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Sample records for rao acknowledges funding

  1. Acknowledgements

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. Acknowledgements. Graduate students-. Promita Ghosh Dastidar, Chandrama Mukherjee and Shubhra Majumder. Funds- Department of Biotechnology, Govt of India and FIRCA, NIH, USA. Kothari Centre for Gastroenterology, Kolkata for axenic cultures of E32 and ...

  2. Beyond funding: Acknowledgement patterns in biomedical, natural and social sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul-Hus, Adèle; Díaz-Faes, Adrián A; Sainte-Marie, Maxime; Desrochers, Nadine; Costas, Rodrigo; Larivière, Vincent

    2017-01-01

    For the past 50 years, acknowledgments have been studied as important paratextual traces of research practices, collaboration, and infrastructure in science. Since 2008, funding acknowledgments have been indexed by Web of Science, supporting large-scale analyses of research funding. Applying advanced linguistic methods as well as Correspondence Analysis to more than one million acknowledgments from research articles and reviews published in 2015, this paper aims to go beyond funding disclosure and study the main types of contributions found in acknowledgments on a large scale and through disciplinary comparisons. Our analysis shows that technical support is more frequently acknowledged by scholars in Chemistry, Physics and Engineering. Earth and Space, Professional Fields, and Social Sciences are more likely to acknowledge contributions from colleagues, editors, and reviewers, while Biology acknowledgments put more emphasis on logistics and fieldwork-related tasks. Conflicts of interest disclosures (or lack of thereof) are more frequently found in acknowledgments from Clinical Medicine, Health and, to a lesser extent, Psychology. These results demonstrate that acknowledgment practices truly do vary across disciplines and that this can lead to important further research beyond the sole interest in funding.

  3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

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    Anwar Ali, New Delhi. B L Aliero, Sokoto. Anuranjan Anand, Bangalore. V Anantharaman, Bethesda. S K Apte, Mumbai. Rodolfo Aramayo, Texas. Gavin E A, Louisville. Chandrika B-Rao, Mumbai. Hemalatha Balaram, Bangalore. Partick Bateson, Cambridge. Madeleine Beekman, Sydney. Linda M Bhat, Baton Rouge.

  4. Acknowledgment

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. Acknowledgment. My Recent/Current PhD Students. Dr. Subimal Ghosh. Dr. Deepashree Raje. Dr. Shaik Rehana. Ms. Arpita Mondal. Mr. Ujjwal Saha. Ms. Chandra Rupa.

  5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user1

    Stalin, C. S., Bangalore, India. Subramnaniam Annapurni, Bangalore, India. Sutaria Firoza K., Bangalore, India. Tushar Prabhu P., Bangalore, India. Varma Ram K., Ahmedabad, India. Wizinowich Peter, Kamuela, United States Minor Outlying Islands. Zijlstra Albert A., Manchester, United Kingdom. 432. Acknowledgements.

  6. Acknowledgement

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. Acknowledgement. Financial support by Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India, under Young Scientist Research Award Scheme. IIT Kanpur Initiation Grant for a Young Faculty. Experimental work was carried out by: Mr. Ranjith Kumar Reddy G.

  7. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SEARCHU

    Wei J Gong, Salt Lake City. Pedro Luis Ramos González, Havana. Stanislav N Gorb, Stuttgart. Olena Gorb, Stuttgart. Rukmini Govekar, Navi Mumbai. Anil Grover, New Delhi. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. The Editorial Board wishes to place on record the valuable assistance rendered by the following scientists in reviewing.

  8. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tributory factor to speciation in Lake Victoria. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. The generous hospitality and willing assistance given by the. Chief Fisheries Officer, Mr A.J. Mathotho and two suc- cessive Senior Fisheries Research Officers (Mr D.H. Eccles and Mr B.J. Mkoko) of the Malawi Fisheries Department is truly appreciated.

  9. Funding Acknowledgements in the Web of Science: inconsistencies in data collection and standardization of funding organizations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Honk, J.; Calero-Medina, C.; Costas, R.

    2016-07-01

    Funding acknowledgements (FAs), as provided by the Web of Science, are a recent inclusion in the bibliometric toolset. They are starting to be used to study the presence, relationships and effects of funding and funders in the production of new scientific research. The incorporation of this new source of information comes with the need to understand how these data are collected and indexed in the database. This paper discusses important inconsistencies related to the method by which the data for FA and funders are selected, extracted and indexed by WoS, thereby highlighting the need to construct a thesaurus for the data. Problematic areas are found to be the quality of the input data and the conceptualization of what does and does not constitute a funding acknowledgement. Based on this critical analysis of the data and the identification of the main issues, we provide several recommendations for researchers, funders, WoS and other users of the data. (Author)

  10. Beyond funding: What can acknowledgements reveal about credit distribution in science?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul-Hus, A.; DiazFaes, A.; Desrochers, N.; Costas, R.; Sainte-Marie, M.; Macaluso, B.; Lariviere, V.

    2016-07-01

    Funding acknowledgements found in scientific publications have been used for decades to study the role of funding in science production. However, beyond funding information, acknowledgements convey the indebtedness of authors to individuals, institutions and organizations that contributed, in some way, to the research that lead to publication. The objective of this paper is to explore the different types of contributions acknowledged in WoS funding acknowledgement (FA) texts. The Correspondence Analysis performed in this study reveals that FAs offer a unique window on research and collaborative practices, credit distribution, and how these vary across disciplines. FAs thus contribute to make the traditionally “invisible contributions” visible to the scientific community. Results presented in this study go further in demonstrating that acknowledgements are not confined to credit attribution, as they include disclosures of conflict of interest. (Author)

  11. Citation, Funding Acknowledgment and Author Nationality Relationships in Four Information Science Journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, Blaise; Shaw, Debora

    1999-01-01

    Develops a bibliometric profile of four information science journals; analyzes data on acknowledgments to funding sources, authors' nationalities, and the citedness of published articles; and explores the relationships among these variables. Citedness appears to be associated with journal of publication and an author's nationality, but not with…

  12. Jyoti Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Jyoti Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 22 Issue 9 September 2017 pp 829-833 General Article. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016 · Shekhar C Mande Jyoti Rao · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The Nobel ...

  13. Photon Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 2 Issue 5 May 1997 pp 69-72 Feature Article. Molecule of the Month Molecular–Chameleon: Solvatochromism at its Iridescent Best! Photon Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 16 Issue 12 December 2011 pp 1303-1306. Molecule of the Month - Molecular-Chameleon: Solvatochromism at its Iridescent Best!

  14. Is there a relationship between research sponsorship and publication impact? An analysis of funding acknowledgments in nanotechnology papers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jue Wang

    Full Text Available This study analyzes funding acknowledgments in scientific papers to investigate relationships between research sponsorship and publication impacts. We identify acknowledgments to research sponsors for nanotechnology papers published in the Web of Science during a one-year sample period. We examine the citations accrued by these papers and the journal impact factors of their publication titles. The results show that publications from grant sponsored research exhibit higher impacts in terms of both journal ranking and citation counts than research that is not grant sponsored. We discuss the method and models used, and the insights provided by this approach as well as it limitations.

  15. B Venkateswara Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. B Venkateswara Rao. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 124 Issue 4 June 2015 pp 897-908. Equatorial wave activity during 2007 over Gadanki, a tropical station · Salauddin Mohammad Gopa Dutta B Venkateswara Rao P Vinay Kumar.

  16. H Surya Prakash Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. H Surya Prakash Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 3 Issue 11 November 1998 pp 82-86 Feature Article. Molecule of the Month - Corannulene – A Bucky Bowl · H Surya Prakash Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 8 ...

  17. B Jayachander Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. B Jayachander Rao. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 119 Issue 5 September 2007 pp 401-407. Reactive chemical dynamics through conical intersections · S Ghosal B Jayachander Rao S Mahapatra · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Reaction ...

  18. P R Vasudeva Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. P R Vasudeva Rao. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 27 Issue 5 October 2002 pp 527-558. Development of fuels and structural materials for fast breeder reactors · Baldev Raj S L Mannan P R Vasudeva Rao M D Mathew · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Fast breeder reactors (FBRs) are ...

  19. C N R Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. C N R Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 7 Issue 3 March 2002 pp 2-5 Article-in-a-Box. Tribute to Michael Faraday · C N R Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 14 Issue 5 May 2009 pp 508-517 Reflections. Chemistry ...

  20. C N R Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C N R Rao. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 112 Issue 2 April 2000 pp 83-95 Physical and Theoretical. An indigenous cluster beam apparatus with a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer · G Raina G U Kulkarni R T Yadav V S Ramamurthy C N R Rao · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  1. R Vittal Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. R Vittal Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 1 Issue 12 December 1996 pp 78-80 Book Review. A Mathematician's Apology Mathematics and Creativity · R Vittal Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  2. Desirazu N Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Desirazu N Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 3 Issue 6 June 1998 pp 31-39 General Article. Enzyme Kinetics? Elementary, my dear... - Kinetics of Enzyme-Catalysed Reactions · Desirazu N Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 3 Issue 7 July 1998 pp 38-44 General Article.

  3. V Koteswara Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V Koteswara Rao. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 70 Issue 4 April 2008 pp 747-752 Brief Reports. K X-ray satellite spectra of Ti, V, Cr and Mn induced by photons · M V R Murti S S Raju B Seetharami Reddy V Koteswara Rao L S Mombaswala T Seshi Reddy S Lakshminarayana K Premachand.

  4. K R Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. K R Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 2 Issue 6 June 1997 pp 54-59 General Article. The Liquid State - The Arrangement of Atoms · K R Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 2 Issue 8 August 1997 pp 26-31 General ...

  5. U R Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. U R Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 6 Issue 12 December 2001 pp 10-18 General Article. Vikram Sarabhai, the Scientist · U R Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  6. Rao, Prof. Calyampudi Radhakrishna

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 10 September 1920. Specialization: Statistics with Applications to Biology, Signal Processing and Pattern Recognition Address: Distinguished Professor Emeritus, CR Rao Advanced Institute, University of Hyderabad Campus, Prof. CR Rao Road, Hyderabad 500 046, A.P.. Contact: Office: (040) 2313 1170

  7. T Ramakrishna Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T Ramakrishna Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 5 Issue 4 April 2000 pp 85-90 General Article. A Curve for all Reasons - The Rectangular Hyperbola in Biology · T Ramakrishna Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 5 Issue 12 December 2000 pp 41-47 General Article.

  8. P Sanjeeva Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. P Sanjeeva Rao. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 109 Issue 2 June 2000 pp 207-209. Bay of Bengal Monsoon Experiment (BOBMEX) — A component of the Indian Climate Research Programme (ICRP) · D R Sikka P Sanjeeva Rao · More Details ...

  9. Rama Rao Nadendla

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Rama Rao Nadendla. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 9 Issue 5 May 2004 pp 51-60 General Article. Molecular Modeling: A Powerful Tool for Drug Design and Molecular Docking · Rama Rao Nadendla · More Details Fulltext ...

  10. K J RAO

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. K J RAO. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 23 Issue 6 December 2000 pp 461-466 Material Synthesis. Microwave synthesis of electrode materials for lithium batteries · M Harish Bhat B P Chakravarthy P A Ramakrishnan A Levasseur K J RAO.

  11. Sankara Rao, Prof. Kolluri

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sankara Rao, Prof. Kolluri Ph.D. (Bangalore). Date of birth: 15 December 1939. Specialization: Plant Developmental Biology, Biotechnology, Biodiversity Informatics & Plant Systematics Address: Distinguished Fellow, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka Contact:

  12. MSG RAO Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oriol-Pibernat, E.; Govaerts, Y.

    2004-11-01

    BACKGROUND The Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) Research Announcement of Opportunity (RAO) was released by ESA and EUMETSAT in 1999, after a first warning issued in September 1998. The RAO main objective is to promote the scientific use of the new MSG satellites outside the operational meteorological user community, also in synergy with ERS and Envisat data. The variety and quality of the selected proposals proved the usefulness of such joint initiative. 2. STATUS OF THE RAO A total of 43 proposals were selected in 1999. Following the delay in the MSG-1 launch (which operational name is Meteosat-8), the PIs were contacted in early 2003 in order to confirm the interest to continue with the project. There were 5 withdrawals due to various reasons. The PIs have been receiving news through a dedicated WEB site or by emails. Each PI has been assigned a correspondent from ESA or EUMETSAT to follow up the project through the site: http://eopi.esa.int/esa/esa where the papers presented at this Workshop will be included as the first report. 3. THE MSG RAO WORKSHOPS In the framework of the MSG RAO, a series of workshops are organised which goal is to establish a structured dialogue and interactions among the MSG Principal Investigators (PIs) and ESA/EUMETSAT, respectively. Each of these workshops is focusing on a specific aspect, in addition to the necessary exchange of information. 4. OBJECTIVES OF THE BOLOGNA WORKSHOP The focus of the first workshop (17-19 May 2000) was on the presentation of MSG features and of all selected RAO projects. It was a starting point for continued interaction within the MSG RAO community (selected PIs and their co-Investigators, Co-Is). The first MSG RAO workshop provided a forum for discussion among scientists, and ESA and EUMETSAT, leading to a continuous scientific co-operation. Requirements and possibilities with regard to data delivery were formulated and discussed at this workshop. In particular, PIs were asked to specify the minimal and

  13. Rao, Prof. Madan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2011 Section: Physics. Rao, Prof. Madan Ph.D. (IISc). Date of birth: 11 July 1960. Specialization: Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Soft Condensed Matter Physics, Biological Physics Address: Theoretical Physics Group, Raman Research Institute, CV Raman Avenue, Bengaluru 560 080, Karnataka Contact:

  14. Venkateswara Rao, Dr Gundabathula

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 2003 Section: Engineering & Technology. Venkateswara Rao, Dr Gundabathula Ph.D. (IISc), FNAE. Date of birth: 9 November 1944. Specialization: Finite Element Methods, Structural Analysis (Linear & Nonlinear) and Smart Structures Address: No. 502, Reliance Mariam Villa, Street No. 6, Plot No.

  15. Rao, Prof. Sumathi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Prof. Sumathi Ph.D. (SUNY, Stony Brook), FNASc. Date of birth: 5 December 1956. Specialization: Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics, Quantum field Theory Address: Harish Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211 019, U.P.. Contact: Office: (0532) 227 4303. Residence: (0532) 227 4002

  16. Rao, Dr Pendyala Balarama

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1996 Section: Earth & Planetary Sciences. Rao, Dr Pendyala Balarama Ph.D. (Andhra). Date of birth: 15 February 1938. Specialization: Space Physics, Radiowave Propagation and Radar Systems Address: Member, ADCOS-DOS, National Remote Sensing Centre, Bldg No. 10, Balanagar, Hyderabad 500 037, A.P.

  17. Rao, Prof. Valipe Ramgopal

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 2009 Section: Engineering & Technology. Rao, Prof. Valipe Ramgopal FNAE, FNASc, FNA, FIEEE. Date of birth: 16 August 1965. Specialization: Nanoelectronics and Nanotechnology Address: Director, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016, U.T.. Contact:

  18. Rao, Prof. Basuthkar Jagadeeshwar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Prof. Basuthkar Jagadeeshwar Ph.D. (IISc), FNASc, FNA. Date of birth: 13 March 1956. Specialization: Genome Dynamics, Biology of Cellular Adaptations, Computational Biology Address: Department of Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, Maharashtra

  19. Rao, Prof. Palle Rama

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Prof. Palle Rama Ph.D. (Banaras), F.Eng. (UK), FNA, FNASc, FNAE, FASM, FTWAS, Foreign Member - US Natl. Acad. Engg. Council Service: 1989-2000; Vice-President: 1992-94; President: 1995-97. Date of birth: 30 June 1937. Specialization: Deformation, Fracture and Materials Development Address: Chairman ...

  20. Purnachandra Rao, Dr Venigalla

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Purnachandra Rao, Dr Venigalla Ph.D. (Andhra), FNA. Date of birth: 10 October 1955. Specialization: Marine Geology, Authigenic Minerals and Palaeoclimate, Palaeo-sea-levels. Address: Emeritus Scientist, Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan's University, Vadlamudi 522 213, A.P.. Contact: Office: (0863) 234 4761

  1. Rao, Prof. Aroor Pramesh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Prof. Aroor Pramesh Ph.D. (Mumbai). Date of birth: 18 January 1948. Specialization: Sun & Solar Wind, Wave Propagation in Random Media, Aperture Synthesis and Radio Imaging Address: Flat 7, Khagol Housing Society, Panchavati, Pashan, Pune 411 008, Maharashtra Contact: Residence: (020) 6628 0183

  2. Srinivasa Rao Amanchi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Srinivasa Rao Amanchi. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 126 Issue 6 November 2014 pp 1641-1645 Regular Articles. Polyoxometalate coordinated transition metal complexes as catalysts: Oxidation of styrene to benzaldehyde/benzoic acid · Srinivasa ...

  3. Rao, Prof. Kalya Jagannatha

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Prof. Kalya Jagannatha Ph.D. (IIT, Kanpur), D.Sc. (IISc), FNA, FNASc, D.Sc. (h.c., Univ. Bordeaux, France) Council Service: 1998-2003. Date of birth: 7 December 1940. Specialization: Amorphous Solids & Ceramics and Phase Transitions Address: 187/1, Tadvanam Estate, Halasinganahalli Road, Kalya Post, Magadi ...

  4. Pushpa M Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Pushpa M Rao. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 67 Issue 6 December 2006 pp 1087-1097 Research Articles. Measurement of storage time, estimation of ion number and study of absorption line profile in a Paul trap · Soumen Bhattacharyya Anita ...

  5. Rao, Prof. Arikkala Raghurama

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2012 Section: Physics. Rao, Prof. Arikkala Raghurama Ph.D. (Mumbai). Date of birth: 14 June 1954. Specialization: X-ray Astronomy, X-ray Instrumentation, High Energy Astrophysics Address: Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, ...

  6. Rao, Prof. Chebrolu Pulla

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Prof. Chebrolu Pulla Ph.D. (IISc), FNASc, FNA. Date of birth: 13 May 1954. Specialization: Bioinorganic Chemistry, Supramolecular Chemistry, Ion & Molecular Receptors, Metalloproteins & Metalloenzymes Address: Institute Chair Professor, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Mumbai 400 ...

  7. Rao, Prof. Kaza Kesava

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1992 Section: Engineering & Technology. Rao, Prof. Kaza Kesava Ph.D. (Houston). Date of birth: 12 April 1956. Specialization: Flow of Granular Materials and Defluoridation of Drinking Water Address: Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka

  8. Nageswara Rao, Dr Gullapalli

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nageswara Rao, Dr Gullapalli M.D. (Opthal.) (AIIMS), FAMS, FACS, FRCS, FNASc. Date of birth: 1 September 1945. Specialization: Cornea, Community Eye Health and Eye Care Policy & Planning Address: Distinguished Chair of Eye Health, LV Prasad Eye Institute, LV Prasad Marg, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 500 034, A.P.

  9. Rao, Prof. Addicam Jagannadha

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Prof. Addicam Jagannadha Ph.D. (IISc), FNA, FNASc, FAMS. Date of birth: 11 July 1942. Specialization: Regulation of Placental Function, Cellular Differentiation, Primate Biology, Oocyte Maturation Address: INSA Senior Scientist, Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka

  10. L V G Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. L V G Rao. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 109 Issue 2 June 2000 pp 255-265. Thermohaline structure and circulation in the upper layers of the southern Bay of Bengal during BOBMEX-Pilot (October — November 1998) · V Ramesh Babu V S N ...

  11. V V S Gurunadha Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. V V S Gurunadha Rao. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 122 Issue 3 June 2013 pp 855-867. Hydrogeochemistry and groundwater quality assessment of Ranipet industrial area, Tamil Nadu, India · G Tamma Rao V V S Gurunadha Rao K ...

  12. V S C Manga Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. V S C Manga Rao. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 61 Issue 3 September 2003 pp 563-575 Research Articles. Phase conjugation of gap solitons: A numerical study · V S C Manga Rao S Dutta Gupta · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We study the ...

  13. Rao, Prof. Paranandi Venkata Suryanarayana

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1974 Section: Engineering & Technology. Rao, Prof. Paranandi Venkata Suryanarayana Ph.D. (Mumbai), FNA, FNASc, FNAE. Date of birth: 17 July 1936. Specialization: Computer Science & Speech Research, Natural Language Processing and Cursive Script Recognition Address: Flat No. 601, Vigyan, Sector 17, ...

  14. and KPS BHASKARA RAO3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. A Kłopotowski1 M G Nadkarni2 K P S Bhaskara Rao3. Université Paris XIII, Institut Galilée, 93430 Villetaneuse Cedex, France; Department of Mathematics, University of Mumbai, Kalina, Mumbai 400 098, India; Stat-Math Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, R.V. College Post, Banglore 560 059, India ...

  15. Rao, Prof. Manchanahalli Rangaswamy Satyanarayana

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1988 Section: General Biology. Rao, Prof. Manchanahalli Rangaswamy Satyanarayana Ph.D. (IISc), FNA, FNASc, FTWAS, FAMS Council Service: 2013-; Vice President: 2013-. Date of birth: 21 January 1948. Specialization: RNA Biology, Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Neurooncology Address: Honorary ...

  16. Rao, Dr Kanury Venkata Subba

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rao, Dr Kanury Venkata Subba Ph.D. (Baroda), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 27 September 1958. Specialization: Synthetic Peptides, Cell Signalling, Biology of Tuberculosis Infection, Systems Biology Address: Head, DDRC, Translational Health Science & Technbology Institute, NCR Biotech, Science Cluster, Faridabad 121 ...

  17. Sumathi Rao | Speakers | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sumathi Rao. Sumathi Rao. Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad. Sumathi Rao received her PhD from the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1983 in particle physics. She joined the Institute of Physics in Bhubaneswar in 1987, after postdoctoral jobs at Fermi Lab and at the University of Wisconsin in ...

  18. Straight talk with... Mahendra Rao by Dolgin Elie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Mahendra

    2011-10-11

    In October 2005, Mahendra Rao shocked the scientific community when he quit his job as head of the US National Institute on Aging's stem cell section and announced plans to go into industry. Rao felt that a ban at the time on federal funding for most human embryonic stem cell research hampered researchers in his division and prohibited him from doing the job he was hired to do. So he joined the research-tool giant Invitrogen (which later became Life Technologies) as vice president of regenerative medicine at the company's Maryland facility. Six years on, times have changed in the field of stem cell biology: rules governing taxpayer-backed research involving embryonic stem (ES) cells have been relaxed in the US, and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have come into the fray. Prompted by those changes, Rao opted to return to the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) in August to head the new Intramural Center for Regenerative Medicine. The $52 million center was launched in early 2010 by the agency to develop new therapies using stem cell approaches. With a heightened focus at the NIH on translational medicine, Elie Dolgin spoke to Rao to find out how he plans to turn stem cell discoveries into cell-based therapies.

  19. Acknowledging the back patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup, Lene; Norlyk, Annelise

    and reluctant to speak out. Therefore, telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged. The health professionals must incorporate the patients’ narratives as an integral part of the care and treatment. Conclusions: In order to acknowledge...

  20. Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickola, Marisa; Gaylard, Mike; Quick, Jonathan; Combrinck, Ludwig

    2013-01-01

    HartRAO provides the only fiducial geodetic site in Africa, and it participates in global networks for VLBI, GNSS, SLR, and DORIS. This report provides an overview of geodetic VLBI activities at HartRAO during 2012, including the conversion of a 15-m alt-az radio telescope to an operational geodetic VLBI antenna.

  1. Prakasa Rao, Prof. Bhagavatula Lakshmi Surya

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Prakasa Rao, Prof. Bhagavatula Lakshmi Surya Ph.D. (Michigan State), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 6 October 1942. Specialization: Statistics Address: Ramanujan Chair Professor, CR Rao Advanced Institute of Mathematics,, Statistics & Computer Science, University of Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad 500 046, A.P.

  2. Bhaskar Rao: far from resigned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandekar, S

    1992-03-01

    In 1972, Dr. Bhaskar Rao 1st worked for Operations Research Group (ORG), a market research agency. He resigned as its President in December 1991 after it was sold to Business India. He was able to life ORG from just an audit organization to an organization that could conduct analyses and formulate strategies, and that was doing well financially. He was not willing to let this well-respected, independent, professional, and nonprofit group be viewed as part of a for-profit magazine company, however. After finishing his undergraduate education, he became involved in the social service organization directed by Nehru. In 1962, he worked full time for its mass awareness group and then worked to combat rumors during the India-China war. In 1963, he worked with farmers to educate them on how to use fertilizers to increase yield. This experience brought him a scholarship to study social science at Kansas State University in 1967. In the US, he took a course at Martin Luther King's School for Social Change to further his political interests. He received a Ph.D. in mass communications from the University of Iowa then returned to India. In 1970, he worked for the Ford Foundation as a consultant to the Ministry of Health and Family Planning which wanted to survey 25,000 people to learn their perceptions of family planning. He dealt with ORG. The owner convinced him to leave the Ford Foundation and work for ORG where he worked on the family planning survey and the national readership survey. In 1973, he challenged remarks made by the minister of information and broadcast during a public speech. Impressed, the minister offered him an evaluation advisor position. In 1977, however, he left and returned to ORG where he became widely known as a media analyst. In 1983, he became vice president of ORG and president in 1985.

  3. Acknowledgement to Reviewers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Office

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Acknowledgement to ReviewersThe editorial board of International Journal of Cancer Therapy and Oncology (IJCTO wishes to acknowledge the help of reviewers who have generously contributed their valuable time and efforts during the period September 2013–October 2014 in the appraisal of manuscripts submitted to the IJCTO. Abdulhamid Chaikh (FranceAlok Singh (USAAnamika Basu (USAAnish Banerjee (IndiaAntonella Fogliata (SwitzerlandArun Oinam (IndiaBirendra Kumar Rout (IndiaBrindha Subramanian (AustraliaCharles Bloch (USACharles Shang (USAChee-Wai Cheng (USAChih-Yao Cheng (USADaniel Bailey (USADanijela Scepanovic (SlovakiaErsalan Hernandez (USAEsmaeel Ghasroddashti (CanadaH Sudahar (IndiaHe Wang (USAKanan Jassal (IndiaLanchun Lu (USALei Guo (USALeonardo da Silva Boia (USALuiz Antonio Ribeiro da Rosa (BrasilMaria Chan (USAMing Yan (USAMohamed Fawzy (EgyptMohammad Rafiqul Islam (USANilseia Aparecida Barbosa (BrasilNita Nair (IndiaPanayiotis Mavroidis (USAPaul Sijens (NetherlandsPaulo Roberto Fonseca (BrasilPei-Hsin Cheng (USAPrabhakar Ramachandran (AustraliaPradip Maiti (IndiaPratik Kumar (IndiaQinghui Zhang (USAQiyong Fan (USARadu Alin Vasilache (RomaniaRajesh Thiyagarajan (IndiaRanjita Shegokar (GermanyRick Sims (New ZelandSara Bresciani (ItalySaurabh Varshney (IndiaShyam Pokhrel (USASunder Goyal (IndiaSupriya Chopra (IndiaSuresh Rana (USAToks Yerokun (USATulika Seth (USAV. Kannan (IndiaWaldemar Ulmer (GermanyWaqas Shuaib (USAXiang-Ming Ding (USAYida Hu (USAYong Chen (USAYu Wang (USAYuanming Feng (USAYulin Song (USA

  4. Acknowledgment - Issue 60

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Executive Editor

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Biblios wish to acknowledge the support of the following professionals who participated in the review process of submissions for our issue 60.ReviewersAndré Ancona Lopez (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, BrasilGildenir Carolino Santos (Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, BrasilJacira Gil Bernardes (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, BrasilRodrigo Donoso Vegas (Universidad de Chile - UCHILE, ChileSaúl Hiram Souto Fuentes (Universidad de Monterrey - UDEM, MéxicoReviewers invitedAlejandro Uribe Tirado (Universidad de Antioquia - UDEA, ColombiaFernanda Passini Moreno (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, BrasilJosé Bernal Rivas Fernández (Universidad de Costa Rica - UCR, Costa RicaMarta Lígia Pomim Valentim (Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, BrasilOrlando Corzo Cauracurí (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos - UNMSM, PerúTerezinha Elisabeth da Silva (Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, BrasilZaira Regina Zafalon (Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCAR, BrasilIn the same way our acknowledge to University Library System (University of Pittsburgh - PITTS, USA by constant technical support and advice for our journal.

  5. Acknowledging the back patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup Jørgensen, Lene; Norlyk, Annelise

    #296 Acknowledging The Back Patient. A Thematic Synthesis Of Qualitative Research. A Systematic Literature Review. Janne Brammer Damsgaard1, Lene Bastrup Jørgensen1, Annelise Norlyk2, Regner Birkelund3 1. Health, Section for Nursing, Aarhus University & Research Unit, Elective Surgery Centre......, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Regional Hospital Central Jutland, Silkeborg, Denmark 2. Health, Section for Nursing, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark 3. University of Southern Denmark & Vejle Sygehus, Vejle, Denmark keywords:Back Patient, Narrative, Biomedical, Marginalisation, Self-Identity, Ethical...... the back patient the narrative must be complemented by a different perspective that includes the issue of ethical responsibility. It is therefore also a question of adopting certain norms as binding; to be bound by obligation or loyalty. Thus, the literature review argue for a more process-oriented patient...

  6. Acknowledgment - Issue 65

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Executive Editor

    2016-12-01

    • Andrés Vuotto (Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata - MDP, Argentina • Pedro Jorge Dimitri (Instituto Nacional de la Administración Pública, Argentina Reviewers invited • Adilson Luiz Pinto (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Brasil • Carlos Francisco Bitencourt Jorge (Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP, Brasil • Jayme Leyro Vilan Filho (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, Brasil • Murilo Bastos da Cunha (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, Brasil • Silvana Vilodre Goellner (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, Brasil In the same way our acknowledge to University Library System (University of Pittsburgh - PITTS, USA by constant technical support and advice for our journal.

  7. Rao Heidmets tegi eestlaste traagilised elulood filmiks / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Joonisfilm "Elulood" : stsenaristid Rao Heidmets ja Mats Traat : režissöör Rao Heidmets : kunstnik Ave Nahkur : helilooja Olav Ehala : esilinastus Torontos, oktoober 2007 : Eesti esilinastus 25. nov. 2007. Lisatud "Filmis kõlavaid elulookatkeid"

  8. Weierstrass semigroups and the Feng-Rao Distance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campillo, Antonio; Farran, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups......We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups...

  9. Prasada Rao, Dr Turaga Sundara Rama

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1994 Section: Engineering & Technology. Prasada Rao, Dr Turaga Sundara Rama Ph.D. (Andhra), FNAE. Date of birth: 20 January 1939. Specialization: Petroleum Refining and Heterogeneous Catalysis Address: SFS Flat No. 600, DDA/HIG Flats, Sector 13, Phase 2, Pocket B, Dwaraka, New Delhi 110 045, U.T.

  10. Acknowledgements

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    All the team of the Théodora Foundation and the members of its Board warmly thank everyone who contributed to the collection organized after the death of our colleague and friend Hubert Muller Created 11 years ago, the Théodora Foundation's goal was to relieve the suffering of hospitalized children through laughter. Thanks to your gift of 850 CHF, hospitalized children will receive a tender and funny visit from one of the Théodora Foundation's Dream Doctors. The Foundation dedicates to everyone who participated the magic moments of joy and happiness lived by each small patient during one of these visits. We express here our deep gratitude to Hubert's family for this gesture and hope that they find comfort in knowing that Hubert's memory will live through these children, for whom this sum will help to relieve the difficulty of their every day lives. In the name of the Safety Commission

  11. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the rocky communities of both lakes, particularly among the algal scrapers, insect pickers and zooplank- tivores. Furthermore, the Lake Victoria species take hooks baited with worms or meat suggesting that, like the Mbuna, they are facultative opportunists as well as specialist feeders. (iv) Populations of the different rocky ...

  12. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    covers1

    Kees van Oers, Wageningen. Lauren Vanner-Nicely, Richmond. Raghavan Varadarajan, Bangalore. Mandira Varma-Basil, Delhi. M Vijayan, Bangalore. Sanjeev Waghmare, Navi Mumbai. Ramona L Walls, Bronx. Thomas Wang, Ann Arbor. Milind Watve, Pune. Stephen Williams, Charlottesville. John A Wolf, Philadelphia.

  13. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Tina van de Flierdt, Columbia University, USA. Martin Frank, DTH Zurich, Switzerland. Anil Gupta, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. P K Gupta, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. S Hastenrath, USA. B Hayward, Geomarine Research, Auckland, New Zealand. J. Earth Syst. Sci. 114, No. 6, December 2005, pp.

  14. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Ajoy K Baksi, Baton Rouge. S Bhattacharya, Kolkata. Abhijit Bhattacharya, Kharagpur. Sumit Chakraborty, Bochum. Ramesh Chander, Roorkee. S J Daly, Ireland. Ian Fitzsimons, Australia. Jibmitra Ganguly, Arizona. K Gopalan, Hyderabad. B N Goswami, Bangalore. Prashant Goswami, Bangalore. P K Gupta, Roorkee.

  15. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Stoffelen Ad, Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute, Postbus 201 3730 AE De Bilt, Netherlands. Sudha Kumari, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. Sullivan J, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Sundarajan N, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti. Suparta Wayan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, ...

  16. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Babu Suresh, Space Physics Laboratory, Thiruvananthapuram. Bagh Samer, Istituto Nazionale di ... Chen J-S, National Central University, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Republic of China. Chetty T R K, CSIR – National ... Kambekar Ajay, Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Mumbai. Kamra A, Indian Institute of ...

  17. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Borgne Tanguy Le, Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France. Capitaine Nicole, Observatoire de Paris SYRTE 61 Av de l'Observatoire, Paris, France. Chakraborty Arindam, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Chakraborty Tapan, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata. Chakraborty Chandan, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata.

  18. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0008471

    Anais Boura, University Pierre and Marie CURIE, Paris, France. Anamitra Saha, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai. Anand Jaitly, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Anand Kulkarni, RMS Risk Management Solutions, India. Anand Singh, CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad.

  19. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Berthier Etienne, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Toulouse, France. Bhardwaj Anil, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram. Bhat G S, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Bhattacharya Amit Kumar, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. Bhattacharya Bimalendu Bhusan, S N Bose National ...

  20. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    . N Fedoroff, Science des Sols et Hydrologie, Paris Cedex, France. F Gasse, Université d' Aix-Marseille III Aix-En-Provence, France. George Mathew, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Mumbai. J S Godfrey, CSIRO Marine Research, ...

  1. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ali Kaushar, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune. Altamimi Z, Institut Géographique National, France. Anand S P, Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Mumbai. Anbazhagan P, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru. Anthony Edward, Aix-Marseille Universite, Marseille, France. Aparna S G, CSIR – National Institute of ...

  2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rajesh Agnihotri, School for Marine Sciences and Technology, New Bedford, Massachusetts, USA. Shakeel Ahmed, National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad. S Anbazhagan, Periyar University, Salem. J-M Andre, LOCEAN, Paris, France. H Andruleit, Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, ...

  3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Christine Janis, Providence. Narendra Jawali, Mumbai. G Jayabaskaran, Bangalore. R Jayaraman, Madurai. Ying Jin, Shanghai. Man Mohan Johri, Mumbai. B N Johri, Pantnagar. N V Joshi, Bangalore. Rajiv D Kalraiya, Mumbai. Anjali A Karande, Bangalore. Durgadas P Kasbekar, Hyderabad. Trupti S Kawli, Stanford.

  4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Subramanian Sivakami, Mumbai. Soekarja Somadikarta, Depok. Sudhir K Sopory, New Delhi. Glaucia Souza, Sao Paulo. A Srikrishna, Bangalore. N Srinivasan, Bangalore. S Srivastava, New Delhi. Stephen Stearns, New Haven. Richard Stephenson, Ontario. John Stinchombe, Providence. Daniel Stoebel, Stony Brook.

  5. Acknowledgements

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The collection of most of the works discussed in this book was made possible through a grant provided by the French Institute for Research in Africa (IFRA), Ibadan, Nigeria. The grant made it possible for me to travel to different cities in Nigeria as well as to Accra, Ghana to meet and discuss with composers and music teachers as well as to consult music libraries and archives. I am very grateful to Professor Georges Hérault, the Director of IFRA, Ibadan for his support and encouragement. My...

  6. Acknowledgments

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The early completion of this book was facilitated through an initial grant from the French Institute for Research in Africa (IFRA), Ibadan. Subsequent complementary research and travel grants were offered by the following organizations: Committee for the Defense of Human Rights (CDHR), Nigeria; The British Council, Nigeria; The Danish Writers Association, in conjunction with the Literature Information Center, and the Danish Center for Culture and Development (CKU). Too many people than can be...

  7. Acknowledgements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    The Meeting was sponsored by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the Società Italiana di Fisica (SIF), the European Physics Society (EPS), the University of Pisa and the University of Siena.

  8. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R.Narasimhan(krishtel emaging)1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    . R Sridharan, Thiruvananthapuram, India. J R S Stuart Robinson, Oxford, UK. K V Subbarao, Mumbai, India. Timothy Liu, USA. Vibeke Jensen Haugen, Norway. P N Vinaychandran, Bangalore, India. William Plant, USA. William J Emery, USA.

  9. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Carlos F Arias, Morelos. Rohini Balakrishnan, Bangalore. G Barthelemy, Tours. Ranjan Bhadra ... John Cullen, Halifax. Lisa Curran, Michigan. Gopal Dasika, Bangalore. Jean R David, Gif-sur-Yvette. Jyotsna Dhawan, Hyderabad. Rajan Dighe, Bangalore. C J Dominic, Varanasi. Richard L Doty, Philadelphia. Ghafoorunissa ...

  10. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Cramer Neil, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Das Someshwar, National Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting, Noida. Dasgupta Prabir, Presidency College, Kolkata. Dasgupta Sujit, Geological Survey of India, Kolkata. Dashora Nirvikar, National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Godanki. Deo M, Indian ...

  11. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Ajay Manglik, Hyderabad, India. H Annamalaia, USA. M K Antony, Goa, India. S K Behera, Japan. N Bhandari, Ahmedabad, India. Dev Niyogi, USA. Gangan Prathap, Bangalore, India. V K Gaur, Bangalore, India. J S Godfrey, Australia. B N Goswami, Bangalore, India. J N Goswami, Ahmedabad, India. P K Gupta, Roorkee ...

  12. Acknowledgements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    Document summarizes the results of the benefits analysis of EERE’s programs, as described in the FY 2008 Budget Request. EERE estimates benefits for its overall portfolio and nine Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment (RD3) programs.

  13. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Kenneth Carpenter, Colorado. Jacques Castanet, Paris. P Chakraborty, Chandigarh. Animesh Chakravorty, Jadavpur. H Sharat Chandra, Bangalore. Sosale Chandrasekhar, Bangalore. M K Chandrashekaran, Bangalore. Sumantra Chatterji, Bangalore. Hueng S Choi, Kwangju. Matthew Cobb, Paris. Athel Cornish-Bowden ...

  14. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Paul Jinu. Paul Angshuman. Paul(Machining, Grinding, Tool Coating). Soumitra. Perumal M. Peter Benner. Philip Ligy. Pillai Radhakrishna G. Prabhakar T V ... Seetha N. Selvakumar S. Selvaraj Pugazhenthi. Selvaraja Shankar Kumar. Selvi Sethu. Sen Shuvam sen Pranab. Sen Siddhartha. Sen Subhankar. Sen D.J..

  15. Acknowledgements

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    He points out that it is incorrect to attribute the result that 1r / 4 = 1 - 1/3 + 1/5 - 1/7 + ... to ... attributes these series· to Madhava (1350-1410) and the proofs are presumably due to him. In any case there is no ... result of Madhava giving the value of 1r correct to 11 decimal places, and also explains that 1r cannot be exactly ...

  16. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    academic and financial support. I would like to express my gratitude to all the del- egates from India and abroad, who participated actively during these three days. I thank the speakers and the chairmen of the different sessions. I hope our young colleagues have been benefited from deliberation of the senior scientists and ...

  17. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Biswal Tapas Kumar, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai. Boese Maren, California .... Mauget Steven A, Plant Stress and Water Conservation Lab, USDA-ARS, Lubbock, United States. Mazumder Aninda, National .... Shang Jiali, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Shao Hui, Developmental ...

  18. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Agram Piyush, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States. Ahmed Shakeel, National ..... Li Zhi, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Yangling, Shaanxi, China. Liesa Carlos, University ..... Xie Hua, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, United States. Xiu P, University of ...

  19. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Madhu

    Mittal Aditya, New Delhi. Ashok Agarwal, Cleveland. Ramesh K Aggarwal, Hyderabad. Loranne Agius, Newcastle upon Tyne. Windsor Aguirre, Stony Brook. Sher Ali, New Delhi. Ashima Anand, Delhi. T N Ananthakrishnan, Chennai. Rustom Antia, Atlanta. Sri Kumar Apte, Mumbai. Jaywant Arakeri, Bangalore. Y Araki ...

  20. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Raghavendra Gadagkar, Bangalore. Lawrence I Gilbert, Chapel-Hill. K P Gopinathan, Bangalore. Arunava Goswami, Kolkata. Nelson Guda, Austin. P K Gupta, Meerut. Vidya Gupta, Pune. Jameela Hassahali, Nairobi. J Den Hertog, Utrecht. Sharon R Hill, Ontario ... Shekar C Mande, Hyderabad. Shyamala Mani, Gurgaon.

  1. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Pandey Piyush Kant. Pandey, P. C.. Pani, B. S.. Panigrahi, B. K.. Panigrahi Sushanta Kumar. Panigrahi, P. K.. Pankaj, W. Parida Sanjoy Kumar. Parkash Suraj. Patel Dhiren. Patil Mahesh, B. Patnaik, L. M.. Paul Soumitra. Paul Jinu. Philip Ligy. Pillai Radhakrishna G. Prabhakar, T. V.. Prabhakaran Vinod. Pradhan Bulu.

  2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0005881

    Uma Kant Sahoo. Umakanthan Saravanan. Umapada Pal. Umashankar Balunaini. Unnikrishnan Cheramangalath. Uroš Mlakar. V Rajbabu. Vaibhav Arghode. Varun Raghunathan. Vasant Matsagar. Vedaprabhu Basavarajappa. Veeresh Gangappa Kasabegoudar. Venkata Vanukuru. Venkata Ramana Badarla. Venkatesh ...

  3. Acknowledgements

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dr. B. Rajakumar, D. Anandaraj, Janardan Kundu, Harish Chakravarty (Ph.D. students). D.S.S. Hembram, Mukesh Agrawal, Vijayanand Chandrasekharan, Naga Boopathy, Sharath (Project Assistants). Dr. Dinesh Bilehal and Dr. Amit Pathak (Postdocs). Knowledge and Wisdom (Yellow is color of wisdom: Google). Profs.

  4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Balaram V, CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad. Balarino Lucia, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales-CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Banakar V, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa. Banerjee Santanu, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai. J. Earth Syst. Sci.

  5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N Sethuraman, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA. D Shankar, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa. D K Sharma, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi. Kamal Kant Sharma, Govt. Postgraduate College, Sirohi. Hetu Sheth, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai. S Shivaramakrishnan, Indian ...

  6. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Hans Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2006-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a lar...

  7. Acknowledgements -R-ES-ONANCEI

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Resonance acknowledges the Swedish Academy of Sciences for the permission to reproduce the pictures from the Nobel Posters of both Physics and Chemistry for the articles on Nobel Prize that appeared in February, 1998 issue. It also thanks the. Nobel Laureates for the consent to publish their pictures. India. Third World ...

  8. Optimum Cooperative UAV Sensing Based on Cramer-Rao Bound

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gu, G; Chandler, P. R; Schumacher, C. J; Sparks, A; Pachter, M

    2005-01-01

    .... Based on the Cramer-Rao bound, we are able to derive the minimum achievable error variance in estimation of the position and the velocity of the GMT, and obtain the optimal geometries of the UAV...

  9. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized Hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2005-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a large...... family of codes that includes the duals of one-point geometric Goppa codes and the q-ary Reed-Muller codes, but not the Feng-Rao improved such ones. We show that Heijnen and Pellikaan’s results holds for the more general class of codes for which the traditional Feng-Rao bound can be applied. We also...... establish the connection to the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound for generalized Hamming weights ([15], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20]). More precisely we show that the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound is a consequence of the extended Feng-Rao bound. In particular the extended Feng-Rao bound gives always at least as good...

  10. Appa Rao Podile | Speakers | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Appa Rao Podile, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, elected to Fellowship in 2015. Podile is interested in plant–microbe interactions. His research group focuses on molecular interactions of rhizosphere bacteria with plants. In the past decade, domain shuf- fling/swapping of recombinant bacterial chitinases, bioprocess ...

  11. 150 K. Visweswara Rao and T. R. Seshadri

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    150 K. Visweswara Rao and T. R. Seshadri was then effected under ordinary pressure up to a temperature of 240°. It was connected again to the pump and the distillation carried out at a pressure of 40 mm. Three fractions were collected: (1) below 160", (2) 160—70“ and (3) 17045". The last fraction corresponded to ...

  12. Page 1 Anharmonic oscillators Acknowledgements Financial ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anharmonic oscillators. Acknowledgements. Financial assistance of CSIR, India, is gratefully acknowledged. One of us (AKC) is also thankful to CSIR for providing a research associateship. References. 1 G Herzberg, Molecular spectra and molecular structure (Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY,. 1950) Vol 1. 2 C Kittel ...

  13. Dynamic TCP acknowledgment with sliding window

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Koga, Hisashi

    .... However, its framework does not consider the sliding window in the TCP protocol that restricts the maximum number of packets that the sender can inject into the network without an acknowledgement...

  14. Fast Erasure and Error decoding of Algebraic Geometry Codes up to the Feng-Rao Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, S.; Leonard, D.

    1996-01-01

    This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao.......This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao....

  15. The Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter: A Filter Bank Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlsson Rickard

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available For computational efficiency, it is important to utilize model structure in particle filtering. One of the most important cases occurs when there exists a linear Gaussian substructure, which can be efficiently handled by Kalman filters. This is the standard formulation of the Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF. This contribution suggests an alternative formulation of this well-known result that facilitates reuse of standard filtering components and which is also suitable for object-oriented programming. Our RBPF formulation can be seen as a Kalman filter bank with stochastic branching and pruning.

  16. Estimating the Cramer-Rao bound for restored astronomical observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaccheo, T. S.; Gonsalves, R. A.; Ebstein, S. M.; Nisenson, P.

    1995-01-01

    This work addresses the problem of assigning confidence intervals to estimated photometry data obtained from astronomical observations. The proposed solution is to estimate the Cramer-Rao bound, which is an analytical expression that describes the minimum obtainable mean square error associated with a given estimate of a parameter. This Letter presents a compact and simple form for the bound associated with a linear estimator such as a Wiener filter estimator. A prescription for estimating the variance associated with each element in a restored object was developed using an analytical model for observed data corrupted by either Poisson or Gaussian noise. Both one- and two-dimensional examples are presented.

  17. Acknowledging the patient with back pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Jørgensen, Lene Bastrup; Norlyk, Annelise

    2015-01-01

    of this literature review is to gain a better understanding of back patients’ illness experiences and to identify, systematise and integrate the findings of different qualitative studies that may elucidate barriers, consequences or focal points in connection with the care and treatment. Methods: The methodology...... of the included studies demonstrates the need for healthcare professionals to pay attention to back patients’ narratives in order to acknowledge them as human beings. This acknowledgement involves an ethical dimension and a sense of responsibility, manifested as respectful inclusion of the patient’s experiences...

  18. 75 FR 47738 - Acknowledgment Letters for Customer Funds and Secured Amount Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ...) efficiency, competitiveness, and financial integrity of futures markets; (3) price discovery; (4) sound risk... efficiency or competition. 3. Financial integrity of futures markets and price discovery. The proposed... contributing to the financial integrity of the futures and options markets as a whole. This, in turn, would...

  19. Page 1 320 B L Brinda, U V Varadaraju and G V Subba Rao 4 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1988a in Chemistry of oxide superconductors (Oxford: Blackwell Sci. Publ.) Rao CNR (ed.) 1988b in Chemical and structural aspects of high temperature superconductors, (Singapore: World Scientific). Rao C N R and Raveau B 1989 Acc. Chem. Res. 22 106. Siegrist T, Zahurak S M, Murphy D W and Roth RS 1988 Nature ...

  20. Plasma cortisol concentration increases within 6 hours of stabling in RAO-affected horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaba, J J; Behan Braman, A; Robinson, N E

    2014-09-01

    In many inflammatory diseases plasma cortisol concentration (CORT) increases at the onset of acute inflammation, but the situation in recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) of horses is unknown. Split-plot repeated measures design with one grouping factor (disease) and two repeated factors (day and 3-hour intervals). To test the hypothesis that CORT increases as acute exacerbations of RAO develop. Four RAO-susceptible and 4 control horses were placed in a low dust environment (LDEnv) for 2 days followed by 2 days in a high dust environment (HDEnv). Exacerbations of RAO were indicated by increases in maximal change in pleural pressure (ΔPplmax) and decreases in breathing frequency variability (BFV), which was continuously measured by respiratory inductance plethysmography. Plasma samples for determination of CORT were collected every 6 h. In control horses, ΔPplmax and BFV were unaffected by the HDEnv, whereas in RAO-affected horses ΔPplmax increased and BFV decreased significantly. In the LDEnv, there was a circadian variation in CORT in both control and RAO-affected horses. In HDEnv, CORT was unaffected in control horses, but increased significantly in RAO-affected horses between 6 and 12 h after entering the HDEnv. Plasma cortisol concentration increases concurrently with the development of acute exacerbations of RAO. © 2013 EVJ Ltd.

  1. Oxidant-antioxidant status in the blood of horses with symptomatic recurrent airway obstruction (RAO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedzwiedz, A; Jaworski, Z

    2014-01-01

    Systemic oxidative stress in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is poorly characterized. The goal of this study was to investigate whether equine RAO is associated with systemic disturbances in the oxidant-antioxidant equilibrium. Seven healthy horses and 7 horses with symptomatic RAO. A prospective study. Healthy and RAO-affected horses were exposed to a 48-hour challenge with moldy hay and straw to induce clinical exacerbation of RAO. Venous blood was collected and the activities of the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GR) in equine erythrocyte lysates were measured. The concentration of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARSs) was assessed both in erythrocyte lysates and in plasma. A significant increase in the activities of GPx and SOD was detected in RAO-affected horses compared with the control animals. There was no significant difference between groups in terms of the erythrocyte lysate activities of CAT, GR, or TBARs or the plasma concentration of TBARs. Our results support the hypothesis that RAO in horses is associated with systemic oxidative stress. Future studies are needed to assess whether horses suffering from RAO can benefit from antioxidant supplementation. Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

  2. Negotiations of Acknowledgement among Middle Class Residents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Nina Blom

    2013-01-01

    The article presents an analysis of communication processes between residents, between residents and people in the broader societal context as well as of media coverage of a fireworks disaster in a Danish suburb. It demonstrates how residents (all members of the Danish middle class) were able...... to have their situation – their affectedness - acknowledged in interactions with others and gain considerable attention right after the accident. In addition it demonstrates how the initial acknowledgement decreased over time. In this case the axes of differentiation did not relate to questions of gender......, ethnicity, class or other social categories normally recognized as influential in case of disastrous events. Since the population in the area was very homogenous, the axis of differentiation was instead linked to the social category of affectedness, and a hierarchy of affectedness was identified within...

  3. Acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers, the underappreciated contributors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abel Lucy

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Contributing reviewers We and the Editorial Board acknowledge and thank all reviewers for their active participation and contribution during 2012. We greatly appreciate their dedication and behind the scenes contribution. It is largely due to their support and expertise that we have been able to publish high-standard manuscripts. We would also like to thank authors for choosing Nutrition & Metabolism and contributing their cherished work.

  4. AIP-Primeca RAO Remote Laboratories in Automation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Coquard

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available During last decade, Internet and related webtechnology development enabled the arising of e-learningservices and made distant learning a reality. As traditionalface to face classroom became virtual classroom throughInternet, traditional laboratories found their image inElectronic Laboratories (ELABs. These ones enablelearners to train themselves on remote real or virtualsystems. They represent essential components in e-learningenvironments, especially in scientific and technicaldisciplines.In this context, AIP-Primeca RAO is a pool of resources andcompetencies about industrial topics for many universitiesin Rhône-Alpes french Region. Due to the constraintsinherent in using heavy and shared industrial resources,AIP is setting up new laboratories related to automation asboth local and distant resources. After recalling the globalcontext of e-laboratories, this paper describes this platform.It evokes first returns of use and it details evolutions tocome.

  5. Acknowledging the results of blood tests

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torkilsheyggi, Arnvør Martinsdottir á; Hertzum, Morten

    At the studied hospital, physicians from the Medical and Surgical Departments work some of their shifts in the Emergency Department (ED). Though icons showing the blood-test process were introduced on electronic whiteboards in the ED, these icons did not lead to increased attention to test...... acknowledgement. Rather, the physicians, trans-ferred work practices from their own departments, which did not have electronic white-boards, to the ED. This finding suggests a challenge to the cross-disciplinary work and norms for how to follow up on blood-test results in the ED....

  6. Stochastic processes and functional analysis a volume of recent advances in honor of M. M. Rao

    CERN Document Server

    Krinik, Alan C

    2004-01-01

    This extraordinary compilation is an expansion of the recent American Mathematical Society Special Session celebrating M. M. Rao's distinguished career and includes most of the presented papers as well as ancillary contributions from session invitees. This book shows the effectiveness of abstract analysis for solving fundamental problems of stochastic theory, specifically the use of functional analytic methods for elucidating stochastic processes, as made manifest in M. M. Rao's prolific research achievements. Featuring a biography of M. M. Rao, a complete bibliography of his published works,

  7. Examining the Psychological Effect of Rape Acknowledgment: The Interaction of Acknowledgment Status and Ambivalent Sexism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Laura C; Miller, Katherine E; Leheney, Emma K; Ballman, Alesha D; Scarpa, Angela

    2017-07-01

    Although the majority of rape survivors do not label their experiences as rape (i.e., unacknowledged rape), the literature is mixed in terms of how this affects survivors' psychological functioning. To elucidate the discrepancies, the present study examined the interaction between rape acknowledgement and ambivalent sexism in relation to depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The analyzed sample included 128 female rape survivors who were drawn from a larger college sample of 1,595 participants. The participants completed measures of sexual assault experiences, ambivalent sexism, and depression and PTSD symptoms. The results supported a significant interaction between acknowledgement status and benevolent sexism in relation to both depression and PTSD symptoms. Conversely, the present study failed to find support for an interaction between acknowledgment status and hostile sexism. The clinical implications suggest that rather than seeing acknowledging rape as essential to the recovery process, clinicians should assess for and take into account other factors that may contribute to psychological functioning. Additionally, the findings support that more complex models of trauma recovery should be investigated with the goal of working toward a more comprehensive understanding of the longitudinal process of rape acknowledgment. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Acknowledging Disproportionate Outcomes and Changing Service Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRoy, Ruth G.

    2008-01-01

    Child welfare is not the only system in which disparities have been identified in U.S. foster care. According to the recent Children's Defense Fund's report "America's Cradle to Prison Pipeline," racial and economic disparities exist in many systems including child welfare, health care, mental health, education, and juvenile and criminal justice.…

  9. Calculation of P,T-odd interaction effect in ^{225}RaO

    CERN Document Server

    Kudashov, A D; Skripnikov, L V; Mosyagin, N S; Titov, A V

    2012-01-01

    The 10-electron generalized relativistic effective core potential and the corresponding correlation spin-orbital basis sets are generated for the Ra atom and the relativistic coupled cluster calculations for the RaO molecule are performed. The main goal of the study is to evaluate the P,T-odd parameter X characterized by the molecular electronic structure and corresponding to a "volume effect" in the interaction of the ^{225}Ra nucleus Schiff moment with electronic shells of RaO. Our final result for X(^{225}RaO) is -7532 which is surprisingly close to that in ^{205}TlF but has different sign. The obtained results are discussed and the quality of the calculations is analyzed. The value is of interest for a proposed experiment on RaO [PRA 77, 024501 (2008)] due to a very large expected Schiff moment of the ^{225}Ra nucleus.

  10. Coarrays, MUSIC, and the Cramér-Rao Bound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mianzhi; Nehorai, Arye

    2017-02-01

    Sparse linear arrays, such as co-prime arrays and nested arrays, have the attractive capability of providing enhanced degrees of freedom. By exploiting the coarray structure, an augmented sample covariance matrix can be constructed and MUSIC (MUtiple SIgnal Classification) can be applied to identify more sources than the number of sensors. While such a MUSIC algorithm works quite well, its performance has not been theoretically analyzed. In this paper, we derive a simplified asymptotic mean square error (MSE) expression for the MUSIC algorithm applied to the coarray model, which is applicable even if the source number exceeds the sensor number. We show that the directly augmented sample covariance matrix and the spatial smoothed sample covariance matrix yield the same asymptotic MSE for MUSIC. We also show that when there are more sources than the number of sensors, the MSE converges to a positive value instead of zero when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) goes to infinity. This finding explains the "saturation" behavior of the coarray-based MUSIC algorithms in the high SNR region observed in previous studies. Finally, we derive the Cram\\'er-Rao bound (CRB) for sparse linear arrays, and conduct a numerical study of the statistical efficiency of the coarray-based estimator. Experimental results verify theoretical derivations and reveal the complex efficiency pattern of coarray-based MUSIC algorithms.

  11. Empirical likelihood inference for the Rao-Hartley-Cochran sampling design

    OpenAIRE

    Berger, Yves G.

    2016-01-01

    The Hartley-Rao-Cochran sampling design is an unequal probability sampling design which can be used to select samples from finite populations. We propose to adjust the empirical likelihood approach for the Hartley-Rao-Cochran sampling design. The approach proposed intrinsically incorporates sampling weights, auxiliary information and allows for large sampling fractions. It can be used to construct confidence intervals. In a simulation study, we show that the coverage may be better for the emp...

  12. Empirical Likelihood Confidence Intervals under the Rao-Hartley-Cochran Sampling Design

    OpenAIRE

    Berger, Yves G.

    2014-01-01

    The Hartley-Rao-Cochran (RHC) sampling design (Rao et al., 1962) is a popular unequal probability sampling design. We show how empirical likelihood confidence intervals can be derived under this sampling design. Berger and De La Riva Torres (2012) proposed an empirical likelihood approach which can be used for point estimation and to construct confidence intervals under complex sampling designs. We show how this approach can be adjusted for the RHC sampling design. The proposed approach intri...

  13. A unification of Cramer-Rao type bounds. [in signal parameter estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rife, D. C.; Goldstein, M.; Boorstyn, R. R.

    1975-01-01

    This correspondence examines multiparameter generalizations of the Cramer-Rao (C-R) bound and related bounds from a new viewpoint. We derive a general class of bounds and show that Rao's generalization is the tightest (best) of the class. A bound reported by Zacks is another member of the class. This derivation of the C-R bound emphasizes its optimum nature. The relationship of the general class to Barankin bounds is also discussed.

  14. Rao-Blackwellization for Adaptive Gaussian Sum Nonlinear Model Propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semper, Sean R.; Crassidis, John L.; George, Jemin; Mukherjee, Siddharth; Singla, Puneet

    2015-01-01

    each component weight during the nonlinear propagation stage an approximation of the true pdf can be successfully reconstructed. Particle filtering (PF) methods have gained popularity recently for solving nonlinear estimation problems due to their straightforward approach and the processing capabilities mentioned above. The basic concept behind PF is to represent any pdf as a set of random samples. As the number of samples increases, they will theoretically converge to the exact, equivalent representation of the desired pdf. When the estimated qth moment is needed, the samples are used for its construction allowing further analysis of the pdf characteristics. However, filter performance deteriorates as the dimension of the state vector increases. To overcome this problem Ref. [5] applies a marginalization technique for PF methods, decreasing complexity of the system to one linear and another nonlinear state estimation problem. The marginalization theory was originally developed by Rao and Blackwell independently. According to Ref. [6] it improves any given estimator under every convex loss function. The improvement comes from calculating a conditional expected value, often involving integrating out a supportive statistic. In other words, Rao-Blackwellization allows for smaller but separate computations to be carried out while reaching the main objective of the estimator. In the case of improving an estimator's variance, any supporting statistic can be removed and its variance determined. Next, any other information that dependents on the supporting statistic is found along with its respective variance. A new approach is developed here by utilizing the strengths of the adaptive Gaussian sum propagation in Ref. [2] and a marginalization approach used for PF methods found in Ref. [7]. In the following sections a modified filtering approach is presented based on a special state-space model within nonlinear systems to reduce the dimensionality of the optimization problem in

  15. Cramér-Rao bounds for metasurfaces susceptibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepetit, Thomas; Kodigala, Ashok; Kante, Boubacar

    2015-09-01

    Over the past fifteen years, a lot of efforts have been focused on understanding the effective properties of metamaterials [1]. In the last few years, metasurfaces in particular have been widely investigated [2]. Several homogenization methods dedicated to them have been proposed but, due to the topic's complexity, none have yet to be widely accepted. We considered a specific homogenization method dedicated to metasurfaces, namely Generalized Sheet Transition Conditions (GSTC, [3]). This method was chosen because it is compatible with retrieval from reflection and transmission coefficients. In this method, metasurfaces are characterized by electric and magnetic susceptibilities. In the literature, retrieved effective parameters have been shown to violate causality around resonances and this has been attributed to spatial dispersion [4]. In order to determine if spatial dispersion is the only source of this phenomenon, we have investigated the statistical properties of estimators that have been put forward for these susceptibilities. We have thus computed the Cramér-Rao lower bounds on the variance of these estimators. We have shown that this bound increases substantially around resonances making retrieval possible only for very high Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR, [5]). Therefore, in experiments, issues arising from spatial dispersion and noise compound and result in non-physical effective parameters. To mitigate this, we have proposed a least-squares estimator for susceptibilities that has a better performance with respect to noise. Sensitivity to noise is particularly acute for low-loss metasurfaces. It often results in required SNRs that are unachievable in practice. The present work is thus relevant to the development of loss-compensated metasurfaces for which the issues posed by retrieval will have to be closely considered for accurate and robust device characterization.

  16. Quantitative cine-left ventriculography - Superiority of 45 .deg. RAO view to straight AB view -

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Tae Hwan; Han, Man Chung [Seoul Natinal University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1981-12-15

    The volumetry by cineangiocardiography is known to have the most diagnostic and prognostic value in the evaluation of various valvular heart diseases and ischemic heart diseases. Although many authors favor the area-length method for the volumetry of left ventricle, 45 .deg. RAO projection seems to be more simple, inexpensive and accurate technique, considering the positional relationship of cardiac valves and obliquity of the long axis of left ventricle within the chest cage. Authors present the anatomical, geometrical and radiological basis for the superiority of 45 .deg. RAO protection by analyzing 20 normal heart specimen and 115 cineangiocardiograms of valvular heart diseases, and the results as follows: 1. Blood flow and motility of the mitral and aortic valves can be more clearly demonstrated by 45 .deg. RAO projection than by AP view. 2. The long diameter of left ventricular silhouette made 45 .deg. RAO projection reflects 90% or more of real diameter. 3. In RAO 45 .deg. position, patient's left nipple is optimal and convenient level for the ruler offering accurate magnification coefficient of left ventricle. 4. Ejection fraction after the extrasystole is exaggerated regardless of the left ventricular function, so it is desirable to exclude the 2 or 3 beats after extrasystole.

  17. Power engineering and environment protection. The environmental policy of OAO RAO EES Rossii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozhukhovskii, I. S.; Novoselova, O. A.

    2007-06-01

    The main problems pertinent to the shaping and implementation of the environmental policy of OAO RAO EES Rossii are considered. A brief review is given of the situation with environment protection in the power industry of Russia taking into account the results from analyzing the main world trends. The main objectives and tasks that had to be achieved through conducting the Holding’s environmental policy in 2006 are described, and the most important lines of activities within the framework of the Program for Implementing the Environmental Policy of RAO are briefly reviewed.

  18. Computing the Feng-Rao distances for codes from order domains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruano Benito, Diego

    2007-01-01

    We compute the Feng–Rao distance of a code coming from an order domain with a simplicial value semigroup. The main tool is the Apéry set of a semigroup that can be computed using a Gröbner basis.......We compute the Feng–Rao distance of a code coming from an order domain with a simplicial value semigroup. The main tool is the Apéry set of a semigroup that can be computed using a Gröbner basis....

  19. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the French version of the Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duval, Aurelie; Maillefert, Jean Francis; Gossec, Laure

    2010-01-01

    The Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS) was recently developed to evaluate functional disability and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients suffering from lower limb symptoms. The aims of this study were to cross-culturally adapt the RAOS into French and to assess its...

  20. Fast Erasure-and error decoding of algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, Shojiro

    1998-01-01

    This correspondence gives an errata (that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic-geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-Massey algorithm and the voting procedure of Feng and Rao....

  1. RSCABS: An R package for performing the Rao-Scott Adjusted Cochran-Armitage trend test By Slices

    Science.gov (United States)

    RSCABS[3] (Rao-Scott adjusted Cochran-Armitage trend test By Slices) is a modification to the Rao-Scott[5] adjusted Cochran-Armitage trend test[1, 2] that allows for testing at each individual severity score often seen in histopathological data. The test was originally developed ...

  2. Social Acknowledgments for Children with Disabilities: Effects of Service Dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mader, Bonnie; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Examined the effect of service dogs on the social acknowledgment of 5 disabled children of 10-17 years in shopping malls and school playgrounds. Social acknowledgments were more frequent when a service dog was present and more pronounced in shopping malls. (RJC)

  3. Study of a Variable Star Discovered with the 0.5-M F/1 Baker-nunn Patrol Camera of the RAO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenhardt, Tyler; Williams, M.; Milone, E.; Langill, P.

    2006-06-01

    At the Rothney Astrophysical Observatory (RAO) of the University of Calgary, the Baker-Nunn Patrol Camera (BNPC) has discovered dozens of variable stars. Follow-up observations on RAOVS001-000107, a close binary system, were carried out using the 0.4-m telescope at the RAO. Whereas the BNPC is limited to a single passband ( RJ) the 0.4-m telescope provides observations in UBVRI passbands, fills in gaps in the BNPC light curve, and provides higher-resolution images. The measured light curve will be analyzed with a version of the Wilson-Devinney program (WD2006) developed by J. Kallrath and EM to attempt to determine as many of this stellar systems' fundamental properties. RAOVS001-000107 was discovered by MW, who developed the pipeline process to carry out image processing, identify variables, and produce preliminary light curves. The field of the camera is 19 square degrees.The BNPC was developed under a provincial research infrastructure improvement grant from the Alberta Science Research Authority to EM and A. Hildebrand, with major contributions from several partners and other agencies. The FLI CCD has been available by special arrangement with Peter Brown, UWO. This work has been funded in part with Canadian NSERC grants to EM and a federal SCPP grant, for which TL is appreciative.

  4. Wideband DOA Estimation via Sparse Bayesian Learning over a Khatri-Rao Dictionary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yujian Pan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the wideband direction-of-arrival (DOA estimation by exploiting the multiple measurement vectors (MMV based sparse Bayesian learning (SBL framework. First, the array covariance matrices at different frequency bins are focused to the reference frequency by the conventional focusing technique and then transformed into the vector form. Then a matrix called the Khatri-Rao dictionary is constructed by using the Khatri-Rao product and the multiple focused array covariance vectors are set as the new observations. DOA estimation is to find the sparsest representations of the new observations over the Khatri-Rao dictionary via SBL. The performance of the proposed method is compared with other well-known focusing based wideband algorithms and the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB. The results show that it achieves higher resolution and accuracy and can reach the CRLB under relative demanding conditions. Moreover, the method imposes no restriction on the pattern of signal power spectral density and due to the increased number of rows of the dictionary, it can resolve more sources than sensors.

  5. 21 A Srinivasa Rao1, V Sarath2, B Mrudhula3 1Corresponding ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IMTU Medical Journal Volume 6- July, 2015. 21. A Srinivasa Rao1, V Sarath2, B Mrudhula3. 1Corresponding Author, , Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Katuri Medical College &. Hospital, Guntur 522 019, Andhra Pradesh, India,. Phone: 9490115156, e mail drsriortho@yahoo. co.in. 2Associate Professor, Department ...

  6. Age-Specific Citation Rates and the Egghe-Rao Function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burrell, Quentin L.

    2003-01-01

    Extends connections between retrospective citation age studies and reliability theory by considering the failure rate function from reliability, re-interpreted as the age-specific citation rate (ASCR). This is linked to earlier studies of retrospective citation distributions by Egghe and Ravichandra Rao who introduced a function claimed to…

  7. Cramér–Rao bounds for three‐point decomposition of water and fat

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pineda, Angel R; Reeder, Scott B; Wen, Zhifei; Pelc, Norbert J

    2005-01-01

    .... This generalization leads to a nonlinear estimation problem. The Crámer–Rao bound (CRB) was used to study the variance of the estimates of the magnitude, phase, and field map by computing the maximum effective number of signals averaged (NSA...

  8. Prof. C. N. R. Rao | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    _1991). Name: RAO, Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Elected 1965; Council Service: 1971-94; President: 1989-91; Vice-President: 1974-76, 1983-85; Secretary: 1977-82; Editor of Publi-cations 1983-88. Hon. Prof., IISC and Linus Pauling ...

  9. Expression of surface platelet receptors (CD62P and CD41/61) in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwaszko-Simonik, Alicja; Niedzwiedz, Artur; Graczyk, Stanislaw; Slowikowska, Malwina; Pliszczak-Krol, Aleksandra

    2015-03-15

    Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is an allergic disease of horses similar to human asthma, which is characterized by airway inflammation and activation of neutrophils, lymphocytes and platelets. Platelet activation and an increase in circulating platelet-leukocyte aggregates may lead to airway remodeling. The aim of this study was to investigate platelet status in RAO-affected horses based on the platelet morphology and platelet surface expression of CD41/61 and CD62P. Ten RAO-affected horses and ten healthy horses were included in this study. Blood samples were obtained to determine the platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet large cell ratio (P-LCR). Expression of CD62P and CD41/61 was detected by flow cytometry on activated platelets. The median PLT was significantly reduced in horses with RAO compared to the controls. The MPV and the P-LCR values were significantly higher in RAO horses than controls. Expression of CD41/61 on platelets was increased in RAO horses, while CD62P expression was reduced. This study demonstrated the morphological changes in platelets and expression of platelet surface receptors. Despite the decrease of CD62P expression, the observed increased surface expression of CD41/61 on platelets in horses with RAO may contribute to the formation of platelet aggregates in their respiratory system. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Paternity acknowledgment in 2 million birth records from Michigan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Almond

    Full Text Available Out-of-wedlock childbearing is more common in the U.S. than in other countries and becoming more so. A growing share of such non-marital births identify the father, which can create a legal entitlement to child support. Relatively little is known about individual determinants of the decision to establish paternity, in part because of data limitations. In this paper, we evaluate all birth records in Michigan from 1993 to 2006, which have been merged to the paternity registry. In 2006, 30,231 Michigan children, almost one quarter of all Michigan births, were born to unmarried mothers and had paternity acknowledged. We find that births with paternity acknowledged have worse outcomes along various health and socio-economic dimensions relative to births to married parents, but better outcomes relative to births to unmarried parents without paternity acknowledgement. Furthermore, unmarried men who father sons are significantly more likely to acknowledge paternity than fathers of daughters.

  11. Precipitation Estimation: from the RAO to EURAINSAT and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levizzani, V.; Adamo, C.; Alberoni, P. P.; Antonini, A.; Battaglia, A.; Baptista, Poiares; Bauer, P.; Buzzi, A.; Capacci, D.; Caracciolo, C.; Cattani, E.; Celano, M.; Cimini, D.; Costa, M. J.; Davolio, S.; Dietrich, S.; Fantini, M.; di Michele, S.; Guiliani, G.; Hinsman, D. E.; Kästner, M.; Khain, A.; Kidd, C.; Kidd, J.; Kniveton, D.; Lahav, R.; Layberry, R.; Lensky, I.; Malguzzi, P.; Mantovani, S.; Marzano, F. S.; Maurizi, A.; Medaglia, C.M.; Melani, S.; Meneguzzo, F.; Messeri, G.; Mugnai, A.; Matali, S.; Orlandi, A.; Ortolani, A.; Panegrossi, G.; Pasqui, M.; Pinori, S.; Poli, V.; Porcù, F.; Prodi, F.; Purdom, J. F. W.; Rosenfeld, D.; Sanderson, V.; Schmetz, J.; Smith, E. A.; Solomon, R.; Steinwagner, J.; Tampieri, F.; Tapiador, F. J.; Tassa, A.; Torricella, F.; Tripoli, G. J.; Turk, F. J.; Vicente, G. A.; Villani, M. G.

    2004-11-01

    ABSTRACT The key objective of the project "Use of the MSG SEVIRI channels in a combined SSM/I, TRMM and geostationary IR method for rapid updates of rainfall" is the development of algorithms for rapid-update of satellite rainfall estimations at the geostationary (GEO) scale. The new channels available with the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) radiometer in the visible (VIS), near infrared (NIR) and infrared (IR) portions of the spectrum provide new insights into the microphysical and dynamic structure of precipitating clouds thus allowing for a more precise identification of precipitation intensities. Passive microwave (PMW) radiometers on board low Earth orbiting (LEO) satellites are used to determine information on the vertical cloud structure. Key features of the new method(s) are: 1.Microphysical characterization of precipitating clouds with VIS/IR sensors; 2.Creation of cloud microphysical and radiative databases from cloud model outputs and aircraft penetrations; 3.Tuning of PMW algorithms for different cloud systems (maritime, continental, convective, stratiform,...); 4.Combination of data from different algorithms and application to a rapid update cycle at the GEO scale. The project provided the background for EURAINSAT "European Satellite Rainfall Estimation and Monitoring at the Geostationary Scale", a research project co-funded by the Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development Programme of the European Commission within the topic "Development of generic Earth observation technologies". The project web site is accessible at http://www.isac.cnr.it/~eurainsat/. Moreover, it has represented the European framework for the launch of the International Precipitation Working Group (IPWG). A brief account of the major research and organizational results will be given in the following.

  12. Cramer-Rao bounds for signal-to-noise ratio and combiner weight estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolinar, S. J.

    1986-01-01

    Cramer-Rao lower bounds on estimator variance are calculated for arbitrary unbiased estimates of signal-to-noise ratio and combiner weight parameters. Estimates are assumed to be based on a discrete set of observables obtained by matched filtering of a biphase modulated signal. The bounds are developed first for a problem model based on one observable per channel symbol period, and then extended to a more general problem in which subperiod observables are also available.

  13. Nanoparticulate CpG immunotherapy in RAO-affected horses: phase I and IIa study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klier, J; Lehmann, B; Fuchs, S; Reese, S; Hirschmann, A; Coester, C; Winter, G; Gehlen, H

    2015-01-01

    Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), an asthma-like disease, is 1 of the most common allergic diseases in horses in the northern hemisphere. Hypersensitivity reactions to environmental antigens cause an allergic inflammatory response in the equine airways. Cytosine-phosphate-guanosine-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) are known to direct the immune system toward a Th1-pathway, and away from the pro-allergic Th2-line (Th2/Th1-shift). Gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) are biocompatible and biodegradable immunological inert drug delivery systems that protect CpG-ODN against nuclease degeneration. Preliminary studies on the inhalation of GNP-bound CpG-ODN in RAO-affected horses have shown promising results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and immunological effects of GNP-bound CpG-ODN in a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, prospective, randomized clinical trial and to verify a sustained effect post-treatment. Twenty-four RAO-affected horses received 1 inhalation every 2 days for 5 consecutive administrations. Horses were examined for clinical, endoscopic, cytological, and blood biochemical variables before the inhalation regimen (I), immediately afterwards (II), and 4 weeks post-treatment (III). At time points I and II, administration of treatment rather than placebo corresponded to a statistically significant decrease in respiratory effort, nasal discharge, tracheal secretion, and viscosity, AaDO2 and neutrophil percentage, and an increase in arterial oxygen pressure. Administration of a GNP-bound CpG-ODN formulation caused a potent and persistent effect on allergic and inflammatory-induced clinical variables in RAO-affected horses. This treatment, therefore, provides an innovative, promising, and well-tolerated strategy beyond conventional symptomatic long-term therapy and could serve as a model for asthma treatment in humans. Copyright © 2015 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

  14. A shape distance based on the Fisher-Rao metric and its application for shapes clustering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gattone, Stefano Antonio; De Sanctis, Angela; Russo, Tommaso; Pulcini, Domitilla

    2017-12-01

    In the clustering of shapes, which is a longstanding challenge in the framework of geometric morphometrics and shape analysis, is crucial the selection and application of a suitable and appropriate measurement of distance among observations (i.e. individuals). The aim of this study is to model shapes from complex systems using Information Geometry tools. It is well-known that the Fisher information endows the statistical manifold, defined by a family of probability distributions, with a Riemannian metric, called the Fisher-Rao metric. With respect to this, geodesic paths are determined, minimizing information in Fisher sense. The geodesic distance induced by the Fisher-Rao metric can be used to define a shape metric which enables us to quantify differences between shapes. The discriminative power of the proposed Fisher-Rao distance is tested in the context of shapes clustering on both simulated and real data sets. Results show a better ability in recovering the true cluster structure with respect to the standard Kendall's shape metric.

  15. The praxis of acknowledgement: from bibliometrics to influmetrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cronin, B.

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The practice of acknowledgement in scholarly communication is widespread and growing. Acknowledgements define a variety of cognitive and social relationships between researchers within and across disciplines, and could thus be used to map networks of influence. We explore the relationship between authorship, acknowledgement and citation -the «Reward Triangle»- in the context of the academic audit process. We also consider the case for using acknowledgement data conjointly with established bibliometric indicators, such as citations, in performance assessment.

    El uso del agradecimiento está muy extendido en la comunicación académica y tiende a aumentar. El agradecimiento sirve para definir una serie de relaciones sociales y de conocimiento entre investigadores de una disciplina, así como vinculación con otras áreas del saber y, por eso, puede utilizarse para hacer un diseño de redes de influencia. En este artículo se explora la relación entre autores, agradecimientos y citas -el «triángulo del reconocimiento»- en el contexto de la evaluación académica. Los autores también consideran la posible utilización de datos procedentes del agradecimiento conjuntamente con otros indicadores bibliométricos, tales como las citas, en las evaluaciones.

  16. Capturing Qualitative Data: Northwestern University Special Libraries' Acknowledgments Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stigberg, Sara; Guittar, Michelle; Morse, Geoffrey

    2015-01-01

    Assessment and supporting data have become of increasing interest in librarianship. In this paper, we describe the development and implementation of the Northwestern University Library Acknowledgments Database tool, which gathers and documents qualitative data, as well as its component reporting function. This collaborative project and resulting…

  17. Dissertation Acknowledgments: The Anatomy of a Cinderella Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Ken

    2003-01-01

    Although sometimes considered to be only marginally related to the key academic goals of establishing claims and reputations, acknowledgments are commonplace in scholarly communication and virtually obligatory in dissertation writing. The significance of this disregarded "Cinderella" genre lies partly in the opportunities it offers students to…

  18. 'We cannot reconcile until the past has been acknowledged ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Drawing from fieldwork undertaken in Matabeleland in April 2014, this article describes what the community identifies as central requirements for reconciliation to occur, as against what is provided by the national framework for reconciliation implemented by the government. Keywords: Gukurahundi, Acknowledgement ...

  19. Listener Responses According to Stuttering Self-Acknowledgment and Modification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kyungjae; Manning, Walter H.

    2010-01-01

    Given the well-documented understanding that stuttering behavior elicits stereotypically negative responses from listeners, two experiments explored the equivocal results of earlier investigations concerning the potential for self-acknowledgment and modification of stuttering to elicit positive responses from naive (unfamiliar with stuttering)…

  20. Canadian University Acknowledgment of Indigenous Lands, Treaties, and Peoples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkes, Rima; Duong, Aaron; Kesler, Linc; Ramos, Howard

    2017-02-01

    At many Canadian universities it is now common to publicly acknowledge Indigenous lands, treaties, and peoples. Yet, this practice has yet to be considered as a subject of scholarly inquiry. How does this practice vary and why? In this paper we describe the content and practice of acknowledgment, linking this content to treaty relationships (or lack thereof). We show that acknowledgment tends to be one of five general types: of land and title (British Columbia), of specific treaties and political relationships (Prairies), of multiculturalism and heterogeneity (Ontario), of no practice (most of Quebec), and of people, territory, and openness to doing more (Atlantic). Based on these results, we conclude that the fluidity of acknowledgment as a practice, including changing meanings depending on the positionality of the acknowledger, need to be taken into account. Plusieurs universités Canadien pratique une reconnaissance des territoires, des traités, et des peoples autochtone en publique. Cette pratique, cependant, n'a jamais été considérée comme une enquête savante. Dans ce projet nous regardons comment les reconnaissances varie par institution et pourquoi. Nous trouvons qu'il y a un lien entre le contenu des reconnaissances et les relations traité. On démontre cinq forme des reconnaissances: territoire et titre (Colombie britannique); traité spécifique and les relations politiques (Prairies); multiculturalisme et hétérogénéité (Ontario); l'absence (la majorité du Québec); et des peoples, territoire et volonté a plus faire (Atlantique). Nous concluons que la fluidité de la reconnaissance, comme pratique, est fluide et doit prendre en considération la position de la personne qui le fait. © 2017 Canadian Sociological Association/La Société canadienne de sociologie.

  1. Fisher Information and the Quantum Cramér-Rao Sensitivity Limit of Continuous Measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelmark, Søren; Mølmer, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    Precision measurements with quantum systems rely on our ability to trace the differences between experimental signals to variations in unknown physical parameters. In this Letter we derive the Fisher information and the ensuing Cramér-Rao sensitivity limit for parameter estimation by continuous...... measurements on an open quantum system. We illustrate our theory by its application to resonance fluorescence from a laser-driven two-state atom; we show that photon counting and homodyne detection records yield different sensitivity to the atomic parameters, while none of them exceed our general result....

  2. Cramer-Rao Bound for Gaussian Random Processes and Applications to Radar Processing of Atmospheric Signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frehlich, Rod

    1993-01-01

    Calculations of the exact Cramer-Rao Bound (CRB) for unbiased estimates of the mean frequency, signal power, and spectral width of Doppler radar/lidar signals (a Gaussian random process) are presented. Approximate CRB's are derived using the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). These approximate results are equal to the exact CRB when the DFT coefficients are mutually uncorrelated. Previous high SNR limits for CRB's are shown to be inaccurate because the discrete summations cannot be approximated with integration. The performance of an approximate maximum likelihood estimator for mean frequency approaches the exact CRB for moderate signal to noise ratio and moderate spectral width.

  3. Neutrophil and macrophage apoptosis in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from healthy horses and horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Dysregulation of apoptosis has been implicated in a range of diseases including tumors, neurodegenerative and autoimmine diseases, as well as allergic asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in humans. Although it has a different pathophysiology, delayed apoptosis of various inflammatory cells may play a pivotal role in the development of recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) in horses. Reduction of inflammatory cell apoptosis or a dysregulation of this process could lead to chronic inflammation and tissue injury. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the rate of apoptosis and necrosis of neutrophils and macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from seven horses suffering from RAO (study group) and seven control horses. Results We demonstrated that neutrophil/macrophage apoptosis is altered in RAO-affected horses compared with the control group in the BAL fluid. We found a significant difference between the median percentage of early and late apoptosis of neutrophils between the study and control group of horses. Moreover, we found a positive correlation between the rate of apoptosis and the median percentage of macrophages in RAO-affected horses. Conclusion The findings suggest that apoptosis dysregulation may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of RAO. However, further studies are needed to clarify the role of altered apoptosis in the course of equine recurrent airway obstruction. PMID:24460911

  4. All that glitters isn't gold: a survey on acknowledgment of limitations in biomedical studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Riet, Gerben; Chesley, Paula; Gross, Alan G.; Siebeling, Lara; Muggensturm, Patrick; Heller, Nadine; Umbehr, Martin; Vollenweider, Daniela; Yu, Tsung; Akl, Elie A.; Brewster, Lizzy; Dekkers, Olaf M.; Mühlhauser, Ingrid; Richter, Bernd; Singh, Sonal; Goodman, Steven; Puhan, Milo A.

    2013-01-01

    Acknowledgment of all serious limitations to research evidence is important for patient care and scientific progress. Formal research on how biomedical authors acknowledge limitations is scarce. To assess the extent to which limitations are acknowledged in biomedical publications explicitly, and

  5. Welcome to Country: Acknowledgement, Belonging and White Anti-racism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Kowal

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Welcome to Country (WTC ceremony and its twin, the Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners, have become prominent anti-racist rituals in the post-settler society of Australia. These rituals are rich in meaning. They are simultaneously emblems of colonisation and dispossession; of recognition and reconciliation; and a periodic focus of political posturing. This article analyses the multiple meanings of WTC ceremonies. In particular, I explore the politics of belonging elicited by WTC and Acknowledgement rituals. Drawing on ethnography of non-Indigenous people who work in Indigenous affairs, I argue that widespread enjoyment of these rituals among White anti-racists is explained because they paradoxically experience belonging through a sense of not belonging.

  6. The death of an animal should be acknowledged.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-22

    How should nurses help clients deal with grief following the loss of an animal? Grief following the death of a pet can be significant, but such reactions can be viewed as abnormal by family, friends and professionals. Mental health training team leader Bronwen Williams and veterinary surgeon Rebecca Green, writing in Mental Health Practice, say that a lack of understanding can compound grief. Simply acknowledging the significance of the loss is key.

  7. Beyond the medical record: other modes of error acknowledgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, Marilynn M; Cornett, Patricia L; Sutcliffe, Kathleen M; Lewton, Elizabeth

    2005-05-01

    Studies before and since the 1999 Institute of Medicine report have noted the limitations of using medical record reporting for reliably quantifying and understanding medical error. Quantitative macro analyses of large datasets should be supplemented by small-scale qualitative studies to provide insight into micro-level daily events in clinical and hospital practice that contribute to errors and adverse events and how they are reported. The study design involved semistructured face-to-face interviews with residents about the medical errors in which they recently had been involved and included questions regarding how those errors were acknowledged. This paper reports the ways in which medical error is or is not reported and residents' responses to a perceived medical error. Twenty-six residents were randomly sampled from a total population of 85 residents working in a 600-bed teaching hospital. Outcome measures were based on analysis of cases residents described. Using Ethnograph and traditional methods of content analysis, cases were categorized as Documented, Discussed, and Uncertain. Of 73 cases, 30 (41.1%) were formally acknowledged and Documented in the medical record; 24 (32.9%) were addressed through Discussions but not documented; 19 cases (26%) cases were classified as Uncertain. Twelve cases involved medication errors, which were acknowledged in different categories. The supervisory discussion, the informal discussion, and near-miss contain important information for improving clinical care. Our study also shows the need to improve residents' education to prepare them to recognize and address medical errors.

  8. Page 1 186 - S. DUIT AND K. HANUMANTHA RAo Key to the three ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The characters of the three genera are compared. The syste- matic position of Cephalopsetta is between the other two genera in the antero- dorsal profile of the head and shape of urohyal. A key to the three genera. 1s glVen. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. The authors take great pleasure in acknowledging their gratitude to. Prof.

  9. Chronic Toxicity Of High Molecular Weight Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon- Pyrene On Freshwater Cyanobacterium Anabaena Fertlissima Rao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jignasha G Patel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to determine the consequences of Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon – Pyrene in response to growth, pigments and metabolic study on Anabaena fertilissima Rao. Test organisms were treated at different doses and encountered LC50 (Lethal concentration at which 50% growth reduction occur concentration separately at 1.5 mg/l, 3.0 mg/l and 6.0 mg/l respectively for Anabaena fertilissima Rao. The influence of Pyrene on growth, pigments, release of metabolites such as carbohydrates, protein, amino acid, phenols was carried out. The test doses caused a concentration dependent decrease in pigments like carotenoids and phycobilliproteins and showed more sensitivity to pyrene. Depletion of carbohydrate by 13% to 81% and proteins by 47% to 93% was encountered with rise in pyrene concentrations after 16th day of exposure. However, phenols were found to rise by 27% to 50% with increased pyrene concentrations on the contrary, amino acids were reported to decline by 79% to 92%. This study therefore suggests high molecular weight pyrene that decreases in metabolite content and enzyme activity can be used as a signal of PAHs toxicity in cyanobacteria. International Journal of Environment, Volume-2, Issue-1, Sep-Nov 2013, Pages 175-183 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ije.v2i1.9220

  10. Particle rejuvenation of Rao-Blackwellized sequential Monte Carlo smoothers for conditionally linear and Gaussian models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Ngoc Minh; Corff, Sylvain Le; Moulines, Éric

    2017-12-01

    This paper focuses on sequential Monte Carlo approximations of smoothing distributions in conditionally linear and Gaussian state spaces. To reduce Monte Carlo variance of smoothers, it is typical in these models to use Rao-Blackwellization: particle approximation is used to sample sequences of hidden regimes while the Gaussian states are explicitly integrated conditional on the sequence of regimes and observations, using variants of the Kalman filter/smoother. The first successful attempt to use Rao-Blackwellization for smoothing extends the Bryson-Frazier smoother for Gaussian linear state space models using the generalized two-filter formula together with Kalman filters/smoothers. More recently, a forward-backward decomposition of smoothing distributions mimicking the Rauch-Tung-Striebel smoother for the regimes combined with backward Kalman updates has been introduced. This paper investigates the benefit of introducing additional rejuvenation steps in all these algorithms to sample at each time instant new regimes conditional on the forward and backward particles. This defines particle-based approximations of the smoothing distributions whose support is not restricted to the set of particles sampled in the forward or backward filter. These procedures are applied to commodity markets which are described using a two-factor model based on the spot price and a convenience yield for crude oil data.

  11. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    In line with the decisions concerning the new governance of the Pension Fund taken by the Council in June and September 2007, amendments to Section 2 "Structure and Functions" of the Rules of the Fund (Article I 2.08 – Composition of the Investment Committee and Article I 2.08b – Chairman of the Investment Committee) entered into force on 1st January 2009. These articles replace the provisions of the existing Regulations of the Investment Committee of the Pension Fund relating to the composition and chairman of the Investment Committee. Amendment No. 27 (PDF document) may be downloaded directly from the Pension Fund website: http://pensions.web.cern.ch/Pensions/statuts___rules.htm or obtained from the Administration of the Fund (Tel. 022 7672742, mailto:Barbara.Bordjah@cern.ch).

  12. ARGICULTURAL LAND PROTECTION FUND AND FOREST FUND AS ECOLOGICAL FUNDS

    OpenAIRE

    Bartosz Bartniczak

    2009-01-01

    Funds for environmental protection and water management, Agricultural Land Protection Fund and Forest Fund make up the Polish system of special fund in environment protection. The main aim of this article is to analyze the activity of two latest funds. The article tries to answer the question whether that funds could be considered as ecological funds. The author described incomes and outlays of that funds and showed which reform should be done in Polish special funds system.

  13. Funding innovation

    CERN Multimedia

    Marina Giampietro

    2012-01-01

    For the first time, six knowledge and technology transfer activities are set to benefit from a dedicated fund made available by the Knowledge Transfer group. This initiative cements CERN’s commitment to sharing its technological knowledge and expertise with society.   GEM detectors for flame detection and early earthquake prediction, radio-frequency absorbers for energy recovery, and exotic radioisotopes for medical applications are among the projects funded by the recently introduced KT Fund. “CERN’s scientific programme generates a considerable amount of intellectual property, a natural driver for innovation,” explains Giovanni Anelli, Head of the Knowledge Transfer Group. “Very often, though, financial support is needed to bring the newly-born technologies a step further and make them ready for transfer to other research institutes or to companies.” This is where the KT fund comes into play. It provides vital support in the early sta...

  14. Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    In line with the decisions taken by the Council in June and September 2007 concerning the new governance of the Pension Fund, amendments to Section 2 «Structure and Functions» of the Rules of the Fund entered into force on 1st January 2009 (Article I 2.08 – Composition of the Investment Committee and Article I 2.08bis – Chairman of the Investment Committee). Amendment n°27 may be downloaded (PDF document) directly from the Pension Fund website: http://pensions.web.cern.ch/Pensions/statuts___rules.htm or obtained from the Administration of the Fund (Tel. 022 767 2742, mailto:Barbara.Bordjah@cern.ch).

  15. [The birth of acknowledgement: Michel Foucault and Werner Leibbrand].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildenberger, Florian

    2006-01-01

    In 1964, Werner Leibbrand (1896-1974) was the first German medical historian to present, in Sudhoffs Archiv, a review of the work of Michel Foucault (1926-1984). This paper examines some of the reasons leading to the fact that Leibbrand's own generation refused to acknowledge the importance of Foucault's ideas, while, later on, younger German medical historians, although impressed with Foucault's writings, failed to acknowledge, first, the close relationship between Leibbrand's and Foucault's world views, and, second, Leibbrand's attempts at introducing Foucault to German medical historians. Leibbrand with his Jewish wife had survived the Nazi period partly in hiding. His attempts at clearing post-war German psychiatry and medical historiography of NS-sympathizers isolated him among his colleagues, many of whom had begun their career during the Third Reich. Leibbrand enjoyed the support by the Swiss medical historian and avowed Communist Erwin Ackerknecht (1906-1988), but later turned against him, possibly because Acknerknecht had called Leibbrand's writings "unscientific". Leibbrand was unable to overcome his antagonisms with his contemporaries. At the same time, opposition to Ackerknecht made him appear a respresentative of the past in the eyes of the younger generation. Thus, when Foucault was accepted by the latter, they were not prepared to examine the work of Leibbrand and realize how close some of the ideas developed by Leibbrand and Foucault had been.

  16. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Pension Fund Governing Board (PFGB) held two meetings over the summer, the first on 9 June and the second on 1st September. The agendas of the two meetings had several items in common, including progress reports on the work of the four working groups. Group 1, which is responsible for the revision of Chapter I, Section 2 of the Rules of the Fund, has made good progress but will need more time to complete its terms of reference in view of the number and complexity of the articles to be amended. In parallel, the Group has approved a code of conduct for the Pension Fund, which is based, in particular, on the new charter introduced for Swiss pension funds by the Swiss Association of Provident Institutions (ASIP) and the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) code of ethics applicable to members of pension fund bodies. The PFGB took note that the Group had also been working on the rules relating to the status of the personnel of the Fund and the composition of the Investment Committee. The work of Group 2, responsi...

  17. A Cramer Rao analysis on receiver placement in a FM band commensal radar system based on doppler only measurements

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Maasdorp, FDV

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available to derive the theoretical achievable bound for a given receiver configuration and used as a basis to select the optimal receiver placement. Theoretical concepts such as Shannon entropy and Cramer-Rao analysis are explained and used in the selection process...

  18. Comment on a paper of Rao et al., an entry of Ramanujan and a new 3F2(1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milgram, Michael

    2007-04-01

    A hypergeometric transformation formula is developed that simultaneously simplifies and generalizes arguments and identities in a previous paper of Rao et al. [An entry of Ramanujan on hypergeometric series in his notebooks, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 173(2) (2005) 239-246].

  19. The influence of random element displacement on DOA estimates obtained with (Khatri-Rao-)root-MUSIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inghelbrecht, Veronique; Verhaevert, Jo; van Hecke, Tanja; Rogier, Hendrik

    2014-11-11

    Although a wide range of direction of arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms has been described for a diverse range of array configurations, no specific stochastic analysis framework has been established to assess the probability density function of the error on DOA estimates due to random errors in the array geometry. Therefore, we propose a stochastic collocation method that relies on a generalized polynomial chaos expansion to connect the statistical distribution of random position errors to the resulting distribution of the DOA estimates. We apply this technique to the conventional root-MUSIC and the Khatri-Rao-root-MUSIC methods. According to Monte-Carlo simulations, this novel approach yields a speedup by a factor of more than 100 in terms of CPU-time for a one-dimensional case and by a factor of 56 for a two-dimensional case.

  20. The Influence of Random Element Displacement on DOA Estimates Obtained with (Khatri–Rao-)Root-MUSIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inghelbrecht, Veronique; Verhaevert, Jo; van Hecke, Tanja; Rogier, Hendrik

    2014-01-01

    Although a wide range of direction of arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms has been described for a diverse range of array configurations, no specific stochastic analysis framework has been established to assess the probability density function of the error on DOA estimates due to random errors in the array geometry. Therefore, we propose a stochastic collocation method that relies on a generalized polynomial chaos expansion to connect the statistical distribution of random position errors to the resulting distribution of the DOA estimates. We apply this technique to the conventional root-MUSIC and the Khatri-Rao-root-MUSIC methods. According to Monte-Carlo simulations, this novel approach yields a speedup by a factor of more than 100 in terms of CPU-time for a one-dimensional case and by a factor of 56 for a two-dimensional case. PMID:25393783

  1. Cramér-Rao Bound Study of Multiple Scattering Effects in Target Separation Estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin A. Marengo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The information about the distance of separation between two-point targets that is contained in scattering data is explored in the context of the scalar Helmholtz operator via the Fisher information and associated Cramér-Rao bound (CRB relevant to unbiased target separation estimation. The CRB results are obtained for the exact multiple scattering model and, for reference, also for the single scattering or Born approximation model applicable to weak scatterers. The effects of the sensing configuration and the scattering parameters in target separation estimation are analyzed. Conditions under which the targets' separation cannot be estimated are discussed for both models. Conditions for multiple scattering to be useful or detrimental to target separation estimation are discussed and illustrated.

  2. Cramer-Rao Bound for Blind Channel Estimators in Redundant Block Transmission Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Yen-Huan; Yeh, Ping-Cheng

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we derive the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) for blind channel estimation in redundant block transmission systems, a lower bound for the mean squared error of any blind channel estimators. The derived CRB is valid for any full-rank linear redundant precoder, including both zero-padded (ZP) and cyclic-prefixed (CP) precoders. A simple form of CRBs for multiple complex parameters is also derived and presented which facilitates the CRB derivation of the problem of interest. A comparison is made between the derived CRBs and performances of existing subspace-based blind channel estimators for both CP and ZP systems. Numerical results show that there is still some room for performance improvement of blind channel estimators.

  3. Gating Techniques for Rao-Blackwellized Monte Carlo Data Association Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazhao Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the Rao-Blackwellized Monte Carlo data association (RBMCDA filter for multiple target tracking. The elliptical gating strategies are redesigned and incorporated into the framework of the RBMCDA filter. The obvious benefit is the reduction of the time cost because the data association procedure can be carried out with less validated measurements. In addition, the overlapped parts of the neighboring validation regions are divided into several separated subregions according to the possible origins of the validated measurements. In these subregions, the measurement uncertainties can be taken into account more reasonably than those of the simple elliptical gate. This would help to achieve higher tracking ability of the RBMCDA algorithm by a better association prior approximation. Simulation results are provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed gating techniques.

  4. Automatic Detection and Classification of Variability for the RAO Variable Star Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Michael D.; Milone, E. F.

    2006-06-01

    The RAO Variable Star Search (RAOVS) can sample on the order of 30000 stars in a single field. With so many light curves it is important to have an automated process for detecting variability and classifying the detections. To detect periodic variations we use an epoch shifting technique, based on an analysis of variance technique, ANOVA, described by S. R. Davis. This technique allows us to increase the signal to noise for periodic signals and requires no assumption about the shape of the intrinsic light curve. As well as automatically detecting variables we have also developed an automatic classification system. This work has been supported in part by Canadian NSERC grants to E. F. Milone.

  5. Cramer-Rao Bounds for M-PSK Packets with Random Phase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Jeffrey

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we derive new Cramer-Rao bounds (CRBs) for the estimation of phase from a block of random M-PSK (M=8) symbols for the case where the phase to be estimated is a random variable(r.v.). Existing bounds for 2 and 4-PSK which model the phase as non-random are extended to obtain a new 8-PSK CRB. The new bound which models the phase as a r.v. is compared to the new 8-PSK bound which models the phase as non-random. With 8-PSK we see clearly that use of the random phase CRB more accurately models the behavior if the phase, as normally happens, is supposed to be constrained to the interval [-pi/M,pi/M).

  6. From Indianness to Humanness: Raja Rao and the Politics of Truth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Mercanti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – Raja Rao is not merely a metaphysical writer, as many scholars of the first Commonwealth generation depict him, but rather a much more complex one whose literary dimensions transcend the commonplace essentializing ‘Hinduness’ conveyed by many critics over three decades. I offer instead an amplification of Rao’s idea of India by framing his novels in a cross-cultural space which evolves during the course of his entire oeuvre on both philosophical and political levels. This dynamic ambivalence has its foremost predecessor in Mahatma Gandhi’s politico-spiritual legacy, Satyagraha (‘the force of Truth’ which becomes the centripetal and cohesive force of Raja Rao’s fiction.

  7. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The PFGB held two meetings over the summer, the first on 9 June and the second on 1st September. The agendas of the two meetings had several items in common, including progress reports on the work of the four working groups. Group 1, which is responsible for the revision of Chapter I, Section 2 of the Rules of the Fund, has made good progress but will need more time to complete its terms of reference in view of the number and complexity of the articles to be amended. In parallel, the Group has approved a code of conduct for the Pension Fund, which is based, in particular, on the new charter introduced for Swiss pension funds by the Swiss Association of Provident Institutions (ASIP) and the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) code of ethics applicable to members of pension fund bodies. The PFGB took note that the Group had also been working on the rules relating to the status of the personnel of the Fund and the composition of the Investment Committee. The work of Group 2, resp...

  8. PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its first three meetings of the year on 2 February, 2 March and 13 April.At the first of these meetings the Board first heard a presentation by Mrs H. Richmond of JP Morgan on the results of the currency overlay programme applied to the Fund's assets. Thanks to the policy pursued by this company, volatility, i.e. portfolio risk for assets denominated in currencies other than the Swiss franc, has been reduced. However, despite the fact that JP Morgan has considerable expertise in this field, no gain has been achieved over the past year. The Governing Board heard a report by the Investment Committee Chairman G. Maurin on the meetings of 21-22 and 28 January at which the Pension Fund's various fund managers had been interviewed on their results. Decisions were taken on benchmarks aimed at optimising management and on the terms of reference of the Internal Management Unit. It was also decided to place two fund managers on a watching list and to request them to make eve...

  9. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    All members and beneficiaries of the Pension Fund are invited to attend the Annual General Asssembly to be held in the CERN Auditorium on Wednesday 8 October 2003 at 14.30 hrs The Agenda comprises: 1. Opening RemarksJ. Bezemer 2. Annual Report 2002: Presentation and results Copies of the Report are available from divisional secretariats. C. Cuénoud 3. Overview of the present situation with regard to pension funds C. Cuénoud 4. Performance of the Fund since the year 2000 and aspects of the ongoing asset/liability modelling exercise G. Maurin 5. Questions from members and beneficiariesPersons wishing to ask questions are encouraged to submit them, where possible, in writing in advance, addressed to Mr C. Cuénoud, Administrator of the Fund. 6. Conclusions J. Bezemer As usual, participants are invited to drinks after the assembly. NB The minutes of the 2002 General Assembly are available from the Administration of the Fund tel.(+4122)767 27 42; e-mail Sophia.Revol@cern.ch)

  10. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Amendment No 19 to the Rules and Regulations of the Pension Fund has just been published and can be obtained from Divisional secretariats or, in the case of pensioners, directly from the Administration of the Fund (tel. 767-91 94/27 38), bldg 5, 1-030. This Amendment, which entered into force on 1.1.2003, concerns 1) the fixed sums and allowances adjusted at same date (Annex B) and 2) the articles which have been amended, in accordance with the Finance Committee's decision, regarding voting rules of the Governing Board and the role and composition of the Investment Committee.

  11. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Following the approval by the CERN Council, at its Session in March 2006, of the amendments to Administrative Circular No. 14 (Protection of the members of the personnel against the financial consequences of illness, accident and disability) and the resulting amendments to the Rules and Regulations of the Pension Fund, which entered into force on 1st July 2006, the Administration of the Fund has decided to publish a complete new edition of the Rules and Regulations incorporating all amendments up to 1st July 2006. Members of the Fund will be informed once the new edition of the Rules and Regulations is available from Departmental secretariats.In the meantime, the amendments to the text of the Pension Fund Rules and Regulations, which entered into force on 1st July 2006, are presented below (Previous text/Amended text): Chapter II - Section 1: Contributions and benefits Article II 1.04 - Reference Salary - Part-time Work OLD TEXT: The reference salary of a member with a contract for part-time work shall b...

  12. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Following the approval by the CERN Council, at its Session in March 2006, of the amendments to Administrative Circular No. 14 (Protection of the members of the personnel against the financial consequences of illness, accident and disability) and the resulting amendments to the Rules and Regulations of the Pension Fund, which entered into force on 1st July 2006, the Administration of the Fund has decided to publish a complete new edition of the Rules and Regulations incorporating all amendments up to 1st July 2006. Members of the Fund will be informed once the new edition of the Rules and Regulations is available from Departmental secretariats. In the meantime, the amendments to the text of the Pension Fund Rules and Regulations, which entered into force on 1st July 2006, are presented below (Previous text/Amended text) : Chapter II - Section 1: Contributions and benefits Article II 1.04 - Reference Salary - Part-time Work OLD TEXT: the reference salary of a member with a contract for part-time work shall be e...

  13. PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its 104th and 105th meetings on 8th November and 4th December 2001, respectively. The agenda of the 8th November meeting was devoted to a single item, namely the outcome of the Finance Committee's meeting the previous day. The Governing Board noted with satisfaction that both its proposed amendments to the Rules and Regulations of the Fund - allowing, in particular, the award of a deferred retirement pension after five years of service - and its proposal for the adjustment of pensions on 1.1.2002 had been approved for recommendation to the Council in December. At its meeting on 4th December, the Governing Board dealt mainly with the items examined at the latest meeting of the Investment Committee. The Committee's chairman, G. Maurin, stated that the 2001 return on the Fund's overall investments was likely to be between -2% and -3%. He also noted that a new study of the Fund's cash flows (incomings and outgoings) had been performed. He underlined that, while the flo...

  14. Complications: acknowledging, managing, and coping with human error.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helo, Sevann; Moulton, Carol-Anne E

    2017-08-01

    Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication. Proper error disclosure includes a timely explanation of what happened, who was involved, why the error occurred, and how it will be prevented in the future. Medical mistakes afford the opportunity for individuals and institutions to be candid about their weaknesses while improving patient care processes. When a physician takes the Hippocratic Oath they take on a tremendous sense of responsibility for the care of their patients, and often bear the burden of their mistakes in isolation. Physicians may struggle with guilt, shame, and a crisis of confidence, which may thwart efforts to identify areas for improvement that can lead to meaningful change. Coping strategies for providers include discussing the event with others, seeking professional counseling, and implementing quality improvement projects. Physicians and health care organizations need to find adaptive ways to deal with complications that will benefit patients, providers, and their institutions.

  15. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    Pension Fund

    2006-01-01

    Amendment No. 22 to the Rules and Regulations of the Pension Fund has just been published and can be obtained from Department/Unit secretariats or, in the case of pensioners, directly from the Administration of the Fund (tel. 767-91 94/27 38), bldg 5, 1-030. This Amendment, which entered into force following the CERN Council's decisions of 16 December 2005, includes the following new articles: Art. II 5.08 : Non-entitlement to Pension for Surviving Spouse Art. II 5.09 : Procurement of an entitlement to Pension for Surviving Spouse Art. II 6.09 : Non-entitlement to Pension for Orphans Art. II 7.01 c) : Entitlement to Allowances Art. III 1.07 : Extension of the contract beyond the age limit of 65 as well as the following amended articles : Article II 1.07 - Contributions Annex B - Fixed sums and allowances

  16. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its hundred and seventeenth meeting on 3 June 2003. On that occasion, it examined the recommendations made by the External Auditors in their report on their audit of the 2002 annual accounts and the replies by the Pension Fund's Administration. The Governing Board was gratified by the small number of remarks by the External Auditors. It also confirmed its agreement to the procedure followed by the Administration of the Pension Fund in the handling of transfer values. Under other items on the agenda, the Board once again examined ESO's request relating to the terms and conditions of membership by its staff members. In this regard, the Board wishes to receive from ESO a definitive request (following the necessary consultation procedures with the representatives of the personnel and discussions within ESO's governing bodies) so that the working group can continue its work on a clear basis and so that the Governing Board is in a position to take up a position in the m...

  17. PENSION FUND

    CERN Document Server

    Administration of the Fund

    2001-01-01

    The Administration of the Fund has just signed a contract with the 'La Suisse' insurance company, making life insurance available to persons leaving CERN under very similar conditions to those offered to the members of the CERN personnel. From now on, persons retiring from the Organization will be able to take out this new insurance at the moment of retirement, provided that they have been members of CERN's collective life insurance scheme for the last five years of service. Exceptionally, until the end of 2001, 'La Suisse' has agreed to allow persons who are already retired to take out this insurance, subject to their state of health (health questionnaire to be completed) and with a maximum insured amount set at 150,000 CHF. We therefore invite any retired persons interested in this insurance to consult the detailed terms and conditions, either on the Pension Fund's Web site (http://pensions.web.cern.ch/pensions) or by writing to the Administration of the Fund. For those wishing to apply, the documents to be...

  18. Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its one-hundred-and-twenty-second meeting on 3 February 2004. Opening the meeting, the Chairman, J. Bezemer, welcomed W. Zapf's alternate T. Lagrange, A. Naudi's alternate P. Geeraert, and M. Goossens' alternate M. Vitasse, who were attending the Governing Board for the first time. The Governing Board heard a report from its Chairman on the meeting of the CERN Council on 19 December 2003, at which, under Pension Fund matters, the Council had approved a pensions adjustment of 0.7%. The Governing Board then heard a report on the main elements of the Investment Committee's meeting on 3 December 2003. During a presentation, Expert Timing System (Madrid) and the Compagnie de Trésorerie Benjamin de Rothschild (Geneva) had proposed a bond portfolio investment following the same quantitative investment principles as the equities portfolio they already managed for the Fund. After some deliberation, the Investment Committee had decided, on that basis, to award t...

  19. World Malaria Report: time to acknowledge Plasmodium knowlesi malaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Bridget E; Rajahram, Giri S; Grigg, Matthew J; William, Timothy; Anstey, Nicholas M

    2017-03-31

    The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) World Malaria Report documents substantial progress towards control and elimination of malaria. However, major challenges remain. In some regions of Southeast Asia, the simian parasite Plasmodium knowlesi has emerged as an important cause of human malaria, and the authors believe this species warrants regular inclusion in the World Malaria Report. Plasmodium knowlesi is the most common cause of malaria in Malaysia, and cases have also been reported in nearly all countries of Southeast Asia. Outside of Malaysia, P. knowlesi is frequently misdiagnosed by microscopy as Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax. Thus, P. knowlesi may be underdiagnosed in affected regions and its true incidence underestimated. Acknowledgement in the World Malaria Report of the regional importance of P. knowlesi will facilitate efforts to improve surveillance of this emerging parasite. Furthermore, increased recognition will likely lead to improved delivery of effective treatment for this potentially fatal infection, as has occurred in Malaysia where P. knowlesi case-fatality rates have fallen despite rising incidence. In a number of knowlesi-endemic countries, substantial progress has been made towards the elimination of P. vivax and P. falciparum. However, efforts to eliminate these human-only species should not preclude efforts to reduce human malaria from P. knowlesi. The regional importance of knowlesi malaria was recognized by the WHO with its recent Evidence Review Group meeting on knowlesi malaria to address strategies for prevention and mitigation. The WHO World Malaria Report has an appropriate focus on falciparum and vivax malaria, the major causes of global mortality and morbidity. However, the authors hope that in future years this important publication will also incorporate data on the progress and challenges in reducing knowlesi malaria in regions where transmission occurs.

  20. The Cramer-Rao Bound and DMT Signal Optimisation for the Identification of a Wiener-Type Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Koeppl

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available In linear system identification, optimal excitation signals can be determined using the Cramer-Rao bound. This problem has not been thoroughly studied for the nonlinear case. In this work, the Cramer-Rao bound for a factorisable Volterra model is derived. The analytical result is supported with simulation examples. The bound is then used to find the optimal excitation signal out of the class of discrete multitone signals. As the model is nonlinear in the parameters, the bound depends on the model parameters themselves. On this basis, a three-step identification procedure is proposed. To illustrate the procedure, signal optimisation is explicitly performed for a third-order nonlinear model. Methods of nonlinear optimisation are applied for the parameter estimation of the model. As a baseline, the problem of optimal discrete multitone signals for linear FIR filter estimation is reviewed.

  1. Several new inequalities on operator means of non-negative maps and Khatri–Rao products of positive definite matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeyad Abdel Aziz Al-Zhour

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we provide some interested operator inequalities related with non-negative linear maps by means of concavity and convexity structure, and also establish some new attractive inequalities for the Khatri–Rao products of two or more positive definite matrices. These results lead to inequalities for Hadamard product and Ando’s and α-power geometric means, as a special case.

  2. Novel Mobile Robot Simultaneous Loclization and Mapping Using Rao-Blackwellised Particle Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Maohai

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the novel method of mobile robot simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM, which is implemented by using the Rao-Blackwellised particle filter (RBPF for monocular vision-based autonomous robot in unknown indoor environment. The particle filter is combined with unscented Kalman filter (UKF to extending the path posterior by sampling new poses that integrate the current observation. The landmark position estimation and update is implemented through the unscented transform (UT. Furthermore, the number of resampling steps is determined adaptively, which seriously reduces the particle depletion problem. Monocular CCD camera mounted on the robot tracks the 3D natural point landmarks, which are structured with matching image feature pairs extracted through Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT. The matching for multi-dimension SIFT features which are highly distinctive due to a special descriptor is implemented with a KD-Tree in the time cost of O(log2N. Experiments on the robot Pioneer3 in our real indoor environment show that our method is of high precision and stability.

  3. Novel Mobile Robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Using Rao-Blackwellised Particle Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Bingrong

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the novel method of mobile robot simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM, which is implemented by using the Rao-Blackwellised particle filter (RBPF for monocular vision-based autonomous robot in unknown indoor environment. The particle filter is combined with unscented Kalman filter (UKF to extending the path posterior by sampling new poses that integrate the current observation. The landmark position estimation and update is implemented through the unscented transform (UT. Furthermore, the number of resampling steps is determined adaptively, which seriously reduces the particle depletion problem. Monocular CCD camera mounted on the robot tracks the 3D natural point landmarks, which are structured with matching image feature pairs extracted through Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT. The matching for multi-dimension SIFT features which are highly distinctive due to a special descriptor is implemented with a KDTree in the time cost of O(log2N. Experiments on the robot Pioneer3 in our real indoor environment show that our method is of high precision and stability.

  4. Cram\\'er-Rao Bounds for Polynomial Signal Estimation using Sensors with AR(1) Drift

    CERN Document Server

    Kar, Swarnendu; Palaniswami, Marimuthu

    2012-01-01

    We seek to characterize the estimation performance of a sensor network where the individual sensors exhibit the phenomenon of drift, i.e., a gradual change of the bias. Though estimation in the presence of random errors has been extensively studied in the literature, the loss of estimation performance due to systematic errors like drift have rarely been looked into. In this paper, we derive closed-form Fisher Information matrix and subsequently Cram\\'er-Rao bounds (upto reasonable approximation) for the estimation accuracy of drift-corrupted signals. We assume a polynomial time-series as the representative signal and an autoregressive process model for the drift. When the Markov parameter for drift \\rho<1, we show that the first-order effect of drift is asymptotically equivalent to scaling the measurement noise by an appropriate factor. For \\rho=1, i.e., when the drift is non-stationary, we show that the constant part of a signal can only be estimated inconsistently (non-zero asymptotic variance). Practica...

  5. Perturbed soliton excitations of Rao-dust Alfvén waves in magnetized dusty plasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kavitha, L., E-mail: louiskavitha@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur 610 101 (India); The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy); Lavanya, C.; Senthil Kumar, V. [Department of Physics, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu 636 011 (India); Gopi, D. [Department of Chemistry, Periyar University, Salem 636 011 (India); Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu 636 011 (India); Pasqua, A. [Department of Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy)

    2016-04-15

    We investigate the propagation dynamics of the perturbed soliton excitations in a three component fully ionized dusty magnetoplasma consisting of electrons, ions, and heavy charged dust particulates. We derive the governing equation of motion for the two dimensional Rao-dust magnetohydrodynamic (R-D-MHD) wave by employing the inertialess electron equation of motion, inertial ion equation of motion, the continuity equations in a plasma with immobile charged dust grains, together with the Maxwell's equations, by assuming quasi neutrality and neglecting the displacement current in Ampere's law. Furthermore, we assume the massive dust particles are practically immobile since we are interested in timescales much shorter than the dusty plasma period, thereby neglecting any damping of the modes due to the grain charge fluctuations. We invoke the reductive perturbation method to represent the governing dynamics by a perturbed cubic nonlinear Schrödinger (pCNLS) equation. We solve the pCNLS, along the lines of Kodama-Ablowitz multiple scale nonlinear perturbation technique and explored the R-D-MHD waves as solitary wave excitations in a magnetized dusty plasma. Since Alfvén waves play an important role in energy transport in driving field-aligned currents, particle acceleration and heating, solar flares, and the solar wind, this representation of R-D-MHD waves as soliton excitations may have extensive applications to study the lower part of the earth's ionosphere.

  6. Quantum Cramer–Rao Bound for a Massless Scalar Field in de Sitter Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Rotondo

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available How precisely can we estimate cosmological parameters by performing a quantum measurement on a cosmological quantum state? In quantum estimation theory, the variance of an unbiased parameter estimator is bounded from below by the inverse of measurement-dependent Fisher information and ultimately by quantum Fisher information, which is the maximization of the former over all positive operator-valued measurements. Such bound is known as the quantum Cramer –Rao bound. We consider the evolution of a massless scalar field with Bunch–Davies vacuum in a spatially flat FLRW spacetime, which results in a two-mode squeezed vacuum out-state for each field wave number mode. We obtain the expressions of the quantum Fisher information as well as the Fisher informations associated to occupation number measurement and power spectrum measurement, and show the specific results of their evolution for pure de Sitter expansion and de Sitter expansion followed by a radiation-dominated phase as examples. We will discuss these results from the point of view of the quantum-to-classical transition of cosmological perturbations and show quantitatively how this transition and the residual quantum correlations affect the bound on the precision.

  7. Cramér-Rao lower bound calculations for image registration using simulated phenomenology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, David W; Dank, Jeffrey A

    2015-08-01

    The Cramér-Rao lower bound (CRLB) is a valuable tool to quantify fundamental limits to estimation problems associated with imaging systems, and has been used previously to study image registration performance bounds. Most existing work, however, assumes constant-variance noise; for many applications, noise is signal-dependent. Further, linear filters applied after detection can potentially yield reduced registration error, but prior work has not treated the CRLB behavior caused by filter-imposed noise correlation. We have developed computational methods to efficiently generalize existing image registration CRLB calculations to account for the effect of both signal-dependent noise and linear filtering on the estimation of rigid-translation ("shift") parameters. Because effective use of the CRLB requires radiometrically realistic simulated imagery, we have also developed methods to exploit computer animation software and available optical properties databases to conveniently build and modify synthetic objects for radiometric image simulations using DIRSIG. In this paper, we present the generalized expressions for the rigid shift Fisher information matrix and discuss the properties of the associated CRLB. We discuss the methods used to synthesize object "sets" for use in DIRSIG, and then demonstrate the use of simulated imagery in the CRLB code to choose an error-minimizing filter and optimal integration time for an image-based tracker in the presence of random platform jitter.

  8. Estimation of parameters of a laser Doppler velocimeter and their Cramer--Rao lower bounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jian; Long, Xingwu

    2011-08-01

    Considering the influence of acceleration and the Gaussian envelope for a laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV), parameter estimation of a Doppler signal with a Gaussian envelope was investigated based on introducing acceleration. According to the theory of mathematics statistics, the Cramer--Rao lower bounds (CRLBs) of Doppler circular frequency and its first order rate were analyzed, formulas of CRLBs were given, and the power spectrum estimation with adjustment was discussed. The results of theory and the simulation show that the CRLBs are related to the data length, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and the width of the Gaussian envelope, and they can be decreased by increasing the data length or improving the SNR; the larger the acceleration is and the narrower the Gaussian envelope is, the larger the CRLBs of Doppler circular frequency and its first order rate are; the gap between the variances of the measuring results and the CRLBs narrows when the SNR of the signal is improved, and is almost eliminated when the SNR is higher than 6dB. It is concluded that the model presented is much more suitable for a LDV than that acquired by Rife and Boorstyn [IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory 20, 591 (1974)].

  9. Mutual Fund Exit and Mutual Fund Fees

    OpenAIRE

    Philip C. English II; Ilhan Demiralp; William P. Dukes

    2011-01-01

    We examine the effect of mutual fund fee structure on mutual fund exit mode and timing. The evidence presented herein is consistent with fee maximization by mutual fund sponsors or managers, increased conflicts of interest for funds charging 12b-1 fees and higher management fees, and a pecking order for mutual fund exit method. Specifically, mutual fund exits that result in decreased fee income are delayed relative to exits that do not and exit strategies that retain fee income are more likel...

  10. PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    Administration of the Fund

    2001-01-01

    The Administration of the Fund has just signed a contract with the 'La Suisse' insurance company, making life insurance available to persons leaving CERN under very similar conditions to those offered to the members of the CERN personnel. From now on, persons retiring from the Organization will be able to take out this new insurance at the moment of retirement, provided that they have been members of CERN's collective life insurance scheme for the last five years of service. Exceptionally, until the end of 2001, 'La Suisse' has agreed to allow persons who are already retired to take out this insurance, provided that they are less than 70 years old and subject to their state of health (health questionnaire to be completed) and with a maximum insured amount set at 150,000 CHF. We therefore invite any retired persons interested in this insurance to consult the detailed terms and conditions, either on the Pension Fund's Web site (http://pensions.web.cern.ch/pensions) or contacting to the Administration of the Fun...

  11. The impact of rape acknowledgment on survivor outcomes: The moderating effects of rape myth acceptance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Laura C; Newins, Amie R; White, Susan W

    2017-11-13

    Little is known about how rape acknowledgment relates to posttrauma functioning; recent research suggests the effect may depend on additional factors. In the current study, the moderating effect of rape myth acceptance (RMA) on the relationships between rape acknowledgment and mental health outcomes was examined. A sample of 181 female rape survivors recruited from a university completed an online survey assessing RMA, rape acknowledgment, depression symptoms, and alcohol use. Generally, the results supported that RMA moderated the influence of rape acknowledgment on depression symptoms and average quantity per drinking episode, but not frequency of alcohol use. The findings demonstrated that when individuals endorsed high levels of RMA, acknowledged rape survivors reported worse outcomes than unacknowledged rape survivors. Among individuals low on RMA, unacknowledged rape survivors reported worse outcomes than acknowledged rape survivors. It is recommended that clinicians recognize the role of survivor beliefs, such as RMA, in the relationship between labeling sexual assault experiences and mental health consequences. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Gender differences in acknowledgment of stalking victimization: results from the NCVS stalking supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englebrecht, Christine M; Reyns, Bradford W

    2011-01-01

    Research suggests that a significant portion of victims of interpersonal violence do not acknowledge or label their experience as a criminal victimization. Studies exploring unacknowledged victimizations have found that individuals are more likely to acknowledge victimization when the experience meets certain, often stereotypical criteria. This study addressed this issue by integrating literature on victim acknowledgment and stalking victimization to identify correlates of victimization acknowledgment among stalking victims. Data were drawn from the 2006 stalking supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), and the sample included both female and male victims of stalking. Findings revealed support for a "classic stalking script," which included a reliance on stereotypical types of stalking behavior (i.e., being spied on) that were shown to increase acknowledgment for victims of stalking. Results also described gender based correlates of victimization acknowledgment.

  13. All that glitters isn't gold: A survey on acknowledgment of limitations in biomedical studies

    OpenAIRE

    Ter Riet, Gerben; Chesley, Paula; Gross, Alan G; Siebeling, Lara; Muggensturm, Patrick; Heller, Nadine; Umbehr, Martin; Vollenweider, Daniela; Yu, Tsung; Akl, Elie A; Brewster, Lizzy; Dekkers, Olaf M; Mühlhauser, Ingrid; Richter, Bernd; Singh, Sonal

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Acknowledgment of all serious limitations to research evidence is important for patient care and scientific progress. Formal research on how biomedical authors acknowledge limitations is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent to which limitations are acknowledged in biomedical publications explicitly, and implicitly by investigating the use of phrases that express uncertainty, so-called hedges; to assess the association between industry support and the extent of hedging. D...

  14. Pension fund

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

    Letter sent on Monday 8 December 2014 to the delegates of the Member States to CERN Council An item on the agenda of the CERN Council of Thursday 11 December concerned the CERN Pension Fund, namely a discussion of a document that proposes how to respond to the many questions concerning pensions that had been submitted by thirteen Member State delegations. That document lists all these questions and proposes, as a first step, to consider the legal feasibility and the actuarial cost to transform our current defined-benefit pension scheme into a defined-contribution scheme. Once again, several delegates show their determination to worsen our pension conditions. The Staff Association’s Pension Commission, in a special meeting on Thursday, 4 December, has decided to send an open letter to the delegates of the CERN Council. In this letter (shown below) the Staff Association and CERN-ESO Pensions’ Association express their opposition to these intentions. We underline, once more, that the 2010...

  15. A progress report on the RAO binaries-in-clusters program and its relevance for distance scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milone, E. F.; Schiller, S. J.

    Active studies of selected double-lined spectroscopic and eclipsing binary star systems in open clusters have been carried out at the RAO of the University of Calgary in order to improve knowledge of the absolute parameters of individual stars at discernible stages of stellar evolution and of the Galactic clusters of which these systems are members. Here, the basic theoretical approaches used in this study are summarized, and the criteria for selecting cluster candidate binaries are reviewed. Active target systems, their clusters, magnitudes, and other information are given.

  16. Cramer-Rao lower bound optimization of an EM-CCD-based scintillation gamma camera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korevaar, Marc A N; Goorden, Marlies C; Beekman, Freek J

    2013-04-21

    Scintillation gamma cameras based on low-noise electron multiplication (EM-)CCDs can reach high spatial resolutions. For further improvement of these gamma cameras, more insight is needed into how various parameters that characterize these devices influence their performance. Here, we use the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) to investigate the sensitivity of the energy and spatial resolution of an EM-CCD-based gamma camera to several parameters. The gamma camera setup consists of a 3 mm thick CsI(Tl) scintillator optically coupled by a fiber optic plate to the E2V CCD97 EM-CCD. For this setup, the position and energy of incoming gamma photons are determined with a maximum-likelihood detection algorithm. To serve as the basis for the CRLB calculations, accurate models for the depth-dependent scintillation light distribution are derived and combined with a previously validated statistical response model for the EM-CCD. The sensitivity of the lower bounds for energy and spatial resolution to the EM gain and the depth-of-interaction (DOI) are calculated and compared to experimentally obtained values. Furthermore, calculations of the influence of the number of detected optical photons and noise sources in the image area on the energy and spatial resolution are presented. Trends predicted by CRLB calculations agree with experiments, although experimental values for spatial and energy resolution are typically a factor of 1.5 above the calculated lower bounds. Calculations and experiments both show that an intermediate EM gain setting results in the best possible spatial or energy resolution and that the spatial resolution of the gamma camera degrades rapidly as a function of the DOI. Furthermore, calculations suggest that a large improvement in gamma camera performance is achieved by an increase in the number of detected photons or a reduction of noise in the image area. A large noise reduction, as is possible with a new generation of EM-CCD electronics, may improve the

  17. Acknowledgements; Preface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Valkenburg

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 180 people attended the 10th North American Caribou Workshop which was held immedi¬ately following the annual meeting of the Northwest Section of The Wildlife Society. Participants came from Canada, Greenland, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States (primarily Alaska. Over 80 papers and posters were presented and about 25% of those are published here in this special edition of Rangifer. Many of the papers, including the keynote address by Dr. Gunter Weller, concerned climate change and global warming.

  18. Danish mutual fund performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This article provides the first independent performance analysis of Danish mutual funds. We analyse selectivity and market timing abilities for 71 mutual funds that have been in operation from 2001 to 2010. The results show great fund performance diversity. Half the funds have performed neutrally...

  19. Taxonomic Relationship between Tylototriton daweishanensis Zhao, Rao, Liu, Li and Yuan, 2012 and T. yangi Hou, Li and Lu, 2012 (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae)

    OpenAIRE

    Nishikawa, Kanto; Rao, Ding-Qi; MATSUI, MASAFUMI; Eto, Koshiro

    2015-01-01

    We assessed taxonomic relationship of Tylototriton daweishanensis Zhao, Rao, Liu, Li and Yuan, 2012 and T. yangi Hou, Li and Lu, 2012 using mitochondrial DNA sequence data and found them to be as closely related as to be regarded as conspecific. This result, together with available morphological information, strongly indicates that T. daweishanensis is a junior synonym of T. Yangi.

  20. Comparison of methods of alert acknowledgement by critical care clinicians in the ICU setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew M. Harrison

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Electronic Health Record (EHR-based sepsis alert systems have failed to demonstrate improvements in clinically meaningful endpoints. However, the effect of implementation barriers on the success of new sepsis alert systems is rarely explored. Objective To test the hypothesis time to severe sepsis alert acknowledgement by critical care clinicians in the ICU setting would be reduced using an EHR-based alert acknowledgement system compared to a text paging-based system. Study Design In one arm of this simulation study, real alerts for patients in the medical ICU were delivered to critical care clinicians through the EHR. In the other arm, simulated alerts were delivered through text paging. The primary outcome was time to alert acknowledgement. The secondary outcomes were a structured, mixed quantitative/qualitative survey and informal group interview. Results The alert acknowledgement rate from the severe sepsis alert system was 3% (N = 148 and 51% (N = 156 from simulated severe sepsis alerts through traditional text paging. Time to alert acknowledgement from the severe sepsis alert system was median 274 min (N = 5 and median 2 min (N = 80 from text paging. The response rate from the EHR-based alert system was insufficient to compare primary measures. However, secondary measures revealed important barriers. Conclusion Alert fatigue, interruption, human error, and information overload are barriers to alert and simulation studies in the ICU setting.

  1. Fanconi Anemia Research Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Support Publications Fundraising News What is the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund? Fanconi anemia is an inherited disease that can lead to ... population. Lynn and Dave Frohnmayer started the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund, in 1989 to find effective treatments ...

  2. The funding black hole

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Two physics students at the University of Bristol have organised a petition against the recently-announced funding cut of 80 million by the body that funds physics research in the UK, the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC).

  3. Rating mutual funds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Ken L.; Rangvid, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    obtained a risk-adjusted excess return that is approximately 3-4 percentage points higher per annum than if the funds with the highest costs had been invested in. We compare the atpRating with the Morningstar Rating. We show that one reason why the atpRating and the Morningstar Rating contain different...... the return of a fund in a certain year generally contains only little information about the future return that the fund will generate. Finally, we have information on the investments in different mutual funds made by a small subgroup of investors known to have been exposed to both the atp......We develop a new rating of mutual funds: the atpRating. The atpRating assigns crowns to each individual mutual fund based upon the costs an investor pays when investing in the fund in relation to what it would cost to invest in the fund's peers. Within each investment category, the rating assigns...

  4. Rating mutual funds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Ken L.; Rangvid, Jesper

    obtained an annual risk-adjusted excess return that is approximately 3-4 percentage points higher per annum than if the funds with the highest costs had been invested in. We compare the atpRating with the Morningstar Rating. We show that one reason why the atpRating and the Morningstar Rating contain......, whereas the return of a fund in a certain year generally contains only little information about the future return that the fund will generate. Finally, we have information on the investments in different mutual funds made by a small subgroup of investors known to have been exposed to both the atp......We develop a new rating of mutual funds: the atpRating. The atpRating assigns crowns to each individual mutual fund based upon the costs an investor pays when investing in the fund in relation to what it would cost to invest in the fund's peers. Within each investment category, the rating assigns...

  5. Picking Funds with Confidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønborg, Niels Strange; Lunde, Asger; Timmermann, Allan

    identified ex-ante as being superior earn substantially higher risk-adjusted returns than top funds identified by conventional alpha ranking methods. Importantly, we find strong evidence of variation in the breadth of the set of funds identified as superior, as well as fluctuations in the style and industry...... exposures of such funds over time and across different volatility states....

  6. Are fund of hedge fund returns asymmetric?

    OpenAIRE

    Lynch, Margaret; Hutson, Elaine; Stevenson, Max

    2004-01-01

    We examine the return distributions of 332 funds of hedge funds and associated indices. Over half of the sample is significantly skewed according to the skewness statistic, and these are split 50/50 positive and negative. However, we argue that the skewness statistic can lead to erroneous inferences regarding the nature of the return distribution, because the test statistic is based on the normal distribution. Using a series of tests that make minimal assumptions about the shape of the ...

  7. Offshore Investment Funds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shang-Jin Wei

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Offshore investment funds are alleged to have engaged in trading behavior that is different from their onshore counterparts because they may be subject to less supervision and regulation. In particular, they may trade more intensely. They could also pursue more aggressively certain trading strategies such as positive feedback trading or herding that could contribute to a greater volatility in the market. Using a unique data set, this chapter compares the trading behavior in the Korean stock market between offshore investment funds with their onshore counterparts registered in the US and UK. There are a number of interesting findings. First, there is indeed evidence suggesting that the offshore funds trade more intensely than their onshore counterparts. Second, however, there is no evidence that the offshore funds engage in positive feedback trading. In contrast, there is strong evidence that the funds from the U.S. and U.K. do. Third, while offshore funds do herd, they do so far less than onshore funds in the U.S. or UK. Fourth, offshore funds hold less glamour stocks (e.g. stocks with high P/E in their portfolio than funds in the U.S. or U.K. do. Moreover, flight to glamour stocks during the in-crisis period is less evident in the case of offshore funds. In sum, offshore funds are no especially worrisome monsters.

  8. All that glitters isn't gold: a survey on acknowledgment of limitations in biomedical studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ter Riet, Gerben; Chesley, Paula; Gross, Alan G; Siebeling, Lara; Muggensturm, Patrick; Heller, Nadine; Umbehr, Martin; Vollenweider, Daniela; Yu, Tsung; Akl, Elie A; Brewster, Lizzy; Dekkers, Olaf M; Mühlhauser, Ingrid; Richter, Bernd; Singh, Sonal; Goodman, Steven; Puhan, Milo A

    2013-01-01

    Acknowledgment of all serious limitations to research evidence is important for patient care and scientific progress. Formal research on how biomedical authors acknowledge limitations is scarce. To assess the extent to which limitations are acknowledged in biomedical publications explicitly, and implicitly by investigating the use of phrases that express uncertainty, so-called hedges; to assess the association between industry support and the extent of hedging. We analyzed reporting of limitations and use of hedges in 300 biomedical publications published in 30 high and medium -ranked journals in 2007. Hedges were assessed using linguistic software that assigned weights between 1 and 5 to each expression of uncertainty. Twenty-seven percent of publications (81/300) did not mention any limitations, while 73% acknowledged a median of 3 (range 1-8) limitations. Five percent mentioned a limitation in the abstract. After controlling for confounders, publications on industry-supported studies used significantly fewer hedges than publications not so supported (p = 0.028). Detection and classification of limitations was--to some extent--subjective. The weighting scheme used by the hedging detection software has subjective elements. Reporting of limitations in biomedical publications is probably very incomplete. Transparent reporting of limitations may protect clinicians and guideline committees against overly confident beliefs and decisions and support scientific progress through better design, conduct or analysis of new studies.

  9. 77 FR 19315 - Final Determination Against Federal Acknowledgment of the Central Band of Cherokee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Department declines to acknowledge ``Central Band of Cherokee'' (CBC), Petitioner... petitioner under one criterion as permitted by Sec. 83.10(e)(1). The PF found the CBC petitioner was not an... petitioner meets the criterion in question under the reasonable likelihood standard in Sec. 83.6(d). The CBC...

  10. 40 CFR 168.75 - Procedures for exporting unregistered pesticides-purchaser acknowledgement statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... pesticides-purchaser acknowledgement statements. 168.75 Section 168.75 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS STATEMENTS OF ENFORCEMENT POLICIES AND INTERPRETATIONS Export Policy and Procedures for Exporting Unregistered Pesticides § 168.75 Procedures for...

  11. Acknowledging Teacher Professionalism in Ireland: The Case for a Chartered Teacher Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Raymond; Hennessy, Jennifer; Gleeson, Jim

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents an argument for the development of an Irish Chartered Teacher initiative which would acknowledge and accredit the professionalism of experienced and accomplished teachers. It begins by examining the current position of teaching as a profession based on findings from Irish and international research studies. Issues surrounding…

  12. Acknowledging the patient with back pain: A systematic review based on thematic synthesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup, Lene; Norlyk, Annelise

    are ignored by the health professionals, who are often concerned about identifying the cause. This can result in patients feeling mistrusted, marginalised and reluctant to speak out. Therefore, telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged...

  13. The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Chen

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available There is a problem that complex operation which leads to a heavy calculation burden is required when the direction of arrival (DOA of a sparse signal is estimated by using the array covariance matrix. The solution of the multiple measurement vectors (MMV model is difficult. In this paper, a real-valued sparse DOA estimation algorithm based on the Khatri-Rao (KR product called the L1-RVSKR is proposed. The proposed algorithm is based on the sparse representation of the array covariance matrix. The array covariance matrix is transformed to a real-valued matrix via a unitary transformation so that a real-valued sparse model is achieved. The real-valued sparse model is vectorized for transforming to a single measurement vector (SMV model, and a new virtual overcomplete dictionary is constructed according to the KR product’s property. Finally, the sparse DOA estimation is solved by utilizing the idea of a sparse representation of array covariance vectors (SRACV. The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance and the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm.

  14. Statistical resolution limit for the multidimensional harmonic retrieval model: hypothesis test and Cramér-Rao Bound approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Korso Mohammed

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The statistical resolution limit (SRL, which is defined as the minimal separation between parameters to allow a correct resolvability, is an important statistical tool to quantify the ultimate performance for parametric estimation problems. In this article, we generalize the concept of the SRL to the multidimensional SRL (MSRL applied to the multidimensional harmonic retrieval model. In this article, we derive the SRL for the so-called multidimensional harmonic retrieval model using a generalization of the previously introduced SRL concepts that we call multidimensional SRL (MSRL. We first derive the MSRL using an hypothesis test approach. This statistical test is shown to be asymptotically an uniformly most powerful test which is the strongest optimality statement that one could expect to obtain. Second, we link the proposed asymptotic MSRL based on the hypothesis test approach to a new extension of the SRL based on the Cramér-Rao Bound approach. Thus, a closed-form expression of the asymptotic MSRL is given and analyzed in the framework of the multidimensional harmonic retrieval model. Particularly, it is proved that the optimal MSRL is obtained for equi-powered sources and/or an equi-distributed number of sensors on each multi-way array.

  15. The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA) Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tao; Wu, Huanxin; Zhao, Zhongkai

    2016-05-14

    There is a problem that complex operation which leads to a heavy calculation burden is required when the direction of arrival (DOA) of a sparse signal is estimated by using the array covariance matrix. The solution of the multiple measurement vectors (MMV) model is difficult. In this paper, a real-valued sparse DOA estimation algorithm based on the Khatri-Rao (KR) product called the L₁-RVSKR is proposed. The proposed algorithm is based on the sparse representation of the array covariance matrix. The array covariance matrix is transformed to a real-valued matrix via a unitary transformation so that a real-valued sparse model is achieved. The real-valued sparse model is vectorized for transforming to a single measurement vector (SMV) model, and a new virtual overcomplete dictionary is constructed according to the KR product's property. Finally, the sparse DOA estimation is solved by utilizing the idea of a sparse representation of array covariance vectors (SRACV). The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance and the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm.

  16. Analysis of sensor impulse response effects on Cramèr–Rao lower bounds for signal parameter estimators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ephraim S. Gower

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a generic analysis of sensor impulse response effects on linearly filtered channel noise is presented to illustrate the resulting variations to the Cramèr–Rao lower bounds (CRLBs of signal parameter estimators in signal processing and communication applications. The authors start by deriving the density function of a filtered signal, which is shown to be a mixture density, and hence the exact expressions for the mean and variance. Simulation results are used to confirm the derivations, which are then used to investigate the effects of impulse response length and variance, as well as channel noise length and variance effects on the resulting CRLBs. Results indicate that for non-zero-mean channel noise and impulse responses, the resulting mean of filtered noise can be relatively large causing adverse deviations to parameter estimations. The filtered noise variance is shown to be proportional to the impulse response energy, where for long duration of signal capture the CRLB is significantly increased.

  17. Cramer-Rao Lower Bound Evaluation for Linear Frequency Modulation Based Active Radar Networks Operating in a Rice Fading Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenguang Shi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the joint target parameter (delay and Doppler estimation performance of linear frequency modulation (LFM-based radar networks in a Rice fading environment. The active radar networks are composed of multiple radar transmitters and multichannel receivers placed on moving platforms. First, the log-likelihood function of the received signal for a Rician target is derived, where the received signal scattered off the target comprises of dominant scatterer (DS component and weak isotropic scatterers (WIS components. Then, the analytically closed-form expressions of the Cramer-Rao lower bounds (CRLBs on the Cartesian coordinates of target position and velocity are calculated, which can be adopted as a performance metric to access the target parameter estimation accuracy for LFM-based radar network systems in a Rice fading environment. It is found that the cumulative Fisher information matrix (FIM is a linear combination of both DS component and WIS components, and it also demonstrates that the joint CRLB is a function of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR, target’s radar cross section (RCS and transmitted waveform parameters, as well as the relative geometry between the target and the radar network architectures. Finally, numerical results are provided to indicate that the joint target parameter estimation performance of active radar networks can be significantly improved with the exploitation of DS component.

  18. An internal reference model-based PRF temperature mapping method with Cramer-Rao lower bound noise performance analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Cheng; Pan, Xinyi; Ying, Kui; Zhang, Qiang; An, Jing; Weng, Dehe; Qin, Wen; Li, Kuncheng

    2009-11-01

    The conventional phase difference method for MR thermometry suffers from disturbances caused by the presence of lipid protons, motion-induced error, and field drift. A signal model is presented with multi-echo gradient echo (GRE) sequence using a fat signal as an internal reference to overcome these problems. The internal reference signal model is fit to the water and fat signals by the extended Prony algorithm and the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm to estimate the chemical shifts between water and fat which contain temperature information. A noise analysis of the signal model was conducted using the Cramer-Rao lower bound to evaluate the noise performance of various algorithms, the effects of imaging parameters, and the influence of the water:fat signal ratio in a sample on the temperature estimate. Comparison of the calculated temperature map and thermocouple temperature measurements shows that the maximum temperature estimation error is 0.614 degrees C, with a standard deviation of 0.06 degrees C, confirming the feasibility of this model-based temperature mapping method. The influence of sample water:fat signal ratio on the accuracy of the temperature estimate is evaluated in a water-fat mixed phantom experiment with an optimal ratio of approximately 0.66:1. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  19. A Novel Frequency Synchronization Algorithm and its Cramer Rao Bound in Practical UWB Environment for MB-OFDM Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Chakrabarti

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an efficient time-domain coarse frequency offset (FO synchronizer (TCFS for multi-band orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MB-OFDM systems effective for practical ultra-wideband (UWB environment. The proposed algorithm derives its estimates based on phase differences in the received subcarrier signals of several successive OFDM symbols in the preamble. We consider different carrier FOs and different channel responses in different bands to keep the analysis and simulation compatible for practical multiband UWB scenario. Performance of the algorithm is studied by means of bit error rate (BER analysis of MBOFDM system. We derive the Cramer Rao lower bound (CRLB of the estimation error variance and compare it with the simulated error variance both in additive white Gaussian noise and UWB channel model (CM environments, CM1-CM4. Both analysis and simulation show that TCFS can estimate coarse carrier FO more efficiently in UWB fading channels for MB-OFDM applications compared to the other reported results in literature. Also, computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is analyzed for its usability evaluation.

  20. Cramer-RAO lower bounds for sinusoidal models from Topex/Poseidon data in the Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias Ballesteros, M.; Medina, C.; Alonso del Rosario, J. J.; Villares-Durán, P.; Gómez-Enri, J.; Catalán Pérez-Urquiola, M.; Labrador Costero, I.

    2007-10-01

    The Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) for the estimations of the cosine and sine amplitudes of multi-tone sinusoidal model is derived and applied on TOPEX/Poseidon satellite altimetry data sets covering the Indian Ocean. The CRLB depends on the variance of the White Gaussian Noise that it is computed by Modern Parametric Autoregressive Adaptative Spectral Analysis. Determining CRLB parameters it is possible to establish the minimal error associated to any model built to work in the study area what improves the intrinsic bias of the generated time series. The noise that appears in the altimetric data depends strongly on the errors from the atmospheric and geophysical corrections, so the role of the inverted barometer and tidal corrections are also analyzed. The results is summarized as: a) the spatial structure of the order of the parametric model considering the application or not of the above corrections and its relationship to the surface dynamical system of currents in Indian Ocean; b) the spatial structure of the variance of the WGN in the area and its meaning; c) the CRLB for the Geoid's estimators and the CRLB for the estimators of the semiannual and annual waves.

  1. Gibbs Sampler-Based λ-Dynamics and Rao-Blackwell Estimator for Alchemical Free Energy Calculation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Xinqiang; Vilseck, Jonah Z; Hayes, Ryan L; Brooks, Charles L

    2017-06-13

    λ-dynamics is a generalized ensemble method for alchemical free energy calculations. In traditional λ-dynamics, the alchemical switch variable λ is treated as a continuous variable ranging from 0 to 1 and an empirical estimator is utilized to approximate the free energy. In the present article, we describe an alternative formulation of λ-dynamics that utilizes the Gibbs sampler framework, which we call Gibbs sampler-based λ-dynamics (GSLD). GSLD, like traditional λ-dynamics, can be readily extended to calculate free energy differences between multiple ligands in one simulation. We also introduce a new free energy estimator, the Rao-Blackwell estimator (RBE), for use in conjunction with GSLD. Compared with the current empirical estimator, the advantage of RBE is that RBE is an unbiased estimator and its variance is usually smaller than the current empirical estimator. We also show that the multistate Bennett acceptance ratio equation or the unbinned weighted histogram analysis method equation can be derived using the RBE. We illustrate the use and performance of this new free energy computational framework by application to a simple harmonic system as well as relevant calculations of small molecule relative free energies of solvation and binding to a protein receptor. Our findings demonstrate consistent and improved performance compared with conventional alchemical free energy methods.

  2. Ultrametricity in fund of funds diversification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miceli, M. A.; Susinno, G.

    2004-12-01

    Minimum market transparency requirements impose hedge fund (HF) managers to use the statement declared strategy in practice. However, each declared strategy may actually generate a multiplicity of implemented management decisions. Is then the “actual ” strategy the same as the “announced” strategy? Can the actual strategy be monitored or compared to the actual strategy of HF belonging to the same “announced” class? Can the announced or actual strategy be used as a quantitative argument in the fund of funds policy? With the appropriate metric, it is possible to draw a minimum spanning tree (MST) to emphasize the similarity structure that could be hidden in the raw correlation matrix of HF returns.

  3. A Fund of Wisdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seabrooke, Leonard; Broome, André

    2006-01-01

    The International Monetary Fund spends most of its time monitoring its member states' economic performance and advising on institutional change. While much of the literature sees the Fund as a policy enforcer in "emerging market" and "frontier" economies, little attention has been paid to exploring...... for change on the basis of like-characteristics among economies. Many Western states, particularly small open economies, consider the Fund's advice as important not only for technical know-how, but because Fund assessments are significant to international and domestic political audiences. This article traces...... the Fund's advice on taxation and monetary reform to two coordinated market economies, Denmark and Sweden, and two liberal market economies, Australia and New Zealand from 1975 to 2004. It maps how the Fund advocated "policy revolutions" and "policy recombinations" during this period, advice that coincided...

  4. Funding begets biodiversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrends, Antje; Burgess, Neil David; Gereau, Roy E.

    2011-01-01

    . Location Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Methods We analysed time series data (1980–2007) of funding (n = 134 projects) and plant species records (n = 75,631) from a newly compiled database. Perceived plant diversity, over three decades, is regressed against funding and environmental factors......, and variances decomposed in partial regressions. Cross-correlations are used to assess whether perceived biodiversity drives funding or vice versa. Results Funding explained 65% of variation in perceived biodiversity patterns – six times more variation than accounted for by 34 candidate environmental factors...... facilitating further research that results in more species discoveries. Here, we test whether there is circularity between funding and perceived biodiversity, which may reinforce the conservation status of areas already perceived to be important while other areas with less initial funding may remain overlooked...

  5. SRI funds: Nomen est omen

    OpenAIRE

    Kempf, Alexander; Osthoff, Peer

    2007-01-01

    We test the frequently made claim that SRI funds are conventional funds in disguise. For this purpose, we compare the portfolio holdings of SRI funds to conventional funds concerning their social and environmental standards. Our empirical study of US equity funds shows that SRI funds have a significantly higher ethical ranking than standard funds, i.e., they are not conventional funds in disguise. This result holds for all ethical criteria we investigate. It is stable over time and holds afte...

  6. CERN Pension Fund move

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    The CERN Pension Fund has moved to new offices on the 5th floor of Building 5. The Benefits Service of the Fund is now located in Offices 5-5-017 - 5-5-021 - 5-5-023. We remind you that the office hours are: Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday from 10 am to 12 am and from 3 pm to 5 pm. The Fund would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all the persons involved in the relocation.

  7. INDEXING AND INDEX FUNDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HAKAN SARITAŞ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Proponents of the efficient market hypothesis believe that active portfolio management is largely wasted effort and unlikely to justify the expenses incurred. Therefore, they advocate a passive investment strategy that makes no attempt to outsmart the market. One common strategy for passive management is indexing where a fund is designed to replicate the performance of a broad-based index of stocks and bonds. Traditionally, indexing was used by institutional investors, but today, the use of index funds proliferated among individual investors. Over the years, both international and domestic index funds have disproportionately outperformed the market more than the actively managed funds have.

  8. Why shared data should not be acknowledged on the author byline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohlfing, T; Poline, J-B

    2012-02-15

    We argue that the emerging practice of using the author byline to acknowledge shared data is incompatible with current established standards for academic authorship. Non-author contributors, whether groups or individuals, should not be added to the author list of published papers. Deviation from these principles devalues authorship and raises issues, such as equal treatment of groups and individuals, credit for shared data vs. other shared resources, and ultimately guest authorship. Such dilution of authorship standards is problematic because it can compromise fair evaluations in the scientific community. We briefly discuss viable alternatives for crediting contributors, such as citations of papers describing shared data, reference to dataset publications, inclusion in the Acknowledgments section, or credit of individuals for sharing data in an Appendix, a solution that has been used in academic evaluation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Peer-mediated intervention: attending to, commenting on, and acknowledging the behavior of preschoolers with autism.

    OpenAIRE

    Goldstein, H; Kaczmarek, L.; Pennington, R; Shafer, K

    1992-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of a peer-mediated intervention on the social interaction of five triads comprised of preschoolers with autism and their typical peers. Strategies thought to facilitate interaction were selected based on analyses of a descriptive data base. Peers were taught to attend to, comment on, and acknowledge the behavior of their classmates with disabilities. These are behaviors preschoolers typically exhibit frequently, but that do not obligate responses to the sam...

  10. TRAILER Project Overview. Tagging, Recognition and Acknowledgment of Informal Learning ExpeRiences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García-Peñalvo, Francisco J.; Zangrando, Valentina; García Holgado, Alicia; Conde González, Miguel Ángel; Seoane Pardo, Antonio; Alier Forment, Marc; Janssen, José; Griffiths, Dai; Mykowska, Aleksandra; Ribeiro Alves, Gustavo; Minovic, Miroslav

    2012-01-01

    García-Peñalvo, F. J., Zangrando, V., García Holgado, A., Conde González, M. Á., Seoane Pardo, A. M., Alier Forment, M., Janssen, J., et al. (2012). TRAILER Project Overview. Tagging, Recognition and Acknowledgment of Informal Learning ExpeRiences. In F. J. García, L. Vicent, M. Ribó, A. Climent, J.

  11. Leadership, support and acknowledgement of registered nurses work in acute mental health units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Michelle; Horsfall, Jan; O'Hara-Aarons, Maureen; Hunt, Glenn E

    2012-10-01

    In acute mental health inpatient units, it is not surprising that culture, peers, immediate management, and sources of support and acknowledgment all contribute to positive nursing outcomes. In this qualitative study, four questions targeting leadership, culture, support, and acknowledgement of work well done were asked of 40 registered nurses (RN) working in acute mental health units. Findings convey a mixed picture indicating variation across units. Three-quarters believe that senior nursing staff actively contribute to a positive working environment. Almost half of the RN nominated peers as the providers of counsel and support when required, and a similar percentage believed that senior nursing staff fulfil these roles. Of interviewees, 33% said their nursing achievements are never, or rarely, acknowledged. For these RN, management, peers, and nurse unit managers are the preferred personnel to provide appropriate positive feedback. Thus, there is a gap between the expectations and hopes that nurses have for senior management approaches and behaviours and the reality of their daily experience. Overall, the responses portray a culture that underpins and enables both subtle interpersonal interactions that might arise out of necessity given the perceived lack of support from non-hands-on RN and administrators. © 2012 The Authors. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing © 2012 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.

  12. National Education Trust Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapp, Milton J.

    1975-01-01

    A proposal from the governor of Pennsylvania for financing all levels of education through a National Education Trust Fund (NETF) that would operate as the present Federal Highway Trust Fund does on a revolving, self-liquidating basis with the cost of an individual's education repaid through a progressive education tax on income. (JT)

  13. New Funding Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Janet S.

    2002-01-01

    Describes five major developments that are changing the way schools are funded: Linking finance to achievement; changing demographics, such as fewer households with school-age children; teacher shortages, especially for certain fields and certain locations; funding technology; and school choice. (PKP)

  14. INVESTMENT FUNDS IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COPIL CRINA ANGELA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available I chose this topic because my goal was to capture in detail all aspects of the evolution of investment funds under the influence of factors leading to globalization of the banking financial market. Main motivation was that I proposed to present in an original manner the concept of investment in mutual funds by the thoroughness of the following points: the different types of investment funds from Romania, the advantages, the risks and the specific costs of the investment in mutual funds and the effects of the financial crisis on the industry of the investment funds on the national level. The financial crisis and the risk of infecting the global economy affected the taste of risk of the investors and their request for the investment fund, determining the orientation of the investors to the funds with a lower risk – the diversified funds, the funds of bonds and the monetary funds. I considered important the theoretical approach of the concept of investments in investment funds because they are a barometer of the macro economical stability, in case the economical increase is positive on the macro economical level the investments in investments funds are increasing too. In Romania the market of the mutual funds is at an incipient level, but with potential and perspectives of development. Due to the bankruptcy of FNI in the beginning of the years 2000 and due to the absence of a clear legislation regarding the calculation of the unitary value of the net asset and the control of the activity developed by the investment funds, the development of the industry of the investment funds had to fight against the crisis of credibility generated by these events. The convergence of the Romanian economy to the European standards will attract also a modification of the structure of the financial investments of the individuals, by an increase of the investments in funds. In the world the investment funds are preferred by the investors for their advantages

  15. Understaning the "funding effect"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oreskes, N.

    2016-12-01

    There is a long history of industry funding of scientific and engineering research in the USA. Much of this work has been of high quality. Research demonstrates, however, that corporate funding can represent a threat to scientific independence and integrity. Studies show that sponsors' interests can affect research results, particularly when sponsors have a strong interest in a particular research outcome. The effects may occur through the impact of subconscious bias on sampling, study design, data interpretation, and/or reporting of results. Corporate funding can also skew research toward investigating certain questions at the expense of others, downplaying the significance of adverse findings, and/or failing to report adverse results. Gifts can affect behavior, even when they are unrelated to research activities. These impacts that are so substantial that they have a name: "the funding effect."[i] Evidence shows that scientists who strive to be objective and fair-minded may nonetheless fall prey to the funding effect. In many cases, the challenges of corporate gifts and funding can be addressed through education and improved self-awareness, agreements that protect researchers' freedom to publish without sponsor approval, sensible disclosure policies, and reasonable sanctions for failures of disclosure. However, in some cases, it may be appropriate for researchers and scientific societies to decline funding.

  16. CERN Pension Fund move

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    The CERN Pension Fund has moved to new offices at the 5th floor of Building 5. The Benefits Service of the Fund will henceforth receive you in the offices: 5-5-017 - 5-5-021 - 5-5-023. We remind you that the office hours are: Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday from 10 am to 12 am and from 3 pm to 5 pm. The Fund would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all the persons involved in the Removal.

  17. MEDIA AND BRANDS : A study of Helsinki’s Brand Image Acknowledgement in Foreign Media

    OpenAIRE

    Biedma-Martinez, Irene

    2012-01-01

    This Bachelor’s study involves collaboration with Helsinki Tourism and Convention Bureau (HTCB) in regards to the brand image created in 2005 for the city of Helsinki and its recognition by the foreign media. Since no previous study of this characteristics have been performed for HTCB this thesis will provide useful information to HTCB in regards of Helsinki brand equity’s image acknowledgement, which will aid in the assessment of the current state of the brand and assist in its re-structurin...

  18. Implementation of Information Management System for Radiation Safety of Personnel at the Russian Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management 'SevRAO' - 13131

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chizhov, K.; Simakov, A.; Seregin, V.; Kudrin, I.; Shandala, N.; Tsovyanov, A.; Kryuchkov, V. [Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, RF Ministry of Health and Social Development. 46, Zhivopisnaya St., Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation); Krasnoschekov, A.; Kosnikov, A. [Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management ' SevRAO' - a branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise ' Enterprise for Radioactive Waste Management' ' RosRAO' 183017, Murmansk, Lobova st., 100 (Russian Federation); Kemsky, I. [Regional management - 120 of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency, 184682, Snezhnogorsk, Valentina Biryukova St., 5/1 (Russian Federation); Sneve, M. [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Postboks 55, 1332 Oesteraas (Norway)

    2013-07-01

    The report is an overview of the information-analytical system designed to assure radiation safety of workers. The system was implemented in the Northwest Radioactive Waste Management Center 'SevRAO' (which is a branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'Radioactive Waste Management Enterprise RosRAO'). The center is located in the Northwest Russia. In respect to 'SevRAO', the Federal Medical-Biological Agency is the regulatory body, which deals with issues of radiation control. The main document to regulate radiation control is 'Reference levels of radiation factors in radioactive wastes management center'. This document contains about 250 parameters. We have developed a software tool to simplify control of these parameters. The software includes: input interface, the database, dose calculating module and analytical block. Input interface is used to enter radiation environment data. Dose calculating module calculates the dose on the route. Analytical block optimizes and analyzes radiation situation maps. Much attention is paid to the GUI and graphical representation of results. The operator can enter the route at the industrial site or watch the fluctuations of the dose rate field on the map. Most of the results are presented in a visual form. Here we present some analytical tasks, such as comparison of the dose rate in some point with control levels at this point, to be solved for the purpose of radiation safety control. The program helps to identify points making the largest contribution to the collective dose of the personnel. The tool can automatically calculate the route with the lowest dose, compare and choose the best route. The program uses several options to visualize the radiation environment at the industrial site. This system will be useful for radiation monitoring services during the operation, planning of works and development of scenarios. The paper presents some applications of this system on real data

  19. Mutual aid fund commission

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    The composition of the Board of the Mutual Aid Fund for 2011 is as follows: President: Pascal Droux Vice-president: Connie Potter Treasurer: Louis Pereira Deputy treasurer: Barbara Brugger Secretary: Sonia Casenove Deputy secretary: Isabelle Mardirossian Members: Christopher David Thomas   Jean-Claude Vialis (GAC member)   Marie-Luce Falipou   Gunilla Santiard (Jean-Claude Vialis’s alternate) The role of the Fund is to provide financial help to members of personnel and beneficiaries of the Pension Fund who are in need of exceptional financial assistance. All requests are treated in the strictest confidence. Should you wish to apply for aid from the Fund, kindly contact any member of the Board as given above or Social Services, tel.74479 – 73867.

  20. Funding Ammunition Ports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    access private capital markets (e.g., borrow money or issue new equity to increase capacity). So, although DWCF providers have some of the...Army depots were almost entirely funded by working capital fund revenue derived from sales to customers. Some “Indicator 1” appropriations paid for... CRM D0020940.A2/Final, December 2009. Brauner, Marygail K., Ellen M. Pint, John R. Bondanella, Daniel A. Relles, and Paul Steinberg, Dollars and Sense

  1. P Ramachandra Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The well-organised multifunctional structures, systems and biogenic materials found in nature have attracted the interest of scientists working in many disciplines. The efforts have resulted in the development of a new and rapidly growing field of scientific effort called biomimetics. In this article we present a few natural ...

  2. Appaji Rao, Prof. Naropantul

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Naropantul Ph.D. (Rajasthan), FNA. Date of birth: 25 September 1934. Specialization: Enzyme Regulation and Inborn Errors of Metabolism Address: 9, Sharada Colony, Basaveshwara Nagar, Bengaluru 560 079, Karnataka Contact: Residence: (080) 2348 6560. Mobile: 96118 35935. Email: bcbcnar@gmail.com. YouTube ...

  3. Jagirdar, Prof. Balaji Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . Date of birth: 9 September 1965. Specialization: Organometallic Chemistry, Materials Chemistry, Catalysis Address: Department of Inorganic & Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka Contact:

  4. Rao, Prof. Ravi Achutha

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Specialization: Classical Algebraic K-Theory, Commutative Algebra, Linear Algebra Address: Professor H, School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, Maharashtra Contact: Office: (022) 2278 2470. Residence: (022) 2430 9827. Mobile: 98333 63678. Fax: (022) ...

  5. Rao, Prof. Maddali Nageswara

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    How to combat infectious diseases: The role of Science Academies · Academy Public Lecture and INSA–Leopoldina Lecture by Prof. Jörg Hacker, President, German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. 4 December, 2017, 4 PM Faculty Hall, Indian Institute ...

  6. G V Subba Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three Science Academies of India on the teaching of the theory of evolution more. ... Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and Outreach.

  7. PENSION FUND - ELECTIONS

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: RANJARD First Name: Florence Having been a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund since 1983 as Guy Maurin’s alternate, I am standing for a further 3-year term of office. Over the past few years work has concentrated essentially on following items: Monitoring of the work of the fund managers and their performances. The three-yearly study of the Fund’s actuarial situation. The pension guarantees ­ second phase. The Fund is approaching its maturity: the level of benefits exceeds contributions. In this context it has to strike a suitable balance between management of the risk from a dynamic investment policy, while by a prudent policy avoiding any significant loss of its capital. These will be my concerns within the Governing Board of the Pension Fund if you give me your support.

  8. Posttraumatic stress symptoms among Polish World War II survivors: the role of social acknowledgement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lis-Turlejska, Maja; Szumiał, Szymon; Drapała, Iwona

    2018-01-01

    Background : There is growing evidence of the important role played by socio-interpersonal variables on the maintenance of PTSD. Many World War II survivors in Poland could, as a result of political circumstances during the aftermath of the war, have experienced a lack of social recognition of their war-related trauma. Objective : The main aim of the study was to examine the association between perceived social reactions and the level of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSD) and depression. Method : Participants ( N  = 120) were aged 71-97 years ( M  = 82.44; SD  = 6.14). They completed a WWII trauma-related questionnaire, the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS), the Impact of Events Scale (IES) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). The Social Acknowledgement Questionnaire (SAQ) was used to measure participants' perception of others' acknowledgement and disapproval of their war trauma. Results : The rate of probable PTSD, diagnosed according to DSM-IV, was 38.3%. PTSD symptoms and General Disapproval were significantly correlated for all three PTSD symptom groups (Pearson's r ranged from .25 to .41). The structural equation modelling results also demonstrated the importance of General Disapproval with regard to the level of PTSD symptoms. It explained both the intensity of PTSD symptoms (13.4% of variance) and the level of depression (12.0% of variance). Conclusion : In addition to confirming the high rate of PTSD among WWII survivors in Poland, the results indicate the importance of social reactions to survivors' traumatic experiences.

  9. ABORt: Acknowledgement-Based Opportunistic Routing Protocol for High Data Rate Multichannel WSNs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamadoun Tall

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The ease of deployment and the auto-configuration capabilities of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs make them very attractive in different domains like environmental, home automation or heath care applications. The use of multichannel communications in WSNs helps to improve the overall performance of the network. However, in heavy traffic scenarios, routing protocols should be adapted to allow load balancing and to avoid losing data packets due to congestion and queue overflow. In this paper, we present an Acknowledgement-Based Opportunistic Routing (ABORt protocol designed for high data rate multichannel WSNs. It is a low overhead protocol that does not rely on synchronization for control traffic exchange during the operational phase of the network. ABORt is an opportunistic protocol that relies on link layer acknowledgements to disseminate routing metrics, which helps to reduce overhead. The performance of ABORt is evaluated using the Cooja simulator and the obtained results show that ABORt has a high packet delivery ratio with reduced packet end-to-end delay compared to two single channel routing protocols and two multichannel routing protocols that use number of hops and expected transmission count as routing metrics.

  10. Values in environmental research: Citizens' views of scientists who acknowledge values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Kevin C; McCright, Aaron M; Allen, Summer; Dietz, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Scientists who perform environmental research on policy-relevant topics face challenges when communicating about how values may have influenced their research. This study examines how citizens view scientists who publicly acknowledge values. Specifically, we investigate whether it matters: if citizens share or oppose a scientist's values, if a scientist's conclusions seem contrary to or consistent with the scientist's values, and if a scientist is assessing the state of the science or making a policy recommendation. We conducted two 3x2 factorial design online experiments. Experiment 1 featured a hypothetical scientist assessing the state of the science on the public-health effects of exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA), and Experiment 2 featured a scientist making a policy recommendation on use of BPA. We manipulated whether or not the scientist expressed values and whether the scientist's conclusion appeared contrary to or consistent with the scientist's values, and we accounted for whether or not subjects' values aligned with the scientist's values. We analyzed our data with ordinary least squares (OLS) regression techniques. Our results provide at least preliminary evidence that acknowledging values may reduce the perceived credibility of scientists within the general public, but this effect differs depending on whether scientists and citizens share values, whether scientists draw conclusions that run contrary to their values, and whether scientists make policy recommendations.

  11. Values in environmental research: Citizens’ views of scientists who acknowledge values

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCright, Aaron M.; Allen, Summer; Dietz, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Scientists who perform environmental research on policy-relevant topics face challenges when communicating about how values may have influenced their research. This study examines how citizens view scientists who publicly acknowledge values. Specifically, we investigate whether it matters: if citizens share or oppose a scientist’s values, if a scientist’s conclusions seem contrary to or consistent with the scientist’s values, and if a scientist is assessing the state of the science or making a policy recommendation. We conducted two 3x2 factorial design online experiments. Experiment 1 featured a hypothetical scientist assessing the state of the science on the public-health effects of exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA), and Experiment 2 featured a scientist making a policy recommendation on use of BPA. We manipulated whether or not the scientist expressed values and whether the scientist’s conclusion appeared contrary to or consistent with the scientist’s values, and we accounted for whether or not subjects’ values aligned with the scientist’s values. We analyzed our data with ordinary least squares (OLS) regression techniques. Our results provide at least preliminary evidence that acknowledging values may reduce the perceived credibility of scientists within the general public, but this effect differs depending on whether scientists and citizens share values, whether scientists draw conclusions that run contrary to their values, and whether scientists make policy recommendations. PMID:29069087

  12. 36 CFR 1206.90 - Must I acknowledge NHPRC grant support?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... grant support? 1206.90 Section 1206.90 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES NATIONAL HISTORICAL PUBLICATIONS AND RECORDS COMMISSION Grant Administration § 1206... assistance of the NHPRC grant and all copies paid for by grant funds must be distributed at a reasonable cost. ...

  13. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact with staff...

  14. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact ...

  15. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact with staf...

  16. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have always been interested in our working conditions. As a member of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association I participated from 1980 to 1984 in the Working Group on Pensions mandated by the CERN Council. This commitment led to my becoming a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund in 1983, since when I have taken an active part in various commissions and working groups (Real Estate Asset Management Committee, Working Group on Actuarial Matters etc.); in so doing I have gained a thorough knowledge of different areas of the Pension Fund. Since ...

  17. Innovative funding solution for special projects: Crowd funding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sentot Imam Wahjono

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine the influence of crowd funding knowledge, applica-tion, platform, and project initiator toward successful crowd funding. This study conducted by quantitative approach, data have been collected with web-based ques-tionnaires via Kickstarter.com direct message and e-mail to 200 successful crowd funding project initiators as a sample and as much 152 sets questionnaire returned by a complete answer and should be analyzed further. Deployment and data collection take 3 month from October to December 2013. This study found evidence that crowd funding knowledge, crowd funding application, crowd funding platform, and project initiator has positive and significant relationship toward the success of crowd funding. The implication from this research is crowd funding can be a source of capital to finance the projects, not just rely on traditional sources of financing just like banking and capital markets. Crowd funding can be innovative funding solution.

  18. The Growing Acknowledgement of Wrongful Conviction – The Australian Response Within an International Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynne Weathered

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The wrongful conviction of innocent people is being acknowledged in an increasing number of countries around the world. The problem of wrongful conviction is now framed as an international human rights issue. More attention is being given to whether criminal justice systems are providing sufficient measures for the effective review and rectification of wrongful convictions and whether international obligations in that regard are being met. England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Norway, Canada and the United States have substantial new mechanisms in place to better identify and correct wrongful convictions but Australia has been slower to respond. While some Australian states have introduced reforms such as DNA innocence testing and a new appeal avenue, many issues remain as highlighted in recent debates as to whether Australia should establish a Criminal Cases Review Commission.

  19. Pension Fund Governing Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Note The CERN pension scheme is based on the principle of defined benefits, so beneficiaries continue to receive the benefits to which they are entitled in accordance with the Rules of the Pension Fund. This means that pension entitlements under the Rules are not directly affected by the financial crisis and the current economic situation. However, the adjustment of pensions to the cost of living is not automatic and, under the method applied since 2006, must take into account the Fund’s financial position. Meeting of the Pension Fund Governing Board The Pension Fund Governing Board held its eighth meeting at ESO in Garching, Germany (near Munich) on 24 October 2008. Before starting its work, the Governing Board had the privilege of hearing an opening address by Professor Tim de Zeeuw, the Director General of ESO. Professor de Zeeuw described the mission of ESO and the ambitious projects of his organisation, which performs astronomy observations using telescopes located in...

  20. Pension Fund governing board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    On 16 March and 7 May, the Pension Fund Governing Board (PFGB) held its fourth and fifth meetings The first of these meetings was primarily dedicated to the examination of the strategic asset allocation. The PFGB reaffirmed the main goal of the new strategic asset allocation: to improve the Pension Fund’s position with regard to risk by lowering overall portfolio volatility through suitable investments in less volatile asset classes such as real estate and absolute return strategies, where the return does not depend on market trends and negative growth is extremely unlikely. The finalised document will be presented to the Finance Committee and the Council at their June meetings for approval, in accordance with the provisions of the Levaux report. The PFGB also took note of the Internal Audit’s report on Pension Fund operations and decided to refer it to Working Group I as a working document for establishing a control and internal monitoring system for Pension Fund oper...

  1. Funding Research Software Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momcheva, Ivelina G.

    2017-01-01

    Astronomical software is used by each and every member of our scientific community. Purpose-build software is becoming ever more critical as we enter the regime of large datasets and simulations of increasing complexity. However, financial investments in building, maintaining and renovating the software infrastructure have been uneven. In this talk I will summarize past and current funding sources for astronomical software development, discuss other models of funding and introduce a new initiative for supporting community software at STScI. The purpose of this talk is to prompt discussion about how we allocate resources to this vital infrastructure.

  2. Funding strategies for wilderness management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carolyn Alkire

    2000-01-01

    Funding wilderness protection will continue to be a challenge for public land managers. With continuing competition for federal funds and balanced budget goals, other sources of funds may be necessary to supplement annual federal appropriations. This paper identifies and evaluates five potential funding strategies and provides examples of each that are currently in use...

  3. An Introduction to Hedge Funds

    OpenAIRE

    Sovan Mitra

    2009-01-01

    This report was originally written as an industry white paper on Hedge Funds. This paper gives an overview to Hedge Funds, with a focus on risk management issues. We define and explain the general characteristics of Hedge Funds, their main investment strategies and the risk models employed. We address the problems in Hedge Fund modelling, survey current Hedge Funds available on the market and those that have been withdrawn. Finally, we summarise the supporting and opposing arguments for Hedge...

  4. Three Essays on Hedge Funds

    OpenAIRE

    Slavutskaya, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three stand-alone research papers on hedge funds. The research papers are organized into three chapters. The first chapter focuses on the role of social ties among hedge fund managers in the managers’ investment decisions. The second chapter utilizes biographical information on hedge fund managers to disentangle abnormal performance tied to the hedge fund and the individual hedge fund manager. The third chapter studies the realized performance of different types ...

  5. Employment funding under review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    In February 1998, the Vietnam Women's Union (VWU) hosted a conference to review experience with the National Employment Program (NEP) that was instituted in 1993 to fund projects that create jobs. The 1.5 billion VND in funding distributed by the VWU that year has increased to 21 billion VND in 1997 and has supported 559 projects in 61 provinces and cities, creating 139,162 jobs. The 14 mountainous provinces have benefitted from 140 projects implemented with 4 billion VND in loans to ethnic minorities. In one case, a revolving loan fund of 100 million VND recovered most of the principle loaned as well as 54 million VND in interest. In another, investment of 70 million VND generated 48 million VND in income in a single year. The availability of the loans has allowed families to rise from chronic poverty as women have generated employment and income for their families. In order to expand, however, the program needs more funding and more cooperation from the State Treasury, and VWU members need training in order to be able to manage large projects.

  6. PCT funding. Beggars belief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacking, John

    2003-04-10

    At the pace of change set for implementing the new PCT funding formula over the next three years, it will take more than 20 years to achieve equity. If the minimum increases were set lower it would largely be achieved within five years. The current state of affairs perpetuates the north-south health divide.

  7. Liberty to decide on dual use biomedical research: an acknowledged necessity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keuleyan, Emma

    2010-03-01

    Humanity entered the twenty-first century with revolutionary achievements in biomedical research. At the same time multiple "dual-use" results have been published. The battle against infectious diseases is meeting new challenges, with newly emerging and re-emerging infections. Both natural disaster epidemics, such as SARS, avian influenza, haemorrhagic fevers, XDR and MDR tuberculosis and many others, and the possibility of intentional mis-use, such as letters containing anthrax spores in USA, 2001, have raised awareness of the real threats. Many great men, including Goethe, Spinoza, J.B. Shaw, Fr. Engels, J.F. Kennedy and others, have recognized that liberty is also a responsibility. That is why the liberty to decide now represents an acknowledged necessity: biomedical research should be supported, conducted and published with appropriate measures to prevent potential "dual use". Biomedical scientists should work according to the ethical principles of their Code of Conduct, an analogue of Hippocrates Oath of doctors; and they should inform government, society and their juniors about the problem. National science consulting boards of experts should be created to prepare guidelines and control the problem at state level. An international board should develop minimum standards to be applicable by each country. Bio-preparedness is considered another key-measure.

  8. Pension Fund award

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    The CERN Pension Fund won the Investments & Pensions Europe (IPE) 2013 Gold Award in the Medium Real-Estate Investor category. IPE is the leading European publication on the subject of pensions. The awards were judged by a panel of 22 members, which included leading European investment consultants and pension fund executives.     Théodore Economou (left), the CERN Pension Fund’s Chief Executive Officer, receives the IPE 2013 Gold Award.   The award recognised the “fresh thinking” behind the CERN Pension Fund’s updated real-estate strategy, which has brought it “focus” on “high-quality assets and diversification.” The jury also noted the Fund’s “streamlined and cost-efficient” management, and noted that CERN is “running a tight ship”. While the awards are given by a European institution, they have a worldwide scope, and winners in ot...

  9. Kryolize - KT Fund Project

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    Safety standards and best practices do exist in the field of cryogenics but, as in most domains, they are generally inserted in a few ‘envelope’ cases commonly used in the industry, whereas applicability to the particularity of research facilities are not fully tailored to its needs. The main objective in these cases is to find a harmonised approach, based on lessons learnt and scientific knowledge. The Kryolize Project was created in order to produce tools with a harmonized approach to size pressure relief devices for cryogenic applications. In view of disseminating such tools to other institutes and industrial partners, the project was submitted to CERN’s KT Fund committee. This talk will focus on the process and deliverables of the KT-Funded Kryolize project, including the method on how to cope with the sizing of pressure relief devices and the R&D collaboration agreement between CERN and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology for an experimental programme.

  10. A cause worth funding

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    Germany is considering giving a fully functioning synchrotron radiation source for use by scientists in the Middle East. It will be the focus of a broader centre for research excellence for scientists from that region and the rest of the world. The proposal however needs substantial funding, potential backers include the EU, the US government as well as states within the Middle East. The issue will be discussed at the World Conference on Science in Budapest (1/2 page).

  11. Assessment of cognition using the Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests on a group of Brazilian patients with multiple sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Bruno Bidin Brooks

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available To assess the cognition of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS using the Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests (BRB-N. METHOD: BRB-N was translated and adapted for control subjects. Subsequently, it was applied to a group of patients with relapsing-remitting (RR MS. RESULTS: The assessment on the healthy controls (n=47 showed that the correlation between tests on the same cognitive domain was high and that there was a five-factor solution that explained 90% of the total variance. Except for the Word List Generation subset of tests, the performance of patients with RRMS (n=39 was worse than that of the healthy controls. CONCLUSION: BRB-N is a relatively simple method to assess cognition of patients with MS in the daily clinic. It does not take long to apply and does not require special skills or equipment.

  12. The Fisher-information-based uncertainty relation, Cramer-Rao inequality and kinetic energy for the D-dimensional central problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dehesa, J S [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Granada, 18071-Granada (Spain); Gonzalez-Ferez, R [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Granada, 18071-Granada (Spain); Sanchez-Moreno, P [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Granada, 18071-Granada (Spain)

    2007-02-23

    The inequality >= (l+1/2){sup 2}, with L being the grand orbital quantum number, and its conjugate relation for ((r{sup 2}) (p{sup -2})) are shown to be fulfilled in the D-dimensional central problem. Their use has allowed us to improve the Fisher-information-based uncertainty relation (I{sub {rho}}I{sub {gamma}}{>=} const) and the Cramer-Rao inequalities ((r{sup 2})I{sub {rho}} {>=} D{sup 2}; (p{sup 2})I{sub {gamma}} {>=} D{sup 2}). In addition, the kinetic energy and the radial expectation value (r{sup 2}) are shown to be bounded from below by the Fisher information in position and momentum spaces, denoted by I{sub {rho}} and I{sub {gamma}}, respectively.

  13. Pension Fund Governing Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Note The CERN pension scheme is based on the principle of defined benefits, so beneficiaries continue to receive the benefits to which they are entitled in accordance with the Rules of the Pension Fund. This means that pension entitlements under the Rules are not directly affected by the financial crisis and the current economic situation. However, the adjustment of pensions to the cost of living is not automatic and, under the method applied since 2006, must take into account the Fund’s financial position. Meeting of the Pension Fund Governing Board The Pension Fund Governing Board held its eighth meeting at ESO in Garching (near Munich), Germany on 24 October 2008. Before starting its work, the Governing Board had the privilege of hearing an opening address by Professor Tim de Zeeuw, the Director General of ESO. Professor de Zeeuw described the mission of ESO and the ambitious projects of his organisation, which performs astronomy observations using telescopes located in Chile. The Director-General receiv...

  14. PENSION FUND - ELECTIONS

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: MAURIN First Name: Guy I have been a member of the personnel since 1967 and as early as 1972 I was involved, in my capacity as President of the Staff Association, in the improvement of the Pension Fund benefits. As for most of us the Pension Fund is the only social provident scheme to which we belong, it is important to ensure that it is well managed and in balance. As a member of the Governing Board since 1974 and Vice-Chairman of this Board since 1977, I have continued to pursue these objectives. One of the main responsibilities of the Governing Board is our asset investment policy. The Investment Committee, of which I am Chairman, must have an overall view of the management of our 4 billion Swiss francs and seek the best yield with minimum risk. The investment structure must continuously be adapted i...

  15. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign expendit......This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...... expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can...

  16. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia used a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  17. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia uses a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  18. Mutual Fund Performances of Polish Domestic Equity Fund Managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ömer faruk tan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: The main purpose of the paper is empirically evaluating selectivity skills and market timing ability of Polish fund managers during the period from January 2009 to November 2014. After the global financial crisis of 2008, in this period of quantitative easing (QE, thanks to an increase in the money supply, a capital flow from developed countries to developing countries was observed. In this study, we try to analyse that although the financial market in Poland made an incredible progress, whether fund managers show better or worse performance than the market. Methodology/Methods: In order to evaluate fund manager performances, Jensen alpha (1968 is computed, which depicts selectivity skills of fund managers. For determining market timing ability of fund managers, Treynor & Mazuy (1966 regression analysis and Henriksson & Merton (1981 regression analysis are applied. Fund performances are evaluated using Warsaw Stock Exchange Index as the benchmark index. Scientific aim: In this study, we have tried to evaluate selectivity skills and market timing ability of Polish fund managers. A total of 14 equity fund managers’ performances are analysed. The study can be guiding especially for investors who are interested in Polish equity fund performances in a period where emerging stock markets outperformed with quantitative easing. Findings: Jensen (1968 alphas indicate that over this period fund managers did not have selective ability, as none of the 14 funds had statistically significant positive alphas. Furthermore, Treynor & Mazuy (1966 and Henriksson & Merton (1981 regression analysis indicate that over the same period fund managers did not also have market timing ability, as again none of the 14 funds had statistically significant positive coefficients. Conclusions: In this work, we can detect that in the era of quantitative easing, although the financial market in Poland made an incredible progress, the fund returns were

  19. Moral and social reasons to acknowledge the use of cognitive enhancers in competitive-selective contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garasic, Mirko D; Lavazza, Andrea

    2016-03-29

    Although some of the most radical hypothesis related to the practical implementations of human enhancement have yet to become even close to reality, the use of cognitive enhancers is a very tangible phenomenon occurring with increasing popularity in university campuses as well as in other contexts. It is now well documented that the use of cognitive enhancers is not only increasingly common in Western countries, but also gradually accepted as a normal procedure by the media as well. In fact, its implementation is not unusual in various professional contexts and it has its peak in colleges (where the trend has been characterized as "academic doping"). Even when certain restrictions in the legislation of a country are indeed in place (i.e. through prescriptions requirements), they are without doubts easy to overcome. The legitimacy and appropriateness of such restrictions will not be the focus of our investigation. Our concern is instead related to the moral and social reasons to publicly acknowledge the use of cognitive enhancers in competitive-selective contexts. These reasons are linked to a more neutral analysis of contemporary Western society: it is a fact that an increasing number of competitive-selective contexts have a substantial number of contenders using cognitive enhancers. Through the use of five explicative examples, in this paper we want to analyse the problems related to its use. In particular, it will be our aim to show the tension between one of the main argument used by bio-liberals (the use of cognitive enhancers is an eligible procedure that society does not impose on anyone) and the actual implementation of the drugs in competitive, or semi-competitive contexts.

  20. Property fund flows and returns

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Stephen L.

    2000-01-01

    This study is concerned with the impacts on property returns from property fund flows, and with the possibility of a reverse transmission from property fund flows to property returns. In other words this study investigates whether property returns “cause” fund flow changes, or whether fund flow changes “cause” property returns, or causality works in both directions.\\ud \\ud \\ud \\ud

  1. Investible benchmarks & hedge fund liquidity

    OpenAIRE

    Freed, Marc S; McMillan, Ben

    2011-01-01

    A lack of commonly accepted benchmarks for hedge fund performance has permitted hedge fund managers to attribute to skill returns that may actually accrue from market risk factors and illiquidity. Recent innovations in hedge fund replication permits us to estimate the extent of this misattribution. Using an option-based model, we find evidence that the value of liquidity options that investors implicitly grant managers when they invest may account for part or even all hedge fund returns. C...

  2. Inner Circles and Outer Reaches: Local and Global Information-Seeking Habits of Authors in Acknowledgment Paratext

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desrochers, Nadine; Pecoskie, Jen

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This research investigates paratextual acknowledgements in published codices in order to study how relationships inform the information-seeking habits of authors, an understudied group in library and information science. Method: A purposive sample consisting of the books from the 2010 nominations list of the Canadian Governor…

  3. Acknowledging individual responsibility while emphasizing social determinants in narratives to promote obesity-reducing public policy: a randomized experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederdeppe, Jeff; Roh, Sungjong; Shapiro, Michael A

    2015-01-01

    This study tests whether policy narratives designed to increase support for obesity-reducing public policies should explicitly acknowledge individual responsibility while emphasizing social, physical, and economic (social) determinants of obesity. We use a web-based, randomized experiment with a nationally representative sample of American adults (n = 718) to test hypotheses derived from theory and research on narrative persuasion. Respondents exposed to narratives that acknowledged individual responsibility while emphasizing obesity's social determinants were less likely to engage in counterargument and felt more empathy for the story's main character than those exposed to a message that did not acknowledge individual responsibility. Counterarguing and affective empathy fully mediated the relationship between message condition and support for policies to reduce rates of obesity. Failure to acknowledge individual responsibility in narratives emphasizing social determinants of obesity may undermine the persuasiveness of policy narratives. Omitting information about individual responsibility, a strongly-held American value, invites the public to engage in counterargument about the narratives and reduces feelings of empathy for a character that experiences the challenges and benefits of social determinants of obesity.

  4. Acknowledging individual responsibility while emphasizing social determinants in narratives to promote obesity-reducing public policy: a randomized experiment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff Niederdeppe

    Full Text Available This study tests whether policy narratives designed to increase support for obesity-reducing public policies should explicitly acknowledge individual responsibility while emphasizing social, physical, and economic (social determinants of obesity. We use a web-based, randomized experiment with a nationally representative sample of American adults (n = 718 to test hypotheses derived from theory and research on narrative persuasion. Respondents exposed to narratives that acknowledged individual responsibility while emphasizing obesity's social determinants were less likely to engage in counterargument and felt more empathy for the story's main character than those exposed to a message that did not acknowledge individual responsibility. Counterarguing and affective empathy fully mediated the relationship between message condition and support for policies to reduce rates of obesity. Failure to acknowledge individual responsibility in narratives emphasizing social determinants of obesity may undermine the persuasiveness of policy narratives. Omitting information about individual responsibility, a strongly-held American value, invites the public to engage in counterargument about the narratives and reduces feelings of empathy for a character that experiences the challenges and benefits of social determinants of obesity.

  5. 10 CFR 727.5 - What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... information on DOE computers? 727.5 Section 727.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONSENT FOR ACCESS TO INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPUTERS § 727.5 What acknowledgment and consent is required for access to information on DOE computers? An individual may not be granted access to information on a DOE...

  6. 47 CFR 80.1121 - Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by ship stations and ship earth stations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... by ship stations and ship earth stations. 80.1121 Section 80.1121 Telecommunication FEDERAL... § 80.1121 Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by ship stations and ship earth stations. (a) Ship or ship earth stations that receive a distress alert must, as soon as possible, inform the master...

  7. 47 CFR 80.1119 - Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... by coast stations and coast earth stations. 80.1119 Section 80.1119 Telecommunication FEDERAL... § 80.1119 Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations. (a... for coast stations.) (b) Coast earth stations in receipt of distress alerts must ensure that they are...

  8. Posttraumatic growth, social acknowledgment as survivors, and sense of coherence in former German child soldiers of World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forstmeier, Simon; Kuwert, Philipp; Spitzer, Carsten; Freyberger, Harald J; Maercker, Andreas

    2009-12-01

    To examine posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its predictors social acknowledgment as survivors, sense of coherence (SOC), trauma severity, and further factors in former child soldiers more than 60 years after deployment. Cross-sectional. University-based geropsychiatric center in Germany. One hundred three former German child soldiers of World War II, mean age 78 years in which 96% experienced at least one war trauma. Subjects completed the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Social Acknowledgment Questionnaire (SAQ), and SOC Scale. Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were assessed by the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale. Depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed using the Brief Symptom Inventory. Number of traumas, recognition by significant others, and general disapproval as facets of social acknowledgment as a survivor, and meaningfulness as a dimension of SOC correlated significantly with PTG. In a multiple hierarchical regression analysis, recognition as a survivor by significant others (SAQ) and meaningfulness (SOC) remained the only significant predictors of PTG. Social acknowledgment as a survivor by significant others and the belief that the world is meaningful are among the most important factors contributing to PTG. Further research should investigate whether treatments of PTSD in people who experienced war traumas recently or many years ago might benefit from a focus on the belief system and the role of family and social support.

  9. Effects of Acknowledging Uncertainty about Earthquake Risk Estimates on San Francisco Bay Area Residents' Beliefs, Attitudes, and Intentions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayachi, Kazuya; B Johnson, Branden; Koketsu, Kazuki

    2017-08-29

    We test here the risk communication proposition that explicit expert acknowledgment of uncertainty in risk estimates can enhance trust and other reactions. We manipulated such a scientific uncertainty message, accompanied by probabilities (20%, 70%, implicit ["will occur"] 100%) and time periods (10 or 30 years) in major (≥magnitude 8) earthquake risk estimates to test potential effects on residents potentially affected by seismic activity on the San Andreas fault in the San Francisco Bay Area (n = 750). The uncertainty acknowledgment increased belief that these specific experts were more honest and open, and led to statistically (but not substantively) significant increases in trust in seismic experts generally only for the 20% probability (vs. certainty) and shorter versus longer time period. The acknowledgment did not change judged risk, preparedness intentions, or mitigation policy support. Probability effects independent of the explicit admission of expert uncertainty were also insignificant except for judged risk, which rose or fell slightly depending upon the measure of judged risk used. Overall, both qualitative expressions of uncertainty and quantitative probabilities had limited effects on public reaction. These results imply that both theoretical arguments for positive effects, and practitioners' potential concerns for negative effects, of uncertainty expression may have been overblown. There may be good reasons to still acknowledge experts' uncertainties, but those merit separate justification and their own empirical tests. © 2017 Society for Risk Analysis.

  10. Code-Switching to Know a TL Equivalent of an L1 Word: Request-Provision-Acknowledgement (RPA) Sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucero, Edgar

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the learner's use of Code-switching to learn the TL (Target Language) equivalent of an L1 word. The interactional pattern that this situation creates defines the Request-Provision-Acknowledgement (RPA) sequence. The article explains each of the turns of the sequence under the combination of the Ethnomethodological…

  11. Fully Funding Pre-K through K-12 Funding Formulas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, W. Steven; Kasmin, Richard

    2018-01-01

    Pre-K is widely acknowledged to be a sound public investment. When their pre-K programs are of high quality, disadvantaged children see particularly large benefits--higher test scores, less need for grade repetition and special education, and increased educational attainment. Yet high-quality programs are in short supply. State boards of education…

  12. Risk analytics for hedge funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pareek, Ankur

    2005-05-01

    The rapid growth of the hedge fund industry presents significant business opportunity for the institutional investors particularly in the form of portfolio diversification. To facilitate this, there is a need to develop a new set of risk analytics for investments consisting of hedge funds, with the ultimate aim to create transparency in risk measurement without compromising the proprietary investment strategies of hedge funds. As well documented in the literature, use of dynamic options like strategies by most of the hedge funds make their returns highly non-normal with fat tails and high kurtosis, thus rendering Value at Risk (VaR) and other mean-variance analysis methods unsuitable for hedge fund risk quantification. This paper looks at some unique concerns for hedge fund risk management and will particularly concentrate on two approaches from physical world to model the non-linearities and dynamic correlations in hedge fund portfolio returns: Self Organizing Criticality (SOC) and Random Matrix Theory (RMT).Random Matrix Theory analyzes correlation matrix between different hedge fund styles and filters random noise from genuine correlations arising from interactions within the system. As seen in the results of portfolio risk analysis, it leads to a better portfolio risk forecastability and thus to optimum allocation of resources to different hedge fund styles. The results also prove the efficacy of self-organized criticality and implied portfolio correlation as a tool for risk management and style selection for portfolios of hedge funds, being particularly effective during non-linear market crashes.

  13. Fund Raising for Haiti

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, Following the devastating earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010, the CERN Management and the Staff Association are organizing a collection to help the victims. The money collected will be transferred to associations or bodies guaranteeing proper use of the funds, such as the Association Haïti Ecoles based in Cessy, which our Long Term Collections supported for several years. From today you can pay your donations into a special UBS account, indicating “Séisme Haïti” as the reason for payment . SWIFT : UBSWCHZH12B IBAN : CH85 0027 9279 HU10 6832 1 Account Holder : Association du personnel du CERN We are counting on the generosity of the CERN community to support the Haitian people at this very difficult time. Thank you on their behalf. Rolf Heuer Director-General Gianni Deroma President of the Staff Association

  14. Pension funds investments in hedge funds-a necessary regulation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daniela Gaftoniuc

    2010-01-01

    When it comes to investment strategies, generally, pension funds have proved to be conservative investors with a long term approach on investments and constant preoccupation for asset diversification...

  15. Acknowledge the Barriers to Better the Practices: Support for Student Mental Health in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lucia DiPlacito-DeRango

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite marked improvements, intervention for students with a mental health problem or illness in Canadian higher education settings remains not yet successful, mature, or sustainable. A number of challenges have been identified as contributory to the shortcomings surrounding student mental health in colleges and universities. In this paper, I explore some of the more common barriers that currently limit the development, implementation, and sustainability of student mental health support practices. The barriers of focus include, prevailing stigma and stereotypes, underdeveloped policies, and minimal opportunities for professional development and training. I specifically highlight how these barriers frame the challenges for teaching faculty and academic staff in promoting or supporting student mental health and well-being. Following an identification and discussion of barriers, I offer suggestions on how they can be overcome, or at the very least minimized, and what this would mean for teaching and learning in relation to post-secondary student mental health. For example, in an attempt to clarify current policies surrounding mental health, I suggest and explore how institutions can assign particular individuals (i.e., a designated “task force” as responsible for the development, implementation, and evaluation of mental health policies. Ultimately, the first step to better mental health support practices is to acknowledge how they are challenged. Malgré de nettes améliorations, l’intervention pour les étudiants qui souffrent de problèmes de santé mentale ou de maladie mentale dans les établissements d’enseignement supérieur canadiens continue à ne pas être efficace, mature ou durable. Un certain nombre de défis ont été identifiés comme facteurs qui contribuent aux faiblesses en ce qui concerne la santé mentale des étudiants dans les collèges et les universités. Dans cet article, j’explore certains des obstacles les plus

  16. The Impact of Finance and Funding on Technology Adoption in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Allam B. Ahmed

    2005-01-01

    Although Sudan is a predominately agricultural economy, crop productivity is extremely low and does not exceed 30% of the level attained in research farms. Even though most farmers acknowledge the great benefits of technologies provided by research and academic institutions, they argue that most of these technologies are very expensive to adopt, and there is no source of funds to adopt them even if they were not expensive in the first place. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to address the ...

  17. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS AND SPONSORS Acknowledgements and sponsors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    6th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry www.IC3DDose.org Edited by Mark Oldham Assisted by Joseph R. Newton Academic Sponsors: American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) South Eastern Chapter of the AAPM (SEAAPM) The Duke Medical Physics Graduate Program The Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center Scientific Organizing Committee: Sven Back (Sweden), Clive Baldock (Australia), Cheng-Shie Wuu (USA), Yves De Deene (Belgium), Simon Doran (UK), Geoffrey Ibbott (USA), Andrew Jirasek (Canada - President), Kevin Jordan (Canada), Martin Lepage (Canada), Thomas Maris (Greece), Mark Oldham (USA - Chair), Evangelos Pappas (Greece), John Schreiner (Canada) Local Organizing Committee: Mark Oldham, Carolyn Crank, Joseph Newton, Andrew Thomas, Matthew DeLorenzo, Fang-Fang Yin, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA Conference photograph Conference photograph. Sponsor's logos Sponsor's logos

  18. Venture Capital Funds: Theoretical Aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Jurevičienė, Daiva; Martinkutė, Aistė

    2013-01-01

    The article deals with the form of corporate financing, which is becoming more popular yet is still underused, i.e. venture capital funds as well as their peculiarities and the procedure for attracting investments into a company. The paper summarises the main advantages and disadvantages of venture capital funds as well as their relation with national economic development. It analyses venture capital funds operating in Lithuania, investment strategies and dynamics. Additionally, it overviews ...

  19. How funding structures for HIV/AIDS research shape outputs and utilization: a Swiss case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frey Kathrin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research policy in the field of HIV has changed substantially in recent decades in Switzerland. Until 2004, social science research on HIV/AIDS was funded by specialized funding agencies. After 2004, funding of such research was “normalized” and integrated into the Swiss National Science Foundation as the main funding agency for scientific research in Switzerland. This paper offers a longitudinal analysis of the relationship between the changing nature of funding structures on the one hand and the production and communication of policy-relevant scientific knowledge in the field of HIV on the other hand. Methods The analysis relies on an inventory of all social sciences research projects on HIV in Switzerland that were funded between 1987 and 2010, including topics covered and disciplines involved, as well as financial data. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 stakeholders. Results The analysis highlights that the pre-2004 funding policy ensured good coverage of important social science research themes. Specific incentives and explicit promotion of social science research related to HIV gave rise to a multidisciplinary, integrative and health-oriented approach. The abolition of a specific funding policy in 2004 was paralleled by a drastic reduction in the number of social science research projects submitted for funding, and a decline of public money dedicated to such research. Although the public administration in charge of HIV policy still acknowledges the relevance of findings from social sciences for the development of prevention, treatment and care, HIV-related social science research does not flourish under current funding conditions. Conclusions The Swiss experience sheds light on the difficulties of sustaining social science research and multidisciplinary approaches related to HIV without specialized funding agencies. Future funding policy might not necessarily require specialized agencies, but

  20. How funding structures for HIV/AIDS research shape outputs and utilization: a Swiss case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Research policy in the field of HIV has changed substantially in recent decades in Switzerland. Until 2004, social science research on HIV/AIDS was funded by specialized funding agencies. After 2004, funding of such research was “normalized” and integrated into the Swiss National Science Foundation as the main funding agency for scientific research in Switzerland. This paper offers a longitudinal analysis of the relationship between the changing nature of funding structures on the one hand and the production and communication of policy-relevant scientific knowledge in the field of HIV on the other hand. Methods The analysis relies on an inventory of all social sciences research projects on HIV in Switzerland that were funded between 1987 and 2010, including topics covered and disciplines involved, as well as financial data. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 stakeholders. Results The analysis highlights that the pre-2004 funding policy ensured good coverage of important social science research themes. Specific incentives and explicit promotion of social science research related to HIV gave rise to a multidisciplinary, integrative and health-oriented approach. The abolition of a specific funding policy in 2004 was paralleled by a drastic reduction in the number of social science research projects submitted for funding, and a decline of public money dedicated to such research. Although the public administration in charge of HIV policy still acknowledges the relevance of findings from social sciences for the development of prevention, treatment and care, HIV-related social science research does not flourish under current funding conditions. Conclusions The Swiss experience sheds light on the difficulties of sustaining social science research and multidisciplinary approaches related to HIV without specialized funding agencies. Future funding policy might not necessarily require specialized agencies, but should better take into

  1. Vulnerability of pension fund balances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ólafur Ísleifsson

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Although the Icelandic general labour market pension funds are built on the proviso that pension schemes are fully funded these funds are still grappling with the devastating financial effects of the 2008 economic collapse that rendered most of them in a significant actuarial deficit. The public sector pension funds are based on an employer guarantee that makes up for any lack of funding that historically has been quite significant. We identify the relatively high actuarial discount rate and increasing longevity as two factors that add to the vulnerability of the Icelandic pension system. We present a stochastic model in order to obtain reasonably sound estimates of the effect of revising such key parameters of the actuarial assessments of the pension funds and thus obtain a view of the viability of the Icelandic pension system when confronted with the potential necessity of such parameter shifts. We present results of stochastic simulations of this models made to assess effects of changes in these major financial and demographic assumptions in actuarial evaluations of pension fund balances. Our results suggest that the Icelandic pension funds may be significantly less well funded than is generally perceived.

  2. Administration of Contracts Funded by the Development Fund for Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-30

    works and water • security and justice • transportation and communications Project Management Office . The CPA was the authority responsible for the...Administration of Development Fund for Iraq (DFI)-Funded Contracts” for the Director, Project Management Office on June 15, 2004. That memorandum is shown

  3. KT Fund: Five years of funding for impact

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2015-01-01

    Cryogenic safety, ion beam therapy, event management for communities, emergency lighting… this year’s applications for funding through the Knowledge Transfer Fund demonstrate the breadth of possible applications of CERN technology beyond high-energy physics.     The use of high index glass spherical targets as retroreflectors for a 3D interferometer is the subject of one of the 2015 KT Fund Projects.   Following the 2015 selection committee held in January, the KT Fund has funded a total of seven new projects that aim to further develop CERN technologies to a level where they can be transferred and subsequently make a positive impact on society. “CERN’s ambitious scientific programme requires state-of-the-art technologies that are not always directly reusable by society because they were not designed with this purpose in mind,” explains David Mazur, Section Leader of the IP Dissemination Section. “Since 2011, the KT...

  4. Comprehensive analysis of the Cramer–Rao bounds for magnetic resonance temperature change measurement in fat–water voxels using multi-echo imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, Cory; Soher, Brian J.; Arunachalam, Kavitha; MacFall, James

    2012-01-01

    Object The aim of this paper is to characterize the noise propagation for MRI temperature change measurement with emphasis on finding the best echo time combinations that yield the lowest temperature noise. Materials and methods A Cramer–Rao lower-bound (CRLB) calculation was used to estimate the temperature noise for a model of the MR signal in fat–water voxels. The temperature noise CRLB was then used to find a set of echo times that gave the lowest temperature change noise for a range of fat–water frequency differences, temperature changes, fat/water signal ratios, and T2* values. CRLB estimates were verified by Monte Carlo simulation and in phantoms using images acquired in a 1.5 T magnet. Results Results show that regions exist where the CRLB predicts minimal temperature variation as a function of the other variables. The results also indicate that the CRLB values calculated in this paper provide excellent guidance for predicting the variation of temperature measurements due to changes in the signal parameters. For three echo scans, the best noise characteristics are seen for TE values of 20.71, 23.71, and 26.71 ms. Results for five and seven echo scans are also presented in the text. Conclusion The results present a comprehensive analysis of the effects of different scan parameters on temperature noise, potentially benefiting the selection of scan parameters for clinical MRI thermometry. PMID:21442434

  5. Derivation of the Cramér-Rao Bound in the GNSS-Reflectometry Context for Static, Ground-Based Receivers in Scenarios with Coherent Reflection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribot, Miguel Angel; Botteron, Cyril; Farine, Pierre-André

    2016-12-05

    The use of the reflected Global Navigation Satellite Systems' (GNSS) signals in Earth observation applications, referred to as GNSS reflectometry (GNSS-R), has been already studied for more than two decades. However, the estimation precision that can be achieved by GNSS-R sensors in some particular scenarios is still not fully understood yet. In an effort to partially fill this gap, in this paper, we compute the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) for the specific case of static ground-based GNSS-R receivers and scenarios where the coherent component of the reflected signal is dominant. We compute the CRB for GNSS signals with different modulations, GPS L1 C/A and GPS L5 I/Q, which use binary phase-shift keying, and Galileo E1 B/C and E5, using the binary offset carrier. The CRB for these signals is evaluated as a function of the receiver bandwidth and different scenario parameters, such as the height of the receiver or the properties of the reflection surface. The CRB computation presented considers observation times of up to several tens of seconds, in which the satellite elevation angle observed changes significantly. Finally, the results obtained show the theoretical benefit of using modern GNSS signals with GNSS-R techniques using long observation times, such as the interference pattern technique.

  6. Radiological protection regulation during spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management in the western branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'SevRAO'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simakov, A V; Sneve, M K; Abramov, Yu V; Kochetkov, O A; Smith, G M; Tsovianov, A G; Romanov, V V

    2008-12-01

    The site of temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste, situated at Andreeva Bay in Northwest Russia, was developed in the 1960s, and it has carried out receipt and storage of fresh and spent nuclear fuel, and solid and liquid radioactive waste generated during the operation of nuclear submarines and nuclear-powered icebreakers. The site is now operated as the western branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise, SevRAO. In the course of operation over several decades, the containment barriers in the Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste storage facilities partially lost their containment effectiveness, so workshop facilities and parts of the site became contaminated with radioactive substances. This paper describes work being undertaken to provide an updated regulatory basis for the protection of workers during especially hazardous remediation activities, necessary because of the unusual radiation conditions at the site. It describes the results of recent survey work carried out by the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre, within a programme of regulatory cooperation between the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority and the Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia. The survey work and subsequent analyses have contributed to the development of special regulations setting out radiological protection requirements for operations planned at the site. Within these requirements, and taking account of a variety of other factors, a continuing need arises for the implementation of optimisation of remediation at Andreeva Bay.

  7. Carrier and Clock Recovery in (Turbo-Coded Systems: Cramér-Rao Bound and Synchronizer Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Moeneclaey

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we derive the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB for joint carrier phase, carrier frequency, and timing estimation from a noisy linearly modulated signal with encoded data symbols. We obtain a closed-form expression for the CRB in terms of the marginal a posteriori probabilities of the coded symbols, allowing efficient numerical evaluation of the CRB for a wide range of coded systems by means of the BCJR algorithm. Simulation results are presented for a rate 1/2 turbo code combined with QPSK mapping. We point out that the synchronization parameters for the coded system are essentially decoupled. We find that, at the normal (i.e., low operating SNR of the turbo-coded system, the true CRB for coded transmission is (i essentially the same as the modified CRB and (ii considerably smaller than the true CRB for uncoded transmission. Comparison of actual synchronizer performance with the CRB for turbo-coded QPSK reveals that a “code-aware” soft-decision-directed synchronizer can perform very closely to this CRB, whereas “code-unaware” estimators such as the conventional non-data-aided algorithm are substantially worse; when operating on coded signals, the performance of the latter synchronizers is still limited by the CRB for uncoded transmission.

  8. How Safe Are Pension Funds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Jay

    1991-01-01

    Governors and legislators are looking for ways to help offset budget deficits, and the public pension funds that cover working and retired school employees are tempting targets. Discusses problems in a number of states, pros and cons of federal regulation, calculating retirement benefits, and how pension funds are controlled. (MLF)

  9. Drug Revolving Fund-Based

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The Drug Revolving Fund (DRF) was instituted in 1996 in Oyo State to ensure sustainable drug availability at primary health care level with a seed stock of drugs supplied by the Petroleum Trust Fund. This was discontinued in 1999 and replaced in January 2000, with free health service, which involves ...

  10. The Crisis in Extramural Funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Joel

    2011-01-01

    When "crisis" and "extramural funding" are mentioned, most academics think about problems such as the low percentage of proposals funded by federal agencies (now approaching single digits in many fields) or inadequate indirect-cost recovery rates that fail to reimburse universities for all costs of research. These are great problems draining…

  11. Random matrix theory and fund of funds portfolio optimisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conlon, T.; Ruskin, H. J.; Crane, M.

    2007-08-01

    The proprietary nature of Hedge Fund investing means that it is common practise for managers to release minimal information about their returns. The construction of a fund of hedge funds portfolio requires a correlation matrix which often has to be estimated using a relatively small sample of monthly returns data which induces noise. In this paper, random matrix theory (RMT) is applied to a cross-correlation matrix C, constructed using hedge fund returns data. The analysis reveals a number of eigenvalues that deviate from the spectrum suggested by RMT. The components of the deviating eigenvectors are found to correspond to distinct groups of strategies that are applied by hedge fund managers. The inverse participation ratio is used to quantify the number of components that participate in each eigenvector. Finally, the correlation matrix is cleaned by separating the noisy part from the non-noisy part of C. This technique is found to greatly reduce the difference between the predicted and realised risk of a portfolio, leading to an improved risk profile for a fund of hedge funds.

  12. Pension funds investments in hedge funds-a necessary regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Gaftoniuc

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available When it comes to investment strategies, generally, pension funds have proved to be conservative investors with a long term approach on investments and constant preoccupation for asset diversification as well as tendencies to secure their portfolios through investments in established financial products. Nevertheless, within this constant preoccupation for portfolio diversification as well as gain of notable profits, private pension funds have invested to a certain degree also in less cautious products respectively have conducted less stable investments. The financial turbulences that hit the US towards the end of 2007 and spread globally to become one of the most severe financial crisis witnessed, haven’t left pension funds immune to this phenomenon. Although, as previously stated, the special feature of pension funds is based on long term investments, which confers a certain degree of natural protection, there can not be the talk of absolute immunity either.

  13. Private pension funds: passivity at active fund prices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Heitor Campani

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT From 2005 to 2015, the total assets managed by open private pension funds increased more than six times in Brazil, where the Free Benefit Generating Plan (PGBL and the Free Benefit Generating Life (VGBL represent 90% of these assets. However, private pension institutions are characterized by the collection of high management fees, thus keeping for themselves much of the benefits offered by the government as incentive for investment in this modality. High management fees are justified only when there is active management of these funds, theoretically generating higher performance: this study indicates that this is not the case in this market segment. Similar problems have been faced in other countries, such as the United Kingdom, Denmark, and Sweden, which filed investigation concerning funds that charge high management fees for active management, while they actually provide management that may be regarded as passive. This demonstrates the scale and relevance of this issue, which has been surveyed and addressed by this study. To do this, dynamic style analysis was performed, through rolling regressions, followed by Kalman filter analysis in funds from the top-five private pension institutions in Brazil. Analyzing the exposure evolution of these funds to various asset classes and the R2 generated, passivity traces were found, mainly in composite variable income funds. Such funds are precisely those that should be more actively managed, as they charge the highest management fees. This article also demonstrates it is possible to build a passive portfolio, having a very similar style and returns without statistically significant differences, but at a lower management fee (and aligned with passive funds.

  14. Funding School Infrastructure Needs across the States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sielke, Catherine

    2001-01-01

    Compares state funding for school infrastructure needs between 1993-94 and 1998-99. Found 164 percent increase in state infrastructure funding. Examines state funding mechanisms such as flat grants, equalized grants, categorical grants, and full-state funding. Fourteen states provide no state infrastructure funding; most rely instead on…

  15. Revisiting the Cramér Rao Lower Bound for Elastography: Predicting the Performance of Axial, Lateral and Polar Strain Elastograms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Prashant; Doyley, Marvin M

    2017-09-01

    We derived the Cramér Rao lower bound for 2-D estimators employed in quasi-static elastography. To illustrate the theory, we modeled the 2-D point spread function as a sinc-modulated sine pulse in the axial direction and as a sinc function in the lateral direction. We compared theoretical predictions of the variance incurred in displacements and strains when quasi-static elastography was performed under varying conditions (different scanning methods, different configuration of conventional linear array imaging and different-size kernels) with those measured from simulated or experimentally acquired data. We performed studies to illustrate the application of the derived expressions when performing vascular elastography with plane wave and compounded plane wave imaging. Standard deviations in lateral displacements were an order higher than those in axial. Additionally, the derived expressions predicted that peak performance should occur when 2% strain is applied, the same order of magnitude as observed in simulations (1%) and experiments (1%-2%). We assessed how different configurations of conventional linear array imaging (number of active reception and transmission elements) influenced the quality of axial and lateral strain elastograms. The theoretical expressions predicted that 2-D echo tracking should be performed with wide kernels, but the length of the kernels should be selected using knowledge of the magnitude of the applied strain: specifically, longer kernels for small strains (<5%) and shorter kernels for larger strains. Although the general trends of theoretical predictions and experimental observations were similar, biases incurred during beamforming and subsample displacement estimation produced noticeable differences. Copyright © 2017 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Funding the Indigenous Rights Movement

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Michael Johnson

    2016-01-01

    ... as a way to help inform funding partners about the realities in their communities. Foundation representatives and funders interested in human and Indigenous rights, mostly from the Americas, rounded out the audience...

  17. Drinking Water State Revolving Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) National Information Management System collects information that provide a record of progress and accountability for...

  18. Report from the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    In this column, the Chairman of the Pension Fund Governing Board (PFGB) presents the Board's latest main decisions, initiatives and accomplishments to the Fund's members and beneficiaries.   Since my last report in July, the Fund has continued the implementation of its capital preservation approach with encouraging results. There have also been several communication events focusing, in particular, on the Fund’s governance and its investment processes. At the September sessions of the Finance Committee and Council, the Chairman of the Pension Fund Investment Committee, Dr Sigurd Lettow, gave comprehensive presentations on the governance and operations of the Fund’s Investment Committee. The Investment Committee is the subsidiary and expert body of the PFGB on investments. Its mandate is to define the process according to which the Fund’s assets - which amount to approximately 3.7 billion Swiss Francs - are invested, and to supervise the implem...

  19. Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Congress established the Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund (PCSRF) to monitor the restoration and conservation of Pacific salmon and steelhead populations and...

  20. Hedge funds: an industry in its adolescence

    OpenAIRE

    William K.H. Fung; Hsieh, David A

    2006-01-01

    The dramatic increase in the number of hedge funds and the "institutionalization" of the industry over the past decade have spurred rigorous research into hedge fund performance. This research has tended to uncover more questions than answers about the dynamic and multifaceted hedge fund industry. ; This article presents a simple hedge fund business model in which fund returns are a function of three key elements -- how the funds trade, where they trade, and how the positions are financed. Th...

  1. Board Overlaps in Mutual Fund Families

    OpenAIRE

    Elif Sisli Ciamarra; Abigail Hornstein

    2015-01-01

    We examine a unique characteristic of mutual fund governance: a common set of di- rectors serving simultaneously on the boards of multiple funds within a fund family. At rst glance, this governance structure appears to bene t investors because it is associated with higher fund returns and better fund manager quality. However, funds with higher degrees of board overlap also charge higher marketing and distribution fees, which have been criticized as being the least transparent cost component f...

  2. Mutual Fund Fees Around the World

    OpenAIRE

    Ajay Khorana; Henri Servaes; Peter Tufano

    2009-01-01

    Using a new database, we study fees charged by 46,580 mutual fund classes offered for sale in 18 countries, which account for about 86% of the world fund industry in 2002. We examine management fees, total expense ratios, and total shareholder costs (including load charges). Fees vary substantially across funds and from country to country. To explain these differences, we consider fund, sponsor, and national characteristics. Fees differ by investment objectives: larger funds and fund complexe...

  3. [Food industry funding and epidemiologic research in public health nutrition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarrete-Muñoz, Eva María; Tardón, Adonina; Romaguera, Dora; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; Vioque, Jesús

    2017-06-05

    The interests of the food industry to fund nutrition and health research are not limited to promoting scientific advances. Recently, several systematic reviews conducted about the effect of sugar-sweetened beverages and health outcomes have shown some biased conclusions in studies that acknowledge industry sponsorship. In this context, the Nutrition Working Group of the Spanish Epidemiology Society presented a scientific session entitled Food industry and epidemiologic research at its annual meeting. In a round table, four experts in nutrition research presented their points of view about whether the food industry should fund nutrition-related research and the related potential conflicts of interest of the food industry. All the experts agreed not only on defending independence in nutritional epidemiology regarding the design, interpretation and conclusion of their studies but also on the crucial need for guaranteed scientific rigor, scientific quality of the results and measures to protect studies against potential biases related to the conflicts of interest of funding by the food industry. Drs Pérez-Farinós and Romaguera believe that the most effective way to prevent conflicts of interest would be not to allow the food industry to fund nutrition research; Drs Marcos and Martínez-González suggested the need to establish mechanisms and strategies to prevent the potential influences of the food industry in selecting researchers or institutional sponsorship and in the analysis and results of the studies, to ensure maximum independence for researchers, as well as their professional ethics. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Indexing Pension Funds with Exchange-Traded Funds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alcina Rodrigues Batista Sanfins

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the use of Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs for indexing the portfolios of pension funds in Brazil. A methodology is proposed to allow the portfolio managers to combine ETFs and the assets composing its benchmark. The methodology is based on a mathematical programming model, with the resulting problem solved by any global optimization algorithm. The results obtained for two ETFs – BOVA11 (indexed to the Ibovespa and BRAX11 (indexed to the IBrX-100 – are presented for illustrative purposes. All constraints imposed by the Brazilian regulatory environment have been incorporated in the studies presented. The methodology proved to be an interesting alternative to pension fund managers, with good results with respect to the control of tracking errors.

  5. Farms and funds: investment funds in the global land rush

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buxton, Abbi; Campanale, Mark; Cotula, Lorenzo

    2012-01-15

    Investment funds show a growing interest in farmland and agriculture. They are buying up land and agribusinesses in developing countries with the expectation of high long-term returns linked to rising land prices, growing populations and increasing demand for food. While the media has reported extensively on the involvement of these funds in the global land rush, the mechanics remain little understood by the broader public. What is the interest and what is driving it? Who are the players and what processes do their investment decisions go through? What are the impacts in recipient countries? And what action can be taken to promote investments that genuinely support local people?.

  6. Pension Fund - ELECTIONS - Irene SEIS

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND   This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: SEIS First Name : Irene Our Pension Fund (that of CERN and ESO personnel) is for most of us the only social protection when we retire. Its purpose is to give us a pension, which permits to maintain a certain standard of living for us, and for our dependants. I have worked in the Governing Board of the Pension Fund, as well as in numerous working groups on pension matters, since 11 years, either in my role as a Staff Association delegate, or as a member of the Governing Board. In both environments, I defend the principles of solidarity, which are part of our social security system, and I stand up for maintaining its primary principle, being a defined benefit scheme. Another of my preoccupations is the long-term future of the fund, including the gu...

  7. BMRAT reviewer acknowledgement 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Lili Hami

    2016-01-01

    Contributing reviewers The editors of Biomedical Research and Therapy would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 2 (2015). [Biomed Res Ther 2016; 3(2.000): 528-532

  8. Acknowledgements | Ito | Acta Theologica

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Book Title: The story of Jesus and the blind man: A speech act reading of John 9. Book Author: Hisayasu Ito. Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto City, Japan. Acta Theologica, Supplementum 21 2015.

  9. Acknowledging the back patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup, Lene; Norlyk, Annelise

    the back patient the narrative must be complemented by a different perspective that includes the issue of ethical responsibility. It is therefore also a question of adopting certain norms as binding; to be bound by obligation or loyalty. Thus, the literature review argues for a more process...

  10. Acknowledgment to Reviewers 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dijana Vuletić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The editors of South-east European forestry would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for evaluating manuscripts in 2015. Their generous contributions of time and expertise are greatly appreciated. Reviewers who evaluated two or more manuscripts in 2015 are underlined.

  11. Acknowledgements and dedication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1993-01-01

    As with previous volumes I have to thank several persons for help in preparing the final volume or for commenting on previously published maps. They are, in alphabetical order: Dr. F.A.C.B. Adema (L), Mr. M.J.E. Coode (K), Dr. J. Dransfield (K), Mr. L.L. Forman (K), Dr. F.R. Fosberg (US), Mr. P.S.

  12. Acknowledging the Victims' Cry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Charles R. III

    1990-01-01

    Whenever we decide that racist speech must be tolerated because of the importance of maintaining societal tolerance for all unpopular speech, we are asking socially subordinated groups to bear the burden of racism for the good of all. Those who pay the price must be fairly represented. (MSE)

  13. Funds transfer pricing in banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria CARACOTA DIMITRIU

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Every bank needs to better understand the sources of its profitability. Whatever the size of the bank, funds transfer pricing (FTP can be used to help managing the bank's profitability by analyzing earnings for the whole institution or for different profit centers. In today’s banking environment, it is essential to look at the earnings both as a whole and broken down into various components. Funds Transfer Pricing is an analysis tool that can be used to help a bank measure its profitability in a variety of different ways. It allows management to compare the profitability of different product lines within the company, and it can be drilled down even further to allow comparison between individual employees. It is also very useful for comparison between branches. This study will reveal the role of Fund Transfer Pricing (FTP in banks.

  14. STUDY OF SERO-PREVALENCE OF DENGUE FEVER AND KNOWLEDGE ON DENGUE INFECTION IN CHALMEDA ANAND RAO INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (CAIMS TEACHING HOSPITAL KARIMNAGAR, TELANGANA STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajamouli

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Dengue virus infection has emerged as a notable public health problem in recent decades in terms of the mortality and morbidity associated with it Dengue is endemic in many parts of India and epidemics are frequently reported from various parts of India and abroad. This study aimed for finding out the frequency and distribution of dengue fever and its case fatality based on the variables such as age and sex during a time period of monsoon. The present study report communicates us the Sero-prevalence of dengue fever and the knowledge on dengue infection in the study subjects of Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences (CAIMS teaching hospital Karimnagar, Telangana, India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. The present hospital study aims to describe the frequency, distribution and case fatality of dengue fever based on the variables such as age, sex and period of one month in CAIMS Teaching Hospital. 2. To assess the Sero-positive cases among all admitted fever cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS The total number 185 patients were admitted in medical ward and screened for Sero-positive dengue infection. It is across sectional study which is conducted by pre tested & structured questioner to assess knowledge and subjected for study to know the Sero-prevalence of dengue infection from 16th October 2015 to 15th November 2015 (period of 1 month. Blood samples were collected from 185 fever cases, Sera were separated and subjected for(Dengue check anti-dengue IgM and IgG antibody testing by the solid phase immune-chromatographic assay,( a commercial dengue virus rapid test kit manufactured by Standard Diagnostics, J. Mitra & Co. Pvt. ltd A 180 -181 Okla. Ind. in the Department of Microbiology CAIMS, Karimnagar. RESULTS Out of 185 admitted fever cases, 97(52.43% were found to be dengue positive for IgM or IgG or for both the antibodies. In 2015, the highest number of suspected dengue patients admitted was in the month of 16th October 2015 to 15th

  15. Rao, Prof. Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Specialization: Solid State Chemistry, Surface Science, Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure Address: Linus Pauling Research Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru 560 064, Karnataka Contact: Office: (080) 2365 3075, (080) 2208 2761. Residence: (080) 2360 1410

  16. Prof. Bookinkere Channakeshavaiah Subba Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Bookinkere Channakeshavaiah Ph.D. (Purdue). Date of birth: 8 December 1923. Date of death: 9 August 2017. Specialization: Applied Organic Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry Last known address: 'Sri Ganga', No. 8, Temple Road, Jayalakshmipuram, Mysore 570 012, Karnataka. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  17. Rama Rao, Dr Alla Venkata

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 2 April 1935. Specialization: Medicinal Chemistry, Drug Technology Address: Chairman & Managing Director, AVRA Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., AVRA House, 7-102/54, Sai Enclave, Habshiguda, Hyderabad 500 007, A.P.. Contact: Office: (040) 2717 8568-9. Residence: (040) 2717 3360. Mobile: 98481 35163

  18. B J Rao, TIFR, Mumbai

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    admin

    With the knowledge of discrete spatial chromosome territory organization within interphase nuclei, our current studyinvestigates the effect of DNA damage at the whole chromosome level. DNA damage,in a dose dependent manner,indeed induces a spatial repositioning of chromosomes specifically with higher gene density.

  19. Rao, Prof. Nittala Venkata Chalapathi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 23 May 1969. Specialization: Mineralogy, Igneous Petrology, Mantle Geochemistry, Geodynamics, Mineral Resources Address: Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, U.P.. Contact: Mobile: 99356 47365. Email: nvcr100@gmail.com, nvcraobhu@gmail.com.

  20. Code-switching to Know a TL Equivalent of an L1 Word: Request-Provision-Acknowledgement (RPA Sequence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Lucero

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the learner’s use of Code-switching to learn the TL (Target Language equivalent of an L1 word. The interactional pattern that this situation creates defines the Request-Provision-Acknowledgement (RPA sequence. The article explains each of the turns of the sequence under the combination of the Ethnomethodological Conversation Analysis and the Speech Act Analysis. The RPA sequence emerges from the analysis of a set of observations of EFL learners at university level. The insights of this study suggest that this RPA sequence presents pedagogical implications in the dynamics of classroom interaction and the way language learners and teachers negotiate meaning in class.

  1. STUDY ABOUT THE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IN ACCOUNTING FOR THE SOFTWARE PRODUCTS – ON THEIR PRODUCTION AND SALE FLUX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Isai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The modern economy can’t be conceived without the IT industry contribution, the engine of lasting economic development. In order to help the increase of software industry the countries create national strategies of information implementation, which will assure in time: the increase of the production, added value, productivity and international economic exchanges. In this area, Romania elaborates its own implementation strategy, according to the EU policy. On the company level, the informatics implementation raises problems regarding: the acknowledgement of software products in accounting as intangible assets; the registering of their reversible and irreversible devaluation, but also fiscal aspects about the modality of classification for the software supply – as goods delivery or as services performance, in the country and abroad.

  2. Investor Attrition and Fund Flows in Mutual Funds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Susan E. K.; Xu, Haoyu

    2017-01-01

    We explore the properties of equity mutual funds that experience a loss of assets after poor performance. We document that both inflows and outflows are less sensitive to performance, because performance-sensitive investors leave or decide not to invest after bad performance. Consistent......–performance sensitivity when attrition arises after good performance or investors invest for nonperformance reasons....

  3. Research funding should reward unpredictability

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Particle-physics experiments can cost hundreds of millions or even billions of dollars and with that kind of money at stake, debates over which projects are worthy of funding can be heated and complex. While those who make big funding decisions try to be as objective as possible, the physicist Bruce Knuteson of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US, believes that agencies would have a much better idea of where to spend their money if they quantified the "scientific merit" of particular research proposals

  4. Resolving the International Monetary Fund's Legitimacy Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seabrooke, Leonard

    2006-01-01

    Since the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 the International Monetary Fund (the Fund) has been embroiled in an international crisis of legitimacy. Assertions of a crisis are premised on the notions that the Fund's voting system is unfair, and that the Fund enforces homogenous policies onto...

  5. 12 CFR 619.9185 - Funding Corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Funding Corporation. 619.9185 Section 619.9185 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 619.9185 Funding Corporation. The term Funding Corporation refers to the Federal Farm Credit Banks Funding Corporation...

  6. 24 CFR 401.472 - Rehabilitation funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rehabilitation funding. 401.472... (MARK-TO-MARKET) Restructuring Plan § 401.472 Rehabilitation funding. (a) Sources of funds—(1) Project accounts. The Restructuring Plan for funding rehabilitation must include funds from the project's residual...

  7. 40 CFR 35.517 - Unused funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Post-Award Requirements § 35.517 Unused funds. If funds... has already received funds) for the same environmental program or for a Performance Partnership Grant... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unused funds. 35.517 Section 35.517...

  8. Potholes Ahead on Innovation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2009-01-01

    Federal education officials will face a variety of obstacles in running a $650 million innovation fund, from an expected flood of applications and concern about favoritism in picking winners, to skepticism about the government's ability to drive innovative change in education. Meanwhile, the U.S. Department of Education--which last month offered…

  9. Pension funds in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kemna, A.G.Z.; Ponds, E.H.M.; Steenbeek, O.W.

    2012-01-01

    The Dutch pension fund system, considered among the best in the world, successfully combines a first-pillar flat-rate pension for all residents with a labor-related second pillar and voluntary savings accounts as the third pillar. This paper describes the main institutional characteristics of the

  10. Amazon Fund: financing deforestation avoidance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Marcovitch

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Amazon Fund, created in 2008 by the Brazilian Federal Government, is managed by Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES. It is a pioneering initiative to fundraise and manage financial resources to cut back deforestation and support sustainable development for 30 million inhabitants in the Amazon Biome. The Amazon Fund has already received more than R$ 1.7 billion in grants (about USD 787 million. This essay analyzes the Amazon Fund's governance and management with focus on its operation and from its stakeholders' perspectives. A combination of research methods includes: documental research, in-depth interviews, and speech analysis. The study offers a comparative analysis of strengths and weaknesses related to its governance. Furthermore, it proposes ways to improve its management towards greater effectiveness. The essay also includes an assessment of the government of Norway, a major donor to the fund. The governments of Norway and Germany, in partnership with Brazil, reveal how important it is to experiment with new means of international cooperation to successfully reduce greenhouse gas emissions through rainforest preservation.

  11. NSCAT funding left to NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggs, William Ward

    The Eos news article “Conference OKs Science Budgets” (August 23, 1988, p. 801) stated that a House-Senate conference had agreed to fund the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's scatterometer at the requested and Senate-approved Fiscal Year 1989 level of $15.7 million rather than the House-approved level of $5.7 million. However, while the conference report did propose up to $10 million more than the House recommendation, it also said that the money would only be available if “the administrator elects to exercise the option of transferring u p to $30 million of funding from the construction of facilities account” to the research and development account, which includes NSCAT.According to NASA's William F. Townsend, NSCAT Program Manager, because of other stipulations in the conference report the ultimate source of the proposed funds for NSCAT would not be the construction of facilities account, but would be the research and program management account, which pays NASA employee salaries, not the construction of facilities account. Such a shift of funds is highly unlikely, he said, and the scatterometer will probably receive only $5.7 million for FY 1989, 64% less than the budget request.

  12. What we fund Tobacco control

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    NCDP

    Analysis of the influence of the tobacco industry's direct and indirect activities on policy-makers, researchers, funding agencies, and opinion leaders. Appraisal of the perceived economic value of the tobacco industry to national economies and those whose livelihoods include income from tobacco production, marketing, or ...

  13. Funding Higher Education in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Kee Kuan Foong

    2008-01-01

    As the higher education system contributes significantly towards sustaining long-term economic growth in Malaysia, adequate funding should be directed to this subsector. Moreover, policies need to be impartial and stringent scholarship selection mechanism be used. Ongoing reforms to enhance the quality of tertiary education may also be important.

  14. The sustainability of green funds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholtens, B.

    This paper analyses the performance of the Dutch "Green Funds Scheme". This scheme is a policy instrument to advance green projects. The scheme relies on tax compensation for private investors who save or invest in green institutions below market returns. The green institutions select and monitor

  15. Funding source and research report quality in nutrition practice-related research.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther F Myers

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The source of funding is one of many possible causes of bias in scientific research. One method of detecting potential for bias is to evaluate the quality of research reports. Research exploring the relationship between funding source and nutrition-related research report quality is limited and in other disciplines the findings are mixed. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether types of funding sources of nutrition research are associated with differences in research report quality. DESIGN: A retrospective study of research reporting quality, research design and funding source was conducted on 2539 peer reviewed research articles from the American Dietetic Association's Evidence Analysis Library® database. RESULTS: Quality rating frequency distributions indicate 43.3% of research reports were rated as positive, 50.1% neutral, and 6.6% as negative. Multinomial logistic regression results showed that while both funding source and type of research design are significant predictors of quality ratings (χ2 = 118.99, p≤0.001, the model's usefulness in predicting overall research report quality is little better than chance. Compared to research reports with government funding, those not acknowledging any funding sources, followed by studies with University/hospital funding were more likely to receive neutral vs positive quality ratings, OR = 1.85, P <0.001 and OR = 1.54, P<0.001, respectively and those that did not report funding were more likely to receive negative quality ratings (OR = 4.97, P<0.001. After controlling for research design, industry funded research reports were no more likely to receive a neutral or negative quality rating than those funded by government sources. CONCLUSION: Research report quality cannot be accurately predicted from the funding source after controlling for research design. Continued vigilance to evaluate the quality of all research regardless of the funding source

  16. Cognitive impairment in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: A comparison of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III and the Wechsler Memory Scale Revised with the Rao Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juichi Fujimori

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Approximately 55% of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD show cognitive impairment as evaluated using the Rao Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery (BRBN, but this frequency appears to be higher than the frequency of specific brain lesions in NMOSD. Objective: We studied whether cognitive impairment could be observed in NMOSD patients with no or minor non-specific brain lesions. Methods: We evaluated cognitive function in 12 NMOSD and 14 MS patients using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (WAIS-III, the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R, and the BRBN. We judged as cognitively impaired patients whose scores were below the average by 2 standard deviations or greater in 2 or more cognitive domains. Results: Cognitive impairment was observed in 5 MS patients (35.7% and in the only NMOSD patient (8.3% with symptomatic brain lesions, but not in the other NMOSD patients who had no or minor non-specific brain lesions. Meanwhile, 5 NMOSD (41.7% and 4 MS (28.6% patients who had normal cognition according to the WAIS-III and WMS-R were assessed as cognitively impaired by the BRBN (which is not standardized for age. Conclusions: Cognitive function in NMOSD patients with no or mild non-specific brain lesions was preserved according to the WAIS-III and WMS-R. Keywords: Neuromyelitis Optica, Cognitive impairment, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III, Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised, Rao Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery, Multiple sclerosis

  17. Structural classification of RAO3( MO) n compounds ( R =Sc, In, Y, or lanthanides; A =Fe(III), Ga, Cr, or Al; M =divalent cation; n = 1-11)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimizuka, Noboru; Mohri, Takahiko

    1989-01-01

    A series of new compounds RAO3( MO) n ( n = 1-11) having spinel, YbFe 2O 4, or InFeO 3(ZnO) n types of structures were newly synthesized ( R =Sc, In, Y, Lu, Yb, Tm, or Er; A =Fe(III), Ga, Cr, or Al; M =Mg, Mn, Fe(II), Co, Ni, Zn, or Cd) at elevated temperatures. The conditions of synthesis and the lattice constants for these compounds are reported. The stacking sequences of the InO 1.5, (FeZn)O 2.5, and ZnO layers for InFeO 3(ZnO) 10 and the TmO 1.5, (AlZn)O 2.5, and ZnO layers for TmAlO 3(ZnO) 11 are presented, respectively. The crystal structures of the( RAO3) m( MO) n phases ( R =Sc, In, Y, or lanthanide elements; A =Fe(III), Ga, Cr, or Al; M =divalent cation elements; m and n =integer) are classified into four crystal structure types (K 2NiF 4, CaFe 2O 4, YbFe 2O 4, and spinel), based upon the constituent cations R, A, and M

  18. Private pension funds: passivity at active fund prices

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Heitor Campani; Leonardo Mesquita de Brito

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT From 2005 to 2015, the total assets managed by open private pension funds increased more than six times in Brazil, where the Free Benefit Generating Plan (PGBL) and the Free Benefit Generating Life (VGBL) represent 90% of these assets. However, private pension institutions are characterized by the collection of high management fees, thus keeping for themselves much of the benefits offered by the government as incentive for investment in this modality. High management fees are justifi...

  19. Funds for Peace? Examining the Transformative Potential of Social Funds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Mallett

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Social funds and large-scale community driven development (CDD programmes are a popular policy instrument in post-conflict situations. This is partly because they are seen to alleviate pressure on governments to deliver development and reconstruction outcomes by transferring resources and responsibilities to community actors. However, part of their popularity can also be explained by claims that social funds and CDD programmes have the (transformative potential to generate impacts beyond meeting basic needs, such as creating more peaceful societies at the local level and promoting trust in government. Drawing on a rigorous, evidence focused literature review, which began with researchers following a formal systematic review protocol, this practice note assesses the performance of 13 programmes against three distinct sets of impact indicators: (i incomes, enterprise and access to services; (ii social cohesion, stability and violence; and (iii state-society relations. It is concluded that, although our understanding of the effectiveness of social funds and CDD in conflict-affected environments is limited by a low number of rigorous evaluations across a diverse range of contexts, as well as by an insufficient investigation of the relevant causal mechanisms, the findings so far suggest cause for cautious optimism.

  20. 78 FR 14594 - Forward Funds, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    ... concerns about undue influence by a fund of funds over underlying funds, excessive layering of fees, and... arrangement will not result in the exercise of undue influence by an Investing Fund or an Investing Fund... potential for undue influence over the Funds, including that no Investing Fund or Investing Fund Affiliate...

  1. 76 FR 2905 - FY2011 Supplemental Funding for Brownfields Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) Grantees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY FY2011 Supplemental Funding for Brownfields Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) Grantees AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of the availability of funds. SUMMARY: EPA's Office of...

  2. Program development fund: FY 1987

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-03-01

    It is the objective of the Fund to encourage innovative research to maintain the Laboratory's position at the forefront of science. Funds are used to explore new ideas and concepts that may potentially develop into new directions of research for the Laboratory and that are consistent with the major needs, overall goals, and mission of the Laboratory and the DOE. The types of projects eligible for support from PDF include: work in forefront areas of science and technology for the primary purpose of enriching Laboratory research and development capabilities; advanced study of new hypotheses, new experimental concepts, or innovative approaches to energy problems; experiments directed toward ''proof of principle'' or early determination of the utility of a new concept; and conception, design analyses, and development of experimental devices, instruments, or components. This report is a review of these research programs.

  3. The importance of acknowledgement of emotions in routine patient psychological assessment: The example of the dental setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hally, J; Freeman, R; Yuan, S; Humphris, G

    2017-11-01

    To investigate, by means of a conceptual model, the effect of dental staff engaging with their patients who share their level of dental anxiety in a short screening questionnaire. Three consecutive studies based in the UK primary dental care services were conducted. Each study adopted a randomised group design to focus on the possible influence on patient state anxiety of the dentist becoming aware of their patients' dental anxiety from the self-reports of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS). A consistent finding in the first two studies was that the presentation of MDAS score sheet to the dentist was effective in reducing patient state anxiety when leaving the surgery. The third study provided supportive evidence that a more permanent anxiolytic effect of the presentation of the MDAS to the dentist was associated with the dentist responding openly to their patient about the fears expressed. The active engagement of dental staff in the formal presentation of dental anxiety screening confers a reliable benefit to dentally anxious patients. Anxiety assessments in clinical service may give patients significant relief when staff acknowledge and engage patients when presented with their self-reported ratings. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Smoking aggravates the impaired pulmonary function of officially acknowledged female victims of air pollution of 40 years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishinakagawa, Tsuyoshi; Senjyu, Hideaki; Tanaka, Takako; Asai, Masaharu; Kotaki, Kenji; Yano, Yudai; Miyamoto, Naomi; Yanagita, Yorihide; Kozu, Ryo; Tabusadani, Mitsuru; Honda, Sumihisa

    2014-10-01

    Air pollution due to industrial waste and tobacco smoke is detrimental to pulmonary function. However, the combined effects of air pollution and smoking on pulmonary function have not been investigated. We examined the combined effect of air pollution of 40 years ago and concurrent smoking on the pulmonary function of officially acknowledged female victims in Japan, because females are more susceptible to the adverse effects of both irritants than males. The subjects comprised 655 female victims living in one of two areas with air pollution of 40 years ago and 572 females living in an area without air pollution. All victims have been prescribed standard respiratory medications. Pulmonary function was measured in 2000 for air-pollution groups (130 smokers and 525 non-smokers; mean age, 68.4 years) and during the period of 2004 to 2013 for non-air-pollution groups (113 smokers and 459 non-smokers; mean age, 69.0 years). The smokers included both current smokers and ex-smokers. The victims with a history of smoking had significantly lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 % predicted) (mean, 74%) and significantly lower FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) (mean, 70%) than the other groups (Ppollution and the continuous medical care provided by the government. In conclusion, exposure to air pollution of 40 years ago and cigarette smoking are associated with reduced pulmonary function. These results highlight the importance of measures aimed at smoking cessation and limiting air pollution.

  5. International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-11-01

    The International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund was established under a 1971 Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization Convention to supplement the 1969 Civil Liability Convention (CLC) under which shipowners were held liable for damage caused by oil spills up to $18 million per incident; the new fund increases the amount payable per incident to $57 million as of April 1979. A further increase up to about $76 million is now under consideration. During 1979, the Fund has been concerned in particular with claims arising out of oil spills in Japan and the Baltic Sea. In the former case, some 540 tons of oil was lost by Miya Maru No. 8 after a collision in March 1979 in the Japanese Inland Sea; cleanup costs and compensation to fishermen were about (pound sterling)400,000. In the latter phase, crude oil apparently coming from the Russian tanker Antonio Gramsci, which grounded off Ventspils in February 1979, drifted across the Baltic and was trapped in or under the ice. After the ice melted, it spread to more than 2000 islands in the Swedish Archipelaso; cleanup measures may result in claims as high as (pound sterling) 8 million.

  6. Managing government funded scientific consortia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banerjee, Bakul; /Fermilab

    2007-06-01

    In recent years, it is becoming apparent that good science not only requires the talents of individual scientists, but also state-of-the-art laboratory facilities. These faculties, often costing millions to billions of dollars, allow scientists unprecedented opportunities to advance their knowledge and improve the quality of human life. To make optimum use of these experimental facilities, a significant amount of computational simulations is required. These mega-projects require large-scale computational facilities and complementary infrastructures of network and software. For physical sciences in US, most of these research and development efforts are funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and National Science Foundation (NSF). Universities, US National Laboratories, and occasionally industrial partners work together on projects awarded with different flavors of government funds managed under different rules. At Fermilab, we manage multiple such collaborative computing projects for university and laboratory consortia. In this paper, I explore important lessons learned from my experience with these projects. Using examples of projects delivering computing infrastructure for the Lattice QCD Collaboration, I explain how the use of federal enterprise architecture may be deployed to run projects effectively. I also describe the lessons learned in the process. Lessons learned from the execution of the above projects are also applicable to other consortia receiving federal government funds.

  7. 78 FR 26701 - Funding and Fiscal Affairs, Loan Policies and Operations, and Funding Operations; Liquidity and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ...-AC54 Funding and Fiscal Affairs, Loan Policies and Operations, and Funding Operations; Liquidity and... CONTACT: David Lewandrowski, Senior Policy Analyst, Office of Regulatory Policy, Farm Credit...

  8. Development of funding project risk management tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    Funding project risk management is a process for identifying, assessing, and prioritizing project funding risks. To plan to : minimize or eliminate the impact of negative events, one must identify what projects have higher risk to respond to potentia...

  9. 2001-2008 BBG Funding Overview

    Data.gov (United States)

    Broadcasting Board of Governors — This dataset presents BBG funding by Agency component for the period between FY 2001 and FY 2008. The data covers funding for each BBG broadcasting entity and for...

  10. Mutual Fund Flight-to-Liquidity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rzeznik, Aleksandra

    of their portfolio towards more liquid assets in order to meet potential redemptions. This causal chain is consistent with Vayanos (2004), who argues that fund managers are investors with time-varying liquidity preferences due to threat of withdrawal. Aggregated over funds, the effect is substantial: a one standard......This paper examines the liquidity choices of mutual funds during times of market uncertainty. I find that when markets are uncertain, mutual funds actively increase the liquidity of their portfolio { often referred to as a `flight-to-liquidity.' In aggregate, mutual fund behaviour has implications...... for the market; the market driven flight-toliquidity places upward pressure on the liquidity premium. I examine the underlying mechanisms driving fund behaviour. I show that market volatility is associated with lower fund performance and withdrawals, which causes funds to adjust the composition...

  11. Collaborative funding to facilitate airport ground access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    This report presents the findings and conclusions from a research study that has examined the challenges of funding airport ground access projects and the role of collaborative funding strategies between the different agencies that typically become i...

  12. Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public Law 109-282, the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 as amended (FFATA), requires disclosure of all entities and organizations receiving Federal funds through a single publicly accessible website.

  13. HEDGE FUND MANAGERIAL INCENTIVES AND PERFORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    ABD RAHMAN, Nor Hadaliza

    2011-01-01

    The growth of the hedge fund industry over the decades has brought an interesting form of performance contract between the portfolio managers and their investors. The contractual relation has given an impact to the performance of the hedge fund industry, which benefited both fund managers and investors. Furthermore, it has created more investors and fund managers to participate in this high risk and high return investment. Currently, many issues on fee structures and performance- based i...

  14. The Black Box of Mutual Fund Fees

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Bazo, Javier; Martínez Sedano, Miguel Angel

    2004-01-01

    This paper re-examines the determinants of mutual fund fees paid by mutual fund shareholders for management costs and other expenses. There are two novelties with respect to previous studies. First, each type of fee is explained separately. Second, the paper employs a new dataset consisting of Spanish mutual funds, making it the second paper to study mutual fund fees outside the US market. Furthermore, the Spanish market has three interesting characteristics: (i) both distribution and managem...

  15. [Mental Health and Political Violence. Care of Psychiatric Patient or Acknowledge of the Micropolitics of the Subject].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias López, Beatriz Elena

    2013-09-01

    Political violence is a global phenomenon, especially in low- to middle-income countries. This phenomenon increasingly involves civilians. This situation is a priority in collective health, as it produces multiple and complex effects on physical and mental health, and human and social ecosystems. The objective of this article is to present the main tendencies that coexist in research and practice on the understanding of the effects of political violence on mental health. The biomedical approach of psychiatric trauma and the wider perspective of social sciences, which incorporate the collective dimension of these effects, are also taken into account. Review of research determines the relationship with political violence / collective violence and mental health in international databases and national documentation centers, academics and NGOs within the last decade of the twentieth century, and the first of this century under the headings of trauma, war, armed conflict and political violence. The limitations of general explanations of psychiatric trauma in understanding the complex effects of political violence on mental health are shown. The constructs that incorporate social and collective dimensions increase this comprehension of these effects and knowledge of mental health, both conceptually as methodologically. In a political violence context it urgent to change attitudes about mental health. It is a way to overcome the biomedical, individualistic, and short term epidemiology, and to remove medication from mental health. This means acknowledging that people who experience the effects of political violence effects are not sick. They are powerful people who can transform and produce the life they dream of. Copyright © 2013 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  16. Evaluation of Lumbar Spine Load by Computational Method in Order to Acknowledge Low-back Disorders as Occupational Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlávková, Jana; Lebeda, Tomáš; Tichý, Tomáš; Gaďourek, Petr; Urban, Pavel; Nakládalová, Marie; Laštovková, Andrea; Fenclová, Zdenka; Ridzoň, Petr; Ehler, Edvard; Richter, Milan; Pešáková, Lenka; Pelclová, Daniela

    2016-03-01

    The aim of the study was to develop a computational module for the prediction of compressive force on the L4/L5 disc suitable for use in field settings. The value of compressive force is intended to be used as a proxy measure of the mechanical burden of low-back when performing work activities. The compressive force predicted by the module in a particular worker should be compared with the NIOSH limit value of 3,400 N for the assessment of lumbar spine load during manual lifting tasks. Exceeding the limit will be considered as the fulfilment of "hygienic criterion" that should be met to acknowledge low-back disorder as an occupational disease. To develop the computational module we used the ergonomic software TECNOMATIX Classic Jack taking into account the anthropometric parameters of a worker and ergonomic parameters of his/her work activity. We calculated compressive forces on the L4/L5 disc in about 1,300 simulated combinations of various factors influencing compressive force. Parameters which turned out to be crucial for the compression of L4/L5 disc were included in the computational algorithm. Our study was primarily aimed at the assessment of lumbar disorders as occupational diseases. Moreover, the study can contribute to the recommendation of preventive measures to decrease health risks in occupations associated with the overload of low-back region. The graphic maps generated by the computational module enable a fast and exact analysis of particular job. Copyright© by the National Institute of Public Health, Prague 2015.

  17. Acknowledging and allocating responsibility for clinical inertia in the management of Type 2 diabetes in primary care: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zafar, A; Stone, M A; Davies, M J; Khunti, K

    2015-03-01

    Failure to intensify treatment in patients with Type 2 diabetes with suboptimal blood glucose control has been termed clinical inertia and has been shown to contribute to poorer patient outcomes. We aimed to identify and explore perceptions about clinical inertia from the perspective of primary healthcare providers. A qualitative study was conducted in Leicestershire and Northamptonshire, UK. Purposive sampling was based on healthcare providers working in primary care settings with 'higher' and 'lower' target achievement based on routine data. Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted, face-to-face or by telephone. Thematic analysis was informed by the constant comparative approach. An important broad theme that emerged during the analysis was related to attribution and explanation of responsibility for clinical inertia. This included general willingness to accept a degree of responsibility for clinical inertia. In some cases, however, participants had inaccurate perceptions about levels of target achievement in their primary care centres, as indicated by routine data. Participants sought to lessen their own sense of accountability by highlighting patient-level barriers such as comorbidities and human fallibility, and also system-level barriers, particularly time constraints. Perceptions about ways of addressing the problem of clinical inertia were not seen as straightforward, further emphasizing a complex and cumulative pattern of barriers. In order to understand and address the problem of clinical inertia, provider, patient- and system-level barriers should be considered together rather than as separate issues. Acknowledgement of responsibility should be regarded positively as a motivator for change. © 2014 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2014 Diabetes UK.

  18. 75 FR 12003 - Investing in Innovation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... Education 34 CFR Part Chapter II Investing in Innovation Fund; Final Rule and Notice #0;#0;Federal Register... CFR Chapter II RIN 1855-AA06 Investing in Innovation Fund AGENCY: Office of Innovation and Improvement... selection criteria under the Investing in Innovation Fund. The Secretary may use these priorities...

  19. Funding | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC funds projects that aim to bring employment, food security, health, peace, and prosperity to developing regions of the world. We offer grants, funding, and awards to researchers and institutions to find solutions for global development challenges. Current opportunities All open calls for funding are found below, under ...

  20. 13 CFR 130.500 - Funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Funding. 130.500 Section 130.500 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CENTERS § 130.500 Funding. The SBA funds Cooperative Agreements through its internal Letter of Credit Replacement System...

  1. Procyclicality of pension fund regulation and behaviour

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romp, W.E.

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the labour market effects of pension fund restoration plans at a business cycle frequency. During a recession, pension funds’ funding ratios typically drop significantly and regulations force funds to restore their buffers by increasing their contributions, lower future indexation

  2. 78 FR 48622 - Connect America Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule... Connect America funds are used to subsidize the overbuilding of their existing networks. B. Final... revising paragraphs (b)(3) and (c)(4) to read as follows: Sec. 54.312 Connect America Fund in Price Cap...

  3. Multicriteria approaches for a private equity fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tammer, Christiane; Tannert, Johannes

    2012-09-01

    We develop a new model for a Private Equity Fund based on stochastic differential equations. In order to find efficient strategies for the fund manager we formulate a multicriteria optimization problem for a Private Equity Fund. Using the e-constraint method we solve this multicriteria optimization problem. Furthermore, a genetic algorithm is applied in order to get an approximation of the efficient frontier.

  4. 40 CFR 280.102 - Trust fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trust fund. 280.102 Section 280.102...) Financial Responsibility § 280.102 Trust fund. (a) An owner or operator may satisfy the requirements of § 280.93 by establishing a trust fund that conforms to the requirements of this section. The trustee...

  5. 75 FR 66977 - Housing Trust Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Housing and Urban Development 24 CFR Parts 91 and 92 Housing Trust Fund; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Parts 91 and 92 RIN 2506-AC30 Housing Trust Fund AGENCY: Office of the... and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 establishes a Housing Trust Fund (HTF) to be administered by HUD...

  6. 24 CFR 214.311 - Funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Internet or other electronic media. (b) Local funding sources. HUD recommends that approved agencies seek and secure funding from funding sources that may include local and state governments, private foundations, and lending or real estate organizations. Agencies must assure that such arrangements do not...

  7. Mutual Fund Flight-to-Liquidity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rzeznik, Aleksandra

    for the market; the market driven flight-toliquidity places upward pressure on the liquidity premium. I examine the underlying mechanisms driving fund behaviour. I show that market volatility is associated with lower fund performance and withdrawals, which causes funds to adjust the composition...

  8. Mutual fund volatility timing and management fees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giambona, E.; Golec, J.

    2009-01-01

    This paper shows that compensation incentives partly drive fund managers’ market volatility timing strategies. Larger incentive management fees lead to less counter-cyclical or more pro-cyclical volatility timing. But fund styles or aggregate fund flows could also account for this relation;

  9. 40 CFR 35.117 - Unused funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unused funds. 35.117 Section 35.117 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants Post-Award Requirements § 35.117 Unused funds. If funds for an...

  10. Public Funding and Corporate Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Mathias; Junge, Martin; Kaiser, Ulrich

    and there is no evidence for crowding out; (iii) R&D cooperation increases private R&D; (iv) there appear to exist complementarities between alternative sources of funding; (v) the mobility of R&D workers, particularly of university scientists, is positively related to innovation; (vi) there are many university spin......-offs but these are no more successful than non-university spin-offs; (vii) universities constitute important collaboration partners and (viii) clusters enhance collaboration, patents and productivity. Key problems for economic policy advice are that the identification of causal effects is problematic in most studies...

  11. The Supplementary Pension Fund Register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Johnni; Lassen, Christina Funch

    2011-07-01

    Information on individual long-term work history is often required in occupational studies of diseases. The Supplementary Pension Fund Register has kept individual information on all employments, including start and end, on a company level backdating to 1964 for all wage earners in Denmark. Based on the computerised information, which also includes the unique personal identification number, it is possible to link information on employment history to information on individuals in nationwide registers of diseases. Membership is compulsory and controlled by the Danish authorities, therefore information is considered to be accurate and complete. This register is unique and of high value in occupational epidemiology.

  12. COMMERCIAL FUND, RECOGNITION AND ASSESSMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIOREL TRIF

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the immaterial investments within companies nowadays urges the specialists in accounting to find the ways to present more in the elements. In their studies researchers face the controversy reinvestments, as an asset in the balance sheet or an expense in the profit or loss account. The main goal of this paper is to analyze the difficulties in commercial fund. In the first part we will analyze various definitions of the problems concerning the commercial fund’s recognition and assessment. The paper also suggests that investments are really social and economic problems.

  13. Fund liquidation, self-selection and look-ahead bias in the hedge fund industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.R. ter Horst (Jenke); M.J.C.M. Verbeek (Marno)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractA wide range of empirical biases hampers hedge fund databases. In this paper we focus upon survival-related biases and disentangle look-ahead biases due to self-selection of funds and due to fund termination. Self-selection arises because funds voluntarily report their information to

  14. Decision Making in the Pension Fund Board Room : An Experiment with Dutch Pension Fund Trustees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dalen, H.P.; Henkens, K.; Koedijk, C.G.; Slager, A.M.H.

    2010-01-01

    We ask how pension fund trustees deal with the booms and busts that funds encounter, and to what extent the decisions of pension fund trustees are affected by behavioral biases. We examine these issues by using a vignette-method field experiment among Dutch pension fund trustees. We find that

  15. 38 CFR 13.72 - Release of funds from Personal Funds of Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Personal Funds of Patients. 13.72 Section 13.72 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF... Personal Funds of Patients. Veterans Service Center Managers may authorize release of funds from Personal Funds of Patients for the needs of veterans and their dependents, including amounts fixed by statute or...

  16. A measure of knowledge flow between specific fields: Implications of interdisciplinarity for impact and funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Gregg E. A.; Youtie, Jan; Porter, Alan L.

    2017-01-01

    Encouraging knowledge flow between mutually relevant disciplines is a worthy aim of research policy makers. Yet, it is less clear what types of research promote cross-disciplinary knowledge flow and whether such research generates particularly influential knowledge. Empirical questions remain as to how to identify knowledge-flow mediating research and how to provide support for this research. This study contributes to addressing these gaps by proposing a new way to identify knowledge-flow mediating research at the individual research article level, instead of at more aggregated levels. We identify journal articles that link two mutually relevant disciplines in three ways—aggregating, bridging, and diffusing. We then examine the likelihood that these papers receive subsequent citations or have funding acknowledgments. Our case study of cognitive science and educational research knowledge flow suggests that articles that aggregate knowledge from multiple disciplines are cited significantly more often than are those whose references are drawn primarily from a single discipline. Interestingly, the articles that meet the criteria for being considered knowledge-flow mediators are less likely to reflect funding, based on reported acknowledgements, than were those that did not meet these criteria. Based on these findings, we draw implications for research policymakers. PMID:29016631

  17. A measure of knowledge flow between specific fields: Implications of interdisciplinarity for impact and funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Seokbeom; Solomon, Gregg E A; Youtie, Jan; Porter, Alan L

    2017-01-01

    Encouraging knowledge flow between mutually relevant disciplines is a worthy aim of research policy makers. Yet, it is less clear what types of research promote cross-disciplinary knowledge flow and whether such research generates particularly influential knowledge. Empirical questions remain as to how to identify knowledge-flow mediating research and how to provide support for this research. This study contributes to addressing these gaps by proposing a new way to identify knowledge-flow mediating research at the individual research article level, instead of at more aggregated levels. We identify journal articles that link two mutually relevant disciplines in three ways-aggregating, bridging, and diffusing. We then examine the likelihood that these papers receive subsequent citations or have funding acknowledgments. Our case study of cognitive science and educational research knowledge flow suggests that articles that aggregate knowledge from multiple disciplines are cited significantly more often than are those whose references are drawn primarily from a single discipline. Interestingly, the articles that meet the criteria for being considered knowledge-flow mediators are less likely to reflect funding, based on reported acknowledgements, than were those that did not meet these criteria. Based on these findings, we draw implications for research policymakers.

  18. The Domino Effects of Federal Research Funding.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren Lanahan

    Full Text Available The extent to which federal investment in research crowds out or decreases incentives for investment from other funding sources remains an open question. Scholarship on research funding has focused on the relationship between federal and industry or, more comprehensively, non-federal funding without disentangling the other sources of research support that include nonprofit organizations and state and local governments. This paper extends our understanding of academic research support by considering the relationships between federal and non-federal funding sources provided by the National Science Foundation Higher Education Research and Development Survey. We examine whether federal research investment serves as a complement or substitute for state and local government, nonprofit, and industry research investment using the population of research-active academic science fields at U.S. doctoral granting institutions. We use a system of two equations that instruments with prior levels of both federal and non-federal funding sources and accounts for time-invariant academic institution-field effects through first differencing. We estimate that a 1% increase in federal research funding is associated with a 0.411% increase in nonprofit research funding, a 0.217% increase in state and local research funding, and a 0.468% increase in industry research funding, respectively. Results indicate that federal funding plays a fundamental role in inducing complementary investments from other funding sources, with impacts varying across academic division, research capacity, and institutional control.

  19. The Domino Effects of Federal Research Funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanahan, Lauren; Graddy-Reed, Alexandra; Feldman, Maryann P

    2016-01-01

    The extent to which federal investment in research crowds out or decreases incentives for investment from other funding sources remains an open question. Scholarship on research funding has focused on the relationship between federal and industry or, more comprehensively, non-federal funding without disentangling the other sources of research support that include nonprofit organizations and state and local governments. This paper extends our understanding of academic research support by considering the relationships between federal and non-federal funding sources provided by the National Science Foundation Higher Education Research and Development Survey. We examine whether federal research investment serves as a complement or substitute for state and local government, nonprofit, and industry research investment using the population of research-active academic science fields at U.S. doctoral granting institutions. We use a system of two equations that instruments with prior levels of both federal and non-federal funding sources and accounts for time-invariant academic institution-field effects through first differencing. We estimate that a 1% increase in federal research funding is associated with a 0.411% increase in nonprofit research funding, a 0.217% increase in state and local research funding, and a 0.468% increase in industry research funding, respectively. Results indicate that federal funding plays a fundamental role in inducing complementary investments from other funding sources, with impacts varying across academic division, research capacity, and institutional control.

  20. Application of a partitioning procedure based on Rao quadratic entropy index to characterize the temporal evolution of in situ varietal and genetic diversity of bread wheat in France over the period 1981-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perronne, Rémi; Goldringer, Isabelle

    2017-12-15

    We present and highlight a partitioning procedure based on the Rao quadratic entropy index to assess temporal in situ inter-annual varietal and genetic changes of crop diversity. For decades, Western-European agroecosystems have undergone profound changes, among which a reduction of crop genetic diversity. These changes have been highlighted in numerous studies, but no unified partitioning procedure has been proposed to compute the inter-annual variability in both varietal and genetic diversity. To fill this gap, we tested, adjusted and applied a partitioning procedure based on the Rao quadratic entropy index that made possible to describe the different components of crop diversity as well as to account for the relative acreages of varieties. To emphasize the relevance of this procedure, we relied on a case study focusing on the temporal evolution of bread wheat diversity in France over the period 1981-2006 at both national and district scales. At the national scale, we highlighted a decrease of the weighted genetic replacement indicating that varieties sown in the most recent years were more genetically similar than older ones. At the district scale, we highlighted sudden changes in weighted genetic replacement in some agricultural regions that could be due to fast shifts of successive leading varieties over time. Other regions presented a relatively continuous increase of genetic similarity over time, potentially due to the coexistence of a larger number of co-leading varieties that got closer genetically. Based on the partitioning procedure, we argue that a tendency of in situ genetic homogenization could be compared to some of its potential causes, such as a decrease in the speed of replacement or an increase in between-variety genetic similarity over time.

  1. Japan Special Fund and Japanese Trust Fund for Consultancy Services Annual Report 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Inter-American Development Bank

    2007-01-01

    This Annual Report details the activities of the Japanese Trusts Funds for 2006. The Japanese Trust Funds support five distinct programs: the Japan Special Fund (JSF); the Japanese Trust Fund for Consultancy Services (JCF); the Japan Poverty Reduction Program (JPO); the IDB/Japan Program; and the Japan-IDB Scholarship Program. The year 2006 was an outstanding period for the Japanese Trust Funds (JTF) to meet the high volume of various development needs in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC)...

  2. The Variation of Universally Acknowledged World-Class Universities (UAWCUs) between 2010 and 2015: An Empirical Study by the Ranks of THEs, QS and ARWU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lu; Liu, Zhimin

    2016-01-01

    Due to certainty recognition in ranking systems, the commonly included top 100 universities are regarded as the Universally Acknowledged World-Class Universities (UAWCUs). From three university rankings-THEs, QS and ARWU from 2010 to 2015, the following conclusions can be drawn from this study: Firstly, 56 universities are commonly ranked in the…

  3. TRAILER project (Tagging, recognition, acknowledgment of informal learning experiences). A Methodology to make learners’ informal learning activities visible to the institutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García-Peñalvo, Francisco J.; Conde, Miguel Á.; Zangrando, Valentina; García-Holgado, Alicia; Seoane, Antón M.; Alier, Marc; Galanis, Nikolas; Brouns, Francis; Vogten, Hubert; Griffiths, Dai; Mykowska, Aleksandra; Alves, Gustavo R.; Minović, Miroslav

    2013-01-01

    García-Peñalvo, F. J., Conde, M. Á, Zangrando, V., García-Holgado, A., Seoane, A. M., Alier, M., Galanis, N., Brouns, F., Vogten, H., Griffiths, D., Mykowska, A., Ribeiro-Alves, G., & Minović, M. (2013). TRAILER project (Tagging, recognition, acknowledgment of informal learning experiences). A

  4. Comparison of Gratitude across Context Variations: A Generic Analysis of Dissertation Acknowledgements Written by Taiwanese Authors in EFL and ESL Contexts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenhsien Yang

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Research on generic structures of acknowledgements in dissertations has gradually drawn attention in various contexts. However, there is relatively scant research on the ways in which acknowledgements are written by authors with mutually similar cultural backgrounds but in two different academic environments and language contexts. To fill this gap, this study compared 60 PhD dissertation acknowledgements written by Taiwanese postgraduates in Taiwan, an EFL context, with another 60 written by Taiwanese scholars who obtained their doctorates in the United States, an ESL context. The focus was on the generic structures and linguistic features of the writing styles of the two groups. The study aimed to investigate whether divergences existed in the two different academic and language settings, but with the writers sharing the same cultural and language background. If such divergences did exist, the likely causes would be explored. The results revealed that firstly, the participants in both contexts generally followed a three-tier structure when writing their dissertation acknowledgements, namely, reflecting, thanking, and announcing moves. However, academic conventions, institutional preferences and the language context, together with socio-cultural factors, affected their construction of moves/steps and their choice of linguistic elements. It was found that the rhetorical language in both corpora was relatively direct, emotional and precise.

  5. Hartford Gerontological Nursing Leaders: From Funding Initiative to National Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Cleave, Janet H; Szanton, Sarah L; Shillam, Casey; Rose, Karen; Rao, Aditi D; Perez, Adriana; O'Connor, Melissa; Walker, Rachel; Buron, Bill; Boltz, Marie; Bellot, Jennifer; Batchelor-Murphy, Melissa

    2016-01-01

    In 2000, the John A. Hartford Foundation established the Building Academic Geriatric Nursing Capacity Program initiative, acknowledging nursing's key role in the care of the growing population of older adults. This program has supported 249 nurse scientists with pre- and postdoctoral awards. As a result of the program's success, several Building Academic Geriatric Nursing Capacity Program awardees formed an alumni organization to continue to advance the quality care of older adults. This group of Building Academic Geriatric Nursing Capacity Program awardees joined others receiving support from the John A. Hartford Foundation nursing initiatives to grow a formal organization, the Hartford Gerontological Nursing Leaders (HGNL). The purpose of this article is to present the development, accomplishments, and challenges of the HGNL, informing other professional nursing organizations that are experiencing similar accomplishments and challenges. This article also demonstrates the power of a funding initiative to grow an organization dedicated to impact gerontological health and health care through research, practice, education, and policy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 3rd candidate

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : Hauviller First Name : Claude Dear colleague of CERN and ESO, For the first time, I am standing and requesting your support to become a member of the Governing Board of our Pension Fund. CERN staff member since 1974, I have already carried elective mandates: I have been Delegate to the Staff Council and Member of the Senior Staff Consultative Committee (the Nine). For the majority of us, our Pension Fund is our only social provident scheme and source of retirement income; I believe I can usefully contribute to its successful management and help ensure its balance. Our Fund reaches its majority: soon, there will be more beneficiaries tha...

  7. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 3

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : HAUVILLER First Name : Claude Dear colleague of CERN and ESO, For the first time, I am standing and requesting your support to become a member of the Governing Board of our Pension Fund. CERN staff member since 1974, I have already carried elective mandates: I have been Delegate to the Staff Council and Member of the Senior Staff Consultative Committee (the Nine). For the majority of us, our Pension Fund is our only social provident scheme and source of retirement income; I believe I can usefully contribute to its successful management and help ensure its balance. Our Fund reaches its majority: soon, there will be more beneficiaries tha...

  8. Pension fund excellence creating value for stakeholders

    CERN Document Server

    Ambachtsheer, Keith P.

    1998-01-01

    Internationally recognized experts in the field introduce their "business excellence paradigm". In this book, two leading pension fund experts lay out a comprehensive plan for effective fund management. With the help of domestic and global case studies they critically assess current approaches to pension fund management and isolate what works and what doesn't using their unique critically acclaimed "run-it-like-a-business" model. Keith P. Ambachtsheer (Toronto, Canada) is principle at KPA Advisory Service, Inc., a pension fund management consulting firm. He runs The Ambachtsheer Letter and cofounded Cost Effective Measurement, Inc., which monitors the performance of 300 of the world's largest asset funds. D. Don Ezra (Toronto, Canada) is Director of European Consulting at Frank Russell Co. His previous books include The Struggle for Pension Fund Wealth.

  9. GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    The Governing Board met on 4 September in its first session since the summer break. On this occasion, the Board invited the two actuaries entrusted with the three-yearly actuarial review of the Fund, MP Actuaires SA (Geneva) and AON Consulting (Brussels), to present their results. Although the two studies were conducted independently and simultaneously, the Governing Board noted that the underlying methodology was remarkably similar in both cases. Both actuaries adopted a stochastic approach, both performed analyses based on the closed-fund method and on the open-fund method, and both made an evaluation of the risks for the appreciation of the Fund's financial position. This methodology produced consistent results which, while not always identical, are superimposable in terms of their order of magnitude. Under the closed-fund method, which involves assessing the Fund's financial situation as if it were closed on the date of calculation without any new members being admitted, both actuaries conclude that the s...

  10. How does the domiciliation decision affect mutual fund fees?

    OpenAIRE

    Lang, Gunnar; Köhler, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze whether the domiciliation decision of mutual funds has an impact on fund fees. To explain the fee price-setting of mutual funds, we consider characteristics specific to funds, fund companies, and countries. We find that fees vary considerably across fund types and countries. Positive impacts of financial market integration can be confirmed, though funds set up under the UCITS directive are more expensive. If funds are sold in multiple countries it drives up fees; how...

  11. Board Structure in Swedish Mutual Funds Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kolosov, Pavel; Soltanmammedov, Shageldi

    2011-01-01

    Mutual funds attracted great attention of both shareholders and academics in last few decades. Mutual funds provide benefits like diversification, professional managements and reduced costs for individual shareholders. Shareholders invest their assets into mutual funds managed by professionals. Managers may have an incentive to use those assets to satisfy their own interests. They can achieve this by charging excessive fees or spending more on the perquisites. These unmatched interests of sha...

  12. Crowdfunding : Determinants of success and funding dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Crosetto, Paolo; Regner, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    Over the past years crowdfunding emerged as an alternative funding channel for entrepreneurs. In contrast to traditional financiers (banks, venture capital firms or angel investors), crowdfunding allows individuals to fund entrepreneurs directly even with small amounts. We received individual- level data from Startnext, the biggest crowdfunding platform in Germany, enabling us to investigate funding dynamics, explore pledgers' motivations and analyze projects' success determinants. We find su...

  13. The U.N. Population Fund: Background and the U.S. Funding Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-24

    Order Code RL32703 The U.N. Population Fund: Background and the U.S. Funding Debate Updated July 24, 2008 Luisa Blanchfield Analyst in International...The U.N. Population Fund: Background and the U.S. Funding Debate 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d...unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 The U.N. Population Fund: Background and the U.S. Funding Debate Summary

  14. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TURKISH TYPE A MUTUAL FUNDS AND PENSION STOCK FUNDS BY USING TOPSIS METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesrin ALPTEKIN

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, it is evaluated performance of Turkish Type A mutual funds and pension stock funds by using TOPSIS method which is a multicriteria decision making approach. Both of these funds compose of stocks in their portfolios, so it can be enabled to compare each other. Generally, mutual or pension funds are evaluated according to their risk and return. At this point, it is used traditional performance measurement techniques of funds like Sharpe ratio, Sortino ratio, Treynor index and Jensen’s alpha. TOPSIS method takes into consideration all of these fund performance measurement techniques and provides more reasonable performance measurement.

  15. 25 CFR 47.11 - Can these funds be used as matching funds for other Federal programs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EDUCATION UNIFORM DIRECT FUNDING AND SUPPORT FOR BUREAU-OPERATED SCHOOLS § 47.11 Can these funds be used as matching funds for other Federal programs? A Bureau-operated school may use funds that it receives under...

  16. 76 FR 62475 - Global X Funds, et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... defined below) of the Funds. In all cases, such Transaction Fees will be limited in accordance with... mutual fund. Instead, each Fund will be marketed as an ``exchange-traded fund'' or an ``ETF.'' All... underlying funds, excessive layering of fees and overly complex fund structures. Applicants believe that the...

  17. Regulating investment funds: Serbia vs. EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montiljo-Mihajlović Dijana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Law on Investment Funds ('Official Gazette of the RS', no. 46/06, 51/09, and 31/11 regulates the field of investment funds operating in Serbia. Bearing in mind that Serbia has been in the process of joining the EU, and that it faces the pending obligation of gradual acquisition of the EU solutions and harmonization of local regulations with the relevant EU directives, in this paper we analyze the room for amendments to the concerned Law, with a view to further harmonization of domestic regulations related to investment funds, and facilitation of the local fund industry's development.

  18. Opportunities for Funding at NSF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafafi, Zakya H.

    2009-03-01

    Materials science, inter- and multi-disciplinary in nature, provides the bridge to many areas of fundamental and applied sciences such as biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, computer sciences, and engineering. Strong links that may exist between materials science and other disciplines, such as biology or chemistry or physics, very often lead to novel applications and enable technologies of great benefit to our society. The Division of Materials Research (DMR) invested 274.0 M in FY 2008 and is estimated to invest 324.6 M in FY 2009 funding research and education as well as enabling tools & instrumentation for individual investigators, groups, centers, and national facilities. DMR programs cover a wide spectrum of materials research and education ranging from condensed matter and materials physics, solid-state and materials chemistry, multifunctional, hybrid, electronic, photonic, metallic, ceramic, polymeric, bio-materials, composites and nanostructures to list a few. New modes of funding, research opportunities and directions, such as the recent SOLAR solicitation, will be described. This Solar Energy Initiative launched jointly by three divisions, namely Chemistry, Materials Research and Mathematical Science is aimed at supporting truly interdisciplinary efforts that address the scientific challenges of highly efficient harvesting, conversion, and storage of solar energy. The goal of this new program is to create a new modality of linking the mathematical with the chemical and materials sciences to develop transformative paradigms based on the integrated expertise and synergy from three disciplinary communities. DMR is also seeking new ways to transform materials science and education, and make it more attractive as a career for bright, young women & men. A description will be given of several workshops held this year and planned for next year with this purpose in mind. Outreach programs that emphasize how the innovations resulting from materials research

  19. 24 CFR 1000.122 - May NAHASDA grant funds be used as matching funds to obtain and leverage funding, including any...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May NAHASDA grant funds be used as matching funds to obtain and leverage funding, including any Federal or state program and still be... Housing Activities § 1000.122 May NAHASDA grant funds be used as matching funds to obtain and leverage...

  20. Funding Students, Not Units: Moving Alabama from a Regressive Public School Funding State to a Progressive Public School Funding State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larkin, Brittany

    2016-01-01

    Two independent studies conducted by Baker, Sciarra, and Farrie (2015) and Augenblick, Palaich and Associates (2015) reveal Alabama's public school funding mechanism to be regressive and inequitable. The recommendation from both of these studies is to develop a funding formula including per pupil-based allocation and supplemental categorical…

  1. Genomics Research: World Survey of Public Funding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cook-Deegan Robert M

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the past two decades, genomics has evolved as a scientific research discipline. Genomics research was fueled initially by government and nonprofit funding sources, later augmented by private research and development (R&D funding. Citizens and taxpayers of many countries have funded much of the research, and have expectations about access to the resulting information and knowledge. While access to knowledge gained from all publicly funded research is desired, access is especially important for fields that have broad social impact and stimulate public dialogue. Genomics is one such field, where public concerns are raised for reasons such as health care and insurance implications, as well as personal and ancestral identification. Thus, genomics has grown rapidly as a field, and attracts considerable interest. Results One way to study the growth of a field of research is to examine its funding. This study focuses on public funding of genomics research, identifying and collecting data from major government and nonprofit organizations around the world, and updating previous estimates of world genomics research funding, including information about geographical origins. We initially identified 89 publicly funded organizations; we requested information about each organization's funding of genomics research. Of these organizations, 48 responded and 34 reported genomics research expenditures (of those that responded but did not supply information, some did not fund such research, others could not quantify it. The figures reported here include all the largest funders and we estimate that we have accounted for most of the genomics research funding from government and nonprofit sources. Conclusion Aggregate spending on genomics research from 34 funding sources averaged around $2.9 billion in 2003 – 2006. The United States spent more than any other country on genomics research, corresponding to 35% of the overall worldwide public

  2. EU POLICY ON EDUCATION FUNDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Cristina PANA

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available On average, EU countries allocate 6.4% of total public expenditure for the direct support of the public sector at all levels of education. In view of a more rational allocation of resources seriously diminished by the crisis there are made efforts to identify educational areas considered problematic in terms of accessing various education programs. This paper presents pre-school funding policies and policies to support families with preschool and school age children in the European Union through a comparative analysis of the focus group type. There are also presented concrete ways of achieving that family support such as tax cuts, family allowances or by taking into account certain factors in order to establish fees. In all countries where taxes are paid for pre-compulsory education (ISCED A there is a mechanism by which parental contributions can be adjusted according to the means available taking into account criteria such as family income, number of children, family status (children who live with one parent geographic area, etc.

  3. Administrator of 9/11 victim compensation fund to administer Hokie Spirit Memorial Fund distributions

    OpenAIRE

    Hincker, Lawrence

    2007-01-01

    Virginia Tech President Charles Steger has asked Kenneth R. Feinberg, who served as "Special Master of the federal September 11th Victim Compensation Fund of 2001," to administer distributions of the university Hokie Spirit Memorial Fund (HSMF).

  4. The amount of information provided in articles published in clinical anatomy and surgical and radiologic anatomy regarding human cadaveric materials and trends in acknowledging donors/cadavers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürses, İlke Ali; Coşkun, Osman; Gürtekin, Başak; Kale, Ayşin

    2016-12-01

    Appreciating the contribution of donor-cadavers to medical education is a well observed practice among anatomists. However, the appreciation of their contribution in research and scientific articles remains dubious. We aimed to evaluate how much data anatomists provide about specimens they have used and how frequently anatomists acknowledge their cadavers in published articles. We evaluated all articles performed on human cadaveric specimens that were published in Clinical Anatomy and Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy between January 2011 and December 2015. We evaluated how much data on the demographics, preservation method(s), source, and ethical/legal permissions regarding cadavers were provided. We also evaluated the number of articles that acknowledged donor-cadavers. The majority of articles provided demographic data (age and sex) and preservation method used in the article. The source of the specimens was not mentioned in 45.6 % of the articles. Only 26.2 % of the articles provided a degree of consent and only 32.4 % of the articles reported some form of ethical approval for the study. The cadavers and their families were acknowledged in 17.7 % of the articles. We observed that no standard method for reporting data has been established. Anatomists should collaborate to create awareness among the scientific community for providing adequate information regarding donor-cadavers, including source and consent. Acknowledging donor-cadavers and/or their families should also be promoted. Scientific articles should be used to create a transparent relationship of trust between anatomists and their society.

  5. Getting by on credit: how district health managers in Ghana cope with the untimely release of funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asante, Augustine D; Zwi, Anthony B; Ho, Maria T

    2006-01-01

    Background District health systems in Africa depend largely on public funding. In many countries, not only are these funds insufficient, but they are also released in an untimely fashion, thereby creating serious cash flow problems for district health managers. This paper examines how the untimely release of public sector health funds in Ghana affects district health activities and the way district managers cope with the situation. Methods A qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews was adopted. Two regions (Northern and Ashanti) covering the northern and southern sectors of Ghana were strategically selected. Sixteen managers (eight directors of health services and eight district health accountants) were interviewed between 2003/2004. Data generated were analysed for themes and patterns. Results The results showed that untimely release of funds disrupts the implementation of health activities and demoralises district health staff. However, based on their prior knowledge of when funds are likely to be released, district health managers adopt a range of informal mechanisms to cope with the situation. These include obtaining supplies on credit, borrowing cash internally, pre-purchasing materials, and conserving part of the fourth quarter donor-pooled funds for the first quarter of the next year. While these informal mechanisms have kept the district health system in Ghana running in the face of persistent delays in funding, some of them are open to abuse and could be a potential source of corruption in the health system. Conclusion Official recognition of some of these informal managerial strategies will contribute to eliminating potential risks of corruption in the Ghanaian health system and also serve as an acknowledgement of the efforts being made by local managers to keep the district health system functioning in the face of budgetary constraints and funding delays. It may boost the confidence of the managers and even enhance service delivery. PMID

  6. Pension Fund - ELECTIONS - Guillermo de la FUENTE

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND   This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: de la FUENTE First Name : Guillermo As CERN treasurer with 12 years experience in finance with a background in Economics coupled with a MBA, my main goal will be to enhance the Pension Fund yield. During 3 consecutive years, our Pension Fund has suffered negative real returns:-1.65% in 2000, -4.26% in 2001 and most probably a double-digit loss this year. In addition to that, we spend annually around CHF 6'000'000 in bank charges and external consultants fees. If we do not change this negative trend, the funding ratio of our Pension Fund might become weak. A more proactive internal fund management in conjunction with a performance-related remuneration to external participants would be some of the points I will propose in order to maximize Fund's y...

  7. 75 FR 26742 - Investing in Innovation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2010-11451] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Investing in Innovation Fund Catalog of Federal... (Development grants). AGENCY: Office of Innovation and Improvement, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice; Extension of the application deadline date for the Investing in Innovation Fund. SUMMARY: The Assistant...

  8. Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund: Strengthening of Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This project creates the authorization for capacity building support to develop and manage the Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund (LVIF). The fund aims to support the development of quality vaccines that are more affordable, available, and acceptable to small-scale farmers. It will also help ensure their use at scale.

  9. 75 FR 18407 - Investing in Innovation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-12

    ... CFR Chapter II RIN 1855-AA06 Investing in Innovation Fund Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA...: Office of Innovation and Improvement, Department of Education. ACTION: Final priorities, requirements..., definitions, and selection criteria (Final Rule) for the Investing in Innovation Fund. This document makes a...

  10. 76 FR 34969 - Investing in Innovation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... Investing in Innovation Fund AGENCY: Office of Innovation and Improvement, Department of Education. ACTION... Investing in Innovation Fund Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Numbers: 84.411A (Scale-up grants... Secretary for Innovation and Improvement announces pre-application meetings for the fiscal year (FY) 2011...

  11. 76 FR 32073 - Investing in Innovation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ... CFR Chapter II Investing in Innovation Fund AGENCY: Office of Innovation and Improvement, Department...: The Assistant Deputy Secretary for Innovation and Improvement amends the final priorities, requirements, and selection criteria under the Investing in Innovation Fund (i3) program as established in the...

  12. 75 FR 21614 - Investing in Innovation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Investing in Innovation Fund Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA...: Office of Innovation and Improvement, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice inviting applications for... FY 2010 (NIA) for the Investing in Innovation Fund. This notice makes a correction to the March 12...

  13. How Not to Fund Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelehan, Leesa

    2007-01-01

    In the increasingly research and innovation-driven landscape of higher education, the Federal Government's Teaching and Learning Fund is supposed to redress the balance. Leesa Wheelehan is unconvinced. She argues the fund simply encourages game-playing between institutions in manipulating their teaching outcomes, and rewards good teaching on…

  14. Explaining the performance of Chinese equity funds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, Xiaohong; Shi, Qiqiang

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the determinants of Chinese equity fund performance measured by market benchmark adjusted returns and risk adjusted return (Jensen’s Alpha). The sample covers 193 equity funds from January 2006 to December 2011, including both bear (2008 and 2011) and bull (2006, 2007, 2009, and

  15. Equity and Adequacy in Ohio School Funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Justin L.; Vesely, Randall S.

    2017-01-01

    This article explores state school funding in Ohio and examines the concepts of equity and adequacy. This is accomplished not by conducting an empirical study but through a thorough review of the current environment of school funding in the state. For Ohio, the concepts of equity and adequacy are especially pertinent when considering that Ohio's…

  16. Differentiating indexation in Dutch pension funds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beetsma, R.M.W.J.; Bucciol, A.

    2011-01-01

    Funded social security programs are particularly vulnerable to economic and financial market shocks. As a consequence of the recent crisis, a large fraction of the Dutch pension funds had to submit restoration plans for the recovery of their buffers. Such plans will have to rely primarily on a mix

  17. Mutual Fund Performance: Evidence From South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Faruk Tan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to evaluate the performance of South African equity funds between January 2009 and November 2014. This study period overlaps with the study period of quantitative easing during which developing economies in financial markets have been influenced severely. Thanks to the increase in the money supply directed towards the capital markets, a relief was experienced in related markets following the crisis period. During this 5-year 10-month period, in which the relevant quantitative easing continued, Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE yielded approximately %16 compounded on average, per year. In this study, South African equity funds are examined in order to compare these funds' performance within this period.Within this scope- 10 South African equity funds are selected. In order to measure these funds' performances, the Sharpe ratio (1966, Treynor ratio (1965, Jensen's alpha (1968 methods are used. Jensen's alpha is also used in identifying selectivity skills of fund managers. Furthermore, the Treynor & Mazuy (1966 and Henriksson & Merton (1981 regression analysis methods are applied to ascertain the market timing ability of fund managers. Furthermore, Treynor & Mazuy (1966 regression analysis method is applied for market timing ability of fund managers.

  18. Selecting the Optimum Army Stock Fund Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-01

    divisions: * Operations management * Financial management * Office organization * Performance analysis * Personnel. THE ARMY WHOLESALE STOCK FUND Operations...with DCSLOG. Office Organization Each MSC has a stock fund office, normally subordinate to the Directorate of Materiel Management, that is supervised...to subordinate elements of the retail divisions. Office Organization All ASF retail divisions are governed by OSD and HQDA guidance to operate their

  19. 78 FR 32991 - Connect America Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule... challenge process that will be used to finalize the list of areas that will be eligible for Connect America... known as the Connect America Fund through ``a combination of competitive bidding and a new forward...

  20. 77 FR 52616 - Connect America Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    .... 01-92, 96-45; WT Docket No. 10-208; DA 12-1155] Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications... certain rules relating to Phase I of the Connect America Fund. Commission staff have received informal inquiries from price cap companies on certain implementation aspects of the rules governing Connect America...

  1. 78 FR 44893 - Connect America Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule... information collection associated with the Commission's Universal Service--Connect America Fund, Report and... information collection requirements. DATES: The rules associated with the Connect America Phase II challenge...

  2. 78 FR 47211 - Connect America Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule... associated with the Commission's Universal Service--Connect America Fund, Report and Order and Further Notice...

  3. Further Evidence on Hedge Funds Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Claus Bang; Madsen, Peter Brink; Christensen, Michael

    2003-01-01

    In this analysis we identify dynamic hedge fund strategies quantitatively pursuing a Principal Component Analysis following Fung and Hsieh (1997). We extract five dominant hedge fund strategies each representing similar investment styles and analyse the performance of each strategy by employing...

  4. Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) funding protocol

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A funding protocol simply states the clinical indications for a particular procedure or treatment so that funders of ... The methodology used to develop a funding protocol is much shorter and simpler than that ... not a functional test (nuclear medicine stUdy or dobutamine echo), and therefore a positive test does not imply that ...

  5. Investment Primer for Green Revolving Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisbord, Dano

    2012-01-01

    Developing return-oriented green revolving funds (GRFs) is a rapidly growing trend at colleges and universities. A green revolving fund (GRF) is a special account designated for investment in on-campus projects that improve energy efficiency or decrease material use. GRFs invest in a variety of cost-saving initiatives, resulting in significant…

  6. 277 Entrepreneurship Education in Nigeria: Funding

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2010-10-17

    Oct 17, 2010 ... stakeholders in education strongly believed and agreed that entrepreneurship education could be funded by government through different forms of grants, effectively and efficiently if corruption, in every form, could be booted out. This way, Nigeria's wealth would be better and well channeled into funding.

  7. Government Hits Back At Funding Claims

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    THE Government has defended its record on funding science, following criticism from Durham University. Last week, the university's Physics Department wrote to John Denham, the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS), to express concern at an 80m shortfall in funding for the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC).

  8. Government hits back at funding claims

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The Government has defended its record on funding science, following criticism from Durham University. Last week, the university's Physics Department wrote to John Denham, the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS), to express concern at an 80m shortfall in funding for the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC).

  9. The Dark Side of Bank Wholesale Funding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, R.; Ratnovksi, L.

    2009-01-01

    Commercial banks increasingly use short-term wholesale funds to supplement traditional retail deposits. Existing literature mainly points to the "bright side" of wholesale funding: sophisticated financiers can monitor banks, disciplining bad ones but refinancing solvent ones. This paper models a

  10. Funding Alert Subscribe Confirmation | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Thank you. Please check your email ( ) to confirm your subscription to the IDRC Funding Alerts. Please note: the link in your confirmation email is valid for 3 days, so please reply promptly. We fund researchers driving global change. Careers · Contact Us · Subscribe · Unsubscribe · Site map. Follow us; Facebook · Twitter ...

  11. Information Content of Mutual Fund Portfolio Disclosure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Wang (Yu)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractAcademic financial economists have been keenly interested in the value of active portfolio management since the seminal paper of Jensen (1968). This book examines the information advantages that active mutual fund managers attain in financial markets through an analysis of disclosed fund

  12. Performance Evaluation of Investment (Mutual Funds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Povilas Vyšniauskas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency of an investment fund is one of the main components in evaluating the performance of the fund. This study seeks for introducing and comparing risk and performance evaluation ratios. The paper is aimed at testing the worked out ratios and at distinguishing between the best ones for the purpose of evaluating the performance of Lithuanian mutual funds. Scientific studies show that a standard deviation, alpha, beta, Sharpe and Treynor ratios are mostly employed for identifying the performance of mutual funds that are also compared with their benchmark index to establish if these funds are outperformed and if is it worth paying management fees to investment banks for managing mutual funds. Historical data were selected for the period from 2012-01-02 to 2013-10-15 analysing the prices of monthly funds. The paper points out the areas of a practical application of the proposed model for investment fund valuation, which may not only provide valuable outcomes for practitioners but also may inspire further research on this article.

  13. 31 CFR 281.4 - Guaranty funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guaranty funds. 281.4 Section 281.4 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE FOREIGN EXCHANGE OPERATIONS § 281.4 Guaranty funds...

  14. 46 CFR 298.33 - Escrow fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... furnished equipment, if any, unless such items, amounts and increases shall have been previously approved by... maturity results in a loss in the principal amount of the Escrow Fund invested in securities so sold or... may invest the Escrow Fund in obligations of the United States. We will deposit amounts in the Escrow...

  15. Unconventional funding of urban public transport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ubbels, B.J.; Nijkamp, P.

    2002-01-01

    In the past decade public authorities have developed a wealth of creative funding mechanisms to support transit systems. This paper offers a taxonomy of various unconventional funding mechanisms (i.e. outside the domain of charges for transit passengers or general taxation schemes), based on a

  16. Public Funds and Local Biotechnology Firm Creation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolympiris, C.; Kalaitzandonakes, N.; Miller, D.

    2014-01-01

    A long stream of academic literature has established that public funding towards research and development matters for economic growth because it relates to increases in innovation, productivity and the like. The impact of public funding on the creation of new firms has received less attention in

  17. The political origin of pension funding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perotti, E.; Schwienbacher, A.

    2007-01-01

    This paper argues that historical political preferences on the role of capital markets shaped national choices on pension reliance on private funding. Under democratic voting, a majority will support investor protection and a privately funded pension system when the middle class has significant

  18. Transdisciplinary EU Science Institute needs funds urgently

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vasbinder, J.W.; Andersson, B.; Arthur, W.B.; Boasson, M.; Scheffer, M.

    2010-01-01

    Europe's future hinges on funding transdisciplinary scientific collaboration. But career paths, peer recognition, publication channels and the public funding of science are still mostly geared to maintain and reinforce disciplinarity. We do not properly understand the effects of technology on the

  19. Transdisciplinary EU science institute needs funds urgently

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groen, T.P.; Vasbinder, Jan W.; Andersson, B.; Arthur, W. Brian; Boasson, Maarten; Boer, de Rob; Changeux, Jenb Pierre; Domingo, Esteban; Eigen, Manfred; Fersht, Alan; Frenkel, Daan; Rees, Martin; Huber, Robert; Hunt, Tim; Holland, John; May, Robert; Norby, Erling; Nijkamp, Peter; Lehn, Jean Marie; Rabbinge, Rudy; Scheffer, Maarten; Schuster, Peter; Serageldin, Ismail; Stuip, Jan; Vries, de Jan; Vierssen, van Wim; Willems, Rein

    2010-01-01

    Europe's future hinges on funding transdisciplinary scientific collaboration. But career paths, peer recognition, publication channels and the public funding of science are still mostly geared to maintain and reinforce disciplinarity. We do not properly understand the effects of technology on the

  20. Western Michigan University: Quasi-Revolving Fund. Green Revolving Funds in Action: Case Study Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingsley, Christina

    2011-01-01

    Western Michigan University has designed an innovative "Quasi-Revolving Fund" model that demonstrates the institution's full commitment to incorporating sustainability into campus operations. The Quasi-Revolving Fund recaptures money from cost-savings, similar to a typical green revolving fund, but it also sources capital from the…

  1. Why Can't Ohio Equitably Fund Public Education? Education Reform Stifling Equitable Education Funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Carlee Escue

    2015-01-01

    Ohio has a long history of school funding inequity. This manuscript provides a brief history of Ohio education funding, the equity and adequacy concerns. Education reform efforts have been expanding while the appropriate management of the funding mechanism has been underfunded or entirely ignored. The researcher examines the negative impact of…

  2. Fund allocation using capacitated vehicle routing problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita; Darus, Maslina

    2014-09-01

    In investment fund allocation, it is unwise for an investor to distribute his fund into several assets simultaneously due to economic reasons. One solution is to allocate the fund into a particular asset at a time in a sequence that will either maximize returns or minimize risks depending on the investor's objective. The vehicle routing problem (VRP) provides an avenue to this issue. VRP answers the question on how to efficiently use the available fleet of vehicles to meet a given service demand, subjected to a set of operational requirements. This paper proposes an idea of using capacitated vehicle routing problem (CVRP) to optimize investment fund allocation by employing data of selected stocks in the FTSE Bursa Malaysia. Results suggest that CRVP can be applied to solve the issue of investment fund allocation and increase the investor's profit.

  3. Spring report of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    In this column, the Chairman of the Pension Fund Governing Board (PFGB) will regularly present the latest main decisions, initiatives and accomplishments of the Governing Board to the members and beneficiaries of the Fund.   Since my last report in April, I am pleased to report the following progress.  On the recommendation of the Finance Committee, the CERN Council approved the updated Financial Regulations of the Fund at its June session, with immediate effect. The approval of the Financial Regulations completes a key part of the regulatory framework of the Fund’s operations. Also in June, the Council approved the Financial Statements of the CERN Pension Fund for 2011.  The Financial Statements had been certified by the Italian Court of Audit (CERN’s External Auditor), which gave its report to Council. 2011 was the first year during which the audit-related provisions of the updated Fund Rules were fully implemented. On the investments side, the F...

  4. GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    All members and beneficiaries of the Pension Fund are invited to attend the Annual General Asssembly to be held in the CERN Auditorium on Wednesday 2 October 2002 at 14.30 hrs The Agenda comprises: Opening Remarks (P. Levaux) Recent trends in the technical balance of pension funds (C. Cuénoud) Annual Report 2001: Presentation and results (C. Cuénoud) Copies of the Report are available from divisional secretariats. Position of the CERN Pension Fund with respect to market developments (G. Maurin) Questions from members and beneficiaries Persons wishing to ask questions are encouraged to submit them, where possible, in writing in advance, addressed to Mr C. Cuénoud, Administrator of the Fund. Conclusions (P. Levaux) As usual, participants are invited to drinks after the assembly. NB The minutes of the 2001 General Assembly are available from the Administration of the Fund (tel.(+4122)767 9194; e-mail Graziella.Praire@cern.ch)

  5. The influences on women who choose publicly-funded home birth in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catling, Christine; Dahlen, Hannah; Homer, Caroline S E

    2014-07-01

    to explore the influences on women who chose a publicly-funded home birth in one Australian state. a constructivist grounded theory methodology was used. a publicly-funded home birth service located within a tertiary referral hospital in the southern suburbs of Sydney, Australia. data were collected though semi-structured interviews of 17 women who chose to have a publicly-funded home birth. six main categories emerged from the data. These were feeling independent, strong and confident, doing it my way, protection from hospital related activities, having a safety net, selective listening and telling, and engaging support. The core category was having faith in normal. This linked all the categories and was an overriding attitude towards themselves as women and the process of childbirth. The basic social process was validating the decision to have a home birth. women reported similar influences to other studies when choosing home birth. However, the women in this study were reassured by the publicly-funded system׳s 'safety net' and apparent seamless links with the hospital system. The flexibility of the service to permit women to change their minds to give birth in hospital, and essentially choose their birthplace at any time during pregnancy or labour was also appreciated. women that choose a publicly-funded home birth service describe strong influences that led them to home birth within this model of care. Service managers and health professionals need to acknowledge the importance of place of birth choice for women. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Fund liquidation, self-selection and look-ahead bias in the hedge fund industry

    OpenAIRE

    Horst, Jenke; Verbeek, Marno

    2004-01-01

    A wide range of empirical biases hampers hedge fund databases. In this paper we focus upon survival-related biases and disentangle look-ahead biases due to self-selection of funds and due to fund termination. Self-selection arises because funds voluntarily report their information to data vendors and may decide to stop doing so. By extending existing methodology, we analyze persistence in hedge fund performance over the period 1994-2000, taking into account the above biases. The results show ...

  7. The potential for biodiversity offsetting to fund effective invasive species control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, David A; Warburton, Bruce

    2015-02-01

    Compensating for biodiversity losses in 1 location by conserving or restoring biodiversity elsewhere (i.e., biodiversity offsetting) is being used increasingly to compensate for biodiversity losses resulting from development. We considered whether a form of biodiversity offsetting, enhancement offsetting (i.e., enhancing the quality of degraded natural habitats through intensive ecological management), can realistically secure additional funding to control biological invaders at a scale and duration that results in enhanced biodiversity outcomes. We suggest that biodiversity offsetting has the potential to enhance biodiversity values through funding of invasive species control, but it needs to meet 7 key conditions: be technically possible to reduce invasive species to levels that enhance native biodiversity; be affordable; be sufficiently large to compensate for the impact; be adaptable to accommodate new strategic and tactical developments while not compromising biodiversity outcomes; acknowledge uncertainties associated with managing pests; be based on an explicit risk assessment that identifies the cost of not achieving target outcomes; and include financial mechanisms to provide for in-perpetuity funding. The challenge then for conservation practitioners, advocates, and policy makers is to develop frameworks that allow for durable and effective partnerships with developers to realize the full potential of enhancement offsets, which will require a shift away from traditional preservation-focused approaches to biodiversity management. © 2014 Society for Conservation Biology.

  8. Funding ATLAS 2012 key indicators for publicly funded research in Germany

    CERN Document Server

    Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

    2013-01-01

    The Funding ATLAS is a reporting system (previously referred to as the Funding Ranking) employed by the German Research Foundation (DFG) to provide information in the form of indicators of key developments in publicly funded research in Germany every three years. This English version of the Funding ATLAS 2012 presents selected findings from the more comprehensive German edition. At the core of the report are indicators that provide information on which subject areas have received funding at higher education and other research institutions in the period 2008-2010. This report also includes, as a supplement not found in the German edition, the decisions on the Excellence Initiative, which were taken shortly after the German edition of the Funding ATLAS 2012 was published. The report also addresses the subject of internationality by presenting selected indicators that show how attractive Germany's research institutions are for visiting scientists. In summary, the DFG Funding ATLAS furnishes reliable indicators o...

  9. Pension Fund - ELECTIONS - Guillermo de la FUENTE

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND   This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: de la FUENTE First Name : Guillermo  As CERN treasurer with 12 years experience in finance with a background in Economics coupled with a MBA, my main goal will be to enhance the Pension Fund yield. During 3 consecutive years, our Pension Fund has suffered negative real returns:-1.65% in 2000, -4.26% in 2001 and most probably a double-digit loss this year. In addition to that, we spend annually around CHF 6'000'000 in bank charges and external consultants fees. If we do not change this negative trend, the funding ratio of our Pension Fund might become weak. A more proactive internal fund management in conjunction with a performance-related remuneration to external participants would be some of the points I will propose in order...

  10. DEVELOPMENT OF KOSOVO PENSION SAVING TRUST FUND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ymer Havolli

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Pension system in Kosovo has experienced various developments in the last three decades. These changes have been driven by both, political and economic developments. The political developments were most important, especially that the previous system failed due to the lack of access to the fund in the post-war Kosovo. The newly established system in post-war Kosovo continues its operations with principles of modern pension fund, savings-based. KPST was established by Law in December 2001 as a not-for-profit institution. As such, the sole objective of KPST is to serve only the best interests of its contributors. KPST is funded in a similar way as are all defined contribution pension funds i.e. by charging fees on assets under management (pension assets. KPST is funded in a similar way as are all defined contribution pension funds i.e. by charging fees on assets under management (pension assets. Throughout this discussion paper, the implications of the crisis, management, asset management issues and most importantly, investment strategy are discussed and some potential solutions to these problems are proposed in order to increase the flexibility of the fund to improve performance in times of crisis.

  11. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 5th candidate

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate :  Name : Sonnemann  First Name : Florian Since my arrival at CERN in 1997 I have worked in the accelerator and administrative sectors. I have recently been elected as member of the Staff Council and of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association in which I am actively following matters concerning the Pension Fund. My candidature for the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is mainly motivated to add my part in ensuring a solid financial situation of the Pension Fund. The Pension Fund is our only social security system. I wish to play a role in ensuring that the pensions will remain a secure revenue for all staff membe...

  12. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 5

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate :  Name : Sonnemann  First Name : Florian Since my arrival at CERN in 1997 I have worked in the accelerator and administrative sectors. I have recently been elected as member of the Staff Council and of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association in which I am actively following matters concerning the Pension Fund. My candidature for the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is mainly motivated to add my part in ensuring a solid financial situation of the Pension Fund. The Pension Fund is our only social security system. I wish to play a role in ensuring that the pensions will remain a secure revenue for all staff membe...

  13. Good Stewards, Cheap Talkers, or Family Men? The Impact of Mutual Fund Closures on Fund Managers, Flows, Fees, and Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Arturo Bris; Huseyin Gulen; Padmaja Kadiyala; Raghavendra Rau

    2005-01-01

    We examine a sample of 125 equity mutual funds that closed to new investment between 1993 and 2004. We find that funds close following a period of superior performance and abnormal fund inflows. Fund managers raise their fees when they close to compensate managers for losses in income due to the restrictions in size imposed by the fund closure decision. Managers reopen when fund size declines. However, they do not earn superior returns after re-opening, suggesting that the fund closure decisi...

  14. 25 CFR 170.301 - Can a tribe use IRR Program funds to leverage other funds or pay back loans?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a tribe use IRR Program funds to leverage other funds... Financing § 170.301 Can a tribe use IRR Program funds to leverage other funds or pay back loans? (a) A tribe can use IRR Program funds to leverage other funds. (b) A tribe can use IRR Program funds to pay back...

  15. Value for Money in Donor HIV Funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linnemayr, Sebastian; Ryan, Gery W; Liu, Jenny; Palar, Kartika

    2012-01-01

    Countries with the highest burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease are heavily reliant on donor funding from such sources as the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria for their HIV programs. In recent years, commitments from these organizations have flattened while demand for HIV/AIDS care continues to rise. To meet the continued need for more HIV services in developing countries, existing resources need to be better leveraged, i.e., to provide improved value for the money. This article examines options for improving value for money in HIV funding by using a case study that focuses on the two largest funders, PEPFAR and the Global Fund, with funding for antiretroviral therapy (ART) as its leading example. The authors' assessment of available input and output data suggests that current spending allocations across direct and indirect services are not based on increasing value for money. The authors recommend that expenditure data for PEPFAR be made available to the public in a transparent fashion on an annual basis in a usable format and that the Global Fund make its data accessible for each program funded. They find that program output indicators to track indirect services are incomplete and need to be further developed. The trade-off between providing current services and providing future ones needs to be stated clearly, and funding decisions made accordingly. Finally, given projections that funding for HIV will likely not increase, particularly for low-income countries facing the highest HIV burden, an explicit emphasis on improving value for money by finding ways to better leverage existing monies is imperative.

  16. Annual Information Meeting of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    All members and beneficiaries of the Pension Fund are invited to attend the Annual Information Meeting.   Annual Information Meeting to be held in the CERN Council Chamber on Tuesday, 16 September 2014 from 9.00 a.m. to 10.30 a.m. Copies of the 2013 Pension Fund Financial Statements are already available in accessible PDF on the Pension Fund website and will also be distributed at this session. Coffee and croissants will be served prior to the meeting as of 8:30 a.m. N.B. Date change: 16 September 2014

  17. Fundamentals of Ukrainian land fund management

    OpenAIRE

    V.Yu. Shkola; M.D. Domashenko; A.V. Kuchmiyov; K.S. Novak

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the article. The establishment of a land-use rational system, based on the effective state regulation of the Ukrainian Land Fund, is one of the main state tasks to solve problems in land resources and environmental management. The goal of the article is to improve the fundamentals to manage land resources of Ukraine. For its solution the following tasks are set: to analyze current state and structure of the Ukrainian land fund; to examine methods and forms of land fund management; ...

  18. A sunny spell at the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2006-01-01

    It is always nice to receive good news, especially at this time. That of the disappearance of the Organization's debt to the Pension Fund, by a Council decision in June, was a relief to us. That of the very good return in 2005 (+12.4%) on the Fund's investments only partly reassured us after carefully reading the last report by the actuary. In his last editorial (CERN Bulletin 27/28), the Director-General considers that "the news from the Pension Fund is good". We are not so optimistic.

  19. 25 CFR 87.11 - Investment of judgment funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investment of judgment funds. 87.11 Section 87.11 Indians... JUDGMENT FUNDS § 87.11 Investment of judgment funds. As soon as possible after the appropriation of... distribution of the funds, the Commissioner shall invest such funds pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 162a. Investments of...

  20. E-Commerce New Venture Performance: How Funding Impacts Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, R. H.

    2001-01-01

    Explores the three primary methods of funding for e-commerce startups and the impact that funding criteria have had on the resulting organizational cultures. Highlights include self-funded firms; venture capital funding; corporate funding; and a table that compares the three types, including examples. (LRW)