Strong constraints of LUX-2016 results on the natural NMSSM
Cao, Junjie; He, Yangle; Shang, Liangliang; Su, Wei; Wu, Peiwen; Zhang, Yang
2016-10-01
Given the fact that the relatively light Higgsino mass μ favored in natural supersymmetry usually results in a sizable scattering cross section between the neutralino dark matter and the nucleon, we study the impact of the recently updated direct detection bounds from LUX experiment, including both Spin Independent (SI) and Spin Dependent (SD) measurements, on the parameter space of natural Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (nNMSSM). Different from the common impression that the SI bound is stronger than the SD one, we find that the SD bound is complementary to the SI bound and in some cases much more powerful than the latter in limiting the nNMSSM scenarios. After considering the LUX results, nNMSSM is severely limited, e.g. for the peculiar scenarios of the NMSSM where the next-to-lightest CP-even Higgs corresponds to the 125GeV Higgs boson discovered at the LHC, the samples obtained in our random scan are excluded by more than 85%. By contrast, the monojet search at the LHC Run-I can not exclude any sample of nNMSSM. We also investigate the current status of nNMSSM and conclude that, although the parameter points with low fine tuning are still attainable, they are distributed in some isolated parameter islands which are difficult to get. Future dark matter direct search experiments such as XENON-1T will provide a better test of nNMSSM.
King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton (United Kingdom); Muehlleitner, Margarete; Walz, Kathrin [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany); Nevzorov, Roman [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2013-07-01
The Higgs sector of the Next-to Minimal Supersymmetric Extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features five neutral Higgs bosons. Compared to the MSSM it is extended by one additional complex singlet field. The discovery of a Higgs-like boson at the LHC last summer opens up the exciting possibility to consider the idea that this might actually be one of the NMSSM Higgs bosons. We study the phenomenology of the NMSSM Higgs sector requiring the presence of a CP-even Higgs boson with a mass close to 126 GeV. To this end we perform a parameter scan and investigate the observable Higgs cross sections into the final states γγ, WW, ZZ, bb and ττ. Our focus is on an enhanced rate into γγ. We discuss where such an enhancement can originate from and study the correlations between the different channels. Our scenarios feature light stop masses, which leads to low fine-tuning, and comply nicely with the LHC results.
Distributions for neutral Higgs production in the NMSSM
Liebler, Stefan; Wiesemann, Marius
2016-01-01
A novel computation of the fully-differential cross section for neutral Higgs-boson production through gluon fusion in the CP-conserving NMSSM is presented. Based on the calculation of NLO corrections to the total cross section [1], we implemented the NMSSM amplitudes in three codes, applying different resummation techniques: analytic transverse-momentum resummation at NLO+NLL, and two fully-differential NLO+PS Monte-Carlo approaches using the MC@NLO and POWHEG matching procedures, respectively. We study phenomenological predictions for distributions in the NMSSM with a special emphasis on the Higgs transverse-momentum spectrum. Reasonable agreement among the various approaches is found, once well-motivated choices for the unphysical matching scales and the determination of the related uncertainties are made.
Lebedev, Oleg; Ramos-Sanchez, Saul
2009-12-15
We study the possibility of constructing the NMSSM from the heterotic string. String derived NMSSMs are much more rare than MSSMs due to the extra requirement that there exist a light singlet which couples to the Higgs pairs. They share the common feature that the singlet self-interactions are typically suppressed, leading to either the ''decoupling'' or to the Peccei-Quinn limit of the NMSSM. In the latter case, the spectrum contains a light pseudoscalar which may be relevant to the MSSM fine-tuning problem.We provide a Z{sub 6} heterotic orbifold example of the NMSSM with approximate Peccei-Quinn symmetry, whose origin lies in the string selection rules combined with our choice of the vacuum configuration. (orig.)
Buttazzo, Dario
2014-01-01
In the motivated hypothesis that the scalar bosons of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) be the lightest new particles around, a possible strategy to search for signs of the extra CP-even states is outlined. It is shown how the measurements of the couplings of the 126 GeV Higgs boson constrain the region of the physical parameters in a generic NMSSM which minimises the fine-tuning of the electroweak scale. We also determine the cross section for the production of a heavier CP-even scalar, together with its most relevant branching ratios.
Strong constraints of LUX-2016 results on the natural NMSSM
Cao, Junjie; Shang, Liangliang; Su, Wei; Wu, Peiwen; Zhang, Yang
2016-01-01
Given the fact that the relatively light Higgsino mass $\\mu$ favored in the natural supersymmetry usually results in a sizable scattering cross section between the neutralino dark matter and the Standard Model nucleon, we study the impact of the recently updated direct detection bounds from LUX experiment, including both Spin Independent (SI) and Spin Dependent (SD) measurements, on the parameter space of natural Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (nNMSSM). Different from the common impression that the SI bound is stronger than the SD one, we find that the SD bound is complementary to the SI bound, and in some cases much more powerful than the latter, in limiting the nNMSSM scenarios. After considering the LUX results, the nNMSSM is severely limited, e.g. for the peculiar scenarios of the NMSSM where the next-to-lightest CP-even Higgs corresponds to the $125\\, {\\rm GeV}$ Higgs boson discovered at the LHC, the samples obtained in our random scan are excluded by more than $85\\%$. By contrast, the mon...
Exploring viable vacua of the Z 3-symmetric NMSSM
Beuria, Jyotiranjan; Chattopadhyay, Utpal; Datta, AseshKrishna; Dey, Abhishek
2017-04-01
We explore the vacua of the Z 3-symmetric Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) and their stability by going beyond the simplistic paradigm that works with a tree-level neutral scalar potential and adheres to some specific flat directions in the field space. We work in the so-called phenomenological NMSSM (pNMSSM) scenario. Also, for our purpose, we adhere to a reasonably `natural' setup by requiring | μ eff| not too large. Key effects are demonstrated by first studying the profiles of this potential under various circumstances of physical interest via a semi-analytical approach. The results thereof are compared to the ones obtained from a dedicated package like Vevacious which further incorporates the thermal effects to the potential. Regions of the pNMSSM parameter space that render the desired symmetry breaking (DSB) vacuum absolutely stable, long- or short-lived (in relation to the age of the Universe) under quantum/thermal tunneling are delineated. Regions that result in the appearance of color and charge breaking (CCB) minima are also presented. It is demonstrated that light singlet scalars along with a light LSP (lightest supersymmetric particle) having an appreciable singlino admixture are compatible with a viable DSB vacuum. Their implications for collider experiments are commented upon.
Superconformal Symmetry, NMSSM, and Inflation
Ferrara, Sergio; Linde, Andrei; Marrani, Alessio; Van Proeyen, Antoine
2011-01-01
We identify a particularly simple class of supergravity models describing superconformal coupling of matter to supergravity. In these models, which we call the canonical superconformal supergravity (CSS) models, the kinetic terms in the Jordan frame are canonical, and the scalar potential is the same as in the global theory. The pure supergravity part of the total action has a local Poincare supersymmetry, whereas the chiral and vector multiplets coupled to supergravity have a larger local superconformal symmetry. The scale-free globally supersymmetric theories, such as the NMSSM with a scale-invariant superpotential, can be naturally embedded into this class of theories. After the supergravity embedding, the Jordan frame scalar potential of such theories remains scale free; it is quartic, it contains no mass terms, no nonrenormalizable terms, no cosmological constant. The local superconformal symmetry can be broken by additional terms, which, in the small field limit, are suppressed by the gravitational coup...
Electroweak Supersymmetry (EWSUSY) in the NMSSM
Cheng, Taoli
2013-01-01
To explain all the available experimental results, we have proposed the Electroweak Supersymmetry (EWSUSY) previously, where the squarks and/or gluino are heavy around a few TeVs while the sleptons, sneutrinos, Bino, Winos, and/or Higgsinos are light within one TeV. In the Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), we perform the systematic \\chi^2 analyses on parameter space scan for three EWSUSY scenarios: (I) R-parity conservation and one dark matter candidate; (II) R-parity conservation and multi-component dark matter; (III) R-parity violation. We obtain the minimal \\chi^2/(degree of freedom) of 10.2/15, 9.6/14, and 9.2/14 respectively for Scenarios I, II, and III. Considering the constraints from the LHC neutralino/chargino and slepton searches, we find that the majority of viable parameter space prefered by the muon anomalous magnetic moment has been excluded except for the parameter space with moderate to large \\tan\\beta (\\ge 8). Especially, the most favorable parameter space has relatively ...
A new implementation of the NMSSM Higgs boson decays
Spira M.
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Supersymmetric theories provide elegant extensions of the Standard Model. Among these the NMSSM is a model which in addition to the content of the MSSM includes a new singlet to solve the μ problem. We present here the basic features of the NMSSM Higgs sector and a new Fortran implementation of the decays of the Higgs bosons in the NMSSM, both with real and complex parameters.
Higgs-boson masses and mixing matrices in the NMSSM
Drechsel, P.; Gröber, R.; Heinemeyer, S.
2017-01-01
We analyze the Higgs-boson masses and mixing matrices in the NMSSM based on an on-shell (OS) renormalization of the gauge-boson and Higgs-boson masses and the parameters of the top/scalar top sector. We compare the implementation of the OS calculations in the codes NMSSMCALC and NMSSM-FeynHiggs up...
Idealism and realism in International Relations: an ontological debate
Vitor Ramon Fernandes
2016-11-01
Full Text Available The debate between realism and idealism continues to mark the discipline of International Relations. On the one hand, realism argues that international politics is a struggle for power and a quest for survival, which results in a condition of permanent conflict between States without any possibility of evolution or progress. On the other hand, idealism considers it possible to build a world of peaceful coexistence, prosperity and well-being, achieved through cooperation and based on values and aspirations shared by humans. The object of this article is to analyse the debate between idealism and realism, considering it as an ontological debate and taking into account the controversy it has generated. The argument presented here is that both realism and idealism are two responses to the creation and maintenance of international order, that is, how States relate in international society; however these responses are not mutually exclusive and can coexist in constant tension with one another. An analysis of internationalist thought of two authors, Hans Morgenthau and Raymond Aron, is also presented, which relates to how they are positioned in this debate as well as International Relations as a whole.
Light Higgs bosons in phenomenological NMSSM
Mahmoudi, F. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Clermont Univ., CNRS/IN2P3, LPC, Clermont-Ferrand (France); Rathsman, J. [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). High-Energy Physics; Lund Univ. (Sweden). Theoretical High Energy Physics; Staal, O. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Zeune, L. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Goettingen Univ. (Germany). II. Physikalisches Inst.
2010-12-15
We consider scenarios in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM) where the CP-odd and charged Higgs bosons are very light. As we demonstrate, these can be obtained as simple deformations of existing phenomenological MSSM benchmarks scenarios with parameters defined at the weak scale. This offers a direct and meaningful comparison to the MSSM case. Applying a wide set of up-to-date constraints from both high-energy collider and flavour physics, the Higgs boson masses and couplings are studied in viable parts of parameter space. The LHC phenomenology of the light Higgs scenario for neutral and charged Higgs boson searches is discussed. (orig.)
Electroweak Supersymmetry (EWSUSY) in the NMSSM
Cheng, Taoli; Li, Tianjun
2013-01-01
To explain all the available experimental results, we have proposed the Electroweak Supersymmetry (EWSUSY) previously, where the squarks and/or gluino are heavy around a few TeVs while the sleptons, sneutrinos, Bino, Winos, and/or Higgsinos are light within one TeV. In the Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), we perform the systematic \\chi^2 analyses on parameter space scan for three EWSUSY scenarios: (I) R-parity conservation and one dark matter candidate; (II) R-parity con...
Invisible Higgs Decays to Hooperons in the NMSSM
Butter, Anja; Rauch, Michael; Zerwas, Dirk; Henrot-Versillé, Sophie; Lafaye, Rémi
2016-01-01
The galactic center excess of gamma ray photons can be naturally explained by light Majorana fermions in combination with a pseudoscalar mediator. The NMSSM provides exactly these ingredients. We show that for neutralinos with a significant singlino component the galactic center excess can be linked to invisible decays of the Standard-Model-like Higgs at the LHC. We find predictions for invisible Higgs branching ratios in excess of 50 percent, easily accessible at the LHC. Constraining the NMSSM through GUT-scale boundary conditions only slightly affects this expectation. Our results complement earlier NMSSM studies of the galactic center excess, which link it to heavy Higgs searches at the LHC.
Higgs self-coupling in the MSSM and NMSSM after the LHC Run 1
Wu, Lei; Yuan, Chien-Peng; Zhang, Mengchao
2015-01-01
We examine the trilinear self-coupling of the SM-like 125 GeV Higgs boson ($h$) in the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) and the next-to-minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM) after the LHC Run-1. Considering the current experimental constraints, such as the Higgs data, the flavor constraints, the electroweak precision observables as well as the dark matter detections, we scan over the parameter space and obtain the following observations: (1) In the MSSM, the self-coupling is suppressed relative to the SM value. But, due to the tightly constrained parameter space, such a suppression is rather weak and the ratio $\\lambda^{\\rm MSSM}_{hhh}/\\lambda^{\\rm SM}_{hhh}$ is above 0.97; (2) In the NMSSM with $\\lambda0.7$ (also called $\\lambda$-SUSY), the self-coupling can be greatly suppressed or enhanced relative to the SM value (with the ratio $\\lambda^{\\rm NMSSM}_{hhh}/\\lambda^{\\rm SM}_{hhh}$ varying from -1.1 to 1.9), accompanied by a sizable change in $h\\tau^+\\tau^-$ coupling.
Toward an Ideal Relational Ethic: Rethinking university-community engagement
Steve Garlick
2008-09-01
Full Text Available This paper explores how an ideal relational ethic based on Zygmunt Bauman’s (1995 notion of forms of togetherness is needed to underpin university-community engagement processes and practices. We focus on the notion of being-for, and suggest that it can be used as an ‘engagement bridge’ between higher education institutions, the creation of human capital and communities, and can be a means to achieve ethical outcomes to local concerns. Much of Bauman’s (1995; 2001; 2007 theoretical development has focussed on the liquidity of modernity, to give the impression that community - in the spatially, physically located and fixed sense of the term - no longer exists. This paper proposes that spatial dimensions, particularly in the context of developing relational ethics, are important. This is particularly so for paying adequate attention to context-specific values, principles and issues in communities, for developing enterprising human capital via engagement, and for addressing matters of socio-political importance such as the environment. Contemporary neo-liberal times require ethical and moral leadership from universities. This paper suggests that such leadership can be developed from focussing attention on the forms of togetherness fostered by university-community engagement.
Interpreting 750 GeV diphoton excess in plain NMSSM
Marcin Badziak
2016-09-01
Full Text Available NMSSM has enough ingredients to explain the diphoton excess at 750 GeV: singlet-like (pseudo scalar (a s and higgsinos as heavy vector-like fermions. We consider the production of the 750 GeV singlet-like pseudo scalar a from a decay of the doublet-like pseudo scalar A, and the subsequent decay of a into two photons via higgsino loop. We demonstrate that this cascade decay of the NMSSM Higgs bosons can explain the diphoton excess at 750 GeV.
Interpreting 750 GeV diphoton excess in plain NMSSM
Badziak, Marcin; Olechowski, Marek; Pokorski, Stefan; Sakurai, Kazuki
2016-09-01
NMSSM has enough ingredients to explain the diphoton excess at 750 GeV: singlet-like (pseudo) scalar (a) s and higgsinos as heavy vector-like fermions. We consider the production of the 750 GeV singlet-like pseudo scalar a from a decay of the doublet-like pseudo scalar A, and the subsequent decay of a into two photons via higgsino loop. We demonstrate that this cascade decay of the NMSSM Higgs bosons can explain the diphoton excess at 750 GeV.
Les Houches Squared Event Generator for the NMSSM
Pukhov, A.; /Moscow State U.; Skands, P.; /Fermilab
2005-12-01
We present a generic framework for event generation in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), including the full chain of production process, resonance decays, parton showering, hadronization, and hadron decays. The framework at present uses NMHDECAY to compute the NMSSM spectrum and resonance widths, CALCHEP for the generation of hard scattering processes, and PYTHIA for resonance decays and fragmentation. The interface between the codes is organized by means of two Les Houches Accords, one for supersymmetric mass and coupling spectra (SLHA,2003) and the other for the event generator interface (2000).
New Insights of Electroweak Phase Transition in NMSSM
Huang, Weicong; Shu, Jing; Wu, Peiwen; Yang, Jin Min
2014-01-01
We perform a detailed semi-analytical analysis of the electroweak phase transition (EWPT) property in NMSSM, which serves as a good benchmark model in which the 126 GeV Higgs mixes with a singlet. In this case, a strongly first order electroweak phase transition (SFOEWPT) is achieved by the tree-level effects and the phase transition strength $\\gamma_c$ is determined by the vacua energy gap at $T=0$. We make an anatomy of the energy gap at both tree-level and loop-level and extract out a dimensionless phase transition parameter $R_\\kappa \\equiv 4 \\kappa v_s / A_\\kappa$, which can replace $A_\\kappa$ in the parameterization and affect the light CP odd and even Higgs spectra. We find that SFOEWPT only occurs in $R_\\kappa \\sim -1$ and positive $R_\\kappa \\lesssim \\mathcal{O}(10)$, which in the non-PQ limit case would prefer either a relatively light CP odd or CP even Higgs boson $\\sim (60, 100)$ GeV, therefore serves as a smoking gun signal and requires new search strategies at the LHC.
On Brownian motion in ideal gas and related principles
Kuzovlev, Yuriy E.
2008-01-01
Brownian motion of particle interacting with atoms of ideal gas is discussed as a key problem of kinetics lying at the border between ``dead'' systems like the Lorentz gas or formal constructs of conceptual Boltzmannian kinetics and actual ``alive'' systems like mere gas possessing scaleless (1/f) fluctuations in their kinetic characteristics (e.g. in diffusuvity and mobility of the ``Brownian particle'').
Distinguishing between MSSM and NMSSM through $\\Delta F=2$ processes
Kumar, Jacky
2016-01-01
We study deviations between MSSM and $Z_3$ -invariant NMSSM, with respect to their predictions in $\\Delta F = 2$ processes. We find that potentially significant effects arise either from the well known double-penguin diagrams, due to the extra scalar NMSSM states, or from neutralino-gluino box contributions, due to the extended neutralino sector. Both are discussed to be effective in the large $tan \\beta$ regime. Enhanced genuine-NMSSM contributions in double penguins are expected for a light singlet spectrum (CP-even,CP-odd), while the magnitude of box effects is primarily controlled through singlino mixing. The latter is found to be typically subleading (but non-negligible) for $\\lambda \\lesssim 0.5$, however it can become dominant for $\\lambda \\sim$ $O(1)$. We also study the low $\\tan \\beta$ regime, where a distinction between MSSM and NMSSM can come instead due to experimental constraints, acting differently on the allowed parameter space of each model. To this end, we incorporate the recent limits from $...
Gravitino dark matter with neutralino NLSP in the constrained NMSSM
Panotopoulos, Grigoris
2010-01-01
The gravitino dark matter with neutralino NLSP hypothesis is investigated in the framework of NMSSM. We have considered both the thermal and non-thermal gravitino production mechanisms, and we have taken into account all the collider and cosmological constraints. The maximum allowed reheating temperature after inflation, as well as the maximum allowed gravitino mass are determined.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
King, S.F., E-mail: king@soton.ac.uk [Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Mühlleitner, M., E-mail: margarete.muehlleitner@kit.edu [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Nevzorov, R., E-mail: roman.nevzorov@adelaide.edu.au [ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Tera-scale, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005 (Australia); Walz, K., E-mail: kathrin.walz@kit.edu [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)
2015-12-15
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
S.F. King
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Update of the flavour-physics constraints in the NMSSM
Domingo, Florian [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Instituto de Fisica Teorica (UAM/CSIC), Madrid (Spain)
2016-08-15
We consider the impact of several flavour-changing observables in the B- and the Kaon sectors on the parameter space of the NMSSM, in a minimal flavour violating version of this model. Our purpose consists in updating our previous results in [4] and designing an up-to-date flavour test for the public package NMSSMTools. We provide details concerning our implementation of the constraints in a series of brief reviews of the current status of the considered channels. Finally, we present a few consequences of these flavour constraints for the NMSSM, turning to two specific scenarios: one is characteristic of the MSSM-limit and illustrates the workings of charged-Higgs and genuinely supersymmetric contributions to flavour-changing processes; the second focus is a region where a light CP-odd Higgs is present. Strong limits are found whenever an enhancement factor - large tanβ, light H{sup ±}, resonant pseudoscalar - comes into play. (orig.)
Exploring the Higgs sector of a most natural NMSSM
Barbieri, Riccardo; Kannike, Kristjan; Sala, Filippo; Tesi, Andrea
2013-01-01
The Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) with a Higgs-singlet coupling {\\lambda} close to unity, moderate tan {\\beta} and stop masses below 1 TeV minimizes the fine tuning of the electroweak scale, making possible that the lightest new particles, except perhaps for the LSP, be part of the extended Higgs system. We show how the measurements of the couplings of the 126 GeV Higgs boson constrain the region of the physical parameters of a generic NMSSM most relevant to this context. In the same region of parameter space we determine the cross section for the production of a heavier CP-even scalar together with its total width and its most relevant branching ratios. For comparison we show the same analysis for the MSSM. We also comment on how a coupling {\\lambda} ~ 1 can be compatible with gauge coupling unification.
Relic density of dark matter in the NMSSM
Bélanger, G; Hugonie, C; Pukhov, A E; Semenov, A
2005-01-01
We present a code to compute the relic density of dark matter in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM). Dominant corrections to the Higgs masses are calculated with NMHDECAY as well as theoretical and collider constraints. All neutralino annihilation and coannihilation processes are then computed with an extended version of micrOMEGAs, taking into acount higher order corrections to Higgs vertices. We explore the parameter space of the NMSSM and consider in particular the case of a bino LSP, of a mixed bino-higgsino LSP and of a singlino LSP. As compared to the MSSM, neutralino annihilation is often more efficient as it can take place via (additional) Higgs resonances as well as annihilation into light Higgs states. Models with a large singlino component can be compatible with WMAP constraints.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM Constraints and Phenomenology
King, S F; Nevzorov, R; Walz, K
2015-01-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
King, S. F.; Mühlleitner, M.; Nevzorov, R.; Walz, K.
2015-12-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Non-splitting in Kirchberg's Ideal-related KK-Theory
Eilers, Søren; Restorff, Gunnar; Ruiz, Efren
2011-01-01
A. Bonkat obtained a universal coefficient theorem in the setting of Kirchberg's ideal-related KK-theory in the fundamental case of a C*-algebra with one specified ideal. The universal coefficient sequence was shown to split, unnaturally, under certain conditions. Employing certain K-theoretical ...
Natural NMSSM with a light singlet Higgs and singlino LSP
Potter, C.T. [University of Oregon, Physics Department, Eugene (United States)
2016-01-15
Supersymmetry (SUSY) is an attractive extension of the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics which solves the SM hierarchy problem. Motivated by the theoretical μ-term problem of the Minimal Supersymmetric Model (MSSM), the Next-to MSSM (NMSSM) can also account for experimental deviations from the SM like the anomalous muon magnetic moment and the dark matter relic density. Natural SUSY, motivated by naturalness considerations, exhibits small fine tuning and a characteristic phenomenology with light higgsinos, stops, and gluinos. We describe a scan in NMSSM parameter space motivated by Natural SUSY and guided by the phenomenology of an NMSSM with a slightly broken Peccei-Quinn symmetry and a lightly coupled singlet. We identify a scenario which survives experimental constraints with a light singlet Higgs and a singlino lightest SUSY particle. We then discuss how the scenario is not presently excluded by searches at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and which channels are promising for discovery at the LHC and International Linear Collider. (orig.)
Difficult Scenarios for NMSSM Higgs Discovery at the LHC
Ellwanger, U; Hugonie, C; Ellwanger, Ulrich; Gunion, John F.; Hugonie, Cyril
2005-01-01
We identify scenarios not ruled out by LEP data in which NMSSM Higgs detection at the LHC will be particularly challenging. We first review the `no-lose' theorem for Higgs discovery at the LHC that applies if Higgs bosons do not decay to other Higgs bosons - namely, with L=300 fb^-1, there is always one or more `standard' Higgs detection channel with at least a 5 sigma signal. However, we provide examples of no-Higgs-to-Higgs cases for which all the standard signals are no larger than 7 sigma implying that if the available L is smaller or the simulations performed by ATLAS and CMS turn out to be overly optimistic, all standard Higgs signals could fall below 5 sigma even in the no-Higgs-to-Higgs part of NMSSM parameter space. In the vast bulk of NMSSM parameter space, there will be Higgs-to-Higgs decays. We show that when such decays are present it is possible for all the standard detection channels to have very small significance. In most such cases, the only strongly produced Higgs boson is one with fairly S...
Individual deals within teams: Investigating the role of relative i-deals for employee performance.
Vidyarthi, Prajya R; Singh, Satvir; Erdogan, Berrin; Chaudhry, Anjali; Posthuma, Richard; Anand, Smriti
2016-11-01
The authors extend i-deals theory to an individual-within-a-team context. Drawing upon social comparison theory, they contend that individuals will react to their own i-deals within the context of group members' i-deals. Therefore, they examine the role of relative i-deals (an individual's i-deals relative to the team's average) in relation to employee performance. Furthermore, integrating social comparison theory with social identity theory the authors assert that the behavioral outcomes of relative i-deals are influenced by the team's social and structural attributes of team orientation and task interdependence. Finally, they contend that the perceptions of one's relative standing with the leader, or leader-member exchange social comparison (LMXSC), mediate the i-deals-outcome relationship in groups with low team orientation and task interdependence. Results of multilevel modeling using time-lagged data from 321 employees nested in 46 teams demonstrated that the positive relationship between relative i-deals and employee performance was stronger in groups with low team orientation and task interdependence, and the mediation effect of LMXSC was stronger in teams with low rather than high team orientation. (PsycINFO Database Record
Jung's Red Book and its relation to aspects of German idealism.
Bishop, Paul
2012-06-01
The late nineteenth century saw a renaissance of interest in the thought of the German Romantic philosopher, F.W.J. Schelling. This paper takes Jung's engagement with Schelling and his awareness of Schellingian ideas and interests (notably, the mysterious Kabeiroi worshipped at Samothrace) as its starting-point. It goes on to argue that a key set of problematics in German Idealism - the relation between freedom and necessity, between science and art, and ultimately between realism and idealism - offers a useful conceptual framework within which to approach Jung's Red Book. For the problem of the ideal is central to this work, which can be read as a journey from eternal ideals to the ideal of eternity. (Although the term 'idealism' has at least four distinct meanings, their distinct senses can be related in different ways to Jung's thinking.) The eloquent embrace of idealism by F.T. Vischer in a novel, Auch Einer, for which Jung had the highest praise, reminds us of the persistence of this tradition, which is still contested and debated in the present day. © 2012, The Society of Analytical Psychology.
Testing the higgsino-singlino sector of the NMSSM with trileptons at the LHC
Ellwanger, Ulrich
2013-11-01
We propose a simplified light higgsino-singlino scenario in the NMSSM, in which the masses of the chargino and the lightest neutralino determine the masses and couplings of all 3 lightest neutralinos. This scenario is complementary to the simplified wino-like chargino/neutralino scenario used conventionally for the interpretation of results from trilepton searches, and motivated by lower bounds on the gluino mass in the case of GUT relations between the wino and gluino masses. We present all masses and mixing angles necessary for the determination of production cross sections of the chargino and the 3 neutralinos in the form of tables in the plane, assuming Higgs mass motivated values for tan β = 2 and λ = 0 .6. We show that this scenario leads to considerable signal rates, and present constraints in this plane from recent searches for trileptons at the LHC.
Testing the higgsino-singlino sector of the NMSSM with trileptons at the LHC
Ellwanger, Ulrich
2013-01-01
We propose a simplified light higgsino-singlino scenario in the NMSSM, in which the masses of the chargino and the lightest neutralino determine the masses and couplings of all 3 lightest neutralinos. This scenario is complementary to the simplified wino-like chargino/neutralino scenario used conventionally for the interpretation of results from trilepton searches, and motivated by lower bounds on the gluino mass in the case of GUT relations between the wino and gluino masses. We present all masses and mixing angles necessary for the determination of production cross sections of the chargino and the 3 neutralinos in the form of Tables in the M_{neutralino_1} - M_{chargino_1} plane, assuming Higgs mass motivated values for tan(beta)=2 and lambda=0.6. We show that this scenario leads to considerable signal rates, and present constraints in this plane from recent searches for trileptons at the LHC.
Blind spots for neutralinos in NMSSM with light singlet scalar
Badziak, M; Szczerbiak, P
2016-01-01
A substantial contribution to the SM-like Higgs mass may come from the mixing with the lightest singlet-dominated scalar in NMSSM for moderate or large values of $\\tan\\beta$ [1]. The LSP neutralino in this model may also contain the singlet component - singlino. In this work we analyze the direct detection cross section for a Higgsino-singlino LSP with the emphasis on possible direct detection blind spots in the parameter space. Correlations between the LSP properties and the effects in the Higgs sector coming from the mixing are also discussed.
Precise predictions for Higgs-masses in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM)
Drechsel, Peter; Weiglein, Georg [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Heinemeyer, Sven; Galeta, Leo [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, Edificio Juan Jorda, Santander (Spain)
2015-07-01
The NMSSM represents an elegant and well motivated alternative description for the observed phenomenology in high energy physics. In this theory a scalar singlet together with its superpartner is added to the Higgs-sector of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). In order to allow significant testing of the NMSSM by experiments precise predictions for the parameters of the theory are a necessity. The talk focuses on the prediction for the Higgs-masses in the NMSSM up to 2-loop order obtained by diagrammatic methods. The numerical impact of partial contributions is discussed as well as the validity and scope of the presented results.
Supernatural supersymmetry and its classic example: M-theory inspired NMSSM
Li, Tianjun; Raza, Shabbar; Wang, Xiao-Chuan
2016-06-01
We briefly review the supernatural supersymmetry (SUSY), which provides a most promising solution to the SUSY electroweak fine-tuning problem. In particular, we address its subtle issues as well. Unlike the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), the next to MSSM (NMSSM) can be scale invariant and has no mass parameter in its Lagrangian before SUSY and gauge symmetry breakings. Therefore, the NMSSM is a perfect framework for supernatural SUSY. To give the SUSY breaking soft mass to the singlet, we consider the moduli and dilaton dominant SUSY breaking scenarios in M-theory on S1/Z2. In these scenarios, SUSY is broken by one and only one F term of moduli or dilaton, and the SUSY breaking soft terms can be determined via the Kähler potential and superpotential from Calabi-Yau compactification of M-theory on S1/Z2. Thus, as predicted by supernatural SUSY, the SUSY electroweak fine-tuning measure is of unity order. In the moduli dominant SUSY breaking scenario, the right-handed sleptons are relatively light around 1 TeV, stau can even be as light as 580 GeV and degenerate with the lightest neutralino, chargino masses are larger than 1 TeV, the light stop masses are around 2 TeV or larger, the first two-generation squark masses are about 3 TeV or larger, and gluinos are heavier tha.n squarks. In the dilaton dominant SUSY breaking scenario, the qualitative picture remains the same but we have heavier spectra as compared to the moduli dominant SUSY breaking scenario. In addition to it, we have Higgs H2/A1-resonance solutions for dark matter (DM). In both scenarios, the minimal value of DM relic density is about 0.2. To obtain the observed DM relic density, we can consider the dilution effect from supercritical string cosmology or introduce the axino as the lightest supersymmetric particle.
Cosmological phase transitions and their properties in the NMSSM
Kozaczuk, Jonathan; Profumo, Stefano; Haskins, Laurel Stephenson; Wainwright, Carroll L.
2015-01-01
We study cosmological phase transitions in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) in light of the Higgs discovery. We use an effective field theory approach to calculate the finite temperature effective potential, focusing on regions with significant tree-level contributions to the Higgs mass, a viable neutralino dark matter candidate, 1-2 TeV stops, and with the remaining particle spectrum compatible with current LHC searches and results. The phase transition structure in viable regions of parameter space exhibits a rich phenomenology, potentially giving rise to one- or two-step first-order phase transitions in the singlet and/or SU(2) directions. We compute several parameters pertaining to the bubble wall profile, including the bubble wall width and Δ β (the variation of the ratio in Higgs vacuum expectation values across the wall). These quantities can vary significantly across small regions of parameter space and can be promising for successful electroweak baryogenesis. We estimate the wall velocity microphysically, taking into account the various sources of friction acting on the expanding bubble wall. Ultra-relativistic solutions to the bubble wall equations of motion typically exist when the electroweak phase transition features substantial supercooling. For somewhat weaker transitions, the bubble wall instead tends to be sub-luminal and, in fact, likely sub-sonic, suggesting that successful electroweak baryogenesis may indeed occur in regions of the NMSSM compatible with the Higgs discovery.
An ideal-typical model for comparing interprofessional relations and skill mix in health care.
Schönfelder, Walter; Nilsen, Elin Anita
2016-11-08
Comparisons of health system performance, including the regulations of interprofessional relations and the skill mix between health professions are challenging. National strategies for regulating interprofessional relations vary widely across European health care systems. Unambiguously defined and generally accepted performance indicators have to remain generic, with limited power for recognizing the organizational structures regulating interprofessional relations in different health systems. A coherent framework for in-depth comparisons of different models for organizing interprofessional relations and the skill mix between professional groups is currently not available. This study aims to develop an ideal-typical framework for categorizing skill mix and interprofessional relations in health care, and to assess the potential impact for different ideal types on care coordination and integrated service delivery. A document analysis of the Health Systems in Transition (HiT) reports published by the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies was conducted. The HiT reports to 31 European health systems were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis and a process of meaning condensation. The educational tracks available to nurses have an impact on the professional autonomy for nurses, the hierarchy between professional groups, the emphasis given to negotiating skill mix, interdisciplinary teamwork and the extent of cooperation across the health and social service interface. Based on the results of the document analysis, three ideal types for regulating interprofessional relations and skill mix in health care are delimited. For each ideal type, outcomes on service coordination and holistic service delivery are described. Comparisons of interprofessional relations are necessary for proactive health human resource policies. The proposed ideal-typical framework provides the means for in-depth comparisons of interprofessional relations in the health care
The Ideal of Relations of a Ring of Highest Weight Vectors
Shaoqiang Deng; Zixin Hou
2001-01-01
We use the slice method and some computer algebra programs to determine the ideal of relations of the ring of highest weight vectors of the action of Om and GL3 on the algebra of complex polynomials on Cm,3 with m ≥ 6.
On Green's Relations, 20-regularity and Quasi-ideals in Γ-semigroups
Kostaq HILA; Jani DINE
2013-01-01
In this paper,we introduce the definition of (m,n)0-regularity in Γ-semigroups.We investigate and characterize the 20-regular class of Γ-semigroups using Green's relations.Extending and generalizing the Croisot's Theory of Decomposition for Γ-semigroups,we introduce and study the absorbent and regular absorbent Γ-semigroups.We approach this problem by examining quasi-ideals using Green's relations.
Electroweak phase transition and baryogenesis in the nMSSM
Huber, Stephan J. [Theory Division, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)]. E-mail: stephan.huber@cern.ch; Konstandin, Thomas [Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 11, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)]. E-mail: konstand@theophys.kth.se; Prokopec, Tomislav [Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITF) and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, Leuvenlaan 4, Postbus 80.195, 3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands)]. E-mail: t.prokopec@phys.uu.nl; Schmidt, Michael G. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Heidelberg University, Philosophenweg 16, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)]. E-mail: m.g.schmidt@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de
2006-11-20
We analyze the nMSSM with CP violation in the singlet sector. We study the static and dynamical properties of the electroweak phase transition. We conclude that electroweak baryogenesis in this model is generic in the sense that if the present limits on the mass spectrum are applied, no severe additional tuning is required to obtain a strong first-order phase transition and to generate a sufficient baryon asymmetry. For this we determine the shape of the nucleating bubbles, including the profiles of CP-violating phases. The baryon asymmetry is calculated using the advanced transport theory to first and second order in gradient expansion presented recently. Still, first and second generation sfermions must be heavy to avoid large electric dipole moments.
NMSSM with gravitino dark matter to be tested at LHC
Hasenkamp, Jasper [New York Univ., New York, NY (United States). Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics; Hamburg Univ. (Germany). II. Inst. for Theoretical Physics; Winkler, Martin Wolfgang [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2013-09-15
We present a solution to the gravitino problem, which arises in the NMSSM, allowing for sparticle spectra from ordinary gravity-mediated supersymmetry breaking with weak-scale gravitino dark matter. The coupling, which links the singlet to the MSSM sector, enhances the tree-level Higgs mass, providing an attractive explanation why the observed Higgs boson is so heavy. The same coupling induces very efficient pair-annihilation processes of the neutralino NLSP. Its relic abundance can be sufficiently suppressed to satisfy the strong constraints on late decaying relics from primordial nucleosynthesis - even for very long neutralino lifetimes. The striking prediction of this scenario is the detection of a pseudoscalar Higgs boson in the search for top-top resonances at LHC-14, rendering it completely testable.
LIANG Qing-wei; SONG Bao-wei
2008-01-01
To making the decision of the developing blue prints, ideal point method was selected to estimate the life cycle cost with effectiveness of torpedo. At the same time, the concept of grey relational entropy of the grey system theory was adopted to compute the distance between each blue print and the ideal point (or negative ide-al point). The blue print, nearest to the ideal point and farthest to the negative ideal point, is the best one. As an example, four blue prints of torpedo were estimated. The result indicates the practical value of this method.
Precise predictions for the Higgs-boson masses in the NMSSM
Drechsel, P.; Weiglein, G. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Galeta, L. [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Heinemeyer, S. [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (UAM/CSIC) (Spain). Inst. de Fisica Teorica
2016-02-15
The particle discovered in the Higgs boson searches at the LHC with a mass of about 125 GeV can be identified with one of the neutral Higgs bosons of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM). We calculate predictions for the Higgs-boson masses in the NMSSM using the Feynman-diagrammatic approach. The predictions are based on the full NMSSM one-loop corrections supplemented with the dominant and sub-dominant two-loop corrections within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). These include contributions at O(α{sub t}α{sub s},α{sub b}α{sub s},α{sub t}{sup 2},α{sub t}α{sub b}), as well as a resummation of leading and subleading logarithms from the top/scalar top sector. Taking these corrections into account in the prediction for the mass of the Higgs boson in the NMSSM that is identified with the observed signal is crucial in order to reach a precision at a similar level as in the MSSM. The quality of the approximation made at the two-loop level is analysed on the basis of the full one-loop result, with a particular focus on the prediction for the Standard Model-like Higgs boson that is associated with the observed signal. The obtained results will be used as a basis for the extension of the code FeynHiggs to the NMSSM.
Vartanian, Lenny R; Dey, Shanta
2013-09-01
This study examined the associations among self-concept clarity, thin-ideal internalization, appearance-related social comparison tendencies, and body dissatisfaction. Female university students (N=278) completed self-report measures of these constructs. Structural equation modeling revealed several key findings: (a) thin-ideal internalization mediated the link between appearance-related social comparison tendencies and body dissatisfaction; (b) self-concept clarity was negatively associated with both thin-ideal internalization and appearance-related social comparison tendencies; and (c) thin-ideal internalization mediated the link between self-concept clarity and body dissatisfaction. These findings suggest that low self-concept clarity might contribute to body image problems because it increases women's vulnerability to thin-ideal internalization and appearance-related social comparison tendencies. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Higgs-boson masses and mixing matrices in the NMSSM: analysis of on-shell calculations
Drechsel, P.; Weiglein, G. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Groeber, R. [Durham University, Department of Physics, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham (United Kingdom); INFN, Sezione di Roma Tre, Rome (Italy); Heinemeyer, S. [Campus of International Excellence UAM+CSIC, Madrid (Spain); Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Instituto de Fisica Teorica, (UAM/CSIC), Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Muehlleitner, M. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe (Germany); Rzehak, H. [University of Southern Denmark, CP3-Origins, Odense M (Denmark)
2017-06-15
We analyze the Higgs-boson masses and mixing matrices in the NMSSM based on an on-shell (OS) renormalization of the gauge-boson and Higgs-boson masses and the parameters of the top/scalar top sector. We compare the implementation of the OS calculations in the codes NMSSMCALC and NMSSM-FeynHiggs up to O(α{sub t}α{sub s}). We identify the sources of discrepancies at the one- and at the two-loop level. Finally we compare the OS and DR evaluation as implemented in NMSSMCALC. The results are important ingredients for an estimate of the theoretical precision of Higgs-boson mass calculations in the NMSSM. (orig.)
Analysis of the NMSSM Higgs Boson Masses at One-Loop Level
Ender, K; Muhlleitner, M; Rzehak, H
2012-01-01
For a reliable prediction of the NMSSM Higgs boson signatures at present and future high-energy colliders and a proper distinction of the NMSSM and MSSM Higgs sector the precise knowledge of the Higgs boson masses including higher-order corrections is indispensable. In this paper, the one-loop corrections to the neutral NMSSM Higgs boson masses and mixings are calculated in three different renormalisation schemes. In addition to the $\\bar{DR}$ renormalisation scheme, existing in the literature, two other schemes are adopted. Furthermore, the dependence on the value of the top quark mass is investigated. The resulting Higgs mass corrections have been compared and the residual theory error due to missing higher-order corrections can be estimated to be of the order of 10%.
Diphoton Signal of light pseudoscalar in NMSSM at the LHC
Guchait, Monoranjan
2016-01-01
We explore the detection possibility of light pseudoscalar Higgs boson in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model(NMSSM) at the LHC with the center of mass energy, \\sqrt{S} = 13 TeV. We focus on the parameter space which provides one of the Higgs boson as the SM-like with a mass of 125 GeV and some of the non-SM-like Higgs bosons can be light having suppressed couplings with fermions and gauge bosons due to their singlet nature. Interestingly, it is observed that the singlet like light pseudoscalar Higgs boson can decay to di-photon($\\gamma \\gamma$) channel with a substantial branching ratio. In this study, we consider this di-photon signal of light pseudoscalar Higgs boson producing it through the chargino-neutralino production and subsequent decay of neutralino. We consider signal consisting of two photons plus missing energy along with a lepton from the chargino decay. Performing a detailed simulation of the signal and backgrounds including detector effects, we present results for a few benchmark...
Cosmological Phase Transitions and their Properties in the NMSSM
Kozaczuk, Jonathan; Haskins, Laurel Stephenson; Wainwright, Carroll L
2014-01-01
We study cosmological phase transitions in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) in light of the Higgs discovery. We use an effective field theory approach to calculate the finite temperature effective potential, focusing on regions with significant tree-level contributions to the Higgs mass, a viable neutralino dark matter candidate, 1-2 TeV stops, and with the remaining particle spectrum compatible with current LHC searches and results. The phase transition structure in viable regions of parameter space exhibits a rich phenomenology, potentially giving rise to one- or two-step first-order phase transitions in the singlet and/or $SU(2)$ directions. We compute several parameters pertaining to the bubble wall profile, including the bubble wall width and $\\Delta\\beta$ (the variation of the ratio in Higgs vacuum expectation values across the wall). These quantities can vary significantly across small regions of parameter space and can be promising for successful electroweak baryogenesis. We e...
Higgs self-coupling in the MSSM and NMSSM after the LHC Run 1
Lei Wu
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Measuring the Higgs self-coupling is one of the crucial physics goals at the LHC Run-2 and other future colliders. In this work, we attempt to figure out the size of SUSY effects on the trilinear self-coupling of the 125 GeV Higgs boson in the MSSM and NMSSM after the LHC Run-1. Taking account of current experimental constraints, such as the Higgs data, flavor constraints, electroweak precision observables and dark matter detections, we obtain the observations: (1 In the MSSM, the ratio λ3hMSSM/λ3hSM has been tightly constrained by the LHC data, which can be only slightly smaller than 1 and minimally reach 97%; (2 In the NMSSM with λ0.7, a large enhancement or reduction −1.1<λ3h1NMSSM/λ3h1SM<2 can occur, which is accompanied by a sizable change of h1τ+τ− coupling. The future colliders, such as the HL-LHC and ILC, will have the capacity to test these large deviations in the NMSSM.
Precise Predictions for the Higgs-Boson Masses in the NMSSM
Drechsel, Peter; Heinemeyer, Sven; Weiglein, Georg
2016-01-01
The particle discovered in the Higgs boson searches at the LHC with a mass of about 125 GeV can be identified with one of the neutral Higgs bosons of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM). We calculate predictions for the Higgs-boson masses in the NMSSM using the Feynman-diagrammatic approach. The predictions are based on the full NMSSM one-loop corrections supplemented with the dominant and sub-dominant two-loop corrections within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). These include contributions at $\\mathcal{O}{\\left(\\alpha_t \\alpha_s, \\alpha_b \\alpha_s, \\alpha_t^2,\\alpha_t\\alpha_b\\right)}$, as well as a resummation of leading and subleading logarithms from the top/scalar top sector. Taking these corrections into account in the prediction for the mass of the Higgs boson in the NMSSM that is identified with the observed signal is crucial in order to reach a precision at a similar level as in the MSSM. The quality of the approximation made at the two-loop level is analysed on th...
Dominant two-loop corrections to the trilinear Higgs couplings in the complex NMSSM
Hoffmann, Hanna; Muehlleitner, Margarete [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany); Thi Dao, Nhung [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (Viet Nam)
2015-07-01
In this talk I present our results on the O(α{sub t},α{sub s}) corrections to the trilinear Higgs couplings in the complex NMSSM. I give insight into our calculation using the Feynman-diagramatic approach and our renormalization procedure. Furthermore I discuss phenomenological implications of our results.
Natural NMSSM after LHC Run I and the Higgsino dominated dark matter scenario
Cao, Junjie; Shang, Liangliang; Su, Wei; Zhang, Yang
2016-01-01
We investigate the impact of the direct searches for SUSY at LHC Run I on the naturalness of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM). For this end, we first scan the vast parameter space of the NMSSM to get the region where the fine tuning measures $\\Delta_Z$ and $\\Delta_h$ at the electroweak scale are less than about 50, then we implement by simulations the constraints of the direct searches on the parameter points in the region. Our results indicate that although the direct search experiments are effective in excluding the points, the parameter intervals for the region and also the minimum reaches of $\\Delta_Z$ and $\\Delta_h$ are scarcely changed by the constraints, which implies that the fine tuning of the NMSSM does not get worse after LHC Run I. Moreover, based on the results we propose a natural NMSSM scenario where the lightest neutralino $\\tilde{\\chi}_1^0$ as the dark matter (DM) candidate is Higgsino-dominated. In this scenario, $\\Delta_Z$ and $\\Delta_h$ may be as low as 2 without c...
On the Relations between Parents' Ideals and Children's Autonomy
de Ruyter, Doret J.; Schinkel, Anders
2013-01-01
In this article Doret J. de Ruyter and Anders Schinkel argue that parents' ideals can enhance children's autonomy, but that they may also have a detrimental effect on the development of children's autonomy. After describing the concept of "ideals" and elucidating a systems theoretical conception of autonomy, de Ruyter and…
Precise predictions for Higgs physics in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM)
Drechsel, Peter
2016-08-15
Within this thesis a precise mass-prediction for the Higgs fields of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) is obtained with Feynman-diagrammatic methods. The results are studied numerically for sample scenarios that are in agreement with current New Physics searches at the LHC. Furthermore a comparison between the obtained results and different calculations is performed as a first step in order to obtain an estimation for the theoretical uncertainties of the Higgs-mass prediction in the NMSSM. The precise mass-prediction includes the full NMSSM one-loop corrections supplemented with the dominant and sub-dominant two-loop corrections within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). These include contributions at the orders O(α{sub t}α{sub s}, α{sub b}α{sub s}, α{sub t}{sup 2}, α{sub t}α{sub b}), as well as a resummation of leading and subleading logarithms from the top/scalar top sector. Higher-order corrections are essential for the NMSSM in order to provide a Higgs particle that is consistent with the available data, including the observed neutral, CP-even Higgs field with a mass of about 125 GeV. We explored the validity of the applied approximation at the two-loop level and found that it is reliable for a wide range of scenarios within the NMSSM. This is especially true for the mass of the observed (MS)SM-like Higgs field. The result of this work will be included in a future extension of the program FeynHiggs. We also compared our results with the program NMSSMCalc that also performs a Feynman-diagrammatic calculation of the Higgs-masses with a slightly different renormalization scheme. The comparison reveals that for the mass of the (MS)SM-like Higgs field the genuine NMSSM-effects induced by the choice of the renormalization scheme are by far minor compared to similar effects observed in the MSSM.
The Higgs mass and the scale of SUSY breaking in the NMSSM
Zarate, Lucila
2016-07-01
In this letter we study the Higgs mass in the NMSSM with supersymmetry breaking at high scales M SS. With the Standard Model as the effective low energy theory, the computation of the Higgs mass relies on the matching condition of the quartic coupling λ at M SS. In the MSSM, the latter is fixed to a semi-positive value and, thus, sets an upper bound on the SUSY-breaking scale near M SS ≃ 1010 GeV. In the NMSSM, λ( M SS) receives an additional contribution induced by the singlet which allows for negative values of λ( M SS). In turn, for the measured value of the Higgs mass we find that M SS can take any value up to the GUT scale. Furthermore, the choice of universal soft terms favors SUSY-breaking scales close to the GUT scale.
The Higgs mass and the scale of SUSY breaking in the NMSSM
Zarate, Lucila
2016-01-01
In this letter we study the Higgs mass in the NMSSM with supersymmetry breaking at high scales $M_{SS}$. With the Standard Model as the effective low energy theory, the computation of the Higgs mass relies on the matching condition of the quartic coupling $\\lambda$ at $M_{SS}$. In the MSSM, the latter is fixed to a semi-positive value and, thus, sets an upper bound on the SUSY-breaking scale near $M_{SS}\\simeq 10^{10}\\text{GeV}$. In the NMSSM, $\\lambda(M_{SS})$ receives an additional contribution induced by the singlet which allows for negative values of $\\lambda(M_{SS})$. In turn, for the measured value of the Higgs mass we find that $M_{SS}$ can take any value up to the GUT scale. Furthermore, the choice of universal soft terms favors SUSY-breaking scales close to the GUT scale.
Interpreting the galactic center gamma-ray excess in the NMSSM
Cao, Junjie; Wu, Peiwen; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, Yang
2015-01-01
In the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), all singlet-dominated particles including one neutralino, one CP-odd Higgs boson and one CP-even Higgs boson can be simultaneously lighter than about 100 GeV. Consequently, dark matter (DM) in the NMSSM can annihilate into multiple final states to explain the galactic center gamma-ray excess (GCE). In this work we take into account the foreground and background uncertainties for the GCE and investigate these explanations. We carry out a sophisticated scan over the NMSSM parameter space by considering various experimental constraints such as the Higgs data, $B$-physics observables, DM relic desnity, LUX experiment and the dSphs constraints. Then for each surviving parameter point we perform a fit to the GCE spectrum by using the correlation matrix that incorporates both the statistical and systematic uncertainties of the measured excess. After examining the properties of the obtained GCE solutions, we conclude that the GCE can be well explained by t...
The Relation between the ideal of beauty and dependent beauty in Kant's philosophy
Javad Amin
2015-10-01
Full Text Available Kant organizes his analysis in terms of four moments of the judgment of taste, each of which is supposed to contribute something essential to the complete exposition of the beautiful in "Critique of Judgment". He, in the third moment, based on the key concept analysis of "purposiveness", reaches to the beauty definition "a purposiveness without a purpose" (subjective purposiveness. Below this moment, two concepts of "dependent beauty" and "the ideal of beauty" also arises that aesthetic judgment in both of them is based on an objective purposiveness and a concept indicating nature of the object and the perfection of the object that is considered as default for judgment. This default in dependent beauty is perfection of the object and in the ideal of beauty is a concept from the sum of the rational idea and the aesthetic normal idea, but this point of view is in contradiction with the principle of Kant's aesthetic, which judgment of the beautiful just relies on the subjective purposiveness. This article reviewing the concept of purposiveness and the type of subjective purposiveness in the ideal of beauty and dependent beauty, attempts to explain the aesthetic value of these concepts and their differences and similarities, and finally to determine the position of these two concepts in Kant's philosophy.
Nesterenko, Mikhail
2009-01-01
We define and explore the concept of ideal stabilization. The program is ideally stabilizing if its every state is legitimate. Ideal stabilization allows the specification designer to prescribe with arbitrary degree of precision not only the fault-free program behavior but also its recovery operation. Specifications may or may not mention all possible states. We identify approaches to designing ideal stabilization to both kinds of specifications. For the first kind, we state the necessary condition for an ideally stabilizing solution. On the basis of this condition we prove that there is no ideally stabilizing solution to the leader election problem. We illustrate the utility of the concept by providing examples of well-known programs and proving them ideally stabilizing. Specifically, we prove ideal stabilization of the conflict manager, the alternator, the propagation of information with feedback and the alternating bit protocol.
Tylka, Tracy L; Russell, Hannah L; Neal, Ashley A
2015-04-01
During situations that threaten personal adequacy, people high in self-compassion are kind and caring toward themselves, mindful of their distress, and recognize that being imperfect is part of the human experience. Therefore, self-compassion may offset certain disorders (e.g., eating disorders) associated with environmental threats (e.g., thinness-related pressures). In this cross-sectional study, we explored self-compassion's associations with threats involving thinness-related pressures (from friends, family, partners, and media), thin-ideal internalization, and disordered eating among an online sample of 435 U.S. community women. Findings indicated that self-compassion buffered the links from media thinness-related pressure to disordered eating and thin-ideal internalization. Furthermore, higher self-compassion was directly associated with fewer perceived thinness-related pressures, lower thin-ideal internalization, and lower disordered eating. Collectively, these findings add to the growing conceptualization of self-compassion as beneficial to eating behavior and help justify pursuing rigorous longitudinal and clinical examinations of self-compassion as a protective factor of disordered eating. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bandeen, William R.
1961-01-01
It is desired that the Nimbus meteorological satellite always cross the equator around local noon and, half-an-orbit later, cross the equator in the other direction around local midnight. The application of the phenomenon of nodal regression toward this end is discussed, and an analysis of the parameters angles of inclination, periods, and heights of such "ideal" circular orbits is presented. Also, the relative motion of the apparent versus the fictitious mean sun is briefly discussed.
Beyond idealism and realism: Canadian NGO/government relations during the negotiation of the FCTC.
Lencucha, Raphael; Labonté, Ronald; Rouse, Michael J
2010-04-01
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) marks a unique point in the history of global health governance. This convention produced the first legally binding treaty under the auspices of the World Health Organization. Another first was the extent to which non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated in the negotiation process. This article explores the relationship between one group of NGOs and their respective government during the negotiation of the FCTC. Documentary analyses and 18 individual in-depth interviews were conducted with both government and NGO representatives. In contrast to the polar perspectives of idealism (NGOs as unique and autonomous) and realism (NGOs as funded arms of the government), our findings suggest that neither opposition nor conformity on the part of the NGOs characterize the relationship between the NGOs and government. While specific to the case under study (the FCTC), our findings nonetheless indicate the need for a nuanced view of the relationship between governments and NGOs, at least during the process of multilateral health policy negotiations.
Status and prospects for BSM ( (N)MSSM) Higgs searches at the LHC
AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00071410; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
Searches for Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) Higgs processes in the context of Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and Next to MSSM (NMSSM) are presented. The results are based on the first LHC run of pp collision data recorded by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the CERN Large Hadron Collider at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 5 and 20 fb-1 respectively. Current searches constrain large parts of the parameter space. No evidence for BSM Higgs is found.
The 3-kind ideals relation and properties of BR0-algebras%BR0-代数三种理想的关系和性质
王娜; 吴洪博
2013-01-01
为了进一步研究BR0-代数的结构.首先在BR0-代数中给出了蕴涵理想,⊙-理想和V-理想的定义；其次,讨论了BR0-代数中这三种理想的关系；最后,研究了BR0-代数中理想的一些性质,并证明了极大理想存在定理.%In order to study the structure of BR0-algebras in depth,firstly,the definitions of implicative ideal,⊙-ideal and V-ideal are given on the BR0-algebras; Secondly,the relation of 3-kind ideals is discussed in the BR0-algebras; Finally,some properties of ideal are researched in the BR0-algebras and maximal ideal existence theorem is proved.
Mask, Lisa; Blanchard, Céline M
2011-09-01
The present study examines the protective role of an autonomous regulation of eating behaviors (AREB) on the relationship between trait body dissatisfaction and women's body image concerns and eating-related intentions in response to "thin ideal" media. Undergraduate women (n=138) were randomly assigned to view a "thin ideal" video or a neutral video. As hypothesized, trait body dissatisfaction predicted more negative affect and size dissatisfaction following exposure to the "thin ideal" video among women who displayed less AREB. Conversely, trait body dissatisfaction predicted greater intentions to monitor food intake and limit unhealthy foods following exposure to the "thin ideal" video among women who displayed more AREB.
SPREADING THE IDEAL OF MASS SHAREOWNERSHIP: PUBLIC RELATIONS AND THE NYSE
Janice Traflet (ed.
2004-01-01
Full Text Available In the 1950s, the New York Stock Exchange, led by President Keith Funston, embarked on an ambitious public relations campaign christened “Own Your Share of American Business.” This paper justaposes the “Own Your Share”campaign with earlier NYSE image-making efforts. Tracing the evolution in Exchange public relations sheds lights on how the Big Board gradually embraced mass shareownership as a worthy goal and endorsed mass merchandising as a legitimate way to achieve it.
A light Higgs scalar in the NMSSM confronted with the latest LHC Higgs data
Cao, Junjie; Han, Chengcheng; Yang, Jin Min; Zhu, Jingya
2013-01-01
In the Next-to-Minimal Supersymemtric Standard Model (NMSSM), one of the neutral Higgs scalars (CP-even or CP-odd) may be lighter than half of the SM-like Higgs boson. In this case, the SM-like Higgs boson h can decay into such a light scalar pair and consequently the diphoton and ZZ signal rates at the LHC will be suppressed. In this work, we examine the constraints of the latest LHC Higgs data on such a possibility. We perform a comprehensive scan over the parameter space of the NMSSM by considering various experimental constraints and find that the LHC Higgs data can readily constrain the parameter space and the properties of the light scalar, e.g., at 3 sigma level this light scalar should be highly singlet dominant and the branching ratio of the SM-like Higgs boson decay into the scalar pair should be less than 30%. Also we investigate the detection of this scalar at various colliders. Through a detailed Monte Carlo simulation we find that under the constraints of the current Higgs data this light scalar...
Collider signatures of a light NMSSM pseudoscalar in neutralino decays in the light of LHC results
Cerdeno, David G; Park, Chan Beom; Peiro, Miguel
2014-01-01
We investigate signatures induced by a very light pseudoscalar Higgs in neutralino decays in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) and determine their observability at the LHC. We concentrate on scenarios which feature two light scalar Higgs bosons (one of them is SM-like with a mass of 125 GeV and a singlet-like lighter one) with a very light (singlet-like) pseudoscalar Higgs in the mass range 2m_tau X_1 a1, which leads to topologies involving multi-leptons and missing transverse energy. We determine a set of selection cuts that can effectively isolate the signal from backgrounds of the Standard Model or the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We also exemplify the procedure with a set of benchmark points, for which we compute the expected number of events and signal strength for LHC with 8 TeV center of mass energy. We show that this signal can already be probed for some points in the NMSSM parameter space.
The Super-Natural Supersymmetry and Its Classic Example: M-Theory Inspired NMSSM
Li, Tianjun; Wang, Xiao-Chuan
2015-01-01
We briefly review the super-natural supersymmetry (SUSY), which provides a most promising solution to the SUSY electroweak fine-tuning problem. In particular, we address its subtle issues as well. Unlike the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard model (MSSM), the Next to MSSM (NMSSM) can be scale invariant and has no mass parameter in its Lagrangian before SUSY and gauge symmetry breakings. Therefore, the NMSSM is a perfect framework for super-natural SUSY. To give the SUSY breaking soft mass to the singlet, we consider the moduli and dilaton dominant SUSY breaking scenarios in M-theory on $S^1/Z_2$. In these scenarios, SUSY is broken by one and only one $F$-term of moduli or dilaton, and the SUSY breaking soft terms can be determined via the K\\"ahler potential and superpotential from Calabi-Yau compactification of M-theory on $S^1/Z_2$. Thus, as predicted by super-natural SUSY, the SUSY electroweak fine-tuning measure is of unity order. In the moduli dominant SUSY breaking scenario, the right-handed sleptons are r...
Probing the NMSSM via Higgs signatures from stop cascade decays at the LHC
Chakraborty, Amit; Mondal, Subhadeep; Poddar, Sujoy; Sengupta, Dipan
2015-01-01
Higgs signatures from the cascade decays of light stops are an interesting possibility in the next to minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM). We investigate the potential reach of the stop mass at the 13 TeV run of the LHC by means of five NMSSM benchmark points where this signature is dominant. These benchmark points are compatible with current Higgs coupling measurements, LHC constraints, dark matter relic density and direct detection constraints. We consider single and di-lepton search strategies, as well as the jet-substructure technique to reconstruct the Higgs bosons. We find that one can probe stop masses up to 1.2 TeV with 300 $\\rm fb^{-1}$ luminosity via the di-lepton channel, while with the jet-substructure method, stop masses up to 1 TeV can be probed with 300 $\\rm fb^{-1}$ luminosity. We also investigate the possibility of the appearance of multiple Higgs peaks over the background in the fat-jet mass distribution, and conclude that such a possibility is viable only at the high luminosity ru...
NMSSM Inflation and Domain Walls from a Tri-critical Point of View
Aval, Hadi Gholian
2016-01-01
In this paper we want to study the conditions in which we could bring a universe filled with different $Z_3$ vacua created during the Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) electroweak symmetry breaking at $\\textit{O} (10)^2$ GeV and a three dimensional three states diluted Potts model together in the same universality class. Then we use Cardy-Jacobsen conjecture to prove that there might be a tri-critical point in the NMSSM electroweak epoch of early universe. We prove that due to the existence of this point there would be no cosmological domain wall problem. Moreover, at this point the heat capacity and correlation length diverge which lead to a huge amount of energy release at constant temperature and a new mechanism for cosmological structure formation. Also, the entropy decrease after the tri-critical phase transition could explain the problem of low initial entropy in early universe. Finally, we combine Cardy-Jacobsen and Yaffe-Svetitsky conjectures to show that there might be a tri-criti...
Teaching Public Relations Management: Bringing "The Ideal" and "The Real" Closer Together.
Turk, Judy VanSlyke; Russell, Maria P.
A study examined the technical versus managerial roles of public relations practitioners. The study investigated what it takes to be a manager, what skills and perspectives are needed by entry-level practitioners as they climb the ladder, and what actions educators should take to ensure that students learn the critical skills. Three hundred…
Benbrik, R.; Heinemeyer, S. [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Gomez Bock, M. [Universidad Autonoma de Puebla (Mexico). Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas; Staal, O.; Weiglein, G.; Zeune, L. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2012-07-15
We confront the discovery of a boson decaying to two photons, as reported recently by ATLAS and CMS, with the corresponding predictions in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM). We perform a scan over the relevant regions of parameter space in both models and evaluate the MSSM and NMSSM predictions for the dominant Higgs production channel and the photon photon decay channel. Taking into account the experimental constraints from previous direct searches, flavour physics, electroweak measurements as well as theoretical considerations, we find that a Higgs signal in the two photon channel with a rate equal to, or above, the SM prediction is viable over the full mass range 123 GeV
V. Ruitinga (Volker)
2011-01-01
textabstractJohn Rawls presents his work on social justice as Ideal Theory. By taking an idealized scenario, he is able to consider the compatibility of different concepts relating to social justice without being hampered by all the complexities of society and its actors; an approach to social theor
Markis, Teresa A; McLennan, Conor T
2011-09-01
Our research examined the effects of thin ideal priming on the perception of body image words in participants without an eating disorder. Half of the participants were primed by viewing thin models, and half were primed with gender-neutral shoes. Subsequently, all participants (N=56) completed a Stroop task for three categories of words: neutral (BOOKS), shoe (CLOGS), and body (THIGHS). Lastly, all participants completed a body dissatisfaction questionnaire. We predicted that body dissatisfaction scores would be correlated with the Stroop effect. We found a significant correlation between body dissatisfaction and the body effect of slower color naming times for the body related words compared to the neutral words. Our study demonstrates that body dissatisfaction and a brief priming with thin models results in subsequent differences in performing a Stroop task in a non clinical population of female participants. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
A 750 GeV diphoton signal from a very light pseudoscalar in the NMSSM
Ellwanger, Ulrich; Hugonie, Cyril
2016-05-01
The excess of events in the diphoton final state near 750 GeV observed by ATLAS and CMS can be explained within the NMSSM near the R-symmetry limit. Both scalars beyond the Standard Model Higgs boson have masses near 750 GeV, mix strongly, and share sizeable production cross sections in association with b-quarks as well as branching fractions into a pair of very light pseudoscalars. Pseudoscalars with a mass of ˜ 210 MeV decay into collimated diphotons, whereas pseudoscalars with a mass of ˜ 500-550 MeV can decay either into collimated diphotons or into three π 0 resulting in collimated photon jets. Various such scenarios are discussed; the dominant constraints on the latter scenario originate from bounds on radiative Y decays, but they allow for a signal cross section up to 6.7 fb times the acceptance for collimated multiphotons to pass as a single photon.
TeV scale mirage mediation in NMSSM and precision Higgs measurement
Okumura, Ken-ichi
2016-01-01
We propose that the TeV scale mirage mediation in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) is a novel solution for the little hierarchy problem in supersymmetry. The 125 GeV Higgs boson can be accommodated with the new quartic coupling or the mixing with the singlet. The fine-tuning measures are estimated numerically and found as low as 10\\% or below for $1.5$ TeV gluino and $1$ TeV stop. The higgsino can be as heavy as 500 GeV without deteriorating the fine-tuning. An undesirable singlet-doublet mixing in the Higgs sector is suppressed due to approximate scale symmetries. We investigate the couplings of the Higgs bosons and discuss the prospects for studying them at LHC and ILC.
The semi-constrained NMSSM satisfying bounds from the LHC, LUX and Planck
Ellwanger, Ulrich
2015-01-01
We study the parameter space of the semi-constrained NMSSM, compatible with constraints on the Standard Model like Higgs mass and signal rates, constraints from searches for squarks and gluinos, a dark matter relic density compatible with bounds from WMAP/Planck, and direct detection cross sections compatible with constraints from LUX. The remaining parameter space allows for a fine-tuning as low as about 100, an additional lighter Higgs boson in the 60-120 GeV mass range detectable in the diphoton mode or in decays into a pair of lighter CP-odd Higgs bosons, and dominantly singlino like dark matter with a mass down to 1 GeV, but possibly a very small direct detection cross section.
Closing the Window on Light Charged Higgs Bosons in the NMSSM
Johan Rathsman
2012-01-01
Full Text Available In the Next-to-Minimal SuperSymmetric Model (NMSSM the lightest CP-odd Higgs bosons (a1 can be very light. As a consequence, in addition to the standard charged Higgs boson (h± decays considered in the MSSM for a light charged Higgs (mh±
A light NMSSM pseudoscalar Higgs boson at the LHC Run 2
Bomark, Nils-Erik; Munir, Shoaib; Roszkowski, Leszek
2015-01-01
We revisit the light pseudoscalar $A_1$ in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) with partial universality at some high unification scale in order to delineate the parameter space regions consistent with up-to-date theoretical and experimental constraints and examine to what extent this state can be probed by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) during Run 2. We find that it can be accessible through a variety of signatures proceeding via $A_1\\to \\tau^+\\tau^-$ and/or $b\\bar b$, the former assuming hadronic decays and the latter two $b$-tags within a fat jet or two separate slim ones. Herein, the light pseudoscalar state is produced from a heavy Higgs boson decay in either pairs or singly in association with a $Z$ boson (in turn decaying into electrons/muons).
Naughty or Nice? The Role of the `N' in the Natural NMSSM for the LHC
Kim, Jong Soo; Tattersall, Jamie
2015-01-01
In this work, we present mass limits on gluinos and stops in a natural Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) with a singlino as the lightest supersymmetric particle. Motivated by naturalness, we consider spectra with light higgsinos, sub-TeV third generation sparticles and gluinos well below the multi-TeV regime while the electroweak gauginos, the sleptons and the first and second generation squarks are decoupled. We check that our natural supersymmetry spectra satisfy all electroweak precision observables and flavour measurements as well as theoretical constraints. By reinterpreting the results from the 8 TeV ATLAS supersymmetry searches we present the 95% CL exclusion limits on the model. The results show that the presence of a singlino LSP can lengthen decay chains and soften the final state particle energies. Whilst this does reduce the strength of the bounds in some areas of parameter space, the LHC still displays good sensitivity to the model.
Light dark matter from the U(1){sub X} sector in the NMSSM with gauge mediation
Kang, Zhaofeng; Li, Tianjun; Liu, Tao; Tong, Chunli; Yang, Jin Min, E-mail: zhfkang@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: tli@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: tliuphy@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: piggy1983@gmail.com, E-mail: jmyang@itp.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Academia Sinica, Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China)
2011-01-01
Cosmic ray anomalies observed by PAMELA and Fermi-LAT experiments may be interpreted by heavy (TeV-scale) dark matter annihilation enhanced by Sommerfeld effects mediated by a very light (sub-GeV) U(1){sub X} gauge boson, while the recent direct searches from CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA experiments may indicate a rather light ( ∼ 7 GeV) dark matter with weak interaction. Motivated by these apparently different scales, we consider a gauge mediated next-to-the minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) entended with a light U(1){sub X} sector plus a heavy sector ( H-bar {sub h},H{sub h}), which can provide both a light ( ∼ 7 GeV) and a heavy (TeV-scale) dark matter without introducing any ad hoc new scale. Through the Yukawa coupling between H{sub h} and the messager fields, the U(1){sub X} gauge symmetry is broken around the GeV scale radiatively and a large negative m{sub S}{sup 2} is generated for the NMSSM singlet S. Furthermore, the small kinetic mixing parameter between U(1){sub X} and U(1){sub Y} is predicted to be θ ∼ 10{sup −5}−10{sup −6} after integrating out the messengers. Such a light dark matter, which can have a normal relic density from the late decay of the right-handed sneutrino (assumed to be the ordinary next-to-the lightest supersymmetric particle and thermally produced in the early Universe), can serve a good candidate to explain the recent CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA results.
One-loop renormalisation of the NMSSM in SloopS : 1. the neutralino-chargino and sfermion sectors
Belanger, G; Boudjema, F; Chalons, G
2016-01-01
We have completed the one-loop renormalisation of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) allowing for and comparing between different renormalisation schemes. A special attention is paid to on-shell schemes. We study a variety of these schemes based on alternative choices of the physical input parameters. In this paper we present our approach to the renormalisation of the NMSSM and report on our results for the neutralino-chargino and sfermion sectors. We will borrow some results from our study of the Higgs sector whose full discussion is left for a separate publication. We have implemented the set up for all the sectors of the NMSSM within \\sloops, a code for the automatic computation of one-loop corrections initially developed for the standard model and the MSSM. Among the many applications that allows the code, we present here the one-loop corrections to neutralino masses and to partial widths of neutralinos and charginos into final states with one gauge boson. One-loop electroweak and Q...
Griffin, Garrett R; Kim, Jennifer C
2013-01-01
The concept of the ideal female eyebrow has changed over time. Modern studies examining youthful brow aesthetics are reviewed. An analysis of ideal female brow characteristics as depicted in the Western print media between 1945 and 2011 was performed. This analysis provided objective evidence that the ideal youthful brow peak has migrated laterally over time to lie at the lateral canthus. There has been a nonstatistically significant trend toward lower and flatter brows. These findings are discussed in relation to current concepts of female brow aging, with repercussions regarding endoscopic brow lift and aesthetic forehead surgery.
Ideals in intimate relationships.
Fletcher, G J; Simpson, J A; Thomas, G; Giles, L
1999-01-01
This research examined lay relationship and partner ideals in romantic relationships from both a social-cognitive and an evolutionary perspective. Studies 1 and 2 revealed that the qualities of an ideal partner were represented by 3 factors (partner warmth-trustworthiness, vitality-attractiveness, and status-resources), whereas the qualities of an ideal relationship were represented by 2 factors (relationship intimacy-loyalty and passion). A confirmatory factor analysis in Study 3 replicated these factor structures but found considerable overlap across the partner and relationship dimensions. Studies 4 and 5 produced convergent and discriminant validity evidence for all 5 factors. Study 6 indicated that the higher the consistency between the ideals and related assessments of the current partner and relationship, the more positively the current relationship was evaluated.
Goldfarb, Dori E.
2002-01-01
Examines relationships between depression, hopelessness, actual-ideal self-discrepancies (AISDs), and clients' expectations about counseling among 80 college students. Less hopeless participants expected more improvement from and more commitment to counseling. No significant relationships were found between depression or AISDs and expectations…
Morrison, Todd G.; Sheahan, Emer E.
2009-01-01
This study examined whether the gender-related discourses of self-objectification, self-silencing, and anger suppression mediated the association between internalization of the thin-body ideal and body dissatisfaction and eating pathology. We employed a cross-sectional design to study both university (n = 140) and community (n = 76) samples of…
de Ruyter, Doret J.; Spiecker, Ben
2008-01-01
This article argues that sex education should include sexual ideals. Sexual ideals are divided into sexual ideals in the strict sense and sexual ideals in the broad sense. It is argued that ideals that refer to the context that is deemed to be most ideal for the gratification of sexual ideals in the strict sense are rightfully called sexual…
The NMSSM lives: with the 750 GeV diphoton excess
Domingo, Florian; Heinemeyer, Sven [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Instituto de Fisica Teorica (UAM/CSIC), Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Kim, Jong Soo [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Instituto de Fisica Teorica (UAM/CSIC), Madrid (Spain); Rolbiecki, Krzysztof [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Instituto de Fisica Teorica (UAM/CSIC), Madrid (Spain); University of Warsaw, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw (Poland)
2016-05-15
We propose an NMSSM scenario that can explain the excess in the diphoton spectrum at 750 GeV recently observed by ATLAS and CMS. We show that in a certain limit with a very light pseudoscalar one can reproduce the experimental results without invoking exotic matter. The 750 GeV excess is produced by two resonant heavy Higgs bosons with masses ∝ 750 GeV, which subsequently decay to two light pseudoscalars. Each of these decays to collimated photon pairs that appear as a single photon in the electromagnetic calorimeter. A mass gap between heavy Higgses mimics a large width of the 750 GeV peak. The production mechanism, containing a strong component via initial b quarks, ameliorates a possible tension with 8 TeV data compared to other production modes. We also discuss other constraints, in particular from low-energy experiments. Finally, we discuss possible methods that could distinguish our proposal from other physics models describing the diphoton excess in the Run-II of the LHC. (orig.)
The NMSSM lives: with the 750 GeV diphoton excess
Domingo, Florian; Heinemeyer, Sven; Kim, Jong Soo; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof
2016-05-01
We propose an NMSSM scenario that can explain the excess in the diphoton spectrum at 750 GeV recently observed by ATLAS and CMS. We show that in a certain limit with a very light pseudoscalar one can reproduce the experimental results without invoking exotic matter. The 750 GeV excess is produced by two resonant heavy Higgs bosons with masses {˜ }750 GeV, which subsequently decay to two light pseudoscalars. Each of these decays to collimated photon pairs that appear as a single photon in the electromagnetic calorimeter. A mass gap between heavy Higgses mimics a large width of the 750 GeV peak. The production mechanism, containing a strong component via initial b quarks, ameliorates a possible tension with 8 TeV data compared to other production modes. We also discuss other constraints, in particular from low-energy experiments. Finally, we discuss possible methods that could distinguish our proposal from other physics models describing the diphoton excess in the Run-II of the LHC.
Enhanced Higgs associated production with a top quark pair in the NMSSM with light singlets
Badziak, Marcin; Wagner, Carlos E. M.
2017-02-01
Precision measurements of the 125 GeV Higgs resonance recently discovered at the LHC have determined that its properties are similar to the ones of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson. However, the current uncertainties in the determination of the Higgs boson couplings leave room for significant deviations from the SM expectations. In fact, if one assumes no correlation between the top-quark and gluon couplings to the Higgs, the current global fit to the Higgs data lead to central values of the Higgs couplings to the bottom-quark and the top-quark that are about 2 σ away from the SM predictions. In a previous work, we showed that such a scenario could be realized in the Next to Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the SM (NMSSM), for heavy singlets and light MSSM-like Higgs bosons and scalar top quarks, but for couplings that ruined the perturbative consistency of the theory up to the GUT scale. In this work we show that a perturbative consistent scenario, for somewhat heavier stops, may be obtained in the presence of light singlets. An interesting bonus of this scenario is the possibility of explaining an excess of events observed in CP-even Higgs searches at LEP2.
Enhanced Higgs associated production with a top quark pair in the NMSSM with light singlets
Badziak, Marcin
2016-01-01
Precision measurements of the 125 GeV Higgs resonance recently discovered at the LHC have determined that its properties are similar to the ones of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson. However, the current uncertainties in the determination of the Higgs boson couplings leave room for significant deviations from the SM expectations. In fact, if one assumes no correlation between the top-quark and gluon couplings to the Higgs, the current global fit to the Higgs data lead to central values of the Higgs couplings to the bottom-quark and the top-quark that are about 2 $\\sigma$ away from the SM predictions. In a previous work, we showed that such a scenario could be realized in the Next to Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the SM (NMSSM), for heavy singlets and light MSSM-like Higgs bosons and scalar top quarks, but for couplings that ruined the perturbative consistency of the theory up to the GUT scale. In this work we show that a perturbative consistent scenario, for somewhat heavier stops, may be obtained in ...
On-shell neutral Higgs bosons in the NMSSM with complex parameters
Domingo, Florian; Drechsel, Peter; Paßehr, Sebastian
2017-08-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard model (NMSSM) appears as an interesting candidate for the interpretation of the Higgs measurement at the LHC and as a rich framework embedding physics beyond the Standard Model. We consider the renormalization of the Higgs sector of this model in its CP-violating version, and propose a renormalization scheme for the calculation of on-shell Higgs masses. Moreover, the connection between the physical states and the tree-level ones is no longer trivial at the radiative level: a proper description of the corresponding transition thus proves necessary in order to calculate Higgs production and decays at a consistent loop order. After discussing these formal aspects, we compare the results of our mass calculation to the output of existing tools. We also study the relevance of the on-shell transition matrix in the example of the h_i→ τ ^+τ ^- width. We find deviations between our full prescription and popular approximations that can exceed 10%.
The NMSSM lives - with the 750 GeV diphoton excess
Domingo, F; Kim, J S; Rolbiecki, K
2016-01-01
We propose an NMSSM scenario that can explain the excess in the diphoton spectrum at 750 GeV recently observed by ATLAS and CMS. We show that in a certain limit with a very light pseudoscalar one can reproduce the experimental results without invoking exotic matter. The 750 GeV excess is produced by two resonant heavy Higgs bosons with masses \\sim 750 GeV, that subsequently decay to two light pseudoscalars. Each of these decays to collimated photon pairs that appear as a single photon in the electromagnetic calorimeter. A mass gap between heavy Higgses mimics a large width of the 750 GeV peak. The production mechanism, containing a strong component via initial b quarks, ameliorates a possible tension with 8 TeV data compared to other production modes. We also discuss other constraints, in particular from low energy experiments. Finally, we discuss possible methods that could distinguish our proposal from other physics models describing the diphoton excess in the Run-II of the LHC.
Improved prediction for the mass of the W boson in the NMSSM
Stål, Oscar; Zeune, Lisa
2015-01-01
Electroweak precision observables, being highly sensitive to loop contributions of new physics, provide a powerful tool to test the theory and to discriminate between different models of the underlying physics. In that context, the $W$ boson mass, $M_W$, plays a crucial role. The accuracy of the $M_W$ measurement has been significantly improved over the last years, and further improvement of the experimental accuracy is expected from future LHC measurements. In order to fully exploit the precise experimental determination, an accurate theoretical prediction for $M_W$ in the Standard Model (SM) and extensions of it is of central importance. We present the currently most accurate prediction for the $W$ boson mass in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM), including the full one-loop result and all available higher-order corrections of SM and SUSY type. The evaluation of $M_W$ is performed in a flexible framework, which facilitates the extension to other models beyond the SM. ...
Enhancement of associated H{sup {+-}}W{sup -+} productionin the NMSSM
Enberg, R. [Uppsala Univ., Uppsala (Sweden). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Pasechnik, R. [Lund Univ., Lund (Sweden). Dept. of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics; Staal, O. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2011-12-15
We study the associated production of a charged Higgs and a W boson in high-energy pp collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. This is an interesting process for charged Higgs discovery, or exclusion, since the production cross section could depend strongly on the model, offering potential discriminating power between supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model with minimal or extended Higgs sectors. We compute the cross section for this process in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), at the tree level for quark-quark scattering and at one-loop level for gluon-gluon scattering. The most important corrections beyond leading order are taken into account using an improved Born approximation. We find that the pp {yields} H{sup {+-}}W{sup -+} cross section can be resonantly enhanced by up to an order of magnitude over its MSSM value (both for {radical}(s)=7 TeV and 14 TeV) through the contributions of heavy, neutral, singlet-dominated Higgs bosons appearing in the s-channel. Since such Higgs mass configurations are normally not possible in the MSSM, the observation of associated H{sup {+-}}W{sup -+} production at the LHC could provide a striking, although indirect, signature of a more complicated Higgs sector. (orig.)
Interpreting 750 GeV Diphoton Resonance in the NMSSM with Vector-like Particles
Wang, Fei; Wu, Lei; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, Mengchao
2015-01-01
In this work, we explain the recent observed 750 GeV diphoton resonance in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) by introducing vector-like chiral superfields. Such an extension is well motivated from the top-down view since some grand unified theories usually predict the existence of singlet scalars and vector-like particles at weak scale. In our model, the 750 GeV resonance can be interpreted as two nearly degenerate singlet-like Higgs bosons ($m_{h_2}\\approx m_{a_1} \\approx 750$ GeV). The decays of $h_2/a_1 \\to \\gamma\\gamma$ are dominated by the vector-like squarks with large mixing, which can also enhance the production cross section of $gg \\to h_2/a_1$. Under the constraints from the Higgs data and dark matter detection, we scan the parameter space and find that such a model can successfully accounts for the diphoton excess.
Castonguay, Andree L; Brunet, Jennifer; Ferguson, Leah; Sabiston, Catherine M
2012-09-01
The aim of this study was to examine the associations between women's actual:ideal weight-related self-discrepancies and experiences of weight-related shame, guilt, and authentic pride using self-discrepancy (Higgins, 1987) and self-conscious emotion (Tracy & Robins, 2004) theories as guiding frameworks. Participants (N=398) completed self-report questionnaires. Main analyses involved polynomial regressions, followed by the computation and evaluation of response surface values. Actual and ideal weight self-states were related to shame (R2 = .35), guilt (R2 = .25), and authentic pride (R2 = .08). When the discrepancy between actual and ideal weights increased, shame and guilt also increased, while authentic pride decreased. Findings provide partial support for self-discrepancy theory and the process model of self-conscious emotions. Experiencing weight-related self-discrepancies may be important cognitive appraisals related to shame, guilt, and authentic pride. Further research is needed exploring the relations between self-discrepancies and a range of weight-related self-conscious emotions.
Baule, A; Evans, R M L; Olmsted, P D
2006-12-01
We revisit the paradigm of an ideal gas under isothermal conditions. A moving piston performs work on an ideal gas in a container that is strongly coupled to a heat reservoir. The thermal coupling is modeled by stochastic scattering at the boundaries. In contrast to recent studies of an adiabatic ideal gas with a piston [R.C. Lua and A.Y. Grosberg, J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 6805 (2005); I. Bena, Europhys. Lett. 71, 879 (2005)], the container and piston stay in contact with the heat bath during the work process. Under this condition the heat reservoir as well as the system depend on the work parameter lambda and microscopic reversibility is broken for a moving piston. Our model is thus not included in the class of systems for which the nonequilibrium work theorem has been derived rigorously either by Hamiltonian [C. Jarzynski, J. Stat. Mech. (2004) P09005] or stochastic methods [G.E. Crooks, J. Stat. Phys. 90, 1481 (1998)]. Nevertheless the validity of the nonequilibrium work theorem is confirmed both numerically for a wide range of parameter values and analytically in the limit of a very fast moving piston, i.e., in the far nonequilibrium regime.
Lund, Rebecca
This thesis explores how notions of what constitutes good academic work and the valuable academic are changing shaped by capitalism and neoliberalism. Taking the standpoint of junior female scholars the thesis explores how the “ideal academic” is constructed and how gendered social relations...
Peters, Ryan M; Staibano, Phillip; Goldreich, Daniel
2015-12-01
The ability to resolve the orientation of edges is crucial to daily tactile and sensorimotor function, yet the means by which edge perception occurs is not well understood. Primate cortical area 3b neurons have diverse receptive field (RF) spatial structures that may participate in edge orientation perception. We evaluated five candidate RF models for macaque area 3b neurons, previously recorded while an oriented bar contacted the monkey's fingertip. We used a Bayesian classifier to assign each neuron a best-fit RF structure. We generated predictions for human performance by implementing an ideal observer that optimally decoded stimulus-evoked spike counts in the model neurons. The ideal observer predicted a saturating reduction in bar orientation discrimination threshold with increasing bar length. We tested 24 humans on an automated, precision-controlled bar orientation discrimination task and observed performance consistent with that predicted. We next queried the ideal observer to discover the RF structure and number of cortical neurons that best matched each participant's performance. Human perception was matched with a median of 24 model neurons firing throughout a 1-s period. The 10 lowest-performing participants were fit with RFs lacking inhibitory sidebands, whereas 12 of the 14 higher-performing participants were fit with RFs containing inhibitory sidebands. Participants whose discrimination improved as bar length increased to 10 mm were fit with longer RFs; those who performed well on the 2-mm bar, with narrower RFs. These results suggest plausible RF features and computational strategies underlying tactile spatial perception and may have implications for perceptual learning.
Fuzzy dot ideals and fuzzy dot H-ideals of BCH-algebras
PENG Jia-yin
2008-01-01
The notions of fuzzy dot ideals and fuzzy dot H-ideals in BCH-algebras are intro duced,several appropriate examples are provided,and their some properties are investigated.The relations among fuzzy ideal,fuzzy H-ideal,fuzzy dot ideal and fuzzy dot H-ideals in BCH algebras are discussed,several equivalent depictions of fuzzy dot ideal are obtained. How to deal with the homomorphic image and inverse image of fuzzy dot ideals (fuzzy dot H-ideals) are studied. The relations between a fuzzy dot ideal (fuzzy dot H-ideal) in BCH-algebras and a fuzzy dot ideal (fuzzy dot H-ideal) in the product algebra of BCH-algebras are given.
Cerdeno, D G; Robles, S
2015-01-01
We study spectral features in the gamma-ray emission from dark matter (DM) annihilation in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), with either neutralino or right-handed (RH) sneutrino DM. We perform a series of scans over the NMSSM parameter space, compute the DM annihilation cross section into two photons and the contribution of box-shaped features, and compare them with the limits derived from the Fermi-LAT search for gamma-ray lines using the latest Pass 8 data. We implement the LHC bounds on the Higgs sector and on the masses of supersymmetric particles as well as the constraints on low-energy observables. We also consider the recent upper limits from the Fermi-LAT satellite on the continuum gamma-ray emission from dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs). We show that in the case of the RH sneutrino the constraint on gamma-ray spectral features can be more stringent than the dSphs bounds. This is due to the Breit-Wigner enhancement near the ubiquitous resonances with a CP even Higgs and the ...
The Spatial-Temporal Characteristic of Ideal Reactors and Their Inherent Relations%理想反应器的时空特性和内在联系
李翔; 王安杰; 陈永英
2016-01-01
On the basis of spatial-temporal characteristic of ideal reactors, the inherent relations among the batch reactor, the plug flow reactor (PFR), and the continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) were discussed. Both the F and E functions of the recycle PFR reactor were derived. The role of CSTR in series or the recycle PFR as a bridge or a link among the ideal reactors was addressed. Based on the discussion, the relations among the ideal reactors were briefly summarized.%以理想反应器时间和空间特性为出发点，探讨了间歇操作釜式反应器(BR)、平推流反应器(PFR)和全混流反应器(CSTR)等理想反应器之间的内在联系，推导了循环操作PFR反应器的停留时间分布函数，分析了多段串联全混流反应器和循环操作PFR反应器在各理想反应器之间的桥梁和纽带作用。在此基础上，简要归纳了各理想反应器之间的联系。
Merabet, Lotfi B.; Rizzo, Joseph F., III; Pascual-Leone, Alvaro; Fernandez, Eduardo
2007-03-01
Appropriate delivery of electrical stimulation to intact visual structures can evoke patterned sensations of light in individuals who have been blind for many years. This pivotal finding has lent credibility to the concept of restoring functional vision by artificial means. As numerous groups worldwide pursue human clinical testing with visual prosthetic devices, it is becoming increasingly clear that there remains a considerable gap between the challenges of prosthetic device development and the rehabilitative strategies needed to implement this new technology in patients. An important area of future work will be the development of appropriate pre- and post-implantation measures of performance and establishing candidate selection criteria in order to quantify technical advances, guide future device design and optimize therapeutic success. We propose that the selection of an 'ideal' candidate should also be considered within the context of the variable neuroplastic changes that follow vision loss. Specifically, an understanding of the adaptive and compensatory changes that occur within the brain could assist in guiding the development of post-implantation rehabilitative strategies and optimize behavioral outcomes.
Rottlaender, Iris
2008-08-15
An evaluation of the discovery potential for NMSSM Higgs bosons of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC is presented. For this purpose, seven two-dimensional benchmark planes in the six-dimensional parameter space of the NMSSM Higgs sector are defined. These planes include different types of phenomenology for which the discovery of NMSSM Higgs bosons is especially challenging and which are considered typical for the NMSSM. They are subsequently used to give a detailed evaluation of the Higgs boson discovery potential based on Monte Carlo studies from the ATLAS collaboration. Afterwards, the possibility of discovering NMSSM Higgs bosons via the H{sub 1}{yields}A{sub 1}A{sub 1}{yields}4{tau}{yields}4{mu}+8{nu} decay chain and with the vector boson fusion production mode is investigated. A particular emphasis is put on the mass reconstruction from the complex final state. Furthermore, a study of the jet reconstruction performance at the ATLAS experiment which is of crucial relevance for vector boson fusion searches is presented. A good detectability of the so-called tagging jets that originate from the scattered partons in the vector boson fusion process is of critical importance for an early Higgs boson discovery in many models and also within the framework of the NMSSM. (orig.)
Albinus, Lars
2016-01-01
Nietzsches og Foucaults fremstilling af vestens asketiske ideal i religion, videnskab og filosofi......Nietzsches og Foucaults fremstilling af vestens asketiske ideal i religion, videnskab og filosofi...
Albinus, Lars
2016-01-01
Nietzsches og Foucaults fremstilling af vestens asketiske ideal i religion, videnskab og filosofi......Nietzsches og Foucaults fremstilling af vestens asketiske ideal i religion, videnskab og filosofi...
Constraints on a very light CP-odd Higgs of the NMSSM and other axion-like particles
Andreas, Sarah; Lebedev, Oleg; Ramos-Sanchez, Saul; Ringwald, Andreas
2010-05-15
In the NMSSM, a light CP-odd Higgs arises due to spontaneous breaking of approximate symmetries such as Peccei-Quinn or R-symmetry and is motivated by string theory. The case when it is heavier than two muons is well studied and constrained. We analyze various meson decay, g-2, beam dump and reactor bounds on the CP-odd Higgs with mass below the muon threshold, in particular, addressing the question how light a CP-odd Higgs can be. We nd that it has to be heavier than 210 MeV or have couplings to fermions 4 orders of magnitude below those of the Standard Model Higgs. Our analysis applies more generally to couplings of a light pseudoscalar to matter. (orig.)
Loverude, Michael E.; Kautz, Christian H.; Heron, Paula R. L.
2002-01-01
Reports on an investigation of student understanding of the first law of thermodynamics. Involves students from a first-year university physics course and a second-year thermal physics course. Focuses on the ability of students to relate the first law to the adiabatic physics course. Discusses implications for thermal physics and mechanics…
Loverude, Michael E.; Kautz, Christian H.; Heron, Paula R. L.
2002-01-01
Reports on an investigation of student understanding of the first law of thermodynamics. Involves students from a first-year university physics course and a second-year thermal physics course. Focuses on the ability of students to relate the first law to the adiabatic physics course. Discusses implications for thermal physics and mechanics…
Cerdeño, D. G.; Peiró, M.; Robles, S.
2016-04-01
We study spectral features in the gamma-ray emission from dark matter (DM) annihilation in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), with either neutralino or right-handed (RH) sneutrino DM . We perform a series of scans over the NMSSM parameter space, compute the DM annihilation cross section into two photons and the contribution of box-shaped features, and compare them with the limits derived from the Fermi-LAT search for gamma-ray lines using the latest Pass 8 data. We implement the LHC bounds on the Higgs sector and on the masses of supersymmetric particles as well as the constraints on low-energy observables. We also consider the recent upper limits from the Fermi-LAT satellite on the continuum gamma-ray emission from dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs). We show that in the case of the RH sneutrino the constraint on gamma-ray spectral features can be more stringent than the dSph bounds. This is due to the Breit-Wigner enhancement near the ubiquitous resonances with a CP even Higgs and the contribution of scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs final states to box-shaped features. By contrast, for neutralino DM, the di-photon final state is only enhanced in the resonance with a Z boson and box-shaped features are even more suppressed. Therefore, the observation of spectral features could constitute a discriminating factor between both models. In addition, we compare our results with direct DM searches, including the SuperCDMS and LUX limits on the elastic DM-nucleus scattering cross section and show that some of these scenarios would be accessible to next generation experiments. Thus, our findings strengthen the idea of complementarity among distinct DM search strategies.
Changing Masculinity Ideals in a Danish Context
Bloksgaard, Lotte; Christensen, Ann-Dorte
, indicating that Danish masculinity ideals may be under change. Also several Nordic studies emphasize that traditional masculinity ideals are challenged by new, more ‘modern’ masculinity ideals related to fatherhood, child care and gender equality. The first part of the paper develops an analytical model...... of the paper is an empirical analysis of different masculinity ideals in contemporary Danish society (the emotional man, the ideal masculine worker, and the involved father). The analysis indicates that dominant masculinity ideals in Denmark are relatively oriented towards families and towards gender equality....... However, at the micro level the picture get more blurred, and consensus about dominating masculinity ideals (related to gender equality) are characterized by complexity and ambiguity: In practice ambiguous masculinity ideals has been located that both support gender equality (for example involved...
Thompson, Katherine A; Kelly, Nichole R; Schvey, Natasha A; Brady, Sheila M; Courville, Amber B; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Yanovski, Susan Z; Yanovski, Jack A; Shomaker, Lauren B
2017-01-01
Appearance-related pressures have been associated with binge eating in previous studies. Yet, it is unclear if these pressures are associated with emotional eating or if specific sources of pressure are differentially associated with emotional eating. We studied the associations between multiple sources of appearance-related pressures, including pressure to be thin and pressure to increase muscularity, and emotional eating in 300 adolescents (Mage=15.3, SD=1.4, 60% female). Controlling for age, race, puberty, body mass index (BMI) z-score, and sex, both pressure to be thin and pressure to be more muscular from same-sex peers were positively associated with emotional eating in response to feeling angry/frustrated and unsettled (psPressure from same-sex peers to be more muscular also was associated with eating when depressed (ppressure from opposite-sex peers related to eating in response to anger/frustration (ppressures from mothers and fathers with emotional eating were non-significant. Results considering sex as a moderator of the associations between appearance-related pressures and emotional eating were non-significant. Findings illustrate that both pressure to be thin and muscular from peers are related to more frequent emotional eating among both boys and girls, and these associations are explained through internalization of appearance-related ideals. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Marko Popović
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Most people would face a problem if there is a need to calculate the mole fraction of a substance A in a gaseous solution (a thermodynamic system containing two or more ideal gases knowing its molarity at a given temperature and pressure. For most it would take a lot of time and calculations to find the answer, especially because the quantities of other substances in the system aren't given. An even greater problem arises when we try to understand how special relativity affects gaseous systems, especially solutions and systems in equilibrium. In this paper formulas are suggested that greatly shorten the process of conversion from molarity to mole fraction and give us a better insight into the relativistic effects on a gaseous system.
Ameer Jaber
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Problem Statement: Graded commutative ring with unity over an abelian group were introduced by many authors such as T. Y. Lam and C. T. C. Wall, and almost prime ideals over commutative rings with unity were introduced by S.M. Batwadeker and P.K. Sharma, and this forced us to try to extend the theory of almost and n-almost prime ideals to the graded case. Approach: We develop the theory of almost and n-almost prime ideals to the graded case. Results: We extended some basic results about almost and n-almost prime ideals to the graded case, and then we gave a relationship between n-almost graded prime ideals and weakly graded prime ideals. Conclusion: The extended results about almost and n-almost graded prime ideals allow us to classify further properties about almost graded prime ideals. 2000 AMS Mathematics Subject Classification: 13 A 02.
Clark, Timothy B P
2011-01-01
In this paper we investigate the class of rigid monomial ideals. We give a characterization of the minimal free resolutions of certain classes of these ideals. Specifically, we show that the ideals in a particular subclass of rigid monomial ideals are lattice-linear and thus their minimal resolution can be constructed as a poset resolution. We then use this result to give a description of the minimal free resolution of a larger class of rigid monomial ideals by using $\\mathcal{L}(n)$, the lattice of all lcm-lattices of monomial ideals with $n$ generators. By fixing a stratum in $\\mathcal{L}(n)$ where all ideals have the same total Betti numbers we show that rigidity is a property which is upward closed in $\\mathcal{L}(n)$. Furthermore, the minimal resolution of all rigid ideals contained in a fixed stratum is shown to be isomorphic to the constructed minimal resolution.
On Rough Intuitionistic Fuzzy Ideals(Filters) in Lattices
HE Peng-fei; YANG Yong-wei; XIN Xiao-long
2014-01-01
In this paper, we introduce a new algebraic structure, called a rough intuitionistic fuzzy ideal(filter) which is a generalized intuitionistic fuzzy ideal(filter) of a lattice and study some related properties of such ideals(filters).
Ellwanger, Ulrich; Hugonie, Cyril
2006-08-01
We describe the improved properties of the NMHDECAY program, that is designed to compute Higgs and sparticle masses and Higgs decay widths in the NMSSM. In the version 2.0, Higgs decays into squarks and sleptons are included, accompanied by a calculation of the squark, gluino and slepton spectrum and tests against constraints from LEP and the Tevatron. Further radiative corrections are included in the Higgs mass calculation. A link to MicrOMEGAs allows to compute the dark matter relic density, and a rough (lowest order) calculation of BR (b→sγ) is performed. Finally, version 2.1 allows to integrate the RGEs for the soft terms up to the GUT scale. Program summaryTitle of program:NMHDECAY_SCAN, NMHDECAY_SLHA Catalogue identifier:ADXW_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADXW_v1_0 Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions:none Programming language used:Fortran Computer:Mac, PC, Sun, Dec, Alpha Operating system:Mac OSX, Linux, Unix, Windows No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:20 060 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.:133 644 RAM:2M bytes Distribution format:tar.gz Number of processors used:1 Classification:11.6 Journal reference of previous version:JHEP 0502:066, 2005 Does the new version supersede the previous version?:Yes Nature of problem:Computation of the Higgs and sparticle spectrum in the NMSSM and check of theoretical and experimental constraints. Solution method:Mass matrices including up to 2 loop radiative corrections for the Higgs bosons and all sparticles are computed and diagonalized. All Higgs decay widths are computed and branching ratios are compared to experimental bounds. Renormalisation group equations are integrated up to the GUT scale using a modified Runge-Kutta method, in order to check for the absence of a Landau pole. A modified version of MicrOmegas_1.3 can be called in order to compute the relic
Weinhold'length in an isentropic Ideal and quasi-Ideal Gas
Santoro, Manuel
2004-01-01
In this paper we study thermodynamic length of an isentropic Ideal and quasi-Ideal Gas using Weinhold metric in a two-dimensional state space. We give explicit relation between length at constant entropy and work.
Generalized fuzzy ideals of near-rings
ZHAN Jian-ming; Dawaz B.
2009-01-01
The concept of ((∈),(∈)V (q))-fuzzy subnear-rings (ideals) of a near-ring is introduced and some of its related properties are investigated. In particular, the relationships among ordinary fuzzy subnear-rings (ideals), (∈,∈V q)-fuzzy subnear-rings (ideals) and ((∈),(∈)V (q))-fuzzy subnearrings (ideals) of near-rings are described. Finally, some characterization of [μ]t is given by means of (∈,∈V q)-fuzzy ideals.
Generalizing Tanisaki's ideal via ideals of truncated symmetric functions
Mbirika, Aba
2010-01-01
We define a family of ideals I_h in the polynomial ring Z[x_1,x_2,...,x_n] that are parametrized by Hessenberg functions h (equivalently Dyck paths or ample partitions). The ideals I_h generalize algebraically a family of ideals called the Tanisaki ideal, which is used in a geometric construction of permutation representations called Springer theory. To define I_h, we use polynomials in a subset of the variables {x_1,...,x_n} that are symmetric under the corresponding permutation subgroup. We call these polynomials truncated symmetric functions and show combinatorial identities relating different kinds of truncated symmetric polynomials. We then prove several key properties of I_h, including that if h > h' in the natural partial order on Dyck paths then I_h \\subset I_{h'}, and explicitly construct a Grobner basis for I_h. We define a second family of ideals J_h for which some of the claims are easier to see, and then prove that I_h = J_h. Using earlier work of the first author, the current manuscript proves t...
Search for a Light NMSSM Higgs Boson in the b-Quark Final State at the LHC
Gregor Mittag, geb. Hellwig
2015-01-01
A search for a light neutral Higgs boson decaying into a pair of b quarks is presented.Such Higgs bosons are predicted by certain scenarios of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), whose Higgs sector has two complex Higgsdoublets and an additional Higgs singlet. If the lightest Higgs boson has a sizeablesinglet admixture, it may have escaped detection in previous searches at LEP, Tevatron, and LHC, but could be produced at a substantial rate in neutralino decayswithin supersymmetric cascades. This analysis is the ﬁrst search for Higgs bosonsin the mass range below 100 GeV in the b-quark ﬁnal state at the LHC. It uses adata sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb−1 , which has beenrecorded by the CMS experiment in 2012 at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. Eventswith a pair of b-tagged jets, at least two very energetic jets, and large missing energyare selected. The invariant mass of the two selected b-tagged jets is used to extractthe signal. The observed invarian...
The 125 GeV Higgs in the NMSSM in light of LHC results and astrophysics constraints
Vasquez, Daniel Albornoz; Boehm, Celine; Da Silva, Jonathan; Richardson, Peter; Wymant, Chris
2012-01-01
Recent LHC data suggest an excess in the Higgs decay channels into gamma gamma, W W and Z Z at roughly 125 GeV. The current excess in the diphoton channel is twice that expected from a Standard Model Higgs; whilst this may well change with more statistics, it is interesting to consider the implications should the result persist. Here, we assess whether the NMSSM with a neutralino dark matter candidate could explain this excess when astrophysical constraints (e.g. no overproduction of gamma rays and radio emission in the galaxy, no anomalous excess in the dark matter direct detection experiments and no dark matter overabundance) are imposed on the neutralino. This enables us to disregard unphysical regions of the parameter space even though the Higgs signal is compatible with the observed excess. The result of our analysis is that there are configurations of the parameter space which can explain the signal strength reported by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations for a Higgs mass within the required range. Should ...
Non-ideal memristors for a non-ideal world
Gale, Ella
2016-01-01
Memristors have pinched hysteresis loops in the $V-I$ plane. Ideal memristors are everywhere non-linear, cross at zero and are rotationally symmetric. In this paper we extend memristor theory to produce different types of non-ideality and find that: including a background current (such as an ionic current) moves the crossing point away from zero; including a degradation resistance (that increases with experimental time) leads to an asymmetry; modelling a low resistance filament in parallel describes triangular $V-I$ curves with a straight-line low resistance state. A novel measurement of hysteresis asymmetry was introduced based on hysteresis and it was found that which lobe was bigger depended on the size of the breaking current relative to the memristance. The hysteresis varied differently with each type of non-ideality, suggesting that measurements of several device I-V curves and calculation of these parameters could give an indication of the underlying mechanism.
Zhi De YU
2003-01-01
In the paper, we study a class of standard ideals which are more general than the m-primarystandard ideals discussed in [2]. We will prove an important equality concerning I-weak sequences; thusa generalization of the equality of [2] is established.
The Circuit Ideal of a Vector Configuration
Jensen, Anders Nedergaard; Bogart, Tristram; Thomas, Rekha
The circuit ideal, $\\ica$, of a configuration $\\A = \\{\\a_1, ..., \\a_n\\} \\subset \\Z^d$ is the ideal generated by the binomials ${\\x}^{\\cc^+} - {\\x}^{\\cc^-} \\in \\k[x_1, ..., x_n]$ as $\\cc = \\cc^+ - \\cc^- \\in \\Z^n$ varies over the circuits of $\\A$. This ideal is contained in the toric ideal, $\\ia......$, of $\\A$ which has numerous applications and is nontrivial to compute. Since circuits can be computed using linear algebra and the two ideals often coincide, it is worthwhile to understand when equality occurs. In this paper we study $\\ica$ in relation to $\\ia$ from various algebraic and combinatorial...... perspectives. We prove that the obstruction to equality of the ideals is the existence of certain polytopes. This result is based on a complete characterization of the standard pairs/associated primes of a monomial initial ideal of $\\ica$ and their differences from those for the corresponding toric initial...
Tensor norms and operator ideals
Defant, A; Floret, K
1992-01-01
The three chapters of this book are entitled Basic Concepts, Tensor Norms, and Special Topics. The first may serve as part of an introductory course in Functional Analysis since it shows the powerful use of the projective and injective tensor norms, as well as the basics of the theory of operator ideals. The second chapter is the main part of the book: it presents the theory of tensor norms as designed by Grothendieck in the Resumé and deals with the relation between tensor norms and operator ideals. The last chapter deals with special questions. Each section is accompanied by a series of exer
The Idealized Cultural Encounter
Christiansen, Lene Bull
). This paper proposes to study cultural encounters which are organised around ideals of cultural difference as a positive social and political force. The Danish People to People NGO Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke (MS) is build around ideals of equality, co-operation, mutuality and solidarity between people...... framework for an investigation into MS’ organisation of what I have termed ‘the idealized cultural encounter’, while also questioning the ways in which ‘culture’ is envisioned in contexts where ‘encounter’ is seen as a positive and desirable force....
The Idealized Cultural Encounter
Christiansen, Lene Bull
). This paper proposes to study cultural encounters which are organised around ideals of cultural difference as a positive social and political force. The Danish People to People NGO Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke (MS) is build around ideals of equality, co-operation, mutuality and solidarity between people...... framework for an investigation into MS’ organisation of what I have termed ‘the idealized cultural encounter’, while also questioning the ways in which ‘culture’ is envisioned in contexts where ‘encounter’ is seen as a positive and desirable force....
Jacques Arnaud; Laurent Chusseau; Fabrice Philippe
2013-01-01
We show that the thermodynamics of ideal gases may be derived solely from the Democritean concept of corpuscles moving in vacuum plus a principle of simplicity, namely that these laws are independent...
Thomsen, Line Hassall
ITV. En unik adgang til redaktioner, redaktionsmøder og journalisters daglige arbejdsgang giver et nyt indblik i journalistisk praksis i dag. Afhandlingen udfolder et spændingsfelt mellem journalisternes professionsidealer og de produktionsvilkår, de er underlagt. Denne forskel mellem ideal og...... realitet udforskes og analyseres som en konstant spænding mellem nye udfordringer og gamle, journalistiske idealer....
Thomsen, Line Hassall
ITV. En unik adgang til redaktioner, redaktionsmøder og journalisters daglige arbejdsgang giver et nyt indblik i journalistisk praksis i dag. Afhandlingen udfolder et spændingsfelt mellem journalisternes professionsidealer og de produktionsvilkår, de er underlagt. Denne forskel mellem ideal og...... realitet udforskes og analyseres som en konstant spænding mellem nye udfordringer og gamle, journalistiske idealer....
Developmental Idealism in China.
Thornton, Arland; Xie, Yu
2016-10-01
This paper examines the intersection of developmental idealism with China. It discusses how developmental idealism has been widely disseminated within China and has had enormous effects on public policy and programs, on social institutions, and on the lives of individuals and their families. This dissemination of developmental idealism to China began in the 19(th) century, when China met with several military defeats that led many in the country to question the place of China in the world. By the beginning of the 20(th) century, substantial numbers of Chinese had reacted to the country's defeats by exploring developmental idealism as a route to independence, international respect, and prosperity. Then, with important but brief aberrations, the country began to implement many of the elements of developmental idealism, a movement that became especially important following the assumption of power by the Communist Party of China in 1949. This movement has played a substantial role in politics, in the economy, and in family life. The beliefs and values of developmental idealism have also been directly disseminated to the grassroots in China, where substantial majorities of Chinese citizens have assimilated them. These ideas are both known and endorsed by very large numbers in China today.
Cubic Subalgebras and Cubic Closed Ideals of B-algebras
Tapan Senapati
2015-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the concept of cubic set to subalgebras, ideals and closed ideals of B-algebras are introduced. Relations among cubic subalgebras with cubic ideals and cubic closed ideals of B-algebras investigated. The homomorphic image and inverse image of cubic subalgebras, ideals are studied and some related properties are investigated. Also, the product of cubic B-algebras are investigated.
Seven separate experiments were conducted with Hy-Line W-36 hens to determine the ideal ratio of Arg, Ile, Met, Met+Cys, Thr, Trp, and Val relative to Lys for maximal egg mass. The experiments were conducted simultaneously and were each designed as a randomized complete block design with 60 experime...
Operator Ideals arising from Generating Sequences
Wong, Ngai-Ching
2011-01-01
In this note, we will discuss how to relate an operator ideal on Banach spaces to the sequential structures it defines. Concrete examples of ideals of compact, weakly compact, completely continuous, Banach-Saks and weakly Banach-Saks operators will be demonstrated.
Socrates: Platonic Political Ideal
Christopher P. Long
2012-08-01
Full Text Available This essay articulates the differences and suggests the similarities between the practices of Socratic political speaking and those of Platonic political writing. The essay delineates Socratic speaking and Platonic writing as both erotically oriented toward ideals capable of transforming the lives of individuals and their relationships with one another. Besides it shows that in the Protagoras the practices of Socratic political speaking are concerned less with Protagoras than with the individual young man, Hippocrates. In the Phaedo, this ideal of a Socrates is amplified in such a way that Platonic writing itself emerges as capable of doing with readers what Socratic speaking did with those he encountered. Socrates is the Platonic political ideal. The result is a picture of the transformative political power of Socratic speaking and Platonic writing both.
Thermodynamics of a classical ideal gas at arbitrary temperatures
Pal, Palash B.
2002-01-01
We propose a fundamental relation for a classical ideal gas that is valid at all temperatures with remarkable accuracy. All thermodynamical properties of classical ideal gases can be deduced from this relation at arbitrary temperature.
Laurent Chusseau
2013-02-01
Full Text Available We show that the thermodynamics of ideal gases may be derived solely from the Democritean concept of corpuscles moving in vacuum plus a principle of simplicity, namely that these laws are independent of the laws of motion, aside from the law of energy conservation. Only a single corpuscle in contact with a heat bath submitted to a z and t-invariant force is considered. Most of the end results are known but the method appears to be novel. The mathematics being elementary, the present paper should facilitate the understanding of the ideal gas law and of classical thermodynamics even though not-usually-taught concepts are being introduced.
Certain variants of multipermutohedron ideals
AJAY KUMAR; CHANCHAL KUMAR
2016-10-01
Multipermutohedron ideals have rich combinatorial properties. An explicit combinatorial formula for the multigraded Betti numbers of a multipermutohedron ideal and their Alexander duals are known. Also, the dimension of the Artinian quotient of an Alexander dual of a multipermutohedron ideal is the number of generalized parking functions. In this paper, monomial ideals which are certain variants of multipermutohedron ideals are studied. Multigraded Betti numbers of these variant monomial ideals and their Alexander duals are obtained. Further, many interesting combinatorial properties of multipermutohedron ideals are extended to these variant monomial ideals.
Eshraghi, H [Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), School of Physics, Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Gibbon, J D [Department of Mathematics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
2008-08-29
After a review of some of the recent works by Holm and Gibbon on quaternions and their application to Lagrangian flows, particularly the incompressible Euler equations and the equations of ideal MHD, this paper investigates the compressible and relativistic Euler equations using these methods.
Mask, Lisa; Blanchard, Céline M
2011-04-01
Women's responses to 'thin ideal' media pending their level of general self-determination (GSD) were examined. High and low GSD women (N = 99) viewed a 'thin physique salient' (TPS) video or a 'thin physique non-salient' (TPNS) video. Following exposure to the TPS video, perceptions of pressure from the media to be thin, body dissatisfaction, and concerns over quantity of food were greater for low but not high GSD women. However, high GSD women reported greater concerns over the quality of food they eat following exposure to the TPNS video. Prevention efforts aimed at enhancing GSD are discussed.
Delivering ideal employee experiences.
Weiss, Marjorie D; Tyink, Steve; Kubiak, Curt
2009-05-01
Employee-centric strategies have moved from employee satisfaction and brand awareness to employee "affinity" or "attachment." In today's marketplace, occupational health nurses understand that differentiation (i.e., the perception of uniqueness) is the direct result of superior employee interactions, which lead to better employee care, enduring employee relationships, loyal employees, and satisfied employers. What drives employees to occupational health nurse attachment? The answer is a passion for rising above the competition to create ideal employee experiences.
Socrates: Platonic Political Ideal
Christopher P. Long
2012-01-01
Full Text Available El ensayo articula diferencias y sugiere similitudes entre las prácticas del diálogo político de Sócrates y aquellas de la escritura política de Platón. Propone, además, que tanto el diálogo socrático como la escritura platónica se orientan eróticamente hacia ideales capaces de transformar las vidas de los individuos y sus relaciones. Demuestra que en el Protágoras las prácticas del diálogo socrático se ocupan menos de Protágoras que del joven Hipócrates. En el Fedón, este ideal de Sócrates se amplía de tal manera que la misma escritura platónica aparece como capaz de hacer con los lectores lo que el diálogo de Sócrates hacía con sus interlocutores. Sócrates es el ideal político platónico. El resultado es una visión del poder de transformación política tanto del diálogo socrático como de la escritura platónica.
Property and gender relations in Plato′s ideal state%柏拉图理想国的财产和两性关系新论
黄忠晶
2014-01-01
Plato believed that an ideal state must publicly owned property,women,children and all educations. In fact,such country only in the part of the people(which are a minority)to implement all of the public ownership, while most people in this country must support these rulers. The two parts in the interest relationship is opposite. Plato does not advocate of gender equality in the first two grades. He is biased against women,while taking a prac-tical utilitarian attitude. Publicly owning children is inhuman,unreasonable,highly subjective and unscrupulous. In Plato′s ideal state,people do not have any personal happiness and better life.%柏拉图认为，一个理想的国家必须财产公有，妇女公有，儿童公有，全部教育公有。实际上这样的国家只是在一部分人中实行一切公有制（这部分人只占少数），而这个国家的大多数人则必须供养这些统治者；这两大部分在利益关系上是对立的。柏拉图并不主张在第一二等级中男女平等。他对女人是有偏见的，同时采取了一种实用的功利的态度。“儿童公有”的做法，有违人性，不合情理，主观性极强，为了达到目的不择手段。在柏拉图的理想国家，任何人都没有幸福和个人美好生活可言。
Publishing to become an 'ideal academic'
Lund, Rebecca
2012-01-01
In this paper I offer an Institutional Ethnography, from the standpoint of female academics, of the construction of the “ideal academic” and quality journal publications as a central feature in this construct. I draw on interview transcripts, field notes, texts and artefacts produced and collected...... over a two-year period in a recently merged Finnish university. I focus specifically on how a translocal discourse of competitive performance measurement and standards of academic excellence are accomplished in the local construction of the “ideal academic” as a person who publishes articles in A level......, in a systematically disadvantaged relation to the currently dominating discourse of the “ideal academic”....
Kenneth D. Magill
2001-01-01
Full Text Available We determine, up to isomorphism, all those topological nearrings n whose additive groups are the n-dimensional Euclidean groups, n>1, and which contain n one-dimensional linear subspaces {Ji}i=1n which are also right ideals of the nearring satisfying several additional properties. Specifically, for each w∈n, we require that there exist wi∈Ji, 1≤i≤n, such that w=w1+w2+⋯+wn and multiplication on the left of w yields the same result as multiplication by the same element on the left of wn. That is, vw=vwn for each v∈n.
Capturing medical students' idealism.
Smith, Janice K; Weaver, Donna B
2006-01-01
Students' idealism and desire to work with underserved populations decline as they progress from preclinical training through clerkships and residency. With an increasingly diverse population and increasing health disparities, academic health centers need to incorporate changes in their curricula to train socially responsible and idealistic physicians. International electives can provide valuable learning experiences to help achieve these goals. Sixty-six preclinical medical students at the University of Texas Medical Branch participated in an international elective from 1997 to 2005. After 1 week of didactics, they spent 3 weeks as part of a multidisciplinary medical team in rural Nicaragua. Postelective questionnaires were administered. From students' responses, we identified common learning themes and grouped them under the categories of attitudes, awareness, and skills. Limitations included a self-selection bias, lack of a control group, and limited follow-up. After the elective, students had an increased interest in volunteerism, humanitarian efforts, and working with underserved populations both in the United States and abroad, as well as more compassion toward the underserved. Students also reported a heightened awareness of social determinants of health and public health, and a broadened global perspective, as well as increased self-awareness. Our findings illustrate that a well-structured, mentored experience in international health can have a positive impact on preclinical students' attitudes, including their compassion, volunteerism, and interest in serving under-served populations, all measures of idealism.
Capturing Medical Students’ Idealism
Smith, Janice K.; Weaver, Donna B.
2006-01-01
PURPOSE Students’ idealism and desire to work with underserved populations decline as they progress from preclinical training through clerkships and residency. With an increasingly diverse population and increasing health disparities, academic health centers need to incorporate changes in their curricula to train socially responsible and idealistic physicians. International electives can provide valuable learning experiences to help achieve these goals. METHODS Sixty-six preclinical medical students at the University of Texas Medical Branch participated in an international elective from 1997 to 2005. After 1 week of didactics, they spent 3 weeks as part of a multidisciplinary medical team in rural Nicaragua. Postelective questionnaires were administered. From students’ responses, we identified common learning themes and grouped them under the categories of attitudes, awareness, and skills. Limitations included a self-selection bias, lack of a control group, and limited follow-up. RESULTS After the elective, students had an increased interest in volunteerism, humanitarian efforts, and working with underserved populations both in the United States and abroad, as well as more compassion toward the underserved. Students also reported a heightened awareness of social determinants of health and public health, and a broadened global perspective, as well as increased self-awareness. CONCLUSIONS Our findings illustrate that a well-structured, mentored experience in international health can have a positive impact on preclinical students’ attitudes, including their compassion, volunteerism, and interest in serving under-served populations, all measures of idealism. PMID:17003160
Childlessness Intentions and Ideals in Europe
Miettinen, Anneli
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Using data from Eurobarometer Surveys 2001–2011 we examine trends and correlates of childlessness intentions and ideals across Europe over the past decade. We distinguish childlessness as a personal preference (personal ideal number of children is zero from intended childlessness (intention to have no children as these reflect somewhat different dimensions of childlessness as a conscious decision. We find that, on average, childlessness as a personal preference is relatively rare in Europe, although in some western European countries a sizeable proportion of young adults express a desire to have no children. Intentional childlessness is slightly more common than ideal childlessness is, since about 11% of currently childless young adults aged 18 to 40 years in Europe intend to have no children. We analyse factors related to childlessness intentions and ideals on the individual and country levels. A weaker individual socioeconomic position influences the intention to remain childless through various channels, such as unemployment or low socioeconomic status. Associations between individual’s social position and ideal childlessness are less clear. Results also indicate that macro-economic conditions do not have a direct impact on intentional childlessness, whereas a higher prevalence of traditional family values in a country is related to a lower likelihood of individuals considering childlessness to be their ideal family form.
du Toit, Cornel
2015-01-01
.... This is briefly investigated. Some Confucian ideas are related to basic African concepts in an effort to find a common ground in Afro-Chinese relations. The impact of secular Confucianism on African spirituality is discussed. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT
Moral Identity as Moral Ideal Self: Links to Adolescent Outcomes
Hardy, Sam A.; Walker, Lawrence J.; Olsen, Joseph A.; Woodbury, Ryan D.; Hickman, Jacob R.
2014-01-01
The purposes of this study were to conceptualize moral identity as moral ideal self, to develop a measure of this construct, to test for age and gender differences, to examine links between moral ideal self and adolescent outcomes, and to assess purpose and social responsibility as mediators of the relations between moral ideal self and outcomes.…
Moral Identity as Moral Ideal Self: Links to Adolescent Outcomes
Hardy, Sam A.; Walker, Lawrence J.; Olsen, Joseph A.; Woodbury, Ryan D.; Hickman, Jacob R.
2014-01-01
The purposes of this study were to conceptualize moral identity as moral ideal self, to develop a measure of this construct, to test for age and gender differences, to examine links between moral ideal self and adolescent outcomes, and to assess purpose and social responsibility as mediators of the relations between moral ideal self and outcomes.…
IDEAL trial: economic analysis
Simona de Portu
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Introduction: the IDEAL (“High-dose atorvastatin vs usual-dose simvastatin for secondary prevention after myocardial infarction” study was carried out to compare intensive lowering of low-density lipoprotein (LDL-cholesterol using the highest recommended dose of atorvastatin 80 mg with simvastatin 20 mg. Aim: our aim was to investigate the economic consequence of high dose of atorvastatin vs usual-dose of simvastatin in reducing major coronary events in patients with a history of acute myocardial infarction (AMI. Methods: the analysis is based on clinical outcome data from the IDEAL study. We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis, comparing high dose of atorvastatin (80 mg/die versus usual-dose of simvastatin (20 mg/die in the perspective of the Italian National Health Service. We identified and quantified medical costs: drug costs according to the Italian National Therapeutic Formulary and hospitalizations were quantified based on the Italian National Health Service tariffs (2008. Effects were measured in terms of morbidity reduction (frequency of hospitalizations. We considered an observation period of 4.8 years. The costs borne after the first 12 months were discounted using an annual rate of 3%. We conducted one and multi-way sensitivity analyses on unit cost and effectiveness. Results: the cost of atorvastatin therapy over the 4.8 years period amounted to approximately 2.4 millions euro per 1,000 patients. The total cost of atorvastatin high dose was about 3.9 millions euro, the incremental cost per patient free from event is 31.176,03 euro. Discussion: this evaluation found that atorvastatin therapy is cost-effective. Results were sensitive to either clinical or economic variables.
The Circuit Ideal of a Vector Configuration
Jensen, Anders Nedergaard; Bogart, Tristram; Thomas, Rekha
$, of $\\A$ which has numerous applications and is nontrivial to compute. Since circuits can be computed using linear algebra and the two ideals often coincide, it is worthwhile to understand when equality occurs. In this paper we study $\\ica$ in relation to $\\ia$ from various algebraic and combinatorial...... perspectives. We prove that the obstruction to equality of the ideals is the existence of certain polytopes. This result is based on a complete characterization of the standard pairs/associated primes of a monomial initial ideal of $\\ica$ and their differences from those for the corresponding toric initial...... ideal. Eisenbud and Sturmfels proved that $\\ia$ is the unique minimal prime of $\\ica$ and that the embedded primes of $\\ica$ are indexed by certain faces of the cone spanned by $\\A$. We provide a necessary condition for a particular face to index an embedded prime and a partial converse. Finally, we...
Rigid Ideals and Radicals of Ore Extensions
Chan Yong Hong; Tai Keun Kwak; S. Tariq Rizvi
2005-01-01
For an endomorphism σ of a ring R, Krempa called σ a rigid endomorphism if aσ(a) = 0 implies a= 0 for a ∈ R. A ring R is called rigid if there exists a rigid endomorphism of R. In this paper, we extend the σ-rigid property of a ring R to an ideal of R. For a σ-ideal Ⅰ of a ring R, we call Ⅰ a σ-rigid ideal if aσ(a) ∈Ⅰ implies a ∈Ⅰ for a ∈ R. We characterize σ-rigid ideals and study related properties. The connections of the prime radical and the upper nil radical of R with the prime radical and the upper nil radical of the Ore extension R[x; σ, δ], respectively, are also investigated.
Thomsen, Steven R.; And Others
A study assessed the specific courses and educational needs professionals considered important in the proper undergraduate preparation of future public relations practitioners. A survey questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 1,000 human resource managers and public relations practitioners from the national membership of two professional…
Monomial ideals, computations and applications
Gimenez, Philippe; Sáenz-de-Cabezón, Eduardo
2013-01-01
This work covers three important aspects of monomials ideals in the three chapters "Stanley decompositions" by Jürgen Herzog, "Edge ideals" by Adam Van Tuyl and "Local cohomology" by Josep Álvarez Montaner. The chapters, written by top experts, include computer tutorials that emphasize the computational aspects of the respective areas. Monomial ideals and algebras are, in a sense, among the simplest structures in commutative algebra and the main objects of combinatorial commutative algebra. Also, they are of major importance for at least three reasons. Firstly, Gröbner basis theory allows us to treat certain problems on general polynomial ideals by means of monomial ideals. Secondly, the combinatorial structure of monomial ideals connects them to other combinatorial structures and allows us to solve problems on both sides of this correspondence using the techniques of each of the respective areas. And thirdly, the combinatorial nature of monomial ideals also makes them particularly well suited to the devel...
Arnaud, Jacques; Philippe, Fabrice
2011-01-01
The air density on earth decays as a function of altitude $z$ approximately according to an $\\exp(-w\\,z/\\theta)$-law, where $w$ denotes the weight of a nitrogen molecule and $\\theta=\\kB T$ where $k_B$ is a constant and $T$ is the thermodynamic temperature. To derive this law one usually invokes the Boltzmann factor, itself derived from statistical considerations. We show that this (barometric) law may be derived solely from the democritian concept of corpuscles moving in vacuum. We employ a principle of simplicity, namely that this law is \\emph{independent} of the law of corpuscle motion. This view-point puts aside restrictive assumptions that are source of confusion. Similar observations apply to the ideal-gas law. In the absence of gravity, when a cylinder terminated by a piston, containing a single corpuscle and with height $h$ has temperature $\\theta$, the average force that the corpuscle exerts on the piston is: $\\ave{F}=\\theta/h$. This law is valid at any temperature, except at very low temperatures whe...
The ideal physician entrepreneur.
Bottles, K
2000-01-01
How does the sometimes elusive and high-stakes world of venture capital really work? How can physician executives with innovative ideas or new technologies approach venture capitalists to help them raise capital to form a start-up company? These important questions are explored in this new column on the physician as entrepreneur. The ideal physician executive is described as: (1) an expert in an area that Wall Street perceives as hot; (2) a public speaker who can enthusiastically communicate scientific and business plans to a variety of audiences; (3) a team leader who is willing to share equity in the company with other employees; (4) a recruiter and a motivator; (5) an implementer who can achieve milestones quickly that allow the company to go public as soon as possible; and (6) a realist who does not resent the terms of the typical deal. The lucrative world of the venture capitalists is foreign territory for physician executives and requires a great idea, charisma, risk-taking, connections, patience, and perseverance to navigate it successfully.
[The ideal body: media pedagogy].
Ribeiro, Rubia Guimarães; da Silva, Karen Schein; Kruse, Maria Henriqueta Luce
2009-03-01
We present enunciations that circulate in the media regarding the body, discussing the ways in which the speeches related with the maintenance of health and aesthetics invest in its improvement. Therefore, we used the Caderno Vida, a weekly insert of Zero Hora, for we understand it as owner of a proper speech that has the power of subjectivate people The analysis is part of Cultural Studies and it is based on the ideas of Michel Foucault. The methodological strategy used was the speech analysis of subjects about body care. The periodical questions its readers using speeches that point to beauty health and success The constructed categories were: how is the ideal body, what to do to have such body and why we must have this body Balanced feeding, practice of regular physical activities and the accomplishment of plastic surgeries are recommendations recurrently found in weekly inserts.
Popov, M.
Erwin Schrodinger suggested that " Scientific knowledge forms part of the idealistic background of human life", which exalted man from a nude and savage state to true humanity [Science and Humanism, Cambridge, 1961, p9]. Modern space sciences an space exploration are a brilliant demonstration of the validity of Schrodinger's thesis on Idealism. Moreover, Schrodingers thesis could be considered also as a basic principle for the New Educational Space Philosophical Project "TIMAEUS"."TIMAEUS" is not only an attempt to to start a new dialogue between Science, the Humanities and Religion; but also it is an origin of the cultural innovations of our so strange of globilisation. TIMAEUS, thus, can reveal Idealism as something more fundamental , more refined, more developed than is now accepted by the scientific community and the piblic. TIMAEUS has a significant cultural agenda, connected with the high orbital performance of the synthetic arts, combining a knowledge of the truly spiritual as well as the universal. In particular, classical ballet as a synthetic art can be a new and powerful perfector and re-creator of the real human, real idealistic, real complex culture in orbit. As is well known, Carlo Blasis, the most important dance theorist of the 19t h .century, made probably the first attempts to use the scientific ideas of Leonardo da Vinci and Isaac Newton for the understanding of the gravitational nature of balance and allegro in ballet. In particular Blasis's idea of the limited use of the legs in classical dance realised by the gifted pupils of Enrico Cecchetti - M.Fokine, A.Pavlova and V.Nijinsky, with thinkable purity and elegance of style. V.Nijinsky in his remarkable animation of the dance of two dimensional creatures of a Euclidean flat world (L'Apres Midi d'un Faune,1912) discovered that true classical dance has some gravitational limits. For example, Nijinsky's Faunes and Nymphs mut use running on the heels (In accordance with "Partitura" 1916); they
Roslyn, J J
1993-04-01
I started out asking the question can we achieve our goals and are our goals realistic in the 1990s? I believe that we can achieve anything that we set our minds to. Our goals of providing quality care to our patients, performing research, teaching the next generation, and having an impact on our local environment are worth pursuing. However, the rules have changed and the status quo is simply not good enough. If we are to survive, we must be prepared for the future. You have the ability to change and the power to control the future. You are the future. Seize the opportunity and get involved. Become knowledgeable about health care economics, become involved with the political process, and position yourselves so that you can be a part of the solution to our health care system's woes. Don't allow the moment to pass. Don't be afraid of the realities of today, and don't forget your ideals and principles. Confront today's challenges with the same determination that academic surgeons through the years have confronted the unknown mysteries of disease. Let me conclude by trying to synthesize my remarks in five generic recommendations: 1. We need to go forward in the research area by developing multidisciplinary programs that involve basic science. These programs can be used to highlight our clinical areas and expertise. In this manner, both areas will be benefitted. 2. We need to educate the public and the government about the virtues of research and the importance of maintaining academic surgery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Plane Cremona maps: saturation, regularity and fat ideals
Hassanzadeh, Seyed Hamid
2011-01-01
One studies plane Cremona maps from the point of view of the underlying base ideal, focusing on the algebraic and homological properties of the latter. The {\\em leitmotiv} driving a substantial portion of the work is the relation between the base ideal and its saturation. As a preliminary one deals with the homological features of arbitrary codimension 2 homogeneous ideals in a polynomial ring in three variables over a field which are generated by three forms of the same degree. The results become sharp when the saturation is not generated in low degrees, a condition to be given a precise meaning. A good deal of the content relates the base ideal of a rational map to a few additional "companion" ideals, such as the integral closure, the $\\boldsymbol\\mu$-fat ideal and a seemingly novel ideal defined in terms of valuations. The overall goal is a homological classification of low degree plane Cremona maps according to the respective homaloidal types.
An Ideal Integrating Bolometer Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — An ideal integrating bolometer can achieve breakthrough sensitivity in IR photon detection by removing practical barriers to extreme thermal isolation of the...
-Fuzzy Ideals in Ordered Semigroups
Asghar Khan
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce the concept of 𝒩-fuzzy left (right ideals in ordered semigroups and characterize ordered semigroups in terms of 𝒩-fuzzy left (right ideals. We characterize left regular (right regular and left simple (right simple ordered semigroups in terms of 𝒩-fuzzy left (𝒩-fuzzy right ideals. The semilattice of left (right simple semigroups in terms of 𝒩-fuzzy left (right ideals is discussed.
CHEN Huan Yin; LI Fu An
2002-01-01
In this paper, we investigate ideals of regular rings and give several characterizations for an ideal to satisfy the comparability. In addition, it is shown that, if Ⅰ is a minimal two-sided ideal of a regular ring R, then Ⅰ satisfies the comparability if and only if Ⅰ is separative. Furthermore, we prove that, for ideals with stable range one, Roth's problem has an affirmative solution. These extend the corresponding results on unit-regularity and one-sided unit-regularity.
An Ideal Integrating Bolometer Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — An ideal integrating bolometer can achieve breakthrough sensitivity in IR photon detection by removing practical barriers to extreme thermal isolation of the...
Edge Ideals of Weighted Graphs
Paulsen, Chelsey
2012-01-01
We study weighted graphs and their "edge ideals" which are ideals in polynomial rings that are defined in terms of the graphs. We provide combinatorial descriptions of m-irreducible decompositions for the edge ideal of a weighted graph in terms of the combinatorics of "weighted vertex covers". We use these, for instance, to say when these ideals are m-unmixed. We explicitly describe which weighted cycles and trees are unmixed and which ones are Cohen-Macaulay, and we prove that all weighted complete graphs are Cohen-Macaulay.
Researching Acquisition Sequences: Idealization and De-Idealization in SLA
Ellis, Rod
2015-01-01
Idealization plays a fundamental role in scientific inquiry. This article examines the case for maintaining the claim that the second language acquisition (SLA) of grammatical structures such as negation manifests identifiable stages of acquisition. It proposes that, while research has demonstrated the need for de-idealization, there is no need to…
Fusion rings and fusion ideals
Andersen, Troels Bak
by the so-called fusion ideals. The fusion rings of Wess-Zumino-Witten models have been widely studied and are well understood in terms of precise combinatorial descriptions and explicit generating sets of the fusion ideals. They also appear in another, more general, setting via tilting modules for quantum...
Kharatti Lal
2015-12-01
Full Text Available This section define a level subring or level ideals obtain a set of necessary and sufficient condition for the equality of two ideals and characterizes field in terms of its fuzzy ideals. It also presents a procedure to construct a fuzzy subrings (fuzzy ideals from any given ascending chain of subring ideal. We prove that the lattice of fuzzy congruence of group G (respectively ring R is isomorphic to the lattice of fuzzy normal subgroup of G (respectively fuzzy ideals of R.In Yuan Boond Wu wangrning investigated the relationship between the fuzzy ideals and the fuzzy congruences on a distributive lattice and obtained that the lattice of fuzzy ideals is isomorphic to the lattice of fuzzy congruences on a generalized Boolean algebra. Fuzzy group theory can be used to describe, symmetries and permutation in nature and mathematics. The fuzzy group is one of the oldest branches of abstract algebra. For example group can be used is classify to all of the forms chemical crystal can take. Group can be used to count the number of non-equivalent objects and permutation or symmetries. For example, the number of different is switching functions of n, variable when permutation of the input are allowed. Beside crystallography and combinatory group have application of quantum mechanics.
Int-Soft (Generalized) Bi-Ideals of Semigroups
Jun, Young Bae; Song, Seok-Zun
2015-01-01
The notions of int-soft semigroups and int-soft left (resp., right) ideals in semigroups are studied in the paper by Song et al. (2014). In this paper, further properties and characterizations of int-soft left (right) ideals are studied, and the notion of int-soft (generalized) bi-ideals is introduced. Relations between int-soft generalized bi-ideals and int-soft semigroups are discussed, and characterizations of (int-soft) generalized bi-ideals and int-soft bi-ideals are considered. Given a soft set (α;S) over U, int-soft (generalized) bi-ideals generated by (α;S) are established. PMID:25710051
The Rings Characterized by Minimal Left Ideals
Jun Chao WEI
2005-01-01
We study these rings with every minimal left ideal being a projective, direct summand and a p-injective module, respectively. Some characterizations of these rings are given, and the relations among them are obtained. With these rings, we characterize semisimple rings. Finally, we introduce MC2 rings, and give some characterizations of MC2 rings.
ON FUZZY h-IDEALS OF HEMIRINGS
Xueling MA; Jianming ZHAN
2007-01-01
The concept of quasi-coincidence of a fuzzy interval value in an interval valued fuzzy set is considered. In fact, this concept is a generalized concept of the quasi-coincidence of a fuzzy point in a fuzzy set. By using this new concept, the authors define the notion of interval valued (∈, ∈ Vq)-fuzzy h-ideals of hemirings and study their related properties. In addition, the authors also extend the concept of a fuzzy subgroup with thresholds to the concept of an interval valued fuzzy h-ideal with thresholds in hemirings.
Masculinity Ideals in a Contemporary Danish Context
Bloksgaard, Lotte; Christensen, Ann Dorte; Jensen, Sune Qvotrup
2015-01-01
not only changes but also continuities, as well as ambivalences and contradictions. This article investigates how normative masculinity ideals—the most accepted ways of being a man in a certain context—are expressed and negotiated by contemporary Danish men, and how these ideals are related to overall...... discourses of gender. The article is based on a mixed methods design, consisting of: (1) a quantitative survey among lower-educated men in two male-dominated occupations, and (2) a qualitative, explorative analysis of data from five focus group interviews with both lower- and higher-educated men. The two...... occupations in the survey constitute a critical case, based on the argument that if traditional masculinity ideals are rejected here—among lower-educated men, who are likely to be more supportive of traditional gender ideals than the more highly educated—then Danish men in general are likely to reject...
Eberholst, Mads Kæmsgaard; Hartley, Jannie Møller; Olsen, Maria Bendix
2016-01-01
This article looks at journalism students’ experiences in a course that simulates an online newsroom. On the basis of a quantitative survey and more qualitative reflections from the students, we explore the dilemmas that students experience ‘working’ as online journalists and how these are relate...... journalism and the perceived practice of online journalism. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of providing a course that simulates a real newsroom....
Alexander Duals of Multipermutohedron Ideals
Ajay Kumar; Chanchal Kumar
2014-02-01
An Alexander dual of a multipermutohedron ideal has many combinatorial properties. The standard monomials of an Artinian quotient of such a dual correspond bijectively to some -parking functions, and many interesting properties of these Artinian quotients are obtained by Postnikov and Shapiro (Trans. Am. Math. Soc. 356 (2004) 3109–3142). Using the multigraded Hilbert series of an Artinian quotient of an Alexander dual of multipermutohedron ideals, we obtained a simple proof of Steck determinant formula for enumeration of -parking functions. A combinatorial formula for all the multigraded Betti numbers of an Alexander dual of multipermutohedron ideals are also obtained.
Family Life and Developmental Idealism in Yazd, Iran.
Abbasi-Shavazi, Mohammad Jalal; Askari-Nodoushan, Abbas
2012-01-01
BACKGROUND: This paper is motivated by the theory that developmental idealism has been disseminated globally and has become an international force for family and demographic change. Developmental idealism is a set of cultural beliefs and values about development and how development relates to family and demographic behavior. It holds that modern societies are causal forces producing modern families, that modern families help to produce modern societies, and that modern family change is to be expected. OBJECTIVE: We examine the extent to which developmental idealism has been disseminated in Iran. We also investigate predictors of the dissemination of developmental idealism. METHODS: We use survey data collected in 2007 from a sample of women in Yazd, a city in Iran. We examine the distribution of developmental idealism in the sample and the multivariate predictors of developmental idealism. RESULTS: We find considerable support for the expectation that many elements of developmental idealism have been widely disseminated. Statistically significant majorities associate development with particular family attributes, believe that development causes change in families, believe that fertility reductions and age-at-marriage increases help foster development, and perceive family trends in Iran headed toward modernity. As predicted, parental education, respondent education, and income affect adherence to developmental idealism. CONCLUSIONS: Developmental idealism has been widely disseminated in Yazd, Iran and is related to social and demographic factors in predicted ways. COMMENTS: Although our data come from only one city, we expect that developmental idealism has been widely distributed in Iran, with important implications for family and demographic behavior.
Family Life and Developmental Idealism in Yazd, Iran
Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi
2012-03-01
Full Text Available BACKGROUND This paper is motivated by the theory that developmental idealism has been disseminated globally and has become an international force for family and demographic change. Developmental idealism is a set of cultural beliefs and values about development and how development relates to family and demographic behavior. It holds that modern societies are causal forces producing modern families, that modern families help to produce modern societies, and that modern family change is to be expected. OBJECTIVE We examine the extent to which developmental idealism has been disseminated in Iran. We also investigate predictors of the dissemination of developmental idealism. METHODS We use survey data collected in 2007 from a sample of women in Yazd, a city in Iran. We examine the distribution of developmental idealism in the sample and the multivariate predictors of developmental idealism. RESULTS We find considerable support for the expectation that many elements of developmental idealism have been widely disseminated. Statistically significant majorities associate development with particular family attributes, believe that development causes change in families, believe that fertility reductions and age-at-marriage increases help foster development, and perceive family trends in Iran headed toward modernity. As predicted, parental education, respondent education, and income affect adherence to developmental idealism. CONCLUSIONS Developmental idealism has been widely disseminated in Yazd, Iran and is related to social and demographic factors in predicted ways. COMMENTS Although our data come from only one city, we expect that developmental idealism has been widely distributed in Iran, with important implications for family and demographic behavior.
Spaces of Ideal Convergent Sequences
M. Mursaleen
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In the present paper, we introduce some sequence spaces using ideal convergence and Musielak-Orlicz function ℳ=Mk. We also examine some topological properties of the resulting sequence spaces.
Development and Commercialization of an Ideal Mechanical Wound Therapy System
2015-12-01
AD______________ AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-C-0095 TITLE: Development & Commercialization of an Ideal Mechanical Wound Therapy System PRINCIPAL...2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Development & Commercialization of an Ideal Mechanical Wound Therapy System 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH...growth and other adverse events related to non- ideal COTS wound filler. This project had 2 primary phases. In the initial phase, design work and
Idealer og realiteter i moderne psykisk helsearbeid
Rune Karlsen
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Ideals and realities in modern mental healthcareThe ideals of mental health care differ from the psychiatry of earlier times. This difference is characterized by dissociation from a previous authoritarian and staff-administered practice in the psychiatric institutions. Client participation and interdisciplinary work, equality and relation building, resource orientation and mastery are the new professional ideals.Critical reading of patient records suggests a lack of agreement between professional ideals and practical realities in current Norwegian decentralized mental health work. The staff is still clinging to the old authority structures from the psychiatric hospitals, and they do not manage to show that they have their own profession. The users are too passive in their own treatment program. The staff lacks written language for describing the establishment and maintenance of personal relations. The new professional groups adopt the old ways of proceeding, and do not add new professional approaches. The article places a critical focus on the inherent conservatism of tacit knowledge.
Ideal AFROC and FROC observers.
Khurd, Parmeshwar; Liu, Bin; Gindi, Gene
2010-02-01
Detection of multiple lesions in images is a medically important task and free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) analyses and its variants, such as alternative FROC (AFROC) analyses, are commonly used to quantify performance in such tasks. However, ideal observers that optimize FROC or AFROC performance metrics have not yet been formulated in the general case. If available, such ideal observers may turn out to be valuable for imaging system optimization and in the design of computer aided diagnosis techniques for lesion detection in medical images. In this paper, we derive ideal AFROC and FROC observers. They are ideal in that they maximize, amongst all decision strategies, the area, or any partial area, under the associated AFROC or FROC curve. Calculation of observer performance for these ideal observers is computationally quite complex. We can reduce this complexity by considering forms of these observers that use false positive reports derived from signal-absent images only. We also consider a Bayes risk analysis for the multiple-signal detection task with an appropriate definition of costs. A general decision strategy that minimizes Bayes risk is derived. With particular cost constraints, this general decision strategy reduces to the decision strategy associated with the ideal AFROC or FROC observer.
Ideals of Classical Linear Lie Superalgebra P(n) over Commutative Rings
SUN Li-ping; ZHANG Yong-zheng
2007-01-01
Let R be a commutative ring with identity 1. The relations between the ideals of Lie superalgebra P(n) and the ideals of R are discussed by studying the basis, center and order ideal of P(n). All ideals of P(n) are proved to be minimal and standard.
When do L-fuzzy ideals of a ring generate a distributive lattice?
Gao Ninghua
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The notion of L-fuzzy extended ideals is introduced in a Boolean ring, and their essential properties are investigated. We also build the relation between an L-fuzzy ideal and the class of its L-fuzzy extended ideals. By defining an operator “⇝” between two arbitrary L-fuzzy ideals in terms of L-fuzzy extended ideals, the result that “the family of all L-fuzzy ideals in a Boolean ring is a complete Heyting algebra” is immediately obtained. Furthermore, the lattice structures of L-fuzzy extended ideals of an L-fuzzy ideal, L-fuzzy extended ideals relative to an L-fuzzy subset, L-fuzzy stable ideals relative to an L-fuzzy subset and their connections are studied in this paper.
Redefined generalized fuzzy ideals of near-rings
ZHAN Jian-ming; YIN Yun-qiang
2010-01-01
With a new idea,we redefine generalized fuzzy subnear-rings (ideals) of a near-ring and investigate some of its related properties.Some new characterizations are given,In particular,we introduce the concepts of strong prime (or semiprime) (∈,∈∨q)-fuzzy ideals of near-rings,and discuss the relationship between strong prime (or semiprime) (∈,∈∨q)-fuzzy ideals and prime (or semiprime) (∈,∈∨q)-fuzzy ideals of near-rings.
Grzegorz Dymek
2015-01-01
set to be a fuzzy ideal are given. The relationships between ideals and fuzzy ideals of a BN-algebra are established. The homomorphic properties of fuzzy ideals of a BN-algebra are provided. Finally, characterizations of Noetherian BN-algebras and Artinian BN-algebras via fuzzy ideals are obtained.
Ideal Fermion Delocalization in Higgsless Models
Chivukula, R S; Kurachi, M; Simmons, E H; Tanabashi, M; He, Hong-Jian; Kurachi, Masafumi; Simmons, Elizabeth H.; Tanabashi, Masaharu
2005-01-01
In this note we examine the properties of deconstructed Higgsless models for the case of a fermion whose SU(2) properties arise from delocalization over many sites of the deconstructed lattice. We derive expressions for the correlation functions and use these to establish a generalized consistency relation among correlation functions. We discuss the form of the W boson wavefunction and show that if the probability distribution of the delocalized fermions is appropriately related to the W wavefunction, then deviations in precision electroweak parameters are minimized. In particular, we show that this "ideal fermion delocalization" results in the vanishing of three of the four leading zero-momentum electroweak parameters defined by Barbieri, et. al. We then discuss ideal fermion delocalization in the context of two continuum Higgsless models, one in Anti-deSitter space and one in flat space. Our results may be applied to any Higgsless linear moose model with multiple SU(2) groups, including those with only a fe...
Practicing Identity: A Crafty Ideal?
Brysbaert, A.; Vetters, M.
This paper focuses on the materialization of technological practices as a form of identity expression. Contextual analyses of a Mycenaean workshop area in the Late Bronze Age citadel of Tiryns (Argolis, Greece) are presented to investigate the interaction of different artisans under changing socio-political and economic circumstances. The case study indicates that although certain technological practices are often linked to specific crafts, they do not necessarily imply the separation of job tasks related to the working of one specific material versus another. Shared technological practices and activities, therefore, may be a factor in shaping cohesive group identities of specialized artisans. Since tracing artisans' identities is easier said than done on the basis of excavated materials alone, we employ the concepts of multiple chaînes opératoires combined with cross-craft interactions as a methodology in order to retrieve distinctive sets of both social and technological practices from the archaeological remains. These methodological concepts are not restricted to a specific set of steps in the production cycle, but ideally encompass reconstructing contexts of extraction, manufacture, distribution and discard/reuse for a range of artefacts. Therefore, these concepts reveal both technological practices, and, by contextualising these technological practices in their spatial layout, equally focus on social contacts that would have taken place during any of these actions. Our detailed contextual study demonstrates that the material remains when analysed in their entirety are complementary to textual evidence. In this case study they even form a source of information on palatial spheres of life about which the fragmentary Linear B texts, so far, remain silent.
Eigenanalysis of Ideal Hall MHD Turbulence
Fu, T.; Shebalin, J. V.
2011-12-01
Ideal, incompressible, homogeneous, Hall magnetohydrodynamic (HMHD) turbulence may be investigated through a Fourier spectral method. In three-dimensional periodic geometry, the independent Fourier coefficients represent a canonical ensemble described by a Gaussian probability density. The canonical ensemble is based on the conservation of three invariants: total energy, generalized helicity, and magnetic helicity. Generalized helicity in HMHD takes the place of cross helicity in MHD. The invariants determine the modal probability density giving the spectral structure and equilibrium statistics of ideal HMHD, which are compared to known MHD results. New results in absolute equilibrium ensemble theory are derived using a novel approach that involves finding the eigenvalues of a Hermitian covariance matrix for each modal probability density. The associated eigenvectors transform the original phase space variables into eigenvariables through a special unitary transformation. These are the normal modes which facilitate the analysis of ideal HMHD non-linear dynamics. The eigenanalysis predicts that the low wavenumber modes with very small eigenvalues may have mean values that are large compared to their standard deviations, contrary to the ideal ensemble prediction of zero mean values. (Expectation values may also be relatively large at the highest wave numbers, but the addition of even small levels of dissipation removes any relevance this may have for real-world turbulence.) This behavior is non-ergodic over very long times for a numerical simulation and is termed 'broken ergodicity'. For fixed values of the ideal invariants, the effect is seen to be enhanced with increased numerical grid size. Broken ergodicity at low wave number modes gives rise to large-scale, quasi-stationary, coherent structure. Physically, this corresponds to plasma relaxation to force-free states. For real HMHD turbulence with dissipation, broken ergodicity and coherent structure are still
Idealism and materialism in perception.
Rose, David; Brown, Dora
2015-01-01
Koenderink (2014, Perception, 43, 1-6) has said most Perception readers are deluded, because they believe an 'All Seeing Eye' observes an objective reality. We trace the source of Koenderink's assertion to his metaphysical idealism, and point to two major weaknesses in his position-namely, its dualism and foundationalism. We counter with arguments from modern philosophy of science for the existence of an objective material reality, contrast Koenderink's enactivism to his idealism, and point to ways in which phenomenology and cognitive science are complementary and not mutually exclusive.
De Luca, R.; Faella, O.
2017-01-01
The kinematics of a free-kick is studied. As in projectile motion, the free-kick is ideal since we assume that a point-like ball moves in the absence of air resistance. We have experienced the fortunate conjuncture of a classical mechanics lecture taught right before an important football game. These types of sports events might trigger a great deal of attention from the classroom. The idealized problem is devised in such a way that students are eager to come to the end of the whole story.
On , qk -intuitionistic (fuzzy ideals, fuzzy soft ideals of subtraction algebras
Madad Khan
2015-08-01
Full Text Available The intent of this article is to study the concept of an , k q -intuitionistic fuzzy ideal and , qk -intuitionistic fuzzy soft ideal of subtraction algebras and to introduce some related properties. 2010 AMS Classification: 06F35, 03G25, 08A72.
Idealization in Chemistry: Pure Substance and Laboratory Product
Fernández-González, Manuel
2013-07-01
This article analyzes the concept of idealization in chemistry and the role played by pure substance and laboratory product. This topic has evident repercussions in the educational contexts that are applied to the science classroom, which are highlighted throughout the text. A common structure for knowledge construction is proposed for both physics and chemistry with particular emphasis on the relations between two of the levels: the ideal level and the quasi-ideal level. The ideal level is crucial for operations related to theoretical constructions and explanations, whereas the quasi-ideal level is of special importance in the verification of propositions. In chemistry, the ideal level and the quasi-ideal level include the entities, pure substance and laboratory product, respectively. This article provides an in-depth discussion of the concept of pure substance, an idealized entity whose empirical correlate is laboratory product. The study of the link between the two is a very significant part of the problem of the relations between theory and reality in chemistry. These entities are used to analyze and interpret different situations and contexts in research as well as teaching. The article concludes by using classroom examples to illustrate the didactic implications of the issues addressed.
Generalized (∈,∈∨q)-fuzzy Ideals in BCK-algebras
LIU Chun-hui
2015-01-01
In this paper, as a generalization of the notion of (∈,∈∨q)-fuzzy ideals, we introduced the notion of (∈,∈∨qδ)-fuzzy ideals and investigated their properties in BCK-algebras. Several equivalent characterizations of (∈,∈∨qδ)-fuzzy ideals are obtained and relations between (∈,∈∨qδ)-fuzzy ideals and ideals are discussed in BCK-algebras.
Fléron, René
2016-01-01
solution is likewise challenging. The conceiving, designing, implementation and operation phases in the CDIO education aims to bring the student through a scenario simulating real life engineering. A satellite mission constitutes an ideal case for a CDIO project. Designing, building, launching...
Daisley, R. E.
1973-01-01
Presents some organized ideas in thermodynamics which are suitable for use with high school (GCE A level or ONC) students. Emphases are placed upon macroscopic observations and intimate connection of the modern definition of temperature with the concept of ideal gas. (CC)
Characteristics of an Ideal Colleague.
Nielsen, Linda
1979-01-01
A stratified random sample of male and female faculty members from two universities was surveyed regarding traits of the ideal colleague. The results were analyzed according to the respondent's sex, tenure status, private or state university position, and academic discipline. Also diagnosed was the masculine or feminine value of each trait. (JMD)
Chemical Laws, Idealization and Approximation
Tobin, Emma
2013-01-01
This paper examines the notion of laws in chemistry. Vihalemm ("Found Chem" 5(1):7-22, 2003) argues that the laws of chemistry are fundamentally the same as the laws of physics they are all "ceteris paribus" laws which are true "in ideal conditions". In contrast, Scerri (2000) contends that the laws of chemistry are…
Mehlsen, Camilla
2010-01-01
Salget af hudblegecremer er eksploderet. Hvorfor drømmer så mange om at få lys hud? Hvorfor vil børn hellere lege med hvide dukker end brune? Svaret er, at hvid er et globalt ideal. Interview med Dorthe Staunæs og Les Back....
Strong Ideal Convergence in Probabilistic Metric Spaces
Celaleddin Şençimen; Serpil Pehlivan
2009-06-01
In the present paper we introduce the concepts of strongly ideal convergent sequence and strong ideal Cauchy sequence in a probabilistic metric (PM) space endowed with the strong topology, and establish some basic facts. Next, we define the strong ideal limit points and the strong ideal cluster points of a sequence in this space and investigate some properties of these concepts.
Ideals and filters of an almost distributive fuzzy lattice
Assaye, Berhanu; Tarekegn, Bekalu
2017-08-01
In this paper, Almost Distributive Fuzzy Lattice (ADFL) is characterized by ADL's in terms of level set Aα of a Fuzzy Relation A. The concepts of ideals, filters, the smallest ideal and the smallest filter containing a non empty subset of R of an ADFL are introduced, and some results are proved. In addition, the meet " ∧ " and join " ∨ " of two ideals(filters) of an ADFL are defined, and finally it is proved that for any two ideals I and J of an ADFL L, I ∧ J and I ∨ J are also ideals of L, and for any two filter F and G of an ADFL L, F ∧ G and F ∨ G are also filters of L.
Derivations into Duals of Ideals of Banach Algebras
M E Gorgi; T Yazdanpanah
2004-11-01
We introduce two notions of amenability for a Banach algebra $\\mathcal{A}$. Let be a closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}$, we say $\\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable if the first cohomology group of $\\mathcal{A}$ with coefficients in the dual space * is zero; i.e., $H^1(\\mathcal{A},I^*) =\\{0\\}$, and, $\\mathcal{A}$ is ideally amenable if $\\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable for every closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}$. We relate these concepts to weak amenability of Banach algebras. We also show that ideal amenability is different from amenability and weak amenability. We study the -weak amenability of a Banach algebra $\\mathcal{A}$ for some special closed two-sided ideal .
Finite atomic lattices and resolutions of monomial ideals
Mapes, Sonja
2010-01-01
In this paper we primarily study monomial ideals and their minimal free resolutions by studying their associated LCM lattices. In particular, we formally define the notion of coordinatizing a finite atomic lattice P to produce a monomial ideal whose LCM lattice is P, and we give a complete characterization of all such coordinatizations. We prove that all relations in the lattice L(n) of all finite atomic lattices with n ordered atoms can be realized as deformations of exponents of monomial ideals. We also give structural results for L(n). Moreover, we prove that the cellular structure of a minimal free resolution of a monomial ideal M can be extended to minimal resolutions of certain monomial ideals whose LCM lattices are greater than that of M in L(n).
Ueckerdt, Torsten
2010-01-01
We consider the problem of generating all ideals of a poset. It is a long standing open problem, whether or not the ideals of any poset can be generated in constant amortized time, CAT for short. We refine the tree traversal, a method introduced by Pruesse and Ruskey in 1993, to obtain a CAT-generator for two large classes of posets: posets of interval dimension at most two and so called locally planar posets. This includes all posets for which a CAT-generator was known before. Posets of interval dimension at most two generalize both, interval orders and 2-dimensional posets. Locally planar posets generalize for example posets with a planar cover graph. We apply our results to CAT-generate all $c$-orientations of a planar graph. As a special case this is a CAT-generator for many combinatorial objects like domino and lozenge tilings, planar spanning trees, planar bipartite perfect matchings, Schnyder woods, and others.
Arnaud, Jacques; Philippe, Fabrice
2011-01-01
When a cylinder terminated by a piston, containing $N$ corpuscles, and with height $h$ is raised at temperature $\\theta$, the force that the corpuscles exerts on the piston is, to within constant factors: $F=N\\,\\theta/h$. This law, called the "ideal gas law", is valid at any temperature (except at very low temperatures when quantum effects are significant) and for any collection of corpuscles, in a space of arbitrary dimensions. It is usually derived under the assumption that the temperature is proportional to the corpuscle's kinetic energy. We show that this law rests only upon the democritian concept of corpuscles moving in vacuum, postulating that it is independent of the law of motion. This view-point puts aside restrictive assumptions that are sources of confusion. The present paper should accordingly facilitate the understanding of the physical meaning of the ideal gas law. The mathematics is elementary.
Smoothness in Binomial Edge Ideals
Hamid Damadi
2016-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper we study some geometric properties of the algebraic set associated to the binomial edge ideal of a graph. We study the singularity and smoothness of the algebraic set associated to the binomial edge ideal of a graph. Some of these algebraic sets are irreducible and some of them are reducible. If every irreducible component of the algebraic set is smooth we call the graph an edge smooth graph, otherwise it is called an edge singular graph. We show that complete graphs are edge smooth and introduce two conditions such that the graph G is edge singular if and only if it satisfies these conditions. Then, it is shown that cycles and most of trees are edge singular. In addition, it is proved that complete bipartite graphs are edge smooth.
Named Entity Recognition for IDEAL
Du, Qianzhou; Zhang, Xuan
2015-01-01
This project explored how to apply Named Entity Recognition to large Twitter and web page datasets to extract useful entities such as people, organization, location, and date. In addition, this NER utility has been scaled to the MapReduce framework on the Hadoop cluster. A schema and software allow this to be integrated with IDEAL. The term “Named Entity”, which was first introduced by Grishman and Sundheim, is widely used in Natural Language Processing (NLP). The researchers were focusing...
The fate of idealism in modern medicine.
Manson, Aaron
1994-01-01
William Osler's description of the ideal physician remains the dominant character-ideal for modern physicians. He believed that the personality traits that resulted from a belief in ascetic Protestantism, what has been called the Puritan temper, were essential in the practice of medicine. However, this idealism has been weakened by modern psychological theories which view idealism as an illness. In a culture oriented to health, rather than virtue, as an ultimate ideal, physicians can help develop a science of limits.
On Fuzzy Ideals of BL-Algebras
Biao Long Meng
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper we investigate further properties of fuzzy ideals of a BL-algebra. The notions of fuzzy prime ideals, fuzzy irreducible ideals, and fuzzy Gödel ideals of a BL-algebra are introduced and their several properties are investigated. We give a procedure to generate a fuzzy ideal by a fuzzy set. We prove that every fuzzy irreducible ideal is a fuzzy prime ideal but a fuzzy prime ideal may not be a fuzzy irreducible ideal and prove that a fuzzy prime ideal ω is a fuzzy irreducible ideal if and only if ω0=1 and |Im(ω|=2. We give the Krull-Stone representation theorem of fuzzy ideals in BL-algebras. Furthermore, we prove that the lattice of all fuzzy ideals of a BL-algebra is a complete distributive lattice. Finally, it is proved that every fuzzy Boolean ideal is a fuzzy Gödel ideal, but the converse implication is not true.
On Fuzzy Ideals of BL-Algebras
Xin, Xiao Long
2014-01-01
In this paper we investigate further properties of fuzzy ideals of a BL-algebra. The notions of fuzzy prime ideals, fuzzy irreducible ideals, and fuzzy Gödel ideals of a BL-algebra are introduced and their several properties are investigated. We give a procedure to generate a fuzzy ideal by a fuzzy set. We prove that every fuzzy irreducible ideal is a fuzzy prime ideal but a fuzzy prime ideal may not be a fuzzy irreducible ideal and prove that a fuzzy prime ideal ω is a fuzzy irreducible ideal if and only if ω(0) = 1 and |Im(ω)| = 2. We give the Krull-Stone representation theorem of fuzzy ideals in BL-algebras. Furthermore, we prove that the lattice of all fuzzy ideals of a BL-algebra is a complete distributive lattice. Finally, it is proved that every fuzzy Boolean ideal is a fuzzy Gödel ideal, but the converse implication is not true. PMID:24892085
Fuzzy Ideals and Fuzzy Distributive Lattices%Fuzzy Ideals and Fuzzy Distributive Lattices*
S.H.Dhanani; Y. S. Pawar
2011-01-01
Our main objective is to study properties of a fuzzy ideals (fuzzy dual ideals). A study of special types of fuzzy ideals (fuzzy dual ideals) is also furnished. Some properties of a fuzzy ideals (fuzzy dual ideals) are furnished. Properties of a fuzzy lattice homomorphism are discussed. Fuzzy ideal lattice of a fuzzy lattice is defined and discussed. Some results in fuzzy distributive lattice are proved.
Ideal 3D asymmetric concentrator
Garcia-Botella, Angel [Departamento Fisica Aplicada a los Recursos Naturales, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, E.T.S.I. de Montes, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Fernandez-Balbuena, Antonio Alvarez; Vazquez, Daniel; Bernabeu, Eusebio [Departamento de Optica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Fac. CC. Fisicas, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)
2009-01-15
Nonimaging optics is a field devoted to the design of optical components for applications such as solar concentration or illumination. In this field, many different techniques have been used for producing reflective and refractive optical devices, including reverse engineering techniques. In this paper we apply photometric field theory and elliptic ray bundles method to study 3D asymmetric - without rotational or translational symmetry - concentrators, which can be useful components for nontracking solar applications. We study the one-sheet hyperbolic concentrator and we demonstrate its behaviour as ideal 3D asymmetric concentrator. (author)
Parametric resonance in ideal magnetohydrodynamics
Zaqarashvili
2000-08-01
We show that an external nonelectromagnetic periodic inhomogeneous force sets up a parametric resonance in an ideal magnetohydrodynamics. Alfven waves with certain wavelengths grow exponentially in amplitude. Nonlinear interaction between the resonant harmonics produces the long-term modulation of amplitudes. The mechanism of the energy transformation from an external nonelectromagnetic force to magnetic oscillations of the system presented here can be used in understanding the physical background of the gravitational action on the magnetized medium. Future application of this theory to several astrophysical problems is briefly discussed.
Complexity of culture: the role of identity and context in bicultural individuals' body ideals.
Guan, Mei; Lee, Fiona; Cole, Elizabeth R
2012-07-01
Culture plays an important role in shaping body image, and people from different cultures have different beliefs about what constitutes the "ideal" body type. This study examines the relationship between culture and body ideals in Asian-American and Black-American women. Results from two studies show that subjective cultural identity and situational cultural cues had different relationships with body ideals. Among Asian-American women, identification with Asian culture was related to a thinner body ideal, but exposure to Asian cultural cues (relative to American cultural cues) was related to a thicker body ideal. Among Black-American women, identification with Black culture was related to a thicker body ideal, but exposure to Black cultural cues (relative to American cultural cues) was related to a thinner body ideal. These results have theoretical and practical implications for understanding how internal and external manifestations of culture can differentially influence body image.
Statistical Theory of the Ideal MHD Geodynamo
Shebalin, J. V.
2012-01-01
A statistical theory of geodynamo action is developed, using a mathematical model of the geodynamo as a rotating outer core containing an ideal (i.e., no dissipation), incompressible, turbulent, convecting magnetofluid. On the concentric inner and outer spherical bounding surfaces the normal components of the velocity, magnetic field, vorticity and electric current are zero, as is the temperature fluctuation. This allows the use of a set of Galerkin expansion functions that are common to both velocity and magnetic field, as well as vorticity, current and the temperature fluctuation. The resulting dynamical system, based on the Boussinesq form of the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations, represents MHD turbulence in a spherical domain. These basic equations (minus the temperature equation) and boundary conditions have been used previously in numerical simulations of forced, decaying MHD turbulence inside a sphere [1,2]. Here, the ideal case is studied through statistical analysis and leads to a prediction that an ideal coherent structure will be found in the form of a large-scale quasistationary magnetic field that results from broken ergodicity, an effect that has been previously studied both analytically and numerically for homogeneous MHD turbulence [3,4]. The axial dipole component becomes prominent when there is a relatively large magnetic helicity (proportional to the global correlation of magnetic vector potential and magnetic field) and a stationary, nonzero cross helicity (proportional to the global correlation of velocity and magnetic field). The expected angle of the dipole moment vector with respect to the rotation axis is found to decrease to a minimum as the average cross helicity increases for a fixed value of magnetic helicity and then to increase again when average cross helicity approaches its maximum possible value. Only a relatively small value of cross helicity is needed to produce a dipole moment vector that is aligned at approx.10deg with the
Measuring explosive non-ideality
Souers, P C
1999-02-17
The sonic reaction zone length may be measured by four methods: (1) size effect, (2) detonation front curvature, (3) crystal interface velocity and (4) in-situ gauges. The amount of data decreases exponentially from (1) to (4) with there being almost no gauge data for prompt detonation at steady state. The ease and clarity of obtaining the reaction zone length increases from (1) to (4). The method of getting the reaction zone length,
Imagining the ideal dairy farm.
Cardoso, Clarissa S; Hötzel, Maria José; Weary, Daniel M; Robbins, Jesse A; von Keyserlingk, Marina A G
2016-02-01
Practices in agriculture can have negative effects on the environment, rural communities, food safety, and animal welfare. Although disagreements are possible about specific issues and potential solutions, it is widely recognized that public input is needed in the development of socially sustainable agriculture systems. The aim of this study was to assess the views of people not affiliated with the dairy industry on what they perceived to be the ideal dairy farm and their associated reasons. Through an online survey, participants were invited to respond to the following open-ended question: "What do you consider to be an ideal dairy farm and why are these characteristics important to you?" Although participants referenced social, economic, and ecological aspects of dairy farming, animal welfare was the primary issue raised. Concern was expressed directly about the quality of life for the animals, and the indirect effect of animal welfare on milk quality. Thus participants appeared to hold an ethic for dairy farming that included concern for the animal, as well as economic, social, and environmental aspects of the dairy system.
Implicit beliefs about ideal body image predict body image dissatisfaction
Heider, Niclas; Spruyt, Adriaan; De Houwer, Jan
2015-01-01
We examined whether implicit measures of actual and ideal body image can be used to predict body dissatisfaction in young female adults. Participants completed two Implicit Relational Assessment Procedures (IRAPs) to examine their implicit beliefs concerning actual (e.g., I am thin) and desired ideal body image (e.g., I want to be thin). Body dissatisfaction was examined via self-report questionnaires and rating scales. As expected, differences in body dissatisfaction exerted a differential i...
Implicit Beliefs about Ideal Body Image Predict Body Image Dissatisfaction
Niclas eHeider; Adriaan eSpruyt; Jan eDe Houwer
2015-01-01
We examined whether implicit measures of actual and ideal body image can be used to predict body dissatisfaction in young female adults. Participants completed two Implicit Relational Assessment Procedures (IRAPs) to examine their implicit beliefs concerning actual (e.g., I am thin) and desired ideal body image (e.g., I want to be thin). Body dissatisfaction was examined via self-report questionnaires and rating scales. As expected, differences in body dissatisfaction exerted a differential i...
Walendziak, Andrzej
2015-01-01
The notions of an ideal and a fuzzy ideal in BN-algebras are introduced. The properties and characterizations of them are investigated. The concepts of normal ideals and normal congruences of a BN-algebra are also studied, the properties of them are displayed, and a one-to-one correspondence between them is presented. Conditions for a fuzzy set to be a fuzzy ideal are given. The relationships between ideals and fuzzy ideals of a BN-algebra are established. The homomorphic properties of fuzzy ideals of a BN-algebra are provided. Finally, characterizations of Noetherian BN-algebras and Artinian BN-algebras via fuzzy ideals are obtained. PMID:26125050
Comparability for ideals of regular rings
CHEN Huanyin
2005-01-01
In this paper we investigate necessary and sufficient conditions under which the ideals possess comparability structure. For regular rings, we prove that every square matrix over ideals satisfying general comparability admits a diagonal reduction by quasi invertible matrices.
Ideal proportional navigation for exoatmospheric interception
Li Kebo; Zhang Taotao; Chen Lei
2013-01-01
Ideal proportional navigation (IPN) is a natural choice for exoatmospheric interception for its mighty capture capability and ease of implementation.The closed-form solution of two-dimensional ideal proportional navigation was conducted in previous public literature,whereas the practical interception happens in the three-dimensional space.A novel set of relative dynamic equations is adopted in this paper,which is with the advantage of decoupling relative motion in the instantaneous rotation plane of the line of sight from the rotation of this plane.The dimension-reduced IPN is constructed in this instantaneous plane,which functions as a three-dimensional guidance law.The trajectory features of dimension-reduced IPN are explored,and the capture regions of dimension-reduced IPN with limited acceleration against nonmaneuvering and maneuvering targets are analyzed by using phase plane method.It is proved that the capture capability of IPN is much stronger than true proportional navigation (TPN),no matter the target maneuvers or not.Finally,simulation results indicate that IPN is more effective than TPN in exoatmospheric interception scenarios.
Valutazione economica dello studio IDEAL
Enrica Menditto
2007-10-01
Full Text Available Introduction: the IDEAL (“High-dose atorvastatin vs usual-dose simvastatin for secondary prevention after myocardial infarction” study was carried out to compare intensive lowering of low-density lipoprotein (LDL-cholesterol using the highest recommended dose of atorvastatin 80 mg with simvastatin 40 mg. Aim: our aim was to investigate the economic consequence of high dose of atorvastatin vs usual-dose of simvastatin in reducing major coronary events in patients with a history of acute myocardial infarction (AMI. Methods: the analysis is based on clinical outcome data from the IDEAL study. We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis, comparing high dose of atorvastatin (80 mg/die versus usual-dose of simvastatin (20 mg/die in the perspective of the Italian National Health Service. We identified and quantified medical costs: drug costs according to the Italian National Therapeutic Formulary and hospitalizations were quantified based on the Italian National Health Service tariffs (2006. Effects were measured in terms of mortality and morbidity reduction (number of deaths, life years gained and frequency of hospitalizations. We considered an observation period of 4.8 years. The costs borne after the first 12 months were discounted using an annual rate of 3%. We conducted one and multi-way sensitivity analyses on unit cost and effectiveness. We also conducted a threshold analysis. Results: the cost of simvastatin or atorvastatin therapy over the 4.8 years period amounted to approximately 2.3 millions euro and 2.6 millions euro per 1,000 patients respectively. Atorvastatin was more efficacious compared to simvastatin and the overall cost of care per 1,000 patients over 4.8 years of follow-up was estimated at 4.3 millions euro in the simvastatin and 4,18 millions euro in the atorvastatin group, resulting into a cost saving of 121,518 euro that is 2.8% of total costs occurred in the simvastatin group. Discussion: this study is the first economic
Computational Methods for Ideal Magnetohydrodynamics
Kercher, Andrew D.
Numerical schemes for the ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) are widely used for modeling space weather and astrophysical flows. They are designed to resolve the different waves that propagate through a magnetohydro fluid, namely, the fast, Alfven, slow, and entropy waves. Numerical schemes for ideal magnetohydrodynamics that are based on the standard finite volume (FV) discretization exhibit pseudo-convergence in which non-regular waves no longer exist only after heavy grid refinement. A method is described for obtaining solutions for coplanar and near coplanar cases that consist of only regular waves, independent of grid refinement. The method, referred to as Compound Wave Modification (CWM), involves removing the flux associated with non-regular structures and can be used for simulations in two- and three-dimensions because it does not require explicitly tracking an Alfven wave. For a near coplanar case, and for grids with 213 points or less, we find root-mean-square-errors (RMSEs) that are as much as 6 times smaller. For the coplanar case, in which non-regular structures will exist at all levels of grid refinement for standard FV schemes, the RMSE is as much as 25 times smaller. A multidimensional ideal MHD code has been implemented for simulations on graphics processing units (GPUs). Performance measurements were conducted for both the NVIDIA GeForce GTX Titan and Intel Xeon E5645 processor. The GPU is shown to perform one to two orders of magnitude greater than the CPU when using a single core, and two to three times greater than when run in parallel with OpenMP. Performance comparisons are made for two methods of storing data on the GPU. The first approach stores data as an Array of Structures (AoS), e.g., a point coordinate array of size 3 x n is iterated over. The second approach stores data as a Structure of Arrays (SoA), e.g. three separate arrays of size n are iterated over simultaneously. For an AoS, coalescing does not occur, reducing memory efficiency
Search for the decay of the Higgs boson into two nMSSM pseudo-scalar particles
\\v{Z}ivkovi{c}, Lidija; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
The next to MSSM theory predicts the existence of a light pseudoscalar boson "a", and the decay of the Higgs boson into a pair of such particles. The search for this model in several final states relative to different decay modes of the "a" particle, is presented using 20.3~fb$^{-1}$ at the $\\sqrt{s}=8$~TeV and 3.2~fb$^{-1}$ at the $\\sqrt{s}=13$~TeV.
Concave soft sets, critical soft points, and union-soft ideals of ordered semigroups.
Jun, Young Bae; Song, Seok Zun; Muhiuddin, G
2014-01-01
The notions of union-soft semigroups, union-soft l-ideals, and union-soft r-ideals are introduced, and related properties are investigated. Characterizations of a union-soft semigroup, a union-soft l-ideal, and a union-soft r-ideal are provided. The concepts of union-soft products and union-soft semiprime soft sets are introduced, and their properties related to union-soft l-ideals and union-soft r-ideals are investigated. Using the notions of union-soft l-ideals and union-soft r-ideals, conditions for an ordered semigroup to be regular are considered. The concepts of concave soft sets and critical soft points are introduced, and their properties are discussed.
Concave Soft Sets, Critical Soft Points, and Union-Soft Ideals of Ordered Semigroups
Young Bae Jun
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The notions of union-soft semigroups, union-soft l-ideals, and union-soft r-ideals are introduced, and related properties are investigated. Characterizations of a union-soft semigroup, a union-soft l-ideal, and a union-soft r-ideal are provided. The concepts of union-soft products and union-soft semiprime soft sets are introduced, and their properties related to union-soft l-ideals and union-soft r-ideals are investigated. Using the notions of union-soft l-ideals and union-soft r-ideals, conditions for an ordered semigroup to be regular are considered. The concepts of concave soft sets and critical soft points are introduced, and their properties are discussed.
√z-Ideals and√z°-Ideals in C(X)
F. AZARPANAH; R. MOHAMADIAN
2007-01-01
It is well known that every prime ideal minimal over a z-ideal is also a z-ideal. The converseis also well known in C(X). Thus whenever I is an ideal in C(X), then √I is a z-ideal if and only ifI is, in which case √I= I. We show the same fact for z°-ideals and then it turns out that the sum ofa primary ideal and a z-ideal (z°-ideal) in C(X) which are not in a chain is a prime z-ideal (z°-ideal).We also show that every decomposable z-ideal (z°-ideal) in C(X) is the intersection of a finite numberof prime z-ideals (z°-ideal). Some counter-examples in general rings and some characterizations for thelargest (smallest) z-ideal and z°-ideal contained in (containing) an ideal are given.
On T-Fuzzy Ideals in Nearrings
Muhammad Akram
2007-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce the notion of fuzzy ideals in nearrings with respect to a t-norm T and investigate some of their properties. Using T-fuzzy ideals, characterizations of Artinian and Noetherian nearrings are established. Some properties of T-fuzzy ideals of the quotient nearrings are also considered.
Recharging Our Sense of Idealism: Concluding Thoughts
D'Andrea, Michael; Dollarhide, Colette T.
2011-01-01
In this article, the authors aim to recharge one's sense of idealism. They argue that idealism is the Vitamin C that sustains one's commitment to implementing humanistic principles and social justice practices in the work of counselors and educators. The idealism that characterizes counselors and educators who are humanistic and social justice…
Semilocal formal fibers of principal prime ideals
Chatlos, John; Watson, Nathaniel G; Wu, Sherry X
2009-01-01
Let (T,m) be a complete local (Notherian) ring, C a finite set of pairwise incomparable nonmaximal prime ideals of T, and p a nonzero element. We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for T to be the completion of an integral domain A containing the prime ideal pA whose formal fiber is semilocal with maximal ideals the elements of C.
无
2006-01-01
@@ Does as an ideal bus technology exist? Many companies have and will promote a single technology as the ideal bus that will meet all application needs, but in actuality, each bus technology has its own strengths and weaknesses and thus is appropriate for different applications. History has shown the folly of claiming an ideal bus for every application.
Recharging Our Sense of Idealism: Concluding Thoughts
D'Andrea, Michael; Dollarhide, Colette T.
2011-01-01
In this article, the authors aim to recharge one's sense of idealism. They argue that idealism is the Vitamin C that sustains one's commitment to implementing humanistic principles and social justice practices in the work of counselors and educators. The idealism that characterizes counselors and educators who are humanistic and social justice…
Rees algebras of square-free monomial ideals
Fouli, Louiza
2012-01-01
We study the defining equations of the Rees algebra of square-free monomial ideals in a polynomial ring over a field. We determine that when an ideal $I$ is generated by $n$ square-free monomials of the same degree then $I$ has relation type at most $n-2$ as long as $n \\leq 5$. In general, we establish the defining equations of the Rees algebra in this case. Furthermore, we give a class of examples with relation type at least $n-2$, where $n=\\mu(I)$. We also provide new classes of ideals of linear type. We propose the construction of a graph, namely the generator graph of an ideal, where the monomial generators serve as vertices for the graph. We show that when $I$ is a square-free monomial ideal generated in the same degree that is at least 2 and the generator graph of $I$ is the graph of a disjoint union of trees and graphs with unique odd cycles then $I$ is an ideal of linear type.
Qualities of Ideal Teacher Educators
Nihal Tunca
2015-04-01
Full Text Available Abstract Generally, the relationship between the teacher educators' qualities and the quality of teacher education has not been discussed extensively in the literature. At the same time, various studies can be found in the eastern literature examining the characteristics of faculty members at the education faculties. The effect of teacher educators over teacher candidates has not been explored, and in this sense, there is limited number of studies examining faculty members at education faculties in Turkey. Mostly employing quantitative research designs, these studies have focused on faculty members in terms of various characteristics However, which qualities that faculty members should have as a whole have not been studied. However, faculty members, as well as teachers who are a matter of debate in terms of the qualities they are supposed to have should be examined in research studies. In this context, this study aims to identify the qualities that an ideal teacher educator should have from the perspective of education faculty students as future teachers. The current research is a qualitative study in phenomenology design. The participants of the study are third and fourth year 214 pre-service teachers from the departments of Science and Technology Teaching, Pre-School Teacher Education, Classroom Teacher Education, Social Studies Teaching and Turkish Language Teaching. Criterion sampling was used for participant selection. The data gathering tool consisted of an open-ended question that would reveal the qualities that an ideal teacher educator should have based on teacher candidates’ views. Junior and senior teacher candidates’ views were asked and the data were analyzed according to content analysis approach. As a result, the qualities that an ideal teacher educator should have been gathered under five main themes including ‘professional roles and responsibilities, professional values, personal characteristics, professional ethic
Kothawala, Dawood, E-mail: dawood@physics.iitm.ac.in [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5A3 (Canada)
2013-03-26
We study the quantum partition function of non-relativistic, ideal gas in a (non-cubical) box falling freely in arbitrary curved spacetime with center 4-velocity u{sup a}. When perturbed energy eigenvalues are properly taken into account, we find that corrections to various thermodynamic quantities include a very specific, sub-dominant term which is independent of kinematic details such as box dimensions and mass of particles. This term is characterized by the dimensionless quantity, Ξ=R{sub 0{sup ^}0{sup ^}}Λ{sup 2}, where R{sub 0{sup ^}0{sup ^}}=R{sub ab}u{sup a}u{sup b} and Λ=βℏc, and, quite intriguingly, produces Euler relation of homogeneity two between entropy and energy – a relation familiar from black hole thermodynamics.
Extremely strict ideals in Banach spaces
T S S R K RAO
2016-08-01
Motivated by the notion of an ideal introduced by Godefroy {\\it et al.} ({\\it Studia Math.} {\\bf 104} (1993) 13–59), in this article, we introduce and study the notion of an extremely strict ideal. For a Poulsen simplex $K$, we show that the space of affine continuous functions on $K$ is an extremely strict ideal in the space of continuous functions on $K$. For injective tensor product spaces, we prove a cancelation theorem for extremely strict ideals. We also exhibit non-reflexive Banach spaces which are not strict ideals in their fourth dual.
Field topologies in ideal and near-ideal magnetohydrodynamics and vortex dynamics
Low, B. C.
2015-01-01
Magnetic field topology frozen in ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and its breakage in near-ideal MHD are reviewed in two parts, clarifying and expanding basic concepts. The first part gives a physically complete description of the frozen field topology derived from magnetic flux conservation as the fundamental property, treating four conceptually related topics: Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of three dimensional (3D) MHD, Chandrasekhar-Kendall and Euler-potential field representations, magnetic helicity, and inviscid vortex dynamics as a fluid system in physical contrast to ideal MHD. A corollary of these developments clarifies the challenge of achieving a high degree of the frozen-in condition in numerical MHD. The second part treats field-topology breakage centered around the Parker Magnetostatic Theorem on a general incompatibility of a continuous magnetic field with the dual demand of force-free equilibrium and an arbitrarily prescribed, 3D field topology. Preserving field topology as a global constraint readily results in formation of tangential magnetic discontinuities, or, equivalently, electric current-sheets of zero thickness. A similar incompatibility is present in the steady force-thermal balance of a heated radiating fluid subject to an anisotropic thermal flux conducted strictly along its frozen-in magnetic field in the low- β limit. In a weakly resistive fluid the thinning of current sheets by these general incompatibilities inevitably results in sheet dissipation, resistive heating and topological changes in the field notwithstanding the small resistivity. Strong Faraday induction drives but also macroscopically limits this mode of energy dissipation, trapping or storing free energy in self-organized ideal-MHD structures. This property of MHD turbulence captured by the Taylor hypothesis is reviewed in relation to the Sun's corona, calling for a basic quantitative description of the breakdown of flux conservation in the low-resistivity limit
Minimal Reductions and Cores of Edge Ideals
Fouli, Louiza
2010-01-01
We study minimal reductions of edge ideals of graphs containing a unique even cycle, and determine restrictions on the coefficients of the generators of these minimal reductions. We focus our attention on two special subclasses of edge ideals; the first is edge ideals of even cycles and the second is edge ideals of even cycles with an arbitrary number of whiskers. We prove that $\\rm{core}(I)=\\mathfrak{m} I$, where $I$ is the edge ideal in the corresponding localized polynomial ring and $\\mathfrak{m}$ is the maximal ideal of this ring. Moreover, we show that the core is obtained as a finite intersection of homogeneous minimal reductions in the case of even cycles. The formula for the core does not hold in general for the edge ideal of any graph and we provide a counterexample. In particular, we show in this example that the core is not obtained as a finite intersection of general minimal reductions.
Comparison of real and idealized cetacean flippers
Murray, Mark; Weber, Paul; Howle, Laurens; Fish, Frank
2009-11-01
We explored the consequences of the idealization process by creating exact scale models of cetacean flippers using CT scans, creating corresponding idealized versions, then determining the hydrodynamic characteristics of the models via water tunnel testing. We found that the majority of the idealized models did not exhibit fluid dynamic properties that were drastically different from those of the real models, although multiple consequences resulting from the idealization process were evident. Drag performance was significantly improved by idealization. Overall, idealization is an excellent way to capture the relevant effects of a phenomena found in nature, which spares the researcher from having to painstakingly create exact models, although we have found that there are situations where idealization may have unintended consequences such as one model that exhibited a decrease in lift performance.
Bomark, N.-E.; Moretti, S.; Roszkowski, L.
2016-10-01
A detection at the large hadron collider of a light Higgs pseudoscalar would, if interpreted in a supersymmetric framework, be a smoking gun signature of non-minimal supersymmetry. In this work in the framework of the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model we focus on vector boson fusion and Higgs-strahlung production of heavier scalars that subsequently decay into pairs of light pseudoscalars. We demonstrate that although these channels have in general very limited reach, they are viable for the detection of light pseudoscalars in some parts of parameter space and can serve as an important complementary probe to the dominant gluon-fusion production mode. We also demonstrate that in a Higgs factory these channels may reach sensitivities comparable to or even exceeding the gluon fusion channels at the Large Hadron Collider, thus possibly rendering this our best option to discover a light pseudoscalar. It is also worth mentioning that for the singlet dominated scalar this may be the only way to measure its couplings to gauge bosons. Especially promising are channels where the initial scalar is radiated off a W as these events have relatively high rates and provide substantial background suppression due to leptons from the W. We identify three benchmark points that well represent the above scenarios. Assuming that the masses of the scalars and pseudoscalars are already measured in the gluon-fusion channel, the event kinematics can be further constrained, hence significantly improving detection prospects. This is especially important in the Higgs-strahlung channels with rather heavy scalars, and results in possible detection at 200 fb-1 for the most favoured parts of the parameter space.
Multiplier Ideals and Integral Closure of Monomial Ideals: An Analytic Approach
McNeal, Jeffery D
2010-01-01
Proofs of two results about a monomial ideal -- describing membership in auxiliary ideals associated to the monomial ideal -- are given which do not invoke resolution of singularities. The AM--GM inequality is used as a substitute for taking a log resolution of the monomial ideal.
Materialised Ideals Sizes and Beauty
Kirsi Laitala
2011-04-01
Full Text Available Today’s clothing industry is based on a system where clothes are made in ready-to-wear sizes and meant to fit most people. Studies have pointed out that consumers are discontent with the use of these systems: size designations are not accurate enough to find clothing that fits, and different sizes are poorly available. This article discusses in depth who these consumers are, and which consumer groups are the most dissatisfied with today’s sizing systems. Results are based on a web survey where 2834 Nordic consumers responded, complemented with eight in-depth interviews, market analysis on clothing sizes and in-store trouser size measurements. Results indicate that higher shares of the consumers who have a body out of touch with the existing beauty ideals express discontentment with the sizing systems and the poor selection available. In particular, large women, very large men, and thin, short men are those who experience less priority in clothing stores and have more difficulties in finding clothes that fit. Consumers tend to blame themselves when the clothes do not fit their bodies, while our study points out that the industry is to blame as they do not produce clothing for all customers.
Comparison of real and idealized cetacean flippers
Weber, P W; Howle, L E [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University, Box 90300, Durham, NC 27708 (United States); Murray, M M [Department of Mechanical Engineering, United States Naval Academy, 590 Holloway Road, Annapolis, MD 21402 (United States); Fish, F E, E-mail: laurens.howle@duke.ed [Department of Biology, West Chester University, 750 S Church Street, West Chester, PA 19383 (United States)
2009-12-15
When a phenomenon in nature is mimicked for practical applications, it is often done so in an idealized fashion, such as representing the shape found in nature with convenient, piece-wise smooth mathematical functions. The aim of idealization is to capture the advantageous features of the natural phenomenon without having to exactly replicate it, and it is often assumed that the idealization process does in fact capture the relevant geometry. We explored the consequences of the idealization process by creating exact scale models of cetacean flippers using CT scans, creating corresponding idealized versions and then determining the hydrodynamic characteristics of the models via water tunnel testing. We found that the majority of the idealized models did not exhibit fluid dynamic properties that were drastically different from those of the real models, although multiple consequences resulting from the idealization process were evident. Drag performance was significantly improved by idealization. Overall, idealization is an excellent way to capture the relevant effects of a phenomenon found in nature, which spares the researcher from having to painstakingly create exact models, although we have found that there are situations where idealization may have unintended consequences such as one model that exhibited a decrease in lift performance.
Measurable Control System Security through Ideal Driven Technical Metrics
Miles McQueen; Wayne Boyer; Sean McBride; Marie Farrar; Zachary Tudor
2008-01-01
The Department of Homeland Security National Cyber Security Division supported development of a small set of security ideals as a framework to establish measurable control systems security. Based on these ideals, a draft set of proposed technical metrics was developed to allow control systems owner-operators to track improvements or degradations in their individual control systems security posture. The technical metrics development effort included review and evaluation of over thirty metrics-related documents. On the bases of complexity, ambiguity, or misleading and distorting effects the metrics identified during the reviews were determined to be weaker than necessary to aid defense against the myriad threats posed by cyber-terrorism to human safety, as well as to economic prosperity. Using the results of our metrics review and the set of security ideals as a starting point for metrics development, we identified thirteen potential technical metrics - with at least one metric supporting each ideal. Two case study applications of the ideals and thirteen metrics to control systems were then performed to establish potential difficulties in applying both the ideals and the metrics. The case studies resulted in no changes to the ideals, and only a few deletions and refinements to the thirteen potential metrics. This led to a final proposed set of ten core technical metrics. To further validate the security ideals, the modifications made to the original thirteen potential metrics, and the final proposed set of ten core metrics, seven separate control systems security assessments performed over the past three years were reviewed for findings and recommended mitigations. These findings and mitigations were then mapped to the security ideals and metrics to assess gaps in their coverage. The mappings indicated that there are no gaps in the security ideals and that the ten core technical metrics provide significant coverage of standard security issues with 87% coverage. Based
Engaging distortions: are we idealizing marriage?
Bonds-Raacke, J M; Bearden, E S; Carriere, N J; Anderson, E M; Nicks, S D
2001-03-01
The present study was an investigation of the premarital status of engagement in terms of relationship satisfaction and marital expectations using the Evaluation and Nurturing Relationship Issues, Communication and Happiness (ENRICH) Marital Satisfaction Scale (EMS) and its two subscales of Idealistic Distortion (ID) and Marital Satisfaction (MS) (D. G. Fournier, D. H. Olson, & J. M. Druckman, 1983). There were 104 students (23 men and 81 women), of which 15 were married, 19 were engaged, and 70 had extended dating relationships. On average, participants had been in the relationship for 3.8 years, and the mean age was 22 years. Results demonstrated that individuals engaged to be married had significantly higher idealistic distortion scores (M = 86.89) than did either married individuals (M = 56.67) or those in extended dating relationships (M = 61.19). Finally, a negative relation was found between length of relationships and marital satisfaction subscores. Results are discussed in light of factors contributing to such idealized thinking.
Bragova, Arina
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Formulating the juridical component of his ideal state in the dialogue De legibus Cicero combines Greek legal theory and Roman state activity. He sees the law as a supreme ratio inherent in the nature, which allows people to do what ought to be done and to refrain from the opposite. It is justice that can be found at the core of law, but (contrary to the sophistic tradition – justice available to every citizen, not exclusively to the rulers, since only this sort of law guarantees equal treatment to all Roman citizens. Justice and equality are deeply rooted in civil virtues reflected in Roman tradition, an unwritten law of divine origin (that is why religious laws have to be most strictly observed. Examples given in the article show how Cicero uses these theoretical premises in his discussion of some legal acts related to the imperium of magistrates and the function of the tribunate.
Split NMSSM with electroweak baryogenesis
Demidov, S. V.; Gorbunov, D. S.; Kirpichnikov, D. V.
2016-11-01
In light of the Higgs boson discovery and other results of the LHC we re-consider generation of the baryon asymmetry in the split Supersymmetry model with an additional singlet superfield in the Higgs sector (non-minimal split SUSY). We find that successful baryogenesis during the first order electroweak phase transition is possible within a phenomenologically viable part of the model parameter space. We discuss several phenomenological consequences of this scenario, namely, predictions for the electric dipole moments of electron and neutron and collider signatures of light charginos and neutralinos.
Split NMSSM with electroweak baryogenesis
Demidov, S V; Kirpichnikov, D V
2016-01-01
In light of the Higgs boson discovery we reconsider generation of the baryon asymmetry in the non-minimal split Supersymmetry model with an additional singlet superfield in the Higgs sector. We find that successful baryogenesis during the first order electroweak phase transition is possible within phenomenologically viable part of the model parameter space. We discuss several phenomenological consequences of this scenario, namely, predictions for the electric dipole moments of electron and neutron and collider signatures of light charginos and neutralinos.
Split NMSSM with electroweak baryogenesis
Demidov, S.; Gorbunov, D; Kirpichnikov, D.
2016-01-01
In light of the Higgs boson discovery and other results of the LHC we re-consider generation of the baryon asymmetry in the split Supersymmetry model with an additional singlet superfield in the Higgs sector (non-minimal split SUSY). We find that successful baryogenesis during the first order electroweak phase transition is possible within a phenomenologically viable part of the model parameter space. We discuss several phenomenological consequences of this scenario, namely, predictions for t...
On Ideal Convergence of Double Sequences in Probabilistic Normed Spaces
Vijay KUMAR; Bernardo LAFUERZA-GUILL(E)N
2012-01-01
The notion of ideal convergence is a generalization of statistical convergence which has been intensively investigated in last few years.For an admissible ideal ∮ (∈) N × N,the aim of the present paper is to introduce the concepts of ∮-convergence and ∮*-convergence for double sequences on probabilistic normed spaces (PN spaces for short).We give some relations related to these notions and find condition on the ideal ∮ for which both the notions coincide.We also define ∮-Cauchy and ∮*-Cauchy double sequences on PN spaces and show that ∮-convergent double sequences are ∮-Cauchy on these spaces.We establish example which shows that our method of convergence for double sequences on PN spaces is more general.
Decoherence and damping in ideal gases
Polonyi, Janos
2010-01-01
The particle and current densities are shown to display damping and undergo decoherence in ideal quantum gases. The damping is read off from the equations of motion reminiscent of the Navier-Stokes equations and shows some formal similarity with Landau damping. The decoherence leads to consistent density and current histories with characteristic length and time scales given by the ideal gas.
Quantification of topological concepts using ideals
Robert Lowen
2001-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce certain ideals of real-valued functions as a natural generalization of filters. We show that these ideals establish a canonical framework for the quantification of topological concepts, such as closedness, adherence, and compactness, in the setting of approach spaces.
Maintaining ideal body weight counseling sessions
Brammer, S.H.
1980-10-09
The purpose of this program is to provide employees with the motivation, knowledge and skills necessary to maintain ideal body weight throughout life. The target audience for this program, which is conducted in an industrial setting, is the employee 40 years of age or younger who is at or near his/her ideal body weight.
Ideal and Nonideal Reasoning in Educational Theory
Jaggar, Alison M.
2015-01-01
The terms "ideal theory" and "nonideal theory" are used in contemporary Anglophone political philosophy to identify alternative methodological approaches for justifying normative claims. Each term is used in multiple ways. In this article Alison M. Jaggar disentangles several versions of ideal and nonideal theory with a view to…
Evaluating human enhancements: the importance of ideals.
Roduit, Johann A R; Baumann, Holger; Heilinger, Jan-Christoph
2014-01-01
Is it necessary to have an ideal of perfection in mind to identify and evaluate true biotechnological human "enhancements", or can one do without? To answer this question we suggest employing the distinction between ideal and non-ideal theory, found in the debate in political philosophy about theories of justice: the distinctive views about whether one needs an idea of a perfectly just society or not when it comes to assessing the current situation and recommending steps to increase justice. In this paper we argue that evaluating human enhancements from a non-ideal perspective has some serious shortcomings, which can be avoided when endorsing an ideal approach. Our argument starts from a definition of human enhancement as improvement, which can be understood in two ways. The first approach is backward-looking and assesses improvements with regard to a status quo ante. The second, a forward-looking approach, evaluates improvements with regard to their proximity to a goal or according to an ideal. After outlining the limitations of an exclusively backward-looking view (non-ideal theory), we answer possible objections against a forward-looking view (ideal theory). Ultimately, we argue that the human enhancement debate would lack some important moral insights if a forward-looking view of improvement is not taken into consideration.
Ideal and Nonideal Reasoning in Educational Theory
Jaggar, Alison M.
2015-01-01
The terms "ideal theory" and "nonideal theory" are used in contemporary Anglophone political philosophy to identify alternative methodological approaches for justifying normative claims. Each term is used in multiple ways. In this article Alison M. Jaggar disentangles several versions of ideal and nonideal theory with a view to…
Three Properties of the Ideal Reader.
Kay, Paul
The main experience of an ideal reader while reading a text is an "envisionment" of that text, a representation in the reader's mind of the content of the text. According to this view the envisionment grows and sometimes changes as the reader progresses through the text, and the ideal reader not only updates and supplements the…
On the critical ideals of graphs
Corrales, Hugo
2012-01-01
The critical group of a connected graph G is a finite abelian group isomorphic to the sandpile group of G. In this paper we introduce some determinantal ideals of the generalized Laplacian matrix of G, that we have called critical ideals. Critical ideals of a graph generalize the critical group and they have the advantage that allow to separate the arithmetic information from the algebraic and combinatorial information of the graph contained in the critical group. The main results of this article concern to the determination of some minimal generator sets and the reduced Grobner basis for the critical ideals of the complete graphs, the cycles and the paths. Also, we establish a bound between the number of critical ideals that are trivial and the stability and clique numbers of the graph. Finally, we develop some combinatorial expressions for the minors of the generalized Laplacian matrix.
Christoph Dönges
1994-01-01
Full Text Available Several statements on quasi-ideals of semirings are given in this paper, where these semirings may have an absorbing element O or not. In Section 2 we characterize regular semirings and regular elements of semi-rings using quasi-ideals (cf. Thms. 2.1, 2.2 and 2.7. In Section 3 we deal with (O−minimal and canonical quasi-ideals. In particular, if the considered semiring S is semiprime or quasi-reflexive, we present criterions which allow to decide easily whether an (O−minimal quasi-ideal of S is canonical (cf. Thms. 3.4 and 3.8. If S is an arbitrary semiring, we prove that for (O−minimal left and right ideals L and R of S the product 〈RL〉⫅L⋂R is either {O} or a canonical quasi-ideal of S (Thm. 3.9. Moreover, for each canonical quasi-ideal Q of a semiring S and each element a∈S, Qa is either {O} or again a canonical quasi-ideal of S (Thm. 3.11, and the product 〈Q1Q2〉 of canonical quasi-ideals Q1, Q2 of S is either {O} or again a canonical quasi-ideal of S (Thm. 3.12. Corresponding results to those given here for semirings are mostly known as well for rings as for semigroups, but often proved by different methods. All proofs of our paper, however, apply simultaneously to semirings, rings and semigroups (cf. Convention 1.1, and we also formulate our results in a unified way for these three cases. The only exceptions are statements on semirings and semigroups without an absorbing element O, which cannot have corresponding statements on rings since each ring has its zero as an absorbing element.
Nonlinear excursions of particles in ideal 2D flows
Aref, Hassan; Pedersen, Johan Rønby; Stremler, Mark A.;
2010-01-01
A number of problems related to particle trajectories in ideal 2D flows are discussed. Both regular particle paths, corresponding to integrable dynamics, and irregular or chaotic paths may arise. Examples of both types are shown. Sometimes, in the same flow, certain particles will follow regular ...
Globalisation, Globalism and Cosmopolitanism as an Educational Ideal
Papastephanou, Marianna
2005-01-01
In this paper, I discuss globalisation as an empirical reality that is in a complex relation to its corresponding discourse and in a critical distance from the cosmopolitan ideal. I argue that failure to grasp the distinctions between globalisation, globalism, and cosmopolitanism derives from mistaken identifications of the Is with the Ought and…
Implicit Beliefs about Ideal Body Image Predict Body Image Dissatisfaction
Niclas eHeider
2015-10-01
Full Text Available We examined whether implicit measures of actual and ideal body image can be used to predict body dissatisfaction in young female adults. Participants completed two Implicit Relational Assessment Procedures (IRAPs to examine their implicit beliefs concerning actual (e.g., I am thin and desired ideal body image (e.g., I want to be thin. Body dissatisfaction was examined via self-report questionnaires and rating scales. As expected, differences in body dissatisfaction exerted a differential influence on the two IRAP scores. Specifically, the implicit belief that one is thin was lower in participants who exhibited a high degree of body dissatisfaction than in participants who exhibited a low degree of body dissatisfaction. In contrast, the implicit desire to be thin (i.e., thin ideal body image was stronger in participants who exhibited a high level of body dissatisfaction than in participants who were less dissatisfied with their body. Adding further weight to the idea that both IRAP measures captured different underlying constructs, we also observed that they correlated differently with body mass index, explicit body dissatisfaction, and explicit measures of actual and ideal body image. More generally, these findings underscore the advantage of using implicit measures that incorporate relational information relative to implicit measures that allow for an assessment of associative relations only.
The Ideal of Education and the Emancipation of Labour
Pavlidis, Periklis
2013-01-01
This article discusses the ideal of education in relation to the pursuit of alternative perspectives in education, beyond its currently dominant subordination to the needs of the market. It presents the philosophical traditions of "paideia", "Bildung" and "liberal education", with special emphasis on the element they all share--namely, the…
Perceived current and ideal body size in female undergraduates.
MacNeill, Lillian P; Best, Lisa A
2015-08-01
Body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes and behaviors are pervasive problems in Western society, particularly for females. The female "thin-ideal" is a potent contributor to the growing discontent with the female body and research has shown that even females who are normal or underweight, perceive themselves as overweight. The goal of the current study was to examine correlates of body image satisfaction and the perception of the female body. One hundred and sixty six female undergraduates (Mean Age=21.40 years) completed self-report measures pertaining to disordered eating (EAT-26) and body dissatisfaction (BIQ and ABS). Body image perception and satisfaction were measured using ratings of female bodies on a weight perception scale (PFRS). Overall, disordered eating was related to a lower ideal body size and greater body dissatisfaction. In support of previous research, the most common ideal female body had a BMI categorized as underweight. Although females in the current sample reported an ideal that was smaller than their current size, participants underestimated their current body size, which, given the amount of dieting and weight pressure in present Western society, seems counterintuitive. It is possible that thin ideal portrayed in the media is increasingly different from and at odds with the average female body. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Influence of the Heisenberg Principle on the Ideal Bose Gas
Zheng, Hua; Bonasera, Aldo
2013-01-01
The ideal Bose gas has two major shortcomings: at zero temperature, all the particles 'condense' at zero energy or momentum, thus violating the Heisenberg principle; the second is that the pressure below the critical point is independent of density resulting in zero incompressibility (or infinite isothermal compressibility) which is unphysical. We propose a modification of the ideal Bose gas to take into account the Heisenberg principle. This modification results in a finite (in)compressibility at all temperatures and densities. The main properties of the ideal Bose gas are preserved, i.e. the relation between the critical temperature and density, but the specific heat has a maximum at the critical temperature instead of a discontinuity. Of course interactions are crucial for both cases in order to describe actual physical systems.
Szymanski, R; Sosnowski, S; Maślanka, Ł
2016-03-28
Theoretical analysis and computer simulations (Monte Carlo and numerical integration of differential equations) show that the statistical effect of a small number of reacting molecules depends on a way the molecules are distributed among the small volume nano-reactors (droplets in this study). A simple reversible association A + B = C was chosen as a model reaction, enabling to observe both thermodynamic (apparent equilibrium constant) and kinetic effects of a small number of reactant molecules. When substrates are distributed uniformly among droplets, all containing the same equal number of substrate molecules, the apparent equilibrium constant of the association is higher than the chemical one (observed in a macroscopic-large volume system). The average rate of the association, being initially independent of the numbers of molecules, becomes (at higher conversions) higher than that in a macroscopic system: the lower the number of substrate molecules in a droplet, the higher is the rate. This results in the correspondingly higher apparent equilibrium constant. A quite opposite behavior is observed when reactant molecules are distributed randomly among droplets: the apparent association rate and equilibrium constants are lower than those observed in large volume systems, being the lower, the lower is the average number of reacting molecules in a droplet. The random distribution of reactant molecules corresponds to ideal (equal sizes of droplets) dispersing of a reaction mixture. Our simulations have shown that when the equilibrated large volume system is dispersed, the resulting droplet system is already at equilibrium and no changes of proportions of droplets differing in reactant compositions can be observed upon prolongation of the reaction time.
Thermodynamics of an ideal generalized gas: I. Thermodynamic laws.
Lavenda, B H
2005-11-01
The equations of state for an ideal relativistic, or generalized, gas, like an ideal quantum gas, are expressed in terms of power laws of the temperature. In contrast to an ideal classical gas, the internal energy is a function of volume at constant temperature, implying that the ideal generalized gas will show either attractive or repulsive interactions. This is a necessary condition in order that the third law be obeyed and for matter to have an electromagnetic origin. The transition from an ideal generalized to a classical gas occurs when the two independent solutions of the subsidiary equation to Lagrange's equation coalesce. The equation of state relating the pressure to the internal energy encompasses the full range of cosmological scenarios, from the radiation to the matter dominated universes and finally to the vacuum energy, enabling the coefficient of proportionality, analogous to the Grüeisen ratio, to be interpreted in terms of the degrees of freedom related to the temperature exponents of the internal energy and the absolute temperature expressed in terms of a power of the empirical temperature. The limit where these exponents merge is shown to be the ideal classical gas limit. A corollary to Carnot's theorem is proved, asserting that the ratio of the work done over a cycle to the heat absorbed to increase the temperature at constant volume is the same for all bodies at the same volume. As power means, the energy and entropy are incomparable, and a new adiabatic potential is introduced by showing that the volume raised to a characteristic exponent is also the integrating factor for the quantity of heat so that the second law can be based on the property that power means are monotonically increasing functions of their order. The vanishing of the chemical potential in extensive systems implies that energy cannot be transported without matter and is equivalent to the condition that Clapeyron's equation be satisfied.
Thermodynamics of an ideal generalized gas: I. Thermodynamic laws
Lavenda, B. H.
2005-11-01
The equations of state for an ideal relativistic, or generalized, gas, like an ideal quantum gas, are expressed in terms of power laws of the temperature. In contrast to an ideal classical gas, the internal energy is a function of volume at constant temperature, implying that the ideal generalized gas will show either attractive or repulsive interactions. This is a necessary condition in order that the third law be obeyed and for matter to have an electromagnetic origin. The transition from an ideal generalized to a classical gas occurs when the two independent solutions of the subsidiary equation to Lagrange's equation coalesce. The equation of state relating the pressure to the internal energy encompasses the full range of cosmological scenarios, from the radiation to the matter dominated universes and finally to the vacuum energy, enabling the coefficient of proportionality, analogous to the Grüeisen ratio, to be interpreted in terms of the degrees of freedom related to the temperature exponents of the internal energy and the absolute temperature expressed in terms of a power of the empirical temperature. The limit where these exponents merge is shown to be the ideal classical gas limit. A corollary to Carnot's theorem is proved, asserting that the ratio of the work done over a cycle to the heat absorbed to increase the temperature at constant volume is the same for all bodies at the same volume. As power means, the energy and entropy are incomparable, and a new adiabatic potential is introduced by showing that the volume raised to a characteristic exponent is also the integrating factor for the quantity of heat so that the second law can be based on the property that power means are monotonically increasing functions of their order. The vanishing of the chemical potential in extensive systems implies that energy cannot be transported without matter and is equivalent to the condition that Clapeyron's equation be satisfied.
Ideal regularization for learning kernels from labels.
Pan, Binbin; Lai, Jianhuang; Shen, Lixin
2014-08-01
In this paper, we propose a new form of regularization that is able to utilize the label information of a data set for learning kernels. The proposed regularization, referred to as ideal regularization, is a linear function of the kernel matrix to be learned. The ideal regularization allows us to develop efficient algorithms to exploit labels. Three applications of the ideal regularization are considered. Firstly, we use the ideal regularization to incorporate the labels into a standard kernel, making the resulting kernel more appropriate for learning tasks. Next, we employ the ideal regularization to learn a data-dependent kernel matrix from an initial kernel matrix (which contains prior similarity information, geometric structures, and labels of the data). Finally, we incorporate the ideal regularization to some state-of-the-art kernel learning problems. With this regularization, these learning problems can be formulated as simpler ones which permit more efficient solvers. Empirical results show that the ideal regularization exploits the labels effectively and efficiently.
A principle for ideal torus knots
Olsen, Kasper Wibeck; Bohr, Jakob
2013-01-01
Using bent-helix embeddings, we investigate simple and knotted torus windings that are made of tubes of finite thickness. Knots which have the shortest rope length are often denoted as ideal structures. Conventionally, the ideal structures are found by rope shortening routines. It is shown...... that alternatively they can be directly determined as maximally twisted structures. In many cases these structures are also structures with zero strain-twist coupling, i.e. structures that neither rotate one or the other way under strain. We use this principle to implement rapid numerical calculations of the ideal...
Predicting film genres with implicit ideals.
Olney, Andrew McGregor
2012-01-01
We present a new approach to defining film genre based on implicit ideals. When viewers rate the likability of a film, they indirectly express their ideal of what a film should be. Across six studies we investigate the category structure that emerges from likability ratings and the category structure that emerges from the features of film. We further compare these data-driven category structures with human annotated film genres. We conclude that film genres are structured more around ideals than around features of film. This finding lends experimental support to the notion that film genres are set of shifting, fuzzy, and highly contextualized psychological categories.
Perumusan Model Moneter Berdasarkan Perilaku Gas Ideal
Rachmad Resmiyanto
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Telah disusun sebuah model moneter yang berdasarkan perilaku gas ideal. Model disusun dengan menggunakan metode kias/analogi. Model moneter gas ideal mengiaskan jumlah uang beredar dengan volume gas, daya beli dengan tekanan gas dan produksi barang dengan suhu gas. Model ini memiliki formulasi yang berbeda dengan Teori Kuantitas Uang (Quantity Theory of Money yang dicetuskan oleh Irving Fisher, model moneter Marshal-Pigou dari Cambridge serta model moneter ala Keynes. Selama ini 3 model tersebut dianggap sebagai model yang mapan dalam teori moneter pada buku-buku teks ekonomi. Model moneter gas ideal dapat menjadi cara pandang baru terhadap sistem moneter.
Idealization of The Real Stirling Cycle
Červenka Libor
2016-12-01
Full Text Available The paper presents a potential idealization of the real Stirling cycle. This idealization is performed by modifying the piston movement corresponding to the ideal Stirling cycle. The focus is on the cycle thermodynamics with respect to the indicated efficiency and indicated power. A detailed 1-D simulation model of a Stirling engine is used as a tool for this assessment. The model includes real non-zero volumes of heater, regenerator, cooler and connecting pipe. The model is created in the GT Power commercial simulation software.
Predicting film genres with implicit ideals
Andrew McGregor Olney
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We present a new approach to defining film genre based on implicit ideals. When viewers rate the likability of a film, they indirectly express their ideal of what a film should be. Across six studies we investigate the category structure that emerges from likability ratings and the category structure that emerges from the features of film. We further compare these data-driven category structures with human annotated film genres. We conclude that film genres are structured more around ideals than around features of film. This finding lends experimental support to the notion that film genres are set of shifting, fuzzy, and highly contextualized psychological categories.
Neutrosophic Crisp Points & Neutrosophic Crisp Ideals
A. A. Salama
2013-03-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to define the so called "neutrosophic crisp points" and "neutrosophic crisp ideals", and obtain their fundamental properties. Possible application to GIS topology rules are touched upon.
Ideal Gas Laws: Experiments for General Chemistry
Deal, Walter J.
1975-01-01
Describes a series of experiments designed to verify the various relationships implicit in the ideal gas equation and shows that the success of the Graham's law effusion experiments can be explained by elementary hydrodynamics. (GS)
Ideal and nonideal theory: A conceptual overview
Trifunović Milica
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The article gives conceptual clarification on a distinction between ideal and nonideal theory by analyzing John Rawls´ theory as presented in his books “A Theory of Justice” and ”The Law of Peoples.“ The article tries to show the importance of ideal theory, while at the same time pointing out that the distinction, ideal and nonideal, needs further qualification. Further, the article also introduces the distinction of normative and descriptive into ideal and consequently nonideal theory. Through this four-fold distinction it is easier to establish the function of each theory and the separation of work-fields between philosophers, politicians and lawyers.
Ideals in Morita Rings and Morita Semigroups
Yu Qun CHEN; Yun FAN; Zhi Feng HAO
2005-01-01
We characterize the lattice of all ideals of a Morita ring (semigroup) when the corresponding pair of rings (semigroups) in the Morita context are Morita equivalent s-unital (like-unity) rings(semigroups).
The Ideal Resident Doctor: Á Resident's Perspective
trainer relationship can only then be imagined. ... like these lend themselves to personal and cultural ... An ideal resident's clinical options .... of humanistic and professional values, the lack of .... graduate medical education should do more in mak-.
Exchange rings satisfying power ideal-cancellation
陈焕艮
2003-01-01
In this paper, we introduce a new kind of partial power cancellations, and get a number of necessary and sufficient conditions for exchange rings satisfying power ideal-cancellation. These also extend many known results.
Mellem bureaukrati, klient og professionelle idealer
Sandholm Larsen, Niels; Johnsen, Helle; Larsen, Kristian
2015-01-01
Between Bureaucracy, Clients and Professional Ideals – a Sociological Approach to Midwifes Experiences Monitoring Fetal Heartbeat Using Different Technologies. This article examines professionals’ perspectives on shifts in status of technologies. The article builds on data from focus group interv...
Control of Ideal Heat Integrated Distillation Columns
黄克谨; 战德志; 中岩腾; 中根尧; 高松武一郎
1999-01-01
The operation of an ideal heat integrated dlstillation columan (HIDiC) is addressed .Five Kinds of control configurations, i.e. single-loop control, multi-loop control, multivariable internal model control (IMC), modified multlvariable internal model control (MIMC) and nonlinear process model-based control (NPMC), are designed and applied to the process. Simulation results demonstrate that all of the above control confaguratloam ere valid for product quality control. NPMC control configuration is found to be the best one among all the alternatives. It can readily realize setpoint transitions and conduct effectively against external disturbance. MIMC control configuration ranks second in the row for its regulatory responses to feed composition disturbances with relatively extended setting time, Next comes from the multi-loop control configuration, which is moee or lees handicapped by its greater deviations and overshootings. IMC control configuration can not compete with the multi-loop control configuration because it is extremely sensitive to operating condition changes. Single-ioop control configuration is the worst one among all the mentioned control configurations. Its responses for the uncoutrolled end products are extremely sluggish.
Scaling property of ideal granitic sequences
D. Xu
2007-06-01
Full Text Available Quantification of granite textures and structures using a mathematical model for characterization of granites has been a long-term attempt of mathematical geologists over the past four decades. It is usually difficult to determine the influence of magma properties on mineral crystallization forming fined-grained granites due to its irregular and fine-grained textures. The ideal granite model was originally developed for modeling mineral sequences from first and second-order Markov properties. This paper proposes a new model for quantifying scale invariance properties of mineral clusters and voids observed within mineral sequences. Sequences of the minerals plagioclase, quartz and orthoclase observed under the microscope for 104 aplite samples collected from the Meech Lake area, Gatineau Park, Québec were used for validation of the model. The results show that the multi-scale approaches proposed in this paper may enable quantification of the nature of the randomness of mineral grain distributions. This, in turn, may be related to original properties of the magma.
Kothawala, Dawood
2011-01-01
We study the quantum partition function of non-relativistic, ideal gas in a (non-cubical) box falling freely in arbitrary curved spacetime with centre 4-velocity u^a. Using perturbed energy eigenvalues to evaluate the canonical partition function, we find that corrections to various thermodynamic quantities such as mean energy, entropy and specific heat include a very specific, sub-dominant term characterized by the dimensionless quantity, X = R_00 q^2, where R_00 = R_ab u^a u^b and q = \\beta \\hbar c. This X-contribution does not depend on kinematic details of the system such as box dimensions and mass of particles, and in particular leads to S_X = (1/2) \\beta U_X (see text), a relation familiar from black hole thermodynamics. What is curious is that our result depends crucially on quantum mechanics since, in effect, the gas is allowed to "feel" the presence of the box through use of unperturbed wave function satisfying appropriate boundary conditions at the box walls. This is the feature which a classical an...
Ideal glass transitions by random pinning
Cammarota, Chiara; Biroli, Giulio
2012-01-01
We study the effect of freezing the positions of a fraction c of particles from an equilibrium configuration of a supercooled liquid at a temperature T. We show that within the random first-order transition theory pinning particles leads to an ideal glass transition for a critical fraction c = cK(T) even for moderate supercooling; e.g., close to the Mode-Coupling transition temperature. First we derive the phase diagram in the T - c plane by mean field approximations. Then, by applying a real-space renormalization group method, we obtain the critical properties for |c - cK(T)| → 0, in particular the divergence of length and time scales, which are dominated by two zero-temperature fixed points. We also show that for c = cK(T) the typical distance between frozen particles is related to the static point-to-set length scale of the unconstrained liquid. We discuss what are the main differences when particles are frozen in other geometries and not from an equilibrium configuration. Finally, we explain why the glass transition induced by freezing particles provides a new and very promising avenue of research to probe the glassy state and ascertain, or disprove, the validity of the theories of the glass transition. PMID:22623524
Decomposition theorem in ideal topological spaces
AL-omeri, W.; Noorani, Mohd. Salmi; AL-Omari, A.
2014-06-01
We introduce new classes of sets called a* -I -open,A-β-I-open sets, A-pre* -I-open sets, strongly T-I -sets, A-β-T-I-sets, strongly BA -I -sets, BA -I -sets, and δβA -I -open sets in ideal topological spaces. Using these sets, to obtain decompositions of continuity in an ideal topological space.
The Statistical Mechanics of Ideal MHD Turbulence
Shebalin, John V.
2003-01-01
Turbulence is a universal, nonlinear phenomenon found in all energetic fluid and plasma motion. In particular. understanding magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence and incorporating its effects in the computation and prediction of the flow of ionized gases in space, for example, are great challenges that must be met if such computations and predictions are to be meaningful. Although a general solution to the "problem of turbulence" does not exist in closed form, numerical integrations allow us to explore the phase space of solutions for both ideal and dissipative flows. For homogeneous, incompressible turbulence, Fourier methods are appropriate, and phase space is defined by the Fourier coefficients of the physical fields. In the case of ideal MHD flows, a fairly robust statistical mechanics has been developed, in which the symmetry and ergodic properties of phase space is understood. A discussion of these properties will illuminate our principal discovery: Coherent structure and randomness co-exist in ideal MHD turbulence. For dissipative flows, as opposed to ideal flows, progress beyond the dimensional analysis of Kolmogorov has been difficult. Here, some possible future directions that draw on the ideal results will also be discussed. Our conclusion will be that while ideal turbulence is now well understood, real turbulence still presents great challenges.
White noise excited non-ideal elasto-plastic oscillator
Ditlevsen, Ove Dalager; Tarp-Johansen, Niels Jacob
1997-01-01
. By use of the measured displacement-retaining force relation for the aluminum connection the plastic displacement responses were isolated from the sample records. From the obtained samples of plastic displacement records various distributions were estimated as well as the time development of the variance...... in the calculations, i.e. the given displacement-retaining force relations, the traverse masses, the modal damping ratios for the vibrations within the elastic domain, and the two white noise excitation intensities, all as measured. First the Slepian model process method is applied to a single degree of freedom...... oscillator with linear-elastic non-ideal plastic displacement restoring force relation. The method is based on a direct generalization of the Slepian model process method that quite successfully has been developed for the linear-elastic ideal-plastic oscillator. Next the method is modified to be applicable...
Davut ATEŞ
2009-01-01
Full Text Available International Relations discipline has a short history in comparison to other disciplines in social sciences. Even if it is widely accepted that modern international relations had begun with the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, this kind of relations had been examined within law, history and political science for a long time. Today there is a great consensus that autonomy of the discipline, which began to appear as a separate field only after the First World War, has established. In this article, formative stage of disciplinary and theoretical autonomy of the discipline will be examined in conjunction with idealism/realism debate of the first period; without questioning the validity of assumptions of in this debate it will be tried to clarify how it prepared a framework for the autonomy of the discipline.
EDUCATIONAL IDEAL OF UKRAINIAN ETHNOPEDAGOGIES: CARPATHIAN VECTOR
Nelly Lysenko
2015-04-01
Full Text Available Educational ideal, methods, forms and means of folk-educational influence on its formation, starting from the first years of baby’s life are topical problems for researchers. The main element is an aim. The aim is an ideal image of the expecting result which is regarded as a guide for the educational activity of a certain ethnic community. The content of the notion of educational ideal is the imagery about the most important qualities of a personality, their manners, culture of relationship in the society, behavior. Ukrainian mentality is practicality, rationality, generosity, intellect in general. It is fully reflected in the pedagogical aim. At the same time mental means spiritual. That is something in thoughts and intents of a person. It is important to emphasize that Ukrainian ethos was formed on the basis of several groups, not only having formed a nation, but also having synthesized the temperament, traditions and customs, clothes and everyday life, culture in general. Hutsul, Boyko, Lemko (121 ethnic groups all together differ by the uniqueness of the appearance. At the same time their internal essence, that is educational ideal, world view, ethic morals, are unchangeable. Educational ideal is historically determined. Esthetic strategies, formation of creativity, development of the abilities by the means of folk crafts and trades, upbringing of a host pierce through the educational ideal of nowadays Ukrainians. The people aim to bring up their children as true citizens: good kids mean quiet old age, while with evil children old age becomes a hell. Thus, the educational ideal of the Ukrainians should be considered as a basis for modern educational technologies projection.
What Do You Want in a Marriage? Examining Marriage Ideals in Taiwan and the United States.
Lam, Ben C P; Cross, Susan E; Wu, Tsui-Feng; Yeh, Kuang-Hui; Wang, Yi-Chao; Su, Jenny C
2016-06-01
Four studies investigated ideal standards for one's marital partner and relationship held by Taiwan Chinese and European Americans. We first generated a list of attributes that tapped lay representations of marriage ideals based on free responses from Chinese and European Americans, and we uncovered attributes describing extended family that were overlooked in Western research (Study 1). We found similar ideal knowledge structures across the two cultural groups; importantly, Chinese prioritized ideals denoting financial resources and extended family to a greater extent than did European Americans (Study 2). These cultural differences were explained by interdependent self-construal (Study 3). Finally, the agreement between ideals and perceptions of current partner/relationship was related to positive relationship outcomes in both cultural groups (Study 4). Our research highlights both cultural similarities and differences in the content, structure, endorsement, and evaluative functions of ideals in Chinese and Western cultural contexts.
T-fuzzy multiply positive implicative BCC-ideals of BCC-algebras
Jianming Zhan; Zhisong Tan
2003-01-01
The concept of fuzzy multiply positive BCC-ideals of BCC-algebras is introduced, and then some related results are obtained. Moreover, we introduce the concept of T-fuzzy multiply positive implicative BCC-ideals of BCC-algebras and investigate T-product of T-fuzzy multiply positive implicative BCC-ideals of BCC-algebras, examining its properties. Using a t-norm T, the direct product and T-product of T-fuzzy multiply positive implicative BCC-ideals of BCC-algebras are discussed and their...
GCSS Idealized Cirrus Model Comparison Project
Starr, David OC.; Benedetti, Angela; Boehm, Matt; Brown, Philip R. A.; Gierens, Klaus; Girard, Eric; Giraud, Vincent; Jakob, Christian; Jensen, Eric; Khvorostyanov, Vitaly;
2000-01-01
The GCSS Working Group on Cirrus Cloud Systems (WG2) is conducting a systematic comparison and evaluation of cirrus cloud models. This fundamental activity seeks to support the improvement of models used for climate simulation and numerical weather prediction through assessment and improvement of the "process" models underlying parametric treatments of cirrus cloud processes in large-scale models. The WG2 Idealized Cirrus Model Comparison Project is an initial comparison of cirrus cloud simulations by a variety of cloud models for a series of idealized situations with relatively simple initial conditions and forcing. The models (16) represent the state-of-the-art and include 3-dimensional large eddy simulation (LES) models, two-dimensional cloud resolving models (CRMs), and single column model (SCM) versions of GCMs. The model microphysical components are similarly varied, ranging from single-moment bulk (relative humidity) schemes to fully size-resolved (bin) treatments where ice crystal growth is explicitly calculated. Radiative processes are included in the physics package of each model. The baseline simulations include "warm" and "cold" cirrus cases where cloud top initially occurs at about -47C and -66C, respectively. All simulations are for nighttime conditions (no solar radiation) where the cloud is generated in an ice supersaturated layer, about 1 km in depth, with an ice pseudoadiabatic thermal stratification (neutral). Continuing cloud formation is forced via an imposed diabatic cooling representing a 3 cm/s uplift over a 4-hour time span followed by a 2-hour dissipation stage with no cooling. Variations of these baseline cases include no-radiation and stable-thermal-stratification cases. Preliminary results indicated the great importance of ice crystal fallout in determining even the gross cloud characteristics, such as average vertically-integrated ice water path (IWP). Significant inter-model differences were found. Ice water fall speed is directly
IDEAL Problem Solving dalam Pembelajaran Matematika
Eny Susiana
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Most educators agree that problem solving is among the most meaningful and importantkinds of learning and thingking. That is, the central focus of learning and instructionshould be learning to solve problems. There are several warrants supporting that claims.They are authenticity, relevance, problem solving engages deeper learning angtherefore enhances meaning making, and constructed to represent problems (problemsolving is more meaningful. It is the reason why we must provide teaching and learningto make studentâ€™s problem solving skill in progress. There are many informationprocessingmodels of problem solving, such as simplified model of the problem-solvingprocess by Gicks, Polyaâ€™s problem solving process etc. One of them is IDEAL problemsolving. Each letter of IDEAL is stand for an aspect of thinking that is important forproblem solving. IDEAL is identify problem, Define Goal, Explore possible strategies,Anticipate outcme and Act, and Look back and learn. Using peer interaction andquestion prompt in small group in IDEAL problem solving teaching and Learning canimprove problem solving skill.Kata kunci: IDEAL Problem Solving, Interaksi Sebaya, Pertanyaan Penuntun, KelompokKecil.
Elgoibar, Patricia; Lindholst, Morten
2016-01-01
Where before collective agreements were prevalent, now employees get the opportunity to negotiate individually with his or her employer. Individual negotiation or idiosyncratic deals, also called I-deals, are more and more present in nowadays businesses. These deals are voluntary, personalized...... illustrates the negotiation process between a team manager at TNK - a leading multinational software development company- and one of his team members. The employee is willing to negotiate an I-deal with the objective of attending a training course abroad. This case is a two-party employment deal......-making exercise. The roles in this exercise are: a) the employee who initiates the I-deal; and b) the manager. The case could be used also as a three-party exercise, including the role of the facilitator. The case aims are twofold: a) engage students in exploring a win-win-win-win agreement; and b) demonstrating...
On the union of graded prime ideals
Uregen Rabia Nagehan
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper we investigate graded compactly packed rings, which is defined as; if any graded ideal I of R is contained in the union of a family of graded prime ideals of R, then I is actually contained in one of the graded prime ideals of the family. We give some characterizations of graded compactly packed rings. Further, we examine this property on h – Spec(R. We also define a generalization of graded compactly packed rings, the graded coprimely packed rings. We show that R is a graded compactly packed ring if and only if R is a graded coprimely packed ring whenever R be a graded integral domain and h – dim R = 1.
Reality television and the muscular male ideal.
Dallesasse, Starla L; Kluck, Annette S
2013-06-01
Although researchers have examined the negative effects of viewing reality television (RTV) on women's body image, this research has not been extended to men. Exploring the extent to which RTV depicts men who embody the muscular ideal may enhance our understanding of the potential influence of this media genre. We explored the extent to which RTV depicted men who embodied the muscular ideal using a quantitative content analysis. Based on binomial tests, the primary male cast members of programs airing on networks popular among young adult men during the Fall 2009 broadcast season were more muscular, with lower levels of body fat, than average U.S. men. The chest-to-waist and shoulder-to-waist ratios of these cast members did not differ as a function of program type (i.e., reality drama, endurance, and romance). Young men who view RTV programs included in the present study would be exposed to an unrepresentative muscular ideal. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Mírian Luisa Faria Freitas
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The objective of this study was to develop pitanga nectar formulations in which sucrose was replaced with different sweeteners. Consumer tests were conducted with 50 fruit juice consumers, and a just-about-right scale was used to determine the ideal pulp dilution and ideal sweetness with sucrose. Furthermore, the adequate concentrations of six sweeteners were determined to obtain the equivalent sweetness of sucrose using relative to these concentrations the magnitude estimation model with 19 selected assessors. The ideal dilution test resulted in 25% pulp, and the ideal sweetness test, 10% sucrose. Sweetener concentrations to replace sucrose were 0.0160%, 0.0541%, 0.1000%, 0.0999%, 0.0017%, and 0.0360%, respectively, for sucralose, aspartame, stevia 40% rebaudioside A, stevia 95% rebaudioside A, neotame, and a 2:1 cyclamate/saccharin blend. These results can be used to prepare pitanga nectar with different sweeteners and obtain the same sweetness intensity in less caloric products than that of nectar prepared with sucrose.
DESIRABLE PROPERTIES OF AN IDEAL RISK MEASURE IN PORTFOLIO THEORY
SVETLOZAR RACHEV; SERGIO ORTOBELLI; STOYAN STOYANOV; Fabozzi, Frank J.; ALMIRA BIGLOVA
2008-01-01
This paper examines the properties that a risk measure should satisfy in order to characterize an investor's preferences. In particular, we propose some intuitive and realistic examples that describe several desirable features of an ideal risk measure. This analysis is the first step in understanding how to classify an investor's risk. Risk is an asymmetric, relative, heteroskedastic, multidimensional concept that has to take into account asymptotic behavior of returns, inter-temporal depende...
Betti numbers of powers of ideals
Gioia Failla
2008-11-01
Full Text Available Let A=K[x1, ..... ,xn] be a standard graded polynomial ring over a ﬁeld K, let M = (x_1, .... , x_n be the graded maximal ideal and I a graded ideal of A. For each i the Betti numbers b_i(I^k of I^k are polynomial functions for k>>0. We show that if I is M-primary, then these polynomial functions have the same degree for all i .
On multiphase negative flash for ideal solutions
Yan, Wei; Stenby, Erling Halfdan
2012-01-01
coefficients. It is shown that this inner loop, named here as multiphase negative flash for ideal solutions, can be solved either by Michelsen's algorithm for multiphase normal flash, or by its variation which uses F−1 phase amounts as independent variables. In either case, the resulting algorithm is actually...... simpler than the corresponding normal flash algorithm. Unlike normal flash, multiphase negative flash for ideal solutions can diverge if the feasible domain for phase amounts is not closed. This can be judged readily during the iteration process. The algorithm can also be extended to the partial negative...
Lectures on the asymptotic theory of ideals
Rees, D
1988-01-01
In this book Professor Rees introduces and proves some of the main results of the asymptotic theory of ideals. The author's aim is to prove his Valuation Theorem, Strong Valuation Theorem, and Degree Formula, and to develop their consequences. The last part of the book is devoted to mixed multiplicities. Here the author develops his theory of general elements of ideals and gives a proof of a generalised degree formula. The reader is assumed to be familiar with basic commutative algebra, as covered in the standard texts, but the presentation is suitable for advanced graduate students. The work
Presentaciones adolescentes enloquecidas e ideal del yo
Lopez, Adriana Gabriela; Sajnin, Julieta
2015-01-01
En el marco del proyecto promocional de investigación de la Facultad de Psicología de la UNLP, denominado “Adolescencia: El problema del diagnóstico diferencial en las presentaciones enloquecidas”, el presente trabajo, tiene por objetivo analizar la función que cumple el Ideal del yo en la adolescencia. Se toma como punto de partida los desarrollos de J. Lacan en su primera clínica que ubica al ideal del yo como salida normatizante del Edipo, reservándose como uno de los títulos en el bolsill...
Near rings, fuzzy ideals, and graph theory
Satyanarayana, Bhavanari
2013-01-01
Near Rings, Fuzzy Ideals, and Graph Theory explores the relationship between near rings and fuzzy sets and between near rings and graph theory. It covers topics from recent literature along with several characterizations. After introducing all of the necessary fundamentals of algebraic systems, the book presents the essentials of near rings theory, relevant examples, notations, and simple theorems. It then describes the prime ideal concept in near rings, takes a rigorous approach to the dimension theory of N-groups, gives some detailed proofs of matrix near rings, and discusses the gamma near
Ideal-comparability over Regular Rings
Huan Yin CHEN; Miao Sen CHEN
2006-01-01
We introduce the concept of ideal-comparability condition for regular rings. Let I be an ideal of a regular ring R. If R satisfies the Ⅰ-comparability condition, then R is one-sided unit-regular if and only if so is R/I. Also, we show that a regular ring R satisfies the general comparability if and only if the following hold: (1) R/I satisfies the general comparability; (2) R satisfies the general Ⅰ-comparability condition; (3) The natural map B(R) → B(R/I) is surjective.
The Differential Dimension Polynomial for Characterizable Differential Ideals
Lange-Hegermann, Markus
2014-01-01
We generalize the differential dimension polynomial from prime differential ideals to characterizable differential ideals. Its computation is algorithmic, its degree and leading coefficient remain differential birational invariants, and it decides equality of characterizable differential ideals contained in each other.
Thermodynamics of an ideal generalized gas: I Thermodynamic laws
B. H. Lavenda
2005-01-01
The equations of state for an ideal generalized gas, like an ideal quantum gas, are expressed in terms of power laws of the temperature. The reduction of an ideal generalized gas to an ideal classical case occurs when the characteristic empirical temperature exponents in the thermal equation of state and in the absolute temperature coincide in contrast to the merger of an ideal quantum gas with an ideal classical gas in the high temperature limit. A corollary to Carnot's theorem is proved ass...
Simple correlation for predicting detonation velocity of ideal and non-ideal explosives.
Keshavarz, Mohammad Hossein
2009-07-30
This paper describes a simple method for prediction of detonation velocity of ideal and non-ideal explosives. A non-ideal aluminized and nitrated explosive can have Chapman-Jouguet detonation velocity significantly different from that expected from existing thermodynamic computer codes for equilibrium and steady-state calculations. Detonation velocity of explosives with general formula C(a)H(b)N(c)O(d)Al(e) can be predicted only from values of a, b, c, d, e and a specific structural parameter without using any assumed detonation products, heat of formation and experimental data. Predicted detonation velocities by this procedure for ideal and non-ideal explosives show good agreement with respect to experimental values as compared to computed results of BKWR and BKWS equations of state.
Ideals in Polynomial Near-rings
Mark Farag
2002-01-01
In this paper, we further explore the relationship between the ideals of N and those of N[x], where N is a zero-symmetric right near-ring with identity and N[x] is the polynomial near-ring introduced by Bagley in 1993.
Ideal Sowing Depth for Sweetgum Seed
F. T. Bonner
1967-01-01
This paper reports the sowing depths from which sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) seedlings can emerge under near ideal conditions. Little is known about the seedbed conditions required for successful direct seeding of sweetgum, and the information presented here will be useful in planning field trials.
Professional ideals and daily practice in journalism
Pihl-Thingvad, Signe
2015-01-01
of commitment, but until now these assumptions have never been empirically examined. This article provides new knowledge of the relationship between professional ideals and daily practice in journalism by describing the contours of the existing discrepancies in the generation of news in Denmark. In addition...
Collective excitations of harmonically trapped ideal gases
Van Schaeybroeck, B.; Lazarides, A.
2009-01-01
We theoretically study the collective excitations of an ideal gas confined in an isotropic harmonic trap. We give an exact solution to the Boltzmann-Vlasov equation; as expected for a single-component system, the associated mode frequencies are integer multiples of the trapping frequency. We show
How Is the Ideal Gas Law Explanatory?
Woody, Andrea I.
2013-01-01
Using the ideal gas law as a comparative example, this essay reviews contemporary research in philosophy of science concerning scientific explanation. It outlines the inferential, causal, unification, and erotetic conceptions of explanation and discusses an alternative project, the functional perspective. In each case, the aim is to highlight…
Structural arrest in an ideal gas
Ketel, W. van; Das, C.; Frenkel, D.
2005-01-01
We report a molecular dynamics study of a simple model system that has the static properties of an ideal gas, yet exhibits nontrivial "glassy" dynamics behavior at high densities. The constituent molecules of this system are constructs of three infinitely thin hard rods of length L, rigidly joined
Derivation of the Ideal Gas Law
Laugier, Alexander; Garai, Jozsef
2007-01-01
Undergraduate and graduate physics and chemistry books usually state that combining the gas laws results in the ideal gas law. Leaving the derivation to the students implies that this should be a simple task, most likely a substitution. Boyle's law, Charles's law, and the Avogadro's principle are given under certain conditions; therefore, direct…
Fra idealer til inklusion med effekt
Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup
2013-01-01
Den inkluderende skole har været et politisk ideal i mange år. den praktiske udformning og implementering af inkluderende tiltag indebærer dog stadig en række udfordringer for både lærere og skoleledere. Ikke mindst, når man skal vurdere, hvad der virker. Artiklen viser inklusionsbegrebets vej fra...
The Heat Capacity of Ideal Gases
Scott, Robert L.
2006-01-01
The heat capacity of an ideal gas has been shown to be calculable directly by statistical mechanics if the energies of the quantum states are known. However, unless one makes careful calculations, it is not easy for a student to understand the qualitative results. Why there are maxima (and occasionally minima) in heat capacity-temperature curves…
Specific heats of degenerate ideal gases
Caruso, Francisco; Oguri, Vitor; Silveira, Felipe
2017-01-01
From arguments based on Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and Pauli's exclusion principle, the molar specific heats of degenerate ideal gases at low temperatures are estimated, giving rise to values consistent with the Nerst-Planck Principle (third law of Thermodynamics). The Bose-Einstein condensation phenomenon based on the behavior of specific heat of massive and non-relativistic boson gases is also presented.
Black teachers' perceptions of the ideal pupil.
Kaltsounis, B; Higdon, G
1977-12-01
Torrance's Ideal Child Checklist was administered to 76 black teachers. A comparison of their 10 most and least valued traits with those of the expert panel on the creative personality showed that the two groups agreed only once on the 10 most valued traits and three times on the 10 least valued traits.
Derivation of the Ideal Gas Law
Laugier, Alexander; Garai, Jozsef
2007-01-01
Undergraduate and graduate physics and chemistry books usually state that combining the gas laws results in the ideal gas law. Leaving the derivation to the students implies that this should be a simple task, most likely a substitution. Boyle's law, Charles's law, and the Avogadro's principle are given under certain conditions; therefore, direct…
How Is the Ideal Gas Law Explanatory?
Woody, Andrea I.
2013-01-01
Using the ideal gas law as a comparative example, this essay reviews contemporary research in philosophy of science concerning scientific explanation. It outlines the inferential, causal, unification, and erotetic conceptions of explanation and discusses an alternative project, the functional perspective. In each case, the aim is to highlight…
Quantum cryptography with an ideal local relay
Spedalieri, Gaetana; Ottaviani, Carlo; Braunstein, Samuel L.
2015-01-01
We consider two remote parties connected to a relay by two quantum channels. To generate a secret key, they transmit coherent states to the relay, where the states are subject to a continuous-variable (CV) Bell detection. We study the ideal case where Alice's channel is lossless, i.e., the relay...
Water: The Ideal Early Learning Environment
Grosse, Susan J.
2008-01-01
Bathtubs and swimming pools provide the ideal learning environment for people with special needs. For young preschool children, the activities that take place through water can help them develop physical fitness, facilitate motor development, reinforce perceptual-motor ability, encourage social development, and enhance self-esteem and confidence.…
Properties of ϕ-Primal Graded Ideals
Ameer Jaber
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Let R be a commutative graded ring with unity 1≠0. A proper graded ideal of R is a graded ideal I of R such that I≠R. Let ϕ:I(R→I(R∪{∅} be any function, where I(R denotes the set of all proper graded ideals of R. A homogeneous element a∈R is ϕ-prime to I if ra∈I-ϕ(I where r is a homogeneous element in R; then r∈I. An element a=∑g∈Gag∈R is ϕ-prime to I if at least one component ag of a is ϕ-prime to I. Therefore, a=∑g∈Gag∈R is not ϕ-prime to I if each component ag of a is not ϕ-prime to I. We denote by νϕ(I the set of all elements in R that are not ϕ-prime to I. We define I to be ϕ-primal if the set P=νϕ(I+ϕ(I (if ϕ≠ϕ∅ or P=νϕ(I (if ϕ=ϕ∅ forms a graded ideal of R. In the work by Jaber, 2016, the author studied the generalization of primal superideals over a commutative super-ring R with unity. In this paper we generalize the work by Jaber, 2016, to the graded case and we study more properties about this generalization.
The ideal subject distance for passport pictures.
Verhoff, Marcel A; Witzel, Carsten; Kreutz, Kerstin; Ramsthaler, Frank
2008-07-04
In an age of global combat against terrorism, the recognition and identification of people on document images is of increasing significance. Experiments and calculations have shown that the camera-to-subject distance - not the focal length of the lens - can have a significant effect on facial proportions. Modern passport pictures should be able to function as a reference image for automatic and manual picture comparisons. This requires a defined subject distance. It is completely unclear which subject distance, in the taking of passport photographs, is ideal for the recognition of the actual person. We show here that the camera-to-subject distance that is perceived as ideal is dependent on the face being photographed, even if the distance of 2m was most frequently preferred. So far the problem of the ideal camera-to-subject distance for faces has only been approached through technical calculations. We have, for the first time, answered this question experimentally with a double-blind experiment. Even if there is apparently no ideal camera-to-subject distance valid for every face, 2m can be proposed as ideal for the taking of passport pictures. The first step would actually be the determination of a camera-to-subject distance for the taking of passport pictures within the standards. From an anthropological point of view it would be interesting to find out which facial features allow the preference of a shorter camera-to-subject distance and which allow the preference of a longer camera-to-subject distance.
Melby, Melissa K; Takeda, Wakako
2014-01-01
Japanese public health nutrition often promotes 'traditional' cuisine. In-depth interviews with 107 Japanese adults were conducted in Tokyo from 2009 to 2011, using free-listing methods to examine dietary ideals and realities to assess the extent to which realities reflect inadequate nutrition education or lifestyle constraints. Ideal-reality gaps were widest for breakfast. Most people reported Japanese ideals: rice and miso soup were prototypical foods. However, breakfast realities were predominantly western (bread-based). While those aged 40-59 were more likely to hold Japanese ideals (P=0.063), they were less likely to achieve them (P=0.007). All those reporting western ideals achieved them on weekdays, while only 64% of those with Japanese ideals achieved them (PJapanese ideals were positively correlated with proportion of cooking-related housework, and negatively correlated with living standard and income. Ideal menu content was in line with current Japanese nutrition advice, suggesting that more nutrition education may not change dietary ideals or behavior. Participant-reported reasons for ideal-reality discordance demonstrate that work-life balance issues, especially lack of time and family structure/life rhythm, are the largest obstacles to the attainment of dietary ideals. People reporting 'no time' as a primary reason for ideal-reality gaps were less likely to achieve their Japanese ideals (odds ratio=0.212). Time realities of people's lives may undermine educational efforts promoting Japanese breakfasts. When dietary reality/behavior departs from guidelines, it is often assumed that people lack knowledge. If ideals are in line with dietary guidelines, then lack of knowledge is not the likely cause and nutrition education is not the optimal solution. By asking people about the reasons for gaps between their ideals and realities, we can identify barriers and design more effective policies and programs to achieve dietary ideals.
The Ideal Man and Woman According to University Students
Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio V.; Peterson, Scott A.
2009-01-01
The present study determined if the ideal man has changed over the years and who and what the ideal woman is. We asked students at Cameron University to rate the importance of character traits that define the ideal man and woman. Subjects also provided examples of famous people exemplifying the ideal, good, average, and inferior man and woman. We…
The Ideal Man and Woman According to University Students
Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio V.; Peterson, Scott A.
2009-01-01
The present study determined if the ideal man has changed over the years and who and what the ideal woman is. We asked students at Cameron University to rate the importance of character traits that define the ideal man and woman. Subjects also provided examples of famous people exemplifying the ideal, good, average, and inferior man and woman. We…
On Fuzzy Interior Ideals in Semigroups%半群的模糊内理想
詹建明; 马学玲
2008-01-01
The concept of quasi-coincidence of a fuzzy interval value in an interval valued fuzzy set is a generalization of the quasi-coincidence of a fuzzy point in a fuzzy set.With this new concept,the interval valued (∈,∈ Vq)-fuzzy interior ideal in semigroups is introduced.In fact,this kind of new fuzzy interior ideals is a generalization of fuzzy interior ideals in semigroups.In this paper,this kind of fuzzy interior ideals and related properties will be investigated.Moreover,the concept of a fuzzy subgroup with threshold is extended to the concept of an interval valued fuzzy interior ideal with threshold in semigroups.
Lee, Tiane L; Fiske, Susan T; Glick, Peter; Chen, Zhixia
2010-04-01
Gender-based structural power and heterosexual dependency produce ambivalent gender ideologies, with hostility and benevolence separately shaping close-relationship ideals. The relative importance of romanticized benevolent versus more overtly power-based hostile sexism, however, may be culturally dependent. Testing this, northeast US (N=311) and central Chinese (N=290) undergraduates rated prescriptions and proscriptions (ideals) for partners and completed Ambivalent Sexism and Ambivalence toward Men Inventories (ideologies). Multiple regressions analyses conducted on group-specific relationship ideals revealed that benevolent ideologies predicted partner ideals, in both countries, especially for US culture's romance-oriented relationships. Hostile attitudes predicted men's ideals, both American and Chinese, suggesting both societies' dominant-partner advantage.
Small generators of the ideal class group
Belabas, Karim; Diaz, Francisco Diaz Y.; Friedman, Eduardo
2008-06-01
Assuming the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis, Bach has shown that the ideal class group ļof a number field K can be generated by the prime ideals of K having norm smaller than 12big(logabs{mathrm{Discriminant}(K)}big)^2 . This result is essential for the computation of the class group and units of K by Buchmann's algorithm, currently the fastest known. However, once mathcal{C}ell_K has been computed, one notices that this bound could have been replaced by a much smaller value, and so much work could have been saved. We introduce here a short algorithm which allows us to reduce Bach's bound substantially, usually by a factor 20 or so. The bound produced by the algorithm is asymptotically worse than Bach's, but favorable constants make it useful in practice.
Variational Integrators for Ideal and Reduced Magnetohydrodynamics
Kraus, Michael; Maj, Omar; Tassi, Emanuele; Grasso, Daniela
2016-10-01
Ideal and reduced magnetohydrodynamics are simplified sets of magnetohydrodynamics equations with applications to both fusion and astrophysical plasmas, possessing a noncanonical Hamiltonian structure and a number of conserved functionals. We propose a new discretisation strategy for these equations based on a discrete variational principle applied to a formal Lagrangian. Discrete exterior calculus is used for the discretisation of the field variables in order to preserve their geometrical character. The resulting integrators preserve important quantities like the total energy, magnetic helicity and cross helicity exactly (up to machine precision). As these integrators are free of numerical resistivity, the magnetic field line topology is preserved and spurious reconnection is absent in the ideal case. Only when effects of finite electron mass are added, magnetic reconnection takes place. The excellent conservation properties of the methods are exemplified with numerical examples in 2D. We conclude with an outlook towards the treatment of general geometries in 3D and full magnetohydrodynamics.
Structural arrest in an ideal gas.
van Ketel, Willem; Das, Chinmay; Frenkel, Daan
2005-04-08
We report a molecular dynamics study of a simple model system that has the static properties of an ideal gas, yet exhibits nontrivial "glassy" dynamics behavior at high densities. The constituent molecules of this system are constructs of three infinitely thin hard rods of length L, rigidly joined at their midpoints. The crosses have random but fixed orientation. The static properties of this system are those of an ideal gas, and its collision frequency can be computed analytically. For number densities NL(3)/V>1, the single-particle diffusivity goes to zero. As the system is completely structureless, standard mode-coupling theory cannot describe the observed structural arrest. Nevertheless, the system exhibits many dynamical features that appear to be mode-coupling-like. All high-density incoherent intermediate scattering functions collapse onto master curves that depend only on the wave vector.
Simple Waves in Ideal Radiation Hydrodynamics
Johnson, Bryan M
2008-01-01
In the dynamic diffusion limit of radiation hydrodynamics, advection dominates diffusion; the latter primarily affects small scales and has negligible impact on the large scale flow. The radiation can thus be accurately regarded as an ideal fluid, i.e., radiative diffusion can be neglected along with other forms of dissipation. This viewpoint is applied here to an analysis of simple waves in an ideal radiating fluid. It is shown that much of the hydrodynamic analysis carries over by simply replacing the material sound speed, pressure and index with the values appropriate for a radiating fluid. A complete analysis is performed for a centered rarefaction wave, and expressions are provided for the Riemann invariants and characteristic curves of the one-dimensional system of equations. The analytical solution is checked for consistency against a finite difference numerical integration, and the validity of neglecting the diffusion operator is demonstrated. An interesting physical result is that for a material comp...
A New Perspective on Classical Ideal Gases
Fabrice Philippe
2013-08-01
Full Text Available The ideal-gas barometric and pressure laws are derived from the Democritian concept of independent corpuscles moving in vacuum, plus a principle of simplicity, namely that these laws are independent of the kinetic part of the Hamiltonian. A single corpuscle in contact with a heat bath in a cylinder and submitted to a constant force (weight is considered. The paper importantly supplements a previously published paper: First, the stability of ideal gases is established. Second, we show that when walls separate the cylinder into parts and are later removed, the entropy is unaffected. We obtain full agreement with Landsberg’s and others’ (1994 classical thermodynamic result for the entropy of a column of gas submitted to gravity.
VH-1: Multidimensional ideal compressible hydrodynamics code
Hawley, John; Blondin, John; Lindahl, Greg; Lufkin, Eric
2012-04-01
VH-1 is a multidimensional ideal compressible hydrodynamics code written in FORTRAN for use on any computing platform, from desktop workstations to supercomputers. It uses a Lagrangian remap version of the Piecewise Parabolic Method developed by Paul Woodward and Phil Colella in their 1984 paper. VH-1 comes in a variety of versions, from a simple one-dimensional serial variant to a multi-dimensional version scalable to thousands of processors.
Preserving idealism in global health promotion.
Franco-Paredes, Carlos; Zeuli, Julia; Hernández-Ramos, Isabel; Santos-Preciado, Jose I
2010-12-01
If the field of global health is to evolve in the second decade of the new millennium, we need to revive the idealistic spirit and by using the lens of health equity work toward improved health status around the world. Morality and empathy are considered by-products of our evolutionary history as a human species. Idealism may be a trait that we may choose to preserve in our modern evolutionary history.
STABLE AND UNSTABLE IDEAL PLANE FLOWS
无
2002-01-01
The authors investigate the stability of a steady ideal plane flow in an arbitrary domain in terms of the L2 norm of the vorticity. Linear stability implies nonlinear instability provided the growth rate of the linearized system exceeds the Liapunov exponent of the flow. In contrast,a maximizer of the entropy subject to constant energy and mass is stable. This implies the stability of certain solutions of the mean field equation.
Cohen-Macaulayness of monomial ideals and symbolic powers of Stanley-Reisner ideals
Minh, Nguyen Cong
2010-01-01
We present criteria for the Cohen-Macaulayness of a monomial ideal in terms of its primary decomposition. These criteria allow us to use tools of graph theory and of linear programming to study the Cohen-Macaulayness of monomial ideals which are intersections of prime ideal powers. We can characterize the Cohen-Macaulayness of the second symbolic power or of all symbolic powers of a Stanley-Reisner ideal in terms of the simplicial complex. These characterizations show that the simplicial complex must be very compact if some symbolic power is Cohen-Macaulay. In particular, all symbolic powers are Cohen-Macaulay if and only if the simplicial complex is a matroid complex. We also prove that the Cohen-Macaulayness can pass from a symbolic power to another symbolic powers in different ways.
Comparing crowding in human and ideal observers.
van den Berg, Ronald; Johnson, Addie; Martinez Anton, Angela; Schepers, Anne L; Cornelissen, Frans W
2012-06-12
A visual target is more difficult to recognize when it is surrounded by other, similar objects. This breakdown in object recognition is known as crowding. Despite a long history of experimental work, computational models of crowding are still sparse. Specifically, few studies have examined crowding using an ideal-observer approach. Here, we compare crowding in ideal observers with crowding in humans. We derived an ideal-observer model for target identification under conditions of position and identity uncertainty. Simulations showed that this model reproduces the hallmark of crowding, namely a critical spacing that scales with viewing eccentricity. To examine how well the model fits quantitatively to human data, we performed three experiments. In Experiments 1 and 2, we measured observers' perceptual uncertainty about stimulus positions and identities, respectively, for a target in isolation. In Experiment 3, observers identified a target that was flanked by two distractors. We found that about half of the errors in Experiment 3 could be accounted for by the perceptual uncertainty measured in Experiments 1 and 2. The remainder of the errors could be accounted for by assuming that uncertainty (i.e., the width of internal noise distribution) about stimulus positions and identities depends on flanker proximity. Our results provide a mathematical restatement of the crowding problem and support the hypothesis that crowding behavior is a sign of optimality rather than a perceptual defect.
Word recognition using ideal word patterns
Zhao, Sheila X.; Srihari, Sargur N.
1994-03-01
The word shape analysis approach to text recognition is motivated by discoveries in psychological studies of the human reading process. It attempts to describe and compare the shape of the word as a whole object without trying to segment and recognize the individual characters, so it bypasses the errors committed in character segmentation and classification. However, the large number of classes and large variation and distortion expected in all patterns belonging to the same class make it difficult for conventional, accurate, pattern recognition approaches. A word shape analysis approach using ideal word patterns to overcome the difficulty and improve recognition performance is described in this paper. A special word pattern which characterizes a word class is extracted from different sample patterns of the word class and stored in memory. Recognition of a new word pattern is achieved by comparing it with the special pattern of each word class called ideal word pattern. The process of generating the ideal word pattern of each word class is proposed. The algorithm was tested on a set of machine printed gray scale word images which included a wide range of print types and qualities.
Non-Ideal Behavior in Solvent Extraction
Peter Zalupski
2011-09-01
This report presents a summary of the work performed to meet FCR&D level 3 milestone M31SW050801, 'Complete the year-end report summarizing FY11 experimental and modeling activities.' This work was carried out under the auspices of the Non-Ideality in Solvent Extraction Systems FCR&D work package. The report summarizes our initial considerations of potential influences that non-ideal chemistry may impose on computational prediction of outcomes in solvent extraction systems. The report is packaged into three separate test cases where a robustness of the prediction by SXFIT program is under scrutiny. The computational exercises presented here emphasize the importance of accurate representation of both an aqueous and organic mixtures when modeling liquid-liquid distribution systems. Case No.1 demonstrates that non-ideal behavior of HDEHP in aliphatic diluents, such as n-dodecane, interferes with the computation. Cases No.2 and No.3 focus on the chemical complexity of aqueous electrolyte mixtures. Both exercises stress the need for an improved thermodynamic model of an aqueous environment present in the europium distribution experiments. Our efforts for year 2 of this project will focus on the improvements of aqueous and non-aqueous solution models using fundamental physical properties of mixtures acquired experimentally in our laboratories.
A Darker Shade of Love: Machiavellianism and Positive Assortative Mating Based on Romantic Ideals
Tamás Ináncsi
2016-02-01
Full Text Available Machiavellianism is a personality trait that is characterized by manipulative and exploitative attitude toward others, lack of empathy, and a cynical view of human nature. In itself or as part of the Dark Triad it has been the target of several studies investigating romantic relations. Nevertheless, the relationship between Machiavellianism and romantic ideals has not been revealed yet. An undergraduate sample of 143 (92 females with an average age of 19.83 years (SD = 1.51 years filled out self-report measures of Machiavellianism (Mach-IV Scale and romantic ideals (Ideal Standards Scale and NEO-FFI-IDEAL. According to our results, Machiavellianism correlated negatively with the importance of partner’s warmth-trustworthiness, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and with the importance of intimacy and loyalty in their ideal relationships. Machiavellianism correlated positively with the ideal partner’s possession over status and resources. Explorative factor analysis revealed three components of ideal partner’s characteristics. Machiavellianism loaded significantly on two out of three components. Results are discussed with regard to Ideal Standards Model and the Big Five model of personality.
A Darker Shade of Love: Machiavellianism and Positive Assortative Mating Based on Romantic Ideals.
Ináncsi, Tamás; Láng, András; Bereczkei, Tamás
2016-02-01
Machiavellianism is a personality trait that is characterized by manipulative and exploitative attitude toward others, lack of empathy, and a cynical view of human nature. In itself or as part of the Dark Triad it has been the target of several studies investigating romantic relations. Nevertheless, the relationship between Machiavellianism and romantic ideals has not been revealed yet. An undergraduate sample of 143 (92 females) with an average age of 19.83 years (SD = 1.51 years) filled out self-report measures of Machiavellianism (Mach-IV Scale) and romantic ideals (Ideal Standards Scale and NEO-FFI-IDEAL). According to our results, Machiavellianism correlated negatively with the importance of partner's warmth-trustworthiness, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and with the importance of intimacy and loyalty in their ideal relationships. Machiavellianism correlated positively with the ideal partner's possession over status and resources. Explorative factor analysis revealed three components of ideal partner's characteristics. Machiavellianism loaded significantly on two out of three components. Results are discussed with regard to Ideal Standards Model and the Big Five model of personality.
刘晓欣
2014-01-01
置身于城邦正义之下的柏拉图，以其理想化的理论智慧诠释了困扰人类政治生活的一个重大理论难题，那就是如何调处公私之间利益矛盾，从而为后世政治哲学对该问题的探讨开启了一种典型的理论范式。认为柏拉图公私利益关系理论的主要内容是：公私理论的形而上学基础；个人与城邦。公私理论的价值指向：一种作为制度设计的正义；公私同一的政治哲学理念；事实性与价值性统一的“理想生活”。%Being exposed to a city-state of justice,Plato tried to interpret a major theoretical issue that plagued human political life with his idealized theoretical wisdom,i. e. how to eliminate the contradiction between public interests and private interests in the political life of mankind,which opened up a typical theoretical par-adigm for later generations to do research into the issue in the view of political philosophy. The article sums up the major content of Plato’s theory of the relation of public and private interests as follows:metaphysical basis of the theory of public and private interests;individual and city-state. The orientation of public-private theory is a kind of justice as a system design,a political philosophy of unified public and private interests,"an ideal life" of facts and values.
Creation of Ideal Classroom Culture in English Teaching
浦惠红; 陆亚芳
2011-01-01
The quality of English teaching is related to many factors such as materials, techniques, linguistic elements and external environment. However, in this paper the author points out that the internal and recessive environment of the classroom is an important factor affecting English teaching. The paper begins with a brief introduction, followed by definitions of culture, organizational culture and classroom culture which are closely associated with the internal and recessive environment of the classroom. Then, the author offers their views concerning how to create ideal classroom culture. Finally, a conclusion is given.
Dimensional analysis using toric ideals: primitive invariants.
Atherton, Mark A; Bates, Ronald A; Wynn, Henry P
2014-01-01
Classical dimensional analysis in its original form starts by expressing the units for derived quantities, such as force, in terms of power products of basic units [Formula: see text] etc. This suggests the use of toric ideal theory from algebraic geometry. Within this the Graver basis provides a unique primitive basis in a well-defined sense, which typically has more terms than the standard Buckingham approach. Some textbook examples are revisited and the full set of primitive invariants found. First, a worked example based on convection is introduced to recall the Buckingham method, but using computer algebra to obtain an integer [Formula: see text] matrix from the initial integer [Formula: see text] matrix holding the exponents for the derived quantities. The [Formula: see text] matrix defines the dimensionless variables. But, rather than this integer linear algebra approach it is shown how, by staying with the power product representation, the full set of invariants (dimensionless groups) is obtained directly from the toric ideal defined by [Formula: see text]. One candidate for the set of invariants is a simple basis of the toric ideal. This, although larger than the rank of [Formula: see text], is typically not unique. However, the alternative Graver basis is unique and defines a maximal set of invariants, which are primitive in a simple sense. In addition to the running example four examples are taken from: a windmill, convection, electrodynamics and the hydrogen atom. The method reveals some named invariants. A selection of computer algebra packages is used to show the considerable ease with which both a simple basis and a Graver basis can be found.
Dimensional analysis using toric ideals: primitive invariants.
Mark A Atherton
Full Text Available Classical dimensional analysis in its original form starts by expressing the units for derived quantities, such as force, in terms of power products of basic units [Formula: see text] etc. This suggests the use of toric ideal theory from algebraic geometry. Within this the Graver basis provides a unique primitive basis in a well-defined sense, which typically has more terms than the standard Buckingham approach. Some textbook examples are revisited and the full set of primitive invariants found. First, a worked example based on convection is introduced to recall the Buckingham method, but using computer algebra to obtain an integer [Formula: see text] matrix from the initial integer [Formula: see text] matrix holding the exponents for the derived quantities. The [Formula: see text] matrix defines the dimensionless variables. But, rather than this integer linear algebra approach it is shown how, by staying with the power product representation, the full set of invariants (dimensionless groups is obtained directly from the toric ideal defined by [Formula: see text]. One candidate for the set of invariants is a simple basis of the toric ideal. This, although larger than the rank of [Formula: see text], is typically not unique. However, the alternative Graver basis is unique and defines a maximal set of invariants, which are primitive in a simple sense. In addition to the running example four examples are taken from: a windmill, convection, electrodynamics and the hydrogen atom. The method reveals some named invariants. A selection of computer algebra packages is used to show the considerable ease with which both a simple basis and a Graver basis can be found.
Magnetic stresses in ideal MHD plasmas
Jensen, V.O.
1995-01-01
and it is shown that the resulting magnetic forces on a finite volume element can be obtained by integrating the magnetic stresses over the surface of the element. The concept is used to rederive and discuss the equilibrium conditions for axisymmetric toroidal plasmas, including the virial theorem......The concept of magnetic stresses in ideal MHD plasma theory is reviewed and revisited with the aim of demonstrating its advantages as a basis for calculating and understanding plasma equilibria. Expressions are derived for the various stresses that transmit forces in a magnetized plasma...
The equations of the ideal latches
Vlad, Serban E
2008-01-01
The latches are simple circuits with feedback from the digital electrical engineering. We have included in our work the C element of Muller, the RS latch, the clocked RS latch, the D latch and also circuits containing two interconnected latches: the edge triggered RS flip-flop, the D flip-flop, the JK flip-flop, the T flip-flop. The purpose of this study is to model with equations the previous circuits, considered to be ideal, i.e. non-inertial. The technique of analysis is the pseudoboolean differential calculus.
Generalized Ideal Gas Equations for Structureful Universe
Khalid Khan
2006-09-01
Full Text Available We have derived generalized ideal gas equations for a structureful universe consistingof all forms of matters. We have assumed a universe that contains superclusters. Superclusters arethen made of clusters. Each cluster can be further divided into smaller ones and so on. We havederived an expression for the entropy of such a universe. Our model is rather independent of thegeometry of the intermediate clusters. Our calculations are valid for a non-interacting universewithin non-relativistic limits. We suggest that structure formation can reduce the expansion rateof the universe.
Homology of powers of regular ideals
2003-01-01
For a commutative ring R with an ideal I, generated by a finite regular sequence, we construct differential graded algebras which provide R-free resolutions of I^s and of R/I^s for s>0 and which generalise the Koszul resolution. We derive these from a certain multiplicative double complex. By means of a Cartan-Eilenberg spectral sequence we express Tor_*^R(R/I,R/I^s) and Tor_*^R(R/I, I^s) in terms of exact sequences and find that they are free as R/I-modules. Except for R/I, their product str...
Ideal-Chain Collapse in Biopolymers
Neumann, R M
2000-01-01
A conceptual difficulty in the Hooke's-law description of ideal Gaussian polymer-chain elasticity is sometimes apparent in analyses of experimental data or in physical models designed to simulate the behavior of biopolymers. The problem, the tendency of a chain to collapse in the absence of external forces, is examined in the following examples: DNA-stretching experiments, gel electrophoresis, and protein folding. We demonstrate that the application of a statistical-mechanically derived repulsive force, acting between the chain ends, whose magnitude is proportional to the absolute temperature and inversely proportional to the scalar end separation removes this difficulty.
Hamiltonian description of the ideal fluid
Morrison, P.J.
1994-01-01
Fluid mechanics is examined from a Hamiltonian perspective. The Hamiltonian point of view provides a unifying framework; by understanding the Hamiltonian perspective, one knows in advance (within bounds) what answers to expect and what kinds of procedures can be performed. The material is organized into five lectures, on the following topics: rudiments of few-degree-of-freedom Hamiltonian systems illustrated by passive advection in two-dimensional fluids; functional differentiation, two action principles of mechanics, and the action principle and canonical Hamiltonian description of the ideal fluid; noncanonical Hamiltonian dynamics with examples; tutorial on Lie groups and algebras, reduction-realization, and Clebsch variables; and stability and Hamiltonian systems.
Quantum ideal hydrodynamics on the lattice
Burch, Tommy
2013-01-01
After discussing the problem of defining the hydrodynamic limit from microscopic scales, we give an introduction to ideal hydrodynamics in the Lagrange picture, and show that it can be viewed as a field theory, which can be quantized using the usual Feynman sum-over-paths prescription. We then argue that this picture can be connected to the usually neglected thermal microscopic scale in the hydrodynamic expansion. After showing that this expansion is generally non-perturbative, we show how the lattice can be used to understand the impact quantum and thermal fluctuations can have on the fluid behavior.
Eduardo Molina
2013-01-01
Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza la posible influencia del estoicismo en algunos aspectos precisos de la ética kantiana. Se intenta defender la tesis de que, aunque Kant critica muchas veces la ética estoica y en especial su eudemonismo, también adopta en su ética algunas de las posiciones estoicas y las incorpora en ciertos aspectos clave de su propia Doctrina de la virtud. En especial, se intenta mostrar cómo adopta Kant el ideal del sabio estoico y una de sus características más notables: la apatía.
Publishing to become an 'ideal academic'
Lund, Rebecca
2012-01-01
over a two-year period in a recently merged Finnish university. I focus specifically on how a translocal discourse of competitive performance measurement and standards of academic excellence are accomplished in the local construction of the “ideal academic” as a person who publishes articles in A level...... journals. While the construct is hard for anyone to live up to, it would seem to be more difficult for some people than for others. The current obsession with getting published in top journals place those women, who are heavily engaged in teaching activities and with responsibilities besides academic work...
Ideal functional outcomes for amputation levels.
Meier, Robert H; Melton, Danielle
2014-02-01
This article provides a generalized overview of amputation classifications and the idealized outcomes for upper and lower amputations at their respective levels. The following levels are discussed: above knee/transfemoral, below knee/transtibial, above elbow/transhumeral, below elbow/transradial, and bilateral for upper and lower extremities. This classification defines a framework for clinicians to share with patients so that they understand the potential for their expected functional outcomes regarding mobility and activities of daily living, both with and without a prosthesis. Moreover, it addresses some of the vocational and avocational needs of the individual regarding amputation.
Idealism and realism in patient care during radiotherapy treatment.
Brooks, C
1989-08-01
Previous research has demonstrated that typification of patients by health workers is inevitable even when these workers aspire to a concept of treating each patient as an individual. This study aimed to establish how six therapy radiographers, working in three different settings, typified their cancer patients and how this related to their concept of role and the environment in which they worked. The techniques used were ethnographic, non-directive interview techniques and naturalistic observation. There are interesting variations and similarities in how the individuals perceived their working role and environment and in their perception of patients. The typifications of patients by the therapy radiographers studied are related to and reflect the radiographers' concerns or stresses. They relate to the issues of information giving and receiving, control of the radiographer-patient relationship, how to cope with patient dependency and how this interacts with their own ideals and impression management. Some also reflect the problems experienced in working relationships, in particular balancing their own ideals with the reality of their working situation.
Hesitant Fuzzy Soft Subalgebras and Ideals in BCK/BCI-Algebras
Jun, Young Bae; Ahn, Sun Shin
2014-01-01
As a link between classical soft sets and hesitant fuzzy sets, the notion of hesitant fuzzy soft sets is introduced and applied to a decision making problem in the papers by Babitha and John (2013) and Wang et al. (2014). The aim of this paper is to apply hesitant fuzzy soft set for dealing with several kinds of theories in BCK/BCI-algebras. The notions of hesitant fuzzy soft subalgebras and (closed) hesitant fuzzy soft ideals are introduced, and related properties are investigated. Relations between a hesitant fuzzy soft subalgebra and a (closed) hesitant fuzzy soft ideal are discussed. Conditions for a hesitant fuzzy soft set to be a hesitant fuzzy soft subalgebra are given, and conditions for a hesitant fuzzy soft subalgebra to be a hesitant fuzzy soft ideal are provided. Characterizations of a (closed) hesitant fuzzy soft ideal are considered. PMID:25405234
What constitutes an ideal dental restorative material?
Rekow, E D; Bayne, S C; Carvalho, R M; Steele, J G
2013-11-01
Intense environmental concerns recently have prompted dentistry to evaluate the performance and environmental impact of existing restoration materials. Doing so entices us to explore the 'what if?' innovation in materials science to create more ideal restorative materials. Articulating a specification for our design and evaluation methods is proving to be more complicated than originally anticipated. Challenges exist not only in specifying how the material should be manipulated and perform clinically but also in understanding and incorporating implications of the skill of the operator placing the restoration, economic considerations, expectations patients have for their investment, cost-effectiveness, influences of the health care system on how and for whom restorations are to be placed, and global challenges that limit the types of materials available in different areas of the world. The quandary is to find ways to actively engage multiple stakeholders to agree on priorities and future actions to focus future directions on the creation of more ideal restorative materials that can be available throughout the world.
The Statistical Mechanics of Ideal Homogeneous Turbulence
Shebalin, John V.
2002-01-01
Plasmas, such as those found in the space environment or in plasma confinement devices, are often modeled as electrically conducting fluids. When fluids and plasmas are energetically stirred, regions of highly nonlinear, chaotic behavior known as turbulence arise. Understanding the fundamental nature of turbulence is a long-standing theoretical challenge. The present work describes a statistical theory concerning a certain class of nonlinear, finite dimensional, dynamical models of turbulence. These models arise when the partial differential equations describing incompressible, ideal (i.e., nondissipative) homogeneous fluid and magnetofluid (i.e., plasma) turbulence are Fourier transformed into a very large set of ordinary differential equations. These equations define a divergenceless flow in a high-dimensional phase space, which allows for the existence of a Liouville theorem, guaranteeing a distribution function based on constants of the motion (integral invariants). The novelty of these particular dynamical systems is that there are integral invariants other than the energy, and that some of these invariants behave like pseudoscalars under two of the discrete symmetry transformations of physics, parity, and charge conjugation. In this work the 'rugged invariants' of ideal homogeneous turbulence are shown to be the only significant scalar and pseudoscalar invariants. The discovery that pseudoscalar invariants cause symmetries of the original equations to be dynamically broken and induce a nonergodic structure on the associated phase space is the primary result presented here. Applicability of this result to dissipative turbulence is also discussed.
Optimal forager against ideal free distributed prey.
Garay, József; Cressman, Ross; Xu, Fei; Varga, Zoltan; Cabello, Tomás
2015-07-01
The introduced dispersal-foraging game is a combination of prey habitat selection between two patch types and optimal-foraging approaches. Prey's patch preference and forager behavior determine the prey's survival rate. The forager's energy gain depends on local prey density in both types of exhaustible patches and on leaving time. We introduce two game-solution concepts. The static solution combines the ideal free distribution of the prey with optimal-foraging theory. The dynamical solution is given by a game dynamics describing the behavioral changes of prey and forager. We show (1) that each stable equilibrium dynamical solution is always a static solution, but not conversely; (2) that at an equilibrium dynamical solution, the forager can stabilize prey mixed patch use strategy in cases where ideal free distribution theory predicts that prey will use only one patch type; and (3) that when the equilibrium dynamical solution is unstable at fixed prey density, stable behavior cycles occur where neither forager nor prey keep a fixed behavior.
Ideal relaxation of the Hopf fibration
Smiet, Christopher Berg; Candelaresi, Simon; Bouwmeester, Dirk
2017-07-01
Ideal magnetohydrodynamics relaxation is the topology-conserving reconfiguration of a magnetic field into a lower energy state where the net force is zero. This is achieved by modeling the plasma as perfectly conducting viscous fluid. It is an important tool for investigating plasma equilibria and is often used to study the magnetic configurations in fusion devices and astrophysical plasmas. We study the equilibrium reached by a localized magnetic field through the topology conserving relaxation of a magnetic field based on the Hopf fibration in which magnetic field lines are closed circles that are all linked with one another. Magnetic fields with this topology have recently been shown to occur in non-ideal numerical simulations. Our results show that any localized field can only attain equilibrium if there is a finite external pressure, and that for such a field a Taylor state is unattainable. We find an equilibrium plasma configuration that is characterized by a lowered pressure in a toroidal region, with field lines lying on surfaces of constant pressure. Therefore, the field is in a Grad-Shafranov equilibrium. Localized helical magnetic fields are found when plasma is ejected from astrophysical bodies and subsequently relaxes against the background plasma, as well as on earth in plasmoids generated by, e.g., a Marshall gun. This work shows under which conditions an equilibrium can be reached and identifies a toroidal depression as the characteristic feature of such a configuration.
Field topologies in ideal and near ideal magnetohydrodynamics and vortex dynamics
Low, B C
2014-01-01
Magnetic field topology frozen in ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and its breakage in near ideal MHD are reviewed in two parts. The first part gives a physically complete description of the frozen in field topology, taking magnetic flux conservation as fundamental and treating four topics, Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of MHD, Chandrasekhar-Kendall and Euler-potential field representations, magnetic helicity, and inviscid vortex dynamics in comparison to ideal MHD. A corollary clarifies the challenge of achieving a high degree of the frozen in condition in numerical MHD. The second part treats field topology breakage centered on the Parker Magnetostatic Theorem on a general incompatibility of a continuous magnetic field with the dual demand of force free equilibrium and an arbitrarily prescribed, 3D field topology. Preserving field topology as a global constraint readily results in formation of tangential magnetic discontinuities, i.e., electric current sheets of zero thickness. A similar incompatibil...
An ideal sealed source life-cycle
Tompkins, Joseph Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2009-01-01
we have today. This regulation created a new regulatory framework seen as promising at the time. However, now they recognize that, despite the good intentions, the NIJWP/85 has not solved any source disposition problems. The answer to these sealed source disposition problems is to adopt a philosophy to correct these regulatory issues, determine an interim solution, execute that solution until there is a minimal backlog of sources to deal with, and then let the mechanisms they have created solve this problem into the foreseeable future. The primary philosophical tenet of the ideal sealed source life cycle follows. You do not allow the creation (or importation) of any source whose use cannot be justified, which cannot be affordably shipped, or that does not have a well-delinated and affordable disposition pathway. The path forward dictates that we fix the problem by embracing the Ideal Source Life cycle. In figure 1, we can see some of the elements of the ideal source life cycle. The life cycle is broken down into four portions, manufacture, use, consolidation, and disposition. These four arbitrary elements allow them to focus on the ideal life cycle phases that every source should go through between manufacture and final disposition. As we examine the various phases of the sealed source life cycle, they pick specific examples and explore the adoption of the ideal life cycle model.
Salusso-Deonier, C J; Markee, N L; Pedersen, E L
1993-06-01
The purposes of this research were (1) to explore gender differences in the evaluation of physical attractiveness stimuli developed to represent commonly occurring real builds, (2) to identify observers' concepts of physical attractiveness ideals promoted by the media, and (3) to begin cross-validation of these stimuli as representations of observers' concepts of ideal physical attractiveness for male and female builds. Responses included (1) open-ended descriptions of ideal male and ideal female build, (2) ratings of relative attractiveness of 12 male and 15 female stimuli, (3) selections of stimulus types which best represented ideal builds, and (4) selections of stimulus types perceived to be promoted by the media. Analysis showed strong cross-validation among modes of response. Ideal male build included average/balanced type (small and medium), lean/broad-shouldered type (large), and muscular bulk type (medium). Ideal female body build included average/balanced type (small and medium) and lean/broad-shouldered type (small and medium). Gender differences were in emphasis only. Women emphasized lean/broad-shouldered and average/balanced male types. Men emphasized the muscular bulk male type. Body types perceived to be media-promoted highlighted stereotypic male muscularity and female leanness.
Cardinal invariants associated with Fubini product of ideals
无
2010-01-01
We prove some results displaying the relationship between Fubini product of ideals and its factor ideals, and study a partial order using the cardinal invariant of the continuum. The relationships among transitive cardinal invariants of abelian group are also investigated.
PRIMITIVE IDEALS OF TOEPLITZ ALGEBRA OF ORDERED GROUPS
Rizky Rosjanuardi
2012-06-01
Full Text Available The topology on primitive ideal space of Toeplitz algebras of totally ordered abelian groups can be identified through the upwards-looking topology if and only if the chain of order ideals is well-ordered. We describe the topology on primitive ideal space of Toeplitz algebra of totally ordered abelian groups when the chain of order ideals is not well ordered.
Amenability and Contractibility Modulo an Ideal of Banach Algebras
Hamidreza Rahimi
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate the concept of amenability modulo an ideal of Banach algebra, showing that amenability modulo an ideal can be characterized by the existence of virtual and approximate diagonal modulo an ideal. We also study the concept of contractible modulo an ideal of Banach algebra. As a consequence, we prove a version of Selivanov's theorem for a large class of semigroups, including E-inversive E-semigroup and eventually inverse semigroups.
Carmen Lucia de Souza Rech
2008-08-01
Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido na Estação Experimental da Embrapa, Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul, entre março de 2005 e fevereiro de 2006. O objetivo foi avaliar o comportamento materno-filial e o temperamento de ovelhas e cordeiros e relacioná-los com a sobrevivência dos cordeiros. Foram utilizadas 47 ovelhas da raça Corriedale, com peso médio de 52,1kg, e 45 ovelhas da raça Ideal, com peso médio de 49,5kg, em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado. O temperamento foi avaliado por meio dos testes: escore de comportamento materno (ECM, tempo de fuga, tipo de marcha e distância de fuga. As ovelhas da raça Corriedale apresentaram maiores valores no teste tipo de marcha que as ovelhas da raça Ideal. Os cordeiros da raça Corriedale eram os mais pesados e tinham maior índice de sobrevivência, quando comparados com os da raça Ideal. A raça não afetou o escore de comportamento materno. Ovelhas reativas (ECM=1, que fogem e não retornam aos seus cordeiros, se isolaram menos do rebanho antes do parto, protegeram menos suas crias, desmamaram-nas mais cedo e tiveram menor peso em relação às não-reativas. A reatividade das ovelhas prejudicou o cuidado materno com os cordeiros e essa característica deve ser considerada pelo setor produtivo.The trial was conducted at the Experimental Station of Embrapa, Bagé, RS, from March 2005 to February 2006, and aimed to evaluate the maternal behavior and temperament of ewes and their lambs and related them with lamb's survival. Forty-seven Corriedale ewes with mean body weight of 52.1kg and 45 Pollwarth ewes with mean body weight of 49.5kg were used, according to a completely randomized design. Temperament was evaluated through maternal behaviour score (MBS, flight time test (score and quantitative and flight distance. Corriedale ewes presented larger values for flight time score than Pollwarth ewes. Corriedale lambs were heavier and a greater number survived than Pollwarth lambs. Sheep breed did not
Yao, Benxian; Zhang, Ling; Zhen, Rui; Zhou, Xiao
2016-06-01
This study examined the relationship between family context of middle school students on their educational and occupational ideals. Middle school students (N = 2000) responded to questions assessing family location, family structure, parental educational level and family economic status, as well as to the Middle School Students' Ideals Questionnaire. Multivariate analysis of variance indicated that life, educational and occupational ideals of female students and students in lower grades were higher than that of male students and students in higher grades. Regression analysis indicated that paternal education level have a positive association with educational and occupational ideals, but not life ideals, and family economic status have a positive relation to life ideals, but not educational and occupational ideals. Moreover, the interaction between family economic status and family location has a negative association with students' life, educational and occupational ideals. These results suggest that different factors predicted different ideals of adolescents, and that family economic status had a negative moderating effect on the relationship between family location and ideals of students. © 2015 International Union of Psychological Science.
2016-05-01
It is well known that the set C[0, 1] of real-valuedcontinuous functions on the closed interval [0, 1]has a natural ring structure. Its maximal idealsare known to be points. Here we show thatalthough there exist prime ideals which are notmaximal, the zero set is again a singleton. In particular,each prime ideal is contained in a uniquemaximal ideal.
Promoting Spiritual Ideals through Design Thinking in Public Schools
Tan, Charlene; Wong, Yew-Leong
2012-01-01
Against a backdrop of the debates on religious education in public or state schools, we argue for the introduction of "spiritual ideals" into the public school curriculum. We distinguish our notion of spiritual ideals from "religious ideals" as conceptualised by De Ruyter and Merry. While we agree with De Ruyter and Merry that…
Promoting Spiritual Ideals through Design Thinking in Public Schools
Tan, Charlene; Wong, Yew-Leong
2012-01-01
Against a backdrop of the debates on religious education in public or state schools, we argue for the introduction of "spiritual ideals" into the public school curriculum. We distinguish our notion of spiritual ideals from "religious ideals" as conceptualised by De Ruyter and Merry. While we agree with De Ruyter and Merry that…
Neem (Azadirachta indica): towards the ideal insecticide?
Benelli, Giovanni; Canale, Angelo; Toniolo, Chiara; Higuchi, Akon; Murugan, Kadarkarai; Pavela, Roman; Nicoletti, Marcello
2017-02-01
Pesticide resistance is going to change rapidly our antibiotics and insecticides arsenal. In this scenario, plant-derived natural products are considered valuable candidates to reverse this negative trend. Growing research attention is focused on neem (Azadirachta indica, Meliaceae), exploring the utility of its products as insecticides and antibiotics. In this review, we summarised the knowledge on neem oil and neem cake by-products in arthropod pest control, with special reference to mosquito vectors of public health importance. To the best of our knowledge, neem-borne products currently showed effective and eco-friendly features, including little non-target effects, multiple mechanisms of action, low cost, easy production in countries with limited industrial facilities. In particular, the potentiality of neem cake as ideal and affordable source of mosquitocidal compounds in anopheline and aedine control programmes is outlined. Overall, we propose the employ of neem-based products as an advantageous alternative to build newer and safer arthropod control tools.
The Platonic Ideal of Stalactite Growth
Short, Martin; Toomey, Rickard
2005-03-01
The chemical mechanisms underlying the growth of cave formations such as stalactites are well-known, yet no theory has yet been proposed which successfully accounts for the dynamic evolution of their shapes. Here we consider the interplay of thin-film fluid dynamics, calcium carbonate chemistry, and CO2 transport in the cave to show that stalactites evolve according to a novel local geometric growth law which exhibits extreme amplification at the tip as a consequence of the locally-varying fluid layer thickness. Studies of this model show that a broad class of initial conditions is attracted to an ideal shape which is strikingly close to a statistical average of natural stalactites. A linear stability analysis shows is used to explain the instability of this state to the formation of centimeter-scale ripples, as commonly seen on a wide range of speleothem surfaces.
Broken Ergodicity in Ideal, Homogeneous, Incompressible Turbulence
Morin, Lee; Shebalin, John; Fu, Terry; Nguyen, Phu; Shum, Victor
2010-01-01
We discuss the statistical mechanics of numerical models of ideal homogeneous, incompressible turbulence and their relevance for dissipative fluids and magnetofluids. These numerical models are based on Fourier series and the relevant statistical theory predicts that Fourier coefficients of fluid velocity and magnetic fields (if present) are zero-mean random variables. However, numerical simulations clearly show that certain coefficients have a non-zero mean value that can be very large compared to the associated standard deviation. We explain this phenomena in terms of broken ergodicity', which is defined to occur when dynamical behavior does not match ensemble predictions on very long time-scales. We review the theoretical basis of broken ergodicity, apply it to 2-D and 3-D fluid and magnetohydrodynamic simulations of homogeneous turbulence, and show new results from simulations using GPU (graphical processing unit) computers.
Active Microwave Metamaterials Incorporating Ideal Gain Devices
Hao Xin
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Incorporation of active devices/media such as transistors for microwave and gain media for optics may be very attractive for enabling desired low loss and broadband metamaterials. Such metamaterials can even have gain which may very well lead to new and exciting physical phenomena. We investigate microwave composite right/left-handed transmission lines (CRLH-TL incorporating ideal gain devices such as constant negative resistance. With realistic lumped element values, we have shown that the negative phase constant of this kind of transmission lines is maintained (i.e., left-handedness kept while gain can be obtained (negative attenuation constant of transmission line simultaneously. Possible implementation and challenging issues of the proposed active CRLH-TL are also discussed.
Ideal near-field thermophotovoltaic cells
Molesky, Sean
2015-01-01
We ask the question, what are the ideal characteristics of a near-field thermophotovoltaic cell? Our search leads us to a reexamination of near-field photonic heat transfer in terms of the joint density of electronic states. This form reveals that the presence of matched van Hove singularities resulting from quantum-confinement in the emitter and converter of a thermophotovoltaic cell boosts both the magnitude and spectral selectivity of photonic heat transfer; dramatically improving energy conversion efficiency. We provide a model near-field thermophotovoltaic design making use of this idea by employing the van Hove singularities present in carbon nanotubes. Shockely Queisser analysis shows that the predicted heat transfer characteristics of this model device are fundamentally better than existing thermophotovoltaic designs. Our work paves the way for the use of quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and two-dimensional materials as future materials for thermophotovoltaic near-field energy conversion devices.
The Ideal Generation Problem for Fat Points
Harbourne, B
1997-01-01
This paper is concerned with determining the number of generators in each degree for minimal sets of homogeneous generators for saturated ideals defining fat point subschemes $Z=m_1p_1+ ... +m_rp_r$ for general sets of points $p_i$ of $P^2$. For thin points (i.e., m_i=1 for all i), a solution is known, in terms of a maximal rank property. Although this property in general fails for fat points, we show it holds in an appropriate asymptotic sense. In the uniform (i.e., $m_1= ... =m_r$) case, we determine all failures of this maximal rank property for $r\\le 9$, and we develop evidence for the conjecture that no other failures occur for $r > 9$.
Symmetry transforms for ideal magnetohydrodynamics equilibria.
Bogoyavlenskij, Oleg I
2002-11-01
A method for constructing ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) equilibria is introduced. The method consists of the application of symmetry transforms to any known MHD equilibrium [ O. I. Bogoyavlenskij, Phys. Rev. E. 62, 8616, (2000)]. The transforms break the geometrical symmetries of the field-aligned solutions and produce continuous families of the nonsymmetric MHD equilibria. The method of symmetry transforms also allows to obtain MHD equilibria with current sheets and exact solutions with noncollinear vector fields B and V. A model of the nonsymmetric astrophysical jets outside of their accretion disks is developed. The total magnetic and kinetic energy of the jet is finite in any layer c(1)
Activation of MHD reconnection on ideal timescales
Landi, S; Del Zanna, L; Tenerani, A; Pucci, F
2016-01-01
Magnetic reconnection in laboratory, space and astrophysical plasmas is often invoked to explain explosive energy release and particle acceleration. However, the timescales involved in classical models within the macroscopic MHD regime are far too slow to match the observations. Here we revisit the tearing instability by performing visco-resistive two-dimensional numerical simulations of the evolution of thin current sheets, for a variety of initial configurations and of values of the Lunquist number $S$, up to $10^7$. Results confirm that when the critical aspect ratio of $S^{1/3}$ is reached in the reconnecting current sheets, the instability proceeds on ideal (Alfv\\'enic) macroscopic timescales, as required to explain observations. Moreover, the same scaling is seen to apply also to the local, secondary reconnection events triggered during the nonlinear phase of the tearing instability, thus accelerating the cascading process to increasingly smaller spatial and temporal scales. The process appears to be ro...
The direct effect of thin ideal focused adult television on young girls' ideal body figure
D.J. Anschutz; D. Spruijt-Metz; T. van Strien; R.C.M.E. Engels
2011-01-01
The present study tested the direct effect of watching thin-ideal focused television aimed at (young) adults on body dissatisfaction in preadolescent girls (9-12 years old). A within-subject design was used in which the girls (N=60) were tested three times. They watched three movie clips in random o
Nonlinear electrophoresis of ideally polarizable particles
Figliuzzi, B.; Chan, W. H. R.; Moran, J. L.; Buie, C. R.
2014-10-01
We focus in this paper on the nonlinear electrophoresis of ideally polarizable particles. At high applied voltages, significant ionic exchange occurs between the electric double layer, which surrounds the particle, and the bulk solution. In addition, steric effects due to the finite size of ions drastically modify the electric potential distribution in the electric double layer. In this situation, the velocity field, the electric potential, and the ionic concentration in the immediate vicinity of the particle are described by a complicated set of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations. In the general case, these equations must be solved numerically. In this study, we rely on a numerical approach to determine the electric potential, the ionic concentration, and the velocity field in the bulk solution surrounding the particle. The numerical simulations rely on a pseudo-spectral method which was used successfully by Chu and Bazant [J. Colloid Interface Sci. 315(1), 319-329 (2007)] to determine the electric potential and the ionic concentration around an ideally polarizable metallic sphere. Our numerical simulations also incorporate the steric model developed by Kilic et al. [Phys. Rev. E 75, 021502 (2007)] to account for crowding effects in the electric double layer, advective transport, and for the presence of a body force in the bulk electrolyte. The simulations demonstrate that surface conduction significantly decreases the electrophoretic mobility of polarizable particles at high zeta potential and at high applied electric field. Advective transport in the electric double layer and in the bulk solution is also shown to significantly impact surface conduction.
Phillips, Trisha
2011-02-01
Preventing exploitation in human subjects research requires a benchmark of fairness against which to judge the distribution of the benefits and burdens of a trial. This paper proposes the ideal market and its fair market price as a criterion of fairness. The ideal market approach is not new to discussions about exploitation, so this paper reviews Wertheimer's inchoate presentation of the ideal market as a principle of fairness, attempt of Emanuel and colleagues to apply the ideal market to human subjects research, and Ballantyne's criticisms of both the ideal market and the resulting benchmark of fairness. It argues that the criticism of this particular benchmark is on point, but the rejection of the ideal market is mistaken. After presenting a complete account of the ideal market, this paper proposes a new method for applying the ideal market to human subjects research and illustrates the proposal by considering a sample case.
On fuzzy h-ideals in h-regular $\\Gamma$-hemiring and h-duo $\\Gamma$-hemiring
Sardar, S K
2011-01-01
In this paper, fuzzy h-bi-ideals, fuzzy h-quasi-ideals and fuzzy h-interior ideals of a $\\Gamma$-hemiring are studied and some related properties are investi- gated. The notions of h-intra-hemiregularity and h-quasi-hemiregularity of a $\\Gamma$-hemiring are introduced and studied along with h-hemiregularity and their characterizations in terms of fuzzy h-ideals are also obtained. The concept of fuzzy h-duo $\\Gamma$-hemiring is introduced and some of its characterizations are obtained.
Shek, Daniel T L; Lam, Mong-Chow; Lam, Ching-Man; Tang, Vera
2004-01-01
Perceptions of present, ideal, and future lives among 12 Chinese adolescents experiencing economic disadvantage were examined via qualitative interviews. Results showed that most of the adolescents evaluated their present lives positively. In general, they also had positive perceptions of their future lives, although there also were some negative feelings. Although money did not play an important role in their perceptions of present lives, future lives, life goals, and ideal careers, economic sufficiency emerged as a major theme from the perspective of their ideal lives. While adolescents with better psychosocial adjustment appeared to evaluate their present lives more positively than did adolescents with relatively poorer psychosocial adjustment, no differences were found between the two groups in terms of their views on ideal and future lives.
Internet Pornography Use, Body Ideals, and Sexual Self-Esteem in Norwegian Gay and Bisexual Men.
Kvalem, Ingela Lundin; Træen, Bente; Iantaffi, Alex
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between perception of own appearance, Internet pornography consumption, preferences for pornographic actors' appearance, and sexual self-esteem in gay and bisexual men in Norway. An online survey of 477 gay and bisexual men showed that, despite the prevailing muscular and lean gay body ideal, many men with less ideal bodies also preferred to watch pornographic actors with body types similar to their own. Self-perceived attractiveness, having an ideal body type, and viewing Internet pornography in longer sessions each made a unique contribution to higher self-esteem as a sexual partner. Preferring to watch pornographic actors with ideal bodies was not related to sexual self-esteem. The findings underscore the importance for gay or bisexual men of both self-perceived attractiveness and being athletic or young and fit, for a positive self-evaluation of sexual performance and competence.
Convection in an ideal gas at high Rayleigh numbers.
Tilgner, A
2011-08-01
Numerical simulations of convection in a layer filled with ideal gas are presented. The control parameters are chosen such that there is a significant variation of density of the gas in going from the bottom to the top of the layer. The relations between the Rayleigh, Peclet, and Nusselt numbers depend on the density stratification. It is proposed to use a data reduction which accounts for the variable density by introducing into the scaling laws an effective density. The relevant density is the geometric mean of the maximum and minimum densities in the layer. A good fit to the data is then obtained with power laws with the same exponent as for fluids in the Boussinesq limit. Two relations connect the top and bottom boundary layers: The kinetic energy densities computed from free fall velocities are equal at the top and bottom, and the products of free fall velocities and maximum horizontal velocities are equal for both boundaries.
Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations.
Ruan, Zhichao; Yan, Min; Neff, Curtis W; Qiu, Min
2007-09-14
A cylindrical wave expansion method is developed to obtain the scattering field for an ideal two-dimensional cylindrical invisibility cloak. A near-ideal model of the invisibility cloak is set up to solve the boundary problem at the inner boundary of the cloak shell. We confirm that a cloak with the ideal material parameters is a perfect invisibility cloak by systematically studying the change of the scattering coefficients from the near-ideal case to the ideal one. However, because of the slow convergence of the zeroth-order scattering coefficients, a tiny perturbation on the cloak would induce a noticeable field scattering and penetration.
One-sided prime ideals in noncommutative algebra
2010-01-01
The goal of this dissertation is to provide noncommutative generalizations of the following theorems from commutative algebra: (Cohen's Theorem) every ideal of a commutative ring R is finitely generated if and only if every prime ideal of R is finitely generated, and (Kaplansky's Theorems) every ideal of R is principal if and only if every prime ideal of R is principal, if and only if R is noetherian and every maximal ideal of R is principal. We approach this problem by introducing certain fa...
Estimation of the Ideal Binary Mask using Directional Systems
Boldt, Jesper; Kjems, Ulrik; Pedersen, Michael Syskind
2008-01-01
and the requirements to enable calculations of the ideal binary mask using a directional system without the availability of the unmixed signals. The proposed method has a low complexity and is verified using computer simulation in both ideal and non-ideal setups showing promising results.......The ideal binary mask is often seen as a goal for time-frequency masking algorithms trying to increase speech intelligibility, but the required availability of the unmixed signals makes it difficult to calculate the ideal binary mask in any real-life applications. In this paper we derive the theory...
IDEAL STRUCTURE OF UNIFORM ROE ALGEBRAS OVER SIMPLE CORES
CHEN XIAOMAN; WANG QIN
2004-01-01
This paper characterizes ideal structure of the uniform Roe algebra B* (X) over sinple cores X. A necessary and sufficient condition for a principal ideal of B*(X) to be spatial is given and an example of non-spatial ideal of B* (X) is constructed. By establishing an one-one correspondence between the ideals of B* (X) and the ω-filters on X, the maximal ideals of B* (X) are completely described by the corona of the Stone-Cech compactification of X.
Some New Sets and Topologies in Ideal Topological Spaces
R. Manoharan
2013-01-01
Full Text Available An ideal topological space is a triplet (X, τ, ℑ, where X is a nonempty set, τ is a topology on X, and ℑ is an ideal of subsets of X. In this paper, we introduce L∗-perfect, R∗-perfect, and C∗-perfect sets in ideal spaces and study their properties. We obtained a characterization for compatible ideals via R∗-perfect sets. Also, we obtain a generalized topology via ideals which is finer than τ using R∗-perfect sets on a finite set.
Concepts of Self, Ideal Self, and Ideal Woman Held by College Men and Women: A Comparison Study.
Voss, Jacqueline
1980-01-01
Married and single male and female college students of 1966, 1973, and 1976 are compared in their perceptions of female sex role--self, ideal woman, and man's ideal woman. Differences between perceptions of the ideal woman espoused by males and females were the most significant findings. (Author)
Anatomy and Aesthetics of the Labia Minora: The Ideal Vulva?
Clerico, C; Larry, A; Mojallal, A; Boucher, F
2017-03-10
Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Enlarged labia minora can cause functional, aesthetic and psychosocial problems. In reality, given the wide variety of vulvar morphology among people, it is a very subjective issue to define the "normal" vulva. The spread of nudity in the general media plays a major role in creating an artificial image and standards with regard to the ideal form. Physicians should be aware that the patient's self-perception of the normal or ideal vulva is highly influenced by the arguably distorted image related to our socio-psychological environment, as presented to us by the general media and internet. As physicians, we have to educate our patients on the variation of vulvar anatomy and the potential risks of these surgeries. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .
Flow stabilization of the ideal MHD resistive wall mode^1
Smith, S. P.; Jardin, S. C.; Freidberg, J. P.; Guazzotto, L.
2009-05-01
We demonstrate for the first time in a numerical calculation that for a typical circular cylindrical equilibrium, the ideal MHD resistive wall mode (RWM) can be completely stabilized by bulk equilibrium plasma flow, V, for a window of wall locations without introducing additional dissipation into the system. The stabilization is due to a resonance between the RWM and the Doppler shifted ideal MHD sound continuum. Our numerical approach introduces^2 u=φξ+ iV .∇ξ and the perturbed wall current^3 as variables, such that the eigenvalue, φ, only appears linearly in the linearized stability equations, which allows for the use of standard eigenvalue solvers. The wall current is related to the plasma displacement at the boundary by a Green's function. With the introduction of the resistive wall, we find that it is essential that the finite element grid be highly localized around the resonance radius where the parallel displacement, ξ, becomes singular. We present numerical convergence studies demonstrating that this singular behavior can be approached in a limiting sense. We also report on progress toward extending this calculation to an axisymmetric toroidal geometry. ^1Work supported by a DOE FES fellowship through ORISE and ORAU. ^2L.Guazzotto, J.P Freidberg, and R. Betti, Phys.Plasmas 15, 072503 (2008). ^3S.P. Smith and S. C. Jardin, Phys. Plasmas 15, 080701 (2008).
Decomposition theorem in ideal topological spaces via a*-I-open sets and Asemi*-I-open sets
AL-Omeri, W.; Noorani, Mohd. Salmi.; AL-Omari, A.
2014-09-01
In this paper, we investigate some properties of a*-I-open set [3] and Asemi*-I-open sets defined in [3] in ideal topological space. The relationships of other related classes of sets are investigated. Also, a new decomposition of continuous functions is obtained by using δβA-I-open and SA*-set functions in an ideal topological space.
ON FREE IDEALS IN FREE ALGEBRAS OVER A COMMUTATIVE RING
Khurul Wardati
2015-05-01
Full Text Available Let A be a free R-algebra where R is a unital commutative ring. An ideal I in A is called a free ideal if it is a free R-submodule with the basis contained in the basis of A. The denition of free ideal and basic ideal in the free R-algebra are equivalent. The free ideal notion plays an important role in the proof of some special properties of a basic ideal that can characterize the free R-algebra. For example, a free R-algebra A is basically semisimple if and only if it is a direct sum of minimal basic ideals in A: In this work, we study the properties of basically semisimple free R-algebras.
Luo, Ercang
2012-06-01
This paper analyzes the thermodynamic cycle of oscillating-flow regenerative machines. Unlike the classical analysis of thermodynamic textbooks, the assumptions for pistons' movement limitations are not needed and only ideal flowing and heat transfer should be maintained in our present analysis. Under such simple assumptions, the meso-scale thermodynamic cycles of each gas parcel in typical locations of a regenerator are analyzed. It is observed that the gas parcels in the regenerator undergo Lorentz cycle in different temperature levels, whereas the locus of all gas parcels inside the regenerator is the Ericson-like thermodynamic cycle. Based on this new finding, the author argued that ideal oscillating-flow machines without heat transfer and flowing losses is not the Stirling cycle. However, this new thermodynamic cycle can still achieve the same efficiency of the Carnot heat engine and can be considered a new reversible thermodynamic cycle under two constant-temperature heat sinks.
The loss of idealism throughout internship.
Griffith, Charles H; Wilson, John F
2003-12-01
The purpose of this project was to understand how resident attitudes to specific types of patients change throughout their internship. Over a 3-year period all 1st-year internal medicine residents were asked to complete a 15-item survey regarding their attitudes toward certain patient types and the profession. The survey was administered the 1st day of the internship, again in mid-November, and in June in the last month of internship. Sixty-one of 80 interns (76% response) completed all three administrations of the survey. In general, there were statistically significant differences in attitudes from the first administration to the second in all categories (all changes reflecting less idealism), with attitudes remaining the same for the second to third administration. For example, interns believed significantly more patients requesting narcotics were drug seekers (19% vs. 33%/37%, p < .0001) and a lesser percentage of the elderly could care for themselves independently (62% vs. 50%/48%, p < .0001). We conclude interns become less idealistic toward patients and the profession throughout internship, with the greatest change within the first 5 months.
Tv nyheder: Journalistiske Idealer er under Pres
Thomsen, Line Hassall
2013-01-01
om Den Gode Historie mødte jeg på alle fire redaktioner. Ansatte på de fire forskellige redaktioner svarede (næsten ordret) det samme til spørgsmålet om hvad Den Gode Historie er. Ifølge redaktørerne og redaktionssekretærerne er Den Gode Historie den nyhedshistorie der får seeren til ’at snakke......’ hjemme i dagligstuerne. Derfor fortalte journalisterne at de ofte forestillede sig at de fortalte en nyhedshistorie til deres mor eller deres venner for at tænke sig til om det var en nyhed der ville blive talt om hjemme i dagligstuen. Journalisterne selv beskrev den Gode Historie som den nyhed der både...... er objektiv, oplyser seeren, er dybdeborende, forbedrer verden og er kritisk overfor autoriteterne på vegne af befolkningen. At lave den slags historier blev talt om blandt journalisterne som ’God Journalistik’. Mange nævnte disse fjerde statsmagts idealer som den vigtigste årsag til at de...
Ideal Strategy to Improve Datawarehouse Performance
Fahad Sultan
2010-03-01
Full Text Available Data warehouse is set up for the benefits of business analysts and executives across all functional areas. The primary goal of data warehouse is to free the information locked up in the operational database so that decision makers and business analyst can make queries, analysis and planning regardless of the data changes inoperational database. Data analysis in a large database requires some innovative techniques; there should be some new methods and procedures to look at the data with different angles. While executing adhoc queries over a large database degrade the query performance atconsiderable level because query will have to go through from large volume of data after making lot of joins. Moreover, as the number of queries is large, therefore, in certain cases there is reasonable probability that same query submitted by the one or multiple users at different times. Each time when query is executed, all the data ofwarehouse is analyzed to generate the result of that query. In this paper we purpose an ideal approach which definitely minimizes esponse time and improves the efficiency of data warehouse overall, articularly when data warehouse is updated at regular interval. Thisapproach has been validated by Formal Method.
Activation of MHD reconnection on ideal timescales
Landi, S.; Papini, E.; Del Zanna, L.; Tenerani, A.; Pucci, F.
2017-01-01
Magnetic reconnection in laboratory, space and astrophysical plasmas is often invoked to explain explosive energy release and particle acceleration. However, the timescales involved in classical models within the macroscopic MHD regime are far too slow to match the observations. Here we revisit the tearing instability by performing visco-resistive two-dimensional numerical simulations of the evolution of thin current sheets, for a variety of initial configurations and of values of the Lunquist number S, up to 107. Results confirm that when the critical aspect ratio of S 1/3 is reached in the reconnecting current sheets, the instability proceeds on ideal (Alfvénic) macroscopic timescales, as required to explain observations. Moreover, the same scaling is seen to apply also to the local, secondary reconnection events triggered during the nonlinear phase of the tearing instability, thus accelerating the cascading process to increasingly smaller spatial and temporal scales. The process appears to be robust, as the predicted scaling is measured both in inviscid simulations and when using a Prandtl number P = 1 in the viscous regime.
O ideal de Baudelaire por Walter Benjamin Baudelaire's ideal by Walter Benjamin
Luciano Ferreira Gatti
2008-01-01
Full Text Available O artigo examina a interpretação feita por Walter Benjamin dos poemas de Charles Baudelaire marcados pela noção de ideal, a qual se opõe ao spleen. Benjamin encontra aí o esforço de rememoração de uma experiência plena, a qual constituiria, por sua vez, um elemento essencial à compreensão da modernidade como impossibilidade desta forma de experiência. Com as noções de beleza e de aura, o artigo busca ainda salientar a importância da categoria da distância para a configuração desta forma de experiência.This paper examines the interpretation made by Walter Benjamin of Baudelaire's poems determined by the notion of Ideal, which is opposed to the concept of spleen. The Ideal is identified by Benjamin as the effort of remembrance of a full experience, which constitutes an essential element to the understanding of modernity as the impossibility of such kind of experience. At last the explanation of the concepts of beauty and aura is introduced to emphasize the importance of the category of distance to the configuration of this form of experience.
Generalized Fuzzy Ideals of BCI-algebra%BCI-代数的广义Fuzzy理想
刘娟; 孙绍权
2011-01-01
引入了BCI-代数的广义fuzzy子代数、广义fuzzy理想和广义fuzzy闭理想的概念;讨论了BCI-代数的广义fuzzy子代数和广义fuzzy理想(闭理想)之间的关系;给出了BCI-代数的fuzzy子集是广义fuzzy理想(闭理想)的充要条件;证明了BCI-代数的2个广义fuzzy理想的交和直积是广义fuzzy理想.%The concepts of generalized fuzzy subalgebra、 generalized fuzzy ideal and generalized fuzzy closed ideal on BCI-algebra are introduced; the relation between generalized fuzzy subalgebra on BCI-algebra and generalized fuzzy(closed) ideal on BCI-algebra is discussed; the necessary and sufficient condition about that fuzzy subset on BCI-algebra is generalized fuzzy(closed) ideal on it is given; the intersection and direct product of generalized fuzzy ideals on BCI-algebra is still a generalized fuzzy ideal of it is proved.
The effect of priming materialism on women's responses to thin-ideal media.
Ashikali, Eleni-Marina; Dittmar, Helga
2012-12-01
Consumer culture is characterized by two prominent ideals: the 'body perfect' and the material 'good life'. Although the impact of these ideals has been investigated in separate research literatures, no previous research has examined whether materialism is linked to women's responses to thin-ideal media. Data from several studies confirm that the internalization of materialistic and body-ideal values is positively linked in women. After developing a prime for materialism (N = 50), we present an experimental examination (N = 155) of the effects of priming materialism on women's responses to thin-ideal media, using multiple outcome measures of state body dissatisfaction. Priming materialism affects women's body dissatisfaction after exposure to thin media models, but differently depending on the dimension of body image measured. The two main novel findings are that (1) priming materialism heightens the centrality of appearance to women's self-concept and (2) priming materialism influences the activation of body-related self-discrepancies (BRSDs), particularly for highly materialistic women. Exposure to materialistic media has a clear influence on women's body image, with trait materialism a further vulnerability factor for negative exposure effects in response to idealized, thin media models.
Eastwick, Paul W; Finkel, Eli J; Eagly, Alice H
2011-11-01
Three studies explored how the traits that people ideally desire in a romantic partner, or ideal partner preferences, intersect with the process of romantic relationship initiation and maintenance. Two attraction experiments in the laboratory found that, when participants evaluated a potential romantic partner's written profile, they expressed more romantic interest in a partner whose traits were manipulated to match (vs. mismatch) their idiosyncratic ideals. However, after a live interaction with the partner, the match vs. mismatch manipulation was no longer associated with romantic interest. This pattern appeared to have emerged because participants reinterpreted the meaning of the traits as they applied to the partner, a context effect predicted by classic models of person perception (S. E. Asch, 1946). Finally, a longitudinal study of middle-aged adults demonstrated that participants evaluated a current romantic partner (but not a partner who was merely desired) more positively to the extent that the partner matched their overall pattern of ideals across several traits; the match in level of ideals (i.e., high vs. low ratings) was not relevant to participants' evaluations. In general, the match between ideals and a partner's traits may predict relational outcomes when participants are learning about a partner in the abstract and when they are actually in a relationship with the partner, but not when considering potential dating partners they have met in person.
Media-portrayed idealized images, self-objectification, and eating behavior.
Monro, Fiona J; Huon, Gail F
2006-11-01
This study examined the effects of media-portrayed idealized images on young women's eating behavior. The study compared the effects for high and low self-objectifiers. 72 female university students participated in this experiment. Six magazine advertisements featuring idealized female models were used as the experimental stimuli, and the same six advertisements with the idealized body digitally removed became the control stimuli. Eating behavior was examined using a classic taste test that involved both sweet and savory food. Participants' restraint status was assessed. We found that total food intake after exposure was the same in the body present and absent conditions. There were also no differences between high and low self-objectifiers' total food intake. However, for the total amount of food consumed and for sweet food there were significant group by condition interaction effects. High self-objectifiers ate more food in the body present than the body absent condition. In contrast, low self-objectifiers ate more food in the body absent than in the body present condition. Restraint status was not found to moderate the relationship between exposure to idealized images the amount of food consumed. Our results indicate that exposure to media-portrayed idealized images can lead to changes in eating behavior and highlight the complexity of the association between idealized image exposure and eating behavior. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for the prevention of dieting-related disorders.
Kinetic Models for Adiabatic Reversible Expansion of a Monatomic Ideal Gas.
Chang, On-Kok
1983-01-01
A fixed amount of an ideal gas is confined in an adiabatic cylinder and piston device. The relation between temperature and volume in initial/final phases can be derived from the first law of thermodynamics. However, the relation can also be derived based on kinetic models. Several of these models are discussed. (JN)
Cooking under Pressure: Applying the Ideal Gas Law in the Kitchen
Chen, Ling; Anderson, Jennifer Y.; Wang, Diane R.
2010-01-01
This case study uses a daily cooking scenario to demonstrate how the boiling point of water is directly related to the external pressures in order to reinforce the concepts of boiling and boiling point, apply ideal gas law, and relate chemical reaction rates with temperatures. It also extends its teaching to autoclaves used to destroy…
Cooking under Pressure: Applying the Ideal Gas Law in the Kitchen
Chen, Ling; Anderson, Jennifer Y.; Wang, Diane R.
2010-01-01
This case study uses a daily cooking scenario to demonstrate how the boiling point of water is directly related to the external pressures in order to reinforce the concepts of boiling and boiling point, apply ideal gas law, and relate chemical reaction rates with temperatures. It also extends its teaching to autoclaves used to destroy…
The Divine and Artistic Ideal: Ideas and Insights for Cross-Cultural Aesthetic Education
Gu, Ming Dong
2008-01-01
Art has been related to the divine across cultures. In most traditions, the divine has been viewed as the ultimate aesthetic ideal, and aesthetics is full of notions, ideas, and concepts related to it without which artistic criticism and aesthetic education would be in a much impoverished state. The divine in art, however, is a slippery category.…
Shaping ideal cities: the graph representation of the urban utopia
D'Autilia, Roberto
2016-01-01
The ideal Renaissance city is designed as a star-shaped fortress, where the streets and squares are organized to speed the movement of people and soldiers. Symmetry and accessibility represent the key features for the organization of the urban space. The resulting city is hierarchized and does not always guarantee an optimal degree of connectivity. Taking the baton from the work done by space syntax in the definition of properties of spatial graph representation, we introduce a method to compute urban graphs from the Euclidean representation, the corresponding line graph and the contraction of nodes with the same urban function. We analyze the urban graphs of five historic cities: Vitry le Fran\\c{c}ois, Avola, Neuf Brisach, Grammichele and Palmanova and compare the analysis restults with the corresponding results from space syntax. Analysis of the spectral gap and the relative asymmetry distribution show a similar structure for these cities. The irregular or reticular housing structure seems to ensure connect...
The contrary ideals of individualism and nursing value of care.
Katims, I
1995-01-01
Despite the relational worldview that underpins nursing caring, the cultural value of individualism remains firmly embedded in nursing's conceptual systems. Individualism forms the basis of notions such as autonomy, self-reliance, personal rights and entitlement. When nurses concomitantly espouse the value of care, an orientation that stands in contrast to the predominant societal motif of the autonomous individual, they find themselves having to reconcile contrary ideals. The significance of the coexistence of the values of individualism and care rests upon the capability of each to contrast and sharpen our understanding of the other. The convergent outcome is the empowerment of nurses to refine their understanding of the human condition in illness and health, and to articulate a public practice of care that would temper the fundamental mark of nointerference in the traditional notion of individualism in American culture.
Variable Tension, Large Deflection Ideal String Model For Transverse Motions
Ciblak, Namik
2013-01-01
In this study a new approach to the problem of transverse vibrations of an ideal string is presented. Unlike previous studies, assumptions such as constant tension, inextensibility, constant crosssectional area, small deformations and slopes are all removed. The main result is that, despite such relaxations in the model, not only does the final equation remain linear, but, it is exactly the same equation obtained in classical treatments. First, an "infinitesimals" based analysis, similar to historical methods, is given. However, an alternative and much stronger approach, solely based on finite quantities, is also presented. Furthermore, it is shown that the same result can also be obtained by Lagrangian mechanics, which indicates the compatibility of the original method with those based on energy and variational principles. Another interesting result is the relation between the force distribution and string displacement in static cases, which states that the force distribution per length is proportional to th...
Impedance matching, optimum velocity, and ideal middle ears.
Peake, W T; Rosowski, J J
1991-05-01
One way to assess an ear's performance as a receiver of acoustic power is to consider impedance matching at the tympanic membrane. Assumptions about some of the impedances involved have lead to the idea of an optimum velocity magnitude (per unit pressure), which has been used as a test of middle-ear performance. We show that this approach is not a realistic way to assess effectiveness of power absorption at the tympanic membrane. More generally, we suggest that, if the performance of the combined external-and-middle ear in collecting acoustic power and delivering it to the inner ear is considered, the external- and middle-ear power-transfer efficiencies, as well as impedance matching, are involved in relating performance to an ideal.
Koers and the ideal of Christian scholarship
Daniël F.M. Strauss
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Commemorating the 75-year existence of the journal Koers is connected to the Reformational tradition, from Calvin to Kuyper, Stoker, Dooyeweerd and Vollenhoven – all thinkers who realised that the biblical starting point of life indeed touches the heart, the religious root, of humankind and therefore cannot remain restricted to church life and religion in its narrow sense, but must come to expression in all walks of life. This awareness was a fruit of the Christian worldview and lifeview which currently is confronted by the Big Bang claims and by neo-Darwinism – both movements taking on cultic dimensions with an intolerance towards everyone who does not accept their perspective. Their attitude generated serious reactions on two websites, the impact of which was discussed in this article. Some problems entailed in Darwinism and physicalistic materialism were highlighted, before attention was given to the status of natural laws and normative principles. Particular attention was given to the elimination of God’s law and the way in which modern Humanism explored the two cornerstones of modern nominalism, up to the point where human understanding was elevated to become the a priori formal law-giver of nature. This legacy was continued both by the later developments within the Baden school of neo-Kantian thought and Postmodernism,which is placed within the context of the three succeeding epistemic ideals of the past three centuries. Rationality can only fulfil its true calling when it accounts for the cohering diversity within reality without becoming a victim of any form of reductionism – and by following this guiding star, Koers will continue to strengthen its invaluable contribution to the advancement of Christian scholarship.
Ideal theory in semigroups based on intersectional soft sets.
Song, Seok Zun; Kim, Hee Sik; Jun, Young Bae
2014-01-01
The notions of int-soft semigroups and int-soft left (resp., right) ideals are introduced, and several properties are investigated. Using these notions and the notion of inclusive set, characterizations of subsemigroups and left (resp., right) ideals are considered. Using the notion of int-soft products, characterizations of int-soft semigroups and int-soft left (resp., right) ideals are discussed. We prove that the soft intersection of int-soft left (resp., right) ideals (resp., int-soft semigroups) is also int-soft left (resp., right) ideals (resp., int-soft semigroups). The concept of int-soft quasi-ideals is also introduced, and characterization of a regular semigroup is discussed.
Ideal Amenability of Banach Algebras on Locally Compact Groups
M Eshaghi Gordji; S A R Hosseiniun
2005-08-01
In this paper we study the ideal amenability of Banach algebras. Let $\\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra and let be a closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}, \\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable if $H^1(\\mathcal{A},I^∗)=\\{0\\}$. Further, $\\mathcal{A}$ is ideally amenable if $\\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable for every closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}$. We know that a continuous homomorphic image of an amenable Banach algebra is again amenable. We show that for ideal amenability the homomorphism property for suitable direct summands is true similar to weak amenability and we apply this result for ideal amenability of Banach algebras on locally compact groups.
Interpolation of Ideal Measures by Abstract K and J Spaces
Luz M. FERN(A)NDEZ-CABRERA; Ant(o)n MART(I)NEZ
2007-01-01
We work with the abstract K and J interpolation method generated by a sequence latticeΓ.We investigate the deviation of an interpolated operator from a given operator ideal by establishingformulae for the ideal measure of the interpolated operator in terms of the ideal measures of restrictionsof the operator.Formulae are given in terms of the norms of the shift operators on Γ.
Thought-shape fusion in young healthy females appears after vivid imagination of thin ideals.
Wyssen, Andrea; Coelho, Jennifer S; Wilhelm, Peter; Zimmermann, Grégoire; Munsch, Simone
2016-09-01
It has been shown that exposure to female thin ideals in media has minimal to moderate direct effects on body image satisfaction (BIS), mood and dysfunctional eating in healthy young women. Evidence has been found for several intervening variables such as social comparison processes. Accordingly it is assumed, that cognitive processing (rather than mere media exposure) is crucial. Consequently, vivid imagination of thin ideals after exposure to a fashion magazine was induced in order to trigger cognitive processes. Changes in mood, BIS and resulting bodyrelated cognitive distortions (Thought-Shape Fusion Body, TSF-B) were assessed. A total of 91 healthy women (mean age 21.9 years, SD = 2.0) were exposed to either a fashion magazine (thin-ideal group) or a nature magazine (control group) in a waiting room design. Afterwards they were instructed to vividly imagine either the thin ideals or landscapes. When exposed to thin ideals, a significant decrease in mood and BIS emerged after vivid imagination, but not after mere magazine exposure. Imagining thin ideals triggered body-related cognitive distortions (TSF-B). A higher degree of eating disorder (ED) symptomatology amplified this effect. These findings apply to young healthy females and cannot be generalized to samples with obesity, EDs or males. Internal validity is limited since the intensity of the exposure has not been systematically controlled. Vivid imagination of thin ideals promoted by magazines results in impaired mood and BIS and moreover in body-related cognitive distortions (TSF-B) in healthy women, especially, for those with stronger ED symptomatology. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Particle number counting statistics in ideal Bose gases
Christoph Weiss; Martin Wilkens
1997-01-01
We discuss the exact particle number counting statistics of degenerate ideal Bose gases in the microcanonical, canonical, and grand-canonical ensemble, respectively, for various trapping potentials...
Towards the Idealization Procedure of BAN- Like Logics
CAO Li-li; CHEN Ke-fei
2005-01-01
We demonstrate the flaws of Mao's method,which is an augmentation of protocol idealization in BAN-like logics, and then offer some new idealization rules based on Mao's method. Furthermore, we give some theoretical analysis of our rules using the strand space formalism, and show the soundness of our idealization rules under strand spaces.Some examples on using the new rules to analyze security protocols are also concerned. Our idealization method is more effective than Mao's method towards many protocol instances,and is supported by a formal model.
Optimizing Nanoparticle Designs to Reach Ideal Light Absorption
Grigoriev, Victor; Wenger, Jerome; Stout, Brian
2014-01-01
Ideal absorption describes a particular means of optimizing light-matter interactions with a host of potential applications. This work presents new analytic formulas and describes semi-analytical methods for the design of electric or magnetic ideal absorption in nanoparticles. These formulas indicate that ideal absorption is attainable in homogeneous spheres with known materials at specific sizes and frequencies. They also provide a means of designing core-shell particles to produce ideal absorption at virtually any frequency in the visible and near infrared range.
Magic-Mirror-Spiral: Looking into the role of 'design ideal' in interaction design research projects
Bagalkot, Naveen L.; Nazzi, Elena; Sokoler, Tomas
2011-01-01
There is an ongoing discourse arguing for Interaction Design Research to contribute to theory-about-interaction on one hand, and advancement of particular situation on the other. While there is an acknowledgement of the dialectic relation between theory and situation, however, pointers to embrace......MirrorSpiral, explicating the relation between theory, concept, design ideal, design artefact, and situation. We propose this formulation of ‘design-ideal-as-part-of-the-compositional-whole’ as a step towards an Interaction Design Research process that embraces the ‘theory-situation’ dialectic, and aims to contribute to...... the dialectic during a research practice are missing. In order to embrace this dialectic, in this paper we suggest the formulation of a Design Ideal as the interface between theoretical concept and situation. We support our suggestion by a retrospection of our ongoing exploration of Magic...
Realism and Idealism, or: Is it Possible to Resolve Philosophical Problems?
Christoph Asmuth
2007-12-01
Full Text Available As early as Plato’s Sophist we find the claim that there are two basic forms of doing philosophy: realism and idealism. Taking this reaction to the sophist Protagoras as its point of departure, this article aims to trace the crucial and paradigmatic stages in the further development of this problem. Besides Protagoras and Plato this includes above all Schelling and Fichte, both of whom delved profoundly into the relation of realism and idealism. Fichte’s position is distinguished by a particularly high degree of reflection; for him the relation of realism and idealism takes on the function of justifying philosophy in its consummation. The article closes with a summary, not entirely resigned, arguing that the problem is still unsolved and undecided in the present.
A sub-ensemble theory of ideal quantum measurement processes
Allahverdyan, Armen E.; Balian, Roger; Nieuwenhuizen, Theo M.
2017-01-01
In order to elucidate the properties currently attributed to ideal measurements, one must explain how the concept of an individual event with a well-defined outcome may emerge from quantum theory which deals with statistical ensembles, and how different runs issued from the same initial state may end up with different final states. This so-called "measurement problem" is tackled with two guidelines. On the one hand, the dynamics of the macroscopic apparatus A coupled to the tested system S is described mathematically within a standard quantum formalism, where " q-probabilities" remain devoid of interpretation. On the other hand, interpretative principles, aimed to be minimal, are introduced to account for the expected features of ideal measurements. Most of the five principles stated here, which relate the quantum formalism to physical reality, are straightforward and refer to macroscopic variables. The process can be identified with a relaxation of S + A to thermodynamic equilibrium, not only for a large ensemble E of runs but even for its sub-ensembles. The different mechanisms of quantum statistical dynamics that ensure these types of relaxation are exhibited, and the required properties of the Hamiltonian of S + A are indicated. The additional theoretical information provided by the study of sub-ensembles remove Schrödinger's quantum ambiguity of the final density operator for E which hinders its direct interpretation, and bring out a commutative behaviour of the pointer observable at the final time. The latter property supports the introduction of a last interpretative principle, needed to switch from the statistical ensembles and sub-ensembles described by quantum theory to individual experimental events. It amounts to identify some formal " q-probabilities" with ordinary frequencies, but only those which refer to the final indications of the pointer. The desired properties of ideal measurements, in particular the uniqueness of the result for each individual
Converging cylindrical shocks in ideal magnetohydrodynamics
Pullin, D. I.
2014-09-01
We consider a cylindrically symmetrical shock converging onto an axis within the framework of ideal, compressible-gas non-dissipative magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). In cylindrical polar co-ordinates we restrict attention to either constant axial magnetic field or to the azimuthal but singular magnetic field produced by a line current on the axis. Under the constraint of zero normal magnetic field and zero tangential fluid speed at the shock, a set of restricted shock-jump conditions are obtained as functions of the shock Mach number, defined as the ratio of the local shock speed to the unique magnetohydrodynamic wave speed ahead of the shock, and also of a parameter measuring the local strength of the magnetic field. For the line current case, two approaches are explored and the results compared in detail. The first is geometrical shock-dynamics where the restricted shock-jump conditions are applied directly to the equation on the characteristic entering the shock from behind. This gives an ordinary-differential equation for the shock Mach number as a function of radius which is integrated numerically to provide profiles of the shock implosion. Also, analytic, asymptotic results are obtained for the shock trajectory at small radius. The second approach is direct numerical solution of the radially symmetric MHD equations using a shock-capturing method. For the axial magnetic field case the shock implosion is of the Guderley power-law type with exponent that is not affected by the presence of a finite magnetic field. For the axial current case, however, the presence of a tangential magnetic field ahead of the shock with strength inversely proportional to radius introduces a length scale R = √μ0/p0 I/(2π) where I is the current, μ0 is the permeability, and p0 is the pressure ahead of the shock. For shocks initiated at r ≫ R, shock convergence is first accompanied by shock strengthening as for the strictly gas-dynamic implosion. The diverging magnetic field then
Converging cylindrical shocks in ideal magnetohydrodynamics
Pullin, D. I.; Mostert, W.; Wheatley, V.; Samtaney, R.
2014-09-01
We consider a cylindrically symmetrical shock converging onto an axis within the framework of ideal, compressible-gas non-dissipative magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). In cylindrical polar co-ordinates we restrict attention to either constant axial magnetic field or to the azimuthal but singular magnetic field produced by a line current on the axis. Under the constraint of zero normal magnetic field and zero tangential fluid speed at the shock, a set of restricted shock-jump conditions are obtained as functions of the shock Mach number, defined as the ratio of the local shock speed to the unique magnetohydrodynamic wave speed ahead of the shock, and also of a parameter measuring the local strength of the magnetic field. For the line current case, two approaches are explored and the results compared in detail. The first is geometrical shock-dynamics where the restricted shock-jump conditions are applied directly to the equation on the characteristic entering the shock from behind. This gives an ordinary-differential equation for the shock Mach number as a function of radius which is integrated numerically to provide profiles of the shock implosion. Also, analytic, asymptotic results are obtained for the shock trajectory at small radius. The second approach is direct numerical solution of the radially symmetric MHD equations using a shock-capturing method. For the axial magnetic field case the shock implosion is of the Guderley power-law type with exponent that is not affected by the presence of a finite magnetic field. For the axial current case, however, the presence of a tangential magnetic field ahead of the shock with strength inversely proportional to radius introduces a length scale R=sqrt{μ _0/p_0} I/(2 π ) where I is the current, μ0 is the permeability, and p0 is the pressure ahead of the shock. For shocks initiated at r ≫ R, shock convergence is first accompanied by shock strengthening as for the strictly gas-dynamic implosion. The diverging magnetic field
Suisman, Jessica L.; Thompson, J. Kevin; Keel, Pamela K.; Burt, S. Alexandra; Neale, Michael; Boker, Steven; Sisk, Cheryl; Klump, Kelly L.
2014-01-01
Objective Mean-levels of thin-ideal internalization increase during adolescence and pubertal development, but it is unknown whether these phenotypic changes correspond to developmental changes in etiological (i.e., genetic and environmental) risk. Given the limited knowledge on risk for thin-ideal internalization, research is needed to guide the identification of specific types of risk factors during critical developmental periods. The present twin study examined genetic and environmental influences on thin-ideal internalization across adolescent and pubertal development. Method Participants were 1,064 female twins (ages 8–25 years) from the Michigan State University Twin Registry. Thin-ideal internalization and pubertal development were assessed using self-report questionnaires. Twin moderation models were used to examine if age and/or pubertal development moderate genetic and environmental influences on thin-ideal internalization. Results Phenotypic analyses indicated significant increases in thin-ideal internalization across age and pubertal development. Twin models suggested no significant differences in etiologic effects across development. Nonshared environmental influences were most important in the etiology of thin-ideal internalization, with genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental accounting for approximately 8%, 15%, and 72%, respectively, of the total variance. Discussion Despite mean-level increases in thin-ideal internalization across development, the relative influence of genetic versus environmental risk did not differ significantly across age or pubertal groups. The majority of variance in thin-ideal internalization was accounted for by environmental factors, suggesting that mean-level increases in thin-ideal internalization may reflect increases in the magnitude/strength of environmental risk across this period. Replication is needed, particularly with longitudinal designs that assess thin-ideal internalization across key
El humanitarismo, ¿un nuevo ideal moral?
Giusti, Miguel
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Relatively beyond the context of the philosophical debates of contemporary ethics, an intuitive and generic vision of the concept of «humanitarianism» has gradually imposed itself, with normativity claims, on the international juridical language and corpus. This paper seeks to decipher the theoretic presuppositions of this new intuitive moral ideal by analysing the notion of «humanity» which functions as an instance of moral appeal, as well as by discussing the problem concerning the classification of certain acts as «crimes against humanity». The paper finally directs the analysis towards the possibility of including the existence of extreme poverty in the world amongst these acts that are harmful to humanity.
Relativamente al margen de los debates filosóficos de la ética contemporánea, ha ido imponiéndose paulatinamente en el lenguaje y el corpus jurídico internacionales una visión intuitiva y genérica del concepto de «humanitarismo» con pretensiones de normatividad. El artículo procura descifrar las presuposiciones teóricas de este nuevo ideal moral intuitivo analizando la noción de «humanidad» que hace allí las veces de instancia de apelación moral y discutiendo el problema concerniente a la tipificación de ciertos actos como «crímenes contra la humanidad». Proyecta finalmente el análisis hacia la posibilidad de incluir entre estos actos lesivos a la humanidad la existencia de la pobreza extrema en el mundo.
Dour, Halina J; Theran, Sally A
2011-01-01
Unhealthy eating attitudes and poor body esteem often lead to adverse outcomes (e.g., eating disorders). Prior research has identified two risk factors for these outcomes--endorsement of the superhero ideal and maladaptive perfectionism--and has suggested that these factors may interact to predict unhealthy eating attitudes and body esteem. The current study examined the interaction between the superhero ideal and maladaptive perfectionism as predictors of unhealthy eating attitudes and body esteem among 161 12- to 14-year-olds (74 males, 87 females). Maladaptive perfectionism moderated the relation between endorsement of the superhero ideal and unhealthy eating attitudes for girls only, such that endorsement of the superhero ideal was significantly associated with unhealthy eating attitudes only for adolescents with high levels of maladaptive perfectionism. The moderation model was not significant for body esteem. Prevention strategies should focus on reducing endorsement of the superhero ideal when there are high levels of maladaptive perfectionism.
O ideal em questão The Ideal on focus
Christian Hoffmann
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Partindo da formulação lacaniana segundo a qual "em todo psicanalisante, há um discípulo de Aristóteles", o artigo pretende abordar o impasse atual no governo de si e dos outros articulando-o à servidão voluntária ao ideal platônico do filósofo-rei. Propondo pensar a questão de como sair dessa servidão, o autor versa sobre as críticas de Aristóteles, Arendt e Leo Strauss a uma política elaborada com base no modelo da família.Based on the Lacanian formulation that "in every psychoanalysand, there is a disciple of Aristotle", the article aims to address the current impasse in the government of self and others linking it to voluntary servitude to the platonic ideal of the philosopher-king. Proposing to consider the question of how to get out of this bondage, the author discusses the criticism of Aristotle, Arendt and Leo Strauss to a policy which is based on the family model.
A Novel Ideal Floating Inductor Using Translinear Conveyors
Iqbal A. Khan
2003-01-01
Full Text Available An ideal floating inductor circuit using translinear conveyors is introduced. The floating inductor simulator uses two translinear conveyors and a single capacitor in its realization. The circuit provides the current controlled ideal floating inductance without any component matching constraints. Simulation results on the floating inductor simulator verify the theory
A CRITERION FOR TESTING WHETHER A DIFFERENCE IDEAL IS PRIME
Chunming YUAN; Xiao-Shan GAO
2009-01-01
This paper presents a criterion for testing the irreducibility of a polynomial over an algebraic extension field. Using this criterion and the characteristic set method, the authors give a criterion for testing whether certain difference ascending chains are strong irreducible, and as a consequence, whether the saturation ideals of these ascending chains are prime ideals.
Evolutionary idealism: a philosophical foundation for holistic nursing theory.
Sarter, B
1987-01-01
The philosophical tradition of evolutionary idealism is explored as an appropriate metaphysical foundation for holistic nursing science. Some implications of this tradition for theory development, testing, and practice are identified. It is suggested that evolutionary idealism can form an appropriate philosophical foundation for nursing theory development.
KERNEL IDEALS AND CONGRUENCES ON MS-ALGEBRAS
Luo Congwen; Zeng Yanlu
2006-01-01
In this article, the authors describe the largest congruence induced by a kernel ideal of an MS-algebra and characterize those MS-algebras on which all the congruences are in a one-to-one correspondence with the kernel ideals.
Ideal Convergence of k-Positive Linear Operators
Akif Gadjiev
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We study some ideal convergence results of k-positive linear operators defined on an appropriate subspace of the space of all analytic functions on a bounded simply connected domain in the complex plane. We also show that our approximation results with respect to ideal convergence are more general than the classical ones.
Teachers' and Students' Perceptions of the Ideal Teacher
Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale
The purpose of the Study was to describe the characteristics of an ideal Turkish teacher from an interpersonal point of view. A total number of 21 teachers and 276 students (Grades 9 to 11) answered the questions "What should be/should not be the characteristics of an ideal teacher?" A total of 17
The "Ideal Teacher." Implications for Student Evaluation of Teacher Effectiveness.
Pozo-Munoz, Carmen; Rebolloso-Pacheco, Enrique; Fernandez-Ramirez, Baltasar
2000-01-01
Examined characteristics defining the ideal teacher using the semantic differential (SD) scale, which can detect attributes of ideal teachers and find evaluative, emotional, or affective components linked to this concept. Spanish college students completed the SD Scale. Results found teacher profiles similar to those found using other assessments,…
An ideal topology type convergent theorem on scale effect algebras
WU JunDe; ZHOU XuanChang; Minhyung CHO
2007-01-01
The famous Antosik-Mikusinski convergent theorem on the Abel topological groups has very extensive applications in measure theory, summation theory and other analysis fields. In this paper, we establish the theorem on a class of effect algebras equipped with the ideal topology. This paper shows also that the ideal topology of effect algebras is a useful topology in studying the quantum logic theory.
The Slice Algorithm For Irreducible Decomposition of Monomial Ideals
Roune, Bjarke Hammersholt
2009-01-01
Irreducible decomposition of monomial ideals has an increasing number of applications from biology to pure math. This paper presents the Slice Algorithm for computing irreducible decompositions, Alexander duals and socles of monomial ideals. The paper includes experiments showing good performance...... in practice....
The "Ideal Professor" and Gender Effects in Christian Higher Education
Woods, Robert H., Jr.; Badzinski, Diane M.; Fritz, Janie M. Harden; Yeates, Sarah E.
2012-01-01
A survey was administered to 451 undergraduate students at a private liberal arts Christian university to identify students' perceptions of the ideal professor. The survey revealed that the ideal professor places great emphasis on the integration of faith and learning, is flexible (and even easy), maintains high academic standards, encourages…
On fuzzy BCC-ideals over a t-norm
Dudek, W. A.; JUN, Y. B.
2000-01-01
Using a t-norm T, the notion of T-fuzzy BCC-ideals of BCC-algebras is introduced, and some of their properties are investigated. Connections between different types of fuzzy BCC-ideals induced by t-norms are described.
The Calculus of Variations and the Ideal MHD Energy Principle
Schnack, Dalton D.
In Lecture 22, we showed that the ideal MHD force operator is self-adjoint and suggested that this allowed a formulation in which the stability of a system could be determined without solving a differential equation. Going further requires a little background in the calculus of variations. In the lecture we begin this discussion,1 and formulate the ideal MHD energy principle.
The Ideal Intersection Property for Groupoid Graded Rings
Öinert, Per Johan; Lundström, Patrik
2012-01-01
We show that, if a groupoid graded ring has a grading satisfying a certain nondegeneracy property, then the commutant of the center of the principal component of the ring has the ideal intersection property, that is it intersects nontrivially every nonzero ideal of the ring. Furthermore, we show ...
Teachers' and Students' Perceptions of the Ideal Teacher
Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale
2008-01-01
The purpose of the Study was to describe the characteristics of an ideal Turkish teacher from an interpersonal point of view. A total number of 21 teachers and 276 students (Grades 9 to 11) answered the questions "What should be/should not be the characteristics of an ideal teacher?" A total of 17 s
Performance Analyses of IDEAL Algorithm on Highly Skewed Grid System
Dongliang Sun
2014-03-01
Full Text Available IDEAL is an efficient segregated algorithm for the fluid flow and heat transfer problems. This algorithm has now been extended to the 3D nonorthogonal curvilinear coordinates. Highly skewed grids in the nonorthogonal curvilinear coordinates can decrease the convergence rate and deteriorate the calculating stability. In this study, the feasibility of the IDEAL algorithm on highly skewed grid system is analyzed by investigating the lid-driven flow in the inclined cavity. It can be concluded that the IDEAL algorithm is more robust and more efficient than the traditional SIMPLER algorithm, especially for the highly skewed and fine grid system. For example, at θ = 5° and grid number = 70 × 70 × 70, the convergence rate of the IDEAL algorithm is 6.3 times faster than that of the SIMPLER algorithm, and the IDEAL algorithm can converge almost at any time step multiple.
HIGHER EDUCATIONAL EMPOWERMENT, ITS IDEAL PARAMETERS AND THEIR CORELATION WITH ECONOMY
Mohit Satoskar
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Co-relation between economy and post-graduation studies are highlighted. Bridging the gap between unemployment and post- graduates are essential in this competitive world. Detailed assessment shows human transition phases. The ideal factors to choose precise post-graduate career is analyzed. Problem related to unemployment is discussed briefly. It is shown how STEM related streams requires concealed professional mid -term work-experience in course structure.
Doctor-Patient Communication in a Southeast Asian Setting: The Conflict between Ideal and Reality
Claramita, Mora; Utarini, Adi; Soebono, Hardyanto; Van Dalen, Jan; Van der Vleuten, Cees
2011-01-01
Doctor-patient communication has been extensively studied in non-Western contexts and in relation to patients' cultural and education backgrounds. This study explores the perceived ideal communication style for doctor-patient consultations and the reality of actual practice in a Southeast Asian context. We conducted the study in a teaching…
Only a Matter of Education Policy Ideals? German Professors' Perception of the Bologna Process
Brändle, Tobias
2016-01-01
Recently, it has been discussed how actors at universities perceive the Bologna Process. However, there is a lack of understanding about the determinants influencing attitudes towards the reform. In particular, the relation between education policy ideals and perceptions of the Bologna Process has gone unobserved. Based on a survey at three…
Fred Clarke's Ideals of Liberal Democracy: State and Community in Education
Ku, Hsiao-Yuh
2013-01-01
This paper examines the continuity and changes in Clarke's ideas about the State and community in education, especially in relation to a rapidly changing political situation in England in the 1930s and 1940s. His ideas evolved in the intellectual context of British idealism. Moreover, in response to the threat to democracy arising from Fascism or…
Netzer, Dick; Berne, Robert
1995-01-01
Ideally, voters' and state legislatures' policy choices should underlie a property tax system that is straightforward, comprehensible, systematic, and reasonably related to policy objectives. Administration should be uniform and fair. New York State's property tax system lacks a uniform valuation standard and "circuit breaker" and has…
Estimating Price Effects in an Almost Ideal Demand Model of Outbound Thai Tourism to East Asia
C-L. Chang (Chia-Lin); T. Khamkaew (Tanchanok); M.J. McAleer (Michael)
2010-01-01
textabstractThis paper analyzes the responsiveness of Thai outbound tourism to East Asian destinations, namely China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan and Korea, to changes in effective relative price of tourism, total real total tourism expenditure, and one-off events. The nonlinear and linear Almost Ideal
My Dance and the Ideal Body: Looking at Ballet Practice from the Inside Out
Jackson, Jennifer
2005-01-01
This paper argues for a change of thinking about the "ideal body" in relation to ballet as a dance form and how it is studied. It distinguishes between spectator and practitioner perspectives on ballet, and draws on the practice of established dance artists and that of the author to write about the first-person experience--from the inside out.…
Doctor-patient communication in a Southeast Asian setting: the conflict between ideal and reality.
Claramita, M.; Utarini, A.; Soebono, H.; Dalen, J. Van; Vleuten, C.P.M. van der
2011-01-01
Doctor-patient communication has been extensively studied in non-Western contexts and in relation to patients' cultural and education backgrounds. This study explores the perceived ideal communication style for doctor-patient consultations and the reality of actual practice in a Southeast Asian cont
Shaping idealisms : studies in Middle English romances and the literature of the Medieval Revival
Veldhoen, Norbertus Hermanus Gijsbertus Emmanuel
2014-01-01
Shaping Idealisms consists of eleven articles published earlier and three unpublished articles, a general introduction and a conclusion. The articles are mostly about Middle English romances and nineteenth- and twentieth-century romance-related texts. The general theme is the tension between convent
Doctor-Patient Communication in a Southeast Asian Setting: The Conflict between Ideal and Reality
Claramita, Mora; Utarini, Adi; Soebono, Hardyanto; Van Dalen, Jan; Van der Vleuten, Cees
2011-01-01
Doctor-patient communication has been extensively studied in non-Western contexts and in relation to patients' cultural and education backgrounds. This study explores the perceived ideal communication style for doctor-patient consultations and the reality of actual practice in a Southeast Asian context. We conducted the study in a teaching…
Lazar, Amnon; Guttmann, Joseph
2004-01-01
The relation of adolescents' experiencing parental divorce, their perception of parents' characteristics, and their perception of the ideal mate's characteristics was investigated. One hundred adolescents from intact families and 79 from nonintact families were asked to rank both the degree to which each of 40 personality traits characterized…
Fred Clarke's Ideals of Liberal Democracy: State and Community in Education
Ku, Hsiao-Yuh
2013-01-01
This paper examines the continuity and changes in Clarke's ideas about the State and community in education, especially in relation to a rapidly changing political situation in England in the 1930s and 1940s. His ideas evolved in the intellectual context of British idealism. Moreover, in response to the threat to democracy arising from Fascism or…
Ackerman, Ari
2008-01-01
This article will examine educational ideals by exploring the relation between the individual, the collective, and humanity in Kaplan's Jewish and educational philosophy. Generally the goals of individualism, nationalism, and universalism are seen as mutually exclusive. By contrast, Kaplan argues for the symbiotic relationship between…
Ruban, V.P.; Senchenko, Sergey
2004-01-01
The evolution of piecewise constant distributions of a conserved quantity related to the frozen-in canonical vorticity in effectively two-dimensional incompressible ideal EMHD flows is analytically investigated by the Hamiltonian method. The study includes the case of axisymmetric flows with zero...
Asymptotic Excisions of Metric Spaces and Ideals of Asymptotic Coarse Roe Algebras
LI Jin-xiu; WANG Qin
2006-01-01
We introduce in this note the notions of asymptotic excision of proper metric spaces and asymptotic equivalence relation for subspaces of metric spaces, which are relevant in characterizing spatial ideals of the asymptotic coarse Roe algebras. We show that the lattice of the asymptotic equivalence classes of the subspaces of a proper metric space is isomorphic to the lattice of the spatial ideals of the asymptotic Roe algebra. For asymptotic excisions of the metric space, we also establish a Mayer-Vietoris sequence in K-theory of the asymptotic coarse Roe algebras.
Discrepancy between actual and ideal body images; Impact on eating and exercise behaviors.
Anton, S D; Perri, M G; Riley, J R
2000-12-01
This study examined how discrepancies between actual and ideal body images are related to eating and exercise patterns. A total of 115 college-age women completed the Body Discrepancy Scale (BDS, a measure of the discrepancy between one's "actual" vs. "ideal" weight and size), a leisure-time physical activity survey, and questionnaires assessing the intake of fat and fiber (i.e., fruits and vegetables), as well as measures of maladaptive eating attitudes and behaviors. Partial correlations (controlling for Body Mass Index, BMI) showed that scores on the BDS were significantly (P'sbody image dissatisfaction (r=.32) and binge eating (r=.32). Collectively, these findings suggest that discrepancies between actual and ideal body images are associated with maladaptive eating and exercise patterns.
Classical calculation of relativistic frequency-shifts in an ideal Penning trap
Ketter, Jochen; Höcker, Martin; Schuh, Marc; Streubel, Sebastian; Blaum, Klaus
2013-01-01
The ideal Penning trap consists of a uniform magnetic field and an electrostatic quadrupole potential. In the classical low-energy limit, the three characteristic eigenfrequencies of a charged particle trapped in this configuration do not depend on the amplitudes of the three eigenmotions. No matter how accurate the experimental realization of the ideal Penning trap, its harmonicity is ultimately compromised by special relativity. Using a classical formalism of first-order perturbation theory, we calculate the relativistic frequency-shifts associated with the motional degrees of freedom for a spinless particle stored in an ideal Penning trap, and we compare the results with the simple but surprisingly accurate model of relativistic mass-increase.
The forbidden quest and the analytic ideal: the superego and insight.
Blum, H P
1981-10-01
As is evident in the history of civilization, in myths and dreams, and in Freud's self-analysis, insight has been both prohibited and heroically sought. Psychoanalytic insight into unconscious processes and contents involves a gradual transformation of inner interdictions and ideals through the tolerance of previously forbidden curiosity and knowledge. The analytic process depends upon relaxation of censorship and analysis of the motives and modes of self-criticism and self-punishment. While the superego may also uphold truth, the ideal of insight into psychic reality is relatively rare. The formation and consolidation of an analytic ideal of insight is an outgrowth of and contribution to analysis and analytic education. Analytic education should result in freedom from inner constraints on insight, in independent thought and judgement, and in a continuing "after-education."
Open Educational Resources: American Ideals, Global Questions
Weiland, Steven
2015-01-01
Educational relations between societies and cultures that begin with benevolent intentions can come to be seen as threats to national autonomy and local preferences. Indeed, side by side with the growth since the first years of this century of Open Educational Resources (OER) there has been worry about their impact on global educational…
Michels, N; Amenyah, S D
2017-05-01
To inspire effective health promotion campaigns, we tested the relationship of ideal body size and body size dissatisfaction with (1) the potential resulting health-influencing factors diet, physical activity and well-being; and (2) with media as a potential influencer of body ideals. This is a cross-sectional study in 370 Ghanaian adolescents (aged 11-18 years). Questionnaires included disordered eating (EAT26), diet quality (FFQ), physical activity (IPAQ), well-being (KINDL) and media influence on appearance (SATAQ: pressure, internalisation and information). Ideal body size and body size dissatisfaction were assessed using the Stunkard figure rating scale. Body mass index (BMI), skinfolds and waist were measured. Linear regressions were adjusted for gender, age and parental education. Also, mediation was tested: 'can perceived media influence play a role in the effects of actual body size on body size dissatisfaction?'. Body size dissatisfaction was associated with lower well-being and more media influence (pressure and internalisation) but not with physical activity, diet quality or disordered eating. An underweight body size ideal might worsen disordered eating but was not significantly related to the other predictors of interest. Only a partial mediation effect by media pressure was found: especially overweight adolescents felt media pressure, and this media pressure was associated with more body size dissatisfaction. To prevent disordered eating and low well-being, health messages should include strategies that reduce body size dissatisfaction and increase body esteem by not focussing on the thin body ideal. Changing body size ideals in the media might be an appropriate way since media pressure was a mediator in the BMI-dissatisfaction relation. Copyright © 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
IDEAL framework in surgical innovation applied on laparoscopic niche repair.
Nikkels, C; Vervoort, Anke J M W; Mol, Ben Willem; Hehenkamp, Wouter J K; Huirne, Judith A F; Brölmann, Hans A M
2017-08-01
The research objective of the current systematic literature review is to classify the laparoscopic niche repair according to the IDEAL framework of 'innovation stages' and to recommend the required research setting to facilitate safe and properly timed implementation of the technique. In doing so, we are also able to evaluate the practical applicability of the IDEAL framework. A systematic search of the available literature on laparoscopic niche repair was performed in PubMed, Embase, and the Wiley/Cochrane library. Articles were classified according to the IDEAL framework and recommendations were given on additional required research before the technique can be safely implemented. Practical applicability of the IDEAL framework was also evaluated. Introduction of laparoscopic niche repair matches Idea (1) and Development (2a), according to the stages of IDEAL framework, although most studies are retrospective and complications have not been registered structurally in a considerable number of the articles. As feasibility and safety have been more or less established and surgery has been further developed we enter stage 2b (Exploration) and need prospective trials preferably comparing the effectiveness of laparoscopic niche repair to expectant management, the current standard care. Available studies were classified with the use of the IDEAL framework, achieving an overall IDEAL stage to be 2a Development. As clinical outcomes, though poorly registered, have been substantially improved, laparoscopic niche repair needs to be carried forward by more advanced study designs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Einstein's idealism and a new kind of space research
Popov, M. A.
present time in Cosmology, the Cognitive Dark Matter is Kant-like superphenomental, or transcendental "noumental process" (Noumena). To describe Transcendental Dark Matter by methods of experimental idealism is, probably, the most sursprising and profound task for new space discipline ("Space Idealism"). We may await also that some fundamental characteristics of physical Dark Matter, discovered by Ostiker, Steinhardt, Krauss and Turner (1955), can be explained by our hypothethis, because it is not impossible that the Dark Matter is a part of the Cognitive Dark Matter, contained an observer's impact, which cannot be neglected after Special Relativity.
The magnetic properties of the hollow cylindrical ideal remanence magnet
Bjørk, Rasmus
2016-01-01
We consider the magnetic properties of the hollow cylindrical ideal remanence magnet. This magnet is the cylindrical permanent magnet that generates a uniform field in the cylinder bore, using the least amount of magnetic energy to do so. The remanence distribution of this magnet is derived...... and the generated field is compared to that of a Halbach cylinder of equal dimensions. The ideal remanence magnet is shown in most cases to generate a significantly lower field than the equivalent Halbach cylinder, although the field is generated with higher efficiency. The most efficient Halbach cylinder is shown...... to generate a field exactly twice as large as the equivalent ideal remanence magnet....
The magnetic properties of the hollow cylindrical ideal remanence magnet
Bjørk, R
2016-01-01
We consider the magnetic properties of the hollow cylindrical ideal remanence magnet. This magnet is the cylindrical permanent magnet that generates a uniform field in the cylinder bore, using the least amount of magnetic energy to do so. The remanence distribution of this magnet is derived and the generated field is compared to that of a Halbach cylinder of equal dimensions. The ideal remanence magnet is shown in most cases to generate a significantly lower field than the equivalent Halbach cylinder, although the field is generated with higher efficiency. The most efficient Halbach cylinder is shown to generate a field exactly twice as large as the equivalent ideal remanence magnet.
Adiabatic swimming in an ideal quantum gas.
Avron, J E; Gutkin, B; Oaknin, D H
2006-04-07
Interference effects are important for swimming of mesoscopic systems that are small relative to the coherence length of the surrounding quantum medium. Swimming is geometric for slow swimmers and the distance covered in each stroke is determined, explicitly, in terms of the on-shell scattering matrix. Remarkably, for a one-dimensional Fermi gas at zero temperature we find that slow swimming is topological: the swimming distance covered in one stroke is quantized in half integer multiples of the Fermi wavelength. In addition, a careful choice of the swimming stroke can eliminate dissipation.
AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00392390; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Martinez Santos, Diego
This LHCb Thesis consists of three main parts. First, characterisation studies of Medipix3 silicon detectors using charged-particle beams in the context of the VELO upgrade: average cluster size and resolution versus threshold have been found to not change significantly between irradiated and non-irradiated assemblies, proving that Medipix3 assemblies are hard-radiation suitable for the development of Timepix3 and Velopix assemblies. Second, measurement of penguin pollution to the $CP$-violating $\\phi_s$ phase using $B_s^0{\\to}J/\\psi{\\phi}$ decays: polarisation fractions and direct CP violation have been found to be in agreement with SM predictions, while penguin pollution have been found to be small and under control. Third, a search of $A_1^0{\\to}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ decays where $A_1^0$ is the light $CP$-odd Higgs boson in the NMSSM: the analysis is not finished yet, however, it is in good shape and a sensible improvement with respect to previous estimations is expected - updates can be found in the LHCb analysis ...
Ideal Quantum Gases with Planck Scale Limitations
Collier, Rainer
2015-01-01
A thermodynamic system of non-interacting quantum particles changes its statistical distribution formulas if there is a universal limitation for the size of energetic quantum leaps (magnitude of quantum leaps smaller than Planck energy). By means of a restriction of the a priori equiprobability postulate one can reach a thermodynamic foundation of these corrected distribution formulas. The number of microstates is determined by means of a suitable counting method and combined with thermodynamics via the Boltzmann principle. The result is that, for particle energies that come close to the Planck energy, the thermodynamic difference between fermion and boson distribution vanishes. Both distributions then approximate a Boltzmann distribution. The wave and particle character of the quantum particles, too, can be influenced by choosing the size of the temperature and particle energy parameters relative to the Planck energy, as you can see from the associated fluctuation formulas. In the case of non-relativistic de...
(2-1)-Ideal amenability of triangular banach algebras
S Etemad; M Ettefagh
2015-05-01
Let $\\mathcal{A}$ and $\\mathcal{B}$ be two unital Banach algebras and let $\\mathcal{M}$ be an unital Banach $\\mathcal{A}$, $\\mathcal{B}$-module. Also, let $\\mathcal{T}=\\left[\\begin{smallmatrix} \\mathcal{A} & \\mathcal{M}\\\\ & \\mathcal{B}\\end{smallmatrix}\\right]$ be the corresponding triangular Banach algebra. Forrest and Marcoux (Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 354 (2002) 1435–1452) have studied the -weak amenability of triangular Banach algebras. In this paper, we investigate (2-1)-ideal amenability of $\\mathcal{T}$ for all ≥ 1. We introduce the structure of ideals of these Banach algebras and then, we show that (2-1)-ideal amenability of $\\mathcal{T}$ depends on (2-1)-ideal amenability of Banach algebras $\\mathcal{A}$ and $\\mathcal{B}$.
Work-Life Balance and Ideal Worker Expectations for Administrators
Wilk, Kelly E.
2016-01-01
This chapter explores the work-life experiences of administrators as well as whether and how the ideal worker model affects those experiences. Departmental and supervisory differences and technology complicate administrators' work-life experiences.
Do the Particles of an Ideal Gas Collide?
Lesk, Arthur M.
1974-01-01
Describes the collisional properties as a logically essential component of the ideal gas model since an actual intraparticle process cannot support observable anisotropic velocity distributions without collisions taken into account. (CC)
Computer program for calculation of ideal gas thermodynamic data
Gordon, S.; Mc Bride, B. J.
1968-01-01
Computer program calculates ideal gas thermodynamic properties for any species for which molecular constant data is available. Partial functions and derivatives from formulas based on statistical mechanics are provided by the program which is written in FORTRAN 4 and MAP.
Sexual body ideal among Zulu women: Continuity and change ...
Sexual body ideal among Zulu women: Continuity and change. ... Among the Zulu in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal Province, overweight and obese women are ... their body weight, size and shape, against the backdrop of an individual's image ...
Work-Life Balance and Ideal Worker Expectations for Administrators
Wilk, Kelly E.
2016-01-01
This chapter explores the work-life experiences of administrators as well as whether and how the ideal worker model affects those experiences. Departmental and supervisory differences and technology complicate administrators' work-life experiences.
EXTREME POINTS IN DIAGONAL-DISJOINT IDEALS OF NEST ALGEBRAS
董浙; 鲁世杰
2002-01-01
In this paper, the extreme points of the unit ball of diagonal-disjoint ideals in nest algebras are characterized completely; Furthermore, it is shown that every extreme point of the unit ball of 2 has essential-norm one.
Fifty years of Cuba's medical diplomacy: from idealism to pragmatism.
Feinsilver, Julie M
2010-01-01
Medical diplomacy, the collaboration between countries to simultaneously produce health benefits and improve relations, has been a cornerstone of Cuban foreign policy since the outset of the revolution fifty years ago. It has helped Cuba garner symbolic capital (goodwill, influence, and prestige) well beyond what would have been possible for a small, developing country, and it has contributed to making Cuba a player on the world stage. In recent years, medical diplomacy has been instrumental in providing considerable material capital (aid, credit, and trade), as the oil-for-doctors deals with Venezuela demonstrates. This has helped keep the revolution afloat in trying economic times. What began as the implementation of the one of the core values of the revolution, namely health as a basic human right for all peoples, has continued as both an idealistic and a pragmatic pursuit. This article examines the factors that enabled Cuba to conduct medical diplomacy over the past fifty years, the rationale behind the conduct of this type of soft power politics, the results of that effort, and the mix of idealism and pragmatism that has characterized the experience. Moreover, it presents a typology of medical diplomacy that Cuba has used over the past fifty years.
Ventilation of the Miocene Arctic Ocean: An idealized model study
Thompson, Bijoy; Nilsson, Johan; Nycander, Jonas; Jakobsson, Martin; Döös, Kristofer
2010-11-01
A model study of an idealized early Miocene Arctic Ocean has been undertaken. The work is motivated by the first drill core retrieved from the Lomonosov Ridge in the central Arctic Ocean, which suggests a transition from anoxic to oxic condition during the early Miocene, a feature presumably related to the opening of the Fram Strait. Here, the ventilation in a semienclosed basin, connected with the ocean through a strait with a sill, is examined using an ocean circulation model that includes a passive age tracer. In particular, we investigate how the ventilation depends on strait geometry, freshwater influx, and surface wind stress. We find that the turnover time, characterizing the bulk ventilation rate, is primarily controlled by the strait width and the wind stress. Generally, the oldest water in the basin is encountered near the sill depth, but wind forcing displaces the oldest water downward. For narrow straits, the turnover time gives an upper bound on the mean age of the basin water. The results have implications when translating local oxygen conditions, recorded in the sediment sequence from the Lomonosov Ridge, to basin-scale circulation patterns. Further, the results indicate that the early Miocene Arctic Ocean became well ventilated when the Fram Strait reached a width of about 100 km.
Ideal Spintronics in Molecule-Based Novel Organometallic Nanowires
Sun, Qilong; Dai, Ying; Ma, Yandong; Wei, Wei; Yu, Lin; Huang, Baibiao
2015-08-01
With the purpose of searching for new intriguing nanomaterial for spintronics, a series of novel metalloporphyrin nanowires (M-PPNW, M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn) and hybrid nanowires fabricated by metalloporphyrin and metal-phthalocyanine (M-PCNW) are systematically investigated by means of first-principles calculations. Our results indicate that the transition metal atoms (TMs) embedded in the frameworks distribute regularly and separately, without any trend to form clusters, thus leading to the ideally ordered spin distribution. Except for the cases embedded with Ni and Zn, the others are spin-polarized. Remarkably, the Mn-PPNW, Mn-PCNW, MnCu-PPNW, MnCr-PCNW, and MnCu-PCNW frameworks all favor the long-ranged ferromagnetic spin ordering and display half-metallic nature, which are of greatest interest and importance for electronics and spintronics. The predicted Curie temperature for the Mn-PCNW is about 150 K. In addition, it is found that the discrepancy in magnetic coupling for these materials is related to the competition mechanisms of through-bond and through-space exchange interactions. In the present work, we propose not only two novel sets of 1D frameworks with appealing magnetic properties, but also a new strategy in obtaining the half-metallic materials by the combination of different neighboring TMs.
Group choice: the ideal free distribution of human social behavior.
Kraft, J R; Baum, W M
2001-07-01
Group choice refers to the distribution of group members between two choice alternatives over time. The ideal free distribution (IFD), an optimal foraging model from behavioral ecology, predicts that the ratio of foragers at two resource sites should equal the ratio of obtained resources, a prediction that is formally analogous to the matching law of individual choice, except that group choice is a social phenomenon. Two experiments investigated the usefulness of IFD analyses of human group choice and individual-based explanations that might account for the group-level events. Instead of nonhuman animals foraging at two sites for resources, a group of humans chose blue and red cards to receive points that could earn cash prizes. The groups chose blue and red cards in ratios in positive relation to the ratios of points associated with the cards. When group choice ratios and point ratios were plotted on logarithmic coordinates and fitted with regression lines, the slopes (i.e., sensitivity measures) approached 1.0 but tended to fall short of it (i.e., undermatching), with little bias and little unaccounted for variance. These experiments demonstrate that an IFD analysis of group choice is possible and useful, and suggest that group choice may be explained by the individual members' tendency to optimize reinforcement.
Ideal Spintronics in Molecule-Based Novel Organometallic Nanowires.
Sun, Qilong; Dai, Ying; Ma, Yandong; Wei, Wei; Yu, Lin; Huang, Baibiao
2015-08-04
With the purpose of searching for new intriguing nanomaterial for spintronics, a series of novel metalloporphyrin nanowires (M-PPNW, M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn) and hybrid nanowires fabricated by metalloporphyrin and metal-phthalocyanine (M-PCNW) are systematically investigated by means of first-principles calculations. Our results indicate that the transition metal atoms (TMs) embedded in the frameworks distribute regularly and separately, without any trend to form clusters, thus leading to the ideally ordered spin distribution. Except for the cases embedded with Ni and Zn, the others are spin-polarized. Remarkably, the Mn-PPNW, Mn-PCNW, MnCu-PPNW, MnCr-PCNW, and MnCu-PCNW frameworks all favor the long-ranged ferromagnetic spin ordering and display half-metallic nature, which are of greatest interest and importance for electronics and spintronics. The predicted Curie temperature for the Mn-PCNW is about 150 K. In addition, it is found that the discrepancy in magnetic coupling for these materials is related to the competition mechanisms of through-bond and through-space exchange interactions. In the present work, we propose not only two novel sets of 1D frameworks with appealing magnetic properties, but also a new strategy in obtaining the half-metallic materials by the combination of different neighboring TMs.
Goldfarb, Jillian L; Suuberg, Eric M
2010-08-01
Despite the relatively small atomic fraction of a given heteroatom in a binary mixture of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC), the inclusion of heteroatomic substituted compounds can significantly impact mixture vapor pressure behavior over a wide range of temperatures. The vapor pressures of several binary PAC mixtures containing various heteroatoms show varying behavior, from practically ideal behavior following Raoult's law to significant deviations from ideality depending on the heteroatom(s) present in the mixture. Mixtures were synthesized using the quench-cool technique with equimolar amounts of two PAC, both containing heteroatoms such as aldehyde, carboxyl, nitrogen, and sulfur substituent groups. For some mixtures, deviation from ideality is inversely related to temperature, though in other cases we see deviations from ideality increasing with temperature, whereas some appear independent of temperature. Most commonly we see lower vapor pressures than predicted by Raoult's law, which indicates that the interacting heteroatoms prefer the solid mixture phase as opposed to the vapor phase. Although negative deviations predominate from Raoult's Law, the varying mixtures investigated show both higher and lower enthalpies and entropies of sublimation than predicted. In each mixture, a higher enthalpy of sublimation leads to higher entropy of sublimation than predicted, and vice versa.