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Sample records for reduction surgeries comparison

  1. Reduction Mammoplasty: A Comparison Between Operations Performed by Plastic Surgery and General Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kordahi, Anthony M; Hoppe, Ian C; Lee, Edward S

    2015-01-01

    Reduction mammoplasty is an often-performed procedure by plastic surgeons and increasingly by general surgeons. The question has been posed in both general surgical literature and plastic surgical literature as to whether this procedure should remain the domain of surgical specialists. Some general surgeons are trained in breast reductions, whereas all plastic surgeons receive training in this procedure. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project provides a unique opportunity to compare the 2 surgical specialties in an unbiased manner in terms of preoperative comorbidities and 30-day postoperative complications. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database was queried for the years 2005-2012. Patients were identified as having undergone a reduction mammoplasty by Current Procedural Terminology codes. RESULTS were refined to include only females with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code of 611.1 (hypertrophy of breasts). Information was collected regarding age, surgical specialty performing procedure, body mass index, and other preoperative variables. The outcomes utilized were presence of superficial surgical site infection, presence of deep surgical site infection, presence of wound dehiscence, postoperative respiratory compromise, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, perioperative transfusion, operative time, reintubation, reoperation, and length of hospital stay. During this time period, there were 6239 reduction mammaplasties performed within the National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database: 339 by general surgery and 5900 by plastic surgery. No statistical differences were detected between the 2 groups with regard to superficial wound infections, deep wound infections, organ space infections, or wound dehiscence. There were no significant differences noted between within groups with regard to systemic postoperative complications. Patients undergoing a procedure by general surgery were more likely

  2. Breast Reduction Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to achieve a breast size proportionate to your body. Breast reduction surgery might also help improve your self-image and self-confidence and your ability to participate in physical activities. ...

  3. Comparison of surgical conditions in 2 different anesthesia techniques of esmolol-induced controlled hypotension in breast reduction surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besir, Ahmet; Cekic, Bahanur; Kutanis, Dilek; Akdogan, Ali; Livaoglu, Murat

    2017-03-01

    Breast reduction surgery is a common cosmetic surgery with a high incidence of blood loss and transfusion. In this surgery, the reduction of blood loss related to surgical manipulation and the volume of resected tissue is a target. In the present study, we compared the effects of esmolol-induced controlled hypotension on surgical visibility, surgical bleeding, and the duration of surgery in patients anesthetized with propofol/remifentanil (PR) or sevoflurane/remifentanil (SR). Patients in the American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II risk group undergoing breast reduction surgery were prospectively randomized into PR (n = 25) and SR (n = 25) groups. Controlled hypotension was induced with esmolol in both groups. During the intraoperative period, the heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), operation duration, volume of intraoperative blood loss, volume of blood received through postoperative drains, volume of resected tissues, and surgical area bleeding score were recorded. The duration of operation in the incisional period was shorter in group PR compared to group SR (P = 0.04). The change in HR was lower in incision and hemostasis periods in the group PR compared to the group SR (P controlled hypotension, the effect of propofol + remifentanil anesthesia on the duration of incisional surgery, surgical visibility, and volume of surgical blood loss was more reliable and effective compared to that of sevoflurane + remifentanil, which seems to be an advantage.

  4. Comparison of Intravenous Morphine with Sublingual Buprenorphine in Management of Postoperative Pain after Closed Reduction Orthopedic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasem Soltani

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative pain is a common side effect following surgery that can significantly reduce surgical quality and patient’s satisfaction. Treatment options are morphine and buprenorphine. We aimed to compare the efficacy of a single dose of intravenous morphine with sublingual buprenorphine in postoperative pain control following closed reduction surgery. Methods: This triple blind clinical trial was conducted on 90 patients referred for closed reduction orthopedic surgery. They were older than 18 years and in classes I and II of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA with an operation time of 30-90 minutes. Patients were divided into two groups of buprenorphine (4.5μg/kg sublingually and morphine (0.2mg/kg intravenously. Baseline characteristics, vital signs, pain score, level of sedation and pharmacological side effects were recorded in the recovery room (at 0 and 30 minutes, and in the ward (at 3, 6 and 12 hours. SPSS version 19 software was used for data analysis and the significance level was set at P Results: Ninety patients were studied, 60 males and 30 females with a mean age of 37.7±16.2 years. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of baseline characteristics.Pain score in the morphine group was significantly higher than the buprenorphine group with an average score of 2.5 (P

  5. Comparison of Intravenous Morphine with Sublingual Buprenorphine in Management of Postoperative Pain after Closed Reduction Orthopedic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasem Soltani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative pain is a common side effect following surgery that can significantly reduce surgical quality and patient’s satisfaction. Treatment options are morphine and buprenorphine. We aimed to compare the efficacy of a single dose of intravenous morphine with sublingual buprenorphine in postoperative pain control following closed reduction surgery. Methods: This triple blind clinical trial was conducted on 90 patients referred for closed reduction orthopedic surgery. They were older than 18 years and in classes I and II of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA with an operation time of 30-90 minutes. Patients were divided into two groups of buprenorphine (4.5μg/kg sublingually and morphine (0.2mg/kg intravenously. Baseline characteristics, vital signs, pain score, level of sedation and pharmacological side effects were recorded in the recovery room (at 0 and 30 minutes, and in the ward (at 3, 6 and 12 hours. SPSS version 19 software was used for data analysis and the significance level was set at P Results: Ninety patients were studied, 60 males and 30 females with a mean age of 37.7±16.2 years. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of baseline characteristics.Pain score in the morphine group was significantly higher than the buprenorphine group with an average score of 2.5 (P

  6. Reduction of allogeneic red blood cell usage during cardiac surgery by an integrated intra- and postoperative blood salvage strategy: results of a randomized comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weltert, Luca; Nardella, Saverio; Rondinelli, Maria Beatrice; Pierelli, Luca; De Paulis, Ruggero

    2013-04-01

    The amount of allogeneic blood transfusion may relate to worse outcome in cardiac surgery. The reinfusion of red blood cells (RBCs) lost by patients, including those of chest drains, is a promising strategy to minimize allogeneic transfusions. To verify this hypotheis, 1047 cardiac surgery patients were randomly assigned to either traditional intraoperative blood salvage followed by chest drain insertion or intra- and postoperative strategy with the Haemonetics cardioPAT system. Allogeneic RBC transfusion rate (primary endpoint) and postoperative complications (secondary endpoint) were recorded at the time of discharge from the hospital and at first month follow-up visit, respectively. The cardioPAT arm received 1.20 units of allogeneic RBCs per patient, whereas the control group required 2.11 units per patient, and this difference proved to be highly significant (p=0.02). We observed a comparable 45-day mortality rate but a lower rate of deep vein thrombosis (p=0.04) and atrial fibrillation (p=0.04) in the cardioPAT arm. A significant reduction in patient exposure to allogeneic RBCs was observed in the cardioPAT system arm. Complications were slightly less frequent in the cardioPAT group. The use of the cardioPAT is a safe and effective strategy to reduce allogeneic RBC transfusions in cardiac surgery. © 2012 American Association of Blood Banks.

  7. Lung volume reduction surgery for diffuse emphysema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Agteren, Joseph Em; Carson, Kristin V; Tiong, Leong Ung; Smith, Brian J

    2016-10-14

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) performed to treat patients with severe diffuse emphysema was reintroduced in the nineties. Lung volume reduction surgery aims to resect damaged emphysematous lung tissue, thereby increasing elastic properties of the lung. This treatment is hypothesised to improve long-term daily functioning and quality of life, although it may be costly and may be associated with risks of morbidity and mortality. Ten years have passed since the last version of this review was prepared, prompting us to perform an update. The objective of this review was to gather all available evidence from randomised controlled trials comparing the effectiveness of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) versus non-surgical standard therapy in improving health outcomes for patients with severe diffuse emphysema. Secondary objectives included determining which subgroup of patients benefit from LVRS and for which patients LVRS is contraindicated, to establish the postoperative complications of LVRS and its morbidity and mortality, to determine which surgical approaches for LVRS are most effective and to calculate the cost-effectiveness of LVRS. We identified RCTs by using the Cochrane Airways Group Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) register, in addition to the online clinical trials registers. Searches are current to April 2016. We included RCTs that studied the safety and efficacy of LVRS in participants with diffuse emphysema. We excluded studies that investigated giant or bullous emphysema. Two independent review authors assessed trials for inclusion and extracted data. When possible, we combined data from more than one study in a meta-analysis using RevMan 5 software. We identified two new studies (89 participants) in this updated review. A total of 11 studies (1760 participants) met the entry criteria of the review, one of which accounted for 68% of recruited participants. The quality of evidence ranged from low to moderate owing to an unclear risk

  8. The Comparison of Preemptive Oral Tramadol, Gabapentin Tramadol and Parasetamol Tramadol Combination on the Efficacy of Postoperative Pain Control in Breast Reduction Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muge Can

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Application of tramadol by intravenous patient controlled analgesia (PCA is a routine method for controlling postoperative pain in the breast reduction operations. It was aimed to compare the efficacy of preemptive oral gabapentin/tramadol and parasetamol/tramadol combination usage on the postoperatif tramadol consumption in patients undergoing breast reduction operation. Material and Methods: Our study was held on 54 patients (ASA I-III, aged between 18-65 yr undergoing breast reduction operation. Patients randomly divided into three groups. Group I were received 600mg tablet gabapentin and 35mg drop tramadol one hour before the operation. Group II were received 500mg tablet parasetamol and 35mg drop tramadol one hour before the operation. Group III (Control group were received 35mg drop tramadol one hour before the operation. 30 minutes before the end of operation, 1mg/kg i.v. tramadol and 10mg metoklopramid HCL three groups were administred. After the end of operation, three groups were started to receive tramadol infusion and intravenous patient controlled analgesia (PCA application (300 mg diluated with 0,09% 100cc SF, 0,2 mg/kg PCA, 15 min locked in time. Peroperative SpO2, KH, SKB, DKB, extubation, disillusion, response time to the verbal stimuli, postoperative pain scores (VRS, VAS, total tramadol consumption, additional analgesic need and side effects (nausea and vomiting, diplopia, dizziness were recorded and evaluated. Results: Peroperative SpO2, KH, SKB, DKB, extubation, disillusion, response time to the verbal stimuli, postoperative pain scores (VRS, VAS, total tramadol consumption, additional analgesic need and side effects of groups were similar to each other. Peroperative second hour DKB values and postoperative twelfth hour additional analgesic need of second group was found higher compared to other groups. There were no significantly differences in the groups except diplopia. It was found higher in favour of the first

  9. [What place for lung volume reduction surgery for emphysema?

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Wolf, J; Bonnette, P; Sage, É; Hamid, A

    2017-02-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has been part of the management for the treatment of selected emphysematous patients for two decades. In a large randomized American trial (NETT), lung volume reduction surgery was shown to improve overall survival at 5 years as well as exercise capacity and health-related quality of life, especially in cases of upper-lobe-predominant emphysema and low exercise capacity. Inclusion criteria were pretreatment FEV1≤45 %, TLC≥100 %, RV≥150 %, room air resting PaCO2≤60mmHg and PaO2≥45mmHg. Patients with FEV1≤20 % and either a DLCOlung volume reduction surgery is performed infrequently, competing with lung transplantation and new endoscopic volume reduction techniques. Copyright © 2016 SPLF. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. How happy are patients with their gynaecomastia reduction surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridha, H; Colville, R J I; Vesely, M J J

    2009-11-01

    Gynaecomastia reduction surgery is a common male cosmetic procedure. Our clinical experience suggested far lower rates of satisfaction than previously reported. Therefore we evaluated our patient group using a detailed questionnaire designed specifically to assess patient satisfaction with breast attributes and quality-of-life outcome following surgery. The questionnaire was sent to all patients who had surgery for gynaecomastia between January 2000 to January 2006. A total of 74 of the 120 patients contacted returned the questionnaire (62% overall response rate). The patients were divided into 3 groups according to their surgical treatment; liposuction only, excision only and combined excision plus liposuction. The majority of patients underwent surgery for reasons of self-confidence and emotional distress. In all groups surgery resulted in an increase in the mean Likert score (LS). The overall mean LS, combined from all the questions increased from 1.9 ('dissatisfied') to 3.2 ('neither satisfied nor dissatisfied'). Only 62.5% of all patients treated for gynaecomastia were 'satisfied' to 'very satisfied'. This more detailed study has shown that satisfaction rates are not as high as previously published. Patients must be appropriately counselled preoperatively to ensure they have realistic expectations of what can be achieved with surgery. (c) 2008 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Vibration for Pain Reduction in a Plastic Surgery Clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichhorn, Mitchell George; Karadsheh, Murad Jehad; Krebiehl, Johanna Ruth; Ford, Dawn Marie; Ford, Ronald D

    2016-01-01

    Patients can experience significant pain during routine procedures in the plastic surgery clinic. Methods for clinical pain reduction are often impractical, time-consuming, or ineffective. Vibration is a safe, inexpensive, and highly applicable modality for pain reduction that can be readily utilized for a wide variety of procedures. This study evaluated the use of vibration as a viable pain-reduction strategy in the clinical plastic surgery setting. Patients requiring at least 2 consecutive procedures that are considered painful were enrolled in the study. These included injections, staple removal, and suture removal. In the same patient, one half of the procedures were performed without vibration and the other half with vibration. After completing the procedures, the patients rated their pain with vibration and without vibration. The patient and the researcher also described the experience with a short questionnaire. Twenty-eight patients were enrolled in the study. Patients reported significantly less pain on the Numeric Rating Scale pain scale when vibration was used compared with the control group (p vibration and 1.93 with vibration, and vibration with injections resulted in the greatest improvement. Eighty-six percent of the patients claimed that vibration significantly reduced their pain. Vibration is an effective method of pain reduction. It significantly reduces the pain experienced by patients during minor office procedures. Given its practicality and ease of use, it is a welcome tool in the plastic surgery clinic.

  12. Fibrinogen reduction and coagulation in cardiac surgery: an investigational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gielen, Chantal L I; Grimbergen, Jos; Klautz, Robert J M; Koopman, Jaap; Quax, Paul H A

    2015-09-01

    Fibrinogen as precursor of fibrin plays an essential role in clot formation. There are three main mechanisms associated with a reduction in fibrinogen concentration during cardiac surgery: hemodilution, consumption, and degradation. Moreover, early fibrinogen degradation products (FgDPs) can interfere with normal fibrin formation of intact fibrinogen. The aim of this study was to determine the relative contributions of hemodilution, consumption, and degradation to fibrinogen loss in cardiac surgery and to evaluate the effects fibrinogen degradation products on blood clot formation in vitro. First, fibrin and fibrinogen concentrations, their degradation products, hematocrit, and albumin concentrations were compared in 10 patients before and after isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Second, ex-vivo fibrinogen supplementation experiments were performed. Finally, the effects of purified FgDPs on clotting time and clot firmness were established in vitro in whole blood by ROTEM. Fibrinogen plasma concentration decreased 30% during surgery. This drop appears to be mainly caused by hemodilution, as both hematocrit and albumin levels decreased and no relevant increase in D-dimer levels and FgDPs was observed. Furthermore, the coagulation profile normalized after addition of purified fibrinogen. Early FgDPs demonstrated a significant impact on in-vitro whole blood clotting. Although early FgDPs have a pronounced effect on blood clot formation in vitro and therefore may induce or enhance in vivo coagulopathy, the drop of fibrinogen concentration seen after CABG surgery (using tranexamic acid) is primarily caused by hemodilution.

  13. Objective Effects of Breast Reduction Surgery on Physical Fitness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Jennifer A; Nelson, D Alan; Latham, Kerry P; Kurina, Lianne M

    2018-01-01

    Reduction mammaplasty is known for excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. Although patients report improvements in pain, weight loss, and exercise levels, objective data on physical fitness benefits are limited. Using the Stanford Military Data Repository, we identified 89 US Army active duty women with at least 1 pre- and postoperative Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) who underwent reduction mammaplasty during 2011 to 2014. We used paired t tests to compare pre- and postoperative APFT score means and raw values for push-ups, sit-ups, and the 2-mile run. There were 56 subjects (62.9%) who improved in total APFT scores. Total score means increased from 235.9 preoperatively to 243.4 postoperatively (P = 0.0065). Of 28 subjects with at least 2 APFT scores before and after surgery, 20 (71.4%) improved in total scores. The subgroup's mean total score increased from 237.8 to 251.3 (P = 0.0009). Comparing individual pre- and postprocedure APFTs, all subjects demonstrated a mean 3.9% (SD, 0.1) improvement in total scores, and the subpopulation of 28 improved by 6.3% (SD, 0.1). In all events, mean performance values trended toward better postoperative scores. Differences were statistically significant for the total population for the number of sit-ups (P = 0.035), and, for the subgroup of 28, differences were statistically significant for the total score (P = 0.0009), sit-ups (P = 0.0002), and push-ups (P = 0.0134). Reduction mammaplasty was associated with postoperative physical fitness improvements among US Army active duty women. Soldier data are useful for objectively assessing physical fitness effects of breast reduction surgery.

  14. [Lung volume reduction surgery for severe pulmonary emphysema in Iceland].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnarsson, Sverrir I; Johannsson, Kristinn B; Guðjónsdóttir, Marta; Jónsson, Steinn; Beck, Hans J; Magnusson, Bjorn; Gudbjartsson, Tomas

    2011-12-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) can benefit patients with severe emphysema. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of LVRS performed in Iceland. A prospective study of 16 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral LVRS through median sternotomy between January 1996 and December 2008. All patients had disabling dyspnea, lung hyperinflation, and emphysema with upper lobe predominance. Preoperatively all patients underwent pulmonary rehabilitation. Spirometry, lung volumes, arterial blood gases and exercise capacity were measured before and after surgery. Mean follow-up time was 8.7 years. Mean age was 59.2 ± 5.9 years. All patients had a history of heavy smoking. There was no perioperative mortality and survival was 100%, 93%, and 63% at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. The forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and the forced vital capacity (FVC) improved significantly after surgery by 35% (plung capacity, residual volume and partial pressure of CO2 also showed statistically significant improvements but exercise capacity, O2 consumption and diffusing capacity of the lung for CO did not change. Prolonged air leak (≥ 7 days) was the most common complication (n=7). Five patients required reoperation, most commonly for sternal dehiscence (n=4). In this small prospective study, FEV1 and FVC increased and lung volumes and PaCO2 improved after LVRS. Long term survival was satisfactory although complications such as reoperations for sternal dehiscence were common and hospital stay therefore often prolonged.

  15. Lung volume reduction surgery since the National Emphysema Treatment Trial: study of Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Marquita R; Leverson, Glen E; Jaoude, Wassim Abi; Maloney, James D

    2014-12-01

    The National Emphysema Treatment Trial demonstrated that lung volume reduction surgery is an effective treatment for emphysema in select patients. With chronic lower respiratory disease being the third leading cause of death in the United States, this study sought to assess practice patterns and outcomes for lung volume reduction surgery on a national level since the National Emphysema Treatment Trial. Aggregate statistics on lung volume reduction surgery reported in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database from January 2003 to June 2011 were analyzed to assess procedure volume, preoperative and operative characteristics, and outcomes. Comparisons with published data from the National Emphysema Treatment Trial were made using chi-square and 2-sided t tests. In 8.5 years, 538 patients underwent lung volume reduction surgery, with 20 to 118 cases reported in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database per year. When compared with subjects in the National Emphysema Treatment Trial, subjects in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database were younger (P volume in 1 second was 31% versus 28% of predicted (P lung volume reduction surgery. It underscores the need for dedicated centers to increasingly address the heavy burden of chronic lower respiratory disease in the United States in a multidisciplinary fashion, particularly for preoperative evaluation and postoperative management of emphysema. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. New trends in breast reconstructive surgery: "Florentine Lily" reductive mastoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogliani, M; Gentile, P; Trimarco, A; Labardi, L; Brinci, L; Palla, L; Cervelli, V

    2010-06-01

    To describe a mammoplasty technique that we called "Florentine Lily" because of the shape of the pre-operative drawings similarity with the symbol lily Florentine. In a group of 190 women who underwent reductive mammoplasty, 23 women affected by severe enlarged breasts were selected. Main selection requirements were: 18-30 cm rising of the Areola-Nipple Complex (NAC). to obtain a functional and cosmetic result; preservation of mammary gland function; vitality of the areola-nipple complex and its sensitivity. We describe the case of 35 years old woman affected by severe enlargement of the breast and no pathologies. We didn't observe necrosis of the skin flaps and NAC in any case. In one case (rising of Nipple-Areola Complex >25 cm) NAC showed NAC 2 days post-surgery, which spontaneously resolved. Minor complications (edema and ematoma) developed in 20 cases. No infections were observed.

  17. Repeated lung volume reduction surgery is successful in selected patients.

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    Kostron, Arthur; Horn-Tutic, Michaela; Franzen, Daniel; Kestenholz, Peter; Schneiter, Didier; Opitz, Isabelle; Kohler, Malcolm; Weder, Walter

    2015-11-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) improves dyspnoea, quality of life and may even prolong survival in carefully selected patients with end-stage emphysema. The benefit may be sustained for several years and vanishes with the natural progression of the disease. Data on repeated surgical treatment of emphysema are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, effects and outcomes of repeated LVRS (Re-LVRS) in patients no longer benefiting from their initial LVRS. Between June 2002 and December 2013, 22 patients (9 females) with advanced emphysema underwent Re-LVRS at a median of 60 months (25-196) after their initial LVRS. While initial LVRS was performed thoracoscopically as a bilateral procedure, Re-LVRS was performed unilaterally by a video-assisted thoracoscopic technique in 19 patients and, due to adhesions, by thoracotomy in 3 patients. Pulmonary function test (PFT) was performed at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. Lung function at Re-LVRS was similar to that prior to the first LVRS. The 90-day mortality rate was 0%. The first patient died 15 months postoperatively. The median hospitalization time after Re-LVRS was significantly longer compared with the initial LVRS [14 days, interquartile range (IQR): 11-19, vs 9 days, IQR: 8-14; P = 0.017]. The most frequent complication was prolonged air leak with a median drainage time of 11 days (IQR: 6-13); reoperations due to persistent air leak were necessary in 7 patients (32%). Five patients (23%) had no complications. Lung function and Medical Research Council (MRC) score improved significantly for up to 12 months after Re-LVRS, with results similar to those after initial bilateral LVRS. The average increase in the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) was 25% (a 7% increase over the predicted value or 0.18 l) at 3 months, and the mean reduction in hyperinflation, assessed by relative decrease in RV/TLC (residual volume/total lung capacity), was 12% at 3 months (a decrease of 8% in absolute ratios

  18. Timing of surgery for open reduction and internal fixation of displaced proximal humeral fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebenbürger, Georg; Van Delden, Dustin; Helfen, Tobias; Haasters, Florian; Böcker, Wolfgang; Ockert, Ben

    2015-10-01

    Open reduction and internal fixation is one established method for treatment of displaced fractures of the proximal humerus. However, the timing of surgery and its effect on complications have not yet been investigated in the literature. Hence, aim of this study was to analyze the occurrence of complication following locked plating of proximal humeral fractures when surgery was delayed in comparison to early intervention. Between February 2002 and November 2010, 497 patients with displaced proximal humeral fractures were treated by open reduction and locked plating. 329 patients were available for follow-up with a minimum of 12 months after surgery. Outcome analysis included radiographic evidence of loss of fixation (> 10° of secondary displacement), screw-cutout and avascular head necrosis. Outcomes were analyzed with regards to age, gender and fracture pattern and were compared between time intervals in which the primary surgery had been conducted; early intervention (5 days). Of 329 patients (68.4% women; median age at time of surgery: 69.9 years, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 68.2, 71.2) the median time between fracture incident and surgical intervention was 3.2 days (95%CI: 3.1, 3.3). Surgery was performed in a 2-part fracture at a median of 3.3 days (95%CI: 3.2, 3.4) after trauma, in a 3-part fracture after 3.3 days (95%CI: 3.1, 3.4), in a 4-part fracture 2.9 days (95%CI: 2.8, 3.0), in head split type fracture 2.2 days (95%CI: 2.0, 2.4) and in dislocation type fracture 0.8 days after trauma (95%CI: 0.7, 0.9, p = 0.40). Loss of fixation was observed in 12.8% (n = 42 patients), of which in 4.9% (n = 16) screw cutout was evident and in 6.8% of cases (n = 20) avascular head necrosis was diagnosed. Patients in which complication was observed were treated at median 2.5 days after trauma (95% CI, 1.8, 3.2), in comparison, patients without evidence of complications were treated at a median of 3.2 days (95% CI, 2.8-3.8, p = 0.35). The odds ratio regarding occurrence

  19. Operating room waste reduction in plastic and hand surgery

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Albert, Mark G; Rothkopf, Douglas M

    2015-01-01

    ...; however, its importance in the OR has not been demonstrated. Objective To propose a method of decreasing cost through judicious selection of instruments and supplies, and initiation of recycling in plastic and hand surgery...

  20. Operating room waste reduction in plastic and hand surgery

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Albert, Mark G; Rothkopf, Douglas M

    2015-01-01

    ...; however, its importance in the OR has not been demonstrated. To propose a method of decreasing cost through judicious selection of instruments and supplies, and initiation of recycling in plastic and hand surgery...

  1. Increased oxygen pulse after lung volume reduction surgery is associated with reduced dynamic hyperinflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammi, Matthew R; Ciccolella, David; Marchetti, Nathaniel; Kohler, Malcolm; Criner, Gerard J

    2012-10-01

    Stroke volume augmentation during exercise is limited in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients because of decreased preload from dynamic hyperinflation (DH). We hypothesised that oxygen pulse and pulse pressure (PP) improve following lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS), and the magnitude of improvement correlates with reduction in DH. We compared 16 emphysema patients undergoing LVRS with six emphysema patients not undergoing LVRS. Oxygen pulse and PP were calculated from maximal cardiopulmonary exercise tests at baseline and 6 months. End-expiratory lung volume (EELV)/total lung capacity (TLC) represented DH. Comparisons were made between baseline and 6 months at metabolic isotimes (per cent maximal carbon dioxide production (V'(CO(2),max))). At baseline, the LVRS group was older with higher forced expiratory volume in 1 s, but had similar hyperinflation to the non-LVRS group. At 6 months, oxygen pulse (50%, 75%, and 100% V'(CO(2),max)) and PP (50% and 75% V'(CO(2),max)) increased in the LVRS, but not in the non-LVRS group. Baseline functional residual capacity/TLC inversely correlated with resting oxygen pulse (r= -0.449, p=0.04). Decreased EELV/TLC correlated with increased oxygen pulse at 75% (r= -0.487, p=0.02) and 100% V'(CO(2),max) (r= -0.548, p=0.008). LVRS led to increased oxygen pulse and PP during exercise at metabolic isotimes 6 months following surgery. Reductions in DH correlated with increases in oxygen pulse during exercise. Reducing lung volume may improve stroke volume response to exercise by decreasing DH.

  2. The impact of breast reduction surgery on breastfeeding: Systematic review of observational studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraut, Roni Y; Brown, Erin; Korownyk, Christina; Katz, Lauren S; Vandermeer, Ben; Babenko, Oksana; Gross, M Shirley; Campbell, Sandy; Allan, G Michael

    2017-01-01

    Almost half a million breast reduction surgeries are performed internationally each year, yet it is unclear how this type of surgery impacts breastfeeding. This is particularly important given the benefits of breastfeeding. To determine if breast reduction surgery impacts breastfeeding success and whether different surgical techniques differentially impact breast feeding success. Databases were searched up to September 5, 2017. Studies were included if they reported the number of women successful at breastfeeding or lactation after breast reduction surgery, and if they reported either the total number of women who had children following breast reduction surgery, or the total number of women who attempted to breastfeed following surgery. Of 1,212 studies, 51 studies met the inclusion criteria; they were located worldwide and had 31 distinct breast reduction techniques. The percentage of breastfeeding success among studies was highly variable. However, when analyzed by the preservation of the column of parenchyma from the nipple areola complex to the chest wall (subareolar parenchyma), a clear pattern emerged. The median breastfeeding success was 4% (interquartile range (IQR) 0-38%) for techniques with no preservation, compared to 75% (IQR 37-100%) for techniques with partial preservation and 100% (IQR 75-100%) for techniques with full preservation. Techniques that preserve the column of subareolar parenchyma appear to have a greater likelihood of successful breastfeeding. The preservation of the column of subareolar parenchyma should be disclosed to women prior to surgery. Guidelines on the best breast reduction techniques to be used in women of child bearing years may be advantageous to ensure women have the greatest potential for successful breastfeeding after breast reduction surgery.

  3. Osteomalacia induced peripheral neuropathy after obesity reduction surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samhita Panda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomalacia and rickets are important reversible causes of debilitating muscular weakness and bony pains in India among all socio-economic strata and at all ages. Osteomalacia after bariatric surgery is documented in literature. Most reports on osteomalacic weakness note myopathic pattern on electromyography. We present the case of a young obese girl from a good socio-economic status who developed severe muscular weakness after sleeve gastrectomy surgery. The patient was found to have osteomalacia with normal vitamin B12 and folate levels. Electrodiagnostic studies demonstrated neuropathic pattern while radiological tests confirmed osteopenia and Looser′s zones. Specific vitamin D supplementation was associated with improvement though contribution of other micronutrients in diet cannot be ruled out. Relevance of vitamin D deficiency and urgent need for its correction in the population all over the world and especially in Asia is an emerging health issue. Peripheral motor neuropathy is a rare, seldom reported presentation of osteomalacia.

  4. Comparison of piezosurgery and traditional saw in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinelli, Giuseppe; Lazzeri, Davide; Conti, Marco; Agostini, Tommaso; Mannelli, Giuditta

    2014-10-01

    Investigators have hypothesised that piezoelectric surgical device could permanently replace traditional saws in conventional orthognathic surgery. Twelve consecutive patients who underwent bimaxillary procedures were involved in the study. In six patients the right maxillary and mandible osteotomies were performed using traditional saw, whilst the left osteotomies by piezoosteotomy; in the remaining six patients, the surgical procedures were reversed. Intraoperative blood loss, procedure duration time, incision precision, postoperative swelling and haematoma, and nerve impairment were evaluated to compare the outcomes and costs of these two procedures. Compare to traditional mechanical surgery, piezoosteotomy showed a significant intraoperative blood loss reduction of 25% (p = 0.0367), but the mean surgical procedure duration was longer by 35% (p = 0.0018). Moreover, the use of piezoosteotomy for mandible procedure required more time than for the maxillary surgery (p = 0.0003). There was a lower incidence of postoperative haematoma and swelling following piezoosteotomy, and a statistically significant reduction in postoperative nerve impairment (p = 0.003). We believe that piezoelectric device allows surgeons to achieve better results compared to a traditional surgical saw, especially in terms of intraoperative blood loss, postoperative swelling and nerve impairment. This device represents a less aggressive and safer method to perform invasive surgical procedures such as a Le Fort I osteotomy. However, we recommend the use of traditional saw in mandible surgery because it provides more foreseeable outcomes and well-controlled osteotomy. Further studies are needed to analyse whether piezoosteotomy could prevent relapse and promote bony union in larger advancements. Copyright © 2014 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Increasing age impairs outcomes in breast reduction surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shermak, Michele A; Chang, David; Buretta, Kate; Mithani, Suhail; Mallalieu, Jessie; Manahan, Michele

    2011-12-01

    Although multiple breast reduction outcomes studies have been performed, none has specifically identified the impact of advanced age. The authors aimed to study the impact of age on breast reduction outcome. Medical records for all patients billed for Current Procedural Terminology code 19318 over the past 10 years (1999 to 2009) at a large academic institution were analyzed under an institutional review board-approved protocol. A total of 1192 consecutive patients underwent 2156 reduction mammaplasties performed by 17 plastic surgeons over a 10-year period. Breast reduction techniques included inferior pedicle/Wise pattern in 1250 patients (58.9 percent), medial pedicle/Wise pattern in 360 (16.9 percent), superior pedicle/nipple graft in 305 (14.4 percent), superior pedicle/vertical pattern in 206 (9.7 percent), and liposuction in three (0.14 percent). The average patient age was 36 years. Age groups were divided into younger than 40 years, 40 to 50 years, and older than 50 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify significant relationships. Women older than 50 years more likely experienced infection (odds ratio, 2.7; p = 0.003), with trends toward wound healing problems (odds ratio, 1.6; p = 0.09) and reoperative wound débridement (odds ratio, 5.1; p = 0.07). There was a trend toward infection in women aged 40 to 50 years (odds ratio, 1.7; p = 0.08). Advanced age did not exacerbate fat necrosis or seroma development. Age older than 50 years impairs breast reduction outcomes, particularly infection, and may negatively impact wound healing. Hormonal deficiency may partially account for this finding. Risk, IV.

  6. Comparison of Intraocular Pressure Reduction of Initial and Adjunct ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    head cupping, and visual field loss.[1]. Globally, glaucoma is presently the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide with a projected estimate of 79.6 million cases by the year 2020.[2] In. Comparison of Intraocular Pressure. Reduction of Initial and Adjunct Selective. Laser Trabeculoplasty for Primary Open Angle.

  7. Reduction in pulmonary function after CABG surgery is related to postoperative inflammation and hypercortisolemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roncada, Gert; Dendale, Paul; Linsen, Loes; Hendrikx, Marc; Hansen, Dominique

    2015-01-01

    Pulmonary function is significantly reduced in the acute phase after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Because pulmonary function partly depends on respiratory muscle strength, we studied whether reductions in pulmonary function are related to postoperative alterations in circulatory factors that affect muscle protein synthesis. Methods: Slow vital capacity (SVC) was assessed in 22 subjects before and 9 ± 3 days after CABG surgery. Blood testosterone, cortisol, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), growth hormone, sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG), glucose, insulin, c-peptide, c-reactive protein (CRP) content, and free androgen index, cortisol/testosterone ratio, HOMA-IR index were assessed before surgery and during the first three days after surgery. Intubation, surgery time and cumulative chest tube drainage were measured. Correlations between changes in SVC and blood parameters after surgery or subject characteristics were studied. This was a prospective observational study. Results: After CABG surgery SVC decreased by 37 ± 18% (P < 0.01). Free androgen index, blood SHBG, testosterone and IGF-1 content decreased, while HOMA-IR index, cortisol/testosterone ratio, blood growth hormone, insulin and CRP content increased (P < 0.0025) in the first three days after surgery. Decrease in SVC was independently (P < 0.05) related to higher preoperative SVC (SC β = 0.66), and greater increase in blood cortisol (SC β = 0.54) and CRP (SC β = 0.37) content after surgery. Conclusions: Larger reductions in pulmonary function after CABG surgery are present in patients experiencing greater postoperative increases in blood CRP and cortisol levels. Decrements in pulmonary function after CABG surgery are, at least in part, thus related to alterations in circulatory factors that affect muscle protein synthesis. PMID:26379888

  8. Reduction in pulmonary function after CABG surgery is related to postoperative inflammation and hypercortisolemia

    OpenAIRE

    Roncada, Gert; Dendale, Paul; Linsen, Loes; Hendrikx, Marc; Hansen, Dominique

    2015-01-01

    Pulmonary function is significantly reduced in the acute phase after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Because pulmonary function partly depends on respiratory muscle strength, we studied whether reductions in pulmonary function are related to postoperative alterations in circulatory factors that affect muscle protein synthesis. Methods: Slow vital capacity (SVC) was assessed in 22 subjects before and 9 ± 3 days after CABG surgery. Blood testosterone, cortisol, insulin-like grow...

  9. Surgery for the psyche: a longitudinal study of women undergoing reduction mammoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollyman, J A; Lacey, J H; Whitfield, P J; Wilson, J S

    1986-04-01

    This study suggests that surgery is effective in relieving the psychological distress of women requesting reduction mammoplasty for minimal deformity. Eleven young women who applied for operation on the NHS completed measures of psychoneurosis, mood, self-esteem and body perception. Prior to operation they had a distorted body image, low self-esteem and abnormal psychoneurotic profiles. Following surgery body image returned to a normal range; their self-confidence, and view of their femininity and sexual attractiveness were also enhanced. Improvement was maintained during 6 months of follow-up. These results have implications for the NHS provision of cosmetic surgery for such patients.

  10. Evidence and recommendation. Intermitent neuromonitoring in thyroid surgery is usefulness for reduction of recurrent nerve palsy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis PARDAL-REFOYO

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Clinical Question. In a patient with thyroid disease [patient], submitted to thyroidectomy [intervention], the use of neuromonitoring against the single visual identification of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN [comparison], offers advantages? [result]. Material and Methods: Literature review in PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library data descriptors and search strategy: (((((((laryngeal OR larynx AND nerve AND monitoring AND thyroidectomy AND meta-analysis. 10 items in English or Spanish of which 7 were selected for the qualitative study were obtained. Results: Level of evidence. Evidence for the lower incidence of transient unilateral paralysis in patients with neuromonitoring is moderate-high. Evidence on the lower incidence of permanent unilateral paralysis of RLN with NM is low. Evidence on the lower incidence of bilateral paralysis of RLN with neuromonitoring is low. Conclusions: Recommendation. Concerning the reduction of transient paralysis of the RLN the recommendation of the use of neuromonitoring in thyroid surgery is strongly in favor. Regarding permanent paralysis recommendation is weak in favor (no recommendation against. Regarding prevention of bilateral laryngeal paralysis recommendation for weak. The decision to use NM cannot be based on the incidence of RLN paralysis.

  11. Reduction in predicted coronary heart disease risk after substantial weight reduction after bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Jody A; Franklin, Barry A; Zalesin, Kerstyn C; Trivax, Justin E; Krause, Kevin R; Chengelis, David L; McCullough, Peter A

    2007-01-15

    In recent years, bariatric surgery has become an increasingly used therapeutic option for morbid obesity. The effect of weight loss after bariatric surgery on the predicted risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) has not previously been studied. We evaluated baseline (preoperative) and follow-up (postoperative) body mass index, CHD risk factors, and Framingham risk scores (FRSs) for 109 consecutive patients with morbid obesity who lost weight after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Charts were abstracted using a case-report form by a reviewer blinded to the FRS results. The study included 82 women (75%) and 27 men (25%) (mean age 46 +/- 10 years). Mean body mass index values at baseline and follow-up were 49 +/- 8 and 36 +/- 8 kg/m(2), respectively (p <0.0001). During an average follow-up of 17 months, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia resolved or improved after weight loss. Thus, the risks of CHD as predicted by FRS decreased by 39% in men and 25% in women. The predicted 10-year CHD risks at baseline and follow-up were 6 +/- 5% and 4 +/- 3%, respectively (p < or =0.0001). For those without CHD, men compared favorably with the age-matched general population, with a final 10-year risk of 5 +/- 4% versus an expected risk of 11 +/- 6% (p <0.0001). Likewise, women achieved a level below the age-adjusted expected 10-year risk of the general population, with a final risk of 3 +/- 3% versus 6 +/- 4% (p <0.0001). In conclusion, weight loss results in a significant decrease in FRS 10-year predicted CHD risk. Bariatric surgery decreases CHD risk to rates lower than the age- and gender-adjusted estimates for the general population. These data suggest substantial and sustained weight loss after bariatric surgery may be a powerful intervention to decrease future rates of myocardial infarction and death in the morbidly obese.

  12. A case of lung volume reduction surgery with decortication for a septic patient in respiratory failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarazi, M; Mayooran, N; Anwer, M; Anjum, M N; Doddakula, K

    2015-01-01

    Decortication and lung volume reduction surgery are both major operations and each has its independent risk of morbidity and mortality. We present the case of a 41 year old gentleman with left sided empyema and giant bullae of the upper lobe with an active air leak that was transferred to our tertiary referral centre for further management. We performed emergency left thoracotomy, decorticated the left lower lobe with extensive lung volume reduction surgery of the upper lobe. Patient's respiratory status significantly improved along with excellent radiological results. Our case demonstrates that a combination of complex procedures is feasible with excellent outcomes. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  13. Age-Related Effects of Bariatric Surgery on Early Atherosclerosis and Cardiovascular Risk Reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonker, Frederik H W; van Houten, Vera A A; Wijngaarden, Leontine H; Klaassen, René A; de Smet, André A E A; Niezen, André; Schelfhout, Lodewijk J D M; Bruning, Tobias A; van der Harst, Erwin

    2017-10-17

    Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is increasingly used as a prognostic indicator for early atherosclerosis and the development of cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study is to assess the exact effects of bariatric surgery on CIMT reduction in different age groups. CIMT was measured just proximal to the bifurcation of the carotid artery in 166 patients with mean body mass index of 43.4 kg/m2 before and at 6 and 12 months after bariatric surgery. Preoperative CIMT and Framingham Risk Score (FRS) were compared to measurements at 6 and 12 months, postoperatively. Impact of age on CIMT change and cardiovascular risk reduction was analyzed. Median follow-up was 12 months; 12% were lost to follow-up. Mean CIMT values at 12 months after bariatric surgery were significantly lower compared to baseline (0.619 vs. 0.587 mm, p = 0.005 in women and 0.675 vs. 0.622 mm, p = 0.037 in men, respectively), and these effects were statistically significant in all age groups. The mean reduction of CIMT for patients bariatric surgery, FRS had decreased with 52% in patients Bariatric surgery resulted in a significant CIMT decrease in patients with morbid obesity in all evaluated age categories. These beneficial effects of bariatric surgery were more pronounced in younger patients, while cardiovascular risk reduction by bariatric surgery appeared inferior in patients of 50 years and older.

  14. Randomized clinical trial examining psychosocial and quality of life benefits of bilateral breast reduction surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwuagwu, O C; Walker, L G; Stanley, P W; Hart, N B; Platt, A J; Drew, P J

    2006-03-01

    The aim was to determine the effects of bilateral reduction mammaplasty on quality of life and psychosocial functioning in women with mammary hypertrophy. Seventy-three women who were referred to either the Hull Breast Unit or Hull Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Unit were randomized to early or delayed surgery. Both groups had quality of life and psychosocial assessment. Each group underwent two sets of tests. Women who had early bilateral breast reduction were tested before and at 4 months after surgery, whereas those in the control group were tested at the time of randomization and 4 months later, before undergoing surgery. All 73 women completed the study. Mean age was 39 years, and the two groups were well matched for age, body mass index and breast dimension. There were highly significant differences between groups in scores measured on the Functional Assessment of Non-Life Threatening Conditions version 4, EuroQoL, and both mental and physical scales of Short Form 36 (P emotional stability in the early treatment group. Reduction mammaplasty significantly improved quality of life, and increased extroversion and emotional stability. Copyright (c) 2005 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Same-Day Surgery Preparation: Reduction of Pediatric Patient Arousal and Distress through Participant Modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faust, Jan; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Children (n=26) were exposed to one of three surgery preparatory conditions: participant modeling alone, participant modeling with mother, and standard procedure control. Children exposed to modeling alone had significant reductions in physiological arousal after treatment compared to other groups. Both modeling groups exhibited significantly…

  16. Surgical site infection reduction bundle in patients with gynecologic cancer undergoing colon surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiavone, Maria B; Moukarzel, Lea; Leong, Kam; Zhou, Qin C; Afonso, Anoushka M; Iasonos, Alexia; Roche, Kara Long; Leitao, Mario M; Chi, Dennis S; Abu-Rustum, Nadeem R; Zivanovic, Oliver

    2017-10-01

    Surgical site infections (SSIs) can lead to substantial morbidity, prolonged hospitalization, increased costs, and death in patients undergoing colorectal procedures. We sought to investigate the effect of using an SSI reduction bundle on the rate of SSIs in gynecologic cancer patients undergoing colon surgery. We identified all gynecologic cancer patients who underwent colon resection at our institution from 2014 to 2016, during which time a service-wide SSI reduction bundle was introduced. The intervention included preoperative oral antibiotics with optional mechanical bowel preparation, skin preparation with antibacterial solution, and the use of a separate surgical closing tray. SSI rates were assessed within 30days post-surgery. Of 233 identified patients, 115 had undergone colon surgery prior to (PRE) and 118 after (POST) the implementation of the intervention. A low anterior resection was the most common colon surgery in both cohorts. The incidence of SSI within 30days of surgery was 43/115 (37%) in the PRE and 14/118 (12%) in the POST cohorts (p≤0.001). Wound dehiscence was noted in 30/115 (26%) and 2/118 (2%) patients, respectively (p≤0.001). In patients whose operation took longer than 360min, 30-day SSI rates were 37% (28/76) and 12% (8/67), respectively (p≤0.001). In patients with an estimated blood loss >500cm3, SSI rates were 44% (27/62) and 15% (10/67), respectively (p≤0.001). The implementation of an SSI reduction bundle was associated with a significant reduction in 30-day SSIs in these patients. The intervention remained effective in patients undergoing longer operations and in those with increased blood loss. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. A randomized prospective study of prophylactic cloxacillin in breast reduction surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewin, Richard; Elander, Anna; Thorarinsson, Andri; Kölby, Lars; Sahlin, Per-Erik; Lundberg, Jonas; Panczel, Alexander; Lidén, Mattias

    2015-01-01

    Postoperative infection after breast reduction surgery is a common complication, with the most commonly involved pathogen being Staphylococcus aureus. Previous studies of antibiotic prophylaxis in breast reduction surgery have been inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of prophylactic antibiotics in breast reduction surgery. In total, 325 women were randomized to antibiotic prophylaxis [with 2 g of cloxacillin intravenously (IV) or 600 mg of clindamycin IV] (intervention group) or no antibiotic prophylaxis (control group). Follow-up was conducted at 1 and 2 weeks postoperatively. Patients with signs of infections or other complications were followed up until resolution. Patients who received antibiotic treatment within 30 days from surgery (cloxacillin 750 mg or clindamycin 300 mg orally) were considered having an infection and this was the main outcome variable. All postoperative infections were also judged according to a graded scale. In the intervention group, 26 (16.0%) patients were treated with antibiotic; and in the control group, 32 (19.6%) patients were treated with antibiotics. No difference was found between the groups (relative risk, 0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-1.31; P = 0.49). Twenty-two (14%) patients in the intervention group were classified to have a possible infection according to the scale compared to 27 (17%) in the control group. No statistical difference was found (relative risk, 0.81; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-1.37; P = 0.54). Prophylactic cloxacillin as a single-dose IV in breast reduction surgery does not reduce the incidence of postoperative infections.

  18. Comparison of Lidocaine Gel-Assisted Transconjunctival and Transcutaneous Local Anesthesia for Outpatient Eyelid Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafailov, Leon; Kulak, Amy; Weedon, Jeremy; Shinder, Roman

    2015-01-01

    Determine whether transconjunctival local anesthesia using 2% lidocaine gel decreases pain perception in comparison with transcutaneous anesthesia in patients undergoing outpatient eyelid surgery. This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. This study approved by an institutional review board and adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. A total of 120 patients undergoing bilateral upper or lower eyelid surgery were enlisted. Topical 2% lidocaine gel was administered to the palpebral conjunctiva for 1 minute, followed by a local transconjunctival injection. Local anesthetic was administered to the contralateral eyelid by a transcutaneous approach without use of topical anesthetic. Both injections were 1 ml of 1% lidocaine with epinephrine 1:100,000 on a 30-gauge needle. After each injection, patients rated the pain on a 0-to-10 visual analog scale. Patients were also asked for preference between the 2 sides. The mean pain scores were 2.33 (standard deviation 0.98) for the transconjunctival side and 3.42 (standard deviation 0.88) for the transcutaneous side. The reduction in pain scores for lidocaine gel-treated sides was statistically significant (p local anesthesia in conjunction with topical anesthesia with 2% lidocaine gel provides a clinically and statistically significant decrease in perceived pain when compared with transcutaneous anesthesia in patients undergoing outpatient eyelid surgery.

  19. Genetic response in masseter muscle after orthognathic surgery in comparison with healthy controls - A Microarray study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marewski, Maya; Petto, Carola; Schneider, Matthias; Harzer, Winfried

    2017-04-01

    One third of adult patients with orthognathic surgery of a prognathic or retrognathic mandible show relapse. The sagittal split osteotomy of the mandible leads to a displacement of both parts up to 10 mm without any changes of muscle attachment. Changed mandible length needs adaptation of muscle capacity because of changed force to moment ratio. The aim of this Microarray study was to analyze the general genetic response of masseter muscle in patients with retrognathism or prognathism of the mandible six months after surgery in comparison with healthy untreated controls. We found in tissue samples from masseter muscle a reduction of different entities between patients and controls but less in retrognathic than in prognathic patients (274/429). The different entities to controls in prognathia were reduced from 1862 to 1749 but increased in retrognathia from 1070 to 1563. We have to consider that the total amount of different entities to the controls is higher in patients with prognathic mandible (7364) because of their strong genetic controlled development compared with that in patients with retrognathic mandible (4126), which is more environmentally influenced. It can be concluded that function follows form after surgical change with high inheritance. In retrognathic patients the adaptation could be delayed or the capacity of regeneration potential is not sufficient. Copyright © 2017 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Does Body Mass Index Reduction by Bariatric Surgery Affect Laryngoscopy Difficulty During Subsequent Anesthesia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimonov, Mordechai; Schechter, Pinhas; Boaz, Mona; Waintrob, Ronen; Ezri, Tiberiu

    2017-03-01

    The effect of body mass index (BMI) reduction following bariatric surgery on subsequent airway management has not been investigated. This study aimed to investigate the association between BMI reduction and airway assessment and management measured by Mallampati class (MC) and laryngoscopy grade (LG). We conducted a retrospective study over 6 years to compare the BMI changes, MC and LG in patients having weight reduction bariatric surgery followed by subsequent surgery. Data was extracted from the anesthesia records of patients undergoing laparoscopic band insertion (LBI) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Difficult airway was defined as Malampati class 3 and 4 on a 1-4 difficulty scale or laryngoscopy grade >2 on a 1-4 difficulty scale and need for unplanned fiberoptic intubation. Changes in these variables were correlated with weight reduction. Statistical analysis included t test, univariante, and multivariant logistic regression. Five hundred forty-six patients underwent LSG and 83 patients had LBI during the study period. Of those patients, 65 patients had subsequent surgical procedures after the bariatric procedure. Of the 65 patients identified, 62 were eligible. BMI decreased by approximately13 kg/m 2 (p = 0.000) which roughly represents a 30 % reduction between the two surgical procedures. Mallampati class decreased significantly (p = 0.000) while laryngoscopy grade did not (p = 0.419). Our study revealed that a significant reduction in BMI was associated with a significant decrease in Mallampati class. There was no significant decrease in laryngoscopy grade, and there was no case of unplanned fiberoptic intubation.

  1. Mechanisms of gas exchange response to lung volume reduction surgery in severe emphysema

    OpenAIRE

    Cremona, George; Barbara, Joan A.; Melgosa, Teresa; Appendini, Lorenzo; Roca, Josep; Casadio, Caterina; Donner, Claudio F.; Rodriguez-Roisin, Roberto; Wagner, Peter D.

    2011-01-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) improves lung function, respiratory symptoms, and exercise tolerance in selected patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who have heterogeneous emphysema. However, the reported effects of LVRS on gas exchange are variable, even when lung function is improved. To clarify how LVRS affects gas exchange in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 23 patients were studied before LVRS, 14 of whom were again studied afterwards. We performed measurement...

  2. Lung volume reduction surgery and lung transplantation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Hadjiliadis; Jorge I Mora

    2008-01-01

    Jorge I Mora1, Denis Hadjiliadis21Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 2Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USAAbstract: Medical treatment of emphysema does not alter the natural progression of the disease. Surgical techniques are an attractive conceptual approach to treat hyperinflation in these patients. Lung volume reduction surgery and lung transplantation are appropriate therapeutic options for a selected population with emphysema. We will revi...

  3. Improved Health-Related Quality of Life After Lung Volume Reduction Surgery and Pulmonary Rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Beling, Janna

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: It has been hypothesized that lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) and pulmonary rehabilitation improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis by examining the long-term functional consequences and general health status of patients with emphysema who have undergone LVRS and pulmonary rehabilitation. Methods: Forty-nine subjects with severe emphysema, aged 51 to 84 years old, post-LVRS and pulmonary rehabilitation participated in t...

  4. Lung volume reduction surgery for emphysema: What the radiologist needs to know

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Screaton, N.J. [Department of Radiology, Papworth Hospital, Papworth Everard, Cambridge (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: nicholas.screaton@papworth.nhs.uk; Reynolds, J.H. [Department of Radiology, Birmingham Heartlands and Solihull NHS Trust, Bordesley Green East, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    2006-03-15

    Imaging plays a pivotal role in the selection of patients for the surgical treatment of emphysema. In this article, the imaging features of emphysema are reviewed along with the surgical options for treatment. Particular emphasis is given to lung volume reduction surgery as this technique has gained wide acceptance within the thoracic surgical community in recent years. Radiologists need to have an understanding of which patients may be potentially suitable for this technique.

  5. Predictive models of objective oropharyngeal OSA surgery outcomes: Success rate and AHI reduction ratio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Ji Ho; Lee, Jae Yong; Cha, Jaehyung; Kim, Kangwoo; Hong, Seung-No; Lee, Seung Hoon

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a predictive model of objective oropharyngeal obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) surgery outcomes including success rate and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) reduction ratio in adult OSA patients. Retrospective outcome research. All subjects with OSA who underwent oropharyngeal and/or nasal surgery and were followed for at least 3 months were enrolled in this study. Demographic, anatomical [tonsil size (TS) and palate-tongue position (PTP) grade (Gr)], and polysomnographic parameters were analyzed. The AHI reduction ratio (%) was defined as [(postoperative AHI-preoperative AHI) x 100 / postoperative AHI], and surgical success was defined as a ≥ 50% reduction in preoperative AHI with a postoperative AHI regression analysis was: [Formula: see text]The best predictive equation according to stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was: [Formula: see text] (TS/PTP Gr = 1 if TS/PTP Gr 3 or 4, TS/PTP Gr = 0 if TS/PTP Gr 1 or 2). The predictive models for oropharyngeal surgery described in this study may be useful for planning surgical treatments and improving objective outcomes in adult OSA patients.

  6. Predictive models of objective oropharyngeal OSA surgery outcomes: Success rate and AHI reduction ratio.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji Ho Choi

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to develop a predictive model of objective oropharyngeal obstructive sleep apnea (OSA surgery outcomes including success rate and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI reduction ratio in adult OSA patients.Retrospective outcome research.All subjects with OSA who underwent oropharyngeal and/or nasal surgery and were followed for at least 3 months were enrolled in this study. Demographic, anatomical [tonsil size (TS and palate-tongue position (PTP grade (Gr], and polysomnographic parameters were analyzed. The AHI reduction ratio (% was defined as [(postoperative AHI-preoperative AHI x 100 / postoperative AHI], and surgical success was defined as a ≥ 50% reduction in preoperative AHI with a postoperative AHI < 20.A total of 156 consecutive OSAS adult patients (mean age ± SD = 38.9 ± 9.6, M / F = 149 / 7 were included in this study. The best predictive equation by Forward Selection likelihood ratio (LR logistic regression analysis was: [Formula: see text]The best predictive equation according to stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was: [Formula: see text] (TS/PTP Gr = 1 if TS/PTP Gr 3 or 4, TS/PTP Gr = 0 if TS/PTP Gr 1 or 2.The predictive models for oropharyngeal surgery described in this study may be useful for planning surgical treatments and improving objective outcomes in adult OSA patients.

  7. A comparison of multimodal therapy and surgery for esophageal adenocarcinoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Walsh, T N

    1996-08-15

    Uncontrolled studies suggest that a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy improves the survival of patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma. We conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing surgery alone with combined chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery.

  8. Lung volume reduction surgery: an overview Cirurgia redutora de volume pulmonar: uma revisão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Afonso da Silva Sardenberg

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study intends to review the literature on the efficacy, safety and feasibility of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS in patients with advanced emphysema. Studies on LVRS from January 1995 to December 2009 were included by using Pubmed (MEDLINE and Cochrane Library literature in English. Search words such as lung volume reduction surgery or lung reduction surgery, pneumoplasty or reduction pneumoplasty, COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and surgery, were used. We also compared medical therapy and surgical technique. Studies consisting of randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials (randomized and nonrandomized, reviews and case series were analyzed. Questions regarding validity of the early clinical reports, incomplete follow-up bias, selection criteria and survival, confounded the interpretation of clinical data on LVRS. Patients with upper, lower and diffuse distribution of emphysema were included; we also analyzed as key points perioperative morbidity and mortality and lung function measurement as FEV1. Bullous emphysema was excluded from this review. Surgical approach included median sternotomy, unilateral or bilateral thoracotomy, and videothoracoscopy with stapled or laser ablation. Results of prospective randomized trials between medical management and LVRS are essential before final assessment can be established.O objetivo deste estudo é revisar a literatura acerca da eficácia, segurança e viabilidade da cirurgia redutora de volume pulmonar (CRVP em pacientes com enfisema pulmonar avançado. Estudos de CRVP de janeiro de 1995 a dezembro de 2009 foram incluídos através de pesquisa na Pubmed (MEDLINE e Cochrane Library, na literatura inglesa. Palavras de busca tais como lung volume reduction surgery ou lung reduction surgery, pneumoplasty ou reduction pneumoplasty, COPD ou chronic obstructive pulmonary disease e surgery foram utilizadas. Também realizamos comparação entre terapia médica e cir

  9. Impact of left atrial size reduction on chronic atrial fibrillation in mitral valve surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherer, Mirela; Dzemali, Omer; Aybek, Tayfun; Wimmer-Greinecker, Gerhard; Moritz, Anton

    2003-07-01

    Left atrial enlargement is a risk factor for the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Large atrial size increases thromboembolic risk and reduces the success rate of cardioversion. The study aim was to evaluate if left atrial size reduction affects cardiac rhythm in patients with chronic AF undergoing mitral valve surgery. Twenty-seven patients were analyzed prospectively. The left atrial incision was extended to the left inferior pulmonary vein. Left atrial size reduction was achieved by closure of the left atrial appendage from inside with a double running suture. The same suture plicated the left lateral atrial wall to the roof of the left pulmonary vein inflow and the inferior atrial wall. The atrial septum was plicated by placing stitches of the closing suture line across the fossa ovalis. Rhythm, neurological complications, cardioversion, anticoagulation and anti-arrhythmic medication were evaluated at one year postoperatively and at recent follow up (mean 40 +/- 15 months). At discharge, five patients (19%) were in sinus rhythm (SR). At one year postoperatively, SR was restored in 17 patients (63%), but five (19%) reported episodes of arrhythmia and AF persisted in 10 (37%). At recent follow up, four patients had died and three were lost to follow up. Among 20 patients examined, 13 (65%) had SR but six reported episodes of arrhythmia and AF persisted in seven (35%). LA diameter was significantly reduced, from 60.2 +/- 9.8 mm preoperatively to 44.5 +/- 7.0 mm at one year after surgery. The addition of left atrial size reduction to mitral valve surgery is technically simple, and was effective in 63% of patients with chronic AF, restoring predominant SR. In order to influence pathogenetic factors other than size, additional ablative steps may further increase the SR conversion rate. Size reduction may also improve the outcome of other ablative approaches.

  10. Reduction in cardiometabolic disease risk following gastric bypass surgery among Hispanic adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De La Cruz-Muñoz, Nestor; Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela; Arheart, Kristopher L; Livingstone, Alan S; Miller, Tracie L; Lipshultz, Steven E; Messiah, Sarah E

    2013-08-01

    The increasing prevalence of US morbid obesity is associated with serious health consequences and high medical costs, particularly among ethnic minority groups. Little information is available on the long-term weight and chronic disease risk reduction effectiveness of bariatric surgery among Hispanics. A retrospective medical chart analysis of 633 Hispanic adults (76% female, mean age at surgery 41.3 years) from Central and South America and the Caribbean who underwent gastric bypass surgery from 2002 to 2010 was conducted. A presurgery and 1-year postsurgery comparative means analysis of weight, body mass index (BMI), and cardiometabolic disease risk factors [systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TGs) was performed. Mean weight (127-109 kg) and BMI (46.4-39.9 kg/m(2)) significantly decreased and all cardiometabolic disease risk factors improved from before to 1 year after surgery. Males were significantly more likely than females to show postsurgery improvement in weight (-21.7 kg versus -16.9 kg, P<0.0001), HbA1c (-1.1% versus -0.7%, P=0.02), HDL (3.2 mg/dL versus -0.6 mg/dL, P=0.04), and TGs (-97.2 mg/dL versus -54.5 mg/dL, P=0.006) versus females. Conversely, women were significantly more likely than men to have postsurgery improvements in LDL (-24.5 mg/dL versus -12.7 mg/dL, P=0.04). Gastric bypass surgery results in significant weight loss and cardiometabolic disease risk reduction among Hispanic adults 1 year after surgery. These improvements vary by gender. Gastric bypass surgery is an effective treatment option for weight loss and chronic disease risk improvements in Hispanic adults who are not Mexican American.

  11. The effect of Diazepam in pain reduction following mandibular impacted third molar surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daneshvar M.E

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Pain control is of high importance in dentistry. Prescribing sedatives such a"nDiazepam, as an anti-depressant and pain threshold elevator drug is able to influence the patient's reaction to"npain and reduce it."nPurpose: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of Diazepam in pain reduction following"nmandibular impacted third molar surgery."nMaterials and Methods: In this study, which was conducted in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial"nsurgery Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical sciences. The patients were divided into two equal"ngroups (n=30. For controls, antibiotics and analgesics were prescribed after surgery. However, except the"naforementioned drugs, Diazepam (5mg, three times per day, was prescribed for the experimental group. The"namount of mouth opening was also measured as an auxiliary sign after one week. The data were compared by"nX2 test after one week."nResults: 60% of the experimental group and 13.8% of the control group felt a weak pain. Statistically"nsignificant differences were observed regarding pain feeling between two groups (P<0.001. Severe pain"nfeeling was 34.5% and 10%, for control and experimental groups, respectively."nConclusion: It is suggested that Diazepam is an effective pain reduction drug following third molar surgery."nThis drug has also a relative effect on temporary trismus resulting probably from muscle trauma or pain.

  12. Physical conditioning and mental stress reduction - a randomised trial in patients undergoing cardiac surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van der Merwe Juliana

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preoperative anxiety and physical unfitness have been shown to have adverse effects on recovery from cardiac surgery. This study involving cardiac surgery patients was primarily aimed at assessing the feasibility of delivering physical conditioning and stress reduction programs within the public hospital setting. Secondary aims were to evaluate the effect of these programs on quality of life (QOL, rates of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF and length of stay (LOS in hospital. Methods Elective patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft and/or valve surgery at a public hospital in Melbourne, Australia were enrolled. Patients were randomized to receive either holistic therapy (HT or usual care (UC. HT consisted of a series of light physical exercise sessions together with a mental stress reduction program administered in an outpatient setting for the first two weeks after placement on the waiting list for surgery. A self-administered SF-36 questionnaire was used to measure QOL and hospital records to collect data on LOS and rate of postoperative AF. Results The study population comprised 117 patients of whom 60 received HT and 57 received UC. Both programs were able to be delivered within the hospital setting but ongoing therapy beyond the two week duration of the program was not carried out due to long waiting periods and insufficient resources. HT, as delivered in this study, compared to UC did not result in significant changes in QOL, LOS or AF incidence. Conclusions Preoperative holistic therapy can be delivered in the hospital setting, although two weeks is insufficient to provide benefits beyond usual care on QOL, LOS or postoperative AF. Further research is now required to determine whether a similar program of longer duration, or targeted to high risk patients can provide measurable benefits. Trial registration This trial was conducted as part of a larger study and according to the principles contained in

  13. The role of the emphysema multidisciplinary team in a successful lung volume reduction surgery programme†.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathinam, Sridhar; Oey, Inger; Steiner, Mick; Spyt, Tom; Morgan, Mike D; Waller, David A

    2014-12-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for advanced emphysema is well established, with strong evidence from the National Emphysema Treatment Trial. However, there is still reluctance to offer the procedure, and many have looked for alternative, unproven treatments. The multidisciplinary approach has been well established in treatment of lung cancer and, more recently, in coronary artery surgery. We reviewed our practice to validate the role of our multidisciplinary team approach in our LVRS programme. Our multidisciplinary approach employs respiratory physicians, radiologists and surgeons involved in case selection, who meet on a regular basis. Cases are selected on the basis of clinical presentation, imaging (radionuclide lung perfusion and computerized tomography) and respiratory physiology. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on 633 patients referred for lung volume reduction surgery between July 1995 and July 2013. Six hundred and thirty-three patients (422 male) were referred for LVRS, of whom 253 [178 male; median age 61 years (range 37-79 years)] underwent 292 LVRS procedures.There were 268 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical procedures, of which 13 were one-stage bilateral procedures and 37 required a staged second side. Overall median hospital stay was 13 (4-197) days, during which 11 patients died. Prolonged hospital stay was associated with increasing age and with duration of air leak, which in turn was associated with diffusion capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s. The outcomes of a successful LVRS programme are not only dependent on good surgical technique and post-operative care. Case selection and work-up by a dedicated multidisciplinary approach for emphysema patients plays an invaluable and integral part in an LVRS programme. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  14. Investigating Mental Status and Body Image in Cosmetic Surgery Applicants in Comparison with Non-applicants

    OpenAIRE

    Z Khanjani; J Babapour; G Saba

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Today revising and rethinking of the appearance and eliminating its flaws, real or imaginary, through cosmetic surgery is the main concern of some individuals. This study was conducted in order to compare the body image, depression and anxiety disorders between applicants of cosmetic surgery and non-applicants. Methods: The present study is of cause–comparison type. Cosmetic surgery applicants involved 62 participants who were selected by available sampling from those who referr...

  15. Evaluation the Metoprolol Effects in Controlled Hypotension and Reduction of Bleeding During Head and Neck Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Rahimzadeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectivesIntraoperative bleeding, which reduces visibility in the operative field, is one of the major problems of head and neck surgeries. Improvement of intraoperative visibility and reduction of bleeding is an important task for an anesthetist during head and neck surgery. It has been shown that preoperative beta-blockade decreases bleeding during the operation.MethodsIn a 18 month period,88 patients , who were candidate for nasal procedures in hazrat Rasul medical complex, were selected in a randomized open clinical trial study. They were divided to 4 groupes:50 mg metoprolol at night before surgery50 mg metoprolol in the morning of the surgery50 mg metoprolol at night before surgery and in the morning of the surgeryplaceboHeart rate, Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured in a non-invasive way just both upon arrival on the operation bed and after induction of anesthesia during operation. For evaluation of the visibility of the operative field during operation the quality scale proposed by Fromm and Boezzart was used.Results SPSS13 was used for assessment. There was significant relationship between metoprolol administration and bleeding during the operation. All patients who received two doses of metoprolol one in the last night and another in the morning of the operation day had only mild bleeding. There was statistically significant relation between agitation and time of administration of metoprolol.Conclution Nowadays, there are growing evidences that not only decrease in systolic blood pressure but also a low heart rate (< 60 beats per minute can minimize surgical bleeding. Both of the above mentioned effects could be induced by beta blockers.In this study, two doses of metoprolol could decrease the amount of bleeding and improve the operation field significantly and also could decrease the agitation in recovery room.Keywords: Metoprolol; Bleeding; Controlled Hypotension; Agitation

  16. Elective surgery: a comparison of in-patient versus day surgery practices in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meshkat, B; Cowman, S; Gethin, G; Higgins, P; Ryan, K; Mulligan, E

    2013-06-01

    Currently, there is a paucity of research which has assessed practices at the point of care for day surgery patient. To outline the patient journey from first referral for surgery and identify structures and processes which facilitate or constrain the provision of day surgery. A retrospective medical charts review of 200 consecutively presenting patients undergoing elective surgery in two Irish teaching hospitals. Data collection was completed from January 2009 to March 2009. This analysis spanned from first referral to the hospital until discharge and follow up. Great variability was noted in practices between the two hospitals. While some of the differences in practice become barriers to increased rates of day surgery, others did not have an impact. This study echoes findings of other similar studies in that management of patients undergoing elective surgery which varies significantly across Irish hospitals.

  17. A comparison of revisional and primary bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulton, Courtney; Sheppard, Caroline; Birch, Daniel; Karmali, Shazeer; de Gara, Christopher

    2017-06-01

    Revisional surgery is an important component of addressing weight regain and complications following primary bariatric surgery. Owing to provincial need and the complexity of this patient population, a specialized multidisciplinary revision clinic was developed. We sought to characterize patients who undergo revision surgery and compare their outcomes with primary bariatric surgery clinic data. We completed a retrospective chart review of bariatric revision clinic patients compared with primary bariatric surgery patients from December 2009 to June 2014. We reviewed the charts of 2769 primary bariatric clinic patients, 886 of whom had bariatric surgery, and 534 revision bariatric clinic patients, 83 of whom had revision surgery. Fewer revision clinic patients underwent surgery than primary clinic patients (22% v. 32%). The mean preoperative body mass index (BMI) was 44.7 ± 9.5 in revision patients compared with 45.7 ± 7.6 in primary bariatric surgery patients. Most revision patients had a prior vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG; 48%) or a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB; 24%). Bands were removed in 36% of all LAGB patients presenting to clinic. Of the 134 procedures performed in the revision clinic, 83 were bariatric weight loss surgeries, and 51 were band removals. Revision clinic patients experienced a significant decrease in BMI (from 44.7 ± 9.5 to 33.8 ± 7.5, p bariatric revision clinic manages a wide variety of complex patients distinct from those seen in a primary clinic. Operative candidates at the revision clinic are chosen based on favourable medical, anatomic and psychosocial factors, keeping in mind the resource constraints of a public health care system.

  18. Preliminary comparison of different reduction methods of graphene ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The reduction of graphene oxide (GO) is a promising route to bulk produce graphene-based sheets. Different reduction processes result in reduced graphene oxide (RGO) with different properties. In this paper three reduction methods, chemical, thermal and electrochemical reduction, were compared on three aspects ...

  19. Evaluation the Metoprolol Effects in Controlled Hypotension and Reduction of Bleeding During Head and Neck Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Rahimzadeh

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Background and objectives

    Intraoperative bleeding, which reduces visibility in the operative field, is one of the major problems of head and neck surgeries. Improvement of intraoperative visibility and reduction of bleeding is an important task for an anesthetist during head and neck surgery. It has been shown that preoperative beta-blockade decreases bleeding during the operation.

     

    Methods

    In a 18 month period,88 patients , who were candidate for nasal procedures in hazrat Rasul medical complex, were selected in a randomized open clinical trial study. They were divided to 4 groupes:

    50 mg metoprolol at night before surgery

    50 mg metoprolol in the morning of the surgery

    50 mg metoprolol at night before surgery and in the morning of the surgery

    placebo

    Heart rate, Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured in a non-invasive way just both upon arrival on the operation bed and after induction of anesthesia during operation. For evaluation of the visibility of the operative field during operation the quality scale proposed by Fromm and Boezzart was used.

     

    Results

    SPSS13 was used for assessment. There was significant relationship between metoprolol administration and bleeding during the operation. All patients who received two doses of metoprolol one in the last night and another in the morning of the operation day had only mild bleeding. There was statistically significant relation between agitation and time of administration of metoprolol.

     

    Conclution

    Nowadays, there are growing evidences that not only decrease in systolic blood pressure but also a low heart rate (< 60 beats per minute can minimize surgical bleeding. Both of the above mentioned effects could be induced by beta blockers.

    In this study, two

  20. A Comparison of Research Productivity Across Plastic Surgery Fellowship Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chopra, Karan; Swanson, Edward W; Susarla, Srinivas; Chang, Sarah; Stevens, W Grant; Singh, Devinder P

    2016-06-01

    Objective measures of research productivity depend on how frequently a publication is cited. Metrics such as the Hirsch index (h-index; total number of publications h that have at least h citations) allow for an objective measurement of the scientific impact of an author's publications. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the h-index among aesthetic plastic surgery fellowship directors to that of fellowship directors in craniofacial surgery and microsurgery. We conducted a cross-sectional study of all fellowship directors in aesthetic surgery, craniofacial surgery, and microsurgery in the United States and Canada. The gathered data were categorized as bibliometric (h-index, i10-index, total number of publications, total number of citations, maximum citations for a single work, and number of self-citations) and demographic (gender, training background). Descriptive statistics were computed. The sample was composed of 30 aesthetic surgeons (93% male), 33 craniofacial surgeons (97% male), and 32 microsurgeons (94% male). The mean h-index was 13.7 for aesthetics, 16.9 for craniofacial, and 12.4 for microsurgery. There were no significant differences for any of the bibliometric measures between the three subspecialties, despite the fact that academic rank and years in practice were significantly different. As measured by the h-index, there is a high level of academic productivity among fellowship directors, regardless of subspecialty area. Unlike other plastic surgery subspecialties however, the h-index of aesthetic plastic surgeons is not correlated to academic rank, revealing a discrepancy between perceptions of aesthetic plastic surgery and its actual academic impact. © 2015 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  1. Radiofrequency Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Technique in Patients with Mitral Valve Surgery and Left Atrial Reduction Procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pouya Nezafati1

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: About half of all patients who undergo mitral valve surgery suffer from atrial fibrillation (AF. Cox described the surgical cut-and-sew Maze procedure, which is an effective surgical method but has some complications. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a substitution method of radiofrequency ablation (RFA for patients undergoing mitral valve surgery with AF.Methods: We evaluated 50 patients, comprising 40 men and 10 women at a mean age of 61.8 ± 7.5 years, who underwent mitral valve surgery with RFA between March 2010 and August 2013. All the patients had permanent AF with an enlarged left atrium (LA. The first indication for surgery was underlying organic lesions. Mitral valve replacement or repair was performed in the patients as a single procedure or in combination with aortic valve replacement or coronary artery bypass grafting. Radiofrequency energy was used to create continuous endocardial lesions mimicking most incisions and sutures. We evaluated the pre- and postoperative LA size, duration of aortic cross-clamping, cardiopulmonary bypass time, intensive care unit stay, and total hospital stay.Results: The mean preoperative and postoperative LA sizes were 7.5 ± 1.4 cm and 4.3 ± 0.7 cm (p value = 0.0001, respectively. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time and the aortic cross-clamping time were 134.3 ± 33.7 minand 109.0 ± 28.4 min, respectively. The average stay at the intensive care unit was 2.1 ± 1.2 days, and the total hospital stay was 8.3 ± 2.4 days. Rebleeding was the only complication, found in one patient. There was no early or late mortality. Eighty-two percent of the patients were discharged in normal sinus rhythm. Five other patients had normal sinus rhythm at 6months' follow-up, and the remaining 4 patients did not have a normal sinus rhythm after 6 months.Conclusion: Radiofrequency ablation, combined with LA reduction, is an effective option for the treatment of permanent AF concomitant with

  2. Characteristics of women with cosmetic breast augmentation surgery compared with breast reduction surgery patients and women in the general population of Sweden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fryzek, JP; Weiderpass, E; Signorello, LB; Hakelius, L; Lipworth, L; Blot, WJ; McLaughlin, JK; Nyren, O

    2000-01-01

    To determine whether women with cosmetic breast implants have distinct demographic, lifestyle, and reproductive characteristics that put them at increased risk for subsequent morbidity, the authors compared 1,369 such women to 2,211 women who had undergone breast reduction surgery, and to a random

  3. A projected landmark method for reduction of registration error in image-guided surgery systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serej, Nasim Dadashi; Ahmadian, Alireza; Mohagheghi, Saeed; Sadrehosseini, Seyed Musa

    2015-05-01

    Image-guided surgery systems are limited by registration error, so practical and effective methods to improve accuracy are necessary. A projection point-based method for reducing the surface registration error in image-guided surgery was developed and tested. Checkerboard patterns are projected on visible surfaces to create projected landmarks over a region of interest. Surface information thus becomes available in the form of point clouds of surface point coordinates with submillimeter resolution. The reconstructed 3D point cloud is registered using iterative closest point (ICP) approximation to a 3D point cloud extracted from preoperative CT images of the same region of interest. The projected landmark surface registration method was compared with two other methods using a facial surface phantom: (a) landmark registration using anatomical features, and (b) surface matching based on an additional 40 surface points. The mean error for the projected landmark surface registration method was 0.64 mm, which was 47.4 and 35.3 % lower relative to mean errors of the anatomical landmark registration and the surface-matching methods, respectively. After applying the proposed method, using target registration error as a gold standard, the resulting mean error was 1.1 mm or a reduction of 61.2 % compared to the anatomical landmark registration. Optical checkerboard pattern projection onto visible surfaces was used to acquire surface point clouds for image-guided surgery registration. A projected landmark method eliminated the effects of unwanted and overlapping points by acquiring the desired points at specific locations. The results were more accurate than conventional landmark or surface registration.

  4. Bone-anchored hearing device surgery: Linear incision without soft tissue reduction. A prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altuna, Xabier; Navarro, Juan José; Palicio, Idoia; Álvarez, Leire

    2015-01-01

    The classic surgical procedure for percutaneous bone-anchored hearing devices involves removal of a large area of subcutaneous tissue down to the periosteum. This leads to alopecia and raises the risk of devascularization of the overlying skin with the potential for infection and scarring. The objective of this study was to determine the results of implant placement using a single, linear incision with no underlying soft tissue reduction. A prospective study was conducted in our hospital over a period of 14 months in all consecutive surgeries performed using this technique in adults. Patients were reviewed regularly (week 1, week 3, weeks 4-6 and months 3, 6 and 12) to assess wound healing including evaluation with the Holgers scale. Corresponding to 34 patients, 34 cases were consecutively enrolled in this study. We found that 15% of the patients had minor skin reactions during the first visit (Holgers grade 1 or 2); this number raised to 20% in week 3, but at week 4 only 1 patient had a reaction score of 1 (which was solved by week 6). None of the cases required revision surgery and all skin reactions were treated topically. Our results suggest that the tissue preservation technique is a simple and effective insertion technique with a favourable healing process and cosmesis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cérvico-Facial. All rights reserved.

  5. Radiation exposure and reduction in the operating room: Perspectives and future directions in spine surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narain, Ankur S; Hijji, Fady Y; Yom, Kelly H; Kudaravalli, Krishna T; Haws, Brittany E; Singh, Kern

    2017-07-18

    Intraoperative imaging is vital for accurate placement of instrumentation in spine surgery. However, the use of biplanar fluoroscopy and other intraoperative imaging modalities is associated with the risk of significant radiation exposure in the patient, surgeon, and surgical staff. Radiation exposure in the form of ionizing radiation can lead to cellular damage via the induction of DNA lesions and the production of reactive oxygen species. These effects often result in cell death or genomic instability, leading to various radiation-associated pathologies including an increased risk of malignancy. In attempts to reduce radiation-associated health risks, radiation safety has become an important topic in the medical field. All practitioners, regardless of practice setting, can practice radiation safety techniques including shielding and distance to reduce radiation exposure. Additionally, optimization of fluoroscopic settings and techniques can be used as an effective method of radiation dose reduction. New imaging modalities and spinal navigation systems have also been developed in an effort to replace conventional fluoroscopy and reduce radiation doses. These modalities include Isocentric Three-Dimensional C-Arms, O-Arms, and intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging. While this influx of new technology has advanced radiation safety within the field of spine surgery, more work is still required to overcome specific limitations involving increased costs and inadequate training.

  6. A comparison of skin storage methods for oculoplastic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baldeschi, L.; Lupetti, A.; Nardi, M.; Hintschich, C.; Richard, J.; Collin, O.

    1998-01-01

    To assess the level of contamination of full-thickness skin grafts stored with or without an antibiotic cover. Full-thickness skin grafts were harvested from 40 bilateral upper lid blepharoplasties. Before surgery the face was sterilised, the head of the patient was packed with sterile, single-use

  7. Laparoscopic surgery of ovarian cyst in comparison with laparotomy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The average direct cost of the intervention was reduced by laparoscopy (123 445 ± 46 versus 192 ± 78 (160 CFA francs) (p <0.05). The aesthetic profit was significantly better in laparoscopy compared to laparotomy. Conclusion: The results of the treatment of ovarian cysts by laparoscopic surgery are significantly better ...

  8. Comparison of reductive nanoparticle preparation using plasma and ultrasound irradiation in aqueous solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizukoshi, Yoshiteru; Hori, Fuminobu; Okitsu, Kenji

    2018-01-01

    In this review, reductive nanoparticle preparation using plasma generated in aqueous solutions is described. The reduction mechanism of Au(III) ions and the plasma reaction sites are characterized in comparison with the sonochemical reaction sites generated by ultrasound irradiation to aqueous solutions. The contribution of organic additives such as surfactants, water-soluble polymers, and alcohols to the reduction is also addressed.

  9. Preoperative radiochemotherapy and radical surgery in comparison with radical surgery alone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohr, C.; Schettler, D. (Klinik fuer Gesichts- und Kieferchirurgie der Universitaetsklinik Essen, Essen (Germany)); Bohndorf, W. (Strahlenklinik der Universitaetsklinik Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany)) (and others)

    1994-01-01

    A multicentric, randomized study of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity and the oropharynx has been undertaken by DOeSAK. The results after radical surgery alone have been compared with the results of combined preoperative radiochemotherapy followed by radical surgery. Patients with primary (biopsy proven) SCC of the oral cavity or the oropharynx with tumor nodes metastasis (TNM) stages T2-4, N0-3, M0 were included in the study. A total of 141 patients were treated by radical surgery alone, whereas 127 patients were treated by radical surgery preceded by preoperative radiochemotherapy. The pre-operative treatment consisted of conventionally fractioned irradiation on the primary and the regional lymph nodes with a total dose of 36 Gy (5 x 2 Gy per week) and low-dose cisplatin chemotherapy with 5 x 12.5 mg cisplatin per m[sup 2] of body surface during the first week of treatment. Radical surgery according to be DOeSAK definitions (DOeSAK, 1982) was performed after a delay of 10-14 days. During the follow-up period, 28.2% of all patients suffered from locoregional recurrence, and 27.2% of the patients died. The percentages were higher after radical surgery alone for locoregional recurrence (31% and 15.6%) and for death (28% and 18.6%). The life-table analysis showed improved survival rates of 4.5% after 1 year and 8.3% after 2 years in the group of patients treated with combined therapy. The demonstrated improvement appeared to be significant with the Gehan-Wilcoxon test as well as with the log rank test below a P value of 5%. (au) (29 refs.).

  10. Comparison study of acellular dermal matrices in complicated hernia surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bochicchio, Grant V; De Castro, Gerard P; Bochicchio, Kelly M; Weeks, Jennifer; Rodriguez, Eduardo; Scalea, Thomas M

    2013-10-01

    Damage control surgery and management of the open abdomen has led to a significant improvement in survival in trauma and emergency surgical patients. However, subsequent abdominal reconstruction has become a significant challenge. The objective of this study was to compare 2 different acellular dermal matrices in regard to hernia recurrence and complications in patients who present with a large complicated ventral hernia as a result of trauma or emergency surgery. A prospective quasi-experimental time-interrupted series design was used to evaluate the incidence of hernia recurrence in trauma/emergency surgery patients who had a ventral hernia repair with a biologic matrix. From January 2005 to December 2007, 55 patients with a complicated ventral hernia were repaired with AlloDerm (Life Cell Corporation). Beginning in February 2008 to January 2010, 40 patients with the same criteria were repaired with FlexHD (Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation) and followed prospectively over the following year. The primary outcome for this study was hernia recurrence (functional or real) at 1 year. Other outcomes variables included abdominal laxity, seroma formation, and wound or intra-abdominal infection. There was no significant difference in age, sex, and body mass index between the groups. In addition, there was no significant difference in the mean hernia size and size of the acellular dermis that was inserted. At 1 year postsurgery, all of the AlloDerm patients were diagnosed with recurrence requiring a second formal repair. Eleven patients (31%) whose hernias were repaired with FlexHD were diagnosed with a recurrence requiring a second formal repair. FlexHD appears to have reduced the recurrence and laxity rates while maintaining a similar complication profile compared with AlloDerm in trauma/emergency surgery patients with large complicated ventral hernias. Copyright © 2013 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Postoperative analgesics for superficial surgery. Comparison of four analgesics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tigerstedt, I; Leander, P; Tammisto, T

    1981-12-01

    The efficacy of mild analgesics after 160 various superficial operations was studied by comparing intravenous lysine-acetylsalicylate (LAS) 1.8 g, Litalgin 4 ml (metamizole = dipyrone 2.0 g+ pitophenone 8.0 mg) or paracetamol 0.5 g to oxycodone 4 mg. At 15 min postdrug, oxycodone 4 mg had the best peak effect but this significant (P less than 0.05) difference to mild analgesics disappeared at 30 min, and thereafter all test analgesics showed an equally low effect. Two-thirds of the patients anaesthetized without peroperative analgesics needed pain relief when recovering from superficial surgery. The need for pain relief was lowest after varicose vein operations 40% of the patients as compared to about 70% after other types of superficial surgery. In 42% of the patients requiring pain relief, the test analgesics alone gave sufficient pain relief. The rest needed an additional 5 mg of oxycodone, on average, to be comfortable. The combined use of mild analgesics and oxycodone for adequate pain relief did not seem to reduce the postdrug sedation as compared to oxycodone alone. The results indicate that in traditional clinical dosages LAS, dipyrone or paracetamol can substitute about 5 mg oxycodone but offer sufficient analgesia only in about 40% of the patients recovering from superficial surgery.

  12. Minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer: A comparison between robotic, laparoscopic and open surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parisi, Amilcare; Reim, Daniel; Borghi, Felice; Nguyen, Ninh T; Qi, Feng; Coratti, Andrea; Cianchi, Fabio; Cesari, Maurizio; Bazzocchi, Francesca; Alimoglu, Orhan; Gagnière, Johan; Pernazza, Graziano; D’Imporzano, Simone; Zhou, Yan-Bing; Azagra, Juan-Santiago; Facy, Olivier; Brower, Steven T; Jiang, Zhi-Wei; Zang, Lu; Isik, Arda; Gemini, Alessandro; Trastulli, Stefano; Novotny, Alexander; Marano, Alessandra; Liu, Tong; Annecchiarico, Mario; Badii, Benedetta; Arcuri, Giacomo; Avanzolini, Andrea; Leblebici, Metin; Pezet, Denis; Cao, Shou-Gen; Goergen, Martine; Zhang, Shu; Palazzini, Giorgio; D’Andrea, Vito; Desiderio, Jacopo

    2017-01-01

    AIM To investigate the role of minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer and determine surgical, clinical, and oncological outcomes. METHODS This is a propensity score-matched case-control study, comparing three treatment arms: robotic gastrectomy (RG), laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG), open gastrectomy (OG). Data collection started after sharing a specific study protocol. Data were recorded through a tailored and protected web-based system. Primary outcomes: harvested lymph nodes, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, complications rate. Among the secondary outcomes, there are: operative time, R0 resections, POD of mobilization, POD of starting liquid diet and soft solid diet. The analysis includes the evaluation of type and grade of postoperative complications. Detailed information of anastomotic leakages is also provided. RESULTS The present analysis was carried out of 1026 gastrectomies. To guarantee homogenous distribution of cases, patients in the RG, LG and OG groups were 1:1:2 matched using a propensity score analysis with a caliper = 0.2. The successful matching resulted in a total sample of 604 patients (RG = 151; LG = 151; OG = 302). The three groups showed no differences in all baseline patients characteristics, type of surgery (P = 0.42) and stage of the disease (P = 0.16). Intraoperative blood loss was significantly lower in the LG (95.93 ± 119.22) and RG (117.91 ± 68.11) groups compared to the OG (127.26 ± 79.50, P = 0.002). The mean number of retrieved lymph nodes was similar between the RG (27.78 ± 11.45), LG (24.58 ± 13.56) and OG (25.82 ± 12.07) approach. A benefit in favor of the minimally invasive approaches was found in the length of hospital stay (P surgery can be safely performed and proposed as possible alternative to open surgery. The main highlighted benefit is a faster postoperative functional recovery. PMID:28428717

  13. Evaluation and comparison of laser surgery and surgical blade in the treatment of epulis fissuratum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Hashemi H

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: The treatment of epulis fissuratum is surgery, but a new proposed modality is laser surgery. The aim of this study was the comparison between laser and blade surgery in the treatment of epulis fissuratum. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 12 patients with epulis fissuratum were selected. The lesions were divided into two parts. One part was resected by laser and the other by surgical blade randomly and single blinded. The time of surgery, bleeding, wound repairment as well as the depth of vestibule were measured. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon sign test and Paired t test with P<0.05 as the limit of significance. Results: The wound of laser surgery healed sooner and the depth of vestibule in laser side was deeper comparing with blade surgery. Also the time of surgery was less than blade. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, we suggest that laser surgery is a more useful technique for the treatment of epulis fissuratum.

  14. Outcome After Lung Volume Reduction Surgery in Patients With Severely Impaired Diffusion Capacity.

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    Caviezel, Claudio; Schaffter, Nadja; Schneiter, Didier; Franzen, Daniel; Inci, Ilhan; Opitz, Isabelle; Weder, Walter

    2018-02-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has been proven to be a successful procedure and can be performed with low mortality when defined selection criteria are met. We hypothesized good outcome and low mortality after LVRS for selected patients with severe hyperinflation and nonhomogeneous morphology even when diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (Dlco) is less than 20%. The study included all patients scheduled for LVRS between March 2005 and May 2014 with a preoperative Dlco of less than 20%. Postoperative 90-day mortality was the primary end point. Secondary end points were postoperative lung function and surgical morbidity at 3, 6, and 12 months. Included were 33 patients with a median forced expiratory volume in 1 second of 23% (interquartile range, 19% to 28%), a median diffusion capacity of 15% (interquartile range, 13% to 18%), and a median hyperinflation of 76% (residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio of 70% to 76%). Mean follow-up was 44.8 months (range, 10 to 141 months). Heterogeneous emphysema was present in 26 patients, and 7 showed intermediately heterogeneous morphology. Sixteen procedures were bilateral, and 31 were performed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The 90-day mortality was 0%. Median forced expiratory volume in 1 second percentage predicted at 3 months increased from 23% to 29% (p volume in 1 second from 20% preoperatively to 28% postoperatively (p = 0.028). Selected patients with severely impaired Dlco of less than 20% can cautiously be considered as potential candidates if hyperinflation is severe and the lungs show areas with advanced destruction as targets for resection. Copyright © 2018 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Improved health-related quality of life after lung volume reduction surgery and pulmonary rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beling, Janna

    2009-09-01

    It has been hypothesized that lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) and pulmonary rehabilitation improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis by examining the long-term functional consequences and general health status of patients with emphysema who have undergone LVRS and pulmonary rehabilitation. Forty-nine subjects with severe emphysema, aged 51 to 84 years old, post-LVRS and pulmonary rehabilitation participated in this study. Subjects reported changes in physical and mental domains on the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36) over 3 time periods: prior to surgery, 6 months postsurgery, and 18 months postsurgery. The population as a whole was studied and both gender and age were analyzed as subsets. Subjects participated in an intensive 2-week (10 daily sessions) pulmonary rehabilitation program following LVRS. Subjects showed significant improvements in both the physical and mental component summaries at Time 2 (3 months post-LVRS through 6 months post-LVRS) and Time 3 (12 months post-LVRS through 18 months post-LVRS) when compared to Time 1 (pre-LVRS). On the mental component summary scale, subjects younger than 65 years old had significant improvement compared to subjects 65 years and older at Time 3 (P pulmonary rehabilitation appears to improve HRQOL in people with emphysema up to at least 18 months postsurgery. What these data further suggest is that even after declines in health, women can improve HRQOL later in life, and that greater focus should be given to the emotional needs of our older patients.

  16. The safety, efficacy, and durability of lung-volume reduction surgery: A 10-year experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsburg, Mark E; Thomashow, Byron M; Bulman, William A; Jellen, Patricia A; Whippo, Beth A; Chiuzan, Cody; Lee, Shing; Bai, Dan; Sonett, Joshua

    2016-03-01

    The National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT) validated the efficacy of lung-volume reduction surgery (LVRS) in selected patients with emphysema; however, concerns about the safety and durability of the operation have limited its clinical application. We evaluated our experience with LVRS, for the time period since approval was given by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, with respect to surgical morbidity and mortality, early and late functional outcomes, and long-term survival. Retrospective analysis was performed on 91 patients for whom consent was obtained for bilateral LVRS at our institution between January 2004 and June 2014. Primary outcomes analyzed were 6-month surgical mortality and overall survival at 1, 2, and 5 years. Secondary outcomes (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], residual volume, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity, a 6-minute walk test, exercise capacity, and a shortness-of-breath questionnaire) were analyzed for mean change from baseline at 1, 2, and 5 years after LVRS. The 6-month surgical mortality rate was 0%. At the 1- and 5-year follow-up, 69% and 36% of the patients had an improvement in FEV1. The 1-, 2-, and 5-year FEV1 change in % predicted of the FEV1, compared with baseline after LVRS, respectively, was 11.1% (95% CI: 8.6%, 13.6%); 8.7% (95% CI: 6.1%, 11.4%); and 11.1% (95% CI: 7.1%, 15.0%); and the maximal workload (in watts [W]) had an average increase of: 10.7 W (95% CI: 6.9, 14.6); 7.6 W (95% CI: 2.8, 12.4); and 10.24 W (95% CI: 4.4, 16.1). Overall survival (95% CI) for the group was: 0.99 (95% CI: 0.96, 1.00) at 1 year; 0.97 (95% CI: 0.93, 1.00) at 2 years; and 0.78 (95% CI: 0.67, 0.89) at 5 years. Given proper patient selection, LVRS is a safe operation. Early functional measurements are consistent with significant clinical benefit. Long-term results demonstrate that improvements can be durable. Surgical LVRS continues to represent the standard for lung-volume reduction therapy. Copyright © 2016 The

  17. Comparison of tapentadol with tramadol for analgesia after cardiac surgery

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    Srinivas Kalyanaraman Iyer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Tapentadol is a relatively new analgesic. We decided to compare it with tramadol for their various effects after cardiac surgery. Setting: A study in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: Sixty adults undergoing cardiac surgery were divided into 2 groups of 30 each by computerized random allotment (Group X = tapentadol 50 mg oral and Group Y = tramadol 100 mg oral. Informed Consent and Institutional Ethics Committee approval were obtained. The patients were given either drug X or drug Y after extubation in this single blinded study, wherein the data collectors and analyzers were blinded to the study. All patients received oral paracetamol qds and either drug X or drug Y tds. The pain score was noted on a Visual Analog Scale before each drug dose, 3 h later and on coughing. Heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure were recorded before the drug dose and 3 h later. Postoperative nausea or vomiting (PONV, temperature, and modified Glasgow Coma Scale readings were recorded. The above readings were obtained for 6 doses (up to 48 h after extubation. Statistics: t-test, Pearson Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, and Mantel-Haenszel test were used for statistics. Results: Tapentadol group patients had significantly better analgesia 3 h after the drug and "on coughing" than tramadol group. The difference in their effects on blood creatinine levels, temperature, hemodynamics, oxygen saturation, and respiratory rate were not clinically significant. Tapentadol produced lesser drowsiness and lesser vomiting than tramadol. Conclusions: Tapentadol, due to its norepinephrine reuptake inhibition properties, in addition to mu agonist, is a better analgesic than tramadol and has lesser PONV.

  18. Comparison of tapentadol with tramadol for analgesia after cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Srinivas Kalyanaraman; Mohan, Gokulakrishnan; Ramakrishnan, Sivakumar; Theodore, Sanjay

    2015-01-01

    Tapentadol is a relatively new analgesic. We decided to compare it with tramadol for their various effects after cardiac surgery. A study in a tertiary care hospital. Sixty adults undergoing cardiac surgery were divided into 2 groups of 30 each by computerized random allotment (Group X = tapentadol 50 mg oral and Group Y = tramadol 100 mg oral). Informed Consent and Institutional Ethics Committee approval were obtained. The patients were given either drug X or drug Y after extubation in this single blinded study, wherein the data collectors and analyzers were blinded to the study. All patients received oral paracetamol qds and either drug X or drug Y tds. The pain score was noted on a Visual Analog Scale before each drug dose, 3 h later and on coughing. Heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure were recorded before the drug dose and 3 h later. Postoperative nausea or vomiting (PONV), temperature, and modified Glasgow Coma Scale readings were recorded. The above readings were obtained for 6 doses (up to 48 h after extubation). t-test, Pearson Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, and Mantel-Haenszel test were used for statistics. Tapentadol group patients had significantly better analgesia 3 h after the drug and "on coughing" than tramadol group. The difference in their effects on blood creatinine levels, temperature, hemodynamics, oxygen saturation, and respiratory rate were not clinically significant. Tapentadol produced lesser drowsiness and lesser vomiting than tramadol. Tapentadol, due to its norepinephrine reuptake inhibition properties, in addition to mu agonist, is a better analgesic than tramadol and has lesser PONV.

  19. Analysis of cataract surgery induced astigmatism: Two polar methods comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-López, Veronica; García-López, Claudia; de Juan, Victoria; Martin, Raul

    Surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) caused by the incision after cataract surgery may be calculated to improve IOL toric power calculation and achieve better visual outcome. SIA could be determined as the difference between preoperative and postoperative keratometry expressed in polar values using different equations. The objective of this study is to compare the SIA calculated with two different polar value analysis methods [Method #1: KP (90)/KP (135) developed to be used with incisions placed at 90° and Method #2: AKP/AKP (+45) developed to be used independently of the incision location]. Preoperative and one month postoperative data of 210 cataractous eyes (131 patients) undergoing uncomplicated cataract surgery were assessed. All incisions were performed at 11 o'clock (120°). No sutures were used in any patient. IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, Ireland) keratometry was used to polar calculation. The average age was 66.25±12.33 years (range 22-89). SIA polar value data calculated with Method #1 were KP (90) -0.06±0.52D and KP (135) +0.05±0.91D and calculated with Method #2 were AKP -0.10±0.87D and AKP (+45) +0.02±0.02D. However, SIA value represented in traditional notation (diopters@axis in degrees) was the same value independently of the method used to calculate; +0.65@110.70°. SIA value is independent of the polar method used to its calculation and slight variations in the incision position could be accepted without clinical relevant impact in SIA magnitude. Both methods [Method #1: KP (90)/KP (135) and Method #2: AKP/AKP (+45)] are useful to calculate SIA with superior incisions at 120°. Copyright © 2016 Spanish General Council of Optometry. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme gene polymorphisms predict response to lung volume reduction surgery

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    DeMeo Dawn L

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT, marked variability in response to lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS was observed. We sought to identify genetic differences which may explain some of this variability. Methods In 203 subjects from the NETT Genetics Ancillary Study, four outcome measures were used to define response to LVRS at six months: modified BODE index, post-bronchodilator FEV1, maximum work achieved on a cardiopulmonary exercise test, and University of California, San Diego shortness of breath questionnaire. Sixty-four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs were genotyped in five genes previously shown to be associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease susceptibility, exercise capacity, or emphysema distribution. Results A SNP upstream from glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTP1; p = 0.003 and a coding SNP in microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1; p = 0.02 were each associated with change in BODE score. These effects appeared to be strongest in patients in the non-upper lobe predominant, low exercise subgroup. A promoter SNP in EPHX1 was associated with change in BODE score (p = 0.008, with the strongest effects in patients with upper lobe predominant emphysema and low exercise capacity. One additional SNP in GSTP1 and three additional SNPs in EPHX1 were associated (p Conclusion Genetic variants in GSTP1 and EPHX1, two genes encoding xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, were predictive of response to LVRS. These polymorphisms may identify patients most likely to benefit from LVRS.

  1. Comparison of soft tissue healing around implants in beagle dogs: flap surgery versus flapless surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Qun; Chen, Jiang; Jiang, Jianhui; Fu, Xiaoming; Lin, Hengzhang; Cai, Zhiyu

    2013-03-01

    The objective of this study was to compare soft tissue healing after implant placement in flap and flapless surgery in the dog model. Mandibular premolars were extracted from 10 beagle dogs. The extraction sockets were allowed to heal for 8 weeks. After healing, 3 implants on each side of the mandible were implanted using either flap or flapless techniques. One implant was installed on each side at the 0-, 4-, and 6-week time point. Eight weeks later, the peri-implant soft tissue healing was subjected to clinical and immunohistochemical analysis. It was revealed that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) volume, and the aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase activity in PICF increased significantly in the 2-week flap group compared with the 2-week flapless group. Microvascular density and VEGF expression in the 8-week flap group was statistically significantly lower than the 8-week flapless group and normal group. Buccal gingival recession was less pronounced in the flapless group than in the flap group after 4 and 8 weeks. Within the limits of this study, the results demonstrate that flapless surgery contributes to better esthetic outcomes in implants compared with the flap approach. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. A comparison of manual versus hydrostatic reduction in children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: In recent years several techniques have been recommended for intussusception treatment. In this study, an evaluation was made of intussusception cases that presented at our clinic and had reduction applied together with saline under ultrasonography (USG) and cases, which were surgically treated. Patients ...

  3. Comparison of Intraocular Pressure Reduction of Initial and Adjunct ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Intraocular pressure (IOP) is a modifiable risk factor for glaucoma. Reduction of IOP, through medical, surgical, and laser treatment modalities, remains the mainstay of therapy for the disease.[6] The choice of modality is dependent on several factors. The treatment regimen that lowers IOP below a level that is likely to ...

  4. Superiority of robotic surgery for cervical cancer in comparison with traditional approaches: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhongyu; Li, Xiuli; Tian, Shuang; Zhu, Tongyu; Yao, Yuanqing; Tao, Ye

    2017-04-01

    To review the safety and effectiveness of da Vinci robotic surgery for cervical cancer in comparison with the traditional open surgery and conventional laparoscopic operation. Based on Medline, the Cochrane library, Embase, and the Journal of Robotic Surgery prior to December 30st, 2015, we searched for controlled trials and observational studies. A systematic review with meta-analyses was conducted to compare the clinical efficacy between the da Vinci robotic surgery, open surgery, and laparoscopic surgery for cervical cancer. Data were pooled using the random effects meta-analysis. Compared with the open surgery, the robotic surgery for cervical cancer would be advantageous in terms of the length of hospital stay, incidence of complications, volume of blood loss and blood transfusion. The operative time of robotic surgery was longer than that of the open surgery, but the prediction intervals indicated that they could be shorter in future studies. Meanwhile, compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery, the robotic surgery could offer more benefits in terms of the length of hospital stay, while no difference was found in terms of the incidence of complications and the volume of blood loss. Compared to open surgery, the robotic surgery would be advantageous for cervical cancer patients in terms of the length of hospital stay, the incidence of complications, blood loss and blood transfusion. Compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery, the robotic surgery would result in longer OT, more BL and shorter LOS. The study quality was poor. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Comparison of Corneal Biomechanical Characteristics After Surface Ablation Refractive Surgery and Novel Lamellar Refractive Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dou, Rui; Wang, Yan; Xu, Lulu; Wu, Di; Wu, Wenjing; Li, Xiaojing

    2015-11-01

    To investigate and compare corneal biomechanical changes in the form of corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). In this retrospective observational study, patients who underwent either SMILE (36 eyes, 21 patients) or LASEK (35 eyes, 19 patients) were included. Data were collected preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months postoperatively, which included corneal topography and Ocular Response Analyzer values of CH, CRF, and intraocular pressure (IOP). Differences between both surgical groups and the relationships between variables were evaluated. CH, CRF, Goldmann IOP, and corneal compensated IOP after surgery were significantly lower than the preoperative values (P corneal biomechanical strength. However, the changes induced by SMILE are more predictable than those induced by LASEK. In terms of per unit tissue removed, SMILE seems to have less effect on corneal biomechanics than LASEK, which may be due to preservation of the stiffer anterior stroma.

  6. Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Disease Lookup > COPD > Diagnosing and Treating COPD Surgery Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes two separate lung problems, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Some people with COPD have ...

  7. A comparative study on Benzydamine HCL 0.5% and Acetaminophen Codeine in pain reduction following periodontal surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoshkhoonejad AA.

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Systemic analgesics are frequently prescribed for pain reduction following periodontal surgery. This type of treatment, however, brings about some disadvantages due to its late effect and inherent side effects. Benzydamine hydrochloride mouth wash is a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with local anaesthetic properties. Side effects of benzydamine are minor such as tissue numbness, burning and stinging. It brings relief to pain and inflammation rapidly. Purpose: The goal of this study was to compare benzydamine HCL 0.15% and Acetaminophen codeine as analgesics following periodontal surgery. Materials and Methods: This clinical study was performed on 18 patients referred to periodontics Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. All patients were affected with chronic mild or moderate periodontitis and required surgery at least at two oral sites with similar lesions. Each patient received benzdamine HCL after first surgery and Acetaminophen codein following second operation. Pain reduction was evaluated by Visual Analog Scale (VAS. Data were analyzed with Wilcoxon-Signed and Mann-Whitney non-parametric tests. Results: Analgesic effect of Acetaminophene codeine was significantly more than that of benzydamine HCL following Reriodontal surgery (P=0.008. No significant difference was found between analgesic effects of Acetaminophene codeine and benzydamine HCL in patients with chronic mild periodontitis (P=0.9, and in cases that osteoplasty (P=0-31 or no osseous surgery (P=0.18 were performed. Conclusion: In cases with mild post-operative pain following periodontal surgery, Benzydamine HCL and be prescribed as an analgesic. However, in other cases this mouth wash should be prescribed along with Acetaminophene codein to reduce systemic drugs consumption.

  8. Reduction effect of bacterial counts by preoperative saline lavage of the stomach in performing laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Hirohito; Kobara, Hideki; Tsushimi, Takaaki; Fujihara, Shintaro; Nishiyama, Noriko; Matsunaga, Tae; Ayaki, Maki; Yachida, Tatsuo; Tani, Joji; Miyoshi, Hisaaki; Morishita, Asahiro; Masaki, Tsutomu

    2014-11-14

    To investigate the effects of gastric lavage with 2000 mL of saline in laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery. Twenty two patients who were diagnosed with a gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor were enrolled. In former term, irrigations of the stomach were conducted whenever it was necessary, not systematically (Non systemic lavage group). In latter term, the stomach was thoroughly cleaned with 2000 mL of saline using an endoscope with a water jet, and Duodenal balloon occlusion was conducted to prevent refluxed bile and pancreatic juice (Systemic lavage+balloon occlusion group). The gastric wall was sprayed with 20 mL of distilled water, and 20 mL of gastric juice was collected in a sterile tube and submitted for culture. 20 mL of ascites was also collected from the laparoscopic ports and submitted for culture. We compared WBC, CRP, BT between two groups, and verify the reduction effect of bacterial counts in Systemic lavage+balloon occlusion group. WBC count before, 1 d after, and 3 d after laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) were 5060 (95%CI: 4250-9640), 12140 (6050-14110), and 6910 (5320-12520) in Non systemic lavage group, 4400 (3660-7620), 8910 (6480-10980), and 5950 (4840-7860) in Systemic lavage+balloon occlusion group. Significant differences between two groups at the day after LECS (P = 0.029) and the 3 d after LECS (P = 0.042). CRP levels in Non systemic lavage group and in Systemic lavage+balloon occlusion group were significantly different at the day after LECS (P = 0.005) and the 3 d after LECS (P = 0.028). BTs (°C) in Non systemic lavage group and in Systemic lavage+balloon occlusion group were also significantly different at the day after LECS (P = 0.004) and the 3 d after LECS (P = 0.006). In a logarithmic comparison, bacterial load before gastric lavage, after lavage, and ascites culture were 6.08 (95%CI: 4.04-6.97), 0.48 (0-0.85), and 0.21 (0-0.56). The bacterial counts before and after gastric lavage were

  9. Beneficial effect of amantadine on postoperative pain reduction and consumption of morphine in patients subjected to elective spine surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bujak-Giżycka, Beata; Kącka, Katarzyna; Suski, Maciej; Olszanecki, Rafał; Madej, Józef; Dobrogowski, Jan; Korbut, Ryszard

    2012-03-01

    To analyze the effect of coadministration of morphine and amantadine on postoperative pain reduction and morphine consumption in patients after elective spine surgery. In double-blinded study, 60 patients (ASA physical status I-II) were randomized into two groups. Group A was given oral amantadine 50 or 100 mg 1 hour before surgery and 8, 20, 32 hours after operation. Group P received placebo at identical times. Pain was assessed using numerical rating scale before first administration of morphine and in 2, 3, 4, 6, 24, and 48 hours after operation. The amounts of morphine consumed were recorded up to 48 hours after surgery. Blood samples were taken twice in 2 hours after surgery and plasma levels of morphine and its main metabolites were measured. As compared with placebo, amantadine significantly reduced intra-operative Fentanyl use and sensation of postoperative pain. Up to 48 hours after operation, the cumulative consumption of morphine was 25% lower in the amantadine group. Moreover, intensity of nausea and vomiting tended to be lower in A group. Starting from 12th hour after surgery, the level of postoperative sedation was lower in patients who received amantadine, as compared with placebo group. No significant differences in plasma levels of morphine ant its metabolites were observed between A and P groups. Pre- and postoperative administration of amantadine significantly reduced fentanyl use during operation, as well as reduced the postoperative pain and decreased morphine consumption in young patients undergoing orthopedic surgery. Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Calligraphy and meditation for stress reduction: an experimental comparison

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    Kao H SR

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Henry SR Kao,1 Lin Zhu,2 An An Chao,3 Hao Yi Chen,4 Ivy CY Liu,5 Manlin Zhang6 1Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; 2Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 3International Society of Calligraphy Therapy, Hong Kong; 4Department of Business Administration, National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan, 5Department of Psychology, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Department of Psychology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China Background: Chinese calligraphic handwriting (CCH has demonstrated a new role in health and therapy. Meanwhile, meditation is an traditional and effective method for coping with stress and staying healthy. This study compared the effectiveness of CCH and meditation as distinctive and parallel stress reduction interventions. Methods: Thirty graduate students and academic staff members in Taiwan who suffered from stress were selected by the General Health Questionnaire and randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups, ie, a CCH group, a meditation group, or a control group, for 8 consecutive weeks. Changes in physiological parameters were measured before, during, and after treatment. Results: CCH and meditation showed their strength in the respective indices of stress. There was a significant difference in respiratory rate, heart rate, and electromyographic scores between the groups. Comparing pre- and post-effects, a decrease in heart rate and an increase in skin temperature was seen in subjects who practiced CCH. Increased skin temperature and decreased respiratory rate were also seen in subjects who practiced meditation, along with reduced muscle tension and heart rate. Conclusion: CCH and meditation have good effects in stress reduction. CCH is a particularly promising new approach to reducing stress.Keywords: calligraphic handwriting, meditation, stress reduction, intervention

  11. A Comparison of Speckle Reduction Techniques in Medical Ultrasound Imaging

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    Cristina STOLOJESCU-CRISAN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Speckle noise is a multiplicative noise that degrades the visual evaluation in ultrasound imaging. In addition, it limits the efficient application of intelligent image processing algorithms, such as segmentation techniques. Thus, speckle noise reduction is considered an essential pre-processing step. The objective of this paper is to carry out a comparative evaluation of speckle filtering techniques, based on two image quality evaluation metrics, the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR, and the Structural SIMilarity (SSIM index, and visual evaluation.

  12. Mechanisms of gas exchange response to lung volume reduction surgery in severe emphysema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cremona, George; Barberà, Joan A; Barbara, Joan A; Melgosa, Teresa; Appendini, Lorenzo; Roca, Josep; Casadio, Caterina; Donner, Claudio F; Rodriguez-Roisin, Roberto; Wagner, Peter D

    2011-04-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) improves lung function, respiratory symptoms, and exercise tolerance in selected patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who have heterogeneous emphysema. However, the reported effects of LVRS on gas exchange are variable, even when lung function is improved. To clarify how LVRS affects gas exchange in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 23 patients were studied before LVRS, 14 of whom were again studied afterwards. We performed measurements of lung mechanics, pulmonary hemodynamics, and ventilation-perfusion (Va/Q) inequality using the multiple inert-gas elimination technique. LVRS improved arterial Po₂ (Pa(O₂)) by a mean of 6 Torr (P = 0.04), with no significant effect on arterial Pco₂ (Pa(CO₂)), but with great variability in both. Lung mechanical properties improved considerably more than did gas exchange. Post-LVRS Pa(O₂) depended mostly on its pre-LVRS value, whereas improvement in Pa(O(2)) was explained mostly by improved Va/Q inequality, with lesser contributions from both increased ventilation and higher mixed venous Po(2). However, no index of lung mechanical properties correlated with Pa(O₂). Conversely, post-LVRS Pa(CO₂) bore no relationship to its pre-LVRS value, whereas changes in Pa(CO₂) were tightly related (r² = 0.96) to variables, reflecting decrease in static lung hyperinflation (intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure and residual volume/total lung capacity) and increase in airflow potential (tidal volume and maximal inspiratory pressure), but not to Va/Q distribution changes. Individual gas exchange responses to LVRS vary greatly, but can be explained by changes in combinations of determining variables that are different for oxygen and carbon dioxide.

  13. Comparison of Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy with Open Surgery for Adrenal Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsun-Shuan Wang

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of laparoscopy in the management of adrenal tumors is well established. However, there are very few head-to-head comparisons between laparoscopic and open methods at the same institution. We retrospectively evaluated the operative and postoperative parameters of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal tumors and compared the results with those of traditional open adrenalectomy. Eighty-eight patients with adrenal tumors underwent adrenalectomy between January 1997 and October 2008 at our institute. Clinical data were retrospectively collected after assigning the patients into Group I (n = 51, who underwent the laparoscopic method, and Group II (n = 37, who underwent the traditional open method, by reviewing the patients' charts and related data. Patients in Group I experienced significantly less blood loss (88.6 ± 93.0 mL vs. 321.4 ± 265.4mL, p < 0.01, shorter hospital stay (6.7 ± 4.3 days vs. 11.3 ± 5.4 days, p < 0.01 and earlier oral intake (1.5 ± 0.6 daysvs. 2.2 ± 0.8 days, p < 0.01 postoperatively. In Group I, eight patients had adrenal tumors larger than 6 cm and no statistically significant differences were found compared with the other patients in Group I. Two patients in Group I had malignancies and no local or port site recurrence was found at regular follow-up. There was no mortality in either group. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe, effective and minimally invasive approach with the advantages of better cosmesis, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay and more rapid recovery. We recommend that laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered as the gold standard procedure for adrenal tumors, irrespective of whether the tumor is benign or malignant.

  14. Comparison of Three Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Methods for Revision Surgery for Recurrent Herniation After Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Yuan; Zhang, Huiyu; Wu, Junlong; Liu, Huan; Zhang, Zhengfeng; Tang, Yu; Zhou, Yue

    2017-04-01

    Patients who experience a recurrence of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) need to undergo revision surgery when they fail to respond to conservative therapy. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF), microendoscopic discectomy (MED), and PELD are 3 common minimally invasive surgical approaches for PELD recurrence. However, there have been no studies that have focused on the selection of the minimally invasive surgical method for PELD recurrence. Seventy-four patients who underwent revision surgery (MIS-TLIF, 26 cases; MED, 20 cases; PELD, 28 cases) for PELD recurrence were enrolled in this study. The preoperative characteristics and perioperative data were collected. Additionally, the clinical outcomes (visual analogue scale, Oswestry Disability Index, and the 12-item Short Form Health Survey) were collected and assessed at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively. No significant differences in clinical outcomes over time were observed between these 3 surgical approaches. MED and PELD were associated with greater pain-relief effects at 1 month after surgery than MIS-TLIF, but this effect equalized at 3 months postoperatively. MED and PELD exhibited the advantages of reductions in operation time, blood loss, hospital stay and total cost compared to MIS-TLIF. However, MED and PELD also were significantly associated with greater recurrence rates than MIS-TLIF. None of the three surgical approaches exhibited clear advantages in long-term pain or functional scores. MED and PELD were associated with lower costs and better perioperative effects than MIS-TLIF. However, compared with MIS-TLIF, the higher recurrence rates of MED and PELD should not be ignored. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and impairs lung function. People need to stop smoking several weeks before surgery so that the defense mechanisms of the respiratory system can recover. Doctors' evaluations The surgeon does a ...

  16. Exploring the effects of dimensionality reduction in deep networks for force estimation in robotic-assisted surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aviles, Angelica I.; Alsaleh, Samar; Sobrevilla, Pilar; Casals, Alicia

    2016-03-01

    Robotic-Assisted Surgery approach overcomes the limitations of the traditional laparoscopic and open surgeries. However, one of its major limitations is the lack of force feedback. Since there is no direct interaction between the surgeon and the tissue, there is no way of knowing how much force the surgeon is applying which can result in irreversible injuries. The use of force sensors is not practical since they impose different constraints. Thus, we make use of a neuro-visual approach to estimate the applied forces, in which the 3D shape recovery together with the geometry of motion are used as input to a deep network based on LSTM-RNN architecture. When deep networks are used in real time, pre-processing of data is a key factor to reduce complexity and improve the network performance. A common pre-processing step is dimensionality reduction which attempts to eliminate redundant and insignificant information by selecting a subset of relevant features to use in model construction. In this work, we show the effects of dimensionality reduction in a real-time application: estimating the applied force in Robotic-Assisted Surgeries. According to the results, we demonstrated positive effects of doing dimensionality reduction on deep networks including: faster training, improved network performance, and overfitting prevention. We also show a significant accuracy improvement, ranging from about 33% to 86%, over existing approaches related to force estimation.

  17. Comparison of the epilepsy surgery programs in Cartagena, Colombia, and Zürich, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tureczek, I E; Fandiño-Franky, J; Wieser, H G

    2000-01-01

    The organization, financing, productivity, quality of work, and cost-effectiveness of the Epilepsy Center in Cartagena, Colombia, were studied and compared with the epilepsy surgery program at the University Hospital Zürich, Switzerland. During a 2-month visit, one of the authors (I.T.) evaluated the center in Cartagena as a welfare institution and evaluated its epilepsy surgery program. The postoperative results of the Cartagena program were compared with those reported at the Second International Palm Desert Conference 1992, which revealed a similar rate of postoperative seizure control in temporal lobe epilepsy, slightly inferior results with hemispherectomy, and slightly better results with anterior callosotomy. A comparison between the two epilepsy centers showed that pre and postoperative antiepileptic drug treatment is more restricted in Colombia because of high costs. Although important diagnostic tools such as electroencephalography, seizure monitoring, neuropsychology, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are available in both centers, the Zürich program also has access to positron emission tomography, single photon emission computed tomography, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and intracarotid and selective amobarbital tests. The postoperative seizure outcome is similar in surgical temporal lobe epilepsy patients (temporal lobectomy series, Cartagena; selective amygdalohippocampectomy series, Zürich). The comparison of direct costs of epilepsy surgery in Cartagena and Zürich showed that for the average patient undergoing epilepsy surgery in Cartagena, the cost is 5.5% of that in Zürich. This study presents evidence that epilepsy surgery is an inexpensive and efficient treatment option for epilepsy patients in developing countries. Epilepsy surgery in developing countries may even be considered at an early stage in patients who cannot afford the costs of lifetime medical treatment but can afford the one-time cost of a surgical

  18. A comparison of three different orthognatic surgery methods on the range of mandibular movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Refoua Y

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ghazvin University of Medical Sciences A lot of studies have discussed the reduction of mandibular movements range after orthognatic surgeries. The present study focuses on the conventional orthognatic surgery methods to determine the method with the least effects on mandibular movements. Sixty patients were investigated in a prospective study. They were divided, based on the surgical method, into three groups. In the first group (20 patients sagital osteotomy, in the second group extra oral vertical osteotomy for mandibular retrusion, and in the third group simultanouse Bimax osteotomies of the upper and lower jaws, were performed. The surgical method applied for maxilla was Lefort 1 osteotmy to protrude the upper jaw and of the lower jaw was extraoral vertical osteotmy. The range of mouth opening, in centrals region, right and left lateral movements and protrusive movements, before and three months after surgery, were measured. Sagital osteotomy method (the first group showed the most changes and reduction in movements, while the least changes were observed in extraoral vertical method (the second group.

  19. The effect of yoga in stress reduction for dental students performing their first periodontal surgery: A randomized controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Shankarapillai

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The dental students experience a lot of stress, which increase when they perform their first surgical procedure. Yoga as an anxiolytic tool in anxiety reduction has been practiced over centuries in India. Aim: To assess the efficacy of yoga in reducing the state trait anxiety of dental students before their first periodontal surgery performance. Settings and Design: A randomized controlled study using a two-way split plot design (pre-post-test was conducted in the department of periodontics, Pacific Dental College, Udaipur, India. Materials and Methods: One hundred clinical dental students who were ready to perform their first periodontal surgery were selected. Students were randomly assigned to two groups and were given a 60-min session on stress reduction. Group A, yogic intervention group, were instructed to do yoga and their performances were monitored for a period of one week and Group B, control group, were given a lecture on stress reduction without any yoga instructions. The investigator who was unaware of the groups had taken the state trait anxiety score of the students three times a before assigning them to each group, b prior to the surgical procedure and c immediately after the performance of surgery. Statistical Analysis Used: Analyses of variance (ANOVA by SPSS V.16. Results: The statistical results showed a significant reduction in the VAS and state trait anxiety of Group A compared to Group B (ANOVA; P<0.001. Conclusions: This study concludes that Yogic breathing has a significant effect on the reduction of state trait anxiety level of dental students.

  20. Reversal of neuromuscular blockade by sugammadex in laparoscopic bariatric surgery: In support of dose reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badaoui, Rachid; Cabaret, Aurélie; Alami, Youssef; Zogheib, Elie; Popov, Ivan; Lorne, Emmanuel; Dupont, Hervé

    2016-02-01

    Sugammadex is the first molecule able to antagonize steroidal muscle relaxants with few adverse effects. Doses are adjusted to body weight and the level of neuromuscular blockade. Sleeve gastrectomy is becoming a very popular form of bariatric surgery. It requires deep muscle relaxation followed by complete and rapid reversal to decrease postoperative and especially post-anaesthetic morbidity. Sugammadex is therefore particularly indicated in this setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the deep neuromuscular blockade reversal time after administration of various doses of sugammadex (based on real weight or at lower doses). Secondary endpoints were the interval between the sugammadex injection and extubation and transfer from the operating room to the recovery room. We then investigated any complications observed in the recovery room. This pilot, prospective, observational, clinical practice evaluation study was conducted in the Amiens University Hospital. Neuromuscular blockade was induced by rocuronium. At the end of the operation, deep neuromuscular blockade was reversed by sugammadex at the dose of 4mg/kg. Sixty-four patients were included: 31 patients received sugammadex at a dosage based on their real weight (RW) and 33 patients received a lower dose (based on ideal weight [IW]). For identical rocuronium doses calculated based on IBW, sugammadex doses were significantly lower in the IW group: 349 (± 65) mg versus 508 (± 75) mg (P<0.0001). Despite this dose reduction, neuromuscular blockade reversal took 115 (± 69) s in the IW group versus 87 (± 40) s in the RW group, but with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.08). The intervals between injection of sugammadex and extubation (P=0.07) and transfer from the operating room to the recovery room (P=0.68) were also non-significantly longer in the IW group. The mean dose of sugammadex used by anaesthetists in the IW group was 4mg/kg of ideal weight increased by 35% to 50% (n

  1. Investigating Mental Status and Body Image in Cosmetic Surgery Applicants in Comparison with Non-applicants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Khanjani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Today revising and rethinking of the appearance and eliminating its flaws, real or imaginary, through cosmetic surgery is the main concern of some individuals. This study was conducted in order to compare the body image, depression and anxiety disorders between applicants of cosmetic surgery and non-applicants. Methods: The present study is of cause–comparison type. Cosmetic surgery applicants involved 62 participants who were selected by available sampling from those who referred to specialized centers for cosmetic surgery in Urumia during a three-month period; the non-applicants were homogenized with applicants regarding their age, gender, and level of education who were selected from the applicants’ relatives. So the study subjects were 124 individuals. Data were collected via a questionnaire about demographic characteristics, SCL-90-R and PSDQ questionnaires. The data were submitted to SPSS (ver. 16 and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, multivariable analysis of variance (MANOVA, and t-test. Results: Results showed that there is a significant difference between applicants for cosmetic surgery and non-applicants in regard to body image, depression and anxiety disorders. Conclusion: Like other medical specialties, cosmetic surgical interventions should undergo precise clinical trial before exerting on the patients. Therefore, Assessment and encouraging patients to refer to psychiatrists and consultants before operation is significant.

  2. Reduction of preoperative anxiety in pediatric surgery patients using age-appropriate teaching interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Jennifer Nadine; Hooper, Vallire D; Masiongale, James

    2012-04-01

    More than 5 million children in the United States undergo surgery annually. Of those 5 million children, 50% to 75% experience considerable fear and anxiety preoperatively. Preoperative anxiety in children is associated with a number of adverse postoperative outcomes, such as increased distress in the recovery phase, and postoperative regressive behavioral disturbances, such as nightmares, separation anxiety, eating disorders, and bedwetting. Preparing the pediatric patient adequately for surgery can prevent many behavioral and physiological manifestations of anxiety. Children are most susceptible to the stress of surgery owing to their limited cognitive capabilities, greater dependence on others, lack of self-control, limited life experience, and poor understanding of the health care system. This article will review the literature on preoperative interventional teaching strategies to reduce preoperative anxiety in children and discuss the methods available for evidence-based preparation of children undergoing surgery. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. Model-based comparison of strategies for reduction of stormwater micropollutant emissions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vezzaro, Luca; Sharma, Anitha Kumari; Mikkelsen, Peter Steen

    Strategies for reduction of micropollutant (MP) emissions from stormwater systems require the comparison of different scenarios including source control, end-of-pipe treatment, or their combination. Dynamic integrated models can be important tools for this comparison, as they can integrate the li...... can provide to the management of stormwater pollution.......Strategies for reduction of micropollutant (MP) emissions from stormwater systems require the comparison of different scenarios including source control, end-of-pipe treatment, or their combination. Dynamic integrated models can be important tools for this comparison, as they can integrate...... the limited data provided by monitoring campaigns and evaluate the performance of different strategies based on model simulation results. This study presents an example where an integrated dynamic model, in combination with stormwater quality measurements, was used to evaluate 6 different strategies...

  4. Comparison of antibacterial-coated and non-coated suture material in intraoral surgery by isolation of adherent bacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Pelz

    2015-09-01

    In terms of the total number of oral bacteria, and especially oral pathogens, that adhered to suture material, no reduction was demonstrated for Vicryl Plus. The use of triclosan-coated suture material offers no advantage in intraoral surgery.

  5. Displaced supracondylar humeral fractures: influence of delay of surgery on the incidence of open reduction, complications and outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, Timo; Joeris, Alexander; Slongo, Theddy; Ahmad, Sufian S; Ziebarth, Kai

    2015-07-01

    Closed reduction and pinning is the accepted treatment choice for dislocated supracondylar humeral fractures in children (SCHF). Rates of open reduction, complications and outcome are reported to be dependent on delay of surgery. We investigated whether delay of surgery had influence on the incidence of open reduction, complications and outcome of surgical treatment of SCHFs in the authors' institution. Three hundred and forty-one children with 343 supracondylar humeral fractures (Gartland II: 144; Gartland III: 199) who underwent surgery between 2000 and 2009 were retrospectively analysed. The group consisted of 194 males and 149 females. The average age was 6.3 years. Mean follow-up was 6.2 months. Time interval between trauma and surgical intervention was determined using our institutional database. Clinical and radiographical data were collected for each group. Influence of delay of treatment on rates of open reduction, complications and outcome was calculated using logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, patients were grouped into 4 groups of delay (24 h, n = 14) and the aforementioned variables were compared among these groups. The incidence of open procedures in 343 supracondylar humeral fractures was 2.6 %. Complication rates were similar to the literature (10.8 %) primarily consisting of transient neurological impairments (9.0 %) which all were fully reversible by conservative treatment. Poor outcome was seen in 1.7 % of the patients. Delay of surgical treatment had no influence on rates of open surgery (p = 0.662), complications (p = 0.365) or poor outcome (p = 0.942). In this retrospective study delay of treatment of SCHF did not have significant influence on the incidence of open reduction, complications, and outcome. Therefore, in SCHF with sufficient blood perfusion and nerve function, elective treatment is reasonable to avoid surgical interventions in the middle of the night which are stressful and wearing both for patients and for

  6. "Comparison of the analgesic profile and side effects of tramadol vs pethidine, following urologoical surgery "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The optimization of pain management following surgery with minimal side effects, is one the major goals of surgical and medical teams. In this randomized double blind study, sixty ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologist class I or II patients, undergoing urological surgery, were assessed to receive either pethidine or tramadol using a standard method for general anesthesia. Pain intensity was assessed by verbal rating, through a 4-step scaling system. Results of this investigation have revealed that the mean total drug administered in tramadol group were 244.53 + 56.95 mg and in pethidine group 176.78+42.99 mg respectively. There were no significant differences in analgesic effect, observed in either group during early hours following surgery, but after 8,12 and 16 hours significant differences were observed. Analgesic properties of tramadol were almost comparable with pethidine nevertheless; pethidine was superior in some extent. No significant differences in patient’s PaO2 were found, but PaCO2 at 1 and 4 hours after surgery had a greater retention in pethidine group. (P<0.001. There was a significant reduction in respiratory rate in pethidine group at 4,8,12 and 16 hours following surgery, compared with tramadol group (P<0.001. Incidence of dizziness was greater in patients who received pethidine (P<0.001, and sweating was higher in tramadol group (P<0.01. Also there was a greater need for metoclopramide to overcome nausea in tramadol group (P<0.05. Results of this study may suggest that tramadol could be considered as a safe and effective analgesic, following urological surgery as compared with pethidine

  7. Transforming Patient Value: Comparison of Hospital, Surgical, and General Surgery Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitt, Henry A; Tsypenyuk, Ella; Freeman, Susan L; Carson, Steven R; Shinefeld, Jonathan A; Hinkle, Sally M; Powers, Benjamin D; Goldberg, Amy J; DiSesa, Verdi J; Kaiser, Larry R

    2016-04-01

    Patient value (V) is enhanced when quality (Q) is increased and cost (C) is diminished (V = Q/C). However, calculating value has been inhibited by a lack of risk-adjusted cost data. The aim of this analysis was to measure patient value before and after implementation of quality improvement and cost reduction programs. Multidisciplinary efforts to improve patient value were initiated at a safety-net hospital in 2012. Quality improvement focused on adoption of multiple best practices, and minimizing practice variation was the strategy to control cost. University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) risk-adjusted quality (patient mortality + safety + satisfaction + effectiveness) and cost (length of stay + direct cost) data were used to calculate patient value over 3 fiscal years. Normalized ranks in the UHC Quality and Accountability Scorecard were used in the value equation. For all hospital patients, quality scores improved from 50.3 to 66.5, with most of the change occurring in decreased mortality. Similar trends were observed for all surgery patients (42.6 to 48.4) and for general surgery patients (30.9 to 64.6). For all hospital patients, cost scores improved from 71.0 to 2.9. Similar changes were noted for all surgical (71.6 to 27.1) and general surgery (85.7 to 23.0) patients. Therefore, value increased more than 30-fold for all patients, 3-fold for all surgical patients, and almost 8-fold for general surgery patients. Multidisciplinary quality and cost efforts resulted in significant improvements in value for all hospitalized patients as well as general surgery patients. Mortality improved the most in general surgery patients, and satisfaction was highest among surgical patients. Copyright © 2016 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Comparison of Iontophoretic Lidocaine to EMLA Cream for Pain Reduction Prior to Intravenous Fannulation in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-10-01

    ophthalmology, Pain Reduction 15 and dentistry are some of the more documented disciplines in the literature (Banga & Chien, 1988). Many of these...equally effective in reducing pain. The authors noted that these results confirm similar results from previous studies performed on the analgesic ...1998). Comparison of the analgesic effects of EMLA (eutectic mixture of local anesthetics) to intradermal lidocaine infiltration prior to venous

  9. COMPARISON OF WEST GERMAN AND U.S. FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION AND SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION COSTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report documents a comparison of the actual cost retrofitting flue gas desulfurization (FGD) and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) on Federal Republic of German (FRG) boilers to cost estimating procedures used in the U.S. to estimate the retrofit of these controls on U.S. b...

  10. Body image and quality of life in patients with and without body contouring surgery following bariatric surgery: a comparison of pre- and post-surgery groups

    OpenAIRE

    Martina eDe Zwaan; Ekaterini eGeorgiadou; Christine Elisabeth Stroh; Martin eTeufel; Hinrich eKöhler; Maxi eTengler; Astrid eMüller

    2014-01-01

    Background: Massive weight loss (MWL) following bariatric surgery frequently results in an excess of overstretched skin causing physical discomfort and negatively affecting quality of life, self-esteem, body image, and physical functioning. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 3 groups were compared: (1) patients prior to bariatric surgery (n = 79), (2) patients after bariatric surgery who had not undergone body contouring surgery (BCS) (n = 252), and (3) patients after bariatric surgery...

  11. Longer-term Baerveldt to Trabectome glaucoma surgery comparison using propensity score matching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostanyan, Tigran; Shazly, Tarek; Kaplowitz, Kevin B; Wang, Steven Z; Kola, Sushma; Brown, Eric N; Loewen, Nils A

    2017-12-01

    To apply propensity score matching to compare Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant (BGI) to Trabectome-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT). Recent data suggests that AIT can produce results similar to BGI which is traditionally reserved for more severe glaucoma. BGI and AIT patients with at least 1 year of follow-up were included. The primary outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), number of glaucoma medications, and a Glaucoma Index (GI) score. GI reflected glaucoma severity based on visual field, the number of preoperative medications, and preoperative IOP. Score matching used a genetic algorithm consisting of age, gender, type of glaucoma, concurrent phacoemulsification, baseline number of medications, and baseline IOP. Patients with neovascular glaucoma, with prior glaucoma surgery, or without a close match were excluded. Of 353 patients, 30 AIT patients were matched to 29 BGI patients. Baseline characteristics including, IOP, the number of glaucoma medications, type of glaucoma, the degree of VF loss and GI were not significantly different between AIT and BGI. BGI had a preoperative IOP of 21.6 ± 6.3 mmHg compared to 21.5 ± 7.4 for AIT on 2.8 ± 1.1 medications and 2.5 ± 2.3 respectively. At 30 months, the mean IOP was 15.0 ± 3.9 mmHg for AIT versus 15.0 ± 5.7 mmHg for BGI (p > 0.05), while the number of drops was 1.5 ± 1.3 for AIT (change: p = 0.001) versus 2.4 ± 1.2 for BGI (change: p = 0.17; AIT vs BGI: 0.007). Success, defined as IOP  0.05) and 50% versus 52% at 2.5 years. A propensity score matched comparison of AIT and BGI demonstrated a similar IOP reduction through 1 year. AIT required fewer medications.

  12. Comparison of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Parasternal Block for Postoperative Pain Management after Cardiac Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilgun Kavrut Ozturk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Parasternal block and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS have been demonstrated to produce effective analgesia and reduce postoperative opioid requirements in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Objectives. To compare the effectiveness of TENS and parasternal block on early postoperative pain after cardiac surgery. Methods. One hundred twenty patients undergoing cardiac surgery were enrolled in the present randomized, controlled prospective study. Patients were assigned to three treatment groups: parasternal block, intermittent TENS application, or a control group. Results. Pain scores recorded 4 h, 5 h, 6 h, 7 h, and 8 h postoperatively were lower in the parasternal block group than in the TENS and control groups. Total morphine consumption was also lower in the parasternal block group than in the TENS and control groups. It was also significantly lower in the TENS group than in the control group. There were no statistical differences among the groups regarding the extubation time, rescue analgesic medication, length of intensive care unit stay, or length of hospital stay. Conclusions. Parasternal block was more effective than TENS in the management of early postoperative pain and the reduction of opioid requirements in patients who underwent cardiac surgery through median sternotomy. This trial is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov number NCT02725229.

  13. Quantitative modelling for wait time reduction: A comprehensive simulation applied in general surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanberkel, Peter T.; Blake, J.T.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis describes the use of operational research techniques to analyze the wait list for the division of general surgery at the Capital District Health Authority (CDHA) in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. A comprehensive simulation model was developed to facilitate capacity planning decisions and

  14. A comprehensive simulation for wait time reduction and capacity planning applied in general surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanberkel, P.T.; Blake, John T.

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the use of operational research techniques to analyze the wait list for the Division of General Surgery at the Capital District Health Authority in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. A discrete event simulation model was developed to aid capacity planning decisions and to analyze the

  15. Laparoscopic Reduction and Closure of an Internal Hernia Secondary to Gynecologic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Sakamoto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed. Intraoperatively, there was an incarcerated internal hernia in the pelvis, located in the vesicouterine pouch, which was reduced. The orifice of the hernia was a 2 cm defect caused by adhesions between the uterus and bladder. The defect was closed with a continuous suture. The herniated bowel was viable, and the operation was completed without intestinal resection. She was discharged four days after surgery without complications. Laparoscopy is useful to diagnose bowel obstruction in selected patients and may also be used for definitive therapy. It is important to understand pelvic anatomy and consider an internal hernia of the pelvic cavity in females, in the differential diagnosis of bowel obstruction, especially those with a history of gynecological surgery.

  16. Impact of a Glaucoma Severity Index on Results of Trabectome Surgery: Larger Pressure Reduction in More Severe Glaucoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewen, Ralitsa T.; Roy, Pritha; Parikh, Hardik A.; Dang, Yalong; Schuman, Joel S.; Loewen, Nils A.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To stratify outcomes of trabectome-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT) by glaucoma severity using a simple and clinically useful glaucoma index. Based on prior data of trabectome after failed trabeculectomy, we hypothesized that more severe glaucoma might have a relatively more reduced facility compared to mild glaucoma and respond with a larger IOP reduction to trabecular meshwork ablation. Methods Patients with primary open angle glaucoma who had undergone AIT without any other same session surgery and without any second eye surgery during the following 12 months were analyzed. Eyes of patients that had less than 12 months follow up or were diagnosed with neovascular glaucoma were excluded. A glaucoma index (GI) was created to capture glaucoma severity based on visual field, number of preoperative medications, and preoperative IOP. Visual field (VF) was separated into 3 categories: mild, moderate, and advanced (assigned 1, 2, and 3 points, respectively). Preoperative number of medications (meds) was divided into 4 categories: ≤1, 2, 3 or ≥4, and assigned with a value of 1 to 4. Baseline IOP (IOP) was divided into 3 categories: 12–18 (Group 3) and >18 (Group 4). Linear regression was used to determine if there was an association between GI group and IOP reduction after one year or age, gender, race, diagnosis, cup to disc (C/D) ratio, and Shaffer grade. Results Out of 1340 patients, 843 were included in the analysis. The GI group distribution was GI1 = 164, GI2 = 202, GI3 = 260, and GI4 = 216. Mean IOP reduction after one year was 4.0±5.4, 6.4±5.8, 9.0±7.6, 12.0±8.0 mmHg for GI groups 1 to 4, respectively. Linear regression showed that IOP reduction was associated with GI group after adjusting for age, gender, race, diagnosis, cup to disc ratio, and Shaffer grade. Each GI group increase of 1 was associated with incremental IOP reductions of 2.95±0.29 mmHg. Success rate at 12 months was 90%, 77%, 77%, and 71% for GI groups 1 to 4. The log

  17. Effect of Weight Reduction Following Bariatric Surgery on Serum Visfatin and Adiponectin Levels in Morbidly Obese Subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Adipokines are signaling and mediator proteins secreted from adipose tissue. A novel adipokine, visfatin, was reported as a protein which was mainly expressed in visceral adipose tissue. Controversial results have been shown regarding the changes of adipokines following weight reduction. So we investigated the effects of weight reduction on serum concentrations of adiponectin and visfatin in morbidly obese subjects. Methods: 35 severely obese patients (26 females and 9 males, aged 15-58 years, were studied. Anthropometric parameters and biochemical parameters as well as adiponectin and visfatin were analyzed before and 6 weeks after weight reduction. Results: Anthropometric indices decreased significantly. Blood levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride were reduced significantly. The reduction of visfatin and the elevation of adiponectin were significant as well. However, other parameters like fasting glucose and insulin did not change. Moreover, we could not find any significant correlation between the change of serum visfatin and that of adiponectin. Conclusions: 6-week weight reduction after bariatric surgery resulted in decreased serum visfatin and increased adiponectin levels. However, we cannot find any significant correlation between changes of adiponectin, visfatin, BMI, waist circumference, and insulin resistance. Further studies with different design are suggested to clarify these associations.

  18. The comparison of patient satisfaction after “surgery first” and conventional orthognathic surgery: An original research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pritam Mohanty

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims and Objectives: We evaluated the factors which affect patient satisfaction and their expectations toward “surgery first” and conventional orthognathic surgery. Materials and Methods: Questionnaires consisting of 17 questions were given to the subjects postoperatively who had undergone Le fort 1 maxillary superior impaction for skeletal gummy smile correction with conventional orthognathic surgery and “surgery first” approach. Eleven-point rating scale based on a (visual analog scale; 0 = poor; 10 = excellent were used to answer six questions. Ten closed-form questions were also included as well as one open question for “further remarks.” Results: Nineteen patients (12 females, 07 males; mean age, 23.4 ± 4.9 [standard deviation] years gave their consent to participate in the study. The intention to undergo surgery only for esthetics was noted in 42.11% of patients; only improvement of chewing function in 21.05% and both in 36.84%. Conclusion: The most common factor for patient satisfaction after “surgery first” and conventional orthognathic surgery was facial esthetics, but masticatory function and even psychological aspects should be considered equally when planning surgery. The patient satisfaction was more in “surgery first” than conventional orthognathic surgery. The timing of treatment and immediate results are important factors toward patient satisfaction.

  19. Junior plastic surgeon's confidence in aesthetic surgery practice: a comparison of two didactic systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterodimas, Aris; Boriani, Filippo; Bogetti, Paolo; Radwanski, Henrique N; Bruschi, Stefano; Pitanguy, Ivo

    2010-08-01

    The importance of residents' training in aesthetic surgery and the need for acquiring confidence in performing cosmetic procedures is an established knowledge. A survey was done in two different training systems to evaluate the experience of junior plastic surgeons in performing four common aesthetic surgery procedures at the end of their residency. The first system guarantees a theoretical background and a certain number of aesthetic procedures to be performed by the trainee, in contrast to the second system where mainly theoretical knowledge in cosmetic surgery is warranted to residents. The residents' comfort in performing specific operations was quite varied between the two systems. The comparison showed that junior plastic surgeons reached a higher degree of self-confidence in aesthetic practice in system A when compared to system B. The similarities and differences between the two systems are analysed and discussed. The possibility of reforming residency programmes by following the structure and the philosophy of system A is proposed. Copyright 2009 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Comparison of outcome between older and younger patients following surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jannasch, Olof; Voigt, Christian; Reschke, Kirsten; Lippert, Hans; Mroczkowski, Paweł

    2013-10-01

    The aim of the study was to compare preoperative findings, serum levels of calcium and parathormone (PTH) and outcome of patients undergoing surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) aged over 70 years with younger patients. Between January 1, 1996 and September 30, 2011 186 patients underwent surgery for pHPT. Patient data were collected from chart reviews and an electronically stored database. Groups were defined as patients aged 70 years or older and patients younger than 70 years. Outcome comparison included operation time, tumor size, pre- and postoperative serum levels of calcium and PTH and length of stay in hospital. Complications were defined as clinical and laboratory signs of hypocalcemia, persistent elevated serum calcium, temporary or persistent recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis, bleeding with need for reoperation, surgical site infection or need of tracheotomy. Parathyroidectomy alone was performed in 39.2% of patients. In 60.8% partial or total thyroidectomy was conducted simultaneously. More older patients had history of stroke and/or suffered from diabetes. Preoperative serum calcium and PTH did not differ between groups, but older patients displayed higher postoperative serum calcium (p=0.01). No significant differences between the two groups were observed regarding duration of surgery, surgical success rates, postoperative complications and hospitalization time. Even though older patients had more risk factors, our data suggest that there was no difference in surgical management and outcome. Decision for surgical management of pHPT should be done regardless of age.

  1. Association between reduction of plasma adiponectin levels and risk of bacterial infection after gastric cancer surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Yamamoto

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Infections are important causes of postoperative morbidity after gastric surgery; currently, no factors have been identified that can predict postoperative infection. Adiponectin (ADN mediates energy metabolism and functions as an immunomodulator. Perioperative ADN levels and perioperative immune functioning could be mutually related. Here we evaluated a potential biological marker to reliably predict the incidence of postoperative infections to prevent such comorbidities. METHODS: We analyzed 150 consecutive patients who underwent elective gastric cancer surgery at the Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital (Shiga, Japan from 1997 to 2009; of these, most surgeries (n = 100 were performed 2008 onwards. The patient characteristics and surgery-related factors between two groups (with and without infection were compared by the paired t-test and χ(2 test, including preoperative ADN levels, postoperative day 1 ADN levels, and ADN ratio (postoperative ADN levels/preoperative ADN levels as baseline factors. Logistic regression analysis was performed to access the independent association between ADN ratio and postoperative infection. Finally, receiver operating curves (ROCs were constructed to examine its clinical utility. RESULTS: Sixty patients (40% experienced postoperative infections. The baseline values of age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, total operating time, blood loss, surgical procedure, C-reactive protein (CRP levels, preoperative ADN levels, and ADN ratio were significantly different between groups. Logistic regression analysis using these factors indicated that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM and ADN ratio were significantly independent variables (*p<0.05, ** p<0.01, respectively. ROC analysis revealed that the useful cutoff values (sensitivity/specificity for preoperative ADN levels, ADN ratio, blood loss, operating time, and CRP levels were 8.81(0.567/0.568, 0.76 (0

  2. Comparison of fiber delivered CO2laser and electrocautery in transoral robot assisted tongue base surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaman, Murat; Gün, Taylan; Temelkuran, Burak; Aynacı, Engin; Kaya, Cem; Tekin, Ahmet Mahmut

    2017-05-01

    To compare intra-operative and post-operative effectiveness of fiber delivered CO 2 laser to monopolar electrocautery in robot assisted tongue base surgery. Prospective non-randomized clinical study. Twenty moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, non-compliant with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), underwent Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) using the Da Vinci surgical robot in our University Hospital. OSA was treated with monopolar electrocautery in 10 patients, and with flexible CO 2 laser fiber in another 10 patients. The following parameters in the two sets are analyzed: Intraoperative bleeding that required cauterization, robot operating time, need for tracheotomy, postoperative self-limiting bleeding, length of hospitalization, duration until start of oral intake, pre-operative and post-operative minimum arterial oxygen saturation, pre-operative and post-operative Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, postoperative airway complication and postoperative pain. Mean follow-up was 12 months. None of the patients required tracheotomy and there were no intraoperative complications related to the use of the robot or the CO 2 laser. The use of CO 2 laser in TORS-assisted tongue base surgery resulted in less intraoperative bleeding that required cauterization, shorter robot operating time, shorter length of hospitalization, shorter duration until start of oral intake and less postoperative pain, when compared to electrocautery. Postoperative apnea-hypopnea index scores showed better efficacy of CO 2 laser than electrocautery. Comparison of postoperative airway complication rates and Epworth sleepiness scale scores were found to be statistically insignificant between the two groups. The use of CO 2 laser in robot assisted tongue base surgery has various intraoperative and post-operative advantages when compared to monopolar electrocautery.

  3. Cost Reductive Laparoendoscopic Single Site Surgery Endotrainer and Animal Lab Training—Our Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manickam Ramalingam

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoendoscopic single site surgery (LESS is a new avenue in laparoscopic urology. The main advantage is the enhanced cosmetic benefits of single hidden scar. Lately many papers are being published on various procedures done by LESS. Like conventional laparoscopy, this approach is likely to be used more widely and hence exposure to this field is essential. However, formal training in this technique is not widely available. Expensive ports and nonavailability of endotrainer may be the factors deterring the training. We have modified the standard laparoscopic endotrainer with improvised ports, to make it suitable for single port laparoscopic training. For the animal lab training improvised ports and low cost instruments were used. Thus the overall cost of the training in LESS was reduced, and better confidence levels were achieved prior to human applications.

  4. Cybertherapy--new applications for discomfort reductions. Surgical care unit of heart, neonatology care unit, transplant kidney care unit, delivery room-cesarean surgery and ambulatory surgery, 27 case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosso, José Luis; Rizzo, Skip; Wiederhold, Brenda; Lara, Verónica; Flores, Jesús; Espiritusanto, Edmundo; Minor, Arturo; Santander, Amador; Avila, Omar; Balice, Osvaldo; Benavides, Benjamin

    2007-01-01

    We demonstrate the feasibility of virtual reality scenarios to reduce discomfort in patients during ambulatory and obstetric surgeries and patients hospitalized in postoperative care units from Cardiac, nephrology, and neonatology unirs. 27 patients have been participated in this preliminary reports from 3 public hospitals from Mexico city in 2006. The VR scenarios were developed in the Virtual Reality Medical Center of San Diego CA, USA, and the HMD is from the Southern University of los Angeles, CA, USA. The majority of patients demonstrated comfort with virtual scenarios during surgical procedures or hospitalization. In ambulatory surgeries the reduction of medication dosage was real. We present the first applications in surgery, obstetrics and care units. The preliminary results must be supported in the future with more number of cases and statistical results; however we can predict the usefulness because we have found reduction of medication in ambulatory surgeries. Explore new applications in different areas in medicine is a challenge of Virtual Reality.

  5. Pulmonary embolism in spine surgery: a comparison of combined anterior/posterior approach versus posterior approach surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Han Jo; Kepler, Christopher; Cunningham, Matthew; Rawlins, Bernard; Boachie-Adjei, Oheneba

    2011-01-15

    retrospective review. to determine if Anterior/Posterior Combined approach spine surgery is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary embolism (PE) compared to Posterior Only approach surgery. combined anterior/posterior approach spine surgery is associated with a significantly increased risk for PE. However, it is uncertain if there is any difference in risk between combined approaches versus a posterior-only approach. a prospective cohort of patients who underwent anterior/posterior combined approach spine surgery from January 2002 to January 2006 was compared to a retrospective cohort of consecutive patients who underwent posterior only approach spine surgery from September2007 to September 2008. Patient demographics, medical history, body-mass indexes, type of surgery, length of surgery, transfusions, and instrumented vertebral levels were collected from hospital and office records. Hospital records were used to identify patients who developed PE based on diagnosis by spiral CT scan. CT scans were only performed when a patient's clinical picture raised suspicion of PE. Fisher exact test for significance, χ test and odds ratios were used for analysis. a total of 119 patients were included in the study: 63 patients underwent posterior approach spine surgery and 66 patients underwent combined anterior/posterior approach surgery. One patient (1.6%) developed PE after posterior approach surgery while 5 patients (7.5%) developed PE in the combined approach group. Those undergoing combined approaches were 5.08 times more likely to suffer from PE, but this increase was not significant (P = 0.208). Overall, increased risk for PE was associated with the number of levels fused (P = 0.006), total blood loss (P = 0.029), and number of units transfused (P = 0.030). The combined approach was associated with older age (P spine surgery is associated with an increased risk for pulmonary embolism compared to posterior only approaches. However, regardless of the surgical

  6. Comparison of the roles of serratiopeptidase and dexamethasone in the control of inflammation and trismus following impacted third molar surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murugesan, K; Sreekumar, K; Sabapathy, B

    2012-01-01

    Surgical extraction of lower 3 rd molar is the most frequent intervention in oral surgery. This procedure is often associated with significant post operative swelling that may have both biological and social implications. Various studies have been done using different anti inflammatory drugs to study their impact on inflammation. This study was conducted on 110 patients who had undergone surgical removal of mandibular third molar. The subjects were divided into two groups by double blind method. In addition to post operative swelling and pain , trismus was evaluated using two different groups of drugs. One group was administered 1 mg of dexamethazone every 8 hours for 3 days post operatively. The other group was administered 10 mg of serratiopaptidase every 8 hours for 3 days post operatively. Swelling, pain and trismus were assessed on the 1 st , 3 rd , 5 th and 7 th post operative days. The results of the studies were statistically analysed. The results showed dexamethazone was more effective in reduction of swelling and pain in comparison with serratiopaptidase. Both dexamethazone and serratiopaptidase had the same effect on trismus.

  7. Comparison of the roles of serratiopeptidase and dexamethasone in the control of inflammation and trismus following impacted third molar surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Murugesan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Surgical extraction of lower 3 rd molar is the most frequent intervention in oral surgery. This procedure is often associated with significant post operative swelling that may have both biological and social implications. Various studies have been done using different anti inflammatory drugs to study their impact on inflammation. Material and Methods: This study was conducted on 110 patients who had undergone surgical removal of mandibular third molar. The subjects were divided into two groups by double blind method. In addition to post operative swelling and pain , trismus was evaluated using two different groups of drugs. Results: One group was administered 1 mg of dexamethazone every 8 hours for 3 days post operatively. The other group was administered 10 mg of serratiopaptidase every 8 hours for 3 days post operatively. Swelling, pain and trismus were assessed on the 1 st , 3 rd , 5 th and 7 th post operative days. The results of the studies were statistically analysed. Conclusion: The results showed dexamethazone was more effective in reduction of swelling and pain in comparison with serratiopaptidase. Both dexamethazone and serratiopaptidase had the same effect on trismus.

  8. Body image and quality of life in patients with and without body contouring surgery following bariatric surgery: a comparison of pre- and post-surgery groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Zwaan, Martina; Georgiadou, Ekaterini; Stroh, Christine E; Teufel, Martin; Köhler, Hinrich; Tengler, Maxi; Müller, Astrid

    2014-01-01

    Massive weight loss (MWL) following bariatric surgery frequently results in an excess of overstretched skin causing physical discomfort and negatively affecting quality of life, self-esteem, body image, and physical functioning. In this cross-sectional study 3 groups were compared: (1) patients prior to bariatric surgery (n = 79), (2) patients after bariatric surgery who had not undergone body contouring surgery (BCS) (n = 252), and (3) patients after bariatric surgery who underwent subsequent BCS (n = 62). All participants completed self-report questionnaires assessing body image (Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, MBSRQ), quality of life (IWQOL-Lite), symptoms of depression (PHQ-9), and anxiety (GAD-7). Overall, 62 patients (19.2%) reported having undergone a total of 90 BCS procedures. The most common were abdominoplasties (88.7%), thigh lifts (24.2%), and breast lifts (16.1%). Post-bariatric surgery patients differed significantly in most variables from pre-bariatric surgery patients. Although there were fewer differences between patients with and without BCS, patients after BCS reported better appearance evaluation (AE), body area satisfaction (BAS), and physical functioning, even after controlling for excess weight loss and time since surgery. No differences were found for symptoms of depression and anxiety, and most other quality of life and body image domains. Our results support the results of longitudinal studies demonstrating significant improvements in different aspects of body image, quality of life, and general psychopathology after bariatric surgery. Also, we found better AE and physical functioning in patients after BCS following bariatric surgery compared to patients with MWL after bariatric surgery who did not undergo BCS. Overall, there appears to be an effect of BCS on certain aspects of body image and quality of life but not on psychological aspects on the whole.

  9. Body image and quality of life in patients with and without body contouring surgery following bariatric surgery: a comparison of pre- and post-surgery groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina eDe Zwaan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Massive weight loss (MWL following bariatric surgery frequently results in an excess of overstretched skin causing physical discomfort and negatively affecting quality of life, self-esteem, body image and physical functioning.Methods: In this cross-sectional study 3 groups were compared: 1 patients prior to bariatric surgery (n=79, 2 patients after bariatric surgery who had not undergone BCS (n=252, and 3 patients after bariatric surgery who underwent subsequent body contouring surgery (BCS (n=62. All participants completed self-report questionnaires assessing body image (MBSRQ, quality of life (IWQOL-Lite, symptoms of depression (PHQ-9 and anxiety (GAD-7.Results: Overall, 62 patients (19.2% reported having undergone a total of 90 BCS procedures. The most common were abdominoplasties (88.7%, thigh lifts (24.2%, and breast lifts (16.1%. Post-bariatric surgery patients differed significantly in most variables from pre-bariatric surgery patients; however, there were fewer differences between patients with and without BCS. Patients after BCS reported better appearance evaluation, body area satisfaction, and physical functioning, even after controlling for excess weight loss and time since surgery. No differences were found for symptoms of depression and anxiety, and most other quality of life and body image domains. Discussion: Our results support the results of longitudinal studies demonstrating significant improvements in different aspects of body image, quality of life, and general psychopathology after bariatric surgery. Also, we found better appearance evaluation and physical functioning in patients after BCS following bariatric surgery compared to patients with MWL after bariatric surgery who did not undergo BCS. Overall, there appears to be an effect of BCS on certain aspects of body image and quality of life but not on psychological aspects on the whole.

  10. Body image and quality of life in patients with and without body contouring surgery following bariatric surgery: a comparison of pre- and post-surgery groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Zwaan, Martina; Georgiadou, Ekaterini; Stroh, Christine E.; Teufel, Martin; Köhler, Hinrich; Tengler, Maxi; Müller, Astrid

    2014-01-01

    Background: Massive weight loss (MWL) following bariatric surgery frequently results in an excess of overstretched skin causing physical discomfort and negatively affecting quality of life, self-esteem, body image, and physical functioning. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 3 groups were compared: (1) patients prior to bariatric surgery (n = 79), (2) patients after bariatric surgery who had not undergone body contouring surgery (BCS) (n = 252), and (3) patients after bariatric surgery who underwent subsequent BCS (n = 62). All participants completed self-report questionnaires assessing body image (Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, MBSRQ), quality of life (IWQOL-Lite), symptoms of depression (PHQ-9), and anxiety (GAD-7). Results: Overall, 62 patients (19.2%) reported having undergone a total of 90 BCS procedures. The most common were abdominoplasties (88.7%), thigh lifts (24.2%), and breast lifts (16.1%). Post-bariatric surgery patients differed significantly in most variables from pre-bariatric surgery patients. Although there were fewer differences between patients with and without BCS, patients after BCS reported better appearance evaluation (AE), body area satisfaction (BAS), and physical functioning, even after controlling for excess weight loss and time since surgery. No differences were found for symptoms of depression and anxiety, and most other quality of life and body image domains. Discussion: Our results support the results of longitudinal studies demonstrating significant improvements in different aspects of body image, quality of life, and general psychopathology after bariatric surgery. Also, we found better AE and physical functioning in patients after BCS following bariatric surgery compared to patients with MWL after bariatric surgery who did not undergo BCS. Overall, there appears to be an effect of BCS on certain aspects of body image and quality of life but not on psychological aspects on the whole. PMID:25477839

  11. Reduction of the dimensionality of the EEG channels during scoliosis correction surgeries using a wavelet decomposition technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Kadi, Mahmoud I; Reaz, Mamun Bin Ibne; Ali, Mohd Alauddin Mohd; Liu, Chian Yong

    2014-07-21

    This paper presents a comparison between the electroencephalogram (EEG) channels during scoliosis correction surgeries. Surgeons use many hand tools and electronic devices that directly affect the EEG channels. These noises do not affect the EEG channels uniformly. This research provides a complete system to find the least affected channel by the noise. The presented system consists of five stages: filtering, wavelet decomposing (Level 4), processing the signal bands using four different criteria (mean, energy, entropy and standard deviation), finding the useful channel according to the criteria's value and, finally, generating a combinational signal from Channels 1 and 2. Experimentally, two channels of EEG data were recorded from six patients who underwent scoliosis correction surgeries in the Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM) (the Medical center of National University of Malaysia). The combinational signal was tested by power spectral density, cross-correlation function and wavelet coherence. The experimental results show that the system-outputted EEG signals are neatly switched without any substantial changes in the consistency of EEG components. This paper provides an efficient procedure for analyzing EEG signals in order to avoid averaging the channels that lead to redistribution of the noise on both channels, reducing the dimensionality of the EEG features and preparing the best EEG stream for the classification and monitoring stage.

  12. Reduction of the Dimensionality of the EEG Channels during Scoliosis Correction Surgeries Using a Wavelet Decomposition Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud I. Al-Kadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a comparison between the electroencephalogram (EEG channels during scoliosis correction surgeries. Surgeons use many hand tools and electronic devices that directly affect the EEG channels. These noises do not affect the EEG channels uniformly. This research provides a complete system to find the least affected channel by the noise. The presented system consists of five stages: filtering, wavelet decomposing (Level 4, processing the signal bands using four different criteria (mean, energy, entropy and standard deviation, finding the useful channel according to the criteria’s value and, finally, generating a combinational signal from Channels 1 and 2. Experimentally, two channels of EEG data were recorded from six patients who underwent scoliosis correction surgeries in the Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM (the Medical center of National University of Malaysia. The combinational signal was tested by power spectral density, cross-correlation function and wavelet coherence. The experimental results show that the system-outputted EEG signals are neatly switched without any substantial changes in the consistency of EEG components. This paper provides an efficient procedure for analyzing EEG signals in order to avoid averaging the channels that lead to redistribution of the noise on both channels, reducing the dimensionality of the EEG features and preparing the best EEG stream for the classification and monitoring stage.

  13. The effectiveness of systematic perioperative oral hygiene in reduction of postoperative respiratory tract infections after elective thoracic surgery in adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Preben Ulrich; Larsen, Palle; Håkonsen, Sasja Jul

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections are a significant contributor to patient morbidity and mortality. Nosocomial infections significantly increase hospital length of stay and total hospital costs. Thoracic surgery, mechanical ventilation and/or admission to an intensive care unit are known...... to increase patients' risk for nosocomial respiratory tract infection. OBJECTIVES: To identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of systematic perioperative oral hygiene in the reduction of postoperative respiratory airway infections in adult patients undergoing...... or plaques and/or systematic use of mouth rinse) performed by patients themselves or by healthcare staff (such as nurses).Randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies.Nosocomial infections, specifically respiratory tracts infections, and surgical site infections SEARCH STRATEGY: Multiple...

  14. One-off surgery of posterior reduction and fixation for the treatment of basilar invagination with atlantoaxial dislocation

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    LIU Jia-gang

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the surgical treatment and clinical results for the primary basilar invagination (BI with atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD. Methods A retrospective study was performed. The study included 89 patients who had primary BI and AAD were surgically treated in our hospital from January 2008 to December 2011. There were 28 males and 61 females, aged between 10 and 69 years (mean 45.42 years. All patients were treated by the same 3-step surgical method. The first step, reduction of the AAD was performed by homemade odontoid repositor intraoperatively through posterior approach; the second step, AO stainless steel plates were fixed between the occiput and C2, 3 lateral mass screws; and the third step, occipitocervical fusion were completed by autologous iliac crest graft. Operation effect was recorded during follow-up period. Results Follow-up period was 6 to 48 months. Clinical symptoms were improved in 82.93% patients after the surgery. Japanse Orthopaedic Association (JOA score increased from preoperative (8.80 ± 1.36 points to postoperative (15.35 ± 1.47 points (t = 17.225, P = 0.001. In general, satisfactory decompression and bony fusion were shown on postoperative radiological examinations for all patients. Compared with pretreatment data, the postoperative imaging measurement showed that the mean data of atlanto-dental interval (ADI, 9.22 mm vs 3.72 mm and vertical dimension from the top of odontoid process to Chamberlain line (10.41 mm vs 3.23 mm were all reduced, and the cervicomedullary angle (130° vs 150° and space available of spinal cord (SAC, 11.13 mm vs 15.54 mm were all improved. Conclusion The one-off surgery of posterior reduction technique and fixing between occiput and C2, 3 lateral mass screws is a safe, easy, and effective treatment for patients with p

  15. Comparison of Locoregional Recurrence with Mastectomy vs. Breast Conserving Surgery in Pregnancy Associated Breast Cancer (PABC

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    Paniti Sukumvanich

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available We have compared outcomes, including the locoregional recurrence, between mastectomy and breast conserving therapy in PABC. Patients were divided into those who were treated with mastectomies (group 1 and those with breast conserving surgery (group 2. The groups were comparable except for lower mean age in group 2 and more patients with stage III disease and higher number of nodes positive in the group 1. Five-year actuarial LRR, distant metastases free survival and overall survival in group 1 vs. 2 were 10% vs. 37%, 73% vs. 81% and 57% vs. 59% respectively. The patients with PABC treated with breast conserving therapy, despite having lower stage disease, have a higher risk of local regional recurrence in comparison with those treated with mastectomy.

  16. Comparison of commercial fibrin sealants in facelift surgery: a prospective study

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    Botti G

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Giovanni Botti,1 Michele Pascali,2 Chiara Botti,1 Florian Bodog,3 Pietro Gentile,2 Valerio Cervelli2 1Villa Bella Clinic, Salò, 2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy; 3University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two types of fibrin glue in patients undergoing facelift surgery. Methods: A prospective, controlled "right-left side" study was carried out in 20 patients. The two fibrin sealants used were Quixil® and Tissucol®. The two sealants were used at the same time, ie, one on one side of the face and the other on the contralateral side. Comparisons were made with regard to rates of hematoma and seroma, degree of induration, edema, ecchymosis, pain levels, and patient satisfaction. Results: The results were almost equivalent. The only exception was a significant (40 mL hematoma in a patient treated with Quixil. Bleeding was most likely due to a sudden rise in blood pressure during the immediate postoperative period. However, it must be emphasized that, while Tissucol actually seals the undermined area, thus virtually eliminating the dead space, Quixil acts differently, in that its effectiveness in preventing hematoma is linked mainly to its hemostatic effect. Conclusion: The two fibrin sealants used were nearly identical with regard to patient safety and quality of the result. Nevertheless, it is noted that, while Tissucol has both hemostatic and "gluing" effects, Quixil is mainly effective in securing hemostasis. Keywords: facelift surgery, rhytidectomy, fibrin sealants, hematoma

  17. Comparison of tropicamide and cyclopentolate for cycloplegic refractions in myopic adult refractive surgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmeister, Elizabeth M; Kaupp, Sandor E; Schallhorn, Steven C

    2005-04-01

    To compare tropicamide 1%, a shorter-acting cycloplegic agent, with cyclopentolate 1% for cycloplegic refractions in adult refractive surgery patients. Navy Refractive Surgery Center, Ophthalmology, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, California. The study was prospective, single center, with randomized sequencing of cycloplegic agent; each patient received both agents. Thirty consecutive myopic adult refractive surgery patients (mean age 35.4 years) participated. A complete preoperative examination, including cycloplegic refraction, was obtained twice, 1 week apart. The patient and the examiner were masked to the medication. Main outcome measures included cycloplegic and manifest refractions, best corrected distance acuity, near-point accommodation, pupil diameters, and subjective appraisal of experience with cycloplegic agents. Twenty-eight of 30 patients completed both examinations. Both eyes were measured, but comparisons were limited to right and left eyes, independently. No statistically significant difference was found between the tropicamide and cyclopentolate cycloplegic refractions (mean difference in MSE +/- SD, OD=0.054 +/- 0.214 diopters (D), t=1.33, P=.10; OS=0.054 +/- 0.253 D, t=1.12, P=.14). Five eyes of 3 patients had a difference of 0.50 D or greater between the 2 agents; less myopia with cyclopentolate. Near-point testing revealed less residual accommodation with cyclopentolate (difference in MSE, OD=-0.27 +/- 0.51 D, t=2.68, P=.006; OS=-0.32 +/- 0.49 D, t=3.46, P=.001). Subjectively, 24 of 28 (86%) patients preferred tropicamide, 1 (4%) preferred cyclopentolate, and 3 (10%) had no preference. There was no statistically significant difference in mean cycloplegic refractions. Cyclopentolate was more effective than tropicamide in reducing accommodative amplitude in adult myopes (near-point testing). Patients strongly preferred tropicamide.

  18. Appropriate blood component therapy can reduce postcardiac surgery acute kidney injury through packed cell transfusion reduction

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    Kianoush Saberi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI can happen due to different factors such as anemia. Packed cell (PC transfusion is an important cause of AKI occurrence. The aim of the study is to investigate whether appropriate blood component (BC therapy can reduce blood transfusion and it would result in AKI decreasing. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cohort study of 1388 patients who underwent cardiac surgery in one university hospital. A serum creatinine higher than 2 mg/dl, renal disease history, renal replacement therapy (chronic dialysis were our exclusion criteria. Results: from our 1088 samples, 701 (64.43% patients had normal kidney function, 277 (25.45% were in the AKI-1 group, 84 (7.72% had an AKI-2 function, and the rest of patients were classified as end stage. A mean of more than three PC units were transfused for the second and third stage of AKI, which was significantly higher than other AKI groups (P = 0.009; this higher demand of blood product was also true about the fresh frozen plasma, platelet, and fibrinogen. However, there were no needs of fibrinogen in the patients with normal kidney function. The cardiopulmonary bypass time had an average of 142 ± 24.12, which obviously was higher than other groups (P = 0.032. Total mortality rate was 14 out of 1088 (1.28%, and expiration among the AKI stages 2 and 3 was meaningfully (P = 0.001 more than the other groups. Conclusion: A more occurrence of AKI reported for the patients who have taken more units of blood. However, BC indicated to be safer for compensating blood loss because of low AKI occurrence among our patients.

  19. Effectiveness and efficacy of minimally invasive lung volume reduction surgery for emphysema

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    Pertl, Daniela

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available [english] Lung emphysema is a chronic, progressive and irreversible destruction of the lung tissue. Besides non-medical therapies and the well established medical treatment there are surgical and minimally invasive methods for lung volume reduction (LVR to treat severe emphysema. This report deals with the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of minimally invasive methods compared to other treatments for LVR in patients with lung emphysema. Furthermore, legal and ethical aspects are discussed. No clear benefit of minimally invasive methods compared to surgical methods can be demonstrated based on the identified and included evidence. In order to assess the different methods for LVR regarding their relative effectiveness and safety in patients with lung emphysema direct comparative studies are necessary.

  20. Ocular biometric parameters associated with intraocular pressure reduction after cataract surgery in normal eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hyun Seung; Lee, Junsung; Choi, Sangkyung

    2013-07-01

    To evaluate the ocular biometric parameters associated with intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction after phacoemulsification. Prospective, observational case series. The study included 999 patients who had undergone uncomplicated phacoemulsification. IOP and ocular biometric parameters were checked preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively using anterior segment optical coherence tomography, optical biometry, and ultrasonic biomicroscopy. The relationship between IOP change and the parameters, including preoperative IOP, anterior chamber depth, axial length, angle opening distance at 500 μm, anterior chamber area, corneal thickness, lens thickness, and iris thickness at 750 μm, was evaluated. The mean patient age was 67.1 ± 4.3 years. The average change in IOP was -1.6 mm Hg (-11.8%). In univariate analysis, axial length, corneal thickness, and iris thickness were not significantly associated with IOP reduction. However, preoperative IOP, anterior chamber depth, angle opening distance, anterior chamber area, and lens thickness were significantly associated with IOP change (P < .05). Furthermore, changes in anterior chamber depth (standardized coefficient beta [B] = -0.082), angle opening distance (B = -0.095), and anterior chamber area (B = -0.380) were more strongly correlated with IOP change than were preoperative factors (B = -0.078, B = -0.071, and B = -0.067, respectively). In multivariate analysis, preoperative IOP, lens thickness, angle opening distance change, and anterior chamber area change were significantly associated with IOP change (P < .005). In addition to preoperative IOP and lens thickness, parameters such as changes in anterior chamber area and angle opening distance were significantly associated positively with reduced IOP after phacoemulsification. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Comparison on the efficacy of dexpanthenol in sea water and saline in postoperative endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fooanant, Supranee; Chaiyasate, Saisawat; Roongrotwattanasiri, Kannika

    2008-10-01

    To compare the efficacy of dexpanthenol spray and saline irrigation in the postoperative care of sinusitis patients following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). One hundred twenty eight sinusitis patients undergoing ESS were randomly allocated to receive dexpanthenol spray (Mar plus) or saline irrigation twice a day for 4 weeks after the operation. Total nasal symptom score, crusting, infection, compliance, and patient satisfaction were evaluated at 1, 2-3, 4-6, and 12 weeks. Mucociliary clearance was assessed with the saccharin test before ESS and at the last visit. One hundred ten patients remained at the present study termination. Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test were employed. Total nasal symptom score, mucociliary clearance, and infection improved in both groups after the operation. The dexpanthenol group resulted in a better mucociliary clearance than saline irrigation (9.93 +/- 6.04 vs. 12.38 +/- 9.32 min, p = 0.43). Saline irrigation resulted in a greater reduction of post nasal drip than dexpanthenol at the first visit (74% vs. 87%, p = 0.04). Compliance and patient satisfaction were comparable. The efficacy of dexpanthenol was comparable to nasal saline irrigation in the postoperative care of sinusitis patients following endoscopic sinus surgery. Dexpanthenol is an alternative treatment, which may be useful in young children and complicated cases.

  2. Comparison of time required for traditional versus virtual orthognathic surgery treatment planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wrzosek, M K; Peacock, Z S; Laviv, A; Goldwaser, B R; Ortiz, R; Resnick, C M; Troulis, M J; Kaban, L B

    2016-09-01

    Virtual surgical planning (VSP) is a tool for predicting complex surgical movements in three dimensions and it may reduce preoperative laboratory time. A prospective study to compare the time required for standard preoperative planning versus VSP was conducted at Massachusetts General Hospital from January 2014 through January 2015. Workflow data for bimaxillary cases planned by both standard techniques and VSP were recorded in real time. Time spent was divided into three parts: (1) obtaining impressions, face-bow mounting, and model preparation; (2) occlusal analysis and modification, model surgery, and splint fabrication; (3) online VSP session. Average times were compared between standard treatment planning (sum of parts 1 and 2) and VSP (sum of parts 1 and 3). Of 41 bimaxillary cases included, 20 were simple (symmetric) and 21 were complex (asymmetry and segmental osteotomies). Average times for parts 1, 2, and 3 were 4.43, 3.01, and 0.67h, respectively. The average time required for standard treatment planning was 7.45h and for VSP was 5.10h, a 31% time reduction (Porthognathic surgery cases. Copyright © 2016 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Treatment of dens fractures with posterior atlantoaxial dislocation with transoral atlantoaxial reduction plate surgery: case report and introduction of a novel treatment option.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Kai; Xu, JunJie; Wang, Qing; Wang, GaoJu; Wu, ZengHui; Xia, Hong; Yin, Qing Shui

    2012-04-01

    Case report. To describe a rare old dens fracture with posterior atlantoaxial dislocation that was treated with transoral atlantoaxial reduction plate surgery. Dens fractures with posterior atlantoaxial displacement are not common and cause ventral compression of the spinal cord. Management of this type of fracture is through skull traction and external fixation, posterior laminectomy and fusion, or transoral reduction and posterior fusion. A 38-year-old man sustained a car accident and was diagnosed with type II dens fractures (the classification system of Anderson and D'Alonzo) and posterior atlantoaxial dislocation. The neurological function of the patient was C grade according to the standard neurological classification of spinal cord injury from the American Spinal Association. Because of multiple trauma involving the head, lung, and the abdomen, he was treated with skull traction with about 10° of flexion. No signs of reduction were observed. The patient was treated operatively 70 days after the injury. We performed a transoral atlantoaxial reduction plate surgery using a transoral approach for release, reduction, and fixation. Finally, anterior fusion with iliac bone graft was applied. Complete atlantoaxial reduction and decompression of the spinal cord were achieved. The patient felt better after surgery. Movement of his extremities raised from grade II-III force to grade IV-V, and neurological status improved from American Spinal Association grade C to D. The treatment option achieved instant reduction, decompression, and fixation. A new treatment option for this type of injury is recommended.

  4. Comparison of Direct Solar Energy to Resistance Heating for Carbothermal Reduction of Regolith

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muscatello, Anthony C.; Gustafson, Robert J.

    2011-01-01

    A comparison of two methods of delivering thermal energy to regolith for the carbo thermal reduction process has been performed. The comparison concludes that electrical resistance heating is superior to direct solar energy via solar concentrators for the following reasons: (1) the resistance heating method can process approximately 12 times as much regolith using the same amount of thermal energy as the direct solar energy method because of superior thermal insulation; (2) the resistance heating method is more adaptable to nearer-term robotic exploration precursor missions because it does not require a solar concentrator system; (3) crucible-based methods are more easily adapted to separation of iron metal and glass by-products than direct solar energy because the melt can be poured directly after processing instead of being remelted; and (4) even with projected improvements in the mass of solar concentrators, projected photovoltaic system masses are expected to be even lower.

  5. Body image and quality of life in patients with and without body contouring surgery following bariatric surgery: a comparison of pre- and post-surgery groups

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    de Zwaan, Martina; Georgiadou, Ekaterini; Stroh, Christine E; Teufel, Martin; Köhler, Hinrich; Tengler, Maxi; Müller, Astrid

    2014-01-01

    Massive weight loss (MWL) following bariatric surgery frequently results in an excess of overstretched skin causing physical discomfort and negatively affecting quality of life, self-esteem, body image, and physical functioning...

  6. Reduction and fixation capabilities of different plate designs for pubic symphysis disruption: a biomechanical comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizanis, Antonius; Garcia, Patric; Santelmann, Maike; Culemann, Ulf; Pohlemann, Tim

    2013-02-01

    Typical stabilisation of pelvic open book injuries consists in plate fixation of the symphysis, leading to many different plate designs and procedures that have evolved. However, implant loosening and development of chronic instability are still evident and represent major complications after plate fixation of the symphysis. The aim of this study was to analyse reduction and fixation capabilities of different classical plate techniques with dynamic compression (DC), prebending or modern interlocking screws. Compression injuries (OTA B1.1) were simulated on synthetic composite pelvises. Sensor films placed in the disrupted symphysis allowed assessment of reduction and compression forces, as well as contact characteristics by implants at defined time points under static non loaded conditions. The commercially available steel plates used in our study differed in curved design, prebending and DC- or locking screw capabilities, as narrow large fragment (4.5) or small fragment plates (3.5). DC procedure clearly increased the compressive force in the symphysis and improved the reduction by enhanced contact areas. These effects were preserved to the end of the experiments only when the plates were prebended (10°). Anatomically contoured and prebended 3.5 plates had a similar effect, but the contact area was even more pronounced. Best results were observed using the "3.5 symphyseal plate" with DC-effect medially and locking screws laterally. Purely interlocking screw plates by themselves allowed an optimal contact area, yet failed to preserve the initial compressive reduction force. The experimental results suggest a biomechanical advantage in using prebended plates for symphysis fixation compared to non-bended plates. Best results with regard to compression and increased contact area can be achieved by anatomically contoured plates with combined DC and locking screw capabilities. These findings are of special interest in pelvic surgery for choosing the right implant in

  7. The impact of robotic surgery for mid and low rectal cancer: a case-matched analysis of a 3-arm comparison--open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jeonghyun; Yoon, Kyu Jong; Min, Byung Soh; Hur, Hyuk; Baik, Seung Hyuk; Kim, Nam Kyu; Lee, Kang Young

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to clarify the impact of robotic surgery (RS) in the management of mid and low rectal cancer in comparison with open surgery (OS) and laparoscopic surgery (LS). The benefits of RS in the treatment of rectal cancer have not yet been clearly described. Using propensity scores for adjustment of sex, age, body mass index, tumor stage, and tumor height, a well-balanced cohort with 165 patients in each group, was created by matching each patient who underwent RS as the study group with one who underwent OS or LS as the control group (RS:OS = 1:1, RS:LS = 1:1 match). Pathological results, morbidity, perioperative recovery, and short-term oncological results were compared between the 3 groups. In RS and LS, the time to first flatus and resumed soft diet and length of hospital stay were significantly shortened compared with OS. Robotic surgery showed better recovery outcomes than LS with regard to time to resumed soft diet and length of hospital stay. The visual analog scale was significantly lower in the RS than in the OS and LS from postoperative days 1 to 5. The voiding problem and circumferential resection margin involvement rate were significantly lower in the RS group than in the OS group. No significant difference in 2-year disease-free survival was observed among the 3 groups. Robotic surgery may be an effective tool in the effort to maximize the advantages of minimally invasive surgery in the management of mid to low rectal cancer.

  8. Long-term results of RTOG trial 8911 (USA Intergroup 113): a random assignment trial comparison of chemotherapy followed by surgery compared with surgery alone for esophageal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelsen, David P; Winter, Katryn A; Gunderson, Leonard L; Mortimer, Joanne; Estes, Norman C; Haller, Daniel G; Ajani, Jaffer A; Kocha, Walter; Minsky, Bruce D; Roth, Jack A; Willett, Christopher G

    2007-08-20

    We update Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial 8911 (USA Intergroup 113), a comparison of chemotherapy plus surgery versus surgery alone for patients with localized esophageal cancer. The relationship between resection type and between tumor response and outcome were also analyzed. The chemotherapy group received preoperative cisplatin plus fluorouracil. Outcome based on the type of resection (R0, R1, R2, or no resection) was evaluated. The main end point was overall survival. Disease-free survival, relapse pattern, the influence of postoperative treatment, and the relationship between response to preoperative chemotherapy and outcome were also evaluated. Two hundred sixteen patients received preoperative chemotherapy, 227 underwent immediate surgery. Fifty-nine percent of surgery only and 63% of chemotherapy plus surgery patients underwent R0 resections (P = .5137). Patients undergoing less than an R0 resection had an ominous prognosis; 32% of patients with R0 resections were alive and free of disease at 5 years, only 5% of patients undergoing an R1 resection survived for longer than 5 years. The median survival rates for patients with R1, R2, or no resections were not significantly different. While, as initially reported, there was no difference in overall survival for patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy compared with the surgery only group, patients with objective tumor regression after preoperative chemotherapy had improved survival. For patients with localized esophageal cancer, whether or not preoperative chemotherapy is administered, only an R0 resection results in substantial long-term survival. Even microscopically positive margins are an ominous prognostic factor. After a R1 resection, postoperative chemoradiotherapy therapy offers the possibility of long-term disease-free survival to a small percentage of patients.

  9. C reactive protein as a predictor of anastomotic leakage in colorectal surgery. Comparison between open and laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos Fernández, María; Rivas Ruiz, Francisco; Fernández López, Alberto; Loinaz Segurola, Carmelo; Fernández Cebrián, José María; de la Portilla de Juan, Fernando

    2017-11-01

    Anastomotic leak (AL) is a serious complication in colorectal surgery due to its increase in morbidity and mortality. The aim of this prospective non-randomised study is to determine whether C-reactive Protein (CRP) is useful as a predictor of AL in patients undergoing open versus laparoscopic surgery. A total of 168 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were included. CRP was measured daily during the first 5postoperative days. Complications, specially AL, were analysed. Following an open approach 32 patients (45.7%) presented complications, 15 (18.7%) in the laparoscopic group and 12 (29.4%) in the converted group (P=0.153). Following open surgery 9 patients experienced AL, 5 were detected in the laparoscopic group and none in those converted (P=0.153). There were significant differences in CRP values between the 3 groups (P=0.03). ROC Curves showed AUC for the open and laparoscopic approach of 0.731 and 0.760 respectively. On day 4 the AUC was 0.867 for the open group and 0.914 for the laparoscopic group. Cut-off points on day 4 were: Open: 159.2mg/L; sensitivity 75%, specificity 89% and NPP 96% (P<0.001). Following laparoscopic surgery the cut-off point was 67.3%; sensitivity 100%, specificity 89.5% and NPP 100% (P=0.016). CRP on day 4 is useful to diagnose AL. Different cut-off values should be taken into account depending on the approach used. Copyright © 2017 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. Comparison of two doses of tranexamic acid on bleeding and surgery site quality during sinus endoscopy surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbasi, Hamidreza; Behdad, Shekoufeh; Ayatollahi, Vida; Nazemian, Naderali; Mirshamsi, Parvaneh

    2012-01-01

    One of the main concerns in sinus surgery is blood loss due to the high vasculature of the mucosa. Tranexamic acid (TA) is an antifibrinolytic agent which reduces bleeding following certain surgical procedures. This randomized double-blinded clinical trial was performed on 70 patients with class I and II ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) who were scheduled for endoscopic sinus surgery under general anesthesia. The average ages of the patients were 18 to 50 years old. Thirty-five patients (group A) received 5 mg/Kg of TA, and another 35 patients (group B) received 15 mg/Kg of TA. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate (HR) were documented. Also, the amount of blood loss and satisfaction scores were obtained from the surgeon in 30th, 60th, 90th, 120th and 180th minutes. All the data was analyzed by SPSS-15 software with T-test. A total of 52 males and 18 females participated in the study. There were no significant differences between the mean age, MAP, DBP, SBP and HR during surgery between groups. Blood loss was 272.74 ± 25.77 mL 242.89 ± 51.77 mL in the group A and B respectively (P control bleeding in group B was significantly less than in group A (P hemostasis and improving the quality of surgical field, surgeon satisfaction, less surgery period and bleeding volume during endoscopic sinus surgery without any significant side effects.

  11. Substantial dose reduction in modern multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT)-guided craniofacial and skull base surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Widmann, G.; Fasser, M.; Jaschke, W.; Bale, R. [Innsbruck Medical Univ. (Austria). Dept. of Radiology; Schullian, P.; Zangerl, A.; Puelacher, W. [Innsbruck Medical Univ. (Austria). Dept. of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery; Kral, F.; Riechelmann, H. [Innsbruck Medical Univ. (Austria). Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology

    2012-02-15

    Purpose: Reduction of the radiation exposure involved in image-guided craniofacial and skull base surgery is an important goal. The purpose was to evaluate the influence of low-dose protocols in modern multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) on target registration errors (TREs). Materials and Methods: An anthropomorphic skull phantom with target markers at the craniofacial bone and the anterior skull base was scanned in Sensation Open (40-slice), LightSpeed VCT (64-slice) and Definition Flash (128-slice). Identical baseline protocols (BP) at 120 kV/100 mAs were compared to the following low-dose protocols (LD) in care dose/dose modulation: (LD-I) 100 kV/35ref. mAs, (LD-II) 80 kV/40 - 41ref. mAs, and (LD-III) 80 kV/15 - 17ref. mAs. CTDIvol and DLP were obtained. TREs using an optical navigation system were calculated for all scanners and protocols. Results were statistically analyzed in SPSS and compared for significant differences (p {<=} 0.05). Results: CTDIvol for the Sensation Open/LightSpeed VCT/Definition Flash showed: (BP) 22.24 /32.48 /14.32 mGy; (LD-I) 4.61 /3.52 /1,62 mGy; (LD-II) 3.15 /2.01 /0.87 mGy; and (LD-III) na/0.76 /0.76 mGy. Differences between the BfS (Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz) reference CTDIvol of 9 mGy and the lowest CTDIvol were approximately 3-fold for Sensation Open, and 12-fold for the LightSpeed VCT and Definition Flash. A total of 33 registrations and 297 TRE measurements were performed. In all MSCT scanners, the TREs did not significantly differ between the low-dose and the baseline protocols. Conclusion: Low-dose protocols in modern MSCT provided substantial dose reductions without significant influence on TRE and should be strongly considered in image-guided surgery. (orig.)

  12. Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy for surgery patients: A comparison with previous standard of care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Anjie; Fung, Ron; Brunton, James; Dresser, Linda

    2013-01-01

    Current literature reports that outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) programs improve cure rates, and reduce length of hospitalization and costs. OPAT programs are still relatively new in Canada. To evaluate the benefits of an OPAT program initiated at a multispecialty tertiary care facility in Toronto, Ontario, compared with the previous standard of care. The present retrospective observational study was conducted using data from a group of surgical patients who were treated for active infections. Between February 1, 2010 and November 30, 2010, a total of 108 surgical patients were enrolled in the OPAT program. Patients were matched 1:1 with historical controls discharged between January 1, 2001 and January 1, 2010 according to age, sex, type of surgery, infection and comorbidities (Charlson Comorbidity Index). Cure rate, 30-day rehospitalization and length of stay were evaluated as primary end points. Of 108 eligible OPAT patients, 21 were matched to the control group using the prespecified criteria. For this cohort, the OPAT program was associated with improved cure rates (OPAT 61.7% versus control 57.1%; P>0.10), reduction in rehospitalization rate (14.3% versus 28.6%; P>0.10) and reduced length of stay (10.7 versus 13.9 days, P>0.10) compared with the control group. For this cohort of surgery patients, the OPAT program demonstrated a trend toward improved outcomes but did not achieve statistical significance. Due to the lack of statistical power, further evaluation is required to determine the full benefit of OPAT to patients and the health care system.

  13. COMPARISON OF UNILATERAL PARAVERTEBRAL BLOCK WITH SUBARACHNOID BLOCK FOR POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA IN UNILATERAL INGUINAL HERNIA SURGERIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girish Sharma

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Paravertebral Block (PVB is emerging as an alternative anaesthesia technique for inguinal hernia repair with some advantages over Subarachnoid Block (SAB. This study compares unilateral paravertebral block with subarachnoid block for postoperative analgesia in unilateral inguinal hernia surgeries. The aim of the study is to study the comparison of Paravertebral Block (PVB with Subarachnoid Block (SAB for postoperative pain at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 hours and analgesic requirement in first 24 hours in unilateral inguinal hernia surgeries. The onset and extent of sensory and motor block, time to ambulation and patient and surgeon comfort level were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty adult male patients, aged 18-65 years with American Society of Anaesthesiologist (ASA grade I and II presenting for unilateral inguinal hernia repair over a period of one year were allocated into two groups to receive SAB (Group I, 2.5 cc of 0.5% bupivacaine with clonidine 30 µg at L3-4 level or PVB (Group II, 30 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine and clonidine 30 µg given at T10, T12 and L2 level. The primary objective was to assess postoperative pain scores on Visual Analogue Scale (VAS of 0- 10 at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 hours and analgesic requirement in first 24 hours after surgery. Secondary objectives were to compare onset and depth of sensory and motor block, intraoperative haemodynamic, patient and surgeon comfort level and time for ambulation were also recorded. RESULTS Onset of sensory block was faster in Group I (4.5 ± 0.5 vs. 13.1 ± 0.6 mins. in Group II (P value ˂0.001. PVB had advantage of limited extent of sensory and motor block (T8 to L3 as compared to T6 to S5 in Group I. Postoperative Visual Analogue Scale (VAS was lower in Group II at 4, 6 and 12 hours (P value ˂0.001. The mean consumption of diclofenac sodium in first 24 hours in Group I was 72.5 mg while in Group II was 7.5 mg (P value ˂0.001. Patient (76.6% vs. 56.6% and

  14. Lung volume reduction surgery in canine model of predominantly upper lobe emphysema: advantages of new surgical system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mink, Steven N; Gonzalez, Xavier; Duke, Krika; Bautista, Edgar; Tan, Lawrence

    2004-02-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery has been shown to be an effective treatment for selected patients with advanced emphysema. Nevertheless, prolonged air leaks are a significant complication that limits the utility of this procedure. This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a novel surgical system designed to minimize this complication. In 14 dogs, severe upper lobe emphysema was produced by repeated bronchial instillations of papain administered over an approximate 6-month interval. Pulmonary function testing that included lung volumes and flows was performed at baseline, after emphysema, and at 1 month and 6 months after resection in the surgical group, while at comparable intervals in the nonsurgical group. Seven animals were randomly assigned to a surgical group to test a vacuum-assisted surgical system (VALR Surgical System; Spiration; Redmond, WA) that deploys a compression silicone sleeve over portions of the diseased tissue. The other seven dogs comprised the nonsurgical group. In both groups, emphysema increased total lung capacity (TLC) approximately 125% as compared to baseline. In the surgical group, no air leaks were observed after resection, and TLC significantly decreased at the 1-month and 6-month periods as compared with postemphysema measurements. At necropsy, histologic examination revealed fibrosis of the compressed lung contained within the sleeve and fibrotic encapsulation of the device. Two animals had evidence of localized infection. We successfully created a model of predominantly upper lobe emphysema. The vacuum-assisted surgical system provided safe and effective lung reduction without air leak complications and with sustained improvement in pulmonary function over 6 months.

  15. Comparison of the Conventional Surgery and the Surgery Assisted by 3d Printing Technology in the Treatment of Calcaneal Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Wenhao; Tao, Zhenyu; Lou, Yiting; Feng, Zhenhua; Li, Hang; Cheng, Liang; Zhang, Hui; Wang, Jianshun; Guo, Xiaoshan; Chen, Hua

    2017-09-19

    This study was aimed to compare conventional surgery and surgery assisted by 3D printing technology in the treatment of calcaneal fractures. In addition, we also investigated the effect of 3D printing technology on the communication between doctors and patients. we enrolled 75 patients with calcaneal fracture from April 2014 to August 2016. They were divided randomly into two groups: 35 cases of 3D printing group, 40 cases of conventional group. The individual models were used to simulate the surgical procedures and carry out the surgery according to plan in 3D printing group. Operation duration, blood loss volume during the surgery, number of intraoperative fluoroscopy and fracture union time were recorded. The radiographic outcomes Böhler angle, Gissane angle, calcaneal width and calcaneal height and final functional outcomes including VAS and AOFAS score as well as the complications were also evaluated. Besides, we made a simple questionnaire to verify the effectiveness of the 3D-printed model for both doctors and patients. The operation duration, blood loss volume and number of intraoperative fluoroscopy for 3D printing group was 71.4 ± 6.8 minutes, 226.1 ± 22.6 ml and 5.6 ± 1.9 times, and for conventional group was 91.3 ± 11.2 minutes, 288.7 ± 34.8 ml and 8.6 ± 2.7 times respectively. There was statistically significant difference between the conventional group and 3D printing group (p 3D printing group achieved significantly better radiographic results than conventional group both postoperatively and at the final follow-up (p 3D printing model. This study suggested the clinical feasibility of 3D printing technology in treatment of calcaneal fractures.

  16. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS™) versus standard laparoscopic surgery: a comparison of performance using a surgical simulator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Byron F; Enter, Daniel; Soper, Nathaniel J; Hungness, Eric S

    2011-02-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS™) is a potentially less invasive approach than standard laparoscopy (LAP). However, SILS™ may not allow the same level of manual dexterity and technical performance compared to LAP. We compared the performance of standardized tasks from the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) program using either the LAP or the SILS™ technique. Medical students, surgical residents, and attending physicians were recruited and divided into inexperienced (IE), laparoscopy-experienced (LE), and SILS™-experienced (SE) groups. Each subject performed standardized tasks from FLS, including peg transfer, pattern cutting, placement of ligating loop, and intracorporeal suturing using a standard three-port FLS box-trainer with standard laparoscopic instruments. For SILS™, the subjects used an FLS box-trainer modified to accept a SILS Port™ with two working ports for instruments and one port for a 30° 5-mm laparoscope. SILS™ tasks were performed with instruments capable of unilateral articulation. SILS™ suturing was performed both with and without an articulating EndoStitch™ device. Task scores, including cumulative laparoscopic FLS score (LS) and cumulative SILS™ FLS score (SS), were calculated using standard time and accuracy metrics. There were 27 participants in the study. SS was inferior to LS in all groups. LS increased with experience level, but was similar between LE and SE groups. SS increased with experience level and was different among all groups. SILS™ suturing using the articulating suturing device was superior to the use of a modified needle driver technique. SILS™ is more technically challenging than standard laparoscopic surgery. Using currently available SILS™ platforms and instruments, even surgeons with SILS™ experience are unable to match their overall LAP performance. Specialized training curricula should be developed for inexperienced surgeons who wish to perform SILS™.

  17. Effectiveness of Oral N-acetyl-cystein in Reduction of Pulmonary Complications in Smokers Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SJ Mir Hoseini

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Up to 12% of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft have pulmonary complications. Smoking can cause a six-time increase in pulmonary complication after major surgery. The most common pulmonary changes after CABG are decrease in FRC, VC and atelectasis. In this study, the effect of oral N-acetyl-cystein in reduction of severity of hypoxemia and atelectasis in current smokers who smoked more than 10 packs/year and had undergone CABG was evaluated. Methods: In the study, 54 current smoker patients were selected randomly and allocated to two drug and placebo groups. In the study group, 300mg N-acetyl-cystein (ACC long containing vitamin C was prescribed two times a day from 4 days before operation up to 3 days after surgery and in control group, effervescent vitamin C tablet was prescribed as placebo. Patients with body mass index more than 35, NYHA class IV, those who needed intra aortic balloon pump and those who needed reoperation due to bleeding were excluded from the study. In all patients, spirometry was done in the preoperative visit and FEV1/FVC was determined. Induction and maintenance of anesthesia was similar in all patients. Arterial blood gas samples were obtained immediately after anesthesia induction and 4 to 6 hours after extubation. Chest X ray was taken before, 6 to 10 hours after extubation and 3rd postoperative day. Severity of atelectasis was also measured. Quantitative & qualitative data was analyzed by ANOVA and Chi-square tests, respectively. Pvalue<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Both groups were similar with respect to demographic data including ejection fraction, NYHA class, FEV1/FVC, cigarette smoking and Lima harvesting. The ratio of arterial oxygen pressure to fraction of inspiratory oxygen Pao2/FIo2 was not significantly different after induction but this difference was strongly significant (Pvalue<0.005 after extubation. Duration of mechanical ventilation was

  18. Reduction in maximum pain after surgery in temporomandibular joint patients is associated with decreased beta-endorphin levels - a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldreich, A; Ernberg, M; Rosén, A

    2017-01-01

    The mechanisms of relief from persistent pain after temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery are not well studied. It was hypothesized that if persistent pain is relieved by TMJ surgery, up-regulated parts of the central nervous system will be desensitized and the neuroendocrine opioid release will decrease back to normal levels. Eleven female patients with a mean age of 47.4±19.4 years and with TMJ pain due to chronic closed lock were examined before and 6-24 months after TMJ discectomy. The effects on plasma β-endorphin levels, pain intensity, and pain thresholds were analyzed. Plasma β-endorphin levels (P=0.032), pain at rest (P=0.003), and movement-evoked pain (P=0.008) were all significantly reduced at follow-up. The reduction in plasma β-endorphin levels correlated with a reduction in maximum pain intensity (P=0.024) and with a longer time after surgery (P=0.041). Seven out of eight patients who reported a substantial reduction in maximum pain intensity presented a decrease in β-endorphin levels in the plasma. In conclusion, this pilot study showed a significant reduction in plasma β-endorphin levels and pain intensity at 6-24 months after TMJ surgery; plasma β-endorphin levels were correlated with time after surgery. However, the results must be interpreted with caution since this was a single-centre observational study with a small sample size. If replicated in larger sample sets, the measurement of β-endorphin levels may be of prognostic value for the treatment outcome. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  19. Effects of music intervention on anxiety and pain reduction in ambulatory maxillofacial and otorhinolaryngology surgery: a descriptive survey of 27 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keilani, Chafik; Simondet, Nicolas; Maalouf, Ramzi; Yigitoglu, Ahmet; Bougrine, Alexandre; Simon, Didier; Fligny, Isabelle

    2017-06-01

    The aim of this study is to determine patients' opinion regarding listening to music before an ambulatory maxillofacial surgery and effects on anxiety and pain reduction. This study was conducted on outpatients having a maxillofacial surgery between December 2015 and April 2016 at Poissy/Saint-Germain-en-Laye hospital (France). Patients listened with headphones to an easy-listening music in the operation theater before the first ambulation. A questionnaire including a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and anxiety was given to participants. The primary endpoint was to determine patients' opinion regarding listening to music before surgery. Secondary endpoints were to determine VAS pain mean, VAS anxiety mean before surgery, VAS anxiety mean after surgery, and if patients wanted to listen to their own playlist. We decided to compare VAS anxiety and pain mean between patients who accepted to listen to music (ALM) and who refused to listen to music (RLM). Nineteen patients ALM and 8 patients RLM to music. 78.9% of patients considered that listening to music before surgery decreased their anxiety. In patients who ALM, the mean (standard deviation, SD) of VAS pain after surgery was 3.42 (1.95), the mean (SD) of VAS anxiety before surgery was 3.1 (2.3), and the mean (SD) of VAS anxiety was 1.21 (0.85). There was a statistically significantly difference of the VAS anxiety mean (SD) before surgery between patients who ALM 3.10 (2.30) and who RLM 6.12 (1.88) (p = 0.005). There was a statistically significantly difference of the VAS anxiety mean (SD) after surgery between patients who ALM 1.21 (0.85) and who RLM 2.62 (1.30) (p = 0.009). Fifty percent of the patients wanted to choose their own music. Music seems to reduce anxiety before maxillofacial surgery. An interventional randomized study is needed to demonstrate the positive impact of music on anxiety before maxillofacial surgery.

  20. The Combined Impact of Surgical Team Education and Chlorhexidine 2% Alcohol on the Reduction of Surgical Site Infection following Cardiac Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannan, Margaret M; O'Sullivan, Katie E; Higgins, Ann M; Murphy, Ann-Marie; McCarthy, James; Ryan, Edmund; Hurley, John P

    2015-12-01

    The use of 2% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol (CHG) has been associated with reduction in catheter-related bloodstream infections and surgical site infection (SSI) in general surgery. Also, improved awareness of best practice from the perspective of the operative team is likely to result in reductions in SSI rates. This is an ambispective cohort study of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. Between January 2010 and December 2010, patients underwent surgical preparation using Alcohol Povidone Iodine (API). Between January 2011 and December 2011, the surgical team received education and switched to CHG for surgical preparation. Univariate analysis was performed to identify the impact of known risk factors for SSI. A logistic regression model was then fit to estimate the effect of education and CHG in the reduction of SSI in 2011, controlling for known SSI risk factors. There was a substantial reduction in overall SSI rate in 2011 following staff education and the introduction of CHG. The overall unadjusted SSI rate was 4.67% versus 2.08% (peducation and CHG in 2011 was a 63% reduction in SSI in cardiothoracic surgery (OR 0.37, 95% CI: 0.17-0.83, p=0.016), controlling for age, major co-morbidities, and SSI risk factors. Using CHG as pre-operative antiseptic in cardiothoracic surgery in a risk-adjusted cohort with education of the surgical team is associated with significantly lower SSI infection rates when compared with API. Emphasis must be placed on the multifactorial approach required to prevent postoperative wound infections.

  1. Structured electronic operative reporting: comparison with dictation in kidney cancer surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffer, Darryl N; Finelli, Antonio; Chow, Raymond; Liu, Justin; Truong, Tran; Lane, Kelly; Punnen, Sanoj; Knox, Jennifer J; Legere, Laura; Kurban, Ghada; Gallie, Brenda; Jewett, Michael A S

    2012-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functionality of eKidney as a structured reporting tool in operative note generation. To do this, we compared completeness and timeliness of eKidney template-generated nephrectomy OR notes with standard narrative dictation. A group of academic uro-oncologists and medical informaticians at the University Health Network designed and adopted an electronic online, point-of-care clinical documentation tool, eCancerCare(Kidney) (eKidney) for kidney cancer patient care. The optimal components of clinic and operative note templates, including those for nephrectomy, were agreed upon by expert consensus of the uro-oncologists. Clinician nephrectomy OR reports were analyzed for completeness, comparing those generated in eKidney with conventionally dictated notes. Patterns of missing information from both dictated and eKidney-generated reports were analyzed. The procedure, note completion and transcription dates were recorded which generated time intervals between these events. The records of 189 procedures were included in the analysis. Comparison of clinicians who used both note generation modalities, revealed a mean completion rate of 92% for eKidney/structured notes and 68% for dictated notes (pdictated/entered on the day of surgery. Dictated notes were transcribed to EPR a median of 2 days after dictation, however roughly 30% of dictated notes took 5 days or more to get transcribed. All notes generated using eKidney were uploaded to the EPR immediately. Our study has three significant limitations. Firstly, our study was not randomized: physicians could elect to dictate or use eKidney. Secondly, we did not identify data from dictated notes that were not captured by eKidney. Third, we did not compare the time it took physicians to complete the fields in eKidney with the time it takes to dictate a note. We have demonstrated that the use of structured reporting improves the completeness and timeliness of documentation in kidney

  2. Effect of Endovascular Interventions on General Surgery Trainee Operative Experience; a Comparison of Case Log Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Rose C; Li, Yiping; Chang, Jason S; Lew, Wesley K; Patel, Kaushal Kevin

    2016-05-01

    Vascular surgery fellowship training has evolved with the widespread adoption of endovascular interventions. The purpose of this study is to examine how general surgery trainee exposure to vascular surgery has changed over time. Review of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education national case log reports for graduating Vascular Surgery Fellows (VF), and general surgery residents (GSR) from 2001 to 2012 was performed. The number of GSR increased from 1021 to 1098, and the number of VF increased from 96 to 121 from 2001 to 2012. The total number of vascular cases done by VF increased by 1161 since 2001 (298-762), whereas the total number of vascular cases done by GSR has decreased by 40% during this time period (186-116). Vascular fellows increase was due primarily to an increase in endovascular experience; a finding not noted in general surgery residents. Vascular fellow case log changes are due primarily to an increase in endovascular experience that has not been mirrored by general surgery trainees. Open surgery experience has decreased overall for general surgery residents in all major categories, a change not seen in vascular surgery fellows. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Comparison of preoperative conjunctival bacterial flora in patients undergoing glaucoma or cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kaspar, Herminia Miño; Kreidl, Ken O; Singh, Kuldev; Ta, Christopher N

    2004-12-01

    To assess differences in conjunctival bacterial flora between patients undergoing glaucoma and cataract surgery. A prospective study comparing conjunctival bacterial cultures obtained from 339 patients undergoing either cataract (n = 258) or glaucoma (n = 81) surgery. All cultures were acquired during the preoperative visit, approximately three to seven days prior to surgery. The culture samples were inoculated onto blood and chocolate agar, as well as blood culture broth media. All bacterial isolates were identified and statistical analyses were performed to determine if there were differences in flora between the eyes undergoing cataract versus glaucoma surgery. Two hundred fifteen of 258 eyes (83%) undergoing cataract surgery were found to have positive bacterial growth, compared with 62 of 81 eyes (77%) of those undergoing glaucoma surgery (P = 0.2246). Coagulase-negative Staphylococci, the most common bacterial isolate, was cultured from 167 eyes (65%) in the cataract group and 42 (52%) in the glaucoma group (P = 0.0514). Among all bacterial isolates, only Corynebacterium species was found to be statistically different between the two patient groups with 92 (36%) and 11 (14%) eyes testing positive in the cataract and glaucoma groups, respectively (P = 0.0003). There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of conjunctival culture samples testing positive for bacterial growth in eyes undergoing glaucoma surgery compared with those undergoing cataract surgery. Glaucoma medications, or their preservatives, do not appear to significantly alter conjunctival flora. Techniques used for endophthalmitis prophylaxis prior to cataract surgery are likely appropriate for glaucoma surgery as well.

  4. Statins decrease perioperative cardiac complications in patients undergoing noncardiac vascular surgery: the Statins for Risk Reduction in Surgery (StaRRS) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neil-Callahan, Kristin; Katsimaglis, George; Tepper, Micah R; Ryan, Jason; Mosby, Carla; Ioannidis, John P A; Danias, Peter G

    2005-02-01

    We sought to assess whether statins may decrease cardiac complications in patients undergoing noncardiac vascular surgery. Cardiovascular complications account for considerable morbidity in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. Statins decrease cardiac morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary disease, and the beneficial treatment effect is seen early, before any measurable increase in coronary artery diameter. A retrospective study recorded patient characteristics, past medical history, and admission medications on all patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, aortic surgery, or lower extremity revascularization over a two-year period (January 1999 to December 2000) at a tertiary referral center. Recorded perioperative complication outcomes included death, myocardial infarction, ischemia, congestive heart failure, and ventricular tachyarrhythmias occurring during the index hospitalization. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions identified predictors of perioperative cardiac complications and medications that might confer a protective effect. Complications occurred in 157 of 1,163 eligible hospitalizations and were significantly fewer in patients receiving statins (9.9%) than in those not receiving statins (16.5%, p = 0.001). The difference was mostly accounted by myocardial ischemia and congestive heart failure. After adjusting for other significant predictors of perioperative complications (age, gender, type of surgery, emergent surgery, left ventricular dysfunction, and diabetes mellitus), statins still conferred a highly significant protective effect (odds ratio 0.52, p = 0.001). The protective effect was similar across diverse patient subgroups and persisted after accounting for the likelihood of patients to have hypercholesterolemia by considering their propensity to use statins. Use of statins was highly protective against perioperative cardiac complications in patients undergoing vascular surgery in this retrospective study.

  5. Comparison of curative surgery and definitive chemoradiotherapy as initial treatment for patients with cervical esophageal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takebayashi, Katsushi; Tsubosa, Yasuhiro; Matsuda, Satoru; Kawamorita, Keisuke; Niihara, Masahiro; Tsushima, Takahiro; Yokota, Tomoya; Sato, Hiroshi; Onozawa, Yusuke; Ogawa, Hirofumi; Kamijo, Tomoyuki; Onitsuka, Tetsuro; Nakagawa, Masahiro; Yasui, Hirofumi

    2017-02-01

    Esophagectomy and definitive chemoradiotherapy are recognized standard initial treatment modalities for cervical esophageal cancer. The goal of this study was to compare the treatment outcomes of curative surgery with those of chemoradiotherapy in patients who had potentially resectable tumor and who were candidates for surgery. We evaluated the data from 49 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with potentially resectable cervical esophageal cancer and who were deemed candidates for surgery. Thirteen patients were included in the surgery group, and 36 patients were included in chemoradiotherapy group. Baseline characteristics were balanced between the two groups. In the chemoradiotherapy group, the complete response rate was 58.3%. There was no significant difference in 5-year overall survival when comparing the surgery group and the chemoradiotherapy group (surgery, 60.6%; chemoradiotherapy, 51.4%; P = 0.89). In the chemoradiotherapy group, of the 15 patients who failed to respond to initial treatment, 11 patients subsequently underwent salvage surgery. In conclusion, curative surgery and chemoradiotherapy as initial treatment for cervical esophageal cancer have comparable survival outcomes. Chemoradiotherapy should be selected as the initial larynx-preserving treatment for patients with cervical esophageal cancer although chemoradiotherapy non-responders require additional treatment, including salvage surgery. © 2016 International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.

  6. Controlled hypotension for functional endoscopic sinus surgery: comparison of esmolol and nitroglycerine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, U; Dupargude, A B; Kumar, D; Joshi, K; Gupta, A

    2013-08-01

    Intraoperative bleeding causing poor visibility of surgical field is of major concern during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and impaired visibility may result in many complications. The study aimed to compare surgical conditions for FESS during controlled hypotension provided by esmolol or nitroglycerine (NTG) under general anaesthesia. 52 adult patients of both sexes requiring FESS under general anaesthesia were randomly divided to receive either esmolol (group ESM, n = 26) or NTG (group NTG, n = 26) to provide controlled hypotension. Surgical condition was assessed by surgeon using average category scale (ACS) of 0-5, a value of 2-3 being ideal. In both groups mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) was gradually reduced till ACS for assessment of surgical condition (ACS) of 2-3 or lowest targeted MABP (60 mm of Hg) was achieved. Both the drugs produced desired hypotension and improved surgical condition by reducing operative field bleeding but ideal operative conditions were achieved at mild hypotension (MABP 75-70) in ESM group while same conditions were achieved at MABP of 69-65 mm of Hg in NTG group. Mean heart rate was significantly higher in NTG group as compared to ESM group. Blood loss was significantly less in ESM group. Both NTG and esmolol can be used safely to provide controlled hypotension during FESS. Both the drugs improved visibility of surgical field by reducing capillary bleeding. But esmolol offered better operative conditions with only minimal reduction in MABP. No reflex tachycardia and less intraoperative haemorrhage were additional advantages of esmolol.

  7. Risk reduction before surgery. The role of the primary care provider in preoperative smoking and alcohol cessation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Hanne; Faurschou, Pernille; Ralov, Helge

    2010-01-01

    Daily smokers and hazardous drinkers are high-risk patients, developing 2-4 times more complications after surgery. Preoperative smoking and alcohol cessation for four to eight weeks prior to surgery halves this complication rate. The patients' preoperative contact with the surgical departments m...... might be too brief for the hospital to initiate these programmes. Therefore, it was relevant to evaluate a new clinical practice which combined the general practitioner's (GP) referral to surgery with a referral to a smoking and alcohol intervention in the surgical pathway.......Daily smokers and hazardous drinkers are high-risk patients, developing 2-4 times more complications after surgery. Preoperative smoking and alcohol cessation for four to eight weeks prior to surgery halves this complication rate. The patients' preoperative contact with the surgical departments...

  8. Body size preferences and desired weight of patients who have received obesity surgery and of comparison adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rand, C S; Macgregor, A M

    1995-09-01

    Patients who had received obesity surgery (n = 144) and comparison adults (n = 72) selected the most attractive male and female size and the same-sex size they most wanted to look like from an array of 15 outline drawings. Subjects also reported their height, and current and desired weights (transformed into body mass index units [BMI]). There was a remarkable consensus on the sizes considered most attractive: Two male sizes were chosen by 78% of all subjects, and two female sizes by 83%. The hypothesis that adults who had obesity surgery would idealize thin sizes and, therefore, select thinner sizes and lower weights than comparison adults was not supported. Not only did patients and comparison adults select the same desired size, but women patients desired significantly larger BMIs than comparison women. There was a large range of desired BMIs associated with each desired size; the correlation between desired BMI and desired size was significant for women but not for men. It was speculated that subjects' desired size reflected cultural norms while subjects' desired BMI was a function of their current weight. Health professionals working in weight loss and/or physical fitness areas need to help clients understand weight-size relationships so that clients can have both realistic weight and realistic size goals.

  9. Comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and alfentanil anesthesia in patients undergoing valvular heart surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bovill, J. G.; Warren, P. J.; Schuller, J. L.; van Wezel, H. B.; Hoeneveld, M. H.

    1984-01-01

    The hemodynamic responses to anesthesia and surgery were studied in three groups of 20 patients undergoing valve replacement surgery. Anesthesia was induced with either fentanyl (75 micrograms/kg), sufentanil (15 micrograms/kg), or alfentanil (125 micrograms/kg). Pancuronium (8 mg) was given for

  10. Comparison of laryngeal tube suction II and proseal LMA™ in pediatric patients, undergoing elective surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Chandrakar

    2017-01-01

    Conclusions: Pediatric size 2 LTS-II is easy to insert and provides higher OSP compared with same size PLMA in anesthetized and paralyzed children undergoing elective surgery. It is a safe alternative to PLMA in short duration elective surgeries and may be a better device as it provides for higher OSPs.

  11. [Comparison of open versus laparoscopic surgeries for adrenal tumor: a meta-analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Mao-Hu; Zhu, Xiao-Ying; Miao, Rui; He, Lei; Jia, Ning

    2016-11-20

    To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of open and laparoscopic surgeries for treatment of adrenal tumors. The online databases including CNKI, PUBMED, SinoMed, EBSCO, Springerlink, WanFang Data, and VIP were searched for clinical trials published from 1999 to 2016. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.2 software. A total of 2340 patients in 25 trials were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that laparoscopic surgery was better than open surgery in terms of intestinal function recovery time (OR=-0.96, 95%CI [-1.22, -0.70] P<0.000 01), hospitalization time (OR=-3.48, 95%CI [-4.13, -2.78], P<0.000 01), complications (OR=0.22, 95%CI [0.14, 0.35], P<0.0001), and volume of blood loss (OR=-104.77, 95%CI [-138.95, -70.60], P<0.000 01). There was no significant difference in the surgery cost between open and laparoscopic surgeries. Laparoscopic surgery is superior to open surgery for treatment of adrenal tumors for shorter intestinal function recovery time, surgery duration, and hospitalization time and less complications and blood loss.

  12. Comparison of outcomes twelve years after antireflux surgery or omeprazole maintenance therapy for reflux esophagitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundell, Lars; Miettinen, Pekka; Myrvold, Helge E

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is important to evaluate the long-term effects of therapies for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In a 12-year study, we compared the effects of therapy with omeprazole with those of antireflux surgery. METHODS: This open, parallel group study included 310 patients...... with esophagitis enrolled from outpatient clinics in Nordic countries. Of the 155 patients randomly assigned to each arm of the study, 154 received omeprazole (1 withdrew before therapy began), and 144 received surgery (11 withdrew before surgery). In patients who remained in remission after treatment, post......-fundoplication complaints, other symptoms, and safety variables were assessed. RESULTS: Of the patients enrolled in the study, 71 who were given omeprazole (46%) and 53 treated with surgery (37%) were followed for a 12-year follow-up period. At this time point, 53% of patients who underwent surgery remained in continuous...

  13. Risk reduction before surgery. The role of the primary care provider in preoperative smoking and alcohol cessation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Hanne; Faurschou, Pernille; Ralov, Helge

    2010-01-01

    Daily smokers and hazardous drinkers are high-risk patients, developing 2-4 times more complications after surgery. Preoperative smoking and alcohol cessation for four to eight weeks prior to surgery halves this complication rate. The patients' preoperative contact with the surgical departments...... might be too brief for the hospital to initiate these programmes. Therefore, it was relevant to evaluate a new clinical practice which combined the general practitioner's (GP) referral to surgery with a referral to a smoking and alcohol intervention in the surgical pathway....

  14. Comparison between syringe irrigation and RinsEndo in reduction of Enterococcus faecalis in experimentally infected root canal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharareh Mousavi Zahed

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: To ensure root canal treatment success, endodontic microbiota should be efficiently reduced. Several irrigation devices have been recently introduced with the main objective of improving root canal disinfection.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rinsing effect of RinsEndo system in reduction of enterococcus faecalis in comparison with conventional hand syringe in infected root canals.   Materials and Methods: 60 extracted single canal anterior teeth were infected with enterococcus faecalis and divided into 3 groups: RinsEndo system, conventional hand syringe and control group. The enterococcus faecalis colonies were counted in each group before and after rinsing. Data were analyzed using Variance and Kruskal Wallis test.   Results: The mean of enterococcus faecalis growth after rinsing was 3.50×103 in group with conventional syring rinsing, 2.04×103 in group with RinsEndo washing and 6.11×103 in control group. Reduction of enterococcus faecalis after rinsing was statistically significant in each group (P<0.001. The amount of reduction in number of colonies with RinsEndo and conventional syringe rinsing was higher in comparison with control group and this difference was significant (P<0.001. RinsEndo rinsing effect was statistically significantly higher in comparison to conventional syringe as well (P<0.001.   Conclusion: Rinsing with RinsEndo system was significantly more efficient in reduction of enterococcus faecalis from root canal in comparison with hand syringe washing.

  15. Investigation and comparison of the effect of two mouthrinses, Plax and Irsha on dental plaque reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saghazadeh M

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Although toothbrushing is still the most effective method in plaque reduction, it is insufficient for total plaque removal. Considering this limitation, it is suggested that toothbrushing could be aided by chemical methods. For this purpose, it is advised to use some kind of mouthrinses before toothbrushing to increase the rate of microbial plaque removal. Several prebrushing mouthrinses are available in the market and comparing their efficiency is valuable for dentists. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effect of two prebrushing mouthrinses, Plax and Irsha, on dental plaque reduction. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was carried out as an interventional and triple blind protocol, using completely random block design. For this purpose, questionnaire and initial examination chart was filled for 50 healthy volunteers between the age of 18 and 40 years and finally 30 individuals were selected based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria. If scaling and polishing was necessary, it was performed at least 2 weeks before starting the main program. Then, each volunteer participated in a 4 steps program, including one step toothbrushing without use of mouthrinse and three steps toothbrushing after use of one of the mouthrinses (Plax, Irsha, Placebo. Data were analyzed by SPSS software using factorial analysis, ANOVA and Tukey’s multiple comparison tests with p<0.05 as the limit of significance. Results: Toothbrushing without use of mouthrinse decreased the amount of plaque, significantly (P<0.0001. Use of mouthrinse without toothbrushing decreased the amount of plaque significantly (P<0.0001. The amount of plaque reduction after use of various mouthrinses (Plax, Irsha, Placebo showed no statistical differences (P=0.761. Use of the mouthrinses before toothbrushing, had no statistically significant effect on the final results after toothbrushing (P=0.331. Conclusion: According to the findings of the

  16. Gastrointestinal surgery: cardiovascular risk reduction and improved long-term survival in patients with obesity and diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Ted D; Davidson, Lance E; Litwin, Sheldon E; Hunt, Steven C

    2012-12-01

    Whereas the initial focus of bariatric surgery primarily focused on weight loss and was considered by many clinicians and the public as a cosmetic-driven procedure, this surgical therapy is now recognized as a successful approach to reducing cardiovascular disease risk and the only substantial and sustainable weight loss treatment for most severely obese patients. In addition, as a result of the multiple metabolic-related benefits associated with bariatric surgery, efforts to understand physiologic and biochemical mechanisms have led to a dramatic increase in scientific discovery. This review focuses on bariatric research conducted during the past two decades in relation to cardiovascular disease risk and the effects of this surgical therapy on diabetes. Cardiovascular and diabetes mortality and morbidity associated with bariatric surgery are reviewed. The opportunity for bariatric (and/or metabolic) surgery to provide a preventive strategy for cardiovascular disease and diabetes as well as treatment therapy is presented for clinical consideration.

  17. Estimation of lung vital capacity before and after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: a comparison of incentive spirometer and ventilometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Souza Rodrigues Erenaldo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Measurement of vital capacity (VC by spirometry is the most widely used technique for lung function evaluation, however, this form of assessment is costly and further investigation of other reliable methods at lower cost is necessary. Objective: To analyze the correlation between direct vital capacity measured with ventilometer and with incentive inspirometer in patients in pre and post cardiac surgery. Methodology Cross-sectional comparative study with patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Respiratory parameters were evaluated through the measurement of VC performed by ventilometer and inspirometer. To analyze data normality the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was applied, for correlation the Pearson correlation coefficient was used and for comparison of variables in pre and post operative period Student's t test was adopted. We established a level of ignificance of 5%. Data was presented as an average, standard deviation and relative frequency when needed. The significance level was set at 5%. Results We studied 52 patients undergoing cardiac surgery, 20 patients in preoperative with VC-ventilometer: 32.95 ± 11.4 ml/kg and VC-inspirometer: 28.9 ± 11 ml/Kg, r = 0.7 p Conclusion There was a high correlation between DVC measures with ventilometer and incentive spirometer in pre and post CABG surgery. Despite this, arises the necessity of further studies to evaluate the repercussion of this method in lowering costs at hospitals.

  18. Patterns of Brain Activation and Meal Reduction Induced by Abdominal Surgery in Mice and Modulation by Rikkunshito.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lixin Wang

    Full Text Available Abdominal surgery inhibits food intake and induces c-Fos expression in the hypothalamic and medullary nuclei in rats. Rikkunshito (RKT, a Kampo medicine improves anorexia. We assessed the alterations in meal microstructure and c-Fos expression in brain nuclei induced by abdominal surgery and the modulation by RKT in mice. RKT or vehicle was gavaged daily for 1 week. On day 8 mice had no access to food for 6-7 h and were treated twice with RKT or vehicle. Abdominal surgery (laparotomy-cecum palpation was performed 1-2 h before the dark phase. The food intake and meal structures were monitored using an automated monitoring system for mice. Brain sections were processed for c-Fos immunoreactivity (ir 2-h after abdominal surgery. Abdominal surgery significantly reduced bouts, meal frequency, size and duration, and time spent on meals, and increased inter-meal interval and satiety ratio resulting in 92-86% suppression of food intake at 2-24 h post-surgery compared with control group (no surgery. RKT significantly increased bouts, meal duration and the cumulative 12-h food intake by 11%. Abdominal surgery increased c-Fos in the prelimbic, cingulate and insular cortexes, and autonomic nuclei, such as the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, central amygdala, hypothalamic supraoptic (SON, paraventricular and arcuate nuclei, Edinger-Westphal nucleus (E-W, lateral periaqueduct gray (PAG, lateral parabrachial nucleus, locus coeruleus, ventrolateral medulla and nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS. RKT induced a small increase in c-Fos-ir neurons in the SON and E-W of control mice, and in mice with surgery there was an increase in the lateral PAG and a decrease in the NTS. These findings indicate that abdominal surgery inhibits food intake by increasing both satiation (meal duration and satiety (meal interval and activates brain circuits involved in pain, feeding behavior and stress that may underlie the alterations of meal pattern and food intake inhibition

  19. Comparison of outcomes after vaginal reconstruction surgery between elderly and younger women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiap Loong Tan

    2014-09-01

    Conclusion: This study showed that adequately optimized older patients undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery experienced the same anatomical outcomes, comparable improved quality of life, morbidity, and mortality as their counterparts of younger age.

  20. Prediction for Major Adverse Outcomes in Cardiac Surgery: Comparison of Three Prediction Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Hung Hsieh

    2007-09-01

    Conclusion: The Parsonnet score performed as well as the logistic regression models in predicting major adverse outcomes. The Parsonnet score appears to be a very suitable model for clinicians to use in risk stratification of cardiac surgery.

  1. A comparison of body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemi, Seyed Amirhosein Ghazizadeh; Edalatnoor, Behnoosh; Edalatnoor, Behnaz; Niksun, Omid

    2017-09-01

    Body dysmorphic disorder among patients referring for cosmetic surgeries is a disorder that if not diagnosed by a physician, can cause irreparable damage to the doctor and the patient. The aim of this study was to compare body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery. This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 212 patients referring to Loghman Hospital of Tehran for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery during the period from 2014 through 2016. For each person in a cosmetic surgery group, a person of the same sex and age in a therapeutic surgery group was matched, and the study was conducted on 60 subjects in the rhinoplasty group and 62 patients in the therapeutic surgery group. Then, the Body Image Concern Inventory and demographic data were filled by all patients and the level of body image concern in both groups was compared. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 16, Chi-square test as well as paired-samples t-test. P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. In this study, 122 patients (49 males and 73 females) with mean age of 27.1±7.3 between 18 and 55 years of age were investigated. Sixty subjects were candidates for rhinoplasty and 62 subjects for therapeutic surgery. Candidates for rhinoplasty were mostly male (60%) and single (63.3%). Results of the t-test demonstrated that body image concern and body dysmorphic disorder were higher in the rhinoplasty group compared to the therapeutic group (pconcern was higher in rhinoplasty candidates compared to candidates for other surgeries. Visiting and correct interviewing of people who referred for rhinoplasty is very important to measure their level of body image concern to diagnose any disorders available and to consider required treatments.

  2. [Comparison of the effects of magnesium sulphate and dexmedetomidine on surgical vision quality in endoscopic sinus surgery: randomized clinical study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akkaya, Akcan; Tekelioglu, Umit Yasar; Demirhan, Abdullah; Bilgi, Murat; Yildiz, Isa; Apuhan, Tayfun; Kocoglu, Hasan

    2014-01-01

    Even a small amount of bleeding during endoscopic sinus surgery can corrupt the endoscopic field and complicate the procedure. Various techniques, including induced hypotension, can minimize bleeding during endoscopic sinus surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the surgical vision quality, haemodynamic parameters, postoperative pain, and other effects of magnesium, a hypotensive agent, with that of dexmedetomidine, which was initially developed for short-term sedation in the intensive care unit but also is an alpha 2 agonist sedative. 60 patients between the ages of 18 and 45 years were divided into either the magnesium group (Group M) or the dexmedetomidine group (Group D). In Group M, magnesium sulphate was given at a pre-induction loading dose of 50mgkg(-1) over 10min and maintained at 15mgkg(-1)h(-1); in Group D, dexmedetomidine was given at 1mcgkg(-1) 10min before induction and maintained at 0.6mcgkg(-1)h(-1). Intraoperatively, the haemodynamic and respiratory parameters and 6-point intraoperative surgical field evaluation scale were recorded. During the postoperative period, an 11-point numerical pain scale, the Ramsay sedation scale, the nausea/vomiting scale, the adverse effects profile, and itching parameters were noted. Group D showed a significant decrease in intraoperative surgical field evaluation scale scale score and heart rate. The average operation time was 50min, and Group M had a higher number of prolonged surgeries. No significant difference was found in the other parameters. Due to its reduction of bleeding and heart rate in endoscopic sinus surgery and its positive impacts on the duration of surgery, we consider dexmedetomidine to be a good alternative to magnesium. Copyright © 2014 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  3. Comparison of the cable pin system with conventional open surgery for transverse patella fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Ningfang; Liu, Deding; Ni, Haijian; Tang, Hao; Zhang, Qiulin

    2013-07-01

    The cable pin system is an effective device for fixation of transverse patella fractures. However, whether this device provides superior results using a minimally invasive technique instead of conventional open surgery using the K wire tension band method is unclear. We asked whether a minimally invasive technique would be associated with (1) increased operative time; (2) reduced postoperative pain; (3) faster recovery of ROM; (4) higher knee scores; and (5) reduced complications. Forty patients with displaced transverse fractures of the patella participated in this prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Twenty of these patients underwent a minimally invasive technique and the others had conventional open surgery using K wires. Some data for six of the 20 patients who underwent the minimally invasive technique were published in an earlier prospective, observational trial. At postoperative intervals of 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months, pain was measured by VAS scores, active flexion and extension of the knee were measured in degrees by goniometry, and knee function was evaluated using the Böstman clinical grading scale. Operative time was longer in the minimally invasive surgery group (54.3 ± 9.8 minutes versus 48.5 ± 6.1 minutes). Pain scores were better (lower) in the minimally invasive surgery group at 1 and 3 months but not at 6 months. Early flexion, ultimate flexion, and knee scores from 3 to 24 months, likewise, were better in the minimally invasive surgery group. Complications mostly related to symptomatic hardware were less common in the minimally invasive surgery group. The minimally invasive technique is superior to conventional open surgery using K wires in terms of less early postoperative pain, better mobility angles of the injured knee, higher functional score of the injured knee, and decreased incidence of complications. Level I, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  4. Comparison of inflammatory responses following robotic and open colorectal surgery: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawadzki, Marek; Krzystek-Korpacka, Malgorzata; Gamian, Andrzej; Witkiewicz, Wojciech

    2017-03-01

    Robotic colorectal surgery continues to rise in popularity, but there remains little evidence on the stress response following the procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inflammatory response to robotic colorectal surgery and compare it with the response generated by open colorectal surgery. This was a prospective nonrandomized comparative study involving 61 patients with colorectal cancer. The evaluation of inflammatory response to either robotic or open colorectal surgery was expressed as changes in interleukin-1β, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein, and procalcitonin during the first three postoperative days. Of the 61 patients, 33 underwent robotic colorectal surgery while 28 had open colorectal surgery. Groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, BMI, cancer stage, and type of resection. The relative increase of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist at 8 h postoperative, compared to baseline, was higher in the open group (P = 0.006). The decrease of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist on postoperative days 1 and 3, compared to the maximum at 8 h, was more pronounced in the open group than in the robotic group (P = 0.008, P = 0.006, respectively), and the relative increase of interleukin-6 at 8 h after incision was higher in the open group (P = 0.007). The relative increase of procalcitonin on postoperative days 1 and 3 was higher in the open group than the robotic group (P robotic colorectal surgery results in a less pronounced inflammatory response and more pronounced anti-inflammatory action.

  5. Measurement of the metabolic burst in human neutrophils: a comparison between cytochrome c and NBT reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elferink, J G

    1984-02-01

    Stimulation of human neutrophils with phorbol myristate acetate results in a metabolic burst, which can be measured as an enhanced cytochrome c reduction or NBT reduction. There is more NBT reduction than cytochrome c reduction. When cytochrome c and NBT are simultaneously present the reduction of each is about the same as when either cytochrome c or NBT is present. Whereas cytochrome c reduction is completely annihilated by externally added superoxide dismutase, NBT reduction is diminished to a lesser extent under the same conditions. It is concluded that cytochrome c reduction only measures extracellularly released superoxide, whereas NBT may be reduced by extracellular superoxide or other molecules as well; thus NBT measures another aspect of the metabolic burst.

  6. Hypothermia Prevention During Surgery: Comparison Between Thermal Mattress And Thermal Blanket

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariane Marques Moysés

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to compare the efficiency of the thermal blanket and thermal mattress in the prevention of hypothermia during surgery. Thirty-eight randomized patients were divided into two groups (G1 – thermal blanket and G2 - thermal mattress. The variables studied were: length of surgery, length of stay in the post-anesthetic care unit, period without using the device after thermal induction, transport time from the operating room to post-anesthetic care unit, intraoperative fluid infusion, surgery size, anesthetic technique, age, body mass index, esophageal, axillary and operating room temperature. In G2, length of surgery and starch infusion longer was higher (both p=0.03, but no hypothermia occurred. During the surgical anesthetic procedure, the axillary temperature was higher at 120 minutes (p=0.04, and esophageal temperature was higher at 120 (p=0.002 and 180 minutes (p=0.03 and at the end of the procedure (p=0.002. The thermal mattress was more effective in preventing hypothermia during surgery.

  7. The comparison of saline enema and bisacodyl in rectal preparation before anorectal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amouzeshi, Ahmad; Amouzeshi, Zahra; Naseh, Ghodratollah; Vejdan, Seyyed Amir; Tanha, Amir Saber; Hosseinzadeh, Mahmood; Vagharseyyedin, Seyyedeh Raziyeh

    2015-12-01

    Given the limited data on the need of mechanical bowel preparation application before anorectal surgeries and the preferred method for bowel preparation, we aimed to compare saline enema and bisacodyl in rectal preparation before anorectal surgery. This is a randomized clinical trial study. Seventy-nine hospitalized patients for anorectal surgery (hemorrhoid, fissure, and fistula) were recruited by convenient sampling and then randomly allocated to receive 500 cc Saline by rectal enema or six bisacodyl tablets (Sobhan company) beginning from a day before the operation in order to prepare the bowel. After surgery, surgeons' satisfaction of the surgery and patients' satisfaction of the preparation process were evaluated in the ward using Likert score by a nurse blind to the study. Also, the patients were interviewed for pain after the first defecation, using numeric rating scale based on a 0-10 scores. All patients were actively followed-up after discharge for 1 mo concerning postoperative complications. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 16), Mann-Whitney, chi-squared, and Fisher exact tests at the significant level of P rectal enema and 41 bisacodyl tablets. No significant differences were observed between the two groups in most variables except for pain after the first defecation (P = 0.032). According to the results, the bisacodyl approach results in less pain in the first postoperative defecation and fewer complications than the rectal enema. Thus, bisacodyl can be suggested as a superior counterpart for enema. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Clinical comparison of ultrasonic surgery and conventional surgical techniques for enucleating jaw cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaman, Z; Suer, B T

    2013-11-01

    The conventional treatment of odontogenic cysts usually involves enucleation of the cyst using rotary and manual instruments; such procedures can cause trauma to the cystic epithelium or soft tissues in the region, such as sinus membrane perforation or nerve damage. The use of ultrasonic surgery may reduce the risk of damage to soft tissues. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of ultrasonic surgery in removing odontogenic cysts. Eighty-two cysts were removed from 68 patients over a period of 45 months. Ultrasonic surgery was used for 34 patients and conventional surgical procedures were used for 34 control patients. Two surgeons rated the cutting efficiency, visibility of the surgical field, ease of operation, and ease of cyst epithelium removal on a 100-mm visual analogue scale. The operation time was also recorded. No major intraoperative or postoperative complications were observed, and there was no cyst recurrence. Ultrasonic surgery for enucleating jaw cysts was found to increase the operation time, but also markedly increased the visibility of the operation field. In cases where cyst enucleation is performed in difficult areas that require delicate manipulation, there is less risk of damage to vital structures such as neurovascular tissues with ultrasonic surgery. Copyright © 2013 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Risk management study for the Hanford Site facilities: Risk reduction cost comparison for the retired Hanford Site facilities. Volume 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coles, G.A.; Egge, R.G.; Senger, E.; Shultz, M.W.; Taylor, W.E.

    1994-02-01

    This document provides a cost-comparison evaluation for implementing certain risk-reduction measures and their effect on the overall risk of the 100 and 200 Area retired, surplus facilities. The evaluation is based on conditions that existed at the time the risk evaluation team performed facility investigations, and does not acknowledge risk-reduction measures that occurred soon after risk identification. This evaluation is one part of an overall risk management study for these facilities. The retired facilities investigated for this evaluation are located in the 100 and 200 Areas of the 1450-km{sup 2} Hanford Site. The Hanford Site is a semiarid tract of land in southeastern Washington State. The nearest population center is Richland, Washington, (population 32,000) 30 km southeast of the 200 Area. This cost-comparison evaluation (1) determines relative costs for reducing risk to acceptable levels; (2) compares the cost of reducing risk using different risk-reduction options; and (3) compares the cost of reducing risks at different facilities. The result is an identification of the cost effective risk-reduction measures. Supporting information required to develop costs of the various risk-reduction options also is included.

  10. Effect of Preferred Music Listening on Pain Reduction in Mechanically Ventilated Patients After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kyavar; Karkhaneh; Rohanifar; Azarfarin; Sadeghpour; Alizadehasl; Ghadrdoost

    2016-01-01

    Background Pain is a symptom of discomfort or tissue injury experienced by patients. Among patients in intensive care unit (ICU), pain is a common phenomenon. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of preferred music listening on behavioral measures of pain, as an indicator of pain assessment, in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Patients ...

  11. Regional anesthesia for small incision cataract surgery: Comparison of subtenon and peribulbar block

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oyebola Olubodun Adekola

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The recent trend in cataract surgery is the use of regional ophthalmic nerve blocks or topical anesthesia. We determined and compared the effect of peribulbar and subtenon block on pain and patients' satisfaction, following small incision cataract surgery (SICS. Methods: This was age-sex-matched comparative study involving 462 ASA I-III patients, aged 18 years and above scheduled for SICS. They were assigned to receive either peribulbar block (Group P or subtenon (Group ST. The pain score and patients' satisfaction with the anesthetic experiences were recorded by a study-masked anesthesiologist during surgery and postoperatively at 30 min and 1, 2, 4, and 24 h. Results: The median numeric rating score was significantly lower in the subtenon group than the peribulbar group: During surgery, Group ST 1 (1 versus group P 1.5 (2.25, P < 0.001. At 30 min after surgery, Group ST 0 (1 versus Group P 1 (2.5 versus P < 0.001, and at 1 h after surgery, Group ST 0 (1 versus group P 1 (2, P = 0.002. Ten patients had akinesia in the peribulbar group compared with one in the subtenon group. Chemosis was significantly higher in the subtenon group 10 (3.2% than in the peribulbar group 0 (0%, P = 0.035. Similarly, a significant difference was not with subconjuctival hemorrhage; subtenon 14 (4.5% versus peribulbar 2 (1.3%, P = 0.105. Conclusion: The use of subtenon block resulted in lower pain scores and higher patient's satisfaction than peribulbar block. However, subconjuctival hemorrhage and chemosis were more common with subtenon block.

  12. [Prevalence and causes of pain after cataract surgery: Comparison of 1st and 2nd eyes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayadine-Harricham, Y; Amzallag, T

    2017-06-01

    In our practice, patients undergoing bilateral cataract surgery complain of more significant pain after the 2nd eye surgery. The goal of this study was to compare postoperative pain between the 1st and 2nd eyes with cataract surgery under topical anesthesia and to identify the causes of this pain. We conducted a prospective observational study between May and September 2015. We included 69 consecutive adults scheduled for bilateral cataract surgery under topical anesthesia within 2 months by the same surgeon. A self-assessment questionnaire of anxiety (the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale [APAIS]) was completed before each procedure. Postoperative pain was assessed by the visual analogue scale (VAS) in the recovery room. Among the 69 included patients (mean age: 70±1.3 years), 13 (19%) experienced more pain after the 2nd eye procedure. The median VAS was 0 (EI: 0-1) after the first eye versus 0 (EI: 0-2) after the second eye (P=0.836). The patients with the most pain after the second eye surgery had a median anxiety score of 5 (EI: 4 to 9.5), which was comparable to those without pain (P=0.589). On bivariate analysis, women had more pain after second eye surgery (27%) than men (4%) (P=0.026). However, this association lost its significance when the analysis was adjusted for the level of anxiety (adjusted OR 7.7, 95% CI [0.91; 64.6]). In fact, women were more anxious [median anxiety score of 6 (EI: 4 to 8.5)] before 2nd eye surgery than men [median score: 4 (EI: 4-6); P=0.013]. Pain levels appeared to be very moderate on both sides when measured postoperatively, as opposed to statements often made in the immediate postoperative period. There is a discrepancy with the literature data. However, each study had small sample sizes. We did not find any significant difference in pain between 1st and 2nd eye cataract surgery under topical local anesthesia. While postoperative pain appeared greater among women, we have noted the possible influence of

  13. [Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS): criteria for selecting patient in Antonio Pedro Hospital, Federal Fluminense University, Niter i city, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrsin, Rodolfo Fred; da Silva Junior, Cyro Teixeira; Gabetto, José Manoel; Lima, Oriane de Almeida Santana

    2003-01-01

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (CPOD) is an important problem in Brazil and other countries. The clinical treatment of ambulatory patients is now reasonably standardized. Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) is an alternative of surgical treatment of emphysema (aside from lung transplantation). The aim of this study was to analyse patient selection criteria for LVRS. This study was carried out using a sample of 31 patients referred to and given assistance to at the Smoking and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Outpatient Ward Antonio Pedro Hospital, who were evaluated to check whether or not they could be eligible for LVRS. Aiming at evaluating the major criteria for eligibility for LVRS, the patients underwent a protocol including standardized anamnesis and physical examination, spirometry with maximum inspiratory and expiratory flow volume curves associated with post-bronchodilatator test, room air arterial blood gases, a six-minute walking test, plain chest roentgenograms and left lateral chest roentgenograms, high-resolution chest computed tomographic scans and lung perfusion scans. Statistical analysis was conducted with description of data proportions. Contraindications to surgery included chronic bronchitis (29% or nine patients), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1) more than 80 percent predicted (13% or four patients), negative consent for surgery (10% or three patients), fibrosis pattern, severe depression and bronchiectasis (two patients each one), solitary pulmonary nodule, severe obesity, severe bullous emphysema, pulmonary hipertension, pulmonary resection history, current cigarette smoking, diffuse emphysema with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency and severe cardiac disease (one patient each). Indication. One selected patient with severe symptoms of emphysema met criteria for LVRS (bilateral superior lobe heterogeneous pattern of emphysema on chest computed tomography and lung perfusion scan). Chronic bronchitis was the major

  14. Comparison of antibacterial-coated and non-coated suture material in intraoral surgery by isolation of adherent bacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Pelz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. In general surgery the incidence of postoperative wound infections is reported to be lower using triclosan-coated sutures. In intraoral surgery, sutures are faced with different bacterial species and the question arises whether the antibacterial-coated suture material has the same positive effects. Materials and Methods. Triclosan-coated and uncoated suture materials were applied in 17 patients undergoing wisdom tooth extraction. Postoperatively, sutures were removed and adherent bacteria were isolated, colony-forming units (cfu were counted, and species identified. Results. Oral bacteria were found in high numbers (cfu>10[sup]7[/sup] on both Vicryl and the triclosan-coated Vicryl Plus. The total number of bacteria isolated from Vicryl Plus was 37% higher than for Vicryl, mainly due to increased numbers of anaerobes. The number of bacterial strains identified was higher for Vicryl ( n=203 than for Vicryl Plus (n=198, but the number of pathogens was higher on Vicryl Plus (n=100 than on Vicryl (n=97. Fewer Gram-positive strains were found on Vicryl Plus (n=95 than on Vicryl (n=107 and, conversely, more Gram-negative strains on Vicryl Plus (103vs.96. Conclusions. In terms of the total number of oral bacteria, and especially oral pathogens, that adhered to suture material, no reduction was demonstrated for Vicryl Plus. The use of triclosan-coated suture material offers no advantage in intraoral surgery.

  15. Leucocyte depletion during cardiac surgery : a comparison of different filtration strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, AJ; Gu, YJ; Post, WJ; Vos, P; Stokroos, Ietse; Lip, Harm; van Oeveren, W

    The results of leucocyte filtration during cardiac surgery are conflicting. This may be due to timing and duration of the filtration procedure, and to flow and pressure conditions in the filter. Therefore, we prospectively compared three major leucocyte filtration strategies in cardiac surgical

  16. Comparison of techniques for correction of magnification of pelvic x-rays for hip surgery planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    The, Bertram; Kootstra, Johan W. J.; Hosman, Anton H.; Verdonschot, Nico; Gerritsma, Carina L. E.; Diercks, Ron L.

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop an accurate method for correction of magnification of pelvic x-rays to enhance accuracy of hip surgery planning. All investigated methods aim at estimating the anteroposterior location of the hip joint in supine position to correctly position a reference object

  17. Comparison of techniques for correction of magnification of pelvic X-rays for hip surgery planning.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    The, B.; Kootstra, J.W.; Hosman, A.J.F.; Verdonschot, N.J.J.; Gerritsma, C.L.; Diercks, R.L.

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop an accurate method for correction of magnification of pelvic x-rays to enhance accuracy of hip surgery planning.All investigated methods aim at estimating the anteroposterior location of the hip joint in supine position to correctly position a reference object

  18. Rhinosinusitis in children: a comparison of patients requiring surgery for acute complications versus chronic disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokken, Janalee; Gupta, Amar; Krakovitz, Paul; Anne, Samantha

    2014-01-01

    Patient characteristics, risk factors, and microbiology are important to consider in the management of complications of acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) in pediatric patients. This study evaluates this subset of patients and compares them to patients that undergo surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study is a retrospective review of all pediatric patients from 2002 to 2011, who underwent sinus surgery at a tertiary hospital. Patients who underwent surgery for ABS complication were compared to patients who underwent surgery for CRS. Statistical analysis was completed using chi-square test or Fisher's exact test with a statistical significance set at pcomplication of ABS and 77 patients with CRS were analyzed. The groups did not differ demographically. Patients with a complication were statistically less likely to have seasonal allergies, prior sinusitis, prior nasal steroid use, or adenoidectomy (pcomplication group, and normal flora (41.5%), coagulase negative Staphylococcus (22%), and Propionobacterium (19.5%) for the CRS group. Most prevalent complications were preseptal cellulitis (55.5%), orbital subperiosteal abscess (29.6%), subgaleal abscess (22%), and epidural abscess (22%). Five patients had simultaneous orbital and intracranial complications. Patients who present with complications of ABS vary significantly from the CRS patients. Location of most commonly affected sinuses and microbiology also differ and is crucial for understanding the management of this disease process. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Graphic representation of data resulting from measurement comparison trials in cataract and refractive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krummenauer, Frank; Storkebaum, Kristin; Dick, H Burkhard

    2003-01-01

    The evaluation of new diagnostic measurement devices allows intraindividual comparison with an established standard method. However, reports in journal articles often omit the adequate incorporation of the intraindividual design into the graphic representation. This article illustrates the drawbacks and the possible erroneous conclusions caused by this misleading practice in terms of recent method comparison data resulting from axial length measurement in 220 consecutive patients by both applanation ultrasound and partial coherence interferometry. Graphic representation of such method comparison data should be based on boxplots for intraindividual differences or on Bland-Altman plots. Otherwise, severe deviations between the measurement devices could be erroneously ignored and false-positive conclusions on the concordance of the instruments could result. Graphic representation of method comparison data should sensitively incorporate the underlying study design for intraindividual comparison.

  20. Preoperative localization methods for minimally invasive surgery in lumbar spine: comparisons between a novel method and conventional methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Guangfei; Zhang, Hailong; He, Shisheng; Jia, Jianbo; Fu, Qingsong; Zhou, Xu

    2013-10-01

    This is a prospective single-center nonrandomized control clinical study involving 220 patients who underwent the novel localization method or conventional methods preoperatively in a minimally invasive surgery in lumbar spine. To introduce a novel preoperative locator designed by the authors for a minimally invasive surgery in lumbar spine and to compare the novel localization method with conventional methods in mean localization time and the mean number of C-arm fluoroscopy use preoperatively. Conventional localization methods for minimally invasive surgery in lumbar spine are associated with more fluoroscopy time and radiation exposure. We describe a novel preoperative locator to help localize spinal anatomic landmarks, minimize preoperative localization time, and decrease radiation exposure. There have been no prospective clinical reports published on the comparison of the novel localization method with conventional methods. A total of 220 patients, 86 (39.1%) men and 134 (60.9%) women with an average age of 53.8±16.4 years were prospectively evaluated. We divided all patients into 2 groups. Group A: the first 100 patients who received the conventional preoperative localization methods (the palpation method and the Kirschner wire method). Group B: the remaining 120 patients who localized the spinal levels with the help of the novel locator before surgery. The localization time and the number of C-arm fluoroscopy use preoperatively were recorded. The mean localization time of patients in groups A and B were 7.37±3.77 and 3.85±2.45 minutes, respectively. The mean number of preoperative C-arm fluoroscopy use in groups A and B were 2.29 and 1.29. There was significant difference in mean localization time and the mean number of C-arm fluoroscopy use between groups A and B (Pminimize preoperative localization time and decrease radiation exposure.

  1. Comparison of institutional costs for laparoscopic preperitoneal inguinal hernia versus open repair and its reimbursement in an ambulatory surgery center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Volker R; Morrison, John E

    2008-02-01

    To compare institutional costs for open versus laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and its relationship to reimbursement in an ambulatory surgery center in the United States. Analysis of institutional costs in US$ of 2006 for all nonreusables used in a laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair using a polyester mesh compared with open hernia repair using polypropylene mesh. A comparison of the institution's disposable costs related to reimbursement at an ambulatory surgery center in Southeastern United States was performed to identify the most cost-effective procedure for the outpatient facility. As fixed and indirect costs of the ambulatory surgery center are similar for both procedures, a cost difference can only be found in direct disposable costs with that being US$ 235.57 for the procedure-specific disposables in the laparoscopic hernia repair as compared with US$ 117.15 for the open hernia repair. Cost for identical disposables used in both procedures amounted to US$ 32.57. Laparoscopic TEP hernia repair has a higher cost for procedure related disposables versus the open hernia repair at +US$ 118.42 mainly being due to the more costly polyester mesh. A flat rate reimbursement of US$ 1800 for a laparoscopic procedure compared with only US$ 950 for the open procedure minus all disposable cost results in a higher institutional income of +US&$ 731.58 (US$ 1531.86 vs. US$ 800.28), from which other institutional costs can be paid. Despite marginally higher procedure-related disposable costs for laparoscopic TEP hernia repair, the institutional income is remarkably higher owing to a better reimbursement for this procedure in ambulatory surgery centers. From the institution's point of view, laparoscopic hernia repair is by far the more cost-effective procedure when compared with an open hernia procedure at the present time.

  2. Comparison of intracameral dexamethasone and intracameral triamcinolone acetonide injection at the end of phacoemulsification surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirel Gur Gungor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To compare the results of intracameral dexamethasone and intracameral triamcinolone acetonide injection in patients that underwent cataract surgery with phacoemulsification. Materials and Methods: Sixty eyes of 60 patients that underwent cataract surgery with phacoemulsification were randomized into two groups. Preoperative visual acuity of all patients was 0.5 or lower and intraocular pressures were under 21mmHg. After surgery, eyes in group 1 (30 eyes were injected with 0.4 mg/0.1 ml dexamethasone into the anterior chamber, and eyes in group 2 (30 eyes were injected with 2 mg/0.05 ml triamcinolone acetonide into the anterior chamber. All eyes received standard postoperative prednisolone acetate and moxifloxacin eye drops. The biomicroscopic evaluation, visual acuity, and intraocular pressure measurements were done at baseline (preoperatively and on postoperative days 1, 7 and 30. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in mean visual acuity, the amount of anterior cells and flare between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05. Mean intraocular pressure values at postoperative first day were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1 (P = 0.009. The mean intraocular pressures on days 7 and 30 after surgery were not statistically different between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05. Conclusions: Intracameral dexamethasone and intracameral triamcinolone acetonide were similarly effective in controlling postoperative inflammation following phacoemulsification. However, the intraocular pressures on postoperative first day were higher in patients receiving intracameral triamcinolone acetonide. The highest intraocular pressure in triamcinolone acetonide group was 24 mmHg, and stabilized in a few days, therefore using triamcinolone acetonide may impose a minimal risk to patients. Nevertheless, intracameral dexamethasone seems to be a better alternative to apply at the end of surgery to suppress the inflammation during the first 24 hours.

  3. Arthroscopic Hip Surgery in the Elite Athlete: Comparison of Female and Male Competitive Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, Kotaro R; Matsuda, Shuichi; Safran, Marc R

    2017-07-01

    Few studies have published the results of hip arthroscopic surgery in elite athletes and none studying a significant number of elite female athletes. (1) To compare sex-based differences in the ability to return to prior competitive sports activity after arthroscopic hip surgery. (2) To compare sex-based differences in the type of sports activity, diagnosis, and treatment in athletes requiring hip arthroscopic surgery. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Data on all elite athletes who underwent primary hip arthroscopic surgery between 2007 and 2014 were included. Athletes with a Hip Sports Activity Scale (HSAS) score of over 6 were identified. The preoperative evaluation included a medical history, history of sports activity, and hip-specific outcome scores (Modified Harris Hip Score [MHHS] and International Hip Outcome Tool-33 [iHOT-33]). Surgical findings and time to return to competitive sports were documented. Of 547 hips in 484 consecutive patients, 98 elite athletes (49 female) with a mean follow-up of 18.9 ± 12.8 months were identified. Eighty patients desired to return to their original competitive activity: 38 were female (42 hips; mean age, 21.5 ± 3.9 years), and 42 were male (54 hips; mean age, 20.5 ± 1.9 years). Moreover, 84.2% of female athletes and 83.3% of male athletes were able to return to the same level of competition at a mean of 8.3 ± 3.0 and 8.8 ± 2.9 months, respectively. Significant improvements between preoperative and postoperative outcome scores were seen in both groups (all P arthroscopic surgery at a similar rate, although their performance in sports was not measured. Distinct differences in the diagnosis, treatment, and type of sports activity between sexes were seen. The duration of symptoms negatively correlated with outcomes. Microfracture did not affect the return to sports.

  4. Comparison of the short term therapeutic effects by different incision triple surgery in treating angle-closure glaucoma with cataract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Xia Shi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To compare the therapeutic effects of different incision phacoemulsification with foldable intraocular lens implantation combined with trabeculectomy in treating angle-closure glaucoma complicated with cataract. METHODS: The retrospective study analyzed 70 patients(98 eyeswho performed phacoemulsification with foldable intraocular lens implantation combined with trabeculectomy. Single incision surgery(one-site approachwas performed on 34 patients(50 eyes, and double incision surgery(two-site approacheswas done on 36 patients(48 eyes. The differences of intraocular pressure control,filtering bleb, the density and preservation of corneal endothelium cells both pre-surgery and 1 month post-surgery or later complication. in the two groups were compared and analyzed.Follow-up was 12-24 months with a mean of 18.2 months.RESULTS: The average postoperative intraocular pressure in one-site groups was(10.16±4.31mmHg. The average postoperative intraocular pressure in two-site groups was(11.38±3.55mmHg. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups(P>0.05regarding the postoperative intraocular pressure and the formation of filtering blebs(P>0.05. The density and area of corneal endothelium cells in the two-incision group pre-operation were comparable(P>0.05. However, in 1 month post-operation, the rate of the corneal endothelial cells loss in double incision group was superior compared to the single incision group(PCONCLUSION: Both single incision and double incision approach phacotrabeculectomy are effective in reducing intraocular pressure and can maintain the function of filtering blebs well. There are no statistically significant differences in the intraocular pressure reduction between the two approaches. The double incision approach is superior in minimizing the corneal endothelial cells loss compared to the single incision approach.

  5. Application and comparison of stability analysis of slope using circular arc method and strength reduction method

    OpenAIRE

    Xu Bin Bin; Xie Lin Bo; Si Wei

    2016-01-01

    In order to evaluate the accuracy of strength reduction method using FEM, the safety factors of the uniform clay slope and sand slope are investigated by Fellenius’s method, Bishop’s method using traditional limit equilibrium method and strength reduction method respectively. The limit equilibrium method is carried out based on the code for foundations in port engineering and the FE analysis is based on Plaxis3D. The results show that the safety coefficient obtained by strength reduction meth...

  6. Acoustical and Perceptual Comparison of Noise Reduction and Compression in Hearing Aids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brons, Inge; Houben, Rolph; Dreschler, Wouter A.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Noise reduction and dynamic-range compression are generally applied together in hearing aids but may have opposite effects on amplification. This study evaluated the acoustical and perceptual effects of separate and combined processing of noise reduction and compression. Design: Recordings of the output of 4 hearing aids for speech in…

  7. Acoustical and Perceptual Comparison of Noise Reduction and Compression in Hearing Aids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brons, Inge; Houben, Rolph; Dreschler, Wouter A.

    2015-01-01

    Noise reduction and dynamic-range compression are generally applied together in hearing aids but may have opposite effects on amplification. This study evaluated the acoustical and perceptual effects of separate and combined processing of noise reduction and compression. Recordings of the output of

  8. A Comparison of Different Operating Systems for Femtosecond Lasers in Cataract Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, B M; Williams, G P; Tan, A; Mehta, J S

    2015-01-01

    The introduction of femtosecond lasers is potentially a major shift in the way we approach cataract surgery. The development of increasingly sophisticated intraocular lenses (IOLs), coupled with heightened patient expectation of high quality postsurgical visual outcomes, has generated the need for a more precise, highly reproducible and standardized method to carry out cataract operations. As femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) becomes more commonplace in surgical centers, further evaluation of the potential risks and benefits needs to be established, particularly in the medium/long term effects. Healthcare administrators will also have to weigh and balance out the financial costs of these lasers relative to the advantages they put forth. In this review, we provide an operational overview of three of five femtosecond laser platforms that are currently commercially available: the Catalys (USA), the Victus (USA), and the LDV Z8 (Switzerland).

  9. Comparison of the accuracy of maxillary position between conventional model surgery and virtual surgical planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritto, F G; Schmitt, A R M; Pimentel, T; Canellas, J V; Medeiros, P J

    2018-02-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether virtual surgical planning (VSP) is an accurate method for positioning the maxilla when compared to conventional articulator model surgery (CMS), through the superimposition of computed tomography (CT) images. This retrospective study included the records of 30 adult patients submitted to bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. Two groups were created according to the treatment planning performed: CMS and VSP. The treatment planning protocol was the same for all patients. Pre- and postoperative CT images were superimposed and the linear distances between upper jaw reference points were measured. Measurements were then compared to the treatment planning, and the difference in accuracy between CMS and VSP was determined using the t-test for independent samples. The success criterion adopted was a mean linear difference of 0.05). Copyright © 2017 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. A Comparison of Different Operating Systems for Femtosecond Lasers in Cataract Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. M. Wu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of femtosecond lasers is potentially a major shift in the way we approach cataract surgery. The development of increasingly sophisticated intraocular lenses (IOLs, coupled with heightened patient expectation of high quality postsurgical visual outcomes, has generated the need for a more precise, highly reproducible and standardized method to carry out cataract operations. As femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS becomes more commonplace in surgical centers, further evaluation of the potential risks and benefits needs to be established, particularly in the medium/long term effects. Healthcare administrators will also have to weigh and balance out the financial costs of these lasers relative to the advantages they put forth. In this review, we provide an operational overview of three of five femtosecond laser platforms that are currently commercially available: the Catalys (USA, the Victus (USA, and the LDV Z8 (Switzerland.

  11. Comparison between Conventional and Ultrasound-Guided Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Upper Limb Surgeries

    OpenAIRE

    Honnannavar, Kiran Abhayakumar; Mudakanagoudar, Mahantesh Shivangouda

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Brachial plexus blockade is a time-tested technique for upper limb surgeries. The classical approach using paresthesia technique is a blind technique and may be associated with a higher failure rate and injury to the nerves and surrounding structures. To avoid some of these problems, use of peripheral nerve stimulator and ultrasound techniques were started which allowed better localization of the nerve/plexus. Ultrasound for supraclavicular brachial plexus block has improved the...

  12. The comparison of retinal blood flow after scleral buckling surgery with or without encircling procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehghani, Alireza; Razmjoo, Hassan; Fazel, Farhad; Karami, Mehdi; Etesampour, Akbar; Ghanbari, Heshmatolah; Kianersi, Farzan; Akhlaghi, Mohammadreza; Fesharaki, Hamid

    2013-03-01

    We aimed to compare peak systolic velocity of central retinal artery (PSV.CRA) and peak systolic velocity of ophthalmic artery (PSV.OA) between patients with retinal detachment who were treated with segmental scleral bucking and scleral buckling with encircling procedure. This study was a descriptive-analytic cross sectional study that was performed in Isfahan university referral centers since April 2010 to April 2011. Of the patients who have undergone scleral buckling surgery, 20 patients belonging to two groups were randomly selected to enroll in the study. Study groups were, patients who have undergone segmental scleral buckling and the other group were patients who have undergone scleral buckling with encircling procedure. Patients were invited to perform color Doppler imaging. PSV-RA and PSV-OA were measured and documented in both operated and unoperated eyes. All of the Doppler's performed at least three months after ophthalmic surgery. We found significant decrease in PSV.CRA among patients in both groups. In patients who had undergone scleral buckling with encircling procedure PSV.CRA was 11.03 ± 3.04 (cm/sec) and 14.83 ± 4.80 in operated and unoperated eye respectively (P = 0.03). In other hand, who treated with segmental scleral buckling these parameters were 11.02 ± 2.48 and 14.45 ± 4.69 (P = 0.03). PSV.OA did not change significantly in each method. The difference between mean PSV.CRA and PSV.OA in operated eye between two study groups was not significant. PSV.CRA reduced significantly in both surgery methods and PSV.OA changes was not significant. However, the mean PSV.CRA and PSV.OA changes did not show statistically significant difference between surgery methods.

  13. Comparison of Local Anesthetic Effect of Bupivacaine versus Bupivacaine plus Dexamethasone in Nasal Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhosein Ma’somi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available   Introduction: Adequate pain control is an important consideration in the post-surgical management of patients. Local nerve blockade added to general anesthesia can provide excellent pain control during and after most nasal surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the combined effect of local anesthetic drugs with corticosteroids in nasal surgery. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind clinical study, 60 patients who underwent different nasal surgical procedures were matched and divided into two equal groups. Bilateral local nerve blockade was used in both groups. Bupivacaine or bupivacaine plus dexamethasone was administered by injection (groups B and B+D, respectively. Postoperative visual analog scale (VAS pain values and the need for oral/intramuscular analgesic treatment in the first 24 h were recorded in all patients. Results: Thirty-eight male (63.3% and 22 female (36.7% patients were included in this study, with a mean age of 28.3 ± 8.2 years. At 1, 2, 4, 6, and 12 h post surgery, VAS pain values were significantly lower in the B+D group than in the B group. The analgesic requirement was significantly lower in the B+D group compared with the B group. No relevant complications were seen during surgery or postoperative hospitalization. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the positive effect of a combination of a dexamethasone with a bupivacaine in reducing pain and the need for analgesic drugs after different nasal surgeries. No acute or short-term post-surgical complications were observed in this study.   

  14. Comparison of Quality Metrics for Pediatric Shunt Surgery and Proposal of the Negative Shunt Revision Rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beez, Thomas; Steiger, Hans-Jakob

    2018-01-01

    Shunt surgery is common in pediatric neurosurgery and is associated with relevant complication rates. We aimed to compare previously published metrics in a single data set and propose the Negative Shunt Revision Rate (NSRR), defined as proportion of shunt explorations revealing a properly working system, as a new quality metric. Retrospective analysis of our shunt surgery activity in 2015 was performed. Demographic, clinical, and radiologic variables were extracted from electronic medical notes. Surgical Activity Rate, Revision Quotient, 30-day shunt malfunction rate, 90-day global shunt revision rate, Preventable Shunt Revision Rate, and novel NSRR were calculated. Of 60 shunt operations analyzed, 18 (39%) were new shunt insertions, and 42 (70%) were revisions. Median age was 18 months (range, 0.03-204 months), and main etiologies were posthemorrhagic (n = 16; 41%), congenital (n = 11; 28%), and tumor-associated (n = 8; 21%) hydrocephalus. Within 90 days after index surgery, 13 shunt failures occurred, predominantly owing to proximal failure (n = 6; 46%). Surgical Activity Rate was 0.127, Revision Quotient was 2.333, 30-day shunt malfunction rate was 0.166, 90-day global shunt revision rate was 21.7%, and Preventable Shunt Revision Rate was 38.5%. NSRR was 7.1%. Our results correlate with published values and offer measurement of quality that can be compared across studies and considered patient-oriented, easily measurable, and potentially modifiable. We propose NSRR as a new quality metric, covering an aspect of shunt surgery that was not addressed previously. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. A comparison of surgery and family medicine residents' perceptions of cross-cultural care training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chun, Maria B J; Jackson, David S; Lin, Susan Y; Park, Elyse R

    2010-12-01

    The need for physicians formally trained to deliver care to diverse patient populations has been widely advocated. Utilizing a validated tool, Weissman and Betancourt's Cross-Cultural Care Survey, the aim of this current study was to compare surgery and family medicine residents' perceptions of their preparedness and skillfulness to provide high quality cross-cultural care. Past research has documented differences between the two groups' reported impressions of importance and level of instruction received in cross-cultural care. Twenty surgery and 15 family medicine residents participated in the study. Significant differences were found between surgery and family medicine residents on most ratings of the amount of training they received in cross-cultural skills. Specifically, family medicine residents reported having received more training on: 1) determining how patients want to be addressed, 2) taking a social history, 3) assessing their understanding of the cause of illness, 4) negotiating their treatment plan, 5) assessing whether they are mistrustful of the health care system and÷or doctor, 6) identifying cultural customs, 7) identifying how patients make decisions within the family, and 8) delivering services through a medical interpreter. One unexpected finding was that surgery residents, who reported not receiving much formal cultural training, reported higher mean scores on perceived skillfulness (i.e. ability) than family medicine residents. The disconnect may be linked to the family medicine residents' training in cultural humility - more knowledge and understanding of cross-cultural care can paradoxically lead to perceptions of being less prepared or skillful in this area. Hawaii Medical Journal Copyright 2010.

  16. Randomized comparison of oral and intravenous fluid regimens after gallbladder surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Cassell, O C; Oakley, N.; Forrest, A. R.; Thomas, W E; Dennison, A. R.

    1996-01-01

    Numerous studies of post-operative fluid status have utilized sophisticated measurements of electrolyte distribution and fluid shift without relating results to clinical practice. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the response of patients undergoing abdominal surgery of moderate severity to conservative post-operative fluid administration. Forty-five patients undergoing open cholecystectomy were randomized to receive 2.51 of fluid (1 l normal saline and 1.51 5% d...

  17. Multiquadrant robotic colorectal surgery: the da Vinci Xi vs Si comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Protyniak, Bogdan; Jorden, Jeffrey; Farmer, Russell

    2017-03-08

    The newly introduced da Vinci Xi Surgical System hopes to address the shortcomings of its predecessor, specifically robotic arm restrictions and difficulty working in multiple quadrants. We compare the two robot platforms in multiquadrant surgery at a major colorectal referral center. Forty-four patients in the da Vinci Si group and 26 patients in the Xi group underwent sigmoidectomy or low anterior resection between 2014 and 2016. Patient demographics, operative variables, and postoperative outcomes were compared using descriptive statistics. Both groups were similar in age, sex, BMI, pelvic surgeries, and ASA class. Splenic flexure was mobilized in more (p = 0.045) da Vinci Xi cases compared to da Vinci Si both for sigmoidectomy (50 vs 15.4%) and low anterior resection (60 vs 29%). There was no significant difference in operative time (219.9 vs 224.7 min; p = 0.640), blood loss (170.0 vs 188.1 mL; p = 0.289), length of stay (5.7 vs 6 days; p = 0.851), or overall complications (26.9 vs 22.7%; p = 0.692) between the da Vinci Xi and Si groups, respectively. Single-dock multiquadrant robotic surgery, measured by splenic flexure mobilization with concomitant pelvic dissection, was more frequently performed using the da Vinci Xi platform with no increase in operative time, bleeding, or postoperative complications. The new platform provides surgeons an easier alternative to the da Vinci Si dual docking or combined robotic/laparoscopic multiquadrant surgery.

  18. Comparison between magnesium sulfate and dexmedetomidine in controlled hypotension during functional endoscopic sinus surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Bayram

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is crucial to decrease bleeding during functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Our primary goal was to investigate the effects of magnesium sulfate and dexmedetomidine used for controlled hypotension on the visibility of the surgical site. METHODS: 60 patients aged between 18 and 65 years were enrolled. In the magnesium sulfate group (Group M, patients were administered 40 mg/kg magnesium sulfate in 100 mL saline solution over 10 min as the intravenous loading dose 10 min before induction, with a subsequent 10-15 µg/kg/h infusion during surgery. In the dexmedetomidine group (Group D, patients were administered 1 µg/kg dexmedetomidine in 100 mL saline solution as the loading dose 10 min before surgery and 0.5-1 µg/kg/h dexmedetomidine during surgery. Deliberate hypotension was defined as a mean arterial pressure of 60-70 mmHg. RESULTS: Bleeding score was significantly decreased in Group D (p = 0.002. Mean arterial pressure values were significantly decreased in Group D compared to that in Group M, except for the initial stage, after induction and 5 min after intubation (p < 0.05. The number of patients who required nitroglycerine was significantly lower in Group D (p = 0.01 and surgeon satisfaction was significantly increased in the same group (p = 0.001. Aldrete recovery score ≥9 duration was significantly shorter in Group D (p = 0.001. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of recovery room verbal numerical rating scale. CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine can provide more effective controlled hypotension and thus contribute to improved visibility of the surgical site.

  19. Seizures after open heart surgery: comparison of ε-aminocaproic acid and tranexamic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Klaus; Knorr, Jürgen; Breuer, Tamás; Gertler, Ralph; Macguill, Martin; Lange, Rüdiger; Tassani, Peter; Wiesner, Gunther

    2011-02-01

    Although the lysine analogs tranexamic acid (TXA) and aminocaproic acid (EACA) are used widely for antifibrinolytic therapy in cardiac surgery, relatively little research has been performed on their safety profiles, especially in the setting of cardiac surgery. Two antifibrinolytic protocols using either TXA or aminocaproic acid were compared according to postoperative outcome. A retrospective analysis. A university-affiliated hospital. Six hundred four patients undergoing cardiac surgery. One cohort of 275 consecutive patients received TXA; a second cohort of 329 consecutive patients was treated with EACA. Except for antifibrinolytic therapy, the anesthetic and surgical teams and their protocols remained unchanged. Besides major outcome criteria, namely postoperative bleeding, the need for allogeneic transfusions, operative revision because of bleeding, postoperative renal dysfunction, neurologic events, heart failure, and in-hospital mortality, the authors specifically sought differences between the groups concerning seizures. The 2 cohorts were comparable over a range of perioperative factors. Postoperative seizures occurred significantly more frequently in TXA patients (7.6% v 3.3%, p = 0.019), whereas EACA patients had a higher incidence of postoperative renal dysfunction (20.0% v 30.1%, p = 0.005). There were no differences in all other measured major outcome factors. Both lysine analogs are associated with significant side effects, which must be taken into account when performing risk-benefit analyses of their use. Their use should be restricted to patients at high risk for bleeding; routine use on low-risk patients undergoing standard surgeries should face renewed critical reappraisal. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Comparison of scleral bulkling surgery for retinal detachment under microscope and under indirect ophthalmoscope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Kong

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To compare the effects of external approach microsurgery and conventional external approach surgery for retinal detachment(RD.METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2013, 60 patients(60 eyesin our hospital were randomly divided into experimental group(29 cases, 29 eyesand control group(31 cases, 31 eyes, the external approach microsurgery and conventional external approach surgery were performed respectively(by the same skilled doctor. Retinal reattachment rate, visual acuity improvement rate and operative time were compared between two groups. RESULTS: It cost shorter time for the external approach microsurgery than that of conventional external approach surgery(P=0.0087. The once successful retinal reattachment rate in experimental group was 93%(27 cases, which was higher than that in control group(90%, 28 cases, there was no statistical difference. The vision improvement rate in control group was 86%(25 cases, compare to 90%(28 casesin experimental group, there was no statistical differences. CONCLUSION: No statistical differences showed in visual acuity improvement and the once retinal reattachment rate between the two groups for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. However, it is believed that external approach microsurgery could be faster, easier to learn with satisfactory effect.

  1. Postoperative vision loss after spine surgery: a single-institution case-control comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farag, Ehab; Abd-Elsayed, Alaa A; Dalton, Jarrod E; Nada, Eman; Parker, Brian M

    2014-01-01

    Postoperative vision loss (POVL) after spine surgery is a rare but devastating outcome. We present the first case-control study from a single institution for POVL with the diagnoses of ischemic optic neuropathy or central vision loss after complex spine surgery. POVL cases following spine surgeries between December 1995 and December 2010 at the Cleveland Clinic were identified retrospectively using administrative codes. Each instance of POVL was matched to 5 case-control patients based on age, gender, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and hematocrit. Duration of anesthesia, fluid volumes, and hemodynamic measurements were then compared between POVL cases and control cases using Wilcoxon rank sum test. Six patients developed POVL. These patients had significantly greater blood loss (P=0.002, Wilcoxon test) and a significantly greater volume of red blood cells transfused (P=0.006) than the control patients. No other intraoperative measures differed significantly after Bonferroni correction for multiple outcomes. We found that patients with POVL had significantly greater blood loss and significantly more red blood cell transfusions than their matched controls.

  2. A comparison of patient-reported outcome measures after spinal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, M S; Newey, M; Sell, P

    2015-03-01

    Minimal clinically important differences (MCID) in the scores of patient-reported outcome measures allow clinicians to assess the outcome of intervention from the perspective of the patient. There has been significant variation in their absolute values in previous publications and a lack of consistency in their calculation. The purpose of this study was first, to establish whether these values, following spinal surgery, vary depending on the surgical intervention and their method of calculation and secondly, to assess whether there is any correlation between the two external anchors most frequently used to calculate the MCID. We carried out a retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered data of adult patients who underwent elective spinal surgery between 1994 and 2009. A total of 244 patients were included. There were 125 men and 119 women with a mean age of 54 years (16 to 84); the mean follow-up was 62 months (6 to 199) The MCID was calculated using three previously published methods. Our results show that the value of the MCID varies considerably with the operation and its method of calculation. There was good correlation between the two external anchors. The global outcome tool correlated significantly better. We conclude that consensus needs to be reached on the best method of calculating the MCID. This then needs to be defined for each spinal procedure. Using a blanket value for the MCID for all spinal procedures should be avoided. ©2015 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  3. Remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus after bariatric surgery - comparison between procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Soto, María L; Martín-Leyva, Ana; González-Jiménez, Amalia; García-Rubio, Jesús; Cózar-Ibáñez, Antonio; Zamora-Camacho, Francisco J; Leyva-Martínez, María S; Jiménez-Ríos, Jose A; Escobar-Jiménez, Fernándo

    2017-01-01

    We aimed to assess the mid-term type 2 diabetes mellitus recovery patterns in morbidly obese patients by comparing some relevant physiological parameters of patients of bariatric surgery between two types of surgical procedures: mixed (roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion) and restrictive (sleeve gastrectomy). This is a prospective and observational study of co-morbid, type 2 diabetes mellitus evolution in 49 morbidly obese patients: 37 underwent mixed surgery procedures and 12 a restrictive surgery procedure. We recorded weight, height, body mass index, and glycaemic, lipid, and nutritional blood parameters, prior to procedure, as well as six and twelve months post-operatively. In addition, we tested for differences in patient recovery and investigated predictive factors in diabetes remission. Both glycaemic and lipid profiles diminished significantly to healthy levels by 6 and 12 months post intervention. Type 2 diabetes mellitus showed remission in more than 80% of patients of both types of surgical procedures, with no difference between them. Baseline body mass index, glycated haemoglobin, and insulin intake, among others, were shown to be valuable predictors of diabetes remission one year after the intervention. The choice of the type of surgical procedure did not significantly affect the remission rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus in morbidly obese patients. (Endokrynol Pol 2017; 68 (1): 18-25).

  4. Comparison of turbinoplasty surgery efficacy in patients with and without allergic rhinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamerschmidt, Rodrigo; Hamerschmidt, Rogério; Moreira, Ana Tereza Ramos; Tenório, Sérgio Bernardo; Timi, Jorge Rufno Ribas

    2016-01-01

    Turbinoplasty is a procedure that aims to reduce the size of the inferior turbinate through exuberant bone removal with high mucosal preservation. The procedure is recommended for patients with or without allergic rhinitis and those showing irreversible hypertrophy of inferior turbinates. To evaluate the efficacy of inferior turbinoplasty for obstructive and non-obstructive symptoms in patients with or without allergic rhinitis. Prospective study with 57 patients who underwent inferior turbinoplasty. They were evaluated for nasal obstruction, snoring, facial pressure, smell alterations, sneezing, nasal itching and runny nose symptoms, surgery time, and intraoperative bleeding. The last evaluation took place three months after surgery. Thirty-nine patients with allergic rhinitis and 18 without were assessed. Ninety days after surgery, 94.7% of patients showed degrees IV and V of breathing improvement; 89.5% showed moderate or complete improvement in snoring; all patients showed smell improvement (only one showed moderate improvement; all the others had full improvement); 95.5% experienced complete facial pressure improvement; and 89.7% showed moderate to complete improvement in nasal itching and runny nose symptoms, as well as in sneezing. The efficacy of inferior turbinoplasty was confirmed not only for obstructive symptoms, but also for non-obstructive symptoms in patients with and without allergic rhinitis. Copyright © 2015 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  5. Perceptions of Teaching Methods for Preclinical Oral Surgery: A Comparison with Learning Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omar, Esam

    2017-01-01

    Dental extraction is a routine part of clinical dental practice. For this reason, understanding the way how students' extraction knowledge and skills development are important. To date, there is no accredited statement about the most effective method for the teaching of exodontia to dental students. Students have different abilities and preferences regarding how they learn and process information. This is defined as learning style. In this study, the effectiveness of active learning in the teaching of preclinical oral surgery was examined. The personality type of the groups involved in this study was determined, and the possible effect of personality type on learning style was investigated. This study was undertaken over five years from 2011 to 2015. The sample consisted of 115 students and eight staff members. Questionnaires were submitted by 68 students and all eight staff members involved. Three measures were used in the study: The Index of Learning Styles (Felder and Soloman, 1991), the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and the styles of learning typology (Grasha and Hruska-Riechmann). Findings indicated that demonstration and minimal clinical exposure give students personal validation. Frequent feedback on their work is strongly indicated to build the cognitive, psychomotor, and interpersonal skills needed from preclinical oral surgery courses. Small group cooperative active learning in the form of demonstration and minimal clinical exposure that gives frequent feedback and students' personal validation on their work is strongly indicated to build the skills needed for preclinical oral surgery courses.

  6. Comparison of turbinoplasty surgery efficacy in patients with and without allergic rhinitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Hamerschmidt

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Turbinoplasty is a procedure that aims to reduce the size of the inferior turbinate through exuberant bone removal with high mucosal preservation. The procedure is recommended for patients with or without allergic rhinitis and those showing irreversible hypertrophy of inferior turbinates. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of inferior turbinoplasty for obstructive and non-obstructive symptoms in patients with or without allergic rhinitis. METHODS: Prospective study with 57 patients who underwent inferior turbinoplasty. They were evaluated for nasal obstruction, snoring, facial pressure, smell alterations, sneezing, nasal itching and runny nose symptoms, surgery time, and intraoperative bleeding. The last evaluation took place three months after surgery. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients with allergic rhinitis and 18 without were assessed. Ninety days after surgery, 94.7% of patients showed degrees IV and V of breathing improvement; 89.5% showed moderate or complete improvement in snoring; all patients showed smell improvement (only one showed moderate improvement; all the others had full improvement; 95.5% experienced complete facial pressure improvement; and 89.7% showed moderate to complete improvement in nasal itching and runny nose symptoms, as well as in sneezing. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of inferior turbinoplasty was confirmed not only for obstructive symptoms, but also for non-obstructive symptoms in patients with and without allergic rhinitis.

  7. Comparison of Semi-Invasive "Internal Splinting" and Open Suturing Techniques in Achilles Tendon Rupture Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarman, Hakan; Muezzinoglu, Umit Sefa; Memisoglu, Kaya; Aydin, Adem; Atmaca, Halil; Baran, Tuncay; Odabas Ozgur, Bahar; Ozgur, Turgay; Kantar, Cengizhan

    2016-01-01

    The goal of the present study was to evaluate the semi-invasive "internal splinting" (SIIS) method for repair of Achilles tendon rupture relative to open repair with Krakow sutures. Efficacy was evaluated based on the clinical and functional outcomes, postoperative magnetic resonance imaging measurements, isokinetic results, and surgical complication rates. Functional measurements included the Thermann and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle scores, bilateral ankle dorsiflexion, and plantar flexion measurements. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to compare the bilateral length and thickness of each Achilles tendon. The isokinetic outcomes were evaluated using a Biodex System 3 dynamometer. Of the 45 patients meeting the inclusion criteria, 24 were treated by SIIS and 21 by the open Krackow suture technique. The mean follow-up time for all patients was 43.7 (range 6 to 116) months. In the SIIS group, patients returned to normal daily activities after 7.2 (range 6 to 8) weeks compared with 14.3 (range 12 to 15) weeks in the open surgery group. The AOFAS ankle scores were 93.5 (range 82 to 100) points in the open repair group and 96.2 (range 86 to 100) points in the SIIS group. The Thermann scores were 80.4 (range 53 to 91) points for the open repair group and 87.9 (range 81 to 100) points for the SIIS method. The mean Achilles length on the operated side measured using magnetic resonance imaging was 175.06 (range 110 to 224) mm and 177.76 (range 149 to 214) mm for the open surgery and SIIS groups, respectively. Sensory impairment in the territory of the sural nerve was identified in 1 patient immediately after SIIS surgery, although this defect had completely resolved within 12 months. SIIS yielded better outcomes relative to the open surgery group according to the isokinetic measurements. Taken together, these data indicate the SIIS method for Achilles tendon ruptures performed better in terms of both functional and objective outcomes

  8. COMPARISON OF UASB AND FLUIDIZED-BED REACTORS FOR SULFATE REDUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Bertolino

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Reactor hydrodynamics is important for sulfidogenesis because sulfate reduction bacteria (SRB do not granulate easily. In this work, the sulfate reduction performance of two continuous anaerobic bioreactors was investigated: (i an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB reactor and (ii a fluidized bed reactor (FBR. Organic loading, sulfate reduction, and COD removal were the main parameters monitored during lactate and glycerol degradation. The UASB reactor with biomass recirculation showed a specific sulfate reduction rate of 0.089±0.014 g.gSSV-1.d-1 (89% reduction, whereas values twice as high were achieved in the FBR treating either lactate (0.200±0.017 g.gSSV-1.d-1 or glycerol (0.178±0.010 g.gSSV-1.d-1. Sulfate reduction with pure glycerol produced a smaller residual COD (1700 mg.L-1 than that produced with lactate (2500 mg.L-1 at the same COD.sulfate-1 mass ratio. It was estimated that 50% of glycerol degradation was due to sulfate reduction and 50% to fermentation, which was supported by the presence of butyrate in the FBR effluent. The UASB reactor was unable to produce effluents with sulfate concentrations below 250 mg.L-1 due to poor mixing conditions, whereas the FBR consistently ensured residual sulfate concentrations below such a value.

  9. Comparison of image quality in head CT studies with different dose-reduction strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Jeppe; Nielsen, Rikke; Fink-Jensen, Vibeke

    account to a considerable radiation dose as many patients undergo repeated studies. Therefore, various dose-reduction strategies are applied such as automated tube current and voltage modulation and recently different iterative reconstruction algorithms. However, the trade-off of all dose......-reduction maneuvers is reduction of image quality due to image noise or artifacts. The aim of our study was therefore to find the best diagnostic images with lowest possible dose. We present results of dose- and image quality optimizing strategies of brain CT examinations at our institution. We compare sequential...

  10. Advancement of thyroid surgery video recording: A comparison between two full HD head mounted video cameras.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortensi, Andrea; Panunzi, Andrea; Trombetta, Silvia; Cattaneo, Alberto; Sorrenti, Salvatore; D'Orazi, Valerio

    2017-05-01

    The aim of this study was to test two different video cameras and recording systems used in thyroid surgery in our Department. This is meant to be an attempt to record the real point of view of the magnified vision of surgeon, so as to make the viewer aware of the difference with the naked eye vision. In this retrospective study, we recorded and compared twenty thyroidectomies performed using loupes magnification and microsurgical technique: ten were recorded with GoPro® 4 Session action cam (commercially available) and ten with our new prototype of head mounted video camera. Settings were selected before surgery for both cameras. The recording time is about from 1 to 2 h for GoPro® and from 3 to 5 h for our prototype. The average time of preparation to fit the camera on the surgeon's head and set the functionality is about 5 min for GoPro® and 7-8 min for the prototype, mostly due to HDMI wiring cable. Videos recorded with the prototype require no further editing, which is mandatory for videos recorded with GoPro® to highlight the surgical details. the present study showed that our prototype of video camera, compared with GoPro® 4 Session, guarantees best results in terms of surgical video recording quality, provides to the viewer the exact perspective of the microsurgeon and shows accurately his magnified view through the loupes in thyroid surgery. These recordings are surgical aids for teaching and education and might be a method of self-analysis of surgical technique. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Comparison of Appendectomy Outcomes Between Senior General Surgeons and General Surgery Residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siam, Baha; Al-Kurd, Abbas; Simanovsky, Natalia; Awesat, Haitham; Cohn, Yahav; Helou, Brigitte; Eid, Ahmed; Mazeh, Haggi

    2017-07-01

    In some centers, the presence of a senior general surgeon (SGS) is obligatory in every procedure, including appendectomy, while in others it is not. There is a relative paucity in the literature of reports comparing the outcomes of appendectomies performed by unsupervised general surgery residents (GSRs) with those performed in the presence of an SGS. To compare the outcomes of appendectomies performed by SGSs with those performed by GSRs. A retrospective analysis was performed of all patients 16 years or older operated on for assumed acute appendicitis between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015. The cohort study compared appendectomies performed by SGSs and GSRs in the general surgical department of a teaching hospital. The primary outcome measured was the postoperative early and late complication rates. Secondary outcomes included time from emergency department to operating room, length of surgery, surgical technique (open or laparoscopic), use of laparoscopic staplers, and overall duration of postoperative antibiotic treatment. Among 1649 appendectomy procedures (mean [SD] patient age, 33.7 [13.3] years; 612 female [37.1%]), 1101 were performed by SGSs and 548 by GSRs. Analysis demonstrated no significant difference between the SGS group and the GSR group in overall postoperative early and late complication rates, the use of imaging techniques, time from emergency department to operating room, percentage of complicated appendicitis, postoperative length of hospital stay, and overall duration of postoperative antibiotic treatment. However, length of surgery was significantly shorter in the SGS group than in the GSR group (mean [SD], 39.9 [20.9] vs 48.6 [20.2] minutes; P < .001). This study demonstrates that unsupervised surgical residents may safely perform appendectomies, with no difference in postoperative early and late complication rates compared with those performed in the presence of an SGS.

  12. Design-Based Comparison of Spine Surgery Simulators: Optimizing Educational Features of Surgical Simulators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Won Hyung A; Mostafa, Ahmed E; Dharampal, Navjit; Sharlin, Ehud; Kopp, Gail; Jacobs, W Bradley; Hurlbert, R John; Chan, Sonny; Sutherland, Garnette R

    2017-10-01

    Simulation-based education has made its entry into surgical residency training, particularly as an adjunct to hands-on clinical experience. However, one of the ongoing challenges to wide adoption is the capacity of simulators to incorporate educational features required for effective learning. The aim of this study was to identify strengths and limitations of spine simulators to characterize design elements that are essential in enhancing resident education. We performed a mixed qualitative and quantitative cohort study with a focused survey and interviews of stakeholders in spine surgery pertaining to their experiences on 3 spine simulators. Ten participants were recruited spanning all levels of training and expertise until qualitative analysis reached saturation of themes. Participants were asked to perform lumbar pedicle screw insertion on 3 simulators. Afterward, a 10-item survey was administrated and a focused interview was conducted to explore topics pertaining to the design features of the simulators. Overall impressions of the simulators were positive with regards to their educational benefit, but our qualitative analysis revealed differing strengths and limitations. Main design strengths of the computer-based simulators were incorporation of procedural guidance and provision of performance feedback. The synthetic model excelled in achieving more realistic haptic feedback and incorporating use of actual surgical tools. Stakeholders from trainees to experts acknowledge the growing role of simulation-based education in spine surgery. However, different simulation modalities have varying design elements that augment learning in distinct ways. Characterization of these design characteristics will allow for standardization of simulation curricula in spinal surgery, optimizing educational benefit. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Comparison of Epidural Bupivacaine, Levobupivacaine and Dexmedetomidine in Patients Undergoing Vascular Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sathyanarayana, Lakshmi Adalagere; Heggeri, Vijayakumar M; Simha, Parimala Prasanna; Narasimaiah, Satish; Narasimaiah, Manjunath; Subbarao, Bharathi Katheraguppa

    2016-01-01

    Levobupivacaine is the s-isomer of racemic Bupivacaine. It is less cardio, neurotoxic and equally potent local anaesthetic compared to its racemate. It is known to cause less Depression of myocardial contractility. Dexmeditomidine when used via epidural route has synergistic effect with local anaesthetics. Majority of patients presenting for vascular surgery are elderly and have associated co-morbidities like diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. We intend to study safety and efficacy of epidural Levoupivacaine and Dexmedetomidine in this group of patients. Sixty adult patients undergoing lower limb vascular surgery under lumbar epidural anaesthesia were randomly allocated to three groups. All groups were preloaded with 10ml/kg of crystalloid solution. B group was scheduled to receive 15 ml of racemic Bupivacaine, L-group was scheduled to receive 15ml of Levobupivacaine and LD-group received 15ml of Levobupivacaine with 0.5 mics/kg Dexmeditomedine. Time to onset of sensory block to T-10, maximum sensory level achieved, Bromage scale, time to two segment regression, time to total regression, sedation level achieved and patients assessment of quality of anaesthesia were assessed. Haemodynamic parameters were monitored throughout study period. Adverse effects were noted and treated appropriately. Baseline parameters were comparable among all the groups. Time to onset of sensory block to T-10 and maximum level of block achieved, was comparable among the groups. Time to two segment regression and time to total regression was significantly prolonged in LD group compared to other two groups. There was significant bradycardia noted in LD group which required treatment. Levobupivacaine can be safely used in elderly high risk patients undergoing vascular surgery. Addition of dexmedetomidine prolongs the duration of anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia.

  14. Comparison of clonidine and fentanyl as adjuvant to ropivacaine in spinal anesthesia in lower abdominal surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharan, Radhe; Verma, Rajan; Dhawan, Akshay; Kumar, Jugal

    2016-01-01

    Ropivacaine, a newer local anesthetic, is gaining increased acceptance due to its improved safety profile over bupivacaine and lignocaine. Analgesic adjuvants have proved to be valuable in improving the quality of anesthesia and duration of analgesia. To compare the efficacy of clonidine and fentanyl as adjuvants to ropivacaine in spinal anesthesia in lower abdominal surgeries. A randomized, double-blind control study was carried out in 100 patients who were randomly divided into two groups. Ropivacaine-clonidine group (RC) received 30 μg of clonidine with 18.75 mg of 0.75% isobaric ropivacaine, Ropivacaine-fentanyl group (RF) received 25 μg of fentanyl with 18.75 mg of 0.75% isobaric ropivacaine intrathecally. The onset and duration of sensory and motor block, hemodynamic parameters, quality of surgical analgesia, total analgesia time, sedation score, and side effects were statistically analyzed using SPSS statistical package, paired and unpaired t-tests and Chi-square test. The duration of sensory block in RC (240.00 ± 20.99), RF (196.80 ± 18.34), and motor block in RC (192.20 ± 17.36), RF (139.20 ± 17.93) outlasted the duration of surgery. In clonidine group, there was significant prolongation of sensory block, motor block and the total analgesia time. Hypotension and bradycardia occurred more commonly in RC group, whereas pruritus was more in RF group. Ropivacaine when combined with either clonidine or fentanyl provided an adequate subarachnoid block for lower abdominal surgeries. As an adjuvant, clonidine has advantage over fentanyl as it increased the duration of the subarachnoid block and the postoperative analgesia.

  15. Comparison of epsilon aminocaproic acid and tranexamic Acid in thoracic aortic surgery: clinical efficacy and safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makhija, Neeti; Sarupria, Anju; Kumar Choudhary, Shiv; Das, Sambhunath; Lakshmy, Ramakrishnan; Kiran, Usha

    2013-12-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) versus epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA) in patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery. A prospective randomized study. A tertiary care center. The study was conducted on 64 consecutive adult patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Group EACA received a bolus of 50 mg/kg of EACA after induction of anesthesia over 20 minutes followed by maintenance infusion of 25 mg/kg/h until chest closure. Group TXA received a bolus of 10 mg/kg of TXA after induction of anesthesia over 20 minutes followed by maintenance infusion of 1 mg/kg/h until chest closure. Cumulated mean blood loss, total packed red blood cells, and blood product requirement up to 24 h postoperatively were comparable between groups. A significant renal injury (EACA 40% v TXA 16%; p = 0.04) and increased tendency for renal failure (EACA 10% v TXA 0%, p = 0.11; relative risk 2.15) were observed with EACA compared to TXA. There was increased tendency of seizure with TXA (EACA v TXA: 3.3% v 10%; p>0.05, relative risk 1.53). There was significant increase in the D-dimer from preoperative to postoperative values in Group EACA. (p< 0.01). Both EACA and TXA were equally effective in reducing the perioperative blood loss and transfusion requirement in patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery. While significant renal injury was observed with EACA, there was a tendency for higher incidence of seizure with TXA. Prospective placebo-controlled trials recruiting larger sample size using sensitive biomarkers are required before any recommendations. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Comparisons of receive array interference reduction techniques under erroneous generalized transmit beamforming

    KAUST Repository

    Radaydeh, Redha Mahmoud

    2014-02-01

    This paper studies generalized single-stream transmit beamforming employing receive array co-channel interference reduction algorithms under slow and flat fading multiuser wireless systems. The impact of imperfect prediction of channel state information for the desired user spatially uncorrelated transmit channels on the effectiveness of transmit beamforming for different interference reduction techniques is investigated. The case of over-loaded receive array with closely-spaced elements is considered, wherein it can be configured to specified interfering sources. Both dominant interference reduction and adaptive interference reduction techniques for statistically ordered and unordered interferers powers, respectively, are thoroughly studied. The effect of outdated statistical ordering of the interferers powers on the efficiency of dominant interference reduction is studied and then compared against the adaptive interference reduction. For the system models described above, new analytical formulations for the statistics of combined signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio are presented, from which results for conventional maximum ratio transmission and single-antenna best transmit selection can be directly deduced as limiting cases. These results are then utilized to obtain quantitative measures for various performance metrics. They are also used to compare the achieved performance of various configuration models under consideration. © 1972-2012 IEEE.

  17. Venous thrombosis after abdominal surgery. A comparison between subcutaneous heparin and antithrombotic stockings, or both

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, A; Hansen, P T; Lindholt, J

    1988-01-01

    In an open controlled study, 248 consecutive patients (age more than 40 yrs) admitted for major abdominal surgery were randomized to one of three prophylactic antithrombotic treatments. Eighty-five patients received subcutaneous heparin, 74 patients had graduated compression stockings to the knee...... of the lower limbs as a test for deep vein thrombosis. There were 29.7% positive tests in the stocking group, 29.4% in the group with heparin prophylaxis, and 25.8% in the combined group. Differences between treatments were not statistically significant....

  18. A Comparison of aminocaproic Acid and Tranexamic Acid in Adult Cardiac Surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Chauhan S; Gharde P; Bisoi A; Kale S; Kiran U

    2004-01-01

    We compared Aminocaproic acid with tranexamic acid, prospectively in 120 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were assigned to one of the 3 groups. Group A (n=40) did not receive any drug and acted as the control group. Group B (n=4) received aminocaproic acid 100 mg/kg each at anaesthetic induction, on bypass and after protamine reversal of heparin. group C (n=40) received tranexamic acid 10 mg/kg each at anaesthetic induction, on bypass and ...

  19. A double-blind prospective comparison of rofecoxib vs ketorolac in reducing postoperative pain after arthroscopic knee surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jung T; Sherman, Orrin; Cuff, Germaine; Leibovits, Allen; Wajda, Michael; Bekker, Alex Y

    2005-09-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of premedication with rofecoxib vs intravenous (IV) ketorolac in reducing postoperative pain after arthroscopic knee surgery. This is a prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. This study was set at a university hospital. The subjects include 54 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statuses I, II, and III undergoing knee arthroscopy. Group 1 received 50 mg oral rofecoxib preoperatively with IV placebo injection, which was administered 20 minutes before the end of the operation. Group 2 received a preoperative placebo and 30 mg IV ketorolac 20 minutes before the end of surgery. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of patients reporting pain in the postoperative anesthesia care unit, 6 hours and 24 hours after discharge. Additional end points included the use of 5:325 mg oxycodone-acetaminophen (O/A) tablets, pain scores, patient's satisfaction survey, and comparison of side effects. Data were analyzed using independent samples t tests for continuous variables or chi2 tests for categorical variables. P < .05 was considered significant. The 2 groups were comparable with regard to patient characteristics, intraoperative medication use, and duration of surgery. There was no difference either in pain scores or O/A use in the postoperative anesthesia care unit. At 24 hours after discharge, significantly more patients in the ketorolac group (91%) reported pain than the rofecoxib group (63%) (P = .02). Sixty-one percent of patients in the ketorolac group used O/A during the first 24 hours vs 38% in the rofecoxib group. The difference, however, was not statistically significant. Preoperative rofecoxib is as effective as ketorolac for the treatment of pain after knee arthroscopy. Higher frequency of pain reporting at 24 hours by patients in ketorolac group is explained by the longer analgesic effect of rofecoxib. Future studies should directly compare gastrointestinal injury of

  20. Myocardial damage following cardiac surgery: comparison between single-dose Celsior cardioplegic solution and cold blood multi-dose cardioplegia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, P; Scrascia, G; D'Agostino, D; Mastro, F; Rotunno, C; Conte, M; Rociola, R; Paparella, D

    2013-11-01

    Myocardial protection during cardiac surgery can be accomplished by different cardioplegic solutions. The aim of this study was to assess myocardial damage after heart valve surgery performed with myocardial protection of a single dose of Celsior cardioplegia or with repeated cold blood cardioplegia. After the stratification of 139 valvular patients by means of matching according to cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time, 32 patients were retained for comparison (16 patients received Celsior and 16 patients received cold blood cardioplegia). Creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) release were evaluated until six days after the operation. Pre-operative characteristics were similar in both groups. In the Celsior group, CK-MB and cTnI values were significantly higher from the first up to the sixth post-operative day. Peak cTnI values were 19.4 ± 13.4 and 9.7 ± 7 ng/mL (p=0.01) in the Celsior and the Cold Blood group, respectively. Peak CK-MB values were 79.6 ± 58.8 and 45.9 ± 20.6 U/L (p=0.07) in the Celsior and the Cold Blood group, respectively. Cold blood cardioplegia reduces perioperative myocardial damage compared to the Celsior solution in elective cardiac valve operations.

  1. A comparison between intrastomal 3D ultrasonography, CT scanning and findings at surgery in patients with stomal complaints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Näsvall, P; Wikner, F; Gunnarsson, U; Rutegård, J; Strigård, K

    2014-10-01

    Since there are no reliable investigative tools for imaging parastomal hernia, new techniques are needed. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of intrastomal three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D) as an alternative to CT scanning for the assessment of stomal complaints. Twenty patients with stomal complaints, indicating surgery, were examined preoperatively with a CT scan in the supine position and 3D intrastomal ultrasonography in the supine and erect positions. Comparison with findings at surgery, considered to be the true state, was made. Both imaging methods, 3D ultrasonography and CT scanning, showed high sensitivity (ultrasound 15/18, CT scan 15/18) and specificity (ultrasound 2/2, CT scan 1/2) when judged by a dedicated radiologist. Corresponding values for interpretation of CT scans in routine clinical practice was for sensitivity 17/18 and for specificity 1/2. 3D ultrasonography has a high validity and is a promising alternative to CT scanning in the supine position to distinguish a bulge from a parastomal hernia.

  2. Direct comparison between cerebral oximetry by INVOS(TM) and EQUANOX(TM) during cardiac surgery: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisano, A; Galdieri, N; Iovino, T P; Angelone, M; Corcione, A

    2014-01-01

    Several near-infrared spectroscopy oximeters are commercially available for clinical use, with lack of standardization among them. Accordingly, cerebral oxygen saturation thresholds for hypoxia/ischemia identified in studies conducted with INVOS(TM) models do not necessarily apply to other devices. In this study, the measurements made with both INVOS(TM) and EQUANOX(TM) oximeters on the forehead of 10 patients during conventional cardiac surgery are directly compared, in order to evaluate the interchangeability of these two devices in clinical practice. Cerebral oxygen saturation measurements were collected from both INVOS(TM) 5100C and EQUANOX(TM) 7600 before anesthetic induction (baseline), two minutes after tracheal intubation, at cardiopulmonary bypass onset/offset, at aortic cross-clamping/unclamping, at the end of surgery and whenever at least one of the two devices measured a reduction in cerebral oxygen saturation equal to or greater than 20% of the baseline value. Bland-Altman analysis was used to compare the bias and limits of agreement between the two devices. A total of 140 paired measurements were recorded. The mean bias between INVOS(TM) and EQUANOX(TM) was -5.1%, and limits of agreement were ±16.37%. Considering the values as percent of baseline, the mean bias was -1.43% and limits of agreement were ±16.47. A proportional bias was observed for both absolute values and changes from baseline. INVOS(TM) and EQUANOX(TM) do not seem to be interchangeable in measuring both absolute values and dynamic changes of cerebral oxygen saturation during cardiac surgery. Large investigations, with appropriate design, are needed in order to identify any device-specific threshold.

  3. A retrospective comparison of the management of recalcitrant lateral elbow tendinosis: platelet-rich plasma injections versus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Ronald D; Schmitt, William P; Lineberry, Kyle; Luce, Paul

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections to surgical release and decortication for lateral elbow tendinosis within a similar patient population. A retrospective chart review was performed on two groups of patients, receiving either PRP injections (n = 28) or surgery (n = 50). Patient demographics, clinical presentation, pain score, worker's compensation status, and previous steroid injections were recorded. Primary outcomes included pain and symptom improvement, range of motion, return to work, and postoperative complications. Demographics, duration of symptoms, and exam findings were similar between the PRP and surgical patients. There was no significant difference in pain and symptom improvement. Pain improvement was reported in 89.3 % of PRP patients and 84 % of surgical patients, with a reported percent reduction in pain of 61.1 and 55 %, respectively. Symptoms other than pain improved in 85.7 and 88 % of the PRP and surgical patients, respectively. Tenderness to palpation at the lateral epicondyle (64.3 % PRP, 44 % surgical), pain with resisted wrist extension (35.7 % PRP, 30 % surgical), or residual symptoms other than pain (14.3 % PRP, 10 % surgical) were not significantly different between groups at last follow-up. Eighty-two percent of patients in both the PRP and surgical groups returned to work. No complications were reported. Mean follow-up was 315 vs. 352 days for the PRP and surgical groups, respectively. Similar outcomes in pain improvement and return to work may be achievable with either PRP injections or surgery in recalcitrant lateral elbow tendinosis. PRP injections may be a reasonable alternative for patients apprehensive to proceed with surgery or poor surgical candidates.

  4. Comparison of volume control and pressure control ventilation in patients undergoing single level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moningi, Srilata; Elmati, Praveen Kumar; Rao, Prasad; Kanithi, Geetha; Kulkarni, Dilip Kumar; Ramachandran, Gopinath

    2017-10-01

    Pressure control and volume control ventilation are the most preferred modes of ventilator techniques available in the intraoperative period. The study compared the intraoperative ventilator and blood gas variables of volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) in patients undergoing single level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). After obtaining Institutional Ethical Committee approval and informed consent, sixty patients scheduled for single level ACDF surgery performed in supine position under general anaesthesia were included. Group V (30 patients) received VCV and Group P (30 patients) received PCV. The primary objective was oxygenation variable PaO2/FiO2 at different points of time i.e. T1-20 min after the institution of the ventilation, T2-20 min after placement of the retractors and T3-20 min after removal of the retractors. The secondary objectives include other arterial blood gas parameters, respiratory and haemodynamic parameters. NCSS version 9 statistical software was used for statistics. Two-way repeated measures for analysis of variance with post hoc Tukey Kramer test was used to analyse continuous variables for both intra- and inter-group comparisons, paired sample t-test for overall comparison and Chi-square test for categorical data. The primary variable PaO2/FiO2 was comparable in both groups (P = 0.08). The respiratory variables, PAP and Cdynam were statistically significant in PCV group compared to VCV (P 0.05). Clinically, both PCV and VCV group appear to be-equally suited ventilator techniques for anterior cervical spine surgery patients.

  5. Significant reduction of fluoroscopy repetition with lumbar localization system in minimally invasive spine surgery: A prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Guoxin; Zhang, Hailong; Gu, Xin; Wang, Chuanfeng; Guan, Xiaofei; Fan, Yunshan; He, Shisheng

    2017-05-01

    The conventional location methods for minimally invasive spinal surgery (MISS) were mainly based on repeated fluoroscopy in a trial-and-error manner preoperatively and intraoperatively. Localization system mainly consisted of preoperative applied radiopaque frame and intraoperative guiding device, which has the potential to minimize fluoroscopy repetition in MISS. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a novel lumbar localization system in reducing radiation exposure to patients.Included patients underwent minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF) or percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED). Patients treated with novel localization system were regarded as Group A, and patients treated without novel localization system were regarded as Group B.For PTED, The estimated effective dose was 0.41 ± 0.13 mSv in Group A and 0.57 ± 0.14 mSv in Group B (P minimizing radiation hazards.

  6. Comparison of 2 training programs for basic laparoscopic skills and simulated surgery performance in veterinary students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chi-Ya; Ragle, Claude A; Lencioni, Rachael; Fransson, Boel A

    2017-11-01

    To compare the effects of 2 training curricula on laparoscopic skills and performance of simulated surgery in veterinary students. Prospective study. Veterinary students (n = 33) with no prior hands-on experience in minimally invasive surgery. Basic laparoscopic skills (BLS) were assessed based on 5 modified McGill inanimate system for training and evaluation of laparoscopic skills. Motion metrics and an objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) were used to evaluate surgical skills during a simulated laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed in an augmented reality simulator. Students were randomly assigned to either skill-based (group A) or procedural-based (group B) training curriculum. Both tests were performed prior to and after a 10-session training curriculum. Post-training BLS results were improved in both training groups (P difference was detected in OSATS before and after training. Both training curricula improved BLS, but significant differences were not detected between the procedural-based training program and basic skills training alone in veterinary students. Motion metrics such as time, economy of movement, and instrument path were superior to an OSATS, when assessing surgical performance. Further studies are needed to compare the effects of different simulators on the training of veterinarians with diverse laparoscopic surgical experience. © 2017 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  7. Randomized comparison of oral and intravenous fluid regimens after gallbladder surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassell, O C; Oakley, N; Forrest, A R; Thomas, W E; Dennison, A R

    1996-05-01

    Numerous studies of post-operative fluid status have utilized sophisticated measurements of electrolyte distribution and fluid shift without relating results to clinical practice. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the response of patients undergoing abdominal surgery of moderate severity to conservative post-operative fluid administration. Forty-five patients undergoing open cholecystectomy were randomized to receive 2.51 of fluid (1 l normal saline and 1.51 5% dextrose), 1 l of normal saline, or free oral fluids (groups 1, 2, 3, respectively). Serum and urine osmolality and electrolytes were measured pre-operatively and at 24 and 48 h post-operatively. Patients remained in the study irrespective of the urine output. Plasma electrolytes and osmolality remained within normal limits in all three groups despite significant changes in urine electrolyte and osmolality in groups 2 and 3. This confirms that a conservative approach to fluid administration has no detrimental effect on hydration in fit patients with uncomplicated surgery.

  8. Pain perception in sequential cataract surgery: comparison of first and second procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ursea, Roxana; Feng, Matthew T; Zhou, Michael; Lien, Vivian; Loeb, Robert

    2011-06-01

    To compare pain and anxiety between first and second cataract extractions under topical anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care. University ophthalmology clinic. Cohort study. Consecutive adults having bilateral sequential clear corneal cataract extraction using phacoemulsification under topical anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care were recruited. Exclusion criteria included baseline eye pain, poor comprehension, and complicated cataract extraction. Patients completed 4 short perioperative surveys with each cataract extraction as follows: the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI) preoperatively and a 0-to-10 visual analog scale pain survey twice after surgery. Pain and difference in pain were the primary outcomes. Of the 65 patients who completed the study, 26 (40%) reported higher visual analog scale pain scores for the second cataract extraction. Overall, the median pain score was 0 (range 0 to 6) for the first cataract extraction and 1 (range 0 to 9) for the second (P = .004). By 1 day postoperatively, the pain scores were similar (median 0; range 0 to 9; P = .58). Both APAIS and STAI anxiety scores decreased between surgeries (P = .003 and P preoperative anxiety and may be related to the amnestic effects of intravenous sedation. These data may explain a common operative observation. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2011 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Comparison of different adjuvant radiotherapy approaches in childhood bladder/prostate rhabdomyosarcoma treated with conservative surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinzelmann, Frank; Bamberg, Michael; Weinmann, Martin [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Thorwarth, Daniela; Lamprecht, Ulf; Kaulich, Theodor W. [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology/Medical Physics; Fuchs, Joerg; Seitz, Guido [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Pediatric Surgery; Ebinger, Martin; Handgretinger, Rupert [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Pediatric Oncology

    2011-11-15

    Multimodality treatment approaches provide high local control and satisfying overall survival (OS) for children with localized bladder and/or prostate rhabdomyosarcoma (BP-RMS). However, current strategies including surgery and conventional radiotherapy are compromised by high rates of long-term genitourinary adverse effects. Therefore, a planning study combining organ preserving surgery with three different innovative adjuvant radiotherapy approaches was performed. A case of a 21-month-old boy with BP-RMS treated with polychemotherapy according to the CWS 2002-P protocol, prostatectomy, partial cystectomy, and adjuvant high dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) was used to perform a planning study comparing HDR-BT with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) planning. All modalities provide good coverage of the target volume and spare critical normal tissues. Rectum doses could be reduced by 2/3 using IMPT and by 1/3 using BT compared to IMRT. In terms of sparing the pelvis growth plates, BT and IMPT are also superior to IMRT. All modalities provide good sparing of normal tissue. BT and IMPT are superior to IMRT with regard to doses on rectum and growth plates. BT is equivalent to IMPT in adequately selected tumors. (orig.)

  10. Comparison of Bigbag and Rayner620H intraocular lens in cataract surgeries in high myopia patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhan-Jiang Liu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To investigate the effects of Bigbag and Rayner620H intraocular lens in cataract surgeries in high myopia patients. METHODS:Seventy-seven patients(128 eyeswere treated by phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation from January 2014 to March 2015 in our hospital. Thirty-nine patients(65 eyeswere treated with Bigbag intraocular lens, 38 cases(63 eyeswere treated with Rayner620H. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVAdistribution, the actual refractive value, the difference between predictive refractive value and actual refractive value and complications were measured and recorded in the two groups at 1mo after surgeries. RESULTS:The difference between the two groups on BCVA are statistically significant(PWilcoxon rank sum test. The differences between predictive refractive value and actual refractive value of the two groups were statistically significant(PPCONCLUSION:The effect of Bigbag intraocular lens for patients with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation is good, and it can reduce the risk of complications.

  11. Comparison of Ketorolac Tromethamine and Prednisolone Acetate in Preventing Surgically Induced Miosis during Cataract Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suleiman, Yusuf M; Krdoghli, Najwa F; Ahmad, Aksam J

    2010-04-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of topical prednisolone acetate 1% and topical ketorolac tromethamine 0.5% in the maintenance of pupillary mydriasis during cataract surgery. Fifty patients were enrolled in this prospective, partially masked and randomised study. They were assigned to receive topical treatment with either prednisolone acetate (n = 25) or ketorolac tromethamine (n = 25), starting 24 hours before cataract extraction (either routine extracapsular cataract extraction or phacoemulsification). One drop of the study medication was instilled every 6 hours for a total of 4 drops. No epinephrine was used in the intraoperative irrigation solution. Pupil diameter was measured three different times during surgery. To ensure participant safety, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, intraocular pressure, adverse events and visual acuity were also monitored. The mean pupil diameter change from the time of the pre-incision until after cortical irrigation and aspiration and lens implantation was significantly less with ketorolac than with prednisolone (P = 0.003). Consequently, mean pupil diameter after cortical irrigation and aspiration and lens implantation was significantly greater with ketorolac than with prednisolone (P miosis.

  12. Comparative study on three surgical techniques for intra-articular calcaneal fractures: open reduction with internal fixation using a plate, external fixation and minimally invasive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Missa Takasaka

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, compare and identify the surgical technique with best results for treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures, taking into account postoperative outcomes, complications and scoring in the Aofas questionnaire. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 54 patients with fractures of the calcaneus who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2012 by means of the following techniques: (1 open reduction with extended L-shaped lateral incision and fixation with double-H plate of 3.5 mm; (2 open reduction with minimal incision lateral approach and percutaneous fixation with wires and screws; and (3 open reduction with minimal incision lateral approach and fixation with adjustable monoplanar external fixator. RESULTS: Patients treated using a lateral approach, with fixation using a plate had a mean Aofas score of 76 points; those treated through a minimal incision lateral approach with screw and wire fixation had a mean score of 71 points; and those treated through a minimal incision lateral approach with an external fixator had a mean score of 75 points. The three surgical techniques were shown to be effective for treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures, without any evidence that any of the techniques being superior. CONCLUSION: Intra-articular calcaneal fractures are complex and their treatment should be individualized based on patient characteristics, type of fracture and the surgeon's experience with the surgical technique chosen.

  13. Does smoking reduction worsen mental health? A comparison of two observational approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Gemma; Taylor, Amy; Munafò, Marcus R; McNeill, Ann; Aveyard, Paul

    2015-05-15

    The association between smoking reduction and mental health is of particular interest given that many smokers report that smoking offers mental health benefits. We aimed to assess the association between smoking reduction and change in mental health using two different analytical approaches to determine if there was any evidence of an association. There were no prior hypotheses. A secondary analysis of prospective individual level patient data from 5 merged placebo-controlled randomised trials of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking reduction. All participants were adult smokers, selected because they wanted to reduce but not stop smoking, and had smoked for at least 3 years. Participants were excluded if they were pregnant, breastfeeding, under psychiatric care, deemed to be unfit by a general practitioner, or part of a cessation programme. 2066 participants were enrolled in the trials, 177 participants were biologically validated as prolonged reducers, and 509 as continuing smokers at both 6-week and 18-week follow-ups. Change in mental health from baseline to an 18-week follow-up was measured using the emotional well-being subscale on the Short Form Health Survey-36. After adjustment for confounding variables, the differences for reducers compared with continuing smokers were: regression modelling -0.6 (95% CI -4.4 to 3.2) and propensity score matching 1.1 (95% CI -2.0 to 4.1). Smoking reduction, sustained for at least 12 weeks, was not associated with change in mental health, suggesting that reducing smoking was no better or worse for mental health than continuing smoking. Clinicians offering smoking reduction as a route to quit can be confident that, on average, smoking reduction is not associated with negative change in mental health. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  14. Comparison of organic electroluminescence and liquid crystal displays for clinical utility in orthopedic endoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezawa, Akira; Sairyo, Koichi

    2014-05-01

    Organic electroluminescence displays (OELD) use organic materials that self-emit light with the passage of an electric current. OELD provide high contrast, excellent color reproducibility at low brightness, excellent video images, and less restricted viewing angles. OELD are thus promising for medical use. This study compared the utility of an OELD with conventional liquid crystal displays (LCD) for imaging in orthopedic endoscopic surgery. One OELD and two conventional LCD that were indistinguishable in external appearance were used in this study. Images from 18 patients were displayed simultaneously on three monitors and evaluated by six orthopedic surgeons with extensive surgical experience. Images were shown for 2 min, repeated twice, and viewed from the front and side (diagonally). Surgeon rated both clinical utility (12 parameters) and image quality (11 parameters) for each image on a 5-point scale: 1, very good; 2, good; 3, average; 4, poor; and 5, very poor. For clinical utility in 16 percutaneous endoscopic discectomy cases, mean scores for all 12 parameters were significantly better on the OELD than on the LCD, including organ distinguishability (2.1 vs 3.2, respectively), lesion identification (2.2 vs 3.1), and overall viewing impression (2.1 vs 3.1). For image quality, all 11 parameters were better on the OELD than on LCD. Significant differences were identified in six parameters, including contrast (1.8 vs 2.9), color reproducibility in dark areas (1.8 vs 2.9), and viewing angle (2.2 vs 2.9). The high contrast and excellent color reproducibility of the OELD reduced the constraints of imaging under endoscopy, in which securing a field of view may be difficult. Distinguishability of organs was good, including ligaments, dura mater, nerves, and adipose tissue, contributing to good stereoscopic images of the surgical field. These findings suggest the utility of OELD for excellent display of surgical images and for enabling safe and highly accurate

  15. A comparison of in vitro tests and a faecal egg count reduction test in detecting anthelmintic resistance in horse strongyles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Craven, J.; Bjørn, H.; Barnes, E.H.

    1999-01-01

    This study reports a comparison between faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT), egg hatch assay (EHA) and larval development assay (LDA) for detecting anthelmintic resistance in equine strongyles. Resistance to benzimidazoles was demonstrated in 33 of 42 (79%) farms tested by FECRT and in 32 (62......%) of the 52 farms tested by EHA. As the reference strain used was not fully susceptible to benzimidazoles it was not possible to determine the level of resistance by LDA. Pyrantel resistance was indicated on three of 15 farms by faecal egg count reduction. Resistance was also indicated by LDA for one...... of these farms. In addition resistance was indicated by LDA on two more farms that were not tested by FECRT. Further testing is needed to confirm if these findings are truly indicative of resistance. Generally, correlations between the tests were poor and it was not possible to use the outcome of one test...

  16. A randomized comparison of intraoperative PerfecTemp and forced-air warming during open abdominal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, Cameron; Bernstein, Ethan; Reddy, Desigen; Ali, Madi; Paul, James; Yang, Dongsheng; Sessler, Daniel I

    2011-11-01

    The PerfecTemp is an underbody resistive warming system that combines servocontrolled underbody warming with viscoelastic foam pressure relief. Clinical efficacy of the system has yet to be formally evaluated. We therefore tested the hypothesis that intraoperative distal esophageal (core) temperatures with the PerfecTemp (underbody resistive) warming system are noninferior to upper-body forced-air warming in patients undergoing major open abdominal surgery under general anesthesia. Adults scheduled for elective major open abdominal surgery (liver, pancreas, gynecological, and colorectal surgery) under general anesthesia were enrolled at 2 centers. Patients were randomly assigned to underbody resistive or forced-air warming. Resistive heating started when patients were transferred to the operating room table; forced-air warming started after patients were draped. The primary outcome was noninferiority of intraoperative time-weighted average core temperature, adjusted for baseline characteristics and using a buffer of 0.5°C. Thirty-six patients were randomly assigned to underbody resistive heating and 34 to forced-air warming. Baseline and surgical characteristics were generally similar. We had sufficient evidence (P=0.018) to conclude that underbody resistive warming is not worse than (i.e., noninferior to) upper-body forced-air warming in the time-weighted average intraoperative temperature, with a mean difference of -0.12°C [95% confidence interval (CI) -0.37 to 0.14]. Core temperatures at the end of surgery averaged 36.3°C [95% CI 36 to 36.5] in the resistive warming patients and 36.6°C [95% CI 36.4 to 36.8] in those assigned to forced-air warming for a mean difference of -0.34°C [95% CI -0.69 to 0.01]. Mean intraoperative time-weighted average core temperatures were no different, and significantly noninferior, with underbody resistive heating in comparison with upper-body forced-air warming. Underbody resistive heating may be an alternative to forced

  17. A comparison of different dimensionality reduction and feature selection methods for single trial ERP detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lan, Tian; Erdogmus, Deniz; Black, Lois; Van Santen, Jan

    2010-01-01

    Dimensionality reduction and feature selection is an important aspect of electroencephalography based event related potential detection systems such as brain computer interfaces. In our study, a predefined sequence of letters was presented to subjects in a Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) paradigm. EEG data were collected and analyzed offline. A linear discriminant analysis (LDA) classifier was designed as the ERP (Event Related Potential) detector for its simplicity. Different dimensionality reduction and feature selection methods were applied and compared in a greedy wrapper framework. Experimental results showed that PCA with the first 10 principal components for each channel performed best and could be used in both online and offline systems.

  18. Quality of life after breast carcinoma surgery: a comparison of three surgical procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nissen, M J; Swenson, K K; Ritz, L J; Farrell, J B; Sladek, M L; Lally, R M

    2001-04-01

    Because breast-conserving surgery (BCS), mastectomy alone, and mastectomy with reconstruction are equally effective for the treatment of early stage breast carcinoma, women's choice among them often focuses on quality-of-life (QOL) issues. Information regarding QOL after these surgical treatments could help women with this decision. Participants in this prospective study were women, age 30-85 years, with newly diagnosed breast carcinoma who underwent BCS (n = 103), mastectomy alone (n = 55), or mastectomy with reconstruction (n = 40). Quality of life was assessed after diagnosis (baseline) and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after baseline by using the Mischel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, Profile of Mood States, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy for Breast Cancer. In multivariate regression analyses controlling for the QOL score obtained at baseline, age, and type of nonsurgical treatment, women who underwent mastectomy with reconstruction had greater mood disturbance (P = 0.002) and poorer well-being (P = 0.002) after baseline than women who had mastectomy alone; these differences remained 18 months after surgery. Although similar analyses also showed that women who underwent BCS had more mood disturbance than women who had mastectomy alone, this difference was significant only at 12 months after baseline. The BCS and mastectomy-only group did not differ significantly regarding well-being. Aspects of QOL other than body image are not better in women who undergo BCS or mastectomy with reconstruction than in women who have mastectomy alone. In fact, mastectomy with reconstruction is associated with greater mood disturbance and poorer well-being. Copyright 2001 American Cancer Society.

  19. Comparison of two approaches of infraclavicular brachial plexus block for orthopaedic surgery below mid-humerus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Trehan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The brachial plexus in infraclavicular region can be blocked by various approaches. Aim of this study was to compare two approaches (coracoid and clavicular regarding success rate, discomfort during performance of block, tourniquet tolerance and complications. The study was randomised, prospective and observer blinded. Sixty adult patients of both sexes of ASA status 1 and 2 requiring orthopaedic surgery below mid-humerus were randomly assigned to receive nerve stimulator guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block either by lateral coracoid approach (group L, n = 30 or medial clavicular approach (group M, n = 30 with 25-30 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine. Sensory block in the distribution of five main nerves distal to elbow, motor block (Grade 1-4, discomfort during performance of block and tourniquet pain were recorded by a blinded observer. Clinical success of block was defined as the block sufficient to perform the surgery without any supplementation. All the five nerves distal to elbow were blocked in 77 and 67% patients in groups L and M respectively. Successful block was observed in 87 and 73% patients in groups L and M, respectively (P > 0.05. More patients had moderate to severe discomfort during performance of block due to positioning of limb in group M (14 vs. 8 in groups M and L. Tourniquet was well tolerated in most patients with successful block in both groups. No serious complication was observed. Both the approaches were equivalent regarding success rate, tourniquet tolerance and safety. Coracoid approach seemed better as positioning of operative limb was less painful, coracoids process was easy to locate and the technique was easy to learn and master.

  20. Comparison of lysine acetylsalicylate and oxycodone in postoperative pain following upper abdominal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tammisto, T; Tigerstedt, I; Korttila, K

    1980-01-01

    Intravenous lysine acetylsalicylate (LAS) and oxycodone were compared under double-blind conditions for analgesia after upper abdominal surgery in sixty patients anaesthetized by N2O--O2--halothane--relaxant technique. Either 125 mg/10 kg or 250 mg/10 kg LAS or 0.4 mg/10 kg or 0.8 mg/10 kg oxycodone was randomly administered when the patients complained of moderate or severe postoperative pain. When 30 min had elapsed following the injection of the test drug, oxycodone was given in 4 mg increments on demand until adequate pain relief was achieved. At 15 min postdrug, the lower dose of LAS offered significantly less pain relief than all other test drugs. At 30 min, the effect of the higher dose of LAS reached almost the analgesic level of the higher dose of oxycodone but only the latter provided significantly (P less than 0.05) better analgesia than the low dose of LAS. About 50% less additional narcotic supplementation was demanded following higher doses of both drugs when compared to lower ones. LAS 250 mg/10 kg (c. 1.8 g/70 kg) was found approximately equipotent to oxycodone 0.8 mg/10 kg (c. 6 mg/70 kg). However, LAS had a slower onset of action. Sweating seemed to occur more frequently after LAS than oxycodone, but significant changes in respiratory rate or sedation following LAS-oxycodone combinations when compared to oxycodone alone were not noted. The results show that for analgesia after upper abdominal surgery, 1.8 g of LAS may be substituted for about 6 mg of oxycodone.

  1. Comparison of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine with Intranasal Clonidine as a Premedication in Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidhu, Gurkaran Kaur; Jindal, Seema; Kaur, Gurpreet; Singh, Gurpreet; Gupta, Kewal Krishan; Aggarwal, Shobha

    2016-11-01

    To compare effectiveness of intranasal dexmedetomidine and clonidine as anxiolytics and sedatives in pediatric patients undergoing various surgeries. This double blind randomized placebo controlled study was conducted on 105 surgical patients of American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status І-ІІ, aged between 2 and 9 y in a tertiary-care hospital (February 2014 to September 2015). Participants were randomly allocated to three groups to receive either intranasal dexmedetomidine 2 μg/kg (Group І) or intranasal clonidine 3 μg/kg (Group ІІ) or intranasal saline 0.5 ml (Group ІІІ). The primary outcome measure was proportion of patients with satisfactory anxiolysis and sedation at 30 min after drug administration. Secondary outcome measures included time taken to achieve Aldrete score of 9 and number of doses of rescue analgesia required in 12 h after surgery. Satisfactory anxiolysis was achieved by 88.5% in Group І vs. 60% in Group ІІ (p = 0.001) and satisfactory sedation by 57.1% in Group І vs. 25.7% in Group ІІ (p = 0.001) 30 min after premedication. Rescue analgesia requirement was significantly less in Group І as compared to Group ІІ (p = 0.001) while time taken to achieve Aldrete score was comparable between the study groups (p = 0.185). Intranasal dexmedetomidine is a better anxiolytic and sedative as compared to clonidine. Postoperative analgesic requirement was also significantly decreased after intranasal dexmedetomidine. Thus, it can be preferred as compared to clonidine for premedication in pediatric surgical patients.

  2. Comparison of pediatric appendectomy outcomes between pediatric surgeons and general surgery residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizrahi, Ido; Mazeh, Haggi; Levy, Yair; Karavani, Gilad; Ghanem, Muhammad; Armon, Yaron; Vromen, Amos; Eid, Ahmed; Udassin, Raphael

    2013-04-01

    Appendectomy is the most common urgent procedure in children, and surgical outcomes may be affected by the surgeon's experience. This study's aim is to compare appendectomy outcomes performed by pediatric surgeons (PSs) and general surgery residents (GSRs). A retrospective review of all patients younger than 16y treated for appendicitis at two different campuses of the same institution during the years 2008-2009 was performed. Appendectomies were performed by PS in one campus and GSR in the other. Primary end points included postoperative morbidity and hospital length of stay. During the study period, 246 (61%) patients were operated by senior GSR (postgraduate year 5-7) versus 157 (39%) patients by PS. There was no significant difference in patients' characteristics at presentation to the emergency room and the rate of appendeceal perforation (11% versus 15%, P=0.32), and noninfectious appendicitis (5% versus 5% P=0.78) also was similar. Laparoscopic surgery was performed more commonly by GSR (16% versus 9%, P=0.02) with shorter operating time (54±1.5 versus 60±2.1, P=0.01). Interestingly, the emergency room to operating room time was shorter for GSR group (419±14 versus 529±24min, P<0.001). The hospital length of stay was shorter for the GSR group (4.0±0.2 versus 4.5±0.2, P=0.03), and broad-spectrum antibiotics were used less commonly (20% versus 53%, P<0.0001) and so was home antibiotics continuation (13% versus 30%, P<0.0001). Nevertheless, postoperative complication rate was similar (5% versus 7%, P=0.29) and so was the rate of readmissions (2% versus 5%, P=0.52). The results of this study suggest that the presence of a PS does not affect the outcomes of appendectomies. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Hyperbaric spinal ropivacaine in lower limb and hip surgery: A comparison with hyperbaric bupivacaine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dar, Feroz Ahmad; Mushtaq, Mohsin Bin; Khan, Umar Mushtaq

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims: Bupivacaine is more cardiotoxic than ropivacaine. Ropivacaine provides effective spinal anesthesia for lower limb and hip surgeries. This prospective study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of intrathecal hyperbaric ropivacaine with hyperbaric bupivacaine for patients undergoing limb and hip surgeries. Material and Methods: Two hundred patients aged 40-75 years, with American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II of either gender were randomly divided into Group R (Ropivacaine) and Group B (Bupivacaine) to receive an intrathecal injection of 3 ml of hyperbaric ropivacaine 0.5% or 3 ml of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5%, respectively. Onset and duration of sensory blockade were determined using the pinprick method by a three-point scale at T-10 dermatome. Onset and duration of motor block were assessed by modified Bromage scale. Duration of postoperative analgesia, hemodynamic changes, central nervous system and cardiovascular system toxicity or any adverse effects were observed. Results: The mean onset of sensory block (6 ± 1.3 min vs. 3 ± 1.1 min; P < 0.001) and motor block (13 ± 1.6 min vs. 9 ± 1.3 min; P < 0.05) was significantly slower in ropivacaine group as compared to bupivacaine group. The total duration of sensory block was significantly shorter in the ropivacaine group (160 ± 12.9 min) than in the bupivacaine group (260 ± 16.1 min; P < 0.05). The mean duration of motor block was also shorter in the ropivacaine group compared to bupivacaine group (126 ± 9.2 min vs. 174 ± 12.6 min; P < 0.05). Quality of anesthesia was comparable in two groups (P = 0.04). Conclusion: We conclude that hyperbaric bupivacaine used intrathecally has a faster onset of sensory block and prolonged duration of analgesia compared to hyperbaric ropivacaine. PMID:26702202

  4. Is periareolar incision a suitable option for breast surgery? A mathematical comparison between periareolar and inframammary fold approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borgognone A

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Alessandro Borgognone,1 Giulio Gherardini,2 Luigi Gliosci,1 Daniele D’Andria2 1ASL ROMA 2, Division of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Sant’Eugenio Hospital – CTO Hospital, 2Private Practice, Rome, Italy Background: Several incisions have been proposed for the insertion of breast implants, but it is still debated which is the most conservative for the integrity of the prosthesis. There are no reports comparing periareolar and inframammary incisions on a mathematical basis. This study analyzed the efficacy of the two incisions through a detailed comparison based on increasing incision lengths to enable a more directed clinical choice.Materials and methods: An 8-cm scale was plotted, representing either the linear section of an inframammary incision or the diameter of an ideal circumference; the corresponding hemi-circumference was calculated, and the advantage in length of the curvilinear section was determined.Results: The data analysis confirmed a statistically significant increase of 36% in length when a curvilinear section was compared to an inframammary fold incision of the same length as the diameter of the related curvilinear section.Conclusion: A periareolar incision may be a more effective technique to reduce the mechanical stress over cohesive gel breast implants during its insertion. Keywords: periareolar incision, inframammary incision, comparison of mammary incisions, breast implant incisions

  5. A comparison of the results of prospective and retrospective cohort studies in the field of digestive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukai, Tomohiko; Shikata, Satoru; Nakayama, Takeo; Takemura, Yousuke C

    2017-07-01

    We compared the results of prospective and retrospective cohort studies in the field of digestive surgery to clarify whether the results of prospective cohort studies were more similar to those of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We conducted a secondary analysis of the results to compare the results of RCTs with those of cohort studies in meta-analyses of 18 digestive surgical topics. The data from the prospective and retrospective cohort studies were combined. The summary estimates of each design were compared with those of RCTs. We used the Z score to investigate discrepancies. Twenty-nine outcomes of 11 topics were investigated in 289 cohort studies (prospective, n = 69; retrospective, n = 220). These were compared with the outcomes of 123 RCTs. In comparison to retrospective studies, the summary estimates of the prospective cohort studies were more similar to those of the RCTs [19/29 (prospective) vs. 10/29 (retrospective), P = 0.035). Five of the 29 outcomes of prospective studies and 6 of 29 outcomes of retrospective studies (P = 0.99) showed significant discrepancies in comparison to RCTs. In the digestive surgical field, the results of prospective cohort studies tended to be more similar to those of RCTs than retrospective studies; however, there were no significant discrepancies between the two types of cohort study.

  6. Comparisons between various cavity and panel noise reduction control in double-panel structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ho, J.; Kalverboer, J.; Berkhoff, Arthur P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents comparisons between various panel and cavity resonance control methods to reduce the transmitted sound in a double-panel structure. The double-panel, which consists of two panels with air in the gap, has the advantages of low weight and effective transmission-loss at high

  7. Comparison between sucrose, ethanol and methanol as carbon and energy sources for biological sulphate reduction

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Greben, HA

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available , ethanol and methanol as a carbon and energy sources. The presented results indicated that sugar and ethanol were found to be suitable carbon and energy sources resulting in a volumetric and a specific sulphate reduction rate of 10.4 and 4.8 g SO4(l...

  8. Theory Comparison: Uncertainty Reduction, Problematic Integration, Uncertainty Management, and Other Curious Constructs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradac, James J.

    2001-01-01

    Compares three theories examining the role of communication in producing and coping with subjective uncertainty. Notes that uncertainty reduction theory offers axioms and derived theorems that describe communicative and noncommunicative causes and consequences of uncertainty. Compares meanings of "uncertainty" in the three theories as…

  9. A Comparison of Two Weight Reduction Programs for Moderately Retarded Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotatori, Anthony T.; Fox, Robert

    A study of obesity management contrasted the effectiveness for 30 moderately mentally retarded adolescents of a multicomponent behavioral weight reduction program with a more traditional, nutrition based approach. Twelve Ss each were assigned to a behavior therapy (BT) and a social nutrition (SN) group, with the remaining six Ss in a wait-list…

  10. Experimental comparison of biomass chars with other catalysts for tar reduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abu El-Rub, Ziad; Bramer, Eduard A.; Brem, Gerrit

    2008-01-01

    In this paper the potential of using biomass char as a catalyst for tar reduction is discussed. Biomass char is compared with other known catalysts used for tar conversion. Model tar compounds, phenol and naphthalene, were used to test char and other catalysts. Tests were carried out in a fixed bed

  11. Comparison of SHR Mode IPL System with Alexandrite and Nd: YAG Lasers For Leg Hair Reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şemsettin Karaca

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Multiple lasers and light sources are currently available for hair removal and many studies comparing efficacy and safety exist. SHR mode IPL is a technique that gives the total energy in divided doses with fewer side effects. We compared a SHR mode IPL system with alexandrite and Nd: YAG lasers for leg hair reductionMaterial and Methods: Twenty-five female participants with skin types II–IV, underwent treatment of unwanted hair on the cruris. Three selected areas were randomly treated with the SHR mode IPL system, Alexandrite laser and Nd: YAG laser in three sessions. Hair reduction was evaluated with digital photography by a blinded assessor every 6 weeks and 6 months after the last session. Pain severity, side effects and patient satisfaction analysis were also investigated. Results: Twenty-one participants completed the trial. The mean hair reductions in 6 weeks after the last treatment were 50% for the IPL system, 53% for Alexandrite and 39% for the Nd: YAG lasers. However after 6 months; 40%, 49% and 34% hair reduction was observed, respectively. The Alexandrite laser was the least painful system. Conclusion: Although there is no obvious advantage of one laser system over the others in terms of treatment outcome, the Alexandrite laser is still the most efficient and reliable way of hair removal in fair skinned individuals.

  12. Comparison of SHR Mode IPL System with Alexandrite and Nd: YAG Lasers For Leg Hair Reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaca, Semsettin; Kaçar, Seval Doğruk; Ozuğuz, Pınar

    2012-12-01

    Multiple lasers and light sources are currently available for hair removal and many studies comparing efficacy and safety exist. SHR mode IPL is a technique that gives the total energy in divided doses with fewer side effects. We compared a SHR mode IPL system with alexandrite and Nd: YAG lasers for leg hair reduction. Twenty-five female participants with skin types II-IV, underwent treatment of unwanted hair on the cruris. Three selected areas were randomly treated with the SHR mode IPL system, Alexandrite laser and Nd: YAG laser in three sessions. Hair reduction was evaluated with digital photography by a blinded assessor every 6 weeks and 6 months after the last session. Pain severity, side effects and patient satisfaction analysis were also investigated. Twenty-one participants completed the trial. The mean hair reductions in 6 weeks after the last treatment were 50% for the IPL system, 53% for Alexandrite and 39% for the Nd: YAG lasers. However after 6 months; 40%, 49% and 34% hair reduction was observed, respectively. The Alexandrite laser was the least painful system. Although there is no obvious advantage of one laser system over the others in terms of treatment outcome, the Alexandrite laser is still the most efficient and reliable way of hair removal in fair skinned individuals.

  13. A comparison of ketamine versus etomidate for procedural sedation for the reduction of large joint dislocations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salen, Philip; Grossman, Michelle; Grossman, Michael; Milazzo, Anthony; Stoltzfus, Jill

    2016-01-01

    Ketamine and etomidate are used for procedural sedation (PS) to facilitate the performance of painful procedures. We hypothesized that ketamine produces adequate and comparable sedation conditions for dislocated large joint reduction when compared to etomidate and results in fewer adverse events. This Institutional Review Board approved prospective trial compared a convenience sample of subjects, who were randomized to receive either ketamine or etomidate for PS to facilitate reduction of large joint dislocations. Following informed consent, subjects were assigned via a computer-generated algorithm to receive either etomidate (0.1 mg/kg) or ketamine (0.5 mg/kg) intravenously; if PS was not sufficient, subjects received repeat doses of etomidate or ketamine until adequate PS was achieved. The protocol's primary endpoint was a successful reduction of dislocated, large joints. Secondary endpoints included alteration in blood pressure, vomiting, recovery agitation, hypersalivation, laryngospasm, myoclonus, hypoxia, airway assistance with chin lift or jaw thrust, bag-valve-mask ventilation, endotracheal intubation, utilization of additional doses of ketamine or etomidate, and recovery time from sedation. Total enrollment was eighty subjects, 46 in the ketamine cohort and 34 in the etomidate cohort. The two PS groups were comparable in terms of gender, age, and weight. There was no significant difference in the primary endpoint of large joint dislocation reduction between the ketamine and etomidate cohorts (46/46, 100%; 32/34, 94.1%; P - 0.1). Shoulder, hip, and ankle joints account for the majority of joint reductions in this trial. Titration of PS was necessary for almost half of each cohort as evidenced by the utilization of additional dosages of the sedative agents: ketamine (22/46, 47.8%) and etomidate (14/34, 41.2%; P - 0.56). Among secondary outcome variables, significant differences between ketamine and etomidate cohorts were myoclonus (1/46, 2.2%, 15/33, 45

  14. The reduction of plutonium: comparison between hydroquinone and fulvic acid as reducing compound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marquardt, C.M. [Inst. fuer Nukleare Entsorgung (INE), Forschungszentrum Kar lsruhe, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)]. e-mail: Marquardt@ine.fzk.de; Seibert, A. [Europe an Commission, Joint Research Centre, Inst. for Transuranium Elements, D-76125 K arlsruhe (Germany)

    2007-06-15

    In first experiments the reduction sequence of Pu starting with Pu(VI) was studied in presence of hydroquinone (HQ) and fulvic acid (FA) as reducing compounds at various pH values between pH 1 and 7. The Pu species were monitored by UV-Vis spectroscopy and liquid-liquid extraction. Pu(V) and (VI) are not stable in aqueous solutions containing hydroquinone and fulvic acid (FA) at pH 1 to 7. With 200 mg/L FA the reduction of Pu(VI) to Pu(V) is fast and complete after 30 minutes at pH 3. Compared to the reduction reaction at similar concentration of HQ, the FA reduction is slower. We also observed that Pu(VI) is unstable in solutions devoid of FA at pH values > 3, but that the rate is much slower than in presence of FA and HQ. Pu(V) in same solutions is converted to Pu(IV), the most stable oxidation state in aqueous solutions containing FA at pH 3 - 7 (relevant for natural aquifers). Reduction of Pu(IV) to Pu(III) was found only at pH values < 5 for HQ and < 3 for FA. The reactions were also monitored by Eh measurements. The present studies showed that a correlation between Eh values and thermodynamic calculations might be a capable tool for modelling redox reactions between Pu ions and hydroquinone or hydroquinone-like compounds like FA. It cannot be excluded that Pu(III) is more stable in solutions containing organic compounds with lower redox potential than the GoHy-573-FA batch used in the present studies.

  15. Mitomycin C in Filtering Surgery for Primary Congenital Glaucoma: A Comparison of Exposure Durations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayoumi, Nader H

    2018-01-31

    To compare the effect of two exposure durations of mitomycin C in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. This was a prospective study conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at Alexandria Main University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt, on 75 eyes with primary congenital glaucoma that underwent combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with intraoperative mitomycin C application for 1 minute (MMC 1) or 2 minutes (MMC 2) and were followed up for 24 months. Success rates were studied and complications noted. Success was defined by a composite primary end point of an intraocular pressure (IOP) of less than 16 mm Hg under general anesthesia, without any IOP-lowering medications and with no hypotony-related complications and/or lack of IOP-related progression of the disease as evidenced by worsening of the ocular biometric characteristics. The mean age of the study participants was 6.7 ± 4.1 months (range: 2 to 16 months; median: 6 months) in the MMC 1 group (35 eyes) and 7.7 ± 5.7 months (range: 1 to 32 months; median: 6.5 months) in the MMC 2 group (40 eyes). The initial surgery was successful in 32 (91.5%) and 31 (77.5%) eyes in the MMC 1 and MMC 2 groups, respectively. The mean IOP was 18.4 ± 5.1 and 18.1 ± 6.1 mm Hg preoperatively and 5.5 ± 3.5 and 4.8 ± 2.8 mm Hg at the end of follow-up in the MMC 1 and MMC 2 groups, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the clinical parameters between the two groups. Complications included cataracts in each group and hypotony optic disc edema in 3 eyes (7.5%) in the MMC 2 group. Both mitomycin C application durations were effective in combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with mitomycin C for primary congenital glaucoma. The longer duration was not advantageous in disease control and there were no significant differences in complications. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 201X;XX(XX):XX-XX.]. Copyright 2018, SLACK Incorporated.

  16. A comparison of the discrete cosine and wavelet transforms for hydrologic model input data reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Wright

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of input data uncertainty in hydrologic models is of crucial importance in the analysis, diagnosis and detection of model structural errors. Data reduction techniques decrease the dimensionality of input data, thus allowing modern parameter estimation algorithms to more efficiently estimate errors associated with input uncertainty and model structure. The discrete cosine transform (DCT and discrete wavelet transform (DWT are used to reduce the dimensionality of observed rainfall time series for the 438 catchments in the Model Parameter Estimation Experiment (MOPEX data set. The rainfall time signals are then reconstructed and compared to the observed hyetographs using standard simulation performance summary metrics and descriptive statistics. The results convincingly demonstrate that the DWT is superior to the DCT in preserving and characterizing the observed rainfall data records. It is recommended that the DWT be used for model input data reduction in hydrology in preference over the DCT.

  17. A comparison of the discrete cosine and wavelet transforms for hydrologic model input data reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Ashley; Walker, Jeffrey P.; Robertson, David E.; Pauwels, Valentijn R. N.

    2017-07-01

    The treatment of input data uncertainty in hydrologic models is of crucial importance in the analysis, diagnosis and detection of model structural errors. Data reduction techniques decrease the dimensionality of input data, thus allowing modern parameter estimation algorithms to more efficiently estimate errors associated with input uncertainty and model structure. The discrete cosine transform (DCT) and discrete wavelet transform (DWT) are used to reduce the dimensionality of observed rainfall time series for the 438 catchments in the Model Parameter Estimation Experiment (MOPEX) data set. The rainfall time signals are then reconstructed and compared to the observed hyetographs using standard simulation performance summary metrics and descriptive statistics. The results convincingly demonstrate that the DWT is superior to the DCT in preserving and characterizing the observed rainfall data records. It is recommended that the DWT be used for model input data reduction in hydrology in preference over the DCT.

  18. Investigation and comparison of the effect of two mouthrinses, Plax and Irsha on dental plaque reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Saghazadeh M; Navidi AO

    2007-01-01

    Background and Aim: Although toothbrushing is still the most effective method in plaque reduction, it is insufficient for total plaque removal. Considering this limitation, it is suggested that toothbrushing could be aided by chemical methods. For this purpose, it is advised to use some kind of mouthrinses before toothbrushing to increase the rate of microbial plaque removal. Several prebrushing mouthrinses are available in the market and comparing their efficiency is valuable for dentists. T...

  19. Comparison of Alternative Hydrogen Donors for Anaerobic Reductive Dechlorination of Tetrachloroethene

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    0.00396 [127] (to propionate) Veillonella alcalescens 30 0.00774 [252] (to propionate) Propionibacterium 30 0.00729 [253] freudenreichii 0.00918 (to...enzymes for reductive dechlorination of PCE. Vitamin B12 (containing Co), and coenzyme F4 30 (containing Ni) catalyzed the dechlorination of PCE to ETH...examined the use of vitamin B12 in aqueous and immobilized forms and reported dechlorination of PCE and TCE to cis-1,2- DCE, ETH, acetylene; smaller amounts

  20. A comparison of ketamine versus etomidate for procedural sedation for the reduction of large joint dislocations

    OpenAIRE

    Salen, Philip; Grossman, Michelle; Grossman, Michael; Milazzo, Anthony; Stoltzfus, Jill

    2016-01-01

    Study Objectives: Ketamine and etomidate are used for procedural sedation (PS) to facilitate the performance of painful procedures. We hypothesized that ketamine produces adequate and comparable sedation conditions for dislocated large joint reduction when compared to etomidate and results in fewer adverse events. Methods: This Institutional Review Board approved prospective trial compared a convenience sample of subjects, who were randomized to receive either ketamine or etomidate for PS to ...

  1. The JCMT Gould Belt Survey: a quantitative comparison between SCUBA-2 data reduction methods

    OpenAIRE

    Mairs, S.; Johnstone, D.; Kirk, H; Graves, S.; Buckle, J.; Beaulieu, S. F.; Berry, D. S.; Broekhoven-Fiene, H.; Currie, M. J.; Fich, M.; Hatchell, J.; Jenness, T.; Mottram, J. C.; Nutter, D.; Pattle, K.

    2015-01-01

    Performing ground-based submillimetre observations is a difficult task as the measurements are subject to absorption and emission from water vapour in the Earth's atmosphere and time variation in weather and instrument stability. Removing these features and other artefacts from the data is a vital process which affects the characteristics of the recovered astronomical structure we seek to study. In this paper, we explore two data reduction methods for data taken with the Submillimetre Common-...

  2. Comparison of SHR Mode IPL System with Alexandrite and Nd: YAG Lasers For Leg Hair Reduction

    OpenAIRE

    KARACA, Şemsettin; Kaçar, Seval Doğruk; Ozuğuz, Pınar

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Multiple lasers and light sources are currently available for hair removal and many studies comparing efficacy and safety exist. SHR mode IPL is a technique that gives the total energy in divided doses with fewer side effects. We compared a SHR mode IPL system with alexandrite and Nd: YAG lasers for leg hair reduction Material and Methods: Twenty-five female participants with skin types II–IV, underwent treatment of unwanted hair on the cruris. Three selecte...

  3. Comparison of SHR Mode IPL System with Alexandrite and Nd: YAG Lasers For Leg Hair Reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Şemsettin Karaca; Seval Doğruk Kaçar; Pınar Ozuğuz

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Multiple lasers and light sources are currently available for hair removal and many studies comparing efficacy and safety exist. SHR mode IPL is a technique that gives the total energy in divided doses with fewer side effects. We compared a SHR mode IPL system with alexandrite and Nd: YAG lasers for leg hair reduction Material and Methods: Twenty-five female participants with skin types II&ndash;IV, underwent treatment of unwanted hair on the cruris. Three selec...

  4. Comparison of Chlorinated Ethenes DNAPL Reductive Dechlorination by Indigenous and Evanite culture with Surfactant Tween-80

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, S.; Hong, S.; Kim, R.; Kim, N.; Ahn, H.; Lee, S.; Kim, Y.

    2010-12-01

    Although many innovative technologies have been developed to enhance remediation of chlorinated ethenes(e.g. tetrachloroethene[PCE], trichloroethene[TCE])DNAPL source zones, they have been ineffective in reducing contaminant concentration to regulatory end points. Thus, combination of surfactant flushing process that removes significant contaminant mass with microbial reductive dechlorination, posttreatment "polishing step" to control the remaining DNAPL that may serve as a source of reducing equivalents and stimulate the dechlorinating bacterial communities may be an attractive remediation process alternatively. Microcosm studies were conducted to explore chlorinated ethenes, PCE/TCE of 3 ~ 30 mg/L dechlorination by indigenous microbial communities from TCE DNAPL source zones of Korea and Evanite culture in the presence of Tween-80 of 10 ~ 5,000 mg/L. In the microcosms for indigenous microbial communities, by-products(e.g. c-DCE, vinyl chloride) of reductive dechlorination of PCE/TCE were not detected. This results suggest dechlorinating bacteria might be not exist or high concentration of chlorinated ethenes inhibit activity of dechlorinating bacteria in indigenous microbial communities. But VFAs like acetate, methane and hydrogen gas from fermentation of Tween-80 were detected. So Tween-80 might estimated to serve as a source of reducing equivalents. To evaluate the dechlorinating ability of Evanite-culture, we added Evanite-culture to the microcosms for indigenous bacteria and monitored by-products of reductive dechlorination of PCE/TCE and VFAs and hydrogen gas.

  5. Comparison of suction device with saliva ejector for aerosol and spatter reduction during ultrasonic scaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holloman, Jessica L; Mauriello, Sally M; Pimenta, Luiz; Arnold, Roland R

    2015-01-01

    Aerosols and spatter are concerns in health care owing to their potential adverse health effects. The Isolite illuminated isolation system (Isolite Systems) and a saliva ejector were compared for aerosol and spatter reduction during and after ultrasonic scaling. Fifty participants were randomized to control (n = 25, saliva ejector) or test (n = 25, Isolite) groups and received a prophylaxis with an ultrasonic scaler. Aerosols were collected in a petri dish containing transport media, dispersed, and plated to anaerobic blood agar to determine colony-forming units (CFUs). The authors analyzed the data using a t test. No significant difference occurred between groups in aerosol and spatter reduction (P = .25). Mean (standard deviation) of log10 CFUs per milliliter collected during ultrasonic scaling in the control and test groups were 3.61 (0.95) and 3.30 (0.88), respectively. All samples contained α-hemolytic streptococci, and many samples contained strictly oral anaerobes. A significant amount of contamination occurred during ultrasonic scaling in both groups, as indicated by high numbers of CFUs and the identification of strictly oral anaerobes in all plates. Neither device reduced aerosols and spatter effectively, and there was no significant difference in reduction between the 2 devices. Additional measures should be taken with these devices to reduce the likelihood of disease transmission. Copyright © 2015 American Dental Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Prospective comparison of single port versus conventional laparoscopic surgery for ectopic pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Min Kyung; Kim, Jeong Jin; Choi, Joong Sub; Eom, Jeong Min; Lee, Jung Hun

    2015-04-01

    To investigate the feasibility and safety of single port laparoscopic surgery (SP-LS) for ectopic pregnancy, irrespective of type of ectopic pregnancy and hemodynamic stability. A prospective case-control study of 106 women who underwent SP-LS or conventional LS for a suspected ectopic pregnancy was performed at a university teaching hospital from January 2009 to March 2012. Twenty-six women underwent SP-LS (SP-LS group) and 80 women underwent conventional LS (conventional LS group). There were no statistical differences between the groups in terms of demographic characteristics, operating time, hemoglobin change, return of bowel activity, hospital stay or complication rate. There were no cases of additional trocar use or conversion to laparotomy. Of five women with heterotopic pregnancy, one underwent SP-LS, and three underwent conventional LS for tubal pregnancy, which all resulted in vaginal delivery without obstetric complication; one woman received SP-LS for cornual pregnancy and had an ongoing pregnancy. SP-LS for ectopic pregnancy is feasible and safe regardless of the type of ectopic pregnancy and hemodynamic stability. However, further work is needed to confirm this conclusion and to demonstrate any advantage of SP-LS for ectopic pregnancy. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2014 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  7. Comparison of two doses of aprotinin in patients receiving aspirin before coronary bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, S V; Lema, G; Medel, J; Irarrazaval, M J; Zalaquett, R; Garayar, B; Flaskamp, R

    2000-03-01

    This study was designed to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of two different doses of aprotinin in patients receiving aspirin before undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Forty-two patients were randomized to receive either placebo (group I), or aprotinin in doses of 4,000,000 KIU (group II) or 6,000,000 KIU (group III). Drug efficacy was determined by measuring postoperative blood loss and transfusion of blood products. Both doses were effective in reducing blood loss and transfusion requirements. Blood loss through thoracotomy drainage was 450 +/- 224, 182 +/- 144, 142 +/- 98 ml, respectively, for control and treatment groups II and III (p = 0.0001). The numbers of patients with blood transfusions were seven (50%), two (17%) and two (17%) for group I and treatment groups II and III, respectively (p = 0.10). Tolerability was excellent and complications few and reversible. In conclusion, high and medium doses of aprotinin were well tolerated and reduced bleeding and transfusion requirements in patients submitted to coronary bypass surgery under the effects of aspirin.

  8. Comparison of an Imaging Software and Manual Prediction of Soft Tissue Changes after Orthognathic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Ahmad Akhoundi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Accurate prediction of the surgical outcome is important in treating dentofacial deformities. Visualized treatment objectives usually involve manual surgical simulation based on tracing of cephalometric radiographs. Recent technical advancements have led to the use of computer assisted imaging systems in treatment planning for orthognathic surgical cases. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the ability and reliability of digitization using Dolphin Imaging Software with traditional manual techniques and to compare orthognathic prediction with actual outcomes.Materials and Methods: Forty patients consisting of 35 women and 5 men (32 class III and 8 class II with no previous surgery were evaluated by manual tracing and indirect digitization using Dolphin Imaging Software. Reliability of each method was assessed then the two techniques were compared using paired t test.Result: The nasal tip presented the least predicted error and higher reliability. The least accurate regions in vertical plane were subnasal and upper lip, and subnasal and pogonion in horizontal plane. There were no statistically significant differences between the predictions of groups with and without genioplasty.Conclusion: Computer-generated image prediction was suitable for patient education and communication. However, efforts are still needed to improve accuracy and reliability of the prediction program and to include changes in soft tissue tension and muscle strain.

  9. Physicochemical Characteristics of Bone Substitutes Used in Oral Surgery in Comparison to Autogenous Bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Berberi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bone substitutes used in oral surgery include allografts, xenografts, and synthetic materials that are frequently used to compensate bone loss or to reinforce repaired bone, but little is currently known about their physicochemical characteristics. The aim of this study was to evaluate a number of physical and chemical properties in a variety of granulated mineral-based biomaterials used in dentistry and to compare them with those of autogenous bone. Autogenous bone and eight commercial biomaterials of human, bovine, and synthetic origins were studied by high-resolution X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption spectrometry, and laser diffraction to determine their chemical composition, calcium release concentration, crystallinity, and granulation size. The highest calcium release concentration was 24. 94 mg/g for Puros and the lowest one was 2.83 mg/g for Ingenios β-TCP compared to 20.15 mg/g for natural bone. The range of particles sizes, in terms of median size D50, varied between 1.32 μm for BioOss and 902.41 μm for OsteoSponge, compared to 282.1 μm for natural bone. All samples displayed a similar hexagonal shape as bone, except Ingenios β-TCP, Macrobone, and OsteoSponge, which showed rhomboid and triclinic shapes, respectively. Commercial bone substitutes significantly differ in terms of calcium concentration, particle size, and crystallinity, which may affect their in vivo performance.

  10. Comparison of proseal laryngeal mask and endotracheal tube for airway safety in pediatric strabismus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gul, Rauf; Goksu, Sitki; Ugur, Berna K; Sahin, Levent; Koruk, Senem; Okumus, Seydi; Erbagci, Ibrahim

    2012-04-01

    To compare proseal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) with an endotracheal tube (ET) for airway safety, maintained ease of insertion, and hemodynamic stability in pediatric strabismus surgery (PSS). This prospective-randomized clinical study was carried out in the Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Turkey between April 2008 and July 2009. Eighty American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) I-II children, weight 10-30 kg, aged between 1-12 years undergoing PSS were selected. The anesthesia was induced with 8% sevoflurane, 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen mixture, and a neuromuscular blockade with 0.5 mg/kg atracurium in both groups. After a sufficient dosage of anesthesia, the patients were randomized into 2 groups (Group P: PLMA, n= 40, Group T: ET, n=40) and an airway management device; either a PLMA or ET was inserted. The number of placement attempts, placement success or failure, success or failure of a gastric suction tube placement during the procedures and perioperative complications were assessed. Thirty-eight patients (95%) in the PLMA group, 39 (97.5%) patients in the ET group were successfully placed with a PLMA and ET on the first attempt (p>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the hemodynamic parameters, end-tidal carbon dioxide, and complications. This study revealed that PLMA may offer an alternative airway to ET wherein positive pressure ventilation was the preferred choice for children undergoing PSS.

  11. Comparison of surgically induced astigmatism in various incisions in manual small incision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidhi Jauhari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To determine the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA in Straight, Frown and Inverted V shape (Chevron incisions in manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS.METHODS:A prospective cross sectional study was done on a total of 75 patients aged 40y and above with senile cataract. The patients were randomly divided into three groups (25 each. Each group received a particular type of incision (Straight, Frown or Inverted V shape incisions. Manual SICS with intraocular lens (IOL implantation was performed. The patients were compared 4wk post operatively for uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA and SIA. All calculations were performed using the SIA calculator version 2.1, a free software program. The study was analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 statistical analysis software.RESULTS:The study found that 89.5% of patients in Straight incision group, 94.2% in Frown incision group and 95.7% in Inverted V group attained BCVA post-operatively in the range of 6/6 to 6/18. Mean SIA was minimum (-0.88±0.61D×90 degrees with Inverted V incision which was statistically significant.CONCLUSION:Inverted V (Chevron incision gives minimal SIA.

  12. Comparison of three facebow/semi-adjustable articulator systems for planning orthognathic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Malley, A M; Milosevic, A

    2000-06-01

    Our aim was to measure the steepness of the occlusal plane produced by three different semi-adjustable articulators: the Dentatus Type ARL, Denar MkII, and the Whipmix Quickmount 8800, and to assess the influence of possible systematic errors in positioning of study casts on articulators that are used to plan orthognathic surgery. Twenty patients (10 skeletal class II, and 10 skeletal class III) who were having pre-surgical orthodontics at Liverpool University Dental Hospital were studied. The measurement of the steepness of the occlusal plane was taken as the angle between the facebow bite-fork and the horizontal arm of the articulator. This was compared with the angle of the maxillary occlusal plane to the Frankfort plane as measured on lateral cephalometry (the gold standard). The Whipmix was closest to the gold standard as it flattened the occlusal plane by only 2 degrees (P<0.05). The results of the Denar and Dentatus differed significantly from those of the cephalogram as they flattened the occlusal plane by 5 degrees and 6. 5 degrees (P<0.01), respectively. Clinicians are encouraged to verify the steepness of the occlusal plane on mounted study casts before the technician makes the model. Copyright 2000 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

  13. The registration of surgical site infections: a comparison of two different methods in vascular surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donker, Jeroen M W; Kluytmans, Jan A J W; Veen, Eelco J; Ho, Gwan H; Hendriks, Yvonne J A M; van der Laan, Lijckle

    2013-08-01

    Registration of complications of treatment is an important instrument for measuring the quality of health care. Reliable registration depends on definitions, the case-finding method that is used, and the registration method itself. We conducted a comparative study of two different methods of registration for the surveillance of surgical site infections (SSIs) in a single hospital. The study included all patients in both the surgical database and the microbiology and infection-prevention database of the hospital who underwent surgery on the abdominal aorta or peripheral vascular procedures from March 1, 2009 to March 1, 2010. The surgical database included positive scores for SSI in cases of positive wound swabs, the need for incision drainage, or the need for antibiotic treatment. The microbiology and infection-prevention database used criteria from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and based positive scores on redness, heat, swelling, or pain in the area of a surgical incision within 30 d after a procedure, and on a positive swab, drainage from an incision, or the presence of pus following a diagnostic puncture. The surgical complication database included 218 patients, of whom 20 (9.2%) had a SSI. The microbiology and infection-prevention database included 236 patients, of whom 33 (14%) had a SSI. The databases were merged and all infections were ascertained by an expert team. The surgical database had a sensitivity of 57% for SSIs, whereas the microbiology and infection-prevention database had a sensitivity of 93% (pcare.

  14. Comparison of mammographic image quality in various methods of reconstructive breast surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindbichler, F. [University Hospital, Graz (Austria). Dept. of Radiology; Hoflehner, H. [University Hospital, Graz (Austria). Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; Schmidt, F. [University Hospital, Graz (Austria). Dept. of Radiology; Pierer, G.R. [University Hospital, Graz (Austria). Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; Raith, J. [University Hospital, Graz (Austria). Dept. of Radiology; Umschaden, J. [University Hospital, Graz (Austria). Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; Preidler, K.W. [University Hospital, Graz (Austria). Dept. of Radiology

    1996-12-01

    The purpose of our study was to evaluate mammographic image quality of various methods of reconstructive breast surgery with specific reference to the possibility of diagnosis of recurrent tumors. A total of 39 patients who underwent breast reconstruction following modified radical mastectomy were subject to clinical and mammographic examination. Three groups were formed: (a) autonomous tissue reconstruction (TRAM-flap; n=9), (b) submuscular silicon gel prostheses (n=21), and (c) supramuscular silicon gel prostheses (n=9). Mammographic images quality of the groups was compared by two radiologists working together using a point system where five specific criteria were valued and scored. The result was tabulated into three quality levels: good, acceptable, and limited. Mammograms were assessed as good, acceptable, or limited, respectively, as follows: group I: 7 (77.8%), 1 (11.1%), 1 (11.1%); group II; 4 (19%), 11 (52.4%), 6 (28.6%); group III: 3 (33.3%), 4 (44.5%), 2 (22.2%). The TRAM-flap method of reconstruction displays a high degree of mammographic image quality and therefore is preferable with respect to early diagnosis of recurrent tumors. (orig.)

  15. Comparison of mammographic image quality in various methods of reconstructive breast surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindbichler, F; Hoflehner, H; Schmidt, F; Pierer, G R; Raith, J; Umschaden, J; Preidler, K W

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of our study was to evaluate mammographic image quality of various methods of reconstructive breast surgery with specific reference to the possibility of diagnosis of recurrent tumors. A total of 39 patients who underwent breast reconstruction following modified radical mastectomy were subject to clinical and mammographic examination. Three groups were formed: (a) autonomous tissue reconstruction (TRAM-flap; n = 9), (b) submuscular silicon gel prostheses (n = 21), and (c) supramuscular silicon gel prostheses (n = 9). Mammographic image quality of the groups was compared by two radiologists working together using a point system where five specific criteria were valued and scored. The result was tabulated into three quality levels: good, acceptable, and limited. Mammograms were assessed as good, acceptable, or limited, respectively, as follows: group I: 7 (77.8%), 1 (11.1%), 1 (11.1%); group II: 4 (19%), 11 (52.4%), 6 (28.6%); group III: 3 (33.3%), 4 (44.5%), 2 (22.2%). The TRAM-flap method of reconstruction displays a high degree of mammographic image quality and therefore is preferable with respect to early diagnosis of recurrent tumors.

  16. Comparison of Anesthesia Quality for Arthroscopic Knee Surgery: Combined Sciatic Femoral Block and Unilateral Spinal Anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinem Sarı

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We aimed to evaluate the quality of anesthesia of combined sciatic and femoral 3-in-1 nerve blocks (CSFB and unilateral spinal anesthesia technique with low-dose levobupivacaine in outpatients undergoing knee arthroscopy surgery. Materials and Methods: Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA physical status I-II patients were randomly allocated into two groups and unilateral spinal anesthesia with low-dose levobupivacaine (group S, n=20 or CSFB (group B, n=20 was performed. Besides the quality of anesthesia, anesthetic effectiveness, hemodynamic values, duration of the technique application, maximum motor and sensorial block levels and durations, the first analgesics need, and total analgesic consumptions during postoperative 24 hours and determined complications were compared between the two groups. Results: The quality of anesthesia was better in group S, no patient received either sedation or analgesic intraoperatively while first analgesic need and number of patient was higher (p=0.014, p<0.001, p=0.032 respectively. The duration of technical application was shorter while maximum motor and sensorial block levels were higher in group S (p<0.0001, p=0.008, p<0.001 respectively. Motor block duration was significantly longer in group B (p<0.0001. Conclusion: We concluded that CSFB practice is an effective anesthetic alternative for unilateral spinal anesthesia. Introduction

  17. Effect of glaucoma implant surgery on intraocular pressure reduction, flare count, anterior chamber depth, and corneal endothelium in primary open-angle glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishida, Kyoko; Moroto, Naoya; Murata, Kazuhiro; Yamamoto, Tetsuya

    2017-07-01

    To evaluate the effect of filtering surgery using the EX-PRESS device on intraocular pressure (IOP), flare count, anterior chamber (AC) depth, and the corneal endothelium in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), including normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). The study comprised 63 consecutive patients with POAG or NTG. They underwent complete ophthalmologic examinations, including measurement of visual acuity (VA), IOP, flare count, AC depth, and cell density of the corneal endothelium (CE). Two outcomes were used for surgical success: outcome 1 was defined as a ≥20% reduction in the IOP from the preoperative value, with an IOP ≥ 5 mmHg but ≤18 mmHg, and outcome 2 was defined as a ≥20% reduction in the IOP, with an IOP ≥ 5 mmHg but ≤15 mmHg. The IOP significantly decreased from 17.7 preoperatively to 12.4 mmHg postoperatively (P device includes reduced inflammation, and the disadvantages include loss of the CE and reduced effectiveness of NTG.

  18. Comparison of the influence of ozone and laser therapies on pain, swelling, and trismus following impacted third-molar surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazancioglu, Hakki Oguz; Ezirganli, Seref; Demirtas, Nihat

    2014-07-01

    This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the ozone and laser application in the management of pain, swelling, and trismus after third-molar surgery. Sixty consecutive patients with asymptomatic impacted mandibular third molars were recruited into the study. Patients were randomized into three treatment groups of 20 patients each: two study groups (group 1 = low-level laser therapy (LLLT), group 2 = ozone therapy) and a control group (no-LLLT or ozone therapy). Twenty teeth extractions were performed in each group. Evaluations of postoperative pain, the number of analgesics tablets taken, trismus, swelling, and quality of life (Oral Health Impact Profile-14 questionnaire) were made. The sample consisted of 28 female and 32 male patients, whose total mean age was 23.5 ± 3.4 (range, 18-25) years. The pain level and the number of analgesics tablets taken were lower in the ozonated and LLLT applied groups than in the control group. This study showed that ozone and low power laser therapies had a positive effect on the patients' quality of life. Trismus in the LLLT group was significantly less than in the ozonated and control groups (p = 0.033). Ozone application showed no superiority in regards of postoperative swelling; however, LLLT group had significantly lower postoperative swelling. This study demonstrates that ozone and laser therapies are useful for the reduction of postoperative pain and they increase quality of life after third-molar surgery. Although the ozone therapy had no effect on postoperative swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted lower third molars, LLLT had a positive effect.

  19. Quasi-prospective, real-life monitoring of food craving post-bariatric surgery: comparison with overweight and normal weight women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guthrie, H; Tetley, D; Hill, A J

    2014-06-01

    Food cravings are common post-bariatric surgery, suggested as predictors of relapse and weight regain, but relatively unstudied, especially in the longer term. The present study investigated the frequency and nature of food craving experiences after gastric surgery in comparison with non-surgical control participants. Participants were 21 women, 4-38 months post-surgery (mean age = 44 years, 9 following gastric banding, 12 after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass), and two comparison samples of 39 overweight dieters and 33 normal weight non-dieters. They completed a food craving record after every food craving, a daily mood assessment and a food diary over a 7-day period. Over the 299 craving episodes, savoury foods were the most commonly craved (40% of craving events), followed by chocolate (31%). Post-bariatric patients reported more and stronger cravings than normal weight non-dieters but at a similar frequency and strength to overweight dieters. Neither hunger nor negative mood distinguished the food cravings of post-bariatric patients from those of comparison participants, nor did the proportion that led to eating (58%). Food cravings should be anticipated post-bariatric surgery but no more so at 12 months post-surgery than by other overweight or obese individuals. Food cravings are not the product of extreme hunger nor do they have the connection with negative mood seen in disordered eating. In addition, the ability to fulfil cravings by eating the craved food is reduced by the surgery itself, although the duration of surgical restraint is uncertain. © 2014 The Authors. Clinical Obesity © 2014 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

  20. Comparison of propofol based anaesthesia to conventional inhalational general anaesthesia for spine surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L D Mishra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Often conventional Inhalational agents are used for maintenance of anaesthesia in spine surgery. This study was undertaken to compare propofol with isoflurane anaesthesia with regard to haemodynamic stability, early emergence, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV and early assessment of neurological functions. Patients & Methods: Eighty ASA grade I &II adult patients were randomly allocated into two groups. Patients in study group received inj propofol for induction as well as for maintenance along with N 2O+O2 and the control group patients received inj thiopentone for induction and N 2 O+O 2 +isoflurane for maintenance. BIS monitoring was used for titrating the anaesthetic dose adjustments in all patients. All patients received fentanyl boluses for intraoperative analgesia and atracurium as muscle relaxant. Statistical data containing haemodynamic parameters, PONV, emergence time, dose of drug consumed & quality of surgical field were recorded and compared using student t′ test and Chi square test. Results: The haemodynamic stability was coparable in both the groups. The quality of surgical field were better in study group. Though there was no significant difference in the recovery profile (8.3% Vs 9.02% between both the groups, the postoperative nausea and vomiting was less in propofol group than isoflurane group (25%Vs60%. The anaesthesia cost was nearly double for propofol than isoflurane anaesthesia. Conclusion: Haemodynamic stability was comparable in both the groups. There was no significant difference in the recovery time between intravenous and inhalational group. Patients in propofol group were clear headed at awakening and were better oriented to place than inhalational group.

  1. A Comparison of Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for Management of Renal Stones ?2 CM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Sercan; Ozok, Hakki Ugur; Cakici, Mehmet Caglar; Ozdemir, Harun; Bas, Okan; Karakoyunlu, Nihat; Sagnak, Levent; Senturk, Aykut Bugra; Ersoy, Hamit

    2017-01-18

    In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare the outcomes in patients who have been treated withpercutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) on renal stones ≥ 2 cm size. We evaluated patients who underwent PNL or RIRS for renal stones ≥ 2 cm size betweenNovember 2011 and November 2014. Stone size, operation, fluoroscopy and hospitalization time, success rates,stone-free rates and complication rates were compared in both groups. Patients were followed for three months. 254 patients were in the PNL Group. 185 patients were in the RIRS Group. The mean age was 46.88 and48.04 years in PNL and RIRS groups, respectively.The patient and stone characteristics (age, gender, Body Mass Index, kidney anomaly, SWL history and stoneradioopacity) were similar between two groups.The mean stone size preoperatively was significantly larger in patients who were treated with PNL (26.33mm.vs24.04mm.; P = .006). In the RIRS group, the mean stone number was significantly higher than PNL group (P <.001).The mean operative, fluoroscopy and hospitalization time were significantly higher in PNL group (P < .001). Thestone-free rate was 93.3% for the PNL group and 73.5% for the RIRS group after first procedure (P < .001). Nomajor complication (Clavien III-V) occurred in the RIRS group. Although the primary treatment method for renal stones ≥ 2cm size is PNL, serious complicationscan be seen. Therefore, RIRS can be an alternative treatment option in the management of renal stones ≥2 cm size.

  2. Comparison between Conventional and Ultrasound-Guided Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Upper Limb Surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honnannavar, Kiran Abhayakumar; Mudakanagoudar, Mahantesh Shivangouda

    2017-01-01

    Brachial plexus blockade is a time-tested technique for upper limb surgeries. The classical approach using paresthesia technique is a blind technique and may be associated with a higher failure rate and injury to the nerves and surrounding structures. To avoid some of these problems, use of peripheral nerve stimulator and ultrasound techniques were started which allowed better localization of the nerve/plexus. Ultrasound for supraclavicular brachial plexus block has improved the success rate of the block with excellent localization as well as improved safety margin. Hence, this study was planned for comparing the efficacy of conventional supraclavicular brachial plexus block with ultrasound-guided technique. After obtaining the Institutional ethical committee approval and patient consent total of 60 patients were enrolled in this prospective randomized study and were randomly divided into two groups: US (Group US) and C (Group C). Both groups received 0.5% bupivacaine. The amount of local anesthetic injected calculated according to the body weight and was not crossing the toxic dosage (injection bupivacaine 2 mg/kg). The parameters compared between the two groups were lock execution time, time of onset of sensory and motor block, quality of sensory and motor block success rates were noted. The failed blocks were supplemented with general anesthesia. Demographic data were comparable in both groups. The mean time taken for the procedure to administer a block by eliciting paresthesia is less compared to ultrasound, and it was statistically significant. The mean time of onset of motor block, sensory blockade, the duration of sensory and motor blockade was not statistically significant. The success rate of the block is more in ultrasound group than conventional group which was not clinically significant. The incidence of complications was seen more in conventional method. Ultrasound guidance is the safe and effective method for the supraclavicular brachial plexus block

  3. Four different diode lasers comparison on soft tissues surgery: a preliminary ex vivo study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merigo, Elisabetta; Sozzi, Michele; Rocca, Jean-Paul; Poli, Federica; Selleri, Stefano; Cucinotta, Annamaria

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The introduction of diode lasers in dentistry had several advantages, principally consisting on the reduced size, reduced cost and possibility to beam delivering by optical fibbers. Up today only the wavelengths around 810 and 980 nm were the most utilized in oral surgery but recently more different lasers had been proposed. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of four diode laser wavelengths (810, 980, 1470 and 1950 nm) for the ablation of soft tissues. Material and methods: Specimens were surgically collected from the dorsal surface of four bovine tongues and irradiated by four different diode wavelengths. Thermal increase was measured by two thermocouples, the first at a depth of 0.5 mm, and the second at a depth of 2 mm. Initial and final surface temperatures were recorded by IR thermometer. Epithelial changes, connective tissue modifications, presence of vascular modification and incision morphology were histologically evaluated by two blind pathologists. Results: The time necessary to perform the excision varied between 271 seconds (808 nm, 2W) and 112 seconds (1950 nm, 4W). Temperature increase superficial level varied from 16.3° (980 nm, 4W) and 9.2° (1950 nm, 2 W). The most significant deep temperature increase was recorded by 980 nm, 4 W (17.3°) and the lowest by 1950 nm, 2 W (9.7°). The width of epithelial tissue injuries varied between 74 pm from 1950 nm diode laser at 2 W to 540 pm for 1470 nm diode laser at 4 W. Conclusion: The quality of incision was better and the width of overall tissue injuries was minor in the specimens obtained with higher wavelength (1950 nm) at lower power (2W). PMID:27721562

  4. Comparison of open and minimally invasive surgery for intradural-extramedullary spine tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Albert P; Lall, Rishi R; Dahdaleh, Nader S; Lawton, Cort D; Smith, Zachary A; Wong, Ricky H; Harvey, Michael J; Lam, Sandi; Koski, Tyler R; Fessler, Richard G

    2015-08-01

    OBJECT Patients with symptomatic intradural-extramedullary (ID-EM) tumors may be successfully treated with resection of the lesion and decompression of associated neural structures. Studies of patients undergoing open resection of these tumors have reported high rates of gross-total resection (GTR) with minimal long-term neurological deficit. Case reports and small case series have suggested that these patients may be successfully treated with minimally invasive surgery (MIS). These studies have been limited by small patient populations. Moreover, there are no studies directly comparing perioperative outcomes between patients treated with open resection and MIS. The objective of this study was to compare perioperative outcomes in patients with ID-EM tumors treated using open resection or MIS. METHODS A retrospective review was performed using data collected from 45 consecutive patients treated by open resection or MIS for ID-EM spine tumors. These patients were treated over a 9-year period between April 2003 and October 2012 at Northwestern University and the University of Chicago. Statistical analysis was performed to compare perioperative outcomes between the two groups. RESULTS Of the 45 patients in the study, 27 were treated with the MIS approach and 18 were treated with the open approach. Operative time was similar between the two groups: 256.3 minutes in the MIS group versus 241.1 minutes in the open group (p = 0.55). Estimated blood loss was significantly lower in the MIS group (133.7 ml) compared with the open group (558.8 ml) (p spine tumors (OR 15, p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Thoracolumbar ID-EM tumors may be safely and effectively treated with either the open approach or an MIS approach, with an equivalent rate of GTR, perioperative complication rate, and operative time. Patients treated with an MIS approach may benefit from a decrease in operative blood loss and shorter hospital stays.

  5. National practice patterns and outcomes of pediatric nephrectomy: comparison between urology and general surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suson, Kristina D; Wolfe-Christensen, Cortney; Elder, Jack S; Lakshmanan, Yegappan

    2015-05-01

    In adults nephrectomy is under the purview of urologists, but pediatric urologists and pediatric general surgeons perform extirpative renal surgery in children. We compared the contemporary performance and outcome of all-cause nephrectomy at pediatric hospitals as performed by pediatric urologists and pediatric general surgeons. We queried the Pediatric Health Information System to identify patients 0 to 18 years old who were treated with nephrectomy between 2004 and 2013 by pediatric urologists and pediatric general surgeons. Data points included age, gender, severity level, mortality risk, complications and length of stay. Patients were compared by APR DRG codes 442 (kidney and urinary tract procedures for malignancy) and 443 (kidney and urinary tract procedures for nonmalignancy). Pediatric urologists performed more all-cause nephrectomies. While pediatric urologists were more likely to operate on patients with benign renal disease, pediatric general surgeons were more likely to operate on children with malignancy. Patients on whom pediatric general surgeons operated had a higher average severity level and were at greater risk for mortality. After controlling for differences patients without malignancy operated on by pediatric urologists had a shorter length of stay, and fewer medical and surgical complications. There was no difference in length of stay, or medical or surgical complications in patients with malignancy. Overall compared to pediatric general surgeons more nephrectomies are performed by pediatric urologists. Short-term outcomes, including length of stay and complication rates, appear better in this data set in patients without malignancy who undergo nephrectomy by pediatric urologists but there is no difference in outcomes when nephrectomy is performed for malignancy. Copyright © 2015 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Comparison of three supraglottic devices in anesthetised paralyzed children undergoing elective surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bikramjit Das

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The newest variation of the i-gel supraglottic airway is a pediatric version. Aims: This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of the size 2 i-gel compared with the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA and classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA of the same size in anesthetized, paralyzed children. Settings and design: A prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Methods: Ninety ASA grade I-II patients undergoing lower abdominal, inguinal and orthopedic surgery were included in this prospective study. The patients were randomly assigned to the i-gel, PLMA and cLMA groups (30 patients in each group. Size 2 supraglottic airway was inserted according to the assigned group. We assessed ease of insertion, hemodynamic data, oropharyngeal sealing pressure and postoperative complications. Results: There were no differences in the demographic and hemodynamic data among the three groups. The airway leak pressure of the i-gel group (27.1±2.6 cmH 2 O was significantly higher than that of the PLMA group (22.73±1.2 cmH 2 O and the cLMA group (23.63±2.3 cmH 2 O. The success rates for first attempt of insertion were similar among the three devices. There were no differences in the incidence of postoperative airway trauma, sore throat or hoarse cry in the three groups. Conclusions: Hemodynamic parameters, ease of insertion and postoperative complications were comparable among the i-gel, PLMA and cLMA groups, but airway sealing pressure was significantly higher in the i-gel group.

  7. A new method of morphological comparison for bony reconstructive surgery: maxillary reconstruction using scapular tip bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Harley; Gilbert, Ralph W.; Pagedar, Nitin A.; Daly, Michael J.; Irish, Jonathan C.; Siewerdsen, Jeffrey H.

    2010-02-01

    esthetic appearance is one of the most important factors for reconstructive surgery. The current practice of maxillary reconstruction chooses radial forearm, fibula or iliac rest osteocutaneous to recreate three-dimensional complex structures of the palate and maxilla. However, these bone flaps lack shape similarity to the palate and result in a less satisfactory esthetic. Considering similarity factors and vasculature advantages, reconstructive surgeons recently explored the use of scapular tip myo-osseous free flaps to restore the excised site. We have developed a new method that quantitatively evaluates the morphological similarity of the scapula tip bone and palate based on a diagnostic volumetric computed tomography (CT) image. This quantitative result was further interpreted as a color map that rendered on the surface of a three-dimensional computer model. For surgical planning, this color interpretation could potentially assist the surgeon to maximize the orientation of the bone flaps for best fit of the reconstruction site. With approval from the Research Ethics Board (REB) of the University Health Network, we conducted a retrospective analysis with CT image obtained from 10 patients. Each patient had a CT scans including the maxilla and chest on the same day. Based on this image set, we simulated total, subtotal and hemi palate reconstruction. The procedure of simulation included volume segmentation, conversing the segmented volume to a stereo lithography (STL) model, manual registration, computation of minimum geometric distances and curvature between STL model. Across the 10 patients data, we found the overall root-mean-square (RMS) conformance was 3.71+/- 0.16 mm

  8. Comparison of efficacy among various topical anesthetics: An approach towards painless injections in periodontal surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koppolu, P; Mishra, A; Swapna, LA; Butchibabu, K; Bagalkokar, A; Baroudi, Kusai

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aims: Local anesthetics (LAs) are most commonly used agents in dentistry. They are used to prevent the pain and nociception generated during dental procedures. Since pain associated at the time of injection of LA is uncomfortable, most of the dentists are on pursuit of painless administration of LA injection and use of topical anesthetics prior to the injection has proven effective in reducing anxiety and pain to the patient. The aim of this study is to compare pain responses after application of three types of topical anesthetics with control in the patients referred for periodontal full mouth flap surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 83 patients (42 males and 41 females) participated in the study with age group ranging from 30 to 50 years. The present study is to evaluate the efficacy of three topical anesthetics (Precaine gel, Benzocaine topical paste and Lignocaine spray) before infiltration in altering visual analog scale (VAS) scores of pain during LA injection. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 15.0 software. Repeated analysis of variance was performed to know the effect of each variable and reveal statistical significance. Results: Results revealed that Precaine gel had least VAS score compared with other topical anesthetics. Conclusion: From the present study, it can be concluded that procaine gel is a better than other topical LA agents, as the number of studies on this subject is rare and clinical results are mixed, further studies are required with a larger sample before its routine application in our field. PMID:26955311

  9. A Comparison of aminocaproic Acid and Tranexamic Acid in Adult Cardiac Surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chauhan S

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available We compared Aminocaproic acid with tranexamic acid, prospectively in 120 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were assigned to one of the 3 groups. Group A (n=40 did not receive any drug and acted as the control group. Group B (n=4 received aminocaproic acid 100 mg/kg each at anaesthetic induction, on bypass and after protamine reversal of heparin. group C (n=40 received tranexamic acid 10 mg/kg each at anaesthetic induction, on bypass and after protamine reversal of heparin. Postoperative blood loss at 24 hours, blood and blood product usage, and re-exploration rates were recorded, and tests for coagulation were performed at 6 hours postoperatively. It was found that blood loss in group A at 24 hours (780+/-120 mL was significantly greater than Group B (360+/-90 mL and Group C (215+/-70 mL. Plasma and platelet concentrate use in Group A (215+/-30 mL and 150+/-30 mL was greater than Group B (190+/-20 mL and 75+/-30 mL and Group C (185+/-20 mL and 80+/-30 mL. Re- explorations in Group A, 8/40 (20% were greater than Group B, 2/40 (5% and Group C, 2/40 (5%. Coagulation tests revealed better preservation of fibrinogen and lower levels of fibrin degradation products, in group B and C. These two groups were however statistically indistinguishable in respect to all the parameters studied, when compared with each other. It was concluded that both the antifibrinolytic agents in the doses studied were equally effective in reducing postoperative blood loss, blood and blood products usage and re-exploration rates. Coagulation parameters were better preserved as compared to the control group.

  10. Comparison of three different polyvinyl alcohol packs following functional endoscopic Nasal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melis, Andrea; Karligkiotis, Apostolos; Bozzo, Corrado; Machouchas, Nikolaos; Volpi, Luca; Castiglia, Paolo; Castelnuovo, Paolo; Meloni, Francesco

    2015-05-01

    To compare the extent of bleeding and patient discomfort during packing removal of three different polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) packs: 1) a standard PVA sponge (s-PVA) (Mondocel Standard 10 cm; Mondomed NV, Hamont-Achel, Belgium); 2) a PVA sponge with oxidized cellulose (oc-PVA) (Merocel Hemox 10 cm; Medtronic Xomed Surgical Products, Jacksonville, FL); and 3) a PVA sponge with polyethylene film (pf-PVA) (Merocel 2000 8 cm; Medtronic Xomed Surgical Products, Jacksonville, FL), after functional endoscopic sinus surgery and inferior turbinoplasty. A prospective, randomized, blinded, controlled trial. Ninety consecutive patients were enrolled and randomized to receive in each side one pack in the middle meatus and another pack of the same material in the nasal fossa. The patients were equally divided in three groups of 30 patients each. Group A received the pf-PVA; group B received oc-PVA; and group C received s-PVA. Postoperatively, bleeding after removal of the entire nasal packing was evaluated by an observer, whereas the severity of pain was rated by patients with visual analog scales. Our study evaluated three nasal packing materials, demonstrating that the pf-PVA is less painful than the others but with intermediate bleeding ratio. However, the oc-PVA has an intermediate pain score but minimum bleeding. The s-PVA showed the worst pain and bleeding results. Considering that removal of the second pack (middle meatus) is more painful than the first (nasal fossa), our results suggest that a pf-PVA can be placed in the middle meatus and a oc-PVA in the nasal fossa in order to reduce patient's discomfort in terms of pain and bleeding. 1b. © 2014 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  11. A comparison of medical litigation filed against obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, and surgery departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamasaki, Tomoko; Hagihara, Akihito

    2015-10-24

    The aim of this study was to review the typical factors related to physician's liability in obstetrics and gynecology departments, as compared to those in internal medicine and surgery, regarding a breach of the duty to explain. This study involved analyzing 366 medical litigation case reports from 1990 through 2008 where the duty to explain was disputed. We examined relationships between patients, physicians, variables related to physician's explanations, and physician's breach of the duty to explain by comparing mean values and percentages in obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, and surgical departments with the t-test and χ(2) test. When we compared the reasons for decisions in cases where the patient won, we found that the percentage of cases in which the patient's claim was recognized was the highest for both physician negligence, including errors of judgment and procedural mistakes, and breach of the duty to explain, in obstetrics and gynecology departments; breach of the duty to explain alone in internal medicine departments; and mistakes in medical procedures alone in surgical departments (p = 0.008). When comparing patients, the rate of death was significantly higher than that of other outcomes in precedents where a breach of the duty to explain was acknowledged (p = 0.046). The proportion of cases involving obstetrics and gynecology departments, in which care was claimed to be substandard at the time of treatment, and that were not argued as breach of a duty to explain, was significantly higher than those of other evaluated departments (p gynecology departments, the proportion of cases in which it had been conceded that the duty to explain had been breached when seeking patient approval (or not) was significantly higher than in other departments (p = 0.002). It is important for physicians working in obstetrics and gynecology departments to carefully explain the risk of death associated with any planned procedure, and to obtain genuinely informed

  12. Robotic laparoscopic surgery: a comparison of the DA Vinci and Zeus systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, G T; Gill, I S

    2001-12-01

    To evaluate two currently available robotic surgical systems in performing various urologic laparoscopic procedures in an acute porcine model. Robotic laparoscopic surgery was performed in 14 swine. Data were compared between the da Vinci Robotic System and the Zeus Robotic System. During laparoscopic nephrectomy, the da Vinci System (n = 6) had a significantly shorter total operating room time (51.3 versus 71.6 minutes; P = 0.02) and actual surgical time (42.1 versus 61.4 minutes; P = 0.03) compared with the Zeus System (n = 5). However, the blood loss and adequacy of surgical dissection were comparable between the two groups. For laparoscopic adrenalectomy, the da Vinci System (n = 5) had a shorter actual surgical time (12.2 versus 26.0 minutes; P = 0.006) than did the Zeus System (n = 5). For laparoscopic pyeloplasty, the da Vinci System had a shorter total operating room time (61.4 versus 83.4 minutes; P = 0.10) and anastomotic time (44.7 versus 66.4 minutes; P = 0.11). During pyeloplasty anastomosis, the total number of suture bites per ureter was 13.0 for the da Vinci System (n = 6) and 10.8 for the Zeus System (n = 6). The complications included an adrenal parenchymal tear each during a da Vinci System-based left adrenalectomy and a Zeus System-based right adrenalectomy. An inferior vena caval tear during a Zeus System-based right adrenalectomy occurred in 1 case, which was suture-repaired telerobotically. Robotic laparoscopic procedures can be performed effectively using either the da Vinci or Zeus System. In this limited study, the learning curve and operative times were shorter and the intraoperative technical movements appeared inherently more intuitive with the da Vinci System. Additional clinical experience is necessary.

  13. Potential for Sulfate Reduction in Mangrove Forest Soils: Comparison between Two Dominant Species of the Americas

    KAUST Repository

    Balk, Melike

    2016-11-18

    Avicennia and Rhizophora are globally occurring mangrove genera with different traits that place them in different parts of the intertidal zone. It is generally accepted that the oxidizing capacity of Avicennia roots is larger than that of Rhizophora roots, which initiates more reduced conditions in the soil below the latter genus. We hypothesize that the more reduced conditions beneath Rhizophora stands lead to more active sulfate-reducing microbial communities compared to Avicennia stands. To test this hypothesis, we measured sulfate reduction traits in soil samples collected from neighboring Avicennia germinans and Rhizophora mangle stands at three different locations in southern Florida. The traits measured were sulfate reduction rates (SRR) in flow-through reactors containing undisturbed soil layers in the absence and presence of easily degradable carbon compounds, copy numbers of the dsrB gene, which is specific for sulfate-reducing microorganisms, and numbers of sulfate-reducing cells that are able to grow in liquid medium on a mixture of acetate, propionate and lactate as electron donors. At the tidal locations Port of the Islands and South Hutchinson Islands, steady state SRR, dsrB gene copy numbers and numbers of culturable cells were higher at the A. germinans than at the R. mangle stands, although not significantly for the numbers at Port of the Islands. At the non-tidal location North Hutchinson Island, results are mixed with respect to these sulfate reduction traits. At all locations, the fraction of culturable cells were significantly higher at the R. mangle than at the A. germinans stands. The dynamics of the initial SRR implied a more in situ active sulfate-reducing community at the intertidal R. mangle stands. It was concluded that in agreement with our hypothesis R. mangle stands accommodate a more active sulfate-reducing community than A. germinans stands, but only at the tidal locations. The differences between R. mangle and A. germinans stands

  14. Comparison of two power interdental cleaning devices on the reduction of gingivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Naresh C; Lyle, Deborah M; Qaqish, Jimmy G; Schuller, Reinhard

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the reduction of gingivitis by two power interdental devices combined with a manual toothbrush. Eighty-two subjects completed this randomized, four-week, single-blind, two-group parallel clinical study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Waterpik Water Flosser (WF) plus manual tooth brushing or Sonicare Air Floss (AF) plus manual tooth brushing. Subjects were provided written and verbal instructions for all products at the baseline visit and instructions were reviewed at the two-week (W2) visit. Data were evaluated for whole mouth, lingual, and facial areas for gingivitis and bleeding on probing. Plaque data were evaluated for whole mouth, lingual, facial, approximal, and marginal areas of the tooth. Gingivitis, bleeding on probing, and plaque were scored at baseline (BSL), two weeks, and four weeks (W4). Both groups showed significant reductions in gingivitis, bleeding on probing, and plaque from baseline for all regions and time points measured (p gingivitis at W2 and W4 for all areas measured (p gingivitis reduction, and twice as effective for the lingual region. In terms of plaque removal at W4, the WF group was 70% more effective for whole mouth (50.9% vs. 30%), 60% for approximal area (76.7% vs. 48%), and 47% for facial (52.8% vs. 35.9%) surfaces. The WF was twice as effective for lingual areas and more than three times as effective for marginal areas vs. the AF group (p gingivitis and plaque.

  15. Layout and EB data reduction: comparison of OASIS based approach with format-specific reversible compressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pai, Ravi; Pereira, Mark; Manu, C. S.; Parchuri, Anil; Baruah, Barsha

    2007-05-01

    With rapid increase in the number of geometries in a chip and aggressive RET carried out on layout data, it has become very much imperative to address the issue of layout and EB data explosion during IC design. Currently, the most widely used GDSII format for layout data as well as the widely used data formats for EB data, are incapable of handling the huge amount of data prevalent in the UDSM regime. The new non-proprietary standardized formats of OASIS for layout data and OASIS.VSB for EB data are the way the industry is likely to go in the near future to address the issue of data explosion. But, the process of adoption of these new formats is too slow as it takes a long time for new design flows to mature. The speed of adoption is especially slow in the post-layout domain as it is very close to manufacturing and the cost of error is too high. However, the issue of layout and EB data explosion is real and immediate and hence, it should be addressed in short term without waiting for the long term solution to arrive. This paper discusses about an alternative approach of employing format-specific lossless reversible layout and EB data compression schemes to compress the layout and EB data. The performance and the advantage of this approach are compared with the currently prevalent approach of using OASIS primarily and solely for on-disk file size reduction. It is argued that the reversible compression techniques could be a better approach for on-disk data file size reduction as they would not only reduce the file sizes but could also almost seamlessly get integrated into the current tool flow without necessitating major changes in the tool flow. The possibility of using OASIS itself as a format for lossless reversible compression of GDSII and MEBES data is also discussed. It is also argued that for successful adoption of OASIS formats by the industry mere on-disk file size reduction may not be sufficient. Higher value additions such as reduction in in-core database

  16. Numerical comparison of robustness of some reduction methods in rough grids

    KAUST Repository

    Hou, Jiangyong

    2014-04-09

    In this article, we present three nonsymmetric mixed hybrid RT 1 2 methods and compare with some recently developed reduction methods which are suitable for the single-phase Darcy flow problem with full anisotropic and highly heterogeneous permeability on general quadrilateral grids. The methods reviewed are multipoint flux approximation (MPFA), multipoint flux mixed finite element method, mixed-finite element with broken RT 1 2 method, MPFA-type mimetic finite difference method, and symmetric mixed-hybrid finite element method. The numerical experiments of these methods on different distorted meshes are compared, as well as their differences in performance of fluxes are discussed. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. CINDERELLA: Comparison of INDEpendent RELative least-squares amplitudes. Time series data reduction in Fourier space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reegen, P.; Gruberbauer, M.; Schneider, L.; Weiss, W. W.

    2008-06-01

    Context: The identification of smaller and smaller signals from objects observed with a non-perfect instrument in a noisy environment poses a challenge for a statistically clean data analysis. Aims: We compute the probability that frequencies determined in various data sets are related or not, which cannot be answered with a simple comparison of amplitudes. Our method provides a statistical estimator for whether a given signal with different strengths in a set of observations is of instrumental origin or is intrinsic. Methods: Based on the spectral significance as an unbiased statistical quantity in frequency analysis, Discrete Fourier Transforms (DFTs) of target and background light curves are compared. The individual False-Alarm Probabilities are used to deduce a conditional probability of a peak in a target spectrum being real in spite of a corresponding peak in the spectrum of sky background or of comparison stars. Alternatively, we can compute joint probabilities of frequencies to occur in the DFT spectra of several data sets simultaneously but with different amplitude, leading to composed spectral significances. These are useful to investigate a star observed in different filters or during several observing runs. The composed spectral significance is a measure of the probability that none of the coinciding peaks in the DFT spectra under consideration are due to noise.

  18. Open reduction and internal fixation of acetabulum fractures: does timing of surgery affect blood loss and OR time?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dailey, Steven K; Archdeacon, Michael T

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the timing of surgical intervention for fractures of the acetabulum and its influence on perioperative factors. Retrospective review. Level I trauma center. Two hundred eighty-eight consecutive patients who sustained either posterior wall (PW), associated both column (ABC), or anterior column posterior hemitransverse (ACPHT) acetabulum fractures were included in the study. One hundred seventy-six PW fractures were treated through a Kocher-Langenbeck approach, and 112 ABC/ACPHT fractures were treated through an anterior intrapelvic approach. Estimated blood loss (EBL), operative time. EBL (800 vs. 400 mL), operative time (270 vs.154 minutes), and hospital stay (11 vs. 7 days) were greater for the ABC/ACPHT fractures compared with the PW fractures. When comparing early (≤48 hours) versus late (>48 hours) treatment of PW fractures, there was no difference in EBL (400 vs. 400 mL, P = 0.37) or operative time (150 vs. 156 minutes, P = 0.50). In comparison of early versus late treatment of ABC/ACPHT fractures, no significant difference was noted in EBL (725 vs. 800 mL, P = 0.30) or operative time (258.5 vs. 272 minutes, P = 0.21). We found no advantage or disadvantage in terms of EBL or operative time for early (≤48 hours) versus late (>48 hours) fixation for either PW or ABC/ACPHT acetabular fractures. Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  19. Comparison of individual pitch and smart rotor control strategies for load reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plumley, C.; Leithead, W.; Jamieson, P.; Bossanyi, E.; Graham, M.

    2014-06-01

    Load reduction is increasingly seen as an essential part of controller and wind turbine design. On large multi-MW wind turbines that experience high levels of wind shear and turbulence across the rotor, individual pitch control and smart rotor control are being considered. While individual pitch control involves adjusting the pitch of each blade individually to reduce the cyclic loadings on the rotor, smart rotor control involves activating control devices distributed along the blades to alter the local aerodynamics of the blades. Here we investigate the effectiveness of using a DQ-axis control and a distributed (independent) control for both individual pitch and trailing edge flap smart rotor control. While load reductions are similar amongst the four strategies across a wide range of variables, including blade root bending moments, yaw bearing and shaft, the pitch actuator requirements vary. The smart rotor pitch actuator has reduced travel, rates, accelerations and power requirements than that of the individual pitch controlled wind turbines. This benefit alone however would be hard to justify the added design complexities of using a smart rotor, which can be seen as an alternative to upgrading the pitch actuator and bearing. In addition, it is found that the independent control strategy is apt at roles that the collective pitch usually targets, such as tower motion and speed control, and it is perhaps here, in supplementing other systems, that the future of the smart rotor lies.

  20. A comparison of manual versus hydrostatic reduction in children with intussusception: Single-center experience

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    Servet Ocal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In recent years several techniques have been recommended for intussusception treatment. In this study, an evaluation was made of intussusception cases that presented at our clinic and had reduction applied together with saline under ultrasonography (USG and cases, which were surgically treated. Patients and Methods: A retrospective evaluation was made of the records of 72 cases treated for a diagnosis of intussusception between January 2010 and July 2012. Patients were evaluated demographics, clinical presentation, management strategy, during the hospitalisation and outcome. Results: A total of 72 cases which consists of 44 male and 28 female with age range between 5 and 132 months were treated with a diagnosis of intussusception. USG was applied to all cases on initial presentation. As treatment, hydrostatic reduction (HR together with USG was applied to 47 cases. Of these, the HR was unsuccessful in 13 cases. Surgical treatment was applied to 38 cases. Of these cases, ileocolic intussusception was observed in 30 cases, ileoileal in seven cases and colocolic in one case. Meckel diverticulum was determined in five of these cases, polyps in two cases, lymphoma in two cases, lymph nodule in one case and 28 cases were observed to be idiopathic. There was no mortality in any case. Conclusion: HR together with USG is a safe technique in the treatment of intussusception, which also shortens the duration of hospitalisation and significantly reduces the treatment costs.

  1. Patient-reported body image and cosmesis outcomes following kidney surgery: comparison of laparoendoscopic single-site, laparoscopic, and open surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Samuel K; Olweny, Ephrem O; Best, Sara L; Tracy, Chad R; Mir, Saad A; Cadeddu, Jeffrey A

    2011-11-01

    Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is reported to result in superior cosmesis versus alternative surgical approaches, based solely on surgeon assessment or anecdotal evidence. Evaluate patient-reported body image and cosmesis outcomes following kidney surgery. We conducted a prospective and retrospective observational cohort study involving patients who underwent kidney surgery (n=114) via LESS (n=35), laparoscopic (n=52), or open (n=27) approaches. Cosmesis was evaluated using a comprehensive survey administered ≥3 mo postoperatively. Survey components were a body image questionnaire (BIQ) consisting of body image and cosmesis subscales, a photo-series questionnaire (PSQ) assessing scar preferences after knowledge of scar outcomes for alternative surgical approaches, and query of preference for future surgical approach using a trade-off method. Body image, cosmesis, and PSQ scales ranged from 5 to 20, 3 to 24, and 1 to 10, respectively. Median BIQ component scores did not significantly differ across surgical approaches. Median ratings for the LESS, laparoscopy, and open scar photographs were 8, 5, and 5, respectively (p=0.0001). Before viewing photographs, median self-scar ratings for LESS, laparoscopy, and open approaches were 9, 5, and 6.5, respectively (p=0.02); after photographs, ratings were 9, 7, and 7, respectively (p=0.008). Assuming equivalent surgical risk among the approaches, overall preference for future LESS, laparoscopy, or open surgery was 39%, 33%, or 4%, respectively. As theoretical risk of LESS was raised, preference for LESS decreased, whereas preference for laparoscopy and open surgery increased. Study limitations are a nonrandomized design and the use of a nonvalidated scale. Urologic patients favor LESS cosmesis outcomes over those for laparoscopy or open surgery. Considering the superior scar satisfaction among LESS patients, who were younger and more likely to be undergoing surgery for benign disease, we infer that this

  2. Repair of inguinal hernia: a comparison between extraperitoneal laparoscopy and Lichtenstein open surgery

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    Tavassoli A

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: The inguinal hernia is a common disorder in general surgery. Different methods have been described for repair of these hernias. In modern methods, synthetic mesh is used to cover the wall defect and the most known method is Lichtenstein surgical repair. The laparoscopic totally extra peritoneal procedure (TEP is a newer technique of repairing hernia. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair versus Lichtenstein open repair in patients with inguinal hernia."n"nMethods: Among 50 patients, 25 cases underwent Lichtenstein procedure and 25 patients underwent TEP technique for repairing primary unilateral inguinal hernia. Findings during the operation have been recorded and the 12-months follow-up of patients in different views was performed through a questionnaire and then the results were compared."n"nResults: The operation duration, the rate of complications and frequency of recurrence were similar in two groups; but the hospital stay, postoperative pain, chronic groin pain and the required time to return to normal activity were significantly lower in patients who underwent the TEP method compared to the patients who underwent the

  3. Comparison between endovascular repair and open surgery for isolated iliac artery aneurysms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igari, Kimihiro; Kudo, Toshifumi; Toyofuku, Takahito; Jibiki, Masatoshi; Inoue, Yoshinori

    2015-03-01

    This study was performed to compare endovascular repair with conventional open repair of isolated iliac artery aneurysms (IAAs). We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients who underwent repair of isolated IAAs between January 2008 and June 2012. Patients with infected, mycotic and ruptured iliac aneurysms and those with concurrent infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms greater than 30 mm in diameter were excluded from this analysis. A total of 32 patients were treated with isolated IAAs. There were 20 open and 12 endovascular repairs. A comparison of the length of the operation (238 ± 84 min in the open group vs 176 ± 72 min in the endovascular group, P = 0.03) and intraoperative blood loss (1,735 ± 1,177 ml in the open group vs 503 ± 711 ml in the endovascular group, P = 0.01), revealed significant differences in favor of the endovascular procedure. Postoperative complications were less common in the endovascular group, although the difference did not reach statistical significance. The management of isolated IAAs with both endovascular and open repair can be accomplished with very low morbidity rates. Therefore, endovascular repair can be considered an alternative treatment for isolated IAAs.

  4. Comparison of femtosecond and excimer laser platforms available for corneal refractive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lisa Y; Manche, Edward E

    2016-07-01

    The evolution of laser technology has left today's refractive surgeon with a choice between multiple laser platforms. The purpose of this review is to compare currently available femtosecond and excimer laser platforms, providing a summary of current evidence. Femtosecond lasers create LASIK flaps with better accuracy, uniformity, and predictability than mechanical microkeratomes. Newer higher-frequency femtosecond platforms elicit less inflammation, producing better visual outcomes. SMILE achieved similar safety, efficacy, and predictability as LASIK with greater preservation of corneal nerves and biomechanical strength. The emergence of wavefront technology has resulted in improved excimer laser treatments. Comparisons of wavefront-guided and wavefront-optimized treatments suggest that there is an advantage to using wavefront-guided platforms in terms of visual acuity and quality of vision. Topography-guided ablations are another well tolerated and effective option, especially in eyes with highly irregular corneas. Advances in femtosecond and excimer laser technology have not only improved the safety and efficacy of refractive procedures, but have also led to the development of promising new treatment modalities, such as SMILE and the use of wavefront-guided and topography-guided ablation. Future studies and continued technological progress will help to better define the optimal use of these treatment platforms.

  5. Iterative metal artefact reduction (MAR) in postsurgical chest CT: comparison of three iMAR-algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aissa, Joel; Boos, Johannes; Sawicki, Lino Morris; Heinzler, Niklas; Krzymyk, Karl; Sedlmair, Martin; Kröpil, Patric; Antoch, Gerald; Thomas, Christoph

    2017-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of three novel iterative metal artefact (iMAR) algorithms on image quality and artefact degree in chest CT of patients with a variety of thoracic metallic implants. 27 postsurgical patients with thoracic implants who underwent clinical chest CT between March and May 2015 in clinical routine were retrospectively included. Images were retrospectively reconstructed with standard weighted filtered back projection (WFBP) and with three iMAR algorithms (iMAR-Algo1 = Cardiac algorithm, iMAR-Algo2 = Pacemaker algorithm and iMAR-Algo3 = ThoracicCoils algorithm). The subjective and objective image quality was assessed. Averaged over all artefacts, artefact degree was significantly lower for the iMAR-Algo1 (58.9 ± 48.5 HU), iMAR-Algo2 (52.7 ± 46.8 HU) and the iMAR-Algo3 (51.9 ± 46.1 HU) compared with WFBP (91.6 ± 81.6 HU, p algorithms, respectively. iMAR-Algo2 and iMAR-Algo3 reconstructions decreased mild and moderate artefacts compared with WFBP and iMAR-Algo1 (p algorithms led to a significant reduction of metal artefacts and increase in overall image quality compared with WFBP in chest CT of patients with metallic implants in subjective and objective analysis. The iMARAlgo2 and iMARAlgo3 were best for mild artefacts. IMARAlgo1 was superior for severe artefacts. Advances in knowledge: Iterative MAR led to significant artefact reduction and increase image-quality compared with WFBP in CT after implementation of thoracic devices. Adjusting iMAR-algorithms to patients' metallic implants can help to improve image quality in CT.

  6. Potential cost saving of Epoetin alfa in elective hip or knee surgery due to reduction in blood transfusions and their side effects: a discrete-event simulation model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jörg Tomeczkowski

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Transfusion of allogeneic blood is still common in orthopedic surgery. This analysis evaluates from the perspective of a German hospital the potential cost savings of Epoetin alfa (EPO compared to predonated autologous blood transfusions or to a nobloodconservationstrategy (allogeneic blood transfusion strategyduring elective hip and knee replacement surgery. METHODS: Individual patients (N = 50,000 were simulated based on data from controlled trials, the German DRG institute (InEK and various publications and entered into a stochastic model (Monte-Carlo of three treatment arms: EPO, preoperative autologous donation and nobloodconservationstrategy. All three strategies lead to a different risk for an allogeneic blood transfusion. The model focused on the costs and events of the three different procedures. The costs were obtained from clinical trial databases, the German DRG system, patient records and medical publications: transfusion (allogeneic red blood cells: €320/unit and autologous red blood cells: €250/unit, pneumonia treatment (€5,000, and length of stay (€300/day. Probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed to determine which factors had an influence on the model's clinical and cost outcomes. RESULTS: At acquisition costs of €200/40,000 IU EPO is cost saving compared to autologous blood donation, and cost-effective compared to a nobloodconservationstrategy. The results were most sensitive to the cost of EPO, blood units and hospital days. CONCLUSIONS: EPO might become an attractive blood conservation strategy for anemic patients at reasonable costs due to the reduction in allogeneic blood transfusions, in the modeled incidence of transfusion-associated pneumonia andthe prolongedlength of stay.

  7. A comparison of 3 methods of face-bow transfer recording: implications for orthognathic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gateno, J; Forrest, K K; Camp, B

    2001-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the occlusal plane inclination of models mounted using 3 different systems for face-bow transfer with the actual occlusal plane inclination as measured on a cephalometric radiograph. Twenty-two subjects were enrolled in this study. Three alginate impressions of the maxillary dentition were taken, and 3 stone dental models were produced for each subject. Face-bow recordings were obtained on each subject using the SAM Anatomical Face-bow (Great Lakes Orthodontics Products, Ltd, Tonawanda, NY), the Erickson Surgical Face-bow (Great Lakes Orthodontics Products, Ltd) and a new technique developed by one of the authors (J.G.). For each subject, the dental models were mounted on a SAM articulator using each of the 3 face-bow recordings. Finally, a lateral cephalometric radiograph was obtained for each subject. The occlusal plane inclination was measured on the models and on the cephalometric radiographs. Differences among groups were tested using a 1-way analysis of variance. Bonferroni test was used for post hoc comparison between different pairs of groups. The average occlusal plane inclination using the SAM Anatomical Face-bow was 7.8 degrees +/- 4.2 degrees greater than the actual-a difference that was statistically significant. The mean occlusal plane inclination of the models obtained using the Erickson Surgical Face-bow was 4.4 degrees +/- 2.2 degrees greater than the actual-a difference that was also statistically significant. The mean occlusal plane inclination of the models obtained by the new technique was only 0.9 degrees +/- 1.2 degrees greater than the actual; this difference was not statistically significant. The new mounting technique is more accurate than the conventional SAM Face-bow or the Erickson Face-bow for reproducing the actual occlusal plane inclination. Copyright 2001 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

  8. Performance Comparison of Attribute Set Reduction Algorithms in Stock Price Prediction - A Case Study on Indian Stock Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivakumar, P. Bagavathi; Mohandas, V. P.

    Stock price prediction and stock trend prediction are the two major research problems of financial time series analysis. In this work, performance comparison of various attribute set reduction algorithms were made for short term stock price prediction. Forward selection, backward elimination, optimized selection, optimized selection based on brute force, weight guided and optimized selection based on the evolutionary principle and strategy was used. Different selection schemes and cross over types were explored. To supplement learning and modeling, support vector machine was also used in combination. The algorithms were applied on a real time Indian stock data namely CNX Nifty. The experimental study was conducted using the open source data mining tool Rapidminer. The performance was compared in terms of root mean squared error, squared error and execution time. The obtained results indicates the superiority of evolutionary algorithms and the optimize selection algorithm based on evolutionary principles outperforms others.

  9. A comparison of conventional and retrospective measures of change in symptoms after elective surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dörning Hans

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Measuring change is fundamental to evaluations, health services research and quality management. To date, the Gold-Standard is the prospective assessment of pre- to postoperative change. However, this is not always possible (e.g. in emergencies. Instead a retrospective approach to the measurement of change is one alternative of potential validity. In this study, the Gold-Standard 'conventional' method was compared with two variations of the retrospective approach: a perceived-change design (model A and a design that featured observed follow-up minus baseline recall (model B. Methods In a prospective longitudinal observational study of 185 hernia patients and 130 laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients (T0: 7-8 days pre-operative; T1: 14 days post-operative and T2: 6 months post-operative changes in symptoms (Hernia: 9 Items, Cholecystectomy: 8 Items were assessed at the three time points by patients and the conventional method was compared to the two alternatives. Comparisons were made regarding the percentage of missing values per questionnaire item, correlation between conventional and retrospective measurements, and the degree to which retrospective measures either over- or underestimated changes and time-dependent effects. Results Single item missing values in model A were more frequent than in model B (e.g. Hernia repair at T1: model A: 23.5%, model B: 7.9%. In all items and at both postoperative points of measurement, correlation of change between the conventional method and model B was higher than between the conventional method and model A. For both models A and B, correlation with the change calculated with the conventional method was higher at T1 than at T2. Compared to the conventional model both models A and B also overestimated symptom-change (i.e. improvement with similar frequency, but the overestimation was higher in model A than in model B. In both models, overestimation was lower at T1 than at T2 and lower

  10. Coresets vs clustering: comparison of methods for redundancy reduction in very large white matter fiber sets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandroni, Guy; Zimmerman Moreno, Gali; Sochen, Nir; Greenspan, Hayit

    2016-03-01

    Recent advances in Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-MRI) of white matter in conjunction with improved tractography produce impressive reconstructions of White Matter (WM) pathways. These pathways (fiber sets) often contain hundreds of thousands of fibers, or more. In order to make fiber based analysis more practical, the fiber set needs to be preprocessed to eliminate redundancies and to keep only essential representative fibers. In this paper we demonstrate and compare two distinctive frameworks for selecting this reduced set of fibers. The first framework entails pre-clustering the fibers using k-means, followed by Hierarchical Clustering and replacing each cluster with one representative. For the second clustering stage seven distance metrics were evaluated. The second framework is based on an efficient geometric approximation paradigm named coresets. Coresets present a new approach to optimization and have huge success especially in tasks requiring large computation time and/or memory. We propose a modified version of the coresets algorithm, Density Coreset. It is used for extracting the main fibers from dense datasets, leaving a small set that represents the main structures and connectivity of the brain. A novel approach, based on a 3D indicator structure, is used for comparing the frameworks. This comparison was applied to High Angular Resolution Diffusion Imaging (HARDI) scans of 4 healthy individuals. We show that among the clustering based methods, that cosine distance gives the best performance. In comparing the clustering schemes with coresets, Density Coreset method achieves the best performance.

  11. Dimension Reduction Aided Hyperspectral Image Classification with a Small-sized Training Dataset: Experimental Comparisons

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    Jinya Su

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Hyperspectral images (HSI provide rich information which may not be captured by other sensing technologies and therefore gradually find a wide range of applications. However, they also generate a large amount of irrelevant or redundant data for a specific task. This causes a number of issues including significantly increased computation time, complexity and scale of prediction models mapping the data to semantics (e.g., classification, and the need of a large amount of labelled data for training. Particularly, it is generally difficult and expensive for experts to acquire sufficient training samples in many applications. This paper addresses these issues by exploring a number of classical dimension reduction algorithms in machine learning communities for HSI classification. To reduce the size of training dataset, feature selection (e.g., mutual information, minimal redundancy maximal relevance and feature extraction (e.g., Principal Component Analysis (PCA, Kernel PCA are adopted to augment a baseline classification method, Support Vector Machine (SVM. The proposed algorithms are evaluated using a real HSI dataset. It is shown that PCA yields the most promising performance in reducing the number of features or spectral bands. It is observed that while significantly reducing the computational complexity, the proposed method can achieve better classification results over the classic SVM on a small training dataset, which makes it suitable for real-time applications or when only limited training data are available. Furthermore, it can also achieve performances similar to the classic SVM on large datasets but with much less computing time.

  12. Comparison of single-microphone noise reduction schemes: can hearing impaired listeners tell the difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Rainer; Bisitz, Thomas; Gerkmann, Timo; Kiessling, Jürgen; Meister, Hartmut; Kollmeier, Birger

    2017-01-23

    The perceived qualities of nine different single-microphone noise reduction (SMNR) algorithms were to be evaluated and compared in subjective listening tests with normal hearing and hearing impaired (HI) listeners. Speech samples added with traffic noise or with party noise were processed by the SMNR algorithms. Subjects rated the amount of speech distortions, intrusiveness of background noise, listening effort and overall quality, using a simplified MUSHRA (ITU-R, 2003 ) assessment method. 18 normal hearing and 18 moderately HI subjects participated in the study. Significant differences between the rating behaviours of the two subject groups were observed: While normal hearing subjects clearly differentiated between different SMNR algorithms, HI subjects rated all processed signals very similarly. Moreover, HI subjects rated speech distortions of the unprocessed, noisier signals as being more severe than the distortions of the processed signals, in contrast to normal hearing subjects. It seems harder for HI listeners to distinguish between additive noise and speech distortions or/and they might have a different understanding of the term "speech distortion" than normal hearing listeners have. The findings confirm that the evaluation of SMNR schemes for hearing aids should always involve HI listeners.

  13. Statistical comparison of coherent structures in fully developed turbulent pipe flow with and without drag reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sogaro, Francesca; Poole, Robert; Dennis, David

    2014-11-01

    High-speed stereoscopic particle image velocimetry has been performed in fully developed turbulent pipe flow at moderate Reynolds numbers with and without a drag-reducing additive (an aqueous solution of high molecular weight polyacrylamide). Three-dimensional large and very large-scale motions (LSM and VLSM) are extracted from the flow fields by a detection algorithm and the characteristics for each case are statistically compared. The results show that the three-dimensional extent of VLSMs in drag reduced (DR) flow appears to increase significantly compared to their Newtonian counterparts. A statistical increase in azimuthal extent of DR VLSM is observed by means of two-point spatial autocorrelation of the streamwise velocity fluctuation in the radial-azimuthal plane. Furthermore, a remarkable increase in length of these structures is observed by three-dimensional two-point spatial autocorrelation. These results are accompanied by an analysis of the swirling strength in the flow field that shows a significant reduction in strength and number of the vortices for the DR flow. The findings suggest that the damping of the small scales due to polymer addition results in the undisturbed development of longer flow structures.

  14. Comparison of Greenhouse Gas Reduction Potential through Renewable Energy Transition in South Korea and Germany

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    Alexander Maennel

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Germany and South Korea are the world’s sixth and seventh largest emitters of greenhouse gases, respectively; their main sources of pollution being fossil-fueled power plants. Since both countries signed the Paris Agreement in 2016, renewable energy transition is emerging as an effective means and method for avoiding air pollutant emissions and for replacing old fossil-fueled power plants. This paper attempts to evaluate—by using a grid emission factor dependent on a series of energy mix scenarios—the potential for South Korea and Germany to reduce their air pollutants (CO2, NOx, SOx, PM (particulate matter until 2030. South Korea plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by increasing nuclear power, while Germany aims to do so by shutting down its nuclear power plants and expanding the proportion of renewable energy in the energy mix to over 50%. Therefore, both countries are able to achieve their voluntary greenhouse gas reduction targets in the power sector. However, since the uncertainty of the CO2 emission factor of coal power plants in South Korea is as high as 10%, efforts to reduce that uncertainty are required in order to produce a reliable assessment of the avoided emissions.

  15. Comparison of hair reduction with three lasers and light sources: prospective, blinded and controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sochor, Martin; Curkova, Andrea Kovacikova; Schwarczova, Zuzana; Sochorova, Ruzena; Simaljakova, Maria; Buchvald, Jozef

    2011-10-01

    The main goal of this study was to compare the hair removal efficacy of three methods: intense pulsed light (IPL), a combination of IPL and radio frequency (RF) and diode laser (810 nm). Forty participants were treated within three standardized squares on lateral sites on their legs. Each of these squares was treated twice with an interval of 4-6 weeks. The fourth square was left as a control. A blinded physician counted the hairs in each square before the first treatment and 8 months after the second treatment. Immediate and delayed side effects as well as pain scores were recorded. The mean hair count reduction achieved by the diode laser, IPL and IPL+RF was 49.90%, 39.16% and 47.15%, respectively. This study did not show any serious side effects and the number of side effects was minimal. The mean pain scores for the first and second treatments by diode laser, IPL and IPL+RF were 4.65 and 4.58, 2.43 and 2.53, and 3.95 and 4.03, respectively. At the end of the study, a free hair removal treatment for both legs was chosen by patients in the proportion 20 diode laser, 10 IPL and eight IPL+RF. The combination of RF and optical energies proved its safety and efficacy for hair removal, which is comparable with diode lasers and approximately 20% more efficient than 'pure' IPL.

  16. Radiation dose reduction in the neonatal intensive care unit. Comparison of three gadolinium oxysulfide screen-film combinations

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    Smathers, R.L.; Alford, B.A.; Messenger, J.; Agarwal, S.K.; Taylor, T.S.

    Infant radiation exposure in the neonatal intensive care unit was quantitated by thermoluminescent dosimetry in 513 mobile unit roentgen examinations of the chest and abdomen. Three combinations of gadolinium oxysulfide intensifying screens and radiographic films were compared. The skin entrance dose in millirads at the mid-chest, mid-abdomen and symphysis pubis levels was measured. Radiation dose reductions of 52% and 68% were achieved using the intermediate and fast combinations relative to the near par speed standard combination. Comparison of the relative line pair resolution of the three combinations under clinical conditions was done and subjective comparison of image detail and image mottle was made by two radiologists. The standard and intermediate speed combinations were considered very acceptable for general neonatal diagnostic interpretation but the fastest combination was not considered acceptable for general purposes. Because of the decreased radiation dose, the intermediate speed combination is now used for all routine neonatal radiography at our institution. The near par speed combination is now used only occasionally for high-detail examinations. The fastest combination has a limited role for frequently repeated, less critical studies, such as tube or catheter placement or routine follow-up examinations.

  17. Lung Volume Reduction Surgery and Improvement of Endothelial Function and Blood Pressure in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarenbach, Christian F; Sievi, Noriane A; Brock, Matthias; Schneiter, Didier; Weder, Walter; Kohler, Malcolm

    2015-08-01

    Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Preliminary studies have shown that both airflow obstruction and systemic inflammation may contribute to endothelial dysfunction in COPD. Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) is a treatment option in selected patients with COPD with emphysema that improves breathing mechanics and lung function. To determine the effect of LVRS on endothelial function and systemic inflammation. We conducted a randomized controlled trial in 30 patients scheduled for LVRS. In the intervention group, immediate LVRS was performed after baseline evaluation followed by reassessment 3 months later. In the control group, reassessment followed 3 months after baseline evaluation, and thereafter LVRS was performed. The primary outcome measures were the treatment effect on endothelial function and systemic inflammation. In the LVRS group 14 patients completed the trial and 13 in the control group. LVRS led to a relative reduction in mean (SD) residual volume/total lung capacity of -12% (12%) and an increase in FEV1 of 29% (27%). Flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery increased in the intervention group as compared with the control group (+2.9%; 95% confidence interval, +2.1 to +3.6%; P < 0.001), whereas there was no significant change in systemic inflammation. A significant treatment effect on mean blood pressure was observed (-9.0 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval, -17.5 to -0.5; P = 0.039). Endothelial function and blood pressure are improved 3 months after LVRS in patients with severe COPD and emphysema. LVRS may therefore have beneficial effects on cardiovascular outcomes. Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT 01020344).

  18. A Comparison of Barbed Sutures and Standard Sutures with regard to Wound Cosmesis in Panniculectomy and Reduction Mammoplasty Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristen Aliano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cosmesis is a vital concern for patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery. Many variations in wound closure are employed when attempting to minimize a surgical scar’s appearance. Barbed sutures are one potential method of achieving improved wound cosmesis and are more common in recent years. To determine if barbed sutures differ from nonbarbed in wound cosmesis, we conducted a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of 18 patients undergoing bilateral reduction mammoplasty or panniculectomy. Patients were their own controls, receiving barbed sutures on one side and standard sutures on the contralateral side. Surgical scars were evaluated postoperatively by patient preference self-assessment and an observer. Ten patients were evaluated at 3 months postoperatively, yielding a mean Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale (SBSES rating of 4.4 for barbed suture and 3.5 for regular suture (p=0.15. At 6 months, 8 patients performed self-assessment to determine their preference; 4 preferred the barbed sutures, 1 preferred the regular sutures, and 3 had no preference. Further research with larger sample sizes is needed to determine if barbed sutures convey any advantage over standard sutures in wound healing. However, our results suggest that barbed sutures are a reasonable alternative to standard sutures particularly with regard to wound cosmesis.

  19. Comparison of the safety of electrotome, Harmonic scalpel, and LigaSure for management of thyroid surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiaodong; Cao, Jian; Yan, Yichao; Liu, Fangfang; Li, Tao; Han, Long; Ye, Chunxiang; Zheng, Shuying; Wang, Shan; Ye, Yingjiang; Jiang, Kewei

    2017-06-01

    Energy-based surgical devices, including electrotome, the Harmonic scalpel, and LigaSure, have been widely applied in thyroid surgery, although a comparison of their safety and efficacy has not been reported yet. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using hemostatic energy-based surgical devices during thyroid surgery in a canine model. Twenty-four beagle dogs were randomly divided into the following groups: electrotome (30 kW), electrotome (15 kW), the Harmonic scalpel (output level 3), and LigaSure (middle gear). The hemostatic devices were applied on the thyroid surface for 3 seconds and then near the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN; distance of 5 mm, 3 mm, or 1 mm) for 3 seconds. Evoked electromyography (EMG) amplitudes were recorded by intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM). Acute microstructural morphological damage to thyroid tissues and the RLN were evaluated immediately after the procedure by light and electron microscopy. Electrotome caused a significant decrease in evoked EMG amplitudes when applied at a vertical distance of 1 mm from the RLN, both at 30 kW (1046 ± 404.3 μV vs 153 ± 245.5 μV; p Harmonic scalpel and LigaSure induced neither marked changes in evoked EMG amplitudes when applied at vertical distances of 5 mm, 3 mm, or 1 mm (all p > .05) nor microstructural morphological changes in the RLNs. The electrotome (15 kW) caused more serious thermal damage to thyroid tissues than that caused by either the Harmonic scalpel or LigaSure (thermal damaged depth: 0.951 ± 0.061 vs 0.756 ± 0.074, p Harmonic scalpel and LigaSure groups (p = .435). LigaSure and the Harmonic scalpel might be safer than electrotome when used in thyroid operations. LigaSure generates less heat than the Harmonic scalpel and electrotome. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 39: 1078-1085, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Dose reduction for chest CT: comparison of two iterative reconstruction techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pourjabbar, Sarvenaz; Singh, Sarabjeet; Kulkarni, Naveen; Muse, Victorine; Digumarthy, Subba R; Khawaja, Ranish Deedar Ali; Padole, Atul; Do, Synho; Kalra, Mannudeep K

    2015-06-01

    Lowering radiation dose in computed tomography (CT) scan results in low quality noisy images. Iterative reconstruction techniques are used currently to lower image noise and improve the quality of images. To evaluate lesion detection and diagnostic acceptability of chest CT images acquired at CTDIvol of 1.8 mGy and processed with two different iterative reconstruction techniques. Twenty-two patients (mean age, 60 ± 14 years; men, 13; women, 9; body mass index, 27.4 ± 6.5 kg/m(2)) gave informed consent for acquisition of low dose (LD) series in addition to the standard dose (SD) chest CT on a 128 - multidetector CT (MDCT). LD images were reconstructed with SafeCT C4, L1, and L2 settings, and Safire S1, S2, and S3 settings. Three thoracic radiologists assessed LD image series (S1, S2, S3, C4, L1, and L2) for lesion detection and comparison of lesion margin, visibility of normal structures, and diagnostic confidence with SD chest CT. Inter-observer agreement (kappa) was calculated. Average CTDIvol was 6.4 ± 2.7 mGy and 1.8 ± 0.2 mGy for SD and LD series, respectively. No additional lesion was found in SD as compared to LD images. Visibility of ground-glass opacities and lesion margins, as well as normal structures visibility were not affected on LD. CT image visibility of major fissure and pericardium was not optimal in some cases (n = 5). Objective image noise in some low dose images processed with SafeCT and Safire was similar to SD images (P value > 0.5). Routine LD chest CT reconstructed with iterative reconstruction technique can provide similar diagnostic information in terms of lesion detection, margin, and diagnostic confidence as compared to SD, regardless of the iterative reconstruction settings. © The Foundation Acta Radiologica 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  1. Comparison of laparoscopic peritoneal vaginoplasty and sigmoid colon vaginoplasty performed during radical surgery for primary vaginal carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Yao, Fengqiu; Zhao, Weidong; Chen, Gang; Zhang, Aijun; Sun, Fanglin; Hu, Weiping; Ling, Bin

    2014-01-01

    Background Radical surgery of primary vaginal carcinoma typically involves partial or complete resection of the vagina, and young patients in particular can experience sexual dysfunction after surgery. Vaginoplasty is mandatory for this population, multiple vaginal reconstructive techniques have been reported. Here we attempted to determine whether the peritoneum is a feasible alternative to the sigmoid colon in vaginoplasty performed during radical surgery. Methods Between February 2005 and ...

  2. Comparison of the clinical and radiological outcomes of open reduction via medial and anterior approach in devleopmental dysplasia of the hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yorgancıgil, Hüseyin; Aslan, Ahmet

    2016-08-01

    This study aims to investigate the effects of surgical approach on the clinical and radiological outcomes, the incidence of avascular necrosis (AVN), and the need for revision surgery in children undergoing open reduction via medial or anterior approach for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Forty-three hips of 36 patients (9 males, 27 females; mean age 13.8 month; range 6 to 18 months) treated for DDH, followed-up regularly for at least four years between January 1997 and December 2010, and who were aged five or above in the final control were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into two groups according to surgical approaches. Group 1 consisted of 21 hips of 19 patients who underwent open reduction through medial approach. Group 2 consisted of 22 hips of 17 patients who underwent open reduction through anterior approach. Groups were compared in terms of clinical and radiological outcomes as well as the incidence of AVN and the need for revision surgery. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups with respect to clinical and radiological outcomes (p=0.407 and p=0.661, respectively). Similarly, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of AVN incidence and need for revision surgery (p=0.993 and p=0.170, respectively). On the other hand, acetabular index improved significantly in both groups at follow-up. This study showed that open reduction via medial or anterior approach in DDH has similar clinical and radiological results, significant improvement was achieved in the acetabular index with both approaches, and no significant difference was present in the incidence of AVN and the need for revision surgery between the groups.

  3. A comparison of surgical outcomes and complications between hemostatic devices for thyroid surgery: a network meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yingwei; Li, Xi; Dong, Jianwei; Sun, Weifeng

    2017-03-01

    This meta-analysis compared harmonic scalpel and LigaSure® systems with the conventional clamp-and-tie technique in thyroidectomy. Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until December 30, 2015. Randomized controlled studies (RCTs) or two-arm prospective studies were included. The primary outcome was operation time. The data were evaluated both by pair-wise meta-analyses and network meta-analysis within a Bayesian framework using Markov chain Monte Carlo methods. Compared with the conventional hemostasis, there was a significant reduction in operation time with harmonic scalpel (HS) and LigaSure (LS) (difference in means = -24.27 min, 95 % CI -28.11 to -20.44 min, P meta-analysis also found harmonic scalpel and LigaSure to have less operation time than the conventional hemostasis, and that harmonic scalpel was associated with a significant 9.78 min reduction in operation time than LigaSure which was not seen in pair-wise comparison. Harmonic scalpel had significantly less risk of definitive recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, intra-operation blood loss, and post-operation bleeding than the conventional hemostasis. LigaSure was associated with significantly less intra-operative blood loss than the conventional hemostasis (P = 0.023). There was no significant difference among three different procedures in rates of transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. This study found that harmonic scalpel and LigaSure decreased operation time compared with the conventional hemostasis and that harmonic scalpels was associated with the lowest operation time.

  4. Comparison of Revision Rates of Anterior- and Posterior-Approach Ptosis Surgery: A Retrospective Review of 1519 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Eva; Liu, Jun; Seaworth, Cathleen; Furst, Meredith; Amato, Malena M; Blaydon, Sean M; Durairaj, Vikram D; Nakra, Tanuj; Shore, John W

    2017-06-02

    To compare revision rates for ptosis surgery between posterior-approach and anterior-approach ptosis repair techniques. This is the retrospective, consecutive cohort study. All patients undergoing ptosis surgery at a high-volume oculofacial plastic surgery practice over a 4-year period. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients undergoing posterior-approach and anterior-approach ptosis surgery for all etiologies of ptosis between 2011 and 2014. Etiology of ptosis, concurrent oculofacial surgeries, revision, and complications were analyzed. The main outcome measure is the ptosis revision rate. A total of 1519 patients were included in this study. The mean age was 63 ± 15.4 years. A total of 1056 (70%) of patients were female, 1451 (95%) had involutional ptosis, and 1129 (74.3%) had concurrent upper blepharoplasty. Five hundred thirteen (33.8%) underwent posterior-approach ptosis repair, and 1006 (66.2%) underwent anterior-approach ptosis repair. The degree of ptosis was greater in the anterior-approach ptosis repair group. The overall revision rate for all patients was 8.7%. Of the posterior group, 6.8% required ptosis revision; of the anterior group, 9.5% required revision surgery. The main reason for ptosis revision surgery was undercorrection of one or both eyelids. Concurrent brow lifting was associated with a decreased, but not statistically significant, rate of revision surgery. Patients who underwent unilateral ptosis surgery had a 5.1% rate of Hering's phenomenon requiring ptosis repair in the contralateral eyelid. Multivariable logistic regression for predictive factors show that, when adjusted for gender and concurrent blepharoplasty, the revision rate in anterior-approach ptosis surgery is higher than posterior-approach ptosis surgery (odds ratio = 2.08; p = 0.002). The overall revision rate in patients undergoing ptosis repair via posterior-approach or anterior-approach techniques is 8.7%. There is a statistically higher rate of

  5. Traditional or regenerative periodontal surgery?-a comparison of the publications between two periodontal journals over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staubli, Noémie; Schmidt, Julia C; Buset, Sabrina L; Gutekunst, Claudia J; Rodriguez, Fabiola R; Schmidlin, Patrick R; Walter, Clemens

    2017-08-07

    The objective is to compare the amount and content of publications regarding traditional or regenerative periodontal surgery in the years 1982/1983 and 2012/2013 in two leading periodontal journals of North America and Europe. The search was carried out in the Journal of Periodontology and Journal of Clinical Periodontology. Four reviewers screened the articles and allocated the topics with respect to periodontal surgery. The distribution of articles with respect to traditional or regenerative periodontal surgery was then compared between the journals and the respective time periods. Out of 1084 screened articles, 145 articles were included. Articles with periodontal surgery content amounted to 18% for the first time period and to 11% for the second time period. In the years 1982/1983, 7% of articles in the Journal of Periodontology and 8% in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology referred to traditional periodontal surgery, while 8% (Journal of Periodontology) and 5% (Journal of Clinical Periodontology) examined regenerative periodontal surgery. The distribution changed 30 years later, with 1% (Journal of Periodontology) and 3% (Journal of Clinical Periodontology) traditional periodontal surgery and 7% and 6% regenerative periodontal surgery content. While the clinical need for traditional periodontal surgery remained, research in this important field decreased. Publications rather tended to focus on adjunctive regenerative measures. Periodontal surgery with adjunctive regenerative measures is an established and well-documented clinical procedure. However, with respect to the dominance of horizontal bone loss in periodontally diseased patients, there is a need for ongoing research with focus on traditional periodontal surgery.

  6. A randomized multicenter double-blind comparison of urapidil and ketanserin in hypertensive patients after coronary artery surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Stroom, J. G.; van Wezel, H. B.; Langemeijer, J. J.; Korsten, H. H.; Kooyman, J.; van der Starre, P. J.; Kal, J. E.; Porsius, M.; van den Ende, R.; van Zwieten, P. A.

    1997-01-01

    To compare the hemodynamic responses, safety, and efficacy of urapidil and ketanserin in hypertensive patients after coronary artery surgery. Randomized double-blind study. Multi-institutional. One hundred twenty-two patients undergoing elective coronary artery surgery. When hypertension (defined as

  7. Comparison of preoperative hair removal methods for the reduction of surgical site infections: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Dingmei; Yao, Yao; Yu, Weifei

    2017-10-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of different methods of preoperative hair removal in reducing surgical site infections. Surgical site infections are a major source of morbidity and prolonged hospitalisation following surgery. However, there is a lack of data regarding the impact of different preoperative hair removal techniques on the incidence of surgical site infections. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Randomised controlled trials and controlled clinical trials reporting the impact of different methods of preoperative hair removal on reducing surgical site infections were collected through databases, including the Cochrane Library, Joanna Briggs Institute Library, PubMed, Elsevier, EMBASE, Nursing Consult, China Biology Medicine disc, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang data. The articles were published from 1 January 1990-15 March 2016. Meta-analyses were conducted with review manager version 5.0. Fourteen trials were included (16 comparisons) in the review, including 11 randomised controlled trials and three controlled clinical trials. Interventions in the studies were shaving, clipping, no hair removal and the use of depilatory cream. The meta-analyses included 7278 patients, from 10 countries. Nine studies compared shaving with no hair removal, four studies compared shaving with clipping, two studies compared shaving with depilatory cream, and one study compared clipping with no hair removal. No significant differences in the frequency of surgical site infections were observed between any of the methods assessed. No significant differences between shaving, clipping, no hair removal and depilatory cream were observed in the frequency of surgical site infections. Preoperative hair removal should be avoided unless necessary. When it is necessary to remove hair, the existing evidence suggests that clipping is more effective in reducing surgical site infections than shaving or depilatory cream. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Reduction in lateral thermal damage using heat-conducting templates: a comparison of continuous wave and pulsed CO2 lasers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector, Nicole; Spector, Jared; Ellis, Darrel L; Reinisch, Lou

    2003-01-01

    The advantages of the continuous wave (c.w.) CO(2) laser are offset by the delay in laser wound healing secondary to thermal damage. We have developed novel heat-conducting templates to reduce laser thermal damage. Because shortened pulse durations also decrease thermal damage, we tested the effectiveness of heat-conducting templates with a c.w. CO(2) clinical laser and a short-pulsed CO(2) laser to determine the best method and mechanism to minimize thermal damage. Comparison of 0.2-second shuttered c.w. and 5-microsecond pulsed CO(2) lasers were made by doing incisions on 150 tissue samples from reduction mammoplasties and abdominoplasties. Copper, aluminum, glass, and Plexiglass heat-conducting templates were tested against no template (air) with both lasers. Histological samples were evaluated using computerized morphometrics analysis. Statistically significant reductions in lateral thermal damage were seen with the copper (50%) and aluminum (39%) templates used with the c.w. CO(2) laser. Only the copper template (39%) significantly reduced thermal damage when used with the pulsed CO(2) laser. Less thermal damage was seen using the pulsed CO(2) laser compared to the c.w. CO(2) laser with each template. Heat-conducting templates significantly reduced the amount of lateral thermal damage when used with the c.w. CO(2) laser (copper and aluminum) and short-pulsed CO(2) laser (copper). The c.w. CO(2) laser with the copper template compared favorably to the short-pulsed CO(2) laser without a template. Therefore, both heat conductive templates and short-pulse structure provide successful methods for reducing lateral thermal damage, and a combination of the two appears to provide optimal results.

  9. Comparison of laparoscopic peritoneal vaginoplasty and sigmoid colon vaginoplasty performed during radical surgery for primary vaginal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Fengqiu; Zhao, Weidong; Chen, Gang; Zhang, Aijun; Sun, Fanglin; Hu, Weiping; Ling, Bin

    2014-09-30

    Radical surgery of primary vaginal carcinoma typically involves partial or complete resection of the vagina, and young patients in particular can experience sexual dysfunction after surgery. Vaginoplasty is mandatory for this population, multiple vaginal reconstructive techniques have been reported. Here we attempted to determine whether the peritoneum is a feasible alternative to the sigmoid colon in vaginoplasty performed during radical surgery. Between February 2005 and July 2009, 12 patients underwent radical surgery for Federation of International Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage I primary vaginal carcinoma in the upper one-third of the vagina. To retain a sex life, the patients received vaginoplasty either with the peritoneum (peritoneal group, 5 patients) or with the sigmoid colon (sigmoid group, 7 patients) during radical surgery. Surgeries were performed at the Anhui Provincial Hospital in China. The data between the two groups was retrospectively analyzed. The operating time was shorter for the peritoneal group than for the sigmoid group (Pvaginas between the two groups during surgery (P>0.05). No metastasis or operation-related complications were observed in any of the patients. Six months after surgery, the neo-vaginas of both groups were smooth, soft, and moist. The neo-vaginas in the sigmoid group were similar in size during and 6 months after surgery. The neo-vaginas in the peritoneal group were shorter (although no less wide) 6 months after surgery (Pvaginas of the peritoneal group, and intestinalization in the neo-vaginas of the sigmoid group. At the 36-month follow-up, all patients were clinically free of disease. Laparoscopic vaginoplasty using the peritoneum compared with using the sigmoid colon is simpler and more feasible for management of Stage I primary vaginal carcinoma. Its benefits include shorter operating time, no bowel disturbance, and production of a hygienic vaginal environment, as well as a potential sex life and oncologic outcome

  10. Comparison Between Marital Satisfaction and Self-Esteem Before and After Bariatric Surgery in Patients With Obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghanbari Jolfaei, Atefeh; Lotfi, Tahereh; Pazouki, Abdolreza; Mazaheri Meybod, Azadeh; Soheilipour, Fahimeh; Jesmi, Fatemeh

    2016-09-01

    Obesity is one of the most common chronic diseases with important medical effects, as well as mental and social health problems. Bariatric surgery is one of the most effective treatments of morbid obesity. Because of the possible psychological changes, and its effects on weight loss after surgery, the current study aimed to compare marital satisfaction and self-confidence in patients with obesity before and after bariatric surgery in Rasoul-e-Akram hospital in 2013. This prospective observational study was conducted on 69 candidates for bariatric surgery. Marital satisfaction and self-confidence were assessed before and six months after the surgery by Enrich marital satisfaction scale and Coopersmith self-esteem inventory. Descriptive statistics and T-tests were utilized to analyze data. Values of P ≤ 0.01 were considered statistically significant. Despite the improvement of sexual relationship, marital satisfaction scores significantly decreased from141.26 ± 12.75 to 139.42 ± 12.52 six months after the surgery (P = 0.002). Satisfaction in scales of conflict resolution and communication showed a descending pattern (P self-esteem before and after the surgery (P = 0.321). Weight loss after bariatric surgery did not improve self-esteem and marital satisfaction six months post operatively; therefore, psychiatric assessment of patients before and after the surgery is crucial; since even if they are not associated with prognosis of the surgery, it is important to provide treatment for psychiatric problems. Prospective studies are recommended to assess post-operative changes of other psychological aspects.

  11. Comparison of minimally invasive spine surgery using intraoperative computed tomography integrated navigation, fluoroscopy, and conventional open surgery for lumbar spondylolisthesis: a prospective registry-based cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Meng-Huang; Dubey, Navneet Kumar; Li, Yen-Yao; Lee, Ching-Yu; Cheng, Chin-Chang; Shi, Chung-Sheng; Huang, Tsung-Jen

    2017-08-01

    To date, the surgical approaches for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis by transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) using minimally invasive spine surgery assisted with intraoperative computed tomography image-integrated navigation (MISS-iCT), fluoroscopy (MISS-FS), and conventional open surgery (OS) are debatable. This study compared TLIF using MISS-iCT, MISS-FS, and OS for treatment of one-level lumbar spondylolisthesis. This is a prospective, registry-based cohort study that compared surgical approaches for patients who underwent surgical treatment for one-level lumbar spondylolisthesis. One hundred twenty-four patients from January 2010 to March 2012 in a medical center were recruited. The outcome measures were clinical assessments, including Short-Form 12, visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index, Core Outcome Measurement Index, and patient satisfaction, and blood loss, hospital stay, operation time, postoperative pedicle screw accuracy, and superior-level facet violation. All surgeries were performed by two senior surgeons together. Ninety-nine patients (40M, 59F) who had at least 2 years' follow-up were divided into three groups according to the operation methods: MISS-iCT (N=24), MISS-FS (N=23), and OS (N=52) groups. Charts and surgical records along with postoperative CT images were assessed. MISS-iCT and MISS-FS demonstrated a significantly lowered blood loss and hospital stay compared with OS group (p2 mm) was found. However, a lower superior-level facet violation rate was observed in the MISS-iCT and OS groups (p=.049). MISS-iCT TLIF demonstrated reduced operation time, blood loss, superior-level facet violation, hospital stay, and improved functional outcomes compared with the MISS-FS and OS approaches. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Metabolic Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Schauer, Philip R; Kaplan, Lee M

    2018-01-01

    The alarming rise in the worldwide prevalence of obesity is paralleled by an increasing burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metabolic surgery is the most effective means of obtaining substantial and durable weight loss in individuals with obesity. Randomized trials have recently shown the superio......The alarming rise in the worldwide prevalence of obesity is paralleled by an increasing burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metabolic surgery is the most effective means of obtaining substantial and durable weight loss in individuals with obesity. Randomized trials have recently shown...... the superiority of surgery over medical treatment alone in achieving improved glycemic control, as well as a reduction in cardiovascular risk factors. The mechanisms seem to extend beyond the magnitude of weight loss alone and include improvements in incretin profiles, insulin secretion, and insulin sensitivity...

  13. Repetitive endoscopic sinus surgery failure: a role for radical surgery?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Videler, Ward J. M.; Wreesmann, Volkert B.; van der Meulen, Freerk W.; Knegt, Paul P.; Fokkens, Wytske J.

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is considered to be the golden standard for surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis. However, there is still a small group of patients unresponsive despite repetitive surgery. Radical surgery aimed at reduction of the

  14. Chemical reduction of the elastic properties of zeolites: a comparison of the formation of carbonate species versus dealumination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryukhanov, I A; Rybakov, A A; Kovalev, V L; Larin, A V; Zhidomirov, G M

    2015-02-14

    The decrease in elastic moduli (Young's, bulk, and shear modulus), the variations in their asymmetries, the Poisson's ratio and the linear compressibility due to carbonate formation in NaX, have been compared to those produced by dealumination of the zeolite HY framework, from the Al-Si-Al fragment positioned in joined 4R rings. All these systems have been considered at the density functional theory (DFT) level using periodic boundary conditions. The representativeness of the models has been checked by comparison of the calculated IR spectra of carbonate and hydrocarbonate species in NaX and of hydroxyl groups in HY with the experimental equivalents. The correlation between the destabilization energy of the systems and the displacement of Na or K cations coordinated to the carbonate or hydrocarbonate species, expressed in terms of Me-O bond elongation, has been confirmed for either one or two carbonate and hydrocarbonate species per unit cell (UC). Finally, a similar reduction in elasticity in FAU zeolites has been observed, due either to carbonate/bicarbonate formation in NaX or as a step in HY dealumination.

  15. Comparison of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy and Open Lumbar Surgery for Adjacent Segment Degeneration and Recurrent Disc Herniation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huan-Chieh Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The goal of the present study was to examine the clinical results of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD and open lumbar surgery for patients with adjacent segment degeneration (ASD and recurrence of disc herniation. Methods. From December 2011 to November 2013, we collected forty-three patients who underwent repeated lumbar surgery. These patients, either received PELD (18 patients or repeated open lumbar surgery (25 patients, due to ASD or recurrence of disc herniation at L3-4, L4-5, or L5-S1 level, were assigned to different groups according to the surgical approaches. Clinical data were assessed and compared. Results. Mean blood loss was significantly less in the PELD group as compared to the open lumbar surgery group P<0.0001. Hospital stay and mean operating time were shorter significantly in the PELD group as compared to the open lumbar surgery group P<0.0001. Immediate postoperative pain improvement in VAS was 3.5 in the PELD group and −0.56 in the open lumbar surgery group P<0.0001. Conclusion. For ASD and recurrent lumbar disc herniation, PELD had more advantages over open lumbar surgery in terms of reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, operating time, fewer complications, and less postoperative discomfort.

  16. Comparison of the efficacy of chlorhexidine gluconate versus povidone iodine as preoperative skin preparation for the prevention of surgical site infections in clean-contaminated upper abdominal surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivas, Anirudh; Kaman, Lileswar; Raj, Prithivi; Gautam, Vikas; Dahiya, Divya; Singh, Gurpreet; Singh, Rajinder; Medhi, Bikash

    2015-11-01

    To compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine-gluconate versus povidone iodine in preoperative skin preparation in the prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs) in clean-contaminated upper abdominal surgeries. This was a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted on patients undergoing clean-contaminated upper abdominal surgeries. A total of 351 patients 18-70 years old were randomized into two groups; chlorhexidine and povidone iodine skin preparation before surgery. The incidence of SSIs in the chlorhexidine group was 10.8 %, in comparison to 17.9 % in the povidone iodine group. The odds ratio was 0.6 in favor of chlorhexidine use, but the results were not statistically significant (P = 0.06). In the first postoperative week, SSIs developed in 7 % of patients in the chlorhexidine group and 14.1 % in the povidone iodine group (P = 0.03), and in the second postoperative week, SSIs were present in 4.1 % of the patients in the chlorhexidine group and 4.4 % in the povidone iodine group, which was not statistically significant (P = 0.88). The incidence of SSIs after clean-contaminated upper abdominal surgeries was lower with the use of chlorhexidine skin preparation than with povidone iodine preparation, although the results were not statistically significant. However, the odds ratio between the two groups favored the use of chlorhexidine over povidone iodine for preventing SSIs.

  17. The comparison of severity and prevalence of major depressive disorder, general anxiety disorder and eating disorders before and after bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matini, Diana; Ghanbari Jolfaei, Atefeh; Pazouki, Abdolreza; Pishgahroudsari, Mohadeseh; Ehtesham, Mehdi

    2014-01-01

    Severe obesity is highly co-morbid with psychiatric disorders and may have effect on the quality of life. This study aimed to compare severity and prevalence rate of depression, anxiety and eating disorders and quality of life in severe obese patients before and 6 months after the gastric bypass surgery. This was a prospective observational study which conducted at Hazarat Rasool-Akram Hospital in Tehran, 2012. Questionnaires included demographic questions, eating disorder Inventory (EDI), The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) for quality of life, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I disorders (SCID-I) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) and anxiety (HRSA). Participants were interviewed two times, before surgery and six months after, to determine changes of the disorders. Patients with the history of bariatric surgery, individuals younger than 18 year old and those who disagreed to join the study were excluded. In assessing the eating disorder inventory-3rd version (EDI-3), Significant reduction in drive for thinness (DT) (p= 0.010), bulimia (B) (pdepression in HRSD (p= 0.311), prevalence of depression (p= 0.189) and prevalence of general anxiety disorder according to SCID (p=0.167) did not differ significantly, at this period. Although weight loss after bariatric surgery improved the physical component of quality of life, this improvement did not affect the mental aspect of life, depression and anxiety and it seems that these psychopathologies need attention and treatment in addition to weight loss treatments in patients with obesity.

  18. A Comparison of Clinical Outcomes After Unilateral or Bilateral Hip Arthroscopic Surgery: Age- and Sex-Matched Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhns, Benjamin D; Hannon, Charles P; Makhni, Eric C; Alter, Jennifer; Mather, Richard C; Salata, Michael J; Nho, Shane J

    2017-11-01

    A significant number of patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) have bilateral deformities and may require surgery for both hips. To compare outcomes between patients who underwent bilateral hip arthroscopic surgery to a matched cohort of patients who underwent unilateral hip arthroscopic surgery. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. A consecutive series of patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopic surgery for FAI by a single fellowship-trained surgeon from January 2012 to January 2014 and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years were evaluated. Patients who underwent staged bilateral hip arthroscopic surgery were identified and matched 1:2 to patients who underwent unilateral hip arthroscopic surgery based on age, sex, and body mass index (BMI). Demographic, preoperative, and postoperative variables were compared between the groups. Forty-three patients in the bilateral group were matched with 86 patients in the unilateral group based on sex (24 female [56%] vs 48 female [56%], respectively; P > .99), age (28.6 ± 10.8 years vs 28.9 ± 10.8 years, respectively; P = .88), and BMI (24.8 ± 5.8 kg/m2 vs 24.8 ± 4.0 kg/m2, respectively; P = .98). There were no significant preoperative demographic or radiographic differences between the groups. Both groups demonstrated significant preoperative to postoperative improvements in the Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living (HOS-ADL), Hip Outcome Score-Sports Subscale (HOS-SS), and modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) ( P arthroscopic surgery had less improvement in mHHS and pain scores. Sixty-five (76%) patients in the unilateral group achieved the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for the mHHS compared with 21 (49%) in the bilateral group ( P = .03), while 64 (74%) patients achieved the patient acceptable symptomatic state (PASS) for the mHHS compared with 22 (51%) in the bilateral group ( P = .02). Patients in the bilateral group with greater than 10 months between

  19. A comparison of unilateral laminectomy with bilateral decompression and fusion surgery in the treatment of grade I lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jin Hoon; Hyun, Seung-Jae; Roh, Sung Woo; Rhim, Seung Chul

    2012-07-01

    Although unilateral laminectomy and bilateral decompression (ULBD) is effective in the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DSPL), few reports have compared the outcomes of ULBD and instrumented fusion for the treatment of DSPL. We describe here the clinical and radiological outcomes of ULBD and instrumented fusion surgery for the treatment of DSPL after a minimum 3-year follow-up. We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 47 DSPL patients with radicular pain who underwent ULBD or instrumented fusion between January 2005 and December 2007. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the numeric rating scale (NRS) for back and leg pain, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Radiological outcomes of ULBD were analyzed by determining changes in slippage, disc height translation, and angular difference on simple and dynamic X-rays. The mean NRS of back pain showed a significantly greater decrease in the fusion than the ULBD group, whereas the mean NRS of leg pain, mean ODI, and mean physical component summary and mental component summary of the SF-36 decreased similarly in the ULBD and fusion groups. Radiologically, the ULBD group showed a 2.1 ± 3.10% change in mean slippage, a 0.15 ± 1.58 mm change in mean translation, a -0.91 ± 4.48° change in mean angular difference, and a -1.83 ± 1.69 mm change in mean disc height. In the ULBD group, three patients had residual pain and three had recurrent pain. In comparison, no patient in the fusion group reported residual pain, whereas five patients experienced recurrent radicular pain caused by adjacent segmental disease. Our findings suggest that ULBD is the recommendable procedure for the treatment of patients with grade I DSPL who have mainly radicular pain. Although the two groups showed similar clinical outcomes overall, radiological degeneration was not as serious after ULBD treatment. In our analysis, foraminal stenosis is a contraindication for ULBD in

  20. Early inflammatory response following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A comparison between endovascular procedure and conventional, open surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjanović Ivan

    2011-01-01

    . The study showed a statistically significantly shorter time of treatment in the EVAR group (average 90 min compared to the OR group (average 136 min. Also, there was a statistically significantly less blood loss in the patients operated on by the use of EVAR surgery (average 60 mL as compared to the patients treated with OR techinique (average 495 mL, as well as a shorter postoperative hospitalization of patients in the EVAR group (average 4 days compared to the OR group (average 8 days. The OR group was detected with a statistically significant increase of leucocytes and statistically significant fall of the number of thrombocytes in comparison with the EVAR group in all the investigated terms. A significant concentration rise of IL-2 in the OR group and concentration rise of IL-6 in the EVAR group was shown 24 hours after the procedure, whereas on the second postoperative day there was detected a significant fall of IL-6 in the EVAR group. IL-4 concentration in the OR group was significantly higher as of the third postoperative day in comparison to the EVAR group. There was no significant difference in IL-10 concentration between the groups. Conclusion. The EVAR techinique is a safer and less invasive and less traumatic procedure for patients than the OR of AAA. Following the EVAR, there are less inflammatory reactions in the early postoperative periodas compared to the OR and therefore less possibility of the development of systemic inflammatory respons syndrome in patients treated.

  1. Comparison of the quality of life for spectacle wearers and contact lens wearers before and after refractive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Chen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To compare the difference of the quality of life(QOLof spectacle wearers or contact lens wearers before and after refractive surgery by the quality of life impact of refractive correction(QIRC. METHODS:Totally 72 cases were enrolled in the investigation with 50 spectacle wearers and 22 contact lens wearers. The QOL of them were surveyed by Chinese QIRC before surgery and 3 months later after surgery. RESULTS: 1. The QOL scores(42.29±4.90 in post-operation vs 39.30±5.16 in pre-operationand satisfaction scores(86.51±9.14 in post-operation vs 71.58±13.24 in pre-operationof spectacle wearers were higher after surgery more than before, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.01. The vision and physical functioning(P<0.05, driving and activity in night(

  2. A Comparison of Training Experience, Training Satisfaction, and Job Search Experiences between Integrated Vascular Surgery Residency and Traditional Vascular Surgery Fellowship Graduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colvard, Benjamin; Shames, Murray; Schanzer, Andres; Rectenwald, John; Chaer, Rabih; Lee, Jason T

    2015-10-01

    The first 2 integrated vascular residents in the United States graduated in 2012, and in 2013, 11 more entered the job market. The purpose of this study was to compare the job search experiences of the first cohort of integrated 0 + 5 graduates to their counterparts completing traditional 5 + 2 fellowship programs. An anonymous, Web-based, 15-question survey was sent to all 11 graduating integrated residents in 2013 and to the 25 corresponding 5 + 2 graduating fellows within the same institution. Questions focused on the following domains: training experience, job search timelines and outcomes, and overall satisfaction with each training paradigm. Survey response was nearly 81% for the 0 + 5 graduates and 64% for the 5 + 2 graduates. Overall, there was no significant difference between residents and fellows in the operative experience obtained as measured by the number of open and endovascular cases logged. Dedicated research time during the entire training period was similar between residents and fellows. Nearly all graduates were extremely satisfied with their training and had positive experiences during their job searches with respect to starting salaries, numbers of offers, and desired practice type. More 0 + 5 residents chose academic and mixed practices over private practices compared with 5 + 2 fellowship graduates. Although longer term data are needed to understand the impact of the addition of 0 + 5 graduating residents to the vascular surgery work force, preliminary survey results suggest that both training paradigms (0 + 5 and 5 + 2) provide positive training experiences that result in excellent job search experiences. Based on the current and future need for vascular surgeons in the work force, the continued growth and expansion of integrated 0 + 5 vascular surgery residency positions as an alternative to traditional fellowship training is thus far justified. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Concurrent bariatric surgery and paraesophageal hernia repair: comparison of sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shada, Amber L; Stem, Miloslawa; Funk, Luke M; Greenberg, Jacob A; Lidor, Anne O

    2017-07-29

    Paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is a common condition that bariatric surgeons encounter. Expert opinion is split on whether bariatric surgery and PEH repair should be completed concurrently or sequentially. We hypothesized that concurrent bariatric surgery and PEH repair is safe. We examined 30-day outcomes after concomitant PEH repair and bariatric surgery. National database, United States. Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2011-2014), we identified patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) with or without PEH repair. A propensity score-matching algorithm was used to compare patients who underwent either LRYGB or LSG with PEH repair. The primary outcome was overall morbidity. Secondary outcomes included mortality, serious morbidity, readmission, and reoperation. Of the 76,343 patients in this study, 5958 (7.80%) underwent PEH repair concurrently with bariatric surgery. The frequency of bariatric operations that included PEH repair increased over time (2.14% in 2010 versus 12.17% in 2014, Pbariatric surgery does not appear to be associated with increased morbidity or mortality. A concurrent approach to treat patients with severe obesity and PEH appears safe. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. All rights reserved.

  4. Comparison of nylon monofilament suture and polytetrafluoroethylene sheet for frontalis suspension surgery in eyes with congenital ptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Kengo; Katori, Nobutada; Kasai, Kenichiro; Kamisasanuki, Taro; Kokubo, Kenichi; Ohno-Matsui, Kyoko

    2013-04-01

    To compare nylon monofilament suture with polytetrafluoroethylene sheet for frontalis suspension surgery to treat eyes with congenital ptosis. Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative, interventional case series. We reviewed the medical records of 49 patients who had undergone 79 eyelid frontalis suspension surgeries to treat congenital ptosis. All of the patients were younger than 16 years and had congenital ptosis with poor levator muscle function. They were treated with frontalis suspension surgery with either a nylon suture or a polytetrafluoroethylene sheet and were followed up for at least 1 year. A single rhomboid loop sling was used for the nylon suture surgery. For the polytetrafluoroethylene sheet, an incision was made in the eyelid crease, and one end of the sheet was fixed to the tarsus and the other was fixed to the frontalis muscle. The main outcome measures were postoperative recurrences and complications. We evaluated 37 eyelids of 25 patients after nylon suture surgery and 42 eyelids of 31 patients after polytetrafluoroethylene sheet surgery. Among these, 9 eyelids of 7 patients were included in both groups. The median postoperative follow-up period was 32 months in both groups. The recurrence rates were 62.2% for the nylon suture group and 0% for the polytetrafluoroethylene sheet group (P nylon suture group and 7.1% for the polytetrafluoroethylene sheet group (P > .05). Frontalis suspension using a polytetrafluoroethylene sheet with direct tarsus and frontalis muscle fixation is a reasonable technique with low rates of recurrences and complications. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Comparison of surgical skills in laparoscopic and robotic tasks between experienced surgeons and novices in laparoscopic surgery: an experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hye Jin; Choi, Gyu-Seog; Park, Jun Seok; Park, Soo Yeun

    2014-04-01

    Robotic surgery is known to provide an improved technical ability as compared to laparoscopic surgery. We aimed to compare the efficiency of surgical skills by performing the same experimental tasks using both laparoscopic and robotic systems in an attempt to determine if a robotic system has an advantage over laparoscopic system. Twenty participants without any robotic experience, 10 laparoscopic novices (LN: medical students) and 10 laparoscopically-experienced surgeons (LE: surgical trainees and fellows), performed 3 laparoscopic and robotic training-box-based tasks. This entire set of tasks was performed twice. Compared with LN, LEs showed significantly better performances in all laparoscopic tasks and in robotic task 3 during the 2 trials. Within the LN group, better performances were shown in all robotic tasks compared with the same laparoscopic tasks. However, in the LE group, compared with the same laparoscopic tasks, significantly better performance was seen only in robotic task 1. When we compared the 2 sets of trials, in the second trial, LN showed better performances in laparoscopic task 2 and robotic task 3; LE showed significantly better performance only in robotic task 3. Robotic surgery had better performance than laparoscopic surgery in all tasks during the two trials. However, these results were more noticeable for LN. These results suggest that robotic surgery can be easily learned without laparoscopic experience because of its technical advantages. However, further experimental trials are needed to investigate the advantages of robotic surgery in more detail.

  6. A six year head-to-head comparison of osteopathic and allopathic applicants to a university-based, allopathic general surgery residency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlitzkus, Lisa L; Clark, Christopher J; Agle, Steven C; Schenarts, Paul J

    2012-01-01

    The number of osteopathic physicians is increasing as is the number applying to allopathic general surgery residency programs. A lack of knowledge of osteopathic schooling leads to a potential applicant bias in favor of allopathic applicants, but the 2 groups have not been compared head to head. Applications over a 6-year period to an allopathic general surgery residency program were reviewed. Demographics, examination scores, employment, education, and research experience were catalogued into a database. Allopathic applicants were compared with osteopathic applicants utilizing statistical analysis. A university teaching hospital. Allopathic and osteopathic applicants to an allopathic general surgery residency program. A total of 1290 applications were reviewed; 1155 allopathic and 135 osteopathic applications. Other than race, the 2 cohorts are similar in age, gender, and citizenship. The groups are not significantly different with regard to the number of letter of recommendations, volunteer activities, scholarly works, and advanced degrees. Graduates of both proceed directly to residency. A significantly higher percentage of allopathic graduates reported their United States medical licensing examination (USMLE) scores, yet when osteopaths released their USMLE transcript, they scored significantly higher on the USMLE Step 1 examination and required fewer attempts to pass. These differences do not apply to the USMLE Step 2 examination. No single screening tool exists for selecting a successful general surgery resident. We are seeing increased numbers of osteopathic applicants. Many criteria used to evaluate applicants do not apply to osteopathic applicants, but our comparison of common selection variables on the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) application did not demonstrate an overall difference. While our analysis demonstrated a statistically higher USMLE Step 1 score by osteopathic applicants, they may only self-report favorable data. Copyright

  7. Comparison of Cobra perilaryngeal airway (CobraPLA TM with flexible laryngeal mask airway in terms of device stability and ventilation characteristics in pediatric ophthalmic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rani A Sunder

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Supraglottic airway devices play an important role in ophthalmic surgery. The flexible laryngeal mask airway (LMA TM is generally the preferred airway device. However, there are no studies comparing it with the Cobra perilaryngeal airway (CobraPLA TM in pediatric ophthalmic procedures. Aims: To analyze the intraoperative device stability and ability to maintain normocarbia of CobraPLA TM and compare it to that with flexible LMA TM . Materials and Methods: Ninety children of American Society for Anesthesiologists physical status 1 and 2, aged 3-15 years scheduled for elective ophthalmic surgeries were randomly assigned to either the CobraPLA TM or the flexible LMA TM group. After placement of each airway device, oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP was noted. Adequate seal of the devices was confirmed at an inspired pressure of 15 cm H 2 O and pressure-controlled ventilation was initiated. Device displacement was diagnosed if there was a change in capnograph waveform, audible or palpable gas leak, change in expired tidal volume to 6 kPa, or need to increase inspired pressure to >18 cm H 2 O to maintain normocarbia. Results: Demographic data, duration, and type of surgery in both the groups were similar. A higher incidence of intraoperative device displacement was noted with the CobraPLA TM in comparison to flexible LMA TM (P < 0.001. Incidence of displacement was higher in strabismus surgery (7/12. Insertion characteristics and ventilation parameters were comparable. The OLP was significantly higher in CobraPLA TM group (28 ± 6.8 cm H 2 O compared to the flexible LMA TM group (19.9 ± 4.5 cm H 2 O (P < 0.001. Higher surgeon dissatisfaction (65.9% was seen in the CobraPLA TM group. Conclusion: The high incidence of device displacement and surgeon dissatisfaction make CobraPLA TM a less favorable option than flexible LMA TM in ophthalmic surgery.

  8. A matched cohort comparison of mTHPC-mediated photodynamic therapy and trans-oral surgery of early stage oral cavity squamous cell cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakullukcu, Baris; Stoker, Sharon D; Wildeman, Anne P E; Copper, Marcel P; Wildeman, Maarten A; Tan, I Bing

    2013-03-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of early stage oral cavity tumors have been thoroughly reported. However, statistical comparison of PDT to the surgical treatment is not available in published literature. We have identified and matched cohorts of patients with early stage oral cavity cancers undergoing surgery (n = 43) and PDT (n = 55) from a single institute experience. The groups are matched demographically and had the same pre-treatment screening and follow-up schedule. Both groups consisted only of tumors thinner than 5 mm to ensure comparability. The endpoints were local disease free survival, disease free survival, overall survival and response to initial treatment. Local disease free survival at 5 years were 67 and 74 % for PDT and surgery groups, respectively [univariate HR = 1.9 (p = 0.26), multivariable HR = 2.7 (p = 0.13)]. Disease free survival at 5 years are 47 and 53 % for PDT and surgery groups, respectively [univariate HR = 0.8 (p = 0.52), multivariable HR = 0.75 (p = 0.45)]. Overall survival was 83 and 75 % for PDT and surgery groups, respectively [(univariate HR = 0.5 (p = 0.19), multivariable HR = 0.5 (p = 0.17)]. In the PDT group, six patients (11 %) and in the surgery group 11 patients (26 %) had to receive additional treatments after the initial. All of the tested parameters did not have statistical significant difference. Although there is probably a selection bias due to the non-randomized design, this study shows that PDT of early stage oral cavity cancer is comparable in terms of disease control and survival to trans-oral resection and can be offered as an alternative to surgical treatment.

  9. Comparison of Internal Medicine and General Surgery Residents' Assessments of Risk of Postsurgical Complications in Surgically Complex Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, James M; Davis, Kimberly A; Pei, Kevin Y

    2017-10-11

    Anticipating postsurgical complications is a vital physician skill, particularly when counseling surgically complex patients on their risks of intervention. Although internists and surgeons both counsel patients on surgical risks, it is uncertain who is better equipped to accurately anticipate surgical complications. To examine how internal medicine and general surgery trainees compare in their assessment of risk of surgically complex patients. General surgery and internal medicine residents (urban, tertiary, and academic medical center) answered an anonymous, online assessment of 7 real-life, complex clinical scenarios. Participants estimated the chance of any morbidity, mortality, surgical site infection, pneumonia, and cardiac complications. Scenarios represented a diverse general surgery practice, including colectomy, duodenal ulcer repair, inguinal hernia repair, perforated viscus exploration, small-bowel resection, cholecystectomy, and mastectomy in surgically complex patients likely to be comanaged by surgical and internal medicine services. Responses were compared with risk-adjusted outcomes reported by the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) online calculator. A total of 76 general surgery residents (50 [65.8%] male and 26 [34.2%] female) and 76 internal medicine residents (36 [47.4%] male and 40 [52.6%] female) participated (64% overall response rate). General surgery residents were significantly more confident with their responses (general surgery residents' mean response, 3.6 [95% CI, 3.4-2.8]; internal medicine residents' mean response, 2.8 [95% CI, 2.6-3.0]; P surgery residents' mean response, 4.3 [95% CI, 4.1-4.4]; internal medicine residents' mean response, 3.7 [95% CI, 3.4-3.9]; P = .006) but less likely to discuss code status (general surgery residents' mean response, 3.2 [95% CI, 2.9-3.4]; internal medicine residents' mean response, 3.8 [95% CI, 3.5-4.1]; P surgery residents' mean response

  10. Bariatric Surgery or Non-Surgical Weight Loss for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea? A Systematic Review and Comparison of Meta-analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashrafian, Hutan; Toma, Tania; Rowland, Simon P; Harling, Leanne; Tan, Alan; Efthimiou, Evangelos; Darzi, Ara; Athanasiou, Thanos

    2015-07-01

    Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a well-recognised complication of obesity. Non-surgical weight loss (medical, behavioural and lifestyle interventions) may improve OSA outcomes, although long-term weight control remains challenging. Bariatric surgery offers a successful strategy for long-term weight loss and symptom resolution. To comparatively appraise bariatric surgery vs. non-surgical weight loss interventions in OSA treatment utilising body mass index (BMI) and apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) as objective measures of weight loss and apnoea severity. A systematic literature review revealed 19 surgical (n = 525) and 20 non-surgical (n = 825) studies reporting the primary endpoints of BMI and AHI before and after intervention. Data were meta-analysed using random effects modelling. Subgroup analysis, quality scoring and risk of bias were assessed. Surgical patients had a mean pre-intervention BMI of 51.3 and achieved a significant 14 kg/m(2) weighted decrease in BMI (95%CI [11.91, 16.44]), with a 29/h weighted decrease in AHI (95%CI [22.41, 36.74]). Non-surgical patients had a mean pre-intervention BMI of 38.3 and achieved a significant weighted decrease in BMI of 3.1 kg/m(2) (95%CI [2.42, 3.79]), with a weighted decrease in AHI of 11/h (95%CI [7.81, 14.98]). Heterogeneity was high across all outcomes. Both bariatric surgery and non-surgical weight loss may have significant beneficial effects on OSA through BMI and AHI reduction. However, bariatric surgery may offer markedly greater improvement in BMI and AHI than non-surgical alternatives. Future studies must address the lack of randomised controlled and comparative trials in order to confirm the exact relationship between metabolic surgery and non-surgical weight loss interventions in OSA resolution.

  11. Comparison of clinical efficacy among remifentanil, nicardipine, and remifentanil plus nicardipine continuous infusion for hypotensive anesthesia during arthroscopic shoulder surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Joon Yub; Song, Seong Hun; Cho, Jae Ho; Cho, Hyung Rae

    2017-01-01

    Hypotensive anesthesia is crucial during arthroscopic shoulder surgery to reduce bleeding and allow for clear visibility. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of continuous infusion of remifentanil, nicardipine, and remifentanil plus nicardipine to control hypotensive anesthesia in arthroscopic shoulder surgery. For this study, we enrolled 45 consecutive patients who were scheduled to have arthroscopic rotator cuff repair surgery and randomly allocated them into remifentanil (group R, n = 15), nicardipine (group N, n = 15), and remifentanil plus nicardipine (group RN, n = 15) groups. During the surgeries, these drugs were administered with continuous infusion. We analyzed the mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate during surgery, stay time in the recovery room, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, use of antiemetics in the recovery room, and postoperative blood urea nitrogen and creatinine changes. The VAS score in the recovery room was higher for group R (mean 5.6, SD 1.4) than for groups N (mean 3.9, SD 0.9) and RN (mean 4.0, SD 1.1; p = 0.000). There were no statistical differences regarding other clinical variables among the three groups (all p > 0.05) except for MAP at 120 min of surgery between groups N and RN (N: 84.67 (SD 10.7) mmHg, RN: 65.4 (SD 9.2) mmHg, p = 0.027). The continuous infusion of remifentanil plus nicardipine appeared to be advantageous for maintaining hypotensive anesthesia until 120 min of arthroscopic shoulder surgery without rebound pain in a postanesthesia care unit.

  12. Alpha-band activity reflects reduction of mental effort in a comparison task : A source space analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keil, Andreas; Mussweiler, Thomas; Epstude, Kai

    2006-01-01

    Comparison processes contribute to many core phenomena of social cognition research. Whenever humans judge a given target, they rely on comparisons with a pertinent standard. We propose that comparison processes may be so ubiquitous because they reduce mental effort. To investigate this possibility,

  13. Reduction of operator radiation dose by a pelvic lead shield during cardiac catheterization by radial access: comparison with femoral access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Helmut W; von Boetticher, Heiner

    2012-04-01

    This study sought to determine the efficacy of patient pelvic lead shielding for the reduction of operator radiation exposure during cardiac catheterization via the radial access in comparison with the femoral access. Cardiac catheterization via the radial access is associated with significantly increased radiation dose to the patient and the operator. Improvements in radiation protection are needed to minimize this drawback. Pelvic lead shielding has the potential to reduce operator radiation dose. We randomly assigned 210 patients undergoing elective coronary angiography by the same operator to a radial and femoral access with and without pelvic lead shielding of the patient. Operator radiation dose was measured by a radiation dosimeter attached to the outside breast pocket of the lead apron. For radial access, operator dose decreased from 20.9 ± 13.8 μSv to 9.0 ± 5.4 μSv, p lead shielding. For femoral access, it decreased from 15.3 ± 10.4 μSv to 2.9 ± 2.7 μSv, p lead shielding significantly decreased the dose-area product-normalized operator dose (operator dose divided by the dose-area product) by the same amount for radial and femoral access (0.94 ± 0.28 to 0.39 ± 0.19 μSv × Gy(-1) × cm(-2) and 0.70 ± 0.26 to 0.16 ± 0.13 μSv × Gy(-1) × cm(-2), respectively). Pelvic lead shielding is highly effective in reducing operator radiation exposure for radial as well as femoral procedures. However, despite its use, radial access remains associated with a higher operator radiation dose. Copyright © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Comparison of cost-effectiveness and postoperative outcome of device closure and open surgery closure techniques for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Alireza; Sabri, Mohammadreza; Bigdelian, Hamid; Dehghan, Bahar; Gharipour, Mojgan

    2014-01-01

    Various devices have been recently employed for percutaneous closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Although the high effectiveness of device closure techniques has been clearly determined, a few studies have focused on the cost-effectiveness and also postoperative complications of these procedures in comparison with open surgery. The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness of PDA occlusion by Amplatzer and coil device in comparisong with open surgery. In this cross-sectional study, a randomized sample of 201 patients aged 1 month to 16 years (105 patients with device closure and 96 patients with surgical closure) was selected. The ratio of total pulmonary blood flow to total systemic blood flow, the Qp/Qs ratio, was measured using a pulmonary artery catheter. The cost analysis included direct medical care costs associated with device implantation and open surgery, as well as professional fees. All costs were calculated in Iranian Rials and then converted to US dollars. There was no statistical difference in mean Qp/Qs ratio before the procedure between the device closure group and the open surgery group (2.1 ± 0.7 versus 1.7 ± 0.6, P = 0.090). The mean measured costs were overall higher in the device closure group than in open closure group (948.87 ± 548.76 US$ versus 743.70 ± 696.91 US$, P gender (Standardized Beta = 0.160, P = 0.031). PDA closure with the Amplatzer ductal occluder (1053.05 ± 525.73 US$) or with Nit-Occlud coils (PFM) (912.73 ± 565.94 US$, P < 0.001) was more expensive than that via open surgery. However, the Cook detachable spring coils device closure (605.65 ± 194.62 US$, P = 0.650) had a non-significant cost difference with open surgery. No event was observed in the device closure group regarding in-hospital mortality or morbidity; however, in another group, 2 in-hospital deaths occurred, two patients experienced pneumonia and seizure, and one suffered electrolyte abnormalities including

  15. Comparison of postoperative quality of life for patients who undergo atrial myxoma excision with robotically assisted versus conventional surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ming; Yao, Minghui; Wang, Gang; Xiao, Cangsong; Wu, Yang; Zhang, Huajun; Gao, Changqing

    2015-07-01

    Robotically assisted cardiac surgery is an alternative to conventional, open-chest surgery. Although studies have been done on the clinical effect, morbidity, and mortality of robotically assisted atrial myxoma excision, few have addressed surgical outcomes, such as pain, quality of life (QOL), and length of sick leave from work. In this study, our aim was to evaluate these clinical variables among patients after they undergo robotically assisted atrial myxoma excision surgery. Between January 2007 and January 2013, a total of 93 patients underwent either conventional sternotomy or robotically assisted atrial myxoma excision in our unit. The 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Survey was used to assess the clinical outcomes in these patients postoperatively, at day 30 and 6 months. The QOL scores for 7 of 8 variables in the robotically assisted group were significantly higher than those in the conventional group at postoperative day 30 (P myxoma surgery is excellent with the robotically assisted approach, which may enable early return to employment and satisfactory recovery. Copyright © 2015 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Comparison of analgesic efficacy of flupirtine maleate and ibuprofen in gynaecological ambulatory surgeries: A randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanita Ahuja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Flupirtine maleate is a centrally acting, non-opioid analgesic with unique muscle relaxant properties as compared to common analgesics. The aim of this study was to compare post-operative analgesic efficacy of flupirtine maleate and ibuprofen in patients undergoing gynaecological ambulatory surgeries. Methods: This prospective, randomised controlled study was conducted in 60 women of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II, 18-70 years of age and scheduled to undergo gynaecological ambulatory surgeries. The participants were randomised to receive either 100 mg oral flupirtine maleate (group flupirtine, n = 30 or 800 mg oral ibuprofen (group ibuprofen, n = 30, 1 h prior to surgery and then every 8 h for 48 h. Verbal Numerical Rating Scale (VNRS on movement was assessed at 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 h following surgery. Following discharge from hospital, the patients were interviewed telephonically at 12, 24 and 48 h post-operatively. VNRS was statistically analysed using Mann-Whitney test. Results: VNRS on movement was statistically reduced at 2 h after surgery (P = 0.04 in group flupirtine as compared to group ibuprofen. The analgesic efficacy was similar in both the groups at 4, 6, 8, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery. The satisfaction scores at 24 and 48 h post-operatively were superior in group flupirtine as compared to group ibuprofen (P < 0.001. Conclusion: Analgesic efficacy of flupirtine maleate was comparable with ibuprofen in patients in ambulatory gynaecological patients up to 48 h postoperatively with superior satisfaction scores.

  17. Comparison of conjunctival graft thickness after primary and recurrent pterygium surgery: Anterior segment optical coherence tomography study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engin Bilge Ozgurhan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of the following study is to compare the conjunctival graft thickness measured with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT after primary and recurrent pterygium excision. Design: Prospective, interventional and comparative study. Participants: A total of 20 eyes of 20 patients with primary pterygium (primary group and 20 eyes of 20 patients with recurrent pterygium (recurrent group were enrolled. Materials and Methods: All patients underwent pterygium excision with conjunctival autograft transplantation. Conjunctival graft thickness was measured at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery using the Visante-OCT (Carl-Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA, USA. Main outcome measure was the mean conjunctival thickness determined as the mean of three measurements at 1, 2 and 3 mm posterior to the scleral spur. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in age, sex, or laterality between the groups. Mean thickness of the graft in primary and recurrent groups, respectively, was 430 ± 127 μm and 461 ± 178 μm at 1 week after surgery (P = 0.587, 114 ± 19 μm and 162 ± 48 μm at 1 month after surgery (P = 0.001 and 109 ± 15 μm and 107 ± 18 μm at 3 months after surgery (P = 0.726. Conclusion: The findings revealed that conjunctival thickness after primary or recurrent pterygium excision was greatest at 1 week after surgery and continued to decrease for up to 3 months. Mean graft thickness differed significantly between the two groups only at 1 month after surgery.

  18. [Comparison of the "Trigger" tool with the minimum basic data set for detecting adverse events in general surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Zapata, A I; Gutiérrez Samaniego, M; Rodríguez Cuéllar, E; Gómez de la Cámara, A; Ruiz López, P

    Surgery is a high risk for the occurrence of adverse events (AE). The main objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the Trigger tool with the Hospital National Health System registration of Discharges, the minimum basic data set (MBDS), in detecting adverse events in patients admitted to General Surgery and undergoing surgery. Observational and descriptive retrospective study of patients admitted to general surgery of a tertiary hospital, and undergoing surgery in 2012. The identification of adverse events was made by reviewing the medical records, using an adaptation of "Global Trigger Tool" methodology, as well as the (MBDS) registered on the same patients. Once the AE were identified, they were classified according to damage and to the extent to which these could have been avoided. The area under the curve (ROC) were used to determine the discriminatory power of the tools. The Hanley and Mcneil test was used to compare both tools. AE prevalence was 36.8%. The TT detected 89.9% of all AE, while the MBDS detected 28.48%. The TT provides more information on the nature and characteristics of the AE. The area under the curve was 0.89 for the TT and 0.66 for the MBDS. These differences were statistically significant (P<.001). The Trigger tool detects three times more adverse events than the MBDS registry. The prevalence of adverse events in General Surgery is higher than that estimated in other studies. Copyright © 2017 SECA. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. A Comparison of Matched and Unmatched Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Applicants from 2006 to 2014: Data from the National Resident Matching Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrock, John B; Kraeutler, Matthew J; Dayton, Michael R; McCarty, Eric C

    2017-01-04

    The Association of American Medical Colleges publishes residency match data and reports through the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) every year. The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in orthopaedic surgery residency matching data and characteristics of successful applicants to counsel medical students with regard to their chances of matching. The annual reports of the NRMP were searched annually from 2006 to 2014 to determine the number of orthopaedic surgery residency positions available, the number of applicants, and the match rate among applicants. Comparisons were performed between matched applicants and unmatched applicants with regard to the number of contiguous ranks and distinct specialties, United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores, number of research experiences and research products (abstracts, presentations, posters, publications), and proportion of Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA) Honor Medical Society members and students at a top-40, National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded medical school. The number of orthopaedic surgery positions available and number of applicants increased at a mean rate of 9 positions and 65 applicants per year (p = 0.11). The mean number of contiguous ranks for U.S. senior medical students was 11.5 for those who matched and 5.5 for those who did not match (p students at a top-40, NIH-funded medical school (both p experiences and research products, and contiguous ranks. A higher proportion of successful applicants are AOA members and students at a top-40, NIH-funded medical school.

  20. Comparison of options for reduction of noise in the test section of the NASA Langley 4x7m wind tunnel, including reduction of nozzle area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, R. E.

    1984-01-01

    The acoustically significant features of the NASA 4X7m wind tunnel and the Dutch-German DNW low speed tunnel are compared to illustrate the reasons for large differences in background noise in the open jet test sections of the two tunnels. Also introduced is the concept of reducing test section noise levels through fan and turning vane source reductions which can be brought about by reducing the nozzle cross sectional area, and thus the circuit mass flow for a particular exit velocity. The costs and benefits of treating sources, paths, and changing nozzle geometry are reviewed.

  1. Outcome of endodontic surgery: a meta-analysis of the literature--Part 2: Comparison of endodontic microsurgical techniques with and without the use of higher magnification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setzer, Frank C; Kohli, Meetu R; Shah, Sweta B; Karabucak, Bekir; Kim, Syngcuk

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of root-end surgery. It identifies the effect of the surgical operating microscope or the endoscope on the prognosis of endodontic surgery. The specific outcomes of contemporary root-end surgery techniques with microinstruments but only loupes or no visualization aids (contemporary root-end surgery [CRS]) were compared with endodontic microsurgery using the same instruments and materials but with high-power magnification as provided by the surgical operating microscope or the endoscope (endodontic microsurgery [EMS]). The probabilities of success for a comparison of the 2 techniques were determined by means of a meta-analysis and systematic review of the literature. The influence of the tooth type on the outcome was investigated. A comprehensive literature search for longitudinal studies on the outcome of root-end surgery was conducted. Three electronic databases (ie, Medline, Embase, and PubMed) were searched to identify human studies from 1966 up to October 2009 in 5 different languages (ie, English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish). Review articles and relevant articles were searched for cross-references. In addition, 5 dental and medical journals (ie, Journal of Endodontics, International Endodontic Journal, Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontics, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, and International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery) dating back to 1975 were hand searched. Following predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, all articles were screened by 3 independent reviewers (S.B.S., M.R.K., and F.C.S.). Relevant articles were obtained in full-text form, and raw data were extracted independently by each reviewer. After agreement among the reviewers, articles that qualified were assigned to group CRS. Articles belonging to group EMS had already been obtained for part 1 of this meta-analysis. Weighted pooled success rates and a relative risk assessment

  2. COMPARISON OF INTRAOPERATIVE KETAMINE VS. FENTANYL USE DECREASES POSTOPERATIVE OPIOID REQUIREMENTS IN TRAUMA PATIENTS UNDERGOING CERVICAL SPINE SURGERY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkowitz, Aviva C; Ginsburg, Aryeh M; Pesso, Raymond M; Angus, George L D; Kang, Amiee; Ginsburg, Dov B

    2016-02-01

    Postoperative airway compromise following cervical spine surgery is a potentially serious adverse event. Residual effects of anesthesia and perioperative opioids that can cause both sedation and respiratory depression further increase this risk. Ketamine is an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist that provides potent analgesia without noticeable respiratory depression. We investigated whether intraoperative ketamine administration could decrease perioperative opioid requirements in trauma patients undergoing cervical spine surgery. We retrospectively reviewed anesthesia records identifying cervical spine surgeries performed between March 2014 and February 2015. All patients received a balanced anesthetic technique utilizing sevoflurane 0.5 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) and propofol infusion (50-100 mcg/kg/min). For intraoperative analgesia, one group of patients received ketamine (N=25) and a second group received fentanyl (N=27). Cumulative opioid doses in the recovery room and until 24 hours postoperatively were recorded. Fewer patients in the ketamine group (11/25 [44%] vs. 20/27 [74%], respectively; p = 0.03) required analgesics in the recovery room. Additionally, the total cumulative opioid requirements in the ketamine group decreased postoperatively at both 3 and 6 hours (p = 0.01). Ketamine use during cervical spine surgery decreased opioid requirements in both the recovery room and in the first 6 hours postoperatively. This may have the potential to minimize opioid induced respiratory depression in a population at increased risk of airway complications related to the surgical procedure.

  3. Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Unilateral Pedicle Screw Fixation: Comparison between Primary and Revision Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Moo Sung; Kim, Kyung Hyun; Kuh, Sung Uk; Chin, Dong Kyu; Kim, Keun Su; Cho, Yong Eun

    2014-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery with a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) is an important minimally invasive fusion technique for the lumbar spine. Lumbar spine reoperation is challenging and is thought to have greater complication risks. The purpose of this study was to compare MIS TLIF with unilateral screw fixation perioperative results between primary and revision surgeries. This was a prospective study that included 46 patients who underwent MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw. The patients were divided into two groups, primary and revision MIS TLIF, to compare perioperative results and complications. The two groups were similar in age, sex, and level of operation, and were not significantly different in the length of follow-up or clinical results. Although dural tears were more common with the revision group (primary 1; revision 4), operation time, blood loss, total perioperative complication, and fusion rates were not significantly different between the two groups. Both groups showed substantial improvements in VAS and ODI scores one year after surgical treatment. Revision MIS TLIF performed by an experienced surgeon does not necessarily increase the risk of perioperative complication compared with primary surgery. MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw fixation is a valuable option for revision lumbar surgery. PMID:24949483

  4. Quality of life in young patients after bone tumor surgery around the knee joint and comparison with healthy controls.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkering, W.P.; Vliet Vlieland, T.P.M.; Koopman, H.M.; Schaap, G.R.; Schreuder, H.W.B.; Beishuizen, A.; Tissing, W.J.; Hoogerbrugge, P.M.; Anninga, J.K.; Taminiau, A.H.M.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the health related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents after malignant bone tumor surgery of the leg with healthy controls. PROCEDURE: Patients between 8 and 25 years old were cross-sectional recruited. Patients under 16 years of age received

  5. Quality of life in young patients after bone tumor surgery around the knee joint and comparison with healthy controls

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkering, W. Peter; Vliet Vlieland, Theodora P. M.; Koopman, Hendrik M.; Schaap, Gerard R.; Schreuder, H. W. Bart; Beishuizen, Auke; Tissing, Wim J. E.; Hoogerbrugge, Peter M.; Anninga, Jacob K.; Taminiau, Antonie H. M.

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to compare the health related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents after malignant bone tumor surgery of the leg with healthy controls. Patients between 8 and 25 years old were cross-sectional recruited. Patients under 16 years of age received the TNO (Netherlands

  6. Morbidity comparison of Primary and Completion Total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer in relation to the extent of Redo surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misbah Khan

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Analysis of our data suggest that under uniform conditions of tumour stage, surgeon, demographics and T stage, there is no statistically significant difference in post-operative outcomes between primary or completion total thyroidectomy. However, less extensive surgery is associated with a better perioperative outcome.

  7. PONV in Ambulatory surgery: A comparison between Ramosetron and Ondansetron: a prospective, double-blinded, and randomized controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debasis Banerjee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV frequently hampers implementation of ambulatory surgery in spite of so many antiemetic drugs and regimens. Aims: the study was carried out to compare the efficacy of Ramosetron and Ondansetron in preventing PONV after ambulatory surgery. Setting and Design: it was a prospective, double blinded, and randomized controlled study. Methods: 124 adult patients of either sex, aged 25-55, of ASA physical status I and II, scheduled for day care surgery, were randomly allocated into Group A [(n=62 receiving (IV Ondansetron (4 mg] and Group B [(n=62 receiving IV Ramosetron (0.3 mg] prior to the induction of general anesthesia in a double-blind manner. Episodes of PONV were noted at 0.5, 1, 2, 4 h, 6 , 12, and 18 h postoperatively. Statistical Analysis and Results: statistically significant difference between Groups A and B (P <0.05 was found showing that Ramosetron was superior to Ondansetron as antiemetic both regarding frequency and severity. Conclusion: it was evident that preoperative prophylactic administration of single dose IV Ramosetron (0.3 mg has better efficacy than single dose IV Ondansetron (4 mg in reducing the episodes of PONV over 18 h postoperatively in patients undergoing day-care surgery under general anesthesia.

  8. A COMPARISON OF EPIDURAL LEVOBUPIVACAINE 0.5% WITH RACEMIC BUPIVACAINE 0.5% FOR LOWER ABDOMINAL SURGERY

    OpenAIRE

    Shilpashri; Anand

    2015-01-01

    Epidural anaesthesia is one of the regional techniques for lower abdominal , lower limb , pelvic and vascular surgeries where complications are very less compared to spinal anaesthesia. Several central nervous system and cardiovascular adverse reactions have been linked to the R ( +) isomer of bupivacaine , one of the most widely used ...

  9. Detection of sentinel node in gastric cancer surgery by indocyanine green fluorescence imaging: comparison with infrared imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyashiro, Isao; Miyoshi, Norikatsu; Hiratsuka, Masahiro; Kishi, Kentaro; Yamada, Terumasa; Ohue, Masayuki; Ohigashi, Hiroaki; Yano, Masahiko; Ishikawa, Osamu; Imaoka, Shingi

    2008-06-01

    Secure methods for clinical detection of the sentinel node (SN) are in great demand to avoid unnecessary resection. This was a clinical exploration/feasibility study of a novel detection system for SN biopsy using indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging in gastric cancer surgery. SN biopsy using ICG dye was performed in three patients who had gastric cancer. ICG fluorescence images were obtained using a detection system comprising a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera with a cut filter as the detector and light emitting diodes (LED) as the light source. The nodes were also examined simultaneously by an infrared (IR) imaging videoscope. Immediately after intraoperative ICG injection, the fluorescence imaging system allowed easy visualization of the lymphatic vessels draining from the primary gastric tumor toward the lymph nodes and tracing of the moving injected dye. Some lymph vessels and nodes were hardly recognized by ICG green color or IR imaging. The ICG fluorescence system also allowed visualization of the lymph node when ICG was injected the day before surgery, similar to the radio-guided method. Detection of SNs in gastric cancer surgery using the ICG fluorescence imaging system is a promising novel technique and may perhaps prove useful for laparoscopic surgery.

  10. Quality of Life in Young Patients After Bone Tumor Surgery Around the Knee Joint and Comparison With Healthy Controls

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkering, W. Peter; Vlieland, Theodora P. M. Vliet; Koopman, Hendrik M.; Schaap, Gerard R.; Schreuder, H. W. Bart; Beishuizen, Auke; Tissing, Wim J. E.; Hoogerbrugge, Peter M.; Anninga, Jacob K.; Taminiau, Antonie H. M.

    Background. This study aimed to compare the health related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents after malignant bone tumor surgery of the leg with healthy controls. Procedure. Patients between 8 and 25 years old were cross-sectional recruited. Patients under 16 years of age received

  11. Comparison of the myocardial protective effect of sevoflurane versus propofol in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiao-Lin; Wang, Dan; Zhang, Guo-Yuan; Guo, Xiao-Lan

    2017-03-04

    This study aimed to compare myocardial protective effects of anaesthesia with intravenous infusion of propofol versus inhalation of sevoflurane in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Seventy-six patients undergoing valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly assigned to propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia during the surgery, respectively. For assessing myocardial injury, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase isozyme (CK-MB) were determined before induction (T0), 0.5 h (T1) and 3 h (T2) after aortic unclamping, and 24 h (T3) and 48 h (T4) after surgery. The concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 as the systemic inflammatory and anti-inflammatory markers were also measured at above time points. In the sevoflurane group, the plasma concentrations of cTnI and CK-MB from Tl to T4 and the levels of IL-6 and IL-10 from T1 to T2 were lower than those in the propofol group. Moreover, a higher ratio of automatic heart beat recovery and a shorter length of intensive care unit or hospital stay were found in the sevoflurane group comparing with the propofol group. Sevoflurane anaesthesia produced more prominent myocardial protection and attenuated inflammatory response than propofol anaesthesia in patients with valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass, resulting in shorter ICU and in-hospital stay. Identified as ChiCTR-IOR-16009979 at http://www.chictr.org.cn/ .

  12. Psychosocial and Functional Outcomes in Long-Term Survivors of Osteosarcoma: A Comparison of Limb-Salvage Surgery and Amputation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Rhonda S.; Ottaviani, Giulia; Huh, Winston W.; Palla, Shana; Jaffe, Norman

    2009-01-01

    Background Traditionally, physicians have believed that limb-salvage surgery has functional and cosmetic advantages over amputation, yet the literature is equivocal. Therefore, we sought to compare the psychosocial and functional outcomes in osteosarcoma survivors after limb-salvage surgery and amputation. We hypothesized there to be neither psychosocial nor functional outcome differences between groups. Procedure Participants received treatment of extremity osteosarcoma, had received their cancer diagnosis at least 2 years prior, and were at least 16 years old. A comprehensive set of validated psychosocial and functional measures was used to assess outcome. Results Fifty-seven patients participated in this study (33 who underwent limb-salvage surgery and 24 who underwent amputation). Participants had gone 12–24 years since diagnosis and were 16–52 years old at study participation. We used multiple linear regression models to examine differences in quality of life, body image, self-esteem, and social support between the two groups and found no differences. Lower limb function was a significant predictor of quality of life (p amputation, amputation after failed limb salvage, than by those who did not. Conclusions Participants with more functional lower limbs had better quality of life than did those with less functional lower limbs regardless of whether they underwent amputation or limb-salvage surgery. PMID:20135700

  13. Comparison of consumption behavior and appetite sensations among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after bariatric surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chun; Huang, Hsien-Hao; Chen, Shu-Chun; Chen, Tung-Fang

    2017-01-01

    Background The promising postsurgical weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) from bariatric surgery can be attributed to modified eating physiology after surgical procedures. We sought to investigate the changes in the parameters of consumption behaviors and appetite sensations induced by a mixed meal tolerance test, and to correlate these alterations with age, body mass index, C-peptide levels, and duration of T2D 1 year after bariatric surgery. Methods A total of 16 obese patients with T2D who underwent mini-gastric bypass (GB) and 16 patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy (SG) were enrolled in this study and evaluated using a mixed meal tolerance test one year after surgery. A visual analogue scale was used for scoring appetite sensation at different time points. The area under the curve (AUC) and the incremental or decremental AUC (ΔAUC) were compared between the two groups. Results One year after surgery, a decreasing trend in the consumption time was observed in the GB group compared to the SG group, while the duration of T2D before surgery was negatively correlated with the post-operative consumed time in those after GB. Patients who underwent GB had significantly higher fasting scores for fullness and desire to eat, higher AUC0′–180′ of scores for desire to eat, as well as more effective post-meal suppression of hunger and desire to eat compared with those undergoing SG one year after surgery. Post-operative C-peptide levels were negatively correlated with ΔAUC0′–180′ for hunger and ΔAUC0′–180′ for desire to eat in the GB group, while negatively correlated with ΔAUC0′–180′ for fullness in the SG group. Discussion Patients with T2D after either GB or SG exhibit distinct nutrient-induced consumption behaviors and appetite sensations post-operatively, which may account for the differential effects on weight loss and glycemic control after different surgery. PMID:28344903

  14. Comparison of the effects of lavender and diazepam on the anxiety level of patients before orthopedic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad Shahinfar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Waiting for surgery is one of the stressful environmental factors for each patient. The anxiety caused by waiting could have adverse effects on the patient treatment and recovery process. Given the complications caused by the management of anxiety through pharmaceutical methods, the application of complementary medicine is of paramount importance. This study aimed to compare the effects of lavender and diazepam on the anxiety level of the patients before orthopedic surgery. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on the patients undergoing orthopedic surgery, who referred to one of the teaching hospitals of Bojnord, Iran, in 2015. In total, 60 patients were selected through randomized convenience sampling and divided into the intervention and control groups. The intervention group received 300 mg of lavender extract, whereas the control group orally consumed diazepam 5 mg prior to the surgery. The anxiety level of the patients was measured one night and one hour before the surgery using the Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The data analysis was performed in the SPSS version 16, using the paired sample t-test, Fisher’s exact test, Chi-square test, and independent t-test. Results: According to the results of the present study, the mean anxiety level of the intervention group varied from 9.8±6.0 to 76.2±5.5 (P<0.001 after the intervention. On the other hand, the mean anxiety level of the participants of the control group decreased from 100.0±5.5 to 80.0±5.7 (P<0.001. However, this difference was not statistically significant between the two groups. Conclusion: As the findings indicated, similar to diazepam, the lavender can diminish the anxiety level in the patients before the orthopedic surgery. It is recommended to use the lavender before the surgeries to decrease the anxiety level since the herbal medicine is associated with less complications, compared to the diazepam.

  15. Comparison of consumption behavior and appetite sensations among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chun; Huang, Hsien-Hao; Chen, Shu-Chun; Chen, Tung-Fang; Ser, Kong-Han; Chen, Chih-Yen

    2017-01-01

    The promising postsurgical weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) from bariatric surgery can be attributed to modified eating physiology after surgical procedures. We sought to investigate the changes in the parameters of consumption behaviors and appetite sensations induced by a mixed meal tolerance test, and to correlate these alterations with age, body mass index, C-peptide levels, and duration of T2D 1 year after bariatric surgery. A total of 16 obese patients with T2D who underwent mini-gastric bypass (GB) and 16 patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy (SG) were enrolled in this study and evaluated using a mixed meal tolerance test one year after surgery. A visual analogue scale was used for scoring appetite sensation at different time points. The area under the curve (AUC) and the incremental or decremental AUC (ΔAUC) were compared between the two groups. One year after surgery, a decreasing trend in the consumption time was observed in the GB group compared to the SG group, while the duration of T2D before surgery was negatively correlated with the post-operative consumed time in those after GB. Patients who underwent GB had significantly higher fasting scores for fullness and desire to eat, higher AUC 0'-180' of scores for desire to eat, as well as more effective post-meal suppression of hunger and desire to eat compared with those undergoing SG one year after surgery. Post-operative C-peptide levels were negatively correlated with ΔAUC 0'-180' for hunger and ΔAUC 0'-180' for desire to eat in the GB group, while negatively correlated with ΔAUC 0'-180' for fullness in the SG group. Patients with T2D after either GB or SG exhibit distinct nutrient-induced consumption behaviors and appetite sensations post-operatively, which may account for the differential effects on weight loss and glycemic control after different surgery.

  16. Long-term follow-up for bimanual microincision cataract surgery: comparison of results obtained by surgeons in training and experienced surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavallini, Gian Maria; Verdina, Tommaso; Forlini, Matteo; Volante, Veronica; De Maria, Michele; Torlai, Giulio; Benatti, Caterina; Delvecchio, Giancarlo

    2016-01-01

    To determine the efficacy of bimanual microincision cataract surgery (B-MICS) performed by surgeons in training, evaluating clinical results, posterior capsule opacification (PCO) incidence, and clear corneal incision (CCI) architecture in a long-term follow-up and comparing results with those obtained by experienced surgeons. Eighty eyes of 62 patients operated on by three surgeons in training who used B-MICS technique for the first time were included in the study (Group A). Eighty eyes of 59 patients who underwent B-MICS by three experienced surgeons were included as a control group (Group B). Best corrected visual acuity, astigmatism, corneal pachymetry, and endothelial cell count were evaluated before surgery and at 1 month and 18 months after surgery. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images were obtained to study the morphology of CCIs. PCO incidence was evaluated using EPCO2000 software. Out of 160 surgeries included in the study, mean best-corrected visual acuity improvement at 18 months was 0.343±0.246 logMAR for Group A, and 0.388±0.175 logMAR for Group B, respectively. We found no statistically significant induced astigmatism nor corneal pachymetry changes in either group, while we noticed a statistically significant endothelial cell loss postoperatively in both groups (Parchitecture in the 320 CCIs considered, we found posterior wound retractions and endothelial gaps, respectively, 9.8% and 11.6% for Group A and 7.8% and 10.8% for Group B. B-MICS performed by surgeons in training is an effective surgical technique even when assessed after a long-term follow-up. PCO incidence resulted in being higher for less experienced surgeons. Corneal incisions were shorter and less angled in surgeons in training in comparison with results obtained by expert surgeons.

  17. Minimally invasive scoliosis surgery assisted by O-arm navigation for Lenke Type 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a comparison with standard open approach spinal instrumentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Weiguo; Sun, Weixiang; Xu, Leilei; Sun, Xu; Liu, Zhen; Qiu, Yong; Zhu, Zezhang

    2017-04-01

    OBJECTIVE Recently, minimally invasive scoliosis surgery (MISS) was introduced for the correction of adult scoliosis. Multiple benefits including a good deformity correction rate and fewer complications have been demonstrated. However, few studies have reported on the use of MISS for the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcome of posterior MISS assisted by O-arm navigation for the correction of Lenke Type 5C AIS. METHODS The authors searched a database for all patients with AIS who had been treated with either MISS or PSF between November 2012 and January 2014. Levels of fusion, density of implants, operation time, and estimated blood loss (EBL) were recorded. Coronal and sagittal parameters were evaluated before surgery, immediately after surgery, and at the last follow-up. The accuracy of pedicle screw placement was assessed according to postoperative axial CT images in both groups. The 22-item Scoliosis Research Society questionnaire (SRS-22) results and complications were collected during follow-up. RESULTS The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 45 patients with Lenke Type 5C AIS, 15 who underwent posterior MISS under O-arm navigation and 30 who underwent posterior spinal fusion (PSF). The 2 treatment groups were matched in terms of baseline characteristics. Comparison of radiographic parameters revealed no obvious difference between the 2 groups immediately after surgery or at the final follow-up; however, the MISS patients had significantly less EBL (p 5C AIS. Compared with results of the open approach, the outcomes of MISS are promising, with reduced morbidity. Before the routine use of MISS, however, long-term data are needed.

  18. Venous Thromboembolism: A Comparison of Chronic Spinal Cord Injury and General Surgery Patients in a Metropolitan Veterans Affairs Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Ryan M; Rimler, Jonathan; Smith, Brian R; Wirth, Garrett A; Paydar, Keyianoosh Z

    2016-11-01

    Venous thromboembolic events result in significant morbidity, mortality, and costly therapeutic interventions. As medical resource allocation strategies are becoming more pervasive, appropriate risk stratification and prophylactic regimens are essential. Previous studies have shown a decreased incidence of perioperative venous thromboembolism in the chronic spinal cord injury population. The question remains of whether chronic spinal cord injury is protective against venous thromboembolism. A retrospective review of all cases involving chronic spinal cord injury patients who underwent plastic and reconstructive surgery operations (n = 424) and general surgery patients (n = 777) with a primary outcome of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 90 days of surgery was performed. The incidence of postoperative deep venous thrombosis in the control and spinal cord injury groups was 1.7 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively (p = 0.027). However, such significance was not observed with regard to postoperative pulmonary embolism incidence (p = 0.070). Collectively, the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism-specifically, deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism-was significantly greater in the general surgery population (p = 0.014). A nearly 10-fold increased risk of venous thromboembolism was seen among the control group (1.9 percent versus 0.2 percent) despite administration of optimal prophylaxis. This study demonstrates a profoundly low incidence of venous thromboembolism among chronic spinal cord injury patients compared with general surgery patients. Future efforts to elucidate how chronic spinal cord injury confers a protective mechanism may potentially influence the evolution of venous thromboembolism prevention guidelines, and spark the development of alternative prophylactic agents or customized application of prevention efforts.

  19. A quality of life comparison of people wearing spectacles or contact lenses or having undergone refractive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesudovs, Konrad; Garamendi, Estibaliz; Elliott, David B

    2006-01-01

    To demonstrate the use of the Quality of Life Impact of Refractive Correction (QIRC) questionnaire for comparing the quality of life of pre-presbyopic individuals with refractive correction by spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. The 20-item QIRC questionnaire was administered to 104 spectacle wearers, 104 contact lens wearers, and 104 individuals who had undergone refractive surgery (N = 312). These groups were similar for gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and refractive error. The main outcome measure was QIRC overall score (scaled from 0 to 100), a measure of refractive correction related quality of life. Groups were compared for overall QIRC score and on each question by analysis of variance, adjusted for age, with post hoc significance testing (Sheffé). On average, refractive surgery patients scored significantly better (mean QIRC score 50.2 +/- 6.3, F(2,309) = 15.18, P < .001) than contact lens wearers (46.7 +/- 5.5, post hoc P < .001) who were in turn significantly better than spectacle wearers (44.1 +/- 5.9, post hoc P < .01). Convenience questions chiefly drove the differences between groups, although functioning, symptoms, economic concerns, heath concerns, and well being were also important. Spectacle wearers with low strength prescriptions (46.18 +/- 5.05) scored significantly better than those with medium strength prescriptions (42.74 +/- 6.08, F(2,190) = 3.66, P < .05, post hoc P < .05). A small number (n = 7, 6.7%) of refractive surgery patients experienced postoperative complications, which impacted quality of life (37.86 +/- 2.13). Quality of life was lowest in spectacle wearers, particularly those with higher corrections. Contact lens wearers had significantly better QIRC score than spectacle wearers. Refractive surgery patients scored significantly better than both. However, this was accompanied by a small risk of poor quality of life due to postoperative complications. The QIRC is an effective outcome measure for quality of

  20. Comparison between Infusion Pumps: Fentanyl/Ketamine and Fentanyl/Paracetamol in Pain control Following Tight and Leg Surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behnam Mahmoodiyeh

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adjuvants such as ketamine, promethazine and paracetamol could bring up patients satisfaction and control harmful effects of opioids besides lessening their needed doses, as seen by fentanyl/paracetamol and fentanyl/ketamine combination before. The current study headed to compare paracetamol and ketamine in addition to fentanyl applied by infusion pumps in order to pain relief following major surgery.Methods: Through a double blinded randomized clinical trial, patients between18 and 65 with elective surgery for tight or leg fractures with ASA Class 1 and 2 referring to a university hospital in Arak, a town in central region of Iran, were recruited and used infusion pump for their postoperative pain control. The participants were divided into cases and controls regarding using ketamine/fentanyl (KF or paracetamol/fentanyl (PF infusion pumps.Results: The mean pain score was totally 3.87 with higher value in KF (5.06 and lower in PF (4.5 immediately after finishing surgery and getting conscious when started using infusion pump. There was no statistical difference between the groups in this regard. Concerning the side effects of the applied medications, blood pressure and heart rate had no differences comparing the groups.Conclusion: This study showed that paracetamol used in infusion pump can be brilliant in pain control after major surgeries like what done in lower extremities and joint replacement while lessens opioid use. Although paracetamol was more effective than ketamine in the current trial, more qualified studies at bigger size and in other fields of surgery beside orthopedic ones would be useful to support the effects if applicable.Keywords: Infusion pump, Ketamine, Paracetamol, Fentanyl, Postoperative pain

  1. Comparison of Dexmedetomidine and Fentanyl as an Adjuvant to Ropivacaine for Postoperative Epidural Analgesia in Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sang Jun; Shin, Seokyung; Kim, Shin Hyung; Kim, Hyun Woo; Kim, Seung Hyun; Do, Hae Yoon; Choi, Yong Seon

    2017-05-01

    Opioids are commonly used as an epidural adjuvant to local anesthetics, but are associated with potentially serious side effects, such as respiratory depression. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine with that of fentanyl as an adjuvant to epidural ropivacaine in pediatric orthopedic surgery. This study enrolled 60 children (3-12 years old) scheduled for orthopedic surgery of the lower extremities and lumbar epidural patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). Children received either dexmedetomidine (1 μg/kg) or fentanyl (1 μg/kg) along with 0.2% ropivacaine (0.2 mL/kg) via an epidural catheter at 30 minutes before the end of surgery. Postoperatively, the children were observed for ropivacaine consumption via epidural PCA, postoperative pain intensity, need for rescue analgesics, emergence agitation, and other adverse effects. The mean dose of bolus epidural ropivacaine was significantly lower within the first 6 h after surgery in the dexmedetomidine group, compared with the fentanyl group (0.029±0.030 mg/kg/h vs. 0.053±0.039 mg/kg/h, p=0.012). The median pain score at postoperative 6 h was also lower in the dexmedetomidine group, compared to the fentanyl group [0 (0-1.0) vs. 1.0 (0-3.0), p=0.039]. However, there was no difference in the need for rescue analgesia throughout the study period between groups. The use of dexmedetomidine as an epidural adjuvant had a significantly greater analgesic and local anesthetic-sparing effect, compared to fentanyl, in the early postoperative period in children undergoing major orthopedic lower extremity surgery.

  2. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery and conventional laparoscopic treatment of varicocele in adolescents: Comparison between two techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Marte

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS has gained great popularity in paediatric surgery due to its minimally invasive approach and improved cosmetic results. Notwithstanding, reports describing its adoption in children are still fragmentary and some perplexities have been raised by some surgeons. We reviewed our experience with the SILS Palomo varicocelectomy procedure (SIL-V in children and adolescents, comparing this group with a similar series operated using conventional laparoscopic varicocelectomy (CL-V. Patients and Methods: A total of 69 Palomo laparoscopic varicocelectomies were performed in patients aged 11-17 years from January 2011 to January 2013. Indications for surgery included grades II-III varicocele or ipsilateral testicular hypotrophy. The SIL-V procedure was performed in 44 patients with roticulating and conventional 5 mm instruments. Testicular vessels were isolated "en bloc," clipped and cut. Operating time, visual analogue scale and post-operative results were compared to a similar group of 25 patients operated with CL-V. Results: No patient of the SIL-V group required conversion to conventional laparoscopy, none to open surgery. Mean operative time was 22 min (range: 19-28 in the SIL-V group, not significantly different compared with CL-V (mean 21 min, range: 18-25. All patients experienced a smooth recovery from surgery without any complications, and were discharged on day 1. No difficulties were found in the SIL-V group. The post-operative pain score was significantly better in SIL-V. Conclusion: The SIL-V procedure is safe and effective and allows a fast and efficient isolation of the vascular bundle. The use of conventional instruments is technically feasible in SIL-V.

  3. Rapid Reduction in Use of Antidiabetic Medication after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: The Newfoundland and Labrador Bariatric Surgery Cohort (BaSCo) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Carla; Peddle, Justin; Twells, Laurie; Lester, Kendra; Midodzi, William; Manning, Kimberley; Murphy, Raleen; Pace, David; Smith, Chris; Boone, Darrell; Gregory, Deborah

    2015-01-01

    Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery generally need fewer medications as they experience improvement in, or even resolution of, various medical conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Published data on changes in medication use after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, a type of bariatric surgery that is growing in popularity, are limited. To determine whether patients took fewer medications for management of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, relative to preprocedure medications. In this prospective, single-centre cohort study, a nurse practitioner used standard medication reconciliation and study data-extraction forms to interview adult patients who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and determine their medication use and pertinent demographic data. The data were analyzed using generalized estimating equations and standard statistical software. Outcome measures included changes in the use of antidiabetic, antihypertensive, and antilipemic medications at 1, 3, and 6 months after the surgery. A total of 65 patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between May 2011 and January 2014 met the study inclusion criteria. Before surgery, the 30 patients with type 2 diabetes were taking an average of 1.9 antidiabetic medications. One month after the procedure, 15 (50%) had discontinued all antidiabetic medications, with a further decline at 3 and 6 months (p < 0.001 at each time point). Among the patients who were taking antihypertensives (n = 48) and antilipemics (n = 33) before surgery, the decline in use occurred at a more modest rate, with 6 (12%) and 2 (6%), respectively, discontinuing these medication classes within 1 month, and 12 (25%) (p = 0.001) and 8 (24%) (p = 0.015) having discontinued by 6 months. These findings suggest that patients with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and/or dyslipidemia who undergo laparoscopic

  4. A comparison of the patient and surgeon opinion on the long-term aesthetic outcome of reduction mammaplasty: have we improved over 15 years?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godwin, Y; Barron, E J; Edmunds, M C; Meyer, M; Bardsley, A; Logan, A M; O'Neill, T J; Wood, S H

    2014-07-01

    In 1996 we published a study evaluating the difference between patient and surgeon opinion on the aesthetic outcome of reduction mammaplasty (see Ref. 1). The patients rated the aesthetic outcome of their surgery as significantly higher than the consultant panel. The surgical panel suggested scope for improvement. Areas of dissatisfaction were poor scarring, high placement of the nipple areola complex and high rates of revision surgery. Fifteen years on, the same team has regrouped to repeat this assessment. In 1996 the consultants scored their own patient results. In 2011 they graded the results of their former trainee who has modified her operative technique to address aesthetic problems highlighted in the first study. Forty-four patients attended a review clinic at least one year post reduction mammaplasty. Patient scored their satisfaction using the original questionnaire employed in 1996. The cohort were photographed and their images graded blindly by the original surgical panel. Statistical analysis was performed by the original statistician. The patients graded aesthetic aspects of body harmony, breast mound appearance, nipple areolar complex appearance and post-operative scarring significantly more positively (ptrend for more positive grades for all aesthetic features assessed versus their previous views but this was only significant for breast mound symmetry. They expressed that there was a decrease in post-operative breast ptosis (ptrend for increased patient and surgeon satisfaction. Patient satisfaction however still exceeds that of the surgeons. Copyright © 2014 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Comparison of effects of thiopental, propofol or ketamine on the cardiovascular responses of the oculocardiac reflex during strabismus surgery

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    Mohammad Reza Safavi

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The oculocardiac reflex (OCR, which is most often encountered during strabismus surgery in children,
    may cause bradycardia, arrhythmias and cardiac arrest following a variety of stimuli arising in or near the eyeball. The
    main purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various anesthetic regimens on modulation of the cardiovascular
    effects of the OCR during strabismus surgery.
    METHODS: Three hundred ASA physical status I-II patients, scheduled for elective strabismus surgery under general
    anesthesia, randomly allocated in a double blind fashion to one of the three anesthetic regimens: group P: propofol (2
    mg/kg, alfentanil 0.02 mg/kg and atracurium 0.5 mg/kg at induction; group K: ketamine racemate (2 mg/kg, alfentanil
    0.02 mg/kg and atracurium 0.5 mg/kg at induction; group T: thiopental (5 mg/kg, alfentanil 0.02 mg/kg, and atracurium
    0.5 mg/kg at induction. Mean arterial pressure (MAP and heart rate (HR were recorded just before induction, at
    1, 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes after induction. OCR was defined as a 20 beats/minute change in HR induced by traction
    compared with basal value.
    RESULTS: Mean HR (± SD during total period of surgery in group P was significantly slower than that in group K
    (111.90 ± 1.10 vs. 116.7 ± 0.70, respectively; P<0.05. Mean HR changes (± SD in group K was significantly higher
    than that in group P (11.2 ± 1.44 vs. 8.7 ± 1.50 respectively, P<0.05. MAP changes (± SD was significantly lower in
    patients in group P compared with patients in group K or T (12.5 ± 1.13 vs. 19.3 ± 0.80 or 18.9 ± 0.91, respectively;
    P<0.05. Incidence of OCR was significantly lower in patients in group K compared with patients in group T or P (9%
    vs. 16% and 13%. Respectively; P<0.05.
    CONCLUSIONS: Induction of anesthesia with ketamine is associated with the least

  6. Suprapubic versus transurethral bladder drainage following reconstructive pelvic surgery: a comparison of patient satisfaction and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takase-Sanchez, Michelle M; Thompson, Jennifer C; Hale, Douglass S; Heit, Michael H

    2017-05-01

    To assess the differences in patient-reported, catheter-specific satisfaction and quality of life with either suprapubic or transurethral postoperative bladder drainage following reconstructive pelvic surgery. This was a prospective study of all eligible women who were scheduled to undergo reconstructive surgery requiring bladder drainage during the study period November 2013 to March 2015. Women who did not undergo the planned procedure(s) or did not require bladder drainage were excluded. The primary outcome was patient-reported quality of life using catheter-specific instruments including the Catheter-related Quality of Life (CIQOL) instrument, and a modified version of the Intermittent Self-Catheterization Questionnaire (ISC-Q), designed to evaluate aspects of catheter-related quality of life and satisfaction specific to the needs of the individual. A total of 178 women were analyzed, 108 in the transurethral catheter group and 70 in the suprapubic group. Women with suprapubic bladder drainage had higher quality of life and satisfaction scores than women with transurethral bladder drainage as measured by the ISC-Q (68.31 ± 16.87 vs. 54.04 ± 16.95, mean difference 14.27, 95 % CI 9.15 - 19.39). There was no difference in quality of life by the CIQOL. After regression analysis, women with suprapubic bladder drainage were more satisfied with their catheter-specific needs despite longer duration of catheter use, more concurrent continence surgery, and higher trait anxiety. Differences in catheter-specific quality of life and patient satisfaction scores favoring suprapubic bladder drainage support its continued use in appropriately selected women for treatment of temporary postoperative urinary retention after reconstructive pelvic surgery.

  7. Industry Financial Relationships in Orthopaedic Surgery: Analysis of the Sunshine Act Open Payments Database and Comparison with Other Surgical Subspecialties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvetanovich, Gregory L; Chalmers, Peter N; Bach, Bernard R

    2015-08-05

    Industry financial relationships for orthopaedic surgeons in the United States are now publicly reported in the Sunshine Act Open Payments database. We sought to present these data in a more easily understandable format and to describe how industry relationships in orthopaedic surgery compare with other surgical subspecialties. The Open Payments database was searched for all records of industry financial relationships for orthopaedic surgeons. Data analyzed included the value of reported financial relationships per surgeon, the type of financial relationship, and geographic region. Similar analytics were collected for neurological surgery, urology, plastic surgery, and otolaryngology. Data were normalized to the overall number of providers in each subspecialty in the United States from the American Medical Association 2012 data. For 12,320 orthopaedic surgeons, 58,127 industry financial relationships were reported, with a total value of $80.2 million. Royalties or licensing fees, which were received by 1.7% of U.S. orthopaedic surgeons, accounted for 69.5% of the total monetary value of payments to orthopaedic surgeons. Between August and December 2013, 50.1% of U.S. orthopaedic surgeons had a reported financial relationship. Orthopaedics had the second lowest percentage of physicians with industry financial relationships among the five surgical subspecialties studied. The overall value of payments per orthopaedic surgeon was higher than in the other subspecialties, driven by the large value of royalties and licensing. One-half of U.S. orthopaedic surgeons have industry financial relationships reported in the Open Payments database. Orthopaedic surgeons are less likely than most surgical subspecialists to receive industry payments, and the majority of the overall value of orthopaedic financial relationships is driven by a small number of orthopaedic surgeons receiving royalties and licensing for reimbursable innovation within the field. Copyright © 2015 by The

  8. Clinical comparison of robotic minimally invasive surgery and transcatheter interventional occlusion for adult secundum atrial septal defect

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    Cheng WANG

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To assess the safety and efficiency of robotic minimally invasive surgery and transcatheter interventional occlusion for treatment of adult secundum atrial septal defect (ASD by comparing the early and recent postoperative follow-up results of the two minimally invasive surgery. Methods  Thirty adult patients with secundum ASD, who admitted to the General Hospital of PLA from Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2014 and received treatment of da Vinci Surgical System, were recruited as TEASD-R group, meanwhile, another 30 adult patients who received transcatheter interventional occlusion were recruited under the strict 1:1 criterion as TIASD-O group. The early postoperative complications, in-hospital conditions, recent postoperative follow-up results and the quality of life 30d and 6 months after operation were compared and retrospectively analyzed between the two groups. Results  The success rates of surgery were 100% in the both groups, no early and recent postoperative complications (residual shunt, pericardial effusion, cerebral infarction, peripheral vascular embolism, new arrhythmia, etc. were found in TEASD-R group. While some of corresponding complications existed in TISAD-O group, and the differences were of statistical significance (P<0.05 between the two groups in the incidence of postoperative new arrhythmia, tricuspid incompetence and pulmonary hypertension, as well as in the early size of right atrium and in-hospital time. SF-36 quality of life questionnaire showed that the difference of somatic pain 30d after operation was of statistical significance (P<0.05 between the two groups, but the difference disappeared 6 months after operation. Conclusion  Robotic minimally invasive surgery for adult secundum ASD is feasible, safe and efficacious since no postoperative complications occurred such as tricuspid incompetence and pulmonary hypertension, but the longer operative and inhosptial time are the shortages of the operation. DOI: 10

  9. Comparison of preoperative infraorbital block with peri-incisional infiltration for postoperative pain relief in cleft lip surgeries

    OpenAIRE

    Gaonkar V; Daftary Swati

    2004-01-01

    In this prospective, randomized study, children undergoing cleft lip surgery were either given infra-orbital nerve block (n=25) or peri-incisional infiltration (n=25) pre-operatively with 0.25% bupivacaine in 1:2,00,000 adrenaline. The overall course of anesthesia in both the groups was smooth, with excellent hemodynamic stability, indicating better pain relief during the intra-operative period. The concentration of the anesthetic agent required was reduced and recovery from anesthesia...

  10. Movement control in patients with shoulder instability: a comparison between patients after open surgery and nonoperated patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arzi, Harel; Krasovsky, Tal; Pritsch, Moshe; Liebermann, Dario G

    2014-07-01

    Open surgery to correct shoulder instability is deemed to facilitate recovery of static and dynamic motor functions. Postoperative assessments focus primarily on static outcomes (e.g., repositioning accuracy). We introduce kinematic measures of arm smoothness to assess shoulder patients after open surgery and compare them with nonoperated patients. Performance among both groups of patients was hypothesized to differ. Postsurgery patients were expected to match healthy controls. All participants performed pointing movements with the affected/dominant arm fully extended at fast, preferred, and slow speeds (36 trials per subject). Kinematic data were collected (100 Hz, 3 seconds), and mixed-design analyses of variance (group, speed) were performed with movement time, movement amplitude, acceleration time, and model-observed similarities as dependent variables. Nonparametric tests were performed for number of velocity peaks. Nonoperated and postsurgery patients showed similarities at preferred and faster movement speeds but not at slower speed. Postsurgery patients were closer to maximally smoothed motion and differed from healthy controls mainly during slow arm movements (closer to maximal smoothness, larger movement amplitude, shorter movement time, and lower number of peaks; i.e., less movement fragmentation). Arm kinematic analyses suggest that open surgery stabilizes the shoulder but does not necessarily restore normal movement quality. Patients with recurrent anterior shoulder instability (RASI) seem to implement a "safe" but nonadaptive mode of action whereby preplanned stereotypical movements may be executed without depending on feedback. Rehabilitation of RASI patients should focus on restoring feedback-based movement control. Clinical assessment of RASI patients should include higher order kinematic descriptors. Copyright © 2014 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. A comparison of ultrasound-guided interscalene and supraclavicular blocks for post-operative analgesia after shoulder surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, B G; Han, J U; Song, J H; Yang, C; Lee, B W; Baek, J S

    2017-04-01

    In contrast to interscalene block, there was little information regarding the analgesic efficacy of supraclavicular block for shoulder surgery. This study aimed to compare the analgesic efficacy and side effects of interscalene and supraclavicular blocks for shoulder surgery. Patients scheduled for shoulder surgery were assigned to receive either ultrasound-guided interscalene (n = 25) or supraclavicular block (n = 24) with 20 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine. We assessed the duration of post-operative analgesia as a primary outcome and pain scores, supplemental analgesia, diaphragmatic excursion, motor block, fingertip numbness, side effects, and patient satisfaction as secondary outcomes. The duration of post-operative analgesia was not statistically different between groups: 868 (800-1440) min for supraclavicular block vs. 800 (731-922) min for interscalene block (median difference -85 min, 95% CI, -283 to 3 min, P = 0.095). The incidence of diaphragmatic paresis was significantly lower in the supraclavicular block group compared with that in the interscalene block group, both at 30 min after the block (66.7% vs. 92%, P = 0.021) and in the post-anaesthesia care unit (62.5% vs. 92%, P = 0.024). Motor block was higher in the supraclavicular block group in the post-anaesthesia care unit, however, not at 24 h. Other secondary outcomes were similar for both groups. This study showed no statistically significant difference in the duration of post-operative analgesia between the supraclavicular and interscalene blocks. However, the supraclavicular block was associated with a lower incidence of diaphragmatic paresis compared with that of the interscalene block after shoulder surgery. © 2017 The Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Acute kidney injury after infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery: a comparison of AKIN and RIFLE criteria for risk prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bang, J-Y; Lee, J B; Yoon, Y; Seo, H-S; Song, J-G; Hwang, G S

    2014-12-01

    Although both Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) and risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage (RIFLE) kidney disease criteria are frequently used to diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI), they have rarely been compared in the diagnosis of AKI in patients undergoing surgery for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). This study investigated the incidence of, and risk factors for, AKI, defined by AKIN and RIFLE criteria, and compared their ability to predict mortality after infrarenal AAA surgery. This study examined 444 patients who underwent infrarenal AAA surgery between January 1999 and December 2011. Risk factors for AKI were assessed by multivariable analyses, and the impact of AKI on overall mortality was assessed by a Cox's proportional hazard model with inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). Net reclassification improvement (NRI) was used to assess the performance of AKIN and RIFLE criteria in predicting overall mortality. AKI based on AKIN and RIFLE criteria occurred in 82 (18.5%) and 55 (12.4%) patients, respectively. The independent risk factors for AKI were intraoperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and chronic kidney disease (CKD) by AKIN criteria, and age, intraoperative RBC transfusion, preoperative atrial fibrillation, and CKD by RIFLE criteria. After IPTW adjustment, AKI was related to 30 day mortality and overall mortality. NRI was 15.2% greater (P=0.04) for AKIN than for RIFLE criteria in assessing the risk of overall mortality. Although AKI defined by either AKIN or RIFLE criteria was associated with overall mortality, AKIN criteria showed better prediction of mortality in patients undergoing infrarenal AAA surgery. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. Degloving injuries of trunk and limbs: comparison of outcomes of early versus delayed assessment by the plastic surgery team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Francisco Mello

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to analyze cases of degloving of the trunk and limbs, comparing outcomes of early versus delayed assessment by the plastic surgery team.METHODS: we conducted a retrospective analysis of medical charts. Patients comprised two groups: Group I - early assessment, performed within 12 hours post trauma; and Group II - delayed assessment, performed more than 12 hours post trauma. We defined primary grafting as the use of skin from the traumatized skin flap. We excluded cases involving hands, feet or genitalia.RESULTS: there were 47 patients treated with degloving injuries between 2002 and 2010. The mean body surface area affected was 8.2%. Lower limbs were the most frequently affected site (95.7%, whether alone or in association with lesions to other sites. Delayed assessment by the plastic surgery team occurred in 25 cases. Mean hospital stay was 36.1 days for Group I and 57.1 days for Group II (p=0.026. Regarding the number of surgical operations (skin grafts, Group I received a mean of 1.3, while Group II underwent 1.6 (p=0.034.CONCLUSION: based on length of hospital stay and number of operations in trauma patients with degloving of the trunk and limbs, plastic surgery assessment should be carried out early.

  14. Comparison of the effects of two anesthesia maintenance methods by remifentanil or halothane on endoscopic sinus surgery condition

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    Seyed mojtaba Karimi

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Endoscopic surgery is a new standard method of treatment for chronic sinusitis. During this operation even small amount of bleeding may reduce the visual field of surgeon significantly and make the procedure troublesome. In this study we have compared the operative condition between patients who receive either remifentanil or halothane for general anesthesia. Materials and Methods: Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed in 60 patents. Pre- medication was done by fentanil and midazolam and induction was done by propofol and atracurium. Halothane or remifentanil was used in two groups of patients respectively for anesthesia maintenance. Monitoring was performed during anesthesia. Bleeding volume was measured and operation field condition was assessed by the surgeon. Results: Personal characteristics such as age and sex were the same in both groups. Intra- operative systolic blood pressures was significantly lower in remifentanil group but diastolic and mean blood pressure and heart rate didn’t change after induction and during maintenance in both groups. Recovery time in remifentanil group was also significantly shorter than halothane group. Finally bleeding volume was lower and operation field condition was better significantly in remifentanil group. Conclusion: Remifentanil is a good choice to maintain an ideal anesthesia for endoscopic sinus surgery.    

  15. Total mesorectal excision: a comparison of oncological and functional outcomes between robotic and laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Annibale, Annibale; Pernazza, Graziano; Monsellato, Igor; Pende, Vito; Lucandri, Giorgio; Mazzocchi, Paolo; Alfano, Giovanni

    2013-06-01

    Long-term data from the CLASICC study demonstrated the oncologic equivalence of laparoscopic and open rectal cancer surgery despite an increased circumferential resection margin involvement in the laparoscopic group in the initial report. Moreover, laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) may be associated with increased rates of male sexual dysfunction compared to conventional open TME. Robotic surgery could potentially obtain better results than laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and functional outcomes of robotic and laparoscopic surgery in a single-center experience. This study was based on 100 patients who underwent minimally invasive anterior rectal resection with TME. Fifty consecutive robotic rectal anterior resections with TME (R-TME) were compared to the first 50 consecutive laparoscopic rectal resections with TME (L-TME). Median operative time was 270 min in R-TME and 275 min in L-TME. No conversions occurred in the R-TME group whereas six conversions occurred in the L-TME group. The mean number of harvested lymph nodes was 16.5 ± 7.1 for R-TME and 13.8 ± 6.7 for L-TME. The circumferential margin (CRM) was CRM CRM, conversions, and hospital length of stay. Better recovery in voiding and sexual function is achieved with the robotic technique.

  16. Comparison of noise reduction of earplugs between fit test and coal mine work and observed variability of real-time noise reduction in coal mine work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Mingyu; Guffey, Steve E; Takacs, Brandon C

    2016-11-22

    The coal mining industry relies heavily on a hearing protector (HP) for noise protection. Researchers suggested that individual HP fit tests be conducted to estimate the noise attenuation. This study examined whether individual fit tests accurately predicted workers' ear plug noise protection while working and whether the real-time noise reduction (NR) remained constant in mining work while an ear plug was worn. A total of 11 subjects from 3 coal mines each was fit tested using the microphone-in-real-ear (MIRE) technique on their E-A-Rtrademark earplugs in a typical mine office. The same fit tested miners each wore the same type of earplugs in his usual manner doing his normal work. The minute-by-minute real-time NRwork values were determined continuously during full shifts of work. Results showed there was a modest prediction relationship (R2 = 0.53) between NRfit and NRwork. NRwork values of each miner's earplug fluctuated over 20 dBA while the earplug was worn. However, each was still able to achieve an average NRwork of more than 10 dBA, indicating the earplug was somewhat effective in reducing noise, if worn. Refitting was an important cause of the low NRwork values. Low-frequency noise sources might be also important causes.

  17. Comparison of the Effects of Magnesium Sulfate and Dexmedetomidine on Operation Field of Candidates for Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.Khoshraftar

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: One of the main treatments for chronic rhinosinusitis is endoscopic surgery. In this procedure, intraoperative bleeding due to limited view of the surgeon can bring about surgical complications. To have a clear operation field for endoscopic sinus surgery, bleeding management is necessary. We aimed to compare the effects of magnesium sulfate and dexmedetomidine on operation field of candidates for endoscopic sinus surgery. Materials and Methods: In this triple-blind clinical trial, 60 candidates for endoscopic sinus surgery were randomly divided into two groups of Dexmedetomidine and Magnesium sulfate. Before anesthesia, magnesium sulfate was administered for 10 min at a dose of 50 mg/kg and at a dose 15 mg/kg/h afterwards. In the other group, dexmedetomidine was given for 10 min before anesthesia at a dose of 1 mic/kg and at a dose of 0.6 mic/kg/h thereupon. The hemodynamic status of both groups was recorded 1, 5, 15, 30, and 60 min post-tracheal intubation. The results were analyzed using SPSS, version 16. Results: In general, 20 (66.7% patients in the Dexmedetomidine group and 18 (60.0% patients in the Magnesium sulfate group were male (P=0.592. The mean ages of the Dexmedetomidine and Magnesium sulfate groups were 37.93 and 39.56 years, respectively (P=0.250. The mean surgical durations in the Dexmedetomidine and Magnesium sulfate groups were 79.03±41.8 min and 87.30± 15.09 min, respectively (P=0.003. Mean arterial pressure (MAP in the Dexmedetomidine group was less than in the Magnesium Sulfate group at all the assessed times, except for the first time. The difference between the two groups was not significant only at first time. There was no statistical difference between the two groups in terms of mean saturation oxygen peripheral (SpO2 at all the recorded times. The mean intraoperative heart rate and mean pain intensity were lower in the Dexmedetomidine group than the Magnesium sulfate group. In the Magnesium

  18. Bariatric Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Loss Featured Resource Find an Endocrinologist Search Bariatric Surgery September 2017 Download PDFs English Espanol Editors Durga ... Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery MedlinePlus What is bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery helps people who are very obese ...

  19. Bariatric Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Weight Loss Featured Resource Find an Endocrinologist Search Bariatric Surgery September 2017 Download PDFs English Espanol Editors Durga ... for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery MedlinePlus What is bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery helps people who are very obese ...

  20. Comparison of zinc reduction with platinum reduction for analysis of deuterium-enriched water samples for the doubly labeled water technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herd, S L; Vaughn, W H; Goran, M I

    2000-07-01

    Isotope ratio mass spectrometry of hydrogen and oxygen is frequently used to determine total energy expenditure (TEE) using doubly labeled water. Conventionally, hydrogen isotope ratio is determined in hydrogen gas generated from water samples using zinc reduction. We compare this with a new automated platinum method to determine the ratios of hydrogen isotopes in deuterium-enriched water samples. The platinum method of sample preparation was compared with the zinc method in three ways: analytical variation in deuterium enrichment (within sample; n = 51), analytical variation in TEE estimates (within sample set; n = 10), and level of agreement of TEE estimates between both methods (n = 14). For the zinc method, the standard deviation for multiple sets of triplicate 2H2O sample analysis was +/-4.36 per thousand and +/-2.07 per thousand for platinum. The correlation between TEE estimates when sample sets were analyzed in duplicate was r = 0.89 for zinc and r = 0.83 for platinum. The intercept and slope of the regression line were significantly different from the line of identity for duplicate TEE estimates by zinc but were not different from the line of identity for platinum. After correction for the intra-assay variation of each method, the correlation between zinc and platinum for TEE was 0.77, and the intercept, but not the slope, of the regression was significantly different from the line of identity. The mean difference between the zinc method and the platinum method was 56 kcal/day, and the 95% confidence interval was -438 to 550 kcal/day. These data suggest that the platinum method is at least as reliable as the zinc method as a sample preparation technique for isotope ratio mass spectrometry of deuterium-enriched water samples. The platinum method is also less costly and less labor-intensive than the zinc method.

  1. Comparison of various decentralised structural and cavity feedback control strategies for transmitted noise reduction through a double panel structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ho, J.H.; Berkhoff, A.P.

    2014-01-01

    This paper compares various decentralised control strategies, including structural and acoustic actuator-sensor configuration designs, to reduce noise transmission through a double panel structure. The comparison is based on identical control stability indexes. The double panel structure consists of

  2. Comparison of various decentralised structural and cavity feedback control strategies for transmitted noise reduction through a double panel structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ho, J.; Berkhoff, Arthur P.

    This paper compares various decentralised control strategies, including structural and acoustic actuator–sensor configuration designs, to reduce noise transmission through a double panel structure. The comparison is based on identical control stability indexes. The double panel structure consists of

  3. [Thymus surgery in a general surgery department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mega, Raquel; Coelho, Fátima; Pimentel, Teresa; Ribero, Rui; Matos, Novo de; Araújo, António

    2005-01-01

    Evaluation of thymectomy cases between 1990-2003, in a General Surgery Department. Evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy in Miastenia Gravis patients. Retrospective study based on evaluation of data from Serviço de Cirurgia, Neurologia and Consult de Neurology processes, between 1990-2003, of 15 patients submitted to total thymectomy. 15 patients, aged 17 to 72, 11 female and 4 male. Miastenia Gravis was the main indication for surgery, for uncontrollable symptoms or suspicion of thymoma. In patients with myasthenia, surgery was accomplish after compensation of symptoms. There weren't post-surgery complications. Pathology were divided in thymic hyperplasia and thymoma. Miastenia patients have there symptoms diminished or stable with reduction or cessation of medical therapy. Miastenia was the most frequent indication for thymectomy. Surgery was good results, with low morbimortality, as long as the protocols are respected.

  4. Comparison of Amount of Primary Tooth Reduction Required for Anterior and Posterior Zirconia and Stainless Steel Crowns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Larkin; Wells, Martha H; Harris, Edward F; Lou, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    To determine if aggressiveness of primary tooth preparation varied among different brands of zirconia and stainless steel (SSC) crowns. One hundred primary typodont teeth were divided into five groups (10 posterior and 10 anterior) and assigned to: Cheng Crowns (CC); EZ Pedo (EZP); Kinder Krowns (KKZ); NuSmile (NSZ); and SSC. Teeth were prepared, and assigned crowns were fitted. Teeth were weighed prior to and after preparation. Weight changes served as a surrogate measure of tooth reduction. Analysis of variance showed a significant difference in tooth reduction among brand/type for both the anterior and posterior. Tukey's honest significant difference test (HSD), when applied to anterior data, revealed that SSCs required significantly less tooth removal compared to the composite of the four zirconia brands, which showed no significant difference among them. Tukey's HSD test, applied to posterior data, revealed that CC required significantly greater removal of crown structure, while EZP, KKZ, and NSZ were statistically equivalent, and SSCs required significantly less removal. Zirconia crowns required more tooth reduction than stainless steel crowns for primary anterior and posterior teeth. Tooth reduction for anterior zirconia crowns was equivalent among brands. For posterior teeth, reduction for three brands (EZ Pedo, Kinder Krowns, NuSmile) did not differ, while Cheng Crowns required more reduction.

  5. COMPARISON OF HEMODYNAMIC CHANGES DURING INDUCTION WITH MODIFIED PROPOFOL PROTOCOL IN NORMAL AND LOW LV FUNCTION PATIENTS UNDERGOING CABG SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Numerous studies suggested that propofol anesthesia is intuitively appealing for its simplicity, stability and safety, permitting the rapid recovery of patients undergoing cardiac surger. However, its use for induction of anesthesia is often resu lts in transient hypotension. The aim of this study was to determine the safety of modified propofol protocol for induction in low ejection fraction cardiac patients undergoing CABG surgery. Fifty patients with ejection fraction between 30% - 60% who were planned for coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups of 25 patients each, according to their left ventricular ejection fractions (EF. Group N (EF between 60% - 45% and Group L (EF between 30% - 4 5%. All the patients were given midazolam/fentanyl/vecuronium and propofol for induction according to pre - defined protocol to prevent hypotension and facilitate early intubation. Hemodynamic variables were registered at fixed points. To prevent hemodynami c compromised situation rescue noradrenaline in 5μg/ml aliquots was kept ready. Amount of propofol used, time taken for successful intubation and grading of jaw relaxation was also done. RESULTS: Four patients in Group L and one patients in Group N encount ered significant hypotension (>20% of preoperative value. Amount of vasoconstriction agents used were high in group L. Cardiac index was changed 17.4 % from preoperative value and returned to baseline values within 6 min in group L while in group N cardia c index was changed 12.9 % from preoperative value and also returned to baseline values within 6 min. Propofol 0.5 - 1 mg/kg was used to induce hypnosis and all patients were intubated in less than ninety seconds. CONCLUSION: Propofol as induction agent is safe i n both low and normal ejection fraction cardiac patients when used judiciously and in titrated doses. Immediate changes in hemodynamic changes can be corrected with mild doses of

  6. Flapless surgery and immediately loaded implants: a retrospective comparison between implantation with and without computer-assisted planned surgical stent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danza, Matteo; Carinci, Francesco

    2010-01-01

    Computer planned flapless surgery and immediate loading are the most recent topics in implantology. One new computer-planned implant system uses a three-dimensional parallelometer able to transfer the implant position from the virtual project to the master model. The aim of this study was to verify if the new medical device gives an advantage in term of implant failures and/or crestal bone remodeling. A retrospective study was planned to analyze a series of 193 immediately loaded fixtures inserted by means of flapless surgery. From those sixty six implants were inserted with computer planning whereas 127 were inserted "free-hand". Several variables related to patient, anatomy, implant, surgery and prosthesis were investigated. To detect the clinical outcome implant' failure and peri-implant bone resorption were considered. Kaplan-Meier algorithm and Cox regression were then performed to detect those variables statistically associated with the clinical outcome. Implant length and diameter ranged from 10 to 16 mm and from 3.75 to 6.0 mm, respectively. Implants were inserted to replace 46 incisors, 30 cuspids, 75 premolars and 42 molars. The mean follow-up period was 15 months. Seven implants were lost (survival rate 96.4%) but no studied variable has a statistical impact on failures. On the contrary, implants inserted in sites with completed bone healing, wide diameter fixtures and implants inserted in totally edentulous jaw had a significantly lower crestal bone resorption. The other variables (age, gender, upper/lower jaws, tooth site, implant' type and length, number of prosthetic units antagonist condition) did not have impact on crestal remodeling. Computer-planned and cast model transferred implantology is a reliable technology that provides a slightly higher clinical outcome than "free hand" technique at least in healed sites, wider implants and totally edentulous jaws.

  7. Comparison of amniotic membrane transplantation for all the cornea and bandage contact lens in the treatment for large pterygium surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying-Wei Wang

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the amniotic membrane transplantation for all the cornea or bandage contact lens after pterygium excision combine with limbal stem cell transplantation in the treatment of large pterygium. METHODS:The 40 eyes of larger pterygium was randomly divided into 2 groups, one group, 20 eyes, with autologous limbal stem cell transplantation combine with amniotic membrane transplantation for all the cornea(amniotic membrane group; another group, 20 eyes, with bandage contact lens after limbal stem cell transplantation(bandage contact lens group. The surgery time, eye comfort postoperation, progress in corneal healing were observed at 1, 3d, 1 and 3wk. RESULTS:The average surgery time of amniotic membrane transplantation group was 61.4±5.2min, and the bandage contact lens group was 34.5±2.7min, which was significantly shorter(Student's t-test, PPP>0.05. The corneal healing score of the two groups was 0.85±0.18 and 1.15±0.18 in the 3wk after operation respectively, and the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant(Student's t-test, P=0.25. There was only one case of recurrence in amniotic membrane group. CONCLUSION:Treatment of larger pterygium with amniotic membrane transplantation for all the cornea or wearing bandage contact lenses after autologous limbal stem cell transplantation, can both ease eye symptoms and promote corneal wound healing. Those patients with bandage contact lens feel more comfortable and convenient than with autologous limbal stem cell transplantation. Also the bandage contact lens surgery is more economical than the other one.

  8. Comparison of the Effect of Noise Levels on Stress Response in Two Different Operation Groups in an Orthopedic Surgery Room

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasibe Baytan Yildiz

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this randomized, single-blinded study was to evaluate the effects of noise on hemodynamic and neuroendocrine stress response by measuring the level of noise in the surgery rooms of patients undergoing knee operations under neuroaxial anesthesia. Gerec ve Yontem: We compared patient responses from two groups of patients: those undergoing knee operations in a surgery room where the noise level (measured in decibels is high, and those undergoing meniscus operations in a surgery room with lower noise levels. The STAI, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-1, and the anxiety test (STAI-2wereperformed at preoperative and postoperative periods. 20 ml of blood sample was taken for basal, intraoperative 30th minute, and postoperative 1st hour measurements. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressures were found to be higher in the high noise level group. ACTH levels were increased during the early postoperative period and became normal during the late postoperative period in the high noise level group whereas ACTH levels were significantly decreased in the low-noise level group. Basal cortisol levels were significantly higher in the high noise level group. HCRP, an inflammatory response mediator was found to be decreased in both groups. Early and late blood glucose levels were significantly higher in the high noise group. There was a greater increase in early and late blood glucose levels in the high noise group. In the postoperative period, although the state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI-2 levels being higher in patients subject to noisier environment determines how people feel independent of the conditions and state they are in, this result made us consider that the noise the patients were subjected to in the intraoperative period may cause a stress response. Discussion: As a result we believe that standard noise levels should be achieved by reducing the factors causing high noise levels in the operating room. This will

  9. Comparison between sevoflurane and desflurane on emergence and recovery characteristics of children undergoing surgery for spinal dysraphism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Rapid recovery is desirable after neurosurgery as it enables early post-operative neurological evaluation and prompt management of complications. Studies have been rare comparing the recovery characteristics in paediatric neurosurgical patients. Hence, this study was carried out to compare the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane anaesthesia on emergence and extubation in children undergoing spinal surgery. Methods: Sixty children, aged 1-12 years, undergoing elective surgery for lumbo-sacral spinal dysraphism were enrolled. Anaesthesia was induced with sevoflurane using a face mask. The children were then randomised to receive either sevoflurane or desflurane with oxygen and nitrous oxide, fentanyl (1 μg/kg/h and rocuronium. The anaesthetic depth was guided by bispectral index (BIS ® monitoring with a target BIS ® between 45 and 55. Perioperative data with regard to demographic profile, haemodynamics, emergence and extubation times, modified Aldrete score (MAS, pain (objective pain score, agitation (Cole′s agitation score, time to first analgesic and complications, thereof, were recorded. Statistical analysis was done using STATA 11.2 (StataCorp., College Station, TX, USA and data are presented as median (range or mean ± standard deviation. Results: The demographic profile, haemodynamics, MAS, pain and agitation scores and time to first analgesic were comparable in between the two groups (P > 0.05. The emergence time was shorter in desflurane group (2.75 [0.85-12] min as compared to sevoflurane (8 [2.5-14] min (P < 0.0001. The extubation time was also shorter in desflurane group (3 [0.8-10] min as compared to the sevoflurane group (5.5 [1.2-14] min (P = 0.0003. Conclusion: Desflurane provided earlier tracheal extubation and emergence as compared to sevoflurane in children undergoing surgery for lumbo-sacral spinal dysraphism.

  10. Comparison of Posterior Capsular Opacification with Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Acrylic Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens after Cataract Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhay Karman Khurana

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Posterior Capsule Opacification (PCO is a type of membrane formation composed from pearls, fibrotic and Soemmering’s rings on the posterior capsule. It is a multifactorial physiological consequence of cataract surgery with Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens (PCIOL. Aim: To evaluate the difference in the incidence of PCO between hydrophilic and hydrophobic acrylic Intraocular Lens (IOL. Materials and Methods: This observational study was conducted over a period of 12 months and patients attending Department of Ophthalmology were incorporated in the study. A total of 112 eyes of 106 patients with age related cataract were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups, group I had 55 eyes which underwent cataract surgery with hydrophilic PCIOL and group II had 57 eyes which underwent cataract surgery with hydrophobic PCIOL. PCO analysis was done on subsequent follow-ups, at one month, three months and six months with the help of retroilluminated images taken with slit lamp guided anterior segment photography. Results: PCO grade 2 was seen to be most common among both Group I {31 (56.4%} and Group II {38 (66.7%} eyes. PCO grade 3 was seen among 20 (36.4% eyes in group I and 10 (17.5% eyes in group II which was 2.7 times more in group I as compared to group II. PCO grade 3 was also found to be more prevalent among young patients, diabetics and in patients with immature cataracts. Conclusion: The incidence of PCO is higher with the hydrophilic IOL. However, the increased incidence of PCO is also attributed to young age of patient, presence of diabetes mellitus and immature cataract grade. These are factors known to be associated with higher incidence of PCO.

  11. Comparison of premedication with buprenorphine or methadone with meloxicam for postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, J R; Attenburrow, P M; Slingsby, L S; Murrell, J C

    2013-08-01

    To determine whether methadone, administered before orthopaedic surgery, results in improved postoperative analgesia compared to buprenorphine. Thirty-eight dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgeries (the majority being tibial tuberosity advancement or elbow arthrotomy) were premedicated with 0 · 03 mg/kg acepromazine and either 20 µg/kg buprenorphine or 0 · 5 mg/kg methadone, intramuscularly, allocated randomly. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol intravenously to effect and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. 0 · 2 mg/kg meloxicam was administered at anaesthetic induction. Sedation was assessed by means of a dynamic interactive visual analogue and simple descriptive scales and pain by dynamic interactive visual analogue and the short form Glasgow composite pain scales, by a single observer blinded to treatment group at intervals for 8 hours following premedication. Sedation scores were higher than baseline in both groups following premedication until the end of the assessment period (P = 0 · 0001), with no differences between groups. Pain scores were lower overall in dogs premedicated with methadone (dynamic interactive visual analogue scale P = 0 · 048; short form Glasgow composite pain scale P = 0 · 0045), and these dogs required less additional analgesia (42%, compared to 79% premedicated with buprenorphine, P = 0 · 045). At the doses investigated, methadone produced superior analgesia to buprenorphine for 8 hours postoperatively in dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery. © 2013 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.

  12. Comparison of different doses of ε-aminocaproic acid in children for tetralogy of Fallot surgery: clinical efficacy and safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarupria, Anju; Makhija, Neeti; Lakshmy, Ramakrishnan; Kiran, Usha

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare 2 different doses of ε-aminocaproic acid (EACA) and assess their relative efficacy and safety in children undergoing corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). A prospective, randomized, controlled study. A tertiary care center. One hundred twenty children undergoing corrective surgery for TOF using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Group 1 received 100 mg/kg of EACA after induction, upon initiation of CPB, and after protamine. Group 2 received 75 mg/kg of EACA after induction, followed by a maintenance infusion of 75 mg/kg/h until chest closure, and an additional 75 mg/kg upon initiation of CPB. Group 3 did not receive any antifibrinolytic agent or placebo. Cumulative mean blood loss, total packed red blood cells, and fresh frozen plasma requirements were significantly less in group 2 (p ≤ 0.01). There were no significant differences in the total platelet concentrate transfused, re-exploration rate, incidence of renal failure, arrhythmias, neurologic complications, mortality, or length of intensive care unit stay among the 3 groups. The incidences of perioperative ST/T changes and chest closure time were significantly less in group 1 and group 2 (p ≤ 0.01). The duration of mechanical ventilation was significantly less in group 2 (p ≤ 0.01). EACA was effective in reducing the postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirements in children undergoing corrective cardiac surgery on CPB for TOF. The dose regimen of 75 mg/kg after induction, followed by a maintenance infusion of 75 mg/kg/h until chest closure, and an additional 75 mg/kg upon initiation of CPB were more effective. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. The coordinate system of the eye in cataract surgery: Performance comparison of the circle Hough transform and Daugman's algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlachynska, Alzbeta; Oplatkova, Zuzana Kominkova; Sramka, Martin

    2017-07-01

    The aim of the work is to determine the coordinate system of an eye and insert a polar-axis system into images captured by a slip lamp. The image of the eye with the polar axis helps a surgeon accurately implant toric intraocular lens in the required position/rotation during the cataract surgery. In this paper, two common algorithms for pupil detection are compared: the circle Hough transform and Daugman's algorithm. The procedures were tested and analysed on the anonymous data set of 128 eyes captured at Gemini eye clinic in 2015.

  14. Randomised comparison of leucocyte-depleted versus buffy-coat-poor blood transfusion and complications after colorectal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, L S; Kissmeyer-Nielsen, P; Wolff, B

    1996-01-01

    surgery were randomised to receive buffy-coat poor (n = 299) or filtered leucocyte-depleted red-cells (n = 290) when transfusion was indicated. 260 patients actually received blood transfusion. Three patients were excluded from analysis. FINDINGS: The 142 patients randomised to and transfused with buffy......-coat-poor blood had a significantly higher frequency of wound infections and intra-abdominal abscesses than the 155 patients who were allocated to this group but who were not transfused. (12 vs 1%, p ... higher frequency of wound infections and intra-abdominal abscesses than the 118 randomised to and receiving leucocyte-depleted blood (12 vs 0%, p

  15. Practice patterns and outcomes of pediatric partial nephrectomy in the United States: Comparison between pediatric urology and general pediatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suson, Kristina D; Wolfe-Christensen, Cortney; Elder, Jack S; Lakshmanan, Yegappan

    2015-08-01

    In the United States, both pediatric urologists (PUROs) and general pediatric surgeons (GPSs) perform nephrectomies in children, with PUROs performing more nephrectomies overall, most commonly for benign causes. GPSs perform more nephrectomies for malignant causes. We questioned whether the same trends persisted for partial nephrectomy. We hypothesized that PUROs performed more partial nephrectomies for all causes, including malignancy. Our primary aim was to characterize the number of partial nephrectomies performed by PUROs and GPSs. We also compared short-term outcomes between subspecialties. We analyzed the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS), a database encompassing data from 44 children's hospitals. Patients were ≤18 years old and had a partial nephrectomy (ICD-9 procedure code 554) carried out by PUROs or GPSs between 1 January, 2004 and June 30, 2013. Queried data points included surgeon subspecialty, age, gender, 3M™ All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (3M™ APR DRG) code, severity level, mortality risk, length of stay (LOS), and medical/surgical complication flags. Data points were compared in patients on whom PUROs and GPSs had operated. Statistical analysis included the Student t test, chi-square test, analysis of covariance, and logistic regression. Results are presented in the table. While PUROs performed the majority of partial nephrectomies, GPSs operated more commonly for malignancy. For surgeries performed for non-malignant indications, PURO patients had a shorter LOS and lower complication rate after controlling for statistically identified covariates. There was no difference in LOS or complication rate for patients with malignancy. A Pediatric Health Information System study of pediatric nephrectomy demonstrated PUROs performed more nephrectomies overall, but GPSs performed more surgeries for malignancy. The difference was less dramatic for partial nephrectomies (63% GPS, 37% PURO) than for radical nephrectomies (90% GPS, 10

  16. Thyroid surgery: comparison between “ultrasonic scalpel-SonoSurg” and classic “clamp and tie” technique

    OpenAIRE

    Kalin Nicolaev Vidinov; Tanio Ivanov Sechanov

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety in the application of ultrasonic scalpel compared to conventional operative technique in open surgery of the thyroid gland.Methods: The study included 100 patients operated between May 2013 and August 2013. Patients were divided into two groups - 50 patients were operated using SonoSurg® and 50 patients were operated using classic “clamp and Tie” technique. We evaluated and compared the outcome between th...

  17. Comparison of the Anxiolytic Effects of Saffron (Crocus sativus. L and Diazepam Before Herniorrhaphy Surgery: A Double Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Basiri-Moghadam

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Anxiety is an unpleasant state of feeling agitation and pressure induced by the patient’s fear of hospitalization, anesthesia or surgery. Objectives The present study is aimed to compare the effects of dried extract of saffron and diazepam on soothing the pre-herniorrhaphy surgery anxiety. Patients and Methods In this double blind clinical study, during 8 months, 102 patients were studied in 2012. all the patients in intervention group (n = 50 received 25 mg dried extract of saffron and participants in control group (n = 52 received 5 mg oral diazepam. Level of anxiety of the patients was measured using speillberger state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI before intervention and 3 hours after administration (immediately after entering the surgery room filled out by the patients. The patients in the two groups were compared concerning level of anxiety before/after intervention. The two groups of participants had almost equal demographic features. Results According to the results, level of trait anxiety in the intervention groups decreased from 37.24 ± 7.4 to 34.72 ± 7.45 and the trend among the control group was vice versa and increased from 34.51 ± 10.74 to 38.8 ± 9.97. The data showed significant relation between level of trait anxiety before and after intervention in control and experiment groups (P = 0.019. Conclusions Considering the findings, in comparison to diazepam, dried extract of saffron at 25 mg dose is more effective on soothing anxiety.

  18. Palatal surgery in a transoral robotic setting (TORS): preliminary results of a retrospective comparison between uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP) and barbed repositioning pharyngoplasty (BRP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammaroto, G; Montevecchi, F; D'Agostino, G; Zeccardo, E; Bellini, C; Meccariello, G; Vicini, C

    2017-10-01

    It has become increasingly clear in the past decade that surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) is most successfully managed with multilevel surgery. We evaluated the outcomes of multilevel interventions comparing three different palatal techniques added to TORS: uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), a modified expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP), inspired by the Pang expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty technique and the latest barbed repositioning pharyngoplasty (BRP). Thirty patients were retrospectively evaluated. Ten patients underwent UPPP by Fairbanks, 10 BRP and 10 a modified ESP already described. All patients underwent TORS, tonsillectomy and septo-turbinoplasty. For all cases, the following data were retrieved and revaluated: preoperative and postoperative apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), preoperative and postoperative Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), pain visual analogue scale (VAS; 0-10) for the first 5 days postoperatively, palatal operative time for each surgical technique, discharge date and complication types and rate. Both BRP and ESP resulted in better postoperative AHI values and higher surgical success rates in comparison with UPPP. On the other hand, BRP was not more effective than ESP. ESP surgery time was significantly higher than UPPP, while BRP was the quickest procedure. In summary, ESP and BRP seem to be more effective than UPPP in a multilevel surgical robotic setting. However, being quicker, easy to learn and with a low rate of complications, BRP is a safe, effective and promising option for treatment of OSAHS patients. © Copyright by Società Italiana di Otorinolaringologia e Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale, Rome, Italy.

  19. Comparison of Short- and Mid-term Efficacy and the Mechanisms of Gastric Bypass Surgeries on Managing Obese and Nonobese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaojuan; Cheng, Zhong; Xiao, Zhu; Du, Xiao; Du, Juan; Li, Yang; Long, Yang; Yu, Hongling; Zhang, Xiangxun; Tian, Haoming

    2015-05-01

    We targeted to investigate the efficacy and the mechanisms of two gastric bypass surgeries, Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Billroth II gastrojejunostomy on managing obese patients with T2DM and nonobese T2DM patients, respectively. Seven nonobese T2DM patients with gastric cancer submitted to Billroth II gastrojejunostomy were compared with nine obese T2DM patients undergoing RYGB about their baseline characteristics, weight loss and glycemic control, 3 months and 2 years after surgery. Meanwhile, β-cell function, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY) and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) levels were also investigated. Significant weight loss and improvement of glycemic control were observed in both groups and in the two follow-up periods. Reduction of body mass index was greater in obese patients with T2DM. The efficacy of Billroth II gastrojejunostomy on controlling blood glucose of nonobese T2DM was similar to that of RYGB on managing obese T2DM. Insulin levels and HOMA-IR were decreased in obese T2DM patients, whereas they remained unchanged in nonobese T2DM patients. Generally, levels of GLP-1 and PYY were increased, whereas GIP levels were decreased in both groups. Glycemic control efficacy of Billroth II gastrojejunostomy on managing nonobese T2DM is similar to that of RYGB on treating obese T2DM in the short- and mid-term. The underlying mechanisms of both surgeries may be related to weight loss and gut hormone modulations. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Comparison of the postoperative analgesic effects of naproxen sodium and naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate for arthroscopic meniscus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bali, Cagla; Ergenoglu, Pinar; Ozmete, Ozlem; Akin, Sule; Ozyilkan, Nesrin Bozdogan; Cok, Oya Yalcin; Aribogan, Anis

    2016-01-01

    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used to control arthroscopic pain. Addition of oral effective opioid "codeine" to NSAIDs may be more effective and decrease parenteral opioid consumption in the postoperative period. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of naproxen sodium and a new preparation naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate when administered preemptively for arthroscopic meniscectomy. Sixty-one patients were randomized into two groups to receive either oral naproxen sodium (Group N) or naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate (Group NC) before surgery. The surgery was carried out under general anesthesia. Intravenous meperidine was initiated by patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for all patients. The primary outcome measure was pain score at the first postoperative hour assessed by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Sedation assessed by Ramsey Sedation Scale, first demand time of PCA, postoperative meperidine consumption, side effects and hemodynamic data were also recorded. The groups were demographically comparable. Median VAS scores both at rest and on movement were significantly lower in Group NC compared with Group N, except 18(th) hour on movement (p0.05). The combination of naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate provided more effective analgesia than naproxen sodium and did not increase side effects. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  1. [Comparison of the postoperative analgesic effects of naproxen sodium and naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate for arthroscopic meniscus surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bali, Cagla; Ergenoglu, Pinar; Ozmete, Ozlem; Akin, Sule; Ozyilkan, Nesrin Bozdogan; Cok, Oya Yalcin; Aribogan, Anis

    2016-01-01

    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used to control arthroscopic pain. Addition of oral effective opioid "codeine" to NSAIDs may be more effective and decrease parenteral opioid consumption in the postoperative period. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of naproxen sodium and a new preparation naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate when administered preemptively for arthroscopic meniscectomy. Sixty-one patients were randomized into two groups to receive either oral naproxen sodium (Group N) or naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate (Group NC) before surgery. The surgery was carried out under general anesthesia. Intravenous meperidine was initiated by patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for all patients. The primary outcome measure was pain score at the first postoperative hour assessed by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Sedation assessed by Ramsey Sedation Scale, first demand time of PCA, postoperative meperidine consumption, side effects and hemodynamic data were also recorded. The groups were demographically comparable. Median VAS scores both at rest and on movement were significantly lower in Group NC compared with Group N, except 18(th) hour on movement (p0.05). The combination of naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate provided more effective analgesia than naproxen sodium and did not increase side effects. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  2. [Impact of the flipped classroom strategy in the learning environment in surgery: A comparison with the lectures].

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    Domínguez, Luis Carlos; Vega, Neil Valentín; Espitia, Erik Leonardo; Sanabria, Álvaro Enrique; Corso, Claudia; Serna, Adriana Margarita; Osorio, Camilo

    2015-01-01

    The Facultad de Medicina of the Universidad de La Sabana routinely uses lectures as the major educational strategy in clinical areas. Since 2012, a curriculum in context and a flipped classroom were introduced in the surgery course. To compare the impact of lectures versus the flipped classroom model in the learning environment in surgery. The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was administered to four cohorts of students. The five domains and the overall scores for both strategies were analyzed, and ANOVA was used to determine the differences among the domains (pflipped classroom, which suggests that this environment had a higher level of excellence. The ANOVA for each domain and the overall scores showed no differences with a flipped classroom. However, significant differences were identified in all domains and the overall scores with lectures (p0.90) for all measurements in both environments, and there was consistency across all cohorts. The flipped classroom strategy showed a higher score than the lecture-based approach according to the DREEM questionnaire. Identifying factors with a negative score is crucial to improving the learning environment. It is necessary to conduct further measurements over time to ensure the quality and success of the strategy.

  3. A prospective comparison of topical feracrylum citrate versus adrenaline as haemostatic agent in hypospadias surgery in children

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    Ashok Kumar Laddha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A comparative study of topical feracrylum citrate versus adrenaline to minimise haemorrhage-related complications in paediatric hypospadiac patients. Patients and Methods: A total of 108 consecutive paediatric hypospadiac patients (48 in the study group and 60 control - random allocation were studied. In the study group, 1% feracrylum citrate solution was used and adrenaline (1:100,000 in controls. Results: Among the study group, average number of blood-soaked gauge pieces were 2.95/patient, correlating with average intraoperative blood loss of 14.74 ml. In controls, average blood-soaked gauge pieces were 4.83/patient corresponding to an average blood loss of 24.13 ml. The average amount of blood loss during surgery in the <5 years was 13.70 ml/patient in the feracrylum group, while the same in the adrenaline group was 23.45 ml. Average duration of surgery was 79 min in the study group, while the same in controls was 94 min/patient. Average number of cauterisations was 0.255/patient in the study group and 0.583/patient among controls. Postoperative haematoma was seen in 8% study group compared with 18% controls. Wound oedema appeared in 4.17% study group and 11.67% controls. Postoperative complications were higher among controls. Conclusions: Feracrylum is more efficient and safer topical haemostatic agent than adrenaline. It reduced the frequency of cauterisation and tissue damage, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications.

  4. Survival Comparisons for Breast Conserving Surgery and Mastectomy Revisited: Community Experience and the Role of Radiation Therapy

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    Onitilo, Adedayo A.; Engel, Jessica M.; Stankowski, Rachel V.; Doi, Suhail A.R.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Evidence suggests superiority of breast conserving surgery (BCS) plus radiation over mastectomy alone for treatment of early stage breast cancer. Whether the superiority of BCS plus radiation is related to the surgical approach itself or to the addition of adjuvant radiation therapy following BCS remains unclear. Materials and Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women with breast cancer diagnosed from 1994–2012. Data regarding patient and tumor characteristics and treatment specifics were captured electronically. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed with inverse probability of treatment weighting to reduce selection bias effects in surgical assignment. Results Data from 5335 women were included, of which two-thirds had BCS and one-third had mastectomy. Surgical decision trends changed over time with more women undergoing mastectomy in recent years. Women who underwent BCS versus mastectomy differed significantly regarding age, cancer stage/grade, adjuvant radiation, chemotherapy, and endocrine treatment. Overall survival was similar for BCS and mastectomy. When BCS plus radiation was compared to mastectomy alone, 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival was 96.5% vs 93.4%, 92.9% vs 88.3% and 80.9% vs 67.2%, respectively. Conclusion These analyses suggest that survival benefit is not related only to the surgery itself, but that the prognostic advantage of BCS plus radiation over mastectomy may also be related to the addition of adjuvant radiation therapy. This conclusion requires prospective confirmation in randomized trials. PMID:25487237

  5. Diagnostics of Thyroid Malignancy and Indications for Surgery in the Elderly and Younger Counterparts: Comparison of 3,749 Patients

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    Krzysztof Kaliszewski

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. It seems valuable for clinicians to know if diagnostics of thyroid malignancy (TM and indications for surgery in the elderly patients differ from these in younger counterparts. Materials and Methods. Retrospective analysis of the medical records of 3,749 patients surgically treated for thyroid tumor. Data of patients with histopathology confirmed TM (n=309 were studied. Results. The rate of cytological prediction to malignancy was more than three times higher in elderly women. Compression was a main reason for surgery in the elderly (p<0.0001. The final diagnosis of malignancy was significantly higher in older women (p=0.002. Clinical suspicion of malignancy was positively correlated with histopathological diagnosis in total group of women (r=0.543, p<0.001 and total group of men (r=0.560, p<0.001. The subgroup of the eldest TM patients included a significantly higher number of subjects with advanced cancer and primary tumor progression (p<0.0001. Distant metastases were significantly more presented among the elderly patients (p=0.032. Conclusions. The rate of cytological prediction to malignancy in elderly women is high. Tracheal compression is a common surgical indication in the elderly patients. The final diagnoses of malignancy predominate in elderly women. The oldest TM patients present a higher number of advanced thyroid tumors and distant metastases.

  6. Bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA: indications, functional results, and comparison with reconstructive surgery of the ear

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    Bento, Ricardo Ferreira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA is a bone conduction hearing device that transmits sound directly into the inner ear. It is mainly used in patients with conductive hearing loss associated with aural atresia, but it is also used in those with mixed and sensorineural hearing loss. Goals: To review the main indications for BAHA, to analyze the audiometric results and its benefits for patients and compare them with other treatment modalities, and to compare the literature data with our sample of 13 patients. Method: The research was performed using a database covering works in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, with no limitations in the years when the procedures were performed. We compared the literature data with our results for the 13 patients who underwent BAHA implantation between the years 2000 and 2009. Results: Most of the studies showed that BAHA has great advantages over reconstructive surgery in terms of hearing results, complications, and disease recurrence. The postoperative results for our 13 patients were satisfactory and comparable with the results from the literature, with closure of the air-bone gap in 7 patients and achieving an air-bone gap of 10 dB in 6 patients. No postoperative complications were observed. Conclusion: BAHA is a better treatment option than reconstructive surgery for patients with bilateral deafness. It is a relatively simple surgical procedure with few complications and good hearing results. Recent studies have examined its use in conductive and unilateral sensorineural hearing loss.

  7. Bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA): indications, functional results, and comparison with reconstructive surgery of the ear.

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    Bento, Ricardo Ferreira; Kiesewetter, Alessandra; Ikari, Liliane Satomi; Brito, Rubens

    2012-07-01

     The bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) is a bone conduction hearing device that transmits sound directly into the inner ear. It is mainly used in patients with conductive hearing loss associated with aural atresia, but it is also used in those with mixed and sensorineural hearing loss.  To review the main indications for BAHA, to analyze the audiometric results and its benefits for patients and compare them with other treatment modalities, and to compare the literature data with our sample of 13 patients.  The research was performed using a database covering works in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, with no limitations in the years when the procedures were performed. We compared the literature data with our results for the 13 patients who underwent BAHA implantation between the years 2000 and 2009.  Most of the studies showed that BAHA has great advantages over reconstructive surgery in terms of hearing results, complications, and disease recurrence. The postoperative results for our 13 patients were satisfactory and comparable with the results from the literature, with closure of the air-bone gap in 7 patients and achieving an air-bone gap of 10 dB in 6 patients. No postoperative complications were observed.  BAHA is a better treatment option than reconstructive surgery for patients with bilateral deafness. It is a relatively simple surgical procedure with few complications and good hearing results. Recent studies have examined its use in conductive and unilateral sensorineural hearing loss.

  8. Comparison of ceftibuten vs. amoxicillin/clavulanic acid as antibiotic prophylaxis in cholecystectomy and/or biliary tract surgery.

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    Orozco, H; Sifuentes-Osornio, J; Chan, C; Medina-Franco, H; Vargas-Vorackova, F; Prado, E; Arch, J

    2000-01-01

    A randomized, comparative, prospective clinical trial was carried out at a tertiary care center to compare the efficacy of two antibiotic regimens in the prophylaxis of postoperative infection in patients undergoing biliary tract surgery. One hundred patients undergoing cholecystectomy or biliary tract exploration were randomly allocated to one of the following antibiotic regimens: the standard regimen of three doses of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (1000/200 mg) given by intravenous infusion, or a single dose of ceftibuten (400 mg) given orally. Patients were monitored during their stay in the hospital and over a 2 week period as outpatients. Fifty adult patients were included in each group. Mean age was 49 years, and sex distribution was 82 women and 18 men. The groups were comparable in terms of demographic characteris