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Sample records for rare benign tumors

  1. Bronchoscopic management of a rare benign endobronchial tumor

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    K. Madan; R. Agarwal; A. Bal; D. Gupta

    2012-01-01

    Benign endobronchial tumors are uncommon. Bronchoscopic removal is the preferred modality of treatment although surgery may be required in some cases. Rigid bronchoscopy is usually recommended in the management of these tumors. However, flexible bronchoscopy is also used in many centers. We present a case of endobronchial lipoma, where an unusual complication during flexible bronchoscopic resection using snare forceps necessitated urgent rigid bronchoscopy. This case highlights the importance...

  2. Imaging of rare benign tumors of the renal parenchyma in adults. Imagerie des tumeurs benignes rares du parenchyme renal de l'adulte

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    Poey, C.; Joffre, F.; Rousseau, H.; Puech, J.L.; Raillat, C. (Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Rangueil, 31 - Toulouse (FR))

    1989-01-01

    Rare benign tumors of the renal parenchyma in adults, except angiomyolipoma and renal cysts, are described in this article. Kidney adenoma appears as a small, clearly delineated, homogeneous tissular mass, which is not much enhanced by contrast media. No radiological feature allows differentiating these tumors from adenocarcinoma. Oncocytoma is a peculiar form of adenoma. This is a large, hypervascular tumor, the major feature of which is the presence of a star-shaped image, which is hypoechogenic and hypodense with CT and corresponds to a central fibrous area. However, similar images have been described in some adenocarcinomas. Cystadenoma, or multilocular cyst, is suspected in the case of a mass made of several cystic formations separated by regular, sometimes, calcified, septa which enhance with contrast. The most frequent, though very rare, mesenchymatous tumors are lipomas and leiomyomas. Although these tumors have different semiological appearances, the radiological diagnosis of benignancy can only be suspected and surgery is systematically necessary.

  3. Extensive squamous metaplasia in a benign phyllodes tumor: A rare case report

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    Harsh Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Phyllodes tumors (PTs with extensive squamous metaplasia is an uncommon biphasic fibroepithelial neoplasms of breast, comprising of <1% of all breast neoplasm′s. In this article, we report a case of a 55-year-old female patient admitted to the General Surgery Department with a rapidly enlarging, palpable mass in right breast. After histopathological examination, it was diagnosed to be as benign PT with extensive squamous metaplasia. Metaplastic changes are known, but infrequent in these tumors. Extensive squamous metaplasia within PT is rare and may occur in benign, borderline and malignant subtypes. There are only a few cases reported in the literature. We therefore, aimed to present this case in view of its extremely rare nature.

  4. Leiomyoma--a rare benign tumor of the female urethra: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lima Junior, Mário Maciel; Sampaio, Cleyton Barbosa; Ticianeli, José Geraldo; de Lima, Mário Maciel; Granja, Fabiana

    2014-11-13

    Leiomyoma in the urethra is a rare occurrence. These are rare benign mesenchymal tumors that arise from the smooth muscle of the urethra. Such tumors often appear in females during their reproductive age (from menarche to menopause); the mean age of their appearance is approximately 41 years. We report here a case of a 52-year-old White woman who presented with complaints of sporadic hematuria, dyspareunia, and feeling of nodulation in her vagina. Histopathological studies confirmed the urethral leiomyoma, and the surgery completely resolved the original symptoms. Although the average age of occurrence of such tumors in females is about 41 years, the present case involves an older woman of 52 years. Most importantly, the mass was located in the distal urethra, an uncommon site of presentation of leiomyoma in females.

  5. Benign Liver Tumors

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    ... While You Shop Contact Us Donate Now Benign Liver Tumors Back A tumor is an abnormal growth ... health risk. Frequently Asked Questions How are benign liver tumors detected? In most cases, benign liver tumors ...

  6. RARE BENIGN EYELID TUMOR IN CHILDREN (EPITHELIOMA OF MALHERBE, PILOMATRIXOMA, OR TRICHELEMMOMA

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    A. A. Ryabtseva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To describe clinical manifestations of rare eyelid tumor (epithelioma Malherbe and to improve differential diagnosis of benign eyelid tumors in children. Patients and methods. We observed 8 children aged 3,5‑8 years (sex ratio was 1:1. In all cases, examination, palpation, surgical excision of the tumor with histological examination were performed. Results. Trichilemmoma, or pilomatricoma, was suggested from clinical manifestations. Epithelioma Malherbe was diagnosed by histology only. Microscopically, the tumor is surrounded by a capsule which includes two cell types. Peripheral basophilic cells are small cells with poor cytoplasm, indistinct borders, and deeply basophilic nucleus. Central shadow cells have a distinct border and a central unstained area. Islands of small basaloid epithelial cells with squamous cell focuses and cornification are embedded in the stroma. Epithelial lesions are often necrotized. Epithelial mass is surrounded by granulations with giant cells. Osseous trabeculae are often adjacent to necrotic lesions. Further follow-up revealed no complications or recurrences. Conclusions. Our observations and literature data suggest that epithelioma Malherbe is occured in 1.3 % of benign eyelid tumors in childern. Tumor growth is slow and non-invasive. 

  7. Benign mixed tumor of the lacrimal sac

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    Jong-Suk Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Neoplasms of the lacrimal drainage system are uncommon, but potentially life-threatening and are often difficult to diagnose. Among primary lacrimal sac tumors, benign mixed tumors are extremely rare. Histologically, benign mixed tumors have been classified as a type of benign epithelial tumor. Here we report a case of benign mixed tumor of the lacrimal sac.

  8. Benign Tumors

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    ... cannot spread or invade other parts of your body. Even so, they can be dangerous if they press on vital organs, such as your brain. Tumors are made up of extra cells. Normally, cells grow and divide to form new cells as your body needs them. When cells grow old, they die, ...

  9. Capillary hemangioma of the testis. A case report of a rare benign tumor

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    Waldemar Białek

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the case of a very rare capillary hemangioma of the testis in a 23-yearold patient. Physical examination revealed a tumor located in the upper pole of the left testis, which was suspected of being malignant due to its significantly increased density and irregular contours. Blood levels of the following tumor markers were determined: alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin and lactate dehydrogenase. No abnormalities were found in any of these tests. A gray-scale ultrasound scan of the scrotum revealed a lesion located in the upper pole of the left testis, 24 mm in diameter with slightly decreased echogenicity and irregular contours, which suggested infiltration of the tunica albuginea of the testis. Color and power Doppler scans demonstrated a dense network of blood vessels and increased blood flow in the lesion described. In addition, 3D ultrasound scan images were obtained, which allowed for a thorough determination of the topography of the lesion. No abnormalities were found in the patient’s medical history, physical examination or ultrasound scan of the right testis. Taking into account the suspected malignancy with signs of infiltration of the tunica albuginea of the upper pole of the testis a decision was made to remove the left testis together with the spermatic cord using the inguinal approach. A histopathological examination of the whole specimen revealed a multifocal capillary hemangioma of the testis, signs of testicular fibrosis and significant atrophy of the spermatogenic epithelium of the seminiferous tubules. Immunohistochemistry: CD31 (+, CD34 (+, FVIII (−, vimentin (+, CK MNF116 (−, mesothelial cells (−, calretinin (−, MIB-1 = 8.4%. The tumor described is one of the few benign lesions originating from the tissues of the testis for which partial resection of the organ may be considered. Intraoperative histopathological examination and resection of the lesion with the preservation of a healthy

  10. Benign notochordal cell tumors.

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    Martínez Gamarra, C; Bernabéu Taboada, D; Pozo Kreilinger, J J; Tapia Viñé, M

    2017-08-01

    Benign notochordal cell tumors (TBCN) are lesions with notochordal differentiation which affect the axial skeleton. They are characterized by asymptomatic or non-specific symptomatology and are radiologically unnoticed because of their small size, or because they are mistaken with other benign bone lesions, such as vertebral hemangiomas. When they are large, or symptomatic, can be differential diagnosis with metastases, primary bone tumors and chordomas. We present a case of a TBCN in a 50-year-old woman, with a sacral lesion seen in MRI. A CT-guided biopsy was scheduled to analyze the lesion, finding that the tumor was not clearly recognizable on CT, so the anatomical references of MRI were used to select the appropriate plane. The planning of the approach and the radio-pathological correlation were determinant to reach the definitive diagnosis. Copyright © 2017 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  11. Benign Sacral Metastatic Meningioma: A Rare Entity.

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    Strong, Michael J; Garces, Juanita; Tang, Wendell; Ware, Marcus L

    2015-01-01

    Meningiomas are common intracranial tumors with a low metastatic rate. Those that do metastasize often show histopathologic signs of malignancy. In rare cases, the primary and secondary tumors are histologically benign. We report the case of a 57-year-old female with a histologically benign intracranial meningioma that metastasized to the sacrum. The patient had a long history of intracranial meningioma with multiple recurrences. At each recurrence, histopathologic examination of the resected tumor showed no signs of malignancy. The sacral meningioma was biopsied and found to be histologically benign. The patient was treated with radiotherapy (54 Gy in 30 fractions), and her symptoms resolved. Six months later, the patient developed left leg weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging showed growth of her intracranial mass for which she underwent a craniotomy for tumor resection. Pathologic evaluation showed evidence of benign meningioma without atypical features. She recovered well from this procedure and returned to her baseline in several weeks. After treatment, the patient had no signs of radiographic progression in either location.

  12. Benign cementoblastoma: A rare case report with review of literature

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    Neeta Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a rare case of radiopaque lesion with radiolucent rim in the right body of mandible, with history of extraction of involved tooth, which made diagnosis confusing unless pre-extraction intraoral periapical radiography radiograph was recovered, finally diagnosed as benign cementoblastoma. It was surgically managed, with no recurrence of the lesion more than 2 years of follow-up. Benign cementoblastoma is a rare, benign tumor of odontogenic ectomesenchymal origin, usually associated with roots of first mandibular molar.

  13. A rare benign genitourinary tumor in a Japanese male: urinary retention owing to aggressive angiomyxoma of the prostate

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    Hayakazu Nakazawa

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Close examination of a 67-year-old Japanese man, who complained of persistent nocturia, revealed that a semitransparent polypoid tumor had developed from the bladder neck to the prostatic urethra obstructing the internal urethral meatus, which resulted in excessive urinary retention and post-renal dysfunction. The tumor was resected by a transurethral procedure and a pathological examination of specimens revealed aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM of the prostate. AAM usually develops in the intrapelvic and perineal organs of females. So far as we know, this is the second case of primary prostatic AAM reported in the English literature, and is the first case where the patient encountered urethral obstruction.

  14. Cellular schwannoma: a rare spinal benign nerve-sheath tumor with a pseudosarcomatous appearance: case report Schwanoma celular: um tumor benigno com características malignas: relato de caso

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    José Alberto Landeiro

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of cellular schwannoma, a rare benign nerve-sheath tumor in a 27 year-old woman. It was presented as a voluminous lesion in the paraspinal region that caused lumbar vertebral body destruction. These features, in association to the microscopic aspects of a hypercellular, pleomorphic neoplasm may lead to a false impression of a malignant tumor. Therefore, it is important to have an accurate examination to confirm the benign nature of this tumor thus avoiding unnecessary therapy.Apresentamos caso de schwanoma celular, um tumor raro da bainha nervosa em mulher de 27 anos. Tratava-se de volumosa lesão que ocupava e destruía o corpo da 4ª vértebra lombar e invadia o retroperitônio. Estes dados associados com achados microscópicos de hipercelularidade, pleomorfismo e atividade mitótica podem dar a falsa impressão de malignidade. Apurado estudo histopatológico e imunohistoquímico confirma a natureza benigna da lesão evitando terapias desnecessárias.

  15. A rare case of benign metastasizing leiomyoma†

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    Parissis, Haralambos

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Benign metastasizing leiomyoma is a rare disorder involving distant metastases secondary to a smooth muscle tumour of the myometrium. This case report describes a 48-year-old woman with multiple pulmonary nodules noted on post-operative chest x-ray. Further investigation revealed a history of total abdominal hysterectomy for benign fibroids of the uterus, 6 years prior to the scan. CT-guided fine needle aspirate of the pulmonary nodules showed smooth muscle proliferation within lung parenchyma, suggesting smooth muscle tumour confirmed with immunohistochemistry. Management is still controversial in view of low case numbers; however, treatment with hormone therapy and castration has been attempted. PMID:28959432

  16. A rare case of benign omentum teratoma

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    Sforza Marcos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Mature teratomas (benign cystic teratomas or dermoid cysts are among the most common ovarian tumours; however, teratomas of the omentum and mesentery are extremely rare. Teratoma in the intraperitoneal cavity is uncommon and atypical, and it is even more uncommon in adulthood. Case Outline. An 82-year-old female was admitted to our department with clinical signs of abdominal tumour. The ultrasound scan and preoperative laboratory tests were done. Explorative laparotomy revealed tumour with torsion on its pedicle at the greater omentum. After removal of the mass and the incision a tooth and hair were found, characteristics of teratoma. Conclusion. The excision was very effective and also definitive treatment for this case. The patient recovered well and was discharged 3 days later. The patient probably carried the tumour all her life asymptomatically until admission.

  17. Ultrasonographic findings of benign soft tissue tumors

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    Kim, Ki Sung; Oh, Dong Heon; Jung, Tae Gun; Kim, Yong Kil; Kwon, Jung Hyeok [Dongkang Genernal Hospital, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-05-15

    To clarify the characteristic sonographic features of benign soft tissue tumors and to evaluate the usefulness of sonographic imaging. We retrospectively reviewed ultrasonographic images of 70 cases in 68 patients with histologically proved benign soft tissue tumors. The tumors include 33 lipomas, 11 hemangiomas, 11 lymphangiomas, 7 neurilemmomas, 4 epidermoid cysts, 2 fibromas, 1 mesenchymoma, and 1 myxoma. The sonographic appearances of the lesions were mainly solid in 53 cases(33 lipomas, 8 hemangiomas, 2 lymphangiomas, 7 neurilemmomas, 2 fibromas and 1 mesenchymoma), mainly cystic in 14 cases(1 hemangioma, 8 lymphangiomas, 4 epidermoid cysts, and 1 myxomal), and mixed in 3 cases(2 hemangiomas and 1 lymphangioma). Although an accurate histologic prediction could not be made in most cases, certain patterns appeared to be characteristic of specific tumor types. 26 cases(78%) of lipoma were seen as lentiform, iso- or hyperechoic, solid mass. Hemangioma had variable appearance and characteristic calcifications were seen in 3 cases. Unicameral or multiseptated cystic mass with variable thickness of echogenic septa and solid portion was the characteristic finding of lymhangioma. Neurilemmoma showed lobulated, oval to round , relatively hypoechoic mass or with without internal cystic portion. Sonographic evaluation of benign soft tissue tumors is useful in demonstrating the location, size, extent, and internal characteristic of the mass. A relatively confident diagnosis can made when the characteristic features of the benign soft tissue tumor are present on sonographic imaging.

  18. [A rare endolaryngeal tumor].

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    Ngo, Carine; Albert, Sébastien; Barry, Beatrix; Copie-Bergman, Christiane; Couvelard, Anne; Hourseau, Muriel

    2017-10-01

    We report the case of a 65-year-old woman who presented with a dysphonia. ENT tomography and laryngoscopy showed an endolaryngeal tumoral lesion extended to the right supraglottis. Biopsy of the lesion revealed dense lymphoid infiltrate in the lamina propria, without necrosis or ulceration of the mucosa. The infiltrate showed many CD3+, CD5+, CD4+, CD8+ lymphocytes and plasmocytes. Larger lymphoid cells with cytologic atypia expressed CD56 and cytotoxicity markers such as TIA1 and granzyme B. In situ hybridization for EBV revealed numerous positive cells. The diagnosis of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma was proposed. The primary laryngeal localization of this disease is exceptionally rare. Heavy admixture of inflammatory cells may mimic inflammatory process and delay the diagnosis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. Ureteritis cystica: A rare benign lesion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    F. Ibrahim

    Abstract. Ureteritis cystica is an uncommon benign pathology of the ureter. The etiology is unclear but the diagnosis has become much easier to make with the routine use of ureteroscopy for diagnosis of ureteric lesions. We present a case of a 63 year old Sudanese woman with a history of repeated attacks of right loin pain.

  20. Ureteritis cystica: A rare benign lesion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    F. Ibrahim

    2014 Pan African Urological Surgeons' Association. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Introduction. Ureteritis cystica is a benign condition which affects the renal pelvis and the ureter. When the condition affects the bladder, it is called cystitis cystica. There are scanty reports about ureteritis cystica in.

  1. Benign gastric neuroendocrine tumors in three snow leopards (Panthera uncia).

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    Dobson, Elizabeth C; Naydan, Dianne K; Raphael, Bonnie L; McAloose, Denise

    2013-06-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors are relatively rare neoplasms arising from neuroendocrine cells that are distributed throughout the body and are predominant in the gastrointestinal tract. This report describes benign, well-differentiated gastric neuroendocrine tumors in three captive snow leopards (Panthera uncia). All tumors were well circumscribed, were within the gastric mucosa or submucosa, and had histologic and immunohistochemical features of neuroendocrine tumors. Histologic features included packeted cuboidal to columnar epithelial cells that were arranged in palisades or pseudorosettes and contained finely granular cellular cytoplasm with centrally placed, round nuclei. Cytoplasmic granules of neoplastic cells strongly expressed chromogranin A, variably expressed neuron-specific enolase, and did not express synaptophysin or gastrin. Each leopard died or was euthanatized for reasons unrelated to its tumor.

  2. A benign presentation of primary ductal adenocarcinoma of lacrimal gland: A rare malignancy

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    Lindfay Laura Lau

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 34-year-old patient with a swelling over the upper eyelid for nearly 1 year was seen in our clinic. The history, examination and investigations were suggestive of a benign lacrimal gland tumor. The tumor and lacrimal gland were resected. Subsequent histopathological examination revealed the tumor was a primary ductal adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland. This is a very rare tumor with less than half a dozen cases reported so far. This case report is being presented to highlight an unusual presentation of this rare malignancy.

  3. [Sonographic diagnosis of presumed benign ovarian tumors].

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    Marret, H; Cayrol, M

    2013-12-01

    To discriminate ovarian lesions is of particular importance in gynecological practice. Two main problems need answers: discrimination of benign and malignant adnexal masses and choice of the appropriate surgical treatment if necessary. Nearly 2% of the adnexal masses are ovarian carcinomas or borderline tumors. It is now, well established that ultrasonography is the gold standard for ovarian cyst diagnosis. The purpose of this data was to review the literature and to establish, with the evidence base medicine model, which parameters and existing diagnostic models using ultrasound and Doppler perform best in the evaluation of adnexal masses. Transvaginal sonography has demonstrated considerable advantage over conventional transabdominal sonography. However, transparietal sonography is still useful in large tumors. Definition of the nomenclature and classification was done and should be used. Unilocular ovarian cyst characterization seems easy using sonography and Doppler. In front of complication, discrimination of such functional cyst may be difficult but spontaneous regression confirms usually the expectative management. Dermoid cysts and endometriomas seem to be easier to discriminate from other adnexal masses. Ultrasound and morphologic parameters have a sensitivity of about 90% and a specificity of 80%; that makes this exam the gold standard for ovarian masses diagnosis. Only 50% of ovarian masses are characterized by sonography. Scoring systems help to differentiate benign from malignant masses (sensitivity of about 90%). Logistic regression and models are good methods especially for LR1 and 2 and RMI and may be useful for malignancy prediction but are difficult to use in current practice. Expert diagnosis is a subjective but most important performing parameter. Any suspicious ovarian mass or not easily diagnosed mass requires sonography by an expert, which can first use all the techniques and the different parameters to discriminate benign and malignant

  4. Robotic Surgery for Benign Duodenal Tumors

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    Downs-Canner, Stephanie; Van der Vliet, Wald J.; Thoolen, Stijn J. J.; Boone, Brian A.; Zureikat, Amer H.; Hogg, Melissa E.; Bartlett, David L.; Callery, Mark P.; Kent, Tara S.; Zeh, Herbert J.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Benign duodenal and periampullary tumors are uncommon lesions requiring careful attention to their complex anatomic relationships with the major and minor papillae as well as the gastric outlet during surgical intervention. While endoscopy is less morbid than open resection, many lesions are not amenable to endoscopic removal. Robotic surgery offers technical advantages above traditional laparoscopy, and we demonstrate the safety and feasibility of this approach for a variety of duodenal lesions. Methods We performed a retrospective review of all robotic duodenal resections between April 2010 and December 2013 from two institutions. Demographic, clinicopathologic, and operative details were recorded with special attention to the post-operative course. Results Twenty-six patients underwent robotic duodenal resection for a variety of diagnoses. The majority (88 %) were symptomatic at presentation. Nine patients underwent transduodenal ampullectomy, seven patients underwent duodenal resection, six patients underwent transduodenal resection of a mass, and four patients underwent segmental duodenal resection. Median operative time was 4 h with a median estimated blood loss of 50 cm3 and no conversions to an open operation. The rate of major Clavien-Dindo grades 3–4 complications was 15 % at post-operative days 30 and 90 without mortality. Final pathology demonstrated a median tumor size of 2.9 cm with a final histologic diagnoses of adenoma (n=13), neuroendocrine tumor (n=6), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (n=2), lipoma (n=2), Brunner’s gland hamartoma (n=1), leiomyoma (n=1), and gangliocytic paraganglioma (n=1). Conclusion Robotic duodenal resection is safe and feasible for benign and premalignant duodenal tumors not amenable to endoscopic resection. PMID:25348238

  5. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor) without calcification: A rare entity

    OpenAIRE

    Seema Kaushal; Mathur, Sandeep R.; Maneesh Vijay; Ankur Rustagi

    2012-01-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a rare benign odontogenic tumor that was first described by Pindborg in 1955. It accounts for less than 1% of all odontogenic neoplasms. The tumor is characterized histologically by the presence of polygonal epithelial cells, calcification, and eosinophilic deposits resembling amyloid. Noncalcifying Pindborg tumor is very rare and only three cases have been documented in the English language literature so far. We present an additional case of non...

  6. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma: a rare pediatric tumor.

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    Tran, Sifrance; Berman, Loren; Wadhwani, Nitin R; Browne, Marybeth

    2013-08-01

    Hepatobiliary cystadenoma is a rare hepatic neoplasm that has been reported only 10 times in the pediatric population. Although considered a benign cystic tumor of the liver, hepatobiliary cystadenoma has a high risk of recurrence with incomplete excision and a potential risk for malignant degeneration. Complete tumor excision with negative margins is the mainstay in treatment. Unfortunately, due to the paucity of cases and its vague presentation, hepatobiliary cystadenoma is rarely diagnosed preoperatively. Therefore, in patients with hepatic cystic masses without a clear diagnosis, total resection of the lesion with negative margins is indicated to adequately evaluate for malignant potential and limit the risk of recurrence. We describe a 2-year-old girl with an asymptomatic abdominal mass that was found to be hepatobiliary cystadenoma. In addition, the pathogenic, histopathologic and clinical features of hepatobiliary cystadenoma are reviewed.

  7. [A rare and benign etiology of Pancoast-Tobias syndrome].

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    Souabny, A; Trombati, N; Afif, H; Aichane, A; Aammal, K; Ridai, M; Bahlaoui, A; Bouayad, Z

    2003-06-01

    Although lung cancer is the leading cause of Pancoast-Tobias syndrome, benign etiologies have been rarely described in the literature. We report two cases of Pancoast-Tobias syndrome caused by hydatidosis of the apex. Outcome was favorable after surgical treatment.

  8. Cystic lymphangioma scroti: A common tumor at a rare location

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    Rastogi Rajul

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cystic lymphangioma is a common benign tumor caused by lymphatic malformation. The scrotum is a very rare site for this tumor and only few cases have been reported in the literature. We herewith present a rare case of cystic lymphangioma of the scrotum in an ado-lescent who presented with an incidental scrotal swelling with no other abnormality, where the diagnosis was suspected on scrotal ultrasonography.

  9. Myxoma of the kidney - an unusual benign renal tumor: a case report.

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    Tenkorang, Somuah; Kharbach, Youssef; Omana, Jean-Paul; Efared, Boubacar; Mellas, Soufiane; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Sekal, Mohamed; Harmouch, Taoufik; Khallouk, Abdelhak; El Fassi, Jamal Mohammed; El Ammari, Jalal Eddine; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2017-02-14

    Myxomas are rare benign soft tissue tumors. The kidney is an unusual location for this tumor. For this reason, less than 15 cases of renal myxoma have been reported in the English literature. There are no specific clinical and radiological features reported for this tumor that allow a preoperative diagnosis enabling a conservative treatment. We report another case of renal myxoma found in a 50-year-old Moroccan woman who presented with a right dull flank pain. An abdominal computed tomography scan objectified a suspected malignant renal mass. Thus, radical nephrectomy was performed. Histopathology of the specimen revealed the typical appearance of a myxoma. The objective of this report is to add another case report of this rare benign renal tumor to the literature. This benign tumor with excellent prognosis has no specific preoperative features that could justify a conservative management; a radical approach remains the therapeutic option for now.

  10. Giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes in pregnancy: a case report.

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    Likhitmaskul, Tapanutt; Asanprakit, Wichitra; Charoenthammaraksa, Sivinee; Lohsiriwat, Visnu; Supaporn, Surapong; Vassanasiri, Wichai; Sattaporn, Sukchai

    2015-08-01

    Phyllodes tumor in pregnancy is extremely rare. We present the first case ever reported of a giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes during pregnancy. A 36-year-old female patient at the 32nd week of pregnancy presented with a huge mass in left breast for 5-6 months. Physical examination revealed a firm palpable 20 cm mass occupying the whole left breast. Ultrasound guided core needle biopsy demonstrated a fibroepithelial lesion suggestive of benign phyllodes tumor. She was scheduled for mastectomy three weeks after birth delivery. The microscopic examination of the resected specimen revealed the mass consisted mainly of lactating components with areas of hypercellular stroma and epithelial proliferation in leaf-like pattern. Finally, the pathological report confirmed a giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes and frees all surgical margins. Phyllodes tumor in pregnancy is rare with just nine cases reported. It is unknown if the rapidly growing mass in pregnant patient is hormone-dependent. This is the first report of a giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes in pregnant patient. In these large phyllodes tumors, heterogeneous stromal components are common. It is occasionally difficult to distinguish between benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes and lactating adenoma. Because the surgical treatment and local recurrence rate are different between these two diseases, we need to clearly differentiate benign phyllodes tumors from other benign breast diseases. This case emphasizes the heterogeneity of giant phyllodes tumors. Therefore, it is important to thoroughly examine the resected specimen for possible additional components. The key point is that adequate and clear surgical margins in any phyllodes tumors must be achieved to reduce local recurrence.

  11. Adrenal Schwannomas: Rare Tumor of the Retroperitoneum

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    Emanuele Grasso

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Schwannoma is a benign neurogenic tumor originating from Schwann cells. These produce the myelin sheath that covers peripheral nerves that are often affected. This latter localization is extremely rare, and only a few case reports can be found in the medical literature. Studies have shown that approximately 0.5% to 5% of schwannomas are retroperitoneal, constituting 0.2% of adrenal incidental tumors. These usually present as incidental findings, nonsecreting adrenal masses in asymptomatic patients. Diagnosis of a schwannoma is based on detection of spindle cells with Antoni A and Antoni B regions in histological sections and positive staining for S-100 protein by immunohistochemical analysis. We report a case of an incidentally identified during an abdominal ultrasound examination with schwannoma localized in the left adrenal gland.

  12. BENIGN TUMORS AND TUMOR-LIKE LESIONS OF THE PANCREAS

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    Basturk, Olca; Askan, Gokce

    2017-01-01

    Synopsis The pancreas is a complex organ that may give rise to large number of neoplasms and non-neoplastic lesions. This article will focus on benign neoplasms such as serous neoplasms as well as tumor-like (pseudotumoral) lesions that may be mistaken for neoplasm not only by clinicians and radiologists, but also by pathologists. The family of pancreatic pseudotumors, by a loosely defined conception of that term, includes a variety of lesions including heterotopia, hamartoma, and lipomatous pseudohypertrophy. Autoimmue pancreatitis (covered in chronic pancreatitis chapter) and paraduodenal (“groove”) pancreatitis may also lead to pseudotumor formation. Knowledge of these entities will help in making an accurate diagnosis. PMID:27926363

  13. Pilocytic astrocytoma: A rare presentation as intraventricular tumor

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    Sattar, Sidra; Akhunzada, Naveed Z.; Javed, Gohar; Uddin, Zeeshan; Khan, Yasir A.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is the most prevalent central nervous system (CNS) tumor in pediatric population and accounts for an approximate of 5–6% of all gliomas. This neoplasm can occur at all levels of the neuraxis, with majority (67%) arising in the cerebellum and optic pathway. PAs are World Health Organization Grade I tumors and are the most benign of all astrocytomas characterized by an excellent prognosis. Other differentials include subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA), ependymoma, meningioma, and low-grade gliomas such as pilocytic or diffuse astrocytoma; calcification is more commonly regarded as a feature of benign or slow-growing tumors. Case Description: We present a case of a 17-year-old female presenting with an unusual cause of hydrocephalus, a rare case of a calcified pilocytic astrocytoma as an intraventricular tumor. Conclusion: PA rarely presents as an intraventricular tumor and should be included in the differential diagnosis of a large mass with massive intratumoral calcification. PMID:28680735

  14. Benign and malignant tumors of the foot and ankle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singer, Adam D.; Datir, Abhijit; Langley, Travis [Emory University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Section of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Atlanta, GA (United States); Tresley, Jonathan [University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); Clifford, Paul D.; Jose, Jean; Subhawong, Ty K. [University of Miami, Department of Radiology, Miami, FL (United States)

    2016-03-15

    Pain and focal masses in the foot and ankle are frequently encountered and often initiate a workup including imaging. It is important to differentiate benign lesions from aggressive benign or malignant lesions. In this review, multiple examples of osseous and soft tissue tumors of the foot and ankle will be presented. Additionally, the compartmental anatomy of the foot and ankle will be discussed in terms of its relevance for percutaneous biopsy planning and eventual surgery. Finally, a general overview of the surgical management of benign, benign aggressive and malignant tumors of the foot and ankle will be discussed. (orig.)

  15. Imaging of benign tumors of the osseous spine

    OpenAIRE

    Riahi, Hend; Mechri, Meriem; Barsaoui, Maher; Bouaziz, Mouna; Vanhoenacker, Filip; Ladeb, Mohamed

    2018-01-01

    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the imaging features of the most prevalent benign bone tumors involving the spine. Benign tumors of the osseous spine account approximately for 1% of all primary skeletal tumors. Many lesions exhibit characteristic radiologic features. In addition to age and location of the lesion, radiographs are an essential step in the initial detection and characterization but are limited to complex anatomy and superposition. CT and MR imagi...

  16. Rare Coexistence Of Benign Renal Oncocytoma And Renal Cell ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The coexistence of two tumors in a single person is not common. Finding two tumors in a single organ is rare. We are reporting a 65 years old male who presented with a long history of left loin pain. Clinical examination was unremarkable apart from hypertension. The histopathology of intraabdominal mass seen on ...

  17. Follicular Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor in Mandible: A Rare ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) is a relatively rare, benign, hamartomatous, and cystic odontogenic neoplasm that was first described more than a century ago. The lesion still continues to intrigue experts with its varied histomorphology and controversies regarding its development. The present article describes a ...

  18. Multi-focal lobular carcinoma in situ arising in benign phylodes tumor: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Taeg Ki; Choi, Chang Hwan; Kim, Youn Jeong; Kim, Mi Young; Lee, Kyung Hee; Cho, Soon Gu [Inha University Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-08-15

    Coexistent breast malignancy arising in phyllodes tumor is extremely rare, and most of them are incidental reports after surgical excision. Coexistent malignancy in phyllodes tumor can vary from in-situ to invasive carcinoma. Lobular neoplasia is separated into atypical lobular hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). LCIS is known to have a higher risk of developing invasive cancer. We reported imaging findings of multifocal LCIS arising in benign phyllodes tumor.

  19. Extremely rare borderline phyllodes tumor in the male breast: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jung Gyu; Kim, Shin Young; Jung, Hae Yoen; Lee, Deuk Young; Lee, Jong Eun

    2015-01-01

    Phyllodes tumor of the male breast is an extremely rare disease, and far fewer cases of borderline phyllodes tumors than benign or malignant tumors in the male breast have been reported. We report a case of borderline phyllodes tumor in the male breast with imaging findings of the tumor and pathologic correlation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Treatment of oral soft tissues benign tumors using laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisan, Bogdan; Baciut, Mihaela; Crisan, Liana; Bran, Simion; Rotar, Horatiu; Dinu, Cristian; Moldovan, Iuliu; Baciut, Grigore

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to assess the efficacy and indications of surgical laser therapy in the treatment of oral soft tissues benign tumors compared to classic surgery. A controlled clinical study was conducted in a group of 93 patients presenting various forms of oral soft tissues benign tumors. These patients were examined pre-and postoperatively and the oral benign tumors were measured linearly and photographed. The surgery of laser-assisted biopsy excision of oral benign tumors was carried out using a diode laser device of 980 nm. In patients who received surgical laser treatment, therapeutic doses of laser to biostimulate the operated area were administered on the first day after the surgery. The interventions of conventional excision of oral soft tissues benign tumors consisted in removing them using scalpel. In patients who have received therapeutic doses of laser for biostimulation of the operated area, a faster healing of wound surfaces and tumor bed was observed during the first days after surgery. Two weeks after the surgical treatment, good healing without scarring or discomfort in the area of excision was documented. Surgical treatment of oral soft tissues benign tumors with laser assisted postoperative therapy confirms the benefits of this surgical procedure. A faster healing process of the excision area due to laser biostimulation of low intensity has been observed in patients with surgical laser assisted treatment in the postoperative period.

  1. True Cervicothoracic Meningocele: A Rare and Benign Condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessoa, Bruno L.; Lima, Yara

    2015-01-01

    Cervical meningoceles are rare spinal dysraphism, accounting for approximately 7% of all cystic spinal dysraphism. In spite of the rarity, the clinical course is most of the times benign. The surgical treatment includes resection of the lesion and untethering, when presented. We present a 14-day-old female child with true meningoceles who underwent to surgical excision and dura-mater repair. Retrospect analysis of the literature concerning true cervical meningocele is performed. By reporting this illustrative case, we focus on its classification and its differentiation from other types of cervical spinal dysraphism, such as myelocystocele and myelomeningocele. Although its course is benign, it is mandatory a continuum follow up with periodic magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord, since late neurological deterioration has been described. PMID:26788266

  2. True Cervicothoracic Meningocele: A Rare and Benign Condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessoa, Bruno L; Lima, Yara; Orsini, Marco

    2015-12-29

    Cervical meningoceles are rare spinal dysraphism, accounting for approximately 7% of all cystic spinal dysraphism. In spite of the rarity, the clinical course is most of the times benign. The surgical treatment includes resection of the lesion and untethering, when presented. We present a 14-day-old female child with true meningoceles who underwent to surgical excision and dura-mater repair. Retrospect analysis of the literature concerning true cervical meningocele is performed. By reporting this illustrative case, we focus on its classification and its differentiation from other types of cervical spinal dysraphism, such as myelocystocele and myelomeningocele. Although its course is benign, it is mandatory a continuum follow up with periodic magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord, since late neurological deterioration has been described.

  3. True cervicothoracic meningocele: a rare and benign condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno L. Pessoa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cervical meningoceles are rare spinal dysraphism, accounting for approximately 7% of all cystic spinal dysraphism. In spite of the rarity, the clinical course is most of the times benign. The surgical treatment includes resection of the lesion and untethering, when presented. We present a 14-day-old female child with true meningoceles who underwent to surgical excision and dura-mater repair. Retrospect analysis of the literature concerning true cervical meningocele is performed. By reporting this illustrative case, we focus on its classification and its differentiation from other types of cervical spinal dysraphism, such as myelocystocele and myelomeningocele. Although its course is benign, it is mandatory a continuum follow up with periodic magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord, since late neurological deterioration has been described.

  4. Benign tumors of vulva: review and case report of achrocordon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuauhtémoc Galeana Castillo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The vulvovaginal region is a very complex area because of its anatomy and the fact that it can be source of a large number of benign tumors and less frequent malignant tumors. In recent decades, there have been significant gains in the diagnosis and treatment of vulvovaginal tumors, thanks to the contributions of cellular and molecular biology. The purpose of this review article is to serve as a practical reference for clinical and pathological diagnosis as well as in the outpatient treatment and monitoring of these benign tumors.

  5. Radiological and histopathological study of benign tumors of the mandible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, Seon Young; Baek, Seung Yon; Choi, Kyung Hee; Suh, Jeung Soo; Rhee, Chung Sik; Kim, Hee Seup [Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1984-06-15

    Benign tumors of the mandible are uncommon lesions. That were classified into odontogenic tumors and nonodontogenic tumors. Author reviewed the radiological evaluation and pathological microscopic finding from 33 benign tumors of the mandible that were confirmed by the biopsy during last 10 years in Dental Clinics, Ewha Womans University Hospital and Seoul National University Dental Hospital. Following results were obtained; 1. Benign tumors of the mandible were classified into odontogenic (66.7%) and non-odontogenic tumors (33.3%). 2. The range of the age distribution was between 6 years and 67 years old. The commonest age group was the second decade (39.4%). 3. There was no difference to sex distribution. 4. The most frequent location was the body of the mandible (42.4%). 5. Radiographic findings were relatively characteristic in odontogenic tumors rather than non-odontogenic tumors. 1) Radiolucent cystic lesions-ameloblastoma, odontogenic myxoma, odontogenic fibtoma, aneurysmal bone cyst and neurofibroma. 2) Radiopaque mass lesions-odontoma, cementoma and osteoma. 3) Mixed patterns-ossifying fibroma, cementifying fibroma, calcifying odontogenic epithelial tumor and hemangioma. It was concluded that the radiographic examination was of value to diagnose the benign tumors of the mandible in symptomless patients.

  6. A Rare Case of Malignant Glomus Tumor of the Esophagus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurvinder Singh Bali

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Glomus tumors are rare neoplasms that usually occur on the hands in a subungual location, or sometimes in palms, wrists or soles of the feet. They are described as purple/pink tiny painful lesions with a triad of pain, local point tenderness, and cold hypersensitivity. They are almost always benign, but rare malignant variants have been reported. They have also been reported to be present at unusual locations, like the lung, stomach, or liver. Gastrointestinal glomus tumors are extremely rare tumors and very few cases have been reported in the literature. Most that have been reported were usually benign in nature. A rare esophageal glomangioma, mimicking a papilloma, was reported in 2006. We report a case of glomangiosarcoma (malignant glomus tumor in a 49-year-old female, who presented with symptoms of dysphagia including some spasm and hoarseness and subjective unintentional weight loss. On endoscopic exam, she was found to have a distal esophageal mass with malignant features. Radiologically, the mass had a size of about 8 cm on the CT scan without evidence of metastases. Pathology and immunostaining of the biopsy showed features resembling a malignant glomus tumor. She underwent an endoscopic and laparoscopic staging of the tumor along with ultrasound. Based on the laparoscopic findings, which were consistent with the preoperative diagnosis, she was scheduled for an esophagectomy. Histopathology and immunophenotypic features of the excised mass were consistent with a diagnosis of malignant glomus tumor.

  7. Risk of borderline ovarian tumors among women with benign ovarian tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guleria, Sonia; Jensen, Allan; Kjær, Susanne K

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: A growing number of studies suggest that some ovarian cancers can arise from benign and borderline ovarian tumors. However, studies on the association between benign and borderline ovarian tumors are lacking. We studied the overall- and histotype-specific risk of borderline ovarian...... tumors among women with a benign ovarian tumor. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study included all Danish women diagnosed with a benign ovarian tumor (n=139,466) during 1978-2012. The cohort was linked to the Danish Pathology Data Bank and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) with 95% confidence intervals...... (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Women with benign ovarian tumors had increased risks for subsequent borderline ovarian tumors (SIR 1.62, 95% CI 1.43-1.82), and this applied to both serous (SIR 1.69, 95% CI 1.39-2.03) and mucinous (SIR 1.75, 95% CI 1.45-2.10) histotypes of borderline ovarian tumors...

  8. Magnetic resonance imaging of benign phyllodes tumors of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinoshita, Takayuki; Fukutomi, Takashi; Kubochi, Kiyoshi

    2004-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to become a useful adjunct in breast imaging. Contrast-enhanced breast MRI has demonstrated a high sensitivity in the detection of benign and malignant breast disease. Our study aimed to correlate the dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI appearance of benign phyllodes tumor of the breast with histopathologic findings. We retrospectively reviewed the MRI findings in eight patients with benign phyllodes tumor of the breast to describe the image characteristics of this disease. The architectural features and enhancement patterns of this tumor were assessed and compared with other breast diseases. MRIs demonstrated some characteristics for large benign phyllodes tumors (more than 3 cm in size). On T(2)-weighted images, they were imaged as spotted tumors in high to iso signal intensity with cystic components or septations inside. In the time-signal intensity curve for the eight patients in our study who underwent dynamic MRI, we demonstrated two patterns of their curve: rapidly and gradually enhanced. In conclusion, MRI findings in benign phyllodes tumor include dynamic curves of gradually and rapidly enhancing types, and a low and inhomogeneous signal intensity on T(2)-weighted images compared with fibroadenoma. These findings appear to be useful for diagnosis.

  9. The clinical characteristics of benign oral mucosal tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allon, Irit; Kaplan, Ilana; Gal, Gavriel; Chaushu, Gavriel; Allon, Dror M

    2014-09-01

    To investigate the clinical characteristics and pre- biopsy provisional diagnoses of benign oral mucosal tumors. A 10- year retrospective analysis of all benign tumors of the oral mucosa, from a university- affiliated oral and maxillofacial surgery department. 146 benign tumors were included. The mean age was 49.6 years, with an approximately equal gender distribution. The most prevalent tumor types were lipomatous tumors (27.4%), vascular (23.3%), and salivary gland tumors (16.5%). Tongue, labial and buccal mucosa were the most frequently involved sites. The vast majority (98.6%) presented as non-ulcerated masses. Only 2 (1.4%) presented as ulcerated masses. The clinical provisional diagnosis correctly classified lesions as non-malignant in 93.3%. In only 9 (6.7%) suspicion of malignancy was included in the provisional diagnosis. However, benignneoplasia was unsuspected in 42.1% of tumors. These cases were clinically classified as reactive. Benign tumors were most likely to be clinically correctly classified as non-malignant, but even in the setting of experienced oral surgeons, neoplasia was unsuspected in more than 40% of cases. This data strongly supports the need to biopsy every oral mucosal mass, since inaccurate clinical evaluation of the lesion's biological nature was a frequent event.

  10. Surgical Treatment of Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma as a Form of Intraspinal Extradural Tumor at Lumbar Spine

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Soo-Beom; Jang, Jee-Soo; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2010-01-01

    A benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) is one of the fibrohistiocytic groups of soft-tissue tumors for which spinal involvement is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, most spine-originating BFHs are bone tumors. We report the first case of BFH occurring in the intraspinal extradural space on the lumbar spine. A 66-year-old female presented with severe claudication symptom. The preoperative magnetic resonance images showed a huge intraspinal, extradural, thecal-sac-compressing soft-tiss...

  11. Risk of Local Recurrence of Benign and Borderline Phyllodes Tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borhani-Khomani, Kaveh; Talman, Maj-Lis Møller; Kroman, Niels

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the recurrence rate of benign and borderline phyllodes tumors (PTs) of the breast, the association between the size of resection margin and risk of recurrence and the risk of progression of histological grading at recurrence. METHODS: Nationwide retrospective study on Danish...... in histological grading was found. The results do not justify wide excision margins of nonmalignant phyllodes tumors of the breast....... women aged 18 years or older, operated from 1999 to 2014, with resected benign or borderline PTs. Information on age, size of primary tumor and recurrence, histological grade, surgical treatment, margin size, and local recurrence were collected from the national Danish Pathology Register. RESULTS...

  12. Intraosseous calcifying epithelial odontogenic (Pindborg) tumor: A rare entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    More, Chandramani B; Vijayvargiya, Ritika

    2015-01-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a locally aggressive, rare benign odontogenic neoplasm that accounts for tumors. It was first described by a Dutch pathologist Jens Jorgen Pindborg in 1955. It is most often located in the posterior mandible. The tumor usually appears between the second and sixth decade of life and has no gender predilection. It is slow-growing neoplasm with a recurrence rate of 10-15% and with rare malignant transformation. Early diagnosis is essential to avoid oro-maxillofacial deformation and destruction. CEOT is rarely reported in India. We, herewith present a rare case of CEOT with unusual features associated with an impacted right third molar in the posterior mandible of 35 years male, with an emphasis on clinical, radiographic, histopathology and immunohistochemical features.

  13. Krukenberg Tumor: A Rare Cause of Ovarian Torsion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sameer Sandhu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian torsion is the fifth most common gynecological surgical emergency. Ovarian torsion is usually associated with a cyst or a tumor, which is typically benign. The most common is mature cystic teratoma. We report the case of a 43-year-old woman who came to the Emergency Department with rare acute presentation of bilateral Krukenberg tumors, due to unilateral ovarian torsion. In this case report, we highlight the specific computed tomography (CT features of ovarian torsion and demonstrate the unique radiological findings on CT imaging. Metastasis to the ovary is not rare and 5 to 10% of all ovarian malignancies are metastatic. The stomach is the common primary site in most Krukenberg tumors (70%; an acute presentation of metastatic Krukenberg tumors with ovarian torsion is rare and not previously reported in radiology literature.

  14. Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma mimicking recurrence of an ovarian borderline tumor: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takemoto Shuji

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma is an extremely rare tumor that occurs mainly in women in their reproductive age. Its preoperative diagnosis and adequate treatment are quite difficult to attain. Case presentation Our patient was a 23-year-old Japanese woman who had a history of right oophorectomy and left ovarian cystectomy for an ovarian tumor at 20 years of age. The left ovarian tumor had been diagnosed on histology as a mucinous borderline tumor. Two years and nine months after the initial operation, multiple cysts were found in our patient. A laparotomy was performed and her uterus, left ovary, omentum and pelvic lymph nodes were removed due to suspicion of recurrence of the borderline tumor. A histological examination, however, revealed that the cysts were not a recurrence of the borderline tumor but rather benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma. There were no residual lesions and our patient was followed up with ultrasonography. She remains free from recurrence nine months after treatment. Conclusion We report a case of benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma mimicking recurrence of an ovarian borderline tumor. Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma should be suspected when a multicystic lesion is present in the pelvis as in the case presented here, especially in patients with previous abdominal surgery.

  15. Sertoliform cystadenoma: a rare benign tumour of the rete testis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bremmer, Felix; Schweyer, Stefan; Behnes, Carl Ludwig; Blech, Manfred; Radzun, Heinz Joachim

    2013-02-14

    Sertoliform cystadenoma of the rete testis represents an uncommon benign tumour. They appear in patients from 26 to 62 years of age. We describe a case of a 66-year-old man with a tumour in the area of the epididymal head. The tumour markers were not increased. Under the assumption of a malignant testicular tumour an inguinal orchiectomy was performed. The cut surface of this tumour was of grey/white color and showed small cysts. The tumour consisted of two compartments. The epithelial like tumour cells showed a sertoliform growth pattern and cystic dilatations. In between the tumour cells repeatedly actin expressing sclerotic areas could be recognized as the second tumour component. Proliferative activity was not increased. Immunohistochemically the tumour cells were positiv for inhibin, S-100, and CD 99. Alpha feto protein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-HCG) and placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) as well as synaptophysin, epithelial membrane antigene (EMA), and BCL-2 were not expressed. As far as we know this is the sixth reported case of this tumour. Because of the benign nature of this tumour the correct diagnosis is important for the intra- and postoperative management. Here we present a case of this rare tumour and discuss potential differential diagnosis. The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1956026143857335.

  16. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor) without calcification: A rare entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaushal, Seema; Mathur, Sandeep R; Vijay, Maneesh; Rustagi, Ankur

    2012-01-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a rare benign odontogenic tumor that was first described by Pindborg in 1955. It accounts for less than 1% of all odontogenic neoplasms. The tumor is characterized histologically by the presence of polygonal epithelial cells, calcification, and eosinophilic deposits resembling amyloid. Noncalcifying Pindborg tumor is very rare and only three cases have been documented in the English language literature so far. We present an additional case of noncalcifying Pindborg tumor and review the previously reported cases. Because noncalcifying Pindborg tumor is believed to be an aggressive variant, a definitive resection of the tumor with tumor-free surgical margins and long-term follow-up is recommended.

  17. Orbital Chondroma: A rare mesenchymal tumor of orbit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruchi S Kabra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available While relatively common in the skeletal system, cartilaginous tumors are rarely seen originating from the orbit. Here, we report a rare case of an orbital chondroma. A 27-year-old male patient presented with a painless hard mass in the superonasal quadrant (SNQ of left orbit since 3 months. On examination, best-corrected visual acuity of both eyes was 20/20, with normal anterior and posterior segment with full movements of eyeballs and normal intraocular pressure. Computerized tomography scan revealed well defined soft tissue density lesion in SNQ of left orbit. Patient was operated for anteromedial orbitotomy under general anesthesia. Mass was excised intact and sent for histopathological examination (HPE. HPE report showed lobular aggregates of benign cartilaginous cells with mild atypia suggesting of benign cartilaginous tumor - chondroma. Very few cases of orbital chondroma have been reported in literature so far.

  18. Clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of maxilla: Report of a rare case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badrashetty, Dinesh; Rangaswamy, Shruthi; Belgode, Niranjan

    2013-09-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign tumor of the jaws. Pindborg's tumor having clear cells is extremely rare. Twelve central lesions have been reported of which only three cases have occurred in maxilla. Clear cell variant is a distinct entity, has more aggressive biological behavior and higher chances of recurrence. Hence it is important that presence of clear cells be included in histopathological diagnosis. Here we present a rare case of clear cell CEOT having aggressive behavior.

  19. Distribution of mast cells in benign odontogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Assis Caldas Pereira, Francisco; Gurgel, Clarissa Araújo Silva; Ramos, Eduardo Antônio Gonçalves; Vidal, Manuela Torres Andion; Pinheiro, Antônio Luiz Barbosa; Jurisic, Vladimir; Sales, Caroline Brandi Schlaepfer; Cury, Patrícia Ramos; dos Santos, Jean Nunes

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of mast cells in a series of odontogenic tumors. Forty-five cases of odontogenic tumors were investigated using immunohistochemistry for mast cell triptase, and differences between groups were statistically evaluated. Mast cells were present in 96% of odontogenic tumors. Mast cells present in solid ameloblastoma were observed in the tumor stroma surrounding more solid and follicular epithelial islands, with or without squamous metaplasia. The odontogenic mixoma showed few mast cells. In odontogenic tumors with a cystic structure, the mast cells were distributed throughout all areas of the lesions, mainly in keratocystic odontogenic tumor. In addition, the total density of mast cells between all odontogenic tumors showed no significant difference (p > 0.05). A greater mast cells distribution was found in keratocystic odontogenic tumor in relation to adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (p odontogenic tumor were compared to the odontogenic myxoma (p odontogenic tumor showed a higher mean of mast cells when compared with the other tumors of the sample. Mast cells values presented by syndrome keratocystic odontogenic tumor were significantly greater than those of the sporadic keratocystic odontogenic tumor that were not associated with the syndrome (p = 0.03). Mast cells are probably one of the major components of the stromal scaffold in odontogenic tumors. We found significant differences of mast cells between syndrome nonsyndrome keratocystic odontogenic tumors, although their distribution did not seem to have any influence on the biologic behavior of benign odontogenic tumors.

  20. Coexistence of benign phyllodes tumor and invasive ductal carcinoma in distinct breasts: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neto Guerino

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This report describes a rare case of coexistence of benign phyllodes tumor, which measured 9 cm in the right breast, and invasive ductal carcinoma of 6 cm in the left breast, synchronous and independent, in a 66-year-old patient. The patient underwent a bilateral mastectomy due to the size of both lesions. Such situations are rare and usually refer to the occurrence of ductal or lobular carcinoma in situ when associated with malignant phyllodes tumors, and more often in ipsilateral breast or intra-lesional.

  1. Benign phyllodes tumor of the vulva: a case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LeAnn N. Denlinger

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Phyllodes tumor is an uncommon breast lesion with characteristic histologic appearance when examined by hematoxylin and eosin staining: leaf-like fronds projecting into cystic spaces on low-power microscopy, and biphasic (epithelial and stromal components on high-power microscopy. We report a rare primary case of this tumor arising within the vulva. A 34-year old African American female presented with a 3 cm slow-growing vulvar mass initially thought to be an inclusion cyst. The lesion was excised and histologic examination demonstrated this lesion to be a rare case of benign phyllodes tumor with morphologic features similar to those arising from breast tissue. Patient received no further treatment and did not exhibit any recurrence or metastasis. Nearly two years after excision, the patient died due to an unrelated medical cause. This rare tumor should be considered in the differential diagnosis for women presenting with a slow-growing vulvar mass.

  2. Transformation of benign fibroadenoma to malignant phyllodes tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daigle, Megan E; Tortora, Matthew; Panasiti, Ryane

    2015-01-01

    The transformation of a benign fibroadenoma into a phyllodes tumor is uncommon and unpredictable. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with a core biopsy proven fibroadenoma that underwent transformation into a malignant phyllodes tumor after 3 years of size stability. We present ultrasound and magnetic resonance images, as well as pathology slides from core biopsy and surgical excision, to illustrate this transformation. It has been suggested that phyllodes tumors may be misdiagnosed as fibroadenomas by core biopsy. However, in this case, pathology supports correct initial diagnosis of fibroadenoma and demonstrates a portion of the original fibroadenoma along the periphery of the malignant phyllodes tumor. PMID:26331090

  3. Incidentally Discovered Extensive Squamous Metaplasia within Borderline Phyllodes Tumor: Presentation of a Rare Tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uğraş, Nesrin; Tolunay, Şahsine; Öz Atalay, Fatma; Gökgöz, Şehsuvar

    2016-01-01

    Phyllodes tumors are uncommon biphasic fibroepithelial neoplasms of breast, comprising less than 1% of all breast neoplasms. We therefore aimed to present the case with its microscopic findings. In this article, we report a 59-year-old female admitted to the general surgery department with a rapidly, enlarging, palpable mass in right breast. After histopathological examination, it was diagnosed as borderline phyllodes tumor with extensive squamous metaplasia. Metaplastic changes are infrequent in the stromal and epithelial component of these tumors. Extensive squamous metaplasia within phyllodes tumor is rare and may occur in benign, borderline and malign subtypes.

  4. Report of two cases of granular cell tumor, a rare tumor in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuğçe Yasak

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Granular cell tumor (GCT is a rare soft tissue neoplasm. It was first named as “granular cell myoblastoma” in 1926 by Abrikossof. GCT often manifests as a single, painless nodule that shows a slow enlargement in the cutaneous, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues. It mostly affects adults between ages 30 and 60 years, and is very rare in children. We herein report two children with GCT; the first patient with a tumor in the neck is presented due to the rare occurrence of the tumor in children. The other patient with a tumor in the leg is presented both due to the rare occurrence of the tumor in children and the relatively less common site of occurrence. Both of the patients were female. The mean tumor size was 2.5 × 2 cm. Histopathological examination of the specimens revealed benign granular cell tumor. One of the patients who had positive margin did not follow-up after the first excision of the tumor and she presented with a local recurrence in a year. Then a wide excision was performed and the defect was closed primarily. The second patient had negative margin and had no recurrence during the follow-up period. Granular cell tumor is rare in children. Although it is mostly benign, it may be malignant in approximately 2% of the cases and metastasize. The local recurrence in a year is characteristic for malignant GCT before metastasis. Positive surgical margins are associated with high recurrence rates, therefore total excision of the tumor is crucial for local recurrence. GCT should be included in the differential diagnosis of head and neck masses. It should be remembered that the tumor may arise in atypical locations and there is a possibility of malignancy.

  5. Late sarcoma development after curettage and bone grafting of benign bone tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picci, Piero, E-mail: piero.picci@ior.it [Bone Tumor Center, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Sieberova, Gabriela [Dept. of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Bratislava (Slovakia); Alberghini, Marco; Balladelli, Alba; Vanel, Daniel [Bone Tumor Center, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Hogendoorn, Pancras C.W. [Dept. of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Mercuri, Mario [Bone Tumor Center, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy)

    2011-01-15

    Background and aim: Rarely sarcomas develop in previous benign lesions, after a long term disease free interval. We report the experience on these rare cases observed at a single Institution. Patients and methods: 12 cases curetted and grafted, without radiotherapy developed sarcomas, between 1970 and 2005, 6.5-28 years from curettage (median 18, average 19). Age ranged from 13 to 55 years (median 30, average 32) at first diagnosis; tumors were located in the extremities (9 GCT, benign fibrous histiocytoma, ABC, and solitary bone cyst). Radiographic and clinic documentation, for the benign and malignant lesions, were available. Histology was available for 7 benign and all malignant lesions. Results: To fill cavities, autogenous bone was used in 4 cases, allograft in 2, allograft and tricalcium-phosphate/hydroxyapatite in 1, autogenous/allograft in 1, heterogenous in 1. For 3 cases the origin was not reported. Secondary sarcomas, all high grade, were 8 osteosarcoma, 3 malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and 1 fibrosarcoma. Conclusions: Recurrences with progression from benign tumors are possible, but the very long intervals here reported suggest a different cancerogenesis for these sarcomas. This condition is extremely rare accounting for only 0.26% of all malignant bone sarcomas treated in the years 1970-2005 and represents only 8.76% of all secondary bone sarcomas treated in the same years. This incidence is the same as that of sarcomas arising on fibrous dysplasia, and is lower than those arising on bone infarcts or on Paget's disease. This possible event must be considered during follow-up of benign lesions.

  6. Bronchial carcinoid tumors: A rare malignant tumor

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-02-03

    Feb 3, 2015 ... Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice • Sep-Oct 2015 • Vol 18 • Issue 5. Abstract. Bronchial carcinoid tumors (BCTs) are an uncommon group of lung tumors. They commonly affect the young adults and the middle aged, the same age group affected by other more common chronic lung conditions such as ...

  7. Synovial sarcoma mimicking benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larque, Ana B.; Nielsen, G.P.; Chebib, Ivan [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Department of Pathology, Boston, MA (United States); Bredella, Miriam A. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2017-11-15

    To assess the radiographic and clinicopathologic features of synovial sarcoma of the nerve that were clinically or radiologically interpreted as benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor. Five patients with synovial sarcoma arising from the peripheral nerve and interpreted clinically and radiologically as peripheral nerve sheath tumors were identified. Clinicopathologic and imaging features were evaluated. There were three females and two males, ranging in age from 28 to 50 (mean 35.8) years. Most patients (4/5) complained of a mass, discomfort or pain. MR images demonstrated a heterogeneous, enhancing, soft tissue mass contiguous with the neurovascular bundle. On histologic examination, most tumors were monophasic synovial sarcoma (4/5). At the time of surgery, all tumors were noted to arise along or within a peripheral nerve. All patients were alive with no evidence of disease with median follow-up of 44 (range 32-237) months. For comparison, approximately 775 benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the extremities were identified during the same time period. Primary synovial sarcoma of the nerve can mimic peripheral nerve sheath tumors clinically and on imaging and should be included in the differential diagnosis for tumors arising from peripheral nerves. (orig.)

  8. Benign Mixed Epithelial and Stromal Tumor of the Kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Işin Doğan Ekici

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A 51-year-old, perimenopausal, female patient with 1-month history of right flank pain who was diagnosed with a renal mass and underwent nephron-sparing partial nephrectomy is presented. The renal mass was found to be a benign, biphasic tumor composed of an epithelial component, consisting of ducts of variable size scattered within a mesenchymal component, composed of spindle cells arranged in sheets and fascicles. No atypia, mitosis, or necrosis was found. The spindle component shows desmin, smooth muscle actin, and estrogen and progesterone receptor positivity immunohistochemically. The diagnosis of benign mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is rendered. No recurrent disease has been detected during 2 years of follow up.

  9. Solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas with sickle cell trait: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harish S Permi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas is a rare pancreatic neoplasm affecting young women, has low malignant potential and amenable for surgical excision with good long-term survival. Sickle cell trait is benign condition, which involves one normal beta-globin chain and one HbS chain. Although it is a benign condition, individuals are prone to have rare complications that may predispose to death under certain circumstances. We report a rare coexistence of solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas with sickle cell trait in an 18-year-old female who underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy. Histopathological examination and haemoglobin electrophoresis confirmed the diagnosis.

  10. Rare and Challenging Tumor Entity: Phyllodes Tumor of the Prostate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Bannowsky

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Cystic epithelial-stromal tumors of the prostate are rare, with 82 cases reported in literature. These cases have been published under a variety of diagnoses, including phyllodes tumor and prostatic stromal proliferation of uncertain malignant potential as well as a malignant tumor called “prostatic stromal sarcoma”. We report a case of a 60-year-old man with the histological diagnosis of phyllodes tumor of the prostate in transurethral resection specimen.

  11. A very rare, petro-clival, neurothekeoma tumor. Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iacob G.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Known as nerve sheath myxoma too, neurothekeoma are benign tumors, usually arise in the skin of the head, neck region and upper extremities, in young females. Cerebral neurothekeoma are very rare, a few cases were already described in the parasellar area, in the middle cranial and posterior fossa. We present a petro-clival neurotekoma. A 78-year-old male was admitted for two years left fronto-temporal headache completed in the last 6 months with left trigeminal V1 neuralgia, left facial hypoesthesia, diplopia, swallowing disorders for liquid foods, balance disorders. From his medical records we noticed: stage 2 chronic kidney disease, hypertension, prostate adenoma, dyslipidemia hypercholesterolemia. The MRI showed a macronodular petroclival mass in hiper T2, hipo T1, flair iso signal; normal cerebral angiography. The patient was operated on using a left retrosigmoid, retromastoidian approach. A 4/3/3 cm tumor, gray, encapsulated, soft consistency, partially cystic, less bleeding, attached to the dura, displacing the basilar artery and brain stem controlateral, encasing the trigeminal nerve. The tumor was totally removed with a good postop evolution. Six months follow up he had no more facial pain, but only persistant left facial hypoesthesia. Histologically the tumor had lobular appearance with spindle or stellate cells embedded in abundant myxoid background. The tumor cells were diffusely positive for S100, PGP9.5’, CD 34” positive in vessels, Ki67’positive in 5%. Cranial MRI performed one month after surgery did not show any residual tumor. Also known as nerve sheath myxomas, neurothekoma are rare benign tumors. For intracranial neurothekoma surgical indication is mandatory

  12. Rare tumors of the rectum. Narrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Errasti Alustiza, José; Espín Basany, Eloy; Reina Duarte, Angel

    2014-11-01

    Most rectal neoplasms are adenocarcinomas, but there is a small percentage of tumors which are of other histological cell lines such as neuroendocrine tumors, sarcomas, lymphomas and squamous cell carcinomas, which have special characteristics and different treatments. We have reviewed these rare tumors of the rectum from a clinical and surgical point of view. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  13. [Rare differential diagnosis on suspected liver tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinkel, B; Walgenbach-Brünagel, G; Risse, J H; Pauleit, D O

    2009-05-01

    This case report describes a 77-year old woman with a leiomyosarcoma of subhepatic inferior caval vein. The presented symptom was unspecific abdominal pain. Ultrasound and CT suggested a primary liver tumor. MRI revealed retroperitoneal location of the neoplasm. The tumor was resected completely and ICV was replaced by a PTF-graft. Vascular leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumor entity, which often is diagnosed in advanced stage. Depending on location it can be mistaken for neoplasms of other organs.

  14. Bilateral synchronous benign ovarian neoplasm: A rare occurrence

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    multicystic and contain sebaceous fluid, hair, teeth, bone or skin, and are bilateral in 10 - 12% of cases. Serous cystadenoma is also a benign tumour of the ovary, which is responsible ..... Epithelial ovarian cancers. In: Disala ED, Creasman WT, eds. Clinical. Gynecologic Oncology, 4th ed. Saint Louis: Mosby, 1993:333-334.

  15. Microsatellite instability in keratoacanthoma, a benign skin tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honchel, R.; Halling, K.C.; Pittelkow, M.R. [Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    Keratocanthoma (KA) is a benign, spontaneously regressing epithelial tumor of the skin. KA is generally sporadic but also occurs in patients with the Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS), an inherited disorder characterized by the development in an individual of at least one sebaceous tumor and one visceral malignancy (usually colorectal cancer). As a result of the recent identification of microsatellite instability (MIN) in a KA from a patient with MTS and because of the benign nature of these tumors, we surveyed a group of randomly selected KA for MN. Paraffin-embedded tissue from 53 patients were analyzed for MIN. Of the 53 KA`s examined, 6 demonstrated MIN at two or more loci. Two of the patients with MIN+ KA also had colonic adenocarcinomas, and paraffin-embedded tissue obtained from one of these patients also demonstrated MIN at multiple loci. Interestingly, two patients with KA that did not demonstrate MIN had colon tumors that did exhibit MIN. Of the 8 patients demonstrating MIN in at least one tumor, one has a history consistent with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), two have MTS, and three additional patients have features suggestive, but not diagnostic, of HNPCC. Two KA that were MIN+ appear to be sporadic since the patients had no associated visceral or sebaceous tumors, and no apparent family history of colon cancer. A 2 bp somatic deletion in exon 3 of the hMSH2 gene was identified in one of the sporadic MIN+ KA, suggesting that the genes responsible for HNPCC are also responsible for MIN in KA.

  16. Lessons Learned From an Untreated "Benign" Thoracic Tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scrimgeour, Laura A; Grada, Zakaria; Aswad, Bassam I; Ng, Thomas

    2017-02-01

    We describe a patient with Doege-Potter syndrome (solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura presenting with hypoglycemia) and illustrate several important lessons learned from the case. Seven years after the initial diagnosis, the tumor showed significant growth and developed a high-grade undifferentiated component. Solitary fibrous tumors do grow and cannot be deemed benign. Resection should be considered in all patients who are candidates for operation upon diagnosis. Our case also serves as a reminder of this rare syndrome, inasmuch as early recognition of the association of hypoglycemia with these tumors may have allowed for earlier diagnosis and avoidance of extensive tests in our patient. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. In Situ Ductal Carcinoma Arising in Benign Phyllodes Tumor in 19-Year Old Patient: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çolakoğlu, Muhammet Kadri; Yenidoğan, Erdinç; Akgül, Gökhan Giray; Irkkan, Sultan Çiğdem; Özdemir, Yılmaz; Gülçelik, Mehmet Ali; Çamlıbel, Mithat

    2014-01-01

    Phyllodes tumors are fibroepithelial lesions and malign forms are rare neoplasms with lower than 1% of all primary breast tumors. Malign forms are usually behaves like sarcomas because they occur in the stroma of the breast. Also proliferation of epithelium occurs and even it is less often, the epithelial component of phyllodes tumors can transform into malignancy too. This epithelial malignancies are usually in the form of infiltrative carcinomas and non-invasive tumors arising in benign phyllodes tumors are much rarer but can be seen. Literature include very few cases about this situation and cases are usually old woman. We report a 19-year old patient who was diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ arising in benign phyllodes tumor of the breast. PMID:28331678

  18. Evaluation of Amelotin Expression in Benign Odontogenic Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiana Paula Stolf

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Amelotin (AMTN is highly and selectively expressed by odontogenic epithelium-derived ameloblasts throughout the maturation stage of enamel formation. The protein is secreted and concentrated at the basal lamina interface between ameloblasts and the mineralized enamel matrix. Odontogenic tumors (OT are characterized by morphological resemblance to the developing tooth germ. OT vary from slowly expanding, encapsulated tumors to locally aggressive and destructive lesions. The purpose of this study was to determine the expression profile of AMTN in benign odontogenic tumors and to correlate it with specific features of the lesions. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining for AMTN was performed on human ameloblastoma, ameloblastic fibroma (AF, ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO, odontoma, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT and calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT. Results: Generally, ameloblastoma and AF did not stain for AMTN. A strong signal was detected in ameloblast-like layers of AFO and odontoma. Epithelial cells in AOT did not stain for AMTN, while calcifying areas of extracellular eosinophilic matrix were intensely stained. Interestingly, ghost cells present in odontomas and CCOT revealed variable staining, again in association with calcification foci. Conclusions: Amelotin expression was consistently detected in tumors presenting differentiated ameloblasts and obvious matrix deposition. Additionally, the presence of the protein in the eosinophilic matrix and small mineralized foci of AOT and calcification areas of ghost cells may suggest a role for AMTN in the control of mineralization events. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2013; 1(5.000: 236-245

  19. Invasive lobular carcinoma co-existing with benign phylloides tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Shrestha

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Phylloides tumor constitutes less than 1% of all breast tumors and 2 - 3% of fibroepithelial breast tumors. Several histological parameters should be evaluated, including stromal cellularity, atypia, mitoses, stromal overgrowth, infiltrative borders, and presence or absence of necrosis. Here we report a case of a 60 years- old female who presented with left breast lump. Fine needle aspiration cytology was done which suggested epithelial hyperplasia with fibrocystic changes. Biopsy was performed which showed predominance of stromal hypercellularity with proliferation of spindle cells (no atypia, mitosis and stromal overgrowth were noticed. However, a focus showed proliferation of discohesive tumor cells arranged singly and in single file. A diagnosis of benign phylloides tumor with foci of invasive lobular carcinoma was made. The diagnosis was confirmed with IHC which showed intense 80%positivity for estrogen and progesterone receptor and spindle cells showing positivity for bcl-2. In situ lobular carcinoma component was not observed. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v4i7.10321   Journal of Pathology of Nepal (2014 Vol. 4, 597-599

  20. Rare tumors research in emerging countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mano, Max S; Arai, Roberto J; Hoff, Paulo M G

    2010-09-30

    Rare tumors, when considered as a group, represent a significant burden to society as they may account for up to 25% of the mortality by cancer in nations like the United States. In contrast with the current scenario in highly incident cancer types, little progress has been achieved in the treatment of the most rare cancers. The reasons for this apparent stagnation are mostly intrinsic to logistical difficulties in performing large clinical trials in rare diseases and will be addressed further in this article. Because both cancer incidence and clinical research are booming in emerging nations, we also aim to address the current and future role of these countries in research and the drug development process in rare tumor types.

  1. Rare tumors research in emerging countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mano, Max S; Arai, Roberto J; Hoff, Paulo M.G.

    2010-01-01

    Rare tumors, when considered as a group, represent a significant burden to society as they may account for up to 25% of the mortality by cancer in nations like the United States. In contrast with the current scenario in highly incident cancer types, little progress has been achieved in the treatment of the most rare cancers. The reasons for this apparent stagnation are mostly intrinsic to logistical difficulties in performing large clinical trials in rare diseases and will be addressed further in this article. Because both cancer incidence and clinical research are booming in emerging nations, we also aim to address the current and future role of these countries in research and the drug development process in rare tumor types. PMID:21139964

  2. Bilateral synchronous benign ovarian neoplasm: A rare occurrence ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bilateral synchronous ovarian tumours are defined as the occurrence of two or more histologically distinct tumours in the ovaries. Synchronous tumours of the female genital tract are rare and the association of mature cystic teratoma with contralateral serous cystadenoma is uncommon. We report the rare occurrence of a ...

  3. Malignant mandibular tumors: two case reports of rare mandibular ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mandibular lesions can be benign or malignant, malignant being less common. The most common malignant tumor of mandible is squamous cell carcinoma. Others are ameloblastic carcinoma, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma and metastasis. Osteosarcoma is a bone tumor.

  4. Xanthogranuloma of the External Auditory Canal Mimicking a Benign Tumor: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keisuke Yoshihama

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Exostosis, osteoma, and adenoma are the most commonly encountered benign lesions in the external auditory canal. Herein, we report a case of the mass arising from the external auditory canal in a 24-year-old Japanese man. CT revealed the soft tissue mass without bony erosion, and MRI revealed that the mass showed a homogenous, iso signal intensity on a both T1- and T2-weighted image, suggesting that the mass is a benign tumor such as adenoma. Pathological examination showed that the specimen demonstrated xanthogranuloma in the external auditory canal. Although xanthogranuloma of the external auditory canal is extremely rare, otolaryngologists should recognize this condition during the inspection of the external auditory canal.

  5. Giant solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura: a rare but usually benign intrathoracic neoplasm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bodtger, Uffe; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Skov, Birgit Guldhammer

    2009-01-01

    with progressing dyspnoea secondary to a huge left-side neoplasm. RESULTS: Work-up reveal an FEV(1) of 0.4 L, and a giant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. The tumor was surgically removed in toto without complications: weighting approximately 3 kg, and benign histology. The patient was without dyspnoea...

  6. Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma: radiographic and histopathologic analysis of a rare pediatric tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Craig; Esguerra, Jorge; Wurzbach, Douglas [Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Canton Affiliated Hospitals, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Canton, OH (United States); Nagaraj, Usha [Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH (United States); Wasdahl, Daniel [Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Canton Affiliated Hospitals, Department of Pathology, Canton, OH (United States)

    2007-01-15

    Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is an extremely rare benign pediatric tumor that was described in 1998. Only 19 cases are reported in the literature. We present a 15-year-old girl with nasal obstruction and recurrent sinusitis. Her medical history was significant for a rare ovarian tumor and pleuropulmonary blastoma. CT demonstrated a partially calcified soft-tissue mass obstructing the nasal cavity. The patient underwent endoscopic surgical excision. Histologic and immunohistochemical analyses of the tumor were consistent with NCMH. The imaging characteristics of the tumor are reviewed. NCMH may be part of a syndrome associated with other pediatric neoplastic and dysplastic disease. (orig.)

  7. MR imaging of benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soederlund, V. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Tumor Service, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Dept. of Orthopedics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)); Goeranson, H. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Tumor Service, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Dept. of Orthopedics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)); Bauer, H.C.F. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Tumor Service, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Dept. of Orthopedics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden))

    1994-05-01

    In a retrospective, nonblind review of MR imaging of 15 benign peripheral nerve neoplasms in 13 patients, the signal pattern of the tumors (including contrast-enhanced images) and stage were assessed. One lesion was subcutaneous, 9 intramuscular, 2 intermuscular and 3 extracompartmental. One lesion was located to the trunk, 5 to the upper extremity and 9 to the lower. The signal on T1-weighted spin-echo images was homogeneous isointense compared to adjacent muscle in 11 lesions and in 2 slightly hyper- and in 2 slightly hypointense. T2-weighted spin-echo images, acquired in all but one examination, showed a hyperintense signal, homogeneous in 8 and centrally inhomogeneous in 6 lesions. Postcontrast T1-weighted images of 11 lesions, showed a strong signal, with an inhomogeneous enhancement in the center of the lesion similar to that obtained in T2-weighted images. In 2 cases there were signal characteristics indicating bleeding in the tumor. In one lesion both the nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images showed a hypointense signal in the tumor center suggestive of intramuscular myxoma. All lesions were well delineated without reactive edema. In all cases, anatomic tumor location was correctly assessed. Although the findings were not pathognomonic for neurinoma, MR imaging provided valuable information confirming the clinical and cytologic assessments. (orig.).

  8. Benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions: value of cross-sectional imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woertler, Klaus [Department of Radiology, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675, Munich (Germany)

    2003-08-01

    This article reviews the role of CT and MR imaging in the diagnosis of benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions of bone with with regard to differential diagnosis, the assessment of tumor-related complications, and the detection of postoperative recurrence. Indications for cross-sectional imaging of specific lesions, including osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, enchondroma, osteochondroma, intraosseous lipoma, hemangioma, giant cell tumor, aneurysmal bone cyst, simple bone cyst, and eosinophilic granuloma, are discussed, and advantages and disadvantages of the different imaging modalities are illustrated on the basis of pathologically confirmed cases. (orig.)

  9. Management of a Benign Phyllodes Tumor in a 13-Year-Old Girl with Trans-position of the Nipple Areola Complex and Breast Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erginel, B; Celet Ozden, B; Yesil Onder, S; Yuksel, S; Gun Soysal, F; Celik, A; Salman, T

    2015-01-01

    Phyllodes tumor is a rare primary tumor of the breast. In children and adolescents, it is even rarer with only 20 cases, treatment of which vary in the literature. Herein we report the case of a 13-year-old female patient with a giant benign phyllodes tumor eroding the bottom of the breast skin and causing nipple retraction. We performed breast conservative surgery by mobilizing the areola, using skin flaps and inserting an implant. Breast malignancy, including phyllodes tumor (PT), is very rare in adolescents. PT, previously called cystosarcoma phylloides, consists of leaf-like fronds, from which the tumor gets its name (1, 2). Although PT is most often seen in the fourth decade of life, almost 20 cases have been reported in the adolescent period, most of which are benign. The histologic types are benign, borderline, and malignant, depending on the mitotic rate of the tumor (3, 4). © Acta Chirurgica Belgica.

  10. Expression of 72 kilodalton type IV collagenase (gelatinase A) in benign and malignant ovarian tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autio-Harmainen, H; Karttunen, T; Hurskainen, T; Höyhtyä, M; Kauppila, A; Tryggvason, K

    1993-09-01

    72 Kilodalton (kd) type IV collagenase is a matrix metalloproteinase that specifically cleaves type IV collagen molecules. The enzyme has been postulated to have an important role in the invasion and spread of malignant tumors. In situ hybridization was used to study the expression of the 72 kd type IV collagenase mRNA in 24 benign, 2 semimalignant, and 15 malignant ovarian tumors and in 5 metastases of ovarian serous adenocarcinomas. The results were correlated with the expression of the mRNA for the alpha 1(IV) chain of type IV collagen and with the corresponding immunohistochemical distribution of the enzyme. The results showed that the more malignant an ovarian tumor was, the more clearly mRNA expressions for both 72 kd type IV collagenase and the alpha 1(IV) chain could be detected in tumor cells. The expression of both types of mRNAs was localized within the cells of tumor stroma and occurred mainly in fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells. Epithelial tumor cells only rarely expressed these mRNAs. Immunohistochemical stainings localized the 72 kd collagenase as well to the stromal cells as to the epithelial cells of both benign and malignant tumors. The findings indicate that genes for the 72 kd type IV collagenase and for its substrate are simultaneously active in the same cells of the tumor stroma. The difference in the in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical findings could be explained by a possible variation in the metabolic balance between synthesis and accumulation of the protein in different cell types. It can also be proposed that the activity of the 72 kd type IV collagenase would be mediated through a receptor-like mechanism present on epithelial cells which could bind the 72 kd type IV collagenase synthesized elsewhere. There is also a possibility that the gelatinolytic activity of the mesenchymally synthesized 72 kd type IV collagenase would be consumed to degrade extracellular matrix proteins other than basement membranes.

  11. Benign tumors and tumor-like lesions of the oral cavity and jaws: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: The purpose was to examine the prevalence, gender, age and site(s) of odontogenic and nonodontogenic benign tumors, and tumor‑like lesions occurring in the oral cavity and jaws in a Turkish population, particularly, in the Eastern Turkey, and to compare findings of this study with other reports. Materials and ...

  12. [Benign tumors of the external and middle ear from data collected at the Otolaryngologyst Department of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow between 1992-2001].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiatr, Maciej; Składzień, Jacek

    2007-01-01

    26 patients with benign tumors of the external and middle ear were treated at the Otolaryngology Department of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow between 1992-2001. Benign tumors of the external and middle ear are rare diseases, and it is usually easy to establish final diagnosis. Various histopathological types of these tumors are found. We discuss different kinds of tumors, their location and performed treatment. In our population the most common tumor was osteoma located in external ear canal. The best kind of treatment is radical surgical resection of the lesion. In cases when surgical treatment is impossible because of local progression of the disease, radiotherapy should be considered.

  13. Metallothionein immunoexpression in selected benign epithelial odontogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johann, Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues; Caldeira, Patrícia Carlos; Souto, Giovanna Ribeiro; de Abreu, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães; Aguiar, Maria Cássia Ferreira; Mesquita, Ricardo Alves

    2014-03-01

    Odontogenic tumors exhibited variable biologica behaviors. Metallothionein (MT) is correlated with the cellular homeostasis of essential metals, cellular differentiation, and proliferation. The core goals of this study are (i) to report and to compare MT expression among benign epithelial odontogenic tumors; (ii) to correlate MT with cellular proliferation index; and (iii) to evaluate the influence of the inflammatory infiltrate on MT expression. Ten cases of solid ameloblastomas (SABs), 4 squamous odontogenic tumors (SOTs), 5 adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (AOTs), and 3 calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumors (CEOTs) were subjected to immunohistochemical to anti-MT, anti-Ki-67, and anti-PCNA. Statistical analysis was performed using BioEstat(®) 4.0. Metallothionein staining was found to be the highest in the SABs (93.1%), followed by SOTs (52.9%), AOTs (38.4%), and CEOTs (0%). MT staining exhibited statistically significant differences between the SABs and the SOTs (P = 0.0047) and the AOTs (P = 0.0022). A weak-to-strong positive correlation between IMT and IK or IP was observed in SABs and SOTs, whereas a strong negative correlation was observed in AOTs. No differences in IMT, IK, and IP were observed between inflammation groups A and B. The increased MT expression observed in the SABs might be correlated with clinical behavior (local invasiveness and high rate of recurrence). In the SABs and SOTs, MT plays a role in the stimulation of cellular proliferation. In contrast, MT can inhibit cellular proliferation in the AOT. The IMT, IK, and IP are not affected by inflammation. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. RARE CASE OF DESMOID TUMOR OF URINARY BLADDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chalapathy

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Desmoid tumor is a benign soft tissue tumor which belongs to a family of myofibroblastic fibromatoses. Occasionally, desmoid tumors have an unusual site of occurrence . We describe a case of incisional hernia in postmenopausal women with an intra operative incidental finding of a desmoid tumor from anterior wall of urinary bladder for which a wide excision was performed

  15. [Histopathology and cytology of supposedly benign tumors of the ovary].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevestre, H; Ikoli, J-F; Al Thakfi, W

    2013-12-01

    Most tumors of the ovary presumed benign according to clinical, biological and imaging data are cysts. A cyst is a newly formed cavity lined by epithelium. It tends to enlarge, and can undergo torsion, rupture and haemorrhage. Most prevalent cystic lesions, i.e. inclusion cysts, serous or mucinous cystadenomas, endometriotic cysts, mature teratoma and other cysts are described. Diagnostic methods of cytology and pathology are described and evaluated: intraoperative examination of cystic and peritoneal fluids are not recommended; intraoperative consultation can be performed on solid parts or implants, if the pathologist is familiar with these lesions, or if primary carcinoma is known. The value of intraoperative examination is good in benign and cancer cases, but unsatisfactory in borderline lesions, especially of mucinous type. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue can be performed to preserve tumoral and normal tissue in Biobank for research protocol, or to maintain fertility through follicle preservation, in aseptic conditions. Transfer of samples towards the pathology laboratory can be performed either and preferably in fresh state, or in vacuum sealed bags at +4°C allowing a 2-day delay, or after immersion in a 15 × volume of 4% formalin. Cytological samples must be collected on citrate and sent immediately to the pathology laboratory, or fixed volume/volume in of absolute alcohol. The pathologist and the surgeon must collaborate to obtain good practice: intact labelled sample, accompanied by clinical information, transfer according to best local conditions, judicious use of intraoperative examination, knowing its possibilities and limitations, no excess delay of pathology report, even in difficult cases requiring expert opinion. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  16. Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis: A Rare Benign Cause of Pneumoperitoneum

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    Puneet Devgun

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rare gastrointestinal complication in the course of connective tissue diseases, especially in scleroderma, that can lead to pneumoperitoneum or obstruction. Findings on plain radiography may reveal radiolucent linear or bubbly circular air bubbles in the bowel wall, with or without free gas accumulation in the peritoneal cavity. Treatment of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis ranges from supportive care to laparotomy.

  17. Laryngeal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: A rare case

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    Gülay Bulut

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a borderline neoplasm with uncertain malignant potential. The most frequent site of localization is the lungs. The localization in larynx in the head-neck area is rather rare. The 11-year-old female patient had the symptom of hoarse voice, which had been continuing for three years. The laryngoscopy performed showed a polypoid tissue with a wide base, which involved the left vocal cord at full length. The polypoid tissue was completely excised. The histopathological examination performed demonstrated several myofibroblasts with intranuclear pseudo-inclusions, which were surrounded by mixed inflammatory infiltrates in a myxoid stroma. No significant atypia, mitosis and necrosis were observed. The immunochemistry stains were positive for Vimentin, ALK and EMA in neoplastic cells. Alcian blue stain was positive in the myxoid stroma. The case was diagnosed with laryngeal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in the light of histopathological and immunohistochemical findings. Laryngeal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, a rare entity, should definitely be distinguished from malignant laryngeal tumors. Accurate diagnosis ensures that unnecessary and aggressive treatment methods are avoided and complete, organ-salvaging resection adequate for the inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor be conducted. J Clin Exp Invest 2015; 6 (3: 315-317

  18. Verruciform xanthoma of the penis: A rare benign lesion that simulates carcinoma

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    Aldo Franco De Rose

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Verruciform xanthoma is a rare and benign condition predominantly affecting the oral cavity, but also skin and female anogenital mucosa. It can be flat, papular-warty or crateriform-cystic. Furthermore it can simulate HPV viral lesion such as condyloma and malignant neoplasia such as verrucous squamous cell carcinoma. An accurate diagnosis is important to avoid overtreatment, considering it is a benign lesion that does not require any radical treatment. We present an extremely rare case of a 64 year-old man with a small, slighty raised, gray reddish-dotted lesion on the left portion of the ventral side of his glans.

  19. A rare tumor of trachea: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor diagnosis and endoscopic treatment

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    Mehmet Akif Özgül

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs are rare childhood neoplasms, with benign clinical course. Although etiology of IMTs are not clear, recent studies have reported that IMT is a true neoplasm rather than a reactive or inflammatory lesion. IMTs are rarely seen in adults and tracheal involvement is also rare both in adults and also in children. We describe a 16-year old female patient who was misdiagnosed and treated as asthma in another center for a few months and presented with acute respiratory distress due to upper airway obstruction. Computerized tomography (CT of the chest and rigid bronchoscopy revealed a mass lesion that was nearly totally obliterating tracheal lumen. Bronchoscopic resection was performed under general anesthesia and the final pathological diagnosis was tracheal IMT.

  20. A RARE CASE OF THIAZIDE-INDUCED BENIGN GYNAECOMASTIA

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    Sandeep Yamsani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Gynaecomastia is a common disorder of the endocrine system in which there is a noncancerous enlargement of the male breast. The incidence of drug-induced gynaecomastia is about 4-10%. One among them are the thiazide group of diuretics, which result in gynaecomastia by inhibition of androgen synthesis. The present case study is about a 75-year-old patient who is a known case of diabetes and hypertension with primary complaints of bilateral breast enlargement diagnosed with a rare presentation of hydrochlorothiazide adverse drug reaction gynaecomastia.¹

  1. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor: Rare Manifestation in Face.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, William Phillip Pereira da; Zavarez, Larissa Balbo; Zanferrari, Fernando Luiz; Schussel, Juliana Lucena; Faverani, Leonardo Pérez; Jung, Juliana Elizabeth; Sassi, Laurindo Moacir

    2017-11-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, also known as inflammatory pseudotumor and plasma cell granuloma, is a tumor that occurs most often in the lungs, abdomen, skin, soft tissue, genital system, and mediastinal. Before surgery, the diagnosis is difficult to establish because of its diverse manifestations. In the head and neck, manifestation is rare and may occur in the upper respiratory tract, soft tissues, orbits, and skull base. This article aims to report a rare manifestation of the disease in the face, highlighting the importance of a correct diagnosis to determine the most appropriate form of treatment, in male patient, leucoderma, 22 years old, with complain of a painless unilateral growth in the left cheek, beginning 2 months before and with progressive growth.

  2. Autoantibody profiling of benign and malignant thyroid tumors and design of a prototype diagnostic array

    OpenAIRE

    K V Lanshchakov; P V Belousov; V E Vanushko; A Yu Abrosimov; D V Kuprash; N S Kuznetsov

    2012-01-01

    Currently the “gold standard” in diagnostics of thyroid tumors is a fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). However, FNAC cannot discriminate between benign and malignant thyroid tumors in 15 to 30% of observations. In order to develop an additional tool for differential diagnostics of thyroid tumors we evaluated the diagnostic performance of 3-antigen serum autoantibody signature in groups of benign ( n = 22) and malignant ( n = 26) thyroid tumors using a dot-blot ELISA-based analysis The se...

  3. Schwannoma of the vagus nerve, a rare middle mediastinal neurogenic tumor: case report

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    Foroulis Christophoros N

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Schwannoma originating from the vagus nerve within the mediastinum is a rare, usually benign tumor. A 44-year old male was presented with chest pain. Chest radiography, CT scan and MRI showed a well circumscribed mass, 5 × 4 cm located in the aortopulmonary window. The mass was found at surgery to be in close proximity with the aortic arch and the left pulmonary hilum, alongside the left vagus nerve. The encapsulated tumor was completely resected through a left thoracotomy incision and it was found to be a benign schwannoma in pathology. The patient is free of recurrence 6 years after surgery.

  4. Benign Phyllodes Tumor Mimicking a Malignancy in a Turner Syndrome Woman with Hormone Replacement Therapy: A Case Report

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    Lee, Woong Jae; Chong, Se Min; Pang, Jae Choon; Seo, Jae Seung; Byun, Jun Soo; Seok, Ju Won [Chung-Ang University Medical Center, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hee Jung; Gong, Gyung Yub [Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Mdeicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Phyllodes tumor of the breast is a relatively rare fibroepithelial tumor. Turner syndrome is a condition that affects approximately 50 per 100,000 females and includes total or partial absence of one X chromosome in all or part of the cells, reduced final height, absence of female sex hormone, and infertility. In this case report, we describe the first case of a benign phyllodes tumor mimicking a malignancy at breast US in a 26-year-old woman with Turner syndrome who had been undergoing hormone replacement therapy

  5. Extramedullary hematopoiesis in a case of benign mixed mammary tumor in a female dog: cytological and histopathological assessment

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    Leão João

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Backgroud Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH is defined as the presence of hematopoietic stem cells such as erythroid and myeloid lineage plus megakaryocytes in extramedullary sites like liver, spleen and lymph nodes and is usually associated with either bone marrow or hematological disorders. Mammary EMH is a rare condition either in human and veterinary medicine and can be associated with benign mixed mammary tumors, similarly to that described in this case. Case presentation Hematopoietic stem cells were found in a benign mixed mammary tumor of a 7-year-old female mongrel dog that presents a nodule in the left inguinal mammary gland. The patient did not have any hematological abnormalities. Cytological evaluation demonstrated two distinct cell populations, composed of either epithelial or mesenchymal cells, sometimes associated with a fibrillar acidophilic matrix, apart from megakaryocytes, osteoclasts, metarubricytes, prorubricytes, rubricytes, rubriblasts, promyelocytes, myeloblasts. Histological examination confirmed the presence of an active hematopoietic bone marrow within the bone tissue of a benign mammary mixed tumor. Conclusions EMH is a rare condition described in veterinary medicine that can be associated with mammary mixed tumors. It's detection can be associated with several neoplastic and non-neoplastic mammary lesions, i.e. osteosarcomas, mixed tumors and bone metaplasia.

  6. A Rare Tumor of the Orbit: Angiomyxoma

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    Adem Türk

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Angiomyxoma, which is a rare mesenchymal tumor, has a propensity for occurring in the trunk, head and neck, extremities, and the genital region. Development of the tumor in the orbit is extremely rare, and only a few studies have been reported to date. In this study, we present a 26-year-old female patient who was admitted with a complaint of growing mass at her left upper eyelid during the previous 9 months. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-demarcated lesion appearing as hypointense on T1- and hyperintense on T2- weighted images in the left orbit; the mass was totally excised. Histopathological examination revealed a tumor comprising spindle shaped cells in myxoid stroma sprinkled with small vascular structure. The tumor tissue was positive for alcian blue and vimentin, and not for S100 on staining. Histopathological examination led to the diagnosis of orbital angiomyxoma. The case was followed-up for 18 months without any evidence of recurrence. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 496-8

  7. Tumors and Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tumors during pregnancy are rare, but they can happen. Tumors can be either benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer. Malignant ones are. The most common cancers in pregnancy are breast cancer, cervical cancer, lymphoma, and melanoma. ...

  8. Squamous Odontogenic Tumor with Unusual Localization and Appearance: A Rare Case Report

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    Sucheta Bansal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Squamous odontogenic tumor is a rare benign neoplasm and may affect multiple sites in the mouth. SOT was first described by Pullon et al. (1975. Since then, there have been less than 50 reported cases. The tumor is often asymptomatic, although it can present with symptoms of pain and tooth mobility. We report a case of SOT occurring in a 26-year-old female in the anterior mandible with unusual localization and appearance.

  9. Pindborg Tumor Presenting as a Nasal Polyp: Immunohistology and Ultrastructural Features of a Rare Case, With Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Suvradeep; Kaur, Gurwinder; Nada, Ritambhra; Mohindra, Satyawati

    2016-09-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, also known as Pindborg tumor, is a rare benign odontogenic tumor. This tumor predominantly involves the mandible, though the maxilla can also be involved in some cases. The involvement of maxillary sinuses, however, has been previously reported in only 8 case reports English literature. These patients chiefly presented with nasal obstruction along with epistaxis or proptosis in rare cases. However, a primary presentation as nasal polyp is unheard of. We present a rare case of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor presenting as a nasal polyp, posing a diagnostic difficulty. © The Author(s) 2016.

  10. Conjunctival myxoma: a synopsis of a rare ocular tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Meng-Jun; Dim, Daniel C

    2015-05-01

    Conjunctival myxoma is an exceptionally rare, slow-growing, benign neoplasm of primitive mesenchyme origin. Forty-one cases of conjunctival myxoma from a literature review, including the authors' case, are listed. The usual clinical history is a painless mass appearing during months to years. Grossly, the tumor is a well-circumscribed, cystlike, gelatinous, yellow-to-pink, translucent-to-solid mass. Microscopically, the hypocellular tumor contains stellate- and spindle-shaped cells in a mucoid stroma with abundant hyaluronic acid mucopolysaccharides. Vimentin and α-smooth muscle actin highlight the spindle and stellate cells. S100 protein and desmin are negative for the tumor cells. Treatment is complete surgical excision, with no recurrence reported in the follow-up period. Notably, conjunctival myxoma may be associated with Carney complex, an autosomal-dominant disorder associated with skin pigmentation, endocrine abnormalities, and myxoma of the heart and eye. Physicians should appreciate this unique ocular tumor because of its potential association with Carney complex.

  11. Recurrence of Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor: A Rare Pancreatic Tumor

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    Chandra Punch

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP is a rare disease of young females that does not usually recur after resection. Here we report a case of an elderly female with history of SPTP ten years ago who presented with anorexia and a palpable left lower quadrant abdominal mass. Imaging revealed metastatic disease and US-guided biopsy of the liver confirmed the diagnosis of SPTP. Due to her advanced age and comorbidities, she elected to undergo hospice care. The objective of this case report is to increase awareness of this tumor and its possibility of recurrence, necessitating further guidelines for follow-up.

  12. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor in the Maxilla: Report of a Rare Case

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    Jahanshah Salehinejad

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST is a rare malignant tumor that develops either from a preexisting neurofibroma or de novo. The cell of origin is believed to be the Schwann cell and possibly other nerve sheath cells. In this report, we describe a rare case of MPNST that arise from the socket of second left maxillary molar that has been already extracted in a young man. He was referred to a dentist’s office with a tumor-like mass of soft tissue on his left maxillary gingiva. Biopsy and histopathologic examination was performed and based on histologic and immuno-histochemical findings, the diagnosis of MPNST was made. MPNST is a rare malignant tumor in the oral cavity. Dentists must be careful and conscious because this rare malignancy can occur in gingiva and can mimic the clinical feature of any benign gingival enlargements.

  13. Pleural localized malignant mesothelioma mimicking a benign solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura on chest computed tomography: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Hwi Ryong; Chong, Se Min; Kim, Mi Kyung [Dept. of Radiology, (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-06-15

    Pleural malignant mesotheliomas arise from mesothelial cells in the pleura. They are characterized as diffuse or localized malignant mesotheliomas (LMM). Diffuse malignant mesotheliomas spread diffusely along pleural surfaces, while LMM are well-circumscribed nodular lesions with no gross or microscopic diffuse pleural spreading. Therefore, LMM can be radiologically confused with solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTP), which commonly presents as a solitary, well-demarcated peripheral mass abutting the pleural surface upon the completion of a computed tomography (CT). Therefore, this study reports on a 63-year-old female patient with a pathologically-proven LMM of the pleura, mimicking a benign SFTP upon having a chest CT. Although LMM is extremely rare, FDG PET/CT should be recommended for adequate tumor management in order to avoid misdiagnosing the tumor as a benign SFTP when an interfissural or pleural-based mass is seen on the chest CT.

  14. Gastric Schwannoma: A Benign Tumor Often Misdiagnosed as Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Apurva S; Rathi, Pravin M; Somani, Vaibhav S; Mulani, Astha M

    2015-09-28

    Gastric schwannomas are rare mesenchymal tumors that arise from the nerve plexus of gut wall. They present with nonspecific symptoms and are often detected incidentally. Preoperative investigation is not pathognomic and many are therefore misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors. We report a rare case of a 37-year old woman who underwent laparotomy for complex bilateral ovarian cyst with resection of gastric-gastrointestinal stromal tumor preoperatively, but confirmed to have a gastric schwannomas postoperatively. This case underscores the differential diagnosis of submucosal, exophytic gastric mass as schwannoma.

  15. Gastric schwannoma: a benign tumor often misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apurva S. Shah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Gastric schwannomas are rare mesenchymal tumors that arise from the nerve plexus of gut wall. They present with nonspecific symptoms and are often detected incidentally. Preoperative investigation is not pathognomic and many are therefore misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors. We report a rare case of a 37-year old woman who underwent laparotomy for complex bilateral ovarian cyst with resection of gastric-gastrointestinal stromal tumor preoperatively, but confirmed to have a gastric schwannomas postoperatively. This case underscores the differential diagnosis of submucosal, exophytic gastric mass as schwannoma.

  16. Benign granular-cell tumor of the breast: Case report and literature review

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    Devi Meenal Jagannathan, MD(RD, DMRD, DNB(RD, FRCR

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Granular-cell tumor is an uncommon cause of breast mass in premenopausal women that presents as a painless chronic lump. It mimics infiltrating carcinoma clinically and radiologically. Granular-cell tumor is usually benign, and the treatment is wide local excision. Definitive pre-operative diagnosis helps to avoid unnecessary mastectomy. We present clinical, mamographic, and sonographic characteristics of a benign granular-cell tumor of the breast in a 57-year-old woman.

  17. Benign granular-cell tumor of the breast: Case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagannathan, Devi Meenal

    2015-01-01

    Granular-cell tumor is an uncommon cause of breast mass in premenopausal women that presents as a painless chronic lump. It mimics infiltrating carcinoma clinically and radiologically. Granular-cell tumor is usually benign, and the treatment is wide local excision. Definitive pre-operative diagnosis helps to avoid unnecessary mastectomy. We present clinical, mamographic, and sonographic characteristics of a benign granular-cell tumor of the breast in a 57-year-old woman.

  18. A rare cutaneous tumor: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

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    Nuran Alli

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP is a rare indolent cutaneous tumor which has been considered as a low-grade dermal and subcutaneous fibrohistiocytic neoplasm. DFSP expands slowly but recurs frequently leading to the general assumption that DFSP is a locally aggressive neoplasm. This low-grade/borderline tumor which is generally found on trunk and proximal extremities of adults has limited potential for metastasis. Clinical presentation is usually typical with a red-brown or skin coloured indurated plaque with multiple nodules or protuberances. Histopathology of DFSP is also characteristical which demonstrates storiform pattern of uniform spindle cells infiltrating deep into the subcutaneous fat tissue constituting honeycomb appearence. Here, we report a case of DFSP in a 50-year-old woman who presents with a twenty year history of slowly growing mass on her left femoral area.

  19. Benign Endometrial Polyp and Primary Endometrial Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Confined to the Polyp: A Rare Association

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    Pembe Oltulu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs are a heterogeneous group of tumoral lesions originating from diffuse endo­crine system cells. They occur mostly in the gastrointes­tinal system and the lung. Primary NETs of the female reproductive tract are rare. In a widely used classification, primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (SCNECs and large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs of the endometrium were included in a subgroup of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas. SCNECs of the endometrium are very rare and they are often com­bined with other epithelial neoplasms. Their myometrial and extrauterine invasions are common during the initial diagnosis due to their aggressive behaviors. In this ar­ticle, we present a rare case of primary endometrial SC­NEC detected within the benign endometrial polyp and without invasion of myometrium and extrauterine tissues in a 70-year-old female patient presenting with post­menopausal bleeding. Histopathologically, the tumor cells showed positive staining with Synaptophysin, the Ki-67 labeling index was 80-90%, the mitotic index was 15/10 per HPF and there was no necrosis and lymphovascular invasion. J Clin Exp Invest 2016; 7 (1: 107-110

  20. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor:A Rare Abdominal Tumor

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    Shagufta Shaheen

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs are rare abdominal tumors which arise from the interstitial cells of Cajal in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastric GISTs are the most commonly seen GIST tumors and may grow to a very large size. They are often associated with abdominal pain, anorexia and weight loss. Most of them can be detected by CT. These tumors have been found to harbor mutations in CD117 which causes constitutional activation of the tyrosine kinase signaling pathway and is considered to be pathognomic. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as imatinib have revolutionized the treatment of these tumors, which are otherwise resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Although surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been useful in prolonging the recurrence-free survival of these patients. Resistance to imatinib has been reported in GISTs with specific mutations. We present a case of gastric GIST which grew to a very large size and was associated with abdominal pain and weight loss. It was successfully resected and the patient was commenced on imatinib therapy.

  1. Peripheral and central aggressive form of Pindborg tumor of mandible - A rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinayakrishna, K; Soumithran, C S; Sobhana, C R; Biradar, Vijay

    2013-01-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT), or Pindborg tumor, is a rare and benign odontogenic neoplasm that affects the jaw. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor can be divided into 2 clinico-topographic variants: Intraosseous (central) or Extraosseous (peripheral), with an incidence of 94% and 6%, respectively. The intraosseous tumors have a predilection for the mandible, and most tumors arise in the molar and premolar region of the mandible. When present, extraosseous tumors are often located in the anterior jaw and involve the gingiva. In this article we present a unique rare variety of Pindborg tumor of mandible with both intraosseous & extraosseous presentation and also locally aggressive behavior. A 35 year old man presented with Pindborg tumor (CEOT) of mandible with both intraosseous and extraosseous variant in a single lesion, extending from right premolar region to the left molar region. CEOT is an uncommon neoplasm accounting for less than 1% of all odontogenic tumors. Although CEOT is considered less aggressive clinically than typical infiltrating ameloblastoma, but our case is a rarity which was aggressive and also rapidly progressive in short duration, with intra and extraosseous presentation. Hence it was managed surgically similar to a malignant lesion. Presentation of two different variants of an odontogenic tumor in a single lesion and aggressive behavior of rather slow growing tumor, mimicking malignant lesion definitely shows possibility of rare variations in different magnitude. Hence proper diagnosis for management with better prognosis of these kinds of tumors is very much essential.

  2. Peripheral and central aggressive form of Pindborg tumor of mandible – A rare case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinayakrishna, K.; Soumithran, C.S.; Sobhana, C.R.; Biradar, Vijay

    2013-01-01

    Inroduction The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT), or Pindborg tumor, is a rare and benign odontogenic neoplasm that affects the jaw. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor can be divided into 2 clinico-topographic variants: Intraosseous (central) or Extraosseous (peripheral), with an incidence of 94% and 6%, respectively. The intraosseous tumors have a predilection for the mandible, and most tumors arise in the molar and premolar region of the mandible. When present, extraosseous tumors are often located in the anterior jaw and involve the gingiva. Purpose In this article we present a unique rare variety of Pindborg tumor of mandible with both intraosseous & extraosseous presentation and also locally aggressive behavior. Case report A 35 year old man presented with Pindborg tumor (CEOT) of mandible with both intraosseous and extraosseous variant in a single lesion, extending from right premolar region to the left molar region. Discussion CEOT is an uncommon neoplasm accounting for less than 1% of all odontogenic tumors. Although CEOT is considered less aggressive clinically than typical infiltrating ameloblastoma, but our case is a rarity which was aggressive and also rapidly progressive in short duration, with intra and extraosseous presentation. Hence it was managed surgically similar to a malignant lesion. Conclusion Presentation of two different variants of an odontogenic tumor in a single lesion and aggressive behavior of rather slow growing tumor, mimicking malignant lesion definitely shows possibility of rare variations in different magnitude. Hence proper diagnosis for management with better prognosis of these kinds of tumors is very much essential. PMID:25737906

  3. Benign fibrous histiocytoma of the lumbar vertebrae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demiralp, Bahtiyar; Oguz, Erbil; Sehirlioglu, Ali [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Ankara (Turkey); Kose, Ozkan [Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Diyarbakir (Turkey); Ataslar Serhat Evleri, Diclekent Bulvari, Diyarbakir (Turkey); Sanal, Tuba [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey); Ozcan, Ayhan [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Pathology, Ankara (Turkey)

    2009-02-15

    Benign fibrous histiocytoma is an extremely rare spinal tumor with ten reported cases in the literature. Benign fibrous histiocytoma constitutes a diagnostic challenge because it shares common clinical symptoms, radiological characteristics, and histological features with other benign lesions involving the spine. We present a case of benign fibrous histiocytoma of the lumbar spine and discuss its differential diagnosis and management. (orig.)

  4. Autofluorescence quantification of benign and malignant choroidal nevomelanocytic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albertus, Daniel L; Schachar, Ira H; Zahid, Sarwar; Elner, Victor M; Demirci, Hakan; Jayasundera, Thiran

    2013-08-01

    Accurate diagnosis of choroidal melanoma is challenging and has important implications for both physicians and patients. We assessed the utility of quantification of fundus autofluorescence in the evaluation and follow-up of choroidal nevomelanocytic tumors. To assess the utility of autofluorescence quantification in distinguishing clinically diagnosed choroidal nevi, melanoma, and indeterminate nevomelanocytic lesions. A retrospective observational study from 2006 to 2012 of patients with choroidal nevomelanocytic lesions who had digital autofluorescence and color fundus imaging performed at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center. ImageJ software was used to output autofluorescence gray-scale values for each pixel of a 500 × 50-pixel region within each lesion and a corresponding adjacent control region. A single value was generated, termed the Index of Retinal Autofluorescence (IRA), to represent the total difference in gray-scale values between the 2 regions in each affected eye. Thirteen of the 14 clinically diagnosed nevi exhibited an IRA less than 150 gray-scale intensity squared (gsi2). Eight of 9 clinically diagnosed melanomas exhibited an IRA more than 150 gsi2. An IRA of 150 gsi2 distinguished nevi from melanomas with a sensitivity of 0.89 and specificity of 0.93. Fifteen of 19 patients with indeterminate nevomelanocytic lesions underwent clinical assessment and initial imaging with clinical follow-up at a median of 10 months. All 3 patients with an IRA less than 150 gsi2 showed no evidence of clinical progression and 6 of 12 lesions with an IRA more than 150 gsi2 showed clinical progression to melanoma. An IRA of 150 gsi2 identifies indeterminate lesions that progressed to melanoma with a sensitivity of 1.00 and specificity of 0.33. Quantification of digital autofluorescence images can differentiate between clinically benign and malignant choroidal nevomelanocytic lesions and may be predictive for clinical progression of indeterminate lesions.

  5. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor: A Rarely Seen Submucosal Lesion of the Stomach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniz Arslan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT is a rare mesenchymal benign tumor which is generally seen in children and in young adults. It is especially located in the lungs. In histopathological examination, neoplastic fusiform cells originating from a subtype of accessory immune system cells which are called fibroblastic reticulum cells are seen (Kouichi and Youichirou, 2008. Although IMT is histopathologically benign, imaging methods show its tendency for local recurrence and invasion. In most of the cases, it may not be possible to make a distinction whether it is malign or benign. Complete surgical resection is the most important treatment method. In this study, we have discussed the findings of our case having a gastric submucosal located IMT in light of the current literatures.

  6. Sweat gland tumor (Eccrine Porocarcinoma of scalp: A rare tumor

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    Rana Roshani

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Eccrine Porocarcinoma is a rare neoplasm arising from sweat glands. It was first described by Pinkus and Mehregan as ′Epidermotropic eccrine carcinoma′. It may occur de novo or as a malignant transformation of an eccrine poroma. It is commonly found in older age group and in the lower extremities. Clinically, it may present as a verrucous plaque, polypoid growth or an ulcerative lesion of long duration. Local recurrence and metastasis to skin, lymphnodes, viscera, and bone may occur. Treatment is wide local excision. Metastatic lesions can be treated with chemotherapy. We report a case of eccrine porocarcinoma of the scalp in a 50 years old female who presented to us with a bosselated, firm, painless, non-tender, freely mobile swelling over left fronto-parietal region of 12 years duration. It was excised and histopathological diagnosis was Eccrine Porocarcinoma. In literature, scalp porocarcinoma is a very rare tumor.

  7. A rare benign intrathoracic mass in a patient with history of rocket explosion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jagpal Singh Klair

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Thoracic splenosis is rare benign condition that follows trauma leading to diaphragmatic injury. Most of the patients including ours present with a clear traumatic event leading to autotransplantation of spleen in thoracic cavity. Mostly diagnosed incidentally and we need to avoid unnecessary workup including radiological and invasive. It is a very important case which signifies importance of good history taking and initial imaging for making diagnosis and making our pulmonogist and internist aware of this diagnosis.

  8. A rare benign intrathoracic mass in a patient with history of rocket explosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klair, Jagpal Singh; Duvoor, Chitharanjan; Meena, Nikhil

    2015-01-01

    Thoracic splenosis is rare benign condition that follows trauma leading to diaphragmatic injury. Most of the patients including ours present with a clear traumatic event leading to autotransplantation of spleen in thoracic cavity. Mostly diagnosed incidentally and we need to avoid unnecessary workup including radiological and invasive. It is a very important case which signifies importance of good history taking and initial imaging for making diagnosis and making our pulmonogist and internist aware of this diagnosis.

  9. Polypoid melanoma: a rare clinical subtype frequently confused with benign entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Valdebran

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Polypoid melanoma represents a distinct variant of melanoma characterized by an ulcerated exophytic nodule. Although this melanocytic tumor is usually restricted to the papillary dermis, it presents with a thick Breslow level and aggressive course. Its rapidly growing vertical phase and its amelanotic nature frequently simulate benign or non-aggressive entities; leading to a delay in biopsy and resulting in an increased risk of metastasis at the time of the diagnosis.

  10. Circulating Microparticles in Patients with Benign and Malignant Ovarian Tumors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rank, A.; Liebhardt, S.; Zwirner, J.; Burges, A.; Nieuwland, R.; Toth, B.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Microparticles are known to be increased in various malignancies. In this prospective study, microparticle levels were evaluated in patients with benign and malignant ovarian lesions. Patients and Methods: Microparticles from platelets/megakaryocytes, activated platelets and endothelial

  11. Fibroma of the tendon sheath - a rare hand tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heckert, Reed; Bear, Jonathan; Summers, Thomas; Frew, Michael; Gwinn, David; McKay, Patricia

    2012-12-01

    Fibroma of the tendon sheath (FTS) is a rare, benign, soft tissue lesion. Clinically, FTS presents similarly to the more common giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath. It is distinguished histologically by the lack of giant cells, foamy histiocytes and synovial cells. We presented a case of FTS involving the common tendon sheath surrounding the flexor tendons leading to the third metacarpal. A 63-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of a painless mass in his right palm that had recently tripled in size. Examination demonstrated a 5x4 cm firm, nodular, superficial mass that was adherent to the overlying skin. Radiographs of the hand revealed a soft tissue mass without bony abnormality. Ultrasound demonstrated a solid, heterogeneous and hypoechoic mass and computed tomography demonstrated that the mass centered predominantly at the mid and distal portions of the third metacarpal. The patient underwent excisional biopsy of the lesion and a palmar, longitudinal incision was made from the wrist to the third metacarpal. Submitted histologic sections revealed a well-circumscribed lesion closely resembling hyalinized collagen. Neither vascular proliferations, necrosis, nor mitoses were observed. Similarly, multinucleated giant cells, pigment-laden macrophages, and inflammatory cells were also not identified. A diagnosis of FTS was rendered. We provided an additional rare case to the literature of a FTS and highlight the need to consider this entity in the differential diagnosis for any soft tissue lesion in the hand. Three months post surgery the patient demonstrated full range of motion of the hand.

  12. Gene methylation profiles of normal mucosa, and benign and malignant colorectal tumors identify early onset markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vatn Morten

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Multiple epigenetic and genetic changes have been reported in colorectal tumors, but few of these have clinical impact. This study aims to pinpoint epigenetic markers that can discriminate between non-malignant and malignant tissue from the large bowel, i.e. markers with diagnostic potential. The methylation status of eleven genes (ADAMTS1, CDKN2A, CRABP1, HOXA9, MAL, MGMT, MLH1, NR3C1, PTEN, RUNX3, and SCGB3A1 was determined in 154 tissue samples including normal mucosa, adenomas, and carcinomas of the colorectum. The gene-specific and widespread methylation status among the carcinomas was related to patient gender and age, and microsatellite instability status. Possible CIMP tumors were identified by comparing the methylation profile with microsatellite instability (MSI, BRAF-, KRAS-, and TP53 mutation status. Results The mean number of methylated genes per sample was 0.4 in normal colon mucosa from tumor-free individuals, 1.2 in mucosa from cancerous bowels, 2.2 in adenomas, and 3.9 in carcinomas. Widespread methylation was found in both adenomas and carcinomas. The promoters of ADAMTS1, MAL, and MGMT were frequently methylated in benign samples as well as in malignant tumors, independent of microsatellite instability. In contrast, normal mucosa samples taken from bowels without tumor were rarely methylated for the same genes. Hypermethylated CRABP1, MLH1, NR3C1, RUNX3, and SCGB3A1 were shown to be identifiers of carcinomas with microsatellite instability. In agreement with the CIMP concept, MSI and mutated BRAF were associated with samples harboring hypermethylation of several target genes. Conclusion Methylated ADAMTS1, MGMT, and MAL are suitable as markers for early tumor detection.

  13. Benign and malignant neurogenic tumors of nerve sheath origin on FDG PET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, M. J.; Go, D. H.; Yoo, Y. H.; Shin, K. H.; Lee, J. D [College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    The differentiation between benign and malignant nerve sheath tumors is difficult based on conventional radiological imaging. This study was undertaken to investigate the value of FDG PET in distinguishing benign from malignant neurogenic tumors of nerve sheath origin. We performed a retrospective review of the medical record to select patients with nerve sheath tumors who had underdone FDG PET imaging. Fifteen patients (7F: 8M) with benign or malignant nerve sheath tumors were included in this study. Of the 15 patients, 9 were diagnosed with the known neurofibromatosis type I. A total of 19 nerve sheath tumors were included from the 15 patients. All patients had undergone FDG PET to evaluate for malignant potential of the known lesions. Images of FDG PET were semi-quantitatively analyzed and a region of interest (ROI) was placed over the area of the maximum FDG uptake and an average standardized uptake value was taken for final analysis. There were 5 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, 5 schwannomas, and 9 neurofibromas. The mean SUV was 2 (ranged from 1.6 to 3.3) for schwannomas, 1.3 (0.7 to 2.5) for neurofibromas, and 8.4 (4.6 to 12.2) for malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Of 14 benign tumors, all except one schwannoma showed a SUV less than 3. When a cutoff SUV of 4 was used to differentiate the nerve sheath tumors, all tumors were correctly classified as benign or malignant, respectively. Among the 9 patients diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type I. 4 had malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors and FDG PET accurately detected all the 4 lesions with malignant transformation. According to our results, FDG PET seems to have a great potential for accurately characterizing benign versus malignant nerve sheath tumors. It appears to be extremely useful for patients with neurofibromatosis to localize the lesion with malignant transformation.

  14. Epidemiology of Goiter and Benign Tumors of the Thyroid Gland in Albania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruka, Ibrahim; Gjata, Arben; Roshi, Enver

    2014-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the demographic characteristics and disease patterns among patients with thyroid nodular abnormalities (goiter) and benign tumors of the thyroid gland in Albania, a transitional country in South Eastern Europe. Methods: Our study included all patients diagnosed with goiter and/or benign tumors of the thyroid gland who were hospitalized at the University Hospital Center (UHC) “Mother Teresa” in Tirana between 2004 and 2012 (N=2258). All patients underwent the same examination and interviewing procedures. Demographic characteristics included gender, age, and place of residence. Binary logistic regression was used to compare the demographic characteristics between patients with benign tumors of the thyroid gland and those with goiter. Results: Overall, there were 2204 patients with goiter and 54 patients with benign tumors of the thyroid gland hospitalized at UHC over the period 2004-2012. There was no evidence of statistically significant differences in demographic characteristics (age, gender, or place of residence) between patients with benign tumors of the thyroid gland and those with goiter. Conclusions: Our study provides useful evidence on the epidemiology of benign tumors of the thyroid gland and the thyroid nodular abnormalities (goiter) in the Albanian population. Future studies in Albania should assess the main determinants of thyroid gland disorders and compare them with findings pertinent to other similar populations. PMID:25395890

  15. Benign Hepatocellular Tumors in Children: Focal Nodular Hyperplasia and Hepatocellular Adenoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Franchi-Abella

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign liver tumors are very rare in children. Most focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH remain sporadic, but predisposing factors exist, as follows: long-term cancer survivor (with an increasing incidence, portal deprivation in congenital or surgical portosystemic shunt. The aspect is atypical on imaging in two-thirds of cases. Biopsy of the tumor and the nontumoral liver is then required. Surgical resection will be discussed in the case of large tumors with or without symptoms. In the case of associated vascular disorder with portal deprivation, restoration of the portal flow will be discussed in the hope of seeing the involution of FNH. HepatoCellular Adenoma (HCA is frequently associated with predisposing factors such as GSD type I and III, Fanconi anemia especially if androgen therapy is administered, CPSS, and SPSS. Adenomatosis has been reported in germline mutation of HNF1-α. Management will depend on the presence of a predisposing factor and may include metabolic control, androgen therapy withdrawn, or closure of the shunt when appropriate. Surgery is usually performed on large lesions. In the case of adenomatosis or multiple lesions, surgery will be adapted. Close followup is required in all cases.

  16. Differentiating benign from malignant bone tumors using fluid-fluid level features on magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Hong; Cui, Jian Ling; Cui, Sheng Jie; Sun, Ying Cal; Cui, Feng Zhen [Dept. of Radiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei Province Biomechanical Key Laborary of Orthopedics, Shijiazhuang, Hebei (China)

    2014-12-15

    To analyze different fluid-fluid level features between benign and malignant bone tumors on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study was approved by the hospital ethics committee. We retrospectively analyzed 47 patients diagnosed with benign (n = 29) or malignant (n = 18) bone tumors demonstrated by biopsy/surgical resection and who showed the intratumoral fluid-fluid level on pre-surgical MRI. The maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level and the ratio of the maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level to the maximum length of a bone tumor in the sagittal plane were investigated for use in distinguishing benign from malignant tumors using the Mann-Whitney U-test and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Fluid-fluid level was categorized by quantity (multiple vs. single fluid-fluid level) and by T1-weighted image signal pattern (high/low, low/high, and undifferentiated), and the findings were compared between the benign and malignant groups using the chi2 test. The ratio of the maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level to the maximum length of bone tumors in the sagittal plane that allowed statistically significant differentiation between benign and malignant bone tumors had an area under the ROC curve of 0.758 (95% confidence interval, 0.616-0.899). A cutoff value of 41.5% (higher value suggests a benign tumor) had sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 83%. The ratio of the maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level to the maximum length of a bone tumor in the sagittal plane may be useful to differentiate benign from malignant bone tumors.

  17. Pulmonary adenofibroma: clinicopathological study of 3 cases of a rare benign lung lesion and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Rajiv; Desai, Saral; Pai, Trupti; Pramesh, C S; Jambhekar, Nirmala Ajit

    2014-08-01

    Pulmonary adenofibroma is a rare benign biphasic tumor of the lung composed of epithelial and stromal components. We report 3 cases of this unusual lesion of lung in a male (25 years old) and 2 female (40 and 55 years old) patients. Breathlessness on exertion and mild left-sided chest pain of 1 month's duration were the main concerns in 2 patients, whereas the third had cough and hemoptysis for 3 months. Chest radiograph and computed tomography scan revealed a well-circumscribed, subpleural homogenous mass in left lower chest fields in 2 cases and solid-cystic lesion in left upper lobe in the third patient. All 3 patients underwent lobectomy, following biopsy in 2 cases. Histology revealed a well-circumscribed lesion composed of complex glandlike spaces lined by cuboidal to columnar epithelium surrounded by a hyalinized spindle-cell fibroblastic proliferation reminiscent of adenofibroma of the female genital tract or fibroadenoma of the breast. Immunohistochemical examination supported the diagnosis of a benign pulmonary adenofibroma. All 3 patients were are alive and doing well with no evidence of recurrent or metastatic disease. Diagnosis on biopsy can be challenging and may be misinterpreted as well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with extensive fibrosis or low-grade sarcoma. Frozen-section consultation will be a valuable adjunct in planning for limited lung resection of this benign lung lesion. Although we described 3 cases of pulmonary adenofibroma, still this is the largest published series of this rare entity till date. The possible histogenesis and various differential diagnoses are discussed along with literature review. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Benign tumors of the oral mucosa: a study of 300 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Domingo, Santiago; Bagan, Jose V; Jiménez, Yolanda; Poveda, Rafael; Murillo, Judith; Díaz, Jose M; Sanchis, Jose M; Gavaldá, Carmen; Carbonell, Enrique

    2008-03-01

    To analyze the frequency and type of the most common benign tumors of the oral mucosa found at the Hospital Stomatology Service, and to study the clinical characteristics and possible etiological factors. This is a retrospective study of 300 patients with histologically diagnosed benign tumors of the oral mucosa. Data was compiled for each case, documenting information relating to age, gender, medication, habits (smoking, oral hygiene), anamnesis (reason for consultation, symptomatology, evolution), and the characteristics of the lesion (site, color, size, surface, consistency, and base). Of all the tumors studied, 53% were histologically diagnosed as fibroma. In the study of prevalence of benign tumors of the oral mucosa, no differences were found for age; however there were differences according to gender, finding a greater prevalence of fibromas, pyogenic granulomas, and giant cell granulomas in women, at a ratio of 2:1. The group of tumors studied showed a significantly asymptomatic behaviour, and self-limiting and slow growth. With respect to the possible etiologic agents, we found no statistically significant differences between them. Following the study of 300 patients histologically diagnosed with benign tumor of the oral mucosa, we can state that with regard to prevalence, we found significant differences with respect to gender, being more frequent in women. The fibroma is the most frequent benign tumor of the oral cavity.

  19. Giant Cell Tumor of the Thoracic Spine Presenting as a Posterior Mediastinal Tumor with Benign Pulmonary Metastases: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Tae Hun [Daegu Fatima Hospital College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Rho, Byung Hak; Bahn, Young Eun; Choi, Won Il [Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-11-15

    Giant cell tumor of bone is a benign, but potentially aggressive lesion that can show local recurrence and metastases. We report here on a case of a 29-year-old man who presented with an incidentally found mediastinal mass. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed a huge mediastinal mass with bilateral pulmonary nodules and the diagnosis of giant cell tumor with benign pulmonary metastasis was confirmed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of primary thoracic spinal giant cell tumor manifesting as a huge mediastinal mass with pulmonary metastases

  20. Mutant epidermal growth factor receptor in benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffensen, Karina Dahl; Waldstrøm, Marianne; Olsen, Dorte Aalund

    2008-01-01

    99 ovarian/peritoneal/tuba cancers, 17 ovarian borderline tumors, 66 benign ovarian tumors, 15 other cancer types, 24 normal ovarian biopsies, and 4 miscellaneous. The presence of EGFRvIII was investigated both by PCR analyses for EGFRvIII gene expression and with protein analysis by Western blots...

  1. Comparison of symptoms and presentation of women with benign, low malignant potential and invasive ovarian tumors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olsen, C. M.; Cnossen, J.; Green, A. C.; Webb, P. M.

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: To describe symptoms, delay in presentation and reasons for non-presentation among women diagnosed with benign, low malignant potential and malignant ovarian tumors. Methods: Study participants included 457 women who underwent surgery for an ovarian tumor in Queensland, Australia,

  2. A rare benign renal tumour presenting as polycythaemia in a teenage girl.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Geoghegan, S

    2010-04-01

    We present the case of a 15-year-old girl who presented with polycythemia. CT abdomen revealed an enhancing mass in the upper pole of her left kidney with features suggestive of renal cell carcinoma. She underwent a laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. Histology demonstrated a well circumscribed, focally encapsulated, round blue cell tumour showing areas of microcalcifications and numerous psammoma bodies. Imunostaining showed diffuse positive staining for CD 57. This was consistent with a diagnosis of metanephric adenoma a rare benign epithelial renal tumour.

  3. Imaging Review of Skeletal Tumors of the Pelvis—Part I: Benign Tumors of the Pelvis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gandikota Girish

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The osseous pelvis is a well-recognized site of origin of numerous primary and secondary musculoskeletal tumors. The radiologic evaluation of a pelvic lesion often begins with the plain film and proceeds to computed tomography (CT, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and possibly biopsy. Each of these modalities, with inherent advantages and disadvantages, has a role in the workup of pelvic osseous masses. Clinical history and imaging characteristics can significantly narrow the broad differential diagnosis for osseous pelvic lesions. The purpose of this review is to familiarize the radiologist with the presentation and appearance of some of the common benign neoplasms of the osseous pelvis and share our experience and approach in diagnosing these lesions.

  4. Problems in rare tumor study: a call for papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert C. Miller

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Rare tumor research presents many challenges. Large, randomized clinical trials are often impractical in this field and access to biospecimens may be problematic. These difficulties can best be addressed through multi-disciplinary, national and international collaborative efforts between researchers, clinicians, governmental bodies, and patients. Numerous governmental and private organizations now exist to facilitate cooperation between researchers and institutions. Patient advocacy organizations now play an increasingly important role is partnering with traditional research groups in promoting rare tumor research. Rare Tumors is now beginning an editorial series focusing on the problems of rare tumor research. We wish to invite all researchers and clinicians who are involved in rare tumor research and treatment to contribute their observations on the problems of working in this field, either as a letter to the editor, an editorial on a select issue, or as a review paper.

  5. Malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast metastasizing to the vulva: {sup 18}F FDG PET CT Demonstrating rare metastasis from a rare tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khangembam, Bang Kim Chand Ra; Sharma, Punit; Singla, Su Has; Singhal, Abinav; Dhull, Varun Singh; Bal, Chand Rasek Har; Kumar, Rakesh [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (India)

    2012-09-15

    Phyllodes tumors are extremely rare fibroepithelial neoplasms accounting for 0.3 to 0.5% of all female breast tumors with an incidence of 2.1 per 1 million women. They are classified histologically into benign, borderline and malignant varieties. The majority of them are benign, with only 25% being malignant. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. One characteristic is that although the malignant variety tends to metastasize and recur, the benign form has also been found to behave in a similar manner. Benign phyllodes tumor has a 21% risk of local recurrence, while that of the malignant variety ranges from 20 to 32%. In patients with malignant phyllodes tumor, the rate of distant metastases ranges from 25 to 40%. The most frequent sites of distant metastasis is uncommon as this tumor spreads by hematogeneous route. Other sites for distant metastasis have been reported sporadically, including the duodenum, pancreas, brain, nasal cavity, forearm, parotid, skin, oral cavity, skeletal muscle, mandible and maxilla. We present a rare case of recurrent malignant phyllodes tumor with metastasis to the vulva, which has not been reported in the literature to the best of our knowledge. A 49 year old female who had undergone lumpectomy and locoregional radiotherapy 1 year previously for malignant phyllodes tumor of the right breast presented with difficulty in breathing and cervical lymphadenopathy. Chest X ray showed multiple pulmonary nodules suggestive of metastasis. She was referred for restaging with 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET CT)FDG PET CT. Maximum intensity projection (MIP)PET images revealed multiple FDG avid enlarged cervical lymph nodes, bilateral pulmonary nodules along with left pleural effusion and extensive bone marrow metastases. The interesting finding was an intensely FDG avid (SUV{sup max}-21.4)subcutaneous soft tissue density lesion (measuring 2.0x2.2x2.0cm)in the vulva, which was later proved to be

  6. Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Küster Jens

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour (MEST represents a recently described benign composite neoplasm of the kidney, which predominantly affects perimenopausal females. Most tumours are benign, although rare malignant cases have been observed. Case report A 47-year-old postmenopausal female presented to the urologist with flank pain. A CT scan of the abdomen showed a 30-mm-in-diameter uniform mass adjacent to the pelvis of the left kidney. Surgical exploration showed a tumour arising from the lower anterior hilus of the left kidney. The tumour could be excised by preserving the kidney. By intraoperative frozen section the tumour showed characteristic features of MEST with epithelial-covered cysts embedded in an "ovarian-like" stroma. Additional immunohistochemistry investigations showed expression for hormone receptors by the stromal component of the tumour. Discussion MEST typically presents in perimenopausal women as a primarily cystic mass. Commonly, the tumour arises from the renal parenchyma or pelvis. The tumour is composed of an admixture of cystic and sometimes more solid areas. The stromal cells typically demonstrate an ovarian-type stroma showing expression for the estrogen and progesterone receptors. Conclusion MEST represents a distinctive benign tumour entity of the kidney, which affects perimenopausal woman. The tumour should be distinguished from other cystic renal neoplasms. By imaging studies it is difficult to distinguish between a benign or malignant nature of the tumour. Thus, intraoperative frozen section is necessary for conservative surgery, since the overall prognosis is favourable and renal function can be preserved in most cases.

  7. Cystic nephroma/mixed epithelial stromal tumor: a benign neoplasm with potential for recurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Belinda L; Abern, Michael; Garzon, Steven; Setty, Suman

    2015-05-01

    Cystic nephroma (CN) is a rare, benign, renal neoplasm composed of epithelial and stromal elements. Only about 200 cases have been reported since 1892 and recurrence has rarely been observed. We report a 32-year-old Hispanic woman, with a history of a right, complex cystic, renal mass treated by robotic decortication 2 years ago, who presented with flank pain, hematuria, and recurrent urinary tract infection. A magnetic resonance imaging study showed a 3.4-cm multicystic lesion with thickened septa and enhancement at the right kidney. The partial nephrectomy specimen revealed a well-circumscribed, multicystic tumor abutting the renal pelvis, with thick septa and smooth walls, filled with clear fluid. Microscopic examination showed variably sized cysts lined by cuboidal epithelium with focal hobnailing, without significant cytologic atypia and mitosis. The epithelial lining was positive for CK19, high molecular weight cytokeratin, and α-methylacyl-CoA racemase suggesting a primitive tubular epithelial phenotype. Primitive glomeruli-like structures were also present. The ovarian-like stroma was condensed around the cysts and was variably cellular with areas of muscle differentiation and thick-walled vessels. The stroma was positive for desmin, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and CD10. We suggest that CN represents a variable mixture of epithelial and stromal elements, immature glomerular, tubular, muscle, and vascular elements, which may be present in variable proportions creating a spectrum of lesions previously described as CN and mixed epithelial and stromal tumors (MEST). This case emphasizes that CN/MEST clinically/radiologically mimics other cystic renal neoplasms, especially cystic renal cell carcinoma and tubulocystic carcinoma, necessitating histopathological examination and immunohistochemial studies for definitive diagnosis. Additionally, CN has the tendency to recur when not completely excised initially. © The Author(s) 2014.

  8. Rare case of gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the anal canal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhu Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract. GIST of anal canal is very rare representing only 3% of all anorectal mesenchymal tumors. We report an extremely rare case of GIST of the anal canal in 60-years-old man with history of irregular bowel habits with dark colored stool mixed with blood and constipation from 6 month. Diagnosis was made on the basis of histomorphological and immunohistochemical examination.

  9. Salivary flow rates among women diagnosed with benign and malignant tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napeñas, Joel J; Miles, Leslie; Guajardo-Streckfus, Cynthia; Streckfus, Charles F

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare salivary flow rates (SWS) among patients diagnosed with benign and varying malignant solid tumors with the comparison group, prior to the initiation of any treatment. An evaluation of the results found that mean baseline SWS flow rates were higher for healthy patients (1.55 ml/min) when compared to patients diagnosed with benign tumors (1.13 ml/min), breast cancer (1.09 ml/min), and reproductive carcinomas (0.94 ml/min). The overall model (F = 7.76; p flow rates. The results suggest that salivary secretion is lower among both benign and malignant tumor subjects prior to the initiation of treatment. Salivary evaluations of subjects prior to treatment may be useful in identifying individuals at risk for oral complications during chemotherapy. ©2013 Special Care Dentistry Association and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Family history of cancer in benign brain tumor subtypes versus gliomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quinn eOstrom

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Family history is associated with gliomas, but this association has not ben established for benign brain tumors. Using information from newly diagnosed primary brain tumor patients, we describe patterns of family cancer histories in patients with benign brain tumors and compare those to patients with gliomas. Methods: Newly diagnosed primary brain tumor patients were identified as part of the Ohio Brain Tumor Study (OBTS. Each patient was asked to participate in a telephone interview about personal medical history, family history of cancer, and other exposures. Information was available from 33 acoustic neuroma (65%, 78 meningioma (65%, 49 pituitary adenoma (73.1% and 152 glioma patients (58.2%. The association between family history of cancer and each subtype was compared with gliomas using unconditional logistic regression models generating odds ratios (ORs and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI. Results: There was no significant difference in family history of cancer between patients with glioma and benign subtypes. Conclusions: The results suggest that benign brain tumor may have an association with family history of cancer. More studies are warranted to disentangle the potential genetic and/or environmental causes for these diseases.

  11. Soft tissue masses with myxoid stroma: Can conventional magnetic resonance imaging differentiate benign from malignant tumors?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crombe, A., E-mail: amandine.crombe@ens-lyon.fr [Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, 229 cours de l’Argonne, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex (France); Alberti, N. [Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, 229 cours de l’Argonne, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex (France); Stoeckle, E. [Department of Surgery, Institut Bergonié, 229 cours de l’Argonne, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex (France); Brouste, V. [Clinical and Epidemiological Research Unit, Institut Bergonié, 33000 Bordeaux (France); Buy, X. [Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, 229 cours de l’Argonne, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex (France); Coindre, J-M. [Department of Pathology, Institut Bergonié, 229 cours de l’Argonne, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex (France); Kind, M. [Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, 229 cours de l’Argonne, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex (France)

    2016-10-15

    Objectives: To retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of morphological signs observed on conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to differentiate benign from malignant peripheral solid tumors of soft tissue with myxoid stroma. Methods: MR images from 95 consecutive histopathologically proven tumors (26 benign and 69 malignant) of soft tissues with myxoid components were evaluated in our tertiary referral center. Two radiologists, blind to pathology results, independently reviewed conventional MR sequences including at least a) one T2-weighted sequence with or without fat suppression; b) one T1-weighted sequence without fat suppression; and c) one T1-weighted sequence with gadolinium-complex contrast enhancement and fat suppression. Multiple criteria were defined to analyze morphology, margins, architecture and tumor periphery and evaluated for each lesion. Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility and Odds ratios were calculated for each criterion. Results: The most relevant and reproducible criteria to significantly predict malignancy were: (1) ill-defined tumor margins, (2) a hemorrhagic component, (3) intra-tumoral fat, (4) fibrosis and (5) the “tail sign”. A lesion is classified as malignant if any of these 5 criteria is present, and benign if none of them are observed. Therefore, this combination provides a sensitivity of 92.9% and a specificity of 93.3%. Conclusion: Conventional MR imaging provides reproducible criteria that can be combined to differentiate between benign and malignant solid tumors of soft tissue with myxoid stroma.

  12. Family History of Cancer in Benign Brain Tumor Subtypes Versus Gliomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrom, Quinn T.; McCulloh, Christopher; Chen, Yanwen; Devine, Karen; Wolinsky, Yingli; Davitkov, Perica; Robbins, Sarah; Cherukuri, Rajesh; Patel, Ashokkumar; Gupta, Rajnish; Cohen, Mark; Barrios, Jaime Vengoechea; Brewer, Cathy; Schilero, Cathy; Smolenski, Kathy; McGraw, Mary; Denk, Barbara; Naska, Theresa; Laube, Frances; Steele, Ruth; Greene, Dale; Kastl, Alison; Bell, Susan; Aziz, Dina; Chiocca, E. A.; McPherson, Christopher; Warnick, Ronald; Barnett, Gene H.; Sloan, Andrew E.; Barnholtz-Sloan, Jill S.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Family history is associated with gliomas, but this association has not been established for benign brain tumors. Using information from newly diagnosed primary brain tumor patients, we describe patterns of family cancer histories in patients with benign brain tumors and compare those to patients with gliomas. Methods: Newly diagnosed primary brain tumor patients were identified as part of the Ohio Brain Tumor Study. Each patient was asked to participate in a telephone interview about personal medical history, family history of cancer, and other exposures. Information was available from 33 acoustic neuroma (65%), 78 meningioma (65%), 49 pituitary adenoma (73.1%), and 152 glioma patients (58.2%). The association between family history of cancer and each subtype was compared with gliomas using unconditional logistic regression models generating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals. Results: There was no significant difference in family history of cancer between patients with glioma and benign subtypes. Conclusion: The results suggest that benign brain tumor may have an association with family history of cancer. More studies are warranted to disentangle the potential genetic and/or environmental causes for these diseases. PMID:22649779

  13. A rare neuronal tumor of the cerebellum with myoid features ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report an extremely rare tumor presenting with myoid features in the left cerebellar hemisphere in a 62-year-old man. This tumor consisted of medium to large round cells with focal lipomatous and myoid differentiation. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed synaptophysin, GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein) ...

  14. A rare neuronal tumor of the cerebellum with myloid features ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report an extremely rare tumor presenting with myoid features in the left cerebellar hemisphere in a 62- year-old man. This tumor consisted of medium to large round cells with focal lipomatous and myoid differentiation. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed synaptophysin, GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein) ...

  15. Thin section helical CT findings of klastskin tumor and benign stricture: cholangiographic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Guk Myeong; Han, Joon Koo; Kim, Tae Kyoung; Choi, Byung Ihn; Kim, Sun Whe; Cho, Yun Ku; Han, Man Chung; Yeon, Kyung Mo [Seoul National Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-10-01

    The purpose of this study was (1) to describe the thin section helical CT findings of hilar cholangiocarcinoma and of benign strcture, and to discuss the differential points between the two disease entities and (2) using cholangiographic correlation, to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of helical CT in determining the extent of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Twenty-seven patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma and eight with benign biliary dilatation were studied. All except four with hilar cholangiocarcinoma, who underwentCT using a conventional scanner, were studied with two-phase helical CT. In all patients, cholangiographs were obtained by digital fluoroscopy after the injection of contrast materials into PTBD catheters. The level of obstruction was classified according to Bismuth, and 35 CT scans were studied blindly and retrospectively by two radiologists. The findings were analyzed for the presence of tumor, and then divided into two groups(cholangiocarcinomas and benign strictures), and the positive predictive value was calculated. The CT images of klatskin tumor were analyzed with special emphasis on the level and shape of the hilar obstruction. The level of biliary obstruction and extent of the tumor were carefully correlated with the results of cholangiography. Thin-section spiral CT correctly identified all tumor mass as a focal wall thickening obliterating the lumen. On arterial/portal phase CT scanning, 81% of infilterative tumors showed high attenuation. In all patients, differentiation between benign stricture and klaskin tumor was possible;correct identification of the level of obstruction and extent of tumor, according to Bismuth's classification, was possible in 63% of cases. For correct diagnosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma and differentiation of benign stricture, helical CT was highly accurate and effective. Because of limital Z-axis resolution, however, the exact intraductal extent of the tumor was less accorately diagnosed.=20.

  16. Bioimpedance spectroscopy can precisely discriminate human breast carcinoma from benign tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Zhenggui; Wan, Hangyu; Chen, Yu; Pu, Yang; Wang, Xiaodong

    2017-01-01

    Intraoperative frozen pathology is critical when a breast tumor is not diagnosed before surgery. However, frozen tumor tissues always present various microscopic morphologies, leading to a high misdiagnose rate from frozen section examination. Thus, we aimed to identify breast tumors using bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS), a technology that measures the tissues' impedance. We collected and measured 976 specimens from breast patients during surgery, including 581 breast cancers, 190 benign tumors, and 205 normal mammary gland tissues. After measurement, Cole-Cole curves were generated by a bioimpedance analyzer and parameters R0/R∞, fc, and α were calculated from the curve. The Cole-Cole curves showed a trend to differentiate mammary gland, benign tumors, and cancer. However, there were some curves overlapped with other groups, showing that it is not an ideal model. Subsequent univariate analysis of R0/R∞, fc, and α showed significant differences between benign tumor and cancer. However, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated the diagnostic value of fc and R0/R∞ were not superior to frozen sections (area under curve [AUC] = 0.836 and 0.849, respectively), and α was useless in diagnosis (AUC = 0.596). After further research, we found a scatter diagram that showed a synergistic effect of the R0/R∞ and fc, in discriminating cancer from benign tumors. Thus, we used multivariate analysis, which revealed that these two parameters were independent predictors, to combine them. A simplified equation, RF = 0.2fc + 3.6R0/R∞, based on multivariate analysis was developed. The ROC curve for RF' showed an AUC = 0.939, and the sensitivity and specificity were 82.62% and 95.79%, respectively. To match a clinical setting, the diagnostic criteria were set at 6.91 and 12.9 for negative and positive diagnosis, respectively. In conclusion, RF' derived from BIS can discriminate benign tumor and cancers, and integrated criteria were developed for

  17. Autoantibody profiling of benign and malignant thyroid tumors and design of a prototype diagnostic array

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K V Lanshchakov

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently the “gold standard” in diagnostics of thyroid tumors is a fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC. However, FNAC cannot discriminate between benign and malignant thyroid tumors in 15 to 30% of observations. In order to develop an additional tool for differential diagnostics of thyroid tumors we evaluated the diagnostic performance of 3-antigen serum autoantibody signature in groups of benign ( n = 22 and malignant ( n = 26 thyroid tumors using a dot-blot ELISA-based analysis The sensitivity and specificity of resultant array were estimated to be 55–60% and 95–100%, respectively ( p < 0.001 according to one-sided Fisher Exact Test. Thus, we created a prototype antigen array for differential diagnostics of thyroid tumors which can be regarded as a platform for design of more complicated panel, highly sensitive in thyroid cancer detection, which can significantly improve the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer.

  18. Benign tumors of the breast in Kano, Northern Nigeria: A 10-year experience and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Ibrahim Imam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Benign breast tumors are common worldwide and various reports suggest an increasing incidence in Nigeria which necessitates an urgent need to differentiate it from malignant tumors. The study was carried out to classify and determine the pattern, frequency, age, and sex distribution of benign breast tumors seen in a tertiary hospital. Materials and Methods: This was a 10-year retrospective study of all benign breast tumors diagnosed at the Pathology Department of a teaching hospital from January 1 2001 to December 31 2010. Results: A total of 1566 breast tumors were diagnosed during the study period, 1035 cases of benign breast tumors constituting 66.3% of all breast tumors were seen. The female to male ratio was 72.9:1. The overall mean age for benign breast tumor was 29 years with a peak age occurrence in the third decade. Fibroadenoma (FA was the most common benign breast tumor followed by fibrocystic change and they accounted for 47.1% and 25.4% of benign breast tumors with mean age of 24.7 years and 33.4 years, respectively. FA has a peak occurrence in the third decade while fibrocystic change has a peak occurrence in the fourth decade. Other major tumors encountered were tubular adenoma (6.0%, lactating adenoma (5.6%, benign phyllodes (4.8%, sclerosing adenoma (3.3%, and blunt duct adenoma (2.5%. Gynecomastia (1.4% was the only benign breast tumor seen in males.Conclusions: Benign breast tumors are quite common, presenting mostly as FA and fibrocystic change. The tumors are seen in both sexes with a striking female preponderance and occurred predominantly in young females with a peak in the third decade. The findings are generally similar to the most previous studies from Nigeria, Africa, and the Western world with minimal variations.

  19. Keratocystic odontogenic tumor involving the maxillary antrum with displacement of the third molar: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwini Kumar Mengji

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT is a benign intraosseous neoplasm of the jaw with a high rate of recurrence. The lesion commonly occurs in the mandibular molar-ramus area and is rarely seen in the maxilla. Its occurrence in the maxillary sinus along with a displaced third molar is very rare. This article reports a case of KCOT in a 15-year-old boy with a displaced third molar involving the right maxillary antrum.

  20. Aqueous immune mediators in malignant uveal melanomas in comparison to benign pigmented intraocular tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usui, Yoshihiko; Tsubota, Kinya; Agawa, Tsuyoshi; Ueda, Shunichiro; Umazume, Kazuhiko; Okunuki, Yoko; Kezuka, Takeshi; Yamakawa, Naoyuki; Goto, Hiroshi

    2017-02-01

    To examine the usefulness of measuring immune mediators in aqueous humor samples for differentiating malignant uveal melanoma from benign pigmented intraocular tumors. Thirteen eyes of 13 patients with uveal melanoma were studied, and 13 eyes of 13 patients with benign pigmented intraocular tumors served as controls. Undiluted samples of aqueous humor were collected, and a cytometric bead array was used to determine the aqueous humor concentrations of 35 immune mediators comprising 14 interleukins (IL), interferon-γ, interferon-γ-inducible protein-10, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, MIP-1β, regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted, monokine induced by interferon-γ, basic fibroblast growth factor, Fas ligand, granzyme A, granzyme B, eotaxin, interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant, fractalkine, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, angiogenin, tumor necrosis factor-α, lymphotoxin-α, and CD40L. Aqueous humor levels of angiogenin, IL-8, and MCP-1 were significantly higher in eyes with malignant melanoma than in those with benign tumors (p melanoma from benign pigmented intraocular tumors, and may be a useful adjunct to histomorphology, diagnostic imaging, and other biomarkers for the diagnosis and appropriate clinical management of malignant uveal melanoma.

  1. PHLEOMORPHIC ADENOMA (BENIGN MIXED TUMOR PADA PALATUM MOLLE (LAPORAN KASUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Supartono

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Phleomorphic adenoma is the most commonly found tumor of the salivary glands. This tumor is usually found in the postero-lateral region of the hard palate. In this case, a phelomorphic adenoma situated in the oropharynx region was reported. The CT-Scan results showed an expansive and infiltrative appearance, suspected to be a malignancy, where wide excision was previously planned to be carried out. During surgery, the mass was found pedunculated in the soft palate. It was then decided to perform an exicision as the choice of therapy.

  2. Immunohistochemical profiling of benign, low malignant potential and low grade serous epithelial ovarian tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rancourt Claudine

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Serous epithelial ovarian tumors can be subdivided into benign (BOV, low malignant potential (LMP or borderline and invasive (TOV tumors. Although the molecular characteristics of serous BOV, LMP and low grade (LG TOV tumors has been initiated, definitive immunohistochemical markers to distinguish between these tumor types have not been defined. Methods In the present study, we used a tissue array composed of 27 BOVs, 78 LMPs and 23 LG TOVs to evaluate the protein expression of a subset of selected candidates identified in our previous studies (Ape1, Set, Ran, Ccne1 and Trail or known to be implicated in epithelial ovarian cancer disease (p21, Ccnb1, Ckd1. Results Statistically significant difference in protein expression was observed for Ccnb1 when BOV tumors were compared to LMP tumors (p = 0.003. When BOV were compared to LG TOV tumors, Trail was significantly expressed at a higher level in malignant tumors (p = 0.01. Expression of p21 was significantly lower in LG tumors when compared with either BOVs (p = 0.03 or LMPs (p = 0.001. We also observed that expression of p21 was higher in LMP tumors with no (p = 0.02 or non-invasive (p = 0.01 implants compared to the LMP associated with invasive implants. Conclusion This study represents an extensive analyse of the benign and highly differentiated ovarian disease from an immunohistochemical perspective.

  3. The Physician Tendency in Stereotactic Radiosurgery Dose Prescription in Benign Intracranial Tumor at dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta

    OpenAIRE

    Henry Kodrat; Soehartati Gondhowiardjo; Renindra Ananda Aman

    2016-01-01

    Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is one of the treatment modalities for benign intra-cranial tumor, especiallyfor the tumor located next to the critical neural structure. The prescribed dose for radiosurgery depends onthe maximal tumor diameter and surrounding normal tissue tolerance dose. This cross sectional study wasconducted to evaluate the physician’s tendency in radiosurgery dose prescription. We observed treatmentplanning data of 32 patients with benign intra-cranial tumor, which...

  4. Visual outcome after fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy of benign anterior skull base tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astradsson, Arnar; Wiencke, Anne Katrine; Munck af Rosenschold, Per

    2014-01-01

    To determine visual outcome including the occurrence of radiation induced optic neuropathy (RION) as well as tumor control after fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy (FSRT) of benign anterior skull base meningiomas or pituitary adenomas. Thirty-nine patients treated with FSRT for anterior...

  5. Lack of Correlation between Benign Brain Tumors and Markers of Oral Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehrer, Steven; Green, Sheryl; Rosenzweig, Kenneth E

    2015-04-01

    Case control studies implicating dental X-rays in the genesis of intracranial meningiomas have yielded conflicting results. To further evaluate what risk, if any, that intracranial meningioma might be associated with dental X-rays, we examined the association of benign brain tumor incidence with the number of dentists and other correlates of oral health in U.S. states and the District of Columbia. We compared these correlations to the association of the same markers of oral health with Alzheimer's death rates. Poor oral health, especially periodontal disease, is a well-established risk factor for dementia. Pearson correlations, number of cases (49, no data from Kansas or Maryland) and significance (2 tailed p values) of benign brain tumor incidence and parameters of oral health are presented. None of the correlations approached statistical significance. In contrast, Alzheimer's deaths by state were negatively correlated with number of dentists and other markers of oral health. Our finding of a total lack of correlation between benign brain tumors and markers of oral health and, by implication, dental X-rays, suggests there may be no relationship between dental X-rays and meningioma or other benign brain tumors. This conclusion is strengthened by our demonstration of the known negative correlation between Alzheimer's and dental care.

  6. Calcifying fibrous tumor of the pleura: A rare case with an unusual presentation on CT and MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Da Hee; Haam, A. Seok Jin; Choi, Seong Eun; Park, Chul Hwan; Kim, Tae Hoon [Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-02-15

    Calcifying fibrous tumors (CFTs) are rare benign mesenchymal tumors consisting of hyalinized collagenous fibrotic tissue with a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate and dystrophic calcifications. Radiographic features have seldom been described, and there are no reports describing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. Here, we report a pleural CFT in a 47-year-old woman. The tumor mimicked an intrapulmonary lesion on initial computed tomography scans but migrated inferiorly and presented as an extra-pulmonary lesion on MRI. The tumor showed iso-signal intensity on T1-weighted images (WIs), low signal intensity on T2WIs, and slight rim enhancement on enhanced T1WIs.

  7. Benign emptying of the post-pneumonectomy space: recognizing this rare complication retrospectively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanakis, Meletios A; Misthos, Panagiotis A; Tsimpinos, Michalis D; Rapti, Nicoletta G; Chatzis, Andrew C; Lioulias, Achilleas G

    2015-11-01

    Patients presenting with a sudden drop in the pleural fluid level after a pneumonectomy in the absence of a recognizable bronchopleural fistula (BPF) have been classified as cases of benign emptying of the post-pneumonectomy space (BEPS). A retrospective study of 1378 pneumonectomies identified 4 cases of BEPS (0.29%). The patients were men; median age 64 years and all had undergone a right pneumonectomy. The median time at diagnosis was 31 days postoperatively and the median follow-up time was 31 months. None of the patients experienced a documented BPF or empyema. Although BEPS is an extremely rare complication, early recognition and close patient monitoring will prevent unnecessary interventional strategies. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  8. Role of selective intra-arterial embolization in benign liver tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer Puchol, M D; Parra Casado, C La; Cervera Araez, A; Sala López, R; Esteban Hernández, E; Cremades Mira, A; Ramiro Gandia, R

    To present cases of symptomatic benign liver tumors diagnosed and treated with intra-arterial embolization before surgery. We present the cases of 7 patients diagnosed with symptomatic benign liver tumors that required treatment: 1 focal nodular hyperplasia, 2 giant cavernous hemangiomas, 1 hepatic adenomatosis, and 3 hepatic adenomas. Once the feeding arteries were identified, tumors were embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles (500μm-700μm) and then the feeding artery was plugged with coils if there was an arterial pedicle to ensure the total vascular exclusion of the tumor. The surgical intervention took place 4 to 7 days after embolization. All 7 patients were women (age range, 23-74 years); presurgical intra-arterial embolization was done in 6. In 1 patient with adenomatosis, embolization was done to control intraparenchymal hepatic hemorrhage. In the 6 patients who underwent surgery, the tumor was completely excised and no intraoperative bleeding events or postoperative complications occurred. Provided there is a consensus among the multidisciplinary team, embolization is a useful option in the perioperative management of giant and/or symptomatic benign liver tumors. Copyright © 2017 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. [Influencing factors for oral-maxillofacial benign tumors: a case-control study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fangping; He, Baochang; Chen, Fa; Huang, Jiangfeng; Yan, Lingjun; Hu, Zhijian; Lin, Lisong; He, Fei; Cai, Lin

    2015-08-01

    To investigate the clinical influence factors of oral-maxillofacial benign tumors. We conducted a case-control study with 113 cases newly diagnosed primary oral-maxillofacial benign tumors and 584 cases controls from a hospital in Fujian from September 2010 to January 2015. Epidemiological data were collected by in-person interviews using a standard questionnaire. The contents of the questionnaire included demography character, history of tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking, dietary habits, oral hygiene status, family history of cancer, etc. Unconditional logistic regression was used to research the relationship between the factors and oral-maxillofacial benign tumors. Multivariable analysis showed that risk factors of oral-maxillofacial benign tumors included: cigarette smoking index above 1 000, passive smoking before the age of 18, age of wearing bad prosthesis between 33 to 55 years old and high blood pressure; the corresponding OR (95% CI) values were 14.63 (3.88-55.13), 2.34 (1.19-4.62), 2.35 (1.17-4.73), 3.46 (1.71-7.00), respectively; Protective factors included: regularly intake of meat above 1 time/day, fruits, health care products and vitamin tablets, brushing teeth above 1 time per day and oral examination above 5 years/time, the corresponding OR (95% CI) values were 0.22 (0.07-0.70), 0.18 (0.08-0.41), 0.32 (0.11-0.88), 0.22 (0.07-0.73), 0.28 (0.16-0.48), 0.28 (0.13-0.60), respectively. Abstinence from tobacco smoking, reduce passive smoking before the age of 18, regularly intake of meat, fruits, health care products and vitamin tablets, and oral examination at regular time might have impact on the incidence of oral-maxillofacial benign tumors to a certain extent.

  10. Bronchial carcinoid tumors: A rare malignant tumor | Orakwe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bronchial carcinoid tumors (BCTs) are an uncommon group of lung tumors. They commonly affect the young adults and the middle aged, the same age group affected by other more common chronic lung conditions such as pulmonary tuberculosis. Diagnosis is commonly missed or delayed due to a low index of suspicion.

  11. A Rare Case of Mesenteric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    accounting for <1% of all gastrointestinal tumors.[2]. Most of the tumors are seen in the stomach and rarely ... A 32‑year‑old male presented to us with a history of gradual abdominal distension for 5 months and acute pain of 2 days duration. There was no history of any previous investigations or any hospital admissions.

  12. Sex Steroid Hormones in Serum and Tissue of Benign and Malignant Breast Tumor Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Essam A. Mady

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The ability of breast tumors to synthesize sex steroid hormones is well recognized and their local production is thought to play a role in breast cancer development and growth. The aim of this study was to estimate local intra-tumoral and circulating levels of Estrone (E1, Estrone Sulfate (E1S, Estradiol (E2, Estriol (E3, and Testosterone (T in 33 pre- and postmenopausal women with primary breast cancer in comparison to 12 pre- and postmenopausal women with benign breast tumors. The mean levels of the studied sex hormones were higher in serum and tumor tissue of breast cancer women than those with benign breast tumors apart from Testosterone which showed a significant decrease in pre- and postmenopausal women with breast cancer (P < 0.001 for follicular phase, P < 0.001 for luteal phase, and P < 0.001 for postmenopausal. The levels of the five hormones were significantly higher intra-tumoral than in serum of both benign and malignant breast tumor women with E1S as the predominant estrogen. There was only a positive significant correlation between serum and tumor tissue levels of E1 (rs = 0.52, P < 0.05 for follicular; rs = 0.63, P < 0.05 for luteal and rs = 0.58, P < 0.05 for postmenopausal and a significant correlation between serum and tumor tissue of T (rs = 0.64, P < 0.05 for follicular; rs = -0.51, P < 0.05 for luteal and rs = -0.81, P < 0.04 for postmenopausal.

  13. Imaging findings in cardiac masses (Part I): study protocol and benign tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz Angulo, C; Méndez Díaz, C; Rodríguez García, E; Soler Fernández, R; Rois Siso, A; Marini Díaz, M

    2015-01-01

    Cardiac masses represent a diagnostic challenge because decisions about treatment are based on imaging techniques. Echocardiography, magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) are fundamental for the detection, characterization, and staging of cardiac masses as well as for planning their treatment. Most primary cardiac tumors are benign; myxomas, papillary fibroelastomas, and lipomas are the most common. The location of the tumors and its characteristics on CT and MR orient the etiologic diagnosis in most cases. This article describes the protocols for CT and MR studies of cardiac masses as well as the morphologic findings, predominant locations, and most useful characteristics for characterizing benign cardiac masses and establishing the differential diagnosis with malignant cardiac tumors and non-neoplastic pseudotumors. Copyright © 2014 SERAM. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. Angiomyolipoma and Malignant PEComa: Discussion of Two Rare Adrenal Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Kwazneski II

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Angiomyolipoma and PEComa are rare tumors descending from perivascular epithelial cells (PECs, with distinctive IHC, morphological, and ultrastructural features. The kidney is the most frequent site of origin, but not the only one; however, adrenal gland angiomyolipomas are extremely rare. We describe two cases being found in the adrenal glands. Given the paucity of literature on the subject, more information on this disease is necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Here, we describe two complete case reports, from presentation to treatment and follow-up, along with imaging and microscopic pathology samples, and provide a comprehensive review as to the history and current literature available regarding these extremely rare tumors.

  15. Myxoid neurothekeoma: A rare soft tissue tumor of hand in a male toddler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kafil Akhtar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurothekeomas are rare benign neoplasms, typically occurring in young patients with a remarkable predilection for the female population. Patients usually present with a small nodule in different anatomical sites, commonly involving the face and the upper limb. We report a case of a three-year-old boy, who presented with a nontender nodule on the left thumb. Surgical biopsy and immunostaining confirmed the diagnosis as myxoid neurothekeoma. The rarity of this unusual skin tumor in a toddler prompted the following report.

  16. Benign Pigmented Dermal Basal Cell Tumor in a Namibian Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja K. Heinrich

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A 3.5-year-old wild born cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus, living in a large enclosure on a private Namibian farm, developed a large exophytic nodular neoplasm in its skin at the height of the left shoulder blade. We describe the clinical appearance, the surgical removal, and histological examination of the tumor, which was diagnosed as a moderately pigmented benign basal cell tumor. A three-year follow-up showed no evidence of recurrence after the surgery. Although neoplasia is reported in nondomestic felids, only very few concern cheetahs. So far, no case of basal cell tumor was described in this species.

  17. Cellular Angiofibroma of the Prostate: A Rare Tumor in an Unusual Location

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inez Wyn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the unusual occurrence of a cellular angiofibroma in prostatic tissue. In this case, a 84-year-old man presented in the emergency room with urinary retention. Ultrasound revealed an enlarged prostate, which was suggestive for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The patient was treated with a Millin retropubic prostatectomy. Macroscopically the prostate contained multiple circumscribed nodules. Microscopic examination of the tumor showed the appearance of cellular angiofibroma, consisting of bland spindle cells and prominent, hyalinized vessels. The diagnosis was supported by FISH, which revealed monoallelic loss of RB1/13q14 region, as seen in spindle cell lipoma, (extra- mammary myofibroblastoma, and cellular angiofibroma. Cellular angiofibromas are rare, benign soft tissue tumours and were never reported in the prostatic gland.

  18. Primary Cervical Placental Site Trophoblastic Tumor: A Rare Entity with an Unusual Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanthilatha Pai

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Placental site trophoblastic tumour (PSTT is the least common form of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia accounting for only 1-2% of trophoblastic tumors. Approximately 200 cases are reported in English literature. PSTT presenting as a cervical growth is even less common. Differentiation of PSTT from other types of GTN, non-neoplastic gestational trophoblastic disease and non-trophoblastic tumors is important clinically due to differences in their therapeutic approaches.Appreciation of the morphologic features and immunophenotype allows their accurate diagnosis.Although most of the cases of PSTT behave in a benign fashion,the clinical behavior of PSTT can sometimes be variable and several prognostic factors can help to predict the biological behavior of this condition. We report a rare case of placental site trophoblastic tumor, presenting as a cervical mass, in a 38 year old female, and review the literature. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2013; 1(5.000: 286-289

  19. MR imaging of benign fatty tumors in children: report of four cases and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ha, T.V. (Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States)); Kleinman, P.K. (Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States)); Fraire, A. (Dept. of Pathology, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States)); Spevak, M.R. (Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States)); Nimkin, K. (Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States)); Cohen, I.T. (Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States)); Hirsh, M. (Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States)); Walton, R. (Dept. of Plastic Surgery, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA (United States))

    1994-07-01

    This study correlates the magnetic resonance imaging characteristics with the pathologic findings in rare benign fatty soft tissue tumors in four children. A review of the literature is presented. Two cases of infiltrating lipoma displayed bright signal on both T1- and T2-weighted images, similar to that observed in subcutaneous fat. Histological study revealed extensive muscle infiltration by mature fat, with some areas of total fatty replacement. The case of facial lipomatosis revealed an extensive process of fatty invasion of adjacent soft tissue and osseous deformity by mass effect of the tumor. This lesion was bright on T1- and T2-weighted images. Histopathologic examination showed widespread invasion of squamous mucosa and skeletal muscle. The single case of lipoblastoma involved the presacral region and right buttock. This lesion, although bright on both T1 and T2 weighting, was relatively hypointense to subcutaneous fat on T1. Microscopic examination revealed a well-encapsulated fatty mass made up of cells ranging from lipoblasts to mature lipocytes. In childhood, when fatty lesions are almost always benign, a morphologic characterization by magnetic resonance may be sufficient basis on which to make critical therapeutic judgements. (orig.)

  20. Multisession stereotactic radiosurgery for large benign brain tumors of >3cm- early clinical outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memon, Muhammad Ali; Ahmed, Usman; Saleem, Muhammad Abid; Bhatti, Amer Iqtidar; Ahmed, Naveed; Hashim, Abdul Sattar M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical outcome of linear accelerator based multisession stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for large benign brain tumors of >3cm. Methods Between June 2009 and May 2011, 35 patients having large benign brain tumors of >3cm (≥15 cm3) were treated by multisession stereotactic radiosurgery. This retrospective study was carried out at Neurospinal & Medical Institute Karachi. There were 17 (48.6 %) males and 18(51.4 %) females. Median age was 36 years (range: 13-65 years). Median target volume was 49.4 cm3 (range: 15-184 cm3). The median marginal dose was 25 Gy (range: 20–27.5Gy) prescribed to a median 75% isodose line (range: 65-100 %). Median number of 5 fractions were used ranging 3-5 fractions. Results All the patients tolerated treatment very well. 21 (58.3%) patients had remarkable clinical improvement of neurological symptoms, 14 (38.9%) patients had stable symptoms, and only one patient had transient worsening of symptoms. No permanent neurological damage or radiation injury was seen. Radiologically, 9 (25.7%) patients achieved reduction in size of the tumor, 26(74.3 %) patients were having stable disease, and overall control rate was found to be 100 %. Median follow-up time from the end of SRS was 6.4 months (range: 1-22.5months). Conclusion Linear accelerator based multisession stereotactic radiosurgery for large benign brain tumors of >3cm is effective and well tolerated. PMID:29296340

  1. [MRI and CT-scan in presumed benign ovarian tumors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomassin-Naggara, I; Bazot, M

    2013-12-01

    Radiological examinations are required for the assessment of complex or indeterminate ovarian masses, mainly using MRI and CT-scan. MRI provides better tissue characterization than Doppler ultrasound or CT-scan (LE2). Pelvic MRI is recommended in case of an indeterminate or complex ovarian ultrasonographic mass (grade B). The protocol of a pelvic MRI should include morphological T1 and T2 sequences (grade B). In case of solid portion, perfusion and diffusion sequences are recommended (grade C). In case of doubt about the diagnosis of ovarian origin, pelvic MRI is preferred over the CT-scan (grade C). MRI is the technique of choice for the difference between functional and organic ovarian lesion diagnosis (grade C). It can be useful in case of clinical diagnostic uncertainty between polycystic ovary syndrome and ovarian hyperstimulation and multilocular ovarian tumor syndrome (grade C). No MRI classification for ovarian masses is currently validated. The establishment of a presumption of risk of malignancy is required in a MRI report of adnexal mass with if possible a guidance on the histological diagnosis. In the absence of clinical or sonographic diagnosis, pelvic CT-scan is recommended in the context of acute painful pelvic mass in non-pregnant patients (grade C). It specifies the anomalies and allows the differential diagnosis with digestive and urinary diseases (LE4). Given the lack of data in the literature, the precautionary principle must be applied to the realization of a pelvic MRI in a pregnant patient. A risk-benefit balance should be evaluated case by case by the clinician and the radiologist and information should be given to the patient. In an emergency situation during pregnancy, pelvic MRI is an alternative to CT-scan for the exploration of acute pelvic pain in case of uncertain sonographic diagnosis (grade C). Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  2. Neuroendocrine tumor of the inguinal node: A very rare presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niharika Bisht

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Neuroendocrine tumors are a broad family of tumors arising most commonly in the gastrointestinal tract and the bronchus pulmonary tree. The other common sounds are the parathyroid, pituitary and adrenal gland. Inguinal node as a primary presentation of a neuroendocrine tumor is an extremely rare presentation. We present the case of a 43-year-old-male who presented with the complaints of an inguinal node swelling without any other symptoms and on further evaluation was diagnosed to have a non-metastatic neuroendocrine tumor of the inguinal node. He was treated with a combination of chemotherapy and surgery and is presently awaiting completion chemotherapy.

  3. Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Diffusion for Identification of Breast Malignant and Benign Tumors Using Chemometrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fengnong Chen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to identify the breast malignant and benign lesions using the features of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC, perfusion fraction f, pseudodiffusion coefficient D⁎, and true diffusion coefficient D from intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM. There are 69 malignant cases (including 9 early malignant cases and 35 benign breast cases who underwent diffusion-weighted MRI at 3.0 T with 8 b-values (0~1000 s/mm2. ADC and IVIM parameters were determined in lesions. The early malignant cases are used as advanced malignant and benign tumors, respectively, so as to assess the effectiveness on the result. A predictive model was constructed using Support Vector Machine Binary Classification (SVMBC, also known Support Vector Machine Discriminant Analysis (SVMDA and Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLSDA and compared the difference between them both. The D value and ADC provide accurate identification of malignant lesions with b=300, if early malignant tumor was considered as advanced malignant (cancer. The classification accuracy is 93.5% for cross-validation using SVMBC with ADC and tissue diffusivity only. The sensitivity and specificity are 100% and 87.0%, respectively, r2cv=0.8163, and root mean square error of cross-validation (RMSECV is 0.043. ADC and IVIM provide quantitative measurement of tissue diffusivity for cellularity and are helpful with the method of SVMBC, getting comprehensive and complementary information for differentiation between benign and malignant breast lesions.

  4. Non-Melanocytic Benign Tumors of the Face: A Retrospective Study

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    Kyoung Min Lee

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundAlthough plastic surgeons daily encounter various facial tumors in the field, reports limited on face are scarce. In our study, we want to provide basic epidemiologic data to help clinicians to decide the proper management for their patients.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients including age and gender, location and size of the tumor, histopathologic result, recurrence, type of anesthesia and any associated disorders who had undergone a surgical removal of their facial tumors and received the histopathologic report in the same institution between January 2009 and October 2012.ResultsOne hundred eighty-nine patients with 203 non-melanocytic benign tumors were included. The most frequent site of tumors was the central subunit of the forehead, followed by the lateral subunit of the cheek and the auricular unit. Of 36 different histopathologic results, the epidermal cyst was most frequent, followed by lipoma, pilomatricoma and osteoma. Statistical analysis showed that males were dominant in the epidermal cyst and lipoma groups. While, females were dominant in the osteoma and pilomatricoma groups. No associations were found between lesions and other diseases.ConclusionsOur study is the at most specific and concentrated study on non-melanocytic benign tumors of the face. We expect the epidemiologic data of our study may help plastic surgeons who are confronted with so many facial lesions in the field to decide on the most proper management for their patients.

  5. Kallikrein 4 and matrix metalloproteinase-20 immunoexpression in malignant, benign and infiltrative odontogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crivelini, Marcelo Macedo; Oliveira, Denise Tostes; de Mesquita, Ricardo Alves; de Sousa, Suzana Cantanhede Orsini Machado; Loyola, Adriano Motta

    2016-01-01

    Matrix metalloproteinase-20 (MMP20) (enamelysin) and kallikrein 4 (KLK4) are enzymes secreted by ameloblasts that play an important role in enamel matrix degradation during amelogenesis. However, studies have shown that neoplastic cells can produce such enzymes, which may affect the tumor infiltrative and metastatic behaviors. The aim of this study is to assess the biological role of MMP20 and KLK4 in odontogenic tumors. The enzymes were analyzed immunohistochemically in ameloblastoma, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT), calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, keratocystic odontogenic tumor with or without recurrence and odontogenic carcinoma. Clinicopathological parameters were statistically correlated with protein expression using the Fisher's exact test. Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon-independent methods were used to evaluate the differences in median values. Positive Immunoexpression was detected in all benign lesions, with a prevalence of 75-100% immunolabeled cells. Patients were predominantly young, Caucasian, female, with slow-growing tumors located in the mandible causing asymptomatic swelling. No KLK4 expression was seen in carcinomas, and the amount of MMP20-positive cells varied between 20% and 80%. Rapid evolution, recurrence and age >60 years characterized the malignant nature of these lesions. Data showed that KLK4 and MMP20 enzymes may not be crucial to tumoral infiltrative capacity, especially in malignant tumors, considering the diversity and peculiarity of these lesions. The significant immunoexpression in benign lesions, remarkably in AOT, is likely associated with differentiated tumor cells that can produce and degrade enamel matrix-like substances. This would be expected since the histogenesis of odontogenic tumors commonly comes from epithelium that recently performed a secretory activity in tooth formation.

  6. CT findings of primary retroperitoneal cystic tumors. Special emphasis on the distinction benignancy from malignancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nobusawa, Hiroshi; Hashimoto, Touji; Munechika, Hirotsugu [Showa Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine] [and others

    1995-10-01

    We describe the CT findings of primary retroperitoneal cystic tumors in 20 patients (cystic lymphangioma, 9; cystic teratoma, 3; cystic neurinoma, 4; mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, 3; synovial sarcoma, 1). CT findings were retrospectively reviewed and the findings correlated with the pathological findings to determine malignant or benign cystic tumors. Definite criteria for malignancy were invasion to surrounding organ and the presence of distant metastasis. However, the sensitivity of these criteria was very low (25%). Enhancement of an intracystic solid component was a reliable criterion (p<0.05) for malignancy (sensitivity 75%, specificity 81%, accuracy 80%). Either unilocular cystic appearance or the presence of a `neck` (between the cystic mass and paraaortic region) strongly suggested the possibility of benignancy (specificity 100%). The `neck` was thought to be morphologically specific for cystic lymphangioma. (author).

  7. Myoepithelial carcinoma of buccal mucosa: A rare tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeevan Lata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Myoepithelial carcinoma is a rare neoplasm of salivary glands that account for < 1% of all salivary gland tumors. The most common sites of involvement are major salivary glands mainly parotid gland. Intraorally, it can arise from minor salivary glands; palate is the most common site of occurrence. It also occurs in nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, nasal cavity and larynx in head and neck region. Myoepithelial tumors were first described in 1943. Their malignant variant, myoepithelial carcinoma, was first reported by Stromeyer et al., in 1975, characterized by distinct morphologic heterogeneity and an infiltrative growth pattern into adjacent tissues. Here, we report a rare case of a 55-year-old female with myoepithelial carcinoma of buccal mucosa. It was also rare because of unusual location of tumor. Our patient was treated with wide local resection and remained free of disease for 15 months.

  8. A benign salivary gland tumor of minor salivary gland mimicking an epithelial malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vandana Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pleomorphic adenoma (PA is the most common benign tumor of major or minor salivary glands. Microscopically, PA exhibits a great diversity of morphological aspects. Here, we present an unusual case of PA with extensive squamous metaplasia and keratin-filled cysts in the left retromolar region of a 50-year-old edentulous person whose microscopic finding may represent a diagnostic dilemma for pathologists.

  9. Malignant Gastric Glomus Tumor: A Case Report and Literature Review of a Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaesta Zaidi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A glomus tumor is a mesenchymal neoplasm that usually develops in the peripheral soft tissue, especially in the distal part of the extremities. The subungual zones of the fingers and toes are the most frequent sites of observation. The majority of glomus tumors are entirely benign, and the malignant counterparts are very rare, especially those arising in the visceral organs. We report a case of an extremely rare malignant glomus tumor arising in the stomach of a 53-year-old female admitted to the King Khalid University Hospital, Saudi Arabia. The patient reported a four-month history of pain and fullness in the left hypochondrium. She underwent laparotomy and resection of the gastric mass. The mass was analysed by histopathology. Based on the pathological findings of large tumor size, nuclear atypia, increased mitotic rate, atypical mitosis, the presence of necrosis, and characteristic immunohistochemistry the diagnosis of malignant glomus tumor was rendered. Ultrastructural study confirmed the diagnosis. The patient is well and continues regular follow-up.

  10. Late bone metastasis from an apparently benign oncocytic follicular thyroid tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boronat, Mauro; Cabrera, Juan J; Perera, Carmen; Isla, Concepción; Nóvoa, Francisco J

    2013-01-01

    A man underwent total thyroidectomy for goiter when he was 62 years old. The pathology report informed on a 5.5 cm oncocytic follicular adenoma and a 3.5 mm papillary microcarcinoma. Due to the papillary tumor, he was treated with ablative radioiodine therapy and suppressive doses of levothyroxine. After uneventful follow-up for 9 years, increased levels of serum thyroglobulin were detected. Further imaging studies including a whole body scan (WBS) after an empirical dose of 200 mCi 131I were negative. Two years later, a 99mTc SestaMIBI WBS and a 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron-emission tomography showed a well-delimited focal uptake in the right femur. A bone biopsy of the lesion demonstrated metastasis of follicular thyroid carcinoma. Retrospective histological reexamination of available material from the primary oncocytic thyroid tumor failed to reveal definitive traits of malignancy. Learning points Oncocytic follicular thyroid tumors are a relatively uncommon variant of follicular thyroid neoplasms mostly composed of distinctive large oxyphilic cells (Hürthle cells).Criteria for the distinction between benign and malignant oncocytic neoplasms are not different from those used in the diagnosis of ordinary follicular tumors.Some cases of apparently benign oncocytic neoplasms have been found to develop malignant behavior.Search to rule out vascular and capsular invasion should be particularly exhaustive in histological assessment of oncocytic thyroid tumors.Even so, long-term surveillance remains appropriate for patients with large apparently benign oncocytic tumors. PMID:24616777

  11. Benign tumors and pseudotumors of the nail: a novel application of sonography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wortsman, Ximena; Wortsman, Jacobo; Soto, Rosamary; Saavedra, Tirza; Honeyman, Juan; Sazunic, Ivo; Corredoira, Yamile

    2010-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the scope of high-resolution sonography in the detection of benign tumors and pseudotumors of the nail unit. We performed a retrospective study of the sonographic findings in 103 consecutive patients with benign tumors and pseudotumors of the nail that were medically derived and confirmed histologically. Statistical analysis (Student t test) was performed comparing clinical and sonographic diagnoses. Common benign tumors and pseudotumors of the nail can be detected on sonography, and they present different sonographic morphologic characteristics. According to origin, the lesions were considered ungual in 73% (n = 75) and periungual in 27% (n = 28) of the cases. Sonography showed their nature (solid or cystic), location, and extension as well as regional blood flow. In 35% of the cases, the use of sonography modified the clinical diagnosis, although the detailed anatomic information provided by sonography was useful in the planning of surgery in all cases. The addition of sonography was significant (P surgery and can allow a better definition and improvement of the cosmetic outcome of the treatment.

  12. Evaluation of bone scintigraphy in differential diagnosis of benign bone tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okuyama, Takeo; Suzuki, Hitoshi; Nakamoto, Kazuya; Suzuki, Soji (Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1982-12-01

    Bone scintigrachy with sup(99m)Tc-phosphate compounds was evaluated from the analysis of 71 consecutive cases of various benign bone tumors whether the scintigrams could be helpful in their differential diagnosis. The characteristics of the scintigraphic image at the site of bone lesions were noticed as being marked (++), moderate (+) and poor or minimal (-), according to the degree of accumulation of the radioactivity. Fibrous dysplasia (8 among 9 cases) as well as aneurysmal bone cyst (3 among 4 cases) had strong tendency of marked accumulation. Poor or minimal accumulation was observed in almost all of the lesions of nonossifying fibroma including fibrous cortical defect (6 all cases), solitary bone cyst (4 among 6 cases) and enchondroma (3 among 4 cases). Moderate accumulation was said to be non-specific, since it could be encountered in any type of benign bone tumors. But it was noticed that the majority of the bone lesions of eosinophilic granuloma (7 among 9 cases) showed moderate accumulation and the scintigraphic evidence of the skeletal disease appeared to be less extensive than the roentgenogram. These scintigraphic characteristics realized in some benign bone tumors occasionally played an important role in clinical diagnosis, especially in the cases atypical on roentgenographic findings. Several instructive cases whose final diagnosis was strongly linked to the scintigraphic information were demonstrated.

  13. "Nodule in Nodule" on Thyroid Ultrasonography: Possibility of Follicular Carcinoma Transformed from Benign Thyroid Tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Kaoru; Ota, Hisashi; Hirokawa, Mitsuyoshi; Yabuta, Tomonori; Fukushima, Mitsuhiro; Masuoka, Hiroo; Higashiyama, Takuya; Kihara, Minoru; Ito, Yasuhiro; Miya, Akihiro; Miyauchi, Akira

    2017-04-01

    It is generally considered impossible to differentiate follicular carcinomas from follicular adenomas by means of ultrasonography or cytology before surgery. Therefore, follicular carcinoma is histopathologically diagnosed by verifying capsular and/or vascular invasion after surgery. However, ultrasonography may play an important role in diagnosing follicular carcinoma preoperatively in a small number of cases. Four cases of follicular carcinoma or follicular neoplasm that transformed from a benign thyroid tumor and demonstrated a "nodule in nodule" appearance on ultrasonography are presented in this report. Characteristic ultrasound features of such patients are: (1) a "nodule in nodule" appearance, (2) a well-defined boundary line between the nodules, and (3) separate distribution of blood signals within each nodule. A small number of patients with follicular carcinomas or follicular neoplasms may present with a "nodule in nodule" appearance on ultrasonography. It was suggested a long time ago that follicular carcinomas may develop from benign thyroid tumors. The fact that follicular carcinomas appear within benign tumors may be evidence of thyroid tumorigenesis.

  14. [Aneurysmal bone cyst of the ethmoid sinus and skull base in a 3-year old child: a rare location of a benign bone lesion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, S; Flügel, W; Spuler, A; Mairinger, T; Hoch, H; Bloching, M

    2010-01-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign osteolytic lesion in childhood and adolescence which primarily arises in metaphyseal long bones. Its presence in bones of the skull base is very rare. In a 3-year old girl presenting with proptosis, MRI demonstrated a well-defined displacing growing mass in the ethmoid sinus, orbita and anterior fossa. The histopathologic examination of biopsy specimens confirmed an aneurysmal bone cyst. Despite radical surgery the child suffered from two recurrences of the lesion in the first year after initial diagnosis. There has been no subsequent recurrence during the last 3 years. Since this lesion is rarely seen at the skull base, is difficult to differentiate clinically and by histopathology and may take an abnormal course, it is described in this case report to emphasize that it should be included in the differential diagnosis of ENT tumors at this location.

  15. Exceptional Rare Giant Craniofacial Chondroid Tumor in Adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Si; Jia, Bangsheng; Li, Hao; You, Chao

    2017-02-01

    We present a rare case of giant soap bubble-shaped cystic lesion in the craniofacial region in an adult female. Histopathologic examination revealed the tumor consisted of 3 components including chondroblastoma, chondromyxoid fibroma, and hemorrhagic aneurysmal bone cyst. The present case is rare in terms of size, location, and histopathologic diagnosis, which is probably the result of underdeveloped health care in the remote place. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Extra-ocular sebaceous carcinoma: Rare skin adnexal tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Rajeev Sen; Sumiti Gupta; Ashok Sangwaiya; Renuka Verma; Jyoti Sharma; Veena Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare, highly malignant, and potentially lethal tumor of the skin, which most commonly occurs in the eyelid. The neoplasm arises from sebaceous glands, such as those of the eyebrow. It represents 1-5.5% of eyelid malignancies and is considered to be the third most common eyelid malignancy after basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, although few reports placed this tumor as second most common after basal cell carcinoma. Cutaneous extra-ocular sebaceous carci...

  17. Brown tumor in mandible as a first sign of vitamin D deficiency: A rare case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arunkumar, K V; Kumar, Sanjeev; Deepa, D

    2012-03-01

    Central giant cell granulomas (CGCGs) are uncommon but the most aggressive benign intraosseous tumors of jaws, with an unpredictable outcome. They account for less than 7% of all benign jaw lesions, with a female to male ratio of about 2:1. The classical "brown tumor" is commonly seen in the long bones, pelvis, and ribs. Facial bone involvement is rare and usually appears as solitary or multilocular soap bubble like radiolucencies. CGCGs are traditionally treated by both surgical and intralesional injection, with a variable recurrence rate. Here, we report a 12-year-old female patient with mandibular brown tumor as a first sign of secondary hyperthyroidism induced due to vitamin D deficiency and hypocalcemia.

  18. Brown tumor in mandible as a first sign of vitamin D deficiency: A rare case report and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K V Arunkumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Central giant cell granulomas (CGCGs are uncommon but the most aggressive benign intraosseous tumors of jaws, with an unpredictable outcome. They account for less than 7% of all benign jaw lesions, with a female to male ratio of about 2:1. The classical "brown tumor" is commonly seen in the long bones, pelvis, and ribs. Facial bone involvement is rare and usually appears as solitary or multilocular soap bubble like radiolucencies. CGCGs are traditionally treated by both surgical and intralesional injection, with a variable recurrence rate. Here, we report a 12-year-old female patient with mandibular brown tumor as a first sign of secondary hyperthyroidism induced due to vitamin D deficiency and hypocalcemia.

  19. CT diagnosis and differentiation of benign and malignant varieties of solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Xiaofang; Sun, Xiwen; Yang, Chunyan; Fang, Yong

    2017-01-01

    Abstract To investigate computed tomography (CT) characteristics of benign and malignant solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTPs). Preoperative CTs for 60 SFTP cases (49 benign and 11 malignant) with subsequently confirmed diagnoses were retrospectively analyzed. Tumor morphologies included mounded or mushroom umbrella-shape (19 cases, 31.7%), quasi-circular or oval-shape (30 cases, 50%), and growth resembling a casting mould (12 cases, 20%). Maximum tumor diameters were 1.1 to 18.9 cm (average: 6.4 ± 4.8 cm). Fifty-seven cases had clear boundaries, and 3 had partially coarse boundaries. Twenty-seven cases showed homogeneous density; 33, “geographic”-patterned inhomogeneous density; 6, calcifications; 12, intratumor blood vessels; and 3, thick nourishing peritumoral blood vessels. Pleural thickening (regular and irregular) was found adjacent to tumors in 4, compression of adjacent ribs with absorption and cortical sclerosis in 2, and location adjacent to ribs with bony destruction in 1. Four cases had a small amount of lung tissue enfolded along the boundary, 2 had multiple peritumoral pulmonary bullae, and 9 had small ipsilateral pleural effusions. Compared with benign and malignant SFTPs were larger (P < .001), had inhomogeneous density, and were more commonly associated with intratumor blood vessels and pleural effusions (P < .01). CT revealed characteristic patterns in SFTPs, including casting mould-like growth, rich blood supply, and “geographic”-patterned enhancement. In addition, larger tumor size, inhomogeneous intensities, abundant intratumor blood vessels, and pleural effusions were more common with malignancy. Lastly, multislice CT angiography can reveal feeding arteries and help guide surgical management. PMID:29245313

  20. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ovarian tumors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing-Jing Qiao

    Full Text Available To evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ovarian tumors.The scientific literature databases PubMed, Cochrane Library and CNKI were comprehensively searched for studies relevant to the use of CEUS technique for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ovarian cancer. Pooled summary statistics for specificity (Spe, sensitivity (Sen, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+/LR-, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR and their 95%CIs were calculated. Software for statistical analysis included STATA version 12.0 (Stata Corp, College Station, TX, USA and Meta-Disc version 1.4 (Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.Following a stringent selection process, seven high quality clinical trials were found suitable for inclusion in the present meta-analysis. The 7 studies contained a combined total of 375 ovarian cancer patients (198 malignant and 177 benign. Statistical analysis revealed that CEUS was associated with the following performance measures in differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors: pooled Sen was 0.96 (95%CI = 0.92∼0.98; the summary Spe was 0.91 (95%CI = 0.86∼0.94; the pooled LR+ was 10.63 (95%CI = 6.59∼17.17; the pooled LR- was 0.04 (95%CI = 0.02∼0.09; and the pooled DOR was 241.04 (95% CI = 92.61∼627.37. The area under the SROC curve was 0.98 (95% CI = 0.20∼1.00. Lastly, publication bias was not detected (t = -0.52, P = 0.626 in the meta-analysis.Our results revealed the high clinical value of CEUS in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ovarian tumors. Further, CEUS may also prove to be useful in differential diagnosis at early stages of this disease.

  1. Malignant phyllodes breast tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Lisa R. Shah-Patel, MD

    2017-01-01

    Malignant phyllodes tumor is a rare tumor of the breast occurring in females usually between the ages of 35 and 55 years. It is often difficult to distinguish benign from malignant phyllodes tumors from other benign entities such as fibroadenomas. This case presentation demonstrates a woman with malignant phyllodes tumor treated with mastectomy with abdominal skin flap reconstruction.

  2. Malignant phyllodes breast tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa R. Shah-Patel, MD

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Malignant phyllodes tumor is a rare tumor of the breast occurring in females usually between the ages of 35 and 55 years. It is often difficult to distinguish benign from malignant phyllodes tumors from other benign entities such as fibroadenomas. This case presentation demonstrates a woman with malignant phyllodes tumor treated with mastectomy with abdominal skin flap reconstruction.

  3. A rare case of cystic subepithelial tumor in the stomach: Gastric adenomyoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ho Seok; Jang, Yun Jin; Heo, Jun [Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    Gastric adenomyoma is a rare benign subepithelial tumor, characteristically composed of mucosal structures and a prominent smooth muscle stroma. Because of rarity and the nonspecific computed tomography (CT) features, it is difficult to diagnose gastric adenomyoma before operation. In our case, gastric adenomyoma showed a well-circumscribed cystic subepithelial mass with uneven wall thickness on a CT scan, similar to the findings of former reports. The radiologic differential diagnosis can be narrowed down to several diseases, including duplication cysts, gastritis cystica profunda, brunner's gland hyperplasia and solid tumors with cystic degeneration. Also, adenomyoma could be included in the differential diagnosis of gastric cystic subepithelial masses, especially in the distal part of the stomach.

  4. Benign Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions of the Oral Cavity and Jaws ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-24

    Jan 24, 2018 ... were divided into three anatomic regions: Anterior, premolar, and molar. The molar area of the mandible also included the angle and ramus. The nonodontogenic benign lesion site was divided into six anatomic regions: Maxilla (gingiva/alveolus), mandible (gingiva/alveolus), palate, cheek, tongue, and lip.

  5. Neurofibromatosis type 1, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, leiomyosarcoma and osteosarcoma: four cases of rare tumors and a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afşar, Ciğdem Usul; Kara, Ismail Oğuz; Kozat, Banu Kara; Demiryürek, Haluk; Duman, Berna Bozkurt; Doran, Figen

    2013-05-01

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic syndrome that predisposes patients to benign and malignant tumor development. Patients with NF1 develop multiple neurofibromas that can transform into aggressive sarcomas known as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. In contrast, malignant tumors unrelated to the nervous system rarely coexist with neurofibromatosis. The aim of this article was to present four cases of adult NF1 patients with malignant tumors unrelated to the nervous system as well as a bibliographic search for papers describing these tumors in NF1, focusing on osteosarcomas, gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), leiomyosarcomas and somatostatinomas and their genetic alterations in NF1. Search engines such as PubMed and MEDLINE were browsed for English-language articles since 1989 using a list of keywords, as well as references from review articles. Search terms were NF1, osteosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, somatostatinoma and GIST. Data were summarized in a table at the end of the Results section. In our four NF1 cases, there were one osteosarcoma, one leiomyosarcoma, one somatostatinoma and GIST and one GIST. NF1 was diagnosed at an adult age when these patients were admitted to our oncology department. The results generated by the literature search yielded 75 articles about NF and GIST. We summarized the clinical characteristics of 43 patients with NF1 and somatostatinoma. Forty-five articles involving NF and osteosarcoma were found, and of these, 26 involved NF1; from these articles, we identified the clinical features of 8 patients. Twenty-five articles were found concerning NF1 and leiomyosarcoma, and of those, we summarized the clinical features of 15 patients. Here we reviewed somatostatinomas, GISTs, osteosarcomas and leiomyosarcomas occurring in NF1 patients. Patients with NF1 who present with gastrointestinal symptoms, should be carefully evaluated carefully with a high index of suspicion of potential GISTs, periampullary and duodenal tumors

  6. Papillary tumor of pineal region: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meena Patil

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pineal tumors comprise 0.4-1.0% of intracranial space occupying lesions in adults. Papillary tumor of pineal region (PTPR is a very rare entity. It has been newly described in WHO 2007 classification of brain tumors. Only a few case reports are available in the literature. We report a case of a 60-year-old female presenting with headache, giddiness and reduced vision. Imaging studies showed a pineal mass with areas of hemorrhage. All ventricles were normal. There was a past history of a pineal gland tumor excised 2 years ago. This case is being reported for its rarity and aggressiveness in the form of recurrence. Limited/available immunohistochemistry workup has been done.

  7. Granular Cell Tumor - a Rare Tumor of the Mons Pubis: Case Report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Granular cell tumor of the mons pubis is rare. A case is reported with literature review. Material and Method: Study of the management and outcome of a 23 year old Nigerian woman with granular cell tumor in the mons pubis. Literature review was done utilizing a Medline search for the last ten years. Results: The ...

  8. Synovial Sarcoma-A Rare Tumor of the Larynx

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    Ghodrat Mohammadi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Malignant mesenchymal tumors of the larynx are rare. One type of malignant mesenchymal tumor is synovial sarcoma with unknown histogenesis, which occurs predominantly in the lower extremities of young adults. The head and neck region is a relatively rare location. There are few cases of malignant mesenchymal tumors with laryngeal localization in literature.  Case Report: In this report, a new case in a 23-year-old man, which was referred with increasing hoarseness for eight months, and dysphagia, odynophagia, and dyspnea since nearly one year ago, is reported. Indirect laryngoscopy revealed a laryngeal submucosal mass. The patient was operated and the histopathological diagnosis of synovial sarcoma was confirmed by IHC (Immunohistochemisry.  Conclusion:  Synovial sarcoma occurs predominantly in the lower extremities of young adults. Because very few cases of laryngeal synovial sarcoma are reported, every new case will bring some new information about diagnosis and therapy. It is of utmost importance to get to know new aspects and therapeutical modalities of this rare tumor.

  9. A rare tumoral combination, synchronous lung adenocarcinoma and mantle cell lymphoma of the pleura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foroulis Christophoros N

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coexistence of adenocarcinoma and mantle cell lymphoma in the same or different anatomical sites is extremely rare. We present a case of incidental discovery of primary lung adenocarcinoma and mantle cell lymphoma involving the pleura, during an axillary thoracotomy performed for a benign condition. Case presentation A 73-year old male underwent bullectomy and apical pleurectomy for persistent pneumothorax. A bulla of the lung apex was resected en bloc with a scar-like lesion of the lung, which was located in proximity with the bulla origin, by a wide wedge resection. Histologic examination of the stripped-off parietal pleura and of the bullectomy specimen revealed the synchronous occurrence of two distinct neoplasms, a lymphoma infiltrating the pleura and a primary, early lung adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical and fluorescence in situ hybridization assays were performed. The morphologic, immunophenotypic and genetic findings supported the diagnosis of primary lung adenocarcinoma (papillary subtype coexisting with a non-Hodgkin, B-cell lineage, mantle cell lymphoma involving both, visceral and parietal pleura and without mediastinal lymph node involvement. The neoplastic lymphoid cells showed the characteristic immunophenotype of mantle cell lymphoma and the translocation t(11;14. The patient received 6 cycles of chemotherapy, while pulmonary function tests precluded further pulmonary parenchyma resection (lobectomy for his adenocarcinoma. The patient is alive and without clinical and radiological findings of local recurrence or distant relapse from both tumors 14 months later. Conclusion This is the first reported case of a rare tumoral combination involving simultaneously lung and pleura, emphasizing at the incidental discovery of the two coexisting neoplasms during a procedure performed for a benign condition. Any tissue specimen resected during operations performed for non-tumoral conditions should be routinely sent for

  10. Benign phyllodes tumor with tubular adenoma-like epithelial component in FNAC: A diagnostic pitfall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishori M Panda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign phyllodes tumor (BPT is a biphasic neoplasm composed of bland stromal and epithelial elements. Cytologic diagnostic criteria of BPT, though documented in the literature, diagnostic pitfalls in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC may occur due to sampling error, high cellularity, ductal hyperplasia, paucity of stromal component, and occasional dissociation of epithelial cells. Here, we describe a case of BPT diagnosed by histology in a 19-year-old female, where FNAC features were inconclusive due to paucity of stromal component, predominance of tubular adenoma-like epithelial component, and due to the presence of other overlapping features with fibroadenoma.

  11. Struma Ovarii Associated with Pseudo-Meigs’ Syndrome: A Rare Presentation of an Infrequent Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Chhabra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Struma ovarii is an uncommon highly specialized ovarian teratoma that accounts for less than 5% of mature teratomas. It is composed predominantly of mature thyroid tissue. Thyroid tissue is observed in 5%-15% of teratomas; however, to qualify as a struma ovarii tumor, the thyroid proportion must comprise more than 50% of the overall tissue. The combination of pseudo Meigs'syndrome and elevation of CA 125 with struma ovarii is a rare condition that can mimic ovarian malignancy. The majority of strumas are benign, however occasionally malignant transformation may be seen. We have reported a case of benign struma ovarii that presented with the clinical features of advanced ovarian carcinoma: complex pelvic mass, gross ascites, bilateral pleural effusion, and markedly elevated serum CA 125 levels. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy. Ascites and pleural effusion resolved completely, and the CA 125 levels have returned to normal following surgical excision. Patients with pseudo-Meigs’ syndrome may present a diagnostic problem as they masquerade as carcinoma with malignant effusions. In addition, the coexistence of struma ovarii and pseudo-Meigs’ syndrome is a very rare event. We emphasize by this report that, despite its rarity, a differential diagnosis of struma ovarii should be included for an ovarian mass.

  12. Differentiation between benign and malignant colon tumors using fast dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR colonography; a feasibility study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Achiam, M.P., E-mail: achiam1@dadlnet.d [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev Ringvej, DK-2730 Herlev (Denmark); Department of Surgical Gastroenterology D, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev Ringvej, DK-2730 Herlev (Denmark); Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3C, DK-2200 Copenhagen (Denmark); Andersen, L.P.H.; Klein, M. [Department of Surgical Gastroenterology D, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev Ringvej, DK-2730 Herlev (Denmark); Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3C, DK-2200 Copenhagen (Denmark); Logager, V.; Chabanova, E.; Thomsen, H.S. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev Ringvej, DK-2730 Herlev (Denmark); Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3C, DK-2200 Copenhagen (Denmark); Rosenberg, J. [Department of Surgical Gastroenterology D, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev Ringvej, DK-2730 Herlev (Denmark); Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3C, DK-2200 Copenhagen (Denmark)

    2010-06-15

    Background: Colorectal cancer will present itself as a bowel obstruction in 16-23% of all cases. However, not all obstructing tumors are malignant and the differentiation between a benign and a malignant tumor can be difficult. The purpose of our study was to determine whether fast dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging combined with MR colonography could be used to differentiate a benign from a malignant obstructing colon tumor. Methods: Patients with benign colon tumor stenosis, based on diverticulitis, were asked to participate in the study. The same number of patients with verified colorectal cancer was included. Both groups had to be scheduled for surgery to be included. Two blinded observers analyzed the tumors on MR by placing a region of interest in the tumor and a series of parameters were evaluated, e.g. wash-in, wash-out and time-to-peak. Results: 14 patients were included. The wash-in and wash-out rates were significantly different between the benign and malignant tumors, and a clear distinction between benign and malignant disease was therefore possible by looking only at the MR data. Furthermore, MR colography evaluating the rest of the colon past the stenosis was possible with all patients. Conclusion: The results showed the feasibility of using fast dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging to differentiate between benign and malignant colonic tumors. With a high intra-class correlation and significant differences found on independent segments of the tumor, the method appears to be reproducible. Furthermore, the potential is big in performing a full preoperative colon evaluation even in patients with obstructing cancer. Trial number: (NCT00114829).

  13. [Pott's puffy tumor: a rare complication of frontal sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aínsa Laguna, D; Pons Morales, S; Muñoz Tormo-Figueres, A; Vega Senra, M I; Otero Reigada, M C

    2014-05-01

    Pott's puffy tumor is a rare complication of frontal sinusitis characterized by swelling and edema in the brow due to a subperiosteal abscess associated with frontal osteomyelitis. Added complications are cellulitis by extension to the orbit and intracranial infection by posterior extension, with high risk of meningitis, intracranial abscess, and venous sinus thrombosis. Early diagnosis and aggressive medical or surgical treatment are essential for optimal recovery of affected patients. In the antibiotic age it is extremely rare, with very few cases described in the recent literature. A case is presented of a Pott inflammatory tumor in a 7 year-old boy, as a complication of acute pansinusitis who presented with front preseptal swelling and intracranial involvement with thrombosis of ophthalmic and superior orbital veins and frontal epidural abscess extending to the subarachnoid space. Copyright © 2013 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Arising in a Benign Phyllodes Tumor: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Dong Jae; Kim, Dae Bong; Roh, Ji Hyeon; Kwak, Beom Seok [Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    A 42-year-old woman was presented with an ovoid mass detected on a mammography. Her physical examination revealed a 2 cm ill-defined mass in the right upper outer breast. A sonogram demonstrated a 1.9 cm ovoid, partially microlobulated and partially well-circumscribed, and an isoechoic mass with increased vascularity on Doppler imaging. Surgical excision was performed and the pathology revealed ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in a phyllodes tumor. DCIS within a phyllodes tumor is a very rare event. Here, we report on a case of DCIS in a phyllodes tumor.

  15. Excisional biopsy of suspected benign soft tissue tumors of the upper extremity: correlation between preoperative diagnosis and actual pathology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sluijmer, Heleen C. E.; Becker, Stéphanie J. E.; Bossen, Jeroen K. J.; Ring, David

    2014-01-01

    Tumors of the upper extremity are common and mostly benign. However, the prevalence of discordant diagnosis of a solid hand tumor is less studied. The objectives of this retrospective study were (1) to determine the proportion of patients with a different (discrepant or discordant) pathological

  16. Differentiation between benign and malignant colon tumors using fast dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR colonography; a feasibility study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, M P; Andersen, L P H; Klein, M

    2010-01-01

    Colorectal cancer will present itself as a bowel obstruction in 16-23% of all cases. However, not all obstructing tumors are malignant and the differentiation between a benign and a malignant tumor can be difficult. The purpose of our study was to determine whether fast dynamic gadolinium...

  17. Benign phyllodes tumor of the breast recurring as a malignant phyllodes tumor and spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Kristen E; Tafe, Laura J; de Abreu, Francine B; Peterson, Jason D; Wells, Wendy A; Barth, Richard J; Marotti, Jonathan D

    2015-02-01

    We report a unique case of a 59-year-old woman diagnosed with a benign phyllodes tumor (PT), which recurred twice in the same location over a 7-year period: first as a malignant PT and then as a malignant PT with coexisting spindle cell metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC). The MBC was differentiated from the malignant PT by expression of cytokeratins (CKs) AE1/AE3, CK MNF-116, CK 5/6, and p63. Somatic mutation analysis using a next-generation sequencing platform revealed a shared mutation in F-box and WD repeat domain containing 7, a tumor suppressor gene that encodes a ubiquitin ligase-associated protein, in the original benign PT and the first recurrent malignant PT. Chromosomal microarray analysis showed shared genetic gains and losses between the malignant PT and MBC. This case highlights the utility of immunohistochemistry to differentiate malignant PT from spindle cell MBC, describes a novel mutation in PT, and demonstrates a biologic relationship between these 2 entities. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Analysis of histological and immunohistochemical patterns of benign and malignant adrenocortical tumors by computerized morphometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalino Ciaramella, Paolo; Vertemati, Maurizio; Petrella, Duccio; Bonacina, Edgardo; Grossrubatscher, Erika; Duregon, Eleonora; Volante, Marco; Papotti, Mauro; Loli, Paola

    2017-07-01

    Diagnosis of benign and purely localized malignant adrenocortical lesions is still a complex issue. Moreover, histology-based diagnosis may suffer of a moment of subjectivity due to inter- and intra-individual variations. The aim of the present study was to assess, by computerized morphometry, the morphological features in benign and malignant adrenocortical neoplasms. Eleven adrenocortical adenomas (ACA) were compared with 18 adrenocortical cancers (ACC). All specimens were stained with H&E, cellular proliferation marker Ki-67 and reticulin. We generated a morphometric model based on the analysis of volume fractions occupied by Ki-67 positive and negative cells (nuclei and cytoplasm), vascular and inflammatory compartment; we also analyzed the surface fraction occupied by reticulin. We compared the quantitative data of Ki-67 obtained by morphometry with the quantification resulting from pathologist's visual reading. The volume fraction of Ki-67 positive cells in ACCs was higher than in ACAs. The volume fraction of nuclei in unit volume and the nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio in both Ki-67 negative cells and Ki-67 positive cells were prominent in ACCs. The surface fraction of reticulin was considerably lower in ACCs. Our computerized morphometric model is simple, reproducible and can be used by the pathologist in the histological workup of adrenocortical tumors to achieve precise and reader-independent quantification of several morphological characteristics of adrenocortical tumors. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  19. [Bone loss treatment, pseudoarthrosis, arthrodesis and benign tumors using xenoimplant: clinical study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cueva-Del Castillo, José Fernando; Valdés-Gutiérrez, Gustavo Adolfo; Elizondo-Vázquez, Francisco; Pérez-Ortiz, Omar; Piña Barba, María Cristina; León-Mancilla, Benjamín Herminio

    2009-01-01

    Bone loss as a result of arthrodesis, pseudarthrosis, benign tumors and bone defects was treated using a xenoimplant (Nukbone). The effectiveness of the material was evaluated through a longitudinal and observational study at the Hospital Regional "General Ignacio Zaragoza" (HRGIZ) ISSSTE. The Mexican xenoimplant is a patent of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Fifty two patients were considered regardless of age or gender. Of these patients, 28 were male and 24 female. Average age of the patients was 47.7 years (9-84 years). Twenty eight patients had arthrodesis, 16 were treated with pseudarthrosis, three patients had benign tumors and five patients presented bone defects, which were implanted with Nukbone at the site and was the correct treatment for the problem. The xenoimplant is fully integrated during a period of 3-18 months, depending on the size of the pathology and the region where it was placed. Fracture healing was evaluated radiographically according to the classification of Montoya. No patient had clinical signs of rejection. In Mexico, bony xenoimplants (osseous) have been used, all of foreign origin due to the high degree of technological dependence in this country. In this study we describe the use, for the first time, of a Mexican xenoimplant with a patent from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). The Mexican xenoimplant is biocompatible and can be adapted to treat pathologies where bony (osseous) material is needed.

  20. A Rare Tumor with a Very Rare Initial Presentation: Thymic Carcinoma as Bone Marrow Metastasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonam Sharma

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tumors of thymus gland are rare and account for 0.2% to 1.5% of all the neoplasms. They constitute a heterogeneous group that has an unknown etiology and a complex as well as varied biology. This has led to difficulty in their histological classification and in predicting their prognostic and survival markers. Among them, thymic carcinoma is the most aggressive thymic epithelial tumor exhibiting cytological malignant features and a diversity of clinicopathological characteristics that can cause diagnostic dilemmas, misdiagnosis, and therapeutic challenge. We herein describe a case of a 60-year-old man who while undergoing evaluation for the cause of pancytopenia was discovered having bone marrow metastasis from an asymptomatic thymic carcinoma. Bone marrow metastasis is an extremely rare initial presentation of thymic carcinoma with only few cases reported in the literature.

  1. Rare Head and Neck Benign Mesenchymoma in Close Proximity to Submandibular Gland in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka Jain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pediatric head and neck masses are commonly congenital in origin or of infectious etiology. We present a rare case of benign mesenchymoma in close proximity to the submandibular gland in an otherwise asymptomatic child. Computerized tomography (CT scan of the head and neck area revealed a benign lesion, which was later determined to be a benign mesenchymoma on histopathology. The child did well after surgery without any reported recurrence. We discuss the salient features of a benign mesenchymoma in a child and also discuss relevant imaging and management.

  2. A mixed neoplasm of intraosseous hemangioma with an ameloblastoma: a case of collision tumor or a rare variant?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harshvardhan Shridhar Jois

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiomas of the head and neck are considered to be benign tumors of infancy that are characterized by a rapid growth phase with endothelial cell proliferation, followed by gradual involution. Central hemangiomas are a rare occurrence and even rarer are the hybrid tumors of central hemangiomas with odontogenic tumors such as ameloblastomas. This paper reports a case of one such hybrid tumor in a middle aged adult clinical presenting as a mandibular swelling with indistinct mixed radiographic presentation and histopathologically comprising of intimately associated hemangiomatous vascular channels and typical ameloblastic areas. To the authors’ knowledge this is the sixth case of such a hemangiomatous ameloblastoma which has been reported till date.

  3. Myxoid Neurothekeoma: A Rare Soft Tissue Tumor of Hand in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    benign soft tissue tumor of the peripheral nerves with fairly distinctive histological features. It is commonly located on the ... between myxoid neurothekeoma, melanocytic tumors, and nervous system tumors. .... peripheral nerve sheath origin and are distinct neoplasms from neurothekeomas. Furthermore, data shows many ...

  4. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of saliva proteins for the noninvasive differentiation of benign and malignant breast tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Shangyuan; Huang, Shaohua; Lin, Duo; Chen, Guannan; Xu, Yuanji; Li, Yongzeng; Huang, Zufang; Pan, Jianji; Chen, Rong; Zeng, Haishan

    2015-01-01

    The capability of saliva protein analysis, based on membrane protein purification and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), for detecting benign and malignant breast tumors is presented in this paper. A total of 97 SERS spectra from purified saliva proteins were acquired from samples obtained from three groups: 33 healthy subjects; 33 patients with benign breast tumors; and 31 patients with malignant breast tumors. Subtle but discernible changes in the mean SERS spectra of the three groups were observed. Tentative assignments of the saliva protein SERS spectra demonstrated that benign and malignant breast tumors led to several specific biomolecular changes of the saliva proteins. Multiclass partial least squares–discriminant analysis was utilized to analyze and classify the saliva protein SERS spectra from healthy subjects, benign breast tumor patients, and malignant breast tumor patients, yielding diagnostic sensitivities of 75.75%, 72.73%, and 74.19%, as well as specificities of 93.75%, 81.25%, and 86.36%, respectively. The results from this exploratory work demonstrate that saliva protein SERS analysis combined with partial least squares–discriminant analysis diagnostic algorithms has great potential for the noninvasive and label-free detection of breast cancer. PMID:25609959

  5. Comparison of stromal CD10 expression in benign, borderline, and malignant phyllodes tumors among Egyptian female patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wael S Ibrahim

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Phyllodes tumors are group of biphasic fibroepithelial tumors of the breast of varying malignant potential, ranging from benign tumors to fully malignant sarcomas. According to the Egyptian National Cancer Institute, female malignant cases showed appreciable increase in the recent time period for breast cancer with the malignant phyllodes tumors representing 0.41% of cases in the year 2003-2004. Aims: This is an immunohistochemical study to compare CD10 expression in benign, borderline, and malignant phyllodes tumors, in order to highlight its diagnostic and prognostic values. Materials and Methods: This study conducted 34 Egyptian female cases of phyllodes tumors of different grades to be studied histologically and immunohistochemically using antibodies against CD10. Statistical Analysis: The Chi-square test was used to determine differences in CD10 expression between benign, borderline, and malignant tumors. One-way ANOVA test was used to determine whether the difference was significant. Significance was established at P<0.05. Results: In the 24 cases of benign phyllodes tumors, only four cases (16.7% showed positive CD10 reactivity. Three cases (60% out of five borderline phyllodes tumors showed positive CD10 reactivity, while four (80% out of five cases of malignant phyllodes tumors showed positive CD10 staining. Conclusion: From these highly significant results, we believe that there is a strong correlation between CD10 expression and tumor grade, which could be an important observation that may have both diagnostic and prognostic implications as well as promising potential target for development of novel therapies.

  6. The differentiation of malignant and benign musculoskeletal tumors by F-18 FDG PET/CT studies-determination of maxSUV by analysis of ROC curve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kong, Eun Jung; Cho, Ihn Ho; Chun, Kyung Ah; Won, Kyu Chang; Lee, Hyung Woo; Choi, Jun Heok; Shin, Duk Seop [Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-12-15

    We evaluated the standard uptake value (SUV) of F-18 FDG at PET/CT for differentiation of benign from malignant tumor in primary musculoskeletal tumors. Forty-six tumors (11 benign and 12 malignant soft tissue tumors, 9 benign and 14 malignant bone tumors) were examined with F-18 FDG PET/CT (Discovery ST, GE) prior to tissue diagnosis. The maxSUV(maximum value of SUV) were calculated and compared between benign and malignant lesions. The lesion analysis was based on the transverse whole body image. The maxSUV with cutoff of 4.1 was used in distinguishing benign from malignant soft tissue tumor and 3.05 was used in bone tumor by ROC curve. There was a statistically significant difference in maxSUV between benign (n = 11; maxSUV 3.4 {+-} 3.2) and malignant (n = 12; maxSUV 14.8 {+-} 12.2) lesion in soft tissue tumor ({rho} = 0.001). Between benign bone tumor (n = 9; maxSUV 5.4 {+-} 4.0) and malignant bone tumor (n = 14; maxSUV 7.3 {+-} 3.2), there was not a significant difference in maxSUV. The sensitivity and specificity for differentiating malignant from benign soft tissue tumor was 83% and 91%, respectively. There were four false positive malignant bone tumor cases to include fibrous dysplasia, Langerhans-cell histiocytosis (n = 2) and osteoid osteoma. Also, one false positive case of malignant soft tissue tumor was nodular fasciitis. The maxSUV was useful for differentiation of benign from malignant lesion in primary soft tissue tumors. In bone tumor, the low maxSUV correlated well with benign lesions but high maxSUV did not always mean malignancy.

  7. Benign giant-cell tumor of the common bile duct: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dan-Dan; Zheng, Ya-Min; Teng, Liang-Hong; Sun, Yan-Ni; Gao, Wei; Wang, Lei-Ming; Wang, Yue-Hua; Li, Fei; Lu, De-Hong

    2014-11-07

    Primary giant-cell tumors rarely arise in the common bile duct. We herein report a case of primary giant-cell tumor of the common bile duct. The patient was an 81-year-old male who was diagnosed with a well-defined 1.2-cm mass projecting into the lumen of the middle common bile duct. Excision of the gallbladder and extrahepatic bile duct and a Roux-en-Y cholangiojejunostomy were performed. Histologically, the tumor had no association with carcinomas of epithelial origin and was similar to giant-cell tumors of the bone. The tumor consisted of a mixture of mononuclear and multinucleated osteoclast-like giant cells. The mononuclear cells showed no atypical features, and their nuclei were similar to those of the multinucleated giant cells. CD68 was expressed on the mononuclear and multinucleated osteoclast-like giant cells, whereas CD163 immunoreactivity was restricted to the mononuclear cells. Six months after the operation, the patient was still alive and had no recurrence. The interest of this case lies in the rarity of this entity, the difficulty of preoperative diagnosis, and this tumor's possible confusion with other malignant tumors.

  8. Benign nodular hyperplasia of the liver-pedunculated form: diagnostic contributions of ultrasonography and consideration of exophytic liver tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badea, Radu; Meszaros, Magdalena; Al Hajjar, Nadim; Rusu, Ioana; Chiorean, Liliana

    2015-01-01

    Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is an asymptomatic benign liver tumor that may be detected accidentally during an abdominal ultrasound examination; it is associated with unspecific complaints, sometimes painful. Diagnosis can be precise using imaging techniques like ultrasonography. The diagnostic criteria are represented by the spatial display of the tumoral vessels and their hemodynamic characteristics. Sometimes differential diagnostic issues occur with other benign or malignant liver tumors. We present the case of a young female patient without a personal pathological history, who complained of intense, diffuse, intermittent, non-systematic abdominal pain and who underwent ultrasound examination, followed by contrast-enhanced ultrasound. With this technique, we evidenced a solid extrahepatic tumor, which was mobile at the patient's change of position and had the hemodynamic features of FNH. The article also tackles the problem of intra-abdominal pedunculated tumors.

  9. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Urinary Bladder with Benign Pelvic Lymph Node Enlargement: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuaki Machioka

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs rarely occur in the urinary bladder. It is apparently difficult to distinguish these tumors from other malignant spindle cell proliferations. Herein, we report a case of IMT of the urinary bladder with enlarged pelvic lymph nodes. The definitive pathological diagnosis could not be established by biopsy. Instead, the diagnosis of IMT of the urinary bladder was determined by a positive reaction to anaplastic lymphoma kinase by immunohistochemistry after radical cystectomy. No malignant findings were observed on histopathological evaluations of the enlarged lymph nodes.

  10. Idiopathic renal replacement lipomatosis: A rare renal pseudo tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shailja P Wahal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal replacement lipomatosis (RRL is a rare condition that occurs as an end result of renal atrophy or destruction of renal parenchyma by excessive lipomatous tissue in renal sinus and perinephric space. We report a case of RRL presenting as a right renal mass clinically. Intra-venous pyelography and renal scan revealed a left non-functioning kidney. A left nephrectomy was performed. After histopathological examination and extensive literature search, a diagnosis of RRL was given. In majority of cases, it is associated with renal calculi. Idiopathic variety is not common. It is a rare entity and the diagnosis may be missed due to lack of experience. It has to be differentiated from other fat-containing tumors such as renal lipoma, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, angiomyolipoma and liposarcoma.

  11. Vaginal Primary Malignant Melanoma: A Rare and Aggressive Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgios Androutsopoulos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Vaginal primary malignant melanoma is a rare and very aggressive tumor. It most commonly occurs in postmenopausal women, with a mean age of 57 years. Our patient is an 80-year-old, postmenopausal Greek woman presented with a complaint of abnormal vaginal bleeding. On gynecologic examination there was a pigmented, raised, ulcerated, and irregular lesion  cm in the upper third of anterior vaginal wall. She underwent a wide local excision of the lesion. The histopathology revealed vaginal primary malignant melanoma with ulceration and no clear surgical margins. She denied any additional surgical interventions and underwent to postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. Follow up 5 months after initial diagnosis revealed no evidence of local recurrence or distant metastasis. The prognosis of vaginal primary malignant melanoma is very poor despite treatment modality, because most of the cases are diagnosed at advanced stage. Particularly patients with no clear surgical margins and tumor size >3 cm needed postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.

  12. Penile angiomyxoma: A rare clinical case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarin, G. Y.; Fedorenko, V. N.; Ageeva, T. A.; Falameeva, O. V.; Alekseeva, A. V.; Voronina, E. I.; Vilgelmi, I. A.

    2017-09-01

    Angiomyxoma is a rare benign tumor prone to aggressive and invasive growth and relapse. Very few case reports of tumors with this morphology have been published in the world literature. In this paper, we report a rare case of penile angiomyxoma, which illustrates that any preoperative examination does not allow physicians to suspect this tumor type. This fact makes physicians be alert for cancer and use the active surgical tactics even if a tumor is supposed to be benign.

  13. Dental diagnostic X-ray exposure and risk of benign and malignant brain tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, M C; Lee, C F; Lin, C L; Wu, Y C; Wang, H E; Chen, C L; Sung, F C; Kao, C H

    2013-06-01

    This study evaluates the risk of benign brain tumors (BBTs) and malignant brain tumors (MBTs) associated with dental diagnostic X-ray, using a large population-based case-control study. We identified 4123 BBT cases and 16 492 controls without BBT (study 1) and 197 MBT cases and 788 controls without MBT (study 2) from Taiwan National Health Insurance claim data. The risks of both types of tumor were estimated in association with the frequency of received dental diagnostic X-ray. The mean ages were ~44.2 years in study 1 and 40.6 years in study 2. Multivariable unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of BBT increases as the frequency of received dental diagnostic X-ray increases. The BBT odds ratio increased from 1.33 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22-1.44] for those with annual mean X-ray examination of less than one to 1.65 (95% CI 1.37-1.98) for those with three or more X-ray examinations, after controlling for comorbidities. No significant association was found between MBTs and dental diagnostic X-ray exposure. Exposure to dental diagnostic X-rays in oral and maxillofacial care increases the risk of BBTs, but not MBTs.

  14. Correlation between ploidy status using flow cytometry and nucleolar organizer regions in benign and malignant epithelial odontogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed Mahmoud, Sarah Ahmed; El-Rouby, Dalia Hussein; El-Ghani, Safa Fathy Abd; Badawy, Omnia Mohamed

    2017-06-01

    Differentiation between the aggressive benign odontogenic tumors and their malignant counterparts is controversial and difficult. While flow cytometry (FCM) allowed DNA analysis in neoplasia, argyrophilic organizer regions (AgNORs) number and/or size in a nucleus are correlated with the ribosomal gene activity and therefore with cellular proliferation. The aim of this research was to study the diagnostic accuracy of FCM and AgNORs staining in differentiating between benign and malignant epithelial odontogenic tumors and to correlate between these two interventions. Sixteen benign cases [8 cases of ameloblastoma (AB) and 8 cases of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT)] and 13 malignant epithelial odontogenic tumors [8 cases of ameloblastic carcinoma (ABC) and 5 cases of clear cell odontogenic carcinoma(CCOC)] were included in the current study. For FCM analysis, a single cell suspension from Formalin fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumors was prepared according to a modified method described by Hedley (1989) and AgNORs staining were performed in accordance to the Ploton protocol (1986). Analysis of AgNORs was performed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The work revealed that all the examined tumors were diploid, except for 40% of CCOC cases. The S-phase fraction (SPF) value, AgNORs count and AgNORs area/cell showed statistically significant difference on comparing benign and malignant groups. A weak positive correlation was observed between SPF and AgNORs count. The SPF value was considered to be more sensitive and specific in differentiation between aggressive benign and malignant epithelial odontogenic tumors in comparison to AgNORs counting. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Clinical and Radiographic Study of Benign Odontogenic Tumors in the Jaws

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Gyung Yae; Park, Chang Seo [Dept. of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1989-11-15

    The author observed and analyzed the age, sex, chief complaint and radiographic finding of sixty-one cases of benign odontogenic tumors seen in Yonsei Medical Center, for the period of Jan. 1979 to Aug. 1989. The results were as follows: 1. Benign odontogenic tumors of 61 cases included 52 cases (85.3%) of ameloblastoma and odontoma, and 9 cases of other lesions. Radiographically, the border of the lesions were well-defined. 2. Ameloblastoma constituting twenty-seven cases (44.3%) occurred the average age of 31.1 years and had a 3:1 male predominance. The most common complaint was swelling (20 cases, 74.0%) and followed by pain (13 cases, 48.2%). Radiographically, the most common site was mandibular body area (74.0%) and the lesions were mainly multiocular radiolucency; in 17 cases (63.0%) and unilocular radiolucent lesion were seen in 10 cases (37.0%). 16 cases (59.3%) showed the resorption of roots of adjacent teeth. 3. Odontoma constituting twenty-five cases (41.0%) discovered at the average age of 16.9 years and had a 3:2 male predominance. The most common complaint was delayed eruption of tooth (8 cases, 31.0%) and 7 cases (27.0%) detected on a routine radiograph of the area. Radiographically, 17 cases (68.0%) were of compound type and 8 were of complex variety and compound odontomas were common in the anterior maxilla, whereas complex odontomas occurred more frequently in the posterior mandible. 19 cases (76.0%) showed the impaction of adjacent teeth.

  16. Dynamic Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) and Diffusion Weighted MR Imaging (DWI) for Differentiation between Benign and Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors

    OpenAIRE

    Assili S; Fathi Kazerooni A; Aghaghazvini L; Saligheh Rad. H.R.; Pirayesh Islamian J.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Salivary gland tumors form nearly 3% of head and neck tumors. Due to their large histological variety and vicinity to facial nerves, pre-operative diagnosis and differentiation of benign and malignant parotid tumors are a major challenge for radiologists. Objective: The majority of these tumors are benign; however, sometimes they tend to transform into a malignant form. Functional MRI techniques, namely dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE-) MRI and diffusion-weighted ...

  17. HE4 Tissue Expression and Serum HE4 Levels in Healthy Individuals and Patients with Benign or Malignant Tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Nikoline S; Karlsen, Mona A; Høgdall, Claus K

    2014-01-01

    , this review aims to systematically outline published results of HE4 tissue expression and serum HE4 levels in healthy individuals and patients with benign or malignant tumors. Our findings suggest scientific basis for a potential diagnostic ability of HE4 in gynecologic cancer and lung cancer, and further...

  18. Free breathing DCE-MRI with motion correction and its values for benign and malignant liver tumor differentiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaolin Zheng

    2015-09-01

    Conclusion: Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI combined with tracer kinetic model and non-rigid registration was a feasible method for diagnosing of liver lesions under free breezing mode. In our approach, the contrast agent transfer rate Ktrans was a good biomarker to differentiate benign and malignant tumors of liver.

  19. Clonal expansion of mutated mitochondrial DNA is associated with tumor formation and complex I deficiency in the benign renal oncocytoma.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gasparre, G.; Hervouet, E.; Laplanche, E de; Demont, J.; Pennisi, L.F.; Colombel, M.; Mege-Lechevallier, F.; Scoazec, J.Y.; Bonora, E.; Smeets, R.; Smeitink, J.A.M.; Lazar, V.; Lespinasse, J.; Giraud, S.; Godinot, C.; Romeo, G.; Simonnet, H.

    2008-01-01

    Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are frequent in cancers but it is not yet clearly established whether they are modifier events involved in cancer progression or whether they are a consequence of tumorigenesis. Here we show a benign tumor type in which mtDNA mutations that lead to complex I

  20. Rarity among benign gastric tumors: Plexiform fibromyxoma - Report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szurian, Kinga; Till, Holger; Amerstorfer, Eva; Hinteregger, Nicole; Mischinger, Hans-Jörg; Liegl-Atzwanger, Bernadette; Brcic, Iva

    2017-08-21

    Plexiform fibromyxoma is a very rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach, found almost exclusively in the antrum/pylorus region. The most common presenting symptoms are anemia, hematemesis, nausea and unintentional weight loss, without sex or age predilection. We describe here two cases of plexiform fibromyxoma, involving a 16-year-old female and a 34-year-old male. Both patients underwent complete resection (R0) by distal gastrectomy and retrocolic gastrojejunostomy (according to Billroth 2); for both, the postoperative course was uneventful. Histology showed multiple intramural and subserosal nodules with characteristic plexiform growth, featuring bland spindle cells situated in an abundant myxoid stroma with low mitotic activity. Immunohistochemistry showed α-smooth muscle actin-positive spindle cells, focal positivity for CD10, and negative staining for KIT, DOG1, CD34, S100, β-catenin, STAT-6 and anaplastic lymphoma kinase. One of the cases showed focal positivity for h-caldesmon and desmin. Upon follow-up, no sign of disease was found. In the differential diagnosis of plexiform fibromyxoma, it is important to exclude the more common gastrointestinal stromal tumors as they have greater potential for aggressive behavior. Other lesions, like neuronal and vascular tumors, inflammatory fibroid polyps, abdominal desmoid-type fibromatosis, solitary fibrous tumors and smooth muscle tumors, must also be excluded.

  1. Gastro-umbilical fistula as a rare complication of benign gastric ulcer perforation: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ju Young; Jang, Kyung Mi; Yoon, Hoi Soo; Kim, Min Jeong; Lee, Kwan Seop; Lee, Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon [College of Medicine, Hallym University, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-11-15

    As fistula occurring between the stomach and other abdominal internal organs or to the surface of the body is usually encountered as a complication of stomach cancer or colon cancer, peptic ulcer disease, or other variable causes. The most common type of gastric fistula is a gastro-colic fistula that is mainly found as a complication of a gastric carcinoma or of a carcinoma of the transverse colon invading each other. Sometimes, a benign gastric ulcer perforation also can cause a gastro-colic fistula. However, as far as we know, a fistula occurring between the stomach and the umbilicus has not been reported. Here we present a case report of a gastro-umbilical fistula in a young woman that manifested as a umbilical discharge.

  2. Expression of Hormone Receptors and HER-2 in Benign and Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Can, Nhu Thuy; Lingen, Mark W; Mashek, Heather; McElherne, James; Briese, Renee; Fitzpatrick, Carrie; van Zante, Annemieke; Cipriani, Nicole A

    2017-07-05

    With the advent of targeted therapies, expression of sex hormone receptors and HER-2 in salivary gland tumors (SGTs) is of clinical interest. Previous reports of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptor expression have varied. Androgen receptor (AR) and HER-2 overexpression are frequently reported in salivary duct carcinoma (SDC), but have not been studied systematically in other SGTs. This study examines ER, PR, AR, and HER-2 expression in SGTs. Immunohistochemistry for ER, PR, AR, and HER-2 was performed on 254 SGTs (134 malignant). ER, PR, and AR expression was scored using Allred system. HER-2 expression was scored using Dako HercepTest guidelines. FISH for HER-2 amplification was performed on select cases with HER-2 overexpression (2-3+). No SGT demonstrated strong expression of ER or PR. Combined strong AR and HER-2 expression was seen in 22 carcinomas: 14/25 SDC, 3/16 poorly differentiated, two oncocytic, and one each carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, squamous cell, and intraductal carcinoma. Eighteen additional high grade carcinomas had HER-2 overexpression with absent, weak, or moderate AR expression; eight high grade carcinomas had isolated strong AR expression with 0-1+ HER-2 staining. Of 15 tested cases, six demonstrated HER-2 amplification by FISH, all of which had 3+ immunoreactivity. Neither benign nor malignant SGTs had strong expression of ER or PR. None of the benign SGTs overexpressed AR or HER-2. Coexpression of AR and HER-2 should not define SDC, but immunostaining should be considered in high grade salivary carcinomas, as some show overexpression and may benefit from targeted therapy.

  3. Editorial comment on: “Ureteritis cystica: A rare benign lesion”

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    E.O. Kehinde

    This is an interesting rare case of filling defects in the ureter of a. Sudanese lady, proved to be due to ureteritis cystica. The correct diagnosis was made by the finding of filling defects in the ureter on. CT urography and MRU films and at ureteroscopy and biopsy. Nat- urally as clinicians, we think of neoplasms first in such ...

  4. Solitary bone plasmacytoma of the pelvis: a rare tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samir Karmali

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Solitary bone plasmacytomas are part of a wide range of monoclonal neoplasms that share a common progenitor in the B lymphocyte lineage. In their particular case, a single bone lesion is found, most frequently on the axial skeleton, having evidence of no other osteolytic lesions or systemic involvement. Diagnosis can sometimes prove to be difficult as they are rare tumors, occurring in 3 to 5% (up to 10% in some series of patients with plasma cell neoplasms, with important considerations regarding the differential diagnosis. We report a case of a solitary bone plasmacytoma, found on the ala of the left ilium of a patient during a routine consult due to hip pain.

  5. Urachal Tumor: A Case Report of an Extremely Rare Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Palla Garcia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The urachus is a tubular structure that connects the bladder to the allantois in the embryonic development, involuting after the third trimester. The urachus carcinoma is an extremely rare tumor that accounts for <1% of all bladder cancers. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman, with no past medical history, complaining of hematuria with 6-month duration and a physical exam and an abdominal computed topographic scan revealing an exophytic mass of 6.8 cm longer axis that grew depending on the anterior bladder wall, invading the anterior abdominal wall. Cystoscopy detected mucosal erosion. The biopsy showed structures of adenocarcinoma of enteric type. The surgical specimen showed urachus adenocarcinoma of enteric type with stage IVA in the Sheldon system and stage III in the Mayo system. This case has a 3-year follow-up without disease recurrence.

  6. Endonasal endoscopic excision of a rare tumor: nasal bone osteoid osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazici, Haşmet; Soy, Fatih Kemal; Kulduk, Erkan; Dündar, Riza; Doğan, Sedat; Kaymakçi, Mustafa; Bülbül, Erdoğan

    2014-09-01

    Osteomas are slow-growing, benign tumors that frequently occur in paranasal areas; are detected by their symptoms, depending on their location and size, or incidentally on radiologic examination; and rarely arise from the nasal bone. We present an isolated nasal bone osteoma--which has not, to our knowledge, been reported previously--that was excised using an endoscopic endonasal approach via intercartilaginous incision and reconstructed with MEDPOR. A 21-year-old male patient attended the Mardin State Hospital ENT Clinic with the complaint of a slowly enlarging mass on the left side of the nose. The clinical, radiologic, and histologic findings pointed to a diagnosis of nasal bone osteoma. An endoscopic-assisted endonasal approach was performed, and defect was reconstructed with MEDPOR. At postoperative 6-month evaluation, no recurrence was observed, and the cosmetic result was satisfying in both external and intranasal views. In the removal of rare nasal bone osteomas, endoscopic endonasal surgery could be preferred over an external approach because of its favorable cosmetic results, comfort for the patient, and graft viability.

  7. CARCINOID TUMOR OF THE DUODENUM: a rare tumor at an unusual site. Case series from a single institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaques WAISBERG

    2013-03-01

    disease. Only one (5% patient died due to liver metastases of the duodenal carcinoid. Conclusions Duodenal carcinoids are rare and indolent tumors usually associated with a benign progression. Duodenoscopy, computerized tomography, and endoscopic ultrasound should be performed to evaluate the tumor size, the level of wall invasion, and the presence of regional or distant lymphatic metastases. Endoscopic removal of tumors smaller than 1.0 cm without periampullary localization or evidence of muscular propria layer invasion assessed by histology and/or endoscopic ultrasound is recommended. The endoscopic resection with a carcinoid tumor size between 1.0 cm and 2.0 cm can be incomplete and require new endoscopic resection or even surgical removal. Duodenal carcinoid larger than 2.0 cm require full-thickness resection and concomitant lymphadenectomy.

  8. Diffuse Cavernous Hemangioma of the Penis, Scrotum, Perineum, and Rectum - A rare tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rastogi Rajul

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiomas are benign lesions that occur in any part of the body. Genital hemangioma involving the entire penis and scrotum are extremely rare. More rarely they can extend in to the pelvis making preoperative imaging imperative and decisive in treatment. Very few cases have been reported in the medical literature. Hereby, a rare cavernous hemangioma that involves the entire penis, scrotum and extends into perineum and rectum in an 18-year-old male is presented with review of literature.

  9. Multiple glomus tumors and segmental neurofibromatosis: there are no coincidences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral, Rita; Santiago, F; Tellechea, O

    2011-03-15

    Segmental neurofibromatosis is a rare subtype of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Glomus tumors are uncommon benign tumors. The authors report the association between these two rare conditions, not yet reported.

  10. Multiple glomus tumors and segmental neurofibromatosis: there are no coincidences

    OpenAIRE

    Cabral, R; Santiago, F.; Tellechea, O

    2011-01-01

    Segmental neurofibromatosis is a rare subtype of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Glomus tumors are uncommon benign tumors. The authors report the association between these two rare conditions, not yet reported.

  11. Kuttner tumor involving minor salivary glands: A very rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinay Kumar Reddy Kundoor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Kuttner tumor, also known as chronic sclerosing sialadenitis, was first described by Dr. H. Kuttner in 1896. It is an uncommon, chronic, benign tumor-like lesion predominantly involving the submandibular glands of middle-aged individuals, and presents as a firm, painful swelling. Histologically, it is characterized by progressive periductal sclerosis, acinar atrophy, and gland infiltration by lymphocytes. A case of Kuttner tumor involving the minor salivary glands is reported.

  12. Fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy for intracranial benign tumor : preliminary results of clinical application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dae Yong; Ahn, Yong Chan; Huh, Seung Jae [Samsung Medical Center, Syungkyunkwan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] (and others)

    1998-06-01

    With the development of stereotactic immobilization systems capable of reliable serial repositioning, fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy(FSRT) offers the potential for an improved treatment outcome by excellent dose delivery, and dose distribution characteristics with the favorable radio-biological properties of fractionated irradiation. We describe our initial experience using FSRT for the treatment of intracranial benign tumor. Between August 1995 and December 1996, 15 patients(7 males and 8 females aged 6-70 years) were treated with FSRT. The patients had the following diagnosis : pituitary adenoma(10) including one patient who previously had received radiotherapy, craniopharyngioma(2), acoustic neurinoma(1), meningioma(2). Using the Gill-Thomas-Cos-man relocatable head frame and multiple non-coplanar therapy, the daily dose of 2Gy was irradiated at 90% to 100% isodose surface of the isocenter. The collimator sizes ranged from 26mm to 70mm. In all patients except one follow-up lost, disease was well-controlled. Acute complication was negligible and no patient experienced cranial nerve neuropathies and radiation necrosis. In overall patient setup with scalp measurements, reproducibility was found to have mean of 1.1{+-}0.6mm from the baseline reading. Relocatable stereotactic system for FSRT is highly reproducible and comfortable. Although the follow-up period was relatively short, FSRT is considered to be a safe an effective radiation technique as the treatment of intracranial tumor. But the fractionation schedule(fraction size, overall treatment time and total dose) still remains to be solved by further clinical trials.

  13. Identification of the benign mesenchymal tumor gene HMGA2 in lymphangiomyomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Armiento, Jeanine; Imai, Kazushi; Schiltz, John; Kolesnekova, Natalya; Sternberg, David; Benson, Kathleen; Pardo, Annie; Selman, Moises; Smolarek, Theresa; Vundavalli, Murty; Sonnet, Joshua; Szabolcs, Matthias; Chada, Kiran

    2007-03-01

    The normal expression pattern of HMGA2, an architectural transcription factor, is primarily restricted to cells of the developing mesenchyme before their overt differentiation during organogenesis. A detailed in situ hybridization analysis showed that the undifferentiated mesoderm of the embryonic lung expressed Hmga2 but it was not expressed in the newborn or adult lung. Previously, HMGA2 was shown to be misexpressed in a number of benign, differentiated mesenchymal tumors including lipomas, uterine leiomyomas, and pulmonary chondroid hamartomas. Here, we show that HMGA2 is misexpressed in pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM), a severe disorder of unknown etiology consisting of lymphatic smooth muscle cell proliferation that results in the obstruction of airways, lymphatics, and vessels. Immunohistochemistry was done with antibodies to HMGA2 and revealed expression in lung tissue samples obtained from 21 patients with LAM. In contrast, HMGA2 was not expressed in sections of normal adult lung or other proliferative interstitial lung diseases, indicating that the expression of HMGA2 in LAM represents aberrant gene activation and is not due solely to an increase in cellular proliferation. In vivo studies in transgenic mice show that misexpression of HMGA2 in smooth muscle cells resulted in increased proliferation of these cells in the lung surrounding the epithelial cells. Therefore, similar to the other mesenchymal neoplasms, HMGA2 misexpression in the smooth muscle cell leads to abnormal proliferation and LAM tumorigenesis. These results suggest that HMGA2 plays a central role in the pathogenesis of LAM and is a potential candidate as a therapeutic target.

  14. Duodenum-preserving resection and Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy in benign pancreatic head tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Chun-Hui; Tao, Ming; Jia, Yi-Mu; Xiong, Jing-Wei; Zhang, Tong-Lin; Xiu, Dian-Rong

    2014-11-28

    This study was conducted to explore the feasibility of partial pancreatic head resection and Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy for the treatment of benign tumors of the pancreatic head (BTPH). From November 2006 to February 2009, four patients (three female and one male) with a mean age of 34.3 years (range: 21-48 years) underwent partial pancreatic head resection and Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy for the treatment of BTPH (diameters of 3.2-4.5 cm) using small incisions (5.1-7.2 cm). Preoperative symptoms include one case of repeated upper abdominal pain, one case of drowsiness and two cases with no obvious preoperative symptoms. All four surgeries were successfully performed. The mean operative time was 196.8 min (range 165-226 min), and average blood loss was 138.0 mL (range: 82-210 mL). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.5 d (range: 7-8 d). In one case, the main pancreatic duct was injured. Pathological examination confirmed that one patient suffered from mucinous cystadenoma, one exhibited insulinoma, and two patients had solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms. There were no deaths or complications observed during the perioperative period. All patients had no signs of recurrence of the BTPH within a follow-up period of 48-76 mo and had good quality of life without diabetes. Partial pancreatic head resection with Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy is feasible in selected patients with BTPH.

  15. Uptake of 153Sm-EDTMP in normal, benign and malignant tumor tissue

    CERN Document Server

    Riegel, A

    2001-01-01

    The present study was designed to investigate and compare the uptake of 153Sm-EDTMP (153Samarium-ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonate)and 99mTc-DPD (99mTechnetium-dicarboxypropane diphosphonate) into different soft tissue sarcoma cell lines and various tissue specimen in vitro. After 10-120 minutes of incubation at 22 sup o C and 37 sup o C with 153Sm-EDTMP, the uptake kinetics of this tracer in human soft tissue sarcoma cells SW 684 (fibrosarcoma) and SW 1353 (chondrosarcoma) were assessed. The uptake was temperature-dependent and higher into fibrosarcoma than in chondrosarconma. Normal bone tissue samples of rat and human were incubated with 153Sm-EDTMP and 99mTc-DPD. The uptake of 99mTc-DPD was higher than that of 153Sm-EDTMP. Various benign and malignant bone and soft tissue tumors and metastases of different primaries were treated in the same way. The uptake was generally very low, in the metastatic tissue specimen in part possibly due to their osteolytic character.

  16. [Psychosocial effects of plastic surgery reconstruction of the female breast following amputation for malignant/benign tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frischenschlager, O; Balogh, B; Predovic, M

    1990-11-01

    A total of 98 woman (malignant/benign tumors of the breast, mastectomy with/without subsequent reconstructive surgery as well as healthy controls) were examined in terms of subjective well-being, psychosomatic reaction patterns, subjective impairment due to mastectomy and satisfaction with the outcome of reconstructive surgery in this empiric retrospective study. In addition, numerous sociographic data were obtained. On the average, the examined women were satisfied with the outcome of reconstructive surgery and tended to be disappointed with regard to the desired psychosocial improvement. Objective tests demonstrate that subjective well-being was less favorable after reconstructive breast surgery than in women without reconstruction. In the group "benign tumor with subsequent reconstruction" the reaction to emotional strain was significantly more characterized by regressive behavior and withdrawal than in the group "benign tumor without reconstruction". In the group "malignant tumor with reconstruction" this difference was less pronounced. On the basis of these results we cannot confirm the assumption that reconstructive surgery of the breast has a supportive function.

  17. Wavelet-based 3D reconstruction of microcalcification clusters from two mammographic views: new evidence that fractal tumors are malignant and Euclidean tumors are benign.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kendra A Batchelder

    Full Text Available The 2D Wavelet-Transform Modulus Maxima (WTMM method was used to detect microcalcifications (MC in human breast tissue seen in mammograms and to characterize the fractal geometry of benign and malignant MC clusters. This was done in the context of a preliminary analysis of a small dataset, via a novel way to partition the wavelet-transform space-scale skeleton. For the first time, the estimated 3D fractal structure of a breast lesion was inferred by pairing the information from two separate 2D projected mammographic views of the same breast, i.e. the cranial-caudal (CC and mediolateral-oblique (MLO views. As a novelty, we define the "CC-MLO fractal dimension plot", where a "fractal zone" and "Euclidean zones" (non-fractal are defined. 118 images (59 cases, 25 malignant and 34 benign obtained from a digital databank of mammograms with known radiologist diagnostics were analyzed to determine which cases would be plotted in the fractal zone and which cases would fall in the Euclidean zones. 92% of malignant breast lesions studied (23 out of 25 cases were in the fractal zone while 88% of the benign lesions were in the Euclidean zones (30 out of 34 cases. Furthermore, a Bayesian statistical analysis shows that, with 95% credibility, the probability that fractal breast lesions are malignant is between 74% and 98%. Alternatively, with 95% credibility, the probability that Euclidean breast lesions are benign is between 76% and 96%. These results support the notion that the fractal structure of malignant tumors is more likely to be associated with an invasive behavior into the surrounding tissue compared to the less invasive, Euclidean structure of benign tumors. Finally, based on indirect 3D reconstructions from the 2D views, we conjecture that all breast tumors considered in this study, benign and malignant, fractal or Euclidean, restrict their growth to 2-dimensional manifolds within the breast tissue.

  18. Wavelet-based 3D reconstruction of microcalcification clusters from two mammographic views: new evidence that fractal tumors are malignant and Euclidean tumors are benign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batchelder, Kendra A; Tanenbaum, Aaron B; Albert, Seth; Guimond, Lyne; Kestener, Pierre; Arneodo, Alain; Khalil, Andre

    2014-01-01

    The 2D Wavelet-Transform Modulus Maxima (WTMM) method was used to detect microcalcifications (MC) in human breast tissue seen in mammograms and to characterize the fractal geometry of benign and malignant MC clusters. This was done in the context of a preliminary analysis of a small dataset, via a novel way to partition the wavelet-transform space-scale skeleton. For the first time, the estimated 3D fractal structure of a breast lesion was inferred by pairing the information from two separate 2D projected mammographic views of the same breast, i.e. the cranial-caudal (CC) and mediolateral-oblique (MLO) views. As a novelty, we define the "CC-MLO fractal dimension plot", where a "fractal zone" and "Euclidean zones" (non-fractal) are defined. 118 images (59 cases, 25 malignant and 34 benign) obtained from a digital databank of mammograms with known radiologist diagnostics were analyzed to determine which cases would be plotted in the fractal zone and which cases would fall in the Euclidean zones. 92% of malignant breast lesions studied (23 out of 25 cases) were in the fractal zone while 88% of the benign lesions were in the Euclidean zones (30 out of 34 cases). Furthermore, a Bayesian statistical analysis shows that, with 95% credibility, the probability that fractal breast lesions are malignant is between 74% and 98%. Alternatively, with 95% credibility, the probability that Euclidean breast lesions are benign is between 76% and 96%. These results support the notion that the fractal structure of malignant tumors is more likely to be associated with an invasive behavior into the surrounding tissue compared to the less invasive, Euclidean structure of benign tumors. Finally, based on indirect 3D reconstructions from the 2D views, we conjecture that all breast tumors considered in this study, benign and malignant, fractal or Euclidean, restrict their growth to 2-dimensional manifolds within the breast tissue.

  19. Wavelet-Based 3D Reconstruction of Microcalcification Clusters from Two Mammographic Views: New Evidence That Fractal Tumors Are Malignant and Euclidean Tumors Are Benign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batchelder, Kendra A.; Tanenbaum, Aaron B.; Albert, Seth; Guimond, Lyne; Kestener, Pierre; Arneodo, Alain; Khalil, Andre

    2014-01-01

    The 2D Wavelet-Transform Modulus Maxima (WTMM) method was used to detect microcalcifications (MC) in human breast tissue seen in mammograms and to characterize the fractal geometry of benign and malignant MC clusters. This was done in the context of a preliminary analysis of a small dataset, via a novel way to partition the wavelet-transform space-scale skeleton. For the first time, the estimated 3D fractal structure of a breast lesion was inferred by pairing the information from two separate 2D projected mammographic views of the same breast, i.e. the cranial-caudal (CC) and mediolateral-oblique (MLO) views. As a novelty, we define the “CC-MLO fractal dimension plot”, where a “fractal zone” and “Euclidean zones” (non-fractal) are defined. 118 images (59 cases, 25 malignant and 34 benign) obtained from a digital databank of mammograms with known radiologist diagnostics were analyzed to determine which cases would be plotted in the fractal zone and which cases would fall in the Euclidean zones. 92% of malignant breast lesions studied (23 out of 25 cases) were in the fractal zone while 88% of the benign lesions were in the Euclidean zones (30 out of 34 cases). Furthermore, a Bayesian statistical analysis shows that, with 95% credibility, the probability that fractal breast lesions are malignant is between 74% and 98%. Alternatively, with 95% credibility, the probability that Euclidean breast lesions are benign is between 76% and 96%. These results support the notion that the fractal structure of malignant tumors is more likely to be associated with an invasive behavior into the surrounding tissue compared to the less invasive, Euclidean structure of benign tumors. Finally, based on indirect 3D reconstructions from the 2D views, we conjecture that all breast tumors considered in this study, benign and malignant, fractal or Euclidean, restrict their growth to 2-dimensional manifolds within the breast tissue. PMID:25222610

  20. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Lung and the Maxillary Region: A Benign Lesion with Aggressive Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Gallego

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT is a rare mass-forming lesion characterized by fibroblastic or myofibroblastic spindle cell proliferation with varying degrees of inflammatory cell infiltration. Although it has been reported in virtually every organ in the body, the lung is the most common site of involvement. Extrapulmonary IMTs, although rare, have been reported and are characterized by different, more aggressive behavior. We report an extremely rare case of maxillary metastases of pulmonary IMT. Lung IMT was initially misdiagnosed, and oral lesion mimicked clinically and radiologically a radicular cyst. On histologic examination, cells exhibited diffuse and intense immunoreactivity for α-smooth muscle actin and vimentin whereas both pulmonary and oral IMTs presented absence of cellular atypia and lack of expressivity of oncogenic determinants. Distant metastases of lung IMT are extremely unusual, and this is the first report to our knowledge with this particular clinical course. Despite the possibility that the present case could also represent a metachronous multifocal IMT, with pulmonary and extrapulmonary lesions, similar histopathological and immunohistochemical patterns in lung and maxillary region suggest a metastatic course.

  1. Sporadic Endolymphatic Sac Tumor-A Very Rare Cause of Hearing Loss, Tinnitus, and Dizziness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schnack, Didde Trærup; Kiss, Katalin; Hansen, Søren

    2017-01-01

    Sporadic endolymphatic sac tumor is a very rare neoplasm. It is low malignant, locally destructive and expansive, but non-metastasizing. The tumor is very rare in the sporadic form, but more often associated with Von Hippel-Lindau disease. A 65-year old man with left sided tinnitus and hearing loss......-operative freeze-microscopy showed inflammation tissue, whereas subsequent microscopy showed papillary-cystic endolymphatic sac tumor. Endolymphatic sac tumor is a rare neoplasm. The tumor may present with asymmetrically sensory neural hearing loss with or without tinnitus, dizziness and facial nerve paresis...

  2. A rare presentation of malignant phyllodes tumor with bloody nipple discharge-report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei-Hsin

    2017-08-01

    Phyllodes tumor of the breast is a rare neoplasm, particularly in young women. It is usually presented as a unilateral palpable mass and nipple discharge presented as a symptom is rare. We reported a 22-year-old Taiwanese woman in our hospital for right breast tumor with nipple discharge. Preoperative diagnosis was intraductal papilloma but the histological examination showed a malignant phyllodes tumor with intraductal growth. Symptom of nipple discharge and intraductal growth in phyllodes tumor are rare presentations. Therefore, the management and the biological behavior of this uncommon tumor are discussed in this patient.

  3. The Physician Tendency in Stereotactic Radiosurgery Dose Prescription in Benign Intracranial Tumor at dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Kodrat

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS is one of the treatment modalities for benign intra-cranial tumor, especiallyfor the tumor located next to the critical neural structure. The prescribed dose for radiosurgery depends onthe maximal tumor diameter and surrounding normal tissue tolerance dose. This cross sectional study wasconducted to evaluate the physician’s tendency in radiosurgery dose prescription. We observed treatmentplanning data of 32 patients with benign intra-cranial tumor, which had been treated with SRS at Dr. CiptoMangunkusumo National Hospital in 2009-2010. The peripheral dose, organ at risk (OAR dose limitiationand maximum tumor diameter were recorded. We compared our SRS dose with dose limitation, whichallowed safer dosing based on maximal tumor diameter perspective and the nearest OAR dose constraint.From maximal tumor diameter perspective, we prescribed mean±SD radiosurgery doses, which were11.63±2.21Gy, 10.21±1.29Gy and 9.88±1.07Gy for the tumor size ≤2cm, 2.01-3cm and 3,01-4cm respectively.Our radiosurgery dose was the lowest than dose limitation based on the nearest OAR perspective, followedby maximal tumor diameter perspective. It was concluded that radiosurgery dose had the tendency to beinfluenced by surrounding healthy tissue tolerance rather than maximal tumor diameter. Keywords: stereotactic, radiosurgery, benign tumor, dose.   Kecenderungan Dokter dalam Menentukan Dosis StereotacticRadiosurgery untuk Tumor Jinak Intrakranial diRSUP Nasional dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo, Jakarta Abstrak Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS merupakan salah satu modalitas pengobatan tumor jinak intra-kranialterutama untuk tumor yang berdekatan dengan struktur saraf penting. Penentuan dosis pada radiosurgerytergantung pada diameter tumor maksimal dan dosis toleransi jaringan sehat sekitarnya. Penelitian inidilakukan untuk mengevaluasi kecenderungan dokter dalam menentukan dosis radiosurgery. Penelitian crosssectional ini mengevaluasi data

  4. Importance of P53, Ki-67 expression in the differential diagnosis of benign/malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast

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    Ulku Kucuk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Conventionally growth pattern, stromal overgrowth, stromal cellularity and stromal mitotic activity are the main parameters in the grading of phyllodes tumors (PTs. Recent studies revealed that both p53 and Ki-67 expressions are correlated with grade of PTs of the breast. Expression of hormone receptors and overexpression/amplification of HER2 has been studied in PTs to discover the roles of these markers as new treatment modalities. Materials and Method: We studied 26 PT cases. Seventeen benign and nine malignant PTs were re-evaluated as regards stromal cellularity mitotic activity, p53/Ki-67 expression rates and the relation between these parameters. Estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor (ER, PR positivity were determined by counting nuclear staining in five high-power fields. Also, the presence of any HER2 staining and staining patterns were documanted. Results: Stromal cellularity, mitotic rate, p53 and Ki-67 expression rates were all correlated with benign and malignant histologic subgroups (P = 0.000-0.001. Ki-67 and p53 expressions were statistically significantly correlated with histologic subgroups, stromal cellularity and mitotic rate (P < 0.005. ER and PR expressions in the epithelial component were not statistically significant between the two groups. HER2 showed different staining patterns in the epithelial component, and there was no staining in the stromal component. Conclusion: Ki-67 and p53 expression rates were statistically significantly correlated with grade of mammary PTs; therefore, they can be used in the determination of tumor grade, especially for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant tumors. Malignant and benign tumors did not differ significantly in terms of hormone receptor and HER2 expression. HER2 expression showed different patterns in the epithelial component of the PTs.

  5. The Rare Malignancy of the Hepatobiliary System: Ampullary Carcinoid Tumor

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    Mustafa Ozsoy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Carcinoid tumors are low-grade tumors originating from endoderm and mostly involving the gastrointestinal system. However; they may be seen in any site within the gastrointestinal system. Case Presentation. A 69-year-old female patient. The results of blood tests were observed to be consistent with obstructive jaundice. A mass appearance was not encountered on tomographic examination. Papilla that was tumor-like macroscopically was seen in the second part of the duodenum in diagnostic endoscopy. Pylorus—preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy surgical procedure was applied. On pathological examination of the mass, a tumoral mass was detected in ampulla vateri localization, 1.5 × 1 × 0.8 cm in size, which, in immunohistochemical staining, was evaluated as a neuroendocrine tumor. Also, Metastasis was observed. Conclusion. The rarest type of carcinoid tumor is ampullary located carcinoid tumor, and tumor size is not a reliable indicator for tumor aggressivity in ampullary carcinoid tumors.

  6. Clinical efficacy and safety of surface imaging guided radiosurgery (SIG-RS) in the treatment of benign skull base tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Steven K M; Patel, Kunal; Kim, Teddy; Knipprath, Erik; Kim, Gwe-Ya; Cerviño, Laura I; Lawson, Joshua D; Murphy, Kevin T; Sanghvi, Parag; Carter, Bob S; Chen, Clark C

    2017-04-01

    Frameless, surface imaging guided radiosurgery (SIG-RS) is a novel platform for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) wherein patient positioning is monitored in real-time through infra-red camera tracking of facial topography. Here we describe our initial clinical experience with SIG-RS for the treatment of benign neoplasms of the skull base. We identified 48 patients with benign skull base tumors consecutively treated with SIG-RS at a single institution between 2009 and 2011. Patients were diagnosed with meningioma (n = 22), vestibular schwannoma (n = 20), or nonfunctional pituitary adenoma (n = 6). Local control and treatment-related toxicity were retrospectively assessed. Median follow-up was 65 months (range 61-72 months). Prescription doses were 12-13 Gy in a single fraction (n = 18), 8 Gy × 3 fractions (n = 6), and 5 Gy × 5 fractions (n = 24). Actuarial tumor control rate at 5 years was 98%. No grade ≥3 treatment-related toxicity was observed. Grade ≤2 toxicity was associated with symptomatic lesions (p = 0.049) and single fraction treatment (p = 0.005). SIG-RS for benign skull base tumors produces clinical outcomes comparable to conventional frame-based SRS techniques while enhancing patient comfort.

  7. High milk consumption does not affect prostate tumor progression in two mouse models of benign and neoplastic lesions.

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    Sophie Bernichtein

    Full Text Available Epidemiological studies that have investigated whether dairy (mainly milk diets are associated with prostate cancer risk have led to controversial conclusions. In addition, no existing study clearly evaluated the effects of dairy/milk diets on prostate tumor progression, which is clinically highly relevant in view of the millions of men presenting with prostate pathologies worldwide, including benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH or high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN. We report here a unique interventional animal study to address this issue. We used two mouse models of fully penetrant genetically-induced prostate tumorigenesis that were investigated at the stages of benign hyperplasia (probasin-Prl mice, Pb-Prl or pre-cancerous PIN lesions (KIMAP mice. Mice were fed high milk diets (skim or whole for 15 to 27 weeks of time depending on the kinetics of prostate tumor development in each model. Prostate tumor progression was assessed by tissue histopathology examination, epithelial proliferation, stromal inflammation and fibrosis, tumor invasiveness potency and expression of various tumor markers relevant for each model (c-Fes, Gprc6a, activated Stat5 and p63. Our results show that high milk consumption (either skim or whole did not promote progression of existing prostate tumors when assessed at early stages of tumorigenesis (hyperplasia and neoplasia. For some parameters, and depending on milk type, milk regimen could even exhibit slight protective effects towards prostate tumor progression by decreasing the expression of tumor-related markers like Ki-67 and Gprc6a. In conclusion, our study suggests that regular milk consumption should not be considered detrimental for patients presenting with early-stage prostate tumors.

  8. Differentiation of large (≥5 cm) gastrointestinal stromal tumors from benign subepithelial tumors in the stomach: Radiologists’ performance using CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Ye Ra [Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Se Hyung, E-mail: shkim7071@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); The Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sun-Ah [Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Cheong-il [Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); The Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyung Jin; Kim, Seong Ho [Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); Han, Joon Koo; Choi, Byung Ihn [Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); The Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: To identify significant CT findings for the differentiation of large (≥5 cm) gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) from benign subepithelial tumors and to assess whether radiologists’ performance in differentiation is improved with knowledge of significant CT criteria. Materials and methods: One-hundred twenty patients with pathologically proven large (≥5 cm) GISTs (n = 99), schwannomas (n = 16), and leiomyomas (n = 5) who underwent CT were enrolled. Two radiologists (A and B) retrospectively reviewed their CT images in consensus for the location, size, degree and pattern of enhancement, contour, growth pattern and the presence of calcification, necrosis, surface ulceration, or enlarged lymph nodes. CT findings considered significant for differentiation were determined using uni- and multivariate statistical analyses. Thereafter, two successive review sessions for the differentiation of GIST from non-GIST were independently performed by two other reviewers (C and D) with different expertise of 2 and 9 years using a 5-point confidence scale. At the first session, reviewers interpreted CT images without knowledge of significant CT findings. At the second session, the results of statistical analyses were provided to the reviewers. To assess improvement in radiologists’ performance, a pairwise comparison of receiver operating curves (ROC) was performed. Results: Heterogeneous enhancement, presence of necrosis, absence of lymph nodes, and mean size of ≥6 cm were found to be significant for differentiating GIST from schwannoma (P < 0.05). Non-cardial location, heterogeneous enhancement, and presence of necrosis were differential CT features of GIST from leiomyoma (P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses indicated that absence of enlarged LNs was the only statistically significant variable for GIST differentiating from schwannoma. The area under the curve of both reviewers obtained using ROC significantly increased from 0.682 and 0.613 to 0.903 and 0

  9. Osteoblastomatosis of bone. A benign, multifocal osteoblastic lesion, distinct from osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, radiologically simulating a vascular tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kyriakos, Michael [Washington University School of Medicine, Division of Surgical Pathology, Campus Box 8118, St. Louis, MO (United States); El-Khoury, Georges Y. [University of Iowa, Department of Radiology, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver School of Medicine, Iowa City, IA (United States); McDonald, Douglas J. [Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Louis, MO (United States); Buckwalter, Joseph A. [University of Iowa, Department of Orthopaedics, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver School of Medicine, Iowa City, IA (United States); Sundaram, Murali [Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Department of Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States); DeYoung, Barry [University of Iowa, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Iowa City, IA (United States); O' Brien, Michael P. [University of Wisconsin Hospital, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States)

    2007-03-15

    Two adult patients are described with multifocal osteolytic lesions radiologically simulating a vascular tumor. One patient had multiple bones involved. Histologically, the individual lesions had the features of the nidus of osteoid osteoma/osteoblastoma. A review of the English language medical literature yielded only one other reported case with similar features. The process is designated as osteoblastomatosis to indicate its bone-forming character, prominent osteoblast proliferation, and multiplicity. The cases are distinguished from multifocal/multicentric osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, and from benign and malignant vascular tumors. (orig.)

  10. Neuroendocrine tumor imaging with 68Ga-DOTA-NOC: physiologic and benign variants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagna, Olga; Pirmisashvili, Natalia; Tshori, Sagi; Freedman, Nanette; Israel, Ora; Krausz, Yodphat

    2014-12-01

    Imaging with (68)Ga-labeled 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-octreotide analogs has become an important modality in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). In addition to high uptake in NET lesions, prominent physiologic radiotracer activity has been reported in the pituitary gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, liver, and spleen, and faint activity has been reported in the thyroid and gastrointestinal tract. This article describes previously unknown sites of 68Ga-DOTA-1-NaI3-octreotide (NOC) uptake unrelated to NETs. One hundred eighty-two patients (96 female and 86 male patients; age range, 4-89 years) with documented (n=156) or suspected (n=26) NETs underwent 207 68Ga-DOTA-NOC PET/CT studies. Studies were retrospectively reviewed for the presence, intensity, and localization of foci of increased uptake that were further correlated with findings on additional imaging studies and clinical follow-up for a period of 4-32 months. Uptake of 68Ga-DOTA-NOC not identified as NET or known physiologic activity was detected in 297 sites with confirmation in 149 of 207 studies (72%). The most common location of non-NET-related 68Ga-DOTA-NOC-avid sites was in small lymph nodes, followed by prostate, uterus, breasts, lungs, brown fat, musculoskeletal system, and other sites, including oropharynx, pineal body, thymus, aortic plaque, genitalia, surgical bed, and subcutaneous granuloma. Intensity of uptake in non-NET-related 68Ga-DOTA-NOC-avid sites ranged in maximum standardized uptake value from 0.8 to 10.5. Previously unreported benign sites of 68Ga-DOTA-NOC uptake were found in the majority of studies, suggesting the presence of somatostatin receptors in physiologic variants or processes with no evidence of tumor. Knowledge of increased tracer uptake in non-NET-related sites is important for accurate interpretation and for avoiding potential pitfalls of 68Ga-DOTA-NOC PET/CT.

  11. Myxoid Neurothekeoma: A Rare Soft Tissue Tumor of Hand in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Neurothekeomas are rare benign neoplasms, typically occurring in young patients with a remarkable predilection for the female population. Patients usually present with a small nodule in different anatomical sites, commonly involving the face and the upper limb. We report a case of a three.year.old boy, who presented with ...

  12. Cerebellar metastases of recurrent phyllodes tumor breast; a rare phenomenon reflecting the unpredictable outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Jyotsna; Majumdar, Kaushik; Gupta, Rahul; Batra, Vineeta Vijay

    2015-01-01

    Carcinomas of lung, breast, colon, kidney, and malignant melanomas are the most common malignancies that metastasize to the central nervous system (CNS). Phyllodes tumor is a rare fibroepithelial tumor of the breast, often having unpredictable recurrences, with increasing histological grade and distant metastasis. Malignant forms exist, which may develop distant metastases usually to the lung, pleura, bone, and liver. CNS metastasis of phyllodes tumor is rare and associated with a poor prognosis, with resistance to chemotherapy and radiation. We present a rare case of cerebellar metastasis in recurrent phyllodes tumor breast with subsequent rapid downhill course.

  13. A Rare Case of Mesenteric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) are rare tumours arising from mesenchyme of gastrointestinal tract and overexpress C-kit protein. Mainly seen in stomach and small bowel. Mesenteric GIST are rarely reported as they constitute less than 1% of total GIST. We here report such a rare case of GIST arising from ...

  14. DNA Cytometry and Nuclear Morphometry in Ovarian Benign, Borderline and Malignant Tumors

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    Amina A. Gamal el Din

    2015-10-01

    CONCLUSION: We suggest that DNA ploidy and nuclear area combined, may be adjuncts to histopathology; in ovarian serous and mucinous benign, borderline and malignant neoplasms; identifying the aggressive borderline tumours.

  15. Molecular genetic changes in benign colorectal tumors synchronous with microsatellite unstable carcinomas do not support a field defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zauber, Peter; Marotta, Stephen; Sabbath-Solitare, Marlene

    2017-01-01

    Background: A colorectal cancer may develop through a particular molecular genetic pathway, raising the question of whether the particular molecular changes are random, or are unique to the particular segment of colon. We wanted to determine whether molecular changes found within a colorectal cancer might also be detected in separate adenomas and polyps removed from the same area of colon at surgery. Microsatellite instability was chosen as a marker for a pathway of colon carcinogenesis. Methods: We studied a total of 46 primary colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability and 77 synchronous adenomas and polyps. All tumors were evaluated for microsatellite instability, BRAF and KRAS mutations, and methylation using standard polymerase chain reaction based methods. Results: Forty-nine benign tumors did not follow a pathway similar to that of their 31 synchronous primary cancers. For two distinct subsets of the microsatellite unstable colorectal cancers, those with acquired methylation and BRAF mutation, and those without methylation suggestive of an underlying germ line mutation, the molecular changes in the majority of their synchronous benign tumors were different from the colorectal cancer. Conclusions: These differences suggest a stochastic process within the colon regarding the particular molecular carcinogenic pathways followed by the synchronous tumors, rather than a ‘field defect’ within the colon segments. Variability in molecular findings was present for colorectal cancers arising from acquired methylation, as well as those cancers suggestive of a germ line origin. PMID:28694923

  16. CARCINOID TUMOR OF THE DUODENUM: a rare tumor at an unusual site. Case series from a single institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaques WAISBERG

    2013-03-01

    disease. Only one (5% patient died due to liver metastases of the duodenal carcinoid. Conclusions Duodenal carcinoids are rare and indolent tumors usually associated with a benign progression. Duodenoscopy, computerized tomography, and endoscopic ultrasound should be performed to evaluate the tumor size, the level of wall invasion, and the presence of regional or distant lymphatic metastases. Endoscopic removal of tumors smaller than 1.0 cm without periampullary localization or evidence of muscular propria layer invasion assessed by histology and/or endoscopic ultrasound is recommended. The endoscopic resection with a carcinoid tumor size between 1.0 cm and 2.0 cm can be incomplete and require new endoscopic resection or even surgical removal. Duodenal carcinoid larger than 2.0 cm require full-thickness resection and concomitant lymphadenectomy. Contexto Carcinoides duodenais são extremamente raros e as características e o comportamento biológico dessa neoplasia permanecem indefinidos. Objetivo Analisar as características clinicopatológicas de doentes com carcinoide duodenal ressecado. Métodos Vinte doentes (12 mulheres e 8 homens foram estudados. A média de idade dos doentes foi de 66,4 ± 5,8 anos (43 a 88 anos. Os dados do quadro clínico, diagnóstico, tratamento e prognóstico dos doentes com tumor carcinoide do duodeno submetidos a ressecção da lesão no período de 18 anos (1993-2011 foram analisados. Resultados Os sintomas mais frequentes foram dispepsia (50% e epigastralgia (45%, seguidos por perda de peso (10% e vômitos (5%. Não foram observados doentes com síndrome carcinoide. A lesão estava localizada na primeira porção do duodeno em 15 (75% pacientes, na segunda porção em 4 (20% e na terceira porção em 1 (5%. O diagnóstico de tumor carcinoide foi estabelecido pela biopsia endoscópica excisional em 19 (95% pacientes e pelo exame histopatológico da peça cirúrgica em um (5%. O tamanho médio dos tumores foi de 1,1 cm ± 0,4

  17. Follicular Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor in Mandible: A Rare ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    multicystic ameloblastoma.[2]. WHO in 1971 adopted the term “adenomatoid odontogenic tumor” proposed by Philipsen and Birn[3,4] and defined the lesion as, “a tumor of odontogenic epithelium with duct-like structures and with varying degrees of inductive changes in the connective tissue. The tumor may be partly cystic, ...

  18. [Use of a xenoimplant for the treatment of bone defects, benign tumors, pseudoarthrosis and arthrodesis. Preliminary report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cueva del Castillo, J Fernando; Francisco Osuna, J; Elizondo, F; Pérez, O; Pérez, A; Hernández, Sergio; Mejía, Carlos

    2007-01-01

    To show that the ceramic produced at the Institute for Materials Research, National Autonomous University of Mexico, is an appropriate replacement of bone graft in patients with bone tumors, benign tumors, pseudoarthrosis and arthrodesis treated at "General Ignacio Zaragoza" Regional Hospital. An experimental, longitudinal study using bovine ceramic xenoimplants in patients covered by the Security and Social Services Institute for Civil Servants (ISSSTE), regardless of age and gender, all of whom consented to receiving the ceramic xenoimplant. Patients who did not consent or who discontinued treatment were excluded. A total of 24 patients were enrolled from March 1st to August 31st, 2006; two patients were withdrawn due to treatment discontinuation. They underwent X-ray evaluation of bone healing using the Montoya classification. The sample is composed of 14 male and 8 female patients, with a mean age of 46.6 years, and a standard deviation (s=) of 13.8. The most frequent indication was arthrodesis in 10 patients (45.45%), pseudoarthrosis in 6 (27.27%), benign tumors in 3 (13.63%), and bone defects in 3 (13.63%). Type II to type IV bone healing was observed in the sample. The use of ceramic xenoimplants is appropriate as a replacement of bone graft in patients with arthrodesis and bone defects, thus avoiding the need for autologous bone graft. This results in a decreased patient morbidity.

  19. Changes in Local Immunity Factors in Women with Pre-Existing Cervical Disease and Benign Ovarian Tumors

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    Nazar Matviykiv

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research was to study the indices of local immunity in relation to the hormonal state of the body in women with benign ovarian tumors and pre-existing cervical diseases. Materials and methods. The concentration of major gonadotropic and steroid hormones during the female ovarian and menstrual cycle, as well as individual local immunity factors of proinflammatory cytokines and secretory immunoglobulin A was studied in 40 patients with benign ovarian tumors and pre-existing cervical diseases. Results and discussion. In the second phase of the ovarian and menstrual cycle, a significant reduction (by 3.0 times in the concentration of progesterone and relative hypoestrogenism (by 1.5 times as compared to the control data were found. Anovulation was observed in 40.00% of cases and corpus luteum deficiency syndrome was diagnosed in 62.5% of women. The assessment of secretory immunoglobulin A concentration allowed us to note (along with the hypersecretion of proinflammatory cytokines an increase in this marker in half of the examined women in the presence of chronic cervicitis and vaginitis, candidiasis and viral lesion - along with the activation of proinflammatory cytokine depression of secretory immunoglobulin A synthesis as compared to the control data. Conclusions. Local immunity changes in women with benign ovarian tumors and pre-existing cervical diseases are accompanied by abnormalities of the hormonal profile and the association of maladaptive changes in the system of local immunity manifested by fluctuations in the level of secretory immunoglobulin A during the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle and an increase in proinflammatory cytokine synthesis. The results of the conducted study allowed us to note a significant increase in the concentration of secretory immunoglobulin A along with the activation of proinflammatory cytokine synthesis in most women with benign ovarian tumors and pre-existing cervical diseases which

  20. Squash preparation of a malignant triton tumor in a rare location

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    Sundaram Sandhya

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST are rare malignant mesenchymal neoplasms of neural origin. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors arising in a cranial nerve are rare with only a few cases being reported in literature. An MPNST with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation is also known as malignant triton tumor (MTT. MTT has a worse prognosis than the classic MPNST. The cytomorphological patterns of these tumors are insufficiently documented in literature. We present here the cytohistological features of an MPNST with focal rhabdomyomatous differentiation arising in the trigeminal nerve, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry.

  1. Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Rare Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-08

    Acinar Cell Carcinoma; Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma; Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma; Anal Canal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma; Anal Canal Undifferentiated Carcinoma; Appendix Mucinous Adenocarcinoma; Bartholin Gland Transitional Cell Carcinoma; Bladder Adenocarcinoma; Cervical Adenocarcinoma; Cholangiocarcinoma; Chordoma; Colorectal Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Dermoid Cyst; Endometrial Transitional Cell Carcinoma; Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma; Esophageal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma; Esophageal Undifferentiated Carcinoma; Extrahepatic Bile Duct Carcinoma; Fallopian Tube Adenocarcinoma; Fallopian Tube Transitional Cell Carcinoma; Fibromyxoid Tumor; Gastric Neuroendocrine Carcinoma; Gastric Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Giant Cell Carcinoma; Intestinal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma; Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma; Lung Carcinoid Tumor; Lung Sarcomatoid Carcinoma; Major Salivary Gland Carcinoma; Malignant Odontogenic Neoplasm; Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Malignant Testicular Sex Cord-Stromal Tumor; Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm of Unknown Primary Origin; Minimally Invasive Lung Adenocarcinoma; Mixed Mesodermal (Mullerian) Tumor; Mucinous Adenocarcinoma; Mucinous Cystadenocarcinoma; Nasal Cavity Adenocarcinoma; Nasal Cavity Carcinoma; Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma; Nasopharyngeal Papillary Adenocarcinoma; Nasopharyngeal Undifferentiated Carcinoma; Oral Cavity Carcinoma; Oropharyngeal Undifferentiated Carcinoma; Ovarian Adenocarcinoma; Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Ovarian Mucinous Adenocarcinoma; Ovarian Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Ovarian Transitional Cell Carcinoma; Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma; Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma; Paraganglioma; Paranasal Sinus Adenocarcinoma; Paranasal Sinus Carcinoma; Parathyroid Gland Carcinoma; Pituitary Gland Carcinoma; Placental Choriocarcinoma; Placental-Site Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor; Primary Peritoneal High Grade Serous Adenocarcinoma; Pseudomyxoma Peritonei; Scrotal Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Seminal Vesicle Adenocarcinoma; Seminoma; Serous

  2. FDG PET/CT appearance of portal vein tumor thrombus in the gastric primitive neuroectodermal tumor: uncommon primary tumor site with rare finding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aras, Mustafa; Dede, Fuat; Dane, Faysal; Aktas, Bilge; Turoglu, Halil Turgut

    2013-01-01

    Gastric primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is a very rare tumor. There are only a few case reports in the literature. Although cases with FDG uptake in the portal venous tumor thrombus (PVTT) in different primary malignancies have been evaluated before, the coexistence of PNET and PVTT has not been reported yet. Herein, we report the case of a gastric PNET with PVTT, which resolved after 3 cycles of polychemotherapy except for a residual tumor focus in the gastric corpus.

  3. Indicação e tratamento dos tumores benignos do fígado Indication and treatment of benign hepatic tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio Cezar Uili Coelho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os tumores hepáticos benignos ocorrem em 9% da população. A grande maioria dessas neoplasias é diagnosticada em pacientes assintomáticos durante a realização de exames de imagem de rotina. OBJETIVO: Apresentar os principais aspectos das indicações e tratamento dos tumores hepáticos benignos. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada revisão de literatura baseada em pesquisa no PubMed, Bireme e Scielo cruzando os descritores neoplasia hepática, hemangioma, adenoma e hiperplasia nodular focal. Foram selecionados, estudos de técnicas cirúrgicas e acrescentada a experiência dos autores. O hemangioma é o tumor hepático mais comum, sendo identificado entre 5% e 7% das necropsias. É mais comum nas mulheres entre as 3ª e 5ª décadas da vida e pode aumentar de tamanho na gravidez e com a administração de estrogênios. Apesar de não estabelecida, a sua causa está relacionada com os hormônios sexuais. As complicações incluem inflamação, coagulopatia, sangramento e compressão de estruturas vizinhas. Rotura espontânea é excepcional, com somente 35 casos descritos na literatura internacional. O adenoma e a hiperplasia nodular focal predominam no sexo feminino e na faixa etária de 20 a 40 anos. Enquanto o primeiro requer ressecção hepática pelo risco de sangramento e malignização, o segundo deve ter conduta expectante. CONCLUSÕES: Os tumores hepáticos benignos mais comuns são em ordem decrescente de frequência o hemangioma, hiperplasia nodular focal e o adenoma. A diferenciação entre tumores benignos e malignos é geralmente realizada com segurança com base nos dados clínicos e nos exames de imagem. O hemangioma e a hiperplasia nodular focal geralmente tem conduta expectante, enquanto que o adenoma requer ressecção pelo risco de hemorragia e de transformação em carcinoma.BACKGROUND: Benign hepatic tumors occur in 9% of the population. The majority is diagnosed in asymptomatic patients during routine imaging exams

  4. Leiomyosarcoma of intravascular origin - a rare tumor entity: clinical pathological study of twelve cases

    OpenAIRE

    Steinau Hans U; Stricker Ingo; Goertz Ole; Ring Andrej; Hauser Joerg; Tilkorn Daniel J.; Kuhnen Cornelius

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Leiomysarcoma of intravascular origin is an exceedingly rare entity of malignant soft tissue tumors. They are most frequently encountered in the retroperitoneum arising from the inferior vena cava and are scarcely found to arise from vessels of the extremities. These tumors were analysed with particular reference to treatment outcome and prognosis. The aim of this article is to broaden the knowledge of the clinical course of this rare malignancy. Method During 2000 and 200...

  5. Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Rajendra Reddy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI is a relatively uncommon osteolytic-pigmented neoplasm that primarily affects the jaws of infants. The early onset and its rapid disfiguring spread necessitate early diagnosis. A 4-month-old male child reported with the complaint of swelling in the right back tooth region of the upper jaw, which rapidly increased in size causing disfigurement of the face. Radiographic examination showed a diffuse osteolytic radiolucent lesion in the right maxilla and displacement and dysmorphic changes in the developing primary tooth buds. Wide surgical excision was performed under general anesthesia. Histopathological report revealed characteristic large pigmented epitheloid cells (melanocyte like cells. The biphasic tumor cell population arranged in a background of fibrous connective tissue stroma is suggestive of MNTI involving the cancellous bone. Early diagnosis and management of such aggressive tumors precludes significant morbidity of the patient.

  6. Networking for ovarian rare tumors: a significant breakthrough improving disease management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiannilkulchai, N; Pautier, P; Genestie, C; Bats, A S; Vacher-Lavenu, M C; Devouassoux-Shisheboran, M; Treilleux, I; Floquet, A; Croce, S; Ferron, G; Mery, E; Pomel, C; Penault-Llorca, F; Lefeuvre-Plesse, C; Henno, S; Leblanc, E; Lemaire, A S; Averous, G; Kurtz, J E; Ray-Coquard, I

    2017-06-01

    Rare ovarian tumors represent >20% of all ovarian cancers. Given the rarity of these tumors, natural history, prognostic factors are not clearly identified. The extreme variability of patients (age, histological subtypes, stage) induces multiple and complex therapeutic strategies. Since 2011, a national network with a dedicated system for referral, up to 22 regional and three national reference centers (RC) has been supported by the French National Cancer Institute (INCa). The network aims to prospectively monitor the management of rare ovarian tumors and provide an equal access to medical expertise and innovative treatments to all French patients through a dedicated website, www.ovaire-rare.org. Over a 5-year activity, 4612 patients have been included. Patients' inclusions increased from 553 in 2011 to 1202 in 2015. Expert pathology review and patients' files discussion in dedicated multidisciplinary tumor boards increased from 166 cases in 2011 (25%) to 538 (45%) in 2015. Pathology review consistently modified the medical strategy in 5-9% every year. The rate of patients' files discussed in RC similarly increased from 294 (53%) to 789 (66%). An increasing number (357 in 5 years) of gynecologic (non-ovarian) rare tumors were also registered by physicians seeking for pathological or medical advice from expert tumor boards. Such a nation-wide organization for rare gynecological tumors has invaluable benefits, not only for patients, but also for epidemiological, clinical and biological research.

  7. Dynamic Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) and Diffusion Weighted MR Imaging (DWI) for Differentiation between Benign and Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assili, S; Fathi Kazerooni, A; Aghaghazvini, L; Saligheh Rad, H R; Pirayesh Islamian, J

    2015-12-01

    Salivary gland tumors form nearly 3% of head and neck tumors. Due to their large histological variety and vicinity to facial nerves, pre-operative diagnosis and differentiation of benign and malignant parotid tumors are a major challenge for radiologists. The majority of these tumors are benign; however, sometimes they tend to transform into a malignant form. Functional MRI techniques, namely dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE-) MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) can indicate the characteristics of tumor tissue. DCE-MRI analysis is based on the parameters of time intensity curve (TIC) before and after contrast agent injection. This method has the potential to identify the angiogenesis of tumors. DWI analysis is performed according to diffusion of water molecules in a tissue for determination of the cellularity of tumors. According to the literature, these methods cannot be used individually to differentiate benign from malignant salivary gland tumors. An effective approach could be to combine the aforementioned methods to increase the accuracy of discrimination between different tumor types. The main objective of this study is to explore the application of DCE-MRI and DWI for assessment of salivary gland tumor types.

  8. Dynamic Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI and Diffusion Weighted MR Imaging (DWI for Differentiation between Benign and Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assili S

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Salivary gland tumors form nearly 3% of head and neck tumors. Due to their large histological variety and vicinity to facial nerves, pre-operative diagnosis and differentiation of benign and malignant parotid tumors are a major challenge for radiologists. Objective: The majority of these tumors are benign; however, sometimes they tend to transform into a malignant form. Functional MRI techniques, namely dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE- MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI can indicate the characteristics of tumor tissue. Methods: DCE-MRI analysis is based on the parameters of time intensity curve (TIC before and after contrast agent injection. This method has the potential to identify the angiogenesis of tumors. DWI analysis is performed according to diffusion of water molecules in a tissue for determination of the cellularity of tumors. Conclusion: According to the literature, these methods cannot be used individually to differentiate benign from malignant salivary gland tumors. An effective approach could be to combine the aforementioned methods to increase the accuracy of discrimination between different tumor types. The main objective of this study is to explore the application of DCE-MRI and DWI for assessment of salivary gland tumor types.

  9. Rare kidney tumor provides insight on metabolic changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Researchers in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Network have uncovered a number of new findings about the biology and development of a rare form of kidney cancer. They found that the disease – chromophobe renal cell carcinoma – stems in part from alteratio

  10. [Benign giant cell tumors associated with Paget's disease. Apropos of 1 case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloch-Michel, H; Benoist, M; Cophignon, J; Degott, C; Godefroy, Y; Weiss, A M; Rouvière, J

    1975-11-01

    The authors report the observation of two benign giant-cell tumours that developed in the cranium of Paget's disease patients. The two tumours were resected and cure was complete. Eighteen other cases of benign giant-cell tumours were found in the literature. All were discovered in relation to tumefaction occurring in an affected bone in a patient with generalized Paget's disease, often unrecognized. The tumours were usually unique although multiple tumours were found, with particular predilection for the bones of the cranium and the face. The radiological signs consisted of an osteolytic zone in an affected bone; there were no specific characteristics and it was not possible to distinguish the tumours from a malignant tumour. Diagnosis was based upon an anatomo-pathological examination. In the 18 cases in the literature, the benign caracter indicated by the biopsy was confirmed by the favourable evolution. In contrast in 17 other cases the atypical nature of the stroma, the irregular arrangement of the giant cells together with the occurrence of atypical mitoses and the abnormal character of the vascularization indicated straight away the malignant nature of the lesions, which was regularly and rapidly fatal.

  11. "MUCOEPIDERMOID CARCINOMA OF THE LARYNX: REPORT OF A RARE LARYNGEAL TUMOR"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Z. Madani-Kermani

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a neoplasm of salivary gland origin, and its laryngeal occurrence is extremely rare. This malignant tumor is composed of two distinct cell types, the epidermoid and mucus cells. Prognosis is largely dependent on the histologic pattern. In this report, an extremely rare laryngeal cancer and its clinicopathologic features are described.

  12. Isolated eyelid Schwannoma: A rare differential diagnosis of lid tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morsi, Nabila H; AlMansouri, Osama Samir; AlMansour, Ebrahim Mohammed

    2017-01-01

    Primary Schwannomas of the eyelid are extremely uncommon. It accounts for one percent of orbital tumors. We present a case of isolated eyelid Schwannoma in the lateral canthus of the left eye with no systemic diseases associated. Surgical excisional biopsy was done. In two years follow up, no recurrence or malignant conversion was detected.

  13. Isolated eyelid Schwannoma: A rare differential diagnosis of lid tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabila H. Morsi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Primary Schwannomas of the eyelid are extremely uncommon. It accounts for one percent of orbital tumors. We present a case of isolated eyelid Schwannoma in the lateral canthus of the left eye with no systemic diseases associated. Surgical excisional biopsy was done. In two years follow up, no recurrence or malignant conversion was detected.

  14. Genetic abnormality predicts benefit for a rare brain tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    A clinical trial has shown that addition of chemotherapy to radiation therapy leads to a near doubling of median survival time in patients with a form of brain tumor (oligodendroglioma) that carries a chromosomal abnormality called the 1p19q co-deletion.

  15. An Unusual Site of Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor Presenting as Periapical (Radicular Cyst: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Anand Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Here we are presenting a rare case report of an unusual site of extrafollicular adenomatoid odontogenic tumor in the mandible w.r.t 32, 33, 34 and 35 mimicking periapical disease clinical and radiographically. However, diagnosis of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor should be considered when the clinician is presented with a corticated radiolucency in the anterior lower jaw, especially in teens and young adults.

  16. Primary synchronous mesenteric neuroendocrine tumors: Report of a rare case with review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulata Manjunath Kamath

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Most neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are traditionally termed "carcinoid tumors." More than 90% of all gastrointestinal carcinoids are located in the appendix, small intestine, rectum, and mesenteric carcinoids are rare. Even when invasive, most carcinoids are relatively indolent and display minimal histological pleomorphism. A minority of these tumors is clinically more aggressive and has a less differentiated histological pattern. Carcinoid tumors of the intestine frequently invade the mesentery, but a primary carcinoid of the mesentery is extremely rare. Mesenteric carcinoid tumors can go unrecognized due to nonspecific symptoms. We report an unusual case of two large primary mesenteric carcinoid tumors in a 38-year-old male who had excellent recovery following surgery. A complete histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and radiologic workup enabled correct diagnosis in this case.

  17. Guided bone regeneration following surgical treatment of a rare variant of Pindborg tumor: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariano, Ronaldo C; Oliveira, Marina R; Silva, Amanda C; Ferreira, Delano H; Almeida, Oslei P

    2014-03-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a benign neoplasm, but its local destructive potential may lead to the formation of major bone defects. Microscopically, there are some histological variants. Among them, we highlight the clear cell variant due to its more aggressive behavior and a higher incidence of relapse. In this context, it is pertinent to describe the clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor. Despite the large bone defect formed in the posterior region of the mandible, conservative treatment associated with guided bone regeneration assured complete bone formation and the absence of recurrence in an 8-year follow-up period.

  18. A rare case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the diaphragmatic parietal pleura with dissemination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueno, Tsuyoshi; Yamashita, Motohiro; Sawada, Shigeki; Suehisa, Hiroshi; Kawamoto, Hiroaki; Takahata, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare neoplasm that occurs at different sites in the body. Pleural IMT in particular is especially rare. IMTs infrequently tend to have malignancy. We report a rare case of advanced diaphragmatic parietal pleural IMT with dissemination. A 30-year-old woman complained of right upper abdominal pain. Computed tomography showed a large lobulated mass over the right diaphragm, but no disseminated nodules were noted. Intraoperatively, we found the primary tumor arising from the diaphragmatic parietal pleura and a dozen disseminated nodules, and we removed them completely. The histopathological and immunohistochemical diagnosis was IMT.

  19. Discriminating between benign and malignant breast tumors using 3D convolutional neural network in dynamic contrast enhanced-MR images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing; Fan, Ming; Zhang, Juan; Li, Lihua

    2017-03-01

    Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are the state-of-the-art deep learning network architectures that can be used in a range of applications, including computer vision and medical image analysis. It exhibits a powerful representation learning mechanism with an automated design to learn features directly from the data. However, the common 2D CNNs only use the two dimension spatial information without evaluating the correlation between the adjoin slices. In this study, we established a method of 3D CNNs to discriminate between malignant and benign breast tumors. To this end, 143 patients were enrolled which include 66 benign and 77 malignant instances. The MRI images were pre-processed for noise reduction and breast tumor region segmentation. Data augmentation by spatial translating, rotating and vertical and horizontal flipping is applied to the cases to reduce possible over-fitting. A region-of-interest (ROI) and a volume-of-interest (VOI) were segmented in 2D and 3D DCE-MRI, respectively. The enhancement ratio for each MR series was calculated for the 2D and 3D images. The results for the enhancement ratio images in the two series are integrated for classification. The results of the area under the ROC curve(AUC) values are 0.739 and 0.801 for 2D and 3D methods, respectively. The results for 3D CNN which combined 5 slices for each enhancement ratio images achieved a high accuracy(Acc), sensitivity(Sens) and specificity(Spec) of 0.781, 0.744 and 0.823, respectively. This study indicates that 3D CNN deep learning methods can be a promising technology for breast tumor classification without manual feature extraction.

  20. Cystadenoma: a rare tumor originated in minor salivary gland Cistadenoma: um tumor raro em glândula salivar menor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Nunes dos Santos

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Cystadenoma of salivary glands is an uncommon benign neoplasm that presents intraluminal papillary projections. The authors describe one case of cystadenoma located in the buccal mucosa and highlight its histomorphological features and differential diagnosis.O cistadenoma de glândula salivar é uma neoplasia benigna incomum, que exibe projeções papilíferas intraluminais. Os autores descrevem um caso de cistadenoma localizado na mucosa jugal, discutindo os aspectos histomorfológicos e o diagnóstico diferencial desse tumor.

  1. Hippocampal Dosimetry Predicts Neurocognitive Function Impairment After Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Benign or Low-Grade Adult Brain Tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gondi, Vinai [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Hermann, Bruce P. [Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Mehta, Minesh P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (United States); Tome, Wolfgang A., E-mail: tome@humonc.wisc.edu [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

    2013-02-01

    Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the association between hippocampal dose and long-term neurocognitive function (NCF) impairment for benign or low-grade adult brain tumors treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT). Methods and Materials: Adult patients with benign or low-grade adult brain tumors were treated with FSRT per institutional practice. No attempt was made to spare the hippocampus. NCF testing was conducted at baseline and 18 months follow-up, on a prospective clinical trial. Regression-based standardized z scores were calculated by using similar healthy control individuals evaluated at the same test-retest interval. NCF impairment was defined as a z score {<=}-1.5. After delineation of the bilateral hippocampi according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group contouring atlas, dose-volume histograms were generated for the left and right hippocampi and for the composite pair. Biologically equivalent doses in 2-Gy fractions (EQD{sub 2}) assuming an {alpha}/{beta} ratio of 2 Gy were computed. Fisher's exact test and binary logistic regression were used for univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively. Dose-response data were fit to a nonlinear model. Results: Of 29 patients enrolled in this trial, 18 completed both baseline and 18-month NCF testing. An EQD{sub 2} to 40% of the bilateral hippocampi >7.3 Gy was associated with impairment in Wechsler Memory Scale-III Word List (WMS-WL) delayed recall (odds ratio [OR] 19.3; p = 0.043). The association between WMS-WL delayed recall and EQD{sub 2} to 100% of the bilateral hippocampi >0.0 Gy trended to significance (OR 14.8; p = 0.068). Conclusion: EQD{sub 2} to 40% of the bilateral hippocampi greater than 7.3 Gy is associated with long-term impairment in list-learning delayed recall after FSRT for benign or low-grade adult brain tumors. Given that modern intensity-modulated radiotherapy techniques can reduce the dose to the bilateral hippocampi below this dosimetric threshold

  2. Hippocampal Dosimetry Predicts Neurocognitive Function Impairment After Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Benign or Low-Grade Adult Brain Tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gondi, Vinai [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Hermann, Bruce P. [Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Mehta, Minesh P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (United States); Tome, Wolfgang A., E-mail: tome@humonc.wisc.edu [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the association between hippocampal dose and long-term neurocognitive function (NCF) impairment for benign or low-grade adult brain tumors treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT). Methods and Materials: Adult patients with benign or low-grade adult brain tumors were treated with FSRT per institutional practice. No attempt was made to spare the hippocampus. NCF testing was conducted at baseline and 18 months follow-up, on a prospective clinical trial. Regression-based standardized z scores were calculated by using similar healthy control individuals evaluated at the same test-retest interval. NCF impairment was defined as a z score {<=}-1.5. After delineation of the bilateral hippocampi according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group contouring atlas, dose-volume histograms were generated for the left and right hippocampi and for the composite pair. Biologically equivalent doses in 2-Gy fractions (EQD{sub 2}) assuming an {alpha}/{beta} ratio of 2 Gy were computed. Fisher's exact test and binary logistic regression were used for univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively. Dose-response data were fit to a nonlinear model. Results: Of 29 patients enrolled in this trial, 18 completed both baseline and 18-month NCF testing. An EQD{sub 2} to 40% of the bilateral hippocampi >7.3 Gy was associated with impairment in Wechsler Memory Scale-III Word List (WMS-WL) delayed recall (odds ratio [OR] 19.3; p = 0.043). The association between WMS-WL delayed recall and EQD{sub 2} to 100% of the bilateral hippocampi >0.0 Gy trended to significance (OR 14.8; p = 0.068). Conclusion: EQD{sub 2} to 40% of the bilateral hippocampi greater than 7.3 Gy is associated with long-term impairment in list-learning delayed recall after FSRT for benign or low-grade adult brain tumors. Given that modern intensity-modulated radiotherapy techniques can reduce the dose to the bilateral hippocampi below this dosimetric threshold

  3. Expression of FK506 binding protein 65 (FKBP65) is decreased in epithelial ovarian cancer cells compared to benign tumor cells and to ovarian epithelium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Rudi; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Orntoft, Torben Falck

    2011-01-01

    to be followed by a strongly increased risk of ovarian cysts. We performed the present study to reveal how FKBP65 is expressed in the ovary and in ovarian tumors and to see if this expression might be related to ovarian tumor development, a relationship we have found in colorectal cancer. Biopsies from...... ovarian tumor cells. In the ovary, a positive staining was also found in endothelial cells of blood vessels. In non-invasive and in invasive malignant tumor cells, a decreased staining was observed, which was not correlated to stage, histology, or survival. A significant inversed correlation to expression...... prospectively collected samples from ovaries and benign, borderline, and invasive ovarian tumors were analyzed for expression of FKBP65 by immunohistochemistry. The expression was compared to survival and several clinicopathological parameters. FKBP65 is strongly expressed in ovarian epithelium and in benign...

  4. High-LET radiation-induce malignant and benign tumors in rat skin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burns, F.J. [Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Zhao, P.; Hiz, Z.; Chen, S.; Roy, N.

    1999-03-01

    In the multistage theory of carcinogenesis, cells progress to cancer through a series of mutations in cancer-relevant genes, and sometimes the intermediate stages become benign neoplastic lesions. Although cancer induction by low LET radiation is subject to repair or recovery in the sense that multiple exposures produce fewer cancers than the same single dose, this recovery is not seen following exposure to high LET radiation. Data are presented on squamous and basal cell carcinoma and fibroma induction in rat skin exposed to: 1. an electron beam (LET=0.34 kV/{mu}), 2. a neon ion beam (LET=30 kV/{mu} ) and 3. an argon ion beam (LET=125 kV/{mu}). Cancer yields were fitted by a LET-dependent quadratic equation, and equation parameters were estimated by regression analysis for each type of radiation. The results are consistent with the interpretation that carcinoma induction can be explained by a pathway involving 2 radiation-induced events, 1 radiation-induced mutation and 1 spontaneous mutation, while benign fibromas can be explained by a pathway involving 1 radiation-induced event and 1 radiation-induced mutation. (author)

  5. A case of recurrent giant cell tumor of bone with malignant transformation and benign pulmonary metastases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gray Robert

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Giant cell tumor (GCT of bone is a locally destructive tumor that occurs predominantly in long bones of post-pubertal adolescents and young adults, where it occurs in the epiphysis. The majority are treated by aggressive curettage or resection. Vascular invasion outside the boundary of the tumor can be seen. Metastasis, with identical morphology to the primary tumor, occurs in a few percent of cases, usually to the lung. On occasion GCTs of bone undergo frank malignant transformation to undifferentiated sarcomas. Here we report a case of GCT of bone that at the time of recurrence was found to have undergone malignant transformation. Concurrent metastases were found in the lung, but these were non-transformed GCT.

  6. Surgical treatment of a retroperitoneal benign tumor surrounding important blood vessels by fractionated resection: A case report and review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    WAN, ZHILI; YIN, TIANSHENG; CHEN, HONGWEI; LI, DEWEI

    2016-01-01

    Retroperitoneal tumors are lesions with diverse pathological subtypes that originate from the retroperitoneal space; ~40% of these tumors are benign. Due to such lesions often surrounding and associating with vital abdominal blood vessels, a complete surgical resection is difficult. The current study presents a novel surgical approach, known as fractionation, through which a benign retroperitoneal tumor surrounding important abdominal blood vessels was completely resected. A 21-year-old man was admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (Chongqing, China), presenting with a ~7.5×7.2-cm tumor that was located in the retroperitoneal pancreatic head region and the first hepatic hilum. The tumor completely surrounded the celiac axis and the splenic, common hepatic and superior mesenteric arteries, and was closely associated with the abdominal aorta and the portal, splenic, superior mesenteric and left renal veins. A pre-operative computed tomography scan and intraoperative frozen biopsy indicated that the lesion was a benign tumor. A fractionation approach was subsequently adopted, with fractionation of the lesion being performed according to the location of the tumor itself and the direction of the surrounding abdominal blood vessels. In this manner, a complete tumor resection was conducted. Post-operative pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma. The patient was followed up for a year and a half, with no evidence of tumor recurrence. In the present case, a fractionation approach for the complete resection of the retroperitoneal benign tumor achieved a positive outcome and demonstrated the feasibility of the technique. PMID:27123100

  7. A Rare Primary Neuroendocrine Tumor (Typical Carcinoid of the Sublingual Gland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenji Yamagata

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A typical carcinoid is extremely rare in the oral cavity. We here present a case of a typical carcinoid arising in the sublingual gland of a 62-year-old woman. The tumor was removed by primary excision with 10 mm surgical margins and submandibular dissection. Examination of the tumor showed medium-sized tumor cells that were positive for CD56 and chromogranin A, with no necrosis, and with a mitotic count less than 1/10 HPF. A pathological diagnosis of typical carcinoid was made from both morphological and immunological examinations. One year after excision surgery, there was no tumor recurrence or neck metastasis.

  8. Rare Presentation of Giant Cell Tumor in the Internal Auditory Canal: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jada, Ajit S; Shrivastava, Raj K; Mannan, Abul; Kobets, Andrew; Manolidis, Spiros

    2015-07-01

    Giant cell tumor (GCT) is a benign but locally aggressive bone tumor that usually involves the end of long bones. It is a relatively common neoplasm in patients, constituting 5 to 10% of all benign bone tumors. Approximately 2% of GCTs occur in the craniofacial skeleton with a predilection for the ethmoid, sphenoid, and temporal bones. The skull base location is unique and not commonly described. Hearing loss, headache, tinnitus, and subcutaneous masses are the most commonly reported symptoms in GCTs of the skull base. In this case report we present the first description of a GCT within the internal auditory canal causing cranial neuropathy and review the recent pertinent literature.

  9. Interobserver variability in the differential diagnosis of benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions; Interobservervariabilitaet in der Differentialdiagnose gutartiger Knochentumoren und tumoraehnlicher Knochenlaesionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheitza, P.; Hauschild, O.; Zwingmann, J.; Suedkamp, N.P. [University Medical Centre Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Orthopaedics and Traumatology; Uhl, M. [St. Josefshospital Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Radiology; Bannasch, H. [University Medical Centre Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Plastic and Hand Surgery; Kayser, C. [University Medical Centre Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Pathology; Herget, G.W. [University Medical Centre Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Orthopaedics and Traumatology/Comprehensive Cancer Centre Freiburg CCCF

    2016-05-15

    The interobserver-variability of radiological diagnosis of benign bone tumors (BBT) and tumor-like lesions (TLL) was examined in order to identify difficult-to-diagnose entities, to examine the frequency of advanced diagnostics and to describe the number of interdisciplinary tumor center diagnoses (IDT) in comparison with diagnoses upon referral (ED) and radiologists' diagnoses (RD). We retrospectively reviewed 413 patients with 272 BBT and 141 TLL, classified either histologically or through interdisciplinary consultation. Discrepancies between groups were analyzed and rates of additional imaging and biopsy to establish diagnosis were assessed. In BBT the number of identical radiological diagnoses was 56 (ED) and 81 % (RD) compared to the IDT, while in the latter additional imaging were obtained in 30 % cases. In 21 % (12 % to establish diagnosis) BBT were biopsied, the ED matching the histology 40 %, the RD 60 % and the IDT 76 % of the time. For TLL diagnosed through radiology, ED and RD matched IDT 31 % and 61 % of the time, with additional imaging being obtained in 21 % of cases (IDT). In 36 % (27 % to establish diagnosis) biopsy was performed, with histological diagnosis matching the IDT, RD and ED in 51, 27 and 20 %. Diagnostic challenges were apparent in enchondromas, non-ossifying fibromas (NOF), solitary (SBC) and aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC). Ganglia can be misinterpreted as a tumor. Establishing a definitive diagnosis for BBT and TLL can be challenging with the latter posing greater difficulties. An interdisciplinary approach involving radiologists, orthopedics and pathologists was found to improve diagnostic accuracy.

  10. Protein levels and gene expressions of the epidermal growth factor receptors, HER1, HER2, HER3 and HER4 in benign and malignant ovarian tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl Steffensen, Karina; Waldstrøm, Marianne; Fredslund Andersen, Rikke

    2008-01-01

    The epidermal growth factor receptors, HER1, HER2, HER3 and HER4 play a key role in the growth of malignant tumors. The receptors of the EGF receptor family are not cancer-specific proteins since these receptors are expressed to some extent in both normal and benign tissue, but this is not elucid......The epidermal growth factor receptors, HER1, HER2, HER3 and HER4 play a key role in the growth of malignant tumors. The receptors of the EGF receptor family are not cancer-specific proteins since these receptors are expressed to some extent in both normal and benign tissue...... ovarian tumors. Tissue from 207 patients (101 malignant, 19 borderline, 64 benign ovarian tumors and 23 normal ovaries) were analyzed by quantitative ELISA for HER1-HER4 protein concentrations and by real-time PCR for HER1-HER4 gene expression. HER2 was also analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The HER2......-4 receptor protein content and the median gene expression level was significantly higher in ovarian cancer patients compared to patients with benign ovarian tumors and normal ovaries (pHER1 receptor was significantly lower in ovarian cancer compared to borderline...

  11. SSH-EPI diffusion-weighted MR imaging of the spine with low b values: is it useful in differentiating malignant metastatic tumor infiltration from benign fracture edema?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oztekin, Ozgur; Ozan, Ebru; Hilal Adibelli, Zehra; Unal, Gökhan; Abali, Yusuf

    2009-07-01

    Conventional MR sequences are sometimes not helpful in differentiating benign from pathologic fractures. Our aim was to evaluate the usefulness of single-shot echo-planar imaging sequences (diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)/SSH-EPI) with low b value in differentiating malignant metastatic tumor infiltration of vertebral bone marrow from benign vertebral fracture edema. A total of 47 patients, 20 with benign fractures and 27 with tumor infiltration, were included in this prospective study. Diffusion-weighted MR images were obtained by single-shot echo-planar imaging technique with diffusion gradient (b = 300 s/mm2; TR/TE, 1,400/100), using a 1.5 T MR scanner. T1- and T2-weighted images and short inversion time inversion-recovery images were available for all 64 lesions. The lesions on DWI/SSH-EPI were categorized as having hypo-, iso-, or hyperintense signal intensity relative to normal vertebrae by two experienced radiologists. We evaluated signal intensity patterns on DWI/SSH-EPI in 64 lesions, which showed low signal intensity on T1-weighted images in both benign fractures and metastasis. With the exception of sclerotic metastases in two patients, malignant metastatic tumor infiltration was hyperintense with respect to normal bone marrow on diffusion-weighted images; all but four benign vertebral fractures were isointense with respect to normal bone marrow. Single-shot echo-planar imaging sequences (DWI/SSH-EPI) with low b value provided excellent distinction between metastatic tumor infiltration and benign vertebral fracture edema. Hyperintense signal intensity on DWI/SSH-EPI was highly specific for the diagnosis of metastatic tumor infiltration of the spine.

  12. P-glycoprotein expression and DNA topoisomerase I and II activity in benign tumors of the ovary and in malignant tumors of the ovary, before and after platinum/cyclophosphamide chemotherapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, A G; Hollema, H; de Jong, S; Boonstra, H; Gouw, A; Willemse, P H; Zijlstra, J G; de Vries, E G; de Jong, Steven

    1991-01-01

    P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression and DNA topoisomerase (Topo) II are important variables in multidrug resistant tumor cell lines. The aim of this study was to evaluate P-gp expression and Topo I and II activity in benign and malignant epithelial ovarian tumors. P-gp expression was analyzed

  13. Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, a deceptively benign tumor in a 5-year-old child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Seema; Krivanek, Michael; Cohen, Ralph

    2012-02-01

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is very uncommon in the pediatric population with only 20% of reported cases under the age of 18. The youngest reported case to date has been in a 4-year-old child. Lesions are usually slow growing and asymptomatic, and locations described in children have included paravertebral, thigh and intrathoracic. Although benign in appearance, these lesions can behave aggressively, with local recurrence and distant metastases primarily to lungs. These lesions can be resistant to the usual chemotherapy and radiotherapy with surgical resection being the treatment of choice. We report a case of a 5-year-old boy who presented with a mass in the left buttock.

  14. Keratocystic odontogenic tumor of the right mandibular condyle: A rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamala Rawson

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC was first described by Hans Philipsen in 1956. The World Health Organization (WHO has designated OKC as a Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor (KCOT. KCOT is defined as ′a benign uni- or multicystic, intraosseous tumor of odontogenic origin, with a characteristic lining of parakeratinized stratified squamous epithelium, with a potential for aggressive, infiltrative behavior′. Radiographically, most OKCs are unilocular, presenting a well-defined peripheral rim and a central cavity having satellite cysts. It is characterized by a thin fibrous capsule and a lining of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium, which is typically corrugated, usually about 6 to 10 cells in thickness, and generally without rete pegs. The present case report describes an unusual case of KCOT with minimal clinical presentation indicative of a tumor highlighting the potential difficulties in determining the diagnosis.

  15. A CRISPR/Cas9 Functional Screen Identifies Rare Tumor Suppressors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katigbak, Alexandra; Cencic, Regina; Robert, Francis; Sénécha, Patrick; Scuoppo, Claudio; Pelletier, Jerry

    2016-12-16

    An enormous amount of tumor sequencing data has been generated through large scale sequencing efforts. The functional consequences of the majority of mutations identified by such projects remain an open, unexplored question. This problem is particularly complicated in the case of rare mutations where frequency of occurrence alone or prediction of functional consequences are insufficient to distinguish driver from passenger or bystander mutations. We combine genome editing technology with a powerful mouse cancer model to uncover previously unsuspected rare oncogenic mutations in Burkitt's lymphoma. We identify two candidate tumor suppressors whose loss cooperate with MYC over-expression to accelerate lymphomagenesis. Our results highlight the utility of in vivo CRISPR/Cas9 screens combined with powerful mouse models to identify and validate rare oncogenic modifier events from tumor mutational data.

  16. Total reconstruction of mandible by transport distraction after complete resection for benign and malignant tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S M Balaji

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: TDO potentially benefits patients with segmental bony defects following tumor ablation in mandible. It is an unswerving tool to achieve sufficient bone in mandible in patients who cannot undergo aggressive surgery or poor general health. Bone resorption remains a critical issue for this reconstruction technique, though blood supply is continuously maintained in TDO.

  17. Gliosarcoma: un tumor cerebral poco común (Gliosarcoma, a rare brain tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edison Vega

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumen (español El Gliosarcoma (GS es una neoplasia primaria agresiva y poco frecuente del Sistema Nervioso Central (SNC, compuesta de elementos astrocíticos anaplásicos y mesenquimales claramente malignos. El cuadro clínico se caracteriza por cefalea y convulsiones, que se presentan como parte de los síntomas iniciales en el 30% de los pacientes y cuyo porcentaje aumenta conforme avanza la enfermedad. Dentro de las manifestaciones secundarias, se describen cambios como alteración de la concentración y la personalidad; de manera particular las lesiones que afectan al lóbulo parietal se asocian a déficit motor o sensitivo. En cuanto al diagnóstico imagenológico por RMN, los gliomas malignos se observan bien circunscritos con edema focal y captan el contraste en la periferia con un centro hipointenso. Se reporta el caso de paciente Masculino de 45 años de edad, cuyos hallazgos clínico-imagenológicos concuerdan con los previamente descritos por lo que se plantea el diagnóstico de glioma parietooccipital derecho. Al realizar exeresis del tumor, se practicó estudio histopatológico, el cual fue reportado como un glioblastoma multiforme, y posterior al análisis inmunohistoquímico, se concluyó definitivamente como un gliosarcoma. La baja frecuencia de esta entidad patológica y la repercusión en la morbimortalidad de los pacientes que la padecen motivaron a la presentación de este caso. Abstract (english The Gliosarcoma (GS is an aggressive primary neoplasm and rare in central nervous system (CNS, composed of anaplastic astrocytic and mesenchymal elements clearly malignant. The clinical picture is characterized by headaches and seizures, presented as part of the initial symptoms in 30% of patients whose percentage increases as the disease progresses. Among the secondary manifestations, described changes as impaired concentration and personality of lesions particularly affecting the parietal lobe is associated with motor or sensory

  18. Clinicopathological study of rare invasive epithelial tumors of breast: An institutional study

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    Karthik Kasireddy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Invasive breast cancer (BC is the most common carcinoma in women. It accounts for 22% of all female cancers. Most tumors are derived from mammary duct epithelium, and up to 75% of BCs are ductal carcinomas. The second most common tumor is invasive lobular carcinoma. However, there are many variants which are less common but well defined by the World Health Organization classification. They comprise <10% of breast tumors. Their clinical behavior differs greatly. Hence, it is important to know their main histomorphological features to make the best treatment of choice and to foresee prognosis. Aims and Objectives: To study the histomorphological features, incidence, and clinical features of rare invasive epithelial tumors of the breast. Materials and Methods: This study was done in the department of pathology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar. All the neoplastic breast lesions over a period of 5 years (July 2010-September 2015 are included in the study. Clinical features and other details (estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor, human epidermal receptor-2, lymph nodes are obtained from the department (surgery records. Specimens are received and preserved in 10% formalin and are subjected to routine histopathological processing. Hematoxylin and eosin sections are studied, and a morphological diagnosis is given. All rare invasive epithelial breast tumors will be reviewed meticulously. Results and Conclusion: A total number of invasive epithelial tumors of breast were 105. The most common presenting symptom was breast lump. Rare invasive epithelial breast tumors account to 28.5%. The age range from 15 to 70 years. Most common, rare invasive epithelial tumor in our study is medullary carcinoma. Hence, it is imperative to always maintain a Hawks vigil during microscopic diagnosis to know prognosis of the condition and to facilitate early and prompt treatment to the patient.

  19. Preoperative serum levels of epidermal growth factor receptor, HER2, and vascular endothelial growth factor in malignant and benign ovarian tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl Steffensen, Karina; Waldstrøm, Marianne; Jeppesen, Ulla

    2008-01-01

    Background: Epidermal growth factor receptors ([EGFRs]; EGFR/HER1 and ErbB2/HER2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are essential to tumor growth and angiogenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the serum levels of these potential biomarkers in benign, borderline...

  20. Retiform hemangioendothelioma over forehead: A rare tumor treated with chemoradiation and a review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anup Sunil Tamhankar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Retiform hemangioendothelioma (RH is low grade tumor of skin and subcutaneous tissue. It needs to be differentiated from angiosarcoma as RH has excellent prognosis. It is usually seen in young adults on extremities. Sometimes it may mimic benign conditions and can delay treatment. Surgery has been mainstay of its treatment with or without adjuvant radiation. We present first case of RH on face. This is only second case being treated with definitive chemoradiation. So it′s important to distinguish RH from angiosarcoma due to treatment implications as well.

  1. Laparoscopic Navigated Liver Resection: Technical Aspects and Clinical Practice in Benign Liver Tumors

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    Markus Kleemann

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic liver resection has been performed mostly in centers with an extended expertise in both hepatobiliary and laparoscopic surgery and only in highly selected patients. In order to overcome the obstacles of this technique through improved intraoperative visualization we developed a laparoscopic navigation system (LapAssistent to register pre-operatively reconstructed three-dimensional CT or MRI scans within the intra-operative field. After experimental development of the navigation system, we commenced with the clinical use of navigation-assisted laparoscopic liver surgery in January 2010. In this paper we report the technical aspects of the navigation system and the clinical use in one patient with a large benign adenoma. Preoperative planning data were calculated by Fraunhofer MeVis Bremen, Germany. After calibration of the system including camera, laparoscopic instruments, and the intraoperative ultrasound scanner we registered the surface of the liver. Applying the navigated ultrasound the preoperatively planned resection plane was then overlain with the patient's liver. The laparoscopic navigation system could be used under sterile conditions and it was possible to register and visualize the preoperatively planned resection plane. These first results now have to be validated and certified in a larger patient collective. A nationwide prospective multicenter study (ProNavic I has been conducted and launched.

  2. Leiomyosarcoma of intravascular origin - a rare tumor entity: clinical pathological study of twelve cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Leiomysarcoma of intravascular origin is an exceedingly rare entity of malignant soft tissue tumors. They are most frequently encountered in the retroperitoneum arising from the inferior vena cava and are scarcely found to arise from vessels of the extremities. These tumors were analysed with particular reference to treatment outcome and prognosis. The aim of this article is to broaden the knowledge of the clinical course of this rare malignancy. Method During 2000 and 2009 twelve patients were identified with an intravascular origin of a leiomyosarcoma. Details regarding the clinical course, follow-up and outcome were assessed with focus on patient survival, tumor relapse and metastases and treatment outcome. 3 year survival probability was calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. Results Vascular leiomyosarcomas accounted for 0.7% of all malignant soft tissue tumors treated at our soft tissue sarcoma reference center. The mean follow up period was 38 months. Tumor relapse was encountered in six patients. 6 patients developed metastatic disease. The three year survival was 57%. Conclusion Vascular leiomysarcoma is a rare but aggressive tumor entity with a high rate of local recurrence and metastasis. PMID:21092216

  3. Leiomyosarcoma of intravascular origin - a rare tumor entity: clinical pathological study of twelve cases

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    Steinau Hans U

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Leiomysarcoma of intravascular origin is an exceedingly rare entity of malignant soft tissue tumors. They are most frequently encountered in the retroperitoneum arising from the inferior vena cava and are scarcely found to arise from vessels of the extremities. These tumors were analysed with particular reference to treatment outcome and prognosis. The aim of this article is to broaden the knowledge of the clinical course of this rare malignancy. Method During 2000 and 2009 twelve patients were identified with an intravascular origin of a leiomyosarcoma. Details regarding the clinical course, follow-up and outcome were assessed with focus on patient survival, tumor relapse and metastases and treatment outcome. 3 year survival probability was calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. Results Vascular leiomyosarcomas accounted for 0.7% of all malignant soft tissue tumors treated at our soft tissue sarcoma reference center. The mean follow up period was 38 months. Tumor relapse was encountered in six patients. 6 patients developed metastatic disease. The three year survival was 57%. Conclusion Vascular leiomysarcoma is a rare but aggressive tumor entity with a high rate of local recurrence and metastasis.

  4. Leiomyosarcoma of intravascular origin--a rare tumor entity: clinical pathological study of twelve cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilkorn, Daniel J; Hauser, Joerg; Ring, Andrej; Goertz, Ole; Stricker, Ingo; Steinau, Hans U; Kuhnen, Cornelius

    2010-11-22

    Leiomysarcoma of intravascular origin is an exceedingly rare entity of malignant soft tissue tumors. They are most frequently encountered in the retroperitoneum arising from the inferior vena cava and are scarcely found to arise from vessels of the extremities. These tumors were analysed with particular reference to treatment outcome and prognosis. The aim of this article is to broaden the knowledge of the clinical course of this rare malignancy. During 2000 and 2009 twelve patients were identified with an intravascular origin of a leiomyosarcoma. Details regarding the clinical course, follow-up and outcome were assessed with focus on patient survival, tumor relapse and metastases and treatment outcome. 3 year survival probability was calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. Vascular leiomyosarcomas accounted for 0.7% of all malignant soft tissue tumors treated at our soft tissue sarcoma reference center. The mean follow up period was 38 months. Tumor relapse was encountered in six patients. 6 patients developed metastatic disease. The three year survival was 57%. Vascular leiomysarcoma is a rare but aggressive tumor entity with a high rate of local recurrence and metastasis.

  5. Pindborg tumor in an adolescent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhtar, Kafil; Khan, Nazoora; Zaheer, Sufian; Sherwani, Rana; Hasan, Abrar

    2010-01-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor), is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm representing about 0.4-3% of all odontogenic tumors. This tumor more frequently affects adults in the age range of 20-60 years, with a peak incidence in the 5th decade of life. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumour has a much lower recurrence rate than ameloblastoma and malignant transformation, and metastasis is rare.

  6. Foreign body granuloma mimicking recurrent intracranial tumor: a very rare clinical entity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Askin Esen Hasturk

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Gelatin sponge, oxidized cellulose and microfibrillar collagen are used to achieve hemostasis during neurosurgical procedures. Hemostatic agents may produce clinically symptomatic, radiologically apparent mass lesions. The differential diagnosis should include the foreign body along with recurrent tumor. We present a case of intracranial hemostatic agents found in a 56-year-old male patient seven years after undergoing a craniotomy for a left posterior parietal convexity meningioma. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI suggested the presence of a recurrent tumor. We emphasize that although it is rare, a granuloma due to a foreign body reaction can result in a false image of tumor recurrence.

  7. Quantitative Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA 4977-bp Deletion in Sporadic Breast Cancer and Benign Breast Tumors

    OpenAIRE

    Ye, Chuanzhong; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Wen, Wanqing; Pierce, Larry; Courtney, Regina; Gao, Yu-Tang; Zheng, Wei; Cai, Qiuyin

    2007-01-01

    The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) 4977-bp deletion (ΔmtDNA4977 mutation) is one of the most frequently observed mtDNA mutations in human tissues, and may play a role in carcinogenesis. Only a few studies have evaluated ΔmtDNA4977 mutation in breast cancer tissue, and the findings have been inconsistent, which may be due to methodological differences. In this study, we developed a quantitative real-time PCR assay to assess the level of the ΔmtDNA4977 mutation in tumor tissue samples from 55 primar...

  8. Renal tumor leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome – A rare ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) generally develops in the setting of sepsis, aspiration, shock or some other identifiable cause. Pulmonary involvement with neoplastic disease is an unusual but recognized cause of ARDS and has been rarely reported. Here we report a case of ARDS due to renal tumor most ...

  9. Isolation of rare tumor cells from blood cells with buoyant immuno-microbubbles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guixin Shi

    Full Text Available Circulating tumor cells (CTCs are exfoliated at various stages of cancer, and could provide invaluable information for the diagnosis and prognosis of cancers. There is an urgent need for the development of cost-efficient and scalable technologies for rare CTC enrichment from blood. Here we report a novel method for isolation of rare tumor cells from excess of blood cells using gas-filled buoyant immuno-microbubbles (MBs. MBs were prepared by emulsification of perfluorocarbon gas in phospholipids and decorated with anti-epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM antibody. EpCAM-targeted MBs efficiently (85% and rapidly (within 15 minutes bound to various epithelial tumor cells suspended in cell medium. EpCAM-targeted MBs efficiently (88% isolated frequent tumor cells that were spiked at 100,000 cells/ml into plasma-depleted blood. Anti-EpCAM MBs efficiently (>77% isolated rare mouse breast 4T1, human prostate PC-3 and pancreatic cancer BxPC-3 cells spiked into 1, 3 and 7 ml (respectively of plasma-depleted blood. Using EpCAM targeted MBs CTCs from metastatic cancer patients were isolated, suggesting that this technique could be developed into a valuable clinical tool for isolation, enumeration and analysis of rare cells.

  10. Projected Second Tumor Risk and Dose to Neurocognitive Structures After Proton Versus Photon Radiotherapy for Benign Meningioma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arvold, Nils D. [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Niemierko, Andrzej; Broussard, George P.; Adams, Judith; Fullerton, Barbara; Loeffler, Jay S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Shih, Helen A., E-mail: hshih@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: To calculated projected second tumor rates and dose to organs at risk (OAR) in patients with benign intracranial meningioma (BM), according to dosimetric comparisons between proton radiotherapy (PRT) and photon radiotherapy (XRT) treatment plans. Methods and Materials: Ten patients with BM treated at Massachusetts General Hospital during 2006-2010 with PRT were replanned with XRT (intensity-modulated or three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy), optimizing dose to the tumor while sparing OAR. Total dose was 54 Gy in 1.8 Gy per fraction for all plans. We calculated equivalent uniform doses, normal tissue complication probabilities, and whole brain-based estimates of excess risk of radiation-associated intracranial second tumors. Results: Excess risk of second tumors was significantly lower among PRT compared with XRT plans (1.3 vs. 2.8 per 10,000 patients per year, p < 0.002). Mean equivalent uniform doses were lower among PRT plans for the whole brain (19.0 vs. 22.8 Gy, p < 0.0001), brainstem (23.8 vs. 35.2 Gy, p = 0.004), hippocampi (left, 13.5 vs. 25.6 Gy, p < 0.0001; right, 7.6 vs. 21.8 Gy, p = 0.001), temporal lobes (left, 25.8 vs. 34.6 Gy, p = 0.007; right, 25.8 vs. 32.9 Gy, p = 0.008), pituitary gland (29.2 vs. 37.0 Gy, p = 0.047), optic nerves (left, 28.5 vs. 33.8 Gy, p = 0.04; right, 25.1 vs. 31.1 Gy, p = 0.07), and cochleas (left, 12.2 vs. 15.8 Gy, p = 0.39; right,1.5 vs. 8.8 Gy, p = 0.01). Mean normal tissue complication probability was <1% for all structures and not significantly different between PRT and XRT plans. Conclusions: Compared with XRT, PRT for BM decreases the risk of RT-associated second tumors by half and delivers significantly lower doses to neurocognitive and critical structures of vision and hearing.

  11. The utility of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) for the detection of small bowel bleeding arising from benign and malignant tumors: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Heukelom, Jesse G; Gutnik, Steven H

    2011-10-01

    Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has become a first-line diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of small bowel bleeding. Prior to VCE, procedures to visualize the site of small intestinal bleeding were rudimentary and frequently delivered inconclusive findings. VCE allows for improved visualization, resulting in more accurate identification of benign and malignant tumors of the small bowel. VCE provides the opportunity for prompt identification while allowing for precise surgical excision of the involved bowel, with maximum salvage of normal tissue. We report two clinical cases of small bowel tumors diagnosed by using video capsule endoscopy. The pathology showed one lesion to be a lipoma and the other a carcinoid tumor. Both cases presented in similar fashions as intestinal hemorrhage, yet one lesion was benign and the other malignant.

  12. Hyalinizing trabecular tumor of the thyroid: Diagnosed of a rare tumor using ultrasonography, cytology, and intraoperative frozen sections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Hyun Sik; Kim, Eun Kyung; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Cheol Keun; Son, Eun Ju [Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological and imaging features of thyroid nodules surgically diagnosed as hyaline trabecular tumor (HTT), and to assess the role of cytology and frozen sections (FS) in the diagnosis of HTT. This study included 21 thyroid nodules in 21 patients treated from August 2005 to March 2015 (mean age, 53.3 years) who were either diagnosed as HTT or had HTT suggested as a possible diagnosis based on cytology, FS, or the final pathology report. Patients' medical records were retrospectively reviewed for cytopathologic results and outcomes during the course of follow-up. Sonograms were reviewed and categorized. Twelve nodules from 12 patients were surgically confirmed as HTT. Ultrasonography (US)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) was performed on 11 nodules, of which six (54.5%) were papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) or suspicious for PTC and three (27.3%) were HTT or suspicious for HTT. Intraoperative FS suggested the possibility of HTT in seven nodules, of which four (57.1%) were confirmed as HTT. US-FNA suggested the diagnosis of HTT in 10 nodules, of which three (30.0%) were confirmed as HTT. Common US features of the 12 pathologically confirmed cases of HTT were hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity (83.4%), absence of calcifications (91.7%), parallel shape (100.0%), presence of vascularity (75.0%), and probable benignity (58.3%). HTT should be included in the differential diagnosis of solid tumors with hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity and otherwise benign US features that have been diagnosed as PTC through cytology.

  13. An Asthma mimicker air ways tumor: report of a rare case of schwonnoma

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    seyed abbas Tabatabei

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Primary schwannoma of trachea and bronchus is very rare and can cause the same signs and symptoms as asthma, including airway-obstruction. Case Report: We introduce a 17 years-old girl with left bronchus schwannoma who was under treatment with the primary diagnosis of asthma and allergy. Bronchoscope intervention showed a pedicular tumor in left bronchus which protruded from the orifice of bronchus during hale and inhale leading to more than %80 lumen obstruction of airway. Discussion: The patient underwent surgical treatment of tumor resection and bronchoplasty along with long survival. Following this operation, all signs and symptoms were resolved. Therefore we should be aware that tumors, even this rare one should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients suffering from airway obstruction, especially when children and young adults don response to usual treatments.

  14. A pancreatic pseudopapillary tumor enucleated curatively

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Karakas

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Although PPT is a very rare, benign tumor, it has the potential to metastasize to adjacent and distant organs. Consequently, they should be detected early, so that they can be treated surgically before malignant conversion.

  15. Aggressive malignant phyllodes tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Nathan Roberts; Dianne M. Runk

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Originally described in 1838 by Muller, phyllodes tumor is a rare fibroepithelial neoplasm which represents roughly 0.3–0.9% of all breast cancers. Phyllodes tumor are divided into benign, borderline and malignant histologic categories. Malignant phyllodes tumor represent anywhere from 10–30% of all phyllodes tumors. This group has both the potential to recur locally and metastasize, however not all malignant phyllodes behave this way. The challenge lays in predicting which tumo...

  16. Cardiac Tumors; Tumeurs cardiaques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laissy, J.P.; Fernandez, P. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bichat Claude Bernard, Service d' Imagerie, 76 - Rouen (France); Mousseaux, E. [Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou (HEGP), Service de Radiologie Cardio Vasculaire et Interventionnelle, 75 - Paris (France); Dacher, J.N. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Charles Nicolle, 75 - Rouen (France); Crochet, D. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Hopital Laennec, Centre Hemodynamique, Radiologie Thoracique et Vasculaire, 44 - Nantes (France)

    2004-04-01

    Metastases are the most frequent tumors of the heart even though they seldom are recognized. Most primary cardiac tumors are benign. The main role of imaging is to differentiate a cardiac tumor from thrombus and rare pseudo-tumors: tuberculoma, hydatid cyst. Echocardiography is the fist line imaging technique to detect cardiac tumors, but CT and MRl arc useful for further characterization and differential diagnosis. Myxoma of the left atrium is the most frequent benign cardiac tumor. It usually is pedunculated and sometimes calcified. Sarcoma is the most frequent primary malignant tumor and usually presents as a sessile infiltrative tumor. Lymphoma and metastases are usually recognized by the presence of known tumor elsewhere of by characteristic direct contiguous involvement. Diagnosing primary and secondary pericardial tumors often is difficult. Imaging is valuable for diagnosis, characterization, pre-surgical evaluation and follow-up. (author)

  17. A rare case of retroperitoneal malignant triton tumor invading renal vein and small intestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mijović Žaklina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Malignant Triton tumor is a very rare malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. Most of those tumors occur in patients with von Recklinghausen’s disease or as a late complication of irradiation and commonly seen in the head, neck, extremities and trunk. Case report. We reported retroperitoneal malignant Triton tumor in a 57-year-old female patient. Skin lesions were not present, and there was no family history of neurofibromatosis or previous irradiation. The presented case is one of a few recorded in the specialized literature that occurs in the retroperitoneal space in sporadic form. In this case, tumor consisted of a multilobular mass was in close relation with the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava and involved the renal vein with gross invasion of the small intestine. The patient underwent total resection of the tumor and left nefrectomy was performed. The small intestine 10 cm in length was also resected and end-to-end anastomosis was conducted. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged from the hospital ten days after the surgery. Conclusion. Diagnostically, it is crucial to recognize this uncommon histological variant because malignant Triton tumor has a worse prognosis than classic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor does. The use of the immunohistochemistry is essential in making the correct diagnosis. Only appropriate pathological evaluation supported by immunostaining with S-100 protein and desmin confirmed the diagnosis. Aggressive surgical management treatment improves the prognosis of such cases with adjuvant radiotherapy.

  18. Adult-Type Rhabdomyoma of the Larynx: Clinicopathologic Study of an Uncommon Tumor in a Rare Location

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Altissimi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Rhabdomyoma is an uncommon benign mesenchymal tumor with skeletal muscle differentiation that may occur either in the heart or in extracardiac sites. Even though the head and neck region is the most common area of extracardiac rhabdomyoma, the larynx is rarely involved. We present the case of an 85-year-old woman who reported a 10-day history of breathing difficulties, dysphagia, and dysphonia. A computed tomography scan of the head and neck showed a contrast-enhanced, solid hypopharyngeal-laryngeal neoplasm with well-defined margins causing subtotal obliteration of the right pyriform sinus and a reduction in air lumen of the laryngeal vestibule. The patient underwent complete endoscopic removal of the lesion; histologic examination revealed an adult-type rhabdomyoma based on the histologic features and the immunoreactivity of the neoplastic cells for desmin, myoglobin, and muscle-specific actin but not for cytokeratin, S-100, CD68R, chromogranin-A, and synaptophysin. Since clinical and imaging features are not specific for rhabdomyoma, histologic examination and immunohistochemical analyses play a central role in the differential diagnosis of the adult-type rhabdomyoma from other laryngeal neoplasms. A correct diagnosis is mandatory to avoid inappropriate treatment.

  19. Collagen XVII is expressed in malignant but not in benign melanocytic tumors and it can mediate antibody induced melanoma apoptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krenacs, T; Kiszner, G; Stelkovics, E; Balla, P; Teleki, I; Nemeth, I; Varga, E; Korom, I; Barbai, T; Plotar, V; Timar, J; Raso, E

    2012-10-01

    The 180 kDa transmembrane collagen XVII is known to anchor undifferentiated keratinocytes to the basement membrane in hemidesmosomes while constitutively shedding a 120 kDa ectodomain. Inherited mutations or auto-antibodies targeting collagen XVII cause blistering skin disease. Collagen XVII is down-regulated in mature keratinocytes but re-expressed in skin cancer. By recently detecting collagen XVII in melanocyte hyperplasia, here we tested its expression in benign and malignant melanocytic tumors using endodomain and ectodomain selective antibodies. We found the full-length collagen XVII protein in proliferating tissue melanocytes, basal keratinocytes and squamous cell carcinoma whereas resting melanocytes were negative. Furthermore, the cell-residual 60 kDa endodomain was exclusively detected in 62/79 primary and 15/18 metastatic melanomas, 8/9 melanoma cell lines, HT199 metastatic melanoma xenografts and atypical nests in 8/63 dysplastic nevi. The rest of 19 nevi including common, blue and Spitz subtypes were also negative. In line with the defective ectodomain, sequencing of COL17A1 gene revealed aberrations in the ectodomain coding region including point mutations. Collagen XVII immunoreaction-stained spindle cell melanomas, showed partly overlapping profiles with those of S100B, Melan A and HMB45. It was concentrated at vertical melanoma fronts and statistically associated with invasive phenotype. Antibody targeting the extracellular aa507-529 terminus of collagen XVII endodomain promoted apoptosis and cell adhesion, while inhibiting proliferation in HT199 cells. These results suggest that the accumulation of collagen XVII endodomain in melanocytic tumors is associated with malignant transformation to be a potential marker of malignancy and a target for antibody-induced melanoma apoptosis.

  20. Endoscopy-assisted surgery for the management of benign breast tumors: technique, learning curve, and patient-reported outcome from preliminary 323 procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Hung-Wen; Lin, Hui-Yu; Chen, Shu-Ling; Chen, Shou-Tung; Chen, Dar-Ren; Kuo, Shou-Jen

    2017-01-11

    Endoscopy-assisted breast surgery (EABS), a technique that optimizes cosmetic outcome because it is performed through small wounds hidden in inconspicuous areas, could be an alternative surgical technique for benign breast tumors. In this study, we report the preliminary results of 323 EABS procedures performed at our institution for the management of benign breast tumors. The medical records of patients who underwent EABS for benign breast lesions during the periods August 2010 to December 2015 were collected from the Changhua Christian Hospital EABS database. Data on clinicopathologic characteristics, type of surgery, hospital stay, and complications were analyzed to determine the effectiveness of the procedure for benign breast tumors. The operating time with the number of procedure performed was analyzed for learning curve evaluation. Patient satisfaction with cosmetic outcome was evaluated with a self-report questionnaire. A total of 323 EABS procedures were performed in 286 patients with benign breast lesions, including 249 (90.5%) patients with unilateral lesions. The mean age was 36 years, the mean tumor size was 2.2 cm, and the mean distance from the nipple to the tumor was 5.2 cm. Most (93.8%, 303/323) of these tumors were excised through a transareolar wound, 2.4% (8/323) through an axillary wound, and 0.3% (1/323) through the infra-mammary fold. Histopathologic analysis revealed that 63.5% (202/318) of the tumors were fibroadenoma-related lesions. The mean operative time was 81.4 min (59~89 min), which was decreased with experience increased. The overall rate of complications was 6.5%, and all were minor and wound-related. Among the 110 patients who participated in the self-report cosmetic outcome evaluation, 85.4% reported being satisfied with the cosmetic result, and almost all were satisfied with breast symmetry. Of the patients interviewed, 92.7% reported that they would choose the same procedure if they had to undergo the operation again. Our

  1. Osteoid Osteoma: Benign Osteoblastic Tumor of the Lumbar L4 Transverse Process Associated with Radicular Pain: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebreda, Carlos L; Vallejo, Ricardo; Mayoral-Rojals, Victor; Ojeda, Antonio

    2017-03-30

    Osteoid osteomas of the spine are benign bone tumors typically presenting with progressive pain without neurological deficit. This report presents a case of an osteoid osteoma in the lumbar spine associated with radicular pain. The patient, a young male athlete, presented with severe chronic nightly left low-back pain radiated to the ipsilateral lower extremity who failed to respond to physical therapy and analgesic medications. Initial radiologic examination was reported as normal, but closer inspection of the T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance image as well as technetium-99m total body bone scan and a computed tomography scan revealed a bony lesion in the left transverse process of the L4 vertebra consistent with the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. A selective L3 nerve root block provided significant relief. Surgical excision of the osteoid osteoma resolved the symptoms. This case emphasizes the importance of early suspicion and diagnostic interventions in the detection and treatment of osteoid osteoma. © 2017 World Institute of Pain.

  2. A Rare Case of Phyllodes Tumor Metastasis to the Stomach Presenting as Anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Do Il; Chi, Ho Seok; Lee, Sang Ho; Kwon, Youngmee; Park, Seog Yun; Sim, Sung Hoon; Park, In Hae; Lee, Keun Seok

    2017-07-01

    Metastasis of a phyllodes tumor to the stomach is an extremely rare condition with important clinical implications. A 44-year-old woman was initially diagnosed with a phyllodes tumor in her right breast in 2008, and subsequently presented to an outpatient clinic with dizziness on December 16, 2013. We found that she had severe anemia (hemoglobin levels, 6.7 g/dL), and we quickly performed esophagogastroduodenoscopy to identify the cause. This procedure revealed large ulcerofungating masses with active bleeding in the stomach. Histopathological examination revealed that the masses were consistent with phyllodes tumor metastases. In patients with a metastatic phyllodes tumor presenting as anemia, gastric metastasis should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses because overlooking the possibility might have dire consequences if cytotoxic chemotherapy were administered.

  3. Intraabdominal Intravascular Papillary Endothelial Hyperplasia (Masson’s Tumor: A Rare and Novel Cause of Gastrointestinal Bleeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael C. Meadows

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH, or Masson’s tumor, a rare benign vascular lesion, occurs mainly in the head, neck, and hands in the human population. Aberrant tumor locations have been rarely reported. We present a case of a patient with chronic abdominal pain and melena of variable severity due to a Masson’s tumor, with no apparent Masson’s tumor-associated comorbidities, along with a comprehensive review of the literature. Using PubMed, a search engine provided by the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, we searched for all reports of Masson’s tumor limited within the abdominal cavity. Furthermore, keywords such as ‘intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia’, ‘renal’, ‘gastrointestinal’, ‘hepatic’ and ‘intraabdominal’ were used to facilitate the search. We thus found fourteen cases of intraabdominal Masson’s tumors published. Six (42.9% of these were located in the renal vein, 4 (28.6% were reported in the gastrointestinal tract, 1 (7.1% in the adrenal gland, 1 (7.1% in the liver, and 1 (7.1% instance with multiple lesion sites including the renal hilum and retroperitoneum. Among these patients, 9 (64.3% were female and 5 (35.7% male, with a mean age of 38.9 years (7–69. IPEH is a reactive process, having three subtypes, all involving the proliferation of epithelial cells around a thrombus in the setting of venous stasis. In its pure form, the organized thrombus is solely localized within the vascular lumen. Mixed-form IPEH is formed in preexisting vascular lesions (such as arteriovenous malformation, hemangioma, pyogenic granuloma, etc.. The rarest form is the extravascular variety, which arises in hematomas often from recent trauma to the area. In its pure form, IPEH has a zero recurrence rate when an R0 resection is performed; all mixed and extravascular forms show the highest recurrence rates. The exact histogenesis of these epithelial cells

  4. Ovarian Microcystic Stromal Tumor: A Rare Clinical Manifestation of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Cheng; Gallagher, Renee L; Price, Gareth R; Bolton, Elizabeth; Joy, Christopher; Harraway, James; Venter, Deon J; Armes, Jane E

    2016-11-01

    Microcystic stromal tumor (MST) is a rare tumor of presumed sex-cord stromal differentiation. We present a case of MST arising within a patient with constitutional 5q deletion syndrome, whose deletion encompassed the APC gene. Genomic analysis of the MST revealed a point mutation in the remaining APC allele, predicted to result in abnormal splicing of Exon 7. Subsequent clinical investigation revealed multiple gastrointestinal polyps qualifying for a diagnosis of familial adenomatous polyposis. This case emphasizes the importance of an aberrant Wnt/β-catenin pathway in the development of MST and adds credence to the inclusion of MST as a rare phenotype of familial adenomatous polyposis. In a search for additional genetic aberrations which may contribute to the development of this rare tumor, genomic analysis revealed a frameshift mutation in FANCD2, a protein which plays a key role in DNA repair. This protein is expressed in human ovarian stromal cells and FANCD2-knockout mice are known to develop sex cord-stromal tumors, factors which further support a possible role of aberrant FANCD2 in the development of MST.

  5. Granulosa Cell Tumor-like Variant of Endometrioid Carcinoma of the Ovary with Osseous Metaplasia: Report of a Rare Case

    OpenAIRE

    Kavita Mardi; Neelam Gupta; Shivani Sood; Manju Rao

    2015-01-01

    The sex cord-like variant of endometrioid carcinoma is a rare subtype with a close histological resemblance to the sex cord-stromal tumor of the ovaries, in particular the Sertoli cell tumor. However, very few cases of the granulosa cell tumor-like variant have been reported since it is commonly misdiagnosed as a granulose cell tumor. Immunohistochemistry is useful in the diagnosis of these tumors as they are typically negative for inhibin alpha. We herein describe the histolog...

  6. Nerve sheath tumor, benign neurogenic slow-growing solitary neurilemmoma of the left ulnar nerve: A case and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Andra Elena

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper represent a report of a case with ulnar nerve schwannoma (neurilemmoma, benign neurogenic slow-growing, tumors originating from Schwann cells along the course of a nerve (1 (2 (3. Schwannomas are the most common tumors of the peripheral nerves which occur in the adults (0.8–2% (5. Usually they progress slowly and so they can remain painless swellings for a few years before other symptoms appear. Most of these lesions could be diagnosed clinically, are mobile in the longitudinal plane along the course of the involved nerve but not in the transverse plane (7. EMG, MRI, and ultrasonography are useful tools in the diagnosis. The definitive treatment of benign peripheral nerve schwannomatosis is complete enucleation of the tumor mass without damaging the intact nerve fascicles followed by confirmatory hystopathological examination (12. We present the case of a 62 years old right hand-dominant female who notice a slow increasing bulge over the inner aspect of her distal volar left forearm superior to the wrist, for a longer period of time not exactly specified; this was tracked and associated by pain, tingling and numbness over inner one and half fingers of her left hand in progress until the presentations. A diagnosis of soft-tissue tumor was presumed clinically. The other investigations were ultrasonography (US, nerve conduction studies (NCSs such as sensory nerve action potential (SNAP and compound muscle action potential (CMAP. In this case IRM was suggestive of a benign growth in her left ulnar nerve in the forearm region. Microsurgical techniques were used for ample enucleation of the tumor the distal volar left forearm. Subsequent histopathological examination confirmed the presumed diagnosis of a benign cellular schwannoma. At her last follow-up one month after surgery, the patient was neurological gradually improving sensory and motor function and she is highly satisfied with the results of surgery.

  7. Renal Vein Leiomyoma: A Rare Entity with Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tumors of vascular origin are unusual. These tumors are predominantly malignant and commonly arise from the inferior vena cava. Benign smooth muscle tumors arising from renal vein are very rare. We present a case of leiomyoma of renal vein in a post-menopausal woman that clinically resembled a retroperitoneal paraganglioma.

  8. Malignant Glomus Tumor of the Peritoneum: Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baleato-González, Sandra; García-Figueiras, Roberto; Trujillo-Ariza, Maria Virginia [Department of Radiology, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Choupana s/n, 15701 Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña) (Spain); Carrera-Álvarez, Juan Jose [Department of Pathology, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Choupana s/n, 15701 Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña) (Spain)

    2014-07-01

    Glomus tumors are usually benign tumors that occur in the skin and soft tissues of the extremities. Visceral locations, such as stomach, intestines or lung, are extremely rare because glomus bodies are rare or absent in these organs. This report describes our experience in a 47-year-old woman diagnosed with a peritoneal malignant glomus tumor. This finding has not been previously reported.

  9. A Rare Case of Aggressive Digital Adenocarcinoma of the Lower Extremity, Masquerading as an Ulcerative Lesion that Clinically Favored Benignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Vazales

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A rare case report of Aggressive Digital Adenocarcinoma (ADPCa is presented complete with a literature review encompassing lesions that pose potential diagnostic challenges. Similarities between basal cell carcinoma (BCC, marjolin’s ulceration/squamous cell carcinoma (MSCC and ADPCa are discussed. This article discusses potential treatment options for ADPCa and the need for early biopsy when faced with any challenging lesion. An algorithmic approach to ADPCa treatment based on the most current research is recommended.

  10. Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor: a rare ovarian neoplasm. Case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdeva, Poonam; Arora, Raksha; Dubey, Chandan; Sukhija, Astha; Daga, Mridula; Singh, Deepak Kumar

    2008-04-01

    Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor is a gonadal tumor of the sex cord-stromal type. It is a rare tumor comprising 0.1 to 0.5% of all ovarian tumors. Management of these cases poses a difficult therapeutic challenge. A 13-year-old girl presented with acute urinary retention, excessive hair growth and deepening of the voice. A mass the size of a 28-week gravid uterus was arising from the pelvis. Serum testosterone level was raised to 145.2 ng/dl. Computed tomography revealed a heterogeneously hypoechoic, solid cystic mass arising from the left adnexa. Left salpingo-oophorectomy was done. A histopathological diagnosis of Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (intermediate, Meyers type II) was given. Patients with Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors present with signs of defeminization followed by masculinization. Age of the patient, stage of the disease and degree of tumor differentiation based on morphology are the most important factors to consider in the management of the case.

  11. [Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szporek, Bozena J; Cieślik, Tadeusz; Jedrzejewski, Piotr W; Lipiarz, Ludwik Z

    2005-01-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm which was first described by Pindborg in 1955 representing only 1% of all odontogenic tumors. The tumor has an ectodermal odontogenic origin. This tumor are considered benign but can be locally aggressive in nature with recurrence rates of 10-15% reported. Surgical treatment varies from simply enucleation to partial resection of the affected bone. Since 1973 three cases only of the Pinborg tumor have been presented in the Polish literature. We described the case of a 44-year-old man with Pindborg tumor in the right maxilla. Standard x-ray examinations and CT scan were performed in order to obtain information about tumor's localization. Autors discuss the radiologic features of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor and treatment method and the relevant literature.

  12. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of Prostate: A Rare Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun-Lin Hsieh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A mid-aged male presented with progressive lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS for years. Huge prostate with low serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA level was detected. The specimen from transurethral resection revealed surprising pathology finding as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST. Considering its huge size (more than 300 gm and location, we prescribed neoadjuvant chemotherapy firstly. The tumor became regressive and then radical surgical resection was achieved. Adjuvant multimodality treatment including concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT and target therapy was given. However, he expired about one year later. MPNST originating from prostate is very rare and seldom reported before. We here present this extremely rare disease and share our treatment experience.

  13. TERATOMA OF THE KIDNEY: A RARE CASE OF EXTRAGONADAL GERM CELL TUMOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara R. Panferova

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available For the first time, a clinical observation of a rare case of a mature teratoma of the kidney in a child aged 5 months is presented in domestic literature. A literature review is given on this topic. The clinical picture, characteristic signs of a tumor during ultrasound and X-ray computed tomography, the results of a surgical procedure receive full coverage. Special attention is paid to the morphological characteristics of a mature teratoma.

  14. Differentiating malignant from benign breast tumors on acoustic radiation force impulse imaging using fuzzy-based neural networks with principle component analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hsiao-Chuan; Chou, Yi-Hong; Tiu, Chui-Mei; Hsieh, Chi-Wen; Liu, Brent; Shung, K. Kirk

    2017-03-01

    Many modalities have been developed as screening tools for breast cancer. A new screening method called acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging was created for distinguishing breast lesions based on localized tissue displacement. This displacement was quantitated by virtual touch tissue imaging (VTI). However, VTIs sometimes express reverse results to intensity information in clinical observation. In the study, a fuzzy-based neural network with principle component analysis (PCA) was proposed to differentiate texture patterns of malignant breast from benign tumors. Eighty VTIs were randomly retrospected. Thirty four patients were determined as BI-RADS category 2 or 3, and the rest of them were determined as BI-RADS category 4 or 5 by two leading radiologists. Morphological method and Boolean algebra were performed as the image preprocessing to acquire region of interests (ROIs) on VTIs. Twenty four quantitative parameters deriving from first-order statistics (FOS), fractal dimension and gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) were utilized to analyze the texture pattern of breast tumors on VTIs. PCA was employed to reduce the dimension of features. Fuzzy-based neural network as a classifier to differentiate malignant from benign breast tumors. Independent samples test was used to examine the significance of the difference between benign and malignant breast tumors. The area Az under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated to evaluate the performance of the system. Most all of texture parameters present significant difference between malignant and benign tumors with p-value of less than 0.05 except the average of fractal dimension. For all features classified by fuzzy-based neural network, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and Az were 95.7%, 97.1%, 95% and 0.964, respectively. However, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and Az can be increased to 100%, 97.1%, 98.8% and 0.985, respectively

  15. Deadliest tumor of oral cavity: A rare case of intra oral malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunsavathu Purnachandrarao Naik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant melanoma is a rare tumor arising from the uncontrolled growth of melanocytes found in the basal layer of the epithelium. Although cutaneous malignant melanoma is the third most common malignancy of the skin, it accounts only for 3-5% of all dermal malignancies. Primary malignant melanoma of the oral mucosa is extremely rare, accounting for only 0.2-8% of all malignant melanomas. The incidence is slightly higher in males while others report a higher incidence in females. In the oral cavity, 80% of the cases occur in the maxilla with the prevalence of the hard palate or combined with the gingival or alveolar ridge. In this paper, we present a rare case of a 47-year-old female patient who reported with completely asymptomatic, pigmented growth in the maxillary anterior region.

  16. Nephron-sparing surgery for treatment of reninoma: a rare renin secreting tumor causing secondary hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Cesar Miranda Torricelli

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Main findings A 25-year-old hypertensive female patient was referred to our institution. Initial workup exams demonstrated a 2.8 cm cortical lower pole tumor in the right kidney. She underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy without complications. Histopathologic examination revealed a rare juxtaglomerular cell tumor known as reninoma. After surgery, she recovered uneventfully and all medications were withdrawn. Case hypothesis Secondary arterial hypertension is a matter of great interest to urologists and nephrologists. Renovascular hypertension, primary hyperadosteronism and pheocromocytoma are potential diagnosis that must not be forgotten and should be excluded. Although rare, chronic pyelonephritis and renal tumors as rennin-producing tumors, nephroblastoma, hypernephroma, and renal cell carcinoma might also induce hypertension and should be in the diagnostic list of clinicians. Promising future implications Approximately 5% of patients with high blood pressure have specific causes and medical investigation may usually identify such patients. Furthermore, these patients can be successfully treated and cured, most times by minimally invasive techniques. This interesting case might expand knowledge of physicians and aid better diagnostic care in future medical practice.

  17. Identification of a gain-of-function mutation of the prolactin receptor in women with benign breast tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogorad, Roman L; Courtillot, Carine; Mestayer, Chidi; Bernichtein, Sophie; Harutyunyan, Lilya; Jomain, Jean-Baptiste; Bachelot, Anne; Kuttenn, Frédérique; Kelly, Paul A; Goffin, Vincent; Touraine, Philippe

    2008-09-23

    There is currently no known genetic disease linked to prolactin (Prl) or its receptor (PrlR) in humans. Given the essential role of this hormonal system in breast physiology, we reasoned that genetic anomalies of Prl/PrlR genes may be related to the occurrence of breast diseases with high proliferative potential. Multiple fibroadenomas (MFA) are benign breast tumors which appear most frequently in young women, including at puberty, when Prl has well-recognized proliferative actions on the breast. In a prospective study involving 74 MFA patients and 170 control subjects, we identified four patients harboring a heterozygous single nucleotide polymorphism in exon 6 of the PrlR gene, encoding Ile(146)-->Leu substitution in its extracellular domain. This sole substitution was sufficient to confer constitutive activity to the receptor variant (PrlR(I146L)), as assessed in three reconstituted cell models (Ba/F3, HEK293 and MCF-7 cells) by Prl-independent (i) PrlR tyrosine phosphorylation, (ii) activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) signaling, (iii) transcriptional activity toward a Prl-responsive reporter gene, and (iv) cell proliferation and protection from cell death. Constitutive activity of PrlR(I146L) in the breast sample from a patient was supported by increased STAT5 signaling. This is a unique description of a functional mutation of the PrlR associated with a human disease. Hallmarks of constitutive activity were all reversed by a specific PrlR antagonist, which opens potential therapeutic approaches for MFA, or any other disease that could be associated with this mutation in future.

  18. Preoperative serum tetranectin, CA125 and menopausal status used as single markers in screening and in a risk assessment index (RAI) in discriminating between benign and malignant ovarian tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Begum, F D; Høgdall, E; Kjaer, S K

    2009-01-01

    of the markers to discriminate between the four groups (208 benign ovarian tumor, 153 borderline ovarian tumor (BOT), 445 OC and 1333 age matched controls) in OC screening was examined. We also constructed a risk assessment index (RAI) for discrimination between tumor groups based on these variables...

  19. Mesenteric Panniculitis Radiological Findings of Two Rare Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Aydın

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Majority of the extratesticular masses are benign. And majority of these are comprised by lipomas and adenomatoid tumors. Adenomatoid tumor is a rare benign tumor of mesothelial origin. They generally present as accidentally found painless masses in patients who admit for infertility. They do not possess malign transformation so surgical excision of the mass is sufficient for treatment. Decisive diagnosis is reached by pathological examination. Ultrasonography holds significance for the localization and characterization of the mass hence giving clues for the benign or malign nature and for correct patient guidance and dealing with unnecessary anxiety.

  20. Fibroma of the tendon sheath--a rare hand tumor following repetitive trauma to the palm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousaf, Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    Fibroma of the tendon sheath (FTS) is a rare, benign, soft tissue lesion. Clinically, FTS presents similarly to the more common giant cell tumour of the tendon sheath. It can be distinguished histologically by the lack of giant cells, foamy histiocytes and synovial cells. The author presents a case of FTS involving the flexor tendon to the fourth metacarpal following repetitive trauma. A 42 year old man presented with a three year history of painless mass in the right palm that had increased in size and became painful recently. Examination demonstrated 6 x 4 cm firm, nodular, superficial mass that was adherent to the underlying structures. Radiographs revealed soft tissue mass. Ultrasound showed a solid heterogeneous mass and the MRI demonstrated that the mass cantered predominantly at the mid and distal portion of fourth metacarpal. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology was inconclusive. The patient underwent excisional biopsy of the lesion showing lobulated lesion closely resembling hyalinized collagen. Neither vascular proliferations, necrosis, nor mitoses were observed. A diagnosis of FTS was made. The case report provided an additional rare case to literature of a FTS and highlights the need to consider this entity in the differential diagnosis of any soft tissue lesion in the hand after repetitive trauma. Two months later the patient demonstrated full range of movements in the hand.

  1. Benign odontogenic tumors versus histochemically related tissues: preliminary results from mid-infrared and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolmas, Joanna; Prządka, Rafał

    2014-01-01

    Three types of human odontogenic tumors histologically classified as compound composite odontoma, ossifying fibroma, and Pindborg tumor were characterized using mid-infrared spectroscopy (mid-IR) and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR). For comparison, human jawbone and dental mineralized tissues such as dentin, enamel, and dental cement were also characterized. The studies focused on the structural properties and chemical composition of pathological tissues versus histochemically related tissues. All analyzed tumors were composed of organic and mineral parts and water. Apatite was found to be the main constituent of the mineral part. Various components (water, structural hydroxyl groups, carbonate ions (CO(3)(2-)), and hydrogen phosphate ions (HPO(4)(2-))) and physicochemical parameters (index of apatite maturity and crystallinity) were examined. The highest organic/mineral ratio was observed in fibrocementoma, a finding that can be explained by the fibrous character of the tumor. The lowest relative HPO(4)(2-) content was found in odontoma. This tumor is characterized by the highest mineral crystallinity index and content of structural hydroxyl groups. The Pindborg tumor mineral portion was found to be poorly crystalline and rich in HPO(4)(2-). The relative CO(3)(2-) content was similar in all samples studied. The results of spectroscopic studies of odontogenic tumors were consistent with the standard histochemical analysis. It was shown that the various techniques of ssNMR and elaborate analysis of the mid-IR spectra, applied together, provide valuable information about calcified benign odontogenic tumors.

  2. A Rare Case of Breast Malignant Phyllodes Tumor With Metastases to the Kidney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karczmarek-Borowska, Bożenna; Bukala, Agnieszka; Syrek-Kaplita, Karolina; Ksiazek, Mariusz; Filipowska, Justyna; Gradalska-Lampart, Monika

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Phyllodes tumors are rare breast neoplasms. Surgery is the treatment of choice. The role of postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy is still under dispute, as there are no equivocal prognostic factors. Treatment failure results in the occurrence of distant metastasis—mainly to the lungs, bones, liver, and brain. We have described the case of a woman with a malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast that was surgically treated. She did not receive adjuvant therapy because there is no consensus on the role of postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy. One year following the surgery, the patient had left-sided nephrectomy performed because of a rapidly growing tumor of the kidney. Renal cancer was suspected; however, a histopathological examination revealed that it was a metastatic phyllodes tumor. At the same time, the patient was diagnosed as having metastases in the other kidney, the lungs, liver, and bones. Our case report describes not only an unusual localization of the metastases (in the kidneys), but also failure of the chemotherapy and the aggressive course of malignant phyllodes tumor. Identification of patients with high risk for distant metastasis and the introduction of uniform rules for the management of adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy would make planning treatment as efficacious as possible. PMID:26287414

  3. A Rare Case of Breast Malignant Phyllodes Tumor With Metastases to the Kidney: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karczmarek-Borowska, Bożenna; Bukala, Agnieszka; Syrek-Kaplita, Karolina; Ksiazek, Mariusz; Filipowska, Justyna; Gradalska-Lampart, Monika

    2015-08-01

    Phyllodes tumors are rare breast neoplasms. Surgery is the treatment of choice. The role of postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy is still under dispute, as there are no equivocal prognostic factors. Treatment failure results in the occurrence of distant metastasis-mainly to the lungs, bones, liver, and brain. We have described the case of a woman with a malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast that was surgically treated. She did not receive adjuvant therapy because there is no consensus on the role of postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy. One year following the surgery, the patient had left-sided nephrectomy performed because of a rapidly growing tumor of the kidney. Renal cancer was suspected; however, a histopathological examination revealed that it was a metastatic phyllodes tumor. At the same time, the patient was diagnosed as having metastases in the other kidney, the lungs, liver, and bones.Our case report describes not only an unusual localization of the metastases (in the kidneys), but also failure of the chemotherapy and the aggressive course of malignant phyllodes tumor. Identification of patients with high risk for distant metastasis and the introduction of uniform rules for the management of adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy would make planning treatment as efficacious as possible.

  4. A Rare Case of Tumoral Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Crystal Deposition Disease of the Wrist Joint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osamu Nakamura

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Tumoral calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD crystal deposition disease (CPPDCD, also known as tophaceous calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPDD, is a tumorlike lesion, and it should be distinguished from usual CPDD that causes severe joint inflammation and arthralgia. A case of tumoral CPPDCD of the wrist joint that required differentiation from synovial osteochondromatosis is described. Case Presentation. The patient was a 78-year-old woman with a 5-year history of nodular lesions at the right wrist that had gradually increased in size. An excisional biopsy and a histological examination of the excised nodular lesions by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E staining were performed, demonstrating numerous polarizable, rhabdoid, and rectangular crystals, surrounded by fibroblasts, macrophages, and foreign body-type giant cells, consistent with tumoral CPPDCD. Conclusion. Tumoral CPPDCD, especially at the wrist joint, is rare, and, to the best of our knowledge, only 2 articles have been published. This case seems to need further follow-up for recurrence, because tumoral CPPDCD may recur after complete or incomplete surgical excision.

  5. Surgical treatment of a rare primary renal carcinoid tumor with liver metastasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rowland Randall G

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Carcinoid tumors are characteristically low grade malignant neoplasms with neuroendocrine differentiation that arise in various body sites, most commonly the lung and gastrointestinal tract, but less frequently the kidneys, breasts, ovaries, testes, prostate and other locations. We report a case of a carcinoid of renal origin with synchronous single liver metastases on radiological studies. Case presentation A 45 year-old patient who presented with abdominal pain was found on CT scan to have lesions in the right ovary, right kidney, and left hepatic lobe. CA-125, CEA, and CA 19-9 were within normal limits, as were preoperative liver function tests and renal function. Biopsy of the liver mass demonstrated metastatic neuroendocrine tumor. At laparotomy, the patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, radical right nephrectomy with lymphadenectomy, and left hepatectomy. Pathology evaluation reported a right ovarian borderline serous tumor, well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma of the kidney (carcinoid with 2 positive retroperitoneal lymph nodes, and a single liver metastasis. Immunohistochemistry revealed that this lesion was positive for synaptophysin and CD56, but negative for chromogranin as well as CD10, CD7, and CD20, consistent with a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor. She is doing well one year after her initial surgery, with no evidence of tumor recurrence. Conclusion Early surgical intervention, together with careful surveillance and follow-up, can achieve successful long-term outcomes in patients with this rare malignancy.

  6. Mutations in Exons 9 and 13 of KIT Gene Are Rare Events in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasota, Jerzy; Wozniak, Agnieszka; Sarlomo-Rikala, Maarit; Rys, Janusz; Kordek, Radzislaw; Nassar, Aziza; Sobin, Leslie H.; Miettinen, Markku

    2000-01-01

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, typically express the KIT protein. Activating mutations in the juxtamembrane domain (exon 11) of the c-kit gene have been shown in a subset of GISTs. These mutations lead into ligand-independent activation of the tyrosine kinase of c-kit, and have a transforming effect in vitro. Several groups have studied the clinical implication of the c-kit mutation status of exon 11 in GISTs and a possible relationship between c-kit mutations and malignant behavior has been established. Recently, a 1530ins6 mutation in exon 9 and missense mutations, 1945A>G in exon 13 of the c-kit gene were reported. The frequency and clinical importance of these findings are unknown. In this study we evaluated 200 GISTs for the presence of mutations in exons 9 and 13 of c-kit. Six cases revealed 1530ins6 mutation in exon 9 and two cases 1945A>G mutation in exon 13. All tumors with mutations in exon 9 and 13 lacked mutations in exon 11 of c-kit. None of the analyzed tumors had more than one type of c-kit mutation. All but one of the eight tumors with mutations in exon 9 or 13 of the c-kit gene were histologically and clinically malignant. All four of six cases with exon 9 mutation of which location of primary tumor was known, were small intestinal, suggesting that this type of mutation could preferentially occur in small intestinal tumors. Exon 9 and 13 mutations seem to be rare, and they cover only a small portion (8%) of the balance of GISTs that do not have mutations in exon 11 of c-kit. This finding indicates that other genetic alterations may activate c-kit in GISTs, or that KIT is not activated by mutations in all cases. PMID:11021812

  7. Diffusion weighted imaging for differentiating benign from malignant orbital tumors: Diagnostic performance of the apparent diffusion coefficient based on region of interest selection method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Xiao Quan; Hu, Hao Hu; Su, Guo Yi; Liu, Hu; Shi, Hai Bin; Wu, Fei Yun [First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China)

    2016-09-15

    To evaluate the differences in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements based on three different region of interest (ROI) selection methods, and compare their diagnostic performance in differentiating benign from malignant orbital tumors. Diffusion-weighted imaging data of sixty-four patients with orbital tumors (33 benign and 31 malignant) were retrospectively analyzed. Two readers independently measured the ADC values using three different ROIs selection methods including whole-tumor (WT), single-slice (SS), and reader-defined small sample (RDSS). The differences of ADC values (ADC-ROI{sub WT}, ADC-ROI{sub SS}, and ADC-ROI{sub RDSS}) between benign and malignant group were compared using unpaired t test. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine and compare their diagnostic ability. The ADC measurement time was compared using ANOVA analysis and the measurement reproducibility was assessed using Bland-Altman method and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Malignant group showed significantly lower ADC-ROI{sub WT}, ADC-ROI{sub SS}, and ADC-ROI{sub RDSS} than benign group (all p < 0.05). The areas under the curve showed no significant difference when using ADC-ROI{sub WT}, ADC-ROI{sub SS}, and ADC-ROI{sub RDSS} as differentiating index, respectively (all p > 0.05). The ROI{sub SS} and ROI{sub RDSS} required comparable measurement time (p > 0.05), while significantly shorter than ROI{sub WT} (p < 0.05). The ROI{sub SS} showed the best reproducibility (mean difference ± limits of agreement between two readers were 0.022 [-0.080–0.123] × 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s; ICC, 0.997) among three ROI method. Apparent diffusion coefficient values based on the three different ROI selection methods can help to differentiate benign from malignant orbital tumors. The results of measurement time, reproducibility and diagnostic ability suggest that the ROI{sub SS} method are potentially useful for clinical practice.

  8. Yolk sac primary tumor of mediastino: a rare case in a young adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Lorena Luryann Cartaxo da; Vergilio, Fernanda Sasaki; Yamaguti, Diva Carvalho Collarile; Cruz, Isabela Azevedo Nicodemos da; Queen, Joana Angrisani Granato

    2017-09-21

    Germ cell tumors are rare neoplasms that mostly occur in the gonads, although they can also affect other body sites, especially the anterior mediastinum (50 to 70% of all extragonadal germ cell tumors). We report a case of a primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor, a rare and aggressive germ cell tumors subtype. This was a 38-year-old man who was admitted to Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual "Francisco Morato de Oliveira", complaining about dyspnea and dry cough for 1 year. The computed tomography scan of his chest revealed a large mass in the anterior mediastinum with heterogeneous enhancement to the contrast associated with pleural effusion. There were also high serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the patient underwent surgical resection of the mass, followed by pathological examination, which confirmed a primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor, a nonseminomatous subtype of germ cell tumors. Primary mediastinal yolk sac tumors have poor prognosis, despite advances in therapy with surgical resection and cisplatin-based chemotherapy. This poor prognosis is due to the degree of invasion and unresectability in most patients by the time of the diagnosis. RESUMO Os tumores de células germinativas são neoplasias raras que acometem mais frequentemente as gônadas, embora possam também ocorrer em outras localizações do corpo, destacando-se o mediastino anterior (50 a 70% de todos os tumores de células germinativas extragonadais). No presente artigo, relatamos um caso de tumor de saco vitelínico mediastinal primário, de subtipo raro e agressivo de tumor de células germinativas. Tratava-se de um homem, 38 anos, admitido no Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual "Francisco Morato de Oliveira", com quadro de dispneia e tosse seca há 1 ano. Na investigação clínica, foi solicitada tomografia computadorizada de tórax, que mostrou volumosa massa no mediastino anterior com realce heterogêneo ao meio de contraste associada a derrame pleural

  9. Process of Care for Patients With Benign Cysts and Tumors: Consensus Document of the Andalusian Regional Section of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Ramírez, D; Ruiz-Villaverde, R; de Troya, M; Reyes-Alcázar, V; Alcalde, M; Galán, M; García-Lora, E; García, E I; Linares, M; Martínez, L; Pulpillo, Á; Suárez, C; Vélez, A; Torres, A

    2016-06-01

    Benign skin lesions are a common reason for visits to primary care physicians and dermatologists. However, access to diagnosis and treatment for these lesions varies considerably between users, primarily because no explicit or standardized criteria for dealing with these patients have been defined. Principally with a view to reducing this variability in the care of patients with benign cysts or tumors, the Andalusian Regional Section of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) has created a Process of Care document that describes a clinical pathway and quality-of-care characteristics for each action. This report also makes recommendations for decision-making with respect to lesions of this type. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  10. Intramedullary spinal cord abscess presentation which is mimicking spinal tumor: A rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tevfik Yılmaz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Intramedullary spinal cord abscess (ISCA is extraordinarly a rare infectious disease which can mimick spinal cord tumor with high morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of ISCA is very tricky and time consuming. 3-year-old boy presented to his physician with agitation, limited neck motions, progressive weaknesses of arm and leg, and urine, feces retention. A contrast enhanced MRI of the cervical spine revealed an intramedullary mass. The mass was identified to be an abscess during surgery and abscess was evacuated and irrigated completely with myelotomy. Culture of the abscess material showed meticilline sensitive Stapylococcus aureus. Patient showed improvement in his neurologic and sphincter deficits. Cervical intramedullary spinal cord abscess is a rare infectious disease of spinal cord which can cause permanent neurologic deficits without early diagnosis, wheras if it is diagnosed, and treated early this can prevent complications. So ISCA should kept in mind in patients who presents with spinal mass.

  11. Non-syndromic multiple keratocyst odontogenic tumor: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhijeet Alok

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs are one of the most frequent features of nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS. The condition is linked with mutation in the PTCH gene. Partial expression of the gene may result in occurrence of multiple recurring odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs. Although KCOTs are common in clinical practice, simultaneous occurrence of multiple cysts in both the maxilla and mandible of a patient is rare. These patients have early propensity to develop multiple neoplasms like basal cell carcinoma and medulloblastoma. Hence, early diagnosis and treatment is of utmost importance in reducing the severity of the long-term sequelae of NBCCS. We report a rare case of multiple KCOTs in a non-syndromic male patient, with emphasis on its diagnosis, radiographic features, and treatment.

  12. Bone tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tumor - bone; Bone cancer; Primary bone tumor; Secondary bone tumor; Bone tumor - benign ... The cause of bone tumors is unknown. They often occur in areas of the bone that grow rapidly. Possible causes include: Genetic defects passed down ...

  13. New Developments and Challenges in Rare Genitourinary Tumors: Non-Urothelial Bladder Cancers and Squamous Cell Cancers of the Penis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragon-Ching, Jeanny B; Pagliaro, Lance C

    2017-01-01

    The diagnosis and treatment of rare genitourinary tumors is inherently challenging. The Rare Diseases Act of 2002 initially defined a rare disorder as one that affects fewer than 200,000 Americans. The lack of widely available clinical guidelines, limited research funding, and inaccessible clinical trials often lead to difficulty with treatment decisions to guide practitioners in rendering effective care for patients with rare genitourinary cancers. This article will discuss basic tenets of diagnosis and treatment as well as recent developments and clinical trials in rare non-urothelial bladder cancers and penile squamous cell cancers.

  14. "Osseous tumors of the hand "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    "Farzan M

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available The majority of osseous tumors of the hand are benign. The surgeon who evaluates and treats osseous tumors of the hand has to be familiar with limb anatomy, tumor biology, various presentations of the tumors and the range of treatment possibilities and their limitations. Lesions in the hand more often present earlier in their course than those at other sites, just because they are more likely to superficial and easily noticed. A review of all cases of osseous tumors of the hand, seen by a hand surgeon over the last 10 years, at Imam Khomeini hospital was performed. Among 55 cases with osseous tumors of hand, 48 primary benign bone tumors, 3 primary malignant bone tumors, and 4 metastatic bone tumors were found. Enchondroma was the most common benign bone tumor followed by osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, aneurismal bone cyst, giant cell tumor, epidermoid cyst, and osteochondroma. There were two chondrosarcoma and one Ewing’s sarcoma as primary malignant bone tumors. Metastasis to the hand from colon, esophagus, and breast were also found. There were also two cases with Brown tumor secondary to hyperparathyroidism, we conclude that a variety of osseous tumors could occur in the hand, and usually they are benign. Although malignant neoplasms in the hand that arise from tissues other than the skin are very rare, the hand may be the site of distant breast, lung, kidney, esophagus, or colon adenocarcinoma metastases, most of which have a predilection for the distal phalanges.

  15. Granulosa Cell Tumor-like Variant of Endometrioid Carcinoma of the Ovary with Osseous Metaplasia: Report of a Rare Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kavita Mardi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The sex cord-like variant of endometrioid carcinoma is a rare subtype with a close histological resemblance to the sex cord-stromal tumor of the ovaries, in particular the Sertoli cell tumor. However, very few cases of the granulosa cell tumor-like variant have been reported since it is commonly misdiagnosed as a granulose cell tumor. Immunohistochemistry is useful in the diagnosis of these tumors as they are typically negative for inhibin alpha. We herein describe the histological and immunohistochemical features of a rare case of granulosa cell tumor-like variant of endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary with extensive areas of hyalinization, calcification and osseous metaplasia in a 45-year-old female patient.

  16. Rare case of blastemal predominant adult Wilms′ tumor with skeletal metastasis case report and brief review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi Patnayak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Wilms′ tumor (nephroblastoma is extremely rare in adults, skeletal metastasis being still rarer. The clinical course of adult Wilms′ tumor is very aggressive. The present case is a rare blastemal predominant adult Wilms′ tumor presenting with skeletal metastasis. We report a case of 19-year-old female presented with severe low backache and colicky left loin pain of 3 months and progressive weakness of 15 days duration. Magnetic resonance image (MRI of lumbosacral spine was reported as spinal metastasis with right renal mass. The patient underwent right radical nephrectomy and the tumor was histopathologically confirmed as adult Wilms′ tumor. In case of adult Wilms′ tumor, distant metastasis may be the first presentation and this possibility should be considered when an adult patient presents with flank pain and a renal mass.

  17. Solitary fibrous tumor: A center's experience and an overview of the symptomatology, the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of this rare tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Pleura (SFTP is a rare tumor of the pleura. Worldwide about 800 patients diagnosed with this oncological entity have been described in the existing literature. We report our center's 13 year experience. During this time three patients suffering from this rare disease have been treated in our department. All patients were asymptomatic and their diagnosis was initially triggered by a random finding in a routine chest x-ray. The diagnosis was set preoperatively through a needle biopsy under computer tomography (CT guidance. The tumors were resected surgically though video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS or thoracotomy. Because of the lack of specific guidelines due to the rarity of the disease a long-term, systematic follow-up was recommended and performed. Parallel an overview of the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of the rare tumor is made.

  18. A 'Benign' Sphenoid Ridge Meningioma Manifesting as a Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Associated with Tumor Invasion into the Middle Cerebral Artery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rim, Nae Jung; Kim, Ho Sung; Kim, Sun Yong [Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-07-15

    Meningioma rarely manifests as a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and invasion directly into a major intracranial artery is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, meningioma presenting with an SAH associated with major intracranial arterial invasion has never been reported. We present a case of sphenoid ridge meningotheliomatous meningioma manifesting as an SAH without pathologically atypical or malignant features, due to direct tumor invasion into the middle cerebral artery

  19. Neurolipoma: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banyameen Iqbal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A lipoma is a common type of benign tumor and a neurolipoma is one of its variants. It is also referred to as neural fibrolipoma, fibrolipomatous hamartoma, intramural lipoma, and lipomatosis of nerve. The most common sites of presentation are the volar aspects of the hands, wrists, and forearms of young persons. The median nerve is most commonly involved. Lower-extremity cases are extremely rare. We report here a rare case involving the median nerve without any skeletal deformity occurring in a male patient. It usually presents with swelling associated with pain and tenderness.

  20. Phyllodes Tumor in a Lactating Breast

    OpenAIRE

    Murthy, Sudha S.; Raju, K. V. V. N.; Nair, Haripreetha G.

    2016-01-01

    Phyllodes tumor is attributed to a small fraction of primary tumors of the breast. Such tumors occur rarely in pregnancy and lactation. We report a case of a 25-year-old lactating mother presenting with a lump in the left breast. Core needle biopsy was opined as phyllodes tumor with lactational changes, and subsequent wide local excision confirmed the diagnosis of benign phyllodes tumor with lactational changes. The characteristic gross and microscopic findings of a well-circumscribed lesion ...

  1. Differentiation of benign periablational enhancement from residual tumor following radio-frequency ablation using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in a rat subcutaneous colon cancer model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hanping; Patel, Ravi B; Zheng, Yuanyi; Solorio, Luis; Krupka, Tianyi M; Ziats, Nicholas P; Haaga, John R; Exner, Agata A

    2012-03-01

    Benign periablational enhancement (BPE) response to thermal injury is a barrier to early detection of residual tumor in contrast enhanced imaging after radio-frequency (RF) ablation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of quantitative of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in early differentiation of BPE from residual tumor in a BD-IX rat subcutaneous colon cancer model. A phantom study was first performed to test the validity of the perfusion parameters in predicting blood flow of two US contrast imaging modes-contrast harmonic imaging (CHI) and microflow imaging (MFI). To create a simple model of BPE, a peripheral portion of the tumor was ablated along with surrounding normal tissue, leaving part of the tumor untreated. First-pass dynamic enhancement (FPDE) and MFI scans of CEUS were performed before ablation and immediately, 1, 4 and 7 days after ablation. Time-intensity-curves in regions of BPE and residual tumor were fitted to the function y = A(1-exp[-β{t-t0}])+C, in which A, β, t0 and C represent blood volume, flow speed, time to start and baseline intensity, respectively. In the phantom study, positive linear correlations were noted between A, β, Aβ and contrast concentration, speed and flow rate, respectively, in both CHI and MFI. On CEUS images of the in vivo study, the unenhanced ablated zone was surrounded by BPE and irregular peripheral enhancement consistent with residual tumor. On days 0, 4 and 7, blood volume (A) in BPE was significantly higher than that in residual tumor in both FPDE imaging and MFI. Significantly greater blood flow (Aβ) was seen in BPE compared with residual tumor tissue in FPDE on day 7 and in MFI on day 4. The results of this study demonstrate that qualitative CEUS can be potentially used for early detection of viable tumor in post-ablation assessment. Copyright © 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Odontogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrysomali, Evanthia; Leventis, Minas; Titsinides, Savas; Kyriakopoulos, Vasileios; Sklavounou, Alexandra

    2013-09-01

    This study aims to analyze the frequency and distribution of odontogenic tumors in a Greek population and compare the findings with those reported in the recent literature. Records of the Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Dental School, University of Athens, with histologic diagnosis of odontogenic tumors (based on the World Health Organization 2005 classification) were reviewed retrospectively from January 1970 to December 2011. A total of 652 cases of odontogenic tumors were reported. Of these, 651 (99.8%) were benign and only 1 (0.2%) was malignant. Keratocystic odontogenic tumor was the most frequent lesion (52.7%), followed by odontoma (18.9%) and ameloblastoma (16.1%). The mean age of patients was 38.0 years with a wide range (2.5-92 years). Odontogenic tumors are rare lesions and appear to show a definite geographic variation. In Athens, Greece, they are presented mainly by the keratocystic odontogenic tumor, odontoma, and ameloblastoma.

  3. Cavernous Lymphangioma of the Lower Lip- A Rare Case Report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lymphangioma are rare, benign, and hamartomatous tumors of the lymphatic vessels, that show a marked predilection for the head and neck region. Very few cases of Cavernous lymphangioma have been reported to occur in the lower lip. We report a rare case of Cavernous Lymphangioma of the lower lip in a 13 years old ...

  4. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma: an overview and update on a rare vascular tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Sardaro

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor, described for the first time in 1975 by Dail and Liebow as an aggressive bronchoalveolar cell carcinoma. The etiology is still a dilemma. Studies about suggestive hypothesis are ongoing. Most of the times it affects lung, liver and bones, although this kind of tumor may involve the head and neck area, breast, lymph nodes, mediastinum, brain and meninges, the spine, skin, abdomen and many other sites. Because of its heterogeneous presentation, as it represents less than 1% of all the vascular tumors, it is often misdiagnosed and not suitably treated, leading to a poor prognosis in some cases. Over 50-76% of the patients are asymptomatic. A small number of them complains respiratory symptoms. Bone metastases might cause pathological fractures or spine compression, if they arise in vertebrae. Imaging is necessary to determine morphological data, the involvement of surrounding tissues, and potentially the cleavage plan. It is important to recognize the expression of vascular markers (Fli-1 and CD31 are endothelial-specific markers, and the microscopic evidence of vascular differentiation to make a correct diagnosis, as many pulmonary diseases show multiple nodular lesions. Because of its rarity, there is no standard for treatment. We focused on radiotherapy as a good therapeutic option: despite the poor prognosis, evidence is in favor of radiotherapy which offers local pain control with good tolerance and better quality of life at least at a one-year follow-up in most of cases. Further studies are needed to establish the standard radiation dose to be used for locoregional control of such a complex and extremely rare disease.

  5. High prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in liver cancer patients: A hospital based study of 4610 patients with benign tumors or specific cancers [version 1; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Roujun

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT and impaired fasting glucose (IFG were hypothesised to be different among different tumor patients. This study aimed to study the association between the prevalence of DM, IGT and IFG and liver cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer and benign tumor. Methods:  A hospital based retrospective study was conducted on 4610 patients admitted to the Internal Medical Department of the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, China. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between gender, age group, ethnicity , cancer types or benign tumors and prevalence of DM, IFG, IGT. Results: Among 4610 patients, there were 1000 liver cancer patients, 373 breast cancer patients, 415 nasopharyngeal cancer patients, 230 cervical cancer patients, 405 colorectal cancer patients, and 2187 benign tumor patients. The prevalence of DM and IGT in liver cancer patients was 14.7% and 22.1%, respectively. The prevalence of DM and IGT was 13.8% and 20%, respectively, in colorectal cancer patients, significantly higher than that of benign cancers. After adjusting for gender, age group, and ethnicity, the prevalence of DM and IGT in liver cancers patients was 1.29 times (CI :1.12-1.66 and 1.49 times (CI :1.20-1.86 higher than that of benign tumors, respectively. Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of DM and IGT in liver cancer patients.

  6. Enrichment and Detection of Circulating Tumor Cells and Other Rare Cell Populations by Microfluidic Filtration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugia, Michael; Magbanua, Mark Jesus M; Park, John W

    2017-01-01

    The current standard methods for isolating circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood involve EPCAM-based immunomagnetic approaches. A major disadvantage of these strategies is that CTCs with low EPCAM expression will be missed. Isolation by size using filter membranes circumvents the reliance on this cell surface marker, and can facilitate the capture not only of EPCAM-negative CTCs but other rare cells as well. These cells that are trapped on the filter membrane can be characterized by immunocytochemistry (ICC) , enumerated and profiled to elucidate their clinical significance. In this chapter, we discuss advances in filtration systems to capture rare cells as well as downstream ICC methods to detect and identify these cells. We highlight our recent clinical study demonstrating the feasibility of using a novel method consisting of automated microfluidic filtration and sequential ICC for detection and enumeration of CTCs, as well as circulating mesenchymal cells (CMCs), circulating endothelial cells (CECs), and putative circulating stem cells (CSCs). We hypothesize that simultaneous analysis of circulating rare cells in blood of cancer patients may lead to a better understanding of disease progression and development of resistance to therapy.

  7. Immunohistochemistry with apoptotic-antiapoptotic proteins (p53, p21, bax, bcl-2), c-kit, telomerase, and metallothionein as a diagnostic aid in benign, borderline, and malignant serous and mucinous ovarian tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background In many tumors including ovarian cancer, cell proliferation and apoptosis are important in pathogenesis and there are many alterations in most of the genes related to the cell cycle. This study was designed to evaluate immunohistochemistry with apoptotic-antiapoptotic proteins (p53, p21, bax, and bcl-2), c-kit, telomerase, and metallothionein as a diagnostic aid in typing of benign, borderline, and malignant serous and mucinous ovarian tumors. Methods Total of 68 ovarian tumors, 25 benign [13 (19.1%) serous and12 (17.6%) mucinous], 16 borderline [9 (13.2%) serous and 7(10.3%) mucinous], and 27 malignant ovarian tumors [24 (35.3%) serous and 3 (4.4%) mucinous tumors] were included in the study. Immunohistochemical expression of p53, p21, bax, bcl–2, telomerase, c-kit, and metallothionein were evaluated. Results When all 68 cases were evaluated as benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors without considering histopathological subtypes, the p53, p21, bax and metallothionein showed significantly higher staining scores in the borderline and malignant ones (p borderline and malignant tumors combined, p53 was not used because all benign tumors has no staining, and p21, bax, and metallothionein was determined the significant predictors for borderline and malignant tumors combined (p borderline and malignant tumors, only p53 was determined the significant predictor for malignant tumors (p borderline and malignant or serous and mucinous. p53, p21, bax, c-kit, and metallothionein may have different roles in the pathogenesis of ovarian tumor types. p53 and metallothionein may be helpful in the typing of borderline and malignant ovarian tumors. The immunohistochemical staining with bcl-2 and telomerase may not provide meaningful contribution for the typing of ovarian tumors. Virtual slide The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/2013030833768498 PMID:22995373

  8. Occurrence of epidermal growth factor receptors in benign and malignant ovarian tumors and normal ovarian tissues: an immunohistochemical study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.C. Henzen-Logmans; M.E.L. van der Burg (Maria); J.A. Foekens (John); P.M.J.J. Berns (Els); R. Brussée (R.); J.H. Fieret (J.); J.G.M. Klijn (Jan); D. Chadha; C.J. Rodenburg (C.)

    1992-01-01

    textabstractEpidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) was studied with monoclonal antibody 2E9 on 50 ovarian tumors of various histological types and 10 non-tumorous ovarian tissues by immunohistochemistry. Enhanced expression was observed in 26/50 (52%) of the tumors. Only 25 out of 46 epithelial

  9. Genetic polymorphisms in UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A6 and 1A7 and the risk for benign Warthin's tumors of the parotid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacko, Martin; Voogd, Adri C; van de Goor, Rens C E; Roelofs, Hennie M J; Te Morsche, Rene H M; Bouvy, Nicole D; Peters, Wilbert H M; Manni, Johannes J

    2016-04-01

    Warthin's tumors of the parotid gland are associated with smoking, whereas pleomorphic adenomas are not. Genetic polymorphisms in biotransformation enzymes, involved in detoxification of toxins and carcinogens in cigarette smoke, might modify the corresponding enzyme activity and influence detoxifying capacity. We hypothesize that these genetic polymorphisms may influence the individual risk for Warthin's tumor, but not for pleomorphic adenomas. Blood from 146 patients with benign parotid gland tumors and 437 controls were investigated for polymorphisms in several biotransformation enzymes. Based on these polymorphisms, patients and controls were divided according to predicted enzyme activity (low, intermediate, and high). Prevalence of predicted intermediate and high activity UGT1A7 and UGT1A6 genotypes was significantly higher in the patients with Warthin's tumors, but not in patients with pleomorphic adenomas, compared with healthy controls. Predicted intermediate and high activity UGT1A7 and UGT1A6 genotypes are associated with an increased risk for Warthin's tumor. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 38: E717-E723, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Production of basement membrane laminin and type IV collagen by tumors of striated muscle: an immunohistochemical study of rhabdomyosarcomas of different histologic types and a benign vaginal rhabdomyoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autio-Harmainen, H; Apaja-Sarkkinen, M; Martikainen, J; Taipale, A; Rapola, J

    1986-12-01

    Immunohistochemical methods were used to demonstrate the distribution of basement membrane laminin and type IV collagen in eight tumors derived from striated muscle (three botryoid, two alveolar, and two adult-type rhabdomyosarcomas; one benign vaginal rhabdomyoma). All of the tumors produced significant amounts of both basement membrane components. Stainings clearly revealed the alveolar nature of the rhabdomyosarcomas, with the alveolar spaces surrounded by distinct basement membranes. Different stages of cellular development were identified in the botryoid sarcomas, with the most immature cells of the cambium layer devoid of external basement membrane around the tumor cells, although the stroma contained finely dispersed basement membrane material and some cells contained intracytoplasmic laminin or type IV collagen, indicative of the synthesis of these proteins. The more mature cells, which had abundant granular cytoplasm, were enveloped by distinct basement membranes and seemed to have coalesced, forming structures resembling myotubes. The adult-type rhabdomyosarcomas were composed of large pleomorphic cells that were surrounded by basement membranes, either individually or in small groups. Some giant cells contained intracytoplasmic laminin. The vaginal rhabdomyoma was composed of round rhabdoblastic cells or elongated strap cells with cross-striations. Cells of both of these types were surrounded by thin but distinct basement membranes. The results suggest that demonstration of basement membranes would be helpful in the diagnosis of tumors derived from striated muscle. The findings concerning different stages of maturation of tumor cells are in accordance with previous in vitro observations of myoblastic cells.

  11. Polytomous diagnosis of ovarian tumors as benign, borderline, primary invasive or metastatic: development and validation of standard and kernel-based risk prediction models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Testa Antonia C

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hitherto, risk prediction models for preoperative ultrasound-based diagnosis of ovarian tumors were dichotomous (benign versus malignant. We develop and validate polytomous models (models that predict more than two events to diagnose ovarian tumors as benign, borderline, primary invasive or metastatic invasive. The main focus is on how different types of models perform and compare. Methods A multi-center dataset containing 1066 women was used for model development and internal validation, whilst another multi-center dataset of 1938 women was used for temporal and external validation. Models were based on standard logistic regression and on penalized kernel-based algorithms (least squares support vector machines and kernel logistic regression. We used true polytomous models as well as combinations of dichotomous models based on the 'pairwise coupling' technique to produce polytomous risk estimates. Careful variable selection was performed, based largely on cross-validated c-index estimates. Model performance was assessed with the dichotomous c-index (i.e. the area under the ROC curve and a polytomous extension, and with calibration graphs. Results For all models, between 9 and 11 predictors were selected. Internal validation was successful with polytomous c-indexes between 0.64 and 0.69. For the best model dichotomous c-indexes were between 0.73 (primary invasive vs metastatic and 0.96 (borderline vs metastatic. On temporal and external validation, overall discrimination performance was good with polytomous c-indexes between 0.57 and 0.64. However, discrimination between primary and metastatic invasive tumors decreased to near random levels. Standard logistic regression performed well in comparison with advanced algorithms, and combining dichotomous models performed well in comparison with true polytomous models. The best model was a combination of dichotomous logistic regression models. This model is available online

  12. Evolution of laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy without the Pringle maneuver: through resection of benign and malignant tumors to living liver donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Huysse, Jacques; Berrevoet, Frederik; Vandenbossche, Bert; Sainz-Barriga, Mauricio; Vinci, Alessio; Ricciardi, Salvatore; Bocchetti, Tommaso; Rogiers, Xavier; de Hemptinne, Bernard

    2010-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy (LLS) has gained popularity in its use for benign and malignant tumors. This report describes the evolution of the authors’ experience using laparoscopic LLS for different indications including living liver donation. Methods Between January 2004 and January 2009, 37 consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic LLS for benign, primary, and metastatic liver diseases, and for one case of living liver donation. Resection of malignant tumors was indicated for 19 (51%) of the 37 patients. Results All but three patients (deceased due to metastatic cancer disease) are alive and well after a median follow-up period of 20 months (range, 8–46 months). Liver cell adenomas (72%) were the main indication among benign tumors, and colorectal liver metastases (84%) were the first indication of malignancy. One case of live liver donation was performed. Whereas 16 patients (43%) had undergone a previous abdominal surgery, 3 patients (8%) had LLS combined with bowel resection. The median operation time was of 195 min (range, 115–300 min), and the median blood loss was of 50 ml (range, 0–500 ml). Mild to severe steatosis was noted in 7 patients (19%) and aspecific portal inflammation in 11 patients (30%). A median free margin of 5 mm (range, 5–27 mm) was achieved for all cancer patients. The overall recurrence rate for colorectal liver metastases was of 44% (7 patients), but none recurred at the surgical margin. No conversion to laparotomy was recorded, and the overall morbidity rate was 8.1% (1 grade 1 and 2 grade 2 complications). The median hospital stay was 6 days (range, 2–10 days). Conclusions Laparoscopic LLS without portal clamping can be performed safely for cases of benign and malignant liver disease with minimal blood loss and overall morbidity, free resection margins, and a favorable outcome. As the ultimate step of the learning curve, laparoscopic LLS could be routinely proposed, potentially increasing

  13. Spinal meningeal melanocytoma with benign histology showing leptomeningeal spread: Case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ok Hwa; Kim, Seon Jeong; Choo, Hye Jung; Lee, Sun Joo; Kim, Ji Yeon; Kim, Hoon [Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Lee, In Sook [Dept. of Radiology, Busan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-06-15

    Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare benign tumor with relatively good prognosis. However, local aggressive behavior of meningeal melanocytoma has been reported, especially in cases of incomplete surgical resection. Malignant transformation was raised as possible cause by prior reports to explain this phenomenon. We present an unusual case of meningeal melanocytoma associated with histologically benign leptomeningeal spread and its subsequent aggressive clinical course, and describe its radiological findings.

  14. Label-free LC-MSe in tissue and serum reveals protein networks underlying differences between benign and malignant serous ovarian tumors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter Wegdam

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To identify proteins and (molecular/biological pathways associated with differences between benign and malignant epithelial ovarian tumors. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES: Serum of six patients with a serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary was collected before treatment, with a control group consisting of six matched patients with a serous cystadenoma. In addition to the serum, homogeneous regions of cells exhibiting uniform histology were isolated from benign and cancerous tissue by laser microdissection. We subsequently employed label-free liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MSe to identify proteins in these serum and tissues samples. Analyses of differential expression between samples were performed using Bioconductor packages and in-house scripts in the statistical software package R. Hierarchical clustering and pathway enrichment analyses were performed, as well as network enrichment and interactome analysis using MetaCore. RESULTS: In total, we identified 20 and 71 proteins that were significantly differentially expressed between benign and malignant serum and tissue samples, respectively. The differentially expressed protein sets in serum and tissue largely differed with only 2 proteins in common. MetaCore network analysis, however inferred GCR-alpha and Sp1 as common transcriptional regulators. Interactome analysis highlighted 14-3-3 zeta/delta, 14-3-3 beta/alpha, Alpha-actinin 4, HSP60, and PCBP1 as critical proteins in the tumor proteome signature based on their relative overconnectivity. The data have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD001084. DISCUSSION: Our analysis identified proteins with both novel and previously known associations to ovarian cancer biology. Despite the small overlap between differentially expressed protein sets in serum and tissue, APOA1 and Serotransferrin were significantly lower expressed in both serum and cancer tissue samples, suggesting a tissue-derived effect in serum

  15. Aneurysmal bone cyst of medial end of clavicle in a child, a rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yashavntha, Kumar C; Nalini, K B; Menon, Jagdish; Patro, D K

    2014-06-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst is a locally aggressive benign tumor accounting for 3 % of all benign bone tumors. It most commonly arises from ends of long bones and relatively rare in flat bones. Clavicle is a very rare site for bone tumors with secondaries more common than primaries. Very few cases of aneurysmal bone cyst have been reported in literature. We hereby report interesting and a rare case of aneurysmal bone cyst of medial end of clavicle in a eight year old lady which was treated with extended curettage and calcium sulfate bone grafting.

  16. Synchronous occurrence of odontogenic myxoma with multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors in nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Zhe; Liu, Bing; Zhang, WenFeng; Chen, XinMing

    2013-01-01

    The keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is a benign developmental tumor with many distinguishing clinical and histologic features. Usually, multiple KCOTs occur as a component of nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. The odontogenic myxoma is a rare benign tumor that represents about 3% of all odontogenic tumors. This article reports the case of mandible odontogenic myxoma with synchronous occurrence of multiple KCOTs, partial expression of nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. A review of the international literature is also presented.

  17. Primary Small Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx: A Case Report of a Rare Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Bayram

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Primary hypopharynx involvement of small cell carcinoma is very rare and very few cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of primary small cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx in a male patient. Case Report. A 50-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of sore throat and swellings in the right side of the neck. Direct laryngoscopy and biopsy revealed small cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx located in the right pyriform sinus. Discussion. Small cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx has no clear treatment modality due to the rarity of the disease. Systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy should have priority among the therapy regimens because of the high metastatic potential of the tumor.

  18. A case report of an extremely rare and aggressive tumor: primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Krause

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Primary pericardial malignant mesothelioma (PMPM is extremely rare with an incidence less than 0.0022%. It comprises 0.7% of all mesothelioma cases. To date, approximately 350 cases of pericardial mesothelioma have been reported in the literature. Its typical presentation is insidious, with nonspecific signs and symptoms, and usually results in constrictive pericarditis, cardiac tamponade and congestive heart failure either by a serous effusion or by direct tumorous constriction of the heart. With the exception of several case reports, the outcome is uniformly fatal, and patients typically die within six months of diagnosis. Here we report a 72-year-old Caucasian male with persistent pericardial and pleural effusion. He was diagnosed with PMPM after pericardectomy. He had only one cycle of chemotherapy with cisplatin and pemetrexed. He developed acute kidney injury as result of chemotherapy. He died 1 month after diagnosis and 6 months after the first symptoms.

  19. Tumor of the heart in a young woman; a rare manifestation of Wegener granulomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Remmi; Rosen, Seymour

    2012-02-01

    Wegener granulomatosis may rarely present with tumor masses that are in areas not typically involved by the disease. Although some cases have an associated positive anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies, other cases do not, especially those of the limited form. To prevent misdiagnosis and ensure prompt treatment, it is extremely important to consider Wegener granulomatosis even in cases without the classic clinical findings. We report a case of a 19-year-old woman with no prior significant medical history who presented with persistent ventricular tachycardia and a papillary muscle mass in her left ventricle which upon excision and tissue evaluation demonstrated histologic changes of Wegener granulomatosis. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Expression of c-Kit, Flk-1, and Flk-2 Receptors in Benign and Malignant Tumors of Follicular Epithelial Origin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung-Pao Kung

    2006-02-01

    Conclusion: Flk-2 expression was detected in various forms of thyroid tumors and increased Flk-2 expression was correlated with thyroid tumors with increased transforming activity, suggesting that Flk-2 is involved in pathogenic development of thyroid malignancy. Similarly, Flk-1 expression was also found in some thyroid tumors, while the expression of c-Kit-mediated pathways may not play a major role in thyroid tumorigenesis.

  1. Tumores ósseos benignos e lesões ósseas Pseudotumorais: tratamento atual e novas tendências Benign bone tumors and tumor-like bone lesions: treatment update and new trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcos Nogueira Drumond

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento dos tumores ósseos benignos (TOB e lesões ósseas pseudotumorais (LOP tem visto surgir novos medicamentos, como os bisfosfonatos de uso intravenoso, que têm mostrado bons resultados no controle das lesões da displasia fibrosa. O cisto ósseo aneurismático tem sido tratado com agentes esclerosantes com sucesso. Tratamentos adjuvantes permitem a realização de cirurgias que preservam a articulação e a função, com baixas taxas de recidiva. Têm sido mais utilizados o cimento ósseo (PMMA, o fenol, a crioterapia com nitrogênio líquido, a água oxigenada, o álcool etílico e a radioterapia. Entre os novos métodos de tratamento surgidos destaca-se a ablação térmica por radiofrequência e por laser, utilizada principalmente para tratamento do osteoma osteoide. A artroscopia permite a ressecção de lesões benignas intra-articulares e assiste na ressecção de tumores subcondrais. Um grande avanço foi a utilização de substitutos sintéticos do osso, que associam substâncias osteoindutivas com material osteocondutivo e têm apresentado resultados comparáveis aos do enxerto ósseo autógeno. Há uma tendência atual para tratamentos fechados, fazendo-se a injeção percutânea de matriz óssea desmineralizada (DBM associada com sulfato de cálcio. O enxerto ósseo esponjoso autógeno permanece como o padrão ouro. O enxerto de fíbula vascularizado apresenta os melhores resultados para incorporação em lesões maiores e agressivas. Também o suporte cortical alogênico provê resistência estrutural aumentada nessas lesões mais agressivas. O aloenxerto liofilizado tem indicação para preencher defeitos contidos e para reforço do enxerto autógeno. As endopróteses articulares são utilizadas em grandes lesões destrutivas no fêmur distal, no quadril e no ombro.The treatment of benign bone tumors (BBT and tumor-like bone lesions (TBL has observed the introduction of new drugs, such as intravenous bisphosphonates

  2. Pseudoanaplastic tumors of bone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahk, Won-Jong [Uijongbu St. Mary Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gyunggido, 480-821 (Korea); Mirra, Joseph M. [Orthopaedic Hospital, Orthopedic Oncology, Los Angeles, California (United States)

    2004-11-01

    To discuss the concept of pseudoanaplastic tumors of bone, which pathologically show hyperchromatism and marked pleomorphism with quite enlarged, pleomorphic nuclei, but with no to extremely rare, typical mitoses, and to propose guidelines for their diagnosis. From a database of 4,262 bone tumors covering from 1971 to 2001, 15 cases of pseudoanaplastic bone tumors (0.35% of total) were retrieved for clinical, radiographic and pathologic review. Postoperative follow-up after surgical treatment was at least 3 years and a maximum of 7 years. There were eight male and seven female patients. Their ages ranged from 10 to 64 years with average of 29.7 years. Pathologic diagnoses of pseudoanaplastic variants of benign bone tumors included: osteoblastoma (4 cases), giant cell tumor (4 cases), chondromyxoid fibroma (3 cases), fibrous dysplasia (2 cases), fibrous cortical defect (1 case) and aneurysmal bone cyst (1 case). Radiography of all cases showed features of a benign bone lesion. Six cases, one case each of osteoblastoma, fibrous dysplasia, aneurysmal bone cyst, chondromyxoid fibroma, giant cell tumor and osteoblastoma, were initially misdiagnosed as osteosarcoma. The remaining cases were referred for a second opinion to rule out sarcoma. Despite the presence of significant cytologic aberrations, none of our cases showed malignant behavior following simple curettage or removal of bony lesions. Our observation justifies the concept of pseudoanaplasia in some benign bone tumors as in benign soft tissue tumors, especially in their late evolutionary stage when bizarre cytologic alterations strongly mimic a sarcoma. (orig.)

  3. Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary--an incidental finding during caesarean section--a rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, J; Babu, A S

    2014-01-01

    Approximately one-fourth of the ovarian neoplasms and cysts are diagnosed incidentally during caesarean section. The possibility of borderline tumor or cancer should be considered although existence of ovarian malignancy in pregnancy is rare. We report a case of a rare solid malignant tumor of the ovary incidentally found during caesarean section. Intraoperatively, it was thought to be a variant of the common ovarian teratoma. Ovariectomy was done but histopathology revealed it to be granulosa cell tumor. The diagnosis changed the prognosis and future treatment plan drastically. Equipped with this knowledge physicians can be made aware of the existence of this little-known ovarian neoplasm along with its rare association with pregnancy. Also one can better manage, counsel and follow-up the patients after delivery, given the knowledge of the tumours' inevitable malignant potential and its high incidence of recurrence.

  4. Xanthogranulomatous Prostatitis, a Rare Prostatic Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Noyola

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available There are several benign prostatic pathologies that can clinically mimic a prostate adenocarcinoma. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis is a benign inflammatory condition of the prostate and a rare entity. A 47-year old male, with 3 years of lower urinary tract symptoms, with a palpable hypogastric tumor, digital rectal examination: solid prostate, of approximately 60 g. Initial PSA was 0.90 ng/mL. He underwent surgical excision of the lower abdominal nodule and prostatectomy. Histopathology showed xanthogranulomatous prostatitis, without malignancy. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis is an extremely rare entity that can simulate prostate adenocarcinoma, therefore having a correct histopathological diagnosis is essential.

  5. Primary (Poorly Differentiated Sclerosing Liposarcoma of Temporal Region. An Uncommon Tumor in a Rare Site: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anuradha CK Rao

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Liposarcoma (LS in the head and neck region is a rare tumor. The sclerosing variant of LS is a subtype of well-differentiated LS characterized by areas of conventional LS admixed with hypocellular areas of stromal sclerosis that show atypical lipomatous cells. The (poorly differentiated sclerosing LS, on the other hand, is more cellular with atypical, pleomorphic and often bizarre giant tumor cells admixed with atypical lipoblasts. We report a case of poorly differentiated sclerosing LS of temporal region in a 49-year-old man. Radiologically, the tumor was dumbbell shaped with intra and extra cranial extension. In this case, we discuss the clinico-radiological and pathological findings of an unusual tumor in a rare location. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2015; 3(1.000: 33-35

  6. Benign rheumatoid nodules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murthy P

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid nodules occur usually in advanced seropositive rheumatoid arthritis, signifying poor prognosis. However rarely rheumatoid nodules can be encountered in patients with no antecedent evidence of arthritis. Herein a case of an arthritic benign rheumatoid nodules is described.

  7. 3.0T MR Diffusion-weighted Imaging: Evaluating Diagnosis Potency 
of Pulmonary Solid Benign Lesions and Malignant Tumors and Optimizing b Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weidong LI

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Diffusion is caused by random translational molecular motion, also known as Brownian water motion. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI is the only imaging method that can be used to evaluate the diffusion process in vivo. The aim of this study is to evaluate 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI DWI with phased-array coil and the array spatial sensitivity encoding technique (ASSET of diagnosis potency in the discrimination of pulmonary solid benign lesions and malignant tumors. This study also aims to optimize b value. Methods One hundred and sixteen patients with 120 lesions confirmed by pathology and clinical diagnosis underwent T2 weighted imaging (T2WI, T1 weighted imaging, T2WI fat suppression, and DWI (diffusion factors of 200 s/mm2, 500 s/mm2, 800 s/mm2, 1,000 s/mm2 examinations by ASSET with 3.0T MR. The signal intensity of DWI images and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC values of the lesions were measured. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR, and ADC were compared among different b values. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC curves were analyzed and the b values were optimized. Results Both the SNR and CNR significantly differed among varied b values (P<0.001, P=0.002. The ADC values of pulmonary solid benign lesions and malignant tumors were gradually reduced with increasing b value, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001, P<0.001. ROC analysis shows that the area under curve (AUC values were 0.831, 0.876, 0.813, 0.785 (b=200 s/mm2, 500 s/mm2, 800 s/mm2, 1,000 s/mm2, respectively. The AUC with a b value of 500 s/mm2 was the largest. The optimal threshold of ADC was 1.473×10-3 mm2/s, and the sensitivity and specificity were 80% and 84%, respectively. Conclusion 3.0T MR DWI with phased-array coil and ASSET has moderate diagnosis potency in differentiating pulmonary solid benign lesions and malignant tumors. The optimal b value is 500 s/mm2.

  8. Intraosseous glomus tumor of the fibula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahk, W.J. [Catholic Univ. of Korea, Gyunggido (Korea). Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery; Mirra, J.M. [Orthopaedic Oncology, Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Anders, K.H. [Dept. of Pathology, Kaiser Permanente, Woodland Hills, CA (United States)

    2000-12-01

    Glomus tumor is a rare, benign vascular tumor and intraosseous glomus tumor, which arises primarily within bone, is even rarer. Fewer than 20 cases have been reported in the literature. We present the case of a 34-year-old woman with glomus tumor primarily in the midshaft of the fibula that radiologically mimicked chondromyxoid fibroma, aneurysmal bone cyst or adamantinoma, together with a review of other reported cases. (orig.)

  9. Rare case of giant broad ligament fibroid with myxoid degeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R R Godbole

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant fibroids are known to arise from the uterus, although very rarely from extra-uterine sites. Among extra-uterine fibroids, broad ligament fibroids generally achieve enormous size and generally present with pressure symptom like bladder and bowel dysfunction. Myxoid degeneration is a rare complication of benign fibroid, where presence of cystic changes mimics the metastatic malignant ovarian tumor. We report a case of true broad ligament fibroid measured about 13 kg. This case is reported for its rarity and the diagnostic difficulties in differentiating malignant ovarian tumor and benign fibroid with myxoid degeneration.

  10. Serum platelet-derived growth factor and fibroblast growth factor in patients with benign and malignant ovarian tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Christine Vestergaard; Steffensen, Karina Dahl; Olsen, Dorte Aalund

    2012-01-01

    New biological markers with predictive or prognostic value are highly warranted in the treatment of ovarian cancer. The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) system and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) system are important components in tumor growth and angiogenesis....

  11. Immunohistochemistry with apoptotic-antiapoptotic proteins (p53, p21, bax, bcl-2, c-kit, telomerase, and metallothionein as a diagnostic aid in benign, borderline, and malignant serous and mucinous ovarian tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozer Hatice

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In many tumors including ovarian cancer, cell proliferation and apoptosis are important in pathogenesis and there are many alterations in most of the genes related to the cell cycle. This study was designed to evaluate immunohistochemistry with apoptotic-antiapoptotic proteins (p53, p21, bax, and bcl-2, c-kit, telomerase, and metallothionein as a diagnostic aid in typing of benign, borderline, and malignant serous and mucinous ovarian tumors. Methods Total of 68 ovarian tumors, 25 benign [13 (19.1% serous and12 (17.6% mucinous], 16 borderline [9 (13.2% serous and 7(10.3% mucinous], and 27 malignant ovarian tumors [24 (35.3% serous and 3 (4.4% mucinous tumors] were included in the study. Immunohistochemical expression of p53, p21, bax, bcl–2, telomerase, c-kit, and metallothionein were evaluated. Results When all 68 cases were evaluated as benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors without considering histopathological subtypes, the p53, p21, bax and metallothionein showed significantly higher staining scores in the borderline and malignant ones (p  Conclusions In conclusion, p53, p21, bax, c-kit, and metallothionein may be helpful for the typing of ovarian tumors as benign, borderline and malignant or serous and mucinous. p53, p21, bax, c-kit, and metallothionein may have different roles in the pathogenesis of ovarian tumor types. p53 and metallothionein may be helpful in the typing of borderline and malignant ovarian tumors. The immunohistochemical staining with bcl-2 and telomerase may not provide meaningful contribution for the typing of ovarian tumors. Virtual slide The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/2013030833768498

  12. Coexistence of tuberculous axillary lymphadenitis and giant borderline malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunder Goyal

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Cystosarcoma phyllodes are uncommon breast tumors which rarely metastasize to axillary lymph nodes. The tumor is similar to fibroadenoma in structure, but it is different histologically. Although surgery (excision vs. mastectomy is the mainstay of treatment, the need for adjuvant therapies such as radiotherapy for a malignant variety is unclear. Its association with ipsilateral tubercular axillary lymph nodes has not been reported in literature so far. We report a 35-year-old female that presented with a giant borderline malignant phyllodes tumor of the right breast along with ipsilateral tubercular granulomatous axillary lymph nodes. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2015; 4(2.000: 114-117

  13. A novel ATX-S10(Na) photodynamic therapy for human skin tumors and benign hyperproliferative skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Itoh, Yasuhiro; Nakajima, Susumu; Sakata, Isao; Iizuka, Hajime

    2004-10-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising treatment for various skin tumors and other skin diseases. We investigated the potential therapeutic effects of PDT using ATX-S10(Na) ointment and a diode laser in mouse skin models of experimental skin tumors as well as transplanted human samples of superficial skin tumors and lesional psoriatic skin. ATX-S10(Na) ointment (1% w/v) was introduced into tape-stripped mouse skin, transplanted squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) samples and human skin diseases after topical application, then PDT was performed. ATX-S10(Na) ointment (1% w/v) was introduced effectively into tape-stripped mouse skin and transplanted SCC samples after topical application, but was not detected after 48 h, as assessed by fluorescence microscopy. PDT, using 1% ATX-S10(Na) ointment and diode laser (50 J/cm(2)), was found to decrease epidermal thickness in 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-treated mouse skin by 6 days. PDT with 1% ATX-S10(Na) ointment and diode laser (150 J/cm(2)) was also effective for transplanted SCC, and tumors were eliminated by 6 weeks. PDT against Bowen disease, basal-cell carcinoma, and psoriasis xenografts onto SCID mice also showed marked suppression of tumor growth and cell proliferation, respectively. Our results indicate that ATX-S10(Na)-PDT is an effective treatment for various skin tumors and psoriasis in experimental mouse models.

  14. Gynecomastia during imatinib mesylate treatment for gastrointestinal stromal tumor: a rare adverse event

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan ZhongShu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Imatinib mesylate has been the standard therapeutic treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia, advanced and metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST. It is well tolerated with mild adverse effects. Gynecomastia development during the course of treatment has been rarely reported. Methods Ninety-eight patients with advanced or recurrent GIST were treated with imatinib mesylate. Among the fifty-seven male patients six developed gynecomastia during the treatment. The lesions were confirmed by sonography. Sex hormone levels were determined in six patients with and without the presence of gynecomastia respectively. The patients with gynecomatia were treated with tamoxifene and the sex hormones were assayed before and after tamoxifene treatment. Results In patients with gynecomastia the lump underneath the bilateral nipples was 2.5 to 5 centimeters in diameter. Their serum free testosterone levels ranged between 356.61 and 574.60 ng/dl with a mean ± SD of 408.64 ± 82.06 ng/dl (95% CI 343.03~474.25 ng/dl, which is within the normal range. The level of serum estradiol was 42.89 ± 16.54 pg/ml (95% CI 29.66~56.12 pg/ml. Three patients had higher levels (43.79~71.21 pg/ml and the others' were within normal range of 27.00~34.91 pg/ml. Six patients without the development of gynecomastia had normal free testosterone. One patient died because of large tumor burden. The sex hormones had no significant changes before and after tamoxifene treatment.(P > 0.05 Conclusions Testosterone levels were not decreased in the six GIST patients with gynecomastia. Three patients had increased serum estradiol level which suggests that imbalance of sex hormones may be the cause of gynecomastia during treatment with imatinib mesylate.

  15. [Seminal vesicle cystadenoma as the cause of a retrovesical tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminsky, A; Kania, U; Ortloff, P; Sperling, H

    2014-04-01

    Tumors of the seminal vesicle are rare. Malignant tumors are more common than benign tumors. A seminal vesicle cystadenoma is a rarity. We report on a 41-year-old man with the incidental finding of an asymptomatic retrovesical tumor. The tumor, the seminal vesicle, and the abdominal part of the ductus deferens were surgically removed. The operative access is variable and surgical treatment is the method of choice. The patient's prognosis is good and there are no signs of recurrence.

  16. [A rare odontogenic calcifying epithelial tumor, or Pindborg tumor. Report of a clinical case nd review of the literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negri, P; Riccioni, S; Lomurno, G

    1999-01-01

    Clinical, histological and embryogenetic features of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor or Pindborg's tumor are described. A case of Pindborg's tumor in the molar region of the right mandible in a 66 year old male patient is presented. Standard X-ray examinations and CT scan were performed in order to obtain information about tumor's size. The histologic features revealed the presence of a homogeneous substance resembling amyloid and many cells filled by calcified material in the form of concentric Liesegang's rings. Treatment methods are also discussed.

  17. Comparison of cytogenetic abnormalities and deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy of benign, borderline malignant, and different grades of malignant soft tissue tumors.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, Eva; Oven, M W Van; de Jong, Bauke; Dam, Anke; Wiersema, J; Dijkhuizen, T; Hoekstra, H J; Molenaar, W M

    1994-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Both DNA flow cytometry and cytogenetic analysis have been used to study soft tissue tumors. With flow cytometry, the DNA content of a relatively large number of cells can be examined, but cytogenetic analysis gives more detailed information about genomic changes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In

  18. Plasminogen activators are involved in angiostatin generation in vivo in benign and malignant ovarian tumor cyst fluids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tilborg, A.G. van; Sweep, F.C.; Geurts-Moespot, A.; Wetzels, A.M.M.; Waal, R.M.W. de; Westphal, J.R.; Massuger, L.F.A.G.

    2014-01-01

    In many tumor types, angiogenesis is the net result of pro- and anti-angiogenic mediators and correlated with metabolic activity, growth, and degree of malignancy. One of the first discovered anti-angiogenic compounds is angiostatin, a proteolytic fragment of plasminogen. The requirements for in

  19. Bone Grafts, Substitutes, and Augments in Benign Orthopaedic Conditions Current Concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blank, Alan; Riesgo, Aldo; Gitelis, Steven; Rapp, Timothy

    2017-04-01

    Musculoskeletal tumors are relatively rare diagnoses made by orthopaedic surgeons. While approximately 2,500 primary bone sarcomas are diagnosed annually in the USA, the number of benign orthopaedic tumors encountered annually is far more difficult to quantify. Some studies have documented between 3% and 10% of the general population having benign bony lesions. Many of these conditions can be simply observed, while others will require surgical intervention. Surgical treatments for benign conditions range from a one-step curettage to extensive resection and reconstruction. With treatment of larger lesions, significant bony defects may need to be addressed surgically. Treatment options have evolved over time with the use of various bone graft and bone void fillers, including methyl methacrylate cement, autograft, allograft bone chips, struts and osteoarticular segments, synthetic bone graft substitutes, and metal augments. This review provides an overview of the present status of bone graft, substitutes, and augment options for the orthopaedic surgeon treating benign musculoskeletal conditions.

  20. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Neeraj; Sahai, Sharad; Singh, Sourav; Singh, Smita

    2011-07-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare entity and represents less than 1% of all odontogenic tumors. Dr. J J Pindborg (1958) first described four cases of this unusual lesion; subsequently Shafer et al coined the term Pindborg tumor. This lesion is a locally aggressive benign odontogenic neoplasm arising from epithelial tissue. It occurs most commonly in 4(th)-5(th)-6(th) decade of life and bears no gender predilection. A case of CEOT in a 50-year-old male arising in the left body region is described.

  1. MFH Mimic in Breast: A High-Grade Malignant Phyllodes Tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Hemalatha, A. L.; Sindhuram, V. Sumana; Asha, U.

    2012-01-01

    Malignant phyllodes tumor is usually diagnosed by the presence of benign duct-like epithelium and malignant mesenchymal tissue. In addition to the usual fibrosarcomatous features, the mesenchymal component may show areas resembling osteogenic sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, malignant mesenchymoma, and, very rarely, malignant fibrous histiocytoma. We present one such rare case of malignant phyllodes tumor with malignant fibrous histiocytoma-like stromal ...

  2. Analysis of Patients with Myelopathy due to Benign Intradural Spinal Tumors with Concomitant Lumbar Degenerative Diseases Misdiagnosed and Erroneously Treated with Lumbar Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Kang; Wang, Hao-Kuang; Liliang, Po-Chou; Yang, Chih-Hui; Yen, Cheng-Yo; Tsai, Yu-Duan; Chen, Po-Yuan; Chye, Cien-Leong; Wang, Kuo-Wei; Liang, Cheng-Loong; Chen, Han-Jung

    2017-09-01

    When a cervical or thoracic benign intradural spinal tumor (BIST) coexists with lumbar degenerative diseases (LDD), diagnosis can be difficult. Symptoms of BIST-myelopathy can be mistaken as being related to LDD. Worse, an unnecessary lumbar surgery could be performed. This study was conducted to analyze cases in which an erroneous lumbar surgery was undertaken in the wake of failure to identify BIST-associated myelopathy. Cases were found in a hospital database. Patients who underwent surgery for LDD first and then another surgery for BIST removal within a short interval were studied. Issues investigated included why the BISTs were missed, how they were found later, and how the patients reacted to the unnecessary lumbar procedures. Over 10 years, 167 patients received both surgeries for LDD and a cervical or thoracic BIST. In 7 patients, lumbar surgery preceded tumor removal by a short interval. Mistakes shared by the physicians included failure to detect myelopathy and a BIST, and a hasty decision for lumbar surgery, which soon turned out to be futile. Although the BISTs were subsequently found and removed, 5 patients believed that the lumbar surgery was unnecessary, with 4 patients expressing regrets and 1 patient threatening to take legal action against the initial surgeon. Concomitant symptomatic LDD and BIST-associated myelopathy pose a diagnostic challenge. Spine specialists should refrain from reflexively linking leg symptoms and impaired ability to walk to LDD. Comprehensive patient evaluation is fundamental to avoid misdiagnosis and wrong lumbar surgery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. A rare case report of an adenomatoid odontogenic tumor associated with odontoma in the maxilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Assao

    2017-01-01

    Conclusions: Therefore, it is necessary similar cases to be published to increase the knowledge about the clinical behavior and evolution of this tumor, to enable such lesions to be more clearly defined in the next classification of odontogenic tumors.

  4. Pleomorphic liposarcoma arising in a malignant phyllodes tumor of breast: A rare occurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sancheti, Sankalp M; Sawaimoon, Satyakam K; Ahmed, Rosina

    2015-01-01

    Primary malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast accounts for 0.3-1% of all the tumors of breast and only a couple of cases of pleomorphic liposarcoma (PL) arising in a malignant phyllodes (MP) tumor have been reported. A thorough sampling is most essential in phyllodes tumor, not only to detect high grade component of the neoplasm but also to diagnose heterologous elements in the same lesion elsewhere, as it may affect the prognosis adversely and may have a greater metastatic potential.

  5. About a rare tumor of the upper lip: the mucoepidermoid carcinoma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma represents about 5% of all salivary gland tumors, in which, about one-third occurs in the minor salivary gland. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the third most frequently encountered minor salivary gland tumor, preceded only by a mixed tumor and adenoid cystic carcinoma. The affected minor ...

  6. Differential patterns of large tumor antigen-specific immune responsiveness in patients with BK polyomavirus-positive prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sais, Giovanni; Wyler, Stephen; Hudolin, Tvrtko; Banzola, Irina; Mengus, Chantal; Bubendorf, Lukas; Wild, Peter J; Hirsch, Hans H; Sulser, Tullio; Spagnoli, Giulio C; Provenzano, Maurizio

    2012-08-01

    The role of the polyomavirus BK (BKV) large tumor antigen (L-Tag) as a target of immune response in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) has not been investigated thus far. In this study, we comparatively analyzed humoral and cellular L-Tag-specific responsiveness in age-matched patients bearing PCa or benign prostatic hyperplasia, expressing or not expressing BKV L-Tag-specific sequences in their tissue specimens, and in non-age-matched healthy individuals. Furthermore, results from patients with PCa were correlated to 5-year follow-up clinical data focusing on evidence of biochemical recurrence (BR) after surgery (prostate specific antigen level of ≥0.2 ng/ml). In peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with PCa with evidence of BR and BKV L-Tag-positive tumors, stimulation with peptides derived from the BKV L-Tag but not those derived from Epstein-Barr virus, influenza virus, or cytomegalovirus induced a peculiar cytokine gene expression profile, characterized by high expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor β1 and low expression of gamma interferon genes. This pattern was confirmed by protein secretion data and correlated with high levels of anti-BKV L-Tag IgG. Furthermore, in PBMC from these PCa-bearing patients, L-Tag-derived peptides significantly expanded an IL-10-secreting CD4(+) CD25(+(high)) CD127(-) FoxP3(+) T cell population with an effector memory phenotype (CD103(+)) capable of inhibiting proliferation of autologous anti-CD3/CD28-triggered CD4(+) CD25(-) T cells. Collectively, our findings indicate that potentially tolerogenic features of L-Tag-specific immune response are significantly associated with tumor progression in patients with BKV(+) PCa.

  7. Dumb-bell in the heart: rare case of biatrial myxoma with mitral regurgitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ananthanarayanan, Chandrasekaran; Bishnoi, Arvind Kumar; Ramani, Jayadip; Gandhi, Hemang

    2016-10-01

    Cardiac myxomas are rare intracardiac tumors, and the majority are benign myxomas involving the left atrium. We report a case of the very rare occurrence of biatrial myxoma associated with mitral regurgitation, which was successfully treated. © The Author(s) 2016.

  8. A Hard Ball for a Tennis Player: A Rare Case of Large Calcifying Sertoli Cell Testicular Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Albisinni

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available A 46 year old tennis player was addressed to our clinic after incidental finding of right testicular calcification on plain x-ray of the spine. Urologic consultation revealed a hard non-tender testicular mass which required inguinal orchiectomy. Final histology revealed large cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor: we herein present the case and review current physiopathology of such rare testicular disease.

  9. Pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: report of 2 cases with radiologic-pathologic correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Carvalho, MD

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a rare benign tumor that affects most commonly children and young adults. In the lung, it comprises less than 1% of all neoplasms. The authors describe the clinical, radiological, and pathologic features of 2 cases of incidentally discovered pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors.

  10. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of the maxilla with ulcerative stomatitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakano, Hiroyuki; Ota, Yoshiyuki; Yura, Yoshiaki

    2009-04-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign odontogenic tumor, known as Pindborg tumor. Although ulcer formation was reported in one previously involving the peripheral maxilla, such change of the overlying mucosa has been reported in intraosseous CEOT. We report maxillary CEOT in a patient who complained of spontaneous pain due to extensive ulcer formation of the oral mucosa.

  11. Proliferating Trichilemmal Tumor of the Knee Mimicking Prepatellar Bursitis on Ultrasonogram: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Il Jin; Kim, Tae Eun; Lee, Il Gi; Shin, Hyeon Woong [Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    Proliferating trichilemmal tumor is a rare benign tumor of skin appendage. It is usually solitary, more common in women after the fourth decade of life, and almost exclusively confined to the scalp and back of the neck. We report herein an unusual case of proliferating trchilemmal tumor which occurred on the knee

  12. Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma in a cat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenin A Villamizar-Martinez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Case summary A 10-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was presented for assessment of a gingival mass surrounding the left maxillary third and fourth premolar teeth. The mass was surgically removed by means of a marginal rim excision, and the tissue was submitted for histological assessment. It was identified as a benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma. There was proliferation of mineralized eosinophilic material with multiple irregularly placed lacunae and reversal lines, reminiscent of cementum. The cat recovered uneventfully from the anesthesia, and there was no evidence of tumor recurrence 6 months after surgery. Relevance and novel information Cementoblastomas (true cementomas in domestic animals are rare, with just a few reports in ruminants, monogastric herbivores and rodents. Cementoblastoma is considered a benign tumor that arises from the tooth root. The slow, expansive and constant growth that characterizes these masses may be accompanied by signs of oral discomfort and dysphagia. This case report is intended to increase knowledge regarding this tumor in cats and also highlights the importance of complete excision of the neoplasm. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports in the literature of cementoblastoma in the cat.

  13. Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma) in a cat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villamizar-Martinez, Lenin A; Reiter, Alexander M; Sánchez, Melissa D; Soltero-Rivera, Maria M

    2016-01-01

    A 10-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was presented for assessment of a gingival mass surrounding the left maxillary third and fourth premolar teeth. The mass was surgically removed by means of a marginal rim excision, and the tissue was submitted for histological assessment. It was identified as a benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma). There was proliferation of mineralized eosinophilic material with multiple irregularly placed lacunae and reversal lines, reminiscent of cementum. The cat recovered uneventfully from the anesthesia, and there was no evidence of tumor recurrence 6 months after surgery. Cementoblastomas (true cementomas) in domestic animals are rare, with just a few reports in ruminants, monogastric herbivores and rodents. Cementoblastoma is considered a benign tumor that arises from the tooth root. The slow, expansive and constant growth that characterizes these masses may be accompanied by signs of oral discomfort and dysphagia. This case report is intended to increase knowledge regarding this tumor in cats and also highlights the importance of complete excision of the neoplasm. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports in the literature of cementoblastoma in the cat.

  14. Cowden Syndrome and Concomitant Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langer, Seppo W; Ringholm, Lene; Dali, Christine I

    2015-01-01

    Cowden Syndrome is a rare autosomal dominantly inherited disorder. Patients with Cowden Syndrome are at increased risk of various benign and malignant neoplasms in breast, endometrium, thyroid, gastrointestinal tract, and genitourinary system. Neuroendocrine tumors are ubiquitous neoplasms that may...... occur anywhere in the human body. Bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine tumors include four different histological subtypes, among these, typical and atypical pulmonary carcinoids. No association between Cowden Syndrome and neuroendocrine tumors has previously been described. We present two cases of Cowden...

  15. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST of the Treitz’s angle– a very rare cause of high bowel obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mădălina Elena Tobă

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST are somewhat rare gastrointestinal tumors - approximately 1% to 3% incidence, but they are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs are usually found in the stomach or small intestine but can occur anywhere within the gastrointestinal tract, even in extremely uncommon locations like duodeno-jejunal flexure. Only 3% – 5% of GISTs are located in the duodenum and tumors occurring in the angle of Treitz are even rarer, most published studies being case reports. These tumors have a size ranging from small lesions to large masses and can cause digestive bleeding or high bowel obstruction. This paper is a case presentation illustrating an emergency situation involving a high bowel obstruction caused by a small tumor with an unusual location in the Treitz’s angle. A large percentage of duodenal GISTs are localized in the third and fourth part of the duodenum and may not be found through standard upper endoscopy; only the barium study of the upper gastrointestinal tract highlights the obstruction point. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult but non-invasive imaging techniques like ultrasonography and computed tomography of the abdomen can be helpful. Recently, targeted therapy with inhibitors of tyrosine kinase receptors (IMATINIB has been introduced for the management of advanced and metastatic tumors. In our opinion the surgical resection with curative intent is the treatment of choice.

  16. Spinal tumors in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joaquim, Andrei Fernandes; Ghizoni, Enrico; Valadares, Marcelo Gomes Cordeiro; Appenzeller, Simone; Aguiar, Simone Dos Santos; Tedeschi, Helder

    2017-05-01

    Spinal tumors are rare in the pediatric population, presenting many specific peculiarities when compared to adults. We have performed a broad narrative review to describe the most common spinal tumors in children, discussing their main characteristics and management options. The authors have performed an extensive review of the peer-reviewed literature addressing the aforementioned objectives. Multimodality radiological studies (plain films, 3D computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging) are necessary for proper evaluation and differential diagnosis of spinal tumors in children. In selected cases nuclear medicine imaging is used to improve the chances of a more accurate diagnosis. As a general rule, a fine needle biopsy is recommended after radiological evaluation to confirm the tumor's histology. Primary bone tumors can be divided into benign bone tumors, mostly represented by vertebral hemangiomas, osteoid osteomas, osteoblastomas, aneurismal bone cysts, and eosinophilic granulomas, and malign or aggressive tumors, such as Ewing's or osteogenic sarcomas. Secondary bone tumors (spinal metastases) comprise different tumor histologies, and treatment is mainly based on tumor's radiosensitivity. The characteristics and treatment options of the main spinal tumors are discussed in details. Spinal tumors in children are rare lesions that demand a thorough understanding of their main characteristics for their proper management. Understanding the nuances of spinal tumors in children is of paramount importance for improving outcomes and chances of cure.

  17. Spinal tumors in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Fernandes Joaquim

    Full Text Available Summary Introduction: Spinal tumors are rare in the pediatric population, presenting many specific peculiarities when compared to adults. We have performed a broad narrative review to describe the most common spinal tumors in children, discussing their main characteristics and management options. Method: The authors have performed an extensive review of the peer-reviewed literature addressing the aforementioned objectives. Results: Multimodality radiological studies (plain films, 3D computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging are necessary for proper evaluation and differential diagnosis of spinal tumors in children. In selected cases nuclear medicine imaging is used to improve the chances of a more accurate diagnosis. As a general rule, a fine needle biopsy is recommended after radiological evaluation to confirm the tumor's histology. Primary bone tumors can be divided into benign bone tumors, mostly represented by vertebral hemangiomas, osteoid osteomas, osteoblastomas, aneurismal bone cysts, and eosinophilic granulomas, and malign or aggressive tumors, such as Ewing's or osteogenic sarcomas. Secondary bone tumors (spinal metastases comprise different tumor histologies, and treatment is mainly based on tumor's radiosensitivity. The characteristics and treatment options of the main spinal tumors are discussed in details. Conclusion: Spinal tumors in children are rare lesions that demand a thorough understanding of their main characteristics for their proper management. Understanding the nuances of spinal tumors in children is of paramount importance for improving outcomes and chances of cure.

  18. A Case of Angiomyolipoma Rarely Located in the Larynx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hulya Eyigor

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Angiomyolipoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor, which is mostly renal in origin. A sixty-year-old male patient with the diagnosis of angiomyolipoma located in the larynx has been presented here, and the literature is reviewed.

  19. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the zygomaticoorbital complex: a rare location and ways of surgical repair of the area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch. R. Ragimov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primitive neuroectodermal tumor in the zygomaticoorbital region is a rare neoplasm of the head and neck. Due to the necessity for wide radical excision of a primary tumor, there may be serious functional and cosmetic disorders that substantially affect quality of life in patients. Restoration of this region is one of the challenges of reconstructive surgery because of the specific features of the relief of bone structures. The paper describes a clinical case of the site of primitive neuroectodermal tumor in the zygomaticoorbital complex and a method for repairing postresectional defect and completely recovering the function of the organ of vision and aesthetic parameters of the face.

  20. Frontal bone hemangioma in an 8-year-old female: A common tumor in a rare location

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhimanyu Sharma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Intraosseous hemangioma is a rare bone tumor accounting for 0.7%–1.0% of all bone tumors. In the skull, frontal bone is the commonly involved bone. An 8-year-old female presented to our outpatient department with complaints of pain and swelling over forehead for 4 months. X-ray revealed a lytic expansile lesion involving frontal bone with sunburst pattern of bony spicules radiating to periphery of the lesion. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed the presence of a well-circumscribed lesion with both intra as well as extracranial components. Histopathology revealed a vascular tumor consisting of both small (capillary and large (cavernous sized vessels. A diagnosis of mixed type of hemangioma of the frontal bone was given. Recognition of hemangioma on radiology and confirmation by histopathology is essential for proper management as it might be confused clinically with other locally aggressive/malignant lesions.

  1. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor: MRI and CT Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. O. Kragha

    2015-01-01

    important in its diagnosis. A rare case of MPNST that produced urinary retention and bowel incontinence is presented that may aid clinicians in the diagnosis of this rare clinical entity. Motor weakness, central enhancement, and immunohistochemistry may assist in the diagnosis of MPNST and differentiation between benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor (BPNST and MPNST.

  2. Primary carcinoid tumor arising within mature teratoma of the kidney: report of a rare entity and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parwani Anil V

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary carcinoid tumor arising within mature teratoma of the kidney is extremely rare, and their clinicopathologic features are not well described. Our objective was to further define the clinical features and pathologic spectra of primary carcinoid tumor arising within mature teratoma of the kidney. Methods Six previously reported case reports were identified using MEDLINE and a subsequent bibliographic search of all pertinent reports and reviews was performed. We also searched the electronic medical archival records of our institution and identified one additional unreported case. Data were extracted on the demographics, predisposing factors, clinical presentation, radiographic features, gross pathology, microscopic pathology, immunophenotype, therapy, and outcome of each of these seven cases. Results Primary carcinoid tumor arising within mature teratoma of the kidney was found at a mean age of 41.4 years. Of the 7 cases, 3 were female and 4 were male. Two of the 7 cases (28.6% were associated with horseshoe kidney. It typically presented with abdominal pain without carcinoid syndrome. It typical radiologic appearance was well circumscribed partly calcified Bosniak II-III lesion. Histologically, the carcinoid tumor showed monotonous small round cells arranged in classic anastomosing cords/ribbons intermixed with solid nests. Surgery was curative, no additional treatment was required, no local recurrences occurred, and no metastases occurred in all 7 cases. The 3 cases with available outcome data were alive at the time of publication of their respective cases (mean, 5 months. Conclusion Primary carcinoid tumor arising within mature teratoma of the kidney is a rare tumor that typically presents with abdominal pain without carcinoid syndrome. It is not associated with local recurrence and metastasis, is surgically curable, and has excellent prognosis.

  3. Radiotherapy for marginally resected, unresectable or recurrent giant cell tumor of the bone: a rare cancer network study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert C. Miller

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The role of radiotherapy for local control of marginally resected, unresectable, and recurrent giant cell tumors of bone (GCToB has not been well defined. The number of patients affected by this rare disease is low. We present a series of 58 patients with biopsy proven GCToB who were treated with radiation therapy. A retrospective review of the role of radiotherapy in the treatment of GCToB was conducted in participating institutions of the Rare Cancer Network. Eligibility criteria consisted of the use of radiotherapy for marginally resected, unresectable, and recurrent GCToB. Fifty-eight patients with biopsy proven GCToB were analyzed from 9 participating North American and European institutions. Forty-five patients had a primary tumor and 13 patients had a recurrent tumor. Median radiation dose was 50 Gy in a median of 25 fractions. Indication for radiation therapy was marginal resection in 33 patients, unresectable tumor in 13 patients, recurrence in 9 patients and palliation in 2 patients. Median tumor size was 7.0 cm. A significant proportion of the tumors involved critical structures. Median follow- up was 8.0 years. Five year local control was 85% . Of the 7 local failures, 3 were treated successfully with salvage surgery. All patients who received palliation achieved symptom relief. Five year overall survival was 94%. None of the patients experienced grade 3 or higher acute toxicity. This study reports a large published experience in the treatment of GCToB with radiotherapy. Radiotherapy can provide excellent local control for incompletely resected, unresectable or recurrent GCToB with acceptable morbidity.

  4. Big keratocystic odontogenic tumor of the mandible: a case report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is a rare, benign, intraosseous tumor of odontogenic origin with a potential of aggressive and infiltrative behavior. It shows specific histopathological features, and has a high recurrence rate. Case Details: The presented case was of a 30 years old man from South ...

  5. Benign and malignant cartilage tumors of bone and joint: their anatomic and theoretical basis with an emphasis on radiology, pathology and clinical biology. II. Juxtacortical cartilage tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brien, E.W. [Orthopaedic Oncology Service, Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, CA (United States)]|[Musculoskeletal Tumor Service, Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Mirra, J.M.; Luck, J.V. Jr. [Orthopaedic Oncology Service, Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    1999-01-01

    In part I, we reviewed the varied clinical presentations, pathogenesis, histologic findings, radiologic findings, and treatment of intramedullary cartilaginous lesions of bone. In this section, we will evaluate our cases and consultations of juxtacortical cartilaginous tumors. Radiographic differential diagnosis includes the numerous juxtacortical lesions particularly osteochondroma, parosteal chondroma, Trevor`s disease, trauma (fracture and periostitis ossificans), and the low- and high-grade surface osteosarcomas. By emphasizing pathogenesis in conjunction with radiographic and histologic findings, pitfalls in diagnosis and subsequent treatment can be avoided in such cases. (orig.) With 32 figs., 2 tabs., 32 refs.

  6. Adult Type Granulosa Cell Tumor: A Very Rare Case of Sex-Cord Tumor of the Testis with Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimosthenis Miliaras

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Granulosa cell tumor (GST is a sex-cord/stromal neoplasm of the gonads, more commonly arising in the ovaries, while approximately 80 cases have been reported in the testes. Out of these, 30 cases were of the adult type, while the remainder 50 cases were of the juvenile type. The latter mostly concerned infants and followed a benign course. However, the adult type testicular GCTs may be potentially malignant as it also happens in female patients with such neoplasms. We present a case of an adult type GCT located at the left testis. The patient was subjected to total orchiectomy and received no further treatment. Histology showed typical GCT histomorphology with Call-Exner bodies in some places. The immunoprofile of the tumor was CD99 (+, calretinin (+, inhibin (+, alpha smooth muscle actin (+, vimentin (+, ER (−, PR (−, keratin AE1/AE3 (−, alpha fetoprotein (−, CD117 (−, and placental alkaline phosphatase (−. Two years after surgery, the patient is alive and well with no signs of recurrence.

  7. Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor - Report of Three Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avinash Kshar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor (AOT is a benign epithelial tumor that accounts for 3% of all odontogenic tumors. This tumor, most commonly found in maxillary arch, mimics a follicular cyst associated with an impacted tooth. Clinically, it presents as a slowly growing, painless mass, found more frequently in female patients and has a peak incidence in the second decade of life. Ranking four among the odontogenic tumors the AOT is not a particularly rare tumor. Surgical enucleation is the treatment of choice and recurrences have not been reported. In this article three cases of AOT are presented with characteristic clinical, radiographic and histological features.

  8. Concomitant occurrence of cemento-ossifying fibroma and adenomatoid odontogenic tumor with bilateral impacted permanent canines in the mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, A Ravi; Reddy, P Sreenivas; Bavle, Radhika M

    2012-01-01

    Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) is an uncommon, benign and slow growing odontogenic tumor, which is usually located in an anterior region of the maxilla without pain. Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) is a relatively rare benign tumor of the jaw. Here we present 2 lesions presenting in unusual forms, follicular variant of AOT in the mandible and COF associated with impacted canine in the mandible, occurring concomitantly in the same patient. Both lesions presented classic histopathologic features.

  9. Ward Round-A rare tumor of the kidney resulting in hypertension ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-03-19

    Mar 19, 2011 ... cerebrovascular accident leading to a right hemiplegia. Her blood pressure was poorly ... juxtaglomerular cell tumors should actually be thought of as having uncertain malignant potential. ... Tumors: Diagnosis, Conservative Surgical Approach and Long-Term. Results. J Urol 1995; 153: 1781-4. 8. Hanna W ...

  10. Gliosarcomas arising from the pineal gland region: uncommon localization and rare tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugita, Yasuo; Terasaki, Mizuhiko; Tanigawa, Ken; Ohshima, Koichi; Morioka, Motohiro; Higaki, Koichi; Nakagawa, Setsuko; Shimokawa, Shoko; Nakashima, Susumu

    2016-02-01

    Gliosarcomas are a variant of glioblastomas and present a biphasic pattern, with coexisting glial and mesenchymal components. In this study, two unusual cases are presented. Case 1 is a 52-year-old woman with a headache and memory disturbance for a month. Case 2 is an 18-year-old man with a headache lasting two weeks. In both cases, an MRI revealed enhancing T1-low to iso, T2-iso to high intensity lesions in the pineal gland region. Histologically, in case 1, the tumor showed spindle cell proliferation with disorganized fascicles and cellular pleomorphism. Tumor cells variously exhibited oncocytic transformation. Immunohistochemically, most of the spindle tumor cells were positive for myoglobin and desmin. Some of the tumor cells were positive for GFAP and S-100 protein. On the other hand, all tumor cells were positive for CD133, Musashi1, and SOX-2 which are the markers of neural stem cells. In case 2, the tumor showed monotonous proliferation of short spindle cells with disorganized fascicles and cellular atypism. The morphological distinction between glial and mesenchymal components was not apparent. Immunohistochemically, most of the spindle tumor cells were positive for desmin. Glial tumor cells that were dispersed within the sarcoma as single cells were positive for GFAP. In addition, all tumor cells were positive for CD133, Musashi1 and SOX-2. Based on these microscopic appearances, and immunohistochemical findings, these cases were diagnosed as gliosarcomas arising from the pineal gland region. These results also indicated that pluripotential cancer stem cells differentiated into glial and muscle cell lines at the time of tumor growth. In a survey of previous publications on gliosarcoma arising from the pineal gland, these cases are the second and third reports found in English scientific writings. © 2015 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.

  11. SYNOVIAL GIANT CELL TUMOR OF THE KNEE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdalla, Rene Jorge; Cohen, Moisés; Nóbrega, Jezimar; Forgas, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    Synovial giant cell tumor is a benign neoplasm, rarely reported in the form of malignant metastasis. Synovial giant cell tumor most frequently occurs on the hand, and, most uncommon, on the ankle and knee. In the present study, the authors describe a rare case of synovial giant cell tumor on the knee as well as the treatment approach. Arthroscopy has been shown, in this case, to be the optimal method for treating this kind of lesion, once it allowed a less aggressive approach, while providing good visualization of all compartments of knee joint and full tumor resection.

  12. [New aspects of tumor pathology of the adrenal glands].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeger, W

    2015-05-01

    In daily routine pathology of the adrenal glands three tumor entities are important: adrenocortical tumors, adrenomedullary tumors and metastases. The differentiation of these three main tumor types can often be difficult structurally but immunostaining enables a definite diagnosis in nearly all cases. Adrenocortical tumors are positive for steroidogenic factor 1 and melan-A and always negative for chromogranin A whereas adrenomedullary tumors express chromogranin A but never keratin. A broad spectrum of antibodies is available for the identification of metastases and even the rare epithelioid angiosarcomas. For adrenocortical tumors, adenomas and carcinomas can be differentiated using three scoring systems and the Ki-67 index in adenomas should not exceed 3%. Using scoring systems and the Ki-67 index approximately 90% of cortical tumors can be differentiated into benign or malignant tumors. For pheochromocytomas two scoring systems are used for differentiating benign and malignant tumors but the results are less dependable.

  13. Imaging findings of common benign renal tumors in the era of small renal masses: Differential diagnosis from small renal cell carcinoma: Current status and future perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woo, Sung Min; Cho, Jeong Yeon [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-02-15

    The prevalence of small renal masses (SRM) has risen, paralleling the increased usage of cross-sectional imaging. A large proportion of these SRMs are not malignant, and do not require invasive treatment such as nephrectomy. Therefore, differentation between early renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and benign SRM is critical to achieve proper management. This article reviews the radiological features of benign SRMs, with focus on two of the most common benign entities, angiomyolipoma and oncocytoma, in terms of their common imaging findings and differential features from RCC. Furthermore, the role of percutaneous biopsy is discussed as imaging is yet imperfect, therefore necessitating biopsy in certain circumstances to confirm the benignity of SRMs.

  14. Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma: computed tomography and histology findings; Histiocitoma fibroso benigno profundo: achados na tomografia computadorizada e histologia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farage, Luciano; Castro, Mario Augusto Padula; Macedo, Tulio Augusto Alves [Uberlandia Univ., MG (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas. Setor de Radiologia; Salomao, Eliana Chaves; Machado, Tania Alcantara; Souza, Lincoln Pereira de; Freitas, Luiz de Oliveira [Uberlandia Univ., MG (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Clinica Medica

    2005-04-01

    We present the computed tomography images of an 83-year-old male patient with a deep benign fibrous histiocytoma at the lateral aspect of the left leg. Computed tomography images showed a well-defined mass with marked peripheral enhancement by iodinated contrast medium. Only few reports of this rare soft tissue tumor can be found in the literature. (author)

  15. A large mediastinal benign myoepithelioma effacing the entire hemithorax: case report with literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashmi, Atif Ali; Khurshid, Amna; Faridi, Naveen; Edhi, Muhammad Muzzammil; Khan, Mehmood

    2015-07-14

    Myoepithelial neoplasms, although sometimes encountered in soft tissues are described very rarely in mediastinum and lung. We reported a rare case of such a tumor which was very large in size and not connected to respiratory tree. A 24 year old male presented with blunt chest pain and respiratory distress. A CT scan was performed which showed large heterogeneously enhancing soft tissue mass occupying the left hemithorax. It measures 18.5 X 15.8 X 7.6. Thoracotomy with excision of the tumor was done. Operative findings include multilobulated and nodular large glistening white tumor located in anterior mediastinum adherent to parietal pleura and effacing the pulmonary parenchyma. However tumor was not connected or seems to originate from trachea or lung. Microscopic sections show neoplastic lesion composed of nests, cords and trabeculae of small to medium sized cells with round nuclei and clear cytoplasm. Background showed myxoid appearance with areas of cartilaginous differentiation. Immunohistochemical expression of CKAE1/AE3, p63, ASMA, S100 and GFAP favored the diagnosis of benign myoepithelioma. Myoepithelial tumors are rare soft tissue tumors thought to arise from stem cells capable of divergent differentiation and occur anywhere in the body. Histopathologic recognition of these tumors is essential as these tumors may behave in a benign fashion despite large sizes.

  16. Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleed from a Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor in a Jejunal Diverticulum: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sadaf

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of small bowel diverticulum with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST. This GIST in the diverticulum was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and was of low-grade malignant potential.

  17. How to approach phyllodes tumors of the breast?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Turan; Tarcan, Ercüment; Hacıyanlı, Mehmet; Kamer, Erdinç; Peşkersoy, Mustafa; Yiğit, Seyran; Gür, Özlem; Cin, Necat; Sarı, Ayşegül Akder; Tatar, Fatma

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Phyllodes tumor of the breast is a rare fibroepithelial breast tumor that comprise 0.3–0.9% of primary breast neoplasms. In this study, we aimed to present clinicopathologic symptoms of our patients along with their treatment modality. Material and Methods: Clinicopathologic properties and treatment modality of 20 phyllodes tumor patients who underwent surgery between January 2008 and January 2013 were retrospectively evaluated. Results: Median patient age was 47 years (22–75). Fine-needle aspiration biopsy was applied to 19 patients. Biopsy results were reported as suspicious in four, malignant in three, benign in 11, and as non-diagnostic in one patient. Final histopathology reports revealed two benign, one malignant and one borderline tumor out of the four patients with suspicious findings on fine needle aspiration biopsy; all patients with malignant cytology had malignancy. There were two borderline and nine benign lesions within the benign biopsy group. Sixteen patients underwent segmental mastectomy, four patients underwent mastectomy with/without axillary dissection. The median tumor size was 6 (1–13) cm. Histopathologically, 11 (55%) tumors were benign, 5 (25%) were borderline, and 4 (20%) were malignant. Two of the four patients with malignancy underwent radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and one patient only received chemotherapy as adjuvant treatment. Conclusion: Phyllodes tumors are rare, mix-type breast tumors. Due to high rates of local recurrence and potential for malignancy, preoperative diagnosis and accurate management are important. PMID:26668526

  18. A rare nonvalvular left ventricular papillary fibroelastoma: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Kamdar, Forum; Win, Sithu; Manivel, J. Carlos; Shumway, Sara; Missov, Emil

    2013-01-01

    Papillary fibroelastomas are benign cardiac tumors with high embolic potential typically found on the valvular surfaces of the heart. Nonvalvular papillary fibroelastomas are exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 66-year-old Caucasian male with acute bilateral basal ganglia infarctions found to have a mass adherent to the left ventricular septum by transesophageal echocardiography. The mass was identified as a rare nonvalvular cardiac papillary fibroelastoma based on echogenicity, peduncu...

  19. Benign giant mediastinal schwannoma presenting as cardiac tamponade in a woman: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekiya Mitsuaki

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mediastinal schwannomas are typically benign and asymptomatic, and generally present no immediate risks. We encountered a rare case of a giant benign posterior mediastinal schwannoma, complicated by life-threatening cardiac tamponade. Case presentation We report the case of a 72-year-old Japanese woman, who presented with cardiogenic shock. Computed tomography of the chest revealed a posterior mediastinal mass 150 cm in diameter, with pericardial effusion. The cardiac tamponade was treated with prompt pericardial fluid drainage. A biopsy was taken from the mass, and after histological examination, it was diagnosed as a benign schwannoma, a well-encapsulated non-infiltrating tumor, originating from the intrathoracic vagus nerve. It was successfully excised, restoring normal cardiac function. Conclusion Our case suggests that giant mediastinal schwannomas, although generally benign and asymptomatic, should be excised upon discovery to prevent the development of life-threatening cardiopulmonary complications.

  20. Gastric Schwannoma mimicking malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumor and misdiagnosed by (18)F-FDG PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yiqiu; Li, Beilei; Cai, Liang; Hou, Xiaoguang; Shi, Hongcheng; Hou, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Gastric Schwannoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor that accounts for only 0.2% of all gastric tumors. The current study presents a case of gastric Schwannoma misdiagnosed as malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) by esophagogastroduodenoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography, and contrast-enhanced or not enhanced and (18)F-FDG PET/CT imaging.

  1. Imaging tumors of the patella

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casadei, R., E-mail: roberto.casadei@ior.it [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Kreshak, J., E-mail: j.kreshak@yahoo.com [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Department of Pathology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Rinaldi, R. [Department of Radiology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Rimondi, E., E-mail: eugenio.rimondi@ior.it [Department of Radiology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Bianchi, G., E-mail: giuseppe.bianchi@ior.it [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Alberghini, M., E-mail: marco.alberghini@ior.it [Department of Pathology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Ruggieri, P. [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Vanel, D., E-mail: daniel.vanel@ior.it [Department of Radiology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Department of Pathology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy)

    2013-12-01

    Background: Patellar tumors are rare; only a few series have been described in the literature and radiographic diagnosis can be challenging. We reviewed all patellar tumors at one institution and reviewed the literature. Materials and methods: In an evaluation of the database at one institution from 1916 to 2009, 23,000 bone tumors were found. Of these, 41 involved the patella. All had imaging studies and microscopic diagnostic confirmation. All medical records, imaging studies, and pathology were reviewed. Results: There were 15 females and 26 males, ranging from 8 to 68 years old (average 30). There were 30 benign tumors; eight giant cell tumors, eight chondroblastomas, seven osteoid osteomas, two aneurysmal bone cysts, two ganglions, one each of chondroma, exostosis, and hemangioma. There were 11 malignant tumors: five hemangioendotheliomas, three metastases, one lymphoma, one plasmacytoma, and one angiosarcoma. Conclusion: Patellar tumors are rare and usually benign. As the patella is an apophysis, the most frequent lesions are giant cell tumor in the adult and chondroblastoma in children. Osteoid osteomas were frequent in our series and easily diagnosed. Metastases are the most frequent malignant diagnoses in the literature; in our series malignant vascular tumors were more common. These lesions are often easily analyzed on radiographs. CT and MR define better the cortex, soft tissue extension, and fluid levels. This study presents the imaging patterns of the more common patellar tumors in order to help the radiologist when confronted with a lesion in this location.

  2. Youngest case of ductal carcinoma in situ arising within a benign phyllodes tumour: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chopra, Sharat; Muralikrishnan, Vummiti; Brotto, Maurizio

    2016-01-01

    Phyllodes tumour (PT) is a rare tumour of the female breast. The tumour clinically and radiologically mimics the features of a fibroadenoma. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in the epithelial component of PT is a very rare finding. We present youngest ever case of a 23-year-old nulliparous woman with high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ arising within a benign phyllodes tumor. Macroscopically, it is a homogeneous tumour with solid components. Microscopically, it features typical leaf-like pattern with hypercellular stroma with high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ. To date, eight such rare cases of benign phyllodes tumour with ductal carcinoma in situ have been documented. We report the youngest case known in literature so far. As this is a very rare presentation, it poses several challenges in regard to both management and follow-up. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  3. Metastatic thyroid carcinoma without identifiable primary tumor within the thyroid gland: a retrospective study of a rare phenomenon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Bin; Scognamiglio, Theresa; Cohen, Perry R; Prasad, Manju L; Hasanovic, Adnan; Tuttle, Robert Michael; Katabi, Nora; Ghossein, Ronald A

    2017-07-01

    Metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) without an identifiable primary tumor despite extensive microscopic examination of the thyroid gland is a rare but true phenomenon.We retrieved 7 of such cases and described in detail the clinical and pathologic features of these tumors. BRAF V600E immunohistochemistry and Sequenom molecular profile were conducted in selected cases. All patients harbored metastatic disease in the central (n=3), lateral (n=3), or both neck compartments (n=1). The histotype of the metastatic disease was PTC (n=5), poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma in association with a PTC columnar variant (n=1), and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma in association with a PTC tall cell variant (n=1). Fibrosis was present in the thyroid of 5 patients. All patients with PTC were alive without evidence of recurrence. The 76-year-old patient with poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma did not recur and died of unknown causes. Finally, the patient with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma was alive with distant metastasis at last follow-up. The median follow-up for this cohort was 2.2years (range, 0.8-17). BRAF V600E was detected in 4 of 6 cases by immunohistochemistry. In conclusion, metastatic nodal disease without identifiable thyroid primary is a rare but real phenomenon of unknown mechanisms. Although most tumors are low grade and well differentiated, aggressive behavior due to poorly differentiated or anaplastic carcinoma can happen. Most cases are BRAFV600E-positive thyroid tumors. A papillary carcinoma phenotype is found in all reported cases. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. [Pindborg tumor: a poorly differentiated form without calcification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafian, H; Mauprivez, C; Furon, V; Pluot, M; Lefevre, B

    2004-09-01

    Pindborg tumor is a rare benign epithelial calcified odontogenic tumor. Radiological diagnosis is generally suspected because of the presence of calcifications. A 61-year-old man presented a polymorphous Pindborg tumor of the anterior maxillary. The diagnosis was hindered due to the nonspecific radiographic image and the lack of calcification. Pathology provided the positive diagnosis of poorly-differentiated young odontogenic epithelial tumor. Pindborg tumor is a rare lesions usually found in the posterior mandibular bone. Calcification is a characteristic feature. There are two historical forms, a squamous form with very favorable outcome and a clear-cell form with less favorable prognosis.

  5. Hurthle cell tumor of the thyroid gland: Report of a rare case and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-07-09

    Jul 9, 2013 ... This article presents a case of Hurthle cell adenoma (HCA) of the thyroid gland with a review of literature on Hurthle cell tumors. This case presented is that of a 57‑year‑old woman with a recurrent thyroid swelling. She previously underwent a right hemithyroidectomy for thyroid mass 10 years prior.

  6. Hurthle cell tumor of the thyroid gland: Report of a rare case and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article presents a case of Hurthle cell adenoma (HCA) of the thyroid gland with a review of literature on Hurthle cell tumors. This case presented is that of a 57-year-old woman with a recurrent thyroid swelling. She previously underwent a right hemithyroidectomy for thyroid mass 10 years prior. A left lobectomy was ...

  7. Phyllodes tumors in African American women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bumpers, Harvey L; Tadros, Talaat; Gabram-Mendola, Sheryl; Rizzo, Monica; Martin, Mersadies; Zaremba, Nicole; Okoli, Joel

    2015-07-01

    Phyllodes is a rare tumor accounting for less than 1% of all breast neoplasms. Studies defining clinical predictors of malignant phyllodes (MP) are rare and inconsistent. Furthermore, MP occurrence in African American (AA) women has never been analyzed. This study will delineate clinical and pathologic features in AA patients that may reasonably predict the probability of malignancy. A retrospective study of clinical records was carried out for 50 AA patients diagnosed with phyllodes tumors (PT) and treated between 1982 and 2012. Patients' charts were analyzed regarding demographics, pathology findings, and treatment. The diagnosis of benign disease was made in 40 (78%), borderline in 3 (6%), and malignancy in 7 (14%) patients; however, 1 patient (2%) had mixed phyllodes with ductal carcinoma in situ. The mean age was significantly different for patients with benign disease (33 years) compared with those with malignancy (54 years; P < .001). The average tumor size was twice as large (11.8 vs 4.1 cm; P = .029) and mitoses were higher with 50% of MPs having greater than 5 per 10 high power fields. Although rare, nodal metastasis, ulceration, and multicentric disease occurred only in MP. Among AA patients with phyllodes tumors, those with malignant tumors were older and had larger tumors and higher mitotic indices than those with benign disease. AA patients also displayed some of the more rare features of advanced disease and presented with malignancy near the highest reported frequency. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Radioimmunological detection of the tumor marker CA 12-5 in the serum of patients with benign and malignant pleural effusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scherer, J.H.; Krause, F.J.; Geier, G.

    1988-12-01

    In 44 patients with benign diseases and 16 patients with malignant diseases the tumour associated antigen CA 12-5 was determined in sera and pleural effusions. In 97% of the investigated pleural effusions and in 89% of the investigated sera we found pathologically elevated CA 12-5-concentrations. It could be shown, that the determination of CA 12-5 in sera of patients with pleural effusions does not permit to discriminate between benign and malignant origin, because there is no significant difference of the CA 12-5-concentrations between patient sera with benign diseases and patient sera with malignant diseases, when they have pleural effusions.

  9. Impact of hypothyroidism on primary anal malignant melanoma: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddharth Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary melanoma of the anal canal is rare and highly malignant condition, which is 1% of all invasive tumors in this site. This condition is often mistaken for benign conditions as either hemorrhoids or rectal polyp. Thyroid-stimulating hormone stimulation causes high proliferation of malignant melanoma. The association of hypothyroidism with primary malignant melanoma of anal canal is very rare. We are reporting such a very rare case.

  10. Tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prause, J.U.; Heegaard, S.

    2005-01-01

    oftalmologi, øjenlågstumorer, conjunctivale tumorer, malignt melanom, retinoblastom, orbitale tumorer......oftalmologi, øjenlågstumorer, conjunctivale tumorer, malignt melanom, retinoblastom, orbitale tumorer...

  11. A Rare Renal Epithelial Tumor: Mucinous Cystadenocarcinoma Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulkadir Tepeler

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary renal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma is a very rare lesion of kidney which originates from the metaplasia of the renal pelvic uroepithelium. Only one case with primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma has been reported in the English literature. We report second case of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma which was radiologically classified as type-IIF Bosniak cyst in peripheral localization. We aimed to present this extreme and unusual entity with its radiological, surgical, and pathologic aspects under the light of literature.

  12. Imaging Findings of Common Benign Renal Tumors in the Era of Small Renal Masses: Differential Diagnosis from Small Renal Cell Carcinoma: Current Status and Future Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Sungmin

    2015-01-01

    The prevalence of small renal masses (SRM) has risen, paralleling the increased usage of cross-sectional imaging. A large proportion of these SRMs are not malignant, and do not require invasive treatment such as nephrectomy. Therefore, differentation between early renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and benign SRM is critical to achieve proper management. This article reviews the radiological features of benign SRMs, with focus on two of the most common benign entities, angiomyolipoma and oncocytoma, in terms of their common imaging findings and differential features from RCC. Furthermore, the role of percutaneous biopsy is discussed as imaging is yet imperfect, therefore necessitating biopsy in certain circumstances to confirm the benignity of SRMs. PMID:25598678

  13. Rare pseudotumors of the urinary bladder in childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, G; Ahlhelm, F; Altmeyer, K; Aliani, S; Remberger, K; Schoenhofen, H; Kramann, B; Uder, M

    2001-01-01

    We report two cases of inflammatory pseudotumors of the urinary bladder, one case of a chronic granulomatous pseudotumor (CGT) and one case of a pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic (fibromyxoid) tumor (PMT). Both tumors resembled malignancies such as rhabdomyosarcomas regarding clinical appearance and imaging findings and represent rare urinary bladder tumors. The imaging findings on unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI as well as histological specimen are presented. Final diagnosis was made following elective surgery. Differential diagnosis of urinary bladder tumors as well as the imaging findings of these clinically comparable cases are discussed. Awareness of these benign lesions may prevent patients from inappropriate therapies such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

  14. A Rare Causing of Difficulty in Defecation: Rectal Schwannoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozgur Dandin

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Schwannomas are mainly benign, non-epithelial tumors originating in the Schwann cells, which form nerve sheaths. Schwannomas account for about 2-8% of all gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors, encountered more frequently in the stomach and the small intestine. Schwannomas of the colon and rectum are extremely rare. Case Presentation: In this report, we present a thirty-nine-year-old woman admitted for complaints of rectal fullness and difficulty in defecation. At her rectal examination, a polypoid tumor 22x27x27mm in size was found filling the lumen of the rectum; it was well defined, with a homogeneous nature and benign appearance. Complete excision of the tumor was achieved by a transanal surgical approach. Histolopathological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of the tumor reported a rectal schwannoma. There has been no tumor recurrence at 18 months after surgical excision. Conclusion: A schwannoma of the rectum is rare; a benign tumor can usually be separated from GISTs with immunohistochemical staining, and it carries a good prognosis with local excision, which is the procedure of choice. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2014; 3(1.000: 59-63

  15. Benign Papules and Nodules of Oral Mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Salih Gürel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews some of the more common benign oral papules and nodules of oral mucosa with emphasis on their etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathology, and treatment. These lesions include mucocele, traumatic fibroma, epulis, pyogenic granuloma, oral papilloma, oral warts, lymphangioma, hemangioma, lipoma, oral nevi and some soft tissue benign tumors. These benign lesions must be separated clinically and histologically from precancerous and malign neoplastic lesions. Accurate clinico-pathological diagnosis is mandatory to insure appropriate therapy.

  16. Mesotherapy for benign symmetric lipomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, Toshio; Matsukura, Tomoyuki; Ikeda, Shigaku

    2010-04-01

    Benign symmetric lipomatosis, also known as Madelung disease, is a rare disorder characterized by fat distribution around the shoulders, arms, and neck in the context of chronic alcoholism. Complete excision of nonencapsulated lipomas is difficult. However, reports describing conservative therapeutic measures for lipomatosis are rare. The authors present the case of a 42-year-old man with a diagnosis of benign symmetric lipomatosis who had multiple, large, symmetrical masses in his neck. Multiple phosphatidylcholine injections in the neck were administered 4 weeks apart, a total of seven times to achieve lipolysis. The patient's lipomatosis improved in response to the injections, and he achieved good cosmetic results. Intralesional injection, termed mesotherapy, using phosphatidylcholine is a potentially effective therapy for benign symmetric lipomatosis that should be reconsidered as a therapeutic option for this disease.

  17. Retroperitoneal Schwannoma: A Rare Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Kalaycı

    2011-01-01

    Case Presentation. A 38-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency service with the complaints of progressive abdominal pain and nausea for the last 24 hours. Abdominal examination was compatible with acute abdomen. Acute appendicitis was diagnosed by CT. During CT evaluation, a round shaped soft-tissue mass at the retroperitoneal area inferior to the right kidney was detected, The mass was resected and histology revealed schwannoma. Conclusion. Rare tumoral lesions with benign course such as schwannoma can be detected incidentally.

  18. A rare case of an ACTH/CRH co-secreting midgut neuroendocrine tumor mimicking Cushing’s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Streuli

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic ACTH/CRH co-secreting tumors are a very rare cause of Cushing’s syndrome and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Differentiating between Cushing’s disease and ectopic Cushing’s syndrome may be particularly difficult if predominant ectopic CRH secretion leads to pituitary corticotroph hyperplasia that may mimic Cushing’s disease during dynamic testing with both dexamethasone and CRH as well as bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS. We present the case of a 24-year-old man diagnosed with ACTH-dependent Cushing’s syndrome caused by an ACTH/CRH co-secreting midgut NET. Both high-dose dexamethasone testing and BIPSS suggested Cushing’s disease. However, the clinical presentation with a rather rapid onset of cushingoid features, hyperpigmentation and hypokalemia led to the consideration of ectopic ACTH/CRH-secretion and prompted a further workup. Computed tomography (CT of the abdomen revealed a cecal mass which was identified as a predominantly CRH-secreting neuroendocrine tumor. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an ACTH/CRH co-secreting tumor of the cecum presenting with biochemical features suggestive of Cushing’s disease.

  19. Benign cystic mesothelioma of the appendix presenting in a woman: a case report

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O' Connor, Donal B

    2010-12-03

    Abstract Introduction Benign cystic mesothelioma or peritoneal inclusion cysts are rare benign abdominal tumors usually occurring in females of reproductive age. These cysts present as abdominopelvic pain or masses but are often found on imaging or incidentally at surgery. They are commonly associated with pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or ovarian cysts. We report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a benign cystic mesothelioma complicating a presentation of acute appendicitis. Case Presentation A 19-year-old Irish Caucasian woman presented with abdominal pain. Imaging suggested appendicitis with abscess formation. She was treated with antibiotics and scheduled for interval appendicectomy. At laparoscopy, an unusual cystic mass was found arising from the appendix. Histology revealed benign cystic mesothelioma. Conclusion We report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a benign cystic mesothelioma arising from the appendix and complicating a presentation of acute appendicitis. This is a benign pathology, but recurrences are not uncommon. Benign cystic mesothelioma should be included in the differential when investigating pelvic masses or abscesses associated with either appendicitis or pelvic inflammatory disease in women.

  20. [Benign fibrous mesothelioma of the pleura].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavem, K; Larmo, A; Rode, L; Weber-Laumann, J A

    1993-09-10

    Benign fibrous mesothelioma of the pleura is rare. The tumour may present in several ways, as shown in our two patients, one with an elevated diaphragm and the other with slowly growing intrathoracic tumour. The tumour may reach a considerable size, is localized, is normally benign, and is curable by surgical resection.

  1. Brain tumor (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brain tumors are classified depending on the exact site of the tumor, the type of tissue involved, benign ... tendencies of the tumor, and other factors. Primary brain tumors can arise from the brain cells, the meninges ( ...

  2. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Bladder: 2 Rare Cases Managed with Laparoscopic Partial Cystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Santos Lopes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Two cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT of the bladder are reported here. Both patients were male and presented with macroscopic hematuria; in the first case terminal hematuria was associated with irritative voiding symptoms. The second case was a smoker with hematuria unresponsive to medical treatment and anemia. Clinical presentation, pathological features, treatment, and prognosis are discussed. Due to rarity of this pathological condition, there are no guidelines concerning treatment and follow-up. We present our follow-up scheme and highlight the use of laparoscopic partial cystectomy as a successful treatment approach.

  3. Large-sized kidney tumor mimicking an extraorgan retroperitoneal tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Reva

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The retroperitoneal space may be a site for a broad spectrum of both rare benign and malignant tumors that are in turn a focus of primary or metastatic involvement. Sarcomas, lymphomas, and different epithelial tumors (of the kidney, adrenal, and pancreas constitute the bulk of retroperitoneal tumors. Detection of a large-sized tumor located at one of the renal poles may raise the question of whether this mass is a kidney tumor or an extraorgan retroperitoneal tumor adjacent to or growing into the kidney. In view of significant differences in treatment procedures for various retroperitoneal tumors, when the origin of the mass is unknown, there is a need for an individual approach to defining the optimal therapeutic and diagnostic tactics, by attracting specialists in allied fields. 

  4. Primary intracranial neuroendocrine tumor with ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome: A rare and complicated case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hailong; Zhang, Mingshan; Wang, Xuan; Qu, Yanming; Zhang, Hongwei; Yu, Chunjiang

    2016-07-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome are frequent in adult patients. However, primary intracranial NETs, exhibiting immunonegativity for ACTH, high serum ACTH level and treated with anterior skull base reconstruction, are rare and complicated. We herein present a case of a primary intracranial NET immunonegative for ACTH, resulting in ectopic ACTH syndrome. A 40-year-old woman presented with intermittent rhinorrhea, rapid weight gain, polydipsia, polyuria, hypertension, dimness, bilateral exophthalmus, diminution of vision in the left eye and pigmentation of the skin of the face and trunk. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed a sizeable enhancing tumor in the anterior cranial fossa, which infiltrated the sphenoid and ethmoid sinuses bilaterally, the left maxillary sinus and the nasal cavity. Abdominal CT scans revealed bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. The biochemical findings included hypokalemia and high glucose, cortisol, plasma ACTH, 24-h urinary free cortisol and testosterone levels. The neoplasm was exposed through a right frontal craniotomy, while anterior skull base reconstruction was performed during surgery. The intracranial surgery achieved gross removal of the tumor; however, part of the tumor remained in the nasal cavity. Histopathological examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the diagnosis of a low-grade small-cell NET, exhibiting immunonegativity for ACTH. A postoperative abdominal CT scan demonstrated bilateral regression of the adrenal gland hyperplasia and the serum ACTH level returned to normal after 16 days. To the best of our knowledge, there are no previous reports of primary intracranial NETs, immunohistochemically negative for ACTH, resulting in ectopic ACTH syndrome.

  5. Mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the vagina. Diagnosis and multimodal treatment of a rare tumor and analysis of worldwide experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, Iris; Jacobs, Volker R.; Bogner, Gerhard; Staudach, Alfons; Koch, Horst; Wolfrum-Ristau, Pia; Schausberger, Christiane; Fischer, Thorsten [Paracelsus Medical University (PMU), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN), Salzburg (Austria); Kametriser, Gerhard; Sedlmayer, Felix [Paracelsus Medical University (PMU), Department of Radiology and Radiation Oncology, 5020 Salzburg (Austria)

    2016-09-15

    Mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the vagina is an extremely rare tumor of the female genital tract, with only a few cases reported so far worldwide. Consequently, there is no established standard treatment and limited knowledge about the prognosis and biologic behavior of vaginal mesonephric adenocarcinoma. This report documents a new case of vaginal mesonephric adenocarcinoma diagnosed in a 54-year-old woman, and analyzes this in the context of all previously published cases. MRI demonstrated that the 2.5 x 1.8 cm tumor of the vaginal wall was invading urethra and bladder. Following surgical excision, histologic analysis determined mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the vagina, stage pT2 R1. In order to avoid the mutilating extended surgery which would be required to reach R0 and considerable impairment of quality of life, adjuvant radiochemotherapy was administered with external radiation and brachytherapy, including 5 cycles of cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2}) for radiosensitization. After 4 years of continuous oncologic follow-up, the patient is alive and clinically free of disease. In this case it was shown that adjuvant radiochemotherapy with radiation and brachytherapy was effective to manage the surgical R1 situation and maintain the patient's life quality. More published cases reports are needed to gradually substantiate optimal treatment strategies. (orig.) [German] Das mesonephrische Adenokarzinom der Vagina ist ein aeusserst seltener Tumor des weiblichen Genitaltrakts. In der internationalen Literatur finden sich nur wenig gut dokumentierte Faelle. Das biologische Verhaltensmuster dieses Tumors und dessen Prognose sind weitgehend unbekannt. In diesem Bericht wird ein neuer Fall einer 54-jaehrigen Frau mit einem mesonephrischen Adenokarzinom der Vagina vorgestellt und unter Beruecksichtigung aller bisher publizierten Faelle analysiert. Bei dem 2,5 x 1,8 cm grossen Tumor der Vaginalwand zeigte sich in der Magnetresonanztomographie eine Infiltration der Urethra und

  6. Giant cell tumor of soft tissue: a case report with emphasis on MR imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Moon Young; Jee, Won-Hee [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, School of Medicine, Seocho-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Chan Kwon [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Pathology, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seocho-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yoo, Ie Ryung [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seocho-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Yang-Guk [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seocho-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-04-03

    Giant cell tumor of soft tissue is a rare neoplasm, histologically resembling giant cell tumor of bone. In this report, we describe a deep and solid giant cell tumor of soft tissue interpreted as a benign soft tissue tumor based on magnetic resonance (MR) findings with hypointense to intermediate signals on T2-weighted images and impeded diffusivity (water movement) on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), which could suggest a giant-cell-containing benign soft tissue tumor, despite the malignancy suggested by {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography in a 35-year-old male. To our knowledge, this report introduces the first deep, solid giant cell tumor of soft tissue with MR features of a giant-cell-containing benign soft tissue tumor, despite the malignancy-mimicking findings on {sup 18}F-FDG PET-CT. (orig.)

  7. Lactic Acidosis: A Rare Oncological Emergency in Solid Tumors at Presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Ranjit; Shah, Usman

    2017-04-01

    Lactic acidosis is a potentially life-threatening complication characterized by accumulation of blood lactate resulting in low arterial pH. The majority of lactic acidosis in malignancies are reported in association with hematologic malignancies. It may result from an imbalance between lactate production and hepatic lactate utilization, but the exact pathophysiology is far more complex than what we can fathom from current micromolecular studies. We report a case of a 71-year-old male with metastatic lung cancer presenting with fatal lactic acidosis in the absence of liver involvement. Review of the literature reveals only 27 reported cases of solid tumors presenting with lactic acidosis, of which nearly all of them had extensive liver metastasis. Patients were treated with aggressive fluid resuscitation, bicarbonate administration and hemodialysis, but the only effective treatment modality was early aggressive chemotherapy initiation. Copyright © 2017 Southern Society for Clinical Investigation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Rare Presentations of Epstein-Barr Virus--Associated Smooth Muscle Tumor in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arva, Nicoleta C; Schafernak, Kristian T

    2016-01-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has oncogenic potential and has been implicated in the etiology of a wide range of malignancies. Certain EBV-driven neoplasms, such as smooth muscle tumors (SMTs), manifest typically in immunocompromised patients. In children, these neoplasms have been encountered in the setting of primary immune disorders, specifically severe combined and common variable immunodeficiency syndromes. Human immunodeficiency virus infection and posttransplant immunosuppression, in particular liver and kidney transplantation, likewise increase the risk in the pediatric population. The location of these neoplasms appears related to the type of immunodeficiency: in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome they are frequently located intracranially or intraspinally, whereas after transplant they usually involve the liver or lung. We report 2 distinct cases of EBV-related SMT, unique through their coassociated immunosuppressive state or location: the 1st occurred in a patient with immunodeficiency secondary to NEMO gene mutation following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; the 2nd developed in the orbit after heart transplant.

  9. Spinal drop metastasis from a benign fourth ventricular choroid plexus papilloma in a pediatric patient: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morshed, Ramin A; Lau, Darryl; Sun, Peter P; Ostling, Lauren R

    2017-11-01

    Choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) are typically benign tumors that can occur in any age group but are more commonly found in pediatric patients. Although these tumors are benign, there are several reports in adult patients of distant metastases present either at the time of diagnosis or occurring months to years after initial resection. Here, the authors report the case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure due to obstructive hydrocephalus that was caused by a large fourth ventricular mass. Preoperative imaging included a full MRI of the spine, which revealed an intradural lesion that encased the distal sacral nerve roots at the tip of the thecal sac and was concerning for a drop metastasis. The patient underwent gross-total resection of both the fourth ventricular and sacral tumors with histology of both lesions consistent with benign CPP (WHO Grade I). In addition, the authors review prior reports of both pediatric and adult patients in whom benign CPPs have metastasized with either benign or atypical pathology found at a distant site. Taking into account this unusual case and reports in the literature, patients with even benign CPPs may warrant initial and routine follow-up imaging of the total neural axis in search of the rare, but possible, occurrence of drop metastasis.

  10. Rare germline alterations in cancer-related genes associated with the risk of multiple primary tumor development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villacis, Rolando A. R.; Basso, Tatiane R; Canto, Luisa M

    2017-01-01

    Multiple primary tumors (MPT) have been described in carriers of inherited cancer predisposition genes. However, the genetic etiology of a large proportion of MPT cases remains unclear. We reviewed 267 patients with hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes (HCPS) that underwent genetic counseling...... and proliferation. Overall, we identified 14 cases with rare CNVs and/or cnLOH that may contribute to the risk of MPT development. KEY MESSAGE: CNVs may explain the risk of hereditary cancer syndromes in MPT patients. CNVs affecting genes related to cancer are candidates to be involved in MPT risk. EPCAM/MSH2...... and selected 22 patients with MPT to perform genomic analysis (CytoScan HD Array, Affymetrix) aiming to identify new alterations related to a high risk of developing MPT. Twenty patients had a positive family history of cancer and 11 met phenotypic criteria for HCPS. Genetic testing for each of the genes...

  11. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor: A clinico-radio-pathological dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M S Hada

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT is a rare benign neoplasm of mandible in adults. The presentation of this entity is varied and often confused with a variety of mucosal and jaw lesions and clinical, radiological, and pathological feature of CEOT often-mimic malignancy. The objective of this report is to highlight the clinical features and radiological findings which should arouse suspicion of a benign lesion and importance of providing adequate clinical information to the pathologist to attain accurate diagnosis.We discussed two cases with tumors located in the maxilla. Both presented as expansile lesions with one biopsy proven squamous cell carcinoma. Both were pursued with clinico-radiological suspicion of benign lesions and confirmed with pathological correlation of histology and immunohistochemistry as CEOT. Therefore a High index of suspicion and clinico-radiological information are the key feature for diagnosis of this rare tumor.

  12. Pediatric giant cell glioblastoma: New insights into a rare tumor entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karremann, Michael; Butenhoff, Sandra; Rausche, Ulrike; Pietsch, Torsten; Wolff, Johannes E A; Kramm, Christof M

    2009-06-01

    Little is known about giant cell glioblastoma (GCG) in pediatric patients. The present study identified 18 pediatric patients with centrally reviewed GCG from the HIT-GBM database of the Gesellschaft für Paediatrische Onkologie und Haematologie in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Clinical and epidemiological data were compared with those of 178 pediatric patients with centrally reviewed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) from the same database. In this unique series, median age, male preference, and median clinical history did not differ significantly between pediatric GCG and GBM patients. GCG showed a stronger predilection for cerebral hemispheres than did GBM, which may only partly explain the higher percentage of gross total tumor resections in GCG patients. Most surprising, the widely distributed hypothesis that GCG may imply a better prognosis than GBM could not be substantiated for our pediatric series. Future studies with larger patient numbers and molecular pathological analyses are still needed to corroborate the present findings and further elucidate the biology of GCG in children.

  13. Two childhood pheochromocytoma cases due to von Hippel -Lindau disease, one associated with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor; a rare manifestation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dağdeviren Çakır, Aydilek; Turan, Hande; Aykut, Ayça; Durmaz, Asude; Ercan, Oya; Evliyaoğlu, Olcay

    2017-10-12

    (VHL) disease is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder characterized by hemangioblastomas of retina and central nervous system (CNS); renal cysts, clear cell carcinoma; PCC; endolymphatic sac tumors; cystadenomas of the epididymis in males, broad ligament of uterus in females; pancreatic cysts, cystadenomas and neuroendocrine tumors. We here report two cases of VHL disease presented with PCC as the first manifestation. Hemangioblastoma of CNS in the first case and PNET in the second case developed during follow- up and led to the diagnosis of VHL disease. Genetic analyses of cases revealed p.Arg161Gln (c.482G>A) and p.Leu129Pro(c.386T>G) heterozygous missense mutation in VHL gene, respectively. In children, PCC may be the only and/or initial manifestation of the disease with delayed manifestations of the syndrome in other organs. PNET is a very rare manifestation of VHL disease. To best of our knowledge, this is the second case in literature, presenting with combination of PNET and bilateral PCC as components of childhood VHL disease. Pediatric patients diagnosed with PCC should be investigated for the genetic causes especially for VHL.

  14. Is "benign intracranial hypertension" really benign?

    OpenAIRE

    Barber, S G; Garvan, N

    1980-01-01

    Hypothalamic-hypophyseal insufficiency has been found in seven of eight patients with so-called benign intracranial hypertension, of whom four showed an inadequate adrenal response to stress. The syndrome of benign intracranial hypertension cannot therefore be considered entirely benign and patients should receive full endocrinological assessment and follow up.

  15. Intraoral capillary haemangioma: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushma Parimi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiomas are common benign vascular tumors of the head and neck region which account for 7% of all benign tumors of infancy and childhood. Adults are rarely affected, and they have a female predilection. Based on the microscopic appearance, they are classified into capillary, cavernous, mixed, and sclerosing variety. Incidence of intraoral capillary hemangioma (CH is infrequent, and its topographical presentation on the palatal mucosa and gingiva marks extreme rarity. They are uncommonly encountered by the dentists. The aim of this article is to present a case of CH in a 46-year-old male who presented with a swelling on the posterior hard palate on the left side involving the palatal gingiva and palatal mucosa.

  16. Distribution of MED12 mutations in fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumors of the breast--implications for tumor biology and pathological diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfarr, Nicole; Kriegsmann, Mark; Sinn, Peter; Klauschen, Frederick; Endris, Volker; Herpel, Esther; Muckenhuber, Alexander; Jesinghaus, Moritz; Klosterhalfen, Bernd; Penzel, Roland; Lennerz, Jochen K; Weichert, Wilko; Stenzinger, Albrecht

    2015-07-01

    Somatic mutations in exon 2 of MED12 have been described in benign and malignant smooth muscle cell tumors suggesting a functional role in these neoplasms. Recently fibroadenomas of the breast were also reported to harbor MED12 mutations. Hence, we explored MED12 mutations in fibroepithelial tumors of the breast, histological subtypes of fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumors, to validate and extend previous efforts. Using conventional Sanger sequencing, we profiled 39 cases of fibroepithelial breast tumors comprising classic histological subtypes of fibroadenomas as well as benign and malignant phyllodes tumors for mutations in exon 2 of MED12. MED12 mutations were detected in 60% of all tumor samples with the majority being missense mutations affecting codon 44. Additionally, we report novel in-frame deletions that have not been described previously. Sixty-two percent of the fibroadenomas harbored mutated MED12 with intracanalicular fibroadenomas being the most frequently mutated histological subtype (82%). Of note, 8/11 of benign phyllodes tumors had MED12 mutations while only 1/5 of malignant phyllodes tumors showed mutations in exon 2 of MED12. In conclusion, we confirm the frequent occurrence of MED12 mutations in fibroadenomas, provide evidence that most intracanalicular fibroadenomas closely resembling benign phyllodes as well as benign phyllodes tumors harbor MED12 mutations, and conclude that MED12 mutations in malignant phyllodes tumors appear to be relatively rare. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Ki-67 staining in benign, borderline, malignant primary and metastatic ovarian tumors: Correlation with steroid receptors, epidermal-growth-factor receptor and cathepsin D

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.C. Henzen-Logmans; E.J.H. Fieret (E. J H); P.M.J.J. Berns (Els); M.E.L. van der Burg (Maria); J.G.M. Klijn (Jan); J.A. Foekens (John)

    1994-01-01

    textabstractKi-67 immunoreactivity was studied in relation to immunohistochemically assessed expression of epidermal-growth-factor receptor (EGFR), estrogen receptor (ER) progesterone receptor (PgR) and cytosolic levels of cathepsin D in advanced human ovarian adenocarcinomas, borderline and benign

  18. A Malignant Granular Cell Tumor Excised with Mohs Micrographic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Crowe

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant granular cell tumors are extremely rare, aggressive neoplasms displaying rapid growth and frequent associated metastatic disease. Excision and evaluation for metastatic disease are mandatory. We present a 54-year-old patient with a malignant granular cell tumor, treated with Mohs micrographic surgery. Cutaneous granular cell tumors are uncommon neoplasms, likely of perineural origin. Most follow a benign and uneventful course, with wide local excision being the treatment of choice (Enzinger, 1988. The malignant granular cell tumor is an extremely rare, aggressive variant, which provides a diagnostic challenge and management dilemma, especially with early presentation when it may be mistaken for other entities. There is also controversy regarding surgical management and follow-up of both benign and malignant granular cell tumors.

  19. Frontal sinus osteoma with pneumocephalus: A rare cause of progressive hemiparesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwini Bakde Umredkar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomas of paranasal sinuses are common benign tumors and are diagnosed incidentally. However, osteomas complicated by pneumocephalus with air fluid level presenting with progressive hemiparesis is rare. Here, we present a case report of a 22-year-old male who presented with left-sided progressive hemiparesis with history of generalized headache since 2 years.

  20. Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI in the differentiation between uterine leiomyosarcoma / smooth muscle tumor with uncertain malignant potential and benign leiomyoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Gigin; Yang, Lan-Yan; Huang, Yu-Ting; Ng, Koon-Kwan; Ng, Shu-Hang; Ueng, Shir-Hwa; Chao, Angel; Yen, Tzu-Chen; Chang, Ting-Chang; Lai, Chyong-Huey

    2016-02-01

    To compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the differentiation between uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) / smooth muscle tumor with uncertain malignant potential (STUMP) and benign leiomyoma. A consecutive cohort of 8 LMS/STUMP and 25 benign leiomyomas underwent pelvic MRI exam at 3T. Two radiologists independently evaluated images based on CE-MRI (central nonenhancement at equilibrial phase) and DWI (hyperintensity on b = 1000 s/mm2 and hypointensity on apparent diffusion coefficients [ADC] map). The ADC values were calculated from b = 0 and 1000 s/mm2 . CE-MRI yielded a significantly superior diagnostic accuracy (0.94 vs. 0.52) and a significantly higher specificity (0.96 vs. 0.36) than DWI (P < 0.05 for both), and remained a comparably high sensitivity as DWI (0.88 vs. 1.00). A combination of DWI and ADC value <1.08 × 10(-3) mm2 /s (determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis) improved diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of DWI to 0.88, 0.88, and 0.88, respectively, by post-hoc analysis based on the same study cohort. For prospective differentiation between uterine LMS/STUMP and benign leiomyoma, CE-MRI can provide accurate information and is preferable to DWI. Combination of DWI and ADC values can achieve a comparable diagnostic accuracy to CE-MRI. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.