WorldWideScience

Sample records for redaktore rente ligere

  1. HOME Rent Limits

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — In accordance with 24 CFR Part 92.252, HUD provides maximum HOME rent limits. The maximum HOME rents are the lesser of: The fair market rent for existing housing for...

  2. Rent Control with Rent Discrimination Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, A. Ross; McDonald, John F.

    1997-01-01

    Questions the recently developed arguments (per George Kondor and R. Arnott) that rent controls can increase the quantity of housing supplied. Maintains that tenant favorable regulatory programs constrict profit, mobility, development, and construction. Argues that any subsequent increases in housing are due to price discrimination. (MJP)

  3. 50th Percentile Rent Estimates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Rent estimates at the 50th percentile (or median) are calculated for all Fair Market Rent areas. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are primarily used to determine payment...

  4. HPC: Rent or Buy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredette, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    "Rent or buy?" is a question people ask about everything from housing to textbooks. It is also a question universities must consider when it comes to high-performance computing (HPC). With the advent of Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), Microsoft Windows HPC Server, Rackspace's OpenStack, and other cloud-based services, researchers now have…

  5. 24 CFR 982.507 - Rent to owner: Reasonable rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.507 Rent to owner: Reasonable rent. (a) PHA determination. (1) The PHA may not.... To make this determination, the PHA must consider: (1) The location, quality, size, unit type, and...

  6. Bureaucratic Rents and Life Satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Luechinger, Simon; Meier, Stephan; Stutzer, Alois

    2006-01-01

    Institutions affect bureaucrats' possibilities to acquire rents; they determine the degree of accountability and responsiveness of officials and of political control of the bureaucracy and, thereby, the size and distribution of rents in the public sphere. Those rents can involve higher wages, monetary and nonmonetary fringe benefits, and bribes. We propose a direct measure to capture the total of these rents: the difference in subjective well-being between bureaucrats and people working in th...

  7. Rent control and unemployment duration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Rosholm, Michael; Munch, Jakob Roland

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we analyse how rent control affects the duration of individual unemployment. In atheoretical search model we distinguish between two effects of rent control. On one hand, rentcontrol reduces housing mobility and hence mobility in the labour market. On the other hand, tomaintain rent...

  8. Det rent menneskelige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Togeby, Ole

    2006-01-01

    Omtale af Michael Tomasellos teorier om at sproget som det rent menneskelige er baseret på en empati og tillid, som kommer til udtryk i at selv små børn forstår når en anden peger, hvad aber ikke gør. Udgivelsesdato: 12.april 2006......Omtale af Michael Tomasellos teorier om at sproget som det rent menneskelige er baseret på en empati og tillid, som kommer til udtryk i at selv små børn forstår når en anden peger, hvad aber ikke gør. Udgivelsesdato: 12.april 2006...

  9. Design of forest rent accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Osadcha

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The urgent task for the effective functioning of the national economy is the need to reflect income from the use of forest resources in accounting, which will allow management personnel to prove the effectiveness of environmental protection measures, to assess the amount of expenses taken during restoration and protection of forest resources. The study aims at identifying characteristics of forest rent to determine the amount and its reflection in the accounting for its management. The author understands a forest rent as the income received from the owner of forest resources. The above procedure for determining the amount of forest rent can be used to display it in the accounting. A forest rent is a type of business income, so for its reflection in the accounting it is proposed to open the analytical accounts to account 79 named «Financial results». To determine the amount of forest rent and its reflection in the accounting the author suggests the calculation form of a forest rent. In order to manage the size of a forest rent and expenses incurred to obtain it the author proposes to use the information from the developed report about the forest rent formation. The displaying forest rents in accounting will provide accurate and deep information to the management about the revenue and assets of a company. The rational use of forest resources and accounting reflection of a forest rent will strengthen control over the influence of human activity on natural resources and keep the conception of sustainable development.

  10. Rent Seeking: A Textbook Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecorino, Paul

    2007-01-01

    The author argues that the college textbook market provides a clear example of monopoly seeking as described by Tullock (1967, 1980). This behavior is also known as rent seeking. Because this market is important to students, this example of rent seeking will be of particular interest to them. (Contains 24 notes.)

  11. Scarcity rents and airport charges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burghouwt, G.; de Wit, W.

    2015-01-01

    This report addresses the responses related to scarcity rents and airport charges. The Commission has asked ITF/SEO to provide evidence on scarcity rents in the London airport system. Different reports submitted in response to the Commission’s consultation make different assumptions on the way

  12. 24 CFR 982.509 - Rent to owner: Effect of rent control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.509 Rent to owner: Effect of rent control. In addition to the rent reasonableness...

  13. Small Area Fair Market Rent

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Due to the increasing demand for more localized rents for a variety of purposes, HUD is making Small Area FMRs for all metropolitan areas available. Small Area FMRs...

  14. Rents in a welfare state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This chapter describes rents in Denmark, a developed welfare state in which the private sector is sharply delimitated and kept efficient by secure property rights and markets including free trade. In the public sector, rents in the form of excess costs that provide benefits are difficult to measure......-governmental organizations have been coopted to serve large welfare expenditure programs that benefit the welfare coalition....

  15. Rent Control: A Comparative Analysis | Maass | Potchefstroom ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad ... tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. ... KEYWORDS: Constitution; landlord-tenant law; rent control; rent regulation; ...

  16. 24 CFR 983.303 - Reasonable rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Rent to Owner § 983.303 Reasonable rent. (a) Comparability requirement... that affect market rent, such as: (i) The location, quality, size, unit type, and age of the contract... the housing assistance payment based on the comparability analysis may not have any direct or indirect...

  17. Asymmetric Properties of Office Rent Adjustment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Brounen (Dirk); M.G.J. Jennen (Maarten)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we use an error correction model for understanding the changes in real office rents for a panel of 15 U.S. MSA's over the period 1990-2007. We find that office rents in all cities react positively to a rise in office employment and lagged rent changes, while lagged

  18. 24 CFR 850.153 - Rent control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent control. 850.153 Section 850... PROGRAM) HOUSING DEVELOPMENT GRANTS Project Management § 850.153 Rent control. A project constructed or substantially rehabilitated with a housing development grant is not subject to State or local rent control...

  19. The carbon rent economics of climate policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kalkuhl, Matthias; Brecha, Robert J.

    2013-01-01

    By reducing the demand for fossil fuels, climate policy can reduce scarcity rents for fossil resource owners. As mitigation policies ultimately aim to limit emissions, a new scarcity for “space” in the atmosphere to deposit emissions is created. The associated scarcity rent, or climate rent (that is, for example, directly visible in permit prices under an emission trading scheme) can be higher or lower than the original fossil resource rent. In this paper, we analyze analytically and numerically the impact of mitigation targets, resource availability, backstop costs, discount rates and demand parameters on fossil resource rents and the climate rent. We assess whether and how owners of oil, gas and coal can be compensated by a carbon permit grandfathering rule. One important finding is that reducing (cumulative) fossil resource use could actually increase scarcity rents and benefit fossil resource owners under a permit grandfathering rule. For our standard parameter setting overall scarcity rents under climate policy increase slightly. While low discount rates of resource owners imply higher rent losses due to climate policies, new developments of reserves or energy efficiency improvements could more than double scarcity rents under climate policy. Another important implication is that agents receiving the climate rent (regulating institutions or owners of grandfathered permits) could influence the climate target such that rents are maximized, rather than to limit global warming to a socially desirable level. For our basic parameter setting, rents would be maximized at approximately 650 GtC emissions (50% of business-as-usual emissions) implying a virtual certainty of exceeding a 2 °C target and a likelihood of 4 °C warming. - Highlights: • Fossil resource rents form a substantial share of the global GDP. • Fossil resource owners can benefit from climate policy. • Climate targets might be influenced by rent-maximizing aspects

  20. Evaluation of economic rent of hydropower projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shrestha, Ram M.; Abeygunawardana, A.M.A.K.

    2009-01-01

    Existing studies have mostly estimated the ex post economic rent of hydropower for the hydroelectric system of a province or a country as a whole and have ignored the site- or project-specific variations in the economic rent of hydropower plants. Further, most of the existing studies have used simplified methods to calculate the rent ex post. This paper presents a rigorous methodology for estimation of site-specific (i.e., project specific) economic rent of hydropower ex ante. It applies the methodology in the case of a hydropower project and analyzes the sensitivity of the rent to variations in some key parameters.

  1. Management of business economic growth as function of resource rents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prljić, Stefan; Nikitović, Zorana; Stojanović, Aleksandra Golubović; Cogoljević, Dušan; Pešić, Gordana; Alizamir, Meysam

    2018-02-01

    Economic profit could be influenced by economic rents. However natural resource rents provided different impact on the economic growth or economic profit. The main focus of the study was to evaluate the economic growth as function of natural resource rents. For such a purpose machine learning approach, artificial neural network, was used. The used natural resource rents were coal rents, forest rents, mineral rents, natural gas rents and oil rents. Based on the results it is concluded that the machine learning approach could be used as the tool for the economic growth evaluation as function of natural resource rents. Moreover the more advanced approaches should be incorporated to improve more the forecasting accuracy.

  2. Resource rents, power, and political stability

    OpenAIRE

    Kjetil Bjorvatn; Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

    2014-01-01

    We study the association between resource rents and political stability, highlighting the importance of the distribution of political power as a mediating factor. We present a simple theoretical model showing that increased rents are likely to be positively associated with the stability of a powerful incumbent while destabilizing a less powerful incumbent. Our empirical analysis confirms this prediction: Using panel data for more than 120 countries from 1984-2009, our results show that rents ...

  3. Radon Infiltration in Rented Accommodation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    2017-01-01

    in homes was measured and the Buildings were registered for a series of variables describing upgrades, facilities, building components, Construction characteristics and used materials. In addition, the radon level was measured in the basement in 9 of the buildings. The mean year value of the indoor radon......Indoor radon levels were measured in 221 homes located in 53 buildings, including 28 multi-occupant houses and 25 single-family terraced houses. The homes consisted of rented accommodation located in buildings recorded as being constructed before 2010 and after the year 1850. The radon level...... radon levels exceeding 100 Bq/m3 in homes in multi-occupant houses was found to be very low, but the risk was highest on the ground floor in a building constructed with slab on ground....

  4. RENT CONTROL: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sue-Mari Maass

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders – and consequential homelessness – on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do not have access to alternative accommodation. In terms of the Constitution, this group of marginalised tenants have a constitutional right of access to adequate housing and a right to occupy land with legally secure tenure. The purpose of this article is to critically analyse a number of legislative interventions, and specifically rent control, that were imposed in various jurisdictions in order to provide strengthened tenure protection for tenants. The rationale for this analysis is to determine whether the current South African landlord-tenant regime is able to provide adequate tenure protection for vulnerable tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. The legal construction of rent control was adopted in pre-1994 South Africa, England and New York City to provide substantive tenure protection for tenants during housing shortages. These statutory interventions in the different private rental markets were justified on the basis that there was a general need to protect tenants against exploitation by landlords. However, the justification for the persistent imposition of rent control in New York City is different since it protects a minority group of financially weak tenants against homelessness. The English landlord-tenant regime highlights the importance of a well-structured social sector that can provide secure, long-term housing options for low-income households who are struggling to access the private rental sector. Additionally, the English rental housing framework shows that if the social sector is functioning as a "safety net" for low-income households, the private sector would be able to uphold

  5. The Capitalism, Rent and Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor S. Martyanov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available By inertia, which derives from Adam Smith, modern capitalism is described as a free-market competition. This historical model has worked while the market expands and the availability of resources increases. It provided the opportunity to maintain the political order of the welfare state as a form of non-economic egalitarian distribution of resources, which mitigates inequality and class antagonisms generated by market. However, once capitalism has engulfed the whole world, it is more prone to crises: competition intensifies, markets of demand and market outlets do not expand, technological progress creates a growing structural unemployment, economic growth due to the completion of the global village-city transition stagnates, the resources of all the peripheries are almost exhausted. As a result, nationalism and protectionism arise, the polarization between the global center and the periphery increases, and there comes the image of undemocratic and non-egalitarian labor less society on the horizon of the future, with the precariat and the unemployed growing in numbers and demanding large amounts of rent to maintain their livelihoods. Due to this, the market model of capitalism is gradually transforming into a rental one, where the pursuit of profit, the main motivational factor intrinsic to the market, is removed by the pursuit of rent and the redistribution of markets by non-economic ways. In this context, the state becomes the key economic actor, which distributes resources by extra-market means within the hierarchy of rental groups that form the framework of a new structure of the political community.

  6. Accounting management software intellectual rent companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Osadcha

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Економічні науки. – 2015. – № 4 (74. – P. 43–49: Table 4. – Refs.: 22. As a result of the study it has been established that intellectual rent as additional income arises resulting from the usage of intellectual property objects. At present the issue of the accounting reflection of transactions that form intellectual rent remains to be not thoroughly disclosed and requires more depth study for improving the performance of the innovative enterprises as well as for increasing the informativeness of the accounting system. In connection with the above defined organizational and methodical aspects of accounting operations with intellectual rent in assessing the rents of its type, the definition of accounts for the accounting reflection of the order determining the amount of intellectual rent on accounting data. Proposed document that would facilitate the work of accountants for the calculation of the amount of intellectual rent and provide information about the effectiveness of the company. Application of the proposed method of accounting reflect the formation and distribution of intellectual rent allows management personnel to provide the necessary innovative activity of the enterprise information management rent, since it is a type of income of the enterprise.

  7. Evaluating the Buy or Rent Housing Decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Joseph M.

    This booklet offers guidelines by which a person can make an informed decision about whether buying or renting a house is the best individual alternative. Advantages and disadvantages of both buying and renting are listed. Cost considerations are discussed and compared along with such considerations as selection of the time to buy and estimation…

  8. 24 CFR 886.110 - Contract rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES... Fair Market Rents for Existing Housing, except that they may be exceeded by: (1) Up to 10 percent if... 75 percent of the published Section 8 Fair Market Rents for New Construction, which limitation may be...

  9. Status rent in new developing economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandrova Natal'ja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The status rent and conditions of its appearance are characterized in new developing economy by the position of new political economy. The bases of the general theory of rent were laid by classicists of political economy (F. Cene, A. Smith, J. Anderson, J. Mill, T. Maltus, D. Ricardo, K. Marx. They differentiated the rare rent (natural, absolute rent and differential land rent. Neoclassicists widened the definition of rent understanding it as income from any productive factor not only from land. Mostly, investigators of rent keep to two main postulates. Firstly, it is over profit, the income of special kind connected with using of exclusive, limited or rare goods for some time. Secondly, the rent is owned by the owners of these goods. These statements belonging to the natural rent can be used for the analysis of others, unnatural kinds of rent. The status rent belongs here. Let us analyze the status rent from the position of new political economy. As old political economy the new one also has its object - economic relations in the society and it call for the opening of deep, important processes of economic life. But by contrast with old political economy the new one, firstly, is based on other methodology (institutional economy, the theory of social choice, system approach; secondly, it studies economic relations not as static (the position of different classes, but as dynamic in economic behavior; thirdly, it is not confrontational: economic relations are understood not as antagonistic with non-avoidance of social cataclysm but as conflict-compromising; fourthly, it operates not only with social aggregates (class, country, social group, but it is also directed to a person, his/her freedom of choice in economic behavior; and, finally, fifthly, it overcomes the past careful marking out of other sciences, and, on the contrary, strives for an interdisciplinary approach in the stream of modern institutionalism including the problems of sociology

  10. 24 CFR 982.506 - Negotiating rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.506 Negotiating rent to owner. The owner and the family negotiate the rent to owner. At the...

  11. Mine rent and the new economic system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cadan, K. (Federalni Ministerstvo Paliv a Energetiky, Prague (Czechoslovakia))

    1989-09-01

    Reviews historical concept of ground rents with reference to works of Adam Smith and David Ricardo and to 19th century capitalism and Marxism-Leninism. Asks whether mine rents can exist under a socialist system and examines theoretical basis for mine rents, which includes socio-economic aspects, geological conditions, proximity to markets and environmental considerations. Compares mine rents with agricultural land rents and analyzes value of end product (coal) and effect of pricing method on it. Explains pricing system in Czechoslovakia, which involves 3 groupings: coking coal, coke and energy coal (including briquets), the price of each of which is set according to average costs and geological conditions. Surplus revenue (or positive mine rent) only arises therefore at mines where the production costs are lower than fixed trade prices. Discusses in general terms application of new economic system (perestroika) to concept of mine rent and assessment of mine profitability and concludes that method of pricing solid fuels will play a decisive role. 4 refs.

  12. Petro Rents, Political Institutions, and Hidden Wealth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jørgen Juel; Johannesen, Niels; Lassen, David Dreyer

    2017-01-01

    Do political institutions limit rent seeking by politicians? We study the transformation of petroleum rents, almost universally under direct government control, into hidden wealth using unique data on bank deposits in offshore financial centers that specialize in secrecy and asset protection. Our...... rulers is diverted to secret accounts. We find very limited evidence that shocks to other types of income not directly controlled by governments affect hidden wealth....

  13. 24 CFR 882.408 - Initial contract rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH...-Basic Policies § 882.408 Initial contract rents. (a) Fair Market Rent limitation. The Fair Market Rent Schedule for Moderate Rehabilitation is 120 percent of the Existing Housing Fair Market Rent Schedule...

  14. Destructive competition : oil and rent seeking in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Selvik, Kjetil

    2005-01-01

    In countries with poorly developed institutions, rent seeking may impose serious costs for the economy. Our analysis demonstrates how rent seeking distorts the economy through two channels. First, there is the direct cost of the resources wasted in the rent seeking contest. Second, rent seeking distorts firms’ investment decisions, and leads to underinvestment. We conduct a case study of rent seeking in Iran in order to gain a better understanding of the phenomenon. Iran is ...

  15. 24 CFR 882.410 - Rent adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM) SECTION 8 MODERATE REHABILITATION PROGRAMS Special Procedures for Moderate Rehabilitation-Basic... Annual Adjustment Factor by the base rents. However, if the amounts borrowed to finance the rehabilitation costs or to finance purchase of the property are subject to a variable rate or are otherwise...

  16. Gas power production, surplus concepts and the transformation of hydro-electric rent into resource rent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amundsen, Eirik S.

    1997-01-01

    The paper considers the effects of introducing large scale gas power production capacity into an electricity sector based on hydropower. In this process the economic rent is transmitted from the hydro power sector to the resource rent in the gas power sector, but is along the way intermingled with ordinary producer surplus and quasi-rent stemming from increasing cost conditions in the production infrastructure and capacity constraints. The net effect on total rent generated depends on development in demand, demand elasticities, costs saved from delaying hydropower projects and the existence of producer surplus in gas power generation. The paper closes with a discussion of possible tax base changes following from the introduction of a thermal power system based on natural gas

  17. Rent-seeking behaviors in property development: A literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Suhaila; Aziz, Abdul Rashid Abdul

    2017-11-01

    This paper reviews the literature on rent-seeking behaviors in property development, and discusses three major areas: (1) definition and concept of rent-seeking; (2) factors for the rent-seeking behavior appeared; and (3) the impact of rent-seeking behaviors, particularly on property development. In general, there is no exact word that can define what rent-seeking is. It is found that from the reviewed studies that a few researches have adopted search tasks to predict rent-seeking behavior effects in the economy and the respective economic performance. Based on the findings of the review, rent-seeking behavior increases social cost and this might lead to problems such as corruption. This paper paves the way for future studies in examining rent-seeking behaviors in the Malaysian property development, especially for targeted actions to be taken to alleviate upward pressure on home prices.

  18. Forest Rent as an Object of Economic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisichko Andriyana M.

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at researching the concept of forest rent as an object of economic analysis. The essence of the concept of «forest rent» has been researched. It has been defined that the forest rent is the object of management of the forest complex of Ukraine as a whole and forest enterprises in particular. Rent for special use of forest resources is the object of interest om the part of both the State and the corporate sector, because its value depends on the cost of timber for industry and households. Works of scholars on classification of rents were studied. It has been determined that the rent for specialized use of forest resources is a special kind of natural rent. The structure of constituents in the system of rent relations in the forest sector has been defined in accordance with provisions of the tax code of Ukraine.

  19. 27 CFR 6.35 - Renting display space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Renting display space. 6.35 Section 6.35 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Renting display space. The renting of display space by an industry member at a retail establishment...

  20. 27 CFR 6.56 - Renting display space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Renting display space. 6.56 Section 6.56 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Distribution Service § 6.56 Renting display space. A promotion whereby an industry member rents display space...

  1. 24 CFR 983.353 - Tenant rent; payment to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Payment to Owner § 983.353 Tenant rent; payment to... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant rent; payment to owner. 983... owner. (b) Tenant payment to owner. (1) The family is responsible for paying the tenant rent (total...

  2. Must producers earn a resource rent?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Austvik, Ole Gunnar

    2003-01-01

    In petroleum producing countries it has been a prevailing opinion that a resource rent should be earned by petroleum producers due to the commodities' non-renewable nature. An important element in this logic is that the supply of oil and natural gas is limited to relatively few places in the world. As the resources are exploited, the remaining reserves are reduced. What is extracted today cannot be extracted tomorrow. Rationing of the scarce resource takes place through pricing mechanisms. Due to the scarcity the consumers must pay a higher price than the marginal production costs, so that the amounts supplied and demanded become equal. Most producers of oil and gas and not just the ones that produce the cheapest, have therefore until now earned an economic rent

  3. An estimation of the Swiss hydropower rent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Banfi, Silvia; Filippini, Massimo; Mueller, Adrian

    2005-01-01

    The electricity generation in Switzerland is mostly based on hydropower (∼58%) and nuclear power (∼38%). The exploitation of water in the hydropower sector can generate significant economic rent. One possibility to capture this rent is through royalties or fees. This system has been used in Switzerland since many decades. However, the actual water fee system is not flexible and does not take into consideration different production costs between the type and location of hydropower plants. Furthermore, storage plants can sell electricity to a higher price than run-of-river plants. A flexible system is needed in a liberalized electricity market, to take into account these different production situations and the fact that prices may vary considerably over time. The main goal of this paper is to calculate the potential economic rent that could be generated in the Swiss hydropower sector under a future liberalized market. Based on the results of the paper, it can be concluded that the introduction of a flexible fee system could improve the competitiveness of the hydropower sector and promote an energy system based on renewable energy sources

  4. Product market integration, rents and wage inequality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben M.; Sørensen, Allan

    "protection" and "specialization" rents. In particular, wage inequality among similar workers (residual wage inequality) may be U-shaped, at first decreasing and then increasing in the process of product market integration. Consequently, there may be gains in both the efficiency and the equity dimension until......Globalization in the form of product market integration affects labour markets and produces winners and losers. While there are aggregate gains, it is in general ambiguous how inequality is affected. We explore this issue in a Ricardian model and show that it depends on the balance between...

  5. The CPI for rents: a case of understated inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Theodore M. Crone; Leonard I. Nakamura; Richard Voith

    2006-01-01

    Until the end of 1977, the method used in the U.S. consumer price index (CPI) to measure rent inflation tended to omit rent increases when units had a change of tenants or were vacant. Since such units typically had more rapid increases in rents than average units, this response bias biased inflation estimates downward. Beginning in 1978, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) implemented a series of methodological changes that reduced response bias but substantial bias remained until 1985. We ...

  6. Loss aversion and rent-seeking: An experimental study

    OpenAIRE

    Kong, Xiaojing

    2008-01-01

    We report an experiment designed to evaluate the impact of loss aversion on rent-seeking contests. We find, as theoretically predicted, a negative relationship between rent-seeking expenditures and loss aversion. However, for any degree of loss aversion, levels of rent-seeking expenditure are higher than predicted. Moreover, we find that the effect of loss aversion becomes weaker with repetition of the contest.

  7. The Features of Rent Relationships in Conditions of Innovative Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patlatoy Oleksandr Ye.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with studying the economic content of the categories of «rent» and «quasi-rent», classification of their main forms arising in terms of relationships in the science and innovation sphere, and analyzing the specificity of formation of these incomes in conditions of contemporary innovation economy. The content of the category of «rent» as a form of income arising from the relationship of at least three entities has been revised; in the case of a scientific-innovation rent, it is the holder of a patent or a license holder, an industrial capitalist or an employee who creates a new or improved product; in some cases, the fourth entity of rent may be a hired researcher. In this relationship, the additional income earned by entrepreneurs in the event of commercial success has been defined as technological (innovation quasi-rent, which can change inversely proportional to the scientific-innovation rent. It has been proved that countries with innovation economies, acting as the main recipients of scientific-innovation rents, may concede to the technological quasi-rent of the less developed countries, in particular, to China.

  8. Water rent: essence, sources of formation and accounting reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Osadcha

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There is the urgent necessity of the transition to a higher level of economic relations in the system of environmental management in the present conditions of economy of the country. As a result, the issues like formation of information support for water rent management, determining the ways of its calculation, distribution as well as usage of water rents require urgent solutions. The study focuses on the essence of water rent and forming organizational and methodological provisions of its accounting reflection to ensure sustainable ecological and economic development of the enterprise. As a result of research the classification of water rent, that affects reflection of such rent in accounting has been formed. It is established that the amount of water rent for accounting reflection can be defined as the difference between actual and normal profit of enterprise-water users. A number of analytical accounts of first and second order as well as the typical correspondence of accounts for accounting reflection of water rent have been suggested. The information from the Report on the formation of water rent that contains data on the sources of payback of expenses incurred for the maintenance of water bodies and the impact of ecological condition of water body on the size of water rent has been suggested to be used in order to manage the size of water rent and expenses incurred to obtain it. Thus, determining the amount of water rent will allow management personnel to adjust the activity of the company in accordance with the strategic objectives of the company’s development regarding the profitability and compliance with the concept of sustainable development.

  9. 24 CFR 888.115 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing..., SECTION 202 DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811... MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Fair Market Rents § 888.115 Fair market rents...

  10. 24 CFR 960.253 - Choice of rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section. Except for financial hardship cases as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, the family may... on the market rent charged for comparable units in the private unassisted rental market. It is equal... determine the flat rent, the PHA must consider: (i) The location, quality, size, unit type and age of the...

  11. Election cycles in natural resource rents : Empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; de Haan, Jakob

    We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975-2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource

  12. Election cycles in natural resource rents: Empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; Haan, de Jakob

    2016-01-01

    We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975-2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource

  13. Game theoretic aspects of crowd renting | Nwobi-Okoye | Science ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Politicians and businessmen use various strategies to outwit their opponents. One such strategy is crowd renting, a powerful virtual strategy. A mathematical model developed by Nwobi-Okoye using game theory is used to show that crowd renting would always be the equilibrium strategy in strategic interactions involving ...

  14. Office Rents Not Cost Effective, Assumptions and Calculations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tempelmans Plat, H.; Witting, S.

    2002-01-01

    Office rents are not sufficient to compensate for the costs of the continuation of the exploitation process in the long run. Together with the book profit at the moment of sale, the rent may be sufficient merely to give a reasonable return on the historical investment. Viewing the exploitation

  15. The consumers' rent vs. buy decision in the rentailer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knox, G.A.H.; Eliashberg, J.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we focus on the perspective and business model of the rentailer — a retail outlet that rents and sells new and used home video titles. This requires predicting the consumer's decision to rent or buy a particular title, segmenting its customer base, and pricing new and used titles. We

  16. Do short-term rent platforms affect rents? Evidence from Airbnb in Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Segú, Mariona

    2018-01-01

    Peer-to-peer platforms such as airbnb have recently entered the market thanks to the development of new technologies and their influence on traditional markets remains still understudied. Similarly, the multiplicity of local regulations adopted by big touristic cities in developed countries shows a lack of consensus both on the consequences and on the role of regulation. However, the actual impact of airbnb’s market entry on rents remains still unknown. I assess the causal impact of the begin...

  17. Neural Networks Modelling of Municipal Real Estate Market Rent Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muczyński Andrzej

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research on the application of neural networks modelling of municipal real estate market rent rates. The test procedure was based on selected networks trained on the local real estate market data and transformation of the detected dependencies – through established models – to estimate the potential market rent rates of municipal premises. On this basis, the assessment of the adequacy of the actual market rent rates of municipal properties was made. Empirical research was conducted on the local real estate market of the city of Olsztyn in Poland. In order to describe the phenomenon of market rent rates formation an unidirectional three-layer network and a network of radial base was selected. Analyses showed a relatively low degree of convergence of the actual municipal rent rents with potential market rent rates. This degree was strongly varied depending on the type of business ran on the property and its’ social and economic impact. The applied research methodology and the obtained results can be used in order to rationalize municipal property management, including the activation of rental policy.

  18. Rents in property rights creation and implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žarković Jelena

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The institution of property rights is increasingly being recognized as an essential building block of an economically prosperous society. The question that remains unanswered however, is how do we develop effective property rights institutions? The literature dealing with the development of property rights tends to be, in general, overly optimistic since there is a tendency to view the design of property rights institutions as optimizing decisions to economize on transaction costs and to facilitate new economic activities. On the other hand, since property rights define the distribution of wealth and political power in a society changes in property rights structures are likely to be influenced by more than pure efficiency considerations. Therefore, in order to achieve a balanced analysis of the evolution of property rights institutions our article introduces the state in the whole process. Following the propositions of the interest group theory of government we show an important relationship between rent seeking and state involvement in property rights creation. The state with a coercive power to establish and enforce property rights can also use that power, through the process of economic regulation, to redistribute property rights to politically influential interest groups. Herein lies the state failure in property rights creation.

  19. ABOUT DISTRIBUTION OF NATURAL RENTS IN MODERN RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.B. Morozov

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Authors analyses available position of more full distribution of natural rents from obtaining business to State for decision many socio-economic problem in scientific and journalistic literature. With position of civil law they reveal fact that present-day appropriation of State minerals which become property of extracting enterprises show the legal nonsense. This fact is contradict current legislation. Instead of function point of view about forms of rent withdrawal from income obtaining enterprises authoress thinking that the most lawful and fair way of receipt natural rent by State like owner of minerals is contractor’s agreement on extraction minerals.

  20. Business Plan for the rent of the house

    OpenAIRE

    Řezáčová, Radka

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to create a business plan focused on the rent of the house which might be built in Ostrava-Vitkovice. It analyses 2 renting possibilities-flats for senior residents or rooms for tourists. The aim of the work is to find out if it makes sense to built that house. The work compares both renting options and evaluate the most viable and effective one. In the introduction there are described methodics which are used and discussed subsequently in the practical part. In the ...

  1. Hydroelectric rent and precipitation variability: the case of Norway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amundsen, E.S.; Tjoetta, Sigve

    1993-01-01

    Norway is about to reorganize its electricity production sector from a predominantly administered one to one which is based on market prices and principles of efficiency. The objective of this paper is to model the energy sector and to measure the size of hydro rent before and after the reorganization. We construct a regionally diversified and integrated equilibrium model of production, transmission and distribution of hydroelectricity. Particular attention is paid to the role of precipitation variability for the size and regional variation of hydro rent. We consider alternative routes for assessing the size of hydro rent in a long-run perspective. (author)

  2. 24 CFR 886.310 - Initial contract rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH... and do not exceed 120 percent of the most recently published Section 8 Fair Market Rents for Existing...

  3. Can rent adjustment clauses reduce the income risk of farms?

    OpenAIRE

    Hotopp, Henning; Mußhoff, Oliver

    2012-01-01

    Risk management is gaining importance in agriculture. In addition to traditional instruments, new risk management instruments are increasingly being proposed. These proposals include the rent adjustment clauses (RACs), which seem to be an unusual instrument at first sight. In contrast with conventional instruments, RACs intentionally allow fixed-cost ‘rent payments’ to fluctuate. We investigate the whole-farm risk reduction potential of different types of RACs via a historical simulation....

  4. Social norms on rent seeking and preferences for redistribution

    OpenAIRE

    Sabatini, Fabio; Sarracino, Francesco; Yamamura, Eiji

    2014-01-01

    Empirical studies have shown that preferences for redistribution are sig- nificantly correlated with expectations of future mobility and the belief that society offers equal opportunities. We add to previous research by inves- tigating the role of individual and social norms on rent seeking. We find that the individual propensity for stigmatizing rent seeking significantly and positively affects preferences for redistribution. On the other hand, living in an area where most citizens do not st...

  5. Industry wage differentials, rent sharing and gender: three empirical essays

    OpenAIRE

    Tojerow, Ilan

    2008-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the industry wage differentials, rent-sharing and the gender wage gap. I empirically investigate: i) the interaction between inter-industry wage differentials and the gender wage gap in six European countries, ii) how rent sharing interacts with the gender wage gap in the Belgian private sector and iii) the existence of inter-industry wage differentials in Belgium, through the unobserved ability hypothesis.The first chapter is devoted to the analysis of the interaction ...

  6. Fair Market Rents (Fair Market Rents For The Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program) - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — This dataset and map service provides information on Fair Market Rents (FMRs). FMRs are primarily used to determine payment standard amounts for the Housing Choice...

  7. 36 CFR 18.5 - May property be leased without receiving fair market value rent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... without receiving fair market value rent? 18.5 Section 18.5 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL... leased without receiving fair market value rent? Property may be leased under this part only if the lease requires payment of rent to the government equal to or higher than the property's fair market value rent...

  8. Rents in the European power sector due to carbon trading

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keppler, Jan Horst; Cruciani, Michel

    2010-01-01

    The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) has imposed a price on the allowances for CO 2 emissions of electricity companies. Integrating this allowance price into the price of electricity earns a rent for companies who have received these allowances for free. During Phase I, 2005-2007, rents corresponding to the aggregate value of allocated allowances amounted to roughly EUR 13 billion per year. However, due to the specific price-setting mechanism in electricity markets true rents were considerably higher. This is due to the fact that companies also that have not received any allowances gain additional infra-marginal rents to the extent that their variable costs are below the new market price after inclusion of the allowance price. Producers with low carbon emissions and low marginal costs thus also benefit substantially from carbon pricing. This paper develops a methodology to determine the specific interaction of the imposition of such a CO 2 constraint and the price-setting mechanism in the electricity sector under the assumption of marginal cost pricing in a liberalized European electricity market. The article thus provides an empirical estimate of the true total rents of power producers during Phase I of the EU-ETS (2005-2007). The EU ETS generated in Phase I additional rents in excess of EUR 19 billion per year for electricity producers. These transfers are distributed very unevenly between different electricity producers. In a second step, the paper assesses the impact of switching from free allocation to an auctioning of allowances in 2013. We show that such a switch to auctioning will continue to create additional infra-marginal rents for certain producers and will leave the electricity sector as a whole better off than before the introduction of the EU ETS. (author)

  9. Energy rent and public policy: an analysis of the Canadian coal industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gunton, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyses issues in resource rent through a case study of the Canadian coal industry. A model of the coal industry is constructed to estimate the magnitude of rent and distribution of coal rent between government and industry over the 30-year period from 1970 to 2000. Disaggregation of results by coal sector shows that rent varied widely, with one sector generating substantial rent and other sectors incurring large losses. The pattern of development of the coal sector followed what can be termed a 'rent dissipation cycle' in which the generation of rent in the profitable sector created excessively optimistic expectations that encouraged new entrants to dissipate rent by developing uneconomic capacity. The analysis also shows that the system used to collect rent was ineffective. The public owner collected only one-third of the rent on the profitable mines and collected royalty revenue from the unprofitable mines even though no rent was generated. The case study illustrates that improvements in private sector planning based on a better appreciation of resource market fundamentals, elimination of government subsidies that encourage uneconomic expansion and more effective rent collection are all needed to avoid rent dissipation and increase the benefits of energy development in producing jurisdictions. The study also illustrates that estimates of rent in the resource sector should disaggregate results by sector and make adjustments for market imperfections to accurately assess the magnitude of potential rent

  10. Rents, Power and Governance in Global Value Chains

    OpenAIRE

    Dennis Davis; Raphael Kaplinsky; Mike Morris

    2018-01-01

    This paper addresses the  generation  of  rents  and  the  distribution  of  gains  in  the  global  operations  of  governed Global  Value  Chains  (GVCs)  and  seeks  to  provide  an  architecture  for  analyzing  the  governance  of  GVCs.  It distinguishes between four sets of rent—gifts of nature; innovation rents; exogenously defined rents; and market power—and three spheres of governance—setting the rules -“legislative governance”; implementing the rules -“executive governance”; and mo...

  11. LIFE STYLE OF RENTED LAND OWNERS IN UBUD SUBDISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Gde Putra Pemayun

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This present study was intended to analyze the Life Style of the Rented Land Owners at Ubud Subdistrict. The problems of the study are formulated as follows: (1 what is the characteristic of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict like? (2 How has the process of life style of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict  taken place? And (3 what is the implication of the life style of the rented land owners on their lives? Qualitative method was employed in the study. The data were processed using observation, interview and documentary techniques. The workability of the law regulating the demand for land at Ubud Subdistrict motivated the land owners to rent out their land to investors. Apart from that, the internal dimension, which is made up of the economical capital, was the most important element as it could activate small, medium and big enterprises. Another aspect was image which was reflected through perception, cognition, motivation, and attitude of individuals as consumers. As an illustration, they built luxurious houses and showed off luxurious cars to show the image that they were new wealthy people. On the other hand, there was external dimension, namely, the highly rapid development of tourism, which could positively and negatively contribute to the life style of the people living at Ubud Subdistrict. Such an implication could not be avoided. The other aspect was consumerism; the consumers were around the symbol and sign. Mass media were the miracles of the object liturgy; pleasure was defined as the realization of freedom, and the human body was the main object of consumers. The last aspect was the government’s policy which determined that Ubud Subdistrict was a tourist destination. As a result, the local people had the opportunity to rent out their land which was used to expand the industry of tourism and to activate the other economic enterprises.

  12. Predicting returns and rent growth in the housing market using the rent-to-price ratio: Evidence from the OECD countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engsted, Tom; Pedersen, Thomas Quistgaard

    We investigate the predictive power of the rent-to-price ratio for future real estate returns and rent growth in 18 OECD countries over the period 1970 to 2011. First, we document that in most countries returns are signi…cantly predictable by the rent-price ratio. An increase (decrease...... dependent on whether returns and rents are measured in nominal or real terms. Finally, there is some evidence of sub-sample instability in the predictive patterns, especially wrt. rent growth predictability. The predictability tests are conducted within a restricted VAR framework based on the dynamic Gordon...

  13. Balti kalleim lao- ning tootmispindade rent on Riias / Kristo Kiviorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiviorg, Kristo

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 21. sept. lk. 12. Tootmis- ja laopindade rent Baltimaades ja Soomes. Vt. samas: Tallinnas lao- ning tootmispinnad poolaastaga kallinenud kuni 37%; Helsingis on kõige rohkem tõusnud C-kvaliteediklassi pinnad; Tartu piirkonnas enamik saadaolevaid pindu keskmises või halvas seisukorras

  14. The meaning of competition between social and market rented housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lennartz, C.; Haffner, M.E.A.; Oxley, M.J.

    2009-01-01

    When policy makers claim that rented housing has to become more competitive, there is no consensus on what competition in this context actually means. The same holds true for scientific housing research: Theories that have utilized the economic concept of competition tend to rely on implicit

  15. Bribing potential entrants in a rent-seeking contest

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoonbeek, L.

    We consider a two-stage model of a Tullock rent-seeking contest where one new potential entrant makes his appearance. In the first stage each other player can contribute to bribe this new player to commit not to enter the contest. In the second stage we have the actual contest either with or without

  16. Resource rent taxes and sustainable development: A Mongolian case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thampapillai, Dodo J.; Hansen, Jan; Bolat, Aigerim

    2014-01-01

    Economies rich in mineral resources, need to evaluate the merits of investing rents earned from resource extraction in other income generating activities to sustain the flow of income. It is hence important to estimate and assess the potential uses of the resource rent tax (RRT). This paper illustrates how the reinvestment of the RRT and other government revenue from mining can reduce the depreciation of the mine. This illustration is made with reference to a coal deposit in the Tavan-Tolgoi region of Mongolia. The paper also illustrates impact of mining on the macroeconomic performance of Mongolia. Standard macroeconomic frameworks that ignore the depreciation of mineral assets overstate economic performance. The paper also reviews the political issues and constraints that surround the implementation of the RRT. One option canvassed here is the granting of qualified custodial rights of the RRT to the mining firm. Such qualified rights are pertinent given that the RRT is legally the income owed to the State and investments in ventures such as human capital development can yield returns as high as 10% per annum. This study illustrates that even an investment option yielding an annual 3% return can make a significant difference. - Highlights: • We estimate resource rents owed to the state from energy resource extraction. • We show that mining revenues are over-stated when the depreciation of mineral assets are ignored. • We show that the investment of resource rents offers avenues for sustaining the flow of income. • We argue that the state can grant custody of the rents to mining firms for the management of investments

  17. 77 FR 69651 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent Demonstration Program Participants... Authorities (PHAs) participating in the Small Area FMR Demonstration. SUMMARY: Section 8(c)(1) of the United... Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program for those PHAs selected to participate in the Small Area FMR...

  18. 24 CFR 982.520 - Regular tenancy: Special adjustment of rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.520 Regular tenancy: Special adjustment of rent to owner. (a...

  19. Fair Market Rents For The Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are primarily used to determine payment standard amounts for the Housing Choice Voucher program, to determine initial renewal rents for some...

  20. Toward a Theory of Entrepreneurial Rents: a Simulation of the Market Process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keyhani, M; Levesque, M.; Madhok, A.

    2015-01-01

    While strategy theory relies heavily on equilibrium theories of economic rents such as Ricardian and monopoly rents, we do not yet have a comprehensive theory of disequilibrium or entrepreneurial rents. We use cooperative game theory to structure computer simulations of the market process in which

  1. 41 CFR 102-85.115 - How is the Rent determined?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... owned space provided by GSA is based on market appraisals of fully serviced rental values for the..., and security charges are calculated separately and added to the appraised shell Rent to establish the... addition to the shell Rent, the Rent includes amortization of TI allowances used, real estate taxes...

  2. 24 CFR 982.519 - Regular tenancy: Annual adjustment of rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.519 Regular tenancy: Annual adjustment of rent to owner. (a... rent to owner will only be increased for housing assistance payments covering months commencing on the...

  3. Why Chinese Consumers Prefer Housing Ownership to Renting Before Marriage: An investigation of Chinese young consumers' rent-versus-buy housing decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Du, Mingjie

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the influential factors of Chinese young consumers’ rent-versus-buy housing decisions before marriage, and thus to explain why most Chinese consumers prefer housing ownership to renting or even regard an own-occupied housing as a prerequisite of marriage. The research was based on rich literatures concerning rent-versus-buy housing decisions and consumer decision making theory. A qualitative approach was adopted to conduct the research to gain in-depth insight o...

  4. MODEL OF SPATIAL EVALUATION FOR TOURISM ECO-RENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Fredotović

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is extremely interacted with the environment. Taking into account that tourism uses the space and related resources, it seems right to pay for the damages caused to the environment. This is the basis of the tourist spatial eco rent. The paper evaluates the space and resources used by tourism as the basis for the introduction of the tourism eco-rent in the area of Makarska Riviera, a traditional tourism destination. It is divided into three main spatial units: urban areas, bathing zone (beaches, Biokovo Park of Nature. According to natural and geographical reasoning, a number of zones with different spatial values within each spatial unit has been identified. Each unit, i.e. zone was evaluated according to various criteria relevant to the evaluation of space for tourism and tourism development purposes. Having ranked zones within each unit, using the multiriteria ranking method PROMETHEE II, comparative analysis of the obtained results was carried out as well.

  5. BLUE GOLD: HYDRO-ELECTRIC RENT IN CANADA

    OpenAIRE

    Glenn Jenkins; RICHARD ZUKER

    1984-01-01

    In this study, an attempt is made to develop estimates of the value of economic rent from production of hydro-electricity. These estimates are made for the year 1979, which is the latest period for which a comprehensive set of data was available at the time this work was undertaken. The estimates are developed for the hydro-electricity generated (or used) by electric utilities in four provinces: Quebec (including Churchill Falls), Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia. These electric systems...

  6. Optimal Licensing Contracts with Adverse Selection and Informational Rents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela MARINESCU

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the paper we analyse a model for determining the optimal licensing contract in both situations of symmetric and asymmetric information between the license’s owner and the potential buyer. Next we present another way of solving the corresponding adverse selection model, using the informational rents as variables. This approach is different from that of Macho-Stadler and Perez-Castrillo.

  7. Rent sharing as a driver of the glass ceiling effect

    OpenAIRE

    Matano, Alessia; Naticchioni, Paolo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we show that rent sharing plays a role in accounting for the glass ceiling effect. We make use of a unique employer-employee panel database for Italy from 1996 to 2003, which allows controlling for observed individual and firm heterogeneity and for collective bargaining. Moreover, by means of IV quantile fixed effects estimates we can cope with unobserved heterogeneity and endogeneity. We then go on to discuss the possible related explanations.

  8. Chicago's water market: Dynamics of demand, prices and scarcity rents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipe, V.C.; Bhagwat, S.B.

    2002-01-01

    Chicago and its suburbs are experiencing an increasing demand for water from a growing population and economy and may experience water scarcity in the near future. The Chicago metropolitan area has nearly depleted its groundwater resources to a point where interstate conflicts with Wisconsin could accompany an increased reliance on those sources. Further, the withdrawals from Lake Michigan is limited by the Supreme Court decree. The growing demand and indications of possible scarcity suggest a need to reexamine the pricing policies and the dynamics of demand. The study analyses the demand for water and develops estimates of scarcity rents for water in Chicago. The price and income elasticities computed at the means are -0.002 and 0.0002 respectively. The estimated scarcity rents ranges from $0.98 to $1.17 per thousand gallons. The results indicate that the current prices do not fully account for the scarcity rents and suggest a current rate with in the range $1.53 to $1.72 per thousand gallons.

  9. Increasing natural resource rents from Farmland: A curse or a blessing for the rural poor?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna

    2015-01-01

    as a diffuse resource with low economic value, this categorization may no longer be appropriate, because demand for land is currently on the rise, and may continue to increase in the future. This study presents and discusses recent theoretical and empirical approaches to analyzing the effects of high......-value agricultural land on rent seeking and rent distribution. Results suggest that the potential for small scale farmers to organize and obtain political power determines the extent of rent seeking and rent distribution, and that while more democratic institutions may increase the share of rents going...

  10. Rents, Power and Governance in Global Value Chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Davis

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the  generation  of  rents  and  the  distribution  of  gains  in  the  global  operations  of  governed Global  Value  Chains  (GVCs  and  seeks  to  provide  an  architecture  for  analyzing  the  governance  of  GVCs.  It distinguishes between four sets of rent—gifts of nature; innovation rents; exogenously defined rents; and market power—and three spheres of governance—setting the rules -“legislative governance”; implementing the rules -“executive governance”; and monitoring rules and sanctioning malfeasance -“judicial governance.” The exercise of governance power in GVCs over the generation, protection and appropriation of rents is considered though the lens of four sets of key GVC stakeholders—the corporate sector, civil society organizations, the nation state and supranational institutions. This general analysis is given flesh through three case studies: food-safety standards in GVCs; taxation  policies  and  competition  policies.  In these  sectors,  the  corporate  sector  is  generally  much  more effective in governing rent generation and appropriation in the global operations of GVCs than are the three sets of  non-corporate  stakeholders.  From this  observation  we  offer  a  hypothesis  that  the  capacity  of  non-corporate stakeholders, including national states, to govern GVCs is contingent upon the extent to which this coincides with the interest of the corporate sector. However, as noted, this balance of power between private and non-corporate actors is a contested terrain and dynamic in nature.

  11. Capturing Economic Rents From Resources Through Royalties and Taxes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack M. Mintz

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Oil price fluctuations, concerns over the division of resource revenues, and unconventional oil and gas developments are forcing governments to confront the same issue: how to design optimal royalty and corporate tax systems that bring in a publicly acceptable share of revenues without discouraging private investment. This paper surveys tax and royalty systems across six countries, as well as four US states and five Canadian provinces, offering concise analyses of their strengths and shortcomings to describe the best and simplest approaches to both. As in a public-private partnership, government owns the resources and allows private agents to maximize the rents resources generate. An optimal royalty system will thus be rent-based, ensuring that both owner and agent obtain maximally competitive returns so that each has incentives to continue the partnership. Such a system will also be simple, making compliance easy, manipulation difficult, and risks affordable. And it will be stable, instilling in the private sector the confidence needed to invest for the long term. As for corporate income taxes, they should be neutral across business activities, and applied at equal effective rates on economic income, to avoid distorting market forces through subsidies or needless complexity. A clean rent-based tax that allows all costs incurred by producers to be expensed or carried over, along with a corporate income tax system shorn of many of the preferences that negatively affect business activity, should be the way forward for any government looking to update their fiscal regimes for the 21st century.

  12. Agricultural rent-seeking in developing countries: an empirical investigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna

    2014-01-01

    or rural development? This article finds empirical support for a proposed theory which suggests that the extent of agricultural rent-seeking, in the form of large-scale land acquisitions, is determined by the relative political power of an elite and a farmer group. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.......Recent increases in demand for agricultural land has fuelled academic, as well as public, interest in the potential effects of high value agricultural land, particularly in developing countries. The dominating question seems to be: will increasing demand for agricultural land imply land grabbing...

  13. Différent Transfusional Regulatory Systems in the World

    OpenAIRE

    SLBHENGE, Zivanai

    2013-01-01

    L'objectif de ce projet est de comparer et contraster les différents systèmes réglementaires de transfusion sanguine dans le monde. Avec une demande toujours croissante sur des approvisionnements en sang dans le monde entier, il y - a un immense besoin d'assurer des produits sûrs et suffisants d'apport de sang. Cependant le cadre juridique pour un système de sang exprime la politique nationale de sang et décrit des mécanismes régissant la collection, le traitement et la transfusio...

  14. PV potential and potential PV rent in European regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Anders Chr.; Thorn, Paul

    2013-01-01

    The paper provides a GIS based model for assessing the potentials of photovoltaic electricity in Europe by NUTS 2 regions. The location specific energy potential per PV-­‐panel area is estimated based on observations of solar irradiation, conversion efficiency, levelised costs and the social value...... of PV-­‐electricity. Combined with the potential density of PV-­‐panel area based on land cover and environental restrictions, the PV energy potential and the potential PV ressource rent is calculated. These calculations enbable the model to estimate the regional patterns at NUTS 2 level...

  15. Rent-seeking and timber rights allocation in Ghana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Kirsten; Hansen, Christian Pilegaard

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes types, processes and importance of rent-seeking in the allocation of timber rights in Ghana. It is based on an analysis of 30 interviews with large-, medium- and small-scale timber firms, as well as government officials and timber industry organizations in Ghana. The paper...... documents that timber rights allocation is associated with both bureaucratic and political corruption. The latter comes in two forms. First, the findings suggest that well-established relationships exist between politicians and senior bureaucrats on the one side and large-scale timber firms on the other...

  16. The impact of energy labels and accessibility on office rents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kok, Nils; Jennen, Maarten

    2012-01-01

    Energy consumption in the commercial property sector offers an important opportunity for conserving resources. In this study, we evaluate the financial implications of two elements of “sustainability” – energy efficiency and accessibility – in the market for commercial real estate. An empirical analysis of some 1100 leasing transactions in the Netherlands over the 2005–2010 period shows that buildings designated as inefficient (with an EU energy performance certificate D or worse) command rental levels that are some 6.5 percent lower as compared to energy efficient, but otherwise similar buildings (labeled A, B or C). Furthermore, this study shows that office buildings in multi-functional areas, with access to public transport and facilities, achieve rental premiums over mono-functional office districts. For policymakers, the results documented in this paper provide an indication on the effectiveness of the EU energy performance certificate as a market signal in the commercial property sector. The findings documented here are also relevant for investors in European office markets, as the importance of energy efficiency and locational diversification is bound to increase following stricter environmental regulation and changing tenant preferences. - Highlights: ► Built environment plays important role in reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. ► Energy certification of buildings may increase transparency and awareness. ► Tenants pay lower rent for less efficient commercial office buildings. ► Accessibility important determinant of commercial office rents.

  17. Resource Rents, Democracy and Corruption: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Rabah Arezki; Thorvaldur Gylfason

    2011-01-01

    We examine the effect of the interaction between resource rents and democracy on corruption for a panel of 29 Sub-Saharan countries during the period from 1985 to 2007. We find that higher resource rents lead to more corruption and that the effect is significantly stronger in less democratic countries. Surprisingly, we also find that higher resource rents lead to fewer internal conflicts and that less democratic countries face not a higher but a lower likelihood of conflicts following an incr...

  18. The land rent category in mainstream economics and its contemporary applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bazyli Czyżewski

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The economic globalisation process makes the economic factors rotate faster. As a result the value added is intercepted by market mechanism and transferred to the economically stronger entities. That process concerns especially agriculture. There exists a crucial question whether an agricultural land factor is still capable to generate economic rents which would be the determinants of comparative advantages? On the one hand, D. Ricardo’s land rents are vanishing, H. George’s rents are provoking financial crisis, monetarists assumptions are becoming unsufficient, on the other, the land factor gains new environmental applications and there is still a hope that land rents have its origins in a real value. This paper aims at presenting the evolution of the land rents theory starting from classical economics. The author makes an attempt to answer the question if the land rent theories are still relevant and how land rent category can be implemented in agricul-tural policy of the UE? One formulates a hypothesis that the neoclassical theory of rent usually presented in economic textbooks is insufficient to describe reality reducing the sources of land rent to a low land supply flexibility and treating that as constant variable in economic models.

  19. International Product Market Integration, Rents and Wage Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Allan

    including product market rents and the possibility that jobs may be relocated across national labour markets. Possibilities and threats, however, will not in general be uniformly distributed across firms and therefore groups in the labour market. These issues are explored in a Ricardian trade model......International product market integration enhances both export possibilities through easier access to foreign markets, but also the import threat arising from foreign firms penetrating into the domestic market. These mechanisms affect wage formation and employment creation through many channels...... with imperfect competition, heterogeneity in the labour market, and decentralized wage-bargaining. The Paper analyses how product market integration affects wage formation, and identifies characteristics of winners and losers in the integration process....

  20. Africa's Elites Ways of Commodifying Politics to Valorise Economic Rent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muchie, Mammo

    2011-01-01

    This paper starts with incredulity first. Whilst doing some research for this paper, I came across members of the top political elite from Zaire to Nigeria often taken as 'kleptocrat extraordinaire' to be also in the forefront in denoucing rennt-seeking and corruption with an equal extraordinaire...... on this dlemma in order to address how rent-seeking cleansing can be attempted to align the elites as part of the solution rather than the problem of African economic and political development.......' flair and completeness at the same time.Some might ignore their stance as cynical and self-servingg and move on to other concerns. Others might condemn the fadulent behaviour, add what one can expect anyway from such immoral and unethical characters and pass on to other things.... This paper reflects...

  1. Current economic cost, the ARENH (Regulated Access to the Historic (EDF) Nuclear Energy Supplier) price, the differential rent and the scarcity rent of nuclear power: some observations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Percebois, J.

    2012-01-01

    This article sets out to explain the ARENH mechanism, the regulated price at which the EDF (France's historic monopoly supplier) must sell part of its production to its competitors in the framework of the Nome Act (New Organisation of the Electricity Market). This price by its nature is different from the Current Economic Cost (CEC) of nuclear power, as estimated by France's Government Accounting Office in its report submitted in January 2012. These two approaches revert to the problem of the determination of the scarcity rent of nuclear power in the context of the liberalised European market, in which nuclear power benefits from a 'cost' advantage relative to thermal electricity generated from fossil fuels. Furthermore, scarcity rent is not the same thing as differential rent. Selling a nuclear kWh at the price of a 'gas' kWh at certain times results in a differential rent enabling nuclear generated power to cover fixed costs. One can only speak of scarcity rent for nuclear power when the price at which the kWh is sold allows the recovery of more than is necessary to cover overall costs of nuclear power and it is this scarcity rent and its allocation that is the subject of debate. (author)

  2. 24 CFR 982.521 - Rent to owner in subsidized project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.521 Rent to owner in subsidized project. (a) Applicability to subsidized project. This section applies to a program tenancy in any of the following types of federally subsidized project...

  3. 24 CFR 982.622 - Manufactured home space rental: Rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Manufactured Home Space Rental § 982.622 Manufactured home space rental: Rent to owner. (a) What is included. (1) Rent to owner for rental of a manufactured home space includes payment...

  4. 24 CFR 982.617 - Shared housing: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Special Housing Types Shared Housing § 982.617 Shared housing: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shared housing: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment. 982.617 Section 982.617 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

  5. 24 CFR 982.613 - Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Special Housing Types Group Home § 982.613 Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment. (a... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment. 982.613 Section 982.613 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

  6. 24 CFR 1000.126 - May a recipient charge flat or income-adjusted rents?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May a recipient charge flat or income-adjusted rents? 1000.126 Section 1000.126 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... § 1000.126 May a recipient charge flat or income-adjusted rents? Yes, providing the rental or homebuyer...

  7. Influence of Transaction costs and real options on firms' own-or-rent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Based on secondary data on 79 companies in Mekelle, Ethiopia, this paper investigates the influence of transaction cost and real option factors on firms' own or rent decision for building resources. Empirical results suggest that both transaction cost and option factors have significant influence on firms' own or rent decision.

  8. Comparing micro-evidence on rent sharing from two different econometric models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobbelaere, Sabien; Mairesse, Jacques

    The extent to which employers share rents with their employees is typically assessed by estimating the responsiveness of workers’ wages on firms’ ability to pay. This paper compares rent-sharing estimates using such a wage determination regression with estimates based on a productivity regression

  9. The Effects of Rent Restructuring on Social Housing in English Rural Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Bruce

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the impact of central government's rent restructuring policy on social housing in rural areas in England. It examines the effect that restructuring will have on the rents set by social landlords in a set of case study areas then considers some of the likely impacts on affordability and on new investment in rural social…

  10. 24 CFR 888.320 - One-time Contract Rent determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND... Elderly or Handicapped, and Special Allocations Projects § 888.320 One-time Contract Rent determination...

  11. 76 FR 39117 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Transformation Initiative Rent Reform Demonstration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... Information Collection: Transformation Initiative Rent Reform Demonstration Small Grants AGENCY: Office of... information: Title of Proposal: Notice of Funding Availability for the Transformation Initiative Rent Reform...-96011. Members of the affected public: Institutions of higher education accredited by a national or...

  12. Is There Rent Sharing in Italy? Evidence from Employer-Employee Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessia Matano

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Using a unique employer-employee panel database, we investigate the extent of rent sharing in Italy from 1996 to 2003. We derive the following findings. First, after controlling for the national bargaining level, there is robust evidence of rent sharing at firm level. Second, by means of fixed effects estimates we show that the sorting of high-ability workers into high-profit firms appears to play a substantial role, since it captures a significant amount of cross sectional estimates of rent sharing. Third, in accordance to the related literature the endogeneity of profits causes a severe underestimation of rent sharing. Our final IV estimate of the elasticity of wages with respect to profits per employee amounts to 6%, with a "Lester" range of 24%. Moreover, we point out that the impact of rent sharing is not homogeneous across several dimensions (gender, occupation, sector and macroarea.

  13. Rent distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market. A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Van Witteloostuijn, A.; Brakman, S.; Van Marrewijk, C.

    2005-09-01

    As part of the larger energy market deregulation program, the Dutch Office of Energy Regulation (DTe) has developed the habit to force the Dutch gas transport enterprise (Gas Transport Services GTS) to lower its prices. In this report, we simulate the welfare effects of a five per cent transport price reduction. DTe's key argument is that lower gas transport prices will benefit the end-user. Indeed, that might well be the case. However, at least three observations complicate matters substantially: Observation 1: government ownership. GTS is government -owned, and the dominant shipper (Gasunie Trade and Supply) is partly so (50 %). Hence, lost revenues from the gas transport business will all emerge at the debit side of the government's budget, and part of the shippers' rent returns in the government's pockets. Observation 2: imperfect competition. Firms enter into the competitive game to make profits. Shippers are not different. So, apart from in the extreme case of perfect competition (or, more generally, perfect contestability), part of the rents will end up in the pockets of the shippers, rather than the endconsumers. Observation 3: rent export. The Netherlands are not an isolated island in the European gas ocean. Not only is the majority of gas transported in the Netherlands exported to foreign end-users, but apart from that have foreign owners a large stake in Dutch shippers. As a result, given the fact that the Dutch industry is not autarktic, part of the rents will always be distributed, or will always 'leak' away, to foreign consumers and shippers (or their shareholders). These three observations together have three important implications. First, state ownership implies that much rent allocation is simply a matter of circulating money from one government sub-budget to the other (Observation 1). Second, given that the industry is imperfectly competitive, part of the rents will not be passed on to the endconsumers (Observation 2). Third, it is unavoidable

  14. 76 FR 12985 - Request for Comments on Trend Factor Methodology Used in the Calculation of Fair Market Rents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... Trend Factor Methodology Used in the Calculation of Fair Market Rents AGENCY: Office of the Assistant... used to calculate the trend factor component of the Fair Market Rent estimates. SUMMARY: Section 8(c)(1... comment regarding the manner in which HUD calculates the trend factor used in the Fair Market Rent (FMR...

  15. Landlordism, Rent Regulation and the Labour Party in mid-twentieth century Britain, 1950-64.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Child, Phil

    2018-03-01

    This article examines the politics of private renting in 1950s and early 1960s Britain, through the radical approach taken by Labour Party towards private landlords. Through setting the radical aims of Labour in a mid-twentieth-century context of decrepit housing, rising rents and sluggish public housing programmes, Labour's rationale in arguing for the 'abolition' of the private landlord is more transparent. This article takes a chronological approach, investigating what actions Labour actors took, at local and national level, and what effect this had on the wider housing market. Part one takes a long view of Labour attitudes to the private rented sector. Part two explores the policy of 'municipalization'-the attempt to place rented homes under local authority control. Part three discusses the post-1962 policy shift to state-sponsored 'improvement' of private rented housing, prior to Labour's victory at the 1964 general election. Three key arguments are made: that Labour's radicalism hastened the collapse of the post-war private rented sector; that rental market weaknesses indicated the confused place of renting in the 'tenurial pattern'; and that the proposed 'abolition' of private landlords had a direct effect on slum clearance and the composition of British cities. The conclusion suggests that Labour's pursuit of the private landlord can shed light on the vast urban transformations of the post-war period. It invites greater attention to be paid to the effects that political ideas had on the composition of the twentieth-century British housing market.

  16. Radon in Rented Accommodation and Variables Determining Its Level

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    2017-01-01

    Indoor radon levels were measured in 221 homes in rented accommodation. In addition, buildings were registered for a series of variables describing building characteristics and used materials. The mean year value of the indoor radon level was 30.7 (1~250) Bq/m3. The indoor radon level exceeded 100...... Bq/m3 in 5.9% of the homes. Of the investigated variables, only homes in single-family terraced houses, were statistically significant. Approx. 75% of homes exceeding 100 Bq/m3 indoor radon level had levels between 100 and 200 Bq/m3 and 25% had indoor radon levels exceeding 200 Bq/m3. Significant...... differences in indoor radon levels were found in homes located in multi-occupant houses. Additionally, the risk of indoor radon levels exceeding 100 Bq/m3 in homes in multi-occupant houses was found to be very low, but the risk was the highest on the ground floor in a building constructed with slab on ground....

  17. Taxation of nuclear rents: Benefits, drawbacks, and alternatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morbee, J.; Himpens, P.; Proost, S.

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies the taxation of nuclear energy using a stylized model of the electricity sector, with one dominant nuclear producer and a competitive fringe of non-nuclear plants. First, we find that the optimal nuclear tax is different depending on the time horizon: the optimal short-run tax has the same order of magnitude as the nuclear taxes imposed in Belgium and Germany, while in the long run the optimal tax may be negative, i.e. a subsidy. Second, government credibility is important: when a government cannot credibly commit, the mere possibility of a short-run tax could severely harm incentives for future investments in lifetime-extending refurbishment or new plants. Third, when there is natural scarcity in nuclear potential, other policies like inviting multiple competitive bidders for lifetime extension franchises or for investments in new plants, may be more efficient ways to increase government revenue. - Highlights: • Taxation of nuclear rents is studied using a dominant firm–competitive fringe model. • The optimal tax can be large in the short run, but possibly negative in the long run. • When a government cannot credibly commit, the tax harms investment incentives. • Other policies like auctioning of nuclear franchises can be more efficient than taxes. • The analytical results are numerically illustrated for the case of Belgium.

  18. Investing exhaustible resource rents and the path of consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamilton, K.; Hartwick, J.M.

    2005-01-01

    This study presented a brief analysis of the concept of maintaining capital intact in an economy with 2 capital goods: one produced, and one an exhaustible oil stock. Oil stock supplies a vital input flow to the economy every day. The authors characterized dollar-valued national wealth and income. The magnitude of net investment has become pivotal in measuring the sustainability of an economy. This study linked the investment of exhaustible resource rents to growth in a model with energy consumption varying through time, as in a model of optimal savings. Dollar-valued net national product was set out for the economy with the essential, but wasting oil stock. The study applied the principle of maintaining capital intact and locally unchanging consumption. The percentage change in net investment or genuine savings, relative to the market rate of interest, determines whether current consumption is rising, constant, or declining. In the case of utility discount rates, it was observed that at a point of locally unchanging consumption, the net investment equals the prevailing market rate of interest, and the level of net investment is negative. The consumption increases when the percentage change in net investment is lower than the market rate of interest, and the reverse is true when consumption decreases. The connection between zero net investment and constant consumption was clarified. The sign of current net investment was found to be a good indicator of the direction of national wealth and income. 15 refs

  19. Impact of rent-seeking on productivity in Chinese coal mine safety supervision: A simulation study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, Hong; Feng, Qun; Zhu, Dandan; Han, Shuai; Long, Ruyin

    2016-01-01

    During the “golden decade” (2001–2011) of the coal industry in China, rent-seeking increased in coal mine safety supervision alongside significant improvements in coal mine safety status and increased economic benefits in the coal industry. To explore this internal relationship, we developed a Matlab simulation system and simulated the impact of rent-seeking from each level of the supervision department on coal mine productivity in different scenarios. The results showed the following. (1) Rent-seeking had no significant influence on the average level of material productivity but it had an adverse effect on the average level of mental productivity. Due to the effects of rent-seeking, productivity tended to exhibit unstable and destructive fluctuations, and rent-seeking had the dual effect of promoting and restraining productivity in a wide range with a high frequency. (2) In the supervision scenario, supervision by the high-level department was efficient, and productivity was promoted more by the national and provincial supervision department. (3) In the rent-seeking scenario, each level of the department had an intensity threshold above which coal mine accidents occurred. We also propose suggestions that focuses on the improved supervision of Chinese coal mine safety in three areas based on the “new normal” safety concept. - Highlights: •We discussed rent-seeking behavior in Chinese coal mine safety supervision. •We explored the characteristics of coal mine productivity. •We investigated the impact of rent-seeking on coal mine productivity in three scenarios. •We found rent-seeking led to great fluctuations in productivity with a dual effect. •We proposed a model strategy for Chinese coal mine safety supervision in three areas.

  20. The Construction and Realisation of Geographic Brand Rent in New Zealand Wine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Hayward

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the concept of geographic brand rent in production and marketing of New Zealand wine. It is argued that the region of origin for fine wine is not only a recognised feature of its value but that this may be conceived as a form of brand rent and furthermore that it is measurable. The analysis uses both cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches to consider grape and vineyard land prices, as well as interviews with industry informants to explore wine company strategies. Explicit use is made of the value-added chain in order to identify and situate the construction of rents and the positionality of industry actors in respect to these. The analysis highlights the quest to control different forms of brand rent that have led the restructuring of the wine industry. It also exposes countervailing pressures towards economic resilience and market vulnerability facing the fine wine industry.

  1. 24 CFR 888.420 - One-time Contract Rent determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND...

  2. Rent extraction by large shareholders: evidence using dividend policy in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hanousek, Jan; Bena, Jan

    -, č. 556 (2006), s. 1-38 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA402/06/1293 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : rent extraction * large shareholders * dividend policy Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  3. Resource rents: The effects of energy taxes and quantity instruments for climate protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eisenack, Klaus; Edenhofer, Ottmar; Kalkuhl, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Carbon dioxide emissions correspond to fossil resource use. When considering this supply side of climate protection, crucial questions come to fore. It seems likely that owners of fossil resources would object to emission reductions. Moreover, policy instruments such as taxes may not be effective at all: it seems individually rational to leave no fossil resources unused. In this context, it can be expected that economic sectors will react strategically to climate policy, aiming at a re-distribution of rents. To address these questions, we investigate the effectiveness, efficiency, and resource rents for energy taxes, resource taxes, and quantity rationing of emissions. The analysis is based on a game theoretic growth model with explicit factor markets and policy instruments. Market equilibrium depends on a government that acts as a Stackelberg leader with a climate protection goal. We find that resource taxes and quantity rationing achieve this objective efficiently, energy taxation is only second-best. The use of quantity rationing to achieve climate protection generates substantial rents for resource owners. - Highlights: ► Resource taxes and quantity rationing (carbon budgets) are efficient. ► Carbon budgets increase resource rents, while taxes decrease rents. ► Resource owners may support climate protection. ► Climate protection introduces a climate rent.

  4. Openness of Economy, Foreign Investment Inflows and the Phenomenon of Rent Seeking Corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Toqueer Akhter

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Rent seeking behavior has been amongst noticeable obstacles in path of economic growth and development for developing communities. Due to this the study aims at testing the hypothesis that the Rent seeking behavior among bureaucracy is being influenced by the openness of economy as well as inflows of foreign investment significantly. Model estimations imply that reforms may have an insignificant impact upon impact upon curtailing the rent seeking behavior among bureaucracy in a time series setting therefore this research will use two statistical econometric models to show the effect of corruption on the foreign direct inflow received in Pakistan. In order to pretest the impact of all the mentioned variables on rent seeking behavior generalized least square was used because its results were unbiased, consistent and the problem of Serial correlation was solved by using it. In order to quantify rent seeking behavior among bureaucracy different aspects of misuse of public offices appearing in form of petty and grand corruption were used using the variables informal sector, tax evasion, judicial outlay, G.D.P and F.D.I as percentage of G.D.P. All of the variables had proper signs aligned with the theory and all of the variables appeared to be significant except judicial outlay proving that the judiciary has been incompetent and ineffective. The robust regression showed all the same signs except in it every variable was appearing to be significant. Rent seeking corruption has been highly affecting Pakistan in adverse ways and this paper will show how many factors like judiciary is not playing effective role in limiting corruption and also how the economy is being affected by rent seeking behavior.

  5. Rent-seeking mechanism for safety supervision in the Chinese coal industry based on a tripartite game model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, Hong; Feng, Qun; Cao, Jing

    2014-01-01

    There are extensive governmental rent-seeking activities in safety supervision of the Chinese coal industry. The rents come from industry safety barriers, low resource taxes, and privilege policies for coalmining enterprises. The rent-seeking mechanism was analyzed using a model comprising dynamic games with incomplete information. The equilibrium results indicate that the probability of national supervision is influenced by penalties and bribery: there is negative correlation with penalties and positive correlation with bribery. The rent-seeking probability of a governmental safety supervision department is influenced by several factors, and positively correlates with the cost of national supervision. The probability of bribery of coalmining enterprises is influenced by several factors, and positively correlates with wages of governmental departments and a reasonable rent-seeking range. Reversed rent-seeking reduces the probability of bribery, but it's not worth recommending. Some recommendations are proposed. - Highlights: • We analyze rent-seeking mechanism for safety supervision in the coal industry. • A dynamic game with incomplete information for Chinese coal industry is built. • Reversed rent-seeking is proposed as a new rent-seeking form. • We analyze the selection probability of the three participants. • We give some policies about how to enhance safety supervision

  6. Rent taxation and its intertemporal effects in a small open economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Köthenbürger, Marko; Poutvaara, Panu

    2009-01-01

    Previous literature concludes that replacing wage taxation by taxes on a fixed factor or its rents benefits future generations. However, the effects of such steady-state gains on the transition generations have been left open. In this paper, we show that taxation of rents may also increase utilit...... of the current generation provided tax revenues are earmarked to reduce wage taxes. In particular, a shift in the tax mix may yield an intergenerational Pareto-improvement when the initially prevailing tax mix is sufficiently skewed toward wage taxation....

  7. Rent-seeking and grandfathering: The case of GHG trade in the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Urs Steiner; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2002-01-01

    reduction. Our main question is whether the final choice of allocation rule can be explained by potential industrial net winners involved in the policy making process. We answer this question by using rent-seeking theory and by analysing the Green Paper hearing replies from the main industrial groups....... In other words, we want to explain and observe how rent-seeking (or lobbyism) affects the design of environmental regulation and energy policy in favour of well-organized industrial interest groups. We argue that some firms are likely to reap a net gain from being regulated by a grandfathered emission...

  8. El capitalismo rentístico Elementos cuantitativos de la economía venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    Baptista, Asrúbal

    2005-01-01

    Desde 1920, la economía venezolana descansa sobre una estructura cuyo principal determinante es la renta del petróleo. Cabe así hablar, para darle un nombre propio, de capitalismo rentístico. Con el apoyo primario de una definición operativa de la renta petrolera que permite la introducción de un nuevo concepto contable, el producto interno bruto no rentístico, aquí se buscar darle su caracterización cuantitativa en términos de ciertos indicadores especialmente relevantes, a saber: la relació...

  9. THE BUBONIC PLAGUE OF 1349, THE WAGE-TO-RENT RATIO, AND THE ENGLISH PEASANT FAMILY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie O. Crofton

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The bubonic plague that swept England in 1349 provides an example of how changes in economic conditions can change norms of social behavior. The death of almost 50 percent of the population altered the returns to labor and land. As the demand for land and the supply of labor declined, rents fell and wages rose. This increased wage-to-rent ratio shifted the structure of the economy from household production to market production. In turn, these changes affected migration, family and community ties, women s labor force participation, family size, inheritance customs, the status of landowning widows, and care for the elderly.

  10. The Effect of a Sports Stadium on Housing Rents: An Application of Geographically Weighted Regression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Agudelo Torres

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Researchers have determined that real estate prices vary in continuous ways as a function of spatial characteristics.  In this study we examine whether geographically weighted regression (GWR provides different estimates of price effects around a sports stadium than more traditional regression techniques.  We find that an application of GWR with hedonic prices finds that the stadium has a negative external effect on housing rents that extends outward 560 meters, in contrast to the positive external effect on housing rents found using a conventional estimation technique.

  11. A new scramble for land or an unprecedented opportunity for the rural poor? Distributional consequences of increasing land rents in developing countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna; Henningsen, Geraldine

    2014-01-01

    Price induced increases in land rents trigger an increasing incentive for rent- seeking behavior. To analyse distributional and welfare eects of increasing land rents in developing countries, we develop a game theoretic model where a large and heterogeneous group of farmers competes with a small...... and wealthy elite. The results indicate that only relatively small rent increases benet the farmers more than the elite. Moreover, political institutions have an ambiguous eect on farmers' rent share, and may even reduce overall welfare, because they induce wasteful expenditure on rent-seeking....

  12. 75 FR 27808 - Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program-Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... Voucher Program--Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents in Certain Metropolitan Areas for.... ACTION: Notice of Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents (FMRs) in Selected Metropolitan... topics related to small area FMRs, including how these small areas should be defined. Small area FMRs...

  13. 76 FR 33333 - Use of Small Area Fair Market Rents for Project Base Vouchers in the Dallas TX Metropolitan Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5525-N-01] Use of Small Area Fair Market Rents for Project Base Vouchers in the Dallas TX Metropolitan Area AGENCY: Office of the Assistant... Small Area Fair Market Rents (SAFMRs) for Project-Based Vouchers (PBVs) located in the Dallas, TX...

  14. Fighting for rents: agricultural windfall gains and social change in land-abundant developing countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, a global increase in demand for agricultural commodities and land has contributed to increasing agricultural prices. This trend can be expected to continue in the future, and may result in significantly higher land rents. This paper investigates the potential distributional effec...

  15. Boosting solar investment with limited subsidies: Rent management and policy learning in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Altenburg, Tilman; Engelmeier, Tobias

    2013-01-01

    In order to avoid irreversible damage to global ecosystems, new ‘green’ technologies are needed, some of which are nowhere near commercial maturity. In these cases, governments may create temporary rents to make investments ‘artificially’ attractive, but the creation of such rents involves risks of faulty allocation and political capture. This article first highlights the importance of managing rents effectively in promoting ‘green’ technologies; it then shows how India's National Solar Mission has been remarkably effective in triggering solar investments and managing the necessary subsidies, e.g. through a process of competitive reverse bidding for tariffs. Policy design and implementation also reflect considerable experimentation and learning. Some risks remain, especially regarding the enforceability of renewable energy quotas at the level of Indian states. - Highlights: • India's National Solar Mission effectively triggered solar investments. • Reverse bidding substantially decreased policy costs. • Sequenced implementation allowed for policy learning. • India's solar policy is a good example of green rent management

  16. How to make the clean development mechanism sustainable-The potential of rent extraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muller, Adrian

    2007-01-01

    The clean development mechanism (CDM) should foster sustainable development and greenhouse gas emission reductions. The design of the CDM and first experience suggest that it may not achieve these goals. Developing countries hosting CDM projects may lose cheap emission reduction possibilities for their own future use, and sustainable development and technology transfer may not take place. On the other hand, the CDM has the potential to generate considerable rents if permit prices are high or costs low. To account for equity and distributional issues, a deliberate decision on how to distribute these rents could be taken and the potential failure of the CDM in meeting its goals calls for some further regulation. I suggest to combine these two issues and to extract the rents by a profit tax. Ideally, the tax revenues could contribute to national sustainable development strategies, to offset external costs imposed by CDM projects and to extract part of the resource rent they may generate. The international character of the CDM could offer a frame for internationally coordinated tax design. This would hedge against a potential race to the bottom

  17. 24 CFR 983.304 - Other subsidy: effect on rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Rent to Owner § 983.304 Other subsidy: effect on...) Subsidized projects. (1) This paragraph (c) applies to any contract units in any of the following types of... non-insured Section 236 project that continues to receive Interest Reduction Payment following a...

  18. Did rent deregulation alter tenure choice decisions in the Czech Republic?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tsharakyan, Ashot; Zemčík, Petr

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 2 (2016), s. 335-360 ISSN 0967-0750 Institutional support: PRVOUK-P23 Keywords : Czech Republic * rent regulation and deregulation * real estate prices Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 0.479, year: 2016

  19. Did rent deregulation alter tenure choice decisions in the Czech Republic?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tsharakyan, Ashot; Zemčík, Petr

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 2 (2016), s. 335-360 ISSN 0967-0750 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP404/12/1446 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : Czech Republic * rent regulation and deregulation * real estate prices Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 0.479, year: 2016

  20. The welfare costs of rent-seeking: a methodologically individualist and subjectivist revision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Makovi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Gordon Tullock is acknowledged for being the first to recognize the true costs of rent-seeking as including not only the Harberger triangle but also the Tullock rectangle. This rectangle does not constitute merely a lossless transfer of wealth, but it causes a misallocation of resources as rent-seekers invest resources in lobbying. However, a close reading of Tullock’s writings shows that his arguments are formulated in a holistic fashion, speaking of what is efficient or inefficient for society. Rent-seeking is inefficient because it reduces societal welfare. But according to a methodologically individualist and subjectivist economics, such a claim is invalid. We must distinguish between positive economic fact and normative moral philosophy. We call for a reconstruction of utility and welfare economics based on methodological individualism and subjectivism with implications for the theories of monopoly and competition: practices which Neoclassical perfect-competition theory considers to be evidence of rent-seeking should instead be deemed as indications of genuine competition Political economy should be concerned with ascertaining which institutions will best enable individuals to pursue their individually subjective ends – or else economists should be explicit about their normative preferences and political philosophies.

  1. Comparing micro-evidence on rent sharing from three different approaches

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobbelaere, S.; Mairesse, J.

    2015-01-01

    Empirical labor economists have resorted to estimating the responsiveness of workers' wages on firms' ability to pay to assess the extent to which employers share rents with their employees. This paper compares this labor economics approach with two other approaches that rely on standard micro

  2. 75 FR 46958 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ..., Washington, DC 20410- 0001. Communications should refer to the above docket number and title and should.... Public Inspection of Comments. All comments and communications submitted to HUD will be available... FMRs, HUD tests these rent changes for statistical significance \\3\\ [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TN04AU10...

  3. The Effects of Tax Competition when Politicians Create Rents to Buy Political Support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eggert, Wolfgang; Sørensen, Peter Birch

    We set up a probabilistic voting model to explore the hypothesis that tax competition improves public sector efficiency and social welfare. In the absence of tax base mobility, distortions in the political process induce vote-maximising politicians to create rents to public sector employees...

  4. The effects of tax competition when politicians create rents to buy political support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eggert, Wolfgang; Sørensen, Peter Birch

    2008-01-01

    We set up a probabilistic voting model to explore the hypothesis that tax competition improves public sector efficiency and social welfare. In the absence of tax base mobility, distortions in the political process induce vote-maximising politicians to create rents to public sector employees...

  5. 41 CFR 102-85.145 - When are customer agencies responsible for Rent charges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...; or (2) All other space: Either GSA's space charges for 4 months plus the cost of tenant improvements or GSA's actual costs, whichever is less. ... PROPERTY 85-PRICING POLICY FOR OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.145 When are customer agencies...

  6. 24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing... DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET...

  7. 24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing... DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET...

  8. Rent extraction by large shareholders: evidence using dividend policy in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bena, Jan; Hanousek, Jan

    -, č. 291 (2006), s. 1-45 ISSN 1211-3298 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA402/06/1293 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : rent extraction * large shareholders * corporate governance Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp291.pdf

  9. Effet de la composition de différents substrats culturaux sur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 janv. 2014 ... Effet de la substrats culturaux sur paramètres de croissance ... des graines, mais ce substrat a donné des performances acceptables sur la croissance longitudinale des ..... élevés en conteneurs sur différents types de.

  10. The role of policy in supporting the private rented sector : International comparisons

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oxley, M.; Brown, T.; Haffner, M.; Hoekstra, J.

    2011-01-01

    The size of the private rented housing sector (PRS) varies markedly between coun-tries. The paper explores the role of policy in supporting the PRS with emphasis on the evidence from France, Germany, the UK and the USA. The definition and meas-urement of the size of the sector in each country is

  11. Using the private rented sector as a form of social housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oxley, M.; Brown, T.; Haffner, M.; Hoekstra, J.; Lishman, R.

    2011-01-01

    The paper considers the role of the private rented sector in supplying housing that can be defined as social housing. It will do this by considering policy initiatives in Germany, France, the USA and England that use privately owned housing to meet social needs. The operation of these initiatives

  12. Etude des différents systèmes d'embouteillage du vin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. HAUBS

    1971-09-01

    Afin d'établir une classification des machines d'embouteillage, on peut, comme dans toutes les tentatives de ce genre, utiliser différents critères. De prime abord, le plus important nous semble être de distinguer entre les tireuses à niveau constant et les tireuses volumétriques

  13. RENT AS A SUPER-PROFIT, AS INCOME FROM ACTIVITIES SUCH AS LEASING AND HOW CORRUPTION-PREMIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komarov V. F.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the phenomenon called «rent». In the research authors have obtained scientific knowledge in three directions. The first new scientific result is based on the fundamental scientific fact: «All products in the competitive market are sold at a price equilibrium. Therefore, if the seller can sell goods cheaper than the equilibrium price, they extract rents as super-profits: entrepreneur or monopoly rents (including natural, mining, as well as patent, license, author». Note that the term «entrepreneur rent» was introduced into scientific discourse for the first time in this article. The second new scientific result is based on the fundamental scientific fact: «the right of ownership includes three powers: the right of ownership, the right of use, the right of disposal». The right of possession and temporary use can be sold separately, which allows to extract the lease rent. Important fact is that rental contracts as rents (between a landlord and a tenant employ the concept of «time»! Note that such an understanding of rent is formalized in the Civil Code. The third new scientific result is based on the fundamental scientific fact: «any administrative (governmental service can be carried out: (a strictly according to instructions, or (b initiatively, inventively, with a focus on the customer, especially if it is accompanied by a personal benefit of the service provider. The difference between formal and creative execution of duties constitutes «an increase» (discretion to the result of the administrative acts. Corrupt official can sell this “increase”, extracting discretionary (corrupt rent». The article presents the formulations of the scientific facts mentioned above, the concept of «rent» formulations, relevant to these facts, as well as studies, formulas, illustrations of the identified theoretical ideas and practical examples of their manifestations.

  14. Imputation of Housing Rents for Owners Using Models With Heckman Correction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beat Hulliger

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The direct income of owners and tenants of dwellings is not comparable since the owners have a hidden income from the investment in their dwelling. This hidden income is considered a part of the disposable income of owners. It may be predicted with the help of a linear model of the rent. Since such a model must be developed and estimated for tenants with observed market rents a selection bias may occur. The selection bias can be minimised through a Heckman correction. The paper applies the Heckman correction to data from the Swiss Statistics on Income and Living Conditions. The Heckman method is adapted to the survey context, the modeling process including the choice of covariates is explained and the effect of the prediction using the model is discussed.

  15. Score Mining Rents in Terms of Investment Attractiveness of Peat Mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrov, Gennady; Yablonev, Alexander

    2017-11-01

    In this article, as determinants in the system factors underlying the investment attractiveness of the peat industry is considered a rental factor, which predetermines the significant differences and peculiarities of the investment climate in the mining business and, in particular, in the sphere of peat mining. In contrast to modern studies treated the essence and role of rents in the economic mechanism, is proposed for a new approach to solving the problems of its formation. Our approach differs in that it, firstly, adequate rental relations, objectively in extractive industries, secondly, provides consensus in the interests of the owner of peat deposits and entrepreneurs, businesses in these deposits and, thus, thirdly, contributes to the creation of a favourable investment climate in the peat extraction industry. In practical terms, in accordance with the proposed approach, we have proposed specific allocation algorithm of mining rents from the profits of peat extraction enterprises.

  16. It's the rents, stupid! The political economy of the resource curse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne

    2009-01-01

    A number of studies suggest that natural resources can have a negative impact on the developing prospects of countries. Empirical results suggest that political economy models of patronage and rent-seeking are central to understanding why such a resource curse arises. In other words, the resource curse is created by certain resource rents leading to dysfunctional behaviour. This article introduces the term impartiality enhancing institutions to structure policy debates by distinguishing conditions under which negative effects of resources can be mitigated. Moreover, it is argued that viewing institutions as an equilibrium outcome has implications for the analysis of institutional change. Policy initiatives that do not promote the impartiality of institutions, nor attend to the underlying interests and incentives keeping a bad institutional equilibrium in place, will not help lift the resource curse.

  17. Impact of a simultaneous reduction in fishing subsidies and introduction of efficient management of rents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merayo, Eugenia; Waldo, Staffan; Nielsen, Max

    2018-01-01

    of the largest fishing nations within the EU. A static bio-economic model is used to analyze the effect of simultaneous elimination of subsidies and introduction of an economically efficient management system for the Northwest Spanish fleet. It is concluded that improvements in management would bring substantial......Subsidies to the fishing sector have long been criticized for fueling over-fishing, and a reduction in subsidies is currently on the agenda in the negotiations within the World Trade Organization (WTO). This article analyzes the role of subsidies and other management measures for Spain, one...... rents to the industry, up to €164 million, irrespective of subsidy level, but also a reduction in fishing effort of almost 60%. Under a management scheme that maximizes economic rents, elimination of subsidies in the fishery would increase social welfare, induced by a decrease in the equilibrium fishing...

  18. The NBA’s Maximum Player Salary and the Distribution of Player Rents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly M. Hastings

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The NBA’s 1999 Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA included provisions capping individual player pay in addition to team payrolls. This study examines the effect the NBA’s maximum player salary on player rents by comparing player pay from the 1997–1998 and 2003–2004 seasons while controlling for player productivity and other factors related to player pay. The results indicate a large increase in the pay received by teams’ second highest and, to a lesser extent, third highest paid players. We interpret this result as evidence that the adoption of the maximum player salary shifted rents from stars to complementary players. We also show that the 1999 CBA’s rookie contract provisions reduced salaries of early career players.

  19. Gas pricing in a liberalized European market; will the rent be taxed away?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Austvik, O.G.

    1997-01-01

    The European gas market will become 'more liberal'. Depending on in which segments competition is intensified and public interference takes place, prices in the gas chain will be affected. Rent may be redistributed among firms and prices will become more volatile. If supply overshoots demand for a long period, average consumer prices may also be pushed down. Rent may also end up as tax revenues for public authorities. This article argues that an active use of gas taxes as an instrument to derive public revenues increases the probability of a politically led liberalization process. The effect of these economic and political forces and actions may, however, be less new gas to the market. (author)

  20. It's the rents, stupid. The political economy of the resource curse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne [Chr. Michelsen Institute, P.O. Box 6033 Postterminalen, N-5892 Bergen (Norway)

    2009-12-15

    A number of studies suggest that natural resources can have a negative impact on the developing prospects of countries. Empirical results suggest that political economy models of patronage and rent-seeking are central to understanding why such a resource curse arises. In other words, the resource curse is created by certain resource rents leading to dysfunctional behaviour. This article introduces the term impartiality enhancing institutions to structure policy debates by distinguishing conditions under which negative effects of resources can be mitigated. Moreover, it is argued that viewing institutions as an equilibrium outcome has implications for the analysis of institutional change. Policy initiatives that do not promote the impartiality of institutions, nor attend to the underlying interests and incentives keeping a bad institutional equilibrium in place, will not help lift the resource curse. (author)

  1. DETERMINANT OF HOUSING RENTS IN URBAN ALBANIA: AN EMPIRICAL HEDONIC PRICE APPLICATION WITH NSA SURVEY DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Kahveci

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As an immobile, durable and heterogonous good, each housing unit has a bundle of different characteristics. Hedonic price method, which depends on the consumer theory of the classical economics, implies that each characteristic of heterogeneous goods provides a different level of satisfaction or utility to the consumer, being widely accepted as a toolkit for estimating effects of these characteristics on prices and rents. HPM expresses housing prices as the function of structural characteristics, location characteristics, and neighborhood characteristics. Theory and empirical applications of the HPM, which have been used for more than 40 years in developed countries, due to the lack of suitable data related literature is limited in Albania. The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between housing rents and housing characteristics in urban Albania with micro database of Living Conditions and Income Survey 2012.

  2. OPERATIONAL CIRCULAR No. 4 (REV. 1) – USE OF VEHICLES BELONGING TO OR RENTED BY CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Operational Circular No. 4 (Rev. 1) entitled “Use of vehicles belonging to or rented by CERN”, approved by the Director-general following discussion in the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 15 February 2012, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department: https://hr-docs.web.cern.ch/hr-docs/opcirc/opcirc.asp It cancels and replaces Operational Circular No. 4 entitled “Conditions for use by members of the CERN personnel of vehicles belonging to or rented by CERN” of April 2003. This new version enables, in particular, to include CERN contractors and their personnel, to harmonize the structure of the circular with other circulars and to simplify the procedures by permitting electronics forms. Department Head Office HR Department

  3. Rent pricing decision support mathematical model for finance leases under effective risks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabbani Masoud

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, leasing has become an increasingly important and popular method for equipment acquisition. But, because of the rent pricing difficulties and some risks that affect the lessor and lessee's decision making, there are many people that still tend to buy equipment instead of lease it. In this paper we explore how risk can affect the leasing issue support mathematical model. For this purpose, we consider three types of risk; Credit risk, Transaction risk and Risk based pricing. In particular, our focus was on how to make decision about rent pricing in a leasing problem with different customers, various quality levels and different pricing methods. Finally, the mathematical model has been solved by Genetic Algorithm that is a search heuristic to optimize the problem. This algorithm was coded in MATLAB® R2012a to provide the best set of results.

  4. Rent extraction by large shareholders: evidence using dividend policy in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bena, J.; Hanousek, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 58, 3-4 (2008), s. 106-130 ISSN 0015-1920 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA402/06/1293; GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:MSM0021620846 Keywords : rent extraction * large shareholders * dividend policy Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 0.275, year: 2008 http://journal.fsv.cuni.cz/storage/1125_str_106_130--bena-hanousek.pdf

  5. Celestial marriage and earthly rents: interests and the prohibition of polygamy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, G M; Tollison, R D

    1998-01-01

    Just prior to the Civil War, the US government set out on a relentless campaign to eliminate polygamy within the Mormon Church. This paper offers evidence that the political restrictions on the practice of polygamy were the result of rent seeking by potential beneficiaries of such laws (the Edmonds Act of 1882). Polygamy created benefits for women, but reduced the welfare of most men, in a time period when only adult males had the franchise.

  6. Viewpoint – Rent-Seeking in Agricultural Water Management: An Intentionally Neglected Core Dimension?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Huppert

    2013-06-01

    The author, drawing on thirty-five years of experience in the field of agricultural water management and on cases from research and from development cooperation, puts forward his personal viewpoint on this matter. He contends that local as well as international professionals on different levels in the water sector are caught in multifaceted conflicts between formal objectives and hidden interests – and often tend to resort to rent-seeking behaviour themselves.

  7. The value of Growth Hacking. Business development manual for Emi-Rent Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Elezovic, Velimir

    2017-01-01

    This thesis was commissioned by Emi-Rent Properties, a real estate company based in Bel-grade, Serbia. The main objective of this thesis is to help determine the value of growth hack-er marketing for the case company’s newly commissioned marketing campaign. Secondary objective of this thesis is to present practical advice on the implementation of a successful marketing campaign with strong international aspects. The thesis will cover major marketing concepts and provide an alternative view by...

  8. 41 CFR 102-85.160 - How does a customer agency know how much to budget for Rent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROPERTY 85-PRICING POLICY FOR OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.160 How does a customer agency... pricing due to changes in scope of proposed projects or repair and/or replacement of building components ...

  9. ANALISIS SEWA MENYEWA PARALEL PADA PERUSAHAAN RENT CAR CV. HARKAT DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsuardi Samsuardi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at determining the parallel process of car rental agreement between Harkat Rent Car Company and the owner of the car, and between the company and its customers in an Islamic economics perspective. This study also aims to analyze the risk coverage of the leased car. The data for this study was gathered through interviews, observation and documentation studies. The collected data was then analyzed using descriptive analysis method. Results showed that the process of car leasing begin when customer rented a car from CV. Harkat which was owned by its partner. The company provided a shared price for car owners according to a mutual agreement and applied only for a certain period. Furthermore, the partner has to allocate 20 percent of the income for the company. In addition, the company also required the partner to cover for maintenance costs, insurance, equipment, and spare parts. In the context of Islamic economics, the practice of leasing parallel conducted by the company was not fully Shariah compliance due to practice a lease above a lease and using two contracts in one transaction. =========================================== Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perjanjian sewa menyewa mobil secara paralel antara Perusahaan Rent Car CV. Harkat dengan pemilik mobil dan dengan konsumennya dalam perspektif ekonomi Islam. Penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menanganalisis pertanggungan resiko terhadap mobil yang dijadikan objek sewa menyewa tersebut sewa menyewa mobil di Perusahaan Rent Car CV. Data untuk penelitian ini bersumber dari wawancara, obesrvasi dan studi dokumentasi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa CV. Harkat menyewakan mobil milik mitra kerjanya (pemilik mobil kepada pelanggan yang membutuhkan sewa mobil untuk keperluannya. Pemilik usaha memberikan harga kongsi kepada pemilik mobil sesuai dengan kesepakatan bersama dan untuk jangka waktu

  10. How Brazil Transferred Billions to Foreign Coffee Importers: The International Coffee Agreement, Rent Seeking and Export Tax Rebates

    OpenAIRE

    Jarvis, Lovell S.

    2003-01-01

    Rent seeking is well known, but empirical evidence of its effects is relatively rare. This paper analyzes how the domestic and international rent seeking caused Brazil to provide coffee export tax rebates that transferred foreign exchange to coffee importers. Although Brazil was the world's largest exporter, it began to pay export tax rebates to selected coffee importers in 1965 and, by 1988, had paid rebates totaling $8 billion. Brazil explained these rebates as a mechanism to price disc...

  11. Identifying Critical Factors Influencing the Rents of Public Rental Housing Delivery by PPPs: The Case of Nanjing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingfeng Yuan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The occupancy rate of Public Rental Housing (PRH in China is relatively low due to the unreasonable rents. At the same time, the development of PRH using Public Private Partnerships (PPPs increases the complexity of the rents. Therefore, the critical factors influencing the rents of PRH delivery by PPPs should be identified. Based on the comprehensive literature, this article identified a conceptual model for the factors influencing the rents of PRH delivery by PPPs in China, composed of 14 factors grouped in three factor packages, and discussed the relationships among three factor packages. A survey based on Nanjing was conducted to assess the relative significance of 14 factors. According to the results, six critical factors were identified: construction costs, household income, floor area and structure, transportation, market rents in the same district and public facilities. In addition, the proposed conceptual model had a good fit. The results also supported two hypothetical relationships among three factor packages: (1 the increase of the affordability of the target tenants had a positive effect on the increase of profits of private sectors; and (2 the increase of the affordability of the target tenants had a positive effect on the increase of level of the characteristics of PRH units. For future research, six critical factors and the relationships among three factor packages can be used to determine the reasonable rents for PRH delivery by PPPs in China.

  12. Anterior versus posterior, and rim-rent rotator cuff tears: prevalence and MR sensitivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuite, M.J.; Turnbull, J.R.; Orwin, J.F.

    1998-01-01

    Purpose. To determine the relative distribution of the locations of rotator cuff tears, and the sensitivity of anterior versus posterior tears on MR images. Patients and methods. We identified 110 consecutive patients who had a shoulder MR and either a partial-thickness or a small full-thickness rotator cuff tear diagnosed at arthroscopy. MR sensitivity and patient age were compared between patients with tears in the anterior and posterior halves of the cuff. In addition, in patients with partial tears less than 2 cm in diameter, an age comparison between those with tears in the critical zone and those with articular surface tears adjacent to the bony insertion (rim-rent tear) was performed. Results. The tear was centered in the anterior half of the rotator cuff in 79% of the patients younger than 36 years old, and in 89% of the patients 36 years old and over. The average age of the patients with tears in the anterior half (44 years) was not significantly different from the average age of those with posterior tears (40 years). The sensitivity of MR for anterior tears was 0.69, and for posterior tears it was 0.56. Five of the nine rim-rent tears (0.56) were interpreted correctly on the original MR report; two of the other tears were misinterpreted as intratendinous fluid but were diagnosable in retrospect. Conclusion. Even in patients less than 36 years old, most partial and small full-thickness rotator cuff tears are centered in the anterior half of the supraspinatus. Although our figure for MR sensitivity for these tears is lower than in recent articles, we found no significant difference between the sensitivity of MR for diagnosing posterior tears versus tears in the anterior half of the supraspinatus tendon. Rim-rent tears can be mistaken for intratendinous signal, and should be carefully looked for in younger patients with shoulder pain. (orig.)

  13. Rent control and other aspects of tenancy law in Sweden, Denmark and Finland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norberg, Per; Juul-Sandberg, Jakob

    In the Nordic EU member states legislation on landlord’s and tenant’s rights is defined from a socio-economic aspect. The three countries share a common legal »core« which originates from common contract law principles. Tenancy law regulation is different in major areas – especially rent regulation....... In other areas the regulation is quite alike and the results are most often a result of trying to keep the balance between the tenant’s rights to dispose over a home contrary to the landlord’s rights as a property owner. This paper will explore some different aspects of tenancy law regulation – especially...

  14. Urban Concentration and Spatial Allocation of Rents from natural resources. A Zipf's Curve Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaz Ponce Dentinho

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at demonstrating how countries' dependency on natural resources plays a crucial role in urban concentration. The Zipf's Curve Elasticity is estimated for a group of countries and related to a set of indicators of unilateral transferences. Results show that in comparison to others, countries with higher urban concentration explained by higher Zipf's Curve Elasticity have a higher percentage of income coming from natural resources and education expenditures whereas public spending in health and outflow of Foreign Direct Investment seem to have spatial redistribution effects. Summing up, there are signs that the spatial allocation of property rights over natural resources and related rents influences urban concentration.

  15. Anterior versus posterior, and rim-rent rotator cuff tears: prevalence and MR sensitivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tuite, M J; Turnbull, J R; Orwin, J F [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Radiology

    1998-05-01

    Purpose. To determine the relative distribution of the locations of rotator cuff tears, and the sensitivity of anterior versus posterior tears on MR images. Patients and methods. We identified 110 consecutive patients who had a shoulder MR and either a partial-thickness or a small full-thickness rotator cuff tear diagnosed at arthroscopy. From the arthroscopy videotapes, we classified the tears as centered in the anterior or posterior half of the cuff, and as either in the critical zone or adjacent to the bony insertion. The original MR interpretation was compared with the arthroscopic findings. MR sensitivity and patient age were compared between patients with tears in the anterior and posterior halves of the cuff. In addition, in patients with partial tears less than 2 cm in diameter, an age comparison between those with tears in the critical zone and those with articular surface tears adjacent to the bony insertion (rim-rent tear) was performed. Results. The tear was centered in the anterior half of the rotator cuff in 79% of the patients younger than 36 years old, and in 89% of the patients 36 years old and over. The average age of the patients with tears in the anterior half (44 years) was not significantly different from the average age of those with posterior tears (40 years)(P=0.23). The sensitivity of MR for anterior tears was 0.69, and for posterior tears it was 0.56 (P=0.17). The average age of the 9 patients with rim-rent tears was 31 years, while that of the 28 patients with similarly-sized partial tears not involving the insertion was 40 years old (P=0.048). Five of the nine rim-rent tears (0.56) were interpreted correctly on the original MR report; two of the other tears were misinterpreted as intratendinous fluid but were diagnosable in retrospect. Conclusion. Even in patients less than 36 years old, most partial and small full-thickness rotator cuff tears are centered in the anterior half of the supraspinatus. Although our figure for MR sensitivity

  16. Do hospital chief executive officers extract rents from Certificate of Need laws?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichmann, Traci L; Santerre, Rexford E

    2011-01-01

    Prior research suggests that Certificate of Need (CON) laws reduce competition in the hospital services industry. As a result, this study empirically investigates if not-for-profit hospital chief executive officers (CEOs) are able to extract rents from CON laws in the form of higher compensation. A sample of 256 not-for-profit hospital CEOs in states with and without CON laws and data for 2007 are used in the empirical analysis. The study considers the endogenous nature of a CON law and allows such a law to indirectly affect CEO compensation through its impact on the number of hospitals and beds. The multiple regression results indicate that special and public interests both motivate the decision of a state to maintain a CON law. CON laws are shown to reduce the number of beds at the typical hospital by 12 percent, on average, and the number of hospitals per 100,000 persons by 48 percent. These reductions ultimately lead urban hospital CEOs in states with CON laws to extract economic rents of $91,000 annually.

  17. Resource rent taxation and benchmarking-A new perspective for the Swiss hydropower sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Banfi, Silvia; Filippini, Massimo

    2010-01-01

    The electricity generation in Switzerland is mainly based on hydropower (55% of total production). The exploitation of water in the hydropower sector can generate significant so-called resource rents. These are defined by the surplus return above the value of capital, labor, materials, and energy used to exploit hydropower. In Switzerland, hydropower producers pay to the State a fixed fee per kW gross capacity. With this system the substantial differences in costs, revenues and in the production characteristics of the hydropower plants are not taken into account. In this context, the following paper has two main goals: (1) to discuss the introduction in the Swiss hydropower sector of a new payment system based on a resource rent tax; (2) To propose a combination of a RRT system with a benchmarking analysis of the production cost obtained through the estimation of a stochastic frontier variable cost function. We estimate a true random effects stochastic frontier variable cost function using panel data in order to overcome the asymmetric information problem. In addition, using the information on cost efficiency of the single companies, we show how to introduce in the RRT scheme a benchmark system which gives incentives to minimize the production costs.

  18. ARE THE EUROPEAN UNION CAP’S SUBSIDIES A POLITICAL RENT? AN ATTEMPT AT METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bazyli Czyżewski

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the “induced innovation model of agricultural development” there exist mechanisms for this sector’s participation in contributing to economic development, as well as in sharing its benefits. Nonetheless, inefficiencies of the market that distort market signals, constitute a barrier of the latter process. Therefore, the so-called “surplus drainage” from agriculture takes place. The authors claim that it is possible to objectively measure a “surplus drainage” from agriculture as a result of market failure. Assuming that rural areas generate public goods (i.e. a landscape, a biodiversity, rural culture and tradition, unique food quality, food safety, food security speculative land investors have lower willingness to contribute to its creation, than family farms. This is why agrarian policy levies more duties on them (institutional barriers and favours farmers. The mentioned premises imply that the CAP’s subsidies should not be perceived as political rents according to its classical definition. Only a part of subsidies left after subtracting a value of “surplus drainage” and a compensation of public goods has a hallmark of the rent. A valuation of these values is an important scientific challenge.

  19. THE RISE AND DECLINE OF RENT-SEEKING ACTIVITY IN THE BRAZILIAN COFFEE SECTOR: LESSONS FROM THE IMPOSITION AND REMOVAL OF COFFEE EXPORT QUOTAS

    OpenAIRE

    Jarvis, Lovell S.

    2004-01-01

    Brazil, the world's largest coffee exporter, encouraged efforts in the 1960s to form the International Coffee Agreement (ICA), which restricted total coffee exports via country export quotas. The quotas led to significant domestic quota rents in producing countries. This paper analyzes the effects of rent seeking in Brazil. The Brazilian Institute of Coffee (IBC), which was responsible for coffee policy, was the focus of rent seeking. The paper models the policy instruments used by the IB...

  20. A win-win marginal rent analysis for operator and consumer under battery leasing mode in China electric vehicle market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Zhe; Ouyang Minggao

    2011-01-01

    Recently battery leasing has been introduced into the market by automobile manufacturers and power suppliers due to its potential to reduce the purchase cost of electric vehicles (EVs). However, the profit prospect of battery leasing is still uncertain. This paper takes the views of both the operators and consumers and calculates the 'win-win' marginal rent, which not only ensures the profitability of operators, but also allows consumers a lower expenditure than using Internal combustion engine vehicles (ICVs) and EVs with embedded batteries. Battery cost, vehicle weight, gasoline and electricity price, and the discount rate have impacts on the rent. Battery cost plays a dominant role and a battery cost >5 Yen /W h fails to enable the survival of battery leasing to all types of EVs. Battery leasing would be more competitive when focusing on heavier EVs. At least one of the three thresholds is required for the existence of rent pricing range for a 1000 kg EV: gasoline retail price >6 Yen /L, electricity price <0.6 Yen /kW h, or the discount rate <7%. Typically, the feasible battery rent range is 0.34-0.38 Yen /W h/year for a 1000 kg EV under the present battery cost 2 Yen /W h and China current gasoline and electricity prices. - Highlights: → Rent pricing for EV battery leasing must obey win-win rule for BLO and consumers. → Rent is affected by battery cost, vehicle weight, energy price and discount rate. → Battery cost plays dominant role for the BLO survival as described in '5-3-2' Law. → Heavier EVs are more suitable for battery leasing when battery cost is high. → The profitability of BLO is sensitive to the price of gasoline and electricity.

  1. Energy efficiency in U.S. residential rental housing: Adoption rates and impact on rent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Im, Jongho; Seo, Youngme; Cetin, Kristen S.; Singh, Jasmeet

    2017-01-01

    Highlights: •Rental units listings collected and analyzed for 10 U.S. cities. •Energy efficient features included in 5.3–21.6% of rental units in each city. •The most common efficient features are lighting and appliance upgrades. •Propensity score matching and conditional mean comparison methods used. •Generally, energy efficient features increases the units’ rent, overall from 6% to 14%. -- Abstract: For 118 million residential housing units in the U.S., there is currently a gap between the potential energy savings that can be achieved through the use of existing energy efficiency technologies, and the actual level of energy savings realized, particularly for the 37% of housing units that are considered residential rental properties. Additional quantifiable benefits are needed beyond energy savings to help further motivate residential property owners to invest in energy efficiency upgrades. This research focuses on assessing the adoption of energy efficient upgrades in U.S. residential housing and the impact on rental prices. Ten U.S. cities are chosen for analysis; these cities vary in size across multiple climate zones, and represent a diverse set of housing market conditions. Data was collected for over 159,000 rental property listings, their characteristics, and their energy efficiency measures listed in rental housing postings across each city. Following an extensive data quality control process, over thirty different types energy efficient features were identified. The level of adoption was determined for each city, ranging from 5.3% to 21.6%. Efficient lighting and appliances were among the most common, with many features doubling as energy efficient and other desirable aesthetic or comfort improvements. Then using propensity score matching and conditional mean comparison methods, the relative impact on rent charged in each city was calculated, which ranged from a 6% to 14.1% increase in rent for properties with energy efficient features

  2. Sustainable Rent-Based Closed-Loop Supply Chain for Fashion Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Hua Hu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The textile and clothing industry generates much pollution and consumes a large amount of resources. Improper uses and disposal of clothing products make the problems much more severe. Fast fashion products shorten the valid lifecycle and generate more waste than regular clothing products. Considering the features of fashion products, a system of a rent-based closed-loop supply chain is developed to improve the sustainability of fashion products. The supply chain processes (fashion design and manufacturing, laundry, logistics and disposal, the operations management issues (inventory management, closed-loop logistics, human-clothing matching, booking system and the rental pricing and the sustainability promotion aspects (customization, responsive system, culture and policy aspects are investigated by devising sustainable strategies. The rationalities of the developed system and strategies are reviewed and elucidated in detail. The results may contribute to building sustainable closed-loop fashion supply chains, the related information systems and operational and managerial mechanisms.

  3. Congestion rents and FTR evaluations in mixed-pool-bilateral systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, Minghai; Gross, George

    2008-01-01

    Evaluation of key metrics for congestion management, including the congestion rents and the financial transmission rights (FTR) payoffs, requires the efficient allocation of transmission services and the calculation of appropriate locational marginal prices (LMPs). This requirement is particularly acute when there are bilateral transactions coexisting with the centralized pool markets. We propose a new formulation for this purpose, which captures explicitly the contribution of the bilateral transactions to the social welfare. The proposed formulation effectively integrates the pool market and the bilateral transactions on a consistent basis and results in the more efficient allocation of the transmission resources than the conventional tool. We assess analytically the capabilities of the proposed formulation and solution and quantify the improvements in the evaluations over those done using the conventional approach. Such improvements are also illustrated using simulation results on a wide range of test systems including the IEEE 118-bus network. (author)

  4. How to spend it: Resource wealth and the distribution of resource rents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Segal, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Natural resource revenues differ from other government revenues both in their time profile, and in their political and legal status: they are volatile and exhaustible, and belong to all citizens of the country in which they are located. This paper discusses the theory of natural resource revenues and examines expenditure practices in a range of resource-rich countries. It considers both the distributional impact and the efficiency of expenditure policies, focusing on the extent to which they succeed in providing all citizens with their share of the benefits due to natural resources. - Highlights: ► We examine the relationship between resource rents and government resource revenues. ► We discuss the intertemporal management of resource revenues in theory and in practice. ► We critically examine existing policies for distributing resource revenues to populations.

  5. Reducing appropriable quasi rents to combat the hold-up problem in contract agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karantininis, Kostas; Graversen, Jesper Tranbjerg

    2005-01-01

    , when building the broiler house, to prepare a viable future change in production from broilers to pigs. This will increase the bargaining power to farmers and may result in higher producer prices. Based on the general model of the hold-up problem with co-specific investments (Koss & Eaton, 1997......This paper examines the problem of hold-up in the agri-food sector. Production contracts offered to future Danish Broiler producers give rise to specific investments and appropriable quasi rents. Farmers are vulnerable to opportunistic behaviour by poultry processors which materializes in lower...... prices and results in lower investments. One obvious alternative to producing broilers is to produce pigs; since the pork industry is very well developed with the pork slaughter and processing being mainly (more than 90 %) run by two producer-owned cooperatives. Then it might be possible for the farmer...

  6. 26 CFR 1.992-4 - Coordination with personal holding company provisions in case of certain produced film rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Coordination with personal holding company provisions in case of certain produced film rents. 1.992-4 Section 1.992-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Domestic International...

  7. 77 FR 61157 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... HMFA. Las Vegas-Paradise, NV MSA New Haven-Meriden, CT HMFA. North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL MSA... areas of New Jersey, Anchorage and several non-metropolitan areas of Alaska, Dallas, TX and Burlington... Projects and Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Projects at Risk If a current HUD Section 8 project uses rents...

  8. 41 CFR 102-85.15 - What are the basic policies for charging Rent for space and services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 2%) on the cost of the prospective capital investment. Each specific use of Return on Investment... customer agency. Once the ROI methodology is employed to establish Rent for a capital investment, the ROI...-owned buildings, a return on investment pricing approach if an appraisal-determined rental value does...

  9. Fuzziness, democracy, control and collective decision-choice system a theory on political economy of rent-seeking and profit-harvesting

    CERN Document Server

    Dompere, Kofi Kissi

    2014-01-01

    This volume presents an analysis of the problems and solutions of the market mockery of the democratic collective decision-choice system with imperfect information structure composed of defective and deceptive structures using methods of fuzzy rationality. The book is devoted to the political economy of rent-seeking, rent-protection and rent-harvesting to enhance profits under democratic collective decision-choice systems. The toolbox used in the monograph consists of methods of fuzzy decision, approximate reasoning, negotiation games and fuzzy mathematics. The monograph further discusses the rent-seeking phenomenon in the Schumpeterian and Marxian political economies where the rent-seeking activities transform the qualitative character of the general capitalism into oligarchic socialism and making the democratic collective decision-choice system as an ideology rather than social calculus for resolving conflicts in preferences in the collective decision-choice space without violence.    

  10. The failure of introducing market institution in a rent sector into an economy in transition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Locatelli, C.; Finon, D.

    2003-07-01

    Privatisation is at the heart of the structural reforms for economies in transition. In theory, the main aim of privatisation is to change the structures of corporate governance in order to improve the efficiency of the enterprises and to assure their long-term future in a competitive environment. The adoption of formal market institutions would be sufficient to secure the new property rights, in particular because the new holders of the rights to control assets would have a great incentive to encourage the definition of new judicial rules that would guarantee their rights of ownership. In Russia that did not happen. The paper discusses the narrowed vision of institutional change, without consideration of the previous environment of formal and informal institutions, and the need to put together the institutional infrastructure that is needed for the market institutions to function. It offers explanations of the 'unexpected' results of the reforms in a capital-intensive natural resource industry, namely the hydrocarbons industry characterized by the opportunity of rent extraction by the exportation. It demonstrates right holders' interest for the weakness of the 'rule of law'. It demonstrates that the incompatibility of these institutions with the initial informal and formal institutions has led to adaptations that are strongly path-dependent, under the need to preserve a minimum of inter-industrial coherence. (authors)

  11. The failure of introducing market institution in a rent sector into an economy in transition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Locatelli, C.; Finon, D

    2003-07-01

    Privatisation is at the heart of the structural reforms for economies in transition. In theory, the main aim of privatisation is to change the structures of corporate governance in order to improve the efficiency of the enterprises and to assure their long-term future in a competitive environment. The adoption of formal market institutions would be sufficient to secure the new property rights, in particular because the new holders of the rights to control assets would have a great incentive to encourage the definition of new judicial rules that would guarantee their rights of ownership. In Russia that did not happen. The paper discusses the narrowed vision of institutional change, without consideration of the previous environment of formal and informal institutions, and the need to put together the institutional infrastructure that is needed for the market institutions to function. It offers explanations of the 'unexpected' results of the reforms in a capital-intensive natural resource industry, namely the hydrocarbons industry characterized by the opportunity of rent extraction by the exportation. It demonstrates right holders' interest for the weakness of the 'rule of law'. It demonstrates that the incompatibility of these institutions with the initial informal and formal institutions has led to adaptations that are strongly path-dependent, under the need to preserve a minimum of inter-industrial coherence. (authors)

  12. Effect of castration on performance and profitability of finishing cattle in rent feedlot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Aurélio Lopes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Effects of castration on performance and profitability of finishing beef cattle in feedlot was evaluated and compared to no-castrated animals. Data came from a rent feedlot of beef cattle, conducted from August to November of 2005. Half of 50 animals, randomly chosen, were castrated by knife 18 days before the beginning of feedlot. Averages of initial body weight for castrated and no-castrated animals were 341kg and 347kg, while for final body weight were 437kg and 463kg, respectively. Were considered as expenses arroba value of thin cattle (R$50.00, and R$2.85 daily expenses per animal paid by cattle owner to “boitel”; and were considered as earnings sale of fat cattle at R$56.14 and R$54.14/arroba, respectively for castrated and no-castrated animals. For profitability analysis, CU$TO BOVINO CORTE software was utilized. Was tested the mean differences between castrated and intact groups by Student t test of average daily weight gains (GMPD and total weight gain (GMPT. Was acceptable the minimum level of confidence of 95%. Statistical analysis was performed in SPSS 17.0 program. Effect of castration negatively influenced animals´ performance, evaluated by weight gain, and, consequently profitability of the system, evaluated by net margin. Earnings from sale of additional arrobas of no-castrated animals were enough to compensate penalization practiced by packinghouses for these animals.

  13. THE ROLE OF THE ECONOMIC RENTS IN THE POLITICAL TRANSFORMATION OF TURKEY AFTER THE 1980S*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bugra Kalkan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available It is claimed in this article that one of the main aims of the “bureaucratic tutelage” system in Turkey is to control the distribution of the economic rents created by the import-substituting industrialization. Thus, economic statism and the bureaucratic control over elected politicians were compatible with each other until economic liberalization in 1980. Even a limited economic liberalization created great opportunities for the politicians to weaken the power of the bureaucratic elites, particularly military officers. Thus, there is a strong relationship between economic liberalization and democratization in Turkey after 1980. However, even though, bureaucratic tutelage is regressed, Turkey is still far from having a transparent government and efficient public organizations. The conventional explanations are not adequate to grasp the intermingled relations between economic and political institutionalization in Turkey. Therefore, public choice may help to understand the role of the economic motivations of the political actors/elites in the context of shaping the political institutions. The political actors are seen as utility maximizers within the limits of institutional rules and practices, and the institutional change is explained with the help of changing interests and power relations of these actors. Enlarging economic liberties have gradually forced bureaucratic tutelage system to dissolve. For sure, dissolving the bureaucratic tutelage system is not a perfect or an intended process but examining this process from Turgut Ozal to Tayyip Erdogan gives us a theoretical framework to understand the political transformation of Turkey in the era of an open economy.

  14. Economic Rents and Legitimacy: Incorporating Elements of Organizational Analysis Institutional Theory to the Field of Business Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurélio Lima de Queiroz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Are sources of economic rent, as defined by the prevalent business strategy paradigm, sufficient to attain and maintain superior returns? The perspective developed within the conceptual framework of the Institutional Theory may offer managers a contribution towards understanding the strategy process and its potentialities,particularly by stressing the leading role played by legitimacy, the influence of many institutional spheres, the isomorphic pressures, ceremonial behavior and decoupling, among other elements, that mainstream business strategy fails to address directly, but which may have a significant effect on firm performance. We advance thatthese elements must be accounted for in the pursuit and acquisition of economic rents, even if the ability to articulate them purposefully is constrained by rationality, agency conditions and the manager's social embeddedness.

  15. Strategy Dynamics through a Demand-Based Lens: The Evolution of Market Boundaries, Resource Rents and Competitive Positions

    OpenAIRE

    Adner, Ron; Zemsky, Peter

    2003-01-01

    We develop a novel approach to the dynamics of business strategy that is grounded in an explicit treatment of consumer choice when technologies improve over time. We address the evolution of market boundaries, resource rents and competitive positions by adapting models of competition with differentiated products. Our model is consistent with the central strategy assertion that competitive interactions are governed by superior value creation and competitive advantage. More importantly, it show...

  16. Green Auctions and Reduction of Information Rents in Payments for Environmental Services: An Experimental Investigation in Sunan County, Northwestern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Xiaohong; Xu, Zhongmin

    2015-01-01

    Reducing information rents is an important task for government agencies wishing to purchase maximal environmental services with limited budgets. This paper reports on several green auction options for reducing information rents and improving the performance of the “Grain for Green” Payments for environmental services (PES) program implemented in northwestern China. In r experimental auctions and investigations, door-to-door interviews were conducted and bidding envelopes and survey questionnaires were used to determine the offers and the foregone profits of the participants. Three scenarios are analyzed in this paper: a uniform price auction, a discriminatory price auction, and an opportunity-cost system. The results show that compared to the uniform price auction system, the other auction systems can increase the cost-effectiveness of conservation contracting. Competitive bidding can reveal true opportunity costs and can reduce information rents extracted from the government by farmers using private information. The demographics and average bids of these auction types were also analyzed. “Perfect information” in the opportunity-cost offer system has the best performance but is very hard to implement in reality. The results of this research show that the auction is a valuable tool for purchasing conservation contracts in northwestern China, but that in the future, the performance of these auctions should be studied with relaxed model assumptions. PMID:25793263

  17. Standards of Housing for Rent Built by Municipal Social Building Society in Bialystok (Poland) during 1996 - 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokajuk, Andrzej

    2017-10-01

    The period of economic transformation in Poland started from 1989 and resulted in significant changes on the housing market. Flats became goods and process of privatizing of the housing market took place in last decade of the 20th century. It became clear, that it was necessary to create the system of housing for the people who cannot afford to buy the flat on free market. Such solutions were implemented in 1996 and since then affordable housing associations started coming into existence - organizations building flats for rent, supported by city and government budget. Large complex of such housing for rent was built in Bialystok, the major city of northeastern Poland, and it is regarded as one of the biggest in the country. The purpose of the study is characteristics of the contemporary social housing for rent in Bialystok, as good example of that kind of housing realized in Poland. The author uses a kind of parametrical method and analysis some aspects of housing environment: the urban concepts of housing developments, architectural ideas, standards of flats, and also solutions of parking places, road systems and access to basic services, including recreational areas. He gets factors of housing standards as a final result.

  18. 24 CFR 1000.124 - What maximum and minimum rent or homebuyer payment can a recipient charge a low-income rental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... assisted with NAHASDA grant amounts? 1000.124 Section 1000.124 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... Activities § 1000.124 What maximum and minimum rent or homebuyer payment can a recipient charge a low-income...

  19. Housing as a Social Determinant of Health: Exploring the Relationship between Rent Burden and Risk Behaviors for Single Room Occupancy Building Residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Elizabeth A; Mitchell, Christopher G

    2016-01-01

    A growing body of health determinants research recognizes that housing and health are intimately linked. This study explores the relationship between rent burden (the ratio of rent to income) and health risk behaviors among a sample of single room occupancy (SRO) building residents. Cross-sectional data were gathered from a sample of 162 residents living in privately owned, for-profit SROs in Chicago. Findings indicated that participants who had full rental subsidies and thus were designated in a no-rent-burden category were more likely to engage in risk behaviors including illicit drug use, having multiple sexual partners, and having sex without a condom, in comparison to participants with moderate or high-rent burdens. These findings suggest that interventions to increase housing stability and affordability and bolster reliable income sources (in addition to rental subsidies) may be key in reducing risk behaviors and improving health for vulnerably housed populations such as SRO residents.

  20. Soil erosion and mitigation measures on rented and owned fields in Uruguay: the impact of transgenic soya and foreign investors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caon, Lucrezia; Kessler, Aad; Keesstra, Saskia; Cruze, Rick

    2014-05-01

    Governments, companies and individuals with financial capital to invest, are worldwide buying or renting land in developing or third world countries. Uruguay is a developing country whose economy is mainly based on agriculture. Since 2000 many foreigners started to invest in the Uruguayan agricultural sector and to practice intensive large-scale agriculture. The significant presence of foreigners in the country is proven by the fact that almost 360 000 ha out of the 500 000 ha forming the study area were managed by foreigners in 2012. Nowadays farmers have abandoned the traditional crop rotation plan that included pasture to produce grain for export, and transgenic soya (soya RR) became the main crop planted by both foreigners and locals. Besides the high soil erosion rates related to having soya as main crop, planting soya implies the use of glyphosate, a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide leading to important environmental impacts. It is commonly said that foreigners investing in poor countries are exploiting the local natural resources aiming to get the highest possible profit from them. Is this a valid assumption in Uruguay? The purpose of this study was to compare the land management style of foreign and local farmers and to relate it to the soil erosion occurring in the study area. The land tenure (rented or owned fields) and the type of farmer interviewed ("individual farmer" equivalent to L.L.C. or "anonymous society" equivalent to P.L.C.) were taken into consideration during the analysis. Based on what stated by the farmers interviewed, the soil erosion simulations considered the seven most popular crop rotation plans on rented and owned fields, three ideals crop rotation plans, the application of no mitigation measures, and the construction of terraces and conservation buffers. Depending on the crop rotation plan, soils characterized by slope gradients higher than 2 resulted in soil erosion rates higher than the 7 ton/ha/year allowed by law. The highest

  1. Permanentnost primitivne akumulacije, ali o privatni lastnini, komodifikaciji in povratku rente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Prodnik

    2011-06-01

    moderne in zagovarja nujnost absolutne demokracije pri upravljanju, vzpostavljanju in dojemanju skupnega. /// English title: The Permanence of Primitive Accumulation, or: On the Private Property, Commodification and Return of the Rent /// Abstract: In his analysis of current social antagonisms, the author starts from a critique of political economy and focuses on two historically and politically/theoretically important concepts, without which it would not be possible to understand the development of the capitalist system and the way it currently functions: primitive accumulation and modern private property. Newer interpretations of the process of primitive accumulation (Perelman, DeAngelis, Harvey start from the premise that primitive accumulation is not just a historical period belonging to the past, but a necessarily present part of capital in its expansion and search for news ways out of recurring crises. This permanence of primitive accumulation, which Harvey refers to as accumulation-by-disposses sion, in which a key factor is the difference between the generation and existence of capital, helps us to understand the ever present processes of capital expansion and their often violent incorporation of various fields. Although these processes are an always-already-present characteristic of capitalism, by manifesting themselves, they have marked the past decades, when capital has attempted to resolve its own profitability crisis through financialisation and privatisation. At the same time, because the existence of the modern form of private property has appeared as an important condition for capitalist accumulation and as that element which facilitates the effective functioning, development and expansion of capitalist relations of production, at the beginning of the article, this socially constructed phenomenon of modern society, which, through a process of reductionism, makes it almost impossible to consider different forms of ownership such as common forms of property

  2. A Causal Mechanism of Policy Innovation: The Reform of Colombia’s Oil-Rents Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayron Paz

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes policy innovation in Colombia, through the adoption of a new centralized oil-rent management system in 2011, after 20 years of decentralized policies. Using a policy-design framework, we identify a causal mechanism linking the opening of a policy window to policy change as a combination of the emergence of a new policy network, the adoption of a new policy paradigm and the selection of a new instruments mix. Drawing on Bayesian statistics, the 11 tests conducted on the causal mechanism show the importance of State resources of information, authority, treasury and organization to assess the outcome of policy change.

  3. 41 CFR 102-85.190 - Can GSA Rent be adjusted when standard levels of service are performed by other customer agencies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... when standard levels of service are performed by other customer agencies? 102-85.190 Section 102-85.190... perform or contract for such services must be obtained in advance by the customer agency from the... of Service § 102-85.190 Can GSA Rent be adjusted when standard levels of service are performed by...

  4. 30 CFR 285.508 - What rent payments must I pay on ROW grants or RUE grants associated with renewable energy projects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... RUE grants associated with renewable energy projects? 285.508 Section 285.508 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF... § 285.508 What rent payments must I pay on ROW grants or RUE grants associated with renewable energy...

  5. Valuing Ecosystem Services with Fishery Rents: A Lumped-Parameter Approach to Hypoxia in the Neuse River Estuary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larry B. Crowder

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Valuing ecosystem services with microeconomic underpinnings presents challenges because these services typically constitute nonmarket values and contribute to human welfare indirectly through a series of ecological pathways that are dynamic, nonlinear, and difficult to quantify and link to appropriate economic spatial and temporal scales. This paper develops and demonstrates a method to value a portion of ecosystem services when a commercial fishery is dependent on the quality of estuarine habitat. Using a lumped-parameter, dynamic open access bioeconomic model that is spatially explicit and includes predator-prey interactions, this paper quantifies part of the value of improved ecosystem function in the Neuse River Estuary when nutrient pollution is reduced. Specifically, it traces the effects of nitrogen loading on the North Carolina commercial blue crab fishery by modeling the response of primary production and the subsequent impact on hypoxia (low dissolved oxygen. Hypoxia, in turn, affects blue crabs and their preferred prey. The discounted present value fishery rent increase from a 30% reduction in nitrogen loadings in the Neuse is $2.56 million, though this welfare estimate is fairly sensitive to some parameter values. Surprisingly, this number is not sensitive to initial conditions.

  6. Welfare distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market: A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Van Witteloostuijn, Arjen; Van Marrewijk, Charles

    2007-01-01

    As part of the larger energy market deregulation program, the Dutch energy authority - DTe - has developed the habit to force the Dutch gas transport enterprise - Gas Transport Services, or GTS - to lower its prices. DTe's key argument is that lower gas transport prices will benefit the end-user. Indeed, that might well be the case. This policy, in general, is in line with European legislation on the liberalization of the gas market. We model and simulate the (domestic) welfare effects of a 5 percent transport price reduction. From this, we conclude that at least three observations complicate matters substantially. First, GTS is government-owned, and the dominant shipper - Gasunie Trade and Supply (or GasTerra, as it was recoined recently) - is partly so (50%). Second, shippers enter into the competitive game to make profits. Third, not only is the majority of gas transported in the Netherlands exported to foreign end-users, but also foreign owners have a large stake in Dutch shippers. As a result, part of the rents will always be distributed, or will 'leak' away, to foreign consumers and shippers (or their shareholders). These three observations together have three important implications. First, state ownership implies that much rent allocation is simply a matter of circulating money from one government sub-budget to the other. Second, given that the industry is imperfectly competitive, part of the rents will not be passed on to the end-consumers. Third, it is unavoidable that a substantial part of the rents are transferred abroad. A general conclusion for policy-makers is that market liberalization might not bring ex post what they expected ex ante. (author)

  7. Revisiting Office Rent Determinants : Development of the Istanbul Office Market in the Last Decade from Perspective of Real Estate Brokerage Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Dilek Pekdemir

    2014-01-01

    Many studies on the office market have been conducted for the last thirty years. Especially variables which are expected to affect office rents were examined for different cities. The extent of variables was used in these studies reflecting variations in locational and/or economical conditions of the different cities.It is aimed to examine the development of the Istanbul office market in the last decade from the perspective of brokerage firms. The perception of brokerage firms on the effectiv...

  8. Mineral Taxation Policies in Developing Countries: An Application of Resource Rent Tax (L'imposition des ressources dans les pays en développement: application du concept de taxe sur la rente minière) (Políticas de impuestos a los minerales en los países en desarrollo: Aplicación del impuesto a la renta de recursos)

    OpenAIRE

    Keith F. Palmer

    1980-01-01

    The central problem of mineral taxation policy in developing countries is to establish a stable fiscal framework that, under conditions of uncertainty, both obtains a high share of mineral rent for the resource-owning country and ensures for the investor the prospect of a return on his investment commensurate with his risk. The main concern of the paper is to propose a practical fiscal framework, based on the resource rent tax concept, that meets these objectives. The resource rent tax is a p...

  9. Actual Condition of Paddy Field Levee Maintenance by Various Farm Households including Large-scale Farming in the Developed Land Renting Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakata, Yasuyo

    The survey of interview, resource acquisition, photographic operation, and questionnaire were carried out in the “n” Community in the “y” District in Hakusan City in Ishikawa Prefecture to investigate the actual condition of paddy field levee maintenance in the area where land-renting market was proceeding, large-scale farming was dominant, and the problems of geographically scattered farm-land existed. In the study zone, 1) an agricultural production legal person rent-cultivated some of the paddy fields and maintained the levees, 2) another agricultural production legal person rent-cultivated some of the soy bean fields for crop changeover and land owners maintained the levees. The results indicated that sufficient maintenance was executed on the levees of the paddy fields cultivated by the agricultural production legal person, the soy bean fields for crop changeover, and the paddy fields cultivated by the land owners. Each reason is considered to be the managerial strategy, the economic incentive, the mutual monitoring and cross-regulatory mechanism, etc.

  10. Chemical Looping Combustion with Different Types of Liquid Fuels Combustion en boucle chimique avec différentes charges liquides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoteit A.

    2011-02-01

    travail est d’étudier la faisabilité de la combustion partielle ou totale des charges liquides dans les conditions du CLC au contact d’un matériau porteur d’oxygène. Un petit réacteur en lit fluidisé opérant en batch a été développé pour permettre alternativement le contact du matériau porteur d’oxygène avec une charge liquide ou de l’air. Le réacteur de 20 mm de diamètre est rempli de 45 g de particules de NiAl0.44O1.67. Environ 1-2 g de charge liquide est injecté par pulse dans le lit à des températures allant jusqu’à 950˚C. Différentes charges liquides ont été étudiées, du dodécane au fioul lourd n˚2. Les résultats montrent que pendant la période de réduction du matériau porteur d’oxygène, il est possible de convertir tous les hydrocarbures injectés. À l’issue de cette phase, il ne subsiste pas de dépôt de coke à la surface des particules. En fonction de la quantité d’oxygène disponible dans le lit, on effectue une combustion totale ou partielle des hydrocarbures injectés. Des résultats similaires sont obtenus pour les différents hydrocarbures testés, malgré leurs propriétés a priori très différentes.

  11. « Au fracas de la foudre, les animaux intelligents s'éveillèrent »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnès Bouvier

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Félix Pouchet, dans son Hétérogénie, ou Traité de la génération spontanée qu’il publie en 1859, défend, contre Pasteur et Milne-Edwards, l’idée d’une « force génésique » inhérente à la matière qui aurait présidé à la création et qui continuerait de s’exercer dans la formation et la transformation des espèces. Le livre fait partie des lectures de Flaubert pendant la période de rédaction de Salammbô. Le 5 août 1860, il écrit dans une lettre à madame Jules Sandeau : « J’entremêle mes lectures puniques (qui ne sont pas légères d’autres facéties graves. Je me livre maintenant au volumineux bouquin de mon ami le docteur Pouchet sur les générations spontanées. » C’est la nature de cet entrelacement que nous proposons d’interroger, à travers l’étude génétique d’un passage du chapitre III de Salammbô où Flaubert récrit la cosmogonie phénicienne à la lumière du spontanéisme moderne.Félix Pouchet, in Heterogeny or Spontaneous generation Treatise (1859, argues, against Pasteur and Milne-Edwards, for the existence of a « genesical force » inside matter at the beginning of the universe, still active in the formation and transformation of species. Flaubert read Pouchet’s book when he was writing Salammbô. On August 5th 1860, he wrote to madame Jules Sandeau : « I mingle my Punic readings (which are not light with other serious jokes. I now dedicate myself to my friend doctor Pouchet’s bulky book on spontaneous generations. » This interlacing of archaeology and science is precisely what I will examine in my paper, through the genetic study of a passage of Salammbô (chapter III where Flaubert rewrites the Phoenician cosmogony in the light of modern spontaneism.

  12. Extracting rents through foreclosures: The rescue of Catalunya Banc as a new urban strategy following the burst of the Spanish bubble

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vives-Miró Sònia

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Using the paradigmatic example of Catalunya Banc, this paper analyses the Spanish varieties of the new financial engineering used to appropriate urban rent by home dispossession. It aims to contribute to the study of the new forms of financialization that have appeared since 2008. Particular attention is given to the role of the state, the emergence of private equity funds as global real estate owners and how this has translated into a wave of evictions due to mortgage foreclosures. In short, this article highlights the implications of the uneven development resulting from the exhaustion of the so-called Spanish model of accumulation during the real estate boom years.

  13. Vibrations et relaxations dans les molécules biologiques. Apports de la diffusion incohérente inélastique de neutrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanotti, J.-M.

    2005-11-01

    Le présent document ne se veut pas un article de revue mais plutôt un élément d'initiation à une technique encore marginale en Biologie. Le lecteur est supposé être un non spécialiste de la diffusion de neutrons poursuivant une thématique à connotation biologique ou biophysique mettant en jeu des phénomènes dynamiques. En raison de la forte section de diffusion incohérente de l'atome d'hydrogène et de l'abondance de cet élément dans les protéines, la diffusion incohérente inélastique de neutrons est une technique irremplaçable pour sonder la dynamique interne des macromolécules biologiques. Après un rappel succinct des éléments théoriques de base, nous décrivons le fonctionnement de différents types de spectromètres inélastiques par temps de vol sur source continue ou pulsée et discutons leurs mérites respectifs. Les deux alternatives utilisées pour décrire la dynamique des protéines sont abordées: (i)l'une en termes de physique statistique, issue de la physique des verres, (ii) la seconde est une interprétation mécanistique. Nous montrons dans ce cas, comment mettre à profit les complémentarités de domaines en vecteur de diffusion et de résolution en énergie de différents spectromètres inélastiques de neutrons (temps de vol, backscattering et spin-écho) pour accéder, à l'aide d'un modèle physique simple, à la dynamique des protéines sur une échelle de temps allant d'une fraction de picoseconde à quelques nanosecondes.

  14. Award of two contracts for the renting of magnetic tape drives and tape libraries for LHC data storage and the purchase of the associated tape cartridges

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    This document concerns the award of two contracts for the renting and possible subsequent purchase of magnetic tape drives and tape libraries for LHC data storage. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the procedure described in section 3 of this document for the evaluation and possible subsequent purchase of tape drives and tape libraries for the storage of data from the LHC experiments. Subject to approval of this procedure, the Finance Committee is further invited to approve the negotiation of a contract for the renting of tape drives and tape libraries for evaluation purposes from IBM, for an amount of 579 707 Swiss francs, and from StorageTek, for an amount of 472 297 Swiss francs, during the period January 2006 â?" March 2007, plus the purchase of the associated tape cartridges for amounts of 202 500 Swiss francs and 284 748 Swiss francs respectively. The Finance Committee will be informed of the results of the evaluation by the end of 2006 and, subject to the outcome, will be invited to approve...

  15. L’origine de l’emploi de la forme analogique grande : concordance de genre ou identification du référent ?

    OpenAIRE

    Xia Haoyu Irene; Ranson Diana L.

    2016-01-01

    L’objectif de la présente étude est de déterminer les raisons pour lesquelles un auteur du XVIe siècle aurait choisi la nouvelle forme analogique grande plutôt que la forme épicène grand. L’étude est basée sur un corpus de 1341 occurrences de cet adjectif au féminin dans 17 textes de cinq auteurs. L’hypothèse de l’identification du référent propose qu’un auteur aurait choisi cette forme pour indiquer clairement qu’elle modifie un substantif féminin et assurer ainsi le lien entre l’adjectif et...

  16. Are tradable green certificates a cost-efficient policy driving technical change or a rent-generating machine? Lessons from Sweden 2003-2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bergek, Anna; Jacobsson, Staffan

    2010-01-01

    In the European policy debate, tradable green certificates (TGC) have been suggested to be a superior regulatory framework for promoting the diffusion of renewable electricity technologies. The purpose of this paper is to assess the performance of the Swedish TGC system, contributing to the European debate on the suitability of different types of frameworks. The expectations of the TGC system were that it would: (a) be effective in terms of increasing the supply of 'green' electricity; (b) do this in a cost effective manner (from both a social and a consumer perspective); (c) generate an equitable distribution of costs and benefits and (d) drive technical change. So far, it has performed adequately in terms of effectiveness and social cost effectiveness. However, consumer costs have been substantially higher than expected, very large rents are generated and, at best, it contributes marginally to technical change. Thus, a TGC framework should be selected if the overriding concern is to minimize short term social costs of reaching a certain goal with a high degree of predictability. However, it cannot be expected to also drive technical change, keep consumer costs down and be equitable. Such trade-offs need to be revealed and not obscured by analysts.

  17. Étude des liens entre les caractéristiques instrumentales et les différents types de motivations des participants dans un MOOC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Heutte

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans les MOOC, le paradoxe entre l’engouement massif et la chute tout aussi massive de la participation renouvelle la problématique de la persistance du fait de l’importance de l’abandon. En vue d’éclairer les déterminants de cette persistance, cette contribution rend compte d’outils mobilisés dans le cadre d’une étude exploratoire réalisée auprès des participants (N = 10 700 inscrits dans un MOOC francophone. Cette étude est l’occasion d’utiliser deux nouveaux outils de mesure : l’échelle de perception instrumentale des communautés (PIC et l’échelle de motivation en formation d’adultes (EMFA. Conformément aux attentes, les résultats de cette étude mettent en évidence les liens entre les perceptions instrumentales et les différents types de motivations : les liens les plus élevés s’observent au niveau de la régulation intégrée de la motivation extrinsèque. Il ressort aussi de cette étude que les deux nouveaux outils (PIC et EMFA complètent utilement l’outillage conceptuel et méthodologique du monitorage en temps réel des MOOC.

  18. Are civil-law notaries rent-seeking monopolists or essential market intermediaries? Endogenous development of a property rights institution in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monkkonen, Paavo

    2016-01-01

    As the fourth contribution in the 'Land' section, this paper forms a research 'diptych' with the next paper by Levy. Whereas she focuses on the notarial institution in mid-nineteenth century Mexico, this contribution examines it in a contemporary context. The notary is one of the chief components of property rights protection in civil-law systems, performing various public functions such as writing deeds for real estate property. Yet notaries are considered an 'inefficient' institution by many, due to the perception of rent-seeking behavior enabled by their near-monopoly over validating property rights claims. This study examines notaries in Mexico to unpack the apparent contradiction in the role of notaries in economic development. I use a combination of interviews with notaries and clients, and data on notarial practice and bureaucratic outcomes across the country, to examine notaries' social function. The theoretical lens of endogenous development and institutional functionalism reveals an alternate explanation for their seemingly high-cost services, as well as their role in economic development. Mexican notaries have a dual social function: public representative and private service provider. They perform diverse and essential activities, which in other countries are performed by multiple actors such as real estate agents, escrow offices and title insurance companies. Thus, what is perceived as inefficiency by some can be interpreted as an efficient response to the context in which they operate, and their semi-privatized nature can overcome problems found in other bureaucratic arrangements.

  19. Are civil-law notaries rent-seeking monopolists or essential market intermediaries? Endogenous development of a property rights institution in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monkkonen, Paavo

    2017-01-01

    As the fourth contribution in the ‘Land’ section, this paper forms a research ‘diptych’ with the next paper by Levy. Whereas she focuses on the notarial institution in mid-nineteenth century Mexico, this contribution examines it in a contemporary context. The notary is one of the chief components of property rights protection in civil-law systems, performing various public functions such as writing deeds for real estate property. Yet notaries are considered an ‘inefficient’ institution by many, due to the perception of rent-seeking behavior enabled by their near-monopoly over validating property rights claims. This study examines notaries in Mexico to unpack the apparent contradiction in the role of notaries in economic development. I use a combination of interviews with notaries and clients, and data on notarial practice and bureaucratic outcomes across the country, to examine notaries’ social function. The theoretical lens of endogenous development and institutional functionalism reveals an alternate explanation for their seemingly high-cost services, as well as their role in economic development. Mexican notaries have a dual social function: public representative and private service provider. They perform diverse and essential activities, which in other countries are performed by multiple actors such as real estate agents, escrow offices and title insurance companies. Thus, what is perceived as inefficiency by some can be interpreted as an efficient response to the context in which they operate, and their semi-privatized nature can overcome problems found in other bureaucratic arrangements. PMID:28615798

  20. Electrotechnique les enroulements des machines électriques, différents types, spécificités, conception, placement

    CERN Document Server

    Abdessemed, Rachid

    2012-01-01

    L'ouvrage est une présentation détaillée des différents types d'enroulement des machines électriques (tournantes et transformateurs), explicitant leurs domaines d'utilisation, leurs avantages et inconvénients respectifs ainsi que leurs spécificités. Ce panorama est accompagné d'une méthode généralisée de conception. Il est complété par l'exposé des méthodes de mise en encoches manuelles et automatisées qui leurs sont associées. Le document est élaboré avec un minimum de texte au profit d'une illustration évolutive permettant une assimilation efficace. Les enroulements sont représentés sous une forme originale, simple et aisément assimilable. Le livre est principalement destiné aux étudiants du domaine électrotechnique intéressés par la conception et la fiabilité des machines électriques. Par son caractère didactique et son accessibilité aux élèves des écoles techniques, il sera également d'une grande utilité pour un large public professionnel allant du technicien à l'in...

  1. Étude par la méthode de Monte Carlo de la phase plastique de la quinuclidine à différentes températures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumeau, Daniel; André, Daniel

    La phase plastique (c.f.c.) de la quinuclidine est étudiée à différentes températures par la méthode de Monte Carlo utilisant la technique des matrices de compatibilité. Afin de ne pas modifier la symétrie moyenne du réseau, les centres de masse de molécules sont supposés fixes. Les orientations moléculaires sont choisies de façon aléatoire parmi les 48 orientations équivalentes et discernables du groupe c.f.c. Cela permet une mémorisation préalable des énergies d'interaction entre molécules voisines et un gain de temps de calcul considérable. Nous observons alors un blocage des réorientations moléculaires à basse température, tandis que la symétrie cristalline devient monoclinique. Ceci est interprété en termes de transition de phase dont la température (215 K) et la variation d'énergie (5 kJ mol-1) sont très proches des valeurs expérimentales.

  2. Comment fournir des soins infirmiers de qualité aux personnes migrantes de culture différente ?: une revue de littérature étoffée

    OpenAIRE

    Conus, Emilie; Niggli, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Cette revue de littérature étoffée s’insère dans une problématique traitant du contexte migratoire actuel et des répercussions que cela a sur les soins infirmiers. En effet, elle porte sur les compétences infirmières lors de la prise en charge des patients migrants issus de culture différente.

  3. RENT Gross Rent for Renter Occupied Units NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  4. RENT Aggregate and Mean and Median Gross Rent NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  5. RENT Gross Rent for Renter Occupied Units NMHD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  6. L’origine de l’emploi de la forme analogique grande : concordance de genre ou identification du référent ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xia Haoyu Irene

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de la présente étude est de déterminer les raisons pour lesquelles un auteur du XVIe siècle aurait choisi la nouvelle forme analogique grande plutôt que la forme épicène grand. L’étude est basée sur un corpus de 1341 occurrences de cet adjectif au féminin dans 17 textes de cinq auteurs. L’hypothèse de l’identification du référent propose qu’un auteur aurait choisi cette forme pour indiquer clairement qu’elle modifie un substantif féminin et assurer ainsi le lien entre l’adjectif et le substantif. L’hypothèse de la concordance de genre propose que l’auteur aurait choisi grande pour faire accorder l’adjectif aux autres éléments féminins dans le syntagme nominal. Les résultats ont partiellement validé les deux hypothèses. La forme grande est favorisée quand elle ne précède pas immédiatement le substantif féminin qu’elle qualifie et quand un substantif masculin intervient entre le substantif féminin et grande. La forme analogique est aussi favorisée fortement par un déterminant féminin en -e et plus légèrement par la, mais pas par d’autres déterminants féminins. Nous avons trouvé en plus un résultat inattendu. La variante analogique est favorisée fortement quand elle modifie un substantif avec un plus grand nombre de syllabes et défavorisée par un substantif plus court.

  7. Energy conservation in rented buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klingberg, T.; Broechner, J.; Forsman, J.; Gaunt, L.; Holgersson, M.

    1984-08-01

    The bulletin is an anthology of nine essays by different authors addressing the issue of energy conservation in buildings, where there exists a landlord/tenant relationship. After an overview of the rental market and the stock of rental buildings different types of rental contracts and energy charges are described.

  8. Consorciação taro e crotalária manejada com corte rente ao solo e poda na altura do dossel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Puiatti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A associação de culturas com leguminosas de adubação verde visa à manutenção ou melhorias da fertilidade do solo. Com o objetivo de avaliar a consorciação do taro 'Japonês' com crotalária, foram conduzidos dois experimentos, em Viçosa, MG, no período de 10/09/2010 a 10/06/2011. No Experimento I, as plantas de crotalária foram cortadas rente ao solo e, no Experimento II, podadas à altura do dossel do taro; em ambos, os tratamentos consistiram em seis épocas de corte ou poda da crotalária (75; 105; 135; 165; 195 e 225 dias após a semeadura da crotalária - DAS, mais a monocultura do taro. As partes cortadas ou podadas foram depositadas sobre o solo e determinaram-se as quantidades de fitomassa e de nutrientes da crotalária. Na colheita do taro, avaliaram-se a produção de classes de rizomas e as alterações químicas do solo. Os cortes realizados após 105 DAS proporcionaram menor produção em massa de rizomas-mães e, em número, por planta, de rizomas-filhos grandes e comerciais, em comparação com os do controle. Comportamento semelhante foi observado para experimento com poda à altura do dossel. Os cortes ou podas realizados aos 135 e 165 DAS foram os que apresentaram maiores quantidades de fitomassas fresca e seca de crotalária, de carbono orgânico e de nutrientes. Aos 165 DAS, o aporte de N ao solo pela crotalária cortada chegou a 308 Kg ha-1 e, pela crotalária podada, a 202 kg ha-1. A associação entre crotalária e taro é viável, sendo indicada a manutenção da consorciação até aos 105 DAS da crotalária.

  9. O regime brasileiro de tributação de lucros auferidos por sociedades controladas e coligadas no exterior: uma visão do atual regime por meio da ótica da teoria do rent seeking

    OpenAIRE

    Hirata, Dalton Yoshio

    2012-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar, pela ótica da teoria do rent seeking, a evolução da legislação e da jurisprudência administrativa e judicial acerca do regime da tributação dos lucros, ganhos de capital e rendimentos auferidos por sociedades controladas e coligadas no exterior. Observar-se-á a hipótese da legislação e das suas diversas interpretações refletirem interesses predominantemente de apropriação de renda, tanto por parte da Administração Pública quanto dos agentes priva...

  10. Les conseils des cliniciens canadiens en matière de commotion dans le sport sont-ils cohérents?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, James D.; Rendely, Alexandra; Garel, Alisha; Meaney, Christopher; Stoller, Jacqueline; Kaicker, Jatin; Hayden, Leigh; Moineddin, Rahim; Frémont, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Comparer les connaissances et l’utilisation des recommandations concernant la prise en charge de la commotion dans le sport (CDS) démontrées par les spécialistes de la médecine du sport et de l’exercice (SMSE) et les urgentologues afin d’évaluer la réussite du transfert des connaissances sur la CDS au Canada. Conception Un sondage à choix multiples envoyé par courriel et autoadministré par des SMSE et des urgentologues. La validité du contenu du sondage a fait l’objet d’une évaluation. Contexte Canada. Participants Le sondage a été complété entre mai et juillet 2012 par des SMSE qui ont réussi l’examen menant au diplôme de l’Académie canadienne de la médecine du sport et de l’exercice et des urgentologues qui n’avaient pas ce diplôme. Principaux paramètres à l’étude La connaissance et l’identification des sources d’information sur la prise en charge des commotions, l’utilisation des stratégies de diagnostic de la commotion et l’utilisation d’une terminologie courante et cohérente dans l’explication des stratégies de repos aux patients après une CDS. Résultats Le taux de réponse était de 28 % (305 sur 1085). Les taux de réponse par les SMSE et les urgentologues se situaient respectivement à 41 % (147 sur 360) et 22 % (158 sur 725). Parmi les répondants, 41 % des urgentologues et 3 % des SMSE n’étaient pas au courant de l’existence de déclarations consensuelles sur la commotion dans le sport; 74 % des SMSE utilisaient « habituellement ou toujours » la version 2 de l’Outil d’évaluation de la commotion dans le sport (SCAT2), tandis que 88 % des urgentologues n’utilisaient jamais le SCAT2. Aucune réponse uniforme n’a été documentée à la question visant à connaître les meilleurs modes de repos cognitif. Conclusion Nous avons cerné des différences et un manque d’uniformité chez les SMSE et les urgentologues dans la mise en application des recommandations

  11. Foundations of a Marxist Theory of the Political Economy of Information: Trade Secrets and Intellectual Property, and the Production of Relative Surplus Value and the Extraction of Rent-Tribute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakob Rigi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to sketch a preliminary outline of a Marxist theory of the political economy of information. It defines information as a symbolic form that can be digitally copied. This definition is purely formal and disregards epistemological, ideological, and functional aspects. The article argues that the value of information defined in this sense tends to zero and therefore the price of information is rent. However, information plays a central role in the production of relative surplus value on the one hand, and the distribution of the total social surplus value in forms of surplus profits and rents, on the other. Thus, the hegemony of information technologies in contemporary productive forces has not made Marx’s theory of value irrelevant. On the contrary, the political economy of information can only be understood in the light of this theory. The article demonstrates that the capitalist production and distribution of surplus value at the global level forms the foundation of the political economy of information.

  12. Développement humain, développement durable et « pays en développement » : comment articuler et mesurer les différentes dimensions ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Boidin

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article cherche à préciser la place qu’occupent les différentes dimensions du développement durable au sein de l’analyse économique du développement, et en particulier les dimensions humaine et sociale. Ceci nous amène à considérer les relations complexes entre les différents actifs (santé, éducation, capital social…, marquées par des effets d’irréversibilité qui peuvent remettre en cause la durabilité. Se pose alors la question de la mesure du développement durable prenant en compte ces articulations entre les dimensions. Une grille d’évaluation des mesures synthétiques du développement durable est proposée et appliquée à une sélection d’indicateurs.This article seeks to specify the place of various dimensions of sustainable development within development economics, in particular human and social dimensions. This leads us to consider the complex relations between the various assets (health, education, social capital…, characterized by irreversibility effects which can jeopardize sustainability. It is therefore necessary to find a measure of sustainable development, taking into account these interactions between dimensions. We propose criteria to evaluate synthetic measurements of sustainable development, and apply them to selected indicators.

  13. Integrating Data of Different Types and Different Supports into Reservoir Models Construction de modèles de réservoir contraints par des données de natures différentes et caractéristiques d’échelles différentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Ravalec M.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we focus on the joint integration of production and 4-D inverted seismic data into reservoir models. These data correspond to different types and different scales. Therefore, we developed two-scale simulation workflows making it possible to incorporate data at the right scale. This issue also emphasized the need for adapting traditional history-matching methodologies. For instance, the formulation of the objective function and the development of customized parameterization techniques turned out to be two key factors controlling the efficiency of the matching process. Two application examples are presented. The first one is a small-size synthetic field case. It aims to build a set of reservoir models respecting either production data only or both production and 4-D seismic-related data. It is shown that the incorporation of 4-D seismic-related data in addition to production data into reservoir models contributes to reduce the uncertainty in production forecasts. The second example is a field in the North Sea offshore Norway operated by Statoil. It stresses difficulties in conditioning reservoir models to both real production and 4-D inverted seismic data among the very large number of uncertain parameters to handle and the comparison of real noisy data with numerical responses. Cet article présente une méthodologie permettant d’élaborer des modèles de réservoir contraints à la fois par des données de production et des attributs sismiques 4-D. Ces données sont de natures très différentes et caractérisent des échelles tout aussi différentes. Leur intégration à l’échelle appropriée dans des modèles de réservoir a nécessité le développement d’une chaîne de simulation faisant intervenir deux échelles, ce qui nous a amené à adapter les techniques classiques de calage d’historique. Par exemple, il s’est avéré important de revoir la formulation de la fonction objectif pour mieux quantifier l

  14. Caractérisation des différents types de fibres musculaires dans plusieurs espèces : production et utilisation d'anticorps monoclonaux dirigés contre les chaînes lourdes de myosine rapide IIa et IIb

    OpenAIRE

    Société Biocytex; Picard, Brigitte; Lefaucheur, Louis; Fauconneau, Benoit; Rémignon, Hervé; Cherel, Yan; Barrey, Eric; Nédelec, J.

    1998-01-01

    Des anticorps monoclonaux dirigés contre les chaînes lourdes de myosine (MHC : myosin heavy chain) de différentes espèces d’animaux : bovin, porc, poisson, poulet, dinde, cheval ont été produits. Ils ont été testés par immunohistologie sur des coupes de muscle squelettique chez le bovin, le porc, le poisson, le poulet et la dinde et par ELISA chez le cheval. Les différents anticorps retenus dans ce projet permettent de nouvelles applications pour l’étude du muscle squelettique. En particulier...

  15. Etude de la dynamique en régimes quasiharmonique et anharmonique de la phase basse température de la triéthylènediamine par diffusion cohérente inélastique des neutrons

    OpenAIRE

    Hedoux , A.; Sauvajol , J.L.; More , M.

    1988-01-01

    La triéthylènediamine N(CH2CH2)3N cristallise jusqu'à Tc = 351 K dans une phase solide ordonnée de symétrie hexagonale compacte. Les expériences de diffusion cohérente inélastique des neutrons réalisées dans la phase basse température s'inscrivent dans le cadre de l'étude du processus de la transition martensitique à Tc à partir de l'évolution avec la température des paramètres dynamiques. Ainsi les courbes de dispersion ont été déterminées à 190 K, 245 K et 295 K. Les mesures effectuées à te...

  16. 基于BT与REITs的公共租赁房项目融资模式——BTR%BTR: A Project Financing Model of Low-renting Public Housing Base on BT and REITs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘方强; 李世蓉

    2011-01-01

    针对REITs的经营模式都是收购已有地产并出租的特点,提出公租房项目融资新模式-BTR模式(即BT+REITs模式).对这种项目融资模式的产生背景及运作程序进行详细分析,并对使用该模式进行项目融资的优缺点、使用中应注意的问题进行讨论.%According to the characteristic of operation mode of REITs, which is purchase and rental of real estate,this paper puts forward the new mode of project finance-BTR ( namely BT+REITs ) for low-renting public housing construction. This paper analyses the background and the operation procedures of this mode in detail, discusses its advantages and disvantages in use.

  17. EVALUATION DE L’IMPACT ENVIRONNEMENTAL : Evaluation des impacts du flux de transgènes de tolérance à différents herbicides à large spectre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astoin Marie-Florence

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte est tiré du rapport « Introduction de variétés génétiquement modifiées de colza tolérantes à différents herbicides : évaluation des impacts agro-environnementaux et propositions de scénarios de gestion » établi par le Cetiom dans le cadre du moratoire sur les variétés génétiquement modifiées de colza. Les auteurs se réservent la possibilité d’ici publication définitive du rapport d’apporter des modifications à ce texte.

  18. A Review of Approaches for the Design of Li-Ion BMS Estimation Functions Revue de différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge de batteries Li-ion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Di Domenico D.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at comparing different approaches for the estimation of the state of charge of lithium-ion batteries. The main advantages as well as the critical points of the considered techniques are analyzed, highlighting the impact of the cell model precision and complexity on the estimator performance. Among others, the electrical equivalent circuit based technique is selected for further development. The results of a complete procedure from the cell characterization to the online estimation are illustrated. The experimental tests based on the data collected on batteries testing facilities of IFP Energies nouvelles show that the proposed strategy allows a satisfying state of charge real time estimation. Cet article vise à comparer différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge pour les batteries Li-ion. Les principaux avantages ainsi que les points critiques des différentes techniques sont analysés, en soulignant l’impact de la complexité et de la précision du modèle sur les performances de l’estimateur. La procédure complète, allant de la caractérisation de la cellule jusqu’à l’estimation en ligne de l’état de charge, est présentée pour la modélisation par circuit électrique équivalent. Les tests expérimentaux sur la base des données acquises au laboratoire batteries d’IFP Energies nouvelles montrent que cette stratégie permet d’obtenir un estimateur en temps réel de l’état de charge présentant de bonnes performances.

  19. Australia modifies resource rent, uranium mining policies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1984-01-01

    Current Australian government business and economic policies as they affect the mining industry are discussed. The distribution of constitutional and taxing powers in Australia between state and commonwealth governments and possible inappropriate taxes and other policies can have an adverse effect on resource development. The effects of these policies on both coal and uranium mining are discussed

  20. Ruutel appeals for compromise on rent ceilings

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel kohtus Kadriorus üüri piirmäärade alase avaliku diskussiooni osapooltega ning kutsus neid otsima kõiki rahuldavat varianti. Presidenti nõustava õigusekspertide komisjoni esindaja professor Arno Allmann tutvustas omandireformi eesmärke ja reformi reguleerivate seaduste koostoimet kehtivas õigusloomes

  1. Interest alignment rents and competitive advantage

    OpenAIRE

    M. ZOLLO; O. GOTTSCHALG

    2007-01-01

    This paper articulates a theory of the conditions under which the alignment between individual and collective interests generates sustainable competitive advantage. The theory is based on the influence of tacitness, context specificity, and causal ambiguity in the determinants of different types of motivation (extrinsic, normative intrinsic, and hedonic instinsic) under varying conditions of environmental dynamism. The analysis indicates the need to consider motivational processes as a comple...

  2. Perancangan Corporate Identity Astro Rent Car Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Gunardi, Yohanes Calvin; Negara, I Nengah Sudika; Aryanto, Hendro

    2017-01-01

    Corporate Identity merupakan hal yang krusial dalam perkembangan sebuah Perusahaan dalam segi internal maupun eksternal. Dalam membuat perancangan Corporate identity yang efektif, perancangan ini menampilkan segala teori dan ilmu yang berhubungan dengan Corporate identity. Dengan adanya perancangan ini diharapkan para pembaca mengerti betapa pentingnya peran sebuah corporate identity yang tepat dan mengena.Kata kunci: corporate identity, Astro, logo.

  3. 24 CFR 884.109 - Rent adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES... will be determined by HUD at least annually; interim revisions may be made as market conditions warrant...

  4. Rent vand i 150 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arvin, Erik

    2003-01-01

    Vandforsyningen i Odense har været en succes siden begyndelsen i 1853. Ny gælder det om at fastholde landvindingerne, og det bør bl.a. ske ved at bevare det fynske selveje i stedet for at kaste sig i armene på en storkoncern.......Vandforsyningen i Odense har været en succes siden begyndelsen i 1853. Ny gælder det om at fastholde landvindingerne, og det bør bl.a. ske ved at bevare det fynske selveje i stedet for at kaste sig i armene på en storkoncern....

  5. Rent seeking with efforts and bids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haan, Marco; Schoonbeek, Lambert

    2001-01-01

    Abstract We analyse the development of world records speed skating from 1893 to 2000 for both men and women. The historical data show that it is likely that the relation between skating speed and distance of the various events is non-linear and converges to a limit value. We pay special attention to

  6. Development and evaluation of a training workshop for lay health promoters to implement a community-based intervention program in a public low rent housing estate: The Learning Families Project in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Agnes Y; Stewart, Sunita M; Wan, Alice; Fok, Helen; Lai, Hebe Y W; Lam, Tai-Hing; Chan, Sophia S

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents the development and evaluation of the train-the-trainer (TTT) workshop for lay resident leaders to be lay health promoters. The TTT workshop aimed to prepare the trainees to implement and/or assist in conducting a series of community-based family well-being activities for the residents in a public low rent housing estate, entitled "Learning Families Project", under the FAMILY project. The four-hour TTT workshop was conducted for 32 trainees (72% women, 43% aged ≥ 60, 41% ≤ elementary school education). The workshop aimed to promote trainees' knowledge, self-efficacy, attitude and practice of incorporating the positive psychology themes into their community activities and engaging the residents to join these activities and learn with their family members. Post-training support was provided. The effectiveness of the TTT was examined by self-administered questionnaires about trainees' reactions to training content, changes in learning and practice at three time points (baseline, and immediately and one year after training), and the difference in residents' survey results before and after participating in the community activities delivered by the trainees. The trainees' learning about the general concepts of family well-being, learning family, leadership skills and planning skills increased significantly with medium to large effect sizes (Cohen's d: 0.5-1.4) immediately after the training. The effects of perceived knowledge and attitude towards practice were sustained to one year (Cohen's d: 0.4-0.6). The application of planning skills to implement community activities was higher at one year (Cohen's d: 0.4), compared with baseline. At one year, the residents' survey results showed significant increases in the practice of positive communication behaviours and better neighbour cohesions after joining the family well-being activities of LFP. Qualitative feedback supported the quantitative results. Our TTT workshop could serve as a practical

  7. Material influence on biocontamination level and adhering cell physiology Influence des matériaux sur le niveau de biocontamination et la physiologie des cellules adhérentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allion Audrey

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans la plupart des environnements, les microorganismes vivent préférentiellement au sein de biofilms. De nombreux facteurs influencent leur formation i.e. les nutriments, la température, le régime du fluide environnent, la microflore et les matériaux. Dans le mécanisme de biocontamination, décrit en quatre étapes successives, l'adhésion initiale est un élément clé de la bioadhésion et les matériaux un élément majeur pour son contrôle. L'acier inoxydable est très utilisé dans de nombreux secteurs d'activité pour sa bonne nettoyabilité et son excellente résistance à la corrosion. Pour se différencier, certains matériaux mettent en avant d'autres propriétés. Ainsi, la sélection du matériau le mieux adapté à un problème donné nécessite de connaitre son aptitude à la biocontamination ainsi que son impact sur la physiologie des microorganismes. Pour tous les matériaux testés, la mortalité des bactéries adhérentes est inférieure à 55 %. Les résultats obtenus ont montré qu'un matériau dit antimicrobien n'induit pas plus de cellules endommagées comparativement aux autres matériaux. In most environments, association with a surface in a structure known as a biofilm is the prevailing microbial lifestyle. Several factors may influence the biofilm formation e.g. nutrients, temperature, flow velocity, initial microflora and the nature of materials. Considering the biocontamination mechanism described in four steps, the initial adhesion is a key element in the biocontamination phenomenon and the substratum is of major concern in controlling bacterial adhesion. Stainless steel is well used in numerous markets because of its high cleanability and corrosion resistance properties. However, other materials are put forward by focusing on properties which differentiate them from those of stainless steel. Thereby, to select the material best suited to the problem, there should have data on their aptitude for

  8. Studies of in Situ Pore Pressure Fluctuations At Various Scales Études des fluctuations in situ de la pression de pore à différentes échelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kümpel H. J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Pore pressure fluctuations in fluid saturated geological formations, either of natural or anthropogenic origin, can be observed at different scales. Natural fluctuations, e. g. , due to tidal, barometric or seismogenic forcing, or man-made effects as through use of underground fluid reservoirs, or initial filling and cyclic loading of lake reservoirs may have wavelengths from meters to kilometers. In situ monitoring of processes, in which both rock deformation and pore pressure changes are significant, improves our knowledge on the mechanical behaviour and the role of pore pressure in porous rocks and sedimentary layers. Pressure transducers for continuous recording of fluid level variations in wells, reflecting pore pressure changes at depth, or borehole tiltmeters that are sensitive to ground deformation caused by gradients of pore pressure fluctuations are relatively simple means to trace the dynamics of such rock-fluid interactions. The obtained data series are usually interpreted in two ways: by application of analytical solutions-adopting homogeneous poroelastic conditions or single fracture models in a uniform, elastic medium-and by simulation through numerical calculations allowing for some heterogeneity in the model volume. Field cases presented in this article include tilt measurements in the vicinity of pumped wells (1 to 100 m scale, fluid level monitoring in wells (borehole scale, and studies of pore pressure effects induced by seismic events (1 to 100 km scale. Specific rock parameters that can be constrained are the Skempton ratio, the hydraulic diffusivity, and the type of the effective rheology. In cases of tiltmeter studies, anisotropy of pore fluid flow can also be detected. Keywords: fluids in rocks, pore pressure, poroelasticity, hydrology. Les fluctuations de la pression de pore dans les formations géologiques saturées en fluides, d'origine naturelle ou anthropogéniques, peuvent être observées à différentes

  9. Optimization of Gas Turbine Cogeneration Systemfor Various Heat Exchanger Configurations Optimisation des systèmes de turbine à combustion en cogénération pour différentes configurations des échangeurs de chaleur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costea M.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper investigates and compares the performance of three configurations of Gas Turbine systems allowing cogeneration of heat and electricity, on the basis of an irreversible regenerative Brayton-Joule cycle. The proposed model is developed for two different cycle constraints, namely, an imposed heat transfer rate released by the fuel combustion, or an imposed maximum cycle temperature. The model also includes the irreversibility due to the friction in the compressor and turbine, and due to the heat losses in the combustion chamber and heat exchangers. Energy efficiency for the system without and with cogeneration, and the exergetic efficiency are used in order to emphasize the cogeneration advantages, but also to help the designer to choose the best configuration of the Gas Turbine system that suits to his needs. Experimental data from a real operating microturbine were used to validate the model. The power output and the energy and exergetic efficiencies are optimized with respect to a set of operating parameters. The optimum values of the Gas Turbine engine parameters corresponding to maximum power output and respectively to maximum thermodynamic efficiency are discussed. The results show same optimal values of the compression ratio corresponding to almost all maximum performances for an imposed heat transfer rate released by the fuel combustion, excepting the maximum exergetic efficiency that requires higher optimal values of the compression ratio than the maximum exergy rate one. A performance comparison of the three configurations is done and future perspectives of the work are proposed. Cet article explore et compare les performances des trois configurations de systèmes de turbine à combustion permettant la production combinée de chaleur et d’électricité, sur la base du cycle irréversible régénératif de Brayton-Joule. Le modèle proposé est développé pour deux contraintes différentes sur le cycle, notamment le

  10. Étude théorique et expérimentale de superpositions quantiques cohérentes et d'états intriqués non-gaussiens de la lumière

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ourjoumtsev, A.

    avons ainsi préparé des impulsions lumineuses ultrabrèves dans des états "chat de Schrödinger" (superpositions quantiques d'états cohérents). Le champ électromagnétique de l'onde lumineuse n'est alors plus décrit par une distribution statistique classique, mais par une fonction de Wigner prenant des valeurs négatives. Grâce à une reconstruction par tomographie homodyne, nous avons réalisé la première observation expérimentale de cette négativité pour de petits "chatons de Schrödinger" en propagation libre. Nous avons ensuite développé et démontré expérimentalement un protocole permettant de préparer des "chats de Schrödinger" optiques de taille arbitraire et d'ouvrir la voie vers de multiples applications en information quantique. Nous avons également montré que la soustraction conditionnelle de photons permettait d'augmenter l'intrication d'états gaussiens. Avec cette approche, nous avons intriqué deux impulsions séparées et indépendantes, en utilisant un canal quantique de fortes pertes. On peut ainsi préparer, entre deux sites éloignés, des états fortement intriqués à fonction de Wigner négative, élément essentiel pour la distillation d'intrication et les communications quantiques à grande distance.

  11. Ekphrasis : au lieu de décrire ce qu’ils voyaient, ils réalisèrent ce qui était décrit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Vanessa Lucena

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution s’insère dans le domaine des recherches actuelles en didactique des arts visuels mettant en évidence les pratiques de la réception des œuvres. Elle rend compte d’un projet d’apprentissage artistique prenant comme matière la collection René et Madeleine Junod et pratiquée durant quatre mois de leçons hebdomadaires dans deux classes de 7e maturité d’une école publique de la ville de La Chaux-de-Fonds en Suisse. Le projet a été vécu en trois parties : un exercice d’ekphrasis et de reproduction par la méthode de la grille de copie en salle de classe, une série de « jeux de stimulation de l’observation » pendant une visite au musée, complétée par les activités de dessin et coloriage à la maison et en salle de classe. Cet article est centré sur le premier exercice de « l’ekphrasis » où il a été proposé aux élèves la description de quatre tableaux de styles, thèmes et artistes différents. Chaque descriptif posait des contraintes en termes de composition des images et d’interprétation d’un vocabulaire spécifique aux arts visuels. Ekphrasis: Instead of describing what they were seeing, they created what was described This contribution goes into the domain of current research in Visual Arts didactics putting in evidence the methods of the “réception d’œuvre”. It reports an artistic learning project based on René and Madeleine Junod’s collection and practiced during four month of weekly Visual Arts lessons in two 7th grade classes of a public school in the city of La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. The project was built in three parts: an “ekphrasis” activity, which implies describing by words a few paintings of the collection, then copying them using the “grille de copie” method; a few “games of observation skills stimulation” during the visit of a museum, then reinforced and completed by the “painting and drawing activities” at home and in the classroom. This

  12. Sto ročníků Českého lidu v osobách a poselstvích vedoucích redaktorů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Woitsch, Jiří

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 100, č. 1 (2013), s. 63-98 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : the journal Český lid * history of regional history * history of science * academic writing Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology Impact factor: 0.094, year: 2012

  13. Grafiskais redaktors „TUX PAINT” kā līdzeklis 3 –gadīgu bērnu saskarsmes veicināšanā

    OpenAIRE

    Bērziņa, Gita

    2008-01-01

    Gitas Eglītes pētījumā tiek analizēta 3 gadīgu bērnu saskarsmes prasmju veicināšana ar grafiskā redaktora „Tux Paint” palīdzību. Pētījuma teorētiskajā daļā, pamatojoties uz J.Kupča, D.Lieģenieces, R.Andersones, S.Omārovas, G.Cukermanes un citu teorētiķu atziņām, autore analizē saskarsmes un saskarsmes prasmju jēdzienu, tās veidošanos ar grafiskā redaktora „Tux Paint” palīdzību. Pētījuma empīriskajā daļā autore analizē 3 gadīgu bērnu saskarsmes prasmju veicinošos faktorus konkrētā kultūr...

  14. De la concertation territoriale à l'expérimentation en plein champs, différents leviers pour accompagner les acteurs d'un territoire agricole à façonner des paysages durablement favorables à des productions oléagineuses et des productions de miel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gourrat Marine

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Les interactions entre les abeilles et leur milieu sont multiples, complexes, incomprises pour certaines et parfois même controversées. Cette complexité se répercute parfois dans les échanges entre les acteurs liés de près ou de loin à ces insectes pollinisateurs qui évoluent sur un même territoire. Dans ce contexte, l'institut technique et scientifique de l'apiculture et de la pollinisation (ITSAP–Institut de l'abeille, après avoir fait le constat qu'apiculteurs et agriculteurs ne partagent pas toujours la même perception de leur territoire, travaille depuis quelques années à accompagner ces acteurs dans la construction de leviers favorables au maintien durable de ces différentes activités agricoles sur leur territoire. Nous illustrerons cette dynamique à travers différents formats d'actions : l'échange de connaissances dans des ateliers de concertation sous forme de jeu de rôles et l'acquisition et le partage de références dans une expérimentation en plein champs.

  15. Rent Seeking, Institution Reform and Corporate Value:Evidence from“Eight Rules and Six Bans”%寻租、制度变革与公司价值--基于“八项规定六项禁令”的实证检验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜恩点

    2016-01-01

    Based on trading fees and institutional change theory, this paper uses the publication of“Eight Rules and Six Bans”as an exogenous event and deeply examines the effect of rent-seeking behavior on corporate value at corporate micro level. Then it further discusses the effects of property rights and regulation behavior on the relationship between rent-seeking behavior and corporate value in China as an emerging market. It empirically finds that after the announcement of “Eight Rules and Six Bans”, there are significantly positive returns in the market as a whole. In addition, more rent-seeking behavior before the announcement of“Eight Rules and Six Bans” leads to the more significant role of “Eight Rules and Six Bans” in the increase in corporate value. Further analysis shows that the increase in corporate value in private companies is more significant, and the one in state-owned companies is not significant; the increase in corporate value in regulated industries is more significant and the one in non-regulated industries is not obvious. It indicates that rent-seeking behavior harms corporate value, especially in private companies and companies in regulated industries. Institution reform can help to reduce rent seeking and trading fees, and improve corporate value and thereby economic development. It is of great guidance significance to further deepening the reform and the understanding of the role of institutions and their changes.%文章基于交易费用和制度变迁理论,利用“八项规定六项禁令”公布这一外生事件,从公司微观层面深入研究寻租行为对公司价值的影响,并进一步讨论在中国新兴市场中寻租行为和公司价值之间的关系如何受到不同产权性质和管制行为的影响。文章实证发现,当“八项规定六项禁令”公布后,市场整体存在显著正的收益。企业“八项规定六项禁令”公布之前的寻租活动越多,“八项规定六项禁

  16. Conflit armé en Colombie : différentes ressources, différents conflits ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Nouveau webinaire IWRA/CRDI sur les changements climatiques et la gestion adaptive de l'eau. L'Association internationale de ressources en eau (IWRA), en étroite collaboration avec le CRDI, organise un webinaire intitulé "Changements climatiques et gestion adaptive de l'eau: des... Voir davantageNouveau webinaire ...

  17. RENT Percent Units by Gross Rent for Renter Occ Units NMHD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  18. L'évolution du suivi du risque de liquidité à partir de la loi UCITS III, à travers les différentes réglementations et l'importance des stress tests y associés

    OpenAIRE

    Allard, Joris

    2017-01-01

    La crise financière de 2008 a montré l’importance d’une gestion adéquate des différents risques auxquels font face les institutions financières. Bien que la liquidité soit un facteur déterminant dans le paysage de la gestion du risque, ce type de risque a été quelque peu « mis de côté » par la plupart de ces institutions. Certaines réglementations, dont UCITS IV, ont donc vu le jour afin d’obliger l’industrie des fonds de placement à développer un modèle plus avancé pour pouvoir mesurer de fa...

  19. Kohärente Teilchenproduktion in Dreijetereignissen der $e^+e^--$Annihilation Eine Untersuchung der Multiplizität in Quark-Gluon-Ensembles und eine präzise Bestimmung von $C_A/C_F$ mit Daten des DELPHI-Experimentes

    CERN Document Server

    Siebel, Martin

    2003-01-01

    Die kohärente Teilchenproduktion in hadronischen Z-Zerfällen mit drei Jets im Endzustand wird anhand von mit dem DELPHI-Experiment in den Jahren 1992-1995 aufgenommenen Daten untersucht. Die unter großem Winkel zur Ereignisebene gemessene Multiplizität ist in guter Übereinstimmung mit einer Vorhersage in führender Ordnung. Es wird gezeigt, dass zur Beschreibung der Daten ein negativer Interferenzterm notwendig ist. Ein Skalieren der Impulsverteilungen der unter großem Winkel produzierten Teilchen wird für Impulse unter ca. 1GeV beobachtet, wodurch die lokale Parton-Hadron Dualitätshypothese (LPHD) bestätigt wird. Es wird eine gute Beschreibung der in Dreijetereignissen gemessenen Gesamtmultiplizität durch eine MLLA-Vorhersage beobachtet. Eine Parameteranpassung der Vorhersage an die Daten ergibt das Farbfaktorverhältnis CA/CF = 2.261 ± 0.014(stat.) ± 0.036(syst.) ± 0.052(theor.) ± 0.041(clus.), welches die bislang präziseste Messung dieses Wertes darstellt. Das Verhältnis der Gluon- zur Quar...

  20. Profit, rent, patrimony, and risk on the large landed estates in southern Portugal toward the end of the nineteenth century Lucro, renda, património e risco nos grandes domínios fundiários do sul de Portugal nos finais do século xix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Novais

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the economic rationality of large landed estates in the Iberian Peninsula. It assumes these estates submit to a rational land use, that is sensitive to economic change. Its goal is to discuss the main criteria for economic management of landed estates in Southern Portugal during the last decades of the nineteenth century: namely profit, risk, rent, and patrimony. A multiple-criteria programming model, farming economic accounts, and compared analysis are used in developing a case study. The article concludes for a patrimonial logic within which a policy for compromise between income and risk was followed.Este estudo discute a racionalidade económica dos grandes domínios fundiários da Península Ibérica. Assume-se que a exploração agrícola destas terras se baseia em critérios de racionalidade económica, sensíveis às transformações económicas. Pretende identificar os principais critérios presentes na gestão dos grandes domínios fundiários do Sul de Portugal, nos últimos decénios do século xix: lucro, renda, risco e património. A discussão parte do estudo da Casa de Ficalho, e apoia-se num modelo de programação multi-critério, na contabilidade dos domínios, e numa análise comparativa. Conclui-se que esta racionalidade se alicerça num compromisso entre a maximização do rendimento e a minimização do risco económico, dentro de uma lógica patrimonial.

  1. 25 CFR 227.17 - Rates of rents and royalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF CERTAIN LANDS... same gravity, and gas, and/or natural gasoline, and/or all other hydrocarbon substances produced and... be required by the lessor. The lessee shall not be required to hold such royalty oil in storage...

  2. Do I Buy? Rent? Or Make My Own?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawin, Philip, Jr.; Hartz, Roger

    1977-01-01

    Selection of and search for appropriate instructional materials should begin while writing instructional objectives during the curriculum planning process. A five-phase system to help the teacher make selection decisions, in consultation with the school media specialist, is presented. (MF)

  3. Climate policies between carbon prices, oil rents and urban dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Waisman, H.

    2012-01-01

    This thesis investigates the effects of constraints imposed on economic interactions by limitations due to natural resources, among which oil and urban land play a crucial role in the context of climate change. These dimensions, often neglected in existing analyses, have an ambiguous effect since they suggest both the risk of enhanced costs if carbon limitations reinforce the sub-optimalities caused by pre-existing constraints, but also, conversely, the possibility of co-benefits if the climate policy helps to correct some pre-existing imperfections of socio-economic trajectories. To investigate this issue, an innovative modeling framework of the energy-economy interactions is elaborated that embarks the specificities of the deployment of oil production capacities and the issues related to the spatial organization in urban areas. We demonstrate that, beyond the carbon price, the costs of climate policy essentially depend on the sequencing of complementary measures, with a crucial role of spatial policy designed to control transport-related emissions through mobility. (author)

  4. 26 CFR 1.856-4 - Rents from real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... similar class (such as luxury apartment buildings) are customarily provided with the service. The... many geographic marketing areas. Where it is customary, in a particular geographic marketing area, to...

  5. Questioning the Patrimonial Issue in Rent-Seeking Debates ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Saharan Africa has focused so much on the so-called patrimonial question. According to scholars who have advanced this argument, African corruption is characterised by the notion of 'neopatrimonialism', which describes a resurgence of ...

  6. Rent Sharing and Gender Discrimination in Collegiate Athletics

    OpenAIRE

    Lackner, Mario; Zulehner, Christine

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the effect of market power on the share of females in top management positions using data from a market in which some firms have market power due to an institutionalized cartel. We investigate collegiate athletics and interpret coaches as top-level managers or chief executive officers (CEOs). The causal link between market power and female employment is established by exploiting the existence of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) as an exogenous shock. Our results sh...

  7. Phenomenological Experiences of the Requesting Mother for Renting Wombs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    حميدرضا صادقي

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Desire to have children is one of the basic human needs. Historically, fertility and child bearing and the number of children have been consideredas asocial value. Of course, in fertility always has been a problem for human beings and they have sought different ways for treat ment. One of the most recent assisted reproductive technologies is surrogacy. In this way, after fertilization of sper mandovum, the embryo is transferred in to the alternative womb for 9 months and after birth, the baby is delivered to the real parents. For this purpose, research erssought to understand the meaning and experience of the phenomen on of surrogacy. This qualitative study was done with a phenomenological approach and based on purposive sampling. So, deep and un structure dinter views were carried out with ten requesting mothers of  surrogacy  who  referred  to Esfahan fertility and in fertility center, and mothers expressed their experiences in this field. The data obtained from these in terviews were analyzed using 7-step Colaizzi, and five main themes were extracted in cluding: "Cause of action",” Relation of requesting mother with Surrogate Mother ", "family", "decision making" and "worries and concerns". The data of this study could provide a better understanding of the experiences of surrogacy requesting mothers.

  8. Corporate hedging under a resource rent tax regime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frestad, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    In addition to the ordinary corporate income tax, special purpose taxes are sometimes levied to extract abnormal profits arising from the use of natural resources. Such dual tax regimes exist in Norway for oil and hydropower, where the corresponding special purpose tax bases are unaffected by any derivatives payments. Dual tax firms with hedging programs therefore face the risk of potentially large discrepancies between the tax bases for corporate income tax and special purpose tax. I investigate how this tax base asymmetry influences the extent of hedging of value-maximizing firms facing hedgeable as well as unhedgeable risk. Dual tax firms facing deadweight costs in low-profit events generally demand less hedging than ordinary firms, but otherwise respond similarly to characteristics of the underlying risk exposures. The special purpose tax does not influence firms' hedge portfolios in the absence of deadweight cost. (author)

  9. Rent dissipation through electricity prices of publicly owned utilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bernard, J-T.; Roland, M.

    1997-01-01

    Pricing policies of Canadian public utilities were examined. It was shown that under the existing set of rules the prices established are frequently below the marginal cost. This appears to be particularly true in the case of provinces that rely principally on hydroelectric resources. Study recommendations to bring electricity prices in line with marginal costs have had little success to date despite overwhelming evidence of large economic losses associated with the current institutional arrangements. This situation remains at the same time that governments apply high tax rates on incomes. By putting together two strands of economic literature, public choice and the theory of public utility pricing, this paper develops a simple model that explains why the median consumer prefers a low electricity price and a high tax rate. Hydro-Quebec survey data is used to confirm that these conditions are satisfied in Quebec. 17 refs., 1 tab

  10. Rent Sharing in Multi-Site Hog Production

    OpenAIRE

    Brian P. Cozzarin; Randall E. Westgren

    2000-01-01

    A firm-level model of three-site hog production is used compare a franchise organizational structure to a three-firm alliance. The results of the simulations imply that the franchise system is better equipped to mitigate underproduction in the nursery and finishing units, the nursery and finishing units lose relatively more profit than they otherwise would in an alliance. The pig-space guatantee does little to offset the financial risk for the nursery and finishing units when underproduction ...

  11. Have You Paid Your Rent? Servant Leadership in Correctional Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alana Jeaniece Simmons

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article makes the case for servant leadership as a model and as a philosophy to guide correctional educationalists on how to interact with their students. This article begins with an introduction to identify the gap in the literature with regards to the relationship between servant leadership and adult and correctional education. It continues with a summary of the 10 characteristics of servant leadership that parallel some of the characteristics that educators exhibit in the prison classroom, and explores how those characteristics impact the student population. We conclude by providing a framework by which further research should explore the link between servant leadership and correctional education in order to enhance classroom practices.

  12. Différentes structures des marqueurs chromosomiques

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    hétérochromatine et d'euchromatine des chromosomes accrocentriques. En 1992, la technique de la CGH puis sa dérivée la "CGHarray µ array comparative genomic Hybridization", techniques basées sur la comparaison entre l'ADN d'un patient avec ...

  13. 26 CFR 1.61-8 - Rents and royalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... royalties. Royalties may be received from books, stories, plays, copyrights, trademarks, formulas, patents... to the lessor in a particular case depends upon the intention of the parties, which may be indicated...

  14. 202 INFLUENCE OF BUILDING COSTS ON RENTS OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    building investments have prompted high rental expectations. ..... and financing and delayed contractor payments as major bane of cost influence in ..... anxiety, tension and panicky emotions they exhibit when searching for accommodation.

  15. Contracts with Rent amt and Utility Allowance amt

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Multifamily Portfolio datasets (section 8 contracts) - The information has been compiled from multiple data sources within FHA or its contractors. HUD oversees more...

  16. Corporate hedging under a resource rent tax regime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frestad, Dennis [Department of Economics and Business Administration, University of Agder, Serviceboks 422, 4604 Kristiansand (Norway)

    2010-03-15

    In addition to the ordinary corporate income tax, special purpose taxes are sometimes levied to extract abnormal profits arising from the use of natural resources. Such dual tax regimes exist in Norway for oil and hydropower, where the corresponding special purpose tax bases are unaffected by any derivatives payments. Dual tax firms with hedging programs therefore face the risk of potentially large discrepancies between the tax bases for corporate income tax and special purpose tax. I investigate how this tax base asymmetry influences the extent of hedging of value-maximizing firms facing hedgeable as well as unhedgeable risk. Dual tax firms facing deadweight costs in low-profit events generally demand less hedging than ordinary firms, but otherwise respond similarly to characteristics of the underlying risk exposures. The special purpose tax does not influence firms' hedge portfolios in the absence of deadweight cost. (author)

  17. L'ADIEU AU RÉFÉRENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François GAUDIN

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Exoplanets, discovered by Mayor and Queloz, have changed our definition of the word planet. Nowadays, nobody can defin precisely this term. Study this exemple shows that the referential sense is neither in words, nor in the head, but in a linguistic use, socially shared and guaranteed by experts.

  18. Violence in Venezuela: oil rent and political crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Briceño-León

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the changes in violence in Venezuela during the last forty years. It links the ups and downs of the oil revenues and the political crisis of the country to the changes in the homicide rates, which increased from 7 per 100 thousand inhabitants in 1970 to 12 in 1990, 19 in 1998 and 50 in 2003. The article characterizes Venezuela as a rentist society and shows its trajectory from rural violence to the beginning of urban violence, the guerilla movements of the 60s, the delinquent violence related to the abundance of oil revenues and the violence during the popular revolt and the sackings of 1989 in Caracas. After this, we analyze the coups d'état of 1992 and the influence the political violence exerted upon criminal violence. We describe the political and party changes in the country, their influence upon the stabilization of homicide rates since the mid-90s and their remarkable increase during the H. Chávez government. The article finishes with an analysis of the current situation, the official prohibition to publish statistics on homicides and with some thoughts about the perspective of greater violence in Venezuela.

  19. Corporate hedging under a resource rent tax regime

    OpenAIRE

    Frestad, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    Accepted version of an article in the journal: Energy Economics. Published version available on Science Direct: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2009.10.009 In addition to the ordinary corporate income tax, special purpose taxes are sometimes levied to extract abnormal profits arising from the use of natural resources. Such dual tax regimes exist in Norway for oil and hydropower, where the corresponding special purpose tax bases are unaffected by any derivatives payments. Dual tax firms w...

  20. Sharing Means Renting?: An Entire-marketplace Analysis of Airbnb

    OpenAIRE

    Ke, Qing

    2017-01-01

    Airbnb, an online marketplace for accommodations, has experienced a staggering growth accompanied by intense debates and scattered regulations around the world. Current discourses, however, are largely focused on opinions rather than empirical evidences. Here, we aim to bridge this gap by presenting the first large-scale measurement study on Airbnb, using a crawled data set containing 2.3 million listings, 1.3 million hosts, and 19.3 million reviews. We measure several key characteristics at ...

  1. Between 'Land Grabs' and Agricultural Investment: Land Rent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The article suggests the need to rectify the gaps in the land transfer contracts and most importantly, the need to render the government a custodian (and not owner) of land in conformity with the FDRE Constitution and to ensure that the termination of land use rights is decided by courts so that executive offices would not ...

  2. A Different Kind of Circularity: From Writing and Reading to Rereading and Rewriting Un genre de circularité différent : de l’écriture et la lecture à la  relecture et la ré-écriture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Rebei

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available La ré-écriture est une pratique ancienne de transformation et composition de textes (par exemple, l’adaptation, l’imitation, la parodie, le plagiat, le commentaire, etc. qui cependant, au cours du siècle dernier, semble avoir emprunté une voie différente en incorporant un certain nombre de points de vue (par exemple politique, social, sexuel, herméneutique, etc. qui débordent des frontières nationales, géographiques et littéraires. En tant que tels, il y a diversité de modes de ré-écritures, comme il y a fluctuations diachroniques des genres de ré-écritures. Dans cet article, je m’attacherai plus particulièrement à la ré-écriture qui découle de la lecture et de la critique et je suggèrerai que, puisque la ré-écriture a le texte pour objet, l’écriture, la lecture et la critique sont des activités liées de diverses manières au texte, et donc à la ré-écriture. Si l’on accepte la validité de la remarque selon laquelle tout texte a deux aspects, selon que l’on en considère la production ou la réception, il s’en suit que l’écriture se trouve du côté de la production alors que la lecture et la critique se trouvent de l’autre côté. La ré-écriture semblerait occuper le milieu du terrain puisqu’elle incorpore ces trois activités et je démontrerai que l’écriture et la critique affectent la ré-écriture et entretiennent avec elle une relation directe, influençant ainsi la littérature elle-même en ré-inventant presque des textes déjà existants.

  3. Multiphase Production. Representation of Thermodynamic Properties of Methanol by Different Equations of State Production polyphasique. Représentation des propriétés thermodynamiques du méthanol à partir de différentes équations d'état

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peneloux A.

    2006-11-01

    éveloppement classiques ; - possibilité de mise en production des réservoirs situés par grandes profondeurs d'eau (avec ou sans pompage polyphasique. Ce concept de production polyphasique a été utilisé jusqu'à présent avec des conditions de transport relativement favorables et pour des effluents dont le comportement ne présentait pas de problème majeur. Son extension à des conditions (hydrauliques et thermiques de transport de plus en plus difficiles d'effluents de plus en plus complexes (émulsions, hydrates, paraffines, asphaltènes, sels, corrosion,. . . nécessite en particulier : - une meilleure compréhension et une bonne maîtrise du comportement thermodynamique de ces effluents c'est-à-dire de mélanges contenant essentiellement de l'eau et des hydrocarbures mais aussi divers sels (eaux de gisement et additifs (anti- hydrates/paraffines/corrosion,. . . ; - une meilleure appréciation de l'efficacité des divers additifs (et des mélanges de ces additifs indispensables à des opérations de production sûres, fiables et économiques. Un des principaux additifs utilisés pour inhiber la formation des hydrates est le méthanol, c'est lui que nous avons spécifiquement étudié ici en essayant de modéliser ses propriétés thermodynamiques. L'ajout de méthanol peut, en effet, dans certaines conditions, éviter la formation d'hydrates qui prennent naissance en présence d'eau à basses températures, et qui, en s'agglomérant sous différents états cristallins (I, II, H, peuvent arriver à boucher totalement les conduites de transport, interrompant la production. Ce risque n'est pas du tout théorique comme l'ont clairement démontré un certain nombre d'expériences récentes (en particulier en mer du Nord. Pour des effluents comportant des quantités importantes d'eau, du H2S et/ou des aromatiques et transportés à hautes pressions/basses températures, les quantités de méthanol à utiliser peuvent devenir très importantes et même, dans certains cas

  4. On Board Hydrogen Generation for Fuel Cell Powered Electric Cars. a Review of Various Available Techniques Production d'hydrogène embarquée pour véhicules électriques à piles. Aperçu de différentes techniques envisageables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prigent M.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Various methods allowing onboard hydrogen generation for fuel cell powered electric cars are reviewed. The following primary fuels are considered : ammonia, methanol, ethanol, and hydrocarbons. The catalytic cracking of ammonia allows generation of a CO2-free mixture containing 75% hydrogen, which is consequently suitable without subsequent purification for the supply of alkaline fuel cells. The problems posed by this primary fuel are toxicity in the event of leaks and the risk of generating nitrogen oxides in the catalytic combustion of the cell effluent. Methanol, ethanol, and the liquid or gas hydrocarbons also allow the generation of hydrogen-rich mixes, either by catalytic steam reforming or by partial oxidation. The gas obtained in this way contains a large amount of CO2 and CO, however, and its use requires a prior purification treatment. Except for use in high-temperature cells, the CO concentration must be reduced to a very low level (a few ppm. The CO2, however, may be kept for the supply of acid electrolyte cells, although it must be eliminated for use with alkaline cells. All these methods are commonly used in industry, but the design of small fully automated facilities allowing fast frequent starting and stopping as well as continuous load variations without loss of performance or pollutant emissions is still a very delicate and uncertain matter. Différents procédés permettant la production embarquée d'hydrogène pour véhicules électriques à piles à combustible sont passés en revue. Les combustibles primaires suivants sont considérés : ammoniac, méthanol, éthanol et hydrocarbures. Le craquage catalytique de l'ammoniac permet l'obtention d'un mélange à 75 % d'hydrogène, exempt de CO2 et convenant donc sans purification ultérieure pour l'alimentation des piles alcalines. Avec ce combustible primaire, les problèmes sont la toxicité en cas de fuite et le risque de production d'oxydes d'azote lors de la combustion

  5. Six secrets of champagne

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liger-Belair, Gérard

    2015-12-01

    Popping open a bottle of champagne is one of life's great delights, but how much do you really know about the science behind this greatest of wines? Gérard Liger-Belair reveals his six favourite champagne secrets.

  6. Vinyl Sulfonate/Vinyl Amide Copolymers and Different Surfactants As Suitable Systems in Eorat Higher Temperatures and Salinities Utilisation de mélanges de copolymères vinyl sulfonate/vinyl amide et de différents tensio-actifs en RAP dans des conditions de fortes salinités et de températures élevées

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Von Halasz S. P.

    2006-11-01

    propriétés des solutions de copolymères VS/VA/AM. Des solutions aqueuses de ces copolymères ont été ajoutées à des quantités variables de tensio-actifs non ioniques et anioniques dans différentes conditions de température et de salinité. Les résultats de tests de compatibilité, de pouvoir viscosifiant, de comportement en milieu poreux, d'injectivité, de dégradation mécanique, de stabilité thermique et de récupération d'huile de ces différents mélanges sont présentés et discutés. La présence de polymère influence peu les propriétés des solutions d'alkylphénols éthoxylates et/ou d'éthers sulfonates dans une large gamme de températures et de salinités. Par contre, des quantités relativement faibles de tensioactifs peuvent modifier sensiblement le comportement des solutions de polymères et améliorer leur efficacité en RAP (Récupération Assistée du Pétrole.

  7. "Informacja chce by? wolna". Strategie kontroli i taktyki uwalniania informacji w epoce cyfrowej

    OpenAIRE

    Banaszak, Ada

    2016-01-01

    W niniejszej pracy przygl?dam si? wybranym strategiom kontroli informacji w epoce cyfrowej oraz taktykom jej uwalniania ? dzia?aniom haker?w i haktywist?w, takich jak Richard Stallman, za?o?yciel ruchu wolnego oprogramowania, Julian Assange, cypherpunk i redaktor naczelny WikiLeaks, czy Anonymous. Aleksander Kmak

  8. Anatomy of an Oil-Based Welfare State: Rent Distribution in Kuwait

    OpenAIRE

    El-Katiri, Laura; Fattouh, Bassam; Segal, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Oil wealth has transformed Kuwait within decades from a modest, trade-based desert emirate into a modern city-state. It has also created a relatively egalitarian economy based on an extensive distributive system that provides Kuwaiti citizens with essential services including free healthcare, education and social security. Therefore, the most important fact about Kuwait’s oil wealth is that it has been successfully used to benefit its citizens. This feat has been achieved through a broad dist...

  9. Influence of building costs on rents of residential property in Owerri ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Residential building accommodation projects undertaken by individuals and organizations are investment whose returns and rewards should be adequate to offset the costs incurred and give good level of profit for entrepreneurial risks. In the recent times there existed unprecedented rise in rental values of newly completed ...

  10. Les différentes espèces d’histoire

    OpenAIRE

    Seignobos, Charles

    2014-01-01

    I. Formation de l’histoire. – L’histoire dans l’Antiquité, au Moyen Âge, à la Renaissance. – Les histoires spéciales et l’histoire générale. – Naissance des histoires spéciales, histoire universelle, histoire générale.II. Rapports entre l’histoire et les sciences sociales. – Les sciences sociales en tant que sciences documentaires emploient la critique historique. – Nécessité de l’étude du passé en science sociale. – Divisions de l’histoire sociale. I. – L’histoire est une création des Grecs ...

  11. Energy price increases, economic rents, and industrial structure in a small regional economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norrie, K.H.; Percy, M.B.

    1982-01-01

    The authors model the relationship between natural-resource revenues and regional economic diversification in the context of a general-equilibrium model of a small, open, natural-resource-based regional economy. The model is then used to stimulate the implications of various province-building strategies, and to draw policy implications from this. They find that the efforts to diversify the economy using the fiscal capacity of the region will, in general, impose real welfare losses on the residents of the province, although certain groups, such as land owners, are already better off.

  12. Contractual Transaction: How Renting a Uterus Makes the Human Body a Commodity in Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhusudan Subedi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of surrogate motherhood has started public debates in Nepal. With surrogacy a child becomes the object of a legal transaction, while the surrogate mother is used, in effect as an incubator, and the hospital declares commissioned parents’ name of a newborn child. The poor women in low-income countries have been used as means to compensate for the reproductive deficiencies of high-income infertile parents. Do purchasing cheaper services, receiving surrogates easier, and having the possibility of gender selection, all in the poor countries, support ‘surrogacy tourism’ or is it a kind of exploitative relationship? Until today, Nepal’s laws do not have any specific provision to deal with surrogacy and, therefore, it is urgent to address the challenges with commercial surrogacy and establish a precise legal policy.

  13. 78 FR 4158 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Rent Reform Demonstration (Task Order 1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... Total burden hours respondents respondent hours) Informed Consent Form (ICF)... 4,000 1 Up to 15 minutes..., including through the use of appropriate automated collection techniques or other forms of information.... Data will be gathered through a variety of methods including informational interviews, direct...

  14. 25 CFR 213.24 - Rate of rents and royalties on oil and gas leases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 213.24 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF... of the oil of the same gravity, and gas, and/or natural gasoline, and/or all other hydrocarbon... storage longer than 30 days after the end of the calendar month in which said oil is produced. The lessee...

  15. Classroom Games: Rent-Seeking and the Inefficiency of Non-market Allocations

    OpenAIRE

    Jacob K. Goeree; Charles A. Holt

    1999-01-01

    Economics is often taught at a level of abstraction that can hinder some students from gaining basic intuition. However, lecture and textbook presentations can be complemented with classroom exercises in which students make decisions and interact. The approach can increase interest in and decrease skepticism about economic theory. This feature offers short descriptions of classroom exercises for a variety of economics courses, with something of an emphasis on the more popular undergraduate co...

  16. Market Power Rents and Climate Change Mitigation: A Rationale for Coal Export Taxes?

    OpenAIRE

    Mendelevitch, Roman; Richter, Phillip; Jotzo, Frank

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the introduction of an export tax on steam coal levied by an individual country (Australia), or a group of major exporting countries. The policy motivation would be twofold: generating tax revenues against the background of improved terms-of-trade, while CO2 emissions are reduced. We construct and numerically apply a two-level game consisting of an optimal policy problem at the upper level, and an equilibrium model of the international steam coal market (based on ...

  17. Market Power Rents and Climate Change Mitigation: A Rationale for Coal Taxes?

    OpenAIRE

    Philipp M. Richter; Roman Mendelevitch; Frank Jotzo

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the introduction of an export tax on steam coal levied by an individual country (Australia), or a group of major exporting countries. The policy motivation would be twofold: generating tax revenues against the background of improved terms-of-trade, while CO2 emissions are reduced. We construct and numerically apply a two-level game consisting of an optimal policy problem at the upper level, and an equilibrium model of the international steam coal market (based on ...

  18. Des regards différents sur le monde | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 déc. 2010 ... Division des communications, CRDI ... Le Programme de formation et de bourses du CRDI permet au Canada de se doter de meilleures compétences scientifiques et techniques et d'augmenter le bassin de spécialistes connaissant bien des questions cruciales en matière de développement international.

  19. 76 FR 14421 - Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program-Contract Rent Annual Adjustment Factors (AAFs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    ...); Ann Oliva, Director, Office of Special Needs Assistance Programs, Office of Community Planning and...). Legislative history for this statutory provision states that ``the rationale [for lower AAFs for non-turnover units is] that operating costs are less if tenant turnover is less * * *.'' Department of Veteran...

  20. 75 FR 6685 - Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program-Contract Rent Annual Adjustment Factors, Fiscal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... Oliva, Director, Office of Special Needs Assistance Programs, Office of Community Planning and... provision states that ``the rationale [for lower AAFs for non-turnover units is] that operating costs are less if tenant turnover is less * * *''. Department of Veteran Affairs and Housing and Urban...

  1. Internal control over financial reporting and managerial rent extraction: Evidence from the profitability of insider trading

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.A. Skaife (Hollis); D. Veenman (David); D. Wangerin (Daniel)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This paper examines the association between ineffective internal control over financial reporting and the profitability of insider trading. We predict and find that the profitability of insider trading is significantly greater in firms disclosing material weaknesses

  2. Inter-trading permanent emissions credits and rented temporary carbon emissions offsets. Some issues and alternatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sedjo, Roger A.; Marland, Gregg

    2003-01-01

    Permit trading among polluting parties is now firmly established as a policy tool in a range of environmental policy areas. The Kyoto Protocol accepts the principle that sequestration of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere can be used to offset emissions of carbon from fossil fuel combustion and outlines mechanisms. Although the lack of guaranteed permanence of biological offsets is often viewed as a defect, this paper argues that the absence of guaranteed permanence need not be a fundamental problem. We view carbon emissions as a liability issue. One purpose of an emissions credit system is to provide the emitter with a means to satisfy the carbon liability associated with her firm's (or country's) release of carbon into the atmosphere. We have developed and here expand on a rental approach, in which sequestered carbon is explicitly treated as temporary: the emitter temporarily satisfies his liability by temporarily 'parking' his liability, for a fee, in a terrestrial carbon reservoir, or 'sink,' such as a forest or agricultural soil. Finally, the paper relates the value of permanent and temporary sequestration and argues that both instruments are tradable and have a high degree of substitutability that allows them to interact in markets

  3. Using GeoRSS feeds to distribute house renting and selling information based on Google map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nong, Yu; Wang, Kun; Miao, Lei; Chen, Fei

    2007-06-01

    Geographically Encoded Objects RSS (GeoRSS) is a way to encode location in RSS feeds. RSS is a widely supported format for syndication of news and weblogs, and is extendable to publish any sort of itemized data. When Weblogs explode since RSS became new portals, Geo-tagged feed is necessary to show the location that story tells. Geographically Encoded Objects adopts the core of RSS framework, making itself the map annotations specified in the RSS XML format. The case studied illuminates that GeoRSS could be maximally concise in representation and conception, so it's simple to manipulate generation and then mashup GeoRSS feeds with Google Map through API to show the real estate information with other attribute in the information window. After subscribe to feeds of concerned subjects, users could easily check for new bulletin showing on map through syndication. The primary design goal of GeoRSS is to make spatial data creation as easy as regular Web content development. However, it does more for successfully bridging the gap between traditional GIS professionals and amateurs, Web map hackers, and numerous services that enable location-based content for its simplicity and effectiveness.

  4. Effets d'un stress hydrique appliqué à différents stades de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    28 févr. 2014 ... Méthodologie et résultats : L'essai a été conduit en pots de végétation. L'irrigation des .... l'élaboration du rendement, nous citons la production de la biomasse et les ..... fine grain aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Agron.

  5. Wombs for rent: an examination of prohibitory and regulatory approaches to governing preconception arrangements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Melody

    2003-02-01

    On October 9, 2002, Bill C-13 had its first reading in the Canadian House of Commons. Bill C-13 was in the same form as Bill C-56 of the First Session of the Thirty-seventh Parliament, which had its first reading on May 9, 2002. Bill C-13, an Act respecting assisted human reproduction, prohibits the practice of commercial surrogacy or preconception agreements in Canada, under threat of criminal sanction. In the first half of the article, the author discusses the deficiencies of the Bill's prohibitory approach to governing surrogacy agreements. These problems include the difficulty of implementing a criminal regime, the weak constitutional basis on which the federal government claims jurisdiction to enact a criminal prohibition of commercial surrogacy and the legislation's inability to prevent exploitation and coercion of vulnerable parties in surrogacy arrangements. In the second half of the article, the author examines an alternative regulatory scheme proposed by the Ontario Law Reform Commission and compares it to the prohibitory approach. The author concludes that the regulatory approach is much more effective than the prohibitory approach in governing the practice of commercial and non-commercial surrogacy arrangements. Regulation minimises the potentially exploitative aspects of surrogacy and provides legal protection to both parties in the agreement. The regulatory scheme proposed by the Ontario Law Reform Commission is also more effective in protecting the best interests of the child born as a result of a preconception agreement.

  6. 77 FR 46447 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ..., 451 Seventh Street SW., Room 10276, Washington, DC 20410-0001. Communications must refer to the above... Inspection of Public Comments. All properly submitted comments and communications submitted to HUD will be... listed immediately following the county name. [[Page 46453

  7. 78 FR 47339 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program, Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... Development, 451 Seventh Street SW., Room 10276, Washington, DC 20410-0001. Communications must refer to the... Inspection of Public Comments. All properly submitted comments and communications submitted to HUD will be... county name. BILLING CODE 4210-67-P [[Page 47345

  8. 24 CFR 248.121 - Annual authorized return and aggregate preservation rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... for the project, assuming a market rate of interest and customary terms; (3) Debt service on the... rehabilitation loan for the project, assuming a market rate of interest and customary terms; (3) Debt service on... local governments and assuming market rate interest rates. ...

  9. Asset prices and rents in a GE model with imperfect competition

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre Lafourcade

    2003-01-01

    This paper analyses the general equilibrium effects on asset valuation and capital accumulation of an exogenous drop in the rate of return required by investors in a model of production with imperfectly competitive product markets. The model improves substantially on the standard perfectly competitive neo-classical framework, by dissociating the behavior of marginal and average q. It tracks more closely current observed data on the ratio of stock-market value to the economy's capital base, wh...

  10. Persistent inter-industry wage differences: Rent sharing and opportunity costs

    OpenAIRE

    Abowd, John M.; Kramarz, Francis; Lengermann, Paul Lengermann; McKinney, Kevin L.; Roux, Sébastien

    2012-01-01

    We reconsider the potential for explaining inter-industry wage differences by decomposing those differences into parts due to individual and employer heterogeneity, respectively. Using longitudinally linked employer-employee data, we estimate the model for the United States and France. The part arising from individual heterogeneity can be theoretically and empirically related to the worker's opportunity wage rate. The part arising from employer heterogeneity can similarly be related to produc...

  11. Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and Managerial Rent Extraction: Evidence from the Profitability of Insider Trading

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skaife, H.A.; Veenman, D.; Wangerin, D.

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the association between ineffective internal control over financial reporting and the profitability of insider trading. We predict and find that the profitability of insider trading is significantly greater in firms disclosing material weaknesses in internal control relative to

  12. 76 FR 59716 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Transformation Initiative: Rent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5480-N-95] Notice of Submission of... build upon a larger social experiment funded by HUD. The funds will be made available in the form of...: Interested persons are invited to submit comments regarding this proposal. Comments should refer to the...

  13. Une mesure différente du bien-être : l'indice du bonheur national ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    À la lumière de ces données, le Centre for Bhutan Studies publiera, en 2011, un indice du BNB quantitatif. Cette subvention permettra à l'OPHI d'assister le Centre dans la synthèse et l'analyse des résultats de l'enquête de 2010. L'objectif : assurer la validité et la reconnaissance internationale de l'indice du BNB de sorte ...

  14. 76 FR 52057 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... that could have serious programmatic implications, particularly for Section 8 project-based and tax.... Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI HMFA New Haven-Meriden, CT HMFA. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE... surrounding the timing of the publication of income limits could worsen and owners of Low Income Housing Tax...

  15. The Affordability of Housing in the Netherlands : An Increasing Income Gap Between Renting and Owning?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haffner, M.E.A.; Boumeester, H.J.F.M.

    2010-01-01

    Housing became more expensive in the Netherlands between 2002 and 2006, a trend which has been demonstrated using various measures of affordability. The expenditure-to-income ratios calculated for households confirm that the average cost of housing rose for tenants and homeowners, as well as for

  16. 24 CFR 888.203 - Use of contract rent automatic annual adjustment factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET...

  17. HOME COST Pct Units by Rent as Pct of HH Income in 1999 NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  18. HOME COST Units by Rent as Pct of HH Income om 1999 NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  19. Comparison of Road Safety Behaviour of Rented Dublin Bike Users With That of Owner Cyclists

    OpenAIRE

    Deegan, Eileen

    2011-01-01

    Cycling is a unique way of travelling and exercising. The Irish Heart Foundation recommends thirty minutes of exercise most days in the week to maintain a healthy heart (IHF, 2008). The introduction of the Dublin-bike scheme by Dublin city Council in connection with JCDecaux on the 13th of September 2009 has encouraged and allowed more people to cycle around the city of Dublin. Since their introduction, Dublin-bikes have grown rapidly in popularity. By the 31st of December 2009 24,016 people ...

  20. Extracting the resource rent from the CDM projects: Can the Chinese Government do better?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Xuemei

    2010-01-01

    The revenue generated from a CDM project in China will be shared by the government and the project owner, and is also subject to the corporate income tax. This paper studies the impacts of the revenue sharing policy and income tax on the CDM market. The economic model presented in this paper shows that higher-cost CDM projects will be more affected by the CDM policies than lower-cost projects. In addition, the majority of CERs will be generated from lower-cost projects. This kind of distribution of CERs across different types of CDM projects, which is in line with the current picture of the CDM market in China, is not consistent with the goal of sustainable development. A simulation shows that a type-by-type tax/fee scheme would be more effective in assisting sustainable development than the current CDM policies. The study also suggests the government use negative tax/fee with the type-by-type scheme to subsidize the CDM projects that generate large sustainability benefits but would otherwise not be developed due to high costs. If all of the revenue from the CDM is recycled, it is estimated that CERs generation will increase by 98.28 MtC, mainly from the CDM projects that have substantial sustainability benefits for the host country.

  1. Violence of the oil income. Algeria, Iraq, Libya; Violence de la rente petroliere. Algerie, Irak, Libye

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez, L. [CERI-Sciences Po, 75006 - Paris (France)

    2010-07-01

    During the 1970's, thanks to oil exploitation income, Algeria, Iraq and Libya seemed to be engaged in an accelerated modernization process. Petroleum was the blessing that would allow these states to catch up on their economic gap. Algeria was introduced as a 'Mediterranean dragon', Libya as an 'emirate' and Iraq as the leading military power of the Arab world. On the political side, the progressive socialism made one think that deep social transformations were in progress. Several decades later, the disappointment is painful. The prosperity feeling has led these countries into political, economic and military impasses with disastrous consequences for their populations. This book analyses the reasons that have led to this political/economical/social situation. The questions are: how can these countries get rid of deep reforms without any risk of social explosion, and how can the European Union export its standards and values and protect its gas imports at the same time?

  2. POLA RELASI BISNIS DAN POLITIK DI INDONESIA MASA REFORMASI: KASUS RENT SEEKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratnia Solihah

    2016-03-01

    actors. The shift in the relation of power from the center to the regions shifting the map of corruption that was once centralized and then spread to smaller level of area. Pattern of business and political relationships was transformed due to the reorganization of the business actors during the New Order to the current political situation to keep control of economic resources; The appearance of new businesses as new economic powers; and the presence of political/governmental actors still dominated by predatory power relations and clientelism.

  3. Antioxidant properties of some medicinal Aristolochiaceae species

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2008-02-19

    Feb 19, 2008 ... Department of Botany, Plant Tissue Culture Division, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil nadu, India. Accepted 15 August, 2007. Antioxidant properties of ... raising interest among scientists and food manufacturers as consumers move toward functional foods with specific health effects (Lo liger, 1991).

  4. Engaging the Citizens through Collaborative, Mobile and Web-based Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bohøj, Morten

    , at sociale aktiviteter er i fokus. Kommercielle sites, såsom Amazon, tillader brugere at skrive produktanmel- delser, og foreslår produkter kunden kunne være interesseret i, baseret på tid- ligere købshistorik. Wikipedia er et online leksikon baseret på brugerskrevne artikler, og der findes næsten ikke en...

  5. Family Inequality, School Inequalities, and Mathematics Achievement in 65 Countries: Microeconomic Mechanisms of Rent Seeking and Diminishing Marginal Returns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Ming Ming

    2015-01-01

    Background/Context: While many studies show that greater economic inequality widens the achievement gap between rich and poor students, recent studies indicate that countries with greater economic inequality have lower overall student achievement. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This study explores whether family inequalities…

  6. 76 FR 35905 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Section 8 Fair Market Rent Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... programs; payment standards for the Rental Voucher program; and any other programs whose regulations... computers to select statistically random samples of telephone numbers to locate certain types of rental...

  7. De Tian’anmen à Central : différentes batailles, un même combat

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Lun

    2015-01-01

    Du mouvement de la place Tian’anmen aux protestations de Hong Kong, un immense mouvement sociohistorique se forme dont les protagonistes tentent d’acquérir et de défendre des droits sociaux et politiques en tant que citoyens, sujets de leur propre destin. From the Tiananmen Square Movement to the recent Occupy Central protests which emerged in Hong Kong, a vast socio-historical movement is taking shape in which the actors try to obtain and defend social and political rights as citizens, ma...

  8. Reaping the carbon rent: Abatement and overallocation profits in the European cement industry, insights from an LMDI decomposition analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Branger, Frédéric; Quirion, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    We analyse variations of carbon emissions in the European cement industry from 1990 to 2012, at the European level (EU 27), and at the national level for six major producers (Germany, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Italy and Poland). We apply a Log-Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method, cross-referencing data from three databases: the Getting the Numbers Right (GNR) database developed by the Cement Sustainability Initiative, the European Union Transaction Log (EUTL), and the Eurostat International Trade database. Our decomposition method allows seven channels of emission change to be distinguished: activity, clinker trade, clinker share, alternative fuels, thermal and electrical energy efficiency, and electricity decarbonisation. We find that, apart from a slow trend of emission reductions coming from technological improvements (first from a decrease in the clinker share, then from an increase in alternative fuels), most of the emission change can be attributed to the activity effect. Using counterfactual scenarios, we estimate that the introduction of the EU ETS brought small but positive technological abatement (2.2% ± 1.3% between 2005 and 2012). Moreover, we find that the European cement industry has gained 3.5 billion Euros of “overallocation profits”, mostly due to the slowdown of production. - Highlights: • We analyse variations of carbon emissions in the European cement industry. • We apply a Log-Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method. • Most of the emission changes can be attributed to the activity effect. • The EU ETS brought small but positive technological abatement. • The European cement industry has gained 3.5 billion Euros of “overallocation profits”

  9. Le carbone et l'azote dans les différentes fractions granulométriques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    21 janv. 2014 ... permis de suivre l'évolution du carbone organique et de l'azote total du sol. Les résultats ... impact sur le flux de CO2 à partir de la surface du sol. (Creamer et al. ...... estimates of CO2 emissions from soil in response to global ...

  10. COMPARISION OF HAEMOGLOBIN PERCENTAGE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF POST GRADUATE GIRL STUDENTS RESIDING IN HOSTEL, RENTED ROOMS AND HOME

    OpenAIRE

    Anjankar S P

    2012-01-01

    The most crucial segment of our population from the point of view of the quality of our future generation is today’s girls who are just on the threshold of marriage and motherhood. These girls are our future home maker. Their attainments and competence will be the major determinants of the health and nutrition of children of the next generation. The health condition of these girls needs more attention. Todays Girl’s are getting educated and for their education they have to leave their homes a...

  11. Financial Management: Processing General Services Administration Rent Bills for DoD Customers in the National Capital Region

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Granetto, Paul

    2003-01-01

    .... The Washington Headquarters Services (WHS) is responsible for the oversight and management of administrative space occupied by DoD agencies and Military departments in the National Capital Region...

  12. Integrated modelling of nitrate loads to coastal waters and land rent applied to catchment scale water management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacosen, T.; Refsgaard, A.; Jacobsen, Brian H.

    Abstract The EU WFD requires an integrated approach to river basin management in order to meet environmental and ecological objectives. This paper presents concepts and full-scale application of an integrated modelling framework. The Ringkoebing Fjord basin is characterized by intensive agricultu...... in comprehensive, integrated modelling tools.......Abstract The EU WFD requires an integrated approach to river basin management in order to meet environmental and ecological objectives. This paper presents concepts and full-scale application of an integrated modelling framework. The Ringkoebing Fjord basin is characterized by intensive...... agricultural production and leakage of nitrate constitute a major pollution problem with respect groundwater aquifers (drinking water), fresh surface water systems (water quality of lakes) and coastal receiving waters (eutrophication). The case study presented illustrates an advanced modelling approach applied...

  13. Integrated modelling of nitrate loads to coastal waters and land rent applied to catchment-scale water management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Refsgaard, A.; Jacobsen, T.; Jacobsen, Brian H.

    2007-01-01

    The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires an integrated approach to river basin management in order to meet environmental and ecological objectives. This paper presents concepts and full-scale application of an integrated modelling framework. The Ringkoebing Fjord basin is characterized by ...... the potential and limitations of comprehensive, integrated modelling tools.  ......The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires an integrated approach to river basin management in order to meet environmental and ecological objectives. This paper presents concepts and full-scale application of an integrated modelling framework. The Ringkoebing Fjord basin is characterized...... by intensive agricultural production and leakage of nitrate constitute a major pollution problem with respect groundwater aquifers (drinking water), fresh surface water systems (water quality of lakes) and coastal receiving waters (eutrophication). The case study presented illustrates an advanced modelling...

  14. Efficacité comparée des insecticides de natures différentes dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    gestion des insectes ravageurs du niébé au Centre du Bénin. 7695. Efficacité comparée .... basées sur la lutte biologique pour le contrôle de M. vitrata. Ces méthodes ..... Dynamique de la population de M. vitrata : La figure 1 illustre l'effet des ...

  15. 76 FR 22122 - Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program-Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... Expensive Neighborhoods Comment: One commenter appeared to oppose the concept of small area FMRs, noting... information on poverty and racial concentration by ZIP Code. HUD Response: HUD must select areas with as many...

  16. Par les fruits et légumes, l’interprétation de différents patrimoines

    OpenAIRE

    Grison, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    À partir de l’analyse d’un programme muséographique organisé autour d’un patrimoine naturel, culturel, technique et industriel lié aux fruits et légumes et qui a choisi l’activité d’interprétation comme forme de médiation, l’auteur montre comment cette démarche spécifique permet de concilier l’exigence de fiabilité attachée à l’institution muséale et le respect des intérêts économiques des acteurs de la filière porteurs du projet.

  17. Les attitudes sont-elles différentes face à la fraude fiscale et à la fraude sociale ?

    OpenAIRE

    Mathieu Lefebvre; Pierre Pestieau; Arno Riedl; Marie Claire Villeval

    2014-01-01

    En période de crise économique, les besoins de l’Etat augmentent et l’assiette fiscale se réduit ; il est alors courant de voir resurgir dans le débat public la lutte contre les diverses formes de fraude qui reduisent les recettes publiques. Dans ce contexte, on oppose régulièrement fraude fiscale à fraude sociale et la discussion porte souvent sur l’importance relative de l’une et de l’autre. On entend par fraude fiscale le détournement illégal d’un système fiscal afin de ne pas contribuer a...

  18. Impact de différents régimes hydriques sur la capacité de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    saturés en eau durant toute la durée de l'expérience (2 mois), soumis à une dessiccation progressive puis laissés secs ... responsables d'émission de gaz à effet de .... (n = 9). 0,0033 mg de NO3- g-1 de sédiment sec. 0,0026 mg de NO3- g-1 de sédiment sec. Teneur en Carbone. (n = 9). 7,74 %. 8,81 %. Teneur en Azote.

  19. Imputed rent and distributional effects of housing-related policies in Estonia, Italy and the United Kingdom / Virginia Maestri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maestri, Virginia

    2013-01-01

    Eluasemepoliitikast Eestis, Itaalias ja Suurbritannias. Kasutades mikrosimulatsioonimudelit Euromod jäljendatakse ja võrreldakse mainitud riikide eluasemepoliitikat, sh selle mõju ebavõrdsusele ja suhtelisele vaesusele

  20. Martine Monacelli et Michel Prum. Ces hommes qui épousèrent la cause des femmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric REGARD

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage collectif compte dix chapitres, consacrés chacun à l’un des « pionniers » hommes du féminisme. Les militants ou sympathisants sont  pour certains très célèbres, mais pour d’autres pratiquement inconnus, William Godwin, John Stuart Mill, William Thompson et Edward Carpenter côtoyant William Johnson Fox, George Lansbury, Israel Zangwill, Frederick Pethic-Lawrence, Frederick Billington-Greig ou encore Victor Duval. Une bibliographie sélective complète l’ouvrage, malheureusement dépou...

  1. Développement de trois différents types de matériaux innovants à base de tannins

    OpenAIRE

    Thébault , Marion

    2014-01-01

    Tannins are chemical extracts which represent a natural alternative to chemicals as phenol or resorcinol which are from oil resources. They are already used industrially for the synthesis of adhesives used for the manufacture of wood-based products such as particleboards and plywood, but generally always used with formaldehyde as a hardener to improve their mechanical strengths. The first products developed in this thesis are adhesive resins for the manufacture of particleboards, synthesized ...

  2. 75 FR 61253 - Final Fair Market Rents for Fiscal Year 2011 for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    .... Any questions related to use of FMRs or voucher payment standards should be directed to the respective... Housing Choice Voucher program, the FMR is the basis for determining the ``payment standard amount'' used... for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program...

  3. 75 FR 11553 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... provided on the same website noted above. Any questions related to use of FMRs or voucher payment standards... the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program for... County, ND. Both areas were having significant problems administering the Housing Choice Voucher program...

  4. Effet in vitro de différents niveaux NPK sur la croissance mycélienne ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 sept. 2014 ... culture à des concentrations croissantes, 0,01 M (C1), 0,025 M (C2), 0,05 M (C3), 0,1 M (C4) et 0,15 M (C5), avant la stérilisation. ...... Colhoum J., 1979. Predisposition by the environment. p: 75-96 In J.G. Horsfall and E.B. Cowiing. Plant. Diseases. IV. .How plant defend themselves. Academic Press, Inc.

  5. 76 FR 60967 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ..., Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX CT HMFA. HMFA. New Haven-Meriden, CT HMFA North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL... than four bedrooms are calculated by adding 15 percent to the four- bedroom FMR for each extra bedroom...-bedroom FMR for each extra bedroom. For example, the FMR for a five-bedroom unit is 1.15 times the four...

  6. 78 FR 61667 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... Metro FMR Area 2016 Area. Las Vegas-Paradise, NV MSA 2015 New Haven-Meriden, CT HUD Metro FMR 2016 Area...) in the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit program is outside of the scope of this notice. However, HUD...

  7. From officium to civil service position – the Difficult Transformation of Rent Bureaucracy into a Constitutional Bureaucracy

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, José Reinaldo de Lima

    2012-01-01

    The paper explores possible similarities between the development of Brazil and the Spanish speaking republics in South America during the XIX century. As opposed to the Spanish speaking “Vice Reynados”, Brazil had a rather undeveloped bureaucracy in colonial times. However, as the Portuguese head of government moved to Rio de Janeiro in 1808 bureaucracy grew faster than before. Nonetheless, it grew along the lines of the Ancien Régime ideas of governmental organization: justice, government, f...

  8. Paying the rent: languaging particularity and novelty Pagando o aluguel: particularidade e originalidade no uso da linguagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Bazerman

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Issues of plagiarism and originality have been revivified by the internet in two distinct ways. First, the internet has provided new resources for both school learning and school cheating - raising values of individual responsibility, academic integrity and institutional policing. Second, the internet has heightened the tension between intellectual property and the cultural commons - raising values of economic reward and ownership versus those of cultural heritage, communal creativity, and critical comment. A Bakhtinian way of sorting through these two important sets of issues, without conflating the distinct sets of concerns, is to recognize how deeply we are always embedded in the language of others, using and responding to utterances that proceeded ours, while also recognizing the supplement of originality, freshness, or situational specificity expected in particular tasks. When we analyze academic and other situations from this perspective we find that the expected reliance on the cultural commons and the expected supplement varies from task to task, and a procedure which is considered cheating or a failure of originality in one situation is expected and appropriate in another. In educational settings we would do well to identify with greater specificity how students should use the cultural commons in each task and the specific forms of fresh or novel work we also expect them to accomplish. We should then calibrate our identification of plagiaristic cheating in relation to the specific expected originality appropriate to the task.Problemas de plágio e originalidade têm sido reavivados pela internet de duas formas distintas. Primeiro, a internet tem proporcionado novos recursos tanto no âmbito da aprendizagem quanto no âmbito da fraude escolar _ trazendo à tona valores de responsabilidade individual, de integridade acadêmica e de políticas institucionais. Segundo, a internet tem aumentado a tensão entre a propriedade intelectual e cultural do que é comum _ elevando os valores da recompensa econômica e da propriedade contra os valores que se referem ao patrimônio cultural, à criatividade coletiva e ao comentário crítico. Uma maneira bakhtiniana de distinguir esses dois conjuntos importantes de questões, sem misturar seus interesses particulares, é o de reconhecer o quanto estamos incorporados na linguagem dos outros, usando e respondendo a ditos que procederam aos nossos, reconhecendo também que adicionamos a isso algum detalhe de originalidade, novidade, assim como a especificidade situacional esperada de tarefas particulares. Quando analisamos situações acadêmicas e outras particulares a partir dessa perspectiva, nós achamos que a dependência prevista do contexto cultural comum (de domínio público e do detalhe de originalidade ou novidade a ser adicionado varia de tarefa para tarefa, e um procedimento que é considerado como uma trapaça ou como desprovido de originalidade em uma dada situação é o que é esperado de outra, ou seja, é considerado adequado a outra situação. Em contextos educacionais, faríamos bem em identificar com mais especificidade como os alunos deveriam usar a cultura comum em cada tarefa dada, bem como as formas específicas de inovação ou originalidade que também esperamos que eles realizem em suas tarefas. Devemos então ajustar o que identificamos como plágio ou fraude escolar em relação às nossas expectativas quanto ao que esperamos de originalidade em uma tarefa.

  9. Obsidian from volcanic sequences and rent alluvial deposits, Erzurum district, north-eastern Anatolia: Chemical characterisation and archaeological implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brennan, P.; Sagona, T.

    1997-01-01

    Full text: Recent geoarchaeological research in the Erzurum district, north-eastern Anatolia, has revealed an abundance of obsidian at numerous neolithic and Bronze Age sites. Geochemical characterisation using neutron activation analysis indicates that the obsidian was obtained from several sources that are chemically distinct from the major sources already known from Central Anatolia an the Lake Van area. Multiple sources are represented in the samples collected from at least two of the sites, namely the sites of Sos and Pulur. The primary source of some of the obsidian utilised at the site of Sos has been located in the volcanic sequence outcropping tot he north-west of Pasinler. Field survey however has shown that the alluvial deposits along the main rivers and some of their tributaries were the main sources of the obsidian utilised at the sites near Erzurum. Trade or exchange of obsidian with sites outside the Erzurum area seems to have been limited

  10. Adaptive Strategies in the Russian Vocational Education and Training System: Institutional Barriers and Rent-Seeking Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyacheslav V.Volchik

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The process of institutional change is going very rapidly in the Russian vocational education and training (VET system. If implemented reforms are inconsistent with present working rules and institutions in the field, it causes inefficiencies of the VET system and may result in institutional traps. The actors involved in the VET system are working in an increasingly demanding environment. They have to adapt their behaviors to complicated and constantly changing rules. Seeking to meet the requirements of students and employers, who operate under resource constraints, educational organizations undertake curriculum reductions to minimize costs. These measures usually result in low education outcomes and poor quality of education. In an attempt to identify adaptive behavioral patterns of actors involved in the educational process, we have conducted and analyzed 50 in-depth interviews with lecturers, managers and students within the educational organizations of Rostov region that offer VET programs. Our research aims to contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms of adaptation among academic staff members and VET students using the concepts of institutional economics and qualitative research methods.

  11. Effet du travail du sol sur la productivité de différentes provenances de Jatropha curcas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barro Lamine

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Jatropha curcas L. (JCL, an oleaginous species traditionally used as live fence, is massively planted in Africa to produce biofuel. However, the influence of many factors on its productivity remains scientifically unknown. This study aimed to assess the effect of subsoiling (factor 1 : subsoiling and control and plant material provenance (factor 2 : Casamance and Diobass on its development and productivity. The results have shown two years after planting that plant provenance had a significant effect on growth variables, plant above ground architecture and fruits number. The Casamance provenance has generally produced the highest values. Subsoiling did not have a significant effect on most of the studied variables, except for low primary branches number and fruiting branches number. Even more, subsoiling appeared to enhance JCL growth. These results have allowed to understand the importance of provenances but also of soil preparation on the performances of JCL and to identify priority areas for research.

  12. Land Administration System structured Land rent residuals and China’s urban sprawl – A Case Study of Dashi, Guangzhou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Xuan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban sprawl has been at the centre of current debate on urban structure. Compared to the rich literature on urban sprawl in Western cities, relatively little is known about the physical consequence and the causes of urban sprawl in China. In China, for peasant collective-owned land (COL, land use right cannot be sold, transferred or leased for non-agricultural construction’. COL could be developed until it is acquired and leased out by the government. Through the process of land acquisition, the peasants could only get the compensation for 30 years' average of annual agricultural production value in addition to compensation for attachments, crops and vegetables which sometimes could hardly support the life of peasants who lost their land. To compensation for the peasants’ loss, the government would leave 10-15% of the acquired land to peasant collectives as Collectively Owned Economic Development Land (COEDL, allowing it used for industrial or commercial purpose. However, development of COEDL manifested to have low development density, quality and output. With a property rights approach, this research evaluates the development process of COEDL in Guangzhou. It has been revealed that high cost to obtain the permit of land use change (nongzhuanyong zhibiao, and to provide infrastructure and public facilities reduce the incentives of peasants to use COEDL legally and more efficiently. Furthermore, as COEDL is forbidden to transfer or mortgage, the financing ability of peasant collectives is thus impaired severely, allowing them only low investment on development. Use of COEDL thus contributes to urban sprawl in China.

  13. 78 FR 25295 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... or speech impairments may access this number through TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Relay... not toll-free.) SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In response to comments submitted to the FY 2012 and FY... following table supersede the values found in Schedule B that became effective on October 1, 2012, and were...

  14. Effet de l'apport de différents types d'engrais organiques sur la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Unité de Recherche sur la Gestion Intégrée du Sol et des Cultures (ISCM), ... facteur principal puis trois doses d'application et un contrôle (0, 20, 30 et 40 t/ha) comme facteur secondaire. ..... mesure de la longueur a été réalisée du collet à.

  15. Effet de la densité de charge et de différents types de substrat sur la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    performances de production du ver du fumier Eisenia foetida durant 8 semaines. Les fumiers ... Leur importance dans la gestion de la fertilité des terres ... étude a été initiée pour (1) mesurer la vitesse .... Contrôle de croissance numérique et.

  16. Testing and Applying a Theory of Utility; an attempt to decompose income in compensatory and scarcity rents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Tinbergen (Jan); N. Bouma (Nienke); B.M.S. van Praag (Bernard)

    1976-01-01

    textabstractData on income after tax, schooling completed, job held, age, and ‘level of satisfaction’ of 2663 members of the Dutch Consumer Union have been used to estimate regression equations of two types. Type I may be called a specification of a utility function, Type II an ‘earnings function’

  17. Effets des différents doses d'agar du milieu de culture sur l'induction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 janv. 2014 ... récipients utilisés étaient des bacs en plastic munis du filtre d'aération sur le couvercle. Il a été garni de 100 ml de milieu de culture ... The containers used were plastic containers marked with the breather filter on the lid. ..... 1991; Brown et Atanassov, 1985 ; Reisch et Bingham,. 1980; Bingham et al., 1975).

  18. Le carbone et l'azote dans les différentes fractions granulométriques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The results show that rice cultivation leads to reduction of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in the upper horizons (0-20 cm) while an accumulation is observed in lower horizons ... Furthermore, despite the production of methane, irrigated rice system could all the same contribute to atmospheric carbon sequestration.

  19. Impact de différents régimes hydriques sur la capacité de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    different water conditions affect the microbial functions of aerobic respiration and denitrification. (respectively responsible for the emission of greenhouse effect gases: CO2 and N2O). Two pools of ...... Bacterial diversity promotes community.

  20. "Poezja Religijna i Sakralna", nr 2

    OpenAIRE

    Tytko, Marek Mariusz

    2013-01-01

    Wstęp do "Religious and Sacred Poetry: An International Quarterly of Religion, Culture and Education" dotyczy głównie profilu czasopisma, jego struktury i zespołu autorskiego. Redaktor naczelny (Marek Mariusz Tytko) opisuje treść kwartalnika i jego program. Chrześcijańska kultura, religijna kultura literacka, chrześcijańska poezja religijna i poezja sakralna są głownym obszarem badawczym autorów tego kwartalnika. This introduction to Religious and Sacred Poetry: An International Quarterly ...

  1. La compétence culturelle et ses différentes composantes dans la mise en oeuvre de la perspective actionnelle : une problèmatique didactique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Puren

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available “Intercultural competence”, as it remains generally designed in language and cultures’ teaching, has been criticised, which we will briefly recall. It cannot, in particular, be opposed to the “cultural competence”, but must be considered one of its components; necessary in connection with two other components previously appeared in the discipline, trans and meta-cultural approaches. A model of cultural competence complex enough must now include two additional components: multicultural and co-cultural because they are required by the two new issues emerged in the Common European Framework of Reference, namely living and acting together in a multilingual and multicultural Europe. The paper illustrates these new cultural issues in language and cultures’ teaching by presenting the example of a FFL manual the cultural approach of which aims to all these cultural competence components work all together.

  2. La compétence culturelle et ses différentes composantes dans la mise en oeuvre de la perspective actionnelle : une problèmatique didactique

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Puren

    2014-01-01

    “Intercultural competence”, as it remains generally designed in language and cultures’ teaching, has been criticised, which we will briefly recall. It cannot, in particular, be opposed to the “cultural competence”, but must be considered one of its components; necessary in connection with two other components previously appeared in the discipline, trans and meta-cultural approaches. A model of cultural competence complex enough must now include two additional components: multicultural and co-...

  3. Trente années qui ébranlèrent la physique histoire de la théorie quantique

    CERN Document Server

    Gamow, George

    1968-01-01

    G. Gamow, dans cet ouvrage, déploie une fois encore ses qualités d'historien, de vulgarisateur et d'homme d'esprit. L'"histoire de la théorie quantique" raconte la naissance de la physique moderne au cours des trente premières années du siècle, en nous guidant ainsi à travers cette galerie de portraits où les grands noms de la physique sont présentés, par les textes, les photographies et les croquis, sous leur aspect le moins académique.

  4. Acclimatation de vitroplants de bananier Musa sp. en culture hydroponique: impact de différentes concentrations en cuivre sur la croissance des vitroplants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazinga, MK.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acclimatation of Banana's Vitroplants (Musa sp. in Hydroponic Culture: Effects of Different Concentrations Copper on Growth of Vitroplants. Constraints due to copper and consequences of its accumulation in acclimatized banana in vitroplants have been studied in hydroponic culture. 0-100- 500-1000 ppm copper was added to the nutrient medium in hydroponic culture. At 1000 ppm, copper was accumulated in the roots but not in the aerial parts. Surprisingly, biomass of shoots and roots was augmented significantly at this concentration (with leaves as an exception. Plant height was reduced strongly even at 100 ppm CuSO4, although the copper content in shoots and leaves was very low.

  5. 24 CFR 1000.130 - May a recipient charge a non low-income family rents or homebuyer payments which are more than 30...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...? 1000.130 Section 1000.130 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.130 May a...

  6. Définition et développement des applications pour smartphones en différentes plateformes (windows8, IOS)

    OpenAIRE

    Lisicic Lopátegui, Claudia

    2013-01-01

    Innovation d’une application d’entreprise, déjà existante et développement de cette application dans une nouvelle plateforme. Gestion et management d’un projet de développement et innovation d’une application pour Smartphones, à travers des études ergonomiques, d’utilisateurs et d’état de l’art.

  7. Les pressions écologiques réglementaires : comment les entreprises tunisiennes les gèrent-elles ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Turki

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Les entreprises sont de plus en plus appelées aujourd’hui à prendre en considération les aspects environnementaux dans leur gestion. Elles sont la cible des pressions environnementales dont la principale source est les pouvoirs publics. Ainsi, le présent papier se propose d’étudier la nature de la relation entre les entreprises et les pouvoirs publics en matière de protection de l’environnement. Afin d’atteindre cet objectif, une étude de cas est effectuée sur 8 entreprises tunisiennes dont deux sont certifiées par la norme ISO 14001. Les résultats montrent que toutes les entreprises ont fait l’objet d’inspections périodiques et de pénalités de la part des pouvoirs publics qui constituent la principale et parfois l’unique source de pression environnementale dans le contexte tunisien. Ces entreprises trouvent que les normes législatives environnementales sont difficiles à atteindre. Aussi, les résultats identifient deux types de relations entre les entreprises et les pouvoirs publics : coopérative et conflictuelle. De même, l’étude de cas montre que les pressions environnementales ont diminué suite aux actions environnementales effectuées mais demeurent toujours présentes.Companies are today more and more called to consider the ecological aspects in their management. They are the target of the ecological pressures the main source of which is public authorities. So, the present paper suggests studying the nature of the relation between companies and public authorities in environmental protection. To reach this objective, a case study is made on 8 Tunisian companies among which two are certified to the standard ISO 14001. The results show that public authorities (constitute the most and sometimes the only source of ecological pressure in the Tunisian context. These pressures show themselves by overhauls and penalties. These companies find that the environmental legislative standards are difficult to achieve. So, the results identify two types of relation between companies and public authorities: cooperative and conflicting. Also, the case study shows that the ecological pressures decreased further to the ecological initiatives.

  8. 41 CFR 301-11.15 - What expenses may be considered part of the daily lodging cost when I rent on a long-term basis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What expenses may be... the price of a hotel/motel room in the area concerned, the cost of special user fees (e.g., cable TV...

  9. Welfare distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market: A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Witteloostuijn, van (Arjen); S. Brakman (Steven); J.G.M. van Marrewijk (Charles)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractAs part of the larger energy market deregulation program, the Dutch energy authority—DTe—has developed the habit to force the Dutch gas transport enterprise—Gas Transport Services, or GTS—to lower its prices. DTe's key argument is that lower gas transport prices will benefit the

  10. Welfare distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market: A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Witteloostuijn , van Arjen; Brakman, S.; van Marrewijk, C.

    2007-01-01

    As part of the larger energy market deregulation program, the Dutch energy authority-DTe-has developed the habit to force the Dutch gas transport enterprise-Gas Transport Services, or GTS-to lower its prices. DTe's key argument is that lower gas transport prices will benefit the end-user. Indeed,

  11. Bilan et apports de différentes Analyses Sociales du Cycle de Vie menées dans le secteur des agro-industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delcour, A.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Assessment and contributions of different Social Life Cycle Assessments performed in the agribusiness sector. Introduction. Consumers are attaching increasing importance to the sustainability of the products they purchase. The agribusiness sector is well aware of this trend and is making efforts to guarantee product sustainability. Literature. Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA is a widely used methodology (like others in this field, such as ISO 26000 and SA 8000 for evaluating the social impact of the activities involved in the life cycle of a product. The S-LCA guidelines were published in 2009 and therefore the framework for this methodology is not yet well established. Nevertheless, some S-LCA studies have been completed and have contributed to the development of the methodology. The objective of this paper is to give feedback to the agribusiness sector and researchers regarding prospects for future use of Social Life Cycle Assessment in the agribusiness sector. Papers selected for this literature review have been chosen on the basis of Scopus's query from 2000 to the present day. Scopus's query contains analyses of major international conferences. The case studies in the agribusiness sector that are reviewed in this paper highlight the usefulness of a social hotspots database, the need for stakeholder involvement in S-LCA implementation, the link between S-LCA and its regional context, and the benefits of developing causal links between indicators and impact categories, such as working conditions and governance. Conclusions. Further methodological investigation needs to be conducted in order to standardize this new methodology. Its ability to provide an overview of assessment of socioeconomic impacts makes it a good choice for evaluating the aspect of social impact as part of sustainability studies.

  12. Limits to the introduction of market institutions in a sector of income; Les limites a l'introduction des institutions de marche dans un secteur de rente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Locatelli, C.; Finon, D. [Laboratoire d' Economie de la Production et de l' Integration Internationale, Departement Energie et Politiques de l' Environnement (LEPII/EPE), UPMF, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2003-07-01

    This article uses an empirical study to test the validity of the liberal approach of market transition. The example chosen is the reform (privatization) of the Russian hydrocarbons industry. This case has been chosen because it represents an extreme case of inadequateness of the measures preconized by the Washington consensus with respect to the institutional environment. It represents also a typical case of opportunistic adaptation of the behaviour of private and government actors to the rough enforcement of market institutions to a very specific institutional environment. The inadequateness of these institutions with the initial informal institutions has led to adaptations totally dependent of the institutional path with the necessity of preserving a minimum inter-industrial consistency. On the other hand, it seems that the uncertainty about the property rights in general is tightly correlated with the abundance of exploitable and exportable natural resources. (J.S.)

  13. Réponse des différents taxons méiofaunistiques à la contamination par un antibiotique (la Penicilline G) : étude microcosmique.

    OpenAIRE

    Nasri, A.; Boufahja, F.; Hedfi, A.; Mahmoudi, E.; Aissa, P.; Essid, N.

    2013-01-01

    Une étude microcosmique a été réalisée pour déterminer l’effet d’un antibiotique (la Pénicilline G) sur une communauté méiofaunistique prélevée au niveau des sédiments de la lagune de Bizerte (Nord de la Tunisie).Cinq doses croissantes de ce contaminant émergent (D1 : 3 mg.L-1, D2 : 30 mg. L-1, D3 : 300 mg. L-1, D4 : 600 mg. L-1 et D5 : 700 mg. L-1), ont été mises en examen pendant 30 jours d’exposition. Les densités méiofaunistiques moyennes ont été très fluctuantes en comparant les microcos...

  14. La Période spéciale en temps de paix: les différents visages de l’informalité cubaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janice Argaillot

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an analysis of the different forms of informality that were born or that reappeared with the Special period in times of peace. Indeed, this period consecutive to the collapse of the soviet partner, characterized by drastic economic measures aiming at the preservation of the Cuban politico-social system, has led to disruptions in different areas. In this way, economical informality and the development of an unofficial economics black market must be observed through the prism of two others kinds of informality. Politically speaking first, we can only note the discontentment of a certain part of the population, supported by the new technologies that offer an international resonance. Humanly speaking then, it should be made clear that the Special period has caused mutations in social relations, while growing on as an inspiration for artists. As a consequence, our work offers an overview of the different aspects of the actual Cuban “informality”, and emphasizes its negative and positive points.

  15. La densité a-t-elle une influence sur les comportements sociaux ? Des échelles territoriales différentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Le Bras

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available L'idée de densité a sans doute précédé celle de population. Pour Jean Bodin dont on cite sans vergogne le célèbre "Il n'est de richesses que d'hommes", la densité indiquait à la fois la cause et le critère du fonctionnement de l'État. Pour Montesquieu elle épousait le régime politique : les Républiques étaient densément peuplées ; dans les Monarchies, la population se groupait au centre du pouvoir et à la frontière, laissant l'espace intermédiaire presque vide, et dans les tyrannies, la densi...

  16. Évolution différente de deux traits de contact interdialectal en français louisianais : les cas de quoi et j’avons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin J. Rottet

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Contemporary Louisiana French is a koine, the product of contact between several 18th- and 19th-century varieties of French. We will explore two variables with different outcomes in the context of dialect contact: qui vs. quoi ‘what’, and the J’AVONS pattern (e.g. j’avons, je parlons. The interrogatives qui and quoi are both still widely attested in Louisiana French, though in different locales. We explore Byers’ (1988 hypothesis that their distribution can be attributed to settlement patterns of Acadians (quoi and 18th-century Creoles (qui. The J’AVONS pattern, though totally unattested today, is found in a dozen late 19th- and early 20th-century sources. Strikingly, though, most of these Louisiana attestations are not 1pl. but 1sg.We argue that this can be understood as a reanalysis of J’AVONS, precipitated by contact with non-J’AVONS dialects, prior to elimination of the form altogether, and contributing to the largely leveled verb paradigm one finds in Louisiana French today.

  17. Ces silences de la narration qui rapprochèrent Jean Giono et Juan Ramón Jiménez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Bonnet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to show how JeanGiono discovered a purity of writing inJuan Ramón Jiménez that he practicedhimself in his elliptical narratives. Thus,this purifying desire that both sought intheir writings would be one of the commonpoints that would persuade Jean Giono todo the film adaptation of Platero y yo.

  18. Changements de nom de marque : les différentes stratégies de mise en oeuvre et leur impact sur le consommateur

    OpenAIRE

    Isabelle Aimé; Michaël Korchia

    2014-01-01

    This work compares consumers’ attitude towards the brand names changes by analysing the brand representation evolution through three processes of changeovers: merging (co-branding between the initial and new brands), substitution (a new brand name with the initial brand identity kept) or rupture process (new brand name and identity). A before-after experimental design on two real brand changes shows that brand name substitution has a negative effect on brand evaluation and purchase intentions...

  19. Los rubios. Recherche sur les différents états de la mémoire et sur la reconstruction d’une identité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Mariasole Raimondi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Los rubios, Argentina, 2003. Réalisation : Albertina Carri. Interprètes : Analìa Couceyro, Albertina Carri. Durée : 89 min. Noir & blanc et couleurs. Langue espagnole. Introduction Mélange de souvenirs, d’anecdotes, de fragments et d’imagination. Los rubios [trad. Les Blonds] ne se présente pas comme un film de dénonciation ou comme un documentaire historique sur les detenidos-desparecidos. Dans ce film, Albertina Carri propose plutôt sa vision personnelle sur la disparition de ses parents. L...

  20. Social basis for solar cells on rented houses. Decision making in the PV-project in Heerhugowaard and the experiences of residents and neighbours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Van Mierlo, B.; Van Roekel, A.; Westra, C.

    1994-11-01

    At the end of ten solar homes were officially opened in the newly built area Butterhuizen in Heerhugowaard, Netherlands. Those houses are provided with grid-connected solar cell systems on the roof to generate electricity that is supplied to the grid. The solar panels are owned by the regional energy utility (PEN) and allowed by the renter of the dwellings. In this report of the demonstration project three years of experiences and opinions of organizations and residents, involved in the project, are evaluated. The results give a first indication of the chances and constraints to apply solar cells in the housing construction in the Netherlands. 4 figs., 3 ills., 17 tabs., 13 refs., 3 appendices

  1. Efficacité de différentes surfaces de séchage pour poissons Stolothrissa tanganicae et Limnothrissa miodon au Burundi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert, V.

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Efficiency of different drying areas for fishes Stolothrissa tanganicae and Limnothrissa miodon in Burundi. The length of conservation of the fish called Ndagala in Burundi is very short because of an inefficient drying. Several drying area have been tested. The best one is the road asphalt. After drying on this surface it is possible to keep the fish twice longer than with the systems that are already installed in Burundi.

  2. Dokumentation der Diskussionsbeiträge auf dem Workshop des DIW Berlin zum Thema "Riester-Rente - Grundlegende Reform dringend geboten!?": [Online-Artikel

    OpenAIRE

    Kornelia Hagen

    2012-01-01

    Dokumentiert wird der Austausch über das Riester-Sparen, der auf dem Workshop des DIW Berlin stattfand. Teilnehmer dieser Veranstaltung waren Wissenschaftler sowie Vertreter aus Wirtschaft und Politik. Die Gespräche fanden entlang von Vorträgen statt. Kontrovers diskutiert wurde über die Förderung, über Auswirkungen der Freiwilligkeit und eines Obligatoriums der privaten Altersvorsorge, über die Akzeptanz des Riester-Sparens unter Geringverdienern, die Transparenz, Kalkulation und Rendite der...

  3. Comportement des plants issus de différents modes de propagation du coïx (Coïx lacryma-Jobi L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naku Mbumba, MD.

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available The influence of propagating material on growth and production of Job's tears plants. It was found from this work that Job's tears plants grown from different propagation methods have different growth characteristics. Seedlings develop more uniformly from season to season, are more drought resistant and less susceptible to stem borers, than plants propagated by vegetative means. namely suckers and cuttings. Furthermore, seed production is higher with seedlings than with vegetatively propagated plants, while the reverse is true for forage production.

  4. Violence in Venezuela: oil rent and political crisis Violência na Venezuela: renda petroleira e crise política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Briceño-León

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the changes in violence in Venezuela during the last forty years. It links the ups and downs of the oil revenues and the political crisis of the country to the changes in the homicide rates, which increased from 7 per 100 thousand inhabitants in 1970 to 12 in 1990, 19 in 1998 and 50 in 2003. The article characterizes Venezuela as a rentist society and shows its trajectory from rural violence to the beginning of urban violence, the guerilla movements of the 60s, the delinquent violence related to the abundance of oil revenues and the violence during the popular revolt and the sackings of 1989 in Caracas. After this, we analyze the coups d'état of 1992 and the influence the political violence exerted upon criminal violence. We describe the political and party changes in the country, their influence upon the stabilization of homicide rates since the mid-90s and their remarkable increase during the H. Chávez government. The article finishes with an analysis of the current situation, the official prohibition to publish statistics on homicides and with some thoughts about the perspective of greater violence in Venezuela.O presente artigo analisa as mudanças na violência ocorridas na Venezuela nos últimos quarenta anos, relacionadas com os altos e baixos da renda petroleira e com a crise política no país, fatos que contribuíram para um aumento nas taxas de homicídios: de 7 por cada cem mil habitantes em 1970 a 12 em 1990, 19 em 1998 e 50 no ano de 2003. O artigo caracteriza a Venezuela como sociedade rentista e, a partir daí, faz uma retrospecção cobrindo desde a violência rural até os inícios da violência urbana, o movimento guerrilheiro dos anos sessenta, a criminalidade resultando da abundância dos recursos petroleiros e a violência em decorrência da revolta popular e dos saques ocorridos em 1989 em Caracas. Em seguida são analisados os golpes de Estado de 1992 e o impacto que a violência política exerceu sobre a violência criminal. Descrevemos as mudanças políticas e partidárias no país e sua influência sobre a estabilização das taxas de homicídios em meados dos anos noventa, assim como, seu considerável aumento durante o governo Chávez. O artigo conclui com uma análise da situação atual, fala sobre a proibição de publicar dados estatísticos sobre homicídios e faz uma reflexão sobre a perspectiva de ainda mais violência na Venezuela.

  5. “It’s like we’re just renting over here”: The Pervasive Experiences of Discrimination of Filipino Immigrant Youth Gang Members in Hawai’i

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Su Yeong; Benner, Aprile D.; Takushi, Rena Mae Nalani; Ongbongan, Kathleen; Dennerlein, Donna; Spencer, Deborah K.

    2009-01-01

    Researchers, service providers, and policymakers must uncover and better understand the issues facing youths in Asian gangs in order to most effectively intervene with appropriate policies and programs. The present investigation sampled young male Filipino gang members in Hawai’i. Thematic analyses of the focus group data challenge the commonly held view of racial harmony in Hawai’i. It appears that racial and social discrimination from peers and authority figures propel Filipino boys to seek out gang membership as a way to protect themselves from being targets of oppression. PMID:19946383

  6. Planned and emergent change in small firms; a cross-sectional study : Presented at the 26TH RENT conference, Lyon, November, 2012

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brand, M.J.; de Haan, Johan; Vos, J.F.J.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the employment of four change strategies within SMEs (empirical-rational, normative re-educative, power-coercive, and emergent change strategy) and in what way this is determined by the impact of the change project and the firm’s orientation. In two waves, through a

  7. Le vote éthique dans différents contextes de démocratie: une contribution a la Nouvelle Economie Politique'.

    OpenAIRE

    Valfort , Marie-Anne

    2007-01-01

    The New Political Economy1 is based on the postulate of homo politicus that Downs (1957) presents as the clone of homo oeconomicus, a rational agent mo- tivated by the maximisation of his material self-interest. Goodin and Roberts (1975) were the first to propose an alternative to the homo politicus postulate by introducing the notion of ‘ethical voter' 2. The ‘ethical voter' describes a rational agent who is not only motivated by the maximisation of his short term material self-interest but a...

  8. Prédétermination des débits de crue par différentes méthodes. Cas ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Browse By Category · Browse Alphabetically · Browse By Country · List All Titles · Free To Read Titles This Journal is Open Access. Featuring journals from 32 Countries: Algeria (5); Benin (2); Botswana (3); Burkina Faso (3); Cameroon (8); Congo, Republic (1); Côte d'Ivoire (4); Egypt, Arab Rep. (14); Eritrea (1); Ethiopia (30) ...

  9. Comparaison de différentes associations d'anticoagulants sur les numérations plaquettaires et la formation d'agrégats chez le chat

    OpenAIRE

    Charru, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    Chez le chat, l'hémogramme est un examen complémentaire parfois difficile à interpréter aux vues des nombreuses difficultés d'ordre pré-analytique et analytique potentielle. Parmi elles, on retiendra la forte tendance des plaquettes à s'agréger in vitro, surtout sur EDTA-dépendante, une nouvelle molécule antiagrégante a montré son intérêt : le CTAD (Citrate, Théophylline, Adénosine et Dipyridamole). Dans notre étude, l'utilisation de l'association EDTA et CTAD chez 46 chats sains, en éliminan...

  10. Écologie des stomoxes (Diptera : Muscidae au Gabon. I – Premier inventaire dans différentes zones écologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mavoungou J.F.

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Les stomoxes (Stomoxys spp. sont des diptères hématophages, vecteurs potentiels de divers agents pathogènes. Comme ceux de la région afrotropicale en général, les stomoxes du Gabon demeurent mal connus. Pour ces raisons, une enquête entomologique a été conduite de façon transversale dans huit localités représentatives des diverses zones écologiques du Gabon. L’enquête est basée sur l’utilisation de pièges Vavoua. Divers facteurs environnementaux pouvant influer sur les captures ont été relevés et inclus dans une analyse canonique des correspondances. Au total, 15 966 stomoxes, appartenant à sept espèces ou sous-espèces, ont été capturés. Les densités apparentes (DAP, exprimées en nombre de stomoxes par piège et par jour, sont importantes dans les localités de Franceville (41, Bakoumba (40, Makokou (25 et Mouila (21. Les espèces les plus abondantes sont Stomoxys n. niger (33,4 % de l’ensemble des captures, S. transvittatus (33 % puis S. calcitrans (17 %. Les principaux facteurs qui expliquent la variabilité des captures sont le degré d’anthropisation du milieu, le faciès botanique (savane ou forêt, la présence de la faune sauvage et domestique et la nature de la couverture végétale du sol. S. calcitrans et S. n. niger sont abondants dans les zones où la présence humaine est manifeste. S. xanthomelas est inféodé aux zones forestières. S. transvittatus, S. omega, et S. inornatus sont des espèces ubiquistes. S. niger bilineatus se retrouve dans les zones de savane.

  11. Pārskatu ģenerēšanas bibliotēka Python valodai

    OpenAIRE

    Paltovs, Deniss

    2012-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba pamatā ir pārskatu ģenerēšanas bibliotēka Python valodai - PythonReports, kura ļauj Python izstrādātajiem no datiem un šablona izveidot izdruku uz ekrāna vai printera. Gala produkts ir vizuālais redaktors, kurš ļauj ērti un uzskatāmi veidot un rediģēt PythonReports šablonus, izmantojot mūsdienu lietotāju saskarnes tehnoloģijas operētājsistēmās ar grafisku lietotāja saskarni. Kvalifikācijas darbs balstās uz iepriekšējo pieredzi, iegūto izmantojot līdzīgus rīkus citās sist...

  12. Etude technico-économique de la production d'hydrogène à partir de l'électrolyse haute température pour différentes sources d'énergie thermique

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera-Tinoco , Rodrigo

    2009-01-01

    This work focus on the techno-economic study of massive hydrogen production by the High Temperature Electrolysis (HTE) process and also deals with the possibility of producing the steam needed in the process by using different thermal energy sources. Among several sources, those retained in this study are the biomass and domestic waste incineration units, as well as two nuclear reactors (European Pressurised water Reactor - EPR and Sodium Fast Reactor - SFR). Firstly, the technical evaluation...

  13. Elaboration par différents procédés de pulvérisation et caractérisation de mono et multi-couches minces de carbure de bore et de carbonitrure de bore

    OpenAIRE

    Tavsanoglu , Tolga

    2009-01-01

    Thèse en cotutelle avec L'Institute of Science and Technology, Istanbul Teknik Universitesi (Turquie); Over the last 30 years there has been a great deal of interest in the research of hard and wear resistant coatings. There exist ceramic thin films for industrial applications such as cutting tools, automobile and machine part including TiN, TiAlN, TiC, SiC, WC as examples. However, increasing technological and industrial demands request thin films with more advanced properties. For this purp...

  14. L'introduction d'espèces allochtones de grenouilles vertes en France, deux problèmes différents : celui de R. Catesbeiana et celui des taxons non présents du complexe Esculenta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NEVEU A.

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Depuis quelques années, la grenouille taureau (Rana catesbeiana est signalée en France dans une zone limitée de gravières près de Bordeaux. Elle est aussi présente depuis peu aux Pays-Bas et, dans les deux cas, la reproduction est effective. Cette espèce existe déjà en Europe depuis les années 30, à la suite d'introductions volontaires en Italie, sans pour cela avoir été signalée dans la partie ouest. La grenouille taureau est la plus grande des espèces nord-américaines et est considérée comme un prédateur éclectique. De ce fait, elle peut présenter un danger pour d'autres animaux, en particulier les grenouilles autochtones. Mais aucune donnée ne permet d'estimer cet éventuel impact en France et les données de la littérature ont souvent surestimé ce dernier. Par précaution, des mesures pourraient être prises pour réduire les populations actuelles présentes dans une aire pour le moment limitée. Les importations de grenouilles vivantes pour la consommation humaine, surtout à partir des pays du sud de l'Europe, sont l'occasion d'introductions de nouveaux taxons. Mais ces grenouilles font partie du même complexe et sont proches sur le plan morphologique, biologique et écologique. Les risques potentiels pour les populations locales sont les introductions de gènes, mais en ce qui concerne un éventuel avantage compétitif aucune donnée ne permet de conclure.

  15. Incorporation des sables concassés à différents taux de fillers dans la composition des bétons à très hautes performances : Comportement mécanique et Durabilité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Chiheb

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Chiheb, D., Belaoura, M., Oudjit, M.N. and Bali, A. 2016. Incorporation of crushed sand at different rates of fillers in the composition of concretes with very high performances: mechanical behavior and durability. Lebanese Science Journal, 17 (2: 146-165. This study focuses on the characterization of concretes Very High Performance comparing crushed sand to high levels of fine limestone available in large quantities in Algeria as an alternative resource to rolled sand. The parameters studied were the sand substitution rate to roll crushed sands, and the dosage of silica fume, cement and superplasticizer. Several tests were performed such as mechanical strength, shrinkage and a sustainability study to identify the mechanisms that govern the behavior of these new concretes. The results showed that the crushed sand is a very promising material; it opens up great horizons to optimize VHPC in Algeria, since it provides good compactness, better mechanical performance, very good different behavior and excellent sustainability indicators when combined with rolled sand.

  16. Interaction entre le fumier enrichi, le calcaire et les différentes sources de phosphore issues de la roche phosphatée de Matongo sur un ferralsol de la région du Bututsi (Burundi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rwigema, JB.

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Interaction between enriched farmyard manure with fertilizers, lime and different phosphorus sources obtained from the phosphatic rock from Matongo on a ferralitic soil from the region of Bututsi (Burundi. This study on maize growing in pots shows that (i in combination with other inputs (farmyard manure and lime, the most soluble phosphorus sources (triple and simple superphosphate can be replaced by partially acidulated rock phosphate (50 % obtained by mixing simple superphosphate and rock phosphate both originating from the rock phosphate deposits in Matongo (Burundi, (ii the exchangeable Al can be reduced by both the addition of farmyard manure and lime, but the action of the different phosphorus 'source leave the most Bray-1 extractable phosphorus in the soil, the largest quantifies correspond to the highest doses of farmyard manure.

  17. Situation de la cercosporiose noire des bananiers et plantains Musa spp. sous différents systèmes de culture à Yangambi, Haut-Zaïre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mobambo, KN.

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Black sigatoka situation of bananas and plantains Musa spp. under different farming systems at Yangambi, Upper-Zaire. Black sigatoka, a leaf spot disease, caused by Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet seems to be one of the major constraints in the banana and plantain production in Upper-Zaire. Indeed, a survey study undertaken at Yangambi on 12 plantain and 4 banana cultivars revealed that all the observed cultivars were attacked with an exception of banana "Yangambikm 5" which was tolerant. In otherhand, significant differences were observed between bananas and plantains cultivated in fields and those planted in backyards. The regular application of organic matter in backyard farms seems to be one of the major reasons of those differences.

  18. Les comportements vis-à-vis de la fraude fiscale et de la fraude sociale diffèrent-ils ? Une expérience menée en Belgique, en France et aux Pays-Bas

    OpenAIRE

    Pestieau, Pierre; Lefebvre, Mathieu; Riedl, Arno; Villeval, Marie Claire

    2013-01-01

    En période de crise économique, les besoins de l’État augmentent et l’assiette fiscale se réduit. Il est alors courant de voir resurgir dans le débat public la lutte contre les diverses formes de fraude qui réduisent les recettes publiques. Dans ce contexte, on oppose régulièrement fraude fiscale à fraude sociale et la discussion porte souvent sur l’importance relative de l’une et de l’autre. On entend par fraude fiscale le détournement illégal d’un système fiscal afin de ne pas ...

  19. L’organisation des curricula d’éducation technologique dans différents pays européens : approche comparative et impact du point de vue du genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COLETTE ANDREUCCI

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Girls are moving to technology education and careers less than boys. This paper attempts to summarize the inputs provided on the question of the relationship between gender and cur-riculum and gender-class practices within the European project UPADTE (Understanding and Providing a Developmental Approach to Technology Education. It focuses on two as-pects: a description of the organization and content prescribed for different levels in different countries (Austria, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, Scotland, Spain and a description of what emerges from the most significant elements contained in the case studies proposed to promote the development of education technology which encourages girls.

  20. Les différentes échelles de l’espace de la villégiature balnéaire : l’exemple de la côte d’Emeraude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Barbedor

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Figure 1Extrait de : France. Inventaire général des monuments et des richesses artistiques de la France. Service régional de Bretagne. La côte d’Emeraude. La villégiature balnéaire autour de Dinard et Saint-Malo. Réd. I. Barbedor, G. Delignon, V. Orain, J.-J. Rioult. Editions du patrimoine, 2001. (coll. Cahiers du Patrimoine, n° 60. Page de couverture. Dinard, villa Greystones, le porte-à-faux du grand salon. Michel Roux-Spitz architecte. 1938-1950Cliché Inventaire général, Guy Artur et Norb...

  1. Framework for consistent traffic and accident statistical data bases = Cadre pour des bases de données statistiques cohérentes sur la circulation et les accidents.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    OECD Scientific Expert Group T8

    1988-01-01

    The OECD Road Transport Research Scientific Expert Group T8 "Framework for Consistent Traffic and Accident Statistical Data Bases" was confronted with the old problem of the inconsistency of data between countries, and the lack of some data altogether, especially traffic data for use as a measure of

  2. Etude de l'arrière-effet de l'enfouissement de différentes substances organiques en vue de l'amélioration de sols ferrugineux dégradés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mallouhi, N.

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Study of the backward effect of the burying of different organic substances with a view to the improvement of degraded ferruginous soils. With the help of a se ries of incubation in vitro, we have proved, the weak of a peat and the "starter" effect of poultry droppings mixed with this peat. Trials in the open fields allowed us to study the interaction between peat and other substances biologically more active namely poultry droppings, groundnut-tops and horse manure. The first year of the experimentation, the results showed the depressive action of the peat on account of the increase of the reorganization of nitrogen andphosphorous. Nevertheless, the results of the following rainy season (1987 (Study of backward effect show the disappearance of the depressive effect of the peat. As a matter of tact we have noticed no important difference between the treatments enriched by only falling substances (droppings and tops and those enriched by a mixture (peat x tops. The results of the 1988 rainy season put the stress on the lasting quality of the residual effect of the peat, because the yield of the treatment (B enriched only by peat is placed at the same level as the yield after the contribution of groundnut-tops and it is significantly superior at the 5 % level to that of poultry droppings.

  3. Etudes comparatives de différents processus de séchage de fraise par air chaud, lyophilisation et autovaporisation instantanée : application à la préservation des contenus biologiques

    OpenAIRE

    Alonzo Macias , Maritza

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hot air drying (HAD), freeze-drying (FD) and swell drying (SD), which is a coupling of hot air drying to instant controlled pressure drop, (DIC) on the strawberry (Fragaria var. Camarosa) to compare and to contrast its quality in terms of drying and rehydration kinetics, bioactive compounds and its antioxidant activity, and texture parameters as crunchy and crispy features. The obtained results shown that SD method helped to reduce the dryin...

  4. Viabilité et développement végétatif des plantules de piment (Capsicum annuum L. suivant différents matériels de conditionnement des semences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youmbi, E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Germination and Seedling Development from Pepper (Capsicum annuum L. Seeds following Storage in Different Packaging Materials. A study on the germination and seedling development from pepper (Capsicum annuum L. seeds following storage in different packaging materials was carried out at the Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD, Njombe Multipurpose Research Station in Cameroon. Germination tests were conducted at 30 days intervals during 24 weeks of seed conservation in the laboratory at ambient temperature. Seeds were prepared from 4 pepper varieties (Safi, Big sun, Thailande and Local and stored in 5 packaging materials (glass vial, plastic vial, laminated aluminium foil packet, paper and plastic envelope. The experiment was laid out in a 4 x 5 factorial design (4 varieties of pepper x 5 packaging materials making 20 treatments in 5 replications. At each germination test, germinated seeds were counted everyday during 15 days. To estimate seedling development, 5 seedlings from each pepper variety issued from each packaging material was grown during each germination test in a polythene bag filled with local topsoil. Each sample was repeated 10 times. Thirty days after sowing, observations were made on seedling development parameters. The results obtained show that germination rate is higher immediately after seed preparation for all pepper varieties. Thereafter germination rate declines slowly when seeds are stored in laminated aluminium foil packets and rapidly when they are stored in paper and polythene envelopes. The other packaging materials occupy intermediary positions. Also, seedlings issued from seeds stored in laminated aluminium foil packets are more vigorous than those issued from seeds stored in paper and polythene envelopes during seed conservation period (6 months. The rapid loss of viability in pepper seeds stored in the two last packaging materials could be attributed to their permeability to air and humidity which accelerates seed ageing and deterioration.

  5. A Formalism for the Consistent Description of Non-Linear Elasticity of Anisotropic Media Formalisme pour une description cohérente de l'élasticité non linéaire des milieux anisotropes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helbig K.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The propagation of elastic waves is generally treated under four assumptions: - that the medium is isotropic,- that the medium is homogeneous, - that there is a one-to-one relationship between stress and strain, - that stresses are linearly related to strains (equivalently, that strains are linearly related to stresses. Real media generally violate at least some-and often all-of these assumptions. A valid theoretical description of wave propagation in real media thus depends on the qualitative and quantitative description of the relevant inhomogeneity, anisotropy, and non-linearity: one either has to assume (or show that the deviation from the assumption can - for the problem at hand - be neglected, or develop a theoretical description that is valid even under the deviation. While the effect of a single deviation from the ideal state is rather well understood, difficulties arise in the combination of several such deviations. Non-linear elasticity of anisotropic (triclinic rock samples has been reported, e. g. by P. Rasolofosaon and H. Yin at the 6th IWSA in Trondheim (Rasolofosaon and Yin, 1996. Non-linear anisotropic elasticity matters only for non-infinitesimalamplitudes, i. e. , at least in the vicinity of the source. How large this vicinity is depends on the accuracy of observation and interpretation one tries to maintain, on the source intensity, and on the level of non-linearity. This paper is concerned with the last aspect, i. e. , with the meaning of the numbers beyond the fact that they are the results of measurements. As a measure of the non-linearity of the material, one can use the strain level at which the effective stiffness tensor deviates significantly from the zero-strain stiffness tensor. Particularly useful for this evaluation is the eigensystem (six eigenstiffnesses and six eigenstrains of the stiffness tensor : the eigenstrains provide suitable strain typesfor the calculation of the effective stiffness tensor, and the deviation can be expressed by the relative change of the eigenstiffnesses and by the variation in the direction of the eigenstrains (expressed as vectors in six-dimensional strain space. The suggested procedure is applied to the two materials discussed by Rasolofosaon and Yin (1996. The results allow a heuristic evaluation of the meaning of the reference strain , the square root of the ratio of the norms of the fourth-rank and sixth-rank stiffness tensors. It is stressed that this is not a new theory of non-linearity, but only a different way of viewing the existing theory and results. La propagation des ondes élastiques est généralement traitée sous quatre hypothèses : - le milieu est isotrope, - le milieu est homogène, - il y a une relation biunivoque entre la tension et la déformation, - les tensions sont reliées d'une façon linéaire aux déformations (et de manière équivalente, les déformations sont reliées d'une façon linéaire aux tensions. En général au moins une de ces hypothèses - et souvent toutes - n'est pas vérifiée dans les milieux réels. Une description théorique valide de la propagation des ondes dans les milieux réels dépend ainsi de la description à la fois qualitative et quantitative de l'hétérogénéité, de l'anisotropie et de la non-linéarité : soit on doit supposer (ou montrer que l'écart par rapport à l'hypothèse de départ peut être - pour le problème considéré - négligé, soit on doit développer une description théorique, valide même en présence de ces écarts. Alors que l'effet d'un seul écart par rapport à un état idéal est relativement bien connu, les difficultés surviennent quand on veut combiner plusieurs de ces écarts. Les propriétés élastiques non linéaires d'échantillons de roche anisotropes (tricliniques ont été étudiées, par P. Rasolofosaon et H. Yin au 6e IWSA à Trondheim (Rasolofosaon et Yin, 1996. L'élasticité anisotrope non linéaire est importante seulement pour les amplitudes non infinitésimales , c'est-à-dire dans un certain voisinage de la source. L'étendue de ce voisinage dépend de la précision de l'observation et de l'interprétation que l'on tente de maintenir, de l'intensité de la source, et du degré de non-linéarité. Cet article traite du dernier aspect, c'est-à-dire de la signification des nombres au-delà du fait qu'ils sont le résultat de mesures. Pour la mesure de la non-linéarité des matériaux, on peut utiliser le seuil de déformation au niveau duquel le tenseur de rigidité effective s'écarte sensiblement du tenseur de rigidité à déformation nulle. Il est particulièrement utile de prendre en compte le système propre du tenseur de rigidité (six rigidités propres et six déformations propres : les déformations propres fournissent des types de déformationadaptés au calcul du tenseur de rigidité effective, et la perturbation peut être exprimée par le changement relatif des rigidités propres et par la variation des directions propres associées aux déformations propres (exprimées en tant que vecteurs dans un espace à six dimensions. La méthode suggérée est appliquée aux deux matériaux étudiés par Rasolofosaon et Yin (1996. Les résultats permettent une évaluation heuristique de la signification de la déformation de référence , définie comme la racine carrée du rapport des normes des tenseurs de rigidité du quatrième et du sixième rang. Il est à signaler qu'il ne s'agit pas d'une nouvelle théorie de la non-linéarité, mais d'une nouvelle approche de la théorie existante et des résultats.

  6. A tenant's lot: on paying the rent or facing the prospect of eviction - a response to Bazerman O quinhão do inquilino: pagar o aluguel ou enfrentar a perspectiva de despejo - uma resposta ao Bazerman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanavillil Rajagopalan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bazerman's point (cf. Bazerman, this issue of RBLA that the whole notion of plagiarism is beset with a fundamental, conceptual paradox is argued to be absolutely right as far as it goes but is shown to be only one of a plethora of inter-related paradoxes that plague the entire conceptual field. On the one hand, this makes plagiarism a concept (if at all it is one! so very difficult to grapple with and particular cases of alleged plagiarism next to impossible to pin down with any amount of clarity or hundred per cent certainty. But on the other hand, it is perfectly reasonable to continue viewing the issue of plagiarism as an ethical one though not necessarily a moral imperative.O ponto de vista de Bazerman (cf. Bazerman, nesta edição da RBLA de que a noção de plágio é cercada de um paradoxo conceitual, fundamental está absolutamente correto até certa medida, mas isso é apenas um de uma multiplicidade de paradoxos inter-relacionados que infestam todo o campo conceitual. Por um lado, isso faz do plágio um conceito (se é que poderíamos considerá-lo assim! muito difícil de lidar, com casos particulares de suposto plágio quase impossíveis de serem identificados com clareza ou absoluta certeza. Mas, por outro lado, é perfeitamente razoável continuar a ver a questão do plágio como uma questão ética, embora não necessariamente um imperativo moral.

  7. Présentation des phénomènes de corrosion et des différents moyens de lutte disponibles. Description of Corrosion Phenomena and Different Ways of Combating Them.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crolet J. L.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article donne une présentation générale des phénomènes de corrosion des matériaux métalliques. II s'attache à montrer comment les moyens de lutte contre la corrosion découlent très naturellement de la bonne compréhension de ces phénomènes.Les aspects électrochimiques, indispensables pour cette compréhension, sont présentés de manière aussi directe et brève que possible. Les divers modes de résistance à la corrosion sont décrits, qu'il s'agisse de modes a naturels » comme l'inertie chimique, la passivité, la pseudo-passivité ou les couches de patine, ou bien encore de modes a provoqués » comme le contrôle du milieu corrosif, l'inhibition, la protection cathodique ou la protection par revêtement.Enfin, les principales interactions entre effets mécaniques et corrosion sont abordées, et en particulier l'érosion-corrosion et la fragilisation par H.S. Des conjugaisons de phénomènes comme la corrosion galvanique, la corrosion inter-granulaire, la corrosion bactérienne sont également présentées. This article gives a general description of corrosion phenomena affecting metallic materials. It attempts ta show how corrosion control and prevention methods quite naturally require a good understanding of these phenomena.The electrochemical aspects indispensable for this understanding are described as directly and briefly as possible.Various types of corrosion resistance are described, whether concerning a natural » types such as chemical inertia, passivity, pseudo-passivity or patina loyers, or else c induced types » such as contrat of the corrosive medium, inhibition, cathodic protec-tion or protection by coating.The principal` interactions between mechanical effects and corrosion are taken up, and especially erosion corrosion and H2S embrittlement. Combinations of pheno-mena are also described, such as galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion and bacterial corrosion.

  8. Le tritium de l'écosystème à l'homme : Etude des mécanismes et des constantes qui régissent les équilibres et les différentes voies de transfert

    OpenAIRE

    Le Goff , Pierre ,

    2013-01-01

    Tritium is the radioactive isotope of hydrogen. It can be integrated in most of the biological molecules.Even if its radiotoxicity is weak, effects of tritium could be increased if it can concentrate in somecritical compartments of beings. In order to better understand the tritium circulation in the environment and highlight constants of transfer between compartments, we have studied the tritiationof different agricultural matrices chronically exposed to tritium. The first step of our study i...

  9. Le tritium de l'Ecosystème à l'Homme - Etude des mécanismes et des constantes qui régissent les équilibres et différentes voies de transfert

    OpenAIRE

    Le Goff , Pierre

    2013-01-01

    Tritium is the radioactive isotope of hydrogen. It can be integrated in most of the biological molecules. Even if its radiotoxicity is weak, effects of tritium could be increased if it can concentrate in some critical compartments of beings. In order to better understand the tritium circulation in the environment and highlight constants of transfer between compartments, we have studied the tritiation of different agricultural matrices chronically exposed to tritium. The first step of our stud...

  10. Influence de différents traitements de prégermination des graines de Vigna unguiculata (L. Walp. sur les performances germinatives et la tolérance au stress hydrique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boucelha, L.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Influence of different pre-germination treatments of Vigna unguiculata (L. Walp. seeds on germination performance and water stress tolerance. Description of the subject. Priming or hardening is a pregermination treatment. This treatment consists of incorporating an osmotic seed treatment (osmopriming or a hormonal (hormopriming and/or a redehydration (hydropriming treatment. The approach allows the elimination of dormancy, homogenization (synchronization of germination, better growth, earlier flowering and a tolerance to abiotic stresses such as drought and salinity. In this kind of treatment, the seed is soaked and then dehydrated before radicle breakthrough, i.e. during the reversible phase of germination. Thus, the seed can return to its initial stage without any damage. Objectives. In this paper, we aimed to study the consequences of hydropriming and osmopriming (by PEG6000 at 10 and 30% on cowpea seeds (Vigna unguiculata, on germination performance and on the water stress tolerance of plants from these seeds. Method. Vigna unguiculata seeds were hydroprimed, hydroprimed twice or osmoprimed (with PEG6000 10 and 30%. For each treatment, germination performance (germination capacity, speed and the water stress tolerance of the plants were studied. Results. Results showed that increased hardness of the seed allowed a faster, more uniform germination and better growth of both the radicle and aerial parts. We also demonstrated that a double redehydration was more effective in improving these parameters. Conclusions. Application of these pretreatments, adapted according to the plant species, will has the capacity to improve seed germination and crop yield, as well as tolerance to water deficit.

  11. Les différentes modalités d'accompagnement au retour à domicile permettent-elles de répondre aux attentes des patientes en Post-partum ?

    OpenAIRE

    Arsac, Lucie

    2015-01-01

    Mothers, newborns and couples are in an important vulnerability during the post-natal period. They have a multitudes of needs. A relay at home is frequently setting up in order to complete the post-natal support. Do the accompaniement at home return succeed in answering the patient expectations and needs ? Patients with a post-natal home support organized were recruited in the maternity ward. A survey was sent a month later by e-mail. They were asked about their life conditions, the course of...

  12. Observations préliminaires sur la répartition et les fluctuations de l'ichtyomasse exploitable dans les différentes zones écologiques du lac Ihema (bassin moyen de l'Akagera, Rwanda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mughanda, M.

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Preliminary considerations on distribution and changes in fishable ichtyomass in the ecological areas of lake Ihema (Akagera middle, Foodplain, Rwanda. Since 1981, commercial fishing is accomplished in lake Ihema with gillnets of 50 mm meshes and a mean of 175 tons of fish was caught per year during the first three years. Simultaneously, experimental fishing was introduced since 1982, for which ten gillnets of different meshes are used. Fishes of the two general Tilapia and Clarias are captured in commercial fishing, but in experimental one, about ten taxons of fish are caught. For this paper, we examined statistics obtained from experimental catches during 1982 and 1983. Apart from Tilapia and Clarias, small Cichlidae of Haplochromis group, two species of Mormyridae and Synodontis spp represent a potential which may be exploited with other kinds of gear. Concerning productiveness of fishing areas in lake Ihema, littoral zones (= inshore are more rich than pelagic (= offshore ones and the northern sector in which Akagera river enters the lake is the most productive. Species of fish are differently represented in ecological zones, following the kind of their food (planctonophagous, detritivorous or carnivorous and the places they can reproduce. Catches fluctuate monthly and annually probably because of natural changes in fish stock according to fluctuations of climatic conditions, but also because of increasing intensity of commercial fishing. For Tilapia, reduction in the quantity captured may also be due to introgressive hybridization and competition between T. macrochir, T. nilotica and their hybrids.

  13. 24 CFR 983.3 - PBV definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... enable a family to obtain decent housing in the PHA jurisdiction renting at a gross rent that is not more... payment to the owner for rent to owner under the family's lease minus the tenant rent; and (2) An... the voucher program. PHA-owned means that the PHA or its officers, employees, or agents hold a direct...

  14. 25 CFR 179.2 - What definitions do I need to know?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... Income means the rents and profits of real property and the interest on invested principal. Life estate... corpus, as opposed to the income. Rents and profits means the income or profit arising from the ownership...

  15. 24 CFR 203.42 - Rental properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES SINGLE... rented or offered for rent for transient or hotel purposes, as defined in § 203.16, so long as the...

  16. 78 FR 9307 - Tomatoes Grown in Florida; Decreased Assessment Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... salaries, $250,000 for research, $66,000 for office rent, and $48,000 for employee health insurance... research, $66,000 for office rent, and $48,000 for employee health insurance. Budgeted expenses for these...

  17. 43 CFR 429.4 - What types of uses are not subject to the requirements and processes established under this part?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for rent by the public; (3) Publicly available boat ramps; (4) Houseboats available for short-term rent by the public; (5) Stores and restaurants; (6) Employee housing; and (7) Rental cabins, hotels...

  18. 24 CFR 888.201 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT...

  19. 24 CFR 888.401 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL...

  20. 24 CFR 882.412 - Subcontracting of owner services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR... HUD approval, rents which exceed the appropriate Moderate Rehabilitation Fair Market Rent for a unit...

  1. 24 CFR 886.334 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE... Market Rent or the exception rent provided in § 886.310 in effect at the time of execution of the...

  2. 24 CFR 888.410 - Notice of eligibility requirements for retroactive payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., SECTION 202 DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811... MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Retroactive Housing Assistance Payments for...

  3. EFFECT OF V C NCY ON SHOPPING CENTRES' INVESTMENT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-01-12

    Jan 12, 2015 ... The paper examined the effect of vacancy rate on the rental returns of shopping centres ... the risk of rents not increasing appreciably ... relationship between vacancy rates and rent ... costs, heterogeneity of the housing stock,.

  4. 49 CFR 1242.42 - Administration, repair and maintenance, machinery repair, equipment damaged, dismantling retired...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... repair, equipment damaged, dismantling retired property, fringe benefits, other casualties and insurance, lease rentals, joint facility rents, other rents, depreciation, joint facility, repairs billed to others... maintenance, machinery repair, equipment damaged, dismantling retired property, fringe benefits, other...

  5. Social Housing in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig; Scanlon, Kath J

    2014-01-01

    Social housing is a cornerstone in the Danish welfare society and is accessible for all households. By law, social housing must be rented at cost rents, which are based on historical costs; rents do not respond to market forces. Social housing aims to provide good standard, secure and affordable...... as social initiatives in the existing stock....

  6. 24 CFR 982.515 - Family share: Family responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.515 Family share: Family responsibility. (a) The family share is calculated by subtracting the amount of the housing assistance payment from the gross rent. (b) The family rent to owner is...

  7. Social housing in Portugal and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia; Andersen, Hans Thor

    The social housing sector has become increasingly residualized and segregated in Portugal and Denmark. Whilst there is a considerable difference between the systems in these two countries, as regards issues of management and governance, dominant rent regimes (cost rent, social rent) or eligibility...

  8. 24 CFR 402.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...: affiliate, disabled family, elderly family, eligible project, HUD, MAHRA, owner, PAE, Restructuring Plan... in section 512 of MAHRA: expiration date, fair market rent, renewal, and tenant-based assistance. (c) Other defined terms. In this part, the term— Comparable market rents means rents determined in...

  9. 24 CFR 882.805 - HA application process, ACC execution, and pre-rehabilitation activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS, SECTION 202 DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM... (Initial contract rents), including the establishment of fair market rents for SRO units at 75 percent of the O-bedroom Moderate Rehabilitation Fair Market Rent, applies to this program, except as follows: (1...

  10. 24 CFR 982.4 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... Housing for elderly persons or persons with disabilities that meets the HQS for congregate housing. A... purchase of the home. Fair market rent (FMR). The rent, including the cost of utilities (except telephone... housing market area to rent privately owned, existing, decent, safe and sanitary rental housing of modest...

  11. High cost for drilling ships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hooghiemstra, J.

    2007-01-01

    Prices for the rent of a drilling ship are very high. Per day the rent is 1% of the price for building such a ship, and those prices have risen as well. Still, it is attractive for oil companies to rent a drilling ship [nl

  12. Adjustment in property space markets: taking long-term leases and transaction costs seriously

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Englund, P.; Gunnelin, Å.; Hendershott, P.H.; Söderberg, B.

    2008-01-01

    Markets for property space adjust only gradually because tenants and landlords are constrained by long-term leases and transaction and information costs. Not only do rents adjust slowly, but space occupancy, which depends on historical rents, often differs from demand at current rent. This creates

  13. Translating the extractive resources to economic growth and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This gives the continent both the potential for, and threat to, growth/development. Natural resources yield “rents,” or profits from their production, which are crucial for resource-led development. The literature on the “rentier state” and how resource rents interact with institutions and political economy dynamics shows that rent ...

  14. IRMES 2006 – ISTRAŽIVANJE I RAZVOJ MAŠINSKIH ELEMENATA I SISTEMA – prikaz naučno-stručnog skupa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlado P. Đurković

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available U organizaciji asocijacije za dizajn, elemente i konstrukcije, pod nazivom ADEKO 21. i 22. septembra na Mrakovici u Republici Srpskoj održano je međunarodno savetovanje IRMES 2006. Izvršni organizator bio je Mašinski fakultet iz Banje Luke, a pokrovitelj Ministarstvo nauke i tehnologije Republike Srpske. Pre održavanja samog skupa, kako je to već ustaljena praksa, štampan je zbornik radova na 428 stranica, čiji je redaktor dr Milosav Đurđević, docent na Mašinskom fakultetu Banja Luka, a predsednik Programskog odbora bio je dr Vojislav Miltenović, profesor na Mašinskom fakultetu u Nišu. U predgovoru zbornika konstatovano je da je u poslednjoj deceniji XX veka razvoj proizvodnog mašinstva bio usporen, a ponegde čak i zaustavljen. Ovakav tok razvoja posebno je prisutan u mašinogradnji i metalskoj industriji koje bitno utiču na intenzitet razvoja drugih privrednih grana, kao i obrazovanje stručnjaka svih profila u području proizvodnih tehnika i tehnologija. I pored takve situacije, u ovim privrednim granama ipak se obrazovanju kadrova i naučnoistraživačkom radu posvećuje dužna pažnja.

  15. La agricultura en la Amazonia ribereña del río Ucayali: ¿una zona productiva pero poco rentable? A agricultura ribeirinha Amazônica do rio Ucayali: uma zona produtiva mas pouco rentável?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Labarta

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available La riqueza de los suelos aluviales a lo largo de los ríos amazónicos permite altos rendimientos en los cultivos. En el Perú, esta característica ha sido sustento de propuestas que sugieren concentrar la agricultura amazónica en sus riberas. Sin embargo, la viabilidad económica de la agricultura ribereña sigue siendo desconocida. Este artículo usa un modelo agroeconómico y analiza la rentabilidad de la agricultura ribereña del río Ucayali en las cercanías de Pucallpa. Se da énfasis a la importancia de las distintas condiciones agronómicas y del mercadeo propias de la zona. Los resultados muestran que la rentabilidad de los sistemas agrícolas ribereños difiere con el tipo de tierra utilizado y con el carácter temporal o permanente de la actividad que realizan los agricultores. Además, la rentabilidad está condicionada a las variaciones propias de la agricultura ribereña, particularmente las inundaciones tempranas. Así los buenos rendimientos de sus suelos aluviales no garantizan la rentabilidad en todos sus cultivos y sistemas.A fertilidade dos solos aluviais ao longo dos rios da Amazônia resulta em altos rendimentos agrícolas. No Peru, esta característica tem levado à propostas de política que sugerem que se concentre a agricultura da Amazônia ao longo das costas dos rios. Contudo, a viabilidade econômica da agricultura ribeirinha é ainda desconhecida. O presente artigo usa um modelo agroeconômico para analisar a lucratividade deste tipo de agricultura no rio Ucayalinas proximidades de Pucallpa. Ênfase especial foi dada às condições de produção e comercialização na área. Os resultados mostram que a lucratividade dos sistemas de cultivo ribeirinhos variam de acordo com o tipo de solo em questão e a natureza temporal ou permanente das atividades dos agricultores. Ademais, esta lucratividade é condicionada pelas variações na agricultura ribeirinha, especialmente as enchentes prematuras dos rios. Deste modo, os bons rendimentos dos solos aluviais não garantem lucratividade para todas as culturas e sistemas de cultivo.

  16. Jeremy Rifkin, La troisième révolution industrielle. Comment le pouvoir latéral va transformer l’énergie, l’économie et le monde, Paris, Les Liens qui Libèrent, 2012, 414p.

    OpenAIRE

    Noé, Adam

    2013-01-01

    Certes, Jeremy Rifkin n’est pas aidé. « Prophète » pour les uns, « gourou » selon d’autres : difficile de croire que les qualificatifs qui lui sont ainsi destinés, parfois avec les meilleures intentions, ne soient pas, en d’autres milieux, empreints de connotations dépréciatives, fleurant bon la promotion de soi, le marketing médiatique et, pourquoi ne pas le dire, un certain charlatanisme. Il est vrai, Rifkin ne s’aide pas lui-même. Vraiment, a-t-on besoin d’anecdotes du genre : « La chancel...

  17. Studies in Petroleum Composition Development of a Compositional Map for Various Feedstocks Études concernant la composition du pétrole. Mise au point d'une carte de types de constituants appliquée à différentes charges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long R. B.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The composition of petroleum has been the subject of many studies leading to descriptions of petroleum composition in terms of broad generic fractions. The current work shows that petroleum can be described in terms of a mapthat is based upon specific boundaries of the constituent types. For example, an alternate method of describing petroleum composition is to use yields of properties of the various adsorption/elution fractions in the order of increasing polarity of the eluting solvent as a polarity scale. Such endeavors will ultimately lead to a more thorough understanding of composition and behavior as seen through the functional types within petroleum. La composition du pétrole a fait l'objet de nombreuses études permettant de la décrire au moyen de larges fractions génériques. La présente étude montre que la composition du pétrole peut être représentée par une cartebasée sur des frontières, spécifiques de types de constituants. Par exemple, une des méthodes pour décrire la composition du pétrole consiste à utiliser les rendements des propriétés de diverses fractions d'absorbtion/élution en fonction de leur polarité; l'échelle de polarité étant donnée par la polarité des solvants. De tels travaux conduiront finalement à une connaissance plus approfondie de la composition et du comportement du pétrole comme on l'a vu avec les diverses fonctions types dans le pétrole.

  18. L'exploitation de l'Okok (Gnetum Africanum) par les femmes au Caméroun: analyse sociologique de l'émergence d'une cueillette de rente et de ses implications socioéconomiques et environnementales dans la région forestière de Sa'A

    OpenAIRE

    Nlend V, George Boniface; Hainard, François

    2008-01-01

    Ce projet de recherche repose sur la préoccupation professionnelle de construire une problématique générale “Femmes, Environnement et Développement durable”. Son objectif est de créer les conditions structurelles d’une association efficace entre d’un côté les préoccupations de renforcement des capacités économiques et citoyennes des femmes, et de l’autre le souci de densifier l’univers des potentiels humains de viabilisation des écosystèmes et de conservation des ressources écologiques. A cet...

  19. dena refurbishment investigation. Pt. 1. Efficiency of energetic modernization in the inventory of rented apartments. Accompanying research according to the dena project: ''Existing low-energy house''; dena-Sanierungsstudie. T. 1. Wirtschaftlichkeit energetischer Modernisierung im Mietwohnungsbestand. Begleitforschung zum dena-Projekt ''Niedrigenergiehaus im Bestand''. Bericht 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Discher, Henning [Deutsche Energie-Agentur GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Hinz, Eberhard; Enseling, Andreas [Institut Wohnen und Umwelt GmbH (IWU), Darmstadt (Germany)

    2010-12-08

    Due to the world-wide increasing energy demand, the strongly varying energy prices and not at least due to the effects of the climate change, politics, economics and science face great challenges. Energy efficiency in the building sector plays an important role in the reduction of energy consumption. An energetic modernization of the existing buildings is crucial toward achieving the goals of climate protection. Nevertheless there still exist caveas toward energy-efficient building and refurbishment. For the future, market constraints must purposefully be reduced and the chances of energy-efficient refurbishments have to be used.

  20. Utilisation de produits organiques oxygénés comme carburants et combustibles dans les moteurs. Deuxième partie : Les différentes filières d'obtention des carburols. Analyse technico-économique Using Oxygenated Organic Products As Fuels in Engines. Part Two: Different Systems for Producing Alcohol Fuels. Technico-Economic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chauvel A.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Parmi les produits à même d'être substitués aux hydrocarbures pour la constitution des carburants, les composés organiques oxygénés occupent une place prépondérante à cause de leurs caractéristiques favorables à la combustion dans les moteurs, qu'ils soient employés purs ou mélangés (seuls ou à plusieurs aux hydrocarbures, constituants des carburants classiques. Dans cet article, ces composés oxygénés sont désignés sous le nom de carburols. Alors que l'objet de la première partie de l'étude a été d'examiner les conséquences techniques de l'emploi de ces produits sur les circuits de distribution et le fonctionnement des véhicules, il s'agit dans la présente partie d'analyser les caractéristiques technico-économiques de leur fabrication. En particulier, on y aborde successivement les points suivants : - disponibilités en matières premières : ressources fossiles et végétales ; - analyse technique des divers modes d'obtention - analyse économique ; - programmes nationaux. Among products that can be substituted for hydrocarbons for producing fuels, oxygenated organic compounds occupy a preponderant position because of their favorable characteristics for combustion in engines whether they are used in a pure form or in mixtures (alone or severally with hydrocarbons which are used to make up conventional fuels. In this article these oxygenated compounds are given the name carburols (alcohol fuels. Whereas the aim of Part 1 was to examine the technical consequences of using such products in distribution circuits and for vehicle operating, Part 2 is an analysis of the technico-economic aspects of manufacturing them. In particular, the following points are taken up successively: (a availabilities of raw materials. fossil and vegetebal resources; (b technical analysis of various production methods; (c economic analysis; (d national programs. Depending on the amounts involved, a distinction is made among alternative products with regard to alcohol fuels, i. e. among methanol, ethanol and butanol acetone systems and the oxygenated additives most often used as cosolvents or octane boosters (ethers such as MTBE and TAME, or alcohols such as TBA, other butanols, etc. . Different variants are also examined such as the simultaneous production of methanol and cosolvents, and the manufacturing of synthetic fuels (Fischer-Tropsch and Mobil processes. An economic comparison of these different alternatives reveals the advantages for France to produce (i methanol ex coal and lignocellulosic materials and eventually ex petroleum residues or natural gas, and (ii butanol-acetone by fermentation of vegetal material.

  1. Étude dans les états finals dileptoniques de différentes propriétés des paires top-antitop avec les détecteurs D0 et ATLAS; Study in the final states dileptoniques different properties of top-antitop pairs with D0 and ATLAS detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deterre, Cecile [Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France)

    2012-06-26

    Studies of different properties of the top-antitop pairs in dileptonique final state are presented in this thesis. Two analyzes were conducted in different experiments: one to D0 at the Tevatron, the other in ATLAS at LHC. Both colliders are different, the measures undertaken are complementary to the top of the properties of the study. The first analysis, conducted in the D0 experiment was to make simultaneous measurements of the cross section for production of pairs of top-antitop and branching ratio t -> Wb This was carried out in the channel with a dileptonique batch of data corresponding to a brightness of 5.4 fb⁻¹. It was then combined with the measurement made in the semileptonique channel to obtain an accuracy of 8% over the cross section, comparable to the accuracy of theoretical calculations. The second analysis presented, conducted in the ATLAS experiment was to measure the top quark charge asymmetry in dileptonique channel with the data set recorded by ATLAS in 2011, or 4.7 fb⁻¹. The results were then combined with the results of semileptonique channel obtained with 1 fb⁻¹. We measure: AC (ttbar) = 0.029 ± 0.018 (stat.) ± 0.014 (syst.), Which is compatible with the standard model prediction of 0.004 ±- 0.001.

  2. Experimental Investigation of the Asphaltene Deposition Process during Different Production Schemes Étude expérimentale du processus de dépôt d’asphaltènes au cours de différents modes de production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagheri M.B.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of asphaltene precipitation and deposition during lean gas injection, CO2 injection and natural depletion in reservoir conditions. In addition, the effect of variations in operating pressure, injection gas concentration and production rate on asphaltene precipitation and deposition were investigated. The severity of asphaltene deposition was found to be more pronounced in lean gas injection in comparison with CO2 injection and natural depletion. Increasing the flow rate in natural depletion experiments showed a considerable increase in asphaltene deposition, and consequently permeability reduction in the core matrix. Moreover, more asphaltene deposition was observed along the porous media in the gas injection experiments when the gas mol percent of the mixture was increased. Cet article présente les résultats d’une étude de la précipitation et du dépôt d’asphaltènes qui peuvent se produire lors d’une injection de gaz pauvre, d’une injection de CO2 ou d’une déplétion naturelle en conditions de réservoir. En outre, les effets de la pression de fonctionnement, de la concentration en gaz injecté et du débit de production sur la précipitation et le dépôt d’asphaltènes ont été étudiés. Il a été constaté que l’importance du dépôt d’asphaltènes est plus prononcée dans le cas d’une injection de gaz pauvre comparativement à une injection de CO2 ou à une déplétion naturelle. Une augmentation du débit au cours d’expériences de déplétion naturelle a montré un accroissement considérable du dépôt d’asphaltènes et, en conséquence, une réduction de perméabilité au sein de la matrice poreuse. Par ailleurs, un dépôt d’asphaltènes plus important a été observé au cours des expériences d’injection de gaz lorsque la concentration molaire gazeuse dans le mélange était augmentée.

  3. Analyse de Cycle de Vie appliquée à un chantier d'entretien routier sur la RN 76 Evaluation technique et environnementale d'une couche de liaison d'enrobé bitumineux pour différents taux de recyclage. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Jullien , Agnès; Moneron , Pierre; Ventura , Anne; Legret , Michel; Demare , Dominique; De La Roche , Chantal; Schemid , Michel; Lachet , Céline; Gaillard , David; Oudin , Jack; Jacques , Jean-Pierre; Odie , Lionel; Meriel , Bernard; Boittin , Régis; Cabannes , Hervé

    2006-01-01

    Le concept de développement durable amène à favoriser les pratiques de recyclage des déchets issus de la route. Cependant, la généralisation de ces pratiques amène des interrogations en matière de protection de l'environnement, nécessitant de conduire des évaluations techniques et environnementales couplées. La méthodologie normalisée d'analyse de cycle de vie (ACV) est adaptée à cette double approche. Une expérimentation a été réalisée en septembre 2001 sur la chaussée de la RN 76, en appliq...

  4. Analyse de Cycle de Vie appliquée à un chantier d'entretien routier sur la RN 76. Evaluation technique et environnementale d'une couche de liaison d'enrobé bitumineux pour différents taux de recyclage. Inventaire de Cycle de Vie de la couche de liaison

    OpenAIRE

    Jullien , Agnès; Moneron , Pierre; Ventura , Anne; Legret , Michel; Demare , Dominique; De La Roche , Chantal; Schemid , Michel; Lachet , Céline; Gaillard , David; Oudin , Jack; Jacques , Jean-Pierre; Odie , Lionel; Meriel , Bernard; Boittin , Régis; Cabannes , Hervé

    2006-01-01

    Le concept de développement durable amène à favoriser les pratiques de recyclage des déchets issus de la route. Cependant, la généralisation de ces pratiques amène des interrogations en matière de protection de l'environnement, nécessitant de conduire des évaluations techniques et environnementales couplées. La méthodologie normalisée d'analyse de cycle de vie (ACV) est adaptée à cette double approche. Une expérimentation a été réalisée en septembre 2001 sur la chaussée de la RN 76, en appliq...

  5. Analyse de Cycle de Vie appliquée à un chantier d'entretien routier sur la RN 76. Evaluation technique et environnementale d'une couche de liaison d'enrobé bitumineux pour différents taux de recyclage. Chapitre 2: Déroulement de l'étude

    OpenAIRE

    Jullien , Agnès; Moneron , Pierre; Ventura , Anne; Legret , Michel; Demare , Dominique; De La Roche , Chantal; Schemid , Michel; Lachet , Céline; Gaillard , David; Oudin , Jack; Jacques , Jean-Pierre; Odie , Lionel; Meriel , Bernard; Boittin , Régis; Cabannes , Hervé

    2006-01-01

    Le concept de développement durable amène à favoriser les pratiques de recyclage des déchets issus de la route. Cependant, la généralisation de ces pratiques amène des interrogations en matière de protection de l'environnement, nécessitant de conduire des évaluations techniques et environnementales couplées. La méthodologie normalisée d'analyse de cycle de vie (ACV) est adaptée à cette double approche. Une expérimentation a été réalisée en septembre 2001 sur la chaussée de la RN 76, en appliq...

  6. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy on Co-Cr-Mo alloy in two media simulating physiological liquid. Caractérisation par spectroscopie d'impédance électrochimique d'un alliage de Co-Cr-Mo dans différents milieux simulant le liquide physiologique.

    OpenAIRE

    Geringer , Jean; Normand , Bernard; Diemiaszonek , Robert; Alémany-Dumont , Catherine; Mary , Nicolas

    2007-01-01

    National audience; Co-Cr-Mo is an alloy which allows manufacturing orthopedic implants, especially hip total joint prostheses. This alloy has good tribological and biocompatibility properties. This work aims at studying electrochemical behavior of this alloy. Moreover, measurements reproductibility has been improved: polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Measurements have been carried out with phosphate buffered solution and this one containing albumin, 1 g.L-1. Three diffe...

  7. Evaluation de l'efficacité vis-à-vis du ruissellement de surface et des transferts latéraux dans le sol de différentes options de gestion utilisant (ou non) un couvert enherbé : Application en vue de limiter la contamination des eaux par les pesticides dans le contexte du Beaujolais viticole de coteaux

    OpenAIRE

    Gouy, V.; Peyrard, X.; Liger, L.

    2015-01-01

    / Cette étude apporte des éléments de réponse aux questions suivantes dans le contexte du Nord Beaujolais : - dans quelle mesure une zone tampon enherbée rivulaire recevant un ruissellement concentré de surface est-elle capable de réduire significativement le transfert des pesticides associés sans engendrer une contamination de nappe sous-jacente ? - dans quelle mesure une infiltration en amont en parcelle de vigne peut-elle contribuer à l'atténuation des transferts de pesticides ou engendrer...

  8. SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS PEMETAAN TEMPAT KOST BERBASIS WEB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandy Kosasi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The limited information of rented houses causes people tend not to have accurate relevant information; therefore, they do not know locations of rented houses with affordable cost, close work place, and educational institutions. The aim of research is to carry out a web-based geographic information system telling about the locations of rented houses in the District of North Pontianak. The information provided by Google Maps is to give convenience to the users in finding the locations of rented houses. The development of software engineering system method uses sequential or waterfall linear model. The creation of maps using online map is provided by Google Maps for free. The results of research shows the information about rented house locations and facilities used to change owners’ data. Through this website, visitors can search for information such as distance calculation they need to reach the rented houses, rental fees, public facilities, room size, number of occupants and other important information.

  9. Conventional Leasing vs Islamic Leasing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta ISAI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Leasing developed in time, from the simple form of renting to the modern modality of financial from nowadays, as an alternative for loan. It is present in the entire world, being used both by the financial specialized companies and banks, and the clients are companies and population. The object of leasing contract can be assets and also services, which are rented by the financier (lessor, on definite period, to the client (lessee, in exchange for a leasing rate (rent. The registering in accounting and the fiscal implications in the companies financial administration are different, according to the leasing form which they are using. The capitalist system has in view to obtain profit from renting, but the Islamic System, based on Șaria, forbids renting “haram” assets and services, obtaining interest from renting and using the leasing contract for the transfer of the property.

  10. A NOTE ON FRANCHISING AND WAGE BARGAINING

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Grandner

    2004-01-01

    A franchise contract relocates distributable rent between franchisor and franchisee. With decentralized wage bargaining this modifies the position of the union in wage bargaining. If the rent is relocated to the franchisor completely, then even a strong union is not able to raise the wage above reservation level in the franchisee's firm. If franchisor and franchisee negotiate on rent division, there is an incentive to increase franchise fee with the consequence that franchisee's wage is pushe...

  11. Kriser der dræber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stahl, Rune Møller; Ditlevsen, Kia

    2014-01-01

    Vi er vant til at se på kriser som rent økonomiske fænomener. Men de sætter sig også igennem rent fysisk – vi bliver syge og dør af dem.......Vi er vant til at se på kriser som rent økonomiske fænomener. Men de sætter sig også igennem rent fysisk – vi bliver syge og dør af dem....

  12. Rental fees for using the non-residential funds of the municipal fisc and factors of its growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raul’ R. Yarullin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective to develop the theoretical bases of forming the rent fees for nonresidential funds which constitute the fisc of Ufa municipality and to identify the opportunities of revenues increase from its use. Methods abstractlogical dialectical comparative systematic and structural economic analysis and synthesis. Results the content is disclosed of the rental fees of nonresidential funds constituting the municipal fisc as a cash payment of compensatory and equivalent character for the use of the municipality fisc the necessity is grounded of increasing the budget effectiveness of the municipal nonresidential facilities rent which consists in the proper use of rental fees for maintenance investments in the renovation and construction of nonresidential facilities the availability of funds for their financing and the lack of growth in rents above the economically viable threshold the factors are analyzed which determine the budget revenues from rent affecting the fiscal efficiency of nonresidential facilities rent in Ufa city a number of problematic issues were identified of systemic character reduction of the number of rent contracts reduction of the rented space an excessive amount of the reduced rent arrears of tenants on rents insufficient quality of the information management system ways are propose to improve the budget efficiency and profitability of the nonresidential rent consisting in the transition of nonresidential buildings and premises which are in economic conducting or in operational administration or are unused unregistered into the rent regime with the establishment of feasible rental fees expanding the number of premises the rental fee for the use of which is determined by bidding reduction of benefits to commercial organizations for the rent payment providing full and timely transfer of the arrears from tenants to the budget acceleration of the formation of the automated system for mass valuation of real estate allowing to

  13. 7 CFR 1219.57 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, publications, and product formulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES... any rents, royalties, residual payments, or other income from the rental, sale, leasing, franchising...

  14. 7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS... any rents, royalties, residual payments, or other income from the rental, sales, leasing, franchising...

  15. 10 CFR 70.55 - Inspections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... NRC Regional Administrator, provide rent-free office space for the exclusive use of Commission... provided regular plant employees, following proper identification and compliance with applicable access...

  16. 10 CFR 76.121 - Inspections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... shall provide rent-free office space for the exclusive use of Commission inspection personnel upon... provided regular plant employees, following proper identification and compliance with applicable access...

  17. 47 CFR 32.4000 - Current accounts and notes payable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... traffic settlements, material and supplies, repairs to telecommunications plant, matured rents, and... include amounts of taxes payable that have been withheld from employees' salaries. (2) Accounts payable...

  18. 24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... development organization. Such costs include salaries, wages, and other employee compensation and benefits; employee education, training, and travel; rent; utilities; communication costs; taxes; insurance; equipment...

  19. 5 CFR 845.305 - Ordinary and necessary living expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEBT COLLECTION Standards for Waiver... necessary living expenses include rent, mortgage payments, utilities, maintenance, transportation, food...

  20. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV or Range Extended Electric Vehicle (REEV? —Deciding Between Different Alternative Drives Based on Measured Individual Operational Profiles Véhicule électrique à batteries (BEV ou véhicule électrique à prolongateur d’autonomie (REEV ? — Choisir entre différents entraînements alternatifs sur la base de profils opérationnels individuels mesurés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marker S.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, a large number of concepts for drive train electrification and a corresponding broad variety of available drive train configurations were presented to the public. They all have their pros and cons for the customer. This paper discusses a tool enabling the customer to select the drive train which is best suited to his individual purposes. The presented approach focuses on BEV and REEV and is characterized by a three-step procedure: the customer’s individual driving behaviour is measured: individualized driving cycles and operational habits including the daily kilometrage are derived; numerical models of the alternative drive train concepts are run to simulate the energy consumption by applying these individualized cycles. The study reveals that battery sizing is the most important component. It would be more efficient to use a REEV with a smaller battery instead of a BEV: at a given range of 50 km the BEV covers 50% of the kilometers (corresponding to 90% of all daily distances while the REEV covers 100% of all daily distances, out of it 70% on electric driving. This leads to less CO2 emission compared to the combined use of BEV and conventional cars. The REEV with the smallest battery is amortized first referred to conventional cars. The influence of the individual usage pattern can be translated to operational costs. The REEV urban driver covers 85% by electric driving and has thus lower operational costs than the REEV inter-urban driver with 64% electric driving. Récemment, un grand nombre de concepts d’électrification des groupes motopropulseurs et une large variété correspondante de configurations disponibles ont été présentés au public. Tous possèdent des avantages et des inconvénients pour le client. Cet article traite d’un outil permettant au client de sélectionner le groupe motopropulseur le plus adapté à ses besoins individuels. L’approche présentée se focalise sur les véhicules BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle — véhicule électrique à batteries et REEV (Range Extended Electric Vehicle — véhicule électrique à prolongateur d’autonomie et est caractérisée par une procédure en trois étapes : le comportement individuel au volant du client est évalué ; les cycles de conduite individualisés et les habitudes opérationnelles comprenant le kilométrage journalier sont déterminés ; en appliquant ces cycles individualisés, des modèles numériques de concepts de groupe motopropulseur alternatif sont réalisés afin de simuler la consommation d’énergie. L’étude révèle que le dimensionnement de la batterie constitue l’élément le plus important. Un véhicule REEV possédant une batterie plus petite serait plus efficace qu’un véhicule BEV : pour une autonomie donnée de 50 km, le véhicule BEV parcourt 50 % des kilomètres totaux (correspondant à 90 Vo de l’ensemble des distances journalières alors que le véhicule REEV parcourt 100 % de l’ensemble des distances journalières, dont 70 % en mode électrique. Ceci amène à une plus faible émission de CO2 par rapport à l’utilisation associée des véhicules BEV et des véhicules conventionnels. Le véhicule REEV possédant une batterie plus petite est amorti plus tôt qu’un véhicule conventionnel. L’influence exercée par le type d’usage individuel peut être traduite en coûts d’exploitation. Le conducteur urbain d’un véhicule REEV parcourt 85 % des trajets en mode électrique et bénéficie de coûts d’exploitation plus faibles que le conducteur interurbain d’un véhicule REEV parcourant 64 % des trajets en mode électrique.

  1. The Use of Video in Knowledge Transfer of Teacher-Led Psychosocial Interventions: Feeling Competent to Adopt a Different Role in the Classroom (L'utilisation de la vidéo dans le transfert de connaissances dans les interventions psychosociales menées par les enseignants : sentir que l'on a la compétence d'adopter un rôle différent dans la salle de classe)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beauregard, Caroline; Rousseau, Cécile; Mustafa, Sally

    2015-01-01

    Because they propose a form of modeling, videos have been recognised to be useful to transfer knowledge about practices requiring teachers to adopt a different role. This paper describes the results of a satisfaction survey with 98 teachers, school administrators and professionals regarding their appreciation of training videos showing teacher-led…

  2. 47 CFR 32.4130 - Other current liabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4130... separately the amount and nature of the items accrued to the date of the balance sheet. (e) Matured rents... indebtedness of the company, dividends on capital stock, and rents accrued to the date for which the balance...

  3. 76 FR 30183 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Emergency Comment Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ... Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Emergency Comment Request; Section 8 Random Digit Dialing Fair Marketing Rent Surveys AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice of proposed... Marketing Rent Surveys. Description of Information Collection: These surveys provide HUD with a way to...

  4. 24 CFR 982.501 - Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.501 Overview. (a) This subpart describes program requirements concerning the housing assistance payment and rent to owner. These requirements apply to the Section 8 tenant-based program. (b) There are two types...

  5. 77 FR 71621 - Atlantic Wind One (ATLW1) Commercial Leasing for Wind Power on the Outer Continental Shelf...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ...,799 acres, the amount of rent payment will be $338,397 per year. The Lessee also must pay rent for any... Lessee must also pay the greater of $5.00 per acre per year or $450.00 per year. Operating Fee: The... then click ``search.'' Follow the instructions to submit public comments. 2. Written Comments: In...

  6. Leaving home and entering the housing market.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Clark, W.A.V.; Mulder, C.H.

    2000-01-01

    We use a multinomial choice model of owning a home, owning a trailer, or renting to examine the housing-market entry of young adults in the USA after they have left the parental home. We also model the choice between renting independently and sharing with roommates. We show that the likelihood of

  7. Options for maintaining forest productivity after natural disturbance: A principal–agent approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bogle, T.; Kooten, van G.C.

    2013-01-01

    Historically, British Columbia mandated silvicultural outcomes on public forestland because timber had a sufficiently high value to produce high resource rents. The mountain pine beetle altered the value of pine, reducing rents and impacting the silvicultural re-imbursement of regulated practices.

  8. All knowledge is first of all local knowledge: an introduction | Okere ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Une telle approche cosmopolite tendant à exploiter la sagesse et les avantages écologiques de divers groupes culturels permettra de mieux partager la connaissance, dans un esprit d'échanges transfrontalier des richesses puisées dans différents contextes culturels et différents champs de connaissances, aussi bien dans ...

  9. 26 CFR 1.543-1 - Personal holding company income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., franchises, and other like property. It does not, however, include rents. For rules relating to rents see... from futures transactions in commodities. Gross income and personal holding company income include the amount by which the gains exceed the losses from futures transactions in any commodity on or subject to...

  10. 26 CFR 1.1055-2 - Determination of amount realized on the transfer of the right to hold real property subject to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of the right to hold real property subject to liabilities under a redeemable ground rent. 1.1055-2... of the right to hold real property subject to liabilities under a redeemable ground rent. In determining the amount realized from a transfer, occurring on or after April 11, 1963, of the right to hold...

  11. Use of PTFE patch for pericardial closure after minimal invasive LVAD implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohite, Prashant N; Sabashnikov, Anton; Popov, Aron F; Fatullayev, Javid; Simon, André R

    2016-07-01

    The left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is now a routine therapy for advanced heart failure. The thoracotomy approach for LVAD implantation, in which the left ventricle is approached through a pericardial rent, is becoming popular. We demonstrate closure of the pericardial rent with a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) patch and its advantages. © The Author(s) 2015.

  12. 24 CFR 235.1210 - Recapture of assistance payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... appreciation of the property. (c) The term net appreciation of the property as used in this section means any... this section when the mortgagor: (1) Disposes of the property or a homeowner not qualified to receive assistance payments, or (2) Has rented the property (or rented the owner's unit in the case of a two- to four...

  13. Management system of simple rental flats study based on technical aspect and health in Medan city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novrial; Indra Cahaya, S.

    2018-03-01

    Medan city is a metropolis city in Sumatera that has slums area. Simple rental flats have been built to overcome the problem. However the preliminary survey result showed that the physical and non-physical environment management of simple rent flats is very bad. This study conducted in 3 simple rent flats. It has observed the simple rent flats environment and has interviewed occupants and related agencies. Results of conducted research showed the occupant’s characteristics based on the largest percentage are Javanese; last education is senior high with self-employed work with average income Rp 1,000,000 – Rp 2,500,000. Waste retribution submitted to their cleanliness except for Amplas simple rent flats, their waste management system does not manage properly and the garbage littered. The number of family members of Wisma Labuhan and Amplas simple rent flats exceeds the regulation number of occupants, so it is crowded and noisy. Physical conditions of Amplas simple rent flats are bad, septic tank is full and are not vacuumed. Clean water sources derived from wells and artesian wll are vulnerable to be contaminated by pollutants such as leachate and bad quality water. It is necessary to improve the physical, basic sanitation, and guidance for the simple rent flats occupants to the management system of Simple Rent Flats.

  14. Essays on the political economy of trade and regulation: biotechnology and conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shao, Qianqian

    2017-01-01

    Economics and politics interact. Political and economic forces influence the choices of policy instruments, the distribution of economic rent, and the distribution of political power. Politicians balance the interaction of economic rents and political interests in the policy-making process. Some

  15. 26 CFR 1.467-3 - Disqualified leasebacks and long-term agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... principal purpose for providing increasing or decreasing rent is the avoidance of Federal income tax (as... properties. (c) Tax avoidance as principal purpose for increasing or decreasing rent—(1) In general. In... which tax avoidance was a principal purpose for providing increasing or decreasing rent. (2) Tax...

  16. 24 CFR 966.55 - Procedures to obtain a hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... officer or employee of the PHA) selected in the manner required under the PHA grievance procedure. (3) The... hearing is scheduled in any grievance involving the amount of rent (as defined in § 966.4(b)) that the PHA... escrow deposit, the amount is the amount of rent the PHA states is due and payable as of the first of the...

  17. 26 CFR 1.107-1 - Rental value of parsonages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... allowance paid to him as part of his compensation to the extent such allowance is used by him to rent or... minister as an employee of the United States (other than as a chaplain in the Armed Forces, whose service... minister to rent or otherwise provide a home if such amount is designated as rental allowance pursuant to...

  18. 48 CFR 31.205-35 - Relocation costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... employees retain ownership of a vacated home in the old location and rent at the new location. The rented... work location (for a period of 12 months or more) of an existing employee or upon recruitment of a new employee. The following types of relocation costs are allowable as noted, subject to the limitations in...

  19. 77 FR 49004 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Rental Assistance Demonstration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-15

    ... rental assistance contracts; and Rent Supplement (Rent Supp), Rental Assistance Payment (RAP) and Mod Rehab properties upon contract expiration or termination, to convert Tenant Protection Vouchers (TPVs) to Project Based Vouchers (PBVs). Participation in the initiative will be voluntary; the attached...

  20. 24 CFR 982.508 - Maximum family share at initial occupancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.508 Maximum family share at initial occupancy. At the time the PHA approves a... program, and where the gross rent of the unit exceeds the applicable payment standard for the family, the...

  1. 77 FR 64822 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Rental Assistance Demonstration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... contracts; and Rent Supplement (Rent Supp), Rental Assistance Payment (RAP), and Mod Rehab properties, upon contract expiration or termination, to convert tenant protection vouchers (TPVs) to project-based vouchers... rights and duties of the applicant and HUD, with respect to the converted project and any payments under...

  2. Resource Abundance and Resource Dependence in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ji, K.; Magnus, J.R.; Wang, W.

    2010-01-01

    This paper reconsiders the ‘curse of resources’ hypothesis for the case of China, and distinguishes between resource abundance, resource rents, and resource dependence. Resource abundance and resource rents are shown to be approximately equivalent, and their association with resource dependence

  3. Document d'information

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Des chercheurs de la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, au Costa Rica, examineront les raisons pour lesquelles des collectivités urbaines présentant des conditions d'exclusion sociale similaires affichent des degrés de violence différents. L'étude permettra de comparer six villes de tailles différentes du ...

  4. 45 CFR 2551.44 - What is considered income for determining volunteer eligibility?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... deductions for business or farm expenses; (3) Regular payments for public assistance, Social Security...; and (5) Income from dividends, interest, net rents, royalties, or income from estates and trusts. (b... produced and consumed on farms and the imputed value of rent from owner-occupied farm or non-farm housing...

  5. 45 CFR 2552.44 - What is considered income for determining volunteer eligibility?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... deductions for business or farm expenses; (3) Regular payments for public assistance, Social Security...; and (5) Income from dividends, interest, net rents, royalties, or income from estates and trusts. (b... produced and consumed on farms and the imputed value of rent from owner-occupied farm or non-farm housing...

  6. Étude de la contamination de surface des carcasses de bovins dans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 juin 2017 ... Tous les trois jours, 7 heures les différentes étapes de l'abattage .... compris des lois, règlements, exigences et procédures qui garantissent la ... secteur privé et faciliter également la contribution des différents professionnels ...

  7. I Never Promised You a Rose Garden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moreira, Solon; Cabaleiro, Goretti

    This paper analyzes the interplay between the rent dissipation and revenue effects by focusing on the degree to which the licensed technology represents a licensor’s core activity. We argue that if companies are anticipating the future loss in their market share (Rent Dissipation Effect) that lic...

  8. Does the long-term interest rate predict future inflation?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engsted, Tom

    1995-01-01

    Fisher hypotesen indebærer, at spændet mellem den lange rente og inflationstakten er den optimale prediktor af fremtidige ændringer i inflationstakten. Denne hypotese undersøges med data fra 13 OECD lande. Resultaterne viser, at der er store forskelle mellem landene m.h.t. den lange rentes evne t...

  9. De optimale datum voor het afsluiten van een lening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ommeren, Bernard; Allers, Maarten; Vellekoop, Michel

    Wie een lening moet afsluiten kan dat direct doen, of afwachten in de hoop dat de rente zal dalen vóór het moment dat de lening echt nodig is. Maar als de rente niet daalt maar stijgt, wordt de lening duurder. Dus wat is wijsheid?

  10. 24 CFR 236.60 - Excess Income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Excess Income. 236.60 Section 236... § 236.60 Excess Income. (a) Definition. Excess Income consists of cash collected as rent from the... Rent. The unit-by-unit requirement necessitates that, if a unit has Excess Income, the Excess Income...

  11. 24 CFR 888.202 - Manner of publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL... published as market conditions indicate. In the case of revised factors applicable only to specific areas...

  12. 24 CFR 5.100 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the drug. Elderly Person means an individual who is at least 62 years of age. Fair Housing Act means....S.C. 3601 et seq.). Fair Market Rent (FMR) means the rent that would be required to be paid in the particular housing market area in order to obtain privately owned, decent, safe and sanitary rental housing...

  13. 24 CFR 888.310 - Notice of eligibility requirements for retroactive payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., SECTION 202 DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811... MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Retroactive Housing Assistance Payments for New..., Section 202 Elderly or Handicapped, and Special Allocations Projects § 888.310 Notice of eligibility...

  14. Social Housing in the Netherlands, Chapter 10

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsinga, M.; Wassenberg, F.

    2007-01-01

    Nowhere else in Europe does social housing dominate the housing market as it does in the Netherlands. Over one third of all households rent a social-sector dwelling. There are 2.4 million social rented dwellings, a number that has been stable during the last decade. Almost all social housing is

  15. 24 CFR 511.11 - Project requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... low income occupancy or rent projections, or restrictions on return on investment or other similar policies that prevent an owner, whether for-profit or non-profit, from maximizing return or setting rent... requirements and with the affirmative marketing requirements and procedures adopted under § 511.13, for the...

  16. A tale of three cities: Insight into the impacts of holiday rentals in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Paris, the rented accommodation spend by tourists is estimated to be as much as €217 140 000. Côte d'Azur in rented properties generates an average accommodation expenditure of €105 840 000, and in Haute-Savoie generated a direct accommodation spend of €29 148 000. Keywords: vacation rentals, Paris, Côte ...

  17. Case note: HR (nr. 08/00315: onbenutte verrekeningsbasis tax sparing credit schuift niet door naar een volgend jaar)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Weeghel, S.

    2009-01-01

    Belanghebbende heeft in 1997 deposito’s aangehouden bij een aantal in Brazilië gevestigde banken. Op die deposito’s heeft zij in 1997 rente ontvangen. Op die rente is geen bronbelasting ingehouden. Op grond van de Overeenkomst Nederland-Brazilië (het Verdrag) heeft belanghebbende niettemin in

  18. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY83, Part 6 (W061-Z299).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    RENT OF FAC /FUEL SUPPLY 29 X299 AUTO TECHNIQUE BELGIQUE S A BELGIUM ARMY LEASE-RENT OF FAC /OTHER NON-BLDG STRUCT 31 HOFFMAN CO VIRGINIA ARMY LEASE...HARRISON & PALMI RIDGE ELECTRICAL E INC MISSOURI ARMY CONSTR: CONSTRUCTION/PARFING FACILITIES $ 123 SUSSEX ELECTRICO C MARYLAND ARMY CONSTR: CONSTRUCTION

  19. r isotopes in the yrgueil gs meteoriteX ghronology of e rly sol r ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    h ve een deposited intermittently st rting ne r the time of p rent ody form tion nd ontinuing for t le st QH w F he r .... mounts of w ter flowed through the yrgueil p rent m teri l during lter ... n lysis were rried outF pirstD series of le hing experiments ...

  20. Corruption and optimal regulation under common agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Hemsley

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available I show that it is optimal to separate non-benevolent regulators when regulated projects are large. Separation prevents regulators from coordinating to appropriate all of the agent's informational rent when they know the type of the latter; therefore, there is a trade-off between saving on informational rent and efficiency, since the game between the regulators induced by separation causes further distortions when compared to the allocation under one regulator. When the informational rent at stake is large due to the size of the project, separation is the optimal institutional answer.