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Sample records for raya psammobatis extenta

  1. Biología de la raya Psammobatis extenta (Garman, 1913 (Batoidea: Rajidae Biology of the skate Psammobatis extenta (Garman, 1913 (Batoidea: Rajidae

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    JUAN M. BRACCINI

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Psammobatis extenta es un miembro común de la fauna de rayas de las costas de Sudamérica y su biología ha sido poco estudiada. Se investigaron aspectos de la biología de P. extenta a partir de datos obtenidos del descarte de arrastres comerciales de la flota pesquera de Puerto Quequén, Argentina, en febrero de 2000. La talla máxima alcanzada por las hembras fue 313 mm L T y 295 mm L T, por los machos. Las proporciones que presentaron menor variación y relación isométrica fueron: distancia narina-boca, distancia interorbital, longitud ojo+espiráculo, largo de disco y ancho de disco. La relación L T-Peso total presentó diferencias significativas (P Psammobatis extenta is a common off-shore member of the South American skate fauna and its biology is poorly known. Aspects of the biology of P. extenta were investigated using data collected from bycatch of commercial trawls in February 2000 off the coast of Puerto Quequén, Argentina. The maximum size attained by females was 313 mm T L and 295 mm T L, by males. Measurements that presented less variation and isometric relation were: nare to mouth length, distance between orbits, orbit and spiracle length, disc length and disc width. There were significant differences (P < 0.05 in the T L -Total weight relation between females and males, the former attaining a greater weight for the same T L. Males reach maturity between 260 and 266 mm in length, about 89 % of their maximum size. Females reach maturity at a length of 236-255 mm, about 79 % of their maximum size. Gravid females (13 % of the mature females presented one egg case per oviduct (single oviparity. There is sexual dimorphism in dentition and alar spines: mature males have pointed conical cusps and possess alar spines along the outer margins of the upper disc, whereas female and immature males have grinding blunt teeth

  2. Daya Dukung Jalur Pendakian Bukit Raya Di Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Raya Kalimantan Barat

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    Toto Aryanto

    2017-04-01

      ABSTRACT Their efforts to save the forests and increase the amount of benefit, at this time began use of environmental services, one through nature tourism activities. Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park as a conservation area has been used as a natural tourism activities and one of them is climbing Bukit Raya. In addition to have a positive impact, climbing activities also had a negative impact if it does not pay attention to the environmental carrying capacity climbing lane itself. This study aimed to calculate the carrying capacity Bukit Raya hiking paths that are on the West Kalimantan. The method used in this research is to calculate the physical carrying capacity (PCC, the real carrying capacity (RCC and the effective carrying capacity (ECC with the formula developed by Cifuentes (1992. Calculation shows the value of PCC in Bukit Raya hiking trail is 200 people per day, RCC sebannyak 15 people per day and Bukit Raya ECC climbing path can not be calculated due to the lack of tread design that affect the facility and the appointment of management personnel definitively. Keywords:  Capability, Trailhead, Ecotourism, National Park, Bukit Raya Cara sitasi: Aryanto ,T., Purnaweni, H., dan Soeprobowati, T. R. (2016. Daya Dukung Jalur Pendakian Bukit Raya di Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Bukit Raya Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan,14(2,72-76, doi:10.14710/jil.14.2.72-76

  3. Daya Dukung Jalur Pendakian Bukit Raya Di Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Raya Kalimantan Barat

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    Aryanto, Toto; Purnaweni, Hartuti; Soeprobowati, Tri Retnaningsih

    2016-01-01

    Their efforts to save the forests and increase the amount of benefit, at this time began use of environmental services, one through nature tourism activities. Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park as a conservation area has been used as a natural tourism activities and one of them is climbing Bukit Raya. In addition to have a positive impact, climbing activities also had a negative impact if it does not pay attention to the environmental carrying capacity climbing lane itself. This study aimed ...

  4. Daya Dukung Jalur Pendakian Bukit Raya Di Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Raya Kalimantan Barat

    OpenAIRE

    Toto Aryanto; Hartuti Purnaweni; Tri Retnaningsih Soeprobowati

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRAK Adanya upaya penyelamatan hutan dan peningkatan nilai manfaatnya, pada saat ini mulai dilakukan pemanfaatan jasa lingkungan, salah satunya melalui kegiatan pariwisata alam. Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Bukit Raya sebagai kawasan konservasi telah dimanfaatkan sebagai kegiatan pariwisata alam dan salah satunya adalah pendakian Bukit Raya. Selain memilki dampak positif, kegiatan pendakian juga memiliki dampak negatif jika tidak memperhatikan daya dukung lingkungan jalur pendakian itu se...

  5. Bentuk Penyajian Tari Pho di Gampong Simpang Peut Nagan Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Putri, Reizna; Supadmi, Tri; Ramdiana, Ramdiana

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini berjudul “Bentuk Penyajian Tari Pho di Gampong Simpang Peut Nagan Raya” mengangkat masalah bagaimana bentuk penyajian tari tradisional Pho yang ada di Gampong Simpang Peut Nagan Raya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bentuk penyajian tari Pho Di Gampong Simpang Peut Nagan Raya. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian deskriptif. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah pelatih dan penari di Gampong Simpang...

  6. PENGEMIS ANAK DI PASAR RAYA PADANG, SUMATERA BARAT

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    Mira Dona Eka Putri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated many children become beggars in Pasar Raya Padang. Children are supposed to be from morning till noon at school, but in realita, a lot of them are also found to work as beggars on the streets. Study aimed to describe :  (1 Opinion of the nuclear family (parents internally about children working as beggars in the Kingdom Market Padang, (2 external opinion families, about children who work as beggars in Pasar Raya Padang , (3 Causes of child Begging.This research was conducted for three months ie from December to February. From the results of research in the field shows that the causes of child begging in Pasar Raya Padang caused by several things: (1 The opinion of parents whose children work as beggars said that, it is risky and unsafe. (2 The opinion of the child beggars external parties include family, peer opinion is that amplifies the children to become beggars. (3 The opinion of other factors beyond the family as a second opinion includes the school , neighbors and community leaders, there are some people who think negatively and most positively to the beggar child labor. (4 Knowledge and understanding of the life of the child beggars begging. (5 Analysis of the combination  internal and external. Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi banyaknya anak-anak yang menjadi pengemis di Pasar Raya Padang. Anak-anak yang seharusnya dari pagi sampai siang berada disekolah, namun pada realitasnya, banyak juga mereka ditemukan dijalanan bekerja sebagai pengemis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan : (1 Pendapat keluarga inti (orang tua secara internal tentang anak bekerja sebagai pengemis di Pasar Raya Padang; (2 Pendapat pihak eksternal keluarga, tentang anak yang bekerja sebagai pengemis di Pasar Raya Padang; (3 Faktor Penyebab Anak Mengemis. Dari hasil penelitian di lapangan menunjukkan bahwa faktor penyebab anak mengemis di Pasar Raya Padang disebabkan oleh beberapa hal yaitu : (1 Pendapat orang tua yang anaknya

  7. Perencanaan Sistem Proteksi Petir Masjid Raya Mujahidin Menggunakan Metode Bola Bergulir (Rolling Sphere Method)

    OpenAIRE

    Zainal Hakim

    2015-01-01

    Masjid Raya Mujahidin memiliki struktur bangunan yang tinggi, dimana 4 buah tower masing-masing memiliki tinggi ± 62 meter dan Kubah yang berada di tengah dengan tinggi ± 40 meter. Mengingat hari guruh di wilayah Kota Pontianak yang sangat tinggi yaitu 219 hari/tahun, maka Masjid Raya Mujahidin sangat rentan akan sambaran petir. Oleh karena itu untuk menghindari dampak dari sambaran petir, Masjid Raya Mujahidin sangat perlu dipasang proteksi petir eksternal. Metode yang digunakan dalam penent...

  8. Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi, Kepemimpinan, dan Motivasi Kerja terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan CV Surya Raya

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    Laksmi Sito Dwi Irvianti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted on CV Surya Raya which is engaged in car shipping. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of organization culture, leadership, and working motivation partially to employees’ satisfaction in CV Surya Raya. The data was collected by conducting interviews with the company and distributing questionnaires to 67 employees as respondents and then analyzed using linear regression analysis method. From the research results, leadership variable does not have a significant impact on employees' job satisfaction in CV Surya Raya. Whereas, the motivation variable has greater influence on job satisfaction of CV Surya Raya employees compared to the organization's culture.

  9. Pemberian Tunjangan Hari Raya Atau THR Bagi Pekerja Dirumah Sakit Kisaran Berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri Ketenagakerjaan No.6 Tahun 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Yudha, M. Alfahri

    2017-01-01

    120200380 Fenomena pemberian tunjangan hari raya (THR) di Indonesia merupakan suatu bentuk pemberian kehormatan kepada pekerja/buruh yang merayakan hari raya keagamaan. Dengan meninjau permasalahan yang dibahas di skripsi ini yaitu Bagaimana Tinjauan Umum Menurut Peraturan Perundang ? Undangan yang Mengatur Pembayaran Tunjangan Hari Raya di Rumah Sakit Kisaran, Bagaimana Mekanisme Pemberian Tunjangan Hari Raya Kepada Pekerja di Rumah Sakit Kisaran, Bagaimana Sanksi Terhadap Keterlambatan P...

  10. Strategi Bersaing Agroindustri Lapis Bogor Sangkuriang PT. Agrinesia Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Nuning Setyowati, Gayatri Zahra Sulthanah Mohamad Harisudin

    2016-01-01

    : This study aims to determine the critical success factors in marketing products Lapis Bogor Sangkuriang, to know the competitive position of products Lapis Bogor Sangkuriang compared with its competitors, and to find alternative competitive strategy that can be applied in marketing of Lapis Bogor Sangkuriang by PT. Agrinesia Raya. The basic method used was descriptive analysis method. Locations was intentionally selected (purposive) method. This study used primary and secondary data. Data a...

  11. Strategi Najib Razak Dalam Upaya Pemenangan Pemilihan Raya Malaysia 2013

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    Pakpahan, Saiman; Permadi, Arya Luthfi

    2015-01-01

    This research is aimed to see how Najib Razak uses his foreign policy attacking Sabah as his winning strategy on Malaysia Election €œPemilihan Raya€ in 2013. Najib Razak and his party, UMNO (United Malay National Organization) is not in good condition where it has lost many votes in 2008 election. Toward this situation, Najib Razak also faced Sulu€™s Attack that is commited by MNLF.This research uses pluralism perspective and idiosincratic theory where stuffs related to personal life of the ...

  12. Proyeksi Elastisitas Permintaan Telur Ayam Ras di Malang Raya

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    Nanang Febrianto

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study was aimed to analyze the socio-economic factors of consumers on the demand of eggs and analyze the elasticity of egg demand in Malang Raya. The research was conducted in Malang regency, Malang city and Batu city. The research method was conducted by survey. The number of respondents was 150 people so that each region consists of 50 respondents. Data analysis using natural Cobb-Douglas’s logarithm. The results of the analysis showed that the factors that influence the elasticity of egg demand in Malang Raya were the price of laying egg, income, number of family, education and gender. Price elasticity on demand of chicken eggs was elastic with a value of -2.301. The value of income elasticity of chicken egg demand is 0.285 means that it was inelastic, then the egg of chicken was normal. The value of cross price elasticity between demand of chicken eggs against milkfish was -2,289 meaning that milkfish was a substitute for laying egg.

  13. Urbanization and the Resulting Peripheralization in Solo Raya, Indonesia

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    Pradoto, W.; Mardiansjah, F. H.; Manullang, O. R.; Putra, A. A.

    2018-02-01

    Dynamic urbanization in Solo Raya, a local term for Surakarta Metropolitan, amongst rapid regional based-urbanization in Indonesia, shows the unbalance pattern of growth. A number of Surakarta City’s peripherals become the newly growing area which is characterized by a well-facilitated region, while the former urbanized areas next to the city center present the declining process. Different socioeconomic development triggers a unique mosaic of socio-spatial pattern, on which the phenomena of peripheralization could be investigated. Urban investment that boosted by the political will of both the national and local government has led to a shift in demographic condition. A relatively massive in-migration has been attracted to the peripheral and creates the new landscape of urban-rural society. Complex dynamic of metropolitan growth and the resulting peripheralization reminds that socio-spatial pattern calls the challenges for managing the rapid change of land use and space use. The pattern of urbanization that differs upon the surrounding areas of Surakarta City would be interesting to be explored. This paper will discuss the conceptual framework of peripheral urbanization and the methodological approach. It is actually the part of ongoing research on peripheralisation in Solo Raya.

  14. Gambaran Kecelakaan Kerja Di PT. Socfindo Kebun Seunagan Kabupaten Nagan Raya Tahun 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Yustini, Cut Neifa

    2010-01-01

    Accident at work is surely something that nobody wants to have or expect to. There are 24 cases of work accident happened in Socfindo Company Seunagan Plantation Nagan Raya Regency in 2008. The objective of the research is description of the cases of work accident in Socfindo Company Seunagan Plantation Nagan Raya Regency by using qualitative approach, the data is gotten from indepth interview with Socfindo worker. There are 23 cases accident that have ever happened in 2008. The interview ...

  15. KAJIAN HARGA SEWA BANGUNAN KOMERSIAL DI KORIDOR JALAN RAYA KALIMALANG, JAKARTA

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    Ajeng Laras Adhiani

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Koridor Jalan Raya Kalimalang merupakan kawasan yang berkembang pesat dan memiliki harga lahan yang tinggi karena adanya aktivitas komersial. Hal ini menjadikan pemilik lahan lebih memilih untuk menyewakan bangunan yang berada di atas lahan miliknya karena dianggap lebih menguntungkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis harga sewa bangunan di koridor Jalan Raya Kalimalang, Jakarta beserta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya terkait aktivitas komersial. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode kuantitatif. Temuan studi yang diperoleh adalah perkembangan aktivitas komersial di koridor Jalan Raya Kalimalang dipengaruhi oleh faktor lokasi, aksesibilitas, infrastruktur, dan kesesuaian kawasan. Harga sewa bangunan di koridor Jalan Raya Kalimalang mulai dari Rp20.000.000 - Rp100.000.000/ tahun. Aktivitas komersial di koridor Jalan Raya Kalimalang semakin berkembang. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari semakin meningkatnya permintaan, tetapi tidak diimbangi dengan ketersediaan bangunan yakni hanya 9,04%. Terdapat sembilan faktor yang mempengaruhi harga sewa bangunan di koridor Jalan Raya Kalimalang, yaitu faktor ketersediaan bangunan, tata letak bangunan, lokasi, asal konsumen, kesesuaian koridor, luas bangunan, usia bangunan, kondisi bangunan, dan faktor jangka waktu sewa.

  16. PEMBUATAN GAME EDUKASI PETUALANGAN SI GEMUL SEBAGAI PEMBELAJARAN PENGENALAN DAERAH SOLO RAYA PADA ANAK

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    Fendi Aji Purnomo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan administrasi setelah Orde Baru pemerintah telah menghapus tingkat Karesidenan di Indonesia termasuk Karesidenan Surakarta. Akibatnya nama Karesidenan Surakarta berubah menjadi Eks-Karesidenan Surakarta atau Wilayah Solo Raya. Wilayah Solo Raya terdiri dari tujuh Kabupaten tiga di antaranya berbatasan langsung dengan kota Solo yaitu Boyolali, Sukoharjo dan Karanganyar. Tiga yang lain tidak berbatasan langsung yaitu Wonogiri, Sragen dan Klaten. Masing-masing daerah memiliki slogan, tempat wisata dan makanan khas yang berbeda, namun masih banyak masyarakat yang kurang mengenalnya. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa kebanyakan anak-anak usia sekolah dasar belum mengetahui daerah-daerah mana saja yang masuk dalam daerah Solo Raya. Saat ini teknologi semakin berkembang secara pesat dan penggunaan gadget dapat difungsikan sebagai media edukasi. Dalam penelitian ini telah dikembangkan Game Edukasi berjudul Petualangan Gembul untuk mengenal daerah di Solo Raya Berbasis Android. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengembagan game ini adalah Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC Water Fall dimulai dari analisis, perancangan, pembuatan, pengujian dan pemeliharaan. Model permainan yang disajikan level pertama berupa adventure yang dilengkapi latar belakang daerah khas masing-masing, level kedua berupa kuis tanya jawab dan level ketiga berupa game puzzel yang berisi foto khas daerah untuk ditata ulang. Pengujian yang dilakukan meliputi pengujian perangkat terhadap 3 perangkat android yang berbeda spesifikasinya dan pengujian hasil pembuatan game melalui kuisioner dalam aspek penyampaian informasi dan desain visual game. Hasil penelitian menyebutkan bahwa 75% game tersebut memudahkan dalam mengenal daerah Solo Raya dan 79% menyebutkan bahwa tampilan game tersebut menarik. Kata kunci: game, android, anak, solo raya.

  17. Uji Kualitas Mikrobiologis Minuman Teh Poci yang Dijual Pedagang Kaki Lima di Pasar Raya Padang

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    Genta Pradana

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Minuman Teh Poci merupakan produk minuman yang berkembang pesat dan banyak dijual oleh pedagang kaki lima di Padang terutama di Pasar Raya kota Padang. Penjualan Teh Poci oleh pedagang kaki lima di Pasar Raya tidak mengikuti sistem franchise yang mempunyai standar kebersihan penyajian menyebabkan proses pembuatan Teh Pociyang  dijual di Pasar Raya tidak terjamin kebersihan penyajianya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menguji kualitas mikrobiologis  minuman Teh Poci yang dijual pedagang kaki lima di Pasar Raya Padang. Minuman yang diperiksa adalah minuman Teh Poci yang dijual di sepanjang jalan Pasar Raya dengan mengambil 13 sampel. Penelitian dilakukan dari bulan November 2011- September 2012 dengan menggunakan metode Most Probable Number (MPN yang terdiri dari tes penduga dan tes konfirmasi. Dari 13 sampel minuman yang diperiksa seluruh sampel tersebutmengandung bakteri Coliform. Faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi adalah kebersihan penjual minuman dalam menutup kemasan minuman, kurangnya higiene perseorangan, lokasi penjualan di tengah pasar, es batu yang tidak bersih, dan alat-alat yang digunakan. Kesimpulan penelitian ini ialah minuman Teh Poci yang dijual di Pasar Raya Padang tidak memenuhi standar kualitas mikrobiologis air minum yang sudah ditetapkan pada Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan tahun No. 492 tahun 2010.Kata kunci: pedagang kaki lima, teh Poci, higieneAbstract Teh Poci has become popular nowadays. There is a significant movement of Teh Poci street sellers in Padang especially in Pasar Raya Padang. Teh Poci street sellers in Pasar Raya do not buy the franchise system which has the appropriate standard for food serving. The Teh Poci stands are also located in the middle of traditional market which cause the serving to the society do not fulfill the sanitary standard.One of the indicators of water contamination is by measuring the amount of the coliform bacteria presents in water.  The objective of this study was to do

  18. Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Keberadaan Signage (Studi Kasus Jalan Tjilik Riwut di Kota Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah)

    OpenAIRE

    Nopemberi, Andri; Suprapti, Atiek; Murtomo, Bambang Adji

    2015-01-01

    Keberadaan signage disatu sisi tidak terlepas dari peran masyarakat sebagai objek konsumsi, selain itu juga seringkali penempatan signage tersebut merambah kawasan ruang publik perkotaan (public space). Dalam perkembangannya, Kota Palangka Raya sudah menggunakan signage di samping menciptakan karakter tertentu pada lingkungan, pemasangan signage juga memberikan masalah tersendiri. Konflik juga terjadi karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan antara public environmental information dan private sign...

  19. The Traditional Economic Space Management System in Pasar Raya Padang Market, West Sumatera after the Earthquake 2009

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    Zusmelia Zusmelia

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The Pasar Raya Padang suffered various dynamics and changes since the West Sumatera earthquake 2009. Many studies hadbeen conducted by academicians and researchers, but no study offering the model of economic space govern at Pasar Raya Padang according to traders’ needs. This paper was conducted by qualitative approach offers the models of traditional economic space govern in the city of Padang. This research had been conducted since 2015 in Pasar Raya Padang. The data were collected through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions (FGD, observation and document study. The result is that the traders as the primary market stakeholders want to have the model of economic space govern integrated over the system, the infrastructures, and market layout. The traders intend to have Pasar Raya Padang that still uses traditional systembut the physical buildings thatare set up as a modern market with complete facilities.

  20. KEBUN RAYA BOTANI DENGAN SISTEM WTP (WATER TREATMENT PLAN DI MAKASSAR

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    Sri Innayah Wahid

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak—Pariwisata merupakan salah satu sumber devisa yang sangat potensial dan mempunyai andil besar dalam membangun perekonomian yang memiliki nilai jual menjadi objek yang menguntungkan bagi kemajuan Makassar. Tujuan wisata yang hanya ada di Makassar menciptakan rasa ingin tahu pengunjung untuk berkunjung.Pengunjung yang datang menginvestasikan akomodasi seluruh kegiatan wisata dengan pengusaha lokal setempat.Pengunjung domestik maupun asing juga menjadi sumber pendapatan bagi masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar objek wisata. Laporan ini bertujuan untuk menata elemen-elemen fisik kawasan seperti tata guna lahan, bentuk dan massa bangunan, jalur pejalan kaki, sirkulasi dan parker signage atau penanda, serta fasilitas pendukung kedalam suatu kawasan kebun raya botani yang dibutuhkan untuk mencapai kenyamanan bagi para pengguna lahan dan menerapkan sistem WTP dalam bentuk desain yang bersifat berkelanjutan (sustainable.dan tujuan non arsitektural yang lain untuk merumuskan kegiatan rekayasa tumbuhan secara alami sehingga kebun raya botani dapat menjadi alternatif pusat pendidikan, mengelompokkan tanaman yang sesuai dengan iklim dan kondisi tapak kebun raya botani, untuk menentukan sistem kerja WTP dalam kebun raya botani yang dapat memenuhi kebutuhan tanaman. Hasil laporan ini berupa desain penataan kebun raya botani dengan sistem WTP (water Treatment Plan di Makassar Kata Kunci :kebun raya botani, WTP Abstract- Tourism is one potential source of foreign exchange and have a larger share in building an economy that has a sale value into an object that is beneficial to the progress of Makassar. Tourist destinations that exist only in Makassar creates curiosity of visitors to visit. Visitors who come to invest accommodation all over the local tourism activities with local entrepreneurs. Domestic and foreign visitors are also a source of income for the people who live around the attraction. This report aims to restructure the physical elements

  1. IMPLEMENTASI TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE DI DEPARTEMEN NON JAHIT PT. KERTA RAJASA RAYA

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    Ronald E. Stok

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effectivity improvement of production facility in factory is not only on facility manitenance but also on human resources. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM gives an optimal solution to effectivity improvement. A case study of TPM implementation have done in non sewing department of PT Kerta Rajasa Raya. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Peningkatan efektivitas dari fasilitas produksi di suatu perusahaan bukan hanya terbatas pada perawatan fasilitas kerja saja tetapi juga sumber daya manusia. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM memberikan suatu solusi optimal terhadap peningkatan efektivitas dengan melibatkan semua sumber daya manusia yang bertanggung jawab terhadap fasilitas produksi. Suatu studi kasus terhadap pengimplementasian TPM dilakukan di departemen non jahit PT. Kerta Rajasa Raya. Kata kunci : TPM, MTTF, Autonomous Maintenance.

  2. Fireworks related injuries during Hari Raya festival in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia--1986 to 1990.

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    Isa, A R; Moe, H

    1991-12-01

    A total of 38 cases of fireworks related injuries from Hospital USM over a 5-year period from 1986 to 1990 during Hari Raya festival were analysed. The majority (68.5%) of the patients were teenagers, between 10 to 19 years of age. All the cases were Malays and most of the accidents occurred before the Hari Raya Idilfitri festive seasons. Fourteen cases were caused by self-made fireworks and another 16 cases were due to modified fire-works. Twenty-four cases suffered permanent disabilities mostly finger amputations. Such injuries could be prevented by law enforcement coupled with public health education to modify social behaviour especially when the ban against the use of fireworks is lifted on religious grounds.

  3. Pengaruhkompensasi dan Kondisi Kerja terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan PT. Sentra Karya Cahaya Raya di Pekanbaru

    OpenAIRE

    Susanto, Andri

    2014-01-01

    The study was conducted in PT. Sentra Karya Raya Pekanbaru Light which is a general trade contractors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of compensation and working conditions on employee job satisfaction. The study population was the entire staff of about 63 employees who conducted the census. Analysis of data using multiple linear regression analysis using SPSS 17 for windows. The results showed that compensation and a significant positive effect on job satisfaction. In co...

  4. Effect of Traditional Gold Mining to Surface Water Quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wilopo, W; Resili, R; Putra, D P E

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  5. Visitors’ awareness of the tsunami evacuation plan in Pasar Raya Padang, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemal, B. M.; Yosritzal; Purnawan; Putra, H.

    2018-04-01

    This paper presents an investigation into the visitors’ awareness of the tsunami evacuation plan at Pasar Raya Padang, a traditional market at the central business district of Padang City, Indonesia. This study has been motivated by the fact that Pasar Raya Padang is the largest traditional market in West Sumatera and visited by many visitors from various origins. Pasar Raya Padang is chosen because it is located at a tsunami prone area, but local government managed to keep businesses in the area running and attract visitors. The awareness of the people in the market would be crucial to increase the possibility to safe their life during an evacuation. As much as 500 respondents were interviewed during daytime in the market. The study found that most of the visitors are not aware of the tsunami evacuation plan in the area. Local government is suggested to develop standard procedure for the evacuation, to place more sign and make it more visible for most of the visitors and do evacuation simulations periodically.

  6. Feeding ecology of elasmobranch species in southeastern Brazil

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    Alessandra F. Viana

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The feeding ecology of five elasmobranch species was studied on the southern coast of Rio de Janeiro, southwestern Atlantic Ocean. The specimens were caught with a trawl or bottom longline between January 2006 and August 2007. The diets of Psammobatis rutrum and Psammobatis extenta appeared to be basically carcino-benthophagous, with a very small niche width. Rioraja agassizii was basically carcino/ichthyo-benthophagous, also with a narrow niche, including teleost fish and shrimp, but in different proportions according to age and sex. Rhizoprionodon lalandii was ichthyophagous, not influenced by age or sex. The analyses of these species and Atlantoraja cyclophora indicated two trophic groups: one composed of the smaller rays, P. extenta and P. rutrum, which basically fed on small crustaceans, polychaetes and nematodes; and the other of R. lalandii and the larger rays R. agassizii and A. cyclophora, which preyed on teleost fish and brachyurans.

  7. SKENARIO PENGEMBANGAN SISTEM ANGKUTAN UMUM DI KOTA PALANGKA RAYA BERBASIS SISTEM TRANSPORTASI BERKELANJUTAN

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    Sutan Parasian Silitonga

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The concept of a sustainable and environmental transportation system emphasizes the widespread use of public transport, but the fact is very contrary to the development of the motorization trend era in Asian countries, especially the use of private vehicles motorcycles type. This is very closely related to the low functionality of public transport utilities, so it is not interesting to use. The success in the implementation of sustainable transportation policy is highly depended on the situation and condition of a city and the approach and understanding of the characteristics of society behavior, so that in the development of a city's public transport system there are not only technical and economic considerations but also community (social preference consideration as an important part that unignoreable.  This research specifically aimed to respond the community preferences using Multinomial Logit  (MNL model on several development scenarios of public transportation system in Palangka Raya based on scenario of road network pattern, traffic flow characteristic and land use type where the scenario analyzed using Analytic Hierarchy Procces (AHP based on key parameters such as costs, construction and planning time, passenger capacity, flexibility, velocity, influence on city development and environment. The results of the study based on AHP analysis and regression analysis on community responses provided clear guidance on appropriate scenarios developed in Palangka Raya City where one of the main factor in the implementation consideration was the financial capability of the city. Final conclusion, the development of public transportation system scenario of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT model equipped with feeder became a worthy considered option by the government of Palangka Raya City. Keywords: AHP, MNL, Development Scenario, BRT

  8. Analisis Dampak Negatif Facebook pada Remaja Kelas X IPS SMA Kemala Bhayangkari Kubu Raya

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    Malindo, Hari

    2017-01-01

    The negative impact of the use of facebook is a result caused the use of facebook excessively that can give rise to abuse and diversion to brpengaruh directly to the consumer, and often waste time just to tamper with his facebook account, if not used wisely facebook will have a negative impact to pengggunanya it sendiri..Oleh because the researchers wanted to know more profound analysis of the negative impact on teenagers facebook IPS class X SMA Kemala Bhayangkari Kubu Raya.A common problem ...

  9. Studi Awal Perencanaan Jumlah Kebutuhan BTS dalam Penerapan Menara Bersama Telekomunikasi di Kota Palangka Raya

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    Ari Gunadi Palilu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Tidak dapat dipungkiri bahwa perkembangan teknologi komunikasi bergerak (seluler saat ini semakin meningkat, hal ini terlihat dari semakin banyak dibangunnya menara  telekomunikasi,   terutama   di   Kota  Palangka  Raya. Menara telekomunikasi yang merupakan faktor pendukung dari layanan telekomunikasi seluler terus-menerus dibangun sebagai bentuk dari kebutuhan masyarakat dalam berkomunikasi. Dalam pembangunan menara telekomunikasi tentunya harus memperhatikan beberapa syarat-syarat umum seperti yang terdapat dalam Surat Edaran Direktur Jenderal Penataan Ruang Kementrian Pekerjaan Umum Nomor:06/SE/Dr/2011 tentang Petunjuk Teknis Kriteria Lokasi Menara Telekomunikasi, yang salah satu syaratnya ialah harus memperhatikan aspek estetika ruang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghitung jumlah kebutuhan Base Transceiver Station (BTS sebagai bentuk awal dalam penerapan pembangunan menara telekomunikasi sebagai menara bersama. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut, perhitungan jumlah pelanggan seluler dan kapasitas trafik menjadi metode perencanaan yang dibutuhkan dalam menentukan jumlah BTS dan menara bersama telekomunikasi dalam kurun waktu 5 (lima tahun ke depan. Diharapkan penelitian ini dapat menjadi referensi awal bagi pemerintah kota Palangka Raya dalam membuat suatu perencanaan atau pedoman dalam pembangunan dan pemberian izin pendirian menara telekomunikasi yang nantinya akan menjadi suatu regulasi mengenai menara telekomunikasi, sehingga pembangunan menara bersama dapat tertata dengan baik dengan tetap memperhatikan kualitas layanan bagi masyarakat.

  10. Third-Party Intervention in Asymmetric Conflict Resolution Pasar Raya Padang Post-Earthquake in 2009

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    Putra Ikhsan Muharma

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available After earthquake 30 September 2009 Raya Market Padang began to be disturbed. Padang City Government responded quickly with construction of an emergency store, but has Opposed by some traders because decreased profits and low visitors. This condition triggered a long conflict and has been going on for five years (2009-2014. Many efforts have been made by stakeholders to find a conflict resolution, so it is important to further elaborate who actor has become a third party facilitating asymmetric conflict resolution. Based on the findings, the parties who really are in the position of a third party is the DPRD of Padang City and KOMNASHAM RI. The DPRD of Padang is structurally in the position of the government, but its function is as a representative of the people in the government. This position makes the slices between the DPRD and the traders as the people (constituents and slices with Padang City Government as executive of the city government. The intervention undertaken by the DPRD was Hearing to Raya Market traders, and involving their representatives at the hearing, the DPRD working meeting discussing the issues related in 2nd Commission. Other interventions are controlling the rehabilitation and reconstruction process, and the realization of budgeting in APBD based on the needs of traders.

  11. STRATEGI MENGELOLA KETIDAKSEIMBANGAN SUPPLY AND DEMAND PADA INDUSTRI PERHOTELAN DI SOLO RAYA*

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    Budi Purnomo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Since 2011 hotel industry in Solo Raya has very significant demand and supply imbalance in the fields of room occupancy rate, human resources and finance. So, this research is intended to find strategies to manage the supply and demand imbalance along with long term solutions to overcome these conditions. This process evaluation study is presented to evaluate the implementation of ongoing programs and policies in order to improve their qualities and to asses if they are successfull or failed (Edison, 2009. Several methods of data collection are documentation, observation and field notes and interviews with questionnaire. Subjects of research are whole members of Indonesia Hotel & Restaurant Association (PHRI Surakarta which are classified as star and nonstar hotels, local government officers and tourism service providers. The research findings show that: (1 to increase the room occupancy rate is by increasing the number of guests through promoting special packages offering customized solutions, instead of reducing the number of existing hotels; (2 during low seasons, optimize in-house trainings to improve human resources with expected competencies, entrepreneur souls and risk-taking; and (3 implement a comprehensive efficiency program to maintain healthy financial companies. The research findings imply the needs of political will from government which supports tourism sector to create ‘some sugar’(tourist attractions in Solo Raya that will be consumed by ‘ants’ (tourists.

  12. KARAKTERISTIK MORFOLOGI SERTA PERKEMBANGAN FIG NYAWAI (Ficus variegata Blume DI KEBUN RAYA CIBODAS

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    Agus Astho Pramono

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nyawai (Ficus variegata Blume merupakan salah satu jenis pohon yang memiliki prospek yang baik untuk hutan tanaman. Informasi tentang aspek biologi reproduksinya masih terbatas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik morfologi bunga dan buah nyawai, serta tahapan perkembangan fig. Penelitian dilakukan di Kebun Raya Cibodas, Jawa Barat. Kegiatan penelitian meliputi: 1 pengamatan morfologi bunga dan buah, dan 2 pengamatan perkembangan fig. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik morfologi fig nyawai yang dijumpai di Kebun Raya Cibodas, memiliki variasi yang tinggi dalam hal ukuran dan warna. Berdasarkan karakteristik morfologi bunga, secara individual ditemui dua tipe pohon yang mencirikan sebagai pohon menghasilkan bunga jantan dan penghasil bunga betina. Perbedaan antara tahap bunga, buah muda, dan buah matang tidak dapat dibakukan berdasarkan karakteristik morfologi eksternal dari fig. Tingkat kematangan buah nyawai dapat dilakukan dengan membelah fig. Nyawai tahap kuncup bunga berakhir sekitar 6-11 hari setelah munculya tunas fig, dan tahap bunga berakhir 11-26 hari. Perkembangan kuncup bunga menjadi buah yang matang memakan waktu sekitar 2-3 bulan. Hasil penelitian menyarankan untuk tidak mengumpulkan benih dari fig yang berukuran kecil, meskipun mereka memiliki karakteristik fisik fig yang matang.

  13. Konservasi Keanekaragaman Jenis Tumbuhan Jawa di Kebub Raya Baturraden di Kawasan Bekas Hutan Produksi Terbatas

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    Herawikan Mandiriati

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pengeloaan Kebun Raya Baturraden di Kawasan Hutan Produksi terbatas dapat menimbulkan permasalahan surface run off apabila penanganan lokasi tidak dilakukan secara konservatif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengatasi problematika Perubahan ekositem Hutan Produksi Terbatas yang bersifat homogen menjadi Kebun Raya Baturraden merupakan hutan heterogen. Dengan cara membuat PU (Petak Ukur di zona pemanfaatan keluasan 77,4 Ha, sebanyak 109 PU (Petak Ukur dengan ukuran 20x20 m, intensitas 5,5, jarak antar PU 1, 3 m. Hasil pengamatan   parameter yang menjadi pertimbangan ketinggian tanah antara 1076-760 Dpl, kelerengan tanah 12⁰-30⁰, kedalaman tanah < 85 Cm – 90<, erodibilitas tanah 0,43, jenis tanah Latosol Coklat dan curah hujan rata-rata 5.600 mm per tahun. Dari hasil pengamatan kawasan Kebun Raya Baturraden tanah mudah sekali terjadi   proses surface run off. Mengatasi dan merubah ekosistem dari hutan homogeny menjadi heterogen (1 penjarangan harus bertahap sesuai lahan yang akan dikelola, (2 Dengan kondisi tegakan pohon sangat rapat untuk melakukan tebangan sebaiknya menggunakan tebangan penerangan atau penjarangan jangan sampai tanah terbuka mengingat mempunyai curah hujan rata-rata 5.600 mm per tahun. (3 pada lokasi tertentu yang rawan terjadi erosi harus dibuat terasering untuk mengurangi terjadinya surface run off.   Kata Kunci: Kebun Raya, Hutan Produksi terbatas surface run off, ekosistem ABSTRACT Managing Baturraden Botanical Garden in the Limited Production Forest Area can cause problems of surface run off if the location is not handled conservatively. This study aims to overcome the problem of ecosystem changes of the homogeneous Limited Production Forest to become Baturraden Botanical Garden which is heterogeneous forest by making PU (sample plots in the utilization zone of 77.4 hectares in breadth, a total of 109 PU (sample plots with a size of 20x20 m, intensity of 5.5, the distance between PU’s 1, 3 m. The

  14. Developing Entrepreneurship Skills Management of Students at SMK 2 Palangka Raya

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    Iin Nurbudiyani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The study seeks to trace the way of disseminating the skills of entrepreneurship among of the students in school  (SMK Negeri 2 Palangka Raya. This study applied qualitative approach by observation, documentation and  interviews the principle of school, vice principle for curriculum affairs, vice principals for students affairs entrepreneurial education teacher, and unit production managers. The findings show that developing skills of students entrepreneurship has meer the criteria and functions of contemporary management. The ddissemination of  entrepreneuership skills to the students was  done through practical way through a variety of channels, such as units of production practice, in collaboration with the real enterprises such as telecommunication,  pharmacy store, college of management and communication science, bazaar or flea market and other forms of collaboration with the tellecominication office, gra pari, and salon. In practice, disseminiting the entrepreneuership  skills are still faced with many complex challenges such as  human resources who has no progressive spirit of teaching due to the contemporary dynamics issues of business,lack professionalism of teacher in teaching and learning process, the curriculum change,  lack of facilities and infrastucture owned by the school, and the limitation of time in practicing the theories. Abstrak Study ini mengkaji cara menanamkan ketrampilan berwirausaha pada  siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Negeri  2 Palangka Raya. Studi ini  menerapkan pendekatan kualitatif dengan observasi, dokumentasi, dan wawancara kepala sekolah, wakil kepala sekolah bagian kurikulum, wakil kepala sekolah bagian kesiswaan, guru kewirausahaan, dan pengelola unit produksi. Temuan studi ini menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan ketrampilan berwirausaha siswa telah memenuhi kriteria penerapan fungsi manajemen komtemporer. Diseminasi ketrampilan berwirausaha siswa selain pemahaman teorertik  melalui proses

  15. ANALISIS STRUKTUR PERILAKU DAN KINERJA PASAR (STRUCTURE, CONDUCT AND MARKET PERFORMAN KOMODITI PADI DI DESA BUNGA RAYA DAN DESA KEMUNING MUDA KECAMATAN BUNGA RAYA KABUPATEN SIAK

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    NOVIA DEWI

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis struktur, perilaku, dan kinerja pemasaran beras di Kabupaten Bunga Raya. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan dengan menggunakan metode purpossive sampling yaitu dua desa menjadi sentra produksi padi. Responden penelitian adalah petani padi dan semua agensi pemasaran yang terlibat dalam pemasaran beras dari petani sebagai produsen ke pedagang besar sebagai konsumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada tiga saluran pemasaran beras yaitu saluran pemasaran I petani menjual kepada pedagang pengumpul dan kemudian dijual ke pedagang besar, saluran pemasaran II petani menjual ke pedagang pengumul yang memiliki penggilingan padi kemudian dijual ke pedagang grosir dan saluran pemasaran III yaitu petani menjual langsung ke pedagang grosir. Struktur pasar beras adalah pasar oligopsoni karena dilihat dari jumlah pembeli yang relatif sangat sedikit, kemudian dilihat dari nilai market share, rasio konsentrasi dan indeks Herfindahl dari pedagang manapun menunjukkan nilai yang tidak terlalu berbeda. Petani sebagai produsen adalah penerima harga (price taker, dimana petani sebagai produsen mendapatkan perubahan nilai harga lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan pedagang grosir sebagai konsumen. Margin pemasaran terlihat dari setiap saluran pemasaran yang terjadi menunjukkan bahwa margin dan keuntungan paling banyak didapat oleh pedagang yang melakukan lebih banyak fungsi pemasaran.

  16. ANALISIS USAHA PENGOLAHAN AMPLANG IKAN PIPIH (Notopterus chilata SKALA RUMAH TANGGA DI KOTA PALANGKA RAYA PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH

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    Saptami Utami Evi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Usaha pengolahan amplang ikan  pipih di Kota Palangka Raya untuk pengembangan usaha kedepan sangat baik.  Dengan adanya dukungan tersedianya terus menerus bahan baku ikan pipih, baik dari tangkapan perairan, tangkapan alam, maupun usaha budidaya ikan pipih dan modal yang dikucurkan oleh pemerintah baik berupa peralatan usaha maupun pelatihan-pelatihan bagi para pengusaha untuk dapat terus berkembang. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Palangka Raya Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan sekunder. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengolahan dan analisis data dalam penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling Amplang datar ikan pengolahan rumah tangga bisnis keuntungan sebesar Rp. 12.169 juta, - per tahun. Dari lapangan menunjukkan fakta bahwa bisnis ini tetap menguntungkan dengan kelangsungan hidup dalam waktu yang lamaBerdasarkan nilai analisis keuangan dengan menggunakan kriteria investasi Net Benefit Cost Ratio ( Net BCR 5 % = 3,032073039 dan B / C ratio Bersih 13,5% = 1,526361382 lebih besar dari 1 berarti bahwa usaha ini layak untuk dilanjutkan .Khusus untuk datar usaha pengolahan ikan amplang ( Notopterus chilata rumah tangga di kota Palangka Raya Kalimantan Tengah Provinsi amplang permintaan produk ikan dengan menawarkan flat atau D = S yang sama , berarti ampalng produksi ikan untuk memenuhi pasar datar. Flat fish processing business amplang household in the city of Palangka Raya for future business development very well with the support of continuous availability of raw materials and capital flat fish are disbursed by the government in cash, business equipment and training for entrepreneurs to be able to continue developed.  The research was conducted in the City of Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan Province. The data used were primary and secondary data. The method used in processing and analyzing data in this study was purposive sampling. Amplang flat fish processing

  17. MODEL PENYALURAN DANA (FINANCING DALAM OPTIMALISASI PENGEMBANGAN UMKM DI KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT

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    Sumiyati

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang saat ini dihadapi UMKM adalah seringkali pembiayaan dana komersil dengan cost of capital yang relatif tinggi, persyaratan sangat selektif dan jumlah yang tidak mencukupi serta kadangkala salah sasaran, sehingga program permodalan tidak dapat memberikan manfaat yang optimal pada pengembangan UMKM. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk merancang model penyaluran dana (financing dalam optimalisasi pengembangan UMKM, terutama dari sudut pandang pelaku UMKM. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ada 3 (tiga tahapan, yang pertama yaitu metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan tabulasi, yang kedua yaitu analisis medan kekuatan (Force Field Analysis, serta yang terakhir yaitu The House Model. Hasil penelitian mengindentifikasi permasalahan financing yang dihadapi pelaku UMKM, mengkaji kekuatan pendorong dan kekuatan penghambat pengembangan UMKM, dan mengembangkan rancangan The House Model yaitu model penyaluran dana dalam optimalisasi pengembangan UMKM di Kabupaten Kubu Raya Provinsi Kalimantan Barat.

  18. Participatory Rural Appraisal for Diagnostic Analysis of spate irrigation systems in Raya Valley, Ethiopia

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    Giulio Castelli

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Spate irrigation is a complex and unique form of water management, which represent the main source of irrigation water in semi-arid river catchments. Water is diverted from seasonal rivers by using diversion structures made by stones, earth and brushwood, located within the river bed. The modernisation of spate irrigation realised in Raya Valley (northern Ethiopia resulted in disappointing performances. One of the main reasons for this failure was the poor consideration of the characteristics of seasonal catchments and local communities’ needs and preferences. Local farmers, who showed a deep knowledge of the river system, were involved only at the level of consultation. The aim of this research was to develop a participatory Diagnostic Analysis (DA for a traditional non-modernised spate irrigation system in Raya Valley, in order to involve local farmers within the development process, and to build a solid knowledge basis for effective improvements. A Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA of the Harosha spate irrigation system was undertaken. PRA techniques focusing on spatial, temporal, socio-economical and spatiotemporal aspects of the system were performed with local farmers in order to identify and rank main problems and constraints to development. Farmers recognised the need of more resistant diversion structures and gabion walls for the stabilisation of the river bank. The involvement of farmers also helped to highlight that not only irrigation-related problems, but also flood-related problems threaten agricultural production and rural livelihoods. Rather than an irrigation system approach, an approach integrating irrigation development and flood risk mitigation is suggested for framing future development strategies.

  19. Identifikasi dan Penentuan Kadar Boraks dalam Lontong yang Dijual di Pasar Raya Padang

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    Rizki Amelia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKeamanan makanan merupakan salah satu masalah yang harus mendapatkan perhatian terutama di negara berkembang seperti Indonesia, karena bisa berdampak buruk terhadap kesehatan. Penyebabnya adalah masih rendahnya pengetahuan, keterampilan, dan tanggung jawab produsen pangan terhadap mutu dan keamanan makanan terutama pada industri kecil atau industri rumah tangga. Hal ini menyebabkan produsen sering menambahkan bahan kimia ke dalam produk makanan, salah satunya boraks. Konsumsi boraks dapat menyebabkan mual, muntah, kanker bahkan kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan identifikasi dan penentuan kadar boraks pada lontong yang dijual di Pasar Raya Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif yang dilakukan di Laboratorium FMIPA Universitas Andalas Padang dari bulan Januari sampai bulan Desember 2013. Identifikasi dan penentuan kadar boraks dilakukan terhadap 10 sampel lontong yang diambil secara random. Metoda yang digunakan adalah metoda titrasi dan menggunakan larutan standar NaOH. Hasil penelitian yang dilakukan terhadap 10 sampel, didapatkan tidak ada satupun sampel lontong yang mengandung boraks.Kata kunci: boraks, lontong, titrasiAbstractThe food safety is one of problems that should get attention, especially in developing countries like Indonesia, because it can gives a negative impact for health. The cause is lack of knowledge, skill, and responsibility for the quality and safety of food, especially in small industries or home industry. It causes producers often add chemicals to food products, one of which borax. Consumption of borax can cause nausea, vomiting, cancer and even death. This research was to identify and determination of borax in lontong which sold at Pasar Raya Padang. This was a descriptive study at The Chemistry Laboratory, Andalas University Padang from January to December 2013. The identification and determination of borax on 10 samples of lontong taken by random. The method used is titration

  20. PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP KEBERADAAN SIGNAGE (Studi Kasus Jalan Tjilik Riwut di Kota Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah

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    Andri Nopemberi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan signage disatu sisi tidak terlepas dari peran masyarakat sebagai objek konsumsi, selain itu juga seringkali penempatan signage tersebut merambah kawasan ruang publik perkotaan (public space. Dalam perkembangannya, Kota Palangka Raya sudah menggunakan signage di samping menciptakan karakter tertentu pada lingkungan, pemasangan signage juga memberikan masalah tersendiri. Konflik juga terjadi karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan antara public environmental information dan private sign. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana persepsi masyarakat dari publik maupun penyedia jasa reklame serta mengetahui peran pemerintah dalam pengaturan signage. Untuk menganalisis persepsi masyarakat metode yang digunakan menggunakan metode kuantitatif rasionalistik. Metode tersebut dilakukan melalui kegiatan wawancara yang mendalam (In depth interview. Hasil Analisis menunjukan bahwa terdapat pengaruh keberadaan signage terhadap persepsi masyarkat pada koridor Jalan Tjilik Riwut. Hasil dari analisa peta mental diketahui bahwa keberadaan signage pada Jalan Tjilik Riwut ini timbul akibat persaingan antar penyedia barang dan jasa tanpa lagi memperhatikan keindahan dan keefektifan dari signage tersebut, serta tidak adanya peraturan pemerintah dalam menata jenis signage dan pemerintah Kota Palangka Raya tidak mempunyai master plan/grand design. Maka pemasangan signage belum memenuhi kriteria keindahan dan keefektifan Kota Palangka Raya sehingga mengakibatkan kekaburan informasi yang disampaikan serta signage di Jalan Tjilik Riwut.[Public Perception of the Existence of Signage (Case Study: Tjilik Riwut Road in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan] The presence of signage is inseparable from the role of the society of consumers. The placement of signage often penetrates urban public areas (public spaces. During its development, Palangkaraya has been using signage that creates a particular character on the environment. However, the installation of

  1. Analisis Agroindustri Kripik Ubi Kayu di Kelurahan Kulim Kecamatan Tenayan Raya Kota Pekanbaru

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    Niken Nurwati

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The agricultural sector is the main pillar of economic development in Indonesia because Indonesia almost all economic activities centered on the sector. Processing of agricultural or agro-industry is the agricultural product processing business for the purpose of increasing the value of the product. Pekanbaru city produces one of the agricultural products that manioc. The highest production of cassava in Sub Tenayan Raya in Pekanbaru, namely 11 210 tonnes (Pekanbaru in number 2015.In connection with this condition, this study aims to analyze costs and revenues, Break Even Point (BEP, profit planning as well as the added value generated by the agro-industry critic's capable of cassava in Kulim  Tenayan Raya Pekanbaru.It can be concluded:1.The cost of agro-industrial production processes cassava chips "SUGENGSNACK" In December 2016 flavors Balado is Rp. 40,822,557.40, original flavors Rp. 40,822,557.40 and chilli chips (Sanjai Rp. 22,777,250.00. Net revenue cassava chips flavors Balado is Rp. 12,681,442.60, or Rp. 5,214 / Kg; Rp original flavors. 11,565,426.00 or USD. 6763 / Kg; and crispy chilli (Sanjai Rp. 5,613,570.00. or Rp.6577,-/Kg2.Value BEP (Q agroindustrial cassava chips "SUGENG SNACK" In December 2016 flavors Balado is 145.88 kg, 85.26 Kg variants of the original flavor and crispy chilli (Sanjai 48,45Kg. Total sales to achieve profit Rp.20.000.000, - for each variant flavors, flavors Kg Balado is 3751.34, 2894.91 Kg variants of the original flavor, and crispy chilli (Sanjai 2922.03 Kg.3.Value-added agro-industry cassava chips "SUGENG SNACK" In December 2016, flavors Balado is the output value of Rp. 8360, - provide added value for Rp.5.757, - or by 68.86%, flavors original output value of Rp. 8360, - provide added value amounting to Rp. 5627, - or by 67.3%., And crispy chilli (Sanjai output value amounted to Rp.12.768, - provide added value amounting to Rp. 9675, - or a total of 75.776%. Keywords: Agro-industry, Revenue, Break Even

  2. Analisis Highest and Best Use (HBU pada Lahan Jl. Gubeng Raya No. 54 Surabaya

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    Akmaluddin Akmaluddin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Laju pertumbuhan penduduk dan tingkat perekonomian yang semakin meningkat di  kota-kota besar seperti Surabaya, bertolak belakang dengan  ketersediaan lahan yang terbatas. Selayaknya properti yang akan dibangun di atas suatu lahan dapat memberikan manfaat yang maksimal serta efisien agar hasilnya dapat dirasakan demi pembangunan wilayah tersebut. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan perhitungan  penggunaan yang paling memungkinkan dan diizinkan dari suatu tanah kosong atau tanah yang  sudah dibangun, dimana secara fisik dimungkinkan, didukung atau dibenarkan oleh peraturan, layak secara keuangan dan menghasilkan nilai tertinggi. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan analisis Highest and Best Use (HBU pada lahan di Jl. Gubeng Raya No. 54 Surabaya seluas 1.150 m2 yang direncanakan akan dibangun hotel. Lahan tersebut berpotensi untuk dikembangkan menjadi properti komersial seperti hotel, apartemen, perkantoran dan pertokoan. Analisis tersebut menggunakan tinjauan terhadap aspek fisik, legal, finansial dan produktivitas maksimumnya. Dari hasil penelitian ini didapatkan alternatif properti komersial hotel yang memiliki penggunaan tertinggi dan terbaik pada pemanfaatan lahan dengan nilai lahan Rp. 67.069.980,31/ m2.

  3. PENINGKATAN KINERJA PERSEDIAAN PRODUK DI PT. PROPAN RAYA I.C.C SURABAYA

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    Yuki Tejo Prakoso

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Inventory control is an internal process that is essential for the company's operations, especially in the field of industrial paints. Many types, colors and sizes of packaging paint often urged companies to hoard supplies. Nevertheless the possibility of failing to meet customer demand still occur, either due to exhaustion of stock, delivery delays, or for any other reason. Finished product inventory control in a way or innovative method must be developed to reduce excess inventory so as to minimize storage costs and to meet customer needs optimally. Use the ABC method and modifications VEN can be an alternative in inventory control application based on the classification of products and level of service companies. With a combination of ABC-VEN method, it will obtain 9 grade product inventory to the value of each service level that has been adjusted so that it can help determine the optimal inventory control policies for the company. From the research, suggested inventory control policy indicates that the inventory turnover rate suggested an average 3.14 times per year is the number of days supply of inventory was 76 days.This means that the inventory control policy suggested, PT. Propan Raya I.C.C can improve inventory performance by increasing the speed of inventory turnover amounted to 60.2% and increase the efficiency of the number of days supply of inventory by 37.7% of the current inventory.

  4. ANALISIS STUDI KELAYAKAN USAHA BISNIS CASSAVA CHIPS DI PERUMAHAN MARDANI RAYA

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    Utami Gunawati

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil survey diperoleh kebutuhan terhadap keripik singkong sebanyak 517 kg di Perumahan Mardani Raya, dengan hasil sebanyak 187 kg berasal dari  Keripik Berkah. Masih terdapat GAP atau permintaan terhadap kebutuhan yang belum terlayani. Diketahui informasi, jumlah potensial pasar minat terhadap keripik singkong cukup banyak untuk melakukan usaha. Perlu diadakan studi kelayakan usaha ditinjau dari aspek produk, pasar/pemasaran, teknis operasi, manajemen SDM, sosial ekonomi, lingkungan, dan finansial untuk menunjukkan kelayakan dari usaha tersebut. Adapun hasil analisis yang dilakukan pada aspek pasar potensial pasar 11.292 kg / bulan = 135.504 kg/tahun dengan pemasaran manfaatkan media social. Aspek produk ada 5 varian rasa dengan kemasan yang terseal dan diberi label merk. Aspek teknis, pemasok supply bahan baku singkong didapat dari 3 alternatif pasar. Aspek Manajemen SDM dibutuhkan 3 tenaga kerja. Dari ekonomi social dapat membuka lapangan kerja dan menambah penghasilan petani singkong. Aspek lingkungan terdapat limbah kulit singkong dapat dijadikan kerupuk kulit singkong. Aspek finansial untuk usaha selama 5 tahun dengan modal awal sebesar Rp. 56.434.317,- Hasil perhitungan terhadap kriteria penilaian investasi didapat nilai NPV sebesar Rp. 730.802.669, yang artinya selisih antara nilai kas yang akan datang dengan nilai investasi bernilai positif. Nilai IRR sebesar 14 %, lebih besar dari discount factor  sebesar 13 %, dan payback period selama 2 tahun 4 bulan. Maka dapat disimpulkan secara keseluruhan usaha bisnis Cassava Chips NR Jaya ini layak untuk dijalankan.

  5. PEMILIHAN LOKASI TERBAIK PENGEMBANGAN PROPERTI APARTEMEN DI PERKOTAAN CIBINONG RAYA KABUPATEN BOGOR

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    Muhammad Saifuddin Amanullah

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available As a part of Greater DKI Jakarta or known as Jabodetabek, Cibinong Raya offers alternatives for residence location. The statistic of population in Cibinong noted that its population has grown by 16.37% (BPS Bogor Regency, 2016 that has implication on the increase of residential dwelling demand. However, the amount of non-built area in the city is limited. So, land use optimazition strategy is significant to reach the optimum land-use value. The result of this study is expected to give different perpective of property development applied by the property developers in Indonesia. Hence, this research applied variables derived from the literature reviews and asked the property experts to analyse the variables. Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP, it was revealed that there were four suitable alternative location named as Location A, Location B, Location C and Location D. Based on the experts perception through AHP method, the study showed that the highest optimum value was Location D (0.336 and followed by Location A (0.309, Location C (0.218 and Location B (0.139.

  6. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

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    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  7. Evaluation Of Drainage Channel Dimension Plan Based On Planned Discharge In Jalan Flamboyan Raya Of Tanjung Selamat Village

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    Basyarullah Lubis

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In the construction of public facilities and infrastructure attention should always be given to matters that are directly or indirectly related to the construction of such facilities and infrastructure. As in the construction of drainage there are several things that affect it one of which is most often used as a reference in the calculation of drainage channel dimension is maximum rainfall or maximum daily rainfall intensity. Tanjung Selamat is chosen for study because this road is a liaison route for the surrounding community activities and Tanjung Selamat area and Medan city or Pancur Batu District. Therefore it is necessary a review of the existing drainage channel of rapid development that occurred in Jalan Flamboyan Raya of Tanjung Selamat village both residential areas and places of business. This situation reduces the area of water catchment so that water is often abundant and make the existing drainage channel cannot accommodate it. This research is conducted in several stages and with Pearsons Log Distribution Method of Type III which aims to determine the magnitude of the peak flood discharge in a particular repetitive period. Based on the results of research and calculations that have been done know that the amount of existing drainage discharge is smaller than peak flood discharge in the area around Flamboyan Road Raya of Tanjung Selamat village. Other causes of the flooding that occurred in the location where the research that the authors do is human behavior that is not friendly to the environment such as littering haphazardly or into the drainage channel less attention to the maintenance of drainage channels around their dwelling soil-walled conditions so very vulnerable to changes that affect the ability of the channel to drain the water. Equally important is the development around Jalan Flamboyan Raya of Tanjung Selamat village especially the establishment of various buildings either for residences or for business places

  8. Geological Study and Regional Development of Mamberamo Raya Disctrict of Papua Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonggiroh, Adi; Asri Jaya, HS; Ria Irfan, Ulva

    2018-02-01

    The goverment of Mamberamo Raya district was established through Act No. 19 of 2007 dated 15 March 2007 as part of the administrative area of Papua Province. The administrative age of this district is relatively young requires hard work of all components in facing development challenges so that necessary strategic steps of vision and mission of regional development to achieve ideal conditions of spatial which as direction of the desired embodiment in the future. Regional development covers all technical aspects including the geological aspect that the area is located on the morphology of the mountains and Mamberamo watershed. Strategic steps require policy as an action to achieve the goal with the elaboration of operational steps to realize the welfare of peoples equally and sustainably according to the potential physiogeography of Mamberamo watershed. The geological aspect as the consideration of technical that this region belongs to the regional tectonic which is divided into the difference of fault in the north there is Yapen fault and in the south is Mamberamo-Gauttier Fault and also a consideration on the stratigraphic structure of various rock types including the dominance of sedimentary rocks. This study examines geological aspects as an element of earth science in spatial planning in Mamberamo district, especially Kasonaweja and Burmeso. The analysis is presented based on field data, in the form of geographical map data of geological structure, geological map, and earthquake data described by cluster pattern indicating regional motion relationship and rock characteristics that make up Mamberamo watershed. It finds land characteristics controlled by geological structures, rock arrangements and landforms in response to landslide, flood and seismic changes.

  9. EFISIENSI CONSTRUCTION WETLAND TYPHA SP. SEBAGAI PENGOLAH AIR LIMPASAN JALAN RAYA SECARA ALAMI

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    Rudatin Windraswara

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bersifat desain eksperimental pada skala laboratorium untuk mengetahui kemampuan Typha latifolia. sebagai tanaman wetland dalam mereduksi BOD dan COD yang berasal polutan air limpasan jalan raya sebagai bagian dari sistem drainase yang berkelanjutan. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah air limpasan jalan yang berasal dari air hujan yang kemudian masuk ke saluran pengumpul (drainase jalan. Habitat wetland disimulasikan menggunakan kolom dengan tabung yang memiliki volume kosong 20 liter. Susunan tabung adalah sebagai berikut; tanaman wetland, air, pasir dan batu kerikil. Satu tabung lagi akan berlaku sebagai kontrol dengan susunan yang sama tanpa tanaman wetland. Desain tabung memiliki spesifikasi sebagai berikut bahan acrylic dengan ukuran diameter 9,7 cm, tinggi 40 cm, volume 20 liter, media pasir setinggi 10 cm, kerikil 15 cm, kemudian diisi air setinggi 15 cm dari batas kerikil. Nilai BOD dari sampel kontrol setelah hari ke-3 menjadi 87 mg/l dari nilai semula 104 mg/l sedangkan nilai BOD dari sampel uji setelah hari ke-3 menjadi 44 mg/l dari nilai semula 104 mg/l. Hasil ini menunjukkan tanaman tersebut mampu menghilangkan nilai BOD sebesar 65% atau BOD removal sebesar 65%. Nilai COD dari sampel kontrol setelah hari ke-3 menjadi 309 mg/l dari nilai semula 210 mg/l sedangkan nilai COD dari sampel uji setelah hari ke-3 menjadi 87 mg/l dari nilai semula 210 mg/l. Hasil ini menunjukkan tanaman Typha latifolia mampu menghilangkan nilai COD sebesar 58,6% atau COD removal sebesar 58,6%. Kedua parameter tersebut telah sesuai dengan baku mutu Kepmen LH no 112 tahun 2003 dan Kepmen LH no 51 tahun 1999.

  10. Perbanyakan In Vitro Dendrobium Indonesia Raya ‘Ina’ melalui Embriogenesis Somatik Berbasis Sistem Bioreaktor

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    Fitri Rachmawati

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTAn effective and efficient in vitro propagation system has important roles in preparing and producing high quality-seedlings of Dendrobium for commercial scale. The objective of this research was to establish an effective and efficient embryogenic callus (EC proliferation method using bioreactor system and regeneration EC into plantlet for producing high quality seedlings of Dendrobium Indonesia Raya ‘Ina’. Differences in callus densities (5, 10, 15, and 20 g callus in 250 mL medium, aeration levels (2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 O2 volume  per  medium volume per minute; vvm, and regeneration media half-strength MS and 2 g L-1 NPK (32:10:10 combinated by 0.00, 0.05 mg L-1 BA, 150  mL L-1 coconut water and their combinations were tested in this experiment. The experiments were arranged using randomized completely block design (RCBD with three replications for EC proliferation and randomized completely desaign (RBD for EC regeneration. The results showed that combination of  aeration at 2.5 vvm and 10 g of EC was the most suitable aeration level and callus density for proliferation of EC in the 500 ml airlift bioreactor with 6.85 multiplication rate, 92.5% EC formation, and malformed callus morphology as low as 6.1%. The highest somatic embryos (SEs formation was 87.7% with 44.5 SEs per clump and 92.1% SEs germination with 41.0 germinated-SEs per clump, 85.1% normal germinated-SEs, and whereas the best performance of plantlet was obtained from 1/2 MS + 0.05 mg L-1 BA semi solid medium. Plantlets were successfully acclimatized using Cycas rumphii medium with high survival rate (91.6%. Keywords: aerations, callus densities, germination, media, somatic embryos

  11. Pola makan dan hubungannya dengan kejadian stroke di RSUD dr. Doris Sylvanus Palangka Raya

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    Perawaty Perawaty

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: According to WHO it is estimated that there are 15 million people having stroke annually. High prevalence of stroke happens at Kalimantan Tengah as indicated from the growing number of outpatients and inpatients of stroke every year. There is a shift in eating pattern at urban areas from traditional eating pattern to western eating pattern that has high composition of calories, protein, fat, sugar and less fibre causing nonproportional nutrient intake. This condition is a risk factor for the prevalence of degenerative diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and other health problems. Efforts for primary prevention against stroke can be made through intervention in unhealthy lifestyle including eating pattern.Objectives: To identify association between eating pattern and the prevalence of stroke at dr. Doris Sylvanus Hospital Palangka Raya.Methods: The study was analytic observational with case control design. Subject consisted of cases and control at comparison 1:1 matched in age. Cases were stroke inpatients of dr. Doris Sylvanus Hospital and control group consisted of patients of other diseases at the same hospital. The study involved 76 patients taken concecutive. Data comprised of sample identity, waist circumference, eating pattern, hypertension, physical activity and smoking habit. Data of eating pattern were obtained through semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The result of the study was analyzed using chi square and logistic regression.Results: The result of the study showed there were 5 variables significantly associated with the prevalence of stroke; ie. more consumption of processed foods (OR 7,53 CI 95% : 1,38 – 41,13, less consumption of fruits (OR 6,98 CI 95%, 1,53-31,80, less consumption of fish (OR 6,36 CI 95% : 1,15 – 34,99, hypertension (OR 10,91 CI 95%, 2,43–49,03 and less physical activities (OR 8,36 CI 95%, 1,72-40,56 while the frequency of fast foods

  12. Proporsi penggunaan berbagai jenis daun tanaman untuk pakan ternak kambing pada lokasi dan ketinggian berbeda di wilayah Malang Raya

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    Sri Susanti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at investigating the proportion of several types of tree foliages leaves as animal feed in different locations and altitudes in Malang Raya. The case study was conducted in five districts of Malang Raya where were assumed as the centre of goat farms. The results showed that there were 30 types of forage used as goat feeds, both leaves of tree foliages and shrubs, or grasses, crop residues and others. Most forages (73% were leaves of tree foliages and shrubs, both legumes, and non-legumes. Tree foliage leaves were more used as goat feeds in the study area with higher altitude, whereas in the area with lower altitude, farmers also utilized grasses and crop residues. The leaves of tree foliages were Paraserianthes falcataria, Gliricidia sepium, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Leucaena leucocephala and Calliandra calothyrsus. Paraserianthes falcataria was most widely used in Klampok-Singosari (88.3%. The proportion of Calliandra calothyrsus ranged from 32 to 98%, while Gliricidia sepium was 58-98%, both were most widely used in Argoyuwono-Ampelgading. Artocarpus heterophyllus was most widely used in Wajak (90.3%, whereas Leucaena leucocephala leaf was used by all respondents (100% in Sumberdem-Wonosari. It is necessary to evaluate the quality of these tree foliage leaves to provide a better animal feed through supplementation technology. Keyword: altitudes, foliages, leave, location

  13. Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Berbasis Web untuk Peningkatan Kinerja Unit Bursa Kerja Khusus SMK Negeri 1 Tanjung Raya

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    Amalina Amalina

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available SMK Negeri 1 Tanjung Raya merupakan salah satu satuan pendidikan yang berada di Kabupaten Agam. SMK Negeri 1 Tanjung Raya memiliki sebuah unit Bursa Kerja Khusus (BKK yang bertugas memberikan informasi kepada siswa praktik kerja industri (prakerin mengenai tempat magang yang dapat mereka pilih. Unit BKK juga berfungsi untuk memberikan informasi kepada alumni terkait lowongan pekerjaan. Informasi yang diberikan kepada siswa dan alumni dilakukan menggunakan papan pengumuman di sekolah. Cara tersebut dirasa kurang efektif karena informasi tidak cepat sampai kepada siswa dan lulusan yang membutuhkan. Siswa dan alumni harus sering datang ke sekolah agar mendapat informasi yang mutakhir sedangkan sebagian siswa dan alumni tinggal jauh dari sekolah dalam kondisi transportasi yang kurang baik. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut, dikembangkan sistem informasi berbasis web untuk pengelolaan data di unit BKK. Sistem informasi dirancang menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP dan basis data MySQL. Sistem melibatkan lima user yakni admin, operator BKK, operator prakerin, siswa dan alumni. Kelima level user yang terdaftar memiliki akun private untuk dapat masuk ke dalam sistem yakni username dan password dengan enkripsi MD5. Halaman utama sistem menampilkan informasi berita, lowongan kerja, dan rekapitulasi data alumni. Sistem diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kinerja unit BKK dalam memberikan informasi tentang lowongan kerja kepada siswa prakerin dan alumni.

  14. APORTES A LA BIOLOGÍA DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS DEMERSALES EN LA REGIÓN NORTE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

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    Fabian Moreno

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio es una contribución al conocimiento biológico de los peces cartilaginosos en la región norte del Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares examinados se capturaron con una red demersal, se determinó su peso, longitud total y estado de madurez sexual. Adicionalmente se realizó la ubicación espacial de las capturas y la relación con las variables ambientales. Se capturaron un total de 21 individuos, colectando tres especies de rayas, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata y Rhinobatos percellens, dos de tiburones Mustelus minicanis y Rhizoprionodon porosus, la más común fue D. guttata con 56%, las tallas (longitud total fluctuaron entre los 1.760 - 394 mm en rayas y 595 - 585 mm en tiburones. Se obtuvieron más hembras que machos para todas las especies, con predominio de estados inmaduros y en maduración, solo se registró una hembra grávida deM. Minicanis con dos embriones.

  15. PEMANFAATAN PTERIDOPHYTA KAWASAN HUTAN PACET TAMAN HUTAN RAYA (TAHURA RADEN SOERJO KECAMATAN PACET KABUPATEN MOJOKERTO SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR BIOLOGI SMA

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    Neni Lusiana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Pteridophyta apa saja yang terdapat di kawasan Hutan Pacet Taman Hutan Raya Raden Soerjo Kecamatan Pacet Kabupaten Mojokerto dan bagaimana klasifikasinya, serta untuk mengetahui implementasi hasil penelitian Pteridophyta agar dapat digunakan sebagai sumber belajar biologi SMA. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah jenis penelitian deskriptif. Penelitian di laksanakan di dua tempat, pengambilan sampel Pteridophyta dilaksanakan di kawasan hutan Pacet Taman Hutan Raya Raden Soerjo Kecamatan Pacet Kabupaten Mojokerto pada koordinat S 07o44’00” – S 07o42’10” dan E 112o31’30” – E 112o32’30”. Pengambilan sampel tumbuhan paku yang terestrial maupun epifit pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode jelajah (cruise methods. Sedangkan pemanfaatan hasil penelitian Pteridophyta di kawasan ini yaitu berupa modul yang divalidasi dilakukan oleh guru biologi di SMAN 2 Batu. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan sebanyak 57 jenis Pteridophyta yang termasuk dalam 3 kelas. Ditemukan 3 jenis dari kelas Lycopodiinae, 1 jenis dari kelas Equisetinae, dan 53 jenis dari kelas Filicinae. Penggunaan Pteridophyta untuk sumber belajar di sekolah dalam bentuk modul dengan pemberian soal-soal dan pemberian tugas proyek membuat herbarium.

  16. Natural food monitoring of Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatraensis in Taman Hutan Raya Cut Nya’ Dhien Seulawah, Aceh Besar

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    DJUFRI

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this research were to monitoring natural food of Sumatran elephant; determine rank taxonomy of species, and to give information quantitative value of taxa for vegetation analysis. The wide of area total Taman Hutan Raya Cut Nya’ Dhien Seulawah were 6.220 Ha. About 20% of area total used as an observed area. The data was collected by transect and quadratic plot method. The observed area it was took 10 transect with 500 m of long for observed station. Each observed station was put seven and ten plot samples systematically. Each plot samples has a 5 m2 of width. The result indicated that there were 69 species of the plant including 23 families. Diversity index was between 1.9838-2.7202; an evenness index was between 1.6868-2.0631. The importance value is relatively low on all station observed. The refer of importance value show that Oplismenus burmanii, Imperata cylindrica, Crassocephalum crepidiodes, Mimosa pudica, and Zingiber aquosum were dominated on secondary forest and Zingiber zerumbet, Zingiber purpureum, and Oplismenus burmanii were dominated on primary forest. The result of diversity index show that regeneration of natural food in Taman Hutan Raya Cut Nya’ Dhien Seulawah is available constant because grazing occurred with continue by elephant.

  17. Allocative Efficiency Analysys Production Function Of Cassava Farming (Manihot, Sp.) In Tenayan Raya Sub-District Of Pekanbaru City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizar, Rini; Nurwati, Niken; Amalia

    2017-12-01

    Cassava (Manihot sp) has long been known and cultivated by Indonesian farmers. The economic and social potential of cassava aside from foodstuffs can also be used as raw materials for industrial use and animal feed. In Riau Province, Cassva has the potential to be developed considering Cassva is a plant that can easily grow on low altitude to high altitude lands. Cassava does not need a complex maintenance. Conventionally, this plant can be planted and left alone by itself. Cassava roots can be developed to be a processed products that society needs as main foodstuffs ingredients. This research is done in three months and the purpose is to know the influence of input use (pesticide, seeds, fertilizers and labor) on cassava farming to cassava farming by the model of cobb-douglas. Other than that is also the effect on economical efficiency. The method used in this research is a quantitative research by using Cobb-Douglas Function Model. This research was done in the Tenayan Raya sub-district with 55 farmer samples. This research shows Cobb-Douglas Production Function can be used as the predictor for Cassava production function in Tenayan Raya Sub-district of Pekanbaru City. Altogether the production factor used by farmers influence production. Partially only usage of organic fertilizer that does not affect production, while other production factor such as, seeds, pesticides, an-organic fertilizer (urea) and labor affect production by quite a bit. Usage of production factor seeds, urea and pesticides is not yet efficient while usage of organic fertilizer is not efficient and usage of labor on cassava agriculture by respondent farmers is relatively efficient

  18. PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PRODUKSI PUPUK ORGANIK P-126 DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE LEAN MANUFACTURING (STUDI KASUS : PT. MOLINDO RAYA INDUSTRIAL

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    Muhammad Desryadi Ilyas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available PT. Molindo Raya Industrial merupakan perusahaan penghasil pupuk organik P-126 yang berlokasi di Lawang, Kabupaten Malang dengan kapasitas produksi lebih dari 10.000 ton per tahun. Untuk memenangkan persaingan di bidang produksi pupuk organik, perusahaan dituntut untuk melakukan peningkatan kualitas proses produksi secara berkelanjutan dengan mereduksi waste yang ada. Meskipun produksi pupuk organik P-126 di PT. Molindo Raya Industrial mengalami peningkatan, namun masih terdapat beberapa waste, diantaranya waiting yang disebabkan oleh breakdown mesin produksi yang mengakibatkan kerugian perusahaan lebih dari Rp. 500.000.000 per tahun. Waste kedua ialah defect berupa granul yang tidak memenuhi spesfikasi diameter, material hasil cleaning dan karung finished good yang sobek dan waste ketiga ialah over production yang mengakibatkan kerugian perusahaan lebih dari Rp. 400.000.000 per tahun. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut dilakukan perbaikan dengan menggunakan metode lean manufacturing yang fokus dalam mereduksi waste dan non value added activity. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan framework DMIC six sigma, tahapan pertama ialah tahap define untuk mengidentifikasi permasalahan dengan menggunakan tools Big Picture Mapping, Activity Classification dan identifikasi waste berdasarkan E-DOWNTIME. Tahapan kedua ialah measure yang digunakan untuk mengukur kerugian perusahaan yang diakibatkan adanya waste. Selanjutnya adalah tahap analyze menggunakan tools 5 Why’s dan FMEA untuk mengetahui root cause adanya waste, kemudian tahap terakhir ialah tahap improve, pada tahap improve dilakukan penyusunan dan pemilihan alternatif usulan perbaikan dengan mengunakan pendekatan value engineering. Usulan perbaikan terpilih dalam upaya meningkatkan proses produksi pupuk organik P-126 diantaranya mengevaluasi penjadwalan preventif maintenance mesin produksi, menyusun penjadwalan mesin produksi yang kritis, evaluasi SOP dan penerapan SOP, melaksanakan pelatihan untuk

  19. Analisis Sikap dan Pengetahuan Ibu Melalui Program Home Gardening dan Penyuluhan Gizi di Desa Binaan Tenayan Raya Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rini Harianti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pemanfaatan pekarangan dapat mendukung penyediaan aneka ragam pangan di tingkat rumah tangga, sehingga terwujud pola konsumsi pangan keluarga yang beragam, bergizi seimbang dan aman. Saat ini, pemanfaatan pekarangan belum dilakukan secara maksimal. Melalui pemanfaatan pekarangan dan penyuluhan gizi diharapkan dapat memberikan nilai tambah dalam mencukupi kebutuhan pangan dan gizi keluarga serta dapat memperluas pengetahuan dan sikap gizi ibu. Oleh karena itu, untuk meningkatkan pemanfaatan pekarangan ini sangat diperlukan adanya penyuluhan, bimbingan dan penyediaan sarana yang diperlukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis sikap dan pengetahuan ibu melalui program home gardening dan penyuluhan gizi terhadap pemanfaatan pekarangan di desa binaan Tenayan Raya Pekanbaru. Penelitian ini adalah eksperimental. Subjek penelitian adalah 100 orang ibu, yang dipilih dari 4 kelurahan, di Kecamatan Tenayan Raya. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa (1 sosial ekonomi keluarga yaitu pendidikan terhadap pendapat memiliki hubungan yang signifikan p < 0.05 (p = 0.003, (2 konsumsi energi protein terhadap pendapatan memiliki hubungan yang signifikan p < 0.05 (p = 0.031, (3 analisis pengetahuan ibu terhadap program home gardening dengan pendidikan memiliki hubungan yang signifikan p < 0.05 (p = 0.004, (4 sikap ibu terhadap program home gardening dengan pendapatan dan pekerjaan ibu masing-masing memiliki hubungan yang signifikan p < 0.05 (p = 0.035 dan p = 0.006, (5 analisis pengetahuan dan sikap gizi ibu terhadap pendidikan memiliki hubungan yang signifikan p < 0.05 (p = 0.024, (6 pengetahuan dan sikap ibu yang diberi penyuluhan gizi setelah intervensi memiliki hubungan yang signifikan p < 0.05 (p = 0.000.

  20. Analisis Keuntungan USAha Ternak Sapi Potong Kelompok USAha Bersama di Desa Sungai Kakap Dusun Cendrawasih Kecamatan Sungai Kakap Kabupaten Kubu Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Gunawan, Oktavio; Muani, Ani; Maswadi, Maswadi

    2013-01-01

    Oktavio Gunawan, 2013. Analisis Keuntungan Usaha Ternak Sapi Potong Kelompok Usaha Bersama Di Desa Sungai Kakap Dusun Cendrawasih Kecamatan Sungai Kakap Kabupaten Kubu Raya. Beternak sapi di Desa Sungai Kakap Dusun Cendrawasih merupakan bagian kehidupan bermasyarakat yang telah menyatu secara sosial dan budaya. Sapi digunakan sebagai alat untuk tabungan karena masyarakat di Desa Sungai Kakap Dusun Cendrawasih menjadikan sapi sebagai tabungan dengan cara memelihara sapi tanpa mempunyai rencana...

  1. Land Use Change and Recommendation for Sustainable Development of Peatland for Agriculture: Case Study at Kubu Raya and Pontianak Districts, West Kalimantan

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyunto, Wahyunto; Supriatna, Wahyu; Agus, Fahmuddin

    2010-01-01

    Peatland is an increasingly important land resource for livelihood, economic development, and terrestrial carbon storage. Kubu Raya and Pontianak Districts of West Kalimantan rely their future agricultural development on this environmentally fragile peatland because of the dominance (58% and 16% area, respectively) of this land in the two districts. A study aimed to evaluate land use changes on peatland and to develop strategies for sustainable peatland use and management for agriculture. Tim...

  2. Evaluasi Penerapan Internal Control dan Pelaksanaan Good Corporate Governance pada PT PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang

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    Iswandi Iswandi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available PT. PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang have implemented Internal Control and Good Corporate Governance. The research would like to evaluate the implementation of Internal Control accordance with COSO’s criteria (Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and KNKG’s criteria (Komite Nasional Kebijakan Governance. Based on research found that five components of COSO such as control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication, monitoring have been implemented but unfortunately one of the component such as control activities not yet implemented properly accordance with COSO’s criteria. The company also have been imlemented GCG accordance with KNKG’s criteria but still need development through internalization GCG’s spirit among the employees because some employees still have different perception related to GCG. For example from employee stand point there’s no problem receive special gift or receive special payment from customer and have a conflict of interest when deal with public accountant.

  3. STUDI DESKRIPTIF TENTANG AGGRESSIVE DRIVING SEPEDA MOTOR DI JALAN RAYA PADA PESERTA DIDIK SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN (SMK MUHAMMADIYAH 2 AJIBARANG

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    Wisnu Eko Prasetyo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan tingkat agresivitas berkendaraan/agressive driving di jalan raya pada peserta didik (remaja Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan/SMK Muhammadiyah 2 Ajibarang. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan skala agresivitas berkendaraan/agressive driving sepeda motor berjumlah 54 item pernyataan. Skala agresifitas meliputi aspek fisikal 18 item, aspek gestural 18 item, dan aspek verbal 18 item. Analisis data menggunakan statistik deskriptif (prosentase yaitu dengan menghitung jumlah responden dalam memilih setiap item. Deskripsi hasil penelitiannya adalah : semua peserta didik dalam berkendaraan sepeda motor melakukan agresi dengan kategori: 42 peserta didik atau 84% agresinya sedang, dan agresi tinggi maupun rendah imbang yaitu dilakukan oleh masing-masing 4 peserta didik atau 8%. Deskripsi dari masing-masing aspek agresifitasnya adalah untuk aspek fisikal, 8 peserta didik atau 16% agresinya tinggi, 35 atau 70% sedang dan 7 atau 14% rendah, aspek gestural 8 peserta didik atau 16% agresinya tinggi, 40 peserta didik atau 80% agresinya sedang dan 6 peserta didik atau 12% agresinya rendah, serta aspek verbal 7 peserta didik atau 14% agresinya tinggi, 40 peserta didik atau 80% agresinya sedang dan 3 peserta didik atau 6% agresinya rendah. Kata kunci: agresifitas, berkendaraan, sepeda motor

  4. Demand side management project for Tenaga Nasional Berhad: Energy efficiency study: Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) complex. Final report. Export trade information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    This study, conducted by the California Energy Commission, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report focuses on energy efficiency and conservation measures at the Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) Complex in Malaysia for Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB). The study is divided into the following contents: Preface; (1.0) Executive Summary; (2.0) Facility Background and Site Information; (3.0) Site Energy Use; (4.0) Energy Using Systems; (5.0) On-Site Electricity and Energy Generation; (6.0) Technical Project Summary; Figures, Tables, and Appendices.

  5. POLA PERMUKIMAN TEPIAN AIR, STUDI KASUS: DESA SEPUK LAUT, PUNGUR BESAR DAN TANJUNG SALEH KECAMATAN SUNGAI KAKAP, KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA

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    Jawas Dwijo Putro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Proses terbentuknya lingkungan permukiman dimungkinkan karena adanya proses penciptaan lingkungan hunian sebagai wadah fungsional yang menampung segala kebutuhan manusia dan dilandasi oleh pola aktifitas serta merupakan hasil interaksi antara manusia atau kelompok masyarakat dengan setting (rona lingkungan baik bersifat fisik maupun non fisik (sosial budaya. Manusia dalam menempati lingkungan huniannya disesuaikan dengan preferensi lingkungan yang menyangkut pemahaman karakteristik alam dan manusia serta hubungan timbal baliknya. Penyesuaian ini memunculkan konsep bermukim yang memperlihatkan cara masyarakat beradaptasi dengan lingkungan dan membentuk pola permukiman. Seperti halnya yang dibahas dalam penelitian ini dengan mengambil kasus masyarakat di tiga desa yaitu ; Desa Sepuk Laut, Desa Tanjung Saleh, dan Desa Punggur Besar Kecamatan Sungai Kakap Kabupaten Kubu Raya, yang beradaptasi dengan lingkungan dan membentuk pola pemukiman pada kawasan tepian air. Hasil penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa pola permukiman yang terbentuk pada tiga desa diatas mengacu pada tahapan perkembangan kawasan pinggiran sungai atau air, struktur pola permukiman kawasan yang linier, orientasi kearah tepian air, kepadatan dan kualitas bangunan, serta topografi tepian air   The process of settlements formation was possibly made by the process of creating dwelling environment as a functional space that accommodate all human needs, These condition are based on the patterns of activity and interaction between people or society with the their environmen setting; both physical and non-physical (social and cultural. In occupied their environment, humans are adapt  to the  environment  preferences  concerning their understanding  to  the natural  characteristics  and  vice-versa.  This adaptation  led to  the concept of  living  that shows  how  people adapt  to the environment  and  creating  their settlement patterns. This study used case

  6. HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN SUMBER INFORMASI DENGAN PENERAPAN PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS PADA KELUARGA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSTU PAHANDUT SEBERANG KOTA PALANGKA RAYA TAHUN 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putria Carolina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2015, Kemenkes RI, PHBS case of the lowest in West Papua province amounted to 25,50% and then the West Nusa Tenggara by 29,48%. Based on the phenomenon that is found in a study by researchers at the Kelurahan Pahandut Seberang Kota Palangka Raya there are family members who smoke inside the house, around the neighborhood still looks rubbish strewn and piled up, using water from rivers, landfills less and more people use WC cemplung. The Objective Of of this Study is To analyze the Correlation of Knowledge and Resources with Application Behavior Clean and Healthy Lifestyle (PHBs in the Family in the Work Area Pustu Pahandut Seberang Kota Palangka Raya. This research uses correlation method with cross-sectional study design and uses a sampling technique Simple Random Sampling and statistical test Spearman`S Rho with 71 respondents. Analysis of Correlation of Knowledge and Resources with Application Behavior Clean and Healthy Lifestyle (PHBs indicates the value (P value = 0,000 < α 0,05, which means a large correlation exists between the variables of knowledge and resources with application behavior clean and healthy (PHBs. The Level of Knowledge and resources to the implementation of clean and healthy living behaviors (PHBs showed a significant correlation between the level of knowledge and resources to the implementation of clean and healthy living behaviors (PHBs value (P value = 0,000 < 0,05.

  7. ANÁLISIS DE LAS CAPTURAS DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS EN LAS PESQUERÍAS ARTESANALES DE TÁRCOLES, PACÍFICO CENTRAL DE COSTA RICA

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    Andrés López Garro

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron las capturas de tiburones y rayas látigo realizadas por pescadores artesanales de Tárcoles  en el Pacífico de Costa Rica, desde febrero del 2006 hasta febrero del 2007. Se observaron 415 faenas de pesca (línea de fondo, trasmallo y línea rayera: 340 correspondieron a observaciones de descarga y 75 (18.1% a observaciones a bordo. Durante las descargas se analizaron 3299 tiburones y rayas látigo: el tiburón mamón enano (Mustelus henlei dominó en la captura total (63.7%, seguido por el tiburón mamón común (Mustelus lunulatus (16.7%, el tiburón picudo común (Rhizoprionodon longurio 6.9% y el tiburón martillo común (Sphyrna lewini 6.1%. A su vez, la raya látigo (D. longa y el tiburón picudo fucsia (Nasolamia velox representaron un 3.5% y 2.6% de la captura total, respectivamente. En los 75 viajes a bordo se capturó un total de 6.458 peces, de los cuales solo el 4.4% (240 individuos fueron tiburones y rayas látigo. M. henlei fue nuevamente la especie más abundante (50.4%, le siguieron R. longurio (21.7%, D. longa (13.8, N. velox (5.8%, S. lewini (5.8%, y por último, M. lunulatus (2.5%. Debido a la estacionalidad y abundancia de tiburones mamones en la zona de Herradura, se recomienda un cierre técnico en enero-febrero y setiembre-octubre, meses con las mayores capturas. También se recomienda la protección de la zona del Peñón, ya que es utilizada por la raya látigo y por los juveniles del tiburón martillo. From February 2006 to February 2007, we analyzed shark and rays captures by the artisanal fishermen from Tárcoles, in the Pacific of Costa Rica. We observed 415 fishing operations (bottom line, gillnet and ray line: 340 dock landing observations and 75 (18.1% on board observations. During the landing observations, we analyzed 3299 sharks and rays: the brown smooth hound (Mustelus henlei was the most common species (63.7%, followed by the common smooth hound (Mustelus lunulatus (16.7%, the Pacific

  8. ROMANTIKA MANUSIA MELAYU DI BANDAR RAYA (IMAJI-IMAJI KEHIDUPAN KOTA DALAM KOMIK KARTUN MALAYSIA-INDONESIA

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    Ary Budiyanto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A big city or a metropolitan is a symbol of modernization and globalization. What happens in a big city in this article is stories of ordinary people struggling for a decent living in the dusts of global modernity in a big Malay city. These people are often village migrants. The attraction of modern city lifestyle offers cultural addiction that is foreign for the migrants, even if sometimes it is considered a threat culturally from where they are from. Eventually, adaptation, adoption, and even apathy towards values, symbol, and the city’s global modernity create diverse lifestyles, romances, and identities of its citizens. This article observes how the citizens, the city, and its romance present in the reflections of some Malaysian and Indonesian cartoonists, like in the visualization of the comic “Mat Som” by Dato Lat, and the comic script Kee’s World (1989 of Malaysia and Benny and Mice of Indonesia. Cartoonists, as social observers, tell us how the city is recognized in the lives of the Malay people in two different countries. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Kota Besar atau Bandar Raya modern adalah simbol dari modernisasi dan globalisasi. Apa yang terjadi di sebuah kota besar di artikel ini adalah cerita-cerita orang biasa yang mencari kehidupan yang layak dalam debu modernitas global di kota besar dunia melayu. Tak jarang mereka adalah orang yang datang dari kampung (atau luar daerah. Pikatan gaya hidup kota modern ini menawarkan candu budaya yang ‘asing’ bagi pendatang, meski tak jarang hal itu dianggap ‘ancaman’ bagi budaya ‘asal’. Akhirnya, adaptasi, adopsi, maupun, antipati pada nilai-nilai, simbol, modernitas global perkotaan itupun menciptakan keberagaman gaya hidup, romantika, dan identitas penghuni kota. Artikel ini akan melihat bagaimana penghuni kota, kota, dan romantikanya hadir dalam renungan-renungan para kartunis malasyia dan Indonesia seperti, di antaranya, dalam visualisasinya komik “Mat Som” karya

  9. VARIASI ALEL DNA MIKROSATELIT AUTOSOM LOKUS D2S1338, D13S317 DAN D16S539 PADA MASYARAKAT DAYAK KAHARINGAN DI KOTA PALANGKA RAYA

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    Lucia Emy Octavia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui ragam alel masyarakat Dayak Kaharingan di Kota Palangka Raya.  DNA diekstraksi dari sel epitel mukosa mulut, dari 26 individu dengan metode fenol kloroform. DNA mikrosatelitautosom lokus D2S1338, D13S317 dan D16S539 diamplifikasi pada mesin PCR. Pengamatan hasil PCR dilakukan dengan Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (PAGE dan visualisasi DNA hasil PCR dengan pewarnaan perak nitrat.  Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan terdapat 29 alel dari ketiga lokus yaitu lokus D2S1338 sebanyak 11 alel, serta masing-masing sembilan alel pada lokus D13S317 dan lokus D16S539. Nilai heterozigositas tertinggi terdapat pada lokus D2S1338 yaitu 0,8971 dengan kekuatan pembeda (PD 0,9682, diikuti lokus D13S317 dengan kekuatan pembeda 0,9339 dan lokus D16S539 dengan kekuatan pembeda 0,9226.

  10. LAND USE CHANGE AND RECOMMENDATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF PEATLAND FOR AGRICULTURE: Case Study at Kubu Raya and Pontianak Districts, West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyunto Wahyunto

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Peatland is an increasingly important land resource for livelihood, economic development, and terrestrial carbon storage. Kubu Raya and Pontianak Districts of West Kalimantan rely their future agricultural development on this environmentally fragile peatland because of the dominance (58% and 16% area, respectively of this land in the two districts. A study aimed to evaluate land use changes on peatland and to develop strategies for sustainable peatland use and management for agriculture. Time series satellite imageries of land use and land cover, ground truthing, and statistical data of land use change were analyzed for generating the dynamics of land use changes in the period of 1986-2008. Field observation, peat sampling, and peat analyses of representative land use types were undertaken to assess peat characteristics and its agricultural suitability. The study showed that within 22 years (1986-2008, the area of peat forests in Kubu Raya and Pontianak Districts decreased as much as 13.6% from 391,902 ha to 328,078 ha. The current uses of the peatland in the two districts include oil palm plantation (8704 ha, smallholder rubber plantation (13,186 ha, annual crops (15,035 ha, mixed cropping of trees and annual crops (22,328 ha, and pineapple farming (11,744 ha. Our evaluation showed unconformity of the current uses of peatland with regulations and crops agronomic requirements such as peat thickness and maturity, rendering unsustainability. This study recommends that expansion of agriculture and plantation on peatland areas be limited over idle land within the agricultural production and conversion production forest areas. About 34,362 ha (9.7% of uncultivated log-over forest and shrubs can potentially be developed for agriculture. Peat soils with the thickness of >3 m should be allocated for conservation or forest protection due to low inherent soil fertility and high potential greenhouse gas emissions if converted for agriculture.

  11. Peran Mediasi Citra Merek dan Persepsi Risiko pada Hubungan antara Electronic Word of Mouth (E-WOM) dan Minat Beli (Studi pada Konsumen Kosmetik E-Commerce di Solo Raya)

    OpenAIRE

    Zahra Noor Eriza

    2017-01-01

    Abstrak Electronic word of mouth (E-WOM) banyak dimanfaatkan konsumen untuk menggali informasi mengenai suatu produk. Informasi yang diperoleh dari berbagai sumber di internet akan mempengaruhi persepsi konsumen terhadap citra merek, risiko dan mendorong minat beli konsumen. Penelitian ini menganalisis peran mediasi citra merek dan persepsi risiko pada hubungan E-WOM dan minat beli. Sampel penelitian ini terdiri dari 149 konsumen di Solo Raya yang telah melakukan pembelian kosmetik melalui...

  12. The Effect of Service Delivery Performance and Corporate Social Responsibility on Institutional Image and Competitive Advantage and its Implication on Customer Trust (A Survey of Private Hospitals in Solo Raya)

    OpenAIRE

    Yadi Purwanto

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates private hospitals performance measured by service delivery, corporate social responsibility, institutional image and competitive advantage with the effect towards customer trust. The data was collected from 420 patients from 21 private hospitals in Solo Raya including Solo city, and 6 regencies: Boyolali, Klaten, Sukoharjo, Wonogiri, Karanganyar, and Sragen. This study indicates that service delivery performance and corporate social responsibility is lesser and lower t...

  13. ANALISIS PENGARUH KUALITAS LAYANAN, HARGA, KEPERCAYAAN, CITRA PERUSAHAAN, DAN KEPUASAN PELANGGAN TERHADAP LOYALITAS PELANGGAN : (Studi Pada Pelanggan Telkom Speedy Di Palangka Raya

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    Deddy Rakhmad Hidayat

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was made to determine and analyze the factors that affect customer loyalty, such as customer satisfaction, trust, corporate image shaped by service quality and price. Object of this study are household customers who subscribe SPEEDY more than 3 months in Palangka Raya. Techniques used in the sampling in this study was purposive sampling. With a sample of 110 people who qualify maximum likehood estimation of SEM. Data collection using questionnaires and the data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM software with IBM SPSS Amos 20. Results and implications of this study is that theoretically this study supports previous research which states that service quality has positive and significant impact on corporate image, corporate image has positive and significant impact on customer satisfaction, customer satisfaction has positive and significant effect on confidence, and negatively affect prices significant impact on customer loyalty, customer satisfaction and a significant positive effect on customer loyalty. Keywords: Customer  Loyalty,  Customer  Satisfaction,  Trust,  Corporate  Image,  Service Quality, and Price

  14. Analisis Kapabilitas Teknologi Informasi Terhadap Kinerja Bisnis Ukm Dengan Orientasi Pelanggan Sebagai Variabel Intervening (Studi pada UKM Sektor Manufaktur di Wilayah Solo Raya

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    Ahmad Sidiq

    2017-01-01

    Abstract   This study examines the effect of information technology capabilities on the performance of the SME business with customer orientation serves as the mediation of the relationship between information technology capabilities and business performance. SME business performance that will either reinforce the existence of SMEs in the domestic market and increase the ability to compete in balance in the international market. The study population was in the manufacturing sector in the region of Solo Raya as 505 companies with a sample of 120 SMEs. The sampling technique used is the probability sampling with primary data sourced from small business owners who know the conditions of the use of information technology and customer orientation within the company. The method used to analyze the data is structural equation modeling (SEM with the help of Partial Least Square (PLS. The result showed business performance can be explained by the capabilities of information technology and customer orientation by 54%. Hypothesis testing results showed the capabilities of information technology has positive effect on customer orientation and business performance. Besides customer orientation effect on performance. The customer orientation can serve as mediating in the relationship between information technology capabilities and business performance. Key Words: Capability of Information Technology, Customer Orientation, Business Performance

  15. PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU KEPALA RUMAH TANGGA TERHADAP PENGELOLAAN AIR LIMBAH RUMAH TANGGA (KASUS DI KELURAHAN PEKAPURAN RAYA KECAMATAN BANJARMASIN TIMUR KOTA BANJARMASIN

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    Wahyu Hardi Cahyono

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the efforts of Banjarmasin City Government to reduce water pollution by establishing Local Company Waste Water Management, which the company functions to process and dispose of household wastewater population by installing waste water pipe network to the home population ( off site system, but still many heads of households do not take advantage of the IPAL. Based on the results of research in Kelurahan Pekapuran Raya found that public knowledge about domestic waste water are still many who do not know the household waste water. The attitude of rejection of the existence of IPAL with a variety of reasons they put forward like objection to the demolition of the road in its territory, the objections of the payment of 25% of PDAM tariffs and went along with refuse because there are influential figures in society also does not come IPAL utilize the existence of the advice given is Government should further enhance efforts to disseminate information about the management of domestic wastewater through socialization to community leaders and through media information or conduct training to the village which will be forwarded to the local community. Development of pilot areas that will both domestic waste water management, will provide definitive proof to the people who have or are still opposed to the program management of household waste water.

  16. Prototipo de un sistema experto para el diagnóstico de enfermedades infecciosas en crías de alpacas de la raza hucaya y suri del cip - la raya de la U.N.A. - Puno

    OpenAIRE

    Ibañez Quispe, Vladimiro

    2001-01-01

    El presente trabajo de tesis titulado «PROTOTIPO DE UN SISTEMA EXPERTO PARA EL DIAGNÓSTICO DE ENFERMEDADES INFECCIOSAS EN CRÍAS DE ALPACAS DE LA RAZA HUACAYA Y SURI DEL CIP-LA RAYA DE LA U.N.A.-PUNO», se ha ejecutado en la Provincia de Puno, usando los recursos computacionales existentes, las bondades de la ingeniería del software y la inteligencia artificial, que fue orientado al campo de la ganadería, específicamente en alpacas, cuyo objetivo principal fue de analizar, diseñar e implementar...

  17. Efecto de factores ambientales y la asignación del esfuerzo pesquero sobre las capturas de la raya Aetobatus narinari (Rajiformes: Myliobatidae en el sur del Golfo de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Cuevas

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Aunque existen estudios sobre las pesquerías de batoideos en aguas Mexicanas, falta información sobre la influencia de factores sobre las operaciones pesqueras y las tasas de captura. Para evaluar el efecto de algunos factores en la pesquería dirigida sobre la raya pinta Aetobatus narinari en el Sur del Golfo de México, se realizaron registros diarios de las operaciones pesqueras de cuatro embarcaciones menores en dos localidades (Campeche y Seybaplaya, de enero a julio 2009 (temporada de pesca completa. Fueron registradas 896 rayas en 280 viajes de pesca. Se utilizó el Modelo General Lineal para evaluar la influencia de los factores en las operaciones de pesca y las tasas de captura. La operación pesquera fue predicha por el ciclo lunar (frente a Campeche y la velocidad del viento (frente a Seybaplaya. Las tasas de captura frente a Seybaplaya fueron predichas por el factor embarcación, la temporada de frentes fríos y la temperatura superficial del mar. Este estudio demuestra que tanto los factores ambientales como las diferencias en la asignación del esfuerzo pesquero entre embarcaciones, influyen en las tasas de captura, por lo que deben ser considerados en estudios futuros que comparen tasas de captura entre estaciones del año y regiones.

  18. Optimización del juego tres en raya con niveles de dificultad utilizando heurísticas de inteligencia artificial

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    César Javier Villacís

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los videojuegos educativos, además de proporcionar distracción y diversión,  estimulan el desarrollo del pensamiento de los niños en las áreas lógica y espacial. Esta investigación presenta la optimización de un videojuego educativo relacionado con los juegos de lógica, conocido como el Tres en Raya o Tic-Tac-Toe (en inglés, enfocado a niños entre 7 y 11 años. Método: Para llevarlo a cabo, se ha empleado el Método de Diseño Hipermedia Orientada a Objetos para el diseño conceptual y navegacional de la aplicación, lo cual permite crear interfaces de usuario interactivas y amigables con el usuario. Además, se utilizó técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial para que el jugador, simulado y controlado por la computadora,  pueda emular la toma de decisiones por sí mismo, y esté en capacidad de enfrentar al usuario. Las técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial utilizadas son del tipo heurísticas, implementadas mediante un método numérico inédito, basado en series numéricas finitas, lo cual difiere de otros del mismo tipo, donde lo común es utilizar el Algoritmo del MIN-MAX. Para la ejecución del juego se ha recurrido a la incorporación de un agente virtual que brindará soporte al usuario en los diferentes niveles de dificultad del juego. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que existen diferencias cognitivas por edad, género y nivel de dificultad en el juego de una muestra representativa de niños de una unidad educativa. Conclusión: Estes tipos de programas estimulan el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños que se encuentran en su etapa primaria  de  formación.

  19. Necrosis cutánea severa por picadura de raya en el miembro inferior: presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura Stingray injury causing severe cutaneous necrosis: case report and literature review

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    M.A. Hoyos Franco

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia con un caso de picadura por raya en el área maleolar interna del pie derecho de un hombre de 25 años, que sufrió mientras pescaba. Inicialmente presentó dolor urente, seguido de edema severo, con necrosis de la piel suprayacente. Ingresa a nuestra institución 24 horas después y con edema, eritema y secreción purulenta en el sitio afectado. Se inicia tratamiento con antibióticos sistémicos y se realizan tres lavados y desbridamientos en días subsecuentes. Evolucionó con solución de continuidad y exposición ósea sobre el maléolo interno en un área de 7 x 5 cms que se cubrió con un colgajo safeno interno de flujo reverso que evolucionó satisfactoriamente. Las lesiones ocasionadas por la picadura de raya (Myliobatidae son escasamente referidas en Cirugía Plástica, pues la lesión tisular severa de las extremidades es poco frecuente. Revisamos la fisiopatología, los tipos de lesiones que se producen y los principios de tratamiento.The purpose of this paper is to present our experience with one case of stingray injury, in a 25 years old man, while he was fishing, compromising his right feet at the internal malleolus. At the beginning he had severe pain, and during the first hours after the accident progressive edema was evident. He arrived to our hospital 24 hours later, when purulent discharge and eritem was obvious. Intravenous antibiotics were initiated and three surgical debridements where performed during the following week. After the process was complete, a soft tissue defect was created on the internal malleolus (7 x 5 cm. Reconstruction was achieved using a reverse internal saphenous flap that evolved satisfactorily. Severe skin injuries caused by stingrays (Myliobatidae have been reported shortly in plastic surgery literature, because these lesions usually heal without surgical procedures. We review skin injury physiopathology, showing the different kind of

  20. Peran Mediasi Citra Merek dan Persepsi Risiko pada Hubungan antara Electronic Word of Mouth (E-WOM dan Minat Beli (Studi pada Konsumen Kosmetik E-Commerce di Solo Raya

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    Zahra Noor Eriza

    2017-06-01

    Electronic word of mouth (E-WOM banyak dimanfaatkan konsumen untuk menggali informasi mengenai suatu produk. Informasi yang diperoleh dari berbagai sumber di internet akan mempengaruhi persepsi konsumen terhadap citra merek, risiko dan mendorong minat beli konsumen. Penelitian ini menganalisis peran mediasi citra merek dan persepsi risiko pada hubungan E-WOM dan minat beli. Sampel penelitian ini terdiri dari 149 konsumen di Solo Raya yang telah melakukan pembelian kosmetik melalui e-commerce. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa E-WOM berpengaruh positif terhadap minat beli dan citra merek. Pengujian regresi mediasi menyimpulkan bahwa citra merek memediasi secara parsial hubungan E-WOM dan minat beli. Hasil tersebut mengartikan bahwa aktivitas membaca ulasan produk di internet akan memberikan informasi mengenai manfaat dan keunggulan produk sehingga konsumen akan merasa yakin bahwa mereka memilih produk yang tepat dan mendorong minat beli konsumen. Sedangkan E-WOM berpengaruh negatif terhadap persepsi risiko namun tidak memediasi hubungan E-WOM dan minat beli.   Kata kunci : E-WOM, Minat Beli, Citra Merek, Persepsi Risiko.

  1. Biología de la raya guitarra Rhinobatos leucorhynchus (Günther, 1867 (Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae en el Pacífico colombiano Biology of the guitar ray Rhinobatos leucorhynchus (Günther, 1867 (Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae in the Colombian Pacific

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    Luis Fernando Payán

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La raya guitarra Rhinobatos leucorhynchus es comúnmente capturada como fauna acompañante en la pesca del camarón de aguas someras del Pacífico colombiano, tanto a nivel industrial como artesanal. A partir de 286 ejemplares capturados incidentalmente entre 2001 y 2007, se estudiaron diferentes aspectos biológicos de esta especie. Las hembras fueron proporcionalmente más grandes que los machos, aunque el crecimiento fue similar en ambos sexos (alométrico. Los embriones no presentaron diferencias sexuales significativas ni en talla ni en peso. La proporción sexual en adultos fue 2,4:1 (hembras-machos, mientras que en embriones esta proporción fue de 1:1. El 51,5% de machos presentó claspers desarrollados y calcificados y el 56,5% de las hembras estaban grávidas, presentando fecundidades entre 1 y 6 embriones, con tallas entre 3 y 19,5 cm, sugiriendo una talla de nacimiento entre 19 y 19,5 cm LT. La talla mediana de madurez de las hembras fue menor que la de machos (48,48 cm y 51,18 cm LT, respectivamente, y las hembras presentaron crías a partir de 44 cm LT. Los hábitos alimentarios de esta especie mostraron 30 ítems presa, con camarones de la familia Penaeidae, y especialmente Trachypenaeus sp. como alimento principal. La raya guitarra presentó diferencias significativas en la dieta de machos y hembras, y la amplitud de nicho indicó que es especialista en su dieta. Los resultados de este estudio aportan información útil para plantear medidas de manejo de R. leucorhynchus, especie que requiere atención, dado sus características biológicas y su importancia comercial y de consumo.The guitar ray Rhinobatos leucorhynchus is commonly caught as by-catch of industrial and artisanal shrimp trawling in the shallow waters of the Colombian Pacific. The biological aspects of this species were studied using 286 animals caught as by-catch between 2001 and 2007. The females were proportionally larger than males, although growth was similar

  2. From coexistence to competitive exclusion: can overfishing change the outcome of competition in skates (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae? De la coexistencia a la exclusión competitiva: ¿Puede la sobrepesca cambiar el resultado de la competencia en rayas (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae?

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    Natalia L Ruocco

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Competition for food could be a major force driving changes in the community structure of skates (Rajidae subjected to fishing exploitation. Under this hypothesis, small skates are released from competition with larger skates after fishing has depleted the larger species. Here, we compare the abundance patterns of two sympatric skates with similar niches but different life histories, Bathyraja albomaculata (larger and slow-reproducing and Bathyraja macloviana (smaller and faster-reproducing, before (1971, 1978 and after (1998-2004 a 108% increase in industrial bottom trawling on the southeastern South American shelf in order to test the prediction that B. macloviana should competitively exclude B. albomaculata after the increase in fishing mortality. In 1971 and 1978, there was no relationship between the abundance of both species, indicating that they coexisted over large scales. In 1998-2004, the relationship between the abundances of these skates was bell-shaped, indicating that both species increased in abundance at low densities until peaking, after which B. albomaculata decreased when B. macloviana became more abundant, consistent with resource competition. We tested whether food may be a potential limiting resource by comparing the diet of both species. The two species consumed mostly polychaetes, differing only in the consumption of polychaetes from the family Nephthyidae, which was much higher for B. macloviana. Bathyraja macloviana could replace B. albomaculata at high densities when food resources may become scarce. These results support the hypothesis that competition release is an important factor explaining the changes in skate communities in overexploited areas.La competencia por el alimento podría ser una fuerza importante detrás de los cambios en la estructura de las comunidades de rayas (Rajidae bajo explotación pesquera. Según esta hipótesis, las rayas pequeñas son liberadas de la competencia por las rayas de mayor tama

  3. Reproducción de la raya eléctrica Narcine bancroftii (Torpediniformes: Narcinidae en Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano Reproduction of the electric ray Narcine bancroftii (Torpediniformes: Narcinidae in Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean

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    Fabián Moreno

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron aspectos reproductivos de la raya eléctrica Narcine bancroftii, capturada como bycatch con una red playera de cerco en dos playas del sector de El Rodadero, Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares fueron sexados, pesados y medidos, se identificó su estado de desarrollo gonadal mediante características morfológicas externas e internas. Se evaluó la condición reproductiva con el comportamiento de los índices biológicos (gonadosomático IGS y hepatosomático IHS y la talla a la madurez sexual (l50%. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que el IGS tiene un máximo anual entre septiembre y diciembre cuando probablemente ocurre la cópula. El IHS presentó su mayor valor en enero, cuando termina su periodo reproductivo. La talla media de madurez en hembras fue de 32,2 cm y en machos de 20,2 a 22,9 cm. El período de gestación es de cuatro meses y las crías nacen de febrero a abril.This paper provides information about reproductive aspects of the electric ray Narcine bancroftii, caught as bycatch with beach seines in two beaches of El Rodadero, Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean, between August (2005 and October (2006. The electric rays obtained were separate by sex, weighed and measured; the development of reproductive stage was identified by external and internal characteristics. The reproductive condition was determinate by (gonadosomatic GSI and hepatosomatic HSI indexes and the size at sexual maturity (l50%. The results showed that the GSI has one peak at year between September and December when probably the copulation carried out, the HSI presented its highest value in January, which corresponds to the end of the reproductive period. The size at sexual maturity was 32.2 cm in females and it was between 20.2 and 22.9 cm in males. We propose that the gestation period extends during four months, starting with the birth of individuals in February and finishing in April.

  4. Composición de especies, tasas de captura y estructura de tamaño de peces capturados en la pesquería espinelera artesanal de rayas en la zona sur-austral de Chile Species composition, catch rates, and size structures of fishes caught in the small-scale longline skate fishery off southern Chile

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    Juan Carlos Quiroz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos diez años los desembarques de rayas en la pesquería espinelera artesanal se han incrementado aceleradamente en la zona sur-austral de Chile y actualmente se desconocen características fundamentales para la descripción de la dinámica poblacional, como es la composición de especies, tasas de capturas y estructura de tamaño. En este estudio se exploraron estas características mediante información biológico-pesquera obtenida en un programa de moni toreo experimental desarrollado entre febrero 2003 y agosto 2004. Se analizaron 403 lances de pesca donde se registró información operational (fecha, profundidad, tiempo de reposo, número de anzuelos, captura total y zona de pesca y biológica (identificación de especies, número de especies, peso, sexo y longitud total. Se examinó por zona de pesca la composición de un grupo de 16 especies correspondientes al 98% de la captura total. Las capturas estuvieron constituidas principalmente por raya volantín (Dipturus chilensis y congrio dorado (Genypterus blacodes, que en conjunto representaron el 87,8% de la captura total, mientras que la importancia del resto de las especies de elasmobranquios incidentales no superó el 9%. Adicionalmente, se obtuvo la estructura de tamaño y tasas de captura de congrio dorado y de las únicas dos especies de rajiformes reportadas en las capturas, raya volantín y raya espinuda (Dipturus trachyderma. En estas tres especies, la estructura de tamaño evidenció cambios significativos (p Landings of the small-scale longline skate fishery have increased rapidly off southern Chile during the last ten years. At present, the fundamental characteristics for describing the population dynamics (e.g., species composition, catch rates, size structures are not known. The present study explored these characteristics using biological-fishery information coming from an experimental sampling program carried out between February 2003 and August 2004. A total

  5. Signage dan Penerapannya: Lingkungan Jalan Raya Tol Bintaro

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    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The term ‘signage’ sometimes has been confused with the term ‘sign or symbol’, although the term signage is actually a theme which has consistency and also covers an area from a specific environment and mood. Signage has been designed to inform about location and direction of interior and exterior environment. In general, design system and the use of signage, such as graphic standard, material and the positioning, has been organized by international standardization from every country in the world. One of the most important categories of signage is the application of signage in highways. The study is about signage from historical background, category, color scheme, design and human factor approach; from psychological physics, social culture, to the connectivity with the value and products’ characteristic. Human factor comprehension is also one of the most important elements in signage design process. Each perspective or perception from highway user and their reaction about the signage has been conditioned by a specific characteristic of human, such as from biophysics-psyche, socio-culture, spiritual cosmologis transcendental with its five senses. Human factor as a user has an important role to obtain the best solution or good design solution for the community who use that signage.  

  6. Cruz y raya en los libros: enero de 1966

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    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available -SMITH, Adam. Investigación sobre la naturaleza y causas de la riqueza de las naciones. Edición de Edwin Cannan con introducción de Max Lerner. México, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1958. 917 p. -BARRERA, Rafael. Aspectos de la reforma agraria en Colombia; antecedentes, progreso y comentarios. México, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales. Universidad Nacional, pág. 185. -Seminario sobre problemas de Urbanización en América Latina. Santiago de Chile. Documentos del seminario sobre problemas de urbanización en América Latina, patrocinado conjuntamente por la ONU, la CEPAL y la OEA; edición por Philip M. Hauser. 340 págs.

  7. Sertifikat Lestari PT. Diamond Raya Timber: Aset atau Beban?

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    Ahmad Maryudi

    2007-01-01

    Several environmental non-government organizations and green parties pursue various strategies to promote sustainable management of forest resource. Due to the increasing environment awareness of some segments of timber users, they have established a certification body and developed a set of criteria and indicators, against which the performance of participating forest companies will be assessed. Early experiences in Indonesia showed that certification received warm welcome from several forest companies, as there is no question that they saw the attraction of being certified. However, it appears that their enthusiasm was dampened by the experience of a certified company. Certification might have been seen as more of a liability than an asset as the economic benefits from market access became less clear, while the costs became more apparent. The use of rigid standards might result in “negative” responses from forest companies. More proactive approaches might encourage the companies to join certification.

  8. Cruz y raya en los libros: Junio de 1967

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    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available STOKES, Sewell. Mas allá del Bien y del Mal; basada en la vida de Oscar Wilde. Buenos Aires, Kraft, 1965 271 p. He aquí una novela que no es una biografía, y he aquí, igualmente una biografía que no es una novela. Es decir, a una especie de centauro literario, cuyo caballo no corresponde rigurosamente a la especie equina, porque tiene una parte humana. Y viceversa.

  9. Ragam Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula pada Areca di Kebun Raya Bogor

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    Ratu Aqila Fahriny

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Areca known as the pinang tree and have benefit as a powerful medicine on men. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF are symbiotic on almost every root plants, but the diversity of AMF on rizosfer Areca is unknown. Therefore research on variety and colonies AMF on rizosfer Areca is needed. Soil samples of Areca were isolated and processed by wet sieving and decauting method. Root samples of Areca were stained by using trypan blue in lactoglycerol. There were 3 genera of AMF collected from Bogor Botanical Garden (4 species Acaulospora, 3 species Glomus, and 2 species Scutellospora which is associated with 3 species of Areca. Percentage colonies of AMF rizosfer on roots Areca was counted. Areca has an intermediate type of arbuscular.

  10. KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN EKONOMI DI SMAN DAN MAN MALANG RAYA

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    Rahma Sandhi Prahara

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Learning readiness of economy according to the needs of the students be a challenge for learners in formal education. The quality of a study can be seen if the purpose of learning itself achieved well. It is necessary for mapping the quality of learning to know how qualified learning is. Mapping quality using the input, process and output of education. The input aspect consists of teachers, students, and facilities and infrastructure. The process aspect consists of a syllabus, lesson plans, implementation, and assessment. The output aspect to be evaluated at the end of an activity to determine how far the understanding that has been achieved by the students. Kesiapan pembelajaran ekonomi yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan siswa menjadi tantangan tersendiri bagi pembelajar pada pendidikan formal. Kualitas sebuah pembelajaran dapat terlihat jika tujuan dari pembelajaran itu sendiri tercapai dengan baik. Untuk itu diperlukan pemetaan kualitas pembelajaran untuk mengetahui seberapa berkualitasnya pembelajaran dalam suatu instansi. Pemetaan kualitas menggunakan input, proses, dan output pendidikan. Segi input terdiri dari guru, siswa, serta sarana dan prasarana belajar. Segi proses terdiri dari silabus, Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran, pelaksanaan dan penilaian. Segi output dilakukan evaluasi pada akhir suatu kegiatan untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh pemahaman yang telah dicapai oleh siswa terhadap tujuan yang ditetapkan dalam suatu pembelajaran.

  11. Penerapan Teknologi GPS Tracker Untuk Identifikasi Kondisi Traffik Jalan Raya

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    IM. O. Widyantara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Real time tracking system technology has been made possible by integrating three technologies, namely global positioning system (GPS, database technologies such as geographic information system (GIS and mobile telecommunications technologies such as general packet radio service (GPRS. This paper has proposed a vehicle tracking mechanism based on GPS tracker to build a real-time traffic information system. A GPS server is built to process data of position and speed of the vehicle for further processed into vehicle traffic information. The Server and GPS tracker is designed to communicate using GPRS services in real time. Furthermore, the server processes the data from the GPS tracker into traffic information such as traffic jam, dense, medium and smoothly. Test results showed that the GPS server is able to visualize the real position of the vehicle and is able to decide the category of traffic information in real time.

  12. KONTINUITAS DAN PERUBAHAN MAKNA LAGU KEBANGSAAN INDONESIA RAYA

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    Wisnu Mintargo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to analyze function of “heroic” Indonesia songs related to the struggle for Indonesian independence ( from 1945 to 1949 from a historical perspective. Through this analysis it is hoped that the process of the past, particularly the history of music development in Indonesia and the background of the use of the “heroic”Indonesia songs, can be reconstructed. Important aspects of Indonesian songs, as this paper shows, include a constructive function for ceremonies and advice for development. The ceremonial character is shown in the song of “Indonesia Raya”. the national anthem.

  13. Cruz y raya en los libros: Abril de 1966

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    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-04-01

    Full Text Available PERICO RAMIREZ, MARIO. De la entraña a la piel. Introducción de Eduardo Mendoza Varela. Tunja. Fondo Rotatorio de Publicaciones de la Contraloría Departamental. 1966, 246 p. He aquí un libro en extremo individual porque todo cuanto dice es algo personal, en el sentido de que si bien en ninguna parte nos cuenta hechos de la propia vida del autor, con vehemente intensidad, en cambio, nos describe, nos deja ver puro desnudo su yo temperamental. Mejor aún: nos lo avienta apostrofador e increpante.

  14. ANALISIS KEBERLANJUTAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN LINDUNG MANGROVE DI BATU AMPAR, KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA, PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT

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    Endang Karlina

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Hutan lindung mangrove mempunyai fungsi dan manfaat secara ekonomi, ekologi dan sosial. Pengelolaannya memerlukan perencanaan yang dapat menjamin keberlanjutan fungsi dan manfaat tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat keberlanjutan pengelolaan hutan lindung mangrove dan menentukan faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap pengelolaan hutan lindung mangrove yang berkelanjutan. Analisis data menggunakan RAP-Mpforest dengan metode multidimensional scaling (MDS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa status keberlanjutan pengelolaan hutan lindung mangrove di Kecamatan Batu Ampar adalah cukup berkelanjutan (54,59% pada kriteria ekologi; dan kurang berkelanjutan pada kriteria ekonomi (34,06% dan kriteria sosial (42,03%. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap keberlanjutan pengelolaan hutan lindung mangrove meliputi: (1 penataan batas kawasan; (2 kesesuaian peruntukan kawasan; (3 ketersediaan bibit tanaman mangrove; (4 perlindungan terhadap flora  dan fauna; (5 pendapatan pemerintah dari pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan hutan lindung mangrove; (6 tingkat pendapatan masyarakat sekitar hutan; (7 mekanisme resolusi konflik lahan yang efektif; dan (8 praktek budaya lokal dalam pelestaria hutan lindung mangrove; (9 ketersediaan organisasi masyarakat dalam pengelolaan hutan lindung mangrove; dan (10 keterlibatan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan hutan lindung mangrove. Perencanaan pengelolaan yang tidak mempertimbangkan kesepuluh faktor tersebut secara seimbang tidak akan menjamin keberlanjutan pengelolaan hutan lindung mangrove di Batu Ampar.

  15. Visualisasi 3 Dimensi Tumbuhan Langka di Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya Bogor

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    Rubil Rubil

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Plants are an important part of the cycle of life, but often overlooked by human existence. Lots of plants are on the verge of extinction so it is difficult to see their figures. Many efforts have been done by agencies to preserve the rare plant. With the 3-dimensional visualization that replaces the figures of the ungrowing plants, the authors intend to make a 3D prototype application of rare plant encyclopedia. The goal is to simplify the users, especially visitors of Plant Conservation Center Library to see 3-dimensional model of rare plants. Theapplication is created through several stages of research, including field observations and interviews, library research, and related researches. Vaughan multimedia development is implemented for system development which has 4 stages. First is planning by searching target audiences, and making design concept of and navigation concept. Next is design and production phase using 5 activities such as storyboard, flowchart, interface design, content search and production. Alpha and Beta testing is used as the testing phase. The last isthe multiplication and distribution phase of application deployment. This application can allow users to search for information about the world of plants. For further development of the process, the application is expected torun in a web-based media to be accessible by public.

  16. ANALISIS PERILAKU KONSUMEN DALAM KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN SEPEDA MOTOR PADA MAHASISWA SE-MALANG RAYA

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    Asna Asna

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of motor vehicle industries especially motorcycle industries is an interesting phenomenon. Since the economic of Indonesia was declined, motorcyle industries indicated the improvment of sales. This research is trying to see the impact of the stimulus towards the customer purchase decision, when they buy motorcyle. It was sutdy on the University sudents  in Malang. The customer behavior is studied from the factors influencing that behavior, such as social, personal, psychological and cultural factors, whereas the customer purchase decision is studied from the decision making process, which is decided into fully planned purchases. The result of the research, which is taken from 100 respondents, shows that cultural, psychological and factors have positive influences sifnificantly towards the customer purchase decision. Whereas, from social and personal factors, it has no influences on the customer purchase decision.

  17. Effect of Traffic Noise on Sleep: A Case Study in Serdang Raya, Selangor, Malaysia

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    Bavani Nadaraja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Traffic noise has been recognised as a serious threat to the quality of life in most industrialised nations. The rapid growth of towns, cities and population has increased the density of traffic. There are various effects of traffic noise on people and these effects are often interrelated. The most common yet serious problem is sleep disturbance. In this study field measurement and questionnaire survey were carried out to determine the overall noise level and the view and opinion of the residents on their sleep disturbance. As the LAeq was higher than the guideline values, contradictorily the survey results showed that most of the residents sleep time was not affected and they were not really annoyed by the traffic noise. This is mainly because most of the residents at the study area residing there for more than 19 years and this is sufficient enough to describe the pattern of outcome where most of the residents were get used with the traffic noise and they adapt it in their daily life as a norm. Yet, countermeasures such as construction of noise barrier are highly recommended to curb the chronic effects. So, a further study is required to establish this.

  18. Keanekaragaman jenis benalu parasit pada tanaman koleksi di Kebun Raya Eka Karya, Bali

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    Tahan Uji

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Benalu is one of the parasitic plants which have ataccked many collection plants species in Eka Karya Botanical Garden, Bali. Exploration and collection of these parasitic plants in this area are conducted. Four parasitic plants species, i.e. Dendrophthoe pentandra, Helixanthera cylindrica, Scurrula atropurpurea, and S. parasitica are recorded and they attack 32 collection plants species in Eka Karya Botanical Garden. Dendrophthoe pentandra is reported as the highest population species to parasiting collection plants species. While the Myrtaceae family and Syzygium genera are also reported as the highest parasited species.

  19. Preferensi dan kerusakan tumbuhan koleksi Kebun Raya Cibodas oleh benalu Scurrula oortiana (Korth. Dans.

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    Sunaryo Sunaryo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The mistletoe of Scurrula oortiana (Korth. Dans. (Loranthaceae growing on several collection plants at Cibodas Botanical Garden. The mistletoe parasite 48 species of plants collection, what come within in 24 tribe. Plants collection which attacked as thehighest is group of Ficus type (Moraceae. While attacked by individual in number at most is Callistemon citrinus (Myrtaceae. Themistletoe has caused the damage at part of branch. Infected and uninfected branches of host species were observed. The result showedthat the mistletoe causes degradation of the distal part of the infected branches. Damage value of branch which parasite of mean morethan 50%.

  20. Analisis Ornamen Dan Kaligrafi Pada Masjid Raya Al-Osmani Medan Labuhan Kota Medan (Kajian Semiotika)

    OpenAIRE

    Ilham, Muhammad

    2017-01-01

    130704033 ? ???? ????.2017. ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. (????? ????????). ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????. ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? (????????) ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? (????). ??? ????? ?? ????????. ??? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???...

  1. PEWARISAN NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA LOKAL DI MALANG RAYA (STUDI KAUS PAES MANTEN STYLE MALANGAN

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    Mila Suraya

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to generate the construction of the learning component paes manten style Malangan built into the process of inheritance values of the local culture. This study includes qualitative research with case study design. In this study, the researchers present for extracting data on informants, at the time of interview and observation. The results of this study were (1 There is a learning process informally in the process of inheritance of learning paes manten Malangan but the learning process that takes place not only on the next generation but can be to anyone (2 The learning process in inheritance cultural values paes manten Malangan done by stages that must be done by the prospective makeup. And the passing skills of paes manten Malangan informal learning occurs at every stage there are deliberate by students (prospective cosmetic, but a source of learning (cosmetic do not realize, or vice versa. (3 Components of learning in paes manten Malangan can not be seen as in formal education but still can be seen implied. Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan konstruksi komponen pembelajaran paes manten style Malangan yang dibangun dalam proses pewarisan nila-nilai budaya lokal. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kualitatif dengan desain studi kasus. Pada penelitian ini,  peneliti  hadir  untuk penggalian data dari informan, yaitu pada saat wawancara dan observasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah (1 terdapat proses belajar secara informal pada proses pewarisan pembelajaran paes manten Malangan, namun proses pembelajaran yang berlangsung tidak hanya terjadi pada satu generasi penerus saja tetapi bisa kepada siapa saja (2 proses pembelajaran dalam pewarisan nilai-nilai budaya paes manten Malangan dilakukan dengan tahapan-tahapan yang harus dilakukan oleh calon perias. Pewarisan keterampilan paes manten Malangan pembelajaran informal terjadi pada setiap tahapannya ada yang disengaja oleh peserta didik (calon perias namun sumber belajar (perias tidak menyadari atau sebaliknya. (3 komponen pembelajaran dalam paes manten Malangan tidak dapat terlihat seperti pada pendidikan formal, namun masih dapat diketahui secara tersirat.

  2. MERCURY (Hg CONTENT OF MEAT TILAPIA FISH (Oreochromis niloticus WERE CULTIVATED IN PALANGKA RAYA CITY

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    Ciptadi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Tilapia fish as Palangkarayan food are mostly cultivated in the river which exposed by mercury. To get information whether the fish have been contaminated by mercury, the mercury determination of tilapia fish meat cultivated in Kahayan river was carried out. The fish were analyzed based on age and the cultivation environment that are fishes cages in Kahayan river and isolated pond from streams of Kahayan river are also studied. The concentration of mercury in the flesh of tilapia with 5-7 months, kept in cages used to identify the content of mercury in fish tilapia cages in Kahayan river. The concentration of mercury in the flesh of tilapia reared in ponds aims to compare the mercury content in the tilapia in ponds the same age were used as comparison. The level of mercury in the samples was measured using a Mercury Analyzer. Data concentration of mercury in the flesh of tilapia were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA: single factor with a significance level (α of 5%. The results showed that tilapia fish meat from the cages in the Kahayan river with age of 5-7 months contain mercury as much as 0.0145 ± 0.0005 ppm to 0.017 ± 0.001 ppm, which were lower than the maximum limit of mercury contamination in fish and processed products regulated by ISO 7387 in 2009 of 0.5 ppm. The the analysis of variance showed that the mercury content in tilapia fish meat was different by age and place of cultivation. The content of mercury in the tilapia fish meat increase with the increase of their age. The mercury content in tilapia fish cultivated in the isolated pond lower than that of in the tilapia fish meat cultivated in cages of 0.0115 ± 0.0005 ppm

  3. Etos Kerja Pemimpin USAha Jasa Transportasi (Studi Kasus di Terminal Bandar Raya Payung Sekaki )

    OpenAIRE

    Amali, Khairul; Bahri, Syamsul

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to know work ethos of transportation service entrepreneurs, economic behavior of transportation service entrepreneurs, and factors influencing work ethic of transportation service employers. Working ethos is according to Sukriyanto (2000) is a morale that is owned by the community to be able to work better in order to obtain the value of their lives. Someone who has a good work ethic will certainly enjoy the process of their work without much complaints so that...

  4. Identifikasi Kemiskinan Air Di Daerah Aliran Sungai Citarum Hulu: Kasus Daerah Bandung Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Maulani, Nova; Sunardi, S; Sumiarsa, Dadan; Djuwansah, D

    2013-01-01

    Sungai Citarum termasuk salah satu sungai besar danstrategis di Indonesia kondisinya dalam keadaan sangat kritis.Berbagai aktivitas dengan kurang terkendalinya limbah yang dibuang ke sungaimenyebabkan Sungai Citarum menghadapi berbagai permasalahan yang berdampak padasuplai air baku/bersih bagi penduduk sekitar DAS. Kritisnya tersebut sudah terjadi sejakdari bagian hulu. Sementara itu, pertumbuhan penduduk mendorong meningkatnyakebutuhan air baku untuk keperluan air domestik, pertanian, dan i...

  5. INVENTARISASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI TAMBANG DI KABUPATEN MURUNG RAYA DAS BARITO HULU

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    Karta Sirang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Act No. 41 of 1999 mandates that the forest can be utilized for other sectors outside the forestry sector in accordance with the regulations and provisions of the rights and obligations are binding on each of the use or utilization. Forestry ministry to allow use of forest area borrowed Minister of Forestry: Guidelines for Borrow Wear P.43/Menhut-II/2008 Forest, including for the activity of mining Activities Inventory and Identification of Areas Mining in forest areas in Hulu Barito river basin is to determine the use of forest areas outside the forestry sector, particularly for the mining sector. The results obtained that the Inventory and Identification; Potential types of mining and quarrying in the district Murung Kingdom is Coal, Gold, Diamond, Lime, Bentonite, Stone and Sand, The form of licensing status Feasibility Study 2 companies, licensing status Form of Construction 2 companies and licensing status PKB2B form of Constantine and 27 Exploration and Mining Company perysahaan have fare SK Borrow Wear Forest Zone 6 companies.

  6. PENERAPAN TRI HITA KARANA DALAM HARMONISASI KONSERVASI DAN BUDAYA DI DAYA TARIK WISATA KEBUN RAYA BALI

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    I Gst Ngurah Putu Dedy Wirawan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the application of Tri Hita Karana (THK values involving the harmonisation of conservation and culture at the Bali Botanic Garden, Tabanan, Bali. THK is an Hindu beliefs with three main harmonious concepts including harmony among people, harmony with the natural environment and harmony with God. Balinese recognise ecosystem-based nature management, as in the term Tri Mandala, three different level of spaces according to the purpose and benefits of parhyangan (holy place, palemahan (environment and pawongan (human. These three spaces according to Balinese culture must be harmonious, balanced and preserved in order to support conservation efforts. Combined conservation efforts with cultural values is also a theme that has been utilized by the Bali Botanic Garden in building thematic collections, such as the collection of medicinal plants, traditional ceremonial plants, and ethnobotany artefacts. This collections insight into Balinese cultural conservation supports educational and tourism services at Bali Botanic Garden. The implementation of THK philosophy at Bali Botanic Garden has an important to improves resource efficiency, maintains relationships with the creators, conserves the environment and culture, and maintains harmony in reducing conflict, social imbalances and ensures the sustainability of regional development.

  7. Indonesian Traditional Migrant Worker Profile Cross-border Kelurahan Sungai Raya Kecamatan Meral Kabupaten Karimun

    OpenAIRE

    Razif, M.; ", Jumiati

    2014-01-01

    Indonesia is a developing country that is characterized by the development of cities in a fast tempo, this supported with high population growth and labor force. It also increases the demands of various jobs and so on. As experienced by the Karimun lack of jobs and the low level of wages / salary earned make them choose to work as Indonesian workers. Various types of job in other state including construction workers, farm workers, etc. Therefore, the problems in this research are: 1. How Tanj...

  8. Ragam Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula pada Areca di Kebun Raya Bogor Ratu Aqila Fahriny, Agustin Wydia Gunawan

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    Ratu Aqila Fahriny

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTAreca known as the pinang tree and have benefit as a powerful medicine on men. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF are symbiotic on almost every root plants, but the diversity of AMF on rizosfer Areca is unknown. Therefore research on variety and colonies AMF on rizosfer Areca is needed. Soil samples of Areca were isolated and processed by wet sieving and decauting method. Root samples of Areca were stained by using trypan blue in lactoglycerol. There were 3 genera of AMF collected from Bogor Botanical Garden (4 species Acaulospora, 3 species Glomus, and 2 species Scutellospora which is associated with 3 species of Areca. Percentage colonies of AMF rizosfer on roots Areca was counted. Areca has an intermediate type of arbuscular.

  9. BIOLOGI REPRODUKSI BUNGA Cassine koordersii Kostermans (Celastraceae KOLEKSI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

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    D. Ardhianto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A study on flower biology of Cassine koordersii Kostermans was carried out in the Bogor Botanic Garden on April — November 2002. The plant produces flowers in umbel inflorescences that open sequentially, starting from the lowest branch of the inflorescence. There is no spatial separation between the anther and the stigma, and the dispersal of highly viable pollen takes place within the period of stigma receptivity. The flowers also show some characters of entomophily. Visitor insects are flies (ordo Diptera, family Syrphidae and Tachinidae and ants (ordo Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. In general, the morphological and phenological characteristics of the flower allow self pollination to occur successfully. Floral assessment using Cruden's Outcrossing Index showed that the flower is self-compatible.

  10. Motivasi Masyarakat Palangka Raya Dalam Pelaksanaan Tradisi Menunggu Kuburan Dalam Tinjauan Hukum Islam

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    Kusuma Kusuma

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study describe what lies behind the people of Palangkaraya carry out the tradition of waiting for the grave, the procedure of the implementation process waiting grave, awaiting a review of Islamic traditions graves in Palangkaraya. The method in this study the author uses descriptive qualitative approach. Batamat is last in the procession this tradition in which its implementation families prepare and sticky rice. In the execution authors found ethics or behavior that can not be justified performed by people who await the grave is sleeping on top of the grave. Tradition waite these graves can be said urf Saheeh because tradition is intended effort of a weak servant of Allah, to pray for the people who are in the grave so that God's mercy for the deceased, aims In order to maintain the graves to prevent theft and does not result in harm those who carry out the tradition of waiting for the tomb, While the tradition waite these graves can be said urf elements are imperfect caused harm to people waiting tombs, such as the implementation of people waiting grave so sick. Constituted with the intention that does not rely upon Allah.

  11. Ritual Hari Raya Agama: Histeria Konsumsi Massa dan Khotbah Industri Budaya

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    Triyono Lukmantoro

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of religion ritual are embodying conscience collective in society to gain sacred values. But,  ronically, in consumer society the religion ritual has been transformed to be means for excessive shopping on hysteria stage. More dramatically, television stations as motors of the culture industry to present religion spectacles use this momentum. It means that television pretends to celebrate the ritual, but in fact television only makes the largest profits.

  12. METODE PENENTUAN AWAL RAMADHAN DAN HARI RAYA MENURUT ULAMA DAYAH ACEH

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    FAISAL YAHYA YACOB

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Time difference in performing Ramadhan fasting and ‘Id prays colours the situations of Acehnese society nowadays. This difference does not only take place at national level only, such as on Islamic organisations and government, but at Acehnese Dayahreligious experts level as well. The aim this study is to seek information on thoughts of Acehnese Dayah religious experts on methods used in confirming the first day of Ramadhan and ‘Id prays, as well as their opinions on their involvement on the ithbat result conducted by the Indonesian Religious Council. In order to find the answer of the study, interviews were conducted to ten representatives of the biggest Dayahs in Aceh: Al-Aziziyyah, Al-Madinatuddiyyah, and Darussalam Labuhan Haji. The data were analysed with hisab-rukyah hadiths, together with matla’s concept with regards with to Islamic fiqh. The result revealed that Acehnese Dayah religious experts groups employed textual understanding in regards to hisab-rukyah hadiths, and they had different opinion in using hisab in order to object witness. In regard to matla’ concept, however, they approved Abu Makhramah’s Eight-Degree matla’ concept; however, they applied it differently. The majority of them had left the matla’ concept and then change tomatla’wilayahal-hukmwith a reason for general benefits; while other groups were still consistent with the matla’ theory; therefore, they often perform Ramadhan and ‘Id prays on different days from the days the government has announced.

  13. Ritual Hari Raya Agama: Histeria Konsumsi Massa Dan Khotbah Industri Budaya

    OpenAIRE

    Lukmantoro, Triyono

    2004-01-01

    The purposes of religion ritual are embodying conscience collective in society to gain sacred values. But, Â ronically, in consumer society the religion ritual has been transformed to be means for excessive shopping on hysteria stage. More dramatically, television stations as motors of the culture industry to present religion spectacles use this momentum. It means that television pretends to celebrate the ritual, but in fact television only makes the largest profits.

  14. Pengembangan Model Teaching Factory di Bengkel Otomotif SMK Karsa Mulya Palangka Raya

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    Galfri Siswandi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study is to develop an applicable Teaching factory model for practices in the automotive workshop of SMK Karsa Mulya Palangkaraya. This study used a quantitative approach. It was conducted in grade XI of Motorcycles Engineering Department at SMK Karsa Mulya Palangkaraya. It was carried out in five phases: (1 preliminary investigation, (2 design; (3 realization / construction, (4 test, evaluation and revision, (5 field testing / implementation. Data collection instruments consisted of observation sheets and assessment sheets. The results of the competency tests of 19 students were: (a Tune Up; the highest score, the lowest score and the average score were 98.82, 89.41, 95.23 respectively (b Over Haul; the highest score, the lowest score and the average score were 90.67, 82.67, 85.55 respectively (c System Starter; the highest score, the lowest score and the average score were 80.00, 77.33, 78.00 respectively. Thus it was noted that the model can be applied in the vocational workshop of Motorcycle Engineering Department at SMK Karsa Mulya Palangkaraya

  15. STRATEGI KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN TERPADU EKOWISATA DI KEBUN RAYA EKA KARYA, BEDUGUL, BALI

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    Muntadliroh Muntadliroh

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Ecotourism of Bali Botanical Garden, Bedugul, Tabanana Regency, Bali, has been able to increase the number of visitors from time to time though it is still far from the optimum level. In 2010-2011 the number of visitors at Bali Botanical Gardens was counted for 368.927 people. Based on the data, visitors interest to visit Bali Botanical Garden are still low. Facing this problem, integrated marketing communication strategy is needed.This paper discusses implementation of integrated marketing communication concept created by Philip Kotler to the market ecotourism at Bali Botanical Garden, by using case study for qualitative research.The results of this analysis show that implementing this concept made a better relationship between Bali Botanical Garden and its visitors, also increasing quantity of its visitors.

  16. PROBLEMATIKA ANAK MENJALANKAN IBADAH DALAM KELUARGA MULTI AGAMA DI KOTA PALANGKA RAYA

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    Hamdanah Hamdanah

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Problems of humans vary considerably. One major problem concerns religion. Under a normal condition, one can observe religious rites properly. Problems arise, however, when one, especially children, lives in a family whose members practice different religions. This can be seen, for example, in many families in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The decision to follow a particular religion and practice it in a multi religious family is challenging. There is a problem between the conscience to practice the religion in accordance to one’s own faith and the pressure to follow parents or foster parents who practice different religious. This article examines not only how adolescents choose their own religion but also how they practice religious rites in a multi religious families. Using qualitative-fenomenology approach, the data consitsed of ten families and were collected trough partipative observation and depth interview techniques. Findings show that adolescents have serious problems not only as to how they decide their own religion but also how they should observe their religious rituals. They felt confused, doubt, and event affraid of doing religious rites differently in such families. Findings also show that there are correlations between parents’ defferent religion and their low-motivation in religious activities and understanding religion.

  17. Birds Communities at Mangrove of Batu Ampar, Kubu Raya District, West Kalimantan Province

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    Jarwadi Budi Hernowo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Batu Ampar mangrove is an important bird habitat especially for birds which have relation to mangrove ecosystem in West Kalimantan. The research was conducted in February to March 2007, at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site. Sampling was done to get representative area for bird survey. The 19 transects were chosen as sampling site to collect bird data such as species and number of individual. Bird surveys were carried out using Reconnaissance method and index point of abundance (IPA count method. The length of each transect was approximately 500 m. The results showed that the bird community's structure dominated by insectivorous birds represented approximately 60 % of total bird's species at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site. The abundance numbers of the individual with the bird's species has relation pattern like J opposite. Percentage of dominant bird species was approximately 11%, those are such as stork billed kingfisher, white-collared kingfisher, common iora, chestnuts-rumped babbler, Strip-Tit Babbler, magpie robin, ashy tailorbird, mangrove blue flycatcher, pied fantail, mangrove whistler, Brown-throated Sunbird and Cooper-Throated Sunbird. Vertical structure of mangrove vegetation was used by birds at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site is mainly B stratum, and it used around 60% birds species. Based on dendrogram analysis there were 5 cluster birds species. The mangrove bird specialists found at sampling area were mangrove blue flycatcher and Cooper throated sunbird.

  18. PENGARUH GUIDE PERFORMANCE DAN QUALITY TOURISM SERVICE TERHADAP REVISIT INTENTION DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

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    Rian Andriani

    2016-11-01

    ABSTRACT Bogor Botanical Gardens is one of tourist destination in Bogor City, West Java, which the geographical in a strategic location between two big cities, Jakarta and Bandung. This location factor is can become an opportunity for Bogor Botanical Gardens to become a favorite tourist destination in Bogor City. Guide Performance and Quality Tourism Service is one of part of the tourism, so the researcher focus to Guide Performance and Quality Tourism Service To Revisit Intention in Bogor Botanical Gardens. In this research, the researcher used quantitative methode with descriptive verificative. The researcher used 100 respondent for a sample. In this research, the researcher used multiple linier regresion analysis with hypotesis test used determination coefficient test and F test. The classical assumption of this research is used normality test, multicollinearity test, heteroskedastisitas test and auto correlation test. In this research, the Guide Performance and Quality Tourism Service factors has an influence 33,2% of Revisit Intention in Bogor Botanical Garden. Keywords: Guide Performance, Quality Tourism Service and Revisit Intention

  19. KAJIAN EKONOMI KONSTRUKSI PERKERASAN LENTUR DAN KONSTRUKSI PERKERASAN KAKU (STUDI KASUS JALAN RAYA PKT.EBL-02 TOHPATI - KUSAMBA

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    Hevie Tri Hary Astuti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study takes the case PKT. EBL highway Tohpati – 02 – Kusamba.The purpose of this study was to conduct economic studies flexible pavement and rigid pavement based on primary data and secondary data obtained from government agencies, the analysis in this study using the methode of costs and benefits. For flexible pavement; assuming traffic growth factor of 3.66%, inflation at 5.68% and the interest rate of 15% / year, 25% / year and 30% / year, and the fluctuating value of IRI. The results obtained for the 15% interest rate per year is NPV = Rp. 98,517,603,656, -, BCR = 1.42; interest rate to 25% per year is NPV = Rp. (65,520,977,844, -, BCR = 0.96; interest rate to 30% per year is NPV = Rp. (69,846,272,752, -, BCR = 0.51, moderate IRR = 24.38%. It can be concluded that the Highway Pavement Bending PKT.EBL-02 Tohpati - Kusamba is economically feasible at the rate of 15% per year with an IRR above. For Rigid Pavement; assuming traffic growth factor of 3.66%, inflation at 5.68% and the interest rate of 15% / year, 25% / year and 30% / year, and the value of IRI stable. The results obtained for the 15% interest rate per year is NPV = Rp. 159 515 604 651, -, BCR = 2.20; interest rate to 25% per year is NPV = Rp. 2068846698, -, BCR = 1.01; interest rate to 30% per year is NPV = Rp. (65,250,533,141, -, BCR = 0.51, moderate IRR = 25.15%. It can be concluded that the Rigid Pavement on Highway-02 PKT.EBL Tohpati - Kusamba is economically feasible at the rate of 15% per annum and 25% per year with an IRR above. In the concluding remarks of the above where rigid pavement IRR greater than the flexible pavement, the results of the economic analysis of this study is that the rigid pavement is more profitable than the flexible pavement.

  20. ANALISIS DAMPAK PELAKSANAAN CAR FREE DAY DI KOTA DENPASAR Studi kasus: Jalan Raya Puputan Niti Mandala Renon

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    Ni Putu Decy Arwini

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Renon area is the center of the goverment system of Bali province. As one of the main street in Denpasar city, this street can represent the characteristics of Denpasar city which is the Car Free Day  was held in in every Sunday morning in this street, as a simple way to reduce the air pollution and noise. The calculation in this journal is road performance, air pollution and noise level for 2 condition that is in Car Free Day and in working day. From the calculation result of road performance, the capacity of the street is 4.110 pcu/hour with degree of saturation is 0,8. The level of street service is on D category where the flow is almost unstable with high volume of traffic. The traffic volume is mostly reached the capacity and delay is frequently occur in this street. The measurement process of the level of air pollution showed that from six parameter which tested were over all are still under the standard quality which is allowed as good and medium category. The Sulfur dioksida (SO2 which was measured in busy day showed the improvement about 6,78% from the measurement which is done in Car Free Day. The nitrogen dioksida showed the improvement for about 36,35% , the carbon monoksida also showed the improvement for about 366,25%, the total dust had the greatest improvement  for about  599,95% or six time greater rather than the level of total dust in Car Free Day. In the other hand, oxidantshowed the improvement for about 28,75%.The noises which occured in Car Free Day showed  the average level of dB(Ais 61,65 whereas in workdays showed 72,77 dB(A. At 07.30 until 07.45  in the morning , the maximum level of noises occurs in Car Free Day and in work day. The noises improvement which occured when the Car Free Day was held with workday is about 19,17%.

  1. THE FEASIBILITY OF VILLAGE FOREST PROGRAM IN TANJUNG AUR II VILLAGE, PINO RAYA SUBDISTRICT, SOUTH BENGKULU REGENCY

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    Desmantoro

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A feasibility study toward the prerequisite conditions is required for the successful implementation of the Village Forest program in Tanjung Aur II Village. This study aims to: 1 identify bio-geophysical conditions of the work area; 2 analyze the conditions of sosioeconomic-cultural society/institutional; 3 analyze the support of stakeholders; and 4 formulate appropriate implementation strategies. The study was using survey method and qualitative studies with multiple analysis techniques. The results showed that: 1 the biogeophysical conditions was eligible and suitable to be proposed as village forest working area; 2 conditions of socio-economic-cultural communities enable to form village forest management institution, through collaboration between state forest encroachers and the villager representatives; 3 stakeholders were ready to provide support facilitation and assistance according to their capacity and capabilities. Key stakeholder were among others BPDAS Ketahun, Dishut Provinsi Bengkulu, Dishut ESDM Bengkulu Selatan, NGOs Ulayat, and officials of the Village; 4 the implementation strategy of village forest program that suitable for Tanjung Aur II was a competitive strategy or diversification (S-T strategy, with the main priority of the strategy, among others by seeking and asking for support from relevant stakeholders or other parties who had capacity and capability to undertake facilitation and assistance.

  2. Las investigaciones sobre turismo de observación de tiburones y rayas en España

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    Raquel De la Cruz Modino

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The results of the projects “Study on Economic Benefits of Shark Diving in Canary Islands (Part I” and “Overview and Economic Impact of the Activities of Diving with Chondrichthyan in Canary Islands” haven been recently presented. Both studies were developed at the University of La Laguna (Tenerife, Spain in collaboration with the English consulting New Economics Foundation (NEF. The research included the analysis of the economic benefits related with the presence of these animals and the development of diving activities, and about the attractiveness or interest of these animals for tourism. The final document, entitled “Diving with sharks and rays in Spain: Analysis of its potential in Spain and the economic benefits of the activity in the Canary Islands” (De la Cruz Modino, Esteban et al. 2010, defended the economic value of a variety of species of cartilaginous fish from a contemplative and non-extractive perspective.

  3. VALUASI EKONOMI PEMANFAATAN HASIL HUTAN YANG TIDAK DAPAT DIPASARKAN PADA KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG TAMAN HUTAN RAYA SULTAN ADAM KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munandar Munandar

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The research identified  potential, kinds of  non marketable forest  products, and calculating  the economic value of non marketable forest products in Sultan Adam Grand Forest Park. Identifying the species  was conducted on  the sample of 100 hectares  width  by creating line plot sampling of width 20 meters  and 1000 meters length. Data  were analyzed to explain types of species, frequency, relative frequency, density and relative density. Calculating   the value of non marketable forest products was done  by  making Contingent Valuation Method (CVM survey. Amount of Willingness to Pay (WTP directly ask to the 243 respondents using questionnaire. The result of research, non marketable flora consist of  7 species of used as food ingredients, 2 types species of medicinal and tonic, a species potent to cosmetics substitution, one type of pest poison, one of handy craft. There are 8 species of birds among of them are endangered species like hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros and haruai or Kalimantan Peacock ( Argusius argus.The Large mammals such as deer (Cervus unicolor, bark deer (Muntiacus muntjak and wild boar (Sus barbatus still found in it’s footprints and be informed by local people Willingness to Pay of locally perspective was Rp.494,483,164.61 per year or Rp. 7,271.81 per hectare per year as preferences to non marketable forest products they used. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi jenis dan menghitung nilai ekonomi hasil hutan yang tidak dapat dipasarkan di Tahura Sultan Adam. Identifikasi spesies dilakukan pada sampel seluas 100 hektar dengan membuat jalur pengamatan selebar 20 meter dan panjang 1000 meter. Data yang dikumpulkan dianalisis untuk menjelaskan jenis-jenis yang ada, frekuensi, frekuensi relatif, kerapatan relatif dan  indeks nilai pentingnya. Penghitungan nilai ekonomi hasil hutan yang tidak dapat dipasarkan dilaksanakan dengan membuat survai langsung menggunakan Contingent Valuation Method (CVM. Kesediaan  membayar (WTP masyarakat ditanyakan langsung kepada243 responden menggunakan kuesioner terhadap spesies flora dan fauna yang teridentifikasi. Hasil penelitian, flora hasil hutan yang tidak dapat dipasarkan teridentifikasi sebanyak 7 spesies digunakan sebagai bahan makanan, 2 spesies untuk obat dan tonikum, satu  spesies berpotensi untuk substitusi kosmetik, satu jenis untuk racun hama, satu jenis untuk kerajinan tangan. Terdapat 8 jenis burung dua antaranya adalah  spesies langka seperti enggang (Buceros rhinoceros dan haruai atau Merak Kalimantan (Argusius argus. Mamalia besar seperti rusa (Cervus unicolor, kijang (Muntiacus muntjak dan babi hutan (Sus barbatus. Kesedian membayar total dalam perspektif masyarakat lokal  sebesar Rp.494.483.164,61 per tahun atau  Rp. 7.271,81 per hektar per tahun atas pemanfaatan hasil hutan yang tidak dapat dipasarkan sebagai representasi penghargaan atas  hasil hutan yang dinikmati

  4. Pasundan Delivery Services (PT. Wahana Bumi Raya) Business Strategy Formulation and Implementation to Create Sustain Future Competition

    OpenAIRE

    Haryanto, Iman; Wandebori, Harimukti

    2012-01-01

    Pasundan Delivery Services (PDS) is the delivery services provider using motorcycle provide solutions for visitors and Bandung citizens to effective and efficient their valuable time, run its costumer order through smartphone and social media, lucrative demand leads PDS to formulate its strategy to reach more costumers among existing competitors to win the competition in and as the leader the future. Formulation of strategic management involving small team discussion group as the management o...

  5. Applications of δ2H and δ18O to Understand the Groundwater System in the Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GebreEgziabher, Merhawi; Ayenew, Tenalem; Kebede, Seifu

    2011-01-01

    The study area is located in the northern part of Ethiopia, Horn of Africa. It is Bounded by NW Ethiopian plateau in the west and Afar rift to the east. The study area is intermountain with volcanic rock and the graben is covered with thick sediments. The average elevation for the highland is 2200 m a.s.l, where as average elevation for the central graben and eastern highland is 1600m a.s.l. Bimodal rainfall pattern is observed in the study area. The western highland is classified as humid and the central graben is semiarid climatic condition based on UNESCO, 1979. Primary data collected during the field work includes Rainfall samples, Lake Sample, Deep well samples, Hand dug well samples, and others. Systematic sampling of water for Isotopic analysis. Secondary Isotopic data is adopted from previous study Mamo, 2007. All samples were analysed by Liquid Water Isotope analyser for oxygen-18 and deuterium in the Isotope Hydrology Laboratory of Addis Ababa University.

  6. Pengaruh Social Media Marketing melalui Blackberry Messenger terhadap Minat Beli Konsumen di PT Agung Automall (Agung Toyota) Harapan Raya Pekanbaru

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Evawani Elysa; Pratama, Lian

    2016-01-01

    The rise of social media is the new media can be used as marketing at once to do consumer interaction, called social media marketing. One of the social media marketing which is now popular among business people, IE blackberry messenger. Through this application can send a message text, sound, and images for free about their business or place information and promotions offered from their products so that it formed an interest to buy from someone, with the blackberry messenger messages or infor...

  7. RANCANGAN TEMPAT DAN GEROBAK SAMPAH UNTUK PERBAIKAN SISTEM PENGUMPULAN SAMPAH DI TAMAN HUTAN RAYA (TAHURA IR. H. DJUANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catharina Badra Nawangpalupi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tahura Juanda (Tahura is a forest park located between the city of Bandung, West Bandung Regency and Regency Bandung. It has a role to preserve the city environment.  Number of visitors in Tahura made the Tahura need to have a good waste management system.  Optimal waste management system can be achieved, if garbage collection and removal equipment work well, such is the place and garbage carts. Based on observation, the condition of the premises and garbage carts are less good. Therefore, it is needed to redesign the place and garbage carts through the whole process of product development. The study was conducted by identifying the needs of the janitor, Tahura management staff, and visitors. Identifications produce seven types of trash and five types garbage carts requirements, which will be the basis in developing the concept. The process of developing the concept of trash and garbage carts done using a combination tables and SCAMPER process. All concepts are selected by screening matrix concept and assessment concepts, to pick the concept of trash and garbage cart.

  8. Pengaruh Hari Raya Galungan Pada Seasonal Adjustment IHK dan Penentuan Komoditas Utama Yang Mempengaruhi Inflasi di Provinsi Bali: Analisis ARIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Simpen Arini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Inflation is one of macroeconomic indicators that show a rise of prices in the general level of goods and services over a period of time. The research conducted by Bank Indonesia in 2003 and 2004 show that the largest component that determine the inflation was people’s expectation. One of the required information to controling inflation expectation is the prediction of future inflation and the main commodity that make a big contribution to inflation. Consumer Price Index (CPI data use to prediction of future inflation rate. Forecasting the time series data of CPI must be preceded with seasonal adjustment to reduce a seasonal component in time series data. Seasonal component which is tested in this study is Galungan (one of Balinese’s big ceremony. This is based on fact that the majority of Balinese are Hindust. Data which used in this research are Consumer Price Index (CPI, inflation rate, commodity price index, producer prices, and consumer prices. The method which used to seasonal adjusted is X-12 ARIMA and the method which used to forecast is SARIMA. Modus method and the principal component analysis are use to determine the main commodity which make an influence to Bali’s inflation. The results of this research are: (1 Galungan has unsignificant result as seasonal component to effect the Bali’s CPI, (2 The forecast for Bali’s inflation rate in 2012 is 6,23 percent, and (3 The main commodity that has a big contribution to influence the Bali’s inflation rate is rice.  

  9. Deskripsi Pola Saluran Tataniaga Pala (Myristica Fraggan Haitt) Di Kenagarian Tanjung Sani Kecamatan Tanjung Raya Kabupaten Agam

    OpenAIRE

    Analia, Devi; Fairuzi, Syofyan; Tanjung, Faidil; Pimura, Ramita Sari

    2015-01-01

    The research purpose is to describe nutmeg's marketing channel pattern and to identity of marketing instutional function that involves in marketing channel. This research was conducted in Juli – Augustus 2015. Location was chosen purposively with a reason that this district has the largest production in West Sumatra. The research method used is survey and descriptive analysis. The survey is doing by following marketing channel pattern that happen and observation activity that doing by farmer ...

  10. Pengaruh Iklan Nike Versi “Just Do IT” Di Twitter Terhadap Kesadaran Merek Pada Komunitas Futsal Gor Panam Raya Square

    OpenAIRE

    Fauzi, Hanifan; ", Suyanto

    2017-01-01

    In this era of globalization, changes occur so quickly in the economic, social, cultural. This naturally brings about changes in the needs and interests of human beings as consumers increasingly complex. Manufacturers have to change and adjust marketing strategies and product patterns according to the situation, conditions and demands of consumers today. This is clearly evident in the marketing concept which was originally only a product-oriented and sales (product concept and sales concept),...

  11. The Influence of Store Atmosphere on Purchase Decision and IT's Impact on Customer's Satisfaction (Case Study on Indomaret Customers Jl. Raya Tlogomas No. 37, Malang)

    OpenAIRE

    Diawan, Nizar Satya; Kusumawati, Andriani; Mawardi, M. Kholid

    2016-01-01

    This research objectives are to: examine the influence of Store Atmosphere on Purchase Decision, examine the influence of Store Atmosphere on Customer Satisfaction, examine the influence of Purchase Decision on Customer Satisfaction. The result of path analysis showed that: Store Atmosphere has significant influence on Purchase Decision; Store Atmosphere has significant influence on Customer Satisfaction; Purchase Decision has significant influence on Customer Satisfaction. Therefore, the Man...

  12. Effectivity Of Agroedutourism To Strengthen Healthy Agro-Ecosystem Awareness Of Students In Some Elementary Schools In Malang Raya, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanin Niswatul Fauziah

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to study the effectivity of agroedutourism to strengthen students’ environmental awareness, especially concerning on importance of rice organic farming system. Eighty three students were invited joining the program. They were the 5th grade of three elementary schools (SDN Ketawanggede 2, SDI Surya Buana and SDN Sumberngepoh 02. It was provided three agroedutourism programs, i.e. two outdoors programs (Farmers’ friends and enemies, Plants for biopesticide and natural attractant, as well as the indoor session called Healthy agroecosystem. Including the programs were joining ecoeco-games and tasting some food (steamed rice-bran brownies, organic red rice milk and zalacca fruits. Effectivity of the programs was evaluated using questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS program using Wilcoxon test (α=0,05. Results showed overall that the agroedutourism increased significantly students cognitive, affective and even their appreciation to agricultural environment. Students of SDN Sumberngepoh 02 showed a highest agro-environmental awareness. While, the highest cognitive improvement was gained by students of SDI Surya Buana (76%, followed by SDN Ketawanggede 2 (62% and SDN Sumberngepoh 02 (47%. The most interesting program was an outdoor namely Farmers’ friends and enemies, while they preferred a steamed rice-bran brownies than the other one. They were exciting joining some eco-games especially predator and prey as well as guest animal name and its role. It seemed that the outdoor programs were more appreciated rather than the indoor one. Keywords: Agroedutourism, awareness, effectivity, healthy agro-ecosystem

  13. KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS-JENIS TANAMAN KOLEKSI DI KEBUN RAYA PURWODADI, BALI DAN CIBODAS YANG DISERANG BENALU Dendrophthoe pentandra (L. Miq. (LORANTHACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaryo Sunaryo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Botanic Garden represents an ecosystem area in which parasitic plants such as mistletoes are also incorporated. Mistletoe of Dendrophthoe pentandra (L. Miq. (Loranthaceae was a parasite of various plants cultivated in Botanic Gardens of Purwodadi, Bali, and Cibodas. The mistletoe attacked 143 host species which included in 48 plant families in those three Botanic Gardens. The most attacked host plants were belong to family Moraceae, especially Ficus spp., following by members of Myrtaceae, especially Syzygium spp. The ability to become parasite of various plants species assured that mistletoe of D. pentandra did not chosen certain host plants. The parasitic study of mistletoe D. pentandra is also reported in this paper.

  14. Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Persepsi Sopir Angkot (Angkutan Kota) Jurusan K02 Pondok Gede - Terminal Bekasi Tentang Keselamatan Berkendara di Jalan Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Suroto, Suroto; Wahyuni, Ida; Mayasifa, Nabilah

    2016-01-01

    The number of accidents that occurred in the city of Bekasi during January to July 2015 there has been a 134 recorded cases of motor vehicle accidents and cars which is 65% of that occur in urban transportation. City transportation K02 Track Pondok Gede-Terminal Bekasi has the highest accident cases with 32 cases. The high incidence of accidents is because their behavior in the safety aspects of driving on the highway. Theory of planned behavior Ajzen said one factor that determines the direc...

  15. PERBANYAKAN VEGETATIF BIDARA UPAS (Merremia Mammosa (Lour.) Hallier F) KEBUN RAYA BOGOR [Vegetative Propagation of Bidara Upas ( Merremia Mammosa (Lour.) Hallier F)) at Bogor Botanical Garden

    OpenAIRE

    Cahyaningsih, Ria; Hidayat, Syamsul; Hidayat, Endang

    2017-01-01

    Bidara upas (Merremia mammosa (Lour.) Hall.f.) is a medicinal plant, , that traditionaly use by Indonesian and Malaysian people. Regarding Indonesia Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan released by The National Development Planning Agency, it is included in the extinct medicinal plant list (2003). As the center for plant conservation, Bogor botanical garden conducted vegetative propagation study on this plant by air layering, cutting, and tuber cutting. The aim to this study is to find effec...

  16. Evaluación vial y plan de rehabilitación y mantenimiento de la vía Azogues- Cojitambo- Déleg- La Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Garcés Velecela, Diana Patricia

    2017-01-01

    Contar con una infraestructura vial adecuada permite el desarrollo de cualquier región. De ahí que el mantenimiento de la infraestructura vial es importante para garantizar el buen funcionamiento de la misma. Considerando que en nuestro país durante los últimos años se ha tenido una gran inversión en proyectos viales y muchos de ellos al no tener un adecuado mantenimiento presentan daños prematuros, es necesario, por lo tanto, realizar la evaluación vial y establecer un plan de rehabilitación...

  17. Beberapa sifat fisika kimia tanah yang berpengaruh terhadap model kecepatan infiltrasi pada tegakan mahoni jabon dan trembesi di Kebun Raya Purwodadi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Sri Darmayanti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted at the Purwodadi Botanical Gardens in three areas covered by the dominant vegetation Mahoni(Swietenia macrophylla, Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba and trembesi (Samanea saman in January to May 2012. The purpose of thisstudy was to obtain a model infi ltration rate (cm/h that was infl ued by physical and chemical properties of the soil that exist under thevegetation. Physical and chemicalparameters of soil chemical properties is observed macropore (%, organic matter (%, percentage ofthe fraction silt (%, sand(%, and clay(%, and bulk density (BD (g/cm3. The six factors are thought to differ indirectly because of thespecifi cation and morphology of the dominant plant species shelter. Data infi ltration was collected by using the ring infi ltrometer, whilemacroporosity tested with metylen blue method, the properties of the other physical chemical factortested by laboratory of Departmentof Soil, Brawijaya University. The model derived from the analysis of the regression equation using SPSS software version 17.0. Thestudy produced three different models of infi ltration rate on each plot different, they were Y = - 15,8 + 17,3 X1 - 1,09 X2 + 1,53 X3 +0,001 X4 - 21,3 X6 (Mahoni's plot;Y = - 108 + 53,0 X1 - 0,68 X2 + 5,27 X3 - 0,470 X4 + 59,7 X6 (Jabon's plot; Y = - 20,1 + 17,4X1 - 1,06 X2 + 1,57 X3 + 0,082 X4 - 21,6 X6 (Trembesi's plot. Y= Infi ltration rate (cm/h, X1= macropore (%, X2= organic matter(%, percentage of the fraction silt (% (X3, sand (% (X4, and X6= bulk density (g/cm3. In the equation not found factor X5 (clayfraction helped form a model because of multicollinearity analysis obtained by assuming that the clay fraction still contains a linearrelationship (correlated with other variables.

  18. STRATEGI BERTAHAN HIDUP PEREMPUAN PENJUAL BUAH-BUAHAN (Studi Perempuan di Pasar Raya Padang Kecamatan Padang Barat Kota Padang Propinsi Sumatera Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irwan Irwan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research is inspired by women’s involvement in public sectors with limited resources and access. One of the sectors is fruit selling. Various problems in selling demands the women to find strategies to continue to meet family needs. The purpose of the study is to describe factors that push women to choose selling fruits and their strategies to overcome the problem of income for the family. The theory used is the action actor from Max Weber. This research is qualitative descriptive. Data is collected through observation, interview, and documentation. Based on the results, it can be concluded: 1. Driving factors of women choosing to sell fruits are; a economic factors; small capital is needed, b social factors and cultural heritage; the efforts of parents and their relationships with fruit growers, c seasonal characteristic of the fruits, and d educational factors; most female fruit sellers are low educated. 2. Survival strategies of the women are; a having dual income, b reducing household spending, c cooperating with fruit growers or agent, d arisan (collective saving, e changing the type of fruits sold according to the periods of the fruits, and f changing the type of goods sold.

  19. Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Pekerja Anak yang Bekerja Disektor Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Ditinjau dari UU 13 Tahun 2003 Tentang Ketenagakerjaan Jo UU 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak (Studi di Kabupaten Kubu Raya)

    OpenAIRE

    TOMMY SUNJOTO, SH, A.2021131009, Jurnal Mahasiswa S2 Hukum UNTAN

    2016-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the legal protection of child laborers working in the oil palmsector in terms of Act No. 13 of 2003 on Labor jo Law No. 23 of 2002 on theProtection of Anak.Dari study authors using sociological obtained legal researchconclusions: 1) .bahwa conditions of children working in the palm oil sector if it isassociated with article 69 paragraph 2 of Law No. 13 Year 2003 jo Law No. 23 of2002 on Child Protection, everything is not met. It means that there are deviationswere made ...

  20. The Effect of Service Delivery Performance and Corporate Social Responsibility on Institutional Image and Competitive Advantage and its Implication on Customer Trust (A Survey of Private Hospitals in Solo Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadi Purwanto

    2010-12-01

    repairs service delivery performance, physical facilities, also personnel contact performance to increase corporate social responsibility, to increase institutional image and competitive advantage to increase customer trust.

  1. DOI: 10.18697/ajfand.81.16400 13034 DETERMINANTS OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    individual dietary diversity score (IDDS) of children under five years old (6-59 months) ... Good nutrition and health are essential for child growth and development, body .... 3. 3.5. 4. 4.5. Raya Azebo. Ofla. Emba Alaje End Mohoni Raya. Alamata.

  2. Overseas Surveys (1981-1983) for Insects to Control Hydrilla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    various aquatic habitats, but no hydrilla was found. Because of the Hari Raya holidays, most hotels were booked and almost a quarter of the total of 1,400...assistant. Mr. Ho spent most of morn- ing telephoning people in Malaysian Agriculture and Irrigation Departments. Because of holidays (Harl Raya ) that

  3. Identifikasi Keragaman Genetik Dengan Karakter Morfologi Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk Nangka Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugraha Banu Safitri

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Nangka Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk. Merupakan buah yang sudah lama dikenal namun belum banyak penelitian tentang nangka.  Kalimantan  Barat  merupakan  provinsi yang kaya plasma  nutfah baik  tanaman  hutan,  perkebunan dan tanaman pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan  untuk  mengetahui  keragaman  genetik dengan karakter morfologi dan untuk mengetahui  nilai  similaritas jarak antar aksesi  keragaman nangka di Kalimantan Barat.  Metode yang digunakan  adalah metode observasi pengambilan sampel menggunakan  purposive sampling. Identifikasi morfologi menggunakan data kuantitatif dan data kualitatif dengan passport data IPGRI diubah menjadi data numerik. Hasil identifikasi keragaman morfologi pada nangka diperoleh tiga kelompok besar dalam skala 20 analisis cluster menggunakan software SPSS versi 22. Hasil pengelompokan pertama Kubu Raya02 dan Pontianak01; kelompok kedua Sambas01,Singkawang02, Sambas02, Kubu Raya05, Kubu Raya01 dan Singkawang01; kelompok ketiga terdiri Pontianak02, Kuburaya04 dan  Kubu Raya03. Hasil analisis similaritas menunjukkan bahwa memiliki nilai koefisien similaritas tertinggi pasangan Kubu Raya02 dengan Kubu Raya02 dan nilai koefisien terendah pada pasangan Kubu Raya04 dengan Pontianak02. Dengan identifikasi kelompok dapat merancang dan merencanakan pemuliaan tanaman dengan metode persilangan konfensional maupun menggunakan rekayasa genetika. Pemetaan menggunakan analisis cluster memberikan peran penting untuk memperbaiki sifat-sifat tanaman yang dikehendaki.Kata kunci: Artocarpus heterophyllus. Lamk, Genetik, Identifikasi, Kalimantan Barat, Keragaman, Morfologi, Nangka, Pengelompokan.

  4. By-catch composition of the Patagonian scallop fishery: the fishes Composición de la captura incidental en la pesquería de vieira patagónica: los peces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Schejter

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available An inventory of 24 fish species incidentally caught by the Patagonian scallop fleet in the SW Atlantic Ocean is provided for the first time. The most frequent species were Psammobatis spp. (81.4%, Bathyraja brachyurops (75.1%, B. macloviana (73.5%, Patagonotothen ramsayi (66.1%, Merluccius hubbsi (53.7% and B. albomaculata (50.3%. Many of the recorded chondrichthyes are considered vulnerable or endangered species. The number of taxa (fishes + invertebrates that conforms the by-catch of the fishery was increased and updated to nearly 200 species.Este estudio presenta por primera vez un inventario con 24 especies de peces registradas en la captura incidental de la pesca de la vieira patagónica en el Océano Atlántico sudoccidental por la flota pesquera comercial. Las especies más frecuentes fueron Psammobatis spp. (81,4%, Bathyraja brachyurops (75,1%, B. macloviana (73,5%, Patagonotothen ramsayi (66,1%, Merluccius hubbsi (53,7% y B. albomaculata (50,3%. Muchos de los condrictios registrados se encuentran actualmente considerados como especies vulnerables o en peligro. El número de taxa (peces + invertebrados que conforman la captura incidental de esta pesquería se incrementó y actualizó con estos resultados a aproximadamente 200 especies.

  5. Leveraging Emerging Technologies in Southern Thailand

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Valentine, Albert R

    2005-01-01

    .... This thesis examines the history of southern Thailand, including the political factors behind the Malay-Muslim rebellions of the past, the roots of this rebellion back to the era of Patani Raya...

  6. PENILAIAN PROPERTI DI SURABAYA PADA PERUMAHAN PAKUWON INDAH GRAHA FAMILI DAN CITRARAYA (Studi Kasus pada ERA Tjandra II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Njo Anastasia

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In the same area, the land price had variation caused land characteristics. That is internal factor (lot size, frontage, wide of road, and facing and factor external (economic, politic, and social. This research discusses the market value of property in Pakuwon Indah, Graha Famili, and CitraRaya housing estates with regression model to reduce valuer subjectivity based on internal factor. The result showed at Pakuwon Indah, wide of road influenced the market value of land. At Graha Famili and CitraRaya, market value of land influenced by the lot size and wide of road. The market value of housing at CitraRaya influenced by size of building, number of bedroom, facing to the west and to the east, marble floor quality, and story of building. The other result showed that difference market value indication and listing price at Pakuwon Indah and Graha Famili about 11%-12%, but at CitraRaya the difference is 1%.. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dalam kawasan yang sama, harga tanah dapat bervariasi disebabkan karakteristik tanah tersebut yaitu faktor internal (luas tanah, frontage, lebar jalan, dan arah hadap dan faktor eksternal (kondisi ekonomi, politik dan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari indikasi nilai pasar properti di perumahan Pakuwon Indah, Graha Famili, dan CitraRaya dengan model regresi untuk mengurangi subyektifitas penilai berdasarkan faktor internal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan di Pakuwon Indah, lebar jalan mempengaruhi nilai tanah. Di Graha Famili dan CitraRaya nilai tanah dipengaruhi oleh luas tanah dan lebar jalan. Sedangkan untuk nilai rumah di CitraRaya dipengaruhi oleh luas bangunan, jumlah kamar tidur, hadap rumah ke Barat dan Timur, kualitas lantai marmer, dan tingkat bangunan. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan adanya perbedaan 11%-12% antara indikasi nilai pasar dengan harga listing untuk tanah di Pakuwon Indah dan Graha Famili, sedangkan untuk rumah di CitraRaya terjadi perbedaaan sekitar 1%. Kata kunci: faktor internal

  7. Peramalan Penjualan Buah di Moena Fresh Bali dengan Menggunakan Model Variasi Kalender

    OpenAIRE

    Ermayanthi, Ni Made Dwi; Agus, Dwiatmono; Suhartono, Suhartono

    2012-01-01

    Bali adalah salah satu pulau dengan mayoritas pen-duduk beragama Hindu, terkenal dengan ritual dan prosesi upa-cara keagamaan yang dilakukan setiap hari raya (rahinan). Pe-rayaan hari raya dilakukan dengan membuat sesajen yaitu beru-pa Banten gebogan yang terdiri atas rangkaian masakan dan bu-ah-buahan. Penelitian ini membahas efek variasi kalender Saka dan Pawukon terhadap penjualan (retail) Apel Washington dan Jeruk Kintamani di Bali sebagai salah satu komoditas penting da-lam ritual masyar...

  8. Analisis Beberapa Faktor Pengemudi yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Kecelakaan Lalu Lintas di Provinsi Sumatera Utara Tahun 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Taufiq, Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    Dalam waktu yang relatif singkat jumlah kendaraan bermotor terus bertambah, sedangkan prasarana jalan bagi kendaraan dan pembangunannya masih agak sedikit melambat. Karena jalan raya adalah salah satu sarana transortasi darat, disamping sarana transportasi lainnya. Jalan raya juga merupakan salah satu bagian terpenting dalam mendukung dan memperlancar laju pertumbuhan ekonomi di suatu daerah. Data Direktorat Lalu Lintas (Ditlantas) Mabes Polri menyatakan setiap hari, puluhan nyawa nyawa ...

  9. PERAMALAN BEBAN JANGKA PENDEK PADA HARI LIBUR DI BALI MENGGUNAKAN METODE GENERALIZED REGRESSION NEURAL NETWORK (GRNN)

    OpenAIRE

    Juniar Doan Wihardono; Agus Dharma; I Made Mataram

    2016-01-01

    Peramalan beban merupakan suatu kegiatan untuk memperkirakan kondisi beban pada hari yang akan datang. Kondisi beban pada saat hari libur merupakan suatu fenomena yang sangat menarik untuk diketahui. Fenomena ini terjadi di Bali yaitu pada saat hari Raya Nyepi. Karena, kondisi beban pada hari Raya Nyepi akan mengalami penurunan yang sangat drastis. Kondisi tersebut perlu diketahui agar operasi sistem tenaga listrik dapat berjalan secara optimal. Metode peramalan beban pada penelitian ini meng...

  10. ASUPAN SUPLEMEN BUKAN DETERMINAN KEJADIAN STUNTING ANAK BALITA (1-3 TAHUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didik Hariyadi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Supplement Intake Not Determinants Stunting Events Children (1-3 Years. This study aims relationship supplement intake with the incidence of stunting among Children aged 1-3 years who live in urban areas Kubu Raya. An observational study with the cross-sectional design. The research was conducted in Kubu Raya in August to November 2014. Measurement of nutritional status using indicators PB/U. Supplement intake asked to interview. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test.The results showed the percentage of stunting in Children aged 1-3 years in the amount of 39.51%.The most consumed form of supplements which are of the type syrup as much as 34.6% of 82.7% respondents toddler supplements. No significant relationship exists between supplement intake with the incidence of stunting in Children aged 1-3 years in the urban area of Kubu Raya. Abstrak: Asupan Suplemen Bukan Determinan Kejadian Stunting Anak balita (1-3 Tahun. Penelitian ini bertujuan hubungan asupan suplemen dengan kejadian stunting pada anak balita usia 1-3 tahun yang tinggal di daerah urbanKubu Raya. Penelitian ini bersifat observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Kubu Raya pada bulan Agustus sampai November 2014. Pengukuran status gizi menggunakan indikator PB/U. Asupan suplemen ditanyakan dengan wawancara. Analisis statistik dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji Chi square.Hasil penelitian menunjukan persentase kejadian stunting pada balita umur 1-3 tahun yaitu sebesar 39,51%. Sebanyak 82.7% balita responden mengonsumsi suplemen, dengan bentuk suplemen yang terbanyak dikonsumsi adalah dari jenis sirup sebanyak 34.6%.Tidak ada hubungan yang bemakna antara asupan suplemen dengan kejadian stunting pada balita umur 1-3 tahun di daerah urban Kubu Raya.

  11. JCSC_128_6_941_950_SI_a.docx

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    bray

    Effect of Isotacticity of Linear Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) on its Gelation in Benzyl Alcohol. CHANDRA SEKHAR BISWAS,a,# KHEYANATH MITRA,a SHIKHA SINGH,a DINESH K PATEL,b BISWAJIT MAITI,a PRALAY MAITIb and BISWAJIT RAYa*. a Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, ...

  12. Propiedades de las ondas atmosféricas de gravedad deducidas de la emisión en 557,7 nm

    OpenAIRE

    Molina Cuevas, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    La raya verde de la luminiscencia atmosférica se utiliza para la determinación de las ondas de gravedad en la zona 90-100 km y de forma especial la capacidad de mezcla de los compuestos debido a las ondas de gravedad

  13. Enzymatic degradation behavior of nanoclay reinforcedbiodegradable PLA/PBSA blend composites

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Malwela, T

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Journal of Biological Macromolecules Vol. 77, 131-142 Enzymatic degradation behavior of nanoclay reinforcedbiodegradable PLA/PBSA blend composites Thomas Malwelaa,b, Suprakas Sinha Raya,b,∗ aDST/CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured Materials...

  14. Pengaruh Persepsi Tentang Sertifikasi Guru, Strategi Penyelesaian Konflik, dan Motivasi Kerja terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Guru SMKN

    OpenAIRE

    Atmadji Sutikno, Tri

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh persepsi tentang sertifikasi guru, strategi penyelesaian konflik, motivasi kerja, terhadap produktivitas kerja. Populasi penelitian adalah guru-guru SMKN Malang Raya sedangkan sampel (278 guru) diambil secara acak. Data dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif dan korelasional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) persepsi tentang sertifikasi guru, strategi penyelesaian konflik, motivasi kerja dalam kategori tinggi, dan produktivitas...

  15. Miscellaneous information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1956-01-01

    Akademi Biologi, Bogor. The Indonesian Government is anxious to develop training in biology; the failure of the University of Bandung Faculty to achieve this (due to shortage in staff personnel) has necessitated making temporary use of the personnel of the Kebun Raya Indonesia towards this goal.

  16. Tinjauan Hukum Tentang Tanggungjawab Perusahaan Jasa Muatan Dalam Proses Angkutan Barang Melalui Darat (Studi Pada Pt. Komol Transport).

    OpenAIRE

    Hamdani, Fikri

    2016-01-01

    Peranan transportasi sangat penting dalam penyelanggaraan pengangkutan barang, khususnya transportasi angkutan jalan raya(darat), peranan pengangkutan tersebut bersifat mutlak untuk mempelancar arus perdagangan. Dalam objek perjanjian pengangkutan itu dimulai pada saat diserahkannya barang tersebut kepada pengangkut, maka penguasaan dan pengawasan atas barang tersebut ditanggung pengangkut. Namun dalam penyelenggaraan pengangkutan barang melalui darat atau kendaraan bermotor tidak selaman...

  17. REVIEW (AND PERSONAL REFLECTIONS ON THE BOOK: Immigration and active citizenship. Contributions concerning participatory governance and social inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Alberich

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Reseña (y reflexiones personales sobre el libro: Inmigración y ciudadanía activa. Contribuciones sobre gobernanza participativa e inclusión social. Coordinado por Enrique Raya, Angeles Espadas y Mourad Aboussi. Icaria Editorial, 2013. 

  18. Salapärased Iraani naised / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2003-01-01

    Artikli autor kohtus Saksamaal Mannheim-Heidelbergi filmifestivalil iraani režissööri Nasser Refaie ja tema abikasa, näitleja Raya Nasiriga. Režissööri film "Eksam" pälvis ühe žürii auhindadest

  19. The Implementation of Special Autonomy in West Papua, Indonesia: Problems and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    however, that, on formal occasions, the Indonesian national flag, the Red and White, and the national anthem, Indonesia Raya , should be performed before...according to some ultra-nationalist elements in Jakarta, is a starting point toward West Papuan independent. Hari Sabarno, the minister of internal

  20. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Dynamics and Structures of Terrorist Threats in Southeast Asia, Held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    lieutenant Fadillah Haris , who was killed in October 2001. Malaysian authorities detained Jibril on 30 June 2001 and deported him to Indonesia in the...northern Kedah, were all part of what was known as Patani Raya (Greater Patani175), a domain of the earlier Sultanate of Patani, which was itself

  1. Field Artillery Cannon Weapons Systems and Ammunition Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    storage box • 12--Fire control quadrant M14 25-Section chest.:- 13--Elevating hari ,,heel 26--Box trail as• *ibly • Figure 4-1. M102, rear view.1 h...Amniwnition shouldl tann upi~S be stored in a dry place atid shouldi be protectedtringppts. frora the direct raya of the sun by ta puffiina or b

  2. An ethnobotanical survey of plants of veterinary importance in two ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of the survey was to document and analyze information on the traditional use of medicinal plants by farmers in Ofla and Raya-Azebo woredas of South Tigray Zone for the treatment and prevention of livestock ailments. Data were collected mainly through interviews carried out with randomly selected farmers of ...

  3. Marketing system analysis of vegetables and fruits in Amhara ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study attempted to analyze the different aspects of marketing system of vegetable and fruit in Raya Kobo and Harbu woredas, Amhara regional state using different indicators. Probit estimation for determinant of participation probability in vegetable and fruit production and OLS estimation technique were also applied for ...

  4. Distribusi Syzygium cumini (L Skeels di Aceh Besar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afridah Afridah Rosannah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The jamblang distribution has been studied in the southern part of  Aceh Besara, which is in the South of Jhanto district, Northern Krueng Raya, Southern Masjid Raya and Ujung Pancu district. The aims ofthis study was to determine the distribution area of jamblang based on rainfall, soil type, and lands cover . The data were collectedby observation. Distribution data are presented in the  form of map using ArcView 3.3 Software. The results of the analysis showed that the common jamblang was distributedin the rainfall region of 1500-2500 mm/year in dryland farming and the chromic luvisols, humic acricols, dystric fluvisols, dan rendzinas.

  5. Islam in Diaspora: Shari’a Law, Piety and Brotherhood at al-Farooq Mosque, Atlanta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Abdun Nasir

    2016-06-01

    [Tulisan ini mengkaji praktik ritual shalat hari raya (Eid di masjid al-Farooq Atlanta, Amerika Serikat pada kalangan muslim perantauan dari berbagai belahan dunia. Kajian ini, dengan menggunakan pendekatan tektual dan etnografi, mengamati penerapan hukum Islam dalam hal peribadatan dan pemaknaan serta pengalaman ritual diantara mereka. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa shalat hari raya memberi makna dan pengalaman khusus. Perayaan ini dilihat sebagai medium untuk menunjukkan kesalehan dan menguatkan ikatan persaudaraan sesama muslim meskipun mempunyai latar belakang etnik dan budaya yang berbeda. Meskipun demikian, inti dari ritual tersebut menunjukkan aliran mazhab Hanafi. Pelaksanaan fiqih dalam sholat Eid tetap berpegang pada Qur’an dan Hadits. Dengan kata lain, konteks geografi dan budaya yang berbeda telah membentuk makna baru namun tetap tidak merubah inti dari praktik ibadah yang bermazhab Hanafi.

  6. Societal acceptance of carbon capture and storage technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alphen, Klaas van; Voorst tot Voorst, Quirine van; Hekkert, Marko P.; Smits, Ruud E.H.M.

    2007-01-01

    For the actual implementation of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, societal support is a crucial precondition. This paper describes an extensive study on the acceptance of CCS by stakeholders in the Netherlands and explores one of the determining factors in the acceptance of CCS by the lay public, i.e. the way the Dutch press perceives and portrays CCS. The stakeholder analysis shows that there is a positive attitude towards CCS by industry, government, and environmental NGOs, provided that the conditions they pose on the deployment of CCS are met. The content analysis of Dutch news articles conveys that the media portrayal of CCS is-to a certain extent-a balanced reflection of the way CCS is perceived by the stakeholders. Both analyses show that the concerns about CCS have not overshadowed the main promise that CCS is part of the solution to climate change. However, the current negative aspects of CCS as raised by different stakeholders and the media will remain if no action is taken. Therefore, the conditions posed on the use of CCS, as well as the actions required to meet these conditions, could function as a proxy for the 'societal voice', articulating the most important issues concerning the future acceptance of CCS technology

  7. 75 FR 15679 - Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews and Request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... S.A. India: Certain Preserved Mushrooms, A-533-813 2/1/09-1/31/10 Agro Dutch Foods Limited (Agro.../09-1/31/10 Indonesia: Certain Preserved Mushrooms, A-560-802 2/1/09-1/31/10 PT Eka Timur Raya (ETIRA... of China: Certain Preserved Mushrooms,\\6\\ A-570-851....... 2/1/09-1/31/10 Ayecue (Liaocheng...

  8. Food Photography dan Eating Out di Media Sosial Instagram

    OpenAIRE

    Nisak, Khoirun; Hariyanto, Didik

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze influence of food photography towards eating out Sidoarjo community in instagram media. Data collection was done by using questionnaire to the respondents who visited the cafe/restaurant Mie akhirat, Kedai Kopi Medan, Wong Solo, dan Dapur M’riah that was located on Jalan Raya Ponti Gelanggang Olahraga Sidoarjo. Samples were taken through random sampling technique with total sample of 100 respondents. The result of this quantitative research showed that there was in...

  9. A Comparative Study of Costumes for Religious Festivals in ASEAN Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Jaruphan Supprung

    2014-01-01

    Aims of this research were to study the major religious festivals of merit making and joyful celebrations (nationwide) in each country of ASEAN countries and to compare the costumes for these major religious festivals among these countries. This documentary research employed qualitative research methodology. The findings of the research disclosed that there are 28 main religious festivals in ASEAN countries: 3 Islamic festivals in Brunei Darussalam such as Hari Raya Aidiladha Festival, Maulud...

  10. Analysis the Influence of Marketing Mix and After Sales Service Towards Purchase Decision on Toyota Yaris at PT. Agung Automall Duri.

    OpenAIRE

    ibrahim, Restu; Setiawan, Heru Putra

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze the influence of the marketing mix which consisting of Price, Product, Promotion and After sales service towards purchase decision on Toyota Yaris at PT. Agung Automall Duri located on jl.Raya Dumai Km thriteen, number four Duri. The population in this study are the consumers who bought Toyota Yatis car at PT. Agung Automall in year two thousand eleven. The research conducted by using census method with members of thirty seven respondents. Data analyze using multip...

  11. Substitution of Soybean Meal and Cornmeal to Moisture, PH, Bacterial Colony Forming and Shelf Life of Rejected Duck Meatballs

    OpenAIRE

    Deni, Novia; Juliyarsi, Indri; Melia, S; Vermalida, W.A

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the effect of substitution of soybean meal with cornmeal to moisture, pH, bacterial colony forming and the shelf life of rejected duck meatballs. This research material using duck meat Coast (Indian Runner) salvage as much as 4000 grams were obtained from the Livestock Anduring Padang and soybean meal with Mungbean trademarks and cornmeal with cornstarch trademarks respectively of 600 grams were obtained at Raya Padang market. The research method used was experim...

  12. THE BOOK OF STRENGTHS: ICONOGRAPHIC SOURCE FOR THE STUDY OF THE LUSO-CASTELHANA FRONTIER QUINHENTIST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EDISON BISSO CRUXEN

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se propone presentar el tratado de fortificaciones "Livro das Fortalezas”, producido por el escudero real Duarte D’Armas para el rey de Portugal, D. Manuel "o Venturoso", como un documento histórico iconográfico de importancia relevante para el estudio y constituición de representaciones relacionadas a el paisaje, la arquitectura y la vida cotidiana en la raya luso-castellana de principios del siglo XVI.

  13. Pemanfaatan Limbah Batu Marmer Sebagai Pengganti Agregat Kasar Pada Campuran Aspal Beton Terhadap Karakteristik Marshall

    OpenAIRE

    Syaiful Amal, Andi; Saleh, Chairil

    2015-01-01

    PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH BATU MARMER SEBAGAI PENGGANTI AGREGAT KASAR PADA CAMPURAN ASPAL BETON TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK MARSHALLThe Implementation Of Stone Marble Waste For Changer The Aggregate Rough To Mix Aplhalt Concrete Characteristics Of MarshalAndi Syaiful Amal1 & Chairil Saleh21,2Jurusan Teknik Sipil – Fakultas Teknik Univ. Muhammadiyah MalangAlamat Korespondensi : Jl. Raya Tlogomas No. 246 Malang 65144Email : The waste of marble stone is waste produced when manu...

  14. Hubungan Beberapa Faktor Sosial Ekonomi Dengan Sikap Petani Cabai Merah Terhadap Teknologi Pembuatan Pupuk Bokashi.

    OpenAIRE

    Samosir, Lenny Dinamaria

    2011-01-01

    Pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini dilakukan secara kelompok atas dasar kelompok petani peserta pelatihan pembuatan pupuk bokashi dan nonpeserta pelatihan pembuatan pupuk bokashi yang diusahan pada lahan cabai sebanyak 22 sampel. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa: 1. Sikap petani cabai terhadap teknologi pembuatan bokashi di Desa Sondi Raya adalah positif yaitu dari 22 orang petani cabai, 13 orang (59,09 %) memiliki sikap positif dan 9 orang (40,91 %) mem...

  15. KOMUNIKASI ANTAR ETNIK TIONGHOA DENGAN PRIBUMI DALAM HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN INTEGRASI BANGSA PASCA ORDE BARU DI MAKASSAR

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanny Maria Fatimah, dkk

    2007-01-01

    The result shows that relationship between Tionghoa and Makassar ethnics strated with the relation in history, diplomatic, working agreement and business contact among them. The ethnic of Tionghoa in Makassar sticks to their cultural values such as celebrating of Hari Raya Imle, using of their own language as the Indentity symbol of the ethnic, building of business network, and having their friends and relatives live in their ethnical atmosphere. Such habitat environment constructs their inte...

  16. PENGOLAHAN BUAH DAN BIJI RAMBUTAN SEBAGAI MAKANAN TRADISIONAL KOKTAIL, MANISAN, EMPING BIJI RAMBUTAN DAN OBAT HERBAL YANG BERKHASIAT

    OpenAIRE

    Nuni Widiarti; Sri Wahyuni; F Widhi Mahatmanti

    2013-01-01

    Kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat berupa penyuluhan Pengolahan Buah Dan Biji Rambutan Sebagai Makanan Tradisional Koktail, Manisan, Emping Biji Rambutan Dan Obat Herbal Yang Berkhasiat bertujuan untuk memberikan pengetahuan kepada masyarakat khususnya ibu-ibu PKK dukuh kanggan Desa Wringinputih terhadap manfaat rambutan, dan biji rambutan terhadap kesehatan beserta bagaimana meningkatkan nilai jual rambutan dan biji rambutan pada saat panen raya. Khalayak sasaran dalam pengabdian masyarak...

  17. Hubungan Kecerdasan Emosional dan Kemampuan Menyelesaikan Masalah Matematika Siswa di SMP Bumi Khatulistiwa

    OpenAIRE

    Rospitasari, Murni

    2017-01-01

    This reseach aimed to know the correlation among emotional intelligence and the ability of mathematics problem solving of the ninth grade students of SMP Bumi Khatulistiwa Sungai Raya. The method that used un this reseach was a quatitative descriptive with Ex Post Facto form. The subject of this research were the ninth grade students class B that consist of 13 student. Data collection techniques in this research was a measurement technique in the form of essay and the scale of emotional inte...

  18. STRATEGY OF PROMOTING LIBRARIAN’S PERFORMANCE IN CREATING USER’S SATISFACTION IN NATIONAL LIBRARY OF INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Masykuri, Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this research is to determine the influence of the corporate culture, employee empowerment,  librarianship training and work ethics towards employee performance (case study in National Library of Indonesia) Jl. Salemba Raya 28 A Jakarta, UPT Bung Karno Library in Blitar, and UPT Bung Hatta Library in Bukit Tinggi. The research approach is using quantitave method with path analysis. Sampling techniques is simple random sampling with a representative sample of 124 libraria...

  19. Pengenalan Doa-doa Pendek Melalui Video Animasi Untuk Anak Usia 3-4 Tahun

    OpenAIRE

    Muriana,; Marmawi R; Sutarmanto

    2017-01-01

    Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian tindakan kelas. Sedangkan media yang digunakan adalah video animasi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengenalan doa-doa pendek melalui vodeo animasi untuk anak usia 3-4 tahun. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah anak yang berjumlah 10 orang, yang terdiri 3 anak laki-laki dan 7 anak perempuan. Lokasi penelitian ini adalah TPA Taman Pena Kabupaten Kubu Raya. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan dan hasil analisis data, maka secara ...

  20. The Future of Indonesia as a Unitary State: Separatism and Decentralization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-09-01

    evident in GOI positions on negotiations with GAM representatives. On 4 January 2002 the minister of home affairs, retired general Hari Sabarno...that the civilian authorities have not been able to end the violence in the province. Minister of Home Affairs Hari Sabarno, a retired three-star...not actually proclaim independence; Peter King, “Morning Star Rising? Indonesia Raya and the New Papuan Nationalism,” Indonesia, No. 73 (April 2002

  1. PENDEKATAN COOPERATIVE LEARNING DENGAN STRATEGI GAMES COMPETITION SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka jaya puta utama

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana penggunaan pendekatan Cooperative Learning dengan Strategi  Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa pada Mata Pelajaran IPS Terpadu Materi Sejarah kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya?. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas.  Subyek dalam Penelitian Tindakan Kelas ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah angket, panduan observasi, panduan wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data dalam penellitian ini adalah Analisis hasil penelitian digambarkan dengan cara menggunakan triangulasi data. Indikator keberhasilan didasarkan dari kisi-kisi pengamatan aktivitas siswa yang meliputi :1 semangat siswa untuk mengikuti pembelajaran, 2 keaktifan dalam  menyelesaikan tugas  membuat pertanyaan dan jawaban, 3 keaktifan dalam menjawab pertanyaan, 4 keaktifan dalam menanggapi atas pertanyaan dari kelompok lain, 5 kerjasama dalam kelompok dalam menyelesaikan tugas berkompetisi dengan kelompok lain.Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa Pembelajaran IPS menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa kela VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya, yaitu peningkatan aktifitas belajar siswa secara klasikal yaitu pada siklus I sebesar 65 % dan pada Siklus II sebesar 85 %, hal ini berarti ada peningkatan sebesar 20%. Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat memberikan kesempatan kepada siswa untuk aktif dalam mengungkapkan pendapat, menghargai pendapat orang lain,berani bertanya, menanggapi, belajar berkompetisi secara jujur, serta mampu menumbuhkan rasa solidaritas siswa.

  2. Factors Which Influence The Fish Purchasing Decision: A study on Traditional Market in Riau Mainland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siswati, Latifa; Putri, Asgami

    2018-05-01

    The purposes of the research are to analyze and assess the factors which influence fish purchasing by the community at Tenayan Raya district Pekanbaru.Research methodology which used is survey method, especially interview and observation technique or direct supervision on the market which located at Tenayan Raya district. Determination technique of sampling location/region is done by purposive sampling. The sampling method is done by accidental sampling. Technique analysis of factors which used using the data that derived from the respondent opinion to various fish variable. The result of this research are the factors which influence fish purchasing decision done in a traditional market which located at Tenayan Raya district are product factor, price factors, social factor and individual factor. Product factor which influences fish purchasing decision as follows: the eyelets condition, the nutrition of fresh fish, the diversity of sold fish. Price factors influence the fish purchasing decision, such as: the price of fresh fish, the convincing price and the suitability price and benefits of the fresh fish. Individual factors which influence a fish purchasing decision, such as education and income levels. Social factors which influence a fish purchasing decision, such as family, colleagues and feeding habits of fish.

  3. PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONALITAS BERKELANJUTAN GURU BERSERTIFIKAT PENDIDIK DI SMK RUMPUN TEKNOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujianto Sujianto

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Continuous development of certified teachers in vocational high school tech­no­logy clump. The purpose of this study is to describe the continuing professionality deve­lop­ment of teachers certifiedcertified teachers through investments investing in self-development educators, scientific publications, and innovative work wetherboth independently, in groups, or insti­tutionalizedinsti­tutionally. This research uses a descriptive quantitative study design study, with and  a the research subjects are who is certified vocational teachers educators asin Malang Raya. The Research research instruments used in this study are questionnaires and interview guides. The results of this study indi­cate that continuing professionality development of certified teachers certified in vocational educators high school clumps technology clump is still relatively low, most teachers only are categorized in the categories category of sometimes doing self-development investments, scientific publications, and innovative works. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan pengembangan profesionalitas berkelanjutan guru bersertifikat pendidik melalui investasi pengembangan diri, publi­kasi ilmiah, dan karya inovatif baik secara mandiri, berkelompok, atau melembaga. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif, dengan subjek penelitian guru kejuruan bersertifikat pendidik se-Malang Raya. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan angket dan pedoman wawancara. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan profesionalitas berkelanjutan guru berser­tifikat pendidik di SMK rumpun teknologi se-Malang Raya masih tergolong rendah, sebagian besar guru hanya kadang-kadang me­lakukan investasi pengembangan diri, publikasi ilmiah, dan membuat karya inovatif.

  4. HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSENTRASI KARBON MONOKSIDA (CO DAN SUHU UDARA TERHADAP INTERVENSI ANTHROPOGENIK (STUDI KASUS NYEPI TAHUN 2015 DI PROVINSI BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kharisma Aprilina

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui perbedaan hubungan antara konsentrasi karbon monoksida (CO dan suhu udara pada saat Perayaan Hari Raya Nyepi tahun 2015 di Provinsi Bali (tanpa intervensi anthropogenik dan pada hari-hari biasa di luar Hari Raya Nyepi (dengan intervensi anthropogenik. Penelitian dilakukan dengan melakukan pengukuran konsentrasi CO dan suhu udara di tiga titik pengukuran yaitu Denpasar, Singaraja, dan Bedugul antara tanggal 17-25 Maret 2015, dimana hari Raya Nyepi dirayakan pada tanggal 21 Maret 2015. Pengukuran gas CO dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat pengukur konsentrasi polutan yang dinamakan Multi Gas Sensync dan pengukuran suhu udara dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat Portable Weather Station (PWS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan antara konsentrasi CO dan suhu diDenpasar, Bedugul dan Singaraja pada saat hari Raya Nyepi menunjukkan adanya hubungan linier yang positifyang berarti antara konsentrasi CO dan suhu udara terjadi pengaruh yang saling menguatkan yaitu apabila terjadi peningkatansuhu udaramaka konsentrasi CO juga akan meningkat dan sebaliknya, sedangkan pada hari-hari di luar hari raya Nyepi hubungan antara keduanya terlihat tidak konsisten yang diduga karena adanya pengaruh dari faktor lain terutama yang disebabkan oleh aktivitas manusia (faktor anthropogenik. This study was conducted to determine the differences of carbon monoxide (CO concentration and air temperature relation during the celebration of Nyepi Day 2015 (without anthropogenic intervention in Bali Province and the days outside Nyepi Day (with anthropogenic intervention. The study was conducted by measuring the CO concentration and air temperature at the three measuring points those were Denpasar, Singaraja, and Bedugul, from 17 to 25 March 2015 which Nyepi Day was celebrated on March 21, 2015.CO measurement was performed using pollutant concentration measuring tool called Multi Gas Sensync and air temperature measurement was performed

  5. Biogeographic patterns in the cartilaginous fauna (Pisces: Elasmobranchii and Holocephali in the southeast Pacific Ocean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bustamante

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The abundance and species richness of the cartilaginous fish community of the continental shelf and slope off central Chile is described, based on fishery-independent trawl tows made in 2006 and 2007. A total of 194,705 specimens comprising 20 species (9 sharks, 10 skates, 1 chimaera were caught at depths of 100–500 m along a 1,000 km transect between 29.5°S and 39°S. Sample site locations were grouped to represent eight geographical zones within this latitudinal range. Species richness fluctuated from 1 to 6 species per zone. There was no significant latitudinal trend for sharks, but skates showed an increased species richness with latitude. Standardised catch per unit effort (CPUE increased with increasing depth for sharks, but not for skates, but the observed trend for increasing CPUE with latitude was not significant for either sharks or skates. A change in community composition occurred along the depth gradient with the skates, Psammobatis rudis, Zearaja chilensis and Dipturus trachyderma dominating communities between 100 and 300 m, but small-sized, deep-water dogfishes, such as Centroscyllium spp. dominated the catch between 300 and 500 m. Cluster and ordination analysis identified one widespread assemblage, grouping 58% of sites, and three shallow-water assemblages. Assemblages with low diversity (coldspots coincided with highly productive fishing grounds for demersal crustaceans and bony fishes. The community distribution suggested that the differences between assemblages may be due to compensatory changes in mesopredator species abundance, as a consequence of continuous and unselective species removal. Distribution patterns and the quantitative assessment of sharks, skates and chimaeras presented here complement extant biogeographic knowledge and further the understanding of deep-water ecosystem dynamics in relation to fishing activity in the south-east Pacific Ocean.

  6. KEMUNCULAN DAN TINGKAH LAKU PESUT (Orcaella brevirostris (Owen in Gray 1866 SEBAGAIMAMALIATERANCAMLANGKA DI PERAIRANKUBU RAYADANKAYONGUTARAKALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regi Fiji Anggawangsa

    2015-12-01

    2013. Selama pengamatan hanya diketahui terdapat satu kelompok pesut sebanyak 4-6 individu yang terdiri dari pesut muda dan dewasa. Kelompokan itu dijumpai di muara Sungai Bumbun pada kedalamanan perairan 11 meter. Tingkah laku yang teramati menunjukkan gerombolan pesut umumnya memburu kelompokan ikan dan sesekali menyemburkan air dari blowhole nya. Berdasarkan ciri-ciri morfologi dan tingkah laku yang teramati serta kondisi lingkungan perairan setempat maka perairan di Kabupaten Kubu Raya dan Kabupaten Kayong Utara yang terletak di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat diduga merupakan perairan yang potensial sebagai habitat pesut (Orcaella brevirostris. Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris (Owen in Gray 1866 is one of aquatic mammals species who populations are increasingly threatened. The lack information about population of Irrawaddy dolphins in West Kalimantan waters makes the conservation of this species and its management were still not optimized yet. This research aims to identify the characteristics and behavior of dolphins found in Kubu Raya and Kayong Utara waters of West Kalimantan. The observation was held on April 2013, exploring coastal waters and estuaries which are expected to be the habitats of Irrawaddy dolphins using binoculars. There are 4-6 individuals of Irrawaddy dolphin found at the mouth of Bumbun River. A group consist of young and adults dolphins at the depth of 11 meters. The observed behavior is chasing schooling fish and occasionally spitting water from his blowhole. Based on morphological character and fish behavior observed, and environmental condition parameters, indicated that the water surrounding of Kubu Raya and Kayong Utara District were potential habitat for Irrawaddy dolphins.

  7. Removal of mercury (Hg) from contaminated water at traditional gold mining area in Central Kalimantan

    OpenAIRE

    Wilopo, Wahyu; Rahman, Denizar; Eka Putra, Doni Prakasa; Warmada, I Wayan

    2015-01-01

    There are many traditional gold mining and processing in Murung Raya Regency, Central Kalimantan. The processing of gold mostly uses mercury (Hg) and produces a lot of waste water. It just throws to the river without any treatment. Therefore the concentration of mercury (Hg) in the river water is over than the standard of drinking water and reach up to 0.346 mg dm-3. This situation is very dangerous because almost of the people in the downstream area depend on the river water for their daily ...

  8. Genre Analysis On Reading Passages Grade VII English Textbooks

    OpenAIRE

    Sukma, Ardini Nur

    2010-01-01

    Referring to the latest curriculum, School-Based Curriculum, every English textbook should provide genres based on the level of literacy of each grade. On this paper, I analyzed English textbooks published by Erlangga ?óÔé¼ÔÇ£ English on Sky (EOS), and by Pakar Raya -- Let?óÔé¼Ôäós Talk. This paper focuses on how are the reading passages of the textbooks compatible with ?óÔé¼?ôStandard Isi?óÔé¼?Ø?. Coinciding with the statement of the problems, the objectives of this paper are to describe the...

  9. Spatial analysis of the impacts of the Chaitén volcano eruption (Chile) in three fluvial systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulloa, H.; Iroumé, A.; Picco, L.; Mohr, C. H.; Mazzorana, B.; Lenzi, M. A.; Mao, L.

    2016-08-01

    The eruption of the Chaitén volcano in May 2008 generated morphological and ecological disturbances in adjacent river basins, and the magnitude of these disturbances depended on the type of dominant volcanic process affecting each of them. The aim of this study is to analyse the morphological changes in different periods in river segments of the Blanco, El Amarillo and Rayas river basins located near the Chaitén volcano. These basins suffered disturbances of different intensity and spatial distribution caused by tephra fall, dome collapses and pyroclastic density currents that damaged hillslope forests, widened channels and destroyed island and floodplain vegetation. Changes continued to occur in the fluvial systems in the years following the eruption, as a consequence of the geomorphic processes indirectly induced by the eruption. Channel changes were analyzed by comparing remote images of pre and post-eruption conditions. Two periods were considered: the first from 2008 to 2009-2010 associated with the explosive and effusive phases of the eruption and the second that correspond to the post-eruption stage from 2009-2010 to 2013. Following the first phases channel segments widened 91% (38 m/yr), 6% (7 m/yr) and 7% (22 m/yr) for Blanco, Rayas and El Amarillo Rivers, respectively, compared to pre-eruption condition. In the second period, channel segments additionally widened 42% (8 m/yr), 2% (2 m/yr) and 5% (4 m/yr) for Blanco, Rayas and El Amarillo Rivers, respectively. In the Blanco River 62 and 82% of the islands disappeared in the first and second period, respectively, which is 6-8 times higher than in the El Amarillo approximately twice the Rayas. Sinuosity increased after the eruption only in the Blanco River but the three study channels showed a high braiding intensity mainly during the first post-eruption period. The major disturbances occurred during the eruptive and effusive phases of Chaitén volcano, and the intensity of these disturbances reflects the

  10. Ngelmu Ngalap-Nyaur: Transaksi Berbasis Akun-isme Tanpa Kredit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whedy Prasetyo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to construct account based on ngalap-nyaur done by PKL Ngalam raya underpined trust each other by supplier . This research use case study. The research refer to transaction model that change attendance accountof account receivable and cost of goods sold with amount of taking good sand trust. The account shows sales transactions to getherness without credit but not cashas the account embodiment of one soul greeting social (moral side by side with economic (rational, to guarantee and overcome “shock” the process of commodity making and sales. One soul greeting seeks reduce unemployment and boost the local economy.

  11. Defect-induced magnetism in undoped and Mn-doped wide band gapzinc oxide grown by aerosol spray pyrolysis

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Motaung, DE

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Surface Science Vol. 311, pp 14-26 Defect-induced magnetism in undoped and Mn-doped wide band gapzinc oxide grown by aerosol spray pyrolysis D.E. Motaunga,∗, I. Kortidise, D. Papadakie, S.S. Nkosib,∗∗, G.H. Mhlongoa,J. Wesley-Smitha, G.F. Malgasc, B....W. Mwakikungaa, E. Coetseed, H.C. Swartd,G. Kiriakidise,f, S.S. Raya aDST/CSIR Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, National Centre for Nano-Structured Materials, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, P.O. Box 395,Pretoria 0001, South Africa b...

  12. Consumo de drogas, percepción de riesgo y adicciones en sustancias en los jóvenes en la provincia de Córdoba

    OpenAIRE

    Lucena Jurado, Valentina

    2013-01-01

    Una de las preocupaciones más importante que tiene la sociedad actual, es el consumo de drogas en los jóvenes y las posibles consecuencias negativas que les producen tanto a nivel personal como a nivel social. Por lo que establecer cuáles son las características concretas de consumo y cual es la percepción que tienen los jóvenes sobre las consecuencias negativas que les produce el mismo (Ruiz-Olivares, Lucena y Raya, 2011; Trujillo, Forns i Santacana y Pérez, 2007), se convierte en una l...

  13. ÍNDICES PRODUCTIVOS DE ALPACAS DEL CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIÓN Y PRODUCCIÓN “LA RAYA”

    OpenAIRE

    GALLEGOS ACERO, ROBERTO FLORO; Universidad Nacional del Altiplano

    2013-01-01

    Se ha evaluado los principales índices productivos en alpacas Huacaya y Suri, del Centro de Investigación y Producción La Raya de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia - Universidad Nacional del Altiplano Puno; los objetivos fueron: Determinar el porcentaje de natalidad, mortalidad, saca, estructura de rebaño, producción y calidad de fibra, en base a los registros de producción y los informes memoria del periodo 2001 al 2010. Los resultados muestran una mayor tasa de natalidad bruta...

  14. Urban Agglomeration and Extension in Northern Coast of West Java: A Transformation into Mega Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Octifanny, Y.; Hudalah, D.

    2017-07-01

    In the past decade, at least three neighbouring metropolitan areas in the northwestern part of the island have been merging with each other: Jakarta Metropolitan Area (Jabodetabek), Bandung Metropolitan Area (Bandung Raya), and Cirebon Metropolitan Area (Ciayumajakuning). It is expected to be the first island-based mega-conurbation. This paper explores the potential emergence of mega region as a ground study, where mega region can be used for economic, logistic, transportation development. Authors use scoring analysis from economic and demographic indicators. The outcomes found a new and larger formation of city-region in the northern coast road networks (Pantura) - specifically western part of Java Island.

  15. Landasan Fikih dan Syariat Kalender Hijriah Global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Rofiq Muzakkir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Setiap tahun umat Islam di seluruh dunia cenderung dihadapkan pada perdebatan tentang permulaan puasa dan hari raya, baik idul fitri maupun idul adha. Banyak ilmuwan yang meyakini bahwa problem tersebut terjadi karena mayoritas umat Islam masih bersikukuh menggunakan rukyah faktual, daripada menggunakan hisab atau perhitungan astronomi. Sungguh ironi, ketika kini manusia dapat melakukan penghitungan posisi bulan dan matahari secara cermat untuk ratusan tahun ke depan, tetapi karena landasan interpretasi keagamaan yang konvensional, sebagian umat masih harus mengarahkan pandangan ke arah langit, mencari-cari agar bisa melihat bulan. Kontribusi ilmiah dalam menunjang peribadatan terhalang oleh interpretasi literal klasik.

  16. Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah pada Materi Trigonometri Dikaji dari Self Concept Siswa Kelas XI IPA

    OpenAIRE

    Sartika, Ita; Jamiah, Yulis; Bistari

    2014-01-01

    The research aims to describe the problem-solving ability on the materials about trigonometry of students' self concept in SMA Kemala Bhayangkari 1 Kubu Raya eleven grade. The method is used descriptive method with case study of research. The sample of research was 9 students. The sample determination is done by taking 3 students who have high self concept, 3 students who have average self concept, and 3 students who have low self concept. The results of data analysis showed tha the problem-s...

  17. Utilizing Microsoft Mathematics In Teaching And Learning Calculus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Oktaviyanthi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The experimental design was conducted to investigate the use of Microsoft Mathematics, free software made by Microsoft Corporation, in teaching and learning Calculus. This paper reports results from experimental study details on implementation of Microsoft Mathematics in Calculus, students’ achievement and the effects of the use of Microsoft Mathematics on students’ attitudes in relation to such experience. Two classes of the students from the first year student in Universitas Serang Raya were participated in the study. This study found that students who taught by using Microsoft Mathematics had higher achievement and has a positive effect on students’ confidence of mathematics.

  18. Pemanfaatan Roti Afkir Dalam Ransum Terhadap Performans Itik Peking Umur 1-8 Minggu

    OpenAIRE

    Akiki, Adli

    2014-01-01

    Adli akiki: Utilization of Waste Bread in Feed to Peking Ducks Performance for age 1-8 week, under the Supervision of MA’RUF TAFSIN and USMAN BUDI. This research has been conducted at Bunga Raya street Medan asam kumbang, which took place from December 2013 until January 2014. This research aims to determine the effect of the use of waste bread on feed intake, body weight gain and feed conversion Peking duck. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 tr...

  19. Microtremor survey to investigate seismic vulnerability around the Seulimum Fault, Aceh Besar-Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simanjuntak, Andrean V. H.; Muksin, Umar; Rahmayani, Febrina

    2018-05-01

    The Seulimeum Fault has generated inland earthquake with magnitude larger than M 6.5 that destroyed houses in the Lamteuba and Krueng Raya Villages. Earthquakes along the Seulimeum Fault are mostly right lateral strike-slip characterizing the Fault. The understanding of the seismic vulnerability around the highly populated Banda Aceh City and the villages in Aceh Besar is therefore very important since the city, and the villages are very close to the Seulimeum Fault. A microtremor survey has been conducted to investigate seismic vulnerability in the area closed to the Seulimeum Fault. The waveforms of the microtremor have been recorded in Lamteuba and Kreung Raya villages, Aceh Besar at 20 sites for 7 days from August 14, 2017 with the interval of measurement of 1 km. The waveforms recorded for 30 minutes at each site by using one Taurus Seismometer in miniseed format. The data has been analyzing by using Geopsy to obtain the Horizontal-Vertical Spectral Ratio for each site. The seismic vulnerability is considered to be high if the value of the Horizontal-Vertical Spectral Ratio is high. The HVSR values are then interpolated to obtain the seismic vulnerability map. The preliminary result shows high seismic vulnerability in the area around the first site.

  20. Assessment of groundwater vulnerability using DRASTIC Model and GIS : A case study of two sub-districts in Banda Aceh city, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machdar, I.; Zulfikar, T.; Rinaldi, W.; Alfiansyah, Y.

    2018-03-01

    This present study assessed the groundwater vulnerability to protect aquifer in part of Banda Aceh City (the sub-district of Banda Raya and Lueng Bata), Indonesia. The study provides an additional tool for local planner and manager as for managing and protecting groundwater resources. The study area covers 1,164 ha and total population was estimated around 50,000 inhabitants. DRASTIC model in a GIS (Geographic Information System) environment was used in this study to generate vulnerability maps. The maps were created by applied seven criteria as standard in DRASTIC approach, i.e. depth to groundwater, recharge, aquifer type, soil properties, topography, impact of the vadose zone, and hydraulic conductivity. The vulnerability maps provides five categories of vulnerability, i.e. less, low, medium, high, and very high. It was found that the village areas, labelled with the high groundwater pollution potential, are mainly in the area of Lamlagang and the part of Geuce Kaye Jatoe and Geuce Komplek (Banda Raya sub-district) and the part of Batoh and Suka Damai (Lueng Bata sub-distric) This study prompts that the DRASTIC approach is helpful and efficient instrument for assessing groundwater vulnerability. The generated map can be an effective tool for local administrators in groundwater management as well.

  1. Por una (hiperpedagogía crítica, intercultural y multisensorial en el aprendizaje de Español como Lengua Extranjera (ELE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingues Ferreira da Cruz, Mário Rui

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo en cuenta una pedagogía crítica emancipadora (Jiménez Raya, Lamb & Vieira, 2007 enriquecida por enfoques multisensoriales (Arslan, 2009, se pretende en este artículo dar cuenta de prácticas verdaderamente interdisciplinarias y basadas en una filosofía de proyecto en el que alumnos de ELE en la Educación Básica (primer y tercer ciclos llevan a cabo tareas de naturaleza plurilingüe y multicultural. En este estudio, hemos tratado de destacar las prácticas y estrategias emancipatorias que traducen aprendizajes que resultan significativos en un nivel multicultural y plurilingüe para los alumnos (Andrade & Araújo e Sá, 2003, contribuyendo al desarrollo de su conciencia crítica cultural (Byram et al, 2002. Buscando evidenciar una muestra de prácticas interdisciplinarias y multisensoriales (Arslan, 2009, relacionadas con el proyecto Pluri+Red y basadas en el uso de estrategias y materiales físicos o digitales (juegos didácticos, WebQuests, cuentos interactivos, etc. que plantean retos a los estudiantes con el fin de provocar asombro y extrañeza, pero también cuestionamiento (Jiménez Raya, Lamb & Vieira, 2007, pretendemos que este estudio exploratorio demuestre las opciones y rutas tomadas hacia un único objetivo: formar a los futuros ciudadanos conscientes del mundo, capaces de intervenir y de formarse a lo largo de su vida.

  2. Growth and yield of different brassica genotypes under saline sodic conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ali, A.; Mahmood, I.A.; Salim, M.

    2013-01-01

    A field study was conducted at farmer's salt-affected field (ECe=12.3 dS m/sup -1/; pH=9.7; SAR=46.2) in Hafizabad to test growth and yield response of six Brassica cultivars (BARD-I, Dunkled, Rainbow, BRS-II, Sultan Raya and cv. 95102-5) under saline sodic conditions. Data on growth and yield parameters were collected randomly (average of five plants per replication) at the time of crop maturity. Ionic concentration in plant tissues and oil content in seeds were also determined. Comparatively more number of branches and pods per plant were produced by cultivar Dunkled closely followed by BARD-I while maximum seed yield (241.7 and 235.1 kg ha ) was obtained from Dunkled and Sultan Raya, respectively which was statistically at par. However, BRS-II and Rainbow showed significantly more percent oil contents in their seeds but genotype Dunkled showed minimum Na+ and K+ concentration in their tissues. (author)

  3. ANALISIS FAKTOR PENGHAMBAT EKSPOR BAGI UKM Small and Medium Enterprise’s Export Barrier Factor Analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvia Ivada

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this research are to analyze Small and Medium Enterprises’ export barriers in Solo Raya (Surakarta, Boyolali, Sukoharjo, Karanganyar, Wonogiri, Sragen, Klaten and to prove that all indicators which are knowledge barriers, resources barriers, procedurs barriers and exogenous barrier support export barriers as its construct. This research provides a measurement tool for the next export barriers research as well This study combines questioner’s statements  that were developed by researchers from  previous studies in European countries and export obstacle expressions suggested by Indonesian’s expert. Using Small and Medium Enterprises in Solo Raya region as its respondent sample, and we can collect 400 respondent of SME.  There was no such researches in Indonesia before, thus this is the first study using export barrier’s questioner. That’s why Structural Equation Modelling (SEM is used to provide all construct variables and their indicators become acceptable as a measurement tool for this kind of research. When the researcher run the data using SEM, it showed that construct variables can  support the model. In other words, the model does fit the datas. Except for the exogenous barriers that don’t have significant influence to other two barrier which are resources and procedures.

  4. Aplikasi Sistem Kalender Bali Berbasis Mobile Application Pada Blackberry Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Ngurah Putu Wiara Prayana Destra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kalender adalah suatu sistem pemberian nama pada sebuah periode waktu. Penamaan atas periode waktu ini bisa didasarkan dari gerakan-gerakan benda angkasa seperti matahari dan bulan atau perjanjian/persetujuan. Kalender Bali atau Kalendar Caka Bali sangat penting dalam kehidupan sosial budaya Masyarakat Bali. Beberapa hari suci seperti Hari Raya Nyepi dan Siwaratri ditetapkan berdasarkan Kalender Caka, begitu pula dengan Piodalan Pura di Bali.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang pemodelan dan membangun sebuah Sistem Informasi Kalender Bali berbasis Blackberry yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan pencarian informasi berdasarkan perhitungan pawukuan Bali.Perancangan dilakukan dengan metode perangkat pemodelan sistem serta penelusuran algoritma perhitungan wewaran, purnama, tilem dan sasih dari sejumlah pustaka Kalender Bali. Analisa dilakukan dengan menguji perhitungan wewaran, sasih, purnama tilem, pencarian Tanggal Masehi, pencarian otonan, pencarian wuku, pencarian hari raya. Hasil analisa mendapatkan ketepatan hasil perhitungan wewaran, sasih, purnama tilem, pencarian Tanggal Masehi, pencarian otonan, pencarian wuku yang dapat diakses dengan mudah melalui Blackberry. Kata kunci : Kalender Bali, Blackberry, Wewaran

  5. PERAMALAN BEBAN JANGKA PENDEK PADA HARI LIBUR DI BALI MENGGUNAKAN METODE GENERALIZED REGRESSION NEURAL NETWORK (GRNN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juniar Doan Wihardono

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Peramalan beban merupakan suatu kegiatan untuk memperkirakan kondisi beban pada hari yang akan datang. Kondisi beban pada saat hari libur merupakan suatu fenomena yang sangat menarik untuk diketahui. Fenomena ini terjadi di Bali yaitu pada saat hari Raya Nyepi. Karena, kondisi beban pada hari Raya Nyepi akan mengalami penurunan yang sangat drastis. Kondisi tersebut perlu diketahui agar operasi sistem tenaga listrik dapat berjalan secara optimal. Metode peramalan beban pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode Generalized Regression Neural Nework (GRNN yang dibandingkan dengan metode Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN. Data pada proses peramalan menggunakan data beban puncak harian pada hari libur di Bali antara tahun 2010 sampai 2014. Pemilihan data difokuskan pada data beban puncak pada 5 hari sebelum hari libur (h-4 sampai hari libur (h. Metode GRNN menghasilkan Mean Square Error (MSE sebesar 0.020089 dan Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE sebesar 2.01%. sedangkan metode RBFNN menghasilkan MSE sebesar 0.022757 dan MAPE sebesar 2,28%.

  6. Aplikasi Kalender Bali Berbasis Mobile Application pada Android Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Ayu Putri Pradnyani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kalender adalah suatu sistem pemberian nama pada sebuah periode waktu. Kalender Bali atau Kalendar Caka Bali sangat penting dalam kehidupan sosial budaya masyarakat Bali. Beberapa hari suci seperti Hari Raya Nyepi dan Siwaratri ditetapkan berdasarkan Kalender Caka. Aplikasi Kalender Bali berbasis mobile application pada android platform ini diciptakan untuk dapat membantu masyarakat yang memerlukan dalam menentukan waktu yang sudah lampau, waktu sekarang, dan waktu yang akan datang dengan bantuan komputer. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang pemodelan dan membangun sebuah Aplikasi Kalender Bali berbasis Android yang dapat digunakan untuk melihat informasi penanggalan bali, hari raya, hari nasional, otonan berdasarkan perhitungan Kalender Caka Bali. Perancangan diakukan dengan metode perangkat pemodelan sistem serta penelusuran algoritma perhitungan wewarigan, purnama, tilem dan sasih dari sejumlah pustaka Kalender Bali.Analisa dilakukan dengan menguji perhitungan wewaran, sasih, purnama, tilem, pencarian otonan yang dapat di akses dengan mudah melalui Android.Untuk meningkatkan kehandalan informasi, diperlukan adanya penelitian dan pengembangan lebih lanjut yang dapat menghasilkan pencarian padewasaan dan penentuan tanggal padewasaan terbaik pada Android.   Kata kunci: Kalender Bali, Hindu, Android, Mobile.

  7. Harvest time residues of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen in vegetables and soil in sugarcane-based intercropping systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Navneet; Bhullar, Makhan S

    2015-05-01

    Terminal residues of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen applied in autumn sugarcane- and vegetables-based intercropping systems were analyzed in peas (Pisum sativum), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), garlic (Allium sativum), gobhi sarson (Brassica napus), and raya (Brassica juncea). The study was conducted in winter season in 2010-2011 and in 2011-2012 at Ludhiana, India. Pendimethalin at 0.56 kg and 0.75 kg ha(-1) was applied immediately after sowing of gobhi sarson, raya, peas, garlic, and 2 days before transplanting of cabbage seedlings. Oxyfluorfen at 0.17 kg and 0.23 kg ha(-1) was applied immediately after sowing of peas and garlic and 2 days before transplanting of cabbage seedlings intercropped in autumn sugarcane. Representative samples of these vegetables were collected at 75, 90, 100, and 165 days after application of herbicides and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) with diode array detector for residues. The residue level of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen in mature vegetables was found to be below the limit of quantification which is 0.05 mg kg(-1) for both the herbicides. The soil samples were collected at 0, 7, 15, 30, 45, and 60 days after the application of their herbicides. The residues of herbicides in soil samples were found to be below the detectability limit of 0.05 mg kg(-1) after 60 days in case of pendimethalin and after 45 days in case of oxyfluorfen.

  8. Elasmobranchs observed in deepwaters (45-330m at Isla del Coco National Park, Costa Rica (Eastern Tropical Pacific

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    Jorge Cortés

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Isla del Coco is an oceanic island 500km off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. It is a National Park and its marine fauna has been relatively well protected. The island is famous for its elasmobranch (sharks, rays and skates sightings in shallow waters. Here we present a catalogue of the deepwater elasmobranchs observed with the DeepSee submersible. Five species of sharks, six species of skates and one ray have been observed between 45 and 330m depth. Triaenodon obesus, the white tip reef shark, was commonly observed between 80 and 301m, but only in the afternoons. Sphyrna lewini, the scalloped hammerhead shark, was observed as deep a 303m, but commonly between 45 and 90m, and close to the island. Odontaspis ferox, the smalltooth sand tiger shark, was observed between 82 and 316m. Echinorhinus cookei, the prickly shark, was observed between 91 and 320m. Rhincodon typus, the whale shark, was observed only close to the island, between 77 and 80m. Taeniura meyeni, the marbled ray, was observed only close to the island, between 45 and 90m. A Dasyatis sp., similar to the the diamond stingray, was observed only once close to the island at 60m; this is the first report of this genus at Isla del Coco National Park. Manta birostris, the giant manta, was only observed close to the island at 90m. Mobula tarapacana, the sicklefin devil ray, was observed between 60 and 326m, extending its maximum depth almost 10 times what has been reported. Aetobatus narinari, the spotted eagle ray, was observed only close to the island between 60 and 82m. Torpedo peruana, the Peruvian torpedo ray, was observed only once at 313m, and is the first record of this species from Isla del Coco National Park.La Isla del Coco es una isla oceánica a 500km de la costa Pacífica de Costa Rica. Es un Parque Nacional donde la fauna marina ha estado relativamente bien protegida. La isla es famosa por los elasmobranquios (tiburones y rayas en aguas poco profundas. Aquí presentamos un cat

  9. Production of endoglucanase by the native strains of Streptomyces isolates in submerged fermentation

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    P. Chellapandi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Cellulase is a complex enzyme system, commercially produced by filamentous fungi under solid-state and submerged cultivation. It has wide applicability in textile, food and beverage industry for effective saccharification process. In this study, cellulolytic enzyme activity, particularly endoglucanase of 26 Streptomyces strains isolated from garden soil was examined, including two isolates selected on the basis of potential cellulolytic activity on Bennett's agar medium. To enhance the endoglucanase formation in broth culture, different conditions including carbon and nitrogen sources, and growth conditions were tested. The maximum endoglucanase activity (11.25-11.90 U/mL was achieved within 72-88 h in fermentation medium containing Tween-80, followed by phosphate sources. Both cellulolytic Streptomyces isolates gave almost equal quantity of enzyme in all trials. However the effect of medium ingredients on endoglucanase induction diverged with strains in some extent.A celulase é um sistema enzimático complexo, produzido comercialmente a partir de fungos filamentosos através de cultivo em estádio sólido e submerso. Tem uma grande aplicação na indústria têxtil e de alimentos e bebidas no processo de sacarificação. Nesse estudo, examinou-se a atividade celulolítica, especialmente de englucanase, de 26 cepas de Streptomyces isoladas de solo, incluindo duas cepas selecionadas por sua atividade celulolítica no ágar Bennett. Para estimular a produção de englucanase em meio de cultura, diferentes condições de cultivo, incluindo fonte de carbono e nitrogênio e condições de crescimento, foram avaliadas. A atividade máxima de glucanase (11,25 a 11,90 U/mL foi obtida em 72-88h em meio de cultura contendo Tween-80, seguido por fontes de fosfato. Ambas as cepas celulolíticas de Streptomyces produziram quase a mesma quantidade de enzima em todos os experimentos. Entretanto, o efeito dos ingredientes do meio na indução da glucanase

  10. Efecto de actividades turísticas sobre el comportamiento de fauna representativa de las Islas Galápagos, Ecuador Short-term effects of tourism activities on the behavior of representative fauna on the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

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    Fernanda González-Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Fueron consideradas clave para actividades turísticas en 16 sitios de las Islas Galápagos: la raya sartén marmoleada (Taeniura meyeri, raya águila (Aetobatus narinari, tiburón de aleta blanca (Triaenodon obesus, tortuga verde (Chelonia mydas, cormorán no volador (Phalacrocorax harrisi y lobo marino de Galápagos (Zalophus califórnianus, con el objetivo de analizar reacciones a corto plazo ante actividades de buceo apnea o "snorkeling", buceo autónomo o "scuba", paseos en bote o "panga-ride" y caminatas. Para cada especie se documentó su comportamiento al momento del encuentro con los turistas y su reacción ante dicha situación. El uso del Análisis de Correspondencias reveló que el tipo de reacción de las especies depende significativamente de la actividad turística, a excepción de las rayas sartén marmoleada y águila. Asimismo, los análisis indican que, a nivel de especie, cada actividad turística estuvo asociada significativamente con reacciones animales particulares. Esto sugiere que las especies analizadas son sensibles ante determinadas actividades turísticas, por lo que se deberían implementar recomendaciones de manejo a fin de garantizar la sustentabilidad del ecoturismo.This study focused on the short-term reactions of six key species (Taeniura meyeri, Aetobatus narinari, Triaendon obesus, Chelonia mydas, Phalacrocorax harrisi, and Zalophus califórnianus during tourism activities (SCUBA diving, panga-ride, snorkeling, and hiking at 16 tourist sites on the islands. For each species we recorded its behavior when first encountering tourists and its reaction following this encounter. A Correspondence Analysis revealed that the type of reaction of the species depended significantly on the type of touristic activity, with the exception of the black spotted and eagle rays. Moreover, the analysis showed that, for each species, the different tourist activities were significantly associated with particular animal activities

  11. Rancang Bangun Sistem Pengukur Kecepatan Kendaraan Menggunakan Sensor Magnetik

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    Aris Ramdhani

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Data kecepatan kendaran di jalan raya sangat berpengaruh bagi keamanan dan keselamatan pengguna jalan raya. Kemajuan tekhnologi sensor sangat membantu dalam mengukur kecepatan kendaraan dengan otomatis. Metode yang umum dipakai ialah metode dengan menggunakan dua buah rangkaian sensor yang sudah diatur pada jarak tertentu. Sensor digunakan sebagai pendeteksi keberadaan kendaraan. Data kecepatan kendaraan didapatkan dengan mencari selang waktu yang dibutuhkan kendaraan melaju dari sensor pertama menuju sensor kedua. Saat kendaraan melaju melewati sensor maka sinyal keluaran sensor menjadi acuan perhitungan waktu start dan stop. Berbagai jenis sensor yang sudah digunakan ialah sensor LDR, sensor ultrasonic, sensor laser, sensor loop induktif dan sensor kamera. Setiap sensor yang sudah dipergunakan memiliki berbagai jenis kekurangan dalam mendeteksi kendaraan pada jalan raya. Oleh karena itu penulis memunculkan ide baru dengan menggunakan sensor magnetik yang memiliki faktor gangguan eksternal yang rendah. Sensor magnetik yang digunakan ialah sensor Giant MagnetoResistance (GMR. Perancangan sistem pengukur kecepatan kendaraan yang penulis lakukan berupa sebuah prototype. Hasil pengujian sistem pengukur kecepatan kendaraan menggunakan sensor magnetik GMR menunjukan respon yang bagus saat pengujian dilakukan pada jarak 30cm dan 70cm antara dua buah sensor GMR. Data speed of vehicles on the highway are very influential to the security and safety of users of the highway. Advances in sensor technology is very helpful in measuring the speed of vehicles with automatic. A common method used is the method by using two sensor circuit which is set at a certain distance. The sensor is used as a detector for the exixtance of the vehicle. Vehicle speed data obtained by finding the time required vehicles drove from the first sensor to the second sensor. When the vehicle drove past the sensor, the sensor output signal to be a reference calculation start and stop

  12. MENENTANG SEKULARISME: Upaya Membentuk Kesalehan Subjek Muslim di Banten

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    Mohamad Hudaeri

    2016-12-01

    Gerakan Islam kontemporer banyak mengalami perubahan visi dan orientasi sosial dan politik. Gerakan tersebut bukan diarahkan untuk mendirikan negara Islam atau mendukung penggunaan militer dan kekerasan untuk me­wujudkan program menciptakan individu dan masyarakat “Muslim yang baik”. Tetapi proyek tersebut diarahkan untuk transformasi-diri melalui penanaman moral dan etika sebagai landasan untuk bisa tampil di ruang publik. Gerakan tersebut lebih diarahkan kepada proses re-Islamisasi yang berkaitan dengan praktek sosial dan praktek disiplin untuk membentuk subjek Muslim yang baik. Tulisan ini mengeksplorasi tentang Islamisasi ruang publik yang ada di Provinsi Banten. Yakni terkait dengan konstruksi identitas Keislaman terhadap tubuh dan tempat publik. Konstruksi identitas Islam terhadap tubuh ditekankan melalui keharusan untuk berjilbab bagi wanita Muslimah. Sedangkan Islamisasi tempat publik adalah pemasangan nama-nama Allah (Asmā’ al-Ḥusnā dan pesan-pesan Islam lainnya di beberapa jalan raya utama.

  13. KONTRIBUSI KETERLIBATAN SISWA DI UNIT PRODUKSI DAN EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS TERHADAP SELF EFFICACY SERTA DAMPAKNYA PADA MINAT BEKERJA SISWA SMK

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    Fitria Nur Hasanah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui kontribusi: (1 keterlibatan siswa di Unit Produksi/Jasa (UPJ dan employability skill secara simultan dan parsial terhadap self efficacy; (2 secara simultan dan parsial antara keterlibatan siswa di UPJ, employ-ability skills, dan self efficacy terhadap minat bekerja. Penelitian ini adalah jenis sur-vei korelasional. Populasi penelitian adalah siswa SMK kelas XII Kompetensi Keahli-an TKJ di Malang Raya. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan angket dan dianalisis de-ngan analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian ini adalah keterlibatan siswa di UPJ dan employ-ability skills secara simultan berkontribusi terhadap self efficacy sebesar 54,60%. Ke-mudian keterlibatan siswa di UPJ, employability skills, dan self efficacy secara simul-tan berkontribusi terhadap minat bekerja siswa sebesar 53,80%. Variabel keterlibatan siswa di UPJ, employability skills, dan self efficacy masing-masing juga berkontribusi terhadap minat bekerja.

  14. Biowaste fuels South-East Asian COGEN schemes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pennington, M.

    1998-01-01

    This article reports on the COGEN Programme of the European Commission in association with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), and considers the benefits of using biowaste for the production of energy using cogeneration with the corresponding reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases. The substitution of rice husks for the fuel in a cogeneration plant at a Thai rice mill, and the combustion of wood in the cogeneration plant at the Homet Raya plant in Malaysia are described, and details are given of the backgrounds to the projects, locations, the technologies used, and the process economics. The next phase of the COGEN programme due to start in 1998 which will see the programme expanded to include coal-fired and gas-fired cogeneration projects is discussed

  15. Analysis of community income on suren (Toona sureni (Blume) Merr.) and cacao crops (Theobroma cacao L.) in Simalungun, North Sumatera-Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latifah, S.; Afifuddin, Y.; Widya, S.

    2018-02-01

    Agroforestry is the management and integration of trees, crops and/or livestock on the same plot of land and can be an integral component of productive agriculture. It may include existing native forests and forests established by landholders. The study was conducted in Mekar Sari Raya village, Panei sub, Simalungun regency, North Sumatera. This study aims to gain the ability to use agroforestry in suren crops and cocoa that provides benefits to farmers and the feasibility of the model farm. The study site has Net Present Value (NPV) is 2,670,306,905 ( IDR) for 15 of year, Gross B/C Ratio (BCR) is 2.3; Internal Rate of Return ( IRR) is 28 %; and Payback Period (PP) for 5 years 4 months 24 days. Agroforestry using commodities cacao and suren crops are financially feasible to be cultivated and developed.

  16. Penghunian, Pemanfaatan, dan Interaksi Pcndukung Situs-Situs di Kawasan Danau Ranau Lampung Barat

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    Nurul Laili

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract, The archeological research that was conducted in the banks of Ranau Lake. West Lampung had been result some of conclusions and can be classified as religious sites, settlement sites and both. As religious sites they are Hujung Cumalagi, Batu Andak Kenihang. Johor. Way Lumbok. Batin Katung. and Si Pahit Lidah. and as settlement sites are Langkat. Batu l.umpang land 2. while sites considered as both religious and settlement is Tanjung Raya. The estima­tion of period that goes along the usage of the banks of Ranau Lake was based on relative chronology and ceramics dale. As a result, the sites could 've been occupied at least in 7 - 19 M and the presence of some megalithic traditions could be lies in the banks since late prehistoiy until history. Ceramics found that also lies there giving notes that these people has been interact with their outside place. Kata Kunci: penghunian, interaksi, Danau Ranau, situs

  17. Contribution of L1 in EFL Teaching

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    Wahjuningsih Usadiati

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is conducted in a classroom action research to improve the students’ achievement in writing English sentences in Present Perfect Tense in Structure 1 lessons. The subject consisted of 20 Semester II students who took Structure I lessons in English Education Department of Palangka Raya University, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The data were taken from the results of pre test and post test after the action was done. The results show that in cycle 1, in which the explanations were fully in English, only 40% of the students got a good achievement; 5-7 out of 20 test items were correct. After cycle 2 was done using L1 interchangeably with English in the explanations, the students’ achievement of writing English sentences in Present Perfect Tense increased to 75%, in which 15-18 out 20 test items were correct.

  18. PENYELENGGARAAN PROGRAN SD-SMP SATU ATAP DALAM LATAR BUDAYA RUMAH BETANG KALIMANTAN TENGAH

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    Rudi Hasan

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Penyelenggaraan Progran SD-SMP Satu Atap dalam Latar Budaya Rumah Betang Kali­mantan Tengah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penyelengaaraan program SD-SMP Satu Atap dalam latar budaya rumah Betang Kalimantan Tengah yang dikaitkan dengan struktur birokrasi, sumber daya, dan komunikasi. Penelitian kualitatif dilaksanakan di tiga lokasi, yaitu pada SMPN Satu Atap 1 Mihing Raya, SMPN Satu Atap 2 Kurun, dan SMPN Satu Atap 3 Tewah di Kabupaten Gunung Mas, Propinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa acuan standar yang jelas, koordinasi yang intensif, dan pemberdayaan sumber daya manusia yang tepat sesuai dengan pendekatan nilai-nilai budaya rumah Betang dapat mencapai penyelenggaraan program SD-SMP Satu Atap yang efektif. Hal itu juga didukung oleh pengelolaan sumberdaya dan komunikasi yang mendasarkan diri pada nilai kekeluargaan, kebersamaan, loyalitas, dan keakraban.

  19. La mochila "rayá" : del símbolo a la subsistencia

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    Cristina Echavarría Usher

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available La mochila "rayá", la mochila en la que cargan los campesinos de toda la llanura del Caribe colombiano el pedazo de queso bajero y la "miguita" de panela, el frasco de café y el bollo de maíz para desayunar en el monte; la mochila que usan también los estudiantes y obreros; esta mochila de fique con rayas de brillantes colores, es tejida por mujeres y niños artesanos que viven en los pueblos y veredas de la región de Atánquez, situada en el árido piedemonte del sureste de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

  20. Motility of magnetotactic bacteria/MTB to Geomagnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidajatullah-Maksoed, Fatahillah

    2016-03-01

    Bacteria with motility directed by a local geomagnetic fields have been observed in marine sediments'' discussed by R. Blakemore, 1975. Magnetotactic bacteria/MTB discovered in 1963 by Salvatore Bellini. For ``off-axis electron holography in the transmission electron microscope was used to correlates the physical & magnetic microstructure of magnetite nanocrystals in magnetotactic bacteria'' sought ``single-domain magnetite in hemopelagic sediments'' from JF Stolz. Otherwise, for potential source of bioproducts- product meant from result to multiplier -of magnetotactic bacteria[ACV Araujo, et.al, 2014 ] of marine drugs retrieved the `measurement of cellular chemotaxis with ECIS/Taxis, from KM Pietrosimone, 2012, whereas after ``earth magnetic field role on small living models'' are other interpretation of ``taxis'' as a movement of a cell instead usual ``tax'' for yew's taxus cuspidate, hired car & taxes in financial realms. Acknowledgements to HE. Mr. H. TUK SETYOHADI, Jl. Sriwijaya Raya 3, South-Jakarta, INDONESIA.

  1. Enhancement of students’ creative thinking skills on mixture separation topic using project based student worksheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurisalfah, R.; Fadiawati, N.; Jalmo, T.

    2018-05-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the effectiveness of project based student worksheet in improving students' creative thinking skills. The research method is using quasi experiment with the matching only pre-test post-test control group design. The population in this research is all students of class VII SMP N 2 Belitang Madang Raya with class VII1 as control class and class VII4 as experiment class. The sample of this research is obtaining by purposive sampling technique. The effectiveness of project based student worksheet is based on significant post-test differences between the control class and the experiment class as well as the effect size. The results show that the using of project based student worksheet is effective in improving students' creative thinking skills on mixture separation topic.

  2. Dimorfismo sexual y relaciones morfométricas de Atlantoraja platana (Günther, 1880 en aguas del golfo San Matías, Patagonia dimorphism and morphometric relationships of Atlantoraja platana (Günther, 1880 in San Matías gulf waters, Patagonia

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    Nidia Marina Coller

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La "raya platana" (Atlantoraja platana, es una especie endémica del Atlántico Sudoccidental, habita desde los 22° S (Uruguay y sur de Brasil hasta los 42° S, región del golfo de San Matías, no siendo encontrada para el resto de la plataforma del mar argentino. Se describen en este estudio aspectos morfométricos de esta raya. En el Golfo San Matías (41°-42°S y 64°-65°O, un total de 778 hembras y 709 machos fueron muestreados de diversas fuentes, entre 2004 y 2006. La longitud total fue de 19 a 89 cm para las hembras y de 19 a 79 cm para los machos. Atlantoraja platana presentó dimorfismo sexual en las relaciones largo-peso y largo-ancho de disco. Desde 41 cm en adelante las hembras fueron más pesadas que los machos. La relación longitud total -peso total fue PT= 0,0132 x LT2,91 para las hembras y PT= 0,0222 x LT2,77 para los machos. Las relaciones de longitud total-ancho de disco fue de AD= 7,27 + 0,762LT para las hembras y AD= 7,768 + 0,798LT para los machos. Este es el primer informe sobre relaciones morfométricas en esta especie del Mar Argentino y puede ser utilizado para fines comparativos entre diferentes localizaciones latitudinales de esta raya.The skate Atlantoraja platana, commonly known in Argentina as "raya platana", is endemic to the Southwest Atlantic. It is distributed from Brasil (24°S to north Patagonian waters (42°11'S. In this study the morphometric aspects of this skate were described. In the San Matías gulf (41°-42°S y 64°-65°W, a total of 778 females and 709 males were sampled from different sources between 2004 and 2006. The total length ranged was 19 to 89 cm for females and 19 to 79 cm for males. Atlantoraja platana was sexually dimorphic in total length-weight and total length-disc width relationships. Since 41 cm onwards the females are being heavier than males. The total length-weight relationship was Pt= 0.0132 x Lt2.91 for females and Pt= 0.0222 x Lt2.77 for males. The total length

  3. Comparative study of landslides susceptibility mapping methods: Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salleh, S. A.; Rahman, A. S. A. Abd; Othman, A. N.; Mohd, W. M. N. Wan

    2018-02-01

    As different approach produces different results, it is crucial to determine the methods that are accurate in order to perform analysis towards the event. This research aim is to compare the Rank Reciprocal (MCDM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) analysis techniques in determining susceptible zones of landslide hazard. The study is based on data obtained from various sources such as local authority; Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur (DBKL), Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) and other agencies. The data were analysed and processed using Arc GIS. The results were compared by quantifying the risk ranking and area differential. It was also compared with the zonation map classified by DBKL. The results suggested that ANN method gives better accuracy compared to MCDM with 18.18% higher accuracy assessment of the MCDM approach. This indicated that ANN provides more reliable results and it is probably due to its ability to learn from the environment thus portraying realistic and accurate result.

  4. PENGOLAHAN BUAH DAN BIJI RAMBUTAN SEBAGAI MAKANAN TRADISIONAL KOKTAIL, MANISAN, EMPING BIJI RAMBUTAN DAN OBAT HERBAL YANG BERKHASIAT

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    Nuni Widiarti

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat berupa penyuluhan Pengolahan Buah Dan Biji Rambutan Sebagai Makanan Tradisional Koktail, Manisan, Emping Biji Rambutan Dan Obat Herbal Yang Berkhasiat bertujuan untuk memberikan pengetahuan kepada masyarakat khususnya ibu-ibu PKK dukuh kanggan Desa Wringinputih terhadap manfaat rambutan, dan biji rambutan terhadap kesehatan beserta bagaimana meningkatkan nilai jual rambutan dan biji rambutan pada saat panen raya. Khalayak sasaran dalam pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah ibu-ibu rumah tangga di dukuh Kanggan Desa Wringinputih khususnya warga RT 01 dan 02 RW XIII yang berjumlah 20 orang. Metode yang dilakukan dalam pngabdian ini adalah penyuluhan dan demonstrasi pembuatan emping serta manisan buah rambutan. Manfaat yang diperoleh dari hasil pengabdian ini adalah masyarakat menjadi tahu manfaat dari daun hingga akar dan buah rambutan terhadap berbagai penyakit dan kecantikan.

  5. Konflik Kebijakan Pertambangan Antara Pemerintah dan Masyarakat di Kabupaten Buton

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    Mahrudin

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research are to analysis and describe problems that become a conflict, the actor, and source of conflict at nickel mining in Talaga Raya Buton Municipal. The methods of this research use description qualitative approach. Data collect instrument use observation, interview and documentation. Research’s result shows that conflict can be happened if there are no communication between mining corporation, societies, and government security person in the term of no payback of land, plant which damage because of nickel mining.Beside, in policy formulation without involve societies. So that, it will become a conflict between corporation, societis and government security. This research recommended for government to make rule, which involve societies in formulation, so the interest of all elements will involve and they will implement together

  6. Rancang Bandun Game Edukasi Dagang Jajanan Bali Berbasis Android

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    Anak Agung Putu Mahendra Putra

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Game bukan merupakan hal yang baru di Masyarakat Indonesia. Game yang berisi unsur edukasi sangat jarang ditemukan, apalagi game yang bisa memupuk rasa cinta terhadap kebudayaan Indonesia kepada para pemainnya. Jajanan Bali biasanya dibuat untuk keperluan hari raya agama hindu di Bali atau sebagai makanan ringan Masyarakat Bali. Game Edukasi Dagang Jajanan Bali dibuat untuk memberikan edukasi tentang resep-resep Jajanan Bali dimana memperkenalkan bahan-bahan umum seperti tepung, gula, kelapa, dan berbagai macam bahan lainnya tergantung dari jenis jajanan apa yang dibuat. Metode pembelajaran dengan menggunakan game merupakan salah satu inovasi dalam pengenalan jenis-jenis Jajanan Bali dan bahan-bahan umum yang dipakai dalam pembuatan Jajanan Bali. Game ini dibuat berbasis Android dengan menggunakan Corona SDK. Hasil dari kuesioner menyatakan 50% mendapat pengetahuan tentang Jajanan Bali yang terdapat dalam Game. Kata kunci: Android, Jajanan Bali, Game Edukasi

  7. Pengembangan Aplikasi “Kalender Saka Bali” pada Sistem Operasi Machintos

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    I Putu Cahya Prawira

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Kalender Saka Bali merupakan sistem penanggalan yang digunakan oleh orang Hindu di pulau Bali pada umumnya. Pembuatan kalender Saka pada perangkat Machintos (MAC dapat mempermudah para pengguna Machintos (MAC untuk mencari, menentukan dan mempelajari bagaimana cara menentukan hari baik dalam upacara agama. Medote dynamic looping digunakan dalam perhitungan kalender Saka Bali agar sesuai dengan perhitungan Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia (PHDI. Berdasarkan pengujian, aplikasi ini sesuai dengan Kalender Bali cetak yang sesuai dengan perhitungan PHDI. Pengujian juga dilakukan terhadap fitur-fitur aplikasi kalender Saka Bali ini menggunakan beberapa kalender Bali yang sudah ada. Berdasarkan pengujian, kelebihan aplikasi yaitu dapat melakukan pencarian otonan, pencarian hari raya, pencarian event, pembuatan event, reminder custom, event private, ala ayuning dewasa, pawukuan, wewaran, paringkelan, purnama, tilem, dan sasih. Kekurangan aplikasi ini yaitu tidak dapat melakukan ramalan, konversi dan hanya dapat dijalankan pada komputer dengan sistem operasi Machintos. Kata kunci: Kalender Saka Bali, Machintos, Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia, Dynamic Looping

  8. TYPES OF DICHOGAMY, BREEDING SYSTEMS AND POLLEN LIMITATION ON Aeschynanthus pulcher (Blume G.Don. (GESNERIACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiguna Rahman

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Observasi tentang tipe dikogami, sistem penyerbukan, dan keterbatasan serbuk sari telah dilakukan pada populasi Aeschynanthus pulcher di Kebun Raya Cibodas. Pengamatan fenologi bunga dilakukan untuk menentukan tipe dikogami. Dalam rangka menentukan sistem perkawinan dan keterbatasan serbuk sari, lima perlakuan penyerbukan telah dilakukan yaitu penyerbukan bebas sebagai kontrol, penyerbukan silang, penyerbukan sendiri, autogami, dan agamospermi. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa dikogami pada A. pulcher adalah protandri, tidak sempurna dan durasi tampilan serbuk sari dan stigma reseptif masing-masing yaitu 3-9 hari dan 6-12 hari. A. pulcher merupakan tumbuhan yang dapat membuahi sendiri, sedangkan proses autogami dan agamospermi tidak terjadi. Sindrom keterbatasan serbuk sari pada populasi A. pulcher yang diamati diindikasikan terjadi. Derajat keterbatasan serbuk sari pada A. pulcher mencapai 0.79-0.80. Tiga faktor yang dapat menyebabkan keterbatasan serbuk sari adalah (1 kompetisi antar jenis tumbuhan yang berbunga bersamaan, (2 perilaku berbunga dalam satu periode yang sama, dan (3 kompetisi antara polinator dan pencuri nektar.

  9. Pattani central mosque in Southern Thailand as sanctuary from violence

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    Ridwan Ridwan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the real quality of  Pattani Central Mosque to depict another picture of mosques in southern Thailand that has been alleged as an arena for the spreading of Islamic radical ideas and the recruiting of young people into ‘martyrs’ against the Thai Government. It is not doubted, the 2004 Kru-ze Mosque incident reflects the failure of places of worship as a‘sanctuary from violence’. Consequently, there are questions about the kind of practices taking place in Islamic teaching, mosque management, and the views held by mosque stakeholders (Imam, the preachers, and congregation toward good governance, human rights and the anticipation of radicalism given the current situation in Pattani. In sum,  Pattani Central Mosque instead seems to be composed of a fairly equal mixture of moderate and more conservative believers rather than those with radical and extreme tendencies.   Artikel ini mendeskripsikan kualitas yang nyata dari Masjid Raya Pattani untuk mengilustrasikan gambaran lain tentang masjid-masjid di Thailand Selatan yang disinyalir sebagai arena penyebaran ide-ide Islam radikal dan rekruitmen orang–orang muda sebagai “martir” melawan Pemerintah Thailand. Tidak terbantahkan, insiden Masjid Kru-ze tahun 2004 merefleksikan kegagalan tempat-tempat ibadah sebagai ‘sanctuary from violence’. Akibatnya, terdapat sejumlah pertanyaan mengenai jenis-jenis praktik pengajaran, manajemen masjid dan pandangan dari para pengelola/takmir masjid (Imam, juru dakwah, and jemaah terhadap pemerintahan yang baik, hak asasi manusia dan antisipasi atas radikalisme di Pattani dewasa ini. Sebagai kesimpulan, Masjid Raya Pattani tampaknya lebih terbentuk oleh gabungan para pengikut yang moderat dan lebih konservatif dibandingkan mereka yang memiliki tendensi-tendensi radikal dan ekstrem.

  10. NOTES ON THE PALM FLORA OF CENTRAL SUMATRA

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    John Dransfield

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In July and August 1972, I spent five weeks on an expedition to study rattans and other palms in the provinces of Jambi and West Sumatra. This central area of Sumatra was chosen because expeditions have already been made to South Sumatra in February 1971 and March 1972 and to North Sumatra and Aceh with the Kyoto University Expedition in August 1971, and therefore collections made in this central area would link up collections from the south and north and would hence add considerably to our knowledge of the palm flora of this rich island. After advice from the Department of Nature Conservation in Jambi and from Dr. M. Jacobs in Rijksherbarium (Leiden had been considered, it was decided to work westwards from Berbak Nature Reserve on the east coast near Nipah Panjang, to the Bukit Barisan, the main range of Sumatra, to Gunung Kerinci Nature Reserve and G. Tujuh near Sungai Penuh and from there, across the western part of the Bukit Barisan to Padang and Bukittinggi. From Bukittinggi it was planned to visit the Kafflesia arnoldii Nature Reserve at Batang Palupuh, and then return to Jambi by way of Muara Tebo and Muara Tembesi, where reputedly there still exists lowland forest. By more or less confining our collecting activities to the normally neglected Palmae it was hoped that within the time available a large area could be covered reasonably, and a palm transect for central Sumatra made. Two assistants from Bogor accompanied me to help in the difficult task of collecting rattans: Dedy Darnaedi (Herbarium Bogoriense and Abdul Hanan (Kebun Raya. These assistants were also given individual collecting assignments as part of a scheme for training assistants in field botany. Dedy was to collect Pteridophyta and Hanan to collect material for growing in the Kebun Raya. Soetrisno Soewoko, head of Nature Conservation in Jambi accompanied us throughout tha expedition.

  11. Growth and ions (Na/sup +/, K/sup +/ and Cl/sup-1/-) accumulating pattern of some brassica genotypes under saline - sodic field condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shirazi, M.U.; Ali, M.; Khan, M.A.; Mumtaz, S.; Rajpoot, M.A.; Ali, M.

    2011-01-01

    The growth and ionic uptake pattern of some Brassica genotypes i.e., Rainbow, Wester, Durr-e-NIFA, Abaseen 95 (Brassica napus) and NIFA raya (Brassica juncea) under saline-sodic field conditions was studied. Two sets of experiments on normal and saline-sodic site were conducted at NIA experimental farm, Tandojam, Pakistan during Rabi 2006-07. The salinity of the experimental site ranged between 11.0-22.9 dS/m and the pH was alkaline (8-8.6). The dominant cation was sodium (Na). The growth performance was recorded at the time of crop harvest in terms of plant height, grain weight / plant, grain yield and 100 grain weight. It was observed that the performance of Wester was better followed by NIFA- raya. The ionic uptake pattern, of leaves, stem and roots showed that the accumulation of Na was less in leaf as compared to stem and roots. However, the genotypes having better performance we re found to have accumulating type of behavior showing comparatively higher Na contents in all plant parts than other genotypes. This suggests that these genotypes might adjust their osmotic potential through the accumulation of sodium in vacuole. On the other hand trend in case of K accumulation was reverse i.e. high in leaves and stem as compared to roots. Higher accumulating pattern of K in leaves might be helpful for reducing the toxic effects of sodium. However, no correlation was observed between K-Na selectivity or K/Na ratio among the genotypes tested. It is therefore concluded that better selective mechanism for Na uptake and strict control of intercellular Na influx for cellular osmotic adjustment could be selected for saline environment. (author)

  12. Relevansi Kompetensi Petugas Perpustakaan dengan Kepuasan Pemustaka pada UPT Perpustakaan Sultan Agung Tirtayasa Banten

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    Gita Harja Kusuma

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kompetensi pustakawan dengan kepuasan pemustaka. Lokasi penelitian ini dilakukan di UPT. Perpustakaan Sultan Agung Tirtayasa Banten yang berlokasi di Kampus Pakupatan Jl. Raya Jakarta KM 4 Serang Provinsi Banten. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksplanasi survey. Populasi dalam penelitian adalah anggota  aktif UPT. Perpustakaan UNTIRTA Serang Banten yang berjumlah 1065 orang dengan ukuran sampel sebanyak 92 orang. Untuk teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan random sampling sederhana. Teknik pengumpukan data  dilakukan melalui angket, wawancara, observasi serta melalui studi kepustakaan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa terdapat hubungan antara kompetensi pustakawan dengan kepuasan pemustaka pada perpustakaan UNTIRTA Serang banten. Sedangkan kesimpulan secara khusus dapat diketahui bahwa 1. Terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan petugas perpustakaan dengan kepuasan pengguna, 2. Terdapat hubungan antara keterampilan petugas perpustakaan dengan kepuasan pengguna. ABSTRACT This study aims to determine the relationship between the competence of librarians with pemustaka satisfaction. The location of this research conducted in UPT. Library of Sultan Agung Banten Tirtayasa Pakupatan Campus located at Jl. 4 KM Jakarta Raya Serang Banten Province. The method used in this study using a survey of explanation. The population in this research is an active member of UPT. Library UNTIRTA Serang Banten totaling 1065 people with a sample size of 92 people. For sampling technique using simple random sampling. Mechanical pengumpukan data is done through questionnaires, interviews, observations, and through the study of literature. Based on the survey results revealed that there is a correlation between the competence of librarians with library UNTIRTA pemustaka satisfaction Serang Banten. While the conclusions in particular it is known that one. There is a

  13. KELAS MENENGAH, UMNO DAN INTELIGENSIA: TENTANGAN DOMINASI POLITIK BUMIPUTERA ISLAM DI SARAWAK (MIDDLE CLASS, UMNO AND INTELLIGENTSIA: CONTESTING THE MUSLIM BUMIPUTERA'S POLITICAL DOMINATION IN SARAWAK

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    Faisal S. Hazis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Barisan Nasional mulai mendominasi politik Sarawak setelah pemimpin bumiputera Islam mengambil alih tampuk pemerintahan negeri daripada pemimpin Iban selepas pilihan raya 1970. Di bawah teraju pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini, Barisan Nasional berjaya menguasai setiap pilihan raya negeri dan parlimen yang diadakan sejak tahun 1970 hingga 2008. Walaupun parti pembangkang melancarkan tentangan sengit pada lewat 1970-an dan pertengahan 1980-an, pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini berjaya mengatasinya untuk terus mengekalkan dominasi parti pemerintah di negeri yang mempunyai bilangan kerusi negeri dan parlimen yang terbanyak. Makalah ini menyusuri dominasi politik pemimpin bumiputera Islam Sarawak dan faktor-faktor yang menyumbang kepada kekuatan mereka yang menjangkau lebih empat dekad. Walaupun kuasa politik pemimpin bumiputera Islam masih bertahan sehingga ke hari ini, beberapa sumber baharu mulai muncul untuk memberikan tentangan terhadap kuasa politik golongan minoriti ini. Sumber tentangan baharu yang dimaksudkan ialah golongan kelas menengah, United Malays National Organisation (UMNO dan inteligensia. Makalah ini mengupas tentangan yang diberikan kelompok ini dan impaknya terhadap politik Sarawak khususnya kepimpinan bumiputera Islam.The ruling Barisan Nasional started to dominate Sarawak politics after the Muslim bumiputera took over the state leadership from the Iban after the 1970 elections. Under the stewardship of the Muslim bumiputera, Barisan Nasional had successfully dominated every state and parliamentary elections held since 1970 to 2008. Although the opposition parties launched a strong challenge towards the Muslim bumiputera's dominance in the late 1970s and middle 1980s, the latter was able to fend off this challenge and continued to uphold the ruling party's grip on the state with the largest number of state and parliamentary seats. This article analyses the Muslim bumiputera's dominance in Sarawak politics and the factors that had

  14. Efektifitas Load Balancing Dalam Mengurangi Kemacetan Lalu Lintas

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    Erwin Harahap

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Kemacetan jalan raya merupakan permasalahan umum di setiap kota yang memerlukan penanganan serius. Pemecahan permasalahan kemacetan jalan raya tidak hanya dapat diselesaikan dengan hanya meningkatkan kualitas dan kuantitas infrastruktur, namun juga manajemen lalu lintas. Pada artikel diusulkan suatu metode untuk mengurangi kemacetan lalu lintas, yaitu dengan menyeimbangkan beban ke berbagai ruas jalan yang disebut dengan load balancing. Melalui metode ini diharapkan beban lalu lintas terbagi secara merata ke berbagai jalur alternatif sedemikian sehingga antrian panjang kendaraan dapat dihindari. Evaluasi efektifitas dari metode load balancing ini dilakukan melalui simulasi dengan mengimplementasikan salah satu bidang ilmu Matematika, yaitu teori Antrian. Simulasi dibuat dengan menggunakan toolbox SimEvents yang dijalankan pada software MATLAB. Kata Kunci: load balancing, kemacetan, lalu lintas, sim-events, matlab Abstract. (the effectiveness of load balancing in reducing the road traffic congestion Road congestion is a common problem in any city that needs serious handling. The solution of the road congestion problems can not only be solved by simply improving the quality and quantity of infrastructure, but also the traffic management. In this article, we proposed a method to reduce the traffic congestion by balancing the vehicle loads to a various road segments, called as load balancing. Through this method, it is expected that the traffic load is evenly distributed to various alternative routes, such that, long queues and traffic jam can be avoided. Evaluation of the load balancing’s effectiveness is performed through a simulation by implementing the Queueing Theory. Simulations are created using the SimEvents toolbox that runs on MATLAB software. Keywords: load balancing, road congestion, traffic, simevents, matlab.

  15. Las eurociudades rayanas = The ecocities bordering: Tui / Valença, Verín / Chaves, Badajoz / Elvas, Ayamonte / Sto. Antonio Vilareal

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    Julio López-Davalillo Larrea

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A la consideración de la frontera hispano-portuguesa –la raya- sólo como un aislado páramo demográfico, que en verdad lo ha sido, hay que contraponer todo un secular mundo de sutiles e intensas relaciones transfronterizas entre los municipios y núcleos de población de los más de 1200 km de frontera común entre España y Portugal. Aunque aún hoy en día el entorno rayano siga siendo una de las zonas menos desarrolladas de la Unión Europea (UE, ha sido precisamente la UE, a través de su política de inversiones derivada de su Política Regional, quien ha impulsado la creación de entidades transfronterizas de diversa entidad –regionales y municipales-. Una de estas iniciativas la constituyen las denominadas eurociudades, integradas por dos o más ciudades fronterizas de dos estados de la UE. Entre España y Portugal se han formado cuatro en la última década. Las cuatro eurociudades rayanas nacieron inicialmente mediante acuerdos entre municipios próximos, vinculados históricamente aunque pertenecientes a los dos estados ibéricos. En principio se basa en compartir recursos y sinergias para la promoción conjunta, pero con vocación, a largo plazo según proclaman sus responsables, de convertirse en una sola ciudad con un solo gobierno municipal.The Hispano-Portuguese border - referred to as «la Raya» in Spanish- has been usually considered as a demographical isolated paramo. Nevertheless, you must weigh against this reality that the 1200 km borderline is also as secular world of subtle and powerful cross-border relationships between cities. Nowadays, the Raya is one of less developed region of the European Community. For this reason, the EC, through European Regional Development Fund, is encouraging the foundation of several border-cross entities (regional and municipal. This cooperation may take the form of Eurocities formed by a couple or more European State borderline cities. In the past decade, four

  16. Perilaku Religiusitas dalam Ruwat

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    Sunarno Sunarno

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Ruwatan sebagai bentuk budaya lokal dengan dalang ruwat sebagai tokoh yang berperan utama dalam prosesi ritual ruwatan yang memiliki religiusitas dalam mengemban tugas ngruwat. Religiusitas dalang ruwat ini adalah religiusitas yang sangat sarat dan erat dengan Agami Jawi. Penelitian dalam skripsi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seperti apakah religiusitas dalang ruwat, dan bagaimanakah perilaku religiusitasnya. Pertanyaan penelitian ini secara operasional adalah Secara kognitif meliputi konsepsi keTuhanan, konsepsi tentang nabi, dan konsepsi kitab suci. Secara afektif, apakah ada pengalaman-pengalaman religiusitas, dan perasaan-perasaan religius. Sedangkan secara psikomotorik meliputi, seperti apakah bentuk ritual dalang ruwat, dan bagaimanakah perilaku religiusitas riil dalam hidup sehari-hari. Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah dalang ruwat berjumlah 2 orang, dengan karakteristik (a mereka yang telah lanjut usia, atau setidak-tidaknya dalang yang telah mengawinkan anaknya dalam arti mereka yang telah matang pengetahuannya dalam hal ruwatan; (b dalang yang keturunan Kyai Panjangmas. Tokoh ini merupakan dalang kenamaan pada zaman Sultan Agung di Mataram (1613-1643M; (c mereka yang mendapatkan kepercayaan dari masyarakat, dan (d berdomisili di Surakarta. Pengumpulan data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini peneliti menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi, catatan lapangan, angket data diri, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan peneliti adalah analisa induktif deskriptif. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah pertama, konsep keTuhanan dalang ruwat adalah konsep penghayatan terhadap Tuhan dengan tanpa adanya perpisahan antara seluruh alam semesta (panteisme. Kedua, nabi bagi dalang ruwat merupakan sosok yang sempurna. Ia memiliki kualitas-kualitas personal yang sempurna. Ketiga, seluruh alam raya adalah kitab suci Tuhan, karena seluruh jagad raya ini adalah emanasi Tuhan. Keempat, meditasi, samadhi, wening atau pujo broto

  17. Agrobacterium mediated transformation of brassica juncea (l.) czern with chitinase gene conferring resistance against fungal infections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmad, B.; Ambreen, S.; Khan, I.

    2015-01-01

    Brassica juncea (Czern and Coss., L.) is an important oilseed crop. Since it is attacked by several bacterial and fungal diseases, therefore, we developed an easy and simple protocol for the regeneration and transformation of B. juncea variety RAYA ANMOL to give rise to transgenic plants conferring resistance against various fungal diseases. The transformation was carried out using Agrobacterium with Chitinase gene. This gene was isolated from Streptomyces griseus HUT6037. We used two types of explants for transformation i.e. hypocotyls and cotyledons. Only hypocotyls explants showed good results regarding callus initiation. Different hormonal concentrations were applied i.e. BAP 2, 4 and 6 mgL-1 and NAA 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mgL-1. However, high transformation efficiency was observed by supplementing the medium with combination of 2 mgL-1 BAP and 0.2 mgL-1 for initiation of callus. Similarly 10 mgL-1 kanamycin and 200 mgL-1 cefotaxime also proved successful for the selection of transformed callus. In order to confirm the presence of transgenic callus Polymerase chain reaction was performed using specific primers for Chitinase gene. (author)

  18. A Markov random field image segmentation model for lizard spots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Gómez-Villa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La identificación de animales para estudio y conservación de la fauna puede ser realizada usando características de apariencia fenotípica como manchas, rayas o forma, teniendo la ventaja de que este enfoque no causa ningún daño al sujeto de estudio. Debido a que la identificación visual debe hacerse a través de la inspección, un experto revisa potencialmente cientos o miles de imágenes. En este trabajo se realiza un análisis con varios algoritmos clásicos de segmentación y preprocesamiento como: binarización, ecualización del histograma y corrección de la saturación. Contra los enfoques clásicos de segmentación, un modelo de segmentación basado en campos aleatorios de Markov para segmentación de manchas es propuesto y probado en imágenes ideales, estándares y desafiantes. Como sujeto de estudio es usado el lagarto Diploglossus millepunctatus. El método propuesto alcanzó una eficiencia máxima de 84,87%.

  19. Spatiotemporal characterization of current and future droughts in the High Atlas basins (Morocco)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zkhiri, Wiam; Tramblay, Yves; Hanich, Lahoucine; Jarlan, Lionel; Ruelland, Denis

    2018-02-01

    Over the past decades, drought has become a major concern in Morocco due to the importance of agriculture in the economy of the country. In the present work, the standardized precipitation index (SPI) is used to monitor the evolution, frequency, and severity of droughts in the High Atlas basins (N'Fis, Ourika, Rhéraya, Zat, and R'dat), located south of Marrakech city. The spatiotemporal characterization of drought in these basins is performed by computing the SPI with precipitation spatially interpolated over the catchments. The Haouz plain, located downstream of these basins, is strongly dependent on water provided by the mountain ranges, as shown by the positive correlations between the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) in the plain and the 3, 6, and 12-month SPI in the High Atlas catchments. On the opposite, no significant correlations are found with piezometric levels of the Haouz groundwater due to intensified pumping for irrigation in the recent decades. A relative SPI index was computed to evaluate the climate change impacts on drought occurrence, based on the projected precipitation (2006-2100) from five high-resolution CORDEX regional climate simulations, under two emission scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5). These models show a decrease in precipitation towards the future up to - 65% compared to the historical period. In terms of drought events, the future projections indicate a strong increase in the frequency of SPI events below - 2, considered as severe drought condition.

  20. The Effectiveness of Ameliorant to Increase Carbon Stock of Oilpalm and Rubber Plantation on Peatland

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    Ai Dariah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Application of peatland amelioration can improve soil quality, reduce GHG emissions, and increase carbon sequestration. The research aimed to study the effect of peatland amelioration on oil palm and rubber carbon stock improvement. Research was conducted from August 2013 until June 2014. The researches on oil palm were done in Arang-arang Village, Kumpeh Subdistrict, Muaro Jambi District, and in Lubuk Ogong Village, Bandar Seikijang Sub-district, Pelalawan District. Both sites are in Jambi and Riau Province. The research on rubber was done in Jabiren Village, Jabiren Raya Subdistrict, Pulang Pisau District, Central Kalimantan Province. The study used a Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD, in four treatments and four replications. The treatments were pugam (peat fertilizer enriched by polyvalent cation, manure; empty fruit bunch compost, and control (no application. The measurement of C stock was performed 10 months after application using nondestructive methods. The results showed that peatland amelioration treatments had no significant effect to improve C stock on oil palm in 6 years old and 7 years old of rubber. After 10 months of amelioration application, the treatments increased C - stock of oil palm and rubber were 2.1-2.4 Mg ha-1 and 5-11 Mg ha-1, respectively. Longer time observation may be needed to study the effect of ameliorant on C-stock of annual crops.

  1. Perceptions Towards Non-Value-Adding Activities During The Construction Process

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    Ismail Haryati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-value-adding activities are pure waste during the construction process. However, most of the construction practitioner does not realise that most of the activities performed during the construction process add no value to their project. A total of 375 numbers of questionnaires distributed to the Developer, Jabatan Kerja Raya, Consultants and Contractors. The study found that awareness by construction participants in Malaysia to take actions against non-value-adding activities during the construction process is relatively low. Through analysed by using the Pareto Chart, it has been found that defects and waiting time are two categories of non-value-adding activities that need to be prioritised by the industry. It is also found that non-value-adding activities most frequently occurred during structural and architectural work. This paper also reviewed on the causes of non-value-adding activities and discussed its effect towards time, cost, quality and productivity of the construction project. This paper is also important to give clearness and broader understandings on this form of waste other than material waste.

  2. Perhelatan kenduri sko sebagai sebuah pesan kebudayaan masyarakat Kerinci di taman nasional Kerinci Seblat

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    Asvic Helida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kerinci society is indigenous tribe Indonesia inhabit Kerinci District, Jambi. They have various art and traditional ceremony that still exist until recent times. Kenduri sko is a form of customary prayer one that was held annually as an act of gratitude to God almighty for different harvest product. A message Kenduri sko an oral culture that has lasted hearts long time and hereditary. The cultural ceremony contains precious message such as integration, familiarity, awareness, togetherness and openness that become a fundamental factors to philosophy development to indigenous villagers in Kerinci. to reveal traditional ceremony Kenduri Sko of Kerinci as an oral tradition that has been occured for years and to deliver messages behind such tradition. The study was conducted in Dusun Baru Lempur Gunung Raya Sub District, Kerinci District in the month in October 2013 for 3 months. The approach used was conducted qualitatively by observation method through in-depth interviews with leaders of indigenous communities. there are cultural message that shows knowledge and natural resource utilization wisely and the realization to preserve natural resources.

  3. PENYULUHAN METODE PAP SMEAR TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP WANITA TUNA SUSILA DALAM PENDETEKSIAN KANKER SERVIKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismi Wulandari AS

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Effectiveness Of Pap smear Test’s Counseling Regarding To The Level Of Knowledge And Behaviour In Prostitution Worker For Detection Of Cervical Cancer In Bintang Mas Kubu Raya 2014. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectivity of counseling toward knowledge and behavior. in prostitution worker about pap smear and cervical cancer. This research was quasi-experimental with one group pretest-postest design. There are 38 respondents. McNemar test showed there are significant. improvement of knowledge (p<0.05, and significance behavior change (p<0.05 in all respondents before and after counseling. Keyword : knowledge, behaviour, cervical cancer, pap smear Abstrak : Penyuluhan Metode Pap smear Terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Wanita Tuna Susila Dalam Pendeteksian Kanker Serviks. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk melihat efektivitas terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap melalui penyuluhan mengenai pap smear kepada para wanita tuna susila. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimental dengan rancangan one group pretest-postest design. Besar sampel berjumlah 38 orang. Hasil menunjukkan uji McNemar menunjukkan terdapat signifikansi yang bermakna untuk pengetahuan (p < 0,05 dan signifikansi untuk perubahan sikap (p<0.05 pada responden sebelum dan setelah penyuluhan. Kata kunci : pengetahuan, sikap, kanker serviks, pap smear

  4. DOKTRIN NASIONALISME DALAM NOVEL A. HASJMY

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    Wildan Wildan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses nationalism that has been portrayed in seven novels written by A. Hasjmy, an Acehnese writer. The novels are Melalui Jalan Raya Dunia (1938, Bermandi Cahaya Bulan (1939, Suara Azan dan Lonceng Gereja (1940, Nona Pressroom (1951, Elly Gadis Nica (1951, Meurah Djohan: Sultan Aceh Pertama (1976, and Tanah Merah: Digul Bumi Pahlawan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (1976. The aim of the study is to analyze doctrine of nationalism in the context of Indonesian politics. The main finding of this study shows that Indonesian nationalism is obviously well represented in the novels. This finding is contrary to the public opinion that most of the Acehnese are supporters of the separatist movement, i.e. Acehnese nationalism. Thus, in portraying the nationalism, A. Hasjmy has exploited certain writing techniques in his novels, such as epistolary, speeches, diary, poems and footnotes to camouflage its doctrines and missions. With these findings, the significance of this study is it could elucidate academically that not every Acehnese agrees with the idea of Aceh separatism.

  5. ELECTRICITY-FREE PRODUCTION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM BIOMASS IN BORNEO TO IMPROVE WATER QUALITY

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    Yasutaka Sasaki,

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Activated carbons (ACs were prepared from biomass of Borneo island (wood charcoal, peat, and coconut husk by using an electricity–free furnace, of which the energy source was exclusively wood charcoal. This furnace was comprised of two parts, an inner vessel equipped with water inlet for steam activation and an outer shell as a heating part for the inner vessel. The inside temperature of the inner vessel was able to reach over 1000 oC. Peat and wood charcoal were converted to AC by carbonization followed by steam activation, and the specific BET surface areas of resultant ACs were 889 m2/g and 749 m2/g, respectively. A mobile apparatus for water purification was newly designed and fabricated with the resultant AC, together with a white quartz sand, which is called keranggas in Kalimantan. The CODOH of both polluted creek water by the University of Palangka Raya and Kahayan River water were remarkably decreased by the purification with the designed apparatus from 20.0 mgO/L to 0.93 mgO/L, and 18.2 mgO/L to 0.74 mgO/L, respectively. Thus, the newly designed furnace and purification apparatus were shown to be highly effective tools to produce a promising agent for water purification and to produce clarified water without use of electricity, respectively.

  6. Optimization of an Efficient Non-Tissue Culture Transformation Method for Brassica Juncea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naeem, I.; Munir, I.; Iqbal, A.; Ullah, F.

    2016-01-01

    The major hurdles in successful in vitro transformation of Brassica juncea through standard tissue culture (STC) method are: culture contamination, somaclonal variations, and lack of expertise. Moreover, the current STC method is time consuming and needs continuous electricity. In the present study, the in planta transformation method through floral dip with or without vacuum infiltration was optimized for successful transformation of B. juncea. The B. juncea CV RAYA Anmol was used for transformation through Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain GV3101 harboring the binary vector plasmid pBinGlyBar4-EADcT. Based on the resistance reaction to the herbicide Basta, 20 and 40 resistant seedlings were obtained from 2000 seed germinated from the plants transformed through floral dip and vacuum infiltration methods, respectively. The PCR analyses further confirmed the presence of transgene in 3 floral dipped plants without vacuum infiltration and 17 floral dipped plants with vacuum infiltration, giving the transformation frequencies of 1.5*10/sup -3/ and 8.5*10/sup -3/, respectively. This method, which avoids tissue culture, will reduce the somaclonal variation accompanying prolonged culture of cells in a dedifferentiated state, will facilitate functional genomics and improvement of Brassica juncea with novel desirable traits while reducing time and expense. (author)

  7. STRATEGY OF PROMOTING LIBRARIAN’S PERFORMANCE IN CREATING USER’S SATISFACTION IN NATIONAL LIBRARY OF INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Masykuri

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to determine the influence of the corporate culture, employee empowerment, librarianship training and work ethics towards employee performance (case study in National Library of Indonesia Jl. Salemba Raya 28 A Jakarta, UPT Bung Karno Library in Blitar, and UPT Bung Hatta Library in Bukit Tinggi. The research approach is using quantitave method with path analysis. Sampling techniques is simple random sampling with a representative sample of 124 librarians. The data was collected through a Likert type structured questionaire toward variables. The next step is to test the validity by using the Pearson Product Moment test analysis and Realibility test by using Cronbach Alpha test and then the data was analyzed as requirement of statistic test; normality test error with Lilliefors, homogenity test and tests of significance and linearity of regression coefficients. The result such as: 1. Corporate culture, employee empowerment, librarianship training and work ethic has direct positive and significant effects towards performance. 2. Corporate culture and employee empowerment has direct positive and significant effects towards work ethic. 3. Employee empowerment has direct positive effects, but not significant to work ethics. Research implication showed the important of policy and chief regulatory about strengthen corporate culture, librarian empowerment equality and enhancement librarianship training.

  8. Caracterización parcial de un potexvirus aislado de Musa coccinea afectada por rayado necrótico en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reichel Helena

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Se observaron síntomas de rayado necrótico en las hojas de una planta de Musa coccinea (banano escarlata, procedente de Antioquia (Colombia. Mediante inmunocaptura, transcripción reversa y reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (IC-RT-PCR, se amplificó un fragmento de aproximadamente 377 pares de bases, con una identidad de secuencia de aminoácidos de 57% con el gen de la cubierta proteica del Alstroemeria virus X [AlsVX, AB206396] del género Potexvirus. Este es el primer reporte de un potexvirus en M. coccinea. El análisis comparativo de la 3'UTR del potexvirus aislado de M. coccinea con el correspondiente del AlsVX muestra que estos dos virus difieren significativamente en esta región, lo que sugiere que el potexvirus aislado de M. coccinea en Colombia es una nueva especie del género Potexvirus. Se propone el nombre de virus de la raya necrótica del banano escarlata (Scarlet banana necrotic streak virus [SBanNSV] para este virus aislado de M. coccinea en Colombia.

  9. Pemodelan Lokasi-Alokasi Terminal Bahan Baku untuk Meminimasi Total Biaya Rantai Pasok pada Industri Produk Jadi Rotan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuniaristanto .

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In Surakarta and its surroundings (Solo Raya, there exists more than 400 Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs that produce finished products of rattan. Due to the high procurement cost as total operational cost of raw rattan distribution network from the sources, e.g. Borneo and Celebes to the rattan industries, the competitiveness of their products is lower than products from other countries. Therefore, to overcome the problem, those costs should be reduced for example by aggregating the demand of rattan industries. This police needs to be supported by the warehouse for storing and distributing raw rattan. Hence, this research aims to develop a facility location-allocation model so that total supply chain costs, including raw rattan procurement costs as well as facilities opening and closing costs can be minimized. The location-allocation model will be presented in a mixed integer non-linear programming model and solved using MS-Excel Solver. The results are number and location of the warehouse along with the raw rattan allocation in the warehouse to ensure raw rattan supply for rattan industries.

  10. Kritik Atas Modernitas Dalam Novel Bilangan Fu Karya Ayu Utami

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    Bramantio Bramantio

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap kritik atas modernitas dalam novel Bilangan Fu karya Ayu Utami. Dengan memanfaatkan naratologi Tzvetan Todorov, dapat dipahami aspek verbal Bilangan Fu, yaitu sudut pandang, pencerita, dan tuturannya. Berdasarkan penceritaannya, novel ini merupakan novel polifonik, karnivalistik, sekaligus metafiksi. Berdasarkan kontennya, novel ini menghadirkan sejumlah kritik atas modernitas, khususnya berkaitan dengan semangat modernitas yang cenderung melihat segala sesuatu secara monodimensional, hanya ada satu kebenaran, dan liyan diabaikan. Bilangan Fu merupakan novel yang merefleksikan zamannya. Novel ini berhasil menyegarkan cara pandang masyarakat Indonesia, atau setidaknya menghadirkan sesuatu untuk dipikirkan dan dipertimbangkan kembali, berkaitan dengan diri, lingkungan, dan semesta raya. Novel ini mengembalikan manusia ke hakikatnya, yaitu kemanusiaan. Abstract: This article aims to reveal criticism on modernity in Ayu Utami’s novel Bilangan Fu. Tzvetan Todorov’s theory of narrative provided a framework to understand the novel’s verbal aspects, which are point of view, narrator, dan its voice. Based on its narrative, this novel is polyphonic, carnivalistic, and metafictional. Based on its content, it presents criticism on modernity, particularly on spirit of modernity that tends to see everything in monodimensional; there is only one truth, and the other is ignored. Bilangan Fu is a novel that reflects its time. It successfully refreshes the perspective of Indonesian society, or at least brings something to think about, related to the self, environment, and the universe. In the end, it brings back human being to their core, their humanity. Key Words: novel; point of view; narrator; criticism; modernity

  11. Interacciones de pesquerías ribereñas en Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel A. Ojeda Ruiz de la Peña

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de aportar al desarrollo de un modelo conceptual sobre la pesca ribereña o artesanal en el área de Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur, se jerarquizó la importancia de 14 pesquerías de la región. La calificación se basó en un análisis cualitativo por puntos y en la estimación de un índice de importancia relativa, con indicadores como los promedios de captura, valor y frecuencia de registro de especies objetivo en desembarcos de embarcaciones menores, de 1998 a 2009; entre ellas están: almeja catarina, escama, camarón, callo de hacha, tiburón, jaiba, calamar, almeja pata de mula, rayas, lisa, pulpo, abulón, langosta y caracol chino. La interacción temporal entre varias de ellas es controlada por vedas oficiales, pero cuando ocurre se reconocen posibles efectos por pesca incidental e ilegal y modificaciones al ecosistema.

  12. Pemanfaatan Hasil Eksplorasi Plasmanutfah Jeruk Nusantara

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    Emi Budiyati

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia memiliki keanekaragaman  jenis jeruk unggul  lokal maupun nasional   yang tersebar diseluruh nusantara dari sabang sampai merauke,  dan berpotensi  dikembangkan serta didayagunakan untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan, khususnya untuk memenuhi kebutuhan vitamin dan mineral masyarakat seiring  dengan bertambahnya penduduk yang terus meningkat dari tahun ketahun.  Penelitian  bertujuan untuk identifikasi hasil eksplorasi plasmanutfah jeruk nusantara  berdasarkan kemanfaatan sesuai jenisnya.  Penelitian dilakukan dari tahun 2010 -2013  diseluruh daerah sentra jeruk  Maluku Utara, Maluku tenggara,  Kalimantan Timur, dan Jawa Timur. Metodologi dengan  survei  dan exploratif,  kordinasi dengan Diperta, BPTP, Kebun Raya LIPI serta wawancara dengan penduduk lokal.  Hasil penelitian telah mendapat 30 Asesi Jeruk yang terdiri  citrus  reculata, citrus maxima,  citrus  ambicarpha dan   citrus aurantivolia dan  Menjadi  3 macam jenis berdasarkan pemanfaatannya  yaitu sebagai  buah segar (Pamelo, Keprok dan Manis, olahan dan jenis  biofarmaka (Nipis. Nipis Jumbo, Jerpaya, dan  Jari Buda membukaKata kunci:   buah, eksplorasi, jeruk, plasmanutfah, varietas

  13. A new species of Acanthobothrium (Eucestoda: Onchobothriidae) in Aetobatus cf. narinari (Myliobatidae) from Campeche, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Ibarra, Erick; Pulido-Flores, Griselda; Violante-González, Juan; Monks, Scott

    2018-01-01

    The helminthological examination of nine individuals of Aetobatus cf. narinari (spotted eagle ray; raya pinta; arraia pintada) revealed the presence of an undescribed species of cestode of the genus Acanthobothrium. The stingrays were collected from four locations in México: Laguna Términos, south of Isla del Carmen and the marine waters north of Isla del Carmen and Champotón, in the State of Campeche, and Isla Holbox, State of Quintana Roo. The new species, nominated Acanthobothrium marquesi, is a category 3 species (i.e, the strobila is long, has more than 50 proglottids, the numerous testicles greater than 80, and has asymmetrically-lobed ovaries); at the present, the only category 3 species that has been reported in the Western Atlantic Ocean is Acanthobothrium tortum. Acanthobothrium marquesi n. sp. can be distinguished from A. tortum by length (26.1 cm vs. 10.6 cm), greater number of proglottids (1,549 vs. 656), a larger scolex (707 µm long by 872 µm wide vs. 699 µm long by 665 µm wide), larger bothridia (626 µm long by 274 µm wide vs. 563 µm long by 238 µm wide). This is the first report of a species of Acanthobothrium from the Mexican coast of the Gulf México.

  14. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOKAN JAGUNG ASALAN PADA CV AMIN DI LAMPUNG TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmad Budiono

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu komoditi palawija yang memiliki peranan yang penting di Indonesia adalah jagung, karena merupakan sumber protein dan kalori yang sangat dibutuhkan oleh ayam peternak. Pengiriman yang belum tepat waktu merupakan penyebab belum efisiennya kinerja rantai pasokan jagung. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 mengidentifikasi dan mengkaji pengelolaan rantai pasokan jagung pada CV. AMIN, (2 menganalisis kinerja rantai pasokan jagung dalam hal efisiensi dan pelaksanaan kemitraan, dan (3 menganalisis alternatif kebijakan pengembangan manajemen rantai pasokan berdasarkan hasil evaluasi rantai pasokan.Penelitian akan dilakukan di CV. AMIN, Jl. Raya Merapi, Lampung Tengah dan petani mitra yang berada di kabupaten Nganjuk. Penelitian mengenai manajemen rantai pasokan Jagung tersebut dilakukan pada bulan Desember 2012 hingga Januari 2013. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi. Responden dalam penelitian ini adalah petani jagung yang berada di Nganjuk, Pengepul, pihak CV. AMIN, dan Gudang Ternak. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode analisis deskriptif kerangka Food Supply Chain Networking (FSCN, analisis tataniaga, dan analisis deskriptif dengan menggunakan kesesuaian atribut.

  15. Profile of Scientific Ability of Chemistry Education Students in Basic Physics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suastika, K. G.; Sudyana, I. N.; Lasiani, L.; Pebriyanto, Y.; Kurniawati, N.

    2017-09-01

    The weakness of scientific ability of students in college has been being a concern in this case, especially in terms of laboratory activities to support Laboratory Based Education. Scientific ability is a basic ability that must be dominated by students in basic physics lecturing process as a part of scientific method. This research aims to explore the indicators emergence of the scientific ability of students in Chemistry Education of Study Program, Faculty of Teaching and Education University of Palangka Raya through Inquiry Based Learning in basic physics courses. This research is a quantitative research by using descriptive method (descriptive-quantitative). Students are divided into three categories of group those are excellent group, low group, and heterogeneous group. The result shows that the excellent group and low group have same case that were occured decreasing in the percentage of achievement of scientific ability, while in heterogeneous group was increased. The differentiation of these results are caused by enthusiastic level of students in every group that can be seen in tables of scientific ability achievement aspects. By the results of this research, hoping in the future can be a references for further research about innovative learning strategies and models that can improve scientific ability and scientific reasoning especially for science teacher candidates.

  16. ANALYZE CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS AND SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE IN PHYSICS LEARNING USED INQUIRY TRAINING AND DIRECT INSTRUCTION LEARNING MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dede Parsaoran Damanik

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the differences: (1 the difference of critical thinking skills of students' that using Inquiry Training and Direct Instruction. (2 The difference of critical thinking skills among students who at high scientific attitude and students who at low scientific attitude. (3 To see if there is interaction between inquiry learning model of the scientific attitude students' to increase the ability to critical thinking. This is a quasi experimental research. Which students of private junior high school Two Raya Kahean District Simalungun. Population choose random sample of each class. Instrument used consisted of: (1 test the scientific attitude of students through a questionnaire with 25 statements questionnaire number (2 test the critical thinking skills in the form of descriptions by 9 questions. The data were analyzed according to ANAVA. It showed that: (1 There are differences in students' critical thinking of skills achievement Inquiry Training model and Direct Instruction model, (2 there was a difference of students' critical thinking in scientific attitude at high is better than who thought there is a difference of students' critical thinking in scientific attitude at low. (3 There was no interaction between Inquiry Training model and Direct Instruction with the scientific attitude students' to increase student’s critical thinking of skills.

  17. Morphology and Anatomy Characteristic of Pisang Awak (Musa paradisiaca cv. Awak in West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Sunandar

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is the origin and center of diversity of banana. One of an edible banana in Indonesia is Pisang Awak (Musa paradisiaca cv. Awak . In West Kalimantan, the ripe Pisang Awak has been processed into sale (dried banana. The aims of this research were to describe the morphological and anatomical character of Pisang Awak in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. In this study, Pisang Awak were collected from Padang Tikar I village, Batu Ampar Sub-district, Kubu Raya district, West Kalimantan. Morphological characterizations were conducted by following the instruction on Descriptors for Banana (Musa spp. from IPGRI. The root, leaf blade, and petiole were fixed in FAA solution. Root, leaf, and petiole anatomy preparats were made by paraffin method. The lamina of Pisang Awak consisted of adaxial epidermis, two hypodermis layers, two palisade layers, spongy layer, bundle sheath cell, abaxial epidermis, laticifer. The petiole of Pisang Awak composed of three tissue systems, i.e., epidermis layer, parenchyma tissue and vascular tissue. The root of Pisang Awak consists of two epidermis layers, parenchyma and vascular cylinder. In the future, morphological and anatomical character in Pisang Awak could be applied as the basis of information for breeding programs of banana cultivars and classification.

  18. A new species of Acanthobothrium (Eucestoda: Onchobothriidae in Aetobatus cf. narinari (Myliobatidae from Campeche, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick Rodríguez-Ibarra

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The helminthological examination of nine individuals of Aetobatus cf. narinari (spotted eagle ray; raya pinta; arraia pintada revealed the presence of an undescribed species of cestode of the genus Acanthobothrium. The stingrays were collected from four locations in México: Laguna Términos, south of Isla del Carmen and the marine waters north of Isla del Carmen and Champotón, in the State of Campeche, and Isla Holbox, State of Quintana Roo. The new species, nominated Acanthobothrium marquesi, is a category 3 species (i.e, the strobila is long, has more than 50 proglottids, the numerous testicles greater than 80, and has asymmetrically-lobed ovaries; at the present, the only category 3 species that has been reported in the Western Atlantic Ocean is Acanthobothrium tortum. Acanthobothrium marquesi n. sp. can be distinguished from A. tortum by length (26.1 cm vs. 10.6 cm, greater number of proglottids (1,549 vs. 656, a larger scolex (707 µm long by 872 µm wide vs. 699 µm long by 665 µm wide, larger bothridia (626 µm long by 274 µm wide vs. 563 µm long by 238 µm wide. This is the first report of a species of Acanthobothrium from the Mexican coast of the Gulf México.

  19. Pengaruh Sistem Pengapian Terhadap Produk Gas Buang yang Dihasilkan oleh Motor Toyota Type 5K

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paryono Paryono

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Salah platina dan elektronik pada satu faktor yang menyebabkan polusi udara di sekitar kita adalah gas buang hasil pembakaran bahan bakar dan udara yang ditimbulkan oleh banyaknya kendaraan di jalan raya. Selain itu dalam rangka era globalisasi semua produsen kendaraan bermotor dituntut untuk bersaing lebih ketat dalam memproduksi kendaraan yang praktis, ekonomis, dan selalu memperhatikan aspek lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan produk emisi gas buang yang teridiri dari carbon hidrogen, carbon monoksida, dan oksigen yang dihasilkan oleh kendaraan bermotor Toyota 5K yang menggunakan sistem pengapian saat putaran rendah, menengah, dan tinggi. Sebagai objek penelitian digunakan motor Toyota 5K. Hasil yang diperoleh dari pengujian menunjukkan bahwa putaran motor dan sistem pengapian ada iteraksi yang signifikan dengan F rasio = 96,966 pada p < 0,05 terhadap emisi gas buang HC dan F rasio = 12, 801 pada p < 0,05 terhadap emisi gas buang CO. Hal ini berarti bahwa pada berbagai putaran motor, produk emisi gas buang paa sistem pengapian elektronik lebih rendah daripada sistem pengapian konvensional.

  20. PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN MELALUI PEMBUDIDAYAAN TANAMAN SAYURAN DALAM POT BERBASIS APLIKASI TEKNOLOGI BOKASHI ECENG GONDOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusti Irya Ichriani Kambang Vetrani Asie Siti Zubaidah, Dan Syahrudin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Vegetables cultivation in the pot based on Eichhornia crassipes bokashi technology application is the activity toempower women synergized with the natural resources around them. The purposed of IbM program implementationwere (1 empower and provide skills to the women group in order to utilize of natural resources (Eichhorniacrassipes, sawdust and alluvial soil and obtain vitamines, minerals and fiber for households through the vegetablescultivation in the pot and utilization of Eichhornia crassipes bokashi as growing mixture media; (2 as effort tosave on household spending and to creating entrepreneurship. This program was carried out with two groupsof women (the RW I women group and RW II women group from Cemara Labat, Palangka Raya, Central ofKalimantan. Socialization, training and coaching about cultivation of vegetables in the pot and making of Eichhorniacrassipes bokashi has given the ability and skills to the women group for utilizing natural resources around them.This IbM programme has sustainability. It is caused the women groups from RW I and RW II Cemara Labatwant to continue planting vegetables in the pot using Eichhornia crassipes bokashi, to meet needs of householdvegetables daily and it has raised a family entrepreneurship.

  1. PAGAR UNTUK MENGURANGI INTRUSI POLUSI DEBU HALUS KE DALAM BANGUNAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas J. Scanlon

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of fence in reducing particulate matter concentration from street traffic to adjacent buildings (i.e. houses were studied by using computational fluid dynamics. A variety of fence property: porosity, height,positions relative to the house and wind direction were investigated related to a constant set of weather data of a hot-humid country (i.e. Indonesia. This investigation shows that a solid fence, which is close proximity to the building, will give a considerable particulate matter reduction carried by an oblique wind direction of up to 11%. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Ide dasar bahwa penyebaran suatu zat dapat dikurangi atau dihalangi dengan sistem bloking diuji dengan menggunakan metode komputasi dinamika fluida (CFD. Keragaman kondisi fisik pembatas antara sumber zat dan penerima zat meliputi : kerapatan, besaran (tinggi dan panjang, perletakan terhadap bangunan/jalan dan arah angin diuji pengaruhnya terhadap kemampuan mengurangi penyebaran debu halus dari jalan raya ke dalam bangunan yang lokasinya berdekatan dengan jalan tersebut. Kondisi cuaca yang menyertai pengujian dikhususkan pada kondisi iklim tropis lembab. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa pagar pembatas yang terbuat dari bahan dengan kerapatan 100% mampu mengurangi penyebaran debu halus di balik pagar sampai 11 %. Kata kunci: konsentrasi debu halus, pagar pembatas, kerapatan, jarak halaman, bangunan, CFD.

  2. Analysis on factors affecting household customers decision in using electricity at peak time and its correlation towards saving electricity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasasa, Linus; Marbun, Parlin; Mariza, Ita

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study and analyse the factors affecting customer decisions in using electricity at peak-load hours (between 17.00 to 22.00 WIB) and their behaviors towards electricity conservation in Indonesian household. The underlying rationale is to influence a reduction in energy consumption by stimulating energy saving behaviors, thereby reducing the impact of energy use on the environment. How is the correlation between the decisions in using electricity during peak load hours with the household customer's behavior towards saving electricity? The primary data is obtained by distributing questionnaires to customers of PT. PLN Jakarta Raya and Tangerang Distribution from Household segment. The data is analysed using the Structural Equation Model (SEM) and AMOS Software. The research is finding that all factors (Personal, Social, PLN Services, Psychological, and Cultural) are positively influence customer decision in using electricity at peak load hours. There is a correlation between the decisions in using electricity during peak load hours with the household customer's behavior towards saving electricity.

  3. THE EFFECTS OF TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING ON STUDENTS’ ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A’am Rifaldi Khunaifi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study is directed to find out whether teaching critical thinking affects the writing ability of argumentative essay. This research employed quasi experimental design as it was intended to measure the effects of the strategy on the students’ ability in writing argumentative essay. The samples of the study were the students of class A and B enrolled in the seventh semester of the English Education Department of State Islamic College of Palangka Raya. To collect the data needed, it was used test as the instrument; it was Academic Writing for IELTS Test. The data were processed and analyzed by using SPSS 19.0 statistic technique of independent t-test and paired-sample t-test, and the analized data were concluded. From the result of the test, the independent t-test calculation in posttest scores in both groups shows that the significance value is higher than level of significance (0.194 > 0.05. It indicates that there is no significant difference between experimental and control groups. Moreover, the paired t-test calculation shows the result of paired sample test (0.000 < 0.05 in which there is a significant difference between pretest and posttest scores in experimental group after having treatments. Keywords: critical thinking, writing ability, argumentative essay

  4. Del Rhin al Suárez o el viaje de Lengerke por los caminos de la Civilización y la “Barbarie”

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    Álvaro Neil Franco Zambrano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del presente ensayo es abordar la novela “La otra raya del tigre” de Pedro Gómez Valderrama, desde una perspectiva que enfatiza la crisis de la modernidad y la literatura de viajes característica del siglo XIX. De tal manera, que conceptos como modernización económica, ciudad, liberalismo, colonización, feudalismo y civilización, junto con la visión del crítico moderno Néstor García Canclini y la percepción que Carmen Elisa Acosta tiene sobre los viajeros decimonónicos, son de vital importancia para comprender el itinerario del presente texto por la naturaleza exótica de Santander, por los caminos amarillos salidos de las entrañas de Van Gogh, por la fatalidad de las mujeres con alma de escorpión, por la hibridación de las culturas, especialmente la alemana y la santandereana, y por el lenguaje que destaca la tradición oral de los llamados pingos.

  5. The implementation of Moodle platform through lecturer’s perspectives at English department

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    Tazkiyatunnafs Elhawwa

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Information and Communication Technology is now becoming an essential part of everyday life of most people in the world. This paper analysed the main functionalities and tools available in the Moodle platform and their use through lecturer’s perspectives at English Department of IAIN Palangka Raya. This  study belongs to descriptive qualitative research. In the present study, teachers are expected to implement the Moodle platform of Information, Communication and Technology (ICT in EFL classes, and make the Moodle platform of ICT becoming a complement to conventional teaching in EFL classrooms, especially when developing listening, reading and writing skills in English. The results showed that the Moodle platform contains some of the main tools of the standard Moodle platform like assignments, chats, forums, news and quiz/survey. The most the students purposes of the use of the Moodle platform were ‘download materials’, ‘news’ and ‘deliver assignments’, and the most used information materials are ‘texts’ and ‘slides’.

  6. PENGARUH TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL DAN PENGEMBANGANNYA DALAM PERILAKU MENGGUNAKAN CORE BANKING SYSTEM

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    Dessanti Putri Sekti Ari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the antecedents that affected the acceptance of individuals in using theCore Banking System through the constructs Technology Acceptance Model and its development. Constructsused in this study were perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude, social influences, behavioral inten-tion, facilitating conditions, and behavior. Data were collected through survey methods. The samples of thisstudy were employees working in commercial banks in Malang Raya. This study used 136 respondents and wasanalyzed by smart PLS. The result of this study was that the construct of perceived usefulness and perceived easeof use in the Technology Acceptance Model affected attitude and behavior. Attitude and behavior in the Technol-ogy Acceptance Model and social influence which was the development of the Technology Acceptance Modelaffected behavioral intention to use the Core Banking System, as well as the construct of behavioral intention inTechnology Acceptance Model affected behavior, whereas construct of facilitating conditions which was thedevelopment of the Technology Acceptance Model did not affect the behavior on using the Core Banking System.

  7. IMPROVING THE STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION ABILITY THROUGH SQ3R STRATEGY

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    Sabarun Sabarun

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study is aimed at improving the students’ reading comprehension ability in reading English class using SQ3R strategy, which refers to a reading technique covering a five step system developed by Francis P Robinson. Each of the steps stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and Review. The study employed Classroom Action Research design. The subjects of the study were four of third semester students of the English Department of Palangka Raya State Islamic College of 2009/ 2010 academic year. The study was carried out in two cycles by following the four steps of action research: planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. Each cycle consisted of one meeting focusing pre-reading, whilst reading and post reading. The data of the study are taken from the results of observation checklists, field notes, and the students’ reading score. The result of the study showed that SQ3R strategy could improve the students’ reading comprehension ability. It could be seen from the improvement of the students’ reading scores. The students were actively involved in reading class and they were highly motivated to attend the SQ3R reading class. Keywords: improving, SQ3R strategy, reading comprehension ability

  8. Developing Guided Worksheet for Cognitive Apprenticeship Approach in teaching Formal Definition of The Limit of A Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oktaviyanthi, R.; Dahlan, J. A.

    2018-04-01

    This study aims to develop student worksheets that correspond to the Cognitive Apprenticeship learning approach. The main subject in this student worksheet is Functions and Limits with the branch of the main subject is Continuity and Limits of Functions. There are two indicators of the achievement of this learning that are intended to be developed in the student worksheet (1) the student can explain the concept of limit by using the formal definition of limit and (2) the student can evaluate the value of limit of a function using epsilon and delta. The type of research used is development research that refers to the development of Plomp products. The research flow starts from literature review, observation, interviews, work sheet design, expert validity test, and limited trial on first-year students in academic year 2016-2017 in Universitas Serang Raya, STKIP Pelita Pratama Al-Azhar Serang, and Universitas Mathla’ul Anwar Pandeglang. Based on the product development result obtained the student worksheets that correspond to the Cognitive Apprenticeship learning approach are valid and reliable.

  9. In Vitro Screening for Drought Tolerance in Different Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench Varieties

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    Yohannes Tsago

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Drought is one of the complex environmental factors affecting growth and yield of sorghum in arid and semi-arid areas of the world. Sixteen elite sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L Moench genotypes were evaluated for their genetic potential to drought tolerance at callus induction and plant regeneration stage for drought tolerance. The non-ionic water soluble polymer polyethylene glycol (PEG of molecular weight 6000 was used as osmoticum to simulate water stress. The factorial experiment was laid down in a completely randomized design which comprised of a combination of two factors (genotypes and five PEG stress level; 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% (w/v treatments. Data were recorded for callus induction efficiency, callus fresh weight, embryogenic callus percentage and plant regeneration percentage. Significant differences were observed among the genotypes, treatments and their interactions for the evaluated plant traits suggesting a great amount of variability for drought tolerance in sorghum. The correlation analysis also revealed strong and significant association between embryogenic callus percent and plant regeneration percent as well as between embryogenic callus percent and plant regeneration percent. By taking into consideration all the measured traits, Mann Whitney rank sum test revealed that 76T1#23 and Teshale followed by Meko, Gambella-1107 and Melkam showed better drought stress tolerance. Therefore they are recommended to be used as parents for genetic analysis, gene mapping and improvement of drought tolerance while Chelenko, Hormat and Raya appear to be drought sensitive.

  10. Potensi Lumpur Sawit (SOLID Sebagai Pakan Ruminansia di Kabupaten Pelalawan Provinsi Riau

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    Kodri Yanto

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Potential of palm oil’s waste (solid as ruminant feed in Pelalawan district of Riau Province ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to know potential of solid waste in Pelalawan district, Riau province. Research was carried out from December 2007 – January 2008 in Pelalawan district by using 4 factories of Elaeis guineensis (PKS. The four factories that were used for data collection were PT. Multi Palma Sejahtera (MPS, PT. Inti Indo Sawit Subur (IIS, PT. Sinar Agro Raya (SAR and PT. Musim Mas (MM. The results of study showed that solid waste in Pelalawan district of Riau province had a great potential. Production of solid waste in Pelalawan district was around 76.176 tons/year and carrying capacity was 5.132 animals unit. Farmers will use solid waste at large quantity if they raise livestock in commercially, for instance for fattening purpose. The strategies which can be applied to maximize solid waste utilization are through partnership between farmers and factories or local government pihak PKS.

  11. SINERGISME PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA LOKAL DAN PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK IBU-IBU DI DESA LAMUNTI PERMAI A1 KAWASAN EKS PLG KALIMANTAN TENGAH

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    GUSTI IRYA ICHRIANI, dkk.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This Community Service was conducted in conjunction to the IbM programme DP2M DIKTI 2013 with the women groups of Lamunti Permai Kawasan Ex PLG, sub distric Mentangai, District Kapuas, Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan. The purposes of IbM programme (1 assist local communities in order to empower the surrounding natural resources, namely pineapple and (2 provide the skills of women to cultivate pineapple into processed food products which can become be a business opportunity for them. In late the IbM program, the group of women partners are skilled making, packing and labeling of processed pineapple products. Processed pineapple products are made in the form of crackers and wetcandied pineapples. The products were introduced to the outside Lamunti Permai. The problems encountered were the standard product could not be done in the distant location for marketing which led to increase the production costs, and moreover the production license that does not exist so that consumer confidence in processed food products is still low. Keywords: pineapple crackers, pineapple candied

  12. Groundwater investigation at Mbuit village, West Manggarai regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suharji; Muhammad Nurdin; Adhika Junara Karunianto; Sartapa; Slamet Sudarto

    2013-01-01

    West Manggarai Regency is a new regency as a result of regional development of Manggarai-Raya Regency. Based on information from the local mining service authorities dealing with groundwater, Mbuit village undergo clean water shortages in the dry season. One alternative to overcome the water shortages is the use of groundwater. The investigation of groundwater is intended to determine the characteristics of the geology, hydrogeology and characteristics of the electrical properties of the subsurface rocks which required to determine the potential rock layers that containing groundwater (aquifers). To achieve these objectives carried out the topography measurement, collecting data of geological/hydrogeology, and electrical resistivity measurement. Based on result of observations, analysis of the surface geological survey and supported by subsurface resistivity data in the investigation area, the potential aquifer is found. The aquifers potential has been found in a fractured aquifer system, in the northern of investigation region and distributed relatively west-east. The best aquifer is found in the line C at the point C15–C17, line G at the point G17–G18 (Humpung village), line D at the point D14–D17, line E at the point E14–E19 (Tureng village) with a resistivity value of 5–43 Ωm and the depth of 50–120 meters. (author)

  13. KAJIAN POLA SIRKULASI UNTUK SEKTOR INFORMAL DI RUANG TERBUKA PUBLIK KORIDOR YOS SUDARSO KOTA PALANGKARAYA

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    Noor Hamidah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This street Yos Sudarso is an important part of Palangka Raya urban growth  history (Cilik Riwut, 1971. This research objective is to find of method for design of circulation pattern and architecture landscape for informal sector in along for Yos Sudarso Street. The output is this research will be able to approve how is important of public open space, ecology and infrastructure. This research method will use literature review, field observation, interview and quesioner. This research had been done in last year with focus in function of public open space. The stage of this research consist of: 1 preparation; 2literature review; 3 analysis; 4 concept of public open space, concept of circulation pattern and concept of sector informal in public open space. This research will give information of physic consist of: (a Design of circulation pattern in public open space; (b design of parking area and pedestrian; (c design building of informal sector  (d design ofstreet furniture in public open space. Non-physic will give information consist of: (a social aspect; (b economy aspect dan (c ecology aspect.

  14. Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Palm Plantations and their Implications for Biofuel Production in Indonesia

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    Krystof Obidzinski

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the development of oil palm with linkages to biofuel in Indonesia and analyzes the associated environmental and socioeconomic impacts. We selected three plantation study sites in West Papua (Manokwari, West Kalimantan (Kubu Raya, and Papua (Boven Digoel to assess the impacts. Research findings indicate that the development of oil palm in all three sites has caused deforestation, resulting in significant secondary external impacts such as water pollution, soil erosion, and air pollution. In terms of social impacts, many stakeholder groups, i.e., employees, out-growers, and investing households, report significant gains. However, we found these benefits were not evenly distributed. Other stakeholders, particularly traditional landowners, experienced restrictions on traditional land use rights and land losses. We observed increasing land scarcity, rising land prices, and conflicts over land in all sites. Three major trade-offs are associated with the development of oil palm plantations, including those related to biofuels: unevenly distributed economic benefits are generated at the cost of significant environmental losses; there are some winners but also many losers; and economic gains accrue at the expense of weak rule of law. To reduce the negative impacts and trade-offs of oil palm plantations and maximize their economic potential, government decision makers need to restrict the use of forested land for plantation development, enforce existing regulations on concession allocation and environmental management, improve monitoring of labor practices, recognize traditional land use rights, and make land transfer agreements involving customary land more transparent and legally binding.

  15. Revitalización y promoción de la Ruta del Duero: las iniciativas de excelencia y las propuestas innovadoras

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    Luis Alfonso Hortelano Mínguez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El río Duero constituye el eje natural que articula el territorio de la Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León porque surca de este a oeste toda la región, desde sus fuentes hasta la «raya» hispano-portuguesa, y ha condicionado históricamente las relaciones meridianas. Además, las tierras castellanoleonesas se identifican con la cuenca fluvial del Duero, excepto unas pequeñas zonas de los bordes que desagüan a los ríos del Norte, Ebro y Tajo. Las orientaciones emanadas de las instituciones europeas, en el umbral del siglo XXI, proponen una gestión compartida de los recursos naturales y culturales de la «eurorregión» del Duero/Douro. En este nuevo marco de cooperación transfronteriza juegan un papel esencial los proyectos vinculados a un turismo sostenible y de calidad. La propuesta de un aprovechamiento turístico integral del tramo castellanoleonés se materializó en la creación de la Ruta del Duero, con una base territorial ligada a las comarcas agrarias próximas al río, a la que se han sumado los esfuerzos económicos de diversas iniciativas.

  16. TRADISI MENGEMIS DI TEMPAT WISATA RELIGI

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    Umi Supraptingsih

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Umi Supraptingsih (Penulis, dosen STAIN Pamekasan, Jl. Raya Panglegur Km. 04 Pamekasan     Abstract The act of begging of beggar appears tradition for generations and it becomes inheritant profession. Social and  economic characteristics of beggar are influenced by several factors---natural and human resources. Places of beggar to do begging, Api Tak Kunjung Padam (eternal flame and Batu Ampar, are distinctive. The former is the common tourism spot, but the later is the religous tourism place. The factors cause the begging are the natural setting condition that does not support the  beggar to earn sufficient income, the low level of education, inedequate parenting pattern, less religious teaching comprehension, the extinct of abahsment, and instant needs.  Establishing an actual cultural  communication and asking the participation of stake holders---philantropist, academician, public figure, religious scholar, and government, will hopefully decrease the number of beggar. Kata-kata kunci tradisi, mengemis, dan kebutuhan hidup

  17. Paradigma Shalat Jum’at dalam Hadits Nabi

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    M. Ridwan Hasbi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Shalat jum‘at sebelum direkontruksi oleh ulama Mazahib seperti sekarang ini, terdapat fenomenal jika dirujuk kepada riwayat-riwayat yang menjelaskannya. Sebab ayat yang menjelaskan tentang shalat jum‘at turun di Madinah, tapi pelaksanaannya sudah ada sebelum hijrah dan saat Nabi SAW hijrah sebelum sampai ke Madinah. Penulis menemukan bahwa shalat jum‘at sebelum hijrah yang sudah dilaksanakan di Madinah dan saat Nabi SAW di Quba adalah shalat zuhur plus khutbah. Pada awalnya khutbah setelah shalat, tapi saat terjadi orang-orang meninggalkan Nabi saat khutbah dan turun ayat, maka diubah menjadi khutbah dulu baru shalat, lalu terkontruksi shalat dua rakaat. Waktu pelaksanaannya terdapat perbedaan riwayat dengan ungkapan waktu dhuha, sebelum tengah hari, saat tengah hari dan setelah matahari tergelincir, dengan esensial shalat jum‘at sama dengan shalat ‘id (hari raya. Jumlah jamaah yang menjadi wajibnya shalat tidak terdapat kesepakatan dan kewajiban bagi mukallaf sebab riwayat-riwayatnya bersifat umum dan berbeda satu dengan lainnya.

  18. RANCANG BANGUN SIMULASI PEWARNAAN SEPEDA MOTOR BERBASIS KOMPUTER

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    Hotmian Sitohang

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Belakang ini bisnis pewarnaan atau air brush motor sangat disukai. Setiap toko pengecatan atau pemasangan stiker selalu dipadati motor-motor yang baru maupun yang lama untuk  diwarnai atau di beri sticker agar warna asli tidak rusak dan pudar. Pewarnaan yang dilakukan pada sepeda motor meliputi pewarnaan body, tebeng depan, tebeng belakang, kaca lampu, spion, pelang dan bagian lainnya. Rata-rata para penggemar  pewarnaan kendaraan bermotor melakukan proses pewarnaan untuk tujuan  tertentu, misalnya motornya agar lebih menarik atau hanya ingin sekedar tampil beda.  Dari hasil observasi di Kota Palangka Raya terlihat setiap toko pewarnaan sepeda motor sangat diminati bahkan hampir setiap hari toko-toko pewarnaan penuh, sehingga membuat customer ngantri. Terkadang juga customer mau mewarnai tapi bingung menentukan warna apa yang sesuai dengan motornya. Sering kali juga terjadi sudah diwarnai ternyata tidak sesuai dengan cat awal motor atau warna nyorak. Penulis tertarik membuat simulasi pewarnaan motor berbasis komputer yang dimana nantinya akan dimasukkan gambar motor dan tinggal menyesuaikan seperti apa yang mau diwarnai. Bahkan disiapkan macam-macam pewarnaan motor yang populer saat ini. Aplikasi ini juga menyiapkan pewarnaan sebagian motor. Dimana kadang kala customer hanya mau mewarnai spion atau pelang, maka aplikasi ini akan memilih sesuai dengan yang mau diwarnai saja. Tujuan dari penelitian ini supaya mempermudah customer dalam menentukan pewarnaan motor, sedangkan manfaatnya untuk customer adalah lebih singkat waktu dan penyesuaian  warna motor.

  19. ISLAM ABOGE DALAM TRADISI JAWA ALASTUA

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    Sakirman Sakirman

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam masuk ke tanah Jawa dalam keadaan penduduknya telah memiliki tradisi dan budaya berupa kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada benda-benda tertentu (dinamisme, adanya kekuatan pada arwah orang yang meninggal (animisme dan kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada binatang-binatang (totemisme. Tradisi ini telah diwariskan secara turun temurun, diyakini, dan diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Ketika Islam datang, keyakinan dan kepercayaan tersebut  melebur dalam budaya Islam. Sehingga munculah apa yang disebut dengan sinkretisme Islam, yaitu akulturasi budaya Islam dengan tradisi lokal. Di antara bentuk akulturasi budaya lokal (Jawa dengan Islam adalah tradisi yang dianut oleh komunitas Islam Aboge. Komunitas ini melaksanakan tradisi-tradisi Jawa dengan dibumbui tradisi Islam, maka munculah Islam dengan cita rasa lokal (islam lokal. Kekhasan dari komunitas ini adalah masih menggunakan model Penanggalan Islam Jawa yakni Penanggalan Aboge untuk menetapkan awal Ramadhan, Hari Raya Idhul Fitri dan Idhul Adha. Kata Aboge adalah singkatan dari Alip Rebo Wage yang mempunyai arti Tanggal 1 Muharram Tahun Alif akan jatuh pada hari Rebo (Rabu pasaran Wage. Aboge adalah dasar perhitungan almanak (kalender dalam satu windu atau delapan tahun, maka yang dimaksud Aboge adalah dasar suatu perhitungan. Penggunaan penanggalan dengan sistem Aboge mengakibatkan pelaksanaan ibadah puasa, perayaan Idhul Fitri, dan Idhul Adha yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas Aboge selalu mengalami perbedaan  dengan keputusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh pemerintah melalui sidang Itsbat.

  20. Automatic segmentation of lizard spots using an active contour model

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    Jhony Heriberto Giraldo-Zuluaga

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La biometría en animales es una tarea desafiante. En la literatura muchos algoritmos se han utilizado, como, por ejemplo, el reconocimiento de los pechos en pingüinos, el reconocimiento de las orejas en elefantes y el reconocimiento de los patrones de rayas en leopardos. No cabe duda que aún hay mucho trabajo para hacer un uso masivo de la tecnología. En este artículo proponemos un algoritmo de segmentación para extraer manchas de la especie de lagartos Diploglossus millepunctatus, amenazada por la actividad humana. La segmentación automática ha sido lograda con una combinación de preprocesamiento, contornos activos y morfología. Los parámetros de cada etapa del algoritmo de segmentación han sido optimizados usando imágenes de referencia como objetivo. Los resultados muestran que la segmentación automática de manchas es posible. Un 78,37% de segmentación correcta en promedio es alcanzado.

  1. RICE MARKETING SYSTEM A SOLUTION FOR INCREASING REVENUE FARMERS IN WEST KALIMANTAN

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    Juliana C.Kilmanun

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available One of expectation want to be reached by development West Kalimantan is making regency Kubu Raya as " buffer Stock" rice for West Kalimantan. Problems is hitherto the solution rice marketing by society of Sui Itik. The price sell still be very low and have an effect to peasant earnings for this article aim to system of paddy marketing specially rice of Sui Itik village and is the solution which must be taken in rice marketing in Sui Itik. Collected by data is primary data representing result interview with method approach of Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA and gathering data by method of Stratifide Random Sampling. Collected data later;then be analysed in diskriptif. The study aims to: 1. to increase knowledge about marketing management hence need conducted by training about marketing management to peasant of Sui Itik village. 2 system and Good market information very have an effect on reality to fluency of rice marketing of Sui Itik village. 3 system of Rice marketing in Multi Level Marketing (MLM expected to expand since this system of fluenting rice marketing. 4. Governmental policy about stability of price shell of rice affected farmers.

  2. Socialdemocracia y capital: las raíces neoclásicas del modelo sueco

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    Mario del Rosal Crespo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La socialdemocracia ha tenido en el Modelo Sueco su referente por antonomasia. Sin embargo, las raíces teóricas de esta experiencia histórica, lejos de implementar los principios típicos del keynesianismo, se asentaron sobre unas bases de marcado carácter neoclásico. A través del conocido como Modelo Rehn-Meidner, posteriormente afianzado por el llamado Modelo EFO, la socialdemocracia sueca estableció un marco de política fiscal y monetaria restrictiva en el que se desarrolló una política salarial solidaria cimentada en un poderoso sindicalismo y un sólido sistema corporativista de negociación colectiva centralizada. Así, mediante la paulatina igualación y la contención de los salarios, se buscaba estimular la productividad, mantener a raya los costes laborales y facilitar la concentración y la centralización del capital. El objetivo final era favorecer la competitividad del sector exportador sueco con el fin de asegurar una rentabilidad y un ritmo de acumulación adecuados.

  3. THE USE OF GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD IN TEACHING ENGLISH

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    Catharina Elmayantie

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the patterns of Grammar Translation Method (GTM and to know the reasons why the teachers used the method. Descriptive qualitative method was applied. The subjects were two English teachers at the seventh grade of SMP Negeri 1 Palangka Raya. It was used observation and questionnaires to collect the data. The data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing were applied for data analysis. The findings show nine major patterns of GTM applied: (1 The classes were taught mainly in mother tongue; (2 the vocabulary was taught in the form of lists of isolated words; (3 the grammar provided the rules for putting words together; (4 it focused on the form and inflection of words; (5 the reading difficult classical texts were begun early; (6 it was little attention to the content of the texts; (7 the drills were exercises in translating; (8 it was little attention to pronunciation; and (9 it focused on accuracy. Meanwhile, the reasons of the teachers used the method are: (1 It is suitable for the students; (2 it helps the students comprehend the text; (3 it  improves the vacabulary; and (4 by using this method teaching-learning activities work well. Keywords: English subject, grammar translation method, teaching-learning activities

  4. Acceptance of Hibah as an Alternative Mechanism in Muslims Asset Management

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    Ahmad Khairiah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to identify the acceptance of hibah by beneficiaries based on cases registered in Melaka. Using secondary data collected from the Melaka Syariah Court and Amanah Raya Berhad Melaka, a number of hibah cases were identified from 2013-2015 and highlighted for further discussion in the paper. Interviews, telephone and email correspondences were conducted to further understand the issues concerning hibah cases and their reasoning. The findings indicated that the highest number of registered on hibah cases was recorded in 2015, increasing from 2013. The data result shows that there are more than 20 cases recorded in Melaka except only 12 cases in 2013. Due to increasing number of cases regarding hibah, it shows that citizen of Melaka is still low in understanding the concept and implementation of hibah. Therefore, it is a need to have a standard guideline regarding hibah to avoid any dispute about this matter in the future. Besides that, the dissemination of knowledge about hibah should be done in order to increase the awareness about the acceptable procedure of hibah because it is considered as the best alternative of asset management and to avoid unclaimed Muslim asset.

  5. PENGGUNAAN MIKORIZA DAN PUPUK NPK DALAM PEMBIBITAN NYAWAI (Ficus variegata Blume

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    NFN Danu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Kebutuhan bahan baku  untuk industri pengolahan kayu dan serat dari tahun ke tahun semakin meningkat, sedangkan pasokan bahan baku dari hutan alam semakin menurun, akibatnya terjadi kelangkaan bahan baku industri pengolahan kayu dan pulp. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan pengembangan hutan tanaman yang memadai. Tanaman nyawai (Ficus variegata Blume  merupakan jenis alternatif prioritas dalam pembangunan hutan tanaman penghasil kayu. Salah satu faktor yang menentukan keberhasilan pengembangan hutan tanaman nyawai adalah penggunaan bibit bermutu, karena bibit yang berkualitas akan menghasilkan tegakan dengan tingkat produktivitas tinggi. Pengadaan bibit nyawai bermutu dapat melalui teknik perbanyakan generatif maupun vegetatif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan kombinasi pemupukan dan mikoriza yang tepat untuk menghasilkan bibit nyawai yang berkualitas. Buah nyawai dikumpulkan dari Kebun Raya Cibodas (Cianjur. Lokasi Penelitian di persemaian Nagrak. Perkecambahan dilakukan dengan menabur benih pada bak kecambah yang berisi media yang telah disterilkan. Media penyapihan menggunakan tanah sub soil ditambah mikoriza: tanpa mikoriza (C0, Glomus sp. (C1, Acaulospora sp. (C2 dan dosis NPK sebanyak : 0,0 g (P0, 0,5 g/polybag (P1, 1,0 g/poybag (P2. Pengadaan bibit nyawai dapat menggunakan campuran media tanah subsoil + 30 % serbuk sabut kelapa (coco peat +10 % arang sekam padi (v/v, CMA Glomus sp dan Acaulospora sp mampu berkolonisasi dengan akar bibit nyawai. Pemberian pupuk NPK 0,5 – 1,0 gram per polybag dapat meningkatkan serapan hara P.

  6. PAEDIATRIC POSTERIOR FOSSA TUMORS: A CLIN ICO - PATHOLOGICAL STUDY I N A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Sekhar Kennedy

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Tumors of the Central Nervous S ystem , are the second commonest childhood tumors and are the most common solid paediatric tumors comprising 40% - 50% of all tumors . 1 2 Posterior fossa brain tumors are one of the most devastating forms of human illnesses wh ich are more common in children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES : To study the incidence, clinicopathological features and management of paediatric posterior fossa tumors. MATERIALS AND METHOD S : This is a prospective study done in the Department of Neurosurgery, Ranga raya Medical College, Government General Hospital, Kakinada from 2012 to 2015. It is a Tertiary Care Hospital. A total of 25 paediatric patients ranging from infants to 15 years were included in the study. DISCUSSION AND CONCL USION: Posterior fossa tumors are the commonest solid brain tumors of children with a rate of 2.4 per lakh of children at risk per year. The predominant symptoms are headache and vomiting followed by cerebellar symptoms (gait disturbances. Posterior fossa tumors are predominantly seen in children with peak incidence in first decade. Commonest presenting symptoms are due to raised intracranial pressure with headache and vomiting followed by cerebellar symptoms. Meticulous microsurgical techniques are to be followed in removing these tum ors. The incidence of recurrence is very less after gross total excision. Prognosis is good in patients with total excision

  7. Utilization of Liquid Smoke from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches on Raw Rubber Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidayati Hidayati

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Research utilization of liquid smoke from oil palm empty fruit bunches of raw rubber has been made to utilize solid waste from industrial processing of oil palm empty fruit bunches of oil palm so that it becomes economically valuable products. This research has been done by pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches at a temperature of 400oC for 5, 6, 7 and 8 hours. The results show that the pyrolysis liquid smoke oil palm empty fruit bunches for 8 hours give a high concentration of phenol and acetic acid, respectively 5% and 0.454%. Liquid smoke that has been obtained is used as a coagulant in raw rubber plantation crops of the people residing in the village of Ambawang, Kubu Raya District, West Kalimantan. Results of treatment of liquid smoke on raw rubber  show that the rubber products that have been frozen and dried are superior in terms of color, smell and drying time compared with the treatment of formic acid and water battery which has been added so far on raw rubber by the local rubber farmers.

  8. THE EFFECT OF CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE ON WRITING EXPOSITORY ESSAYS OF EFL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabarun Sabarun

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The study is aimed at investigating the effectiveness of using clustering technique in writing expository essays. The aim of the study is to prove whether there is a significant difference between writing using clustering technique and writing without using it on the students’ writing achievement or not. The study belonged to experimental study by applying counterbalance procedure to collect the data. The study was conducted at the fourth semester English department students of Palangka Raya State Islamic College of 2012/ 2013 academic year. The number of the sample was 13 students. This study was restricted to two focuses: using clustering technique and without using clustering technique to write composition. Using clustering technique to write essay was one of the pre writing strategies in writing process. To answer the research problem, the t test for correlated samples was applied. The research findings showed that,it was found that the t value was 10.554.It was also found that the df (Degree of freedom of the distribution observed was 13-1= 12.  Based on the Table of t value, if df was 12, the 5% of significant level of t value was at 1.782 and the 1% of significant level of t value was at 2.179. It meant that using clustering gave facilitative effect on the students’ essay writing performance. Keywords: reading comprehension, text, scaffolding

  9. Perancangan Sistem Layanan Informasi Pariwisata Berbasis Mobile Internet Dengan Menerapkan Konsep Mobile Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Octhario

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Mobile interaction is about the stuff of people’s lives, focused on understanding and developing blueprints for systems that permeate the broad spectrum of their  experiences.  People can use system,  They  can take  advantage of the system through mobile devices.  Due to limitations in the display and display media such as mobile phones in presenting and giving  information to the public.    the design of interaction  between  the  system  and  users  will  be  very  important,  It  is  a  thing  to  be  considered  to  create  a  mobile  internet-based information  systems.  Therefore,  the  application  of  mobile  interaction  design,  especially  in  terms  of  mobile  internet-based  system  is needed, so the system can be  used optimally.  Indonesia's tourism  sector  is one  sector of  the  service economy.  It  has  bright prospects  for mobile  interaction.  However  to  enhance  the  role  of  development  in  Indonesia,  is  still  one  of  many  shortcomings  that  limited  mediainformation services.    This study  concerns in  produce  and  information  service  system  especially  in  tourism  of  Palangka Raya  whichapply the concept  of  mobile  interaction  design.  To  apply the concept of  mobile  interaction,  there are  three  main  activities.  There  areunderstanding users, developing prototype designs and evaluation. Percentage points is higher in the evaluation, indicates that the user is able  to use  the system  and  interact  with  the system    and  based on feedback  from users, no complaints  are  ejected  from  the user  in  the system path. This provides an assessment of the success of the system design, system success and user satisfaction convey information to the system. Expected in the long periode, the system can increase tourism sector in the city of Palangka Raya

  10. Growth models fitted to Dipturus chilensis length-at-age-data support a two phase growth Modelos de crecimiento ajustados a datos de largo a la edad de Dipturus chilensis confirman un crecimiento en dos fases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARINA I AVERSA

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Age and growth for the beaked skate was estimated from bands in the vertebral centra of 689 individuals obtained from incidental catches of the Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi fishery. Age bias plots and indices of precision indicated that ageing method was precise and unbiased (% CV = 3 % PA = 82.09 %. Edge and marginal increment analysis of the vertebrae support the hypothesis of annual band pair deposition. Three growth models were fitted to length-at-age and the two-phase growth model produced the best fit. This feature has never been described before for D. chilensis and can be related to changes in energy allocation and the shift from juvenile to adult phase. The unrealistic biological estimates of the von Bertalanffy growth model illustrates the importance of fitting alternative models to the data. Female beaked skates reached greater size in length (L∝ as well as in disc width (L∝ = 138.2 cm; DW∝ = 92.46 cm and have lower growth rate (k = 0.08 yr-1 than males (L∝ = 106.7 cm; DW∝ = 74.52 cm; k = 0.121 yr-1. This study provides basic information on age and growth for the beaked skate, D. chilensis, which were previously not available for its south Atlantic range of distribution.La edad y el crecimiento de la raya picuda fue estimado a partir de las bandas en los cuerpos vertebrales de 689 individuos obtenidos de las capturas incidentales de la pesquería de merluza argentina (Merluccius hubbsi. Gráficos de sesgos y el análisis de precisión indicaron que el método utilizado para la determinación de la edad es preciso y no sesgado (% CV = 3 % PA = 82.09 %. El análisis del tipo de borde e incremento marginal vertebral confirmó la hipótesis del depósito anual de un par de bandas. Se ajustaron tres modelos de crecimiento a los datos de largo a la edad y el modelo de dos fases produjo el mejor ajuste. Esta característica nunca antes fue descripta para Dipturus chilensis y podría relacionarse con un cambio en la cuota de

  11. PEMETAAN KOMPETENSI, SIKAP, TANGGUNG JAWAB, DAN JUMLAH JAM GURU BERSERTIFIKAT PENDIDIK DALAM MENGELOLA PEMBELAJARAN DI SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari Amanto

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Competency, Attitude, Responsibility, and Number of Hours of Educator Cer­­­­t­i­­fied Teachers on Managing Learning in SMK.The objective of this research is to des­cribe the competency, attitude, responsibility, and number of hours of educator cer­­tified teachers on managing learning in public vocational high school in Malang. This research employs a descriptive-quantitative approach. The research sub­jects are the educator certified teachers in SMKN Malang area. The instruments used to collect data are observation sheet, questionnaire, and documentation. Data is analyzed using per­cen­tag­e. The re­sults of this research show that: (1 the profiles of pedagogical com­pe­tency, attitude, so­­cial, and pro­fessional variables are categorized as competent, (2 the profiles of cog­nitive, and conative attitude are categorized as good, (3 affective attitude is ca­te­go­ri­z­­ed as ve­ry good, (4 the responsibility on applying the curriculum development is categorized as very high, (5 the performance of learning process is categorized as very high, (6 the process of conceling students ca­te­go­ry ve­­ry high, and (7 the total number of managing learn­­ing ho­urs is ca­t­egorized as qualified.   Tujuan penelitian ini un­tuk mendeskripsikan kompetensi, sikap, tang­gung jawab, dan jumlah jam guru bersertifikat pendidik dalam me­nge­lola pembelajaran pada SMK Negeri se-Malang Raya. Pe­nelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian des­krip­­tif kuantitatif, dengan subjek pe­ne­litian guru bersertifikat pendidik SMKN se-Ma­lang Raya. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah lembar pengamatan, angket dan dokumentasi. Data di­ana­lisis dengan persentase. Hasil penelitian me­nun­juk­­­­kan bahwa: (1 kompetensi pe­da­­gogik, kepribadian, sosial, dan profesional ma­suk kate­­­gori kompeten, (2 sikap kog­ni­tif, konatif kategori baik, (3 sikap afektif kategori sangat baik, (4 tanggung jawab

  12. 基于层次分析法的矿粮复合区生态环境影响评价——以相山铀矿为例%The Impact Assessment of Mine-grain Mixed Zone′s Eco-environment Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process——Based on the Study of Xiangshan Uranium Orefield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋振江; 杨俊; 李争

    2015-01-01

    model.This paper selected some indicators as comprehensive evaluation index( such as per capita net income of rural households,land output,economic utility, energy intensity per GDP,organism abundance index, land degradation index,environmental quality index,vegetative cov-er index, landscape naturalness,etc.) and the result of the study shows that the ecological comprehensive index value of Xiangshan mountain area is 0.597 5,which indicates that the mine′s regional eco-environ-ment quality is normal,but its eco-environment has been disturbed to some extent.As a result of it,the lo-cal ecological system has changed but still maintains its basic functions.It is the evident that ecological disasters in the area are apt to occur because the local eco-environment becomes worse easily after dis-turbance.In a word,the eco-environment of this mine-grain mixed zone is too fragile and its regional eco-environment has been disturbed seriously because of excessive mining and exploitation for years.There-fore,in order to renovate the polluted environment,the local government should take into account of the factors,including local economic development,regional environment protection,regional landscape ecolog-ical protection,social situation,and so on.What is more,the local government should provide relevant poli-cy supports to reduce or delay the regional ecological damage.Besides,our government and interested par-ties need to look for the interests of the cooperative mechanisms so as to create a win-win situation.If these interested parties find the mechanisms,ecological environmental protection and economic develop-ment would gain organic coordination,which can promote the sustainable development.

  13. National Park Service Vegetation Inventory Program, Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hop, Kevin D.; Drake, J.; Strassman, Andrew C.; Hoy, Erin E.; Menard, Shannon; Jakusz, J.W.; Dieck, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    information systems (GIS). The interpreted data were digitally and spatially referenced, thus making the spatial database layers usable in GIS. Polygon units were mapped to either a 0.5 ha or 0.25 ha minimum mapping unit, depending on vegetation type.A geodatabase containing various feature-class layers and tables shows the locations of vegetation types and general land cover (vegetation map), vegetation plot samples, verification sites, AA sites, project boundary extent, and aerial photographic centers. The feature-class layer and relate tables for the CUVA vegetation map provides 4,640 polygons of detailed attribute data covering 13,288.4 ha, with an average polygon size of 2.9 ha.Summary reports generated from the vegetation map layer show map classes representing natural/semi-natural types in the NVCS apply to 4,151 polygons (89.4% of polygons) and cover 11,225.0 ha (84.5%) of the map extent. Of these polygons, the map layer shows CUVA to be 74.4% forest (9,888.8 ha), 2.5% shrubland (329.7 ha), and 7.6% herbaceous vegetation cover (1,006.5 ha). Map classes representing cultural types in the NVCS apply to 435 polygons (9.4% of polygons) and cover 1,825.7 ha (13.7%) of the map extent. Map classes representing non-NVCS units (open water) apply to 54 polygons (1.2% of polygons) and cover 237.7 ha (1.8%) of the map extent.A thematic AA study was conducted of map classes representing natural/semi-natural types in the NVCS. Results present an overall accuracy of 80.7% (kappa index of 79.5%) based on data from 643 of the 647 AA sites. Most individual map-class themes exceed the NPS VIP standard of 80% with a 90% confidence interval.The CUVA vegetation mapping project delivers many geospatial and vegetation data products in hardcopy and/or digital formats. These products consist of an in-depth project report discussing methods and results, which include descriptions and a dichotomous key to vegetation types, map classification and map-class descriptions, and a contingency table

  14. Claves taxonómicas para el reconocimiento dentario en taxa del superorden Rajomorphii de Chile (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea Taxonomic dental keys for the Chilean taxa of the superorder Rajomorphii (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Sáez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta claves taxonómicas basadas en características morfológicas dentarias externas e internas, que permiten el reconocimiento de cada orden, familia y género de los batoídeos conocidos en Chile. En algunos casos, como en las familias Rhinobatidae, Torpedinidae, Narcinidae, Myliobatidae, Mobulidae, Dasyatidae y Urotrygonidae, las claves permiten el reconocimiento específico pero, en otros casos, sólo se puede discriminar hasta género, dadas las limitaciones impuestas por los conocimientos existentes. Estas claves son una herramienta complementaria a la diagnosis de rayas y están orientadas al reconocimiento de fragmentos dentales, hallazgos paleontológicos de dientes así como para las piezas dentales asociadas con la mandíbula. De esta manera, se entrega un apoyo taxonómico nuevo con características dentales diferentes a las consideradas actualmente para este superorden.A series of keys with external and internal dental morphologic features for the identification of each order, family and genus of rays and skates of the batoids known in Chile, are presented. In the case of families Rhinobatidae, Torpedinidae, Narcinidae, Myliobatidae, Mobulidae, Dasyatidae and Urotrygonidae, an identification at the species level is possible. In other cases, due to limitations imposed by the existing knowledge, only discrimination up to genus is allowed. These keys are a complementary tool for the diagnosis of rays suitable for the identification of dental fragments, paleontological discoveries of teeth as well as for jaw teeth. This tool offers a novel taxonomic support, which includes dental features different from those considered nowadays for this superorder.

  15. Analysis on the Long Term Effect of Trial Test Road Constructed on Batu Pahat Soft Clay (BPSC) at Recess UTHM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idrus, M. M. M.; Edayu, A. E.; Adnan, Z.; Ismail, B.

    2016-07-01

    The reinforcement used in soil for construction of roads on the soft clay is very important as it will determine the level of service of the road after it was built. Damage or defects on the road surface to be an indicator of the level of the road has dropped and shows the deformation of the road. For this research, an analysis has carried out on the long-term effect of trial test road constructed on Batu Pahat Soft Clay (BPSC) at RECESS UTHM. Through this research, the reinforcement using Rawell Geosynthetic Clay Liner (RGCL) was the best with the stability is 14964 N, a low flow is 2.69mm, stiffness modulus is 1766 MPa, the peak load is 739.4 N and a lower horizontal deformation which is 1.71 µm compared Woven Geotextile section and section without geotextile [1] [9]. In terms of deformation can be seen clearly from physical observations that section without geotextile suffered significant damage than others. Settlement of road can also be analyzed by a longitudinal section that plotted based on the result of leveling work. After that, settlements are more visible way on the right side of the road trial. Through lab tests conducted, it indicate that the coring samples obtained from sites of each section meets the specifications set by the Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) in terms of stability, flow and stiffness [1]. Through this study, a trial road built on soft soil can be used as a test site because of the uniqueness of these roads which has three different types of reinforcements.

  16. Vitality Of Village Umkm In The Arena Of Asean Economic Community (Aec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanny Septimawan Sutopo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A horizon of expectation seems to be much brighter when the regional cooperation among the Southeast Asian countries intensify due to their meeting commitment of integration. The culmination of the regional cooperation commitment in Southeast Asia is an agreement to become a solid community within the framework of the Asean Community. One aim of the Asean Community is to form a joint economic community among the countries in Southeast Asia, commonly known as the Asean Economic Community (AEC. AEC opens space for the flow of goods and services from ASEAN member countries freely, including items that have been developed by Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM – Micro Small and Medium Enterprises. In Indonesia, especially in Malang, UMKM provide the foundation of the regional economic development. The implementation of AEC will slowly and surely give implications to UMKM and regional economy, more specifically the areas with less attention preparing for UMKM to face the Southeast Asian regional free market. It is an early gate to determine whether the position of this proved-to-be-resilient economic actors (read: UMKM will be involved or will be squashed to be a spectator when the other countries of the region make Indonesia as a new trading arena. This research will conduct a preliminary assessment towards the local government’s innovation in facing the implementation of AEC, primarily that relates to organizing UMKM at the local/village level. The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding in greater detail in accordance with the local government's response and strategies in Malang Raya to prepare village UMKM in dealing with the implementation of AEC. The study also attempts to find the initial design of strengthening the village UMKM that is adaptive to current regional and global trade liberalization. Field research will be conducted in Malang Regencies, Malang City, and Batu City, where all these areas have village UMKM that are

  17. Budaya Hukum sebagai Faktor Pendorong Terwujudnya Reformasi Birokrasi Daerah di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamiat Akadol

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to know the legal culture as the driving factor of the realization of regional bureaucracy reform in Indonesia. The method used is the method of normative juridical research with conceptual approaches, legislation, and case approach. Various cases of corruption and very bad service in investment activities have hindered and even damaged the image of the Indonesian nation even in today's highly dynamic world. The bureaucratic legal culture is considered the main factor causing such bad bureaucratic behavior. The legal culture of the royal heritage that is only devoted to highways is difficult to remove from bureaucratic behavior. Cultural heritage, was fertile in the new order era, even in the current reform era. Through the optimization of local culture combined with the autonomy and decentralization policy implemented with the principle of autonomy as widely as possible, it can be attempted to overcome the negative culture of bureaucratic culture into a bureaucracy that eventually can be realized good governance. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui budaya hukum sebagai faktor pendorong terwujudnya reformasi birokrasi daerah di Indonesia. Adapun metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan-pendekatan konseptual, perundang-undangan dan pendekatan kasus. Berbagai kasus korupsi dan pelayanan yang sangat buruk dalam kegiatan investasi telah menghambat dan bahkan merusak citra bangsa Indonesia bahkan di tingkat dunia yang sangat dinamis saat ini. Budaya hukum birokrasi dianggap sebagai faktor utama yang menyebabkan perilaku birokrasi yang buruk tersebut. Budaya hukum warisan kerajaan yang hanya mengabdi kepada raya ternyata sulit untuk dihilangkan dari perilaku birokrasi. Kultur warisan, ternyata subur di zaman orde baru, bahkan di zaman reformasi saat ini. Melalui optimalisasi kultur lokal yang dipadukan dengan kebijakan otonomi dan desentralisasi yang dilaksanakan dengan

  18. Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis Leaves: Analysis Of Proximate, Antioxidant Activities And Inorganic Compound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saiful Irwan Zubairi; Nurul Shahreda Jaies

    2014-01-01

    A variety of herbal plants species has been used in traditional medicine. Most of these plants contained several potent bio-active ingredients and nutrients that could give potential positive effects to the health such as antioxidant and antipyretic. Hibiscus rosa sinensis, commonly known as Bunga raya, have similar concoction characteristic to tea which contain antioxidants that help to control cholesterol. In addition, mucilage that was found in the leaves could helps to reduce extreme body heat during fever (which potentially acts as an antipyretic). Therefore, this preliminary study on the fresh and dried H. rosa sinensis leaves was carried out to analyze and identify the nutrients content, anti-oxidants and inorganic material. Total phenolic content (TPC) method was used for both fresh and dried leaves prior to the antioxidant activities of DPPH free radicals scavenging and ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) as to confirm the existence of antioxidant constituents. Meanwhile, the composition of heavy metals was studied using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The proximate analysis of the fresh leaves showed the presence of moisture content (9.03 %), protein (10.44 %), fat (6.43 %), crude fiber (11.55 %), ash (11.22 %) and carbohydrate (51.33 %). Meanwhile, the inorganic contents are as follows: cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn). Furthermore, the antioxidant activities of FRAP and DPPH showed that dried leaves of H. rosa sinensis was higher than the fresh leaves (p < 0.05) irrespective of any solvent used. The positive correlation between TPC and two other antioxidant activities of DPPH and FRAP (p < 0.05) indicates the presence of antioxidant components in the acetone and water extracts. Therefore, the high availability of essential nutritional component, anti-oxidants and low concentration of hazardous inorganic matter in H. rosa sinensis leaves enable it to be used as one

  19. OSOB NGALAMAN (BAHASA SLANG ASAL MALANG SEBAGAI SALAH SATU I-CON MALANG (Studi Struktur Osob Ngalaman, dalam Sosial Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aji Setyanto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Malang raya as a place of a tourist destination , must always be innovating and innovation to keep the existence and increase the appeal for tourists. One thing that should not be forgotten is that Malang has Osob Ngalaman or language Malangan. That language has two the main characteristics namely: typical language Malang / the dialect of malang (osob ngalaman and their language Walikan. Both are fused and inseparable in language usage , both in oral and written. This research is a qualitative descriptive study aims to determine the dialect Malangan covering the structure of words, phrases and grammatical structure of the language used by people in the social network community. These results indicate that the structure of the word in Osob Ngalaman, there are variety of structures, even there is no rule of words between the speakers and the other said flipping the different words. In addition to reverse the order of the letters in the words, in Osob Ngalaman also contained original words such as Genaro, Lawet, Sibun. OsobNgalaman used the words of a language, 2 or even 3 languages (Java, Bahasa, and English. There are sentences that all words are reversed. Generally, not all the words revesed. Number of words that reversed also varies its speakers depends. For the benefit of tourism promotion and sustainability Osob Ngalaman it is necessary to stipulate or established institution OSOB NGALAMAN CENTER. It has a duty major: documenting Osob Ngalaman; conducted a study of continuous to the development of Osob Ngalaman; Formulating simple textbook, making a Osob Ngalaman dictionary; became the central of learning Osob Ngalaman ; designing and planning to using Osob Ngalaman as means of Malang tourism promotion.

  20. Comparison of Traffic Speed Before, During and After “Banci Lalu Lintas” at Federal Road ft005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahman R.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Traffic engineering uses engineering methods and techniques to achieve the safe and time efficient movement of people and goods on roadways and it depends on traffic flow. The three main parameters of a traffic flow are volume, speed and density. Speed is an important transportation consideration because it relates to safety, time, comfort, convenience, and economics. This study is to show the difference of traffic speed for before, during and after a primary traffic survey called “Banci Lalu Lintas”. This study also is conducted at Federal Road FT005 with collaboration of Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR. In achieving the goal for this study, traffic speed is recorded by using two methods which are manual method and Automatic Traffic Count (ATC. For before and after the survey, manual method is used and the data is collected for 15 minutes, while during the survey, ATC is used in collecting data for 24 hours per day in a week. The data obtained where the mean speed is recorded and is compared as well as analyzed between three categories which are before, during and after “Banci Lalu Lintas” and using statistical analysis. In result, the speed of vehicles for during the survey is the lowest compared to before and after survey where the differential percentage are 6.68% and 23.64% for before – during and during – after “Banci Lalu Lintas”. The study concluded that drivers tend to decrease their vehicles speed when there is an event or unexpected conditions on the road. The result is important for future development and safety of road in Malaysia.

  1. Uji Efektifitas Beberapa Konsentrasi Larutan Daun Kirinyuh (Choromolaena odorata (L. King & Robinson Terhadap Ulat Tritip (Plutella xylostella L Pada Tanaman Kubis (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata Di Laboratorium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdaus Firdaus

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ulat tritip, Plutella xylostella, merupakan hama cosmopolitan yang memiliki kecendrungan tinggi untuk resisten terhadap insektisida konvensional.  Oleh karenanya perlu terus dikaji bahan alternative yang berpotensi insektisidal untuk hama ini.  Kirinyuh, Chromolaena odorata, merupakan gulma invasive yang memiliki kandungan senyawa dengan  potensi insektisidal.   Penelitian ini  telah dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Hama dan Penyakit Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Islam Riau, Jalan Kaharudin Nasution, Kelurahan Simpang Tiga, Kecamatan Bukit Raya, Pekanbaru KM 11; dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh interaksi konsentrasi filtrate daun kirinyuh dengan dua cara aplikasi (metoda tetes/topical dan metoda celup daun/pakan. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap ( RAL faktorial, dimana faktor pertama adalah berbagai tingkat konsentrasi larutan daun kirinyuh ( D terdiri dari 5 taraf perlakuan yaitu : kontrol, 150 gr/liter air, 300 gr/liter air, 450 gr/liter air dan 600 gr/liter air dan faktor kedua adalah cara aplikasi ( A yang terdiri dari 2 taraf perlakuan dimana  cara pertama yaitu larutan yang ditetesi secara topikal ketubuh larva dan bahan makan larva yang dicelupkan kedalam larutan. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah : persentase mortalitas larva Plutella xylostella, persentase larva menjadi pupa, persentase pupa menjadi imago dan dampak perlakuan terhadap progeni.Dari hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa pemberian berbagai tingkat konsentrasi filtrat kirinyuh dan cara aplikasi larutan daun kirinyuh secara interaksi berpengaruh secara nyata terhadap parameter pengamatan persentase mortalitas larva, persentase larva menjadi pupa, dan persentase pupa menjadi imago. Kombinasi perlakuan terbaik yaitu pada konsentrasi tertinggi yang di uji 600 g bahan per liter air dan metode celup daun.  Sedangkan perlakuan utama tingkat konsentrasi larutan kirinyuh berpengaruh nyata terhadap seluruh parameter pengamatan. Pengaruh

  2. MODELING AND SIMULATION OF TRAFFIC FLOWS ON INCLINED ROAD DURING EVACUATION PROCESS OF THE VOLCANO DISASTER WITH FINITE DIFFERENCE METHOD

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    Richasanty Septima S

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The research in this thesis was done to examine the model of traffic flow of volcanic disaster evacuation path for uphill and downhill roads. The assessment was focused on the area of disaster evacuation path from the Pante Raya Bener Meriah intersection to Takengon. This model is assessed for two different types of time when which a disaster occurs; the disaster occurred at night and the disaster occurred during the day, especially during peak hours (working hours. The model was developed with attention to the exixtence of inflow and outflow along the evacuation route. Furthermore, the model obtained is solved numerically by using finite difference method. The chosen approach of this method is upwind scheme with time and space steps using forward difference and backward difference. The solution of this model in the form of simulated vehicle density along evacuation pathways. The research conducted is in the form of a model of traffic flow on evacuation paths and restricted to the inflow and outflow without alternative path as well as the conditions of the road which are uphill and downhill, showed a high density of vehicles either at night or during the day. Uphill road conditions resulted in decreased vehicle speed and vehicle density will increase, while downhill road conditions resulted in increased vehicle speed and vehicle density will decrease, meaning that the road conditions which are uphill and downhill will greatly affect the process of evacuation. Degree vehicles of evacuation efficiency occuring at night without an alternative pathway produces a high efficiency so that it can be interpreted that the evacuation process in the evening was successful and runs better than the evacuation process during the day, and this is caused by the existence of vehicles on the road evacuation process started thus affecting the efficiency levels.

  3. KEJAWEN SPIRITUALISM: THE ACTUALIZATION OF MORAL VALUES AT PAGUYUBAN SUCI HATI KASAMPURNAN IN CILACAP

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    Mustolehudin Mustolehudin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In Java, the existence of penghayat—believing in the One Almighty God—has grown significantly during the early reign of President Joko Widodo. This is supported by the Regulation of Ministry of Education and Culture Number 27 in 2016 about education services related to the belief in the One Almighty God at schools. Paguyupan Hati Suci Kasampurnan is one of penghayat groups in Cilacap which implements the teaching of budi pekerti (good behaviors towards its adherents. This is a qualitative research examining the hidden meaning contained in the guidance book of Paguyupan Hati Suci Kasampurnan through semiotic analysis. This study results in two findings. First, the main source used at this paguyuban is Kitab Adam Makna. Second, the main teaching of this paguyuban is the teaching of good behaviors towards the adherents in order to reach the level of perfect life which is known as manunggaling kawula gusti. Di Jawa, keberadaan penghayat terhadap Tuhan Yang Maha Esa mengalami perkembangan yang cukup signifikan pada awal pemerintahan Presiden Joko Widodo. Hal ini dikuatkan dengan terbitnya regulasi Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 27 Tahun 2016 tentang layanan pendidikan kepercayaan terhadap Tuhan Yang Maha Esa pada satuan pendidikan. Paguyuban Suci Hati Kasampurnan merupakan salah satu kelompok penghayat di Cilacap yang ikut berperan aktif dalam mengimplementasikan ajaran budi pekerti kepada pemeluknya. Melalui pendekatan kualitatif, penelitian ini berupaya mengkaji makna yang tersirat dalam kitab ajaran Paguyupan Hati Suci Kasampurnan melalui analisis semiotika. Hasil penelitian berupa dua temuan. Pertama, sumber ajaran Paguyuban SHK adalah Kitab Adam Makna (berupa simbol-simbol yang terdapat di jagat raya. Kedua, bahwa intisari dari ajaran paguyuban ini adalah mengajarkan budi pekerti luhur sebagai dasar untuk memperoleh kesempurnaan dengan Tuhan (manunggaling kawula gusti.

  4. Utilization of oil palm empty bunches waste as biochar-microbes for improving availibity of soil nutrients

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    G . I . Ichriani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There are about 23% waste oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB of total waste generated from the production of crude palm oil in oil palm plantations. Pyrolysis technology can be used to convert waste into biochar and further can be utilized for the improvement of soil. Biochar-microbes of OPEFB are biochar from OPEFB biomass that enriched with soil microbes. Biochar-microbes is expected to be used for the improvement of the soil and plants. Therefore the purpose of this research was to study the ability of biochar-microbes OPEFB to increase availability of the nutrients in sandy soils. The process of making biochar done by using slow pyrolysis technology by heating 300oC and 400oC for 2 and 3 hours, and with sizes 40 and 80 mesh, as well as indigenous microbial Bulkhorderia nodosa G.52.Rif1 and Trichoderma sp. added. The biochar production and research were conducted in the Department of Forestry Laboratory and in the Department of Agronomy Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Palangka Raya University. In general, the study showed that biochar-microbes could maintain the soil pH value and tends to increase the soil pH, increasing the holding capacity of sandy soil to the elements of P and K as well as increasing the availability of nutrients N, P and K. Furthermore, this study showed that the biochar process by 400oC heating for 3 hours and 40 mesh with microbes or without microbes were the best effect on the improvement of the quality of holding capacity and the nutrients supply in sandy soils.

  5. The Role of Government in MSMEs:The Empowerment of MSMEs During the Free Trade Era in Indonesia

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    Dhian Kusumawardhani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available As the era of globalisation has progressed, the free-trade paradigm – in which the role of government in every aspect of economic development is minimised, replaced by the power of the free market – has inevitably spread across countries throughout the world. Despite the positive outcomes that can be obtained from the idea of free liberalisation in achieving economic growth and opportunities, this paper will propose that governments must continue to have a strong role in their countries’ economies, particularly in developing countries such as Indonesia. This argument is justified on the basis of the threat that free trade poses to some informal sectors called micro and small and medium enterprises (MSMEs, which have commonly shown low levels of competitiveness in the global market. Thus their very survival heavily depends on government involvement. The Indonesian government has launched many policies to help SMEs become and remain more competitive; for example, the Technology for Regions Program (Iptekda, which combines state support and a market-based approach for MSMEs’ empowerment. This paper conducts a case study of the Iptekda program for the empowerment of MSMEs in Malang Raya. The research will address two issues: why government intervention is still required for MSE capacity-building; and how the program may help MSMEs improve their capacity and competitiveness. To answer these questions, this paper will apply a qualitative approach that uses in-depth interview with the owners of five MSMEs. The results reveal that MSMEs benefit from the program in terms of improved productivity, marketing and insights into MSMEs as an economic sector. The research limitation is that it consists solely of qualitative findings; the findings need to be combined with quantitative data for more-reliable results. Replication of this study using larger samples and a broader geographic base is suggested for promoting programs to empower MSMEs in

  6. River sedimentation and channel bed characteristics in northern Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demissie, Biadgilgn; Billi, Paolo; Frankl, Amaury; Haile, Mitiku; Lanckriet, Sil; Nyssen, Jan

    2016-04-01

    Excessive sedimentation and flood hazard are common in ephemeral streams which are characterized by flashy floods. The purposes of this study was to investigate the temporal variability of bio-climatic factors in controlling sediment supply to downstream channel reaches and the effect of bridges on local hydro-geomorphic conditions in causing the excess sedimentation and flood hazard in ephemeral rivers of the Raya graben (northern Ethiopia). Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was analyzed for the study area using Landsat imageries of 1972, 1986, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2012). Middle term, 1993-2011, daily rainfall data of three meteorological stations, namely, Alamata, Korem and Maychew, were considered to analyse the temporal trends and to calculate the return time intervals of rainfall intensity in 24 hours for 2, 5, 10 and 20 years using the log-normal and the Gumbel extreme events method. Streambed gradient and bed material grain size were measured in 22 river reaches (at bridges and upstream). In the study catchments, the maximum NDVI values were recorded in the time interval from 2000 to 2010, i.e. the decade during which the study bridges experienced the most severe excess sedimentation problems. The time series analysis for a few rainfall parameters do not show any evidence of rainfall pattern accountable for an increase in sediment delivery from the headwaters nor for the generation of higher floods with larger bedload transport capacities. Stream bed gradient and bed material grain size data were measured in order to investigate the effect of the marked decrease in width from the wide upstream channels to the narrow recently constructed bridges. The study found the narrowing of the channels due to the bridges as the main cause of the thick sedimentation that has been clogging the study bridges and increasing the frequency of overbank flows during the last 15 years. Key terms: sedimentation, ephemeral streams, sediment size, bridge clogging

  7. BENTUK GAYA BAHASA KOMUNIKASI FACEBOOK KOMUNITAS SENIMAN LAKI-LAKI

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    Muh. Irfan Mukhlishin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The use of increasingly diverse language, it is because they want or do not want the language we use will definitely be contaminated with the language of all regions in Indonesia and even discuss international languages. Therefore this article seeks to know the style of male language in communication through social media facebook, especially for the community of artists in Malang. In particular how the shape and meaning of language style male artist community in facebook? Style of language used male artist in the city of Malang is a stylistic comparison that is widely used is the "personification" of the style of figurative language depicting inanimate objects or goods lifeless as if it has human nature and "simile "in comparison of two things that are essentially different and deliberately considered equal. Penggunaan bahasa semakin beragam, hal ini karena mau atau tidak mau bahasa yang kita gunakan pasti akan terkontaminasi dengan bahasa dari seluruh daerah di Indonesia dan bahkan bahas-bahasa internasional. Untuk itu artikel ini berusaha mengetahui gaya bahasa laki-laki dalam komunikasi melalui media sosial facebook khususnya untuk para komunitas seniman di Malang Raya. khususnya bagaimana bentuk dan makna gaya bahasa laki-laki komunitas seniman dalam facebook? Gaya bahasa yang digunakan seniman laki-laki di kota Malang adalah Gaya bahasa perbandingan yang banyak digunakan adalah ”personafikasi” yaitu gaya bahasa kiasan yang menggambarkan benda-benda mati atau barang-barang yang tidak bernyawa seolah-olah memiliki sifat-sifat kemanusiaan dan ”simile” yaitu perbandingan dua hal yang pada hakikatnya berlainan dan yang sengaja dianggap sama.

  8. VICHADA: LA HOSPITALIDAD DEL ORINOCO. Pag. 150-157

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    Wilmer Velandia

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Donde el cielo y la sabana se unen en el infinito, se vislumbra una sola montaña en la lejanía, parece un gigante, antiguo y oscuro al final de la inmensidad un “Tepuye”, después de unas cuantas horas de camino se acerca este gran anciano que data del precámbrico, pero no está solo. Se observan algunos compañeros iguales a él, se podrían considerar como los guardianes del imponente y hermoso Orinoko, considerado en lengua Sikuani como la gran serpiente enroscada acompañada de una gran riqueza paisajística cultural y biodiversa; bosques de galería, diferentes tipos de sabana, esteros, lagunas, morichales, bosques inundables, las que recorren aguas blancas, negras y mixtas, rodeadas por diferentes etnias y grupos indígenas como Piaroas, Sikuanis – Guahibos, Cuibas y Amoruas, que viven en forma pacífica con llaneros y colonos, orgullosos de estas tierras, amables y hospitalarios que desde hace muchos años comparten este paraíso con: bagres, pirañas, anguilas, rayas, arawanas, anacondas, ranas, sapos, caimanes, babos, iguanas, tortugas, loros, búhos, guacamayas, azucareros, pavones, paujiles, águilas, zamuros, aulladores, armadillos, ocarros, chigüiros, osos hormigueros, ocelotes, jaguares, nutrias, murciélagos, cuerpo espines, zorros, venados y delfines, que pasan sus días entre; cedros, moriches, saladillos, caraños, yarumos, laureles, caimos, guaduas, guamos, alcornoques, chaparros, arepillos, palmiches y gualtes.

  9. Kualitas Air Tanah di Tiga Ibu Kota Kecamatan (Kutowinangun, Prembun dan Kutoarjo dan Kaitannya dengan Sanitasi Lingkungan Sekitar

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    S Sudarmadji

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Air tanah masih merupakan sumber air untuk keperluan sehari-hari bagi penduduk perkotaan, lebih-lebih kota kecil pada umumnya. Sumber daya air menunjukkan gejala penurunan kualitas yang disebabkan oleh dampak berbagai macam kegiatan yang menghasilkan limbah dan sistem sanitasi lingkungan yang kurang baik. Daerah-daerah perkotaan yang terletak di dataran alluvial pantai dapat merupakan daerah yang rawan terhadap pencemaran air tanah. Tiga ibu kota kecamatan, yaitu Kutowinangun dan Prembun, Kabupaten Kebumen dan Kutoarjo Kabupaten Purworejo yang terletak saling berdekatan diteliti untuk mengetahui kualitas air tanah yang merupakan sumber air domestik penduduknya dalam kaitannya dengan kondisi sanitasi lingkungan serta persepsi masyarakat terhadap pencemaran sumber air tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan mengadakan pengamatan di lapangan wawancara dengan penduduk serta analisis laboratorium terhadap sampel air tanah yang diambil. Hasil analisis laboratorium menunjukkan gejala kualitas air di tiga kota tersebut sudah memperlihatkan gejala penurunan, walaupun belum sampai melampaui ambang batas baku mutu air Golongan B. Penurunan tersebut terlibat dengan tingginya kadar NO2, SO4, Cl, COD dan bakteri coli. Diperkirakan bahwa tingginya kadar zat tersebut terkait dengan masalah limbah yang dibuang, yang didukung oleh sanitasi lingkungan yang masih belum baik. Kadar NO2 dan NO3 cenderung lebih tinggi di daerah pusat kota yang merupakan pusat aktivitas penduduk, dibandingkan dengan daerah pinggir kota. Limbah dari aktivitas kegiatan penduduk di pusat-pusat pelayanan umum, termasuk juga dari sarana transportasi di jalan raya dapat merupakan sumber pencemar air tanah. Bakteri coli pada umumnya tinggi di ketiga kota yang diteliti, melebihi 2400 MPN/100ml. Angka COD yang tinggi teramati didalam air tanah Kutowinangun dan Prembun, lebih dari 25% sampel di kedua kota ini memiliki COD diatas 10 mg/l, sedangkan di Kutoarjo relatif lebih rendah. Hal yang

  10. KENDALA PADA PENDEDERAN BENIH IKAN BERONANG LADA (Siganus canaliculatus PADA KERAMBA JARING APUNG DI PERAIRAN PULAU SIRAI, TANJUNGPINANG

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    Philip Teguh Imanto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Beronang lada (Siganus canaliculatus adalah kelompok ikan yang banyak ditemukan di perairan pantai dan rataan terumbu karang, memiliki nilai ekonomis yang cukup tinggi terutama pada saat hari raya Imlek, di mana ikan yang matang gonad sangat digemari dan mencapai harga tertinggi hingga Rp 110 ribu/kg. Hal ini menarik minat pembudidaya untuk memelihara dan membesarkan dengan tujuan mencapai ukuran matang gonad pada saat tersebut. Ketersediaan benih yang melimpah dan mudah diperoleh menyebabkan pengusaha memelihara dengan kepadatan tinggi hingga 5 ribu ekor per kurungan berukuran 3 m x 3 m x 2 m (18 m3, dengan sediaan pakan potongan padang lamun dan pelet kakap komersial seri KPA 3-4. Kendala kematian benih yang cukup tinggi muncul pada saat pemeliharaan, yang dicirikan dengan gerakan abnormal, mulut kemerahan, dan ekor yang terkikis. Pengamatan lapang dilakukan pada fasilitas pemeliharaan dan wawancara untuk mendapat gambaran umum kondisi budidaya, serta pengambilan sampel benih sehat dan yang bermasalah untuk observasi visual (organoleptik maupun secara mikroskopik. Hasil pengamatan dengan miksroskop diketahui mulut yang memerah disebabkan kerusakan pada gigi dan bibir, serta ekor yang terkikis lebih disebabkan gigitan benih ikan yang sehat. Perbaikan manajemen budidaya disarankan dilakukan dengan mengurangi tingkat kepadatan, penggunaan pelet basah (moist pellet serta meningkatkan frekuensi pemberian pakan diharapkan dapat membantu mengatasi permasalahan.

  11. PREDIKSI VOLUME LALU LINTAS ANGKUTAN LEBARAN PADA WILAYAH JAWA TENGAH DENGAN METODE K-MEANS CLUSTERING UNTUK ADAPTIVE NEURO FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM (ANFIS

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    Evanita Evanita

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Di Indonesia kepadatan arus lalu lintas terjadi pada jam berangkat dan pulang kantor, hari-hari libur panjang atau hari-hari besar nasional terutama saat hari raya Idul Fitri (lebaran. Mudik sudah menjadi tradisi bagi masyarakat Indonesia yang ditunggu-tunggu menjelang lebaran, berbondong-bondong untuk pulang ke kampung halaman untuk bertemu dan berkumpul dengan keluarga. Kegiatan rutin tahunan ini banyak di lakukan khususnya bagi masyarakat kota-kota besar seperti Jakarta, dimana diketahui bahwa Jakarta adalah Ibu kota negara Republik Indonesia dan menjadi tujuan merantau untuk mencari pekerjaan yang lebih layak yang merupakan harapan besar bagi masyarakat desa. Volume kendaraan bertambah sejak 7 hari menjelang lebaran sampai 7 hari setelah lebaran tiap tahunnya terutama pada arah keluar dan masuk wilayah Jawa Tengah yang banyak menjadi tujuan mudik. Volume kendaraan saat arus mudik yang selalu meningkat inilah yang akan diteliti lebih lanjut dengan metode ANFIS agar dapat menjadi alternatif solusi langkah apa yang akan dilakukan di tahun selanjutnya agar pelayanan lalu lintas, kemacetan panjang dan angka kecelakaan berkurang. Dengan input parameter ANFIS yang digunakan yaitu pengclusteran hingga 5 cluster, epoch 100, error goal 0 diperoleh performa terbaik ANFIS dengan K-Means clustering yang terbagi menjadi 3 cluster, epoch terbaik sebesar 20 dengan RMSE Training terbaik sebesar 0,1198, RMSE Testing terbaik sebesar 0,0282 dan waktu proses tersingkat sebesar 0,0695.Selanjutnya hasil prediksi diharapkan dapat bermanfaat menjadi alternatif solusi langkah apa yang akan dilakukan di tahun selanjutnya agar pelayanan lalu lintas lebih baik lagi. Kata kunci: angkutan lebaran, Jawa Tengah, ANFIS.

  12. Uji kinerja Turbin arus laut-Twin Hull 10 Kilowatt di Jembatan Suramadu

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    Afian Kasharjanto

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Melalui Program Pengembangan Teknologi Industri (PPTI - Ristekdikti tahun 2016 telah di lakukan uji fungsi Turbin arus laut Twin Turbine -10 Kilowatt selama 1 (satu bulan sejak 28 Nopember sampai dengan 30 Desember 2016. Turbin yang di gunakan adalah turbin yang pernah di uji pada tahun 2015 dilokasi yang sama  yaitu di bawah Jembatan Suramadu – Pile   56 tetapi rasio transmisi yang pada awalnya di buat 1 : 22,5 di turunkan menjadi 1: 12. Perubahan di lakukan karena putaran generator melebihi putaran maksimum yang di ijinkan generator sehingga terjadi beban arus besar (melebihi kapasitas Inverter sehingga Inverter dapat terbakar. Tujuan dari kegiatan adalah untuk mengetahui daya listrik yang dapat di hasilkan oleh turbin tipe dua rotor (Twin Turbine untuk operasional di bawah Jembatan.  Melalui pengukuran langsung selama 30 hari siang dan malam, akan di dapat data daya listrik maksimal sebagai fungsi dari kecepatan arus laut dan ukuran rotor Tubin. Data kemudian di olah untuk mendapatkan nilai besaran daya listrik dan efisiensi. Cutt-in speed terjadi pada kecepatan arus 0,6 m/dt dan menghasilkan daya minimal pada masing – masing generator sebesar 480 Watt dan kecepatan arus maksimal terjadi pada 1,10 m/dt , menghasilkan daya maksimal 2,230 watt.Beban lampu di distribusikan bukan hanya di dalam turbin tetapi juga di tempelkan pada tiang Plie – 56 sebagai uji coba untuk penerangan di sepanjang jalan raya pada Pile-56 Jembatan Suramadu.           Kata kunci : Uji Fungsi turbin, Jembatan Suramadu, Rasio transmisi mekanik, Cutt-in speed

  13. Hubungan Pemberian Susu Formula dengan Kejadian Diare pada Bayi Usia 0-6 Bulan

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    Iskandar Iskandar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available There are many factors effects on giving formulation milk, such as income, behavior pattern, the baby find not colostrum and ASI exclusive, behaviour giving of formulation milk, MP ASI, safety and healthy equipment, contamination microbe. The aim of this research is to known the factors that effect on giving formulation milk about diarhea for baby at Teupin Raya Public healt centre regency Pidie.Research Method: This method is analitical descriptive by using design based on study case control that already done on 08th-23rd of february 2014 by samples 72. The research was quota simple samples that’s consists of 36 samples as case and 36 samples control. Variables are the effect of giving formulation milk about diarhea. Data was collected by interview that using questionare, then analyzed it by proving based on chi square test in stage of accurancy (0,05 and Odd Ratio.Result of  research: This research show that thereis influance the way of given powder milk to baby with diarhea that ages 0-6 bulan month with value P ; 0,009 (p < 0,05 and the result analysis got by score OR:4,09 ( CI : 1,52 – 11,00. Conclution and suggestion : The baby  that given formulation milk it does not give protection effect while diarhea happening than the baby that given powder milk to baby. The writen expected to medical employed at Publik Healt Centre to know the influences of the way of given formulation milk to baby with diarhea

  14. Chondrichthyans of the San Matías Gulf, Patagonia, Argentina Los condrictios del Golfo San Matías, Patagonia, Argentina

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    María R PERIER

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The San Matías Gulf (SMG; 41°- 42° S; 64°- 65° W is the largest gulf in Northern Patagonia, Argentina. Up to date, the chondrichthyan fauna of this area has not been reported. Therefore, the aim of this work is to provide a list with species presence and biological characteristics of the chondrichthyans recorded in SMG during the last 30 years. A total of 13 sharks distributed in 11 families, 19 skates and rays distributed in six families, and one holocephalan have been so far recorded in SMG. From the zoogeographical point of view, this chondrichthyan fauna is a mixed assemblage of species typically found in the Argentinean and Magellanean Provinces. The holocephalan Callorhinchus callorynchus is the most landed chondricthyan of the local fishery. With it, five sharks and seven skates are also exploited.El Golfo San Matías (SMG; 41°- 42° S - 64°-65° O se encuentra ubicado en el norte de la Patagonia, Argentina. Hasta la fecha no se cuentan con reportes de la fauna de condrictios de esta zona. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo es proporcionar una lista de la presencia y las características biológicas de los condrictios registrados en el SMG durante los últimos 30 años. Un total de 13 tiburones distribuidos en 11 familias, 19 batoideos distribuidos en seis familias y un holocefalo han sido reportados para la zona. Desde el punto de vista zoogeográfico, el SMG presenta un ensamble de especies pertenecientes a las Provincias Magallánica y Argentina. El holocefalo Callorhinchus callorynchus es el condrictio más desembarcado de la pesquería local. Con menor importancia son explotadas comercialmente, cinco especies de tiburones y siete de rayas.

  15. Production of Xenon Compounds by the Beta Decay of Iodine in Iodine Compounds; Production de Composes du Xenon par Desintegration Beta de l'Iode dans les Composes Iodes; 041f 0420 041e 0418 0417 0412 041e 0414 0421 0422 0412 041e 0421 041e 0415 0414 0418 041d 0415 041d 0418 0419 041a 0421 0415 041d 041e 041d 0410 041f 041e 0421 0420 0415 0414 0421 0422 0412 041e 041c 0411 0415 0422 0410 - 0420 0410 0421 041f 0410 0414 0410 0419 041e 0414 0410 0412 0419 041e 0414 0418 0421 0422 042b 0425 0421 041e 0415 0414 0418 041d 0415 041d 0418 042f 0425 ; Produccion de Compuestos de Xenon por Desintegracion Beta del Yodo de Compuestos Yodados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlow, G. J.; Perlow, M. R. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1965-04-15

    de XeCl{sub 4}{sup -} avec ICI{sub 4}{sup -}, ainsi que de XeO{sub 3} avec IO{sub 3}{sup -}. Le spectre de KIO{sub 4} non dedouble implique que le tetraedre de coordination de l'iode est conserve dans XeO{sub 4} forme. De meme, l'obtention du paraperiodate est compatible avec la conservation de son octaedre. (author) [Spanish] Como es sabido, en la mayoria de las desintegraciones beta no se altera el numero de electrones del atomo que contiene el nucleo que experimenta la desintegracion. En la desintegracion beta {sup 129}I -{yields} {sup 129}Xe de un compuesto yodado, la estructura electronica y la geometria suelen ser favorables para la formacion de un compuesto de xenon con los mismos ligandos. Este proceso se ha descubierto y estudiado por aplicacion del efecto Moessbauer al {sup 129}Xe. El primer estado excitado del {sup 129}Xe tiene las caracteristicas J{sup {pi}} = 3+/2, T{sub Vulgar-Fraction-One-Half} = 10{sup -9} * s, y su nivel energetico es superior en 40 keV al estado fundamental 1/2{sup +}. Proviene de la desintegracion del {sup 129}I (1, 6 x 10{sup 6} a). El efecto Moessbauer del rayo gamma de 40 keV puede observarse facilmente con distint'as fuentes y absorbedores en experimentos realizados a 4, 2 Degree-Sign K. El desdoblamiento de los cuadripolos electricos del estado excitado origina dos rayas de absorcion cuando se aplica el desplazamiento de Doppler en la exploracion del espectro. La separacion entre las rayas es caracteristica de la configuracion electronica del xenon y suele identificar la estructura de manera inequivoca. En los primeros experimentos se utilizo una fuente de Na{sup 129}I con absorbedores de clatrato de hidroquinona, Na{sub 4}XeO{sub 6}, XeF{sub 4} y XeF{sub 2}. Se observaron espectros de una sola raya en el caso del clatrato y del perxenato, y de dos rayas en el caso de los fluoruros. La raya aislada indica que en la fuente I -{yields} Xe Degree-Sign (su descendiente isoelectronico). Al utilizar como fuente Na{sub 3}H{sub 2}l

  16. RAMBUT SEBAGAI BIOINDIKATOR PENCEMARAN TIMBAL PADA PENDUDUK DI KECAMATAN SEMARANG UTARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Marianti

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Timbal (Pb bersifat toksik, karsinogenik, bioakumulator dan biomagnifikasi. Bioakumulasi Pb dapat terjadi pada kuku, hati dan rambut. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendeteksi apakah telah terjadi pencemaran timbal pada penduduk di kecamatan Semarang Utara dengan menggunakan rambut sebagai bioindikator. Penelitian deskriptif eksploratif ini menggunakan populasi seluruh penduduk di kecamatan Semarang Utara. Sampel diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling yaitu penduduk laki-laki berumur antara 17 sampai dengan 50 tahun yang tinggal di kelurahan Tanjung Mas dan Bandarharjo Semarang Utara, minimal selama 5 tahun terakhir terus menerus. Kadar timbal pada tubuh dideteksi dari kadar timbal yang terakumulasi pada rambut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat kandungan timbal pada rambut 56 sampel.  Kadar timbal  tertinggi sebesar 17,028 ppm dan rata-rata 8,304 ppm. Penyebabnya diduga bukan berasal dari emisis kendaraan bermotor di jalan raya mengingat profesi sampel sebagian besar adalah nelayan, tetapi kemungkinan berasal dari air minum yang mereka konsumsi. Sampel air minum yang dikonsumsi terdeteksi mengandung timbal rata-rata 6 ppm. Simpulan dari penelitian ini telah terjadi pencemaran timbal pada sebagian penduduk  Semarang Utara dengan tingkat ringan sampai sedang. Pencemaran diduga berasal dari air minum yang dikonsumsi. Lead (Pb are toxic, carcinogenic, bioaccumulator and biomagnification. Pb bioaccumulation may occur in the nail, liver and hair. The research aimed to detect whether lead pollution has affected the people in North Semarang, using hair as bioindicator. The population of this explorative descriptive research was all residents of Sub-District of North Semarang. Samples were taken using purposive sampling technique, i.e. male residents of Tanjung Mas and Bandarharjo aged between 17 and 50 years, who have stayed in the sites for at least 5 years without interruption. The lead level in their body was detected from their hair strand

  17. KANDUNGAN TSP DAN PM-10 DI UDARA JAKARTA DAN SEKITARNYA

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    Hendro Martono

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. A survey was performed to assess the quality of ambient air in Jakarta, Bogor,Depok,  Tangerang  and Bekasi.  Ambient air samples were collected from 33 sampling points at a distance of 0meter and 120 meters from each main roads respectively. The highest average content of TSP in ambientair at 0 meter was found in West Jakarta (652.02 p.g/cu.m and that of 120 meters from the main road was in Bekasi (445.46µg/cu.m . The highest difference of the TSP content between the two sampling pointswas in Kebon  Jeruk, West Jakarta (96.62 %,  and the lowest one was inCikarang, Bekasi (1.63 %.  Furthermore, the highest difference of the PM-10 content between the two sampling points was inJalan  Raya Bogor, Depok  (96.86 %,  and the lowest one was in Cikarang,  Bekasi (17.26%. In the whole areasof study, the average content of TSP  was 522.44.tg/cu.m  (0 meter, and178.09µg/cu.m (120 meters,  so the difference of the pollutant content between the two sampling points was 65.91%. Meanwhile, theaverage content of PM-10 was 326.25µg/cu.m  (0 meter, and97.09µg/cu.m (120 meters, so the difference of the pollutant content between the two sampling points was 70.24 %. The difference of the means ofboth TSP  and PM-10 content levels between the two sampling sites were significant. The percentages ofsampling points complying withTSP level standard were 9.52 %  (0 meter and 75.76% (120 meters from the road sides. While that of PM-10 were 18.18%  (road side sampling and 78.79% (120 meters from theroad sides.Crusial  measure for controlling theTSP  and PM-10 pollution should also be addressed tomobile sources, such as reducing diesel motorized-vehicles and providing proper mass transportation.

  18. Cabernet Sauvignon ve Merlot Şarapların Resveratrol Düzeyleri ve Ekolojik Koşulların Etkileri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkıs Çaylak Adıgüzel

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Fitoaleksinler bitkilerde patojen enfeksiyonuna bir reaksiyon olarak veya çeşitli biyotik ve abiyotik tetikleyicilerin etkisi sonucu oluşan fenolik madde karakterli, düşük molekül ağırlıklı antimikrobiyal bileşiklerdir. Resveratrol (trans–3,5,4’-trihidroksistilben de bir fitoaleksin olup, asma (Vitis vinifera, yer fıstığı (Arachis hypogaea ve diğer pek çok bitki türünde yaprak veya diğer organlarda yüksek miktarlarda bulunabilmektedir. Resveratrol asmada gövde, sürgün ve yapraklar yanında, özellikle renkli çeşitlerin tane kabuğunda bol miktarda sentezlenebilmekte ve şarap yapımı sırasında şıraya, şıradan da şaraba geçmektedir. Son yıllarda resveratrolün antikanserojen özelliği ve antioksidan karakteri nedeniyle sağlık yararları üzerine yoğun araştırmalar yapılmakta ve günlük diyette alımı önerilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Ege, Marmara ve Trakya Bölgeleri’nde üretilen kimi bağlardan sağlanan Cabernet sauvignon ve Merlot siyah üzümlerinden üretilmiş şaraplarda bulunan resveratrol miktarları Yüksek Performanslı Sıvı Kromatografisi yöntemi kullanılarak belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar bölgelerin ekolojik koşulları açısından birbirleriyle karşılaştırılmış ve resveratrol miktarı ile bu parametreler arasındaki korelasyon araştırılmıştır. Resveratrol konsantrasyonunun üzüm çeşidi ve bölgelerin iklim şartlarına bağlı olarak farklılıklar gösterebileceği görülmüştür.

  19. La experiencia vivida de la mujer con enfermedad cardiovascular revascularizada: un estudio de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inna Elida Florez Torres

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Comprender los significados de la experiencia vivida de una mujer revascularizada por enfermedad coronaria. Metodología: Estudio de caso fenomenológico con perspectiva de género, realizado en Cartagena, Colombia, entre febrero y junio de 2015. El análisis temático estuvo guiado por el método de Van Manen.  Resultados: La experiencia del cuerpo vivido significó percibir el anuncio de la enfermedad, prever los estragos sobre la corporeidad y feminidad, y anticiparse al sufrimiento. Las relaciones vividas significaron mantener un diálogo con un ser superior, una conexión de ayuda y dependencia con los cuidadores, Sentirse “al revés”: de cuidadora a cuidada. La experiencia del espacio vivido significó la entrada al quirófano: Atravesar la raya roja; la estancia en la unidad de cuidado intensivo, recibir un cuidado en soledad; salir de ella, la alegría de ganar una lucha. El tiempo vivido significó un punto de quiebre entre el antes y el ahora, un tránsito temporal de la experiencia, y recuperarse para mantener el rol. Las cosas vividas significaron una preocupación anticipada y una  pérdida del dominio del rol. Conclusión: Los significados otorgados a la experiencia permiten comprender su particularidad existencial. Durante la espera para la cirugía, la mujer se anticipa a los efectos sobre el rol social, sus dinámicas e interacciones; al enfrentarse al procedimiento, vive una situación límite. Intervenciones sensibles al género son requeridas para reconocer las necesidades de la mujer en los diferentes contextos de cuidado.

  20. Small-Angle Scattering of Neutrons by Iron and Nickel Close to the Curie Point; Diffusion aux petits angles des neutrons par le fer et le nickel au voisinage du point de curie; Rasseyanie nejtronov pod malymi uglami zhelezom i nikelem, blizkikh k tochke kyuri; Dispersion de neutrones en angulos pequenos por el hierro y el niquel cerca del punto de curie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacrot, B.; Konstantinovic, J.; Parette, G.; Cribier, D. [Centre d' etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)

    1963-01-15

    Recent studies on critical scattering by iron have thrown fresh light on the results obtained previously and shown that: (1) At the Curie point, scattering is inelastic. The Lorentzian form of the lines and their angular dependence establish the existence of a scattering process having the diffusion coefficient 2m {Omega}/n = 7. (2) At the Curie point, the coefficient K{sub 1}{sup 2} is less than 5 x 10{sup -5} A{sup -2}. Iron and nickel have very different angular distribution. Small-angle scattering below T{sub c} has also been studied. (author) [French] De nouveaux travaux sur la diffusion critique par le fer ont permis de completer les resultats obtenus anterieurement. Ils etablissent les faits suivants: 1. Au point de Curie la diffusion est inelastique. La forme lorentzienne des raies et leur dependance angulaire etablissent l'existence d*un processus de diffusion avec un coefficient de diffusion 2m{Omega}/n = 7. 2. Au point de Curie le coefficient K{sub 1}{sup 2} est inferieur a 5 x 10{sup -5} A{sup -2}. La distribution angulaire est tres differente dans le cas du fer et du nickel. On a egalement etudie la diffusion aux petits angles en dessous de T{sub c}. (author) [Spanish] Nuevos trabajos sobre la dispersion critica por el hierro han permitido completar los resultados obtenidos anteriormente. Dichos trabajos prueban los hechos siguientes: 1) La dispersion es inelastica en el punto de Curie. La forma lorentziana de las rayas y su dependencia angular demuestran la existencia de un proceso de dispersion con un coeficiente de dispersion igual a 2m {Omega}/n = 7. 2) En el punto de Curie, el coeficiente K{sub 1}{sup 2} es inferior a 5 x 10{sup -5} A{sup -2}. La distribucion angular es muy diferente en el caso del hierro y del ni quel. Se ha estudiado tambien la dispersion en pequenos angulos por debajo de T{sub c}. (author)

  1. New Approach in Modelling Indonesian Peat Fire Emission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putra, E. I.; Cochrane, M. A.; Saharjo, B.; Yokelson, R. J.; Stockwell, C.; Vetrita, Y.; Zhang, X.; Hagen, S. C.; Nurhayati, A. D.; Graham, L.

    2017-12-01

    Peat fires are a serious problem for Indonesia, producing devastating environmental effects and making the country the 3rd largest emitter of CO2. Extensive fires ravaged vast areas of peatlands in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua during the pronounced El-Nino of 2015, causing international concern when the resultant haze blanketed Indonesia and neighboring countries, severely impacting the health of millions of people. Our recent unprecedented in-situ studies of aerosol and gas emissions from 35 peat fires of varying depths near Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan have documented the range and variability of emissions from these major fires. We strongly suggest revisions to previously recommended IPPC's emission factors (EFs) from peat fires, notably: CO2 (-8%), CH4 (-55%), NH3 (-86%), and CO (+39%). Our findings clearly showed that Indonesian carbon equivalent measurements (100 years) might have been 19% less than what current IPCC emission factors indicate. The results also demonstrate the toxic air quality in the area with HCN, which is almost only emitted by biomass burning, accounting for 0.28% and the carcinogenic compound formaldehyde 0.04% of emissions. However, considerable variation in emissions may exist between peat fires of different Indonesian peat formations, illustrating the need for additional regional field emissions measurements for parameterizing peatland emissions models for all of Indonesia's major peatland areas. Through the continuous mutual research collaboration between the Indonesian and USA scientists, we will implement our standardized field-based analyses of fuels, hydrology, peat burning characteristics and fire emissions to characterize the three major Indonesian peatland formations across four study provinces (Central Kalimantan, Riau, Jambi and West Papua). We will provide spatial and temporal drivers of the modeled emissions and validate them at a national level using biomass burning emissions estimations derived from Visible

  2. INTESTINAL PARASITES AND MALARIA IN MUSI BANYU ASIN AND OGAN KOMERING ULU REGENCIES, SOUTH SUMATRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Patrick Carney

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada bulan Mei 1973 diadakan survey tinja dan darah di lima desa di Sumatra Selatan untuk mengetahui aspek-aspek penyakit parasit pada penduduk asli dan para transmigran yang datang antara tahun 1935 dan 1955. Desa-desa Tanjung Kerang, Simpang Langkap dan Biuku di Kabupaten Musi Banyu Asin yang terletak di sebelah barat laut kota Palembang merupakan daerah hutan-ladang-huma dan perkebunan karet rakyat dikelilingi oleh rawa-rawa, yang di diami oleh penduduk asli. Desa-desa Sidomulyo dan Tanjung Raya di Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu, terletak di sebelah tenggara' kota Palembang, adalah tempat transmigrasi yang merupakan daerah persawahan." Dari 358 orang yang diperiksa tinjanya yang terdiri dari 193 laki-laki dan 165 wanita, di keiemukan 97 per cent terinfeksi oleh sedikitnya satu macam parasit, 87 per cent oleh 2 macam parasit atau lebih dan 55 per cent oleh 3 macam parasit atau lebih. Telur-telur cacing yang di temukan antara lain ialah: Trichuris trichiura. (83 per cent, Ascaris lumbricoides (78 per cent dan cacing tambang (59 per cent. Enterobius vermicularis (1 per cent dan Strongyloides stercoralis (0,3 per cent jarang di jumpai. Entamoeba coli (29 per cent merupakan parasit protozoa yang biasa di temukan. Jumlah rata-rata protozoa yang ada dalam usus ialah: Entamoeba histofytica (4 per cent, Entamoeba hartmanni (1 per cent, Endolimax nona (5 per cent, Iodamoeba butschlii (5 per cent, Giardia lamblia (3 per cent dan Chilomastbc mesnili (4 per cent. Distribusi dari parasit usus hampir sama di antara golongan laki-laki dan wanita; meskipun tanah memegang peranan yang sama dalam pemindahan cacing-cacing, tetapi A. lumbricoides dan T. trichiura lebih banyak di jumpai pada wanita, sedangkan cacing tambang lebih banyak pada laki-laki. Prevalensi parasit usus menurut golongan umur adalah sebagai berikut: A. lumbricoides lebih banyak pada golongan muda, T. trichiura merata pada semua golongan umur, tetapi yang terbanyak pada golongan umur antara 30

  3. Teste do reflexo vermelho: forma de prevenção à cegueira na infância Test del reflejo rojo: forma de prevención de la ceguera en la niñez Red reflex: prevention way to blindness in childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Sousa Carvalho de Aguiar

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Estudo exploratório, quantitativo, que objetivou investigar o resultado e as gradações de cor do teste do reflexo vermelho em recém-nascidos (RN. Amostra composta de 180 RN de uma maternidade em Fortaleza-CE. Destes, 156 tiveram resultado "não alterado" e 24 "suspeito". Quanto ao aspecto do reflexo, em 144 RN a coloração foi a mesma nos dois olhos, enquanto em 35 apresentou-se vermelha, em 33, laranja avermelhada, em 46, alaranjada, em 24, amarelo claro, em 6 amarela com manchas esbranquiçadas centrais. Dos casos suspeitos, o reflexo mostrou-se amarelo claro com manchas esbranquiçadas ou rajadas. O enfermeiro treinado é um dos profissionais competentes para realizar o teste, podendo desempenhar importante papel na Unidade Neonatal com ações de prevenção de alterações oculares na infância.Estudio exploratorio, cuantitativo, que tuvo como objeto investigar el resultado y las gradaciones de color del test del reflejo rojo en recién nacidos (RN. La muestra constó de 180 RN de una maternidad en Fortaleza-CE. De estes, 156 presentaron resultado "no alterado" y 24 "sospechoso". Cuanto al aspecto del reflejo, 144 RN presentaron la misma coloración en los dos ojos, de estes 35 presentó rojo, 33 naranja rojizo, 46 anaranjado, 24 amarillo claro, 6 amarillo con manchas blanquecinas centrales. De los casos sospechosos, el reflejo presentó amarillo claro con manchas blanquecinas con rayas. El enfermero entrenado para realizar el test del reflejo rojo puede desempeñar importante papel en la Unidad Neonatal con acciones de prevención de alteraciones oculares en la niñez.This study had as objective to investigate the result and the colour gradation of red reflex test in newborns (NB. It is a exploratory, quantitative study and the sample was 180 NB from maternity ward in Fortaleza-CE. From this, 156 showed result "no altered" and 24 "suspect". About the aspect of red reflex, 144 NB showed the same coloration in the two eyes, in 35 of

  4. Narrativa centroamericana: frontera, violencia y exilio. Apuntes para una crónica de la corrupción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Angélica Cuevas Velasco

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Centroamérica ha sido campo fértil para la consolidación de una literatura ligada a los conflictos de identidad que enmarcan otro gran número de problemas sociales y políticos. A pesar de ser parte de una región que guarda una riqueza y similitud natural y antropológica vasta, es evidente que existe un afán colectivo por señalar las diferencias ideológicas y culturales que existen entre los distintos territorios políticos que segmentan la región. El artículo busca exponer cómo se construyen estas segmentaciones, cómo se erigen fronteras discursivas que mantienen a raya la fraternidad y profundizan las brechas que se forman entre las zonas limítrofes de estas naciones tan relacionadas entre sí por factores que van más allá de la coincidencia geográfica. Todas las obras sometidas a lectura concentran una trama en la que los personajes se dirimen en dos clases de fronteras en las que la metáfora de la escisión recae entre las diferencias ilusorias que se forjan entre seres de distinto color de piel, nacionalidad o posición social. Central America has been a fertile ground for the consolidation of a literature linked to conflicts of identity that frame a number of other social and political problems. Despite the fact of being part of a region that bears a similarity in the natural and anthropological wealth, it is clear that there is a collective effort to point out the ideological and cultural differences between the various political territories that divide the region. The article to expose how these cleavages are built as discursive boundaries that keep in line the fraternity and go in depth the gaps that are form between the border areas of these nations as related by factors beyond the geographical coincidence. All fictions submitted to reading concentrate a plot in which the characters are settled in two kinds of boundaries, in the metaphor of the split lies between the illusory differences emerging between beings of

  5. Land degradation trends in upper catchments and morphological developments of braided rivers in drylands: the case of a marginal graben of the Ethiopian Rift Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demissie, Biadgilgn; Frankl, Amaury; Haile, Mitiku; Nyssen, Jan

    2014-05-01

    Braided rivers have received relatively little attention in research and development activities in drylands. However, they strongly impact agroecology and agricultural activities and thereby local livelihoods. The Raya Graben (3750 km² including the escarpment) is a marginal graben of the Ethiopian Rift Valley located in North Ethiopia. In order to study the dynamics of braided rivers and the relationship with biophysical controls, 20 representative catchments were selected, ranging between 15 and 311 km². First, the 2005 morphology (length, area) of the braided rivers was related to biophysical controls (vegetation cover, catchment area and slope gradient in the steep upper catchments and gradient in the graben bottom). Second, the changes in length of the braided rivers were related to vegetation cover changes in the upper catchments since 1972. Landsat imagery was used to calculate the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and to map vegetation cover and the total length of the braided rivers. Spot CNES imagery available from Google Earth was used to identify the total area of the braided rivers in 2005. A linear regression analysis revealed that the length of braided rivers was positively related to the catchment area (R²=0.32, p<0.01), but insignificantly related to vegetation cover in the upper catchments. However, there is an indication that it is an important factor in the relationship calculated for 2005 (R²=0.2, p=0.064). Similarly, the area occupied by the braided rivers was related to NDVI (R²=0.24, p<0.05) and upper catchment area (R²=0.447, p<0.01). Slope gradient is not an important explanatory factor. This is related to the fact that slope gradients are steep (average of 38.1%) in all upper and gentle (average of 3.4%) in graben bottom catchments. The vegetation cover in the upper catchments shows a statistically insignificant increasing trend (R²=0.73, p=0.067) over the last 40 years, whereas length of rivers in the graben bottom

  6. Rambut Sebagai Bioindikator Pencemaran Timbal Pada Penduduk di Kecamatan Semarang Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Marianti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Timbal (Pb bersifat toksik, karsinogenik, bioakumulator dan biomagnifikasi. Bioakumulasi Pb dapat terjadi pada kuku, hati dan rambut. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendeteksi apakah telah terjadi pencemaran timbal pada penduduk di kecamatan Semarang Utara dengan menggunakan rambut sebagai bioindikator. Penelitian deskriptif eksploratif ini menggunakan populasi seluruh penduduk di kecamatan Semarang Utara. Sampel diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling yaitu penduduk laki-laki berumur antara 17 sampai dengan 50 tahun yang tinggal di kelurahan Tanjung Mas dan Bandarharjo Semarang Utara, minimal selama 5 tahun terakhir terus menerus. Kadar timbal pada tubuh dideteksi dari kadar timbal yang terakumulasi pada rambut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat kandungan timbal pada rambut 56 sampel. Kadar timbal tertinggi sebesar 17,028 ppm dan rata-rata 8,304 ppm. Penyebabnya diduga bukan berasal dari emisis kendaraan bermotor di jalan raya mengingat profesi sampel sebagian besar adalah nelayan, tetapi kemungkinan berasal dari air minum yang mereka konsumsi. Sampel air minum yang dikonsumsi terdeteksi mengandung timbal rata-rata 6 ppm. Simpulan dari penelitian ini telah terjadi pencemaran timbal pada sebagian penduduk Semarang Utara dengan tingkat ringan sampai sedang. Pencemaran diduga berasal dari air minum yang dikonsumsi.Lead (Pb are toxic, carcinogenic, bioaccumulator and biomagnification. Pb bioaccumulation may occur in the nail, liver and hair. The research aimed to detect whether lead pollution has affected the people in North Semarang, using hair as bioindicator. The population of this explorative descriptive research was all residents of Sub-District of North Semarang. Samples were taken using purposive sampling technique, i.e. male residents of Tanjung Mas and Bandarharjo aged between 17 and 50 years, who have stayed in the sites for at least 5 years without interruption. The lead level in their body was detected from their hair strand using AAS

  7. Keberlanjutan dan Perubahan Pakarena Paolle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fifie Febryanti Sukman

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Kehadiran Tarian Paolle dalam masyarakat Bantaeng merupakan latar belakangkebiasaan yang mengikuti tradisi leluhur mereka yang dilakukan sejak zaman dahulumelalui upacara adat yang memiliki Paolle Dance di dalamnya. Perubahan dari segibentuk Tarian Paolle terletak pada seorang penari, tempat, dan kostum. Para penariPaolle hari ini juga berbeda dari penari pertama pada zaman Kerajaan Paolle. Sepertipada hari-hari tertentu, para penari Raya Paolle adalah gadis remaja yang masihdalam keadaan suci atau tidak menstruasi, di saat para penari menjadi orang tua,mereka memiliki banyak pengalaman hidup dalam menari, sebuah praktik yangpada awalnya merupakan milik kerajaan, yang dapat dipilih dan dilihat oleh publikdi lapangan. Kostum atau pakaian yang digunakan para penari adalah irisan hitambodo yang sangat tipis dan sekarang hal itu berubah menjadi merah. KeberlanjutanTarian Paolle di masa sekarang harus dilihat dalam pernikahan atau baby shower.Masyarakat Bantaeng masih menunjukkan tarian ini dalam siklus hidup, misalnya,dalam acara pernikahan, sunat atau hanya berfungsi sebagai hiburan Tarian Paolle. Continuities and Changes of Pakarena Paolle. The background presence of PaolleDance in Bantaeng societies is a habit that follows the customs of their ancestors whohave practiced them since the time immemorial through the traditional ceremony that hasPaolle Dance in it. Changes in terms of the shape of Paolle Dance depend on a dancer,a venue, and costumes. Today’s Paolle Dancers are also different from the first dancers inKingdom era of Paolle. On the days of the Kingdom Paolle, dancers were teenage girls whowere still in a state of purity or not menstruation, but now dancers are the parents becausethey have a lot of life experiences in dancing, a practice that was originally familiarizedin the kingdom can be seen by the public in the field. Costume outfit that used a very thinblack wedge of bodo now turns into red. Paolle Dance sustainability in the

  8. Pola Sebaran Kelompok Telur Ostrinia furnacalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Crambidae pada Beberapa Fase Pertumbuhan Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.

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    Subiadi Subiadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A field study was conducted to determine the distribution of egg masses of Ostrinia furnacalis on corn leaves and within corn field. The corn field was divided into three regions: the inner edge closed to other crops and outer edge closed to main road and the middle region. The numbers of egg masses laid were recorded entirely in all corn plants existed (census method. Egg laying period lasted for 34 days, with 11 days from initiation of egg laying to the peak of oviposition and 23 days from the peak to termination of egg laying. The egg masses laid on corn leaves were distributed in aggregation pattern. During eight-opened-leaf to twelve-opened-leaf stages, there were 847 egg masses found, and 80.9% was laid on the sixth-to-ninth leaves. From tasseling to blister stages there were 491 egg masses found of which approximately 80.7% was laid on the seventh-to-11 32.8, and 29.8% of those were found in the inner edge, middle, and outer edge of corn field, respectively. leaves. Egg masses laid within corn field varied, in which 37.4, 32.8, and 29.8% of those were found in the inner edge, middle, and outer edge of corn field, respectively.   Kajian lapang dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui pola sebaran peletakan kelompok telur ngengat Ostrinia furnacalis pada daun tanaman jagung dan penyebarannya pada lahan pertanaman jagung. Lahan penelitian dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok yaitu lahan pinggir dalam berdekatan dengan pertanaman lain, bagian tengah lahan, dan lahan pinggir luar berdekatan dengan jalan raya. Pengamatan kelompok telur dilakukan pada seluruh tanaman jagung (sensus. Periode peletakan telur berlangsung selama 34 hari, dengan periode inisiasi hingga puncak 11 hari dan periode setelah puncak hingga akhir peletakan telur 23 hari. Peletakan telur O. furnacalis pada daun tanaman jagung menyebar secara berkelompok. Pada fase 8 hingga 10 daun telah terbuka sempurna ditemukan sebanyak 847 kelompok telur, 80,9% diantaranya  ditemukan pada daun ke 6–9

  9. Peran Perguruan Tinggi, Pemerintah dan Investor dalam Membangun Wisata Pedesaan Di Jawa Barat Sebagai Upaya Mengurangi Kemiskinan

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    Dede R Oktini

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Jumlah penduduk miskin di Jawa Barat semakin lama semakin bertambah, sumber  mengatakan bahwa pada bulan Februari  2005 tingkat kemiskinan di Jawa Barat hanya 16 %, sedangkan per Juli 2005 naik menjadi 18,7% dan estimasi sementara untuk maret 2006 mencapai 22 %. (www.bps.co.id. Jumlah penduduk miskin di pedesaan lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan di perkotaan, misalnya saja pada tahun 2005 persentase kemiskinan di perkotaan hanya 11,37 % sedangkan di pedesaan mencapai 19,51 %. Demikian pula pada tahun-tahun sebelumnya jumlah penduduk miskin yang ada di pedesaan selalu lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan di perkotaan. Fenomena kemiskinan ini juga tampak dari aktivitas sehari-hari yang mana di pedesaan lebih terlihat bahwa banyak orang yang hanya menghabiskan waktu dengan duduk-duduk, sementara gadis dan pemudanya berkumpul di pos-pos ronda mengobrol hal-hal yang kurang bermanfaat. Kondisi buruk seperti ini tentunya tidak bisa dibiarkan dan masyarakat pedesaan khususnya di Jawa Barat tidak bisa tinggal diam hanya mengharapkan belas kasihan dari pemerintah, namun harus segera bergerak untuk berupaya terlepas dari  kemiskinan yang membelenggu. Di setiap daearah di Jawa Barat memiliki potensi yakni lahan pertanian seperti sawah, kebun dan ladang yang hingga saat ini hanya dimanfaatkan sesuai dengan fungsi dasarnya saja yaitu menanam padi dan tanaman lain, padahal sebenarnya lahan-lahan tersebut dapat lebih dimanfaatkan misalnya dijadikan lokasi pariwisata pedesaan tradisional. Namun demikian untuk mewujudkannya tentu diperlukan dukungan dari berbagai pihak yakni Perguruan Tinggi sebagai lembaga ilmiah berperan dalam mengembangkan sumber daya manusia / masyarakat setempat sebagai calon pramuwisata atau calon wirausaha, penghubung antara calon pramuwisata/ wirausahawan dengan pihak investor, sedangkan pemerintah berperan dalam menyediakan infrastruktur seperti jalan raya, listrik serta mendidik masyarakat agar lebih mencintai alam pedesaan. Sedangkan

  10. La Frontera como Recurso Turístico. Posibilidades del Bajo/Baixo Guadiana

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    José Manuel Jurado-Almonte

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available En el espacio de integración de la Unión Europea persisten las fronteras, ya sin las dificultades y barreras de antaño, pero manteniendo numerosos símbolos y elementos del patrimonio cultural que siguen marcando una diferencia. Son líneas divisorias y, a la vez, franjas de territorios de transición con un importante patrimonio natural y cultural que se convierten ahora en recursos de atracción para novedosas demandas turísticas. Por ello, se estudia ya el turismo de frontera como un nuevo producto donde el recurso de la frontera y la historia es el principal atractivo y destino, aunque de forma complementaria a otros recursos y productos turísticos. Al margen de otros territorios y destinos fronterizos de Europa o del mundo, nuestra preocupación investigadora se centra en la Raya luso-española, en su extremo sur, en el Bajo Guadiana, en espacios que participan del Algarve, Baixo Alentejo y Huelva. En este territorio se conjugan destinos turísticos consolidados (Algarve y Costa Occidental de Huelva con un interior muy próximo e ignoto para la mayor parte de los turistas alojados en ese borde costero, a apenas unas decenas de kilómetros. Sin embargo, en los últimos años, un incipiente espacio turístico parece abrirse tierras adentro (y aguas desde la costa. El estuario del Guadiana actúa de puerta de entradahacia un interior rico en recursos y patrimonios histórico-artísticos y naturales y que podría favorecerse de un turismo de frontera. Nuestra hipótesis principal es que el desarrollo del turismo de frontera podría ser una oportunidad para este territorio transfronterizo. En este trabajo tratamos, por tanto, de: -\tAnalizar el marco geográfico y el patrimonio natural y cultural de este ámbito transfronterizo, con una breve semblanza a su población y políticas de cooperación en materia de infraestructuras de accesibilidad y de turismo. -\tdiagnosticar este novedoso producto turístico y para este territorio en

  11. Arkeologi Pulau Kobror Kepulauan Aru

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    Marlon NR Ririmasse

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Aru islands is one of the key regions in the cultural historical study of Southeast Asia and Australia. This major role is represented at least by two aspects: firstly, the paleogeographical character of the Aru Islands as an extension of Sahul land that included New Guinea and Australia and secondly the role as a resource regio for exotic commodities such as pearl and bird of paradise. With this specific profile, Aru islands is potential to be studied archaeologically. Few archaeological studies had been initiated over last decade but still not balance with the colossal profile of regoin’s cultural history. This study tries to contribute in improving such condition by focusing on the archeological potential in the kobror island. As an initial study, this research has adopted the reconnaissance survey as a key method to collect data. Referential study also has been adapted to reconigze the historical background of the region. This study found that two major aspects : firstly, the prehistotic character of the archaeological profile of the region as represented by the presence of a rock art sites and secondly, living tradition as reflected by the representation of cave burial that associated with the application of boat as a symbol and traditional religion. Kepulauan Aru adalah salah satu kawasan terpenting dalam studi sejarah budaya di Asia Tenggara dan Australia. Peran penting ini setidaknya diwakili oleh dua aspek: pertama, karakter paleogeografi Kepulauan Aru yang merupakan bagian dari perluasan daratan besar Sahul yang mencakup juga Papua dan Australia serta kedua, peran khas wilayah ini sebagai salah satu kawasan sumber komoditi eksotik seperti mutiara dan bulu burung cendrawasih. Dengan profil yang sedemikian kepulauan ini sejatinya memiliki potensi arkeologis yang cukup raya untuk dikaji. Beberapa penelitian arkeologis pada tahap mula memang telah dilaksanakan. Namun dirasa belum berbanding lurus dengan luasnya cakupan sejarah budaya

  12. Cytotoxic effect of Alpinia scabra (Blume) Náves extracts on human breast and ovarian cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Annushuya Subba; Abd Malek, Sri Nurestri; Ibrahim, Halijah; Sim, Kae Shin

    2013-11-12

    Alpinia scabra, locally known as 'Lengkuas raya', is an aromatic, perennial and rhizomatous herb from the family Zingiberaceae. It is a wild species which grows largely on mountains at moderate elevations in Peninsular Malaysia, but it can also survive in the lowlands like in the states of Terengganu and Northern Johor. The present study reports the cytotoxic potential of A. scabra extracts from different parts of the plant. The experimental approach in the present study was based on a bioassay-guided fractionation. The crude methanol and fractionated extracts (hexane, chloroform and water) from different parts of A. scabra (leaves, rhizomes, roots and pseudo stems) were prepared prior to the cytotoxicity evaluation against human ovarian (SKOV-3) and hormone-dependent breast (MCF7) carcinoma cells. The identified cytotoxic extracts were then subjected to chemical investigations in order to identify the active ingredients. A normal human lung fibroblast cell line (MRC-5) was used to determine the specificity for cancerous cells. The cytotoxic extracts and fractions were also subjected to morphological assessment, DNA fragmentation analysis and DAPI nuclear staining. The leaf (hexane and chloroform) and rhizome (chloroform) extracts showed high inhibitory effect against the tested cells. Ten fractions (LC1-LC10) were yielded after purification of the leaf chloroform extract. Fraction LC4 which showed excellent cytotoxic activity was further purified and resulted in 17 sub-fractions (VLC1-VLC17). Sub-fraction VLC9 showed excellent cytotoxicity against MCF7 and SKOV-3 cells but not toxic against normal MRC-5 cells. Meanwhile, eighteen fractions (RC1-RC18) were obtained after purification of the rhizome chloroform extract, of which fraction RC5 showed cytotoxicity against SKOV-3 cells with high selectivity index. There were marked morphological changes when observed using phase-contrast inverted microscope, DAPI nuclear staining and also DNA fragmentations in MCF7 and

  13. Generadores de ruido antiguos

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    Roberto Velázquez C.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se informa sobre un grupo de artefactos arqueológicos singulares hechos de varios materiales como piedra, hueso, madera, metal y barro que pudieron ser usados como herramientas sonoras, pero no son muy conocidos ni se habían estudiado formalmente. Su función y uso originales se desconocen, pero los artefactos sonoros que se han examinado directamente pueden producir sonidos extraordinarios que se asemejan a los de algunos animales y de fenómenos de la naturaleza como el viento. Los más sencillos morfológicamente se pueden tocar dentro de la boca. Por el tipo de mecanismo sonoro y las señales que generan funcionan como generadores de ruido bucales. Morfológicamente, muestran dos perforaciones cara a cara y una cámara resonadora y de caos entre ellos. En este documento se proporciona la información disponible sobre los generadores de ruido bucales antiguos y contemporáneos que se han encontrado. Se aplica un método de análisis de aerófonos antiguos, mismo que ya se ha complementado y aplicado en más de sesenta estudios originales, incluyendo una tesis. En general, se indican las principales características organológicas, acústicas y posibles usos de los generadores de ruido bucales que fueron identificados y analizados por el autor. El análisis comparativo de los sonidos complejos y variables en el tiempo se realiza con espectrogramas y se dan estimaciones de algunos parámetros acústicos básicos como presión sonora (en dB y potencia acústica radiada máxima (en Watts. Los generadores de ruido bucales mesoamericanos conocidos provienen de varias zonas como las del Golfo y del Occidente, pero los últimos identificados son de las zonas de San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán, Veracruz y de San Juan Raya, Puebla. Finalmente, se sugieren trabajos para el futuro

  14. Rancang Bangun Prototype Counter Mobil Menggunakan Sensor Giant Magnetic Resistance (Gmr Berbasis Mikrokontroler

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    Adnan Ardiansyah

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Kapadatan lalu lintas salah satunya diakibatkan pertambahan jumlah mobil yang tidak seimbang dengan pertambahan panjang jalan. Data kepadatan lalu lintas dapat menjadi informasi yang berguna untuk statistik pengembangan jalan dan pengguna jalan. Data tersebut didapatkan dengan cara menghitung manual ataupun dengan detektor yang ditanam pada jalan atau kamera CCTV. Namun, cara tersebut tidak efisien karena data yang didapat membutuhkan sumber daya manusia dan sumber dana yang besar. Pada penelitian ini, telah dirancang sistem sederhana yang dapat mendeteksi frekuensi atau jumlah kepadatan mobil tiap satuan waktu. Data diperoleh dengan mikrokontroler berbasis arduino yang menggunakan sensor magnet GMR sebagai input. Ketika kendaraan diatas telah melewati sistem, mikrokontroler memproses sinyal yang diterima dari sensor untuk mendapatkan data jumlah kendaraan. Serta LCD karakter 2x16 sebagai penampil data. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dapat digunakan untuk otomatisasi penggukur kemacetan dan sistem kontrol lalu lintas lainnya, menggantikan sistem detektor yang ditanam pada jalan raya dan video kamera dimalam hari dan untuk menutupi daerah yang tidak terjangkau. Hasil penelitian menujukan bahwa sensor mempunyai tingkat akurasi pengukuran 94,66%, serta mempunyai tingkat presisi yang cukup baik. Traffic data frequency can be beneficial for statistic extended road method and road user. Data may be found from manual counter or using detector implanted to the road or CCTV camera. However, that method not efficient because need operator in order to obtained the data and expensive cost. In this research, already planned a simple systemtraffic vehicle counter or vehicle quantity by the time. Data obtained by microcontroller Arduino UNO with magnetic sensor (GMR attached as input. When a vehicle passes above the circuit system, a microcontroller processes signal of sensor to obtain data quantity of vehicle. And also character LCD 2x16 as display data

  15. Analisis Vegetasi Hutan Rawa Gambut Pascakebakaran di Wilayah Desa Sebangau dan Desa Taruna Jaya

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    Reri Yulianti

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kebakaran  merupakan  salah  satu  penyebab  kerusakan  hutan  tropis  di Indonesia. Kerusakan yang berlangsung selama kebakaran hutan bersifat eksplosif artinya terjadi dalam waktu relatif cepat dan areal yang luas. Salah satu tipe dari ekosistem hutan hujan tropis adalah hutan rawa gambut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah  (1  mengkaji  komposisi  jenis,  (2  mengkaji  keanekaragaman  jenis,  (3 mengkaji  distribusi  jenis,  (4  mengkaji  asosiasi  jenis  (5  mengkaji  persentase ketidaksamaan komunitas vegetasi di hutan rawa gambut bekas kebakaran tahun 1997, 2002, dan 2006.Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Mei sampai Juni 2009 di wilayah Desa Kalampangan Kecamatan Sebangau dan Desa Taruna Jaya Kecamatan Jabiren Raya Kalimantan Tengah. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan membuat petak ukur dan kemudian melakukan identifikasi jenis. Titik-titik sampel ditentukan dengan metode random sampling dengan cara undian. Semua jenis dalam petak ukur dicatat nama, diukur   diameter   batang   serta   jumlahnya   dan   dikelompokkan   sesuai   tingkat pertumbuhannya. Hasil   penelitian   adalah   1   Ditemukan   8   jenis   vegetasi   antara   lain Cratoxylon  arborescens,  Combretocarpus  rotundatus,  Timmonius  wallichianum, Acroychia  porteri,  Acacia  auriculiformis,  Xylopia  fusca,  Ilex  macropylla,  dan Diospyros  hermaproditich.  2  Keanekaragaman  pada  hutan  rawa  gambut  bekas kebakaran  sangat  rendah.  3  Jenis  Cratoxylon  arborescens  dan  Combretocarpus rotundatus mempunyai kemampuan regenerasi yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan jenis yang lainnya. Hal ini terlihat dari INP kedua jenis vegetasi yang memiliki nilai INP tertinggi. 4 Asosiasi yang diperlihatkan oleh banyak jenis (tingkat pertumbuhan pohon, tiang, pancang, semai pada hutan rawa gambut bekas kebakaran adalah asosiasi  positif  yang  artinya  seluruh  spesies  lebih

  16. PREFACE: XIV Mexican School on Particles and Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashir, Adnan; Contreras, Guillermo; Raya, Alfredo; Tejeda-Yeomans, Maria Elena

    2011-03-01

    de Física de Altas Energías. At a personal level, we are very grateful to Dr Juan Carlos D'Olivo (President of the Red Nacional de Física de Altas Energías), Dr Pedro Mata Vázquez (Director of COECyT), Dr Ricardo Becerril Bárcenas (Director of the Institute of Physics and Mathematics, UMSNH), Dr Rigoberto Vera Mendoza (Director of the Faculty of Science, UMSNH) and Dr José Napoleón Guzmán Ávila (Coordinator of Scientific Research, UMSNH) for their invaluable support in all organizational matters, which enabled the school to become a reality. We gratefully acknowledge the help of our colleagues in the organizing committee: Alexis Aguilar, Alejandro Ayala, Wolfgang Bietenholz, Alberto Güijosa, Gabriela Murguía, Sarira Sahu (UNAM), Eduard de la Cruz Burelo, Abdel Pérez-Lorenzana (CINVESTAV), Elena Cáceres (UCOL), David Delepine (UG), Mariana Kirchbach (UASLP), Ildefonso León (UAS), Juan Carlos Arteaga-Velázquez (for his impeccable work in managing the web page of the school) and Víctor Villanueva (UMSNH). Most of them contributed to the extra work involved in refereeing the contributions submitted for this publication. Many thanks also go to all the student volunteers for the efficiency and dedication with which they carried out their duties. At the registration desk, we relied on the hard work of Xiomara Gutiérrez, Enif Gutiérrez (UMSNH) and Mara Diaz Pancardo. Several post docs and PhD students provided invaluable support in all organizational matters: Adolfo Huet, Cliffor Compeán, Rocío Bermúdez, Saúl Sánchez, Anabel Trejo, Iraís Rubalcava, Khépani Raya, José Juan González, Saúl Hernández Ortiz (UMSNH), Alfredo Galaviz, and Alan Aganza (USON). Their help in carrying out the organization of the school was essential and without their collaboration, this school would not have been the same. We also acknowledge the help of the administrative secretary Maria Esperanza Jaramillo of IFM (UMSNH). We would like to take this opportunity to thank

  17. Distribution of a Community of Mammals in Relation to Roads and Other Human Disturbances in Gabon, Central Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanthomme, Hadrien; Kolowski, Joseph; Korte, Lisa; Alonso, Alfonso

    2013-01-01

    ón a Carreteras y Otras Perturbaciones Humanas en Gabón, Africa Central Resumen Presentamos el primer estudio a nivel de comunidad de la relación entre carreteras y otras perturbaciones humanas con la distribución de mamíferos en Gabón (África central). Nuestro sitio de estudio está dentro de una concesión petrolera en un paisaje litoral heterogéneo. Realizamos muestreos a lo largo de 199 transectos lineales e instalamos cámaras trampa en 99 de ellos para documentar la presencia y abundancia de mamíferos. Utilizamos modelos lineales generalizados con efectos mixtos para documentar las asociaciones entre variables relacionadas con el ecosistema (cobertura de suelo, topografía e hidrología), carreteras (tipo de revestimiento, ancho de derecho de vía, condición, tipo de vehículos que utilizan la carretera, nivel de tráfico, afiliación de los usuarios y el tipo general de carretera) y otras perturbaciones humanas (urbanización, agricultura, caza, tala, recolecta y actividades industriales) y la abundancia o presencia de 17 especies o grupos de mamíferos incluyendo elefantes (Loxodonta cyclotis), búfalo (Syncerus caffer), sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei), cerdo rojo de río (Potomochoerus porcus), ungulados pequeños, gorila (Gorilla gorilla), chimpancé (Pan troglodytes), chacal con rayas a los lados (Canis adustus), carnívoros, monos y roedores de talla grande. Ciertos tipos de carreteras y otras perturbaciones humanas estuvieron asociadas negativamente con la abundancia o presencia de elefantes, búfalos, gorilas, sitatungas, algunos monos y antílopes. Los patrones de asociación de mamíferos con carreteras y otras perturbaciones humanas fueron diversos e incluyen asociaciones positivas con la presencia de carreteras (cerdo rojo de río, algunos monos y antílopes), agricultura (sitatunga, carnívoros pequeños y roedores de talla grande) y actividades industriales (sitatunga, cerdo rojo de río, antílope rojo y chacal con rayas a los lados

  18. Volcano ecology at Chaiten, Chile: geophysical processes interact with forest ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, F. J.; Crisafulli, C.; Jones, J. A.; Lara, A.

    2010-12-01

    The May 2008 eruption of Chaiten Volcano (Chile) offers many insights into volcano ecology -ecological responses to volcanic and associated hydrologic processes and ecosystem development in post-eruption landscapes. Varied intensities of pyroclastic density currents (PDC) and thickness of tephra fall deposits (to 50+ cm) created strong gradients of disturbance in several hundred square kilometers of native forest in a sector north to southeast from the volcano. A gradient from tree removal to toppled forest to standing, scorched forest extends 1.5 km northward from the caldera rim along the trajectory of a PDC. Close to the vent (e.g., 2 km NE from rim) a rain of ca. 10 cm of gravel tephra stripped foliage and twigs from tree canopies; farther away (23 km SE) 10 cm of fine tephra loaded the canopy, causing extensive fall of limbs >8 cm diameter. Even in the severely disturbed, north-flank PDC zone, surviving bamboo, ferns, and other herbs sprouted from pre-eruption soil and other refugia; sprouts of new foliage appeared on the boles and major limbs of several species of toppled and scorched, standing trees; animals including vertebrates (rodents and amphibians) and terrestrial invertebrates (e.g., insects and arachnids) either survived or quickly recolonized; and a diverse fungal community began decomposing the vast dead wood resource. During the second growing season we documented the presence of some plant species that had colonized by seed. Within two years after the eruption secondary ecological disturbances resulting from channel change and overbank deposition of fluvially transported tephra created new patches of damaged forest in riparian zones of streams draining the north flank and along the Rio Rayas and Rio Chaiten. These features parallel observations in the intensively-studied, post-1980-eruption landscape of Mount St. Helens over a similar time period. However, several aspects of ecological response to the two eruptions differ because of differences

  19. Perlawanan Bangsa Terjajah Atas Harkat dan Martabat Bangsa: Telaah Postkolonial Atas Tiga Sajak Indonesia Modern

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    Puji Santosa

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Kesadaran kebangsaan mengenyahkan peniajahan adalah persoalan nasionalisme suatu bangsa. Nasionalisme di wilayah jajahan adalah reaksi dari tekanan-tekanan sosial dan poliris yang beraneka macam dari para penjajah. Indonesia telah mengalami penjajahan bcrulang kali, seperti penjajahan Portugis, Belanda, Inggris, dan Jepang. Jejak-jejak penjajahan bangsa Eropa dan bangsa Asia Timur Raya tersebut di Indonesia terekam secara jelas dalam sastra Indonesia modern, misalnya dalam tiga sajak Indonesia modern, yaitu sajak "Hang Tuah" karya Amir Hamzah yang merekam jejak pcrlawanan terhadap kolonial bangsa Postugis, sajak "Apa Kata Laut Banda" karya Mansur Samin yang merekam jejak perlawanan pahlawan Maluku terhadap kolonial bangsa Belanda, dan sajak "Sontanglelo" karya Mansur Samin yang merekam jejak perlawanan pcmuda Batak terhadap penjajahan bangsa Jepang. Ketiga sajak Indonesia modem itu dipilih sebagai percontoh pembicaraan tentang kritik postkolonial dengan alasan: (1 Ketiga sajak di atas merekam sejarah bangsa tentang jejak- jejak penjajahan di Indonesia, yakni suatu semangat kesadaran anak bangsa unluk berdaulat, terbebas dari penjajahan serta membangkitkan semangat nasionalisme bangsa, (2 Ketiga sajak di atas ditulis dalam bentuk puisi naratif atau balada yang berisi kisah perlawanan anak bangsa terhadap kolonial, yakni diwakili oleh tokoh Hang Tuah yang rnengadakan perlawanan terhadap bangsa Portugis, tokoh Maria Christina Martha yang mcngadakan perlawanan terhadap bangsa Belanda, dan tokoh Sontanglelo yang mengadakan pcrlawanan terhadap bangsa Jepang. Wujud perlawanan kctiga tokoh di atas merupakan reaksi atas tekanan sosial dan politik dari para kolonialis untuk pembebasan negerinya. Abstract: National awareness to evict colonialization is a nationalism issue of a nation. Nationalism in a colourized territory is a reaction from various social and political pressures of the colonizers. Indonesia had suffered from colonialization for many times

  20. Dini ve Kültürel Çoğulculukta Varoluş Mücadelesine Bir Bakış: Malezya Tecrübesi / An Overview towards the Existence Struggle in Religious and Cultural Pluralism: Malaysia Experience

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    Saim Kayadibi

    2016-11-01

    Dini ve Kültürel Çoğulculukta Varoluş Mücadelesine Bir Bakış: Malezya Tecrübesi Öz Malezya sosyo-kültürel yapısı itibari ile çok dinli, çok dilli ve çok kültürlü toplumların barış ve huzur içerisinde yaşayabilme özelliğini göstermesinden dolayı birçok ülkeye örnek oluşturabilecek nadide birlikteliklerden biridir. Bu çok kültürlülük, çok dinlilik ve çok dillilik özelliklerini bir zenginlik olarak görüp, birlikte güçlü bir toplum oluşturabilmenin çabası içerisindedir. Birçok sahada, örneğin İslam Ekonomisi ve Bankacılığı, Helal Gıda, modern bir devlette İslam Hukuku kurallarının uygulanabilme özelliğinde öncü rol oynayabilen, hatta merkez ülke olma yarışında ciddi çalışmaları vardır. Tarihi tecrübe açısından Malezya, konum itibariyle ciddi işgallerin merkezi olmuş, birçok sömürge devletinin izlerini atabilmenin, sömürge psikolojisinden kurtulabilmenin, yaralarını sarabilmenin mücadelesini veren bir ülkedir. Geçmişte sömürge ülkelerinden kalan acı hatıraya rağmen Osmanlı devletinden gördüğü kardeş ve dost yardımlar hafızasının derinliklerinde sağlam izler bırakmıştır. Şimdi ise farklı etnik yapısını huzur ve barış içerisinde birlikte götürebilmenin mücadelesini veren ve diğer ülkelere de örnek oluşturabilecek model bir yapıya sahiptir. Bunun yanında Malezya’yı Türkiye ile karşılaştırmaya çalışmak yanlış sonuçlar doğurabilir. Sömürge geçmişi olmayan, gayr-i Müslim nüfusu neredeyse yok denecek kadar az olan Türkiye’nin Malezya ile kıyaslanması düşünülemez. Bu makalemizde çok dinli toplumlarda Müslümanlar incelenirken Malezya örnek olarak alınacak, onların yaşamları, tarihi ve sosyal evreleri, dini hayatın yaşanmasında sorunların olup olmadığı, milli bir bilinç oluşturmak için nasıl bir strateji geliştirildiği, topyekûn bir bakış açısı ile problemlerin neler olduğu ve ne tür

  1. Distribution and reproductive biology of the Electric ray Discopyge tschudii Heckel, 1846 in San Matías Gulf, Northern Patagonia, Argentina

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    Marilú Estalles

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Electric ray Discopyge tschudii is distributed in the Southwest Atlantic from southern Brazil to southern Argentina and in the Southeast Pacific from Peru to southern Chile. The main threat to this species is fishing. Discopyge tschudii is noncommercial and individuals caught are discarded on board. The present study analyzes the distribution and the morphological and reproductive characteristics of this ray in San Matías Gulf (SMG, Argentina. A total of 1087 individuals were analyzed. The species presented an aggregate distribution, with the main concentrations in the northern and eastern areas of SMG, at depths below 100 m. Males ranged from 9 to 43 cm and females from 11 to 38 cm. The species presented sexual dimorphism. Males were larger and heavier than females and also matured at larger sizes. Size at 50% of maturity was estimated at 30 cm for males and 21 cm for females. A total of 199 embryos were sampled and the proportion of sexes showed no significant differences from the expected 1:1. The number of embryos per female varied from 1 to 12. The most frequent values were 2 and 5. Length at birth was estimated at 82.17 ± 3.87 mm. Based on our findings, we hypothesize that the electric ray D. tschudii completes its reproductive cycle in SMG.La raya eléctrica Discopyge tschudii se distribuye, en el Atlántico Sudoccidental, desde el sur de Brasil hasta el sur de Argentina y en el Pacifico Sudoriental desde Perú al sur de Chile. La principal amenaza para la especie es la pesca. Es una especie sin valor comercial y debido a esto los ejemplares capturados por las embarcaciones pesqueras son descartados a bordo. En el presente estudio se analizan la distribución espacial y las características morfológicas y reproductivas de la especie en el Golfo San Matías (GSM, Argentina. Un total de 1087 ejemplares fueron analizados. La especie presentó una distribución agregada, encontrándose las principales concentraciones en el sector norte

  2. SISTEM IMPLEMENTASI RENCANA AKSI KEBIJAKAN PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI HILIR KELAPA SAWIT DI INDONESIA

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    Syekh Farhan Robbani

    2015-07-01

    tahun 2010 untuk mendukung tujuan tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa implementasi rencana aksi kebijakan pengembangan industri hilir kelapa sawit dan memilih prioritas rencana aksi yang diutamakan dalam Permenperin no 13 Tahun 2010. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian terdahulu, wawancara mendalam dan kuisioner dari ahli atau praktsi, selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan analisis proses jaringan (ANP. Hasil penelitian menunjukan implementasi rencana aksi kebijakan pengembangan industri hilir kelapa sawit perlu memprioritaskan perbaikan proses infrastruktur dan investasi. khususnya ketersediaan fasilitas umum meliputi jalan raya, pembangkit listrik dan pengelolaan air bersih serta mendukung kebijakan pro-investasi. Peran terpenting pemangku kepentingan adalah peran pemerintah pusat yang menjadi fasilitator bagi pengembangan industri, khususnya terkait kebijakan dan sistem pendukungnya.  Rekomendasi utama pengembangan industri hilir kelapa sawit adalah memperbaiki sistem pendukung dalam proses pembangunan infrastruktur dan investasi seperti kebijakan pembebasan lahan, kebijakan pajak investasi, skema pembiayaan dan kerjasama pembangunan antara BUMN dan swasta. Kata kunci: analisis proses jaringan (ANP, industri hilir kelapa sawit, analisis implementasi kebijakan

  3. MAKNA LOKALITAS WAJAH BANGUNAN KOLONIAL DI PUSAT KOTA KRIAN-SIDOARJO

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    Eko Febrianto

    2015-01-01

    colonial style buildings in  Krian City. This research uses descriptive qualitative  methodology, by doing  observations on the  building facade elements,then analyzed byperforms building typology of building facade. The results of this study has described the form of building façade elements meaning based on the orientation of the building, roof, doors, windows, column,  floor, and ornamentation REFERENCES Dakung, Sugiyarto. 1981. Arsitektur Tradisional Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Yogyakarta Dewi, N.K.A. 2003.Geomerti, Simetri dan Religiusitas pada Rumah Tinggal Tradisional di Indonesia. Jurnal Permukiman Natah I (1; 29-42 Fauzi, B. 2011.Memahami Relasi Fungsi, Bentuk dan makna Arsitektur Rumah Tinggal Masyarakat Kota Pesisir Utara di Kawasan Jawa Timur. Jurnal DIMENSI, XXXVIII (2; 79-88 Frick, H. 1997. Pola Struktur dan Teknik Bangunan di Indonesia. Penerbit Kanisius, Yogyakarta Frick, H. 2010. Pola Struktur dan Teknik Bangunan di Indonesia. Penerbit Kanisius, Yogyakarta Ismunandar. 1986. Joglo: Arsitektur Rumah Tradisional Jawa. Penerbit Dahara Prize, Semarang, Krier, R. 1988. Architectural Composition. Academy Edition, London Krier, R. 2001. Komposisi Arsitektur, Erlangga, Jakarta Lippsmeier, G. 1980. Bangunan Tropis (Edisi ke-2. Erlangga, Jakarta Noeradya, Siti Woeryan Soemadiyah. (2005. Attassadhur Adammakna. CV. Buana Raya, Yogyakarta Philips, D dan Gardner, C. 2004.Daylighting – Natural Light in Architecture. Architectural Press, Oxford Rossi, Aldo. 1982. Architecture of the City. The MIT Press, London-England Satwiko, P. 2013. Aspek Energi pada Arsitektur Nusantara. SAN 2 Arsitektur Nusantara Berkelanjutan; 1-13, Malang, Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya

  4. Modern Kültürde Kentten Kaçmanın ve Uzaklara Gitmenin Sosyolojisi / The Sociology of Escaping from the City and Going far away in the Modern Culture

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    Sertaç Timur DEMİR

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Bu makale bir tür kurtuluş reçetesine dönen doğaya bedensel, zamansal ve mekânsal deneyimler üzerinden odaklanmaktadır. Önceleri kent tarzı yaşamı arzulayan modern birey artık kentten sıkılmış ve yeni arayışlar içine girmiştir. Bugün bu yönelimin merkezi doğadır. Bu açıdan uzak coğrafyalar üzerinde cereyan eden geri dönüş hikâyesini tartışmanın tam vaktidir. Çünkü büyük kentlere büyük hayallerle göç edenlerin beklentileri imtihan edilmiş, düş kırıklıkları yaşanmış ve yıllar sonra terkedilen eski köyler yeniden özlenmeye başlanmıştır. Bu bağlamda mazi ve hatıra mekânı olarak doğa ve taşra el değmemiş ve bozulmamış olarak tasavvur edilmiş ve kentin mutlak bir antitezi olarak benimsenmiştir. Burada beliren ana soru bakir ve arınmış doğanın kentleşmeyi merkezileştiren modern toplum figürasyonu tarafından kapsam dışı tutulup tutulmadığıdır. Başka bir deyişle, kentte bunalan modern birey için doğaya kaçış ya da taşraya dönüş kalıcı bir çözüm mü yoksa geçici bir avuntu mudur? Tüm bu ikircikli sorunsallar bu çalışmanın çerçevesini oluşturmaktadır. / This article focuses on the nature that has turned into a kind of salvation recipe in recent years through bodily, temporal and spatial experiences. The modern individual who once desired urban-style life now gets bored of it and embarks on new quests. Today the centre of the orientation is nature. In this sense, it is high time to debate the story of returning that take places on distant geographies because the expectations of those who migrated to big cities with dreams have been tested, then they had disappointments and once left villages started to be missed again after years. In this context, the nature and province as the place of past and memory are conceived as untouched and intact and as an absolute antithesis of the city. The main question that rises here is whether or not the virgin

  5. Tradisi toron etnis Madura: Memahami Pertautan agama, budaya, dan etos bisnis

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    Muhammad Djakfar

    2012-12-01

    mentradisi di kalangan etnis Madura dengan berbagai motifnya. Selain hari raya, bulan Maulid Nabi merupakan momen penting bagi etnis Madura untuk pulang kampung, terutama bagi mereka yang berasal dari pedesaan yang bekerja di sektor informal di rantau orang. Dalam memahami tradisi toron yang telah membudaya, adakah pertautan antara nilai agama, budaya, dan etos bisnis di kalangan etnis Madura yang dikenal sebagai komunitas pekerja keras. Inilah sejatinya pokok masalah yang akan dipahami melalui penelitian ini. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode fenomenologi untuk dapat memahami lebih dalam seputar bagaimana pertautan antara ketiga aspek tersebut yang dapat dipahami dari tradisi toron. Para informan sengaja dipilih bagi mereka yang bekerja di sektor informal yang telah merantau ke luar pulau Madura. Data digali dengan metode observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan dokumentasi. Hasil menunjukkan, di kalangan santri, motif toron untuk memperingati Maulud adalah untuk menghormati Rasul, dan peringatan itu diibaratkan acara haul bagi kedua orang tua mereka. Dengan rasa hormat itu diharapkan rahmat  dan syafaat nabi kelak akan didapat. Sebaliknya, bagi kalangan non santri, mengadakan acara Maulud ibarat wahana (tawassul untuk menebus dosa dan kelak berharap syafaat dari Rasul, sekalipun mereka merasa tidak menjalankan ajarannya. Memperingati Maulud di kampung halaman merupakan prestise yang mencerminkan sukses bisnis mereka di negeri orang yang membutuhkan cukup banyak biaya. Sebab dari peringatan itulah dapat dipahami ada pertautan antara agama, budaya, dan etos bisnis di kalangan muslim etnis Madura.

  6. FISIBILITAS PILKADA SERENTAK TAHAP II KOTA PEKANBARU PASCA PERMENDAGRI NO 18 TAHUN 2015

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    Alexsander Yandra

    2017-03-01

    simpang tiga kecamatan bukit raya yang sebelumnya wilayah pekanbaru menjadi wilayah kampar. Maka, KPUD Kota Pekanbaru sebagai penyelenggara pilkada melakukan upaya asesmen bentuk pemetaan dan pendataan hak pilih warga di daerah yang bersengketa tersebut agar bisa berpartisipasi dalam pilkada. Menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif dengan konsep teori kepentingan politik dalam pilkada dan Pemilihan Kepada Daerah serta analisis data melalui interpretasi etik dan emik kemudian dielaborasi dalam kajian tata laksana kepemiluan sesuai dengan pembahasan yang diteliti. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan upaya yang dilakukan oleh KPUD Kota Pekanbaru dalam pendataan dan pemetaan hak pilih warga di daerah perbatasan Pekanbaru dan Kampar berjalan belum optimal untuk jangka waktu yang panjang namun sudah menunjukan perbaikan terhadap keberlanjutan hak pilih sementara untuk kepentingan pilkada. Selanjutnya status kependudukan warga tidak sesuai dengan harapan warga berakibat respon warga masyarakat di tiga RW di kelurahan simpang tiga terkait status daftar pemilih tetap (DPT pada pilkada serentak tahap II memiliki kecendrungan untuk tidak memilih. Kata Kunci: Hak pilih, Kepentingan dan Pilkada.

  7. Moessbauer Effect Study of the Isomeric De-Excitation in Sn{sup 119m}; Etude, par Effet Moessbauer, de la Desexcitation Isomerique dans {sup 119m}Sn; 0418 0417 0423 0427 0415 041d 0418 0415 041c 0415 0421 0421 0411 0410 0423 0415 0420 0421 041a 041e 0413 041e 042d 0424 0424 0415 041a 0422 0410 041f 0420 0418 0418 0417 041e 041c 0415 0420 041d 041e 041c 0421 041d 042f 0422 0418 0418 0412 041e 0417 0411 0423 0416 0414 0415 041d 0418 042f 0412 041e 041b 041e 0412 0415 -119{sup m}; Estudio de la Desexcitacion Isomerica del {sup 119m}Sn Mediante el Efecto Moessbauer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herber, R. H.; Stoeckler, H. A. [School of Chemistry, Rutgers, State University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)

    1965-04-15

    irradiacion en reactor; b) los efectos de retroceso vinculados a la emision M4, y c) los efectos de conversion interna de la emision M4. Estos efectos se han estudiado en oxido estannico, estafio metalico (gris) y tetrafenil estaflo, marcados todos ellos con el nuclido usmsn. En el {sup 119m}SnO{sub 2}, ni la exposicion a los rayos gamma durante la irradiacion en reactor ni la emision (y conversion interna) de los rayos de 65,3 keV originan alteraciones apreciables de la configuracion o de la posicion de la raya de resonancia. Ello contrasta con el caso analogo de la desintegracion del {sup 57}CoO por captura k emision gamma. En ambos casos, se conocen dos estados de valencia del oxido metalico [Fe(II)p Fe(III) y Sn(II), Sn(IV), respectivamente], pero solo en el caso del {sup 57}CoO se ha observado la presencia de ambos estados como resultado del fenomeno nuclear precursor. Los mismos resultados negativos se obtienen con estafio metalico (gris), en consonancia con las observaciones realizadas utilizando {sup 57}Co difundido en hierro metalico y utilizado como fuente de Moessbauer. De todas formas, como en el caso del tetrafenilborato de cobalticinio marcado con {sup 57}Co (cobalticinio = diciclopentadienilcobalto), los efectos quimicos de la desexcitacion nuclear se pueden observar en compuestos organometalicos marcados con iwmsn. Cuando se utiliza {sup 119m}Sn(C{sub 6}H{sub 5}){sub 4} como fuente a 78 Degree-Sign K con un absorbedor ceramico de SnO{sub 2} de 17 mg/cm{sup 2}, la principal resonancia es la asociada a la raya simple de resonancia no cuadripolar desdoblada que se observa con el absorbedor Sn(C{sub 6}H{sub 5}){sub 4} sin marcar. Ademas, el esquema de resonancias presenta una ancha raya de absorcion (o resonancia cuadripolar desdoblada), que refleja la ocupacion de vacantes de las capas K o L por electrones de valencia. Se descarta la posibilidad de que la ruptura directa de enlaces debida a los fenomenos de retroceso origine este efecto, ya que (en la

  8. Algunas Consideraciones Relativas al Hábito de Fumar en los Hospitales

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    José Felix Patiño Restrepo

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El cigarrillo constituye el problema de salud más grave que enfrenta la sociedad moderna. El hábito de fumar resulta en elevadas tasas de morbilidad y está plenamente comprobado que disminuye notoriamente la expectativa de vida por el desarrollo de cáncer pulmonar, enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, enfermedad coronaria del corazón y una variedad de neoplasias malignas y de enfermedades vasculares.

    La medicina, la enfermería y las profesiones afines de la salud tienen como propósito y como misión promover la salud. Los hospitales son instituciones dedicadas al mantenimientoy la recuperación de la salud, y el personal que labora en ellos está totalmente comprometido contal objetivo.

    Los empleados que trabajan en los hospitales, pero especialmente los pacientes y sus familiares, tienen el sagrado derecho a respirar un ambiente no contaminado. Si los hospitales permiten que se pueda fumar en sus instalacionesy, especialmente, si permiten que sus empleados fumen, deben entonces estar preparados para asumirla responsabilidad por la incomodidad o el daño quepuedan ocurrir a los empleados, pacientes, familiares yvisitantes que encuentren un ambiente contaminado.

    Fumar es realmente incompatible con una profesión de salud. Significa una contradicción ante los postulados que gobiernan las actividades de los trabajadores de la salud, representa un mal ejemplo para el público y significa una actitud irresponsable que, según algunos observadores, raya en la falta de ética profesional. Sin embargo,se debe aceptar que en los hospitales hay personal profesional y técnico que fuma. Algunas personas jóvenes han iniciado el hábito hace poco tiempo, probablemente bajo una condición de sorprendente ignorancia;otras de mayor edad, conocen las implicaciones nocivas pero encuentran muy difícil suspender el arraigado hábito.Los primeros probablemente podrán sobreponerse; los segundos deberán abstenerse, por lo menos

  9. Kutadgu Bilig’de Yiyecek Ve İçecek Adları Names Of Food And Drink In "Knowledge For Wealth" (Kutadgu Bilig

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    Elif Şebnem KOBYA

    2013-09-01

    zelliklerini yansıtması bakımından da değerlidir.Göçebelikten yerleşik hayata geçen Türklerin yaşam şekillerindeki değişiklik kültürlerine de yansımıştır. Hayvancılık ve tarımla uğraşan Türklerin yeme içme alışkanlıkları da bu bağlamda farklılık göstermektedir. İnsan yaşamında yeme ve içme öncelikli ihtiyaçların başında gelmektedir. İlkel dönemden günümüze kadar yiyecek en önemli yaşam kaynağı durumundadır. Her toplumun yaşam şartlarına göre yiyecek ve içecek alışkanlıkları farklılık göstermektedir. Buna paralel olarak, Kutadgu Bilig’de kültürün bir parçası olan sofra düzeni, verilen ziyafetlerin yanı sıra mutfak kültürüyle ilgili olarak yiyecek ve içecek adları farklı örneklerde karşımıza çıkmaktadır.Bu çalışmada, Kutadgu Bilig’de yer alan yiyecek ve içecek adları tespit edilmiş ve kullanım şekilleri belirlenmiştir. Kutadgu Bilig’de on dokuz yiyecek ve sekiz tane içecek adı tespit edilmiştir. Tespit edilen yiyecek ve içecek adları alfabetik sıraya göre verilmiştir. Eserde, bazı örneklerde, aynı anlama gelen ancak farklı adlandırılan kelimeler kullanılmıştır. Makalede, bu adlandırmalar da alfabetik sınıflandırma içinde yer almaktadır.

  10. Theory of the Influence of Phonon-Phonon and Electron-Phonon Interactions on the Scattering of Neutrons by Crystals; Theorie de l'influence des interactions phonon-phonon et electron-phonon sur la diffusion des neutrons par des cristaux; Teoriya vliyaniya vzaimodejstvij fonon-fonon iehlvktron-fonon na rasseyanie nejtronov kristalla-; Teoria de la influencia de las interacciones fonon-fonon y electron-fonon en la dispersion de neutrones por cristales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kokkedee, J J.J. [Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of Utrecht (Netherlands)

    1963-01-15

    interacciones, la amplitud de cada pico es pequena en comparacion con el valor de la frecuencia en el centro: solo en tal caso puede considerarse que los picos estan bien definidos respecto del fondo correspondiente a las interacciones de oiden mas elevado. Cabe esperar que esta condicion se cumpla para temperaturas no demasiado elevadas y valores de vector de onda fononico no excesivamente grandes. El procedimiento del autor permite obtener formulas cerradas de la funcion de dispersion parcial que describe los picos; estos pueden evaluarse con el grado de precision que se desee. En particular, se obtiene un desarrollo para calcular en potencias de u/d y en funcion de diagramas simples conectados el desplazamiento y la anchura de las rayas (u es el desplazamiento atomico o ionico medio y d es la distancia minima interatomica en el cristal). El autor efectua calculos aproximados para dar una idea del orden de magnitud de los efectos estudiados. (author)

  11. Relative Biological Effectiveness of 14-MeV Fast Neutrons to Co{sup 60} Gamma-Rays in Einkorn Wheat; Efficacite Biologique Relative des Neutrons Rapides de 14 MeV par Rapport aux Rayons Gamma de {sup 60}Co sur l'Engrain; Otnositel'naya biologicheskaya ehffektivnost' bystrykh nejtronov s ehnergiej 14 MeV i gamma-luchej CO{sup 60} pri ikh dejstvii na pshenitsu odnozernyanku; EBR de los Neutrones Rapidos de 14 MeV y de los Rayos Gamma del {sup 60}Co en el Trigo Escanda Menor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujii, T. [National Institute of Genetics, Misima (Japan)

    1964-05-15

    de rayonnements. E a observe des talles mutants dans pres de 15% des plantes qui ont survecu a la plus faible dose de neutrons et a constate que la frequence e ta it la meme pour les plantes qui avaient recu la dose la plus elevee des rayons gamma. L'EBR des neutrons de 14 MeV par rapport aux rayons gamma de {sup 60}Co semble etre d'au moins 20 pour la mutation somatique. (author) [Spanish] El autor estudio la EBR de los neutrones de 14 MeV con respecto a los rayos gamma del {sup 60}Co por el metodo del locus especifico en el trigo escanda menor. Empleo semillas Fi obtenidas por cruza entre la cepa original y el mutante chlorina (este ultimo se obtuvo como mutante recesivo unico por exposicion a los rayos X; conserva un color verde palido desde que germina hasta que alcanza la madurez, con indices de supervivencia y fertilidad relativamente elevados). Las plantas Fj presentan el color verde normal y tambien es normal la modalidad de desarrollo. El autor irradio las semillas de Fx latentes con neutrones rapidos (en dosis de 0,5 - 1,0 y 1,4 krad) y con rayos gamma (4 ,3 - 8,6 y 12,9 krad). Ambas radiaciones provocaron mutaciones del verde normal dominante al tono chlorina, que aparecio en las hojas y tallos de las plantas heterocigoticas en forma de rayas longitudinales. Alrededor del 80% de las semillas germino en el grupo testigo y en los grupos expuestos a los neutrones y rayos gamma en dosis bajas, pero el porcentaje de semillas germinadas fue decreciendo gradualmente a medida que aumentaba la dosis de ambos tipos de radiacion. Ademas, se observo una tendencia similar en la primera fase d el desarrollo de la plantula, que se inhibe paulatinamente al aumentar la dosis. De acuerdo con estos resultados, la irradiacion neutronica Inverted-Question-Mark s unas 13 veces mas eficaz que los rayos gamma. El in d ic e de supervivencia en el grupo testigo, no irradiado, fue del orden de 90%; en los grupos expuestos a los neutrones a razon de dosis de 0,5 y 1,0 krad

  12. Studies of the Solid and Liquid Phases of HF, HCl and HBr by Slow-Neutron Inelastic Scattering; Etude des Phases Solide et Liquide de HF, HCl Et HBr par la Diffusion Inelastique des Neutrons Lents; 0418 0417 0423 0427 0415 041d 0418 0415 0422 0412 0415 0420 0414 042b 0425 0418 0416 0418 0414 041a 0418 0425 0424 0410 0417 HF, HCl I HBr 0421 041f 041e 041c 041e 0429 042c 042e 041d 0415 0423 041f 0420 0423 0413 041e 0413 041e 0420 0410 0421 0421 0415 042f 041d 0418 042f 041c 0415 0414 041b 0415 041d 041d 042b 0425 041d 0415 0419 0422 0420 041e 041d 041e 0412 ; Estudio de las Fases Solida y Liquida del HF, HCl Y HBr por Dispersion Inelastica de Neutrones Lentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boutin, H. [Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, NJ (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States); Safford, G. J. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

    1965-06-15

    l'hydrogene facilite dans une grande mesure l'explication des spectres correspondant aux phases solides de HCl et de HBr. Cependant, ces donnees ne concordent pas avec les theories qui rendent compte des phases solides de ces composes uniquement en fonction d'arrangements dipolaires simples ou d'interactions a grande distance faisant intervenir le moment dipolaire d'un seul element de reseau en interaction avec un champ electrique moyen. (author) [Spanish] Los autores han estudiado las fases liquida y solida del HF, HCI y HBr, entre 30 y 1200 cm{sup 1}, recurriendo a la dispersion inelastica de neutrones frios (0,005 eV). Estas mediciones se realizaron a fin de examinar sistematicamente la influencia que ejerce el aumento del grado de electronegatividad y del tamano de los aniones sobre los movimientos moleculares de baja frecuencia, tanto en fase solida como liquida. Se estudio en primer lugar el HF por saberse -segun datos obtenidos en experimentos de difraccion realizados con rayos X- que en el estado solido forma largas cadenas enlazadas en zigzag por el hidrogeno. El espectro de los neutrones inelasticamente dispersos en las fases liquida y solida del HF pone de relieve el alto grado de asociacion que existe en el estado solido como consecuencia del enlace hidrogeno. Los autores han comparado, con fines de interpretacion, los datos correspondientes al HF con datos analogos sobre la dispersion en el caso de los iones HF{sub 2}{sup -} y H{sub 2}F{sub 3}{sup -}, que presentan estructuras semejantes a las de las unidades que comprenden, en el HF, las cadenas enlazadas en zigzag por el hidrogeno. Tambien compararon esos datos con los resultados de las mediciones Raman y del espectro infrarrojo en los iones HFJ. Estas comparaciones permitieron distinguir entre las caracteristicas de frecuencia de una sola unidad, y de las caracteristicas de la cadena entera y de los modos reticulares de baja frecuencia. La raya observada a 0, 067 eV ha podido asociarse a la