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Sample records for rak przytarczyc opis

  1. Pollen Contents Of Commercial Honeys Of Opi, Nsukka, Enugu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pollen Contents Of Commercial Honeys Of Opi, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria. ... Abstract. Pollen analyses of seven honey samples from Opi-Nsukka Mini market were evaluated for their pollen composition. The results ... HOW TO USE AJOL.

  2. The structural requirements of organophosphorus insecticides (OPI) for reducing chicken embryo NAD(+) content in OPI-induced teratogenesis in chickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seifert, Josef

    2016-05-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the structural requirements of organophosphorus insecticides (OPI) for reducing chicken embryo nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) content in OPI-induced teratogenesis and compare them with those needed for OPI inhibition of yolk sac membrane kynurenine formamidase (KFase), the proposed primary target for OPI teratogens in chicken embryos. The comparative molecular field analysis (COMFA) of three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D QSAR) revealed the electrostatic and steric fields as good predictors of OPI structural requirements to reduce NAD(+) content in chicken embryos. The dominant electrostatic interactions were localized at nitrogen-1, nitrogen-3, nitrogen of 2-amino substituent of the pyrimidinyl of pyrimidinyl phosphorothioates, and at the oxygen of crotonamide carbonyl in crotonamide phosphates. Bulkiness of the substituents at carbon-6 of the pyrimidinyls and/or N-substituents of crotonamides was the steric structural component that contributed to superiority of those OPI for reducing embryonic NAD(+) levels. Both electrostatic and steric requirements are similar to those defined in our previous study for OPI inhibition of chicken embryo yolk sac membrane KFase. The findings of this study provide another piece of evidence for the cause-and-effect relationship between yolk sac membrane KFase inhibition and reduced embryo NAD(+) content in NAD-associated OPI-induced teratogenesis in chickens. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Beware the obsequious physician executive (OPIE but embrace dyad leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated after 150 words. Obsequious is defined as “obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree”. Obsequious comes from the Latin root sequi, meaning "to follow”. An Obsequious PhysIcian Executive (OPIE is more likely to be servile to the hospital administration than a leader of the medical staff. This is not surprising since they are chosen for “leadership” position not by the physicians they purportedly lead, but by the hospital administration they serve. OPIEs become the administration’s representative to the physicians and not the physicians’ or patients’ representative to the administration. Their job often becomes keeping the medical staff “in-line” rather than putting the success of the medical center first. My own views have developed over 40 years of observing OPIE behavior in a multitude of medical centers. Although there are many exceptions, OPIEs often share certain characteristics: 1. Academic failure. OPIEs are usually academic failures. They are the antithesis of the triple …

  4. Overview of the NKS/RAK-1 project 'Strategies for reactor safety' and linkages to piping reliability studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andersson, Kjell

    1997-01-01

    The NKS/RAK-1 project forms part of a four-year research program (1994-97) in the Nordic countries. The general objective of NKS/RAK-1 project is to explore strategies for reactor safety: to investigate and evaluate the safety work, to increase realism and reliability of safety analysis; and to increase the safety of nuclear installations in selected areas. The project has done extensive interview work at utilities and authorities, and analysed a number of case studies. Brief highlights and overviews of the sub-projects are presented in this paper

  5. IMPLEMENTASI DATA MINING UNTUK PENENTUAN POSISI BARANG PADA RAK MENGGUNAKAN METODE APRIORI PADA PT MIDI UTAMA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Aprizal

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Alfamidi merupakan objek penelitian mengalami permasalahan pada posisi penempatan barang pada rak jualan masih kurang tertata, karena kurang teraturnya posisi barang pad arak mengakibatkan terkadang ada barang yang dicari oleh konsumen tapi malah tidak ditemuka di bagian rak, yang berdampak pada pengurangan daya minat pembeli. Penelitian ini menggunakan algoritma apriori untuk mengklasifikasikan data transaksi penjualan dengan menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP. Diharapkan penelitian ini dapat membantu pihak Alfamidi untuk menyusun penempatan produk yang dijual. Kata Kunci : Data Mining, Algoritma Apriori, lokasi barang.

  6. Architecture and Functionality of the Advanced Life Support On-Line Project Information System (OPIS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, John A.; Levri, Julie A.; Morrow, Rich; Cavazzoni, Jim; Rodriquez, Luis F.; Riano, Rebecca; Whitaker, Dawn R.

    2004-01-01

    An ongoing effort is underway at NASA Amcs Research Center (ARC) tu develop an On-line Project Information System (OPIS) for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. The objective of this three-year project is to develop, test, revise and deploy OPIS to enhance the quality of decision-making metrics and attainment of Program goals through improved knowledge sharing. OPIS will centrally locate detailed project information solicited from investigators on an annual basis and make it readily accessible by the ALS Community via a web-accessible interface. The data will be stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQL(Trademark) located on a secure server at NASA ARC. OPE will simultaneously serve several functions, including being an R&TD status information hub that can potentially serve as the primary annual reporting mechanism. Using OPIS, ALS managers and element leads will be able to carry out informed research and technology development investment decisions, and allow analysts to perform accurate systems evaluations. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will serve to educate technology developers of programmatic needs. OPIS will collect comprehensive information from all ALS projects as well as highly detailed information specific to technology development in each ALS area (Waste, Water, Air, Biomass, Food, Thermal, and Control). Because the scope of needed information can vary dramatically between areas, element-specific technology information is being compiled with the aid of multiple specialized working groups. This paper presents the current development status in terms of the architecture and functionality of OPIS. Possible implementation approaches for OPIS are also discussed.

  7. Twardzina ograniczona pęcherzowa – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta Meszyńska

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Pęcherze pojawiające się w obrębie zmian typu twardzinyograniczonej są rzadko opisywane. Etiologia ich powstawaniajest wieloczynnikowa. Najczęściej rozważany jest ucisk blaszek twardzinowychna naczynia limfatyczne. Twardzina pęcherzowa wymagaróżnicowania z liszajem twardzinowym i zanikowym, w którym u częścichorych obserwuje się występowanie pęcherzy. Cel pracy: Przedstawienie przypadku 41-letniej kobiety z twardzinąograniczoną (morphea, u której w 15. roku trwania choroby wystąpiłypęcherze w obrębie ognisk twardzinowych. Opis przypadku: U 41-letniej kobiety z trwającymi od 15 lat ogniskamimorphea wystąpiły nadżerki oraz pęcherze krwotoczne w obrębieognisk stwardniałych. Badanie histopatologiczne wykazało obrzękskóry właściwej oraz obecność pęcherzy podnaskórkowych. Badaniaimmunologiczne (metoda immunofluorescencji pośredniej i bezpośredniejbyły negatywne. Obraz kliniczny i histopatologiczny pozwoliłna rozpoznanie odmiany pęcherzowej twardziny ograniczonej (morpheabullosa. Zmiany pęcherzowe ustąpiły po 40 dniach leczeniacefalosporynami (cefuroksym. Wnioski: Morphea bullosa jest rzadką odmianą twardziny skórnej, którawymaga różnicowania z liszajem twardzinowym i zanikowym orazautoimmunologicznymi, podnaskórkowymi chorobami pęcherzowymi.Wykwity pęcherzowe w obrębie ognisk morphea mogą wystąpićnawet po wielu latach utrzymywania się typowych blaszek stwardnieniowych.

  8. NKS/RAK-2. Protection against radioactive release in reactor accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lindholm, I.

    1995-01-01

    The work scope of RAK-2 project is divided into three subprojects: 1. Severe accident phenomenology. 2. Computerized accident management. 3. Reactors in Nordic surroundings. All three subprojects are ongoing. The project work on three subareas is in general progressing according to the time schedule and budget. The construction of melt jet breakup test facility at Kungliga Tekniska Hoegskolan (KTH) has been delayed due to complexity of the test arrangement and due to meeting the necessary safety requirements connected to tests mixing water and high temperature melts. Because of the delay in melt jet break up tests a slight redirection of the KTH work for NKS was taken. The present KTH work concentrates on theoretical studies of melt pool behavior in the lower head and on theoretical/experimental studies on core melt discharge from the pressure vessel failure. It is expected that single drop melt-water interaction experiments to study the thermal fragmentation phenomenon will begin in very early 1996. The recriticality studies are well underway, but the work is proposed to continue in 1996 to get more analyses carried out. (au)

  9. Embryo yolk sac membrane kynurenine formamidase of l-tryptophan to NAD+ pathway as a primary target for organophosphorus insecticides (OPI) in OPI-induced NAD-associated avian teratogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seifert, Josef

    2017-10-01

    The objective of this study was to provide in ovo evidence for the proposed role of kynurenine formamidase of l-tryptophan to NAD + pathway in embryo yolk sac membranes as a primary target for organophosphorus insecticide (OPI) teratogens in OPI-induced NAD-associated avian teratogenesis. Slices prepared from yolk sac membranes or embryo livers of chicken eggs treated with the OPI dicrotophos and/or methyl parathion were incubated with l-tryptophan. Yolk sac membrane slices metabolized l-tryptophan in the pathway to NAD + before that function was established in livers. OPI interfered in ovo with the second step of l-tryptophan to NAD + biosynthesis by inhibiting kynurenine formamidase. Its inhibition due to the teratogen dicrotophos occurred in yolk sac membranes during the period of embryo highest susceptibility to OPI teratogens in contrast to delayed and lower inhibition caused by the nonteratogen methyl parathion. Both OPI affected liver kynurenine formamidase in a similar manner. The onsets of liver enzyme inhibition, however, were delayed by about two days and occurred at the time of the reduced embryo susceptibility to teratogens. The early disruption of l-tryptophan metabolism and higher inhibition of kynurenine formamidase in yolk sac membranes may be the factors that determine action of OPI as teratogens in chicken embryos. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Analisa Perpindahan Panas Keadaan Tunak Pada Pengering Jagung Tipe Rumah Kaca Variasi Lubang Ventilasi Dan Rak Alumunium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunita Djamalu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Sebagian besar Masyarakat Gorontalo adalah petani jagung, selain di konsumsi sendiri, jagung juga di olah menjadiberbagai macam olahan makanan sebagai mata pencaharian Masyarakat Bahkan sebagian jagung juga ada yang dieksport ke luar daerah. Untuk itu Mutu jagung yang di hasilkan harus selalu di perhatikan, Mutu jagung sangatbergantung pada proses pasca panen terutama pada proses pengeringan. Tujuan utama dari proses pengeringanadalah untuk menurunkan kadar air jagung hingga mencapai keadaan yang aman dari kerusakan untuk jangka waktutertentu. Untuk itu penulis mendesain ulang peralatan pengeringan dengan memanfaatkan energy surya sebagaisumber pemanas yang dikenal juga dengan alat Pengering Efek Rumah Kaca dengan Variasi Lubang Ventilasi dan rakpengering yang terbuat dari alumunium. Proses eksperimen dalam pengujian alat pengering Efek Rumah Kaca inimemerlukan waktu beberapa hari. Dari grafik yang terlihat bahwa rak alumunium lebih baik dari pada rak kaca. Untukmendapatkan hasil yang lebih cepat proses pengeringan perlu dimodelkan dengan menggunakan persamaanmatematis.Kata Kunci: Jagung, Pengering Energy Surya, Efek Rumah Kaca, Variasi Lubang Ventilasi, Rak Alumunium Abstract: Most of Gorontalo Society is a corn farmer , in addition to its own consumption , corn is also in the process into a widevariety of processed foods as a livelihood Society majority of maize is also a fact that in the export to other regions . Forthe quality of the corn produced must always be noticed is very dependent on the quality of corn post-harvestprocessing, especially in the drying process. The main purpose of the drying process is to lower the moisture content ofcorn until it reaches a state that is safe from damage for a certain period of time. To the authors redesign dryingequipment by utilizing solar energy as a source of heating which is also known as the Greenhouse Effect dryerapparatus with ventilation holes and a variation of the drying rack made

  11. Analysis on Ga-Rak market workers' disease and treatment of Traditional Korean Medicine(TKM (pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoo, Jae Ryong

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective : To broaden our understanding on occupational disease of market workers and to evaluate the effect of TKM treatment focusing on acupuncture and herb medicine and to promote base studies and clinical trials on occupational disease. Materials and Methods : Analysis was done on 33 Ga-Rak market workers' chart which had been selected through investigation of 1508 outpatient's chart of Kyung Won University Hospital from Jun. 1st, 2002 to May. 31th, 2003. Results : 1. Out of 33 patients, Men had more occupational diseases than women had and Most people were in their forties. 2. Major cause of the disease include repetitve bending, heavy weight lifting and overwork. 3. Past History of patients mostly include frequent lumbar sprain, periarthritis of shoulder, lumbar HNP. 4. The patients with occupational disease were diagnosed as lumbar sprain, periarthritis of shoulder, lumbar HNP, degenerative spondylosis, spinal stenosis and their chief complaints were low back pain, omalgia, back pain with radicular pain. 5. The duration of treatment was mostly within a week. 6. Acupuncture, Bee Venom Acupuncture, moxibustion, Herb-medicine, extract, taping therapy, physical therapy were used as treatment methods. 7. Applied herb medicine were composed of 8 kinds of prescriptions and extract were made up of 6 prescriptions 8. Applied acupoints belonged mainly to 14 meridians 9. The treatment of herb medicine combined with acupuncture proved effective in treating the ocupational disease. conclusions : The occupational disease of patients working in Ga-Rak market were closely related with overwork, especially with repetitive bending and heavy weight lifting and TKM treatment focusing on acupuncture combined with herb medicine was effective in treating occupational disease.

  12. Improving treatment with methotrexate in rheumatoid arthritis-development of a multimedia patient education program and the MiRAK, a new instrument to evaluate methotrexate-related knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciciriello, Sabina; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Osborne, Richard H; Wicks, Ian P

    2014-02-01

    To develop and test an evidence-based, multimedia patient education program (MPEP) about methotrexate (MTX) treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a new measure of patient knowledge [Methotrexate in Rheumatoid Arthritis Knowledge test (MiRAK)]. The content of the MPEP and MiRAK was guided by concept-mapping workshops with patients (N = 24), literature review, health professional, and expert linguistic input. The MPEP and MiRAK underwent multiple stages of testing and revision with patients and health professionals. The MiRAK was administered to RA patients (N = 169) and its properties examined using the Rasch analyses. A subset of respondents (N = 131) repeated the MiRAK to determine test-retest reliability. A before-after pilot study with patients who had recently started MTX (N = 31) tested responsiveness of the MiRAK and feasibility and acceptability of the MPEP. A DVD of 24-minutes duration was produced that presents detailed, evidence-based information about MTX. The Rasch analyses of the 60 MiRAK items revealed that these could be summated into a single score. The MiRAK had good model fit, supporting internal construct validity, good internal consistency (person separation index; 0.84), test-retest reliability (ICC; 0.89), and ability to detect change (ES; 2.38). The before-after study suggested that patients could self-administer the MPEP, with the majority finding it informative and easy to use. We developed a MPEP about MTX treatment for RA, which was found to be user-friendly and easily implementable. The MiRAK is a new scale, testing a broad spectrum of MTX knowledge. Analyses revealed strong evidence for its validity and reliability. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. PEMANFAATAN LM35 SEBAGAI SENSOR SUHU OTOMATIS PADA SISEM PENGONTROLAN SUHU RUANGAN PENGERING (STUDI KASUS : PENGERING TIPE RAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Rahayuningtyas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aliran udara dan suhu pada ruang pengering memegang peranan penting dalam proses pengeringan suatu produk. Laju penguapan air bahan dalam pengeringan sangat ditentukan oleh kenaikan suhu. Pada penelitian ini pengontrolan suhu ruang pengering dilakukan dengan merancang bangun sensor suhu dengan menggunakan LM35 dan berbasis mikrokontroler ATMEGA 8535. Input berupa suhu disensor oleh LM35 yang kemudian diolah dan dikontrol oleh mikrokontroler. Keluaran dari mikrokontroler berupa nilai bacaan suhu yang akan ditampilan pada LCD display 16 x 2. Pengamatan ini bertujuan untuk menguji parameter teknis yang terkait dengan unjuk kerja mesin pengering tipe rak meliputi sebaran suhu dengan konveksi paksa menggunakan kipas mekanik. Pengamatan dilakukan pada suhu 50ºC dan 60ºC, dengan 2 buah kipas dengan kecepatan masing-masing 3,9 m/dt dan 4,7 m/dt. Setiap 30 menit data suhu pada 6 titik diambil dalam ruang pengering. Dengan membandingkan hasil pengukuran dengan menggunakan sensor suhu LM35 dan termometer raksa dapat terlihat bahwa tidak terjadi perbedaan suhu yang jauh. Jika terdapat perbedaan hasil pembacaan, hal tersebut masih diijinkan karena nilainya berada dalam jangkauan toleransi. Perbedaan ini juga dipengaruhi oleh tata letak kipas yang mengakibatkan perbedaan hembusan udara dan berpengaruh pada rataan suhu dalam ruang pengering.

  14. Jan Rak and Michael J. Tannenbaum present the book "High-pT physics in the heavy ion era"

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Thursday 13 June 2013 from 4 p.m. to 5 p.m. in the Library, Bldg. 52 1-052 The book provides an overview of the basic concepts of large transverse momentum particle physics, with a focus on pQCD phenomena. It examines high-pT probes of relativistic heavy-ion collisions and will serve as a handbook for those working on RHIC and LHC data analyses. Starting with an introduction and review of the field, the authors look at basic observables and experimental techniques, concentrating on relativistic particle kinematics, before moving onto a discussion about the origins of high-pT physics. The main features of high-pT physics are placed within a historical context and the authors adopt an experimental outlook, highlighting the most important discoveries leading up to the foundation of modern QCD theory. High-pT physics in the heavy ion era, by Jan Rak and Michael J. Tannenbaum,  Cambridge University Press, 2013, ISBN  9780521190299. *Coffee will be served from 3 p.m.*

  15. Underpricing y subvaluación en las OPI de Perú y Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Zavala Rocha, Dorita Cristina; Freire Figueroa, Guillermo Pedro; Venero Di Baja, Ian Carlo

    2015-01-01

    El fenómeno del underpricing en la oferta pública inicial (OPI) se viene estudiando hace ya varias décadas, y se refiere al retorno positivo del primer día de la acción, calculado como la diferencia entre el precio de cierre del primer día de cotización y el precio de emisión pactado entre el emisor y el banco de inversión. Por otro lado, también existe el overpricing, es decir, al fenómeno que sucede cuando el precio de cierre del primer día de negociaciones es menor que el precio de oferta....

  16. Nawracające obwodowe porażenie nerwu twarzowego – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Figlus

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Zespół Melkerssona–Rosenthala jest klasycznie definiowany jako triada objawów pod postacią nawracającego obwodowego porażenia nerwu twarzowego, obrzęku w obrębie twarzy oraz języka pofałdowanego. Etiologia choroby nie została jednoznacznie potwierdzona – prawdopodobnie jest wieloczynnikowa, z dominującym mechanizmem reakcji autoimmunologicznej o typie nadwrażliwości późnej. Istotny może być także wpływ infekcji, chorób ogólnoustrojowych oraz urazów. Nie wyklucza się również predyspozycji genetycznej. Postaci pełnoobjawowe są rzadkie, a przypadki niepełnoobjawowe stanowią problem zarówno diagnostyczny, jak i terapeutyczny, mimo coraz liczniejszych opisów przypadków klinicznych. W artykule zaprezentowano przypadek pacjenta z nawracającym porażeniem nerwu twarzowego i językiem pofałdowanym, u którego rozpoznanie ustalono po 18 latach od wystąpienia pierwszego objawu choroby. Po przeprowadzeniu diagnostyki różnicowej zdiagnozowano niepełny zespół Melkerssona–Rosenthala i włączono standardowe leczenie, nie uzyskując jednak satysfakcjonujących efektów terapeutycznych. W pracy zwracamy uwagę na heterogenny obraz kliniczny pacjentów, wynikający z kolejnego pojawiania się objawów, na różnorodne podejścia terapeutyczne, brak jednoznacznych wytycznych co do strategii leczenia oraz potrzebę współpracy lekarzy różnych specjalności w celu ustalenia tego rzadkiego rozpoznania.

  17. Farklı Tip Türk Rakılarında Temel Uçucu Bileşiklerin Gaz Kromatografisinde Doğrudan Enjeksiyonla Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seda Özkandan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, tek üzüm çeşidinden (Misket, yaş üzümden ve kuru üzüm suması melas alkolü karışımından üretilen farklı tipteki rakıların bileşimleri ve temel uçucu bileşikleri araştırılmıştır. Metanol ve temel uçucu bileşikler (asetaldehit, asetal, metil asetat, etil asetat, 2-bütanol, n-propanol, izobütanol, n-bütanol, aktif amil alkol, izoamil alkol, trans anetol ve estragol AB referans yöntemine göre GC- FID ile belirlenmiştir. Rakıların temel uçucu bileşiklerini, sırasıyla, anason kaynaklı trans anetol ve suma kaynaklı yüksek alkoller, esterler, aldehitler ve uçucu asitler oluşturmuştur. Rakılarda, toplam uçucu madde miktarları uçar asit dahil, 124.99-163.40 g/hL mA arasında, trans anetol miktarları 1038-1380 mg/L arasında, metanol miktarları 43.96-56.91 g/hL mA arasında değişmiştir. En yüksek toplam uçucu madde miktarı Misket üzümünden elde edilen rakıda bulunmuştur. Tek çeşitten ve yaş üzümden üretilen rakıların, karışımdan üretilen rakılara göre daha yüksek miktarlarda toplam uçucu madde ve özellikle yüksek alkoller içerdikleri belirlenmiştir. Yüksek alkol miktarları bakımından tipler arasındaki fark önemli bulunmuştur (P<0.05. Trans anetol miktarı en yüksek yaş üzüm rakısında, en düşük misket rakısında belirlenmiştir. Öte yandan, genel olarak rakıların bileşimlerinin TGK Distile Alkollü İçkiler Tebliği’ne uygun oldukları saptanmıştır.

  18. Zakażenia pałeczkami Legionella pneumophila – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolesław Kalicki

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Legionella pneumophila jest wewnątrzkomórkowym patogenem zasiedlającym środowiska wodne. Do zakażenia dochodzi drogą inhalacji zakażonego aerozolu, rzadziej poprzez aspirację. Rozprzestrzenianie się zachodzi drogą krwionośną, limfatyczną i przez ciągłość. Choroba rozwija się w postaci dwóch klinicznie odrębnych zespołów: choroby legionistów i gorączki Pontiac. Pozapłucne postaci legionelozy spotyka się niezmiernie rzadko. Powikłania mogą występować w postaci niedodmy, wysięku, zrostów, ropni płuc, ropniaków opłucnej, przetok oskrzelowo-opłucnowych, a w konsekwencji mogą prowadzić do niewydolności wielonarządowej. W diagnostyce zakażenia Legionella pneumophila stosuje się izolację i hodowlę bakterii uzyskanych z tkanek chorego na specjalnych podłożach, metody genetyczne bądź też testy serologiczne. W leczeniu skuteczne są antybiotyki z grupy makrolidów, a w ciężkiej postaci choroby także fluorochinolony. Leczeniem alternatywnym jest kombinacja trimetoprym + sulfametoksazol. W artykule przedstawiono opis przypadku 14-letniego chłopca, który został przyjęty do Kliniki z powodu gorączki, osłabienia, wymiotów, bólów brzucha i głowy. U dziecka wykonano serię badań wyjaśniających przyczynę dolegliwości. Stwierdzono podwyższone wykładniki stanu zapalnego z towarzyszącą leukopenią i trombocytopenią. W przebiegu choroby pojawiły się kaszel i wysypka. W badaniach dodatkowych wysunięto podejrzenie zajęcia układu sercowo-naczyniowego. Podejrzewając zakażenie atypowe, do leczenia dołączono makrolid, po którym uzyskano poprawę stanu klinicznego i ustąpienie objawów. Otrzymany później wynik badania w kierunku Legionella pneumophila wskazywał na możliwość zakażenia o tej etiologii.

  19. Udar mózgu u 15‑letniej dziewczynki – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Maślany

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Udary mózgu należą do najczęstszych schorzeń populacji dorosłych, ale mogą występować również u dzieci. Wyróżniamy udary niedokrwienne, wynikające z okluzji naczynia, oraz krwotoczne, gdy dochodzi do pęknię‑ cia ściany naczynia. Przyczyny udarów i czynniki ryzyka są inne niż u dorosłych, jednak aż w połowie przy‑ padków nie udaje się ich ustalić. Najczęstszą przyczyną w tej grupie wiekowej są wrodzone wady serca i ukła‑ du krążenia. Inne istotne czynniki ryzyka to zaburzenia układu krzepnięcia, nabyte choroby serca, dysplazje naczyniowe, autoimmunologiczne zapalenia naczyń, a także zakażenia, urazy i zaburzenia metaboliczne. Objawy choroby w grupie pediatrycznej są często niespecyficzne i słabo wyrażone, stąd mogą stanowić pro‑ blem diagnostyczny. W pracy umówiono współczesne metody diagnostyczne, zarówno obrazowe, jak i labo‑ ratoryjne, a także rekomendacje postępowania leczniczego, które aktualnie opierają się na wytycznych opra‑ cowanych na populacji dorosłych. W artykule przedstawiono również opis przypadku 15‑letniej dziewczynki z zaburzeniami świadomości, u której w badaniu rezonansu magnetycznego głowy stwierdzono ognisko nie‑ dokrwienne w prawej okolicy czołowo‑skroniowej. W toku diagnostycznym rozpoznano u pacjentki wadę serca pod postacią ubytku przedsionkowo‑komorowego typu II (ASD II, przetrwały otwór owalny (PFO oraz tęt‑ niak przegrody międzyprzedsionkowej. Badania psychologiczne przeprowadzone po incydencie wykazały zaburzenia koncentracji, pogorszenie jakości pisma, rozumienia, zapamiętywania oraz pogorszenie ogólnej sprawności psychomotorycznej.

  20. Pęknięcie śledziony po badaniu kolonoskopowym – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Serwin

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Kolonoskopia jest rutynowo wykonywanym badaniem w diagnostyce i profilaktyce chorób jelita grubego. Pęknięcie śledziony to rzadko odnotowywane powikłanie, dotychczas opisano 80 przypadków. Opis przypadku: Pacjent, lat 72, hospitalizowany z powodu niedokrwistości mikrocytarnej. W trakcie bada‑ nia kolonoskopowego wykonano polipektomię polipa esicy. W drugiej dobie po zabiegu: poranne omdlenie przy próbie pionizacji, utrzymująca się hipotonia, dodatnie objawy otrzewnowe. W badaniach dodatkowych: RTG przeglądowe jamy brzusznej – bez zmian, USG jamy brzusznej – płyn w jamie otrzewnej, powiększona śledziona o nierównych obrysach. W KT jamy brzusznej – rozerwanie śledziony z rozległym krwiakiem, duża ilość krwi w jamie otrzewnej. Pacjenta zakwalifikowano do laparotomii zwiadowczej, w wyniku której stwier‑ dzono: znaczna ilość płynnej krwi i skrzepów w jamie otrzewnej, śledziona z linijnym pęknięciem przy szypule, wątroba z pękniętą torebką oraz niewielkim uszkodzeniem miąższu i krwawieniem, na przedniej ścianie żołądka krwiak z niewielkim uszkodzeniem surowicówki, krezka okrężnicy – w pobliżu zagięcia śledzionowego krwiak, nie ujawniono perforacji jelita. Omówienie: Pęknięcie śledziony jest bardzo rzadkim, ale groźnym powikłaniem kolonoskopii. Wśród mechanizmów prowadzących do uszkodzenia śledziony wymienia się: bez‑ pośredni uraz, pociąganie układu więzadłowego, pociąganie zrostów między śledzioną i okrężnicą. Pęknięcie śledziony może być natychmiastowe lub opóźnione. Początek objawów występuje od 1 godziny do 2,5 dnia, najczęściej do 24 godzin od wykonania kolonoskopii. Czas do ustalenia rozpoznania – od 2 godzin do 13 dni, najczęściej do 24‑48 godzin. Najczęściej stosowane metody ustalenia rozpoznania to KT jamy brzusznej i USG jamy brzusznej. Śmiertelność wskutek pęknięcia śledziony po kolonoskopii – opisano 2 przypadki

  1. Opióides no manejo da dor - uso correto ou subestimado? Dados de um hospital universitário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daudt A.W.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O uso de opióides, principalmente no tratamento da dor intensa aguda (pacientes no pós-operatório e da dor crônica em pacientes oncológicos, tem sido subestimado na prática clínica em geral. Este trabalho tem o objetivo de verificar o perfil de prescrição de opióides (meperidina e morfina no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA, RS. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Análise da conduta das equipes médicas, pela revisão de 1.107 prescrições, relativas a 445 pacientes internados no HCPA, entre 20 de maio e 20 de julho de 1993. Os parâmetros básicos de análise, para conduta, incluíam: padrão de uso, a dose do fármaco, intervalo entre doses e analgésicos simultâneos. DISCUSSÃO E RESULTADOS: Foram encontradas apenas 6,5% de prescrições consideradas adequadas em relação aos parâmetros dose, intervalo e padrão, analisados conjuntamente. O padrão se necessário foi responsável por 74% do total de prescrições. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados obtidos durante a realização do trabalho permitem-nos concluir que não há um manejo adequado da dor, tanto aguda como crônica, nos pacientes internados no HCPA.

  2. Interaction between repressor Opi1p and ER membrane protein Scs2p facilitates transit of phosphatidic acid from the ER to mitochondria and is essential for INO1 gene expression in the presence of choline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspar, Maria L; Chang, Yu-Fang; Jesch, Stephen A; Aregullin, Manuel; Henry, Susan A

    2017-11-10

    In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae , the Opi1p repressor controls the expression of INO1 via the Opi1p/Ino2p-Ino4p regulatory circuit. Inositol depletion favors Opi1p interaction with both Scs2p and phosphatidic acid at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Inositol supplementation, however, favors the translocation of Opi1p from the ER into the nucleus, where it interacts with the Ino2p-Ino4p complex, attenuating transcription of INO1 A strain devoid of Scs2p ( scs2 Δ) and a mutant, OPI1FFAT , lacking the ability to interact with Scs2p were utilized to examine the specific role(s) of the Opi1p-Scs2p interaction in the regulation of INO1 expression and overall lipid metabolism. Loss of the Opi1p-Scs2p interaction reduced INO1 expression and conferred inositol auxotrophy. Moreover, inositol depletion in strains lacking this interaction resulted in Opi1p being localized to sites of lipid droplet formation, coincident with increased synthesis of triacylglycerol. Supplementation of choline to inositol-depleted growth medium led to decreased TAG synthesis in all three strains. However, in strains lacking the Opi1p-Scs2p interaction, Opi1p remained in the nucleus, preventing expression of INO1 These data support the conclusion that a specific pool of phosphatidic acid, associated with lipid droplet formation in the perinuclear ER, is responsible for the initial rapid exit of Opi1p from the nucleus to the ER and is required for INO1 expression in the presence of choline. Moreover, the mitochondria-specific phospholipid, cardiolipin, was significantly reduced in both strains compromised for Opi1p-Scs2p interaction, indicating that this interaction is required for the transfer of phosphatidic acid from the ER to the mitochondria for cardiolipin synthesis. © 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  3. Rak piersi w ciąży - odmienności procesu diagnostyki i leczenia = Breast cancer during pregnancy - differences in diagnostic and treatment procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Sowa

    2016-09-01

    85 -801 Bydgoszcz e – mail: magdalena.sowa@cm.umk.pl         Streszczenie Wprowadzenie: Rak piersi w ciąży jest rozpoznawany stosunkowo rzadko. W ostatnich dziesięciu latach w Europie można zauważyć wyraźną tendencję do odraczania macierzyństwa wśród młodych kobiet. Obecnie średnia wieku kobiet rodzących pierwsze dziecko wynosi 30 lat. Jednym z czynników ryzyka zachorowania na raka piersi jest wiek. Z uwagi na fakt, iż kobiety coraz później decydują się na macierzyństwo, a średnia wieku występowania raka piersi się obniża,  z tą szczególną sytuacją kliniczną lekarzom jak i kobietom przyjdzie się zmagać coraz częściej.  Cel pracy:Celem pracy była próba przybliżenia odmienności procesu diagnostyki i leczenia raka gruczołu piersiowego rozpoznanego w ciąży. Rozwinięcie:Z danych epidemiologicznych wynika, iż rak piersi jest najczęściej występującym nowotworem u kobiet ciężarnych.Szczególnie niebezpiecznym jest fakt, iż zmiany fizjologicznie zachodzące w organizmie kobiety już od pierwszych tygodni ciąży, mogą maskować pojawienie się guza i znacznie opóźniać wdrożenie procesu diagnostyki.  Choroba nowotworowa rozpoznana w czasie trwania ciąży jest zawsze dramatyczną i ogromnie stresującą sytuacją dla kobiety i jej najbliższych, dlatego proces diagnostyki i leczenia jest silnie zindywidualizowany, zaś maksymalny efekt terapeutyczny z jednoczesną ochroną nienarodzonego dziecka stanowi priorytet działań. Podsumowanie:Decyzje terapeutyczne podejmowane są po uwzględnieniu ogólnego stanu zdrowia pacjentki, stopnia zaawansowania klinicznego nowotworu, wieku ciążowego oraz postulatów samej pacjentki i jej najbliższych.W niniejszej pracy, posługując się metodą analizy piśmiennictwa szczegółowo omówiono odmienności w procesie diagnostyki i leczenia raka piersi u kobiet ciężarnych.   Słowa kluczowe: rak piersi, ciąża, diagnostyka, leczenie   Breast cancer during pregnancy

  4. Epidural hematoma in the pediatric population – case study = Krwiak nadtwardówkowy w populacji pediatrycznej - opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Woźniak

    2015-08-01

        Streszczenie Urazy głowy są głównymi przyczynami zgonu i nabytych zaburzeń neurologicznych. Odmienny niż u dorosłych przebieg urazu głowy w populacji dziecięcej powoduje, że w tej grupie zdarza się najwięcej nieoczekiwanych powikłań. Z uwagi na brak specyficznych objawów klinicznych krwiak nadtwardówkowy w populacji pediatrycznej stanowi duże wyzwanie zarówno diagnostyczne jak i lecznicze. Autorzy przedstawiają opis przypadku i postępowania u 6- letniego dziecka po urazie głowy,  z rozpoznanym w badaniu obrazowym krwiakiem nadtwardówkowym.   Słowa kluczowe: uraz czaszkowo-mózgowy, krwiak nadtwardówkowy, populacja pediatryczna.   Abstract Head injuries are the main causes of death and acquired neurological disorders. Differently than adults mileage head injury in the pediatric population means that in this group it happens most unexpected complications. Given the lack of specific clinical symptoms epidural hematoma in the pediatric population is a major challenge for both diagnostic and therapeutic. The authors present a case and proceedings in a child 6 years old after a head injury diagnosed in the study imaging epidural hematoma.   Key words: cephalo-cerebral trauma, epidural hematoma, pediatric population.

  5. Pemodelan Matematik Kinerja Pengering Surya Efek Rumah Kaca (ERK-Hibrid Menggunakan Rak Berputar secara Vertikal (Mathematical Modeling Performance of Greenhouse Effect (GHE-Hybrid Solar Dryer with a Vertical Rotating Rack

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Triwahyudi

    2016-12-01

    ini menyajikan uji unjuk kerja dan pemodelan matematik pengering energi surya (ERK-Hibrid  menggunakan  rak berputar secara vertikal. Pengering terdiri dari bangunan rumah kaca berukuran (1100 × 860 × 1300 mm dengan delapan buah rak dan sistim pemanas tambahan yang terdiri dari kolektor plat datar (1,04 m2, tangki penyimpan air panas (197 liter dan penukar panas. Untuk mengetahuikinerja pengering energi surya, dilakukan lima kali percobaan variasi kecepatan putar rak (1, 4, 7, 10 rpm dan tanpa pemutaran rak. Bahan yang dipergunakan pada pengujian adalah kapulaga lokal (Amomum cardamomum Wild. Masing-masing percobaan seberat 9 sampai dengan 10 kg. Rata-rata suhu air tangki penyimpan panas bervariasi dari 50,0 sampai dengan 55,0 °C suhu ruang pengering antara 38,9 sampai dengan 45,9 °C, sedangkan kelembaban relatif (RH ruang pengering berkisar antara 32,1 sampai dengan 47,4 %. Perlakuan pemutaran rak berpengaruh terhadap keseragaman suhu bahan maupun kadar air pada masing rak pengering. Pada perlakuan pemutaran 1 rpm (percobaan II, didapatkan kondisi terbaik (suhu bahan maupun kadar air yang paling seragam. Dengan kecepatan putar rak yang semakin meningkat menyebabkan nilai ragam suhu bahan maupun kadar air semakin meningkat. Untuk melakukan simulasi unjuk kerja dilakukan pemodelan matematik berdasarkan pindah panas dan massa serta pendekatan pengeringan lapisan tipis. Persamaan diselesaikan secara numerik menggunakan finite difference Euler dengan bantuan bahasa pemrograman Visual Basic Aplication (VBA Excell. Validasi dilakukan dengan membandingkan antara perhitungan hasil pemodelan (data prediksi dengan data hasil pengukuran (data observasi. Kriteria kevalidan ditentukan dengan melihat nilai koefisien determinasi (R2, nilai RMSD maupun nilai MAPD. Pemodelan  matematik yang telah dibangun dapat menggambarkan dengan tepat perubahan suhu air tangki penyimpan panas, suhu ruang pengering, suhu bahan maupun penurunan kadar air. Kata kunci: Pengering surya efek rumah

  6. Czaszkogardlak – rzadki łagodny guz nowotworowy - opis przypadku = Craniopharyngioma – rare benign tumor – case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Woźniak

    2016-08-01

    • 2.        Katedra i Klinika Rehabilitacji, Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera w Bydgoszczy, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu     Streszczenie Czaszkogardlak (guz Erdheima, łac. craniopharyngioma to stosunkowo rzadki, łagodny guz nowotworowy o lokalizacji wewnątrzczaszkowej, wywodzący się z pozostałości kieszonki Rathkego. Nazwę craniopharyngioma wprowadził Harvey Cushing w 1932. Jedne z pierwszych prób operacyjnego leczenia guza podjął Ludvig Puusepp w 1923 roku. Objawy kliniczne zależą od lokalizacji guza. Są to przede wszystkim objawy wynikające z ucisku masy guza na sąsiadujące struktury anatomiczne. Autorzy przedstawiają opis przypadku klinicznego, leczonego operacyjnie w Klinice Neurochirurgii, Neurotraumatologii i Neurochirurgii Dziecięcej Szpitala Uniwersyteckiego nr 1 im. dr A. Jurasza w Bydgoszczy z rozpoznanym w badaniu histopatologicznym craniopharyngioma.   Słowa kluczowe: czaszkogardlak, craniopharyngioma, guz Erdheima, nowotwór łagodny.     Abstract Craniopharyngioma (Erdheima tumor is a relatively rare benign tumor of intracranial location, derived from the remnants of Rathke's pouch. The name craniopharyngioma introduced Harvey Cushing in 1932. One of the first attempts at surgical treatment of the tumor took Ludvig Puusepp in 1923. Clinical symptoms depend on the site of a tumor. These are primarily the symptoms resulting from the comppression of the tumor mass on adjacent anatomical structures. The authors present a clinical case operating treated in the Department of Neurosurgery, Neurotraumatology and Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dr Antoni Jurasz University Hospital No.1 in Bydgoszcz histopathological diagnosed with craniopharyngoma.   Key words: craniopharyngioma, Erdheima tumor, benign tumor.

  7. Olbrzymi brodawczak splotu naczyniówkowego – opis przypadku = Giant choroid plexus papilloma – case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Woźniak

    2016-08-01

    Kamila Woźniak1, Dorota Ratuszek-Sadowska2, Agnieszka Nowacka1, Maciej Śniegocki1    1.        Klinika Neurochirurgii, Neurotraumatologii i Neurochirurgii Dziecięcej, Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera w Bydgoszczy, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu 2.        Katedra i Klinika Rehabilitacji, Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera w Bydgoszczy, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu       Streszczenie   Brodawczak splotu naczyniówkowego (ang. choroid plexus papilloma to rzadki nowotwór ośrodkowego układu nerwowego, wywodzący się z nabłonka splotu naczyniówkowego układu komorowego mózgowia. W 50% przypadków rozwija się w komorze bocznej, w 40% w komorze IV i w 5% w komorze III. Guzy splotu naczyniówkowego występują przede wszystkim w 1. dekadzie życia. Guz produkuje płyn mózgowo - rdzeniowy, co przyczynia się do wodogłowia i nadciśnienia śródczaszkowego. Histologicznie zbudowany jest ze struktur brodawkowatych, utworzonych przez cylindrycznego kształtu komórki spoczywające na błonie podstawnej. Autorzy przedstawiają opis przypadku klinicznego chorej leczonej operacyjnie w Klinice Neurochirurgii, Neurotraumatologii i Neurochirurgii Dziecięcej Szpitala Uniwersyteckiego nr 1 im. dr A. Jurasza w Bydgoszczy z rozpoznanym w badaniu histopatologicznym brodawczakiem splotu naczyniówkowego.   Słowa kluczowe: brodawczak splotu naczyniówkowego, nowotwór, ośrodkowy układ nerwowy, neurochirurgia.   Abstract   Choroid plexus papilloma is a rare cancer of the central nervous system, derived from epithelial cells of the choroid plexus of the ventricular system of the brain. In 50% of cases resolve the side chamber, and in 40% in the fourth chamber and 5% in the third ventricle. Choroid plexus tumors occur primarily in the first decade of life. The tumor produces cerebrospinal fluid, which contributes to hydrocephalus and brain edema. Histologically is built with papillary structures formed by the

  8. Diagnostyczna funkcja arteterapii na oddziale psychiatrycznym dla młodzieży – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Gmitrowicz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Opis przypadku klinicznego dotyczy analizy dynamiki obrazu psychopatologicznego u pacjentki hospitalizowanej w Klinice Psychiatrii Młodzieżowej, w kontekście twórczości spontanicznej oraz inspirowanej w trakcie indywidualnych zajęć arteterapii. Proces rediagnozy – z choroby afektywnej dwubiegunowej na zaburzenia schizoafektywne – został zapoczątkowany w toku omawiania prac plastycznych pacjentki. W jej twórczości podczas kolejnej fazy depresyjnej bez objawów psychotycznych zaczęły występować: cechy znacznej dezorganizacji, symbole, deformacja postaci, kontaminacje, nieuzasadnione treścią podziały przestrzeni, zachwiania perspektywy, o kilka miesięcy wyprzedzające rozwój pełnoobjawowej psychozy o obrazie schizofrenii. Osiemnastoletnia pacjentka, chorująca od roku, początkowo była leczona z powodu manii w przebiegu choroby afektywnej dwubiegunowej. Prezentowała podwyższony nastrój i napęd, przyspieszony tok myślenia, wypowiadała urojenia wielkościowe, posłannicze, skracała dystans, relacjonowała „wyostrzenie zmysłów”, „poszerzenie świadomości”, chciała „nieść światu piękno”. Relacjonowała, że od dawna obserwuje u siebie wahania nastroju – od stanów „depresji” z uczuciem smutku, wyczerpania, anhedonii, nadmierną sennością, znacznym spadkiem aktywności, myślami samobójczymi do stanów „euforii”, „hiperaktywności”. Krótko po wypisie pacjentka odstawiła leki i po kilku miesiącach trafiła ponownie na oddział z objawami epizodu depresji i tendencjami samobójczymi. W trakcie tej hospitalizacji pacjentce zaproponowano udział w indywidualnych zajęciach arteterapeutycznych z uwagi na jej spontaniczną twórczość plastyczną (w tym malowanie na ścianach oraz odmowę udziału w zajęciach grupowych. Zespół terapeutyczny, w skład którego wchodziła arteterapeutka, określił następujące cele arteterapii: diagnostyczny, komunikacyjny, integracyjny i katartyczny

  9. Opiate addiction : neuronal plasticity on brain reward system and emotional memory-related areas = Adicción a opiáceos : plasticidad neuronal en los circuitos neuronales de recompensa y en áreas de memoria emocional

    OpenAIRE

    García Pérez, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Los opiáceos, como la morfina, son unos potentes analgésicos que se usan para tratar diversas formas de dolor agudo y crónico. Sin embargo, el uso crónico de opiáceos produce cambios neuroadaptativos a nivel cerebral que conllevan efectos indeseables, como la adicción. La creciente evidencia implica a varios mecanismos de regulación génica (incluyendo epigenéticos, moleculares, celulares y a nivel de circuitos neuronales) en los cambios que las drogas de abuso provocan en el cerebro, siendo e...

  10. La legalización de la marihuana y el abuso de opiáceos prescritos conrta el dolor: como un estado progresista de Estados Unidos afronta el desafío

    OpenAIRE

    Cepeda-Benito, Antonio; Bueno-Cañigral, F. J.; Castelló-Cogollos, Lourdes; Vescna, Adriana

    2016-01-01

    Libro que recoje la IX Edición de Debates en Drogodependencia con la conferencia titulada: "La legalización de la marihuana y el abuso de opiáceos prescritos contra el dolor: como un estado progresista de Estados Unidos afronta el desafío", celebrada en Valencia el 10 de mayo de 2016 e impartida por el Profesor Dr. D. Antonio Cepeda-Benito.

  11. The Effectiveness of Diagnostic Assessment on the Development of Turkish Language Learners’ Narrative Skills as an Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI Task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjel Tozcu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the effectiveness of diagnostic assessment on improving students’ proficiency in narrating past events, an Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI Level 2 task. It found that students who were given a personalized learning plan subsequent to the diagnostic assessment interview significantly improved their proficiency in basic sentence structures than those in a control group. They used a significantly larger number of cohesive devices as compared to the control group and exhibited significantly increased accuracy in using cohesive devices than a control group. The students in the treatment group worked on the recommended activities based on the data gathered during the diagnostic assessment interview and the pre-interview questionnaires, i.e., the E & L, MBTI, and Barsch. The students in the control group spent the same amount of time reading narrations, doing comprehension exercise,s and following standard teacher feedback for improvement. Although both groups showed increases in accurate use of cohesive devices and proficiency in basic sentence structures, the treatment students showed significantly greater gains than the control students.

  12. Dyskopatia kręgosłupa w odcinku lędźwiowym u 10 - letniego dziecka - opis przypadku = Discopathy of the lumbar spine in a 10 - years old child - case study

    OpenAIRE

    Woźniak, Kamila; Ratuszek-Sadowska, Dorota; Śniegocki, Maciej

    2015-01-01

    Woźniak Kamila, Ratuszek-Sadowska Dorota, Śniegocki Maciej. Dyskopatia kręgosłupa w odcinku lędźwiowym u 10 - letniego dziecka - opis przypadku = Discopathy of the lumbar spine in a 10 - years old child - case study. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(9):351-362. ISSN 2391-8306. DOI 10.5281/zenodo.30934 http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.30934 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/2015%3B5%289%29%3A351-362 https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/works/624249 Formerly Jo...

  13. Chirurgiczne leczenie zatoki włosowej z zastosowaniem Z-plastyki – opis przypadku i przegląd piśmiennictwa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Pakuła

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Wprowadzenie. Zatoka włosowa jest przewlekłym stanem zapalnymzlokalizowanym w szparze międzypośladkowej. Pomimo iż pierwszyopis chirurgicznego leczenia tej choroby pochodzi z 1847 roku, to jejterapia wciąż stanowi duże wyzwanie na oddziałach chirurgicznychw Polsce. Obecnie torbiel włosowa może być leczona zarówno zachowawczo,jak i chirurgicznie.Cel pracy. Przedstawienie przypadku chirurgicznego leczenia pacjentaz zatoką włosową oraz przegląd najnowszego piśmiennictwa odnoszącegosię do tego problemu.Opis przypadku. Chory 30-letni został przyjęty na Oddział ChirurgiiOgólnej i Naczyniowej Wojewódzkiego Specjalistycznego Szpitala im.M. Pirogowa w Łodzi z powodu zatoki włosowej celem wykonaniaplanowego zabiegu operacyjnego. U chorego wykonano operacjędoszczętnego wycięcia zatoki włosowej z zastosowaniem Z-plastyki.Przebieg pooperacyjny był niepowikłany. Obecnie chory jest pod kontroląprzyszpitalnej poradni proktologicznej. Po 5 miesiącach odmomentu wykonania zabiegu operacyjnego u pacjenta nie stwierdzononawrotu zatoki włosowej.Wnioski. Wyniki chirurgicznego leczenia torbieli włosowej w Polscenadal nie są w pełni zadowalające ze względu na częste wznowy. Szerokiewycięcie zatoki włosowej, a następnie zastosowanie Z-plastykipozwala skutecznie leczyć pacjentów z tą chorobą. Autorzy artykułuuważają, że ze względu na dużą liczbę powikłań i nawrotów po chirurgicznymleczeniu zatoki włosowej zabiegi tego typu powinny byćwykonywane tylko w wysokospecjalistycznych placówkach.

  14. Funkcjonowanie poznawcze i emocjonalne pacjentki z rodzinnie uwarunkowaną postacią zespołu jedzenia nocnego – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Obrembska

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Wstęp: W Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5 zespół jedzenia nocnego zaklasyfikowany został do innych specyficznych zaburzeń odżywiania. Szacuje się, że zespół ten dotyczy około 1,5% populacji; częstość występowania postaci rodzinnej nie jest znana. Materiał i metody: Wykorzystano Kwestionariusz Jakości Snu Pittsburgh, Mini-Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination, Test Figury Złożonej Reya–Osterrietha, Test Łączenia Punktów A i B, Test 15 słów Reya, Inwentarz Depresji Becka, Inwentarz Stanu i Cechy Lęku oraz swobodne techniki diagnostyczne. Opis przypadku: W artykule zaprezentowano przypadek 35-letniej pacjentki hospitalizowanej z powodu zaburzeń snu i epizodów objadania się w nocy występujących od około 15 lat. Nie stwierdzono objawów depresyjnych, lękowych, wytwórczych ani objawów świadczących o anoreksji czy bulimii. W badaniu neurologicznym nie odnotowano odchyleń od staniu prawidłowego, co potwierdziły badanie obrazowe głowy z kontrastem, badanie elektroencefalograficzne i badania biochemiczne. Wywiad rodzinny wskazywał na występowanie podobnych objawów u dwóch członków rodziny. Wyniki: Wyniki badania psychologicznego potwierdziły obniżenie jakości snu, a także pogorszenie funkcjonowania poznawczego w aspekcie krótkotrwałej pamięci werbalnej i zdolności koncentracji uwagi oraz obniżenie poziomu fluencji semantycznej w wąskim zakresie. Wnioski: Po przeprowadzeniu diagnostyki różnicowej ustalono rozpoznanie rodzinnej postaci zespołu jedzenia nocnego. Zważywszy na rzadkość omawianego schorzenia w populacji, potrzebne jest pogłębienie badań dotyczących tej postaci zespołu.

  15. Perfil da indicação de analgésicos opióides em recém-nascidos em ventilação pulmonar mecânica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro M. Cristina F.Z.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: identificar fatores que levaram os médicos a prescreverem opióides a recém-nascidos em ventilação mecânica. Método: estudo retrospectivo de pacientes em ventilação mecânica por cânula traqueal, por mais de 1 hora, internados em UTI neonatal entre janeiro de 1995 a junho de 1997. Nesse período, 203 recém-nascidos preencheram o critério de inclusão, recuperando-se 176 prontuários. Os prontuários foram analisados quanto a dados demográficos, características da analgesia e do suporte ventilatório, procedimentos invasivos realizados e entidades mórbidas diagnosticadas durante o período de ventilação. Para entender os fatores que determinaram o uso da analgesia em parte dessa população, utilizou-se a análise discriminante. Resultados: Nos 97 pacientes que receberam > 1 dose de opióides durante a ventilação, a analgesia foi iniciada, em média, até 24 horas após o início da ventilação. As escalas de avaliação da dor não foram usadas em nenhum paciente e, em 63%, não havia relato do motivo para a analgesia. A análise discriminante mostrou que as variáveis que diferenciaram os grupos submetidos ou não à analgesia foram: peso ao nascer, idade gestacional, índice de oxigenação e número de punções arteriais. Os neonatos com maior chance de receberem alguma dose de opióide durante a ventilação foram os de peso mais elevado, idade gestacional mais avançada, índice de oxigenação mais acentuado no início da ventilação e maior necessidade de gasometrias, ou seja, os bebês mais maduros e com doença respiratória mais grave. Conclusão: os médicos não levam em conta a dor propriamente dita e nem a avaliam para decidirem pela necessidade de analgesia no neonato em ventilação

  16. Diretrizes para o tratamento de pacientes com síndrome de dependência de opióides no Brasil Brazilian guideline for the treatment of patients with opioids dependence syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Antonio Baltieri

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Existe uma prevalência relativamente baixa do uso de ópioides no Brasil, em particular envolvendo o uso não médico da codeína e de xaropes que contêm opióides. No entanto, a síndrome de dependência apresenta um significativo impacto total na mortalidade e morbidade. Nos últimos 20 anos, o avanço científico tem modificado nosso entendimento sobre a natureza da adição aos opióides e os variados tratamentos possíveis. A adição é uma doença crônica tratável se o tratamento for realizado e adaptado tendo em vista as necessidades do paciente específico. Há, de um fato, um conjunto de tratamentos que podem efetivamente reduzir o uso da droga, ajudar a gerenciar a fissura pela droga, prevenir recaídas e recuperar as pessoas para o funcionamento social produtivo. O tratamento da dependência de drogas será parte de perspectivas de longo prazo do ponto de vista médico, psicológico e social. Esta diretriz almeja fornecer um guia para os psiquiatras e outros profissionais de saúde que tratam de pacientes com Síndrome de Dependência de Opióides. Ela tece comentários sobre o tratamento somático e psicossocial que é utilizado nesses pacientes e revisa as evidências científicas e seu poder. Da mesma forma, os aspectos históricos, epidemiológicos e neurobiológicos da dependência de opióides são revisados.There is a relatively low prevalence of opioid use in Brazil, particularly involving the non-medical use of codeine and opiate-containing syrups. However, opioid dependence syndrome shows a significant total impact on mortality and morbidity. Over the past 20 years, scientific progress has changed our understanding of the nature of opioid addiction and its various possible treatments. Addiction is a chronic illness treatable if the treatment is well-delivered and tailored to the needs of the particular patient. There is indeed an array of treatments that can effectively reduce drug use, help manage drug cravings

  17. Uma breve história do ópio e dos opióides Una historia breve del opio y de los opioides Opium and opioids: a brief history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Freire Duarte

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Desde tempos imemoriais, o ópio e os seus derivados, além de exercerem ponderável influência sobre o comportamento dos seres humanos, têm sido empregados como sedativo e como analgésico. A partir do século XIX, com o isolamento dos alcalóides do ópio e as facilidades para o emprego dessas substâncias por via parenteral, houve aumento do interesse pelo uso criterioso dos opióides na área médica e da análise das conseqüências sociais de seu uso abusivo. Justifica-se, pelo exposto, uma revisão histórica do ópio e dos seus derivados. CONTEÚDO: A evolução dos conhecimentos sobre o ópio, produto natural extraído do Papaver somniferum, e sobre os opióides, substâncias naturais, semi-sintéticas e sintéticas extraídas do ópio, bem como as principais referências a essas substâncias desde a Antigüidade foram avaliadas. Foi enfatizado o progresso obtido a partir dos trabalhos de Setürner que resultaram no isolamento da morfina. As investigações conduzidas por outros autores na busca de substâncias sintéticas que apresentassem vantagens sobre os produtos naturais foram mencionadas. A importância da descoberta dos receptores opióides e de seus ligantes endógenos foi sublinhada. CONCLUSÕES: No alvorecer do terceiro milênio, a despeito das pesquisas realizadas com drogas analgésicas de outros grupos farmacológicos, os opióides continuam sendo os analgésicos mais potentes, embora sua eficácia seja contestada em certos tipos de dor. Os atuais conhecimentos de Farmacologia Clínica permitem selecionar o opióide a ser administrado, considerando a doença e as condições do paciente, na busca da melhor relação custo-benefício.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: Desde tiempos inmemoriales, el opio y sus derivados, junto con ejerceren ponderable influencia sobre el comportamiento de los seres humanos, han sido empleados como sedante y como analgésico. Desde el siglo XIX, con el aislamiento de los

  18. Struniak w okolicy kości krzyżowej u 47 – letniej pacjentki – opis przypadku = Chordoma in the sacral spine in an 47-year-old woman – case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Woźniak

    2016-09-01

    • 2.        Katedra i Klinika Rehabilitacji, Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera w Bydgoszczy, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu     Streszczenie   Struniaki (łac. chordoma są rzadkimi, histologicznie łagodnymi, lecz klinicznie złośliwymi nowotworami szkieletu osiowego. Mogą powstać w dowolnym miejscu w linii środkowej ciała, gdzie istniała struna grzbietowa (np. stok, nosogardziel, siodło i okolica okołosiodłowa, otwór wielki kręgi i okolica krzyżowo-ogonowa. Struniaki to wolno rosnące nowotwory, wykazujące miejscową agresywność w stosunku do kości i tkanek miękkich. Struniaka po raz pierwszy opisał w 1856 roku Virchow i Luschke. Z kolei w 1858 roku Muller stwierdził, że nowotwór może pochodzić z pozostałości embrionalnych prymitywnej struny grzbietowej tzw. chorda dorsalis. Autorzy przedstawiają opis przypadku klinicznego leczonego operacyjne w Klinice Neurochirurgii, Neurotraumatologii i Neurochirurgii Dziecięcej Szpitala Uniwersyteckiego nr 1 im. dr A. Jurasza w Bydgoszczy z rozpoznanym w badaniu histopatologicznym struniakiem.   Słowa kluczowe: struniak, chrodoma, nowotwór, szkielet osiowy, neurochirurgia.     Abstract   Chordomas are rare, histologically benign but clinically malignant tumors of the axial skeleton. They can occur anywhere in the midline of the body where there notochord (clivus, nasopharynx, saddle and surroundings parasellar, the foramen vertebrae and surroundings sacral area. Chordomas are slow-growing cancer, showing local aggressiveness relative to bone and soft tissue. Chordoma was first described in 1856 by Virchow and Luschke. In turn, in 1858 Muller found that the cancer can come from embryonic remnants of the primitive notochord called chorda dorsalis. The authors present a clinical case operating treated in the Department of Neurosurgery, Neurotraumatology and Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dr Antoni Jurasz University Hospital No.1 in Bydgoszcz histopathological diagnosed

  19. Dyskopatia kręgosłupa w odcinku lędźwiowym u 10 - letniego dziecka - opis przypadku = Discopathy of the lumbar spine in a 10 - years old child - case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Woźniak

    2015-09-01

    2.Chair and Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland   Streszczenie Dyskopatia lędźwiowa stanowi niezwykle rzadki problem występujący u dzieci i młodzieży. W 1945 roku Wahren przedstawił pierwszy opis dotyczący dyskopatii kręgosłupa w odcinku lędźwiowo - krzyżowym u dziecka. Dyskopatia lędźwiowa w populacji pediatrycznej występuje niezmiernie rzadko, a jeszcze rzadziej wymaga interwencji operacyjnej. Powszechnie uważa się, że czynnikami predysponującymi do występowania dyskopatii w odcinku lędźwiowo - krzyżowym w populacji pediatrycznej są dyscypliny sportowe związane ze zwiększonym ryzykiem urazu lub nadmiernymi obciążeniami kręgosłupa, otyłość, wysoki wzrost, przebyty uraz okolicy lędźwiowo – krzyżowej. Dyskopatia u dzieci i młodzieży wykazuje pewne cechy charakterystyczne różniące ją od dorosłych. W literaturze światowej istnieje wiele prac dotyczących metod postępowania w leczeniu dyskopatii kręgosłupa w populacji pediatrycznej, ale nie ma jednoznacznych wytycznych dotyczących kwalifikacji chorych do leczenia operacyjnego. Autorzy przedstawiają opis przypadku klinicznego: 10 - letniego chłopca operowanego z powodu wypukliny jądra miażdżystego w przestrzeni L5/S1. Leczenie chirurgiczne dyskopatii kręgosłupa w odcinku lędźwiowo - krzyżowym u dzieci i młodzieży jest metodą, uzasadnioną tylko wtedy, gdy leczenie zachowawcze okaże się nieskuteczne. Z drugiej strony w przypadku ewidentnego braku efektywności leczenia zachowawczego, nie należy zbyt długo zwlekać z decyzją o podjęciu leczenia operacyjnego. W populacji pediatrycznej wybór metody leczenia i kwalifikacja do leczenia chirurgicznego musi wynikać każdorazowo z wnikliwej analizy każdego przypadku.   Słowa kluczowe: dyskopatia, odcinek lędźwiowy kręgosłupa, przepuklina krążka międzykręgowego, populacja pediatryczna, fenestracja.   Abstract

  20. Idiopatyczny przerost opony twardej – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Klimek

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Idiopatyczny przerost opony twardej to rzadkie schorzenie o niejasnej patogenezie. W literaturze światowej do 2010 roku opisano około 100 przypadków, z czego większość w ostatnim dziesięcioleciu. Niniejszym chcieliśmy przedstawić przypadek 52-letniej kobiety, która została przyjęta do Kliniki Neurologii i Epileptologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Łodzi w sierpniu 2010 roku. Choroba rozpoczęła się osłabieniem ostrości widzenia oka lewego w 2007 roku. Z tego powodu pacjentka była hospitalizowana na oddziale okulistycznym, a następnie neurologicznym, jednakże nie ustalono rozpoznania przyczynowego. Miała wielokrotnie wykonywane badanie CT głowy, które wypadało prawidłowo. W maju 2009 roku z powodu zaburzeń kardiologicznych implantowano chorej kardiostymulator, co w przyszłości wykluczało możliwość wykonania MRI. W sierpniu 2009 roku stwierdzono już całkowity zanik nerwu II oka lewego oraz zaczynający się zanik nerwu II po stronie prawej. W lutym 2010 roku bóle głowy zmieniły swoją częstość – ze sporadycznych stały się codzienne. Po przyjęciu pacjentki do szpitala w 2010 roku badanie CT głowy ujawniło krwiaka przymózgowego. Mimo istniejących objawów ucisku prawej komory bocznej, z jej przemieszczeniem, chora nie została zakwalifikowana do zabiegu. Po ponownej hospitalizacji w sierpniu 2010 roku, z powodu braku ewolucji krwiaka i narastających przemieszczeń pacjentkę przeniesiono do Kliniki Neurochirurgii. W trakcie zabiegu stwierdzono pogrubiałą oponę twardą (około 7 mm, której fragmenty przesłano do badania histopatologicznego. Wykazało ono zmiany o charakterze włóknisto-ziarnistym. U chorej wykonano szereg badań laboratoryjnych w celu ustalenia przyczyny przerostu opony twardej, które wypadły negatywnie, co wskazuje na idiopatyczny przerost opony twardej.

  1. Samouszkodzenia jako symptom prodromalny schizofrenii. Opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantinos Tsirigotis

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Celem pracy było przedstawienie przypadku chorego na schizofrenię, który przed ostatecznym zdiagnozowaniem schizofrenii dokonywał samouszkodzeń. Pacjentem był student w wieku 23 lat, a powodem zgłoszenia do psychologa samouszkodzenie. Zgłosił się z matką, zaniepokojoną jego czynem. Pacjent był zorientowany prawidłowo co do miejsca, czasu i własnej osoby, w kontakcie pozornie dobrym. Na lewym ramieniu widać było ranę ciętą. Odczuwał stany agresji, co było powodem dokonywania samouszkodzeń. Prowadził nocny tryb życia, wówczas inni ludzie nie przeszkadzali mu. Jego wypowiedzi były logiczne, zborne, brak było oznak zaburzeń myślenia. Nie sprawiał wrażenia przejętego swoimi przeżyciami i tym, co się z nim dzieje; wyrażane przez niego emocje nie były dostosowane do treści jego wypowiedzi. Jego profil w MMPI był „nerwicowy”, ale inne wskaźniki (kliniczne, diagnostyczne i różnicowe nasuwały podejrzenie psychozy. Dane z wywiadu, rozmowy, obserwacji i MMPI sprawiły, że pacjent został skierowany do psychiatry z podejrzeniem zaburzeń schizofrenicznych. O objawach pozytywnych (produktywnych zaczął mówić dopiero przy analizie treściowej pozycji krytycznych MMPI. Rozpoznanie psychiatryczne potwierdziło podejrzenia schizofrenii; został hospitalizowany i był leczony z rozpoznaniem schizofrenii paranoidalnej. W tym przypadku początek schizofrenii był powolny, ubogoobjawowy, bez objawów ostrych. Przedchorobowa osobowość pacjenta nosiła cechy schizotymii, autystycznego izolowania się – najprawdopodobniej była to już osobowość schizoidalna. Zagadnienie izolowania się można rozpatrywać również w kategoriach zapotrzebowania na stymulację i optimum stymulacji. Odrębnym zagadnieniem są związki samouszkodzeń z substancjami (endorfiny, encefaliny itp. wydzielanymi podczas tego typu autostymulacji. Powyższe dane potwierdzają jeszcze raz znaczenie diagnozy klinicznej (w odróżnieniu od psychometrycznej i wagę jakościowej, klinicznej interpretacji danych psychometrycznych, testowych.

  2. Personnel Investigations and Clearance Tracking (OPI)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Security file-related information for the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM)'s employee and contractor personnel. The data is OPM-specific, not government-wide.

  3. O uso de opióides no tratamento da dor crônica não oncológica: o papel da metadona El uso de opioides en el tratamiento del dolor crónico no oncológica: el papel de la metadona Opioids for treating non malignant chronic pain: the role of methadone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sady Ribeiro

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O uso de opióides em dor oncológica já é bastante difundido e comprovado por diversos ensaios clínicos bem controlados. Entretanto, há uma grande controvérsia em relação ao uso em longo prazo de opióides em dor crônica de origem não oncológica, que tem se intensificado de forma importante nos últimos anos. Neste estudo, objetivamos avaliar criticamente as informações disponíveis na literatura a respeito do uso de opióides para tratamento de dor crônica não oncológica e o papel da metadona como opção terapêutica. CONTEÚDO: Os estudos disponíveis ainda são limitados, mas demonstram que determinadas subpopulações de pacientes portadores de dor crônica podem alcançar analgesia importante, com pouca tolerância e baixo potencial para adição, principalmente aqueles refratários aos esquemas terapêuticos convencionais. Morfina é o opióide padrão, mas outras alternativas podem ser utilizadas como oxicodona, hidromorfona ou fentanil. Metadona é um opióide sintético, inicialmente utilizado para prevenir síndrome de abstinência em paciente dependentes, que também constitui uma importante opção no tratamento da dor crônica não oncológica, principalmente dor neuropática. CONCLUSÕES: Apesar do conhecimento crescente sobre o uso de opióides em dor crônica não oncológica, novos estudos melhor controlados ainda são necessários para uma discussão mais científica a respeito do assunto. A metadona administrada por via oral apresenta uma boa relação custo-benefício, representando uma alternativa efetiva para um melhor controle da dor em alguns pacientes.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El uso de opioides en el dolor oncológico ya es bastante difundido y comprobado por diversos ensayos clínicos bien controlados. Entretanto, hay una grande controversia en relación con el uso en largo plazo de opioides en el dolor crónico de origen no oncológica, que se ha intensificado de forma

  4. The great neglected outdoor classroom! | Opie | Southern African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The attitudes of a small sample of teachers in the Western Cape towards fieldwork as a teaching methodology are analysed and discussed. Tentative conclusions are drawn as to why teachers either use or avoid using this approach to teaching.

  5. OPI Special Education Endorsement Project: A State-University Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdge, Jolene A.; Fishbaugh, Mary Susan E.; Christensen, Linda

    2003-01-01

    An evaluation of Montana's alternative certification program for special education teachers surveyed 117 current students, graduates, mentors, and administrators. Results indicated appreciation for the program but perceived needs for more instruction in severe disabilities, behavior management, development of individualized education programs, and…

  6. Vanha koira ei opi uusia temppuja / Lasse Lehtinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtinen, Lasse

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi liige Eesti ja Soome välispoliitika erinevustest Venemaa suhtes. Autor tsiteerib katkendeid artiklist: Ilves, Toomas Hendrik. Meloslaisia muistellen. Kanava, 2008, nr. 8, lk. 640-646

  7. Acute and Subchronic Toxicity Study of Tud-Rak-Ka-Sai-Puu Recipe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No defects of animal behavior were observed in the test groups. Both test and control groups (on the 90th day) as well as the satellite group (on the 118th day) were analyzed by measuring their final body and organ weights, taking necropsy, and examining hematology, blood clinical chemistry, and microanatomy.

  8. Nora Särak: kõige suurem katsumus on iseenda usaldamine / intervjueerinud Katariina Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Särak, Nora

    2016-01-01

    Kevadel Balti filmi- ja meediakooli magistriõppe lõpetanud Nora Säraku lõputööna valminud lühidokumentaalfilm "Valguseks/Valguseni/Valgusena" Petseris elavatest eestlastest pälvis Eesti Kultuurkapitali Audiovisuaalse kunsti sihtkapitali aastapreemia ning film valiti aasta dokumentaalfilmiks. Intervjuu Nora Särakuga

  9. Itaalia pööraks Prodiga pilgu enam Euroopasse / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    10. aprillil Itaalias toimunud parlamendivalimistest: uksesuuküsitluste andmetel on vasaktsentristide juht Romano Prodi saamas 50-54 protsenti valijate häältest. Lisa: Võidukursil vasaktsentristid

  10. Benzinárak földrajzi meghatározása

    OpenAIRE

    Békés, Gábor; Koren, Miklós; Zsohár, Péter

    2011-01-01

    The theory of geographical markets is based on the notion that economic activity is not evenly spread and regional inequalities have an impact on the decisions of economic agents. Retail gasoline markets are almost perfect examples of geographical markets. The gasoline sold by the stations is a fairly homogeneous good and hence, stations compete for customers locally only. In this study we analyze how market structure, geographical attributes and in particular, demand will influence prices. O...

  11. Mammographic appearance of the male breast cancer; Rak sutka u mezczyzn w badaniu mammograficznym

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwaszkiewicz, K. [Akademia Medyczna, Warsaw (Poland)

    1993-12-31

    Radiological criteria of differentiation of the breast cancer (4 cases) with other benign breast diseases especially gynecomastia has been presented on the basis of mammographies performed on 61 men. (author). 11 refs, 4 figs.

  12. Modifikasi dan Uji Kinerja Alat Pengering Energi Surya-Hybrid Tipe Rak untuk Pengeringan Ikan Teri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risman Hanafi

    2017-04-01

    Abstract. At the time of harvest fish, fishermen get a lot of anchovy as catches with very large amount. Due to the very large number of these, sometimes anchovy is not sold out. This resulted in an anchovy rot if not done preservation (cool storage. One way in which the fisherman is by drying anchovy naturally (the drying in the sun. A tool rack type solar dryer is a box-shaped dryer that utilize the sun as thermal energy. The constraints of this tool is only utilizing the heat from solar energy, so when the weather is cloudy or at nightfall these tools can not function. The research aims to modify the tool rack type solar dryer to be a hybrid dryer for drying anchovy. The results were obtained that total efficiency of energy use during drying is for drying empty test hybrid is 0,010%, for drying hybrid test at 0,695%, and for drying solar test of 20,319%. As for the length of drying time, hybrid test replicates 1 for 7 hours, hybrid test replicates 2 for 8 hours, solar test replicates 1 for 10 hours, and solar test replicates 2 for 11 hours. For the total energy available, hybrid drying of 305,838 MJ and solar drying of 9,896 MJ.

  13. Aphanomyces astaci w Europie wyeliminował populację raków z ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2013-10-30

    Oct 30, 2013 ... species is a smaller and less frequently encountered genera of the .... studies by Czeczuga et al., (2004a; b) in fish eggs of. European Whitefish ... crayfish, and also fish which are currently endangered in Europe and specially.

  14. RANCANG BANGUN ALAT PENGERING TIPE RAK DENGAN SYSTEM HYBRID UNTUK USAHA PISANG SALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Makky

    2008-09-01

    A rack type solar dryer has build with a secondary heat source using gas fireplace. The rack build from light material using fickle timber and aluminums made it become portable. The dryer build with a knock down system, so it can be assemble and disassemble to reposition it in area with better solar recipient. Total weight of this dryer is only 32 kg and consists of four major parts. The first part is solar collector, height 22 cm, width 85 cm and length 187 cm at an angle of 5o to the horizontal axle. The solar collector constructed in wave shape to maximize the acceptance area of solar ray. The collector builds in a glass house frame to optimize the heat dissipation so it can reach Working temperature of 65oC. The fireplace was the second part, and made from rust proof steel. It has dimension of 85 cm width, 65 cm length and 22 cm height. The fireplace filled with 6 liters sand to maximize heat collect from the stove. The stove was the third part; consist of a gas stove and a 5 kg gas tube. The stove can be turn on in rainy day or at night as an alternative heat source for drying process. The tube contain of 3 kg gas that can fuel the stove for 60 hours. The last part was the drying rack with 360 liters volume. It has five cabinets and can fill up to 1500 pieces of dried banana. The rack equipped with a shell type door to simplify the containing process.

  15. Rancang Bangun Alat Pengering Klanting Tipe Rak dengan Sumber Panas Kompor Listrik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardanto

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Klanting is a cassava products that one of special food from Banyumas residence besides Gethuk goreng and Mendoan. Problem from produced of klanting is in drying process of raw material. IKM in Banyumas residence still has been using a conventional method. It use sunshine to dry the product, so it make capacities of klanting production became decrease in rainy season. Aims of the research were: (1 to design the rack dryer equipment for klanting with heat source from electric-stove, (2 to study performance of the equipment. This research used three steps, the steps were: (1 design of dryer equipment, include: functional and structural design, (2 dryer equipment manufacturing, and (3 performance test of dryer equipment include: functional test, reliability test, test without burden and test with burden. Design and manufacture of the equipment was processed in Agricultural Mechanization laboratory, Agricultural Faculty, Jendral Soedirman University. Furthermore, it was tested in UKM Sari Murni, Tamansari village, District Of Karanglewas, Banyumas residence. Result of the research showed that as a functional and structural design it is can operate with dimensions are, length 144 cm, wide 80 cm, and high 100 cm. At performances test without burden showed that the lowest draining in 370C, highest 470C, air stream at inlet equal 6.24x10-2m3/s, air stream exhaust 0.36x10- 2m3/s, while amount energy the required is 0.945 kW. The result of performances test with burden showed that total dryer capacities are 15.00 kg with mean capacities equal to 1.501 kg, lowest temperature in 310C, while highest temperature in 380C, air stream at inlet equal is 6.24x10-2 m3/s, air stream exhaust is 0.224x10-2 m3/s, while amount of energy required to dry klanting is 2.52 kW. Whereas water content of klanting dried by appliance is 28.21%bb or 39.52% bk from water content initial 56.15%bb.

  16. Kinerja Pengeringan Gabah Menggunakan Alat Pengering Tipe Rak dengan Energi Surya, Biomassa, dan Kombinasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamaria Panggabean

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Paddy drying was performed using a hybrid drier utilizing solar energy, biomass and combined solar-biomass energy as energy sources. This research objective was to evaluate performance of the hybrid paddy drier using solar energy and paddy straw and coconut coir biomass. The experimental and descriptive method was used. The result showed that the drier with solar system was capable to generate temperature of drying chamber to 40.42 °C in average, while the average relative humidity was 41.45%. The paddys final moisture was 14.88%w.b after 7 hours of drying with drying rate of 0.64% d.b/h and energy consumption of 32,595.32 kJ. Paddy drying with biomass energy system was capable to obtain drying chambers temperature of 33.8 °C in average, the average relative humidity of 57%, the final moisture of 15.57%, the drying rate of 0.50 %d.b/h and energy consumption of 160,662.15 kJ with the same drying times. The solar-biomass drying system was capable to achieve temperature of 39.98 °C, the average relative humidity of 45.85 %, the final moisture of 15.33%w.b with drying rate of 0.55 %d.b/h and energy consumption of 136,457.76 kJ. Therefore, the best performance for drying paddys was with the solar drying system.   ABSTRAK Pengeringan gabah dapat dilakukan menggunakan alat pengering energi surya, energi biomassa dan energi kombinasi surya dan biomassa.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji kinerja alat pengering gabah hybrid energi surya dan biomassa jerami padi dan sabut kelapa.  Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode eksperimental dan deskritif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengeringan gabah dengan energi surya menghasilkan suhu ruang pengering rata-rata 40,42 °C, kelembaban relatif ruang pengering rata-rata 41,45 %, waktu pengeringan 7 jam, kadar air akhir rata-rata 14,88 %bb, laju pengeringan rata-rata 0,64 %bk/jam, dan energi pengering 32.595,32 kJ.  Pengeringan gabah dengan energi biomassa menghasilkan suhu ruang pengering rata-rata 33,8 °C, kelembaban relatif ruang pengering rata-rata 57 %, waktu pengeringan 7 jam, kadar air akhir rata-rata 15,57 %bb, laju pengeringan rata-rata 0,50 %bk/jam, dan energi pengering 160.662,15 kJ. Pengeringan gabah dengan energi kombinasi surya dan biomassa menghasilkan suhu ruang pengering rata-rata 39,98 °C, kelembaban relatif ruang pengering rata-rata 45,85 %, waktu pengeringan 7 jam, kadar air akhir rata-rata 15,33 %, laju pengeringan rata-rata 0,55 %bk/jam, dan energi pengering 136.457,76 kJ.  Kinerja yang diperoleh alat pengering terbaik menggunakan energi surya dengan kadar air akhir sebesar 14,88%bb, laju pengeringan 0,64 %bk/jam dan kebutuhan energi pengeringan 32.595,32 kJ.

  17. Pentingnya Tracer Sebagai Kartu Pelacak Berkas Rekam Medis Keluar dari Rak Penyimpanan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savitri Citra Budi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The availability of medical record quickly and accurately when needed will greatly help the quality of health care provided to patients. If the medical record filing system were poor then there will be problems that can interfere with the availability of medical record. In the case of medical record filing system, the staffs at Dlingo I Bantul community health center do not using tracer to mark the medical records that were out from storage. This will have an impact on the wrong location, misfile, and complicates the return of medical record in the right order. Method used in this community service was the diffusion of science and technology to design the tracer which is suitable for use in Dlingo I Bantul community health centers. Furthermore, the training was also implemented, started with counseling. Community service was running smoothly. At first, the tracer was not used as a tracker and a guidance of medical record which was out from the storage. After counseling and training, the staffs finally realized that it is necessary to use tracer.

  18. Rak debelega črevesa in danke - preprečevanje in presejanje: Colorectal cancer - prevention and screening:

    OpenAIRE

    Koželj, Miran; Skok, Pavel; Žerdin, Mojca

    2006-01-01

    Background. Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in Slovenija and its incidence in the last decades is rising. According to the epidemiological data from 2001, the incidence in male is 64/100,000 in female 48/100,000. Even though the relative five-year survival of the patients with this disease is rising, the majority of them are discovered in the advanced stage of the disease with poor prognosis. Conclusions. If diagnosed and surgically removed in its early stage...

  19. Rodzinne występowanie zespołu Treachera Collinsa – opis 6 rodzin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Kot

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Zaliczany do żuchwowo-twarzowych dyzostoz zespół Treachera Collinsa (TCS jest autosomalnym dominującym zaburzeniem rozwoju czaszki twarzowej. Występuje w populacji ogólnej z częstością 1/50 000 żywych urodzeń. Zespół ten powstaje na skutek wczesnych zaburzeń embriogenezy pierwszego i drugiego łuku skrzelowego. W 40% przypadków stwierdzono rodzinne występowanie zaburzeń, natomiast w 60% choroba ta jest wynikiem mutacji de novo w genie TCOF1, na chromosomie 5q32-q33.1. Gen TCOF1 składa się z 26 eksonów i koduje białko zwane treacle, złożone z 1411 aminokwasów. Opisano około 116 różnych mutacji TCOF1, spośród których najczęstsze są delecje. Obraz kliniczny TCS obejmuje: antymongoloidalne ustawienie szpar powiekowych, rozszczep powiek dolnych, zmniejszenie liczby rzęs, „językowate” owłosienie na policzkach, podniebienie wysoko wysklepione lub rozszczepione, makrostomię, niedorozwój kości jarzmowej oraz żuchwy, niedorozwój ucha zewnętrznego, środkowego, rzadziej wewnętrznego. Pacjenci wymagają wieloetapowego leczenia chirurgicznego, na które składa się: plastyka kości twarzy, rekonstrukcja małżowin usznych, korekcja antymongoloidalnego ustawienia szpar powiekowych, plastyka rozszczepionego podniebienia, plastyka powiek. Poza leczeniem chirurgicznym chorzy wymagają leczenia wielospecjalistycznego z udziałem pediatrów, laryngologów, logopedów i ortodontów. Ponieważ zakres i stopień deformacji obserwowanych w TCS jest rozległy, plan postępowania terapeutycznego powinien być dostosowany do indywidualnych potrzeb pacjenta. W pracy przedstawiono analizę 6 rodzin, w których obserwowano TCS. Autorzy przeanalizowali płeć i stopień pokrewieństwa chorych oraz zmianę nasilenia zaburzeń rozwojowych w kolejnych pokoleniach.

  20. Zmiany skórne w przebiegu ostrej białaczki szpikowej – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldemar Placek

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Acute myeloid leukaemia is a malignant neoplastic diseaseof white blood cells. About 80% of acute leukaemias in adult arediagnosed as myeloid leukaemias. The presence of transformed cellclones in bone marrow and blood, which originate from very earlystages of myelopoiesis, is characteristic. Beside systemic symptoms(anaemia, thrombocytopenia there are infiltrations in other organs,including skin. Skin lesions are most frequently non-specific (pruritus,skin spots, erythema multiforme, bullous pemphigoid but can be alsospecific (skin tumours. Cases of diffuse xanthomatoses and myeloidsarcoma have also been found in patients with acute myeloidleukaemia. Skin lesions are present more often in lymphocytic thanmyeloid leukaemias. They may precede the disease or its relapse, occurconcomitantly or after systemic symptoms, and sometimes may be ofprognostic value.Objective. To present the case of a patient in whom skin lesions werethe cause of detailed examinations, which revealed acute myeloidleukaemia.Case report. We present a case of a 61-year old patient with purplebrownnodular lesions 1-3 cm in diameter on the face, scalp skin, trunk,limbs and the oral cavity’s mucous membranes with coexistent intensepruritus and generalized lymphadenopathy. The first skin lesionsoccurred three months earlier. During hospitalization in the Departmentof Dermatology the renewal of blasts in the circulatory blood wasobserved and skin biopsy revealed a large amount of mononuclearcells. The patient was directed to the haematological ward, where thediagnosis of acute myeloid leukaemia was established.Conclusions. Our case indicates that the presence of skin lesions andthorough diagnostic procedures may contribute to the diagnosis ofmalignant neoplastic diseases of white blood cells.

  1. Stosowanie wenlafaksyny w dawkach podzielonych – opis kazuistyczny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łukasz Święcicki

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Wenlafaksyna jest lekiem o co najmniej dwóch istotnych mechanizmach działania przeciwdepresyjnego. Hamowanie wychwytu zwrotnego serotoniny (5-HT ujawnia się już podczas stosowania niskich dawek, a hamowanie wychwytu zwrotnego noradrenaliny – dopiero przy dawkach istotnie wyższych. Za punkt odcięcia przyjmuje się na ogół dawkę 225 mg na dobę, choć zmiana z jednego mechanizmu działania na dwa ma najprawdopodobniej charakter spektralny. Możliwe, że w dawkach powyżej 375 mg na dobę lek wykazuje również działanie dopaminergiczne, ale tak duże dawki wenlafaksyny nie są zalecane przez producenta. Stosowanie wyższych dawek przekłada się na większą skuteczność przeciwdepresyjną leku. Należy jednak pamiętać, że zmiana dawki może być związana z ujawnieniem się odmiennego profilu działań niepożądanych (choć zależy to także od indywidualnej wrażliwości pacjenta. Działanie serotoninergiczne bywa odbierane jako uspokajające, sedujące, powodujące nadmierną senność, a nawet zobojętnienie i apatię. Działanie noradrenergiczne może z kolei wywoływać uczucie nadmiernego pobudzenia i zaburzenia snu. To, czy dane działanie jest odczuwane jako niewpływające na funkcjonowanie, czy też jako trudne do zniesienia, zależy ponadto od pory dnia, w której występuje. Działanie nasenne pacjent uzna za korzystne wieczorem, natomiast działanie rozbudzające – rano. Wydaje się, że pora podawania wenlafaksyny może wpływać na subiektywną tolerancję leku. W artykule opisano dwie sytuacje ilustrujące ten punkt widzenia. Nie jest do końca jasne, dlaczego pacjenci odczuwają działanie leku najsilniej wkrótce po jego przyjęciu (nie da się wykluczyć swoistego efektu placebo. Mimo to w przypadku wielu chorych subiektywna tolerancja wenlafaksyny bez wątpienia ma związek ze sposobem podawania leku; lekarze powinni brać tę okoliczność pod uwagę.

  2. Charakterizace integrasy Masonova-Pfizerova opičího viru

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krejčík, Z.; Snášel, Jan; Rosenberg, Ivan; Ruml, T.; Pichová, Iva

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 96, č. 4 (2002), s. 223 ISSN 0009-2770. [Sigma-Aldrich konference mladých chemiků, biochemiků a molekulárních biologů. 22.05.2002-25.05.2002, Velké Meziříčí] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4055905 Keywords : Mason-Pfizer monkey virus Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  3. Guz olbrzymiokomórkowy - opis przypadku = Giant cell tumor - case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanta Białkowska-Głowacka

    2016-01-01

    Kierownik: dr hab. n. med., prof. nadzw. Anna Janas-Naze     Adres do korespondencji: dr n. med. Piotr Osica Zakład Chirurgii Stomatologicznej UM w Łodzi 92-213 Łódź, ul. Pomorska 251 mail: piotr.osica@umed.lodz.pl   Praca finansowana przez UM w Łodzi w ramach działalności statutowej nr 503/2-163-01/503-21-001.   Streszczenie   W pracy przedstawiono przypadek pacjentki u której obserwowano przez kilka miesięcy  zmianę na błonie śluzowej szczęki, bez weryfikacji diagnostycznej. Podkreślono jak ważną rolę pełni lekarz stomatolog w monitorowaniu zmian w jamie ustnej, przedstawiono niektóre metody diagnostyczne niezbędne do ustalenia rozpoznania.   Słowa kluczowe: guz olbrzymiokomórkowy, badanie histopatologiczne, diagnostyka.   Summary   The article describes a case of a patient, in which over a few months period, a lesion on the maxillary mucosa has been observed, without earlier histopathological verification. The important role of a dentist in monitoring the lesions in oral cavity has been underlined. The authors discuss also certain diagnostic methods, necessary for confirming the diagnosis.   Key words: giant cell tumor, histological examination, diagnosis.

  4. Ventilation system in the RA reactor building - design specifications; Sistem ventilacije u objektu 'RA' - Tehnicki opis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Badrljica, R [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1984-09-15

    Protective role of the ventilation system of nuclear facilities involve construction of ventilation barriers which prevent release of radioactive particulates or gases, elimination od radioactive particulates and gases from the air which is released from contaminated zones into the reactor environment. Ventilation barriers are created by dividing the building into a number of ventilation zones with different sub pressure compared to the atmospheric pressure. The RA reactor building is divided into four ventilation zones. First zone is the zone of highest risk. It includes reactor core with horizontal experimental channels, underground rooms of the primary coolant system (D{sub 2}O), helium system, hot cells and the space above the the reactor core. Second zone is the reactor hall and the room for irradiated fuel storage. The third zone includes corridors in the basement, ground floor and first floor where the probability of contamination is small. The fourth zone includes the annex where the contamination risk is low. There is no have natural air circulation in the reactor building. Ventilators for air input and outlet maintain the sub pressure in the building (pressure lower than the atmospheric pressure). This prevents release of radioactivity into the atmosphere. Zastitne uloge ventilacionog sistema kod nuklearnih postrojenja obuhvataju formiranje ventilacionih barijera koje onemugucavaju sirenje radioaktivnih cestica ili gasova putem cirkulacije vazduha; eliminaciju radioaktivnih cestica i gasova iz vazduha koji se evakuise iz kontaminiranih prostora u okolinu reaktorskog postrojenja. Formiranje zastitnih ventilacionih barijera ostvaruje se obicno podelom unutrasnjosti objekta na vise ventilacionih zona razlicitih podpritisaka u odnosu na spoljni atmosferski pritisak. Celi prostor zgrade reaktora RA podeljen je u cetiri ventilacione zone. Prva zona je zona najveceg rizika, u koju spadaju reaktorsko jezgro sa horizontalnim eksperimentalnim kanalima, tehnoloske prostorije suterena u kome je primarno kolo hladjenja (D{sub 2}O), sistem helijuma, vruce komore i prostor iznad radne platforme reaktora. Druga zona je reaktorska hala i prostorija za odlezavanje goriva. Treca zona obuhvata komunikacione hodnike suterena, prizemlja i sprata, gde je verovatnoca radioaktivnog zagadjenja mala. Cetvrta zona obuhvata prostorije aneksa koje nisu radioaktivno opasne zone. Zgrada nema prirodnu ventilaciju. U zgradi se ventilatorima za dovod i odvod vazduha odrzava mali podpritisak u odnosu na spoljasnji pritisak sto onemugacava isticanje radioaktivnih zagadjivaca u atmosferu.

  5. Bezobjawowa aspiracja wiertła stomatologicznego do dolnych dróg oddechowych – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Wochna

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available W niniejszej pracy przedstawiono przypadek mężczyzny, u którego podczas leczenia stomatologicznego doszło do bezobjawowej aspiracji wiertła stomatologicznego do dolnych dróg oddechowych. Brak jakichkolwiek objawów aspiracji ciała obcego mylnie zasugerował lekarzom połknięcie i przedostanie się go do żołądka, co nie zostało wykluczone kontrolnym zdjęciem radiologicznym klatki piersiowej. Dopiero kolejne badania obrazowe umożliwiły postawienie właściwego rozpoznania i usunięcie ciała obcego drogą torakotomii lewostronnej.

  6. Fundamentos bioquímicos de la inmunotoxicología de los opiáceos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Orlando Narváez Quintero

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Se ha descubierto que la morfina, anteriormente conocida como una sustancia de origen vegetal extraída de la amapola, es sintetizada también por el cuerpo humano y hace parte del sistema opioide endógeno. La morfina endógena está involucrada en la regulación negativa del sistema inmune, regresándolo a sus condiciones basales luego de haber sido activado. Las investigaciones experimentales preclínicas y clínicas han mostrado que la administración de morfina conduce a efectos inmunosupresores, inhibiendo la actividad de las células asesinas naturales, la proliferación linfocitaria y la capacidad fagocítica de los polimorfonucleares y monocitos. Adicionalmente esta sustancia altera el patrón de síntesis, secreción y actividad paracrina de citocinas, favoreciendo así la respuesta inmune mediada por anticuerpos (Th2-dependiente e inhibiendo la respuesta inmune mediada por células (Th1-dependiente. Estos efectos son suprimidos por la naloxona, un antagonista de los receptores m. Al parecer la morfina actúa a través de una nueva variante del receptor m de péptidos opioides denominado m3, presente en la superficie de las células inmunocíticas. Llama la atención la similitud entre los efectos inmunotóxicos generados en adictos al opio, VIH negativos, con aquellos observados en pacientes no drogadictos VIH positivos que progresan hacia sida.

  7. Kiła układu nerwowego jako trudny problem w codziennej praktyce klinicznej – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Mędrek

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Syphilis still represents an important clinical problem.Involvement of the nervous system is one of the major features of latesyphilis, but may also occur in early syphilis.Objective. To present a case of neurosyphilis in relation to the currentproblems of diagnostics and therapy of Treponema pallidum infection.Case report. We present a 31-year-old woman with neurosyphilis. Atthe beginning the patient was treated with erythromycin, and twelvemonths later, because of insufficient decrease of titre of syphilis tests inthe serum, with doxycycline. Despite the second therapy the titres ofsyphilis tests remained high and therefore after another nine monthsthe patient was referred to our department for further diagnostics andtreatment. Because of the long course of the disease, high titres ofsyphilis tests in the serum and abnormalities in neurological examination(hypoaesthesia below the Th8 level, foot clonus and hyporeflexiain lower extremities T. pallidum neuroinfection was suspected andcerebrospinal fluid was collected. The serological examination of cerebrospinalfluid revealed positive treponemal tests (FTA 1 : 10, TPHA++, while VDRL was negative. Based on the whole clinical presentationand laboratory abnormalities, neurosyphilis was diagnosed andtherapy with crystalline penicillin followed by procaine penicillin wasperformed.Conclusions. Neurosyphilis is characterized by rich symptomatologyand its diagnosis based only on clinical manifestation can be very difficult;particularly subtle symptoms may be easily overlooked. Therefore,evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid is necessary in all questionablepatients in order to establish a correct diagnosis.

  8. O-pi e-de-i: on round building as an archetypical form of sacred space in the Aegean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evyenia Yiannouli

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The archaeological record supports the general proposition that the simplest form of architecture, the round building type, variously persisted throughout the Aegean prehistory. This paper makes a case for the identification of round building as a distinct genre of sacred space in the Aegean Bronze Age, Mycenaean Crete in particular, combining evidence from architecture, iconography and the scripts. Certain archetypical features are thus delineated. It is argued that the historical understanding of the emerging LBA state requires a study of the architecture prior to the 2nd millennium BC as much as other relevant evidence issuing from the latest Aegean strata.

  9. Description of the control and safety systems of the RA reactor; Opis sistema za upravljanje i sigurnosnu zastitu RA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Popovic, B; Pesic, M [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Reaktor RA, Vinca, Beograd (Yugoslavia)

    1962-07-01

    This report contains detailed description and scheme of the control and safety system of the RA reactor. It consists of interconnected five systems: for automated regulation; compensation rods; safety rods; power density measurement device; period meter; automated D{sub 2}O level meter in the core. Automated regulation system is divided into two parts: basic system for reactor operation regime at power from 10kW - 10 MW and precise regulation system for operation at set-up power level up to 10 kW which is used occasionally.

  10. Trądzik odwrócony leczony operacyjnie innowacyjnymi technikami redukcji powstałych ubytków – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Bieniek

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Acne inversa is a recurrent, suppurative disease manifestedby abscesses, fistulas and scarring.Many conservative therapies areusually disappointing, and an early surgical intervention often remainsthe only successful treatment. This condition has a significant impact onthe quality of the patient’s life; therefore there is a need for introductionof effective therapeutic modalities at every stage of the disease.Objective. Presentation of two innovative techniques of wound closureafter surgical excision of the affected skin areas.Case report. A 42-year-old female patient suffering from acne inversa,treated previously with ineffective methods based on a conservativeapproach, was operated on with the use of tumescent infiltration anaesthesiaand our own surgical techniques such as the “star-like” and“pubic flaps” techniques.Conclusions. Presented data show unequivocally that our own methodsof surgical wound closure are highly effective and that a patientwith acne inversa can tolerate it well. We encourage the use of thesetechniques, but choosing the best option requires an individualapproach.

  11. Design project SP-RA, Construction specifications of the sanitary corridor - SP building; Idejni projekat SP-RA, Gradjevinski opis sanitarnog propusnika - objekat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bon, B [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1956-11-09

    According to the design task the sanitary corridor satisfies the needs of both RA reactor and HL (Hot laboratory) buildings. This building is located between RA and HL buildings and is connected to both by corridors 3,3 m wide. The access to the building is from the south, i.e. from the local road in the Vinca Institute. [Serbo-Croat] Prema projektnom zadatku sanitarni propusnik zadovoljava potrebe objekata RA i HL. Zgrada je situirana izmedju ova dva objekta. Sa objektima RA i HL vezana je komunikativnim hodnikom sirine 3,3 m. Prilaz zgradi je sa juzne strane, odnosno sa internog puta Instituta Vinca.

  12. Zespół Noonan u 8-letniej pacjentki – opis przypadku = 8 - year - old patient with Noonan syndrome - case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Grabiec

    2016-12-01

    Kierownik: dr hab. n. med. prof. nadzw. Anna Janas-Naze               Adres do korespondencji: Aleksandra Szczepkowska Zakład Chirurgii Stomatologicznej UM w Łodzi 92-213 Łódź, ul. Pomorska 251 e-mail: aleksandra.szczepkowska@gmail.com tel. 42 675 75 71           Praca finansowana przez Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi w ramach działalności statutowej nr 503/2-163-01/503-21-001       Streszczenie: W poniższej pracy opisano przypadek zespołu Noonan u 8- letniej dziewczynki.   Słowa kluczowe: zespół Noonan, rzadkie choroby genetyczne, znieczulenia ogólne     Abstract: The article presents the case of 7 year old girl with Noonan syndrome.   Key words: Noonan syndrome, rare genetic diseases, general anesthesia

  13. Martwica kości szczęk związana ze stosowaniem bifosfonianów. Opis przypadków

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech Leśniak

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Bifosfoniany należą do silnych inhibitorów osteoklastów. Znajdują szerokie zastosowanie w leczeniu chorób przebiegających ze wzmożoną resorpcją kości: osteoporozy, choroby Pageta i osteogenesis imperfecta. Leki te zmniejszają adhezję komórek nowotworowych do kości, ograniczają osteolizę wywołaną nowotworem i hiper‑ kalcemię. Zmniejszają dolegliwości bólowe w szpiczaku mnogim i w przerzutach do kości. Powszechnie panu‑ jące przekonanie o bezpieczeństwie spowodowało rozszerzenie wskazań do ich stosowania. Pacjenci onkolo‑ giczni przyjmujący bifosfoniany dożylnie, w wysokich dawkach są bardziej narażeni na działania niepożądane terapii niż pacjenci przyjmujący je doustnie. Jednym z najpoważniejszych powikłań jest martwica kości szczęk. W 2003 roku opisano po raz pierwszy związek pomiędzy terapią bifosfonianami a martwicą kości szczęk. W piśmiennictwie znajdujemy coraz więcej przykładów tego działania niepożądanego, także po stosowaniu leków doustnie. Mogą pojawiać się ból, obrzęk, owrzodzenie, odsłonięcie kości, przetoki, złamania patologiczne, uciążliwe dla pacjenta i obniżające jakość życia. Leczenie martwicy kości szczęk jest trudne i rzadko przynosi spodziewany efekt. Główną rolę odgrywa leczenie zachowawcze i redukcja objawów. Odstawienie bifosfonia‑ nów nie ma bezpośredniego wpływu na przebieg martwicy kości szczęk, ze względu na kumulację leku w kości. Istotne jest przygotowanie pacjenta przed rozpoczęciem podawania bifosfonianów, wymagające stałej współ‑ pracy pomiędzy lekarzami onkologami, ortopedami i chirurgami szczękowo-twarzowymi. Higiena jamy ustnej i leczenie chorób współistniejących stanowi ważny element postępowania. Celem pracy jest przedstawienie trzech przypadków martwicy kości szczęk u pacjentów poddanych leczeniu bifosfonianami.

  14. Interacción analgésica entre antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) y opiáceos durante la anestesia inhalatoria en la rata

    OpenAIRE

    Benito de la Víbora, Javier

    2016-01-01

    La reducción de las necesidades de anestésicos inhalatorios mediante la coadministración de analgésicos intraoperatorios conlleva un incremento del margen de seguridad del paciente pero también una disminución de la polución ambiental y una reducción de costes. La combinación de diferentes tipos de analgésicos puede incrementar dicho efecto ahorrador de anestésico e incluso se ha observado un efecto potenciador derivado de la administración conjunta con de inhibidores de la ciclooxigenasa (CO...

  15. Endometrioza o potrójnej lokalizacji: w przegrodzie odbytniczo-pochwowej, w bliźnie po cięciu cesarskim oraz w jajniku – opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Skręt

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The authors discuss the symptoms, pathogenesis and treatment of endometriosis of multiple localization:in the recto-vaginal septum, in a post-caesarean scar and in the ovary. In the available literature we found nodata on the prevalence of endometriosis in triple localisation. The authors discuss symptoms, pathogenesis andtreatment of endometriosis concerning the described localisation.

  16. Interakce N-terminálního zbytku kyseliny myristové s matrixovým proteinem Mason-Pfizerova opičího viru

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prchal, J.; Doležal, M.; Vlach, J.; Lipov, J.; Rumlová, Michaela; Hunter, E.; Ruml, T.; Hrabal, P.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 103, č. 5 (2009), s. 446-446 ISSN 0009-2770. [Mezioborové setkání mladých biologů, biochemiků a chemiků. Konference Sigma-Aldrich /9./. 26.05.2009-29.05.2009, Devět skal - Žďárské vrchy] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0520 Grant - others:GA ČR(CZ) GA203/07/0872 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : retroviruses * matrix protein * myristic acid Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  17. Reference air kerma and kerma-area product as estimators of peak skin dose for fluoroscopically guided interventions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kwon, Deukwoo; Little, Mark P.; Miller, Donald L.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To determine more accurate regression formulas for estimating peak skin dose (PSD) from reference air kerma (RAK) or kerma-area product (KAP). Methods: After grouping of the data from 21 procedures into 13 clinically similar groups, assessments were made of optimal clustering using the Bayesian information criterion to obtain the optimal linear regressions of (log-transformed) PSD vs RAK, PSD vs KAP, and PSD vs RAK and KAP. Results: Three clusters of clinical groups were optimal in regression of PSD vs RAK, seven clusters of clinical groups were optimal in regression of PSD vs KAP, and six clusters of clinical groups were optimal in regression of PSD vs RAK and KAP. Prediction of PSD using both RAK and KAP is significantly better than prediction of PSD with either RAK or KAP alone. The regression of PSD vs RAK provided better predictions of PSD than the regression of PSD vs KAP. The partial-pooling (clustered) method yields smaller mean squared errors compared with the complete-pooling method.Conclusion: PSD distributions for interventional radiology procedures are log-normal. Estimates of PSD derived from RAK and KAP jointly are most accurate, followed closely by estimates derived from RAK alone. Estimates of PSD derived from KAP alone are the least accurate. Using a stochastic search approach, it is possible to cluster together certain dissimilar types of procedures to minimize the total error sum of squares.

  18. Postępowanie diagnostyczno-terapeutyczne u pacjenta po skręceniu stawu skokowego – opis przypadku = The diagnosis and therapy in a patient after ankle sprains – case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Paweł Mieszkowski

    2016-08-01

    Streszczenie Wstęp: Skręcenia stawu skokowego zaliczane są do jednych z najczęściej spotykanych urazów kończyn dolnych. Pomimo częstości występowania, nadal wielokrotnie są one lekceważone, zarówno w aspekcie diagnostyki medycznej jak i zastosowania optymalnego postępowania leczniczego. Cel pracy: Usystematyzowanie wiedzy na temat postępowania terapeutycznego, u osoby po urazie stawu skokowego. Celem dodatkowym była analiza postępowania fizjoterapeutycznego oraz jego efektywności u pacjenta po skręceniu stawu skokowego. Metoda: W pracy przedstawiono epikryzę pacjenta z urazem stawu skokowego. Pacjent poddany był dwukrotnie diagnostyce klinicznej. Wykonano analizę chodu, ocenę zakresu ruchu w stawie skokowym, ocenę siły mięśniowej kończyn dolnych przy pomocy skali Lovette’a, testy funkcjonalne stopy (test uciskowy Thompsona, test Simmonda, test szufladki, test dwóch wag. Zastosowano metody zewnętrznej stabilizacji przy pomocy szyny gipsowej, metodę twardych tapów, a także terapię układu limfatycznego z wykorzystaniem metody kinesiology taping i drenażu limfatycznego. Wraz z ustąpieniem zmian obrzękowych, pacjenta poddano kompleksowej terapii fizjoterapeutycznej. Wyniki: Po zakończeniu terapii chód - izochroniczny, izometryczny, izotoniczny, poprawa w zakresie: ruchu w stawie skokowym dla zgięcia grzbietowego, podeszwowego, pronacji, supinacji stopy, wyniku testu dwóch wag oraz siły mięśniowej. Wnioski: W postępowaniu terapeutycznym u osoby po urazie stawu skokowego najważniejszą rolę odegrała diagnostyka radiologiczna i kliniczna, pozwalająca na postawienie wczesnej i właściwej diagnozy. Kompleksowe postępowanie fizjoterapeutyczne wpłynęło na poprawę zakresu ruchu w stawie skokowym, zniesienie dolegliwości bólowych oraz na poprawę stanu funkcjonalnego badanego.

  19. The role of brain magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of pantothenate kinase deficiency (previously Hallervorden-Spatz disease): case report; Znaczenie badania tomografii rezonansu magnetycznego mozgowia w diagnostyce deficytu kinazy pantotenowej (dawniej choroby Hallervordena-Spatza) - opis przypadku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gizewska, M; Bieleninik, A; Adamczyk, T; Walczak, M [II Klinika Chorob Dzieci Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej, Szczecin (Poland); Cyrylowski, L [Zaklad Diagnostyki Obrazowej i Radiologii Interwencyjnej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej, Szczecin (Poland); Abramczyk, G [Oddzial Noworodkow, Patologii i Intensywnej Terapii, Samodzielnego Publicznego Specjalistycznego ZOZ ' ' Zdroje ' ' , Szczecin (Poland); Nowacki, P [Klinika Neurologii Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej, Szczecin (Poland)

    2005-07-01

    Panthotenate kinase deficiency is a rare metabolic disorder from the group of neuroaxonal dystrophy. It is characterized by symptoms of extrapiramidal system impairment, general dystonia, progressive gait disturbances, limbs rigidity, dyskinesias, choreoatetotic movements, dysarthria and progressive dementia. On the brain MRI, T2 - weighted images demonstrate typical, symmetrical '' eye of the tiger '' sign with hyperintensive signals from the central parts of the pallidum, surrounded by low signals in the pallidum and accompanied by hypointensity in substantia nigra resulting from iron deposition. We present a case of 13.5 year old boy with gait disturbances, increase muscles tone, dysartria, aggressive behavior and learning difficulties progressing from the early childhood. In the differential diagnosis a number of inborn errors of metabolism was excluded. Finding on the brain MRI in T2- weighted images typical picture of '' eye of the tiger '' led to a diagnosis of panthotenate kinase deficiency. In subsequent years of observation, despite attempts of baclofen and calcium panthotenate treatment, progression of pyramidal-extrapyramidal syndrome is observed. In children with symptoms of progressive extrapyramidal tract impairment, a sign of '' eye of the tiger '' with hyperintensive signals from the central parts of the pallidum, surrounded by low signals in the remaining part of the pallidum and accompanied by similar lesions in substantia nigra is typical for panthotenate kinase deficiency - a rare neurodegenerative disorder of central nervous system. (author)

  20. Zmiany wybranych wskaźników i cech gazometrii krwi w okresie fizjologicznej restytucji po wysiłku wytrzymałościowym mężczyzny w 6 dekadzie życia. Opis przypadku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirosław Mrozkowiak

    2015-07-01

    • Należy przyjąć, że wskaźnik aktualnego nadmiaru zasad i stężenia jonów wodorowęglanowych wymaga dłuższego okresu normalizacji niż 54 godzina restytucji późnej.   Abstract Introduction. Rest meaning is dynamically variable physiological state of the body, immediately following the completion or reducing the intensity of physical or mental. During this period, dominated by the processes of assimilation over dissimilation. The decline of physical performance in older extent be explained by the deterioration of muscle perfusion during exercise. Its causes should be sought in anatomical changes occurring both in the myocardium, as well as blood vessels. The aim of the study is to demonstrate the changes in selected indicators and characteristics of blood gases during the period of physiological restitution after exercise endurance for a man in 6 decade of life. Materials and methods. Tested man pursuing a healthy lifestyle surrendered to the designation of selected indicators of blood after exercise endurance during spontaneous restitution pH, PCO2, PO2, BB, BE, BEart,cHCO3, SO2(c. Obtained results. Positive results were observed in most measured rates and characteristics of blood gases. At the same time differently they presented their configuration during the 5-day measurement cycle. The most positive changes were observed in the size of BB, BE, PCO2. Conclusions 1. During the early restitution after exercise endurance in a 61 year old male normalization is: systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure, heart rate, the partial pressure of carbon dioxide, the principle of buffering plasma, state principles (excess / deficiency. In the late restitution: oxygen saturation, partial pressure of oxygen. 2. It is assumed that the current rate of excess bases and bicarbonate ion concentration requires a longer period of normalization than 54 hours restitution of late.

  1. A influência dos analgésicos não opióides e antiinflamatórios não-esteróides no movimento ortodôntico

    OpenAIRE

    Berthold, Telmo Bandeira; Ferreira, Patricia; Berthold, Roger Correa de Barros

    2012-01-01

    O movimento dentário durante o tratamento ortodôntico requer uma remodelação do osso alveolar e dos tecidos periodontais. Para a movimentação dentária, osteoclastos devem ser formados de modo que possam remover osso da área adjacente à parte comprimida do ligamento periodontal, e também é necessária a formação de osteoblastos para a produção de novo osso no lado de tensão e nas áreas de reabsorção remodeladora no lado de pressão. As prostaglandinas têm a importante propriedade de estimular ta...

  2. Opis leksykograficzny syntaktycznych i semantycznych cech czasowników w języku czeskim, polskim i rosyjskim. Na przykładzie czasowników percepcji

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Skwarska, Karolína

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 67, č. 1 (2015), s. 349-366 ISSN 0138-0567 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP406/12/0557 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : valency * valency lexicon * verbs of perception * alternation * comparative syntax Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  3. Analgesia peridural para o trabalho de parto e para o parto: efeitos da adição de um opióide Effects of the association of an opioid with epidural analgesia for labor and delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Guilherme Cecatti

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia e segurança da associação bupivacaína com sufentanil para a analgesia no trabalho de parto e do parto por meio de um bloqueio peridural contínuo. Realizou-se um ensaio clínico duplo-cego, prospectivo e aleatório, incluindo sessenta mulheres nulíparas da Maternidade do CAISM/UNICAMP. No momento da analgesia, as mulheres foram aleatoriamente alocadas em dois grupos: BS, recebendo 12,5 mg de bupivacaína com adrenalina mais 30 µg de sufentanil e BP, recebendo 12,5 mg de bupivacaína com adrenalina mais placebo. Foram avaliados os parâmetros relativos à qualidade e duração da analgesia, duração do trabalho de parto e também possíveis efeitos sobre o recém-nascido. Os resultados mostraram a superioridade da adição do sufentanil sobre o grau de analgesia durante o tempo de ação da primeira dose de anestésico local. Não houve aumento na duração do trabalho de parto depois do início da analgesia quando se compararam ambos os grupos, nem qualquer diferença quanto à via de parto. Não houve também diferenças entre os grupos com relação à avaliação dos recém-nascidos. Conclui-se que a associação de 30 µg de sufentanil à primeira dose de bupivacaína é segura e eficaz, melhorando a qualidade da analgesia, sua duração e não afetando a progressão do trabalho de parto e o resultado neonatal.The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the association bupivacaine with sufentanil for labor and delivery analgesia through a continuous epidural blockade, for both mother and the neonate. A randomized double blind prospective clinical trial was performed including sixty nulliparous women at the Maternity of CAISM/UNICAMP. When requesting analgesia, the women were randomly allocated to two groups: BS, receiving 12.5 mg of bupivacaine with adrenaline plus 30 µg of sufentanil and BP, receiving 12.5 mg of bupivacaine with adrenaline plus placebo. The parameters concerning the quality and duration of analgesia, duration of labor, and also possible effects on the neonate were evaluated. The results showed the superiority of the addition of sufentanil regarding the degree of analgesia during the time of action of the first dose of the local anesthetic. There was no increase in the duration of labor after the onset of analgesia when comparing both groups, nor any difference in the route of delivery. Concerning neonate evaluation, there were no differences between the two groups. It is concluded that the association of 30 µg of sufentanil with the first dose of bupivacaine is safe and efficacious. It improved the quality of analgesia, increased its duration, and did not affect the progress of labor and neonatal outcome.

  4. Effects of Limited Hydrolysis and High-Pressure Homogenization on Functional Properties of Oyster Protein Isolates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Cuiping; Cha, Yue; Wu, Fan; Xu, Xianbing; Du, Ming

    2018-03-22

    In this study, the effects of limited hydrolysis and/or high-pressure homogenization (HPH) treatment in acid conditions on the functional properties of oyster protein isolates (OPI) were studied. Protein solubility, surface hydrophobicity, particle size distribution, zeta potential, foaming, and emulsifying properties were evaluated. The results showed that acid treatment led to the dissociation and unfolding of OPI. Subsequent treatment such as limited proteolysis, HPH, and their combination remarkably improved the functional properties of OPI. Acid treatment produced flexible aggregates, as well as reduced particle size and solubility. On the contrary, limited hydrolysis increased the solubility of OPI. Furthermore, HPH enhanced the effectiveness of the above treatments. The emulsifying and foaming properties of acid- or hydrolysis-treated OPI significantly improved. In conclusion, a combination of acid treatment, limited proteolysis, and HPH improved the functional properties of OPI. The improvements in the functional properties of OPI could potentiate the use of oyster protein and its hydrolysates in the food industry.

  5. A novel Interactive Health Communication Application (IHCA) for parents of children with long-term conditions: Development, implementation and feasibility assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swallow, Veronica; Carolan, Ian; Smith, Trish; Webb, Nicholas J A; Knafl, Kathleen; Santacroce, Sheila; Campbell, Malcolm; Harper-Jones, Melanie; Hanif, Noreen; Hall, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Few evidence-based, on-line resources exist to support home-based care of childhood long-term conditions. In a feasibility study, children with stages 3, 4, or 5 chronic kidney disease, parents and professionals collaboratively developed a novel Online Parent Information and Support (OPIS) application. Parents were randomized to an intervention arm with access to OPIS or a control arm without access. OPIS usage was assessed using Google Analytics. Parents in the intervention arm completed the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) and User Interface Satisfaction (USE) questionnaires and participated in qualitative interviews. Twenty parents accessed OPIS with a mean of 23.3 (SD 20.8, range 2-64) visits per user. Responses from the SAM and USE questionnaires were positive, most respondents rating OPIS highly and finding it easy to use. Qualitative suggestions include refinement of OPIS components, enabling personalization of OPIS functionalities and proactive endorsements of OPIS by professionals. Implementation of OPIS into standard practice is feasible in the centre where it was developed. Suggested developments will augment reported strengths to inform ongoing testing in the wider UK network of units. Our design and methods are transferrable to developing and evaluating web-applications to support home-based clinical care-giving for other long-term conditions.

  6. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences; Volume 39; Issue 3 ... International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru 502 ... Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141 027, India; RAK College of Agriculture, ...

  7. Protein Kinases in Human Breast Carcinoma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cane, William

    1998-01-01

    .... Rak is a novel nuclear tyrosine that our group has identified in breast cancer tissues and cell lines that has structural homology to the Src tyrosine kinase, with SH2 and SH3 domains at its amino terminus...

  8. Eesti riikliku arengukava koostamise kogemus = The experience in drawing up the Estonian National Development Plan - Single Programming Document / Kadri Reinthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinthal, Kadri

    2004-01-01

    Inglise k. lk. 101-103. Rahandusministeeriumi välisfinantseerimise osakonna juhataja dokumendi "Eesti riiklik arengukava Euroopa Liidu struktuurifondide kasutuselevõtuks - ühtne programmdokument 2004-2006" (RAK) koostamisest

  9. Safety against releases in severe accidents. Annual report 1996. Project plan 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The work scope of the RAK-2 project is divided into three sub-projects: RAK-2.1 Severe Accident Phenomenology; RAK-2.2 Computerised Accident Management; RAK-2.3 Reactors In Nordic Surroundings. The work in subproject 1 progresses roughly according to budget and time schedule. Some adjustments in the technical work scope were made during 1996. Main tasks of RAK-2.1 in 1996: Complete recriticality studies for Nordic BWRs; Investigate phenomena related to late phase melt progression; Issue and NKS Final Technical Report on KTH experiments. Main tasks of RAK-2.2 in 1996: CAMS would be further developed with signal validation, tracking simulation, state identification and PSA and risk monitoring applications; Carry out a feasibility study for development of a PWR version of CAMS in collaboration with EdF, France; Use CAMS in the Halden Man-Machine laboratory to perform human factor studies. Main tasks of RAK-2.3 in 1996: Collect and report data from the British reactor types AGR, MAGNOX and PWR; Make a report on accidents in nuclear ships; Put the collected data together in a common data base covering neighbour reactors treated in SIK-3 and RAK-2.3; Update the data in the former SIK-3 report if needed. The work in project 2 progresses according to plans. The data collection of British reactors with in sub-project 3 has been delayed significantly due to difficulty of obtaining information from some of the British utilities, but the problems are expected to be solved by the end of 1997. (EG)

  10. Safety against releases in severe accidents. Annual report 1996. Project plan 1997; Saekerhet mot utslaepp vid reaktorhaverier. Aarsrapport 1996. Plans 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-01-01

    The work scope of the RAK-2 project is divided into three sub-projects: RAK-2.1 Severe Accident Phenomenology; RAK-2.2 Computerised Accident Management; RAK-2.3 Reactors In Nordic Surroundings. The work in subproject 1 progresses roughly according to budget and time schedule. Some adjustments in the technical work scope were made during 1996. Main tasks of RAK-2.1 in 1996: Complete recriticality studies for Nordic BWRs; Investigate phenomena related to late phase melt progression; Issue and NKS Final Technical Report on KTH experiments. Main tasks of RAK-2.2 in 1996: CAMS would be further developed with signal validation, tracking simulation, state identification and PSA and risk monitoring applications; Carry out a feasibility study for development of a PWR version of CAMS in collaboration with EdF, France; Use CAMS in the Halden Man-Machine laboratory to perform human factor studies. Main tasks of RAK-2.3 in 1996: Collect and report data from the British reactor types AGR, MAGNOX and PWR; Make a report on accidents in nuclear ships; Put the collected data together in a common data base covering neighbour reactors treated in SIK-3 and RAK-2.3; Update the data in the former SIK-3 report if needed. The work in project 2 progresses according to plans. The data collection of British reactors with in sub-project 3 has been delayed significantly due to difficulty of obtaining information from some of the British utilities, but the problems are expected to be solved by the end of 1997. (EG).

  11. Characterization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae suppressor mutants devoid of the membrane lipid phosphatidylcholine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bao, X.

    2018-01-01

    Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is the most abundant membrane lipid in most eukaryotes and considered essential. The yeast double deletion mutant cho2opi3 lacks the methyltransferases converting phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to PC. As a consequence, the cho2opi3 mutant is a choline auxotroph that relies on

  12. RAPD-PCR analysis of cultured type olives in Turkey | Sesli | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OP-A, OP-I, OP-Q). A total of 33 primers among 60 Operon random primers (Kit OP-A, OP-I, OP-Q) yielded clear and firm bands. The electrophoretic patterns of olive samples showed that 159 highly polymorphic loci. Averages of 4.81 scorable ...

  13. Development of EPICS channel access embedded ActiveX components for GUI development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roy, A.; Bhole, R.B.; Pal, S.

    2012-01-01

    The paper describes the integration of Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) Channel Access (CA) protocol and Microsoft ActiveX technology towards developing a generalize operator interface (OPI) building facility for Windows platform. EPICS is used as the development architecture of the control system in Superconducting Cyclotron (SCC). Considering the operators' familiarity and compatibility with third party software, it was decided to use MS-Windows platform at operator interface level in SCC during commission. Microsoft Visual Basic (VB) is used on trial basis as OPI building platform to incorporate user specific features e.g. file system access for data storage and analysis, user authentication at OPI level etc. A set of EPICS Channel Access embedded ActiveX components is developed to ease the programming complexity and reduce developmental time of the OPI for Windows platform. OPIs, developed using these components and containing hundreds of process parameters, are being used reliably over a considerable period of time. (author)

  14. Potential rapd markers for population studies in tree legumes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomez, S.M.; Ramasubramanian, T.; Mohankumar, S.

    2011-01-01

    RAPDs were quite efficient in bringing out the diversity at DNA level among non-edible legumes viz., Acacia nilotica, Adenanthera pavonina, Prosopis juliflora, Pithecolobium dulce, Clitoria ternatea and Pongamia pinnata. The RAPD primer index reveals the information content of the RAPD primer per se. Of the 82 primers tested, OPE 8, OPI 6, OPL 2, OPL 16, OPI 18, OPI 13, OPI 14, OPP 1, OPE 20 and OPI 4 with comparatively higher primer index were more informative and can be used for further DNA finger printing and population studies in tree legumes. CTAB protocol was found to be superior in isolating genomic DNA of good quality. The 260/280 ratios varied between 1.70 and 2.09. Though the genomic DNA isolated by potassium acetate method was found to be intact in 0.8% agarose gel, the yield was significantly lower than the modified CTAB method. (author)

  15. Confecção de um modelo experimental in vitro do espaço subaracnóide eqüino para teste de opióides hiperbáricos Making of an in vitro experimental model of equine subarachnoid space to test hyperbaric opioids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre da Silva Polydoro

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar as características de distribuição de agentes hiperbáricos no líquido cérebro-espinhal (LCE eqüino, é apresentado um modelo in vitro do espaço subaracnóide confeccionado em policloreto de vinila (PVC transparente, no qual se adaptou um cateter para a infusão contínua de glicose a 10%, morfina hiperbárica, buprenorfina hiperbárica e metadona hiperbárica marcadas com azul de metileno para permitir a visualização da distribuição destas substâncias no LCE. Avaliaram-se a distância alcançada pelos diferentes agentes minuto a minuto e a forma de distribuição dos mesmos. Todas as substâncias testadas mostraram comportamento de distribuição vertical a partir da extremidade do cateter, quando se deu o início da migração cranial no LCE, sendo que o avanço máximo registrado foi aos 15 minutos após o término da infusão, com migração de 15cm para glicose a 10%, 13cm para a morfina hiperbárica, 18cm para a buprenorfina hiperbárica e 17cm para a metadona hiperbárica. O modelo proposto mostrou-se eficiente para a avaliação do comportamento físico dos agentes hiperbáricos no interior do espaço subaracnóide, oferecendo a possibilidade de teste de substâncias a serem utilizadas pela via subaracnóide de cavalos.The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution characteristics of hyperbaric solutions in equine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF, in an in vitro model of the subarachnoid space. The model was made with transparent PVC in which a catheter was adapted to infuse 10% glucose, 10% hyperbaric morphine, hyperbaric buprenorphine, and hyperbaric methadone, dyed with methilene blue in order to visualize the solutions distribution in the CSF. The distance in cm reached by the different agents every minute as well as the pattern of distribution were evaluated. All tested solutions distributed itself in a forward and vertically pattern from the tip of the catheter. Maximum distance reached after 15 minutes were 15cm for 10% glucose, 13cm for hyperbaric morphine, 18cm for hyperbaric buprenorphine, and 17cm for hyperbaric methadone. The proposed model was efficient to evaluate the distribution pattern of hyperbaric solutions in equine CSF, offering a new possibility to physically test the administration of solutions in the equine subarachnoid space.

  16. Estudios sobre el papel del área tegmental ventral y de las regiones dopaminérgicas rostral lineal y periacueductal del mesencéfalo en la adicción y analgesia opiáceas en ratas

    OpenAIRE

    Flores Cordero, Juan Antonio

    2005-01-01

    Falta por incorporar las palabras clave El número medio de cada tipo celular fue de 129,431,3 células grandes de la PAG ventrolateral, 305,843,5 células periacueductales de la PAG y 1441,4210 células pequeñas de la región RLi/PAG ventral. 3. En las neuronas dopamimérgicas grandes de la PAG y pequeñas de la región Rli/PAG ventral (pero no en las periacueductales) se produce una regulación al alza en la expresión de TH tras el tratamiento repetido y subcutáneo con heroína. 4. La infusión del...

  17. Vyšetřování vybraných steroidogenních enzymů v lidských a opičích mozkových tkáních

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kříž, L.; Mohapl, M.; Černý, Ivan; Pouzar, Vladimír; Bičíková, M.; Hill, M.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 97, č. 11 (2003), s. 1115 ISSN 0009-2770. [Pokroky v organické, bioorganické a farmaceutické chemii /38./. 28.11.2003-30.11.2003, Nymburk] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/02/1440 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4055905 Keywords : dehydroepiandrosterone * sulfotransferase Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  18. Role bazické oblasti nukleokapsidového proteinu Masonova-Pfizerova opičího viru během skládání nezralých retrovirových částic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dostálková, A.; Hadravová, Romana; Rumlová, M.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 2 (2016), s. 58-59 ISSN 2336-7202. [Mezioborové setkání mladých biologů, biochemiků a chemiků /16./. 10.05.2016-13.05.2016, Milovy] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-15326S Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : M-PMV * Mason-Pfizer monkey virus * nucleocapsid protein Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology

  19. Readability of Online Patient Educational Resources Found on NCI-Designated Cancer Center Web Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Stephen A; Francis, David; Hullett, Craig R; Morris, Zachary S; Fisher, Michael M; Brower, Jeffrey V; Bradley, Kristin A; Anderson, Bethany M; Bassetti, Michael F; Kimple, Randall J

    2016-06-01

    The NIH and Department of Health & Human Services recommend online patient information (OPI) be written at a sixth grade level. We used a panel of readability analyses to assess OPI from NCI-Designated Cancer Center (NCIDCC) Web sites. Cancer.gov was used to identify 68 NCIDCC Web sites from which we collected both general OPI and OPI specific to breast, prostate, lung, and colon cancers. This text was analyzed by 10 commonly used readability tests: the New Dale-Chall Readability Formula, Flesch Reading Ease scale, Flesch-Kinaid Grade Level, FORCAST scale, Fry Readability Graph, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook test, Gunning Frequency of Gobbledygook index, New Fog Count, Raygor Readability Estimate Graph, and Coleman-Liau Index. We tested the hypothesis that the readability of NCIDCC OPI was written at the sixth grade level. Secondary analyses were performed to compare readability of OPI between comprehensive and noncomprehensive centers, by region, and to OPI produced by the American Cancer Society (ACS). A mean of 30,507 words from 40 comprehensive and 18 noncomprehensive NCIDCCs was analyzed (7 nonclinical and 3 without appropriate OPI were excluded). Using a composite grade level score, the mean readability score of 12.46 (ie, college level: 95% CI, 12.13-12.79) was significantly greater than the target grade level of 6 (middle-school: Preadability metrics (P<.05). ACS OPI provides easier language, at the seventh to ninth grade level, across all tests (P<.01). OPI from NCIDCC Web sites is more complex than recommended for the average patient. Copyright © 2016 by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

  20. SAMOOSKRBA GOSPODINJSKEGA ODJEMA S SONČNO ELEKTRARNO IN BATERIJSKIM SISTEMOM

    OpenAIRE

    VIDMAJER, DAVID

    2016-01-01

    Diplomsko delo opiše in analizira otočno delovanje stanovanjskega objekta za štiričlansko družino z izbiro primerne sončne elektrarne, litij-ionskih baterij in dizelskega agregata (off-grid system). V diplomski nalogi smo na kratko predstavili problematiko delovanja sončne elektrarne, delovanje otočnega sistema in elemente, ki so nujni za njegovo obratovanje, ter opis in delovanje baterij. Sledi opis enačb za modeliranje komponent otočnega sistema, po kateremu principu smo naredili tudi nadal...

  1. Potresna analiza in analiza ojačitvenih ukrepov za grad Golnik

    OpenAIRE

    Ošterbenk, Jure

    2015-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je narejena seizmična analiza gradu Golnik in primerjalna študija ojačitvenih ukrepov, s katerimi povečujemo potresno odpornost obravnavane konstrukcije. Po začetnem kronološkem opisu stavbe sledi opis zasnove objekta in opis stanja poškodovanosti nosilnih elementov, ki temelji zgolj na vizualnem pregledu konstrukcije. V teoretičnem delu naloge je sprva na kratko predstavljeno obnašanje zidanih stavb med delovanjem potresa in opis različnih porušnih mehanizmov zidovja. Sl...

  2. Elucidating the roles of MAP kinases in the moss Physcomitrella patens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stanimirovic, Sabrina

    changes of plant immunity required for the conquest of land by plants. I describe the role of MPKs (MPK3, MPK5, RAK1 & double knockout RAK1/RAK2) upon abiotic stress by characterizing the phenotypes and morphological changes there may be during stress treatments. I characterized the mutant phenotypes...... during treatment with phytohormones and osmotic and light stress. This thesis contains of a general introduction to plant immunity and the role of MPKs in signaling processes related to immunity, abiotic stress, and plant development in both vascular and non-vascular plants. The focus in this thesis......-Acetyltransferase-Kinase). This thesis and work on these MPK mutants gives the laboratory a great start on several future publications, since many of the mutant lines have interesting phenotypes with and without exposure to abiotic stresses...

  3. WE-E-18A-03: How Accurately Can the Peak Skin Dose in Fluoroscopy Be Determined Using Indirect Dose Metrics?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, A; Pasciak, A

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Skin dosimetry is important for fluoroscopically-guided interventions, as peak skin doses (PSD) that Result in skin reactions can be reached during these procedures. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of different indirect dose estimates and to determine if PSD can be calculated within ±50% for embolization procedures. Methods: PSD were measured directly using radiochromic film for 41 consecutive embolization procedures. Indirect dose metrics from procedures were collected, including reference air kerma (RAK). Four different estimates of PSD were calculated and compared along with RAK to the measured PSD. The indirect estimates included a standard method, use of detailed information from the RDSR, and two simplified calculation methods. Indirect dosimetry was compared with direct measurements, including an analysis of uncertainty associated with film dosimetry. Factors affecting the accuracy of the indirect estimates were examined. Results: PSD calculated with the standard calculation method were within ±50% for all 41 procedures. This was also true for a simplified method using a single source-to-patient distance (SPD) for all calculations. RAK was within ±50% for all but one procedure. Cases for which RAK or calculated PSD exhibited large differences from the measured PSD were analyzed, and two causative factors were identified: ‘extreme’ SPD and large contributions to RAK from rotational angiography or runs acquired at large gantry angles. When calculated uncertainty limits [−12.8%, 10%] were applied to directly measured PSD, most indirect PSD estimates remained within ±50% of the measured PSD. Conclusions: Using indirect dose metrics, PSD can be determined within ±50% for embolization procedures, and usually to within ±35%. RAK can be used without modification to set notification limits and substantial radiation dose levels. These results can be extended to similar procedures, including vascular and interventional oncology

  4. Síntese, caracterização e estudo das propriedades magnéticas de um polímero de coordenação contendo cobalto(II e cobre(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamyris T. da Cunha

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the synthesis and characterization of two new compounds with ligand opy (N-(2-pyridyloxamate: the copper(II precursor [Me4N]2[Cu(opy2].5H2O and CoII CuII coordination polymer {[CoCu(opy2]}n×4nH2O. This latter compound was obtained by reaction of [Me4N]2[Cu(opy2].5H2O and CoCl2.6H2O in water. The heterobimetallic CoII CuII chain was characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry and magnetic measurements. Magnetic characterization revealed typical behavior of one-dimensional (1D ferrimagnetic chain as shown in the curves of temperature (T dependence of magnetic susceptibility (χM, in the form of χMT versus T, and dependence of magnetization (M with applied field (H.

  5. The reproducibility of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RAPD) profiles of Streptococcus thermophilus strains by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Several factors can cause the amplification of false and non reproducible bands in the RAPD profiles. We tested three primers, OPI-02 MOD, ...

  6. The Plasmodium falciparum Sexual Development Transcriptome: A Microarray Analysis using Ontology-Based Pattern Identification

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Young, Jason A; Fivelman, Quinton L; Blair, Peter L; de la Vega, Patricia; Le Roch, Karine G; Zhou, Yingyao; Carucci, Daniel J; Baker, David A; Winzeler, Elizabeth A

    2005-01-01

    ... a full-genome high-density oligonucleotide microarray. The interpretation of this transcriptional data was aided by applying a novel knowledge-based data-mining algorithm termed ontology-based pattern identification (OPI...

  7. Implementacija aplikacije Smart Watch Workout za naprave iOS s pametno uro Apple Watch

    OpenAIRE

    Skledar, Dejan

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu opišemo in predstavimo naprave ter operacijske sisteme, na katerih teče naša aplikacija. Le-ta je namenjena mobilnim navdušencem, ki jim pomaga do vsakodnevne aktivnosti. Prav tako opišemo potek, razvoj in cilje končnega izdelka na napravi iPhone kot tudi na napravi Apple Watch. Podatki, ki so pomembni za pravilno delovanje aplikacij, se shranjujejo v lokalno podatkovno bazo.

  8. Seminar proceedings. Seminar on piping reliability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The international seminar brought together the disciplines of probabilistic safety assessment and probabilistic fracture mechanics. The work performed by the joint Nordic Nuclear Safety Research Project NKS/RAK 1.2 and the SLAP project was presented the first day. The second was mainly devoted to the integration of the two disciplines. 11 contributions have been separately indexed.

  9. Seminar proceedings. Seminar on piping reliability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-10-01

    The international seminar brought together the disciplines of probabilistic safety assessment and probabilistic fracture mechanics. The work performed by the joint Nordic Nuclear Safety Research Project NKS/RAK 1.2 and the SLAP project was presented the first day. The second was mainly devoted to the integration of the two disciplines. 11 contributions have been separately indexed

  10. Королевские игры / Тамара Унанова

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Унанова, Тамара 1951-

    2009-01-01

    19. nov. Tallinnas Nokia kontserdimajas etendunud rahvusvahelisest balletiprogrammist "Tantsukuningad - Kings of Dance maailmatuur 2009". Käesoleva tuuri eripäraks on uus programm, millesse kuuluvad Nacho Duato, Jose Limoni, Frederick Ashtoni, Gabriel Faure, Christopher Wheeldoni, Roland Petit, Leonid Jakobsoni, Boris Eifmani tööd. Produtsent Sergei Daniljan

  11. 76 FR 45508 - Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet and Strip From the United Arab Emirates: Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... Film, Sheet and Strip From the United Arab Emirates: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results of... polyethylene terephthalate film, sheet and strip from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for the period November 01... producer and/or exporter of the subject merchandise to the United States: JBF RAK LLC (JBF). Extension of...

  12. Felix Nussbaumi muuseum Osnabrückis (Saksamaa) / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    1999-01-01

    1998. a. valminud muuseum on pühendatud juudi maalikunstnikule Felix Nussbaumile. Arhitekt Daniel Libeskind. Juurdeehitus vanale Osnabrücki Rahvakunsti Muuseumist ja Ajaloomuuseumist koosnevale kompleksile. Omapäraks on hoone erikujulistesse seintesse lõikuvad erikujulised aknad ja ahtad koridorid, mis peavad meenutama holokausti õudust.

  13. CRITICALITY ANALYSIS OF URANIUM STORAGE FACILITY WITH FORMATION RACKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Kuntjoro

    2017-03-01

    ANALISIS KRITIKALITAS DI FASILITAS PENYIMPANAN BAHAN URANIUM DENGAN FORMASI PENGATURAN RAK. Bahan uranium dibutuhkan untuk produksi bahan bakar reaktor penelitian dan radioisotop. Bahan uranium sebelum digunakan terlebih dahulu disimpan pada fasilitas penyimpanan. Salah satu prasyarat fasilitas penyimpanan bahan uranium adalah fasilitas tersebut harus dalam kondisi sub-kritis. Bila kondisi kritis terjadi mengakibatkan proses fissi pada bahan uranium tidak terkendali, sehingga akan menimbulkan suhu yang sangat tinggi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa kondisi kritikalitas dari fasilitas penyimpanan bahan uranium yang berada di PT. INUKI (Persero untuk menjamin fasilitas tersebut dalam kondisi sub-kritis. Analisis kritikalitas dilakukan menggunakan program MCNP-5 untuk mengetahui tingkat kritikalitas dari tiga fasilitas penyimpanan bahan uranium untuk kondisi awal dan kondisi setelah ditambahkan rak penyimpanan. Untuk fasilitas penyimpanan 1 dan 2 dibuat tiga skenario pengaturan container pada rak penyimpanan, sedangkan pada fasilitas penyimpanan 3 dilakukan 1 skenario.  Hasil ini menunjukkan seluruh fasilitas penyimpanan pada kondisi awal dan setelah ditambah rak penyimpanan dalam kondisi sub-kritis (k-eff<1. Hasil tersebut selanjutnya dipergunakan sebagai dasar untuk menyusun manejemen pengelolaan bahan uranium. Selain itu juga digunakan sebagai dasar untuk pembuatan ijin dari badan pengawas (BAPETEN. Kata Kunci : kritikalitas, fasilitas penyimpanan berbahan uranium,  k-eff

  14. Maailma kaunid aiad : Nymans'i aed / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Nymans'i aia Inglismaal rajas 1885. a. Ludwig Messel ning kujundas seda koos oma poja Leonard Messeliga. Aed on tuntud haruldaste puude ja põõsaste rohkuse poolest, aia omapäraks on kerakujuliseks pöetud ja väljalõigatud siiludega jugapuud. 19 ill

  15. Architecture and Functionality of the Advanced Life Support On-Line Project Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, John A.; Levri, Julie A.; Morrow, Rich; Cavazzoni, Jim; Rodriguez, Luis F.; Riano, Rebecca; Whitaker, Dawn R.

    2004-01-01

    An ongoing effort is underway at NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) to develop an On-line Project Information System (OPIS) for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. The objective of this three-year project is to develop, test, revise and deploy OPIS to enhance the quality of decision-making metrics and attainment of Program goals through improved knowledge sharing. OPIS will centrally locate detailed project information solicited from investigators on an annual basis and make it readily accessible by the ALS Community via a Web-accessible interface. The data will be stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQL) located on a secure server at NASA ARC. OPE will simultaneously serve several functions, including being an research and technology development (R&TD) status information hub that can potentially serve as the primary annual reporting mechanism for ALS-funded projects. Using OPIS, ALS managers and element leads will be able to carry out informed R&TD investment decisions, and allow analysts to perform accurate systems evaluations. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will serve to educate technology developers of programmatic needs. OPIS will collect comprehensive information from all ALS projects as well as highly detailed information specific to technology development in each ALS area (Waste, Water, Air, Biomass, Food, Thermal, Controls and Systems Analysis). Because the scope of needed information can vary dramatically between areas, element-specific technology information is being compiled with the aid of multiple specialized working groups. This paper presents the current development status in terms of the architecture and functionality of OPIS. Possible implementation approaches for OPIS are also discussed.

  16. Cone beam computed tomography: An accurate imaging technique in comparison with orthogonal portal imaging in intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Om Prakash Gurjar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Various factors cause geometric uncertainties during prostate radiotherapy, including interfractional and intrafractional patient motions, organ motion, and daily setup errors. This may lead to increased normal tissue complications when a high dose to the prostate is administered. More-accurate treatment delivery is possible with daily imaging and localization of the prostate. This study aims to measure the shift of the prostate by using kilovoltage (kV cone beam computed tomography (CBCT after position verification by kV orthogonal portal imaging (OPI.Methods: Position verification in 10 patients with prostate cancer was performed by using OPI followed by CBCT before treatment delivery in 25 sessions per patient. In each session, OPI was performed by using an on-board imaging (OBI system and pelvic bone-to-pelvic bone matching was performed. After applying the noted shift by using OPI, CBCT was performed by using the OBI system and prostate-to-prostate matching was performed. The isocenter shifts along all three translational directions in both techniques were combined into a three-dimensional (3-D iso-displacement vector (IDV.Results: The mean (SD IDV (in centimeters calculated during the 250 imaging sessions was 0.931 (0.598, median 0.825 for OPI and 0.515 (336, median 0.43 for CBCT, p-value was less than 0.0001 which shows extremely statistical significant difference.Conclusion: Even after bone-to-bone matching by using OPI, a significant shift in prostate was observed on CBCT. This study concludes that imaging with CBCT provides a more accurate prostate localization than the OPI technique. Hence, CBCT should be chosen as the preferred imaging technique.

  17. Plant operator selection system for evaluating employment candidates' potential for success in electric power plant operations positions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dunnette, M.D.

    1982-01-01

    The Plant Operator Selection System is a battery of tests and questionnaires that can be administered to job candidates in less than three hours. Various components of the battery measure what a job candidate has accomplished in previous educational and work situations, how well a candidate compares with others on a number of important aptitudes or abilities, and whether or not a candidate possesses the kind of personal stability required in power plant operations positions. A job candidate's answers to the tests and questionnaires of the Plant Operator Selection System are scored and converted to an OVERALL POTENTIAL INDEX. Values of the OVERALL POTENTIAL INDEX [OPI] range between 0 and 15. Candidates with high OPI values are much more likely to become effective and successful plant operators than candidates with low OPI values. It is possible to estimate the financial advantages to a company of using the Plant Operator Selection System in evaluating candidates for plant operations jobs

  18. Two- and three-dimensional lanthanide-organic frameworks constructed using 1-hydro-6-oxopyridine-3-carboxylate and oxalate ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Cai-Ming; Xiong, Ming; Zhang, De-Qing; Du, Miao; Zhu, Dao-Ben

    2009-08-07

    6-Hydroxypyridine-3-carboxylic acid (6-HOPy-3-CO(2)H) reacts with Ln(2)O(3) (Ln = Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd) and oxalic acid (H(2)OX) under hydrothermal conditions to generate four novel lanthanide-organic coordination polymeric networks [Ln(2)(1H-6-Opy-3-CO(2))(2)(OX)(2)(H(2)O)(3)] x 2.5 H(2)O (Ln = Nd, 1; Sm, 2; 1H-6-Opy-3-CO(2)(-) = 1-hydro-6-oxopyridine-3-carboxylate) and [Ln(1H-6-Opy-3-CO(2))(OX)(H(2)O)(2)] x H(2)O (Ln = Eu, 3; Gd, 4). The new co-ligand 1H-6-Opy-3-CO(2)(-) anion was generated by the autoisomerization of the single deprotonated 6-HOPy-3-CO(2)(-) anion (from the enol form into the ketone one). 1 and 2 are isomorphous, they possess a three-dimensional architecture constructed from Ln(3+) ions bridged by oxalate anions and two types of 1H-6-Opy-3-CO(2)(-) bridges, showing a three-nodal (4,5)-connected topology (3.4(2).5(2).6(3).7.8)(2)(3.5(3).6(2))(2)(3(2).6.7(2).8) or a simplified uninodal 6-connected topology (3(3).4(6).5(5).6), both topologies are completely new; while only one type of 1H-6-Opy-3-CO(2)(-) bridge is used to construct the two-dimensional layer networks of 3 and 4 besides oxalate bridges, both complexes 3 and 4 are isostructural, exhibiting the honeycomb topology 6(3). The lanthanide contraction effect is believed to play a key role in directing the formation of a particular structure. A magnetic study of 1-3 indicated that the coupling interaction between Ln(3+) ions is weak.

  19. Demostración por inmunocitoquímica del pentapéptido metionina-encefalina en el tálamo e hipotálamo del gato

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Aragón, Yolanda

    1986-01-01

    La “historia” de las sustancias opiáceas se ha complicado extraordinariamente desde las primeras publicaciones, aparecidas a mediados de los setenta, que versaban sobre su localización en el cerebro y fluido cerebroespinal (Hughas, 1975; Terenius y Wahlstrom, 1975), y al descubrirse que ciertas neuronas presentaban receptores capaces de unirse a los opiáceos.El descubrimiento y caracterización de las encefalinas estimuló a que se realizaran numerosos estudios sobre su distribución en el siste...

  20. Development Approach of the Advanced Life Support On-line Project Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, John A.; Morrow, Rich; Ho, Michael C.; Kaehms, Bob; Cavazzoni, Jim; Brodbeck, Christina A.; Whitaker, Dawn R.

    2005-01-01

    The Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program has recently accelerated an effort to develop an On-line Project Information System (OPIS) for research project and technology development data centralization and sharing. There has been significant advancement in the On-line Project Information System (OPIS) over the past year (Hogan et al, 2004). This paper presents the resultant OPIS development approach. OPIS is being built as an application framework consisting of an uderlying Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP (LAMP) stack, and supporting class libraries that provides database abstraction and automatic code generation, simplifying the ongoing development and maintenance process. Such a development approach allows for quick adaptation to serve multiple Programs, although initial deployment is for an ALS module. OPIS core functionality will involve a Web-based annual solicitation of project and technology data directly from ALS Principal Investigators (PIs) through customized data collection forms. Data provided by PIs will be reviewed by a Technical Task Monitor (TTM) before posting the information to OPIS for ALS Community viewing via the Web. Such Annual Reports will be permanent, citable references within OPIS. OPlS core functionality will also include Project Home Sites, which will allow PIS to provide updated technology information to the Community in between Annual Report updates. All data will be stored in an object-oriented relational database, created in MySQL(Reistered Trademark) and located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center (ARC). Upon launch, OPlS can be utilized by Managers to identify research and technology development (R&TD) gaps and to assess task performance. Analysts can employ OPlS to obtain the current, comprehensive, accurate information about advanced technologies that is required to perform trade studies of various life support system options. ALS researchers and technology developers can use OPlS to achieve an improved understanding of the NASA

  1. Optimality Measures for Monotone Equivariant Cluster Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    complete linkage, u-clustering (u - .3, .5, .7), uv-clustering (uv = (.2,.4), (.2,.6), (.4,.6)) as well as the UPGMA algorithm. The idea will be to...Table 15. Notice that these measure-- do indeed pioduce difftxent verdicts. OPI rates UPGMA as best with uv = (.2,.4) R € second. By OP2, UPGMA is best...By OPI, UPGQA and uv = (.4,.6) are tied for first place, while by OP2, UPGMA is best with uv = (.2,.6), uv = (.2,.4) and uv = (.4,.6) close behind

  2. Decision Support Systems for Research and Management in Advanced Life Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriquez, Luis F.

    2004-01-01

    Decision support systems have been implemented in many applications including strategic planning for battlefield scenarios, corporate decision making for business planning, production planning and control systems, and recommendation generators like those on Amazon.com(Registered TradeMark). Such tools are reviewed for developing a similar tool for NASA's ALS Program. DSS are considered concurrently with the development of the OPIS system, a database designed for chronicling of research and development in ALS. By utilizing the OPIS database, it is anticipated that decision support can be provided to increase the quality of decisions by ALS managers and researchers.

  3. Charge Transport in 4 nm Molecular Wires with Interrupted Conjugation: Combined Experimental and Computational Evidence for Thermally Assisted Polaron Tunneling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taherinia, Davood; Smith, Christopher E; Ghosh, Soumen; Odoh, Samuel O; Balhorn, Luke; Gagliardi, Laura; Cramer, Christopher J; Frisbie, C Daniel

    2016-04-26

    We report the synthesis, transport measurements, and electronic structure of conjugation-broken oligophenyleneimine (CB-OPI 6) molecular wires with lengths of ∼4 nm. The wires were grown from Au surfaces using stepwise aryl imine condensation reactions between 1,4-diaminobenzene and terephthalaldehyde (1,4-benzenedicarbaldehyde). Saturated spacers (conjugation breakers) were introduced into the molecular backbone by replacing the aromatic diamine with trans-1,4-diaminocyclohexane at specific steps during the growth processes. FT-IR and ellipsometry were used to follow the imination reactions on Au surfaces. Surface coverages (∼4 molecules/nm(2)) and electronic structures of the wires were determined by cyclic voltammetry and UV-vis spectroscopy, respectively. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the wires were acquired using conducting probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM) in which an Au-coated AFM probe was brought into contact with the wires to form metal-molecule-metal junctions with contact areas of ∼50 nm(2). The low bias resistance increased with the number of saturated spacers, but was not sensitive to the position of the spacer within the wire. Temperature dependent measurements of resistance were consistent with a localized charge (polaron) hopping mechanism in all of the wires. Activation energies were in the range of 0.18-0.26 eV (4.2-6.0 kcal/mol) with the highest belonging to the fully conjugated OPI 6 wire and the lowest to the CB3,5-OPI 6 wire (the wire with two saturated spacers). For the two other wires with a single conjugation breaker, CB3-OPI 6 and CB5-OPI 6, activation energies of 0.20 eV (4.6 kcal/mol) and 0.21 eV (4.8 kcal/mol) were found, respectively. Computational studies using density functional theory confirmed the polaronic nature of charge carriers but predicted that the semiclassical activation energy of hopping should be higher for CB-OPI molecular wires than for the OPI 6 wire. To reconcile the experimental and

  4. Asesinatos empleando relajantes musculares, opioides y otras drogas anestésicas

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Hurtado, Eugenio; Gómez García, Ana María

    2012-01-01

    Los anestésicos, los opiáceos y los relajantes musculares pueden deprimir la respiración y otros procesos vitales hasta el extremo de producir la muerte si no se mantiene la ventilación. De modo que estos fármacos se han empleado para la eutanasia, el suicidio y las ejecuciones. Los criminales también han reparado en las posibilidades letales de los anestésicos, y durante los años recientes se han cometido homicidios empleando hipnóticos, anestésicos generales inhalados, opiáceos y relajantes...

  5. Summary of approaches to dynamic analysis of man-machine interaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hollnagel, E.

    1995-05-01

    The present report was commissioned as a study under the first phase of the NKS/RAK-1, Sub-project 3. The topic of this sub-project is integrated sequence analysis with emphasis on human-system interaction. The report provides the following: a presentation of the principles of dynamic event analysis (joint system simulation), a short survey and characterisation of the main existing systems, and a recommendation of concepts and techniques in relation to the aims of the NKS/RAK-1 project. It is intended that the recommendations shall be used as part of the further planning of the subproject. The work reported here is an extension of the presentation that was given at the first NKS meeting on August 26, 1994. The work has been carried out by Human Reliability Associates, Ltd., in the period October-November, 1994. (au) 20 refs

  6. Dowling–Degos disease with reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura: Extended spectrum of a single entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyam Govind Rathoriya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dowling–Degos disease (DDD and reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura (RAK are rare genodermatoses inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with variable penetrance. They are considered to be part of a spectrum of reticulate pigmentary dermatoses, characterized by the presence of hyperpigmented macules coalescing in a reticular fashion. The authors describe a 28-year-old male patient having hyperpigmented macules on the axillae, neck and face, reticulate acropigmentation of dorsum of the hands, forearms and feet, palmar pitting, and comedo-like lesions over back. The patient showed the unique clinical as well as histopathological overlap of both the rare diseases (DDD and RAK, substantiating the hypothesis that they represent two different features of a single entity with variable phenotypic expression.

  7. Synthesis and functionalization of persistent luminescence nanoparticles with small molecules and evaluation of their targeting ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldiney, Thomas; Byk, Gerardo; Wattier, Nicolas; Seguin, Johanne; Khandadash, Raz; Bessodes, Michel; Richard, Cyrille; Scherman, Daniel

    2012-02-14

    We have recently reported the design and use of inorganic nanoparticles with persistent luminescence properties. Such nanoparticles can be excited with a UV lamp for 2min and emit light in the near-infrared area for dozen of minutes without any further excitation. This property is of particular interest for small animal optical imaging, since it avoids the autofluorescence of endogenous fluorophores which is one major problem encountered when using fluorescent probes. We report herein the synthesis of persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs) and their functionalization with two small targeting molecules: biotin and Rak-2. We provide characterization of each PLNP as well as preliminary evidence of the ability of PLNP-PEG-Biotin to target streptavidin and PLNP-PEG-Rak-2 to bind prostate cancer cells in vitro. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Summary of approaches to dynamic analysis of man-machine interaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollnagel, E [Human Reliability Analysis Ltd. (United Kingdom)

    1995-05-01

    The present report was commissioned as a study under the first phase of the NKS/RAK-1, Sub-project 3. The topic of this sub-project is integrated sequence analysis with emphasis on human-system interaction. The report provides the following: a presentation of the principles of dynamic event analysis (joint system simulation), a short survey and characterisation of the main existing systems, and a recommendation of concepts and techniques in relation to the aims of the NKS/RAK-1 project. It is intended that the recommendations shall be used as part of the further planning of the subproject. The work reported here is an extension of the presentation that was given at the first NKS meeting on August 26, 1994. The work has been carried out by Human Reliability Associates, Ltd., in the period October-November, 1994. (au) 20 refs.

  9. Työntekijän opas lapsen rakkaudelliseen kohtaamiseen Helsingin Diakonissalaitoksen intensiivihoidossa

    OpenAIRE

    Cacho, Janika

    2014-01-01

    TIIVISTELMÄ Cacho, Janika. Työntekijän opas lapsen rakkaudelliseen kohtaamiseen Helsingin Diakonissalaitoksen intensiivihoidossa. Kevät 2014, 73s., 2 liitteitä. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Sosiaalialan koulutusohjelma, Kristillisen lapsi- ja nuorisotyön suuntautumisvaihtoehto, sosionomi (AMK) + kirkon nuorisotyöntekijän virkakelpoisuus. Opinnäytetyöni tavoitteena oli tuottaa opas, joka tarjoaisi Helsingin Diakonissalaitoksen intensiivihoidon työntekijöille tietoa lapsen rak...

  10. Maksumaksjate liit ei toeta maksukoormuse tõusu / Lasse Lehis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehis, Lasse, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Maksumaksjate Liidu seisukohtadest muudatuste tegemise kohta Eesti maksusüsteemis. Lisa: Maksumaksjate liit teeb ettepaneku vähendada maksuintressi määra (EML pressiteade 19. 01. 2009 ; Lehis, Lasse. Maksuvõla ajatamisel intressimääraks null ; Rahandusministri vastus seaduseelnõu algatamise ettepaneku kohta 9. 02. 2009). Vt. ka: http://www.maksumaksjad.ee/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=688.

  11. Pemanfaatan Limbah Cair Industri Tahu sebagai Pupuk Cair Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Kangkung Darat (Ipomoea Reptans Poir)

    OpenAIRE

    Aliyenah, Aliyenah; A Napoleon, A Napoleon; Yudono, Bambang

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian tentang Pemanfaatan Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Sebagai Pupuk Cair Organik Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Tanaman Kangkung Darat (Ipomoea reptans Poir) ini telah dilaksanakan pada Ja-nuari - Maret 2013. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan limbah cair industri tahu agar dapat digunakan sebagai pupuk cair organik untuk tanaman kangkung darat. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan meng-gunakan Rancang Acak Kelompok (RAK), dengan perlakuan konsentrasi pupuk cair organik dari ...

  12. Master catalogue of foreign reports on the safety of nuclear installations and radiological protection, kept at Federal Office for Radiation Protection on behalf of the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-02-01

    The literature is sent to the Federal Ministry of the Environment (BWU) by foreign institutes or organizations within the framework of bilateral agreements. The reports and documents dealing with radiation protection and the safety of nuclear installations are retrievable from the catalogue by author/title or serial title. The bibliographic description of literature items follows the alphabetical cataloging rules (RAK-WAB). (orig./DG) [de

  13. Source term calculations - Ringhals 2 PWR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johansson, L.L.

    1998-02-01

    This project was performed within the fifth and final phase of sub-project RAK-2.1 of the Nordic Co-operative Reactor Safety Program, NKS.RAK-2.1 has also included studies of reflooding of degraded core, recriticality and late phase melt progression. Earlier source term calculations for Swedish nuclear power plants are based on the integral code MAAP. A need was recognised to compare these calculations with calculations done with mechanistic codes. In the present work SCDAP/RELAP5 and CONTAIN were used. Only limited results could be obtained within the frame of RAK-2.1, since many problems were encountered using the SCDAP/RELAP5 code. The main obstacle was the extremely long execution times of the MOD3.1 version, but also some dubious fission product calculations. However, some interesting results were obtained for the studied sequence, a total loss of AC power. The report describes the modelling approach for SCDAP/RELAP5 and CONTAIN, and discusses results for the transient including the event of a surge line creep rupture. The study will probably be completed later, providing that an improved SCDAP/RELAP5 code version becomes available. (au) becomes available. (au)

  14. Source term calculations - Ringhals 2 PWR. Interim report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansson, Lise-Lotte

    1998-03-01

    This project was performed within the fifth and final phase of sub-project RAK-2.1 of the Nordic Co-operative Reactor Safety Program, NKS. RAK-2.1 has also included studies of reflooding of degraded core, recriticality and late phase melt progression. Earlier source term calculations for Swedish nuclear power plants are based on the integral code MAAP. A need was recognised to compare these calculations with calculations done with mechanistic codes. In the present work SCDAP/RELAP5 and CONTAIN were used. Only limited results could be obtained within the frame of RAK-2.1, since many problems were encountered using the SCDAP/RELAP5 code. The main obstacle was the extremely long execution times of the MOD3.1 version, but also some dubious fission product calculations. However, some interesting results were obtained for the studied sequence, a total loss of AC power. The report describes the modelling approach for SCDAP/RELAP5 and CONTAIN, and discusses results for the transient including the event of a surge line creep rupture. The study will probably be completed later, providing that an improved SCDAP/RELAP5 code version becomes available 8 refs, 16 figs, 5 tabs

  15. Understanding the Mechanism of Soil Erosion from Outdoor Model ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A method for obtaining important data on eroded soils, using a one eight experimental slope model is presented. The scope of the investigation herein described encompassed three locations in the south- eastern parts of Nigeria, which are belts of severe erosion, namely Opi-Nsukka, Agulu and Udi, [Fig. 1.] Soil samples ...

  16. DMPD: MDA5/RIG-I and virus recognition. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18272355 MDA5/RIG-I and virus recognition. Takeuchi O, Akira S. Curr Opin Immunol. ...2008 Feb;20(1):17-22. Epub 2008 Feb 12. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show MDA5/RIG-I and virus recognition.... PubmedID 18272355 Title MDA5/RIG-I and virus recognition. Authors Takeuchi O, Akira S. Publication Curr Opi

  17. Hypertension 1996 simplified guidelines for primary care nurses and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    into 90 - 100 or 100 - 115 mmHg ranges, depending on the risk factor situation. Those at high risk get treated as if in the higher BP category. MRC/UCT Ischaemic Heart Disease Research Unit and Hypertension. Clinic, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town. L H. Opie. M.D.. PH.D.. ERC.? SAMJ Volume 86 No.

  18. Podejście oparte na ryzyku w świetle wymagań normy PN-EN ISO 9001:2015-10.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana Zając

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available W artykule poruszono zagadnienie zarządzania ryzykiem w odniesieniu do organizacji wdrażających system zarządzania jakością zgodny ISO 9001:2015. Opisano proces analizy ryzyka oraz przedstawiono przykładowy opis metodyki oceny ryzyka.

  19. Tombusviruses upregulate phospholipid biosynthesis via interaction between p33 replication protein and yeast lipid sensor proteins during virus replication in yeast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barajas, Daniel; Xu, Kai; Sharma, Monika; Wu, Cheng-Yu; Nagy, Peter D.

    2014-01-01

    Positive-stranded RNA viruses induce new membranous structures and promote membrane proliferation in infected cells to facilitate viral replication. In this paper, the authors show that a plant-infecting tombusvirus upregulates transcription of phospholipid biosynthesis genes, such as INO1, OPI3 and CHO1, and increases phospholipid levels in yeast model host. This is accomplished by the viral p33 replication protein, which interacts with Opi1p FFAT domain protein and Scs2p VAP protein. Opi1p and Scs2p are phospholipid sensor proteins and they repress the expression of phospholipid genes. Accordingly, deletion of OPI1 transcription repressor in yeast has a stimulatory effect on TBSV RNA accumulation and enhanced tombusvirus replicase activity in an in vitro assay. Altogether, the presented data convincingly demonstrate that de novo lipid biosynthesis is required for optimal TBSV replication. Overall, this work reveals that a (+)RNA virus reprograms the phospholipid biosynthesis pathway in a unique way to facilitate its replication in yeast cells. - Highlights: • Tombusvirus p33 replication protein interacts with FFAT-domain host protein. • Tombusvirus replication leads to upregulation of phospholipids. • Tombusvirus replication depends on de novo lipid synthesis. • Deletion of FFAT-domain host protein enhances TBSV replication. • TBSV rewires host phospholipid synthesis

  20. West Indian Sojourners in Guatemala and Honduras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald N. Harpelle

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Race, Nation, and West Indian Immigration to Honduras, 1890-1940. Glenn A. Chambers. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010. xii +202 pp. (Cloth US$ 35.00Black Labor Migration in Caribbean Guatemala, 1882-1923. Frederick Douglass Opie. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2009. 145 pp. (Cloth US$ 65.00

  1. Regulations for the maintenance division of the RA reactor, Annex 6; Prilog 6 - Pravilnik poslovanja Odelenja odrzavanja i remonta reaktora RA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Badrljica, R [Reaktor RA, Odelenje odrzavanja, Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1965-12-15

    The regulations for the Division of reactor maintenance include the organizational scheme, tasks of the Division, and operation procedures for all the staff members. [Serbo-Croat] Pravilnik o radu Odelenja za odrzavanje reaktora RA sadrzi opis organizacione strukture sluzbe, zadataka Odelenja, organizacije rada, nacin poslovanja za sve saradnike Odelenja.

  2. JPRS Report, Reference Aid: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    Information Center CETME Centro de Estudios Teenicos de Materiales Especiales Special Equipment Research and Testing Center CF capitän de fragata...Organization OLLA Organizacio de Lluita Armada ON Orden Nuevo Armed Struggle Organization New Order OPI Oposiciön de Izguierda Leftist

  3. 13. I kuulutas ETV kultuurisaade "OP!" välja oma lemmikud...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Tegijad koos 30 kultuuritegija ja -ajakirjanikuga valisid 2003. a. "OP!-is" kajastatu hulgast oma lemmikud: näitus - Tõnu Arraku damaskuse terasest noad ajaloomuuseumis, maja - restaureeritud Albu mõisakool (arhitekt Jaan Jõgi, sisearhitekt Nele Rohtla). Auhinnaks kunstnik Ave Nahkuri maalitud pilt

  4. The diets of littoral fish from the Cape Peninsula

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mainly by poisoning with rotenone dissolved in acetone, but hand nets and baited hooks were also used on occasion. All fish were killed by placing in formalin or alcohol, after which they were ...... A wide variety of prey species were taken (Table 3), with ..... first weeks after the beginning of exogenous feeding in Lake Opi-.

  5. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart G of... - Departmental Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Policy. Date: March 22, 1983. OPI: Land Use Staff, Soil Conservation Service. Section 1. Purpose 2... export markets. Continued conversion of the Nation's wetlands may reduce the availability of adequate... resources in such manner as to facilitate restoration. This restoration would reestablish or enhance food...

  6. Prostate Cancer Detected by Screening in a Semi Urban Community ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Towns that share a common border with Nsukka are Edem Ani, Alor‑uno, Opi, Orba, and Ede‑Oballa. Nsukka LGA has an area of 1810 km² and a population of 309,633 at the 2006 census. All consecutive responders who met the inclusion criteria were recruited. Subjects and Methods: A screening outreach was conducted ...

  7. Food preservation and security at household level in rural Nsukka ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, food insecurity at the household level can partly be attributed to poor preservation of post-harvest surpluses. This study sought to demonstrate a relationship (if any) between preservation of post harvest surpluses and food security at rural household level. Eha-Alumona and Opi-Uno, in Nsukka, Enugu State were ...

  8. GenBank blastx search result: AK104002 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available opy of the insertion element IS2 is inserted after cloning in E.coli by duplicating a 5 base pair sequence. This is the wildtype TRP5 gene before insertion of IS2.|PLN PLN 6e-22 +1 ...

  9. Synthesis, characterization and study of the magnetic properties of a coordination polymer containing cobalt(II) and copper(II); Sintese, caracterizacao e estudo das propriedades magneticas de um polimero de coordenacao contendo cobalto(II) e cobre(II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cunha, Tamyris T. da; Stumpf, Humberto O.; Pereira, Cynthia L.M., E-mail: cynthialopes@ufmg.br [Departamento de Quimica, Instituto de Ciencias Exatas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Pires, Heber S.; Oliveira, Luiz F.C. de [Departamento de Quimica, Instituto de Ciencias Exatas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, MG (Brazil); Pedroso, Emerson F. [Departamento de Quimica, Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Nunes, Wallace C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    This work describes the synthesis and characterization of two new compounds with ligand opy (N-(2-pyridyl)oxamate): the copper(II) precursor [Me{sub 4}N]{sub 2}[Cu(opy){sub 2}].5H{sub 2}O and Co{sup II} Cu{sup II} coordination polymer {l_brace}[Co Cu(opy){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n}x4nH{sub 2}O. This latter compound was obtained by reaction of [Me{sub 4}N]{sub 2}[Cu(opy){sub 2}].5H{sub 2}O and CoCl{sub 2}.6H{sub 2}O in water. The heterobimetallic Co{sup II} Cu{sup II} chain was characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry and magnetic measurements. Magnetic characterization revealed typical behavior of one-dimensional (1D) ferrimagnetic chain as shown in the curves of temperature (T) dependence of magnetic susceptibility ({chi}{sub M}), in the form of {chi}{sub M}T versus T, and dependence of magnetization (M) with applied field (H). (author)

  10. Podejście oparte na ryzyku w świetle wymagań normy PN-EN ISO 9001:2015-10.

    OpenAIRE

    Romana Zając

    2017-01-01

    W artykule poruszono zagadnienie zarządzania ryzykiem w odniesieniu do organizacji wdrażających system zarządzania jakością zgodny ISO 9001:2015. Opisano proces analizy ryzyka oraz przedstawiono przykładowy opis metodyki oceny ryzyka.

  11. The Chameleon Concept: Modeling Quaternary Geomorphic Surfaces Using Laboratory, Field, and Imaging Spectrometry in the Lower Colorado Sonoran Desert

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    Oblique aerial photographs of dry deciduous tropical forest at the STRI Tropical Research Crane at the Parque Natural Metropolitano, Republic of Panama...Research Crane at the Parque Natural Metropolitano, Republic of Panama. ......................... 134 58. Original (a) and synthetic (b and c) tropical... Parque Natural Metropolitano, Republic of Panama. 133 b. Double canopy tropical forest diversity as seen from the can- opy crane gondola

  12. Characterization of specific random amplified polymorphic (RAPD ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    toshiba

    2013-04-10

    Apr 10, 2013 ... GGG CCA CTG T. 8. 8. 0. 97. OPY-20. AGC CGT GGA A. 7. 7. 0. 98. OPZ-13. GAC TAA GCC C. 0. 0. 0 fingerprinting differentiation was combined with bulked segregant analysis (Michelmore, et al. 1991). A total of. 98 operon RAPD primers (Almaeda, USA) were used in the first step differential screening in ...

  13. Detection of physiological changes after exercise via a remote optophysiological imaging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yu; Hu, Sijung; Azorin-Peris, Vicente; Zheng, Jia; Greenwald, Stephen; Chambers, Jonathon; Zhu, Yisheng

    2011-03-01

    A study of blood perfusion mapping was performed with a remote opto-physiological imaging (OPI) system coupling a sensitive CMOS camera and a custom-built resonant cavity light emitting diode (RCLED) ringlight. The setup is suitable for the remote assessment of blood perfusion in tissue over a wide range of anatomical locations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and stability of the OPI system when measuring a cardiovascular variable of clinical interest, in this case, heart rate. To this end, the non-contact and contact photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals obtained from the OPI system and conventional PPG sensor were recorded simultaneously from each of 12 subjects before and after 5-min of cycling exercise. The time-frequency representation (TFR) method was used to visualize the time-dependent behavior of the signal frequency. The physiological parameters derived from the images captured by the OPI system exhibit comparable functional characteristics to those taken from conventional contact PPG pulse waveform measurements in both the time and frequency domains. Finally and more importantly, a previously developed opto-physiological model was employed to provide a 3-D representation of blood perfusion in human tissue which could provide a new insight into clinical assessment and diagnosis of circulatory pathology in various tissue segments.

  14. A Study of Programs and Services: An Action Report. Montana State Dissemination Worksessions, Office of Public Instruction (Helena, Montana, November and December 1979 and January 1980).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Input into the design, content, and development of a comprehensive resource tool--the Montana Educational Resources and Services notebook--was provided by the 16 members of a planning team made up of Office of Public Instruction (OPI) managers and consultants, selected Montana educators, and Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory Dissemination…

  15. Another Look at Correlations between the Oral Proficiency Interview and the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazulik, Johannes; Brown, Cheri

    A study supplementing earlier research by Lalande and Schweckendiek investigated comparisons and correlations obtained from testing a group of 17 university students of German using both the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and the most recent revision of the examination for the…

  16. Effectiveness of a web-based personalized rheumatoid arthritis risk tool with or without a health educator for knowledge of RA risk factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prado, Maria G; Iversen, Maura D; Yu, Zhi; Miller Kroouze, Rachel; Triedman, Nellie A; Kalia, Sarah S; Lu, Bing; Green, Robert C; Karlson, Elizabeth W; Sparks, Jeffrey A

    2018-01-05

    To assess knowledge of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk factors among unaffected first-degree relatives (FDRs) and to study whether a personalized RA education tool increases risk factor knowledge. We performed a randomized controlled trial assessing RA educational interventions among 238 FDRs. The web-based Personalized Risk Estimator for RA (PRE-RA) tool displayed personalized RA risk results (genetics, autoantibodies, demographics, and behaviors) and educated about risk factors. Subjects were randomly assigned to: Comparison arm (standard RA education, n=80), PRE-RA arm (PRE-RA alone, n=78), or PRE-RA Plus arm (PRE-RA and a one-on-one session with a trained health educator, n=80). The RA Knowledge Score (RAKS, the number of 8 established RA risk factors identified as related to RA) was calculated at baseline and post-education (immediate/6 weeks/6 months/12 months). We compared RAKS and its components at each post-education point by randomization arm. At baseline before education, few FDRs identified behavioral RA risk factors (15.9% for dental health, 31.9% for smoking, 47.5% for overweight/obesity, and 54.2% for diet). After education, RAKS increased in all arms, higher in PRE-RA and PRE-RA Plus than Comparison at all post-education points (peducation (proportion agreeing smoking is a risk factor at 6 weeks: 83.1% in PRE-RA Plus arm, 71.8% in PRE-RA, and 43.1% in Comparison arms, peducation tool successfully increased RA risk factor knowledge. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  17. Spectro radiometry Applied to Soil Science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schmid, T.; Chabrillat, S.; Guerrero, C.; Jimenez, M.; Lopez, F.; Palacios, A.; Pelayo, M.; Rodriguez, M.

    2012-01-01

    This work is the result of an internal course that was held in CIEMAT under the framework of activities within the Itinerario Formativo: Tecnicas experimentales de apoyo a la Investigacion I+D+I, as part of the Programa de Acciones Conjuntas de OPIs (CIEMAT, INTA and IGME) financed by the Instituto Nacional de Administracion Publica (INAP). The course was aimed at researchers, technical staff and students associated to the different OPIs introducing them to spectroradiometric techniques for determining soil properties and processes and obtain a thorough insight into the compilation and applications of spectral libraries. This course was directed and organized by CIEMAT with experts specialized in the field of spectro radiometry presenting the corresponding theory and application as well as practical work carried out in the laboratory and in the field. The course is within the research lines carried out by the group Unidad de Conservacion y Recuperacion de Suelos of the Departamento de Medio Ambiente in CIEMAT. (Author)

  18. Commercial Property Index Construction Methodology: A Review on Literature and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Nasir Daud

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the literature on commercial property index construction methodology. Alongside this, index construction methodology employed by various organizations in producing existing commercial property indices is also discussed. The aim of the review is to identify the best possible methodology option to adopt in developing Kuala Lumpur Office Price Index (KL - OPI. Among the Asean countries, Singapore is the only country in this region that produces retail and office price index. In the case of Malaysia, this is the first study of this nature in the country, which outcome would be useful indicator for the industry. Having reviewed the existing methodologies of commercial property indices, it is best to model KL-OPI by adopting the hedonic price method

  19. Spectro radiometry Applied to Soil Science; Espectrorradiometria Aplicada a la Ciencia del Suelo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, T; Chabrillat, S; Guerrero, C; Jimenez, M; Lopez, F; Palacios, A; Pelayo, M; Rodriguez, M

    2012-07-01

    This work is the result of an internal course that was held in CIEMAT under the framework of activities within the ''Itinerario Formativo: Tecnicas experimentales de apoyo a la Investigacion I+D+I'', as part of the Programa de Acciones Conjuntas de OPIs (CIEMAT, INTA and IGME) financed by the Instituto Nacional de Administracion Publica (INAP). The course was aimed at researchers, technical staff and students associated to the different OPIs introducing them to spectroradiometric techniques for determining soil properties and processes and obtain a thorough insight into the compilation and applications of spectral libraries. This course was directed and organized by CIEMAT with experts specialized in the field of spectro radiometry presenting the corresponding theory and application as well as practical work carried out in the laboratory and in the field. The course is within the research lines carried out by the group Unidad de Conservacion y Recuperacion de Suelos of the Departamento de Medio Ambiente in CIEMAT. (Author)

  20. An interactive health communication application for supporting parents managing childhood long-term conditions: outcomes of a randomized controlled feasibility trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swallow, Veronica M; Knafl, Kathleen; Santacroce, Sheila; Campbell, Malcolm; Hall, Andrew G; Smith, Trish; Carolan, Ian

    2014-12-03

    Families living with chronic or long-term conditions such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), stages 3-5, face multiple challenges and respond to these challenges in various ways. Some families adapt well while others struggle, and family response to a condition is closely related to outcome. With families and professionals, we developed a novel condition-specific interactive health communication app to improve parents' management ability-the online parent information and support (OPIS) program. OPIS consists of a comprehensive mix of clinical caregiving and psychosocial information and support. The purpose of this study was to (1) assess feasibility of a future full-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) of OPIS in terms of recruitment and retention, data collection procedures, and psychometric performance of the study measures in the target population, and (2) investigate trends in change in outcome measures in a small-scale RCT in parents of children with CKD stages 3-5. Parents were recruited from a pediatric nephrology clinic and randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: usual support for home-based clinical caregiving (control) or usual support plus password-protected access to OPIS for 20 weeks (intervention). Both groups completed study measures at study entry and exit. We assessed feasibility descriptively in terms of recruitment and retention rates overall; assessed recruitment, retention, and uptake of the intervention between groups; and compared family condition management, empowerment to deliver care, and fathers' involvement between groups. We recruited 55 parents of 39 children (42% of eligible families). Of those, about three-quarters of intervention group parents (19/26, 73%) and control group parents (22/29, 76%) were retained through completion of 20-week data collection. The overall retention rate was 41/55 (75%). The 41 parents completing the trial were asked to respond to the same 10 questionnaire scales at both baseline and 20 weeks

  1. STOCK MARKET WEALTH-EFFECTS DURING PRIVATIZATION INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERS IN CHILE (1984-1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROBERTO J. SANTILLÁN SALGADO

    2010-01-01

    económicas y políticas prevalecientes. En particular, se presentan los detalles operativos del mecanismo de emisión de acciones, complementado con un estudio estadístico de los Rendimientos Ajustados por el Mercado de las OPIs. Aunque el tamaño de la muestra es limitado y no permite alcanzar una validez externa, el análisis confirma la presencia de patrones de desempeño muy similares a los observados en OPIs tanto privadas como privatizadoras, de acuerdo con otros estudios relacionados (Aggarwal, Leal y Hernández, 1993; Dewenter y Malatesta, 1997; Loughran, Ritter y Rydqvist, 1994; Perotti y Guney, 1993.

  2. EPICS Input/Output Controller (IOC) application developer's guide. APS Release 3.12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kraimer, M.R.

    1994-11-01

    This document describes the core software that resides in an Input/Output Controller (IOC), one of the major components of EPICS. The basic components are: (OPI) Operator Interface; this is a UNIX based workstation which can run various EPICS tools; (IOC) Input/Output Controller; this is a VME/VXI based chassis containing a Motorola 68xxx processor, various I/O modules, and VME modules that provide access to other I/O buses such as GPIB, (LAN), Local Area Network; and this is the communication network which allows the IOCs and OPIs to communicate. Epics provides a software component, Channel Access, which provides network transparent communication between a Channel Access client and an arbitrary number of Channel Access servers

  3. Autori egiziani degli anni Duemila. Blogosfera, graphic e postmoderno: nuovi linguaggi nel panorama letterario arabo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Avallone

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The first decade of the new millennium represents a crucial change for Egyptian civil society and its means of expression. This paper presents a brief overview of some new narrative forms developed in those years that were a prelude to the movement of revolt against Mubārak and his establishment. Short and long tales adapted from blogs, graphic and postmodern novels related to the web environment suggest that the free public cyberspace hosts voices of new cultural trends and is a workshop for literary creativity.

  4. Kajian Sifat Kimia Tanah, Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Padi (Oryiza sativa L.) Pada Tanah Sulfat Masam Potensial Akibat Pemberian Kompos Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dan Pupuk SP-36

    OpenAIRE

    Tambunan, Sri Wahyuni

    2013-01-01

    This research aims to compost give effect empty palm bunch studies and fertilizer SP-36 to improve chemistry characteristic, growing and rice production (Oryza sativa L.) in acidic sulfate soil. This research was conducted in greenhouse agricultural departments, universities northern Sumatra, Medan. This study used a randomized block design (RAK) factorial, with 2 factors: factor 1: compost TKS treatment factor (B) are : B0 = 0 ton ha-1 (0 g TKS/pot) ; B1 = 10 ton ha-1 (40 g TKS/pot); B2 = 20...

  5. Penggunaan Jamur Antagonis Trichoderma SP. Dan Gliocladium SP. Untuk Mengendalikan Penyakit Layu Fusarium Pada Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium Ascalonicum L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Arie Ramadhina, Arie Ramadhina; Lisnawita, Lisnawita; Lubis, Lahmuddin

    2013-01-01

    The use of antagonism fungus of Trichoderma sp. and Gliocladium sp. for controlling wilt(Fusarium oxysporum) in red onion plants. The aim of the research was to know the effectiviness ofantagonism fungus of Trichoderma sp. and Gliocladium sp. in controlling wilt in red onion plants.The research used non-factorial RAK (random group design) with eight treatments: control, 10grams of F. oxysporum, 12 grams of Trichoderma sp., 18 grams of Trichoderma sp., 24 grams ofTrichoderma sp., and 12 grams ...

  6. Pengaruh Jumlah Tanaman Per Lubang terhadap Vigor Benih Tiga Varietas Sorgum (Sorghum Bicolor [L].Moench) dengan Metode Pengusangan Cepat (MPC)

    OpenAIRE

    Purnamasari, Lidya; Pramono, Eko; Kamal, M

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the number of plants per hole on seed vigor of all sorghum varieties. Experiment is prepared by treatment with randomized block design (RAK) and repeated three times to do to achieve that goal. The first factor is the number of plants per hole that is 1 plant / hole (p1), 2 plants / hole (p2), 3 plants / holes (p3), and 4 plants / hole (p4). The second factor is the variety Numbu (g1), Keller (g2), and Wray (g3). The seed that had been harve...

  7. Connectivity-Based Reliable Multicast MAC Protocol for IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woo-Yong Choi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose the efficient reliable multicast MAC protocol based on the connectivity information among the recipients. Enhancing the BMMM (Batch Mode Multicast MAC protocol, the reliable multicast MAC protocol significantly reduces the RAK (Request for ACK frame transmissions in a reasonable computational time and enhances the MAC performance. By the analytical performance analysis, the throughputs of the BMMM protocol and our proposed MAC protocol are derived. Numerical examples show that our proposed MAC protocol increases the reliable multicast MAC performance for IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs.

  8. An update on periodontic-orthodontic interrelationships

    OpenAIRE

    Dannan, Aous

    2010-01-01

    Talking about periodontic-orthodontic interrelationships is related primarily to the 1960s, where a generalized increase in salivary bacterial counts, especially Lactobacillus, had been shown after orthodontic band placement. The purpose of this article is to provide the dental practitioner with basic understanding of the interrelationship between periodontics and orthodontics by means of representing classical studies, and, to give an update on this topic by demonstrating the most recent opi...

  9. Načrtovanje in montaža protivlomnega alarmnega sistema

    OpenAIRE

    ŠTULAR, ALEŠ

    2016-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava vrste alarmnih sistemov za tehnično varovanje. V nadaljevanju se posvetimo osnovnim gradnikom protivlomnega alarmnega sistema. Našteti so elementi alarmnega sistema in opis njihovega delovanja. Posebno pozornost posvetimo prenosu alarmnih sporočil na varnostno nadzorni center. Zaradi velikih razlik v ceni ter zanesljivosti samih prenosnih poti, je potrebna velika pozornost pri izbiri prave. Naštete so najpogostejše prenosne poti in njihove glavne značilnosti. Na koncu...

  10. Annual report of the group for maintenance of electrical equipment; Godisnji izvestaj elektro grupe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rajic, M [Odelenje odrzavanja, Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1965-12-15

    This report includes detailed description of repairs and revisions of the electrical equipment of the RA reactor which were done according to the annual plan during the periods when reactor was not operated. Unplanned repairs are part of this report as well. [Serbo-Croat] Ovaj izvestaj sadrzi detaljan opis remontnih i revizionih radova na elektroopremi reaktora RA izvrsenih prema godisnjem planu u periodima kada reaktor nije radio. Vanplanski poslovi ukljucujuci popravke elektroopreme su takodje deo ovog izvestaja.

  11. Regulations and instructions for RA reactor operation; Propisi i uputstva za pogon reaktora 'A'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-07-01

    This regulatory guide consists of following 4 chapters: Description of the RA reactor, organization scheme, regulations for performing experiments; Regulations for staff on duty; Instructions for operating the vacuum systems, heavy water and helium systems; and evacuation in case of accident. [Serbo-Croat] Ovaj pravilnik sadrzi sledeca 4 poglavlja: Opis reaktora RA, sema organizacije rada, propisi za izvodjenje eksperimenata; Pravilnik za rad dezurnog osoblja; Uputstva za rada sa vakuum sistemima, sistemom teske vode, sistemom helijuma; evakuacija u slucaju udesa.

  12. Radiation protection at the RA Reactor in 1985, Part -2, Annex 2c, Reconstruction of the measuring device on the meteorology tower; Deo 2 - Zastita od zracenja kod reaktora RA u 1985. godini - Prilog 2c - Rekonstrukcija merne instalacije na meteoroloskom stubu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Savic, Z; Stevanovic, M; Kovacevic, M [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1985-12-01

    Original meteorology measuring instrumentation dates from 1960-1961. In order to enable more efficient measurements it was indispensable to reconstruct measuring devices completely. Description of the reconstruction works and specification is included in this report. [Serbo-Croat] Prvobitna instrumentacija namenjena meteoroloskim merenjima datira iz perioda 1960-1961. Sa ciljem da se merenja usavrse bilo je neophodno rekonstruisati celokupnu mernu opremu. Opis rekonstrukcije i specifikacija opreme sadrzani su u ovom izvestaju.

  13. A Shared Burden: The Military and Civilian Consequences of Army Pain Management Since 2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    are derived from the opi- um poppy.2 Opioids also include synthetic pharmaceuticals prescribed to manage pain, which operate on the central nervous...soldiers choosing to begin taking opioids from a lack of discipline. 3 While illegal recreational drugs such as marijuana or cocaine historically have been...Army soldiers during the Vietnam War used marijuana , and 45% tried narcotics (34% used heroin; 38% used opium.)41 The post-Vietnam Army was ill

  14. Bivariate Probit Models for Analysing how “Knowledge” Affects Innovation and Performance in Small and Medium Sized Firms

    OpenAIRE

    FARACE, Salvatore; MAZZOTTA, Fernanda

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the determinants of innovation and its effects on small- and medium-sized firms We use the data from the OPIS databank, which provides a survey on a representative sample of firms from a province of the Southern Italy. We want to study whether small and medium sized firms can have a competitive advantage using their innovative capabilities, regardless of their sectoral and size limits. The main factor influencing the likelihood of innovation is knowledge, which is acquired...

  15. Phosphorylated Derivatives of Alkaloids and Nitrogen-containing Heterocycles — Cholinesterase Inhibitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadykov, Abid S.; Dalimov, D. N.; Godovikov, Nikolai N.

    1983-10-01

    The review deals with the synthesis and anticholinesterase activities of phosphorylated derivatives of certain alkaloids and nitrogen-containing heterocycles. It is shown that the conformational properties of the alkaloid and nitrogen-containing heterocycle residues in the composition of the organophosphorus inhibitor (OPI) molecule play an important role in the inhibition of the catalytic activity of cholinesterases. The type of inhibition of cholinesterases also varies as a function of chemical structure. The bibliography includes 45 references.

  16. Airland Battle Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-01

    Professional Paper 463 / September 1988 OTIC - EL cOPY V 0- 00 00 N Airland Battle Doctrine DTIC S ELECTE DEC 2 81988D Douglas W. Skinner Dcb A...missiles to ground targets. Initial deployment will be on the Army’s OV-i Bronco and the Air Force’s TR-l and C-18. This is another outgrowth of the

  17. Zavedanje pomembnosti vertikalnega komuniciranja med nadrejenimi in podrejenimi v podjetju in vpliv na (ne) uspeh podjetja

    OpenAIRE

    Bezjak, Mojca

    2017-01-01

    Vertikalno komuniciranje je dvosmerno komuniciranje - povraten proces.Predstavimo vertikalno komuniciranje med nadrejenimi in podrejenimi v podjetju in vpliv na uspeh podjetja.Predstavitev različnih vrst komuniciranja, vplivov komuniciranja na človeka. Opišemo povezanost vertikalnega komuniciranja,medsebojnih odnosov in uspeh podjetja. V empiričnem delu diplomskega projekta z odgovori na vprašanja, ki se navezujejo na vertikalno komuniciranje in medsebojne odnose med nadrejenimi in podrejenim...

  18. APPLICA TION OF OPTICAL LOGIC GATES Avireni Srinivasulu, L ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Figure 1 shows the circuit diagram of optical NOT with light input OPi. The light dependent resistor. LDR is connected in series to UJT emitter and the power supply +1.8V to the base B2 through a pair ... LDR2 are connected in parallel to the UJT emitter terminal. Optical output OPo of NOR occurs only when both the inputs ...

  19. Coverage of Continuous Regions in Euclidean Space Using Homogeneous Resources with Application to the Allocation of the Phased Array Radar Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    centered at OPi with radius β. Let δ ∗ be the coverage level of the entire polygon P , AP be the area of polygon P , APi be the area of sub-polygon...30 1104 512 1120 992 512 297 1.72 40 600 512 480 544 480 167 2.87 80 158 128 120 136 120 42 2.86 120 70 32 70 62 32 19 1.68 160 38 32 30 34 30 11

  20. Enantioselective preparation of 1,3-dithiane 1-oxides by asymmetric oxidation of 1,3-dithianes bearing a chiral auxiliary

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshihiko, Watanabe; Yojiro, Ono; Shigefumi, Hayashi; Yoshio, Ueno; Takeshi, Toru

    1996-01-01

    Oxidation of 1,3-dithianes bearing a chiral auxiliary derived from (+) or (-)-camphor or diacetone D-(+)-glucose by the Sharpless reagent [Ti(OPi)4-diethyl L-(+)- or D-(-)-tartrate-ButOOH] affords, with high stereoselectivity, the monosulfoxides in good to excellent yields. Removal of the chiral auxiliary by base-catalysed hydrolysis yields (R)- and (S)-1,3-dithiane 1-oxides in high yields.

  1. Core Operations of the Metals and Ceramics Information Center (A DoD information Analysis Center)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-30

    1214 Hy-Tuf Steel 12 Sep 4208 Wassaloy? 36 Dec 1215 Nitralloy 135 Mod 8 Dec 4310 Haynes Alloy 188 40 1987 Mar 1203 4140 Sterl 34 Mar 1601 A-286 Steel 37...BE /Ej*Az5 pofj.’t FRACT UjPE CATA FOR AISI 521 ,O ALLCY STEEL r-L’I1 AFS. 6 L Pesconm C OPY OF SELECTED DATA FAxED ,-T LCCP"EED 1MILES A AE OPol.es

  2. Operator interface programs for KSTAR operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Sangil; Park, Mikyung; Park, Jinseop; Na, Hoonkyun; Kwon, M.

    2013-01-01

    Beginning the first plasma discharging experiment of KSTAR since 2008, KSTAR performed the third plasma discharging experiment by 2010. During the experiment of three times, KSTAR OPerator Interface (OPI) programs have been developed for KSTAR operation by itself. OPI programs used in KSTAR were implemented by KSTAR widget plug-in Toolkit (KWT). The KWT means the plug-in library implemented by Qt-based user interface development software. The main purpose of developing the KWT library is to implement full automation libraries having interface with the automated EPICS channel access (CA) guaranteeing the flexibility for requirements of operators. In addition, it has advantages in minimizing human code error and maximizing utilization of the limited human resource. According to the increasing of control systems, a number of OPI servers connected to one EPICS gateway server caused the connection problem and increased the amount of the network data packets. To solve these problems, an algorithm of “CachedChannelAccess” for shared memory base was implemented into an inner logic of the KWT library. KSTAR control system monitoring (CSM) program is one of applications developed by using KWT library. The function of CSM program is to notify alarm to operators by checking health status of every server's network health status and resource (cpu, memory, network packets, disk usage rate and system/user defined process) usage state. Another application is a post-shot sequencing program which is activated after every shot is completed. This application is to display major plasma parameters and diagnostic data in chart form, to save this data to database, and to transfer a chart image file to a web server. This paper describes the technical details how to develop OPI applications which have high productivity using Qt on the EPICS-based control system

  3. Aircraft Alerting Systems Criteria Study. Volume 1. Collation and Analysis of Aircraft Alerting Systems Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-05-01

    ott the.747-Vas opi the 7,37 beca’ws the � has foiiy paralkA.hydrauliu syst~et~s,’wfiereas %the 737 has only two patallel systems. is hefalue f wo...8217.. . -" "" - - - - - OLICTRICAL 2 2 13 2 10 1 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT 1 1 1 1 - - , PIM PROTECTION 1 3 2 g 2 FLIGHT CONTROLS 2 2F,3 6 2 PLIGHT INITRUMINTATION a 2 a 4 1 1 1

  4. Perspektywa interesariuszy w ujeciu historycznym

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neave, Guy

    2003-01-01

    Przedmiotem artykułu jest analiza zjawiska pojawienia się w systemach szkolnictwa wyższego „społeczeństwa interesariuszy” (ang. stakeholders society), a także opis różnych ujęć problemu oraz przyczyn powstawania tych różnic. Zdaniem autora w definicji pojęcia „interesariusz”.w odniesieniu do

  5. De l'importance des orbites periodiques: Detection et applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyon, Bernard

    L'ensemble des Orbites Periodiques Instables (OPIs) d'un systeme chaotique est intimement relie a ses proprietes dynamiques. A partir de l'ensemble (en principe infini) d'OPIs cachees dans l'espace des phases, on peut obtenir des quantites dynamiques importantes telles les exposants de Lyapunov, la mesure invariante, l'entropie topologique et la dimension fractale. En chaos quantique (i.e. l'etude de systemes quantiques qui ont un equivalent chaotique dans la limite classique), ces memes OPIs permettent de faire le pont entre le comportement classique et quantique de systemes non-integrables. La localisation de ces cycles fondamentaux est un probleme complexe. Cette these aborde dans un premier temps le probleme de la detection des OPIs dans les systemes chaotiques. Une etude comparative de deux algorithmes recents est presentee. Nous approfondissons ces deux methodes afin de les utiliser sur differents systemes dont des flots continus dissipatifs et conservatifs. Une analyse du taux de convergence des algorithmes est aussi realisee afin de degager les forces et les limites de ces schemes numeriques. Les methodes de detection que nous utilisons reposent sur une transformation particuliere de la dynamique initiale. Cette astuce nous a inspire une methode alternative pour cibler et stabiliser une orbite periodique quelconque dans un systeme chaotique. Le ciblage est en general combine aux methodes de controle pour stabiliser rapidement un cycle donne. En general, il faut connaitre la position et la stabilite du cycle en question. La nouvelle methode de ciblage que nous presentons ne demande pas de connaitre a priori la position et la stabilite des orbites periodiques. Elle pourrait etre un outil complementaire aux methodes de ciblage et de controle actuelles.

  6. Operator interface programs for KSTAR operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sangil, E-mail: leesi@nfri.re.kr; Park, Mikyung, E-mail: mkpark@nfri.re.kr; Park, Jinseop, E-mail: linupark@nfri.re.kr; Na, Hoonkyun, E-mail: hkna@nfri.re.kr; Kwon, M., E-mail: kwonm@nfri.re.kr

    2013-11-15

    Beginning the first plasma discharging experiment of KSTAR since 2008, KSTAR performed the third plasma discharging experiment by 2010. During the experiment of three times, KSTAR OPerator Interface (OPI) programs have been developed for KSTAR operation by itself. OPI programs used in KSTAR were implemented by KSTAR widget plug-in Toolkit (KWT). The KWT means the plug-in library implemented by Qt-based user interface development software. The main purpose of developing the KWT library is to implement full automation libraries having interface with the automated EPICS channel access (CA) guaranteeing the flexibility for requirements of operators. In addition, it has advantages in minimizing human code error and maximizing utilization of the limited human resource. According to the increasing of control systems, a number of OPI servers connected to one EPICS gateway server caused the connection problem and increased the amount of the network data packets. To solve these problems, an algorithm of “CachedChannelAccess” for shared memory base was implemented into an inner logic of the KWT library. KSTAR control system monitoring (CSM) program is one of applications developed by using KWT library. The function of CSM program is to notify alarm to operators by checking health status of every server's network health status and resource (cpu, memory, network packets, disk usage rate and system/user defined process) usage state. Another application is a post-shot sequencing program which is activated after every shot is completed. This application is to display major plasma parameters and diagnostic data in chart form, to save this data to database, and to transfer a chart image file to a web server. This paper describes the technical details how to develop OPI applications which have high productivity using Qt on the EPICS-based control system.

  7. Międzyrzecki Rejon Umocniony – w oczekiwaniu na adaptacje i modernizacje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartosz Michalak

    2018-04-01

    W artykule przedstawiono historię oraz opis kompleksu a także propozycje adaptacji schronów na nowe cele. Istnieje kilka koncepcji a realizacja tych planów byłaby cenną inicjatywą związaną z ochroną tego wyjątkowego obszaru i znajdujących się na nim obiektów inżynierskich.

  8. Przykład utraty stateczności ściany frontowej pozostawionej po rozebraniu kamienicy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Laskowski

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available W artykule przedstawiono opis ściany frontowej budynku pozostawionej po jego rozbiórce. Prowizoryczne zabezpieczenie tej ściany oraz wpływ czynników zewnętrznych, w tym geologicznych, przyczyniły się do utraty przez tę ścianę stateczności, co przy braku jakichkolwiek skutecznych zabezpieczeń może doprowadzić do katastrofy budowlanej.

  9. Comparative study between 2 methods of mounting models in semiadjustable articulator for orthognathic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayrink, Gabriela; Sawazaki, Renato; Asprino, Luciana; de Moraes, Márcio; Fernandes Moreira, Roger William

    2011-11-01

    Compare the traditional method of mounting dental casts on a semiadjustable articulator and the new method suggested by Wolford and Galiano, 1 analyzing the inclination of maxillary occlusal plane in relation to FHP. Two casts of 10 patients were obtained. One of them was used for mounting of models on a traditional articulator, by using a face bow transfer system and the other one was used to mounting models at Occlusal Plane Indicator platform (OPI), using the SAM articulator. After that, na analysis of the accuracy of mounting models was performed. The angle made by de occlusal plane and FHP on the cephalogram should be equal the angle between the occlusal plane and the upper member of the articulator. The measures were tabulated in Microsoft Excell(®) and calculated using a 1-way analysis variance. Statistically, the results did not reveal significant differences among the measures. OPI and face bow presents similar results but more studies are needed to verify its accuracy relative to the maxillary cant in OPI or develop new techniques able to solve the disadvantages of each technique. Copyright © 2011 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Gabapentina a dosis de 300 vs. 450 mg como premedicación anestésica para hipertensión reactiva, ansiedad y analgesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rascón-Martínez, Dulce María; Guzmán-Sánchez, Joaquín Antonio; Corral-Urdapilleta, Nora Paulina; Arguelles-Uribe, Gema Damaris; Velázquez-Loeza, Jazmín; Soto-Palma, Gustavo; Carrillo-Torres, Orlando

    2018-01-01

    Observar el comportamiento de la gabapentina para aminorar la hipertensión reactiva secundaria a ansiedad y dolor en pacientes sometidos a cirugía oftálmica, así como el consumo de opiáceos entre los grupos. Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado y doble ciego que analizó a 125 pacientes divididos en tres grupos: grupo A, gabapentina 300 mg; grupo B, gabapentina 450 mg; grupo C, amaranto en grageas como control 2 horas antes del procedimiento quirúrgico. Se utilizó la prueba de ji al cuadrado para variables sociodemográficas y ANOVA de un factor para variables numéricas continuas. Se consideró como significativo un valor de p consumo de opiáceos en los grupos que usaron gabapentina. La gabapentina por vía oral, 300 o 450 mg, 2 horas antes de la cirugía, reduce el dolor, la ansiedad y el consumo de opiáceos durante el posoperatorio en pacientes sometidos a cirugía oftalmológica. Copyright: © 2018 SecretarÍa de Salud

  11. Development of wide area environment accelerator operation and diagnostics method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchiyama, Akito; Furukawa, Kazuro

    2015-08-01

    Remote operation and diagnostic systems for particle accelerators have been developed for beam operation and maintenance in various situations. Even though fully remote experiments are not necessary, the remote diagnosis and maintenance of the accelerator is required. Considering remote-operation operator interfaces (OPIs), the use of standard protocols such as the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) is advantageous, because system-dependent protocols are unnecessary between the remote client and the on-site server. Here, we have developed a client system based on WebSocket, which is a new protocol provided by the Internet Engineering Task Force for Web-based systems, as a next-generation Web-based OPI using the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System Channel Access protocol. As a result of this implementation, WebSocket-based client systems have become available for remote operation. Also, as regards practical application, the remote operation of an accelerator via a wide area network (WAN) faces a number of challenges, e.g., the accelerator has both experimental device and radiation generator characteristics. Any error in remote control system operation could result in an immediate breakdown. Therefore, we propose the implementation of an operator intervention system for remote accelerator diagnostics and support that can obviate any differences between the local control room and remote locations. Here, remote-operation Web-based OPIs, which resolve security issues, are developed.

  12. Development of wide area environment accelerator operation and diagnostics method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akito Uchiyama

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Remote operation and diagnostic systems for particle accelerators have been developed for beam operation and maintenance in various situations. Even though fully remote experiments are not necessary, the remote diagnosis and maintenance of the accelerator is required. Considering remote-operation operator interfaces (OPIs, the use of standard protocols such as the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP is advantageous, because system-dependent protocols are unnecessary between the remote client and the on-site server. Here, we have developed a client system based on WebSocket, which is a new protocol provided by the Internet Engineering Task Force for Web-based systems, as a next-generation Web-based OPI using the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System Channel Access protocol. As a result of this implementation, WebSocket-based client systems have become available for remote operation. Also, as regards practical application, the remote operation of an accelerator via a wide area network (WAN faces a number of challenges, e.g., the accelerator has both experimental device and radiation generator characteristics. Any error in remote control system operation could result in an immediate breakdown. Therefore, we propose the implementation of an operator intervention system for remote accelerator diagnostics and support that can obviate any differences between the local control room and remote locations. Here, remote-operation Web-based OPIs, which resolve security issues, are developed.

  13. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and optical polarization imaging of in-vivo biological tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora-Núñez, A.; Castillejos, Y.; García-Torales, G.; Martínez-Ponce, G.

    2013-11-01

    A number of optical techniques have been reported in the scientific literature as accomplishable methodologies to diagnose diseases in biological tissue, for instance, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and optical polarization imaging (OPI). The skin is the largest organ in the body and consists of three primary layers, namely, the epidermis (the outermost layer exposed to the world), the dermis, and the hypodermis. The epidermis changes from to site to site, mainly because of difference in hydration. A lower water content increase light scattering and reduce the penetration depth of radiation. In this work, two hairless mice have been selected to evaluate their skin features by using DRS and OPI. Four areas of the specimen body were chosen to realize the comparison: back, abdomen, tail, and head. From DRS, it was possible to distinguish the skin nature because of different blood irrigation at dermis. In the other hand, OPI shows pseudo-depolarizing regions in the measured Mueller images related to a spatially varying propagation of the scattered light. This provides information about the cell size in the irradiated skin.

  14. Acute Organophosphate Poisonings: Therapeutic Dilemmas and New Potential Therapeutic Agents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vucinic, S.; Jovanovic, D.; Vucinic, Z.; Todorovic, V.; Segrt, Z.

    2007-01-01

    It has been six decades since synthesis of organophosphates, but this chapter has not yet come to a closure. Toxic effects of organophosphates are well known and the current therapeutic scheme includes supportive therapy and antidotes. There is a dilemma on whether and when to apply gastric lavage and activated charcoal. According to Position Statement (by EAPCCT) it should be applied only if the patient presents within one hour of ingestion, with potentially lethal ingested dose. Atropine, a competitive antagonist of acetylcholine at m-receptors, which antagonizes bronchosecretion and bronchoconstriction, is the corner stone of acute organophosphate poisoning therapy. There were many attempts to find a more efficient drug, including glycopyrrolate which has been used even in clinical trials, but it still can not replace atropine. The only dilemma about atropine usage which still exists, concerns usage of high atropine dose and scheme of application. The most efficient atropinization is achieved with bolus doses of 1-2mg of atropine i.v push, with repeating the dose on each 5 minutes until signs of atropinization are registered. Diazepam, with its GABA stabilizing effect, reduces central nervous system damage and central respiratory weakness. Oximes reactivate phosphorylated acetylcholinesterase, which still has not gone ageing, reducing acetylcholine concentration and cholinergic crisis. These effects are clearly demonstrated in experimental conditions, but the clinical significance of oximes is still unclear and there are still those who question oxime therapy. For those who approve it, oxime dosage, duration of therapy, the choice of oxime for certain OP is still an open issue. We need new, more efficient antidotes, and those that are in use are only the small part of the therapy which could be used. Experimental studies show favorable therapeutic effect of many agents, but none of them has been introduced in standard treatment of OPI poisoning in the last 30

  15. Erste Erfahrungen mit RDA an wissenschaftlichen Universalbibliotheken in Deutschland - Ergebnisse aus Fokusgruppengesprächen mit Katalogisierenden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidrun Wiesenmüller

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Einige Monate nach dem Umstieg auf das neue Regelwerk "Resource Description and Access" (RDA wurden an 18 großen deutschen wissenschaftlichen Universalbibliotheken Fokusgruppengespräche mit Katalogisierererinnen und Katalogisierern durchgeführt. Die Katalogisierenden wurden u.a. befragt, wie sicher sie sich bei der Anwendung von RDA fühlen, was sie am neuen Regelwerk gut oder schlecht finden, wie sie den Aufwand im Vergleich zum früheren Regelwerk RAK einschätzen, welche Informations- und Hilfsmittel sie verwenden und wie sie zu den regelmäßigen Änderungen im Standard stehen. Der vorliegende Aufsatz dokumentiert die Ergebnisse der Gespräche.   Several months after the introduction of the new cataloging standard "Resource Description and Access" (RDA, focus-group interviews with catalogers were conducted at 18 large academic and state libraries in Germany. Among other things, the catalogers were asked how confident they feel in applying RDA, which aspects of the new cataloging code they like or do not like, how they estimate the expenditure of time in comparison to the former cataloging code RAK, which sources they use to get help or information, and what they think about the frequent changes to the new standard. The paper presents the results of these interviews.

  16. Korzyści karmienia piersią dla matki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Gibas-Dorna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Powszechnie wiadomo, że karmienie piersią pozytywnie wpływa na zdrowie dziecka oraz jego rozwój intelek‑ tualny. światowa Organizacja Zdrowia (World Health Organization, WHO zaleca rozpoczęcie karmienia piersią od pierwszej godziny po porodzie i jego kontynuację przez okres co najmniej 6 miesięcy, a w miarę urozmaicania diety dziecka rekomenduje utrzymanie tego sposobu żywienia mniej więcej do 2. roku życia, traktując mleko matki jako najlepszy jakościowo pokarm uzupełniający. Coraz częściej podkreśla się protek‑ cyjną rolę karmienia naturalnego w rozwoju różnych chorób u matek oraz potencjalne skutki unikania prze‑ dłużonej laktacji. Wydaje się, że korzyści dla matki mają charakter wczesny (podczas połogu oraz długofa‑ lowy. Tuż po porodzie karmienie piersią przyspiesza obkurczanie macicy, zapobiega nadmiernej utracie krwi, chroni przed niedokrwistością z niedoboru żelaza, przeciwdziała wystąpieniu depresji poporodowej, umacnia więź matka – dziecko oraz poprawia zaburzoną w tym okresie jakość snu. Korzyści długofalowe wiążą się z obniżeniem ryzyka wystąpienia niektórych chorób nowotworowych (rak sutka, rak endometrium, rak jajni‑ ka, chorób sercowo‑naczyniowych (choroba niedokrwienna serca, nadciśnienie tętnicze, zaburzeń metabo‑ licznych (cukrzyca, nietolerancja glukozy, otyłość, hiperlipidemia, hiperinsulinemia, reumatoidalnego zapa‑ lenia stawów czy osteoporozy. Przedłużenie okresu laktacji i karmienia piersią ma również wymierną korzyść ekonomiczną i stanowi darmową naturalną antykoncepcję. Poniższa praca podsumowuje aktualny stan wie‑ dzy na temat wpływu karmienia piersią na zdrowie matek karmiących.

  17. Rapid Epidemiological Assessment of Onchocerciasis in a Tropical Semi-Urban Community, Enugu State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JE Eyo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was carried out in Opi-Agu a tropical semi-urban autonomous community comprising of three villages in Enugu State, Nigeria, between the months of April and June 2010. It was designed to determine the prevalence of Onchocerca volvulus infection and assess the perception of the disease among the inhabitants of this community.Methods: A total number of 305 individuals comprising of 148 males and 157 females were ex­amined for various manifestations of onchocerciasis symptoms using rapid epidemiological assess­ment (REA method.Results: Out of this number, 119 (39.02% individuals were infected. Prevalence of infection among age groups and villages varied. Age group 41 yr and above had the highest (31.00% prevalence, while among the villages, Ogbozalla village ranked higher (45.71% than the other villages. Overall the prevalence of infection among the sexes revealed that males were more infected (43.24% than the females (35.03%. Lichenified onchodermatitis (LOD was the most prevalent (35.29% onchocercia­sis symptom among others identified in the area, while leopard skin (LS had the lowest (20.17% occurrence and blindness (0.00% which is the most devastating effect of O. volvulus infec­tion was not observed. Questionnaire responses from 410 individuals revealed that 34.8% respon­dent from Idi village and 28.1% from Ibeku village believed that O. volvulus infection occurs through poor personal hygiene. Bite of blackfly ranked least (10.6% among the respondent’s knowledge of the causes of onchocerciasis in Opi-Agu community.Conclusion: Opi-Agu community members had poor knowledge of onchocerciasis, the vector and of its etiologic organism. There is need for integration of community health education with mass chemo­therapy

  18. Developement of a large proton accelerator for innovative researches; development of low energy high current beam transport system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, In Soo; Namkung, Won; Cho, M. H.; Kim, K. N.; Kim, J. H.; Bae, Y. S.; Kim, Y.; Kim, K. H.; Shim, K. Y. [Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang (Korea)

    2001-04-01

    We have designed the beam transport system to connect the ion source and the RFQ. In this design, we have finalized the positions of solenoids and various beam diagnostic device. We have finalize the physical and mechanical designs of solenoids, and these designs are already adopted to produce the actual solenoids. We have also studied about EPICS, Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System, to control a stepper motor as a tuner of the RFQ designed for KOMACEPICS is a real time control system for a large scale system such as accelerators and tokamaks. The purpose of this thesis is to establish a test system based on the EPICS. A Sun UtraSPARC 5 workstation is used as the Operator Interface(OPI) console, and a VME chassis contained a Motorola MVME162 single board computer is used as the Input/Output Controller(IOC). A stepper motor controller is connected to the IOC via an RS-232C as a field bus. The EPICS base, extensions, and the real time OS vxWorks are installed on the workstation. The real time OS image can be downloaded to the IOC via the FTP when the test station is started. We have installed an IOC application as a device and driver support layer for the serial communication with an RS-232C on the workstation. We have designed the IOC database configuration files and a graphic user interface style OPI panel which was programmed by the MEDM. With this OPI, we can control the stepper motor using EPICS. 17 refs., 33 figs., 9 tabs. (Author)

  19. Pobreza, movimiento social y mujer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Patiño Tovar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Los movimientos sociales en Puebla se han nutrido ampliamente de la participación de las mujeres; sobre todo, cuando hablamos de las organizaciones populares independientes (OPI. Su participación ha mantenido vivas a muchas organizaciones que de otra manera habrían desaparecido ya, pues no sólo participan en las tareas cotidianas de la organización sino, también, son las primeras en dar la cara cuando hay enfrentamientos con el gobierno y sus organizaciones corporativas, en donde han repelido agresiones incluso violentas. Sin embargo, a pesar de que las OPI se compongan en 90% por mujeres, sus líderes son hombres y ellas son base, no dirigencia. El machismo se mantiene en la mentalidad de ellos… y de ellas, que aceptan que sean los hombres quienes tomen las riendas, porque ellas se sienten inseguras para encabezar a la organización y, además, las tareas del hogar tampoco se los permiten. La lucha de la mujer por sus derechos ha tenido un fuerte impacto internacional, pero tal parece que en las OPI de Puebla este proceso no ha logrado penetrar lo suficiente como para romper los propios límites que se ha impuesto la mujer por una larga tradición que la atrapa en su papel de esposa y ama de casa. En este artículo nos interesa explorar las razones por las que la participación en los movimientos sociales ha permitido que la mujer comprenda su situación, pero no la ha inducido a modificarla.

  20. Effect of Hartha and Najibia power plants on water quality indices of Shatt Al-Arab River, south of Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Aboodi, Ali H.; Abbas, Sarmad A.; Ibrahim, Husham T.

    2018-05-01

    The main object of this research is to assess the water quality of Shatt Al-Arab River and its suitability for various purposes near power plants (Hartha and Najibia) through physical and chemical analysis [temperature, pH, EC, Cl-, Na+, K+, Ca+2, Mg+2, HCO3 -, NO3 -, SO 4 -2 , Fe+, total alkalinity, total hardness, biological oxygen demand (BOD5), NH4 +, and NO2 -] using water quality index (WQI), organic pollution index (OPI), sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), and percentage of sodium ion (Na%) during the dry season (August, 2016) and the wet season (January, 2017). WQI of Shatt Al-Arab falls under very poor quality during summer season, while it ranges from very poor quality to unsuitable for drinking purposes during winter season. There is a clear effect of power plants on water quality. Hartha and Najibia power plants contribute to the deterioration of water quality by increasing the percentage ratio of WQI near these plants by 13.22 and 9.69%, respectively, compared to the north sites of these plants during summer season. The percentage ratios of increased WQI near Hartha and Najibia power plants compared to the north sites of these plants are 17.93 and 15.92%, respectively, during winter season. Water quality of Shatt Al-Arab falls under a high level of organic pollution during the summer and winter seasons. There is a slight effect by the power plants on the OPI. Hartha and Najibia power plants contributed to the change of the OPI by 10% compared to the north site of Hartha power plant. According to the comparison between the SAR values which represent the suitability of water for serve irrigation purposes and SAR values of Shatt Al-Arab, all sites lie in the first class (excellent). According to Na+%, the type of surface water in the studied area lies in good class during winter season and permissible class during summer season.

  1. Survival prediction algorithms miss significant opportunities for improvement if used for case selection in trauma quality improvement programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heim, Catherine; Cole, Elaine; West, Anita; Tai, Nigel; Brohi, Karim

    2016-09-01

    Quality improvement (QI) programs have shown to reduce preventable mortality in trauma care. Detailed review of all trauma deaths is a time and resource consuming process and calculated probability of survival (Ps) has been proposed as audit filter. Review is limited on deaths that were 'expected to survive'. However no Ps-based algorithm has been validated and no study has examined elements of preventability associated with deaths classified as 'expected'. The objective of this study was to examine whether trauma performance review can be streamlined using existing mortality prediction tools without missing important areas for improvement. We conducted a retrospective study of all trauma deaths reviewed by our trauma QI program. Deaths were classified into non-preventable, possibly preventable, probably preventable or preventable. Opportunities for improvement (OPIs) involve failure in the process of care and were classified into clinical and system deviations from standards of care. TRISS and PS were used for calculation of probability of survival. Peer-review charts were reviewed by a single investigator. Over 8 years, 626 patients were included. One third showed elements of preventability and 4% were preventable. Preventability occurred across the entire range of the calculated Ps band. Limiting review to unexpected deaths would have missed over 50% of all preventability issues and a third of preventable deaths. 37% of patients showed opportunities for improvement (OPIs). Neither TRISS nor PS allowed for reliable identification of OPIs and limiting peer-review to patients with unexpected deaths would have missed close to 60% of all issues in care. TRISS and PS fail to identify a significant proportion of avoidable deaths and miss important opportunities for process and system improvement. Based on this, all trauma deaths should be subjected to expert panel review in order to aim at a maximal output of performance improvement programs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier

  2. EPICS channel access using websocket

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uchiyama, A.; Furukawa, K.; Higurashi, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Web technology is useful as a means of widely disseminating accelerator and beam status information. For this purpose, WebOPI was implemented by SNS as a web-based system using Ajax (asynchronous JavaScript and XML) with EPICS. On the other hand, it is often necessary to control the accelerator from different locations as well as the central control room during beam operation and maintenance. However, it is not realistic to replace the GUI-based operator interface (OPI) with a Web-based system using Ajax technology because of interactive performance issue. Therefore, as a next generation OPI over the web using EPICS Channel Access (CA), we developed a client system based on WebSocket, which is a new protocol provided by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) for Web-based systems. WebSocket is a web technology that provides bidirectional, full-duplex communication channels over a single TCP connection. By utilizing Node.js and the WebSocket access library called Socket.IO, a WebSocket server was implemented. Node.js is a server-side JavaScript language built on the Google V8 JavaScript Engine. In order to construct the WebSocket server as an EPICS CA client, an add-on for Node.js was developed in C/C++ using the EPICS CA library, which is included in the EPICS base. As a result, for accelerator operation, Web-based client systems became available not only in the central control room but also with various types of equipment. (author)

  3. The effects of different pre-game motivational interventions on athlete free hormonal state and subsequent performance in professional rugby union matches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Christian J; Crewther, Blair T

    2012-07-16

    We examined the effect of different pre-match motivational interventions on athlete free testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) concentrations and subsequent match performance in professional rugby union. Male participants (n=12) playing at a senior or academy level in rugby union were recruited and each completed three interventions (15 min each) before a competitive game; 1) watching a video clip of successful skill execution by the player with positive coach feedback [VPCF1]; 2) watching a video clip of successful skill execution by an opposing player with cautionary coach feedback [VCCF], 3) the player left alone to self-motivate [SM1]. The first and last interventions were retested [VPCF2 and SM2]. Salivary free T and C measures were taken pre-intervention and pre-game. Within each game, players were rated by coaching staff on a key performance indicator (KPI) from identified skills and an overall performance indicator (OPI), where 1 = best performance to 5 = worst performance. The VPCF1 and VPCF2 interventions both promoted significant T responses (11.8% to 12.5%) before each game and more so than SM1, SM2 and VCCF. The VCCF approach produced the largest C response (17.6%) and this differed from all other treatments. The VPCF interventions were also associated with better game KPI (1.5 to 1.8) and OPI ratings (1.7 to 1.8) than SM1, SM2 and/or VCCF. Across all treatments, greater individual T responses and lower C responses were associated with better KPI and OPI outcomes. In conclusion, the pre-game presentation of motivational strategies to athletes involving specific video footage and coach feedback produced different outcomes on two indicators of match performance, which were also associated with changes in free hormonal state. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Uporaba hipnoze pri preiskovanju kaznivih dejanj

    OpenAIRE

    Radić, Janja

    2016-01-01

    V svojem diplomskem delu predstavljam tehniko hipnoze kot metodo za izboljšanje spomina pri pričah in žrtvah kaznivih dejanj. Posvetim se pojmovanju in uporabi hipnoze skozi zgodovino, nato pa podam še njeno definicijo in tehnike. Poleg načina uporabe hipnoze pri preiskovanju kaznivih dejanj, predstavim tudi njene prednosti in slabosti, opišem potek hipnotiziranja ter vlogo in funkcijo hipnotizerja. V zadnjih dveh poglavjih pojasnim vpliv spomina na hipnotične informacije ter predstavim pravn...

  5. RA Reactor; Reaktor RA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-07-01

    This chapter includes the following: General description of the RA reactor, organization of work, responsibilities of leadership and operators team, regulations concerning operation and behaviour in the reactor building, regulations for performing experiments, regulations and instructions for inserting samples into experimental channels. [Serbo-Croat] Ovo (prvo) poglavlje sadrzi sledece: Opis reaktora RA; semu organizacije rada i rukovodjenja; prava i duznosti direktora i rukovodioca pogona reaktora, propise o rezimu rada i kretanja u zgradi reaktora, propise o izvodjenju eksperimenata, propise o unosenju uzoraka u eksperimentalne kanale reaktora.

  6. Command History. 1972-1973. Volume 2. Sanitized

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-07-15

    was de - ing processing Army DEROS flights, transporting veloped to handle the anticipated large number of baggage to and from the flight lines, and...VOLUME 11 B CIA IFIED CY 1 PAC F0 IG D EMN 0 EXE TED IF AMA NERA DE LASSIF A N EXEM E SY CINC CC \\’ opy ot󈨤 Cop~ies Iys BTAG pT ’’, 00- d 6,,’ 83-6 6-24...it nocoaam7 &WE Identity by black aiimiiw) Logistica , Support of RVNAF. Communications-Electronics, VNAF Support, Command Activities, The New Agencies

  7. Možnosti prihrankov električne energije pri cestni razsvetljavi, ki se prilagaja količini prometa

    OpenAIRE

    BAVČAR, JERNEJ

    2018-01-01

    V diplomskem delu sem predstavil način in predlog, kako zmanjšati stroške porabe električne energije in svetlobno onesnaževanje z javno razsvetljavo. Pri analizi podatkov sem si pomagal s programom MATLAB. Dobljene vrednosti sem nato obdelal v programskem orodju MS Excel. Na začetku najprej preletim zgodovino razvoja umetne razsvetljave in razvoja javne razsvetljave v Sloveniji in svetu. Za tem opišem veljavne zahteve glede javne razsvetljave in elemente, ki so upoštevani pri načrtovanju n...

  8. RAZVOJ APLIKACIJE ZA UPRAVLJANJE SLIK IN ALBUMOV NA MOBILNI PLATFORMI ANDROID

    OpenAIRE

    Kupnik, Domen

    2012-01-01

    V okviru diplomske naloge smo izdelali mobilno aplikacijo na operacijskem sistemu Android OS za upravljanje slik in albumov. V teoretičnem delu smo najprej predstavili že obstoječe podobne aplikacije. Nato smo se seznanili z arhitekturo operacijskega sistema Android OS in s kompletom za razvijanje aplikacij Android SDK. V nadaljevanju sledi še predstavitev lokacijskega podsistema Google Map ter podrobnejši opis uporabljenih funkcionalnosti. V praktičnem delu prikažemo implementacijo aplikacij...

  9. Povezanost socioloških in psiholoških dejavnikov z nakupnim vedenjem in vključevanjem odjemalcev, v personalizirano marketinško komunikacijsko kampanjo, Ta Coca-Cola je zate

    OpenAIRE

    Mujagić, Selvedin

    2018-01-01

    V magistrskem delu predstavljamo področje marketinga vključevanja odjemalcev, enega izmed sodobnih marketinških pristopov, ki se izvaja kot marketinška in spletna strategija za načrtovanje in upravljanje vedenja odjemalcev. Magistrsko delo je sestavljeno iz uvodnega dela, teoretične obravnave, raziskovalnega dela, predlogov menedžmentu in sklepa naloge. Uvodni del magistrske naloge se nanaša na opis področja vedenja odjemalcev, integriranega marketinškega komuniciranja in vključevalnega v...

  10. Študija uporabnosti računalniških simulacij in animacija oblačil za potrebe manjših podjetij

    OpenAIRE

    Slakonja, Andreja

    2016-01-01

    Namen diplomskega dela je bil preučiti uporabnost računalniške simulacije in animacije oblačila za potrebe manjšega podjetja, izdelati kroj, simulacijo in animacijo oblačila na virtualnem parametričnem modelu v programu Marvelous Designer 3 ter zašiti realni model oblačila in ju primerjati. Nadalje je bil namen izdelati spletno stran za modno oblikovalko Barbaro F. V uvodnem delu je opisano modno oblikovanje in konstrukcija oblačil ter predstavitev oblikovalke Barbare F. V nadaljevanju so opi...

  11. Report on works on the CEN-132 pump Avala - Annex 6; Prilog 6 - Izvestaj o radovima na pumpi CEN-132 Avala zavodski broj 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bratic, A [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1963-12-15

    This report describes in detail the action of opening and taking apart the heavy water pump CEN-132 in order to take out the rotor with damaged surfaces. Total number of 11 workers were involved each spending not more than 30 minutes in the room for safety reasons. [Serbo-Croat] Oaj izvestaj sadrzi detaljan opis postupaka prilikom otvaranja i rastavljanja delova pumpe CEN-132 sa cijlem da se izvuce rotor cije su povrsine ostecene. U radovima je ucestvovalo ukupno 11 mehanicara, koji su se zadrzavali u prostoriji pumpe do 30 minuta iz razloga sigurnosti.

  12. Supplemental Environmental Assessment for the Nuclear and Space Security Tactics Training Center Project AFSPC053012 for Air Force Security Forces at Camp Guernsey, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    8217Ŕ IPACE: lfCUNTY TACTlet lRAINIIIG CI! NT1 !IIt (NIITTC) /lllfll!tA DI!W!l.OPI&I!NT JI\\AH c co -c._ -.; Q) ~::: Ill~ +-’ ~~ ·- ~~ (f) ti li LA N...Manager WMD- CFMO 3919 Central Ave. Cheyenne, WY 82001 (307) 772-5066 (o) (307) 274-0844 ( cell ) --- - -Original Message----- From: Lloyd, Dee W Mr...772-5066 (o) (307) 274-0844 ( cell ) -----Original Message----- From: Pesenti, Cathryn M Civ USAF AFGSC 90 CES/CEV [mailto:Cathryn.Pesenti@warren

  13. Serum cortisol and blood glucose in bitches treated with tramadol and submitted to ovariohysterectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Caldeira, Fátima Maria Caetano; Oliveira, Humberto Pereira; Melo, Eliane Gonçalves; Martins, Claudia; Vieira, Marilisa Souza; Silva, Cristiano Nicomedes da

    2006-01-01

    O tramadol é um analgésico opióide usado em medicina veterinária, embora existam poucos estudos sobre este fármaco. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito analgésico promovido pela administração do tramadol, mensurando o cortisol sérico e a glicemia de cadelas. Para isso, foram utilizadas 15 fêmeas, submetidas a ovário-histerectomia sob anestesia geral com isofluorano. Os animais foram divididos em três grupos. Grupo 1 (Tep) receberam tramadol pela via epidural (1,0mg kg-1 diluído em ...

  14. Cortisol sérico e glicemia em cadelas tratadas com tramadol e submetidas à ovário-histerectomia

    OpenAIRE

    Caldeira Fátima Maria Caetano; Oliveira Humberto Pereira; Melo Eliane Gonçalves; Martins Claudia; Vieira Marilisa Souza; Silva Cristiano Nicomedes da

    2006-01-01

    O tramadol é um analgésico opióide usado em medicina veterinária, embora existam poucos estudos sobre este fármaco. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito analgésico promovido pela administração do tramadol, mensurando o cortisol sérico e a glicemia de cadelas. Para isso, foram utilizadas 15 fêmeas, submetidas a ovário-histerectomia sob anestesia geral com isofluorano. Os animais foram divididos em três grupos. Grupo 1 (Tep) receberam tramadol pela via epidural (1,0mg kg-1 diluído em ...

  15. KOMUNIKACIJA IN VIZUALNA KOMUNIKACIJA

    OpenAIRE

    Petrena, Polona

    2013-01-01

    Področja komunikacije, vizualne komunikacije in psihologije komunikacije so med seboj tesno povezana in so neizbežni dejavniki našega vsakdanjega življenja. Diplomsko delo zajema opis dejstev ter ugotovitev za našteta področja in razjasnjuje razlike med besedno in nebesedno komunikacijo ter predelavo kognitivnih sporočil. Ugotovili smo, da ljudje že od nekdaj upodabljamo svoje ideje, sporočila in da smo močno dovzetni za vse oblike komunikacije. Na naše razumevanje in dojemanje sporočil pa im...

  16. Kuuntele ja osallistu - Sosiaalinen media myynnin ja markkinoinnin tukena

    OpenAIRE

    Lönnblad, Hanna

    2010-01-01

    Sosiaalinen media on tullut jäädäkseen. Viimeisen kymmenen vuoden aikana IRC-Gallerian, Habbo Hotelin ja Facebookin kaltaiset palvelut ovat omineet itselleen kasvavan osan nykyihmisen ajankäytöstä niin töissä, kouluissa kuin vapaa-ajalla. Sosiaalisen median palveluita pidetään teinien leikkipaikkoina, mutta tosiasiassa uusi media tarjoaa rajattomasti potentiaalia myös yritystoiminnan kehittämiseen ja kasvattamiseen kaiken-kokoisille yrityksille. Virtuaalista maailmaa ei tule väheksyä. Opi...

  17. Napredni načini analize gesel in analiza lastnosti gesel slovenskih uporabnikov

    OpenAIRE

    Paulin, Primož

    2016-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi opišemo tipe gesel, njihov pomen in namene uporabe. Predstavimo načine shranjevanja gesel ter najpogostejše metode napadov na gesla. V nadaljevanju obravnavamo tehnike razbijanja gesel in za to potrebna orodja ter principe. Z izvedbo praktičnega razbijanja gesel s pomočjo mavričnih tabel predstavimo prednosti razbijanja gesel z grafično procesno enoto v primerjavi z osrednjo procesno enoto. S pomočjo vzorcev gesel slovenskih uporabnikov, zbranih v anketi, analiziramo navade...

  18. Kako močna so dejanska gesla študentov - zgodovinska analiza

    OpenAIRE

    Makari, Tadej

    2017-01-01

    V magistrskem delu opišemo zgodovino prve uporabe računalniških gesel, tipe gesel in njihove značilnosti. Predstavimo metode oblikovanja močnega gesla in načine varnega shranjevanja gesel ter osnovne tehnike napadov na gesla. S pomočjo programskega orodja Hashcat se lotimo praktičnega razbijanja študentskih gesel na podlagi tehnike napada z grobo silo in s slovarjem. Iz rezultatov razbijanja izdelamo končni seznam pridobljenih gesel, na podlagi katerega izvedemo osnovno analizo gesel, ki teme...

  19. Development of Methods for Analysis of the Cost of Enlisted Attrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-09-01

    l_J _J JZU 3 cui< x lura. V c © o zciri’O’Cccr^—tötete iTcnjcipr^fOKic^r* — ^)co«37- ctor*i—rvo-o-c- >oa5—OJKI-AJ rococo O... rococo —ru^^aun^or^ cc « O —-"•-•-•—---"-"—-"furvji\\jr\\jnjf\\jiMr\\;(Mr\\jKimr^i^rnKiKiKihnK»=TO^ 5T5»=3 ^^^ « X. B-l-35 >.«o -opi»?o» o—*^*r^r ri/> o

  20. Instructions for RA reactor decontamination - Annex 10; Prilog 10 - Uputstvo za dekontaminaciju Reaktora RA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1963-12-15

    Instructions for RA reactor decontamination includes: action plan for decontamination of the heavy water system by 7% water solution of H{sub 3}PO{sub 4} + 2% CrO{sub 3} acid; description of the preparatory work including calculation of the pipes volume and installation of special pipes; detailed instructions for decontamination procedure. [Serbo-Croat] Uputstvo za dekontaminaciju Reaktora RA sadrzi: plan operacija za dekontaminaciju sistema teske vode 7% vodenim rastvorom kiseline H{sub 3}PO{sub 4} + 2% CrO{sub 3}; opis pripremnih radova ukljucujuci proracun zapremine covovoda i montiranje posebnih cevovoda; detaljno uputstvo za izvodjenje operacija pri dekontaminaciji.

  1. Ophiuroidea das regiões antártica e subantártica: 1. sobre três espécies de Gorgonocephalidae e Ophiacanthidae Ophiuroidea from antarctic and subantarctic regions: 1. on three species of Gorgonocephalidae and Ophiacanthidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Gouveia Monteiro

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available É estudada a distribuição geográfica e a variação de caracteres morfológicos de três espécies de ofiuroides (OpiLacantha antartica, Astrotoma agassizzi e Gorgonecephalus chilensis das regiões Antártica e Subantãrtica. São também apresentadas observações sobre biologia reprodutiva.The geographical distribution and the variation of morphological characters of three (Gorgonecephalus chilensis, Astroma agassizii, Ophiacantha antartica from the Antarctic and Subantarctic regions are studied. Observations on reproductive biology are presented.

  2. APLIKACIJA ZA PRIKAZ SLEDENJA VOZIL NA OPERACIJSKEM SISTEMU iOS

    OpenAIRE

    Mlinar, Tilen

    2011-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi prikazujemo razvoj aplikacije za operacijski sistem iOS. Razvili smo aplikacijo za sledenje vozil. V teoretičnem delu se najprej seznanimo z operacijskim sistemom iOS ter njegovo arhitekturo, nato predstavimo arhitekturo aplikacij iOS. Sledi opis kompleta razvojnih orodij v iOS SDK. V nadaljevanju se seznanimo še s programskim jezikom Objective-C, lokacijsko odvisnimi storitvam, podsistemom MapKit in delovanjem aplikacije v ozadju operacijskega sistema. V praktičnem delu op...

  3. One-way data transfer for PLC to VME status reporting at the Advanced Photon Source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stein, S.J.

    1993-01-01

    The Personnel Safety System for the experimental beamlines at the Advanced Photon Source will use a large number of Allen Bradley Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) to replace conventional relay logic. PLCs allow for the design of a very advanced safety system that can handle a large number of I/O points. Certain situations Require monitoring of the safety system from various locations around the storage ring via EPICS OPI (operator interface)consoles. This presentation covers the method of choice for transferring data from the Personnel Safety System into an EPICS database. Specifics on PLC ladder design, EPICS database design, and hardware selection are also discussed

  4. Evaluación de la actividad hipotensora del Maytenus Krukovii (Chuchuhuasi) en rata consciente.

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Granara, Alberto; Milla Flores, Diana Rosa; Morales Gutiérrez, Valeria; Velarde Barrantes, Luis Fernando; Villanueva Espinoza, Alan Alexis; Segura Carrillo, Karla; Casquero Del Castillo, Diego; Vargas Pareja, Yisella; Vela Gonzáles, Yliana; Sánchez Alarcón, Vanessa; Manrique Mejia, Renán

    2008-01-01

    Maytenus krukovii (chuchuhuasi), oriunda de la amazonia sudamericana, tradicionalmente se le atribuye acción analgésica, antiinflamatoria, afrodisíaca entre otros; investigaciones reportan acción analgésica con intermediación de receptores opiáceos, efecto antipirético, antiinflamatorio y gastroprotector. El presente estudio experimental indagó acerca de la acción sobre la presión arterial y frecuencia cardiaca del chuchuhuasi en rata consciente. Se utilizaron 10 ratas albinas machos, a las q...

  5. E-KAUPPAPORTAALIN MAHDOLLISUUDET PK-YRITYKSELLE

    OpenAIRE

    Järvenpää, Juho

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena oli tutkia e-kauppaportaalin mahdollisuuksia ja hyötyjä pk-yritykselle. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tarjota pk-yrityksille tietoa, miksi e-kauppaportaalin käyttöönotto olisi varteen otettava vaihtoehto, kun yritys harkitsee verkkokaupan perustamista. Opinnäyte jakaantuu teorioiden ja tutkimusten esittelyyn ja niiden soveltamiseen pk-yrityksen hyväksi. Opinnäytetyössä käytettiin hyväksi Tieken tutkimuksia ja muita e-kauppaan liittyviä tutkimuksia ja teorioita. Opi...

  6. STILISTIKA DISKURSA KAO KONTEKSTUALIZIRANA STILISTIKA

    OpenAIRE

    Katnić-Bakaršić, Marina

    2004-01-01

    Rad posmatra diskursnu stilistiku kao kontekstualiziranu disciplinu, pri čemu kontekst podrazumijeva različite faktore (sociohistorijske, kognitivne, kulturalne i intertekstualne). U radu se proučavaju najznačajniji pristupi diskursnoj stilistici: prag,atička stilistika, konverzacijska i/ ili diskurs analiza, kognitivna stilistika, kritička stilistika, feministička stilistika. Naglašava se da je u diskursnoj stilistici analiza uvijek kombinirana sa interpretacijom, a opis je praćen objašnjenj...

  7. Future Role for Women in the Armed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-11-18

    third very dramatic change in the United States military establishment today. We feel it in the Army as a matter of urgency , and that is a very...FOR OTHER INTRAMURAL OF INTERCOLLEGIATE CONTACT SPORTS SUCH AS FOOTBALL OR LACROSSE. HOWEVER, INTRAMURAL SOCCER IS A CONTACT SPORT WHICH HAS BEEN...itttOitAJION A,-ECUI 1 . ." (IO.VN 1 SO-PA) DEPARMENT OF OEENSE Dear Colonel Dion: Enclosed in opy of my rport on my visit to the U.S. Nval Academy whichI

  8. UPORABA TEHNOLOGIJE NFC V PODPORNIH ŽIVLJENJSKIH OKOLJIH

    OpenAIRE

    Kosem, Borut

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je predstavljena brezžična tehnologija kratkega dosega NFC in njena uporaba. Namen diplomskega dela je prikazati možnost uporabe tehnologije NFC na različnih področjih v vsakdanjem življenju. Na začetku je nekaj besed namenjenih zgodovini in razvoju tehnologije NFC, na kratko je predstavljenih nekaj sorodnih brezžičnih radijskih tehnologij. Sledi opis tehnologije, radijskih signalov in signalnih vmesnikov ter delovanja naprav in značk NFC. Predstavljene so možnosti uporabe z...

  9. OPIÁCEOS: MECANISMOS DE ACCIÓN, METABOLISMO, Y RELACIÓN CON EL SÍNDROME DE ABSTINENCIA NEONATAL

    OpenAIRE

    Osorio, José Henry

    2009-01-01

    Los niños expuestos a ciertas drogas in utero, pueden resultar físicamente dependientes de estas, sufriendo después del nacimiento síntomas de abstinencia, lo que se denomina síndrome de abstinencia neonatal (NAS). Los niños con NAS presentan disfunción multisistémica, que involucra los sistemas nervioso, gastrointestinal y respiratorio. La presente revisión analiza la literatura disponible, relacionada con el consumo de opiáceos por la madre gestante y el síndrome de abstinencia neonatal. ...

  10. Lepotna tekmovanja in varstvo otrokovih pravic

    OpenAIRE

    Rajh, Špela

    2017-01-01

    Temeljno načelo Konvencije Združenih narodov o otrokovih pravicah in Zakona o zakonski zvezi in družinskih razmerjih je načelo koristi otroka, ki je osnovno vodilo za ravnanje in postopanje staršev, institucij ter državnih organov, pri vseh dejavnostih, ki zadevajo otroka. Diplomsko delo je sestavljeno iz dveh delov. Prvi zajema pojem otroka in opis otrokovih pravic. Bistvena novost, ki jo prinaša KOP, je, da priznava otrokom tudi svoboščine. Svoboščine so posebna vrsta pravic do svobode...

  11. Preprosto aktivno varovanje elektronskih naprav pred prenapetostjo zaradi udara strele z uporabo detektorja strele AS3935

    OpenAIRE

    Golob, Uroš

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu predstavljamo življenjski cikel prototipa od ideje do delujoče naprave, ki poskuša z uporabo senzorja za zaznavo strele proizvajalca AMS AS3935 Franklin Lightning Sensor preprečiti nepotrebno škodo na elektronskih napravah. V teoretičnem delu opišemo pojav strele in obstoječe rešitve na področju varovanja pred prenapetostmi. Razvoja prototipa smo se lotili po temeljitem pregledu razvojnih platform ter izbrali najprimernejšo za razvoj naprave s senzorjem za zaznavanje strel. ...

  12. A Phase Space Monitoring of Injected Beam of J-PARC MR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Toyama, Takeshi

    Beam power of J-PARC MR (30 GeV Proton Synchrotron Main Ring) has been improved since 2008 and now achieved over 200 kW for the user operation. A part of beam loss is localized at the beam injection phase so it is important to monitor the beam bunch behavior in the transverse direction. In this paper it is described the method how to measure the position and momentum for each injected beam bunch using Beam Position Monitors (BPMs). It is also mentioned some implementation of an operator's interface (OPI) to display the plots of injected and circulating beam bunches in phase space coordinate.

  13. Survey of methods for integrated sequence analysis with emphasis on man-machine interaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kahlbom, U; Holmgren, P [RELCON, Stockholm (Sweden)

    1995-05-01

    This report presents a literature study concerning recently developed monotonic methodologies in the human reliability area. The work was performed by RELCON AB on commission by NKS/RAK-1, subproject 3. The topic of subproject 3 is `Integrated Sequence Analysis with Emphasis on Man-Machine Interaction`. The purpose with the study was to compile recently developed methodologies and to propose some of these methodologies for use in the sequence analysis task. The report describes mainly non-dynamic (monotonic) methodologies. One exception is HITLINE, which is a semi-dynamic method. Reference provides a summary of approaches to dynamic analysis of man-machine-interaction, and explains the differences between monotonic and dynamic methodologies. (au) 21 refs.

  14. TÜRK BANKACILIK SEKTÖRÜNDE FİNANSAL GÜÇ DERECELERİNİN TAHMİNİNDE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI VE ÇOK DEĞİŞKENLİ İSTATİSTİKSEL ANALİZ TEKNİKLERİNİN PERFORMANSLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI

    OpenAIRE

    BOYACIOĞLU, MELEK ACAR; KARA, YAKUP

    2007-01-01

    Finansal güç derecelendirmesi (financial strength rating), bir bankanın temel finansal gücünü gösterir. Burada amaçlanan bir bankanın temel finansal gücünün dış faktörlerin değerlendirme harici bırakılması suretiyle ölçülmesidir. Dış faktörler, bankanın faaliyet çevresinden kaynaklanabileceği gibi, koruyucu nitelikteki dış destek mekanizmalarının varlığı ile de bağlantılı olabilir. Yapılan değerlendirme ile bankanın, koruyucu dış faktörlerden tamamen arındırılmış derecelendirmesi nasıl olurdu...

  15. PERANCANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI GUDANG OBAT PADA RUMAH SAKIT UMUM ISLAM MADINAH KASEMBON MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutan Mohammad Arif

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai penyedia layanan kesehatan bagi masyarakat, Rumah Sakit Umum Islam Madinah yang terletak di Kecamatan Kasembon, Kabupaten Malang, Jawa Timur perlu memanfaatkan teknologi komputer untuk mendukung kebutuhan pasien seperti obat dan alat kesehatan yang dikelola oleh pihak gudang. Lingkup kerja pada bagian gudang masih berskala kecil karenanya Microsoft Access yang merupakan aplikasi paket instalasi Microsoft Office menjadi pilihan yang tepat dan mudah, aplikasi ini juga dapat diterapkan pada komputer yang memiliki jaringan lokal. Pada penelitian ini, metode Waterfall digunakan untuk mempercepat proses pengembangan aplikasi gudang dikarenakan proses desain, implementasi hingga pengujian aplikasi berkesinambungan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi gudang yang di bangun dengan menggunakan Microsoft Access mempercepat kerja staf dalam membuat laporan, rekap stok dan melihat perubahan harga tanpa perlu harus melihat kartu stok yang tertera pada rak penyimpanan.

  16. The Importance of Human Factor in Information Centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Üstün

    2000-12-01

    Enformasyon çağında, teknoloji insanların elinden mesleğini almamış, tersine nitelikli, yetenekli ve beceri sahibi insanları gerektirmiştir. Bu dönem­de “insan” öğesini ön plana çıkaran, insanı iç yapısı ile birlikte bir bütün ola­rak ele alan yaklaşımlara ve yönetim biçimlerine önem verilmeye başlanmış­tır. Çalışanlardan daha iyi sonuç almak, bilgi, yetenek ve kapasitelerini ve­rimli olarak kullanmalarını sağlamak için çeşitli yöntemlerden yararlanıl­maktadır.

  17. Elevated prevalence of malnutrition and malaria among school-aged children and adolescents in war-ravaged South Sudan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charchuk, Rhianna; Houston, Stan; Hawkes, Michael T

    2015-01-01

    Emerging as a sovereign state from decades of civil war, the Republic of South Sudan now faces poverty, a lack of health care infrastructure, a high burden of infectious diseases and a widespread food insecurity. School-aged children and youth, in particular, represent a high-risk demographic for malnutrition and infectious diseases. We screened 109 school-aged children and youth for nutritional status and malaria antigenaemia in Akuak Rak, South Sudan, and found a large proportion of underweight (77/109 = 73%) and prevalent malaria (44/109 = 40%). There was no significant association between malnutrition and malaria. This study represents one of the few published reports on child and youth nutritional status and malaria prevalence in South Sudan since its independence. The implementation of nutrition and malaria screening combined with evidence-based interventions in schools could help target this high burden vulnerable group.

  18. Berlin Olimpiyatları ekseninde basında Türk sporu (1936-1938)

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNGÖR, Birgül

    2009-01-01

    Olimpiyatlar her zaman kavga ve düşmanlıkların bir kenara bırakıldığı, barış, kardeşlik, dostluk duygularının ön plana çıktığı dünyanın en büyük spor organizasyonu olarak anılır. Antik çağda ilk kez Yunanistan'da gelenekselleşen Olimpiyatlar, daha sonra modern çağa ayak uydurularak her dört yılda bir, bu büyük spor şölenini organize edebilme gücüne sahip büyük...

  19. Kefir

    OpenAIRE

    Koçak, Celalettin; Gürsel, Asuman

    1981-01-01

    Kefir çok eski bir fermente süt mamülü olup, hammaddesi keçi, koyun ve inek sütüdür. %0.6-0.8 alkol içermesi nedeniyle fermente süt içkisi olarak tanınır. Günümüzde kefirin birçok hastalıklar üzerindeki iyileştirici etkisinden dolayı önemi artmıştır. Kefir üretiminde fermantasyonu sağlamak üzere kefir tanelerinden yararlanılır. Kefir taneleri sarımtırak renkte olup takriben bezelye büyüklüğündedir. Bu taneler kazein ve birbirleri ile ortaklaşa yaşayan mikroorganizmaların meydana getirdiği j...

  20. Kefir

    OpenAIRE

    Celalettin Koçak; Asuman Gürsel

    2015-01-01

    Kefir çok eski bir fermente süt mamülü olup, hammaddesi keçi, koyun ve inek sütüdür. %0.6-0.8 alkol içermesi nedeniyle fermente süt içkisi olarak tanınır. Günümüzde kefirin birçok hastalıklar üzerindeki iyileştirici etkisinden dolayı önemi artmıştır. Kefir üretiminde fermantasyonu sağlamak üzere kefir tanelerinden yararlanılır. Kefir taneleri sarımtırak renkte olup takriben bezelye büyüklüğündedir. Bu taneler kazein ve birbirleri ile ortaklaşa yaşayan mikroorganizmaların meydana getirdiği j...

    1. Kefir

      OpenAIRE

      Koçak, Celalettin; Gürsel, Asuman

      2014-01-01

      Kefir çok eski bir fermente süt mamülü olup, hammaddesi keçi, koyun ve inek sütüdür. %0.6-0.8 alkol içermesi nedeniyle fermente süt içkisi olarak tanınır. Günümüzde kefirin birçok hastalıklar üzerindeki iyileştirici etkisinden dolayı önemi artmıştır. Kefir üretiminde fermantasyonu sağlamak üzere kefir tanelerinden yararlanılır. Kefir taneleri sarımtırak renkte olup takriben bezelye büyüklüğündedir. Bu taneler kazein ve birbirleri ile ortaklaşa yaşayan mikroorganizmaların meydana getirdiği j...

    2. PENGARUH LEVEL KONSENTRAT DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP KOMPOSISI TUBUH KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yogyantara A. P. I. K. D.

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available Pengaruh level konsentrat dalam ransum telah diteliti untuk menghasilkan komposisi tubuh pada kambing peranakan etawah.Penelitianmenggunakanrancanganacakkelompok (RAK dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 kali ulangan. Keempatperlakuannyaadalah: (A konsentrat 75% +hijauan 25%; (B konsentrat 60% +hijauan 40%; (C: konsentrat 45% +hijauan 55%; dan (D: konsentrat 30% +hijauan 70%. Hijauan yang diberikan terdiri dari atasrumput raja 60% dangamal 40%. Peubah yang diamati adalah pertambahanbobot badan, protein tubuh, lemak tubuh, retensi protein, retensi lemak dan retensi energi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan sidik ragam, bila nilai rata-rata perlakuan berbeda nyata (P<0,05 akan dilanjutkan dengan Uji Duncan pada taraf 5%.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertambahan bobot badan, retensi protein, retensi lemak dan retensi energi kambing yang mendapat perlakuan A dan B nyata lebih tinggi (P<0,05 dari kambing yang mendapat perlakuan D.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa peningkatan pemberian level konsentrat dalam ransum dapat meningkatkankomposisi tubuh kambing peranakan etawah.

    3. PERUBAHAN KARAKTER KUANTITATIF MUCUNA PRURIENS GENERASI M1 PASCA IRRADIASI SINAR GAMMA CO-60

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yustinus Ulung Anggraito

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Koro benguk (Mucuna pruriens berpotensi sebagai bahan substitusi kedelai. Keragaman genetik koro benguk termasuk kategori rendah, sehingga perlu ditingkatkan keragaman genetiknya terutama pada faktor-faktor produksi. Tujuan penelitian adalah mendapatkan informasi mutasi mikro pada koro benguk generasi M1 setelah diradiasi dengan sinar gamma dari Cobalt-60. Benih koro benguk diperoleh dari Balai Pengembangan Perbenihan Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura (BP2TPH Ngipiksari, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Radiasi sinar gamma dilakukan di PAIR BATAN Pasar Jumat, Jakarta. Dosis radiasi gamma yang digunakan adalah 0; 25 Gy, 50 Gy; 100 Gy; 150 Gy, 200 Gy, dan 250 Gy. Eksperimen dilakukan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK. Parameter yang diamati adalah umur berbunga, jumlah polong, jumlah biji, berat 100 biji tanaman generasi M1. Data dianalisis menggunakan Anava, dilanjutkan dengan Uji Beda Nyata Duncan (DMRT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan dosis radiasi sinar gamma akan memperpanjang hari munculnya bunga dan berat biji, namun menurunkan jumlah polong dan jumlah biji pada tanaman generasi M1.

    4. GIS-based spatial statistical analysis of risk areas for liver flukes in Surin Province of Thailand.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Rujirakul, Ratana; Ueng-arporn, Naporn; Kaewpitoon, Soraya; Loyd, Ryan J; Kaewthani, Sarochinee; Kaewpitoon, Natthawut

      2015-01-01

      It is urgently necessary to be aware of the distribution and risk areas of liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini, for proper allocation of prevention and control measures. This study aimed to investigate the human behavior, and environmental factors influencing the distribution in Surin Province of Thailand, and to build a model using stepwise multiple regression analysis with a geographic information system (GIS) on environment and climate data. The relationship between the human behavior, attitudes (R Square=0.878, and, Adjust R Square=0.849. By GIS analysis, we found Si Narong, Sangkha, Phanom Dong Rak, Mueang Surin, Non Narai, Samrong Thap, Chumphon Buri, and Rattanaburi to have the highest distributions in Surin province. In conclusion, the combination of GIS and statistical analysis can help simulate the spatial distribution and risk areas of liver fluke, and thus may be an important tool for future planning of prevention and control measures.

    5. Review of the TMI-2 accident evaluation and vessel investigation projects

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Ladekarl Thomsen, Knud

      1998-03-01

      The results of the TMI-2 Accident Evaluation Programme and the Vessel Investigation Project have been reviewed as part of a literature study on core meltdown and in-vessel coolability. The emphasis is placed on the late phase melt progression, which is of special relevance to the NKS-sponsored RAK-2.1 project on Severe Accident Phenomenology. The body of the report comprises three main sections, The TMI-2 Accident Scenario, Core Region and Relocation Path Investigations, and Lower Head Investigations. In the final discussion, the lower head gap formation mechanism is explained in terms of thermal contraction and fracturing of the debris crust. This model seems more plausible than the MAAP model based on creep expansion of the lower head. (au) 1 tab., 33 ills., 31 refs.

    6. PRODUKSI MANISAN RAMBUTAN KERING DENGANVARIASI KONSENTRASI LARUTAN KAPUR DAN KARAKTERISTIK PENGERINGAN

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sri Hastuti

      2016-11-01

      Full Text Available Rambutan susceptible to damage due to respiration and transpiration processes thatcause huge losses to farmers and traders , even the price of rambutan to be low due to the highproduction and efficient distribution of marketing . One alternative to reduce the level ofdamage to the fruit rambutan is to make candied dried rambutan . The purpose of this study wasto determine the effect of drying characteristics and concentration of lime solution to the watercontent , texture and vitamin C in the making candied dried rambutan . The method used RAK (completely randomized design with factorial . The results of this study indicate that the use oflime solution concentrations result in increased water content but had no effect on the levels ofvitamin C , hardness and resilience . While the differences in drying characteristics and theirinteraction did not affect the increase in water content , vitamin C content, hardness andresilience.

    7. Survey of methods for integrated sequence analysis with emphasis on man-machine interaction

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Kahlbom, U.; Holmgren, P.

      1995-05-01

      This report presents a literature study concerning recently developed monotonic methodologies in the human reliability area. The work was performed by RELCON AB on commission by NKS/RAK-1, subproject 3. The topic of subproject 3 is 'Integrated Sequence Analysis with Emphasis on Man-Machine Interaction'. The purpose with the study was to compile recently developed methodologies and to propose some of these methodologies for use in the sequence analysis task. The report describes mainly non-dynamic (monotonic) methodologies. One exception is HITLINE, which is a semi-dynamic method. Reference provides a summary of approaches to dynamic analysis of man-machine-interaction, and explains the differences between monotonic and dynamic methodologies. (au) 21 refs

    8. KERAGAAN PASTURA Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle Schweick PADA SISTEM PENGGEMBALAAN DAN STOCKING RATE BERBEDA DI LAHAN PERKEBUNAN KELAPA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Selvie D. Anis

      2014-12-01

      Full Text Available Integrasi pastura dan ternak sapi ke dalam sistem pertanian berbasis kelapa diharapkan dapat meningkatkan efisiensi penggunaan lahan secara berkelanjutan. Percobaan ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh stocking ratedan sistem penggembalaan terhadap keragaan pastura. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan Balai Penelitian Kelapa dan Palma Lain (BALITKA Manado sejak Juli 2009 sampai Juni 2010. Perlakuan terdiridari dua sistem penggembalaan dan tiga stocking rate diatur dalam pola petak terpisah yang didasarkan pada rancangan acak kelompok (RAK. Variabel yang diukur adalah jumlah tanaman induk, jumlah ground tiller,jumlah aerial tiller, bobot akar dan bobot crown. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa semua parameter keragaan pastura yang terbaik diperoleh pada interaksi antara sistem penggembalaan rotasi (SP2 dan stockingrate 2,31 UT (SR3.

    9. Description of the magnox type of gas cooled reactor (MAGNOX)

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Jensen, S.E.; Nonboel, E.

      1999-05-01

      The present report comprises a technical description of the MAGNOX type of reactor as it has been build in Great Britain. The Magnox reactor is gas cooled (CO 2 ) with graphite moderators. The fuels is natural uranium in metallic form, canned with a magnesium alloy called 'Magnox'. The Calder Hall Magnox plant on the Lothian coastline of Scotland, 60 km east of Edinburgh, has been chosen as the reference plant and is described in some detail. Data on the other stations are given in tables with a summary of design data. Special design features are also shortly described. Where specific data for Calder Hall Magnox has not been available, corresponding data from other Magnox plants has been used. The information presented is based on the open literature. The report is written as a part of the NKS/RAK-2 sub-project 3: 'Reactors in Nordic Surroundings', which comprises a description of nuclear power plants neighbouring the Nordic countries. (au)

    10. Wpływ bisantracykliny WP 631 na komórki raka jajnika

      OpenAIRE

      Gajek, Arkadiusz

      2016-01-01

      Rak jajnika stanowi szósty najczęściej rozpoznawany nowotwór złośliwy w populacji kobiet na świecie. Stale utrzymująca się wysoka umieralność z powodu tej choroby, będąca najwyższą wśród nowotworów żeńskich narządów płciowych związana jest niewątpliwie z brakiem metod skutecznego wczesnego rozpoznawania. W większości przypadków choroba ta wykrywana jest w zaawansowanym stadium (III, IV), kiedy rokowanie dla pacjentek jest zdecydowanie mniej korzystne w porównaniu z wczesnymi ...

    11. Reliable Multicast MAC Protocol for IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs with Extended Service Range

      Science.gov (United States)

      Choi, Woo-Yong

      2011-11-01

      In this paper, we propose the efficient reliable multicast MAC protocol by which the AP (Access Point) can transmit reliably its multicast data frames to the recipients in the AP's one-hop or two-hop transmission range. The AP uses the STAs (Stations) that are directly associated with itself as the relays for the data delivery to the remote recipients that cannot be reached directly from itself. Based on the connectivity information among the recipients, the reliable multicast MAC protocol optimizes the number of the RAK (Request for ACK) frame transmissions in a reasonable computational time. Numerical examples show that our proposed MAC protocol significantly enhances the MAC performance compared with the BMMM (Batch Mode Multicast MAC) protocol that is extended to support the recipients that are in the AP's one-hop or two-hop transmission range in IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs.

    12. Türkiye Yem Bitkileri Genetik Kaynakları

      OpenAIRE

      ÖZPINAR, Hüseyin; İNAL, Firdevs N.; AY, Ergül; ACAR, A. Alptekin; SABANCI, Cafer Olcayto

      2017-01-01

      Çok çeşitli nedenlerle erozyona uğrayan ve kaybolma tehlikesi bulunanyem bitkisi cins ve türlerinin toplanması, üretilmesi, karakterizasyonunyapılıp değerlendirilmesi ve uzun süreli muhafaza altına alınıp araştırıcılarınhizmetine sunulması önem arz etmektedir. Doğal floranın korunması, botanikkompozisyonun bozulmaması ve gelecek kuşaklara yem bitkisi bakımından zenginbir materyal kaynağının bırakılması amacıyla yapılan çalışmalar günden güneönemli ivme kazanmıştır. Ülkemizde genetik kaynaklar...

    13. Nudności i wymioty

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Anna Mokrowiecka

      2010-12-01

      Full Text Available Nudności są nieprzyjemnym, niebolesnym odczuciem silnej, nieodpartej potrzeby zwymiotowania, z kolei wymioty polegają na gwałtownym wydaleniu treści żołądka przez usta w wyniku silnych skurczów mięśni brzucha i klatki piersiowej. Nudności i wymioty mogą występować niezależnie od siebie, ale najczęściej są ze sobą powiązane. Nudności i wymioty powstają w odpowiedzi zarówno na bodźce fizjologiczne, jak i patologiczne. Zwykle jednak przewlekłe nudności i wymioty są objawem chorób przewodu pokarmowego lub innych narządów. Choroby przewodu pokarmowego i otrzewnej stanowią szeroką grupę chorób wywołujących nudności i wymioty, począwszy od nieżytu żołądkowo-jelitowego o ostrym infekcyjnym tle, przez zatrucie pokarmowe i nadwrażliwość pokarmową, do stanów ostrych – niedrożności jelita cienkiego lub/i grubego. Leki i toksyny, między innymi cytostatyki, są jedną z najczęstszych przyczyn nudności i wymiotów. Wśród innych przyczyn nudności i wymiotów można wymienić: choroby OUN prowadzące do zwiększenia ciśnienia śródczaszkowego, choroby endokrynologiczne i metaboliczne (mocznica, kwasica ketonowa w cukrzycy, choroby tarczycy i przytarczyc oraz choroba Addisona, zawał ściany dolnej mięśnia sercowego, nudności i wymioty pooperacyjne. Nudności i wymioty jako choroby czynnościowe zostały ujęte w III kryteriach rzymskich w punkcie „Choroby czynnościowe żołądka i dwunastnicy”. W diagnostyce różnicowej należy uwzględnić czas trwania wymiotów, czas pomiędzy posiłkiem a wystąpieniem wymiotów, a także charakter treści wymiocin i inne objawy towarzyszące. Wywiad i badanie fizykalne dostarczają zwykle wystarczających informacji do postawienia prawidłowej diagnozy i ustalenia leczenia u większości chorych cierpiących na nudności i wymioty. Niektórzy pacjenci wymagają jednak badań laboratoryjnych, obrazowych i endoskopowych przed zastosowaniem odpowiedniej

    14. İzmir Körfezi'nde Barbunya (Mullus barbatus, L., 1758 Balığının Üreme Özellikleri.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Gülnur Metin

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Barbunya (Mullus barbatus, İzmir Körfezi’nin en önemli demersal balık türlerinden biridir. GSI değerine göre üremenin Mayıs ayında olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Bir dişinin bir defada bıraktığı yumurta miktarının, 1923 ile 13600 adet/birey arasında değiştiği görülmüştür. Sulanmış yumurta yöntemine göre, bir defada bırakılan yumurta miktarı-total boy arasındaki ilişki; F=0,0002L6,5341, R2= 0,66 ve bir defada bırakılan yumurta miktarı- ağırlık arasındaki ilişki ise, F= 0,3504W-4,8279 R2= 0,715 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Olgunlaşmış yumurta çapları, 0,61-0,72mm ve yağ damlası çapları, 0,19-0,22 mm arasında değişim göstermektedir. İlk üreme boyu, total boy olarak dişiler için 14,2 cm ve erkekler için 12,4 cm olarak hesaplanmıştır

    15. The coordination function (SAM) of the NKS

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      1998-01-01

      NKS (Nordic Nuclear Safety Research) is a cooperative body in nuclear safety, radiation protection and emergency preparedness. Its purpose is to carry out cost-effective Nordic projects, thus producing research results, exercises, information, recommendations, manuals etc., to be used by decision makers and other concerned staff members at authorities and within the nuclear industry. The following major fields of research have been identified: reactor safety; radioactive waste; radioecology; emergency preparedness; and information issues. One project (RAK-1) is dedicated to reactor safety strategies: how to avoid serious accidents. A parallel project (RAK-2) deals with minimizing releases in case of an accident. All Nordic countries have long-lived low and medium level radioactive waste that requires final disposal. One project (AFA-1) addresses that issue. Environmental impact of radioactive releases is studied in two radioecology projects. The project on marine radioecology, including sediment research (EKO-1), encompasses sampling, analysis and modeling. These are also key issues in the project on long ecological half-lives in semi-natural systems (EKO-2). The transfer of radioactive cesium and strontium in the chains soil - vegetation - sheep and mushroom - roe deer is studied, along with freshwater systems. Long-term doses to main is the ultimate output from the obtained models. Another aspect of environmental impact is emergency preparedness. A recently started project, EKO-5, addresses the issue of early planning for cleanup operations following a fallout. 'Early' in this context means within the first three weeks. Some of the technical projects involve contacts or cooperation with countries in eastern Europe and international support programs in the region. (EG)

    16. Coolability of degraded core under reflooding conditions in Nordic boiling water reactors

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Lindholm, I; Pekkarinen, E [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland); Nilsson, L [Studsvik EcoSafe AB, Nykoeping (Sweden); Sjoevall, H [Teollisuuden Voima Oy, Olkiluoto (Finland)

      1995-09-01

      Present work is part of the first phase of subproject RAK-2.1 of the new Nordic Co-operative Reactor Safety Program, NKS. The first phase comprises reflooding calculations for the boiling water reactors (BWRs) TVO I/II in Finland and Forsmark 3 in Sweden, as a continuation of earlier severe accident analyses which were made in the SIK-2 project. The objective of the core reflooding studies is to evaluate when and how the core is still coolable with water and what are the probable consequences of water cooling. In the following phase of the RAK-2.1 project, recriticality studies will be performed. Conditions for recriticality might occur if control rods have melted away with the fuel rods intact in a shape that critical conditions can be created in reflooding with insufficiently borated water. Core coolability was investigated for two reference plants, TVO I/II and Forsmark 3. The selected accident cases were anticipated station blackout with or without successful depressurization of reactor coolant system (RCS). The effects of the recovery of emergency core cooling (ECC) were studied by varying the starting time of core reflooding. The start of ECC systems were assigned to reaching a maximum cladding temperature: 1400 K, 1600 K, 1800 K and 2000 K in the core. Cases with coolant injection through the downcomer were studied for TVO I/II and both downcomer injection and core top spray were investigated for Forsmark 3. Calculations with three different computer codes: MAAP 4, MELCOR 1.8.3 and SCDA/RELAP5/MOD 3.1 for the basis for the presented reflooding studies. Presently, and experimental programme on core reflooding phenomena has been started in Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe in QUENCH test facility. (EG) 17 refs.

    17. PENGGUNAAN MERK NILON YANG BERBEDA PADA LALANGIT (Horizontal gillnet TERHADAP HASIL TANGKAPAN IKAN BETOK (Anabas testudineus (THE USE OF MARQUE NYLON DIFFERENT ON LALANGIT (Horizontal Gillnet AGAINST THE CATCH FISH BETOK (Anabas Testudineus

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Siti Aminah

      2017-02-01

      Full Text Available Tujuan dari Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui (1 deskripsi lalat tangkap Lalangit yang biasa digunakan, (2 jumlah hasil tangkapan (catch yang diperoleh dari perbedaan beberapa merk nilon yang digunakan, (3 merk nilon yang terbaik sebagai bahan material lalangit (horizontal gillnet.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan 6 perlakuan yaitu 6 jenis merk nilon yang berbeda.  Dari hasil penelitian   diperoleh jumlah hasil tangkapan yang paling banyak pada Lalangit yang menggunakan nilon merk damyl memperoleh jumlah hasil tangkapan sebanyak 50 ekor dengan berat total 1.728 gram,karena dari segi konstruksi atau bahan materialnya lembut yang menyebabkan hasil tangkapan tidak mudah meloloskan diri dari jaring karena ke elastisitasan dan warna biru dari nilon dapat menyerupai kondisi perairan sehingga ikan mudah tertipu keadaan daerah perairan tersebut dan didapatkan hasil tangkapan yang optimal. The purpose of this research is to know (1 the description of the commonly used lalangit, (2 the amount of the catch (catch are obtained from the difference in some brands of nylon that is used, (3 brands of nylon materials as the best lalangit (horizontal gillnet. The research method used was Random Design Group (RAK with 6 treatments IE 6 types of different brands of nylon. Of research results obtained the most number of catches a lot on Lalangit using the brand damyl earn 50 catches the tail with a total weight of 1.728 gram, because in terms of construction or its material soft materials that cause the catch is not easy to escape from nets due to elastisitasan and the blue color of nylon can resemble aquatic conditions so that the gullible fish State of the waters and the obtained results the optimal catch.

    18. Fully synthetic phage-like system for screening mixtures of small molecules in live cells.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Byk, Gerardo; Partouche, Shirly; Weiss, Aryeh; Margel, Shlomo; Khandadash, Raz

      2010-05-10

      A synthetic "phage-like" system was designed for screening mixtures of small molecules in live cells. The core of the system consists of 2 mum diameter cross-linked monodispersed microspheres bearing a panel of fluorescent tags and peptides or small molecules either directly synthesized or covalently conjugated to the microspheres. The microsphere mixtures were screened for affinity to cell line PC-3 (prostate cancer model) by incubation with live cells, and as was with phage-display peptide methods, unbound microspheres were removed by repeated washings followed by total lysis of cells and analysis of the bound microspheres by flow-cytometry. Similar to phage-display peptide screening, this method can be applied even in the absence of prior information about the cellular targets of the candidate ligands, which makes the system especially interesting for selection of molecules with high affinity for desired cells, tissues, or tumors. The advantage of the proposed system is the possibility of screening synthetic non-natural peptides or small molecules that cannot be expressed and screened using phage display libraries. A library composed of small molecules synthesized by the Ugi reaction was screened, and a small molecule, Rak-2, which strongly binds to PC-3 cells was found. Rak-2 was then individually synthesized and validated in a complementary whole cell-based binding assay, as well as by live cell microscopy. This new system demonstrates that a mixture of molecules bound to subcellular sized microspheres can be screened on plated cells. Together with other methods using subcellular sized particles for cellular multiplexing, this method represents an important milestone toward high throughput screening of mixtures of small molecules in live cells and in vivo with potential applications in the fields of drug delivery and diagnostic imaging.

    19. Implementasi Kebijakan Pembiayaan Pendidikan pada Era Otonomi Daerah (Studi Kasus Implementasi Dana BOS dan BKM Pada Sekolah yang Terpilih di Kabupaten Kebumen

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Panuntun Nur Karomah

      2017-08-01

      Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui implementasi kebijakan pembiayaan pendidikan pada era otonomi daerah studi di Kabupaten Kebumen dilihat dari aspek pelaksanaan, sumber-sumber dan alokasi anggaran pendidikan. Teknik pengumpulan data yaitu observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Uji keabsahan data adalah triangulasi. Hasil penelitian ini adalah pelaksanaan BOS diimplementasikan berdasarkan RAKS dan RAPBS, dan BKM berdasarkan penjaringan dari pihak sekolah. Dana BOS bersumber dari APBN (pemerintah pusat, BKM bersumber dari APBD Kabupaten (pemerintah daerah dan sumbangan sukarela bersumber dari masyarakat. Alokasi dana BOS setiap sekolah berbeda-beda, yang mempengaruhi hal itu adalah perbedaan jenjang sekolah, banyaknya jumlah siswa yang ada di sekolah, perbedaan letak sekolah. Hal ini, karena setiap sekolah mempunyai perbedaan kebutuhan operasional sekolah dan kegiatan-kegiatan yang dilakukan sekolah. Sumbangan sukarela untuk memenuhi kekurangan biaya yang diperlukan sekolah. Alokasi dana BKM tepat sasaran, namun waktu alokasi pencairannya kurang efektif .  This research aims to determine the education funding policy implementation at the regional autonomy in Kebumen, seen from the aspect implementation, resources and the education budget allocation for education. Data collection techniques are observation, interviews, and documentation. Test the validity of the data is triangulation. The results of this study are the implementation of BOS based RAKS and RAPBS, and BKM based networking from the school. BOS funds from the state budget (central government, BKM sourced from district budget (local government and voluntary contributions provided by the community. BOS funding is in each school different, the casue of difference in levels of schooling, the amount of students in the school, the school location. This is because each school has different operational needs and the activities. Voluntary donations for meet defiency from BOS. Allocation of

    20. Yabani Baklagil Bitkilerinden, Mikrobiyal Gübre Olarak Kullanılan Rhizobium Spp. Bakterilerinin İzolasyonu

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hatice Öğütcü

      2014-05-01

      Full Text Available Araştırmamızda kullanılan yabani baklagil bitkileri ( Medicago sativa, M.lupulina ve M. varia Erzurum iline ait yüksek rakımlı (2000-2500m bölgelerden (Palandöken dağı, Alibaba dağı, Turnagöl dağı, Hasanbaba dağı, Eğerli dağı, Yıldırım dağı, Çubuklu dağı, Deveboynu mevkii, Kayakyolu mevkii, Telsizler tepesi ve Dumlu tepesi Haziran ve Temmuz aylarında toplandı. Bu bitkilerden elde edilen nodüller steril edilerek YMA (Yeast Mannitol Agar plaklarına çizgi ekim yapıldı ve petriler 28+1ºC’de 3-5 gün süreyle inkübasyona bırakıldı. İnkübasyon süresi sonunda oluşan tipik koloniler oluşturan (beyaz, saydam veya hafif mat, mukozlu, yuvarlak, kabarık 39 izolat seçilerek yatık YMA tüplerine aktarıldı ve buzdolabında +4ºC’de muhafaza edildi. Sonraki aşamada bu izolatlar sitolojik ve biyokimyasal analizlerle tanımlanmaya çalışıldı. Bu amaçla izolatlar; Brom Thymol Mavili ve Kongo Kırmızılı YMA’da üreme, gram özelliği, hareket, katalaz ve oksidaz testlerine tabi tutularak değerlendirildi. Yapılan sitolojik ve biyokimyasal analizler sonucunda elde edilen 39 izolatın 28’inin Rhizobium spp. olduğu tespit edildi.

    1. Overexpression of the NADP+-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase gene (icdA) in citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kobayashi, Keiichi; Hattori, Takasumi; Hayashi, Rie; Kirimura, Kohtaro

      2014-01-01

      In the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, NADP(+)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)-ICDH) catalyzes oxidative decarboxylation of isocitric acid to form α-ketoglutaric acid with NADP(+) as a cofactor. We constructed an NADP(+)-ICDH gene (icdA)-overexpressing strain (OPI-1) using Aspergillus niger WU-2223L as a host and examined the effects of increase in NADP(+)-ICDH activity on citric acid production. Under citric acid-producing conditions with glucose as the carbon source, the amounts of citric acid produced and glucose consumed by OPI-1 for the 12-d cultivation period decreased by 18.7 and 10.5%, respectively, compared with those by WU-2223L. These results indicate that the amount of citric acid produced by A. niger can be altered with the NADP(+)-ICDH activity. Therefore, NADP(+)-ICDH is an important regulator of citric acid production in the TCA cycle of A. niger. Thus, we propose that the icdA gene is a potentially valuable tool for modulating citric acid production by metabolic engineering.

    2. Preparation of Simulated LBL Defects for Round Robin Experiment

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Baldwin, Charles A [ORNL; Hunn, John D [ORNL; Montgomery, Fred C [ORNL

      2016-01-01

      A critical characteristic of the TRISO fuel design is its ability to retain fission products. During reactor operation, the TRISO layers act as barriers to release of fission products not stabilized in the kernel. Each component of the TRISO particle and compact construction plays a unique role in retaining select fission products, and layer performance is often interrelated. The IPyC, SiC, and OPyC layers are barriers to the release of fission product gases such as Kr and Xe. The SiC layer provides the primary barrier to release of metallic fission products not retained in the kernel, as transport across the SiC layer is rate limiting due to the greater permeability of the IPyC and OPyC layers to many metallic fission products. These attributes allow intact TRISO coatings to successfully retain most fission products released from the kernel, with the majority of released fission products during operation being due to defective, damaged, or failed coatings. This dominant release of fission products from compromised particles contributes to the overall source term in reactor; causing safety and maintenance concerns and limiting the lifetime of the fuel. Under these considerations, an understanding of the nature and frequency of compromised particles is an important part of predicting the expected fission product release and ensuring safe and efficient operation.

    3. A Study on the Frequency of Initiating Event of OPR-1000 during Outage Periods

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Hong Jae Beol; Jae, Moo Sung [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

      2013-10-15

      These sources of data did not reflect the latest event data which have occurred during the PWR outage to the frequencies of initiating event Electric Power Research Institute(EPRI) in USA collected the data of loss of decay heat removal during outage from 1989 to 2009 and published technical report. Domestic operating experiences for LOOP is gathered in Operational Performance Information System for Nuclear Power Plant(OPIS). To reduce conservatism and obtain completeness for LPSD PSA, those data should be collected and used to update the frequencies. The frequencies of LOSDC and LOOP are reevaluated using the data of EPRI and OPIS in this paper. Quantification is conducted to recalculate core damage frequency(CDF), since the rate is changed. The results are discussed below. To make an accurate estimate of the initiating events of LPSD PSA, the event data were collected and the frequencies of initiating events were updated using Bayesian approach. CDF was evaluated through quantification. Δ CDF is -40% and the dominant contributor is pressurizer PSV stuck open event. The most of the event data in EPRI TR were collected from US nuclear power plant industry. Those data are not enough to evaluate outage risk precisely. Therefore, to reduce conservatism and obtain completeness for LPSD PSA, the licensee event report and domestic data should be collected and reflected to the frequencies of the initiating events during outage.

    4. The relevance, biases, and importance of digitising opportunistic non-standardised collections: A case study in Iberian harvestmen fauna with BOS Arthropod Collection datasets (Arachnida, Opiliones).

      Science.gov (United States)

      Merino-Sáinz, Izaskun; Torralba-Burrial, Antonio; Anadón, Araceli

      2014-01-01

      In this study, we analyse the relevance of harvestmen distribution data derived from opportunistic, unplanned, and non-standardised collection events in an area in the north of the Iberian Peninsula. Using specimens deposited in the BOS Arthropod Collection at the University of Oviedo, we compared these data with data from planned, standardised, and periodic collections with pitfall traps in several locations in the same area. The Arthropod Collection, begun in 1977, includes specimens derived from both sampling types, and its recent digitisation allows for this type of comparative analysis. Therefore, this is the first data-paper employing a hybrid approach, wherein subset metadata are described alongside a comparative analysis. The full dataset can be accessed through Spanish GBIF IPT at http://www.gbif.es:8080/ipt/archive.do?r=Bos-Opi, and the metadata of the unplanned collection events at http://www.gbif.es:8080/ipt/resource.do?r=bos-opi_unplanned_collection_events. We have mapped the data on the 18 harvestmen species included in the unplanned collections and provided records for some species in six provinces for the first time. We have also provided the locations of Phalangium opilio in eight provinces without published records. These results highlight the importance of digitising data from unplanned biodiversity collections, as well as those derived from planned collections, especially in scarcely studied groups and areas.

    5. Pyridine-2,6-diyl dinitroxides as room-temperature triplet ligands

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Kawakami, Hinako; Tonegawa, Asato; Ishida, Takayuki, E-mail: takayuki.ishida@uec.ac.jp [Department of Engineering Science, The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo (Japan)

      2016-02-01

      We have proposed tert-butyl 2-pyridyl nitroxide radicals as a promising paramagnetic chelating ligand, where the direct radical-metal bond leads to strong magnetic interaction. We successfully synthesized and isolated PyBN derivatives (pyridine-2,6-diyl bis(tert-butyl nitroxides)). The molecular and crystal structures of the target biradicals, MesPyBN, AntPyBN and tBuOPyBN were determined from the X-ray crystal structure analysis, which possess mesityl, 9-anthryl and tert-butoxy groups at the 5-position of the pyridine ring, respectively. The ground triplet state was characterized by means of SQUID susceptometry for each compound. On heating, the χ{sub m}T values of all the PyBN derivatives increased and reached a plateau at ca. 1.0 cm{sup 3} K mol{sup −1} at 300 K. It implies that biradicals behaved as triplet molecules even at room temperature, or 2J/k{sub B} >> 300 K. From the decay monitored in solution electron-spin resonance spectroscopy, MesPyBN was the most persistent, while tBuOPyBN was the most reactive, of the three.

    6. Spectro radiometry Applied to Soil Science; Espectrorradiometria Aplicada a la Ciencia del Suelo

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Schmid, T.; Chabrillat, S.; Guerrero, C.; Jimenez, M.; Lopez, F.; Palacios, A.; Pelayo, M.; Rodriguez, M.

      2012-07-01

      This work is the result of an internal course that was held in CIEMAT under the framework of activities within the ''Itinerario Formativo: Tecnicas experimentales de apoyo a la Investigacion I+D+I'', as part of the Programa de Acciones Conjuntas de OPIs (CIEMAT, INTA and IGME) financed by the Instituto Nacional de Administracion Publica (INAP). The course was aimed at researchers, technical staff and students associated to the different OPIs introducing them to spectroradiometric techniques for determining soil properties and processes and obtain a thorough insight into the compilation and applications of spectral libraries. This course was directed and organized by CIEMAT with experts specialized in the field of spectro radiometry presenting the corresponding theory and application as well as practical work carried out in the laboratory and in the field. The course is within the research lines carried out by the group Unidad de Conservacion y Recuperacion de Suelos of the Departamento de Medio Ambiente in CIEMAT. (Author)

    7. Development and implementation of an EPICS-based accelerator control interface and automated beam optimisation at the S-DALINAC; Entwicklung und Implementierung einer EPICS-basierten Beschleuniger-Steuerungsschnittstelle und automatisierten Strahloptimierung am S-DALINAC

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Schoesser, Thomas

      2017-06-12

      This thesis is divided into two parts of improvements to the accelerator control system of the S-DALINAC. In the first part the finalisation of the EPICS migration to the S-DALINAC control system is presented. Therefore the input-outputcontrollers(IOCs) of the controls of magnets, the targets, and the video multiplexer are included into the EPICS framework. In addition to that the operator interfaces(OPIs) of the controls of magnets and targets are implemented. To configure these IOCs and OPIs a relational database is used, which was extended within this thesis. In- and output of magnet control is provided by rotating knobs and touch screens, which hardware were modernised. The realised steps are doing their part in reducing perturbations and ease up operations since. The second part covers the automated optimisation of beam optics. Therefore the software AreaDetector was integrated into the S-DALINAC control system. The functionality is shown by the example of setting a quadrupol magnet deflection-free fully automated. Also the flexibility enables other setups to be automatically optimised in the future.

    8. SNS online display technologies for EPICS

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Kasemir, K.U.; Chen, X.; Purcell, J.; Danilova, E.

      2012-01-01

      The ubiquitousness of web clients from personal computers to cell phones results in a growing demand for web-based access to control system data. At the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) we have investigated different technical approaches to provide read access to data in the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) for a wide variety of web client devices. The core web technology, HTTP, is less than ideal for online control system displays. Appropriate use of Ajax, especially the Long Poll paradigm, can alleviate fundamental HTTP limitations. The SNS Status web uses basic Ajax technology to generate generic displays for a wide audience. The Dashboard uses Long Poll and more client-side Java-Script to offer more customization and faster updates for users that need specialized displays. The Web OPI uses RAP for web access to any BOY display, offering utmost flexibility because users can create their own BOY displays in CSS. These three approaches complement each other. Users can access generic status displays with zero effort, invest time in creating their fully customized displays for the Web OPI, or use the Dashboard as an intermediate solution

    9. Phosphatidylcholine Supply to Peroxisomes of the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Flis, Vid V; Fankl, Ariane; Ramprecht, Claudia; Zellnig, Günther; Leitner, Erich; Hermetter, Albin; Daum, Günther

      2015-01-01

      In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, phosphatidylcholine (PC), the major phospholipid (PL) of all organelle membranes, is synthesized via two different pathways. Methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) catalyzed by the methyl transferases Cho2p/Pem1p and Opi3p/Pem2p as well as incorporation of choline through the CDP (cytidine diphosphate)-choline branch of the Kennedy pathway lead to PC formation. To determine the contribution of these two pathways to the supply of PC to peroxisomes (PX), yeast mutants bearing defects in the two pathways were cultivated under peroxisome inducing conditions, i.e. in the presence of oleic acid, and subjected to biochemical and cell biological analyses. Phenotype studies revealed compromised growth of both the cho20Δopi3Δ (mutations in the methylation pathway) and the cki1Δdpl1Δeki1Δ (mutations in the CDP-choline pathway) mutant when grown on oleic acid. Analysis of peroxisomes from the two mutant strains showed that both pathways produce PC for the supply to peroxisomes, although the CDP-choline pathway seemed to contribute with higher efficiency than the methylation pathway. Changes in the peroxisomal lipid pattern of mutants caused by defects in the PC biosynthetic pathways resulted in changes of membrane properties as shown by anisotropy measurements with fluorescent probes. In summary, our data define the origin of peroxisomal PC and demonstrate the importance of PC for peroxisome membrane formation and integrity.

    10. Protecting the ocular surface and improving the quality of life of dry eye patients: a study of the efficacy of an HP-guar containing ocular lubricant in a population of dry eye patients.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Rolando, Maurizio; Autori, Silvia; Badino, Francesco; Barabino, Stefano

      2009-06-01

      The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a non-Newtonian tear substitute containing 0.4% polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400) and 0.3% propylene glycol in an 0.18% hydroxypropyl-guar (HPG) containing vehicle (Systane Lubricant Eye Drops; Alcon) in reducing the signs and symptoms of dry eye, as well as its effect on ocular protection. Twenty patients with moderate to severe dry eye were enrolled in a 28-day prospective, randomized, controlled study. Subjects self-administered the HPG containing ocular lubricant four times daily (QID) over the study duration. After 28 days, the effect of the HPG containing ocular lubricant was evaluated by means of the Global Staining Score (a measure of the corneal and conjunctival staining), inter-blink tear film stability, Ocular Protection Index (OPI), and subjective symptoms. The HPG containing ocular lubricant produced statistically significant improvements compared with baseline in dry eye symptoms (P eye symptoms with the HPG containing ocular lubricant -- evident as early as the first follow-up visit (Day 7) and continued throughout the 28 days of the study with a concurrent, increase in OPI to a level greater than unity -- indicate that this preparation is a fast-acting, long-lasting, and effective treatment for dry eye. In concurrence with the results from previously published clinical studies, the HPG containing ocular lubricant has shown efficacy in alleviating the signs and symptoms of dry eye as well as affording improved ocular surface protection.

    11. Results from transient transport experiments in Rijnhuizen tokamak project: Heat convection, transport barriers and 'non-local' effects

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Mantica, P.; Gorini, G.; Hogeweij, G.M.D.; Kloe, J. de; Lopez Cardozo, N.J.; Schilham, A.M.R.

      2001-01-01

      An overview of experimental transport studies performed on the Rijnhuizen Tokamak Project (RTP) using transient transport techniques in both Ohmic and ECH dominated plasmas is presented. Modulated Electron Cyclotron Heating (ECH) and oblique pellet injection (OPI) have been used to induce electron temperature (T e ) perturbations at different radial locations. These were used to probe the electron transport barriers observed near low order rational magnetic surfaces in ECH dominated steady-state RTP plasmas. Layers of inward electron heat convection in off-axis ECH plasmas were detected with modulated ECH. This suggests that RTP electron transport barriers consist of heat pinch layers rather than layers of low thermal diffusivity. In a different set of experiments, OPI triggered a transient rise of the core T e due to an increase of the T e gradient in the 1< q<2 region. These transient transport barriers were probed with modulated ECH and found to be due to a transient drop of the electron heat diffusivity, except for off-axis ECH plasmas, where a transient inward pinch is also observed. Transient transport studies in RTP could not solve this puzzling interplay between heat diffusion and convection in determining an electron transport barrier. They nevertheless provided challenging experimental evidence both for theoretical modelling and for future experiments. (author)

    12. Development of EPICS based beam-line experimental control employing motor controller for precision positioning

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Tuli, Anupriya; Jain, Rajiv; Vora, H.S.

      2015-01-01

      In a Synchrotron Radiation Source the beamline experiments are carried out in radiation prone environment, inside the hutch, which demands to conduct experiments remotely. These experiments involves instrument control and data acquisition from various devices. Another factor which attributes to system complexity is precise positioning of sample and placement of detectors. A large number of stepper motors are engaged for achieving the required precision positioning. This work is a result of development of Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) based control system to interface a stepper motor controller developed indigenously by Laser Electronics Support Division of RRCAT. EPICS is an internationally accepted open source software environment which follows toolkit approach and standard model paradigm. The operator interface for the control system software was implemented using CSS BOY. The system was successfully tested for Ethernet based remote access. The developed control software comprises of an OPI and alarm handler (EPICS ALH). Both OPI and ALH are linked with PV's defined in database files. The development process resulted into a set of EPICS based commands for controlling stepper motor. These commands are independent of operator interface, i.e. stepper motor can be controlled by using these set of commands directly on EPICS prompt. This command set is illustrated in the above table. EPICS Alarm Handler was also tested independently by running these commands on EPIC prompt. If not using ALH, operator can read the alarm status of a PV using 'SEVR' and 'STAT' attributes. (author)

    13. Thermodynamic Description Of Ternary Fe-B-X Systems. Part 2: Fe-B-Ni

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Miettinen J.

      2014-06-01

      Full Text Available Przedstawiono termodynamiczny opis trójskładnikowego układu Fe-B-Ni w kontekście nowej bazy danych dla układów Fe-B-X (X = Cr, Ni, Mn, Si, Ti, V, C. Parametry termodynamiczne dwuskładnikowych stopów Fe-B. Fe-Ni i B-Ni zostały są zaczerpnięte z wcześniejszych opracowań, przy tym opis B-Ni został nieznacznie zmodyfikowany. Parametry dla układu Fe-B-Ni zostały zoptymalizowane w tej pracy w oparciu o eksperymentalne równowagi fazowe i dane termodynamiczne zaczerpnięte z literatury. Roztwory stałe w układzie Fe-B-Ni opisano przy użyciu modelu roztworu substytucyjnego, a borki traktowane są jako fazy stechiometryczne lub półstechiometryczne typu (A.BpCq opisane przy użyciu modelu dwu podsieci.

    14. 'Non-local' response of RTP ohmic plasmas to peripheral perturbations

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Galli, P.; Gorini, G.; Mantica, P.; Hogeweij, G.M.D.; Kloe, J. de; Lopes Cardozo, N.J.

      1999-01-01

      A 'non-local' response of the plasma core triggered by peripheral plasma perturbations other than laser ablation is found in the RTP tokamak. Oblique pellet injection (OPI) has been used to induce fast cooling of the peripheral plasma. In response, an inward cold pulse (T e drop) and a slightly delayed core T e rise are observed. A somewhat similar 'non-local' response is observed when the peripheral plasma is heated by modulated electron cyclotron heating or by fast current ramps, i.e. the core temperature drops in response to the peripheral heating. The plasma conditions for the occurrence of the 'non-local' response have been investigated. The core T e rise following OPI is associated with the formation of a large temperature gradient in the region 1 e rise is largest at low electron density and for large pellet deposition radii. Above a critical density the T e rise disappears and only the (weaker) drop in core T e is observed. Time dependent transport simulations show that the propagation of the inward cold pulse is consistent with local transport, while the core T e rise is a slower phenomenon requiring a large transient drop of χ e in the region 1 < q < 2. (author)

    15. Avaliação da buprenorfina pelas vias intravenosa ou intramuscular em cães anestesiados pelo desfluorano

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Souza Almir Pereira de

      2004-01-01

      Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar comparativamente os efeitos da buprenorfina, administrada pelas vias intramuscular(IM ou intravenosa (IV, sobre variáveis cardiovasculares, em cães anestesiados com desfluorano. Para tanto, foram utilizados dezesseis cães adultos, clinicamente saudáveis, distribuídos em dois grupos (n=8 denominados de GI e GII. Em ambos os grupos, a anestesia foi induzida com propofol (8 mg/kg, IV e em seguida os animais foram intubados com sonda orotraqueal de Magill, a qual foi conectada ao aparelho de anestesia volátil para administração de desfluorano (1,5 CAM. Após 30 minutos do início da anestesia inalatória, foi aplicado no GI buprenorfina na dose de 0,02 mg/kg pela via IV, enquanto no GII administrou-se o opióide na mesma dose porém pela via IM. Avaliaram-se: freqüência cardíaca (FC; pressões arteriais sistólica, diastólica e média (PAS, PAD e PAM; débito cardíaco (DC; pressão venosa central (PVC e pressão da artéria pulmonar (PAP. As colheitas foram feitas nos seguintes momentos: M1 - 30 minutos após o início da anestesia inalatória antes da aplicação do opióide; M2 - 15 minutos após a administração da buprenorfina; M3, M4 e M5 - de 15 em 15 minutos após M2. A avaliação estatística dos dados foi efetuada por meio de Análise de Perfil (p<0,05. As variáveis PAS, PAM, DC, PVC e PAP, não apresentaram alterações significativas de seus valores em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, a FC e a PAD apresentaram reduções significativas após a administração do opióide apenas no GI. Assim, pôde-se concluir que a buprenorfina administrada pelas vias IV ou IM não interferiu nos índices cardiovasculares de forma a manifestar efeitos clínicos importantes em cães anestesiados com desfluorano.

    16. Ocular iontophoresis of EGP-437 (dexamethasone phosphate in dry eye patients: results of a randomized clinical trial

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Patane MA

      2011-05-01

      Full Text Available Michael A Patane¹, Amy Cohen¹, Stephen From¹, Gail Torkildsen², Donna Welch³, George W Ousler III³¹Eyegate Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Waltham, MA, USA; ²Andover Eye Associates, Andover, MA, USA; ³Ora, Inc, Andover, MA, USAPurpose: To assess safety and efficacy of EGP-437 (dexamethasone phosphate 40 mg/mL [DP] in dry eye patients.Methods: The study employed a prospective, single-center, double-masked design utilizing a Controlled Adverse Environment (CAE. Patients (n = 103 with confirmed signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome were randomized into 1 of 3 iontophoresis treatment groups: 7.5 mA-min at 2.5 mA (DP 7.5, n = 41; 10.5 mA-min at 3.5 mA (DP 10.5, n = 37; or 10.5 mA-min at 3.5 mA (placebo, n = 25. Three CAE visits and 4 follow-up visits occurred over 3 weeks. Patients meeting enrollment criteria received iontophoresis in both eyes after the second CAE exposure (visit 3 and before the third CAE exposure (visit 5. Primary efficacy endpoints were corneal staining and ocular discomfort. Secondary endpoints included tear film break-up time, ocular protection index (OPI, and symptomatology.Results: The DP 7.5 and DP 10.5 treatment groups showed statistically significant improvements in signs and symptoms of dry eye at various time points; however, the primary endpoints were not achieved. The DP 7.5 treatment group exhibited statistically significant improvements in corneal staining (when comparing the differences between study entry and exit, 3 weeks, P = 0.039, OPI (immediately following the second treatment, P = 0.048 and ocular discomfort at follow-up visits (a week after the first treatment, P = 0.032; 24 hours after the second treatment, P = 0.0032. Treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs were experienced by 87% of patients and were consistent across all treatment groups. Most AEs were mild and no severe AEs were observed.Conclusion: Ocular iontophoresis of EGP-437 demonstrated statistically and clinically significant improvements in

    17. Dor oncológica

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Carla Alves Costa

      2007-11-01

      Full Text Available Resumo: A dor pode ser definida de várias formas, sendo habitualmente descrita como uma experiência sensorial e emocional desagradável associada a lesão tecidular real ou potencial, ou descrita em função de tal lesão. No doente oncológico, a dor pode estar relacionada com a neoplasia, com o seu tratamento, ou não ter relação com a doença neoplásica. A dor tem grande impacto no doente oncológico, significando agravamento do prognóstico ou morte próxima, daí a importância de uma abordagem e tratamento correctos. As opções para o tratamento farmacológico são várias, estando disponíveis analgésicos não opióides, opióides e co-analgésicos. Os autores pretendem com este artigo rever o tratamento farmacológico da dor e alertar para a importância do reconhecimento da dor como doença e da possibilidade de tratar e aliviar os doentes.Rev Port Pneumol 2007; XIII (6: 855-867 Abstract: Pain can be defined by several ways, but is usually describes as an unpleasant sensorial or emotional experience related to real or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. The cancer patient may experience pain related to the cancer itself, its treatment or not related at all with the oncologic disease. It has an extreme importance to the patient, as it is interpreted as a worsening of the prognosis or near death. Therefore it is extremely important a correct approach and treatment of cancer pain. Pain can be treated by pharmacologic, non-pharmacologic means and by more invasive procedures. The options for pharmacologic treatment are various, since nonopioid, opioid analgesics and co-analgesics. The authors present a review of the pharmacological treatment of cancer pain and alert to the importance of the recognition of pain as an illness and the possibility to be relieved.Rev Port Pneumol 2007; XIII (6: 855-867 Palavras-chave: Dor, dor oncológica, analgésicos, opióides, Key-words: Pain, cancer pain, analgesics, opioids

    18. Dor oncológica

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Carla Alves Costa

      2007-11-01

      Full Text Available Resumo: A dor pode ser definida de várias formas, sendo habitualmente descrita como uma experiência sensorial e emocional desagradável associada a lesão tecidular real ou potencial, ou descrita em função de tal lesão. No doente oncológico, a dor pode estar relacionada com a neoplasia, com o seu tratamento, ou não ter relação com a doença neoplásica. A dor tem grande impacto no doente oncológico, significando agravamento do prognóstico ou morte próxima, daí a importância de uma abordagem e tratamento correctos. As opções para o tratamento farmacológico são várias, estando disponíveis analgésicos não opióides, opióides e co-analgésicos. Os autores pretendem com este artigo rever o tratamento farmacológico da dor e alertar para a importância do reconhecimento da dor como doença e da possibilidade de tratar e aliviar os doentes. Abstract: Pain can be defined by several ways, but is usually describes as an unpleasant sensorial or emotional experience related to real or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. The cancer patient may experience pain related to the cancer itself, its treatment or not related at all with the oncologic disease. It has an extreme importance to the patient, as it is interpreted as a worsening of the prognosis or near death. Therefore it is extremely important a correct approach and treatment of cancer pain. Pain can be treated by pharmacologic, non-pharmacologic means and by more invasive procedures. The options for pharmacologic treatment are various, since nonopioid, opioid analgesics and co-analgesics. The authors present a review of the pharmacological treatment of cancer pain and alert to the importance of the recognition of pain as an illness and the possibility to be relieved. Palavras-chave: Dor, dor oncológica, analgésicos, opióides, Key-words: Pain, cancer pain, analgesics, opioids

    19. Elicitation of dopaminergic features of Parkinson's disease in C. elegans by monocrotophos, an organophosphorous insecticide.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Ali, Shaheen Jafri; Rajini, Padmanabhan Sharda

      2012-12-01

      Positive correlations have been suggested between usage of pesticides and the incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD) through epidemiological as well as few experimental evidences. Organophosphorus insecticides (OPI), which are extensively used in agricultural and household insect control, have been the subject of increasing concern in the past decades due to their neurotoxic potential. However, very few studies have demonstrated the potentials of OPI to induce features of PD in model organisms. In the present study, Caenorhabditis elegans was selected as the model organism to evaluate the potential of monocrotophos (MCP), an OPI, to elicit dopaminergic features of Parkinson's disease in terms of dopamine content, basic movement and integrity of dopaminergic neurons along with its effect on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and life span. All the responses elicited by MCP were compared with that elicited by 1-methyl-4-phenyl- 1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in both N2 and BZ555 worms. N2 worms were exposed to varying concentrations of MCP (50, 100 and 200 μM) or MPTP (200, 300 and 400 μM) for 48 hours and locomotory rate, as measured by the number of body bends made in 20 seconds, was enumerated. Worms subjected to the same dose paradigms were also analyzed for the dopamine content by HPLC. The results indicated a significant reduction in the dopamine levels in the worms that were treated with MCP/MPTP and this correlated with the changes in locomotion compared to untreated worms. Worms treated with MCP also exhibited significant reduction in AChE activity. Both MPTP and MCP caused a marked reduction in life span in the worms. Transgenic worms (BZ555, which has GFP tagged to its 8 dopaminergic neurons) exposed to MCP and MPTP at the above concentrations showed a dose-dependent reduction in the number of green pixels in CEP and ADE neurons which also correlated with the neurodegeneration as visualized by decreased fluorescence in photomicrographs. Taken

    20. RB research nuclear reactor - Annual report for 1986, I - III; Istrazivacki nuklearni reaktor RB (Izvestaj o radu u 1986. godini), I-III

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Markovic, H; Pesic, M; Vranic, S; Petronijevic, M; Jevremovic, M; Ilic, I [Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca, Beograd (Yugoslavia)

      1987-07-01

      This report includes data concerning the RB reactor operation in 1986, state of the reactor components, data about the employed personnel and the database of experimental and other reactor related devices. It is made of 3 parts: Engineering description and operation of the RB reactor including dosimetry, reactor staff data and financial report; Reactor facility components and maintenance; RB reactor operation and utilization in 1986. Izvestaj pokazuje podatke o radu reaktora RB u toku 1986. godine, stanje reaktorske opreme, podatke o angazovanom osoblju na reaktoru i datoteku sa podacima o eksperimentalnoj i drugoj opremi reaktora RB. Sastoji se od 3 dela: tehnicki opis, pogon i rad reaktora, oprema postrojenja i njeno odrzavanje, koriscenje reaktora u 1986. godini.

    1. Incidência de infecção em pacientes com cateter peridural tunelizado Incidencia de infección en pacientes con cateter peridural tunelizado Infection incidence in patients with tunneled peridural catheter

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Maria Cecilia Iksilara

      2005-04-01

      Full Text Available O cateter peridural tunelizado como via de administração de opiáceos vem sendo utilizado desde o início de 1980. Pacientes com dor crônica, que não obtêm alívio com medicamentos por outras vias, são muito beneficiados com infusão de opiáceo associado a um anestésico local por via peridural. Entretanto, ainda existem dúvidas sobre a eficácia do método, no manuseio e, conseqüentemente, quanto ao risco de infecção e outras complicações. Sendo a equipe de enfermagem fundamental para efetivar o tratamento para o alívio da dor, esse estudo propõe demonstrar como manter a técnica segura. Foram acompanhados 27 pacientes com dor crônica entre 2002 e 2004, que utilizaram o cateter peridural por 18 dias em média, implantados em nível torácico ou lombar. Não houve complicações como abcesso peridural, meningite ou hematoma peridural. A satisfação dos pacientes quanto a analgesia foi evidente.El cateter peridural tunelizado, como via de administración de opióides, es utilizado desde el comienzo de 1980. Pacientes con dolor crónico, que no tienen alivio con medicamentos por otras vias, son muy beneficiados con la administración de opióides, asociados a un anestésico local por via peridural. Sin embargo, aún existen dudas sobre la eficacia del método, en el manejo y, como consecuencia, en el riesgo de infección y otras complicaciones. Siendo el equipo de enfermería fundamental para ejecutar el tratamiento para alivio del dolor, esto estudio se propone a presentar como mantener la técnica segura. Vinte y siete pacientes con dolor crónica, entre 2002 a 2004, que utilizarón el cateter peridural por 18 dias en media, fuerón seguidos. Los cateteres fuerón implantados al nivele toracico o lumbar. No se presentaran complicaciones como absceso peridural, meningitis o hematoma peridural. La satisfacción de los pacientes quanto analgesia fué evidente.The tunneled epidural catheter as an administration access for opiates

    2. WYKORZYSTANIE METODY DAVE’A BERKUSA DO ANALIZY POTENCJAŁU ROZWOJOWEGO FIRM START-UP W POLSCE

      OpenAIRE

      Gemzik-Salwach, Agata

      2014-01-01

      Celem niniejszego artykułu była ocena potencjału rozwojowego firm start-up w Polsce. W artykule przedstawione zostały metody oceny przedsiębiorstw start-up oraz wyniki badań własnych poświęconych potencjałowi firm start-up w Polsce. Pierwszą część artykułu stanowi opis cech charakterystycznych młodych spółek i możliwych sposobów ich wyceny. Kolejna cześć artykułu obejmuje szczegółowe omówienie wyników przeprowadzonych badań. W badaniach wykorzystano powstałą na bazie doświadczeń amerykańskieg...

    3. The new control system of HLS linac and transport line

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Liu Gongfa; Li Weimin; Li Jingyi; Li Chuan; Cheng Liping; Bao Xun; Wang Jigang; Xuan Ke

      2005-01-01

      The new linac and transport line control system of Hefei Light Source (HLS) is a distributed control system based on EPICS (Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System). Industrial PC (IPC) is widely used as not only Input/Output Controller (IOC) but also device controller. Besides industrial PC, PLC and microcontroller are also used as device controllers. The software for industrial PC based device controller is developed based on VxWorks real-time operating system. The software for PLC and microcontroller are written with ladder software package and assemble language, respectively. PC with Linux and SUN workstation with Solaris are used as operator interfaces (OPI). High level control is made up of some EPICS tools and Tcl/Tk scripts. (authors)

    4. Elicited Imitation for Brazilian Portuguese

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Lonsdale, Deryle W.

      2015-01-01

      Full Text Available Elicited imitation (EI is an approach to measuring oral proficiency that consists of having test takers hear a sentence and repeat the sentence exactly as they heard it. Though indirect in nature, EI has successfully shown to correlate with previously established oral proficiency examinations, such as the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI (Lonsdale and Christensen 2014, Matsushita and Lonsdale 2014, Millard 2011, Thompson 2013. This paper discusses the development, administration, and evaluation of an EI test for the Brazilian Portuguese language. We first discuss the relevant background of oral proficiency examination and EI. After presenting the pertinent research questions, we explain the methodology used to develop the EI test, recruit participants, and administer the test. We present the results and analysis and then summarize the findings, limitations, and possible future work

    5. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 2. Confirmation/Quantification. Stage 1 for Pease Air Force Base, New Hampshire. Volume 2. Appendices.

      Science.gov (United States)

      1987-08-01

      san Agency Judgment on an amn pces that are more sensitive The .vlaldt’a . acca ~ble" siskieavel. . that those tested. Mortality to early life...METHOD -30 c 7P~4- 1]I07- .ps cC4 Zw /5(,ov 12򒵃 /I04dOSIT/ - RIEP PIIS Bi,0614 L 1 111 16" AL F6 t 7 9 2349, -* ,* I- ~CL */1.CIIIT C-CL).1- LI tNT I...LWpCL MAILSE ORIGINALD (.. .I hla REPRT 7e__ _ __ _ __ _ 1" -L 5.um.Iwf TOr4 c0opy 131210421, ( ^i F6 .,Ol+,3uicj.Imb3 COPYS 2L0 _______COLLCTEDB_____

    6. Postirradiation examination report of TRISO and BISO coated ThO2 particles irradiated in capsules HT-31 and HT-33

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Sedlak, B.J.

      1980-01-01

      Capsules HT-31 and HT-33 were uninstrumented capsule experiments irradiated in the target position of the High-Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The experiments were used to evaluate the irradiation performance of (1) fuel fabricated in a 240-mm-diameter coater for production scale-up, (2) TRISO ThO 2 and BISO ThO 2 particles, and (3) fuel with certain OPyC variables. A total of 16 BISO particle samples and 32 TRISO particle samples were irradiated to fast neutron fluences ranging from 4.0 to 11.7 x 10 25 n/m 2 (E > 29 fJ)/sub HTGR/ and heavy metal burnups between 3.5% and 13.2% FIMA at temperatures from 1150 0 to 1530 0 C

    7. The spaces of the margin. History of Sexuality and LGBTIQ studies from an interdisciplinary perspective

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Elisabetta Bini

      2013-10-01

      Full Text Available The essay offers an overview of LGBTIQ studies, by analyzing several texts that have influenced the debate and research about the history of sexuality and LGBTIQ identities. The first part examines the forms of exchange and contamination between LGBTIQ and historical studies. The author argues that, since they emerged in the 1970s, LGBTIQ studies have aimed at challenging the specific forms of discrimination carried out against gays and lesbians, by highlighting the historical and social construction of sexuality and sexual identities. The essay focuses in particular on the importance of works by Michel Foucault, Adrienne Rich, Monique Wittig, Judith Butler, Teresa de Lauretis and American “women of color,” and their influence on historical research. The second part of the essay examines the photographs taken by several artists whose work focuses on sexual identities, such as Claude Cahun, Nan Goldin, Catherine Opie and Del LaGrace Volcano.

    8. factores psicosociales asociados

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      María Teresa Varela Arévalo

      2007-01-01

      Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas [SPA] ilegales en jóvenes y los factores psicosociales de riesgo y de protección asociados. Participaron 763 estudiantes (46,5% hombres y 52,4% mujeres de una universidad privada de Cali, quienes diligenciaron el cuestionario de factores de riesgo y protección para el consumo de drogas. Los resultados muestran que la marihuana fue la droga de mayor consumo; y que existe una fuerte asociación entre el consumo de las cuatro SPA ilegales (marihuana, opiáceos, cocaína y éxtasis y los factores psicosociales de riesgo y/o protección, principalmente, las habilidades de autocontrol, los preconceptos y valoración de las SPA, la relación con personas consumidoras y los comportamientos perturbadores.

    9. Optimalizace experimentálních parametrů v sestavě dvoupulzní LIBS

      OpenAIRE

      Roščák, Michal

      2010-01-01

      V diplomovej práci je opísaná metóda spektroskopie laserom indukovanej plazmy (LIBS) ako aj možnosť zníženia detekčných limitov použitím metódy dvojpulznej LIBS (DP-LIBS). Práca taktiež pojednáva o vlastnostiach laserom indukovanej plazmy (LIP). Obsahuje opis DP-LIBS aparatúry laboratória laserovej spektroskopie Fakulty strojního inženýrství, Vysoké učení technické v Brně, ako aj postup optimalizácie jej parametrov. Optimalizácia bola vykonaná pre detekciu chrómu v oceli s ohľadom na detekčné...

    10. The Cost Growth Problem: A Realistic Diagnosis and Solution.

      Science.gov (United States)

      1983-06-01

      access 30 0~ LJ 0 CD 0 ( 4c CD - V2 0 C.2 ~~CD.------ 0.0 4-J V) 0 0.0 C.,I Cdc = CC, 0 0D C2 =I . 31 haua La OC I- c C _g .- C2 n C2 __. 6.34 LIA ca D...Department Navy Military Personnel Command Washington, D.C. 20370 6. Director for HRM Plans and Policy (OP-IS0) 1 Human Resource Management Division...Washington, D.C. 20301 25. Dana French, CAPT, USN HD HRM Plans & Policy Branch Washington, D.C. 20301 26. Robert Aaron 820 Lamberton Drive Silver

    11. OGLAŠEVANJE IN MANIPULACIJA: ŠTUDIJA PRIMERA

      OpenAIRE

      Lazar, Alja

      2015-01-01

      Diplomska naloga se začne z definicijo oglaševanja. Na splošno povemo kaj je, opišemo zgodovino ter načine oglaševanja. Ker pa oglaševanje pogosto vsebuje manipulativni način, smo se osredotočili še na manipulacijo. Povedali kaj je, kakšne so njene pojavne oblike in kako vpliva na ljudi. Osredotočimo se na manipulacijo, kot ključni element oglaševanja, ugotavljamo razsežnost manipuliranja, ter kako manipulativno oglaševanje deluje na ljudi. Manipulativno oglaševanje moralno ovrednotimo, ter ...

    12. Irradiation tasks within development of fuel elements in Sweden; Rad na ozracivanju u okviru razvoja gorivnih elemenata u Svedskoj

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Stevanovic, M [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Yugoslavia)

      1966-11-15

      This report contains description of the hot laboratory RMA for irradiation in the R-2 reactor in Studsvik. Activities of the AB Atomenegiyu concerning irradiation and testing of fuel rods and fuel elements are described, as well as methods for testing of irradiated samples in hot cells. Concerning the importance of the problem, determination of burnup level and neutron flux were examined particularly. Dat je opis vruce metalurske laboratorije RMA i sistema za ozracivanje u reaktoru R-2 u Studsviku. Prikazana je aktivnost AB Atomenergy u okviru razvoja gorivnih elemenata na ozracivanju i ispitivanju ozracenog goriva, gorivnih sipki i sklopova gorivnih elemenata. Prikazane su metode ispitivanja ozracenih uzoraka u vrucim celijama. S obzirom na vaznost problema, posebno je razradjeno pitanje odredjivanja stepena izgaranja i fluksa neutrona (author)

    13. Tv-mainonnan kehitys leikkaajan näkökulmasta

      OpenAIRE

      Kontunen, Piia

      2015-01-01

      Tämä opinnäytetyö kertoo tv-mainonnan muutoksista sekä kehityksestä koko niiden olemassaolon ajalta. Millaista on tv-mainonta nykyään ja kuinka tv-mainoksien keskeiset elementit ovat muuttuneet? Opinnäytetyö lähestyy aihetta leikkaajan näkökulmasta ja tutkii asioita joihin leikkaaja työssään kiinnittää huomiota. Television tulevaisuudesta on keskusteltu jo pitkään. Mikä on tv-mainosten mahdollinen tulevaisuus. Voiko sitä ennustaa tuntemalla historian vai onko vihjeitä jo löydettävissä? Opi...

    14. Model improwizacji polifonicznej na tle popularnych metod improwizacji w muzyce rozrywkowej

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Adam Fulara

      2012-12-01

      Full Text Available Artykuł składa się z dwóch części. Pierwsza z nich, bardziej ogólna, zawiera opis zjawisk związanych z improwizacją, zwłaszcza gitarową, z wyszczególnieniem problemów wykonawczych stojących przed improwizatorem. Dwa punkty widzenia zostały przedstawione: pierwszy, szczegółowy, opisuje po kolei elementy muzyki i ich znaczenie w procesie improwizacji, drugi bardziej ogólny mówi o zjawiskach, których nie da się opisać, ani analizować w prosty sposób, bądź są inne w przypadku każdego utworu. Należy do nich interakcja pomiędzy członkami zespołu, wyrażanie emocji poprzez muzykę i problematykę poszukiwań własnego głosu w sztuce. Ta część zawiera jeszcze opis trzech zupełnie różnych podejść do improwizacji na gitarze. Pierwsza to wykorzystanie centrum tonalnego (wzbogaconego napięciami dominantowymi, druga metoda polega na połączeniu harmonii utworu ze stosowanymi skalami (stosowana w muzyce fusion, trzecia polega na ścisłym wykorzystaniu dźwięków akordowych w improwizacji bez stosowania skal (charakterystyczna dla muzyki bebop. Druga część tekstu zawiera opis szczególnego rodzaju improwizacji polifonicznej z wykorzystaniem tappingu oburęcznego na gitarze. Model ten stoi w opozycji do trzech wcześniej przedstawionych sposobów rozumienia improwizacji gitarowej. System opiera się zarówno na metodach stosowanych w polifonii renesansu i baroku (m. in. melodia wiodąca Cantus Firmus, reguły kontrapunktu, jak i na założeniach jednogłosowej improwizacji bebopowej (wykorzystanie dźwięków wiodących, rozwiązania charakterystyczne dla czterodźwięków naturalnych. Opis ten nawiązuje do pierwszej części artykułu, grupując zagadnienia wokół poszczególnych elementów dzieła muzycznego. Ta część zawiera uwagi i spostrzeżenia zebrane w ciągu ośmiu lat poszukiwań własnej drogi muzycznej autora.

    15. Estudo da atividade do látex do Croton urucurana Baill. sobre o trânsito gastrintestinal de camundongos

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Luilma Albuquerque Gurgel

      Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como propósito avaliar uma possível atividade inibitória do látex do Croton urucurana Baill. sobre o trânsito gastrintestinal de camundongos, bem como tentar esclarecer os possíveis mecanismos de ação envolvidos em sua atividade. Foram utilizados os modelos de trânsito gastrintestinal normal e trânsito gastrintestinal estimulado por fisostigmina em camundongos. Os resultados obtidos mostram que o látex inibiu o trânsito gastrintestinal de camundongos, e, muito embora seu mecanismo de ação ainda não seja claro, seu efeito é independente da participação de mecanismo opióide, colinérgico, α2-adrenérgico ou nitriérgico.

    16. Safety analysis for testing operation of the RA reactor in the Boris Kidric Institute, Vinca; Analiza sigurnosti rada reaktora 'RA' za probni rad u Institutu za nuklearne nauke 'Boris Kidric' - Vinca

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Milosevic, M et al. [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1980-09-15

      This safety report covers detailed description of the RA reactor core, reactor components, coolant system, control system, safety system, reactor building including site characteristics. A separate chapter is devoted to radiation protection and radioactive waste management. Organizational structure od the reactor staff as well as training program are included. The last chapter includes detailed emergency plans for three accidents classified in three categories. [Serbo-Croat] Ovaj izvestaj sadrzi detaljan opis reaktora RA, sistema za hladjenje, kontolno-sigurnosnog sistema, elektricnog sistema, zgrade sa instalacijama, ukljucujuci karakteristike lokacije. Posebno poglavlje opisuje sistem zastite od zracenja i rukovanje radioaktivnim otpadom. Opisana je organizacija rada i program obuke osoblja. Poslednje poglavlje sadrzi detaljan plan mera za slucaj udesa klasifikovanih u tri kategorije.

    17. Estudio sobre modelo de oficinas de transferencia tecnológica en el Perú

      OpenAIRE

      Ísmodes, Eduardo

      2015-01-01

      El presente documento es el resultado de una investigación, análisis y evaluación del desarrollo y la evolución de las Oficinas de Transferencia de Tecnología (OTT) en diversos países del mundo occidental y de América Latina. El estudio incorpora una investigación sobre la situación de las unidades de Transferencia de Tecnología en varias Instituciones de Educación Superior (IES) y Organismos Públicos de Investigación (OPIs) en el Perú y finaliza con una propuesta que permita implementar de m...

    18. The New Edition of Chopin’s Correspondence

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Helman-Bednarczyk Zofia

      2016-12-01

      Full Text Available Some of Fryderyk Chopin’s letters were published individually or in groups already in the 2nd half of the 19th century. With the passage of time, more letters from and to Chopin were printed in monographs dedicated to his life and work. The first editions of Chopin’s collected letters come from the 1st half of the 20th century (by Scharlitt and von Guttry in Germany, Henryk Opieński – in Poland. B.E. Sydow’s Fryderyk Chopin’s Correspondence of 1955 continues to be used as the basic source edition by Chopin biographers. It has many strong points, but has become largely outdated.

    19. Independent CO{sub 2} loop for cooling the samples irradiated in vertical experimental channels of the RA reactor, Vol. I; Nezavisno kolo CO{sub 2} za hladjenje uzoraka ozracivanih u vertikalnim eksperimentalnim kanalima reaktora RA, Album I

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Pavicevic, M; Pavlovic, A [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1963-06-15

      Project 'independent CO{sub 2} loop for cooling the samples irradiated in the vertical experimental channels of the RA reactor' is presented in two volumes: volume I - head of the low temperature coolant loop for reactor RA, and volume II - Outer low-temperature reactor coolant loop. Volume I includes: the design specifications for the head of the low-temperature coolant loop, technical description, thermal calculation, calculations of mechanical loads, antireactivity and activation of the components of the coolant loop head, engineering schemes and drawings, cost estimation data. [Serbo-Croat] Projekat 'Nezavisno kolo CO{sub 2} za hladjenje uzoraka ozracivanih u vertikalnim eksperimentalnim kanalima reaktora RA', sastoji se od dva albuma: album I - Glava niskotemperaturno rashladne petlje za reaktor RA, album II - Spoljno kolo niskotemperaturne rashladne petlje za reaktora. Album I sadrzi projektni zadatak glave niskotemperaturne petlje, tehnicki opis, termicki proracun, proracun mehanickih naprezanja, antireaktivnosti i aktivacije kontrukcionih elemenata glave petlje, konstrukcione seme i crteze glave petlje, predracun.

    20. Alteração na atenção e o tratamento da dor do câncer Alteración en la atención y el tratamiento del dolor de cáncer Alteration in attention and cancer pain treatment

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Geana Paula Kurita

      2008-03-01

      Full Text Available Os danos à vida diária que a alteração cognitiva pode provocar motivaram a elaboração deste estudo, cujo objetivo foi analisar o impacto do tratamento da dor com opióides sobre a atenção. Os doentes foram divididos em grupos que recebiam (n=14 e não recebiam opióides (n=12. Foram feitas três entrevistas, utilizando-se o Trail Making Test e o Digit Span Test, que avaliam a atenção. Os grupos foram homogêneos nas variáveis sociodemográficas, dor e depressão; não foram homogêneos no índice de Karnofsky e no recebimento de analgésicos adjuvantes. Os doentes sem opióides tiveram melhor desempenho no Digit Span Test - ordem inversa, na segunda avaliação (p=0,29 e não foram observadas diferenças no Trail Making Test. As alterações observadas foram limitadas, mas, enquanto novos estudos não confirmem os achados, doentes, profissionais e cuidadores devem ser alertados dos possíveis efeitos deletérios dos opióides sobre a função cognitiva.Los daños a la vida diaria que la alteración cognoscitiva puede causar motivaron la elaboración de este estudio, cuyo objetivo fue analizar el impacto del tratamiento del dolor con los opioides en la atención. Los enfermos fueron divididos en grupos que recibieron (n=14 y no recibieron opioides (n=12. Fueron realizadas tres entrevistas utilizándose el Trail Making Test y el Digit Span Test, que evalúan la atención. Los grupos fueron homogéneos en las variables sociodemográficas, dolor y depresión; no fueron homogéneos en el índice de Karnofsky y en el suministro de analgésicos adyuvantes. Los pacientes sin opioides tuvieron mejor desempeño en el Digit Span Test - reverse order, en la segunda entrevista (p=0,29 y no se observaron diferencias en el Trail Making Test. Las alteraciones observadas fueron limitadas, sin embargo mientras nuevos estudios no confirmen los resultados, pacientes, profesionales y cuidadores deben ser alertados sobre los posibles efectos deletéreos de

    1. Increasing Malonyl-CoA Derived Product through Controlling the Transcription Regulators of Phospholipid Synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Chen, Xiaoxu; Yang, Xiaoyu; Shen, Yu; Hou, Jin; Bao, Xiaoming

      2017-05-19

      Malonyl-CoA is a precursor of a variety of compounds such as polyketides and flavonoids. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, malonyl-CoA concentration is tightly regulated and therefore maintained at a very low level, limiting the production of malonyl-CoA-derived chemicals. Here we manipulated the phospholipid synthesis transcriptional regulators to control the malonyl-CoA levels and increase the downstream product. Through manipulating different regulators including Ino2p, Ino4p, Opi1p, and a series of synthetic Ino2p variants, combining with studying the inositol and choline effect, the engineered strain achieved a 9-fold increase of the titer of malonyl-CoA-derived product 3-hydroxypropionic acid, which is among the highest improvement relative to previously reported strategies. Our study provides a new strategy to regulate malonyl-CoA availability and will contribute to the production of other highly valued malonyl-CoA-derived chemicals.

    2. A. Vessel for pressure generation, B. Battery of the electrical heater P=30kW, Project of the main loop for irradiation of enriched UO{sub 2}, Zad. E-14-37-00-29, Vol. IV; A. Sud za generaciju pritiska; B. Baterija el. grejaca snage P=30kW, Projekat glavnog kola petlje za ozracivanje obogacenog UO{sub 2}, Zad. E-14-37-00-29, Album IV

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Anastasijevic, P; Pavlovic, A [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Laboratorija za eksploataciju reaktora, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1968-11-15

      Vessel for pressure generation and the 30kW battery of the electrical heater belong to the Project of the main loop for irradiation of enriched UO{sub 2}. These two components of the irradiation loop are designed to attain and maintain the pressure and temperature of the cooling fluid. This report includes the description of the construction of the vessel for pressure generation and the battery of the electrical heater, control mechanical and electric calculations, needed tests, materials specifications, and overall and detailed engineering drawings. Sud za generaciju pritiska i baterija el. grejaca snage P=30kW pripadaju projektu glavnog kola petlje za ozracivanje obogacenog UO{sub 2}. Ova dva elementa glavnog kola petlje omogucavaju i odrzavaju pritisak i temperaturu rashadnog fluida. Ovaj izvestaj sadrzi opis konstrukcije suda za generaciju pritiska i baterije elektricnog grejaca, kontrolne mehanicke i elektricne proracune, zahtevana ispitivanja, specifikaciju materijala, sklopni crtez i detalje.

    3. [How aliphatic alcohols and ph affect reactional capability of the horse blood serum cholinesterase at its interaction with organophosphorus inhibitors].

      Science.gov (United States)

      Basova, N E; Kormilitsin, B N; Perchenok, A Iu; Rozengart, E V; Saakov, V S; Suvorov, A A

      2013-01-01

      There was studied action of aliphatic alcohols (ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, isobutanol, secbutanol, tretbetanol) and pH on various kinds of reactional capability the serum cholinesterase. At the alcohols-affected inhibition of the cholinesterase hydrolytic activity, the determining role was played not the total number carbon atoms in the alcohol molecule, but by the "effective length" of the carbohydrate chain. The fact that the presence of alcohols did not affect parameters of the reverse cholinesterase inhibition with onium ions tetramethylammonium and choline allows suggesting the absence of effect solvents on specific acetylcholine sorption in the enzyme active center. With aid of two rows of hydrophobic organophosphorus inhibitors (OPI), we have managed to estimate both the degree and the character itself of the modifying action of alcohols and pH on the process of irreversible inhibition of serum cholinesterase.

    4. On social femininatives in Serbian and other Slavic languages

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Piper Predrag J.

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available Social femininatives, such as Serbian pevačica, učiteljica, upravnica, available in all Slavic languages, have in recent decades become a subject of language policy based on political correctness in the field of gender relations. As part of this language policy, the requirement is put forward of creating feminine neologisms in respect of each masculine noun, designating a profession or social status. The use of the ideological and political criteria in order to change the grammatical structure of the language is typical of more or less all modern Slavic literary languages. A common feature of such language policy is their communicative and grammatical groundlessness. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 178021: Opis i standardizacija savremenog srpskog jezika

    5. Technical realisation of the VISA-II Project, Phase II, Chapter X, Vol. VI; Tehnicka realizacija projekta VISA-II, II faza, Glava X, Album VI

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Pavicevic, M; Nikolic, M [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1963-01-15

      The second phase of the 'Project VISA-2 described in this chapter of Vol. VI includes the project specifications and technical drawings of the 'measuring system of VISA-2 for testing the VISA-2 channels outside and in the reactor'. In addition to the task objective, description of the measuring system, action plan, description of the work done it contains the definition of the task 'Leak testing' and instructions for the instrumentation personnel on duty. [Serbo-Croat] Druga faza zadatka {sup T}ehnicka realizacija projekta VISA-2' opisana u ovom poglavlju Albuma VI, sadrzi tehnicki opis i crteze 'Mernog sistema VISA-2 i ispitivanje kanala VISA-2 van reaktora i u reaktoru'. Pored definicije zadatka, opisa mernog sistema VISA-2, razrade zadatka, tekstualnog dela projekta i opisa izvedenih radova, ovo poglavlje obuhvata definiciju i razradu podzadatka 'Ispitivanje hermeticnosti' i dodatak sa instrukcijama za dezurne instrumentatore u vezi eksperimenta VISA-2.

    6. Blisko tekstu – lektura krytyczna, dydaktyka uniwersytecka a teorie kulturowe

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tomasz Cieślak-Sokołowski

      2012-06-01

      Full Text Available Artykuł poświęcony jest próbie opisu miejsca interpretacji tekstu poetyckiego w dydaktyce uniwersyteckiej wobec wyzwań stawianych przez współczesne studia kulturowe. Autor podąża przede wszystkim za diagnozami amerykańskiej badaczki i krytyczki Marjorie Perloff, starając się zrekonstruować zasady, na jakich możliwa jest dziś bliska lektura tekstu poetyckiego. Artykuł zamyka opis dwóch metod aktywizujących uważną lekturę (close reading w perspektywie rozwoju nowych mediów.

    7. Advanced Field Investigations of Screw Piles and Columns / Zaawansowane Badania Terenowe Pali I Kolumn Wkrecanych

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Krasiński A.

      2011-03-01

      Full Text Available Dla potrzeb projektu badawczego „Nosnosc i praca w gruncie pali wkrecanych” finansowanego przez Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyzszego - projekt nr N N506 369234 rozpoczeto badania terenowe pali i kolumn wkrecanych. W artykule opisano badania na pierwszym zorganizowanym do tego celu poletku doswiadczalnym. Przeprowadzono na nim badania trzech pali wkrecanych z uzyciem specjalnego systemu pomiarowego oraz w połaczeniu z badaniami podłoza gruntowego za pomoca sondowan CPTU oraz z pomiarami parametrów wykonawstwa pali (moment wkrecajacy i inne. Celem badan terenowych i całego projektu badawczego jest rozpoznanie charakteru pracy pali wkrecanych w gruncie oraz okreslenie zaleznosci pomiedzy wynikami sondowan CPT a oporami wkrecania i nosnoscia pali wkrecanych. W artykule zawarto opis przebiegu oraz podstawowe wyniki wykonanych badan.

    8. Importância da avaliação e padronização analgésica em serviços de emergência Importancia de la evaluación y estandartización analgésica en servicios de emergencia Importance of pain evaluation and standardization of analgesic medication in emergency services

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ana Marial Calil

      2010-01-01

      Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Conhecer a medicação antiálgica utilizada em pacientes que sofreram acidentes de transporte, o padrão analgésico e pontuar a intensidade da dor. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, exploratório e longitudinal com abordagem quantitativa, que abrangeu 100 pacientes envolvidos em acidentes de transporte admitidos para tratamento em hospital referência para trauma. RESULTADOS: A dor foi identificada em 90,0% dos pacientes, sendo as de forte e média intensidade as mais frequentes; não se encontrou prescrição antiálgica em 48% dos casos. Maior uso medicamentoso foi encontrado em vítimas com lesões em membros e nos sete casos em que a dor foi totalmente aliviada, 5 (66,7% foram utilizados opióides. CONCLUSÃO: A dor é um fenômeno comum associado ao trauma com sub-tratamento e sub-avaliação em nosso meio, e o uso de opióides para dores reconhecidamente muito intensas ainda é um recurso pouco utilizado na emergência, mesmo em pacientes hemodinamicamente estáveis e com Escala de Coma de Gasglow=15.OBJETIVOS: Conocer los medicamentos antiálgicos utilizados en pacientes que sufrieron accidentes de transporte, conocer el estándar analgésico y dar puntajes a la intensidad del dolor. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio y longitudinal con abordaje cuantitativo, que comprendió 100 pacientes que sufrieron accidentes de transporte y fueron admitidos para tratamiento en un hospital de referencia para tratamiento de traumas. RESULTADOS: El dolor fue identificado en 90,0% de los pacientes, siendo los dolores más frecuentes los de fuerte y media intensidad; no se encontró prescripción antiálgica en 48% de los casos. El mayor uso medicamentoso fue encontrado en víctimas con lesiones en miembros y entre los siete casos en que el dolor fue totalmente aliviado, en 5 (66,7% fueron utilizados opiáceos. CONCLUSIÓN: El dolor es un fenómeno común asociado al trauma con sub-tratamiento y sub-evaluación en nuestro medio, y el uso

    9. Surface and Electrical Characterization of Conjugated Molecular Wires

      Science.gov (United States)

      Demissie, Abel Tesfahun

      This thesis describes the surface and electrical characterization of ultrathin organic films and interfaces. These films were synthesized on the surface of gold by utilizing layer by layer synthesis via imine condensation. Film growth by imine click (condensation) chemistry is particularly useful for molecular electronics experiments because it provides a convenient means to obtain and extend ?-conjugation in the growth direction. However, in the context of film growth from a solid substrate, the reaction yield per step has not been characterized previously, though it is critically important. To address these issues, my research focused on a comprehensive characterization of oligophenyleneimine (OPI) wires via Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE), reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS), and cyclic voltammetry (CV). In addition, we had the unique opportunity of developing the first of its kind implementation of nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) to probe the intensity of carbon atoms after each addition step. Overall the combination of various techniques indicated that film growth proceeds in a quantitative manner. Furthermore, the NRA experiment was optimized to measure the carbon content in self-assembled monolayers of alkyl thiols. The results indicated well-resolved coverage values for ultrathin films with consecutive steps of 2 carbon atoms per molecule. Another fundamental problem in molecular electronics is the vast discrepancy in the values of measured resistance per molecule between small and large area molecular junctions. In collaboration with researchers at the National University of Singapore, we addressed these issues by comparing the electrical properties of OPI wires with the eutectic gallium indium alloy (EGaIn) junction (1000 mum2), and conducting probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM) junction (50 nm2). Our results showed that intensive (i.e., area

    10. Dioktil Adipat (DOA 'ın Sparus aurata (Çipura karaciğer ve solungaç histolojisi üzerine etkileri.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Melih Üreten

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Polimer üretim süreçlerinde ikincil plastikleştirici olarak çok yaygın kullanılan dioktil adipat (DOA ’ın ekotoksikolojik etkileri ayrıntılı olarak araştırılmamıştır. Bu çalışmanın amacı 15 gün süreyle 250, 500 ve 750 ppm DOA’ya maruz bırakılan erkek çipura balıklarının (Sparus aurata solungaç ve karaciğerlerindeki histopatolojik değişimlerin ışık mikroskobu ile belirlenmesidir. Kontrol grubuyla karşılaştırıldığında, deneme grubu örneklerinin solungaçlarında vakuolizasyon, merkezi venada genişleme ve çarpıcı füzyon olarak ayırt edilen önemli histopatolojik değişimler gözlenmiştir. Ayrıca solungacın epitel, pillar mukus ve mitokondri zengini hücrelerinde belirgin hipertrofi ve hiperplazi de not edilmiştir. DOA’ya maruz bırakılan balıkların karaciğerlerinin incelenmesi yağlanma, fibrozis ve nekrozis olarak bir dizi hepatosellüler değişim ortaya koymuştur. Kanamaya ek olarak parankimatik sinüzoidler ve hepatopankreasın merkezi venleri genişlemiştir. Çalışma, DOA etkisinin araştırılan her iki dokuda da çoklu histolojik değişimlere yol açtığını, üstelik bu değişimlerin hepsinin uygulanan kimyasalın artan konsantrasyonuyla bağlantılı olduğunu göstermektedir. Sonuçta DOA’nın bir sucul kirletici olarak daha fazla dikkate alınması gerektiği vurgulanmıştır

    11. Nordic nuclear safety research program 1994-1997. Project coordination incl. SAM-4 general information issues. Report 1996. Plans for 1997

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      1997-04-01

      NKS (Nordic Nuclear Safety Research) is a cooperative body in nuclear safety, radiation protection and emergency preparedness. Its purpose is to carry out cost-effective Nordic projects, thus producing research results, exercises, information, recommendations, manuals etc., to be used by decision makers and other concerned staff members at authorities and within the nuclear industry. This is the annual report for 1996, the third year of the fifth four-year NKS program (1994-1997). The report also contains plans for the rest of the program period, including budget proposals. The following major fields of research have been identified: reactor safety; radioactive waste; radioecology; emergency preparedness; and information issues. A total of nine projects are now under way within that framework. One project (RAK-1) is dedicated to reactor safety strategies: how to avoid serious accidents. A parallel project (RAK-2) deals with minimizing releases in case of an accident. When can an overheated reactor core still be water-cooled? What might be the consequences of the cooling? All Nordic countries have long-lived low and medium level radioactive waste that requires final disposal. One project (AFA-1) addresses that issue. Environmental impact of radioactive releases is studied in two radioecology projects. The project on marine radioecology, including sediment research (EKO-1), encompasses sampling, analysis and modeling. These are also key issues in the project on long ecological half-lives in semi-natural systems (EKO-2). The transfer of radioactive cesium and strontium in the chains soil - vegetation - sheep and mushroom - roe deer is studied, along with freshwater systems. Long-term doses to main is the ultimate output from the obtained models. Another aspect of environmental impact is emergency preparedness. A recently started project, EKO-5, addresses the issue of early planning for cleanup operations following a fallout. 'Early' in this context means within the

    12. Indicators for wild animal offtake: methods and case study for African mammals and birds

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Daniel J. Ingram

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available Unsustainable exploitation of wild animals is one of the greatest threats to biodiversity and to millions of people depending on wild meat for food and income. The international conservation and development community has committed to implementing plans for sustainable use of natural resources and has requested development of monitoring systems of bushmeat offtake and trade. Although offtake monitoring systems and indicators for marine species are more developed, information on harvesting terrestrial species is limited. Building on approaches developed to monitor exploitation of fisheries and population trends, we have proposed two novel indicators for harvested terrestrial species: the mean body mass indicator (MBMI assessing whether hunters are relying increasingly on smaller species over time, as a measure of defaunation, by tracking body mass composition of harvested species within samples across various sites and dates; and the offtake pressure indicator (OPI as a measure of harvesting pressure on groups of wild animals within a region by combining multiple time series of the number of harvested individuals across species. We applied these two indicators to recently compiled data for West and Central African mammals and birds. Our exploratory analyses show that the MBMI of harvested mammals decreased but that of birds rose between 1966/1975 and 2010. For both mammals and birds the OPI increased substantially during the observed time period. Given our results, time-series data and information collated from multiple sources are useful to investigate trends in body mass of hunted species and offtake volumes. In the absence of comprehensive monitoring systems, we suggest that the two indicators developed in our study are adequate proxies of wildlife offtake, which together with additional data can inform conservation policies and actions at regional and global scales.

    13. Metabolism and Regulation of Glycerolipids in the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

      Science.gov (United States)

      Henry, Susan A.; Kohlwein, Sepp D.; Carman, George M.

      2012-01-01

      Due to its genetic tractability and increasing wealth of accessible data, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a model system of choice for the study of the genetics, biochemistry, and cell biology of eukaryotic lipid metabolism. Glycerolipids (e.g., phospholipids and triacylglycerol) and their precursors are synthesized and metabolized by enzymes associated with the cytosol and membranous organelles, including endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and lipid droplets. Genetic and biochemical analyses have revealed that glycerolipids play important roles in cell signaling, membrane trafficking, and anchoring of membrane proteins in addition to membrane structure. The expression of glycerolipid enzymes is controlled by a variety of conditions including growth stage and nutrient availability. Much of this regulation occurs at the transcriptional level and involves the Ino2–Ino4 activation complex and the Opi1 repressor, which interacts with Ino2 to attenuate transcriptional activation of UASINO-containing glycerolipid biosynthetic genes. Cellular levels of phosphatidic acid, precursor to all membrane phospholipids and the storage lipid triacylglycerol, regulates transcription of UASINO-containing genes by tethering Opi1 to the nuclear/endoplasmic reticulum membrane and controlling its translocation into the nucleus, a mechanism largely controlled by inositol availability. The transcriptional activator Zap1 controls the expression of some phospholipid synthesis genes in response to zinc availability. Regulatory mechanisms also include control of catalytic activity of glycerolipid enzymes by water-soluble precursors, products and lipids, and covalent modification of phosphorylation, while in vivo function of some enzymes is governed by their subcellular location. Genome-wide genetic analysis indicates coordinate regulation between glycerolipid metabolism and a broad spectrum of metabolic pathways. PMID:22345606

    14. Crash protectiveness to occupant injury and vehicle damage: An investigation on major car brands.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Huang, Helai; Li, Chunyang; Zeng, Qiang

      2016-01-01

      This study sets out to investigate vehicles' crash protectiveness on occupant injury and vehicle damage, which can be deemed as an extension of the traditional crash worthiness. A Bayesian bivariate hierarchical ordered logistic (BVHOL) model is developed to estimate the occupant protectiveness (OP) and vehicle protectiveness (VP) of 23 major car brands in Florida, with considering vehicles' crash aggressivity and controlling external factors. The proposed model not only takes over the strength of the existing hierarchical ordered logistic (HOL) model, i.e. specifying the order characteristics of crash outcomes and cross-crash heterogeneities, but also accounts for the correlation between the two crash responses, driver injury and vehicle damage. A total of 7335 two-vehicle-crash records with 14,670 cars involved in Florida are used for the investigation. From the estimation results, it's found that most of the luxury cars such as Cadillac, Volvo and Lexus possess excellent OP and VP while some brands such as KIA and Saturn perform very badly in both aspects. The ranks of the estimated safety performance indices are even compared to the counterparts in Huang et al. study [Huang, H., Hu, S., Abdel-Aty, M., 2014. Indexing crash worthiness and crash aggressivity by major car brands. Safety Science 62, 339-347]. The results show that the rank of occupant protectiveness index (OPI) is relatively coherent with that of crash worthiness index, but the ranks of crash aggressivity index in both studies is more different from each other. Meanwhile, a great discrepancy between the OPI rank and that of vehicle protectiveness index is found. What's more, the results of control variables and hyper-parameters estimation as well as comparison to HOL models with separate or identical threshold errors, demonstrate the validity and advancement of the proposed model and the robustness of the estimated OP and VP. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    15. Environmental and health risks associated with reuse of wastewater for irrigation

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Eman Shakir

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available The present study focuses on the environmental and health risks associated with the use of treated wastewater produced from Al-Rustamia third extension plant for irrigation. The measured data are used to evaluate comprehensive pollution index (CPI and organic pollution index (OPI. The average CPI was found as 0.69 which indicated to be slightly polluted for all seasons and a similar result was also obtained with OPI, which is found to slightly vary in the range 1.29–1.60 which indicates as being to be contaminated. Also to evaluate its suitability for irrigation purposes, Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR, Soluble Sodium Percentage (SSP and Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC were calculated following standard equations and found experimentally as (8.70, (74.76 and (2.68 respectively. Irrigation water classes are used for Salinity hazard (EC and Sodium hazard (SAR to assess water suitability for irrigation, and it is found that samples in summer and autumn in the class of C3-S1, indicate high salinity and low sodium water, while in spring and winter in the class of C4-S1, they indicate very high-salinity. Furthermore, the data indicate a slight to moderate degree of restriction on the use of this treated wastewater in irrigation due to chloride hazard. RSC value is more than 1.25 at all seasons, indicating that samples in summer and autumn are doubtful for irrigation purposes, while the samples in spring and winter are unsuitable for irrigation.

    16. Effect of Coating Parameters of the Buffer Layer on the Shape Ratio of TRISO-Coated Particles

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      KIm, Weon Ju; Park, Jong Hoon; Park, Ji Yeon; Lee, Young Woo; Chang, Jong Hwa

      2005-01-01

      Fuel for high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGR's) consists of TRISO-coated particles. Fluidized bed chemical vapor deposition (FBCVD) has been applied to fabricate the TRISO-coated fuel particles. The TRISO particles consist of UO 2 microspheres coated with layers of porous pyrolytic carbon (PyC), inner dense PyC (IPyC), SiC, and outer dense PyC (OPyC). The porous PyC coating layer, called the buffer layer, attenuates fission recoils and provides void volume for gaseous fission products and carbon monoxide. The buffer layer, which has the highest coating rate among the coating layers, shows the largest variation of the coating thickness within a particle and a batch. This could be the most plausible source of an asphericity in the TRISO particles. The aspherical particles are expected to have an inferior fuel performance. Miller et al. have predicted that a larger stress is developed within the coating layers and thus the failure probability increases in the particles with high aspect ratios. Therefore, the shape of the TRISO-coated particles should be controlled properly and has been one of the important inspection items for the quality control of the fabrication process. In this paper, we investigated the effect of coating parameters of the buffer layer on the shape of the TRISO particles. The flow rate of coating gas and the coating temperature were varied to control the buffer layer. The asphericity of the TRISO-coated particles was evaluated for the various coating conditions of the buffer layer, but at constant coating parameters for the IPyC/SiC/OPyC layers

    17. Overall performance assessment of a combined cycle power plant: An exergo-economic analysis

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Sahin, Ahmet Z.; Al-Sharafi, Abdullah; Yilbas, Bekir S.; Khaliq, Abdul

      2016-01-01

      Highlights: • An exergo-economic analysis is carried out for a combined cycle power plant. • An overall performance index (OPI) is defined to analyze the power plant. • Four performance indicators and three scenarios are considered in the analysis. • The optimum configuration of the power plant differs for each scenarios considered. - Abstract: An exergo-economic analysis is carried out for a combined cycle power plant using the first law and the second law of thermodynamics, and the economic principles while incorporating GT PRO/PEACE Software Packages. An overall performance index (OPI) is defined to assess and analyze the optimum operational and design configurations of the power plant. Four performance indicators are considered for the analysis; namely, energy efficiency (ENE), exergy efficiency (EXE), levelized cost of electricity (COE), and the total investment (TI) cost. Three possible scenarios are considered in which different weight factor is assigned to the performance indicators when assessing the performance. These scenarios are: (i) the conventional case in which the levelized cost of electricity is given a high priority, (ii) environmental conscious case in which the exergy efficiency is given a high priority, and (iii) the economical case in which the total cost of investment is given a high priority. It is shown that the optimum size and the configuration of the power plant differ for each scenarios considered. The selection and optimization of the size and configuration of the power plant are found to be depending on the user priorities and the weight factors assigned to the performance indicators.

    18. The Elwha Science Education Project (ESEP): Engaging an Entire Community in Geoscience Education

      Science.gov (United States)

      Young, R. S.; Kinner, F.

      2008-12-01

      Native Americans are poorly represented in all science, technology and engineering fields. This under- representation results from numerous cultural, economic, and historical factors. The Elwha Science Education Project (ESEP), initiated in 2007, strives to construct a culturally-integrated, geoscience education program for Native American young people through engagement of the entire tribal community. The ESEP has developed a unique approach to informal geoscience education, using environmental restoration as a centerpiece. Environmental restoration is an increasingly important goal for tribes. By integrating geoscience activities with community tradition and history, project stakeholders hope to show students the relevance of science to their day-to-day lives. The ESEP's strength lies in its participatory structure and unique network of partners, which include Olympic National Park; the non-profit, educational center Olympic Park Institute (OPI); a geologist providing oversight and technical expertise; and the Lower Elwha Tribe. Lower Elwha tribal elders and educators share in all phases of the project, from planning and implementation to recruitment of students and discipline. The project works collaboratively with tribal scientists and cultural educators, along with science educators to develop curriculum and best practices for this group of students. Use of hands-on, place-based outdoor activities engage students and connect them with the science outside their back doors. Preliminary results from this summer's middle school program indicate that most (75% or more) students were highly engaged approximately 90% of the time during science instruction. Recruitment of students has been particularly successful, due to a high degree of community involvement. Preliminary evaluations of the ESEP's outcomes indicate success in improving the outlook of the tribe's youth towards the geosciences and science, in general. Future evaluation will be likewise participatory

    19. Material Performance of Fully-Ceramic Micro-Encapsulated Fuel under Selected LWR Design Basis Scenarios: Final Report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Boer, B.; Sen, R.S.; Pope, M.A.; Ougouag, A.M.

      2011-01-01

      The extension to LWRs of the use of Deep-Burn coated particle fuel envisaged for HTRs has been investigated. TRISO coated fuel particles are used in Fully-Ceramic Microencapsulated (FCM) fuel within a SiC matrix rather than the graphite of HTRs. TRISO particles are well characterized for uranium-fueled HTRs. However, operating conditions of LWRs are different from those of HTRs (temperature, neutron energy spectrum, fast fluence levels, power density). Furthermore, the time scales of transient core behavior during accidents are usually much shorter and thus more severe in LWRs. The PASTA code was updated for analysis of stresses in coated particle FCM fuel. The code extensions enable the automatic use of neutronic data (burnup, fast fluence as a function of irradiation time) obtained using the DRAGON neutronics code. An input option for automatic evaluation of temperature rise during anticipated transients was also added. A new thermal model for FCM was incorporated into the code; so-were updated correlations (for pyrocarbon coating layers) suitable to estimating dimensional changes at the high fluence levels attained in LWR DB fuel. Analyses of the FCM fuel using the updated PASTA code under nominal and accident conditions show: (1) Stress levels in SiC-coatings are low for low fission gas release (FGR) fractions of several percent, as based on data of fission gas diffusion in UO 2 kernels. However, the high burnup level of LWR-DB fuel implies that the FGR fraction is more likely to be in the range of 50-100%, similar to Inert Matrix Fuels (IMFs). For this range the predicted stresses and failure fractions of the SiC coating are high for the reference particle design (500 (micro)mm kernel diameter, 100 (micro)mm buffer, 35 (micro)mm IPyC, 35 (micro)mm SiC, 40 (micro)mm OPyC). A conservative case, assuming 100% FGR, 900K fuel temperature and 705 MWd/kg (77% FIMA) fuel burnup, results in a 8.0 x 10 -2 failure probability. For a 'best-estimate' FGR fraction of 50

    20. Kecernaan In Vitro Fraksi Serat (NDF, ADF dan Selulosa Lima Jenis Rumput Laut Coklat dari Pantai Sungai Nipah Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan Sumatera Barat

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Y.L. Dewi

      2015-10-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kecernaan fraksi serat (NDF, ADF dan Selulosa lima jenis rumput laut coklat dari Pantai Sungai Nipah Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan Sumatera Barat secara in vitro. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK terdiri dari lima perlakuan rumput laut coklat yang berbeda jenis ( A = Padina australis, B = Turbinaria decurrens, C = Turbinaria murayana, D = Sargassum crassifolium dan E = Sargassum binderi dan masing-masing perlakuan diulang 3 kali sebagai kelompok. Kelompok didasarkan atas tiga kali pengambilan cairan rumen kambing yang berbeda. Parameter yang diamati pada penelitian ini adalah kecernaan NDF, kecernaan ADF dan kecernaan selulosa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 5 jenis rumput laut coklat berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01 terhadap kecernaan NDF, kecernaan ADF dan kecernaan selulosa. Hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa rumput laut Sargassum crassifolium dan Sargassum binderi memiliki kecernaan NDF tertinggi (15,65% dan 20,56% dan ADF tertinggi (15,43% dan 17,80% dibandingkan dengan jenis rumput laut coklat lainnya.

    1. PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON SPIN PHYSICS AT RHIC IN YEAR-1 AND BEYOND.

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      BLAND, L.; BOER, D.; SAITO, N.; VOGELSANG, W.

      2001-05-14

      The much anticipated RHIC spin physics program will commence this fall when the first physics run with colliding beams of polarized protons is expected. More specifically, the planned year-1 RHIC-Spin measurements are (1) the double-spin asymmetry A{sub LL}{sup {pi}} in production of pions by collisions of longitudinally polarized protons (in order to obtain first information on the proton's spin-dependent gluon density, {Delta}g); (2) the transverse single-spin asymmetry A{sub N}{sup {pi}} for pion production. These two reactions provided part of the motivation for our workshop. On the first day there were informative talks on the specific plans of STAR (by Rakness) and PHENIX (by Goto) for the polarized run of Year-1. Some of the theoretical questions related to the double-spin asymmetry A{sub LL}{sup {pi}} were discussed on the first day by Vogelsang and Kretzer, which centered mostly around the questions of how well the unpolarized fragmentation functions are known, the need for next-to-leading order calculations, and on how sensitive the asymmetry is to the possible {Delta}g distributions. Vetterli presented HERMES measurements of fragmentation functions, which overlap in Q{sup 2} with the future lower-p{sub T} measurements at RHIC.

    2. KAJIAN PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG JAHE (Zingiber officinale Rose DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP LEMAK ABDOMINAL DAN KADAR KOLESTEROLDARAH ITIK BALI AFKIR

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      T. G. B. Yadnya

      2016-10-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pemanfaatan tepung jahe (Zingiber officinale Rose dalam ransumterhadap lemak abdominal dan kolesterol darah itik bali afkir. Menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK,dengan empat perlakuan, yaitu ransum tanpa tepung jahe (A, ransum mengandung 2,91% tepung jahe (B,ransum mengandung 5,66% tepung jahe (C, dan ransum mengandung 8,26% tepung jahe (D. Setiap perlakuanterdiri atas lima kelompok, dan setiap kelompok berisi empat ekor itik bali afkir. Variabel yang diamati meliputikonsumsi ransum dan serat kasar, kadar kolesterol darah, dan lemak abdominal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkanbahwa pemberian pemberian 2,91% dan 5,66% tepung jahe dalam ransum tidak berpengaruh terhadap konsumsiransum (P>0,05, namun dengan pemberian 8,26% dapat menurunkan konsumsi ransum secara nyata (P<0,05,jika dibandingkan dengan perlakuan yang lainnya dan disertai dengan penurunan konsumsi serat kasar (P<0,05.Pemberian 2,91%, 5,66%, dan 8,26% tepung jahe dalam ransum dapat menurunkan lemak abdominal dankolesterol darah secara nyata (P<0,05 dibandingkan dengan pemberian perlakuan kontrol. Dari hasil penelitiandapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian tepung jahe dalam ransum dapat menurunkan jumlah lemak abdominal dankolesterol darah itik bali afkir.

    3. A földpiaci sajátosságok és tendenciák

      OpenAIRE

      Kurucz, Adrienn

      2010-01-01

      Az elmúlt években ugyan emelkedtek a hazai földárak, de az uniós csatlakozástól várt jelentős árnövekedés és földpiaci forgalomélénkülés elmaradt, sőt, a bérleti díjakban sem hozott átütő fordulatot. A közelmúltban erősödött a magyarországi földpiac megmozdulását várók tábora, a 2011 májusában lejáró derogáció miatt. A szakemberek optimisták, mert a lejáró derogációval kiszélesedhet a vásárlói kör. A hazai agrárgazdaság egyik legnagyobb gondja a tőkehiány, ami akadályozza a technikai és techn...

    4. Serapan Fosfor dan Pertumbuhan Kedelai(Glycine max pada Tanah Ultisol dengan Pemberian Asam Humat

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Wahyuningsih Wahyuningsih

      2017-08-01

      Full Text Available Ultisol merupakan salah satu jenis tanah asam yang memiliki kelarutan Al, Fe, dan Mn tinggi, serta kandungan P dan Moyang rendah. KelarutanAl dan Fe yangtinggiakan menjerap fosfat, sehingga ketersediaan dan serapan P bagi tanaman menjadi rendah. Salah satu upaya untuk mengatasi ketidaktersediaan P pada tanah Ultisol yaitu dengan penambahan asam humat. Asam humat merupakan makromolekul polielektrolit yang memiliki gugus fungsional seperti -COOH, -OH fenolat, maupun -OH alkoholat,sehingga asam humat memiliki kemampuan untuk membentuk kompleks dengan ion logam. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk: (1 mengetahui pengaruh asam humat terhadap serapan P dan pertumbuhan tanaman kedelai (2 menentukan konsentrasi asam humat yang paling baikdalam meningkatkan serapan P dan pertumbuhan tanaman kedelai. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimental dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK. Pengelompokan didasarkan atas perbedaan intensitas cahaya yang ada di rumah kaca. Perlakuan berupa konsentrasi asam humat, dengan 5 konsentrasi yang berbeda yaitu 0 ppm, 400 ppm, 800 ppm, 1200 ppm dan 1600 ppm. Parameter yang diukur meliputi tinggi tanaman, luas daun, bobot basah, dan bobot kering, P tersedia serta P tanaman. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakananalisis ragam pada tingkat kepercayaan 95% dan 99%. Apabila hasil perlakuan berpengaruh nyata, maka dilanjutkan dengan uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa asam humat berpengaruh terhadap serapan P dan pertumbuhan kedelai pada tanah Ultisol. Asam humat 1200 ppm merupakan perlakuan paling baik dalam meningkatkan ketersediaan P, sehingga mampu meningkatkanpertumbuhan kedelai pada tanah Ultisol.

    5. PERFORMANS KELINCI LOKAL (Lepus nigricollis YANG DIBERI RANSUM DENGAN KANDUNGAN ENERGI BERBEDA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      I M. NURIYASA

      2014-06-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui performans kelinci jantan lokal (Lepus nigricollis yang diberi ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis berbeda. Percobaan dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan empat perlakuan dan empat ulangan. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini adalah: ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 2200 K.kal/kg (R1, 2500 K.kal/kg (R2, 2800 K.kal/kg (R3 dan 3100 K.kal/kg (R4. Ransum dibuat iso protein dengan kandungan protein kasar 16%. Kelinci yang dipergunakan adalah kelinci jantan lokal lepas sapih dengan umur 4-5 minggu. Variabel yang diamati adalah koefisien cerna bahan kering, efisiensi perubahan GE menjadi DE, berat badan akhir, konsumsi ransum, pertambahan berat badan dan konsumsi air minum. Tidak terjadi perbedaan yang nyata (P>0,05 pada perlakuan ransum terhadap variabel koefisien cerna bahan kering, efisiensi perubahan GE menjadi DE dan konsumsi air minum. Kelinci yang mendapat perlakuan ransum R1 menghasilkan berat badan akhir paling rendah yang berbeda nyata (P0,05 dibandingkan dengan R4. Nilai konversi ransum pada kelinci yang mendapat perlakuan R1 paling tinggi yang berbeda nyata (P<0,05 dibandingkan dengan R2, R3 dan R4. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 2800 K.kal/kg (R3 menghasilkan performans lebih tinggi daripada 2200 K.kal/kg (R1, 2500 K.kal/kg (R2 dan 3100 K.kal/kg (R4.

    6. PENGGUNAAN KITOSAN CANGKANG BEKICOT (ACHANTINA FULICA UNTUK BAHAN PENGAWET ALAMI BERBAGAI JENIS SAYURAN SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR DALAM PERENCANAAN PEMBELAJARAN BIOTEKNOLOGI

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nur Aisyah

      2015-07-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kandungan vitamin C dan pH dalam sayuran bunga kol, kubis dan buncis yang diawetkan dengan kitosan cangkang bekicot selama proses penyimpanan dan untuk mengetahui berapakah konsentrasi kitosan cangkang bekicot yang paling efektif sebagai bahan pengawet sayuran tersebut. Kegiatan penelitian dilakukan melalui True Experimental Research. Tempat dan waktu penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Kimia Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang yang berlangsung pada tanggal 23 Juni – 6 Juli 2014. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan 6 perlakuan dan 4 kali ulangan pada bunga kol, kubis dan buncis yaitu C0, K0 dan B0 (Kontrol, C1, K1 dan B1 (0,5%, C2, K2 dan B2 (1%, C3, K3 dan B3(1,5%l, C4, K4 dan B4 (2%, C5, K5 dan B5 (2,5%, Analisis data menggunakan analisis varians satu arah dan uji beda jarak nyata Duncan pada taraf signifikansi 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada pengaruh pemberian konsentrasi kitosan cangkang bekicot (Achantina fulica terhadap perbedaan kandungan vitamin C sayuran bunga kol, kubis dan buncis dari hari per hari selama penyimpanan. Perubahan kandungan vitamin C paling kecil terjadi pada perlakuan 1,5% dan paling besar pada perlakuan kontrol. Pemberian konsentrasi kitosan cangkang bekicot (Achantina fulica 1,5% adalah yang paling efektif mempengaruhi kandungan fitamin C sayuran bunga kol, kubis dan buncis. Hasil penelitian diaplikasikan pada perencanaan pembelajaran SMA kelas XII materi bioteknologi

    7. Characteristic of physical, chemical, and microbiological kombucha from various varieties of apples

      Science.gov (United States)

      Zubaidah, E.; Yurista, S.; Rahmadani, N. R.

      2018-03-01

      Kombucha is a fermented tea beverage with the addition of kombucha starter also called SCOBY (Symbiotic Culture Of Bacteria and Yeast). The purpose of this research was to know the physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of kombucha from various varieties of apple kombucha. The study used Randomized Block Design (RAK) with one factor of apple varieties (Anna, Fuji, Granny Smith, Manalagi, Red Delicious, Rome Beauty, Royal Gala). Each treatment was repeated three times. Data was analyzed with ANOVA (Analysis of Variance). The best treatment was selected using Multiple Attribute method. Data of hedonic test was analysed using Friedman Test. The best treatment was obtained on Fuji varieties of kombucha apple with the characteristics as follows: total acid 1.33%; pH 2.95; Total phenol 268.57 μg/ml GAE; Total sugar 6.74%; Antibacterial activity against S.aureus 21.30 mm; Antibacterial activity E.coli 21.20 mm; Antioxidant activity 35.62%; Organoleptic aroma 3.55, taste 3.3; Color 3.4 (on a scale of 1-5)

    8. Ketersediaan Nitrogen Tanah dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Bayam (Amaranthus tricolor L. yang Diperlakukan dengan Pemberian Pupuk Kompos Azolla

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Lukman Amir

      2014-01-01

      Full Text Available DOWNLOAD PDFPenelitian  ini  bertujuan  untuk  mengetahui kadar  nitogen  tanah  dan  pertumbuhantanaman bayam yang diberi pupuk kompos Azolla. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancanganacak kelompok (RAK yang terdiri atas 2 kelompok, dimana tiap kelompok terdiri atas 4perlakuan dan  1  kontrol  dengan  3  ulangan.  Parameter  pengamatan adalah  pertumbuhantanaman bayam yang meliputi tinggi tanaman (cm, berat kering tanaman bayam (gram,kadar amonium (NH4+ dan nitrat (NO3- pada tanah serta kadar nitrat (NO3- air lindihan.Hasil  penelitian  menunjukkan  bahwa  pupuk  kompos  Azolla  mulai  berpengaruh  nyataterhadap  tinggi  tanaman  sejak  pengamatan  minggu  ke-tiga  dan  berpengaruh  nyata  pulaterhadap berat kering tanaman bayam. Pemberian pupuk kompos Azolla berpengaruh nyataterhadap kadar amonium dan nitrat tanah masing-masing pada minggu ke dua dan mingguke  dua  dan  ke  empat.  Disamping  itu  pemberian  pupuk  tersebut  juga  berpengaruh  nyataterhadap kadar nitrat pada air lindihan.Kata kunci : Pupuk kompos Azolla, pertumbuhan tanaman bayam, nitrogen tanah

    9. GAMBARAN STRES KERJA PEGAWAI BAGIAN REKAM MEDIS RUMAH SAKIT BHAKTI WIRATAMTAMA SEMARANG

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dewi Sartika

      2016-07-01

      Full Text Available Faktor penyebab stres kerja adalah lingkungan kerja yang kurang nyaman, konsultasi yang tidak efektif dan konflik antara tuntutan keluarga dan tuntutan instansi. Penelitian kualitatif dilakukan untuk memperoleh gambaran stres kerja pegawai bagian rekam medis rumah sakit Bhakti Wiratamtama Semarang. Jenis penelitianini adalah penelitiankualitatif deskriptif menggunakan teknik snowball sampling. Informan utama berjumlah 15 pegawai dan 2 triangulasi. Hasil yang diperoleh, yaitu informan mengeluhkan mengalami stres kerja akibat rak fililng yang kurang rapi dan pengembalian dokumen rekam medis pasien yang terlambat dan lingkungan kerja yang kurang baik. Adanya pertemuan triwulan dapat mengurangi masalah yang dihadapi oleh pegawai. Saran bagi pegawai yaitu petugas filing melakukan pemilahan dokumen rekam medis antara lembar yang akan diabadikan dan dimusnahkan. Rumah sakit disarankan dalam pembersihan berkas pasien dan penataan ruang lebih ditata dengan rapi agar pegawai nyaman dalam mobilisasi dalam bekerja.   Factors that cause occupational stress are the inconvenient occupational environment, ineffective consultation and conflict between family agency requirement. The purpose of this qualitative research is to get occupational stress overview of medical record employee in Bhakti Wiratamtama Semarang Hospital. This research method is qualitative research using snowball sampling. The informants consist of 15 key informants and 2 triangulation informants. The informans were complained about untidy shelves and late of medical record returning. Quarterly meeting to reduce this problem. Suggestion to employee was to sorting the medical record document, and to select wich one to be saved. Suggestion to hospital was to clean up patients documents and tidy up the room so the employee can work with comfort.

    10. Strategies for reactor safety. Final report

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Andersson, K

      1997-12-01

      The NKS/RAK-1 project formed part of a four-year nuclear research program (1994-1997) in the Nordic countries, the NKS Programme. The project aims were to investigate and evaluate the safety work, to increase realism and reliability of the safety analysis, and to give ideas for how safety can be improved in selected areas. An evaluation of the safety work in nuclear installations in Finland and Sweden was made, and a special effort was devoted to plant modernisation and to see how modern safety standards can be met up with. A combination of more resources and higher efficiency is recommended to meet requirements from plant modernisation and plant renovations. Both the utilities and the safety authorities are recommended to actively follow the evolving safety standards for new reactors. Various approaches to estimating LOCA frequencies have been explored. In particular, a probabilistic model for pipe ruptures due to intergranular stress corrosion has been developed. A survey has been done over methodologies for integrated sequence analysis (ISA), and different approaches have been developed and tested on four sequences. Structured frameworks for integration between PSA and behavioural sciences have been developed, which e.g. have improved PSA. The status of maintenance strategies in Finland and Sweden has been studied and a new maintenance data information system has been developed. (au) 41 refs.

    11. PENGARUH PERBEDAAN SUMBER POLEN DAN VARIETAS SALAK (Salacca zalacca Gaertner Voss. TERHADAP KUALITAS BUAH

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Achmad Zaed

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available Salak (Salacca zalacca  Gaertner Voss.  merupakantanaman yang cukup potensial dikembangkan di Bangkalan. Namun budidaya dan pengembangan tanaman salak ini belum optimal.Kualitas serbuk sari pada bunga jantan yang baik sangat menentukan kualitas buah yang dihasilkan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui  PengaruhPerbedaan Sumber Polen dan Varietas Salak  (Salacca zalacca  Gaertner Voss.  Terhadap Kualitas Buah. Penelitian ini dilakukan di kebun kelompok tani Ambudi Makmur di desa Kramat, Kecamatan Bangkalan, Kabupaten Bangkalan. Penelitian ini dimulai pada bulan Februari  -  Juli 2014. Rancangan percobaan  yang digunakan  dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK. Parameter yang diamati adalah waktu terbentuknya buah, jumlah biji yang terbentuk,  ukuran biji,  bobot biji, ukuran buah  (Diameter dan Panjang, jumlah buah yang terbentuk dalam satu  tandan, bobot buah, , bobot daging buah, bobot total buah/rtandan,  tebal daging buah, ukuran biji dan kadar gula dalam daging buah.  Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pada perbandingan sumber polen dengan varietas pada tanaman salak berpengaruh pada beberapa parameter dan umur pengamatan saja. Kata kunci : Salacca zalacca Gaertner Voss., sumber polen, varietas

    12. Pengaruh Sistem Tanam Benih Langsung (TABELA, SRI (System of Rice Intensification dan Konvensional terhadap Gulma dan Hasil Padi (Oryza sativa L.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      dessy sarfika

      2018-01-01

      Full Text Available Produksi padi pada tahun  2014 menurun dari tahun sebelumnya, tahun 2013 produksi padi mencapai 71.279.709 ton, sedangkan pada tahun 2014 produksi padi hanya mencapai 70.846.465 ton. Penurunan produksi padi dapat disebabkan oleh sistem tanam tanaman padi yang digunakan petani. Di Indonesia telah dikenal beberapa sistem tanam padi yaitu padi dengan sistem tanam benih langsung (tabela, SRI (System of Rice Intentification dan sistem konvensional. SRI termasuk dalam sistem tanam pindah (tapin bibit yang menggunakan sistem pengairan berselang namun berbeda dengan sistem tapin konvensional yang menggunakan sistem pengairan penggenangan pada lahan atau media tanam. Sistem tanam benih langsung dilakukan dengan cara menyemai benih ke lahan dengan kondisi air pada lahan macak-macak. Kondisi pengairan pada masing-masing sistem tanam yang berbeda menyebabkan adanya OPT. Salah satu OPT yang keberadaannya dipengaruhi  oleh sistem tanam yaitu gulma. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada media pot menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK yang terdiri dari 5 perlakuan yang diulang sebanyak 5 kali. Dari hasil penelitian semua perlakuan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini, perlakuan sistem tanam konvensional dengan umur bibit 16 hari merupakan perlakuan yang terbaik dikarenakan populasi gulma yang rendah serta jumlah anakan, jumlah, malai, panjang malai, jumlah bulir per malai dan berat gabah tanaman padi memiliki rerata yang tertinggi dibandingkan dengan perlakuan yang lain. Kata Kunci : Sistem tanam, gulma, hasil padi

    13. TEKNIK PENGATURAN AIR PADA INTENSIFIKASI PADI AEROB TERKENDALI-BERBASIS ORGANIK (IPAT-BO UNTUK MENINGKATKAN POPULASI RHIZOBACTERIA, EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN AIR, PERAKARAN TANAMAN, DAN HASIL TANAMAN PADI

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hingdri -

      2013-03-01

      Full Text Available Teknik pengaturan air pada budidaya tanaman padi melalui Intensifikasi Padi Aerob Terkendali-Berbasis Organik (IPAT-BO perlu dilakukan untuk meningkatkan efisiensi penggunaan air. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengtahui aktivitas rhizobacteria, tingkat efisiensi penggunaan air, perkaran tanaman, dan hasil tanaman pada berbagai teknik pengaturan air.Penelitian dilaksanakan di lahan percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Winaya Mukti, Tanjungsari pada inceptisol pada skala pot plastik. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK faktor tunggal dengan 16 perlakuan dan diulang tiga kali, yaitu terdiri dari kombinasi antara perlakuan air dan empat varietas. Perlakuan air: tinggi muka air + 5cm, 0 cm, – 5 cm dan  – 10 cm. Empat varietas: Ciherang, Sintanur, Inpari 13 dan Fatmawati..Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat pengaruhnyata terhadap populasi Rhizobacteria, perkembangan akar, dan hasil tanaman. Perlakuan tinggi muka air – 10 cm varietas Fatmawati memberikan hasil tertinggi pada volume akar 186,67 ml, populasi bakteri Azotobacter sp. (1,43 x 1010 CFU g-1, bakteri pelarut fosfat (6,07 x 108 CFU g-1, hasil tanaman tertinggi 95,9 g rumpun-1 setara dengan 9,14 ton ha-1 serta meningkatkan efisiensi penggunaan air 47,1 % dibandingkan dengan pengenangan 5 cm.Kata kunci:  Teknik pengaturan air, efisiensi penggunaan air, IPAT-BO, populasi rhizobakteria

    14. Is abandoning routine peritoneal cultures during appendectomy justified?

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Al-Saadi, A.; Al-Wadan, Ali H.; Hamarnah, Samir A.; Amin, H.

      2007-01-01

      Objective was to identify if there are any advantages of taking swab form the peritoneal fluid during appendectomy and if it has any clinical implication on the progress of diseases. Record of 160 patients who underwent appendectomy in Saqr Hospital, Rak, United Arab Emirates, from 2003-2005 and had culture and sensitivity from the peritoneal cavity were reviewed retrospectively. The macroscopic picture of the appendix, microorganism in peritoneal cultures, antibiotic and the extent using the result of the culture and sensitivity were evaluated. Patients with normal appendix who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy were excluded. Patients age ranged from 4-55 years with male to female ratio of 4:1, all had prophylactic antibiotics and standard surgical procedures; 60% had perforated appendix, 13% were gangrenous. The most common organisms cultured were, Escherichia coli and bacteroids, rate of wound infection was 5%. None of the patients had their course of antibiotics adjusted in response to the result of the swab. Swabs from the peritoneal cavity during appendectomy do not have any clinical advantage especially with the empiric use of antibiotics and the short hospital stay. (author)

    15. Strategies for reactor safety: Preventing loss of coolant accidents. Final report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Lydell, B.O.Y.

      1997-12-01

      This final report on the NKS/RAK-1.2 summarizes the main features of the PIFRAP PC-program and its intended implementation. Regardless of the preferred technical approach to LOCA frequency estimation, the analysis approach must include recognition of the following technical issues: a) Degradation and failure mechanisms potentially affecting piping systems within the reactor coolant pressure boundary (RCPB) and the potential consequences; b) In-service inspection practices and how they influence piping reliability; and c) The service experience with piping systems. The report consists of six sections and one appendix. A Nordic perspective on LOCA and nuclear safety is given. It includes summaries of results from research in material sciences and current regulatory philosophies regarding piping reliability. A summary of the LOCA concept is applied in Nordic PSA studies. It includes a discussion on deterministic and probabilistic views on LOCA. The R and D on piping reliability by SKI and the PIFRAP model is summarized. Next, Section 6 presents conclusion and recommendations. Finally, Appendix A contains a list of abbreviations and acronyms, together with a glossary of technical terms. (EG)

    16. KECERNAAN PAKAN KELINCI LOKAL (Lepus nigricollis YANG DIBERI PAKAN MULTI NUTRIENT BLOCK BERBASIS RUMPUT LAPANGAN

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      A. W. Puger

      2016-10-01

      Full Text Available Peningkatan produktivitas ternak kelinci dapat diukur dari kecernaan pakan yang diberikan dan dapat dilakukandengan memberikan suplementasi Mineral Nutrient Block (MNB. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan menggunakanRangcangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan lima kali ulangan. Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah R0: pakan kontrol(rumput lapangan dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 1830 kkal/kg dan CP:9,1%, R1: ransum kontrol yangdisuplementasi MNB 5 g/ekor/hari, R2: ransum kontrol yang disuplementasi MNB 10 g/ekor/hari, R3: ransumkontrol yang disuplementasi MNB 15 g/ekor/hari. Rumput lapangan diberikan secara ad libitum dalam bentuksegar dan dipotong-potong dengan panjang 5 cm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai cerna bahan kering,nilai cerna energi dan nilai cerna protein tertinggi pada R3 yaitu masing-masing 59,22%, 68,88% dan 43,72%.Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian Multi Nutrient Block sebanyak 15% memberikankecernaan tertinggi pada kecernaan bahan kering, energi dan protein pakan.

    17. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

      OpenAIRE

      Gürsoy, Ayşe; Şenel, Ebru; Gürsel, Asuman; Deveci, Organ; Karademir, Ebru; Yaman, Şenay

      2001-01-01

      Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ) de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. gü...

    18. Kaybolmuş bir İçecek Kefir

      OpenAIRE

      Zekâi Varnacı

      2015-01-01

      Kafkasya’da bir parça dana veya koyun şirdeni keçi tulumlarında inek sütüyle maserasyona bırakılarak hazırlanır. Süt çabuk ve spontan olarak koagüle olur. Bundan sonra tulum yeniden doldurularak yeni bir işleme geçilir. Birkaç hafta sonra tulumun iç cidarlarında yavaş yavaş süngerimsi bir kabuk tabakası oluşur. İşte bu kabuk tabakası bölünüp veya kasılıp, sonra kurutularak kefir daneleri meydana getirilir. Danelerin görünüşü sarımsı, küçük, tomurcuğumsudur. Bu daneler kefirin hazırlanmasında ...

    19. Kaybolmuş bir İçecek Kefir

      OpenAIRE

      Varnacı, Zekai

      1980-01-01

      Kafkasya’da bir parça dana veya koyun şirdeni keçi tulumlarında inek sütüyle maserasyona bırakılarak hazırlanır. Süt çabuk ve spontan olarak koagüle olur. Bundan sonra tulum yeniden doldurularak yeni bir işleme geçilir. Birkaç hafta sonra tulumun iç cidarlarında yavaş yavaş süngerimsi bir kabuk tabakası oluşur. İşte bu kabuk tabakası bölünüp veya kasılıp, sonra kurutularak kefir daneleri meydana getirilir. Danelerin görünüşü sarımsı, küçük, tomurcuğumsudur. Bu daneler kefirin hazırlanmasınd...

    20. Kaybolmuş bir İçecek Kefir

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Zekâi Varnacı

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Kafkasya’da bir parça dana veya koyun şirdeni keçi tulumlarında inek sütüyle maserasyona bırakılarak hazırlanır. Süt çabuk ve spontan olarak koagüle olur. Bundan sonra tulum yeniden doldurularak yeni bir işleme geçilir. Birkaç hafta sonra tulumun iç cidarlarında yavaş yavaş süngerimsi bir kabuk tabakası oluşur. İşte bu kabuk tabakası bölünüp veya kasılıp, sonra kurutularak kefir daneleri meydana getirilir. Danelerin görünüşü sarımsı, küçük, tomurcuğumsudur. Bu daneler kefirin hazırlanmasında maya olarak kullanılmak üzere ticarete arzedilir.

    1. Characterization of four arginine kinases in the ciliate Paramecium tetraurelia: Investigation on the substrate inhibition mechanism.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Yano, Daichi; Suzuki, Takaya; Hirokawa, Saki; Fuke, Kyoko; Suzuki, Tomohiko

      2017-08-01

      The ciliate Paramecium tetraurelia contains four arginine kinase genes (AK1-4). We detected cDNA for only three of the AKs (AK1-3) via PCR. Recombinant AK1-4 were expressed in Escherichia coli and their kinetics parameters determined. AK3 showed typical substrate inhibition toward arginine, and enzymatic activity markedly decreased when arginine concentration increased. This is the first example of substrate inhibition in wild-type phosphagen kinases. To explore the substrate inhibition mechanism, site-directed mutations were generated, targeting the amino acid sequence D-D-S-Q-V at positions 77-81 in P. tetraurelia AK3. Among the mutants, substrate inhibition was lost remarkably in the S79A mutant. In spite of high amino acid sequence identity (91%) between P. tetraurelia AK3 and AK4, the enzymatic activity of AK4 was less by 3% than that of AK3. We noticed that the conservative G298 was unusually replaced by R in P. tetraurelia AK4, and we constructed two mutants, R298G/AK4 and G298R/AK3. Enzymatic activity of the former mutant was comparable with that of the wild-type AK3, whereas that of the latter mutant was dramatically reduced. Thus, we concluded that the significantly low activity of P. tetraurelia AK4 is due to the residue R298. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    2. MUON DETECTORS: CSC

      CERN Multimedia

      J. Hauser

      2011-01-01

      The CSC detector continued to operate well during the March-June 2011 period. As the luminosity has climbed three orders of magnitude, the currents drawn in the CSC high-voltage system have risen correspondingly, and the current trip thresholds have been increased from 1 μA to 5 μA (and 20 in ME1/1 chambers). A possible concern is that a long-lasting and undesirable corona is capable of drawing about 1 μA, and thus may not be detected by causing current trips; on the other hand it is easily dealt with by cycling HV when detected. To better handle coronas, software is being developed to better detect them, although a stumbling block is the instability of current measurements in some of the channels of the CAEN supplies used in ME1/1. A survey of other issues faced by the CSC Operations team was discussed at the 8th June 2011 CSC Operations/DPG meeting (Rakness). The most important issues, i.e. those that have caused a modest amount of downtime, are all being actively addressed. These are:...

    3. The accuracy of MRI in assessing graft integrity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Nakayama, Yoshihito; Shirai, Yasumasa; Narita, Tetsuya; Mori, Atsushi; Kobayashi, Kaoru

      2001-01-01

      To evaluate the efficacy of MRI in assessing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction graft integrity, we compared MRI findings with arthroscopic findings in 52 patients who had undergone arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction using semitendinosus and gracilis tendons augmented by woven polyester. MRI and arthroscopy were carried out 12 months after the operation. The MR appearance of ACL grafts was categorized into 3 types by signal intensity and continuity of the ligament according to Rak's method: well-defined type: the graft was visualized as a smoothly continuous band with low signal over the entire course; intermediate type: signal intensity increased and a low-signal band was visualized only in part of the graft; indiscernible type: the graft was not identified through the joint cavity due to markedly increased signal intensity. When the MR appearance of intermediate or indiscernible types was defined as torn, the grafts were presumed to be torn in 9 patients whose arthroscopic findings were 7 intact and 2 torn grafts. All cases with intact MRI findings were intact on arthroscopic examination. Thus, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI as an evaluative tool for ACL graft tears were 100%, 86% and 86.5%, respectively. (author)

    4. Investigation of humic acid effects versus cadmium toxicity on hematological paramaters of Brown Trout (Salmo trutta fario.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      E.Mahmut Kocaman

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, kahverengi alabalıklarda (Salmo trutta fario Linneaus, 1792 kadmiyum toksisitesine karşı humik asitin koruyucu etkisi bazı hematolojik parametreler açısından araştırılmıştır. Balıklar kadmiyum ve/veya humik asite (2ppm Cd, 2ppm Cd+ 5 ppm humik asit ve kontrol 7 gün boyunca maruz bırakılmışlardır. Deneme periyodu sonunda hematolojik parametrelerden hemoglobin, hematokrit, eritrosit, eritrosit başına düşen ortalama hemoglobin miktarı (MCH, ortalama eritrosit hacmi (MCV ve eritrosit başına düşen ortalama hemoglobin konsantrasyonu (MCHC değerlerinde meydana gelen değişimler incelenmiştir. İstatistiki açıdan tüm parametrelerde gruplar arası fark belirlenmiş olsa da kırmızı kan hücresi (RBC, hematokrit, trombosit sayısı, MCV ve MCH parametreleri p

    5. KAJIAN PENGGUNAAN EKSTRAK SUSU KEDELAI TERHADAP KUALITAS KEFIR SUSU KAMBING

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M. E Sawitri

      2012-04-01

      Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian untuk mengkaji kualitas kefir susu kambing yang telah diberi perlakuan penggunaan ekstrak susu kedelai ditinjau dari nilai pH, viskositas, kadar protein,kadar lemak dan kadar isoflavon. Hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat memberikan informasi bagi praktisi dan industri tentang kualitas kefir susu kambing sebagai bahan pangan yang dapat menunjang kesehatan. Materi penelitian adalah kefir susu kambing  yang diberi perlakuan penambahan ekstrak susu kedelai sebesar 10% (K1,20%(K2 dan 30%(K3 dari volume kefir susu kambing. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode percobaan dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK. Parameter yang dikaji adalah nilai pH, viskositas, kadar protein,kadar lemak dan kadar isoflavon kefir susu kambing. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  penambahan ekstrak susu kedelai tidak memberikan perbedaan pengaruh yang nyata (P>0,05  terhadap nilai pH, memberikan perbedaan pengaruh yang sangat nyata (P0,05 on pH and that each treatments were given highly significant effect (P<0,01 on protein,fat and isoflavon content of goat milk kefir. The conclusion of this research was addition of soymilk extract had increase quality of goat milk kefir.   Keywords : goat milk kefir, soymilk extract

    6. PENGARUH UMUR BAHAN SETEK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN SETEK AKOR (Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Ex Benth

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      nurmawati siregar

      2016-09-01

      Full Text Available Akor (Acacia auriculiformis termasuk salah satu jenis sumber energi biomassa mempunyai prospek yang baik untuk dikembangkan. Salah satu faktor yang menentukan keberhasilan untuk pengembangannya adalah ketersediaan bibit bermutu. Bibit bermutu dapat diperoleh dari perbanyakan generatif (biji dan vegetatif (setek. Melalui setek dapat diproduksi bibit bermutu dalam jumlah yang cukup, setiap waktu dan tidak tergantung dengan musim. Salah satu faktor yang menentukan keberhasilan perbanyakan vegetatif dengan setek adalah juvenilitas (umur bahan setek, oleh karena itu dilakukan penelitian pengaruh umur bahan setek. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan perlakuan umur bahan setek yaitu umur 2,3,4 dan 5 bulan, ulangan tiga kali dan setiap unit perlakuan terdiri dari 45 setek. Respon pertumbuhan yang diamati meliputi: waktu tumbuh tunas setek, persentase tumbuh setek, panjang akar, jumlah akar, panjang tunas, berat kering akar, berat kering tunas, ratio tunas dengan akar dan analisis ratio C/N. Umur bahan setek berpengaruh nyata terhadap semua parameter yang diamati kecuali persen tumbuh setek. Bahan setek yang paling optimal digunakan untuk jenis akor adalah pada umur 3 - 4 bulan.

    7. Culturally-grounded mother-daughter communication-focused intervention for Thai female adolescents.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Powwattana, Arpaporn; Thammaraksa, Pimrat; Manora, Sroy

      2018-02-05

      Teenage pregnancy-prevention interventions have fallen short in significantly decreasing risk of pregnancy for Thai populations. The "breaking the voice" ("rak luk khun tong pood") culture-appropriate teenage pregnancy-prevention program was developed using community-based research. Qualitative analyses of focus group data identified salient factors related to sexual communication and behavior. The integration of focus group results with theoretical constructs guided the development of an intervention to reduce risky sexual behavior by increasing communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters. A total of 157 mother-daughter dyads from congested areas in Bangkok participated in pilot testing of the intervention by the use of a survey. The findings indicated a significant increase in the frequency of and number of sexual risk communication (P assertiveness, and ability to decrease sexual risk among daughters (P < .05). "Breaking the voice" represents a female-focused and culturally-relevant intervention to combat teenage pregnancy. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

    8. Nutrient uptake of NPK and result of some rice varieties in tidal land by using combination of organic and inorganic fertilizer

      Science.gov (United States)

      Marlina, Neni; Rompas, Joni Phillep; Marlina, Musbik

      2017-09-01

      Rice planting in tidal land has two main problems: iron (Fe) which has the potential to poison rice and low nutrient availability. Azospirillum enriched chicken manure and phosphate solvent bacteria (Biological Organic Fertilizer = BOF) is an option to overcome iron toxicity and as a source of nutrition. The objective of the study was to obtain a combination of biological organic fertilizers and balanced inorganic fertilizers in reducing doses of inorganic fertilizers, increasing NPK nutrient uptake and yield of several rice varieties in tidal land. This research used Factorial RAK with 25 treatment combinations that were repeated three times. Factor I is a combination of BOF and anorganic fertilizer with 5 levels of treatment (no inorganic fertilizers, BOF 400 kg / ha with inorganic fertilizer 25% NPK, BOF 400 kg / ha with inorganic fertilizer 50% NPK and BOF 400 kg / ha with fertilizer Inorganic 75% NPK). Factor II is several rice varieties (IPB 4S, Martapura, Margasari, Inpara 5, Inpara 7). The results showed that organic fertilizer 400 kg / ha can reduce the use of inorganic fertilizer by 75% of NPK fertilizer. The highest NPK nutrient absorption is in the treatment of organic fertilizer 400 kg / ha and inorganic fertilizer 25% of NPK fertilizer. Production of biological organic fertilizer 400 kg / ha with inorganic fertilizer 25% NPK and 4B IPB varieties 727.77% higher when compared with without the provision of organic fertilizer with Inpara 5 varieties.

    9. PENGEMBANGAN DAN PERANCANGAN TEMPAT TIDUR BAYI (BABY BOX YANG ERGONOMIS MENGGUNAKAN SOFTWARE AUTOCAD DENGA PENDEKATAN DATA ANTROPOMETRI

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Agung Kristanto

      2011-01-01

      Full Text Available Dengan semakin majunya sistem informasi diluar maupun didalamnegeri, Kini masyarakat lebih memperhatikan atau tertarik pada produk-produk yang dihasilkan harus lebih mempunyai nilai ringkas atau flexibledan tentunya sesuai dengan harga dari produk tersebut, Hal ini menjadisebuah acuan bagi pengembang inovasi produk yang mementingkankeinginan masyarakat untuk mendapatkan kekuatan dari kalangan konsumen,Dengan mempertimbangkan usulan dari para orang tua maka penulismencoba menawarkan prototype tempat tidur balita yang sesuai dengandimensi antropometri tubuh bayi di Indonesia. Dengan maksud tempat tidurbayi tersebut mampu memberikan kenyamanan dan keamanan bagi bayi,khususnya kepuasan bagi para orang tua dalam mengasuh atau memfasilitasianaknya. Metodologi penelitian dilakukan dengan penggalian data dariresponden menggunakan metode Quality Funcion Deployment (QFD untukmengetahui keinginan dari konsumen, serta data antropometri untukmengetahui persentil dari ukuran yang diperlukan untuk merancang TempatTidur Bayi (Baby Box yang sesuai dengan dimensi tubuh bayi di Indonesia.Hasil penelitian ini dapat diketahui atribut-atribut tempat tidur bayi yangsesuai dengan keinginan pelanggan meliputi : Tempat tidur mampu menahanberat dan gerakan bayi, Dilengkapi dengan kain tile pelindung dari gigitannyamuk, Adanya rak tempat untuk menyimpan pakaian bayi, Warna tempattidur yang cerah, Adanya kantong tas sehingga mudah dibawa. Ukurantempat tidur bayi dikembangkan berdasarkan penerapan data antropometridengan menggunakan persentil 5-th dan 95-th sehingga diperoleh ukurantinggi tempat tidur bayi adalah 80cm, panjang 110 cm, dan lebar 80cm. 

    10. Description of the advanced gas cooled type of reactor (AGR)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Nonboel, E. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark)

      1996-11-01

      The present report comprises a technical description of the Advanced Gas cooled Reactor (AGR), a reactor type which has only been built in Great Britain. 14 AGR reactors have been built, located at 6 different sites and each station is supplied with twin-reactors. The Torness AGR plant on the Lothian coastline of Scotland, 60 km east of Edinburgh, has been chosen as the reference plant and is described in some detail. Data on the other 6 stations, Dungeness B, Hinkely Point B, Hunterston G, Hartlepool, Heysham I and Heysham II, are given only in tables with a summary of design data. Where specific data for Torness AGR has not been available, corresponding data from other AGR plans has been used, primarily from Heysham II, which belongs to the same generation of AGR reactors. The information presented is based on the open literature. The report is written as a part of the NKS/RAK-2 subproject 3: `Reactors in Nordic Surroundings`, which comprises a description of nuclear power plants neighbouring the Nordic countries. (au) 11 refs.

    11. PENGARUH KOMBINASI MACAM ZPT DENGAN LAMA PERENDAMAN YANG BERBEDA TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN PEMBIBITAN SIRIH MERAH (Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav SECARA STEK

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Eko Anang Budianto

      2013-09-01

      Full Text Available Medicinal plants is one of Indonesia's agricultural potential to be developed and one of the medicinal plants that have bright prospects for the development of red betel, because in addition to be consumed as a medicinal plant, also as an ornamental plant. Effect of combination treatment with a long range of ZPT different immersion able to stimulate root growth in cuttings of red betel. This study aims to determine the effect of PGR combination with a long range of different immersion to the successful breeding of red betel cuttings. The study was conducted at the experimental farm of Agricultural Faculty of the University Trunojoyo Madura, in January to April 2012. The research method used was Randomized Design Group (RAK single factor with seven treatments and repeated four times. Range of ZPT is used there are two, namely IBA and NAA, while the use of immersion time is one hour, two hours and three hours. The results showed that the IBA with a three-hour long immersion gives a significant influence on the variable root length, root number and root dry weight, whereas NAA with the old one-hour immersion is a very real influence on the observations of variable length and dry weight of leaf buds.Keyword : red betel, ZPT, IBA, NAA

    12. A cognitive task analysis of the SGTR scenario

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Hollnagel, E.; Edland, A.; Svenson, O.

      1996-04-01

      This report constitutes a contribution to the NKS/RAK-1:3 project on Integrated Sequence Analysis. Following the meeting at Ringhals, the work was proposed to be performed by the following three steps: Task 1. Cognitive Task Analysis of the E-3 procedure. Task 2. Evaluation and revision of task analysis with Ringhals/KSU experts. Task 3. Integration with simulator data. The Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) of Task 1 uses the Goals-Means Task Analysis (GMTA) method to identify the sequence of tasks and task steps necessary to achieve the goals of the procedure. It is based on material supplied by Ringhals, which describes the E-3 procedure, including the relevant ES and ECA procedures. The analysis further outlines the cognitive demands profile associated with individual task steps as well as with the task as a whole, as an indication of the nominal task load. The outcome of the cognitive task analysis provides a basis for proposing an adequate event tree. This report describes the results from Task 1. The work has included a two-day meeting between the three contributors, as well as the exchange of intermediate results and comments throughout the period. After the initial draft of the report was prepared, an opportunity was given to observe the SGTR scenario in a full-scope training simulator, and to discuss the details with the instructors. This led to several improvements from the initial draft. (EG)

    13. EFEKTIVITAS AGENS PENGENDALI HAYATI DAN INSEKTISIDA SINTETIK TERHADAP HAMA TANAMAN PADI DI KECAMATAN MAYANG KABUPATEN JEMBER

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Suci Maghfiratul

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available ABSTRAKPadi (Oryza sativa L merupakan komoditas tanaman pangan utama di Indonesia. Hambatan dalam produksi padi yaitu serangan Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman (OPT. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui efektivitas APH (Agens Pengendali Hayati dalam mengendalikan OPT serta mengetahui pengaruh pengendalian APH terhadap produksi padi. Penelitian dilakukan di lahan pertanaman padi di Kecamatan Mayang, Kabupaten Jember pada bulan juni sampai september 2014. Penelitian dirancang dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK yang terdiri 5 perlakuan yaitu: P1 = Nematoda Entomopatogen (NEP, P2 = Beauveria bassiana, P3 = Bakteri Merah Serratia spp., P4 = Insektisida, dan P5 = Kontrol setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 5 kali. Parameter yang diamati meliputi jenis hama pada tanaman padi: belalang hijau, kepik hijau, dan walang sangit, populasi hama pada tanaman padi, produksi padi yang meliputi berat basah dan berat kering hasil panen padi. Hasil pengematan menunjukkan bahwa berbagai jenis APH memiliki pengaruh yang tidak signifikan terhadap penurunan populasi hama belalang hijau (Oxya sp dengan rerata populasi mencapai 4,12 ekor/10rumpun, populasi kepik hijau (Nezara viridula dengan rerata 0,56 ekor/10rumpun dan walang sangit (Leptocorisa oratorius F. dengan rerata 4,76 ekor/10rumpun diakhir pengamatan (91 HST. Hasil berat gabah kering sawah dan berat gabah kering giling terbanyak yaitu pada perlakuan P4 (Insektisida sebesar 532 gram dan 432 gram, sedangkan hasil produksi terkecil pada perlakuan P3 (Bakteri merah sebesar 468 gram dan 390 gram.Kata kunci: Padi, Hama, Agens hayati 

    14. Akkeçi oğlaklarında doğum ve sütten kesim ağırlığına etki eden bazı çevre faktörleri üzerine araştırmalar

      OpenAIRE

      KAHRAMAN, Züleyha

      1991-01-01

       Bu araştırmada, Akkeçi oğlaklarında doğum ve sütten kesim ağırlıkları üzerine ana yaşı, cinsiyet, doğum şekli, ananın vücut ağırlığı ve bunlara ek ola rak oğlakların doğumdaki ağırlıklarının sütten kesim ağırlığına etkileri incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın ma teryalini Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Zootekni Bölümü' nde yetiştirilen çeşitli yaştaki Akkeçiler ve bunlardan elde edilen oğlaklar oluşturmuştur. Yapılan önem kontrolleri sonucunda; oğlakların doğum ağ...

    15. Description of the advanced gas cooled type of reactor (AGR)

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Nonboel, E.

      1996-11-01

      The present report comprises a technical description of the Advanced Gas cooled Reactor (AGR), a reactor type which has only been built in Great Britain. 14 AGR reactors have been built, located at 6 different sites and each station is supplied with twin-reactors. The Torness AGR plant on the Lothian coastline of Scotland, 60 km east of Edinburgh, has been chosen as the reference plant and is described in some detail. Data on the other 6 stations, Dungeness B, Hinkely Point B, Hunterston G, Hartlepool, Heysham I and Heysham II, are given only in tables with a summary of design data. Where specific data for Torness AGR has not been available, corresponding data from other AGR plans has been used, primarily from Heysham II, which belongs to the same generation of AGR reactors. The information presented is based on the open literature. The report is written as a part of the NKS/RAK-2 subproject 3: 'Reactors in Nordic Surroundings', which comprises a description of nuclear power plants neighbouring the Nordic countries. (au) 11 refs

    16. PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON SPIN PHYSICS AT RHIC IN YEAR-1 AND BEYOND

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      BLAND, L.; BOER, D.; SAITO, N.; VOGELSANG, W.

      2001-01-01

      The much anticipated RHIC spin physics program will commence this fall when the first physics run with colliding beams of polarized protons is expected. More specifically, the planned year-1 RHIC-Spin measurements are (1) the double-spin asymmetry A LL π in production of pions by collisions of longitudinally polarized protons (in order to obtain first information on the proton's spin-dependent gluon density, Δg); (2) the transverse single-spin asymmetry A N π for pion production. These two reactions provided part of the motivation for our workshop. On the first day there were informative talks on the specific plans of STAR (by Rakness) and PHENIX (by Goto) for the polarized run of Year-1. Some of the theoretical questions related to the double-spin asymmetry A LL π were discussed on the first day by Vogelsang and Kretzer, which centered mostly around the questions of how well the unpolarized fragmentation functions are known, the need for next-to-leading order calculations, and on how sensitive the asymmetry is to the possible Δg distributions. Vetterli presented HERMES measurements of fragmentation functions, which overlap in Q 2 with the future lower-p T measurements at RHIC

    17. Efektifitas Fungsida Berbahan Aktif Pyraclostrobin 50 G/KG + Metiram G/KG untuk Mengendalikan Penyakit Embun Tepung (Podosphaera leucotrica Pada Tanaman Apel

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Eli Korlina

      2016-03-01

      Full Text Available Pengujian efektifitas fungisida berbahan aktif pyraclostrobin 50 g/kg+metiram 550g/kg untuk mengendalian  penyakit embun tepung (Podosphaera leucotricha pada tanaman apel telah dilaksanakan di kebun apel milik petani Desa Wringinanom, Kecamatan Poncokusumo, Kabupaten Malang yang beriklim tinggi kering dengan ketinggian tempat ±  850 diatas permukaan laut (dpl, mulai bulan Pebruari sampai dengan April 2011, menggunakan kultivar apel  Manalagi yang telah berumur 8-10 tahun.  Perlakuan terdiri atas Fungisida berbahan aktif pyraclostrobin 50 g/kg+metiram 550g/kg dengan 4 (empat tingkat konsentrasi yaitu 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; dan 2,0 g/l air, dan kontrol (tanpa perlakuan, disusun dalam rancangan acak kelompok  (RAK dan diulang 4 kali. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa Fungisida berbahan aktif pyraclostrobin 50 g/kg+metiram 550g/kg konsentrasi 0,5-2 g/l air telah efektif mengendalikan penyakit embun tepung P. leucotricha pada tanaman apel dengan penekanan  serangan sebesar 44,42-54,73%.  Rata-rata produksi buah apel berkisar antara 8,49 – 10,38 kg/pohon. Tanaman apel yang diaplikasi dengan fungisida tersebut tidak mengalami fitotoksisitas.Kata Kunci: Apel, penyakit embun tepung (Podosphaera leucotricha.

    18. Strategies for reactor safety. Final report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Andersson, K.

      1997-12-01

      The NKS/RAK-1 project formed part of a four-year nuclear research program (1994-1997) in the Nordic countries, the NKS Programme. The project aims were to investigate and evaluate the safety work, to increase realism and reliability of the safety analysis, and to give ideas for how safety can be improved in selected areas. An evaluation of the safety work in nuclear installations in Finland and Sweden was made, and a special effort was devoted to plant modernisation and to see how modern safety standards can be met up with. A combination of more resources and higher efficiency is recommended to meet requirements from plant modernisation and plant renovations. Both the utilities and the safety authorities are recommended to actively follow the evolving safety standards for new reactors. Various approaches to estimating LOCA frequencies have been explored. In particular, a probabilistic model for pipe ruptures due to intergranular stress corrosion has been developed. A survey has been done over methodologies for integrated sequence analysis (ISA), and different approaches have been developed and tested on four sequences. Structured frameworks for integration between PSA and behavioural sciences have been developed, which e.g. have improved PSA. The status of maintenance strategies in Finland and Sweden has been studied and a new maintenance data information system has been developed. (au)

    19. The "oligoanalgesia problem" in the emergency care O "problema oligoanalgesia" no cuidado da emergência

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ana Maria Calil

      2007-01-01

      Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Pain is a common occurrence in trauma victims that provokes harmful effects on the body. However, there is a gap in the literature about this problem, which is still underevaluated and undertreated in Brazil, especially concerning the use of opioids. OBJECTIVES: To estimate pain intensity and the use of analgesia in traffic accident victims. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study, involving 100 accident victims (traffic accidents, who were interviewed at 2 separate posttraumatic moments, in a reference hospital of the city of São Paulo. All the medications used for these victims were recorded. All patients displayed a Glasgow Coma Scale (ECGl of 15, had stable hemodynamic parameters, and were brought directly from the scene of the accident. RESULTS: Pain of moderate and severe intensity (in 90% of cases was the most noted. After a 3-hour period, a significant number of patients with pain (48% continued without analgesia, and few opioids were used. CONCLUSION: Pain is a common event associated with trauma. It is still undertreated and underevaluated in Brazil, and the use of opioids for admittedly very severe pain is not frequently employed in the Emergency Service even in hemodynamically stable patients and with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15.INTRODUÇÃO: A dor é um evento comum em vítimas de trauma com efeitos nocivos ao organismo, no entanto, há uma lacuna na literatura sobre essa problemática ainda sub-avaliada e sub-tratada em nosso meio, sobretudo na utilização de opióides. OBJETIVOS: Aferir a intensidade dolorosa e o uso da analgesia em vítimas de acidentes de transportes. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo, envolvendo 100 vítimas de causas externas (acidentes de transporte, que foram entrevistadas em dois momentos distintos pós-trauma em um hospital de referência no Município de São Paulo.. Foram anotadas todas as medicações em uso para essas vítimas. Todos os pacientes tinham Escala de Coma de Gasglow

    20. Los sectores institucionales en la producción científica española de difusión internacional

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      González–Albo, Borja

      2016-03-01

      Full Text Available Institutional sectors —groups of centers with similar characteristics and types of R&D— constitute an interesting unit of analysis that can also serve as a useful framework for benchmarking purposes in R&D studies. The analysis of Spanish scientific output included in the Web of Science database (2000–2011 shows the predominance of Universities (66%, followed by the Public Research Organisations (OPI (23% and the Health Sector (18%. Non–profit organizations (ESAL (10%, which include both Traditional Entities with non-Profit Aims (ETSAL and new Research Structures with non-Profit Aims (EISAL, show the highest impact values, regardless of whether indicators based on impact factors (normalised position, percentage of articles in the first quartile or on citations are used. Universities present a more evenly distributed thematic profile and it is the only sector specialized in fields such as Social Sciences, Humanities or Mathematics, while the Health Sector is highly specialized in Clinical Medicine. During the period studied, the different sectors tended to increase their scientific production, to publish in higher impact factor journals and to intensify the level of collaboration and internationalization of their publications. Especially noteworthy is the strong rise of non–profit organizations, in particular the case of EISAL, which conduct high impact research mainly in Biomedicine. No relationship has been found between the areas in which the sectors are specialized and those in which they obtain the highest impact.Los sectores institucionales, como agrupaciones de centros con características similares en su actividad y orientación a la investigación, constituyen una interesante unidad de análisis que puede servir además como marco de referencia en los estudios de I+D. El análisis de la producción científica de España (2000–2011 recogida en la base de datos Web of Science permite observar el predominio del sector

    1. Associação de fentanil ou sufentanil à bupivacaína a 0,5% isobárica em raquianestesia: estudo comparativo

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Neves José Francisco Nunes Pereira das

      2002-01-01

      Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Desde a descoberta dos receptores opióides e um maior entendimento da neurofarmacologia da medula espinhal em relação à transmissão e inibição do impulso nociceptivo, tem aumentado o interesse na utilização de drogas por via subaracnóidea, em Anestesiologia e tratamento da dor. O presente estudo tem como finalidade avaliar prospectivamente a eficácia clínica da adição de fentanil (25 µg e sufentanil (5 µg à bupivacaína isobárica (10 mg,em pacientes submetidos à raquianestesia para tratamento cirúrgico de varizes de MMII. MÉTODO: Participaram do estudo 60 pacientes, estado físico ASA I e II, com idades abaixo de 60 anos, submetidos à raquianestesia para tratamento cirúrgico de varizes e divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos: B (bupivacaína isobárica 10 mg, BF (bupivacaína isobárica 10 mg e fentanil 25 µg e BS (bupivacaína isobárica 10 mg e sufentanil 5 µg.A raquianestesia foi realizada em decúbito lateral esquerdo, punção lombar entre L3-L4, com agulha de Quincke 27G. Após a raquianestesia foram avaliados: tempo de latência, o nível de bloqueio sensitivo e bloqueio motor. No período per-operatório foram anotados: hipotensão arterial, bradicardia, depressão respiratória, diminuição da saturação periférica da hemoglobina pelo oxigênio, náuseas, vômitos, prurido e tremor. No período pós-operatório foi pesquisado o tempo de analgesia. RESULTADOS: Os grupos foram homogêneos. O tempo de latência, o bloqueio motor e o tempo de analgesia não apresentaram diferença significativa. O nível de bloqueio sensitivo mostrou diferença entre o grupo controle e os grupos contendo opióides em todos os momentos estudados. Prurido foi o efeito colateral mais freqüente nos grupos contendo opióides. CONCLUSÕES: A adição de fentanil (25 µg e sufentanil (5 µg à bupivacaína a 0,5% isobárica (10 mg em raquianestesia altera o nível de bloqueio sensitivo.

    2. Hot deformation behavior and hot working characteristic of Nickel-base electron beam weldments

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Ning, Yongquan, E-mail: ningke521@163.com [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072 (China); Yao, Zekun; Guo, Hongzhen [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072 (China); Fu, M.W. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

      2014-01-25

      Highlights: • The Hot deformation behavior of electron beam (EB) Nickel-base weldments was investigated. • The constitutive equation represented by temperature, strain rate and true strain was developed. • Processing map approach was adopted to optimize the hot forging process of EB weldments. • True strain has a great effect on the efficiency of power dissipation (η). -- Abstract: The electron beam welding (EBW) of Nickel-base superalloys was conducted, and the cylindrical compression specimens were machined from the central part of the electron beam (EB) weldments. The hot deformation behavior of EB weldments was investigated at the temperature of 960–1140 °C and the strain rate of 0.001–1.0 s{sup −1}. The apparent activation energy of deformation was calculated to be 400 kJ/mol, and the constitutive equation that describes the flow stress as a function of strain rate and deformation temperature was proposed for modeling of the hot deformation process of EB weldments. The processing map approach was adopted to investigate the deformation mechanisms during the hot plastic deformation and to optimize the processing parameters of EB weldments. It is found that the true strain has a significant effect on the efficiency of power dissipation (η). The η value in the safe processing domain (1140 °C, 1.0 s{sup −1}) increases from 0.32 to 0.55. In the unsafe processing domain (1080 °C, 0.001 s{sup −1}), however, the η value greatly decreases with the increase of strain. When the strain is 0.40, the efficiency of power dissipation becomes negative. The flow instability is predicted to occur since the instability parameter ξ(ε) becomes negative. The hot deformation of EB weldments can be carried out safely in the domain with the strain rate range of 0.1–1.0 s{sup −1} and the temperature range of 960–1140 °C. When the height reduction is about 50%, the optimum processing condition is (T{sub opi}: 1140 °C, ε{sub opi}: 1.0 s{sup −1}) with

    3. Hot deformation behavior and hot working characteristic of Nickel-base electron beam weldments

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Ning, Yongquan; Yao, Zekun; Guo, Hongzhen; Fu, M.W.

      2014-01-01

      Highlights: • The Hot deformation behavior of electron beam (EB) Nickel-base weldments was investigated. • The constitutive equation represented by temperature, strain rate and true strain was developed. • Processing map approach was adopted to optimize the hot forging process of EB weldments. • True strain has a great effect on the efficiency of power dissipation (η). -- Abstract: The electron beam welding (EBW) of Nickel-base superalloys was conducted, and the cylindrical compression specimens were machined from the central part of the electron beam (EB) weldments. The hot deformation behavior of EB weldments was investigated at the temperature of 960–1140 °C and the strain rate of 0.001–1.0 s −1 . The apparent activation energy of deformation was calculated to be 400 kJ/mol, and the constitutive equation that describes the flow stress as a function of strain rate and deformation temperature was proposed for modeling of the hot deformation process of EB weldments. The processing map approach was adopted to investigate the deformation mechanisms during the hot plastic deformation and to optimize the processing parameters of EB weldments. It is found that the true strain has a significant effect on the efficiency of power dissipation (η). The η value in the safe processing domain (1140 °C, 1.0 s −1 ) increases from 0.32 to 0.55. In the unsafe processing domain (1080 °C, 0.001 s −1 ), however, the η value greatly decreases with the increase of strain. When the strain is 0.40, the efficiency of power dissipation becomes negative. The flow instability is predicted to occur since the instability parameter ξ(ε) becomes negative. The hot deformation of EB weldments can be carried out safely in the domain with the strain rate range of 0.1–1.0 s −1 and the temperature range of 960–1140 °C. When the height reduction is about 50%, the optimum processing condition is (T opi : 1140 °C, ε opi : 1.0 s −1 ) with the peak efficiency of 0

    4. Epistatic roles of E2 glycoprotein mutations in adaption of chikungunya virus to Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Konstantin A Tsetsarkin

      2009-08-01

      Full Text Available Between 2005 and 2007 Chikungunya virus (CHIKV caused its largest outbreak/epidemic in documented history. An unusual feature of this epidemic is the involvement of Ae. albopictus as a principal vector. Previously we have demonstrated that a single mutation E1-A226V significantly changed the ability of the virus to infect and be transmitted by this vector when expressed in the background of well characterized CHIKV strains LR2006 OPY1 and 37997. However, in the current study we demonstrate that introduction of the E1-A226V mutation into the background of an infectious clone derived from the Ag41855 strain (isolated in Uganda in 1982 does not significantly increase infectivity for Ae. albopictus. In order to elucidate the genetic determinants that affect CHIKV sensitivity to the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus, the genomes of the LR2006 OPY1 and Ag41855 strains were used for construction of chimeric viruses and viruses with a specific combination of point mutations at selected positions. Based upon the midgut infection rates of the derived viruses in Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes, a critical role of the mutations at positions E2-60 and E2-211 on vector infection was revealed. The E2-G60D mutation was an important determinant of CHIKV infectivity for both Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti, but only moderately modulated the effect of the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus. However, the effect of the E2-I211T mutation with respect to mosquito infections was much more specific, strongly modifying the effect of the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus. In contrast, CHIKV infectivity for Ae. aegypti was not influenced by the E2-1211T mutation. The occurrence of the E2-60G and E2-211I residues among CHIKV isolates was analyzed, revealing a high prevalence of E2-211I among strains belonging to the Eastern/Central/South African (ECSA clade. This suggests that the E2-211I might be important for adaptation of CHIKV to some particular conditions

    5. Ação central do naloxone sobre as ß-endorfinas e hormônio luteinizante (LH em ovelhas ovariectomizadas e hipoglicêmicas

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Angela Maria Xavier Eloy

      1999-01-01

      Full Text Available Com a finalidade de se investigar o efeito no Sistema Nervoso Central (SNC do opióide antagonista naloxone hidrocloride sobre a liberação do hormônio luteinizante (LH em ovelhas ovariectomizadas e hipoglicêmicas, utilizaram-se oito fêmeas mestiças oriundas das raças Mule e Suffolk, pesando 65,7 ± 3,6 kg. Duas semanas antes do início dos trabalhos, os animais foram canulados bilateralmente nos ventrículos. Foram feitos dois tratamentos (TI- animais não-estressados; TII- animais estressados, que foram subdivididos em três grupos (solução salina, 1 mg e 2 mg de naloxone. Os animais foram distribuídos, aleatoriamente, dentro das parcelas e foram feitas repetições com intervalo de uma semana, até que se alcançassem quatro observações por tratamento. No TI não se observou alteração nas concentrações de ß-endorfinas e LH, enquanto no TII, apesar de os animais não apresentarem alterações nos níveis de ß-endorfinas após injeção intracerebroventricular (i.c.v. de 1 mg de naloxone, observou-se diminuição significativa (p<0,05 após injeção (i.c.v. de 2 mg. No TII, as concentrações de LH aumentaram significativamente (p<0,05 após injeção (i.c.v. de 1 e 2 mg de naloxone. Conclui-se, portanto, que mesmo na ausência dos esteróides gonadais, os opióides endógenos estão envolvidos no controle do LH em animais hipoglicêmicos.

    6. Dor oncológica Oncologic pain

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Carla Alves Costa

      2007-12-01

      Full Text Available A dor pode ser definida de várias formas, sendo habitualmente descrita como uma experiência sensorial e emocional desagradável associada a lesão tecidular real ou potencial, ou descrita em função de tal lesão. No doente oncológico, a dor pode estar relacionada com a neoplasia, com o seu tratamento, ou não ter relação com a doença neoplásica. A dor tem grande impacto no doente oncológico, significando agravamento do prognóstico ou morte próxima, daí a importância de uma abordagem e tratamento correctos. As opções para o tratamento farmacológico são várias, estando disponíveis analgésicos não opióides, opióides e co-analgésicos. Os autores pretendem com este artigo rever o tratamento farmacológico da dor e alertar para a importância do reconhecimento da dor como doença e da possibilidade de tratar e aliviar os doentes.Pain can be defined by several ways, but is usually describes as an unpleasant sensorial or emotional experience related to real or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. The cancer patient may experience pain related to the cancer itself, its treatment or not related at all with the oncologic disease. It has an extreme importance to the patient, as it is interpreted as a worsening of the prognosis or near death. Therefore it is extremely important a correct approach and treatment of cancer pain. Pain can be treated by pharmacologic, non-pharmacologic means and by more invasive procedures. The options for pharmacologic treatment are various, since nonopioid, opioid analgesics and co-analgesics. The authors present a review of the pharmacological treatment of cancer pain and alert to the importance of the recognition of pain as an illness and the possibility to be relieved.

    7. Peregrynant uczony. Rola biblioteki i książki w programie staropolskich podroży edukacyjnych XVII w.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Adam Kucharski

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available Głównym celem niniejszego opracowania jest analiza roli i miejsca jakie pełniły księgi i księgozbiory w trakcie polskich podróży edukacyjnych w XVII w. Z natury rzeczy książki były integralnym elementem studiów, zarówno w kraju jak i poza jego granicami. Podręczniki historii, retoryki, filozofii czy matematyki i architektury militarnej odgrywały podstawową rolę w procesie edukacji akademickiej. Także staropolscy studenci podróżujący dla zdobycia wiedzy i umiejętności byli autorami drukowanych rozpraw wieńczących ich studia akademickie. Książka stanowiąca w epoce baroku cenne, a nierzadko główne, źródło wiedzy o świecie była także obiektem zainteresowania w aspekcie jej gromadzenia i przechowywania. Biblioteki stanowiły z pewnością ważny, chociaż nie najistotniejszy, składnik licznych peregrynacji. Chętnie odwiedzano biblioteki kościelne i miejskie, publiczne, a nawet prywatne. Charakterystycznym rysem ich opisów była jednak predylekcja do opisywania wszelakich ciekawych eksponatów tam oglądanych. Tendencja taka wyraźnie zdominowała długość i dokładność opisów księgozbiorów bibliotecznych. Właściwa dla kultury barokowej pasja do zdobywania wiedzy o rzadkich i osobliwych dziełach sztuki, wynalazkach technicznych, zwierzętach czy przedmiotach objawiała się także podczas zwiedzania gmachów bibliotek. Niejednokrotnie przeradzała się ona wyłącznie w chęć oglądania niezwykłych eksponatów stając się de facto rodzajem rozrywki.

    8. Effect of Different Cooling Rates on Embryo Survivability and Pregnancy Rates in Freezing Sheep Embryos

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Elif KARAMAN ÖZTÜRK

      2016-07-01

      Full Text Available Çalışmanın ilk bölümünde, mezbahadan sağlanan ovaryumlardan kazanılan oositler (n=2990 olgunlaştırma medyumu içerisinde 24 saat süreyle olgunlaştırıldı. Ardından, 20 saat süreyle İn Vitro Fertilizasyona (İVF bırakıldılar. Yarıklanma gösteren embriyolar (n=1305, Sentetik Ovidukt Fluid (SOF medyumu içerisine alınarak altı gün süresince İn Vitro Kültüre (İVK bırakıldılar. İVK sonrası elde edilen morula-blastosist aşamasındaki embriyolar rastlantısal şekilde üç farklı dondurma hızı grubuna eşit olarak ayrıldılar (Grup I: 0,5 °C /dk, Grup II: 0,8 °C /dk, Grup III: 1 °C /dk. Her bir gruptaki embriyolar (n=50, 1,5 M etilen glikol bulunan dondurma medyumu içerisinde farklı soğutma hızlarında donduruldu. Sonuçta 0,5 °C/dk soğutma hızının en başarılı grup olduğu belirlendi (P<0,05. Çalışmanın ikinci bölümünde, verici koyunlardan elde edilen in vivo embriyolar (Morula-Blastosist çalışmanın birinci bölümünde bulunan en başarılı soğutma hızı (0,5 °C/dk ile soğutularak donduruldu. Dondurulan 19 adet embriyo hormonel olarak hazırlanmış 17 alıcı koyuna transfer edildi. Transfer sonrası 60. günde yapılan ultrason muayenesinde üç adet koyunda gebeliklere ait embriyonik keseler gözlendi ve bu koyunlardan birinde de ikiz gebelik saptandı. Gebe koyunlardan bir tanesinde doğum gerçekleşti; diğer iki koyunda ise ileriki dönemde yapılan ultrason muayenesinde gebeliklerin sonlandığı gözlendi. Çalışma sonucunda, koyun embriyolarının dondurulması sırasında 0,5°C/dk soğutma hızının en başarılı hız olduğu ve bu yöntemle dondurulan embriyoların transferinden de gebelik elde edilebildiği saptandı.

    9. BUDI DAYA KARANG HIAS MENDUKUNG PERDAGANGAN KARANG HIAS YANG BERKESINAMBUNGAN

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ofri Johan

      2007-12-01

      Full Text Available Kegiatan budi daya karang hias di Indonesia perlu dilakukan untuk menjamin perdagangannya agar berjalan tanpa merusak keanekaragaman dan kondisi terumbu karang. Budi daya karang hias menggunakan rak berupa meja yang terbuat dari paralon PVC yang dinilai sangat ekonomis dan mudah diaplikasikan masyarakat lokal. Pengamatan pertumbuhan hanya dilakukan pada 1 rak masing-masing jenis karang yang dibudidayakan yaitu Acropora sp., Acropora formosa, Acropora humilis, Acropora millepora, Acropora nobilis, dan Seriatopora hystrix. Kegiatan dilakukan pada dua lokasi yaitu Pulau Simakakang-Mentawai, Sumatera Barat dan Gondol, Bali. Pengamatan dilakukan setiap dua bulan dan penelitian dilaksanakan selama 6 bulan. Hasil pengamatan diperoleh tingkat mortalitas pada lokasi Pulau Simakakang diperoleh 5,56% dari 36 sampel yang diukur dari 6 jenis karang dan 6 ulangan, pertambahan panjang jenis A. formosa 0,64 cm/bulan, lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan jenis A. millepora 0,58 cm/bulan dan jenis lain. Karang A. humilis memiliki laju perambatan pada substrat semen dan batang pengikat yang  lebih cepat dari jenis lain. Pada lokasi Gondol, Bali memiliki laju pertambahan panjang karang A. millepora lebih cepat (0,50 cm/bulan dibandingkan dengan jenis A. tenuis (0,43 cm/bulan dan jenis lain berkisar antara 0,21—0,39 cm/bulan.Tingkat kematian 3 koloni (7,1% dari total 42 koloni yang disampling. The culture of ornamental coral is important to be conducted to guarantee the coral trade can be run well without giving impact to coral reef biodiversities and coral reef condition in Indonesia. This cultured using table using nets as a place which is made from PVC pipe. This method can minimize cost comparing with others materials as well as applicable for coastal community. One table can be placed 12 (3x4 substrate with a distance among others of 25 cm, then fragmented coral were tied to that substrates. This activity was carried out in two locations that were Simakakang

    10. Kombucha fermentation test used for various types of herbal teas

      Science.gov (United States)

      Novi Primiani, C.; Pujiati; Mumtahanah, Mahda; Ardhi, Waskitho

      2018-05-01

      Tea is a common drink in the community, the benefits of tea can be improved by processing fermented tea called kombucha. Kombucha is a refreshing drink made from tea water plus sugar, obtained through the fermentation process by acetic acid bacteria and fungi, is consumed for its health benefits. The common Kombucha starter is called SCOOBY (Simbyotic of Bacteri and Yeast). Kombucha research using herbal tea is very rarely done, it is necessary kombucha research using a variety of herbal teas to determine the quality of its inhibitory power against bacteria and its quality compared with kombucha berkomposisi tea Camelia sinensis in general. The purpose of this research was to know kombucha quality with ph parameter, thickness of nata, total acid and its inhibitory power to Escherchia coli and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This research used Randomized Block Design (RAK) method using 1 tea type treatment, with 3 replications. The first type of green tea (P1), roselle tea (P2), mangosteen peel tea (P3), soursop leaf tea (P4), moringa leaf tea (P5) and yellow leaf tea (P6), so there are 18 treatment combinations. Based on statistical analysis, there was influence of tea type to kombucha quality. Treatments of P1 and P2 were found to have an optimum and significant effect for kombucha. the results in level of acidity [pH] on green tea (P1) was 3.05, nata thickness of 4.63 and total acid of 0.69. Acidity in roselle tea (P2) was 2.86, nata thickness of 3.83, and total acid of 0.71. While the lowest quality was found in the treatment of mangosteen peel (P3) tea with pH 2.57, nata thickness of 0.35, and total acid of 0.79.

    11. Safety against releases in severe accidents. Final report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Lindholm, I.; Berg, Oe.; Nonboel, E.

      1997-12-01

      The work scope of the RAK-2 project has involved research on quantification of the effects of selected severe accident phenomena for Nordic nuclear power plants, development and testing of a computerised accident management support system and data collection and description of various mobile reactors and of different reactor types existing in the UK. The investigations of severe accident phenomena focused mainly on in-vessel melt progression, covering a numerical assessment of coolability of a degraded BWR core, the possibility and consequences of a BWR reactor to become critical during reflooding and the core melt behavior in the reactor vessel lower plenum. Simulant experiments were carried out to investigate lower head hole ablation induced by debris discharge. In addition to the in-vessel phenomena, a limited study on containment response to high pressure melt ejection in a BWR and a comparative study on fission product source term behaviour in a Swedish PWR were performed. An existing computerised accident management support system (CAMS) was further developed in the area of tracking and predictive simulation, signal validation, state identification and user interface. The first version of a probabilistic safety analysis module was developed and implemented in the system. CAMS was tested in practice with Barsebaeck data in a safety exercise with the Swedish nuclear authority. The descriptions of the key features of British reactor types, AGR, Magnox, FBR and PWR were published as data reports. Separate reports were issued also on accidents in nuclear ships and on description of key features of satellite reactors. The collected data were implemented in a common Nordic database. (au)

    12. Dėl keleto retesnių liaudinių vaivorykštės pavadinimų

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Rūta Buivydienė

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available ON SEVERAL RARE FOLK TERMS FOR ‘RAINBOW’ (LITH. vaivórykštėSummaryThe article deals with several rare folk names for ‘rainbow’ in the Lithuanian language: vaivóraikštė, vaivórakštė, vovẽrykščia, stangà, žebeñkštė, sverblė̃, varykštė, vorykštė. These names and their etymological aspects are discussed, the motivation for such names is described; the relation of these words to other more frequent terms for ‘rainbow’ is examined. Most of the words in question (with the exception, probably, of the term stangà, which might possibly also be of foreign origin, cf. Pol. stęga, wstęga ‘ribbon, swathe, sash’ have originated under the influence of folk etymology manifested here in various different ways. An attempt is made to demonstrate, in particular, in what way and why the forms of the analysed words have been altered, what caused their particular transformations, how the words acquired their present shapes. An attempt is also made to show the sequence of the influences of the associative “mechanisms” of folk etymology. Attention is drawn to the fact that the designation of this marvellous natural phenomenon, having innumerable mythological interpretations and related to different beliefs in various cultures of the world, has become in the Lithuanian language a real “favourite” of folk etymology.

    13. Uji Adaptasi Galur Mutan Harapan Padi Gogo pada Lokasi Lahan Kering Dataran Tinggi Iklim Basah

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      S.A.N. ARYAWATI

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available Adaptation Test of Promising Upland Rice Mutant Line On Dry Highland With Wet Climate. Upland rice productivity is still low, productivity can be improved by using high yielding varieties through the breeding programs, by the Agency for agricultural research (BATAN. Test adaptation is necessary to determine the superiority of promising lines. The objective of this research was to determine adaptability, performance of growth, and productivity of mutant lines of upland rice. Research used randomized complete block design (RAK single factor with 10 lines of treatment the results of gene mutation and 2 check varieties with three replications. Those treatments were PMG 01/Psj, PMG 02/Psj, PMG 03/Psj, PMG 04/Psj, PMG 05/Psj, PMG 06/Psj, PMG 07/Psj, PMG 08/Psj, PMG 09/Psj, PMG 10/Psj, Limboto and Local. The research was conducted on August 2014 until February 2015 in Tiga Village, District Susut, Bangli regency at high dry land wet climate. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (Annova and LSD test at 5% level. The results showed that tested of promising mutant lines show significant differences were observed in all parameters. Treatment of lines PMG 05/Psj, PMG 06/Psj, and PMG 08/Psj gave a yield of 2.22; 2.66; and 3.18 tons GKG/ha or higher than Limboto and Local check varieties as big as 2.04 and 0.90 tones GKG/ha. The three lines showed the parameters of flowering dates, number of filled grain, empty grain, and weight of 1000 grain, harvest time, KAR leaf, and chlorophyll better than check varieties. Lines of PMG 08/Psj gave the results 36.49% higher than Limboto and 71.78% higher than local varieties.

    14. Consistent codling moth population decline by two years of mating disruption in apple: a Flemish case study.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Bangels, E; Beliën, T

      2012-01-01

      Codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is one of the most important pests in apple and pear. In 2010 mating disruption became a key pest management tactic in Flemish pip fruit orchards, largely due to a government subsidy and demonstrating projects aiming to widen the area treated by pheromones as large as possible. As a consequence, the mating disruption strategy was applied at approximately 7.500 ha, or half of the pip fruit area, in 2010 and 2011. The sudden large-scale implementation of this technique changed the codling moth management landscape. Here we present a case study of a commercially managed orchard that suffered from high codling moth pressures for many years, as did the surrounding area. The RAK3 mating disruption system was introduced at this location in 2010, and was continued in 2011. Systematic detailed codling moth flight data for this location are available for many years. In addition, comprehensive data on damage levels of chemically untreated windows spread all over the test orchard in a randomized block design were obtained in successive years, enabling us to thoroughly evaluate the effect of the changed codling moth management strategy. Data from 2011 included damage levels in chemically treated windows when the entire orchard was applied once at the flight peak of Cydia pomonella. In 2009, before introduction of mating disruption, a mean of 8.25 +/- 5.54% of the fruits were infested at harvest when assessed in completely untreated windows. After two years of mating disruption, supported with a full chemical support in 2010, except for the untreated assessment windows, and only one application on the flight peak of 2011, damage was reduced to less than 0.03% at harvest. This is a valuable case study to demonstrate the benefits of the mating disruption approach.

    15. Integrated sequence analysis. Final report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Andersson, K.; Pyy, P.

      1998-02-01

      The NKS/RAK subprojet 3 'integrated sequence analysis' (ISA) was formulated with the overall objective to develop and to test integrated methodologies in order to evaluate event sequences with significant human action contribution. The term 'methodology' denotes not only technical tools but also methods for integration of different scientific disciplines. In this report, we first discuss the background of ISA and the surveys made to map methods in different application fields, such as man machine system simulation software, human reliability analysis (HRA) and expert judgement. Specific event sequences were, after the surveys, selected for application and testing of a number of ISA methods. The event sequences discussed in the report were cold overpressure of BWR, shutdown LOCA of BWR, steam generator tube rupture of a PWR and BWR disturbed signal view in the control room after an external event. Different teams analysed these sequences by using different ISA and HRA methods. Two kinds of results were obtained from the ISA project: sequence specific and more general findings. The sequence specific results are discussed together with each sequence description. The general lessons are discussed under a separate chapter by using comparisons of different case studies. These lessons include areas ranging from plant safety management (design, procedures, instrumentation, operations, maintenance and safety practices) to methodological findings (ISA methodology, PSA,HRA, physical analyses, behavioural analyses and uncertainty assessment). Finally follows a discussion about the project and conclusions are presented. An interdisciplinary study of complex phenomena is a natural way to produce valuable and innovative results. This project came up with structured ways to perform ISA and managed to apply the in practice. The project also highlighted some areas where more work is needed. In the HRA work, development is required for the use of simulators and expert judgement as

    16. Estimation of the long-term slip, surface uplift and block rotation along the northern strand of the North Anatolian Fault Zone: Inferences from geomorphology of the Almacık Block

      Science.gov (United States)

      Yıldırım, Cengiz; Tüysüz, Okan

      2017-11-01

      The Almacık Block is one of the key morphotectonic units in the eastern Marmara Region associated with the long-term slip partitioning within the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ). In this study, we provide new geomorphic reconstructions of offset drainage basins, morphometric analysis of topography, and longitudinal profiles of the rivers crossing different flanks of the Almacık Block. Our geomorphic reconstructions of offset drainage basins along the Hendek and Karadere faults imply mean offsets of 2.3 ± 0.4 km and 8.4 ± 0.7 km, respectively, during the Quaternary. Our dataset also imply that slip partitioning occurs in a broader zone than previously proposed, and that the total 10.7 ± 0.6 km offset along the Hendek and Karadere faults of the northern strand must be taken into account for long-term slip partitioning in the Eastern Marmara Region. Together with previously suggested 10 km offset along the southern strand (Yaltırak, 2002), 16 ± 1.0 km offset along the middle strand (Özalp et al., 2013) and the 52 ± 1.0 km offset along the Mudurnu Segment of the northern strand (Akbayram et al., 2016) our newly proposed geomorphic markers raise the cumulative offset in the eastern Marmara region associated with the NAF to 89 ± 1.0 km since the Latest Pliocene - Quaternary. In addition to these lateral displacements, our morphometric analysis and longitudinal profiles of the rivers imply up to 1130 ± 130 m surface uplift of the Almacık Block as a combined result of vertical displacement within the deformation zone of the northern strand of the NAFZ. Finally, by assuming that river basins act as passive deformation markers, our basin azimuth analyses imply 20° ± 2° clockwise rotation of the Almacık Block associated with the NAFZ.

    17. Reactor safety; Description and evaluation of safety activities in Nordic countries

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Wahlstroem, B.; Gunsell, L.

      1998-03-01

      The report gives a description of safety activities in the nuclear power industry. The study has been carried out as a part of the four year programme in Nordic Safety Research (NKS) which was completed in 1997. The objective of the NKS/RAK-1.1 project 'A survey and an evaluation of safety activities in nuclear power' was to make a broad description of various activities important for safety and to make an assessment of their efficiency. A special consideration was placed on a comparison of practices in Finland and Sweden, and between their nuclear utilities. The study has been divided into two parts, one theoretical part in which a model of the relationships between various activities important for safety has been constructed and one practical part where a total of 62 persons have been interviewed at the authorities, the nuclear utilities and one reactor vendor. To restrict the amount of work two activities, safety analysis and experience feedback, were selected. A few cases connected to incidents at nuclear power plants were discussed in more detail. The report has been structured around a simple model of nuclear safety consisting of the concepts of goals, means and outcomes. This model illustrates the importance of goal formulation, systematic planning and feedback of operational experience as major components in nuclear safety. In assessing organisation and management at authorities and the power utilities there is a clear trend of decentralisation and delegation of authority. The general impression from the study is that the safety activities in Finland and Sweden are efficient and well targeted. The experience from the methodology is favourable and the comparison of practices gives a good ground for a discussion of contents and targeting of safety activities. (EG) activities. (EG)

    18. Air-conditioning and ventilation systems and components of nuclear facilities

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      2006-01-01

      The Guide defines the requirements for the design, implementation and operation of the air-conditioning and ventilation systems of nuclear facilities belonging to safety classes 3 and 4, and for the related documents to be submitted to STUK (Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Finland). Furthermore, the Guide describes the inspections of air-conditioning and ventilation systems to be conducted by STUK during construction and operation of the facilities. As far as systems and components belonging to safety class 2 are concerned, STUK sets additional requirements case by case. In general, air-conditioning systems refer to systems designed to manage the indoor air cleanness, temperature, humidity and movement. In some rooms of a nuclear power plant, ventilation systems are also used to prevent radioactive materials from spreading outside the rooms. Guide YVL1.0 defines the safety principles concerning the air-conditioning and ventilation of nuclear power plants. Guide YVL2.0 gives the requirements for the design of nuclear power plant systems. In addition, YVLGuide groups 3, 4, 5 and 7 deal with the requirements for air-conditioning and ventilation systems with regard to the mechanical equipment, fire prevention, electrical systems, instrumentation and control technology, and the restriction of releases. The rules and regulations issued by the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of the Interior (RakMK, the Finnish building code) concerning the design and operation of air-conditioning and ventilation systems and the related fire protection design bases also apply to nuclear facilities. Exhaust gas treatment systems, condenser vacuum systems of boiling water reactor plants and leak collection systems are excluded from the scope of this Guide

    19. Mlh1 deficiency in normal mouse colon mucosa associates with chromosomally unstable colon cancer

      Science.gov (United States)

      Pussila, Marjaana; Törönen, Petri; Einarsdottir, Elisabet; Katayama, Shintaro; Krjutškov, Kaarel; Holm, Liisa; Kere, Juha; Peltomäki, Päivi; Mäkinen, Markus J; Linden, Jere; Nyström, Minna

      2018-01-01

      Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) genome is unstable and different types of instabilities, such as chromosomal instability (CIN) and microsatellite instability (MSI) are thought to reflect distinct cancer initiating mechanisms. Although 85% of sporadic CRC reveal CIN, 15% reveal mismatch repair (MMR) malfunction and MSI, the hallmarks of Lynch syndrome with inherited heterozygous germline mutations in MMR genes. Our study was designed to comprehensively follow genome-wide expression changes and their implications during colon tumorigenesis. We conducted a long-term feeding experiment in the mouse to address expression changes arising in histologically normal colonic mucosa as putative cancer preceding events, and the effect of inherited predisposition (Mlh1+/−) and Western-style diet (WD) on those. During the 21-month experiment, carcinomas developed mainly in WD-fed mice and were evenly distributed between genotypes. Unexpectedly, the heterozygote (B6.129-Mlh1tm1Rak) mice did not show MSI in their CRCs. Instead, both wildtype and heterozygote CRC mice showed a distinct mRNA expression profile and shortage of several chromosomal segregation gene-specific transcripts (Mlh1, Bub1, Mis18a, Tpx2, Rad9a, Pms2, Cenpe, Ncapd3, Odf2 and Dclre1b) in their colon mucosa, as well as an increased mitotic activity and abundant numbers of unbalanced/atypical mitoses in tumours. Our genome-wide expression profiling experiment demonstrates that cancer preceding changes are already seen in histologically normal colon mucosa and that decreased expressions of Mlh1 and other chromosomal segregation genes may form a field-defect in mucosa, which trigger MMR-proficient, chromosomally unstable CRC. PMID:29701748

    20. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ayşe Gürsoy

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. günlerde fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal nitelikleri yönünden analiz edilmiştir. Isıl işlem uygulamasıyla yardımcı kültür haline getirilen L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kullanımı az yağlı beyaz peynir örneklerinin genel bileşimini etkilememiş olgunlaşmanın hızlandırılmasında da fazla etkili olmamıştır.

    1. Kefir

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Celalettin Koçak

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Kefir çok eski bir fermente süt mamülü olup, hammaddesi keçi, koyun ve inek sütüdür. %0.6-0.8 alkol içermesi nedeniyle fermente süt içkisi olarak tanınır. Günümüzde kefirin birçok hastalıklar üzerindeki iyileştirici etkisinden dolayı önemi artmıştır. Kefir üretiminde fermantasyonu sağlamak üzere kefir tanelerinden yararlanılır. Kefir taneleri sarımtırak renkte olup takriben bezelye büyüklüğündedir. Bu taneler kazein ve birbirleri ile ortaklaşa yaşayan mikroorganizmaların meydana getirdiği jelatinimsi kolonilerden oluşmuştur. Bu kolonilerin florasına bakteri ve mayalar hakimdir. Kefir üretiminde kullanılacak sütler homojenize ve ısıtma işlemlerine tabi tutulduktan sonra, kefir taneleri kullanılarak hazırlanan bulk starter ilave edilerek inkübasyona alınır. Bu evrede, laktik asit, alkol CO2 oluşmakta, kefir özel maya tat ve aroması kazanmaktadır. İnkübasyondan sonra olgunlaştırılarak paketlenen kefir tüketime sunulmaya hazır hale gelir.

    2. Ankara Piyasasından Temin Edilen Sofralık Siyah Zeytin Salamuralarının Mikrobiyolojik Analizi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Rabia Sarıkaya

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada Ankara piyasasından temin edilen sofralık siyah zeytin salamuralarının mikrobiyolojik analizi yapıldı. Toplam 16 farklı semt pazarından sağlanan salamura örnekleri steril kavanozlara alındı, etiketlendi ve laboratuvara getirildi. Zeytin sularının desimal dilüsyonları uygun besiyerlerine ekildi ve inkübasyona bırakıldı. İnkübasyon sonrasında elde edilen koloni sayımlarına göre örneklerdeki laktik asit bakteri sayısı 8.1 x 101 - 9.1 x 105 kob/ml; toplam aerobik mezofilik bakteri sayısı 4.3 x 101 - 5.1 x 105 kob/ml; maya-küf sayısı 3.3 x 101 - 1.6 x 105 kob/ml arasında bulundu. Koliform bakteri üremesine incelenen örneklerin sadece bir tanesinde rastlandı (2.9 x 101 kob/ml. Örneklerdeki pH, tuz konsantrasyonu (% ve laktik asit değerleri (mol/L sırasıyla 3.12 - 5.15; 5.3 - 17; 0.27 - 1.36 arasında ölçüldü.

    3. ADAPTATION OF LOCAL SWEET POTATO CLONES IN THA LOWLANDS OF PAPUA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Demas Wamaer

      2017-07-01

      Full Text Available Objective of study was to obtain local clones of adaptive lowland ubijalar in Papua. Experiment was conducted in lowland dry season 2012/2013 in two locations, namely Keerom and Jayapura districts. Randomized Block Design (RAK, 10 local varieties of adaptive lowland Papua and two national superior varieties (Beta 2 and Cangkuang were used. Cultivation technique used is a bund system. Results: there were three local varieties with higher yield and yield potential than Beta-2 comparison varieties (22.4 t/ha with yield potential 22.9 t/ha and Cangkuang (20.6 t/ha with potential yield 21,6 ta/ha, while the three local varieties are Ningkay-3 having average productivity 27,5 t/ha (yield potential 28,0 t/ha Ningkay-6 has productivity 24,9 t ha yield potential 28.1 t/ha and Ordinance Tingkamang-1 has an average productivity of 23.8 t/ha (yield potential of 24.5 t/ha. These three varieties are Ningkay-3, Ningkay-6, and Oringking Tingkamang-1 each also has a very high tuber-dry production either compared to other test varieties or with a comparison variety, the averaged average is 9,3; 8,0 and 7.3 t/ha with dry matter 33.8; 32.3 and 30.8 percent respectively. Further testing with various seasons and more locations and varying altitude is required

    4. Application of a new importance measure for parametric uncertainty in PSA

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Poern, K.

      1997-04-01

      The traditional approach to uncertainty analysis in PSA, with propagation of basic event uncertainties through the PSA model, generates as an end product the uncertainty distribution of the top event frequency. This distribution, however, is not of much value for the decision maker. Most decisions are made under uncertainty. What the decision maker needs, to enhance the decision-making quality, is an adequate uncertainty importance measure that provides the decision maker with an indication of on what basic parameters it would be most valuable - as to the quality of the decision making in the specific situation - to procure more information. This paper will describe an application of a new measure of uncertainty importance that has been developed in the ongoing joint Nordic project NKS/RAK-1:3. The measure is called ''decision oriented'' because it is defined within a decision theoretic framework. It is defined as the expected value of a certain additional information about each basic parameter, and utilizes both the system structure and the complete uncertainty distributions of the basic parameters. The measure provides the analyst and the decision maker with a diagnostic information pointing to parameters on which more information would be most valuable to procure in order to enhance the decision-making quality. This uncertainty importance measure must not be confused with the more well-known, traditional importance measures of various kinds that are used to depict the contributions of each basic event or parameter (represented by point values) to the top event frequency. In this study the new measure is practically demonstrated through a real application on the top event: Water overflow through steam generator safety valves caused by steam generator tube rupture. This application object is one of the event sequences that the fore mentioned Nordic project has analysed with an integrated approach. The project has been funded by the Swedish Nuclear Power

    5. Molecular analysis of the genus Asparagus based on matK sequences and its application to identify A. racemosus, a medicinally phytoestrogenic species.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Boonsom, Teerawat; Waranuch, Neti; Ingkaninan, Kornkanok; Denduangboripant, Jessada; Sukrong, Suchada

      2012-07-01

      The plant Asparagus racemosus is one of the most widely used sources of phytoestrogens because of its high content of the steroidal saponins, shatavarins I-IV, in roots. The dry root of A. racemosus, known as "Rak-Sam-Sip" in Thai, is one of the most popular herbal medicines, used as an anti-inflammatory, an aphrodisiac and a galactagogue. Recently, the interest in plant-derived estrogens has increased tremendously, making A. racemosus particularly important and a possible target for fraudulent labeling. However, the identification of A. racemosus is generally difficult due to its similar morphology to other Asparagus spp. Thus, accurate authentication of A. racemosus is essential. In this study, 1557-bp nucleotide sequences of the maturase K (matK) gene of eight Asparagus taxa were analyzed. A phylogenetic relationship based on the matK gene was also constructed. Ten polymorphic sites of nucleotide substitutions were found within the matK sequences. A. racemosus showed different nucleotide substitutions to the other species. A polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the matK gene was developed to discriminate A. racemosus from others. Only the 650-bp PCR product from A. racemosus could be digested with BssKI into two fragments of 397 and 253-bp while the products of other species remained undigested. Ten commercially crude drugs were analyzed and revealed that eight samples were derived from A. racemosus while two samples of that were not. Thus, the PCR-RFLP analysis of matK gene was shown to be an effective method for authentication of the medicinally phytoestrogenic species, A. racemosus. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    6. CAMS achievements in 1995

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Berg, Oe.; Fantoni, P.; Iguchi, Y.; Meyer, G.; Soerensen, A.; Dyck, C. van.

      1996-01-01

      CAMS (Computerized Accident Management Support) is a system being developed as a joint research activity at the Halden Reactor Project with additional financing from the Swedish Nuclear Inspectorate (SKI) and the Nordic NKS/RAK-2 project. Three types of users are envisaged: the staff in the control room, the staff in the technical support centre and the staff at a national emergency centre. It is still an experimental system. The Swedish Nuclear Inspectorate kindly accepted to test CAMS at a safety exercise on the 4th of May, 1995. CAMS is designed assuming automatic data transfer from the plant. Missing the data link, a simulator running in the next room was updated now and then with data received by phone. As seen from CAMS, it did not matter if the data came from a fake plant or from a real plant, except that the data were delayed. Overall, it seemed that CAMS can be a very important tool for a national authority. A data link from the plant would increase its usefulness. Several comments on design features were collected and will be used to improve the system. The model needs more inputs to control the main parameters, and a larger repertoire of fault conditions should be put into the model. In the second half of 1995 the work on CAMS has concentrated upon designing new modules for signal validation, tracking simulation and state identification. This will provide better capabilities for on-line monitoring and assessment of the plant state. Further, it has been proposed to introduce Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) to assist in risk monitoring. A first prototype has been made on a personal computer showing the main features of such a PSA module. (au)

    7. Avian Reovirus Protein p17 Functions as a Nucleoporin Tpr Suppressor Leading to Activation of p53, p21 and PTEN and Inactivation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR and ERK Signaling Pathways.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Wei-Ru Huang

      Full Text Available Avian reovirus (ARV protein p17 has been shown to regulate cell cycle and autophagy by activation of p53/PTEN pathway; nevertheless, it is still unclear how p53 and PTEN are activated by p17. Here, we report for the first time that p17 functions as a nucleoporin Tpr suppressor that leads to p53 nuclear accumulation and consequently activates p53, p21, and PTEN. The nuclear localization signal (119IAAKRGRQLD128 of p17 has been identified for Tpr binding. This study has shown that Tpr suppression occurs by p17 interacting with Tpr and by reducing the transcription level of Tpr, which together inhibit Tpr function. In addition to upregulation of PTEN by activation of p53 pathway, this study also suggests that ARV protein p17 acts as a positive regulator of PTEN. ARV p17 stabilizes PTEN by stimulating phosphorylation of cytoplasmic PTEN and by elevating Rak-PTEN association to prevent it from E3 ligase NEDD4-1 targeting. To activate PTEN, p17 is able to promote β-arrestin-mediated PTEN translocation from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane via a Rock-1-dependent manner. The accumulation of p53 in the nucleus induces the PTEN- and p21-mediated downregulation of cyclin D1 and CDK4. Furthermore, Tpr and CDK4 knockdown increased virus production in contrast to depletion of p53, PTEN, and LC3 reducing virus yield. Taken together, our data suggest that p17-mediated Tpr suppression positively regulates p53, PTEN, and p21 and negatively regulates PI3K/AKT/mTOR and ERK signaling pathways, both of which are beneficial for virus replication.

    8. PEMANFAATAN LEGUM COVER CROP UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI SIFAT KIMIA TANAH PADA LAHAN BEKAS TAMBANG EMAS DI KABUPATEN SIJUNJUNG

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Giska Oktabriana

      2018-01-01

      ABSTRACT Sijunjung is one of the regencies in West Sumatra, which has reserves of gold mines. Gold mining in Sijunjung usually done illegally conducted dialiran river and spread the paddy rice is traditionally owned by the community. Problems encountered on mined land is that low productivity due to less good is the chemical properties of the soil it self like acid soil, N-total, P-available, cation exchange capacity (CEC and the content of bases (K, Ca, Mg and Na is low and Al dissolved in the soil is very high. One way you can do to fix it is by the use of Legume Cover Crop (LCC which is able to live on land that is damaged and is useful to protect the soil from erosion damage and is able to produce large amounts of organic matter. The purpose of this research is to improve the chemical properties of the gold mined land and to determine the type of Legume Cover Crop (LCC are good at improving the chemical nature of the gold mined lands. This research was conducted in Nagari Koto subdistrict Pala Outer Seven Sijunjung for 3 months and continued with the analysis in the Laboratory of Soil Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University. The design used in this study is a randomized block design (RAK with 5 treatments and 3 replications, treatment plant use LCC where, A = Control (without LCC,B =Mucuna conchinchinensis, C = Calopogonium mucunoide, D =Centrocema pubescen, E = Mucuna bracteata. Data analysis using Anova table 5% if F count is count more than F table 5% and a further test HSD 5%. From the research results can be concluded that the use of LCC M. conchinchinensisable to improve soil chemical properties in the gold mining land in Sijunjung.

    9. Kajian Pembuatan Permen Jelly dari Buah Tanjung (Mimusops elengi L

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nida El Husna

      2018-04-01

      Full Text Available Tanaman tanjung (Mimusops elengi L. merupakan tanaman pelindung yang banyak ditanam diperkarangan kantor, sekolah maupun dipingir-pinggir jalan dan hutan kota. Bagian tanaman tanjung yang biasa dimanfaatkan yaitu bunga, daun, akar dan kulit batang sedangkan buahnya tidak termanfaatkan sama sekali. Buah tanjung memiliki rasa sepat sehingga masyarakat tidak menyukainya. Rasa sepat pada buah bisa dikurangi dengan merendam buah dengan larutan kapur sirih. Salah satu cara yang dilakukan agar buah tanjung tidak terbuang yaitu dengan mengolahnya menjadi permen jelly. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh lama perendaman buah tanjung dengan larutan kapur dan konsentrasi gula terhadap karakteristik permen jelly yang dihasilkan. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK Faktorial dengan 2 faktor. Faktor pertama yaitu lama perendaman buah tanjung dengan larutan kapur (J dengan 3 taraf yaitu 12 jam (J1, 24 jam (J2 dan 36 jam (J3. Faktor kedua yaitu konsentrasi gula (G dengan 3 taraf yaitu 70% (G1,  90% (G2 dan 110% (G3. Setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 3 kali ulangan sehingga diperoleh 27 satuan percobaan. Hasil penelitian lama perendaman buah tanjung berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap rasa dan berpengaruh nyata terhadap tekstur permen jelly yang dihasilkan. Semakin lama perendaman buah tanjung maka rasa kelat pada buah tanjung akan semakin berkurang. Konsentrasi gula yang berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap kadar air permen jelly buah tanjung. Semakin besar konsentrasi gula yang ditambahkan maka kadar air permen jelly yang dihasilkan semakin rendah. Interaksi lama perendaman buah tanjung dan konsentrasi gula berpengaruh nyata terhadap rasa permen jelly yang dihasilkan. Berdasarkan nilai organoleptik, buah tanjung yang direndam dengan larutan kapur sirih selama 24 jam dan konsentrasi gula 90% merupakan kombinasi perlakuan terbaik dalam pembuatan permen jelly buah tanjung, yang menghasilkan permen jelly dengan kadar air 10,58%, p

    10. Safety against releases in severe accidents. Final report

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Lindholm, I.; Berg, Oe.; Nonboel, E. [eds.

      1997-12-01

      The work scope of the RAK-2 project has involved research on quantification of the effects of selected severe accident phenomena for Nordic nuclear power plants, development and testing of a computerised accident management support system and data collection and description of various mobile reactors and of different reactor types existing in the UK. The investigations of severe accident phenomena focused mainly on in-vessel melt progression, covering a numerical assessment of coolability of a degraded BWR core, the possibility and consequences of a BWR reactor to become critical during reflooding and the core melt behavior in the reactor vessel lower plenum. Simulant experiments were carried out to investigate lower head hole ablation induced by debris discharge. In addition to the in-vessel phenomena, a limited study on containment response to high pressure melt ejection in a BWR and a comparative study on fission product source term behaviour in a Swedish PWR were performed. An existing computerised accident management support system (CAMS) was further developed in the area of tracking and predictive simulation, signal validation, state identification and user interface. The first version of a probabilistic safety analysis module was developed and implemented in the system. CAMS was tested in practice with Barsebaeck data in a safety exercise with the Swedish nuclear authority. The descriptions of the key features of British reactor types, AGR, Magnox, FBR and PWR were published as data reports. Separate reports were issued also on accidents in nuclear ships and on description of key features of satellite reactors. The collected data were implemented in a common Nordic database. (au) 39 refs.

    11. Aplikasi Pupuk Kandang Kotoran Ayam pada Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis Hypogeae L.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Neni Marlina

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available Pupuk kandang kotoran ayam diharapkan dapat memperbaiki sifat fisik, kimia dan biologi tanah, sehingga dapat menyuburkan tanah dan membantu dalam menyumbangkan unsur hara yang dapat digunakan dalam meningkatkan hasil kacang tanah.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan takaran pupuk kandang kotoran ayam yang tepat dalam meningkatkan produksi tanaman kacang tanah. Penelitian ini telah dilaksanakan di kebun petani di Desa Payakabung Kecamatan Indralaya Utara Kabupaten Ogan Ilir dari bulan Januari sampai dengan April  2014. Rancangan yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan tiga perlakuan dan delapan kelompok, sehingga berjumlah 24 petak penelitian dan setiap petak diambil 10 tanaman sebagai sampel .  Perlakuannya adalah takaran pupuk kandang kotoran ayam 5, 10 dan 15 ton ha-1.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa takaran pupuk kandang kotoran ayam sebanyak 10 ton ha-1 memberikan pertumbuhan dan produksi terbaik dengan ditunjukkan produksi per petak sebesar 2,73 kg petak-1.Poultry manure is expected to improve soil physical, chemical and biological properties. It can improve soil fertility and help in nutrients contribution that can be used to increase the yield of peanut. This study aimed to get the right dose of poultry manure fertilizer in increasing the production of ground peanut plants. This research was conducted in farmyard in the North Indralaya Payakabung District of Ogan Ilir from January to April 2014. The design used in this study was a randomized block design with three treatments and eight groups, thus consisting 24 research plots and each plot was taken as a sample of 10 plants. The treatments of poultry manure fertilizer rate 5, 10 and 15 ton ha-1. The results showed that poultry manure fertilizer rate as much as 10 tons ha-1 gave the best growth and production of 2.73 kg per plot.

    12. Parametric studies on containment thermal hydraulic loads during high pressure melt ejection in a BWR

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Silde, A.; Lindholm, I. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)

      1997-12-01

      The containment thermal hydraulic loads during high pressure melt ejection in a Nordic BWR are studied parametrically with the CONTAIN and the MELCOR codes. The work is part of the Nordic RAK-2 project. The containment analyses were divided into two categories according to composition of the discharged debris: metallic and oxidic debris cases. In the base case with highly metallic debris, all sources from the reactor coolant system to the containment were based on the MELCOR/BH calculation. In the base case with the oxidic debris, the source data was specified assuming that {approx} 15% of the whole core material inventory and 34,000 kg of saturated water was discharged from the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) during 30 seconds. In this case, the debris consisted mostly of oxides. The highest predicted containment pressure peaks were about 8.5 bar. In the scenarios with highly metallic debris source, very high gas temperature of about 1900 K was predicted in the pedestal, and about 1400 K in the upper drywell. The calculations with metallic debris were sensititive to model parameters, like the particle size and the parameters, which control the chemical reaction kinetics. In the scenarios with oxidic debris source, the predicted pressure peaks were comparable to the cases with the metallic debris source. The maximum gas temperatures (about 450-500 K) in the containment were, however, significantly lower than in the respective metallic debris case. The temperatures were also insensitive to parametric variations. In addition, one analysis was performed with the MELCOR code for benchmarking of the MELCOR capabilities against the more detailed CONTAIN code. The calculations showed that leak tightness of the containment penetrations could be jeopardized due to high temperature loads, if a high pressure melt ejection occurred during a severe accident. Another consequence would be an early containment venting. (au). 28 refs.

    13. MANAJEMEN KEARSIPAN DINAMIS DI BIRO ADMINISTRASI UMUM AKADEMIK DAN KEMAHASISWAAN (BAUAK IAIN WALISONGO SEMARANG

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ahmad Farid Mubarrok

      2015-06-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh sebuah pemikiran bahwa masalah yang ditemukan di lapangan pada saat mengimplementasikan pedoman-pedoman dan kegiatan pengembangan arsip dan dokumen terhadap pengelolaan arsip di lingkungan BAUAK IAIN Walisongo Semarang fokus penelitian ini adalah bagaimana manajemen kearsipan dinamis di Biro Umum Akademik dan Kemahasiswaan (BAUAK IAIN Walisongo Semarang ? Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proses pencatatan kearsipan di BAUAK IAIN Walisongo Semarang menggunakan asas sentralisasi dan asas desentralisasi. Proses pengendalian arsip masih dalam tahap pemeliharaan arsip. Proses penyimpanan kearsipan menggunakan sistem abjad dan sistem pokok soal. Proses pemeliharaan kearsipan menggunakan rak dan lemari arsip dari bahan best ,dengan kata lain, pelaksanaan manajemen kearsipan di BAUAK IAIN Walisongo Semarang belum terlalu baik sesuai dengan standar yang efektif dan efisien. Proses pemindahan dan pemusnahan kearsipan perlu dilakukan karena ruang dan tempat menyimpan arsip serta umur arsip juga terbatas. This research is motivated by the idea that the problems found in the field during the implementation of guidelines and development activities archives and documents of the archives in environmental management BAUAK Walisongo IAIN Semarang focus of this research is how the dynamic records management in the General Bureau of Academic and Student Affairs (BAUAK IAIN Walisongo Semarang? The results showed that the process of recording archives in IAIN BAUAK Walisongo Semarang using the principle of centralization and decentralization. Process control is still in the stage of maintenance records archives. Archival storage process using the alphabetic system and subject the system. Archival preservation process using shelves and filing cabinets from the best materials, in other words, the implementation of records management in BAUAK IAIN Walisongo Semarang has not been too good in accordance with the standards of

    14. Pembuatan Arang Aktif dari Tempurung Kelapa dan Aplikasinya untuk Penjernihan Asap Cair

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Siti Jamilatun

      2014-04-01

      Full Text Available Arang aktif merupakan senyawa karbon amorph, yang dapat dihasilkan dari bahan-bahan yang mengandung karbon atau dari arang yang diperlakukan dengan cara khusus untuk mendapatkan permukaan yang lebih luas. Arang aktif dapat mengadsorpsi gas dan senyawa-senyawa kimia tertentu atau sifat adsorpsinya selektif, tergantung pada besar atau volume pori-pori dan luas permukaan.. Arang aktif akan dibuat dari arang hasil pirolisis tempurung kelapa.dan diimplementasikan untuk menjernihkan asap cairnya. Adapun langkah yang pertama membuat arang aktif dari tempurung kelapa adalah, membuat arang tempurung kelapa dengan membersihkan tempurung kelapa terlebih dahulu dari bahan-bahan pengotor seperti tanah, kerikil. Kemudian mengeringkannya dibawah sinar matahari, selanjutnya membakar tempurung kering pada drum/bak pembakaran dengan suhu 300-500 0C selama 3-5 jam. Langkah yang kedua adalah arang hasil pembakaran direndam dengan bahan kimia CaCl2 dan ZnCl2 (kadar 25 % selama 12 sampai 24 jam untuk menjadi arang aktif. Selanjutnya melakukan pencucian dengan air suling/air bersih hingga kotoran atau bahan ikutan dapat dipisahkan. Arang aktif basah dihamparkan pada rak dengan suhu kamar untuk ditiriskan, kemudian dikeringkan dalam oven pada suhu 110 – 8000C selama 3 jam. Suhu aktivasi mempengaruhi kualitas karbon aktif yang terbentuk. Dari uji kualitas karbon aktif yang dilakukan, kualitas karbon aktif yang terbaik diperoleh pada suhu 800oC dengan kadar air 1,3 %, kadar abu 0,60 % memenuhi standar SII 0258-79 dan memiliki daya serap terhadap kadar iod sebesar 580,0 mg/g yang memenuhi standar SNI 06-3730. Penjernihan air limbah rumah tangga, air berwarna menggunakan karbon aktif dari suhu aktivasi 800oC menghasilkan air yang jernih, tidak berbau dan memenuhi pH standar air (7,0-7,5.

    15. Ekstraksi Oleoresin dari Limbah Penyulingan Pala Menggunakan Ultrasonik

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Normalina Arpi

      2013-12-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh ukuran partikel limbah penyulingan pala (Myristica fragrans Houtt. dan suhu ekstraksi terhadap rendemen dan mutu oleoresin pala yang dihasilkan pada proses ekstraksi pelarut menggunakan bantuan ultrasonik. Etanol mutu teknis (technical grade digunakan sebagai pelarut. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK Faktorial dengan ulangan sebagai kelompok yang terdiri dari ukuran partikel bahan (P yaitu P1= 10 mesh, P2= 40 mesh dan P3= 60 mesh dan suhu ekstraksi (S yaitu S1= 40oC, S2= 50oC dan S3= 60oC. Analisis oleoresin pala yang dilakukan meliputi analisis awal (kadar air dan kadar abu dan analisis akhir (bobot jenis, indeks bias, dan sisa pelarut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ukuran partikel dan suhu ekstraksi berpengaruh terhadap rendemen dan mutu oleoresin yang dihasilkan. Rendemen tertinggi sebesar 7,16% diperoleh pada  ukuran partikel 10 mesh dan suhu 60oC. Hasil analisis bobot jenis oleoresin menunjukkan bahwa bobot jenis tertinggi yaitu 1,250 dihasilkan pada suhu ekstraksi 50oC. Sementara itu, hasil analisis indeks bias oleoresin menunjukkan bahwa ukuran partikel dan suhu ekstraksi memberikan pengaruh yang sangat nyata terhadap oleoresin pala dimana ukuran partikel 40 mesh pada suhu ekstraksi 40oC dan 60oC  serta ukuran partikel 60 mesh pada suhu 50oC memiliki nilai indeks bias yang lebih tinggi yaitu berkisar antara 1,476 hingga 1,480. Hasil analisis sisa pelarut juga menunjukkan bahwa ukuran partikel dan suhu ekstraksi berpengaruh terhadap tingginya sisa pelarut, dimana ukuran partikel 10 mesh mengandung sisa pelarut 0,229% dan suhu ekstraksi 40oC mengandung sisa pelarut 0,265%.

    16. APLIKASI PENSILBARIS1.2 UNTUK DESAIN KESELAMATAN IRADIATOR GAMMA BATAN 500K

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M.S. Pudjijanto

      2015-04-01

      Full Text Available Aspek keselamatan penggunaaan radiasi gamma, khususnya penggunaan iradiator gamma perlu ditekankan untuk menjamin keselamatan personil maupun keselamatan lingkungan. Keselamatan radiasi pekerja diperhitungkan pada saat fasilitas iradiasi beroperasi normal dan ketika sedang dilakukan bongkar-muat sumber radiasi dan perawatan/perbaikan fasilitas dengan sumber radiasi berada di dalam kolam penyimpan atau di rak khusus penyimpan sumber. Jenis dan tebal dinding beton ruang papar yang sekaligus berfungsi sebagai perisai radiasi perlu dipertimbangkan, agar paparan radiasi di lingkungan fasilitas iradiator ini memenuhi kriteria keselamatan radiasi yang ditetapkan BAPETEN. Perhitungan dilakukan dengan menggunakan PensilBaris1.2 dengan teknik integrasi kernel titik dan sebagai pembanding digunakan program MCNP5 dengan teknik Monte Carlo. Fasilitas iradiator gamma inovatif yang akan didesain berdimensi panjang 13 m, lebar 6 m dan tinggi 4 m. Radiasi gamma bersumber dari 36-52 batang Cobalt-60 beraktivitas total 500 kCi yang disusun tegak berjajar yang berjarak sama dalam sepasang rak sejajar bertingka dua dengan panjang 135 cm dan tinggi 100 cm. Jarak pisang antara sepasang rak sumber gamma ditetapkan 120 cm. Hasil perhitungan program PensilBaris1.2 untuk dinding beton dengan kerapatan 2,45 g/cm3 berturut-turut memberikan 141,6; 164,4 dan 154,9 cm dan program MCNP5 berturut-turut memberikan ketebalan 145, 155 dan 140 cm. Perbedaan hasil dari kedua tool ini, selain disebabkan oleh teknik dan metode komputasi yang berbeda, disebabkan karena adanya perbedaan pustaka data tampang interaksi foton dengan materi dan faktor bangkit dosis yang digunakan. Hasil perhitungan menggunakan PensilBaris1.2 dengan kerapatan 2,35 g/cm3 memberikan tebal dinding beton dalam arah memanjang, melebar dan meninggi berturut-turut 147,4; 170,7 dan 161,4 cm. Kedalaman benam minimal ujung atas sumber dari permukaan air kolam menggunakan PensilBaris1.2 sebesar 4,85 meter untuk laju

    17. A shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS for real-time applications

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Yun, Sangwon; Neto, André C.; Park, Mikyung; Lee, Sangil; Park, Kaprai

      2014-01-01

      Highlights: • We implemented a shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS. • We implemented an EPICS module supporting device and driver support. • We implemented an example EPICS IOC and CSS OPI for evaluation. - Abstract: The Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) is a multi-platform C++ middleware designed for the implementation of real-time control systems. It currently supports the Linux, Linux + RTAI, VxWorks, Solaris and MS Windows platforms. In the fusion community MARTe is being used at JET, COMPASS, ISTTOK, FTU and RFX in fusion [1]. The Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), a standard framework for the control systems in KSTAR and ITER, is a set of software tools and applications which provide a software infrastructure for use in building distributed control systems to operate devices. For a MARTe based application to cooperate with an EPICS based application, an interface layer between MARTe and EPICS is required. To solve this issue, a number of interfacing solutions have been proposed and some of them have been implemented. Nevertheless, a new approach is required to mitigate the functional limitations of existing solutions and to improve their performance for real-time applications. This paper describes the design and implementation of a shared memory based interface between MARTe and EPICS

    18. Design and Thermal Analysis for Irradiation of Pyrolytic Carbon/Silicon Carbide Diffusion Couples in the High Flux Isotope Reactor

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Gerczak, Tyler J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Smith, Kurt R. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Petrie, Christian M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

      2017-08-01

      Tristructural-isotropic (TRISO)–coated particle fuel is a promising advanced fuel concept consisting of a spherical fuel kernel made of uranium oxide and uranium carbide, surrounded by a porous carbonaceous buffer layer and successive layers of dense inner pyrolytic carbon (IPyC), silicon carbide (SiC) deposited by chemical vapor , and dense outer pyrolytic carbon (OPyC). This fuel concept is being considered for advanced reactor applications such as high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs) and molten salt reactors (MSRs), as well as for accident-tolerant fuel for light water reactors (LWRs). Development and implementation of TRISO fuel for these reactor concepts support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy mission to promote safe, reliable nuclear energy that is sustainable and environmentally friendly. During operation, the SiC layer serves as the primary barrier to metallic fission products and actinides not retained in the kernel. It has been observed that certain fission products are released from TRISO fuel during operation, notably, Ag, Eu, and Sr [1]. Release of these radioisotopes causes safety and maintenance concerns.

    19. Comprehensive evaluation of future site alternatives

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Shain, D.I.; Jones, M.E.; Ryan, K.

      1994-01-01

      Due to rapid changes occurring within the Nuclear Weapons complex, the need for integrated planning designed to combine multiple program needs into one strategic plan has become a necessity. This is more apparent as diverse DOE programs compete for dwindling resources. These programs range from traditional production operations, environmental and waste management, to facility transition, economic development, decontamination and decommissioning, and environmental restoration activities. Each program can influence another, thus increasing the difficulty of distinguishing program elements. The method in developing comprehensive plans becomes even more complicated when environmental compliance issues, regulatory agreements and stakeholder values are considered. AT the Department of Energy's (DOE) Rocky Flats Plant (RFP), all of these program conditions exist. This paper addresses a set of tools which are being developed at RFP that provides key planning elements and alternatives assessment for the DOE's Office of Planning and Integration (OPI) and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Officer at RFP. This set of tools is referred to as the Systems Engineering Analysis (SEA)

    20. Measurement of zero power reactor dynamic response by cross correlation method; Merenje dinamickog odziva reaktora nulte snage kros korelacionom metodom

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Kostic, Lj; Petrovic, M [Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca, Beograd (Yugoslavia)

      1969-07-15

      Pulse response is comprehensive description of linear system dynamics. In this paper, cross correlation method was used for measuring the response of zero power reactor. Reactor system was perturbed by pseudo-random signal, which was cross correlated with the reactor signal responding to this perturbation on the digital ZUSE Z-23 computer. Cross-correlation functions were measured for different positions of stochastic oscillator and ionization chamber in the critical system. From numerical processing of performed experimental data, it was concluded that a more powerful faster computer would be needed for processing statistical experiments. In that case it would be possible to obtain information about spatial effects in the reactor and propagation of neutron waves in the multiplication medium. Impulsni odziv je potpuni opis dinamike linearnog sistema. Za merenje impulsnog odziva nultog reaktora, u ovom radu, koriscena je kros korelaciona metoda. Reaktorski sistem je perturbovan pseudoslucajnim signalom, koji je u digitalnom racunaru ZUSE Z-23 kroskorelisan sa signalom odziva reaktora na ove perturbacije. Merene su kroskorelacione funkcije za razlicite polozaje stohastickog oscilatora i jonizacione komore u kriticnom sistemu. Iz numericki obradjivanih eksperimenta namece se kao zakljucak da bi za obradu statistickih eksperimenata kod nultih reaktora bio potreban racunar veceg kapaciteta i brzine. U tom slucaju bi se iz ovako postavljenog eksperimenta moglo doci i do informacija o prostornim efektima u reaktoru i prostiranju neutronskih talasa kroz multiplikativnu sredinu. (author)

    1. Design and Development of Two Manipulators as a Key Element of a Space Robot Testing Facility

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Seweryn Karol

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available Podczas procesu projektowania układów sterowania robotów pracujących w warunkach mikrograwitacji niezbędna jest możliwość przeprowadzenia ich walidacji w relewantnym środowisku. Kluczowym problemem jest budowa stanowisk testowych pozwalających na analizowanie ruchu manipulatora umieszczonego na swobodnej bazie, której ruch odbywa się w trzech wymiarach. Artykuł zawiera opis dwóch stanowisk testowych wykorzystywanych do analizy działania algorytmów sterowania w zrobotyzowanych systemach satelitarnych. W artykule opisano symulator warunków mikrograwitacji w postaci manipulatora płaskiego ze swobodną bazą umieszczoną na łożyskach powietrznych oraz stanowisko testowe wyposażone w manipulator o 7 stopniach swobody z utwierdzona bazą pozwalającą na pomiar 3 składowych siły i momentu siły.

    2. Drugs of abuse detection in saliva based on actuated optical method

      Science.gov (United States)

      Shao, Jie; Li, Zhenyu; Jiang, Hong; Wang, Wenlong; Wu, Yixuan

      2014-12-01

      There has been a considerable increase in the abuse of drugs during the past decade. Combing drug use with driving is very dangerous. More than 11% of drivers in a roadside survey tested positive for drugs, while 18% of drivers killed in accidents tested positive for drugs as reported in USA, 2007. Toward developing a rapid drug screening device, we use saliva as the sample, and combining the traditional immunoassays method with optical magnetic technology. There were several methods for magnetic nanoparticles detection, such as magnetic coils, SQUID, microscopic imaging, and Hall sensors. All of these methods were not suitable for our demands. By developing a novel optical scheme, we demonstrate high-sensitivity detection in saliva. Drugs of abuse are detected at sub-nano gram per milliliter levels in less than 120 seconds. Evanescent wave principle has been applied to sensitively monitor the presence of magnetic nanoparticles on the binding surface. Like the total internal reflection fluorescence microscope (TIRFM), evanescent optical field is generated at the plastic/fluid interface, which decays exponentially and penetrates into the fluid by only a sub-wavelength distance. By disturbance total internal reflection with magnetic nanoparticles, the optical intensity would be influenced. We then detected optical output by imaging the sensor surface onto a CCD camera. We tested four drugs tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), methamphetamine (MAMP), ketamine (KET), morphine (OPI), using this technology. 100 ng mL-1 sensitivity was achieved, and obvious evidence showed that this results could be improved in further researches.

    3. Investigations on human error hazards in recent unintended trip events of Korean nuclear power plants

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Kim, Sa Kil; Jang, Tong Il; Lee, Yong Hee; Shin, Kwang Hyeon [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

      2012-10-15

      According to the Operational Performance Information System (OPIS) which has been operated to improve the public understanding by the KINS (Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety), unintended trip events by mainly human errors counted up to 38 cases (18.7%) from 2000 to 2011. Although the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) industry in Korea has been making efforts to reduce the human errors which have largely contributed to trip events, the human error rate might keep increasing. Interestingly, digital based I and C systems is the one of the reduction factors of unintended reactor trips. Human errors, however, have occurred due to the digital based I and C systems because those systems require new or changed behaviors to the NPP operators. Therefore, it is necessary that the investigations of human errors consider a new methodology to find not only tangible behavior but also intangible behavior such as organizational behaviors. In this study we investigated human errors to find latent factors such as decisions and conditions in the all of the unintended reactor trip events during last dozen years. To find them, we applied the HFACS (Human Factors Analysis and Classification System) which is a commonly utilized tool for investigating human contributions to aviation accidents under a widespread evaluation scheme. The objective of this study is to find latent factors behind of human errors in nuclear reactor trip events. Therefore, a method to investigate unintended trip events by human errors and the results will be discussed in more detail.

    4. Agent orange herbicides, organophosphate and triazinic pesticides analysis in olive oil and industrial oil mill waste effluents using new organic phase immunosensors.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Martini, Elisabetta; Merola, Giovanni; Tomassetti, Mauro; Campanella, Luigi

      2015-02-15

      New immunosensors working in organic solvent mixtures (OPIEs) for the analysis of traces of different pesticides (triazinic, organophosphates and chlorurates) present in hydrophobic matrices such as olive oil were developed and tested. A Clark electrode was used as transducer and peroxidase enzyme as marker. The competitive process took place in a chloroform-hexane 50% (V/V) mixture, while the subsequent enzymatic final measurement was performed in decane and using tert-butylhydroperoxide as substrate of the enzymatic reaction. A linear response of between about 10nM and 5.0μM was usually obtained in the presence of olive oil. Recovery tests were carried out in commercial or artisanal extra virgin olive oil. Traces of pesticides were also checked in the oily matrix, in pomace and mill wastewaters from an industrial oil mill. Immunosensors show good selectivity and satisfactory precision and recovery tests performed in olive oil gave excellent results. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    5. Green-Ampt approximations: A comprehensive analysis

      Science.gov (United States)

      Ali, Shakir; Islam, Adlul; Mishra, P. K.; Sikka, Alok K.

      2016-04-01

      Green-Ampt (GA) model and its modifications are widely used for simulating infiltration process. Several explicit approximate solutions to the implicit GA model have been developed with varying degree of accuracy. In this study, performance of nine explicit approximations to the GA model is compared with the implicit GA model using the published data for broad range of soil classes and infiltration time. The explicit GA models considered are Li et al. (1976) (LI), Stone et al. (1994) (ST), Salvucci and Entekhabi (1994) (SE), Parlange et al. (2002) (PA), Barry et al. (2005) (BA), Swamee et al. (2012) (SW), Ali et al. (2013) (AL), Almedeij and Esen (2014) (AE), and Vatankhah (2015) (VA). Six statistical indicators (e.g., percent relative error, maximum absolute percent relative error, average absolute percent relative errors, percent bias, index of agreement, and Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency) and relative computer computation time are used for assessing the model performance. Models are ranked based on the overall performance index (OPI). The BA model is found to be the most accurate followed by the PA and VA models for variety of soil classes and infiltration periods. The AE, SW, SE, and LI model also performed comparatively better. Based on the overall performance index, the explicit models are ranked as BA > PA > VA > LI > AE > SE > SW > ST > AL. Results of this study will be helpful in selection of accurate and simple explicit approximate GA models for solving variety of hydrological problems.

    6. Nuclear Reactor RA Safety Report, Vol. 8, Auxiliary system; Izvestaj o sigurnosti nuklearnog reaktora RA, Knjiga 8, Pomocni sistemi

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1986-11-01

      This volume describes RA reactor auxiliary systems, as follows: special ventilation system, special drainage system, hot cells, systems for internal transport. Ventilation system is considered as part of the reactor safety and protection system. Its role is eliminate possible radioactive particles dispersion in the environment. Special drainage system includes pipes and reservoirs with the safety role, meaning absorption or storage of possible radioactive waste water from the reactor building. Hot cells existing in the RA reactor building are designed for production of sealed radioactive sources, including packaging and transport. [Serbo-Croat] Ova knjiga obuhvata opis pomocnih sistem reaktora RA: sistem specijalne ventilacije, sistem specijalne kanalizacije, vruce komore, sistemi za unutrasnji transport. Ventilacioni sistem je znacajan deo sistema zastite i sigurnosti reaktora. Njegova je uloga da onemoguci disperziju radioaktivnih cestica u okolinu. Sistem specijalne kanalizacije sastoji se od agregata, cevovoda i rezervoara sa sigurnosnom armaturom i ima zadatak da prihvata i u sebe deponuje radioaktivne otpadne vode iz objekarta reaktora RA. U zgradi reaktora RA postoje vruce komore koje su namenjene za proizvodnju zatvorenih izvora zracenje, ukljucujuci i mehanicku obradu, prepakivanje i transport.

    7. Possibilities for power reactor structural material and fuel testing in reactor RA; Mogucnosti reaktora RA za testiranje konstrukcionih materijala i goriva energetskih reaktora

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Martinc, R; Lazarevic, Dj; Stefanovic, D; Cupac, S; Pesic, M [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1978-05-15

      Nuclear reactor RA at Vinca has been designed as a high flux general purpose research reactor. Among other it was intended to play a role of material testing reactor. A scope of activities of Material Laboratory and Reactor RA Department of Boris Kidric Institute is presented in this report. Reactor RA capacity for reactor structural material and fuel irradiation is also described. The increase of RA reactor irradiation capacity is based on the improvement of VISA type fuel channel for fast neutron irradiations, as well as on the general neutron flux increase, due to introduction of highly enriched uranium fuel into reactor core and the advanced in-core fuel management. The irradiation capacities described allow for the reactor material and fuel testing to the considerable extent. Istrazivacki reaktor RA u Vinci je projektovan kao visokofluksni istrazivacki reaktor opste namene. Pored ostalog, on je namenjen i za testiranje reaktorskih konstrukcionih materijala i goriva. U radu je dat pregled aktivnosti Laboratorije za materijale IBK i reaktora RA na tom podrucju, kao i opis povecanih mogucnosti reaktora RA za ozracivanje reaktorskih materijala i goriva u cilju njihovog testiranja. Povecanje mogucnosti reaktora RA zasniva se na usavrsavanju specijalnog gorivnog kanala tipa VISA (za ozracivanje materijala brzim neutronima), kao i na opstem povecanju neutronskog fluksa na osnovu uvodjenja i nacina koriscenja visokoobogacenog uranskog goriva u reaktoru RA. Opisane mogucnosti reaktora RA dozvoljavaju u znatnoj meri ispitivanje konstrukcionih materijala i goriva energetskih reaktora.

    8. Modeling of coated fuel particles irradiation behavior

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Liang Tongxiang; Phelip, M.

      2006-01-01

      In this report, PANAMA code was used to estimate the CP performance under normal and accident condition. Under the normal irradiation test (1000 degree C 625 efpd, 10% FIMA), for intact CP fuel, failure fraction is in the level of 10 -7 . As-fabricated SiC failed particles results in the through coatings failed particles much earlier than the intact particles does, OPyC layer does not fail immediately after irradiation starts. The significant failures start at beyond the burnup of about 7% FIMA. Under the accident condition, the calculated results showed that when the heating temperature is much higher than 1850 degree C, the failure fraction of coated particle can reach the level of 1 percent. The CP fuel fails significantly if it has a buffer layer thinner than 65 urn, SiC layer thinner than 30 μm. High burnup CP need to develop small size kernel, thick buffer layer and thick SiC layer. (authors)

    9. Climate variability and Great Plains agriculture

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Rosenberg, N.J.; Katz, L.A.

      1991-01-01

      The ways in which inhabitants of the Great Plains, including Indians, early settlers, and 20th century farmers, have adapted to climate changes on the Great Plains are explored. The climate of the Great Plains, because of its variability and extremes, can be very stressful to plants, animals and people. It is suggested that agriculture and society on the Great Plains have, during the last century, become less vulnerable to the stresses imposed by climate. Opinions as to the sustainability of agriculture on the Great Plains vary substantially. Lockeretz (1981) suggests that large scale, high cost technologies have stressed farmers by creating surpluses and by requiring large investments. Opie (1989) sees irrigation as a climate substitute, however he stresses that the Ogallala aquifer must inevitably become depleted. Deborah and Frank Popper (1987) believe that farming on the Plains is unsustainable, and destruction of shelterbelts, out-migration of the rural population and environmental problems will lead to total collapse. With global warming, water in the Great Plains is expected to become scarcer, and although improvements in irrigation efficiency may slow depletion of the Ogallala aquifer, ultimately the acreage under irrigation must decrease to levels that can be sustained by natural recharge and reliable surface flows. 23 refs., 2 figs

    10. Project RA Research nuclear reactor - Annual report 1993 with comparative review for the period 1991 - 1993; Projekat Istrazivacki nuklearni reaktor RA - Izvestaj za 1993. godinu, uz uporedni pregled za period 1991 - 1993

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1993-12-15

      Research reactor RA Annual report for year 1993 is divided into two main parts to cover: (1) operation and maintenance and (2) activities related to radiation protection. First part includes 8 annexes describing reactor operation, activities of services for maintenance of reactor components and instrumentation, financial report and staffing. The ninth separate annex deals with the feasibility of RA reactor applications. Second part of the report is devoted to radiation protection issues and contains 4 annexes with data about radiation control of the working environment and reactor environment, description of decontamination activities, collection of radioactive wastes, and meteorology data. [Serbo-Croat] Godisnji izvestaj o radu nuklearnog reaktora RA za 1993. godinu sastoji se od dva dela: prvi deo obuhvata pogon i odzavanje reaktora RA, a drugi poslove zastite od zracenja na reaktoru RA. Prvi deo sadrzi 8 priloga, koji opisuju rad reaktora i poslove sluzbi za odrzavanje opreme i komponenti, finansijski izvestaj, kadrovsku strukturu osoblja reaktora. Poseban prilog razmatra mogucnosti koriscenja istrazivackog reaktora RA. Drugi deo izvestaja o poslovima zastite od zracenja sadrzi 4 priloga sa podacima radijacione kontrole radne sredine i okoline reaktora, opis poslova dekontaminacije i sakupljanja radioaktivnih materija, kao i meteoroloske podatke.

    11. Research nuclear reactor RA - Annual report 1992; Istrazivacki nuklearni reaktor RA - Izvestaj za 1992. godinu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Sotic, O [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1992-12-01

      Research reactor RA Annual report for year 1992 is divided into two main parts to cover: (1) operation and maintenance and (2) activities related to radiation protection. First part includes 8 annexes describing reactor operation, activities of services for maintenance of reactor components and instrumentation, financial report and staffing. Second annex B is a paper by Z. Vukadin 'Recurrence formulas for evaluating expansion series of depletion functions' published in 'Kerntechnik' 56, (1991) No.6 (INIS record no. 23024136. Second part of the report is devoted to radiation protection issues and contains 4 annexes with data about radiation control of the working environment and reactor environment, description of decontamination activities, collection of radioactive wastes, and meteorology data. [Serbo-Croat] Godisnji izvestaj o radu nuklearnog reaktora RA za 1992. godinu sastoji se od dva dela: prvi deo obuhvata pogon i odzavanje reaktora RA, a drugi poslove zastite od zracenja na reaktoru RA. Prvi deo sadrzi 8 priloga, koji opisuju rad reaktora i poslove sluzbi za odrzavanje opreme i komponenti, finansijski izvestaj, kadrovsku strukturu osoblja reaktora. Drugi prilog (B) je rad Z. Vukadina 'Recurrence formulas for evaluating expansion series of depletion functions' objavljen u casopisu Kerntechnik, 1991. Drugi deo izvestaja o poslovima zastite od zracenja sadrzi 4 priloga sa podacima radijacione kontrole radne sredine i okoline reaktora, opis poslova dekontaminacije i sakupljanja radioaktivnih materija, kao i meteoroloske podatke.

    12. Neutron Diffractometer; Neutronski difraktometar

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Zivadinovic, M [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1961-12-15

      RA nuclear reactor is considered as a relatively strong neutron source producing the thermal neutron flux of about 3x10{sup 13} n/cm{sup 2} sec when operating at nominal power of 6.5 MW. Neutron diffraction method is applied in the field of solid state physics, material science, crystallography, magnetism, nuclear physic. Neutron diffractometer at the RA reactor consists of: system for obtaining collimated neutron beam from the horizontal experimental channel neutron monochromator; goniometer and electronic equipment for measurements and collecting the the measurement data. Nuklearni reaktor RA koji pri radu na snazi od 6,5 MW ima fluks termalnih neutrona oko 3x10{sup 13} n/cm{sup 2} sec predstavlja relativno jak izvor neutrona. Tehnika difrakcije neutrona primenjuje se u istrazivanjima fizike crvstog stanja, strukture materijala, kristalografije, magnetizma, nuklearne fizike. Neutronski difraktometar na reaktoru RA sastoji se od sistema za dobijanje kolimisanog snopa neutrona kroz horizontalni kanal reaktora; neutroskog monohromatora; goniometra i elektronskih uredjaja za merenja i registrovanje rezultata. Ovaj izvestaj sadrzi detaljan opis i seme neutronskog difraktometra sa pratecom opremom i elektronskim komponentama.

    13. Factors affecting the corrosion of SiC layer by fission product palladium

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Dewita, E.

      2000-01-01

      HTR is one of the advanced nuclear reactors which has inherent safety system, graphite moderated and helium gas cooled. In general, these reactors are designed with the TRISO coated particle consist of four coating layers that are porous pyrolytic carbon (PyC). inner dense PyC (IPyC), silicon carbide (SiC), and outer dense PyC (OPyC). Among the four coating layers, the SiC plays an important role beside in retaining metallic fission products, it also provides mechanical strength to fuel particle. However, results of post irradiation examination indicate that fission product palladium can react with and corrode SiC layer, This assessment is conducted to get the comprehension about resistance of SiC layer on irradiation effects, especially in order to increase the fuel bum-up. The result of this shows that the corrosion of SiC layer by fission product palladium is beside depend on the material characteristics of SiC, and also there are other factors that affect on the SiC layer corrosion. Fuel enrichment, bum-up, and irradiation time effect on the palladium flux in fuel kernel. While, the fuel density, vapour pressure of palladium (the degree depend on the irradiation temperature and kernel composition) effect on palladium migration in fuel particle. (author)

    14. Information draft on the development of air standards for isopropyl benzene

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1999-01-01

      Isopropyl benzene, also commonly referred to as cumene, is a colourless liquid with a sharp, penetrating odour. It is derived from the distillation of coal tar, naphtha and petroleum. It is used mainly as an intermediate in the production of phenol, acetone, and alpha-methyl styrene, all of which are components in plastic resins. Isopropyl benzene is also used as a solvent and thinner for paints and enamels and as an octane booster in aviation gasoline. In 1996, reported atmospheric releases in Canada amounted to 16.4 tonnes, of which 9.1 tonnes were from Ontario sources. Isopropyl benzene is not a significant threat to health in low concentrations. Inhalation exposure can cause dizziness, light-headedness and fainting. Contact with isopropyl benzene can irritate the skin, eyes, nose and mouth. The current Ontario half-hour interim Point of Impingement (OPI) standard and the one-hour Ambient Air Quality Criterion (AAQC) are both set at 100 microgram/cubic meter on the basis of the odour nuisance property of the substance. A review of applicable literature from world-wide sources (and summarized in this report) reveal that four US agencies have developed air quality criteria for isopropyl benzene based on the health effects of the compound. These criteria range from 9 to 585 micrograms/cubic meter for an annual average basis and from 87 to 400 microgram/cubic meter on a 24-hour basis. 40 refs., 1 tab., appendix.

    15. Acceptance Test Data for BWXT Coated Particle Batch 93164A Defective IPyC Fraction and Pyrocarbon Anisotropy

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Helmreich, Grant W. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hunn, John D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Skitt, Darren J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Dyer, John A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

      2017-02-01

      Coated particle fuel batch J52O-16-93164 was produced by Babcock and Wilcox Technologies (BWXT) for possible selection as fuel for the Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification (AGR) Program’s AGR-5/6/7 irradiation test in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), or may be used as demonstration production-scale coated particle fuel for other experiments. The tristructural-isotropic (TRISO) coatings were deposited in a 150-mm-diameter production-scale fluidizedbed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) furnace onto 425-μm-nominal-diameter spherical kernels from BWXT lot J52L-16-69316. Each kernel contained a mixture of 15.5%-enriched uranium carbide and uranium oxide (UCO) and was coated with four consecutive CVD layers: a ~50% dense carbon buffer layer with 100-μm-nominal thickness, a dense inner pyrolytic carbon (IPyC) layer with 40-μm-nominal thickness, a silicon carbide (SiC) layer with 35-μm-nominal thickness, and a dense outer pyrolytic carbon (OPyC) layer with 40-μm-nominal thickness. The TRISO-coated particle batch was sieved to upgrade the particles by removing over-sized and under-sized material, and the upgraded batch was designated by appending the letter A to the end of the batch number (i.e., 93164A).

    16. Acceptance Test Data for Candidate AGR-5/6/7 TRISO Particle Batches BWXT Coater Batches 93165 93172 Defective IPyC Fraction and Pyrocarbon Anisotropy

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Helmreich, Grant W. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hunn, John D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Skitt, Darren J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Dyer, John A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Schumacher, Austin T. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

      2017-03-01

      Coated particle fuel batches J52O-16-93165, 93166, 93168, 93169, 93170, and 93172 were produced by Babcock and Wilcox Technologies (BWXT) for possible selection as fuel for the Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification (AGR) Program’s AGR-5/6/7 irradiation test in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). Some of these batches may alternately be used as demonstration coated particle fuel for other experiments. Each batch was coated in a 150-mm-diameter production-scale fluidized-bed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) furnace. Tristructural isotropic (TRISO) coatings were deposited on 425-μm-nominal-diameter spherical kernels from BWXT lot J52R-16-69317 containing a mixture of 15.5%-enriched uranium carbide and uranium oxide (UCO). The TRISO coatings consisted of four consecutive CVD layers: a ~50% dense carbon buffer layer with 100-μm-nominal thickness, a dense inner pyrolytic carbon (IPyC) layer with 40-μm-nominal thickness, a silicon carbide (SiC) layer with 35-μm-nominal thickness, and a dense outer pyrolytic carbon (OPyC) layer with 40-μmnominal thickness. The TRISO-coated particle batches were sieved to upgrade the particles by removing over-sized and under-sized material, and the upgraded batches were designated by appending the letter A to the end of the batch number (e.g., 93165A).

    17. Evaluation of powdery mildew-resistance of grape germplasm and rapid amplified polymorphic DNA markers associated with the resistant trait in Chinese wild Vitis.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Zhang, J; Zhang, Y; Yu, H; Wang, Y

      2014-05-09

      The resistance of wild Vitis germplasm, including Chinese and American wild Vitis and Vitis vinifera cultivars, to powdery mildew (Uncinula necator Burr.) was evaluated for two consecutive years under natural conditions. Most of the Chinese and North American species displayed a resistant phenotype, whereas all of the European species were highly susceptible. The Alachua and Conquistador accessions of Vitis rotundifolia species, which originated in North America, were immune to the disease, while Baihe-35-1, one of the accessions of Vitis pseudoreticulata, showed the strongest resistance among all Chinese accessions evaluated. Three rapid amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers, OPW02-1756, OPO11-964, and OPY13-661, were obtained after screening 520 random primers among various germplasm, and these markers were found to be associated with powdery mildew resistance in Baihe-35-1 and in some Chinese species, but not in any European species. Analysis of F₁ and F₂ progenies of a cross between resistant Baihe-35-1 and susceptible Carignane (V. vinifera) revealed that the three RAPD markers were linked to the powdery resistant trait in Baihe-35-1 plants. Potential applications of the identified RAPD markers for gene mapping, marker-assisted selection, and breeding were investigated in 168 F₂ progenies of the same cross. Characterization of the resistant phenotype of the selected F₂ seedlings for breeding a new disease-resistant grape cultivar is in progress.

    18. A shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS for real-time applications

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Yun, Sangwon, E-mail: yunsw@nfri.re.kr [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), Gwahangno 169-148, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Neto, André C. [Associação EURATOM/IST, Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Park, Mikyung; Lee, Sangil; Park, Kaprai [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), Gwahangno 169-148, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)

      2014-05-15

      Highlights: • We implemented a shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS. • We implemented an EPICS module supporting device and driver support. • We implemented an example EPICS IOC and CSS OPI for evaluation. - Abstract: The Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) is a multi-platform C++ middleware designed for the implementation of real-time control systems. It currently supports the Linux, Linux + RTAI, VxWorks, Solaris and MS Windows platforms. In the fusion community MARTe is being used at JET, COMPASS, ISTTOK, FTU and RFX in fusion [1]. The Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), a standard framework for the control systems in KSTAR and ITER, is a set of software tools and applications which provide a software infrastructure for use in building distributed control systems to operate devices. For a MARTe based application to cooperate with an EPICS based application, an interface layer between MARTe and EPICS is required. To solve this issue, a number of interfacing solutions have been proposed and some of them have been implemented. Nevertheless, a new approach is required to mitigate the functional limitations of existing solutions and to improve their performance for real-time applications. This paper describes the design and implementation of a shared memory based interface between MARTe and EPICS.

    19. IRT i pomiar edukacyjny

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Bartosz Kondratek

      2013-12-01

      Full Text Available Pod nazwą „item response theory” kryje się rodzina narzędzi statystycznych wykorzystywanych do modelowania odpowiedzi na rozwiązywane zadania oraz umiejętności uczniów. Modele IRT czynią to poprzez wprowadzenie parametryzacji, która określa: właściwości zadań oraz rozkład poziomu umiejętności uczniów. W artykule przedstawiony zostanie ogólny opis jednowymiarowego modelu IRT, przybliżone zostaną najczęściej stosowane modele dla zadań ocenianych dwupunktowo (2PLM, 3PLM, 1PLM oraz wielopunktowo (GPCM, a także zarysowana zostanie problematyka estymacji poziomu umiejętności. Artykuł ma za zadanie wprowadzić czytelnika w techniczne szczegóły związane z modelowaniem IRT oraz przedstawić wybrane zastosowania praktyczne w pomiarze edukacyjnym. Wśród zastosowań praktycznych omówiono wykorzystanie IRT w analizie skomplikowanych schematów badawczych, zrównywaniu/łączeniu wyników testowych, adaptatywnym testowaniu oraz przy tworzeniu map zadań.

    20. Serbian lexicology today: Current achievements and perspectives

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dragićević Rajna M.

      2017-01-01

      Full Text Available At the turn of 21st century Serbian lexicology is under the influence of the Slavic (predominantly Russian and Anglo-Saxon semanticists. Different semantic theories are used in language analyses in Serbian papers. Since the 1970s componential analysis had been a leading theory, but as of the 1990s Serbian lexicology has come under the influence of cognitive linguistics. There are more and more interdisciplinary investigations where linguistics is interwoven with psychology, communicology, and sociology. Often, lexicology is interwoven with other linguistic disciplines, such as syntax, word formation, morphology, stylistics, etc. Recently, some semantic studies have been conducted from the pragmatic viewpoint. Depending on the object of the analysis and the theory chosen, different research methods are used, such as collocational, associative, and additionally, various types of syntactic and semantic approaches are taken. The focus of interest is semantics of words, and less frequent of morphemes or sentences. The future of Serbian lexicology lies in promoting an interdisciplinary approach, and its relation with other linguistic disciplines and other nonlinguistic sciences. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development: Opis i standardizacija savremenog srpskog jezika

    1. The Electronic Historical Latvian Dictionary Based on the Corpus of Early Written Latvian Texts

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Everita Andronova

      2016-12-01

      Główny nacisk położono na opis haseł słownikowych, zawierający istotne uwagi praktyczne i teoretyczne. Omówiono poszczególne części hasła słownikowego, po czym umieszczono komentarz odnoszący się do różnych kwestii związanych z daną częścią (np. wybór hasła wyrazowego i przedstawienia wersji pisowni i do przyję­tych rozwiązań. Szczególną uwagę poświęcono główce hasła, objaśnieniu znaczenia wynikającego z przykładów występujacych w korpusie, różnym rodzajom kolokacji i ich przedstawieniu w słowniku, jak też informacjom etymologicznym. Na końcu zamieszczono zwięzły przegląd oprogramowania słownikowego TLex 2013, oparty na doświadczeniu autorów, zdobytym podczas pracy z tym narzędziem.

    2. Current perspectives of acute pain treatment Perspectivas actuales de tratamiento del paciente con dolor agudo

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tiberio Alvarez Echeverri

      1993-03-01

      Full Text Available

      In the last years opioids have become of great importance in the relief of postoperative and other forms of acute pain. Reasons for this trend have been the availability of agonist opioids like phentanyl. sulphentanyl and alphentanyl and the results of research on the physlology. The pharmacology and the chemistry of drug receptors and neurotransmitters. The studies on chemicals other than opioids that contribute to pain relief when administered through different ways. specially the spinal. Have also influenced such a trend.

      En los últimos años los opiáceos han adquirido gran importancia en el alivio del dolor agudo especialmente del tipo postoperatorio. Una de las razones ha sido la disponibilidad de morfínicos agonistas como el fentanil, el sufentanil y el alfentanil; otra es la investigación de la fisiología, la farmacología y la química de los receptores y los neurotransmisores como de sustancias diferentes a los opláceos, aplicadas por diferentes vías en especial la espinal, que coadyuvan al alivio del dolor.

    3. Scaffold Protein Ahk1, Which Associates with Hkr1, Sho1, Ste11, and Pbs2, Inhibits Cross Talk Signaling from the Hkr1 Osmosensor to the Kss1 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase

      Science.gov (United States)

      Nishimura, Akiko; Yamamoto, Katsuyoshi; Oyama, Masaaki; Kozuka-Hata, Hiroko

      2016-01-01

      In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, osmostress activates the Hog1 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), which regulates diverse osmoadaptive responses. Hkr1 is a large, highly glycosylated, single-path transmembrane protein that is a putative osmosensor in one of the Hog1 upstream pathways termed the HKR1 subbranch. The extracellular region of Hkr1 contains both a positive and a negative regulatory domain. However, the function of the cytoplasmic domain of Hkr1 (Hkr1-cyto) is unknown. Here, using a mass spectrometric method, we identified a protein, termed Ahk1 (Associated with Hkr1), that binds to Hkr1-cyto. Deletion of the AHK1 gene (in the absence of other Hog1 upstream branches) only partially inhibited osmostress-induced Hog1 activation. In contrast, Hog1 could not be activated by constitutively active mutants of the Hog1 pathway signaling molecules Opy2 or Ste50 in ahk1Δ cells, whereas robust Hog1 activation occurred in AHK1+ cells. In addition to Hkr1-cyto binding, Ahk1 also bound to other signaling molecules in the HKR1 subbranch, including Sho1, Ste11, and Pbs2. Although osmotic stimulation of Hkr1 does not activate the Kss1 MAPK, deletion of AHK1 allowed Hkr1 to activate Kss1 by cross talk. Thus, Ahk1 is a scaffold protein in the HKR1 subbranch and prevents incorrect signal flow from Hkr1 to Kss1. PMID:26787842

    4. Determination of trace mercury in water based on N-octylpyridinium ionic liquids preconcentration and stripping voltammetry.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Li, Zhenhan; Xia, Shanhong; Wang, Jinfen; Bian, Chao; Tong, Jianhua

      2016-01-15

      A novel method for determination of trace mercury in water is developed. The method is performed by extracting mercury firstly with ionic liquids (ILs) and then detecting the concentration of mercury in organic media with anodic stripping voltammetry. Liquid-liquid extraction of mercury(II) ions by four ionic liquids with N-octylpyridinium cations ([OPy](+)) was studied. N-octylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate and N-octylpyridinium trifluoromethylsulfonate were found to be efficient and selective extractant for mercury. Temperature controlled dispersive liquid phase microextraction (TC-DLPME) technique was utilized to improve the performance of preconcentration. After extraction, precipitated IL was diluted by acetonitrile buffer and mercury was detected by differential pulse stripping voltammetry (DPSV) with gold disc electrode. Mercury was enriched by 17 times while interfering ions were reduced by two orders of magnitude in the organic media under optimum condition. Sensitivity and selectivity for electrochemical determination of mercury were improved by using the proposed method. Tap, pond and waste water samples were analyzed with recoveries ranging from 81% to 107% and detection limit of 0.05 μg/L. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    5. Trabajadores agrícolas y subjetividad en California

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Florencio Posadas Segura

      2014-01-01

      Full Text Available En este trabajo se explora el problema de la subjetividad de los trabajadores agríco - las, partiendo de la hipótesis de que éstos consideran malas sus condiciones de vida y de trabajo. Mediante el trabajo de campo se demostraron sus conocimientos y opi - niones sobre su situación laboral y existencial en el Valle de San Joaquín California durante 2007 y 2008. Se descubrió que la visión del trabajador agrícola está basada en la subjetivación y reinterpretación de sus circunstancias objetivas de trabajo y de vida. Se concluyó que los trabajadores agrícolas opinan que sus condiciones son pé - simas porque sus derechos laborales, sociales y humanos no se reconocen o respetan, la crisis económica, social y política de Estados Unidos les perjudica y el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá ( TLCAN sólo podría beneficiarles con una reforma migratoria.

    6. Opinion - Thyroid (dysfunction in heart failure: is it a potential target for medical treatment?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Alessandro Pingitore

      2005-07-01

      Full Text Available Alessandro Pingitore, Giorgio IervasiInstitute of Clinical Physiology, CNR, Pisa, ItalyIntroductionCurrently, there is little doubt that activation of the neuroendocrine (NE system is predominately responsible for the progressive decline of heart function in heart failure (HF. This is due to the complex action of neurotransmitters, hormonal factors, and/or immunological pathways. Evidence that supports this point of view is the clear prognostic benefit and the reduction of HF progression by using NE-guided therapeutic approaches (SOLVD investigators 1992; Eichhorn and Bristow 1996; Packer et al 1996; Opie 2004; Solomon et al 2004. However, the fact that HF represents one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in Western countries also suggests that the current portfolio of NE antagonists fails to completely explain and possibly counteract disease progression (Guyatt and Deveraux 2004. In this context, interest in the relationship between thyroid hormones (THs and HF is increasingly gaining prominence. The chief reason for the latter is the emerging novel actions of THs on the cardiovascular system and, more specifically, the role of TH as a prognostic biomarker of cardiac disease as well as the potential benefit of TH administration in patients with HF.

    7. Centralna Biblioteka Uniwersytecka Karola I w Bukareszcie

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Iuliana Grażyńska

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available W artykule omówione zostały doświadczenia, jakie autorka zdobyła podczas stażu w ramach programu Erasmus w Centralnej Bibliotece Uniwersyteckiej Karola I w Bukareszcie, jednej z najbardziej dotkniętych przez los bibliotek. Autorka odnotowuje różnice i podobieństwa między rumuńskim i polskim systemem bibliotecznym, omawia metody opracowywania książek w Oddziale Zbiorów Specjalnych, pozostałe usługi biblioteczne oraz przypomina burzliwą historię biblioteki. Bukareszteńska Biblioteka Uniwersytecka pierwsza w Rumunii wprowadziła zintegrowany system informacji. Książki opracowuje się w programie komputerowym opisów bibliograficznych VUBIS, który używa formatu UN IMAR C. Współpraca biblioteki z partnerami zagranicznymi pozwala na dostęp do najnowszych wyników badań i kompleksowych usług badawczych.

    8. Między kapitalizmem a socjalizmem. Marksistowska teoria okresu przejściowego

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Paweł Szelegieniec

      2014-01-01

      Full Text Available Niniejszy artykuł jest próbą przybliżenia problematyki „okresu przejściowego”, jaki zdaniem teoretyków marksistowskich, powinien nastąpić po obaleniu kapitalizmu przez rewolucję robotniczą. Podstawowym odniesieniem są dla mnie poglądy, jakie prezentowali marksiści podczas trzech „debat ekonomicznych” na temat „budowy socjalizmu” (debata o kalkulacji, debata o planowaniu w ZSRR i na Kubie po rewolucji. W celu opisu, w jaki sposób marksizm podchodzi do kwestii postkapitalistycznej rzeczywistości, bazowałem głównie na pismach Karola Marksa, Fryderyka Engelsa, Lwa Trockiego i Ernesta Mandela, w oparciu o które próbowałem stworzyć zarys modelu społeczno-gospodarczego. Opis, jaki wyłania się z prac wymienionych autorów, przedstawia społeczeństwo oparte na demokracji robotniczej w miejscu pracy (aspekt ekonomiczny i na poziomie państwa (aspekt polityczny oraz planowaniu demokratycznemu, mającemu na celu sukcesywne zaspokajanie oraz bardziej złożonych potrzeb społecznych. Tak opisany model postkapitalistycznego społeczeństwa stanowi radykalnie zaprzeczenie rzeczywistości, jaka istniała w (poststalinowskich reżimach biurokratycznych.

    9. Relations of image quality in on-line portal images and individual patient parameters for pelvic field radiotherapy

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Heuvel, F. van den; Neve, W. de; Coghe, M.; Verellen, D.; Storme, G.

      1992-01-01

      The aims of the present study involving 566 pelvic fields on 13 patients were: 1. To study the machine- and patient-related factors influencing image quality. 2. To study the factors related to machine, patient and patient set-up, influencing the errors of field set-up. 3. To develop a method for predicting the camera settings. The OPI device consisted of a fluorescent screen scanned by a video camera. An image quality score on a scale 0-5 was given for 546/566 fields. In a univariate analysis, open field subtraction adversely affected the score. The image score of anterior fields was significantly better than that of posterior fields. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression showed that, in addition to anterior or posterior field and subtraction, gender was also a significant predictor of image score. Errors requiring field adjustments were detected on 289/530 (54.5%) evaluable fields or 229/278 (82.4%) evaluable patient set-ups. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the probability of performing an adjustment was significantly related to gender, image quality and AP-PA diameter. The magnitude of adjustments made in the lateral direction correlated significantly with patient bulk. The camera kV level with gain held constant showed an exponential dependency on dose rate at the image detector plate and can thus be predicted by treatment planning. (orig.)

    10. DATA ACQUISITION FOR SNS BEAM LOSS MONITOR SYSTEM

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      YENG, Y.; GASSNER, D.; HOFF, L.; WITKOVER, R.

      2003-01-01

      The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) beam loss monitor system uses VME based electronics to measure the radiation produced by lost beam. Beam loss signals from cylindrical argon-filled ion chambers and neutron detectors will be conditioned in analog front-end (AFE) circuitry. These signals will be digitized and further processed in a dedicated VME crate. Fast beam inhibit and low-level, long-term loss warnings will be generated to provide machine protection. The fast loss data will have a bandwidth of 35kHz. While the low level, long-term loss data will have much higher sensitivity. This is further complicated by the 3 decade range of intensity as the Ring accumulates beam. Therefore a bandwidth of 100kHz and dynamic range larger than 21 bits data acquisition system will be required for this purpose. Based on the evaluation of several commercial ADC modules in preliminary design phase, a 24 bits Sigma-Delta data acquisition VME bus card was chosen as the SNS BLM digitizer. An associated vxworks driver and EPICS device support module also have been developed at BNL. Simulating test results showed this system is fully qualified for both fast loss and low-level, long-term loss application. The first prototype including data acquisition hardware setup and EPICS software (running database and OPI clients) will be used in SNS Drift Tube Linac (DTL) system commissioning

    11. Dandismo y rebeldía en el Perú: el caso de Abraham Valdelomar

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      Mónica Bernabé

      2014-06-01

      Full Text Available Abraham Valdelomar fue un “hombre nómade, versátil, inquieto como su tiempo” apunta Mariátegui en sus Siete ensayos de interpretación de la realidad peruana. Nuestro interés reside, precisamente, en considerar ese nomadismo como una modalidad constituyente en la construcción de su imagen. Narrador, ensayista, periodista, poeta, caudillo político, apóstol del nacionalismo, novio fiel, homosexual, opiómano, hijo amantísimo, decadente, primitivo, Valdelomar es también el que inaugura la profesión de escritor en el Perú. Fue el primero que logró vivir de lo que escribía y de las conferencias que dictaba. Su nomadismo, esto es, las sucesivas transfiguraciones de su persona resistiendo a los esquemas establecidos, es la clave que nos permite leer en su obra los conflictos que desatan las tensiones entre artificio y autenticidad, entre presentación y representación, entre simulación y verdad. En este marco estudiamos con especial atención sus cuentos criollistas, sus crónicas periodísticas, su epistolario y los discursos y conferencias ofrecidos en ocasión de sus viajes patrióticos al interior del Perú.

    12. Gerenciamento de resultados contábeis em oferta pública de ações

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sylvia Rejane Magalhães Domingos

      2017-01-01

      Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la práctica de la gestión de los ingresos por las empresas en períodos cercanos a la oferta pública de acciones. La muestra la formar on las compañías listadas en la BM&FBovespa que hic ieron OPI entre 2004 y 2013. Los modelos fueron utilizados Jones Modificado (1995 y Pae (2005 y se aplicó a la técnica de datos de panel. Los resultados del estudio sugieren que cuando las empresas gesti ona n sus resultados financieros para reducirlos , también buscan reducir la variabilidad de los beneficios, ya que cuando las empresas tratan de aumentar sus ganancias a través de la manipulación de beneficios es posible observar que esta práctica es más intensa en los trimestres en torno a la oferta pública.

    13. Investigations on human error hazards in recent unintended trip events of Korean nuclear power plants

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Kim, Sa Kil; Jang, Tong Il; Lee, Yong Hee; Shin, Kwang Hyeon

      2012-01-01

      According to the Operational Performance Information System (OPIS) which has been operated to improve the public understanding by the KINS (Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety), unintended trip events by mainly human errors counted up to 38 cases (18.7%) from 2000 to 2011. Although the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) industry in Korea has been making efforts to reduce the human errors which have largely contributed to trip events, the human error rate might keep increasing. Interestingly, digital based I and C systems is the one of the reduction factors of unintended reactor trips. Human errors, however, have occurred due to the digital based I and C systems because those systems require new or changed behaviors to the NPP operators. Therefore, it is necessary that the investigations of human errors consider a new methodology to find not only tangible behavior but also intangible behavior such as organizational behaviors. In this study we investigated human errors to find latent factors such as decisions and conditions in the all of the unintended reactor trip events during last dozen years. To find them, we applied the HFACS (Human Factors Analysis and Classification System) which is a commonly utilized tool for investigating human contributions to aviation accidents under a widespread evaluation scheme. The objective of this study is to find latent factors behind of human errors in nuclear reactor trip events. Therefore, a method to investigate unintended trip events by human errors and the results will be discussed in more detail

    14. Safety report for the Independent CO{sub 2} loop for cooling the samples irradiated in the RA reactor vertical experimental channels, Vol. VI; Album VI: Izvestaj o sigurnosti za nezavisno kolo CO{sub 2} za hladjenje uzoraka ozracivanih u VEK reaktora RA

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1964-07-01

      First part of the safety report for the Independent CO{sub 2} loop for cooling the samples irradiated in the RA reactor vertical experimental channels contains descriptions of the independent CO{sub 2} loop, system for regulation, measurement and control od the loop parameters, description of the dosimetry system, and the plan for testing the experimental device before start-up. Second part of this analysis describes the influence of of the experimental device on the reactor operation under steady state conditions as follows: influence of the head of the independent coolant loop on the reactivity of the reactor core and influence on the reactor temperature coefficient. Third part of the report includes the analysis of possible accidents during operation of the independent CO{sub 2} coolant loop in the reactor. Izvestaj o sigurnosti za nezavisno kolo CO{sub 2} za hladjenje uzoraka ozracivanih u VEK reaktora RA sadrzi u prvom delu: opis nezavisnog kola CO{sub 2}, sistema za regulaciju, merenje i kontrolu parametara nezavisnog kola, sistema dozimetrijske kontrole i plan ispitivanja eksperimentalnih uredjaja pre pustanja u rad. Drugi deo ove analize obuhvata uticaj eksperimentalnog uredjaja na reaktor u normalnom rezimu rada i to: uticaj glave petlje nezavisnog kola CO{sub 2} za hladjenje uzoraka na reaktivnost reaktora i uticaj uredjaja na temperaturni koeficijent reaktora. Treci deo sadrzi analizu mogucih akcidenata u toku rada nezavisnog kola CO{sub 2} u reaktoru.

    15. Development of a Radial Deconsolidation Method

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Helmreich, Grant W. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Montgomery, Fred C. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hunn, John D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

      2015-12-01

      A series of experiments have been initiated to determine the retention or mobility of fission products* in AGR fuel compacts [Petti, et al. 2010]. This information is needed to refine fission product transport models. The AGR-3/4 irradiation test involved half-inch-long compacts that each contained twenty designed-to-fail (DTF) particles, with 20-μm thick carbon-coated kernels whose coatings were deliberately fabricated such that they would crack under irradiation, providing a known source of post-irradiation isotopes. The DTF particles in these compacts were axially distributed along the compact centerline so that the diffusion of fission products released from the DTF kernels would be radially symmetric [Hunn, et al. 2012; Hunn et al. 2011; Kercher, et al. 2011; Hunn, et al. 2007]. Compacts containing DTF particles were irradiated at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) [Collin, 2015]. Analysis of the diffusion of these various post-irradiation isotopes through the compact requires a method to radially deconsolidate the compacts so that nested-annular volumes may be analyzed for post-irradiation isotope inventory in the compact matrix, TRISO outer pyrolytic carbon (OPyC), and DTF kernels. An effective radial deconsolidation method and apparatus appropriate to this application has been developed and parametrically characterized.

    16. Heavy water pumps; Pumpe D{sub 2}O

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Zecevic, V; Nikolic, M

      1963-12-15

      Continuous increase of radiation intensity was observed on all the elements in the heavy water system during first three years of RA reactor operation. The analysis of heavy water has shown the existence of radioactive cobalt. It was found that cobalt comes from stellite, cobalt based alloy which was used for coating of the heavy water pump discs in order to increase resistance to wearing. Cobalt was removed from the surfaces due to friction, and transferred by heavy water into the reactor where it has been irradiated for 29 876 MWh up to 8-15 Ci/g. Radioactive cobalt contaminated all the surfaces of aluminium and stainless steel parts. This report includes detailed description of heavy water pumps repair, exchange of stellite coated parts, decontamination of the heavy water system, distillation of heavy water. [Serbo-Croat] U toku prve tri godine eksploatacije reaktora RA uocen je neprekidni porast intenziteta zracenja na svim elementima u teskovodnom sistemu. Analizom teske vode utvrdjeno je postojanje radioaktivnog kobalta. Ustanovljeno je da kobalt potice od stelita, legure na bazi kobalta kojim su presvuceni rukavci vratila teskovodnih pumpi radi otpornosi na habanje. Kobalt je trenjem skidan sa povrsina, u toku rada prenosen je teskom vodom u reaktor i ozracivan u toku 29 876 MWh do specificne aktivnosti 8-15 Ci/g. Radioaktivni kobalt je kontaminirao sve povrsine od aluminijuma i nerdjajuceg celika. Ovaj izvestaj sadrzi detaljan opis remonta pumpi, zamene delova teskovodnih pumpi novim delovima bez stelitnog sloja, dekontaminacije teskovodnog sistema, destilacije teske vode.

    17. BADANIE MIESZANEK MINERALNO-ASFALTOWYCH W WARUNKACH ŚCINANIA PRZY KONTROLOWANEJ SZTYWNOŚCI WZDŁUŻNEJ

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Adam ZOFKA

      2016-07-01

      Full Text Available W artykule przedstawiono koncepcję nowej metody badania próbek z mieszanki mineralno-asfaltowej w warunkach ścinania z ciśnieniem bocznym. Dotychczas stosowane metody badawcze ścinania z obciążeniem bocznym opierają się na ocenie właściwości mieszanki mineralno-asfaltowej przy ścinaniu w warunkach stałej siły wzdłużnej lub stałej objętości badanej próbki. Nowa metoda badawcza pozwala na badanie ścinania przy stałej sztywności wzdłużnej. Aby możliwe było badanie według tej metody, zaprojektowano i wykonano specjalną przystawkę o nazwie AST (ang. Advanced Shear Tester. W artykule przedstawiono zarówno opis procesu twórczego podczas projektowania przystawki, jak wykonane urządzenie. Zaprezentowano pierwsze wyniki badań walidacyjnych uzyskanych przy użyciu przystawki na próbkach UHMW-PE oraz z mieszanki mineralno-asfaltowej.

    18. Tagging genes for drought resistance by DNA markers in wheat (abstract)

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Malik, T.A.; Rahman, S.; Zafar, Y.

      2005-01-01

      Wheat families (F/sub 3) raised from the seed of drought resistant and susceptible F/sub 2/ plants developed from the cross of drought resistant and susceptible parents were grown under greenhouse conditions in polyethylene tubes filled with soil and sand mixture. Drought stress was imposed and monitored at the seedling stage. The relative water content and net photosynthesis was recorded with increasing drought stress until a significant part of the seedling population had zero or negative net photosynthesis. The seedling with zero or negative net photosynthesis were named as drought susceptible and the seedlings at the same drought stress showing net photosynthesis were named as drought resistance. Twenty each of the most susceptible and resistant seedlings were selected for DNA extraction. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique using bulked segregant analysis was used to identify DNA markers linked to drought resistance. The primers OPJ-05, OPJ-14, OPI-20 and OPA-19 produced polymorphic DNA fragments between the contrasting bulks. The polymorphic DNA fragment of 1.55kb produced by the primer OPA-19 was found linked to drought resistance. This DNA marker can be used in markers-assisted selection for drought resistance or to clone drought resistance gene. (author)

    19. Funkcionalna nepismenost in kako jo rešujejo Francozi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dušana Findeisen

      1998-12-01

      Full Text Available Dušana Findeisen piše o funkcionalni pismenosti in razpravlja o tem, kako je težko opredeljiva. Tako pravi, da se moramo zadovoljiti zgolj s tem, da opišemo značilne oblike te osebne in družbene disfunkcije, ki se spreminja s kulturnim okoljem in trenutkom družbenega razvoja. Ko omenja verbalnost, pove, da se funkcionalno nepismen človek tudi jezikovno in miselno oplaja le v svojem ozkem okolju in zato ni čudno, da se širših socialnih okolij boji. Izobraževanje in organizacija na tem področju sta povsem odvisna od ljudi, ki jih izobražujemo, in od tistih, ki so voljni takšno izobraževanje ponuditii. Tudi slednje je treba neprestano izobraževati, bodisi da gre za zaposlene strokovnjake, bodisi za prostovoljce. Vendarle pa to še ne pomeni, da jim lahko kar koli predpisujemo, jih kakor koli omejujemo ali nadzorujemo. Lahko jih zgolj spoštujemo. Podobno kot v Franciji pa bi bila potrebna politična volja na državni in lokalni ravni, da bi se dorekli mehanizmi izvajanja politike preprečevanja in zdravljenja tega velikega družbenega zla.

    20. Izobraževanje starejših odraslih in pomen njihovega izobraževanja za njih same ter družbo

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dušana Findeisen

      2009-12-01

      Full Text Available Avtorica predstavi pomen izobraževanja starejših odraslih za dejavno staranje v dolgem prehodnem obdobju, imenovanem »čas med delom, upokojitvijo in starostjo«. Ta koncept prehodnega obdobja, prehoda v starost, namreč danes nadomešča starejši koncept pokoja. V tem času ljudje v poznejših letih življenja opravljajo plačano delo, se izobražujejo, se (občasno vračajo na trg dela, delajo prostovoljno. Avtorica piše o prebivalstvenih spremembah in o pomenu izobraženosti vseh in vseh skupin starejših odraslih za soočanje s staranjem družbe. Dušana Findeisen zastane pri vprašanju značilnosti izobraževalnih programov za starejše odrasle, obravnava vrednote, nosilce in oblike izobraževanja starejših. Nazadnje opiše slovensko univerzo za tretje življenjsko obdobje kot konceptualno eno najbolj celostno domišljenih oblik in modelov izobraževanja ljudi v poznejših letih življenja.

    1. Pressure analysis in the fabrication process of TRISO UO2-coated fuel particle

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Liu Malin; Shao Youlin; Liu Bing

      2012-01-01

      Highlights: ► The pressure signals during the real TRISO UO2-coated fuel particle fabrication process. ► A new relationship about the pressure drop change and the coated fuel particles properties. ► The proposed relationship is validated by experimental results during successive coating. ► A convenient method for monitoring the fluidized state during coating process. - Abstract: The pressure signals in the coating furnace are obtained experimentally from the TRISO UO 2 -coated fuel particle fabrication process. The pressure signals during the coating process are analyzed and a simplified relationship about the pressure drop change due to the coated layer is proposed based on the spouted bed hydrodynamics. The change of pressure drop is found to be consistent with the change of the combination factor about particle density, bed density, particle diameter and static bed height, during the successive coating process of the buffer PyC, IPyC, SiC and OPyC layer. The newly proposed relationship is validated by the experimental values. Based on this relationship, a convenient method is proposed for real-time monitoring the fluidized state of the particles in a high-temperature coating process in the spouted bed. It can be found that the pressure signals analysis is an effective method to monitor the fluidized state on-line in the coating process at high temperature up to 1600 °C.

    2. PHAMIT: A program on hiv/aids prevention among migrant workers

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Thongphit Pinyosinwat

      2010-09-01

      Full Text Available Prevention of HIV/AIDS Among Migrant Workers in Thailand – or “PHAMIT,” which in Thai means “friendly skies”.  The program led by the Raks Thai Foundation with seven NGO partners and one government agency focuses on HIV prevention and health services for migrant workers from Burma and Cambodia in the fisheries, seafood and related industries.  The program demonstrates the complexity of working with undocumented migrant workers and the need to address barriers to the access to health services, migrant rights and policy. The trained migrant health assistants play a significant role in implementation of the program at migrant communities and their workplaces.  Migrant health volunteers distribute information, education and communication materials, as well as condoms.  To increase migrant access to health and reproductive health care, all participating partners support the Department of Health Service Supports in organizing migrant-friendly health services at government health facilities.  These activities include sexual transmitted disease diagnosis and treatment, and voluntary HIV counseling and testing.  The services are based on the rights of migrant workers to basic services and migrants becoming aware of their rights and responsibilities. Over a five year period beginning in October 2003, the program has reached 442,000 migrants and more than 20,800 entertainment workers with information about HIV and reproductive health. A total of 6,878,500 condoms has been distributed.  In addition, over 155,080 migrant workers received information on health and labor rights, including regular updates about migrant registration policy. At the same time, through PHAMIT activities, over 13,330 government officials, employers and journalists attended sensitization workshops on issues of migrants’ rights and policies.Le programme PHAMIT (Prevention of HIV/AIDS Among Migrant Workers in Thailand, qui signifie « cieux amicaux » en thaï, est

    3. DANCE AND SHAMANISM: MITH-RITUALISTIC EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN GUARANI’S EVERYDAY LIFE

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ana Luisa Menezes

      2008-06-01

      Full Text Available Este artigo busca desenvolver uma reflexão sobre a dança Guarani e o xamanismo, enfocando os aspectos mitológicos e ritualísticos dentro de um processo educativo e cotidiano. Na dança, a consciência da coletividade é vivenciada através do pensamento e do sentimento. A vivência provocada pelo coletivo na dança pode ser traduzida como nhandereté, corpo de todos, como divina e produtora de alegria. Nas intempéries do cotidiano, o Guarani produz beleza e alegria, porque são a expressão de suas identidades divinas. Através de conversas e depoimentos com os jovens Guaranis, buscou-se enfocar as elaborações feitas por estes, do conhecimento mitológico e da vivência cotidiana.O rito cumpre uma função vivificadora do mito e estes dois aspectos são percebidos como entrelaçados à dança e à Opy. Todos estes aspectos são vividos pelos jovens e adultos de uma forma muito inquietante que os levam à um movimento permanente de indagações, buscas e redefinições. Dentro desse processo, a Opy, o Karaí e a dança são destacadas como fundantes da cultura Guarani e servem como pontos de estabilização dentro de um cotidiano tão dinâmico. A dança, enquanto rito, transporta os Guaranis a um tempo de reconhecimento de suas identidades, de um ritmo de vida. O rito Guarani está ligado a uma estrutura profunda de organização coletiva emocional, dentro de uma função vital, de elevação espiritual e uma integração ao seu sistema de pertença. Para os Guaranis, Nhanderú ensinou a dança e mandou dançar a dança. Esta surge de uma percepção mitológica e o seu surgimento confunde-se com a própria existência Guarani. A espiritualidade nasce de uma relação vital, de movimento.A educação xamânica é apreendida pelos sentidos. A noção principal de conhecimento é o Arandurekó, conhecimento que se aprende ao longo da vida, num tempo-ritmo próprio. A dança-rito possibilita a conexão entre corpo e espírito, proporcionando

    4. Comunicado acerca de las Sustancias que Producen Drogadicción

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Academia Nacional de Medicina

      1994-09-01

      Full Text Available

      Informe y conclusiones de la Comisión designada por la Academia Nacional de Medicina para el estudio sobre DROGADICCIÓN, integrada por los Académicos Roberto De Zubiría, Coordinador; José Francisco Socarrás, Enrique Núñez Olarte, Mario Camacho Pinto, Guillermo Sánchez Medina y con intervención del Académico Fernando Sánchez Torres.

      La Comisión nombrada por la presidencia de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia para redactar las conclusiones sobre los trabajos presentados acerca de las sustancias que producen drogadicción, se ha reunido en varias oportunidades y determinado proponer a la consideración de la Academia las siguientes conclusiones:

      1. La drogadicción es una enfermedad neuropsicológica y social cuyo desarrollo frecuente suele ser el consumo abusivo de drogas para sentirse en condiciones placenteras y evitar el dolor o malestar corriente en la adaptación a las variedades ambientales y en consecuencia del trabajo o de las pesadumbres de la vida corriente. Es bien sabido que en el cerebro existen seis grupos de receptores opiáceos, de los cuales uno regula la conducta emocional, otro la percepción del dolor, y uno más la disforia, todo lo cual provoca las modificaciones respectivas en el comportamiento.

      2. Los farmacodependientes tienen un perfil caracterológico distorsionado; inmadurez flagrante, poderosas tendencias narcisistas y autodestructivas, exigencia a vivir sólo el presente de modo agradable y gratificante, incapacidad para enfrentar tensiones ante las cuales emplean la evasión y la negación de la realidad, mediante mecanismos imaginativos, para lo cual ciertas drogas son de una ayuda inigualable.

      3. Lo anterior implica que todo farmacodependiente requiere tratamiento médico, psiquiátrico y social, teniendo en cuenta la clase de fármacos a la que es adicto. Tales fármacos son los siguientes: a Los depresores que provocan dependencia física y

    5. Caracterização molecular de cultivares de cebola por marcadores RAPD Molecular characterization of onion cultivars by RAPD markers

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Daniela L Leite

      2009-12-01

      Full Text Available Em plantas alógamas, as cultivares constituem uma fonte de variação genética planta-a-planta no qual o melhorista pode obter novos materiais. A variabilidade genética entre indivíduos ou populações tem sido medida através de marcadores moleculares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar molecularmente, através da análise de RAPD (Random Amplified Polimorphic DNA, a diversidade genética existente em um grupo de cultivares de cebola recomendadas para o cultivo na Região Sul do Brasil. Foram analisados 11 iniciadores em DNAs provenientes de um total de 90 plantas individuais oriundas das cultivares Baia Periforme, Bola Precoce, BRS Cascata, Crioula, Primavera e Roxa. As plantas foram genotipadas através dos produtos visualizados em gel de agarose e uma matriz de presença/ausência de bandas foi utilizada nas análises de similaridade genética (coeficiente de Jaccard e de agrupamento pelo método UPGMA. Os 11 iniciadores geraram 140 (86,4% bandas polimórficas. O número de fragmentos por iniciador variou de 10 (UBC105 até 18 (OPA10; OPC11; OPI1 com uma média de 15 bandas por iniciador. A técnica de RAPD mostrou-se eficiente na caracterização molecular, permitindo a formação de grupos de cultivares de acordo com a sua população de origem, com uma similaridade média de 63%. Conclui-se que as cultivares de cebola recomendadas para a Região Sul do Brasil, apresentam divergência genética, com potencial de serem exploradas por melhoristas, no desenvolvimento de genótipos superiores.In alogam plants, the cultivars constitute a source of plant-to-plant genetic variation from which the breeder can obtain new materials. Genetic variability among individuals or populations has been measured through molecular markers. The objective of this work was to evaluate the genetic diversity in a group of onion cultivars recommended for cultivation in the Southern Region of Brazil by RAPD (Random Amplified Polimorphic DNA analysis. Eleven

    6. Incidência de tremor em anestesia peridural com ou sem fentanil: estudo comparativo

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      Abreu Múcio Paranhos de

      2004-01-01

      Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A maioria dos trabalhos encontrados na literatura, relacionando a influência dos opióides administrados por via peridural com o tremor intra e pós-operatório, foram realizados com grupos de pacientes obstétricas, nas quais a resposta do centro termorregulador pode ser diferente das pacientes não grávidas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o bloqueio peridural com e sem fentanil, quanto à incidência de tremores e outras complicações no intra e pós-operatório em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de varizes sob anestesia peridural com bupivacaína a 0,5% com adrenalina a 1:200.000. MÉTODO: Trinta e quatro pacientes, estado físico ASA I e II, submetidos à cirurgia para tratamento de varizes de membros inferiores, foram divididos aleatoriamente em 2 grupos (n = 17, e receberam midazolam (0,05 mg.kg-1, por via venosa seguido de anestesia peridural lombar, utilizando-se no grupo S, 20 ml bupivacaína a 0,5% (com vasoconstritor associado a 2 ml de solução fisiológica a 0,9% e no grupo F, 20 ml de bupivacaína a 0,5% (com vasoconstritor associada ao fentanil (100 µg. Foram estudados: incidência de tremor, temperatura dos pacientes, necessidade do uso de meperidina, e a incidência de náuseas e vômitos nos seguintes momentos: M1 - admissão do paciente na sala de operação; M2 - imediatamente antes da anestesia; M3 - 30 minutos após o término da injeção do anestésico local; M4 - 60 minutos após o término da injeção do anestésico local; M5 - 90 minutos após o término da injeção do anestésico local; M6 - final da anestesia; M7 - antecedendo a alta da sala de recuperação pós-anestésica. RESULTADOS: Quanto aos dados antropométricos, estado físico, tempo médio de duração da anestesia e cirurgia, temperatura dos pacientes e da sala de operação e incidência de náuseas e vômitos não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos. Houve diferença estatística aos 60 minutos (M4 e

    7. Kadın Çalışanların Yöneticilere İlişkin Algıları: Bir Alan Çalışması

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      İsmail BAKAN

      2013-09-01

      Full Text Available İşletmelerde yönetim kademesinde yer alan kişilerin ne tür bir liderlik tarzına sahip oldukları çalışanların davranışları ve işletmeye ilişkin tutumları üzerinde önemli etkiye sahiptir. Bu nedenle işletmelerdeki yöneticilerin liderlik tarzlarının çalışanlar açısından nasıl algılandığının tespit edilerek ortaya konulması yöneticiler tarafından başarılı bir yönetim sergilenmesinde yol gösterici olacaktır. Literatürde liderlik tarzlarına ilişkin çeşitli ayrımlar bulunmakta olup bu çalışmada öncelikle liderlik kavramı ve liderlik tarzlarına ilişkin genel bilgiler verilerek, daha sonra otokratik, demokratik ve serbest bırakıcı liderlik tarzları açıklanacaktır. Çalışmanın ikinci bölümünde ise Kahramanmaraş’ta lokomotif sektör olarak görülen tekstil sektöründe, kadın çalışanların çalıştıkları işletmelerde bulunan yöneticilerin, liderlik tarzlarına ilişkin algılarını ölçmek amacıyla yapılan bir alan araştırmasına yer verilecektir.

    8. Organic Fertilizers Improves Trembesi Samanea Saman Seedling Growth A Case Study Of The Implementation Of Post-Mining Land Reclamation And Revegetation Within The Forest Cultivation Zone

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      Suria Darma

      2017-10-01

      Full Text Available This study aimed to 1 determine the effect of each organic fertilizer dosage a the growth variables of Trembesi seedlings and b the quality of planting media after 120 days planted Trembesi Seedlings. This study also aimed to 2 obtain the optimum dose of organic fertilizer to be applied to the implementation of post-mining land reclamation and revegetation within the Forest Cultivation Zone. This research used various manure Control without fertilizer NPK synthetic fertilizer control chicken manure cow manure and organic litter compost. Each of the organic fertilizer was given at doses of 125 250 and 375 gpolybag. The test plants used were Trembesi seedlings Samanea saman at 4 months of age.The experimental design was prepared using Randomized Block Design RAK with 5 replications in each test plant group. Data analysis was completed with Fisher LSD Test and Duncan Multiple Range Test DMRT as well as regression analysis.The treatment of organic fertilizer dosage showed significant in all variables of growth of trembesi seedlings except on average of Trembesi seedlings height at 90 days after planting DAP and on average stem diameter of Trembesi seed of 30 60 90 120 DAP. Effect of organic fertilizer dosage to planting medium after 120 days planted Trembesi seedling. All variations of fertilization dose increase the pH value organic C N-total CN ratio available P available K Ca Mg Na K and cation exchange rate CEC. Treatment dose of 375gpolybag of chicken manure was the best treatment dose with the highest number of twigs on Trembesi seedlings at the age of 30 DAP 21.00 twigs 60 DAP 36.40 twigs 90 DAP 63.60 twigs 120 DAP 106.60 twigs The Longest length of twig was found on Trembesi seedlings with age of 30 DAP 17.95 cm 60 DAP21.61 cm 90 DAP 28.49 cm 120 DAP 32.11 cm longest root length and heaviest biomass weight of Trembesi seedling wasfor the age of 120 DAP which were 58.80 cm and 487.22 g respectively.

    9. APPLICATIONS LIQUID ORGANIC FERTILIZER AND COMPOSITION OF PLANT MEDIA TO RESULT OF SELADA PLANTS (Lactuca sativa L

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      Sri Hidayati

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available Abstract:           Lettuce (lactuca sativa is a vegetable that has a very high economic value. Where this plant can be grown in temperate and tropical regions, Lettuce production is still low, then this plant needs to be given fertilizer treatment. One of the fertilizer that can be used is liquid organic fertilizer. Liquid Organic Fertilizer has several benefits such as to encourage and increase the growth and yield of plants.             Objective: To know the effect of combination of planting media composition and liquid organic fertilizer to growth and yield of lettuce crop; To know the influence of plant plant composition on growth and yield of lettuce plant; To know the effect of liquid organic fertilizer on growth and yield of lettuce plant.            The experiment was conducted in experimental garden of Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Merdeka Surabaya Jl.Ketintang Madya VII / 2 Surabaya, with the space 0-20 meters above sea level.      This research is a pot experiment and is a two factor factorial research with Randomized Block Design (RAK, the first factor is Liquid Organic Fertilizer with 3 levels and the second factor is the composition of planting media with 4 levels. Where Factor I: liquid organic fertilizer consisting of: P1: 1 ml / plant; P2: 2 ml / plant; P3: 3 ml / plant, Factor II: planting medium consisting of 4 (four levels, namely: M1: soil + manure + rice husk: 2: 1: 1; M2: soil + manure + rice husk: 1: 1: 1; M3: ground + manure + sand: 2: 1: 1; M4: ground + manure + sand: 1: 1: 1, treatment repeated 3 times and each treatment there are 2 plant samples, so the number of plants as much 72 or 72 polybag.Based on the results of research conducted, it can be concluded as follows:1. POC concentration factor (P showed significant influence on all variables studied such as leaf number, plant length and wet weight of plant.2. The media composition factor (M showed a nonsignificant effect

    10. Integrated sequence analysis. Final report

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Andersson, K.; Pyy, P

      1998-02-01

      The NKS/RAK subprojet 3 `integrated sequence analysis` (ISA) was formulated with the overall objective to develop and to test integrated methodologies in order to evaluate event sequences with significant human action contribution. The term `methodology` denotes not only technical tools but also methods for integration of different scientific disciplines. In this report, we first discuss the background of ISA and the surveys made to map methods in different application fields, such as man machine system simulation software, human reliability analysis (HRA) and expert judgement. Specific event sequences were, after the surveys, selected for application and testing of a number of ISA methods. The event sequences discussed in the report were cold overpressure of BWR, shutdown LOCA of BWR, steam generator tube rupture of a PWR and BWR disturbed signal view in the control room after an external event. Different teams analysed these sequences by using different ISA and HRA methods. Two kinds of results were obtained from the ISA project: sequence specific and more general findings. The sequence specific results are discussed together with each sequence description. The general lessons are discussed under a separate chapter by using comparisons of different case studies. These lessons include areas ranging from plant safety management (design, procedures, instrumentation, operations, maintenance and safety practices) to methodological findings (ISA methodology, PSA,HRA, physical analyses, behavioural analyses and uncertainty assessment). Finally follows a discussion about the project and conclusions are presented. An interdisciplinary study of complex phenomena is a natural way to produce valuable and innovative results. This project came up with structured ways to perform ISA and managed to apply the in practice. The project also highlighted some areas where more work is needed. In the HRA work, development is required for the use of simulators and expert judgement as

    11. İnkübasyon Sıcaklığının Kefirin Bazı Nitelikleri Üzerine Etkisi

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      Nesrin Kaptan

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Kefirin bazı nitelikleri üzerine, farklı inkübasyon sıcaklıklarının etkisinin araştırıldığı bu çalışmada, 20±1 oC (A, 25±1 oC (B ve 30±1 oC (C de 16 saat süreyle inkübasyon ve iki gün süreyle olgunlaştırma aşamalarından sonra, örnekler titrasyon asitliği, pH, viskozite, serum ayrılması gibi bazı kalite ölçütleri yanısıra asetaldehit, etil alkol gibi aroma unsurları ve duyusal özellikleri yönünden karşılaştırılmıştır. Denenen inkübasyon sıcaklıkları örneklerin titrasyon asitliği üzerinde önemli bir etki yaratmış (P<0.01 ve en yüksek titrasyon asitliği değeri 30 oC de inkübe edilen örneklerde saptanmıştır. PH değeri, viskozite, serum ayrılması ve asetaldehit içeriği açısından örnekler arasında istatistik olarak önemli bir farklılık görülmemiş, bu niteliklerdeki önemli değişimler olgunlaştırma süresi içinde ortaya çıkmıştır. Toplam uçucu yağ asitleri ve karbondioksit içeriklerinde ise gerek inkübasyon sıcaklıkları ve gerekse olgunlaştırma süresi önemli bir farklılığa yol açmamıştır. Duyusal nitelikler yönünden, 25 oC de inkübasyona bırakılan kefir örneği beğenilmiştir.

    12. Karakavakta anaçlık yöntemiyle sırık çeliği üretim tekniğinin belirlenmesi

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      Dr. Selda AKGÜL

      2016-12-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, kavak dikim materyali üretiminde, en pratik ve ekonomik metot olarak tespit edilen, anaçlık usulü ile “KOCABEY”, “GAZİ” ve “GEYVE” karakavak klonlarında, ağaçlandırmalarda kullanılmak üzere, bir ve iki yaşlı sırık çeliği standart üretim metodu tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Bir ve iki yaşlı sırık çeliği üretiminde, aralık-mesafenin ve anaçtaki sürgün sayısının etkili olup olmadığını belirlemek amacıyla, rastlantı bloklarında bölünmüş parseller deneme deseni kullanılarak Ankara-Behiçbey Orman Fidanlığında denemeler tesis edilmiştir. Çalışmadan elde edilen sonuçlara göre, bir yaşlı sırık çeliği üretiminde, denenen geniş aralık-mesafe grubu (1,6x0,4 m, üretilen miktar açısından daha iyi sonuç vermiştir. Anaçta bırakılacak sürgün adedi sayısının ise önemli olmadığı görülmüştür. İki yaşlı sırık çeliği üretiminde ise; her üç klonda da, denenen işlemlerin etkisinin çok fazla olmadığı kanaatine ulaşılmıştır.

    13. PERFORMANS DAN INDEKS KELEMBABAN SUHU KELINCI JANTAN (Lepus nigricollis YANG DIPELIHARA DENGAN LUAS LANTAI KANDANG DAN DIBERI RANSUM DENGAN IMBANGAN ENERGI DAN PROTEIN BERBEDA

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      Eny Puspani

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian yang bertujuan mempelajari indeks kelembaban suhu atau temperature humidity index dan performans kelinci jantan lokal pada kepadatan ternak berbeda dan diberi ransum dengan imbangan energi protein berbeda telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK pola Faktorial 2 x 3 dengan empat kali ulangan (blok. Sebagai perlakuan pertama adalah imbangan energi dan protein pada ransum (R yang terdiri dari ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 2500 kkal/kg dan protein kasar 17% dengan imbangan energi dan protein 147 (R1, ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 2800 kkal/kg dengan kandungan protein kasar 18,5% dengan imbangan energy dan protein 151 (R2. Sebagai perlakuan kedua adalah luas lantai kandang (L yang terdiri dari 3500 cm2 (L1, 1750 cm2 (L2 dan 1166 cm2 (L3. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa iklim mikro pada perlakuan tingkat kepadatan ternak dan ransum dengan imbangan energi dan protein yang berbeda memberikan pengaruh tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05 terhadap kelembapan udara, temperatur udara, “temperature humidity index” dan radiasi matahari. Performans pada perlakuan ransum dengan imbangan energy dan protein R1 menyebabkan konsumsi air, ransum, berat badan akhir dan pertambahan berat badan lebih tinggi (P0,05. Performans pada perlakuan tingkat kepadatan ternak L2 dan L3 menyebabkan konsumsi air dan ransum lebih tinggi sehingga berat badan akhir pada kandang L2 dan L3 juga lebih tinggi dibandingkan L1 kecuali pertambahan berat badan dan FCR memberikan pengaruh tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terjadi perbedaan iklim mikro pada kandang dengan perlakuan ransum dengan imbangan energi dan protein berbeda serta perlakuan dengan tingkat kepadatan ternak berbeda. Kelinci yang diberi ransum dengan imbangan energi dan protein 147 (R1 menghasilkan performans lebih tinggi daripada imbangan energi dan protein 151 (R2. Kelinci yang dipelihara pada tingkat

    14. Pemanfaatan Limbah Kulit Jagung untuk Produk Modular dengan Teknik Pilin

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      Artarita Ginting

      2016-04-01

      Full Text Available ABSTRAKPengembangan industri kreatif tanpa limbah merupakan persyaratan penting bagi keseimbangan yang baik antara peningkatan usaha industri, daya dukung alam dan kesejahteraan manusia yang tinggal di lingkungan tersebut. Sangat sedikit usaha para pelaku industri untuk mengoptimalkan manfaat sebuah hasil alam hingga tidak menghasilkan limbah sama sekali. Kulit jagung merupakan salah satu limbah rumah tangga dan industri kecil yang jumlahnya berlimpah namun kurang optimal dalam pemanfaatannya. Produksi dan konsumsi jagung merupakan bagian dari satu sistem kehidupan yang utuh sehingga patut dipertimbangkan strategi pelaksanaannya agar daya dukung lingkungan tetap kuat. Penelitian eksperimental bahan kulit jagung ini bertujuan memanfaatkan limbah kulit jagung sebagai bahan alternatif produk kerajinan secara optimal tanpa menghasilkan limbah kembali. Dalam penelitian yang menggunakan metode penelitian eksperimen bahan posttest-only, diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa pengawetan dengan rendaman CH3COOH selama 24 jam dan proses penjemuran selama 3 jam pada jam 9 pagi hingga jam 12 siang menghasilkan serat kulit jagung yang memiliki kekuatan tarik paling tinggi dan warna yang cerah. Sedangkan teknik pemilinan membantu untuk menambah kekuatan tarik melalui kepadatan dari hasil pilinan kulit jagung. Hasil penelitian eksperimen bahan digunakan untuk membuat spesifikasi performa produk bagi konsep perancangan desain rak anyam modular yang diwujudkan dengan teknik sambung pasak yang praktis dalam penggunaannya. Kata kunci: tanpa limbah, pilinan kulit jagung, kaleng bekas, modular ABSTRACT  The development of zero waste creative industry is a vital prerequisite for a healthy balance between industrial development, nature support capacity and community welfare within the area. There are only a few number of industries that consider to optimalized their raw materials towards zero waste goal. Corn husk is one of the industrial and residential waste that is under

    15. magna (Straus, 1820.

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      Hatice Parlak

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Nif Çayi Kirletilmiş Tatli Su ve Sedimentinin Daphnia magna (Strauss, 1820 Üzerine Akut Ve Kronik Toksisitesi. Nif Çayı Endüstriyel, evsel ve tarımsal deşarjlar ile doğrudan kirlenmektedir. Çayın suyunun evsel ve endüstriyel alanlarda sulama ve yıkama suyu olarak kullanılması rahatsızlık verici boyuttadır, bu nedenle doğal populasyonlar için potansiyel toksisitesinin bilinmesi büyük öneme sahiptir. Bu çalışmanın amacı Nif Çayı su ve sediment örneklerinin su piresi Daphnia magna kullanılarak toksisitesinin belirlenmesidir. Su ve sediment örneklerinin letal toksisitesi 48-saat akut test, subletal toksisite ise 7-gün kronik test ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. D.magna kullanılarak yapılan 48 saat Akut test sonuçlarına göre LC 50 değerleri su örnekleri için 6.8 ile 12.67 µl/L arasında sediment örnekleri içn 6.826 ile 38.038 µg/L arasında bulunmuştur. Subletal konsantrasyonlara maruz bırakılarak yapılan kronik testler sonucunda tüm istasyonlardan alınan su ve sediment örneklerin canlının üremesi üzerine negatif etkisi olduğu gözlenmiştir. Elde edilen veriler ışığında bu deneme sisteminin rutin kirlilik belirleme çalışmaları için uygunluğu tespit edilmiştir

    16. EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN Trichoderma sp UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN PENYAKIT LAYU FUSARIUM (Fusarium oxysporium DAN PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT TANAMAN PISANG

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      Bukhari Bukhari

      2018-02-01

      Full Text Available             Penelitian ini dilakukan di Pante Cermin  Kecamatan Padang Tiji Kabupaten Pidie.  pada bulan Maret  sampai dengan bulan Agustus 2015, dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui efisiensi penggunaan Trichoderma sp terhadap pertumbuhan beberapa jenis bibit Pisang (Musa Paracica L.  Penelitian ini mengunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK pola faktorial dengan faktor yang diteliti  adalah Jenis pisang  dan dosis trichoderma.  Kedua faktor terdiri dari 4 taraf yaitu: Pisang Barangan (J1,pisang Ambon (J2, pisang Raja (G3 dan pisang Geupok (J4.  Sedangkan dosis  Tricoderma sp  yaitu :TO = 0 g/ bibit T1 = 15 g/ bibit  T2 = 30 g/ bibit  dan T3 = 45 g/ bibit.  Sehingga terdapat 16 kombinasi perlakuan dan diulang 3 kali,  yang menghasilkan 48 satuan percobaan.            Untuk mengetahui pengaruh masing-masing perlakuan serta interaksinya terhadap pertumbuhan bibit pisang, dilakukan analisis ragam (Uji F dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Beda Nyata Jujur (BNJ pada taraf 5%.            Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara fisul pertumbuhan bibit pisang yang baik diantara 4 jenis yang diteliti ditunjukkkan oleh pisang Barangan namun secara statistika tidak berbeda dengan pisang 3 jenis pisang lainnya.  Namun pemberian trichoderma sampai umur 4 bulan belum memeperlihatkan pertumbuhan dan intensitas serangan yang berbeda nyata, sehingga harus diperpanjang masa penelitian menjadi 6 Bulan.   Setelah 6 bulan  penelitian ternyata telah ada perbedaan pertumbuhan dan    intensitas serangan,  dimana intensitas serangan yang paling besar diperlihatkan oleh T0 (tanpa pemberian trichoderma . Sedang intensitas serangan terkecil diperlihatkan oleh T3 (Dosis trichoderma sp 45 gr/bibit pisang. Jenis pisang tidak berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan dan Intensitas serangan layu fusarium. serta  interaksi   kedua faktor tersebut berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap pertumbuhan bibit pisang dan intensitas serangan penyakit layu

    17. Pertumbuhan Setek Sambung Kina (Cinchona sp. Klon QRC Akibat Perbedaan Panjang Setek Batang Atas

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      Joko Santoso

      2016-07-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh variasi panjang setek terhadap  pertumbuhan setek sambung kina (Cinchona sp klon QRC telah dilaksanakan di kebun percobaan Pusat Penelitian Teh dan Kina (PPTK Gambung, Kabupaten Bandung, dengan ketinggian kurang lebih 1300 meter di atas permukaan laut, jenis tanah Andisol, tipe iklim B menurut klasifikasi Schmidt dan Fergusson (1951 dengan curah hujan rata-rata antara 2000 - 3000 mm per tahun dan suhu rata-rata 13,5oC- 21,1oC.  Kelembaban relatif antara 68% sampai 97%. Menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan 5 perlakuan dan diulang lima kali. Jumlah tanaman per plot adalah 50 tanaman: perlakuan panjang setek terdiri dari  5 cm,  7 cm,  9 cm, 11 cm, dan 13 cm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Panjang setek sambung atas yang berbeda memberikan pengaruh yang berbeda terhadap persentase setek hidup, panjang setek, jumlah daun, jumlah akar dan panjang akar bibit kina di pembibitan. Penggunaan setek sambung dengan panjang 7 cm,  memberikan pengaruh yang paling baik terhadap pertumbuhan bibit sambung kina (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens di pembibitan yang ditunjukkan oleh persentase hidup, jumlah daun, tinggi bibit dan jumlah akar yang lebih tinggi dibanding perlakuan yang lain. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of variation in the length of cuttings on the growth of grafted cutting of cinchona (Cinchona  Sp. clone QRC. The research was conducted in Gambung Experimental Garden, Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona, Bandung at 1,300 m above sea level, Andisol soil type with type B of climate according to the classification of Schmidt and Fergusson (1951, average of rainfall between 2,000 mm – 3,000 mm per year, average temperature of 13,5oC – 21,1oC, and relative humidity of 68% – 97%. The research used randomized block design (RBD with five treatments and five replications. The treatment was length of cutting was consisted of 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13 cm. The

    18. Pengaruh Fungi Indigenous Toleran Zn terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Jagung di Media Tailing Steril

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      Ratna Santi

      2015-07-01

      Full Text Available Keberadaan logam Zn dalam jumlah tertentu di tailing pasca tambang akan berdampak pada rendahnya populasi mikroba tanah dan menghambat pertumbuhan tanaman. Aplikasi pemanfaatan fungi indigenus dari lahan tercemar merupakan salah satu usaha dalam memperbaiki sifat tanah untuk pertumbuhan tanaman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh inokulasi fungi dan toksisitas Zn terhadap pertumbuhan jagung pada fase VE-V9 di media tailing steril.  Fungi diisolasi dari tailing lahan pasca penambangan timah di Sungailiat  Bangka. Tiga isolat dari 15 isolat dipilih untuk pengujian pengaruh inokulasi fungi terhadap pertumbuhan jagung. Percobaan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok(RAK dua faktor dengan perlakuan jenis fungi dan konsentrasi Zn. Isolat yang digunakan toleran terhadap Zn pada konsentrasi 0-25 ppm dan mampu menghasilkan fitohormon. Hasil percobaan di rumah kaca menunjukkan bahwa inokulasi fungi nyata memperbaiki pertumbuhan jagung, dibandingkan tanpa inokulan. Serapan tertinggi ditunjukkan oleh isolat R 7J1, namun pertumbuhan jagung terbaik didapatkan dari inokulasi isolat B 2J1. The existence of Zn metal in a certain amount in the post tin mine tailings will result in low soil microbial populations and inhibit plant growth. Application of indigenous fungi utilization on contaminated land is one effort to improve soil properties for plant growth.This study aimed to determine the effect of inoculation of fungi and toxicity of zinc on the growth of corn in the phase of VE-V9 in sterile tailings medium. Fungi were isolated from post tin mining tailings tin lands in Bangka Sungailiat. Three isolates from 15 isolates were selected to test the effect of fungal inoculation on the growth of corn. Experiment used a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD two factors with fungi and Zn concentration treatments.Tolerant isolates used were at a concentration of 0-25 ppm Zn and capable to produce phytohormones. Result of experiment in greenhouse

    19. Yoğurt Yapımında Saf Kültürün Kullanımı

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      Sevda Kılıç

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Yoğurt, sütün L. bulgaricus ve S. thermophilus bakterilerini belirli oranlarda içeren kültürle aşılanması sonucu elde edilen bir süt mamülüdür. Yoğurt teknolojisinde yaklaşık 70 yıldır kültür kullanılmaktadır. Kültürün hazırlanmasında yararlanılan bakteriler, belirli özellikleri dikkate alınarak seçilmektedir. Daha sonra yağsız süt tozundan hazırlanan süte aşılanarak 42-44 oC’de inkübasyona bırakılmakta ve pH 4.7 olduğunda inkübasyona son verilerek çoğaltımı ve aktifleşmeleri sağlanmaktadır. Günümüzde diğer ülkelerde olduğu gibi ülkemizde de kültür kullanımı gıda maddeleri tüzüğünün 51. maddesine göre zorunlu tutulmaktadır. Ancak buna rağmen kültür, tam anlamıyla bilinmemekte veya bilinçli olarak kullanılmamaktadır. Yoğurt teknolojisinde kültür, kullanımı ile daha kaliteli yoğurt yapılmaktadır. Uzun süre tat, aroma ve yapısı bozulmadan saklanabilmekte, raf ömrü uzamaktadır. Normal sertlikte olan yoğurtta asitlik istenilen düzeyde olduğu için su salmada görülmez.

    20. Profilaktyka, monitorowanie i leczenie raka gruczołu krokowego na podstawie aktualnego przeglądu literatury urologicznej

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      Tomasz Ząbkowski

      2009-03-01

      Full Text Available Wśród nowotworowych przyczyn zgonów w Polsce rak stercza zajmuje trzecie miejsce, po raku płuc i żołądka. W Stanach Zjednoczonych jest na pierwszym miejscu. W Unii Europejskiej z powodu raka gruczołu krokowego umiera każdego roku ponad 85 000 mężczyzn. Dotyka on często mężczyzn w sile wieku, a długi i złożony proces jego leczenia negatywnie wpływa na efektywność i stabilność życiową. W początkowym stadium choroba przebiega często bezobjawowo, co powoduje, że mężczyźni nie są świadomi zagrożenia i nie podejmują czynności profilaktyczno-leczniczych. Uwzględniając wymienione zagrożenia, celowe jest podjęcie działań zmierzających do uruchomienia systemu profilaktyki, leczenia i monitorowania chorych z rakiem gruczołu krokowego, co będzie stanowić gwarancję utrzymania wymaganego poziomu stanu zdrowia. Funkcjonowanie takiego systemu oparte jest na podstawach naukowych. Jeden z jego elementów to opracowanie wskaźników (funkcji zdrowia i zachorowań pacjentów płci męskiej z uwzględnieniem ich struktury wiekowej. Realizując pracę badawczą, autorzy artykułu starali się umiejscowić podjęty problem profilaktyki i leczenia raka gruczołu krokowego na tle istniejących już osiągnięć naukowych. Dokonano pogłębionej analizy opracowań w aspekcie rozwiązań praktycznych. Zauważono, że dotyczą one dwóch zasadniczych obszarów, odnoszą się do badań podstawowych i rozwiązań aplikacyjnych.

    1. 2. Sınıf Türkçe Ders Kitabındaki Metinlerin Okunabilirlik Açısından İncelenmesi

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      BAYRAM BAŞ

      2015-01-01

      Full Text Available Ülkemiz, uluslararası platformda okuma becerilerini, okuryazarlığı ve alan becerilerini ölçmeyi hedefleyen PISA, PIRLS (2001 ve TIMSS sınavlarında ortalamanın altında kalmaktadır. Bu durum okuma becerisine sahip olmayan bireyler yetiştirilmesi ile doğru orantılıdır. Okuma okunabilirlik, anlaşılabilirlik ve okunaklık kavramlarını içinde bulunduran bir süreçtir. Okumanın önemli bir ayağı olan okunabilirlikle ilgili çalışmaların geçmişinin çok eskiye dayanmadığı bilinmekle birlikte, eksikliği tartışılmaz bir gerçektir. Türkçenin yapısına uygun hâle getirilmeye çalışılan okunabilirlik formülleri ile çalışmalar yapılsa da istenilen sonuca tam olarak ulaşıldığını söylemek güçtür. Bu çalışma, 2. sınıf Türkçe ders kitabındaki metinlerin okunabilirlik düzeylerini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmada 2014-2015 eğitim-öğretim yılında okutulan Doku Yayınları’na ait 2. Sınıf Türkçe ders kitabındaki öyküleyici ve bilgilendirici metinlerin okunabilirlik düzeyleri ölçülmüş, şiirler kapsam dışında bırakılmıştır. Metinlerin analizinde Ateşman (1997’ın Türkçeye uyarladığı okunabilirlik formülü kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucuna göre, öyküleyici metinlerin okunabilirlik puanlarının bilgilendirici metinlerin okunabilirlik puanlarına göre daha yüksek olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

    2. AN VIEW TO RELATION OF MOTHER-SON IN THE CONTEXT OF AN HONOR KILLING IN ELİF ŞAFAK’S NOVEL İSKENDER ELİF ŞAFAK’IN İSKENDER ROMANINDA BİR TÖRE CİNAYETİ BAĞLAMINDA ANNE-OĞUL İLİŞKİSİNE BAKIŞ

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      Fethi DEMİR

      2012-01-01

      Full Text Available Elif Şafak narrates a tragic relation of mother-son in the context of an honor killing, in her last novel İskender. Şafak, who tells this honor killing with the point of view woman, approaches with a different point to oedipus comlex which has been written in the male dominated author world as a relation of father-son and Şafak puts forward mother figure that has been remained background in this psychoanalytic triangle. This prominence, extends the limits of oedipus theme, provides to evaluate this theme with various and wealthy connotations. On the other hand, as she also discusses “custom/honor crimes”, one of the important social problems, in a feminist sensitivity, she extends this mother-son relation as part of Turkish novel’s ancient themes like convention-modernity, mysticism, and East-West. Elif Şafak, son romanı İskender’de bir töre cinayeti bağlamında trajik bir anne-oğul ilişkisini anlatır. Töre cinayetini kadın bakış açısından yansıtan Şafak, yıllarca erkek egemen yazar dünyasında baba-oğul ilişkisi biçiminde işlenen Oedipus kompleksine farklı bir noktadan yaklaşır ve bu psikanalitik üçgende geri planda bırakılan anne figürünü öne çıkarır. Bu önceleme, Oedipus temasının sınırlarını genişletir, farklı ve zengin çağrışımlarla değerlendirilmesine olanak sağlar. Öte taraftan Türkiye’nin önemli toplumsal dertlerinden “töre/namus cinayetlerine” feminist bir duyarlılıkla bakması da bu anne-oğul ilişkisinin boyutlarını genişletir.

    3. Praktyka samobadania piersi i wykonywanie mammografii w grupie pielęgniarek a zmienne socjodemograficzne

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      Ewa Smoleń

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available Wstęp. Rak piersi nadal stanowi najczęstszy nowotwór złośliwy kobiet w Polsce. Rozpoznanie zmian w piersi podczas regularnego samodzielnego badania piersi oraz badanie mammograficzne to istotne elementy profilaktyki wtórnej nowotworów piersi. Cel pracy. Określenie realizacji profilaktyki wtórnej raka piersi przez pielęgniarki z uwzględnieniem charakteryzujących je czynników socjodemograficznych. Materiał i metody. Badania ankietowe przeprowadzono wśród 184 pielęgniarek województwa lubelskiego i podkarpackiego. Narzędziem badawczym był autorski kwestionariusz ankiety. Uzyskane dane poddano analizie statystycznej z zastosowaniem testu χ2 Pearsona. Przyjęto poziom istotności p<0,05. Wyniki. Pielęgniarki deklarowały najczęściej, iż informacje z zakresu zasad oraz techniki samobadania piersi uzyskały w okresie kształcenia w szkole medycznej, a w mniejszym stopniu z fachowego piśmiennictwa. Jedna trzecia respondentek regularnie wykonywała samobadanie piersi, natomiast połowa badanych wykonywała je niesystematycznie. Nie stwierdzono związku między czynnikami socjodemograficznymi charakteryzującymi respondentki a znajomością zasad samobadania piersi i regularnością jego wykonywania. Co piąta ankietowana pielęgniarka przynajmniej raz miała wykonane badanie mammograficzne. Wnioski. Wiedza i zachowania pielęgniarek w zakresie samobadania piersi i wykonywania mammografii nie odbiegają od prezentowanych przez inne kobiety. Czynniki socjodemograficzne charakteryzujące badane pielęgniarki nie miały wpływu zarówno na wykonywanie samobadania piersi i mammografii jak i na systematyczność badań. Pielęgniarki mają świadomość znaczenia badań profilaktycznych raka piersi, jednak w dużej części nie wykonują ich w ogóle lub robią to niezgodnie z zasadami. Jest to zjawisko niepokojące z powodu funkcji zawodowych, jakie pełnią pielęgniarki, szczególnie w zakresie promocji zdrowia i edukacji zdrowotnej.

    4. Organik Balık Üretimi'nin Mevcut Durumu.

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      Ahmet Adem Tekinay

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Doğal koşullar altında, hiçbir koruyucu katkı maddesi ve genetik modifikasyona maruz bırakılmamış organik tarım prensiplerine göre üretilmiş tamamen doğal olan hammaddelerden hazırlanan yemlerle beslenen ve bir kontrol kuruluşunda sertifikalanan balıklar “organik balık” olarak adlandırılmaktadır. Organik balık, daha düşük stok yoğunluğu ile hayvanın refahını sağlayan, pestisid, kimyasal ürün ve genetik olarak değişime uğramamış ürünler kullanmayarak insan sağlığına önem veren bir üretim modelidir. Dünyanın birçok gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkesinde uygulanan bu alternatif üretim modeli, dünya akauakültür üretiminin sadece %0,01’ini oluşturmasına rağmen, bu ürüne olan talep üretim miktarının ve piyasaya sürülen tür çeşitliliğinin artmasına sebep olmuştur. Bununla birlikte, organik su ürünleri üretimi, organik tarım kadar hızlı gelişememiştir. Bu durumun en büyük nedenlerinden biri organik su ürünleri için geliştirilmiş uluslar arası standartların olmamasıdır

    5. DEVLETÇİLİK POLİTİKALARININ TARIM KESİMİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİLERİ (1930–1940

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      Arzu VARLI

      2012-10-01

      Full Text Available Devletçilik, Milli iktisat düşüncesinin Cumhuriyet’in kurucu kadroları üzerindeki etkisinin devamı olarak görülmektedir. Devlet cumhuriyetin kuruluş yıllarından itibaren ekonomik anlamda geri kalmışlığın bir nedeni olarak milli burjuvazinin yokluğunu görmüştür. Milli burjuvazi yaratma ya millileştirmeler yoluyla ya da devletin tüm olanaklarını kullanması yoluyla gerçekleşmiştir. Devletçilik de hem devletin tüm olanaklarını devreye soktuğu hem de artık kendisinin bizzat burjuvazi sınıfının yerine geçtiği bir uygulama olmuştur. Ancak tüm bu burjuvazi yaratma çabaları içinde ilginç olan, burjuvazinin tarım sektöründen çıkarılmak istenmemesidir. İttihat Terakki’den devir alınan milli burjuvazi yaratma toprak sahiplerini doğrudan hedef olarak almamıştır. Devletçilik politikalarında tarım kesimi burjuvazi olarak görülmemiş ve iktisaden zayıf bırakılmıştır. Ancak, tarım kesimine karşın desteklenen sanayi kesiminde de sermaye birikimi sağlanamamıştır. Tek parti yönetimi cumhuriyetin kuruluşundan dünya buhranına kadar olan dönemde burjuva sınıfının oluşturmayı hedeflemiştir. Ancak daha sonra gücü ve iktidarı çerçevesinde bir devletçilik politikasını sektörler arasında birbirinin tamamlayıcısı olmalarını sağlamadan sanayileşme için tarıma yük bindiren tartışmalı bir yol seçmiştir.

    6. IRONIC DISCOURSE IN AHMET MİTHAT EFENDİ’S “FELATUN BEY AND RAKIM EFENDİ” NOVEL AHMET MİTHAT EFENDİ’NİN “FELATUN BEY İLE RAKIM EFENDİ” ROMANINDA İRONİK SÖYLEM

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      Farız YILDIRIM

      2011-09-01

      Full Text Available Ahmet Mithat Efendi who has an educational and moral perpective in his art understanding, tries various narrative methods in his broad collected works which are composed of almost every realm of literature. In his novels, he uses narrative methods of local story tradition and Western literature in which he has a deep interest. Despite the fact that he has realistic concerns, his real inspiration source is romantic school. Ahmet Mithat who prefers romantic expression that moulded with ironic understanding, creates a literature structure which described as “metafiction” text according to today‟s postmodern understanding.This study aims to determine how the building blocks of irony in this literature structure is constructed by taking into account the decriptions and classifications of concept of irony. Sanat anlayışında eğitici ve ahlaki bir perspektif gözlenen Ahmet Mithat Efendi, edebiyatın hemen her nevinde yazarak oluşturduğu geniş eser külliyatında farklı anlatım yöntemlerini bir arada dener. Romanlarında, yakından takip ettiği Batı edebiyatı ile yerli hikâye geleneğinin anlatım yöntemlerini harmanlayarak kullanır. Realist endişeler de taşımasına rağmen Batı edebiyatındaki asıl esin kaynağı romantik ekoldür. Felatun Bey ile Rakım Efendi romanında ironik bir anlayışla yoğrulmuş romantik anlatımı tercih eden Ahmet Mithat, ortaya günümüzün postmodern anlayışında “kendi bilincinde” ya da üstkurmaca metin diye tarif edilen bir edebi yapı çıkarır. Bu çalışmada söz konusu yapıda ironinin yapı taşlarının nasıl örüldüğü, ironi kavramının tanım ve tasnifleri göz önünde bulundurularak tespit edilmeye çalışıldı.

    7. Consequence clauses with a meaning of measure and degree

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      Nikolić Marina M.

      2015-01-01

      Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to present a new classification of consequence clauses that is based on a category of degree. Based on that parameter, consequence clauses are classified into the ones that have a meaning of degree and the ones that don’t have that meaning. Furthemore, consequence clauses with a meaning of degree can be divided into the clauses with a meaning of measure (Napolju je toliko hladno da smo se odmah vratili iz šetnje./It is so cold outside that we had to return immediately back; On je takav prevarant, da će te sigurno preći/ He is such a chouse - he will cheat for sure. and into excessive clauses (Previše je debela da uđe u tu haljinu/ She is too fat to fit in this dress; Devojčica je premalena da ostane sama kod kuće/ The girl is too small to stay at home alone; Buka je bila dovoljna da natera dete u plač/The noise was loud enough to cause the baby cry. The article provides the arguments that the category of degree in this sentences is grammaticalized with the help of certain modifiers and a conjunction of result da. The author applies the onomasiological method in the analysis and uses the theory of semantic locations. An existence of certain meanings is confirmed by the transformational test. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 178021: Opis i standardizacija savremenog srpskog jezika, potprojekat: Sintaksa složene rečenice

    8. Fat storage-inducing transmembrane (FIT or FITM proteins are related to lipid phosphatase/phosphotransferase enzymes

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      Matthew J Hayes

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available Fat storage-inducing transmembrane (FIT or FITM proteins have been implicated in the partitioning of triacylglycerol to lipid droplets and the budding of lipid droplets from the ER. At the molecular level, the sole relevant interaction is that FITMs directly bind to triacyglycerol and diacylglycerol, but how they function at the molecular level is not known. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two FITM homologues: Scs3p and Yft2p. Scs3p was initially identified because deletion leads to inositol auxotrophy, with an unusual sensitivity to addition of choline. This strongly suggests a role for Scs3p in phospholipid biosynthesis. Looking at the FITM family as widely as possible, we found that FITMs are widespread throughout eukaryotes, indicating presence in the last eukaryotic common ancestor. Protein alignments also showed that FITM sequences contain the active site of lipid phosphatase/phosphotransferase (LPT enzymes. This large family transfers phosphate-containing headgroups either between lipids or in exchange for water. We confirmed the prediction that FITMs are related to LPTs by showing that single amino-acid substitutions in the presumptive catalytic site prevented their ability to rescue growth of the mutants on low inositol/high choline media when over-expressed. The substitutions also prevented rescue of other phenotypes associated with loss of FITM in yeast, including mistargeting of Opi1p, defective ER morphology, and aberrant lipid droplet budding. These results suggest that Scs3p, Yft2p and FITMs in general are LPT enzymes involved in an as yet unknown critical step in phospholipid metabolism.

    9. Trudności diagnostyczne i terapeutyczne w przypadku ziarniniaka grzybiastego rozpoznanego wstępnie jako actinic reticuloid

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      Małgorzata Sokołowska-Wojdyło

      2010-07-01

      Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Ziarniniak grzybiasty (mycosis fungoides – MF to chłoniako niskiej złośliwości, wywodzący się z obwodowych komórek T,pierwotnie zajmujący skórę. Cel pracy: Przedstawienie trudności diagnostycznych i terapeutycznychw MF. Opis przypadku: Przedstawiono przypadek dotyczący 72-letniejpacjentki z MF, objętej opieką przez Klinikę od października 2007 dowrześnia 2009 roku. Zmiany skórne miały cechy melanoerytrodermii,a obraz histopatologiczny wycinków ze zmian nie upoważniał do rozpoznaniarozrostu złośliwego. Początkowo rozpoznawano osutkępolekową oraz actinic reticuloid. Rozpoznanie MF ustalono dopiero po19 miesiącach obserwacji. Na skórze chorej wystąpiły zmiany rumieniowo-naciekowe, które w badaniu histopatologicznym miały cechyMF. Dwa miesiące później chora zmarła, mimo leczenia cytostatycznegoi naświetlań szybkimi elektronami. Wnioski: Przedstawiony przypadek potwierdza trudności diagnostycznewynikające z podobieństwa wczesnych okresów chłoniaka dodermatoz o podłożu zapalnym. Wyjątkowo niepomyślny przebieg choroby– pacjentka zmarła po 2 latach od momentu ustalenia rozpoznania– uzmysławia także ograniczenia możliwości terapeutycznych,szczególnie w zaawansowanych stadiach MF.

    10. Udział Książnicy Kopernikańskiej w tworzeniu bibliografii narodowej

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      Grzegorz Barecki

      2013-12-01

      Full Text Available Od 1 stycznia 2006 roku Wojewódzka Biblioteka Publiczna – Książnica Kopernikańska w Toruniu współtworzy elektroniczną bazę bibliograficzną „Artykuły z gazet i tygodników polskich (MARC21, 2005- ”. Stanowi ona część polskiej bieżącej bibliografii narodowej, wyodrębniła się bowiem z Bibliografii Zawartości Czasopism. Baza dostępna jest bezpłatnie w Internecie pod adresem: http://mak.bn.org.pl/cgi-bin/makwww.exe?BM=26 Wspólną Bazę Prasy w Książnicy Kopernikańskiej w Toruniu tworzą pracownicy Działu Informacyjno - Bibliograficznego. Obecnie opracowujemy w systemie MAK dwa tytuły: „Tygodnik Solidarność” i „Dziennik Gazetę Prawną”. Od 2006 roku wprowadziliśmy do bibliografii artykułów z gazet i tygodników już 33.998 rekordów bibliograficznych. Stanowi to 1/6 zawartości całej bazy tworzonej przez 14 bibliotek. Więcej opisów od nas stworzyła tylko Biblioteka Narodowa. Baza zawiera 209.404 dokumentów. Odwiedziło ją 599.408 użytkowników. Oznacza to, że ponad 1/3 sprawdzających Bibliografię Zawartości Czasopism korzysta ze Wspólnej Bazy Prasy. Dzieje się tak mimo, że rejestruje ona tylko 25 czasopism. Dowodzi to olbrzymiego zainteresowania naszą bazą i wskazuje na potrzebę dalszego jej rozwoju.

    11. Capsule HRB-15B postirradiation examination report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Ketterer, J.W.; Bullock, R.E.

      1981-06-01

      Capsule HRB-15B design tested 184 thin graphite trays containing unbonded fuel particles to peak exposures of 6.6 x 10 25 n/m 2 (E > 29 fJ)/sub HTGR/ fast fluence, approx. 27% fissions per initial metal atom (FIMA) fissile burnup, and 6% FIMA fertile burnup at nominal time-averaged temperatures of 815 to 915 0 C. The capsule tested a variety of low-enriched uranium (approx. 19.5% U-235) fissile particle types, including UC 2 , UC/sub x/O/sub y/, UO 2 , zirconium-buffered UO 2 (referred to in this report as UO 2 /sup *), and 1:1(Th,U)O 2 with both TRISO and silicon-BISO coatings. All fertile particles were ThO 2 with BISO, silicon-BISO, or TRISO coatings. The findings indicated that all TRISO particles retained virtually all of their fission product inventories, except small quantities of silver, at these irradiation temperatures, while some of the silicon-BISO particles released significant amounts of both silver and cesium. No kernel migration, pressure vessel, or outer pyrolytic carbon (OPyC) failures were observed in the fuel particles, which had total diameters of 2 /sup */ particles exhibited no detrimental irradiation effects, but they contained pure carbon precipitates in the kernels after irradiation which were not observed in the undoped UO 2 particles. Postirradiation examination revealed no differences in the irradiation performance of three UC/sub x/O/sub y/ kernel types with varying oxygen/uranium ratios

    12. Zadarski akvatorij u Pîrî Reisovoj Knjizi pomorstva iz 1526. godine: Pomorsko-geografske slike dijela hrvatskoga Jadrana

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mithad Kozličić

      2015-01-01

      Full Text Available U radu su analizirane karte i tekstualni geografski opisi (peljar zadarskog akvatorija iz djela Kitâb-ı Bahriye (Knjiga pomorstva osmanskog moreplovca, pirata i kasnije admirala Pîrî Reisa. Komparativnom analizom sravnjeno je više primjeraka toga plovidbenog priručnika iz dosad poznatih istanbulskih izvora, ali i manje poznati primjerak iz Umjetničkog muzeja Walters (Walters Art Museum u Baltimoru. Cilj je bio usporediti saznanja koja su o širem zadarskom prostoru posredstvom skrovitog rada stranca iz neprijateljskih redova, Pîrî Reisa, dobili Osmanlije u odnosu na radove suvremenih mu mletačkih kartografa, kao “domaćina” na istočnoj jadranskoj obali. Preispitivanje njegova rada iz povijesno kartografske ali i imagološko-geografske perspektive pokazuje da je uspio izbalansirati potrebu za nastankom navigacijski i geografski iznimno kvalitetnog materijala s vlastitom pozicijom stranca na istočnom Jadranu. Kartografske i narativne slike Pîrî Reisa o zadarskom akvatoriju predstavljaju odraz dosega i mogućnosti osmanske kartografije što omogućuje njezino preispitivanje. Razlog leži u činjenici da kvaliteta kartografskog i narativnog dijela produkcije Pîrî Reisa nije dosegnuta u onodobnim plovidbenim priručnicima. Korištena toponimija upućuje na to da se Pîrî Reis služio tuđim dostupnim izvorima, primjerice uputama za plovidbu, ali ih je kombinirao s brojnim vlastitim opažanjima. Stoga njegov rad predstavlja posve izvoran opis zadarskog akvatorija, koji zbog obilja novih podataka donosi potpuno nove znanstvene spoznaje.

    13. EVALUACIÓN PSICOLÓGICA DEL ABUSO DE FÁRMACOS OPIOIDES

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      José Luis Carballo

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available El incremento de la preinscripción de fármacos analgésicos opioides se ha asociado a un aumento de las tasas de abuso y las consecuencias negativas asociadas a su uso inadecuado. Diversos organismos sanitarios internacionales recomiendan la realización de una evaluación global y multidisciplinar del paciente durante todo el proceso terapéutico con opiáceos, con el fin de identificar un posible abuso. Ante la ausencia de quías específicas en el ámbito sanitario español, el objetivo de este artículo ha sido presentar una propuesta de evaluación psicológica, en base a los principales instrumentos de evaluación, disponibles actualmente para evaluar el abuso de opioides. Se establecen pautas para el proceso de evaluación en función de las variables psicológicas que puedan predecir y mantener dicho abuso, clasificando todo ello en función del momento del proceso terapéutico en el que los pacientes se encuentren, Aunque existen instrumentos con buenas propiedades psicométricas, son necesarias futuras investigaciones para la adaptación, traducción y validación de éstos a población española. Al mismo tiempo son necesarios futuros estudios que profundicen en estrategias de prevención e intervención para reducir la probabilidad de abuso en pacientes tratados con fármacos opioides.

    14. Neutron magnetic scattering experiments performed by VIKRA group at the RA reactor in Vinca; Eksperimenti grupe VIKRA na reaktoru RA u Vinci sa rasejanjem neutrona na magnetnim materijalima

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Kranicki, S; Rzany, H; Wanic, A [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakov (Poland); Szytula, A [Jagiellonian University, Krakov (Poland); Todorovic, J; Dimitrijevic, Z; Radenkovic, S [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Yugoslavia)

      1978-05-15

      A short communication about investigations of magnetic materials by means of the neutron magnetic scattering performed by Polish-Yugoslav group VIKRA (Vinca-Krakov) at the RA reactor in Vinca in the period 1962-1977 will be presented. In the field of neutron inelastic scattering information about magnetic interactions (exchange integrals) and their temperature behaviour in such substances as Fe{sub 7}S{sub 8}, {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, CR{sub 2}O{sub 3}, {alpha}-Co, Cu{sub 2}MnAl and Mn{sub 1.88}Cr{sub 0.12}Sb was obtained by measuring magnon dispersion relations. In the field of neutron elastic scattering valuable results concerning crystallographic and magnetic structures of oxyhydroxides, several Heusler alloys and intermetallic compounds of 3d metals (for instance of NiMnGe, CoMnSi) were obtained. A short description of the KSN spectrometer used in all experiments will also be given. (author) Dato je kratko saopstenje o istrazivanjima magnetnih materijala magnetnim neutronskim rasejanjem izvrsenim od strane poljsko-jugoslovenske grupe VIKRA (Vinca-Krakov) na reaktoru RA u Vinci u periodu od 1962-1977. U oblasti neelasticnog rasejanja neutrona, obavestenja o magnetnim uzajamnim dejstvima (integralima izmene) i njihovim temperaturskim ponasanjima su dobijeni merenjem disperzione relacije magnona u takvim materijalima kao sto su Fe{sub 7}S{sub 8}, {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, CR{sub 2}O{sub 3}, {alpha}-Co, Cu{sub 2}MnAl and Mn{sub 1.88}Cr{sub 0.12}Sb. U oblasti neutronskog elasticnog rasejanja dobijeni su korisni rezultati o kristalografskim i magnetnim strukturama oksihidroksida gvozdja, niza Heuslerovih legura i intermetalnih jedinjenja 3d metala (napr. NiMnGe, Co,MnSi). Dat je kratak opis KSN spektrometra upotrebljenog u svim ovim eksperimentima. (author)

    15. Bases biológicas do transtorno de estresse pós-traumático Biological basis of posttraumatic stress disorder

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Frederico G Graeff

      2003-06-01

      Full Text Available A pesquisa neuroendocrinológica dos sistemas fisiológicos envolvidos no estresse evidencia hiper função do eixo simpato-adrenal em conjunto com uma redução da atividade do eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-adrenal (HHA em pacientes com estresse pós-traumático (TEPT. Uma resposta prejudicada do cortisol aos estressores parece estar associada com um aumento da vulnerabilidade ao desenvolvimento do TEPT. O excesso de catecolaminas, sem o pareamento do aumento dos corticóides promoveria uma consolidação excessiva das memórias traumáticas e a indevida generalização para outras situações estressantes. Sintomas como o entorpecimento e flashbacks têm sido relacionados com o aumento de opióides endógenos. Estudos de neuroimagem evidenciam uma redução do volume hipocampal no TEPT, que tem sido relacionada a alterações cognitivas e anormalidades do eixo HHA encontrados no TEPT.Neuroendocrinological research on the physiological systems involved in stress evidenced hyper functioning of the sympatho-adrenal axis together with reduced activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD. An impaired corticoid response to stressors seems to be associated with enhanced vulnerability to PTSD. Excess catecholamines, unchecked by corticoids would promote over consolidation of traumatic memories and undue generalization to other stressful situations. Symptoms such as numbing and flashbacks have been related to endogenous opioids. Neuroimaging studies evidenced a reduction of hippocampal volume in PTSD patients, which has been related to both cognitive changes and abnormalities of the HPA axis that are found in PTSD.

    16. Internações por intoxicações medicamentosas em crianças menores de cinco anos no Brasil, 2003-2012

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Marta da Cunha Lobo Souto Maior

      Full Text Available RESUMO OBJETIVO: descrever as internações hospitalares devidas às intoxicações medicamentosas em menores de cinco anos de idade no Brasil, de 2003 a 2012. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, com dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS; os medicamentos envolvidos foram categorizados em classes terapêuticas, conforme a classificação Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC. RESULTADOS: foram identificadas 17.725 internações, com diagnóstico de 22.395 intoxicações e 75 óbitos; as classes terapêuticas mais frequentes nas intoxicações foram fármacos não especificados (38,0%, antiepilépticos/sedativo-hipnóticos/antiparkinsonianos (19,8%, antibióticos sistêmicos (13,4% e analgésicos/antitérmicos não opiáceos (6,5%, variando conforme região do país e idade das crianças; em 38,5% das intoxicações, não foi possível correlacionar classes terapêuticas e categorias ATC. CONCLUSÃO: a elevada frequência de fármacos não especificados foi uma limitação; entre as intoxicações com fármacos especificados, predominaram medicamentos que atuam no sistema nervoso central e aqueles utilizados em doenças comuns à infância (antibióticos e analgésicos.

    17. Apendagitis epiploica primaria: Clínica y evolución de 73 casos

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Graciela M Vázquez

      2014-12-01

      Full Text Available La apendagitis epiploica primaria es una enfermedad relativamente infrecuente dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales del abdomen agudo. Describimos las características clínicas y evolución de una serie de 73 casos de apendagitis epiploica primaria. Se realizó una búsqueda de imágenes ecográficas y tomográficas con diagnóstico de apendagitis en el sistema de información hospitalario electrónico del Hospital Alemán entre abril del 2007 y julio del 2013 y posteriormente se revisaron sus historias clínicas. Se incluyeron 73 casos; la edad promedio fue de 45 años (± 16, 54 (74% eran varones. El motivo de consulta fue dolor abdominal: en fosa ilíaca izquierda en 65 (el 89% de los casos; en fosa ilíaca derecha en seis (8% y en otras localizaciones en dos (3%. Se les realizó ecografía abdominal a 44 (60%, tomografía computarizada a 21 (29%, y ambos estudios a 8 (11%. En el 49% de los casos se solicitó interconsulta con el servicio de cirugía. Recibieron tratamiento con antibióticos 15 (21% pacientes, de los cuales el 73% fue indicado por un médico clínico. Recibieron tratamiento ambulatorio con antiinflamatorios no esteroides 67 (92%; dos requirieron cirugía laparoscópica, dos internación y dos opiáceos. La apendagitis epiploica es infrecuente dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales de abdomen agudo, pero es una entidad que no debe ser desconocida por los médicos para prevenir intervenciones innecesarias y el uso excesivo de antibióticos.

    18. Devices for irradiation of materials in the fast neutron flux at the RA heavy water reactor in Vinca; Uredjaji za ozracivanje materijala u fluksu brzih neutrona na teskovodnom reaktoru RA u Vinci

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Pavicevic, M [The Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Yugoslavia)

      1965-07-01

      Full text: This paper covers the concept, design description and problems of constructing special experimental devices at the RA reactor in Vinca. These devices were used for irradiation of construction materials (graphite, Mg and Al oxides, steel and zircaloy) in the integral fast neutron flux of 2 x 10{sup 20} n/cm{sup 2}. Temperature of samples cooled by heavy water circulating through the hollow uranium fuel elements was measured by thermocouples. Construction of the device, preparation of samples, related flux measurements as well as irradiation were done in cooperation with the nuclear center in Saclay, France. Brief review of the experiences gained in using these experimental spaces at the RA reactor as well as problems of transporting the irradiated capsules from Vinca to France is included. [Serbo-Croat] Pun tekst: Rad obuhvata koncepciju, tehnicki opis i probleme realizacije specijalnih eksperimentalnih uredjaja u reaktoru RA u Vinci, u kojima je tokom 1962. godine izvrseno, na temperaturama ispod 100 deg C, ozracivanje konstrukcionih materijala (grafita, Mg i Al-oksida, celika i cirkaloja) u integralnom fluksu brzih neutrona vrednosti 2 x 10{sup 20} n/cm{sup 2}. Temperatura uzoraka hladjenih teskom vodom, koja protice kroz suplje uranske elemente, merena je termoparovima. Realizacija uredjaja, priprema uzoraka, odgovarajuca merenja fluksa kao i sama ozracivanja vrsena su u saradnji sa Nuklearnim centrom u Saclay-u, Francuska. Dat je kraci pregled iskustava iz eksploatacije ovih novih eksperimentalnih prostora u reaktoru RA, kao i neki problemi vezani za transport aktivnih kapsula sa uzorcima od Vince do Saclay-a (author)

    19. Dr. House: Patología dual en el médico

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mariano A. BELLINA

      2016-09-01

      Full Text Available Dr. House es una serie dramática estadounidense cuyo personaje central es el Dr. Gregory House, médi? co que dirige una unidad de diagnóstico (con otros tres doctores en el Hospital Universitario Princeton? Plainsboro, en Nueva Jersey. Dr. House utiliza un proceso lógico especial como base para llegar al diagnóstico. La Unidad que dirige el Dr. House trata pacientes que han sido evaluados previamente por otros doctores sin haber alcanzado un diagnóstico. Los diagnósticos oscilan desde algunos muy comunes a enfermedades raras. House no respeta las reglas y procedimientos comunes en la Medicina tradicional, tiene conflictos interpersonales graves (así como falta de empatía y no muestra interés por otras prácticas clínicas que no sean las suyas. Sufre un dolor crónico intenso en la pierna derecha por el que comienza a prescribirse Vicodin® (hidrocodona, al que acaba haciéndose dependiente. Nuestra hipótesis es que House es un caso típico de patología dual, PD (coexistencia de trastorno por uso de sustancias y otra enfermedad mental, en concreto: de dependencia de opiáceos y trastorno mixto de personalidad (comparte rasgos del trastorno de la personalidad antisocial y narcisista. La PD no es infrecuente en médicos dada la demora en pedir ayuda y la fácil accesibilidad a algunas sustancias.

    20. Controle da dor no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca: uma breve revisão

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Luciano Ramos de Lima

      2008-06-01

      Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar as terapêuticas analgésicas para controle da dor no pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca e os instrumentos utilizados para mensurar a experiência dolorosa. Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica realizada por meio de revisão da literatura nas bases de dados eletrônicos LILACS, revistas eletrônicas da SciELO, dissertações e teses. Foram utilizados os descritores analgesia, analgesia controlada pelo paciente, cirurgia cardíaca, avaliação e dor pós-operatória. O levantamento dos dados ocorreu em maio de 2007 e foram selecionados estudos publicados no período de maio de 1997 a maio de 2007. Na análise realizou-se síntese reflexiva dos estudos. Dos 23 estudos levantados foram utilizados 8 artigos e uma dissertação de mestrado. A técnica de analgesia mais utilizada foi a Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente (ACP e os medicamentos mais utilizado foram os opióides, como a morfina, seguidos por antiflamatórios não esteroidais (AINEs e dipirona. Não foram encontrados estudos que utilizaram a terapêutica não farmacológica. Os instrumentos de avaliação de dor frequentemente utilizados nestes estudos incluíram as escalas unidimensionais como a escala numérica verbal e a escala analógica visual. Ficou também evidenciado que os enfermeiros estão pouco envolvidos em pesquisas que abordam o controle da dor no período pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca.

    1. Nuclear Reactor RA Safety Report, Vol. 9, Radiation protection; Izvestaj o sigurnosti nuklearnog reaktora RA, Knjiga 9, Zastita od zracenja

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1986-11-01

      Instrumentation for Radiation protection existing at the RA reactor is dating mostly from the period 1957-1959 when the reactor has been built. With some minor exception it was produced in USSR. Radiation protection system was constructed based on specific design project, somewhat modified original USSR project which has been indispensable because of some modification of the building design. During the past 27 years no renewal of the instrumentation was done, only maintenance was performed. Instrumentation consists of old electronic devices which caused difficulties and even prevented regular maintenance because of lack of spare parts. Instrumentation for radiation protection at the RA reactor is classified as follows: centralized dosimetry system; stationary dosimetry instrumentation, movable and personal dosimetry systems. Apart from the scheme of dosimetry instrumentation this volume includes description of radiation protection procedures; protection devices; radiation doses and dose limit data; program for environmental radioactivity control; medical control procedures. [Serbo-Croat] Instrumentacija za zastitu od zracenja koja danas postoji na reaktoru RA najvecim delom potice iz perioda 1957-1959 kada je reaktor gradjen. Sa malim izuzetcima instrumentacija je proizvedena u SSSR. Sistem za zastitu izveden je na osnovu posebnog projekta koji predstavlja modifikaciju originalnog projekta koja je bila neophodna usled modifikovanog gradjevinskog projekta. U proteklom periodu od 27 godina instrumentacija nije obnavljana vec je vrseno samo odrzavanje. Instrumentacija je izradjena u danas prevazidjenoh tehnoligiji (elektronske cevi) sto je otezavalo i skoro onemogucavalo normalno odrzavanje. Instrumentacija za zastitu od zracenja na reaktoru RA moze se podeliti na tri dela: centralizovani dozimetrijski sistem; stacionarna dozimetrijska instrumentacija; prenosna i licna dozimetrijska instrumentacija. Pored seme sistema dozimetrijske kontrole ova knjiga sadrzi opis

    2. Yeast PAH1-encoded phosphatidate phosphatase controls the expression of CHO1-encoded phosphatidylserine synthase for membrane phospholipid synthesis.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Han, Gil-Soo; Carman, George M

      2017-08-11

      The PAH1 -encoded phosphatidate phosphatase (PAP), which catalyzes the committed step for the synthesis of triacylglycerol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae , exerts a negative regulatory effect on the level of phosphatidate used for the de novo synthesis of membrane phospholipids. This raises the question whether PAP thereby affects the expression and activity of enzymes involved in phospholipid synthesis. Here, we examined the PAP-mediated regulation of CHO1 -encoded phosphatidylserine synthase (PSS), which catalyzes the committed step for the synthesis of major phospholipids via the CDP-diacylglycerol pathway. The lack of PAP in the pah1 Δ mutant highly elevated PSS activity, exhibiting a growth-dependent up-regulation from the exponential to the stationary phase of growth. Immunoblot analysis showed that the elevation of PSS activity results from an increase in the level of the enzyme encoded by CHO1 Truncation analysis and site-directed mutagenesis of the CHO1 promoter indicated that Cho1 expression in the pah1 Δ mutant is induced through the inositol-sensitive upstream activation sequence (UAS INO ), a cis -acting element for the phosphatidate-controlled Henry (Ino2-Ino4/Opi1) regulatory circuit. The abrogation of Cho1 induction and PSS activity by a CHO1 UAS INO mutation suppressed pah1 Δ effects on lipid synthesis, nuclear/endoplasmic reticulum membrane morphology, and lipid droplet formation, but not on growth at elevated temperature. Loss of the DGK1 -encoded diacylglycerol kinase, which converts diacylglycerol to phosphatidate, partially suppressed the pah1 Δ-mediated induction of Cho1 and PSS activity. Collectively, these data showed that PAP activity controls the expression of PSS for membrane phospholipid synthesis. © 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

    3. Development and use of a genitourinary pathology digital teaching set for trainee education

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Li Li

      2010-01-01

      Full Text Available Background : Automated, high-speed, high-resolution whole slide imaging (WSI robots are becoming increasingly robust and capable. This technology has started to have a significant impact on pathology practice in various aspects including resident education. To be sufficient and adequate, training in pathology requires gaining broad exposure to various diagnostic patterns through teaching sets, which are traditionally composed of glass slides. Methods: A teaching set of over 295 glass slides has been used for resident training at the Division of Genitourinary Pathology, Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Whole slide images were prepared from these slides using an Aperio ScanScope CS scanner. These images and case-related information were uploaded on a web-based digital teaching model. Results: The web site is available at: https://www.secure.opi.upmc.edu/genitourinary/index.cfm. Once logged in, users can view the list of cases, or search cases with or without diagnoses shown. Each case can be accessed through an option button, where the clinical history, gross findings are initially shown. Whole slide images can be accessed through the links on the page, which allows users to make diagnoses on their own. More information including final diagnosis will display when the diagnosis-button is clicked. Conclusion: The web-based digital study set provides additional educational benefits to using glass slides. Residents or other users can remotely access whole slide images and related information at their convenience. Searching and sorting functions and self-testing mode allow a more targeted study. It would also prepare residents with competence to work with whole slide images. Further, the model can be expanded to include pre-rotation and post-rotation exams, and/or a virtual rotation system, which may potentially make standardization of pathology resident training possible in the future.

    4. La orientación ideológica de los mensajes publicados en Twitter durante el 24M en España

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Elías Manuel Said-Hung

      2017-01-01

      Full Text Available Los escenarios sociales digitales dispuestos en la actualidad son empleados cada vez más como plataformas para la deliberación y exposición de opi-niones. Es en el marco de lo aquí expuesto que este artículo busca identi-ficar algunos de los rasgos generales de participación ciudadana llevado a cabo en Twitter durante las elecciones realizadas en España el 24 de mayo de 2015, así como estimar el peso o la importancia que tuvieron los men-sajes con carga ideológica definida y las variables asociadas a la publicación de este tipo de mensajes. Ello, a partir del social media mining de 24 900 tuiteos, recolectados a partir de los hashtags #24M y #Elecciones2015. El estudio nos permite observar, entre otras cosas, el rol asumido por los ciu-dadanos, quienes centraron su participación en esta elección en la divul-gación del acontecer de esta jornada más que en el establecimiento de las diferentes posturas ideológicas que denotasen sus preferencias partidistas. A pesar de ello, se pudo ver cómo los mensajes con carga ideológica clara-mente definida estuvieron más impulsados por usuarios con orientación ideológica progresista o de tendencias de izquierda, además de la relación existente entre la publicación de estos mensajes y la orientación partidista de quienes divulgaron este tipo de mensajes.

    5. A study on the basic CVD process technology for TRISO coated particle fuel

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Choi, D. J.; Cheon, J. H.; Keum, I. S.; Lee, H. S.; Kim, J. G.

      2006-03-01

      Hydrogen energy has many advantages and is suitable as alternative energy of fossil fuel. The study of nuclear hydrogen production has performed at present. For nuclear hydrogen production, it is needed the study of VHTR(Very High Temperature Reactor) and TRISO(TRI-iSOtropic) coated fuel. TRISO coated fuel particle deposited by FBCVD(Fludized Bed CVD) method is composed of three isotropic layers: Inner Pyrolytic Carbon (IPyC), Silicon Carbide (SiC), Outer Pyrolytic Carbon (OPyC) layers. Silicon carbide was chemically vapor deposed on graphite substrate using methyltrichlorosilane (CH 3 SiCl 3 ) as a source in hydrogen atmosphere. The effect of deposition temperature and input gas ratios ( α=Q H2 /Q MTS =P H2 /P MTS ) was investigated in order to find out characteristics of silicon carbide layer. From results of those, SiC-TRISO coating deposition was conducted and achieved. Zirconium carbide layer as an advanced material of silicon carbide layer has studied. In order to find out basic properties and characteristics, studies have conducted using various methods. Zirconium carbide is chemically vapor deposed subliming zirconium tetrachloride(ZrCl 4 ) and using methan(CH 4 ) as a source in hydrogen atmosphere. Many experiments were conducted on graphite substrate about many deposition conditions such as ZrCl 4 heating temperatures and variables of H2 and CH 4 flow rate. but carbon graphite was deposited. For deposition of zirconium carbide, several different methods were approached. so zirconium carbide deposed on ZrO 2 substrate. In this experiments. source subliming type and equipment are no problems. But deposition of zirconium carbide will be continuously studied on graphite substrate approaching views of experimental way and equipment structure

    6. Report of the Technology Service - Annex B; Prilog B - Izvestaj o radu tehnoloske sluzbe

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Cupac, S; Vukadin, Z [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1992-01-01

      This annex covers: description of the organisational structure of the service, safeguard activities, increase of reactor operation capability, dosimetry and radiation protection tasks and an overview of the the activities of this Service. During 1992, there have been 12 safeguard IAEA inspections. Each time inspection covered fresh fuel, every third inspection included control of the spent fuel storage pool, and once during the fuel inventory control the reactor core was included. With the aim of increasing the operating capabilities besides improvement of experimental devices, construction of the experimental loop with separate cooling system was started. It is planned, as well to improve operating capabilities of horizontal experimental channels by purchasing neutron diffractometer, constructing three-crystal neutron spectrometer, application of three-crystal neutron spectrometer from Krakow, and using the time-of flight spectrometer constructed in the Institute. This Annex describes the possible activities for neutron radiography and isotope production, and includes radiation protection data. [Serbo-Croat] Ova prilog sadrzi opis organizacije tehnoloske sluzbe, 'safeguard' aktivnosti, moguce poboljsanje eksploatacionih mogucnosti reaktora, tehnicke zastite od zracenja i dozimetrije, kao i pregled svih poslova Sluzbe. Tokom 1992. bilo je 12 'safeguard' IAEA inspekcija. Tokom svake inspekcije kontrolisano je sveze gorivo, svaka treca je ukljucila kontrolu bazena za odlezavanje ozracenog goriva, a jednom je kontrolisano i jezgro reaktora RA. Sa ciljem da se poboljsaju operativne mogucnosti reaktora, pored poboljsanja eksperimentalnih uredjaja, pocela je i izgradnja reaktorske petlje sa sopstvenim hladjenjem. Planirano je da se poboljsaju i operativne mogucnosti horizontalnih eksperimentalnih kanala, sto je ucinjeno kupovinom neutronskog difraktometra, izgradnjom trikristalnog neutronskog spektrometra, koriscenjem trikristalnog neutronskog spektrometra koji je

    7. Thelazia Callipaeda and Eye Infections

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Otašević Suzana

      2014-09-01

      Full Text Available Infekcije oka mogu da izazovu metazoe-helminti. Dugo se za ove parazitoze verovalo da su rasprostranjene samo u tropskim krajevima sveta. U poslednje vreme najčešće su opisane subkonjuktivalne infekcije adultima ili nezrelim formama vrste D. repens, koje su filarije kanida i za koje je čovek samo slučajni nosilac. S obzirom na činjenicu da se na teritoriji grada Niša dijagnostikuje telazioza (thelasiosis kod pasa, opis morfoloških karakteristika roda, životnog ciklusa, rasprostranjenosti i kliničkog značaja ovog uzročnika zoonoza prvenstveno je bio cilj ovog rada. Rod Thelazia (Spirurida, Thelaziidae obuhvata kosmopolitsku grupu očnih crva spirurids, odgovornih za očne infekcije domaćih i divljih životinja i ljudi koje se prenose različitim vrstama mušica. Morfološki odrasli crvi su kremasto bele boje, končastog izgleda, dužine do 2 cm. Dokazano je da su muve reda Diptera, porodice Drosophilidae, roda Phortica, vektori i prelazni domaćini vrste T. callipaeda. Nematode lokalizovane u konjunktivalnom prostoru, suznim putevima i okolnim okularnim tkivima kanida, felida, glodara i ljudi, mogu izazvati blage simptome (pojačano suzenje, svrab, osećaj stranog tela, bol, otok, zamagljen vid, eksudativni konjunktivitis do onih jako ozbiljnih i teških (zamućenje i ožiljavanje konjunktive i rožnjače, ulceracije rožnjače i keratitis ukoliko se ne leče. Kako bi se obezbedila sigurna dijagnoza telazioze i sprovođenje odgovarajućeg tretmana primarnih problema i komplikacija, neophodno je kontinuirano medicinsko obaveštavanje i svest o ovoj infekciji.

    8. Tratamento farmacológico da dependência do álcool The pharmacologic treatment of the alcohol dependence

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Luís André Castro

      2004-05-01

      Full Text Available As intervenções farmacológicas podem ter um papel crucial na redução do craving, consumo de álcool e manutenção da abstinência. Este artigo revisa a farmacoterapia para a dependência de álcool com ênfase na naltrexona, dissulfiram e acamprosato. O antagonista opióide naltrexona diminui taxas de recaída, reduz dias de consumo e prolonga períodos de abstinência. Acamprosato restaura a atividade normal dos sistemas glutamato e GABA. Dissulfiram tem demonstrado ser mais efetivo para pacientes que acreditam em sua eficácia e permaneçam aderentes ao tratamento. Ondansetron tem-se mostrado promissor na dependência de álcool de início precoce, mas necessita estudos mais extensivos. Topiramato (até 300 mg/dia foi mais eficaz do que placebo no tratamento da dependência de álcool.The pharmacological intervention can play a crucial role in the reduction of craving and drinking and the maintenance of abstinence. This article reviews pharmacotherapy for alcohol dependence with an emphasis on the naltrexone, dissulfiram and acamprosate. The opioid antagonist naltrexone lowers relapse rate, reduces drinking days and prolongs periods of abstinence. Acamprosate restores the normal activity of glutamate and GABA systems. Disulfiram has been shown to be most effective for patients who believe in its efficacy and remain compliant with the treatment. Ondansetron, has shown promise in the early-onset alcohol dependence but needs more extensive study. Topiramate (up to 300 mg per day was more efficacious than placebo in the treatment of alcohol dependence.

    9. SCS3 and YFT2 link transcription of phospholipid biosynthetic genes to ER stress and the UPR.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Robyn D Moir

      2012-08-01

      Full Text Available The ability to store nutrients in lipid droplets (LDs is an ancient function that provides the primary source of metabolic energy during periods of nutrient insufficiency and between meals. The Fat storage-Inducing Transmembrane (FIT proteins are conserved ER-resident proteins that facilitate fat storage by partitioning energy-rich triglycerides into LDs. FIT2, the ancient ortholog of the FIT gene family first identified in mammals has two homologs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SCS3 and YFT2 and other fungi of the Saccharomycotina lineage. Despite the coevolution of these genes for more than 170 million years and their divergence from higher eukaryotes, SCS3, YFT2, and the human FIT2 gene retain some common functions: expression of the yeast genes in a human embryonic kidney cell line promotes LD formation, and expression of human FIT2 in yeast rescues the inositol auxotrophy and chemical and genetic phenotypes of strains lacking SCS3. To better understand the function of SCS3 and YFT2, we investigated the chemical sensitivities of strains deleted for either or both genes and identified synthetic genetic interactions against the viable yeast gene-deletion collection. We show that SCS3 and YFT2 have shared and unique functions that connect major biosynthetic processes critical for cell growth. These include lipid metabolism, vesicular trafficking, transcription of phospholipid biosynthetic genes, and protein synthesis. The genetic data indicate that optimal strain fitness requires a balance between phospholipid synthesis and protein synthesis and that deletion of SCS3 and YFT2 impacts a regulatory mechanism that coordinates these processes. Part of this mechanism involves a role for SCS3 in communicating changes in the ER (e.g. due to low inositol to Opi1-regulated transcription of phospholipid biosynthetic genes. We conclude that SCS3 and YFT2 are required for normal ER membrane biosynthesis in response to perturbations in lipid metabolism and ER

    10. Primerjava dveh teoretičnih modelov in teorije zdravstvene nege preko konceptov metaparadigme

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dragan Babuder

      2015-06-01

      Full Text Available Uvod: Izbira primernega teoretičnega modela ali teorije zdravstvene nege je osnova za dobro prakso. V Sloveniji uporabljamo teoretični model Virginie Henderson, ki ga v članku primerjamo s teoretičnim modelom Imogene M. King in teorijo zdravstvene nege Hildegard E. Peplau. Metode: Uporabili smo deskriptivno metodo dela s pregledom domače in tuje strokovne ter znanstvene literature. Uporabili smo metodo kritičnega branja javno dostopnih virov, navezujoč se na podatke iz doslej objavljenih knjig, člankov in ostale literature, ki se dotika izbrane teme. Spletno iskanje literature je bilo opravljeno preko vzajemne bibliografsko-kataložne baze podatkov (COBIB.SI ter tujih podatkovnih baz, kot so Jupsline, Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL. Za primerjavo teoretičnih modelov in teorije je bil uporabljen okvir za vrednotenje teoretičnih modelov in teorij po Jacqueline Fawcett. Rezultati: Primerjani teoretična modela in teorija zdravstvene nege opišejo koncepte metaparadigme in odnose med njimi. Koncept zdravstvena nega je najpomembnejši v vseh teoretičnih modelih, cilj vseh pa je zdravje. Vse tri teoretičarke se manj poglabljajo v koncept okolje. Diskusija in zaključek: Na področju uporabe teoretičnih modelov in teorij zdravstvene nege v zadnjih letih je narejenega premalo, medtem ko razvoj zdravstvene nege na drugih področjih hitro napreduje. Medicinske sestre morajo nadaljevati z raziskovanjem in razvojem teoretičnih modelov in teorij.

    11. Evolution of the apomixis transmitting chromosome in Pennisetum

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yamada-Akiyama Hitomi

      2011-10-01

      Full Text Available Abstract Background Apomixis is an intriguing trait in plants that results in maternal clones through seed reproduction. Apomixis is an elusive, but potentially revolutionary, trait for plant breeding and hybrid seed production. Recent studies arguing that apomicts are not evolutionary dead ends have generated further interest in the evolution of asexual flowering plants. Results In the present study, we investigate karyotypic variation in a single chromosome responsible for transmitting apomixis, the Apospory-Specific Genomic Region carrier chromosome, in relation to species phylogeny in the genera Pennisetum and Cenchrus. A 1 kb region from the 3' end of the ndhF gene and a 900 bp region from trnL-F were sequenced from 12 apomictic and eight sexual species in the genus Pennisetum and allied genus Cenchrus. An 800 bp region from the Apospory-Specific Genomic Region also was sequenced from the 12 apomicts. Molecular cytological analysis was conducted in sixteen Pennisetum and two Cenchrus species. Our results indicate that the Apospory-Specific Genomic Region is shared by all apomictic species while it is absent from all sexual species or cytotypes. Contrary to our previous observations in Pennisetum squamulatum and Cenchrus ciliaris, retrotransposon sequences of the Opie-2-like family were not closely associated with the Apospory-Specific Genomic Region in all apomictic species, suggesting that they may have been accumulated after the Apospory-Specific Genomic Region originated. Conclusions Given that phylogenetic analysis merged Cenchrus and newly investigated Pennisetum species into a single clade containing a terminal cluster of Cenchrus apomicts, the presumed monophyletic origin of Cenchrus is supported. The Apospory-Specific Genomic Region likely preceded speciation in Cenchrus and its lateral transfer through hybridization and subsequent chromosome repatterning may have contributed to further speciation in the two genera.

    12. Drogadicción, Fármaco-Dependencia o Drogadicción

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mario Camacho Pinto

      1994-09-01

      13adrenérgicos y a los histamínicos. Actualmente se admite la existencia de seis grupos de estos receptores opioides en el cerebro, de los cuales uno regula la conducta emocional, otro la percepción del dolor y la analgesia, otro las alucinaciones y la disforia, etc. Aparece claramente definido que el sistema nervioso central y también el periférico, las a encefalinas actúan como neurotransmisores, mientras que las 13endorfinas actúan como neuro-hormonas.

      Se admiten 15 roles a los péptidos opioides endógenos, entre los cuales es conducente citar: percepción del dolor, drogadicción opiácea, liberación de hormonas, memoria, conducta sexual e integración y respuesta al estrés.

      El estudio de los receptores opiáceos realizado por Hiller y asociados, ha demostrado que la más alta densidad del “binding” o ligazón ocurre en el sistema límbico, en las áreas asociadas con la percepción del dolor y/o su modulación (tálamo, sustancia gris periacueductal, cuerno gris dorsal de la médula espinal y también en el nervio vago, la médula suprarrenal, la placentay el tracto gastrointestinal.

      El papel de los receptores opiáceos en el desarrollo de la tolerancia, adicción o abstinencia está en estudio; el conocimiento actual sugiere que su fisiopatología puede estar más relacionada con los efectos posreceptor, a ejemplo de la alteración del ciclo adenosina monofosfato.

      Agentes Neurotóxicos
      Está médicamente demostrado que las drogas estimulantes o euforizantes pueden dar intoxicación, con daño temporal o permanente, por varios mecanismos tales como la inactivación de enzimas y coenzima~ esenciales para los mecanismos de oxidación; alteración de vasos nutrientes; manifestaciones alérgicas o inmunológicas; efectos nocivos sobre los neurotransmisores; alteración en el balance ácido-base o en las concentracions iónicas. Algunos casos llegan a simular entidades neurológicas o a acentuar una pre

    13. Wybrane zachowania zdrowotne oraz czynniki ryzyka raka piersi w grupie pielęgniarek województwa lubelskiego i podkarpackiego = Selected health behaviours and risk factors of breast cancer in nurses group from Lublin and Subcarpathian provinces

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ewa Smoleń

      2016-07-01

      Department of Development in Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University, Lublin   Słowa kluczowe: rak piersi, zapobieganie, ryzyko zachorowania, pielęgniarki. Key words: breast cancer, prevention, risk, nurses.   Streszczenie Wstęp. Do najważniejszych czynników ryzyka zachorowania na raka piersi zalicza się: płeć żeńską, wiek powyżej 64 r.ż., mutacje genowe, rozpoznanie nowotworu piersi u dwóch lub więcej krewnych I stopnia, przebyty rak piersi oraz zmiany w piersi. W profilaktyce raka piersi ważne znaczenie obok badań przesiewowych ma podejmowanie prozdrowotnych zachowań zdrowotnych, zmniejszających ryzyko zachorowania. Cel pracy. Ocena zachowań zdrowotnych pielęgniarek w zakresie profilaktyki raka piersi oraz ryzyka rozwoju chorób nowotworowych w badanej grupie kobiet. Materiał i metody. Badania przeprowadzono metodą sondażu diagnostycznego w grupie 184 pielęgniarek województwa lubelskiego i podkarpackiego. Zastosowano kwestionariusz ankiety własnej konstrukcji. W analizie statystycznej posłużono się testem χ2 Pearsona. Wyniki. U ponad połowy respondentek w rodzinie notowano wystąpienie nowotworu, a u co dziesiątej był to nowotwór piersi. Jedna dziesiąta pielęgniarek deklarowała rozpoczęcie miesiączkowania w 12 r.ż. Większość pielęgniarek deklarowała karmienie naturalne w okresie macierzyństwa. Średnia wieku pierwszej wizyty u ginekologa to 20 lat. Ponad połowa badanych pielęgniarek deklarowała prawidłową masę ciała oraz podejmowanie aktywności fizycznej. Wykazano niewielkie różnice istotne statystycznie w poszczególnych zachowaniach w obu badanych grupach pielęgniarek. Wnioski. Zagrożenie wystąpieniem nowotworów piersi u badanych pielęgniarek związane było w głównej mierze z rodzinnym obciążeniem nowotworowym oraz wczesnym rozpoczęciem menstruacji, co zalicza się do czynników niepodlegających modyfikacji. Brak aktywności fizycznej oraz występowanie otyłości to czynniki

    14. Analgesia pós-operatória para procedimentos cirúrgicos ortopédicos de quadril e fêmur: comparação entre bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e bloqueio perivascular inguinal Analgesia postoperatoria para procedimientos quirúrgicos ortopédicos de cadera y fémur: comparación entre bloqueo del compartimiento del psoas y bloqueo perivascular inguinal Postoperative analgesia for orthopedic surgeries of the hip and femur: a comparison between psoas compartment and inguinal paravascular blocks

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni

      2006-12-01

      Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Este estudo avaliou a eficácia da injeção única de bupivacaína a 0,25% no compartimento do psoas ou perivascular inguinal por meio do estimulador de nervos periféricos para analgesia pós-operatória em pacientes submetidos a intervenções cirúrgicas ortopédicas. MÉTODO: Cem pacientes receberam bloqueio do plexo lombar através do compartimento do psoas e foram comparados com 100 pacientes que receberam bloqueio do plexo lombar via perivascular inguinal, identificados pelo estimulador de nervos periféricos com a injeção de 40 mL bupivacaína a 0,25% sem epinefrina. A analgesia nos nervos ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, cutâneo femoral lateral, femoral e obturatório foi avaliada 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 e 24 horas após o final da intervenção cirúrgica. A intensidade da dor foi também avaliada no mesmo período. A quantidade de opióides administrada no pós-operatório foi anotada. Em cinco pacientes de cada grupo, estudo radiográfico com contraste não-iônico foi realizado para avaliar a dispersão da solução anestésica. RESULTADOS: Os nervos ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, cutâneo femoral lateral, femoral e obturatório foram bloqueados em 92% dos pacientes no compartimento do psoas versus 62% no bloqueio perivascular inguinal. O bloqueio do plexo lombar reduziu a necessidade de opióides e 42% dos pacientes submetidos ao bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e 36% dos pacientes no bloqueio inguinal não necessitaram de analgésico adicional no pós-operatório. A duração da analgesia foi em torno de 21 horas com bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e 15 horas com bloqueio perivascular inguinal. CONCLUSÕES: O bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e perivascular inguinal é uma excelente técnica para analgesia pós-operatória em intervenções cirúrgicas ortopédicas reduzindo a necessidade de opióides. Este estudo mostrou que a injeção no compartimento do psoas foi mais fácil e mais efetiva no bloqueio

    15. Treatment of restless legs syndrome Tratamento da síndrome das pernas inquietas

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tiago Spolador

      2006-12-01

      Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by a desire to move limbs, which is usually only present or worsens during rest or at night. The objective of this article was to review the available literature about pharmacological treatment for this disorder. METHOD: A search of recent literature was undertaken on online databases (Medline, Pubmed, Scielo and Lilacs. RESULTS: 502 articles were retrieved, of which 30 were selected. Dopaminergic agents, anticonvulsants, opioids, benzodiazepines, zolpidem, entacapone and ketamine were all effective on the restless legs syndrome treatment. One study showed that iron was not effective. CONCLUSIONS: Based on few double-blind, randomized, controlled trials, it seems that the best options to treat restless legs syndrome patients are gabapentin and L-dopa associated to its sustained release formulation.OBJETIVO: A síndrome das pernas inquietas é um transtorno neurológico caracterizado por um desejo incontrolável de mover os membros, que comumente está somente presente ou piora ao descanso ou à noite. O objetivo do trabalho foi a revisão da literatura disponível sobre o tratamento farmacológico para a síndrome das pernas inquietas. MÉTODO: Pesquisa da literatura recente realizada em bases de dados eletrônicas (Medline, Pubmed, Scielo e Lilacs. RESULTADOS: Quinhentos e dois artigos foram encontrados, dos quais 30 foram selecionados. Os agentes dopaminérgicos, os anticonvulsantes, os opióides, os benzodiazepínicos, o zolpidem, o entacapone e a ketamina foram eficazes no tratamento da síndrome das pernas inquietas. Um estudo mostrou que o ferro não foi eficaz. CONCLUSÕES: Baseado nos poucos estudos duplo-cegos, randomizados e controlados, parece que as melhores opções para tratar os pacientes com síndrome das pernas inquietas são a gabapentina e L-dopa associada à sua formulação de liberação lenta.

    16. Sufentanil intratecal para revascularização do miocárdio

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Caetano Nigro Neto

      2014-04-01

      Full Text Available Contexto: pacientes de cirurgia cardíaca submetidos a revascularização do miocárdio com circulação extracorpórea. Objetivo: avaliar o efeito hemodinâmico da adição de sufentanil intratecal para anestesia geral. Desenho: estudo prospectivo, randômico e aberto, após aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Cenário: estudo monocêntrico feito no Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, São Paulo, Brasil. Pacientes: foram submetidos à revascularização eletiva 40 pacientes de ambos os sexos que assinaram o termo de consentimento informado. Critérios de exclusão: doença renal crônica, procedimentos de emergência, reoperações, contraindicação para raquianestesia, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo inferior a 40%, índice de massa corporal acima de 32 kg/m2 e uso de nitroglicerina. Intervenções: os pacientes foram randomizados para receber (ou não 1μg/kg de sufentanil intratecal. Anestesia foi induzida e mantida com infusão contínua de sevoflurano e remifentanil. Principais medidas de desfecho: variáveis hemodinâmicas, níveis sanguíneos de troponina I cardíaca, peptídeo natriurético do tipo B, interleucina-6 e fator de necrose tumoral alfa durante e após a cirurgia. Resultados: os pacientes do grupo sufentanil precisaram de menos suporte inotrópico com dopamina, comparados aos do grupo controle (9,5% vs 58%, p = 0,001, e menos aumentos de doses de remifentanil (62% vs 100%, p = 0,004. Os dados hemodinâmicos em oito intervalos de tempo diferentes e os dados bioquímicos não apresentaram diferenças entre os grupos. Conclusões: os pacientes que receberam sufentanil intratecal apresentaram uma estabilidade hemodinâmica maior, como sugerido pelo suporte inotrópico reduzido, e menos ajustes nas doses intravenosas de opiáceos.

    17. Safety report for the independent CO{sub 2} loop for cooling the samples irradiated in the vertical experimental channels of the RA reactor; Izvestaj o sigurnosti za nezavisno kolo CO{sub 2} za hladjenje uzoraka ozracenih u vertikalnim eksperimentalnim kanalima reaktora RA

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Pavlovic, A; Zivkovic, S; Milosevic, M; Strugar, P [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

      1969-07-01

      Independent CO{sub 2} loop was designed for cooling the samples irradiated in the vertical experimental channels in the region of heavy water or in the graphite reflector. It is considered as a significant improvement of the RA reactor experimental possibilities. Six 'heads' are placed in vertical experimental channels and connected in parallel with the outer loop which contains out-of-reactor equipment. It is planned to irradiate samples in the 'heads' of the loop for the needs of Hot laboratory and Laboratory for reactor materials. Heat generated during sample irradiation is removed by CO{sub 2} circulation. This report contains detailed description of the main loop, auxiliary systems, calculation results of anti reactivity and activation of construction materials of the low-temperature CO{sub 2} loop. A separate chapter is devoted to control and regulation of temperature and pressure. Testing of the fundamental parameters of the coolant loop showed that it could fulfill more demanding tasks than designed by the project. Annex of this report includes results of leak testing for the loop 'heads' in vertical experimental channels VEK-6 and VEK-8 by helium leak detector. [Serbo-Croat] Nezavisno kolo CO{sub 2} namenjeno je za hladjenje uzoraka ozracivanih u VEK reaktora u zoni teske vode i u zoni grafita, i predstavlja znacajan doprinos povecanju eksperimentalnih mogucnosti reaktora RA. Sest 'glava' je postavljeno u vertikalne eksperimentalne kanale i paralelno vezano na spoljno kolo koje sadrzi vanreaktorsku opremu. U glavama petlje se predvidja ozracivanje raznovrsnih uzoraka materijala za potrebe Laboratorije za visoku aktivnost i Laboratorije za reaktorske materijale. Toplota koja se generise prilikom ozracivanja uzoraka odvodi se cirkulacijom CO{sub 2}. Ovaj izvestaj sadrzi detaljan opis: glavnog kola, pomocnih sistema; rezultate proracuna antireaktivnosti i aktivacije konstrukcionih elemenata glave niskotemperaturne petlje CO{sub 2}. Posebno poglavlje posveceno

    18. Influence of temperature on the micro-and nano-structures of experimental PBMR TRISO coated particles: A comparative study - HTR2008-58189

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Van Rooyen, I. J.; Neethling, J. H.; Mahlangu, J.

      2008-01-01

      The PBMR fuel consists of TRISO Coated Particles (CPs) in a graphite matrix. The three layer system, IPyC-SIC-OPyC, forms the primary barrier to fission product release, with the SiC layer acting as the main pressure boundary of the particle. The containment of fission products inside the CPs is however a function of the operating temperature and microstructure of the SiC layer. During accident conditions, the CPs will reach higher temperatures than normal operating conditions. The Fuel Design Dept. of PBMR is therefore investigating various characteristics of the SiC layer, especially nano characteristics at variant conditions. The integrity of the interface between the SiC and Inner PyC layers is also important for fission product retention and therefore interesting TEM images of this region of the experimental PBMR TRISO particles will be shown. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images of the microstructure of TRISO coated particles of three different experimental batches after annealing will be discussed. Particles annealed at 1980 deg. C for 1 hour revealed that the inner PyC layer de-bonded from the SiC layer. Changes observed in the diffraction rings are evidence that the PyC structure is becoming organized or anisotropic. The SiC layer, on the other hand, did not show any changes as a result of annealing. Only the cubic 3C-SiC phase was observed for a limited number of grains analyzed. The nano hardness and elasticity measurements of the three test batches were done using a CSM Nano Hardness Tester. These results are compared to indicate possible differences between the 1 hour and 5 hour annealing time as a function of annealing temperature from 1000 deg. C to 1980 deg. C. The variation of hardness and elasticity as a function of temperature for the three experimental batches are identified and discussed. This preliminary TEM investigation and nano hardness measurements have contributed new knowledge about the effect of high temperature annealing on

    19. Intelligent plasma operation and control system for HL-2M

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Xia, F.; Chen, L.Y.; Wang, C.; Zhang, G.; Song, X.M.; Song, X.; Pan, L.; Zhao, L.; Pan, W.; Lan, J.T.

      2015-01-01

      Full text of publication follows. The Intelligent Plasma Operation and Control System (IPOCS) for HL-2M is under construction based on the current actual situation of HL-2A control system in SWIP. The purpose of IPOCS is to replace the routine processes before, during and post discharge with the automatic process algorithms and give various information, for example, status, warning, reason, instruction, suggestion, physics phenomenon etc. to staff who can access the intranet. In this case, the core research objectives can be focused on and the related operations can be carried out referring to the information. The ultimate goal of IPOCS is to improve the efficiency of plant operation and control and physics research for HL-2M and for the fusion reactor in the future. There are three layers in IPOCS, which are named the information collection layer, the data processing layer and the presentation layer respectively. Information collection layer consists of data acquisition system, EPICS system, Audio and Video system, discharge scheduling system, data storage system etc. All raw data are collected and stored in this layer. The data processing layer is the core of IPOCS. Most algorithms are executed here. The basic computation platform is based on cluster (56 cores at present) and Parallel Computing Toolbox provided by Matlab. The physics database for SWIP based on HDF5 and offline EFIT also locate at this layer. All the operations can be finished during the time interval between two shots. The last layer is to present the information from the former two layers. The typical hardware including the large display screen system in the control room, the voice broadcasting system, personal monitors and smart phones, etc.. Several applications has being developed such as Control System Studio (CSS) in SWIP version, WebOPI, Automatic Alarm Display system and so on. IPOCS for HL-2M is at the very beginning phase at present. With more and more systems and algorithms got

    20. Influência do grupo de pares e uso de drogas ilícitas entre adolescentes brasileiros: um estudo transversal

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Kelly Oliva Jorge

      2018-03-01

      Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo examinar o uso de drogas ilícitas e as associações com fatores socioeconômicos e influência do grupo de pares entre adolescentes brasileiros de 15 a 19 anos de idade. Foi adotada uma amostra de clusters em dois estágios, com a seleção aleatória de escolas públicas e privadas entre os nove distritos administrativos de uma capital de estado, e a seleção aleatória de turmas em cada escola. A variável de desfecho foi o uso de drogas ilícitas, medido pela seguinte pergunta: “Você já usou drogas ilícitas (maconha, inalantes, hipnóticos, cocaína/crack, alucinógenos, anfetaminas e/ou opióides alguma vez na vida?”. Os grupos de pares foram classificados como: escola, família, atividades religiosas e esportes/cultura. O nível socioeconômico foi avaliado com o Índice de Vulnerabilidade em Saúde (IVS baseado em área. Foram analisados os dados de 91 adolescentes com o teste do qui-quadrado e regressão logística. A proporção global de uso de drogas ilícitas foi 15,2%. A heterogeneidade por gênero dentro de grupos (OR = 3,14; IC95%: 1,63-6,06, amizades baseadas em religião (OR = 0,36; IC95%: 0,17-0,75 e amizades baseadas em esportes/cultura (OR = 0,44; IC95%: 0,22-0,87 permaneceram associadas significativamente com o uso de drogas ilícitas. Os adolescentes que residiam em áreas menos vulneráveis mostraram maior probabilidade de uso de drogas ilícitas, quando comparados aos jovens em áreas mais vulneráveis. As amizades baseadas em religião e esportes/cultura parecem ter um efeito protetor contra o uso de drogas ilícitas. A heterogeneidade de gênero dentro de grupos e a residência em áreas menos vulneráveis aumentaram as chances de uso de drogas ilícitas por adolescentes.