WorldWideScience

Sample records for recluso nos romances

  1. METAFICÇÃO NOS ROMANCES DE MACHADO DE ASSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine Resende Rocha

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Nos romances de Machado de Assis, a metaficção é caracterizada de maneira permanente. Este ensaio pretende observar o efeito provocado nessas narrativas pela reflexão do ficcional produzida por elas.

  2. O FANTÁSTICO NOS ROMANCES DE JOSÉ SARAMAGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pál Ferenc

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nos romances de José Saramago abundam os elementos fantásticos desde o olhar mágico de Blimunda que vê o interior das pessoas até a morte suspendida temporalmente num país. O presente estudo analisa os assomos do fantástico nestes romances, aproveitando a teoria de Tzvetan Todorov e as afirmações de vários estudiosos brasileiros e portugueses,chegando a conclusão que com exepção do último romance, Intermitências da Morte, as obras do romancista português são alegorias onde os motivos ou momentos aparentemente fantásticos são na realidade maravilhosos ou estranhos e têm uma função de por em movimento da acção do romance.

  3. Fantasia e metaficcionalidade nos romances de Zamonien de Walter Moers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Alves do Prado

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Walter Moers é um dos grandes autores da vertente fantástica dentro da literatura alemã atual. Desde a publicação de seu primeiro romance, em 1999, o escritor consagrou-se como autor de best-sellers. Nos seis romances publicados até a presente data tem-se um elemento comum, que serve de fio condutor às obras: o continente fictício de "Zamonien", um mundo maravilhoso criado por Moers. Esse mundo inventado é palco para inúmeras aventuras, lutas, jornadas, conquistas, mistérios, disputas, perigos, criaturas inusitadas e cenários desconhecidos. Se, por um lado, as obras fantásticas de Moers estão de acordo com as convenções do gênero da Fantasy; por outro, elas trazem consigo uma proposta literária inovadora, que rompe com algumas convenções desse gênero. É o caso da metaficcionalidade, presente de forma marcante em seus romances. Pretende-se nesse trabalho apresentar brevemente um romance de Walter Moers, Die Stadt der träumenden Bücher (2004, discorrer sobre os elementos constitutivos que inserem a obra no gênero da Fantasy e, por fim, aprofundar-se nos aspectos da metaficcionalidade encontrados na obra em questão.

  4. Memórias de vi(n)das nos tempos de Mrs. Dalloway e meu amigo Marcel Proust romance

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    142f. Este estudo tem como tema a memória em sua relação com as configurações e reconfigurações do sujeito estético, em especial, dos protagonistas, nos romances Mrs. Dalloway, de Virginia Woolf, e Meu Amigo Marcel Proust Romance, de Judith Grossmann. A partir desse eixo, ou seja, a memória subjetiva, enfocada no primeiro capítulo, foram abordadas duas outras categorias de memória, que compõem dois capítulos da dissertação, a saber, a cultural e a de leituras. Categorias que foram discutid...

  5. A Representação do Amor nos Quadros das Paixões: da Crítica Teatral ao Árduo Consentimento do Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano da Silva Façanha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO:Na Carta a d’Alembert, Rousseau se coloca contra a ideia de um teatro enquanto instrumento de educação moral, porém, o posicionamento do filósofo não está em colocar essa atividade lúdica de ordem moral na categoria de atividade imoral, mas na de atividade artificial, e, talvez, isso gerasse efeitos imorais. Todavia, é preciso observar os verdadeiros efeitos do teatro, a partir de alguns argumentos que Rousseau resolve construir e analisá-los, contudo, apenas se trouxesse à tona a crítica de Rousseau ao romance, na Carta a d’Alembert, que tem como contexto “a ideia negativa de privatização da cena”, pois o teatro destina uma excessiva importância à descrição do amor, obviamente, exagerando na representação, naquilo que é romanesco. Porém, se, na Carta a d’Alembert, o filósofo não expressa de forma direta que a teorização sobre o teatro também equivale ao romance, na Nova Heloísa, ou seja, no próprio romance, o autor faz essa ratificação, ao importar um longo comentário sobre o teatro que estava na Carta, afirmando que considera o mesmo da própria cena quanto à maioria dos novos escritos. O cidadão genebrino ataca os romances indiretamente e viceversa, porque é observado que tudo aquilo que diz sobre uma arte se aplica quase que integralmente a outra arte. E, como um povo galante deseja amor e polidez, Rousseau resolve fixar alguns termos, na tentativa de explicar suas críticas e argumentar a coerência de seu posicionamento, já que, se, em geral, a cena é um quadro das paixões humanas, cujo original está nos corações, se o pintor, porém, não tiver cuidado de acariciar suas paixões, os espectadores logo ficarão desgostosos e não desejarão mais se ver sob um aspecto que fizesse com que desprezassem a si mesmos. E pontua que essa linguagem não tem mais sentido, em seu século, pois é preciso falar as paixões, esforçando-nos para usar uma que melhor se compreenda, talvez o romance.

  6. Rousseau, Laclos e Sade: o tema da virtude e a retórica dos prefácios nos romances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano da Silva Façanha

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Durante muito tempo, os romances foram vistos com desconfiança no meio intelectual por sua origem romanesca ficcional. Muitos autores passaram a recorrer à temática da virtude e à prática da inserção de prefácios em romances. A técnica retórica dos prefácios possibilitava que o escritor ocultasse sua autoria justificando o enredo romanesno da forma que melhor lhe conviesse sem comprometê-lo e quase sempre justificava de que forma a temática da virtude seria abordada. Rousseau, Laclos e Sade, todos escritores do século XVIII, apresentaram a virtude como recurso estilístico e estético, cada um a seu modo. Objetiva-se analisar as semelhanças e as diferenças contidas nos textos, principalmente no que tange aos prefácios, a fim de perceber os recursos estilísticos e estéticos que cada autor utilizou para publicar aqueles que comporiam o grupo de romances mais polêmicos do século das Luzes. Recorre-se dessa forma, ao método comporativo a fim de relacionar as semelhanças bem como as diferenças entre os textos dos romances Júlia ou A Nova heloísa de jean-Jacques Rousseau; As Relações Perigosas Pierre Chordelos de Laclos e Justine ou as Desgraças da Virtude do Marquês de Sade.

  7. Elegiac Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruffee, Kenneth A.

    1971-01-01

    Identifies--and labels as elegiac romance"--a group of 19th and 20th century American, English, and European novels in which a narrator relates the story of a heroic, questing figure to whom he is committed in attempting to overcome the effect of loss which results from" the hero's death. (Author/RD)

  8. Romancing the YA Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, John; Mosley, Shelley; Bouricius, Ann

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the romance genre and provides guidelines for librarians with high school aged readers. Highlights include where to find information about the romance genre; the appeal of romance fiction; levels of sex and sensuality; reference tools; subgenres; and authors and titles that may be popular with young adult romance readers. (LRW)

  9. Romancing the YA Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, John; Mosley, Shelley; Bouricius, Ann

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the romance genre and provides guidelines for librarians with high school aged readers. Highlights include where to find information about the romance genre; the appeal of romance fiction; levels of sex and sensuality; reference tools; subgenres; and authors and titles that may be popular with young adult romance readers. (LRW)

  10. Fatores preditivos da reincidência : análise de uma amostra aleatória de reclusos portugueses do sexo masculino

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação mestrado integrado Psicologia (área de especialização em Psicologia da Justiça) O desenvolvimento de qualquer investigação pressupõe a existência de algo que nos inquieta e nos induz curiosidade e este trabalho não constitui uma exceção. Assim sendo, formulou-se como questão de investigação: quais os fatores preditivos da reincidência criminal, tendo como base a análise retrospetiva de uma amostra aleatória de reclusos portugueses do sexo masculino. Propusemos como principai...

  11. Salud mental en reclusos: un análisis pre-post intervención psicosocial con grupo control de comparación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Jesús Bascón Díaz

    Full Text Available La literatura científica advierte de la elevada presencia de trastornos mentales en el medio penitenciario. Por ello, en este trabajo nos planteamos evaluar la salud psicosocial y la autorregulación de reclusos en relación a un grupo control de participantes no reclusos; adicionalmente tratamos de conocer la incidencia de la variable tiempo de reclusión y analizar el efecto intragrupo pre-post entrenamiento en habilidades sociales y comunicativas. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 20 varones, 10 reclusos (cinco con más de un año de condena y cinco con menos y 10 participantes sin antecedentes delictivos, a los que se les administró el cuestionario de salud GHQ-28 y la escala de autorregulación MAPA. Se aplicó la prueba no paramétrica Mann-Whitney (U para el cálculo de probabilidades y el test de Cramer (V como indicador del tamaño de efecto. Los resultados indicaron que la reclusión no implicó necesariamente peor salud y autorregulación, que el tiempo de condena no ejerció excesiva influencia sobre estas dos dimensiones y que el taller de habilidades sociales no pareció, según el análisis pre-postest, haber producido efectos sobre la salud y la autorregulación de los reclusos. Finalmente, se discuten algunas reflexiones generales así como nuevas propuestas para mejorar actuaciones futuras.

  12. A perspectiva sociocultural da física nos romances de ficção científica de Arthur Clarke

    OpenAIRE

    Piassi,Luís Paulo

    2012-01-01

    Arthur C. Clarke é considerado um dos maiores escritores de ficção científica. Falecido em 2008, o mesmo ano em que seu filme com Stanley Kubrick, 2001: Uma Odisseia no Espaço completou 40 anos, deixou uma série de romances e contos de ficção científica que se caracterizam pela cuidadosa precisão científica aliada à fantasia especulativa sobre os caminhos futuros da humanidade. Alguns autores têm visto nas obras de Clarke um potencial didático relevante no ensino de ciências, na medida em que...

  13. Reingreso en prision de reclusos drogodependientes excarcelados a una comunidad terapeutica, en funcion de variables previas al tratamiento

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ramos Barbero, Victoria; Carcedo Gonzalez, Rodrigo J

    2012-01-01

    El principal objetivo de este articulo es identificar las variables penales y penitenciarias previas al tratamiento asociadas al reingreso en prision, en una poblacion de reclusos drogodependientes...

  14. Definição do "eu" nos romances Alegria Breve, Para Sempre, Até ao fim e Cartas a Sandra de Vergílio Ferreira

    OpenAIRE

    Coimbra Martos, Ana Catarina

    2016-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Lingüística, Lenguas Modernas, Lógica y Filosofía de la Ciencia, Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada. Fecha de lectura: 18-01-2016 O romance de Vergílio Ferreira reflete as preocupações do século XX: o ser. Tenta encontrar o significado da sua existência. Tudo se questiona. Há uma interrogação constante do protagonista. É um narrar recordações e um fazer de reflexõe...

  15. Representations of diaspora in Caryl Phillips´s novels Representações da diáspora nos romances de Caryl Phillips

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Bonnici

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The representation of Negro diaspora during slavery and in the modern world is analyzed within the context of two novels by Caribbean Caryl Phillips. The diaspora phenomenon and diasporic movements are investigated in the wake of colonization, migration, slavery, creolization and hybrid culture. Crossing the River (1993 and A Distant Shore (2003 narrate two different instances in the Negro diaspora. Whereas Crossing the River records events in the life of three Negroes in the New World after having been sold by their father in Africa, A Distant Shore reveals the contemporary diaspora of a Negro who runs away from an African civil war stricken country and goes to England expecting a humane place. Racial bias and displacement frustrate his expectations at the precise moment that some communication with a white woman starts. In these two novels Phillips debates the uselessness of returning to primitive African Culture, the experience of umheimlichkeit, constant displacement, uprootness caused by a slave regime and by white hegemony still at large.Analisa-se a representação da diáspora do Negro durante a escravidão e no mundo contemporâneo em dois romances do autor caribenho Caryl Phillips. O fenômeno da diáspora e dos movimentos diaspóricos é investigado e inserido no contexto da colonização, migração, escravidão, crioulização e cultura híbrida. Crossing the River (1993 e A Distant Shore (2003 narram dois momentos da diáspora do Negro. Enquanto Crossing the River rasteia certos eventos na vida de três negros no Novo Mundo após terem sido vendidos, ainda crianças, pelo pai na África, A Distant Shore revela a diáspora contemporânea do Negro que foge dum país africano, mergulhado em guerra civil, para a Inglaterra, e suas tentativas para encontrar uma vida acolhedora. O preconceito e o deslocamento frustram as suas expectativas no exato momento em que começa a surgir um tênue indício de comunicação com uma mulher branca

  16. Romance Tourism and Finnish Women

    OpenAIRE

    Jussila, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    Romance tourism is a discussed quite a lot in media both in Finland and abroad. The media has create a certain kind of image of women`s romance tourism. The main aim of this study was to study how Finnish women perceive the romance tourism. The research questions were: does women travel to abroad to seek for holiday romance and why do they travel to abroad to seek for the romance. To find out women’s mental images of romance tourism was also one aim of the research. The phenomenon of women’s ...

  17. Romance Tourism and Finnish Women

    OpenAIRE

    Jussila, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    Romance tourism is a discussed quite a lot in media both in Finland and abroad. The media has create a certain kind of image of women`s romance tourism. The main aim of this study was to study how Finnish women perceive the romance tourism. The research questions were: does women travel to abroad to seek for holiday romance and why do they travel to abroad to seek for the romance. To find out women’s mental images of romance tourism was also one aim of the research. The phenomenon of women’s ...

  18. Dialogismo no romance português contemporâneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Trentin Oliveira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivamos, neste artigo, refletir sobre a constituição dialógica do romance contemporâneo português, retomando, para isso, as contribuições de M. Bakhtin sobre esse gênero literário. Bakhtin enfatiza, nos seus estudos, o discurso bivocal de orientação vária, as interações complexas entre diferentes pontos de vista num mesmo enunciado, que elevariam a um mais alto grau o dialogismo do romance. O romance atual diversifica as formas de transmissão do discurso de outrem, embaralhando as vozes das personagens e exigindo atenção redobrada do leitor para a instituição do sentido. Exemplificamos essa tendência por meio da análise do romance Levantado do chão (1980, do consagrado autor português José Saramago.

  19. Getting Serious about Romance: Adult Series Romances for Teens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, John; Mosley, Shelley

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the value of series romance novels that are written for adults but that teen readers enjoy. Highlights include defining series romances; characteristics of series romances; collection development issues for libraries; sensuality levels; resources, including books and Web sites; and an annotated list of 100 appropriate titles. (LRW)

  20. My Computer Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Gardner

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author relates the big role of computers in his life as a writer. The author narrates that he has been using a computer for nearly twenty years now. He relates that computers has set his writing free. When he started writing, he was just using an electric typewriter. He also relates that his romance with computers is also a…

  1. Imagining Romance: Young People's Cultural Models of Romance and Love.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachen, Christine M.; Illouz, Eva

    1996-01-01

    Shows that long before it translates into actual behavior, the content and forms that romance assumes in the postmodern nexus of media and the market shape children's romantic imagination. Explores how children's imagined vision of romance moved from one molded by media to one characterized by a tension between what media promised and their…

  2. O cronotopo bakhtiniano do romance (autobiográfico: da Antiguidade à contemporaneidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauliane Amaral

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, retomamos as reflexões sobre 'As formas de tempo e de cronotopo no romance' feitas por Mikhail Bakhtin e apresentadas em Questões de literatura e de estética: a teoria do romance, a fim de verificar as variações do cronotopo de 'Biografias e autobiografias antigas' no romance autobiográfico contemporâneo. Para isso, analisamos os cronotopos nos romances autobiográficos Paris é uma festa, de Ernest Hemingway, e Chá das cinco com o vampiro, de Miguel Sanches Neto. Nossa leitura do cronotopo bakhtiniano nessas narrativas nos leva a relacionar as formas de configuração entre espaço público e espaço privado e diferentes estratégias de representação.

  3. Generative Studies in Romance Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casagrande, Jean, Ed.; Saciuk, Bohdan, Ed.

    This book represents, in part, the written record of the "Linguistic Symposium of Romance Languages: Application of Generative Grammar to Their Description and Teaching," held at the University of Florida, Gainesville, in February 1971. The aim of the Symposium was to bring forth contributions in the description of Romance languages, to draw…

  4. Abandono aprendido, depressão e estratégias de coping numa amostra de reclusos

    OpenAIRE

    Brito, Cristina Maria de Jesus Batista

    2010-01-01

    Proporcionar aos reclusos uma reinserção social consistente, através de opções facultativas de carácter reeducativo, constitui uma preocupação actual no contexto prisional português. Na linha deste paradigma mais recente, o desenvolvimento de estudos sobre o abandono aprendido no meio prisional poderá tornar-se profícua para a compreensão de alguns comportamentos dos reclusos, nomeadamente ao nível motivacional, cognitivo e emocional (Naidoo & Pretorius, 2006). Quando o indivíduo se envolv...

  5. Situación de salud de reclusos de un centro de cumplimiento penitenciario, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Osses-Paredes

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La población penitenciaria ha ido en aumento, y con ello las necesidades en salud, siendo catalogada como una población vulnerable. Por otro lado, las personas privadas de libertad mantienen los derechos inherentes al ser humano, entre ellos el derecho a la salud, el cual en algunas oportunidades se encuentra relegado. Objetivo: Caracterizar la situación de salud de reclusos de un centro de cumplimiento penitenciario, y su grado de satisfacción con la atención en salud brindada. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, llevado a cabo en el centro de cumplimiento penitenciario El Manzano, Concepción, durante octubre 2011-febrero 2012 mediante la aplicación del Examen de medicina preventiva y un cuestionario de antecedentes sociodemográficos y de salud, incluyendo reclusos de sexo masculino y femenino mayores de 18 años en régimen cerrado. Resultados: Un 85% de la población estudiada eran hombres, la edad promedio fue 34 años, el 91,2% recibe visitas, el promedio de reclusión fue 38 meses. El 45% posee al menos una enfermedad diagnosticada, primando los desórdenes mentales, patologías del sistema respiratorio y circulatorio. Un 56% de los reclusos ha solicitado atención en salud con poca frecuencia, encontrándose 33% muy satisfecho y 32% satisfecho en lo relativo a los servicios sanitarios del penal. Discusión: El estado de salud de la población penal se encuentra más deteriorado que el de la población general, con necesidades mayores y distintas, sin embargo existe una percepción de un buen estado de salud y una tendencia al alto grado de satisfacción de los servicios sanitarios.

  6. ¿Tienen apoyo social los reclusos drogodependientes?: Estudio en una prisión andaluza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rodríguez-Martínez

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Conocer y comparar el apoyo social que tienen los drogodependientes de una prisión incluidos en el programa libre de drogas y en el programa de mantenimiento con metadona (PMM. Material y método: Estudio observacional descriptivo transversal, realizado en el Establecimiento Penitenciario de Albolote (Granada. La población penitenciaria en el momento del estudio era de 1.763 reclusos. Los drogodependientes, se dividieron en dos grupos: en programa de mantenimiento con metadona (PMM 279 reclusos y en programa libre de drogas (58 reclusos. Se obtuvo una muestra aleatoria de 60 internos en el grupo en PMM. Participó toda la población del programa libre de drogas. A los dos grupos se les entrevistó a fin de conocer su estructura familiar, nivel socioeconómico y de estudios. También se aplicó el cuestionario MOS de apoyo social de forma autoaplicada asistido por entrevistador. Los porcentajes obtenidos de cada dimensión del cuestionario MOS de los grupos se compararon mediante Chi cuadrado de Pearson. Resultados: La red social del grupo en PMM fue de media 13,2. En el grupo libre de drogas fue 12,9. Valor de p= 0,0047. El apoyo global fue bajo en 38 personas (74,5% en el grupo en PMM y 9 (15,62% en el grupo en programa libre de drogas. Siendo normal en 13 sujetos (25,5% en el grupo en PMM y en 49 (84,38% en el grupo incluido en el programa libre de drogas. Valor de p= 0,0001. Todas las dimensiones del cuestionario MOS de apoyo social son más elevadas en el grupo en programa libre de drogas, existiendo diferencias estadísticamente significativas con el grupo en PMM. Conclusiones: Los reclusos en programa libre de drogas tienen, y así lo perciben ellos, un mayor apoyo social que los que están en PMM.

  7. Romancing the Mind

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Mette

    Why do women most often prefer watching romances and melodramas? Women’s preferences for audiovisual media are thematically concerned with the search for and choice of Mr. Right (romantic films), the loss of a partner or how to provide the best solutions for their children and themselves in relat......Why do women most often prefer watching romances and melodramas? Women’s preferences for audiovisual media are thematically concerned with the search for and choice of Mr. Right (romantic films), the loss of a partner or how to provide the best solutions for their children and themselves...... in relation to and/or in conflict with other life aspects and demands (melodramas). Feminist film theory has taken a prescriptive stance to female spectators’ choice arguing that the women’s film as a genre diminishes the female sex into a weaker kind. By utilising insights from the natural sciences, however...... and species-typical motivations, has a place in film theory. Such a framework takes a naturalised and functional stance using empirical research from a spectrum of disciplines within the natural sciences to understand women’s genre preferences, and how biology, development, and culture are naturally co-dependent. ...

  8. The Romance of the New World

    OpenAIRE

    Madsen, Deborah Lea

    1990-01-01

    This essay reviews two major contributions to the study of the American literary romance, and two recent issues of the annual, Studies in the American Renaissance. George Dekker's The American Historical Romance (1987) and Edgar A. Dryden's The Form of American Romance (1988) are situated in the context of definitions and theorizations of the American romance genre that have dominated scholarly debate: D. H. Lawrence, Studies in Classic American Literature (1924), F. O. Matthiessen, American ...

  9. "We'll Take Romance!"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moretto, Shirley; Weidenburner, Kathleen

    1984-01-01

    Discussion of popularity of romance fiction at a small public library notes origins of the paperback collection, donations by patrons and publishers, categories and representative titles (Harlequins, romantic suspense, historical novels), cataloging and preparation of paperbacks for the shelves, reader preferences, and the place of romantic novels…

  10. Excitement, Adventure, Indifference: Romance Readers' Perceptions of How Romance Reading Impacts Their Sex Lives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderton, Gretchen E.

    2009-01-01

    This mixed-methods study examined romance readers' perceptions of how reading romance novels has impacted their sex lives, feelings about their sex partners, knowledge of sexuality and their sexual behavior. Fifty-three women romance readers over the age of 18 completed an online survey composed of multiple choice and open-ended essay questions. …

  11. Excitement, Adventure, Indifference: Romance Readers' Perceptions of How Romance Reading Impacts Their Sex Lives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderton, Gretchen E.

    2009-01-01

    This mixed-methods study examined romance readers' perceptions of how reading romance novels has impacted their sex lives, feelings about their sex partners, knowledge of sexuality and their sexual behavior. Fifty-three women romance readers over the age of 18 completed an online survey composed of multiple choice and open-ended essay questions. …

  12. Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2013: Selected Papers from 'Going Romance' Amsterdam 2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aboh, E.O.; Schaeffer, J.C.; Sleeman, P.

    2015-01-01

    The Going Romance conferences are a major European annual discussion forum for theoretically relevant research on Romance languages. This volume assembles a selection of the papers that were presented at the 27th edition of Going Romance, which was organized by the University of Amsterdam in

  13. Adolescent romance: between experience and relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shulman, S; Seiffge-Krenke, I

    2001-06-01

    This concluding and integrative paper calls attention to several features and conceptual issues addressed by the contributors of this special issue. The first issue pertains to developmental perspectives in the study of how adolescent romance evolves. The second deals with the various features and concepts of adolescent romance. The third topic discusses the association of adolescent romance with other close relationships occurring during this time span. The fourth topic highlights the importance of the diversity of developmental contexts in shaping romantic relationships. Finally, conceptual issues in the study of adolescent romance are reviewed and the need for future studies of early adolescent romantic experiences is discussed.

  14. Fórmulas diplomáticas en las inscripciones medievales redactadas en romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Rodríguez Suárez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo nos ofrece un estudio de la influencia que las fórmulas documentales romances han tenido en la redacción y formulación de los textos epigráficos, en la Castilla bajo medieval. Esta influencia es especialmente evidente cuando se ponen en relación los testamentos y sus mandas con ciertos tipos de inscripciones. Es el caso de los Funera, los Monumenta fundationis, Dotationis, etc.This article focuses on the influence that romance documental formulas had in the drafting and formulation of romance epigraphic texts from late medieval Spain. This influence is especially clear if testaments and its mandas with some kind of inscriptions are compared. It is the case of Funera, Monumenta fundationis, Dotationis, etc.

  15. Características psicopatológicas en los reclusos del Penal de Socabaya de Arequipa (Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter L. Arias

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza las manifestaciones clínicas de un grupo de 78 reclusos del Penal de Socabaya de Arequipa a través del Inventario Multifásico de la Personalidad MINI MULT. Los resultados señalan que los internos de este penal presentan diversas manifestaciones psicopatológicas, clínicamente significativas. Se obtuvieron tres perfiles delictivos en base a las manifestaciones clínicas de la personalidad por medio del análisis factorial de las escalas clínicas. Estos perfiles son el ansioso, el psicopático y el deprimido.

  16. Mundo multiplo : uma analise do romance historico La guerra del fin del mundo, de Mario Vargas Llosa

    OpenAIRE

    Rinaldo Nunes Fernandes

    2002-01-01

    Resumo: Análise do romance histórico La guerra del fin del mundo (1981), do escritor peruano Mario Vargas Llosa, centrada nos personagens e nos vários pontos de vista. Num primeiro momento, há um quadro do debate sobre as relações entre Literatura e História. São apresentadas aqui, entre outras, as propostas de Hayden White, Paul Ricouer e Walter Mignolo. Em seguida, há uma abordagem da teoria do romance histórico de G. Lukács e da evolução (do séc. XIX ao séc. XX) do romance histórico hispan...

  17. Autonomía y pacientes reclusos Autonomy and patient prisoners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. García-Guerrero

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Los autores estudian una reciente sentencia de la Sala 3ª del Tribunal Supremo en la que se declara la responsabilidad patrimonial de la Administración por la muerte de un paciente preso. Se analizan los argumentos de la Sala desde una perspectiva jurídica, ética, médica y social. Concluyen que: 1: la Administración no está legitimada para imponer tratamientos médicos a los reclusos, salvo que medie riesgo grave y cierto para su vida, incapacidad para decidir o riesgo para la salud de terceros; 2: que la sentencia supone un ataque frontal a la autonomía de los pacientes presos en la toma de decisiones sanitarias que les afecten; 3: que desde un punto de vista médico es discriminatoria, ya que no mide por el mismo rasero a todas las enfermedades crónicas que se pueden dar en prisión y 4: que resulta inasumible en la práctica diaria, porque su estricta aplicación alteraría considerablemente la ya de por sí frágil ordenada convivencia en un centro penitenciario.The authors study a recent Spanish High Court decision declaring liability on the Administration’s part for the death of an inmate in a prison hospital. We analyse the Court’s decision using legal, ethical, medical and social perspectives. The conclusions are that: 1. the Administration has no legitimate right to force a prisoner to take medical treatment, except in circumstances in which there is a grave and definite risk to the patient’s life, or when the patient lacks capacity or when there is the risk of harm to the health of third parties; 2. That in the case of health decision making that might affect a patient, the Court has mounted a frontal attack on the autonomy of patients in prison; 3. That from a medical point of view the decision is discriminatory since it does not apply the same standards of measurement to all chronic illnesses that might be found in the prison context; 4. That it is inapplicable in daily practice due to the fact that its strictness of

  18. Mediocrity and Romance in The Great Gatsby

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯莹莹

    2014-01-01

    The Great Gatsby tells a romantic tragedy between Gatsby and Daisy. Throughout the novel romance and mediocrity are closely mingled together. The paper tries to explore the mixture of the both that lies in Gatsby and Daisy as well.

  19. Um romance interdisciplinar revolucionário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Cardoso Gomes

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o romance No hospício, de Rocha Pombo, procurando mostrar como o autor envereda pelo experimentalismo romanesco, o que o leva a criar uma obra revolucionária. Impregnando sua ficção com reflexões estéticas, metafísicas e a poesia, o autor criou um romance inovador que reflete as grandes inquietações do Simbolismo, no final do século XIX.

  20. The family romance fantasies of adopted children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieder, H

    1977-01-01

    Despite the absence of psychoanalytic studies to support the position, family romance fantasies have been assumed to be similar in form and function in both the adopted child and the blood kin child. My studies, documented herein from the analyses of three adoptees, reveal that knowing one is adopted results in modifications of the fantasy and that certain types of adoptees seem incapable of effectively creating the paradigmatic family romance fantasy.

  1. A leitura de romances no século XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morais Maria Arisnete Câmara de

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available O que se sabe sobre as leituras femininas no Brasil da segunda metade do século XIX? Uma geografia dessas leituras só tem sentido quando relacionada à comunidade de leitores e leitoras, utilizando-se como fonte jornais e textos literários. Enfatiza-se a rede de interdependências sociais que se estabelece entre as leitoras, os escritores e os editores do século XIX, buscando referências teórico-metodológicas em autores como Roger Chartier, Michel de Certeau e Norbert Elias. Entre as constatações, evidencia-se que: as representações do livro como companheiro da mulher são uma constante nos romances analisados; as indicações de leitura que preconizam a moral e os bons costumes e, em contrapartida, as leituras de romances considerados proibidos revelam não só as práticas de leituras femininas, mas também as táticas a que essas mulheres recorriam em busca de um espaço de leitura.

  2. A leitura de romances no século XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Arisnete Câmara de Morais

    Full Text Available O que se sabe sobre as leituras femininas no Brasil da segunda metade do século XIX? Uma geografia dessas leituras só tem sentido quando relacionada à comunidade de leitores e leitoras, utilizando-se como fonte jornais e textos literários. Enfatiza-se a rede de interdependências sociais que se estabelece entre as leitoras, os escritores e os editores do século XIX, buscando referências teórico-metodológicas em autores como Roger Chartier, Michel de Certeau e Norbert Elias. Entre as constatações, evidencia-se que: as representações do livro como companheiro da mulher são uma constante nos romances analisados; as indicações de leitura que preconizam a moral e os bons costumes e, em contrapartida, as leituras de romances considerados proibidos revelam não só as práticas de leituras femininas, mas também as táticas a que essas mulheres recorriam em busca de um espaço de leitura.

  3. Studies in Romance Linguistics. Proceedings of the Fifth Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagiwara, Michio Peter, Ed.

    This volume consists of the following papers delivered at the Fifth Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages: (1) "The Heuristics of Substratum," by Dieter Wanner; (2) "The Auxiliary in Romance," by Frederick B. Agard; (3) "Lusitanian Portuguese," by Wayne J. Redenbarger; (4) "Paradigmatic Evolution of Diphthongs: Marsian Italian and Chicano…

  4. Romance versus Reality: A Look at YA Romantic Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundin, Susan G.

    1985-01-01

    Study of young adult literature found that both formula romance fiction and contemporary realistic fiction reflect problems young people face daily. Three problem-concern areas were addressed by an average of 32.81% of romance books and 30.13% of realistic fiction--personal, intrafamily, and interpersonal. Romance books studied are listed. (14…

  5. Romance versus Reality: A Look at YA Romantic Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundin, Susan G.

    1985-01-01

    Study of young adult literature found that both formula romance fiction and contemporary realistic fiction reflect problems young people face daily. Three problem-concern areas were addressed by an average of 32.81% of romance books and 30.13% of realistic fiction--personal, intrafamily, and interpersonal. Romance books studied are listed. (14…

  6. Reading and Writing the Romance Novel: An Analysis of Romance Fiction and Its Place in the Community College Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neylon, Virginia Lyn

    The popular romance novel overlaps other genres in that it shares characteristics of mysteries, thrillers, erotica, adventure, etc.; however, it can be differentiated from those genres by the fact that the central story is not the mystery or adventure but rather the romance between the hero and heroine. The Romance Writers of America organization…

  7. Pickpocket compounds from Latin to Romance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whitehead, Benedicte Nielsen

    –noun, represented by truck–driver, has the deverbal member second and carries an agentive suffix, -er. Pickpocket compounds are attested in early strata of Greek and Indo–Iranian and in medieval strata of Germanic, Slavic and Romance. Latin has around a dozen examples. The scholarly debate, continued in this thesis....... It contains a cursory discussion of Homeric Greek, Indo–Iranian and Germanic representatives. This comparative perspective on the morphology of the type is continued in chapters 3–5 on Latin and Romance. An important conclusion, and an answer to one of the most–discussed questions in the debate......, is that these compounds cannot be considered univerbated imperative clauses. (2) is likewise assessed preliminarily in chapter 2, offering an outline of the history of the Greek and Indo–Aryan material. Taking the history of the Latin/Romance material up for revision, chapters 3–5 conclude that Latin offers no evidence...

  8. Un ejemplo de evolución literaria: Romance de El prisionero.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Grande Quejigo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available La riqueza del saber popular modifica las versiones literarias de aquellas manifestaciones que se transmiten de forma oral. En este sentido, la recreación en el siglo XX del tradicional romance de El Prisionero es un claro ejemplo de actualización del texto, acomodándolo a su tiempo y lugar, una vez alejado de su génesis. El presente artículo es una muestra de las oscilaciones de significado en la obra que, manteniendo ciertos motivos originarios, incorpora otros nuevos que lo amplifican y alteran su valor, al tiempo que nos demuestra la vigencia de la literatura de romances como ejemplo de literatura viva y en constante transformación.

  9. Una version manuscrita del romance "Yo salí de la mi tierra"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep ROMEU I FIGUERAS

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available En el manuscrito 327 die la Biblioteca de Cataluña, en Barcelona, figura el romance de las Querellas de Alfonso el Sabio, que empieza por "Yo salí de la mi tierra", singular composiuión muy conocida dentlro del romancero alfonsino, Publico la versión que del poema nos ofrece el manuscrito con la única finalidad de añadir una versión más a las ya publicadas. Al final de este trabajo transcribiré, además, tres fragmentos del mismo manuscrito, que considlero inédito, referentes a tres episodios de la historia legendaria de aquel rey, posiblemente tomados, como el romance, de alguna miscelánea, síntesis o sumario de carácter histórico del siglo XVI, cuyo colector debió tener presente la Cuarta Crónica general.

  10. Marco Zero de Oswald de Andrade : uma proposta de romance mural

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Maria Formoso Cardoso e Silva

    2003-01-01

    Resumo: O objetivo desta dissertação é estudar que proposta está envolvida na expressão "romance mural", com a qual Oswald de Andrade qualificou Marco Zero, romance publicado em dois volumes (A Revolução Melancólica e Chão) no qual o autor pretendia traçar um panorama da sociedade paulista nos anos 30. Para isso, analisamos as intenções ideológica e estética que guiaram o projeto, através do qual o escritor desejava unir sua experiência na vanguarda literária do Modernismo com a atuação na va...

  11. Pickpocket compounds from Latin to Romance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whitehead, Benedicte Nielsen

    This thesis discusses the development in Proto–Indo–European, Latin and Romance of a word–formation pattern which the most adequate terminology in use dubs ‘verbal government compounds with a governing first member’; I use the shorthand ‘pickpocket compounds’. The first member of such compounds......–noun, represented by truck–driver, has the deverbal member second and carries an agentive suffix, -er. Pickpocket compounds are attested in early strata of Greek and Indo–Iranian and in medieval strata of Germanic, Slavic and Romance. Latin has around a dozen examples. The scholarly debate, continued in this thesis...

  12. The online romance scam: a serious cybercrime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitty, Monica T; Buchanan, Tom

    2012-03-01

    The Online Romance Scam is a relatively new form of fraud that became apparent in about 2008. In this crime, criminals pretend to initiate a relationship through online dating sites then defraud their victims of large sums of money. This paper presents some descriptive statistics about knowledge and victimization of the online dating romance scam in Great Britain. Our study found that despite its newness, an estimated 230,000 British citizens may have fallen victim to this crime. We conclude that there needs to be some rethinking about providing avenues for victims to report the crime or at least making them more comfortable when doing so.

  13. Gender differences in perception of romance in Chinese college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Jie; Zhang, John X; Xie, Jing; Zou, Zhiling; Huang, Xiting

    2013-01-01

    Women often complain that their partners are not romantic enough. This raises the question: how romance is recognized and evaluated in a love relationship? However, there has been essentially no empirical research bearing on this issue. The present set of studies examined possible gender differences in perceptions of romance and the associated neural mechanisms in Chinese college students. In Study 1, 303 participants (198 women, 105 men) were administrated a questionnaire consisting of 60 sentences and required to rate the romance level of each sentence. Results showed higher rating scores in males than females for low romance items, but not for high or medium romance items. In Study 2, 69 participants (37 women, 32 men) were recruited to judge the degree of romance in sentences presented on a computer screen one by one. Compared with females, males again showed higher scores and responded more slowly only to low romance items. In Study 3, 36 participants (18 women, 18 men) currently in love with someone were scanned with functional MRI while they did the romance judgment task from Study 2. Compared with females, greater brain activation was found for males in the frontal lobe, precentral gyrus, precuneus and parahippocampal gyrus for low romance items. The results provide the first piece of evidence for gender differences in romance perception, suggesting enhanced cognitive processing in males when evaluating the degree of romance in romantic scenes.

  14. Gender differences in perception of romance in Chinese college students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Yin

    Full Text Available Women often complain that their partners are not romantic enough. This raises the question: how romance is recognized and evaluated in a love relationship? However, there has been essentially no empirical research bearing on this issue. The present set of studies examined possible gender differences in perceptions of romance and the associated neural mechanisms in Chinese college students. In Study 1, 303 participants (198 women, 105 men were administrated a questionnaire consisting of 60 sentences and required to rate the romance level of each sentence. Results showed higher rating scores in males than females for low romance items, but not for high or medium romance items. In Study 2, 69 participants (37 women, 32 men were recruited to judge the degree of romance in sentences presented on a computer screen one by one. Compared with females, males again showed higher scores and responded more slowly only to low romance items. In Study 3, 36 participants (18 women, 18 men currently in love with someone were scanned with functional MRI while they did the romance judgment task from Study 2. Compared with females, greater brain activation was found for males in the frontal lobe, precentral gyrus, precuneus and parahippocampal gyrus for low romance items. The results provide the first piece of evidence for gender differences in romance perception, suggesting enhanced cognitive processing in males when evaluating the degree of romance in romantic scenes.

  15. Gender Differences in Perception of Romance in Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Jie; Zhang, John X.; Xie, Jing; Zou, Zhiling; Huang, Xiting

    2013-01-01

    Women often complain that their partners are not romantic enough. This raises the question: how romance is recognized and evaluated in a love relationship? However, there has been essentially no empirical research bearing on this issue. The present set of studies examined possible gender differences in perceptions of romance and the associated neural mechanisms in Chinese college students. In Study 1, 303 participants (198 women, 105 men) were administrated a questionnaire consisting of 60 sentences and required to rate the romance level of each sentence. Results showed higher rating scores in males than females for low romance items, but not for high or medium romance items. In Study 2, 69 participants (37 women, 32 men) were recruited to judge the degree of romance in sentences presented on a computer screen one by one. Compared with females, males again showed higher scores and responded more slowly only to low romance items. In Study 3, 36 participants (18 women, 18 men) currently in love with someone were scanned with functional MRI while they did the romance judgment task from Study 2. Compared with females, greater brain activation was found for males in the frontal lobe, precentral gyrus, precuneus and parahippocampal gyrus for low romance items. The results provide the first piece of evidence for gender differences in romance perception, suggesting enhanced cognitive processing in males when evaluating the degree of romance in romantic scenes. PMID:24146853

  16. Einstein in love a scientific romance

    CERN Document Server

    Overbye, Dennis

    2000-01-01

    At its height, Einstein's marriage to Mileva was an extraordinary one - a colleague and often fierce adversary, Mileva was brilliantly matched with the scientific genius. Dennis Overbye seeks to present this scientific romance in a vivid light, telling the private story of the young Einstein.

  17. Medieval Romances: "Perceval" to "Monty Python."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jehle, Dorothy M.

    A selection of romances from medieval literature can be used successfully in undergraduate literature classes to trace the appearance and relevance of medieval themes, motifs, and characters in works of modern poetry, fiction, and film. New scholarly editions, historiographies, translations, and modernizations give both teachers and students more…

  18. Languages contact and geopolitics of Romance languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis-Jean Calvet

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we first conceive the contact between languages from different configurations to, secondly, analyze the geopolitics of the Romance languages, represented by the three great linguistic groups, that is, the French-speaking, Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking groups.---Original in French.

  19. Pickpocket compounds from Latin to Romance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nielsen Whitehead, Benedicte

    2012-01-01

    This thesis discusses the development in Proto–Indo–European, Latin and Romance of a word–formation pattern which the most adequate terminology in use dubs ‘verbal government compounds with a governing first member’; I use the shorthand ‘pickpocket compounds’. The first member of such compounds deri

  20. Romancing the Curriculum: Empowerment through Popular Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvis, Christine

    1995-01-01

    Returning women students (n=36) analyzed romance novels, becoming aware of how the genre privileges particular groups and values. They explored connections between the texts and their lives and recognized how cultural and social expectations are reflected in the novels and circumscribe their lives. (SK)

  1. Family Structure History and Adolescent Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Shannon E.; Crissey, Sarah R.; Raley, R. Kelly

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the association between family structure history and adolescent romance. Using a national sample drawn from Add Health (N = 13,570), family structure at Wave I was associated with the likelihood that adolescents were involved in a romantic relationship at Wave II and, among those in a relationship, the number of relationships…

  2. Guided Reading: The Romance and the Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fountas, Irene C.; Pinnell, Gay Su

    2013-01-01

    The authors examine the growth and impact of guided reading, small group teaching for differentiated instruction in reading that was stimulated by their early publications. Many changes in literacy education have been observed as a result--almost as if educators had a "romance" with guided reading and leveled books. While changes have been…

  3. O negro no romance espírita: possibilidades de escrita na história

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deise Maria Albuquerque de Lima Saraiva

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Essa escrita trata da contribuição do estudo dos romances espíritas para o entendimento histórico das relações raciais no espiritismo brasileiro de matriz francesa. Analisamos essa literatura como espaço para construção de sentidos sobre o negro que merecem ser tensionados pelo historiador para que os discursos, não obstante suas identificações doutrinárias, não sejam naturalizados, nem apartados do social. Para tanto, realizamos considerações sobre o papel do romance espírita no Brasil pontuando como, a partir de 1990, aumenta esse tipo de publicação com temas relacionados ao negro. Entretanto, um romance publicado em 1976 parece ter sido o primeiro a abordar a questão. Sobre seu conteúdo nos detemos na segunda parte do artigo, analisando os significados sobre o negro e a escravidão negra, dispostos na obra. No segmento final, indicamos como esse tipo de publicação pode ser explorado para problematizar a questão da escrita sobre o negro no espiritismo, campo vasto à pesquisa e reflexão.

  4. Responsabilidad extracontractual del Estado por afectaciones ocasionadas a los reclusos en las cárceles colombianas a causa del hacinamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Suárez Zuleta, Nathaly; Flórez Zapata, Ángela Cristina; Flórez, Esteban

    2016-01-01

    La intención principal de este artículo de síntesis se centra, especialmente, en analizar la figura de la responsabilidad extracontractual del Estado por afectaciones ocasionadas a los reclusos en las cárceles colombianas a causa del hacinamiento. Para alcanzar dicho propósito, se realiza, en primer lugar, un examen de las condiciones de hacinamiento que presentan las cárceles en Colombia por culpa de la sobrepoblación que se vive actualmente en las penitenciarías del país. En segundo lugar, ...

  5. "The Wind in the Willows" and the Style of Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, R. B.

    2012-01-01

    The style of Kenneth Grahame's "The Wind in the Willows" arises from an alternative vision and choice of values characteristic of romance. Romance seeks fulfillment beyond the consequences of everyday relationships and the constrictions of ordinary life. Causal relationships give way to lists of independent items, unmotivated outcomes, and…

  6. A Flood of Tears: "Titanic" and the Tearjerker Romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Kathleen M.

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of tearjerker romances and adolescent responses, particularly female responses, focuses on the recent movie "Titanic." Places the tearjerker romance in context with other works representing a wave of new romanticism and includes an annotated bibliography of tearjerkers in several genres appealing to adolescents. (LRW)

  7. A Psychological Perspective of Teen Romances in Young Adult Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickson, Cheryl L.

    2001-01-01

    Suggests that just as violence on television is hypothesized to increase real-life violence, television romance can likely affect views of real-life romance. Hypothesizes that literature could undo television's mistakes and bridge the gap between real love and fantasy love. (SG)

  8. "The Wind in the Willows" and the Style of Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, R. B.

    2012-01-01

    The style of Kenneth Grahame's "The Wind in the Willows" arises from an alternative vision and choice of values characteristic of romance. Romance seeks fulfillment beyond the consequences of everyday relationships and the constrictions of ordinary life. Causal relationships give way to lists of independent items, unmotivated outcomes, and…

  9. Genre Study of US and UK Romance Comedy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Meng-meng

    2014-01-01

    By comparing Love Actually and Pretty Woman, the two representatives of romance comedy, it is not difficult to arrive at the conclusion that UK romance comedy is more realism while the other is more idealism. It more or less has something relat-ed to the different cultures and national characters between the US and the UK.

  10. A Developmental History of the Hispano-Romance Verb Conjugations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stovicek, Thomas William

    2010-01-01

    This study outlines the development of Portuguese and Spanish verbal morphology from Latin in the context of the Hispanic branch of Romance, with a focus on the conjugational classes, whose number has been reduced to only three in this branch of Western Romance. It is innovative in approaching the topic as a study of sequential productive grammars…

  11. Passionate Virtue: Conceptions of Medical Professionalism in Popular Romance Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Medical romance fiction is a subgenre of popular romance fiction that features medical professionals in their work environment. This essay explores the way professionalism is portrayed in popular medical romance fiction written during the early twenty-first century, a period of significant disruption in both the public image and self-understanding of organized medicine. I analyze a selection of contemporary medical romance novels, published between 2008 and 2012, demonstrating that medical romance fiction is a form of public intervention in apparently insular debates over medical professionalism. I conclude that they promote "nostalgic professionalism," a vision of physicians as a select group of highly educated, self-regulated experts who provide, with a caring and altruistic attitude, a vitally important service to society, while at the same time generating implicit critiques of it.

  12. Do romance folhetinesco às telenovelas

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    This work aims at draw up a route of the serial novel’s (roman-feuilleton) transformation since its transmission by Brazilian newspapers of the 19th century, going by the 40s’ radio soap of the 20th century to the victory of soap operas that, in the last four decades, are being the most important product of mass narrative in Brazil. / Este trabalho tem como objetivo traçar um rápido percurso do processo de transformação do romance folhetinesco, desde a sua veiculação pelos jornais brasileiros...

  13. The Romance of the Ising Model

    CERN Document Server

    McCoy, Barry M

    2011-01-01

    The essence of romance is mystery. In this talk, given in honor of the 60th birthday of Michio Jimbo, I will explore the meaning of this for the Ising model beginning in 1946 with Bruria Kaufman and Willis Lamb, continuing with the wedding by Jimbo and Miwa in 1980 of the Ising model with the Painlev{\\'e} VI equation which had been first discovered by Picard in 1889. I will conclude with the current fascination of the magnetic susceptibility and explore some of the mysteries still outstanding.

  14. Crítica social e idéias médicas nos excessos do desejo: uma análise dos "romances para homens" de finais do século XIX e início do XX Social criticism and medical ideas on desires' excesses: a study of "novels for men" from late nineteenth to early twentieth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra El Far

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura analisar a produção literária pornográfica desde a segunda metade do século XIX até o início do XX no Brasil. Também conhecidos como "leitura para homens" ou "romances para homens", esses enredos alcançaram uma repercussão singular naquele período. Se, em um primeiro momento, essas narrativas, repletas de fantasias e desejos, tratavam de questões sociais e políticas, com a chegada do novo século, de modo evidente, elas passaram a estabelecer um estreito diálogo com as teorias médicas e científicas da época.This article analyses the pornographic literature from the second half of the nineteenth century until the beginning of the twentieth century in Brazil. Also known as "reading for men" or "novels for men", these plots reached a singular repercussion at the time. If at first these stories, full of fantasies and desires, talked about both social and political issues, with the coming of the new century they clearly started to establish a close dialogue with current medical and scientific theories.

  15. Romance tourism or female sex tourism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Irmgard L

    2014-01-01

    Love, sex and the female traveller: romance tourism or female sex tourism? The phenomenon of women travelling in search of relationships with local men in developing countries has been studied for the last 20 years. However, it appears little known in travel medicine. Relevant literature was found through PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest and Google Scholar. The reference lists of selected articles identified further sources. Historical records of women travellers to far-away countries abound. Then, as now, women not only searched for the erotic 'other' but made romance and sex the purpose of their trip. Today, increasing numbers of women travel to destinations in developing countries where sex with local men is the main attraction. This pastime raises concerns not only for the women themselves but for the local men involved as well as their sex partners and the local communities. Although more research is necessary, comparing the criteria that describe men travelling for sex and relationships and women travelling for sex and relationships appears to suggest that there is very little difference between the two, regardless of what the pursuit is called. Women looking for sex with local men are sex tourists, too. Recognition of this fact needs to influence the pre and post travel care of female travellers. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Romance and Irony: Archetypal Antagonists and Literary Narratives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid M. Easa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on Robert Foulke and Paul Smith’s view of literary narratives in their An Anatomy of Literature, this paper explores how narrative irony intrudes on narrative romance. The purpose is to show how, from an archetypal perspective, narrative irony subverts the components of romance by exercising a blurring effect on the traditional romantic aspects such as the quest, the world of values and triumphant recovery. Foulke and Smith argue that these two narrative function most by implication rather than in a straight foreword fashion: “The narrative pattern is not identical with the observable features of the text but is implicit in them” (p. 3. This paper examines one prime literary example to illustrate the archetypal nature of narrative romance and irony. Additionally, it demonstrates, by exploring three short stories, from Joyce, Hawthorne and Welty, how narrative irony mocks narrative romance by mimicking its constituents.

  17. Do You Love Me? Psychological Characteristics of Romance Scam Victims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitty, Monica T

    2017-06-28

    The online dating romance scam is an Advance Fee Fraud, typically conducted by international criminal groups via online dating sites and social networking sites. This type of mass-marketing fraud (MMF) is the most frequently reported type of MMF in most Western countries. This study examined the psychological characteristics of romance scam victims by comparing romance scam victims with those who had never been scammed by MMFs. Romance scam victims tend to be middle-aged, well-educated women. Moreover, they tend to be more impulsive (scoring high on urgency and sensation seeking), less kind, more trustworthy, and have an addictive disposition. It is argued here that these findings might be useful for those developing prevention programs and awareness campaigns.

  18. Gender Differences in Perception of Romance in Chinese College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Yin, Jie; John X Zhang; Xie, Jing; Zou, Zhiling; Huang, Xiting

    2013-01-01

    Women often complain that their partners are not romantic enough. This raises the question: how romance is recognized and evaluated in a love relationship? However, there has been essentially no empirical research bearing on this issue. The present set of studies examined possible gender differences in perceptions of romance and the associated neural mechanisms in Chinese college students. In Study 1, 303 participants (198 women, 105 men) were administrated a questionnaire consisting of 60 se...

  19. Do Verso à Prosa: o potencial Histórico dos Romances de Cavalaria (Séculos XII-XIV * From Verse to Prose: the Historical potential of Chivalry Romances (Eleventh-Fourteenth Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CAROLINA GUAL DA SILVA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Nesse artigo pretendemos problematizar o uso dos romances de cavalaria como documento histórico para investigação da Idade Média. Preocupados em refletir sobre o surgimento desse gênero textual, sua função e seu potencial de investigação histórica, nos dedicamos a analisar um conjunto de obras – os Romans de Chrétien de Troyes, o Tristão de Béroul e o Romance da Melusina de Jean D’Arras. Nosso objetivo é verificar como elas veiculam determinadas representações sociais, cuja finalidade era formalizar uma ação pedagógica em meio às cortes francesas, onde foram proclamados.   Palavras-chave: Literatura – História – Idade Média. Abstract: This article’s intention is to problematize the use of chivalry romances as historical documents for the investigation of the Middle Ages. Concerned with understanding the appearance of this textual genre, its function and historical investigative potential, we have analyzed a group of works – Chrétien de troyes’s Romans, Béroul’s Tristan, and Jean d’Arras’s Melusine Romance. Our goal is to verify how these works portray certain social representations, whose finality was to formalize a pedagogic action in the French courts where they were recited.Keywords: Literature – History – Middle Ages. 

  20. Do romance folhetinesco às telenovelas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Imaculada Cavalcante

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This work aims at draw up a route of the serial novel’s (roman-feuilleton transformation since its transmission by Brazilian newspapers of the 19th century, going by the 40s’ radio soap of the 20th century to the victory of soap operas that, in the last four decades, are being the most important product of mass narrative in Brazil. / Este trabalho tem como objetivo traçar um rápido percurso do processo de transformação do romance folhetinesco, desde a sua veiculação pelos jornais brasileiros do século XIX, passando pelas radionovelas dos anos 40 do século XX, à vitória das telenovelas que, nas quatro últimas décadas, vêm se tornando o produto mais marcante da narrativa de massa do Brasil.

  1. Happily Ever After...And After: Serialization and the Popular Romance Novel

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    An Goris

    2013-01-01

    ... wider development in the romance genre that needs our attention. The unprecedented prevalence and popularity of romance novels that are part of narrative series raises a number of pressing questions...

  2. Bodice Rippers without the Bodice: Ten Male-on-Male Romances for a Core Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Devon

    2011-01-01

    One of the hottest growing segments of the romance genre is male-on-male (M/M) romance--gay romantic fiction mostly written and read by straight women. Featuring traditional romance conventions, including mistaken identities, star-crossed lovers, and happy endings, these stories show both physical and emotional intimacy between men. M/M builds on…

  3. Bodice Rippers without the Bodice: Ten Male-on-Male Romances for a Core Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Devon

    2011-01-01

    One of the hottest growing segments of the romance genre is male-on-male (M/M) romance--gay romantic fiction mostly written and read by straight women. Featuring traditional romance conventions, including mistaken identities, star-crossed lovers, and happy endings, these stories show both physical and emotional intimacy between men. M/M builds on…

  4. Evolución de la fibrosis hepática en reclusos coinfectados por VIH y VHC que inician tratamiento con inhibidores de la proteasa potenciados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Saiz de la Hoya Zamácola

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Analizar la evolución de la fibrosis hepática medida por elastografía y pruebas bioquímicas en reclusos coinfectados por VIH y VHC que han iniciado tratamiento antirretroviral con lopinavir/ritonavir u otros inhibidores de la proteasa potenciados con ritonavir. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo, observacional y multicéntrico. Se comprobó durante 48 semanas la evolución de la fibrosis hepática medida mediante elastografía de transición (FibroScan y pruebas bioquímicas en población penitenciaria española coinfectada por VIH y VHC. Resultados: De los 94 pacientes incluidos, 54 (57,4% fueron seguidos durante 48 semanas. En la semana 48, no hubo cambios significativos en el grado de fibrosis medida mediante FibroScan (8,1 Kpa vs 8,3; p=0.20 o índice de FORNS (5,6 vs 5,1; p=0,50, aunque sí con el índice APRI (0.7 vs 0.6; p=0.05 y el índice FIB-4 (p=0,02. Cuando la medición se realizó en función del grado de fibrosis basal, se observó que el tratamiento redujo el porcentaje de pacientes con fibrosis basal de grado 3/4 (50% vs 15%; p=0,001, pero no hubo cambios en los que ya tenían basalmente grado 4 (20,4% vs 20,4%. Conclusión: Los reclusos coinfectados por VIH y VHC que inician tratamiento antirretroviral con lopinavir/ritonavir muestran una estabilización de la fibrosis hepática medida con FibroScan® tras un año de seguimiento. En conjunto, el tratamiento mejoró la fibrosis cuando la referencia de medición fue el índice APRI y el FIB-4, pero no con el índice FORNS o la elastografía.

  5. Stunted sexuality in havvthorne's the blithedale romance Stunted sexuality in havvthorne's the blithedale romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold Gordenstein

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related Coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at Blithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind. By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related Coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at lithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind.

  6. Riscritture del romance nel secondo Novecento italiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Nicosia

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Si intende offrire una panoramica ragionata sul ritorno del romance della tradizione italiana, sotto forma di riscrittura, attraverso le opere di alcuni autori del nostro secondo Novecento. Piuttosto che un’analisi di ogni singola riscrittura, che necessiterebbe uno spazio a se stante, si privilegia qui la descrizione del fenomeno  nelle sue implicazioni con le modalità di trasformazione della tradizione e con il contesto intellettuale di una stagione della cultura italiana. Dal nucleo fondamentale degli anni Sessanta-Settanta, la ricchezza dei palinsesti proposti si allunga fino agli anni Novanta. Le riscritture interessano infatti tanto Calvino, Manganelli e Sanguineti, quanto Celati, Bufalino e le declinazioni del fumetto Disney, con due appendici ancora più vicine ai nostri giorni: Santagata e Marini. Attraverso questi testi e le tecniche che dispiegano, è possibile verificare la consistenza e la qualità di alcune pratiche di letteratura e cultura che si possono ascrivere ad una poetica compiutamente postmoderna nel nostro paese, poetica di riutilizzo dei materiali della tradizione in senso vitale e nuovamente generativo per le storie e i generi letterari.

  7. O romance Ver: Amor e as listas do trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breno Fonseca Rodrigues

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo faz uma análise do romance Ver: Amor, de David Grossman, buscando destacar algumas referências a enciclopédias, listas, coleções e verbetes, em relação à catástrofe que ocorreu na Segunda Guerra Mundial. Pode-se dizer que há, no romance, uma tentativa de circunscrever a Shoah por meio da escrita. Assim, busca-se analisar as pistas que o escritor fornece, da tentativa de rememorar e refletir sobre o mundo antes, durante e, principalmente, depois dos horrores da Shoah.

  8. BOAVENTURA CARDOSO E O ROMANCE ANGOLANO: REVISTO E ATUALIZADO / Boaventura Cardoso and the Angolan novel: reviewed and revised

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Saraiva (UNILAB

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este texto aponta indícios de como a forma romanesca moderna, cunhada a partir da e para a cultura ocidental, passa por constantes processos de revisão e atualiza-se movida pelo projeto sócio-político-cultural das sociedades que lhe dão conteúdo. No caso de Angola, novas estratégias literárias como a conjunção deliberada entre oralidade e escrita têm sido apresentadas nos romances do escritor e político angolano Boaventura Cardoso. O artigo, por isso, irá brevemente analisar e interpretar tanto o conteúdo quanto a forma literária adotados nos seguintes romances de Cardoso: O signo do fogo (1992, Maio, mês de Maria (1997 e Mãe, materno mar (2001. Como marcos teóricos desta investigação, adotaremos da tradição europeia o pensamento de intelectuais como Bakthin (Teoria do romance e Auerbach (Mimesis. Do lado de uma tradição produzida a partir das próprias balizas da cultura africana, recorreremos a autores como Laura Padilha e Inocência Mata, além de Rita Chaves e Tania Macêdo. Palavras-chave: Angola, romance, Boaventura Cardoso. ABSTRACT This text aims to indicate how novelistic form coined from and for Occidental culture would recycle and update itself in accordance with the sociopolitical-cultural project in Africans societies. In the case of Angola, new literary strategies as the deliberate combination between orality and writing have been presented in the novels of the Angolan writer and politician Boaventura Cardoso.  This paper, therefore, will briefly analyze and interpret both the content and the literary form adopted in the following Cardoso novels: O signo do fogo (1992, Maio, mês de Maria (1997, and Mãe, materno mar (2001. As theoretical frameworks of research, we adopt the thinking of intellectuals of European tradition as Bakhtin (Theory of the novel and Auerbach (Mimesis. From the tradition produced from own marks of African culture, we resort to authors such as Laura Padilha and Inocência Mata

  9. The "F" Word: Is Feminism Incompatible with Beauty and Romance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudman, Laurie A.; Fairchild, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    Three studies examined the predictive utility of heterosexual relationship concerns vis-a-vis support for feminism. Study 1 showed that beauty is perceived to be at odds with feminism, for both genders. The stereotype that feminists are unattractive was robust, but fully accounted for by romance-related attributions. Moreover, more attractive…

  10. Shostakovich: Six Romances on Japanese Poems, Op. 21 / David Nice

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nice, David

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Shostakovich: Six Romances on Japanese Poems, Op. 21. Six Poems of Marina Tsvetayeva, Op. 143. Suite on Verses of Michelangelo, Op. 145. Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi. DG 447 085-2GH (71 minutes:DDD)

  11. The "F" Word: Is Feminism Incompatible with Beauty and Romance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudman, Laurie A.; Fairchild, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    Three studies examined the predictive utility of heterosexual relationship concerns vis-a-vis support for feminism. Study 1 showed that beauty is perceived to be at odds with feminism, for both genders. The stereotype that feminists are unattractive was robust, but fully accounted for by romance-related attributions. Moreover, more attractive…

  12. Progressivism, Schools and Schools of Education: An American Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labaree, David F.

    2005-01-01

    This paper tells a story about progressivism, schools and schools of education in twentieth-century America. Depending on one's position in the politics of education, this story can assume the form of a tragedy or a romance, or perhaps even a comedy. The heart of the tale is the struggle for control of American education in the early twentieth…

  13. Core Collections in Genre Studies: Romance Fiction 101

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Neal Wyatt; Georgine Olson; Kristin Ramsdell; Joyce Saricks; Lynne Welch

    2007-01-01

    .... The Reading List, as the new list will be called, honors the single best title in eight genre categories: romance, mystery, science fiction, fantasy, horror, historical fiction, women's fiction, and the adrenaline genre group consisting of thriller, suspense, and adventure. To celebrate this new list and explore the wealth of genre l...

  14. Shostakovich: Six Romances on Japanese Poems, Op. 21 / David Nice

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nice, David

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Shostakovich: Six Romances on Japanese Poems, Op. 21. Six Poems of Marina Tsvetayeva, Op. 143. Suite on Verses of Michelangelo, Op. 145. Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi. DG 447 085-2GH (71 minutes:DDD)

  15. Dying for romance: risk taking as purposive behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Jason T

    2011-12-01

    Many approaches have been utilized to understand adolescent risk taking. The current research frames risk taking as a purposive behavior enacted with a specific goal in mind. Rather than assuming adolescent risk taking to be the result of arrogance or perceived invulnerability, adolescent risk taking is interpreted as a means to an end. Stemming from a Tolmanian framework, an alternative explanation for adolescent risk taking is tested: adolescents are willing to take risks to the extent that the risk is associated with a needed outcome - the greater the need for the outcome, the greater the willingness to take risks. To test the proposed hypothesis, 192 participants completed a survey about their need for a romantic relationship and their willingness to endure harm to obtain a romantic relationship. Data were collected at two time points. A hierarchical regression revealed that need for romance is a significant predictor of willingness to endure harm for romance, even after gender and sensation seeking are statistically controlled. Moreover, need for romance at T1 was shown to be predictive of harm for romance at T2. Results are supportive of taking a purposive - that is, Tolmanian - approach, as a means for interpreting adolescent behavior.

  16. On the contrast between Germanic and Romance negated quantifiers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cirillo, R.

    2009-01-01

    Universal quantifiers can be stranded in the manner described by Sportiche (1988), Giusti (1990) and Shlonsky (1991) in both the Romance and Germanic languages, but a negated universal quantifier can only be stranded in the Germanic languages. The goal of this paper is to show that this contrast

  17. Racial Diversity, Romance Language and Literature Departments, and Interdisciplinary Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharpley-Whiting, T. Denean

    1999-01-01

    Discusses francophone studies as a race-diversifying strategy in higher education, examining the role of Romance language and literature departments. Francophonia requires an intercultural examination of French culture in the context of the cross-cultural (which could occur through an interdisciplinary alliance of the French department and African…

  18. The Greek Phyllada and the Old Serbian Alexander Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Usakiewicz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Greek Phyllada and the Old Serbian Alexander Romance The texts presents chosen fragments of the Greek "Phyllada", or the story about Alexander the Great, and its Polish translation, with an introduction commenting the relation between the Greek and Serbian version of Alexader's gesta.

  19. El cancionero de los romances judeo-Espanoles de Sarajevo de Laura Papo-bojoteta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamed Nezirović

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Los autores e investigadores europeos e americanos que se han ocupado desde principios de este siglo hasta nuestros días del fenómeno de los romances sefardíes de Bosnia, país en el cual vivía antes de la última Guerra Mundial una población judía muy activa y muy importante que Manuel Ortega, en esta época presidente de la Federación de las Asociaciones Sefardíes de Marruecos, caracterizaba en 1930 en estos términos: "Precisamente el grupo de Sefardíes de Sarajevo es uno de los que nos ha preocupado en todo momento por su situación privilegiada en el eje de las corrientes culturales del Oriente europeo, donde tan alto colocan el pabellón de la cultura hispana que ellos f ormaron en su mayor parte'', citan en tre los colectores de esta poesía bien a los judíos originarios de Bosnia como Dan S. Albachary, Maurice Levi o Kalmi Baruch, bien a los extranjeros como Leo Wiener, Manuel Manrique de Lara o Cynthia Crews. Ellos, sin embargo, omiten el nombre de una mujer bosníaca, Laura Papo-Bojoreta, que tiene un lugar destacado en la literatura judeoespañola de Yugoslavia no solamente como autora de unas obras literarias de gran valor, sino también como coleccionadora de los romances judíos de su país natal.

  20. Palavras, sons e imagens em cartaz: aspectos de intermidialidade no romance Benjamin, de Chico Buarque, e na adaptação cinematográfica de Monique Gardenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Cristina Barros

    2006-12-01

    presentes e relacionadas intimamente entre si, dentro do filme. A combinação e a fusão dessas relações intertextuais e intermidiáticos, no romance e na adaptação, remetem-nos ao conceito de transtextualidade – desenvolvido por Gérard Genette a partir dos termos “dialogismo”, de Mikhail Bakhtin, e “intertextualidade”, de Julia Kristeva, e apropriado pelo crítico de cinema Robert Stam.

  1. Romanistik ohne Latein? Zu einer Empfehlung der Konferenz der Romanischen Seminare (Romance Studies without Latin? On a Recommendation from the Conference of Romance Seminars)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumeister, Sebastian

    1973-01-01

    Reaction to a February 19, 1972 recommendation of the Konferenz der Romanischen Seminare der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und West-Berlins in Deutschen Romanistenverband'' (Conference of Romance Seminars of the Federal Republic of Germany and West Berlin of the German Association of Romance Philologists) to discontinue the Latin prerequisite for…

  2. The latin verb within the romance lexical family:trahō, trahere, traxī, tractum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia PITIRICIU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Latin verb had an important role in creating the Romance lexical family: it was the base for derivation and it developed its own lexical family later enherited in Romance languages whether we talk about nouns, adjectives, verbs or adverbs. Trahō, trahere, traxī, tractum, inherited in Romance languages, underwent a process of regularization in point of its forms: tractō, tractare, tractavi, tractatum, a first conjugation verb. The verbs formed by means of prefixation constituted the bases of a series of Latin lexical microfamilies which have correspondents in each Romance language. The newly-formed terms, borrowed from Latin into Romance languages, at different moments, depending on various historical and geographical conditions, followed the Latin pattern.Derivational morphology is defining for the large Romance lexical family. The semantics of both the initial and the derived forms reflect the history of work, of ancient human occupations.

  3. Clustering of affective categories in Scandinavian and Romance languages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sauciuc, Gabriela-Alina

    communication), this study focuses on levels and patterns of categorization in the domain of affectivity. Cross-cultural comparable data collected in several Romance (Spanish, Italian, Romanian) and Scandinavian (Danish, Swedish, Norwegian) languages with the help of a series of experiments inspired by Fehr...... categorizations in the 6 languages, with the Romance languages and Norwegian having 2, and Danish and Swedish only 1. Special attention is devoted, not as much to frequency of mention, order of mention and indexes of salience - parameters that are usually discussed in categorization and cultural domain studies...... - but first and foremost to the patterns of clustering and the relationships holding between the various categories mentioned by every single informant and across the lists, as made obvious by the data. Domain access point is identified as a privileged position that tends to coincide with categories promoting...

  4. El romance y la identidad del personaje moderno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bigazzi, Roberto

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Changes in a literary genre bear witness of the modification of identity in history. Novel and romance are the ‘modes’ through which characters define their changing identity starting from Ariosto and Cervantes. Austen and Scott, Manzoni, Stendhal, Flaubert, Pirandello, Calvino and Antonia Byatt provide examples of how fully characters are aware of this connection between ‘mode’ and identity.Cambios en un género literario dan testimonio de la modificación de la identidad en la historia. Novel y romance son los ‘modos’ mediante los cuales los personajes definen su cambiante identidad empezando desde Ariosto y Cervantes. Austen y Scott, Manzoni, Stendhal, Flaubert, Pirandello, Calvino y Antonia Byatt proporcionan ejemplos de cómo personajes densos son conscientes de esa conexión entre ‘modo’ e identidad.

  5. The Old Serbian Alexander Romance and the Greek Phyllada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Usakiewicz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper includes a short introduction and four excerpts from the Old Serbian Alexander Romance translated into Polish by Maciej Falski.   Tekst zawiera krótką prezentację zagadnienia filiacji Opowieści o Aleksandrze w bałkańskiej przestrzeni kulturowej oraz przekład fragmentów tzw. Serbskiej Aleksandreidy na język polski.

  6. From verbal prefixes to direction/result markers in Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrizia Cordin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I analyze verb-locative constructions in Romance. Even though not allowed in standard Romance languages, which have maintained and codified the classical Latin prefix system, these constructions are widely attested in non standard varieties, that are scarcely (or not at all regularized. In this paper I deal in particular with a northern Italian variety, Trentino, where locatives, combining with some classes of verbs (unaccusative verbs and transitive activity verbs can express not only concrete direction and metaphorical direction, but also aspect (the result of an activity or the progress of a process; in other words, they can express an abstract, more grammaticalized feature of direction. In fact, Trentino verb-locative constructions can express a specific phase of the development of an event, often the result (end-point of an activity, or the start-point, or the progress, or the intensity of the activity itself. I argue that in Trentino (and in other similar dialectal varieties locatives can function as grammatical markers both for arguments (in combination with motion verbs and for aspect (in combination with verbs involving the feature of an abstract path. In a more general context, I note that locatives in combination of verbs function as goal/result markers in those varieties that tend to spell out markers of functional elements, frequently generating a repetition (doubling of the same feature. Finally, I compare Romance and Germanic constructions, noting that diachronic, grammatical and typological differences (with particular reference to Talmy's distinction between verb-framed languages and satellite languages confirm the independence of Romance verb-locative constructions.

  7. Epic and Romance in The Lord Of The Rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Simonson

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the field of comparative literature The Lord of the Rings has been most frequently studied within the contexts of romance and epic. This approach, however, leaves out important generic aspects of the global picture, such as the narrative’s strong adherence to the novel genre and to mythic traditions beyond romance and epic narratives. If we choose one particular genre as the yardstick against which to measure the work’s success in narrative terms, we tend to end up with the conclusion that The Lord of the Rings does not quite make sense within the given limits of the genre in question. In Tolkien’s work there is a narrative and stylistic exploration of the different genres’ constraints in which the Western narrative traditions – myth, epic, romance, the novel, and their respective subgenres – interact in a previously unknown but still very much coherent world that, because of the particular cohesion required by such a chronotope, exhibits a clear contextualization of references to the previous traditions. As opposed to many contemporary literary expressions, the ensuing absence of irony and parody creates a generic dialogue, in which the various narrative traditions explore and interrogate each other’s limits without rendering the others absurdly incompatible, ridiculous or superfluous.

  8. Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Sex and Romance in Asexuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulmer, Maria; Izuma, Keise

    2017-03-31

    Despite the recent surge of interest in sexuality, asexuality has remained relatively underresearched. Distinct from abstinence or chastity, asexuality refers to a lack of sexual attraction toward others. Past research suggests asexuals have negative attitudes toward sex, though no research has examined implicit attitudes. While preliminary evidence suggests that many asexuals are interested in engaging in romantic relationships, these attitudes have yet to be examined thoroughly, implicitly, or compared with a control group. This study investigated explicit and implicit attitudes toward sex and romance in a group of asexuals (N = 18, age M = 21.11) and a group of controls (N = 27, age M = 21.81), using the Asexuality Identification Scale (AIS), the Triangular Love Scale (TLS), semantic differentials, an Implicit Association Task (IAT), and two Single Category IATs. It was found that asexuals exhibited more negative explicit and implicit attitudes toward sex, as well as more negative explicit attitudes toward romance, relative to controls. There was no significant difference between groups on implicit romantic attitudes. Moreover, aromantic asexuals demonstrated significantly more negative explicit attitudes toward romance than romantic asexuals, though there was no significant difference between groups on implicit measures. Explanations and implications of these findings are discussed.

  9. Western Romance Fiction as English-Language Media in Postcolonial India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameswaran, Radhika

    1999-01-01

    Contributes to cultural-studies scholarship on ethnographic media studies by examining the reception of imported romance novels among women in postcolonial urban India. Shows that romance novels were found pleasurable because they were an extension of Indian women's childhood English-language reading, and they were viewed as resources to improve…

  10. Genesis and Evolution of the Romance-Germanic Language Border in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Durme, Luc

    2002-01-01

    Discusses various language border theories for the Belgian-Northern French area, and summarizes the results of 40 years of research into the development of the Romance-Germanic language border at large. Suggests that a late Roman Latin-Germanic opposition has functioned as a direct predisposition for the early medieval Romance-Germanic language…

  11. Shaping idealisms : studies in Middle English romances and the literature of the Medieval Revival

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldhoen, Norbertus Hermanus Gijsbertus Emmanuel

    2014-01-01

    Shaping Idealisms consists of eleven articles published earlier and three unpublished articles, a general introduction and a conclusion. The articles are mostly about Middle English romances and nineteenth- and twentieth-century romance-related texts. The general theme is the tension between convent

  12. Pitch Accent Alignment in Romance: Primary and Secondary Associations with Metrical Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto, Pilar; D'Imperio, Mariapaola; Fivela, Barbara Gili

    2005-01-01

    The article describes the contrastive possibilities of alignment of high accents in three Romance varieties, namely, Central Catalan, Neapolitan Italian, and Pisa Italian. The Romance languages analyzed in this article provide crucial evidence that small differences in alignment in rising accents should be encoded phonologically. To account for…

  13. Pitch Accent Alignment in Romance: Primary and Secondary Associations with Metrical Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto, Pilar; D'Imperio, Mariapaola; Fivela, Barbara Gili

    2005-01-01

    The article describes the contrastive possibilities of alignment of high accents in three Romance varieties, namely, Central Catalan, Neapolitan Italian, and Pisa Italian. The Romance languages analyzed in this article provide crucial evidence that small differences in alignment in rising accents should be encoded phonologically. To account for…

  14. On the lack of stranded negated quantifiers and inverse scope of negation in Romance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cirillo, R.

    2013-01-01

    The Germanic languages allow floating negated quantifiers (The children have not all not eaten) while the Romance languages do not. The Germanic languages also allow negation to take inverse scope over a universal quantifier (All the children have not eaten) whereas the Romance languages are very

  15. Western Romance Fiction as English-Language Media in Postcolonial India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameswaran, Radhika

    1999-01-01

    Contributes to cultural-studies scholarship on ethnographic media studies by examining the reception of imported romance novels among women in postcolonial urban India. Shows that romance novels were found pleasurable because they were an extension of Indian women's childhood English-language reading, and they were viewed as resources to improve…

  16. Infección por VIH, Hepatitis B y Sífilis en reclusos de centros penitenciarios de Venezuela, 1998-2001 HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis infection in inmates of Venezuela's prisons, 1998-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Posada

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de VIH, Hepatitis B y Sífilis en reclusos durante el período 1998-2001. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal realizado en 6 centros penitenciarios con una muestra de 1.773 reclusos voluntarios. Se recolectaron y analizaron muestras sanguíneas para la identificación de anticuerpos contra el VIH, anti core de la Hepatitis B y Treponema pallidum a través de inmunoensayos enzimáticos (ELISA y RPR, respectivamente. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 456 casos positivos de los cuales 70 (4,0% correspondieron a VIH, 280 (16,2% para Hepatitis B y 106 (6,1% para Sífilis. El mayor porcentaje de casos VIH positivos se ubica en los reclusos más jóvenes (18 a 37 años; el número de casos de Hepatitis B aumentó progresivamente con la edad hasta alcanzar un porcentaje máximo en el grupo de 48-57 años; no se observó diferencia estadística significativa en los casos de sífilis con relación a la edad pero si entre los casos positivos para VIH y Hepatitis B en relación con la edad, tiempo y número de centros de reclusión.Objective: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B and syphilis amongst inmates during the time period 1998-2001. Materials and Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out at 6 prisons using a volunteer sample of 1773 inmates. Blood samples were gathered and analysed using enzyme linked immunoassays (ELISA and RPR screening tests to identify the presence of HIV antibodies, Hepatitis B anti-core antibodies and treponema pallidum. Results: 456 cases gave a positive response to tests, 70 (4,0% of which gave positive results for HIV, 280 (16,2% for Hepatitis B and 106 (6,1% for syphilis. The greatest percentage of HIV cases were found amongst the youngest inmates (18 to 37 years. The number of Hepatitis B cases increased progressively in line with age until reaching a maximum percentage in the 48-57 age group. No significant statistical difference for age was

  17. O Romance da Pedra do Reino: its place in history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEDRO DOLABELA CHAGAS

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Four structural elements of Ariano Suassuna’s “O Romance da Pedra do Reino” are described: the plot, its narrator, its meta-literary component and its relations with Brazil’s political and intellectual history. This serves as a background for its interpretation as an “encyclopedic narrative” and a “modern epic”, subgenres defined respectively by E. Mendelson and F. Moretti. We believe that its inscription in these two categories will finally clarify the place that it wanted to occupy within Brazil’s literary and cultural history at the time of its release, in 1971.

  18. A personagem feminina medieval no romance "O guarani"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afrânio Gurgel Lucena

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7917.2011v16n1p60 Objetivamos apresentar uma análise intertextual do texto literário que contempla um processo de constituição mítica das personagens do romance O Guarani (1857 do escritor José de Alencar. Focamos a análise sobre a jovem Cecília para onde descobrimos sua adaptação “estática” como mito medieval no romance romântico brasileiro. O amor incondicional, protetor e servil do índio Peri (Um arquétipo do cavaleiro medieval. condiciona a construção da amada, pois sob o mito medieval do amor cortês, uma personagem é formada em função da outra, são destinos opostos que buscam o equilíbrio no amor. Mesmo sendo algo distante e inacessível, como apresentam as trovadorescas Cantigas de amor. Na fundamentação teórica, temos: MOISÉS (2004 - 2005 caracterizando o mythos e as definições das personagens planas e redondas; uma referência platônica ao amor servil no Banquete; Spalding (1973, Brunel (1988 para as dicionarizações acerca da temática e da crítica; na teoria literária, Brunel, Pichois e Rousseau (1995, p.115: o mito, “um conjunto narrativo consagrado pela tradição”; em Samuel (2000, a literariedade mítica na formação de um povo; Bosi (1994, informações sobre o indianismo e Coutinho (1988, gênese da nossa literariedade e o romance romântico. Assim, nosso trabalho apresenta um resultado ao estudo literário: a influência temática da Idade Média e seu mítico amor (cortês e servil na composição do romance indianista.

  19. Surrealismo e romance na França

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa de Freitas

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Panorama histórico do surrealismo literário na França e o caminho percorrido pelo romance no interior desse movimento, de modo a se constituir com autonomia frente à linha tradicional do gênero.Panorama historique du surréalisme littéraire en France et le chemin parcourru par le roman à l'intérieur de ce mouvement, de façon à se constituer en tant qu'autonome face à la tradition du genre.

  20. Romance, recognition and revenge in Marie Clements's The Unnatural and Accidental Women

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bamford, Karen

    2010-01-01

    This essay considers the relationship of Marie Clements's The Unnatural and Accidental Women to European traditions of drama and folk narrative, and especially its relation to the genres of revenge tragedy and romance...

  1. Reaction to Crisis in Gothic Romance: Radcliffe’s The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadej Braček

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Gothic romances were primarily women’s domain. This is proven by the fact that from the end of the eighteenth century to the beginning of the nineteenth century more than fifty female authors wrote Gothic romances. In the first part the paper depicts the emergence of romances, clarifies the notion of the Gothic and explains the theory of Gothic romances. The second part focuses on Ann Radcliffe’s first novel, The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne. This section analyses in what way men and women react to crises. It concludes that reactions are primarily based not on sex but on the benevolence and malevolence of literary characters. The former react with higher intensity on the physical level (passing out, becoming ill and the latter react vehemently in emotional sense towards their rivals. The originality of the article lies in the systematic analysis of characters’ responses to crisis and in the study of atypical features of this Gothic novel.

  2. Romance in Peril: A Survey of the Genre in Seventeenth Century English Literature

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bal, Mustafa

    2008-01-01

    .... In this sense, this article analyses reasons of the decline of the romance tradition throughout seventeenth century English literature as well as examining how the genre managed to survive either...

  3. Discipline and passion: meaning, masochism and mythology in popular medical romances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVries, S; Dunlop, M; Goopy, S; Moyle, W; Sutherland-Lockhart, D

    1995-12-01

    This paper is an interpretive analysis of the discourses within popular romance literature, with a particular focus on the genre that includes constructions of the images of nurses and nursing. An historical contrast is made along with examinations of the uses and meanings encompassed within this body of literature, and its messages for women as nurses as it reflects/creates societal change. Deviations from the formulaic nature of these works are explored. Discipline and passion are the recurring themes evident throughout in juxtapositions of romance and power differentials in the hospital/medical scene. The soft-core, sado-masochistic images evident in many titles are explored in a way that raises questions about sexuality, romance, nursing mythology, and the future of this sub-genre of the popular romance.

  4. Romance in Peril: A Survey of the Genre in Seventeen Century English Literature

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mustafa Bal

    2008-01-01

    .... In this sense, this article analyses reasons of the decline of the romance tradition throughout seventeenth century English literature as well as examining how the genre managed to survive either...

  5. Warm It Up with Love: The Effect of Physical Coldness on Liking of Romance Movies

    OpenAIRE

    Jiewen Hong; Yacheng Sun

    2012-01-01

    Are romance movies more desirable when people are cold? Building on research on (bodily) feeling-as-information and embodied cognition, we hypothesize that physical coldness activates a need for psychological warmth, which in turn leads to an increased liking for romance movies. Four laboratory experiments and an analysis of online movie rental data provide support for our hypothesis. Specifically, studies 1A and 1B show that physical coldness increases the liking of and willingness to pay fo...

  6. Clustering of affective categories in Scandinavian and Romance languages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sauciuc, Gabriela-Alina

    obtained with the help of a supplemented version of the traditional free-listing task (a ranking and a definitional-inferential task being added) will be considered here. 10 different sets combining quantitative and qualitative data have been collected, corresponding to the various relevant superordinate...... communication), this study focuses on levels and patterns of categorization in the domain of affectivity. Cross-cultural comparable data collected in several Romance (Spanish, Italian, Romanian) and Scandinavian (Danish, Swedish, Norwegian) languages with the help of a series of experiments inspired by Fehr...... and Rusell's prototype approach to emotions are analyzed from a perspective that goes beyond the interpretation of prototype theory and aligns with the theory-based approaches to categorization (cfr. the seminal paper by Murphy and Medin, 1985). Due to space limitations, only a short overview of the data...

  7. Dos jornais ao palco: romances folhetins e textos teatrais no Rio de Janeiro da segunda metade do século XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cristina Martins de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Os estudos com folhetins já vêm sendo desenvolvidos por historiadores brasileiros há pelo menos duas décadas, e eles têm desvelado aspectos importantes das relações entre história e literatura. As análises que privilegiam as relações entre romance folhetim e textos teatrais, no entanto, ainda são pouco usuais. Este artigo investiga essa faceta a partir da análise de três peças teatrais com a intenção de mostrar que o romance folhetim foi capaz de inspirar a elaboração de produtos originais, nos quais à dimensão de entretenimento foram acrescidos as de crítica social e política, o que os transformou em instrumentos de intervenção dos seus autores na realidade de seu tempo.

  8. Evolución de los parámetros clínicos en reclusos en tratamiento antirretroviral Progress of clinical parameters amongst prison inmates receiving antiretroviral treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Orly de Labry Lima

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Entre los pacientes infectados por el VIH el recuento linfocitario y fundamentalmente la carga viral, son los mejores predictores al estado definitorio de SIDA o muerte. Objetivo: analizar los factores asociados a la evolución delrecuento de linfocitos CD4 y carga viral en reclusos en tratamiento con antirretrovirales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte fija a reclusos VIH positivos en tratamiento con antirretrovirales de tres prisiones españolas. La adherencia al tratamiento antirretroviral se midió a través del cuestionario SMAQ. Para analizar la evolución de los parámetros clínicos de CD4 y carga viral se realizaron dos modelos de regresión lineal multinivel de efectos fijos. Resultados: El 10% eran mujeres, el 42% refirió padecer ansiedad o depresión en la última semana y el 46,6% refirió tener apoyo social dentro de la prisión. En cuanto a la media de los parámetros clínicos de log10 CD4 y log10 carga viral fueron de 2,48 y 2,89 respectivamente, teniendo el 38,6% carga viral indetectable. Se encontró una relación inversa entre la carga viral y el recuento de linfocitos CD4 (pIntroduction: Among HIV positive patients the CD4 lymphocyte count, especially the viral load, are the best predictors for progress to full blown AIDS or death. Objective: To analyze the factors associated with progress of the CD4 lymphocyte count and viral load in prison inmates in antiretroviral treatment. Methods: A fixed cohort study was conducted with HIV positive inmates receiving antiretroviral therapy in three Spanish prisons. Adherence to antiretroviral treatment was assessed with the SMAQ questionnaire. To analyze the progress of CD4 and viral load clinical parameters, two fixed effect multilevel linear regression models were utilised. Results: 10% of the sample were women, 42% referred for anxiety or symptoms of depression in the final week, and 46.6% reported having social support inside the prison. CD4 and viral load

  9. El valor de la lectura o cómo eludir el engaño. La trascendencia del romance de la esposa infiel como una lucha indicial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Julia D'Onofrio

    2003-01-01

    By studying the American tradition of the romance of La esposa infiel stands out the importance attributed in this romance to the struggle waged between man and woman concerning the deciphering and concealment of clues...

  10. INICIAÇÃO E PAIXÃO a tensão dialética entre Eros e Agape em dois romances de Clarice Lispector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clara Luchetti Bingemer

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho pretende identificar, a partir de dois romances da autora – Paixão segundo GH e Uma aprendizagem ou O Livro dos Prazeres – a experiência do Absoluto e a interação dinâmica entre Eros e agape representadas por um mergulho “kenótico” no coração da matéria e um processo de iniciação corpórea em direção à interlocução radical e totalizante com a alteridade do outro. Assim fazendo, pretendemos seguir um itinerário que nos levará até a caracterização da experiência de Deus presente na obra de Clarice e a interface que sua obra literária pode fazer fecundamente com a Teologia e a Mística.

  11. Ironies of the Romance and the Romance with Irony: Some Notes on Stylization in the Historiography of American Education Since 1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelo, Richard

    The narrative conventions of romance which flourish in Lawrence Cremin's "Transformation of the School" show that stylization does occur in historical writings. People often talk about stylization in visual forms; but stylization in the verbal arts is relatively undefined. To structure his recounting of the progressive story, Cremin drew…

  12. Romero, Araripe, Veríssimo e a recepção crítica do romance machadiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio de Seixas Guimarães

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O ARTIGO trata dos desafios e mudanças de parâmetro que a literatura machadiana colocou para a crítica oitocentista, desestabilizando as concepções até então vigentes do literário e colocando em xeque a aplicação rígida das teorias e doutrinas então disponíveis. O texto mostra que crítica machadiana toma corpo à época da publicação de Quincas Borba, com a formação da tríade Romero-Araripe-Veríssimo, que se concentra em questões como a do humorismo e da representatividade nacional do romance, com desdobramentos importantes nos estudos futuros sobre a obra de Machado de Assis.THIS ESSAY deals with the challenges and changes in parameters that Machado de Assis' literature placed upon 19th century critics, destabilizing the literary concepts in effect at the time and questioning the strict application of prevailing theories and doctrines. The essay shows that criticism of Assis really takes hold upon the publication of Quincas Borba, when the triad Romero-Araripe-Veríssimo arose, and focused on issues such as the novel's humor and its representativeness of the national mood, which had an important influence on future studies of the work of Machado de Assis.

  13. Determiner selection in romance languages: evidence from French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foucart, Alice; Branigan, Holly P; Bard, Ellen G

    2010-11-01

    Determiner selection requires the retrieval of the noun's syntactic features (e.g., gender) and sometimes of its phonological features. Miozzo and Caramazza (1999) argued that the selection of determiners in Germanic languages is more straightforward than in Romance languages because it is not dependent on the phonological properties of the following word. In the present study, we used the picture-word interference paradigm to investigate the dependency of the determiner on the noun's features in French. In 3 experiments, we found a gender congruency effect at +200 stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA), indicating that participants were slower to produce the name of a picture (determiner + noun) when the picture-word pair was incongruent in gender than when it was congruent. We failed to replicate this effect at 0 SOA, in line with previous studies (Alario & Caramazza, 2002). Our results suggest that the features involved in determiner selection are not language specific but rather are specific to the determiner system. (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved

  14. Escrita, José, Almanaque - Leituras de Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lúcia de Barros Camargo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Meu objetivo aqui é verificar, a partir de uma amostragem parcial, a quantas andou o romance na visão de três revistas literárias e culturais que circularam na segunda metade da década de setenta, ou mais precisamente a partir de 1975. O recorte se justifica, de um lado, pelas referências, quase consensuais, à existência de um "boom" literário, especialmente a partir de 1975, em que a prosa de ficção tem forte papel e, de outro, por alguns dos elementos que caracterizam o período: início da lenta e gradual abertura política no governo Geisel, em que a convivência com a censura era cotidiana, associado à efetiva existência de um mercado editorial que se consolida junto ao fortalecimento da indústria cultural e dos meios de comunicação de massa.

  15. Escenas de lectura: naciones imaginadas y el romance de la historia en Hispanoamérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Unzueta

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artíulo explora el papel de la cultura letrada, y de las novelas en particular, en la constitución de los imaginarios nacionales durante el siglo XIX en Hispanoamérica. Arguye que si bien las novelas de Lizardi empiezan el proceso, la dimensión histórica de los romances nacionales de mediados de siglo proporcionan mayor coherencia narrativa a sus proyectos nacionales. Estos romances se producen en contextos culturales más abiertos y obtienen mayor difusión dadas sus relaciones con los periódicos. Finalmente, “Escenas de lectura” examina cómo distintas modalidades de lectura interpelan a individuos y comunidades de distintas maneras y encuentra que las identificaciones producidas por lecturas “sentimentales,” características de los romances, son especialmente efectivas.

  16. Investigating brand romance, brand attitude and brand loyalty in the cellphone industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liezl-Marié Kruger

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Fast growth and intense competition characterise the South African cellphone industry. Customers switch easily between cellphone brands and marketers are challenged to cultivate brand relationships with customers in order to ensure brand loyalty.Research purpose: This study investigated the brand romance, -attitude and -loyalty of customers toward their cellphone brands in the North West Province, South Africa.Motivation for the study: One way in which brand loyalty in the cellphone industry can be achieved is to influence attitudes and, ultimately, create brand loyalty by promoting brand romance between the customer and the brand.Research design, approach and method: Being quantitative in nature, the study followed a descriptive research design to collect 371 responses through self-administered questionnaires.Main findings: The results indicated that most respondents were contract customers who only use a brand of cellphone for between one and three years. Brand romance toward cellphone brands was positive although room for improvement exists. Brand attitude toward current cellphone brands was also positive, but brand loyalty was fairly low, indicating that marketers need to improve brand loyalty toward their cellphone brand. There were, furthermore, significant and positive relationships between brand romance, brand attitude and brand loyalty toward cellphone brands.Practical/managerial implications: Brand romance can be considered to be a viable way of improving attitude toward a cellphone brand, ultimately leading to brand loyalty.Contribution/value-add: Brand romance in brand relationships has significant and positive relationships with brand attitude and brand loyalty in the cellphone industry of South Africa.

  17. Tu nos aposte protege

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Britta Olrik

    2007-01-01

    Aspirationen af p, t og k i dansk er stedmoderligt behandlet af den gren af den historiske sprogforskning der bygger på skriftligt kildemateriale. Skrivemåden tu nos aposte protege for tu nos ab hoste protege 'bekyt du os mod fjenden' i en tilskrift fra anden halvdel af 1300-tallet i...

  18. A ironia na teoria do romance: da exigência normativo-composicional do romance em Goethe ao viver a arte em Novalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Vieira da Silva Filho

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca explicitar o conceito de ironia na Teoria do romance. A explicitação do conceito de ironia se desdobrará num desenvolvimento duplo: como exigência normativo-composicional e como radicalização subjetiva que excede a normatividade. No primeiro sentido, a ironia configura subjetivamente uma totalidade na obra épica, partindo da sua fragmentação objetiva nas relações sociais modernas. Nessa acepção, a ironia se apresenta como uma manobra subjetiva a serviço da normatividade épica do romance, pois sua finalidade é harmonizar o ideal subjetivo com a objetividade histórica burguesa. Seu paradigma é representado, neste artigo, por Goethe. O outro sentido pelo qual a ironia romântica aparece é demarcado pela forma extremada da subjetividade. Esta, reconhecendo uma impossibilidade de realização de seu ideal harmônico na modernidade, porque o mundo moderno se lhe apresenta como uma efetividade oposta aos anseios subjetivos, refugia-se na própria interioridade e se distancia do mundo presente, buscando refúgio em tempos e lugares mais propícios à realização poética. Novalis é o modelo dessa ironia radicalizada. Essa forma irônica, ao contrário da "cadência irônica" de Goethe, aniquila a forma romance, uma vez que o aspecto subjetivo da pura reflexão, a lírica, se sobrepõe à objetividade histórica presente que o romance também necessariamente deve encerrar.

  19. FERA DE MACABU: O ROMANCE-REPORTAGEM DE UM CONDENADO À MORTE BEAST OF MACABU: ROMANCE, STORY OF A CONDEMNED TO DEATH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RILDO COSSON

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Após realizar uma intensa pesquisa sobre o processo judicial que levou ofazendeiro Manoel da Motta Coqueiro à morte por enforcamento, Carlos Marchiescreveu Fera de Macabu: a história e o romance de um condenado à morte.A primeira parte do título se refere ao epíteto dado pelos jornais da época aofazendeiro acusado de exterminar uma família de colonos em Macabu. A segundaprocura justificar a opção do autor por uma narrativa que mistura jornalismo,história e literatura. Tal localização remete a obra, segundo a leitura que aquipropomos, ao romance-reportagem como um gênero que é, ao mesmo tempo,jornalístico e literário.After working hard in a research about the death by hanging of a rich farmer,Carlos Marchi wrote Fera de Macabu: a história e o romance de um condenadoà morte. The first part of the book’s title is addressed to the way that the localnewspaper labeled the farmer accused of being the man who sent to death afamily of workers. The second is an awkward way of explaining the blend ofjournalism, history and literature in the narrative. However, we believe that thebest way of reading this book is as a nonfiction novel.

  20. O ensaísmo presente em "Se um viajante numa noite de inverno", de Italo Calvino: uma teoria da leitura em um romance metaliterário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Ramos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo propõe uma reflexão sobre como o pensador Italo Calvino evidencia em Se um viajante numa noite de inverno (1979 uma teoria da leitura. Nesse romance, enquanto o escritor narra a tentativa do personagem chamado Leitor de terminar a leitura de um livro, ele também teoriza sobre o leitor e a leitura. Dentre as muitas possibilidades de análise dessa obra, tendo em vista sua multiplicidade, é focado a exposição, no próprio texto, do processo de escrita do romance e da sua ficcionalidade. O recorte escolhido tem sua relevância justificada pela proposição de Jean Baudrillard em Simulacros e simulação (1991: a “promessa”, uma vez que ainda não havia se revelado na época desta publicação, da terceira categoria de simulacro, na qual já não haveria o isolamento de ficção e teoria e em que a indistinção entre imaginário e real abriria caminho para a presentificação da metatécnica; essa categoria é percebida na obra estudada e é a que, segundo Baudrillard, ainda pode interessar-nos. Se um viajante numa noite de inverno, porquanto espaço de articulação metaliterária, é um ambiente profícuo de interação entre ficção e teoria, sendo, portanto, ainda mais produtivo para o debate sobre a figura e a função do leitor. É precisamente o aspecto metaliterário relacionado à figura do leitor e à sua atividade o que é rastreado nesse texto que o próprio escritor denominou hiper-romance. Para isso, identifica-se e analisa-se alguns aspectos distintivos dessa obra quanto a: como ler, tipos de livros, a arte de não-ler, leitor e leitura; de modo que o objeto literário de estudo é também parte do corpus teórico selecionado. À produção ficcional e teórica de Italo Calvino, soma-se os construtos teóricos de Wolfgang Iser e Jorge Luis Borges para a compreensão e análise do texto literário em foco quanto aos temas centrais desenvolvidos aqui: leitor e leitura.

  1. Knowledge of Love: Narratives of Romance Told by 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Marit

    2013-01-01

    This article reports research on young people's conceptualisations of love and romance through a gender perspective. The data are stories written by 12-year-old girls and boys in Norway who were asked to fantasise about their future love life. Their narratives are explored through discourse analysis and semiotics and analysed within a…

  2. Virtuous Vampires and Voluptuous Vamps: Romance Conventions Reconsidered in Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokkola, Lydia

    2011-01-01

    It is presumed that readers of Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" enjoy the sexual tension between Bella and Edward; a tension that remains unresolved until the couple are married. This very traditional solution to the couple's carnal desires is just one of many ways in which the novels adhere to the conventions of romance writing for young people.…

  3. "Who Does She Think She Is?"--Vernacular Medium and Failed Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandhu, Priti

    2014-01-01

    Through a close analysis of an Indian woman's unsuccessful romance narrative, this article examines how class-based ideologies and prejudices concerning English and vernacular medium education sustain and perpetuate dismissive and disparaging attitudes toward people educated in the vernacular. The analysis utilizes theoretical understandings of…

  4. L Intercomprehension des langues latines (The Mutual Intelligibility of Romance Languages).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploquin, Francoise

    1991-01-01

    A discussion of the need to promote mutual comprehension among speakers of Romance languages describes one university program in France and looks at the possibility of extending multilanguage instruction to secondary education. The potential, and problems, of trying to teach students listening comprehension in several related languages are…

  5. The head of Verb+Noun compounds in the Romance languages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schroten, J.D.W.

    2010-01-01

    Verb+Noun compounds in Spanish and the other Romance languages have well-known curious properties: (i) lack of nominalizing affix on the Verb; (ii) obligatory presence of the Noun, interpreted as the direct object of the Verb; (iii) interpretation as referring to persons or instruments able to perfo

  6. What Are the Odds: An Examination of Adolescent Interracial Romance and Risk for Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Byron

    2017-01-01

    Previous studies find that romantic relationships adversely affect adolescents' psychological well-being, yet none examine the differential effects of adolescent romance for same-race and interracial daters. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), I find that heterosexual adolescents in same-race…

  7. Those Scribbling Women: A Cultural Study of Mid-Nineteenth Century Romances for Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFarland, Jo Anne Y.

    1985-01-01

    Situates the mid-nineteenth century feminine romance within its social, political, and historical context in order to reveal the cultural authority for its existence. Focuses on "The Lamplighter" by Maria Cummins as an archetypal novel representative of its genre. (SRT)

  8. A Speech Act Analysis of Polite Verb-Forms in Romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivero, Maria-Luisa

    The properties of one of the structures of politeness in the romance languages, the deference system connected with the use of conditional tenses, are analyzed in this paper. Although only Spanish examples are given, the conclusions also apply to French, Italian and Roumanian. The first part of the paper analyzes politeness in relation to its…

  9. Wide-focus subject-verb inversion in Ibero-Romance: A locative account

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Corr

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the hypothesis that wide-focus subject-verb inversion in Ibero-Romance is a type of locative inversion, involving a null locative argument. Ibero-Romance displays fine-grained, systematic variation determined by verbal class and variety, offering evidence that Ibero-Romance neutral word order is SVO, rather than VSO as claimed by some null-subject accounts. It is proposed that ‘locative’ subject-verb inversion is a consequence of grammatically-encoded deictic features correlating with the semantic properties of the verbs involved. The locative element, available unequally across Ibero-Romance, can surface in different positions in the left periphery, yielding the variation encountered. The data indicate that the licensing of these constructions depends neither on the null-subject parameter, since this type of inversion also occurs in non- and partial null-subject varieties, nor on the unaccusative/unergative division, though in both cases a degree of correspondence exists.

  10. Intercomprehension between Romance Languages and the Role of English: A Study of Multilingual Chat Rooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo-Pfeifer, Sílvia

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we focus on the role English plays in multilingual chat rooms in Romance Languages. We intend to demonstrate how English, even as forbidden language in this particular setting, is a mediation and a remediation tool. Our conclusions point out that: (1) English is an constructive resource in multilingual communication; (2) it has a…

  11. Gender, Popular Culture, and Curriculum: Adolescent Romance Novels as Gender Text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christian-Smith, Linda K.

    1987-01-01

    Shows how adolescent femininity is constructed in 34 adolescent romance novels written from 1942-1982. Most feature the "good girl" characterized by filial obedience and adherence to male-dominated romantic conduct, although sixties and seventies novels showed strain in gender relations. Narrative versions of femininity are fictional…

  12. Those Scribbling Women: A Cultural Study of Mid-Nineteenth Century Romances for Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFarland, Jo Anne Y.

    1985-01-01

    Situates the mid-nineteenth century feminine romance within its social, political, and historical context in order to reveal the cultural authority for its existence. Focuses on "The Lamplighter" by Maria Cummins as an archetypal novel representative of its genre. (SRT)

  13. In Quest of the Universal Language: Romance and the History of an Idea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stillman, Robert E.

    2002-01-01

    The new English translation of Paolo Rossi's classic study, "Logic and the Art of Memory," presents a useful opportunity to examine contemporary efforts to understand what its subtitle calls "the quest for universal language." At the same time, a seventeenth-century philosophical romance, Thomas Urquhart's, "Jewel," affords a good test case for…

  14. Tried and True: The Romance of the Atoms--Animated Atomic Attractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibbitt, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Since the formation of atomic bonds is active, the authors sought a way of learning through drama or kinetic activity. To achieve this goal, they developed an activity called Romance of the Atoms. The activity requires students to use computer-animation technology to develop short cartoons that explain atomic classification and bonds. This…

  15. Reflexive Clitics in the Slavic and Romance Languages. A Comparative View from an Antipassive Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medova, Lucie

    2009-01-01

    In this work, I offer a unified analysis of all the constructions that involve a reflexive clitic SE in Slavic and Romance languages. Next to canonical constructions, in which the reflexive clitic semantically identifies the two arguments of a transitive verb, cf. "John" SE "wash" means "John washes himself," there are constructions in which it is…

  16. Intercomprehension between Romance Languages and the Role of English: A Study of Multilingual Chat Rooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo-Pfeifer, Sílvia

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we focus on the role English plays in multilingual chat rooms in Romance Languages. We intend to demonstrate how English, even as forbidden language in this particular setting, is a mediation and a remediation tool. Our conclusions point out that: (1) English is an constructive resource in multilingual communication; (2) it has a…

  17. What Are the Odds: An Examination of Adolescent Interracial Romance and Risk for Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Byron

    2017-01-01

    Previous studies find that romantic relationships adversely affect adolescents' psychological well-being, yet none examine the differential effects of adolescent romance for same-race and interracial daters. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), I find that heterosexual adolescents in same-race…

  18. Knowledge of Love: Narratives of Romance Told by 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Marit

    2013-01-01

    This article reports research on young people's conceptualisations of love and romance through a gender perspective. The data are stories written by 12-year-old girls and boys in Norway who were asked to fantasise about their future love life. Their narratives are explored through discourse analysis and semiotics and analysed within a sociological…

  19. Facets of morbid jealousy: With an anecdote from a historical Tamil romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somasundaram, O

    2010-07-01

    Morbid jealousy is a symptom which occurs in many psychiatric conditions. The complex emotional aspects of jealousy have been discussed by earlier authors. The clinical, cultural, social, and forensic aspects, are touched upon. Morbid jealousy is a favourite topic among novelists and dramatists. "Othello" is a classic example. This topic is covered in one of the famous historical romances of the Tamil author, Kalki.

  20. "In the Pleats of Great Languages": Minor Romance Literatures in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Łukaszyk

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available "In the Pleats of Great Languages": Minor Romance Literatures in Europe This text is a review of the book: „Literatury mniejsze” Europy romańskiej, Mirosław Loba, Barbara Łuczak, Alfons Gregori (eds, Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań 2012, 236 pp.

  1. Virtuous Vampires and Voluptuous Vamps: Romance Conventions Reconsidered in Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokkola, Lydia

    2011-01-01

    It is presumed that readers of Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" enjoy the sexual tension between Bella and Edward; a tension that remains unresolved until the couple are married. This very traditional solution to the couple's carnal desires is just one of many ways in which the novels adhere to the conventions of romance writing for young people.…

  2. Love and Art Strike Back: A.S. Byatt’s Possession: A Romance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Tine Engel

    2004-01-01

    Possession can be seen as an enactment of the conflicts between a number of powerful - and quite classic - extremes (anatomy-romance, intellectual experience-sensuous experience, theory-art, reason-love, irony-pathos), which, in the aesthetic experience of the reader, it overcomes and transcends....

  3. O lugar filosófico da negociação, no romance «Teatro», de Bernardo Carvalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luís de Araújo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A leitura do romance Teatro (1998, de Bernardo Carvalho, incita-nos ao questionamento das condições nas quais se produz e se comunica o saber, uma vez que o já acalorado debate em torno dos Estudos Culturais, conforme defendido por Néstor García Canclini, Walter Mignolo, Homi Bhabha, Edward Said, entre outros, demonstrou não existir um local geográfico ou epistemológico privilegiado que detenha os direitos de propriedade sobre as práticas teóricas, mas apenas um “local filosófico” de discussão.Palavras-chave: Bernardo Carvalho; Teatro; estudos culturais; filosofia.Resumen: La lectura de la novela Teatro (1998, de Bernardo Carvalho, nos incita al cuestionamiento de las condiciones en las que se produce y se comunica el saber, una vez que el  candente debate en torno a los Estudios Culturales, conforme defendido por Néstor García Canclini, Walter Mignolo, Homi Bhabha, Edward Said, entre otros, demostró no existir un local geográfico o epistemológico privilegiado que detenga los derechos de propiedad sobre las prácticas teóricas, sino apenas un “local filosófico” de discusión.Palabras-clave: Bernardo Carvalho; Teatro; estudios culturales; filosofía.Keywords: Bernardo Carvalho; Teatro; cultural studies; philosophy.

  4. Interrelationships between romance, life quality, and medical training of female residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu-Jung; Hsu, Kan-Lin; Chang, Chin-Sung; Wu, Chih-Hsing

    2012-08-01

    For the past 30 years, there has been a steady increase in the number of female physicians, but the relationship between their romantic lives and their pattern of training has been inadequately reported. This study was designed to investigate the interrelationships between medical training, quality of life, and the attitudes that female residents have toward romance. Of the 106 female medical residents at our medical center in 2009, a total of 78 residents (73.6%) were enrolled for the study. Structured questionnaires (Cronbach α = 0.878), which included questions about female resident quality of life, attitude toward spousal choice, and the impact of programmed professional medical training, were self-administered through an anonymous process. Female residents, especially ward-care specialists, were determined to have excessively long working hours (84.6% > 88 work hours/week), insufficient and irregular sleep (44.9%), and inadequate personal time (73.1% romances, 87.5% (n = 40) of romantic partners were physicians and 58.3% (n = 28) initiated their relationships when they were medical students, but exhibited no preferential dating of senior medical students or physicians. Factors affecting the choice of spouses included time limitations, a limited circle of friends, differences in values, and work-related stress. Those presumptive factors influencing romance between the assumed partner being a doctor or a "nondoctor" were significantly different with regard to lack of time (p = 0.002), values (p Romance and quality of life were significantly influenced by the pattern of medical training in female residents. Setting duty-hour limits and initiating a new hobby were determined to be potentially beneficial to their quality of life and attitudes toward romance. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  5. No rastro de Fawcett: a guinada de João de Minas rumo à literatura popular de aventura nos anos 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Antonio de ALMEIDA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a guinada rumo à literatura popular de massa feita pelo escritor João de Minas. No Brasil dos Anos 30, o mercado editorial foi marcado pela difusão da literatura popular de massa nos gêneros aventura, sentimental e policial, a partir de coleções lançadas pelas maiores editoras. Neste contexto, João de Minas estabeleceu o projeto de fundar o romance popular no País, que começou com a composição do romance de aventuras Horrores e Mistérios dos Sertões Desconhecidos. Publicado em 1934, as três partes da história mostram a virada do escritor rumo ao estilo ligado à ficção popular de massa.

  6. A Contribution to the History of Romance Linguistics – the Şcoala lingvistică din Cluj-Napoca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf WINDISCH

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We intend to give a summary of the linguistic contributions of the most important rumanian scholars in the field of General, Romance and Rumanian Linguistics from the twentieth century to our days.

  7. El valor de la lectura o cómo eludir el engaño. La trascendencia del romance de la esposa infiel como una lucha indicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia D'Onofrio

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available By studying the American tradition of the romance of La esposa infiel stands out the importance attributed in this romance to the struggle waged between man and woman concerning the deciphering and concealment of clues. Based on this layout, it is proposed that the nucleus of interest of the romance lies on the problematics of deceit in general and the necessity of disclosing it.

  8. Sobre a origem histórica da diversidade do romance brasileiro contemporâneo (numa leitura de Quarup como “romance de arquivo”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Ramos Dolabela Chagas

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Debate-se a origem histórica da alta diversidade estilística e temática da literatura brasileira contemporânea, tendo como foco o romance. Discute-se as dominantes poetológicas que conferiram estabilidade ao gênero no Brasil até, aproximadamente, a década de 1950, localizando-se nas décadas de 1960 e 1970 a dissipação daquelas dominantes, do que seria sintomática a emergência de um novo tipo de obra: o “romance de arquivo” (pela denominação de R. G. Echevarría. Da discussão das tendências que então perdiam prestígio, são discutidas as características do “romance de arquivo”, tomando-se Quarup, de Antônio Callado, como exemplo. O argumento é que a perda de importância de paradigmas críticos tradicionais, as transformações sociais vividas no Brasil e o surgimento de obras dissonantes da tradição produziram um campo literário complexo e menos regido por expectativas normativas, favorecendo a diversificação e inaugurando o período de incremento da variação estilística que, passadas algumas décadas, hoje caracteriza a nossa literatura.

  9. Um livro chamado Angústia: sobre o romance de Graciliano Ramos A book named Anguish: on the romance by Graciliano Ramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloisa Caldas

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Para abordar a relação da angústia com a criação, a autora procura na criação literária uma inspiração. A partir do romance Angústia de Graciliano Ramos, o texto mostra alguns aspectos de como nessa narrativa se pode pensar a criação de um objeto de arte - no caso, o romance Angústia - através da própria experiência de angústia, uma vez que nela temos a presença do objeto como causa. A presença do referencial psicanalítico se desdobra em dois planos: o da psicanálise aplicada à literatura e o da literatura aplicada à psicanálise. No primeiro, é considerado o enredo, em que o protagonista vive angústia e a partir dela passa ao ato; no segundo, analisa-se o plano da criação do romance, do qual se deduz a angústia como causa do ato de criação.This paper addresses the relationship between anguish and creativity based on the novel Anguish by Graciliano Ramos. The author shows some aspects of this narrative that can be used to investigate act and creation through the experience of anguish. The use of the psychoanalytical reference is unfolded in two plans: psychoanalysis applied to literature and literature applied to psychoanalysis. In the former, the focus is on the plot, in which the protagonist lives anguish and because of it he is impelled to perform an act; in the latter, the plan of creation of the novel is analyzed and anguish can be inferred as the cause of the creation act.

  10. Rapunzel Loves Merida: Melodramatic Expressions of Lesbian Girlhood and Teen Romance in Tangled, Brave, and Femslash.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapurch, Katie

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the melodramatic expression of lesbian girlhood and teen romance in Disney's Tangled (2010) and Disney Pixar's Brave (2012), as well as "Meripunzel" femslash, fan-authored romantic pairings of the animations' female protagonists. First, Anne Sexton's poem, "Rapunzel," offers a literary precedent for exploring lesbian themes in the fairy tale. The next section shows how Tangled and Brave invoke the narrative conventions of the family melodrama. This generic association reveals the films' uses of rhetoric familiar to youth coming-out narratives, as well as other visual and aural coding suggestive of queer styles. The last section shows how Meripunzel femslash taps into the films' existing melodramatic narrative forms and visual aesthetics, rehearsing their coming-out rhetoric while addressing the pleasures of and problems facing lesbian teen romance. I conclude by problematizing the often conventional expressions of lesbian girlhood in femslash, ultimately arguing for their empowering potential, especially as they indicate revised definitions of "princess."

  11. Romance in Peril: A Survey of the Genre in Seventeenth Century English Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Bal

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The seventeenth century in England can be seen as the age which marked the beginning of modernity as well as the beginning of empirical thought. Rationalization of viewpoints combined with the political turmoil of the century, causing immense setbacks within the English literary traditions. One of these setbacks took place within the romance tradition which had been a major mode of writing during the earlier centuries. In this sense, this article analyses reasons of the decline of the romance tradition throughout seventeenth century English literature as well as examining how the genre managed to survive either implicitly or explicitly in several works like Oroonoko by Aphra Behn, pastoral poems by Andrew Marvel and Milton, and in some parts of Milton’s Paradise Lost.

  12. Adolescent romance and emotional health in the United States: beyond binaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Stephen T; Consolacion, Theodora B

    2003-12-01

    Research on adolescent same-sex sexuality has focused almost exclusively on risk in the lives of self-identified lesbians, gays, and bisexuals. The attention to same-sex self identity may obscure heterogeneity in same-sex romance (attractions and relationships) and thus may inaccurately characterize sexual-minority youth as more different than heterosexual youth in terms of emotional health risk. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we examine the nexus of romantic attractions and relationships among contemporary U.S. adolescents, linking experiences of romance to indicators of emotional health. We conclude that broadening the scope of inquiry beyond binaries of identity (that is, gay vs. straight) provides the opportunity to more fully understand the health and well-being of all adolescents.

  13. Romance in Peril: A Survey of the Genre in Seventeen Century English Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Bal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The seventeenth century in England can be seen as the age which marked the beginning of modernity as well as the beginning of empirical thought. Rationalization of viewpoints combined with the political turmoil of the century, causing immense setbacks within the English literary traditions. One of these setbacks took place within the romance tradition which had been a major mode of writing during the earlier centuries. In this sense, this article analyses reasons of the decline of the romance tradition throughout seventeenth century English literature as well as examining how the genre managed to survive either implicitly or explicitly in several works like Oroonoko by Aphra Behn, pastoral poems by Andrew Marvel and Milton, and in some parts of Milton’s Paradise Lost.

  14. ‘FOR MUSIKE MEUEÞ AFFECCIOUNS’: INTERPRETING HARP PERFORMANCE IN MEDIEVAL ROMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alana Bennett

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Performances are focal points in medieval romances with musical protagonists. Whilst these performances may not necessarily be accurate representations of medieval music, such episodes in popular literature are valuable to early music practitioners because they describe the whole context of the performance. These scenes preserve a snapshot of the medieval experience of music: the physicality of the performance, the sounds created and the emotional responses to the music. The hyperbolic tendencies of popular literature are effective at communicating imagined performance contexts because of the use of language that deliberately presents and evokes extremes of emotion, involving the reader or listener in a simulacrum of musical affect. When used alongside surviving musical notation, musical treatises, accounts of performances in historical records, and iconography, these romances are, I argue, a highly valuable and informative source for medieval performance. They reveal to the modern reader how music was perceived and represented in the medieval popular imagination. This paper will examine harp performances in several music-focused romances and I will set alongside these examples my own amateur reconstructions of the performances as described.

  15. Travessias discursivas: intertextualidade e interdisciplinaridade no romance Netto perde sua alma, de Tabajara Ruas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo de Andrade Duarte

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma leitura crítica das relações intertextuais promovidas por Netto perde sua alma pretende-se analisar o romance, de Tabajara Ruas, não só em seu diálogo interdisciplinar com a historiografia, mas também nas relações que a obra suscita com outros textos literários. Nesse caminho, percebe-se que a historiografia tradicionalmente trata os homens que participaram de guerras como semideuses, configurando-os apenas por suas ações e participações heroicas em conflitos políticos. Enquanto o romance Netto perde sua alma, sem deixar de incorporar ações heroicas de seu protagonista, privilegia a configuração de uma dimensão humana e humanizadora de sua personagem histórica, pois a faz refletir e questionar profundamente sobre tais ações.  Dessa forma, destacamos nessa leitura o processo de humanização que o romance de Tabajara Ruas promove de um personagem relevante da história do Rio Grande do Sul, o General Antonio de Souza Netto.

  16. Quando prolixidade é arte: entendendo os romances francófonos africanos de Ahmadou Kourouma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foara Das Gupta Adhikari

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A ficção de Ahmadou Kourouma, escritor africano da Costa do Marfim, tem constituído um desafio para os críticos, sobretudo pelo intenso uso do registro, do léxico e do ritmo africanos com o escopo de criar um novo idioma francês através do malinkê, língua materna do autor. Embora a linguagem seja central para o entendimento da literatura francófona, a abordagem crítica tradicional tem dado pouca ênfase a esses romances de um ponto de vista linguístico. Propondo que a crítica literária limitada à reflexão isolada de parâmetros contextuais ou textuais ignora a dimensão criativa da arte no romance, este trabalho busca adotar a poética do dialogismo de Bakhtin na leitura do romance Alá e as crianças-soldados, de Kourouma, para compreender o princípio (de linha dialógica que anima e articula todo o trabalho.

  17. The Manifestation of Grotesque Romance through Deviant Sexuality in Tunku Halim’s Dark Demon Rising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Fatin Syuhada Ahmad Jafni

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Dark Demon Rising (1997 is the debut novel written by an established Malaysian horror stories author, Tunku Halim. Dark Demon Rising narrates the journey of the protagonist, Shazral Abbas, and his encounter with his dark childhood and dangerous future. This paper aims to examine the relationship between Shazral and Minah, specifically the representation of the grotesque through deviant sexuality. To illustrate and depict grotesque romance, a textual analysis is carried out and close reference to the definition of grotesque is applied as the framework of the study. The term ‘grotesque romance’ is coined throughout this study to show the type of relationship entered into by the protagonist and his lover. There are three components of grotesque that are embodied in the notion of grotesque romance in the novel; ‘demonic fantasy’, ‘the excessive and the unreal’ and ‘the horrifying and the attractive’. Our findings illustrate that these three components of grotesque are manifested through the action of deviant sexuality and represented in two ways; 1 pre-marital sex prohibited by religion and culture, and 2 the relationship between two different entities – human and demon. Keywords: Grotesque, Deviant Sexuality, Romance, Horror Stories

  18. How Do Chinese ESL Learners Recognize English Words during a Reading Test? A Comparison with Romance-Language-Speaking ESL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongli; Suen, Hoi K.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines how Chinese ESL learners recognize English words while responding to a multiple-choice reading test as compared to Romance-language-speaking ESL learners. Four adult Chinese ESL learners and three adult Romance-language-speaking ESL learners participated in a think-aloud study with the Michigan English Language Assessment…

  19. O narrador “Pinta” Leniza como “A Mulher” no romance moderno e não somente um sexo feminino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Gerlania Viana Medeiros

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This work pretends to reflect, through the romance A estrela sobe, of Marques Rabelo, as the narrator of the modern romance “paints” his characters, specifically the character Leniza. We will review the work with comparative look at the behavior of Leniza with what society proposes for females. Therefore, we will support in the writings of Bakhtin (1998, which deals with the romance genre, Rosenfeld (1996, that shows how the narrator "paints" your character, Goldmann (1976 ,shows that the "problematic hero" of the romance modern and Ximenes (2009 and Bassanezi (2008, who report on the characteristics of women and female behavior that society employs. Therefore, we will consider the character Leniza from their ways, habits and desires described by the narrator, thus, understanding the building of the character of the modern romance.

  20. The Emotional Healing Efficacy of Romance Fiction for Undergraduates with Love-related Emotional Disturbance Problems: An Exploratory Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Su-may Sheih

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have revealed that emotional healing reading materials can sooth readers’ negative emotions. Among the various reading materials, the romance fiction is a genre of high healing efficacy for undergraduate students who encounter love-related emotional disturbance. To explore the problems they experience in love relationships and the emotional healing efficacy of romance fictions for such situations, this study first employed content analysis to identify a list of fictions that are considered of emotional healing efficacy. It continued to conduct an online survey to examine the emotional healing process in undergraduate students’ reading experiences. The results showed that undergraduate students often experienced one-sided love, ambiguous relationship, lack of intimacy, rivalry, conflict, and breakup. It also identified 18 Chinese romance titles that may assist the readers to go through the emotional healing stages of identification, catharsis, and insight. [Article content in Chinese

  1. Review of Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2011. Selected Papers from ‘Going Romance’ Utrecht 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Colaço

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present volume contains a selection of twelve peer-reviewed papers presented at 'Going Romance' in 2011. Celebrating its 25th edition, the conference took place on December 8-10, in Utrecht, Holland, where the event was first held in 1986. While keeping the focus on the formal study of the Romance languages, the articles represent a wide range of topics related to different research areas, such as phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and language acquisition. The papers are arranged in alphabetical order by author.

  2. A FORMA CLÁSSICA DE ROMANCE HISTÓRICO EM UM AMOR ANARQUISTA

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    O presente artigo tem por objetivo analisar a obra Um amor anarquista, de Miguel Sanches Neto, através do viés proposto pelo filósofo húngaro György Lukács. O romance ficcionaliza a experiência anarquista da Colônia Cecília, ocorrida em território paranaense entre os anos de 1890 e 1894. Utilizando-se do aparato conceitual trazido por Lukács, pretende-se discutir a relação entre Literatura e História, presente na obra.

  3. On text and sources of the romance “Mira Nero de Tarpeya”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Alonso

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the romance “Mira Nero de Tarpeya” and its relationship with Tacitus and Svetonius and their description of the fire of Rome in 64. Moreover it studies the possible links between the poem and the mediaeval tradition of Mirabilia urbis Romae and its humanistic heirs. It suggested a parallelism between the poem and the Triunfo púgnico of Vasco Díaz Tanco. Regarding these topics, it discusses the variants of line 10: “Van en Caballo Rotundo, la gente apenas cabía”, “Ya en Caballo y en Rotundo, la gente apenas cabía”.

  4. Annihilating love and heterosexuality without women: Romance, generic difference, and queer politics in "Supernatural" fan fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Flegel

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines the differing generic tropes and sexual politics evident in Supernatural slash and in J2 fan fic. We argue that while some stories within Supernatural fan fiction provide happy endings to the characters that are denied them in the show's canon, dark!fic instead focuses on the intensity and exclusivity of Sam and Dean's love, thus illuminating dangers at the heart of the one-true-love trope. We also argue that RPS written within the Supernatural fan community demonstrates greater adherence to conventional romance tropes and normative sexualities, and thus reveals important ideological constructs of heteronormativity.

  5. A transnational conference romance: Elsie Andrews, Hildegarde Kneeland, and the Pan-Pacific Women's Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurie, Alison J

    2009-01-01

    Elsie Andrews, a feminist activist from New Zealand, met Dr. Hildegarde Kneeland, a progressive economist from the United States, at the 1934 Pan-Pacific Women's Association conference in Honolulu. Andrews wrote diaries of her attendance at conferences, and in these writes openly of her attraction and romantic feelings for Kneeland, despite her own long-term domestic partnership back in New Plymouth with Muriel Kirton. This article considers the role conference romances may have played for Andrews and others in encouraging their interest in women's organizations, in the context of literature on romantic friendships and lesbianism.

  6. Endothelial NOS (NOS3) impairs myocardial function in developing sepsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Sandt, Annette M; Windler, Rainer; Gödecke, Axel; Ohlig, Jan; Zander, Simone; Reinartz, Michael; Graf, Jürgen; van Faassen, Ernst E; Rassaf, Tienush; Schrader, Jürgen; Kelm, Malte; Merx, Marc W

    2013-03-01

    Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS)3-derived nitric oxide (NO) modulates inotropic response and diastolic interval for optimal cardiac performance under non-inflammatory conditions. In sepsis, excessive NO production plays a key role in severe hypotension and myocardial dysfunction. We aimed to determine the role of NOS3 on myocardial performance, NO production, and time course of sepsis development. NOS3(-/-) and C57BL/6 wildtype mice were rendered septic by cecum ligation and puncture (CLP). Cardiac function was analyzed by serial echocardiography, in vivo pressure and isolated heart measurements. Cardiac output (CO) increased to 160 % of baseline at 10 h after sepsis induction followed by a decline to 63 % of baseline after 18 h in wildtype mice. CO was unaltered in septic NOS3(-/-) mice. Despite the hyperdynamic state, cardiac function and mean arterial pressure were impaired in septic wildtype as early as 6 h post CLP. At 12 h, cardiac function in septic wildtype was refractory to catecholamines in vivo and respective isolated hearts showed impaired pressure development and limited coronary flow reserve. Hemodynamics remained stable in NOS3(-/-) mice leading to significant survival benefit. Unselective NOS inhibition in septic NOS3(-/-) mice diminished this survival benefit. Plasma NO( x )- and local myocardial NO( x )- and NO levels (via NO spin trapping) demonstrated enhanced NO( x )- and bioactive NO levels in septic wildtype as compared to NOS3(-/-) mice. Significant contribution by inducible NOS (NOS2) during this early phase of sepsis was excluded. Our data suggest that NOS3 relevantly contributes to bioactive NO pool in developing sepsis resulting in impaired cardiac contractility.

  7. Offre pour nos membres

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    Walibi Rhône-Alpes accueille son événement Halloween FreakShow le week-end du 15 et 16 octobre puis tous les jours du 20 octobre au 02 novembre 2016 ! ouverture prolongée jusqu’à 19h et feu d’artifices chaque soir 29, 30 et 31 octobre ! Loup-garou show; 1 labyrinthe; jeu de piste sur le parc (et nombreux lots à gagner); animations (sculpture sur citrouilles et maquillage) et d'autres surpises ! Tarifs pour nos membres : Entrée "Zone terrestre": 23 € au lieu de 29 €. Entrée gratuite pour les enfants de moins de 3 ans, avec accès aux attractions limité. Parking gratuit.

  8. Offre pour nos membres

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    Walibi Rhône-Alpes accueille son événement Halloween FreakShow le week-end du 15 et 16 octobre puis tous les jours du 20 octobre au 02 novembre 2016 ! ouverture prolongée jusqu’à 19h et feu d’artifices chaque soir 29, 30 et 31 octobre ! Loup-garou show; 1 labyrinthe; jeu de piste sur le parc (et nombreux lots à gagner); animations (sculpture sur citrouilles et maquillage) et d'autres surpises ! Tarifs pour nos membres : Entrée "Zone terrestre": 23 € au lieu de 29 €. Entrée gratuite pour les enfants de moins de 3 ans, avec accès aux attractions limité. Parking gratuit.

  9. The photographer in the contemporary spanish romance O fotográfico no romance espanhol contemporâneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Tacca

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article talks about the construction of the imaginary of spanish being, based on three spanish literary works related to the photographic: La foto de los suecos, Juan Cruz (1998, La ruta de Snábel, from Vital Citores(2001, and El pintor de batallas, Arturo Perez-Reverte (2006. The interest of these books analysis came from the reading of the book España, sueño y verdad, from the researcher and essayist María Zambrano (1965, whereupon she works the spanish ethus built by three literary charecters: Dom Quijote, El Cid and Don Juan. With the analyses, this article explores questions between charecters and authors in the spanish’s recent literary production, where the photographer is revealed as enunciator and narrative element and concludes that, the recent literature keeps considerable distance of social ambiguity presents in the book and in the epic charecters analysed by Zambrano. Este artigo trata da construção de imaginário do ser espanhol, calcado em três obras da literatura espanhola que trata do fotográfico: A foto de los suecos, de Juan Cruz (1998, La ruta de Snábel, de Vital Citores(2001, e El pintor de batallas, de Arturo Perez-Reverte (2006. O despertar para a análise dessas obras e seus personagens surgiu a partir da leitura do livro España, sueño y verdad, da pesquisadora e ensaísta María Zambrano(1965, no qual ela trabalha o ethus espanhol construído a partir de três personagens literários: Don Quijote, El Cid e Don Juan. Com as análises, esse artigo explora questões entre personagens e autores na recente produção literária espanhola, nas quais o fotográfico se revela como elemento enunciador e narrativo e conclui que, a literatura recente mantém considerável distância da ambiguidade social presente na obra e nos personagens épicos analisados por Zambrano.

  10. O símbolo esvaziado: a teoria do romance do jovem György Lukács The emptied symbol: young György Lukács's Theory of the Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlenice Almeida da Silva

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo investiga como A teoria do romance (1916 de G. Lukács, um texto fragmentado e de ocasião, tornou-se um clássico da reflexão sobre a modernidade. Para Lukács, o romance é a forma artística que corresponde à fratura entre o sujeito e o mundo, vivida pelo homem contemporâneo. Utilizando o conceito de "símbolo esvaziado" este texto apreende em que medida o autor ao rever as classificações anteriores sobre o gênero romance, perpetua a tradição romântica ou rompe com ela, elaborando conceitos originais para a compreensão da modernidade na literatura.The present article investigates how G. Lukács's Theory of the romance (1916, a fragmented and of occasion text, became a classic of the reflection on modernity. For Lukács, the novel is the correspondent artistic form to the fracture between the subject and the world, lived by the contemporary man. Using the concept of "emptied symbol" this text apprehends how far the author, when reviewing the previous classifications on the genre of novel, perpetuates the romantic tradition or breaks it, elaborating original concepts for the understanding of modernity in literature.

  11. MAPOCHO, DE NONA FERNÁNDEZ: LA INVERSIÓN DEL ROMANCE NACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristián Opazo

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone una relectura de la novela Mapocho, de Nona Fernández (Premio Municipal de Literatura 2003. En ella discuto la interpretación que Fernández realiza de la misión del historiador en el proceso de fundación de la nación, la posición de las minorías étnicas, sexuales y políticas dentro del proyecto nacional y las estrategias de resistencia empleadas por estos grupos excluidos. Concluyo especificando que Mapocho invierte la noción de romance nacional, por cuanto la violación, la orfandad y el incesto, tal como surgen en la novela, constituyen una alegoría del fracaso del proyecto nacional chileno vigente durante el siglo XXThis article proposes a re-reading of the novel Mapocho by Nona Fernandez (Municipal Literary Prize, 2003. In it, the author discusses Fernandez’ interpretation of the historian’s mission in the foundation process of the nation, the place of the ethnic, sexual and political minorities within the national project, and the strategies of resistance employed by these groups. The conclusion is that the novel Mapocho inverts the option of national romance; insofar as rape, orphanage and incest constitute an allegory of the failure of the Chilean national project in the XX century

  12. Transgressing Boundaries: Belfast and the “Romance-Across-the-Divide”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Schwerter

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most popular sub-genres of Northern Irish Troubles fiction is the so called ‘Romance-across-the-divide’, a narrative in which two characters from different religious, cultural and social backgrounds struggle to overcome the region’s sectarian divide. As the centre of the Northern Irish conflict, Belfast epitomises the obstacles posed by the political situation for lovers attempting to defy socio-cultural and denominational boundaries. Joe Cleary argues that in the Northern Irish context the romance narrative is employed to illustrate the possibility of a reconciliation of opposed political camps. This article attempts to refute Cleary’s view. Focussing on Naomi May’s Troubles (1976, Dermot Healy’s A Goat’s Song (1994 and Kate O’Riordan’s Involved (1995 it sets out to demonstrate that unhappy unions of lovers cutting across sectarian lines serve instead largely to depict the ongoing political division within Northern Irish society and the breach between the North and the South of Ireland.

  13. A Perda de um(a Filho(a Jovem no Romance Paula, de Isabel Allende

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenice Cazanatto

    Full Text Available O adoecimento e a perda de um filho são situações não naturalmente esperadas na perspectiva do ciclo vital, provocando uma ruptura na vida dos pais, despertando sentimentos intensos e muito sofrimento. No romance autobiográficoPaula,a autora Isabel Allende escreve para a filha que estava internada na UTI de um hospital, há alguns meses, com um diagnóstico pouco favorável. O presente artigo trata de uma leitura psicanalítica sobre a perda de um (a filho (a adulto-jovem, tomando como objeto de estudo a história desse romance. A partir da metodologia proposta por Iribarry (2003 de uma pesquisa psicanalítica, é realizada a construção de um ensaio metapsicológico. A história dessa obra aponta para a possibilidade de elaboração simbólica pela perda de um filho jovem, por meio da escrita literária, tendo em vista que, emPaula,o ato de escrever torna possível à mãe retomar a palavra, em uma tentativa de inscrever a perda real da filha em uma ordem simbólica.

  14. [Migraine and epilepsy: an attempt to analyze disorders in Pontius Pilate in the romance "Master and Margarita" by M. Bulgakov].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damulin, I V

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the literature on the relation between migraine and epilepsy. The commonality of pathogenetic mechanisms of these diseases is emphasized. As an example, the author analyzed neurological disorders in Pontius Pilate in M. Bulgakov's romance "Master and Margarita". These disorders are traditionally considered as an attack of migraine with olfactory aura. The author suggests the epileptic character of these disorders.

  15. Twenty-Five Years and Counting of "Sweet Valley": Jessica and Elizabeth in Romance Novels for Young Children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Sherron Killingsworth

    2010-01-01

    With the 2008 reissue of Francine Pascal's (1983) "Sweet Valley High", the popular cultural icons of twins Jessica and Elizabeth have been revitalized. Jessica and Elizabeth are the much-beloved protagonists in romance novels strategically targeted for young adults in "Sweet Valley High" or "Sweet Valley U", and for first- and second-grade readers…

  16. Online Romance Languages Cross-Comprehension in the Development of Educational Competence: A Study of Future Teachers' Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo e Sa, Maria Helena; Melo, Silvia

    2007-01-01

    This article presents perceptions of Portuguese teacher education students concerning their participation in the Galanet project's plurilingual online communication (with Romance languages) and, particularly, the contribution of this participation in the development of their educational competence in relation to personal, intercultural and…

  17. On Italian, Ibero-Romance and Romanian imperatives in -i and the fate of Latin final -e

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whitehead, Benedicte Nielsen

    2012-01-01

    It is generally held that Latin word-final, post-tonic -e yielded *-e in Proto-Romance, even if secure attestations are lacking. However, here it is suggested that a number of forms thought to instantiate analogical replacement of expected *-e with -i are in fact phonologically regular, thus...

  18. Old Romance place names in early South Slavic and late Proto-Slavic sound changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matej Šekli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of Old Romance geographical names in early South Slavic confirms that the majority of late Proto-Slavic sound changes were still operative in the period of the earliest Old Romance-Slavic language contacts in the Balkan Peninsula and eastern Alps from the second half of the 6th century and the beginning of the 7th century onwards. Phonetic substitutions of the type Rom. *kE, *gE → Sl. *c, *ʒ (Balk. Rom. *Kersu → Sl. *Cersъ, Balk. Rom. *Gīla → Sl. *Ʒiĺa and Rom. *auC → Sl. *ovC (Balk. Rom. *Laurentiu > *Laurenču → Sl. *Lovręčь point to the fact that the first palatalization of velars as well as the monophthongization of the inherited diphthongs were no longer among the ongoing processes. All other late Proto-Slavic sound changes were either still operative or only took place after the borrowing. This is confirmed by the relative chronology of the following set of Romance-Slavic correspondences: simplification of consonant clusters: Rom. *ps → Sl. *s (Balk. Rom. *Apsaru → Sl. *Osorъ, development of prothetic consonants: Rom. *ū- → Sl. *uū- > *vy- (Alp. Rom. *Ūdẹnu → Sl. *(Vydьnъ, simplification of j-clusters: Rom. *Ci → Sl. *Cʹ (Balk. Rom. *Arsia → Sl. *Orša, delabialization of *o after *r: Rom. *ro → Sl. *ry > *ri (Rom. *Roma → Sl. *Rymъ > *Rimъ, second regressive palatalization of velars (see above Sl. *Cersъ, *Ʒiĺa, rise of nasal vowels: Rom. *ENC, *ONC → Sl. *ęC, *ǫC (Balk. Rom. *Parentiu > *Parenču → Sl. *Poręčь, Balk. Rom. *Karantānu → Sl. *Korǫtanъ, progressive palatalization of velars: Rom. *Ek, *Eg → Sl. *c, *ʒ (Balk. Rom. *Longātẹku → Sl. *Lǫgatьcь, delabialization of *ū1 > *y: Rom. *ū/*o → Sl. *y (Balk. Rom. *Allūviu → Sl. *Olybъ, labialization of *a > *o: Rom. *a → Sl. *o (Balk. Rom. *Kapra → Sl. *Koprъ, vowel reduction of *i, *u > *ь, *ъ: Rom. *ẹ, *ọ → Sl. *ь, *ъ (Balk. Rom. *Kọrẹku → Sl. *Kъrьkъ, Balk. Rom. *T

  19. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Conductivity

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have conductivity data. *These services are for testing and evaluation use...

  20. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Wind

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have wind data. *These services are for testing and evaluation use only*...

  1. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Salinity

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have salinity data. *These services are for testing and evaluation use...

  2. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Currents

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have currents data. *These services are for testing and evaluation use...

  3. TEMPO E FILOSOFIA NO ROMANCE "PEDRO PÁRAMO", DE JUÁN RULFO

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Considerando que a questão filosófica expressa pela composição narrativa visa às relações e as tensões entre o tempo da narrativa e o da vida, e que várias disciplinas são convocadas a este amplo debate, o presente artigo quer ilustrar ao modo como se dão a aliança entre os processos mnemônicos e de anamnese e a experiência do tempo no romance do escritor mexicano Ruan Rulfo, empregando as noções filosóficas de anamnese conforme Platão e a questão do temporal segundo Paul Ricoeur....

  4. Narrações em compasso pos-moderno : (dois romances latino-americanos)

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Villarraga Eslava

    2000-01-01

    Resumo: A partir da perspectiva teórica do pós-modernismo, procede-se à leitura critica de dois romances latino-americanos contemporâneos. Através da análise dos fatores que participam da composição estrutural e expressiva, procura-se, então, entender como ambos os textos assimilam a lógica de seus referentes, como fazem deles substância da própria representação fictícia e, finalmente, como se afastam dos modelos narrativos que a tradição moderna gerou. A tese fundamental que circula nas p...

  5. LITERATURA, HISTÓRIA E IMAGINÁRIO NO ROMANCE A COCANHA

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Este trabalho problematiza a relação entre literatura e história, tendo como base obras literárias e historiográficas sobre a imigração italiana no Rio Grande do Sul. A ênfase recai no romance A cocanha, de José Clemente Pozenato, publicado em 2000 e que compõe, juntamente com O quatrilho (1985) e A babilônia (2006), o segundo volume da trilogia étnica a respeito da imigração italiana. A análise busca elucidar os momentos de ruptura do imaginário tradicional provocados pela obra literária, de...

  6. A Case in Pointe: Romance and Regimentation at the New York City Ballet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laemmli, Whitney E

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes the ballet dancer's pointe shoe as a technology of artistic production and bodily discipline. Drawing on oral histories, memoirs, dance journals, advertisements, and other archival materials, it demonstrates that the shoe utilized by dancers at George Balanchine's New York City Ballet was not the quintessentially Romantic entity it is so often presumed to be. Instead, it emerged from uniquely twentieth-century systems of labor and production, and it was used to alter dancers' bodies and professional lives in particularly modern ways. The article explores not only the substance of these changes but also the ways in which Balanchine's artistic oeuvre was inextricably intertwined with the material technologies he employed and, more broadly, how the history of technology and the history of dance can productively inform one another. Fundamentally, this article recasts Balanchine, seeing him not as a disconnected artist but as an eager participant in the twentieth-century national romance with American technology.

  7. Ambivalent Sexism in Close Relationships: (Hostile) Power and (Benevolent) Romance Shape Relationship Ideals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Tiane L; Fiske, Susan T; Glick, Peter; Chen, Zhixia

    2010-04-01

    Gender-based structural power and heterosexual dependency produce ambivalent gender ideologies, with hostility and benevolence separately shaping close-relationship ideals. The relative importance of romanticized benevolent versus more overtly power-based hostile sexism, however, may be culturally dependent. Testing this, northeast US (N=311) and central Chinese (N=290) undergraduates rated prescriptions and proscriptions (ideals) for partners and completed Ambivalent Sexism and Ambivalence toward Men Inventories (ideologies). Multiple regressions analyses conducted on group-specific relationship ideals revealed that benevolent ideologies predicted partner ideals, in both countries, especially for US culture's romance-oriented relationships. Hostile attitudes predicted men's ideals, both American and Chinese, suggesting both societies' dominant-partner advantage.

  8. Perfect and Imperfect Modals in Romance Some syntactic remarks on the Tense/Modality interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Soare

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the interplay between Tense-Aspect and Modality in Romanian and some Romance languages, in ambiguous sentences that exhibit what has been called “perfective raising”. It is observed that Romanian does not behave like French, for instance, inasmuch perfective forces actuality entailment on modals. I show that this contrast is connected to the structure of Romanian modal sentences: as commonly assumed in the literature, modal verbs in Romanian behave like lexical verbs with clausal complements; they have their own temporal-aspectual domain, which has to obey interpretive constraints. I propose that the ambiguity between root and epistemic readings in the perfective is the effect of two combined factors: perfective/imperfective Aspect and a high degree of grammaticalization of the modal (i.e. monoclausal structures for modals.

  9. O retrato de Dorian Gray, de Oscar Wilde: um romance indicial, agostiniano e prefigural

    OpenAIRE

    TENÓRIO, Patricia Gonçalves

    2015-01-01

    Dissertação resultado da pesquisa de Mestrado em Letras, área de concentração Teoria da Literatura, linha de pesquisa Intersemiose, no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, tendo como objetivo relacionar o romance O retrato de Dorian Gray, de Oscar Wilde, com três pilares teóricos: o índice fotográfico de Charles Sanders Peirce, o tempo de Agostinho de Hipona e a prefiguração no conceito de figura de Erich Auerbach. A cada capítulo, outros teóricos são ...

  10. TEMPO E FILOSOFIA NO ROMANCE "PEDRO PÁRAMO", DE JUÁN RULFO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Profª Drª Cláudia Falluh Balduino Ferreira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Considerando que a questão filosófica expressa pela composição narrativa visa às relações e as tensões entre o tempo da narrativa e o da vida, e que várias disciplinas são convocadas a este amplo debate, o presente artigo quer ilustrar ao modo como se dão a aliança entre os processos mnemônicos e de anamnese e a experiência do tempo no romance do escritor mexicano Ruan Rulfo, empregando as noções filosóficas de anamnese conforme Platão e a questão do temporal segundo Paul Ricoeur.

  11. „Pseudo-yat“ in Dalmato-Romance and Balkan Latin (On Balkan Latin VIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligorio Orsat L.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Article discusses the origins and the development of the so-called pseudo-yat in Dalmatian Romance and Balkan Latin. (E.g. SCr. mrčela-murtila-murtela from Lat. *MYRTICELLA or tovijerna-tovirna-toverna from TABERNA. Pseudo-yat is derived from -ECC-, in short syllables, and in long syllables from -ERR-, -ERC-. This suggestion is tried on 58 Dalmatian loans in Serbo-Croatian. The fact that pseudo-yat is found only in a part of these is of particular significance for the stratification of Dalmatian loans in Serbo-Croatian since loans with pseudo-yat are ostensibly older than the ones without it. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 178007

  12. Catorce canciones en romance como modelos de poemas hebreos del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seroussi, Edwin

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The beginnings of the Judeo-Spanish lyric in the Iberian Peninsula have so far remained om the dark due to the lack of tangible documentation. On the basis of two manuscript collections of Hebrew sacred songs (piyutim from the Bodleian Library in Oxford, it is possible to illuminate some of the formative processes of the Sephardic lyric song prior to the expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal. Careful readings of the first verses of poems in Castilian and Catalan appearing in these manuscripts as melodic codes for the singing of piyutim show some aspects of the lyric repertoire in romance languages known by Jewish poets and singers before 1492.

    Por falta de documentación, los comienzos de la lírica judeoespañola en la Península siempre han quedado en la oscuridad. Gracias a dos colecciones manuscritas de poemas hebreos religiosos (piyutim de la biblioteca Bodleiana de Oxford, se vislumbran ahora algunos de los procesos de formación del cancionero lírico hispanojudío anterior a la expulsión de los judíos de España y Portugal. Mediante atentas lecturas de los primeros versos (íncipits de poemas en castellano y catalán que aparecen como idicaciones melódicas de piyutim en ambos manuscritos, se pueden entrever algunos aspectos de la lírica en lenguas romances que conocían los poetas y cantores judíos antes de 1492.

  13. Association analysis of nitric oxide synthases: NOS1, NOS2A and NOS3 genes, with multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    AlFadhli, Suad; Mohammed, Eiman M A; Al Shubaili, Asmahan

    2013-07-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system. To explore the genetic basis of three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) genes: NOS1, NOS2A and NOS3, with susceptibility to MS. A total of 122 MS patients and 118 healthy controls screened for NOS1 (rs2682826, rs41279104), NOS2A (CCTTT)n/(TAAA)n and NOS3 (rs1800783, rs1800779, rs2070744, 27bpVNTR) markers, using TaqMan®SNP Genotyping Assays and fragment analysis were enrolled in this study. QRT-PCR and ELISA were used to analyse the expression of NOS3 mRNA and Nitric Oxide (NO) levels. Two NOS3 markers were associated with susceptibility to MS and early disease development. The NOS3 rs1800779 G-allele (p = 0.04) and GG-genotype (p = 0.02) showed association with susceptibility to MS. Short NOS2 (CCTTT)n (p = 0.03) and short/long repeat (p = 0.04) genotypes also showed associations with MS. These associations were intensified by sub-division of patients into Kuwaiti Arabs and Persians (p NOS3-27 bp-VNTR a-allele was associated with early MS disease onset ≤26 years (p = 0.04). The NOS3-27 bp-VNTR a/b-genotype resulted in 23% lower NO production and the NOS3-rs1800779 AA-genotype resulted in lower NOS3 expression. Haplotypes obtained from NOS2A and NOS3 showed increased susceptibility to MS. NOS1 showed no significant association with MS. This study provides evidence for the association between selected NOS2 and NOS3 markers and MS susceptibility.

  14. The Wallachians in the Nibelungenlied and their Connection with the Eastern Romance Population in the Early Middle Ages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şerban George Paul Drugaş

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the fragments in the Nibelingenlied that refer to the Wallachians, by their name (Adventure XXII, Stanza 1366 in manuscript C, the name of their country (Wallachian land, and/or of their leader (Ramunc – actually still a collective name, reaffirming the Roman origin of those Wallachians (Adv. XXII, S. 1370 MS. C; XXXI, S. 1925 MS. C. The mentions above lead to the Romance population from Pannonia to the east, echoing the times of the first two crusades, when that particular people, the Romanians, were neighbors of the Poles, Russians, and “Greeks” (Byzantines, precisely as they were grouped by the lied (Adv. XXII, S. 1366 MS. C. The Wallachians were a Romance nation in the east of Europe, with leaders of their own, having a good cavalry and distinctive costumes. They represent the offspring of the Romance population attested in various sources, both north and south of the Danube, from the times the Roman province of Dacia onward.

  15. A Internet que nos protege

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luana Negrelly Saraiva

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma análise das relações interpessoais nos canais de chat, pretende-se mostrar a Internet como um espaço de proteção da mesma sociedade repressora que a criou, abrindo portas para o desenvolvimento e o resgate dos valores humanos.

  16. AFLATOXICOSE EM SUÍNOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Silveira Flôres Schoenau

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO É descrito um surto de aflatoxicose em suínos Duroc de 2 a 6 meses, que consumiam ração contaminada por 519 ppb de aflatoxinas. A morbidade foi de 97%. A mortalidade foi alta, mas não determinada com exatidão. Os sinais clínicos incluíam recusa do alimento, pouco ganho ou perda de peso, diarreia e icterícia. Lesões subagudas e crônicas foram observadas em 4 porcos necropsiados. Nas lesões subagudas o fígado era escuro, com áreas centrolobulares hemorrágicas deprimidas, havia edema da parede da vesícula biliar e bile viscosa. Nos casos crônicos o fígado apresentava-se firme e amarelo-alaranjado. Havia líquido citrino nas cavidades e edema no cólon espiral. Havia avermelhamento da mucosa gástrica da região fúndica. Alterações subagudas eram necrose e hemorragias centrolobulares, hepatomegalocitose, fibrose e hiperplasia ductal. Nos casos crônicos havia fibrose, hiperplasia ductal, megalocitose e degeneração gordurosa hepatocelular. O diagnóstico de aflatoxicose foi feito baseado nos sinais clínicos, nos achados morfológicos e na presença de níveis significativos de aflatoxina na ração dos porcos (B1 = 484,3ppb, B2 = 110,8ppb, G1 = 343,7ppb e G2 = 99,2ppb. Frangos submetidos à mesma alimentação também desenvolveram lesões da toxicose.

  17. La boda de penalty: el romance de Los primos romeros o la resolución poética de un conflicto vulgar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltanás, Enrique

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available Although superficially the romance of Los primos romeros could be interpreted since a surrealist, anticlerical and incestuous perspective, here it is offered a lecture coherent with most of the romancistic oral texts: a conflict so familiar and vulgar as the "wedding by penalty", viewed since a poetic and inclosed indulgent perspective. For the purpose of this romance, theoretical questions as the role of the transmitter ¿author or reader? and the nature of oral texts are examined at once.Aunque a simple vista el romance de Los primos romeros pueda entenderse desde una perspectiva surrealista, anticlerical o incestuosa, aquí se propone una lectura coherente con la mayoría de los textos romancísticos orales modernos: un conflicto tan familiar y vulgar como la "boda de penalty", visto desde una perspectiva poética e incluso indulgente. Al mismo tiempo, y a propósito de este romance, se dilucidan algunas cuestiones teóricas como el papel del transmisor (¿autor o lector? y la propia naturaleza del texto oral.

  18. Escrevendo um romance, primeiro capítulo: precedentes e processo decisório no STF Writing a novel, chapter one: precedents and decision process in the Brazilian Supreme Court

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana de Moraes Vojvodic

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo, por meio do estudo de casos exemplificativos, procura mostrar que um dos motivos para a falta de uma cultura de respeito aos precedentes judiciais no Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF, ou para a falta de um romance em cadeia (Dworkin, é a dificuldade de formação de uma ratio decidendi comum entre os ministros nos julgamentos da corte, em virtude, por exemplo, do próprio processo decisório do Tribunal. A falta de padrões de decisão implica que cada caso seja decidido sem referência a casos previamente relacionados. Esse contexto pode colaborar para a falta de transparência decisória e para o que pode ser considerado um deficit democrático do STF.Through the analyses of landmark cases, this article argues that one reason for the tendency by the Brazilian Supreme Court (STF to disregard judicial precedents is the difficulty to create a common ratio decidendi in Court decisions and prevent the emergence od Dworkin's chain of law. This is due, in part, to the court's own decision process. The lack of a decision pattern entails that each case is decided without refecenre to previous cases. This context might foster an atmosphere in which decisions are not transparent, something which risks creating a democratic deficit on the STF.

  19. The uses of the past and the actualization of a family romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viederman, M

    1994-01-01

    This paper elaborates an aspect of the therapeutic experience of analysis that pertains to the examination of the past as it influences a patient's view of his self-worth and relationship to the world. It is complementary to the usual view of psychoanalytic process that involves analysis of transference resistance, revelation of transference, and the discovery of its genetic roots. I propose an additional therapeutic aspect of the reexperience of the past in which the changed representation of patient as child is validated by a new object, the analyst, who is experienced as a benevolent witness to the past and as a benevolent presence in the past, thereby consolidating the change and influencing the patient's adult self-representation. This therapeutic effect is more likely to be of significance in patients who have experienced parental loss or significant deprivation in childhood. Segments of the analysis of a patient illustrate this point. The patient described "listening to himself with compassion for the child he had been" and being listened to by me in the same way. He became thereby "tolerant and empathetic with the child he had been." The more general implications of this as a vehicle for change in psychoanalysis are discussed. Of ancillary interest was the patient's research into his past and ultimately his actualization of a family romance fantasy with a particular ironic twist.

  20. Romance and help-seeking among college women: "it hurts so much to care".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riessman, C K; Whalen, M H; Frost, R O; Morgenthau, J E

    1991-01-01

    Although previous research shows that adult women in intimate relations tend to enjoy better health than women without partners, this study finds the opposite tends to be true for late adolescent women. We followed a college entering class prospectively for 4 years and measured romantic involvement and various aspects of health and illness behavior in a questionnaire. Health service use was determined from the medical record, and disaggregated into distress and health maintenance visits, as well as visits expressly for psychological counseling. First year students who were romantically involved had more physical symptoms, more medical visits, but not more counseling visits, than non-involved women. At senior year, they continued to have more health maintenance, more counseling, but not more distress visits, and they tended to experience greater interference in social role performance due to illness when compared to non-involved women. When several mediators of the relationship between romantic involvement and health service use were controlled-number and intensity of physical symptoms, sexual activity, stress in the relationship, and social network characteristics--the differences persisted. Romance appears to motivate help-seeking among late adolescent women for reasons that are not easily explained empirically. Recent work on adolescent women's development offers theoretical leads that can guide future investigations.

  1. Gene associations: true romance or chance meeting in a nuclear neighborhood?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Jeanne B.; Clemson, Christine M.

    2008-01-01

    Many recent studies have raised interest in the nuclear associations of coregulated genes from different chromosomes, often evoking interpretations of gene–gene interactions, communication, and even “romance.” However, in some cases, the associations may be indirect and infrequent and may reflect the segregation of active and inactive genes into different nuclear compartments. The study by Brown et al. (see p. 1083 of this issue) reports that the apparent association of erythroid genes is not a direct interaction nor colocalization to one tiny transcription factory but arises as a result of the known clustering of many active genes with larger splicing factor–rich speckles (a.k.a., SC35-defined domains). This clustering appears largely stochastic but is impacted by the chromosomal neighborhood of the gene as well as its transcriptional status. The study adds a new twist by examining the same gene in a foreign chromosomal context, providing evidence that this impacts a gene's propensity to form gene–domain (or apparent gene–gene) associations within nuclei. PMID:18809719

  2. Entre o passado e o presente do romance moderno: o humor na escrita de Milan Kundera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilton Barroso Filho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Enquanto pensador da criação estético-romanesca, Milan Kundera assegura que, para refletir acerca da “Arte do Romance” e aquilo que dela se extrai como conhecimento é indispensável procurar entendê-la a partir de dentro de sua própria história; e para ele, quem começou a puxar os fios que teceriam essa história ao longo da modernidade fora o século XVI com François Rabelais. Sendo assim, procurando interpolar o passado ao presente do romance moderno, o humor kunderiano dialoga com a gaiatice do riso rabelaisiano. Entender em que medida esse diálogo permite ao romancista contemporâneo questionar as estruturas sociais bem como a autonomia da criação estética frente ao mundo dominado pela ditadura do idílio, constitui-se no objetivo central desse artigo.

  3. Russian romances: emotionalism and spirituality in the writings of "Eastern Front" nurses, 1914-1918.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallett, Christine

    2009-01-01

    The nursing work of the First World War is usually associated with the trench warfare of the Western Front. Nurses were based within fairly permanent casualty clearing stations and field hospitals, and patients were moved "down the line" to base hospitals, and then to convalescent hospitals "at home." The nurses and volunteers who worked on the Eastern Front and offered their services to the letuchka or "flying columns" of the Russian medical services had a very different experience. They worked with highly mobile units, following a rapidly moving "front line." The diaries of three British (one Anglo-Russian) nurses who worked alongside Russian nursing sisterhoods in three different flying columns-Violetta Thurstan (Field Hospital and Flying Column), Florence Farmborough (With the Armies of the Tsar) and Mary Britnieva (One Woman's Story)--stand as an important corpus of nursing writing. Written in a highly romantic style, they take up similar themes around their work on the Eastern Front as a heroic journey through a dreamlike landscape. Each nurse offers a portrayal of the Russian character as fine and noble. The most important themes deal with the romance of nursing itself, in which nursing work is portrayed as both character-testing and a highly spiritual pursuit.

  4. La infanta Urraca y la ceremonia de investidura caballeresca en el romance Afuera, afuera, Rodrigo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charo MORENO

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available La ballade Afuera, afuera, Rodrigo présente l'infante Urraque comme un personnage fort, confronté à la figure du Cid. Indépendamment du fait que le récit montre des divergences avec les événements historiques, l'adoubement fait par une femme donne, du point de vue littéraire, une série d'éléments qui permettent de caractériser lespersonnages et d’apporter certaines hypothèses pour éclairer sasignification.El romance Afuera, afuera, Rodrigo presenta a la infanta Urraca como un personaje poderoso enfrentando a la figura del Cid. Independientemente de las discrepancias con los hechos históricos que muestra la narración, el acto de la investidura por parte de una mujer ofrece desde el punto de vista literario una serie de elementos que permiten caracterizar a los personajes y aportar ciertas hipótesis para esclarecer su significado.

  5. O DISCURSO ANTI-HERÓICO NO ROMANCE EM CÂMARA LENTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucimeire Viana Nunes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O discurso anti-heróico no romance Em câmara lenta analisa a postura e as ações do seu protagonista, que se opõe à ditadura militar instaurada no Brasil após o ano de 1964. A investigação sobre como evolui o herói tradicional, enraizado nas produções ficcionais épicas e trágicas, elucida o comportamento do herói guerrilheiro, inserido em um sistema diverso de valores. Na literatura brasileira dos anos 70, o revolucionário assume a contestação contra o poder, envolve-se com a luta armada, e a considera como uma prática política benéfica ao País. A morte, para esse indivíduo problemático, inspira grandiosidade e serve de lição para os que, no futuro, irão propor mudanças. Palavras-chave: Revolução, Utopia, Anti-heroísmo.

  6. Literatura e Transdisciplinaridade: uma proposta de ensino a partir do romance Terra Papagalli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Meissner Rolando

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available É inegável que a Educação, de um modo geral, enfrenta uma crise na contemporaneidade. E, naturalmente, as aulas de Língua Portuguesa e Literatura são afetadas por esse cenário. Devido a isso, muitos caminhos têm sido discutidos para a superação dos problemas vigentes e, sem dúvida, a transdisciplinaridade emerge como uma possibilidade instigante. Nesse sentido, o objetivo deste artigo é oferecer uma unidade didática transdisciplinar de ensino de Literatura para alunos do Ensino Médio. Para tanto, foi escolhido o romance contemporâneo Terra Papagalli, dos autores José Roberto Torero e Marcus Aurelius Pimenta, como corpus para a concretização de tal proposta. As sugestões aqui contidas foram embasadas, principalmente, nas proposições de Coelho (2000 a respeito de Literatura e Transdisciplinaridade e Paulino e Cosson (2009 sobre letramento literário. Em síntese, acredita-se que a proposta de ensino trazida por este artigo poderá auxiliar o professor de Língua Portuguesa a enfrentar os desafios impostos pela Educação no século XXI, além de contribuir para a realização do letramento literário.

  7. Prosodic effects on glide-vowel sequences in three Romance languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitoran, Ioana

    2004-05-01

    Glide-vowel sequences occur in many Romance languages. In some they can vary in production, ranging from diphthongal pronunciation [ja,je] to hiatus [ia,ie]. According to native speakers' impressionistic perceptions, Spanish and Romanian both exhibit this variation, but to different degrees. Spanish favors glide-vowel sequences, while Romanian favors hiatus, occasionally resulting in different pronunciations of the same items: Spanish (b[j]ela, ind[j]ana), Romanian (b[i]ela, ind[i]ana). The third language, French, has glide-vowel sequences consistently (b[j]elle). This study tests the effect of position in the word on the acoustic duration of the sequences. Shorter duration indicates diphthong production [jV], while longer duration, hiatus [iV]. Eleven speakers (4 Spanish, 4 Romanian, 3 French), were recorded. Spanish and Romanian showed a word position effect. Word-initial sequences were significantly longer than word-medial ones (p0.05). In the Spanish and Romanian sentences, V in the sequence bears pitch accent, but not in French. It is therefore possible that duration is sensitive not to the presence/absence of the word boundary, but to its position relative to pitch accent. The results suggest that the word position effect is crucially enhanced by pitch accent on V.

  8. Gene associations: true romance or chance meeting in a nuclear neighborhood?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Jeanne B; Clemson, Christine M

    2008-09-22

    Many recent studies have raised interest in the nuclear associations of coregulated genes from different chromosomes, often evoking interpretations of gene-gene interactions, communication, and even "romance." However, in some cases, the associations may be indirect and infrequent and may reflect the segregation of active and inactive genes into different nuclear compartments. The study by Brown et al. (see p. 1083 of this issue) reports that the apparent association of erythroid genes is not a direct interaction nor colocalization to one tiny transcription factory but arises as a result of the known clustering of many active genes with larger splicing factor-rich speckles (a.k.a., SC35-defined domains). This clustering appears largely stochastic but is impacted by the chromosomal neighborhood of the gene as well as its transcriptional status. The study adds a new twist by examining the same gene in a foreign chromosomal context, providing evidence that this impacts a gene's propensity to form gene-domain (or apparent gene-gene) associations within nuclei.

  9. Perpetual bodily trauma: wounding and memory in the Middle English romances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinstry, Jamie

    2013-06-01

    In the 21st century, the concept of trauma is deeply ingrained in psychological discourse despite the term's origins in literal, physical wounding and affecting experience. However, to understand the sources or causes of trauma, psychologists recognise the paramount importance of somatic evidence. The body provides corporeal systems for inputs that might trigger a later remembrance which might be auditory, visual, even tactile. The same body will continue to experience the trauma throughout its life, only alleviated, perhaps, by an appropriate therapeutic or chemical treatment. The body is therefore an important source of the trauma as an affected entity inscribed with experience, but the corporeal form also offers a way in which to identify and understand traumatic suffering itself. In the medieval period, trauma or violent experiences were similarly viewed as corporeal inscriptions which may fade but, metaphorically, remain immediately wounding. This paper explores the presentation of trauma in medieval romances, narratives strewn with injured bodies and correspondingly altered personalities and reputations, and compares this with contemporary research relating to trauma and the neurobiology of consciousness. The core issue is one of experience and expression: how an individual feels and continues to suffer trauma, and the ways in which that suffering can be communicated to those around. Through considering this issue, the paper argues for a relationship between the human experience of trauma across the centuries, and with this the combination of corporeal symbol and affect, and the dynamic interaction of a wounded body with time and its later life.

  10. Pontos referenciais nos acessos cranianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastião Gusmão

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available O conhecimento da topografia cranioencefálica permite delimitar os acessos cranianos. Sistematiza-se os pontos referenciais, definidos em relação aos pontos craniométricos, usados nos diferentes acessos cranianos. Dos 22 pontos referenciais descritos, os doze primeiros estão em relação com a base do crânio e os demais com a convexidade.

  11. A construção do romance policial em O caso da estranha fotografia, Berenice Detetive e Droga de Americana!

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana Pereira de Jesus

    2009-01-01

    O objetivo do presente trabalho é estudar o romance policial, um gênero literário que instiga a curiosidade do público jovem e adulto desde a primeira até a última página de um livro. Desenvolvemos um estudo desse gênero em obras voltadas para o público infanto-juvenil que se identifica com as histórias, personagens e aventuras. Analisamos a construção da narrativa policial no universo infantil dos romances O caso da estranha fotografia (1977), de Stella Carr; Berenice detetive (1987), de Joã...

  12. Aprender com as mulheres : presenças do feminino no romance de aprendizagem português do século XX

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Ana Maria Silva

    2006-01-01

    Tese de Doutoramento na área de Ciências da Literatura, Ramo de Literatura Portuguesa Subgénero romanesco cujas primeiras realizações ocorreram na Alemanha, no final do século XVIII, o Bildungsroman ou romance de aprendizagem manifesta-se na literatura portuguesa do século XX em romances como A via sinuosa (1918), de Aquilino Ribeiro, Nome de guerra (1938), de Almada Negreiros, e A noite e o riso (1969), de Nuno Bragança. Este trabalho destaca a presença feminina nestas obras, cen...

  13. Tocando os ossos do trauma colonial no romance «Manchay Puytu» de Néstor Taboada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Neustadt

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Em seu romance, Manchay Puytu, El amor que quiso ocultar Dios (1977, o autor boliviano Néstor Taboada Terán consegue uma combinação da música e da cultura andina na cidade colonial de Potosí durante o século XVIII.  Este artigo centra-se no yaraví de Manchay Puytu, uma composição musical que ocupa um papel principal no romance. Ainda que este romance (baseado em uma lenda-canção quéchua esteja ambientado na colônia, seu eixo musical (os instrumentos particulares, a música e as idéias culturais surge da cultura quéchua pré-colombiana.Palavras-chave: Néstor Taboada Terán; Manchay Puytu, El amor que quiso ocultar Dios; música; quéchua.Resumen: En su novela, Manchay Puytu, El amor que quiso ocultar Dios (1977, el autor boliviano Néstor Taboada Terán logra una combinación de la música y la cultura andina en la ciudad colonial de Potosí durante el siglo XVIII. Este artículo se centra en el yaraví de Manchay Puytu, una composición musical que ocupa un papel principal en la novela. Aunque esta novela (basada en una leyenda-canción quechua está ambientada en la colonia, su eje musical (los instrumentos particulares, la música y las ideas culturales que rodean esta música surge de la cultura quechua precolombina.Palabras-clave: Néstor Taboada Terán; Manchay Puytu, El amor que quiso ocultar Dios; música; quechua.Keywords: Néstor Taboada Terán; Manchay Puytu, El amor que quiso ocultar Dios; music; Quechua.

  14. Beat Medusa: The model angelic woman in the first romance novel of Carmen de Icaza. Femininity and traditionalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Soler Gallo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the traditional ideal of women in the first romance novel of Carmen de Icaza, a preeminent author in postwar Spanish literature. In the novel, two female models, an angel, representing the protagonist and the idea of traditional femininity, and the monster, who plays the antagonist and reflects the diametrically opposing view of morality to that imposed by the patriarchal society. In this novel Icaza spreads her conservative ideology to the female readers, mostly consumers of this kind of literature in the period after the Spanish Civil War, and emphasizes the values that should prevail in society.

  15. Historical Fiction as a Mixture of History and Romance: Towards the Genre Definition of the Historical Novel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagy Ladislav

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on Walter Scott’s Waverley and its classification as the founding text of the historical novel by Georg Lukacs. The author attempts to show that Lukacs takes Scott too much at his word and posits Waverley in the tradition of the English historical novel as it developed from Defoe and Fielding, while neglecting the close ties that Waverley has with marginalized genres such as romance. The author also argues that rather than being an expression of class consciousness, Waverley is an attempt to justify a certain change in political attitude, from radicalism to conservatism

  16. Things fall apart de Chinua Achebe como romance de fundação da literatura nigeriana em lingua inglesa

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho se propõe a analisar o primeiro livro do romancista nigeriano Chinua Achebe, Thingslall apart, comoromance de fundação da literatura nigeriana de língua inglesa. A partir de considerações teóricas das características do texto fundacional, buscamos identificar no decorrer da narrativa os elementos textuais que indicam uma possível leitura deste romance como fundacional, atentandopara os aspectos discursivos da História da África e da Literatura Africana em geral, da const...

  17. Winfried Fluck. Romance with America? Essays on Culture, Literature, and American Studies.Eds. Laura Bieger and Johannes Voelz.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Michael Gratale

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Having not read the work of Winfried Fluck before, I eagerly took on the tasks of reading and reviewing this edited volume of his work, titled Romance with America?As I worked my way through the first part of the book which deals with American Studies and Cultural Studies, and their relation to issues of aesthetics, I was struck by a couple of things.  First, I wondered why I had not read any of  his work over the years.  And then, that led me to a subsequent observation which was more like a...

  18. PROTAGONISMO DOS ÍNDIOS NORTE-AMERICANOS NOS DESENHOS ANIMADOS DE WALTER LANTZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAFAEL DUARTE OLIVEIRA VENANCIO

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Condemned to a dubious media representation in early cinema through thenovels of the late nineteenth century, the North American Indians never had a high profile infilms of this period. However, an animator, Walter Lantz, has a high degree of characterizationof Native Americans in his work. The aim of this paper is to study the role of Native Americansin these cartoons and analyze the social implications of these choices, using the concepts ofapparatus and formula. Furthermore, the analysis will include a portrayal of the Americanmedia scene before and after Lantz, seeking disruptions and legacies.Condenados a uma duvidosa representação midiática no início do cinema graçasaos romances do final do século XIX, os índios norte-americanos nunca tiveram um grandedestaque nos filmes dessa época. No entanto, um realizador de desenhos animados, WalterLantz, possui um alto grau de caracterização de nativos norte-americanos em seus trabalhos. Oobjetivo do presente artigo é estudar o protagonismo dos índios norte-americanos nessesdesenhos animados, e analisar as implicações sociais dessas escolhas através do uso dosconceitos de dispositivo e fórmula. Além disso, a análise incluirá a retratação da cenamidiática norte-americana antes e depois de Lantz, buscando rupturas e legados.

  19. Forceº, Finitenessº and the placement of clitics in Western Iberian Romance languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco J. Fernández Rubiera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the post- and preverbal clitic alternations (traditionally, enclisis and proclisis found in Western Iberian Romance languages (WI, that is in Galician, European Portuguese and Asturian. These clitic alternations have been traditionally analyzed assuming clitics in these languages are phonologically enclitic – that is, as clitics requiring a phonological host to their left. Alternatively, other analyses have capitalized on a syntactically triggered verb-movement past the clitic to a projection in the left-periphery, blocked under certain conditions. Summarizing part of the research developed in Fernández Rubiera (2009, this article presents new data from different varieties of Asturian where postverbal clitics can also be found in the finite embedded context, a clitic pattern that speakers of Galician and European Portuguese report as marginal or ungrammatical. Empirical evidence from these varieties of Asturian supports an analysis of post- and preverbal clitic alternations in terms of syntactic movement to Finitenessº (cf. Rizzi 1997, 2004 either as an instance of A’-movement or by Xº-movement of a closer head to this left-peripheral projection. In turn, this analysis can be naturally extended to explain the different interpretations that post- and preverbal clitics give rise to in the finite embedded contexts in which both options are grammatical for speakers of what I call Conservative Asturian (CAst. Finally, I briefly show how the analysis proposed predicts crosslinguistic variation within WI in the finite embedded context, which I claim to be ultimately related to differences in the complementizer system in the languages under study.

  20. ANDREW LANG, COMPARATIVE ANTHROPOLOGY AND THE CLASSICS IN THE AFRICAN ROMANCES OF RIDER HAGGARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.L. Hilton

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The long-standing friendship between Andrew Lang (1844-19121 and Henry RiderHaggard (1856-19252 is surely one of the most intriguing literary relationships ofthe Victorian era.3 Lang was a pre-eminent literary critic and his support forHaggard’s earliest popular romances, such as King Solomon’s mines (1885 andShe (1887, helped to establish them as leading models of the new genre ofimperial adventure fiction.4 Lang and Haggard co-authored The world’s desire(18905 and the ideas of Lang, who was also a brilliant Classics scholar, can beseen in many of Haggard’s works. There are some significant similarities betweenthe two men: both were approximate contemporaries who lived through the mostaggressive phase of British imperialism, both were highly successfully writers whoearned their living by their pens, both wrote prolifically and fluently on a wide range of subjects,6 both were largely self-educated, both were interested in thesupernatural, both had had unhappy experiences in love at first but later maintainedlong-lasting marriages, and both were men with powerful faculties of imagination.There are, of course, significant differences also: Lang was a gifted intellectualwho had won a fellowship at Oxford, a Homeric scholar, a poet with a gift forirony and humour, and one of the earliest exponents of the new science ofanthropological mythology; Haggard was less well educated and more seriousminded,he preferred action to ideas, was personally involved in the extension ofBritish rule in Southern Africa,7 and had a close experience of African tribal life.This article sets out to investigate the relationship between these two men, and toassess the extent to which Lang’s classical and anthropological thinking shaped thenarratives of Haggard, especially those set in his imperialistic fantasy of theAfrican continent.

  1. Narratives as an educational tool : a review of 'A Scientific Romance'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hughes, J.; Andrey, J. [Waterloo Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Geography

    2000-06-01

    This paper examined how the use of narratives can be used as a tool for educating the public on climate change with particular reference to Ronald Wright's 1997 novel entitled A Scientific Romance. The novel develops climate change as a central theme in the development plot and has received excellent reviews from literary critics in Canada, Great Britain and the United States. This paper reviewed the novel using criteria from both cognitive psychology and climatology. Cognitive theory claims that human beings think, perceive, understand and make choices according to narrative structures. This evaluation compared Wright's depiction of future climate change with scientific projections. Wright provides great detail regarding climatic conditions of the Great London-Thames Estuary region of Southern England in the years 2500-2501. The climatic variables used in the evaluation consist of surface temperature, sea level rise, precipitation and wind speed. This evaluation determined that Wright's narrative depiction of London's future climate is much more extreme than what scientists project. It was concluded that Wright's tightly woven narrative takes an abstract issue and successfully transforms it into something interesting and provides a detailed depiction of a plausible future climate and its implications for society. However, two minor weaknesses were found to exist. First, there is little reference to the major cause of climate change, and secondly, the climate scenario depicted in the novel is more consistent with the runaway greenhouse theory than with scientists' projections. It was cautioned that narratives must be used carefully and responsibly otherwise, the magnitude of portrayed changes may create a sense of disbelief or helplessness on the part of the public. 27 refs., 1 tab.

  2. CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN THREE MOTINGO BUSYE’S ROMANCE “POPULAR” NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maizufri -

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study is entitled Cultural Diversity in Three Motingo Busye’s Romance “Popular” Novels and explored three novels written by Motingo Busye (hereinafter abbreviated to MB, Fatimah Chen Chen, Hotel Halekulani, and Seribu Senja di Roma. It aimed at identifying the cultural styles used in the three novels using the theory of intertextuality proposed by Julia Kristeva. It investigated how the writer described the images of many cultures in the world narrated in the three novels using the sociological approach and psychological approach. It revealed the characterization of the main characters during their lives through the sequence of id, ego, and super ego. Apart from that, several cultural forms as to how the writer named the characters in the three novels were also investigated. The forms of cultural diversity found in the present study are as follows (1 out of 76 characters in the three novels coming from four countries, seven cities and regions, 38 forms of images coming Europe, America, and Asia (Taiwan and Indonesia were found; (2 from the process of characterization of the main characters, as far as their images were concerned, it was found that the forms of cultural pluralism varied; they were samen leven (living together, polygamy, and the phenomenon of illegitimate children; (3 Apart from that, with regard to how the characters were named (the naming process, the three novels showed the nuance of cultural pluralism involving various cultures in the world. It turned out that how the so many characters were named needed high and wide awareness and knowledge of various cultures as the material of the essence of the images.

  3. CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN THREE MOTINGO BUSYE’S ROMANCE “POPULAR” NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maizufri -

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study is entitled Cultural Diversity in Three Motingo Busye’s Romance “Popular” Novels and explored three novels written by Motingo Busye (hereinafter abbreviated to MB, Fatimah Chen Chen, Hotel Halekulani, and Seribu Senja di Roma. It aimed at identifying the cultural styles used in the three novels using the theory of intertextuality proposed by Julia Kristeva. It investigated how the writer described the images of many cultures in the world narrated in the three novels using the sociological approach and psychological approach. It revealed the characterization of the main characters during their lives through the sequence of id, ego, and super ego. Apart from that, several cultural forms as to how the writer named the characters in the three novels were also investigated. The forms of cultural diversity found in the present study are as follows (1 out of 76 characters in the three novels coming from four countries, seven cities and regions, 38 forms of images coming Europe, America, and Asia (Taiwan and Indonesia were found; (2 from the process of characterization of the main characters, as far as their images were concerned, it was found that the forms of cultural pluralism varied; they were samen leven (living together, polygamy, and the phenomenon of illegitimate children; (3 Apart from that, with regard to how the characters were named (the naming process, the three novels showed the nuance of cultural pluralism involving various cultures in the world. It turned out that how the so many characters were named needed high and wide awareness and knowledge of various cultures as the material of the essence of the images.

  4. O amor nos tempos do cÃlera e a traduÃÃo do espaÃo para o contexto do cinema

    OpenAIRE

    Larissa Pinheiro Xavier

    2013-01-01

    O amor nos tempos do cÃlera (1995), de Gabriel Garcia MÃrquez, apresenta traÃos marcantes do estilo do autor. Suas narrativas tÃm como caracterÃsticas as descriÃÃes psicolÃgicas das personagens, as descriÃÃes fÃsicas das personagens e dos ambientes, o realismo mÃgico e a linguagem culta e a coloquial. AlÃm disso, essa obra apresenta a construÃÃo de uma representaÃÃo do espaÃo latino-americano como uma caracterÃstica relevante. Este romance foi adaptado para o cinema por Mike Newell, em 2007, ...

  5. A epilepsia nos tumores cerebrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marques-Assis

    1969-03-01

    Full Text Available De 411 casos de tumores cerebrais foram estudados 86 (19,4% que apresentaram manifestações epilépticas. A epilepsia foi estudada quanto à duração, ao tipo de manifestação e à severidade, em relação à natureza e à localização dos tumores cerebrais. A análise dos resultados permitiu aos autores chegarem às seguintes conclusões: 1 a epilepsia incidiu em 19,4% dos casos; 2 o oligodendroglioma, as metástases carcinomatosas e o glioblastoma multiforme foram, pela ordem, os tumores mais epileptogênicos; 3 as áreas frontal, parietal e temporal foram, nessa ordem, as localizações mais epileptogênicas; 4 os carcinomas metastáticos predominaram nos casos com epilepsia com menos de um ano de evolução, enquanto que os astrocitomas predominaram nos casos com mais de três anos; quanto à topografia, predominou a região frontal no primeiro grupo e a temporal, no segundo; 5 nas formas mais severas de epilepsia predominaram os oligodendrogliomas e os meningeomas, quanto à natureza, e a região frontotemporal e a foice, quanto à localização; 6 os craniofaringeomas e os meduloblastomas foram os tumores que mais freqüentemente determinaram o aparecimento de convulsões puras; nesses casos, a sela túrsica e a fossa posterior foram as sedes mais freqüentes; 7 os carcinomas metastáticos e os meningeomas, quanto à natureza, e as regiões frontoparietal e parietal, quanto à localização, foram os mais freqüentemente encontrados nos casos com crises de tipo bravais-jacksoniano.

  6. «O Nome da Rosa», romance de transcrição e de metalinguagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Lourenço de Lima Reis

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho procura estudar O Nome da Rosa sob dois aspectos: como romance de transcrição, focalizando a figura do narrador, e também como metalinguagem. Como se trata de um livro sobre livros, Umberto Eco chama a atenção para o caráter intertextual e fenomênico da escrita. Seu uso das técnicas do romance policial visa ao mesmo tempo distrair o leitor e apresentar um modelo de interpretação tanto de um mundo feito de sinais, quanto do próprio texto. O livro torna-se, então, uma versão ficcional de sua pesquisa sobre semiótica e comunicação.Codesto studio de Il Nome della Rosa focalizza due aspectti: quello del metalinguaggio e quello del romanzo di transcrizione, valorizzando il ruolo del narratore. Sicomme è un libro sui libri, Umberto Eco fa risaltare il carattere intertestuale e fenomenico della scrittura. L'impiego delle tecnica di costruzione del giallo mira a intrattenere il lettore e contemporaneamente offre una chiave interpretativa del testo stesso e di un mondo di segni. Il romanzo si trasforma cosi un una versione fittizia della sua ricerca si semiotica e di comunicazione.

  7. From rakhi to romance: negotiating 'acceptable' relationships in co-educational secondary schools in New Delhi, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Padmini

    2017-07-14

    Based on a multi-method study conducted with middle-class young people (aged 15-17) in three secondary schools in New Delhi, India, this paper focuses on heterosocial dynamics within school peer cultures as an important site of learning about gender and sexuality. Findings indicate that young people negotiate and adapt rakhi (brother-sister) relationships to form less strictly platonic heterosocial friendships, which leave open the possibility of romance. Students' preferences for certain heterosocial relationships are considered within the context of wider cultural narratives. For example, students often rejected rakhi relationships, tied to traditional, conservative values, in favour of heterosocial friendships associated with more modern and desirable social patterns. Moreover, students' own definitions of acceptable heterosocial interactions within peer cultures suggest that they are adept at negotiating norms of gender segregation that are enforced in co-educational schools. In contrast to other formal and informal sources of sexual learning available to them, experiences and stories of romances circulating in schools seemed to offer students alternative, more positive ways of understanding teenage intimacy and sexuality.

  8. A crise da representação e o contrato de veridicção no romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz FIORIN

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem o objetivo de mostrar que a chamada crise da representação deve ser analisada, dentro de uma teoria geral do discurso, como uma alteração do contrato veridictório que preside à elaboração do texto. Para isso, examina os contratos que regem a feitura dos romances, bem como as marcas textuais que permitem apreendê-los, para mostrar a mudança que se operou na literatura moderna, a substituição de um contrato objetivante por um contrato semiótico, o que significa que o romance moderno se apresenta como discurso e não como representação da realidade, o que lhe permite pôr em questão todas as verdades estabelecidas. A pós-modernidade parece trazer uma nova crise da representação e, por isso, ela requer um novo contrato semiótico, o metalingüístico, que é analisado em seus traços gerais.

  9. A crise da representação e o contrato de veridicção no romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz FIORIN

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem o objetivo de mostrar que a chamada crise da representação deve ser analisada, dentro de uma teoria geral do discurso, como uma alteração do contrato veridictório que preside à elaboração do texto. Para isso, examina os contratos que regem a feitura dos romances, bem como as marcas textuais que permitem apreendê-los, para mostrar a mudança que se operou na literatura moderna, a substituição de um contrato objetivante por um contrato semiótico, o que significa que o romance moderno se apresenta como discurso e não como representação da realidade, o que lhe permite pôr em questão todas as verdades estabelecidas. A pós-modernidade parece trazer uma nova crise da representação e, por isso, ela requer um novo contrato semiótico, o metalingüístico, que é analisado em seus traços gerais.

  10. "The Way to a Man's Heart." Journey and War Metaphors. Metaphorical Conceptualisations of the Western Romance Model in English and Spanish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Maria Angeles Navarrete

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines two examples of the Western model of romance in English and Spanish discourse: the English metaphor, "the (best) way to a man's heart is through his stomach" (journey metaphor) and its Spanish counterpart, "Al hombre se le conquista por el estomago" (war metaphor). Both central metaphors entail a number of…

  11. The Evolution of Luz: A Case Study of Gendered Tensions of Romance and Domesticity in the Life of a Former Migrant, Chicana College Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Reynaldo, III; Valles, Estella; Salinas, Cinthia

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a case study of a Chicana former migrant in her first year of college through CAMP (College Assistance Migrant Program), and how she negotiated the challenges of family, romance, and the desire to reach her goals. Through narrative analysis, the authors examine the thoughts, words, and experiences of Luz's life to provide insight to…

  12. The Evolution of Luz: A Case Study of Gendered Tensions of Romance and Domesticity in the Life of a Former Migrant, Chicana College Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Reynaldo, III; Valles, Estella; Salinas, Cinthia

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a case study of a Chicana former migrant in her first year of college through CAMP (College Assistance Migrant Program), and how she negotiated the challenges of family, romance, and the desire to reach her goals. Through narrative analysis, the authors examine the thoughts, words, and experiences of Luz's life to provide insight to…

  13. O esquecimento do ser no romance: a análise kunderiana dos diferentes aspectos da existência através de egos experimentais e hipóteses ontológicas [The forgotten being in romance: kunderiana analysis of different aspects of existence by experimental egos and ontological hypothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heraldo Aparecido Silva

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar alguns aspectos da relação entre o romance e a filosofia a partir das ideias do romancista tcheco Milan Kundera. Primeiro, mostra que o advento dos tempos modernos pode ser atribuído não somente a Descartes, mas também a Cervantes, quando o romance recupera temas e funções esquecidos ou negligenciados pela filosofia. Finalmente, a noção de sabedoria do romance é evidenciada para se contrapor à obsessiva busca filosófica pela verdade absoluta e também para enfatizar que as transformações e possibilidades humanas mais relevantes são ocasionadas principalmente pela sensibilidade e imaginação literárias do que pela argumentação filosófica.

  14. Las formas del trabajo femenino y su representación en el romance La noble porquera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceballos Viro, Ignacio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the depiction of women’s work found in the traditional ballad La noble porquera / La porquerola. Firstly, the story is analyzed from an anthropological perspective. Then, the causes and consequences derived from the conflict between mother-in-law and daughterin- law have been examined. This clash is actually the trigger of the plot, which results in the burden of work thrown upon the young wife. The next aim of this study is to determine why those particular duties are seen as a punishment in the ballad. In order to do this, we consider the sociocultural circumstances in which the ballad was passed on; for instance, the fact that many ballad informants worked doing the same tasks that were criticized in the story (like breeding the cattle. Finally, we set out some conclusions about the impact of the socioeconomic background on the oral tradition and the nature and scope of the anthropological analysis in literature.En este estudio se analiza la interpretación que el romance tradicional La noble porquera / La porquerola ofrece acerca del trabajo femenino. Partiendo de un análisis del relato desde la perspectiva antropológica, se examinan en primer lugar las causas y consecuencias del conflicto entre suegra y nuera, el cual funciona como motor de la trama y viene a desembocar en la imposición de unas determinadas cargas laborales sobre la nuera. Lo interesante a continuación es dar razón de por qué el romance considera esos trabajos en particular como un castigo. Para ello, se determina el valor que pudieran tener algunas circunstancias socioculturales en la transmisión del romance, como el hecho de que muchas informantes se dedicaran precisamente a las tareas de cuidado del ganado. Finalmente, se presentan unas conclusiones sobre el grado de incidencia del medio socioeconómico en los relatos orales y sobre las características de la propia perspectiva de análisis antropológico de la literatura.

  15. 李贽与《三国演义》%Li Zhi and Romance of the Three Kingdoms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金惠经

    2012-01-01

    The relation between Li Zhi and Romance of the Three Kingdoms has been the main motif in the academic field. The paper investigates Li Zhi' s method of comment on Romance of the Three Kingdoms and its influence in the study of the work. His comments on the work have been characterized as childishness, indignation, recreation and mediation, wich also manifests the characteristics of a cultural phenomenon on basis of the philosophy of the mind (Xin Xue) in the current of thought at the end of Ming Dynasty. It is considered that The Criticism of Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Li Zhuowu is not a work of Li Zhi, but Li' s method and ideology have an far-reaching influence on Ye Zhou at the same times and Mao Zonggang later. Anyhow, the nu-ances in them need to be researched further.%学术界虽在不断地探讨李贽与《三国演义》的关系,但其究竟如何,至今仍有待探讨。文章虽亦以此为题,但目的却不在于明确其中所存的纠葛,而是借此讨论更加明显地揭示出的相关问题。同时,还要考察李贽的评点理论与其在《三国演义》演变过程中所带来的影响。李贽评点的特色在于童心、发愤、娱乐、疏通之精神,也可以称为是以心学为基础的明末思想潮流中显露出来的一种文化现象。目前《李卓吾先生批评三国志》似乎已经被认定为非李贽所著,但李贽的思想与评点对同时代的叶昼与晚一些的毛宗岗产生了不小的影响,不过,其间存在的各种微妙之处还有待于进一步详细考证。

  16. El retorno del marido en el romancero y en las tragoúdia tradicionales griegas / The husband’s return in the Spanish Romances and the Greek tragoúdia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ioannis Kioridis

    2012-01-01

    ...: the Spanish romances and the Greek tragoúdia. After an introduction outlining the characteristics of both genres, the author presents the structure of the two poems that were on the basis of his investigation...

  17. Relative contributions of NOS isoforms during experimental colitis : endothelial-derived NOS maintains mucosal integrity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vallance, BA; Dijkstra, G; Qiu, BS; van der Waaij, LA; van Goor, H; Jansen, PLM; Mashimo, H; Collins, SM

    2004-01-01

    The role of nitric oxide (NO) in inflammatory bowel diseases has traditionally focused on the inducible form of NO synthase (iNOS). However, the constitutive endothelial (eNOS) and neuronal (nNOS) isoforms may also impact on colitis, either by contributing to the inflammation or by regulating

  18. O percurso de Sidarta e o problema da identidade um estudo transdisciplinar do romance de Hermann Hesse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo da Silva e Souza

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho pretende discutir o problema da identidade pessoal com base na narrativa de Sidarta, de Hermann Hesse. A história de vida do personagem central do romance é analisada à luz da teoria junguiana do processo de individuação e contextualizada com base nas perspectivas histórico-etnológicas de Mircea Eliade e Joseph Campbell. Num momento posterior, o estudo integra também a perspectiva sociológica sobre o problema da auto-identidade desenvolvida por Anthony Giddens. Em última instância, o trabalho procura circunscrever a questão da auto-identidade apostando na possibilidade de uma abordagem transdisciplinar.

  19. Changes in the vowel system and spatial representations from Latin to Romance languages: hypothesis of a spatial referent buccal space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie SAFFI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available I comment on the disappearance of the Latin vowel quantity which is accompanied by arecapture of the length for the prosody in the Romance languages, and in Italian, for thediphthongs, geminates and affricates management. I establish a parallel between, on one hand,spatial distribution and aperture distribution of vowels, on the other hand, conceptions of theperson and its space. I present an hypothesis about the role of language in establishing spatialreferentials, in which spatial geometry of the oral cavity serves as the fundamental referential forkinesthetic memory, and the phonological system of the mother language is a model of theoperating of body’s set of internal models and physical laws.

  20. Romance de Romeu e Julieta: tradução, memória e cultura popular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clara Versiani Galery

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina as semelhanças entre memória e tradução, ao mesmo tempo em que tece uma reflexão sobre o problema da identidade cultural. O conto de Jorge Luis Borges, “La memoria de Shakespeare”, é explorado como um pretexto para a discussão do convívio entre duas tradições, a erudita e a popular. Valendo-se do conceito de transculturação, este artigo demonstra como o folheto de literatura de cordel Romance de Romeu e Julieta adapta um enredo que Shakespeare tornou conhecido, transportando-o para o contexto do nordeste brasileiro.

  1. Tender heroes and twilight lovers: re-reading the romance in mass-market pulp novels, 1950-1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Christine V

    2014-01-01

    In mid-century popular presses published paperbacks about lesbians, gay men, and characters with male and female lovers.  Barbara Grier was the first to catalog novels featuring lesbian subplots by classifying stories based on the extent and style of lesbian content.  I perform a content analysis of 49 novels, motivated by these questions:  How did novels with lesbian and gay characters differ from heterosexual romances?  What do differences reveal about cultural understandings of love, gender, and sexuality?  I find uniformity in the structural logic of novels.  However, there are different narrative strategies, and protagonists' gender and sexuality predict a novel's trajectory.

  2. "A jazzed and patchwork modern": "future" girls and modern masculinities in the early popular romances of Berta Ruck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanerick, Caroline

    2010-01-01

    As a best-selling writer of popular romances during the first half of the twentieth century, Berta Ruck (1878-1978) has been characterised as a producer of 'omelettes of frivolity and sweetness' whose appeal was confined to adolescent girls and the servant classes. Closer attention to some of the early novels and to her own evaluation of her work, however, reveals her attempts to confront and articulate the impact of societal change upon a generation whose world was being irrevocably altered by the Great War and its aftermath. Her almost forensic attention to local detail and her treatment of contemporary questions of gender identity make her a compelling chronicler of the period and lend credibility to her claims of a broader readership than that generally associated with the genre.

  3. 元稹“忍情论”新议%On the View of Refraining from Romance by Yuan Zhen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗朝蓉

    2012-01-01

    《莺莺传》中元稹何以大发"忍情论",自陈寅恪先生开始,猜测者甚众,可惜都有所偏差失误。该文结合唐时的社会风气与社会性别意识,从纵欲、尚情、忍情三个方面分析认定:"忍情论"乃是元稹在遭逢制举试之时,巧妙地利用了当时的性别意识形态,刻意造就"翻版红颜祸水论"以迎合当权者的心理。%Ever since Mr.Chen Yinke made a comment,there are a lot of guesses on why Yuan Zhen held a view of refraining from romance in The Biography of YingYing.But there are great discrepancies among them.This paper combines social conduct with social ideology of Tang Dynasty,exploring and analyzing in three ways such as overindulgence,adoration for affection and abandonment of romantic relationship to conclude that the view of refraining from romance was specifically made as another edition of "the fall of kingdoms to Helen of Troy",using the social gender consciousness of that time by Yuan Zhen when he met with the examination to ZhiJu to cater to those in power.

  4. Fidelidade em tradução : análise das traduções brasileiras de três romances de Umberto Eco

    OpenAIRE

    Patrizia Cavallo

    2015-01-01

    O objetivo do presente estudo é de refletir sobre o conceito de fidelidade em tradução, destacando a evolução desse entendimento ao longo dos séculos até a perspectiva crítica do século XXI, com seus avanços tecnológicos e a mudança de paradigmas teórico-práticos. Para conduzir a reflexão proposta, inserida na área da Literatura Comparada e dos Estudos de Tradução, realiza-se a análise das traduções, para o português brasileiro, de três romances italianos escritos por Umberto Eco. Os romances...

  5. En los albores de la celestinesca: Sobre el "Romance nuevamente hecho de Calisto y Melibea" en el pliego suelto de 1513

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph T. Snow

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The Romance nueuamente hecho de Calisto y Melibea, a pliego suelto printed in 1513 (at Jacobo Cromberger, Seville, a "romance-cuento" (according to Menéndez Pidal of 680 octosyllabic verses, attests a prompt transformation of genre, from Celestina 's dramatic prose into a narrative poem with an extradiegetic narrator. The concise plot includes the typical narrative motifs of Spanish balladry (e.g., the protagonist as a hunter, and it emphasizes the theme of sin and punishment (taken from Celestina 's paratexts, present also in the first pliegos sueltos sung by blind performers. Evidence shows that the base text has been the Comedia, and not the Tragicomedia. This early text should be considered a milestone in the history of the celestinesca.

  6. Cambios en la arquitectura de la prosa española y romance: sintaxis y cohesión discursiva por correferencia nominal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Barra Jover

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the evolution of both Spanish and Romance prose as a modular process where the innovations are superimposed. One such innovation concerns the «nominalization» of prose, to wit, the rise of sequences in which the chaining of comment-driven sentences is replaced by the chaining of topic-driven sentences. The main example of nominalization and one which has a founding role is el cual. In order to understand both its introduction and its extension in romance languages, I distinguish two different structures for this item: the adjective sentence and the topical sentence, and I suggest that the latter structure rather than the former is the source of the innovation. Other items like el dicho, semejante and tal incorporate the same process.

  7. “Em meio à recamada via”: Matilde, do romance Leite derramado, e Matelda, d’A divina comédia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexsandra Loiola Sarmento

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma visão bakhtiniana do texto como jogo dialógico e polifônico, este trabalho procura estabelecer uma comparação entre as personagens Matilde, do romance Leite derramado, de Chico Buarque, e Matelda, d’A divina comédia, de Dante Alighieri. Ao traçar os vínculos existentes entre tais criações, a leitura destaca a presença da tradição clássica no romance e o processo de carnavalização da linguagem responsável por misturar o sagrado e o profano, a religiosidade e o erotismo, a beatitude e a sensualidade: aspectos que dão à Matilde buarquiana uma instigante expressão figurativa.

  8. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Air Temperature

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have air temperature data. *These services are for testing and evaluation...

  9. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Water Temperature

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have water temperature data. *These services are for testing and evaluation...

  10. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Barometric Pressure

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have barometric pressure data. *These services are for testing and...

  11. NOAA NOS SOS, EXPERIMENTAL - Water Level

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA NOS SOS server is part of the IOOS DIF SOS Project. The stations in this dataset have water surface height above a reference datum. *These services are for...

  12. PODE A ARTE NOS SALVAR?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Rizério de Almeida e Pessoa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O desenvolvimento do caráter técnico-científico-industrial da civilização moderna trouxe consigo um renovado interesse em se discutir o homem e seu lugar no mundo. Durante o século XX, seja na arte, literatura ou filosofia, não faltaram vozes anunciando para o futuro o fim do homem ou a submissão de seu pensamento a níveis cada vez maiores de alienação. O interesse ou mesmo a necessidade de se questionar um modo de resistência capaz de trazer o homem de volta a si mesmo deu origem a diferentes leituras acerca do lugar do homem no mundo moderno. Entre elas, destacamos a interpretação da essência humana desenvolvida por Martin Heidegger. Segundo o autor alemão, cumpre-nos romper com o tradicional paradigma da subjetividade, que orientou o modo como a modernidade entendeu o ser do homem. Ora, a intenção dessa pesquisa é justamente demarcar as consequências dessa ruptura com a subjetividade para a compreensão do homem e enfim problematizar as suas implicações teóricas ou filosóficas mais gerais. De fato, desde que o homem se arvorou o título de “senhor da terra” parece que ele se encontra em todos oslugares, quando, na verdade, é justamente no domínio da técnica que ele se encontra o mais distante de si mesmo ou de sua essência. Para reencontrar-se consigo mesmo, faz-se necessário a preparação para o advento do novo homem, e está reservada à arte, ao que parece, abrir caminhos na densa floresta que separa o homem de sua autenticidade. Cabe a nós, portanto, questionar se e em que medida a arte pode cumprir essa tarefa, ou se, ao contrário, estamos esperando dela mais do que pode oferecer.

  13. Nitric Oxide Synthase Enzymes in the Airways of Mice Exposed to Ovalbumin: NOS2 Expression Is NOS3 Dependent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer M. Bratt

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives and Design. The function of the airway nitric oxide synthase (NOS isoforms and the lung cell types responsible for its production are not fully understood. We hypothesized that NO homeostasis in the airway is important to control inflammation, which requires upregulation, of NOS2 protein expression by an NOS3-dependent mechanism. Materials or Subjects. Mice from a C57BL/6 wild-type, NOS1−/−, NOS2−/−, and NOS3−/− genotypes were used. All mice strains were systemically sensitized and exposed to filtered air or ovalbumin (OVA aerosol for two weeks to create a subchronic model of allergen-induced airway inflammation. Methods. We measured lung function, lung lavage inflammatory and airway epithelial goblet cell count, exhaled NO, nitrate and nitrite concentration, and airway NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3 protein content. Results. Deletion of NOS1 or NOS3 increases NOS2 protein present in the airway epithelium and smooth muscle of air-exposed animals. Exposure to allergen significantly reduced the expression of NOS2 protein in the airway epithelium and smooth muscle of the NOS3−/− strain only. This reduction in NOS2 expression was not due to the replacement of epithelial cells with goblet cells as remaining epithelial cells did not express NOS2. NOS1−/− animals had significantly reduced goblet cell metaplasia compared to C57Bl/6 wt, NOS2−/−, and NOS3−/− allergen-exposed mice. Conclusion. The airway epithelial and smooth muscle cells maintain a stable airway NO concentration under noninflammatory conditions. This “homeostatic” mechanism is unable to distinguish between NOS derived from the different constitutive NOS isoforms. NOS3 is essential for the expression of NOS2 under inflammatory conditions, while NOS1 expression contributes to allergen-induced goblet cell metaplasia.

  14. Nitric oxide synthase enzymes in the airways of mice exposed to ovalbumin: NOS2 expression is NOS3 dependent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bratt, Jennifer M; Williams, Keisha; Rabowsky, Michelle F; Last, Michael S; Franzi, Lisa M; Last, Jerold A; Kenyon, Nicholas J

    2010-01-01

    The function of the airway nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and the lung cell types responsible for its production are not fully understood. We hypothesized that NO homeostasis in the airway is important to control inflammation, which requires upregulation, of NOS2 protein expression by an NOS3-dependent mechanism. Mice from a C57BL/6 wild-type, NOS1(-/-), NOS2(-/-), and NOS3(-/-) genotypes were used. All mice strains were systemically sensitized and exposed to filtered air or ovalbumin (OVA) aerosol for two weeks to create a subchronic model of allergen-induced airway inflammation. We measured lung function, lung lavage inflammatory and airway epithelial goblet cell count, exhaled NO, nitrate and nitrite concentration, and airway NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3 protein content. Deletion of NOS1 or NOS3 increases NOS2 protein present in the airway epithelium and smooth muscle of air-exposed animals. Exposure to allergen significantly reduced the expression of NOS2 protein in the airway epithelium and smooth muscle of the NOS3(-/-) strain only. This reduction in NOS2 expression was not due to the replacement of epithelial cells with goblet cells as remaining epithelial cells did not express NOS2. NOS1(-/-) animals had significantly reduced goblet cell metaplasia compared to C57Bl/6 wt, NOS2(-/-), and NOS3(-/-) allergen-exposed mice. The airway epithelial and smooth muscle cells maintain a stable airway NO concentration under noninflammatory conditions. This "homeostatic" mechanism is unable to distinguish between NOS derived from the different constitutive NOS isoforms. NOS3 is essential for the expression of NOS2 under inflammatory conditions, while NOS1 expression contributes to allergen-induced goblet cell metaplasia.

  15. A alusão a romances nas letras portuguesas dos séculos XV-XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araújo, Teresa

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The nineteenth-century concern with establishing the idea of literature led to the (rediscovery of specific verse lines from peninsular ballads in various works of Portuguese authors contemporary with Garcia de Resende, Luís de Camões and Francisco Manuel de Melo (including themselves. With the Romantic perspective and that of the philology of the era now behind us, and having revised the main theories on Intertextuality formulated in the late 20th century, this essay focuses on these interpolations in the Portuguese Literature context. They are interpreted here as allusive devices with musical, poetic and semantic effects as diverse and precise as they are essential from the standpoint of view of the creative poetic paradigm in which they flourished. Through the combinatorial identification between the referred ballads and the interpretation of the meaning and function of the incorporations we are given textual meanings that are not immediately perceived by a first reading.Las preocupaciones de Ochocientos con respecto al establecimiento de la idea de literatura llevaron al (redescubrimiento de versos de romances peninsulares en varias obras de autores portugueses contemporáneos de Garcia de Resende, Luís de Camões y D. Francisco Manuel de Melo (incluyendo ellos mismos. Superadas la perspectiva romanticista y la de la filología de la época, así como revisadas las teorías de la intertextualidad de finales del siglo XX, el estudio incide sobre estas interpolaciones en las letras portuguesas. Las interpreta como dispositivos de alusión con efectos musicales, poéticos y semánticos tan diversos cuanto precisos e imprescindibles desde el punto de vista de la economía creativa de las obras que las presentan. A través de la combinatoria identificación de los romances aludidos / interpretación del sentido y función de las incrustaciones deslinda significados textuales que no son perceptibles mediante una lectura meramente lineal.

  16. Multifaceted NOS Instruction: Contextualizing Nature of Science with Documentary Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Mark; Binns, Ian C.; Koehler, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    This research focuses on inservice science teachers' conceptions of nature of science (NOS) before and after a two-week intensive summer professional development (PD). The PD combined traditional explicit NOS instruction, numerous interactive interventions that highlighted NOS aspects, along with documentary films that portrayed NOS in context of…

  17. mNos2 deletion and human NOS2 replacement in Alzheimer disease models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colton, Carol A; Wilson, Joan G; Everhart, Angela; Wilcock, Donna M; Puoliväli, Jukka; Heikkinen, Taneli; Oksman, Juho; Jääskeläinen, Olli; Lehtimäki, Kimmo; Laitinen, Teemu; Vartiainen, Nina; Vitek, Michael P

    2014-08-01

    Understanding the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying Alzheimer disease relies on knowledge of disease onset and the sequence of development of brain pathologies. We present a comprehensive analysis of early and progressive changes in a mouse model that demonstrates a full spectrum of characteristic Alzheimer disease-like pathologies. This model demonstrates an altered immune redox state reminiscent of the human disease and capitalizes on data indicating critical differences between human and mouse immune responses, particularly in nitric oxide levels produced by immune activation of the NOS2 gene. Using the APPSwDI(+)/(+)mNos2(-/-) (CVN-AD) mouse strain, we show a sequence of pathologic events leading to neurodegeneration,which include pathologically hyperphosphorylated tau in the perforant pathway at 6 weeks of age progressing to insoluble tau, early appearance of β-amyloid peptides in perivascular deposits around blood vessels in brain regions known to be vulnerable to Alzheimer disease, and progression to damage and overt loss in select vulnerable neuronal populations in these regions. The role of species differences between hNOS2 and mNos2 was supported by generating mice in which the human NOS2 gene replaced mNos2. When crossed with CVN-AD mice, pathologic characteristics of this new strain (APPSwDI(+)/(-)/HuNOS2(tg+)/(+)/mNos2(-/-)) mimicked the pathologic phenotypes found in the CVN-AD strain.

  18. Quasi-Bodies and Kafka’s Castle in Sion Sono’s Crime Noir Guilty of Romance (2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo Chia-wen

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sion Sono’s Guilty of Romance (Koi no tsumi, 2011 was adapted from an actual crime in Tokyo’s love hotel: an educated woman (a prostitute at night was found decapitated and her limbs were re-assembled with a sex-doll. Sono renders this through his cinematic narrative blurring the distinction between true crime and fictional sin like Rancière’s idea that everything is a narrative dissipating the opposition between “fact and fiction,” and “quasi-body” becomes a product of human literarity while an imaginary collective body is formed to fill the fracture in-between. In Sono’s story, the victim is a literature professor tormented by an incestuous desire for her father, whose favorite book is Kafka’s Castle. Thus she compares the love-hotel district where she turns loose at night as a castle of lusts. Here the narrative becomes a collective body that puppeteers human “quasi-bodies” in a Kafkaesque spatio-temporal aporia, and time’s spatialized horizontally with the germs of desire spread like a contagion on a Deleuzian “plane of immanence.”

  19. Romance and Freedom: Nelson and Winnie Mandela’s Politics of Gender in Three Post-Apartheid Novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Mari

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to retrace the influence of the politics of gender enacted by Nelson and Winnie Mandela on post-apartheid gender relationships, as represented in three novels: Phaswane Mpe’s Welcome to Our Hillbrow (2001, Njabulo Ndebele’s The Cry of Winnie Mandela (2003 and Lewis Nkosi’s Mandela’s Ego (2006.Recently, Nelson and Winnie Mandela’s marriage has been also described as the “unusual founding-family romance” (Munro 2014 of the post-apartheid nation. Their marriage lasted from 1958 to 1992, including, thus, the last decades of the anti-apartheid struggle, as well as the demise of the apartheid regime. Their separation, which was due in the first place to Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment and, later, to their divorce, eventually marked the disruption of this founding-family romance, making it “unusual”.As a consequence, the deconstructive take on Nelson Mandela’s fatherhood and masculinity and Winnie Mandela’s femininity and motherhood which is enacted in the three novels also allows to reassess the possibility of that “founding-family romance”, envisioning an alternative understanding of the origins of the post-apartheid South African nation.

  20. The Power of Love: Rewriting the Romance in Isabel Allende's The House of the Spirits and Eva Luna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frances Jane P. Abao

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite its ongoing popularity with women readers, romantic fiction has traditionally been regarded as an instrument of women's oppression, largely due to its reinforcement and even glorification of sexual stereotypes and bourgeois values. Latin American writer Isabel Allende's novels The House of the Spirits and Eva Luna both contain a number of the elements and conventions of romantic fiction, including distinct similarities to the two acknowledged foundations of this genre: Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre and Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights.However, The House of the Spirits and Eva Luna can also be read as rewritings of the genre of romantic fiction. In these two texts, Isabel Allende appropriates and then reworks certain conventions of romantic fiction in order to portray her notion of "fulfilling egalitarian relationships" between men and women. Nevertheless, despite these feminist revisions, Allende's rewritten romances do retain the "wish-fulfillment" element-or ideal-of romantic fiction, its depiction of women's fantasy of feminine values being appreciated and validated within heterosexual romantic relationships in the real world.

  1. The Bantu-Romance-Greek connection revisited: Processing constraints in auxiliary and clitic placement from a cross-linguistic perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stergios Chatzikyriakidis

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores a connection between Romance and Greek on the one hand, and Bantu on the other. More specifically, we look at auxiliary placement in Rangi and clitic placement in Tobler Mussafia languages, with a special emphasis on Cypriot Greek, and argue that a common explanation for their distribution can be found once a move into a dynamic framework is made. Rangi exhibits an unusual word order alternation in auxiliary constructions under which the position of the auxiliary appears to be sensitive to an element appearing at the left periphery of the clause. A similar sensitivity to a left-peripheral element can be seen to regulate clitic placement in Cypriot Greek (and generally in the so-called Tobler Mussafia clitic languages. The paper presents a parsing-oriented account of these two phenomena in the Dynamic Syntax framework, arguing that the similarities in syntactic distribution are the result of the encoding in the lexicon of processing strategies that were potentially pragmatic preferences in earlier stages of the respective languages. The account thus leans on the role played by the lexical entries for auxiliary and clitic forms, as well as the assumption that underspecification is inherent in the process of establishing meaning in context. The account is further supplemented by possible pathways of diachronic change that could have given rise to the systems found in present day varieties.

  2. Are ethnic minorities synonymous for genetic isolates? Comparing Walser and Romance populations in the Upper Lys Valley (Western Alps).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boattini, Alessio; Griso, Clio; Pettener, Davide

    2011-01-01

    Cultural differences between neighbouring populations are often said to give rise to reproductive barriers. For ethnic minorities, these barriers can easily result in genetic isolation. In this study, we analyse the surname structure of the Walser of the upper Lys Valley, a German-speaking ethnic minority in the Italian Western Alps, to better understand the relationships between linguistic and genetic isolation. Analyses were based on 1713 marriages registered from 1838 to 1938 in four villages of the valley: three Walser communities (Issime, Gressoney-Saint-Jean, Gressoney-La-Trinité) and the Romance community of Gaby. The results show that endogamy and inbreeding are lower than in other Italian linguistic minorities, with the exception of Gaby, whose values rank among the highest ever found in Italy. Compared to the Walser communities' Gaby behaves as an outgroup and has an almost exclusively autochthonous surname set. The latter aspect is also true, but to a lesser extent, for the Walser villages, in particular for Issime on the one hand and Gressoney-Saint-Jean and Gressoney-La-Trinité on the other. These findings strongly suggest that the Walser communities' ethnic minority status is not associated with genetic isolation, whereas genetic isolation was found in the linguistically non-isolated Gaby. Finally, our results are consistent with two independent late medieval migration events at the origin of these Walser settlements.

  3. Cristais de gases raros nos metais

    OpenAIRE

    Cendotec, Cendotec; CENDOTEC - São Paulo

    1989-01-01

    Durante a fissão, o aumento de volume do combustível no caroço dos reatores nucleares deve-se ao acúmulo de bolhas de gases raros encerrados nos produtos de fissão do urânio. Agora, uma equipe de pesquisadores franceses demonstrou que essas bolhas, supostamente gasosas, eram na verdade sólidos cristalinos quando o bombardeio de íons nos materiais se realizava em temperatura ambiente, e que a elevação da temperatura provoca uma transformação sólido/líquido, perfeitamente reversível. Descobrira...

  4. A Comparative Study of View on Love Values in the Tourist Films of "Romance on Lushan Mountain"(1980) and "Romance on Lushan 2010"%1980年版《庐山恋》与《庐山恋2010》影视旅游爱情价值观对比

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祖群

    2012-01-01

    The two films before and after the inheritance is modeled to analyze the two questions: 1.old and new "Romance on Lushan Mountain" reflects the comparative values of love: For the 1980 version of "Romance on Lushan Mountain," we praise than derogatory,"Lushan Love 2010" We depreciate than praise.2.old and new "Romance on Lushan Mountain" reflects the impact of the power on love: 1980 version of"Romance on Lushan Mountain"is a political kidnapping love",Lushan Love 2010" in the material temptations of love.The love in travel being discussed,the ups and downs of plots is a must to these films.%以两部前后有继承关系的影片为蓝本,分析了两个问题:第一,新旧《庐山恋》反映的爱情价值观对比:对于1980年版《庐山恋》大家褒大于贬,《庐山恋2010》大家贬大于褒。第二,新旧《庐山恋》反映的权力对爱情造成的影响:1980年版《庐山恋》是政治绑架了爱情,《庐山恋2010》则是物质诱惑了爱情。通过讨论影视旅游中的爱情主题,认为爱情主题需要跌宕起伏、高潮不断的情节。

  5. L΄écrivain et ses doubles dans le roman contemporain: (Christian Mistral et Adriana Lisboa = O escritor e seu duplo no romance contemporâneo: (Christian Mistral e Adriana Lisboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Figueiredo, Eurídice

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trabalha a questão da figura do autor e seus duplos no romance contemporâneo do Brasil e do Quebec a partir da análise de romances de Adriana Lisboa e Christian Mistral a fim de detectar a presença do próprio escritor e de seus antecessores em textos em forma de palimpsesto. Essa encenação do ato da escrita borra as fronteiras entre ficção e realidade

  6. Pasture names with Romance and Slavic roots facilitate dissection of Y chromosome variation in an exclusively German-speaking alpine region.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harald Niederstätter

    Full Text Available The small alpine district of East Tyrol (Austria has an exceptional demographic history. It was contemporaneously inhabited by members of the Romance, the Slavic and the Germanic language groups for centuries. Since the Late Middle Ages, however, the population of the principally agrarian-oriented area is solely Germanic speaking. Historic facts about East Tyrol's colonization are rare, but spatial density-distribution analysis based on the etymology of place-names has facilitated accurate spatial mapping of the various language groups' former settlement regions. To test for present-day Y chromosome population substructure, molecular genetic data were compared to the information attained by the linguistic analysis of pasture names. The linguistic data were used for subdividing East Tyrol into two regions of former Romance (A and Slavic (B settlement. Samples from 270 East Tyrolean men were genotyped for 17 Y-chromosomal microsatellites (Y-STRs and 27 single nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs. Analysis of the probands' surnames revealed no evidence for spatial genetic structuring. Also, spatial autocorrelation analysis did not indicate significant correlation between genetic (Y-STR haplotypes and geographic distance. Haplogroup R-M17 chromosomes, however, were absent in region A, but constituted one of the most frequent haplogroups in region B. The R-M343 (R1b clade showed a marked and complementary frequency distribution pattern in these two regions. To further test East Tyrol's modern Y-chromosomal landscape for geographic patterning attributable to the early history of settlement in this alpine area, principal coordinates analysis was performed. The Y-STR haplotypes from region A clearly clustered with those of Romance reference populations and the samples from region B matched best with Germanic speaking reference populations. The combined use of onomastic and molecular genetic data revealed and mapped the marked structuring of the distribution

  7. Pasture Names with Romance and Slavic Roots Facilitate Dissection of Y Chromosome Variation in an Exclusively German-Speaking Alpine Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederstätter, Harald; Rampl, Gerhard; Erhart, Daniel; Pitterl, Florian; Oberacher, Herbert; Neuhuber, Franz; Hausner, Isolde; Gassner, Christoph; Schennach, Harald; Berger, Burkhard; Parson, Walther

    2012-01-01

    The small alpine district of East Tyrol (Austria) has an exceptional demographic history. It was contemporaneously inhabited by members of the Romance, the Slavic and the Germanic language groups for centuries. Since the Late Middle Ages, however, the population of the principally agrarian-oriented area is solely Germanic speaking. Historic facts about East Tyrol's colonization are rare, but spatial density-distribution analysis based on the etymology of place-names has facilitated accurate spatial mapping of the various language groups' former settlement regions. To test for present-day Y chromosome population substructure, molecular genetic data were compared to the information attained by the linguistic analysis of pasture names. The linguistic data were used for subdividing East Tyrol into two regions of former Romance (A) and Slavic (B) settlement. Samples from 270 East Tyrolean men were genotyped for 17 Y-chromosomal microsatellites (Y-STRs) and 27 single nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs). Analysis of the probands' surnames revealed no evidence for spatial genetic structuring. Also, spatial autocorrelation analysis did not indicate significant correlation between genetic (Y-STR haplotypes) and geographic distance. Haplogroup R-M17 chromosomes, however, were absent in region A, but constituted one of the most frequent haplogroups in region B. The R-M343 (R1b) clade showed a marked and complementary frequency distribution pattern in these two regions. To further test East Tyrol's modern Y-chromosomal landscape for geographic patterning attributable to the early history of settlement in this alpine area, principal coordinates analysis was performed. The Y-STR haplotypes from region A clearly clustered with those of Romance reference populations and the samples from region B matched best with Germanic speaking reference populations. The combined use of onomastic and molecular genetic data revealed and mapped the marked structuring of the distribution of Y

  8. Romance of Three Kingdoms and Edo literature of Japan%《三国演义》与日本江户文学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵莹

    2013-01-01

      《三国演义》于江户时期(公元1603-1867年)输入日本,与这一时期崛起的庶民文化相得益彰,尤其伴随着第一个日译本《通俗三国志》的诞生,《三国演义》在日本被广泛接受的同时,对江户文学也产生了巨大的影响。这种影响是全方位、多角度、深层次的,不仅涉及小说、戏剧,还波及到绘画领域。另一方面,江户文学在接受《三国演义》的过程中,将一部中国小说通过一步步日本化,演变成日本的小说和戏剧,表现出了强烈的文化过滤特质。%Romance of the Three Kingdoms was introduced into Japan during the Edo period (1603 -1867) ,and this great Chinese novel went hand in hand with the rising popular culture in Japan at that time .With the publication of the first Japanese version of Popular Romance of the Three Kingdoms ,Ro-mance of the Three Kingdoms was widely accepted in Japan .At the same time ,it made a huge impact on Edo literature .This in fluence is omnidirectional ,multi-angled and profound ,covering not only novels and dramas but painting as well .On the other hand ,through Japanization ,a Chinese novel evolved into a Jap-anese novel and drama step by step ,exhibiting a strong tendency of cultural filter .

  9. Pasture names with Romance and Slavic roots facilitate dissection of Y chromosome variation in an exclusively German-speaking alpine region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederstätter, Harald; Rampl, Gerhard; Erhart, Daniel; Pitterl, Florian; Oberacher, Herbert; Neuhuber, Franz; Hausner, Isolde; Gassner, Christoph; Schennach, Harald; Berger, Burkhard; Parson, Walther

    2012-01-01

    The small alpine district of East Tyrol (Austria) has an exceptional demographic history. It was contemporaneously inhabited by members of the Romance, the Slavic and the Germanic language groups for centuries. Since the Late Middle Ages, however, the population of the principally agrarian-oriented area is solely Germanic speaking. Historic facts about East Tyrol's colonization are rare, but spatial density-distribution analysis based on the etymology of place-names has facilitated accurate spatial mapping of the various language groups' former settlement regions. To test for present-day Y chromosome population substructure, molecular genetic data were compared to the information attained by the linguistic analysis of pasture names. The linguistic data were used for subdividing East Tyrol into two regions of former Romance (A) and Slavic (B) settlement. Samples from 270 East Tyrolean men were genotyped for 17 Y-chromosomal microsatellites (Y-STRs) and 27 single nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs). Analysis of the probands' surnames revealed no evidence for spatial genetic structuring. Also, spatial autocorrelation analysis did not indicate significant correlation between genetic (Y-STR haplotypes) and geographic distance. Haplogroup R-M17 chromosomes, however, were absent in region A, but constituted one of the most frequent haplogroups in region B. The R-M343 (R1b) clade showed a marked and complementary frequency distribution pattern in these two regions. To further test East Tyrol's modern Y-chromosomal landscape for geographic patterning attributable to the early history of settlement in this alpine area, principal coordinates analysis was performed. The Y-STR haplotypes from region A clearly clustered with those of Romance reference populations and the samples from region B matched best with Germanic speaking reference populations. The combined use of onomastic and molecular genetic data revealed and mapped the marked structuring of the distribution of Y

  10. O romance como coletânea de contos: a redução nas literaturas contemporâneas latino-americanas

    OpenAIRE

    MÜLLER, Gesine

    2016-01-01

    Resumo O romance como coletânea de contos experimenta um notável vigor nas literaturas latino-americanas aproximadamente desde 1989. Isto possivelmente se deve, entre outros fatores, à mudança de paradigma realizada em diversos graus pelos próprios autores do chamado boom da literatura latino-americana. O presente artigo compara as primeiras obras de representantes canônicos como Carlos Fuentes e Gabriel García Márquez com as respectivas obras tardias, observando em que medida ocorreu uma mud...

  11. A figura da Llorona no romance Heart of Aztlán, de Rudolfo Anaya: sobrevivência de um mito no rio do tempo

    OpenAIRE

    Mancelos, João de

    2001-01-01

    A Llorona é uma personagem bem conhecida de numerosas lendas, poemas e canções do sudoeste. Alguns historiadores acreditam que este mito tem origem na deusa asteca Cihuacoatl, enquanto outros traçam a sua origem até à colonização do novo mundo. Neste artigo, argumento que, no romance Heart of Aztlán, de Rudolfo Anaya, a Llorona é recriada para adquirir novos significados: a) uma velha louca, que vive nas margens de um canal e assusta tanto os adultos como as crianças; b) uma bruxa, possuidora...

  12. O poder de denúncia do cordel no cinema: O romance do vaqueiro voador, de João Bosco Bezerra Bonfim e Manfredo Caldas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Debs

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The movie O romance do vaqueiro voador, by Manfredo Caldas, is built departing from the homonymous cordel by João Bosco Bezerra Bonfim – which, on its turn, was inspired by the documentary Brasília segundo Feldman, by Vladimir Carvalho – aiming to tell, denounce and remember the tragedy the building of the city was. This article aims to discuss some questions: why choose as a character a pot cowboy to wander in the places of the tragedy? Why use a cordel to give origin to another movie?

  13. Os romances sentimentais na cultura tecnológica: um estudo de como viver junto o lazer e o amor no século XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Silva

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem como objetivo verificar as similaridades e as diferenças de tratamento da temática amorosa a fim de constatar as mudanças nas representações e significados do amor para as mulheres. Para tanto, compara-se o contexto sociocultural da década de 1980 com o do início do século XXI. Com esse intuito, o corpus da pesquisa são os romances sentimentais da editora Nova Cultural e da Harlequin Books, distribuídos atualmente no Brasil tanto pela mídia impressa como pela internet. A análise possibilita verificar as estratégias de abordagem da temática desde o surgimento dos primeiros romances desta espécie no Brasil, em 1978, até o “encontro digital” das apreciadoras desse tipo de literatura na web, bem como suas implicações na cultura contemporânea que busca o desejo de “viver junto” o amor. Palavras-chave: Amor; cultura contemporânea; romances sentimentais; web. ABSTRACT This text aims to verify the similarities and differences in the use of loverelated themes in order to observe the changes in representations and meanings of love to women. To do so the 1980’s sociocultural context is compared to its correspondent in the early 21st century. With this goal, the research’s core are the sentimental romance books from Nova Cultural publishing house and Harlequin Books, available in Brazil both in print and through the Internet. The analysis enables the verification of the theme approach strategies since their first publication in Brazil, in 1978, up to the “digital gathering” of fans of such literature on the web, as well as their implications in today´s culture which endeavors to “live love together”. Keywords: Love; contemporary culture; sentimental novels; web.

  14. O romance como coletânea de contos: a redução nas literaturas contemporâneas latino-americanas

    OpenAIRE

    MÜLLER, Gesine

    2016-01-01

    Resumo O romance como coletânea de contos experimenta um notável vigor nas literaturas latino-americanas aproximadamente desde 1989. Isto possivelmente se deve, entre outros fatores, à mudança de paradigma realizada em diversos graus pelos próprios autores do chamado boom da literatura latino-americana. O presente artigo compara as primeiras obras de representantes canônicos como Carlos Fuentes e Gabriel García Márquez com as respectivas obras tardias, observando em que medida ocorreu uma mud...

  15. A figura da Llorona no romance Heart of Aztlán, de Rudolfo Anaya: sobrevivência de um mito no rio do tempo

    OpenAIRE

    Mancelos, João de

    2001-01-01

    A Llorona é uma personagem bem conhecida de numerosas lendas, poemas e canções do sudoeste. Alguns historiadores acreditam que este mito tem origem na deusa asteca Cihuacoatl, enquanto outros traçam a sua origem até à colonização do novo mundo. Neste artigo, argumento que, no romance Heart of Aztlán, de Rudolfo Anaya, a Llorona é recriada para adquirir novos significados: a) uma velha louca, que vive nas margens de um canal e assusta tanto os adultos como as crianças; b) uma bruxa, possuidora...

  16. Los Refranes o Proverbios en Romance (1555, de Hernán Núñez, Pinciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madroñal, Abraham

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The work tries to consider «Refranes o proverbios en romance» by Hernán Núñez, the Greek Commander, a peculiar work that appears in an important moment of the Spanish history and literature. It is also remarkable for being a posthumuous work because his author did not want to publish it in life or to leave it unknown. The study focus on the peculiarities of all type, from the purely linguistic ones to those which have to do with the literature, without forgetting the circunstances of the author and the relationships that this collection of proverbs has with other previous and later ones (Valles, Mal Lara, Correas, Spanish and foreigners. The work genesis, its originalilty and repercussion..., and the editions from the first to the last one (2001 are also studied. Hernán Núñez, Professor at Salamanca University, prestigious philologist at his time, publisher and translator of classical editions, decides to make a collection of proverbs at the end of his life, the most plentiful ever known. So that he does not mind using any procedure to get the proverbs: from buying them to his students to going to other compilations, hand-written or in progress. His relationship with the Erasmism and humanists of the age are shown in these pages which include clearly irreverent, anticlerical and scatological proverbs that shocked later writers.El trabajo pretende considerar la obra Refranes o proverbios en romance (1555 de Hernán Núñez, Comendador Griego, una obra curiosa que aparece en un momento crucial de la historia y de la literatura españolas. Se da la particularidad además de que es obra póstuma porque su autor no quiso que se publicara en vida, pero tampoco que quedara inédita. El estudio se centra en las peculiaridades de todo tipo, desde las puramente lingüísticas a las que tienen que ver con lo literario, sin dejar de considerar las circunstancias personales del autor y las relaciones que este refranero tiene con otros anteriores y

  17. O romance 'Homens e caranguejos' de Josué Castro: A contemporaneidade no tempo narrativo da memória

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Azevedo Sá de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A trama de Homens e caranguejos (1967, escrita por Josué de Castro, atravessa a fluída dimensão do tempo, acoplando-a às transformações gestadas nos elementos telúricos da vida textualizada, tal qual manifesta Mikhail Bakhtin sob a categoria do cronotopo. No curso da lama e das rememorações distantes nos espaços e tempos deixados para trás, vincula-se o devir temporal como um dos elementos-chave para sua mediação interpretativa.

  18. El cambio del latín al romance en la cancillería real de Castilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MacDonald, Robert A.

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available In Castile the movement in favor of vernacularization became manifest in law, literature, and historiography during the thirteenth century. In the royal chancery the change occurred during the second quarter of the century. The principal agents were the vicechancellors and certain scribes, notably those from Segovia. Written Romance was first recognized as a language separate from Latin, rather than as a deformation or variety of it, no later than the first decade of the thirteenth century. Its use was generalized in the chancery after the middle of the 1240s in a process completed by mid-century.[fr] En Castille le mouvement de vernacularisation s'est manifesté en loi, en littérature, et en historiographie au cours du treizième siècle. Dans la chancellerie royale, ce changement s'est produit pendant le deuxième quart du siècle. Les agents principaux en étaient les vice-chanceliers et certains scribes, surtout ceux de Ségovie. La langue romane écrite y était reconnue comme une langue séparée du latin, plutôt qu'une déformation ou qu'une variation, dès la première décade du treizième siècle. Son emploi était généralisé après le milieu des années 1240 dans une opération accomplie avant le milieu du siècle.

  19. Pharm GKB: Acute necrosis of liver NOS [PharmGKB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available MeSH: Massive Hepatic Necrosis (D047508) SnoMedCT: Acute necrosis of liver NOS (197273006) UMLS: C0001364 (C...000011090) Common Searches Search Medline Plus Search CTD Pharm GKB: Acute necrosis of liver NOS ...

  20. ¿Las emociones nos distraen?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Pilar Pacheco-Unguetti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available ¿Leerás este artículo hasta el final sin interrupciones? Puede que, mientras lo intentas, recibas algún mensaje de whatsapp, se abra una ventana emergente en tu ordenador con una oferta de viajes al Caribe o el cartero llame dos veces a tu puerta. También puede ser que simplemente no tengas un buen día y te resulte especialmente difícil concentrarte. Vivimos expuestos a multitud de estímulos distractores externos, algunos tan inesperados o extraños que entorpecen irremediablemente nuestra concentración en una tarea (distracción por novedad. Pero la distracción también puede tener una causa interna y cómo nos sentimos puede influir en cuánto nos distraemos.

  1. Renal nerves and nNOS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kompanowska-Jezierska, Elzbieta; Wolff, Helle; Kuczeriszka, Marta

    2008-01-01

    It was hypothesized that renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) are involved in the acute inhibition of renin secretion and the natriuresis following slow NaCl loading (NaLoad) and that RSNA participates in the regulation of arterial blood pressure (MABP......). This was tested by NaLoad after chronic renal denervation with and without inhibition of nNOS by S-methyl-thiocitrulline (SMTC). In addition, the acute effects of renal denervation on MABP and sodium balance were assessed. Rats were investigated in the conscious, catheterized state, in metabolic cages...... of acutely and chronically denervated rats were less than control (15% and 9%, respectively, P renal denervation (14.5 +/- 0.2 vs. 19.3 +/- 1.3 mIU/l, P

  2. ¿Comer carne nos hizo inteligentes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Marmelada

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La inteligencia abstracta es lo que más nos diferencia de los restantes animales. Su origen continúa siendo un misterio sujeto a debate. Hay quienes afirman que emergió paulatinamente. En este sentido se ha propuesto que incorporar la carne a la dieta de los homínidos pudo haber sido el detonante que la hizo surgir. Pero esta hipótesis tiene sus lagunas.

  3. Ética e estética em dois romances polifônicos: Uma certa paz e A caixa preta, de Amós Oz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Waldman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Publicado originalmente em Israel, 1982, Menuhá Nehoná, e lançado no Brasil apenas em 2010 com o título Uma certa paz, o livro do consagrado escritor Amós Oz concentra-se no intervalo entre os anos 1965 e 1967, período imediatamente anterior à Guerra dos Seis Dias, que transformou o Estado de Israel de maneira radical. Foi depois dessa guerra que Israel desenvolveu a ambição pelos territórios ocupados e começou a utilizar a força militar como meio de conquistá‑los. A violência e o confronto das personagens entre si e com a sociedade propiciam questionamentos éticos que extrapolam o plano temático, marcando presença em estratégias de construção do romance, que culminam na polifonia, que transparece mais bem elaborada e de forma radical em outro romance de Amós Oz, A caixa preta

  4. A mulher proletária e o desenvolvimento da individualidade para-si no romance “Mãe” de Máximo Gorki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilsa Miranda de Souza

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata de análise do romance Mãe de Máximo Gorki a partir da categoria marxista Individualidade para-si aplicada por Duarte (1993. A individualidade para-si é entendida como uma concepção histórico-social da individualidade humana que se fundamenta na relação objetivação/apropriação e entre alienação/humanização que coloca o ser humano como um constante “vir a ser”, como síntese do particular e das objetivações genéricas para-si construídas nas relações sociais de produção. A análise centra-se no desenvolvimento da individualidade da mulher proletária, principal personagem do romance, forjada na luta revolucionaria dos socialistas russos no inicio do século XX.

  5. 莎士比亚传奇剧研究述评%A Review of Studies on Shakespeare's Romance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成立

    2012-01-01

    莎士比亚传奇剧的研究状况与“莎学热”本身形成了一种鲜明的反差。就目前国内外对莎士比亚传奇剧的研究现状看,虽然有不少学者对其进行了探索,也取得了一定的成果,但与莎士比亚整体研究相比而言,仍很不相称。因此,用全新的眼光,从不同的角度用多种方法对其作全面、深入、系统地分析研究,仍十分必要,也很有意义。%Shakespeare's researches sharply contrast with "Shakespeare heat". Compared with all aspects of studies on Shakespeare, the study on his romance seems weak although many scholars have done researches it and made some achievements. It is necessary and significant to do a comprehensive, deep and systematic research on his romance from new and different perspective in many ways.

  6. Intense, Passionate, Romantic Love: A Natural Addiction? How the Fields That Investigate Romance and Substance Abuse Can Inform Each Other.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Helen E; Xu, Xiaomeng; Aron, Arthur; Brown, Lucy L

    2016-01-01

    Individuals in the early stage of intense romantic love show many symptoms of substance and non-substance or behavioral addictions, including euphoria, craving, tolerance, emotional and physical dependence, withdrawal and relapse. We have proposed that romantic love is a natural (and often positive) addiction that evolved from mammalian antecedents by 4 million years ago as a survival mechanism to encourage hominin pair-bonding and reproduction, seen cross-culturally today in Homo sapiens. Brain scanning studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging support this view: feelings of intense romantic love engage regions of the brain's "reward system," specifically dopamine-rich regions, including the ventral tegmental area, also activated during drug and/or behavioral addiction. Thus, because the experience of romantic love shares reward pathways with a range of substance and behavioral addictions, it may influence the drug and/or behavioral addiction response. Indeed, a study of overnight abstinent smokers has shown that feelings of intense romantic love attenuate brain activity associated with cigarette cue-reactivity. Could socially rewarding experiences be therapeutic for drug and/or behavioral addictions? We suggest that "self expanding" experiences like romance and expanding one's knowledge, experience and self-perception, may also affect drug and/or behavioral addiction behaviors. Further, because feelings of romantic love can progress into feelings of calm attachment, and because attachment engages more plastic forebrain regions, there is a rationale for therapies that may help substance and/or behavioral addiction by promoting activation of these forebrain systems through long-term, calm, positive attachments to others, including group therapies. Addiction is considered a negative (harmful) disorder that appears in a population subset; while romantic love is often a positive (as well as negative) state experienced by almost all humans. Thus, researchers

  7. Intense, Passionate Romantic Love: A natural addiction? How the fields that investigate romance and substance abuse can inform each other

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen eFisher

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Individuals in the early stage of intense romantic love show many symptoms of substance and non-substance or behavioral addictions, including euphoria, craving, tolerance, emotional and physical dependence, withdrawal and relapse. We have proposed that romantic love is a natural (and often positive addiction that evolved from mammalian antecedents by four million years ago as a survival mechanism to encourage hominin pair-bonding and reproduction, seen cross-culturally today in Homo sapiens. Brain scanning studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI support this view: feelings of intense romantic love engage regions of the brain’s reward system, specifically dopamine-rich regions, including the ventral tegmental area, also activated during drug and/or behavioral addiction. Thus, because the experience of romantic love shares reward pathways with a range of substance and behavioral addictions, it may influence the drug and/or behavioral addiction response. Indeed, a study of overnight abstinent smokers has shown that feelings of intense romantic love attenuate brain activity associated with cigarette cue-reactivity. Could socially rewarding experiences be therapeutic for drug and/or behavioral addictions? We suggest that self expanding experiences like romance and expanding one’s knowledge, experience and self-perception, may also affect drug and/or behavioral addiction behaviors. Further, because feelings of romantic love can progress into feelings of calm attachment, and because attachment engages more plastic forebrain regions, there is a rationale for therapies that may help substance and/or behavioral addiction by promoting activation of these forebrain systems through long-term, calm, positive attachments to others, including group therapies. Addiction is considered a negative (harmful disorder that appears in a population subset; while romantic love is often a positive (as well as negative state experienced by almost all

  8. Hystorização e romance: a construção do personagem no diário íntimo de adolescentes Hystorization and novel: the construction of the character in the adolescents' intimate diaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nádia Laguárdia de Lima

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se investigar a função da escrita de diários íntimos por adolescentes. Defende-se a hipótese de que o romance é o paradigma do diário íntimo. Utilizando os conceitos de Lacan de hystorização e romance, buscamos fazer uma aproximação entre a escrita de um diário íntimo e a construção de um romance. O romance leva à produção de um personagem como o principal protagonista da história. Dessa forma, promove-se uma mudança na posição do sujeito, que deixa de ser determinado pela história para ler essa determinação. A escrita de um romance familiar pode operar na construção do sintoma adolescente.The purpose of this work is to investigate the role of personal diaries written by adolescents. We sustain the hypothesis that intimate diaries have the novel as their paradigm. Using Lacan's concepts of hystorization and novel, we try to make an approach between the writing of an intimate diary and the construction of a novel, in which the production of a character is the main protagonist of the story. In this way, a change on the subject's position is promoted so that, rather than being determined by story, this subject is able to read his historical determination. The writing of a family novel can operate in the construction of the adolescent symptom.

  9. Discussion on the Translatability of Libretto of Yueju Opera Romance of The Western Bower in Cultural Perspective%文化视阈下越剧《西厢记》唱词的可译性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林奕佳

    2014-01-01

    王实甫的《西厢记》是元剧中最杰出的剧作,后来被改编成越剧、京剧、电影、电视剧等各种艺术形式,走上荧屏。国内外翻译家也对《西厢记》的文学读本进行了许多英译研究,而对《西厢记》其他艺术形式的唱词英译研究却相对较少。该文借鉴许渊冲先生的英译本,以越剧《西厢记》的唱词曲调为模板,探讨在保持唱词旋律不变的前提下,越剧《西厢记》唱词的可译性与不可译性问题,并总结解决问题的策略。%Romance of The Western Bower, written by Wang Shifu, is the most excellent drama among Yuan dramas, and has been adapted into various art forms such as Yueju Opera, Beijing Opera, movies, teleplays, etc. Although there have been a lot of stud-ies on the translation of the literary text of Romance of The Western Bower among national and international translators, the studies on the translation of other art forms of Romance of The Western Bower are relatively insufficient. Using the translation of Xu Yuan-chong for reference, based on the melody of Yueju Opera Romance of The Western Bower, this thesis is to discuss the translatability of libretto of Romance of The Western Bower under the condition that the melody of libretto won’t change, and summarize the strategies used in translation.

  10. The Conflict Argument of "Desire"between Tang Romance Studies and Taoism%唐代传奇文学与道教关于“人欲”的冲突

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔明明

    2014-01-01

    Tang Romance Novels are symbolized the maturity of Chinese classical novels .As the wide-spread of Taoist culture ,Tang Romance absorbed Taoist culture .And on the one hand they also make full use of their advantages to present Taoism ,by showing people their unique life that lived in Tang Dynasty . Taoism ,as an indigenous religion ,its theory combined with Tang romance stories ,too .With the help of the tang literary genre ,it is easy to understand the Taoist esoteric knowledge and conception .Even Tang romance stories and Taoism have multiple relationships ,they still have conflict about "Desire":Taoism has thought of abstinence ,while in the literature of Tang romance stories it has more humanity and inspi-rations .%唐传奇是中国文言小说成熟的标志。作为道教文化的宣传者,唐传奇吸收道教的文化底蕴,一方面充分运用自身的优势阐释道教思想,另一方面展现了自身的独特生机。道教作为本土宗教,其理论与唐传奇紧密结合,道家深奥的学问借助唐传奇的文学体裁得以通俗易懂地展现。唐传奇与道教有着多重关系,除了互利的方面外,道教具有禁欲思想,而作为文学,唐传奇具有人文情怀和启迪作用,二者在宣传“人欲”方面存在冲突。

  11. Mito da guerra nos Estados Unidos

    OpenAIRE

    Spini, Ana Paula; UFU

    2011-01-01

    Este artigo tem como objetivo compreender aspectos do mito da guerra nos Estados Unidos, em uma abordagem que prioriza as dissensões internas acerca da legitimidade de uma guerra e os dispositivos midiáticos de criação do consenso nacional. Procura-se, assim, demonstrar que o mito da guerra é constantemente reformulado à luz da conjuntura internacional, da prática da guerra, da propaganda e da resistência interna às intervenções militares. Palavras-Chave: Guerra; Estados Unidos; Mídia....

  12. O riso nos desenhos do cartunista Lage

    OpenAIRE

    Cabral, Alexandre da Costa

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho trata as Caricaturas de Hélio Roberto Lage sob análise Semiótica da corrente gremasiana das tiras de humor Ânsia de Amar e suas características gerais; e também nas charges, desvelando o sentido das piadas nas ilustrações. Objetivando a compreensão deste tema foram perscrutadas as categorias que envolveram o objeto de produção do caricaturista estudado. Essas categorias envolvem a história e os conceitos das vertentes da Caricatura, os fatores de motivação para o riso nos desenh...

  13. Lesão muscular nos atletas

    OpenAIRE

    Barroso,Guilherme Campos; Thiele,Edilson Schwansee

    2011-01-01

    Este artigo tem por objetivo demonstrar a fisiologia, o diagnóstico e o tratamento das lesões musculares com foque nos atletas, suas demandas e expectativas. As lesões musculares estão entre as queixas mais comuns no atendimento ortopédico, ocorrendo tanto em atletas como em não atletas. Estas lesões caracterizam um desafio para os especialistas, haja vista a lenta recuperação que afasta o atleta dos treinamentos e competições, as frequentes sequelas e a recorrência das lesões. A maior parte ...

  14. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the NOS2 and NOS3 genes are associated with exhaled nitric oxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahgam, Santosh; Nyberg, Fredrik; Modig, Lars; Naluai, Asa Torinsson; Olin, Anna-Carin

    2012-03-01

    Polymorphisms in nitric oxide synthase genes (NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3) have been suggested to have a major impact on fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), a biomarker of airway inflammation. However, the genetic contribution of NOS polymorphisms to FENO is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate comprehensively the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in all three NOS genes and FENO in an adult population, and to assess whether such associations are modified by asthma or atopy. In 1737 adults from a Swedish general population sample, FENO was measured and genetic variation in the NOS genes was assessed using 49 SNPs. The genetic effect of NOS polymorphisms on FENO, asthma, and atopy was estimated using multiple regression methods. In a multi-SNP model based on stepwise regression analysis, two SNPs in NOS2 and one in NOS3 showed independent associations with levels of FENO. For NOS2 SNP rs9901734, subjects had 5.3% (95% CI 1.0% to 9.7%) higher levels of FENO per G allele, and for rs3729508, subjects with CC or CT genotypes had 9.4% (95% CI 3.1% to 15.2%) higher levels compared with TT. For NOS3 SNP rs7830, subjects with GT or TT had 5.6% (95% CI 0.4% to 11.1%) higher levels than GG; the genetic effect of this SNP was stronger in asthmatics (21.9%, 95% CI 4.6% to 42.0%). These results suggest that NOS2 is the major NOS gene determining variability in exhaled nitric oxide in the healthy adult population, while NOS3 may play a more important role in asthmatic adults.

  15. A nova mulher e a transformação do romance português: revoluções sociais e literárias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela Kirst de Lima Girola

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este ensaio investiga o espaço da mulher na sociedade patriarcal portuguesa em romances publicados na segunda metade do século XX: A Sibila (1954, de Agustina Bessa-Luís; O Anjo Ancorado (1958, de José Cardoso Pires; Casas Pardas (1977, de Maria Velho da Costa; História do Cerco de Lisboa (1989, de José Saramago e Não entres tão depressa nessa noite escura (2000, de António Lobo Antunes. Procuramos demonstrar como o romance, a partir da década de 50, em Portugal, passa a constituirse num espaço de discussão e reflexão acerca da nova mulher que se engendra social e literariamente. Tencionamos abordar o percurso de uma nova representação da mulher na literatura, relacionando-o às transformações da sociedade patriarcal e às mudanças estéticas do próprio gênero romanesco.Palavras-chave: Literatura portuguesa; romance da segunda metade do século XX; personagem feminina. Abstract: This essay investigates the space of women in the Portuguese patriarchal society in novels published in the second half of twentieth century: A Sibila (1954, by Agustina Bessa-Luís; O Anjo Ancorado (1958, by José Cardoso Pires; Casas Pardas (1977, by Maria Velho da Costa; História do Cerco de Lisboa (1989, by José Saramago and Não entres tão depressa nessa noite escura (2000, by António Lobo Antunes. It aims to show how the novel, since 1950’s, in Portugal, become a space for discussion about the new woman in the society and in the literature. This essay demonstrate the trajectory of a innovative form of woman’s representation in literature, connecting with social transformations and aesthetic changes in the novel genre.Keywords: Portuguese literature; twentieth century novel; feminine character.

  16. MATERIAL CULTURE OBJECTS IN THE EPICS OF DEDE KORKUT AND ÂŞIK GARIP FOLK ROMANCE / DEDE KORKUT HİKÂYELERİ VE ÂŞIK GARİP HİKÂYESİ’NDE YER ALAN MADDİ KÜLTÜR ÜRÜNLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Süheyla SARITAŞ

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that the epic of Dede Korkut is one of the most popular Turkish folklore topics studied by Turkish folklorists. The book itself, which consists of twelve narratives, is considered as a bridge between the epic and the folk romance tradition, one of the most important cultural heritages of the Turks. Moreover, it contains spiritual and material cultural objects, important for the social and cultural life of the Turks. Similarly, a scholar comes across material cultural objects belonging to the Turkish culture in folk romances, created after the epic of Dede Korkut. In this article, in order to emphasize the changes in the social and cultural Turkish lives, I will be investigating the material cultural objects comparatively in the Book of Dede Korkut and Âşık Garip, a well-known folk romance which has an important place in the Turkish folk romance tradition.

  17. A Representação do Cenário no Novo Romance Histórico Brasileiro ‒ Uma Leitura dos Romances A República dos Bugres e Conspiração Barroca, de Ruy Reis Tapioca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Mello Oliveira

    2016-07-01

    O presente artigo averigua como o cenário histórico é representado nesses romances, identificando a forma e o conteúdo trabalhado, por meio do recorte das descrições narrativas. De modo a fundamentar a nossa reflexão recorremos aos contributos de: Lowenthal (1998, Bury (2006, Pons, (1996, White, (1992, entre outros. Por último, a contribuição deste artigo visa expandir o olhar estético para esse assunto tão instigante e ainda não devidamente explorado pelo meio acadêmico.

  18. 才子佳人小说在越南的传播与影响%Spread and Influence of Romances in Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婷婷

    2015-01-01

    明末清初的时代背景造就了才子佳人小说的流行,在向外传播的过程中对越南本地的文化和文学造成了深远的影响.本文就才子佳人小说在越南的传播途径及对越南文学产生的巨大影响进行论述,以期对中越文学文化交流与互动的研究作出一点贡献.%Ming and Qing background created a popular Romantic novel, in the course of the outward propagation of local Vietnamese culture and literature had a profound impact. This paper discussed on Romances transmission in Vietnam and a tremendous impact on Vietnamese literature with a view to study the literature on cultural exchange and interaction to make some contribution.

  19. O diálogo entre a ópera e o romance Ópera dos Mortos, de Autran Dourado

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Gama Bezerra

    2008-01-01

    A presente dissertação tem como objetivo analisar o diálogo estabelecido entre o romance Ópera dos mortos, do escritor mineiro Autran Dourado, e o gênero musical a que o título da obra faz referência, bem como suas implicações na construção dos sentidos. Tal escolha justifica-se na medida em que entendemos que examinar as relações instituídas entre esse texto literário e outro sistema semiótico é caminho, dentre as várias possibilidades de leitura, para o conhecimento da complexidade do refer...

  20. Romance: procedimentos metalinguísticos e a relação entre linguagens na ficção de Guel Arraes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afonso Manoel da Silva Barbosa

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar aspectos do filme Romance, dirigido por Guel Arraes, investigando no longa-metragem a presença de elementos de produção de sentido como a metalinguagem, a opção pelo cômico e como este se configura, bem como os traços de filiação pós-moderna presentes no texto fílmico, examinando ainda seus processos dialógicos. Buscamos observar também as relações estabelecidas entre mídias e o entrecruzar de linguagens artísticas propostos pela obra. Paralelamente a isso, procuramos abordar o contexto social e comunicacional de produção e as peculiaridades autorais que o diretor expressa nas representações do real.

  1. Deadly Girls' Voices, Suspense, and the "Aesthetics of Fear" in Joyce Carol Oates's "The Banshee" and "Doll: A Romance of the Mississippi"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Antolin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on deadly girls’ voices in "The Banshee" and "Doll: A Romance of the Mississippi," two short stories taken from Joyce Carol Oates’s collection The Female of the Species, subtitled Tales of Mystery and Suspense. It shows that children are used as leading and focal characters not only to increase suspense but also to manipulate the readers’ traditional sets of ethical, semantic and literary references. Oates resorts to her favourite “aesthetics of fear” for it is a powerful means of putting horror and abjection at a distance, and it is associated with the question of meaning—"meaning is what we fear most of losing," she says. Thus she involves her readers in complex interpretations of her hybrid tales—one drawing from the Gothic, the other from the grotesque—and thereby leads them to a better understanding of themselves and their humanity.

  2. Cervantes, The Sot-Weed Factor. The “Wild Writing” of John Barth, Contemporary Review of the Cervantinian Narrative Models: Romance, Novella, (Proto Essay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Encarnación Pérez Abellán

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available By “wild writing” Cervantes understands the disharmonious composition of chivalric romance by the incongruous sequencing of its constituent elements. However, he also proposes a positive reading of the expression whenever the theme compositional heterogeneity brings together the principle of unity and coherence. The Quixote himself exemplifies the “wild writing” integrating formally the Italianate novella, short stories and an embryonic essay in order to become the new genre: the novel. Don Quixote is the starting point of The Sot-Weed Factor (John Barth 1960, as well as it is uniquely amalgamate the three narratives submodalities, as a conscious tribute to Cervantes, already installed Barth in postmodern novel.

  3. A desintegração do sistema patriarcal expressa pela crise no romance burguês = The disintegration of patriarchal system expressed by the bourgeois novel's crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Pimenta Attie

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A Era Moderna é marcada por uma grande revolução na estrutura econômica, política e social, principalmente devido ao surgimento da burguesia. Esta traz o romance burguês como uma nova maneira de expressar seus desejos e conflitos. Neste artigo será discutido o sistema patriarcal, item estrutural no âmbito do pensamento burguês. O foco estará na sua paulatina dissolução, que corresponde a um dos sinais da crise do romance burguês, no plano literário – lembrando que a palavra crise também pode ser entendida como transformação. Para ilustrar essa revolução literária, em grande parte empreendida pelas mulheres, será analisado o romance To The Lighthouse, da inglesa Virginia Woolf. Nesse romance, em que aparentemente nada de importante acontece, a narrativa está marcada pelo fluxo de consciência, com predominância do monólogo interior indireto, tempo psicológico e uso de intertextualidade, o que permite uma nova forma de construção do sentido, fundamentado na dicotomia entre vida e morte. A desintegração da estrutura patriarcal será vista a partir da relação de poder entre o ‘chefe de família’ e sua esposa. Para realizar esse percurso será feita também uma reflexão sobre a condição da mulher enquanto artista.The Modern Era is marked by a great revolution in the economic, political and social structure, mainly on account of the sprouting of bourgeoisie, which brings the Bourgeois Novel as a new way to express their feelings and conflicts. In this article, one of the bourgeois characteristics, the patriarchal system, will be discussed. However, the focus will be on its dissolution, which is one evidence of the bourgeois novel's crisis. The word 'crisis' can also be understood as transformation. Thus, in order to illustrate this literary revolution undertaken by women, this article analyses To The Lighthouse, by Virginia Woolf. In this novel, it seems that nothing important happens. However the Stream of

  4. «Parque Industrial»: influxos feministas no romance proletário de Patrícia Galvão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anselmo Peres Alós

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente artigo tem por objetivo traçar o perfil de Patrícia Galvão, a Pagu, resgatando-a do esquecimento a que foi relegada dentro dos estudos de literatura brasileira. Primeiramente, é estabelecido um quadro do que foi a participação de Pagu na vida política e cultural do Brasil entre as décadas de 1930 (quando publica seu primeiro romance e 1960 (quando Patrícia Galvão faleceu. Na segunda parte, faz-se uma apreciação do romance Parque Industrial, publicado em 1933, dando particular atenção à maneira pela qual a autora tece suas considerações acerca da condição das mulheres proletárias na São Paulo de seu tempo.Palavras-chave: Crítica feminista; literatura brasileira; Patrícia Galvão (Pagu.Abstract: In questo articolo ci si propone disegnare il profilo di Patrícia Galvão, chiamata Pagu, per salvarla dall’oblio a cui è stata relegata negli studi di letteratura brasiliana. In primo luogo si tratta della partecipazione di Pagu alla vita politica e culturale del Brasile compresa tra gli anni ‘30 (quando ha pubblicato il primo romanzo e ‘60 (quando è deceduta. Nella seconda parte si valuta il romanzo Parque Industrial, pubblicato nel 1933, con enfasi al modo in cui l’autrice fa alcune considerazioni sulla situazione a São Paulo delle donne proletarie a lei contemporanee.Parole chiave: La critica femminista; letteratura brasiliana; Patrícia Galvão (Pagu.Keywords: Feminist criticism; Brazilian literature; Patrícia Galvão (Pagu.

  5. 青少年的婚恋价值观及其影响因素分析%The values and attitudes towards romance and marriage among adolescents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廉启国; 左霞云; 楼超华

    2014-01-01

    观念、性道德及性行为等信息。结果:大部分调查对象未婚(96%),约15%的青少年有婚前性行为史,且男性(18%)比例高于女性(13%)。此外,女性、低年龄段、未婚、偏好传统文化、未发生婚前性行为的青少年认为自己(将来)的配偶保持婚前忠贞重要的比例较高,均有统计学差异。结论:青少年对异性的贞操观在改变,女性的地位越来越高,并催生了“处男情结”,与“处女情结”对峙。%Objectives:To evaluate the values and attitudes towards romance and marriage among adolescents, and to provide basic information on better sex education among them.Methods:6299 adolescents aged between 15 and 24 from urban and rural areas in Shanghai were investigated anonymously with the technology of computer assisted self -in-terview (CASI).Results:Most of the respondents were single (96%)and few (15%)had premarital sex (males, 18%;females,13%).Besides,the people who were females,younger age group,single and preferred to western cul-tures and hadn’t had premarital sex had more severe virgin complex on their partners,with statistically significant differ-ence.Conclusion:The values and attitudes towards romance and marriage among adolescents are changing.The status of women is higher and many of them also have virgin complex on their male partners.

  6. 毛奇龄批本《西厢记》新探%A New Study on Romance of West Chamber Commented by Mao Qiling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李克

    2014-01-01

    Mao Qiling was a outstanding Confucian scholar in the early Qing dynasty .The Romance of West Chamber commented by Mao Qiling is a comprehensive version of the drama with explanation and proof after Wang Jide and Ling Mengchu .Mao Qiling ’ s commentary is as rigorous as archaeological studies of Confucian classics ,while showing an addiction to the song style and rhyme of drama .Meanwhile , with some understanding in the ex-planation and proof , his commentary shows a litter feature of appreciation , which deepening the commentary on the Romance of West Chamber.%明末清初是中国古典戏曲评点的鼎盛期,涌现了一批戏曲评点大师,如王骥德、凌濛初、孟称舜、金圣叹、毛纶、毛奇龄,等等。毛奇龄以清初大儒的身份批点《西厢记》,使毛批本《西厢记》成为继王骥德、凌濛初以来《西厢记》“解证式评点”的集大成者,他的批点既有经学考古式的严谨,又展示了偏嗜曲体曲韵之学的风格特色。而毛奇龄在解证中时有会意,又赋予毛批本《西厢记》“鉴赏型”评点的些许特色,进一步推动了《西厢记》评点批评走向深入。

  7. A perspectiva do gênero nos estudos da masculinidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Dieterich

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A investigação deste artigo concentra-se em observar a perspectiva do gênero masculino na personagem Orlando, da obra de Virginia Woolf, escritora modernista inglesa. Na obra Orlando, passa por um processo transitório de mudança de sexo, ou seja, a narrativa começa com um jovem inglês bem nascido que após ter vivido várias paixões e crises pessoais transforma-se em mulher. Logo após essa transformação fantástica, muitas questões chamam atenção para a mudança de papel e, portanto de comportamento de gêneros, enfocando a maneira como os homens são contextualizados no meio social. Palavras-chave: literatura inglesa; romance; personagem; gênero.

  8. 拟神的俗身:希腊小说中个体的存在形式%Secular Being of Personifying Divinity:The Existential Form of the Individual in the Greek Romance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓蕾

    2013-01-01

    The narrative meta-contradiction in the Greek Romance is “individual-destiny”, which is also composed of in the Greek epic and tragedy.However, compared with that of the epic and tragedy, the Greek Romance does not have a complete or relatively distinct “cause and effect” narrative form.Besides, the individual existential form in the Greek Romance, which means “static and perfect”, is also quite different from that in the epic and tragedy.From the Greek mythology, epic, tragedy to the Greek Romance, the destiny is no longer representational, but becomes entirely “abstract”.The complete abstraction of the existential form of the destiny is the root of the narrative, which goes against“cause and effect” in the Greek Romance.The“static and perfect” heroes of the Greek Romance are the personified form of the destiny.%“希腊小说”与史诗和悲剧具有共同的叙事元矛盾:“个体-命运”,但其叙事却不具有后两者完整或相对完整的因果形式;小说中个体、主人公“静止/完美”的时间和道德形式,亦与史诗、悲剧中的个体存在形式迥异。从神话、史诗、悲剧至小说,命运的存在形式,由具象的变为了完全抽象的。“希腊小说”非因果的叙事形式,根自于命运存在形式的彻底抽象化;尽善、且非时间性的小说主人公,是抽象的命运的拟人形式。

  9. Expression of zebrafish nos2b surrounds oral cavity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Kar-Lai; Richardson, Michael; Korzh, Vladimir

    2008-06-01

    Inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) catalyzes the production of nitric oxide (NO), and is one of the factors establishing innate immunity. In zebrafish, Nos2 is represented by nos2a and nos2b. Here, we report the cloning and expression pattern of the zebrafish nos2b gene, which does not seem to participate in induced immune response. nos2b was mapped to zebrafish linkage group 15. The spatial and temporal expression pattern of nos2b in embryonic zebrafish was analyzed by whole-mount in situ hybridization. nos2b is expressed constitutively in two primordia located along the ventral midline. The first group of cells contributes to the neurohypophysis. Initially at the level of the ventral hindbrain, the second group of cells migrates closely with the thyroid primordium to its final position at the basihyal by 3 dpf. Thus, the analysis of expression pattern of nos2b reveals complex morphogenetic movements resulting in its expression surrounding the oral cavity.

  10. The Relationship Between Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene (NOS3) Polymorphisms, NOS3 Expression, and Varicocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahraman, Cigdem Yuce; Tasdemir, Sener; Sahin, Ibrahim; Marzioglu Ozdemir, Ebru; Yaralı, Oguzhan; Ziypak, Tevfik; Adanur, Senol; Kahraman, Mustafa; Tatar, Abdulgani

    2016-04-01

    Varicocele is an abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum. Varicocele is the most common cause of secondary male infertility. Nitric oxide (NO), which has a role on varicocele pathophysiology, is synthesized by endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS3). In our study, we aimed to explain the relationship between varicocele, three common NOS3 polymorphisms (T-786C, G894T, 4b/a), and NOS3 mRNA expression levels. We investigated NOS3 T-786C, G894T, and 4b/a polymorphisms in 102 patients with varicocele and 100 healthy controls. Twenty-four patients and 17 controls were chosen for expression studies based on polymorphism subgroupings. Subgroup 1 includes patients who have no minor allele polymorphisms, and subgroups 2, 3, and 4 have T-786C, G894T, and 4b/a polymorphisms, respectively. The 4b/a polymorphism demonstrated significantly elevated levels in both allele and genotype analysis in the control group compared to the patient group. The G894T polymorphism was statistically elevated for genotypic frequencies in the patient group compared to the control group, but this finding did not extend to allelic frequencies. There were no statistically significant differences in either the allelic or genotypic frequencies between patients and control groups for the T-786C polymorphism. When patient and control expression levels were compared without considering the subgroups, the NOS3 expression level was found to be statistically higher in the patient group. There were no statistically significant differences in the patient and control group expression levels when stratified by subgroup, nor was there any effect of the polymorphisms under study on expression levels. The 4b/a polymorphism may have a protective effect for varicocelem and G894T polymorphism may contribute to varicocele occurrence by lowering the level of NO. The higher NOS3 expression levels in the patient group may be a kind of dilator compensatory mechanism to protect vascular

  11. COMPOSTAGEM DE DEJETOS DE SUÍNOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gonçalves Xavier

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A compostagem, como forma de tratamento para os dejetos de suínos, pode ser uma alternativa viável para gerenciar osefluentes desta importante atividade agropecuária. Deste modo, foi conduzido um estudo em condições de campo em 16 granjas deprodutores de suínos, no sistema de integração com a Perdigão Agroindustrial S/A Regional RS no Sistema Vertical Terminador(SVT, onde os produtores recebem os animais na saída da creche e realizam as fases de crescimento e terminação. Odelineamento experimental utilizado foi o completamente casualizado, com os seguintes tratamentos: Tratamento 1-substratocomposto por serragem, Tratamento 2-substrato composto por maravalha, Tratamento 3-substrato composto por cama de aviário eTratamento 4-Sistema convencional de tratamento de dejetos. Os tratamentos foram distribuídos às unidades experimentais(granjas de maneira aleatória, onde cada tratamento teve quatro repetições. Foram analisadas as variáveis meteorológicas,temperatura do processo de compostagem, volume de dejetos produzidos e análise físico-química do composto e dos dejetoslíquidos. Os dados coletados foram submetidos à análise com o uso de um programa estatístico, sendo que as médias dostratamentos foram comparadas através do uso de contrastes ortogonais. Houve efeito de tratamento para as variáveis volume ematéria seca dos dejetos. Conclui-se que o sistema muda as características físicas dos dejetos, reduz o volume e concentranutrientes.

  12. iNOS-dependent sweating and eNOS-dependent cutaneous vasodilation are evident in younger adults, but are diminished in older adults exercising in the heat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Naoto; Meade, Robert D; Alexander, Lacy M; Akbari, Pegah; Foudil-Bey, Imane; Louie, Jeffrey C; Boulay, Pierre; Kenny, Glen P

    2016-02-01

    Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) contributes to sweating and cutaneous vasodilation during exercise in younger adults. We hypothesized that endothelial NOS (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS) mediate NOS-dependent sweating, whereas eNOS induces NOS-dependent cutaneous vasodilation in younger adults exercising in the heat. Further, aging may upregulate inducible NOS (iNOS), which may attenuate sweating and cutaneous vasodilator responses. We hypothesized that iNOS inhibition would augment sweating and cutaneous vasodilation in exercising older adults. Physically active younger (n = 12, 23 ± 4 yr) and older (n = 12, 60 ± 6 yr) adults performed two 30-min bouts of cycling at a fixed rate of metabolic heat production (400 W) in the heat (35°C). Sweat rate and cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) were evaluated at four intradermal microdialysis sites with: 1) lactated Ringer (control), 2) nNOS inhibitor (nNOS-I, NPLA), 3) iNOS inhibitor (iNOS-I, 1400W), or 4) eNOS inhibitor (eNOS-I, LNAA). In younger adults during both exercise bouts, all inhibitors decreased sweating relative to control, albeit a lower sweat rate was observed at iNOS-I compared with eNOS-I and nNOS-I sites (all P 0.05). We show that iNOS and eNOS are the main contributors to NOS-dependent sweating and cutaneous vasodilation, respectively, in physically active younger adults exercising in the heat, and that iNOS inhibition does not alter sweating or cutaneous vasodilation in exercising physically active older adults.

  13. Hacía una efectiva resocialización, promoción y aplicación de los Derechos Humanos de los reclusos en México/Towards an effective resocialization, promotion and implementation of the human rights of prisoners in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Zaragoza Huerta

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Las prisiones mexicanas, así como las opiniones esgrimadas por los estudiosos de esta asignatura, nos llevan a concluir que, actualmente la pena privativa sucumbe ante una serie de adversidades que paulatinamente, vienen incrementando y que, inciden en el virtual fracaso carcelario. Podemos destacar entre otros factores negativos: A la sobrepoblacion, B la violencia, C los motines, D la corrupción, E la opinión ciudadana. Paralelamente, existen otras causas (jurídicas: A la ausencia de una normativa garantista, y B la ausencia de institutos jurídicos.

  14. Intertwining romance and finance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxlund, Bjarke

    Litteratur om kærlighed og sex i Sydafrika har ofte modstillet såkaldt transaktionel sex med en normativ forestilling om ren kærlighed, som formodes at være uafhængig af socio-økonomiske interesser eller lyster og drifter. Baseret på etnografisk feltarbejde på Turfloop Campus ved Limpopo Universi...

  15. Forswearing Romance for Sport

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    On January 23, 2004, Cai Zhen-hua, head coach of China NationalTable Tennis Team and deputy direc-tor of the SGAS Table Tennis andBadminton Administrative Center,announced that four athletes were tobe dropped from his team. This wasbig news. Their misdemeanor? Datingtheir fellow team members.

  16. "Three Kingdoms" to Romance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Yu; Jian Wang; Fuchu He; Huanming Yang

    2003-01-01

    @@ For some historic reasons, our new journal is named "Genomics, Pro teomics & Bioinformatics", or as we have nicknamed it in short the Journal of GPB. A growing number of "-ome" and "-omics" have appeared in many diverse fields of biology, especially in the recent years under profound influences of the Human Genome Project and many other genome projects completed or in progress. We had almost attempted to re-name this journal "Ever-more-omics" to include all the new comers. However, after a second thought, we have decided to entertain these "Three Kingdoms" first while we are keeping an eye on others.

  17. Glia and romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Joel D

    2008-01-01

    Drosophila courtship is a complex behavior. A new study shows that glia modulate neurotransmission to influence male preference, but the authors should have resisted the temptation to describe their results in tabloid language.

  18. O incompreensível ruído que nos persuade: imagens do passado e da mídia no romance contemporâneo 'Corazón tan blanco'.

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Sandra Maria

    2005-01-01

    A dicotomia arte elevada e arte popular industrial foi, em grande parte, o elemento que opôs os movimentos modernista e pós-modernista no século XX. Se o modernismo caracterizou-se por se posicionar politicamente contra a cultura de massa, vista como representativa do capitalismo burguês, o pós-modernismo apresenta-se numa relação mais flexível com a indústria de massa. A arte contemporânea mistura elementos provenientes da indústria cultural serializada com textos da herança clássica ocident...

  19. Regulation of eNOS-derived superoxide by endogenous methylarginines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druhan, Lawrence J; Forbes, Scott P; Pope, Arthur J; Chen, Chun-An; Zweier, Jay L; Cardounel, Arturo J

    2008-07-08

    The endogenous methylarginines, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and N (G)-monomethyl- l-arginine (L-NMMA) regulate nitric oxide (NO) production from endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Under conditions of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH 4) depletion eNOS also generates (*)O 2 (-); however, the effects of methylarginines on eNOS-derived (*)O 2 (-) generation are poorly understood. Therefore, using electron paramagnetic resonance spin trapping techniques we measured the dose-dependent effects of ADMA and L-NMMA on (*)O 2 (-) production from eNOS under conditions of BH 4 depletion. In the absence of BH 4, ADMA dose-dependently increased NOS-derived (*)O 2 (-) generation, with a maximal increase of 151% at 100 microM ADMA. L-NMMA also dose-dependently increased NOS-derived (*)O 2 (-), but to a lesser extent, demonstrating a 102% increase at 100 microM L-NMMA. Moreover, the native substrate l-arginine also increased eNOS-derived (*)O 2 (-), exhibiting a similar degree of enhancement as that observed with ADMA. Measurements of NADPH consumption from eNOS demonstrated that binding of either l-arginine or methylarginines increased the rate of NADPH oxidation. Spectrophotometric studies suggest, just as for l-arginine and L-NMMA, the binding of ADMA shifts the eNOS heme to the high-spin state, indicative of a more positive heme redox potential, enabling enhanced electron transfer from the reductase to the oxygenase site. These results demonstrate that the methylarginines can profoundly shift the balance of NO and (*)O 2 (-) generation from eNOS. These observations have important implications with regard to the therapeutic use of l-arginine and the methylarginine-NOS inhibitors in the treatment of disease.

  20. O romance e as origens dos Direitos Humanos: interseções entre história, psicologia e literatura The novel and the origins of Human Rights: the intersection of history, psychology and literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn Hunt

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde seu aparecimento, em meados do século XVIII, até o momento atual, quando se tornaram ubíquos nos discursos políticos nacionais, os Direitos Humanos foram alvos de inúmeras controvérsias acerca de sua definição. Em geral, esses debates acabaram por retornar à concepção, presente em seu surgimento, de serem tais direitos evidentes por si, não havendo necessidade de se justificá-los, para além da convicção dos homens acerca de sua verdade. A crença na sua autoevid ência, e em suas características elementares (igualdade, naturalidade e universalidade, tem seu fundamento intelectual na noção de autonomia moral dos indivíduos, cara à filosofia dos séculos XVII e XVIII. Contudo, este estudo pretende demonstrar que, junto às transformações no pensamento, a emergência da idéia de Direitos Humanos decorreria tamb ém de duas mudanças sutis nas noções de corpo e identidade: a amplia ção da idéia de individualidade do corpo, que tornaria cada homem detentor de direitos sobre si; e a possibilidade de haver uma empatia imaginada entre psiques que, apesar de distintas, se percebem como integrantes de uma mesma humanidade. Propondo um modelo psicocultural para o estudo histórico da emergência dos Direitos Humanos, este trabalho analisa como um gênero literário, os romances epistolares do século XVIII, poderia ter contribuído para a formação destes direitos. Ao promoverem um envolvimento apaixonado dos leitores com o destino dos personagens, este tipo de leitura teria fomentado os processos emocionais e psicológicos necessários ao surgimento dos Direitos Humanos, e da convicção em sua auto-evidência.From their appearance in the middle of the eighteenth century to the present time, when they have become ubiquitous in national political discourses, Human Rights were the target of countless controversies about their definition. In general, these debates ended up by returning to the conception, present at their

  1. Pharm GKB: Acute cholecystitis NOS [PharmGKB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Overview Alternate Names: PharmGKB Accession Id: PA165108810 External Vocabularies MeSH: Cholecystitis, Acut...e (D041881) SnoMedCT: Acute cholecystitis NOS (197411000) UMLS: C0149520 (C0149520) MedDRA: Acute... cholecystitis (10000691) NDFRT: Cholecystitis, Acute [Disease/Finding] (N0000010952) Common Searches Search Medline Plus Search CTD Pharm GKB: Acute cholecystitis NOS ...

  2. Pharm GKB: Acute stress reaction NOS [PharmGKB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available MeSH: Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute (D040701) SnoMedCT: Acute stress reaction NOS (268657003) UMLS: C02...36816 (C0236816) MedDRA: Acute reaction to stress (10001039) NDFRT: Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute [Dise...ase/Finding] (N0000011158) Common Searches Search Medline Plus Search CTD Pharm GKB: Acute stress reaction NOS ...

  3. Face and emotion recognition in MCDD versus PDD-NOS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herba, Catherine M.; de Bruin, Esther; Althaus, Monika; Verheij, Fop; Ferdinand, Robert F.

    2008-01-01

    Previous studies indicate that Multiple Complex Developmental Disorder (MCDD) children differ from PDD-NOS and autistic children on a symptom level and on psychophysiological functioning. Children with MCDD (n = 21) and PDD-NOS (n = 62) were compared on two facets of social-cognitive functioning: id

  4. Face and Emotion Recognition in MCDD versus PDD-NOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herba, Catherine M.; de Bruin, Esther; Althaus, Monika; Verheij, Fop; Ferdinand, Robert F.

    2008-01-01

    Previous studies indicate that Multiple Complex Developmental Disorder (MCDD) children differ from PDD-NOS and autistic children on a symptom level and on psychophysiological functioning. Children with MCDD (n = 21) and PDD-NOS (n = 62) were compared on two facets of social-cognitive functioning: identification of neutral faces and facial…

  5. An Argument on Songs Spread of Romance of the Three Kingdoms in the Northern Area of Dong People%论《三国演义》在侗族北部地区的歌谣传播

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙昭宝

    2013-01-01

      成书于明代的《三国演义》在侗汉文化交流不断深化的过程中,以歌谣的形式在侗族北部地区得到了广泛传播;因语境、媒介、主体的不同,侗语生活世界中的《三国演义》在叙事方式、思想主题、故事情节等方面发生相应的变化,具有表达友情和显示才学的象征意义。《三国演义》题材侗歌深层次体现出了文化融合现象。%  Romance of the Three Kingdoms finished in Ming dynasty was widely spread in the northern area of Dong people in the form of songs in the process of deepening of cultural exchange between Dong and Han people .The narrative way ,the theme and story plots etc .of Romance of the Three Kingdoms change accordingly because of the different language situations ,media and the main body ,which have the symbol meaning of expressing friendship and showing learning .The deepening of Dong songs for Romance of the Three Kingdoms shows the phenomenon of cultural integration .

  6. Futuro do pretérito: tempo e narrativa na história, no romance, na tese

    OpenAIRE

    Renato Prelorentzou

    2015-01-01

    Esta tese de doutorado começa investigando as relações entre história e ficção nos séculos XX e XXI, com ênfase na ideia de pós-modernidade e de crise da representação. Depois da leitura de alguns romancistas contemporâneos (como W.G. Sebald, J.M Coetzee, Orhan Pamuk e Enrique Vila-Matas) e de alguns historiadores contemporâneos (especialmente Carlo Ginzburg), a pesquisa avança sobre o estudo teórico da autobiografia e da autoficção, tentando refletir sobre as implicações epistemológicas da n...

  7. Subjetividade, alteridade e desamparo nos tempos atuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Humberto Rodrigues Rocha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho vai ao encontro do que foi realizado ao longo da teoria freudiana: contextualizar o homem em sua ordem social circundante e pensar as relações que se estabelecem na configuração do laço social. O objetivo é refletir sobre as possibilidades de outras articulações metapsicológicas, que permitam compreender a relação dos dispositivos contemporâneos criados para lidar com odesamparo, e as implicações de seu uso recorrente na condição desejante.Para tanto, nos deteremos a propósito das tensões entre as três instâncias do aparelho psíquico: id, ego e superego. Analisando as relações que estruturam o laço social, conseguimos repensar proposições psicanalíticas consagradas, tais como alteridade, desejo, pulsão e seus destinos.

  8. O amor nos tempos de Narciso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabel Cristina Rios

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute a dificuldade do encontro amoroso nos tempos atuais. Parte da leitura psicanalítica sobre as origens dos modos de amar na fase do desenvolvimento psicossexual chamada narcisismo primário, na qual o eu e o outro se constroem dentro de um contexto cultural. Ao longo da vida, a identidade continua sendo modelada pela interação do eu com o mundo em que vive. Do estudo de alguns aspectos do mundo atual, desenvolve a idéia de que a cultura contemporânea apresenta valores e modelos que não sustentam as relações intersubjetivas porque estimulam o modo narcísico de subjetivação. Valores como individualismo, consumismo, culto ao corpo e à imagem, produzem comportamentos que revelam a supremacia do eu. No mundo atual, cada um está voltado para si mesmo, e o outro, como alguém diferente do eu, não é desejável. Essa posição subjetiva impede o autêntico encontro amoroso e sua sobrevivência.

  9. Using a Professional Development Program for Enhancing Chilean Biology Teachers' Understanding of Nature of Science (NOS) and Their Perceptions About Using History of Science to Teach NOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavez, José M.; Vergara, Claudia A.; Santibañez, David; Cofré, Hernán

    2016-05-01

    A number of authors have recognized the importance of understanding the nature of science (NOS) for scientific literacy. Different instructional strategies such as decontextualized, hands-on inquiry, and history of science (HOS) activities have been proposed for teaching NOS. This article seeks to understand the contribution of HOS in enhancing biology teachers' understanding of NOS, and their perceptions about using HOS to teach NOS. These teachers ( N = 8), enrolled in a professional development program in Chile are, according to the national curriculum, expected to teach NOS, but have no specific NOS and HOS training. Teachers' views of NOS were assessed using the VNOS-D+ questionnaire at the beginning and at the end of two modules about science instruction and NOS. Both the pre- and the post-test were accompanied by interviews, and in the second session we collected information about teachers' perceptions of which interventions had been more significant in changing their views on NOS. Finally, the teachers also had to prepare a lesson plan for teaching NOS that included HOS. Some of the most important study results were: significant improvements were observed in teachers' understanding of NOS, although they assigned different levels of importance to HOS in these improvements; and although the teachers improved their understanding of NOS, most had difficulties in planning lessons about NOS and articulating historical episodes that incorporated NOS. The relationship between teachers' improved understanding of NOS and their instructional NOS skills is also discussed.

  10. mRNA expression and localization of bNOS, eNOS and iNOS in human cervix at preterm and term labour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byström Birgitta

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preterm birth is the primary cause of the neonatal mortality and morbidity. There will be no preterm birth without a cervical softening. Nitric oxide (NO is shown to be a mediator of term cervical ripening. The aim of this study was to investigate mRNA expression of the three isomers of NO synthases (NOS and to identify them by immunohistochemistry in the human cervix at preterm birth compared to term. Methods The three isomers of NOS- inducible (iNOS, endothelial (eNOS and neuronal (bNOS – were investigated in the human cervix. The expression of mRNA was determined using Real-Time Multiplex RT-PCR. The localisation of synthases in the cervical tissue was analysed using immunohistochemistry. Cervical biopsies were obtained from 4 groups of women without clinical signs of infection: preterm (PTL, term labour (TL, preterm not in labour (PTnotL and term not in labour (TnotL patients. One-Way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, Student t-test or Mann-Whitney test were applied as appropriate to determine statistically significant differences among the groups. Results Patients in preterm labour had significantly (p Conclusion The mRNA levels were higher in the preterm labour group compared to the women at term labour. The significant increase of the eNOS mRNA expression, from the unripe to the favourable cervical state during labour, may indicate a role of eNOS and supports the role of NO in the cervical ripening process. All the three synthases were identified by immunohistochemistry in all the groups of study.

  11. Inflexões subalternas nos cosmopolitismos vernaculares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sneja Gunew

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O conceito sobre o termo relativamentre novo, “cosmopolitismos vernaculares”, identifica as responsabilidades e os contextos globais ao mesmo tempo que reconhece que eles estão sempre enraizados e enredados em interesses locais, os quais incluem os grupos minoritários que competem dentro da nação. Este artigo examina o termo “europeu” com o objetivo de desnudar os debates revisionistas sobre o cosmopolitismo, especialmente em relação aos “cosmopolitismos vernaculares” que funcionam como uma maneira de incluir os “cosmopolitismos subalternos” por meio da desagregação do cosmopolitismo, num movimento análogo à noção de “processo democrático agnóstico” de Stuart Hall. O paradoxo da frase acima reflete o movimento duplo desses debates: no termo cunhado por Homi Bhabha o “doméstico” ou “nativo” vernacular está sempre em uma relação dialógica com a “ação a distância” do cosmopolitismo global. Exploro essa dinâmica ao focalizar os significados discrepantes de “europeu” e dos termos a ele associados. Neste artigo, meu argumento central é: os termos “oeste” e “europeu” devem ser desconstruídos para que não possam mais ser invocados, nos debates pós-coloniais, como incontestáveis categorias heurísticas como, por exemplo, o “oeste e o resto.” Os novos debates sobre cosmopolitismo abrem caminho para se reconhecer, como estados-nação e como parte da União Europeia, a heterogeneidade cultural de tais entidades geopolíticas. Reconhecer o cosmopolitismo dos grupos subalternos facilita esse empreendimento e ajuda a restabelecer uma perspectiva “planetária.”

  12. Synthesis of 21-Thioureido or 21-Ureidocorticosteroids as NOS Inhibitors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Jiu-He; HAN Chong; LI Bing-Jie; CHENG Jin-Pei

    2003-01-01

    @@ Aryl or alkyl thioureas are known as NOS inhibitors, [1~ 4] in this paper we reported the synthesis of 21-thioureido or 21-ureidocorticosteroids as potential NOS inhibitors. The title compounds were prepared from primary 21aminocorticosteroids and in vivo generated aryl isothiocynates. For comparison, 21-ureidocorticoids were synthesized in a similar way. Scheme 1 shows the preparation of 21-thioureido and 21-ureidoprednisolone. Other corticosteroids' 2 1-thioureido or ureido derivatives, such as hydrocortisone' s, methylprednisolne' s, dexamethasone' s, betamethasone' s, RS' s, cortisone' s and prednisone' s, were also prepared. Preliminary pharmacology evaluation showed that they possessed NOS inhibiting activities.

  13. Regulation of eNOS enzyme activity by posttranslational modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiss, Elke H; Dirsch, Verena M

    2014-01-01

    The regulation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) employs multiple different cellular control mechanisms impinging on level and activity of the enzyme. This review aims at summarizing the current knowledge on the posttranslational modifications of eNOS, including acylation, nitrosylation, phosphorylation, acetylation, glycosylation and glutathionylation. Sites, mediators and impact on enzyme localization and activity of the single modifications will be discussed. Moreover, interdependence, cooperativity and competition between the different posttranslational modifications will be elaborated with special emphasis on the susceptibility of eNOS to metabolic cues.

  14. A teoria fundamentada nos dados como abordagem da pesquisa interpretativa

    OpenAIRE

    Cassiani, Silvia Helena De Bortoli; Caliri,Maria Helena Larcher; Pelá,Nilza Teresa Rotter

    1996-01-01

    Pesquisa interpretativa envolve os estudos da linha qualitativa e a pesquisa indutiva. Na classificação apresentada por LOWENBERG (1994) a teoria fundamentada nos dados é um tipo de pesquisa interpretativa situada como uma variante dentro do interacionismo simbólico. Face à pouca utilização desta metodologia nos estudos nacionais, este estudo teve por objetivo tratar da teoria fundamentada nos dados, enquanto referencial metodológico, apresentando e indicando seu método. As seguintes etapas f...

  15. Consistency and inconsistency in testing biomarkers in breast cancer. A GRELL study in cut-off variability in the Romance language countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crocetti, Emanuele; Caldarella, Adele; Ferretti, Stefano; Ardanaz, Eva; Arveux, Patrick; Bara, Simona; Barrios, Enrique; Bento, Maria J; Bordoni, Andrea; Buzzoni, Carlotta; Candela, Giuseppina; Colombani, Françoise; Delafosse, Patricia; Federico, Massimo; Francart, Julie; Giacomin, Adriano; Grosclaude, Pascale; Guizard, Anne V; Izarzugaza, Isabel; Konzelmann, Isabelle; La Rosa, Francesco; Lapotre, Benedicte; Leone, Nathalie; Ligier, Karine; Mangone, Lucia; Marcos-Gragera, R; Martinez, Ruth; Michelena, Maria J; Michiara, Maria; Miranda, Ana; Molinié, Florence; Mugarza-Gomez, Conception; Paci, Eugenio; Piffer, Silvano; Puig-Vives, Montserrat; Sacchettini, Claudio; Sánchez, Maria J; Traina, Adele; Tretarre, Brigitte; Tumino, Rosario; Van Vaerenbergh, Elke; Velten, Michel; Woronoff, Anne S

    2013-08-01

    Biological markers are crucial factors in order to differentiate female breast cancers and to determine the right therapy. This study aims at evaluating whether testing for biomarkers for female breast cancer has similar frequency and characteristics across and within countries. Population-based cancer registries of the Association for cancer registration and epidemiology in Romance language countries (GRELL) were asked to complete a questionnaire on biomarkers testing. The data collected referred to invasive female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2004 and 2009. The investigation focused on 1) the overexpression and amplification of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 oncogene (HER2); 2) the expression of oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptors; and 3) the proliferation index (PI). Weighted percentages, the heterogeneity among and within countries, and the correlation between responses and calendar years were evaluated. The study was based on 19,644 breast cancers. Overall, 85.9% of the cases were tested for HER2, 91.8% for both ER and PgR, and 74.1% for proliferative markers. For HER2 and ER-PgR, the frequency of testing increased from 2004 to 2009. Testing varied among countries (HER2 from 82.0% to 95.9%, ER-PgR from 89.3% to 98.9%, PI from 10% to 92%) and also within the same country (e.g. HER2 in Italy from 51% to 99%) as well as within single cancer registries. The most relevant differences were in the scores for positive/negative/not clearly defined HER2 (e.g. HER2 was defined positive if IHC 3+ in 21/33 registries), and in the cut-off of positive cells for ER/PgR (from >0% to >30%) and PI positivity (from >0% to >20%). Biological markers are widely tested in the Romance language countries; however, the parameters defining their positivity may vary, raising concerns about homogeneity in breast cancer classification and treatment. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. A Brief Study on Hidden Narrative Clues in Romance of the Three Kingdoms%简论《三国演义》的叙事暗线

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋婷

    2016-01-01

    《三国演义》的叙事有明线和暗线两套线索。明线即表层线索,是在叙事过程中自然展示的事件发展的逻辑线索;暗线则是在事件沿着表层线索推进的过程中,在特定时候以梦境、星象、灾异、谶谣、甚至卜筮、面相等方式预先布设,用以预示事件结局或人物命运走向的深层线索。《三国演义》通过诸多方式布设叙事暗线可以藉此传达“天命”和“天道”思想,向受众提前透露相关情节推进和人物命运方面的信息,满足受众的好奇心,以便留住受众,也可使小说形成严整的内外结构,形式更加完善。%Obvious clue and logical clue are both included in the narration of Romance of the Three Kingdoms . The obvious clue also called as surface clue and is the logical clue shown naturally in the course of narration . The logical clue is previously set up and buried in advance in events pro-cessing along surface clue via dreams , star images , disasters resulting from unusual phenomena , supersti-tious prediction even divination and physiognomy . In this situation , the clue is hidden from the ending of the stories and the direction of character's life can be predicated . Through many ways to set up the narrative logical clue , Romance of Three Kingdoms can express the thoughts of both the“Mandate of Heaven”and“Natural Law”. Meanwhile , it also can disclose on the relevant plots processing and infor-mation of character's fate to audiences in advance , so as to satisfy curiosity of audiences and retain the audiences . At the same time , the external and internal structure and the novel forms can be more inte-grated and perfected as well .

  17. Helena: representações de práticas de leitura e configurações do leitorado oitocentista brasileiro no romance machadiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrí­cia Kátia da Costa Pina

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo estuda as representações de atos de leitura presentes no romance Helena, de Machado de Assis, interpretando-as como instrumentos capazes de configurar o leitorado brasileiro oitocentista. Para tanto, são analisadas comparativamente as cenas de leitura protagonizadas por D. Úrsula, Helena e Estácio, tendo em vista as relações sociais, políticas e históricas que cercam a trama e as personagens recortadas. São observados modos de ler “masculinos” e “femininos”, que viabilizam a reflexão sobre o lugar da mulher nesse Brasil ainda patriarcal e já caminhando para o capitalismo. O objetivo é investigar de que maneira esse romance machadiano funciona para formar e manter padrões de gosto pela leitura literária. A argumentação se sustenta, fundamentando-se nas ideias de Wolfgang Iser, Roger Chartier, Marisa Lajolo, Regina Zilberman, Hélio Guimarães, entre outros.Palavras-chave: Machado de Assis; Helena; leitura; gênero.Resumen: Este artículo estudia las representaciones de actos de lectura presentes en la novela Helena, de Machado de Assis, interpretándolas como instrumentos capaces de configurar el lector brasileño decimonónico. Para eso, se analizan de forma comparativa las escenas de lectura protagonizadas por Doña Úrsula, Helena y Estácio, considerando las relaciones sociales, políticas e históricas que involucran la trama y los personajes en cuestión. Se observan modos de leer “masculinos” y “femeninos”, que hacen viable la reflexión sobre el lugar de la mujer en ese Brasil aún patriarcal y caminando ya hacia el capitalismo. El objetivo es investigar de qué manera esa novela machadiana funciona para formar y mantener patrones de gusto por la lectura literaria. La argumentación se sostiene, fundamentándose en las ideas de Wolfgang Iser, Roger Chartier, Marisa Lajolo, Regina Zilberman, Hélio Guimarães, entre otros.Palabras-clave: Machado de Assis; Helena; lectura; g

  18. Association of common eNOS/NOS3 polymorphisms with preeclampsia in Tunisian Arabs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Ali Gannoun, Marwa; Zitouni, Hedia; Raguema, Nozha; Maleh, Wided; Gris, Jean-Christophe; Almawi, Wassim; Mahjoub, Touhami

    2015-09-15

    We investigated the association of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) polymorphisms -786T>C, 27-bp repeat 4b/4a, and Glu298Asp with preeclampsia (PE). This was a case-control study involving 345 unrelated Tunisian women with PE and 289 unrelated age- and ethnically matched control women. The -786C allele was significantly increased in PA patients when compared to healthy controls (P=0.015). In contrast, MAF of Glu298Asp (P=0.103) and 4b/4a (P=0.168) were not significantly different between the study groups. Higher frequencies of heterozygous Glu298/298Asp and homozygous -786T/-786T genotypes were seen in PE cases compared to healthy subjects. The combination of genotypes 221 (-786T>C, Glu298Asp, 4a/4a) was more in PE cases compared with control women (17.68% vs. 8.36%; P=0.029). Multivariate regression analysis confirmed this association. Genetic variation at the NOS3 locus represents a genetic risk factor for increased susceptibility to PE. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Intracerebrally localized sarcoma NOS - an interdisciplinary challenge; Intrazerebral lokalisiertes Sarkom NOS - eine interdisziplinaere Herausforderung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holzmeister, R.; Spiegl, K.; Hammer, J. [Krankenhaus Barmherzige Schwestern, Linz (Austria). Abt. Radioonkologie; Schindler, C. [Landes-Nervenklinik Wagner-Jauregg, Linz (Austria). Inst. fuer Pathologie; Aichholzer, M. [Landes-Nervenklinik Wagner-Jauregg, Linz (Austria). Abt. fuer Neurochirurgie; Pichler, J. [Landes-Nervenklinik Wagner-Jauregg, Linz (Austria). Interne Ambulanz; Trenkler, J. [Landes-Nervenklinik Wagner-Jauregg, Linz (Austria). Inst. fuer Radiologie

    2007-06-15

    Background: In the literature, surveys of malignant intracerebral nerve sheath tumors are very rare. Therapeutic guidelines do not exist. Case Report: A 28-year-old female patient presented with a tumor in the postcentral region of the left parietal lobe. The specimen could not be categorized into a common tumor entity and was classified as sarcoma NOS. Shortly after surgery, a recurrence occurred followed by a further excision. Due to the rapid tumor growth irradiation with CT-aided treatment planning has been started immediately afterwards. A dose of 5,400 cGy in 22 fractions was administered. Result: 2 weeks after treatment, the patient presented with a noticeable tumor regression (magnetic resonance imaging). She developed pulmonary metastases. A partial remission could be achieved by systemic chemotherapy. Unfortunately, the patient died because of an exacerbation of a hepatic encephalopathy. Conclusion: In cases of intracerebrally localized sarcomas NOS, the earliest possible start of radiotherapy after surgery seems useful because of the noticed radiosensitivity of these tumors. In regard of the local control, this tumor entity shows a documented excellent response to radiotherapy. Expectedly, distant metastases cannot be influenced. Interdisciplinary cooperation is mandatory to enhance the diagnostic process, the treatment decisions, and the results. (orig.)

  20. Effect of Cerous Nitrate on NOS Activity and iNOS mRNA Level in Rat Liver

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨维东; 刘洁生; 王艇; 雷衡毅; 龚孟濂; 杨燕生

    2001-01-01

    The effect of cerous nitrate on activity of NOS and expression of iNOS in rat hepatocyte was studied by means of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The result shows that neither high (50 mg·kg-1) nor low(1 mg·kg-1) dose of cerous nitrate can induce the increase of expression of iNOS mRNA, but an increase of activity was observed after administration of cerous nitrate. Possible mechanism for these phenomena was discussed.

  1. NOAA/NOS and USCGS Seabed Descriptions from Hydrographic Surveys

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA/NOS and USCGS Seabed Descriptions from Hydrographic Surveys database is a compilation of surficial sediment composition from multiple sources for over...

  2. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Visibility, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Visibility data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not been...

  3. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Air Temperature, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Air Temperature data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not...

  4. NOS CO-OPS Water Level Data, Verified, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has verified (quality-controlled), 6-minute, water level (tide) data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS)....

  5. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Water Temperature, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Water Temperature data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not...

  6. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Relative Humidity, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Relative Humidity data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not...

  7. NOS CO-OPS Water Level Data, Verified, High Low

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has verified (quality-controlled), daily, high low water level (tide) data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services...

  8. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Conductivity, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Conductivity data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not been...

  9. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Rain Fall, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Rain Fall data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not been...

  10. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Wind, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Wind data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not been subjected...

  11. NOS CO-OPS Meteorological Data, Barometric Pressure, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has Barometric Pressure data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These preliminary data have not...

  12. 78 FR 50395 - Endangered Species; File Nos. 17557 and 17273

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... NOS Lab and used to support law enforcement actions, research studies (primarily genetics), and... parts and samples would be used to support law enforcement actions, research studies (primarily genetics...

  13. NOS CO-OPS Water Level Data, Verified, Hourly

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has verified (quality-controlled), hourly, water level (tide) data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS)....

  14. NOS CO-OPS Active Currents Data, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has surface Active Currents data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). WARNING: These raw data have not...

  15. NOS CO-OPS Water Level Data, Preliminary, 1-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has recent, preliminary (not quality-controlled), 1-minute, water level (tide) data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and...

  16. NOS CO-OPS Water Level Data, Preliminary, 6-Minute

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset has recent, preliminary (not quality-controlled), 6-minute, water level (tide) data from NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and...

  17. História e romance: a idéia de história em As aventuras de Telêmaco e as relações entre o texto histórico e a prosa ficcional na passagem dos séculos XVII-XVIII - History and romance: the concept of history in As aventuras de Telêmaco and thye relationshi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Martins

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O romance moderno emerge na passagem do século XVII para o XVIII, tornando-se nesse último um gênero literário que cai no gosto dos leitores. Esse texto pretende analisar as relações entre a prosa ficcional, o romance e seu aspecto realista, e a narrativa histórica feitas nesse período; bem como a manifestação dessas relações no romance pedagógico As Aventuras de Telêmaco de Fénelon, um dos romances mais lidos durante todo o século XVIII. Pretende-se também analisar a idéia de história presente neste romance e o seu diálogo com as concepções de história no Antigo Regime. Palavras-chave: romance; escrita histórica; idéia de história.   HISTORY AND ROMANCE: THE CONCEPT OF “HISTORY” IN “AS AVENTURAS DE TELÊMACO” AND THYE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE HISTORICAL TEXT AND THE FICTIONAL PROSE BETWEEN THE XVII AND THE XVIII CENTURIES Abstract The novel rises in the passage of 17th to 18th century, becoming a literary genre that captivates readers from 18th century on. This article intends to analyse the relationships beteween fictional prose, novel and its realistic side, and historic narrative written at that time. It is as well intended to analyse the manifestation of these relationships in the pedagogical novel As Aventuras de Telêmaco by Fénelon, which is one of the novels most read throughout the 18th century. At last, the following paper plans to enquiry the idea of history existing in this novel and its dialogue with the conceptions of history at the Ancien Régime. Keywords: novel; historical writing; idea of history.   HISTORIA Y NOVELA: LA IDEA DE HISTORIA EN LAS AVENTURAS DE TELÉMACO Y LAS RELACIONES ENTRE EL TEXTO HISTÓRICO Y LA PROSA DE FICCIÓN EN EL PASAJE DE LOS SIGLOS XVII-XVIII Resumen La novela moderna emerge en el pasaje del siglo XVII para el XVIII, tornándose en ese último un género literario que cae en el gusto de los lectores. Ese texto pretende analizar las relaciones entre la

  18. O crepúsculo de um Herói e a aurora dos subversivos nos "Becos da Memória"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian C. Santos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Em questão colocamos a concepção de silenciamento da voz de subalternos em discursos hegemônicos, a partir da perspectiva teórica dos estudos pós-coloniais e dos estudos subalternos, atentando para teorizações de Gayatri Spivak. Na leitura de Becos da Memória, de Conceição Evaristo (2013, consideramos este livro com parte de um contexto em que uma literatura subversiva questiona o sistema crítico-literário hegemônico. Isso mediante uma narrativa polifônica, a qual representa subalternos e apresenta táticas de subversão de relações sociais assimétricas, com uma releitura do papel do herói e um reengendramento do sistema metáfora/metonímia – em uma narrativa que rearticula gêneros literários estabilizados como biografia(s, novela, conto, romance e histórias orais. Mediante a discussão das consequências do “desfavelamento” no esgarçamento do tecido e das relações sociais e a contestação da subalternização por sujeitos favelados-subalternos-subproletários-marginalizados, via resistência e subversão, Conceição Evaristo nos permitiria entrever: o crepúsculo de um Herói e a aurora dos subversivos.

  19. A ciência nos jornais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isaltina Maria de Azevedo Mello Gomes

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo central deste artigo é apontar os fenômenos lingüí­sticos envolvidos na transposição de entrevistas realizadas com cientistas em textos jornalí­sticos publicados na imprensa diária. Tomamos como objeto de análise conjuntos de textos (entrevistas e matérias jornalí­sticas publicados no Jornal do Commercio, que nos permitiram identificar as principais operações lingüí­sticas e as repercussões dessa transformação no conteíºdo proposicional. Nossa análise mostra modificações substanciais entre a entrevista e o texto jornalí­stico, mas normalmente a idéia básica do texto original é preservada. Asimprecisões atribuí­das pelos cientistas aos textos jornalí­sticos de divulgação cientí­fica são muito mais uma questão de mudança da perspectiva de interesse do que propriamente distorção de informações. Mesmo se tratando de um estudo de caso, acreditamos que nossas conclusões indicam o que geralmente ocorre na retextualização de entrevistas em textos de divulgação cientí­fica para a imprensa diária.Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to point out linguistic phenomena involved in the transformation of interviews with scientists into news texts published by the daily press. For the analysis, we used sets of texts (interview-journalistic text published by the Jornal do Commercio, that permited us to identify the main linguistic operations and the effects of this kind of transformation on the propositional content. Our analysis showed substantial changes between interview and journalistic text, but, in general, the main idea from the original text is preserved. The inexactness attributed by scientists to scientific news texts are much more a question of a change in the point of interest than a question of informational distortion. Although a case study, we believe that our conclusions indicate what frequently happens in the transformation of interviews into texts of scientific

  20. A captura de Dom Casmurro por uma crítica disposta entre o romance e a microssérie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre de Assis Monteiro

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Esta reflexão tem o intuito de identificar as formas de diálogos entre a microssérie Capitu, de Luís Fernando Carvalho e o romance Dom Casmurro, de Machado de Assis, e está fundamentada na teoria da narratologia - sobretudo a partir das contribuições de Gérard Genette. Para substanciar nosso estudo acerca da natureza das narrativas, fazemos uma abordagem dos textos com base na fortuna crítica das duas obras, além de buscarmos apreender os sentidos da imagem e do tempo sobre a teleficção, sobre o processo de adaptação e sobre os movimentos artísticos da modernidade, que encontram reflexo no percurso da transmutação da narrativa de um suporte radicado no código verbal para um suporte radicado num código verbal-visual-sonoro.

  1. Kirsten Fudeman, Aaron Lawson, Carol Rosen and Devon Strolovitch (Editors, Cornell Working Papers in Linguistics, Romance Philology 17, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 1999, 196 pagine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Sotto questo titolo è apparsa nell'autunno del 1999 un'antologia curata dai quattro editori,. contenente 29 brani ( ad opera dei curatori e altri collaboratori. Le linee direttrici sono esposte nella prefazione (Preface, 2 pagine introduttive fuori paginazione. La base è l'antologia Early Romance Texts: An Anthology (1980 di Rodney Sampson, definita invaluable, ma ormai di difficile accesso. Perciò, con la presente scelta di testi si cerca di ovviare a questa situazione. Ci sono però determinati limiti: infatti, sono stati tralasciati i testi più noti, canonici, già bene studiati, ma nel contempo si è desistito anche dall'includere soltanto testi finora non pubblicati. In tal modo si è scelta una via di mezzo, includendo i testi meno noti e meno discussi, tutti pubblicati, è vero, già prima ma in places now considered relatively obscure e parecchio tempo (perfino tutto un secolo fa. La struttura di tutti i contributi è identica: ad una succinta introduzione (dati essenziali sul relativo testo seguono il brano, i commenti, la bibliografia e la traduzione inglese. In tal modo l'antologia è coerente, di facile orientamento ed altrettanto facili confronti tra i singoli testi, il che è di notevole importanza scientifica e pedagogica. Infine, i curatori fanno risaltare il ruolo delle ricerche filologiche negli studi più propriamente linguistici.

  2. Cavalgando no dorso do tempo: a constituição da narrativa e o aspecto contemporâneo no romance de Mariana Lage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabella Banducci Amizo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre o livro No dorso do leão (2013, primeiro romance da escritora mineira Mariana Lage. A partir da problematização dos estudos de teóricos como Theodor Adorno e Walter Benjamin, assim como dos brasileiros Jaime Ginzburg e Silviano Santiago, entre outros, trata dos principais elementos presentes na obra referentes à constituição da narrativa na contemporaneidade.  A narrativa se desenvolve por meio de cartas e notas, as quais transmitem ideias e sentimentos das personagens, explorando a busca por uma identidade e um sentido para a existência, a fuga e a procura de si mesmo, o caos interior como reflexo do caótico com que se lida externamente. O artigo, atento a tais aspectos, procura refletir sobre a relação da obra com a produção literária contemporânea.

  3. eNOS-uncoupling in age-related erectile dysfunction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, JM; Bivalacqua, TJ; Lagoda, GA; Burnett, AL; Musicki, B

    2011-01-01

    Aging is associated with ED. Although age-related ED is attributed largely to increased oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in the penis, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect are not fully defined. We evaluated whether endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) uncoupling in the aged rat penis is a contributing mechanism. Correlatively, we evaluated the effect of replacement with eNOS cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) on erectile function in the aged rats. Male Fischer 344 ‘young’ (4-month-old) and ‘aged’ (19-month-old) rats were treated with a BH4 precursor sepiapterin (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally) or vehicle for 4 days. After 1-day washout, erectile function was assessed in response to electrical stimulation of the cavernous nerve. Endothelial dysfunction (eNOS uncoupling) and oxidative stress (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS) were measured by conducting western blot in penes samples. Erectile response was significantly reduced in aged rats, whereas eNOS uncoupling and TBARS production were significantly increased in the aged rat penis compared with young rats. Sepiapterin significantly improved erectile response in aged rats and prevented increase in TBARS production, but did not affect eNOS uncoupling in the penis of aged rats. These findings suggest that aging induces eNOS uncoupling in the penis, resulting in increased oxidative stress and ED. PMID:21289638

  4. Endothelial (NOS3 E298D) and inducible (NOS2 exon 22) nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms, as well as plasma NOx, influence sepsis development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Guadalupe; Asensi, Víctor; Montes, A Hugo; Collazos, Julio; Alvarez, Victoria; Pérez-Is, Laura; Carton, José A; Taboada, Francisco; Valle-Garay, Eulalia

    2014-11-15

    Nitric oxide (NO) influences susceptibility to infection and hemodynamic failure (HF) in sepsis. NOS3 and NOS2 SNPs might modify plasma nitrite/nitrate (NOx) levels, sepsis development, hemodynamics and survival. 90 severely septic and 91 non-infected ICU patients were prospectively studied. NOS3 (E298D), NOS3 (-786 T/C), NOS3 (27 bp-VNTR), and NOS2A (exon 22) SNPs and plasma NOx levels were assessed. 21 patients (11.6%) died, 7 with sepsis. TT homozygotes and T allele carriers of NOS3 (E298D) and AG carriers of the NOS2A (exon 22) SNPs were more frequent among septic compared to non-infected ICU patients (p NOS3 (E298D) SNP (p = 0.006). Sepsis independently associated with HF, increased NOx, peripheral neutrophils, and fibrinogen levels, decreased prothrombin and the presence of the NOS3 (E298D) and NOS2A (exon 22) SNPs. A low APACHE II score was the only variable associated with sepsis survival. NOx was independently associated with sepsis, HF, decreased neutrophils and higher APACHE. NOS3 (E298D) and NOS2A (exon 22) SNPs, individually and in combination, and plasma NOx, associated with sepsis development. NOx associated with HF and fatal outcome. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Pedagogical Reflections by Secondary Science Teachers at Different NOS Implementation Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Benjamin C.; Clough, Michael P.; Olson, Joanne K.

    2017-02-01

    This study investigated what 13 secondary science teachers at various nature of science (NOS) instruction implementation levels talked about when they reflected on their teaching. We then determined if differences exist in the quality of those reflections between high, medium, and low NOS implementers. This study sought to answer the following questions: (1) What do teachers talk about when asked general questions about their pedagogy and NOS pedagogy and (2) what qualitative differences, if any, exist within variables across teachers of varying NOS implementation levels? Evidence derived from these teachers' reflections indicated that self-efficacy and perceptions of general importance for NOS instruction were poor indicators of NOS implementation. However, several factors were associated with the extent that these teachers implemented NOS instruction, including the utility value they hold for NOS teaching, considerations of how people learn, understanding of NOS pedagogy, and their ability to accurately and deeply self-reflect about teaching. Notably, those teachers who effectively implemented the NOS at higher levels value NOS instruction for reasons that transcend immediate instructional objectives. That is, they value teaching NOS for achieving compelling ends realized long after formal schooling (e.g., lifelong socioscientific decision-making for civic reasons), and they deeply reflect about how to teach NOS by drawing from research about how people learn. Low NOS implementers' simplistic notions and reflections about teaching and learning appeared to be impeding factors to accurate and consistent NOS implementation. This study has implications for science teacher education efforts that promote NOS instruction.

  6. Expression analysis of NOS family and HSP genes during thermal stress in goat ( Capra hircus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Vijay Pratap; Dangi, Satyaveer Singh; Chouhan, Vikrant Singh; Gupta, Mahesh; Dangi, Saroj K.; Singh, Gyanendra; Maurya, Vijay Prakash; Kumar, Puneet; Sarkar, Mihir

    2016-03-01

    Approximately 50 genes other than heat shock protein (HSP) expression changes during thermal stress. These genes like nitric oxide synthase (NOS) need proper attention and investigation to find out their possible role in the adaptation to thermal stress in animals. So, the present study was undertaken to demonstrate the expressions of inducible form type II NOS (iNOS), endothelial type III NOS (eNOS), constitutively expressed enzyme NOS (cNOS), HSP70, and HSP90 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) during different seasons in Barbari goats. Real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunocytochemistry were applied to investigate messenger RNA (mRNA) expression, protein expression, and immunolocalization of examined factors. The mRNA and protein expressions of iNOS, eNOS, cNOS, HSP70, and HSP90 were significantly higher ( P < 0.05) during peak summer, and iNOS and eNOS expressions were also observed to be significantly higher ( P < 0.05) during peak winter season as compared with moderate season. The iNOS, eNOS, cNOS, HSP70, and HSP90 were mainly localized in plasma membrane and cytoplasm of PBMCs. To conclude, data generated in the present study indicate the possible involvement of the NOS family genes in amelioration of thermal stress so as to maintain cellular integrity and homeostasis in goats.

  7. Aqueous Humor Outflow Physiology in NOS3 Knockout Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Yuan; Zhang, Xuejin; Song, Maomao; Wu, Jihong; Sun, Xinghuai

    2015-07-01

    To investigate the role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) on conventional outflow function using NOS3 knockout (KO) mice. Intraocular pressure was measured in both NOS3 KO and wild type (WT) by rebound tonometry. Outflow facility was measured by perfusing enucleated mouse eyes at multiple pressure steps. A subset of eyes was sectioned and stained for histology. Mock aqueous humor ± the nitric oxide (NO) donors nitroprusside dihydrate (SNP) or S-Nitroso-N-Acetyl-D,L-Penicillamine (SNAP) was perfused into enucleated eyes. SNP and SNAP was administered topically at 0, 1, 2, and 3 hours while the contralateral eyes served as vehicle controls. Intraocular pressure was measured in both eyes before and after the last drug treatment. Intraocular pressure was higher in KO mice (18.2 ± 0.7 mm Hg vs. 13.9 ± 0.5 mm Hg, mean ± SEM, n = 30, P NOS3 KO mice have elevated IOP, which is likely the result of reduced pressure-dependent drainage. These findings are consistent with human data showing polymorphisms in the NOS3 gene associate with ocular hypertension and the development of glaucoma.

  8. Os pais comem frutas verdes e os dentes dos filhos ficam embotados? Considerações sobre o pecado em Romance de família, de Edna Mazya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Rozenchan

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Entre outros livros de destaque dos anos recentes, a obra de Edna Mazya em boa parte também não aborda diretamente os principais eventos da II Guerra Mundial na Europa. Não obstante, esse é um pano de fundo fundamental de uma parcela considerável de Romance de família, mesmo quando os eventos que compõem a trama se desenvolvem na Palestina contemporânea à Guerra, ou em períodos posteriores, em Israel, ou de volta à Europa.

  9. NOS3 Protects Against Systemic Inflammation and Myocardial Dysfunction in Murine Polymicrobial Sepsis

    OpenAIRE

    Bougaki, Masahiko; Searles, Robert J.; Kida, Kotaro; Yu, JiaDe; Buys, Emmanuel; Ichinose, Fumito

    2010-01-01

    NO has been implicated in the pathogenesis of septic shock. However, the role of NO synthase 3 (NOS3) during sepsis remains incompletely understood. Here, we examined the impact of NOS3 deficiency on systemic inflammation and myocardial dysfunction during peritonitis-induced polymicrobial sepsis. Severe polymicrobial sepsis was induced by colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) in wild-type (WT) and NOS3-deficient (NOS3KO) mice. NOS3KO mice exhibited shorter survival time than did WT mice af...

  10. On Techniques of Describing Music in The Romance of the West Chamber%论《西厢记》中的音乐表现手法∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉琳; 靳晗

    2014-01-01

    音乐表现手法是指作者为了传神地描写某种音乐或声音,使读者身临其境,在文本上所使用的一些写作手法和技巧。笔者以《琵琶行》、《李凭箜篌引》、《听颖师弹琴》为参照对比,分析《西厢记》第二本中“崔莺莺夜听琴”一折以声喻乐、以形喻乐、以典喻乐的音乐表现手法,并说明《西厢记》采用这样的手法是对音乐描写的突破。通过这些写作手法,在思想内容上更好地表现出了《西厢记》所传达的“愿普天下有情的都成了眷属”的美好愿望和崔莺莺、张生敢于反抗封建礼教的纯洁爱情。%Description of music refers to the employment of words to describe music or other sounds to reproduce the environment for the readers. By making a comparison with other poems involving description of music, this paper analyzes the techniques – phonograms, images and literary allusions – used to de-scribe music in Scene II of The Romance of the West Chamber, claiming them a breakthrough in techniques of music description. These writing techniques greatly help highlight the theme of the play –let all those in love love – by vividly describing the love story of the hero and the heroine.

  11. Las lenguas del Fuero juzgo: avatares históricos e historiográficos de las versiones romances de la Ley visigótica (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Castillo Lluch

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo revisa las caracterizaciones que se han dado de la lengua del Fuero juzgo en diferentes obras de la historia de la lengua española (manuales, ediciones y tratados dialectológicos, a la vez que explora cómo la representación histórica que se tiene del código legal ha podido trascender a su descripción lingüística. Se pone de manifiesto el desconocimiento casi absoluto de la historia del texto romance del Fuero juzgo y la necesidad para superarlo de una visión tanto individual de los distintos testimonios como del conjunto de su tradición manuscrita.Dans cette étude sont passées en revue les caractérisations de la langue du Fuero juzgo proposéesdans divers ouvrages sur l’histoire de la langue espagnole (manuels, éditions et traités dialectologiques. L’influence que la représentation historique du code légal a pu avoir sur sa description linguistique est également étudiée. L’accent est mis sur la méconnaissance presque complète de l’histoire du texte en langue vulgaire : pour y remédier, une étude de chacun des manuscrits conservés est nécessaire, mais il faut aussi parvenir à une vision d'ensemble de la tradition manuscrite.

  12. La afirmación ideológica de la monarquía navarra y el empleo del romance en el entorno de 1200

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fermín MIRANDA GARCÍA

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Aunque los diplomas regios escritos en romance navarro parecen remontarse a los años setenta del siglo xii, un análisis detallado de los mismos permite establecer que la cancillería real asumió ese idioma de modo oficial a partir de 1223, en una etapa marcada por el aislamiento de Sancho VII entre sus vecinos y por el ascenso del poder nobiliario. Desde entonces, el latín quedará arrinconado como lengua del rey, en un proceso que se adelanta una o dos generaciones a lo habitual en el resto de los reinos del Occidente europeo.Bien que les diplômes royaux écrits en langue vernaculaire navarraise semblent remonter aux années 1170, une analyse détaillée permet d'établir qu'elle n'est devenue la langue officielle de la couronne qu'à partir de 1223, dans une période marquée par l'isolement de Sancho VII parmi ses puissants voisins et par le renforcement du pouvoir nobiliaire. À partir de ce moment, la langue latine se maintint seulement en tant que langue du roi. Dans ce processus, qui ne connut que deux petites parenthèses – entre 1234-1236 et 1274-1328 –, la Navarre était en avance d'une ou deux générations sur les autres royaumes de l'Europe occidentale.

  13. Exploring Elementary Science Methods Course Contexts to Improve Preservice Teachers' NOS of Science Conceptions and Understandings of NOS Teaching Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akerson, Valarie L.; Weiland, Ingrid; Rogers, Meredith Park; Pongsanon, Khemmawaddee; Bilican, Kader

    2014-01-01

    We explored adaptations to an elementary science methods course to determine how varied contexts could improve elementary preservice teachers' conceptions of NOS as well as their ideas for teaching NOS to elementary students. The contexts were (a) NOS Theme in which the course focused on the teaching of science through the consistent teaching…

  14. Lo que los automóviles nos dicen.

    OpenAIRE

    Rogelio, Rodríguez Pellicer

    2012-01-01

    En el presente artículo reflexionamos sobre la presencia en nuestro día a día de los significados sociales, aquellos significados que otorgamos a lo que nos rodea por influencia de la cultura recibida. Para ello, partimos del significado denotativo que los automóviles estacionados en las vías públicas nos proporcionan, tanto a través de signos lingüísticos como de los no lingüísticos, y observamos que un artilugio tan habitual como un coche conlleva una gran variedad de significados connotati...

  15. On the Creation of Romance of King Xingwu and Its Cultural Relation with Romance of the Three Kingdoms%论《兴武王演义》的创作及其与《三国演义》的文化渊源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵维国

    2012-01-01

    Based on the history and the legends of the Three Kingdoms,the Korean novel Romance of King Xingwu,which is a romantic novel about Korean history,focuses on the political and military fighting process of the Silla Dynasty unifying Korean Peninsula by narrating such historical heroes as the wise minister Kim Yoo-sin.Through data research and fictions of Kim Yoo-sin,this article aims to illustrate that the narrative style of the hero Kim Yoo-sin is the same as that of Zhuge Liang,and to analyze the cultural relation of Romance of King Xingwu with the Chinese Fiction.Creating novels with the nourishment of Chinese culture,Li Dingjun not only extended the cultural influence of the Chinese fiction and enriched the creation for the romantic novels of Korean history,but also promoted the Korean ethos.%朝鲜小说《兴武王演义》以三国史实、传说为依据,以新罗贤臣金庾信为中心,叙述了新罗王朝统一朝鲜半岛的政治军事斗争进程,歌颂了金庾信等历史英雄人物,是朝鲜王朝末期一部著名的历史演义小说。本文在考辨金庾信史料、传说的基础上,论述《兴武王演义》主要人物金庾信的"诸葛亮化"书写,分析《兴武王演义》与中国小说的文化渊源。李鼎均崇尚中华文化而创作小说,不仅扩大了中国小说的文化影响力,丰富了朝鲜历史演义小说的创作,而且弘扬了朝鲜民族的文化精神。

  16. The Characteristics and Regulatory Mechanisms of Superoxide Generation from eNOS Reductase Domain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Peng

    Full Text Available In addition to superoxide (O2.- generation from nitric oxide synthase (NOS oxygenase domain, a new O2.- generation site has been identified in the reductase domain of inducible NOS (iNOS and neuronal NOS (nNOS. Cysteine S-glutathionylation in eNOS reductase domain also induces O2.- generation from eNOS reductase domain. However, the characteristics and regulatory mechanism of the O2.- generation from NOS reductase domain remain unclear. We cloned and purified the wild type bovine eNOS (WT eNOS, a mutant of Serine 1179 replaced with aspartic acid eNOS (S1179D eNOS, which mimics the negative charge caused by phosphorylationand truncated eNOS reductase domain (eNOS RD. Both WT eNOS and S1179D eNOS generated significant amount of O2.- in the absence of BH4 and L-arginine. The capacity of O2.- generation from S1179D eNOS was significantly higher than that of WT eNOS (1.74:1. O2.- generation from both WT eNOS and S1179D eNOS were not completely inhibited by 100nM tetrahydrobiopterin(BH4. This BH4 un-inhibited O2.- generation from eNOS was blocked by 10mM flavoprotein inhibitor, diphenyleneiodonium (DPI. Purified eNOS reductase domain protein confirmed that this BH4 un-inhibited O2.- generation originates at the FMN or FAD/NADPH binding site of eNOS reductase domain. DEPMPO-OOH adduct EPR signals and NADPH consumptions analyses showed that O2.- generation from eNOS reductase domain was regulated by Serine 1179 phosphorylation and DPI, but not by L-arginine, BH4 or calmodulin (CaM. In addition to the heme center of eNOS oxygenase domain, we confirmed another O2.- generation site in the eNOS reductase domain and characterized its regulatory properties.

  17. Differential cardiovascular responses to blockade of nNOS or iNOS in rostral ventrolateral medulla of the rat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Samuel H H; Wang, Ling-Lin; Wang, Shu-Huei; Chan, Julie Y H

    2001-01-01

    We investigated the contribution of neuronal or inducible nitric oxide synthase (nNOS or iNOS) at the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) to central cardiovascular regulation by endogenous nitric oxide (NO), using Sprague-Dawley rats anaesthetized and maintained with propofol.Microinjection bilaterally into the RVLM of a NO trapping agent, carboxy-2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-l-oxy-l-3-oxide (10, 50 or 100 nmoles) resulted in significant hypotension and bradycardia.Similar application of a selective antagonist of nNOS, 7-nitroindazole (1, 2.5 or 5 pmoles), or selective antagonists of iNOS, aminoguanidine (125, 250 or 500 pmoles), N6-(l-iminoethyl)-L-lysine (250 pmoles) or S-methylisothiourea (250 pmoles), induced respectively a reduction or an enhancement in systemic arterial pressure, heart rate and power density of the vasomotor components in the spectrum of arterial blood pressure signals, the experimental index for sympathetic neurogenic vasomotor tone.Both hypotension and bradycardia induced by the NO precursor, L-arginine (100 nmoles), were significantly blunted when aminoguanidine (250 pmoles) was co-microinjected bilaterally into the RVLM. On the other hand, co-administered 7-nitroindazole (2.5 pmoles) was ineffective.Whereas low doses of S-nitro-N-acetylpenicillamine (0.25 or 0.5 nmoles) elicited hypertension and tachycardia, high doses of this non-nitrate NO donor (5 nmoles) induced hypotension and bradycardia.Reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that both iNOS and nNOS mRNA were expressed in the ventrolateral medulla.We conclude that the prevalence of nNOS over iNOS activity at the RVLM and the associated dominance of sympathoexcitation over sympathoinhibition may underlie the maintenance of sympathetic vasomotor outflow and stable systemic arterial pressure by the endogenous NO. PMID:11399678

  18. Los medios de comunicación ¿nos igualan o nos diferencian?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier BALLESTA PAGÁN

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo presentamos los resultados obtenidos en una investigación llevada a cabo en los centros educativos de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria de la Región de Murcia donde se ha pretendido valorar el equipamiento, el acceso a la información y el consumo de medios de comunicación en el hogar, por parte del alumnado inmigrante en comparación con el autóctono. Los datos aportados de dicho estudio nos confirman que la mayoría de los recursos más utilizados en el hogar es menor en los hogares del alumnado inmigrante de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO respecto al resto de la muestra en general de los alumnos. Por otra parte, el acceso a los medios, para estos alumnos inmigrantes, corrobora que son considerados recursos de gran importancia como vehículos en su acercamiento al aprendizaje y al entretenimiento. En cuanto al uso personal de dichos medios de comunicación observamos que mientras el ordenador, el móvil y el DVD son muy utilizados, comprobamos cómo desciende su uso e interés cuando abordamos otros medios de papel impreso, entre los que destacamos el libro y el periódico. Sin embargo, el uso de la televisión es bastante similar en ambos colectivos. Con relación al acceso a Internet, los resultados analizados parecen confirmar que el hogar se convierte en el lugar adecuado para su uso en ambas muestras, por encima de otros espacios públicos o privados. Sin embargo, si comprobamos la disponibilidad de acceso al mismo en el hogar por parte del alumnado inmigrante, destacamos que es menor de la que disponen los hogares autóctonos. En relación con la lectura, el nivel lector de estos jóvenes inmigrantes es también menor, aunque no existe una gran diferencia, respecto de la muestra de alumnos autóctonos. Al valorar el uso que hacen de la biblioteca comprobamos que más de la mitad de los alumnos afirman ir a ella, pero preferentemente a la pública más que la biblioteca del centro o a la de otras

  19. Las Rocas Nos Cuentan (Rocks Tell Their Stories)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llerandi-Roman, Pablo A.

    2012-01-01

    Many Earth science lessons today still focus on memorizing the names of rocks and minerals. This led the author to develop a lesson that reveals the fascinating stories told by rocks through the study of their physical properties. He first designed the lesson for Puerto Rican teachers, hence its Spanish title: "Las Rocas Nos Cuentan Su Historia."…

  20. Las Rocas Nos Cuentan (Rocks Tell Their Stories)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llerandi-Roman, Pablo A.

    2012-01-01

    Many Earth science lessons today still focus on memorizing the names of rocks and minerals. This led the author to develop a lesson that reveals the fascinating stories told by rocks through the study of their physical properties. He first designed the lesson for Puerto Rican teachers, hence its Spanish title: "Las Rocas Nos Cuentan Su Historia."…

  1. 78 FR 21112 - Marine Mammals; File Nos. 16992 and 14535

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-09

    ..., Ph.D., Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, P.O. Box 1106, Kailua, HI 96734, has... of Marine Biology in Kaneohe, HI. Researchers would conduct hearing measurements using suction cup... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XB161 Marine Mammals; File Nos. 16992 and...

  2. First light of the NIRISS Optical Simulator (NOS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    St-Antoine, Jonathan; Albert, Loïc.; Doyon, René; Vallée, Philippe; Artigau, Étienne; Hernandez, Olivier; Thibault, Simon; Brousseau, Denis

    2016-07-01

    The Near Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS) Optical Simulator (NOS) is a laboratory simulation of the single-object slitless spectroscopy and aperture masking interferometry modes of the NIRISS instrument onboard the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). A transiting exoplanet can be simulated by periodically eclipsing a small portion (1% - 10ppm) of a super continuum laser source (0.4 μm - 2.4 μm) with a dichloromethane filled cell. Dichloromethane exhibits multiple absorption features in the near infrared domain hence the net effect is analogous to the atmospheric absorption features of an exoplanet transiting in front of its host star. The NOS uses an HAWAII-2RG and an ASIC controller cooled to cryogenic temperatures. A separate photometric beacon provides a flux reference to monitor laser variations. The telescope jitter can be simulated using a high-resolution motorized pinhole placed along the optical path. Laboratory transiting spectroscopy data produced by the NOS will be used to refine analysis methods, characterize the noise due to the jitter, characterize the noise floor and to develop better observation strategies. We report in this paper the first exoplanet transit event simulated by the NOS. The performance is currently limited by relatively high thermal background in the system and high frequency temporal variations of the continuum source.

  3. 陶瓷绘画中戏曲《西厢记》的艺术解读%THE ART INTERPRETATION FOR TRADITIONAL OPERA——ROMANCE OF WESTERN CHAMBER IN CERAMIC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱景燕; 董小军

    2012-01-01

    Ceramics and traditional opera are the art treasure of chinese Han nationality,which have long history and rich connotation.The traditional opera—Romance of Western Chamber is the realism masterpiece of classic opera in our country.In the history of chinese porcelain,the ceramic arts which are painted based on Romance of Western Chamber are exquisite beyond compare.The work of art fully display unique wisdom and aesthetic taste of chinese nation.%陶瓷与戏曲都是华夏汉民族的艺术瑰宝,有着悠久的历史和丰富的文化内涵。戏曲《西厢记》是我国古典戏剧的现实主义杰作。而中国制瓷史上以西厢人物为范本绘制出的陶瓷艺术品也精美绝伦,这些艺术品充分展现了华夏民族的独特智慧和审美情趣。

  4. Romance of Revolution. The Narration of History Legitimacy in North Korea Film%革命的罗曼史:朝鲜电影中的历史合法性叙事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴和平

    2012-01-01

    Through three levels of integrated operation, such as turning history events into stories, modeling stories to romance, and explaining history with class struggle logic, North Korean film interpreted the ambiguous historical events as a clear and distinct revolution romance with Kim Il Sung as the hero, which had successfully rewritten the history of the Korean revolution, established the historical legitimacy of the new regime, and built a powerful authority of the state ideology.%朝鲜电影经过历史事件故事化、历史故事模式化、历史逻辑阶级化三个层面的一体化运作,将纷繁芜杂、明暗不清的历史事件演绎成为以金日成的革命历程为主线,有头有尾、因果相续的革命罗曼史,成功地实现了对朝鲜革命历史的改写,从而确立了新政权的历史合法性,树立了国家意识形态的强大权威。

  5. 《官板大字绣像批评三国志》图赞初探%Study on the Research of the Illustration Eulogies of Official Large Characters Appraisal Edition of Romance of the Three Kingdoms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧; 张祝平

    2015-01-01

    Mao Zonggang ’ s appraisal edition of Romance of the three kingdoms is outstanding among all other editions because of its special structure and splendid comments , which makes it very worthy and widely circulate. What the author has is one of these Mao ’ s appraisal editions , and this article is supposed to analyze the purpose and selection criteria of the editor , also the function of the illustration eulogies in the circulation of Romance of the three kingdoms .%清代,毛宗岗本《三国演义》以其独特的结构、精彩的评点力压群书,成为至今都广为流传的《三国演义》版本,其价值更不必多说。此版本是毛评本众多版本之一,通过对其图赞来源的分类研究,结合毛评本的评改主旨,旨在剖析出图赞编辑者的选刊标准、意图以及图赞在小说传播中的作用。

  6. Sildenafil Ameliorates Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats: Role of iNOS and eNOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed A. Morsy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gentamicin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, is used for the treatment of serious Gram-negative infections. However, its usefulness is limited by its nephrotoxicity. Sildenafil, a selective phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, was reported to prevent or decrease tissue injury. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential protective effects of sildenafil on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Male Wistar rats were injected with gentamicin (100 mg/kg/day, i.p. for 6 days with and without sildenafil. Sildenafil administration resulted in nephroprotective effect in gentamicin-intoxicated rats as it significantly decreased serum creatinine and urea, urinary albumin, and renal malondialdehyde and nitrite/nitrate levels, with a concomitant increase in renal catalase and superoxide dismutase activities compared to gentamicin-treated rats. Moreover, immunohistochemical examination revealed that sildenafil treatment markedly reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS expression, while expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS was markedly enhanced. The protective effects of sildenafil were verified histopathologically. In conclusion, sildenafil protects rats against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity possibly, in part, through its antioxidant activity, inhibition of iNOS expression, and induction of eNOS production.

  7. Contribution of the nos-pdt operon to virulence phenotypes in methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April M Sapp

    Full Text Available Nitric oxide (NO is emerging as an important regulator of bacterial stress resistance, biofilm development, and virulence. One potential source of endogenous NO production in the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus is its NO-synthase (saNOS enzyme, encoded by the nos gene. Although a role for saNOS in oxidative stress resistance, antibiotic resistance, and virulence has been recently-described, insights into the regulation of nos expression and saNOS enzyme activity remain elusive. To this end, transcriptional analysis of the nos gene in S. aureus strain UAMS-1 was performed, which revealed that nos expression increases during low-oxygen growth and is growth-phase dependent. Furthermore, nos is co-transcribed with a downstream gene, designated pdt, which encodes a prephenate dehydratase (PDT enzyme involved in phenylalanine biosynthesis. Deletion of pdt significantly impaired the ability of UAMS-1 to grow in chemically-defined media lacking phenylalanine, confirming the function of this enzyme. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the operon organization of nos-pdt appears to be unique to the staphylococci. As described for other S. aureus nos mutants, inactivation of nos in UAMS-1 conferred sensitivity to oxidative stress, while deletion of pdt did not affect this phenotype. The nos mutant also displayed reduced virulence in a murine sepsis infection model, and increased carotenoid pigmentation when cultured on agar plates, both previously-undescribed nos mutant phenotypes. Utilizing the fluorescent stain 4-Amino-5-Methylamino-2',7'-Difluorofluorescein (DAF-FM diacetate, decreased levels of intracellular NO/reactive nitrogen species (RNS were detected in the nos mutant on agar plates. These results reinforce the important role of saNOS in S. aureus physiology and virulence, and have identified an in vitro growth condition under which saNOS activity appears to be upregulated. However, the significance of the operon organization of nos-pdt and

  8. Endothelin-1 Overexpression Improves Renal Function in eNOS Knockout Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Tsuprykov

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: To investigate the renal phenotype under conditions of an activated renal ET-1 system in the status of nitric oxide deficiency, we compared kidney function and morphology in wild-type, ET-1 transgenic (ET+/+, endothelial nitric oxide synthase knockout (eNOS-/- and ET+/+eNOS-/- mice. Methods: We assessed blood pressure, parameters of renal morphology, plasma cystatin C, urinary protein excretion, expression of genes associated with glomerular filtration barrier and tissue remodeling, and plasma metabolites using metabolomics. Results: eNOS-/- and ET+/+eNOS-/- mice developed hypertension. Osteopontin, albumin and protein excretion were increased in eNOS-/- and restored in ET+/+eNOS-/- animals. All genetically modified mice developed renal interstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis. Genes involved in tissue remodeling (serpine1, TIMP1, Col1a1, CCL2 were up-regulated in eNOS-/-, but not in ET+/+eNOS-/- mice. Plasma levels of free carnitine and acylcarnitines, amino acids, diacyl phosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylcholines and hexoses were descreased in eNOS-/- and were in the normal range in ET+/+eNOS-/- mice. Conclusion: eNOS-/- mice developed renal dysfunction, which was partially rescued by ET-1 overexpression in eNOS-/- mice. The metabolomics results suggest that ET-1 overexpression on top of eNOS knockout is associated with a functional recovery of mitochondria (rescue effect in β-oxidation of fatty acids and an increase in antioxidative properties (normalization of monounsaturated fatty acids levels.

  9. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase: From biochemistry and gene structure to clinical implications of NOS3 polymorphisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira-Paula, Gustavo H; Lacchini, Riccardo; Tanus-Santos, Jose E

    2016-01-10

    Nitric oxide (NO) is an important vasodilator with a well-established role in cardiovascular homeostasis. While mediator is synthesized from L-arginine by neuronal, endothelial, and inducible nitric oxide synthases (NOS1,NOS3 and NOS2 respectively), NOS3 is the most important isoform for NO formation in the cardiovascular system. NOS3 is a dimeric enzyme whose expression and activity are regulated at transcriptional, posttranscriptional,and posttranslational levels. The NOS3 gene, which encodes NOS3, exhibits a number of polymorphic sites including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs), microsatellites, and insertions/deletions. Some NOS3 polymorphisms show functional effects on NOS3 expression or activity, thereby affecting NO formation. Interestingly, many studies have evaluated the effects of functional NOS3 polymorphisms on disease susceptibility and drug responses. Moreover, some studies have investigated how NOS3 haplotypes may impact endogenous NO formation and disease susceptibility. In this article,we carried out a comprehensive review to provide a basic understanding of biochemical mechanisms involved in NOS3 regulation and how genetic variations in NOS3 may translate into relevant clinical and pharmacogenetic implications.

  10. Association of NOS2 and NOS3 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy in the Chinese Han population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Feng; Li, Yu-Mei; Yang, Lin-Qing; Zhong, Cai-Gao; Zhuang, Zhi-Xiong

    2016-07-01

    Inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene play important roles in the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present study aims to detect the potential association of NOS2 and NOS3 gene polymorphisms with the susceptibility toT2DM and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in the Chinese Han population. Four hundred and ninety T2DM patients and 485 healthy controls were enrolled in this case-control study. The genotypes of NOS2 and NOS3 gene polymorphisms were analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-ligase detection reaction (LDR) method. Our data demonstrated that the NOS2 rs2779248 and NOS2 rs1137933 genetic polymorphisms were significantly associated with the increased susceptibility to T2DM in the heterozygote comparison, dominant model, and allele contrast; and NOS3 rs3918188 genetic polymorphism was significantly associated with the increased susceptibility to T2DM in the homozygote comparison and recessive model. The allele-C and genotype-TC of NOS2 rs2779248, allele-A and genotype-GA of NOS2 rs1137933 and genotype-AA of NOS3 rs3918188 genetic polymorphisms might be the risk factors for increasing the susceptibility to T2DM. And a significant haplotype effect of NOS2 rs10459953/C- rs1137933/G- rs2779248/T was found between T2DM cases and controls. Moreover, NOS3 rs1800783 polymorphism was significantly associated with the increased susceptibility to DN in the heterozygote comparison, recessive model and allele contrast. At last, a positive correlation of family history of diabetes with NOS3 rs11771443 polymorphism was found in DN. These preliminary findings indicate that the NOS2 rs2779248, NOS2 rs1137933, and NOS3 rs3918188 genetic polymorphisms are potentially related to the susceptibility to T2DM, and the rs1800783 polymorphism might be considered as genetic risk factors for diabetic nephropathy, and family history of diabetes was closely associated with rs11771443 polymorphism in DN, and the

  11. La desambiguación de oraciones de relativo en gallego: Nueva evidencia de adjunción alta en lenguas romances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Acuña

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación sobre el procesamiento de oraciones ha puesto de manifiesto la importancia de obtener datos de lenguas diferentes al inglés (e.g., Cuetos y Mitchell, 1988. En el marco de la desambiguación de oraciones de relativo como Alguien disparó al criado de la actriz que estaba en el balcón, en la que tanto “la actriz” como “el criado” podrían ser los que “estaban en el balcón”, se han encontrado preferencias dispares en distintos idiomas. Así, en inglés parecen preferirse adjunciones bajas hacia el sintagma nominal más cercano (SN2, mientras que en lenguas como el español o el francés se prefieren adjunciones altas, es decir, hacia el sintagma nominal más lejano (SN1. En el caso de otras lenguas romances, portugués e italiano, los resultados son inciertos, pues algunos autores han encontrado preferencias por la adjunción baja mientras que otros lo han hecho por la adjunción alta. En la presente investigación se evalúan, a partir de un estudio de cuestionario y un experimento de lectura autoadministrada mediante ventana móvil, las preferencias estructurales de hablantes de gallego, una lengua con un estrecho parecido al espa��ol (preferencia hacia SN1 y al portugués (preferencia incierta. Los datos, los primeros en lengua gallega, indican, tanto en el estudio de cuestionario como en el estudio on-line, preferencias por las estructuras en las que la cláusula de relativo ambigua se adjunta alto en el marco sintagmático. Estos resultados son discutidos en relación con los principales modelos de procesamiento de oraciones y las preferencias encontradas en distintas lenguas.

  12. 金批«西厢»美学论%On Aesthetic Thought of Jin Shengtan’ s Comments on The Romance of West Chamber

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周锡山

    2013-01-01

    在全面论述金圣叹戏曲美学的基础上,着重论述其“天人合一”、“无和梦”、“通鬼神”和“文有魂”等观点。这些重要观点是以儒、道、佛三家的哲学结合其心得体会而论述的,故而取得了精深的成就。金批«西厢»的鉴赏论是针对普通读者的,艺术论是兼顾读者和作家的,美学论是针对文化修养高的欣赏者和作家诗人的;以上美学观点的阐发,则更是针对文化修养极高的鉴赏者和诗人作家的,高深而玄妙,需要长期反复学习、体会才能掌握。%Based on the comprehensive discussion on Jin Shengtan’ s opera aesthetics,the paper focuses on the theory that heaven-man integration,nature and literature creation, nothing and dream, intercommunion with supernatural beings, and the soul in the article. The above views are put forward with combination of Confucianism,Taoism and Buddhism and Jin’ s own stud-y,and accordingly,Jin made profound achievements. Jin’ s appreciation theory on The Romance of West Chamber is aimed at the common readers;his art theory is aimed at both readers and writers; and his aesthetics is aimed at writers and poets with great accomplishments. The paper holds that the explorations of the above aesthetics are aimed at appreciators, writers and poets with great accomplishments,which needs to be repeatedly and further studied.

  13. EFICIÊNCIA NOS MERCADOS FUTUROS AGROPECUÁRIOS BRASILEIROS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARCOS AURELIO RODRIGUES

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available ResumoObjetivou-se testar a hipótese de passeio aleatório a contratos futuros agropecuários negociados na BM&FBOVESPA. Refutá-la, significa possível previsibilidade e, por conseguinte, osmercados não seriamfracamente eficientes. Correlações seriais e testes de razão de variância foram utilizados para verificá-las. Os resultados deram suporte à hipótese de passeio aleatório nos mercados futuros de café e da soja, eficientes na forma fraca, e evidências contrárias foram encontradas nos mercados do boi gordo, milho e etanol.

  14. ANGIOTENSIN II DECREASES NOS3 EXPRESSION VIA NITRIC OXIDE AND SUPEROXIDE IN THE THICK ASCENDING LIMB

    OpenAIRE

    Ramseyer, Vanesa D.; Garvin, Jeffrey L.

    2008-01-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) produced by NO synthase type 3 (NOS3) in medullary thick ascending limbs (mTHALs) inhibits Cl− reabsorption. Acutely, angiotensin II stimulates THAL NO production. In endothelial cells NO inhibits NOS3 expression. Therefore, we hypothesized that angiotensin II decreases NOS3 expression via NO in mTHALs. After 24 hrs, 10 and 100 nmol/L angiotensin II decreased NOS3 expression by 23 ± 9% (n=6, p

  15. Participação nos Lucros ou Resultados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe Ferreira

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available A participação nos lucros ou resultados é uma forma de remuneração variável, pela qual não há incidência de encargos sociais, além de incentivar o aumento da produtividade, podendo assim ser utilizada pelas empresas como estratégia, para enfrentarem os desafios dinâmicos e competitivos em que atuam. Esta pesquisa caracteriza-se como sendo exploratória, com abordagem qualitativa e tem como objetivo conceituar e explanar as formas pela quais são praticadas a participação nos lucros ou resultados em empresas do setor alimentício em Santa Catarina, que foram escolhidas por meio do critério de acessibilidade e disponibilidade. Dos dados coletados, pode-se verificar que as empresas: COC Alimentos, Moinho Catarinense e Pepsico do Brasil utilizam a participação nos resultados e a Perdigão utiliza a participação mista. A Moinho Catarinense distribui para todos os empregados um salário nominal, como a CDC Alimentos, exceto para os gerentes. A Perdigão beneficia todos os empregados, sendo que 60% da distribuição é pelo lucro líquido e 40% por indicadores de desempenho. A Pepsico do Brasil distribui aos empregados operacionais 50% de um salário nominal e para os empregados da administração central um salário nominal, atrelado ao cumprimento de metas, especificadas no programa de participação nos lucros ou resultados.

  16. Ecocrítica e erotismo nos poemas de Magma

    OpenAIRE

    Santana, Patricia Maria dos Santos; UFRJ

    2013-01-01

    Olga Savary nos mostra, através da poesia registrada no livro Magma, que a força erótica e a interdependência do homem com a Natureza são fatores que regem seu trabalho criativo no que tange a valorização da mulher como um ser que tem domínio de seu próprio corpo e que sabe muito bem o que realmente quer. 

  17. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma: pleomorphic sarcoma NOS or pleomorphic fibrosarcoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meister, P

    2005-03-01

    The entity and nosology of pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is still ambiguous. The actual WHO-Classification uses pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) and pleomorphic sarcoma NOS (not otherwise specified) synonymously. On the other hand text and illustrations convey the impression, that these tumors also could be pleomorphic lipo-, leio- or rhabdomyosarcomas etc. It would have been more informative to emphasize, that with the above mentioned specific sarcoma types MFH-like appearance may occur. Furthermore it would have been more up to date to consider pleomorphic sarcomas NOS as pleomorphic fibrosarcomas and include them in the chapter of fibroblastic and myofibroblastic tumors. This concept already has been carried out for the former myxoid variant of MFH, nowadays preferentially called myxofibrosarcoma. There is controversial discussion about the clinical significance of exact typing of pleomorphic sarcomas. Problems may also occur due to the lack of standards, which degree of desmin expression signifies leiomyosarcoma or just indicates myofibroblasts in MFH. The requirement of exclusion of other tumor-types before diagnosing pleomorphic fibrosarcoma still remains obligatory. After verification of the diagnosis pleomorphic sarcoma NOS or pleomorphic fibrosarcoma, grading e.g. according to criteria of the FFCCS can be carried out. Most cases of pleomorphic fibrosarcoma will qualify as high grade malignant.

  18. Pragmatismo e os pragmáticos nos estudos organizacionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francis Kanashiro Meneghetti

    Full Text Available O objetivo central deste ensaio teórico é avaliar as contribuições do pragmatismo nos Estudos Organizacionais e, os específicos, avaliar se as contribuições teóricas de Charles Peirce e John Dewey possibilitam afirmar o pragmatismo como senso comum, ciência ou teoria do conhecimento; analisar as contribuições - possibilidadese limites - do pragmatismo como conhecimento científico; compreender os percursos do pragmatismo nos Estudos Organizacionais. Chaga-se a conclusão de que ser pragmático é diferente de conceber estudos articulados no campo epistemológico do pragmatismo. O sujeito pragmático vê na sua utilidade e na necessidade deação, o ponto de tensão que coloca em dúvida a veracidade dos pressupostos do pragmatismo como ciência. O que ocorre nos Estudos Organizacionais éa conversão do pragmatismo como conhecimento científico emsubordinação irracional à utilidade e à ação prática, sobretudo, no campo da economia, da política, da ciência, da cultura, da educação, e assim por diante.

  19. Neoplasmas em suínos: 37 casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana S. Brum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Neoplasmas em suínos são raros. Esse trabalho descreve os neoplasmas encontrados em suínos na rotina diagnóstica de um laboratório de patologia veterinária localizado na Região Central do Rio Grande do Sul. Durante um período de 49 anos, 2.266 casos de várias afecções em suínos foram encontrados, dos quais 37 (1,6% eram neoplasmas. Em ordem decrescente de frequência, os seguintes neoplasmas foram encontrados: Linfoma (11/37, nefroblastoma (11/37, melanoma (8/37 e papiloma (2/37. Adicionalmente, um caso de cada um dos seguintes tumores foi observado: Adenoma hepatocelular, carcinoma hepatocelular, colangiocarcinoma, histiocitoma fibroso maligno e sarcoma granulocítico. O aspecto macroscópico e histológico desses tumores é descrito e a sua epidemiologia é comparada com os dados disponíveis na literatura para neoplasia suína.

  20. Literature Review on Intimate Relationship in Tourism:Sex,Romance and Marriage%国外旅游亲密关系研究进展:性、浪漫、婚姻∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蔼恒; 孙九霞

    2016-01-01

    浪漫关系与性行为现象常见于各类旅游活动中,国外性旅游和浪漫旅游研究相对丰富。通过对国外旅游中的亲密关系研究进行综述,在解读亲密关系研究框架的基础上,从“性旅游:亲密关系中的利益交换”、“浪漫旅游与性旅游:亲密关系中的性别差异”和“主客婚姻:亲密关系中的最深程度”3个层面由浅而深地归纳目前旅游亲密关系的研究进展。通过综述发现,目前旅游中亲密关系的理论框架既不完善,又缺乏理论拓展和应用,研究对象局限于商业性的性旅游、短暂的亲密关系。以女性游客和同性恋者游客为主体的亲密关系研究开始出现,但旅游中单方受剥削和长期的亲密关系较少得到关注。%Within tourism activities,intimate relationships are ubiquitous,though which are seldom investigated by domestic aca-demics.Fruitful inquiries have been done by international researchers,who mainly focus on sex tourism and romance tourism. The paper summaries four frameworks for intimacy study in tourism research referring both sex tourism and romance tourism. Three dimensions,which respectively are binary benefit vs.explorative relationship,gender study and long term relationship, have been utilized to categorize recent researches,which are followed by the results that (1)Frameworks and theories are not ma-ture which are limitedly applied;(2)Commercial sexual relation and temporary intimacy took major part in sex and romance tourism research while long term relationship are seldom explored.(3 )Gender sensitive is one of important issue in sex and tourism research,within which topics focusing female tourist or homosexual tourist are emerging.(4)Explorative relationship is called for research.

  1. Exercise does not activate the β3 adrenergic receptor-eNOS pathway, but reduces inducible NOS expression to protect the heart of obese diabetic mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleindienst, Adrien; Battault, Sylvain; Belaidi, Elise; Tanguy, Stephane; Rosselin, Marie; Boulghobra, Doria; Meyer, Gregory; Gayrard, Sandrine; Walther, Guillaume; Geny, Bernard; Durand, Gregory; Cazorla, Olivier; Reboul, Cyril

    2016-07-01

    Obesity and diabetes are associated with higher cardiac vulnerability to ischemia-reperfusion (IR). The cardioprotective effect of regular exercise has been attributed to β3-adrenergic receptor (β3AR) stimulation and increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation. Here, we evaluated the role of the β3AR-eNOS pathway and NOS isoforms in exercise-induced cardioprotection of C57Bl6 mice fed with high fat and sucrose diet (HFS) for 12 weeks and subjected or not to exercise training during the last 4 weeks (HFS-Ex). HFS animals were more sensitive to in vivo and ex vivo IR injuries than control (normal diet) and HFS-Ex mice. Cardioprotection in HFS-Ex mice was not associated with increased myocardial eNOS activation and NO metabolites storage, possibly due to the β3AR-eNOS pathway functional loss in their heart. Indeed, a selective β3AR agonist (BRL37344) increased eNOS activation and had a protective effect against IR in control, but not in HFS hearts. Moreover, iNOS expression, nitro-oxidative stress (protein s-nitrosylation and nitrotyrosination) and ROS production during early reperfusion were increased in HFS, but not in control mice. Exercise normalized iNOS level and reduced protein s-nitrosylation, nitrotyrosination and ROS production in HFS-Ex hearts during early reperfusion. The iNOS inhibitor 1400 W reduced in vivo infarct size in HFS mice to control levels, supporting the potential role of iNOS normalization in the cardioprotective effects of exercise training in HFS-Ex mice. Although the β3AR-eNOS pathway is defective in the heart of HFS mice, regular exercise can protect their heart against IR by reducing iNOS expression and nitro-oxidative stress.

  2. Comparison of iNOS inhibition by antisense and pharmacological inhibitors after spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearse, D D; Chatzipanteli, K; Marcillo, A E; Bunge, M B; Dietrich, W D

    2003-11-01

    Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is a key mediator of inflammation during pathological conditions. We examined, through the use of selective iNOS inhibitors, the role of iNOS in specific pathophysiological processes after spinal cord injury (SCI), including astrogliosis, blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) permeability, polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration, and neuronal cell death. Administration of iNOS antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) (intraspinally at 3 h) or the pharmacological inhibitors, N-[3(Aminomethyl) benzyl] acetamidine (1400 W) (i.v./i.p. 3 and 9 h) or aminoguanidine (i.p. at 3 and 9 h) after moderate contusive injury decreased the number of iNOS immunoreactive cells at the injury site by 65.6% (iNOS ASOs), 62.1% (1400 W), or 59% (aminoguanidine) 24 h postinjury. iNOS activity was reduced 81.8% (iNOS ASOs), 56.7% (1400 W), or 67.9% (aminoguanidine) at this time. All iNOS inhibitors reduced the degree of BSCB disruption (plasma leakage of rat immunoglobulins), with iNOS ASO inhibition being more effective (reduced by 58%). Neutrophil accumulation within the injury site was significantly reduced by iNOS ASOs and 1400 W by 78.8% and 20.9%, respectively. Increased astrogliosis was diminished with iNOS ASOs but enhanced following aminoguanidine. Detection of necrotic and apoptotic neuronal cell death by propidium iodide and an FITC-conjugated Annexin V antibody showed that iNOS inhibition could significantly retard neuronal cell death rostral and caudal to the injury site. These novel findings indicate that acute inhibition of iNOS is beneficial in reducing several pathophysiological processes after SCI. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the antisense inhibition of iNOS is more efficacious than currently available pharmacological agents.

  3. Palavras de honra : um estudo acerca da honorabilidade na sociedade sul-rio-grandense do século XIX, a partir dos romances de Caldre Fião

    OpenAIRE

    Remedi, José Martinho Rodrigues

    2011-01-01

    Este é um estudo da representação da honra na sociedade sul-rio-grandense do século XIX a partir de obra romanesca. Analisa os romances de José Antônio do Vale Caldre e Fião: A Divina Pastora, de 1847, e O Corsário, de 1849. A análise das obras foi orientada pelos aportes teóricos da antropologia cultural, para o conceito de honra, e da nova história cultural, para a conceituação das representações sociais. Foram selecionados episódios das narrativas romanescas em que a honra estava em foco: ...

  4. O Romance e seu Direito ao Grito: mímesis e representação em a hora da estrela e a rainha dos cárceres da Grécia

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Edson Soares

    2010-01-01

    Este trabalho propõe um estudo dos romances A hora da estrela, de Clarice Lispector, e A rainha dos cárceres da Grécia, de Osman Lins, à luz da contribuição de dois conceitos que, freqüentemente, são empregados em campos de significação muito próximos: mímesis e representação. A primeira parte do texto contém dois capítulos, dedicados a estes dois conceitos. No primeiro capítulo, a pesquisa busca em Platão e Aristóteles as raízes da mímesis como conceito e deságua, por fim, ...

  5. O pacto fraterno e a aliança nacional : análise dos romances Esaú e Jacó (Machado de Assis) e Dois irmãos (Milton Hatoum)

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Mariana Rocha Santos

    2010-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo a discussão da representação literária do pacto fraterno e a forma como este se configura enquanto simbologia da aliança nacional. Tomando como ponto de partida o enredo bíblico de Esaú e Jacó, irmãos gêmeos que se digladiam no contexto familiar, pretende-se analisar de que forma os romances Esaú e Jacó, de Machado de Assis e Dois Irmãos, escrito por Milton Hatoum se apropriam desse motivo para comentar os conflitos nacionais, em épocas distintas da histó...

  6. “A romance interspersed with pieces of poetry” : la citation poétique et les marges sublimes du discours dans les romans d’Ann Radcliffe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre CARBONI

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available La réputation d’Ann Radcliffe et la fortune critique de son œuvre se fondent essentiellement sur son talent de romancière et sur le caractère gothique prêté à ses romans. Cependant, à la différence de son illustre prédécesseur, Horace Walpole, qui inaugurait une nouvelle typologie romanesque en sous-titrant The Castle of Otranto (1764 A Gothic Story, Radcliffe choisit plutôt de mettre l’accent sur la composante poétique de ses récits. Après une première œuvre, The Castles of Athlin and Dunba...

  7. Linguistic constructions of appraisal in the novel The Picture Of Dorian Gray and its Brazilian translation and adaptations: an exploratory analysis Construções linguísticas de avaliatividade no romance The Picture of Dorian Gray e em sua tradução e adaptações para o português brasileiro: uma análise exploratória

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adail Sebastião Rodrigues-Júnior

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate how the linguistic elements of appraisal construe the evaluative representations of (gay literary characters in the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray and in its Brazilian translation and adaptations. The centrality of the investigation is the narrator's voice, imprinted in the projecting verbal processes and the content of the message that constitute either the narrative point of view or the dialogues performed by the characters. To pursue this objective, we have adopted Martin's and White's (2005 appraisal model, employed to uncover linguistic resources that express attitudes towards events and people, with more or less intensity or graduation, and with different forms of commitment or engagement. The software program WordSmith Tools, more specifically the Aligner utility, served as the basis for selecting and organizing some extracts of the original novel comparatively with the same extracts of the translation and adaptations. The analyses have indicated that the narrator offered the vast majority of evaluative descriptions of femininity, which points to the importance of narrative point of view for the construing of the plot and for the establishment of ideological standpoints. The discussion has also shown several differences of evaluative linguistic choices in the translation and adaptations when compared to the original, demonstrating that the corpora do not fall within the boundaries of a strict linguistic correspondence, but rather within the limits of text recreation or rewriting.Este artigo tem como objetivo investigar como os elementos linguísticos de avaliatividade constroem os personagens (gays no romance The Picture of Dorian Gray e em sua tradução e adaptações para o português brasileiro. A base da análise localiza-se na voz narrativa, presente nos processos verbais projetantes e no conteúdo da mensagem que constitui tanto o ponto de vista narrativo quanto os diálogos dos personagens. Para a

  8. Fluorinated indazoles as novel selective inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS): synthesis and biological evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claramunt, Rosa M; López, Concepción; Pérez-Medina, Carlos; Pérez-Torralba, Marta; Elguero, José; Escames, Germaine; Acuña-Castroviejo, Darío

    2009-09-01

    In order to find new compounds with neuroprotective activity and NOS-I/NOS-II selectivity, we have designed, synthesized, and characterized 14 new NOS inhibitors with an indazole structure. The first group corresponds to 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroindazoles (4-8), the second to the N-methyl derivatives (9-12) of 7-nitro-1H-indazole (1) and 3-bromo-7-nitro-1H-indazole (2), and the latter to 4,5,6,7-tetrafluoroindazoles (13-17). Compound 13 (4,5,6,7-tetrafluoro-3-methyl-1H-indazole) inhibited NOS-I by 63% and NOS-II by 83%. Interestingly, compound 16 (4,5,6,7-tetrafluoro-3-perfluorophenyl-1H-indazole) inhibited NOS-II activity by 80%, but it did not affect to NOS-I activity. Structural comparison between these new indazoles further supports the importance of the aromatic indazole skeleton for NOS inhibition and indicate that bulky groups or N-methylation of 1 and 2 diminish their effect on NOS activity. The fluorination of the aromatic ring increased the inhibitory potency and NOS-II selectivity, suggesting that this is a promising strategy for NOS selective inhibitors.

  9. The Influence of Romance in Ming Dynasty on Romantic Novels Afterwards%明代小说中的“言情”对后世言情文学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春燕; 湛芬

    2011-01-01

    "Romance" is indispensable in fiterary works. As a representative for an age, romance has been greatly embodied in Ming novels, and its special and rich content has great influence on Chinese romantic literature in the later generations. The study of romance in Ming novels helps us not only understand the Ming dynasty from a new perspective but also have an overview of the historical development of Chinese romantic literature. Furthermore, we can observe the process of transformation of female images in literary works which has certain cultural and aesthetic meaning.%“言情”一直是文学作品不可缺失的内容。作为以小说为文学代表的时代,言情在明代小说中有很大程度的体现,它所具有的特殊而又丰富的内容对中国后世的言情文学有很大的影响。研究明小说中的言情,不仅可以让我们从一个新的角度了解明代小说,而且可以全面把握中国言情文学的发展历史以及它所具有的特点,也可以从一个侧面看出女性形象在文学作品的转变过程,具有一定的文化和审美意义。

  10. 现代言情小说与社会小说整合的诱因与形态%Inducements and Forms of Modern Romance Novels and Social Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙子雅

    2014-01-01

    20世纪上半叶,我国的通俗小说快速发展,当时的主流言情小说和社会小说都已发展成熟并实现了合流,这其中既有文化生态、读者群、作家群变化的诱因,又有新文学、西方文学的影响因素。合流之后的社会言情小说在创作模式、小说主题、人物形象等方面都呈现出自己独特的形态。本文针对社会小说与言情小说整合的诱因与整合之后的形态进行一些探究。%In the first half of the 20th century,the popular novels of our country experienced a rapid develop-ment.As the mainstream,romance novels and social novels became mature and realized confluence at that time.It not only had incentives such as cultural ecology, readers and the change of the authors, but also influencing factors of new literature and western literature.Social romantic novels present its own unique forms in many aspects such as creation modes, theme of novels, characters and so on.This paper explores the inducements for integration of romance novels and social novels and the forms after their integration.

  11. 从《镜花缘》中的“第”字谈其用法及发展演变%Usage and Development of the Chinese Word Di in the Romance of the Mirrored Flowers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张璐萍

    2014-01-01

    《镜花缘》是清代著名学者李汝珍的著名长篇小说,成书于《红楼梦》和《儿女英雄传》之间,是研究近代汉语及其发展流变的重要语料。通过对《镜花缘》中的“第”字的分析,了解“第”字在这篇小说中的主要用法和古汉语大致一致。并通过与同时期语料和现代汉语对比,探求“第”字在这一时期用法的特殊性,并把握其大致的发展脉络以及部分意义消失的原因。%As a famous novel appeared in the Qing dynasty in China ,Romance of the Mirrored Flowers ( Jinghuayuan) is one of the most important language datum in the study of present day Chinese language .This paper mainly analyzed the Chinese word Di used in Romance of the Mirrored Flowers (Jinghuayuan),It found that the main usage of the word Di in this novel is roughly the same as the usage in ancient Chinese language .The special usage , the development context and the part of disappeared meaning of the word Di(第) in that time are analyzed in the paper .

  12. A RELAÇÃO DE PODER E A ORDEM DO DISCURSO NO ROMANCE BALADA DE AMOR AO VENTO DE PAULINA CHIZIANE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Raúl González Gutiérrez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar e refletir a relação do poder e a ordem do discurso no romance Balada de Amor ao vento de Paulina Chiziane e sua relação com as teorias contemporâneas francesas de Michael Foucault, indagando sobre a relação entre o poder e as formas de legitimar o controle do discurso entre a realidade retratada do Moçambique Pós-colonial. Assim como o encontro entre o poder e a variante de gênero, raça/etnia e corpo. A relação entre o feminino e sua sujeição ao discurso ligado à tradição religiosa e cultural que permeia a nação. Discute-se sobre a participação da mulher na sociedade africana e a poligamia como forma vigente de tradição das tribos do sul de Moçambique e o encontro entre a dicotomia tradição/sujeição, poder/gênero em contextos patriarcais e de manutenção do machismo como discurso vigente da contemporaneidade. Analisa as formas de tradição das sociedades de discurso como eixo articulador de disciplinarização do corpo e do comportamento social ligada à representação de homem e mulher e de masculino e feminino. O trabalho é dividido em três tópicos que nortearão a compreensão do leitor, começando com uma breve biografia da autora, seguindo da articulação da sua obra com a teoria foucaultiana e a obra “A ordem do discurso” para assim continuar com a relação e interligação teórica dos dois autores. Finalizando-se, portanto, com a reflexão do contexto africano e os discursos vigentes de repressão e de controle no feminino, a análise entre a legitimação do poder e sua evidência na obra a ser comparada. Para sua elaboração, se fez necessária a pesquisa bibliográfica de autores como CHIZIANE (2003, FOUCAULT (1996, MACEDO (2007 MATA (2000 SANTANA (2005, que questionam a relação de poder em contextos africanos e a reflexão de fenômenos que instigam o poder e o controle sobre a mulher.

  13. A estética e a epistemologia do romance: uma proposta de leitura constituída de sensibilidade e entendimento

    OpenAIRE

    Paulino, Itamar Rodrigues

    2015-01-01

     O maior desafio desta temática é o de buscar os fundamentos estéticos, necessários e justificadores, que permitam um olhar mais epistemológico sobre uma determinada obra literária. Logo de pronto, o desafio de juntar estética, enquanto experiência táctil, e epistemologia, enquanto entendimento sobre determinado fenômeno, pareceu-nos uma empreitada com percalços fortes e, talvez intransponíveis. Neste sentido, vincular epistemologia à estética exige debate bastante rigoroso sobre como se dá a...

  14. Suppression of eNOS-derived superoxide by caveolin-1: a biopterin-dependent mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karuppiah, Kanchana; Druhan, Lawrence J; Chen, Chun-an; Smith, Travis; Zweier, Jay L; Sessa, William C; Cardounel, Arturo J

    2011-09-01

    In the vasculature, nitric oxide (NO) is generated by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in a calcium/calmodulin-dependent reaction. In the absence of the requisite eNOS cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)), NADPH oxidation is uncoupled from NO generation, leading to the production of superoxide. Although this phenomenon is apparent with purified enzyme, cellular studies suggest that formation of the BH(4) oxidation product, dihydrobiopterin, is the molecular trigger for eNOS uncoupling rather than BH(4) depletion alone. In the current study, we investigated the effects of both BH(4) depletion and oxidation on eNOS-derived superoxide production in endothelial cells in an attempt to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating eNOS oxidase activity. Results demonstrated that pharmacological depletion of endothelial BH(4) does not result in eNOS oxidase activity, whereas BH(4) oxidation gave rise to significant eNOS-oxidase activity. These findings suggest that the endothelium possesses regulatory mechanisms, which prevent eNOS oxidase activity from pterin-free eNOS. Using a combination of gene silencing and pharmacological approaches, we demonstrate that eNOS-caveolin-1 association is increased under conditions of reduced pterin bioavailability and that this sequestration serves to suppress eNOS uncoupling. Using small interfering RNA approaches, we demonstrate that caveolin-1 gene silencing increases eNOS oxidase activity to 85% of that observed under conditions of BH(4) oxidation. Moreover, when caveolin-1 silencing was combined with a pharmacological inhibitor of AKT, BH(4) depletion increased eNOS-derived superoxide to 165% of that observed with BH(4) oxidation. This study identifies a critical role of caveolin-1 in the regulation of eNOS uncoupling and provides new insight into the mechanisms through which disease-associated changes in caveolin-1 expression may contribute to endothelial dysfunction.

  15. Using a Professional Development Program for Enhancing Chilean Biology Teachers' Understanding of Nature of Science (NOS) and Their Perceptions about Using History of Science to Teach NOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavez, José M.; Vergara, Claudia A.; Santibañez, David; Cofré, Hernán

    2016-01-01

    A number of authors have recognized the importance of understanding the nature of science (NOS) for scientific literacy. Different instructional strategies such as decontextualized, hands-on inquiry, and history of science (HOS) activities have been proposed for teaching NOS. This article seeks to understand the contribution of HOS in enhancing…

  16. Influence of intravascular low level He-Ne laser irradiation on iNOS, total-NOS, and ET-1 in acute spinal cord-injured rabbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Zhenchun; Dong, Yinghai; Zhu, Jing

    2005-07-01

    Objective To research the influence of intravascular low level Laser irradiation (ILLLI) on total NOS, iNOS, and ET-1 in spinal cord following acute spinal cord injury (ASCI), and discuss the protective effects of ILLLI on neurons .Methods 72 rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups: treatment group, injury group and control group. In treatment group and injury group, after laminectomy at the level of T-13, ASCI was performed by using Allen"s method with slight modification (6g×10cm) on rabbits. After injury, rabbits were treated immediately with He-Ne laser (power 5 mW, 1 hour per day for 10 days). At the day of 10th after treatment, total-NOS, iNOS, and ET-1 in spinal cord tissues were measured. Results The expression level of total-NOS, iNOS, and ET-1 in spinal cord in injury group were significantly higher than those in control group (Pspinal cord. It indicates that ILLLI can relieve the overexpression of total-NOS, iNOS, and ET-1 ,and thus can perform protective effects on neurons in the course of secondary spinal cord injury (SSCI) following ASCI

  17. Using a Professional Development Program for Enhancing Chilean Biology Teachers' Understanding of Nature of Science (NOS) and Their Perceptions about Using History of Science to Teach NOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavez, José M.; Vergara, Claudia A.; Santibañez, David; Cofré, Hernán

    2016-01-01

    A number of authors have recognized the importance of understanding the nature of science (NOS) for scientific literacy. Different instructional strategies such as decontextualized, hands-on inquiry, and history of science (HOS) activities have been proposed for teaching NOS. This article seeks to understand the contribution of HOS in enhancing…

  18. Arquitectura nos videojogos: espaço, narrativa e gameplay.

    OpenAIRE

    Piteira, José Pedro Subtil Lopes

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado Integrado em Arquitetura Os videojogos tem-se revelado uma área em exponencial evolução nos últimos anos. Uma área que tem criado, também, uma estreita relação com a arquitetura quer sob o ponto de vista do seu processo de conceção quer sob o ponto de vista da necessidade de criar espaços habitáveis. Principalmente desde que a experiência dos lugares passou a afetar e a integrar, organicamente tanto a narrativa como o universo criado para cada videojogo, tornando-se as...

  19. Pronounced hypothermic synergy between systemic baclofen and NOS inhibitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rawls, Scott M; Baron, David A; Gomez, Teresa; Jacobs, Kyle; Tallarida, Ronald J

    2004-10-19

    Baclofen was administered to rats systemically (intraperitoneal, i.p.) by itself or with L-NAME. Baclofen (1-7.5 mg/kg, i.p.) evoked dose-dependent hypothermia. L-NAME (50 mg/kg, i.p.) was ineffective. For combined administration, L-NAME increased the relative potency of baclofen (F=10.77, p<0.05), indicating multiplicative interaction and synergism. The present data reveal a surprising and significant interaction between nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and baclofen-induced hypothermia.

  20. Medo de que? : uma historia do horror nos filmes brasileiros

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Loguercio Canepa

    2008-01-01

    Resumo: Neste trabalho, examinam-se as manifestações do gênero horror nos longas-metragens sonoros brasileiros realizados entre 1937 e 2007, elaborando-se um panorama histórico desses filmes, desde os primeiros registros cinematográficos deste gênero de ficção no cinema nacional até os mais recentes, e propondo-se um modelo descritivo para as configurações do horror ficcional no cinema brasileiro. Para isso, partiu-se dos estudos de gêneros cinematográficos, de história do cinema mundial e de...

  1. Colonialismo e nacionalismo nos escritos de Marx sobre a Irlanda

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Afonso da Silva

    2013-01-01

    Esta pesquisa tem como objeto a reflexão de Marx sobre o tema do colonialismo conduzido por países capitalistas ou, mais concretamente, pelo país capitalista que dominava o maior império colonial à época, a Inglaterra. De modo ainda mais específico, a pesquisa concentra-se nos escritos de Marx sobre a Irlanda. Esses escritos são examinados contra o pano de fundo de um conjunto mais amplo de escritos de Marx em torno do impacto do colonialismo britânico, expondo as contínuas reavaliações e rev...

  2. Nitrotyrosinylation, remodeling and endothelial-myocyte uncoupling in iNOS, cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) knockouts and iNOS/CBS double knockout mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundu, Soumi; Kumar, Munish; Sen, Utpal; Mishra, Paras K; Tyagi, Neetu; Metreveli, Naira; Lominadze, David; Rodriguez, Walter; Tyagi, Suresh C

    2009-01-01

    Increased levels of homocysteine (Hcy), recognized as hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), were associated with cardiovascular diseases. There was controversy regarding the detrimental versus cardio protective role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in ischemic heart disease. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the Hcy generated nitrotyrosine by inducing the endothelial nitric oxide synthase, causing endothelial-myocyte (E-M) coupling. To differentiate the role of iNOS versus constitutive nitric oxide synthase (eNOS and nNOS) in Hcy-mediated nitrotyrosine generation and matrix remodeling in cardiac dysfunction, left ventricular (LV) tissue was analyzed from cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) heterozygote knockout, iNOS homozygote knockout, CBS-/+/iNOS-/- double knockout, and wild-type (WT) mice. The levels of nitrotyrosine, MMP-2 and -9 (zymographic analysis), and fibrosis (by trichrome stain) were measured. The endothelial-myocyte function was determined in cardiac rings. In CBS-/+ mice, homocysteine was elevated and in iNOS-/- mice, nitric oxide was significantly reduced. The nitrotyrosine and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) levels were elevated in double knockout and CBS-/+ as compared to WT mice. Although MMP-2 levels were similar in CBS-/+, iNOS-/-, and CBS-/+/iNOS-/-, the levels were three- to fourfold higher than WT. The levels of collagen were similar in CBS-/+ and iNOS-/-, but they were threefold higher than WT. Interesting, the levels of collagen increased sixfold in double knockouts, compared to WT, suggesting synergism between high Hcy and lack of iNOS. Left ventricular hypertrophy was exaggerated in the iNOS-/- and double knockout, and mildly increased in the CBS-/+, compared to WT mice. The endothelial-dependent relaxation was attenuated to the same extent in the CBS-/+ and iNOS-/-, compared to WT, but it was robustly blunted in double knockouts. The results concluded that homocysteine generated nitrotyrosine in the vicinity of

  3. Adaptive Runge-Kutta integration for stiff systems: Comparing Nosé and Nosé-Hoover dynamics for the harmonic oscillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham Hoover, William; Clinton Sprott, Julien; Griswold Hoover, Carol

    2016-10-01

    We describe the application of adaptive (variable time step) integrators to stiff differential equations encountered in many applications. Linear harmonic oscillators subject to nonlinear thermal constraints can exhibit either stiff or smooth dynamics. Two closely related examples, Nosé's dynamics and Nosé-Hoover dynamics, are both based on Hamiltonian mechanics and generate microstates consistent with Gibbs' canonical ensemble. Nosé's dynamics is stiff and can present severe numerical difficulties. Nosé-Hoover dynamics, although it follows exactly the same trajectory, is smooth and relatively trouble-free. We emphasize the power of adaptive integrators to resolve stiff problems such as the Nosé dynamics for the harmonic oscillator. The solutions also illustrate the power of computer graphics to enrich numerical solutions.

  4. El libro-recluso. Las bibliotecas en el sistema penitenciario chileno actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ariel Rementería Piñones

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article’s main objective is to present the state of library organizations Chilean prisons in the period 2010-2012, through basic quantitative indicators. The study identifies and describes three types of library organizations; Libraries, Learning Resource Centers CRA and finally Collections. The results of the study suggest that there are privileged and inmates have access to libraries and represent 12.1% of the prisons. The 62.6 % of the units of the Chilean prison system library services have at least basic, for its population. As for the staff in charge of the library organizations 19.3% are librarians however, 68.4 % of these organizations are run by a professional, whether librarian or teacher. The current Chilean law does not consider the existence of library services in criminal and therefore the foundation and maintenance of libraries or similar institutions depend wills of the relevant authorities.

  5. Zinc regulates iNOS-derived nitric oxide formation in endothelial cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam M. Cortese-Krott

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aberrant production of nitric oxide (NO by inducible NO synthase (iNOS has been implicated in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. Mechanisms responsible for the fine-tuning of iNOS activity in inflammation are still not fully understood. Zinc is an important structural element of NOS enzymes and is known to inhibit its catalytical activity. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of zinc on iNOS activity and expression in endothelial cells. We found that zinc down-regulated the expression of iNOS (mRNA+protein and decreased cytokine-mediated activation of the iNOS promoter. Zinc-mediated regulation of iNOS expression was due to inhibition of NF-κB transactivation activity, as determined by a decrease in both NF-κB-driven luciferase reporter activity and expression of NF-κB target genes, including cyclooxygenase 2 and IL-1β. However, zinc did not affect NF-κB translocation into the nucleus, as assessed by Western blot analysis of nuclear and cytoplasmic fractions. Taken together our results demonstrate that zinc limits iNOS-derived high output NO production in endothelial cells by inhibiting NF-κB-dependent iNOS expression, pointing to a role of zinc as a regulator of iNOS activity in inflammation.

  6. Zinc regulates iNOS-derived nitric oxide formation in endothelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortese-Krott, Miriam M; Kulakov, Larissa; Opländer, Christian; Kolb-Bachofen, Victoria; Kröncke, Klaus-D; Suschek, Christoph V

    2014-01-01

    Aberrant production of nitric oxide (NO) by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. Mechanisms responsible for the fine-tuning of iNOS activity in inflammation are still not fully understood. Zinc is an important structural element of NOS enzymes and is known to inhibit its catalytical activity. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of zinc on iNOS activity and expression in endothelial cells. We found that zinc down-regulated the expression of iNOS (mRNA+protein) and decreased cytokine-mediated activation of the iNOS promoter. Zinc-mediated regulation of iNOS expression was due to inhibition of NF-κB transactivation activity, as determined by a decrease in both NF-κB-driven luciferase reporter activity and expression of NF-κB target genes, including cyclooxygenase 2 and IL-1β. However, zinc did not affect NF-κB translocation into the nucleus, as assessed by Western blot analysis of nuclear and cytoplasmic fractions. Taken together our results demonstrate that zinc limits iNOS-derived high output NO production in endothelial cells by inhibiting NF-κB-dependent iNOS expression, pointing to a role of zinc as a regulator of iNOS activity in inflammation.

  7. A sociologia funcionalista nos estudos organizacionais: foco em Durkheim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Cabral

    Full Text Available O tema que estrutura este ensaio é o da sociologia funcionalista, particularmente em termos de sua influência nos estudos organizacionais. O seu foco de análise é duplo. Em um primeiro momento, as obras de Durkheim. Em um segundo momento, o impacto e a supremacia dos enfoques funcionalistas nos estudos organizacionais. Embora seus segmentos estejam inter-relacionados, ele é composto de quatro partes. Na primeira, é feita uma análise histórica da emergência e sistematização das ciências sociais, de modo a traçar sua evolução até o surgimento dos trabalhos de Durkheim. Na segunda, tomando como referencial a obra de Burrell e Morgan (1979, é estudado o paradigma funcionalista em termos de sua origem e expoentes, com destaque para Comte e Spencer, visando chegar a uma compreensão inicial do pensamento de Durkheim e de sua sociologia. Na terceira, a vida e as principais obras de Durkheim são sumariadas e discutidas. Por fim, o status atual dos estudos organizacionais -vistos como um conjunto impreciso, elástico e eclético de teorias e pesquisas sociais voltados para os problemas das organizações -é analisado em termos de seus pressupostos epistemológicos e ontológicos subjacentes, como meio de explicitar a supremacia dos enfoques positivistas-funcionalistas.

  8. Paraphilia NOS, nonconsent: not ready for the courtroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frances, Allen; First, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Sexually violent predators (SVP) constitute a serious potential risk to public safety, especially when they are released after too short a prison sentence. Twenty states and the federal government have developed a seemingly convenient way to reduce this risk. They have passed statutes that allow for the involuntary (often lifetime) psychiatric commitment of mentally disordered sexual offenders after prison time is up. In three separate cases, the Supreme Court has accepted the constitutionality of this procedure, but only if the offender's dangerousness is caused by a mental disorder and is not a manifestation of simple criminality. The idea that paraphilic rape should be an official category in the psychiatric diagnostic manual has been explicitly rejected by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-III, DSM-III-R, DSM-IV, and, recently, DSM-5. Despite this, paraphilia NOS, nonconsent, is still frequently used by mental health evaluators in SVP cases to provide a mental disorder diagnosis that legitimizes psychiatric commitment and makes it appear constitutional. This commentary will show how the diagnosis paraphilia NOS, nonconsent, is based on a fundamental misreading of the original intent of the DSM-IV Paraphilia Workgroup and represents a misuse of psychiatry, all in the admittedly good cause of protecting public safety.

  9. Exercise-induced cardioprotection: a role for eNOS uncoupling and NO metabolites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farah, C; Kleindienst, A; Bolea, G; Meyer, G; Gayrard, S; Geny, B; Obert, P; Cazorla, O; Tanguy, S; Reboul, Cyril

    2013-11-01

    Exercise is an efficient strategy for myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Although endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is phosphorylated and activated during exercise, its role in exercise-induced cardioprotection remains unknown. This study investigated whether modulation of eNOS activation during IR could participate in the exercise-induced cardioprotection against IR injury. Hearts isolated from sedentary or exercised rats (5 weeks training) were perfused with a Langendorff apparatus and IR performed in the presence or absence of NOS inhibitors [N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, L-NAME or N5-(1-iminoethyl)-L-ornithine, L-NIO] or tetrahydrobiopterin (BH₄). Exercise training protected hearts against IR injury and this effect was abolished by L-NAME or by L-NIO treatment, indicating that exercise-induced cardioprotection is eNOS dependent. However, a strong reduction of eNOS phosphorylation at Ser1177 (eNOS-PSer1177) and of eNOS coupling during early reperfusion was observed in hearts from exercised rats (which showed higher eNOS-PSer1177 and eNOS dimerization at baseline) in comparison to sedentary rats. Despite eNOS uncoupling, exercised hearts had more S-nitrosylated proteins after early reperfusion and also less nitro-oxidative stress, indexed by lower malondialdehyde content and protein nitrotyrosination compared to sedentary hearts. Moreover, in exercised hearts, stabilization of eNOS dimers by BH4 treatment increased nitro-oxidative stress and then abolished the exercise-induced cardioprotection, indicating that eNOS uncoupling during IR is required for exercise-induced myocardial cardioprotection. Based on these results, we hypothesize that in the hearts of exercised animals, eNOS uncoupling associated with the improved myocardial antioxidant capacity prevents excessive NO synthesis and limits the reaction between NO and O₂·- to form peroxynitrite (ONOO⁻), which is cytotoxic.

  10. Expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in microglia of the developing quail retina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierra, Ana; Navascués, Julio; Cuadros, Miguel A; Calvente, Ruth; Martín-Oliva, David; Ferrer-Martín, Rosa M; Martín-Estebané, María; Carrasco, María-Carmen; Marín-Teva, José L

    2014-01-01

    Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which produce large amounts of nitric oxide (NO), is induced in macrophages and microglia in response to inflammatory mediators such as LPS and cytokines. Although iNOS is mainly expressed by microglia that become activated in different pathological and experimental situations, it was recently reported that undifferentiated amoeboid microglia can also express iNOS during normal development. The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern of iNOS expression in microglial cells during normal development and after their activation with LPS by using the quail retina as model. iNOS expression was analyzed by iNOS immunolabeling, western-blot, and RT-PCR. NO production was determined by using DAR-4M AM, a reliable fluorescent indicator of subcellular NO production by iNOS. Embryonic, postnatal, and adult in situ quail retinas were used to analyze the pattern of iNOS expression in microglial cells during normal development. iNOS expression and NO production in LPS-treated microglial cells were investigated by an in vitro approach based on organotypic cultures of E8 retinas, in which microglial cell behavior is similar to that of the in situ retina, as previously demonstrated in our laboratory. We show here that amoeboid microglia in the quail retina express iNOS during normal development. This expression is stronger in microglial cells migrating tangentially in the vitreal part of the retina and is downregulated, albeit maintained, when microglia differentiate and become ramified. LPS treatment of retina explants also induces changes in the morphology of amoeboid microglia compatible with their activation, increasing their lysosomal compartment and upregulating iNOS expression with a concomitant production of NO. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that immature microglial cells express iNOS during normal development, suggesting a certain degree of activation. Furthermore, LPS treatment induces overactivation of amoeboid

  11. Compensatory lung growth in NOS3 knockout mice suggests synthase isoform redundancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokall, Stefan; Maldonado, Arturo R; Klanke, Charles A; Katayama, Shuichi; Morris, Lee M; Vuletin, Jose F; Lim, Foong-Yen; Crombleholme, Timothy M

    2012-04-01

    Nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) produces nitric oxide (NO) in endothelial cells, which stimulates cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production and thereby mediates pulmonary vasodilation. Inhibition of cGMP enzymatic cleavage by sildenafil might be involved in lung growth stimulating processes in pulmonary hypoplasia. The aim of this study was to discover insights into the transcriptional regulation of NOS3 in a mouse model of compensatory lung growth (CLG). CLG was studied in wild type animals (WT) and NOS3 knockout mice (NOS3-/-) by dry weight, DNA, and protein quantification as well as relative quantification of NOS mRNA. All assessments were done on adult female mice, 10 days after left pneumonectomy (PNX) or sham thoracotomy. Weight ratios of right NOS3-/- lungs were no different than controls. There was a compensatory increase in DNA and a noncompensating increase in protein ratios in NOS3-/- mice compared with controls. Pharmacological knockdown with the pan-NOS inhibitor l-NAME (nitro-arginine methyl ester) reduced CLG by only 8% compared with the d-NAME treated control mice. Relative quantification of lung mRNA revealed no up-regulation of NOS3 expression in WT lungs after PNX, but NOS3-/- lungs showed a 2.6-fold higher inducible NOS2 expression compared with shams. These data suggest that NOS3 loss of function alone does not impair CLG in mice, possibly because of redundancy mechanisms involving NOS2. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  12. Coupled Nosé-Hoover lattice: A set of the Nosé-Hoover equations with different temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuda, Ikuo

    2016-07-01

    A simple scheme was presented to couple any number of the Nosé-Hoover equations with different heat-bath temperatures. In general, several practical procedures can be considered to realize such a coupling, where the system is under nonequilibrium. However, the current scheme provides an equilibrium distribution, namely, a smooth invariant measure for the present system. This is attained by a very simple idea, that is, a force scaling. The current scheme realizes coupled differential equations, analogous to coupled maps. Its theoretical possibilities, mathematical framework, and practical utilities are discussed. Numerical validations applying the method to a simple two-oscillator system are provided.

  13. Methylene Blue Attenuates iNOS Induction Through Suppression of Transcriptional Factor Binding Amid iNOS mRNA Transcription.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chao; Tong, Lijuan; Lu, Xu; Wang, Jia; Yao, Wenjuan; Jiang, Bo; Zhang, Wei

    2015-08-01

    Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) critically contributes to the development of endotoxin-mediated inflammation. It can be induced by cytokines or endotoxins via distinct signaling pathways. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggers iNOS expression through activation of the inhibitor of κB-α (IκB-α)-nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) cascade, whereas interferon-γ (IFN-γ) acts primarily through Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1). Methylene blue (MB), an agent used clinically to treat numerous ailments, has been shown to reduce NO accumulation through suppression of iNOS activity. But it remains unclear whether MB affects iNOS induction. This knowledge gap is addressed in the present study using cultured cells and endotoxemic mice. With mouse macrophages, MB treatment prevented the LPS- and/or IFN-γ-stimulated iNOS protein expression. Real-time PCR experiments showed that iNOS mRNA transcription was robustly blocked by MB treatment. The inhibitory effect of MB on iNOS expression was confirmed in vivo in endotoxemic mice. Further analysis showed that MB had no significant effect on IκB-α degradation and NF-κB or STAT1 phosphorylation in LPS/IFN-γ-stimulated cells. The nuclear transport of active NF-κB or STAT1 was also not affected by MB treatment. But MB treatment markedly reduced the binding of NF-κB and STAT1 to their DNA elements. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirmed that MB reduced NF-κB and STAT1 bindings to iNOS promoter inside the cell. These studies show that MB attenuates transcriptional factor binding amid iNOS mRNA transcription, providing further insight into the molecular mechanism of MB in disease therapy.

  14. Timed and targeted differential regulation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and anti-NOS genes by reward conditioning leading to long-term memory formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korneev, Sergei A; Straub, Volko; Kemenes, Ildikó; Korneeva, Elena I; Ott, Swidbert R; Benjamin, Paul R; O'Shea, Michael

    2005-02-02

    In a number of neuronal models of learning, signaling by the neurotransmitter nitric oxide (NO), synthesized by the enzyme neuronal NO synthase (nNOS), is essential for the formation of long-term memory (LTM). Using the molluscan model system Lymnaea, we investigate here whether LTM formation is associated with specific changes in the activity of members of the NOS gene family: Lym-nNOS1, Lym-nNOS2, and the antisense RNA-producing pseudogene (anti-NOS). We show that expression of the Lym-nNOS1 gene is transiently upregulated in cerebral ganglia after conditioning. The activation of the gene is precisely timed and occurs at the end of a critical period during which NO is required for memory consolidation. Moreover, we demonstrate that this induction of the Lym-nNOS1 gene is targeted to an identified modulatory neuron called the cerebral giant cell (CGC). This neuron gates the conditioned feeding response and is an essential part of the neural network involved in LTM formation. We also show that the expression of the anti-NOS gene, which functions as a negative regulator of nNOS expression, is downregulated in the CGC by training at 4 h after conditioning, during the critical period of NO requirement. This appears to be the first report of the timed and targeted differential regulation of the activity of a group of related genes involved in the production of a neurotransmitter that is necessary for learning, measured in an identified neuron of known function. We also provide the first example of the behavioral regulation of a pseudogene.

  15. Haplotypes of NOS3 Gene Polymorphisms in Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsa, Lova Satyanarayana; Rangaraju, Advithi; Vengaldas, Viswamitra; Latifi, Mona; Jahromi, Hossein Mehraban; Ananthapur, Venkateshwari; Nallari, Pratibha

    2013-01-01

    Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by systolic dysfunction, followed by heart failure necessitating cardiac transplantation. The genetic basis is well established by the identification of mutations in sarcomere and cytoskeleton gene/s. Modifier genes and environmental factors are also considered to play a significant role in the variable expression of the disease, hence various mechanisms are implicated and one such mechanism is oxidative stress. Nitric Oxide (NO), a primary physiological transmitter derived from endothelium seems to play a composite role with diverse anti-atherogenic effects as vasodilator. Three functional polymorphisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene viz., T-786C of the 5′ flanking region, 27bp VNTR in intron4 and G894T of exon 7 were genotyped to identify their role in DCM. A total of 115 DCM samples and 454 controls were included. Genotyping was carried out by PCR -RFLP method. Allelic and genotypic frequencies were computed in both control & patient groups and appropriate statistical tests were employed. A significant association of TC genotype (T-786C) with an odds ratio of 1.74, (95% CI 1.14 - 2.67, p = 0.01) was observed in DCM. Likewise the GT genotypic frequency of G894T polymorphism was found to be statistically significant (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.34–3.27, p = 0.0011), with the recessive allele T being significantly associated with DCM (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.18 - 2.30, p = 0.003). The haplotype carrying the recessive alleles of G894T and T-786C, C4bT was found to exhibit 7 folds increased risk for DCM compared to the controls. Hence C4bT haplotype could be the risk haplotype for DCM. Our findings suggest the possible implication of NOS3 gene in the disease phenotype, wherein NOS3 may be synergistically functioning in DCM associated heart failure via the excessive production of NO in cardiomyocytes resulting in decreased myocardial contractility and systolic dysfunction, a common feature of DCM

  16. Haplotypes of NOS3 gene polymorphisms in dilated cardiomyopathy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lova Satyanarayana Matsa

    Full Text Available Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM is characterized by systolic dysfunction, followed by heart failure necessitating cardiac transplantation. The genetic basis is well established by the identification of mutations in sarcomere and cytoskeleton gene/s. Modifier genes and environmental factors are also considered to play a significant role in the variable expression of the disease, hence various mechanisms are implicated and one such mechanism is oxidative stress. Nitric Oxide (NO, a primary physiological transmitter derived from endothelium seems to play a composite role with diverse anti-atherogenic effects as vasodilator. Three functional polymorphisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3 gene viz., T-786C of the 5' flanking region, 27bp VNTR in intron4 and G894T of exon 7 were genotyped to identify their role in DCM. A total of 115 DCM samples and 454 controls were included. Genotyping was carried out by PCR -RFLP method. Allelic and genotypic frequencies were computed in both control & patient groups and appropriate statistical tests were employed. A significant association of TC genotype (T-786C with an odds ratio of 1.74, (95% CI 1.14 - 2.67, p = 0.01 was observed in DCM. Likewise the GT genotypic frequency of G894T polymorphism was found to be statistically significant (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.34-3.27, p = 0.0011, with the recessive allele T being significantly associated with DCM (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.18 - 2.30, p = 0.003. The haplotype carrying the recessive alleles of G894T and T-786C, C4bT was found to exhibit 7 folds increased risk for DCM compared to the controls. Hence C4bT haplotype could be the risk haplotype for DCM. Our findings suggest the possible implication of NOS3 gene in the disease phenotype, wherein NOS3 may be synergistically functioning in DCM associated heart failure via the excessive production of NO in cardiomyocytes resulting in decreased myocardial contractility and systolic dysfunction, a common feature of DCM

  17. Dual role of nNOS in ischemic injury and preconditioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barua Anupama

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nitric oxide (NO is cardioprotective and a mediator of ischemic preconditioning (IP. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS is protective against myocardial ischemic injury and a component of IP but the role and location of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS remains unclear. Therefore, the aims of these studies were to: (i investigate the role of nNOS in ischemia/reoxygenation-induced injury and IP, (ii determine whether its effect is species-dependent, and (iii elucidate the relationship of nNOS with mitoKATP channels and p38MAPK, two key components of IP transduction pathway. Results Ventricular myocardial slices from rats and wild and nNOS knockout mice, and right atrial myocardial slices from human were subjected to 90 min ischemia and 120 min reoxygenation (37°C. Specimens were randomized to receive various treatments (n = 6/group. Both the provision of exogenous NO and the inhibition of endogenous NO production significantly reduced tissue injury (creatine kinase release, cell necrosis and apoptosis, an effect that was species-independent. The cardioprotection seen with nNOS inhibition was as potent as that of IP, however, in nNOS knockout mice the cardioprotective effect of non-selective NOS (L-NAME and selective nNOS inhibition and also that of IP was blocked while the benefit of exogenous NO remained intact. Additional studies revealed that the cardioprotection afforded by exogenous NO and by inhibition of nNOS were unaffected by the mitoKATP channel blocker 5-HD, although it was abrogated by p38MAPK blocker SB203580. Conclusions nNOS plays a dual role in ischemia/reoxygenation in that its presence is necessary to afford cardioprotection by IP and its inhibition reduces myocardial ischemic injury. The role of nNOS is species-independent and exerted downstream of the mitoKATP channels and upstream of p38MAPK.

  18. Arginase-1 deficiency regulates arginine concentrations and NOS2-mediated NO production during endotoxemia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina A P Wijnands

    Full Text Available RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Arginase-1 is an important component of the intricate mechanism regulating arginine availability during immune responses and nitric oxide synthase (NOS activity. In this study Arg1(fl/fl/Tie2-Cre(tg/- mice were developed to investigate the effect of arginase-1 related arginine depletion on NOS2- and NOS3-dependent NO production and jejunal microcirculation under resting and endotoxemic conditions, in mice lacking arginase-1 in endothelial and hematopoietic cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Arginase-1-deficient mice as compared with control mice exhibited higher plasma arginine concentration concomitant with enhanced NO production in endothelial cells and jejunal tissue during endotoxemia. In parallel, impaired jejunal microcirculation was observed in endotoxemic conditions. Cultured bone-marrow-derived macrophages of arginase-1 deficient animals also presented a higher inflammatory response to endotoxin than control littermates. Since NOS2 competes with arginase for their common substrate arginine during endotoxemia, Nos2 deficient mice were also studied under endotoxemic conditions. As Nos2(-/- macrophages showed an impaired inflammatory response to endotoxin compared to wild-type macrophages, NOS2 is potentially involved. A strongly reduced NO production in Arg1(fl/fl/Tie2-Cre(tg/- mice following infusion of the NOS2 inhibitor 1400W further implicated NOS2 in the enhanced capacity to produce NO production Arg1(fl/fl/Tie2-Cre(tg/- mice. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced arginase-1 activity in Arg1(fl/fl/Tie2-Cre(tg/- mice resulted in increased inflammatory response and NO production by NOS2, accompanied by a depressed microcirculatory flow during endotoxemia. Thus, arginase-1 deficiency facilitates a NOS2-mediated pro-inflammatory activity at the expense of NOS3-mediated endothelial relaxation.

  19. Genetic deletion of NOS3 increases lethal cardiac dysfunction following mouse cardiac arrest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beiser, David G; Orbelyan, Gerasim A; Inouye, Brendan T; Costakis, James G; Hamann, Kimm J; McNally, Elizabeth M; Vanden Hoek, Terry L

    2011-01-01

    Cardiac arrest mortality is significantly affected by failure to obtain return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Severe myocardial dysfunction and cardiovascular collapse further affects mortality within hours of initial ROSC. Recent work suggests that enhancement of nitric oxide (NO) signaling within minutes of CPR can improve myocardial function and survival. We studied the role of NO signaling on cardiovascular outcomes following cardiac arrest and resuscitation using endothelial NO synthase knockout (NOS3(-/-)) mice. Adult female wild-type (WT) and NOS3(-/-) mice were anesthetized, intubated, and instrumented with left-ventricular pressure-volume catheters. Cardiac arrest was induced with intravenous potassium chloride. CPR was performed after 8min of untreated arrest. ROSC rate, cardiac function, whole-blood nitrosylhemoglobin (HbNO) concentrations, heart NOS3 content and phosphorylation (p-NOS3), cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), and phospho-troponin I (p-TnI) were measured. Despite equal quality CPR, NOS3(-/-) mice displayed lower rates of ROSC compared to WT (47.6% [10/21] vs. 82.4% [14/17], pNOS3(-/-) vs. WT mice exhibited increased left-ventricular dysfunction and 120min mortality. Prior to ROSC, myocardial effectors of NO signaling including cGMP and p-TnI were decreased in NOS3(-/-) vs. WT mice (pNOS3-dependent increases in circulating HbNO were seen by 120min. Significant increases in cardiac p-NOS3 occurred between end-arrest and 15min post-ROSC, while total NOS3 content was increased by 120min post-ROSC (pNOS3 decreases ROSC rate and worsens post-ROSC left-ventricular function. Poor cardiovascular outcomes are associated with differences in NOS3-dependent myocardial cGMP signaling and circulating NO metabolites. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Nos3 protects against systemic inflammation and myocardial dysfunction in murine polymicrobial sepsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bougaki, Masahiko; Searles, Robert J; Kida, Kotaro; Yu, JiaDe; Buys, Emmanuel S; Ichinose, Fumito

    2010-09-01

    NO has been implicated in the pathogenesis of septic shock. However, the role of NO synthase 3 (NOS3) during sepsis remains incompletely understood. Here, we examined the impact of NOS3 deficiency on systemic inflammation and myocardial dysfunction during peritonitis-induced polymicrobial sepsis. Severe polymicrobial sepsis was induced by colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) in wild-type (WT) and NOS3-deficient (NOS3KO) mice. NOS3KO mice exhibited shorter survival time than did WT mice after CASP. NOS3 deficiency worsened systemic inflammation assessed by the expression of inflammatory cytokines in the lung, liver, and heart. Colon ascendens stent peritonitis markedly increased the number of leukocyte infiltrating the liver and heart in NOS3KO but not in WT mice. The exaggerated systemic inflammation in septic NOS3KO mice was associated with more marked myocardial dysfunction than in WT mice 22 h after CASP. The detrimental effects of NOS3 deficiency on myocardial function after CASP seem to be caused by impaired Ca handling of cardiomyocytes. The impaired Ca handling of cardiomyocytes isolated from NOS3KO mice subjected to CASP was associated with depressed mitochondrial ATP production, a determinant of the Ca cycling capacity of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase. The NOS3 deficiency-induced impairment of the ability of mitochondria to produce ATP after CASP was at least in part attributable to reduction in mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I activity. These observations suggest that NOS3 protects against systemic inflammation and myocardial dysfunction after peritonitis-induced polymicrobial sepsis in mice.

  1. Professores e professoras nos filmes, história e papéis sociais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana da Costa Ferreira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analysis four North-American films about teachers produced between 1950 and 1970 in which the role of female and male teachers are highlighted. In addition to the fi lm analysis, the research included the historical context and the academic curricula of the periods under study, the specific references of each film (plays, romance, biographies that were the origins of the productions, scripts, research in video rent stores and the contact with collectors. The outcomes allowed us to notice the decline of teachers´ hierarchic authority as well as point out some ambiguities in the representation of female and male models that were adapted to the political-ideological intentionality of each historical period.

  2. Inhibition of Rho protein stimulates iNOS expression in rat vascular smooth muscle cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muniyappa, R; Xu, R; Ram, J L; Sowers, J R

    2000-06-01

    Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is upregulated in arterial injury and plays a role in regulating VSMC proliferation and restenosis. Inflammatory cytokines [e.g., interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)] released during vascular injury induce iNOS. Small GTP-binding proteins of the Ras superfamily play a major role in IL-1beta-dependent signaling pathways. In this study, we examined the role of Rho GTPases in regulating iNOS expression in VSMCs. Treatment of VSMCs with mevastatin, which inhibits isoprenylation of Rho and other small GTP-binding proteins, produced significantly higher amounts of IL-1beta-evoked NO and iNOS protein compared with control. Similarly, bacterial toxins [Toxin B from Clostridium difficile and C3 ADP-ribosyl transferase (C3) toxin from Clostridium botulinium] that specifically inactivate Rho proteins increased NOS products (NO and citrulline) and iNOS expression. Toxin B increased the activity of iNOS promoter-reporter construct in VSMCs. Both toxins enhanced IL-1beta-stimulated iNOS expression and NO production. These data demonstrate for the first time that inhibition of Rho induces iNOS and suggest a role for Rho protein in IL-1beta-stimulated NO production in VSMCs.

  3. EL NOS-OTROS-ORIGINARIO: Sobre la posibilidad de respetar los derechos de el-otro

    OpenAIRE

    Fager Sáenz, Nayid Abú

    2016-01-01

    Este texto plantea la posibilidad de recuperar el nos-otros-originario como clave para la superación del «sufrimiento inútil» del sujeto; de este modo, muestra al nos-otros-originario como una zona de protección de los derechos de el-otro, hace una crítica en contra del nos-otros-caído como vulnerador de derechos fundamentales, y aborda la posibilidad de recuperar el nos-otros-originario a través de una consumación definitiva de la "justicia". This article shows the possibility of recoveri...

  4. [Genetics of the neuronal NO synthase (NOS1) in the etiology of bronchial asthma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grasemann, H

    2001-08-01

    The free radical nitric oxide (NO) is endogenously produced by enzymes known as NO synthases. NO in the airways is involved in a number of pathophysiological processes, such as airway inflammation, allergic reactions, and asthma. Asthma is a multifactorial disease that is caused by environmental and genetic factors. Genome wide screening approaches in families revealed evidence for linkage between chromosomal region 12q and allergic diseases, increased serum IgE levels as well as the development of asthma. The gene encoding for neuronal NOS (NOS1) is an attractive candidate gene for asthma, not only because it is localized in chromosomal region 12q24. Experimental studies in animals and humans suggest that NOS1 plays an important role in asthma. For instance, in a murine model of allergic asthma, NOS1 has been shown to be important for the development of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, since mice deficient for the nos1 gene were less responsive to airway challenge than both wild-type mice and mice deficient for the nos2 gene. Case-control studies in humans revealed allelic associations between polymorphic markers in the NOS1 gene and the diagnosis of asthma. Furthermore, increased concentrations of NO in the airways of asthmatics are closely related to the size of an intronic (AAT)(n)-repeat polymorphism in the NOS1 gene. The purpose of this review is to summarize studies that provide evidence for an involvement of NOS1 in the genetics of asthma.

  5. Crime e castigo nos Estados Unidos: de Nixon a Clinton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loïc Wacquant

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o crescimento exponencial do número de detentos ocorrido nos Estados Unidos a partir de meados dos anos 70. Procura mostrar que esse crescimento não corresponde a um aumento da criminalidade, mas à conjugação de três séries causais, quais sejam: o declínio do "ideal de reabilitação" dos prisioneiros, a instrumentalização do medo da violência pelos políticos e pela mídia e a função de mecanismo de controle racial assumido pelo sistema penal americano. Em suma, a hiperflação carcerária revela a contraface do enfraquecimento do Estado de Bem-Estar Social e a sua substituição por um Estado penal.

  6. Lévi-Strauss nos 90 voltas ao passado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lévi-Strauss Claude

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo responde às críticas formuladas por Christian Delacampagne e Bernard Traimond em "A Polêmica Sartre/Lévi-Strauss Revisitada. Nas Raízes das Ciências Sociais de Hoje", publicado em Les Temps Modernes 596 (novembro-dezembro de 1997. Para fazê-lo, recorda inicialmente o caráter relativo da oposição entre "sociedades frias" e "sociedades quentes". Em seguida, refuta a tese de que Maurice Merleau-Ponty, sob a capa de um elogio, teria dirigido críticas veladas ao autor. Finalmente, reconhecendo o afastamento da antropologia de hoje em face das posições do autor, admite, sem se pronunciar sobre o valor desse movimento, que temas de ar sartriano ressurgem nos antropólogos contemporâneos.

  7. Tecnologia dos sonhos em Artemidoro, Freud, Jung e nos Warlpiri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abrahão de Oliveira Santos

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Apresentaremos distintas tecnologias dos sonhos: em Artemidoro, Freud, Jung e nos Warlpiri. Artemidoro revela a mensagem onírica imprescindível à condução do cidadão, com os elementos das instituições, da cidade, do cosmo. Com Freud, no moderno mundo europeu, o sonho recebe o sentido da interioridade. Outra leitura é de Carl Jung. O uso dos sonhos tem seu sentido histórico, se relacionando com as práticas de governo, os modos de condução da vida e da cidade. Para além das tradições eurodescendentes e mentalistas vigentes, apresentaremos a tecnologia coletiva dos sonhos dos Warlpiri e uma nova possibilidade de lidarmos com a experiência onírica.

  8. "Meninas": vidas em devir nos circuitos de vulnerabilidade social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Cordeiro

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo pretendemos discutir, a partir do filme Meninas, de Sandra Werneck, as trajetórias de vida e de trabalho de jovens pobres no Rio de Janeiro, nos circuitos de vulnerabilidade social. As aproximações do olhar cinematográfico vão expressar um "tempo comum", presente no referido documentário, que se materializa em nossas pesquisas: gravidez precoce, violência, desemprego, baixa escolaridade, pouca qualificação e inserção no tráfico de drogas, por exemplo. Nesses circuitos de vulnerabilidade, perguntamos como é possível ampliar a potência de vida dos jovens, que não perdem a possibilidade de escrever sua própria história. É nessa direção que caminha o presente estudo.

  9. De-metaphorizing and becoming animal: when the animal looks back. A reading of Marian Engel’s Bear = Desmetaforizando e tornando-se animal: quando o animal retorna o olhar. Uma leitura do romance Bear, de Marian Engel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Meoni

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The primacy acquired by nature in our current culture has given way to several issues not strictly connected with an immediate and ‘purely’ ecological interest: there is rather the need to question how we conceive the animal with a focus on the possibility to transcend Western cultural heritage. When trying to give a literary representation of the animal, it is particularly important to adopt some measures which, following the trajectory of a genuine, positive ‘becoming-animal’, will safeguard its independence and avoid reducing it to metaphorically anthropomorphic representations. This essay intends to underline how, from this viewpoint, a few novels coming from the post-colonial area, where animal tales often show how interwoven humans and animals are and how they are constructed in relation to each other supply interesting case studies. My interest focuses particularly on Canadian Marian Engel’s Bear, where the writer tries to deal with unspeakable subjects between a woman and a bear: through an act of radical approach to its physical reality, the former comes first to recognize the latter, and then to accept its Otherness. On its side, the bear seemingly ‘shows’ a post-colonial attitude subversively resisting a typically Western anthropomorphic allegorization. Holding fast to itself and its animality, choosing in a way to ‘stay mute’, the bear keeps the role of a ‘perceptivecatalyst’, ‘thought-producing’ and thus ‘world-changing’, according to an aesthetics of perception suggesting that the animal gaze might be the best perspective from which to observe not only our world, but especially our own selves.Uma leitura do romance Bear, de Marian Engel. A primazia adquirida pela natureza sobre a acultura em nossos dias abriu o caminho para vários problemas não exatamente ligados a interesses imediatos ou puramente ecológicos. Pode-se perguntar como poderemos conceber oanimal tendo como foco a possibilidade de

  10. Identification of chicken eNOS gene and differential expression in highland versus lowland chicken breeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, J F; Ling, Y; Gou, W Y; Zhang, H; Wu, C X

    2012-09-01

    Nitric oxide (NO), an endothelium-derived relaxing factor, is synthesized from l-arginine by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the endothelium. The objective of the present study was to preliminarily illuminate the expression of the eNOS gene in hypoxic adaptation of chicken embryonic development. The eNOS expression profiles between the Tibet and Shouguang chickens incubated under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions were detected by TaqMan real-time PCR. In this study, the chicken eNOS gene was found by both in silico cloning and RACE approaches. From the eNOS gene, we obtained a 3,310-bp mRNA sequence and a 10,666-bp DNA sequence and discovered that it was located on chicken chromosome 2 and had 7 unique transcripts. eNOS mRNA was detected in abundant amounts in some chick embryo organs (i.e., heart, liver, chorio-allantoic membrane, and lung), and expressed stably with the lowest levels in the brain. We observed that when exposed to hypoxia (13% O(2)) different embryo organ tissues had various sensitivities to hypoxia as determined by their eNOS expression profiles. Compared with the Shouguang chicken, the eNOS expression in the Tibet chicken was higher in the lung and liver, lower in the heart, and similar in the brain. In chorio-allantoic membranes, eNOS expression was higher in the Shouguang chicken than the Tibet chicken under hypoxic conditions, but not markedly different under normoxic conditions. The differences of eNOS expression between the 2 breeds may be relative to the hypoxic adaptation ability in Tibet chickens during embryonic development. This work will provide reference for future studies on the role of eNOS in hypoxic adaptation and response.

  11. Role of SIRT1 and FOXO factors in eNOS transcriptional activation by resveratrol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Ning; Strand, Susanne; Schlufter, Frank; Siuda, Daniel; Reifenberg, Gisela; Kleinert, Hartmut; Förstermann, Ulrich; Li, Huige

    2013-08-01

    Many of the cardiovascular protective effects of resveratrol are attributable to an enhanced production of nitric oxide (NO) by the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Resveratrol has been shown to enhance eNOS gene expression as well as eNOS enzymatic activity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the molecular mechanisms of eNOS transcriptional activation by resveratrol. Treatment of human EA.hy 926 endothelial cells with resveratrol led to a concentration-dependent upregulation of eNOS expression. In luciferase reporter gene assay, resveratrol enhanced the activity of human eNOS promoter fragments (3500, 1600, 633 and 263bp in length, respectively), indicating that the proximal promoter region is required for resveratrol-induced eNOS transcriptional activation. Knockdown of the NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) by siRNA prevented the upregulation of eNOS mRNA and protein by resveratrol. Forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors are established downstream targets of SIRT1. siRNA-mediated knockdown of FOXO1 and FOXO3a abolished the effect of resveratrol on eNOS expression, indicating the involvement of these factors. Resveratrol treatment enhanced the expression of FOXO1 and FOXO3a in EA.hy 926 cells. Reporter gene assay using promoter containing forkhead response elements showed increased FOXO factor activity by resveratrol. In electrophoretic mobility shift assay, the enhanced binding of nuclear proteins to the eNOS promoter regions by resveratrol could be blocked by antibodies against FOXO1 and FOXO3a. In conclusion, resveratrol enhances the expression and activity of FOXO transcription factors. The SIRT1/FOXO factor axis is involved in resveratrol-induced eNOS transcriptional activation.

  12. Depletion of arginine by recombinant arginine deiminase induces nNOS-activated neurotoxicity in neuroblastoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shan-Erh; Wu, Fe-Lin Lin; Wei, Ming-Feng; Shen, Li-Jiuan

    2014-01-01

    The abnormal regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is associated with neurodegenerative disorders. Recombinant arginine deiminase (rADI) is a selective NO modulator of iNOS and eNOS in endothelial cells, and it also exhibits neuroprotective activity in an iNOS-induced neuron-microglia coculture system. However, the effect of rADI on nNOS remains unknown. Addressing this issue is important for evaluating the potential application of rADI in neurodegenerative diseases. SH-SY5Y cells were treated with N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) to activate nNOS. NMDA increased NO production by 39.7 ± 3.9% via nNOS under arginine-containing conditions, but there was no significant increase in both arginine-free and rADI pretreated arginine-containing (citrulline) buffer. Subsequently, neither NMDA nor rADI alone caused cytotoxicity, whereas cotreatment with NMDA and rADI resulted in dissipation of the cell mitochondrial membrane potential and decreased cell viability. The mechanism of rADI cytotoxicity in the presence of NMDA is caused by the inhibition of NO production via nNOS mediated by the NMDA receptor, which was abolished when extracellular arginine was absent, even in the presence of citrulline. rADI not only reduced NO production but also caused cellular toxicity in nNOS-activated SH-SY5Y cells, suggesting a dual role for rADI in NOS-mediated neurotoxicity.

  13. Depletion of Arginine by Recombinant Arginine Deiminase Induces nNOS-Activated Neurotoxicity in Neuroblastoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Erh Lin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The abnormal regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS is associated with neurodegenerative disorders. Recombinant arginine deiminase (rADI is a selective NO modulator of iNOS and eNOS in endothelial cells, and it also exhibits neuroprotective activity in an iNOS-induced neuron-microglia coculture system. However, the effect of rADI on nNOS remains unknown. Addressing this issue is important for evaluating the potential application of rADI in neurodegenerative diseases. SH-SY5Y cells were treated with N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA to activate nNOS. NMDA increased NO production by 39.7 ± 3.9% via nNOS under arginine-containing conditions, but there was no significant increase in both arginine-free and rADI pretreated arginine-containing (citrulline buffer. Subsequently, neither NMDA nor rADI alone caused cytotoxicity, whereas cotreatment with NMDA and rADI resulted in dissipation of the cell mitochondrial membrane potential and decreased cell viability. The mechanism of rADI cytotoxicity in the presence of NMDA is caused by the inhibition of NO production via nNOS mediated by the NMDA receptor, which was abolished when extracellular arginine was absent, even in the presence of citrulline. rADI not only reduced NO production but also caused cellular toxicity in nNOS-activated SH-SY5Y cells, suggesting a dual role for rADI in NOS-mediated neurotoxicity.

  14. Expression of beta-catenin, COX-2 and iNOS in colorectal cancer: relevance of COX-2 adn iNOS inhibitors for treatment in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Seok Kwan; Gul, Yunus A; Ithnin, Hairuszah; Talib, Arni; Seow, Heng Fong

    2004-01-01

    Promising new pharmacological agents and gene therapy targeting cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) could modulate treatment of colorectal cancer in the future. The aim of this study was to elucidate the expression fo beta-catenin and teh presence of COX-2 and iNOS in colorectal cancer specimens in Malaysia. This is a useful prelude to future studies investigating interventions directed towards COX-2 adn iNOS. A cross-section study using retrospective data over a 2-year period (1999-2000) involved 101 archival, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples of colorectal cancers that were surgically resected in a tertiary referral. COX-2 production was detected in adjacent normal tissue in 34 sample (33.7%) and in tumour tissue in 60 samples (59.4%). More tumours expressed iNOS (82/101, 81.2%) than COX-2. No iNOS expression was detected in adjacent normal tissue. Intense beta-catenin immunoreactivity at the cell-to-cell border. Poorly differentiated tumours had significantly lower total beta-catenin (p = 0.009) and COX-2 scores (p = 0.031). No significant relationships were established between pathological stage and beta-catenin, COX-2 and iNOS scores. the accumulation of beta-catenin does not seem to be sufficient to activate pathways that lead to increased COX-2 and iNOS expression. A high proportion of colorectal cancers were found to express COX-2 and a significant number produced iNOS, suggesting that their inhibitors may be potentially useful as chemotherapeutic agents in the management of colorectal cancer.

  15. Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), a cofactor for nNOS, restores gastric emptying and nNOS expression in female diabetic rats

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Gastroparesis is a debilitating disease predominantly affecting young women. Recently, dysregulation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in myenteric plexus neurons has been implicated for delayed solid gastric emptying/gastroparesis in diabetic patients. In this study, we have explored the role of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), a major cofactor for nNOS activity and NO synthesis in diabetic gastroparesis. Diabetes was induced with single injection of streptozotocin (55 mg/kg body wt, ip) in...

  16. Roman familial et territoire : Les Contrebandiers d’Oser Warszawski Family romance and territory: Smugglers, by Oser Warszawski משפּחה–ראָמאַן און טעריטאָריע : שמוגלערס פֿון עוזר וואַרשאַווסקי

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carole Ksiazenicer-Matheron

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Oser Warszawski (1898-1944 became famous at the age of 21 thanks to this novel. It was written in a time when Yiddish literature was trying to reformulate its modernity in relation to classical heritage. Published ten years earlier than the sagas of I.J. Singer and M. Kulbak, in which the historical epic meets an underlying family romance, Warszawski’s Smugglers seems to embody a more humorous side of family romance, just like some of Faulkner’s works (As I lay dying or The Hamlet, for example. The main difference with the historical family epics drawn from naturalism is however the concept of territory, which refers to space and not only to time. Smugglers is the story of a Polish shtetl, close to Warsaw, occupied by the German army during World War I. In reaction to their misery, the inhabitants of this shtetl start to smuggle goods on the black market. This essay analyzes the role of space and of the smugglers’ territory in the novel. On this spatial and historical background, the plot evolves through a dynamic of adaptation and focuses successively on three different characters, who symbolize three different steps in the life of this family of smugglers.מיט דעם דאָזיקן ראָמאַן איז עוזר וואַרשאַווסקי (1898 — 1944 באַרימט געוואָרן אין עלטער פֿון 21 יאָר, דעמאָלט ווען די יונגע ייִדישע ליטעראַטור האָט זיך געסטאַרעט פֿעסטצושטעלן איר מאָדערנקייט לגבי דער ירושה פֿון די קלאַסיקערס. צען יאָר איידער י.י.זינגער אָדער משה קולבאַק זענען אַרויסגעקומען מיט זייערע פֿאַמיליע–סאַגעס, אויפֿן קרייצוועג צווישן היסטאָריש בילד און פֿאַמיליע–ראָמאַן, באַווײַזט זיך שמוגלערס ווי די פֿאַרקערפּערונג פֿון א

  17. On the Three Perspectives about the Three Matchless Characters in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms%从《三国演义》“三绝”研究的三个视点说起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石麟

    2016-01-01

    The research on the character’s images in the novels of the ancient China can be under‐taken from multiple perspectives such as historical documents ,literary works ,cultural communica‐tion ,etc .for instance ,the research on the “three matchless characters” Zhu Geliang ,Guan Yu and Cao Cao in The Romance of the Three Kingdoms .However ,how to correctly deal with the relation‐ship among the three perspectives of documents ,literature and culture is a problem faced by the novel critics .Starting from the position of those masterpieces such as The Romance of the Three Kingdoms and The Outlaws of the Marshland ,either documentary research or cultural research shall serve liter‐ary research .Of course ,after obtaining relevant fruits ,literary research can also serve historical re‐search and economic development .To well grasp the dialectical relationship between the three per‐spectives is of critical significance and function to the masterpiece researchers .%我们对中国古代小说中人物形象的研究,可以从历史文献的、文学作品的、文化传播的多重视点进行,例如对《三国演义》中的“三绝”诸葛亮、关羽、曹操的研究就是如此。然而,如何正确处理文献的、文学的、文化的三个研究视点之间的关系,却是小说研究者面临的一个严峻的问题。从《三国演义》《水浒传》这些小说名著的立场出发,文献研究和文化研究都应该是为文学研究服务的。当然,文学研究取得相应的成果以后,也可以为历史研究和经济开发服务。把握好三者之间这种辩证关系,对于小说名著的研究者而言具有决定性的意义和作用。

  18. A interação existencial entre seres humanos e animais no romance Pedro Páramo, de Juan Rulfo = The existential interaction between human beings and animals in the novel Pedro Páramo by Juan Rulfo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evely Vânia Libanori

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Em Pedro Páramo, de Juan Rulfo, o corvo, o cavalo e o gato são animais que mantêm estreita ligação existencial com o ser humano. A interação ser humano-animal é fundamental para o entendimento de temas filosóficos presentes no romance, como a identidade humana, o outro, a morte. O corvo é o batedor da chegada de Juan Preciado no mundo da morte. O cavalo de Miguel Páramo é o único ser que sofre, verdadeiramente, a morte do seu tutor. O gato é o animal que faz visitas noturnas a Susana San Juan, com quem estabelece um diálogo somente inteligível para os dois. A integração entre personagens humanas e animais em Pedro Páramo mostra a comunicação entre seres pertencentes a diferentes espécies animais. No romance, seres humanos, corvos, cavalos e gatos têm mais semelhanças entre si do que a cultura ocidental antropocêntrica conhece.In Pedro Páramo by Juan Rulfo, the raven, the horse and the cat are animals that maintain a close existential link to the human beings. In the book, this human being/animal interaction is fundamental to the understanding of philosophical themes such as the identity, the other, and the death. In the story, the raven is the escort of Juan Preciado arrival into the death world. Miguel Páramos’s horse is the only being that genuinely suffers because of the death of its guardian, that is, Miguel’s death. The cat is the animal that make night visits to Susana San Juan to whom it speaks in a way that is understood by the two of them only. The connection between human and animal characters in Pedro Páramo shows the communication among beings that belong to different animal species. In the novel, human beings, ravens, horses, and cats are much more alike than the western anthropocentric culture has it.

  19. Asiatic Acid Alleviates Hemodynamic and Metabolic Alterations via Restoring eNOS/iNOS Expression, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammation in Diet-Induced Metabolic Syndrome Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poungrat Pakdeechote

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Asiatic acid is a triterpenoid isolated from Centella asiatica. The present study aimed to investigate whether asiatic acid could lessen the metabolic, cardiovascular complications in rats with metabolic syndrome (MS induced by a high-carbohydrate, high-fat (HCHF diet. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with HCHF diet with 15% fructose in drinking water for 12 weeks to induce MS. MS rats were treated with asiatic acid (10 or 20 mg/kg/day or vehicle for a further three weeks. MS rats had an impairment of oral glucose tolerance, increases in fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and hindlimb vascular resistance; these were related to the augmentation of vascular superoxide anion production, plasma malondialdehyde and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α levels (p < 0.05. Plasma nitrate and nitrite (NOx were markedly high with upregulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS expression, but dowregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS expression (p < 0.05. Asiatic acid significantly improved insulin sensitivity, lipid profiles, hemodynamic parameters, oxidative stress markers, plasma TNF-α, NOx, and recovered abnormality of eNOS/iNOS expressions in MS rats (p < 0.05. In conclusion, asiatic acid improved metabolic, hemodynamic abnormalities in MS rats that could be associated with its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory effects and recovering regulation of eNOS/iNOS expression.

  20. Diesel Particulate Exposed Macrophages Alter Endothelial Cell Expression of eNOS, iNOS, MCP1, and Glutathione Synthesis Genes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weldy, Chad S.; Wilkerson, Hui-Wen; Larson, Timothy V.; Stewart, James A.; Kavanagh, Terrance J.

    2011-01-01

    There is considerable debate regarding inhaled diesel exhaust particulate (DEP) causing impairments in vascular reactivity. Although there is evidence that inhaled particles can translocate from the lung into the systemic circulation, it has been suggested that inflammatory factors produced in the lung following macrophage particle engulfment also pass into the circulation. To investigate these differing hypotheses, we used in vitro systems to model each exposure. By using a direct exposure system and a macrophage-endothelial cell co-culture model, we compared the effects of direct DEP exposure and exposure to inflammatory factors produced by DEP-treated macrophages, on endothelial cell mRNA levels for eNOS, iNOS, endothelin-1, and endothelin-converting-enzyme-1. As markers of oxidative stress, we measured the effects of DEP treatment on glutathione (GSH) synthesis genes and on total GSH. In addition, we analyzed the effect of DEP treatment on monocyte chemo-attractant protein-1. Direct DEP exposure increased endothelial GCLC and GCLM as well as total GSH in addition to increased eNOS, iNOS and Mcp1 mRNA. Alternatively, inflammatory factors released from DEP-exposed macrophages markedly up-regulated endothelial iNOS and Mcp1 while modestly down-regulating eNOS. These data support both direct exposure to DEP and the release of inflammatory cytokines as explanations for DEP-induced impairments in vascular reactivity. PMID:21920430

  1. NOS2 expression is restricted to neurons in the healthy brain but is triggered in microglia upon inflammation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Béchade, Catherine; Colasse, Sabrina; Diana, Marco A; Rouault, Martin; Bessis, Alain

    2014-06-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) is a diffusible second messenger with a great variety of functions in the brain. NO is produced by three isoforms of NO synthase (NOS), NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3. Although broad agreement exists regarding the expression of NOS1 and NOS3 in neurons and endothelial cells, the pattern of NOS2 expression is still controversial and remains elusive. We have now generated a novel transgenic mouse that expresses the fluorescent reporter tdTomato and the CRE recombinase under the control of the Nos2 gene regulatory regions. Such tool allows the reliable tracking of NOS2 expression in tissue and further unravels episodes of transient NOS2 expression. Using this transgenic mouse, we show that in the healthy brain, NOS2 is only transiently expressed in neurons scattered in the piriform and entorhinal cortex, the amygdaloid nuclei, the medial part of the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the dentate gyrus, and the cerebellum. NOS2 expression was rarely detected in microglia. We further show that inflammation, induced by intracerebral injection of LPS and IFNγ, triggers transient expression of NOS2 in microglia but not in neurons. This novel transgenic tool has thus allowed us to clarify the NOS2 expression pattern and its differential profile in neurons and microglia in healthy and inflammatory conditions. Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Nitric Oxide and eNOS Gene in Essential Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamna Srivastava

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Currently hypertension grips around 25% of the entire world population. More than 90% of the hypertensive patients suffer from essential hypertension. In Asian Indians hypertension is the predominant risk factor for Coronary Artery Disease among others. Nitric Oxide (NO is synonymous with endothelial derived relaxation factor. Acting via cGMP (cyclic guanosine monophosphate it causes smooth muscle relaxation, prevents platelet aggregation and acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. iNOS (inducible Nitric oxide synthase, nNOS(neuronal nitric oxide synthase and eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase are the three enzymes producing the gas nitric oxide in the human body. eNOS is the main source of NO under physiological conditions. It is known to have a number of polymorphisms. The most well known ones being the G to T polymorphism in exon 7, the T to C polymorphism in the promoter region and the a/b polymorphism in the intron 4. While the G to T polymorphism has been associated with hypertension in many races including the north Indian population, the association of other polymorphisms has been more of a controversy. Not much study has been done on the Asians especially those in India regarding these polymorphisms. Aims: To elucidate the association between the intron4a/b polymorphism in the eNOS gene and nitric oxide levels and essential hypertension. Objectives: 1. To determine the genotype frequencies of the above mentioned polymorphism in patients and controls2. To study the levels of NO in the plasma of the patients and controls3. To find out correlation if any between this polymorphism and plasma NO levels4. To find a correlation if any between this polymorphism and essential hypertension Materials and Methods: The study design was a case control study. 10 ml of venous blood was taken from 45 patients (selected from the department of Cardiology All India Institute of Medical Sciences, ages between 25 to 55 yrs and not on any

  3. Recensão de "Nos 50 anos de Árvore - Folhas de Poesia"

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Recensão - COLÓQUIO "NOS 50 ANOS DE ÁRVORE - FOLHAS DE POESIA", Porto, 2003 - Nos 50 anos de Árvore - folhas de poesia : actas do Colóquio realizado em 16 de Maio de 2003. Porto : Universidade Fernando Pessoa, 2005. 128 p.. ISBN 972-8830-33-5

  4. Suggesting a NOS Map for Nature of Science for Science Education Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jun-Young

    2017-01-01

    The aims of this research are 1) to explore the inter-relationships within the individual elements or tenets of Nature of Science (NOS), based on the dimensions of scientific knowledge in science learning, and 2) to consider Kuhn's concept of how scientific revolution takes place. This study suggests that instruction according to our NOS Flowchart…

  5. NOS3 polymorphisms, cigarette smoking, and cardiovascular disease risk: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) activity and cigarette smoking significantly influence endothelial function. We sought to determine whether cigarette smoking modified the association between NOS3 polymorphisms and risk of coronary heart disease or stroke. All 1085 incident coronary heart di...

  6. Suggesting a NOS Map for Nature of Science for Science Education Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jun-Young

    2017-01-01

    The aims of this research are 1) to explore the inter-relationships within the individual elements or tenets of Nature of Science (NOS), based on the dimensions of scientific knowledge in science learning, and 2) to consider Kuhn's concept of how scientific revolution takes place. This study suggests that instruction according to our NOS Flowchart…

  7. Umbilical Cord Blood NOS1 as a Potential Biomarker of Neonatal Encephalopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Jun; Paules, Cristina; Nigrini, Elisabeth; Rosenzweig, Jason M; Bahabry, Rudhab; Farzin, Azadeh; Yang, Samuel; Northington, Frances J; Oros, Daniel; McKenney, Stephanie; Johnston, Michael V; Graham, Ernest M; Burd, Irina

    2017-01-01

    There are no definitive markers to aid in diagnosis of neonatal encephalopathy (NE). The purpose of our study was (1) to identify and evaluate the utility of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) in umbilical cord blood as a NE biomarker and (2) to identify the source of NOS1 in umbilical cord blood. This was a nested case-control study of neonates >35 weeks of gestation. ELISA for NOS1 in umbilical cord blood was performed. Sources of NOS1 in umbilical cord were investigated by immunohistochemistry, western blot, ELISA, and quantitative PCR. Furthermore, umbilical cords of full-term neonates were subjected to 1% hypoxia ex vivo. NOS1 was present in umbilical cord blood and increased in NE cases compared with controls. NOS1 was expressed in endothelial cells of the umbilical cord vein, but not in artery or blood cells. In ex vivo experiments, hypoxia was associated with increased levels of NOS1 in venous endothelial cells of the umbilical cord as well as in ex vivo culture medium. This is the first study to investigate an early marker of NE. NOS1 is elevated with hypoxia, and further studies are needed to investigate it as a valuable tool for early diagnosis of neonatal brain injury.

  8. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS II) is constitutive in human neutrophils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, Jan; Follin, Per; Forslund, Tony; Lindmark, Maria; Sundqvist, Tommy; Skogh, Thomas

    2003-10-01

    The objective was to study the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS II) in and NO production by human blood neutrophils and in in vivo exudated neutrophils. Cellular expression of NOS II was evaluated by flow cytometry in whole blood, in isolated blood neutrophils, and in neutrophils obtained by exudation in vivo into skin chambers. Neutrophil NOS II was also demonstrated by Western blotting. Uptake of 3H-labelled L-arginine was studied in vitro and NOS activity measured in a whole cell assay by the conversion of 3H-arginine to 3H-citrulline. In contrast to unseparated blood cells, NOS II was demonstrable both in isolated blood neutrophils and exudated cells. The failure to detect NOS II by flow cytometry in whole blood cells thus proved to be due to the quenching effect of hemoglobin. Western blotting revealed a 130 kD band corresponding to NOS II in isolated blood neutrophils, but detection was dependent on diisopropylfluorophosphate for proteinase inhibition. L-arginine was taken up by neutrophils, but enzymatic activity could not be demonstrated. We conclude that human neutrophils constitutively express NOS II, but that its demonstration by FITC-labelling is inhibited by hemoglobin-mediated quenching in whole blood samples.

  9. Location and Quantification of iNOS in Testis of Dahl Hypertensive Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing LIU; Rui-li LI; Huan-Ying ZHAO; Xiu-Ling YIN

    2004-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of hypertension on inducible isoform of nitrogen oxide syntheses (iNOS) expression and reproductive function in testes of Dahl hypertensive rats Method The iNOS expression in Dahl rat testes was localized and assayed semi-quan titatively by immunohistochemistry.Results iNOS was expressed and localized predominantly in the cytoplasm of Sertoli and Leydig cells in both normal and hypertensive rats. However, in the early stage of hypertension, the expression of iNOS was stronger in testes than that of the normal rats (P<0. 05). With the development, the staining intensity of iNOS decreased gradually in the late stage. Moreover, the level of testosterone decreased with the increase of blood pressure. But in vitro, there was no difference in the expression of iNOS between cultured Sertoli cells from normal rats and hypertensive rats.Conclusion High-salt food induced hypertension in Dahl rats, which was characterized by the high expression of iNOS in rat Sertoli and Leydig cells; excessive NO produced by iNOS reduced the level of testosterone in testicle artery, and may thus affect the reproductive function of rats testis.

  10. Animal and human Ehrlichiosis/ Erliquiose nos animais e no homem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odilon Vidotto

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Ehrlichiosis is a disease caused by gram negative obligate intracellular bacterial organisms belonging to the Rickettsiales Order, Anaplasmataceae Family, Genus Ehrlichia and Anaplasma. These organisms may parasite leukocytes, erythrocytes or platelets, leading to abnormalities in many organs. Clinical signs are variable depending on the severity of the infection, host immune response, affected organs, the specific Ehrlichia species involved, and the presence of coinfection with other Ehrlichiae or tickborne disease. The incidence of ehrlichiosis has increased over the last years in both animals and men. The etiological diagnosis is important for adequate epidemiological monitoring. Most tests currently being used have limitations. The recent use of molecular biology diagnostic techniques allow the characterization of the specie or species that are infecting a given patient.A erliquiose é uma doença causada por bactérias gram negativas estritamente intracelulares, pertencentes a Ordem Rickettsiales, Família Anaplasmataceae, Gêneros Ehrlichia e Anaplasma. As diferentes erlíquias podem parasitar leucócitos, eritrócitos e plaquetas levando a alterações em vários órgãos. Os sinais clínicos variam com a severidade da infecção, a resposta imunológica do hospedeiro, os órgãos atingidos, a espécie de erlíquia envolvida e a presenca de co-infecção com outras erlíquias ou outros microrganismos transmitidos pelo mesmo vetor. A incidência de erliquiose vem aumentando nos últimos anos tanto nos animais como no homem. O diagnóstico etiológico é importante para o monitoramento epidemiológico, porém a maioria dos testes usados rotineiramente apresenta limitações. A recente introdução de técnicas diagnósticas que empregam biologia molecular permitem caracterizar quais espécies de erlíquia estão infectando o paciente.

  11. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel V. Carrera

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE e Bahia (BA, Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de 53 ovinos foram coletadas, sendo 49 animais oriundos de propriedades localizadas em PE e quatro animais provenientes da BA. Sete ovinos demonstraram sinais clínicos de pitiose ovina. Um dos animais foi submetido à eutanásia e sua cabeça e linfonodo submandibular foram coletados e enviados para análises laboratoriais. Seis ovinos foram submetidos à imunoterapia, sendo mantidos nas instalações do setor de ovinocultura da Univasf/Petrolina-PE durante o tratamento. As técnicas de ELISA, cultura fúngica e reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR foram utilizadas como métodos diagnósticos da pitiose ovina, sendo eficientes para confirmação dos casos clínicos no rebanho. Ao exame microscópico do material coletado da cavidade nasal de um animal eutanasiado, observou-se uma área focalmente extensa de necrose com presença de infiltrado difuso de neutrófilos íntegros e degenerados margeando a cartilagem. Somente um animal apresentou cura clínica, indicando uma eficiência no tratamento da pitiose de 16,7% (1/6. O aumento de casos de pitiose tem sido denotado em diversos municípios de PE e da BA. Neste contexto, o emprego do imunoterápico pode ser uma alternativa a ser pesquisada. Portanto, estudos futuros devem ser realizados para investigar o efeito da imunoterapia aplicada à pitiose em ovinos.

  12. Possible relation between the NOS3 gene GLU298ASP polymorphism and bladder cancer in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verim, Levent; Toptas, Bahar; Ozkan, Nazli Ezgi; Cacina, Canan; Turan, Saime; Korkmaz, Gurbet; Yaylim, Ilhan

    2013-01-01

    Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), encoded by the NOS3 gene, has been suggested to play an important role in uncontrolled cell growth in several cancer types. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of the NOS3 Glu298Asp polymorphism in bladder cancer susceptibility in a Turkish population. We determined the genotypes of 66 bladder cancer cases and 88 healthy controls. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. A significant association for NOS3 Glu298Asp heterozygotes genotypes and T allely were found between healthy controls and bladder cancer, respectively (pNOS3 GT genotype in bladder cancer susceptibility in our Turkish population.

  13. [Research Progress of NOS3 Participation in Regulatory Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ting; Chi, Qingjia; Wang, Guixue

    2016-02-01

    Cardiovascular disease has been a major threat to human's health and lives for many years. It is of great importance to explore the mechanisms and develop strategies to prevent the pathogenesis. Generally, cardiovascular disease is associated with endothelial dysfunction, which is closely related to the nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilatation. The release of NO is regulated by NOS3 gene in mammals' vascular system. A great deal of evidences have shown that the polymorphism and epigenetic of NOS3 gene play vital roles in the pathological process of cardiovascular disease. To gain insights into the role of NOS3 in the cardiovascular diseases, we reviewed the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of cardiovascular diseases in this paper, including the uncoupling of NOS3 protein, epigenetic and polymorphism of NOS3 gene. The review can also offer possible strategies to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases.

  14. Obesity, inflammation, and exercise training: relative contribution of iNOS and eNOS in the modulation of vascular function in the mouse aorta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Fernandes da Silva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background - The understanding of obsesity-related vascular dysfunction remains controversial mainly because of the diseases associated with vascular injury. Exercise training is known to prevent vascular dysfunction. Using an obesity model without comorbidities, we aimed at investigating the underlying mechanism of vascular dysfunction and how exercise interferes with this process.Methods - High-sugar diet was used to induce obesity in mice. Exercise training was performed 5 days/week. Body weight, energy intake, and adipose tissues were assessed; blood metabolic and hormonal parameters were determined; and serum TNFα was measured. Blood pressure and heart rate were assessed by plethysmography. Changes in aortic isometric tension were recorded on myograph. Western blot was used to analyze protein expression. Nitric oxide (NO was evaluated using fluorescence microscopy. Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides were used for inducible nitric oxide synthase isoform (iNOS knockdown.Results - Body weight, fat mass, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol fraction, insulin, and leptin were higher in the sedentary obese group (SD than in the sedentary control animals (SS. Exercise training prevented these changes. No difference in glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, blood pressure, and heart rate was found. Decreased vascular relaxation and reduced endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS functioning in the SD group were prevented by exercise. Contractile response to phenylephrine was decreased in the aortas of the wild SD mice, compared with that of the SS group; however, no alteration was noted in the SD iNOS-/- animals. The decreased contractility was endothelium-dependent, and was reverted by iNOS inhibition or iNOS silencing. The aortas from the SD group showed increased basal NO production, serum TNFα, TNF receptor-1, and phospho-IκB. Exercise training attenuated iNOS-dependent reduction in contractile response in high-sugar diet

  15. ChAT and NOS in human myenteric neurons: co-existence and co-absence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Martin; Schlabrakowski, Anne; Schrödl, Falk; Neuhuber, Winfried; Brehmer, Axel

    2009-10-01

    Most myenteric neurons contain one of the two generating enzymes for major excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters: choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) or neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Two minor groups of myenteric neurons contain either both enzymes or neither. Our study had two aims: (1) to compare the proportions of neurons stained for ChAT and/or NOS in human small and large intestinal whole-mounts by co-staining with an antibody against the human neuronal protein Hu C/D (HU); (2) to characterize these neurons morphologically by co-staining with a neurofilament (NF) antibody. In small intestinal whole-mounts co-stained with HU, we counted more ChAT-positive (ChAT+) than NOS+ neurons (52% vs. 38%), whereas the large intestine exhibited fewer ChAT+ than NOS+ neurons (38% vs. 50%). Neurons co-reactive for both ChAT and NOS accounted for about 3% in both regions, whereas neurons negative for both enzymes accounted for 7% in the small intestine and 8% in the large intestine. Co-staining with NF revealed that, in both small and large intestine, ChAT+/NOS+ neurons were either spiny (type I) neurons or displayed smaller perikarya that were weakly or not NF-stained. Of all spiny neurons, almost one third was co-reactive for ChAT and NOS, whereas nearly two thirds were positive only for NOS. Neurons negative for both ChAT and NOS were heterogeneous in size and NF reactivity. Thus, neither the co-existence nor the co-absence of ChAT and NOS in human myenteric neurons is indicative for particular neuron types, with several qualitative and quantitative parameters showing a wide range of interindividual variability.

  16. A SOCIEDADE CARIOCA NOS CONTOS DE NELSON RODRIGUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdemar Valente Junior (UniverCidade

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A coletânea de contos intitulada A vida como ela é..., de Nelson Rodrigues, como um retrato da classe média suburbana do Rio de Janeiro nos anos cinquenta. As situações que envolvem sexo e violência no contexto de transformações econômicas e sociais da sociedade brasileira. A decadência da moral burguesa embutida nessas narrativas como uma continuidade dos temas explorados em suas peças.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Narrativa. Sociedade. Violência. Casamento. Adultério. Abstract The collection of short-stories named A vida como ela é…, by Nelson Rodrigues, as a picture of the suburban middle class of Rio de Janeiro in the fifties. The situations that involve sex and violence in the context of economic and social transformations of the brazilian society. The decadence of the bourgeois moral inserted in that narratives like a continuity of the themes explored in his plays.KEYWORDS: Narrative. Society. Violence. Wedding. Adultery

  17. Heterose em suínos na fase de aleitamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Bento Sterman Ferraz

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Visando avaliar o ganho de produtividade, advindo da heterose, no peso de suínos em fase de aleitamento, analisaram-se os pesos ao nascimento(PO, 21 dias de idade (P21 e desmama (PD de 746leitões, sendo 201 da raça Landrace, 136 Wessex-Saddleback e 409 mestiços, pelo método dos quadrados mínimos, considerando-se, ainda, os efeitos fixos de época e ano de nascimento, ordem do parto, sexo do leitão e tamanho da leitegada, além de raças paterna e materna e suas interações. Os efeitos não genéticos tiveram influência significativa em quase todas as características. Os mestiços mostraram, em geral, pesos superiores aos puros, com estimativas de heterose de 2,6% para PO, 9,7% para P21 e 13,9% para PD, indicando a importância da herança não aditiva à medida que os leitões ficam menos dependentes de suas mães. Os efeitos de interação entre as raças paterna e materna foram cada vez maiores com o avançar da idade. Os resultados indicam haver ganho de produtividade coma utilização deste tipo de cruzamento.

  18. A simbologia presente nos estilos de Karate-Dō

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandel José Pacheco LOPES FILHO

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO objetivo deste estudo é interpretar os diferentes significados existentes nos emblemas/símbolos de estilos e escolas de Karate-Dō, analisando seus elementos internos e sua importância dentro dessa prática. Para sua realização, foram realizadas três etapas distintas: 1 catalogação e investigação dos estilos e escolas de Karate-Dō com maior representatividade histórica, cultural e política; 2 identificação dos símbolos utilizados por cada um desses estilos e escolas; e 3 análise de cada um desses símbolos. Essa análise torna-se importante para uma compreensão mais profunda dos diferentes significados envolvidos na prática do Karate-Dō, pois, apesar de seguirem um conjunto de valores comum a todos os Budō, as escolas possuem sua própria visão de mundo, utilizando seus símbolos para reforçar ou externar tais conceitos. A maior parte dos símbolos analisados demonstra um aprofundamento cultural em seus grafismos, sendo reconhecidos alguns elementos até de aspecto espiritual ou religioso. Esse simbolismo, em si, mostra um aspecto relevante para a compreensão do próprio fenômeno multicultural nomeado Karate-Dō.

  19. Assédio moral nos ambientes corporativos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yumara Lúcia Vasconcelos

    Full Text Available Resumo:Esse artigo teve como objetivo caracterizar o assédio moral nos ambientes corporativos à luz do paradigma conceitual do que se concebe como "dignidade humana" e violação do princípio jurídico da boa-fé. Especificamente, visou identificar padrões na argumentação jurídica e no enquadramento de práticas nocivas à saúde mental do trabalhador. O estudo, de natureza qualitativa, tomou por base o estudo de situações jurídicas, orientando-se pela demanda por definição e caracterização da prática assediadora no âmbito organizacional e dos limites do conceito da dignidade humana. Como principal resultado, o estudo colocou em contraste a necessidade de contextualização do fato propulsor da denúncia e caracterização do assédio, sem olvidar a relevância do significado ou sentido atribuído pelo indivíduo ao fenômeno analisado.

  20. NASA Operational Simulator for Small Satellites (NOS3)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemerick, Scott

    2015-01-01

    The Simulation-to-Flight 1 (STF-1) CubeSat mission aims to demonstrate how legacy simulation technologies may be adapted for flexible and effective use on missions using the CubeSat platform. These technologies, named NASA Operational Simulator (NOS), have demonstrated significant value on several missions such as James Webb Space Telescope, Global Precipitation Measurement, Juno, and Deep Space Climate Observatory in the areas of software development, mission operationstraining, verification and validation (VV), test procedure development and software systems check-out. STF-1 will demonstrate a highly portable simulation and test platform that allows seamless transition of mission development artifacts to flight products. This environment will decrease development time of future CubeSat missions by lessening the dependency on hardware resources. In addition, through a partnership between NASA GSFC, the West Virginia Space Grant Consortium and West Virginia University, the STF-1 CubeSat will hosts payloads for three secondary objectives that aim to advance engineering and physical-science research in the areas of navigation systems of small satellites, provide useful data for understanding magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and space weather, and verify the performance and durability of III-V Nitride-based materials.