Sample records for remote monitoring system

  1. Remote Maintenance Monitoring System -

    Department of Transportation — The Remote Maintenance and Monitoring System (RMMS) is a collection of subsystems that includes telecommunication components, hardware, and software, which serve to...

  2. Remote computer monitors corrosion protection system

    Kendrick, A.

    Effective corrosion protection with electrochemical methods requires some method of routine monitoring that provides reliable data that is free of human error. A test installation of a remote computer control monitoring system for electrochemical corrosion protection is described. The unit can handle up to six channel inputs. Each channel comprises 3 analog signals and 1 digital. The operation of the system is discussed.

  3. The design of remote temperature monitoring system

    Li, Biqing; Li, Zhao; Wei, Liuren


    This design is made on the basis of the single-chip microcomputer remote temperature monitoring system. STC89C51RC is the main core part, this design use the sensor DHT11 of temperature or humidity and wireless transceiver NRF24L01 the temperature of the test site for long-range wireless measurement and monitoring. The design contains the main system and the small system, of which the main system can show the actual test site temperature and humidity values, voice broadcast, out of control and receive data alarm function; The small system has the function of temperature and humidity, temperature monitoring and sending data. After debugging, the user customizable alarm upper and lower temperature, when the temperature exceeds limit value, the main system of buzzer alarm immediately. The system has simple structure, complete functions and can alarm in time, it can be widely used remote temperature acquisition and monitoring of the site.

  4. Wireless remote monitoring system for sleep apnea

    Oh, Sechang; Kwon, Hyeokjun; Varadan, Vijay K.


    Sleep plays the important role of rejuvenating the body, especially the central nervous system. However, more than thirty million people suffer from sleep disorders and sleep deprivation. That can cause serious health consequences by increasing the risk of hypertension, diabetes, heart attack and so on. Apart from the physical health risk, sleep disorders can lead to social problems when sleep disorders are not diagnosed and treated. Currently, sleep disorders are diagnosed through sleep study in a sleep laboratory overnight. This involves large expenses in addition to the inconvenience of overnight hospitalization and disruption of daily life activities. Although some systems provide home based diagnosis, most of systems record the sleep data in a memory card, the patient has to face the inconvenience of sending the memory card to a doctor for diagnosis. To solve the problem, we propose a wireless sensor system for sleep apnea, which enables remote monitoring while the patient is at home. The system has 5 channels to measure ECG, Nasal airflow, body position, abdominal/chest efforts and oxygen saturation. A wireless transmitter unit transmits signals with Zigbee and a receiver unit which has two RF modules, Zigbee and Wi-Fi, receives signals from the transmitter unit and retransmits signals to the remote monitoring system with Zigbee and Wi-Fi, respectively. By using both Zigbee and Wi-Fi, the wireless sensor system can achieve a low power consumption and wide range coverage. The system's features are presented, as well as continuous monitoring results of vital signals.

  5. Design Scheme of Remote Monitoring System Based on Qt

    Xu Dawei


    Full Text Available This paper introduces a design scheme of remote monitoring system based on Qt, the scheme of remote monitoring system based on S3C2410 and Qt, with the aid of cross platform development tools Qt and powerful ARM platform design and implementation. The development of remote video surveillance system based on embedded terminal has practical significance and value.

  6. Wireless Remote Monitoring System for Cultural Heritage

    Allan HUYNH


    Full Text Available Existing systems to collect temperature and relative humidity data at cultural heritage buildings require technical knowledge by people who are working with it, which is very seldom that they do have. The systems available today also require manual downloading of the collected data from the sensor to a computer for central storage and for further analysis. In this paper a wireless remote sensor network based on the ZigBee technology together with a simplified data collection system is presented. The system does not require any knowledge by the building administrator after the network is deployed. The wireless sensor device will automatically join available network when the user wants to expand the network. The collected data will be automatically and periodically synchronized to a remote main server via an Internet connection. The data can be used for centralized monitoring and other purpose. The power consumption of the sensor module is also minimized and the battery lifetime is estimated up to 10 years.

  7. Honey Bee Colonies Remote Monitoring System

    Gil-Lebrero, Sergio; Quiles-Latorre, Francisco Javier; Ortiz-López, Manuel; Sánchez-Ruiz, Víctor; Gámiz-López, Victoria; Luna-Rodríguez, Juan Jesús


    Bees are very important for terrestrial ecosystems and, above all, for the subsistence of many crops, due to their ability to pollinate flowers. Currently, the honey bee populations are decreasing due to colony collapse disorder (CCD). The reasons for CCD are not fully known, and as a result, it is essential to obtain all possible information on the environmental conditions surrounding the beehives. On the other hand, it is important to carry out such information gathering as non-intrusively as possible to avoid modifying the bees’ work conditions and to obtain more reliable data. We designed a wireless-sensor networks meet these requirements. We designed a remote monitoring system (called WBee) based on a hierarchical three-level model formed by the wireless node, a local data server, and a cloud data server. WBee is a low-cost, fully scalable, easily deployable system with regard to the number and types of sensors and the number of hives and their geographical distribution. WBee saves the data in each of the levels if there are failures in communication. In addition, the nodes include a backup battery, which allows for further data acquisition and storage in the event of a power outage. Unlike other systems that monitor a single point of a hive, the system we present monitors and stores the temperature and relative humidity of the beehive in three different spots. Additionally, the hive is continuously weighed on a weighing scale. Real-time weight measurement is an innovation in wireless beehive—monitoring systems. We designed an adaptation board to facilitate the connection of the sensors to the node. Through the Internet, researchers and beekeepers can access the cloud data server to find out the condition of their hives in real time. PMID:28036061

  8. Honey Bee Colonies Remote Monitoring System

    Sergio Gil-Lebrero


    Full Text Available Bees are very important for terrestrial ecosystems and, above all, for the subsistence of many crops, due to their ability to pollinate flowers. Currently, the honey bee populations are decreasing due to colony collapse disorder (CCD. The reasons for CCD are not fully known, and as a result, it is essential to obtain all possible information on the environmental conditions surrounding the beehives. On the other hand, it is important to carry out such information gathering as non-intrusively as possible to avoid modifying the bees’ work conditions and to obtain more reliable data. We designed a wireless-sensor networks meet these requirements. We designed a remote monitoring system (called WBee based on a hierarchical three-level model formed by the wireless node, a local data server, and a cloud data server. WBee is a low-cost, fully scalable, easily deployable system with regard to the number and types of sensors and the number of hives and their geographical distribution. WBee saves the data in each of the levels if there are failures in communication. In addition, the nodes include a backup battery, which allows for further data acquisition and storage in the event of a power outage. Unlike other systems that monitor a single point of a hive, the system we present monitors and stores the temperature and relative humidity of the beehive in three different spots. Additionally, the hive is continuously weighed on a weighing scale. Real-time weight measurement is an innovation in wireless beehive—monitoring systems. We designed an adaptation board to facilitate the connection of the sensors to the node. Through the Internet, researchers and beekeepers can access the cloud data server to find out the condition of their hives in real time.

  9. Survey of remote data monitoring systems

    Logee, T.L.; Kendall, P.W.; Pollock, E.O.; Raymond, M.G.; Knapp, R.C. Jr.


    A self-contained data-logger device called an SDAS (Site Data Acquisition Subsystem) was built for the National Solar Data Network (NSDN) which could collect analog data from 96 channels, store the data for up to three days, and then transmit the stored data on request to a central facility by voice-grade telephone lines. This system has worked fairly well for the eight years that it has been in service. However, the design and components are getting old and newer dataloggers may be more reliable and accurate and less expensive. This report discusses the results of an extensive search for an SDAS replacement. The survey covered 62 models from 36 manufacturers. These numbers are not indicative of all the dataloggers or manufacturers available, but only those which appeared to have some qualifications for the NSDN datalogger replacement. This report views the datalogger as a system which is made up of sensors, a data acquisition and storage unit, a telecommunications subsystem, and a data processing subsystem. Therefore, there is a section on sensors used in the NSDN, telecommunications technology, and data processing requirements. These four components or subsystems are all necessary in order to have an integrated, successful remote data monitoring network.

  10. Remote monitoring: An implementation on the Gemini System

    Sheridan, R.; Ondrik, M.; Kadner, S.; Resnik, W. [Aquila Technologies Group, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Chitumbo, K. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Corbell, B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    The Gemini System consists of a sophisticated, digital surveillance unit and a high performance review system. Due to the open architectural design of the Gemini System, it provides an excellent hardware and software platform to support remote monitoring. The present Gemini System provides the user with the following Remote Monitoring features, via a modem interface and powerful support software: state-of-health reporting, alarm reporting, and remote user interface. Future enhancements will contribute significantly to the Gemini`s ability to provide a broader spectrum of network interfaces and remote review.

  11. International Remote Monitoring Project Embalse Nuclear Power Station, Argentina Embalse Remote Monitoring System

    Schneider, Sigfried L.; Glidewell, Donnie D.; Bonino, Anibal; Bosler, Gene; Mercer, David; Maxey, Curt; Vones, Jaromir; Martelle, Guy; Busse, James; Kadner, Steve; White, Mike; Rovere, Luis


    The Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear of Argentina (ARN), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), ABACC, the US Department of Energy, and the US Support Program POTAS, cooperated in the development of a Remote Monitoring System for nuclear nonproliferation efforts. This system was installed at the Embalse Nuclear Power Station last year to evaluate the feasibility of using radiation sensors in monitoring the transfer of spent fuel from the spent fuel pond to dry storage. The key element in this process is to maintain continuity of knowledge throughout the entire transfer process. This project evaluated the fundamental design and implementation of the Remote Monitoring System in its application to regional and international safeguard efficiency. New technology has been developed to enhance the design of the system to include storage capability on board sensor platforms. This evaluation has led to design enhancements that will assure that no data loss will occur during loss of RF transmission of the sensors.

  12. A remote drip infusion monitoring system employing Bluetooth.

    Amano, Hikaru; Ogawa, Hidekuni; Maki, Hiromichi; Tsukamoto, Sosuke; Yonezawa, Yoshiharu; Caldwell, W Morton


    We have developed a remote drip infusion monitoring system for use in hospitals. The system consists of several infusion monitoring devices and a central monitor. The infusion monitoring device employing a Bluetooth module can detect the drip infusion rate and an empty infusion solution bag, and then these data are sent to the central monitor placed at the nurses' station via the Bluetooth. The central monitor receives the data from several infusion monitoring devices and then displays graphically them. Therefore, the developed system can monitor intensively the drip infusion situation of the several patients at the nurses' station.

  13. Remote monitoring system workshop and technical cooperation

    Kim, Jung Soo; Kwack, E. H.; Yoon, W. K.; Kim, J. S.; Cha, H. Y.; Na, W.W


    RMS workshop at the year focus on installing the material monioring system at technology lab. within TCNC. This system was developed by cooperative monitoring center(CMC) belonging to Sandia national lab. MMS consisted of data storage computer, data collection computer and easily connet to DCM-14 camera using monitoring the NPP by IAEA. The system run when the motion is catching and stroes the event data to MMS server. Also, the system communicate with the internet and then they access to check the event data only if the authencated person.

  14. Remote container monitoring and surveillance systems

    Resnik, W.M.; Kadner, S.P. [Aquila Technologies Group, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    Aquila Technologies Group is developing a monitoring and surveillance system to monitor containers of nuclear materials. The system will both visually and physically monitor the containers. The system is based on the combination of Aquila`s Gemini All-Digital Surveillance System and on Aquila`s AssetLAN{trademark} asset tracking technology. This paper discusses the Gemini Digital Surveillance system as well as AssetLAN technology. The Gemini architecture with emphasis on anti-tamper security features is also described. The importance of all-digital surveillance versus other surveillance methods is also discussed. AssetLAN{trademark} technology is described, emphasizing the ability to continually track containers (as assets) by location utilizing touch memory technology. Touch memory technology provides unique container identification, as well as the ability to store and retrieve digital information on the container. This information may relate to container maintenance, inspection schedules, and other information. Finally, this paper describes the combination of the Gemini system with AssetLAN technology, yielding a self contained, container monitoring and area/container surveillance system. Secure container fixture design considerations are discussed. Basic surveillance review functions are also discussed.

  15. Product Maintenance Oriented Remote Monitoring and Diagnosis System

    张之敬; 林飞


    A research on maintenance oriented remote monitoring and diagnosis modular as well as the data transportation technique is carried out. An opened and modularized data share framework integrated with virtual graphic transportation is presented to realize the data exchange. As a result, it implements a real-time monitoring, diagnosis and maintenance system based on WWW. An effective support technique for the real-time remote fault diagnosis, maintenance and entire life cycle design of products is supplied.

  16. Application of GPRS and GIS in Boiler Remote Monitoring System

    Hongchao Wang; Yifeng Wu


    Application of GPRS and GIS in boiler remote monitoring system was designed in this paper by combining the advantage of GPRS and GIS in remote data transmission with configuration monitoring technology. The detail information of the operating conditions of the industrial boiler can be viewed by marking the location of boiler on the electronic map dynamically which can realize the unified management for industrial boiler of a region or city conveniently. Experimental application show that the ...

  17. Remote monitoring of LED lighting system performance

    Thotagamuwa, Dinusha R.; Perera, Indika U.; Narendran, Nadarajah


    The concept of connected lighting systems using LED lighting for the creation of intelligent buildings is becoming attractive to building owners and managers. In this application, the two most important parameters include power demand and the remaining useful life of the LED fixtures. The first enables energy-efficient buildings and the second helps building managers schedule maintenance services. The failure of an LED lighting system can be parametric (such as lumen depreciation) or catastrophic (such as complete cessation of light). Catastrophic failures in LED lighting systems can create serious consequences in safety critical and emergency applications. Therefore, both failure mechanisms must be considered and the shorter of the two must be used as the failure time. Furthermore, because of significant variation between the useful lives of similar products, it is difficult to accurately predict the life of LED systems. Real-time data gathering and analysis of key operating parameters of LED systems can enable the accurate estimation of the useful life of a lighting system. This paper demonstrates the use of a data-driven method (Euclidean distance) to monitor the performance of an LED lighting system and predict its time to failure.

  18. Smart Vest: wearable multi-parameter remote physiological monitoring system.

    Pandian, P S; Mohanavelu, K; Safeer, K P; Kotresh, T M; Shakunthala, D T; Gopal, Parvati; Padaki, V C


    The wearable physiological monitoring system is a washable shirt, which uses an array of sensors connected to a central processing unit with firmware for continuously monitoring physiological signals. The data collected can be correlated to produce an overall picture of the wearer's health. In this paper, we discuss the wearable physiological monitoring system called 'Smart Vest'. The Smart Vest consists of a comfortable to wear vest with sensors integrated for monitoring physiological parameters, wearable data acquisition and processing hardware and remote monitoring station. The wearable data acquisition system is designed using microcontroller and interfaced with wireless communication and global positioning system (GPS) modules. The physiological signals monitored are electrocardiogram (ECG), photoplethysmogram (PPG), body temperature, blood pressure, galvanic skin response (GSR) and heart rate. The acquired physiological signals are sampled at 250samples/s, digitized at 12-bit resolution and transmitted wireless to a remote physiological monitoring station along with the geo-location of the wearer. The paper describes a prototype Smart Vest system used for remote monitoring of physiological parameters and the clinical validation of the data are also presented.

  19. Application of GPRS and GIS in Boiler Remote Monitoring System

    Hongchao Wang


    Full Text Available Application of GPRS and GIS in boiler remote monitoring system was designed in this paper by combining the advantage of GPRS and GIS in remote data transmission with configuration monitoring technology. The detail information of the operating conditions of the industrial boiler can be viewed by marking the location of boiler on the electronic map dynamically which can realize the unified management for industrial boiler of a region or city conveniently. Experimental application show that the system has convenience to use, high reliability, which play an active role to improve the operating efficiency, to prevent the boiler accident, and to decrease the energy consumption.

  20. A Remote Real-Time Monitoring System for Power Quality

    黄治清; 贺建闽


    An introduction is made to the composition, design method and engineering application of a remote real-time monitoring system of power quality in substations based on internet. With virtual instrument and network technique adopted, this system is characterized by good real-time property, high reliability, plentiful functions, and so on. It also can be used to monitor the load of a substation, such as electric locomotives.

  1. Vulnerability analysis on a VPN for a remote monitoring system

    Kim, Jung Soo; Kim, Jong Soo; Park, Il Jin; Min, Kyung Sik; Choi, Young Myung [KAERI, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)


    14 Pressurized Water Reactors(PWR) in Korea use a Remote Monitoring System(RMS), which have been in Korea Since 1998. A memorandum of understanding on remote monitoring, based on enhanced cooperation on PWRs, was signed at the 10th safeguards review meeting in October 2001 between the International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA) and Ministry Of Science and Technology(MOST). Thereafter, all PWR power plants applied for remote monitoring systems. However, the existing method is high cost (involving expensive telephone costs). So, it was eventually applied to an internet system for remote monitoring. According to the internet-based Virtual Private Network(VPN) applied to remote monitoring, the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute(KAERI) came to an agreement with the IAEA, using a Member State Support Program(MSSP). Phase I is a lab test. Phase II is to apply it to a target power plant. Phase III is to apply it to all the power plants. This paper reports on the penetration testing of phase I. Phase I involved both domestic testing and international testing. The target of the testing consisted of a Surveillance Digital Integrated system(SDIS) server, IAEA server and TCNC(Technology Center for Nuclear Control) server. In each system, Virtual Private Network(VPN) system hardware was installed. The penetration of the three systems and the three VPNs was tested. The domestic test involved two hacking scenarios: hacking from the outside and hacking from the inside. The international test involved one scenario from the outside. The results of tests demonstrated that the VPN hardware provided a good defense against hacking. We verified that there was no invasion of the system (SDIS server and VPN; TCNC server and VPN; and IAEA server and VPN) via penetration testing.

  2. Web based remote monitoring and controlling system for vulnerable environments

    Thomas, Aparna; George, Minu


    The two major areas of concern in industrial establishments are monitoring and security. The remote monitoring and controlling can be established with the help of Web technology. Managers can monitor and control the equipment in the remote area through a web browser. The targeted area includes all type of susceptible environment like gas filling station, research and development laboratories. The environmental parameters like temperature, light intensity, gas etc. can be monitored. Security is a very important factor in an industrial setup. So motion detection feature is added to the system to ensure the security. The remote monitoring and controlling system makes use of the latest, less power consumptive and fast working microcontroller like S3C2440. This system is based on ARM9 and Linux operating system. The ARM9 will collect the sensor data and establish real time video monitoring along with motion detection feature. These captured video data as well as environmental data is transmitted over internet using embedded web server which is integrated within the ARM9 board.

  3. Research on Key Technology of Mining Remote Sensing Dynamic Monitoring Information System

    Sun, J.; Xiang, H.


    Problems exist in remote sensing dynamic monitoring of mining are expounded, general idea of building remote sensing dynamic monitoring information system is presented, and timely release of service-oriented remote sensing monitoring results is established. Mobile device-based data verification subsystem is developed using mobile GIS, remote sensing dynamic monitoring information system of mining is constructed, and "timely release, fast handling and timely feedback" rapid response mechanism of remote sensing dynamic monitoring is implemented.

  4. TeleLab – A Remote Monitoring and Control System

    Ashish Taneja; Aakash Kushwah; Akshat Gupta; Vats, Vipin B.


    Presented herein is a remote monitoring and control system which provides the user (client) with graphical output of the acquired experimental data. The experiment is based on MATLAB, Atmel AVR (namely the mega8). Instead of using different tools, the project focuses at using just one so as to make it simple for the user to understand and debug if necessary. A tool such as MatLab, being simple yet efficient, provides the greatest flexibility. At present the setup ...

  5. A Self-Calibrating Remote Control Chemical Monitoring System

    Jessica Croft


    The Susie Mine, part of the Upper Tenmile Mining Area, is located in Rimini, MT about 15 miles southwest of Helena, MT. The Upper Tenmile Creek Mining Area is an EPA Superfund site with 70 abandoned hard rock mines and several residential yards prioritized for clean up. Water from the Susie mine flows into Tenmile Creek from which the city of Helena draws part of its water supply. MSE Technology Applications in Butte, Montana was contracted by the EPA to build a treatment system for the Susie mine effluent and demonstrate a system capable of treating mine waste water in remote locations. The Idaho National Lab was contracted to design, build and demonstrate a low maintenance self-calibrating monitoring system that would monitor multiple sample points, allow remote two-way communications with the control software and allow access to the collected data through a web site. The Automated Chemical Analysis Monitoring (ACAM) system was installed in December 2006. This thesis documents the overall design of the hardware, control software and website, the data collected while MSE-TA’s system was operational, the data collected after MSE-TA’s system was shut down and suggested improvements to the existing system.

  6. Advanced Pulse Oximetry System for Remote Monitoring and Management

    Ju Geon Pak


    Full Text Available Pulse oximetry data such as saturation of peripheral oxygen (SpO2 and pulse rate are vital signals for early diagnosis of heart disease. Therefore, various pulse oximeters have been developed continuously. However, some of the existing pulse oximeters are not equipped with communication capabilities, and consequently, the continuous monitoring of patient health is restricted. Moreover, even though certain oximeters have been built as network models, they focus on exchanging only pulse oximetry data, and they do not provide sufficient device management functions. In this paper, we propose an advanced pulse oximetry system for remote monitoring and management. The system consists of a networked pulse oximeter and a personal monitoring server. The proposed pulse oximeter measures a patient’s pulse oximetry data and transmits the data to the personal monitoring server. The personal monitoring server then analyzes the received data and displays the results to the patient. Furthermore, for device management purposes, operational errors that occur in the pulse oximeter are reported to the personal monitoring server, and the system configurations of the pulse oximeter, such as thresholds and measurement targets, are modified by the server. We verify that the proposed pulse oximetry system operates efficiently and that it is appropriate for monitoring and managing a pulse oximeter in real time.

  7. An optically remote powered subsea video monitoring system

    Lau, Fat Kit; Stewart, Brian; McStay, Danny


    The drive for Ocean pollution prevention requires a significant increase in the extent and type of monitoring of subsea hydrocarbon production equipment. Sensors, instrumentation, control electronics, data logging and transmission units comprising such monitoring systems will all require to be powered. Conventionally electrical powering is supplied by standard subsea electrical cabling. The ability to visualise the assets being monitored and any changes or faults in the equipment is advantageous to an overall monitoring system. However the effective use of video cameras, particularly if the transmission of real time high resolution video is desired, requires a high data rate and low loss communication capability. This can be challenging for heavy and costly electrical cables over extended distances. For this reason optical fibre is often adopted as the communication channel. Using optical fibre cables for both communications and power delivery can also reduce the cost of cabling. In this paper we report a prototype optically remote powered subsea video monitoring system that provides an alternative approach to powering subsea video cameras. The source power is transmitted to the subsea module through optical fibre with an optical-to-electrical converter located in the module. To facilitate intelligent power management in the subsea module, a supercapacitor based intermediate energy storage is installed. Feasibility of the system will be demonstrated. This will include energy charging and camera operation times.

  8. A remote condition monitoring system for wind-turbine based DG systems

    Ma, X.; Wang, G.; Cross, P.; Zhang, X.


    In this paper, a remote condition monitoring system is proposed, which fundamentally consists of real-time monitoring modules on the plant side, a remote support centre and the communications between them. The paper addresses some of the key issues related on the monitoring system, including i) the implementation and configuration of a VPN connection, ii) an effective database system to be able to handle huge amount of monitoring data, and iii) efficient data mining techniques to convert raw data into useful information for plant assessment. The preliminary results have demonstrated that the proposed system is practically feasible and can be deployed to monitor the emerging new energy generation systems.

  9. A Study on a Remote Monitoring and Diagnosis System and Its Application

    GAO Qiang; HE Zheng-jia


    Remote monitoring and diagnosis ( RMD ) is a new kind of monitoring and diagnosis technology that combines computer science, communication technology and fault diagnosis technology. Via the Internet a remote monitoring and diagnosis system can be established. In this paper, the model of an Internet based remote monitoring and diagnosis system is presented; the function of every part of the RMD system is discussed. Then, we introduce a practical example of a remote monitoring and diagnosis system that we established in a factory; its traits and functions are described.

  10. 3.5G based mobile remote monitoring system.

    Bajracharya, Aman; Gale, Timothy J; Stack, Clive R; Turner, Paul


    Low bandwidth has long been a reason for the unsuitability of wireless internet in telemedicine. However with the advent of extended third generation wireless as an economically accessible high speed network, more opportunities are being created in this area of telemedicine. This paper explores the opportunity created by the latest wireless broadband technology for remote monitoring of patients in the home.

  11. The development of remote wireless radiation dose monitoring system

    Lee, Jin-woo [KAERI - Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongup-si (Korea, Republic of); Chonbuk National University, Jeonjoo-Si (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Kyu-hwan [KINS - Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Daejeon-Si (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jong-il [Chonbuk National University, Jeonjoo-Si (Korea, Republic of); Im, Chae-wan [REMTECH, Seoul-Si (Korea, Republic of)


    Internet of things (IoT) technology has recently shown a large flow of IT trends in human life. In particular, our lives are now becoming integrated with a lot of items around the 'smart-phone' with IoT, including Bluetooth, Near Field Communication (NFC), Beacons, WiFi, and Global Positioning System (GPS). Our project focuses on the interconnection of radiation dosimetry and IoT technology. The radiation workers at a nuclear facility should hold personal dosimeters such as a Thermo-Luminescence Dosimeter (TLD), an Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeter (OSL), pocket ionization chamber dosimeters, an Electronic Personal Dosimeter (EPD), or an alarm dosimeter on their body. Some of them have functions that generate audible or visible alarms to radiation workers in a real working area. However, such devices used in radiation fields these days have no functions for communicating with other areas or the responsible personnel in real time. In particular, when conducting a particular task in a high dose area, or a number of repair works within a radiation field, radiation dose monitoring is important for the health of the workers and the work efficiency. Our project aims at the development of a remote wireless radiation dose monitoring system (RWRD) that can be used to monitor the radiation dose in a nuclear facility for radiation workers and a radiation protection program In this project, a radiation dosimeter is the detection device for personal radiation dose, a smart phone is the mobile wireless communication tool, and, Beacon is the wireless starter for the detection, communication, and position of the worker using BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy). In this report, we report the design of the RWRD and a demonstration case in a real radiation field. (authors)

  12. Remote Monitoring System for Communication Base Based on Short Message

    Han Yu Fu


    Full Text Available This paper presents design and development of an automatic monitoring system of communication base which is an important means to realize modernization of mobile communication base station management. Firstly, this paper proposes the architecture of the monitoring system. The proposed system consists of mocrocontrollers, sensors, GSM module and MFRC500 etc. The value of parameters is measured in the system including terminal is studied and designed, including hardware design based on embedded system and software design. Finally, communication module is discussed. The monitoring system which is designed  based on GSM SMS(short message service can improve the integrity, reliability, flexibility and intellectuality of monitoring system.

  13. An overview of crop growing condition monitoring in China agriculture remote sensing monitoring system

    Huang, Qing; Zhou, Qing-bo; Zhang, Li


    China is a large agricultural country. To understand the agricultural production condition timely and accurately is related to government decision-making, agricultural production management and the general public concern. China Agriculture Remote Sensing Monitoring System (CHARMS) can monitor crop acreage changes, crop growing condition, agriculture disaster (drought, floods, frost damage, pest etc.) and predict crop yield etc. quickly and timely. The basic principles, methods and regular operation of crop growing condition monitoring in CHARMS are introduced in detail in the paper. CHARMS can monitor crop growing condition of wheat, corn, cotton, soybean and paddy rice with MODIS data. An improved NDVI difference model was used in crop growing condition monitoring in CHARMS. Firstly, MODIS data of every day were received and processed, and the max NDVI values of every fifteen days of main crop were generated, then, in order to assessment a certain crop growing condition in certain period (every fifteen days, mostly), the system compare the remote sensing index data (NDVI) of a certain period with the data of the period in the history (last five year, mostly), the difference between NDVI can indicate the spatial difference of crop growing condition at a certain period. Moreover, Meteorological data of temperature, precipitation and sunshine etc. as well as the field investigation data of 200 network counties were used to modify the models parameters. Last, crop growing condition was assessment at four different scales of counties, provinces, main producing areas and nation and spatial distribution maps of crop growing condition were also created.

  14. Wireless Remote Weather Monitoring System Based on MEMS Technologies

    Rong-Hua Ma


    Full Text Available This study proposes a wireless remote weather monitoring system based on Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS and wireless sensor network (WSN technologies comprising sensors for the measurement of temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed and direction, integrated on a single chip. The sensing signals are transmitted between the Octopus II-A sensor nodes using WSN technology, following amplification and analog/digital conversion (ADC. Experimental results show that the resistance of the micro temperature sensor increases linearly with input temperature, with an average TCR (temperature coefficient of resistance value of 8.2 × 10−4 (°C−1. The resistance of the pressure sensor also increases linearly with air pressure, with an average sensitivity value of 3.5 × 10−2 (Ω/kPa. The sensitivity to humidity increases with ambient temperature due to the effect of temperature on the dielectric constant, which was determined to be 16.9, 21.4, 27.0, and 38.2 (pF/%RH at 27 °C, 30 °C, 40 °C, and 50 °C, respectively. The velocity of airflow is obtained by summing the variations in resistor response as airflow passed over the sensors providing sensitivity of 4.2 × 10−2, 9.2 × 10−2, 9.7 × 10−2 (Ω/ms−1 with power consumption by the heating resistor of 0.2, 0.3, and 0.5 W, respectively. The passage of air across the surface of the flow sensors prompts variations in temperature among each of the sensing resistors. Evaluating these variations in resistance caused by the temperature change enables the measurement of wind direction.

  15. A GSM-Based Remote Temperature and Humidity Monitoring System for Granary

    Zheng Xiao Xi


    Full Text Available A remote temperature and humidity monitoring system is designed based on the GSM technology and MSP430. With the digital sensor DSB1820 and SHT11, the temperature and humidity of the granary are detected, and these parameters can be adjusted with the controlling system to adapt various working conditions. Through the GSM system, the detected data could be sent to various monitoring devices, such as cellphones and laptops. These data can be used for data display, inquiry, controlling and storage at the remote terminals. The experimental results show that the system is convenient and concise, which meets the remote monitoring demand for the modern granary.

  16. Remote Multimedia Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web Server for Networked Manufacturing

    HEDeqiang; YANGYu; 等


    A new-style remote monitoring system is propsed.which is based on enterprises' embedded wed servers and can be widely used in enterprises' networked manufactureing systems.The principle and characteristics of remote monitoring system based on embedded web server are analyzed.Such a kind of system for networked manufacturing is designed ,and it proves efficient and feasible in promoting communication among enterprises,improving designing and scheduling,decreasing facility failure and reducing product cost.

  17. Evaluation of a Remote Monitoring System for Diabetes Control.

    Katalenich, Bonnie; Shi, Lizheng; Liu, Shuqian; Shao, Hui; McDuffie, Roberta; Carpio, Gandahari; Thethi, Tina; Fonseca, Vivian


    The use of technology to implement cost-effective health care management on a large scale may be an alternative for diabetes management but needs to be evaluated in controlled trials. This study assessed the utility and cost-effectiveness of an automated Diabetes Remote Monitoring and Management System (DRMS) in glycemic control versus usual care. In this randomized, controlled study, patients with uncontrolled diabetes on insulin were randomized to use of the DRMS or usual care. Participants in both groups were followed up for 6 months and had 3 clinic visits at 0, 3, and 6 months. The DRMS used text messages or phone calls to remind patients to test their blood glucose and to report results via an automated system, with no human interaction unless a patient had severely high or low blood glucose. The DRMS made adjustments to insulin dose(s) based on validated algorithms. Participants reported medication adherence through the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8, and diabetes-specific quality of life through the diabetes Daily Quality of Life questionnaire. A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted based on the estimated overall costs of DRMS and usual care. A total of 98 patients were enrolled (59 [60%] female; mean age, 59 years); 87 participants (89%) completed follow-up. HbA1c was similar between the DRMS and control groups at 3 months (7.60% vs 8.10%) and at 6 months (8.10% vs 7.90%). Changes from baseline to 6 months were not statistically significant for self-reported medication adherence and diabetes-specific quality of life, with the exception of the Daily Quality of Life-Social/Vocational Concerns subscale score (P = 0.04). An automated system like the DRMS may improve glycemic control to the same degree as usual clinic care and may significantly improve the social/vocational aspects of quality of life. Cost-effectiveness analysis found DRMS to be cost-effective when compared to usual care and suggests DRMS has a good scale of economy for program scale

  18. Application of the Wireless Digital Transmission Technology in Remote ECG Monitoring System

    Xu,Lixin; Li,Qingliang; Chen,Zhen; Qi,Xinbo; Zhang,Xincheng


    Heart disease is one of the main diseases menace human' s health. The limited monitoring ability and limited serving ability are shortcomings of the existing remote ECG (electrocardiograph) monitoring system. It is practical to bring ECG monitoring from hospital to home. A new method is introduced that the application of wireless digital transmission technology in remote ECG monitoring system. In the system, the portable ECG monitoring device to collect and transmit patient""s electrocardiogram signals and the device to transmit and receive ECG signals are designed by using the PTR2000. The method solves the remote collection and transmission of patient's electrocardiogram signals, and creates the condition of the transmitting of patient"" s electrocardiogram signals through the Broadband network.

  19. Application of the Wireless Digital Transmission Technology in Remote ECG Monitoring System

    Xu,Lixin; Li,Qingliang; Chen,Zhen; Qi,Xinbo; Zhang,Xincheng


    Heart disease is one of the main diseases menace human's health. The limited monitoring ability and limited serving ability are shortcomings of the existing remote ECG (electrocardiograph) monitoring system. It is practical to bring ECG monitoring from hospital to home. A new method is introduced that the application of wireless digital transmission technology in remote ECG monitoring system. In the system, the portable ECG monitoring device to collect and transmit patient's electrocardiogram signals and the device to transmit and receive ECG signals are designed by using the PTR2000. The method solves the remote collection and transmission of patient s electrocardiogram signals, and creates the condition of the transmitting of patient's electrocardiogram signals through the Broadband network.

  20. A Remote Patient Monitoring System for Congestive Heart Failure

    Suh, Myung-kyung; Chen, Chien-An; Woodbridge, Jonathan; Tu, Michael Kai; Kim, Jung In; Nahapetian, Ani; Evangelista, Lorraine S.; Sarrafzadeh, Majid


    Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a leading cause of death in the United States affecting approximately 670,000 individuals. Due to the prevalence of CHF related issues, it is prudent to seek out methodologies that would facilitate the prevention, monitoring, and treatment of heart disease on a daily basis. This paper describes WANDA (Weight and Activity with Blood Pressure Monitoring System); a study that leverages sensor technologies and wireless communications to monitor the health related measurements of patients with CHF. The WANDA system is a three-tier architecture consisting of sensors, web servers, and back-end databases. The system was developed in conjunction with the UCLA School of Nursing and the UCLA Wireless Health Institute to enable early detection of key clinical symptoms indicative of CHF-related decompensation. This study shows that CHF patients monitored by WANDA are less likely to have readings fall outside a healthy range. In addition, WANDA provides a useful feedback system for regulating readings of CHF patients. PMID:21611788

  1. Design of cold chain logistics remote monitoring system based on ZigBee and GPS location

    Zong, Xiaoping; Shao, Heling


    This paper designed a remote monitoring system based on Bee Zig wireless sensor network and GPS positioning, according to the characteristics of cold chain logistics. The system consisted of the ZigBee network, gateway and monitoring center. ZigBee network temperature acquisition modules and GPS positioning acquisition module were responsible for data collection, and then send the data to the host computer through the GPRS network and Internet to realize remote monitoring of vehicle with functions of login permissions, temperature display, latitude and longitude display, historical data, real-time alarm and so on. Experiments showed that the system is stable, reliable and effective to realize the real-time remote monitoring of the vehicle in the process of cold chain transport.

  2. A Remote Temperature Monitoring System Based on GSM


    <正>This paper has discussed the home and abroad’s current situation of temperature monitoring system and compared the advantages and disadvantages of several common methods.According to cold storage,container, medicines library and greenhouse’s requirements on temperature,this thesis has analyzed the advantages and significance of the system and elaborated each module’s function and implementation based on hardware and software’s introduction and demonstrated the pictures of its practical application and the alarm information saved in the SD card which extracted from the database.

  3. Inland and coastal water environment remote sensing monitoring system: rapid construction and application

    Xu, Hua; Gu, Xingfa; Yin, Qiu; Li, Li; Chen, Qiang; Ren, Yuhuan; Chen, Hong; Liu, Xudong; Zhang, Juan


    This paper aims at bridging the gap between the academic research and practical application in water environment monitoring by remote sensing. It mainly focuses on how to rapidly construct the Inland and coastal Water Environment Remote Sensing Monitoring System (IWERSMS) in a software perspective. In this paper, the remote sensed data processing framework, dataflow and product levels are designed based on the retrieval algorithms of water quality parameters. The prototype is four-tier architecture and modules are designed elaborately. The paper subsequently analyzes the strategy and key technology of conglutinating hybrid components, adopting semantic metafiles and tiling image during rapid construction of prototype. Finally, the paper introduces the successful application to 2008 Qingdao enteromorpha prolifra disaster emergency monitoring in Olympics Sailing Match fields. The solution can also fit other domains in remote sensing and especially it provides a clue for researchers who are in an attempt to establish a prototype to apply research fruits to practical applications.

  4. Development and application of remote video monitoring system for combine harvester based on embedded Linux

    Chen, Jin; Wang, Yifan; Wang, Xuelei; Wang, Yuehong; Hu, Rui


    Combine harvester usually works in sparsely populated areas with harsh environment. In order to achieve the remote real-time video monitoring of the working state of combine harvester. A remote video monitoring system based on ARM11 and embedded Linux is developed. The system uses USB camera for capturing working state video data of the main parts of combine harvester, including the granary, threshing drum, cab and cut table. Using JPEG image compression standard to compress video data then transferring monitoring screen to remote monitoring center over the network for long-range monitoring and management. At the beginning of this paper it describes the necessity of the design of the system. Then it introduces realization methods of hardware and software briefly. And then it describes detailedly the configuration and compilation of embedded Linux operating system and the compiling and transplanting of video server program are elaborated. At the end of the paper, we carried out equipment installation and commissioning on combine harvester and then tested the system and showed the test results. In the experiment testing, the remote video monitoring system for combine harvester can achieve 30fps with the resolution of 800x600, and the response delay in the public network is about 40ms.

  5. Study on remote monitoring system for landslide hazard based on Wireless Sensor Network and its application

    GUI Yang; TAO Zhi-gang; WANG Chang-jun; XIE Xing


    Based on Beidou satellite communication platform,sliding force remote monitoring and warning system was widely used in Lingbao Luoshan gold ore,which had achieved remarkable social and economical benefits.However,there is one monitoring point at every 1 000 m2,and their distribution is so discrete that it will no doubt increase construction and operation cost if every monitoring point was installed a Beidou subscriber machine.Therefore,based on Zigbee wireless sensor network technology,network structure and the nodes,embed wireless sensor node in remote monitoring and warning system,a base platform of local wireless sensor network is formed,and it can combine punctiform monitoring information with planar network and transmit concentrated information through Beidou satellite terminal machine; as a result,this largely expands the transmission distance of monitoring data.

  6. A new system for continuous and remote monitoring of patients receiving home mechanical ventilation

    Battista, L.


    Home mechanical ventilation is the treatment of patients with respiratory failure or insufficiency by means of a mechanical ventilator at a patient's home. In order to allow remote patient monitoring, several tele-monitoring systems have been introduced in the last few years. However, most of them usually do not allow real-time services, as they have their own proprietary communication protocol implemented and some ventilation parameters are not always measured. Moreover, they monitor only some breaths during the whole day, despite the fact that a patient's respiratory state may change continuously during the day. In order to reduce the above drawbacks, this work reports the development of a novel remote monitoring system for long-term, home-based ventilation therapy; the proposed system allows for continuous monitoring of the main physical quantities involved during home-care ventilation (e.g., differential pressure, volume, and air flow rate) and is developed in order to allow observations of different remote therapy units located in different places of a city, region, or country. The developed remote patient monitoring system is able to detect various clinical events (e.g., events of tube disconnection and sleep apnea events) and has been successfully tested by means of experimental tests carried out with pulmonary ventilators typically used to support sick patients.

  7. Integrated system for remotely monitoring critical physiological parameters

    Alexakis, S.; Karalis, S.; Asvestas, P.


    Monitoring several human parameters (temperature, heart rate, blood pressure etc.) is an essential task in health care in hospitals as well as in home care. This paper presents the design and implementation of an integrated, embedded system that includes an electrocardiograph of nine leads and two channels, a digital thermometer for measuring the body temperature and a power supply. The system provides networking capabilities (wired or wireless) and is accessible by means of a web interface that allows the user to select the leads, as well as to review the values of heart rate (beats per minute) and body temperature. Furthermore, there is the option of saving all the data in a Micro SD memory card or in a Google Spreadsheet. The necessary analog circuits for signal conditioning (amplification and filtering) were manufactured on printed circuit boards (PCB). The system was built around Arduino Yun, which is a platform that contains a microcontroller and a microprocessor running a special LINUX distribution. Furthermore, the Arduino Yun provides the necessary network connectivity capabilities by means of the integrated Wi-Fi and Ethernet interfaces. The web interface was developed using HTML pages with JavaScript support. The system was tested on simulated data as well as real data, providing satisfactory accuracy regarding the measurement of the heart rate (±3 bpm error) and the temperature (±0.3°C error).

  8. Development of a Cost-Effective Airborne Remote Sensing System for Coastal Monitoring

    Duk-jin Kim


    Full Text Available Coastal lands and nearshore marine areas are productive and rapidly changing places. However, these areas face many environmental challenges related to climate change and human-induced impacts. Space-borne remote sensing systems may be restricted in monitoring these areas because of their spatial and temporal resolutions. In situ measurements are also constrained from accessing the area and obtaining wide-coverage data. In these respects, airborne remote sensing sensors could be the most appropriate tools for monitoring these coastal areas. In this study, a cost-effective airborne remote sensing system with synthetic aperture radar and thermal infrared sensors was implemented to survey coastal areas. Calibration techniques and geophysical model algorithms were developed for the airborne system to observe the topography of intertidal flats, coastal sea surface current, sea surface temperature, and submarine groundwater discharge.

  9. Towards Proactive Context-Aware Service Selection in the Geographically Distributed Remote Patient Monitoring System

    Pawar, Pravin; Beijnum, van Bert-Jan; Mei, Hailiang; Hermens, Hermie


    In the mobile (M)-health domain, the remote patient monitoring system (RPMS) facilitates continuous collection, transmission and viewing of the patient vital signs data. Furthermore, in case of an emergency it provides context-aware emergency response services (ERSs) such as the doctor, paramedic, a

  10. A secure and reliable monitor and control system for remote observing with the Large Millimeter Telescope

    Wallace, Gary; Souccar, Kamal; Malin, Daniella


    Remote access to telescope monitor and control capabilities necessitates strict security mechanisms to protect the telescope and instruments from malicious or unauthorized use, and to prevent data from being stolen, altered, or corrupted. The Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT) monitor and control system (LMTMC) utilizes the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) middleware technology to connect remote software components. The LMTMC provides reliable and secure remote observing by automatically generating SSLIOP enabled CORBA objects. TAO, the ACE open source Object Request Broker (ORB), now supports secure communications by implementing the Secure Socket Layer Inter-ORB Protocol (SSLIOP) as a pluggable protocol. This capability supplies the LMTMC with client and server authentication, data integrity, and encryption. Our system takes advantage of the hooks provided by TAO SSLIOP to implement X.509 certificate based authorization. This access control scheme includes multiple authorization levels to enable granular access control.

  11. A New Remote Monitoring System Application in Laser Power Based on LabVIEW

    Liu Gaoqiang


    Full Text Available In this paper, a new remote monitoring system based on LabVIEW was proposed to measure laser power automatically and remotely. This system consists of four basic components: an DH-JG2 optical power meter, a NI-USB 6008 data acquisition card, a personal computer (PC, and HP laserJet 1020 Plus printer. Since power output of laser is generally so unstable that abnormal work situation could not retroaction to inspectors right away, new system was designed to solve this problem. The detection system realized function of remote control by TCP protocol and mobile phone. Laser power curve that is measured by detection system demonstrated that the design has a good performance in real-time detection and operability.

  12. Development of a cloud-based system for remote monitoring of a PVT panel

    Saraiva, Luis; Alcaso, Adérito; Vieira, Paulo; Ramos, Carlos Figueiredo; Cardoso, Antonio Marques


    The paper presents a monitoring system developed for an energy conversion system based on the sun and known as thermophotovoltaic panel (PVT). The project was implemented using two embedded microcontrollers platforms (arduino Leonardo and arduino yún), wireless transmission systems (WI-FI and XBEE) and net computing ,commonly known as cloud (Google cloud). The main objective of the project is to provide remote access and real-time data monitoring (like: electrical current, electrical voltage, input fluid temperature, output fluid temperature, backward fluid temperature, up PV glass temperature, down PV glass temperature, ambient temperature, solar radiation, wind speed, wind direction and fluid mass flow). This project demonstrates the feasibility of using inexpensive microcontroller's platforms and free internet service in theWeb, to support the remote study of renewable energy systems, eliminating the acquisition of dedicated systems typically more expensive and limited in the kind of processing proposed.

  13. Development of a remote controlled robot system for monitoring nuclear power plant

    Woo, Hee Gon; Song, Myung Jae; Shin, Hyun Bum; Oh, Gil Hwan; Maeng, Sung Jun; Choi, Byung Jae; Chang, Tae Woo [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Bum Hee; Yoo, Jun; Choi, Myung Hwan; Go, Nak Yong; Lee, Kee Dong; Lee, Young Dae; Cho, Hae Kyeng; Nam, Yoon Suk [Electric and Science Research Center, (Korea, Republic of)


    It`s a final report of the development of remote controlled robot system for monitoring the facilities in nuclear power plant and contains as follows, -Studying the technologies in robot developments and analysing the requirements and working environments - Development of the test mobile robot system - Development of the mobile-robot - Development of the Mounted system on the Mobile robot - Development of the Monitoring system - Mobil-robot applications and future study. In this study we built the basic technologies and schemes for future robot developments and applications. (author). 20 refs., figs.

  14. Remote Mobile Health Monitoring System Based on Smart Phone and Browser/Server Structure.

    Zhang, Yunzhou; Liu, Huiyu; Su, Xiaolin; Jiang, Pei; Wei, Dongfei


    A remote mobile health monitoring system with mobile phone and web service capabilities is proposed in this paper. It provides an end-to-end solution; specifically, (1) physiologic parameters, including respiration rate and heart rate, are measured by wearable sensors and recorded by a mobile phone which presents the graphical interface for the user to observe his/her health status more easily; (2) it provides doctors and family members with necessary data through a web interface and enables authorized personnel to monitor the patient's condition and to facilitate remote diagnosis; and (3) it supports real-time alarming and positioning services during an urgent situation, such as a tumble or a heart attack, so that unexpected events can be handled in a timely manner. Experimental results show that the proposed system can reliably monitor the physiologic parameters and conveniently report the user's position.

  15. Remote Mobile Health Monitoring System Based on Smart Phone and Browser/Server Structure

    Yunzhou Zhang


    Full Text Available A remote mobile health monitoring system with mobile phone and web service capabilities is proposed in this paper. It provides an end-to-end solution; specifically, (1 physiologic parameters, including respiration rate and heart rate, are measured by wearable sensors and recorded by a mobile phone which presents the graphical interface for the user to observe his/her health status more easily; (2 it provides doctors and family members with necessary data through a web interface and enables authorized personnel to monitor the patient’s condition and to facilitate remote diagnosis; and (3 it supports real-time alarming and positioning services during an urgent situation, such as a tumble or a heart attack, so that unexpected events can be handled in a timely manner. Experimental results show that the proposed system can reliably monitor the physiologic parameters and conveniently report the user’s position.

  16. A framework for developing an impact-oriented agricultural drought monitoring system from remote sensing

    Zhang, Jie


    With a changing climate, drought has become more intensified, of which agriculture is the major affected sector. Satellite observations have proven great utilities for real-time drought monitoring as well as crop yield estimation, and many remotely sensed indicators have been developed for drought monitoring based on vegetation growth conditions, surface temperature and evapotranspiration information. However, those current drought indicators typically don't take into account the different responses of various input information and the drought impacts during the growing season, revealing some limitations for effective agricultural drought monitoring and impact analysis. Therefore, the goal of this research is to build a framework for the development of an impact-oriented and remote sensing based agricultural drought indicator. Firstly, the global agricultural drought risk was characterized to provide an overview of the agricultural drought prone areas in the world. Then, the responses of different remotely sensed indicators to drought and the impacts of drought on crop yield from the remote sensing perspective during the growing season were explored. Based on previous works on drought risk, drought indicator response and drought impact analysis, an impact-oriented drought indicator will be prototyped from the integration of the drought responses of different indicators and the drought impacts during the growing season. This research can inform an impact-oriented agricultural drought indicator, help prototype an impact-oriented agricultural drought monitoring system, and thus provide valuable inputs for effective agricultural management.

  17. Technical results of Y-12/IAEA field trial of remote monitoring system

    Corbell, B.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Whitaker, J.M. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Welch, J. [Aquila Technologies Group, Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others


    A Remote Monitoring System (RMS) field trial has been conducted with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on highly enriched uranium materials in a vault at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. The RMS included a variety of Sandia, Oak Ridge, and Aquila sensor technologies which provide containment seals, video monitoring, radiation asset measurements, and container identification data to the on-site DAS (Data Acquisition System) by way of radio-frequency and Echelon LonWorks networks. The accumulated safeguards information was transmitted to the IAEA via satellite (COMSAT/RSI) and international telephone lines. The technologies tested in the remote monitoring environment are the RadCouple, RadSiP, and SmartShelf sensors from the ORSENS (Oak Ridge Sensors for Enhancing Nuclear Safeguards) technologies; the AIMS (Authenticated Item Monitoring System) motion sensor (AMS), AIMS fiber-optic seal (AFOS), ICAM (Image Compression and Authentication Module) video surveillance system, DAS (Data Acquisition System), and DIRS (Data and Image Review Station) from Sandia; and the AssetLAN identification tag, VACOSS-S seal, and Gemini digital surveillance system from Aquila. The field trial was conducted from October 1996 through May 1997. Tests were conducted during the monthly IAEA Interim Inventory Verification (IIV) inspections for evaluation of the equipment. Experience gained through the field trials will allow the technologies to be applied to various monitoring scenarios.

  18. Multiple criteria analysis of remotely piloted aircraft systems for monitoring the crops vegetation status

    Cristea, L.; Luculescu, M. C.; Zamfira, S. C.; Boer, A. L.; Pop, S.


    The paper presents an analysis of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) used for monitoring the crops vegetation status. The study focuses on two types of RPAS, namely the flying wing and the multi-copter. The following criteria were taken into account: technical characteristics, power consumption, flight autonomy, flight conditions, costs, data acquisition systems used for monitoring, crops area and so on. Based on this analysis, advantages and disadvantages are emphasized offering a useful tool for choosing the proper solution according to the specific application conditions.

  19. A Remote Monitoring System for Greenhouse Based on the Internet of Things

    Xu Zhenfeng


    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IOT is considered as a great opportunity for the development in the information field nowadays, and has been applied widely in many fields. The IOT can be applied to monitor and control the microclimate factors of greenhouse remotely. In this paper, a wireless monitoring network is designed in the perception layer of the IOT. The nodes are developed based on the Mica2 hardware and the TinyOS software. The LPL (low power listening technology is adopted to reduce the energy consumption of the relay node which is powered by a solar panel. The ACK (Acknowledgement mechanism is used in the software to improve the quality of wireless communications. A remote monitoring terminal is developed by using Java technology. The monitoring terminal is easy to operate with good interactivity. The system has been installed in a glass greenhouse. The actual operation results show that the system is stable and reliable, which lays a good foundation for the development of remote control strategies in future.

  20. Development of an early-warning system for monitoring remote volcanoes

    G. Sauvage


    Full Text Available Many andesitic volcanoes are quiescent for long time periods: usually (but not always an increase in seismic activity and in deformation precedes an eruption by a few months or a few days. A UNESCO panel has put forward the concept of an early warning system for monitoring dormant volcanoes in remote regions. Simple seismic or deformation measuring devices can in principle be built for monitoring remote volcanoes. These instruments are composed of two units: 1 a processor that measures the baseline «activity» of the volcano and decides when the activity increases above a certain threshold; 2 a transmitter for long distance communication. For slow parameters like tilt or extensometry, the signal can be transmitted every few minutes or hours. For seismology, signals include a large quantity of data and therefore they are usually not transmitted. The processing unit is not easy to design because a single seismic station can record noises that are very similar to «volcanic events». Average noise level on a given time interval, event detection counters and high amplitude ground motion counters are a simple (but not exhaustive way to summarize seismic activity. The transmission of data from the field to a monitoring center is feasible by present and future satellite telemetry. We present our attempt to develop an early warning system for remote volcano monitoring with data transmission by satellite.

  1. Gsm Based Embedded System for Remote Laboratory Safety Monitoring and Alerting



    Full Text Available This paper aims to modify an existing safety and security model for the environment of educationalinstitutions and in home. The aim of this project is to design an embedded system for remote monitoringof the laboratory environment. Nowadays remote monitoring the laboratory and its building is necessaryfor safety and security purpose, which also help us to know the environmental status of the laboratory.The environmental parameters inside the laboratory, such as presence of alcohol, gas and fire can bedetected using respective sensors and the sensed data are then transferred to the microcontroller. Themicrocontroller takes the control action of activating an alarm whenever the presence of theseparameters is found. In turn, the Voice alarm and alert message as SMS through GSM are also sent tothe remote area. The advantage of this automated detection and alarm system is that, it offers fasterresponse time and accurate detection during an emergency. Our experimental results show that, thesystem provides safe and secure remote monitoring of the environment in laboratories and it has highreliability and easy to implement a system like this wherever needed.

  2. Implementation of remote monitoring and diffraction evaluation systems at the Photon Factory macromolecular crystallography beamlines

    Yamada, Yusuke; pHonda, Nobuo; Matsugaki, Naohiro; Igarashi, Noriyuki; Hiraki, Masahiko; Wakatsuki, Soichi


    Owing to recent advances in high-throughput technology in macromolecular crystallography beamlines, such as high-brilliant X-ray sources, high-speed readout detectors and robotics, the number of samples that can be examined in a single visit to the beamline has increased dramatically. In order to make these experiments more efficient, two functions, remote monitoring and diffraction image evaluation, have been implemented in the macromolecular crystallography beamlines at the Photon Factory (PF). Remote monitoring allows scientists to participate in the experiment by watching from their laboratories, without having to come to the beamline. Diffraction image evaluation makes experiments easier, especially when using the sample exchange robot. To implement these two functions, two independent clients have been developed that work specifically for remote monitoring and diffraction image evaluation. In the macromolecular crystallography beamlines at PF, beamline control is performed using STARS (simple transmission and retrieval system). The system adopts a client–server style in which client programs communicate with each other through a server process using the STARS protocol. This is an advantage of the extension of the system; implementation of these new functions required few modifications of the existing system. PMID:18421163

  3. Design and implementation of a remote UAV-based mobile health monitoring system

    Li, Songwei; Wan, Yan; Fu, Shengli; Liu, Mushuang; Wu, H. Felix


    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) play increasing roles in structure health monitoring. With growing mobility in modern Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications, the health monitoring of mobile structures becomes an emerging application. In this paper, we develop a UAV-carried vision-based monitoring system that allows a UAV to continuously track and monitor a mobile infrastructure and transmit back the monitoring information in real- time from a remote location. The monitoring system uses a simple UAV-mounted camera and requires only a single feature located on the mobile infrastructure for target detection and tracking. The computation-effective vision-based tracking solution based on a single feature is an improvement over existing vision-based lead-follower tracking systems that either have poor tracking performance due to the use of a single feature, or have improved tracking performance at a cost of the usage of multiple features. In addition, a UAV-carried aerial networking infrastructure using directional antennas is used to enable robust real-time transmission of monitoring video streams over a long distance. Automatic heading control is used to self-align headings of directional antennas to enable robust communication in mobility. Compared to existing omni-communication systems, the directional communication solution significantly increases the operation range of remote monitoring systems. In this paper, we develop the integrated modeling framework of camera and mobile platforms, design the tracking algorithm, develop a testbed of UAVs and mobile platforms, and evaluate system performance through both simulation studies and field tests.

  4. Hybrid control and acquisition system for remote control systems for environmental monitoring

    Garufi, Fabio; Acernese, Fausto; Boiano, Alfonso; De Rosa, Rosario; Romano, Rocco; Barone, Fabrizio


    In this paper we describe the architecture and the performances of a hybrid modular acquisition and control system prototype for environmental monitoring and geophysics. The system, an alternative to a VME-UDP/IP based system, is based on a dual-channel 18-bit low noise ADC and a 16-bit DAC module at 1 MHz. The module can be configured as stand-alone or mounted on a motherboard as mezzanine. Both the modules and the motherboard can send/receive the configuration and the acquired/correction data for control through a standard EPP parallel port to a standard PC for the real-time computation. The tests have demonstrated that a distributed control systems based on this architecture exhibits a delay time of less than 25 us on a single channel, i.e a sustained sampling frequency of more than 40 kHz (and up to 80 kHz). The system is now under extensive test in the remote controls of seismic sensors (to simulate a geophysics networks of sensors) of a large baseline suspended Michelson interferometer.

  5. A Low-Cost Remote Healthcare Monitor System Based on Embedded Server

    He Liu


    Full Text Available In the paper, we propose a scheme about a low-cost remote healthcare monitor system based on embedded server between home and hospital. In the scheme, we design an embedded server based on an ARM9 microprocessor. The embedded server supplies all kinds of interfaces such as GPIO interfaces, serial interfaces. These interfaces can acquire all kinds of physiology signals such as Electrocardiograph, heart rate, respiration wave, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, body temperature and so on through connecting the sensor modules. The network is based on local area network and adopts the Browser/Server model. Each home with an embedded server is as a server endpoint and the hospital is as a Browser endpoint. Every embedded server owns an independent static internet protocol address. The doctors can easily acquire patients’ physiology information through writing patients’ internet protocol address on any computer browser. The embedded server can store patients’ physiology information using database in an 8 GB SD card. The doctor can download the database information into the local computers. The system can conveniently upgrade all software in the embedded server only on a remote hospital computer. The remote healthcare monitor system based on embedded server has advantages of low-cost, convenience and feasibility.

  6. Cardiac Care Assistance using Self Configured Sensor Network—a Remote Patient Monitoring System

    Sarma Dhulipala, V. R.; Kanagachidambaresan, G. R.


    Pervasive health care systems are used to monitor patients remotely without disturbing the normal day-to-day activities in real-time. Wearable physiological sensors required to monitor various significant ecological parameters of the patients are connected to Body Central Unit (BCU). Body Sensor Network (BSN) updates data in real-time and are designed to transmit alerts against abnormalities which enables quick response by medical units in case of an emergency. BSN helps monitoring patient without any need for attention to the subject. BSN helps in reducing the stress and strain caused by hospital environment. In this paper, mathematical models for heartbeat signal, electro cardio graph (ECG) signal and pulse rate are introduced. These signals are compared and their RMS difference-fast Fourier transforms (PRD-FFT) are processed. In the context of cardiac arrest, alert messages of these parameters and first aid for post-surgical operations has been suggested.

  7. Advances in Remote Sensing of Agriculture: Context Description, Existing Operational Monitoring Systems and Major Information Needs

    Clement Atzberger


    Full Text Available Many remote sensing applications are devoted to the agricultural sector. Representative case studies are presented in the special issue “Advances in Remote Sensing of Agriculture”. To complement the examples published within the special issue, a few main applications with regional to global focus were selected for this review, where remote sensing contributions are traditionally strong. The selected applications are put in the context of the global challenges the agricultural sector is facing: minimizing the environmental impact, while increasing production and productivity. Five different applications have been selected, which are illustrated and described: (1 biomass and yield estimation, (2 vegetation vigor and drought stress monitoring, (3 assessment of crop phenological development, (4 crop acreage estimation and cropland mapping and (5 mapping of disturbances and land use/land cover (LULC changes. Many other applications exist, such as precision agriculture and irrigation management (see other special issues of this journal, but were not included to keep the paper concise. The paper starts with an overview of the main agricultural challenges. This section is followed by a brief overview of existing operational monitoring systems. Finally, in the main part of the paper, the mentioned applications are described and illustrated. The review concludes with some key recommendations.

  8. Enhancing eHealth Information Systems for chronic diseases remote monitoring systems

    Amir HAJJAM


    Full Text Available Statistics and demographics for the aging population in Europe are compelling. The stakes are then in terms of disability and chronic diseases whose proportions will increase because of increased life expectancy. Heart failure (HF, a serious chronic disease, induces frequent re-hospitalizations, some of which can be prevented by up-stream actions. Managing HF is quite a complex process: long, often difficult and expensive. In France, nearly one million people suffer from HF and 120,000 new cases are diagnosed every year. Managing such patients, a telemedicine system tools associated with motivation and education can significantly reduce the number of hospital days that believes therefore that the patient is hospitalized for acute HF. The current development projects are fully in prevention, human security, and remote monitoring of people in their living day-to-day spaces, from the perspective of health and wellness. These projects encompass gathering, organizing, structuring and sharing medical information. They also have to take into account the main aspects of interoperability. A different approach has been used to capitalize on such information: data warehouse approach, mediation approach (or integration by views or integration approach by link (or so-called mashup. In this paper, we will focus on ontologies that take a central place in the Semantic Web: on one hand, they rely on modeling from conceptual representations of the areas concerned and, on the other hand, they allow programs to make inferences over them.

  9. An Experimental Global Monitoring System for Rainfall-triggered Landslides using Satellite Remote Sensing Information

    Hong, Yang; Adler, Robert F.; Huffman, George J.


    Landslides triggered by rainfall can possibly be foreseen in real time by jointly using rainfall intensity-duration thresholds and information related to land surface susceptibility. However, no system exists at either a national or a global scale to monitor or detect rainfall conditions that may trigger landslides due to the lack of extensive ground-based observing network in many parts of the world. Recent advances in satellite remote sensing technology and increasing availability of high-resolution geospatial products around the globe have provided an unprecedented opportunity for such a study. In this paper, a framework for developing an experimental real-time monitoring system to detect rainfall-triggered landslides is proposed by combining two necessary components: surface landslide susceptibility and a real-time space-based rainfall analysis system (http://trmm.gsfc.nasa.aov). First, a global landslide susceptibility map is derived from a combination of semi-static global surface characteristics (digital elevation topography, slope, soil types, soil texture, and land cover classification etc.) using a GIs weighted linear combination approach. Second, an adjusted empirical relationship between rainfall intensity-duration and landslide occurrence is used to assess landslide risks at areas with high susceptibility. A major outcome of this work is the availability of a first-time global assessment of landslide risk, which is only possible because of the utilization of global satellite remote sensing products. This experimental system can be updated continuously due to the availability of new satellite remote sensing products. This proposed system, if pursued through wide interdisciplinary efforts as recommended herein, bears the promise to grow many local landslide hazard analyses into a global decision-making support system for landslide disaster preparedness and risk mitigation activities across the world.

  10. An IoT System for Remote Monitoring of Patients at Home

    KeeHyun Park


    Full Text Available Application areas that utilize the concept of IoT can be broadened to healthcare or remote monitoring areas. In this paper, a remote monitoring system for patients at home in IoT environments is proposed, constructed, and evaluated through several experiments. To make it operable in IoT environments, a protocol conversion scheme between ISO/IEEE 11073 protocol and oneM2M protocol, and a Multiclass Q-learning scheduling algorithm based on the urgency of biomedical data delivery to medical staff are proposed. In addition, for the sake of patients’ privacy, two security schemes are proposed—the separate storage scheme of data in parts and the Buddy-ACK authorization scheme. The experiment on the constructed system showed that the system worked well and the Multiclass Q-learning scheduling algorithm performs better than the Multiclass Based Dynamic Priority scheduling algorithm. We also found that the throughputs of the Multiclass Q-learning scheduling algorithm increase almost linearly as the measurement time increases, whereas the throughputs of the Multiclass Based Dynamic Priority algorithm increase with decreases in the increasing ratio.

  11. Real time remote monitoring and pre-warning system for Highway landslide in mountain area.

    Zhang, Yonghui; Li, Hongxu; Sheng, Qian; Wu, Kai; Chen, Guoliang


    The wire-pulling trigger displacement meter with precision of 1 mm and the grid pluviometer with precision of 0.1 mm are used to monitor the surface displacement and rainfall for Highway slope, and the measured data are transferred to the remote computer in real time by general packet radio service (GPRS) net of China telecom. The wire-pulling trigger displacement meter, grid pluviometer, data acquisition and transmission unit, and solar power supply device are integrated to form a comprehensive monitoring hardware system for Highway landslide in mountain area, which proven to be economical, energy-saving, automatic and high efficient. Meantime, based on the map and geographic information system (MAPGIS) platform, the software system is also developed for three dimensional (3D) geology modeling and visualization, data inquiring and drawing, stability calculation, displacement forecasting, and real time pre-warning. Moreover, the pre-warning methods based on monitoring displacement and rainfall are discussed. The monitoring and forecasting system for Highway landslide has been successfully applied in engineering practice to provide security for Highway transportation and construction and reduce environment disruption. Copyright © 2011 The Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. An intelligent system for continuous blood pressure monitoring on remote multi-patients in real time

    Marani, Roberto


    In this paper we present an electronic system to perform a non-invasive measurement of the blood pressure based on the oscillometric method, which does not suffer from the limitations of the well-known auscultatory one. Moreover the proposed system is able to evaluate both the systolic and diastolic blood pressure values and makes use of a microcontroller and a Sallen-Key active filter. With reference to other similar devices, a great improvement of our measurement system is achieved since it performs the transmission of the systolic and diastolic pressure values to a remote computer. This aspect is very important when the simultaneous monitoring of multi-patients is required. The proposed system, prototyped and tested at the Electron Devices Laboratory (Electrical and Information Engineering Department) of Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy, is characterized by originality, by plainness of use and by a very high level of automation (so called intelligent system).

  13. Distributed Multi-Sensor Real-Time Building Environmental Parameters Monitoring System with Remote Data Access

    Beinarts Ivars


    Full Text Available In this paper the advanced monitoring system of multiple environmental parameters is presented. The purpose of the system is a long-term estimation of energy efficiency and sustainability for the research test stands which are made of different building materials. Construction of test stands, and placement of main sensors are presented in the first chapter. The structure of data acquisition system includes a real-time interface with sensors and a data logger that allows to acquire and log data from all sensors with fixed rate. The data logging system provides a remote access to the processing of the acquired data and carries out periodical saving at a remote FTP server using an Internet connection. The system architecture and the usage of sensors are explained in the second chapter. In the third chapter implementation of the system, different interfaces of sensors and energy measuring devices are discussed and several examples of data logger program are presented. Each data logger is reading data from analog and digital channels. Measurements can be displayed directly on a screen using WEB access or using data from FTP server. Measurements and acquired data graphical results are presented in the fourth chapter in the selected diagrams. The benefits of the developed system are presented in the conclusion.

  14. [Design and application of user managing system of cardiac remote monitoring network].

    Chen, Shouqiang; Zhang, Jianmin; Yuan, Feng; Gao, Haiqing


    According to inpatient records, data managing demand of cardiac remote monitoring network and computer, this software was designed with relative database ACCESS. Its interface, operational button and menu were designed in VBA language assistantly. Its design included collective design, amity, practicability and compatibility. Its function consisted of registering, inquiring, statisticing and printing, et al. It could be used to manage users effectively and could be helpful to exerting important action of cardiac remote monitoring network in preventing cardiac-vascular emergency ulteriorly.

  15. Research and implement of remote vehicle monitoring and early-warning system based on GPS/GPRS

    Li, Shiwu; Tian, Jingjing; Yang, Zhifa; Qiao, Feiyan


    Concerning the problem of road traffic safety, remote monitoring and early-warning of vehicle states was the key to prevent road traffic accidents and improve the transportation effectiveness. Through the embedded development technology, a remote vehicle monitoring and early-warning system was developed based on UNO2170 industrial computer of Advantech with WinCE operating system using Embedded Visual C++ (EVC), which combined with multisensor data acquisition technology, global positioning system (GPS) and general packet radio service (GPRS). It achieved the remote monitoring and early-warning of commercial vehicle. This system was installed in a CA1046L2 light truck. Through many road tests, test results showed that the system reacted rapidly for abnormal vehicle states and had stable performance.

  16. An integrated system to remote monitor and control anaerobic wastewater treatment plants through the internet.

    Bernard, O; Chachuat, B; Hélias, A; Le Dantec, B; Sialve, B; Steyer, J-P; Lardon, L; Neveu, P; Lambert, S; Gallop, J; Dixon, M; Ratini, P; Quintabà, A; Frattesi, S; Lema, J M; Roca, E; Ruiz, G; Rodriguez, J; Franco, A; Vanrolleghem, P; Zaher, U; De Pauw, D J W; De Neve, K; Lievens, K; Dochaine, D; Schoefs, O; Fibrianto, H; Farina, R; Alcaraz Gonzalez, V; Gonzalez Alvarez, V; Lemaire, P; Martinez, J A; Esandi, F; Duclaud, O; Lavigne, J F


    The TELEMAC project brings new methodologies from the Information and Science Technologies field to the world of water treatment. TELEMAC offers an advanced remote management system which adapts to most of the anaerobic wastewater treatment plants that do not benefit from a local expert in wastewater treatment. The TELEMAC system takes advantage of new sensors to better monitor the process dynamics and to run automatic controllers that stabilise the treatment plant, meet the depollution requirements and provide a biogas quality suitable for cogeneration. If the automatic system detects a failure which cannot be solved automatically or locally by a technician, then an expert from the TELEMAC Control Centre is contacted via the internet and manages the problem.

  17. Optical Communication System for Remote Monitoring and Adaptive Control of Distributed Ground Sensors Exhibiting Collective Intelligence

    Cameron, S.M.; Stantz, K.M.; Trahan, M.W.; Wagner, J.S.


    Comprehensive management of the battle-space has created new requirements in information management, communication, and interoperability as they effect surveillance and situational awareness. The objective of this proposal is to expand intelligent controls theory to produce a uniquely powerful implementation of distributed ground-based measurement incorporating both local collective behavior, and interoperative global optimization for sensor fusion and mission oversight. By using a layered hierarchal control architecture to orchestrate adaptive reconfiguration of autonomous robotic agents, we can improve overall robustness and functionality in dynamic tactical environments without information bottlenecks. In this concept, each sensor is equipped with a miniaturized optical reflectance modulator which is interactively monitored as a remote transponder using a covert laser communication protocol from a remote mothership or operative. Robot data-sharing at the ground level can be leveraged with global evaluation criteria, including terrain overlays and remote imaging data. Information sharing and distributed intelli- gence opens up a new class of remote-sensing applications in which small single-function autono- mous observers at the local level can collectively optimize and measure large scale ground-level signals. AS the need for coverage and the number of agents grows to improve spatial resolution, cooperative behavior orchestrated by a global situational awareness umbrella will be an essential ingredient to offset increasing bandwidth requirements within the net. A system of the type described in this proposal will be capable of sensitively detecting, tracking, and mapping spatial distributions of measurement signatures which are non-stationary or obscured by clutter and inter- fering obstacles by virtue of adaptive reconfiguration. This methodology could be used, for example, to field an adaptive ground-penetrating radar for detection of underground structures in

  18. Developing the remote sensing-based early warning system for monitoring TSS concentrations in Lake Mead.

    Imen, Sanaz; Chang, Ni-Bin; Yang, Y Jeffrey


    Adjustment of the water treatment process to changes in water quality is a focus area for engineers and managers of water treatment plants. The desired and preferred capability depends on timely and quantitative knowledge of water quality monitoring in terms of total suspended solids (TSS) concentrations. This paper presents the development of a suite of nowcasting and forecasting methods by using high-resolution remote-sensing-based monitoring techniques on a daily basis. First, the integrated data fusion and mining (IDFM) technique was applied to develop a near real-time monitoring system for daily nowcasting of the TSS concentrations. Then a nonlinear autoregressive neural network with external input (NARXNET) model was selected and applied for forecasting analysis of the changes in TSS concentrations over time on a rolling basis onward using the IDFM technique. The implementation of such an integrated forecasting and nowcasting approach was assessed by a case study at Lake Mead hosting the water intake for Las Vegas, Nevada, in the water-stressed western U.S. Long-term monthly averaged results showed no simultaneous impact from forest fire events on accelerating the rise of TSS concentration. However, the results showed a probable impact of a decade of drought on increasing TSS concentration in the Colorado River Arm and Overton Arm. Results of the forecasting model highlight the reservoir water level as a significant parameter in predicting TSS in Lake Mead. In addition, the R-squared value of 0.98 and the root mean square error of 0.5 between the observed and predicted TSS values demonstrates the reliability and application potential of this remote sensing-based early warning system in terms of TSS projections at a drinking water intake. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Laser system for remote sensing monitoring of air pollution and quality control of the atmosphere

    Belić Ilija


    Full Text Available Monitoring of the atmosphere and determination of the types and amounts of pollutants is becoming more important issue in complex and global monitoring of the environment. On the geocomponent and geocomplex level problem of monitoring the environment is attracting the attention of the scientific experts of different profiles (chemists, physicists, geographers, biologists, meteorologists, both in the national and international projects. Because of the general characteristics of the Earth's atmosphere (Dynamically Ballanced Instability DBI and the potential contribution to climate change solutions air-pollution monitoring has become particularly important field of environmental research. Control of aerosol distribution over Europe is enabled by EARLINET systems (European Aerosol Lidar NETwork. Serbia’s inclusion into these European courses needs development of the device, the standardization of methods and direct activity in determining the type, quantity and location of aerosol. This paper is analyzing the first step in the study of air-pollution, which is consisted of the realization of a functional model of LIDAR remote sensing devices for the large particle pollutants.

  20. Drought monitoring and assessment: Remote sensing and modeling approaches for the Famine Early Warning Systems Network

    Senay, Gabriel; Velpuri, Naga Manohar; Bohms, Stefanie; Budde, Michael; Young, Claudia; Rowland, James; Verdin, James


    Drought monitoring is an essential component of drought risk management. It is usually carried out using drought indices/indicators that are continuous functions of rainfall and other hydrometeorological variables. This chapter presents a few examples of how remote sensing and hydrologic modeling techniques are being used to generate a suite of drought monitoring indicators at dekadal (10-day), monthly, seasonal, and annual time scales for several selected regions around the world. Satellite-based rainfall estimates are being used to produce drought indicators such as standardized precipitation index, dryness indicators, and start of season analysis. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index is being used to monitor vegetation condition. Several satellite data products are combined using agrohydrologic models to produce multiple short- and long-term indicators of droughts. All the data sets are being produced and updated in near-real time to provide information about the onset, progression, extent, and intensity of drought conditions. The data and products produced are available for download from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) data portal at The availability of timely information and products support the decision-making processes in drought-related hazard assessment, monitoring, and management with the FEWS NET. The drought-hazard monitoring approach perfected by the U.S. Geological Survey for FEWS NET through the integration of satellite data and hydrologic modeling can form the basis for similar decision support systems. Such systems can operationally produce reliable and useful regional information that is relevant for local, district-level decision making.

  1. InfoSequia: the first operational remote sensing-based Drought Monitoring System of Spain

    Contreras, Sergio; Hunink, Johannes E.


    We present a satellite-based Drought Monitoring System that provides weekly updates of maps and bulletins with vegetation drought indices over the Iberian Peninsula. The web portal InfoSequía ( aims to complement the current Spanish Drought Monitoring System which relies on a hydrological drought index computed at the basin level using data on river flows and water stored in reservoirs. Drought indices computed by InfoSequia are derived from satellite data provided by MODIS sensors (TERRA and AQUA satellites), and report the relative anomaly observed in the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Land Surface Temperature (LST), and in an additive combination of both. Similar to the U.S. Drought Monitoring System by NOAA, the indices include the Vegetation Condition Index (VCI, relative NDVI anomaly), the Temperature Condition Index (TCI, relative LST anomaly) and the Vegetation Health Index (VHI, relative NDVI-LST anomaly). Relative anomalies are codified into four warning levels, and all of them are provided for short periods of time (8-day windows), or longer periods (e.g. 1 year) in order to capture the cumulative effects of droughts in the state variables. Additionally, InfoSequia quantifies the seasonal trajectories of the cumulative deviation of the observed NDVI in relation with the averaged seasonal trajectory observed over a reference period. Through the weekly bulletins, the Drought Monitoring System InfoSequia aims to provide practical information to stakeholders on the sensitivity and resilience of native ecosystems and rainfed agrosystems during drought periods. Also, the remote sensed indices can be used as drought impact indicator to evaluate the skill of seasonal agricultural drought forecasting systems. InfoSequia is partly funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competiveness through a Torres-Quevedo grant.

  2. Design and Implementation of Remote/Short-range Smart Home Monitoring System Based on ZigBee and STM32

    Yuanxin Lin


    Full Text Available As the continuous development of Internet of Things (IOT, life intelligent gradually. Therefore, home devices of remote/short-range monitoring become the inevitable trend of development. Based on this background, the smart home monitoring system is presented based on the STM32 and ZigBee technology. The system uses a low-power-cost STM32 processor as the main controller and porting of µC/OS-II and µC/GUI on the system is achieved. The system uses a resistive touch screen as the human-computer interaction interface, combined with the ZigBee technology to achieve a short-range monitoring of home devices. The system transplanted and modified the procedures of UIP network protocol. The master controller is connected to the Ethernet and erected a WEB server, achieved the remote monitoring of home devices. And finally give the implementation details of the prototype system and functional testing.

  3. Fiber optic video monitoring system for remote CT/MR scanners clinically accepted

    Tecotzky, Raymond H.; Bazzill, Todd M.; Eldredge, Sandra L.; Tagawa, James; Sayre, James W.


    With the proliferation of CT travel to distant scanners to review images before their patients can be released. We designed a fiber-optic broadband video system to transmit images from seven scanner consoles to fourteen remote monitoring stations in real time. This system has been used clinically by radiologists for over one years. We designed and conducted a user survey to categorize the levels of system use by section (Chest, GI, GU, Bone, Neuro, Peds, etc.), to measure operational utilization and acceptance of the system into the clinical environment, to clarify the system''s importance as a clinical tool for saving radiologists travel-time to distant CT the system''s performance and limitations as a diagnostic tool. The study was administered directly to radiologists using a printed survey form. The results of the survey''s compiled data show a high percentage of system usage by a wide spectrum of radiologists. Clearly, this system has been accepted into the clinical environment as a highly valued diagnostic tool in terms of time savings and functional flexibility.

  4. Development of Remote Monitoring and a Control System Based on PLC and WebAccess for Learning Mechatronics

    Wen-Jye Shyr


    Full Text Available This study develops a novel method for learning mechatronics using remote monitoring and control, based on a programmable logic controller (PLC and WebAccess. A mechatronics module, a Web‐CAM and a PLC were integrated with WebAccess software to organize a remote laboratory. The proposed system enables users to access the Internet for remote monitoring and control of the mechatronics module via a web browser, thereby enhancing work flexibility by enabling personnel to control mechatronics equipment from a remote location. Mechatronics control and long‐distance monitoring were realized by establishing communication between the PLC and WebAccess. Analytical results indicate that the proposed system is feasible. The suitability of this system is demonstrated in the department of industrial education and technology at National Changhua University of Education, Taiwan. Preliminary evaluation of the system was encouraging and has shown that it has achieved success in helping students understand concepts and master remote monitoring and control techniques.


    A. V. Adaskin


    Full Text Available The article describes the technology of remote patient monitoring and the parameters of circulatory assist device AVK-N as well as the advantages of said technology to improve the efficiency of personalized medicine in diagnosis and treatment of patients with AVK-N in the postoperative period. Authors show the capabilities of remote monitoring technology to determine the location of the patient by satellite navigation in the case of emergency call for medical and technical services, and present the structure and modes of the displayed information for mobile devices and Web-server. Doctor-patient interaction based on remote monitoring technology via mobile/ satellite/wired Internet is also shown. 

  6. Distributed System for 3D Remote Monitoring Using KINECT Depth Cameras

    M. Martinez-Zarzuela


    Full Text Available This article describes the design and development ofa system for remote indoor 3D monitoring using an undetermined number of Microsoft® Kinect sensors. In the proposed client-server system, the Kinect cameras can be connected to different computers, addressing this way the hardware limitation of one sensor per USB controller. The reason behind this limitation is the high bandwidth needed by the sensor, which becomes also an issue for the distributed system TCP/IP communications. Since traffic volume is too high, 3D data has to be compressed before it can be sent over the network. The solution consists in self-coding the Kinect data into RGB images and then using a standard multimedia codec to compress color maps. Information from different sources is collected into a central client computer, where point clouds are transformed to reconstruct the scene in 3D. An algorithm is proposed to conveniently merge the skeletons detected locally by each Kinect, so that monitoring of people is robust to self and inter-user occlusions. Final skeletons are labeled and trajectories of every joint can be saved for event reconstruction or further analysis.


    Sharmili Minu.DH


    Full Text Available Health is an important factor of every human being. Remote health monitoring messenger is needed for the people to reduce their inconvenience in travel to hospitals due to ailing health. Ill-patientrequires accurate decision to be taken immediately in critical situations, so that life-protecting and lifesaving therapy can be properly applied. In recent years, sensors are used in each and every fast developing application for designing the miniaturized system which is much easier for people use. A remote health monitoring messenger informs the doctor about the patient condition through wireless media such as Global System for Mobile communication. The system specifically deals with the signal conditioning and data acquisition of heart beat, temperature, and blood pressure of human body. The Heart beat sensor is used to read the patient’s beats per minute (bpm and temperature sensor to measure the body temperature of patient externally and pressure sensor to measure the level of pressure in blood. Signals obtained from sensors are fed into the microcontroller for processing and medicine is prescribed as first aid for patient to control the parameters through visual basic. A message is then sent to the doctor for further actions to be taken for treatment of patient after first aid. The system has a very good response time and it is cost effective.

  8. Wearable dry sensors with bluetooth connection for use in remote patient monitoring systems.

    Gargiulo, Gaetano; Bifulco, Paolo; Cesarelli, Mario; Jin, Craig; McEwan, Alistair; van Schaik, Andre


    Cost reduction has become the primary theme of healthcare reforms globally. More providers are moving towards remote patient monitoring, which reduces the length of hospital stays and frees up their physicians and nurses for acute cases and helps them to tackle staff shortages. Physiological sensors are commonly used in many human specialties e.g. electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes, for monitoring heart signals, and electroencephalogram (EEG) electrodes, for sensing the electrical activity of the brain, are the most well-known applications. Consequently there is a substantial unmet need for physiological sensors that can be simply and easily applied by the patient or primary carer, are comfortable to wear, can accurately sense parameters over long periods of time and can be connected to data recording systems using Bluetooth technology. We have developed a small, battery powered, user customizable portable monitor. This prototype is capable of recording three-axial body acceleration, skin temperature, and has up to four bio analogical front ends. Moreover, it is also able of continuous wireless transmission to any Bluetooth device including a PDA or a cellular phone. The bio-front end can use long-lasting dry electrodes or novel textile electrodes that can be embedded in clothes. The device can be powered by a standard mobile phone which has a Ni-MH 3.6 V battery, to sustain more than seven days continuous functioning when using the Bluetooth Sniff mode to reduce TX power. In this paper, we present some of the evaluation experiments of our wearable personal monitor device with a focus on ECG applications.

  9. Improving Rangeland Monitoring and Assessment: Integrating Remote Sensing, GIS, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems

    Robert Paul Breckenridge


    Creeping environmental changes are impacting some of the largest remaining intact parcels of sagebrush steppe ecosystems in the western United States, creating major problems for land managers. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL), located in southeastern Idaho, is part of the sagebrush steppe ecosystem, one of the largest ecosystems on the continent. Scientists at the INL and the University of Idaho have integrated existing field and remotely sensed data with geographic information systems technology to analyze how recent fires on the INL have influenced the current distribution of terrestrial vegetation. Three vegetation mapping and classification systems were used to evaluate the changes in vegetation caused by fires between 1994 and 2003. Approximately 24% of the sagebrush steppe community on the INL was altered by fire, mostly over a 5-year period. There were notable differences between methods, especially for juniper woodland and grasslands. The Anderson system (Anderson et al. 1996) was superior for representing the landscape because it includes playa/bare ground/disturbed area and sagebrush steppe on lava as vegetation categories. This study found that assessing existing data sets is useful for quantifying fire impacts and should be helpful in future fire and land use planning. The evaluation identified that data from remote sensing technologies is not currently of sufficient quality to assess the percentage of cover. To fill this need, an approach was designed using both helicopter and fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and image processing software to evaluate six cover types on field plots located on the INL. The helicopter UAV provided the best system compared against field sampling, but is more dangerous and has spatial coverage limitations. It was reasonably accurate for dead shrubs and was very good in assessing percentage of bare ground, litter and grasses; accuracy for litter and shrubs is questionable. The fixed wing system proved to be

  10. Several solutions of remote transmission for state monitoring of bridges

    LIANG Zong-bao; CHEN Wei-min; ZHU Yong; FU Yu-mei; XU Mou; YANG Hong


    The research for remote monitoring of bridges is expected to develop methodologies and tools for collecting state data, monitoring the real-time status of the bridge from distance, and more importantly seeking a best way for remote transmission of bridge monitoring system by comparing the characteristics of each scheme. This paper focuses on the solutions to remote transmission for state monitoring of bridges, which deals with the remote transmission system based on PSTN (Public Service Telephone Network), wireless sensor monitoring system and remote transmission using SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy) network. As a result, a combination of wireless sensor monitoring system and the remote sensing system using SDH network is proposed to be the considered way for remote state monitoring of bridges.

  11. The Design and Implementation of the Remote Centralized-Monitoring System of Well-Control Equipment Based on RFID Technique

    Luo Bin


    Full Text Available At present, in domestic for the management of well control equipment continue to the traditional way of nameplates identifies and paper-based registration, there are many issues like the separation of data information of device, easy lose, difficult query, confused management and many other problems, which will make the problem device into the well field, and then resulting in well control runaway drilling accident. To solve the above problems, this paper put forward to the integrated remote centralized-monitoring management mode of the well-control equipment. Taking the advantages of IOT technology, adopting the RFID technology, and combining with the remote transmission, this paper designs the remote centralized-monitoring system of well-control equipment based on RFID, which realizes the intelligent management of well-control equipment and meets the actual demand of the well-control equipment safe use and timely scheduling, and it has the ability of field application.

  12. Home BP monitoring using a telemonitoring system is effective for controlling BP in a remote island in Japan.

    Kaihara, Toshiki; Eguchi, Kazuo; Kario, Kazuomi


    The purpose of this study was to assess whether a home blood pressure (HBP) telemonitoring system could improve BP control and overcome the problems of HBP monitoring in a remote location. The authors enrolled 60 subjects and randomized them to either a Telemonitoring group or a Control group. The outcomes were changes in HBP level, adherence to HBP monitoring, and visual analog scale (VAS; score 0-100) as a measure of the motivation to perform HBP measurements. The reductions in morning systolic BP (-5.5 ± 0.9 mm Hg vs 0.7 ± 0.7 mm Hg, P Telemonitoring group than in the Control group. The measure of the adherence to HBP monitoring tended to be better (P = .064) in the Telemonitoring group than in the Control group. These results indicate that an HBP telemonitoring system would be a beneficial healthcare measure in remote geographical locations. ©2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Remote monitoring of solar PV system for rural areas using GSM, V-F & F-V converters

    Tejwani, R.; Kumar, G.; Solanki, C. S.


    The Small capacity photovoltaic (PV) systems like solar lantern and home lighting systems installed in remote rural area often fail without any prior warning due to lack of monitoring and maintenance. This paper describes implementation of remote monitoring for small capacity solar PV system that uses GSM voice channel for communication. Through GSM analog signal of sine wave with frequency range 300-3500 Hz and amplitude range 2.5-4 V is transmitted. Receiver is designed to work in the same frequency range. The voltage from solar PV system in range of 2 to 7.5 V can be converted to frequency directly at the transmitting end. The frequency range from 300-6000 Hz can be sensed and directly converted to voltage signal at receiving end. Testing of transmission and reception of analog signal through GSM voice channel is done for voltage to frequency (V-F) and frequency to voltage (F-V) conversions.

  14. A remote monitoring system for patients with implantable ventricular assist devices with a personal handy phone system.

    Okamoto, E; Shimanaka, M; Suzuki, S; Baba, K; Mitamura, Y


    The usefulness of a remote monitoring system that uses a personal handy phone for artificial heart implanted patients was investigated. The type of handy phone used in this study was a personal handy phone system (PHS), which is a system developed in Japan that uses the NTT (Nippon Telephone and Telegraph, Inc.) telephone network service. The PHS has several advantages: high-speed data transmission, low power output, little electromagnetic interference with medical devices, and easy locating of patients. In our system, patients have a mobile computer (Toshiba, Libretto 50, Kawasaki, Japan) for data transmission control between an implanted controller and a host computer (NEC, PC-9821V16) in the hospital. Information on the motor rotational angle (8 bits) and motor current (8 bits) of the implanted motor driven heart is fed into the mobile computer from the implanted controller (Hitachi, H8/532, Yokohama, Japan) according to 32-bit command codes from the host computer. Motor current and motor rotational angle data from inside the body are framed together by a control code (frame number and parity) for data error checking and correcting at the receiving site, and the data are sent through the PHS connection to the mobile computer. The host computer calculates pump outflow and arterial pressure from the motor rotational angle and motor current values and displays the data in real-time waveforms. The results of this study showed that accurate data on motor rotational angle and current could be transmitted from the subjects while they were walking or driving a car to the host computer at a data transmission rate of 9600 bps. This system is useful for remote monitoring of patients with an implanted artificial heart.

  15. GTRI Remote Monitoring System: Training and Operational Needs Assessment Analysis Report

    Day, Debra E.; Fox, Sorcha


    The mission of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA's) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) is to identify, secure, recover and facilitate the disposition of vulnerable nuclear and high-risk radioactive materials around the world that pose a threat to the United States and the international community. The GTRI's unique mission to reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological materials located at civilian sites worldwide directly addresses recommendations of the 9/11 Commission1, and is a vital part of the President's National Security Strategy and the Global Initiative. The GTRI Remote Monitoring System (RMS) is a standalone security system that includes radiation and tamper alarms, and CCTV; which can be transmitted securely over the Internet to multiple on-site and off-site locations. Through our experiences during installation of the system at 162 sites, plus feedback received from Alarm Response Training course participants, site input to project teams and analysis of trouble calls; indications were that current system training was lacking and inconsistent. A survey was undertaken to gather information from RMS users across the nation, to evaluate the current level of training and determine what if any improvements needed to be made. Additional questions were focused on the operation of the RMS software. The training survey was initially sent electronically to 245 users at the RMS sites and achieved a 37.6% return rate. Analysis of the resulting data revealed that 34.6% of the respondents had not received training or were unsure if they had, despite the fact that vendor engineers provide training at installation of the system. Any training received was referred to as minimal, and brief, not documented, and nothing in writing. 63.7% of respondents said they were either not at all prepared or only somewhat prepared to use the RMS software required to effectively operate the

  16. Lidar fluorosensor system for remote monitoring phytoplankton blooms in the Swedish marine campaign

    Barbini, Roberto; Colao, Francesco; Fantoni, Roberta; Palucci, Antonio; Ribezzo, Sergio [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Frascati, Rome (Italy); Micheli, Carla [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy)


    The National Agency for New Technologies and the Environments group participated to the ICES/IOC workshop at Kristineberg Marine Research Station (Sweden, 9 - 15 September 1996) with instrumentation suitable to local and remote analysis of phytoplankton. The laser induced fluorescence (LIF) emission of natural communities and cultures has been monitored in vivo allowing to obtain information on the algae species, characterized by different pigments content, and on their photosynthetic activity, the latter differentially measured at different light levels in the presence of a saturating laser pulse. Chemical methods have been used for calibration purposes.

  17. Remote real-time monitoring soil water potential system based on GSM

    Yongming Zhao; Xin Lu; Haijiang Wang


    Aiming at the limitation of traditional measuring soil water potential, the paper presents an information system based GSM to real-time monitor data coming from multiple data sources. The monitoring system, which consisted of monitoring center, GSM transmission channel and data detection terminal, was given. The detection terminal included the measuring station and TS-2 negative pressure meter, which was applied to measure soil water potential. Nowadays the system has been successfully applied to drip irrigation in the cotton field on farm in Xinjiang region. The system provides a feasible technology frame-work for collecting and processing wide geographical distribution data in farmland.

  18. A Web-Based Collaborative System for Remote Monitoring and Analysis of Livestock Farm Odours

    Liu, R.; Pan, L. L.; Yang, S. X.

    Monitoring and analysis of livestock farm environments require collection and management of large amount of data from distributed farms. There is an increasing demand for collaboration among livestock producers, environment agencies and governments. This paper presents a collaborative system for

  19. Human-In-The-Loop Remote Piloted Aerial Systems in the Environmental Monitoring

    Urbahs Aleksandrs


    Full Text Available Paper is related to development of flying robot system. The main objective is to mingle the professional backgrounds in three research directions: development of the aerial vehicle and localization, development of the tele-interaction framework and control system, development of the image fusion system and photogrammetry. Block diagrams give brief description of the systems and sub-systems under the proposed environmental system. Structure of the monitoring UAV adapted for the hand launch given.

  20. Monitoring and remote failure detection of grid-connected PV systems based on satellite observations

    Drews, A.; de Keizer, A.C.; Beyer, H.G.; Lorenz, E.; Betcke, J.W.H.; van Sark, W.G.J.H.M.; Heydenreich, W.; Wiemken, E.; Stettler, S.; Toggweiler, P.; Bofinger, S.; Schneider, M.; Heilscher, G.; Heinemann, D.


    Small grid-connected photovoltaic systems up to 5 kWp are often not monitored because advanced surveillance systems are not economical. Hence, some system failures which lead to partial energy losses stay unnoticed for a long time. Even a failure that results in a larger energy deficit can be diffic

  1. [Construction and analysis of a monitoring system with remote real-time multiple physiological parameters based on cloud computing].

    Zhu, Lingyun; Li, Lianjie; Meng, Chunyan


    There have been problems in the existing multiple physiological parameter real-time monitoring system, such as insufficient server capacity for physiological data storage and analysis so that data consistency can not be guaranteed, poor performance in real-time, and other issues caused by the growing scale of data. We therefore pro posed a new solution which was with multiple physiological parameters and could calculate clustered background data storage and processing based on cloud computing. Through our studies, a batch processing for longitudinal analysis of patients' historical data was introduced. The process included the resource virtualization of IaaS layer for cloud platform, the construction of real-time computing platform of PaaS layer, the reception and analysis of data stream of SaaS layer, and the bottleneck problem of multi-parameter data transmission, etc. The results were to achieve in real-time physiological information transmission, storage and analysis of a large amount of data. The simulation test results showed that the remote multiple physiological parameter monitoring system based on cloud platform had obvious advantages in processing time and load balancing over the traditional server model. This architecture solved the problems including long turnaround time, poor performance of real-time analysis, lack of extensibility and other issues, which exist in the traditional remote medical services. Technical support was provided in order to facilitate a "wearable wireless sensor plus mobile wireless transmission plus cloud computing service" mode moving towards home health monitoring for multiple physiological parameter wireless monitoring.

  2. Information security implementations for remote monitoring

    Nilsen, C.A.


    In September 1993, President Clinton stated the United States would ensure that its fissile material meet the {open_quotes}highest standards of safety, security, and international accountability.{close_quotes} Frequent human inspection of the material could be used to ensure these standards. However, it may be more effective and less expensive to replace these manual inspections with virtual inspections via remote monitoring technologies. A successful implementation of a comprehensive remote monitoring system, however, requires significant attention to a variety of information security issues. In pursuing Project Straight-Line and the follow-on Storage Monitoring System, Sandia National Laboratories developed remote monitoring implementations that can satisfy a variety of information security requirements. Special emphasis was given to developing methods for using the Internet to disseminate the data securely. This paper describes the various information security implementations applied to the Project Straight-Line and the Storage Monitoring System. Also included is a discussion of the security provided by the Windows NT operating system.

  3. Wireless System for Remote Tilt Measurement in Monitoring and Control Applications

    MOGA, D.


    Full Text Available The wireless system for remote measurement of tilt measures the tilt angles of an object with respect to the local g-vector and communicates the measurements toward a mobile device able to display them or to transfer them further to a PC or to a PDA. A low cost implementation solution is presented, with references to both the hardware platform and to the main ideas behind the algorithms present in the software. Higher versatility is achieved through avoidance of the need to calibrate the sensor to the local value of the g acceleration, using algorithms in which this value does not appear in the computation process.

  4. Software Application for Remote Monitoring of Fleets Based on Geographic Information Systems Using Open Source Technologies.

    Jesse Daniel Cano


    Full Text Available Controlling a fleet usually implies to establish means of control of vehicles, to collect the data associated with the routes taken by these vehicles, to interpret and evaluate the meaning of the collected data and to make the appropriate decisions to improve the efficiency in the use of vehicles in an organization. The implementation of this process of fleet management is mainly performed manually and the solutions available on the market are costly because of the payments for licenses, it is also necessary that the people monitoring the fleets are geographically close to them. This paper aims to answer the following questions: How to reduce errors in the management of information resulting from the fleet management process? How to reduce the cost of remote fleet monitoring? To obtain the solution, we propose the use of GPS devices in each vehicle, the GPS device’s information is captured and consistently stored in a data base, then the information is consulted, analyzed and represented on a map. The result is a software application that allows users have fast and reliable information that will enable them to take the necessary decisions in the vehicle fleet they are trying to control at a low cost.

  5. A Novel Framework for Agent-Based Production Remote Monitoring System Design: A Case Study of Injection Machines

    Yun-Yao Chen


    Full Text Available Currently, many injection machine controllers in the market involve PC-based architecture, so engineers can conduct simple and quick operation on the controller via a human-machine interface. However, when there are too many machines in a factory, mining algorithms for multimachines and development of rear-end applications are often trivial and complicated. The operation systems of the machines in factories are different, and different machine models need different transfer protocols for data mining. Therefore, we need to develop different information platforms and machine production information mining systems for cross platform controllers. This research proposed an agent based remote monitoring system for injection machines to solve this problem. The agent-based production remote monitor system framework in this research has the following advantages. (1 It can transmit machine information cross platforms regard of constraints of different operating systems. Controlling frameworks can process data mining and transmission. (2 It can send back machine information actively to the manager without operation of machine operators, mine specific information effectively, and screen unnecessary machine information. (3 It can categorize the required information, filter extra information, and elicit data the user needs.

  6. Embedded ARM System for Volcano Monitoring in Remote Areas: Application to the Active Volcano on Deception Island (Antarctica

    Luis Miguel Peci


    Full Text Available This paper describes the development of a multi-parameter system for monitoring volcanic activity. The system permits the remote access and the connection of several modules in a network. An embedded ARMTM processor has been used, allowing a great flexibility in hardware configuration. The use of a complete Linux solution (DebianTM as Operating System permits a quick, easy application development to control sensors and communications. This provides all the capabilities required and great stability with relatively low energy consumption. The cost of the components and applications development is low since they are widely used in different fields. Sensors and commercial modules have been combined with other self-developed modules. The Modular Volcano Monitoring System (MVMS described has been deployed on the active Deception Island (Antarctica volcano, within the Spanish Antarctic Program, and has proved successful for monitoring the volcano, with proven reliability and efficient operation under extreme conditions. In another context, i.e., the recent volcanic activity on El Hierro Island (Canary Islands in 2011, this technology has been used for the seismic equipment and GPS systems deployed, thus showing its efficiency in the monitoring of a volcanic crisis.

  7. Design and Implementation of a Web-based Greenhouse Remote Monitoring System with Zigbee Protocol and GSM Network

    Abdolhamid Tabatabaeifar


    Full Text Available In modern and big greenhouses, it is necessary to measure several climate parameters to automate and control the greenhouse properly. Monitoring and transmitting by cable may lead to an expensive and stiff measurement system. Since, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN is a distributed system that consists of small-size wireless sensor nodes equipped with radio and one or several sensors; it is a low cost option to build the required monitoring system. In this paper, we introduce and implement an intelligent monitoring system based on WSN by using Xbee modules. The Xbee Series 2 hardware uses a microchip from Ember Networks that enables several different flavors of standards-based ZigBee mesh networking. All gathered information by sensors, are sent to a remote center in form of GPRS packets through a GSM network and viewed by monitoring software. The proposed system has low power consumption, low cost and simple driver circuits. Furthermore, it can support various types of digital and analog sensors.

  8. Embedded ARM system for volcano monitoring in remote areas: application to the active volcano on Deception Island (Antarctica).

    Peci, Luis Miguel; Berrocoso, Manuel; Fernández-Ros, Alberto; García, Alicia; Marrero, José Manuel; Ortiz, Ramón


    This paper describes the development of a multi-parameter system for monitoring volcanic activity. The system permits the remote access and the connection of several modules in a network. An embedded ARM™ processor has been used, allowing a great flexibility in hardware configuration. The use of a complete Linux solution (Debian™) as Operating System permits a quick, easy application development to control sensors and communications. This provides all the capabilities required and great stability with relatively low energy consumption. The cost of the components and applications development is low since they are widely used in different fields. Sensors and commercial modules have been combined with other self-developed modules. The Modular Volcano Monitoring System (MVMS) described has been deployed on the active Deception Island (Antarctica) volcano, within the Spanish Antarctic Program, and has proved successful for monitoring the volcano, with proven reliability and efficient operation under extreme conditions. In another context, i.e., the recent volcanic activity on El Hierro Island (Canary Islands) in 2011, this technology has been used for the seismic equipment and GPS systems deployed, thus showing its efficiency in the monitoring of a volcanic crisis.

  9. Operational benefits obtained by implementing a remote monitoring and control system at CEGAS (Gas Company of Ceara, Brazil)

    Almeida, Rui C.O. [Companhia de Gas do Ceara (CEGAS), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Zamponha, Rogerio S. [SOFTBRASIL, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)


    CEGAS (Gas Company of Ceara) recently implemented an automated remote monitoring and control system at the Natural Gas Stations located within the city of Fortaleza. The main purposes to implement the project were to install a better operational platform, allowing CEGAS to analyze its operational conditions and to measure customer's consumption in real time. The data communication infra-structure chosen was GPRS/GSM, due to it's low deployment cost and coverage availability. The first phase of the project comprised 50 vehicular natural gas stations. The project was successfully installed, and became the 1{sup st} project at this type to run efficiently over a GPRS infra-structure in Brazil for gas monitoring, with reliable control and data communication. This document intends to present the reasons that lead CEGAS to invest in such a system, the technology deployed and the benefits achieved. (author)

  10. A Web-Based Collaborative System for Remote Monitoring and Analysis of Livestock Farm Odours

    Liu, R.; Pan, L. L.; Yang, S. X.


    Monitoring and analysis of livestock farm environments require collection and management of large amount of data from distributed farms. There is an increasing demand for collaboration among livestock producers, environment agencies and governments. This paper presents a collaborative system for mon




    The purpose of this project is to integrate a variety of geographic information systems capabilities and telecommunication technologies for potential use in geographic network and visualization applications. The specific technical goals of the project were to design, develop, and simulate the components of an audio/visual geographic communications system to aid future real-time monitoring, mapping and managing of transport vehicles. The system components of this feasibility study are collectively referred to as a Geographic Visualization and Communications System (GVCS). State-of-the-art techniques will be used and developed to allow both the vehicle operator and network manager to monitor the location and surrounding environment of a transport vehicle during shipment.

  12. The Development of a Remote Sensor System and Decision Support Systems Architecture to Monitor Resistance Development in Transgenic Crops

    Cacas, Joseph; Glaser, John; Copenhaver, Kenneth; May, George; Stephens, Karen


    The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has declared that "significant benefits accrue to growers, the public, and the environment" from the use of transgenic pesticidal crops due to reductions in pesticide usage for crop pest management. Large increases in the global use of transgenic pesticidal crops has reduced the amounts of broad spectrum pesticides used to manage pest populations, improved yield and reduced the environmental impact of crop management. A significant threat to the continued use of this technology is the evolution of resistance in insect pest populations to the insecticidal Bt toxins expressed by the plants. Management of transgenic pesticidal crops with an emphasis on conservation of Bt toxicity in field populations of insect pests is important to the future of sustainable agriculture. A vital component of this transgenic pesticidal crop management is establishing the proof of concept basic understanding, situational awareness, and monitoring and decision support system tools for more than 133650 square kilometers (33 million acres) of bio-engineered corn and cotton for development of insect resistance . Early and recent joint NASA, US EPA and ITD remote imagery flights and ground based field experiments have provided very promising research results that will potentially address future requirements for crop management capabilities.

  13. Design, development, and field demonstration of a remotely deployable water quality monitoring system

    Wallace, J. W.; Lovelady, R. W.; Ferguson, R. L.


    A prototype water quality monitoring system is described which offers almost continuous in situ monitoring. The two-man portable system features: (1) a microprocessor controlled central processing unit which allows preprogrammed sampling schedules and reprogramming in situ; (2) a subsurface unit for multiple depth capability and security from vandalism; (3) an acoustic data link for communications between the subsurface unit and the surface control unit; (4) eight water quality parameter sensors; (5) a nonvolatile magnetic bubble memory which prevents data loss in the event of power interruption; (6) a rechargeable power supply sufficient for 2 weeks of unattended operation; (7) a water sampler which can collect samples for laboratory analysis; (8) data output in direct engineering units on printed tape or through a computer compatible link; (9) internal electronic calibration eliminating external sensor adjustment; and (10) acoustic location and recovery systems. Data obtained in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron are tabulated.

  14. Graphical user interface for a remote medical monitoring system: U.S. Army medic recommendations.

    Kaushik, Sangeeta; Tharion, William J


    We obtained recommendations for a graphical user interface (GUI) design for a new medical monitoring system. Data were obtained from 26 combat-experienced medics. Volunteers were briefed on the medical monitoring system. They then completed a questionnaire on background medical treatment experience, provided drawings on how and what information should be displayed on the GUI screens for use on a personal digital assistant, and participated in focus group sessions with four to seven medics per group to obtain group consensus on what information the GUI screens should contain. Detailed displays on seven screens provide the medical and situational awareness information medics need for triage decisions and for early processing of a casualty. The created GUI screens are a combination of object-based and text-based information using a color-coded system. Medics believed the information displayed with these GUI designs would improve treatment of casualties on the battlefield.

  15. A ZigBee wireless networking for remote sensing applications in hydrological monitoring system

    Weng, Songgan; Zhai, Duo; Yang, Xing; Hu, Xiaodong


    Hydrological monitoring is recognized as one of the most important factors in hydrology. Particularly, investigation of the tempo-spatial variation patterns of water-level and their effect on hydrological research has attracted more and more attention in recent. Because of the limitations in both human costs and existing water-level monitoring devices, however, it is very hard for researchers to collect real-time water-level data from large-scale geographical areas. This paper designs and implements a real-time water-level data monitoring system (MCH) based on ZigBee networking, which explicitly serves as an effective and efficient scientific instrument for domain experts to facilitate the measurement of large-scale and real-time water-level data monitoring. We implement a proof-of-concept prototype of the MCH, which can monitor water-level automatically, real-timely and accurately with low cost and low power consumption. The preliminary laboratory results and analyses demonstrate the feasibility and the efficacy of the MCH.

  16. Monitoring Effects of Climatic stresses on a Papyrus Wetland System in Eastern Uganda Using Times Series of Remotely Sensed Data

    Kayendeke, Ellen; French, Helen K.; Kansiime, Frank; Bamutaze, Yazidhi


    Papyrus wetlands predominant in southern, central and eastern Africa; are important in supporting community livelihoods since they provide land for agriculture, materials for building and craft making, as well as services of water purification and water storage. Papyrus wetlands are dominated by a sedge Cyperus papyrus, which is rooted at wetland edges but floats in open water with the help of a root mat composed of intermingled roots and rhizomes. The hypothesis is that the papyrus mat structure reduces flow velocity and increases storage volume during storm events, which not only helps to mitigate flood events but aids in storage of excess water that can be utilised during the dry seasons. However, due to sparse gauging there is inadequate meteorological and hydrological data for continuous monitoring of the hydrological functioning of papyrus systems. The objective of this study was to assess the potential of utilising freely available remote sensing data (MODIS, Landsat, and Sentinel-1) for cost effective monitoring of papyrus wetland systems, and their response to climatic stresses. This was done through segmentation of MODIS NDVI and Landsat derived NDWI datasets; as well as classification of Sentinel-1 images taken in wet and dry seasons of 2015 and 2016. The classified maps were used as proxies for changes in hydrological conditions with time. The preliminary results show that it is possible to monitor changes in biomass, wetland inundation extent, flooded areas, as well as changes in moisture content in surrounding agricultural areas in the different seasons. Therefore, we propose that remote sensing data, when complemented with available meteorological data, is a useful resource for monitoring changes in the papyrus wetland systems as a result of climatic and human induced stresses.

  17. Farm Management Support on Cloud Computing Platform: A System for Cropland Monitoring Using Multi-Source Remotely Sensed Data

    Coburn, C. A.; Qin, Y.; Zhang, J.; Staenz, K.


    Food security is one of the most pressing issues facing humankind. Recent estimates predict that over one billion people don't have enough food to meet their basic nutritional needs. The ability of remote sensing tools to monitor and model crop production and predict crop yield is essential for providing governments and farmers with vital information to ensure food security. Google Earth Engine (GEE) is a cloud computing platform, which integrates storage and processing algorithms for massive remotely sensed imagery and vector data sets. By providing the capabilities of storing and analyzing the data sets, it provides an ideal platform for the development of advanced analytic tools for extracting key variables used in regional and national food security systems. With the high performance computing and storing capabilities of GEE, a cloud-computing based system for near real-time crop land monitoring was developed using multi-source remotely sensed data over large areas. The system is able to process and visualize the MODIS time series NDVI profile in conjunction with Landsat 8 image segmentation for crop monitoring. With multi-temporal Landsat 8 imagery, the crop fields are extracted using the image segmentation algorithm developed by Baatz et al.[1]. The MODIS time series NDVI data are modeled by TIMESAT [2], a software package developed for analyzing time series of satellite data. The seasonality of MODIS time series data, for example, the start date of the growing season, length of growing season, and NDVI peak at a field-level are obtained for evaluating the crop-growth conditions. The system fuses MODIS time series NDVI data and Landsat 8 imagery to provide information of near real-time crop-growth conditions through the visualization of MODIS NDVI time series and comparison of multi-year NDVI profiles. Stakeholders, i.e., farmers and government officers, are able to obtain crop-growth information at crop-field level online. This unique utilization of GEE in

  18. Testing integrated sensors for cooperative remote monitoring

    Filby, E.E.; Smith, T.E.; Albano, R.K.; Andersen, M.K. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Lucero, R.L.; Tolk, K.M.; Andrews, N.S. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    The Modular Integrated Monitoring System (MIMS) program, with Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) as the lead lab, was devised to furnish sensors and integrated multi-sensor systems for cooperative remote monitoring. The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), via the Center for Integrated Monitoring and Control (CIMC), provides realistic field tests of the sensors and sensor-integration approach for the MIMS, and for other similar programs. This has two important goals: it helps insure that these systems are truly read for use, and provides a platform so they can be demonstrated for potential users. A remote monitoring test/demonstration has been initiated at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) to track the movement of spent nuclear fuel from one storage location to another, using a straddle carrier and shielded cask combination. Radiation monitors, motion sensors, videocameras, and other devices from several US Department of Energy (DOE) labs and commercial vendors were linked on the network. Currently, project personnel are collecting raw data from this large array of sensors, without trying to program any special network activities or other responses. These data will be used to determine which devices can actually provide useful information for a cooperative monitoring situation, versus those that may be redundant.

  19. Technology of remote monitoring for nuclear activity monitoring

    Kwack, Ehn Ho; Kim, Jong Soo; Yoon, Wan Ki; Park, Sung Sik; Na, Won Woo; An, Jin Soo; Cha, Hong Ryul; Kim, Jung Soo


    In a view of safeguards monitoring at nuclear facilities, the monitoring is changing to remote method so that this report is described to remote monitoring(RM) applying on commercial NPP in Korea. To enhance IAEA safeguards efficiency and effectiveness, IAEA is taking into account of remote monitoring system(RMS) and testing as a field trial. IRMP(International Remote Monitoring Project) in participating many nations for development of RMS is proceeding their project such as technical exchange and research etc. In case of our country are carrying out the research relevant RM since acceptance RMS at 7th ROK-IAEA safeguards implementation review meeting. With a view to enhancement the RMS, installation location and element technology of the RM equipment are evaluated in a view of safeguards in Korea LWRs, and proposed a procedure for national inspection application through remote data evaluation from Younggwang-3 NPP. These results are large valuable to use of national inspection at time point extending installation to all Korea PWR NPP. In case of CANDU, neutron, gamma measurement and basic concept of network using optical fiber scintillating detector as remote verification method for dry storage canister are described. Also RM basic design of spent fuel transfer campaign is described that unattended RM without inspector instead of performing in participating together with IAEA and national inspector. The transfer campaign means the spent fuel storage pond to dry storage canister for about two months every year. Therefore, positively participation of IAEA strength safeguards project will be increased transparency for our nuclear activity as well as contributed to national relevant industry.

  20. Research on Remote Video Monitoring System Used for Numerical Control Machine Tools Based on Embedded Technology

    LIU Quan; QU Xuehong; ZHOU Henglin; LONG Yihong


    This paper designed an embedded video monitoring system using DSP(Digital Signal Processing) and ARM(Advanced RISC Machine). This system is an important part of self-service operation of numerical control machine tools. At first the analog input signals from the CCD(Charge Coupled Device) camera are transformed into digital signals, and then output to the DSP system, where the video sequence is encoded according to the new generation image compressing standard called H.264. The code will be transmitted to the ARM system through xBus, and then be packed in the ARM system and transmitted to the client port through the gateway. Web technology, embedded technology and image compressing as well as coding technology are integrated in the system, which can be widely used in self-service operation of numerical control machine tools and intelligent robot control areas.

  1. Wireless remote monitoring of critical facilities

    Tsai, Hanchung; Anderson, John T.; Liu, Yung Y.


    A method, apparatus, and system are provided for monitoring environment parameters of critical facilities. A Remote Area Modular Monitoring (RAMM) apparatus is provided for monitoring environment parameters of critical facilities. The RAMM apparatus includes a battery power supply and a central processor. The RAMM apparatus includes a plurality of sensors monitoring the associated environment parameters and at least one communication module for transmitting one or more monitored environment parameters. The RAMM apparatus is powered by the battery power supply, controlled by the central processor operating a wireless sensor network (WSN) platform when the facility condition is disrupted. The RAMM apparatus includes a housing prepositioned at a strategic location, for example, where a dangerous build-up of contamination and radiation may preclude subsequent manned entrance and surveillance.

  2. AT89S52 Microcontroller Based Remote Room Monitoring System Using Passive Infrared Sensor

    Albert Gifson


    Full Text Available This research describes about the design of the room detection system using a Passive Infrared sensors (PIR controlled by Microcontroller AT89S52 for remote control application. The output of the PIR is a low logic when it captures the heat waves of the human body. The output PIR is connected to the port 1.7 on Microcontroller in high logic. The maximum distance is 5 meters for the sensor to detect an object. When there is a signal sent by PIR, the Microcontroller processes the data and activates the buzzer to beep and the stepper motor to stop. Microcontroller also sends data through the RS-232 that continues a signal to the personal mobile phone. In order that the message is able to be sent, then first, messages must be programmed and stored in the Microcontroller AT89S52. The average message delivery time is 8.8 seconds. The recipient can turn the alarm of system on or off by a missed call.

  3. Pollen Bearing Honey Bee Detection in Hive Entrance Video Recorded by Remote Embedded System for Pollination Monitoring

    Babic, Z.; Pilipovic, R.; Risojevic, V.; Mirjanic, G.


    Honey bees have crucial role in pollination across the world. This paper presents a simple, non-invasive, system for pollen bearing honey bee detection in surveillance video obtained at the entrance of a hive. The proposed system can be used as a part of a more complex system for tracking and counting of honey bees with remote pollination monitoring as a final goal. The proposed method is executed in real time on embedded systems co-located with a hive. Background subtraction, color segmentation and morphology methods are used for segmentation of honey bees. Classification in two classes, pollen bearing honey bees and honey bees that do not have pollen load, is performed using nearest mean classifier, with a simple descriptor consisting of color variance and eccentricity features. On in-house data set we achieved correct classification rate of 88.7% with 50 training images per class. We show that the obtained classification results are not far behind from the results of state-of-the-art image classification methods. That favors the proposed method, particularly having in mind that real time video transmission to remote high performance computing workstation is still an issue, and transfer of obtained parameters of pollination process is much easier.

  4. Wearable Sensors for Remote Health Monitoring.

    Majumder, Sumit; Mondal, Tapas; Deen, M Jamal


    Life expectancy in most countries has been increasing continually over the several few decades thanks to significant improvements in medicine, public health, as well as personal and environmental hygiene. However, increased life expectancy combined with falling birth rates are expected to engender a large aging demographic in the near future that would impose significant  burdens on the socio-economic structure of these countries. Therefore, it is essential to develop cost-effective, easy-to-use systems for the sake of elderly healthcare and well-being. Remote health monitoring, based on non-invasive and wearable sensors, actuators and modern communication and information technologies offers an efficient and cost-effective solution that allows the elderly to continue to live in their comfortable home environment instead of expensive healthcare facilities. These systems will also allow healthcare personnel to monitor important physiological signs of their patients in real time, assess health conditions and provide feedback from distant facilities. In this paper, we have presented and compared several low-cost and non-invasive health and activity monitoring systems that were reported in recent years. A survey on textile-based sensors that can potentially be used in wearable systems is also presented. Finally, compatibility of several communication technologies as well as future perspectives and research challenges in remote monitoring systems will be discussed.

  5. Wearable Sensors for Remote Health Monitoring

    Sumit Majumder


    Full Text Available Life expectancy in most countries has been increasing continually over the several few decades thanks to significant improvements in medicine, public health, as well as personal and environmental hygiene. However, increased life expectancy combined with falling birth rates are expected to engender a large aging demographic in the near future that would impose significant  burdens on the socio-economic structure of these countries. Therefore, it is essential to develop cost-effective, easy-to-use systems for the sake of elderly healthcare and well-being. Remote health monitoring, based on non-invasive and wearable sensors, actuators and modern communication and information technologies offers an efficient and cost-effective solution that allows the elderly to continue to live in their comfortable home environment instead of expensive healthcare facilities. These systems will also allow healthcare personnel to monitor important physiological signs of their patients in real time, assess health conditions and provide feedback from distant facilities. In this paper, we have presented and compared several low-cost and non-invasive health and activity monitoring systems that were reported in recent years. A survey on textile-based sensors that can potentially be used in wearable systems is also presented. Finally, compatibility of several communication technologies as well as future perspectives and research challenges in remote monitoring systems will be discussed.

  6. Wearable Sensors for Remote Health Monitoring

    Majumder, Sumit; Mondal, Tapas; Deen, M. Jamal


    Life expectancy in most countries has been increasing continually over the several few decades thanks to significant improvements in medicine, public health, as well as personal and environmental hygiene. However, increased life expectancy combined with falling birth rates are expected to engender a large aging demographic in the near future that would impose significant  burdens on the socio-economic structure of these countries. Therefore, it is essential to develop cost-effective, easy-to-use systems for the sake of elderly healthcare and well-being. Remote health monitoring, based on non-invasive and wearable sensors, actuators and modern communication and information technologies offers an efficient and cost-effective solution that allows the elderly to continue to live in their comfortable home environment instead of expensive healthcare facilities. These systems will also allow healthcare personnel to monitor important physiological signs of their patients in real time, assess health conditions and provide feedback from distant facilities. In this paper, we have presented and compared several low-cost and non-invasive health and activity monitoring systems that were reported in recent years. A survey on textile-based sensors that can potentially be used in wearable systems is also presented. Finally, compatibility of several communication technologies as well as future perspectives and research challenges in remote monitoring systems will be discussed. PMID:28085085

  7. Cooperative Remote Monitoring, Arms control and nonproliferation technologies: Fourth quarter 1995

    Alonzo, G M [ed.


    The DOE`s Cooperative Remote Monitoring programs integrate elements from research and development and implementation to achieve DOE`s objectives in arms control and nonproliferation. The contents of this issue are: cooperative remote monitoring--trends in arms control and nonproliferation; Modular Integrated Monitoring System (MIMS); Authenticated Tracking and Monitoring Systems (ATMS); Tracking and Nuclear Materials by Wide-Area Nuclear Detection (WAND); Cooperative Monitoring Center; the International Remote Monitoring Project; international US and IAEA remote monitoring field trials; Project Dustcloud: monitoring the test stands in Iraq; bilateral remote monitoring: Kurchatov-Argonne-West Demonstration; INSENS Sensor System Project.

  8. Mobile phone-based remote patient monitoring system for management of hypertension in diabetic patients.

    Logan, Alexander G; McIsaac, Warren J; Tisler, Andras; Irvine, M Jane; Saunders, Allison; Dunai, Andrea; Rizo, Carlos A; Feig, Denice S; Hamill, Melinda; Trudel, Mathieu; Cafazzo, Joseph A


    Rising concern over the poor level of blood-pressure (BP) control among hypertensive patients has prompted searches for novel ways of managing hypertension. The objectives of this study were to develop and pilot-test a home BP tele-management system that actively engages patients in the process of care. Phase 1 involved a series of focus-group meetings with patients and primary care providers to guide the system's development. In Phase 2, 33 diabetic patients with uncontrolled ambulatory hypertension were enrolled in a 4-month pilot study, using a before-and-after design to assess its effectiveness in lowering BP, its acceptability to users, and the reliability of home BP measurements. The system, developed using commodity hardware, comprised a Bluetooth-enabled home BP monitor, a mobile phone to receive and transmit data, a central server for data processing, a fax-back system to send physicians' reports, and a BP alerting system. In the pilot study, 24-h ambulatory BP fell by 11/5 (+/-13/7 SD) mm Hg (both P < .001), and BP control improved significantly. Substantially more home readings were received by the server than expected, based on the preset monitoring schedule. Of 42 BP alerts sent to patients, almost half (n = 20) were due to low BP. Physicians received no critical BP alerts. Patients perceived the system as acceptable and effective. The encouraging results of this study provide a strong rationale for a long-term, randomized, clinical trial to determine whether this home BP tele-management system improves BP control in the community among patients with uncontrolled hypertension.

  9. Remote Systems Design & Deployment

    Bailey, Sharon A.; Baker, Carl P.; Valdez, Patrick LJ


    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked by Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) to provide information and lessons learned relating to the design, development and deployment of remote systems, particularly remote arm/manipulator systems. This report reflects PNNL’s experience with remote systems and lays out the most important activities that need to be completed to successfully design, build, deploy and operate remote systems in radioactive and chemically contaminated environments. It also contains lessons learned from PNNL’s work experiences, and the work of others in the national laboratory complex.

  10. Monitoring and remote failure detection of grid-connected PV systems based on satellite observations

    Drews, A.; Lorenz, E.; Betcke, J.; Heinemann, D. [Oldenburg University, Institute of Physics, Carl-von-Ossietzky-Str. 9-11, 26129 Oldenburg (Germany); de Keizer, A.C.; van Sark, W.G.J.H.M. [University of Utrecht, Copernicus Institute, Department of Science, Technology, and Society, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CH Utrecht (Netherlands); Beyer, H.G. [University of Applied Sciences Magdeburg-Stendal (FH), Institute of Electrical Engineering, Breitscheidstr. 2, 39114 Magdeburg (Germany); Heydenreich, W.; Wiemken, E. [Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Heidenhofstr. 2, 79110 Freiburg (Germany); Stettler, S.; Toggweiler, P. [Enecolo AG, Lindhofstr. 52, 8617 Moenchaltorf (Switzerland); Bofinger, S.; Schneider, M.; Heilscher, G. [Meteocontrol GmbH, Spicherer Strasse 48, 86157 Augsburg (Germany)


    Small grid-connected photovoltaic systems up to 5 kW{sub p} are often not monitored because advanced surveillance systems are not economical. Hence, some system failures which lead to partial energy losses stay unnoticed for a long time. Even a failure that results in a larger energy deficit can be difficult to detect by PV laymen due to the fluctuating energy yields. Within the EU project PVSAT-2, a fully automated performance check has been developed to assure maximum energy yields and to optimize system maintenance for small grid-connected PV systems. The aim is the early detection of system malfunctions and changing operating conditions to prevent energy and subsequent financial losses for the operator. The developed procedure is based on satellite-derived solar irradiance information that replaces on-site measurements. In conjunction with a simulation model the expected energy yield of a PV system is calculated. In case of the occurrence of a defined difference between the simulated and actual energy yield, an automated failure detection routine searches for the most probable failure sources and notifies the operator. This paper describes the individual components of the developed procedure - the satellite-derived irradiance, the used PV simulation model, and the principles of the automated failure detection routine. Moreover, it presents results of an 8-months test phase with 100 PV systems in three European countries. (author)

  11. The Autonomous Stress Indicator for Remotely Monitoring Power System State and Watching for Potential Instability

    Geza Joos


    Full Text Available The proposed Autonomous Stress Indicator (ASI is a device that monitors the contents of the protection relays on a suspect weak power system bus and generates a performance level related to the degree of system performance degradation or instability. This gives the system operators some time (minutes to take corrective action. In a given operating area there would not likely be a need for an ASI on every bus. Note that the ASI does not trip any breakers; it is an INFORMATION ONLY device. An important feature is that the system operator can subsequently interrogate the ASI to determine the factor(s that led to the performance level that has been initially annunciated, thereby leading to a course of action. This paper traces the development of the ASI which is an ongoing project. The ASI could be also described as a stress-alert device whose function is to alert the System Operator of a stressful condition at its location. The characteristics (or essential qualities of this device are autonomy, selectivity, accuracy and intelligence. These will fulfill the requirements of the recommendation of the Canada –US Task Force in the August 2003 system collapse. Preliminary tests on the IEEE 39-bus model indicate that the concept has merit and development work is in progress. While the ASI can be applied to all power system operating conditions, its principal application is to the degraded state of the system where the System Operator must act to restore the system to the secure state before it migrates to a stage of collapse. The work of ASI actually begins with the Areas of Vulnerability and ends with the Predictive Module as described in detail in this paper. An application example of a degraded system using the IEEE 39-bus system is included.

  12. Sub-bandage sensing system for remote monitoring of chronic wounds in healthcare

    Hariz, Alex; Mehmood, Nasir; Voelcker, Nico


    Chronic wounds, such as venous leg ulcers, can be monitored non-invasively by using modern sensing devices and wireless technologies. The development of such wireless diagnostic tools may improve chronic wound management by providing evidence on efficacy of treatments being provided. In this paper we present a low-power portable telemetric system for wound condition sensing and monitoring. The system aims at measuring and transmitting real-time information of wound-site temperature, sub-bandage pressure and moisture level from within the wound dressing. The system comprises commercially available non-invasive temperature, moisture, and pressure sensors, which are interfaced with a telemetry device on a flexible 0.15 mm thick printed circuit material, making up a lightweight biocompatible sensing device. The real-time data obtained is transmitted wirelessly to a portable receiver which displays the measured values. The performance of the whole telemetric sensing system is validated on a mannequin leg using commercial compression bandages and dressings. A number of trials on a healthy human volunteer are performed where treatment conditions were emulated using various compression bandage configurations. A reliable and repeatable performance of the system is achieved under compression bandage and with minimal discomfort to the volunteer. The system is capable of reporting instantaneous changes in bandage pressure, moisture level and local temperature at wound site with average measurement resolutions of 0.5 mmHg, 3.0 %RH, and 0.2 °C respectively. Effective range of data transmission is 4-5 m in an open environment.

  13. Remote health monitoring with wearable non-invasive mobile system: The HealthWear project.

    Paradiso, R; Alonso, A; Cianflone, D; Milsis, A; Vavouras, T; Malliopoulos, C


    This paper focuses on the technical solutions enabling the monitoring of health conditions by means of ECG, HR, oxygen saturation, impedance pneumography and activity patterns. The Healthwear service is based on the Wealthy prototype system. A new design has been made to increase comfort in wearing of the system during daily patient activities. The cloth is connected to a patient portable electronic unit (PPU) that acquires and elaborates the signals from the sensors. The PPU transmits the signal to a central processing site through the use of GPRS wireless technology. This service is applied to three distinct clinical contexts: rehabilitation of cardiac patients, following an acute event; early discharge program in chronic respiration patients; promotion of physical activity in ambulatory stable cardio-respiratory patients.

  14. Bi-Fi: an embedded sensor/system architecture for REMOTE biological monitoring.

    Farshchi, Shahin; Pesterev, Aleksey; Nuyujukian, Paul H; Mody, Istvan; Judy, Jack W


    Wireless-enabled processor modules intended for communicating low-frequency phenomena (i.e., temperature, humidity, and ambient light) have been enabled to acquire and transmit multiple biological signals in real time, which has been achieved by using computationally efficient data acquisition, filtering, and compression algorithms, and interfacing the modules with biological interface hardware. The sensor modules can acquire and transmit raw biological signals at a rate of 32 kb/s, which is near the hardware limit of the modules. Furthermore, onboard signal processing enables one channel, sampled at a rate of 4000 samples/s at 12-bit resolution, to be compressed via adaptive differential-pulse-code modulation (ADPCM) and transmitted in real time. In addition, the sensors can be configured to filter and transmit individual time-referenced "spike" waveforms, or to transmit the spike height and width for alleviating network traffic and increasing battery life. The system is capable of acquiring eight channels of analog signals as well as data via an asynchronous serial connection. A back-end server archives the biological data received via networked gateway sensors, and hosts them to a client application that enables users to browse recorded data. The system also acquires, filters, and transmits oxygen saturation and pulse rate via a commercial-off-the-shelf interface board. The system architecture can be configured for performing real-time nonobtrusive biological monitoring of humans or rodents. This paper demonstrates that low-power, computational, and bandwidth-constrained wireless-enabled platforms can indeed be leveraged for wireless biosignal monitoring.

  15. Remote monitoring of pipeline operations

    Bost, R.C. [ERM-Southwest, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); White, D. [Glenrose Systems, Austin, TX (United States)


    The demands for monitoring of pipeline operations have recently increased greatly due to new regulatory requirements. Most companies rely upon conventional System Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system architecture to meet their needs. Current systems are often plagued by limited data conversion and processing capacity at the workstations. A state-of-the-art Data Acquisition Node (DAN) that relieves the workstation of much of its workload is described in this paper. Use of this DAN may eliminate the need for installing completely new systems. It facilitates marrying foreign devices to existing operation monitoring systems to satisfy new regulatory requirements. The DAN allows a system to utilize commercial communications satellites or other communication networks and real-time, object oriented programming and different devices and data requirements without the necessity of custom software development.

  16. Analysis system and remote monitoring of atmospheric discharges; Sistema de analisis y monitoreo remoto de descargas atmosfericas

    Zabre Borgaro, Eric; Rodriguez Padilla, Ma. Consuelo [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)


    A system for analysis and monitoring of atmospheric discharges (SAMDA (Sistema de Analisis y Monitoreo de Descargas Atmosfericas) (lightnings)) in an electronic device that subsequently transmits these data as automatic processing or by request of a user from a computer operating as a remote station, is described. Also, the characteristics of the SAMDA, its evolution, and the challenges encountered along the development of this project and comments on possible improvements to the equipment and data recordings of this nature, are described. [Espanol] Se presenta el sistema de analisis y monitoreo de descargas atmosfericas (SAMDA) utilizado en la deteccion y registro de descargas atmosfericas (rayos) en un equipo electronico que posteriormente transmite estos datos como procesamiento automatico o por peticion de un usuario desde una computadora, operando como estacion remota. Asimismo, se describen las caracteristicas del SAMDA, su evolucion, los retos encontrados a lo largo del desarrollo de este proyecto y comentarios sobre posibles mejoras a equipos y registros de datos de esta naturaleza.

  17. Remote Monitoring System for Air Quality%远程空气质量监测系统设计

    李庆; 张娅


    为满足对城市空气质量的实时监测,设计了基于GPRS通信的远程空气质量监测系统.系统终端节点利用电化学空气传感器和MSP430F149单片机分别完成对气体浓度的检测和数据处理,然后将数据经GPRS通信模块送至中心服务器.中心服务器建立了数据库存储数据,并配置了专用软件完成查询、统计和绘图等操作.系统采用模块化设计,使用方便灵活.%To realize the real-time monitoring of city air quality, a remote monitoring system has been designed based on GPRS communications. The terminal node of this system using electrochemical sensors and MSP430F149 microprocessor to realize detection of gas saturation and data processing. Then the processed data was sent to a server central by adopting GPRS wireless module and stored in a database and complete the query,statistics and mapping and other operations by a specially designed software. This system that constituted with independent modules can be used flexibly.

  18. The remote monitoring system based on GSM/GPS%基于GSM/GPS远程监护系统

    任鹏; 邓蕾; 曾维; 宋东; 窦强


    系统以MSP430F149作为主控制器,应用SIM908模块通过GPS和GSM实现对目标的远测监护。通过使用手机发送短信命令控制其定位返回定位信息给,利用百度地图API可以直观地监测目标所处位置,同时也可以拨号接通该系统,监听目标周围环境声音信息;系统中设置有报警装置,激活时会自动给发送报警信息;系统通过GPRS周期性地上传GPS信息到云端数据库,实现移动轨迹记录。系统小型化设计后可以随身携带,防止儿童、老人和宠物走失的发生。%The system uses MSP430F149 as the main control er,using SIM908 module of remote measuring monitoring target through GPS and GSM implementation.Through the use of mobile phones to send text messages to control the positioning command returns the location information to the API,using Baidu maps can be visual y monitoring target position, also can dial switch on the system,the environment around the target sound information monitoring;system is arranged in the alarm device,when activated wil automatical y send alarm information system through the GPRS periodical y;GPS upload information to the cloud database,realize the mobile track record.Can carry on system miniaturization design,prevent the occurrence of children,the elderly and pet missing.

  19. Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) for high resolution topography and monitoring: civil protection purposes on hydrogeological contexts

    Bertacchini, Eleonora; Castagnetti, Cristina; Corsini, Alessandro; De Cono, Stefano


    The proposed work concerns the analysis of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), also known as drones, UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) or UAS (Unmanned Aerial System), on hydrogeological contexts for civil protection purposes, underlying the advantages of using a flexible and relatively low cost system. The capabilities of photogrammetric RPAS multi-sensors platform were examined in term of mapping, creation of orthophotos, 3D models generation, data integration into a 3D GIS (Geographic Information System) and validation through independent techniques such as GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System). The RPAS used (multirotor OktoXL, of the Mikrokopter) was equipped with a GPS (Global Positioning System) receiver, digital cameras for photos and videos, an inertial navigation system, a radio device for communication and telemetry, etc. This innovative way of viewing and understanding the environment showed huge potentialities for the study of the territory, and due to its characteristics could be well integrated with aircraft surveys. However, such characteristics seem to give priority to local applications for rigorous and accurate analysis, while it remains a means of expeditious investigation for more extended areas. According to civil protection purposes, the experimentation was carried out by simulating operational protocols, for example for inspection, surveillance, monitoring, land mapping, georeferencing methods (with or without Ground Control Points - GCP) based on high resolution topography (2D and 3D information).


    Reecha Ranjan Singh , Sangeeta Agrawal , Saurabh Kapoor ,S. Sharma


    Full Text Available A modern world contains varieties of electronic equipment and systems like: TV, security system, Hi-fi equipment, central heating systems, fire alarm systems, security alarm systems, lighting systems, SET Top Box, AC (Air Conditioner etc., we need to handle, ON/OFF or monitor these electrical devices remotely or to communicate with these but, if you are not at the home or that place and you want to communicate with these device. So the new technology for handled these devices remotely and for communication to required the GSM, mobile technology, SMS (short message service and some hardware resources. SMS based remote control for home appliances is beneficial for the human generation, because mobile is most recently used technology nowadays.

  1. REMOTE, a Wireless Sensor Network Based System to Monitor Rowing Performance

    Jordi Llosa


    Full Text Available In this paper, we take a hard look at the performance of REMOTE, a sensor network based application that provides a detailed picture of a boat movement, individual rower performance, or his/her performance compared with other crew members. The application analyzes data gathered with a WSN strategically deployed over a boat to obtain information on the boat and oar movements. Functionalities of REMOTE are compared to those of RowX [1] outdoor instrument, a commercial wired sensor instrument designed for similar purposes. This study demonstrates that with smart geometrical configuration of the sensors, rotation and translation of the oars and boat can be obtained. Three different tests are performed: laboratory calibration allows us to become familiar with the accelerometer readings and validate the theory, ergometer tests which help us to set the acquisition parameters, and on boat tests shows the application potential of this technologies in sports.

  2. Environmental Assessment and Monitoring with ICAMS (Image Characterization and Modeling System) Using Multiscale Remote-Sensing Data

    Lam, N.; Qiu, H.-I.; Quattrochi, Dale A.; Zhao, Wei


    With the rapid increase in spatial data, especially in the NASA-EOS (Earth Observing System) era, it is necessary to develop efficient and innovative tools to handle and analyze these data so that environmental conditions can be assessed and monitored. A main difficulty facing geographers and environmental scientists in environmental assessment and measurement is that spatial analytical tools are not easily accessible. We have recently developed a remote sensing/GIS software module called Image Characterization and Modeling System (ICAMS) to provide specialized spatial analytical tools for the measurement and characterization of satellite and other forms of spatial data. ICAMS runs on both the Intergraph-MGE and Arc/info UNIX and Windows-NT platforms. The main techniques in ICAMS include fractal measurement methods, variogram analysis, spatial autocorrelation statistics, textural measures, aggregation techniques, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and delineation of land/water and vegetated/non-vegetated boundaries. In this paper, we demonstrate the main applications of ICAMS on the Intergraph-MGE platform using Landsat Thematic Mapper images from the city of Lake Charles, Louisiana. While the utilities of ICAMS' spatial measurement methods (e.g., fractal indices) in assessing environmental conditions remain to be researched, making the software available to a wider scientific community can permit the techniques in ICAMS to be evaluated and used for a diversity of applications. The findings from these various studies should lead to improved algorithms and more reliable models for environmental assessment and monitoring.

  3. On-water remote monitoring robotic system for estimating the patch coverage of Anabaena sp. filaments in shallow water.

    Romero-Vivas, E; Von Borstel, F D; Pérez-Estrada, C J; Torres-Ariño, D; Villa-Medina, J F; Gutiérrez, J


    An on-water remote monitoring robotic system was developed for indirectly estimating the relative density of marine cyanobacteria blooms at the subtidal sandy-rocky beach in Balandra Cove, Baja California Sur, Mexico. The system is based on an unmanned surface vehicle to gather underwater videos of the seafloor for avoiding physical damage on Anabaena sp. cyanobacteria colonies, which grow in tufts of filaments weakly attached to rocks, seagrass, and macroalgae. An on-axis image stabilization mechanism was developed to support a camcorder and minimize wave perturbation while recording underwater digital images of the seafloor. Color image processing algorithms were applied to estimate the patch coverage area and density, since Anabaena sp. filaments exhibit a characteristic green tone. Results of field tests showed the feasibility of the robotic system to estimate the relative density, distribution, and coverage area of cyanobacteria blooms, preventing the possible impact of direct observation. The robotic system could also be used in surveys of other benthos in the sublittoral zone.

  4. Towards remote monitoring and remotely supervised training

    Bussmann, J.B.J; Hermens, Hermanus J.; Horemans, H.L.D.; Hurkmans, H.L.P.


    The growing number of elderly and people with chronic disorders in our western society puts such pressure on our healthcare system that innovative approaches are demanded to make our health care more effective and more efficient. One way of innovation of healthcare can be obtained by introducing new

  5. Towards remote monitoring and remotely supervised training

    Hermens, Hermanus J.; Vollenbroek-Hutten, Miriam Marie Rosé


    The growing number of elderly and people with chronic disorders in our western society puts such a pressure on our healthcare system that innovative approaches are required to make our health care more effective and more efficient. One way of innovating healthcare can be obtained by introducing new

  6. Design of a boiler temperature remote monitoring system%炉温远程监控系统的设计

    马正华; 王顺先; 周炯如


      In order to realize the remote monitoring of boiler temperature, we propose the use of Linux OS and ARM (S3C6410) processor to build the hardware and software platform for the system. To complete the measurement of temperature for the controlled objects, the system employs a thermocouple and DS18B20 to collect temperature signals and uses the A/D converter integrated by a microprocessor to carry out A/D conversion. The system adopts a temperature control algorithm based on fuzzy PID to achieve an ideal temperature control, combines the Wi-Fi and TCP/IPprotocol embedded in Linux OS to realize the network connection, and employs the Wi-Fi function of Android mobile phone to monitor the temperature of the boiler at the remote terminal. Through the test and analysis of keymodules,thesystemisproventobestableandreliable, andcanrealizetheremotemonitoringofboilertemperature.%  为了实现对温度远程监控,提出用Linux操作系统和ARM(S3C6410)处理器搭建系统的软硬件平台。采用热电偶和DS18B20数字温度传感器采集温度信号,由处理器集成的A/D转换器进行模数转化,完成被控对象的温度测量。采用基于模糊PID温控算法进行温度控制,结合Wi-Fi技术和Linux自带的TCP/IP协议实现网络连接,在远程端使用Android手机的Wi-Fi功能对温度进行监控。通过对各关键模块测试与分析表明,系统运行稳定可靠,实现了对锅炉温度的远程监控

  7. Remote Monitoring of Near-Surface Soil Moisture Dynamics In Unstable Slopes Using a Low-Power Autonomous Resistivity Imaging System

    Chambers, J. E.; Meldrum, P.; Gunn, D.; Wilkinson, P. B.; Uhlemann, S.; Swift, R. T.; Kuras, O.; Inauen, C.; Hutchinson, D.; Butler, S.


    ERT monitoring has been demonstrated in numerous studies as an effective means of imaging near surface processes for applications as diverse as permafrost studies and contaminated land assessment. A limiting factor in applying time-lapse ERT for long-term studies in remote locations has been the availability of cost-effective ERT measurement systems designed specifically for monitoring applications. Typically, monitoring is undertaken using repeated manual data collection, or by building conventional survey instruments into a monitoring setup. The latter often requires high power and is therefore difficult to operate remotely without access to mains electricity. We describe the development of a low-power resistivity imaging system designed specifically for remote monitoring, taking advantage of, e.g., solar power and data telemetry. Here, we present the results of two field deployments. The system has been installed on an active railway cutting to provide insights into the effect of vegetation on the moisture dynamics in unstable infrastructure slopes and to gather subsurface information for pro-active remediation measures. The system, comprising 255 electrodes, acquires 4596 reciprocal measurement pairs twice daily during standard operation. In case of severe weather events, the measurement schedule is reactively changed, to gather high temporal resolution data to image rainfall infiltration processes. The system has also been installed along a leaking and marginally stable canal embankment; a less favourable location for remote monitoring, with limited solar power and poor mobile reception. Nevertheless, the acquired data indicated the effectiveness of remedial actions on the canal. The ERT results showed that one leak was caused by the canal and fixed during remediation, while two other "leaks" were shown to be effects of groundwater dynamics. The availability of cost-effective, low-power ERT monitoring instrumentation, combined with an automated workflow of

  8. A Remote Interrogation System for Monitoring Concrete Performance Exposed to Environmental Action

    Holmes, Niall


    The performance of the surface zone of concrete is acknowledged as a major factor governingthe rate of deterioration of reinforced concrete structures as it provides the only barrier to theingress of water containing dissolved ionic species such as chlorides which, ultimately,initiate corrosion of the reinforcement. In-situ monitoring of cover-zone concrete is critical inattempting to make realistic predictions as to the in-service performance of the structure. Tothis end, this paper presents...

  9. On-Orbit MTF Measurement and Product Quality Monitoring for Commercial Remote Sensing Systems

    Person, Steven


    Initialization and opportunistic targets are chosen that represent the MTF on the spatial domain. Ideal targets have simple mathematical relationships. Determine the MTF of an on-orbit satellite using in-scene targets: Slant-Edge, Line Source, point Source, and Radial Target. Attempt to facilitate the MTF calculation by automatically locating targets of opportunity. Incorporate MTF results into a product quality monitoring architecture.

  10. 基于ARM的智能小区远程视频监控系统%Intelligent community based on ARM remote video monitoring system

    代治国; 李兴霞


    The system is based on the ARM 11 processor as the core, through the 3G wireless transmission, to achieve intelligent terminal mobile phone remote monitoring. At the same time, through the internal network transmission to the monitoring center, so as to realize remote monitoring intelligent community, fast real-time monitoring purposes.%本系统基于ARM11处理器为核心,通过3G无线传输,实现智能终端手机的远程监控.同时,通过内部网络传输到监控中心,从而实现小区远程监控智能化、快速化的实时监控目的.

  11. 基于LabVIEW的远程监控系统设计%The Design Of LabVIEW-based Remote Monitoring System



    Using the Lab VIEW software that realized important Treasury of temperature and humidity systems remote monitoring,And analyzed and discussed the system of some key technologies such as data acquisition,cal subsystem and remote parameter settings.%  本文主要利用LabVIEW软件对重要库房的温湿度系统实现远程化监控,对于远程实现中的一些关键技术如数据采集、调用子系统及远程参数设置等进行分析讨论。

  12. Implementation of remote monitoring and managing switches

    Leng, Junmin; Fu, Guo


    In order to strengthen the safety performance of the network and provide the big convenience and efficiency for the operator and the manager, the system of remote monitoring and managing switches has been designed and achieved using the advanced network technology and present network resources. The fast speed Internet Protocol Cameras (FS IP Camera) is selected, which has 32-bit RSIC embedded processor and can support a number of protocols. An Optimal image compress algorithm Motion-JPEG is adopted so that high resolution images can be transmitted by narrow network bandwidth. The architecture of the whole monitoring and managing system is designed and implemented according to the current infrastructure of the network and switches. The control and administrative software is projected. The dynamical webpage Java Server Pages (JSP) development platform is utilized in the system. SQL (Structured Query Language) Server database is applied to save and access images information, network messages and users' data. The reliability and security of the system is further strengthened by the access control. The software in the system is made to be cross-platform so that multiple operating systems (UNIX, Linux and Windows operating systems) are supported. The application of the system can greatly reduce manpower cost, and can quickly find and solve problems.


    Frank C. Lin


    Full Text Available The present study describes a prototype we built and named REMOTE for detecting and monitoring in real time tsunami events, based on changes in infrared radiation emitted from the sea when up thrust crustal movements from a major or a great tsunamigenic earthquake disturb the ocean floor and change the thermal properties of the water column in the source region. Specifically, we describe the hardware and software components of this system and present its performance results from recent tsunamis. Declouding of satellite images is often required and this is accomplished by the application of wavelet analysis. Also, in the present study we address the problem of signal delay due to the satellite scanning cycle and discuss possible solutions. Finally, we enumerate the relative benefits of our system. Our proposed system is available to all the countries with access to a geostationary weather satellite.

  14. Application of remote sensing data to monitoring of oil pollution as part of the environmental expert system

    Shagarova, Lyudmila; Muratova, Mira; Abuova, Sholpan


    The impact of oil-producing facilities on the environment is caused by toxicity of hydrocarbons and by-products, a variety of chemicals used in industrial processes, as well as specificity of production, treatment, transportation and storage of oil and oil products. To predict the state of the geological environment, scientists carry out investigations, which help to choose the optimal strategy for creation of the expert system taking into account simulations and to provide efficient use of available environmentally relevant information related to the current state of the geological environment. The expert system is a complex of interconnected blocks, one of which is the information on the presence of oil pollution, which can be identified using satellite imagery. The satellite imagery has practical application in monitoring of oil pollution, as it allows specialists to identify oil spills remotely and to determine their characteristics based on the differentiation of the surface reflectance spectra. Snapshots are used to estimate the area of oil-contamination and location of spills. To detect contaminants it is necessary to perform the following steps in processing of the remote sensing data: - Identify and isolate all the dark deformations in the satellite images, as a result of processing of segmentation and threshold processing; - Calculate statistical parameters of dark deformations, i.e., signs similar to areas prone to contamination. These signs are related to the geometry of formation, their physical changes (backscattering value) and the image context; - Classify the selected spectral anomalies as oil pollution and oil sludge. On the basis of classification of satellite imagery, the objects of oil pollution are detected and deciphering signs are analyzed in order to refer classified objects to implicit or explicit contaminations. To detect oil pollution, pixels are classified into categories with learning on the given areas with creation of the

  15. Remote monitoring of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Problems and implications using a telemonitoring system.

    Siebermair, J; Clauss, S; Martens, E; Schuessler, F; Oversohl, N; Haserueck, N; Estner, H L; Kääb, S; Wakili, R


    The rising number of implantable devices has led to an increase in device-related workload, e.g., regular interrogation follow-up visits. Telemonitoring systems for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) seem to be a promising tool for reducing workload and costs, and they have the potential of optimizing patient care. However, issues such as practical functionality of ICD telemonitoring in daily routine may affect its broad implementation. The objective of this study was to evaluate potential problems during the implementation of a telemonitoring system, Medtronic CareLink™ (CL™) with respect to the installation and data transmission process. A total of 159 patients with ICDs who were equipped with the CL™ system were evaluated and followed up for 16 months regarding the success rate of the first data transmission via the telemonitoring system. In this cohort, a high rate of nontransmission of 23.9 % was observed after the 16-month follow-up. A detailed interview of these patients (no transmission) revealed that the main reasons for failed transmissions were due to the patients' loss of interest in the concept (approximately 50 %) as well as technical problems (approximately 25 %) with setting up the system. These results indicate that telemonitoring systems bear potential problems and that the evaluation of patient motivation and technical support options seems to play an important role in establishing the functionality of these systems.

  16. Remote monitoring in patients with spondylitis

    Akulova A.l.


    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate the adherence to therapy and treatment outcomes in patients with spondylitis (SpA in which activity of the disease managed remotely. Material and Methods. 193 patients with axial SpA were randomized into 3 groups with the different ways of the disease activity monitoring: 96 patients were managed in free way, 26 patients visited rheumatologist every 12 weeks, 69 patients managed remotely — we called them every 4 weeks. After the first year of follow up we made 3-month break in the telephone monitoring. The data on the treatment and SpA activity (indexes BASDAI, PASS, ESR, CRP were collected. Results. In patients managed in a free way SpA activity was severe after a year. In groups managed remotely and once in 3 month the significant reduction in the disease activity was achieved with maximal decrease in remote monitoring group. Positive PASS group 3 was found in 15 patients (57.69%, n=26, in group 2 — in 4 patients (20%, n=20, in group 1 — no patients (0%. NSAIDs intake was arbitrarily changed by 5 (19.23%, n=26, 15(75%, n=20, and 93(96.87%, n=96 patients of groups 3, 2 and 1, respectively. After a 3- month break in remote monitoring in 13 patients with initial BASDAI>4 disease activity significantly increased, in 33 patients with BASDAK4 disease activity decreased. 17 (51.5% patients independently changed the drug intake regimen after the break in monitoring. Conclusion. Remote monitoring is associated with better adherence to therapy and the best results of treatment of patients with SpA than the other modes of observation. Remote monitoring frequency must be determined individually.

  17. Systems design for remote healthcare

    Bonfiglio, Silvio


    This book provides a multidisciplinary overview of the design and implementation of systems for remote patient monitoring and healthcare. Readers are guided step-by-step through the components of such a system and shown how they could be integrated in a coherent framework for deployment in practice. The authors explain planning from subsystem design to complete integration and deployment, given particular application constraints. Readers will benefit from descriptions of the clinical requirements underpinning the entire application scenario, physiological parameter sensing techniques, information processing approaches and overall, application dependent system integration. Each chapter ends with a discussion of practical design challenges and two case studies are included to provide practical examples and design methods for two remote healthcare systems with different needs. ·         Provides a multi-disciplinary overview of next-generation mobile healthcare system design; ·         Includes...

  18. Demonstration of Photovoltaic-Powered Cathodic Protection System with Remote Monitoring Capability


    improved photovoltaic (PV) power systems with integrated battery backup, solar energy has become a viable alternative where grid power is not available...such as night time and during overcast weather. In combi- nation with solar panels , each water tank had a dedicated set of storage batteries and an...1 kW/m2. Three PV solar array modules were wired in parallel to comprise a single solar panel . On average, each solar panel supplies power to one

  19. Channel Efficiency with Security Enhancement for Remote Condition Monitoring of Multi Machine System Using Hybrid Huffman Coding

    Datta, Jinia; Chowdhuri, Sumana; Bera, Jitendranath


    This paper presents a novel scheme of remote condition monitoring of multi machine system where a secured and coded data of induction machine with different parameters is communicated between a state-of-the-art dedicated hardware Units (DHU) installed at the machine terminal and a centralized PC based machine data management (MDM) software. The DHUs are built for acquisition of different parameters from the respective machines, and hence are placed at their nearby panels in order to acquire different parameters cost effectively during their running condition. The MDM software collects these data through a communication channel where all the DHUs are networked using RS485 protocol. Before transmitting, the parameter's related data is modified with the adoption of differential pulse coded modulation (DPCM) and Huffman coding technique. It is further encrypted with a private key where different keys are used for different DHUs. In this way a data security scheme is adopted during its passage through the communication channel in order to avoid any third party attack into the channel. The hybrid mode of DPCM and Huffman coding is chosen to reduce the data packet length. A MATLAB based simulation and its practical implementation using DHUs at three machine terminals (one healthy three phase, one healthy single phase and one faulty three phase machine) proves its efficacy and usefulness for condition based maintenance of multi machine system. The data at the central control room are decrypted and decoded using MDM software. In this work it is observed that Chanel efficiency with respect to different parameter measurements has been increased very much.

  20. Development and feasibility of a smartphone, ECG and GPS based system for remotely monitoring exercise in cardiac rehabilitation.

    Charles Worringham

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Despite its efficacy and cost-effectiveness, exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is undertaken by less than one-third of clinically eligible cardiac patients in every country for which data is available. Reasons for non-participation include the unavailability of hospital-based rehabilitation programs, or excessive travel time and distance. For this reason, there have been calls for the development of more flexible alternatives. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We developed a system to enable walking-based cardiac rehabilitation in which the patient's single-lead ECG, heart rate, GPS-based speed and location are transmitted by a programmed smartphone to a secure server for real-time monitoring by a qualified exercise scientist. The feasibility of this approach was evaluated in 134 remotely-monitored exercise assessment and exercise sessions in cardiac patients unable to undertake hospital-based rehabilitation. Completion rates, rates of technical problems, detection of ECG changes, pre- and post-intervention six minute walk test (6 MWT, cardiac depression and Quality of Life (QOL were key measures. The system was rated as easy and quick to use. It allowed participants to complete six weeks of exercise-based rehabilitation near their homes, worksites, or when travelling. The majority of sessions were completed without any technical problems, although periodic signal loss in areas of poor coverage was an occasional limitation. Several exercise and post-exercise ECG changes were detected. Participants showed improvements comparable to those reported for hospital-based programs, walking significantly further on the post-intervention 6 MWT, 637 m (95% CI: 565-726, than on the pre-test, 524 m (95% CI: 420-655, and reporting significantly reduced levels of cardiac depression and significantly improved physical health-related QOL. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: The system provided a feasible and very flexible alternative form of

  1. Implementation of Remote Health Monitoring in Medical Rural Clinics for Web Telemedicine System

    Hafez Fouad


    Full Text Available The problem with limited numbers of physicians, nurses, and other healthcare providers is expected to exacerbate. Health care must be as efficient as possible. This situation provides an opportunity for the application of telehealth clinics. It is time for organizations providing health care to objectively consider telehealth clinics. Information and communication technologies (ICTs have great potential to address some of the challenges faced by both developed and developing countries in providing accessible, cost-effective, high-quality health care services. Telemedical clinics use ICTs to overcome geographical barriers, and increase access to healthcare services. This is particularly beneficial for rural and underserved communities in developing countries – groups that traditionally suffer from lack of access to health care. In this work we propose an equipped system with new technology to provide wide range of services in Telemedical clinics which facilitates the provision of medical aids from a distance. It is an effective solution for providing specialty healthcare in the form of improved access and reduced cost to the rural patients and the reduced professional isolation of the rural doctors. Telemedical clinics can enable ordinary doctors to perform extra-ordinary tasks.

  2. Levee Health Monitoring With Radar Remote Sensing

    Jones, C. E.; Bawden, G. W.; Deverel, S. J.; Dudas, J.; Hensley, S.; Yun, S.


    the entire network of more than 1100 miles of levees in the area, has used several sets of in situ data to validate the results. This type of levee health status information acquired with radar remote sensing could provide a cost-effective method to significantly improve the spatial and temporal coverage of levee systems and identify areas of concern for targeted levee maintenance, repair, and emergency response in the future. Our results show, for example, that during an emergency, when time is of the essence, SAR remote sensing offers the potential of rapidly providing levee status information that is effectively impossible to obtain over large areas using conventional monitoring, e.g., through high precision measurements of subcentimeter-scale levee movement prior to failure. The research described here was carried out in part at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  3. On the Research of Forest Volume Dynamic Monitoring System Based on Remote Sensing, GIS and GPS%以“3S”为基础的森林蓄积动态监测系统研究

    李崇贵; 斯林; 赵宪文


    The components and functions of all parts of forest volume dynamic monitoring system based on remote sensing (RS), geographic information system (GIS) and the global positioning system (GPS) are presented. The various volume estimate models included in the system are sketched. The action and application of the system in forest resource quantitative monitoring is analyzed through practical example.

  4. Design and development of an impedimetric-based system for the remote monitoring of home-based dialysis patients.

    Montalibet, Amalric; Arkouche, Walid; Bogónez Franco, Paco; Bonnet, Stéphane; Clarion, Antoine; Delhomme, Georges; Géhin, Claudine; Gharbi, Sadok; Guillemaud, Régis; Jallon, Pierre; Massot, Bertrand; Pham, Pascale; Ribbe-Cornet, Eva; McAdams, Eric


    A key clinical challenge is to determine the desired 'dry weight' of a patient in order to terminate the dialysis procedure at the optimal moment and thus avoid the effects of over- and under-hydration. It has been found that the effects of haemodialysis on patients can be conveniently monitored using whole-body bioimpedance measurements. The identified need of assessing the hydrational status of patients undergoing haemodialysis at home gave rise to the present Dialydom (DIALYse à DOMicile) project. The aim of the project is to develop a convenient miniaturised impedance monitoring device for localised measurements (on the calf) in order to estimate an impedimetric hydrational index of the home-based patient, and to transmit this and other parameters to a remote clinical site. Many challenges must be overcome to develop a robust and valid home-based device. Some of these are presented in the paper.

  5. Hyperspectral remote sensing for light pollution monitoring

    P. Marcoionni


    Full Text Available industries. In this paper we introduce the results from a remote sensing campaign performed in September 2001 at night time. For the first time nocturnal light pollution was measured at high spatial and spectral resolution using two airborne hyperspectral sensors, namely the Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer (MIVIS and the Visible InfraRed Scanner (VIRS-200. These imagers, generally employed for day-time Earth remote sensing, were flown over the Tuscany coast (Italy on board of a Casa 212/200 airplane from an altitude of 1.5-2.0 km. We describe the experimental activities which preceded the remote sensing campaign, the optimization of sensor configuration, and the images as far acquired. The obtained results point out the novelty of the performed measurements and highlight the need to employ advanced remote sensing techniques as a spectroscopic tool for light pollution monitoring.

  6. Satellite Remote Sensing for Monitoring and Assessment

    Remote sensing technology has the potential to enhance the engagement of communities and managers in the implementation and performance of best management practices. This presentation will use examples from U.S. numeric criteria development and state water quality monitoring prog...

  7. Satellite Remote Sensing for Monitoring and Assessment

    Remote sensing technology has the potential to enhance the engagement of communities and managers in the implementation and performance of best management practices. This presentation will use examples from U.S. numeric criteria development and state water quality monitoring prog...

  8. Mine remote sensing monitoring and assessment characteristics and the index system%矿山遥感监测评估特点与指标体系

    周进生; 牛建英; 张旭; 于艳蕊


    矿山遥感监测评估是通过遥感监测手段获得对矿产资源开发利用状况、矿山环境和矿产资源规划执行情况的评判,为改进矿产资源规划、整顿矿业秩序、治理矿山环境等提供依据。根据矿山遥感监测实施效果评估的对象多、内容多、应用面广及难度大等特点,提出了矿产资源监管效果、效率和效益3个一级指标,9个二级指标的评估体系,并根据实验性评估结论提出简化指标体系、侧重连续监测区动态评估等建议。%Remote sensing monitoring is used by mine remote sensing monitoring and assessment so as to understand the situation of mineral resources development, mining environment and evaluate mineral resource planning implementation, thus providing the basis for mineral resources planning, mining order rectifying and mine environment governing. The authors analyzed the situation of evaluating the implementation effect of the mine remote sensing monitoring, which is characterized by numerous objects and contents, wide applications and considerable difficulties. In view of such a complex situation, this paper puts forward the index evaluation system for the mineral resources monitoring result, benefit and efficiency, which consists of three primary and nine secondary indexes. According to the experimental evaluation conclusion, some constructive suggestions, such as simplification of the index system and emphasis on the dynamic assessment of continuous monitoring area, have been put forward in this paper.

  9. Monitoring water quality by remote sensing

    Brown, R. L. (Principal Investigator)


    The author has identified the following significant results. A limited study was conducted to determine the applicability of remote sensing for evaluating water quality conditions in the San Francisco Bay and delta. Considerable supporting data were available for the study area from other than overflight sources, but short-term temporal and spatial variability precluded their use. The study results were not sufficient to shed much light on the subject, but it did appear that, with the present state of the art in image analysis and the large amount of ground truth needed, remote sensing has only limited application in monitoring water quality.

  10. A Remote Health Care System Combining a Fall Down Alarm and Biomedical Signal Monitor System in an Android Smart-Phone

    Ching-Sung Wang


    Full Text Available First aid and immediate help are very important following an accident. The earlier the detection and treatment is carried out, the better the prognosis and chance of recovery of the patients. It is even more important when considering the elderly. Once the elderly have an accident, they not only physically injure their body, but also impair their mental and social ability, and may develop severe sequela. In the last few years, the continuously developed Android cell phone has been applied to many fields. Despite the nature of the GPS positioning system that the mobile phone currently uses, most applications used are SMS and file transfers. However, these biomedical measurement signals, passing through a transferring interface and uploading to the mobile, result the little really successful cases with the remote health care feasibility. This research will develop an Android cell phone which combines the functionality of an ECG, pulsimeter, SpO2, and BAD (Body Activity Detector for real-time monitoring of the activity of a body. When an accident occurs, the signals go through Android smart phone, immediately notifying the remote ends and providing first time help.

  11. Remote monitoring of heart failure patients.

    Bhimaraj, Arvind


    "The Teledactyl (Tele, far; Dactyl, finger--from the Greek) is a future instrument by which it will be possible for us to 'feel at a distance.' This idea is not at all impossible, for the instrument can be built today with means available right now. It is simply the well known telautograph, translated into radio terms, with additional refinements. The doctor of the future, by means of this instrument, will be able to feel his patient, as it were, at a distance...The doctor manipulates his controls, which are then manipulated at the patient's room in exactly the same manner. The doctor sees what is going on in the patient's room by means of a television screen." -Hugo Gernsback, Science and Invention Magazine, February 1925 Heart failure continues to be a major burden on our health care system. As the number of patients with heart failure increases, the cost of hospitalization alone is contributing significantly to the overall cost of this disease. Readmission rate and hospital length of stay are emerging as quality markers of heart failure care along with reimbursement policies that force hospitals to optimize these outcomes. Apart from maintaining quality assurance, the disease process of heart failure per-se requires demanding and close attention to vitals, diet, and medication compliance to prevent acute decompensation episodes. Remote patient monitoring is morphing into a key disease management strategy to optimize care for heart failure. Innovative implantable technologies to monitor intracardiac hemodynamics also are evolving, which potentially could offer better and substantial parameters to monitor.

  12. Remote Monitoring of Heart Failure Patients

    Bhimaraj, Arvind


    “The Teledactyl (Tele, far; Dactyl, finger — from the Greek) is a future instrument by which it will be possible for us to ‘feel at a distance.’ This idea is not at all impossible, for the instrument can be built today with means available right now. It is simply the well known telautograph, translated into radio terms, with additional refinements. The doctor of the future, by means of this instrument, will be able to feel his patient, as it were, at a distance…The doctor manipulates his controls, which are then manipulated at the patient’s room in exactly the same manner. The doctor sees what is going on in the patient’s room by means of a television screen.” —Hugo Gernsback, Science and Invention Magazine, February 1925 Heart failure continues to be a major burden on our health care system. As the number of patients with heart failure increases, the cost of hospitalization alone is contributing significantly to the overall cost of this disease. Readmission rate and hospital length of stay are emerging as quality markers of heart failure care along with reimbursement policies that force hospitals to optimize these outcomes. Apart from maintaining quality assurance, the disease process of heart failure per-se requires demanding and close attention to vitals, diet, and medication compliance to prevent acute decompensation episodes. Remote patient monitoring is morphing into a key disease management strategy to optimize care for heart failure. Innovative implantable technologies to monitor intracardiac hemodynamics also are evolving, which potentially could offer better and substantial parameters to monitor. PMID:23519115

  13. RTU Remote Monitoring System Based on Beidou Communication%基于北斗通信的RTU远程监控系统

    许博浩; 郝永生; 苏伟朋


    以某导弹发射装备信息采集记录装置改进项目为背景,本文针对远程控制中心对装备状态信息监控和评估的实际需求,设计了一种基于北斗卫星通信RTU(Remote Terminal Unit)远程监控系统。该系统可以实时采集到装备的状态信息并对采集的数据进行高速处理,通过北斗通信终端定时向控制中心发送采集状态数据,同时控制中心也可以发送指令随时调取状态数据。经测试结果表明,该系统具有良好的稳定性、实时性、可靠性和低能耗的特点,可实现远程监控和数据采集以满足装备的远程管理需要。%Aiming at the actual demand of Remote control center information of equipment state monitoring and evaluation, we designed a kind of based on Beidou satellite communications RTU (Remote Terminal Unit) remote monitoring system with certain missile equipment information collection recording device improvement project as the background. The system can be real-time acquisition to the equipment state information and the data collected by high speed processing, through the Beidou communication terminal time send form data to the control center, control center can also send orders status data to be obtained at any time. The test results show that the system has good stability, the characteristics of real-time, reliability, and low energy consumption. It can realize remote monitoring and data collection to meet the needs of the equipment of the remote management.

  14. Remote robotic countermine systems

    Wells, Peter


    QinetiQ North America (QNA) has approximately 27 years experience in the mine/countermine mission area. Our expertise covers mine development, detection, and neutralization and has always been intertwined with deployment of remote robotic systems. Our countermine payload systems have been used to detect limpet mines on ship hulls, antiassault mines in shallow water and littoral zones and currently for clearance and render safe of land-based routes. In our talk, we will address the challenges encountered in addressing the ongoing countermine mission over a diverse range of operational scenarios, environmental conditions and strategic priorities.

  15. 基于Android平台的远程视频监控系统研究%Research on remote video monitoring system based on Android



    随着中国移动互联网的快速发展,基于移动平台的视频监控凭借其独特的优越性开始进入人们的视野.智能手机终端的普及为移动视频监控提供了承载终端,3G通信网络的发展为移动视频监控数据的传输提供了保证,它们都为实现移动视频监控提供了有利条件.本课题是横向课题"大连****信号发射机远程控制系统"中的远程视频监控子系统的重要组成部分,提出了一种基于Android移动设备的远程监控系统解决方案.%With therapid development of China Mobile Internet,video surveillance based on mobile platform has entered people's perspective with its unique advantages..The popularity of smart mobile terminals for mobile video monitoring provides bearing a terminal,the development of 3G mobile communication network for mobile video monitoring data transmission to provide a guarantee,they both realize mobile video monitoring provides favorable conditions.The topic is the horizontal subject "Dalian * * * * signal transmitter remote control system of remote video surveillance system an important component of the proposed a solution of remote monitoring system based on the Android mobile devices.

  16. Web Based Remote Monitoring System for Industrial Wastewater Treatment%基于Web的工业污水处理远程监控系统

    张修建; 靳硕; 赵茜; 关新平; 梁振虎


    针对工业污水处理过程的远程监控问题,提出一种基于Web的远程监控系统设计方案。在给出系统体系结构的基础上,应用VC++高级语言、ASP(Active Server Page)技术等设计了系统各功能模块,实现了工业污水处理远程监控功能。用户可以通过浏览器实现对工业现场数据进行动态数据访问、曲线显示、远程控制以及对历史数据进行统计查询等功能。%A Web based remote monitoring system design method was proposed for industrial wastewater treatment processes.Based on the proposed system framework,the system's function modules were designed by using VC++ programming language and ASP(Active Server Page) technology,and the remote monitoring and control functions for industrial wastewater treatment were realized.Users can realize the functions of industrial real-time data acquisition,the curve showing,the remote control and query the statistics of historical data by the browser.

  17. Optoelectronic biosensor for remote monitoring of toxins

    Knopf, George K.; Bassi, Amarjeet S.; Singh, Shikha; Fiorilli, Mina; Jauda, Lilana


    12 A biosensor telemetry system for the on-line remote monitoring of toxic sites is described in this paper. The device is a self-contained field measurement system that employs immobilized luminescent. Vibrio fisheri bacteria to detect airborne contaminants. The presence of toxic chemicals in the air will lead to a measurable decrease in the intensity of light produced by the bacteria population. Both cellular and environmental factors control the level of bioluminescence exhibited by the bacteria. The biological sensing element is placed inside a miniature airflow chamber that houses a light-to-frequency transducer, power supply, and Radio-Frequency (RF) transmitter to convert the intensity of bioluminescence exhibited by the bacteria population into a radio signal that is picked up by a RF receiver at a safe location. The miniature biosensor can be transported to the investigated on either a terrestrial or airborne robotic vehicle. Furthermore, numerous spatially distributed biosensors can be used to both map the extent and the rate-of-change in the dispersion of the hazardous contaminants over a large geographical area.

  18. Design of LPC2294-based Remote Wireless Monitoring System%基于LPC2294的无线监控系统设计

    梁秀霞; 张建; 肖娜


    设计了一种基于ARM/GPRS的远程无线监控系统,该系统采用ARM7TDMI-S处理器,嵌入式实时操作系统μC/OS-Ⅱ作为系统运行平台,通过485总线将现场数据采集至监控终端,使用GPRS模块实现了数据监控终端与上位监控终端的远程实时通讯.%A ARM 7/GPRS-based remote wireless monitoring system was designed, which has the ARM7TDMI-S employed as the processor, the embedded realtime operating system μC/OS-Ⅱ taken as a working platform and the field data collected for the control terminal via the 485 bus, as well as the GPRS module used to implement the remote and real-time communication between data monitor terminal and upper monitor terminal. The application shows that the system can run smoothly and can benefit the staves in the operation.

  19. Car controller remote monitoring system based on GPRS%基于GPRS的车载控制器远程监控系统

    孟晨兴; 王玲利


    To meet the demand of the car controller R D,a remote monitoring system based on GPRS network communication.Design based the GPRS module SIM900A the hardware circuit and software program. The data acquisition module from the sensor and the vehicle CAN network collected data via GPRS module will be required to send data to the monitoring server.Test to prove that the system is able to achieve real-time collection of experimental data and remote monitoring,the system is stable and reliable operation.%为满足车载控制器研发的需求,提出了一种基于GPRS网络通讯的远程监控系统。设计了基于GPRS模块SIM900A的硬件电路和软件程序。数据采集模块从传感器和整车CAN网络采集数据,并通过GPRS模块将所需数据发送到监控服务器。试验证明该系统能够实现对实验数据的实时采集和远程监控,系统运行稳定可靠。

  20. Design of a Remote Monitoring System for Evaluation of Corrosión in Reinforced Concrete Structures under Chloride Ion Attack

    Roa-Rodríguez Guillermo


    Full Text Available In this paper it was designed and built a remote monitoring equipment that allows to obtain the corrosion potential in reinforcing steels embedded in reinforced concrete, which were previously subjected to chloride attack in a hostile environment. The monitoring system, based on ASTM standard C876-91, determines from 0% to 100% the probability of corrosion on the samples tested. The system provides ease of perform field installation, if there is cellular network coverage, and may be operated remotely using text messages to start and stop measurements, whose results are stored in a local data logger on microSD cards and then are sent via the general packet radio service (GPRS to a web server which allows to access to the data via a web page, where the test results can be seen graphically. The concrete samples used as reference for monitoring degradation were immersed in chloride ion (3.5% NaCl for 12 months. Data for corrosion potential were generated through the exposureconcrete interface, corresponding to a system with a 90% probability of corrosion.


    Shalkovskii, A G; Kuptsov, S M; Berseneva, E A


    The article considers issues of necessity of development and implementation of remote monitoring of arterial blood pressure and rate of heartbeats as a mean of enhancing quality of medical care of patients. The main characteristics of development of specialized automated system as an integral component of the project is considered too.

  2. Remote Working Level Monitor. Final report



    The Remote Working Level Monitor (RWLM) is an instrument used to remotely monitor the RN-daughter concentrations and the Working Level (WL). It is an ac powered, microprocessor based instrument which multiplexes two independent detector units to a single central processor unit (CPU). The CPU controls the actuation of the detector units and processes and outputs the data received from these remote detector units. The remote detector units are fully automated and require no manual operation once they are set up. They detect and separate the alpha emitters of RaA and RaC' as well as detecting the beta emitters of RaB and RaC. The resultant pulses from these detected radioisotopes are transmitted to the CPU for processing. The programmed microprocessor performs the mathematical manipulations necessary to output accurate Rn-daughter concentrations and the WL. A special subroutine within the program enables the RWLM to run and output a calibration procedure on command. The data resulting from this request can then be processed in a separate program on most computers capable of BASIC programming. The calibration program results in the derivation of coefficients and beta efficiencies which provides calibrated coefficients and beta efficiencies.

  3. 基于单片机的地震台站远程监控%Remote monitor and control system for seismic station based on MCU

    李小军; 李冬圣; 毛国良; 常亮


    针对当前地震台站的特点,提出一种基于TCP/IP通信的远程监控系统,介绍该装置的设计与实现方法,给出系统构成图、主要硬件电路及程序代码.通过样机试制与反复试验,该系统可以完成对地震台站设备工作环境的监测并能远程对数采等设备实现断电和重启等操作,可以为地震专业设备的可靠运行和及时维护提供保障和依据.%In allusion to the characteristic of the seismic station, this paper proposes a remote monitor and control system based on the TCP/IP communication protocol, and introduces the design and implementation of the system. It gives out system structure diagram, main hardware circuit and program code. It has been proved that this system can monitor the status of seismic-station working environment and can reset the seismic data processing system etc. remotely through trial-produce model machine and repeated testing. This system can guarantee the seismic-equipments reliable running and gives a good reference for the maintenance by continuous improvement.

  4. Wireless Remote Control System

    Adrian Tigauan


    Full Text Available This paper presents the design of a wireless remote control system based on the ZigBee communication protocol. Gathering data from sensors or performing control tasks through wireless communication is advantageous in situations in which the use of cables is impractical. An Atmega328 microcontroller (from slave device is used for gathering data from the sensors and transmitting it to a coordinator device with the help of the XBee modules. The ZigBee standard is suitable for low-cost, low-data-rate and low-power wireless networks implementations. The XBee-PRO module, designed to meet ZigBee standards, requires minimal power for reliable data exchange between devices over a distance of up to 1600m outdoors. A key component of the ZigBee protocol is the ability to support networking and this can be used in a wireless remote control system. This system may be employed e.g. to control temperature and humidity (SHT11 sensor and light intensity (TSL230 sensor levels inside a commercial greenhouse.

  5. Research and Implementation of Remote Video Monitoring System Based on OMAP%基于OMAP远程视频监控系统的研究与实现

    陈晓霜; 吴蒙


    文中提出了一种基于TI的OMAP4460多媒体平台,利用V4L2视频采集框架,结合H.264压缩编码技术,采用RTSP流媒体技术实现远程视频监控系统的解决方案。通过软硬件平台的搭建,对视频原始数据采集过程的分析和实时视频网络传输的实现,文中较全面地展示了远程视频监控系统的实现过程。通过实际运行验证了该嵌入式远程监控系统的可行性。系统测试结果表明,该系统能够及时准确地采集现场视频图像信息,并通过以太网将采集到的数据远程实时传输,在客户端实时显示,具有实时、稳定的特点,满足了实时数据传输和远程监测的需求。%A kind of solution based on TI OMAP4460 multimedia platform is put forward,making full use of the V4L2 video collection framework,combined with H. 264 compression coding technology and adopted RTSP streaming technology to realize the remote video monitoring system. Through the construction of the software platform and hardware platform,the analysis of the original video data acqui-sition process and the realization of real-time video remote transmission,comprehensively show the implementation of the network video monitoring system. The experiment has verified the feasibility of the embedded remote monitoring and control system. Results show that the system can collect the live video information timely and accurately,besides,the collected data can be transmitted through the Ethernet to client successfully. The real-time and stability of the system meets the needs of real-time data transmission and remote monitoring.

  6. Evaluation of a realtime, remote monitoring telemedicine system using the Bluetooth protocol and a mobile phone network.

    Jasemian, Yousef; Arendt-Nielsen, Lars


    A generic, realtime wireless telemedicine system has been developed that uses the Bluetooth protocol and the general packet radio service for mobile phones. The system was tested on 10 healthy volunteers, by continuous monitoring of their electrocardiograms (ECGs). Under realistic conditions, the system had 96.5% uptime, a data throughput of 3.3 kbit/s, a mean packet error rate of 8.5x10(-3) packet/s and a mean packet loss rate of 8.2x10(-3) packet/s. During 24 h testing, the total average downtime was 66 min and 90% of the periods of downtime were of only 1-3 min duration. Less than 10% of the ECGs were of unacceptable quality. Thus, the generic telemedicine system showed high reliability and performance, and the design may provide a foundation for realtime monitoring in clinical practice, for example in cardiology.

  7. Design of small sewage treatment plant remote monitoring system%小型污水厂远程监控系统设计

    乌英嘎; 罗中明; 于晓霞; 吴春升


    为了实现对污水厂远程监控系统的需求,文中提出了基于ARM的小型污水厂远程监控系统设计方案,并完成了系统软硬件设计。文中采用ARM微处理器为主控制器,用模数转换采集现场数据,用摄像头采集现场图片,采用GPRS无线通信模块传输采集的信息。实现了小型污水厂图像和数据的采集、存储和无线传输功能。%In order to satisfy the requirement of waste water treatment plant remote monitoring system,the design of small sewage treatment plant remote monitoring system based on ARM is proposed. Complete system hardware and software design. The scheme adopts the ARM micro processor as main controller,use anolog digital convertion collect fled data,use camare to gather picture,adopts GPRS wireless communication module transferred about gathered information. It has realized the small sewage treatment plant collection of picture and data, storage and wireless transmission function.

  8. Space remote sensing systems an introduction

    Chen, H S


    Space Remote Sensing Systems: An Introduction discusses the space remote sensing system, which is a modern high-technology field developed from earth sciences, engineering, and space systems technology for environmental protection, resource monitoring, climate prediction, weather forecasting, ocean measurement, and many other applications. This book consists of 10 chapters. Chapter 1 describes the science of the atmosphere and the earth's surface. Chapter 2 discusses spaceborne radiation collector systems, while Chapter 3 focuses on space detector and CCD systems. The passive space optical rad

  9. 基于Android的远程医疗监测系统设计%Remote medical monitoring system based on Android

    张红北; 赵晓军; 李瑞; 王晨康; 绳丹


    To meet people′s needs for remote medical treatment, a solution using Android mobile terminal is proposed. The program combines the features of the Android system, designs a remote medical monitoring system which integrates collection, display, storage, alarm and so on. Firstly, the framework of the system and the architecture of Android Operating System (OS) were introduced, and then bluetooth, socket and other means of communication used in the system were analyzed, and the applications of Android device in data collection, storage, processing were introduced. At last, MQTT protocol waw used to complete the alarm information push. The results show that the Android system has great prospects for the use of remote medical treatment services system.%为满足人们对于远程医疗的需求,推出了一个应用 Android 移动终端的解决方案。该方案结合 Android 系统的特点,设计了一套采集、显示存储、报警推送于一体的远程医疗监测系统。首先对 Android 框架与系统架构进行介绍,然后对系统涉及到的 Android 系统蓝牙、Socket 等通信方式的开发进行分析,并对 Android 设备在数据采集、存储、处理中的应用进行介绍,最后应用 MQTT 协议完成了对报警信息的推送。结果表明 Android 系统在远程医疗服务系统中有很大的应用前景。

  10. Remote monitoring of ICDs and CRTs

    Niraj Varma


    Full Text Available Cardiac implantable electronic devices are increasing in prevalence and functionality. Post-implant follow-up is important for monitoring both device function and patient condition. However, practice is inconsistent. For example, ICD follow-up schedules vary from 3 months to yearly according to facility and physician preference and availability of resources. Recommended follow-up schedules impose significant burden. Importantly, no surveillance occurs between follow-up visits. In contrast, implantable devices with automatic remote monitoring capability provide a means for performing constant surveillance, with the ability to identify salient problems rapidly. Results from large randomized prospective trials of all types of CIEDs from different manufacturers, and conducted in different countries, consistently indicate superior performance to conventional care for achieving the current follow-up goals of patient retention and early problem discovery, improving patient safety and convenience, yet promoting clinic efficiencies. Thus, automatic remote home monitoring is a transforming technology in the evolution of CIEDs, and is poised for remarkable gains in disease management.

  11. Multi-Channel Auto-Dilution System for Remote Continuous Monitoring of High Soil-CO2 Fluxes

    Amonette, James E.; Barr, Jonathan L.


    Geological sequestration has the potential capacity and longevity to significantly decrease the amount of anthropogenic CO2 introduced into the atmosphere by combustion of fossil fuels such as coal. Effective sequestration, however, requires the ability to verify the integrity of the reservoir and ensure that potential leakage rates are kept to a minimum. Moreover, understanding the pathways by which CO2 migrates to the surface is critical to assessing the risks and developing remediation approaches. Field experiments, such as those conducted at the Zero Emissions Research and Technology (ZERT) project test site in Bozeman, Montana, require a flexible CO2 monitoring system that can accurately and continuously measure soil-surface CO2 fluxes for multiple sampling points at concentrations ranging from background levels to several tens of percent. To meet this need, PNNL is developing a multi-port battery-operated system capable of both spatial and temporal monitoring of CO2 at concentrations from ambient to at least 150,000 ppmv. This report describes the system components (sampling chambers, measurement and control system, and power supply) and the results of a field test at the ZERT site during the late summer and fall of 2008. While the system performed well overall during the field test, several improvements to the system are suggested for implementation in FY2009.

  12. A Framework for Resilient Remote Monitoring


    monitored system. This paper describes the security architecture of Gestalt , a next-generation cyber informa- tion management platform that aims to...increase in the attack surface of the monitored system. This paper describes the security architecture of Gestalt , a next-generation cyber information... Gestalt ?s federated monitoring architecture is based on the principles of strong isolation, leastprivilege policies, defense-in-depth, crypto-strong

  13. Remote Real-Time Monitoring of Subsurface Landfill Gas Migration

    Alan F. Smeaton


    Full Text Available The cost of monitoring greenhouse gas emissions from landfill sites is of major concern for regulatory authorities. The current monitoring procedure is recognised as labour intensive, requiring agency inspectors to physically travel to perimeter borehole wells in rough terrain and manually measure gas concentration levels with expensive hand-held instrumentation. In this article we present a cost-effective and efficient system for remotely monitoring landfill subsurface migration of methane and carbon dioxide concentration levels. Based purely on an autonomous sensing architecture, the proposed sensing platform was capable of performing complex analytical measurements in situ and successfully communicating the data remotely to a cloud database. A web tool was developed to present the sensed data to relevant stakeholders. We report our experiences in deploying such an approach in the field over a period of approximately 16 months.

  14. Validation of a real-time wireless telemedicine system, using bluetooth protocol and a mobile phone, for remote monitoring patient in medical practice.

    Yousef, Jasemian; Lars, A N


    This paper validates the integration of a generic real-time wireless telemedicine system utilising Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), BLUETOOTH protocol and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) for cellular network in clinical practice. In the first experiment, the system was tested on 24 pacemaker patients at Aalborg Hospital (Denmark), in order to see if the pacemaker implant would be affected by the system. I the second experiment, the system was tested on 15 non risky arrhythmia heart patients, in order to evaluate and validate the system application in clinical practice, for patient monitoring. Electrocardiograms were selected as the continuously monitored parameter in the present study. The results showed that the system had no negative effects on the pacemaker implants. The experiment results showed, that in a realistic environment for the patients, the system had 96.1 % up-time, 3.2 (kbps) throughput, 10(-3) (packet/s) Packet Error Rate and 10(-3) (packet/s) Packet Lost Rate. During 24 hours test the network did not respond for 57 minutes, from which 83.1 % was in the range of 0-3 minutes, 15.4 % was in the range of 3-5 minutes, and only 0.7 % of the down-time was > or = 5 and < or = 6 minutes. By a subjective evaluation, it was demonstrated that the system is applicable and the patients as well as the healthcare personals were highly confident with the system. Moreover, the patients had high degree of mobility and freedom, employing the system. In conclusion, this generic telemedicine system showed a high reliability, quality and performance, and the design can provide a basic principle for real-time wireless remote monitoring systems used in clinical practice.

  15. Tractive resistance remote monitor system for no-tillage seeder%少免耕播种机牵引阻力远程监测系统

    尹彦鑫; 郑永军; 成智华; 谭彧; 王书茂


    针对少免耕播种机牵引阻力的监测,该文提出了一种能够实时采集信号、无线传输数据、现场移动监测、远程同步监测的少免耕播种机牵引阻力监测系统。该系统通过在3点悬挂杆铰接处安装2维轴销测力传感器实现对其受力情况的实时检测。采用无线传感网络技术(wireless sensor network,WSN)实现传感器信号采集和数据短距离无线传输。采用嵌入式技术开发无线数据监测移动终端,实现牵引阻力的现场监测以及数据转发。利用Visual C++开发的远程监测软件,在远程计算机上实现牵引阻力的动态监测、实时显示、在线分析和批量存储。经计量,该系统模拟量检测最大误差为4 mV,线性度为0.04%。田间试验表明:系统实现了少免耕播种机牵引阻力的现场移动监测以及远程同步监测,系统使用方便并降低了田间测试的复杂程度。%As a kind of key equipment for conservation tillage, no-tillage seeder was increasingly hot in agricultural machinery field. The traction of no-tillage seeder, which was mainly transmitted from tractor through three-point hitch mechanism, was important to working performance and safety of no-tillage seeder, and became an important monitor parameter during no-tillage seeder working. In recent years, some research were studied for tractive resistance monitor, such as five-bar dynamometer designed by Yu Yan from Shenyang Agricultural University, and three-pin summing circuit designed by Xun Chunlin from Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, the research mentioned above had achieved much whereas there were still some problems to be studied, which were including inconvenient use of the data acquirement equipment, field monitor only with wire transmission, soil-bin testing without filed testing and so on. This paper, which was aimed at tractive resistance remote monitor, developed a system that could collect signal at real time

  16. Design of the Remote Monitoring System Based on Embedded Linux%基于嵌入式Linux远程监控系统设计

    刘滨; 朱雁祥; 姜天淇


      该系统采用ARM内核的S3C2410芯片作为处理器,以嵌入式Linux平台作为服务端,通过ZC301摄像头采集图像,将嵌入式Linux操作系统与图像处理技术及网络传输相结合,设计出一种基于嵌入式web服务器的C/S模式的远程监控系统。%This system adopts ARM kernel S3C2410 as its CPU, the server program runs under the embedded Linux system plat-form, images is captured by ZC301 camera. In this paper, a C/S remote monitoring system based on embedded web server is de-signed with combining embedded Linux OS and image disposing technology transport by the web.

  17. Monitoring of resistivity and IP: The Syscal Monitoring Unit (SMU), a new system dedicated for remote control of the Syscal Pro resistivimeter

    Gance, Julien; Leite, Orlando; Texier, Benoît; Bernard, Jean; Truffert, Catherine


    All matter, gas, fluids and energy transfer at soil/atmosphere interface govern soil, rock and life evolution in the critical zone. Near surface electrical resistivity and chargeability modifications with time are distinguishable and process related enough for bringing to geoscientist relevant clue within this highly studied zone. Such non-invasive measurements are directly sensitive to a wide range of remarkable parameters (soil water content, temperature, soil water conductivity, clay content, etc.). In order to increase physical, chemical and biological processes understanding, resistivity and IP monitoring remain the less costly and the more powerful method among others. Indeed, these methods are the most suitable to image 2D/3D and 4D processes in an automated way. Whether such geophysical survey are for academic knowledge, waste landfill leakage or landslide monitoring purpose, it has to be done during medium to long period of time (from days to years). Nevertheless, operators don't need to be on site all the survey long. So, equipment manufacturers had to propose them suitable solutions for their needs. Syscal Pro resistivimeter is well adapted to observe the critical zone down to 100 m depth with its 10 channels and 250 watts. Its high speed recording (up to 1000 records/min) ability is also suited to apprehend expected kinetics of studied phenomena. In this context, IRIS Instruments developed a dedicated remote unit able to remote control Syscal Pro resistivimeter. It allows to change acquisition parameters (sequences), to check the main constant (battery levels, internal temperature) and to alert in case of any recording troubles. Data can be sent directly to FTP or SSH server or by mail for an easy and constant access to the data. Alert functionalities sent by mail in case of low battery or too many outliers present in the data are welcome to check the dimensioning of the energy source and for easily maintaining the long-term acquisition necessary for

  18. Remote personal health monitoring with radio waves

    Nguyen, Andrew


    We present several techniques utilizing radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology for personal health monitoring. One technique involves using RFID sensors external to the human body, while another technique uses both internal and external RFID sensors. Simultaneous monitoring of many patients in a hospital setting can also be done using networks of RFID sensors. All the monitoring are done wirelessly, either continuously or periodically in any interval, in which the sensors collect information on human parts such as the lungs or heart and transmit this information to a router, PC or PDA device connected to the internet, from which patient's condition can be diagnosed and viewed by authorized medical professionals in remote locations. Instantaneous information allows medical professionals to intervene properly and timely to prevent possible catastrophic effects to patients. The continuously monitored information provides medical professionals more complete and long-term studies of patients. All of these result in not only enhancement of the health treatment quality but also significant reduction of medical expenditure. These techniques demonstrate that health monitoring of patients can be done wirelessly at any time and any place without interfering with the patients' normal activities. Implementing the RFID technology would not only help reduce the enormous and significantly growing medical costs in the U.S.A., but also help improve the health treatment capability as well as enhance the understanding of long-term personal health and illness.

  19. Design of remote monitoring system on wellsite based on GPRS%基于GPRS的井场远程监测系统应用

    杨朝锋; 黄玉志; 马彬; 李升霖


    油井监测是油田生产的重要工作之一.文章介绍了偏远山区油田选择GPRS通信方案的优势,设计了一款适合延长油田的井场远程监控系统,将数据采集、短距离无线通讯技术和GPRS远距离传输技术融合在一起,实现了重要生产数据的采集、处理、远传.%Oil well monitoring is one of the important works in oilfield production.The advantage for the remote mountainous of GPRS communication scheme are introduced,a remote monitoring system for Yanchang oilfield is designed.It mixes the date acquisition,the short distance wireless communication technology and the GPRS long-distance transmission technology together,and it achieves important production data acquisition,processing and eletransmission.

  20. A Mobile Health Data Collection System for Remote Areas to Monitor Women Participating in a Cervical Cancer Screening Campaign.

    Quercia, Kelly; Tran, Phuong Lien; Jinoro, Jéromine; Herniainasolo, Joséa Lea; Viviano, Manuela; Vassilakos, Pierre; Benski, Caroline; Petignat, Patrick


    Barriers to efficient cervical cancer screening in low- and medium-income countries include the lack of systematic monitoring of the participants' data. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a mobile health (m-Health) data collection system to facilitate monitoring of women participating to cervical cancer screening campaign. Women aged 30-65 years, participating in a cervical cancer screening campaign in Ambanja, Madagascar, were invited to participate in the study. Cervical Cancer Prevention System, an m-Health application, allows the registration of clinical data, while women are undergoing cervical cancer screening. All data registered in the smartphone were transmitted onto a secure, Web-based platform through the use of an Internet connection. Healthcare providers had access to the central database and could use it for the follow-up visits. Quality of data was assessed by computing the percentage of key data missing. A total of 151 women were recruited in the study. Mean age of participants was 41.8 years. The percentage of missing data for the key variables was less than 0.02%, corresponding to one woman's medical history data, which was not sent to the central database. Technical problems, including transmission of photos, human papillomavirus test results, and pelvic examination data, have subsequently been solved through a system update. The quality of the data was satisfactory and allowed monitoring of cervical cancer screening data of participants. Larger studies evaluating the efficacy of the system for the women's follow-up are needed in order to confirm its efficiency on a long-term scale.

  1. Design and Development of Remote Monitoring System of Grain Depot%粮库远程监管系统的设计与开发



    本文介绍的粮库远程监管系统基于Java EE平台,采用Web Service技术,能够采集数字粮库系统的业务数据,传输并保存到系统数据库中,具有查询地理地图、个性化首页、统计分析、粮情监测分析、业务单据索引以及视频监控等功能,能够对粮食收购、销售、保管等业务的全过程进行监管。%This paper introduces the grain remote monitoring system based on Java EE platform,using Web Service technology,business data can be collected the digital grain depot system,transmission and save to data base query system,has a geographical map,personalized home page,statistical analysis, grain condition monitoring and analysis,business document indexing and video monitoring function,to supervise the whole course of grain purchase,sale,storage and other business to.

  2. Remote self-contained undersea monitor

    Page, R. E.


    A remote oceanographic data recording system which is self-contained battery operated and removably attachable to an external surface of a submerged hull without a need to penetrate said hull is presented. The system is capable of gathering and recording oceanographic data and may be joined to the hull of a submarine without interfering in submarine operation in any way. The system receives analog ac and dc electrical input signals from a variety of oceanographic data sensors and converts the signals to digital data signals for recording on magnetic tape cassette. The housing the system is watertight and capable of withstanding external hydrostatic pressures up to 1620 psi.

  3. Preliminary Analysis of Remote Monitoring & Robotic Concepts for Performance Confirmation

    D.A. McAffee


    As defined in 10 CFR Part 60.2, Performance Confirmation is the ''program of tests, experiments and analyses which is conducted to evaluate the accuracy and adequacy of the information used to determine with reasonable assurance that the performance objectives for the period after permanent closure will be met''. The overall Performance Confirmation program begins during site characterization and continues up to repository closure. The main purpose of this document is to develop, explore and analyze initial concepts for using remotely operated and robotic systems in gathering repository performance information during Performance Confirmation. This analysis focuses primarily on possible Performance Confirmation related applications within the emplacement drifts after waste packages have been emplaced (post-emplacement) and before permanent closure of the repository (preclosure). This will be a period of time lasting approximately 100 years and basically coincides with the Caretaker phase of the project. This analysis also examines, to a lesser extent, some applications related to Caretaker operations. A previous report examined remote handling and robotic technologies that could be employed during the waste package emplacement phase of the project (Reference 5.1). This analysis is being prepared to provide an early investigation of possible design concepts and technical challenges associated with developing remote systems for monitoring and inspecting activities during Performance Confirmation. The writing of this analysis preceded formal development of Performance Confirmation functional requirements and program plans and therefore examines, in part, the fundamental Performance Confirmation monitoring needs and operating conditions. The scope and primary objectives of this analysis are to: (1) Describe the operating environment and conditions expected in the emplacement drifts during the preclosure period. (Presented in Section 7.2). (2




    Since 1993, the IAEA has made great progress in the implementation of remote monitoring. Equipment has been developed and tested, and installed systems are being used for safeguards purposes. The cost of equipment, the complexity of communication technology, and maintenance of the equipment are challenges that still face the IAEA. Resolution of these challenges will require significant effort. The USSP is committed to assisting the IAEA to overcome these challenges.

  5. Regional Drought Monitoring Based on Multi-Sensor Remote Sensing

    Rhee, Jinyoung; Im, Jungho; Park, Seonyoung


    of land cover types. Remote sensing data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite (TRMM) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), and Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS (AMSR-E) sensors were obtained for the period from 2000 to 2012, and observation data from 99 weather stations, 441 streamflow gauges, as well as the gridded observation data from Asian Precipitation Highly-Resolved Observational Data Integration Towards Evaluation of the Water Resources (APHRODITE) were obtained for validation. The objective blends of multiple indicators helped better assessment of various types of drought, and can be useful for drought early warning system. Since the improved SDCI is based on remotely sensed data, it can be easily applied to regions with limited or no observation data for drought assessment and monitoring.

  6. Availability of a remote online hemodynamic monitoring system during treatment in a private dental office for medically high-risk patients

    Shinya Yamazaki


    Full Text Available Shinya Yamazaki, Hiroyoshi Kawaai, Shigeo Sasaki, Kazuhiro Shimamura, Hiroshi Segawa, Takahiro SaitoSpecial Care Department in Dentistry, Ohu University Dental Hospital, Koriyama city, Fukushima prefecture, JapanAbstract: The importance of systemic management to prevent accidents is increasing in dentistry because co-morbid illnesses in an aging society and invasive surgical procedures are increasing. In this prefecture, a new medical system called the remote online hemodynamic monitoring system (ROHMs was started in 2001. Eight private dental offices participated in this trial. When dental practitioners feel the risk of a dental procedure, they can contact via ROHMs to this hospital. Then, the hemodynamic data (blood pressure, heart rate, ECG, SpO2, and RPP of the patient in the clinic can be transmitted here via the internet, and the images and the voice can be transmitted as well. The availability of this system was assessed in 66 patients (98 cases. The most frequent complications were hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes mellitus. Systemic management included monitoring during the dental procedure (71.4%, checking vital signs after an interview (15.3%, and monitoring under sedation (13.3%. There were 35.7% of all cases where an unscheduled procedure was necessary for the systemic management. Based on a questionnaire, the majority of the patients felt relieved and safe. This system creates a situation where a specialist is almost present during the procedure. This system will provide significant assistance for future medical cooperation for risk management.Keywords: online, high-risk patient, dental treatment, medical cooperation, medical accident, risk management

  7. Nekton Interaction Monitoring System


    The software provides a real-time processing system for sonar to detect and track animals, and to extract water column biomass statistics in order to facilitate continuous monitoring of an underwater environment. The Nekton Interaction Monitoring System (NIMS) extracts and archives tracking and backscatter statistics data from a real-time stream of data from a sonar device. NIMS also sends real-time tracking messages over the network that can be used by other systems to generate other metrics or to trigger instruments such as an optical video camera. A web-based user interface provides remote monitoring and control. NIMS currently supports three popular sonar devices: M3 multi-beam sonar (Kongsberg), EK60 split-beam echo-sounder (Simrad) and BlueView acoustic camera (Teledyne).

  8. Design of breath gas alcohol content detector remote monitoring system%呼出气体酒精含量远程监测系统的设计

    高锋; 李宁; 张崇军; 郑建利; 刘金峰


    设计了一种呼出气体酒精含量远程监测系统,该系统将手持式智能终端与呼出气体酒精含量检测仪通过蓝牙进行连接,引入正负压检测吹气、根据设备编号和身份信息核实被测试者身份、比对被测试者脸部图像与预置信息是否一致等采样防作弊设计以保证数据采集的可靠性,结合后台服务器的数据处理,实现了对被测试者呼出气体酒精含量的有效远程监测。实践证明,该系统操作简单、数据准确,对控制驾驶员饮酒行为、防止二次犯罪的发生有积极作用。%A breath gas alcohol content remote monitoring system was designed.The system connected hand-held intelligent terminal and breath gas alcohol content detector through the bluetooth,introduced preset sampling anti-cheating designs such as positive pressure and negative pressure blowing detection, verified subjects identity according to equipment number and identity information,and compared subjects'facial image with preset information to ensure the reliability of data collection.Combined with the data pro-cessing of backend server,the subjects'breath gas alcohol content remote monitoring was effectively real-ized.Practice proved that the system was simple in operation and accurate in data and it had a positive effect on controlling the driver's drinking behavior and preventing secondary crime.

  9. 远程燃油自动监控系统%The Auto-Monitoring System of Remote Fuel

    关学忠; 侯佳欣; 邱琳琳


    首先本文对钻井燃油流量和燃油罐液位自动监测系统进行总体结构设计,然后以STC单片机为主控制器,通过超声波流量计读取管道内流体瞬时流量和累计流量等相关参数,由GPS卫星定位器进行井场位置定位,利用温度临测系统对各个箱体的温度进行实时测量,另外通过液位监测模块实时监控油罐液位的高度值,出现异常情况时,及时报警.最后.,由两个GPRS通讯模块将采集到的数据传输到控制中心管理系统通过上位机件进行实时显示,并且存入数据库,由此实现燃油流量和液位的自动监测功能.%Firstly, this paper provides the overall structural design of the drilling fuel flow rate and drilling fuel tank level automatic monitoring system, then using STC MCU as the main controller, gets instantaneous flow rate and accumulated flow via ultrasonic flow-meter, the position of the well can be located by the GPS. With the temperature monitoring module can achieve the real-time temperature measurement in each box. And also get the height of liquid by the liquid level monitoring module. If abnormal situations happen, warning in time. Lastly, the data collected are transmitted to the control center by two GPRS communication modules, real time display can be achieved by the software of PC. Thus it achieve the function of automatic monitoring of fuel flow rate and fuel tank level.

  10. Remote temperature monitoring and electronic identification in food animals

    Seawright, G.L.; Holm, D.M.; Sanders, W.M.


    Two radiotelemetric systems were developed for remote monitoring of body temperature in livestock. A battery-powered transmitter system was developed as a laboratory tool for remote continuous monitoring of ear-canal temperatures in animals used in vaccine trials and in studies of livestock diseases. An automated data-recording and processing system was also developed. Pilot studies in cattle indicate that the system will be a valuable quantitative tool for vaccine testing and animal experiments. A second telemetry system was developed for widescale use in the livestock industry. It relies on an implantable passive (no batteries) transponder that is energized by an external source of microwaves to transmit temperature and decimal digit identification to a remote receiver. The animal identification feature, coupled with computers, offers the livestock producer unprecedented capabilities for efficient management of his operation. The temperature feature of transponders can aid in disease detection and control, disease diagnosis, and stress and ovulation detection. Its use for identifying temperature markers in disease and stress-tolerent breeding stock may be valuable in selective breeding programs.

  11. Monitoring and Assessment of Saltwater Intrusion using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing and Geophysical measurements of Guimaras Island, Philippines

    Hernandez, B. C. B.


    Degrading groundwater quality due to saltwater intrusion is one of the key challenges affecting many island aquifers. These islands hold limited capacity for groundwater storage and highly dependent on recharge due to precipitation. But its ease of use, natural storage and accessibility make it more vulnerable to exploitation and more susceptible to encroachment from its surrounding oceanic waters. Estimating the extent of saltwater intrusion and the state of groundwater resources are important in predicting and managing water supply options for the community. In Guimaras island, central Philippines, increasing settlements, agriculture and tourism are causing stresses on its groundwater resource. Indications of saltwater intrusion have already been found at various coastal areas in the island. A Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based approach using the GALDIT index was carried out. This includes six parameters assessing the seawater intrusion vulnerability of each hydrogeologic setting: Groundwater occurrence, Aquifer hydraulic conductivity, Groundwater Level above sea, Distance to shore, Impact of existing intrusion and Thickness of Aquifer. To further determine the extent of intrusion, Landsat images of various thematic layers were stacked and processed for unsupervised classification and electrical resistivity tomography using a 28-electrode system with array lengths of 150 and 300 meters was conducted. The GIS index showed where the vulnerable areas are located, while the geophysical measurements and images revealed extent of seawater encroachment along the monitoring wells. These results are further confirmed by the measurements collected from the monitoring wells. This study presents baseline information on the state of groundwater resources and increase understanding of saltwater intrusion dynamics in island ecosystems by providing a guideline for better water resource management in the Philippines.

  12. Application of Agent technology in network remote monitoring system%Agent技术在网络远程监控系统中的应用



    为了适应大规模计算机网络管理发展的需要,在此提出了对网络终端健康运行状况监控和处理的网络远程监控系统。借鉴现代人工智能的Agent技术,完成终端设备的环境数据采集和简单的分析和判断,降低服务控制设备的运算压力,减少网络传输数据流量,实现了具有自治性和智能性的大规模计算机网络终端远程监控系统体系结构。大幅度提高了整个监控系统的处理性能,降低了对被控制网络的影响。通过具体的软件系统分析,设计了以Agent技术为核心的程序流程,并给出了Java语言实现的程序框架。改进了传统系统的整体性能。%In order to meet the requirement of large-scale computer network management and improve the safety of large-scale computer network,a network remote monitoring system to deal with healthy running status of network terminal is proposed in this paper. The Agent technology with artificial intelligence is used to complete the environmental data acquisition,analysis and judgement of terminal system,reduce calculation intensity of control system,and decrease network transmission data traffic. The systematic structure of the intelligent remote monitoring system for large-scale computer network terminals was realized, which improved the processing capability of the whole monitoring system and reduce the influence on the controlled networks. The program flow based on Agent technology was designed. The program framework realized with Java language is offered. The performance of the traditional system was improved.

  13. Remote instrumentation and safeguards monitoring for the star project

    Buettner, H M; Labiak, W; Spiridon, A


    A part of the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI) is the development of the Small Transportable Autonomous Reactor (STAR) for deployment in countries that do not have a nuclear industry. STARs would have an output of from 100 to 150 MW electric, would be fueled in the country of manufacture, and after 15 to 20 years of operation the reactor core would be returned to the country of manufacture for refueling. A candidate STAR design can be found in (Greenspan, 2000). This paper describes the design of the control and monitoring system that might be used. There are two unique features to this system. One is that the monitored information will be transmitted to a remote site for two purposes, safeguards, and allowing experts a great distance away direct access to view the reactor's operating parameters. The second feature is safeguards sensors will be designed into the system and there will monitoring of the safeguards aspects of the system for tampering. Any safeguards anomalies will be sent to the remote site as alarms. Encrypted satellite communications will be used to transmit the data. These features allow the STAR to be operated by a small staff and will reduce the costs of safeguards monitoring by reducing the number of plant visits by inspectors.

  14. Remote instrumentation and safeguards monitoring for the star project

    Buettner, H M; Labiak, W; Spiridon, A


    A part of the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI) is the development of the Small Transportable Autonomous Reactor (STAR) for deployment in countries that do not have a nuclear industry. STARs would have an output of from 100 to 150 MW electric, would be fueled in the country of manufacture, and after 15 to 20 years of operation the reactor core would be returned to the country of manufacture for refueling. A candidate STAR design can be found in (Greenspan, 2000). This paper describes the design of the control and monitoring system that might be used. There are two unique features to this system. One is that the monitored information will be transmitted to a remote site for two purposes, safeguards, and allowing experts a great distance away direct access to view the reactor's operating parameters. The second feature is safeguards sensors will be designed into the system and there will monitoring of the safeguards aspects of the system for tampering. Any safeguards anomalies will be sent to the remote site as alarms. Encrypted satellite communications will be used to transmit the data. These features allow the STAR to be operated by a small staff and will reduce the costs of safeguards monitoring by reducing the number of plant visits by inspectors.

  15. Design of a Remote Monitoring and Alarming System%一种远程监控报警系统的设计

    余湧; 马娅婕; 彭攀来; 刘智旸


    With the open source hardware Raspberry Pi as the core of the monitoring and alarm system, combining with the WebCam camera, and using the mature GPRS technology, the remote automatic monitoring and alarming system which is suitable for home security and unattended areas is designed. The overall structure, functions and hardware composition, software structure and function modules as well as the communication mode among all the parts are introduced. In order to achieve the purpose of the remote monitoring and alarming, when obvious moving of the object is detected in monitoring graphics of camera, the image is captured automatically and sent by E-mail, and the image and video segment are saved;the alarm information is also sent to the user. From the tests, it is found that the system operates stably and reliably, it has certain applicable value.%以开源硬件Raspberry Pi作为监控与报警系统的核心,结合WebCam摄像头,运用成熟的GPRS技术,设计了一种适用于家庭安防和无人值守等领域的远程自动监控报警系统。介绍了系统的总体结构、功能,硬件组成、软件结构与功能模块,以及各部分之间的通信方式。当系统侦测到摄像头监控画面中有物体发生明显移动时,将自动捕捉并以电子邮件的形式发出物体运动图像,同时保存图像和视频片段并向用户发送报警信息,从而实现远程监控报警。经过测试运行,系统能够正常、稳定地工作,可靠性较高,具有一定的使用价值。

  16. Remote online machine fault diagnostic system

    Pan, Min-Chun; Li, Po-Ching


    The study aims at implementing a remote online machine fault diagnostic system built up in the architecture of both the BCB software-developing environment and Internet transmission communication. Variant signal-processing computation schemes for signal analysis and pattern recognition purposes are implemented in the BCB graphical user interface. Hence, machine fault diagnostic capability can be extended by using the socket application program interface as the TCP/IP protocol. In the study, the effectiveness of the developed remote diagnostic system is validated by monitoring a transmission-element test rig. A complete monitoring cycle includes data acquisition, signal processing, feature extraction, pattern recognition through the ANNs, and online video monitoring, is demonstrated.

  17. The use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) for geological monitoring and mapping in mountain area: test and results

    Taddia, Glenda; Piras, Marco; Forno, Gabriella M.; Gattiglio, Marco; Lingua, Andrea; Lo Russo, Stefano


    Geological mapping is an interpretive process involving multiple types of information, from analytical data to subjective observations, collected and synthesized by a researcher. With field experience, geologists generally develop effective personal styles of relatively efficient mapping. Each geologic map, regardless of scale, requires a certain level of field mapping, where data are recorded on a topographic map and on aerial images, with notes in a field book. Traditionally, geological elements are hand-transferred to a cartography, on which the final map is prepared for publication using known cartographic techniques. Cartography and topographic support are traditionally produced with aerial photogrammetry method, but nowadays, the coming of the Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) or so called UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) can help the geologist to produce similar support, but reducing cost, increasing the productivity , to have a more flexible system and more. In this case, the commercial fixed-wing system EBEE has been tested by producing a dense digital surface model (DDSM) of the bedrock, Quaternary sediments and landforms in a sector of the alpine Rodoretto Valley, a tributary of the Germanasca Valley (northwestern Italy). The Germanasca Valley is located along the north-south tectonic thrust between the Dora Maira Massif, which outcrops on the valley's right side and the Greenstone and Schist Complex visible on the left side. These nappe systems include the Penninic Domain (Lower, Medium and Upper Penninic units) and the Piedmont Zone. The landforms and surficial sediments in this valley have resulted from the combinate effects of the Quaternary alpine glacial phases and deep-seated gravitative slope deformations. In the area of investigation only monotonous calcshists of the Greenstone and Schist Complex (GS) occur, with a regional foliation dipping 20-30° to N30E and the examined area is located between 2500 m and 1760 m. The area appears elongated

  18. Improved ground-based remote-sensing systems help monitor plant response to climate and other changes

    Dye, Dennis G.; Bogle, Rian C.


    Scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey are improving and developing new ground-based remote-sensing instruments and techniques to study how Earth’s vegetation responds to changing climates. Do seasonal grasslands and forests “green up” early (or late) and grow more (or less) during unusually warm years? How do changes in temperature and precipitation affect these patterns? Innovations in ground-based remote-sensing instrumentation can help us understand, assess, and mitigate the effects of climate change on vegetation and related land resources.

  19. Patient perspective on remote monitoring of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices

    Versteeg, H; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Mastenbroek, M H;


    BACKGROUND: Remote patient monitoring is a safe and effective alternative for the in-clinic follow-up of patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). However, evidence on the patient perspective on remote monitoring is scarce and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The primary...

  20. Analysis and optimization of Linux remote monitoring system based on DSP%基于DSP的Linux远程监控系统设计分析与优化

    李森; 王超


    针对当前大多数数字信号处理器在控制和内存管理方面的缺陷,本文提出一个面向网络设备的嵌入式监控模型。该模型能最大限度的发挥数字信号处理器的性能,通过DSP芯片完成网络远程监控系统的主体搭建,并在此基础上进行此DSP系统的Linux平台移植,最后对视频压缩模块和实时传输模块进行四种优化方案阐述和测试分析。%For the defects in the control and memory management of the most current digital signal processor,in this paper a network model was depicted based on embedded monitoring.The model can maximize the performance of the digital signal processor,and build the main network remote monitoring system by DSP chip,then migrate it to Linux system,we describe four plans which can optimize the performance of video compress module and real-time transmission module,the testing results show the validity of these plan.

  1. Remote monitoring of biodynamic activity using electric potential sensors

    Harl, C J; Prance, R J; Prance, H [Centre for Physical Electronics and Quantum Technology, Department of Engineering and Design, School of Science and Technology, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QT (United Kingdom)], E-mail:


    Previous work in applying the electric potential sensor to the monitoring of body electrophysiological signals has shown that it is now possible to monitor these signals without needing to make any electrical contact with the body. Conventional electrophysiology makes use of electrodes which are placed in direct electrical contact with the skin. The electric potential sensor requires no cutaneous electrical contact, it operates by sensing the displacement current using a capacitive coupling. When high resolution body electrophysiology is required a strong (capacitive) coupling is used to maximise the collected signal. However, in remote applications where there is typically an air-gap between the body and the sensor only a weak coupling can be achieved. In this paper we demonstrate that the electric potential sensor can be successfully used for the remote sensing and monitoring of bioelectric activity. We show examples of heart-rate measurements taken from a seated subject using sensors mounted in the chair. We also show that it is possible to monitor body movements on the opposite side of a wall to the sensor. These sensing techniques have biomedical applications for non-contact monitoring of electrophysiological conditions and can be applied to passive through-the-wall surveillance systems for security applications.

  2. 客户机/服务器模式的远程监控系统设计%Establishing a remote monitoring and control system based on client/server model

    荣天琪; 张宗杰; 刘彤


      随着远程办公需求的增加,以及企业便捷管理的需要,实现计算机远程监控是一种必然趋势。远程监控技术极大地方便了办公网络的维护与控制,通过 VC++编写 Windows 应用程序,实现网络的互联、聊天、文件传输以及远程桌面控制。介绍了实现基于客户机/服务器模式的远程监控系统所用到的基本算法与思路,分析了远程监控的基本原理,并提供了调试过程。%  With the growing demand for telecommuting and the enterprise management 's convenience, remote moni-toring is an inevitable trend.Remote monitoring technology greatly facilitates the maintenance and control of the telecommuting.The system is a Windows application programme written by VC ++to realize functions such as net-work interconnection, chat, file transfer, and remote desktop control.This article describes the basic algorithms and ideas used in remote monitoring system based on client /server model, analyzes the basic principles of remote monitoring, and provides the debugging procedure .

  3. Remote Control and Monitoring of VLBI Experiments by Smartphones

    Ruztort, C. H.; Hase, H.; Zapata, O.; Pedreros, F.


    For the remote control and monitoring of VLBI operations, we developed a software optimized for smartphones. This is a new tool based on a client-server architecture with a Web interface optimized for smartphone screens and cellphone networks. The server uses variables of the Field System and its station specific parameters stored in the shared memory. The client running on the smartphone by a Web interface analyzes and visualizes the current status of the radio telescope, receiver, schedule, and recorder. In addition, it allows commands to be sent remotely to the Field System computer and displays the log entries. The user has full access to the entire operation process, which is important in emergency cases. The software also integrates a webcam interface.

  4. Remote sensing monitoring of the global ozonosphere

    Genco, S.; Bortoli, D.; Ravegnani, F.


    The use of CFCs, which are the main responsible for the ozone depletion in the upper atmosphere and the formation of the so-called "ozone hole" over Antarctic Region, was phase out by Montreal Protocol (1989). CFCs' concentration is recently reported to decrease in the free atmosphere, but severe episodes of ozone depletion in both Arctic and Antarctic regions are still occurring. Nevertheless the complete recovery of the Ozone layer is expected by about 2050. Recent simulation of perturbations in stratospheric chemistry highlight that circulation, temperature and composition are strictly correlated and they influence the global climate changes. Chemical composition plays an important role in the thermodynamic of the atmosphere, as every gaseous species can absorb and emit in different wavelengths, so their different concentration is responsible for the heating or cooling of the atmosphere. Therefore long-term observations are required to monitor the evolution of the stratospheric ozone layer. Measurements from satellite remote sensing instruments, which provide wide coverage, are supplementary to selective ground-based observations which are usually better calibrated, more stable in time and cover a wider time span. The combination of the data derived from different space-borne instruments calibrated with ground-based sensors is needed to produce homogeneous and consistent long-term data records. These last are required for robust investigations and especially for trend analysis. Here, we perform a review of the major remote-sensing techniques and of the principal datasets available to study the evolution of ozone layer in the past decades and predict future behavio

  5. Remote Physical Activity Monitoring in Neurological Disease: A Systematic Review.

    Valerie A J Block

    Full Text Available To perform a systematic review of studies using remote physical activity monitoring in neurological diseases, highlighting advances and determining gaps.Studies were systematically identified in PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL and SCOPUS from January 2004 to December 2014 that monitored physical activity for ≥24 hours in adults with neurological diseases. Studies that measured only involuntary motor activity (tremor, seizures, energy expenditure or sleep were excluded. Feasibility, findings, and protocols were examined.137 studies met inclusion criteria in multiple sclerosis (MS (61 studies; stroke (41; Parkinson's Disease (PD (20; dementia (11; traumatic brain injury (2 and ataxia (1. Physical activity levels measured by remote monitoring are consistently low in people with MS, stroke and dementia, and patterns of physical activity are altered in PD. In MS, decreased ambulatory activity assessed via remote monitoring is associated with greater disability and lower quality of life. In stroke, remote measures of upper limb function and ambulation are associated with functional recovery following rehabilitation and goal-directed interventions. In PD, remote monitoring may help to predict falls. In dementia, remote physical activity measures correlate with disease severity and can detect wandering.These studies show that remote physical activity monitoring is feasible in neurological diseases, including in people with moderate to severe neurological disability. Remote monitoring can be a psychometrically sound and responsive way to assess physical activity in neurological disease. Further research is needed to ensure these tools provide meaningful information in the context of specific neurological disorders and patterns of neurological disability.

  6. Autonomic neural control and implications for remote medical monitoring in space.

    Cooke, William H


    Long-duration space travel or extended stays on the moon or Mars will pose new challenges for maintaining and monitoring the health status of astronauts. Remote medical monitoring systems will need to be developed for a number of applications, including providing decision support for care-givers in the event of traumatic injury in space. The focus of this brief review is to introduce potential methods of monitoring astronaut status remotely from simple ECG recordings.

  7. Remote monitoring technical review for light water reactors (Phase 1)

    Park, Seung Sik; Yoon, Wan Ki; Na, Won Woo; Kwack, Eun Ho [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)


    The IAEA has been conducting a field trial of a Remote Monitoring System (RMS) at the spent fuel storage, Younggwang 3 nuclear power plant. The system installation plan was initiated after the agreement in the 7th ROK-IAEA safeguards Implementation Review Meeting that was held in Soul, 1998. It describes that IAEA and Korea proceed RM tasks Implementation of RMS at LWRs in the ROK for field trials. The project of RMS is conducting through 3 stages with timing. RMS has been installed for the Phase I of field trial, one of two stages at Younggwang Unit 3 in October 1998. The RMS consists of video systems and a seal at the spent fuel pond area. This report provides a description of the monitoring system and its functions focusing on several technical points of the installation and its 6 month operation at Younggwang Unit 3. Subjects are selected and analyzed in the three chapters, IAEA safeguards policy on Remote Monitoring, the technology, and field test experiences. 8 refs., 12 figs., 12 tabs. (Author)

  8. Ethernet Based Remote Monitoring And Control Of Temperature By Using Rabbit Processor



    Full Text Available Networking is a major component of the processes and control instrumentation systems as the network’s architecture solves many of the Industrial automation problems. There is a great deal of benefits in the process of industrial parameters to adopt the Ethernet control system. Hence an attempt has been made to develop an Ethernet based remote monitoring and control of temperature. In the present work the experimental result shows that remote monitoring and control system (RMACS over the Ethernet.

  9. Remote-Sensing Time Series Analysis, a Vegetation Monitoring Tool

    McKellip, Rodney; Prados, Donald; Ryan, Robert; Ross, Kenton; Spruce, Joseph; Gasser, Gerald; Greer, Randall


    The Time Series Product Tool (TSPT) is software, developed in MATLAB , which creates and displays high signal-to- noise Vegetation Indices imagery and other higher-level products derived from remotely sensed data. This tool enables automated, rapid, large-scale regional surveillance of crops, forests, and other vegetation. TSPT temporally processes high-revisit-rate satellite imagery produced by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and by other remote-sensing systems. Although MODIS imagery is acquired daily, cloudiness and other sources of noise can greatly reduce the effective temporal resolution. To improve cloud statistics, the TSPT combines MODIS data from multiple satellites (Aqua and Terra). The TSPT produces MODIS products as single time-frame and multitemporal change images, as time-series plots at a selected location, or as temporally processed image videos. Using the TSPT program, MODIS metadata is used to remove and/or correct bad and suspect data. Bad pixel removal, multiple satellite data fusion, and temporal processing techniques create high-quality plots and animated image video sequences that depict changes in vegetation greenness. This tool provides several temporal processing options not found in other comparable imaging software tools. Because the framework to generate and use other algorithms is established, small modifications to this tool will enable the use of a large range of remotely sensed data types. An effective remote-sensing crop monitoring system must be able to detect subtle changes in plant health in the earliest stages, before the effects of a disease outbreak or other adverse environmental conditions can become widespread and devastating. The integration of the time series analysis tool with ground-based information, soil types, crop types, meteorological data, and crop growth models in a Geographic Information System, could provide the foundation for a large-area crop-surveillance system that could identify

  10. 远程变压器监测系统的设计及实现%Design and realization of remote monitoring system for transformer



    To meet the reform and development requirements of power industry and enhance management level of electricity business, GPRS-based network remote monitoring system for transformer is presented in this paper. The data needed by the field measurement is obtained first, and then the network remote transformer monitoring system based on Browser/Server structure is developed in combination with GPRS communication technology, J2EE technology and database management. The structure of the measuring system and the method to realize this system are introduced respectively in two aspects of the hardware and software. The connection pool is used to establish the effective connection between the Web server and the database server, of is used to the real-time online data display is realized by means of Xmlhttp technology. This product has been used in the actual system, and works well.%为满足电力行业改革与发展的需要,提高用电营业管理水平,提出了一种基于GPRS技术的网络化远程变压器监测系统.该系统首先对现场测量获得所需要的数据,然后结合GPRS通信技术、J2EE技术和数据库技术,开发了基于B/S结构的网络化远程变压器监测系统.在此分别从硬件和软件两方面介绍了系统的总体结构和具体的实现,系统采用了连接池机制来实现Web服务器与数据库服务器的高效连接,运用XMLHTTP技术来实现实时数据显示.该产品已应用在实际系统中,效果良好.

  11. 微创手术机器人远程监控系统设计%Design of remote monitoring and control system for minimally invasive surgical robot

    吴应东; 刁燕; 徐建柱


    远程监控机器人系统能够实现远距离控制本地机器人.它在危险环境作业中具有不可替代的作用.同时在远程医疗中也具有相当广阔的应用前景.为了建立基于互联网的手术机器人远程监控系统,实现控制数据及视频画面的传输,利用Video for Windows(VFW)在机器人端捕捉摄像头视频信号,H.263算法完成视频信号压缩.信息的传送采用Visual Basic6.0的Winsock控件.详细介绍了远程控制结构和控制协议,以及通信两端软件基于Visual Basic6.0的实现.通过对自主设计的手术机器人实验表明,该远程监控方案是可行、有效的.最后展望了远程监控的发展趋势以及本系统需要改进的地方.%The remote control system can control the local robot far plays an important role when working in dangerous environment.Also,it has been applied in telemedicine.In order to build up the remote monitoring and control system for minimally invasive surgical robot.VFW was used to capture video data,then compressed with H.263 algorithm.Winsock control of'Visual Basic6.0 was used to transmit all in?formation.The design of the robot motion control structure,robot control protocol and communication software based on Visual Basic6.0 are described in detail.The experimental results indicate that the scheme is feasible and provides a basis for Internet based supervisory control of minimally invasive surgical robot.Fi-nally, it points out the trends of the remote control system and future work.

  12. JFreeChart在铁路机车运行监视系统中的应用%Application of JFreeChart in the Locomotive Remote Monitoring System

    李飞; 李锐; 王超


    The Locomotive Remote Monitoring system is a type of information system suitable for monitoring the remote equipments in running trains, which is used to raise the fault alarm, provide reference to maintenance and enhance the repair for the trains. A very important part of the LRM system is to draw a dynamic picture for the data collected from the train, transmitted through the wireless and internet, parsed into the database, which is used to analyze the equipment status in the train by the engineer. In the three-leveled B/S architecture of J2EE environment, designing your own Java painting classes for the picture is not strong enough, so we introduced the JFreeChart Open Resources, which is the best solution for Java Painting Report The implementation of JFreeChart in the LRM system is illustrated, which can be referred by the applications in similar area.%铁路机车运行监视系统是一套远程监视机车车载设备实时运行状态信息,为机车设备提供故障预警、维护参考和检修支持的信息系统;该系统的一个重要环节就是将从机车上采集并通过传输、解析进入数据库的机车设备实时信息在客户端通过动态图形报表的形式直观地描述出来,以便专业人员进行设备状态分析.在铁道部铁路信息化中指定的J2EE三层架构环境中,如果采用自己设计的Java绘图类绘制图形,往往效果不佳;我们则通过引入目前最好的Java图形报表解决方案——JFreeChart来解决这个问题.本文主要描述的就是基于JFreeChart的Java动态图形报表技术在铁路机车运行状态中的应用,为大家在相似领域的应用提供参考.

  13. Energy and water remote monitoring systems within municipalities of Hollola and Nastola. Evaluation of implementation possibilities; Energian- ja vedenkulutuksen etaeluentajaerjestelmaet Hollolan ja Nastolan kunnissa. Toteutusvaihtoehtojen arviointi

    Pesola, A.


    Remote electricity monitoring systems have been studied broadly. Yet the research on this technology has been done mainly from the perspective of energy companies. The objective of this study is to assess implementation possibilities of automatic meter reading (AMR) systems within mediumsized municipalities. The study compares alternative means to carry out hourly-based electricity, heat and water monitoring within municipal buildings of Hollola and Nastola. Implementation guidelines are given as a result of this research. Theory part of the study combines relevant legislation, existing monitoring systems within municipalities and energy companies and AMR technology survey. Empirical part of the study compares four alternative means to implement a comprehensive AMR system. The alternatives being considered are outsourced system model, energy company's system model, self-build system model and so called 0-alternative, which indicates situation where AMR system is not implemented. These four alternatives are compared with each other based on their characteristics that are weighted to correspond specified preferences of Hollola and Nastola. The raw data is compiled using interviews and inquiries addressed to relevant stakeholders. The comparison between different implementation models is done from the municipalities' perspective. Yet other stakeholder preferences are taken into account when comparison is enforced. Research method being used for comparison is stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis (SMAA). SMAA is a family of methods for aiding multicriteria group decision-making in problem settings with uncertain, imprecise or partially missing information. In this study SMAA is used for simulating different value combinations and computing statistics that are interpreted in order to rank different AMR implementation models. Ranking is based on predefined preferences that have a primary influence on the attained results. The results show that the

  14. Remote quality monitoring in the banana chain.

    Jedermann, Reiner; Praeger, Ulrike; Geyer, Martin; Lang, Walter


    Quality problems occurring during or after sea transportation of bananas in refrigerated containers are mainly caused by insufficient cooling and non-optimal atmospheric conditions, but also by the heat generated by respiration activity. Tools to measure and evaluate these effects can largely help to reduce losses along the banana supply chain. The presented green life model provides a tool to predict the effect of deviating temperature, relative humidity, and CO2 and O2 gas concentrations on the storage stability of bananas. A second thermal model allows evaluation of the cooling efficiency, the effect of changes in packaging and stowage and the amount of respiration heat from the measured temperature curves. Spontaneous ripening causes higher respiration heat and CO2 production rate. The resulting risk for creation of hot spots increases in positions in which the respiration heat exceeds the available cooling capacity. In case studies on the transport of bananas from Costa Rica to Europe, we validated the models and showed how they can be applied to generate automated warning messages for containers with reduced banana green life or with temperature problems and also for remote monitoring of the ripening process inside the container.

  15. VME system monitor board



    Much of the machinery throughout the APS will be controlled by VME based computers. In order to increase the reliability of the system, it is necessary to be able to monitor the status of each VME crate. In order to do this, a VME System Monitor was created. In addition to being able to monitor and report the status (watchdog timer, temperature, CPU (Motorola MVME 167) state (status, run, fail), and the power supply), it includes provisions to remotely reset the CPU and VME crate, digital I/O, and parts of the transition module (serial port and ethernet connector) so that the Motorla MVME 712 is not needed. The standard VME interface was modified on the System Monitor so that in conjunction with the Motorola MVME 167 a message based VXI interrupt handler could is implemented. The System Monitor is a single VME card (6U). It utilizes both the front panel and the P2 connector for I/O. The front panel contains a temperature monitor, watchdog status LED, 4 general status LEDs, input for a TTL interrupt, 8 binary inputs (24 volt, 5 volt, and dry contact sense), 4 binary outputs (dry contact, TTL, and 100 mA), serial port (electrical RS-232 or fiber optic), ethernet transceiver (10 BASE-FO or AUI), and a status link to neighbor crates. The P2 connector is used to provide the serial port and ethernet to the processor. In order to abort and read the status of the CPU, a jumper cable must be connected between the CPU and the System Monitor.

  16. Analysis of remote reflection spectroscopy to monitor plant health.

    Woodhouse, R; Heeb, M; Berry, W; Hoshizaki, T; Wood, M


    Remote non-contact reflection spectroscopy is examined as a method for detecting stress in Controlled Ecological Life Support System CELSS type crops. Lettuce (Lactuca [correction of Latuca] Sativa L. cv. Waldmans Green) and wheat (Triticum Aestivum L. cv. Yecora Rojo) were grown hydroponically. Copper and zinc treatments provided toxic conditions. Nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium treatments were used for deficiency conditions. Water stress was also induced in test plants. Reflectance spectra were obtained in the visible and near infrared (400nm to 2600nm) wavebands. Numerous effects of stress conditions can be observed in the collected spectra and this technique appears to have promise as a remote monitor of plant health, but significant research remains to be conducted to realize the promise.

  17. Analysis of remote reflectin spectroscopy to monitor plant health

    Woodhouse, R.; Heeb, M.; Berry, W.; Hoshizaki, T.; Wood, M.


    Remote non-contact reflection spectroscopy is examined as a method for detecting stress in Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) type crops. Lettuce (Latuca Sativa L. cv. Waldmans Green) and wheat (Triticum Aestivum L. cv. Yecora Rojo) were grown hydroponically. Copper and zinc treatments provided toxic conditions. Nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium treatments were used for deficiency conditions. Water stress was also induced in test plants. Reflectance spectra were obtained in the visible and near infrared (400nm to 2600nm) wavebands. Numerous effects of stress conditions can be observed in the collected spectra and this technique appears to have promise as a remote monitor of plant health, but significant research remains to be conducted to realize the promise.

  18. Analysis of remote reflection spectroscopy to monitor plant health

    Woodhouse, R.; Heeb, M.; Berry, W.; Hoshizaki, T.; Wood, M.


    Remote non-contact reflection spectroscopy is examined as a method for detecting stress in Controlled Ecological Life Support System CELSS type crops. Lettuce (Latuca Sativa L. cv. Waldmans Green) and wheat (Triticum Aestivum L. cv. Yecora Rojo) were grown hydroponically. Copper and zinc treatments provided toxic conditions. Nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium treatments were used for deficiency conditions. Water stress was also induced in test plants. Reflectance spectra were obtained in the visible and near infrared (400nm to 2600nm) wavebands. Numerous effects of stress conditions can be observed in the collected spectra and this technique appears to have promise as a remote monitor of plant health, but significant research remains to be conducted to realize the promise.

  19. 基于ZigBee的造纸废水远程监控系统设计与实现%Design and Implementation of ZigBee Based Remote Monitoring System for Paper Wastewater

    张修建; 赵茜; 梁振虎; 王君本


    针对造纸工业废水处理过程的远程监控问题,提出了一种基于ZigBee的远程监控系统设计方案.在给出系统体系结构和节点软硬件设计过程的基础上,利用无线传感器网络和Web应用技术等设计了系统各功能模块,实现了造纸废水处理远程监控功能.用户使用浏览器便可对造纸废水厂的流程画面与实时数据进行远程监控与在线分析.%A ZigBee baaed remote monitoring system design method is proposed for remote monitoring paper mill wastewater treatment in this paper. Based on the proposed system framework and designing process for the hardware and software of the nodes, we design the system' s function modules by using wireless sensor network and WEB application technology, and realize the remote monitoring and control functions for pa per wastewater treatment. The process pictures and data in paper wastewater plant can be monitored remotely and analyzed by the browser.

  20. Design of servo monitoring software for remote sensing satellite receiving system%遥感卫星接收系统伺服监控软件设计

    李宏科; 王万玉; 冯旭祥; 王永华


    伺服系统是遥感卫星地面接收系统的重要组成部分,可靠性和安全性要求高。采用单进程、多线程、并行多模块的结构,设计伺服系统监控软件,实现了天线控制、设备监视、信息显示、数据处理、通信及伺服性能指标自动化测试等功能,具有实时性强,自动化程度高,容错性、可靠性及扩展性好等特点。该设计已用于实际工程项目中,实际使用结果表明该设计是合理可行的。%The sever system is an important component in the ground receiving system of the remote sensing satellite,and has high reliability and security. The structures of single process,multi⁃thread,and parallel multi⁃module are adopted to design the monitoring software for servo system. The functions of antenna control,equipment monitoring,information display,data pro⁃cessing,communications and automatic test of servo performance index were implemented. The software has the characteristics of good real⁃time performance,high automation level,good fault tolerance,excellent reliability and extensibility. This design was applied to the practical engineering projects. The practical use result shows that the design is reasonable and feasible.


    A. Arun


    Full Text Available Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM provides flexible and powerful patient surveillance through wearable devices at anytime and anywhere. This can be achieved by using a Body Sensor Network (BSN, which is deployed on a human body for monitoring the healthcare. The mobile healthcare management with increased feasibility and handiness introduced several noteworthy challenges for the provider, policy makers, patient and hospitals. A significant challenge is to provide round-the-clock healthcare services to those patients who require it via wearable medical devices. In addition to this, the sensors collect the personal medical data where the security and privacy are important components in RPM. As a result, one of the most significant and challenging concern to deal with is how to secure the personal information of the patients and to eliminate their privacy issue. This study presents System on Programmable Chip (SoPC implementation of Remote Patient Monitoring System (RPM with Ultra Lightweight algorithms for security issues. Humming Bird 2 (HB-2, PRESENT and HIGHT algorithms were implemented since the wearable medical devices require fewer areas to achieve portability. The comparison results shows that Degree of Confusion of HB-2 is 50.43 which outstand the other, the efficiency of the entire algorithm implemented in SoPC are higher comparing with conventional Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA implementation. The comparison was extended and in Particular, power and area consumption of HB-2 is less than PRESENT and HIGHT algorithm, which is more suitable for RPM devices.

  2. 基于网络的小车远程监控系统的设计%Design of car remote-monitoring system based on internet

    车玥玮; 童金; 王明宝; 刘晓邦; 王芹芹; 瞿少成


    设计了一种基于网络控制的小车远程监控系统.该系统可以实现小车所在的下位机与服务器所在的PC之间进行无线通信,服务器与客户端之间进行TCP/IP网络通信,从而实现网络控制小车.首先,客户端把小车的控制指令发送至远程的服务器,服务器通过RS232口上的无线通信模块,进一步发送至小车上的下位机系统;同时,小车上的传感器把测得的运动信息通过无线模块实时上传至服务器端;服务器端与客户端均能实时计算出小车的运动轨迹.经实验验证,本系统工作稳定,具有较高精度,具有一定应用前景.%Design of the car remote-monitoring system based on internet is given. The system can realize the wireless communication between the car MCU system and the server, and can achieve the TCP/IP network communication between the server and the client, so as to accomplish the network control of the car. Firstly, the control instructions from the client are sent to the remote server via TCP/IP internet. Then the server sends the instructions to the car MCU system through the wireless communication module based on RS232 port. Meanwhile, the car's movement information acquired by sensors is transported to the server terminal by wireless communication module. Finally,both the server and the client can draw the track of the car by using track-drawing algorithm. Experiments show that this system is stably with high precision,and it has a certain application prospect.

  3. Monitoring Movement Patterns on a Large Landslide Using Remote Methods.

    Murphy, W.; Bulmer, M. H.; Petley, D.


    Traditional methods of landslide monitoring have normally employed ground based instrumentation that is either read directly, logged by computer or telemetered to a remote station. While such methods have shown excellent results they remain labour intensive and costly. Furthermore such equipment is frequently lost. In recent years the use of remotely sensed data for the detection and monitoring of landslides has become more common. Such methods may take a number of forms. Firstly, the use of multitemporal satellite-based systems in either multispectral or panchromatic mode has allowed the detection and growth of landslides. These methods, despite allowing a stable platform and regular data collection are limited with regards to their spatial (and sometimes spectral) resolution. Secondly, repeat pass aerial photography now may have the advantage of being collected digitally, and possesses the capability of being orthorectified using either ground control stations or to onboard GPS measurements. These have the advantages of superior ground resolution and can be used to create high resolution digital elevation models allowing the frequent monitoring of landform change by DEM subtraction methods. The limiting factor is that the absence of good spectral coverage may make the detection of landslide related features (such as vegetation stress) difficult. Such a limitation can be overcome by simultaneous collection of airborne multispectral data, such as ATM, that can give excellent results for landslide monitoring and mapping. These techniques compliment the use of InSAR for the monitoring of ground deformation. While the use of InSAR allows the detection of surface deformation other methods allow actual landslide observation. Additionally, the greater precision of DEM derived from orthophotography can enhance the quality of the InSAR product. These complimentary techniques have been combined over the Black Ven landslide on the south-west coast of England to test their

  4. SULIVAN: Remote Manual Valve Monitoring System Real-Time Transmission of Valve Positions to Reduce Alignment Errors

    Denis, J.C.; Mace, J.R.; Perisse, J.


    Every year, a number of plants worldwide face valve misalignment issues that can lead to damaged components and unplanned extended outage. By installing valve monitoring solutions, the plant can expect a reduction of the risk of valve misalignment events. Over the past years, AREVA has developed Wireless communication solutions and Smart sensor expertise at its own facilities and has carried out tests in nuclear power plants. This paper presents AREVA Wireless studies and Solutions that could be implemented in a nuclear plant. These solutions are mainly based on IoT technologies as MEMs and Low Power Wide Area Network, LPWAN. (Author)

  5. Induced Seismicity Monitoring System

    Taylor, S. R.; Jarpe, S.; Harben, P.


    There are many seismological aspects associated with monitoring of permanent storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in geologic formations. Many of these include monitoring underground gas migration through detailed tomographic studies of rock properties, integrity of the cap rock and micro seismicity with time. These types of studies require expensive deployments of surface and borehole sensors in the vicinity of the CO2 injection wells. Another problem that may exist in CO2 sequestration fields is the potential for damaging induced seismicity associated with fluid injection into the geologic reservoir. Seismic hazard monitoring in CO2 sequestration fields requires a seismic network over a spatially larger region possibly having stations in remote settings. Expensive observatory-grade seismic systems are not necessary for seismic hazard deployments or small-scale tomographic studies. Hazard monitoring requires accurate location of induced seismicity to magnitude levels only slightly less than that which can be felt at the surface (e.g. magnitude 1), and the frequencies of interest for tomographic analysis are ~1 Hz and greater. We have developed a seismo/acoustic smart sensor system that can achieve the goals necessary for induced seismicity monitoring in CO2 sequestration fields. The unit is inexpensive, lightweight, easy to deploy, can operate remotely under harsh conditions and features 9 channels of recording (currently 3C 4.5 Hz geophone, MEMS accelerometer and microphone). An on-board processor allows for satellite transmission of parameter data to a processing center. Continuous or event-detected data is kept on two removable flash SD cards of up to 64+ Gbytes each. If available, data can be transmitted via cell phone modem or picked up via site visits. Low-power consumption allows for autonomous operation using only a 10 watt solar panel and a gel-cell battery. The system has been successfully tested for long-term (> 6 months) remote operations over a wide range

  6. Phonocardiograph system monitors heart sounds


    Phonocardiograph system monitors the mechanical activity of the heart in extreme environments. It uses a piezoelectric-crystal microphone with an integral preamplifier, and a signal conditioner having special frequency characteristics. The output signals can be recorded on tape, presented aurally, or transmitted telemetrically to a remote station.

  7. Design and Application of Remote Monitoring Fault Diagnosis System of Internet of Things%物联网远程监控故障诊断系统的设计与应用

    傅仁轩; 石安委


    物联网、云计算、移动通信等新一代信息技术的发展,使远程故障诊断的实现有了坚实的技术基础。探讨了物联网监控系统的远程故障诊断方法,设计了远程故障监测与故障诊断的网络结构,并对网络结构的组成做了详细描述。通过物联网技术,把传统的监控系统远程化、网络化,对提高维修能力、降低故障率具有重要的意义和实际应用价值。%With the development of Internet of things(IOT), cloud computing, mobile communication, the realization of remote fault diagnosis has a solid technical foundation. Remote fault diagnosis method of IOT monitoring system is discussed, the network structure of remote fault monitoring and fault diagnosis is designed, and the composition of network structure is described in detail. Through IOT technology, the traditional system is made as a remote and network monitoring system, so that it has important significance and practical application value for improving repair ability and reducing failure rate.

  8. Remote Real-time Monitoring Cloud Service System of Coal Enterprises%煤炭企业远程实时监管云服务系统

    任敏; 杜文广; 杨勇


    随着云计算价值的明确及移动终端的智能化,移动信息化趋势已经成为必然的趋势.针对煤炭企业移动信息化的需求,结合移动云计算的价值,设计并实现了煤炭企业远程实时监管云服务系统,从而在一定程度上提高了煤炭企业的安全管理水平.%With the clear of the value of cloud computing and the intelligent of mobile terminal,mobile trend has become inevitable.In this paper,taking the demand for mobile information technology for coal enterprises as basis,combining with the value of cloud computing,the system of the remote real-time monitoring cloud service for coal enterprises is designed and implemented,and the management level of security about coal enterprises is improved.

  9. Dynamic Remote Monitoring System for Landscape Based on GIS%基于GIS的景观动态远程监控系统

    任晓芳; 李桂珍; 方霞


    Due to human activities and surface movement make a great change of land cover, it is necessary to carry out environmental monitoring of landscape dynamic and accurate mapping. A kind of landscape dynamic monitoring system based on geographic information system (GIS) is proposed. The multi-temporal decision tree classifier and morphological image processing technology are used for the system. It monitors the land use/cover change (LUCC) dynamically according to the spectrum and surface model data of remote sensing image. Experiment is conducted in local image in the Landsat 5 TM database. The results show that, this method can achieve 90.77% recognition accuracy, has lower computation time and can detect vegetation distribution (plant/Vegetation Restoration), city (city/demolition) and physical morphology (fluvial geomorphic change/slope instability).%由于人类活动和地表运动使土地覆盖变化产生很大变化,所以需要对景观动态准确绘图来进行环境监测.为此提出一种基于地理信息系统(GIS)的景观动态远程监测系统,根据遥感图像的多时相遥感光谱和表面模型数据,利用多时相决策树分类器和形态学图像处理技术,实现对土地利用/覆盖变化(LUCC)的动态监测.在Landsat 5 TM数据库中的本地图像上进行实验,结果表明,该方法能够达到90.77%的识别准确度,且具有较低的计算时间,能够很好的检测出植被分布(植物/植被恢复)、城区(城市化/拆迁)和地理形态特征(河流地貌变化/边坡失稳).

  10. Remotely Accessible Management System (RAMS).

    Wood, Rex

    Oakland Schools, an Intermediate School District for Administration, operates a Remotely Accessible Management System (RAMS). RAMS is composed of over 100 computer programs, each of which performs procedures on the files of the 28 local school districts comprising the constituency of Oakland Schools. This regional service agency covers 900 square…

  11. ITER Remote Maintenance System (IRMS) lifecycle management

    Tesini, Alessandro, E-mail: [ITER Organization, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Otto' , Bede [Oxford Technologies Ltd, 7, Nuffield Way, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 1RJ (United Kingdom); Blight, John [FAAST 31c Allee de la Granette, 13600 Ceyreste (France); Choi, Chang-Hwan; Friconneau, Jean-Pierre; Gotewal, Krishan Kumar; Hamilton, David [ITER Organization, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Heckendorn, Frank [FD Technologies, PO Box 6686, Aiken, SC (United States); Martins, Jean-Pierre [ITER Organization, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Marty, Thomas [Westinghouse, 122, avenue de Hambourg, 13008 Marseille (France); Nakahira, Masataka; Palmer, Jim; Subramanian, Rajendran [ITER Organization, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France)


    The availability of the ITER machine to perform its scientific program is strongly dependent on the performance of the different Remote Handling (RH) systems constituting the ITER Remote Maintenance System (IRMS). The lifecycle of the IRMS will largely exceed 40 years from initial concept design and proof testing through to machine decommissioning. Such a long lifecycle requires that a rigorous approach is put in place to guarantee the technical capabilities of the highly innovative IRMS, its efficiency and its availability. For this purpose, an IRMS System Engineering and IRMS lifecycle management approach has been adopted by ITER. The approach aims at ensuring the IRMS full operability and availability at an acceptable cost of ownership over the full ITER machine assembly and operations period. The IRMS lifecycle management method described in this paper covers such subjects as specific requirements for IRMS design reviews, monitoring during manufacture, factory and site acceptance testing, integrated commissioning, decontamination, maintenance and re-qualification strategies, requirements for Integrated Logistical Support during operations. The updating and implementation of the IRMS lifecycle strategy and this procedure will be managed and monitored by the Remote Handling Integrated Product Team (RH-IPT). Although developed for the IRMS, the basic principles and procedures of lifecycle management could be applied to other ITER plant systems whose reliability and availability will be essential for the continued operation of the ITER machine.

  12. Remote, real-time monitoring and analysis of vital signs of neonatal graduate infants.

    Greer, Robert; Olivier, Chris; Pugh, J Edward; Eklund, J Mikael; McGregor, Carolyn


    This paper presents a system for the remote monitoring of a newborn infant's physiological data outside the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. By providing a simple means for parents to enable monitoring, and physicians a simple mobile application to monitor live and historical physiological information, this system provides the insight once only possible in an Intensive Care Unit. The system utilizes a variety of connectivity means such as Wi-Fi and 3G to facilitate the communication between a multitude of industry standard vital sign monitor and a remote server. A system trial monitoring an infant to simulate neonatal graduate monitoring has determined the system was able to successfully transmit 99.99% of data generated from the vital sign monitor.

  13. Remote sensing of agricultural drought monitoring: A state of art review

    Khaled Hazaymeh


    Full Text Available Agricultural drought is a natural hazard that can be characterized by shortage of water supply. In the scope of this paper, we synthesized the importance of agricultural drought and methods commonly employed to monitor agricultural drought conditions. These include: (i in-situ based methods, (ii optical remote sensing methods, (iii thermal remote sensing methods, (iv microwave remote sensing methods, (v combined remote sensing methods, and (vi synergy between in-situ and remote sensing based methods. The in-situ indices can provide accurate results at the point of measurements; however, unable to provide spatial dynamics over large area. This can potentially be addressed by using remote sensing based methods because remote sensing platforms have the ability to view large area at a near continuous fashion. The remote sensing derived agricultural drought related indicators primarily depend on the characteristics of reflected/emitted energy from the earth surface, thus the results can be relatively less accurate in comparison to the in-situ derived outcomes. Despite a significant amount of research and development has been accomplished in particular to the area of remote sensing of agricultural drought, still there are several challenges. Those include: monitoring relatively small area, filling gaps in the data, developing consistent historical dataset, developing remote sensing-based agricultural drought forecasting system, integrating the recently launched and upcoming remote sensors, and developing standard validation schema, among others.

  14. ZigBee-based remote patient monitoring.

    Fernandez-Lopez, Helena; Afonso, José Augusto; Correia, José Higino; Simões, Ricardo


    This paper describes a developed continuous patient monitoring system based on the ZigBee protocol. The system was tested in the hospital environment using six sensor devices in two different modes. For electrocardiogram transmission and in the absence of hidden-nodes, the system achieved a mean delivery ratio of 100% and 98.56%, respectively for star and 2-hop tree network topologies. When sensor devices were arranged in a way that three of them were unable to hear the transmissions made by the other three, the mean delivery ratio dropped to 83.96%. However, when sensor devices were reprogrammed to transmit only heart rate values, the mean delivery ratio increased to 99.90%, despite the presence of hidden-nodes.

  15. Standard hydrogen monitoring system equipment installation instructions

    Schneider, T.C.


    This document provides the technical specifications for the equipment fabrication, installation, and sitework construction for the Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System. The Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System is designed to remove gases from waste tank vapor space and exhaust headers for continual monitoring and remote sample analysis.

  16. Jellyfish monitoring on coastlines using remote piloted aircraft

    Barrado, C.; Fuentes, J. A.; Salamí, E.; Royo, P.; Olariaga, A. D.; López, J.; Fuentes, V. L.; Gili, J. M.; Pastor, E.


    In the last 10 years the number of jellyfish shoals that reach the swimming area of the Mediterranean Sea are increasing constantly. The term "Jellyfish" refers to animals from different taxonomic groups but the Scyphomedusae are within the most significant one. Four species of Scyphomedusae are the most conspicuous ones inhabiting the studied area, the Barcelona metropolitan area. Jellyfish are usually found at the surface waters, forming big swarms. This feature makes possible to detect them remotely, using a visual camera and image processing algorithms. In this paper we present the characteristics of a remote piloted aircraft capable to perform monitoring flights during the whole summer season. The requirements of the aircraft are to be easy to operate, to be able to flight at low altitude (100 m) following the buoy line (200 m from the beach line) and to be save for other users of the seaside. The remote piloted aircraft will carry a vision system and a processing board able to obtain useful information on real-time.

  17. Arduino Based Infant Monitoring System

    Farhanah Mohamad Ishak, Daing Noor; Jamil, Muhammad Mahadi Abdul; Ambar, Radzi


    This paper proposes a system for monitoring infant in an incubator and records the relevant data into a computer. The data recorded by the system can be further referred by the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) personnel for diagnostic or research purposes. The study focuses on designing the monitoring system that consists of an incubator equipped with humidity sensor to measure the humidity level, and a pulse sensor that can be attached on an infant placed inside the incubator to monitor infant’s heart pulse. The measurement results which are the pulse rate and humidity level are sent to the PC via Arduino microcontroller. The advantage of this system will be that in the future, it may also enable doctors to closely monitor the infant condition through local area network and internet. This work is aimed as an example of an application that contributes towards remote tele-health monitoring system.

  18. ARM Processor Based Embedded System for Remote Data Acquisition

    Raj Kumar Tiwari


    Full Text Available The embedded systems are widely used for the data acquisition. The data acquired may be used for monitoring various activity of the system or it can be used to control the parts of the system. Accessing various signals with remote location has greater advantage for multisite operation or unmanned systems. The remote data acquisition used in this paper is based on ARM processor. The Cortex M3 processor used in this system has in-built Ethernet controller which facilitate to acquire the remote data using internet. The system developed provides high performance, low power consumption, smaller size {&} high speed

  19. Remote Voice Detection System


    back to the laser Doppler vibrometer and the digital camera, respectively. Mechanical beam steering mirror modules, such as galvanometer steering...mirror module 43 in accordance with this invention. An appropriate galvanometer -based tracker system has been used for tracking eye motion during laser

  20. The Use of a Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing Technology for Monitoring Land Use and Soil Carbon Change in the Subtropical Dry Forest Life Zone of Puerto Rico

    Velez-Rodriguez, Linda L. (Principal Investigator)


    Aerial photography, one of the first form of remote sensing technology, has long been an invaluable means to monitor activities and conditions at the Earth's surface. Geographic Information Systems or GIS is the use of computers in showing and manipulating spatial data. This report will present the use of geographic information systems and remote sensing technology for monitoring land use and soil carbon change in the subtropical dry forest life zone of Puerto Rico. This research included the south of Puerto Rico that belongs to the subtropical dry forest life zone. The Guanica Commonwealth Forest Biosphere Reserve and the Jobos Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve are studied in detail, because of their location in the subtropical dry forest life zone. Aerial photography, digital multispectral imagery, soil samples, soil survey maps, field inspections, and differential global positioning system (DGPS) observations were used.

  1. Remote auscultatory patient monitoring during magnetic resonance imaging

    Henneberg, S; Hök, B; Wiklund, L;


    A system for patient monitoring during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is described. The system is based on remote auscultation of heart sounds and respiratory sounds using specially developed pickup heads that are positioned on the precordium or at the nostrils and connected to microphones via...... can be simultaneously auscultated both inside and outside the shielded MRI room by infrared transmission through a metal mesh window. Bench tests of the system show that common mode acoustic noise is suppressed by approximately 30 dB in the frequency region of interest (100-1,000 Hz), and that polymer...... tubing having a diameter of approximately 2 mm can be used for efficient sound transmission. Recordings in situ show satisfactory detection of both heart sounds and respiratory sounds, although the signal is somewhat masked by noise during imaging. A clinical test incorporating 17 sedated or anesthetized...

  2. Remote Sensing Wind and Wind Shear System.

    Contents: Remote sensing of wind shear and the theory and development of acoustic doppler; Wind studies; A comparison of methods for the remote detection of winds in the airport environment; Acoustic doppler system development; System calibration; Airport operational tests.

  3. The Remote Monitoring and Control System of Distributed Multi-point Based on GPRS and ZigBee%基于GPRS与ZigBee的远程分散多点监控系统

    孙利民; 梁江涛; 魏然


    The design of a new type of remote monitoring system based on GPRS, ZigBee networks can improve the real-time monitoring of distributed multi-point in the remote monitoring system, reduce the cost of remote monitoring, extend the monitoring distance, adapt to varieties of complex environments and save human resources. The real-time performance status of various points is detected by the collection terminal the performance through the ZigBee network, and is sent to the data transfer center that will send the data to a remote WEB server through the GPRS module. The system can be used for the vibration detection of large equipments. Experiments show that the system can implement real-time monitoring of each detect point on any location , the distance from the data transfer center less than 100m. , with the GSM signal provided by WEB server . Compared with the traditional system, what the WEB server should do to complete remote monitoring is to place a mini-collection terminal and data transfer center in each test point.%为提高远程分散多点监控系统各点监控的实时性,降低成本,扩展监控距离,适应各种复杂工况,节省人力资源,设计出一种新型的基于GPRS、ZigBee网络的远程监控系统.采集终端通过ZigBee网络实时检测各点的性能状态,然后发送至数据中转中心,再通过GPRS模块将数据传送到远程服务器,并将该系统应用于大型设备的振动检测.实验证明,该系统可通过服务器,在任何有GSM信号的地点完成对距其100 m范围内检测点的实时监控.与传统系统相比,只需在各检测点放置一个微型的采集终端,及一个数据中转中心,即可在服务器完成远程监控.

  4. 基于3G网络远程访问和监控系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of 3G-Based Remote Access and Monitoring System

    张军; 李长云; 崔海燕; 田得润; 戴明华


    Designed and implemented a 3G-based remote access and monitoring system on the Windows CE embedded platform. Introduced the system architecture, described the technology to design remote access terminals on 3G mobile device, and defined the unified monitoring data exchange protocol based on SOCKET technology. The system realized a real-time multi-point monitoring and remote mobile access, and verified the validity of the system through practice.%在Windows CE嵌入式平台上设计与实现了基于3G网络的远程访问和监控系统。介绍了系统架构,阐述了在3G网络移动设备上设计远程访问终端的技术,基于SOCKET技术定义了统一的监控数据交换协议。该系统实现了实时多点监控和远程移动访问,并通过实践验证了系统的有效性。

  5. Study on the Application of LabVIEW in Remote Monitoring and Control System in Greenhouse Environment%LabVIEW在温室环境远程监控系统的应用研究



    采用LabVIEW软件设计温室环境的远程监控系统,可以为农作物的生长提供一个良好的温室环境,提高农产品的产量和质量.因此,利用LabVIEW软件开发平台,设计了温室环境远程监控系统.该系统实现了数据的网络化采集和远程监控.研究结果表明,该系统设计合理,性价比高,并且具备良好的实用性.%Using LabVIEW software to design remote monitoring and control system in greenhouse environment can provide a good greenhouse environment for the growth of agricultural crops and can improve output and quality of agricultural crops. Therefore, based on Lab VIEW software development platform, greenhouse environment remote monitoring system was designed. The system realized collection of data and remote monitoring. Study result indicated that the design of the system was reasonable and practical.

  6. Redskaber til monitorering af trafikken (REMOTE)

    Denne rapport samler op på erfaringerne fra REMOTE projektet. Rapporten r skrevet på en blanding af dansk og engelsk, da der både har været dansk og engelsk talende personer med i projektet. Den første del af rapporten beskriver overordnet, hvad der er sket i projektet. Herefter kommer der et afs...

  7. Earth System Monitoring, Introduction

    Orcutt, John

    This section provides sensing and data collection methodologies, as well as an understanding of Earth's climate parameters and natural and man-made phenomena, to support a scientific assessment of the Earth system as a whole, and its response to natural and human-induced changes. The coverage ranges from climate change factors and extreme weather and fires to oil spill tracking and volcanic eruptions. This serves as a basis to enable improved prediction and response to climate change, weather, and natural hazards as well as dissemination of the data and conclusions. The data collection systems include satellite remote sensing, aerial surveys, and land- and ocean-based monitoring stations. Our objective in this treatise is to provide a significant portion of the scientific and engineering basis of Earth system monitoring and to provide this in 17 detailed articles or chapters written at a level for use by university students through practicing professionals. The reader is also directed to the closely related sections on Ecological Systems, Introduction and also Climate Change Modeling Methodology, Introduction as well as Climate Change Remediation, Introduction to. For ease of use by students, each article begins with a glossary of terms, while at an average length of 25 print pages each, sufficient detail is presented for use by professionals in government, universities, and industries. The chapters are individually summarized below.

  8. A remote and autonomous continuous monitoring ultrasonic system for flood detection in sub-sea members of offshore steel oil rigs

    Mijarez-Castro, Rito


    This thesis presents a novel and autonomous continuous monitoring system for flood detection in the hollow sub-sea members of offshore steel oil rigs. The technique offers an alternative to underwater nondestructive testing methods based on ultrasound and x-rays, which have been used to detect the presence of seawater in these applications, often with divers or remote operating vehicles. The research consists of theoretical and experimental work necessary for the development of an integral system that can be used in new fixed offshore oil rig designs. The system employs a single piezoelectric transducer which can be permanently attached to the inner wall of every sub-sea structure and which is powered by a normally inert seawater battery. Upon activation, the sensor transmits ultrasonic chirp or tone encoded pulses in the range of 21 k Hz to 42 k Hz, to a monitoring system at deck level for decoding and identifying flooded members. Two approaches to the system were considered during the investigation, depending on the communication channel exploited. These were based on either using the seawater as a propagation medium or using the steel structure as a wave-guide. A system based on theoretical models was built and field experiments were conducted using a purpose built jointed steel pipe structure, 7 m in length, 0.5 m in diameter and 16 mm in thickness. This structure was flooded by complete immersion in seawater. Results obtained using water as communication medium and a frequency in the order of 38 k Hz yielded an attenuation figure of 0.4 d B m{sub -}1 over 100 m, since losses were predominantly geometric. In contrast, using the tubular structure as a wave-guide and axis symmetric guided waves as the excitation, a gross attenuation figure of 1.3 d B m{sub -}1 was attained. In the straight parts of the structure, the attenuation ranged from 0.3 d B m{sub -} 1 to 0.6 d B m{sub -}1. The modes most likely to have been excited within the structure were L(0,5) - L(0

  9. Remote monitoring of nuclear power plants in Baden-Wuerttemberg.

    Neff, U; Müller, U; Mandel, C; Coutinho, P; Aures, R; Grimm, C; Hagmann, M; Wilbois, T; Ren, Y


    As part of its responsibilities as nuclear supervisory authority, the Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector Baden-Wuerttemberg (UM) operates a computer-based system for remote monitoring of nuclear power plants (NPPs) (KFUe, Kernreaktor-Fernüberwachung). In addition to the Baden-Wuerttemberg NPPs located at Philippsburg, Neckarwestheim and the disused Obrigheim, those in foreign locations close to the border area, i.e. Fessenheim in France, and Leibstadt and Beznau in Switzerland, are monitored. The KFUe system provides several methods to evaluate and present the measured data as well as to ensure compliance of threshold limits and safety objectives. For the UM, it serves as an instrument of the nuclear supervision. In case of a radioactive release, the authorities responsible for civil protection can use dispersion calculations in order to identify potentially affected areas and to initiate protective measures for the population. Beyond the data collected at the plant sites, various international radiation and meteorological measuring networks are integrated in the KFUe. The State Institute for Environment, Measurements and Nature Protection (LUBW), the technical operator of the KFUe, runs its own special monitoring network for ambient gamma dose rate and nuclide specific activity concentration measurements in the vicinity of each NPP. This article gives an overview of the solution to combine data of different sources on a single screen: dose rate networks, dose rate traces measured by car, airborne gamma spectra of helicopters, mobile dose rate probes, grid data of weather forecasts, dispersion calculations, etc.

  10. Application of Remote Sensing Technology in Mine Environment Monitoring

    Li Yue


    Full Text Available Mine environment problem caused by the exploitation of mineral resources has become a key factor which affects normal production of mine and safety of ecological environment for human settlement. For better protection and management of mine environment, this article has introduced the important role of remote sensing technology in pollution monitoring of mine environment, geological disaster monitoring and monitoring of mining activities.

  11. Server of Remote Monitoring System Based on STM32 and AJAX%基于STM32与AJAX的远程监控系统服务器设计

    王梦潇; 李璐


    基于STM32微控制器设计了一种嵌入式远程监控系统服务器,可运用于数据中心远程监控系统中.嵌入式Web服务器是远程监控系统的核心组成部分,实现传感器数据采集,并向远程监控中心提供HTTP网络服务.针对通用网关接口(CGI)技术网页刷新闪烁问题,采用了AJAX动态网页技术,改善了监控数据显示效果.同时,该嵌入式Web服务器具有强大的功能可扩展性,可广泛应用于远程监控系统.%An embedded remote monitoring system server based on STM32 microcontroller is designed,which can be applied in the data center.The embedded Web server is the core member of the remote monitoring system,that can not only realize multi-sensor data acqui-sition,but also provide HTTP web service for the remote monitoring center.Aiming at the screen flashing problem during page refresh-ing caused by CGI technology,AJAX is applied to the embedded server.Meanwhile,the embedded server has strong functional scalabili-ty,so that it can be widely used in the field of the remote monitoring system.

  12. Monitoring and remote control of a hybrid photovoltaic microgrid

    Henrique Tiggemann


    Full Text Available The search of new alternatives for energy supply in island communities has always been a challenge in scientific and social context. In order to attend these communities, in January 2013 a photovoltaic hybrid microgrid project had its beginning at Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS. This paper presents the characterization and the development of such microgrid, monitored remotely via internet, which allows visualizing the electrical measurements, energy production and performing remote control actions. This work also aims increasing the interaction between students of universities to perform laboratory practices. The system consists of two photovoltaic modules technologies, mono and multicrystalline, totaling 570 Wp, connected to an energy storage bank of 200 Ah in 24 V and a pure sinusoidal inverter of 1 kW to supply AC voltage loads of 220 V. All acquisition components of data, conversion and management system are located in a control cabinet. Currently, the microgrid uses the utility grid as an auxiliary generator, simulating an alternative source of energy, which can be further replaced by fuel cell, biodiesel generator, etc.

  13. Research of remote sensing monitoring system of mine based on python%基于 Python 的矿山遥感监测系统开发研究

    卜丽静; 郑新杰; 张正鹏; 兰文婷


    According to the requirements of GIS and RS processing function in mine remote sensing monitoring ,it studies the method of the second developement of mine remote monitoring system based on Python language .Firstly ,analysis is made on the second developement of ArcGIS in contrast in order to achieve the integration of processing function of ArcGIS and ENVI . The the concrete method and procedure of the second development using Python language are introduced ,and the mine remote sensing monitoring system on ArcGIS10 .1 platform is completed .%针对矿山遥感监测中对GIS和RS处理功能的需求,研究基于 Python语言的矿山遥感监测系统开发方法。在对比分析ArcGIS二次开发方法的基础上,提出采用Python语言实现集成ArcGIS和ENVI处理功能的二次开发方法,并介绍运用 Python语言进行二次开发的具体方法和流程,在ArcGIS10.1平台上完成矿山遥感监测系统的开发。

  14. The International Remote Monitoring Project -- First results of the Argentina nuclear power station field trial

    Bonino, A.; Pizarro, L.; Perez, A. [Ente Nacional Regulador Nuclear, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Schoeneman, J.L.; Dupree, S.A.; Martinez, R.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Maxey, C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)


    As part of the International Remote Monitoring Project field trials, during the month of March, 1995 a Remote Monitoring System (RMS) was installed at the Embalse Nuclear Power Station in Embalse, Argentina. This system monitors the status of four typical Candu spent fuel dry storage silos. The monitoring equipment for each silo consists of analog temperature and gamma radiation sensors and digital motion and electronic fiber-optic seals connected to a wireless Authenticate Item Monitoring System (AIMS). All sensor data are authenticated and transmitted via RF link to Receiver Processor Units (RPU) coupled to Remote Monitoring System equipment located in a nearby IAEA/ENREN inspector office. One of these RPUs is connected to Remote Monitoring equipment capable of information transmission (via commercial telephone links) to Data Review Stations (DRS) at ENREN laboratories in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. The other RPU is used for on-site data storage and analysis. It is anticipated that this information will soon be transmitted to a DRS at the ABACC facility in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. During these trials site data will be collected and analyzed periodically from Buenos Aires, Albuquerque, and Rio de Janeiro. Installation detail and data analysis will be presented in this paper.

  15. Research on SWRO remote monitoring system based on B/S-mode%基于B/S模式反渗透海水淡化远程监测系统研究

    张兵; 姜周曙; 王剑; 陈震南


    针对日产10万吨级大型反渗透海水淡化工程,为解决海水淡化流程远程监测系统中实时性弱、可靠性差、操作复杂且资源不能有效共享等问题,研制开发了一套基于B/S技术的远程监测系统。该系统采用WCF通信模式实现本地监测系统与远程监测系统之间通信,同时使用Ajax和jQuery等网络前端新技术,实现了页面的局部刷新。用户可以通过浏览器终端远程访问监控中心服务器,对海水淡化进行实时数据监测,历史数据查询等操作。实际应用表明,系统运行可靠、稳定,能够有效地加强对海水淡化生产过程的实时监管。该系统具有较强的可移植性,可广泛应用子工业自动化、交通运输等各个行业,具有一定的实用价值。%To solve the problems of weak real⁃time performance,poor reliability,complex operation and low efficiency re⁃source sharing in the remote monitoring of the large⁃scale SWRO system whose daily production is 10 000 t,a remote monitoring system based on B/S technology was developed. WCF communication mode is used in this system to realize the communication between local and remote monitoring systems and the network leading technologies such as Ajax and jQuery are adopted to achieve the partial refresh in a page. The users can access the monitoring center server remotely,monitor the real⁃time data of the SWRO system and query the history data via browser terminal. Practical application shows that the system works reliable and stable,and can make the real⁃time monitoring of the SWRO process more efficient. This system has an excellent portability and can be widely applied to the industrial automation,transportation industry and so on. It is of high practical value.

  16. Remote Monitoring of Forest Insect Defoliation -A Review-

    C.D. Rullan-Silva


    Full Text Available Aim of study: This paper reviews the global research during the last 6 years (2007-2012 on the state, trends and potential of remote sensing for detecting, mapping and monitoring forest defoliation caused by insects.Area of study: The review covers research carried out within different countries in Europe and America.Main results: A nation or region wide monitoring system should be scaled in two levels, one using time-series with moderate to coarse resolutions, and the other with fine or high resolution. Thus, MODIS data is increasingly used for early warning detection, whereas Landsat data is predominant in defoliation damage research. Furthermore, ALS data currently stands as the more promising option for operative detection of defoliation.Vegetation indices based on infrared-medium/near-infrared ratios and on moisture content indicators are of great potential for mapping insect pest defoliation, although NDVI is the most widely used and tested.Research highlights: Among most promising methods for insect defoliation monitoring are Spectral Mixture Analysis, best suited for detection due to its sub-pixel recognition enhancing multispectral data, and use of logistic models as function of vegetation index change between two dates, recommended for predicting defoliation.Key words: vegetation damage; pest outbreak; spectral change detection.

  17. Wireless Remote Monitoring of Glucose Using a Functionalized ZnO Nanowire Arrays Based Sensor

    Magnus Willander


    Full Text Available This paper presents a prototype wireless remote glucose monitoring system interfaced with a ZnO nanowire arrays-based glucose sensor, glucose oxidase enzyme immobilized onto ZnO nanowires in conjunction with a Nafion® membrane coating, which can be effectively applied for the monitoring of glucose levels in diabetics. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM services like General Packet Radio Service (GPRS and Short Message Service (SMS have been proven to be logical and cost effective methods for gathering data from remote locations. A communication protocol that facilitates remote data collection using SMS has been utilized for monitoring a patient’s sugar levels. In this study, we demonstrate the remote monitoring of the glucose levels with existing GPRS/GSM network infra-structures using our proposed functionalized ZnO nanowire arrays sensors integrated with standard readily available mobile phones. The data can be used for centralized monitoring and other purposes. Such applications can reduce health care costs and allow caregivers to monitor and support to their patients remotely, especially those located in rural areas.

  18. Geographic information systems and remote sensing methods for assessing and monitoring land degradation in the Sahel region: The case of southern Mauritania

    Thiam, Amadou Khoudiedji

    The application area of this study is southern Mauritania characterized by a northern Sahelian climate and a semi-arid ecosystem. Since the 1970s, the region has been under environmental stress due to the combined impacts of recurrent droughts and anthropogenic pressure. Although it represents only 12.5% of the country's land area, it concentrates nearly 37% of the population, 90% of whom practice substance agriculture and/or livestock keeping. The livestock population which has geometrically increased as a result of mass migrations from other parts of the country represents nearly 70% of the national herd. The degradation process that affects the life supporting base (soils, forage and forest resources) is a direct result of agricultural encroachment, overgrazing, fuelwood and building material collection. Such a situation needs to be assessed and monitored with a powerful data integration and analysis system in order to support environmental resources management decision making with accurate information. This study is an investigation on the potential of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing digital image processing methods to exhibit the pattern of land degradation prone areas from geographical data and satellite imagery. GIS data integration and analysis techniques are applied to physical and socio-economic data for the cartographic and statistical characterization of land degradation prone areas. Statistical analyses are carried out on tabular and image data while spatial modelling procedures such as surface interpolation, distance analysis and various overlay operations are specifically performed on images to determine the spatial extent of the degradation processes. The digital image processing techniques used include spectral vegetation indices (VI) grouped into sloped-based (e.g., NDVI), distance-based (e.g., PVI) and orthogonal (e.g., GVI) models. These VIs are used in order to assess their ability to distinguish sparse green vegetation

  19. 热磨制浆系统远程监测及故障诊断专家系统%Remote Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis Expert System for a Refiner Pulping System

    沈锦桃; 沈军; 沈毅; 包才庆


    To conduct an effective inspection of a refiner pulping system at the production site and prevent the occurrence of equipment fault, a remote online monitoring and fault diagnosis expert system for a refiner pulping system is developed. The system combines computer technology, sensor technology, remote communication technology, database technology and equipment diagnosis technology, with PLC and InTouch 10.1 software as a development platform to realize the on-site acquisition, analysis and real-time feedback of all parameters of the refiner pulping system. The SQL Server database system and the CLIPS expert system tool are used to establish the corresponding fault diagnosis rules and complete the design of refiner pulping system, which has improved the safety factor of the operation and the ability to analyze fault, able to satisfy customers’ needs for remote online monitoring and fault diagnosis.%为了实现对生产现场热磨制浆系统的有效检测,提前预防设备故障的发生,开发了热磨制浆系统远程在线监测及故障诊断专家系统。该系统将计算机技术、传感器技术、通信技术、数据库技术与设备诊断技术相结合,以可编程序控制器(PLC)和InTouch 10.1组态软件为开发平台,对热磨制浆系统现场的各项参数进行采集、分析和实时反馈。运用关系型数据库系统SQL Server和CLIPS专家系统工具建立相应的故障诊断规则,实现热磨制浆系统远程监测及故障诊断专家系统的设计,提高了热磨制浆系统运行的安全系数和对故障的分析能力,可满足用户对在线检测及故障诊断的需求。

  20. 基于蓝牙技术的小区供水设备远程监控系统%Remote monitoring system over the residential quarter water supply equipment based on bluetooth

    朱洁; 茅忠明


    This thesis introduces a method of remotely monitoring and controlling water supply systems in residential quarters.With the help of PLC simulation, the measure of the pipeline, pressure and flow rate are simulated. PLC digital module is employed to monitor water supply system, and collect signals of failure and remote switching. Bluetooth technology is utilized to exchange remote data signals, enabling real-estate staff to remotely monitor water supply system from their offices. Computer configuration software is applied to undertake the analysis and treatment of the data collected on the spot, and at the same time, the result will be shown on the screen with graphs. In addition, the past records of data can be reviewed and printed.%介绍了一种远程控制和监视生活供水设备的方法.通过PLC模拟量模块实现管路、压力和流量的测量;PLC数字量模块实现供水设备状态监视、故障和远程启停信号采集.借助蓝牙通信技术实现远程数据信号的交换,使小区物业可在办公室对供水设备远程监控.应用计算机组态软件对现场采集的数据进行分析、处理,同时在显示屏上显示窗口和棒状图形,以及对历史数据查询和打印.

  1. Design of Macro-ecological Environment Remote Sensing Monitoring System and the Key Technologies%宏观生态环境遥感监测系统总体设计与关键技术

    王勇; 庄大方; 徐新良; 江东


    宏观生态环境遥感监测系统是基于环境遥感监测应用技术的软件实现.本文重点介绍了宏观生态环境遥感监测系统的总体结构设计、业务流程设计和核心功能设计,以及模型转换与实现技术、实时投影转换技术与以文件和数据库相结合的数据管理技术、基于XML的数据实时交换技术、产品自动化生产技术等关键技术,并给出了系统的应用实例.系统应用结果表明,该系统符合我国宏观生态环境遥感监测业务应用模式,提高了环保部门生态环境遥感常规模式下的监测水平和紧急模式下的应急监测能力,将会在宏观生态环境遥感监测和评价服务中发挥重要的作用.%As global environmental issues become more and more prominent, remote sensing technology with large amount of information to monitor global environmental change has become an important manner. Macro-ecological environment remote sensing monitoring system is implementation of environment remote sensing applied technologies. The architecture of the system and the transaction flow diagram and its core functions are introduced. At the same time, the model transformation and implementation of technology, real-time projection conversion technology, a combination of file-based data and database management technologies, XML-based real-time data exchange technology, automated production technology are expatiated. The prototype system is constructed using . NET and IDL mixing programming language and its application examples are presented. System application results show that this system meets the remote sensing monitoring requirements using macro-ecological environment business applications model to improve the environmental protection department level under the normal mode and emergency capability under the emergency mode. This system can play an important role in the macro-environment remote sensing monitoring and evaluation.

  2. 4G网络在无人驾驶智能车远程监控系统上的应用%4G network in unmanned intelligent vehicle the application of remote monitoring system

    谭宝成; 曹国浩


    近年来,随着电子技术和通信技术的快速发展,制造无人驾驶智能车已成为一大热潮。3G网络的普及以及人们对网络的要求越来越高,4G就是在这种背景下应运而生的。本文运用4G网络在无人驾驶智能车远程监控系统上,通过4G网络把无人驾驶智能车的信息以数字和图像形式传送到远程监控端,远程监控端的操作人员便可以看到无人驾驶智能车的信息并进行控制。%In recent years, with the rapid development of electronic technology and communication technology, manufacturing unmanned intelligent car has a big boom. The popularity of 3G network and the demand is higher and higher. 4G is came into being in this context, this paper on the unmanned remote monitoring system of intelligent vehicles, unmanned intelligent cars through the 4G network information in the form of numbers and pictures sent to the remote monitoring, remote monitor and control the operating personnel, can see unmanned intelligent vehicle information and control.

  3. Data acquisition, remote control and equipment monitoring for ISOLDE RILIS

    Rossel, R.E., E-mail: [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz (Germany); Hochschule RheinMain, Fachbereich Design Informatik Medien, Wiesbaden (Germany); Fedosseev, V.N.; Marsh, B.A. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Richter, D. [Hochschule RheinMain, Fachbereich Design Informatik Medien, Wiesbaden (Germany); Rothe, S. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz (Germany); Wendt, K.D.A. [Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz (Germany)


    Highlights: • The requirements for continuous and automated RILIS operation are outlined. • Laser wavelength, power, beam position and pulse timing are continuously monitored. • A network-extended LabVIEW-based equipment operation framework was developed. • The system serves as a foundation for collaborative laser spectroscopy data acquisition. • Example applications have been successfully tested with ISOLDE experiment setups. -- Abstract: With a steadily increasing on-line operation time up to a record 3000 h in the year 2012, the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) is one of the key components of the ISOLDE on-line isotope user facility at CERN. Ion beam production using the RILIS is essential for many experiments due to the unmatched combination of ionization efficiency and selectivity. To meet the reliability requirements the RILIS is currently operated in shift duty for continuous maintenance of crucial laser parameters such as wavelength, power, beam position and timing, as well as ensuring swift intervention in case of an equipment malfunction. A recent overhaul of the RILIS included the installation of new pump lasers, commercial dye lasers and a complementary, fully solid-state titanium:sapphire laser system. The framework of the upgrade also required the setup of a network-extended, LabVIEW-based system for data acquisition, remote control and equipment monitoring, to support RILIS operators as well as ISOLDE users. The system contributes to four key aspects of RILIS operation: equipment monitoring, machine protection, automated self-reliance, and collaborative data acquisition. The overall concept, technologies used, implementation status and recent applications during the 2012 on-line operation period will be presented along with a summary of future developments.

  4. Drought monitoring using remote sensing of evapotranspiration

    Drought assessment is a complex endeavor, requiring monitoring of deficiencies in multiple components of the hydrologic budget. Precipitation anomalies reflect variability in water supply to the land surface, while soil moisture (SM), ground and surface water anomalies reflect deficiencies in moist...

  5. Open 3G Network Remote Monitoring System in Digital City%开放式3G网络远程监控系统在数字城市中的应用



    3G remote monitoring technology for the current existence of open weak,poor reliability,lack of application development difficult,this paper intends to build an open 3G network remote monitoring system in terms of the overall architecture of the system and openness,compatibility,reliability of data transmission,etc. and apply it to the dynamic monitoring of digital urban infrastructure and public utilities go,and promote the development of 3G technology and wireless network monitoring,promoting several city urban construction,sharing of information resources.%针对目前3G远程监控技术存在开放性弱、可靠性差、应用开发难的不足,本文拟从系统的整体架构及开放性、兼容性、数据传输的可靠性等方面构建开放式3G网络远程监控系统,并将其应用到数字城市基础设施与公共事业的动态监控中去,推进3G技术在无线网络监控中的应用和发展,促进数市化城市建设,实现信息资源共享。


    Watkins, Allen H.; Lauer, D.T.; Bailey, G.B.; Moore, D.G.; Rohde, W.G.


    Space remote sensing systems are compared for suitability in assessing and monitoring the Earth's renewable resources. Systems reviewed include the Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), the French Systeme Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre (SPOT), the German Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS) Modular Optoelectronic Multispectral Scanner (MOMS), the European Space Agency (ESA) Spacelab Metric Camera, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Large Format Camera (LFC) and Shuttle Imaging Radar (SIR-A and -B), the Russian Meteor satellite BIK-E and fragment experiments and MKF-6M and KATE-140 camera systems, the ESA Earth Resources Satellite (ERS-1), the Japanese Marine Observation Satellite (MOS-1) and Earth Resources Satellite (JERS-1), the Canadian Radarsat, the Indian Resources Satellite (IRS), and systems proposed or planned by China, Brazil, Indonesia, and others. Also reviewed are the concepts for a 6-channel Shuttle Imaging Spectroradiometer, a 128-channel Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer Experiment (SISEX), and the U. S. Mapsat.

  7. Challenges for remote monitoring and control of small reactors

    Trask, D., E-mail: [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Canada)


    This paper considers a model for small, unmanned, remotely located reactors and discusses the ensuing cyber security and operational challenges for monitoring and control and how these challenges might be overcome through some of AECL's research initiatives and experience. (author)

  8. BANip: Enabling Remote Healthcare Monitoring with Body Area Networks

    Dokovski, Nikolay; Halteren, van Aart; Widya, Ing; Guelfi, Nicolas; Astesiano, Egidio; Reggio, Gianna


    This paper presents a Java service platform for mobile healthcare that enables remote health monitoring using 2.5/3G public wireless networks. The platform complies with todayrsquos healthcare delivery models, in particular it incorporates some functionality of a healthcare call center, a healthport

  9. BANip: Enabling Remote Healthcare Monitoring with Body Area Networks

    Dokovski, N.T.; van Halteren, Aart; Widya, I.A.; Guelfi, Nicolas; Astesiano, Egidio; Reggio, Gianna


    This paper presents a Java service platform for mobile healthcare that enables remote health monitoring using 2.5/3G public wireless networks. The platform complies with todayrsquos healthcare delivery models, in particular it incorporates some functionality of a healthcare call center, a healthport


    The extent of past and anticipated plantings of transgenic corn in the United States requires a new approach to monitor this important crop for the development of pest resistance. Remote sensing by aerial and/or satellite images may provide a method of identifying transgenic pest...


    Current plantings of 25+ million acres of transgenic corn in the United States require a new approach to monitor this important crop for the development of pest resistance. Remote sensing by aerial or satellite images may provide a method of identifying transgenic pesticidal cro...

  12. BES Monitoring & Displaying System

    MengWANG; BingyunZHANG; 等


    BES1 Monitoring & Displaying System(BESMDS)is projected to monitor and display the running status of DAQ and Slow Control systems of BES through the Web for worldwide accessing.It provides a real-time remote means of monitoring as well as an approach to study the environmental influence upon physical data taking.The system collects real-time data separately from BES online subsystems by network sockets and stores the data into a database.People can access the system through its web site.which retrieves data on request from the database and can display results in dynamically created images.Its web address in http:// besmds,

  13. 水情遥测站远程终端中的光伏电源远程状态诊断%Study of photovoltaic module in hydrology remote monitoring system



    A remote monitoring solar power supply system is introduced.In hydrology information remote acquisition system,a remote terminal unit(RTU) is a main facility which not only used to communicate to the center station,connect to data sensing transducers,but also it is a solar powered individual system.The management and regulation of the solar power panels and the embedded lithium battery are an important part of RTU.The photovoltaic module which solves the over voltage regulation,efficient power charging and all the parameters of the power system is transparently remote monitor able;and self-diagnosis is presented.It therefore is able to enhance the whole system's stability and reliability.According to all the achieved hydrology remote monitoring systems,it is proved to be a high reliability,low power consumption,long life compact power management module.%给出了光伏电源的调制技术和对锂电池的恒流、恒压和涓流的分阶段充电管理技术,并就遥测站RTU中高效、科学管理光伏电源、储能电池以及实现遥测站对光伏电源运行和充放电状态的远程在线过程检测进行了系统介绍.通过在广东佛山东风水库、广东云浮郁南大河水库等多个大坝的现场运行资料表明,该技术提高了遥测系统的透明度和异常预测能力,能够实现对RTU光伏电源系统的远程监测和诊断,确保水情测站的可靠运行.

  14. 基于互联网的盾构远程实时监控系统开发%Development of Internet-based Real-time Remote Monitoring System for Shield Machines

    孟祥波; 徐受天; 马强


    为解决大型施工单位多台盾构同时施工时技术人员不足的困难,设计一套基于互联网的盾构远程实时监控系统,实现多台盾构集中监控、多用户访问和远程故障诊断等功能。分别从系统的结构、硬件和软件3个方面对系统进行研究,最终实现在任意互联网接入的地方通过安装客户端软件或者WEB浏览器方式访问多台盾构的目的。系统方便了技术人员远程协助,提高了管理效率,节约了管理成本。%An internet-based real-time remote monitoring system for shield machines is developed,which has such functions as centralized monitoring of multiple shield machines,multi-user access and remote fault diagnosis.The mentioning system is studied in terms of system structure,hardware and software.With the monitoring system,multiple shield machines can be accessed through installing client software or Web Browser at any place with Internet.The system is beneficial to perform remote assistance,improve the management efficiency and reduce the management cost.

  15. Design and realization of remote monitoring system based on radar networking%基于雷达组网远程监控系统设计与实现

    李华敏; 王瑛; 孙君亮


    针对雷达组网系统对远端雷达站监控的需要,提出了一种雷达远程监控系统设计方法.采用高性能TMS320DM642处理器作为系统硬件平台,应用其高速处理性能和片上集成外设端口功能,实现对雷达状态视频信号采集及数据压缩处理,利用其IP端口完成远程数据传输.该系统嵌入远端雷达站,以视频方式收集雷达工作状态信息并上传;雷达组网系统接收并显示各雷达视频信息,实现了远程监控.%According to the requirement on remote radar station monitoring of radar networking system, a new. Design method for the radar remote monitoring system is proposed. The system hardware platform is based on high performance processor TMS320DM642, and uses the high-speed processing performance and video port function to acquire the radar state video signal and process the video data compression. Using the IP port, the data transmission is achieved for long-distance. As the system embedding every beyond radar, the radar work state information is transmitted by video collection. The radar networking system achieves remote monitoring by receiving and showing every radar video information.

  16. Remote Excavation System test plan

    Walker, S.; Hyde, R.A.


    The Office of Technology Development (OTD) established the Robotics Technology Development Program (RTDP) to integrate robotic development activities on a national basis; provide needs-oriented, timely, and economical robotics technology to support environmental and waste operations activities at Department of Energy (DOE) sites; and provide the focus and direction for the near term (less than five years) and guidance for the tong-term (five to twenty years) research and development efforts for site-specific problems. The RTDP consists of several programs including the Buried Waste Robotics Program (BWRP), which addresses remote buried waste applications. The Remote Excavation System (RES) was developed under the RTDP to provide a safer method of excavating hazardous materials for both the DOE and the Department of Defense (DOD). The excavator, initially developed by the DOD as a manually-operated small excavator, has been modified for teleoperation with joint funding from the BWRP and the DOD. The Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) and the Uranium Soils Integrated Demonstration (USID) are funding the demonstration, testing, and evaluation of the RES covered in this test plan. This document covers testing both at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), as funded by BWID and USID. This document describes the tests planned for the RES demonstration for the BWRP. The purposes of the test plan are (1) to establish test parameters to ensure that the demonstration results are deemed useful and usable and (2) to demonstrate performance in a safe manner within all regulatory requirements.

  17. A remote data access architecture for home-monitoring health-care applications.

    Lin, Chao-Hung; Young, Shuenn-Tsong; Kuo, Te-Son


    With the aging of the population and the increasing patient preference for receiving care in their own homes, remote home care is one of the fastest growing areas of health care in Taiwan and many other countries. Many remote home-monitoring applications have been developed and implemented to enable both formal and informal caregivers to have remote access to patient data so that they can respond instantly to any abnormalities of in-home patients. The aim of this technology is to give both patients and relatives better control of the health care, reduce the burden on informal caregivers and reduce visits to hospitals and thus result in a better quality of life for both the patient and his/her family. To facilitate their widespread adoption, remote home-monitoring systems take advantage of the low-cost features and popularity of the Internet and PCs, but are inherently exposed to several security risks, such as virus and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. These security threats exist as long as the in-home PC is directly accessible by remote-monitoring users over the Internet. The purpose of the study reported in this paper was to improve the security of such systems, with the proposed architecture aimed at increasing the system availability and confidentiality of patient information. A broker server is introduced between the remote-monitoring devices and the in-home PCs. This topology removes direct access to the in-home PC, and a firewall can be configured to deny all inbound connections while the remote home-monitoring application is operating. This architecture helps to transfer the security risks from the in-home PC to the managed broker server, on which more advanced security measures can be implemented. The pros and cons of this novel architecture design are also discussed and summarized.

  18. Inductive Monitoring System (IMS)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — IMS: Inductive Monitoring System The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) is a tool that uses a data mining technique called clustering to extract models of normal...

  19. Flight Systems Monitor Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This SBIR Phase I project will develop the Flight System Monitor which will use non-intrusive electrical monitoring (NEMO). The electronic system health of...

  20. Lunar articulated remote transportation system


    The students of the Florida A&M/Florida State University College of Engineering continued their design from 1988 to 1989 on a first generation lunar transportation vehicle for use on the surface of the Moon between the years 2010 and 2020. Attention is focused on specific design details on all components of the Lunar Articulated Remote Transportation System (Lunar ARTS). The Lunar ARTS will be a three-cart, six-wheeled articulated vehicle. Its purpose will be the transportation of astronauts and/or materials for excavation purposes at a short distance from the base (37.5 km). The power system includes fuel cells for both the primary system and the back-up system. The vehicle has the option of being operated in a manned or unmanned mode. The unmanned mode includes stereo imaging with signal processing for navigation. For manned missions the display console is a digital readout displayed on the inside of the astronaut's helmet. A microprocessor is also on board the vehicle. Other components of the vehicle include a double wishbone/flexible hemispherical wheel suspension; chassis; a steering system; motors; seat retraints; heat rejection systems; solar flare protection; dust protection; and meteoroid protection. A one-quarter scale dynamic model has been built to study the dynamic behavior of the vehicle. The dynamic model closely captures the mechanical and electrical details of the total design.

  1. Developing strategies for automated remote plant production systems: Environmental control and monitoring of the Arthur Clarke Mars Greenhouse in the Canadian High Arctic

    Bamsey, M.; Berinstain, A.; Graham, T.; Neron, P.; Giroux, R.; Braham, S.; Ferl, R.; Paul, A.-L.; Dixon, M.


    The Arthur Clarke Mars Greenhouse is a unique research facility dedicated to the study of greenhouse engineering and autonomous functionality under extreme operational conditions, in preparation for extraterrestrial biologically-based life support systems. The Arthur Clarke Mars Greenhouse is located at the Haughton Mars Project Research Station on Devon Island in the Canadian High Arctic. The greenhouse has been operational since 2002. Over recent years the greenhouse has served as a controlled environment facility for conducting scientific and operationally relevant plant growth investigations in an extreme environment. Since 2005 the greenhouse has seen the deployment of a refined nutrient control system, an improved imaging system capable of remote assessment of basic plant health parameters, more robust communication and power systems as well as the implementation of a distributed data acquisition system. Though several other Arctic greenhouses exist, the Arthur Clarke Mars Greenhouse is distinct in that the focus is on autonomous operation as opposed to strictly plant production. Remote control and autonomous operational experience has applications both terrestrially in production greenhouses and extraterrestrially where future long duration Moon/Mars missions will utilize biological life support systems to close the air, food and water loops. Minimizing crew time is an important goal for any space-based system. The experience gained through the remote operation of the Arthur Clarke Mars Greenhouse is providing the experience necessary to optimize future plant production systems and minimize crew time requirements. Internal greenhouse environmental data shows that the fall growth season (July-September) provides an average photosynthetic photon flux of 161.09 μmol m -2 s -1 (August) and 76.76 μmol m -2 s -1 (September) with approximately a 24 h photoperiod. The spring growth season provides an average of 327.51 μmol m -2 s -1 (May) and 339.32 μmol m -2 s

  2. [Review of monitoring soil water content using hyperspectral remote sensing].

    Wu, Dai-hui; Fan, Wen-jie; Cui, Yao-kui; Yan, Bin-yan; Xu, Xi-ru


    Soil water content is a key parameter in monitoring drought. In recent years, a lot of work has been done on monitoring soil water content based on hyperspectral remotely sensed data both at home and abroad. In the present review, theories, advantages and disadvantages of the monitoring methods using different bands are introduced first. Then the unique advantages, as well as the problems, of the monitoring method with the aid of hyperspectral remote sensing are analyzed. In addition, the impact of soil water content on soil reflectance spectrum and the difference between values at different wavelengths are summarized. This review lists and summarizes the quantitative relationships between soil water content and soil reflectance obtained through analyzing the physical mechanism as well as through statistical way. The key points, advantages and disadvantages of each model are also analyzed and evaluated. Then, the problems in experimental study are pointed out, and the corresponding solutions are proposed. At the same time, the feasibility of removing vegetation effect is discussed, when monitoring soil water content using hyperspectral remote sensing. Finally, the future research trend is prospected.

  3. Optimized Radar Remote Sensing for Levee Health Monitoring

    Jones, Cathleen E.


    Radar remote sensing offers great potential for high resolution monitoring of ground surface changes over large areas at one time to detect movement on and near levees and for location of seepage through levees. Our NASA-funded projects to monitor levees in the Sacramento Delta and the Mississippi River have developed and demonstrated methods to use radar remote sensing to measure quantities relevant to levee health and of great value to emergency response. The DHS-funded project will enable us is to define how to optimally monitor levees in this new way and set the stage for transition to using satellite SAR (synthetic aperture radar) imaging for better temporal and spatial coverage at lower cost to the end users.

  4. Remote monitoring within the framework of rock burst prevention. Fernueberwachung in der Gebirgsschlagverhuetung

    Hahnekamp, H.G.; Koenig, W.; Kuzia, M.


    The DMT Institute for Rock Control and Backfilling of Cavities has developed a technically simple remote monitoring system for use within the framwork of rock burst prevention. With this system coal faces can be continuously monitored even under difficult underground conditions without serious operating problems. For the monitoring the variables measured underground, viz. rock pressure, rock movement and deformation of test boreholes, are transmitted via the telecommunication network of the colliery to a computer on the surface, where they are evaluated online with regard to recognition of a rock burst hazard. Display of the actual monitoring situation on the computer screen permits immediate initiation of safety measures in the event of danger. (orig.).

  5. Real-Time Virtual Instruments for Remote Sensor Monitoring Using Low Bandwidth Wireless Networks

    Biruk Gebre


    Full Text Available The development of a peer-to-peer virtual instrumentation system for remote acquisition, analysis and transmission of data on low bandwidth networks is described. The objective of this system is to collect high frequency/high bandwidth data from multiple sensors placed at remote locations and adaptively adjust the resolution of this data so that it can be transmitted on bandwidth limited networks to a central monitoring and command center. This is achieved by adaptively re-sampling (decimating the data from the sensors at the remote location before transmission. The decimation is adjusted to the available bandwidth of the communications network which is characterized in real-time. As a result, the system allows users at the remote command center to view high bandwidth data (at a lower resolution with user-aware and minimized latency. This technique is applied to an eight hydrophone data acquisition system that requires a 25.6 Mbps connection for the transmission of the full data set using a wireless connection with 1 – 3.5 Mbps variable bandwidth. This technique can be used for applications that require monitoring of high bandwidth data from remote sensors in research and education fields such as remote scientific instruments and visually driven control applications.

  6. Real-Time Virtual Instruments for Remote Sensor Monitoring Using Low Bandwidth Wireless Networks

    Biruk Gebre


    Full Text Available The development of a peer-to-peer virtual instrumentation system for remote acquisition, analysis and transmission of data on low bandwidth networks is described. The objective of this system is to collect high frequency/high bandwidth data from multiple sensors placed at remote locations and adaptively adjust the resolution of this data so that it can be transmitted on bandwidth limited networks to a central monitoring and command center. This is achieved by adaptively re-sampling (decimating the data from the sensors at the remote location before transmission. The decimation is adjusted to the available bandwidth of the communications network which is characterized in real-time. As a result, the system allows users at the remote command center to view high bandwidth data (at a lower resolution with user-aware and minimized latency. This technique is applied to an eight hydrophone data acquisition system that requires a 25.6 Mbps connection for the transmission of the full data set using a wireless connection with 1 – 3.5 Mbps variable bandwidth. This technique can be used for applications that require monitoring of high bandwidth data from remote sensors in research and education fields such as remote scientific instruments and visually driven control applications.

  7. [Hyperspectral remote sensing in monitoring the vegetation heavy metal pollution].

    Li, Na; Lü, Jian-sheng; Altemann, W


    Mine exploitation aggravates the environment pollution. The large amount of heavy metal element in the drainage of slag from the mine pollutes the soil seriously, doing harm to the vegetation growing and human health. The investigation of mining environment pollution is urgent, in which remote sensing, as a new technique, helps a lot. In the present paper, copper mine in Dexing was selected as the study area and China sumac as the study plant. Samples and spectral data in field were gathered and analyzed in lab. The regression model from spectral characteristics for heavy metal content was built, and the feasibility of hyperspectral remote sensing in environment pollution monitoring was testified.

  8. Remote shock sensing and notification system

    Muralidharan, Govindarajan; Britton, Charles L.; Pearce, James; Jagadish, Usha; Sikka, Vinod K.


    A low-power shock sensing system includes at least one shock sensor physically coupled to a chemical storage tank to be monitored for impacts, and an RF transmitter which is in a low-power idle state in the absence of a triggering signal. The system includes interference circuitry including or activated by the shock sensor, wherein an output of the interface circuitry is coupled to an input of the RF transmitter. The interface circuitry triggers the RF transmitting with the triggering signal to transmit an alarm message to at least one remote location when the sensor senses a shock greater than a predetermined threshold. In one embodiment the shock sensor is a shock switch which provides an open and a closed state, the open state being a low power idle state.

  9. Remote shock sensing and notification system

    Muralidharan, Govindarajan [Knoxville, TN; Britton, Charles L [Alcoa, TN; Pearce, James [Lenoir City, TN; Jagadish, Usha [Knoxville, TN; Sikka, Vinod K [Oak Ridge, TN


    A low-power shock sensing system includes at least one shock sensor physically coupled to a chemical storage tank to be monitored for impacts, and an RF transmitter which is in a low-power idle state in the absence of a triggering signal. The system includes interface circuitry including or activated by the shock sensor, wherein an output of the interface circuitry is coupled to an input of the RF transmitter. The interface circuitry triggers the RF transmitter with the triggering signal to transmit an alarm message to at least one remote location when the sensor senses a shock greater than a predetermined threshold. In one embodiment the shock sensor is a shock switch which provides an open and a closed state, the open state being a low power idle state.

  10. Research and Development in the Vehicle Fuel Consumption Information Extraction and Remote Monitoring System%车辆油耗信息提取与远程监控系统研发

    孙国凯; 褚林涛; 刘应吉


    In order to improve the level of the vehicle's energy consumption statistics,a vehicle fuel on a local extraction and remote monitoring system has been designed.This system is based on vehicles which use the CAN-bus,and Integrates GPS,GPRS and SD card module.This system can collect and store the vehicle fuel consumption information through the CAN-bus,and feedback this information to the business' monitoring center by GPRS.The system allows managers to remotely understand the vehicle's fuel consumption information and to make appropriate management measures.Hence,the vehicle's fuel economical efficiency could be improved by this system.%为提高车辆的能源消耗统计水平,提出并设计了车辆油耗本地提取与远程监控系统。该系统以带CAN总线的车辆为基础,整合GPS、GPRS以及SD卡模块,可通过CAN总线采集并存储车辆的油耗信息,并通过GPRS无线传输网络传至监控中心。该系统可使管理人员远程了解车辆的油耗信息,并做出相应的经营管理对策,提高车辆的燃油经济性。

  11. Linux平台智能家居的本地监控与远程监控%Local and Remote Monitoring of Smart Home System Based on Linux Platform

    杨威; 高文华


    针对智能家居的应用需求和特点,对智能家居系统进行分析和研究,提出了一种智能家居系统的整体设计方案.以Cortex-A8为核心处理器,Linux嵌入式系统为智能家居控制系统,利用Android提供的各种资源建立智能家居远程控制软件,实现了家用电器的远程监控和本地监控相结合.%Aiming at application requirements and features of smart home, the paper analyzes and researches the smart home system, and the overall design of smart home system is proposed. Taking Cortex-A8 as the core processor and adopting Linux embedded system as smart home control system, the design uses various sources provided by Android to build smart home remote monitoring software. The system realizes the combination of remote control of household appliances and local monitoring.

  12. Design of Remote Monitoring System of Silkworm-egg Incubation Environment Based on MCGS%基于MCGS的蚕种催青环境远程测控系统设计

    束文蕾; 华彬; 刘亮亮; 梁培生


    A remote monitoring system of silkworm-egg incubation environment based on MCGS was designed.The remote monitoring system could real-time collect and monitor incubation;parameters such as temperature,humidity,illuminance and air current through the commun%设计了一种基于MCGS的蚕种催青环境远程监控和管理系统。该系统采用采集控制器采集现场温度、湿度、光照、气流等数据,通过对mcgs组态软件进行二次开发,实现PC机与采集控制器进行通讯,可以现场和远程监控催青室的温度、湿度、光照和气流等环境参数。实际运行效果表明.该系统具有性能稳定可靠、成本低、监测精度高等特点,并具有实时动画显示、趋势曲线显示、数据库查询、报表输出打印等功能。

  13. 基于ARM-Linux的酒精发酵远程监控系统的设计与实现%Design and implementation of alcohol fermentation remote monitoring system based on ARM-Linux

    郭鹏飞; 齐跃; 李朝阳; 张建伟


    The current alcohol fermentation was supervisory controled mainly by using singlechip and had disadvantages such as backward function,small montioring range and inconvenient information circulation feedback. A remote monitoring system was designed. In this system, the data of pH value and temperature etc were collected and processed based on ARM platform and Linux operation system. The data were also transmitted from alcohol fermentation equipment to host machine using TCP/IP protocol, at the same time it supports remote client to control through the Web, so the remote monitoring was reached for alcohol fermentation equipment. The test results showed that the program broadens the scope of monitoring,and it has a good application prospect.%针对目前酒精发酵主要使用单片机进行实地监控,其功能落后、监控范围小、信息流通反馈不便等问题,设计了一个远程监控系统.该系统采用ARM平台和Linux操作系统实现pH值、温度等数据的采集和处理,并采用TCP/IP协议、依靠网络将酒精发酵设备数据向主机传送,同时支持远程客户通过Web方式对设备进行控制,从而实现对酒精发酵设备的远程监控.测试结果表明该方案拓宽了监控范围,具有良好的应用前景.

  14. 腹膜透析远程监控系统信息安全的研究与设计%Research and Design of Peritoneal Dialysis Remote Monitoring System Information Security

    冯凌杰; 张梅; 胡跃明


    针对腹膜透析远程监控系统的数据信息安全问题,研究了基于MD5不可逆加密和AES对称数据加密方式的加密技术,对于用户登录密码进行MD5加密,对网络传输的数据使用Rijndael候选算法利用128位密匙进行加密,同时采用了超级管理员、管理员和普通用户的三级用户权限管理技术和面向连接的TCP网络通信协议,从而实现了对远程监控系统管理用户信息和网络传输数据的保护,有效提高了腹膜透析远程监控系统数据信息的安全性.%Due to the data security problem of peritoneal dialysis remote monitoring system, non-reversible MD5 encryption and AES symmetric data encryption were studied, designed the user login passwords with MD5 encryption and the network data transmission based on Rijndael Candidate Algorithm which using 128-bit key candidate encryption, while using the three user right management schemes super administrator , administrator and general users and adopt TCP protocol as network communication protocol, By the above actions the user information and data of network transmission for peritoneal dialysis remote monitoring system were protected , so the data security of peritoneal dialysis remote monitoring system was effectively improved.

  15. Remote Monitoring System of Running State for Commercial Passenger Car with CAN Bus and GPRS%基于CAN总线与GPRS的营运客车运行状态远程监控系统研究

    刘应吉; 曹庆富; 张学文; 张国胜; 姚羽


    为实现营运车辆远程监控与故障诊断,提升车辆运行安全监管水平并降低事故隐患,提出并设计基于CAN总线与GPRS的营运客车运行状态信息远程监控系统.采用带CAN总线控制器的Freescale MC9S12DG128开发了营运客车运行状态信息采集车载终端,可实时采集车辆工作单元的关键参数如制动压力、油压、转速以及故障码信息等,并通过GPRS模块传输给远程监控中心系统分析应用.经实车试验证明,整体系统工作稳定可靠,能够实现预期设计功能.%In order to realize remote monitoring and fault diagnosis of commercial passenger car, and to improve running safety management level and reduce accident potential of vehicle, this paper proposed and designed a remote monitoring system of running state for commercial passenger car based on CAN Bus and GPRS. A vehicle information collection terminal of running state for commercial passenger car was developed with the Freescale MC9S12DG128 chip, e-quipped with the CAN bus controller. This system collected key parameters of vehicle work unit such as oil pressure and brake pressure, as well as fault code information through the designed CAN nodes, and transmitted these parameters to the remote monitoring platform through GPRS modules for further application and analysis. The real vehicle experiment results indicate that this system can accomplish each design function stably and reliably.

  16. Remote Monitoring System Used for Power Substation Integrated Automation%遥视系统用于电力变电站综合自动化



    变电站是调控原始电能大小的主要场所,利用变电站设备可完成电能从高到低或从低到高的转换。综合自动化是未来变电站运行的新趋势,将遥视系统运用于变电站运行管理可提高其安全性、可靠性,本文重点分析了遥视系统的相关问题。%Substation is the original power control size of the main site,use substation equipment can complete electrical energy from high to low or from low to high conversion.The integrated automation is the new trend of future substation operation,the remote vision system used in substation operation management can improve its safety, reliability, this paper focuses on the analysis of remote viewing system related problems.

  17. Application of remote monitoring technology in landslides in the Luoshan mining area

    Man-chao He; Zhi-gang Tao; Bin Zhang [China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing (China). Research Center of Geotechnical Engineering


    With the scale extending of mining, the landslide disaster in the earth's surface will become more and more serious, and these landslide disasters are being threatened to the sustainable safe mining of the underground mine and the open-pit mine. Based on the theory that sliding force is greater than the shear resistance (resisting force) at the potential slip surface is the necessary and sufficient condition to occur the landslide as the sliding criterion, the principle and method for sliding force remote monitoring is presented, and the functional relationship between the human mechanical quantity and the natural sliding force is derived, hereby, the natural sliding force can be calculated according to the human mechanical quantity. Based on above principle and method, a new system of landslide remote monitoring is designed and 53 systems are installed on the landslide body in the Luoshan mining area, which make up the landslide remote monitoring network. According to the results of field test around 8 months, monitoring curves between sliding force and time are obtained, which can describe and forecast the develop trend of landslide. According to above analysis, the results show that this system has some following advantages: (1) real-time monitoring; (2) remote intelligent transmission; (3) landslides early warning. 11 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Application of remote monitoring technology in landslides in the Luoshan mining area

    HE Man-chao; TAO Zhi-gang; ZHANG Bin


    With the scale extending of mining, the landslide disaster in the earth's surface will become more and more serious, and these landslide disasters are being threatened to the sustainable safe mining of the underground mine and the open-pit mine. Based on the theory that sliding force is greater than the shear resistance (resisting force) at the potential slip surface is the necessary and sufficient condition to occur the landslide as the sliding criterion, the principle and method for sliding force remote monitoring is presented, and the functional relationship between the human mechanical quantity and the natural sliding force is derived, hereby, the natural sliding force can be calculated according to the human mechanical quantity. Based on above principle and method, a new system of landslide remote monitoring is designed and 53 systems are installed on the landslide body in the Luoshan mining area, which make up the landslide remote monitoring network. According to the results of field test around 8 months, monitoring curves between sliding force and time are obtained, which can describe and forecast the develop trend of landslide. According to above analysis, the results show that this system has some following advantages: (1) real-time monitoring; (2) remote intelligent transmission; (3) landslides early warning.

  19. Research on Remote Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis Technology of Numerical Control Machine

    ZHANG Jianyu; GAO Lixin; CUI Lingli; LI Xianghui; WANG Yingwang


    Based on the internet technology, it has become possible to complete remote monitoring and fault diagnosis for the numerical control machine. In order to capture the micro-shock signal induced by the incipient fault on the rotating parts, the resonance demodulation technology is utilized in the system. As a subsystem of the remote monitoring system, the embedded data acquisition instrument not only integrates the demodulation board but also complete the collection and preprocess of monitoring data from different machines. Furthermore, through connecting to the internet, the data can be transferred to the remote diagnosis center and data reading and writing function can be finished in the database. At the same time, the problem of the IP address floating in the dial-up of web server is solved by the dynamic DNS technology. Finally, the remote diagnosis software developed on the LabVIEW platform can analyze the monitoring data from manufacturing field. The research results have indicated that the equipment status can be monitored by the system effectively.

  20. Self-Powered, Wireless, Remote Meteorologic Monitoring Based on Triboelectric Nanogenerator Operated by Scavenging Wind Energy.

    Zhang, Hulin; Wang, Jie; Xie, Yuhang; Yao, Guang; Yan, Zhuocheng; Huang, Long; Chen, Sihong; Pan, Taisong; Wang, Liping; Su, Yuanjie; Yang, Weiqing; Lin, Yuan


    Meteorologic monitoring plays a key role on weather forecast and disaster warning and deeply relies on various sensor networks. It is an optimal choice that grabbing the environmental energy around sensors for driving sensor network. Here, we demonstrate a self-powered, wireless, remote meteorologic monitoring system based on an innovative TENG. The TENG has been proved capable of scavenging wind energy and can be employed for self-powered, wireless meteorologic sounding. This work not only promotes the development of renewable energy harvesting, but also exploits and enriches promising applications based on TENGs for self-powered, wireless, remote sensing.

  1. Environmental monitoring: civilian applications of remote sensing

    Bolton, W.; Lapp, M.; Vitko, J. Jr. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Phipps, G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    This report documents the results of a Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program to explore how best to utilize Sandia`s defense-related sensing expertise to meet the Department of Energy`s (DOE) ever-growing needs for environmental monitoring. In particular, we focused on two pressing DOE environmental needs: (1) reducing the uncertainties in global warming predictions, and (2) characterizing atmospheric effluents from a variety of sources. During the course of the study we formulated a concept for using unmanned aerospace vehicles (UAVs) for making key 0798 climate measurements; designed a highly accurate, compact, cloud radiometer to be flown on those UAVs; and established the feasibility of differential absorption Lidar (DIAL) to measure atmospheric effluents from waste sites, manufacturing processes, and potential treaty violations. These concepts have had major impact since first being formulated in this ,study. The DOE has adopted, and DoD`s Strategic Environmental Research Program has funded, much of the UAV work. And the ultraviolet DIAL techniques have already fed into a major DOE non- proliferation program.

  2. Remote presence proctoring by using a wireless remote-control videoconferencing system.

    Smith, C Daniel; Skandalakis, John E


    Remote presence in an operating room to allow an experienced surgeon to proctor a surgeon has been promised through robotics and telesurgery solutions. Although several such systems have been developed and commercialized, little progress has been made using telesurgery for anything more than live demonstrations of surgery. This pilot project explored the use of a new videoconferencing capability to determine if it offers advantages over existing systems. The video conferencing system used is a PC-based system with a flat screen monitor and an attached camera that is then mounted on a remotely controlled platform. This device is controlled from a remotely placed PC-based videoconferencing system computer outfitted with a joystick. Using the public Internet and a wireless router at the client site, a surgeon at the control station can manipulate the videoconferencing system. Controls include navigating the unit around the room and moving the flat screen/camera portion like a head looking up/down and right/left. This system (InTouch Medical, Santa Barbara, CA) was used to proctor medical students during an anatomy class cadaver dissection. The ability of the remote surgeon to effectively monitor the students' dissections and direct their activities was assessed subjectively by students and surgeon. This device was very effective at providing a controllable and interactive presence in the anatomy lab. Students felt they were interacting with a person rather than a video screen and quickly forgot that the surgeon was not in the room. The ability to move the device within the environment rather than just observe the environment from multiple fixed camera angles gave the surgeon a similar feel of true presence. A remote-controlled videoconferencing system provides a more real experience for both student and proctor. Future development of such a device could greatly facilitate progress in implementation of remote presence proctoring.

  3. 基于 LabVIEW 的叶片厚度远程监控系统%Design of a Monitoring System with Remote Access Based on LabVIEW

    刘九庆; 朱福安; 王楠; 熊美芳; 于博


    网络技术经过近现代的高速发展已经成为一种非常成熟、具有高稳定性的应用技术,基于浏览器可以通过网络技术进行远程通信的优势已经被广泛应用。为此,基于该模式,利用虚拟仪器软件开发工具 LabVIEW设计出了植物叶片厚度微增量检测仪远程监控系统。该监控系统服务器端利用虚拟仪器软件开发工具LabVIEW设计出植物叶片厚度微增量检测仪的监测系统,并且利用所熟知的 TCP 网络协议通过 G 语言编程进行网络通信,实现客户端通过浏览器对植物叶片厚度微增量检测仪数据变化进行远程监控。最后,对基于 LabVIEW 的植物叶片厚度微增量仪远程监控系统的优势进行了说明。%With the high-speed development of internet technology ,the telecommuncation which based on the browser/server mode shows unique advatage .In this paper , we designed a monitoring system with remote access for a Non -de-structive Contact Measuring Instrument .And we made use of the Virtual Instrument-LabVIEW design this monitoring sys-tem .The server side of the monitoring system is designed by the LabVIEW .Because there are a TCP communications pro-tocols in the LabVIEW ,we made use of the TCP communications protocols to realize the remote supervisory .Then we can monitor and sontrol the variation in thickness of the plant leaves with remote access .At last,the article introduce the ad-vantage of the mondtoring system with remote access based on the LabVIEW .

  4. Data acquisition, remote control and equipment monitoring for ISOLDE RILIS

    Rossel, R E; Richter, D; Wendt, K D A; Rothe, S; Marsh, B A


    With a steadily increasing on-line operation time up to a record 3000 h in the year 2012, the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) is one of the key components of the ISOLDE on-line isotope user facility at CERN. Ion beam production using the RILIS is essential for many experiments due to the unmatched combination of ionization efficiency and selectivity. To meet the reliability requirements the RILIS is currently operated in shift duty for continuous maintenance of crucial laser parameters such as wavelength, power, beam position and timing, as well as ensuring swift intervention in case of an equipment malfunction. A recent overhaul of the RILIS included the installation of new pump lasers, commercial dye lasers and a complementary, fully solid-state titanium:sapphire laser system. The framework of the upgrade also required the setup of a network-extended, LabVIEW-based system for data acquisition, remote control and equipment monitoring, to support RILIS operators as well as ISOLDE users. The syst...

  5. Natural Resource Information System. Remote Sensing Studies.

    Leachtenauer, J.; And Others

    A major design objective of the Natural Resource Information System entailed the use of remote sensing data as an input to the system. Potential applications of remote sensing data were therefore reviewed and available imagery interpreted to provide input to a demonstration data base. A literature review was conducted to determine the types and…

  6. Storage monitoring systems for the year 2000

    Nilsen, C.; Pollock, R.


    In September 1993, President Clinton stated the US would ensure that its fissile material meet the highest standards of safety, security, and international accountability. Frequent human inspection of the material could be used to ensure these standards. However, it may be more effective and less expensive to replace these manual inspections with virtual inspections via remote monitoring technologies. To prepare for this future, Sandia National Laboratories has developed several monitoring systems, including the Modular Integrated Monitoring System (MIMS) and Project Straight-Line. The purpose of this paper is to describe a Sandia effort that merges remote monitoring technologies into a comprehensive storage monitoring system that will meet the near-term as well as the long-term requirements for these types of systems. Topics discussed include: motivations for storage monitoring systems to include remote monitoring; an overview of the needs and challenges of providing a storage monitoring system for the year 2000; an overview of how the MIMS and Straight-Line can be enhanced so that together they create an integrated and synergistic information system by the end of 1997; and suggested milestones for 1998 and 1999 to assure steady progress in preparing for the needs of 2000.

  7. An Unmanned Airship Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing System for Low-Altitude and High Spatial Resolution Monitoring of Urban Thermal Environments: Integration and an Experiment

    Peng Ren


    Full Text Available Satellite remote sensing data that lacks spatial resolution and timeliness is of limited ability to access urban thermal environment on a micro scale. This paper presents an unmanned airship low-altitude thermal infrared remote sensing system (UALTIRSS, which is composed of an unmanned airship, an onboard control and navigation subsystem, a task subsystem, a communication subsystem, and a ground-base station. Furthermore, an experimental method and an airborne-field experiment for collecting land surface temperature (LST were designed and conducted. The LST pattern within 0.8-m spatial resolution and with root mean square error (RMSE value of 2.63 °C was achieved and analyzed in the study region. Finally, the effects of surface types on the surrounding thermal environment were analyzed by LST profiles. Results show that the high thermal resolution imagery obtained from UALTIRSS can provide more detailed thermal information, which are conducive to classify fine urban material and assess surface urban heat island (SUHI. There is a significant positive correlation between the average LST of profiles and the percent impervious surface area (ISA% with R2 around 0.917. Overall, UALTIRSS and the retrieval method were proved to be low-cost and feasible for studying micro urban thermal environments.

  8. Remote monitoring of lower-limb prosthetic socket fit using wireless technologies.

    Sahandi, R; Sewell, P; Noroozi, S; Hewitt, M


    Accurate fitting of a lower-limb prosthetic socket is the most important factor affecting amputee satisfaction and rehabilitation. The technology is now available to allow real-time monitoring of in-service pressure distribution of prosthetic limbs. This paper proposes a remote interfacial pressure monitoring system necessary for the assessment of fit. The suitability of a wireless ZigBee network due to its relevant technical specification is investigated. The system enables remote monitoring of a prosthetic socket and its fit under different operating conditions thereby improving design, efficiency and effectiveness. The data can be used by prosthetists and may also be recorded for future training or for patient progress monitoring. This can minimize the number of iterations by getting it right first time, thereby minimizing the number of replacement prostheses.

  9. Design of the Remote Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis System for Power Electronic Equipment%电力电子设备远程监控与故障诊断系统设计

    马皓; 韩思亮


    针对电力电子设备中监控与故障诊断实时性要求高、数据传输量大、诊断原因复杂的特点,提出了一种具有强兼容性的基于工控机(IPC)和PLC现场控制分布式远程监控与故障诊断系统的新思路.结合电力电子技术、故障诊断技术以及网络技术,设计开发了一种三层C/S结构与Internet结合的电力电子设备远程监控与故障诊断网络系统,着重介绍了具有强兼容性的系统结构、现场监控兼容性设计、数据采集子系统和实时监控子系统等各部分子系统的设计和通信协议设计开发.%To meet the requirement of highly real-time, tremendous data transferring and complicated diagnostic causes of remote monitoring and fault diagnosis with power electronic equipment, a novel idea of distributed system with industrial PC (IPC) and PLC controlling field terminal is proposed in this paper. Based on the techniques of power electronics, fault diagnosis and network, a remote monitoring and fault diagnosis system with combination of a three-layer C/S structure and Internet is presented, which achieves with high compatibility between different equipment. Furthermore, the paper focuses on the discussion about the structure of compatible systems, the compatibility design of remote monitoring and the realization of field control equipment, such as the data collection sub-system, the real-time monitoring sub-system, the fault diagnosis sub-system and the data disposal and management sub-system, and the design of the data transferring sub-system and the communication protocol format.This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50207008).

  10. Eliciting caregivers’ needs for remote activity monitoring in early dementia at home

    Boerema, S.T.; Brul, M.; Willems, C.; Hermens, H.J.


    INTRODUCTION: With an increasing prevalence of dementia in the Netherlands from 235.000 in 2008 (1 per 70 inhabitants) up to an estimated 500.000 in 2050 (1 per 34 inhabitants), assisting technologies are needed to support care delivery in the home environment. Remote activity monitoring systems sho

  11. The Effect of Remote Sensor Spatial Resolution in Monitoring U.S. Army Training Maneuver Sites


    sensor systems would be very interesting. REFERENCES CITED Acevedo, W., J.S. Buis, and R.C. Wrigley . "Changes in Classification Accuracy Due to Varying...Bryant, Anthony J. Brazel, Charles F. Hutchinson, and Robert C. Balling. "Using Remotely Sensed Data to Monitor Land Surface Climatology Variations in a

  12. Remote sensing applied to pollution monitoring. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search



    The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of remote sensors to aid in the monitoring of air and water pollution. Citations address the use of lasers, optical radar systems, aerial photography, and satellite observations. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)


    Berseneva, E A; Korsakov, I M; Mikhailova, A G


    The issues are considered concerning necessity of development and implementation of mobile application of physician within the framework of automated system of remote monitoring of indicators of human health as a mean of increasing of quality medical care of patients. The main characteristics of development of the given mobile application of physician are considered.

  14. Application of Remote Sensing/ GIS in Monitoring Typha spp. Invasion and Challenges of Wetland Ecosystems Services in Dry Environment of Hadejia Nguru Wetland System Nigeria

    Gabriel Salako


    Full Text Available Although, the threat posed by Typha invasion to wetland utilization has been widely acknowledged in Hadejia Nguru wetland, yet little or no monitoring has been done to quantify the extent and time analysis of the threat. Remote sensing and GIS techniques were used in this study to monitor the Spatio-temporal dynamics of Typha spp. invasion in the dry environment of Hadejia Nguru Wetlands of NE Nigeria. Satellites images of Band 1, 2, 3, and 4 from Landsat ETM+ were acquired between 2003 and 2015 and natural color from GeoEye-1 in 2016 where image classification, change detection and spatial statistics were performed. To evaluate the impact of Typha grass on the livelihood of the people, a field investigation involving administration of 200 questionnaires was conducted among the two major wetland users: the farmers and the fishermen. The result from the RS/GIS revealed that Typha grass recorded an astronomical growth of 1013 % between 2003 and 2009 and another incremental of 32 % in 2015. The ANOVA test on land cover change in 2003, 2009 and 2015 showed a significant variation in land cover and use changes at p<0.05. The findings from field survey showed that Typha grass accounted for 70% decrease in land available for farmland and subsequent reduction in crop output by 90%. It also accounted for 80% reduction in total fish caught as compared to non Typha infested land and open water. Strategic and selective weeding by mechanical and manual techniques was therefore suggested as control measures to save the wetland ecosystem and wetland users livelihood.

  15. Remote power quality monitoring system based on EtherNet%基于ARM的远程电能质量监测系统

    赵燕君; 任卫东


    With the rapid development of society and economy, the power quality problems are getting worse, so making efficient power quality monitoring is becoming increasingly important. A power quality monitoring system based on ARM through the request of power monitoring was designed in this paper. By this system, the acquisition of real-time signal was completed, and a WEB server using embedded Linux with the TCP/IP protocol stack was built. In this way, the personnel could visit the system from any WEB browser. It is a new method for the long-distance power quality monitoring.%随着社会的进步和经济的快速发展,电能质量问题不断恶化,高效的电能质量监测变得越来越重要.从电力监测的实际要求出发,设计了基于ARM的电能质量综合监测系统,系统完成实时信号的采集,并利用嵌入式Linux自带的TCP/IP协议栈内建一个WEB服务器,工作人员可以在任何一个WEB浏览器访问这个系统.这对于地域跨越大的电网的远程监测提供了一种新思路.

  16. Design of Vehicle Intelligent Remote Anti-theft and Monitoring System Based on Mobile Communication%基于移动通信的车辆智能远程防盗监控系统的研制

    张泽秾; 李成; 杨浩


    A vehicle intelligent remote anti-theft and monitoring system based on mobile communi-cation is designed in this paper.Microcontroller is the core of the system.The system can send a-larm messages to the car owner if the car is in an abnormal condition,and then the car owner can control the subsystem of door lock and ignition remotely.It can also extract the information of latitude and longitude.Its software and hardware are debugged successfully.It could provide va-rious functions,including vehicle location,tracking,monitoring,and anti-theft alarm.%以单片机为核心设计了一款基于移动网络的车辆智能远程防盗监控系统。该系统实现了当车辆出现异常情况时向车主远程报警、车主可远程控制车辆的点火系统和门锁系统、提取车辆实时经纬度。该系统已成功通过了软硬联调测试,能提供车辆的定位、跟踪、监控、防盗报警等功能。

  17. A Dual-Mode UWB Wireless Platform with Random Pulse Length Detection for Remote Patient Monitoring

    Reyes, Carlos; Bisbe, Sergi; Shen, Ming


    on a single hardware platform, but it is capable of both monitoring and data transmission. This is achieved by employing a new random pulse length detection method that allows data transmission by using a modulated monitoring signal. To prove the proposed concept a test system has been built, using commercial......This paper presents a dual-mode ultra-wideband platform for wireless Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM). Existing RPM solutions are typically based on two different hardware platforms; one responsible for medical-data monitoring and one to handle data transmission. The proposed RPM topology is based...

  18. Based on the content networking technology remote building fire water pressure real-time monitoring system%基于物联网技术的远程建筑消防水压实时监控系统

    廖曙江; 刑佳佳; 陈睿迪; 徐培龙


    建筑消防供水系统由自动喷淋系统和消防水系统构成,消防供水系统的正常联动是关系到建筑物内人民群众生命安全重要保证.本文介绍一种基于物联网技术的建筑消防水压实时监控系统,对建筑物内部自动喷淋系统和消防水系统进行全天候2 4小时监控,达到自动监测、自动启泵供水目的,同时也满足了建筑消防水压远程实时监管的要求.%Building fire water supply system consists of automatic sprinkler system and fire system.Fire water supply system the normal working is building the people's life safety guarantee. Article introduces a real-time monitoring system the based on Internet of things technology building fire water pressure,Automatic sprinkler system and fire water system in Internal of building is monitored for all-weather 24hours, Achieving automatic monitoring and controlling automatic pump supplying water, also achieved Remote real-time supervision of building fire water pressure requirements.

  19. Design and Implementation of the Hybrid Wind/PV Power System's Remote Monitoring for Mobile Communication Base Station%移动通信基站风光互补系统远程监控设计与实现

    谢瑛珂; 龚恒翔; 巫江; 朱新才


    According to the demand of the hybrid wind/photovoltaic power system for mobile communication site,the study designed a distant monitoring system based on GPRS(General Packet Radio Service) network.The system achieved the hybrid wind/PV power system's real-time data collect and alarm,which include the operation parameters,environmental parameters,storage battery temperature and the video images.The monitoring software and website are designed and developed under the Visual and SQL Server 2005 environment,and realize the monitoring center and the mobile communication site monitoring terminal wireless communication,hybrid wind/photovoltaic system of remote real-time monitoring,the state analysis,remote controlling and alarming etc.And the real-time data are acquired and processed for display,statistics,analysis and storage,also support for internet access.The monitoring system has been trial running in hybrid wind/PV power system which generate electricity for Yangliu base station that lies in Chongqing Banan district,and meets the requirements of networkization and intelligentialization.It has important guiding significance for application and popularization in Chongqing with geographical meteorological characteristics of hybrid wind/photovoltaic system.%根据移动通信基站风光互补供电系统的需要,设计了基于GPRS网络的远程监控系统,实现了风光互补供电系统现场终端运行状况参数、现场环境参数、蓄电池组温度及现场视频图像的远程实时数据监测与报警.基于Visual.net与SQL Server 2005平台开发了监控软件,实现了监控中心与移动通信基站监控终端的无线通信,风光互补发电系统的远程实时监测、状态分析、远程控制和预警等功能,以及监控数据的实时显示、分析、统计及存储,并支持Internet远程查询和访问.该监控系统目前已在重庆移动公司巴南区杨柳基站风光互补供电系统中试运行,能满足系统

  20. 无线远程家庭监护系统的设计与实现%Research and design of the wireless remote household monitor system

    赵鹏; 叶建芳; 何佩佩


    针对亟待解决的独居老人监护的社会问题,设计了独居老人无线家庭监护系统。该系统通过医用电极采集受监护老人的生理信号,信号经过微弱信号放大电路及单片机处理后,通过无线收发模块将数据以无线的方式传送到小区监护中心。小区监护医生对老人进行每日的日常监护,一旦发生异常,监护系统立刻发生报警,通知急救人员进行救援。测试结果表明,系统性能稳定,能够对监护对象的脉搏、血压和心率进行实时监控。%To solve the social problem about monitoring of single-resided elder caused by the trend of aging , this paper de-signs a wireless monitor system for single-resided elder . The system firstly collects the elders′ physiological signals by medical electrode . After the amplification of feeble-signal-amplifying-circuit and the processing of single-chip , the data will be transmitted wirelessly by the wireless transition mode , to the community-monitoring-center , where the community doctor will carefully check the signals . Once an emergency occurs , the alarm-system will be activated immediately , asking the emergency center to take actions . Test results show that the system performance is stable and it is able to monitor the object′s pulse , blood pressure and heart rate under real-time monitoring condition .

  1. Radar-based remote sensing monitoring of roads

    Crosetto, Michele; Monserrat, Oriol; Luzi, Guido; Cuevas-González, María; Devanthéry, Núria


    This paper provides a brief description of two powerful radar-based remote sensing techniques to monitor the deformations of roads, their associated infrastructures and, more in general, their surroundings. The first technique is the satellite radar interferometric technique. In this work a specific technique, named Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI), is considered. This technique has wide-area coverage capability (e.g. covering thousands of square kilometres at the time) and,at the...

  2. Autonomous analyser platforms for remote monitoring of water quality

    Diamond, Dermot; Cleary, John; Maher, Damien; Kim, Jung Ho; Lau, King-Tong


    This paper describes progress in the realization of reliable, relatively low-cost autonomous microfluidic analysers that are capable of monitoring the chemistry of water bodies for significant periods of time (weeks, months) without human intervention. The data generated is transmitted wireless to a remote web server and transferred to a web-database that renders data access location independent. Preliminary results obtained from a ‘matchbox’ scale analyzer are also presented and routes to...

  3. Exploring a New Security Framework for Remote Patient Monitoring Devices

    Brian Ondiege


    Full Text Available Security has been an issue of contention in healthcare. The lack of familiarity and poor implementation of security in healthcare leave the patients’ data vulnerable to attackers. The main issue is assessing how we can provide security in an RPM infrastructure. The findings in literature show there is little empirical evidence on proper implementation of security. Therefore, there is an urgent need in addressing cybersecurity issues in medical devices. Through the review of relevant literature in remote patient monitoring and use of a Microsoft threat modelling tool, we identify and explore current vulnerabilities and threats in IEEE 11073 standard devices to propose a new security framework for remote patient monitoring devices. Additionally, current RPM devices have a limitation on the number of people who can share a single device, therefore, we propose the use of NFC for identification in Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM devices for multi-user environments where we have multiple people sharing a single device to reduce errors associated with incorrect user identification. We finally show how several techniques have been used to build the proposed framework.

  4. 鸡舍环境无线监控系统的设计及实现%Design and implementation of remote monitoring and controlling system in chicken house environment

    郭侠; 沈娣丽; 孟雅俊; 陆程; 明五一


    According to the real and dynamic requirement in chicken house environment and the development of remote monitoring and con-trolling system, a wireless monitoring and controlling system of chicken house environment via Internet is proposed. The system is divided into three parts of the data acquisition client, server and control client. By embedded, wireless transmission, network and database technolo-gy, a remote monitoring and controlling system of chicken house environment, which can be directly run on the tablet PC or smart phone, is realized. The tests show that the error rate in the temperature acquisition and the image transmission average success rate of are about 3%and 95%, respectively. The system is designed to be simple and practical.%针对鸡舍环境实时、动态监控的需求,并结合当前监控系统发展趋势,设计一种基于互联网的无线监控系统。本系统分为数据采集终端、服务器端和客户控制端三大部分,主要采用嵌入式、无线传输、网络通信及数据库等技术,达到能在便携设备(平板电脑、智能手机等)上实现鸡舍环境的无线远程监控。经过测试表明,温度采集误差率在3%以内,图像传输成功率平均在95%左右,系统具有一定的应用价值。

  5. Analysis and Application of Remote Monitoring System of Coal Mine Computer%煤矿中计算机远程综合监控系统应用分析



    the main purpose of this study is the development of the information technology into the mine production, and through the introduction of computer remote monitoring this digital system in the comprehensive management of mine, can effectively real?ize the classification transmission and processing the monitoring to mine data, so as to ensure that the relevant departments to con?trol the range of all coal mine the distribution, video image, inside the mine information as well as the concentration of gas, wind machine off and mechanical electrical equipment such as remote monitoring, centralized monitoring and real-time monitoring, and the occurrence of unexpected events, to take timely emergency measures:to stop operation, personnel evacuation.%该研究主要是将日益发展的信息技术引入到煤矿生产之中,并通过在煤矿综合管理中引入计算机远程综合监控这数字化系统,能够有效的实现将矿井中所监控到的数据进行分级传输与处理,从而保证有关部门对控制范围内的所有煤矿工作人员的分布、视频图像、矿井内部信息以及矿井中的瓦斯浓度、风机的开停与机械设备用电情况等进行远程监控、集中监控与实时监控,进而对发生突发事件时,能够及时采取应急措施:停止作业、人员撤离等.

  6. Research on Remote Video Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web Technology%基于嵌入式Web技术的远程视频监控系统的研究



    重点研究基于ARM平台的嵌入式Linux远程视频监控系统中的视频采集和传输模块.通过在嵌入式视频采集终端建立嵌入式web服务器.使用户在Pc上通过web页面进行视频的监控过程。%Focuses on the ARM platform remote video monitoring system for embedded Linux-based video capture and transmission module, through building Embedded Web server in the embedded video capture terminal, achieves the purpose of video monitoring process on a PC through a Web page.

  7. Design of superhigh pressure gas remote monitoring and control system based on LabVIEW%基于LabVIEW的超高压气体远程测控系统设计

    杨俊卿; 仝继钢; 雷晓峰; 江澎


    该文基于超高压气体设备操作的安全性,结合现代科技,设计出一种基于LabVIEW的超高压气体远程测控系统。该系统克服传统的超高压气体设备控制方法的安全性难以保证、功能实现单一、数据处理简单、远程控制距离有限等缺点,能够实时监测、控制高压气体。有效地解决了现场操作人员的人身安全问题,具有操作简单、实时性好、数据管理方便等特点。%In this paper , based on security superhigh pressure gas equipment operation and com-bined with modern technology , to design a superhigh pressure gas remote monitoring and control system based on LabVIEW.The system overcomes the traditional superhigh pressure gas equipment control method security is difficult to guarantee , functions achieve is single , data processing is simple , remote control distance is limited and other shortcomings , real-time monitoring control high pressure gas .It ef-fective solution to the personal safety of operator on site .Simple, real-time, easy data management ,etc.

  8. On-line internal corrosion monitoring and data management for remote pipelines: a technology update

    Wold, Kjell; Stoen, Roar; Jenssen, Hallgeir [Roxar Flow Measurement AS, Stavanger (Norway); Carvalho, Anna Maria [Roxar do Brasil Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)


    Internal corrosion monitoring of remote pipelines can be costly and demanding on resources. Online and non-intrusive monitoring directly on the pipe wall can improve the quality of measurements, make installation more convenient and allow more efficient communication of data. The purpose of this paper is to describe a non-intrusive technology, and show examples on field installations of the system. Furthermore, the non-intrusive technology data can be stored, interpreted and combined with conventional (intrusive) system information, in order to get a full picture of internal corrosion profile, corrosion rate and trends regarding the pipeline being monitored. (author)

  9. Design and implementation of business management system for crop remote sensing monitoring%农作物遥感监测业务管理系统设计与实现

    郭琳; 王飞; 张寅; 裴志远; 常钧; 唐海


    With continuous extension of crop remote sensing business and the needs for improvement of agricultural production and management of remote sensing monitoring, business operation and management efficiency has increasingly become a prominent issue. Based on systematic analysis and adjustment of the crop remote sensing monitoring business management process, the Crop Remote Sensing Business Management System (CRSBMS) was designed and implemented. By using Geographic Information System (GIS), database and network technology, the scientific database system was designed to improve the service system capacity and the complete business process of crop remote sensing was implemented, including image data storage management, query, task distribution, reporting, audit and archiving. The business tracking management mechanism was established to make crop monitoring business process standardization and to improve the operation and management efficiency. Based on systematic analysis, CRSBMS was designed as a four-part, image library management system: data transmission system, business tracking system and a one-stop portal. Image library management system is for managing the business involved in the procurement and archiving massive remote sensing image data. Data transmission system is for image data sharing and distribution between business organizational unit and business commitment unit. Business tracking system is designed for providing a visual business process tracking process, with real-time project progress intuitive presented. One-stop portal provide users with intuitive project overall briefing, describing the name of the project and their respective business units, the task is completed the case, the image data downloads. CRSBMS was designed using the hybrid structure of the C/S and B/S, in order to meet the system integration, stability, security, and ease of maintenance needs. Database development used Oracle 11g as a unified database platform. Client applications

  10. The NASA Carbon Monitoring System

    Hurtt, G. C.


    Greenhouse gas emission inventories, forest carbon sequestration programs (e.g., Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD and REDD+), cap-and-trade systems, self-reporting programs, and their associated monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) frameworks depend upon data that are accurate, systematic, practical, and transparent. A sustained, observationally-driven carbon monitoring system using remote sensing data has the potential to significantly improve the relevant carbon cycle information base for the U.S. and world. Initiated in 2010, NASA's Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) project is prototyping and conducting pilot studies to evaluate technological approaches and methodologies to meet carbon monitoring and reporting requirements for multiple users and over multiple scales of interest. NASA's approach emphasizes exploitation of the satellite remote sensing resources, computational capabilities, scientific knowledge, airborne science capabilities, and end-to-end system expertise that are major strengths of the NASA Earth Science program. Through user engagement activities, the NASA CMS project is taking specific actions to be responsive to the needs of stakeholders working to improve carbon MRV frameworks. The first phase of NASA CMS projects focused on developing products for U.S. biomass/carbon stocks and global carbon fluxes, and on scoping studies to identify stakeholders and explore other potential carbon products. The second phase built upon these initial efforts, with a large expansion in prototyping activities across a diversity of systems, scales, and regions, including research focused on prototype MRV systems and utilization of COTS technologies. Priorities for the future include: 1) utilizing future satellite sensors, 2) prototyping with commercial off-the-shelf technology, 3) expanding the range of prototyping activities, 4) rigorous evaluation, uncertainty quantification, and error characterization, 5) stakeholder

  11. Aerospace Systems Monitor Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Proposal Title: Aerospace Systems Monitor PHASE 1 Technical Abstract: This Phase II STTR project will continue development and commercialization of the Aerospace...

  12. Application of WiFi Technology in the Remote Monitoring System for Temperature and Humidity%WiFi技术在温湿度远程监测系统中的应用



    针对当前温湿度远程监测布线复杂、采集速度慢等缺点,提出了一种新颖的分布式无线监测系统。系统由DHT11数字式温湿度传感器、单片机STM32F103和WiFi模块等组成。各采集节点利用STM32F103单片机采集温湿度,然后通过WiFi模块和无线路由器把各采集节点的温湿度参数发送到远程服务器上。试验表明,该系统布线简单、采集速度快、应用灵活,可实现范围分布广泛的温湿度集中可视化监控,具有一定的推广使用价值。%Aiming at the disadvantages of current remote monitoring system, e. g. , complex wiring and slow acquisition speed, etc. , a new distributed wireless monitoring system is proposed. The system is composed of DHT11 digital temperature humidity sensor, single chip machine STM32F103 and WiFi module. The temperature and humidity are collected by using STM32F103 single chip machine in each collection node, then, these parameters are transmitted to remote server through WiFi module and wireless router. The experiments show that the system is simple wiring, fast collecting and flexible applying; it can be used in centralized visual monitoring for widely distributed temperature and humidity parameters, and possesses certain values of promotion and application.

  13. Promotion of Agricultural Remote Monitoring System Based on Network Studies%基于网络推广的农产品远程监控系统研究



    Promotion of agricultural remote monitoring system based on network studies from the point of view of consumers, farmers and businesses, combined with the knowledge of network marketing and RMON design studies. Main functions including remote video surveillance system, quality supervision system, security system, and creating a website, blog, Taobao comprehensive web promotion marketing, the establishment of a full range of network system, protect consumers, farmers and businesses common interests.%基于网络推广的农产品远程监控系统从消费者、农民及商家角度出发,结合网络营销推广及远程监控等知识进行设计研究。它包括远程视频监控系统、质监系统、防伪系统等主要功能,并建立网站,采用博客、淘宝等较全面的网络推广方式进行营销推广,建立全方位的网络体系,保障消费者、农民及商家的共同利益。

  14. Using of Remote Sensing Techniques for Monitoring the Earthquakes Activities Along the Northern Part of the Syrian Rift System (LEFT-LATERAL),SYRIA

    Dalati, Moutaz

    Earthquake mitigation can be achieved with a better knowledge of a region's infra-and substructures. High resolution Remote Sensing data can play a significant role to implement Geological mapping and it is essential to learn about the tectonic setting of a region. It is an effective method to identify active faults from different sources of Remote Sensing and compare the capability of some satellite sensors in active faults survey. In this paper, it was discussed a few digital image processing approaches to be used for enhancement and feature extraction related to faults. Those methods include band ratio, filtering and texture statistics . The experimental results show that multi-spectral images have great potentials in large scale active faults investigation. It has also got satisfied results when deal with invisible faults. Active Faults have distinct features in satellite images. Usually, there are obvious straight lines, circular structures and other distinct patterns along the faults locations. Remotely Sensed imagery Landsat ETM and SPOT XS /PAN are often used in active faults mapping. Moderate and high resolution satellite images are the best choice, because in low resolution images, the faults features may not be visible in most cases. The area under study is located Northwest of Syria that is part of one of the very active deformation belt on the Earth today. This area and the western part of Syria are located along the great rift system (Left-Lateral or African- Syrian Rift System). Those areas are tectonically active and caused a lot of seismically events. The AL-Ghab graben complex is situated within this wide area of Cenozoic deformation. The system formed, initially, as a result of the break up of the Arabian plate from the African plate. This action indicates that these sites are active and in a continual movement. In addition to that, the statistic analysis of Thematic Mapper data and the features from a digital elevation model ( DEM )produced from

  15. Radiation monitoring system

    Aghina, Mauricio A.C.; Farias, Marcos S. de; Lacerda, Fabio de; Heimlich, Adino [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)


    Design of a portable low-power multichannel analyzer with wireless connectivity for remote radiation monitoring, powered from a solar panel with a internal battery to be operated in field. The multichannel analyzer is based on a single microcontroller which performs the digital functions and an analog signal processing board for implementing a Gaussian shaper preamplifier, a Gaussian stretcher, sample and hold, pile-up rejector and a 10 bit ADC. Now this design is to be used with a NaI(Ti) scintillator detector. This multichannel analyzer is designed to be a part of radiation monitoring network. All of them are connected, by radio in a radius of 10 kilometers, to a supervisor computer that collects data from the network of multichannel analyzers and numerically display the latest radiation measurements or graphically display measurements over time for all multichannel analyzers. Like: dose rate, spectra and operational status. Software also supports remotely configuring operating parameters (such as radiation alarm level) for each monitor independently. (author)

  16. Remote monitoring of nursing home residents using a humanoid robot.

    Bäck, Iivari; Kallio, Jouko; Perälä, Sami; Mäkelä, Kari


    We studied the feasibility of using a humanoid robot as an assistant in the monitoring of nursing home residents. The robot can receive alarms via its wireless Internet connection and navigate independently to the room where the alarm originated. Once it has entered the room, the robot can transmit near real time images to the staff and also open a voice connection between the resident and the remote caregivers. This way the remote caregiver is able to check the situation in the room, and take appropriate actions. We tested the prototype robot in three private nursing homes in the Finnish county of South Ostrobothnia. During the testing, 2-4 alarms were produced by each participant and there were 29 alarms in total. The robot was able to navigate correctly to the room from which the alarm was sent and open the speech connection, as well as transmit images via the wireless Internet connection. The experiments provided evidence of the feasibility of using autonomous robots as assistants to nursing home staff in remote monitoring. The response from the nursing home residents was uniformly positive.

  17. Remote monitoring using technologies from the Internet and World Wide Web

    Puckett, J.M.; Burczyk, L.


    Recent developments in Internet technologies are changing and enhancing how one processes and exchanges information. These developments include software and hardware in support of multimedia applications on the World Wide Web. In this paper the authors describe these technologies as they have applied them to remote monitoring and show how they will allow the International Atomic Energy Agency to efficiently review and analyze remote monitoring data for verification of material movements. The authors have developed demonstration software that illustrates several safeguards data systems using the resources of the Internet and Web to access and review data. This Web demo allows the user to directly observe sensor data, to analyze simulated safeguards data, and to view simulated on-line inventory data. Future activities include addressing the technical and security issues associated with using the Web to interface with existing and planned monitoring systems at nuclear facilities. Some of these issues are authentication, encryption, transmission of large quantities of data, and data compression.

  18. Research Advances in Monitoring Agro-meteorological Disasters Using Remote Sensing

    Xueyan; SUI; Rujuan; WANG; Huimin; YAO; Meng; WANG; Shaokun; LI; Xiaodong; ZHANG


    Remote sensing is an important method for rapidly obtaining farmland information. Once meteorological disaster occurs,using the remote sensing technology to extract disaster area of crops and monitor disaster level has great significance for evaluating disasters and making a timely remedy. This paper elaborated the importance of monitoring agro-meteorological disasters using remote sensing in current special historical period,overviewed remote sensing methods both at home and abroad,analyzed existing problems,made clear major problems to be solved in monitoring agro-meteorological disasters using remote sensing,and discussed the development prospect of the remote sensing technology.

  19. Research on Remote Monitoring System of Vegetable Greenhouse Environment Based on DSP%基于DSP蔬菜大棚环境远程监测系统的研究



    A remote detection system of greenhouse environment based on DSP and WiFi is designed. It takes TMS320LF2407 as the core control chip and completes the communication based on the WiFi technology,which can realize multi-channel environment monitoring function. The system consists of sensor module,DSP module,WiFi communication module and PC and so on. Through various types of sensors,the collected data is transmitted to the DSP controller for threshold judgment,and monitoring data is transferred to the host ma-chine through WiFi and wireless transmission network. The PC makes timely processing,achieving the purpose of man-machine interac-tion and remote control,successful realization of greenhouse environment remote study on monitoring. The experiment shows that the per-formance of greenhouse environment monitoring system is stable and reliable with accurate data,and has good application value and ex-tension prospects.%设计了一种基于数字信号处理器( DSP )和 WiFi 技术相结合的大棚温室环境远程检测系统。该系统以TMS320LF2407为控制核心芯片,基于WiFi技术进行通信,实现了多路环境监测的功能。系统主要由传感器采集模块、DSP信号处理模块、WiFi通信模块和PC等组成,通过各种类型的传感器将采集到的数据传给DSP控制器进行阈值的判断,并将监测的数据通过WiFi和无线传输网络传送给上位机,由上位机做出及时的处理,实现人机交互远程控制的目的,成功实现大棚环境远程监测的研究。实验结果表明,该大棚环境监测系统性能稳定可靠、数据精确,具有良好的应用价值和推广前景。

  20. 基于VPN的株洲某污水泵站远程监控系统的设计与实现%Design and Realization of Remote Monitoring System in a Zhuzhou Sewage Pumping Station Based on VPN

    唐小琼; 严锦程; 唐亚明


    With an engineering case of a sewage pumping station in zhuzhou, analyzes the system configuration ofthe sewage pumping station and upper computer. Applies virtual private network (VPN) technology to combine PLC industrial control with remote communication for realizing the remote monitoring system. Meanwhile introduces technical characteristics and the definition of VPN, and expounds the key role of overall system structure and VPN on the control system. On-site operation proves the project is feasible.%为顺应系统远程监控的发展趋势,以株洲某污水泵站为背景工程,分析了该泵站和上位机的系统配置,并采用虚拟专用网(VPN)技术,把PLC工业控制和远程通讯结合起来,实现了该远程控制系统。同时介绍了VPN网络的定义及其技术特点,阐述了整个系统的结构及VPN网络在其中的关键作用。现场运行情况证明了该方案具有较强的可行性。

  1. Lighting for remote viewing systems

    Draper, J.V.


    Scenes viewed by television do not provide the same channels of information for judgement of distances as scenes viewed directly, since television eliminates or degrades several depth perception cues. However, it may be possible to improve depth perception of televised scenes by enhancing the information available through depth cues that are available from lighting. A literature survey and expert opinions were integrated to design a remote lighting arrangement which could enhance depth perception of operators performing remote handling operations. This paper describes the lighting arrangement and discusses some of its advantages and disadvantages. 10 references, 2 figures.

  2. Lighting for remote viewing systems

    Draper, J.V.


    Scenes viewed by television do not provide the same channels of information for judgment of distances as scenes viewed directly, since television eliminates or degrades several depth perception cues. However, it may be possible to improve depth perception of televised scenes by enhancing the information available through depth cues that are available from lighting. A literature survey and expert opinions were integrated to design a remote lighting arrangement which could enhance depth perception of operators performing remote handling operations. This paper describes the lighting arrangement and discusses some of its advantages and disadvantages. 10 references, 2 figures.

  3. A national system for monitoring the population of agricultural pests using an integrated approach of remote sensing data from in situ automated traps and satellite images

    Diofantos, Hadjimitsis G.; Panayiotis, Philimis; Elias, Psimolophitis; Georgiou, George K.; Kyriacos, Themistocleous


    A national system for monitoring the population increase of agricultural pest "Lobesia Botrana" (vine moth/fly that attacks grapes) in Cyprus has been developed. The system comprises of automated delta traps with GPS that use wireless(Wi-Fi) camera, automated image analysis for identification of the specific fly species, Wi-Fi technology for transferring the data using mobile telephony network to a central station for result presentation and analysis. A GIS database was developed and included details of the pilot vineyards, environmental conditions and daily data of the number of captured flies from each automated trap. The results were compared with MODIS and LANDSAT satellite thermal images since the appearance of the vine fly is greatly dependent on the microclimate temperatures (degree days). Results showed that satellite data can estimate accurately the appearance of the vine fly. The proposed system can be an important tool for the improvement of a national Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system and it can also be used for monitoring other agricultural pests and insects.

  4. Online Remote Recording and Monitoring of Sensor Data Using DTMF Technology

    Niladri Sekhar TRIPATHY


    Full Text Available Different wireless application platforms are available for remote monitoring and control of systems. In the present paper a system has been described for online remote recording and monitoring of sensor data using DTMF (Dual Tone Multi Frequency technology where acoustic communication has been implemented. One DTMF transceiver in the sensing system has been used to generate and decode the DTMF tone corresponding to the sensor output which in turn is received from the mobile phone in the user side. A separate DTMF decoder has been used in the user side to decode the received DTMF tone corresponding to the sensor output from the sensor side. Microcontroller has been used to store the decoded data from the sensor and to control the whole operation sequentially. Thus online remote recording and monitoring of the sensor data have been possible at any where in the coverage area of the mobile network. Experimental result shows good linearity between data output taken directly from the sensor side and that remotely from user side.

  5. Design of remote real-time monitoring and control system of central air conditioner%中央空调远程实时监控系统的设计



    The situation of remote control system of central air condition is summarized, and an Ethernet transmit scheme based on ATmega128 and Enc28j60 is designed. It transplants the TCP/IP protocol into ATmega128 to implement remote real-time monitoring and control by communicating with remote computer. The structure and functions of the whole system are introduced and the circuit diagrams of each part are given. The program design, the reliability and anti-interference are also described. The application shows that this system runs stably and accurately. The design system has certain practicability and popularization value, with the characteristics of low cost and good expansibility.%概述了现阶段楼宇中央空调远程控制的情况,基于ATmega128与Enc28j60设计了以太网传输方案,通过在ATmega128上移值TCP/IP协议,系统能够与远程电脑通讯,实现了中央空调的远程实时监控。介绍了整个系统的结构及其功能,给出了各个部分的电路框图,并就程序设计、可靠性与抗干扰性做了说明。系统完成后应用于实践工程,运行稳定可靠。该设计系统具有实现方法简单、成本较低、扩展性好等特点,具有一定的实用性和推广价值。

  6. Monitoring Cray Cooling Systems

    Maxwell, Don E [ORNL; Ezell, Matthew A [ORNL; Becklehimer, Jeff [Cray, Inc.; Donovan, Matthew J [ORNL; Layton, Christopher C [ORNL


    While sites generally have systems in place to monitor the health of Cray computers themselves, often the cooling systems are ignored until a computer failure requires investigation into the source of the failure. The Liebert XDP units used to cool the Cray XE/XK models as well as the Cray proprietary cooling system used for the Cray XC30 models provide data useful for health monitoring. Unfortunately, this valuable information is often available only to custom solutions not accessible by a center-wide monitoring system or is simply ignored entirely. In this paper, methods and tools used to harvest the monitoring data available are discussed, and the implementation needed to integrate the data into a center-wide monitoring system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is provided.

  7. 煤矿井下变电所远程监测监控系统改造应用%Transformation and application of coal mine substation remote monitoring and control system



      Remote monitoring and control systems used in coal mines substations, in high voltage power supply systems,can real-time realized process measurement, control and monitor,and continuously monitor power system operating parameters,and timely detect failures, and helpful to prevent expanding accidents and shorten the outage time, a reasonable allocation of power, improve the quality of the electric operation, reduce electricity expenses, realize the unattended substation.%  远程监测监控系统,适用于煤矿井上、下变电所高压供电系统中实时过程测量、控制及监视、实现连续监测电力系统运行参数、及时发现故障、有助于防止事故扩大和缩短停电时间、合理调配电力,提高电网运行质量、减轻电费支出,实现变电所的无人值守。

  8. Safety system status monitoring

    Lewis, J.R.; Morgenstern, M.H.; Rideout, T.H.; Cowley, P.J.


    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide.

  9. Monitored Geologic Repository Operations Monitoring and Control System Description Document

    E.F. Loros


    The Monitored Geologic Repository Operations Monitoring and Control System provides supervisory control, monitoring, and selected remote control of primary and secondary repository operations. Primary repository operations consist of both surface and subsurface activities relating to high-level waste receipt, preparation, and emplacement. Secondary repository operations consist of support operations for waste handling and treatment, utilities, subsurface construction, and other selected ancillary activities. Remote control of the subsurface emplacement operations, as well as, repository performance confirmation operations are the direct responsibility of the system. In addition, the system monitors parameters such as radiological data, air quality data, fire detection status, meteorological conditions, unauthorized access, and abnormal operating conditions, to ensure a safe workplace for personnel. Parameters are displayed in a real-time manner to human operators regarding surface and subsurface conditions. The system performs supervisory monitoring and control for both important to safety and non-safety systems. The system provides repository operational information, alarm capability, and human operator response messages during emergency response situations. The system also includes logic control to place equipment, systems, and utilities in a safe operational mode or complete shutdown during emergency response situations. The system initiates alarms and provides operational data to enable appropriate actions at the local level in support of emergency response, radiological protection response, evacuation, and underground rescue. The system provides data communications, data processing, managerial reports, data storage, and data analysis. This system's primary surface and subsurface operator consoles, for both supervisory and remote control activities, will be located in a Central Control Center (CCC) inside one of the surface facility buildings. The system

  10. Agricultural biomass monitoring on watersheds based on remotely sensed data.

    Tamás, János; Nagy, Attila; Fehér, János


    There is a close quality relationship between the harmful levels of all three drought indicator groups (meteorological, hydrological and agricultural). However, the numerical scale of the relationships between them is unclear and the conversion of indicators is unsolved. Different areas or an area with different forms of drought cannot be compared. For example, from the evaluation of meteorological drought using the standardized precipitation index (SPI) values of a river basin, it cannot be stated how many tonnes of maize will be lost during a given drought period. A reliable estimated rate of yield loss would be very important information for the planned interventions (i.e. by farmers or river basin management organisations) in terms of time and cost. The aim of our research project was to develop a process which could provide information for estimating relevant drought indexes and drought related yield losses more effectively from remotely sensed spectral data and to determine the congruency of data derived from spectral data and from field measurements. The paper discusses a new calculation method, which provides early information on physical implementation of drought risk levels. The elaborated method provides improvement in setting up a complex drought monitoring system, which could assist hydrologists, meteorologists and farmers to predict and more precisely quantify the yield loss and the role of vegetation in the hydrological cycle. The results also allow the conversion of different-purpose drought indices, such as meteorological, agricultural and hydrological ones, as well as allow more water-saving agricultural land use alternatives to be planned in the river basins.

  11. Remote and Centralized Monitoring of PV Power Plants

    Kopacz, Csaba; Spataru, Sergiu; Sera, Dezso


    the inverters within each PV plant. The monitoring software stores the PV measurements in a data warehouse optimized for managing and data mining large amounts of data, from where it can be later visualized, analyzed and exported. By combining PV production measurements data with I-V curve measurements......This paper presents the concept and operating principles of a low-cost and flexible monitoring system for PV plants. Compared to classical solutions which can require dedicated hardware and/or specialized data logging systems, the monitoring system we propose allows parallel monitoring of PV plants...

  12. Design and implementation of remote electronic fetal monitoring software system%远程胎儿电子监护软件系统的设计与实现

    李锟; 张松; 杨益民; 赵鹏飞; 何东之; 杨琳; 狄志鹏


    目的:针对当前胎儿电子监护(EFM)中诊断主观性强、检测不便捷及检测时程短的问题,设计一种远程胎心监护软件系统。方法:从基本要素和需求分析入手,选择基于心电方式的胎儿和(或)母体心率记录仪作为采集设备,其他硬件要素包括孕妇手持智能设备、服务器及中央监护站;以ython为主编程语言,MySql为数据库,以蓝牙方式进行记录仪与手持设备间的通讯,以HTTP/TCP方式进行远程数据的传输,以模型-视图-控制器(MVC)框架模式组织代码,并在此基础上进行功能实现及测试完善。结果:完成以孕妇监测客户端软件、服务器软件及中央监护站监护软件3部分为主体的系统构建,结合基于心电的胎儿和(或)母体心率记录仪,可以实现20 h的远程实时监护、心率报警及生理参数分析。结论:满足病房-护士站系统或家庭-医院系统场景的胎心监护需求,为临床诊断提供更为客观的依据。%Objective:There are some defects in current electronic fetal monitoring (EFM), such as strong subjectivity in the diagnosis, inconvenience in detecting and lack of detection time. Methods: The fetal/Maternal heart rate monitor based on ECG was selected as data acquisition equipment, and other hardware elements include smart handheld devices, servers and central monitoring station. Python was the programming language, MySql was the database, bluetooth was the connection between the monitor and the handheld devices, HTTP/TCP was the remote data transmission mode, and MVC (Model View Controller) framework was used to organize code, in order to achieve function implementation and test completion.Results: Here a kind of remote fetal monitoring software system was proposed, including pregnant monitoring client, server software and central monitoring station software. Using the fetal/maternal heart rate recorder which is based on ECG, the system could

  13. Long Term Remote Monitoring of TCE Contaminated Groundwater at Savannah River Site

    Duran, C.; Gudavalli, R.; Lagos, L.; Tansel, B.; Varona, J.; Allen, M.


    The purpose of this study was to develop a mobile self powered remote monitoring system enhanced for field deployment at Savannah River Site (SRS). The system used a localized power source with solar recharging and has wireless data collection, analysis, transmission, and data management capabilities. The prototype was equipped with a Hydrolab's DataSonde 4a multi-sensor array package managed by a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system, with an adequate pumping capacity of water samples for sampling and analysis of Trichloroethylene (TCE) in contaminated groundwater wells at SRS. This paper focuses on a study and technology development efforts conducted at the Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) at Florida International University (FIU) to automate the sampling of contaminated wells with a multi-sensor array package developed using COTS (Commercial Off The shelf) parts. Bladder pumps will pump water from different wells to the sensors array, water quality TCE indicator parameters are measured (i.e. pH, redox, ORP, DO, NO3 -, Cl-). In order to increase user access and data management, the system was designed to be accessible over the Internet. Remote users can take sample readings and collect data remotely over a web. Results obtained at Florida International University in-house testing and at a field deployment at the Savannah River Site indicate that this long term monitoring technique can be a feasible solution for the sampling of TCE indicator parameters at remote contaminated sites.

  14. 基于C/S模式的轮胎胶囊硫化机远程监控系统设计%Remote monitoring system for tyre capsule vulcanizer based on C/S

    苗岱江; 邢建国; 张华


    Tyre capsule vulcanizer remote monitoring system which based on C/S mode is developed by using the VC++6.0 as programming method in the Windows environment by the TCP/IP communication protocol. In this paper, client / server mode and the tyre capsule vulcanizing process are introduced, realization method of key technologies such as network communication and remote database are presented. The application indicated that the system is good at real time and works safely, and has widely used in the future.%在Windows环境下采用Visual C++ 6.0开发工具,遵循TCP/IP网络通信协议,开发了基于C/S模式的轮胎胶囊硫化机的远程监控系统.对客户端/服务器模式、胶囊硫化机的工作过程进行了介绍,对网络通信和远程数据库等关健技术给出了实现方法.运行结果表明,该系统具有良好的实时性和安全性,具有较强的实际应用价值.

  15. Design of Remote Monitoring System for Abrasive Electrochemical Multi-wire Sawing Silicon Ingot into Solar Wafers%太阳能硅片电解磨削多线切割远程监控系统的设计

    张霞; 汪炜; 鲍官培; 章恺


    为满足太阳能硅片大规模生产的精益化管理需求,针对太阳能硅片电解磨削多线切割工艺特点,设计了一种以C/S为主、B/S为辅的混合式软件架构远程监控系统。采用Visual C#编程实现上、下位机的数据通讯,开发基于工业以太网的车间现场监控模块,通过PHP和MySQL开发基于web的数据查询模块。经长时间试验运行,该系统能实现电解磨削多线切割设备工作状态及加工参数的远程实时监控,稳定可靠,具有重要的工程应用价值。%To meet the demands of lean management for mass production of solar wafers ,a remote monitoring system based on B/S and C/S architectures is designed according to the process characteristics of abrasive electrochemical multi-wire sawing. On the basis of the communication protocols,the monitoring module between master and slave computer is realized by using Visual C#, and the web-based information inquiry module is developed by using PHP and MySQL. It is demonstrated that the working status and machining parameters can be stably and reliably remote monitored with it in long run test,which has significant engineering application prospects.

  16. Design of Remote Farmland Monitoring System Based on IOT Technology%基于物联网技术的远程农田监控系统设计

    李雪刚; 黄梦醒; 朱东海


    针对嵌入式网关的无线网络接入成本以及流量负荷过高的问题,设计一种基于物联网技术的远程农田信息监控系统.将无线传感器网络作为采集系统,采用ARM11的嵌入式网关、嵌入式数据库和嵌入式服务器,利用3G无线网络接入技术,开发智能手机客户端,进行远程控制、数据访问和可视化.分析结果表明,该系统可对农田信息进行有效监控,适合现代农业发展的需要.%A remote farmland monitoring system based on Internet of Things(IOT) technology is designed to solve the high-price of the Internet access and high flow load of the remote data-center. The system adopts Wireless Sensor Network(WSN) to collect the environmental information and the embedded gateway based on ARM11, which accesses to the Internet using the 3G technology. Meanwhile a mobile client is developed for user to view the information and control the devices. Analysis results show that the system can effectively monitor and control the farmland information, and be suitable for the needs of modern agricultural development.

  17. Remote intelligent monitoring system based on TC35 and nRF24L01%基才TC35和nRF24L01的远程智能监控系统设计

    席婷; 金燕华; 曹勇


    A self-designed remote intelligent monitoring system is designed using GPRS Module TC35 and RF modules nRF24L01 to achieve the volume of remote monitoring and control of the collection, data transmission, data processing, management and control. In this paper, main structure of system, principle of design, hardware circuit, and the software design. Through testing, this system has high feasibility, versatility, scalability, and cost-effective.%文中自主设计了一种基于GPRS模块TC35和无线射频模块nRF24L01的远程智能监控系统,实现了对远程监测量的采集与监控.数据传输处理和管理控制。系统运用单片机组成数据监控系统,结合无线射频模块nRF24L01,通过GSM网络以短信的形式完成远程数据的传输和系统的远程控制。重点介绍了系统的框架结构与设计原理,以及硬件电路与源程序设计。本系统具有较高的扩屁性以及性价比,适用于各种环境监测的嵌入式应用。

  18. Variable acuity remote viewing system flight demonstration

    Fisher, R. W.


    The Variable Acuity Remote Viewing System (VARVS), originally developed under contract to the Navy (ONR) as a laboratory brassboard, was modified for flight demonstration. The VARVS system was originally conceived as a technique which could circumvent the acuity/field of view/bandwidth tradeoffs that exists in remote viewing to provide a nearly eye limited display in both field of view (160 deg) and resolution (2 min arc) while utilizing conventional TV sensing, transmission, and display equipment. The modifications for flight demonstration consisted of modifying the sensor so it could be installed and flow in a Piper PA20 aircraft, equipped for remote control and modifying the display equipment so it could be integrated with the NASA Research RPB (RPRV) remote control cockpit.

  19. Remote inspection system for hazardous sites

    Redd, J.; Borst, C.; Volz, R.A.; Everett, L.J. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Computer Science Dept.


    Long term storage of special nuclear materials poses a number of problems. One of these is a need to inspect the items being stored from time to time. Yet the environment is hostile to man, with significant radiation exposure resulting from prolonged presence in the storage facility. This paper describes research to provide a remote inspection capability, which could lead to eliminating the need for humans to enter a nuclear storage facility. While there are many ways in which an RI system might be created, this paper describes the development of a prototype remote inspection system, which utilizes virtual reality technology along with robotics. The purpose of this system is to allow the operator to establish a safe and realistic telepresence in a remote environment. In addition, it was desired that the user interface for the system be as intuitive to use as possible, thus eliminating the need for extensive training. The goal of this system is to provide a robotic platform with two cameras, which are capable of providing accurate and reliable stereographic images of the remote environment. One application for the system is that it might be driven down the corridors of a nuclear storage facility and utilized to inspect the drums inside, all without the need for physical human presence. Thus, it is not a true virtual reality system providing simulated graphics, but rather an augmented reality system, which performs remote inspection of an existing, real environment.

  20. Expert operator preferences in remote manipulator control systems

    Sundstrom, E. [Human Machine Interfaces, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Draper, J.V. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fausz, A.; Woods, H. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)


    This report describes a survey of expert remote manipulator operators designed to identify features of control systems related to operator efficiency and comfort. It provides information for designing the control center for the Single-Shell Tank Waste Retrieval Manipulator System (TWRMS) Test Bed, described in a separate report. Research questions concerned preferred modes of control, optimum work sessions, sources of operator fatigue, importance of control system design features, and desired changes in control rooms. Participants comprised four expert remote manipulator operators at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, who individually have from 9 to 20 years of experience using teleoperators. The operators had all used rate and position control, and all preferred bilateral (force-reflecting) position control. They reported spending an average of 2.75 h in control of a teleoperator system during a typical shift. All were accustomed to working in a crew of two and alternating control and support roles in 2-h rotations in an 8-h shift. Operators reported that fatigue in using remote manipulator systems came mainly from watching TV monitors and making repetitive motions. Three of four experienced symptoms, including headaches and sore eyes, wrists, and back. Of 17 features of control rooms rated on importance, highest ratings went to comfort and support provided by the operator chair, location of controls, location of video monitors, video image clarity, types of controls, and control modes. When asked what they wanted to change, operators said work stations designed for comfort; simpler, lighter hand-controls; separate controls for each camera; better placement of remote camera; color monitors; and control room layouts that support crew interaction. Results of this small survey reinforced the importance of ergonomic factors in remote manipulation.

  1. Aerospace Systems Monitor Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Phase I STTR project will demonstrate the Aerospace System Monitor (ASM). This technology transforms the power distribution network in a spacecraft or aircraft...

  2. 基于GS M与AR M的船用设备远程监控系统%Remote Monitoring and Control System for Shipborne Equipment Based on GSM and ARM

    刘子晗; 李维嘉


    Based on the mature communication technology of GSM,the remote monitoring and control system for shipborne equipment uses relevant communication modules combined with the ARM processor and the pro-gramming software MDK to achieve collection,packaging and sending of the operating parameters and fault messa-ges of the shipborne equipment.The information processing and monitoring interfaces programmed by VC++en-able the monitoring personnel to master the operating parameters and faults of the equipment based on the indicator lights and prompt messages on the screen thus improving the level of intelligent ship management.%基于全球移动通信系统GSM的成熟通信技术,采用相关通信模块与ARM处理器相配合,使用MDK软件进行程序编写,完成了船用设备工作参数与故障信息的收集、打包以及发送工作.基于VC++语言所编写的信息处理与监控界面,使监控人员可以通过屏幕上的指示灯和提示信息,对设备的工作参数、故障问题加以掌控,提高了船舶智能化管理的水平.

  3. Present status of the TJ-II remote participation system

    Vega, J. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion., Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)]. E-mail:; Sanchez, E. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion., Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Lopez, A. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion., Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Portas, A. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion., Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Ochando, M. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion., Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Ascasibar, E. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion., Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Mollinedo, A. [CIEMAT. Computing Center, Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Munoz, J. [CIEMAT. Computing Center, Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Sanchez, A. [CIEMAT. Computing Center, Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Ruiz, M. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. Dpto. Sistemas Electronicos y de Control, Campus Sur. Ctra. Valencia, km 7, 28031 Madrid (Spain); Barrera, E. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. Dpto. Sistemas Electronicos y de Control, Campus Sur. Ctra. Valencia, km 7, 28031 Madrid (Spain); Lopez, S. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. Dpto. Sistemas Electronicos y de Control, Campus Sur. Ctra. Valencia, km 7, 28031 Madrid (Spain); Castro, R. [, Edificio Bronce, Plaza Manuel Gomez Moreno, s/n, 28020 Madrid (Spain); Lopez, D. [, Edificio Bronce, Plaza Manuel Gomez Moreno, s/n, 28020 Madrid (Spain)


    The TJ-II remote participation system (RPS) was designed to extend to Internet the working capabilities provided in the TJ-II local environment, i.e., tracking the TJ-II operation, monitoring/programming data acquisition and control systems, and accessing databases. The TJ-II RPS was based on web and Java technologies because of their open character, security properties and technological maturity. A web server acts as a communication front-end between remote participants and local TJ-II elements. From the server side, web services are provided by means of resources supplied by JSP pages. The client part makes use of web browsers and ad hoc Java applications. The operation requires the use of a distributed authentication and authorization system. This development employs the PAPI System. At present, approximately 1000 digitisation channels can be managed from the TJ-II RPS. Furthermore, processing software based on a 4GL language (LabView) can be downloaded to multiprocessor data acquisition systems. Also, 15 diagnostic control systems, databases and the operation logbook are available from the RPS. The system even allows for the physicist in charge of operation to be in a remote location. Four Spanish universities make use of the TJ-II remote participation system capabilities for joint collaborations: these are the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia (UNED), Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) and Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna (UPC)

  4. [Remote passive sensing of aeroengine exhausts using FTIR system].

    Xia, Qing; Zuo, Hong-Fu; Li, Shao-Cheng; Wen, Zhen-Hua; Li, Yao-Hua


    The traditional method of measuring the aeroengine exhausts is intrusive gas sampling analysis techniques. The disadvantages of the techniques include complex system, difficult operation, high costs and potential danger because of back-pressure effects. The non-intrusive methods have the potential to overcome these problems. So the remote FTIR passive sensing is applied to monitor aeroengine exhausts and determine the concentration of the exhausts gases of aeroengines. The principle of FTIR remote passive sensing is discussed. The model algorithm for the calibration of FTIR system, the radiance power distribution and gas concentration are introduced. TENSOR27 FTIR-system was used to measure the spectra of infrared radiation emitted by the hot gases of exhausts in a test rig. The emission spectra of exhausts were obtained under different thrusts. By analyzing the spectra, the concentrations of CO2, CO and NO concentration were calculated under 4 thrusts. Researches on the determination of concentration of the exhausts gases of aeroengines by using the remote FTIR sensing are still in early stage in the domestic aeronautics field. The results of the spectra and concentration in the aeroengine test are published for the first time. It is shown that the remote FTIR passive sensing techniques have a great future in monitoring the hot gas of the aeroengines exhausts.

  5. Copilot: Monitoring Embedded Systems

    Pike, Lee; Wegmann, Nis; Niller, Sebastian; Goodloe, Alwyn


    Runtime verification (RV) is a natural fit for ultra-critical systems, where correctness is imperative. In ultra-critical systems, even if the software is fault-free, because of the inherent unreliability of commodity hardware and the adversity of operational environments, processing units (and their hosted software) are replicated, and fault-tolerant algorithms are used to compare the outputs. We investigate both software monitoring in distributed fault-tolerant systems, as well as implementing fault-tolerance mechanisms using RV techniques. We describe the Copilot language and compiler, specifically designed for generating monitors for distributed, hard real-time systems. We also describe two case-studies in which we generated Copilot monitors in avionics systems.

  6. 基于太阳能充电的无线远程监控氯气泄漏系统%Wireless Remote Monitor System of Detecting the Leaking of Chlorine Gas Based on Solar Energy Charging

    王金辉; 周巧娣; 徐勤利; 蒋科学; 陈文华


    根据工业用氯气的量大以及罐体存储的需求,选用基于GSM的远程监控系统对氯气泄漏进行检测.用太阳能电池板实现白天对系统供电以及对锂电池充电,夜晚完全由锂电池对供电.系统微控制器选用MSP430,以达到超低功耗的功能.对于氯气泄漏的信号采集使用CL2-A1电化学式氯气传感器,实现到对泄漏氯气快速检测做出反应的效果.该设计具有适用范围广,通用性强,能现场以及远程报警等优点.%Based on the large amount of chlorine for industrial use and storage of tank requirements, GSM-based remote monitoring system is selected to detect chlorine leaks. During the day the system uses solar panels as the system power supply and battery charger, but lithium-powered by night. In order to achieve ultra-low power consumption features, system uses ultra-low power microcontroller's MSP430. For acquisition of chlorine leakage signal, CL2 - Al Electrochemical chlorine sensor is used in the design, in order to achieve a rapid detection of chlorine leak response effect. The design has advantages of wide range of application, versatility, and can site and remote alarm.

  7. Remote Configuration Monitoring of Autonomous Information Processing Machine on LAN.

    Hema Thomas


    Full Text Available Remote Information Configuration is advanced software for capturing automatically the configuration of Computers available in the LAN. The software will collect all the configuration of computers in the network and store the information in the Data Base. The configuration such as the Processor, Memory such as RAM and Hard Disk, System Software and Application software installed will be captured from remote and stored in the Data Base with the timestamp. Any change in the configuration will be captured on time to time basis and updated; this will bring in a change management control of the components. Provision for manual recording of owner of the computer asset and location details will be provided for Asset Management. This module will also include the process of allotment of asset, removal of asset, re-allotment of asset, new asset request management, asset procurement planning.

  8. The Remote Computer Control (RCC) system

    Holmes, W.


    A system to remotely control job flow on a host computer from any touchtone telephone is briefly described. Using this system a computer programmer can submit jobs to a host computer from any touchtone telephone. In addition the system can be instructed by the user to call back when a job is finished. Because of this system every touchtone telephone becomes a conversant computer peripheral. This system known as the Remote Computer Control (RCC) system utilizes touchtone input, touchtone output, voice input, and voice output. The RCC system is microprocessor based and is currently using the INTEL 80/30microcomputer. Using the RCC system a user can submit, cancel, and check the status of jobs on a host computer. The RCC system peripherals consist of a CRT for operator control, a printer for logging all activity, mass storage for the storage of user parameters, and a PROM card for program storage.

  9. Building Integrated Remote Control Systems for Electronics Boards

    Jacobsson, R


    This paper addresses several aspects of implementing a remote control system for a large number of electronics boards in order to perform remote Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) programming, hardware configuration, data register access, and monitoring, as well as interfacing it to an expert system. The paper presents a common strategy for the representation of the boards in the abstraction layer of the control system, and generic communication protocols for the access to the board resources. In addition, an implementation is proposed in which the mapping between the functional parameters and the physical registers of the different boards is represented by descriptors in the board representation such that the translation can be handled automatically by a generic translation manager. Using the Distributed Information Management (DIM) package for the control communication with the boards, and the industry SCADA system PVSS II from ETM, a complete control system has been built for the Timing and Fast Control ...

  10. Building Integrated Remote Control Systems for Electronic Boards

    Jacobsson, Richard


    This paper addresses several aspects of implementing a remote control system for a large number of electronics boards in order to perform remote Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) programming, hardware configuration, data register access, and monitoring, as well as interfacing it to a configuration database and an expert system. The paper presents a common strategy for the representation of the boards in the abstraction layer of the control system, and generic communication protocols for the access to the board resources. In addition, an implementation is proposed in which the mapping between the functional parameters and the physical registers of the different boards is represented by descriptors in the board representation such that the translation can be handled automatically by a generic translation manager. Using the Distributed Information Management (DIM) package for the control communication with the boards, and the industry SCADA system PVSS II from ETM, a complete control system has been built for...

  11. Design on remote monitoring and control system for greenhouse group based on ZigBee and internet%基于ZigBee和Internet的温室群环境远程监控系统设计

    张猛; 房俊龙; 韩雨


      针对当前国内温室群环境智能测控研究现状以及黑龙江省寒地日光温室建设实际,研发了一种基于ZigBee和 Internet 的温室群环境远程监控系统。该系统由数个独立温室监控系统组成,各独立温室监控服务器将数据汇总至总服务器,由总服务器提供远程监控接入管理服务。各独立温室监控系统传感网部分基于ZigBee网络设计,通信模块采用TI公司新一代片上系统CC2530,ZigBee网络通过RS232-RJ45协议转换器接入局域网。软件算法设计参考了大系统理论,对温室环境因子进行综合调控。通过日光温室实地试验,测试了ZigBee网络通讯稳定性,通讯丢包率控制在4.9%以内,远程监控系统稳定,满足了工程设计需要。%Wireless technologies have developed rapidly in recent years. Types of wireless technologies range from IrDA that uses infrared light for short-range, point-to-point communications, to wireless personal area network for short range, point-to multi-point communications, such as Bluetooth and ZigBee, to mid-range, multi-hop wireless local area network, to long-distance cellular phone systems, such as GSM/GPRS and CDMA. In this paper, focusing on the domestic research of intelligent control system for greenhouse group and the greenhouse construction of Heilongjiang province, a new type remote monitoring and control system for greenhouse group based on ZigBee and Internet was developed. The group control system was composed of some separate monitoring systems. The data of the separate monitoring servers were sent to master server and connected to remote administration system with master server. The sensor network of the separate monitoring system was based on ZigBee nodes. The monitor nodes were composed by two parts:The communication module and sensor module. The MCU of the communication module was adopted CC2530 of Texas Instruments. The flash memory, which is important to

  12. Remote handling systems for the Pride application



    In this paper is described the development of remote handling systems for use in the pyro processing technology development. Remote handling systems mainly include a BDSM (Bridge transported Dual arm Servo-Manipulator) and a simulator, all of which will be applied to the Pride (Pyro process integrated inactive demonstration facility) that is under construction at KAERI. BDMS that will traverse the length of the ceiling is designed to have two pairs of master-slave manipulators of which each pair of master-slave manipulators has a kinematic similarity and a force reflection. A simulator is also designed to provide an efficient means for simulating and verifying the conceptual design, developments, arrangements, and rehearsal of the pyro processing equipment and relevant devices from the viewpoint of remote operation and maintenance. In our research is presented activities and progress made in developing remote handling systems to be used for the remote operation and maintenance of the pyro processing equipment and relevant devices in the Pride. (Author)

  13. Use of radiation detectors in remote monitoring for containment and surveillance

    Dupree, S.A.; Ross, M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bonino, A. [Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Argentina, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Lucero, R.; Hasimoto, Yu [PNC Oarai Engineering Center, Ibaraki (Japan)


    Radiation detectors have been included in several remote monitoring field trial systems to date. The present study considers detectors at Embalse, Argentina, and Oarai, Japan. At Embalse four gamma detectors have been operating in the instrumentation tubes of spent fuel storage silos for up to three years. Except for minor fluctuations, three of the detectors have operated normally. One of the detectors appears never to have operated correctly. At Oarai two gamma detectors have been monitoring a spent-fuel transfer hatch for over 18 months. These detectors have operated normally throughout the period, although one shows occasional noise spikes.

  14. MEMS acceleration sensor with remote optical readout for continuous power generator monitoring

    Tormen Maurizio


    Full Text Available Miniaturized accelerometers with remote optical readout are required devices for the continuous monitoring of vibrations inside power generators. In turbo and hydro generators, end-winding vibrations are present during operation causing in the long term undesirable out-of-service repairs. Continuous monitoring of these vibrations is therefore mandatory. The high electromagnetic fields in the generators impose the use of devices immune to electromagnetic interferences. In this paper a MEMS based accelerometer with remote optical readout is presented. Advantages of the proposed device are the use of a differential optical signal to reject the common mode signal and noise, the reduced number of steps for the MEMS chip fabrication and for the system assembly, and the reduced package volume.

  15. Remote powering and data communication for implanted biomedical systems

    Kilinc, Enver Gurhan; Maloberti, Franco


    This book describes new circuits and systems for implantable biomedical applications and explains the design of a batteryless, remotely-powered implantable micro-system, designed for long-term patient monitoring.  Following new trends in implantable biomedical applications, the authors demonstrate a system which is capable of efficient, remote powering and reliable data communication.  Novel architecture and design methodologies are used to transfer power with a low-power, optimized inductive link and data is transmitted by a reliable communication link.  Additionally, an electro-mechanical solution is presented for tracking and monitoring the implantable system, while the patient is mobile.  ·         Describes practical example of an implantable batteryless biomedical system; ·         Analyzes and compares various energy harvesting and power transfer methods; ·         Describes design of remote powering link and data communication of the implantable system, comparing differe...

  16. Developing a Remote Monitoring System for Library Computer Room Using Arduino and Android Terminal%利用Arduino及Android终端的图书馆机房远程监控系统研发



    介绍采用开源Arduino和Android智能终端构建的图书馆机房远程监控系统,对系统功能模块、硬件组成、软件设计进行描述。系统以ArduinoADK作为控制板,完成机房温度、湿度、烟感、动力等信息的采集,Android终端完成Web服务运行状况监测、传感器数据收集、临时存储及实时显示,相关数据上传到Yeelink云计算平台进行长期存储或在线监测,系统具有部署方便、成本低、可靠性高、扩展性强等优点。%This paper introduces a remote monitoring system for library computer room using Arduino and Android smart terminal. The system modules, hardware and software design are described in detail. Arduino ADK is used as a control panel to complete the information acquisition of temperature, humidity, smoke and power. Android smart terminal is used to monitor the Web services, store and display the sensors temporary data. Related information is also uploaded to Yeelink cloud computing platform for long - term storage or online monitoring. The whole system has the advantages of convenient deployment, low cost, high reliability and high scalability.

  17. Monitoring desertification around Huolinguole using multitemporal remotely sensed imagery

    Wang, Guangjun; Fu, Meichen; Xiao, Qiuping; Wang, Zeng


    Because of the capability of remote sensing to acquire synoptic coverage and repetitive data acquisition it has become a widely used technique for monitoring the effects of human activity on terrestrial ecosystems. This paper presents the spatial extent, magnitude and temporal behavior of land desertification around Holinguole caused by city expansion. The selected test area, Huoliguole City, is a typical grassland city in China that is located in the northeast of China. A time-series of Landsat TM images covering a period of 20 years (1987-2006) were used. The data sets were geometrically and radiometrically pre-processed in a rigorous fashion, followed by a linear spectral mixture unmixing model to extract feature images of vegetation and sandy soil. The biomass images were derived using a polynomial regression model based on the ground-based observations of the amount of grass and a vegetation index based on satellite remote sensing. By combing the vegetation fraction images, the sandy soil fraction images, biomass images, and PC (principal components) images, the grassland desertification information around the built-up area of the city was extracted based on BP (Back-Propagation) neural network algorithm. The results of our studies indicate significant expansion of the city over the last 20 years, and a similar trend was also observed in the temporal magnitude behavior of severe grassland desertification away from the city.

  18. Secure Authentication for Remote Patient Monitoring with Wireless Medical Sensor Networks.

    Hayajneh, Thaier; Mohd, Bassam J; Imran, Muhammad; Almashaqbeh, Ghada; Vasilakos, Athanasios V


    There is broad consensus that remote health monitoring will benefit all stakeholders in the healthcare system and that it has the potential to save billions of dollars. Among the major concerns that are preventing the patients from widely adopting this technology are data privacy and security. Wireless Medical Sensor Networks (MSNs) are the building blocks for remote health monitoring systems. This paper helps to identify the most challenging security issues in the existing authentication protocols for remote patient monitoring and presents a lightweight public-key-based authentication protocol for MSNs. In MSNs, the nodes are classified into sensors that report measurements about the human body and actuators that receive commands from the medical staff and perform actions. Authenticating these commands is a critical security issue, as any alteration may lead to serious consequences. The proposed protocol is based on the Rabin authentication algorithm, which is modified in this paper to improve its signature signing process, making it suitable for delay-sensitive MSN applications. To prove the efficiency of the Rabin algorithm, we implemented the algorithm with different hardware settings using Tmote Sky motes and also programmed the algorithm on an FPGA to evaluate its design and performance. Furthermore, the proposed protocol is implemented and tested using the MIRACL (Multiprecision Integer and Rational Arithmetic C/C++) library. The results show that secure, direct, instant and authenticated commands can be delivered from the medical staff to the MSN nodes.

  19. Integrating remote sensing data from multiple optical sensors for ecological and crop condition monitoring

    Ecological and crop condition monitoring requires high temporal and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Due to technical limitations and budget constraints, remote sensing instruments trade spatial resolution for swath width. As a result, it is difficult to acquire remotely sensed data with both...

  20. A remote reactor monitoring with plastic scintillation detector

    Georgadze, A Sh; Ponkratenko, O A; Litvinov, D A


    Conceiving the possibility of using plastic scintillator bars as robust detectors for antineutrino detection for the remote reactor monitoring and nuclear safeguard application we study expected basic performance by Monte Carlo simulation. We present preliminary results for a 1 m3 highly segmented detector made of 100 rectangular scintillation bars forming an array which is sandwiched at both sides by the continuous light guides enabling light sharing between all photo detectors. Light detection efficiency is calculated for several light collection configurations, considering different scintillation block geometries and number of photo-detectors. The photo-detectors signals are forming the specific hit pattern, which is characterizing the impinging particle. The statistical analysis of hit patterns allows effectively select antineutrino events and rejects backgrounds. To evaluate detector sensitivity to fuel isotopic composition evolution during fuel burning cycle we have calculated antineutrino spectra. The ...

  1. 谷物联合收割机远程测产系统开发及降噪试验%Development and denoising test of grain combine with remote yield monitoring system

    李新成; 李民赞; 王锡九; 郑立华; 张漫; 孙茂真; 孙红


    为降低田间振动干扰对谷物产量检测精度的影响,同时增加测产系统的实用性,设计了一种基于 CAN总线技术、无线通信技术以及计算机网络技术的新型谷物智能测产系统。系统包括车载子系统和远程监测子系统2个部分,实现了谷物产量的现场监测、产量图绘制、远程监控与收获作业管理等功能。车载部分设计了弧形冲量传感器,提出了机械减振和双板差分方法来降低收割机振动对谷物流量测量的影响,采用数字阈值滤波的方法来提高谷物产量的测量精度,并建立了总产量和单位面积产量的数学模型。田间动态试验结果表明双板回归差分方式滤除干扰的效果优于直接差分,其最大测产误差为8.03%,测产平均误差为3.27%,最大测产误差比直接差分方式降低了7.12个百分点,最后绘制了试验地块的产量分布图。另外,系统的远程监控部分开发了界面友好的收获作业管理系统,实现了谷物产量的远程监测与管理。系统总体运行性能良好,满足了测产需要。%Since grain yield in farmland has spatial variability, and the size of production can reflect the growth and management situation of grain, it is necessary to obtain accurate information on spatial distribution of production for implementing precision agriculture. However, it is still lacking of yield monitoring systems that are suitable for grain combine harvester and field conditions in China. The current developed systems in China mostly cannot reduce the vibration from the harvester, and tend to produce a large error in dynamic measurement of production. Therefore, in this study, a new type of intelligent grain yield monitoring system was developed in order to minimize the influence of the field vibration on accuracy of grain yield monitoring system and improve its practicality. The system included a remote monitoring subsystem based on computer

  2. Use of remote sensing in monitoring and forecasting of harmful algal blooms

    Stumpf, Richard P.; Tomlinson, Michelle C.


    Harmful algal blooms (HABs) have impacts on coastal economies, public health, and various endangered species. HABs are caused by a variety of organisms, most commonly dinoflagellates, diatoms, and cyanobacteria. In the late 1970's, optical remote sensing was found to have a potential for detecting the presence of blooms of Karenia brevis on the US Florida coast. Due to the nearly annual frequency of these blooms and the ability to note them with ocean color imagery, K. brevis blooms have strongly influenced the field of HAB remote sensing. However, with the variability between phytoplankton blooms, heir environment and their relatively narrow range of pigment types, particularly between toxic and non-toxic dinoflagellates and diatoms, techniques beyond optical detection are required for detecting and monitoring HABs. While satellite chlorophyll has some value, ecological or environmental characteristics are required to use chlorophyll. For example, identification of new blooms can be an effective means of identifying HABs that are quie intense, also blooms occurring after specific rainfall or wind events can be indicated as HABs. Several HAB species do not bloom in the traditional sense, in that they do not dominate the biomass. In these cases, remote sensing of SST or chlorophyll can be coupled with linkages to seasonal succession, changes in circulation or currents, and wind-induced transport--including upwelling and downwelling, to indicate the potential for a HAB to occur. An effective monitoring and forecasting system for HABs will require the coupling of remote sensing with an environmental and ecological understanding of the organism.

  3. Remote Blood Glucose Monitoring in mHealth Scenarios: A Review

    Giordano Lanzola


    Full Text Available Glucose concentration in the blood stream is a critical vital parameter and an effective monitoring of this quantity is crucial for diabetes treatment and intensive care management. Effective bio-sensing technology and advanced signal processing are therefore of unquestioned importance for blood glucose monitoring. Nevertheless, collecting measurements only represents part of the process as another critical task involves delivering the collected measures to the treating specialists and caregivers. These include the clinical staff, the patient’s significant other, his/her family members, and many other actors helping with the patient treatment that may be located far away from him/her. In all of these cases, a remote monitoring system, in charge of delivering the relevant information to the right player, becomes an important part of the sensing architecture. In this paper, we review how the remote monitoring architectures have evolved over time, paralleling the progress in the Information and Communication Technologies, and describe our experiences with the design of telemedicine systems for blood glucose monitoring in three medical applications. The paper ends summarizing the lessons learned through the experiences of the authors and discussing the challenges arising from a large-scale integration of sensors and actuators.

  4. Integration of Field and Remote Sensing Techniques For Landslides Monitoring

    Allievi, J.; Ambrosi, C.; Ceriani, M.; Colesanti, C.; Crosta, G. B.; Ferretti, A.; Fossati, D.; Menegaz, A.

    The definition of the state of activity of slope movements is of major interest both at local and at regional scale. The Geological Survey of the Regione Lombardia has re- cently started a series of projects aimed to the identification of areas subjected to slope instability and to the assessment of their state of activity. Field survey, aerial photo interpretation and advanced remote sensing techniques have been applied. Some ex- amples of large rock slope instabilities have been investigated in the Valtellina area (Lombardia, Northern Italy). In particular, we demonstrate the degree of integration of the adopted techniques for one of the largest rock slope movements actually recog- nised in the area. The remote sensing approach that has been adopted is the Perma- nent Scatterers (PS) Technique. This technique has been recently developed as a new methodology for surface deformation monitoring, using ESA ERS-SAR data. Its ap- plication to large slope movements in alpine and prealpine areas, with a relatively low urban development, has been tried for the first time in order to evaluate its potential in supporting studies for landslide hazard assessment. Previous results show that this ap- proach allows to reach an accuracy very close to the theoretical limit. This study shows the very good agreement reached for displacement velocities between historical trends and recent PS measurements. Scatterers have been identified by field surveying and some of them are located close to historically monitored benchmark for topographic measurements. Furthermore, the integration of these data with field observations al- lowed us to perform a preliminary reconstrucion of the landslide mechanism and to assess the activity of different landslide structures (scarps, etc.).

  5. Integrating SAR with Optical and Thermal Remote Sensing for Operational Near Real-Time Volcano Monitoring

    Meyer, F. J.; Webley, P.; Dehn, J.; Arko, S. A.; McAlpin, D. B.


    Volcanic eruptions are among the most significant hazards to human society, capable of triggering natural disasters on regional to global scales. In the last decade, remote sensing techniques have become established in operational forecasting, monitoring, and managing of volcanic hazards. Monitoring organizations, like the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), are nowadays heavily relying on remote sensing data from a variety of optical and thermal sensors to provide time-critical hazard information. Despite the high utilization of these remote sensing data to detect and monitor volcanic eruptions, the presence of clouds and a dependence on solar illumination often limit their impact on decision making processes. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) systems are widely believed to be superior to optical sensors in operational monitoring situations, due to the weather and illumination independence of their observations and the sensitivity of SAR to surface changes and deformation. Despite these benefits, the contributions of SAR to operational volcano monitoring have been limited in the past due to (1) high SAR data costs, (2) traditionally long data processing times, and (3) the low temporal sampling frequencies inherent to most SAR systems. In this study, we present improved data access, data processing, and data integration techniques that mitigate some of the above mentioned limitations and allow, for the first time, a meaningful integration of SAR into operational volcano monitoring systems. We will introduce a new database interface that was developed in cooperation with the Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) and allows for rapid and seamless data access to all of ASF's SAR data holdings. We will also present processing techniques that improve the temporal frequency with which hazard-related products can be produced. These techniques take advantage of modern signal processing technology as well as new radiometric normalization schemes, both enabling the combination of

  6. 基于ZIGBEE和GPRS的PLC远程环境监测系统设计%Design of PLC Remote Environmental Monitoring System Based on ZigBee and GPRS

    陈立定; 温略钦; 章梁斌


    为改善人力环境监管存在的局限性及GPRS-PLC监测系统的高成本等缺陷,设计可自组网络的远程环境监测系统.设计中构建了远程环境监测系统网络结构,采用西门子S7- 200系列PLC作为采集仪控制器,TI CC2530 ZigBee无线网络模块作为现场组网模块,采用GPRS DTU传输数据,采用X86架构计算机构建监测平台.论述采集仪、无线网络模块程序设计的一般问题和程序设计流程,论述基于Winsock的监测中心软件平台设计方法.%A self-networking REMS (remote environmental monitoring system) has been designed to improve the limitations of human environmental regulatory and GPRS-PLC monitoring system. A REMS network structure has been designed, using Siemens S7 - 200 series PLC as the logger controller, TI CC2530 ZigBee module as field wireless network device, GPRS DTU to transfer data, X86 - based computer to build the monitoring platform. Discussed the general problem and programing method of PLC and CC2530 program design, also discussed the way to build the software platform based on Winsock.

  7. Application of remote debugging techniques in user-centric job monitoring

    dos Santos, T.; Mättig, P.; Wulff, N.; Harenberg, T.; Volkmer, F.; Beermann, T.; Kalinin, S.; Ahrens, R.


    With the Job Execution Monitor, a user-centric job monitoring software developed at the University of Wuppertal and integrated into the job brokerage systems of the WLCG, job progress and grid worker node health can be supervised in real time. Imminent error conditions can thus be detected early by the submitter and countermeasures can be taken. Grid site admins can access aggregated data of all monitored jobs to infer the site status and to detect job misbehaviour. To remove the last "blind spot" from this monitoring, a remote debugging technique based on the GNU C compiler suite was developed and integrated into the software; its design concept and architecture is described in this paper and its application discussed.

  8. Research on cloud-based remote measurement and analysis system

    Gao, Zhiqiang; He, Lingsong; Su, Wei; Wang, Can; Zhang, Changfan


    The promising potential of cloud computing and its convergence with technologies such as cloud storage, cloud push, mobile computing allows for creation and delivery of newer type of cloud service. Combined with the thought of cloud computing, this paper presents a cloud-based remote measurement and analysis system. This system mainly consists of three parts: signal acquisition client, web server deployed on the cloud service, and remote client. This system is a special website developed using and Flex RIA technology, which solves the selective contradiction between two monitoring modes, B/S and C/S. This platform supplies customer condition monitoring and data analysis service by Internet, which was deployed on the cloud server. Signal acquisition device is responsible for data (sensor data, audio, video, etc.) collection and pushes the monitoring data to the cloud storage database regularly. Data acquisition equipment in this system is only conditioned with the function of data collection and network function such as smartphone and smart sensor. This system's scale can adjust dynamically according to the amount of applications and users, so it won't cause waste of resources. As a representative case study, we developed a prototype system based on Ali cloud service using the rotor test rig as the research object. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed system architecture is feasible.

  9. Design of Remote Monitoring System of Silkworm-egg Incubation Environment Based on MCGS%基于MCGS的蚕种催青环境远程监控系统

    王珊珊; 梁培生; 张国政


    [ 目的]设计一种基于MCGS的蚕种催青环境远程监控和管理系统.[方法]在总结现有蚕种催青控制系统特点的基础上,采用采集控制器采集现场温度、湿度、光照、气流等数据,对MCGS工控组态软件进行二次开发,通过实现PC机与采集控制器进行通讯,可以现场和远程监控催青室的温度、湿度、光照和气流等环境参数.[结果]该系统具有性能稳定可靠、成本低、监测精度高等特点,不仅提高了蚕种催青质量,而且起到节本增收的作用.[结论]该系统具有良好的推广应用价值.%[ Objective] The research aimed to design a kind of remote monitoring system of silkworm-egg incubation environment based on MCGS. [ Method] Based on summarizing the characteristics of current control system of silkworm-egg incubation environment, the data of onthe-spot temperature, humidity, illumination and other parameters were collected by using data acquisition controller. The communication between PC and data acquisition controller was realized by the secondary development of the configuration software of MCGS. The live and remote monitoring of temperature, humidity, illumination, aeration and other environmental parameters can be realized. [ Result] The system has such advantages as better in performance and more reliable in quality, low cost and accurate measurement. It not only can enhance the incubation quality of silkworm-egg, but it also plays an important role in saving cost and increasing income. [ Conclusion ] This system is of great popularization and application values.

  10. 基于车联网的3G远程车载尾气监测系统的设计与实现%Design and implementation of 3 G remote vehicle exhaust monitoring system based on IOV



    Aiming at the problem of the long cycle,complex manipulation,and low accuracy of the tradition-al automobile exhaust detection method,3G remote vehicle exhaust detection system based on IOV was pro-posed.In order to obtain a signal value corresponding to the electrode-gas concentration,electrochemical sensors were introduced for a chemical reaction with the exhaust gas;CAN bus was used for the real-time acquisition of the electrical signal of the sensor node to calculate the corresponding gas concentration through the control software;the 3 G remote communication system was designed to detect the vehicle ex-haust concentration within certain area,which could provide effective reference data for prevention and con-trol of air pollution.The result showed that the system improved the inteligent,real-time and accuracy of the traditional monitoring,and solved the development bottleneck of traditional exhaust gas monitoring system.%针对汽车尾气传统检测方法周期长、操控繁杂、精确度低的问题,构建了基于车联网的3G远程车载尾气监测系统。该系统引入电化学传感器与尾气进行化学反应,以获取相应气体浓度的电极信号值;采用CAN总线实时采集传感器节点的电信号值,进而通过中控软件计算相应气体浓度值;设计3G远程通信系统实时监测区域内相关车辆的尾气浓度值,为大气污染的防控提供有效参考数据。实验结果表明,该系统提升了传统监测系统的智能性、实时性和精确性,解决了传统尾气监测系统发展的瓶颈问题。

  11. Wearable Health Monitoring Systems

    Bell, John


    The shrinking size and weight of electronic circuitry has given rise to a new generation of smart clothing that enables biological data to be measured and transmitted. As the variation in the number and type of deployable devices and sensors increases, technology must allow their seamless integration so they can be electrically powered, operated, and recharged over a digital pathway. Nyx Illuminated Clothing Company has developed a lightweight health monitoring system that integrates medical sensors, electrodes, electrical connections, circuits, and a power supply into a single wearable assembly. The system is comfortable, bendable in three dimensions, durable, waterproof, and washable. The innovation will allow astronaut health monitoring in a variety of real-time scenarios, with data stored in digital memory for later use in a medical database. Potential commercial uses are numerous, as the technology enables medical personnel to noninvasively monitor patient vital signs in a multitude of health care settings and applications.

  12. 嵌入式Web服务器远程监控系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Remote Monitor and Control System Based on Embedded Web Server

    徐叶; 袁敏; 李国军


    The rapid development of information technology and the wide application of embedded system have brought revolutionary changes to people's life. The combination of embedded system and Internet has become a trend of the future. Therefore, an embedded Web server is designed. This server uses hyper text transfer protocol and common gateway interface technology, increases database function. In the client, users can monitor local devices and admin historical data through Internet and browser remotely. The use of OPC technology achieves communication between the Web server and PLC. This monitor system can not only meet the needs of supervisory task, reduces the operation and maintenance cost, but also improves the efficiency. The system is of a very high value in use.%信息技术的高速发展和嵌入式系统的广泛应用给人们的生活带来了革命性的变化,嵌入式系统接入Internet成为未来的一个趋势.因此,本文设计一个嵌入式Web服务器,服务器端采用HTTP协议和CGI技术,增加了数据库功能,在客户端的用户可以通过Internet利用浏览器进行远程监控并且可以查看历史数据.利用OPC技术实现了Web服务器与PLC之间的数据通讯.这种监控系统不仅满足了监控任务的需要,而且有效降低了运行维护成本,提高了运行效率,具有很高的使用价值.

  13. Remote monitoring of breathing dynamics using infrared thermography

    Pereira, Carina Barbosa; Yu, Xinchi; Czaplik, Michael; Rossaint, Rolf; Blazek, Vladimir; Leonhardt, Steffen


    An atypical or irregular respiratory frequency is considered to be one of the earliest markers of physiological distress. In addition, monitoring of this vital parameter plays a major role in diagnosis of respiratory disorders, as well as in early detection of sudden infant death syndrome. Nevertheless, the current measurement modalities require attachment of sensors to the patient’s body, leading to discomfort and stress. The current paper presents a new robust algorithm to remotely monitor breathing rate (BR) by using thermal imaging. This approach permits to detect and to track the region of interest (nose) as well as to estimate BR. In order to study the performance of the algorithm, and its robustness against motion and breathing disorders, three different thermal recordings of 11 healthy volunteers were acquired (sequence 1: normal breathing; sequence 2: normal breathing plus arbitrary head movements; and sequence 3: sequence of specific breathing patterns). Thoracic effort (piezoplethysmography) served as “gold standard” for validation of our results. An excellent agreement between estimated BR and ground truth was achieved. Whereas the mean correlation for sequence 1–3 were 0.968, 0.940 and 0.974, the mean absolute BR errors reached 0.33, 0.55 and 0.96 bpm (breaths per minute), respectively. In brief, this work demonstrates that infrared thermography is a promising, clinically relevant alternative for the currently available measuring modalities due to its performance and diverse remarkable advantages. PMID:26601003

  14. Identification of high-risk areas for harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena bycatch using remote electronic monitoring and satellite telemetry data

    Kindt-Larsen, Lotte; Berg, Casper Willestofte; Tougaard, J.


    and lower risk of porpoise bycatch. From May 2010 to April 2011, 4 commercial gillnet vessels were equipped with remote electronic monitoring (REM) systems. The REM system recorded time, GPS position and closed-circuit television (CCTV) footage of all gillnet hauls. REM data were used to identify fishing...

  15. Vehicle chassis monitoring system

    Pisu, P.; Soliman, A.; Rizzoni, G. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus (United States). Center for Automotive Research


    Fault detection and isolation is becoming one of the most important aspects in vehicle control system design. In order to achieve this FDI schemes, particular vehicle subsystems integrated with a controller have been proposed. This paper introduces a new model-based fault detection and fault diagnosis method for monitoring the vehicle chassis performance. (orig.)

  16. Implementation of remove monitoring in facilities under safeguards with unattended systems

    Beddingfield, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordquist, Heather A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Umebayaashi, Eiji [JAEA


    Remote monitoring is being applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at nuclear facilities around the world. At the Monju Reactor in Japan we have designed, developed and implemented a remote monitoring approach that can serve as a model for applying remote monitoring to facilities that are already under full-scope safeguards using unattended instrumentation. Remote monitoring implementations have historically relied upon the use of specialized data collection hardware and system design features that integrate remote monitoring into the safeguards data collection system. The integration of remote monitoring and unattended data collection increases the complexity of safeguards data collection systems. This increase in complexity necessarily produces a corresponding reduction of system reliability compared to less-complex unattended monitoring systems. At the Monju facility we have implemented a remote monitoring system that is decoupled from the activity of safeguards data collection. In the completed system the function of remote data transfer is separated from the function of safeguards data collection. As such, a failure of the remote monitoring function cannot produce an associated loss of safeguards data, as is possible with integrated remote-monitoring implementations. Currently, all safeguards data from this facility is available to the IAEA on a 24/7 basis. This facility employs five radiation-based unattended systems, video surveillance and numerous optical seal systems. The implementation of remote monitoring at this facility, while increasing the complexity of the safeguards system, is designed to avoid any corresponding reduction in reliability of the safeguards data collection systems by having decoupled these functions. This design and implementation can serve as a model for implementation of remote monitoring at nuclear facilities that currently employ unattended safeguards systems.

  17. Diabetes Monitoring System Using Mobile Computing Technologies

    Mashael Saud Bin-Sabbar


    Full Text Available Diabetes is a chronic disease that needs to regularly be monitored to keep the blood sugar levels within normal ranges. This monitoring depends on the diabetic treatment plan that is periodically reviewed by the endocrinologist. The frequent visit to the main hospital seems to be tiring and time consuming for both endocrinologist and diabetes patients. The patient may have to travel to the main city, paying a ticket and reserving a place to stay. Those expenses can be reduced by remotely monitoring the diabetes patients with the help of mobile devices. In this paper, we introduce our implementation of an integrated monitoring tool for the diabetes patients. The designed system provides a daily monitoring and monthly services. The daily monitoring includes recording the result of daily analysis and activates to be transmitted from a patient’s mobile device to a central database. The monthly services require the patient to visit a nearby care center in the patient home town to do the medical examination and checkups. The result of this visit entered into the system and then synchronized with the central database. Finally, the endocrinologist can remotely monitor the patient record and adjust the treatment plan and the insulin doses if need.

  18. Remote monitoring of cardiac implantable devices in the Asia-Pacific.

    Lau, Chu-Pak; Zhang, Shu


    Remote monitoring of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) has emerged as a tool to replace regular follow-up of such devices, and to detect hardware failure, arrhythmias, and heart failure decompensation. The Asia-Pacific region is a geographically diverse area, with widely different cardiac device implant rates and expertise. However, common to all countries, distance and logistic for patients to reach an expert monitoring centre for routine follow up are significant, and in some countries, this will likely be replaced by remote monitoring. Unscheduled visits such as for the treatment of atrial fibrillation and ICD shocks will be expedited. There has been an increase in both pacemaker and ICD implant rates in Asia-Pacific, due to an ageing population and improvement in economic condition. Among the countries, Australia and Japan are the major users of remote monitoring. According to the statistics of the suppliers, in Australia, up to 15% of pacemakers, 40% ICD, and 30% cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CTRD) are remotely monitored. The corresponding numbers for Japan are 5, 50, and 50% respectively. The monitoring personnel include nurses, technicians, and doctors, either from local centre or from device companies. Cost, lack of reimbursement, and logistic support are major issues in widespread application of remote monitoring technology. In conclusion, remote monitoring is increasing in Asia-Pacific region despite the increase in cost. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators and CRT/CRTDs are more likely than pacemakers to be enabled with remote monitoring.

  19. Remote-handled transuranic system assessment appendices. Volume 2



    Volume 2 of this report contains six appendices to the report: Inventory and generation of remote-handled transuranic waste; Remote-handled transuranic waste site storage; Characterization of remote-handled transuranic waste; RH-TRU waste treatment alternatives system analysis; Packaging and transportation study; and Remote-handled transuranic waste disposal alternatives.

  20. Remote-handled transuranic system assessment appendices. Volume 2



    Volume 2 of this report contains six appendices to the report: Inventory and generation of remote-handled transuranic waste; Remote-handled transuranic waste site storage; Characterization of remote-handled transuranic waste; RH-TRU waste treatment alternatives system analysis; Packaging and transportation study; and Remote-handled transuranic waste disposal alternatives.

  1. Inductive System Monitors Tasks


    The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) software developed at Ames Research Center uses artificial intelligence and data mining techniques to build system-monitoring knowledge bases from archived or simulated sensor data. This information is then used to detect unusual or anomalous behavior that may indicate an impending system failure. Currently helping analyze data from systems that help fly and maintain the space shuttle and the International Space Station (ISS), the IMS has also been employed by data classes are then used to build a monitoring knowledge base. In real time, IMS performs monitoring functions: determining and displaying the degree of deviation from nominal performance. IMS trend analyses can detect conditions that may indicate a failure or required system maintenance. The development of IMS was motivated by the difficulty of producing detailed diagnostic models of some system components due to complexity or unavailability of design information. Successful applications have ranged from real-time monitoring of aircraft engine and control systems to anomaly detection in space shuttle and ISS data. IMS was used on shuttle missions STS-121, STS-115, and STS-116 to search the Wing Leading Edge Impact Detection System (WLEIDS) data for signs of possible damaging impacts during launch. It independently verified findings of the WLEIDS Mission Evaluation Room (MER) analysts and indicated additional points of interest that were subsequently investigated by the MER team. In support of the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, IMS is being deployed as an anomaly detection tool on ISS mission control consoles in the Johnson Space Center Mission Operations Directorate. IMS has been trained to detect faults in the ISS Control Moment Gyroscope (CMG) systems. In laboratory tests, it has already detected several minor anomalies in real-time CMG data. When tested on archived data, IMS was able to detect precursors of the CMG1 failure nearly 15 hours in advance of

  2. Wearable impedance monitoring system for dialysis patients.

    Bonnet, S; Bourgerette, A; Gharbi, S; Rubeck, C; Arkouche, W; Massot, B; McAdams, E; Montalibet, A; Jallon, P


    This paper describes the development and the validation of a prototype wearable miniaturized impedance monitoring system for remote monitoring in home-based dialysis patients. This device is intended to assess the hydration status of dialysis patients using calf impedance measurements. The system is based on the low-power AD8302 component. The impedance calibration procedure is described together with the Cole parameter estimation and the hydric volume estimation. Results are given on a test cell to validate the design and on preliminary calf measurements showing Cole parameter variations during hemodialysis.

  3. 基于3G技术的远程医疗监护系统设计%Design of Remote Medical Monitoring System Based on 3G Technology

    彭兰地; 米明


    Along with the computer technology, WI-FI wireless communication technology and 3G communication technology development, combining with the increasing demand of medical care, using 3G communication and WI-FI wireless communication technology, a remote medical monitoring system is designed and implemented. The system, can achieve the patient situation timely to doctors and their families whenever and wherever possible, to respond to the patients of possible contingencies, and can greatly improve the efficiency of care.%随着计算机技术、WI-FI无线通信技术和3G通信技术的发展,结合医疗监护应用的需求,设计实现一种采用3G通信和WI-FI无线通信技术为通信手段的远程医疗监护系统.这种远程医疗监护系统,能随时随地实现对病患者的远程医疗监护,及时将病患情况反映给医生及其家属,以应对病患者可能的突发情况,大大提高了护理效率.

  4. Design of remote monitoring system for huge building safety based on IOT technology%基于物联网技术的大型建筑安全远程监测系统设计

    刘红玲; 于亚鹏; 常龙


    With the development of information technology, the research and application of huge building safety monitoring has become one of research hotspots in domestic and overseas academia, engineering and management department. Focus on the application of IOT in building safety testing, a remote detection systems for large building safety is designed, and the content , technology and sensing devices commonly used in the building safety testing are also introduced, the data transfer protocol is analyzed, and the networking scheme of data transfer and its security information processing system is proposed.%随着信息技术的发展,大型建筑安全监测研究应用已成为国内外学术界、工程界和管理部门研究的热点之一。文章以物联网技术在建筑安全检测中的应用为重点,设计了一种大型建筑安全远程检测系统,同时介绍了建筑安全检测的内容、技术和常用的传感设备,分析了数据传输协议,给出了数据传输的组网方案及其安全信息处理系统。

  5. Remote canopy hemispherical image collection system

    Wan, Xuefen; Liu, Bingyu; Yang, Yi; Han, Fang; Cui, Jian


    Canopies are major part of plant photosynthesis and have distinct architectural elements such as tree crowns, whorls, branches, shoots, etc. By measuring canopy structural parameters, the solar radiation interception, photosynthesis effects and the spatio-temporal distribution of solar radiation under the canopy can be evaluated. Among canopy structure parameters, Leaf Area Index (LAI) is the key one. Leaf area index is a crucial variable in agronomic and environmental studies, because of its importance for estimating the amount of radiation intercepted by the canopy and the crop water requirements. The LAI can be achieved by hemispheric images which are obtained below the canopy with high accuracy and effectiveness. But existing hemispheric images canopy-LAI measurement technique is based on digital SLR camera with a fisheye lens. Users need to collect hemispheric image manually. The SLR camera with fisheye lens is not suit for long-term canopy-LAI outdoor measurement too. And the high cost of SLR limits its capacity. In recent years, with the development of embedded system and image processing technology, low cost remote canopy hemispheric image acquisition technology is becoming possible. In this paper, we present a remote hemispheric canopy image acquisition system with in-field/host configuration. In-field node based on imbed platform, low cost image sensor and fisheye lens is designed to achieve hemispherical image of plant canopy at distance with low cost. Solar radiation and temperature/humidity data, which are important for evaluating image data validation, are obtained for invalid hemispherical image elimination and node maintenance too. Host computer interacts with in-field node by 3G network. The hemispherical image calibration and super resolution are used to improve image quality in host computer. Results show that the remote canopy image collection system can make low cost remote canopy image acquisition for LAI effectively. It will be a potential

  6. 基于多传感器信息融合技术的远程智能沼气池监控系统%Remote Intelligent Methane Tank Monitoring System Based on Multi-sensor Information Fusion Technology

    褚倩云; 陈昊; 廖同庆


    Our country has a large population which results in a relatively shortage of energy and huge consumption of resources. As a renewable energy, the development of biogas energy has a broad space on the economic and ecological front so that ratio-nal development and use of biogas energy has very important significance. However, at present the use of methane is still rela-tively small in China countryside. In turn, there are a lot of problems in biogas management system, such as improving the effi-ciency in fermentation process and ensuring the system security. The system designed is based on using STM32 as the main con-trol chip,as well as the wireless remote monitoring system of methane tank can provide real-time, online services for multiple users. People can collect and monitor the information of temperature and humidity, Methane concentration and pH-value in the monitoring environment by wireless sensor network technology. Then through the 4G wireless communication network cloud technology, it can analysis method and online data, giving a synthetical and overall evaluation of each index. Allowing autho-rized users through a variety of mobile terminal (such as mobile phone, PC, etc.) to master the real-time data, achieving remote monitoring.%我国人口众多,资源消耗巨大,能源短缺严重。沼气是一种理想的新型可再生能源,具有很高的经济效益和生态效益,合理地开发利用沼气能源具有极其重要的意义。但目前我国农村沼气利用还不是很多,沼气池管理系统还存在较多问题,比如池内发酵效率的提高、系统安全性的保障等都不可忽视。本设计是能够为多用户同时提供在线服务的沼气池无线远程监控系统,采用STM32作为主控芯片,通过多传感器数据采集终端,对沼气池内甲烷浓度、温湿度、PH值等进行监测;而后通过基于4G无线通信网络的云技术分析现场数据,对沼气池内各项指标


    张鹏; 何满潮; 陶志刚; 张斌


    Sliding perturbation remote monitoring(SPRM) system has its unique advantages on the monitoring cost and effect, which had successfully forecasted landslide three times in the national scope. According to the principle and construction of system, combined with the early days application feedback, the existing defects and shortcomings were put forward, which were mainly concentrated on three aspects, such as, communications technology, data collection and transmission technology, forecast method and early warning mode of landslide disasters. The system was improved and finally upgraded to SPRM - III system, through using Beidou satellite communication system to replace the global system of mobile(GSM) network communication system, using ZigBee communication mode and wireless sensor network technology to develop and apply planar data collection and transmission technology, establishing standard forecast method and early warning mode of landslide disasters. After the completion of the improvement, the system began its engineering application. The application effect shows that the intrinsic problems and shortages have been overcome, the system working is stable and effective; and the expected goals have been achieved.%滑坡灾害远程监控系统在监测成本及作用效果方面具备独特的优势,系统在全国范围内成功预报了3次滑坡.结合系统的原理和构造,以及前期应用反馈,提出了系统在通信技术、数据采集传输技术与滑坡灾害预警模式3个方面存在缺陷和弊端;通过利用北斗卫星通信系统替换全球移动通讯系统(GSM)网络通信系统、借助ZigBee通信方式和无线传感网络技术开发应用面状数据采集传输技术、建立标准化的滑坡灾害预报方法及预警模式等手段,对系统进行改进完善,最终升级为SPRM-Ⅲ型系统;系统改进完成后即开始工程实际应用,应用效果显示,系统克服了原有的问题和不足,运行稳定,效果甚佳,达到了预期目标.

  8. Monitoring Chlorophyll-a with remote sensing techniques in the Tagus Estuary

    Benali, A. A.


    At the present there is a major challenge to monitor coastaltransitional systems in a robust, frequent, systematic and accurate fashion. With the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD), the EU Member States must monitor regularly the most relevant physical and biological parameters. The work assessed the applicability and accuracy of chl-a products from the MODIS Terra sensor in the Tagus estuary, comparing them with simulations of an ecological model (EcoWin2000), at a box scale, which was previously calibrated and validated. It is proposed a conceptual and methodological framework for future monitoring of the estuary using remote sensing data, concerning data processing, handling and integration. Typical Case 1 algorithms were pre-assessed and Case 2 empirical algorithms were regionally calibrated. The GSM and Clark algorithms had the best performances, with errors of approximately of 1.1 μg chl-a l-1 (or 20%) and correlations ranging 0.4-0.5. During calibration, the ratio R678/R551 had good correlation (r = 0.83) and low errors ( 1μg chl-a l-1), however, its evaluation showed low performances. In agreement with the pre-assessment, the GSM algorithm had the best correlation (r 0.50) and errors of approximately 0.8μg chl-a l-1. Remote sensing is a tool with high potential to assist the EU Member States to accomplish the WFD objectives, however, extensive future work is still needed. Systematic chl-a monitoring in the Tagus estuary is feasible and future work should also be aimed at developing multisource monitoring procedures integrating model, in-situ and remote sensing data thus, minimizing their individual limitations and flaws.

  9. CERN GSM monitoring system

    Ghabrous Larrea, C


    As a result of the tremendous development of GSM services over the last years, the number of related services used by organizations has drastically increased. Therefore, monitoring GSM services is becoming a business critical issue in order to be able to react appropriately in case of incident. In order to provide with GSM coverage all the CERN underground facilities, more than 50 km of leaky feeder cable have been deployed. This infrastructure is also used to propagate VHF radio signals for the CERN’s fire brigade. Even though CERN’s mobile operator monitors the network, it cannot guarantee the availability of GSM services, and for sure not VHF services, where signals are carried by the leaky feeder cable. So, a global monitoring system has become critical to CERN. In addition, monitoring this infrastructure will allow to characterize its behaviour over time, especially with LHC operation. Given that commercial solutions were not yet mature, CERN developed a system based on GSM probes and an application...

  10. [A wireless mobile monitoring system based on bluetooth technology].

    Sun, Shou-jun; Wu, Kai; Wu, Xiao-Ming


    This paper presents a wireless mobile monitoring system based on Bluetooth technology. This system realizes the remote mobile monitoring of multiple physiological parameters, and has the characters of easy use, low cost, good reliability and strong capability of anti-jamming.

  11. Reducing Clinical Trial Monitoring Resource Allocation and Costs Through Remote Access to Electronic Medical Records

    Uren, Shannon C.; Kirkman, Mitchell B.; Dalton, Brad S.; Zalcberg, John R.


    Purpose: With electronic medical records (eMRs), the option now exists for clinical trial monitors to perform source data verification (SDV) remotely. We report on a feasibility study of remote access to eMRs for SDV and the potential advantages of such a process in terms of resource allocation and cost. Methods: The Clinical Trials Unit at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, in collaboration with Novartis Pharmaceuticals Australia, conducted a 6-month feasibility study of remote SDV. A Novartis monitor was granted dedicated software and restricted remote access to the eMR portal of the cancer center, thereby providing an avenue through which perform SDV. Results: Six monitoring visits were conducted during the study period, four of which were performed remotely. The ability to conduct two thirds of the monitoring visits remotely in this complex phase III study resulted in an overall cost saving to Novartis. Similarly, remote monitoring eased the strain on internal resources, particularly monitoring space and hospital computer terminal access, at the cancer center. Conclusion: Remote access to patient eMRs for SDV is feasible and is potentially an avenue through which resources can be more efficiently used. Although this feasibility study involved limited numbers, there is no limit to scaling these processes to any number of patients enrolled onto large clinical trials. PMID:23633977

  12. Mobile health in cardiology: a review of currently available medical apps and equipment for remote monitoring.

    Treskes, Roderick Willem; van der Velde, Enno Tjeerd; Barendse, Rogier; Bruining, Nico


    Recent developments in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and smartphone technology have increased the possibilities for remote monitoring. It is the purpose of this review to give an overview of these new possibilities. Remote monitoring in ICD allows for early detection of lead fractures and remote follow-up of patients. Possible limitations are the lack of standardization and the possible unsafety of the data stored on the ICD. Secondly, remote monitoring of health parameters using smartphone compatible wearables and smartphone medical apps is addressed. Possible limitations include the fact that the majority of smartphone apps are unregulated by the regulatory authorities and privacy issues such as selling of app-generated data to third parties. Lastly, clinical studies with smartphone apps are discussed. Expert commentary: New technologies in ICDs and smartphones have the potential to be used for remote monitoring. However, unreliability of smartphone technology, inadequate legislation and lack of reimbursement impede implementation.

  13. Remote and terrestrial ground monitoring techniques integration for hazard assessment in mountain areas

    Chinellato, Giulia; Kenner, Robert; Iasio, Christian; Mair, Volkmar; Mosna, David; Mulas, Marco; Phillips, Marcia; Strada, Claudia; Zischg, Andreas


    In high mountain regions the choice of appropriate sites for infrastructure such as roads, railways, cable cars or hydropower dams is often very limited. In parallel, the increasing demand for supply infrastructure in the Alps induces a continuous transformation of the territory. The new role played by the precautionary monitoring in the risk governance becomes fundamental and may overcome the modeling of future events, which represented so far the predominant approach to these sort of issues. Furthermore the consequence of considering methodologies alternative to those more exclusive allow to reduce costs and increasing the frequency of measurements, updating continuously the cognitive framework of existing hazard condition in most susceptible territories. The scale factor of the observed area and the multiple purpose of such regional ordinary surveys make it convenient to adopt Radar Satellite-based systems, but they need to be integrated with terrestrial systems for validation and eventual early warning purposes. Significant progress over the past decade in Remote Sensing (RS), Proximal Sensing and integration-based sensor networks systems now provide technologies, that allow to implement monitoring systems for ordinary surveys of extensive areas or regions, which are affected by active natural processes and slope instability. The Interreg project SloMove aims to provide solutions for such challenges and focuses on using remote sensing monitoring techniques for the monitoring of mass movements in two test sites, in South Tyrol (Italy) and in Grisons Canton (Switzerland). The topics faced in this project concern mass movements and slope deformation monitoring techniques, focusing mainly on the integration of multi-temporal interferometry, new generation of terrestrial technologies for differential digital terrain model elaboration provided by laser scanner (TLS), and GNSS-based topographic surveys, which are used not only for validation purpose, but also for

  14. Comparison of remote sensing indices for monitoring of desert cienegas

    Wilson, Natalie R; Norman, Laura M.; Villarreal, Miguel; Gass, Leila; Tiller, Ron; Salywon, Andrew


    This research considers the applicability of different vegetation indices at 30 m resolution for mapping and monitoring desert wetland (cienega) health and spatial extent through time at Cienega Creek in southeastern Arizona, USA. Multiple stressors including the risk of decadal-scale drought, the effects of current and predicted global warming, and continued anthropogenic pressures threaten aquatic habitats in the southwest and cienegas are recognized as important sites for conservation and restoration efforts. However, cienegas present a challenge to satellite-imagery based analysis due to their small size and mixed surface cover of open water, exposed soils, and vegetation. We created time series of five well-known vegetation indices using annual Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images retrieved during the April–June dry season, from 1984 to 2011 to map landscape-level distribution of wetlands and monitor the temporal dynamics of individual sites. Indices included the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), the Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI), the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), and the Normalized Difference Infrared Index (NDII). One topographic index, the Topographic Wetness Index (TWI), was analyzed to examine the utility of topography in mapping distribution of cienegas. Our results indicate that the NDII, calculated using Landsat TM band 5, outperforms the other indices at differentiating cienegas from riparian and upland sites, and was the best means to analyze change. As such, it offers a critical baseline for future studies that seek to extend the analysis of cienegas to other regions and time scales, and has broader applicability to the remote sensing of wetland features in arid landscapes.

  15. 基于Modbus RTU协议的磁控电抗器远程监控系统%Remote Monitoring System of Magnetic Controlled Reactor Based on Modbus RTU Protocol

    欧振国; 程汉湘; 林桂龙; 赵建青; 黄沃林


    In recent years, the development of wind power, photovoltaic power and smart grid provides opportunities for magnetic controlled reactor.The remote monitoring system of magnetic controlled reactor (MCR) in automatic system of substation has been researched base on Modbus RTU protocol. Firstly, the technical points of Modbus RTU protocol are expounded; secondly, the hardware structure of the control system is described; thirdly, background software is designed based on the functional characteristics of MCR; finally, the reliability of the system is verified according to experimental results. Test results show that the control system is safe, reliable, humanized and has good real-time performance.%近年来风电、光伏发电的发展及智能电网的提出,为磁控电抗器的发展带来了机遇。文中主要研究Modbus RTU协议在变电站综合自动化系统中的磁控电抗器(MCR)远程监控系统的有效实现。首先阐明Modbus RTU的技术要点,然后介绍控制系统的硬件构成,接着结合MCR的功能特点设计后台软件,最后根据试验结果验证监控系统的可靠性。试验结果表明,该控制系统安全、可靠、人性化、实时性好。

  16. Monitoring of Gangotri glacier using remote sensing and ground observations

    H S Negi; N K Thakur; A Ganju; Snehmani


    In this study, Gangotri glacier was monitored using Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) LISS-III sensor data in combination with field collected snow-meteorological data for a period of seven years (2001–2008). An overall decreasing trend in the areal extent of seasonal snow cover area (SCA) was observed. An upward shifting trend of wet snow line was observed in the beginning of melt period, i.e., in May and dominant wet snow conditions were observed between May and October. Snow meteorological parameters collected in the Gangotri sub-basin suggest reduction in fresh snowfall amount during winter, increase in rainfall amount during summer, decrease in snowfall days, increase in rainfall days and rising trend of average temperature. The prevailing wet snow condition on glacier has caused scouring of slopes which led the excessive soil/debris deposition on the glacier surface. This was observed as one of the major factor for activating fast melting and affecting the glacier health significantly. Apart from climatic conditions, terrain factors were observed for changing the glacio-morphology. The significant changes on the glacier surface were observed in the regions of abrupt slope change. The above factors affecting the Gangotri glacier health were also validated using high resolution satellite imageries and field visit. A deglaciation of 6% in overall area of Gangotri glacier was observed between the years 1962 and 2006.

  17. Reliable Remote-Monitoring Electrochemical Potentiostat for Glucose Measurements

    JIN Yang; WANG Hong; LV Zhengliang; YANG Shiyuan; CAI Haoyuan; JIANG Junfeng


    Electrochemical methods have been widely used in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, which require accurate concentration measurements, chemical reaction detections and analyses. The elec-trochemical potentiostat, the core element in electrochemical instruments, have been discussed as a hot topic addressing the difficulty of applying high-preclsion constant voltage and picoampere current meas-urements. Meanwhile, reliable potenUostats are in demand for complicated industrial environments with noises as well as requirements of remotemonitors. This paper describes a potentiostat for industrial glucose measurement that is not only accurate but also fault tolerant to guarantee high reliability in industrial envi-ronments. The instrument uses standard industrial communication protocols, profibus, and a 4-20 mA cur-rent loop, for remote control and monitoring. Experimental results show that this design has 0.01% accuracy with 1 mV resolution for voltage applications and 0.01% accuracy with 1 pA resolution for current measure-ments. The design is also shown to be highly reliable in noisy environments.

  18. Design and implementation of a telemedicine system using Bluetooth protocol and GSM/GPRS network, for real time remote patient monitoring.

    Jasemian, Yousef; Nielsen, Lars Arendt


    This paper introduces the design and implementation of a generic wireless and Real-time Multi-purpose Health Care Telemedicine system applying Bluetooth protocol, Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). The paper explores the factors that should be considered when evaluating different technologies for application in telemedicine system. The design and implementation of an embedded wireless communication platform utilising Bluetooth protocol is described, and the implementation problems and limitations are investigated. The system is tested and its telecommunication general aspects are verified. The results showed that the system has (97.9 +/- 1.3)% Up-time, 2.5 x 10(-5) Bit Error Rate, 1% Dropped Call Rate, 97.4% Call Success Rate, 5 second transmission delay in average, (3.42 +/- 0.11) kbps throughput, and the system may have application in electrocardiography.

  19. 21 CFR 880.6315 - Remote Medication Management System.


    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remote Medication Management System. 880.6315... Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6315 Remote Medication Management System. (a) Identification. A remote medication management system is a device composed of clinical and communications software, a medication delivery...

  20. 桁架式可移动作物生长远程监控系统设计%Design of movable remote crop monitoring system on fixed truss

    韩文霆; 崔利华; 陈微; 李敏; Su Ki Ooi; 吴普特


    The image obtaining angle and scope for the fixed image acquisition device is limited for obtaining an image of the desired crop; with the high cost of running the system, a vehicle-mounted mobile multipoint access method needs to move the car as the carrier, and affects the image acquisition system automation level. In order to obtain a crop image in an enlarged acquisition scope, a crop image acquisition system was developed that the image acquisition device can move on a fixed truss. The system has five parts: an image acquisition device, rotation and pitching motion, vertical movement, horizontal movement, a remote control, and database management. The image color of crop growth information is at least 24 bit, and a resolution up to 640 ×480 pixels. A high-definition network camera was used as the image acquisition device. A comprehensive intelligent control Pan Tilt Zoom (PTZ) was selected as the rotation and pitching motion, in order to expand the scope of monitoring, to increase the space rotation and to add pitching motion. The image acquisition device was installed on the intelligent control PTZ to achieve 360° rotation and pitching movement. A helix four bar mechanism was designed for the vertical movement and the PTZ was fixed on it to achieve vertical movement for the camera. A sliding block guide mechanism was developed and the helix four bar mechanism was installed on it to achieve horizontal movement for the camera. Vertical movement and horizontal movement were driven by two stepper motors. Both stepper motors were checked, to ensure the system dynamics. In addition, the control software for the crop image remote acquisition system was developed. For the vertical movement and horizontal movement, the steering, speed, and step size control of stepper motor were realized by an intelligent stepper motor controller with a port of RJ45. For the rotation and pitching motion, the 360° rotation, the four directions moving of PTZ and pitch motion control

  1. Remote system for counting of nuclear pulses; Sistema remoto de conteo de pulsos nucleares

    Nieves V, J.A.; Garcia H, J.M.; Aguilar B, M.A. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Ingenieria Electronica, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)


    In this work, it is describe technically the remote system for counting of nuclear pulses, an integral system of the project radiological monitoring in a petroleum distillation tower. The system acquires the counting of incident nuclear particles in a nuclear detector which process this information and send it in serial form, using the RS-485 toward a remote receiver, which can be a Personal computer or any other device capable to interpret the communication protocol. (Author)

  2. Amplified OTDR systems for multipoint corrosion monitoring.

    Nascimento, Jehan F; Silva, Marcionilo J; Coêlho, Isnaldo J S; Cipriano, Eliel; Martins-Filho, Joaquim F


    We present two configurations of an amplified fiber-optic-based corrosion sensor using the optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) technique as the interrogation method. The sensor system is multipoint, self-referenced, has no moving parts and can measure the corrosion rate several kilometers away from the OTDR equipment. The first OTDR monitoring system employs a remotely pumped in-line EDFA and it is used to evaluate the increase in system reach compared to a non-amplified configuration. The other amplified monitoring system uses an EDFA in booster configuration and we perform corrosion measurements and evaluations of system sensitivity to amplifier gain variations. Our experimental results obtained under controlled laboratory conditions show the advantages of the amplified system in terms of longer system reach with better spatial resolution, and also that the corrosion measurements obtained from our system are not sensitive to 3 dB gain variations.

  3. Amplified OTDR Systems for Multipoint Corrosion Monitoring

    Joaquim F. Martins-Filho


    Full Text Available We present two configurations of an amplified fiber-optic-based corrosion sensor using the optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR technique as the interrogation method. The sensor system is multipoint, self-referenced, has no moving parts and can measure the corrosion rate several kilometers away from the OTDR equipment. The first OTDR monitoring system employs a remotely pumped in-line EDFA and it is used to evaluate the increase in system reach compared to a non-amplified configuration. The other amplified monitoring system uses an EDFA in booster configuration and we perform corrosion measurements and evaluations of system sensitivity to amplifier gain variations. Our experimental results obtained under controlled laboratory conditions show the advantages of the amplified system in terms of longer system reach with better spatial resolution, and also that the corrosion measurements obtained from our system are not sensitive to 3 dB gain variations.

  4. The Design and Implementation of a Remote Fault Reasoning Diagnosis System for Meteorological Satellites Data Acquisition

    Zhu Jie


    Full Text Available Under the background of the trouble shooting requirements of FENGYUN-3 (FY-3 meteorological satellites data acquisition in domestic and oversea ground stations, a remote fault reasoning diagnosis system is developed by Java 1.6 in eclipse 3.6 platform. The general framework is analyzed, the workflow is introduced. Based on the system, it can realize the remote and centralized monitoring of equipment running status in ground stations,triggering automatic fault diagnosis and rule based fault reasoning by parsing the equipment quality logs, generating trouble tickets and importing expert experience database, providing text and graphics query methods. Through the practical verification, the system can assist knowledge engineers in remote precise and rapid fault location with friendly graphical user interface, boost the fault diagnosis efficiency, enhance the remote monitoring ability of integrity operating control system. The system has a certain practical significance to improve reliability of FY-3 meteorological satellites data acquisition.

  5. Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation

    De Las Heras, E.; Lastra, D. [INDRA Sistemas, S.A., Unidad de Sistemas de Control, Madrid (Spain); Vega, J.; Castro, R. [Association Euratom CIEMAT for Fusion, Madrid (Spain); Ruiz, M.; Barrera, E. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)


    INDRA is the first Information Technology company in Spain and it presents here, through a series of transparencies, its own approach for the remote experimentation architecture for long pulses (REAL). All the architecture is based on Java-2 platform standards and REAL is a totally open architecture. By itself REAL offers significant advantages: -) access authentication and authorization under multiple security implementations, -) local or remote network access: LAN, WAN, VPN..., -) on-line access to acquisition systems for monitoring and configuration, -) scalability, flexibility, robustness, platform independence,.... The BeansNet implementation of REAL gives additional good things such as: -) easy implementation, -) graphical tool for service composition and configuration, -) availability and hot-swap (no need of stopping or restarting services after update or remodeling, and -) INDRA support. The implementation of BeansNet at the TJ-2 stellarator at Ciemat is presented. This document is made of the presentation transparencies. (A.C.)

  6. Mixing height determination using remote sensing systems. General remarks

    Beyrich, F. [BTU Cottbus, LS Umweltmeteorologie, Cottbus (Germany)


    Remote sensing systems can be considered today as a real alternative to classical soundings with respect to the MH (mixing height) determination. They have the basic advantage to allow continuous monitoring of the ABL (atmospheric boundary layer). Some technical issues which limit their operational use at present should be solved in the near future (frequency allocation, eye safety, costs). Taking into account specific operating conditions and the formulated-above requirements of a sounding system to be used for MH determination it becomes obvious that none of the available systems meets all of them, i.e., the `Mixing height-meter` does not exist. Therefore, reliable MH determination under a wide variety of conditions can be achieved only by integrating different instruments into a complex sounding system. The S-profiles provide a suitable data base for MH estimation from all types of remote sensing instruments. The criteria to deduce MH-values from these profiles should consider the structure type and the evolution stage of the ABL as well as the shape of the profiles. A certain kind of harmonization concerning these criteria should be achieved. MH values derived automatically from remote sensing data appear to be not yet reliable enough for direct operational use, they should be in any case critically examined by a trained analyst. Contemporary mathematical methods (wavelet transforms, fuzzy logics) are supposed to allow considerable progress in this field in the near future. (au) 19 refs.

  7. The Remote Monitoring System Based on Wireless Digital Radio Portal Crane Machine Operation%基于无线数传电台的门机操作远程监控系统

    熊见林; 刘清; 沈成建; 刘光明


    基于港口装卸作业过程中操作监控系统的远程实时监控和分析,提出了基于数传电台的解决方案.系统主要由后台管理计算机平台、系统支撑软件(Windows 2000 Server操作系统、SQL Server2008商业数据库等)和采用C8051F020单片机研制的门机操作记录终端构成,通过数传电台的无线数据通信,实现门机操作记录的数据实时发送到后台管理计算机,从而便于管理人员实时掌握门机司机的作业情况,以便及时做出相应的调度和调配.系统经过实际应用,安装和维护成本低、可扩展性强,数据传输实时性好.%This article is the process of loading and unloading port operations monitoring system, remote real-time monitoring and analysis is proposed based on digital radio solutions. The system is composed of background management computer platform, system support software (Windows 2000 Server operating system, SQL Server2000 commercial databases, etc. ) and developed using C8051F020 microcontroller operating records of the terminal gate structure, through digital radio wireless data communications, to achieve Portal Crane operation real-time data record sent to the admin computer, thus facilitating management of drivers to real-time control door operating conditions in order to make appropriate and timely scheduling and deployment. The system is practical, low cost installation and maintenance, scalability, strong, good real-time data transmission.

  8. Application of multi-parameter remote monitoring and forecasting system for cut slope during construction period%路堑边坡施工期多参数远程监测预警系统应用

    钟佳迅; 庹先国; 张兆义; 王洪辉; 张贵宇


    山区高速公路路堑边坡在开挖过程中极可能发生坡体滑动、坍塌,甚至小规模崩塌现象,开发一种路堑边坡施工期多参数远程监测预警系统,保障工程施工期间施工方和当地群众的人身、财产安全显得极为重要.运用多种传感器技术实时地获取施工期间边坡倾斜度、位移和降雨量的变化情况,结合通用分组无线业务(GPRS)和手机短信服务(SMS)技术通过无线方式与上位机进行通信,建立被监测对象各类信息变化的数据库和网络发布平台,同时利用客户端管理软件对危险信息进行预警.通过在毕威高速公路的安装运行,系统成功地在施工期进行了监测预警,避免了不必要的人员伤亡和财产损失.%It is likely to occur slope sliding,caving in,and even small-scale collapse when the mountain highway cut slope in the excavation process. So it is extremely important to develop the multi-parameter remote monitoring and forecasting system for cut slope during the construction period to protect personal and property safety. A variety of sensor technology is used to access the tilt, displacement and rainfall of the slope in construction period, combined with GPRS and SMS technology to communicate with the host computer, and establishs platform of the monitored database and the web publishing. At the same time release the warning dangerous information. The monitoring and forecasting system has been successfully applied to Ri-Wei highway during the construction period, and avoided unnecessary personal and property losses.

  9. Remote monitoring and security alert based on motion detection using mobile

    Suganya Devi, K.; Srinivasan, P.


    Background model does not have any robust solution and constitutes one of the main problems in surveillance systems. The aim of the paper is to provide a mobile based security to a remote monitoring system through a WAP using GSM modem. It is most designed to provide durability and versatility for a wide variety of indoor and outdoor applications. It is compatible with both narrow and band networks and provides simultaneous image detection. The communicator provides remote control, event driven recording, including pre-alarm and post-alarm and image motion detection. The web cam allowing them to be mounted either to a ceiling or wall without requiring bracket, with the use of web cam. We could continuously monitoring status in the client system through the web. If any intruder arrives in the client system, server will provide an alert to the mobile (what we are set in the message that message send to the authorized person) and the client can view the image using WAP.

  10. Design of Remote Monitoring System in Smart Home Based on DSP%基于DSP的智能家居远程监控系统的设计

    霍银龙; 赵芙生


    针对传统智能家居系统的不足之处,提出了基于DSP的智能家居远程监控系统设计方案,并对该方案进行了具体设计.该系统由智能家居终端、控制中心、客户端三部分组成,智能家居控制中心与终端之间是基于ZigBee的无线连接方式,与客户端之间是基于GPRS和lnternet连接方式.本系统具有软硬件资源丰富,成本低,功耗小,便于扩展、升级等优点,具有一定实用价值.%Because the deficiencies exsit in the traditional smart house system, this paper puts for ward the design scheme of smart house system based on DSP and carries out its special design. The system includes smart house terminaes, smart house control centre and client terminaes. The smart house control centre is communicated with the terminaes based on the ZigBee wireless mode , and the centre with the smart house client temtinaes based on the GPRS and Internet. The system has the advantages of abundant hardware and software resourece.low cost, easy expansion, upgrade and maintenance, and practical application value.

  11. Visualization System of Immersed Tube Tunnel Construction Based on Remote Real-time Monitoring%基于远程实时监测的高烈度区沉管隧道施工可视化系统

    于凯; 左自波; 王颖轶; 黄醒春


    In the process of immersed tube tunnel construction,floating and sinking are among the main priorities carried out underwater.The current construction technology cannot adequately or accurately control the floating and sinking processes,because the construction is carried out-un-derwater.The result of this is the work must be done by hand.The visualization system of im-mersed tube tunnel construction based on remote real-time monitoring is helpful in assisting with the measurements in construction sites and checking the results of diving operations for the dis-tance of abutting points.This makes this visualization system greatly significant and useful in maintaining the safety and management of the construction in the immersed tube tunnel.The con-struction is unique because of its floating and sinking processes.In this paper,a series of key tech-nologies are employed and integrated,including the establishment of the measuring point coordi-nate system making use of GPS and accurately converting coordinates,the use of the PSM config-uration,visualization technology based on VTK,Autodesk 3DS Studio MAX,model-driven data, Microsoft SQL Server Express,and others.A three-dimensional visualization system of immersed tube tunnel construction based on remote real-time monitoring is designed and developed by com-bining these key technologies.The system includes a GPS testing system in the pipe section and a dip angle system in the construction site for the processes of floating and sinking.The database of Microsoft SQL Server Express is included in the control center,along with the SOAP Web Service protocol communication.More specifically,the system can display the real-time situation of a sec-tion of pipe on the construction site,inquire about a great deal of information concerning the pipe section,and play back any time sequence of the construction process.The presented visualization system realizes the function of remote real-time monitoring for the tube’s floating and

  12. Explore the Remote Monitoring System Based on 4G Network%基于4G网络的远程监控系统的探索



    The traditional video surveillance system via copper cable, fiber optic cable to transmit video signals, will be constrained by many factors, the construction and maintenance require a large investment; while the upload speed 3G network failed to meet the bandwidth requirements of high-definition video signal transmission , network broadband wireless video transmission system construction becomes the bottleneck. Therefore, the 4G network video surveillance system application is very important. With the popularity of 4G technology, because of its large upstream bandwidth, low latency characteristics, making breakthroughs in high-definition video surveillance network via wireless transmission bottlenecks as possible, to promote the further development of wireless video transmission system.%传统的视频监控系统通过铜缆、光缆传输视频信号,会受到多种因素的制约,建设和维护方面都需要较大的投入;而3G 网络上传速率未能达到高清视频信号传输的带宽要求,网络宽带成为无线视频传输系统建设的瓶颈。因此,对4G网络视频监控系统的应用就显得十分重要。随着4G技术的普及,因其具有上行带宽大、时延小的特点,使得通过无线传输突破高清视频监控网络瓶颈成为了可能,促进了无线视频传输系统的进一步发展。

  13. The Danish Marine Monitoring System

    Ærtebjerg, G.


    Indeholder abstracts fra Workshop on Marine Monitoring Systems and Technology, Risø, 17-18 April 1996.......Indeholder abstracts fra Workshop on Marine Monitoring Systems and Technology, Risø, 17-18 April 1996....

  14. 基于 GPS/GPRS的客车远程监控系统设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Vehicle Remote Monitoring System Based on GPS/GPRS

    卜峰; 李传江; 李欢; 陆雍南


    The remote monitoring system for bus based on GPS and GPRS is proposed,which can supervise the speed,location of a bus, and the actual number of passengers on it remotely.It consists of a vehicle terminal and a monitoring software of upper computer.The vehi-cle terminal uses STM32F103 MCU for acquisition and processing of the vehicle passenger number,the emergency alarm information,the latitude and longitude data from GPS,and uses GPRS chip,SIM908,sending the informations to the specified Internet server based on TCP/UDP protocal.PC monitoring software was developed by VS2008and QT4jointly.It loads the SQL database,reads informations from Inter-net server,displays and saves them.At the same time,it calls Google Maps according to the latitude and longitude information from GPS, shows bus location intuitively.And users can also call database to view the data record.Validated by many experiments,the system run stably and has accurate positioning,that the measuring accuracy of the number of passengers up to 99%.%设计一种基于 GPS/GPRS的客车远程监控系统,能够远程监控客车实载人数、速度、位置等信息,有效地提高了客车、特别是校车的行驶安全;系统由车载终端和上位机监控两部分组成;车载终端运用 STM32F103单片机采集处理 GPS经纬度、车载人数、速度、紧急报警等信息,并由 GPRS芯片SIM908根据 TCP/UDP协议发送到指定的Internet网络服务器;上位机监控软件由 VS2008和QT4联合开发而成,并加载 SQL 数据库,能够实现读取Internet服务器信息并显示和保存,同时根据读取的 GPS 经纬度信息调用google地图,直观地显示客车位置,用户还可以调用数据库查看数据历史记录;经过多次实验,系统运行稳定,定位准确,测量人数准确度达到99%。

  15. Design and Implementation of Real Time Remote Supervisory System

    Mr. Mudit Goenka,


    Full Text Available In today’s fast growing communication environment and rapid exchange of data in networking field has triggered us to develop a home based remote supervisory monitoring system. In the present paper the physiological parameters of the patient such as body temperature, ECG, Pulse rate and Oxygen Saturation is displayed in MATLAB graphical user interface which is processed using ARM7 LPC2138. In case any emergency persist and parameters goes abnormal over the optimum level then a buzzer will ring to alert the caretaker. And the vital parameters will be displayed on the patient side computer and an automatic SMS will be sent to the doctor using GSM interface.

  16. A comparison between remote sensing approaches to water extent monitoring

    elmi, omid; javad tourian, mohammad; sneeuw, nico


    Monitoring the variation of water storage in a long period is a primary issue for understanding the impact of climate change and human activities on earth water resources. In order to obtain the change in water volume in a lake and reservoir, in addition to water level, water extent must be repeatedly determined in an appropriate time interval. Optical satellite imagery as a passive system is the main source of determination of coast line change as it is easy to interpret. Optical sensors acquire the reflected energy from the sunlight in various bands from visible to near infrared. Also, panchromatic mode provides more geometric details. Establishing a ratio between visible bands is the most common way of extract coastlines because with this ratio, water and land can be separated directly. Also, since the reflectance value of water is distinctly less than soil in infrared bands, applying a histogram threshold on this band is a effective way of coastline extraction. However, optical imagery is highly vulnerable to occurrence of dense clouds and fog. Moreover, the coastline is hard to detect where it is covered by dense vegetation. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) as an active system provides an alternative source for monitoring the spatial change in coastlines. Two methods for monitoring the shoreline with SAR data have been published. First, the backscatter difference is calculated between two images acquired at different times. Second, the change in coastline is detected by computing the coherence of two SAR images acquired at different times. A SAR system can operate in all weather, so clouds and fog don't impact its efficiency. Also, it can penetrate into the plant canopy. However, in comparison with optical imagery, interpretation of SAR image in this case is relatively hard because of limitation in the number of band and polarization modes, also due to effects caused by speckle noises, slant-range imaging and shadows. The primary aim of this study is a

  17. Using a crowdsourced approach for monitoring water level in a remote Kenyan catchment

    Weeser, Björn; Jacobs, Suzanne; Rufino, Mariana; Breuer, Lutz


    Hydrological models or effective water management strategies only succeed if they are based on reliable data. Decreasing costs of technical equipment lower the barrier to create comprehensive monitoring networks and allow both spatial and temporal high-resolution measurements. However, these networks depend on specialised equipment, supervision, and maintenance producing high running expenses. This becomes particularly challenging for remote areas. Low income countries often do not have the capacity to run such networks. Delegating simple measurements to citizens living close to relevant monitoring points may reduce costs and increase the public awareness. Here we present our experiences of using a crowdsourced approach for monitoring water levels in remote catchments in Kenya. We established a low-cost system consisting of thirteen simple water level gauges and a Raspberry Pi based SMS-Server for data handling. Volunteers determine the water level and transmit their records using a simple text message. These messages are automatically processed and real-time feedback on the data quality is given. During the first year, more than 1200 valid records with high quality have been collected. In summary, the simple techniques for data collecting, transmitting and processing created an open platform that has the potential for reaching volunteers without the need for special equipment. Even though the temporal resolution of measurements cannot be controlled and peak flows might be missed, this data can still be considered as a valuable enhancement for developing management strategies or for hydrological modelling.

  18. Research and Implementation of Remote Video Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web%基于Web的嵌入式远程监控系统的研究与实现

    杨宏; 张志文


    Video monitoring used in every field of social life, and remote video monitor is become the research focus received great attention. In this paper uesd the ARM9 processor as the core, and for it transplant a Linux operating system, then build a Web server, Use the MJPG-streamer streaming server related functions complete image collection, compression, transmission and display. By reducing image resolution, change pixel color depth, image transmission frame rate and the image compression ratio method to reduce the occupied bandwidth data transmission. Solve to probably because the amount of data is too large to network congestion, delay, resulting in Resulting image pause, delay, error, etc. Finally the user can in local Web browser in real time monitoring the distant video images.%视频监控应用于社会生活各个领域,而远程视频监控更是研究的热点受到了极大的关注.文章采用ARM9为核心处理器,在移植Linux操作系统的基础上,搭建Web服务器,利用MJPG-streamer视频流服务器的相关功能,完成图像的采集、压缩、传输、显示.通过采用减小图像分辨率、改变像素色深、图像传输帧率和图像压缩率的方法减小数据传输时占用的带宽.解决了可能因为数据量过大而造成网络拥塞、延迟从而产生图像停顿、延时、误码等问题.最后用户可以在本地Web浏览器中实时监控远端的视频图像.

  19. Monitoring and telemedicine support in remote environments and in human space flight.

    Cermack, M


    The common features of remote environments are geographical separation, logistic problems with health care delivery and with patient retrieval, extreme natural conditions, artificial environment, or combination of all. The exposure can have adverse effects on patients' physiology, on care providers' performance and on hardware functionality. The time to definite treatment may vary between hours as in orbital space flight, days for remote exploratory camp, weeks for polar bases and months to years for interplanetary exploration. The generic system architecture, used in any telematic support, consists of data acquisition, data-processing and storage, telecommunications links, decision-making facilities and the means of command execution. At the present level of technology, a simple data transfer and two-way voice communication could be established from any place on the earth, but the current use of mobile communication technologies for telemedicine applications is still low, either for logistic, economic and political reasons, or because of limited knowledge about the available technology and procedures. Criteria for selection of portable telemedicine terminals in remote terrestrial places, characteristics of currently available mobile telecommunication systems, and the concept of integrated monitoring of physiological and environmental parameters are mentioned in the first section of this paper. The second part describes some aspects of emergency medical support in human orbital spaceflight, the limits of telemedicine support in near-Earth space environment and mentions some open issues related to long-term exploratory missions beyond the low Earth orbit.

  20. Personalized Remote Monitoring of the Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Electronic Implant Devices

    Gokce B. Laleci


    Full Text Available Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIED are gaining popularity in treating patients with heart disease. Remote monitoring through care management systems enables continuous surveillance of such patients by checking device functions and clinical events. These care management systems include decision support capabilities based on clinical guidelines. Data input to such systems are from different information sources including medical devices and Electronic Health Records (EHRs. Although evidence-based clinical guidelines provides numerous benefits such as standardized care, reduced costs, efficient and effective care management, they are currently underutilized in clinical practice due to interoperability problems among different healthcare data sources. In this paper, we introduce the iCARDEA care management system for atrial fibrillation patients with implant devices and describe how the iCARDEA care plan engine executes the clinical guidelines by seamlessly accessing the EHR systems and the CIED data through standard interfaces.


    A. V. Timofeev


    Full Text Available The paper presents new results concerning selection of optimal information fusion formula for ensembles of COTDR channels. Here C-OTDR is a coherent optical time domain reflectometer. Each of these channels provides data for appropriate automatic classifier which is designed to classify the elastic vibration sources in the multiclass case. Those classifiers form a so-called classifiers ensemble. Ensembles of Lipschitz Classifiers were considered. In this case the goal of information fusion is to create an integral classificator designed for effective classification of seismoacoustic target events. The Matching Pursuit Optimization Ensemble Classifiers (MPOEC, the Linear Programming Boosting (LP-Boost (LP-β and LP-B variants, the Multiple Kernel Learning (MKL, and Weighing of Inversely as Lipschitz Constants (WILC approaches were compared. The WILC is a brand new approach to optimal fusion of Lipschitz Classifiers Ensembles. The basics of these methods have been briefly described along with intrinsic features. All of those methods are based on reducing the task of choosing convex hull parameters to a solution of an optimization problem. All of the mentioned approaches can be successfully used for using in the C-OTDR system data processing. Results of practical usage are presented.


    A remote electrochemical biosensor for field monitoring of organophosphate nerve agents is described. The new sensor relies on the coupling of the effective biocatalytic action of organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) with a submersible amperometric probe design. This combination resu...

  3. Coral reef remote sensing a guide for mapping, monitoring and management

    Goodman, James A; Phinn, Stuart R


    This book offers a multi-level examination of remote-sensing technologies for mapping and monitoring coral reef ecosystems, ranging from satellite and airborne imagery to ship-based observation. Includes examples of practical applications of the technologies.

  4. Norwegian remote sensing spectrometry for mapping and monitoring of algal blooms and pollution - NORSMAP-89

    Pettersson, L.H.; Johannessen, O.M.; Frette, O. (Nansen Remote Sensing Center, Bergen (Norway))


    During the late spring of 1988 an extensive bloom of the toxic algae Chrysocromulina polylepis occurred in the Skagerrak region influencing most life in the upper 30 meter of the ocean. The algal front was advected northward with the Norwegian Coastal Current along the coast of southern Norway, where it became a severe threat to the Norwegian seafarming industry. An ad-hoc expert team was established to monitor and forecast the movement of the algae front. Remote sensing of sea surface temperature from the operational US NOAA satellites monitored the movement of the algal front, consistent with a warm ocean front. The lack of any optical remote sensing instrumentation was recognized as a major de-efficiency during this algal bloom. To prepare for similar events in the future Nansen Remote Sensing Center initiated a three week pilot study in the Oslofjord and Skagerrak region, during May 1989. The Canadian Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager (CASI) was installed in the surveillance aircraft. Extensive in situ campaigns was also carried out by the Norwegian Institute for Water Research and Institute of Marine Research. A ship-borne non-imaging spectrometer was operated from the vessels participating in the field campaign. As a contribution from a joint campaign (EISAC '89) between the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Community and the European Space Agency (ESA) both the Canadian Fluorescence Line Imager (FLI) and the US 64-channel GER scanner was operated simultaneously at the NORSMAP 89 test site. Regions of different biological and physical conditions were covered during the pilot study and preliminary analysis are obtained from oil slicks, suspended matter from river, as well as minor algal bloom. The joint analysis of the data collected during the NORSMAP 89 campaign and conclussions will be presented, as well as suggestions for future utilization of airborne spectroscopy systems for operational monitoring of algal bloom and water pollution.

  5. Beyond Monitoring: A Brief Review of the Use of Remote Sensing Technology for Assessing Dryland Sustainability

    Washington-Allen, R. A.


    Drylands cover 41% of the terrestrial surface and provide > $1 trillion in ecosystem services to one-third of the global population, yet are not well studied with estimates of degradation ranging from 10 - 80%. Here I will present an abbreviated history of the use of remote sensing (RS) to monitor Dryland degradation, review contemporary applications, and provide guidance for future directions. These early monitoring attempts (and some recent efforts) assumed the social model of "Tragedy of the Commons" and the ecological model of "the Balance of Nature". These assumptions justified a monitoring approach rather than an assessment, where land degradation was understood to be primarily a function of human action through livestock grazing management. The perceived linear impact of grazing on grassland biomass led to the early development of a remote sensing-based proxy of vegetation response: the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). Many RS studies of Drylands are biased towards the NDVI or variants, whereas the contemporary view of Drylands as complex systems has led to a new synthesis of approaches from ecological modeling, ecohydrology, landscape ecology, and remote sensing that now explicitly confront both multiple drivers that include land-use policy, droughts & floods, fire, and responses that include increased soil erosion and changes in soil quality, landscape composition, pattern, and structure. However, problems still abound including 1) a consensus on the definition of Drylands, 2) the need for time series of drivers to conduct assessments, 3) a lack of understanding of below-ground biomass dynamics, 4) improved mapping of grassland, shrubland, and savanna dryland cover types and their 3D structure. There are new technologies in Dryland RS including multi-frequency ground penetrating radar (GPR), RADAR, IFSAR, LIDAR, and MISR that may lead to the development of new indicators to address these issues.

  6. Hyperspectral Geobotanical Remote Sensing for CO2 Storage Monitoring

    Pickles, W; Cover, W


    This project's goal is to develop remote sensing methods for early detection and spatial mapping, over whole regions simultaneously, of any surface areas under which there are significant CO2 leaks from deep underground storage formations. If large amounts of CO2 gas percolated up from a storage formation below to within plant root depth of the surface, the CO2 soil concentrations near the surface would become elevated and would affect individual plants and their local plant ecologies. Excessive soil CO2 concentrations are observed to significantly affect local plant and animal ecologies in our geothermal exploration, remote sensing research program at Mammoth Mountain CA USA. We also know from our geothermal exploration remote sensing programs, that we can map subtle hidden faults by spatial signatures of altered minerals and of plant species and health distributions. Mapping hidden faults is important because in our experience these highly localized (one to several centimeters) spatial pathways are good candidates for potentially significant CO2 leaks from deep underground formations. The detection and discrimination method we are developing uses primarily airborne hyperspectral, high spatial (3 meter) with 128 band wavelength resolution, visible and near infrared reflected light imagery. We also are using the newly available ''Quickbird'' satellite imagery that has high spatial resolution (0.6 meter for panchromatic images, 2.4 meters for multispectral). We have a commercial provider, HyVista Corp of Sydney Australia, of airborne hyperspectral imagery acquisitions and very relevant image data post processing, so that eventually the ongoing surveillance of CO2 storage fields can be contracted for commercially. In this project we have imaged the Rangely Colorado Oil field and surrounding areas with an airborne hyperspectral visible and near infrared reflected light sensor. The images were analyzed by several methods using the suite of

  7. Land Desertification Monitoring on Tibetan Plateau Using Remote Sensing Technology

    Liu, Z.; Zou, X.; Liu, H.


    As one of the serious ecological environmental problems of the Tibetan plateau, desertification has critically hampered the economic and social development in Tibet, so it is imperative to monitoring the desertification in Tibet area. Due to its 200 thousand km2 vast area and steep terrain, this paper uses multi-source remote sensing image to survey the current situation of land desertification in Tibetan plateau, and study dynamic desertification change on the 10 km2 land between Namucuo lake and Selincuo lake. Data of the 250 meters time-series MODIS-NDVI images, 30 m resolution Landsat TM images and 90 m SRTM DEM data were used. Through the analysis of the relationship between MODIS-NDVI, vegetation growth characteristics and vegetation vertical distribution, this paper chooses the MODIS-NDVI time series data and principal component analysis of the first band (PC1), vegetation coverage(VC), DEM and its derived slope data as indicators for desertification monitoring. Visual interpretation based on 30 m TM image is also used to classify each type of desertification. Using the high temporal resolution data, we can quickly obtain desertification hot spot areas then accurately distinguish each degree of desertification with high spatial resolution images. The results are: (1) The desertification area in Tibetan plateau in 2008 is 218,286 km2, which is 18.91% of the total area, and mainly distributed in the Ali region, next by Nagqu and Xigaze. The severe desertification land area is 8,866 km2 ( 4.06% of the desertified land), of which the mobile dune area is 3224 km2, heavy saline area is 5641 km2. Moderate desertified land area is 110,915 km2( 50.81% of the desertified land), of which semi-fixed sand dune area is 10,075 km2 and the bare sand area is 100,839 km2. Mild desertified land area is 98,504 km2 ( 45.12% of the desertified land), of which the fixed dune area is 4,177 km2 and the half bare gravel area is 94,326 km2. (2) By using GIS spatial analysis, westudied

  8. 多机器人远程监控系统的多智能体控制结构%Multi-Agent Control Structure of Multi-robot Remote Monitoring System

    刘鑫; 于振中; 郑为凑; 惠晶


    针对多机器人远程监控系统信息错综复杂、协作不稳定的问题,建立基于多智能体(Multi-Agent)技术的系统体系结构,描述系统各组件之间的信息交互关系,优化人-机智能分配。分析系统物理结构的特点,提出一种基于 Multi-Agent 技术的共享控制系统分层体系结构,结合黑板结构和点对点结构,给出 Multi-Agent 的混合通信模型。针对遥操作系统的特点,设计一种混合型Agent 体系结构,举例研究 Agent 的实现方法。通过多操作者控制机器人保持队形的实验,验证了该混合型 Agent 体系结构的实用性和有效性。%According to the problem of multi-robot intricate and multi-robot collaboration unstable for remote monitoring system of multi-mobile robot, a system architecture based on multi-Agent technology can be established to optimize the man-machine intelligence allocation and to give a clear description of the various components of the system. By the analysis of the physical structure of the system, the architecture of hierarchical system based on share control mode of multi-Agent is proposed and a mixed communication model of multi-Agent combining the blackboard architecture and peer-to-peer structure is designed. According to the characteristics of the teleoperation system, a hybrid Agent architecture is designed. An example of the realization of the Agent is given, and an experiment that multi-operator keep robots controlled in line is designed to verify the effectiveness of the hybrid Agent architecture.

  9. Health Care Utilization and Expenditures Associated With Remote Monitoring in Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices.

    Ladapo, Joseph A; Turakhia, Mintu P; Ryan, Michael P; Mollenkopf, Sarah A; Reynolds, Matthew R


    Several randomized trials and decision analysis models have found that remote monitoring may reduce health care utilization and expenditures in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), compared with in-office monitoring. However, little is known about the generalizability of these findings to unselected populations in clinical practice. To compare health care utilization and expenditures associated with remote monitoring and in-office monitoring in patients with CIEDs, we used Truven Health MarketScan Commercial Claims and Medicare Supplemental Databases. We selected patients newly implanted with an implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D), or permanent pacemaker (PPM), in 2009, who had continuous health plan enrollment 2 years after implantation. Generalized linear models and propensity score matching were used to adjust for confounders and estimate differences in health care utilization and expenditures in patients with remote or in-office monitoring. We identified 1,127; 427; and 1,295 pairs of patients with a similar propensity for receiving an ICD, CRT-D, or PPM, respectively. Remotely monitored patients with ICDs experienced fewer emergency department visits resulting in discharge (p = 0.050). Remote monitoring was associated with lower health care expenditures in office visits among patients with PPMs (p = 0.025) and CRT-Ds (p = 0.006) and lower total inpatient and outpatient expenditures in patients with ICDs (p monitoring of patients with CIEDs may be associated with reductions in health care utilization and expenditures compared with exclusive in-office care.

  10. Fundamentals for remote condition monitoring of offshore wind turbines

    McGugan, Malcolm; Larsen, Gunner Chr.; Sørensen, Bent F.

    mobile sensors), fibre optics (including a new microbend transducer design and various Bragg-grating based applications), wireless approaches involving both battery and energy harvesting options, and inertia sensor based system identification approaches able to deal with linear periodic systems......In the future, large wind turbines will be placed offshore in considerable numbers. Since access will be difficult and costly, it is preferable to use monitoring systems to reduce the reliance on manual inspection. The motivation for the effort reported here is to create the fundamental basis...... of the wind turbine blades that can integrate with existing SCADA tools to improve management of large offshore wind farms, and optimise the manual inspection/maintenance effort. Various sensor types, which have previously been identified as technically (and economically) capable of detecting the early...

  11. [Remote Slit Lamp Microscope Consultation System Based on Web].

    Chen, Junfa; Zhuo, Yong; Liu, Zuguo; Chen, Yanping


    To realize the remote operation of the slit lamp microscope for department of ophthalmology consultation, and visual display the real-time status of remote slit lamp microscope, a remote slit lamp microscope consultation system based on B/S structure is designed and implemented. Through framing the slit lamp microscope on the website system, the realtime acquisition and transmission of remote control and image data is realized. The three dimensional model of the slit lamp microscope is established and rendered on the web by using WebGL technology. The practical application results can well show the real-time interactive of the remote consultation system.

  12. Bluetooth-based sensor networks for remotely monitoring the physiological signals of a patient.

    Zhang, Ying; Xiao, Hannan


    Integrating intelligent medical microsensors into a wireless communication network makes it possible to remotely collect physiological signals of a patient, release the patient from being tethered to monitoring medical instrumentations, and facilitate the patient's early hospital discharge. This can further improve life quality by providing continuous observation without the need of disrupting the patient's normal life, thus reducing the risk of infection significantly, and decreasing the cost of the hospital and the patient. This paper discusses the implementation issues, and describes the overall system architecture of our developed Bluetooth sensor network for patient monitoring and the corresponding heart activity sensors. It also presents our approach to developing the intelligent physiological sensor nodes involving integration of Bluetooth radio technology, hardware and software organization, and our solutions for onboard signal processing.

  13. Micro-controller based Remote Monitoring using Mobile through Spoken Commands

    Naresh P Jawarkar


    Full Text Available Mobile phone can serve as powerful tool for world-wide communication. A system is developed to remotely monitor process through spoken commands using mobile. Mel cepstrum features are extracted from spoken words. Learning Vector Quantization Neural Network is used for recognition of various words used in the command. The accuracy of spoken commands is about 98%. A text message is generated and sent to control system mobile in form of SMS. On receipt of SMS, control system mobile informs AVR micro-controller based card, which performs specified task. The system alerts user in case of occurrence of any abnormal conditions like power failure, loss of control, etc. Other applications where this approach can be extended are also discussed.

  14. Depth Perception In Remote Stereoscopic Viewing Systems

    Diner, Daniel B.; Von Sydow, Marika


    Report describes theoretical and experimental studies of perception of depth by human operators through stereoscopic video systems. Purpose of such studies to optimize dual-camera configurations used to view workspaces of remote manipulators at distances of 1 to 3 m from cameras. According to analysis, static stereoscopic depth distortion decreased, without decreasing stereoscopitc depth resolution, by increasing camera-to-object and intercamera distances and camera focal length. Further predicts dynamic stereoscopic depth distortion reduced by rotating cameras around center of circle passing through point of convergence of viewing axes and first nodal points of two camera lenses.

  15. Remote Intelligent Identification System of Structural Damage

    RAO Wenbi; ZHANG Xiang; Bostrm Henrik


    The focus of this paper is to build the damage identify system, which performs "system identification" to detect the positions and extents of structural damages.The identification of structural damage can be characterized as a nonlinear process which linear prediction models such as linear regression are not suitable.However, neural network techniques may provide an effective tool for system identification.The method of damage identification using the radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) is presented in this paper.Using this method, a simple reinforced concrete structure has been tested both in the absence and presence of noise.The results show that the RBFNN identification technology can be used with related success for the solution of dynamic damage identification problems, even in the presence of a noisy identify data.Furthermore, a remote identification system based on that is set up with Java Technologies.

  16. 21 CFR 892.5700 - Remote controlled radionuclide applicator system.


    ... electromechanical or pneumatic device intended to enable an operator to apply, by remote control, a radionuclide... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remote controlled radionuclide applicator system... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 892.5700 Remote controlled...

  17. Cyber security strategies based on HMAC in electric power remote monitoring and control system%基于HMAC算法的远程电力监控通信安全策略

    黄梦婕; 胥布工


    In order to solve cyber security problems in electric power remote monitoring and control system, a scheme based on Hash message authentication code algorithm (HMAC) is introduced. Important functions such as message authentication, message integrity, message replay resistance, user authentication, role-based authorization limit and user-based audit log collecting are designed and realized in the scheme, which fully considers the limitation of embedded electric power terminal unit. Finally, experiments prove the feasibility and safety of the scheme. It can resist external threats like message modification, masquerade, message replay and internal threats like unauthorized access and exceeding authority.%针对我国远程电力监控通信系统的安全问题,提出了基于哈希认证码算法(HMAC)的安全方案.充分考虑了实时嵌入式电网终端设备的局限性,设计和实现了数据来源真实性和数据完整性验证、用户身份认证、基于角色的操作权限限制和基于用户ID的审计等重要的安全功能.通过实验验证了该方案的可行性和安全性,它可以抵御电网通信中存在的数据篡改、伪造攻击、重放攻击等外部威胁和非法用户操作、用户越权操作等内部威胁.

  18. 卫星小站远程监控系统通信协议设计与实现%Communication Protocol Design and Realization for the Very Small Aperture Terminal Satellite Station Remote Monitoring System

    贾本凯; 庄卉; 王国平; 郭随平; 陈志禄


    For the larger internet delay and higher data packet loss rate of telephone lines, we researched and designed communication protocol for the VSAT satellite station remote monitoring system. We designed 5 categories data frames 46 strips by referencing connection o-riented service serial interface communication protocol system structure and adopting classification first and definition after method. Referencing 802.3 protocol, we designed error retransmission to guarantee the reliability for data frame transmission, by using the data buffer and o-vertime setting. According to the VSAT station parameters actual reading and writing operation, we designed the data frames workflow, make sure the ultimate realization of the system communication protocol design. The test results show that the system communication protocol we designed can ensure system data safe, reliable and correct transmission.%针对电话线路网络延时较大和数据丢包率较高的情况,对VSAT卫星小站远程监控系统通信协议进行了设计研究;借鉴面向连接服务串口通信协议体系结构,采用先分类后定义的方法,设计了5类共46条数据帧;参照802.3协议,利用数据缓冲和超时设置对数据帧可靠性传输进行了出错重传设计;根据VSAT小站参数实际读写操作方式,对数据帧的工作流程进行设计,确保系统通信协议设计的最终实现;测试结果表明:设计的通信协议能够保障系统数据安全可靠正确地传输.

  19. Improving Inland Water Quality Monitoring through Remote Sensing Techniques

    Igor Ogashawara


    Full Text Available Chlorophyll-a (chl-a levels in lake water could indicate the presence of cyanobacteria, which can be a concern for public health due to their potential to produce toxins. Monitoring of chl-a has been an important practice in aquatic systems, especially in those used for human services, as they imply an increased risk of exposure. Remote sensing technology is being increasingly used to monitor water quality, although its application in cases of small urban lakes is limited by the spatial resolution of the sensors. Lake Thonotosassa, FL, USA, a 3.45-km2 suburban lake with several uses for the local population, is being monitored monthly by traditional methods. We developed an empirical bio-optical algorithm for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS daily surface reflectance product to monitor daily chl-a. We applied the same algorithm to four different periods of the year using 11 years of water quality data. Normalized root mean squared errors were lower during the first (0.27 and second (0.34 trimester and increased during the third (0.54 and fourth (1.85 trimesters of the year. Overall results showed that Earth-observing technologies and, particularly, MODIS products can also be applied to improve environmental health management through water quality monitoring of small lakes.

  20. A Novel Method for Enhancing Network Monitoring in Remote Medical Applications Using Software Defined Networks

    Mohammad Reza Parsaei


    Full Text Available The most important way for providing health in a large population, particularly developing countries, is developing efficient health care services such that everyone can use the services equally and justly. Telemedicine is a new area which uses modern communication technology for exchanging medical information. This communication might be between a patient and a doctor or two medical centers for consultation. Implementation of a Telemedicine system requires creating the necessary infrastructures, among which network monitoring is one of the most important ones. From hundreds to thousands of computers, hubs to switched networks, and Ethernet to either ATM or 10Gbps Ethernet, administrators need more sophisticated network traffic monitoring and analysis tools in order to deal with development. These tools are needed, not only to fix network problems on time, but also to prevent network failure, to detect inside and outside threats, and make good decisions for network planning. In this paper, a comprehensive survey on Telemedicine and network monitoring is performed. Afterward, network monitoring techniques and methods in current networks are discussed. Finally, an efficient architecture based on Software Defined Networks (SDNs in remote surgical applications is presented which significantly improves monitoring of the communication networks. The results showed the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  1. Long-Term Monitoring of Desert Land and Natural Resources and Application of Remote Sensing Technologies

    Hamada, Yuki [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Rollins, Katherine E. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)


    Monitoring environmental impacts over large, remote desert regions for long periods of time can be very costly. Remote sensing technologies present a promising monitoring tool because they entail the collection of spatially contiguous data, automated processing, and streamlined data analysis. This report provides a summary of remote sensing products and refinement of remote sensing data interpretation methodologies that were generated as part of the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Solar Energy Program. In March 2015, a team of researchers from Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) collected field data of vegetation and surface types from more than 5,000 survey points within the eastern part of the Riverside East Solar Energy Zone (SEZ). Using the field data, remote sensing products that were generated in 2014 using very high spatial resolution (VHSR; 15 cm) multispectral aerial images were validated in order to evaluate potential refinements to the previous methodologies to improve the information extraction accuracy.

  2. The Fundamental Framework of Remote Sensing Validation System

    Jiang, X.-G.; Xi, X.-H.; Wu, M.-J.; Li, Z.-L.


    Remote sensing is a very complicated course. It is influenced by many factors, such as speciality of remote sensing sensor, radiant transmission characteristic of atmosphere, work environment of remote sensing platform, data transmission, data reception, data processing, and property of observed object etc. Whether the received data is consistent with the design specifications? Can the data meet the demands of remote sensing applications? How about the accuracy of the data products, retrieval products and application products of remote sensing? It is essential to carry out the validation to assess the data quality and application potential. Validation is effective approach to valuate remote sensing products. It is the significant link between remote sensing data and information. Research on remote sensing validation is very important for sensor development, data quality analysis and control. This paper focuses on the study of remote sensing validation and validation system. Different from the previous work done by other researchers, we study the validation from the viewpoint of systematic engineering considering that validation is involved with many aspects as talked about. Validation is not just a single and simple course. It is complicated system. Validation system is the important part of whole earth observation system. First of all, in this paper the category of remote sensing validation is defined. Remote sensing validation includes not only the data products validation, but also the retrieval products validation and application products validation. Second, the new concept, remote sensing validation system, is proposed. Then, the general framework, software structure and functions of validation system are studied and put forward. The validation system is composed of validation field module, data acquirement module, data processing module, data storage and management module, data scaling module, and remote sensing products validation module. And finally the

  3. 47 CFR 73.1400 - Transmission system monitoring and control.


    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transmission system monitoring and control. 73... be accomplished by either: (i) Direct supervision and control of transmission system parameters by a person at the transmitter site; or (ii) Remote control of the transmission system by a person at the main...


    Hemanta Kumar Kalita


    Full Text Available Non-intrusive remote monitoring of data centre services should be such that it does not require (or minimal modification of legacy code and standard practices. Also, allowing third party agent to sit on every server in a data centre is a risk from security perspective. Hence, use of standard such as SNMPv3 is advocated in this kind of environment. There are many tools (open source or commercial available which uses SNMP; but we observe that most of the tools do not have an essential feature for auto-discovery of network. In this paper we present an algorithm for remote monitoring of services in a data centre. The algorithm has two stages: 1 auto discovery of network topology and 2 data collection from remote machine. Further, we compare SNMP with WBEM and identify some other options for remote monitoring of services and their advantages and disadvantages.

  5. Monitoring the dynamics of an invasive emergent macrophyte community using operational remote sensing data

    Albright, T.P.; Ode, D.J.


    Potamogeton crispus L. (curly pondweed) is a cosmopolitan aquatic macrophyte considered invasive in North America and elsewhere. Its range is expanding and, on individual water bodies, its coverage can be dynamic both within and among years. In this study, we evaluate the use of free and low-cost satellite remote sensing data to monitor a problematic emergent macrophyte community dominated by P. crispus. Between 2000 and 2006, we acquired eight satellite images of 24,000-ha Lake Sharpe, South Dakota (USA). During one of the dates for which satellite imagery was acquired, we sampled the lake for P. crispus and other emergent macrophytes using GPS and photography for documentation. We used cluster analysis to assist in classification of the satellite imagery and independently validated results using the field data. Resulting estimates of emergent macrophyte coverage ranged from less than 20 ha in 2002 to 245 ha in 2004. Accuracy assessment indicated 82% of image pixels were correctly classified, with errors being primarily due to failure to identify emergent macrophytes. These results emphasize the dynamic nature of P. crispus-dominated macrophyte communities and show how they can be effectively monitored over large areas using low-cost remote sensing imagery. While results may vary in other systems depending on water quality and local flora, such an approach could be applied elsewhere and for a variety of macrophyte communities. ?? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010.

  6. Hyperspectral remote sensing and long term monitoring reveal watershed-estuary ecosystem interactions

    Hestir, E. L.; Schoellhamer, D. H.; Santos, M. J.; Greenberg, J. A.; Morgan-King, T.; Khanna, S.; Ustin, S.


    Estuarine ecosystems and their biogeochemical processes are extremely vulnerable to climate and environmental changes, and are threatened by sea level rise and upstream activities such as land use/land cover and hydrological changes. Despite the recognized threat to estuaries, most aspects of how change will affect estuaries are not well understood due to the poorly resolved understanding of the complex physical, chemical and biological processes and their interactions in estuarine systems. Remote sensing technologies such as high spectral resolution optical systems enable measurements of key environmental parameters needed to establish baseline conditions and improve modeling efforts. The San Francisco Bay-Delta is a highly modified estuary system in a state of ecological crisis due to the numerous threats to its sustainability. In this study, we used a combination of hyperspectral remote sensing and long-term in situ monitoring records to investigate how water clarity has been responding to extreme climatic events, anthropogenic watershed disturbances, and submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) invasions. From the long-term turbidity monitoring record, we found that water clarity underwent significant increasing step changes associated with sediment depletion and El Nino-extreme run-off events. Hyperspectral remote sensing data revealed that invasive submerged aquatic pant species have facultative C3 and C4-like photosynthetic pathways that give them a competitive advantage under the changing water clarity conditions of the Bay-Delta system. We postulate that this adaptation facilitated the rapid expansion of SAV following the significant step changes in increasing water clarity caused by watershed disturbances and the 1982-1983 El Nino events. Using SAV maps from hyperspectral remote sensing, we estimate that SAV-water clarity feedbacks were responsible for 20-70% of the increasing water clarity trend in the Bay-Delta. Ongoing and future developments in airborne and

  7. Distributed multisensor processing, decision making, and control under constrained resources for remote health and environmental monitoring

    Talukder, Ashit; Sheikh, Tanwir; Chandramouli, Lavanya


    Previous field-deployable distributed sensing systems for health/biomedical applications and environmental sensing have been designed for data collection and data transmission at pre-set intervals, rather than for on-board processing These previous sensing systems lack autonomous capabilities, and have limited lifespans. We propose the use of an integrated machine learning architecture, with automated planning-scheduling and resource management capabilities that can be used for a variety of autonomous sensing applications with very limited computing, power, and bandwidth resources. We lay out general solutions for efficient processing in a multi-tiered (three-tier) machine learning framework that is suited for remote, mobile sensing systems. Novel dimensionality reduction techniques that are designed for classification are used to compress each individual sensor data and pass only relevant information to the mobile multisensor fusion module (second-tier). Statistical classifiers that are capable of handling missing/partial sensory data due to sensor failure or power loss are used to detect critical events and pass the information to the third tier (central server) for manual analysis and/or analysis by advanced pattern recognition techniques. Genetic optimisation algorithms are used to control the system in the presence of dynamic events, and also ensure that system requirements (i.e. minimum life of the system) are met. This tight integration of control optimisation and machine learning algorithms results in a highly efficient sensor network with intelligent decision making capabilities. The applicability of our technology in remote health monitoring and environmental monitoring is shown. Other uses of our solution are also discussed.

  8. Monitoring of the mercury mining site Almadén implementing remote sensing technologies.

    Schmid, Thomas; Rico, Celia; Rodríguez-Rastrero, Manuel; José Sierra, María; Javier Díaz-Puente, Fco; Pelayo, Marta; Millán, Rocio


    The Almadén area in Spain has a long history of mercury mining with prolonged human-induced activities that are related to mineral extraction and metallurgical processes before the closure of the mines and a more recent post period dominated by projects that reclaim the mine dumps and tailings and recuperating the entire mining area. Furthermore, socio-economic alternatives such as crop cultivation, livestock breeding and tourism are increasing in the area. Up till now, only scattered information on these activities is available from specific studies. However, improved acquisition systems using satellite borne data in the last decades opens up new possibilities to periodically study an area of interest. Therefore, comparing the influence of these activities on the environment and monitoring their impact on the ecosystem vastly improves decision making for the public policy makers to implement appropriate land management measures and control environmental degradation. The objective of this work is to monitor environmental changes affected by human-induced activities within the Almadén area occurring before, during and after the mine closure over a period of nearly three decades. To achieve this, data from numerous sources at different spatial scales and time periods are implemented into a methodology based on advanced remote sensing techniques. This includes field spectroradiometry measurements, laboratory analyses and satellite borne data of different surface covers to detect land cover and use changes throughout the mining area. Finally, monitoring results show that the distribution of areas affected by mercury mining is rapidly diminishing since activities ceased and that rehabilitated mining areas form a new landscape. This refers to mine tailings that have been sealed and revegetated as well as an open pit mine that has been converted to an "artificial" lake surface. Implementing a methodology based on remote sensing techniques that integrate data from

  9. An artificial reality environment for remote factory control and monitoring

    Kosta, Charles Paul; Krolak, Patrick D.


    Work has begun on the merger of two well known systems, VEOS (HITLab) and CLIPS (NASA). In the recent past, the University of Massachusetts Lowell developed a parallel version of NASA CLIPS, called P-CLIPS. This modification allows users to create smaller expert systems which are able to communicate with each other to jointly solve problems. With the merger of a VEOS message system, PCLIPS-V can now act as a group of entities working within VEOS. To display the 3D virtual world we have been using a graphics package called HOOPS, from Ithaca Software. The artificial reality environment we have set up contains actors and objects as found in our Lincoln Logs Factory of the Future project. The environment allows us to view and control the objects within the virtual world. All communication between the separate CLIPS expert systems is done through VEOS. A graphical renderer generates camera views on X-Windows devices; Head Mounted Devices are not required. This allows more people to make use of this technology. We are experimenting with different types of virtual vehicles to give the user a sense that he or she is actually moving around inside the factory looking ahead through windows and virtual monitors.

  10. Remote sensing to monitor cover crop adoption in southeastern Pennsylvania

    Hively, Wells; Sjoerd Duiker,; Greg McCarty,; Prabhakara, Kusuma


    In the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, winter cereal cover crops are often planted in rotation with summer crops to reduce the loss of nutrients and sediment from agricultural systems. Cover crops can also improve soil health, control weeds and pests, supplement forage needs, and support resilient cropping systems. In southeastern Pennsylvania, cover crops can be successfully established following corn (Zea mays L.) silage harvest and are strongly promoted for use in this niche. They are also planted following corn grain, soybean (Glycine max L.), and vegetable harvest. In Pennsylvania, the use of winter cover crops for agricultural conservation has been supported through a combination of outreach, regulation, and incentives. On-farm implementation is thought to be increasing, but the actual extent of cover crops is not well quantified. Satellite imagery can be used to map green winter cover crop vegetation on agricultural fields and, when integrated with additional remote sensing data products, can be used to evaluate wintertime vegetative groundcover following specific summer crops. This study used Landsat and SPOT (System Probatoire d’ Observation de la Terre) satellite imagery, in combination with the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Cropland Data Layer, to evaluate the extent and amount of green wintertime vegetation on agricultural fields in four Pennsylvania counties (Berks, Lebanon, Lancaster, and York) from 2010 to 2013. In December of 2010, a windshield survey was conducted to collect baseline data on winter cover crop implementation, with particular focus on identifying corn harvested for silage (expected earlier harvest date and lower levels of crop residue), versus for grain (expected later harvest date and higher levels of crop residue). Satellite spectral indices were successfully used to detect both the amount of green vegetative groundcover and the amount of crop residue on the surveyed fields. Analysis of wintertime satellite imagery

  11. Interactive computer-enhanced remote viewing system

    Tourtellott, J.A.; Wagner, J.F. [Mechanical Technology Incorporated, Latham, NY (United States)


    Remediation activities such as decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) typically involve materials and activities hazardous to humans. Robots are an attractive way to conduct such remediation, but for efficiency they need a good three-dimensional (3-D) computer model of the task space where they are to function. This model can be created from engineering plans and architectural drawings and from empirical data gathered by various sensors at the site. The model is used to plan robotic tasks and verify that selected paths are clear of obstacles. This report describes the development of an Interactive Computer-Enhanced Remote Viewing System (ICERVS), a software system to provide a reliable geometric description of a robotic task space, and enable robotic remediation to be conducted more effectively and more economically.

  12. Research on reconfigurable collaborative remote diagnosis system

    Yuan Chuming; Chen Youping; Zhang Guohui; Zhou Zude


    The function-layer model and working model of collaborative remote fault diagnosis system (FDS),which includes three layers: task layer, collaboration layer and diagnosing layer, are proposed. The running mechanism of the system is discussed. A collaborative FDS may consist of several subsystems running at different places and the subsystem consists of several function modules. A structure centered on data-bus is adopted in subsystem. All the function modules in subsystem are encapsulated into software intelligent chips (SICs) and SIC can but connect with data-bus. So, it is feasible to reuse these diagnosis function modules and the structure of subsystem in different diagnosis applications. With the reconfigurable SICs, several different function modules can reconstruct quickly some different diagnosis subsystems in different combinations, and some subsystems can also reconfigure a specified collaborative FDS.

  13. Network-Oriented Radiation Monitoring System (NORMS)

    Rahmat Aryaeinejad; David F. Spencer


    We have developed a multi-functional pocket radiation monitoring system capable of detecting and storing gamma ray and neutron data and then sending the data through a wireless connection to a remote central facility upon request. The device has programmable alarm trigger levels that can be modified for specific applications. The device could be used as a stand-alone device or in conjunction with an array to cover a small or large area. The data is stored with a date/time stamp. The device may be remotely configured. Data can be transferred and viewed on a PDA via direct connection or wirelessly. Functional/bench tests have been completed successfully. The device detects low-level neutron and gamma sources within a shielded container in a radiation field of 10 uR/hr above the ambient background level.

  14. Monitoring vegetation responses to drought -- linking Remotely-sensed Drought Indices with Meteorological drought indices

    Wang, H.; Lin, H.; Liu, D.


    Abstract: Effectively monitoring vegetation drought is of great significance in ecological conservation and agriculture irrigation at the regional scale. Combining meteorological drought indices with remotely sensed drought indices can improve tracking vegetation dynamic under the threat of drought. This study analyzes the dynamics of spatially-defined Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index (TVDI) and temporally-defined Vegetation Health Index (VHI) from remotely sensed NDVI and LST datasets in the dry spells in Southwest China. We analyzed the correlation between remotely sensed drought indices and meteorological drought index of different time scales. The results show that TVDI was limited by the spatial variations of LST and NDVI, while VHI was limited by the temporal variations of LST and NDVI. Station-based buffering analysis indicates that the extracted remotely sensed drought indices and Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) could reach stable correlation with buffering radius larger than 35 km. Three factors affect the spatiotemporal relationship between remotely sensed drought indices and SPI: i) different vegetation types; ii) the timescale of SPI; and iii) remote sensing data noise. Vegetation responds differently to meteorological drought at various time scales. The correlation between SPI6 and VHI is more significant than that between SPI6 and TVDI. Spatial consistency between VHI and TVDI varies with drought aggravation. In early drought period from October to December, VHI and TVDI show limited consistency due to the low quality of remotely sensed images. The study helps to improve monitoring vegetation drought using both meteorological drought indices and remotely sensed drought indices.

  15. A digital filter-based approach to the remote condition monitoring of railway turnouts

    Garcia Marquez, Fausto Pedro [ETSII, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real (Spain)]. E-mail:; Schmid, Felix [Railway Research UK, Birmingham University, Birmingham (United Kingdom)


    Railway operations in Europe have changed dramatically since the early 1990s, partly as a result of new European Union Directives. Performance targets have become more and more exacting, due to reductions in state support for railways and the need to increasing traffic. More intensive operations also place greater demands on the hardware of the railway. This is true for both rolling stock and infrastructure subsystems and components, particularly so in the case of the latter where the time available for maintenance is being reduced. The authors of this paper focus on the railway infrastructure, and more specifically on points. These are critical elements whose reliability is key to the operation of the whole system. Using intelligent monitoring systems, it is possible to predict problems and enable quick recovery before component failures disrupt operations. The authors have studied the application of remote condition monitoring to point mechanisms and their operation, and have identified algorithms which may be used to identify incipient failures. In this paper, the authors propose a Kalman filter for the linear discrete data filtering problem encountered when using current sensor data in a point condition monitoring system. The reason for applying Kalman filtering in this study was to increase the reliability of the model presented to the rule-based decision mechanism.

  16. The use of remote sensing for monitoring environmental indicators: The case of the Incomati estuary, Mozambique

    LeMarie, Margarita; van der Zaag, Pieter; Menting, Geert; Baquete, Evaristo; Schotanus, Daniel

    The Incomati river basin is a transboundary basin shared by three countries: South Africa, Mozambique and Swaziland. To assess the water requirements of the environment, as stated in the Tripartite Interim Agreement (TIA) signed by the three riparian countries in Johannesburg in 2002, Mozambique needs to monitor the ecological state of the river, including the estuary. A monitoring system has to be established that can evaluate the environmental fresh water requirements based on appropriate indicators that reflect the health of the Incomati estuary. The estuary of the Incomati has important ecological functions but it also is an important socio-economic resource. Local communities depend on the estuary’s natural resources. Modifications of the river flow regime by upstream developments impact on the productivity of the estuary, diminishing fish and shrimp production, reducing biomass of natural vegetation such as grasses, reeds and mangroves and increasing salt intrusion. A decrease in estuary productivity consequently affects the incomes and living conditions of these communities. Based on an understanding of the effects of different pressures on the estuary ecosystem some indicators for monitoring the environmental state of the estuary are suggested, including the extent and vitality of mangrove forests. This latter indicator is further elaborated in the paper. Remote sensing techniques were used to identify and quantify mangrove forests in two selected areas of the estuary (Xefina Pequeña Island and Benguelene Island). Five satellite images covering a period of 20 years (1984-2003) showed that the area covered by non-degraded mangroves significantly decreased on both islands, by 25% in Xefina Pequeña Island and 40% in Benguelene Island. Moreover, the study of biomass reflection using NDVI also showed a significant decline in biomass densities over the last 20 years. Possible causes of these changes are reviewed: natural rainfall trends, modifications of the

  17. Landfill monitoring using remote sensing: a case study of Glina, Romania.

    Iacoboaea, Cristina; Petrescu, Florian


    Landfill monitoring is one of the most important components of waste management. This article presents a case study on landfill monitoring using remote sensing technology. The study area was the Glina landfill, one of the largest municipal waste disposal sites in Romania. The methodology consisted of monitoring the differences of temperature computed for several distinct waste disposal zones with respect to a ground reference area, all of them located within the landfill site. The remote sensing data used were Landsat satellite multi-temporal data. The differences of temperature were computed using Landsat thermal infrared data. The study confirmed the use of multi-temporal Landsat imagery as a complementary data source.

  18. On-line remote monitoring of radioactive waste repositories

    Calì Claudio


    Full Text Available A low-cost array of modular sensors for online monitoring of radioactive waste was developed at INFN-LNS. We implemented a new kind of gamma counter, based on Silicon PhotoMultipliers and scintillating fibers, that behaves like a cheap scintillating Geiger-Muller counter. It can be placed in shape of a fine grid around each single waste drum in a repository. Front-end electronics and an FPGA-based counting system were developed to handle the field data, also implementing data transmission, a graphical user interface and a data storage system. A test of four sensors in a real radwaste storage site was performed with promising results. Following the tests an agreement was signed between INFN and Sogin for the joint development and installation of a prototype DMNR (Detector Mesh for Nuclear Repository system inside the Garigliano radwaste repository in Sessa Aurunca (CE, Italy. Such a development is currently under way, with the installation foreseen within 2014.

  19. Tools for Distributed Systems Monitoring

    Kufel Łukasz


    Full Text Available The management of distributed systems infrastructure requires dedicated set of tools. The one tool that helps visualize current operational state of all systems and notify when failure occurs is available within monitoring solution. This paper provides an overview of monitoring approaches for gathering data from distributed systems and what are the major factors to consider when choosing a monitoring solution. Finally we discuss the tools currently available on the market.

  20. Remote Query Resonant-Circuit Sensors for Monitoring of Bacteria Growth: Application to Food Quality Control

    Leonidas G. Bachas


    Full Text Available This paper presents a technique for in-situ remote query monitoring of bacteria growth utilizing a printed thin or thick-film sensor comprised of an inductor-capacitor (LC resonant circuit. The sensor, which is placed within the biological medium of interest and remotely detected using a loop antenna, measures the complex permittivity of the medium. Since bacteria growth increases the complex permittivity of a biological medium the LC sensor can be used to determine bacteria concentration. This paper presents results on monitoring of three different bacteria strains, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli JM109, and Pseudomonas putida, demonstrating application of the sensor for monitoring bacteria growth in milk, meat, and beer. Due to its low unit cost and remote query detection, the sensor is potentially useful for commercial scale monitoring of food quality.