WorldWideScience

Sample records for rainis venta anna

  1. Anna Mani

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    National Congress adopted complete independence as its goal, Anna Mani became increasingly drawn to nationalist ... college, Anna Mani obtained a scholarship to do research in physics at the Indian Institute of. Science. ... Anna Mani returned to Independent India in 1948, and she joined the Indian Meteorological.

  2. Anna Mani

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    also instilled in her a fierce desire for personal freedom for which she was willing to fight. Thus ... single-authored papers on luminescence of diamonds and ruby. ... It is no surprise that Anna Mani is a success story to which few women (or.

  3. Mani, Miss Anna Modayil

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1960 Section: Earth & Planetary Sciences. Mani, Miss Anna Modayil A.I.I.Sc., FNA 1971-79; Secretary 1977-79. Date of birth: 23 August 1918. Date of death: 16 August 2001. Specialization: Atmospheric Physics and Instrumentation Last known address: c/o Mr K.T. Chandy, 14, ...

  4. Interview with Dr Anna Matamala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucinea Marcelino Villela

    2016-09-01

    In this interview, which took place in June 2016, Dr Anna Matamala described some details about her long professional experience in Audiovisual Translation, especially in dubbing from English into Catalan, and we talked about many other things like her interest in lexicography, her point of view on some contemporary topics in Audiovisual Translation Studies: the use of technology, the relation between AVT and Accessibility Studies, AVT and Filmmaking fields, the importance of keeping in touch with other countries and even continents outside Europe, and she also gave some advice to the new generation of Translation students.

  5. Interview with Dr Anna Matamala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucinea Marcelino Villela

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this interview, which took place in June 2016, Dr Anna Matamala described some details about her long professional experience in Audiovisual Translation, especially in dubbing from English into Catalan, and we talked about many other things like her interest in lexicography, her point of view on some contemporary topics in Audiovisual Translation Studies: the use of technology, the relation between AVT and Accessibility Studies, AVT and Filmmaking fields, the importance of keeping in touch with other countries and even continents outside Europe, and she also gave some advice to the new generation of Translation students.

  6. Seeing things by Anna Margolin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francuz Aleksandra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available If we recall the most important words for the poetry, we should begin the story with the stones, lily, hands and blood, which, if you look at them with the philological accuracy, are interrelated: situate themselves clearly on opposite banks of the creative process. They talk about the construction of the building consisting of perceptions about their own strength and weakness, ecstasy and congealing in what for centuries the classics poets have tried to fathom: the harmony and clarity, driven by the hope that in life they should above all stick to be beauty. And in addition, they ought to go further than discipline, practice eye and expand the field of view, should not shun from the gusts of the heart, because the heart grows more powerful due to great ideas, passions. Spacious becomes the vision of writing, it is the weave of contradictions - this is how one of the most important twentieth-century poets, who wrote in Yiddish, Anna Margolin sees it. Margolin’s poetry is a clear return towards neoclassicism, building up topics, theses, allusions, ideas taken from ideologically close to her artists of great individuality, Anna Akhmatova (from whom she took her name, Osip Mandelstam, Rainer Maria Rilke, Ezra Pound.

  7. Medicamentos de venta libre en el Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Heineck Isabela; Schenkel Eloir Paulo; Vidal Xavier

    1998-01-01

    En el presente estudio se analizaron los 100 productos del mercado farmacéutico popular (de venta libre) más vendidos en el Brasil, en el período comprendido entre junio de 1992 y junio de 1993. Se excluyeron 23 productos alimentarios clasificados como medicamentos. La muestra, formada por 77 medicamentos, representaba aproximadamente 67% del consumo en valores y 76,8% del consumo en unidades de las especialidades vendidas en el mercado popular. Para la clasificación de los medicamentos, se u...

  8. Gestión integral de ventas

    OpenAIRE

    Ayuso Macedo, Albert

    2009-01-01

    "Ideal Flor' es una empresa dedicada a la venta de flor artificial y decoración en general, importando artículos de numerosos países del mundo. Consta de una red comercial repartida por España, Francia y Portugal con el objetivo de asesorar y orientar a sus clientes. Ha apostado siempre por la innovación tecnológica, es por ello que implantó SAP hace 8 años con la idea de unificar todos sus sistemas y de dar un salto de calidad en su crecimiento. Este proyecto surge bajo la necesidad...

  9. Formación para fuerza de ventas mexicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Vila-Lopez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación se desarrolla con el objetivo de analizar los efectos que una adecuada planificación de la formación en ventas es capaz de ejercer en tres ámbitos: (i el rendimiento percibido de los vendedores por parte de sus jefes de ventas; (ii el desempeño percibido de los vendedores por parte de sus jefes de ventas y (iii la capacidad de liderazgo desarrollada por el jefe de ventas entre sus vendedores. Adicionalmente, se trata de medir el impacto que mejoras en el desempeño del vendedor y en el liderazgo del jefe de ventas, ejercen a su vez sobre el rendimiento de los vendedores. Para el desarrollo de la investigación se contó con las valoraciones efectuadas por 50 jefes de venta en México de sus correspondientes vendedores, contrastándose todas las relaciones planteadas mediante la metodología de Partial Least Square (PLS. Los resultados muestran que si mejora la planificación de la formación, mejoran también el rendimiento de los venderos, su desempeño y la capacidad del liderazgo del jefe de ventas. A su vez, estos resultados están relacionados significativamente entre sí. Todo ello permite concluir la importancia de que los jefes de ventas planifiquen la formación de sus vendedores.

  10. Medicamentos de venta libre en el Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela Heineck

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio se analizaron los 100 productos del mercado farmacéutico popular (de venta libre más vendidos en el Brasil, en el período comprendido entre junio de 1992 y junio de 1993. Se excluyeron 23 productos alimentarios clasificados como medicamentos. La muestra, formada por 77 medicamentos, representaba aproximadamente 67% del consumo en valores y 76,8% del consumo en unidades de las especialidades vendidas en el mercado popular. Para la clasificación de los medicamentos, se utilizó el sistema anatómico-terapéutico-químico (ATC. Las especialidades también se clasificaron con la metodología del valor intrínseco, que considera la eficacia y los riesgos de las mismas. La mayoría de las especialidades (91% mostraron "poco valor intrínseco" (dudoso/nulo, relativo, inaceptable, y 70% correspondieron a combinaciones en dosis fijas. Solo 10 especialidades pertenecían a la Relación Nacional de Medicamentos, producida por el Ministerio de Salud, y cuatro a la lista de medicamentos esenciales de la OMS. Los grupos terapéuticos a los que pertenecían las especialidades fueron, en orden de mayor a menor frecuencia, el aparato digestivo, la piel, el aparato genitourinario, el aparato musculosquelético, el sistema nervioso central, los antiparasitarios, el aparato respiratorio y los órganos de los sentidos. El subgrupo terapéutico de mayor venta fue el de preparaciones para la garganta, mientras que el que representó el mayor valor en ventas fue el de los analgésicos no opiáceos y antipiréticos. Los resultados confirman la hipótesis planteada de que los medicamentos de venta libre en el Brasil presentan mala calidad terapéutica y de que el consumo de muchas de estas especialidades farmacéuticas representa gastos innecesarios para la población. Se puede afirmar también que algunos de esos medicamentos no deberían estar disponibles para una población que no está al corriente de las complicaciones asociadas con su

  11. Hovering performance of Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna) in ground effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Erica J; Wolf, Marta; Ortega-Jimenez, Victor Manuel; Cheng, Stanley H; Dudley, Robert

    2014-09-06

    Aerodynamic performance and energetic savings for flight in ground effect are theoretically maximized during hovering, but have never been directly measured for flying animals. We evaluated flight kinematics, metabolic rates and induced flow velocities for Anna's hummingbirds hovering at heights (relative to wing length R = 5.5 cm) of 0.7R, 0.9R, 1.1R, 1.7R, 2.2R and 8R above a solid surface. Flight at heights less than or equal to 1.1R resulted in significant reductions in the body angle, tail angle, anatomical stroke plane angle, wake-induced velocity, and mechanical and metabolic power expenditures when compared with flight at the control height of 8R. By contrast, stroke plane angle relative to horizontal, wingbeat amplitude and wingbeat frequency were unexpectedly independent of height from ground. Qualitative smoke visualizations suggest that each wing generates a vortex ring during both down- and upstroke. These rings expand upon reaching the ground and present a complex turbulent interaction below the bird's body. Nonetheless, hovering near surfaces results in substantial energetic benefits for hummingbirds, and by inference for all volant taxa that either feed at flowers or otherwise fly close to plant or other surfaces. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  12. Evaluación de las ventas de una empresa dedicada a la compra-venta de artículos referente a la telefonía móvil (celulares, tarjetas y accesoríos) mediante la revisión del índice de eficiencia en ventas y la auditoría de ventas.

    OpenAIRE

    Neira Mendez, Johanna X.; Mendoza, Marcos

    2007-01-01

    En este trabajo, se realiza una análisis al índice de eficiencia de ventas, una auditoria de ventas y un estudio estadístico para determinar el pronostico de ventas como una herramienta de evaluación de ventas, siendo los datos analizados pertenecientes a una distribuidora de celulares de la ciudad de Riobamba correspondiente al año 2006. Se desarrollado un análisis de las ventas de la organización mediante el índice de eficiencia de las ventas de la compañía que se reflejan en los...

  13. Official portrait of Astronaut Anna L. Fisher

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Official portrait of Astronaut Anna L. Fisher. Fisher is posing with her helmet on the table in front of her and the American flag appears over the opposite shoulder (34357); Posing with an empty table in front of her and the American flag behind her (34358).

  14. Anna Mani – A Student Remembers

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    Developing an Indian ozonesonde was her pet project, assigned to her by K R Ramanathan, ... Her scientific career began with C V Raman at the Indian Institute of ... Independent India was full of opportunities and Anna Mani seized the ...

  15. A Teacher's Guide for "Anna Karenina."

    Science.gov (United States)

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    In 1870, after the successful publication of "War and Peace," Leo Tolstoy began imagining a story about a high-born society woman, "Anna Karenina," who destroys her life by having an adulterous affair. By presenting his adulteress as a sympathetic character, Tolstoy aimed to expose injustices in such Russian institutions as…

  16. Kerjav kunstnik / Anna Hints, Maria Rõhu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hints, Anna, 1982-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Linnagaleriis oli 17.03.-10.04.2011 avatud Anna Hintsi ja Maria Rõhu näitus "Nälg". Autorid näituse taotlusest, raha taotlemisest, aktsioonist "Kerjav kunstnik", külastajate suhtumisest sellesse. Näituse aruanne

  17. Eesti goes St. Etienne / Anna Roomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roomet, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Näitus Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tootedisaini osakonna magistrantide viimase kahe aasta projektide paremikust esindas Eestit disainibiennaalil St. Etiennis Prantsusmaal. Näituse panid üles Pent Talvet ja Pavel Sidorenko, näitusel osalejad: Anna-Maria Einla, Kätlin Kangur, Triin Kuusler, Andri Laidre, Veiko Liis, Liina-Kai Raivet, P. Sidorenko, P. Talvet, Ingela Viks, Triin Voss

  18. Fuerza de ventas determinante de la competitividad empresarial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noelia Isabel León Valbuena

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es describir como la fuerza de ventas influye dentro y fuera de la organización empresarial para alcanzar la competitividad. Para ello se vincula la labor de la fuerza de ventas en la cadena de valor, y se estudia este importante eslabón de la cadena. La metodología utilizada es documental o bibliográfica. Se parte del supuesto de que la fuerza de ventas es la encargada de interrelacionar el entorno interno y externo de la organización, produciendo el ingreso necesario para el inicio y fin del ciclo productivo, a través de la realización de diversas actividades. Se concluye que para alcanzar los objetivos empresariales y la competitividad, es vital contar con una excelente fuerza de ventas; representativa de un factor de cambio y diferenciación de las organizaciones hacia el logro y permanencia de una empresa competitiva.

  19. Professor dr hab. Anna Maria Bujakiewicz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Kujawa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the biography and scientific achievements of Professor Anna Bujakiewicz. After receiving her master’s degree and doctorate in biology and mycology from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Professor Bujakiewicz continued her exciting research and teaching on mycology at her Alma Mater Posnaniensis for more than 50 years. Her publications in this field include many books, articles, and other scholarly reports.

  20. Structure of the vortex wake in hovering Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, M; Ortega-Jimenez, V M; Dudley, R

    2013-12-22

    Hummingbirds are specialized hoverers for which the vortex wake has been described as a series of single vortex rings shed primarily during the downstroke. Recent findings in bats and birds, as well as in a recent study on Anna's hummingbirds, suggest that each wing may shed a discrete vortex ring, yielding a bilaterally paired wake. Here, we describe the presence of two discrete rings in the wake of hovering Anna's hummingbirds, and also infer force production through a wingbeat with contributions to weight support. Using flow visualization, we found separate vortices at the tip and root of each wing, with 15% stronger circulation at the wingtip than at the root during the downstroke. The upstroke wake is more complex, with near-continuous shedding of vorticity, and circulation of approximately equal magnitude at tip and root. Force estimates suggest that the downstroke contributes 66% of required weight support, whereas the upstroke generates 35%. We also identified a secondary vortex structure yielding 8-26% of weight support. Lift production in Anna's hummingbirds is more evenly distributed between the stroke phases than previously estimated for Rufous hummingbirds, in accordance with the generally symmetric down- and upstrokes that characterize hovering in these birds.

  1. Kundnöjdheten i Hotel Anna

    OpenAIRE

    Boije, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    I dagens läge värderas kundrelationer högt inom marknadsföringen. Kundnöjdhet förknippas med lönsamhet och ses som en långsiktig investering. Hotel Anna är ett litet hotell i centrala Helsingfors och fungerar som min uppdragsgivare. Syftet med detta arbete är att utreda kundnöjdheten samt hur kundbetjäning och kvalitet upplevs i hotellet. Delsyftet är också att hitta kundnöjdhets förbättringsförslag för hotellet. Den teoretiska referensramen består av teori som behandlar tjänster, kvalitet, k...

  2. Western armament and tactics in the writings of Anna Komnene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drašković Marko

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, first we reconstructed and commented the western horseman's armament witch Anna Komnene had known (long spear, cross-bow, chain mail "Norman" shield, solarets. Afterwards, we established that Anne knew four types of western horseman's attack (attack in full gallop, attack from back slow march, attack from flank and three types of their battle formation (strewn formation, congested formation, formation of two columns. Also, we commented Anna's knowledge of western siege engines (battering-ram, tortoise catapult, siege tower; we established that Anne knew five types of western siege tower. In the end, we commented several fragments witch show Anna Komnene's knowledge of the western siege tactics.

  3. Publicidad y volumen de ventas: el caso de Benetton

    OpenAIRE

    Queralt-Sáez, Anna

    2016-01-01

    El propósito de este trabajo es conocer el tipo de relación, directa o indirecta, que mantienen la publicidad y el volumen de ventas. Para ello, analizaremos la relación entre las fluctuaciones económicas de Benetton y su estrategia de comunicación, basada en el shock advertisment. Así, nuestro objetivo es descubrir si la principal razón de su crecimiento inicial fue su atípico modelo publicitario y si el cambio de dicho modelo es precisamente la explicación de su posterior crisis. Para lleva...

  4. Sedimentation in Rio La Venta Canyon in Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juan Antonio de la Fuente; Tom Lisle; Jose Velasquez; Bonnie L. Allison; Alisha Miller

    2000-01-01

    Sedimentation of Rio La Venta as it enters the Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, threatens a unique part of the aquatic ecosystem. Rio La Venta enters the reservoir via a narrow canyon about 16 km long with spectacular, near-vertical limestone bluffs up to 320 m high and inhabited by the flora and fauna of a pristine tropical forest.

  5. Anna Pavlova, danzatrice eurasiana? (I parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Mei

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – IT Prima diva nella costellazione di nuove star dello spettacolo novecentesco, Anna Pavlova visse unicamente nello spirito e nella missione della danza come forma d’arte e stile di vita. Senza temere i rischi del solipsismo, si lancia nell’avventura di una compagnia tutta sua dopo il clamore parigino dei Ballets Russes. Il suo coraggio, la sua curiosità, il suo genio artistico la portano a viaggiare per i cinque continenti senza sosta, a scoprire danze tradizionali, a praticarle essa stessa, come quelle kabuki, apprese non senza sofferenze in Giappone nel 1922. Presentata nella vulgata come paladina della tradizione classicoaccademica, Pavlova può ostentare una biografia degna delle grandi danzatrici moderne a lei contemporanee, come una Duncan o una Ruth St. Denis (con quest’ultima in rapporto di competizione a distanza intorno al soggetto di Radha. Insieme ad una figura controversa e intrigante come quella del danzatore indiano Uday Shankar, crea un trittico di danze di ispirazione orientale all’insegna del rigore filologico e dell’integrazione linguistica, traccia della sua apertura e del rispetto di tradizioni teatrali altre. Abstract – EN Anna Pavlova, the first diva within the stars firmament of the 20th century, spent her life exclusively in the spirit of dance, intended as an art form and a life style, as if it were a mission. She threw herself into the adventure of leading her own company, after the Ballets Russes' European acclaim. Her courage, curiosity and artistic genius took her through five continents, endlessly searching for traditional dances that she learned with tremendous physical suffering, as in Japan with kabuki in 1922. She’s not simply a paladin of the academic tradition. She can in fact claim a biography and dance practice worthy of the most famous modern dancers who lived in her age, such as Duncan and St. Denis (with whom she was in a special competition, though after years, on the subject

  6. Anna Politkovskaya: Rússlands Pútíns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pétur Berg Matthíasson

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Í umsögn gagnrýnanda kemur meðal annars eftirfarandi fram: Fram kemur í lok bókarinnar að Anna hafi illan bifur á Pútín. Það kemur lesandanum í sjálfu sér ekki á óvart enda bókin upptalning á skelfilegum atburðum sem lýsa hvers konar stjórnvöldum hann fer fyrir, fyrir utan það að Pútín gerir lítið sem ekkert til að breyta því til hins betra. Þessi bók er nauðsynleg fyrir alla þá sem vilja skyggnast bak við tjöldin og sjá Rússland eins og það er í raun og veru.

  7. Paediatrics and psychoanalysis--Miss Anna Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Miss Anna Freud died during the winter at the age of 86. She had been a pioneer in the understanding of children through psychoanalysis and a great champion of the rights of children. Her life began in Vienna as the youngest child of Sigmund Freud, and her early work with children was in Austria. In 1938, because of the Nazi régime and even though she was nursing her father during his terminal illness, she had to escape with him to London. Her work with homeless children and with those in residential nurseries in London during the second world war is well known, as is her work on child development and psychopathology in the postwar years. But one less well known aspect of her life that was of immense importance to a few fortunate British paediatricians was the 'paediatric group' that she ran for over a quarter of a century and which Dr Christine Cooper recalled at the memorial meeting in London earlier this year. PMID:6344806

  8. Lake sturgeon population characteristics in Rainy Lake, Minnesota and Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, W.E.; Kallemeyn, L.W.; Willis, D.W.

    2006-01-01

    Rainy Lake contains a native population of lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens that has been largely unstudied. The aims of this study were to document the population characteristics of lake sturgeon in Rainy Lake and to relate environmental factors to year-class strength for this population. Gill-netting efforts throughout the study resulted in the capture of 322 lake sturgeon, including 50 recaptures. Lake sturgeon in Rainy Lake was relatively plump and fast growing compared with a 32-population summary. Population samples were dominated by lake sturgeon between 110 and 150 cm total length. Age–structure analysis of the samples indicated few younger (<10 years) lake sturgeon, but the smallest gill net mesh size used for sampling was 102 mm (bar measure) and would not retain small sturgeon. Few lake sturgeon older than age 50 years were captured, and maximum age of sampled fish was 59 years. Few correlations existed between lake sturgeon year-class indices and both annual and monthly climate variables, except that mean June air temperature was positively correlated with year-class strength. Analysis of Rainy Lake water elevation and resulting lake sturgeon year-class strength indices across years yielded consistent but weak negative correlations between late April and early June, when spawning of lake sturgeon occurs. The baseline data collected in this study should allow Rainy Lake biologists to establish more specific research questions in the future.

  9. Partei tuhandete ja enda kommiraha eest 462 häält / Anna-Maria Galojan ; interv. Rainer Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Intervjuu parlamendivalimistel osalenud politoloogiamagistrant Anna-Maria Galojaniga tema osalemisest valimistel. Vt. samas: Kes on Anna-Maria Galojan? Küsimustele vastab Reformierakonna kampaaniajuht Arto Aas

  10. Anna Karenina, the 'English novel'.Towards the study of anglomania in Leo Tolstoy 's novel Anna Karenina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Sarana

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with one storyline of the novel Anna Karenina that stands as the key for the re-search into the significance of Anglomania in the novel. The 1850-1870s in Russian culture is the time of a most intensive formation of the image of the UK as a highly complex combination of real and mythological elements. The novel Anna Karenina, which Tolstoy himself called the novel about modern life, sets forth the fashion for everything ‘English’ in Russian high society in the 1870s with almost documentary precision. The episode the article deals with is Anna Karenina's reading of an English novel. The article looks at different theories of the origin of the novel and suggests a particular novel as the source for the English novel in Anna Karenina. Article argues that the knowledge of the particular English novel contributes not only to the re-search of Anglomania in Anna Karenina and other Tolstoy's works but also gives a significant in-sight into the study of the characters in the novel.

  11. 76 FR 17542 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Rainy River, Ranier, MN

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... Railway Bridge across the Rainy River at Mile 85.0 at Rainer, Minnesota. This rule addresses the request... States of America and Canada. This bridge is a single leaf bascule type railroad bridge that provides a... vessels, and both power and sail recreational vessels. The railroad bridge carries significant train...

  12. Dietary protein level affects iridescent coloration in Anna's hummingbirds, Calypte anna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meadows, Melissa G; Roudybush, Thomas E; McGraw, Kevin J

    2012-08-15

    Many animal displays involve colorful ornamental traits that signal an individual's quality as a mate or rival. Brilliant iridescent ornaments are common, but little is currently known about their production cost and signaling value. One potential cost of colorful ornaments is the acquisition of limited dietary resources that may be involved, directly or indirectly, in their production. Protein, the primary component of bird feathers and of many nanostructural components of iridescent traits, is naturally restricted in hummingbird diets (comprised mostly of sugars), suggesting that iridescent coloration may be especially challenging to produce in these animals. In this study, we experimentally investigated the effect of dietary protein availability during molt on iridescent color expression in male Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna). We fed captive birds either a 6% (high) or a 3% (low) protein diet and stimulated molt by plucking half the gorget and crown ornaments on each bird as well as the non-ornamental iridescent green tail feathers. We found that birds receiving more protein grew significantly more colorful crown feathers (higher red chroma and redder hue) than those fed the low-protein diet. Diet did not affect gorget coloration, but regrowth of feathers in captivity affected both gorget and crown coloration. Additionally, birds on the high-protein diet grew yellower (higher hue) green tail feathers than birds on the low-protein diet. These results indicate that iridescent ornamental feathers are sensitive to diet quality and may serve as honest signals of nutrition to mates or rivals. Further, because both ornamental and non-ornamental iridescent coloration were affected by conditions during their growth, iridescent color in these birds appears to be generally condition dependent.

  13. La Venta wind power plant, seven months operating experience and growth perspectives; Central eolica La Venta, siete meses de operacion y perspectivas de crecimiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cadena Tovar, Roberto; Lopez Rios, Serafin [Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos de la Comision Federal de Electricidad, Morelia (Mexico)

    1995-01-01

    The capacity factor achieved for La Venta Wind Power Plant in Oaxaca State, Mexico was 63.8% during its first seven operating months. There is not similar experience around the world for a wind plant. This paper presents performance plant details and its capacity growth perspectives. [Espanol] En la central eolica La Venta, Oaxaca, Mexico se ha obtenido un factor de planta de 63.8% durante sus primeros siete meses de operacion, no existiendo precedente similar en las centrales eolicas actualmente en operacion en el mundo. En este documento se describen detalles de su comportamiento y se efectua un bosquejo general de las posibilidades de crecimiento del proyecto.

  14. Ocho documentos barceloneses sobre ventas y cesiones de esclavos (1395

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep María Llobet Portella

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Se comentan ocho documentos notariales del año 1395 que ofrecen información sobre la venta de tres esclavas y la cesión de un esclavo por un período de nueve años a una mujer llamada Violante que era la esposa de Berenguer de Cortilles, consejero y tesorero de la reina Violante, consorte esta última del monarca catalanoaragonés Juan I. El precio de las esclavas fue establecido entre los 800 y los 1.050 sueldos, mientras que la cesión del esclavo se valoró en 720 sueldos. Los tres vendedores y el cedente eran de las ciudades de Barcelona y Tarragona.Eight notarial documents of the year 1395 are commented; these offer Information on the sale of three female slaves and the cession of a male slave for a nine year peñod to a woman called Violante that was the wife of Berenguer de Cortilles, consultant and treasurer of the queen Violante, consort this last of the catalanoaragonese king Juan I. The pnce of the slaves was established between 800 and 1.050 sueldos, while the slave's cession was valued at 720 sueldos. The three salespersons and the grantor were from the cities of Barcelona and Tarragona.

  15. Anna Louropoulou: 'Peri-implantitis vraagt om eenduidige behandelafspraken'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Louropoulou, A.

    2015-01-01

    Het aantal geplaatste implantaten neemt toe, maar in de meeste gevallen ontbreekt een adequate nazorg. De NVvP nam het initiatief tot de ontwikkeling van een richtlijn perio-implantitis en zocht hiervoor de samenwerking met de NVOI. Parodontoloog/promovenda Anna Louropoulou: "De richtlijn is

  16. Anna Politkovskaja mälestus Euroopas / Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikko, Marianne, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja, 18. sept. 2007, lk. 11; Põhjarannik, 18. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Severnoje Poberezhje, 18. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Sakala, 21. sept. 2007, lk. 2. Euroopa Parlamendi saadik toetas ideed anda Euroopa Parlamendi pressiruumile Anna Politkovskaja nimi, sellega antakse Venemaale ka teada, mida europarlament arvab Vene võimude tegevusest Tšetšeenias

  17. Astronaut Anna Fisher demonstrates sleep restraints on shuttle

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Astronaut Anna L. Fisher demonstrates the versatility of shuttle sleep restraints to accommodate the preference of crewmembers as she appears to have configured hers in a horizontal hammock mode. Stowage lockers, one of the middeck walls, another sleep restraint, a jury-rigged foot and hand restraint are among other items in the frame.

  18. Kõrkjasaar Põlvas = Bulrush Island in Põlva / Anna-Liisa Unt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Unt, Anna-Liisa, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Põlvas 2003. a. korraldatud ideevõistluste tulemused: keskpargi võistlus: II preemia - OÜ Kaunimad Aiad, III - Mart Mets; paisjärve kujunduse konkurss: II - Anna-Liisa Unt, III - Mart Mets. A.-L. Undi realiseeritud võistlustööst, paisjärve saare valguskujundusest. 4 ill

  19. Anna Dziemianko: User-friendliness of Verb Syntax in Pedagogical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Anna Dziemianko. User-friendliness of Verb Syntax in Pedagogical Dictionaries of English. 2006, XII + 229 pp. ISBN-13: 978-3-484-39130-7. ISBN- 10: 3-484-39130-8. Lexicographica. Series Maior 130. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer. Price: €124.

  20. Reclassification of Theileria annae as Babesia vulpes sp. nov.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baneth, Gad; Florin-Christensen, Monica; Cardoso, Luís; Schnittger, Leonhard

    2015-04-08

    Theileria annae is a tick-transmitted small piroplasmid that infects dogs and foxes in North America and Europe. Due to disagreement on its placement in the Theileria or Babesia genera, several synonyms have been used for this parasite, including Babesia Spanish dog isolate, Babesia microti-like, Babesia (Theileria) annae, and Babesia cf. microti. Infections by this parasite cause anemia, thrombocytopenia, and azotemia in dogs but are mostly subclinical in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Furthermore, high infection rates have been detected among red fox populations in distant regions strongly suggesting that these canines act as the parasite's natural host. This study aims to reassess and harmonize the phylogenetic placement and binomen of T. annae within the order Piroplasmida. Four molecular phylogenetic trees were constructed using a maximum likelihood algorithm based on DNA alignments of: (i) near-complete 18S rRNA gene sequences (n = 76 and n = 93), (ii) near-complete and incomplete 18S rRNA gene sequences (n = 92), and (iii) tubulin-beta gene sequences (n = 32) from B. microti and B. microti-related parasites including those detected in dogs and foxes. All phylogenetic trees demonstrate that T. annae and its synonyms are not Theileria parasites but are most closely related with B. microti. The phylogenetic tree based on the 18S rRNA gene forms two separate branches with high bootstrap value, of which one branch corresponds to Babesia species infecting rodents, humans, and macaques, while the other corresponds to species exclusively infecting carnivores. Within the carnivore group, T. annae and its synonyms from distant regions segregate into a single clade with a highly significant bootstrap value corroborating their separate species identity. Phylogenetic analysis clearly shows that T. annae and its synonyms do not pertain to Theileria and can be clearly defined as a separate species. Based on the facts that T. annae and its synonyms have not been

  1. Muscle activation patterns and motor anatomy of Anna's hummingbirds Calypte anna and zebra finches Taeniopygia guttata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Edward R; Keeney, Brooke K; Kung, Eric; Makan, Sirish; Wild, J Martin; Altshuler, Douglas L

    2013-01-01

    Flying animals exhibit profound transformations in anatomy, physiology, and neural architecture. Although much is known about adaptations in the avian skeleton and musculature, less is known about neuroanatomy and motor unit integration for bird flight. Hummingbirds are among the most maneuverable and specialized of vertebrate fliers, and two unusual neuromuscular features have been previously reported: (1) the pectoralis major has a unique distribution pattern of motor end plates (MEPs) compared with all other birds and (2) electromyograms (EMGs) from the hummingbird's pectoral muscles, the pectoralis major and the supracoracoideus, show activation bursts composed of one or a few spikes that appear to have a very consistent pattern. Here, we place these findings in a broader context by comparing the MEPs, EMGs, and organization of the spinal motor neuron pools of flight muscles of Anna's hummingbird Calypte anna, zebra finches Taeniopygia guttata, and, for MEPs, several other species. The previously shown MEP pattern of the hummingbird pectoralis major is not shared with its closest taxonomic relative, the swift, and appears to be unique to hummingbirds. MEP arrangements in previously undocumented wing muscles show patterns that differ somewhat from other avian muscles. In the parallel-fibered strap muscles of the shoulder, MEP patterns appear to relate to muscle length, with the smallest muscles having fibers that span the entire muscle. MEP patterns in pennate distal wing muscles were the same regardless of size, with tightly clustered bands in the middle portion of the muscle, not evenly distributed bands over the muscle's entire length. Muscle activations were examined during slow forward flight in both species, during hovering in hummingbirds, and during slow ascents in zebra finches. The EMG bursts of a wing muscle, the pronator superficialis, were highly variable in peak number, size, and distribution across wingbeats for both species. In the pectoralis

  2. Wingbeat kinematics and motor control of yaw turns in Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altshuler, Douglas L; Quicazán-Rubio, Elsa M; Segre, Paolo S; Middleton, Kevin M

    2012-12-01

    The biomechanical and neuromuscular mechanisms used by different animals to generate turns in flight are highly variable. Body size and body plan exert some influence, e.g. birds typically roll their body to orient forces generated by the wings whereas insects are capable of turning via left-right wingbeat asymmetries. Turns are also relatively brief and have low repeatability, with almost every wingbeat serving a different function throughout the change in heading. Here we present an analysis of Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna) as they fed continuously from an artificial feeder revolving around the outside of the animal. This setup allowed for examination of sustained changes in yaw without requiring any corresponding changes in pitch, roll or body position. Hummingbirds sustained yaw turns by expanding the wing stroke amplitude of the outer wing during the downstroke and by altering the deviation of the wingtip path during both downstroke and upstroke. The latter led to a shift in the inner-outer stroke plane angle during the upstroke and shifts in the elevation of the stroke plane and in the deviation of the wingtip path during both strokes. These features are generally more similar to how insects, as opposed to birds, turn. However, time series analysis also revealed considerable stroke-to-stroke variation. Changes in the stroke amplitude and the wingtip velocity were highly cross-correlated, as were changes in the stroke deviation and the elevation of the stroke plane. As was the case for wingbeat kinematics, electromyogram recordings from pectoral and wing muscles were highly variable, but no correlations were found between these two features of motor control. The high variability of both kinematic and muscle activation features indicates a high level of wingbeat-to-wingbeat adjustments during sustained yaw. The activation timing of the muscles was more repeatable than the activation intensity, which suggests that the former may be constrained by harmonic

  3. Predictability of rainy season onset and cessation in east Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, B.-M.

    2012-04-01

    PREDICTABILITY OF RAINY SEASONS ONSET AND CESSATION IN EAST AFRICA Boyard-Micheau Joseph, joseph.boyard-micheau@u-bourgogne.fr Camberlin Pierre, Kenya and northern Tanzania mainly display bimodal rainfall regimes, which are controlled by the annual migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone on both sides of the equator. In the low-income, semi-arid areas, food security is highly dependent on cereal yields (maize, millet and sorghum). Vulnerability is aggravated by the fact that these crops are mostly rainfed, and rely on the performance of the two, relatively brief rainy seasons. This performance depends on a combination of several rainy season characteristics, or rainfall descriptors, such as the onset and cessation dates of the rains, the frequency of rainy days, their intensity and the occurrence of wet/dry spells. The prediction of these descriptors some time (>15 days) before the real onset of the rainy season can be seen as a useful tool to help in the establishment of agricultural adaptation strategies. The main objective consists to understand linkages between regional variability of these rainfall descriptors and global modes of the climate system, in order to set up efficient predictive tools based on Model Output Statistics (MOS). The rainfall descriptors are computed from daily rainfall data collected for the period 1961-2001 from the Kenya Meteorological Department, the IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Center and the Tanzania Meteorological Agency. An initial spatial coherence analysis assesses the potential predictability of each descriptor, permitting eventually to eliminate those which are not spatially coherent, on the assumption that low spatial coherence denotes low potential predictability. Rainfall in East Africa simulated by a 24-ensemble member of the ECHAM 4.5 atmospheric general circulation model is compared with observations, to test the reproducibility of the rainfall descriptors. Canonical Correlation Analysis is next used to

  4. La Venta Relacional: una Aplicación en Tiendas de Electrodomésticos Minoristas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Miguel Costa

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se centra en la venta relacional como un nuevo enfoque de ventas que emerge fundamentalmente por los grandes y profundos cambios que atañen al mundo de los negocios. Por tanto, en la venta personal se está prestando una mayor atención a los métodos basados en las relaciones en contraste con los paradigmas tradicionales. El estudio se basa en el análisis de la puesta en marcha de las herramientas del marketing relacional en la gestión de ventas de los comercios minoristas que comercializan electrodomésticos en la ciudad de Santa Fe. Así también, intentaremos reflexionar acerca de las principales ventajas e inconvenientes de este paradigma; y en último lugar, aportaremos una guía de acción básica y concreta para el sector comprendida dentro de un plan de ventas relacional.

  5. La venta que él se imaginaba ser castillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Estas líneas no quieren más que llamar la atención sobre algunas apariciones del infinitivo en El Quijote, en particular sobre el empleo de esta forma verbal en función de predicado de la subordinada implícita con valor de proposición completiva, subjetiva u objetiva. Es decir, constatar en la construcción de la subordinada completiva el uso de la implícita con el infinitivo respecto a la subordinada con la forma verbal explícita, aquella hoy en día por cierto mucho menos frecuente respecto al uso en las obras literarias de las épocas pasadas o casi inexistente, hoy, en la lengua hablada. Es necesario preguntarse si es lícito ver en este fenómeno la substitución de la estructura implícita de infinitivo con la subordinada que contiene el verbo explícito, como la ofrece, a diferencia del epígrafe del capítulo I, 16, citado en el título, el epígrafe del capítulo siguiente donde leemos: La venta que por su mal pensó que era castillo. Por lo tanto, nuestra atención está dedicada a averiguar si es posible sostener la convicción de que es la subordinada explícita la que ha sustituido la implícita, con el infinitivo, y no lo contrario.

  6. La responsabilidad en la venta de derivados financieros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Leonardo González-Bahamón

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Los vendedores de derivados financieros normalmente tienen una mayor capacidad de entendimiento en comparación con los compradores y, por lo tanto, se encuentran en una posición de superioridad para comprender totalmente las implicaciones de los productos que ofrecen, sobre todo en relación con derivados exó- ticos y estructurados negociados en el mercado OTC. Consecuentemente, existe una necesidad de protección en favor de los usuarios finales de derivados financieros. Sin embargo, cómo la mayoría de las transacciones en el mercado OTC son llevadas a cabo entre profesionales, las cortes han sido renuentes para reconocer cualquier deber legal de asesoramiento en cabeza de los vendedores expertos que pueda generar responsabilidad civil,  basándose en el argumento consistente en que los deberes fiduciarios rara vez surgen entre profesionales. En los años noventas, Banker Trust (BT, uno de los principales vendedores de derivados financieros se vio implicado en múltiples litigios con compradores en Inglaterra y EE.UU, quienes formularon pretensiones similares basadas en los conceptos legales de derecho anglosajón denominados “undue influence” (influencia indebida, misrepresentations (enunciados falsos o engañosos y la supuesta violación de un pretendido deber legal de asesoramiento en cabeza de BT. El presente artículo analiza las anteriores pretensiones en relación con el principal caso decidido en Inglaterra sobre la responsabilidad en la venta de derivados financieros (Bankers Trust International PLC v PT Dharmala Sakti Sejahtera, al igual que evalúa algunos de los conceptos legales relevantes en esta materia bajo el ordenamiento legal Colombiano.

  7. Evaluación del desempeño de la fuerza de ventas

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Camino, Jaime; Molero Ayala, Víctor

    1997-01-01

    Este artículo presenta la aplicación de una metodología nueva (Delphi Goal y Data Envelopment Analysis) para buscar la solución de un problema antiguo: la evaluación del desempeño de la fuerza de ventas. Nuestra propuesta teórica se presenta como una guía para las investigaciones que buscan enriquecer el conocimiento sobre el desempeño de la fuerza de ventas. Aunque el reconocimiento de la problemática de la evaluación de ventas no es nuevo, los métodos tradicionales tienden a evaluar el dese...

  8. Imperatrix Bulgariae Anna-Neda (1277-c.1346

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gjuzelev Vassil

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Si è fato il tentanivo di presentare dettagliatamente la vita di Anna-Neda, la celebre imperatrice bulgara di origine serba. Si è ribadito sulle sue attività e le relazioni con vari personaggi dell’epoca a partire dal matrimonio con Michail III Šišman Asen, despota di Vidin, fino alla morte di lei, probabilmente avvenuta nel 1346 a Dubrovnik. Parole chiave: Impero bulgaro, Vidin, Tǎrnovo, Regno di Napoli. In this article an effort is made to present in detail the life of Anna-Neda, famous Bulgarian empress of Serbian origine. The accent is put on her activities and relations with various characters from the period after her marriage with Michail III Asen Šišman, despot of Vidin, until her death, which probably occurred in 1346 in Dubrovnik.

  9. Designing Yellow Intervals for Rainy and Wet Roadway Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huan Li

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The research presented in this paper quantifies and models the impact of wet pavement surface and rainy weather conditions on driver perception-reaction times (PRTs, deceleration levels, and traffic signal change interval durations. A total of 648 stop-run records were collected as part of the research effort for a 72 km/h (45 mi/h approach speed where participant drivers encountered a yellow indication initiation at different distances from the intersection. The participant drivers were randomly selected in different age groups (under 40 years old, 40 to 59 years old, and 60 years of age or older and genders (female and male. Using the gathered data, statistical models for driver PRT and deceleration levels were developed, considering roadway surface and environmental parameters, driver attributes (age and gender, roadway grade, approaching speed, and time and distance to the intersection at the onset of yellow. Inclement weather yellow timings were then developed and summarized in lookup tables as a function of different factors (driver age/gender, roadway grade, speed limit, precipitation level, and roadway surface condition to provide practical guidelines for the design of yellow signal timings in wet and rainy weather conditions. The results indicate that wet roadway surface conditions require a 5 percent increase in the change interval and that rainy conditions require a 10 percent or more increase in the duration of the change interval. These recommended change durations can also be integrated within the Vehicle Infrastructure Integration (VII initiative to provide customizable driver warnings prior to a transition to a red indication.

  10. Creación del área de ventas y mercadeo para Industrias Leader Ltda.

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Forero, Gabriel Stiven; Vargas Jiménez, Bibiana

    2016-01-01

    El departamento de mercadeo y ventas es fundamental en una empresa debido a que es el encargado de desarrollar e implementar estrategias que satisfagan las necesidades y requerimientos del cliente. Es aquí donde más se puede ver reflejado el aumento de las ventas de la empresa. El servicio al cliente, la relación con el mismo y el acompañamiento, es un tema muy importante a tratar, tanto para atraer a nuevos clientes como también para conservar a los clientes actuales. Este trabajo se desarro...

  11. Patrón de uso y venta de plaguicidas en Nayarit, México

    OpenAIRE

    GONZÁLEZ-ARIAS, Cyndia Azucena; ROBLEDO-MARENCO, María de Lourdes; MEDINA-DÍAZ, Irma Martha; VELÁZQUEZ-FERNÁNDEZ, Jesús Bernardino; GIRÓN-PÉREZ, Manuel Iván; QUINTANILLA-VEGA, Betzabet; OSTROSKY-WEGMAN, Patricia; PÉREZ-HERRERA, Norma Elena; ROJAS-GARCÍA, Aurora Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Los plaguicidas son compuestos ampliamente utilizados en la agricultura y para controlar vectores que transmiten enfermedades a hombres y animales. Se investigó el patrón actual de venta y uso de plaguicidas en Nayarit, uno de los principales estados agrícolas en México; estos datos no existen en la literatura. Se aplicó una encuesta a los encargados de los establecimientos de venta de agroquímicos en el estado; de acuerdo a los resultados, los insecticidas son los plaguicidas más frecuenteme...

  12. Ventagen : Aplicación móvil para agentes de ventas

    OpenAIRE

    Nieto Álvarez, Silvia

    2015-01-01

    Aplicación desarrollada bajo la tecnología Android, destinada a simplificar y modernizar el proceso de ventas in situ, además de facilitar la gestión de ventas a la gerencia de la empresa. Aplicació desenvolupada sota la tecnologia Android, destinada a simplificar i modernitzar el procés de vendes in situ, a més de facilitar la gestió de vendes a la gerència de l'empresa. Application developed on Android Technology, to simplify and modernize the process of sales in situ of sales agents,...

  13. Physical and geometrical parameters of ANNA critical assemblies. Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malewski, S.; Dabrowski, C.

    1973-01-01

    An extended analysis of four critical configurations of ANNA Assembly has been performed. Diffusion parameters of the thermal group and of one or three epithermal groups have been determined. Using these data the critical calculations have been carried out and the main neutron density distributions presented. The role of some neutron processes in these systems and their influence on integral parameters has been considered. The calculated quantities have been compared with the available experimental data. (author)

  14. [Anna Hamilton (1864-1935), the excellence of nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diebolt, Évelyne

    2017-12-01

    A Frenchwoman, Anna Hamilton (1864-1935), daughter of a Franco-English couple, reads with passion the works of Florence Nightingale and takes an interest in nursing. In order to practice it, she first passes the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree in self-education and registers at the Marseille medical school. She wants to prepare a medical thesis on the nursing staff in the hospitals in Europe and is conducting an investigation throughout Europe. She passed her thesis on June 15, 1900 entitled “Considerations on hospital nurses”. This work is immediately published. That same year, she took up a post at the “Maison de santé protestante” in Bordeaux (MSP), founded in 1863. Without managerial staff, she is forced to recruit them abroad. She publishes a professional journal : “La Garde-Malade hospitalière” (1906-1914). Then the war turned the MSP into a military hospital, but the institution continued to receive local paying patients. She was given permission to call the school of nurses : Florence Nightingale School. Anna Hamilton is working with American women to create a medical and social service in Aisne. A graduate, Antoinette Hervey, then opened a medical-social service in Rouen, which would employ up to 30 visiting nurses. In 1916, the MSP received a donation from the domain of Bagatelle. The board of directors wants to sell it, but Anna Hamilton manages to finance a hospital-school thanks to families bereaved by the war and a subscription announced in the “Journal of Nursing”. Other establishments created by former students of the MSP opened : the School-hospital Ambroise Paré in Lille, a nursing home for nurses in Chambon-sur-Lignon in 1927 (the Edith-Seltzer foundation) and a sanatorium in Briançon. After a busy life, Anna Hamilton died of cancer in 1935 and is buried in Bordeaux.

  15. Hovering and forward flight energetics in Anna's and Allen's hummingbirds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Christopher James; Dudley, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Aerodynamic theory predicts that the mechanical costs of flight are lowest at intermediate flight speeds; metabolic costs of flight should trend similarly if muscle efficiency is constant. We measured metabolic rates for nine Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna) and two male Allen's hummingbirds (Selasphorus sasin) feeding during flight from a free-standing mask over a range of airspeeds. Ten of 11 birds exhibited higher metabolic costs during hovering than during flight at intermediate airspeeds, whereas one individual exhibited comparable costs at hovering and during forward flight up to speeds of approximately 7 m s(-1). Flight costs of all hummingbirds increased at higher airspeeds. Relative to Anna's hummingbirds, Allen's hummingbirds exhibited deeper minima in the power curve, possibly due to higher wing loadings and greater associated costs of induced drag. Although feeding at a mask in an airstream may reduce body drag and, thus, the contributions of parasite power to overall metabolic expenditure, these results suggest that hummingbird power curves are characterized by energetic minima at intermediate speeds relative to hovering costs.

  16. A Lagrangian identification of the main sources of moisture affecting northeastern Brazil during its pre-rainy and rainy seasons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Drumond

    Full Text Available This work examines the sources of moisture affecting the semi-arid Brazilian Northeast (NEB during its pre-rainy and rainy season (JFMAM through a Lagrangian diagnosis method. The FLEXPART model identifies the humidity contributions to the moisture budget over a region through the continuous computation of changes in the specific humidity along back or forward trajectories up to 10 days period. The numerical experiments were done for the period that spans between 2000 and 2004 and results were aggregated on a monthly basis. Results show that besides a minor local recycling component, the vast majority of moisture reaching NEB area is originated in the south Atlantic basin and that the nearby wet Amazon basin bears almost no impact. Moreover, although the maximum precipitation in the "Poligono das Secas" region (PS occurs in March and the maximum precipitation associated with air parcels emanating from the South Atlantic towards PS is observed along January to March, the highest moisture contribution from this oceanic region occurs slightly later (April. A dynamical analysis suggests that the maximum precipitation observed in the PS sector does not coincide with the maximum moisture supply probably due to the combined effect of the Walker and Hadley cells in inhibiting the rising motions over the region in the months following April.

  17. Disaggregation of Rainy Hours: Compared Performance of Various Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Haha, M.; Hingray, B.; Musy, A.

    In the urban environment, the response times of catchments are usually short. To de- sign or to diagnose waterworks in that context, it is necessary to describe rainfall events with a good time resolution: a 10mn time step is often necessary. Such in- formation is not always available. Rainfall disaggregation models have thus to be applied to produce from rough rainfall data that short time resolution information. The communication will present the performance obtained with several rainfall dis- aggregation models that allow for the disaggregation of rainy hours into six 10mn rainfall amounts. The ability of the models to reproduce some statistical character- istics of rainfall (mean, variance, overall distribution of 10mn-rainfall amounts; ex- treme values of maximal rainfall amounts over different durations) is evaluated thanks to different graphical and numerical criteria. The performance of simple models pre- sented in some scientific papers or developed in the Hydram laboratory as well as the performance of more sophisticated ones is compared with the performance of the basic constant disaggregation model. The compared models are either deterministic or stochastic; for some of them the disaggregation is based on scaling properties of rainfall. The compared models are in increasing complexity order: constant model, linear model (Ben Haha, 2001), Ormsbee Deterministic model (Ormsbee, 1989), Ar- tificial Neuronal Network based model (Burian et al. 2000), Hydram Stochastic 1 and Hydram Stochastic 2 (Ben Haha, 2001), Multiplicative Cascade based model (Olsson and Berndtsson, 1998), Ormsbee Stochastic model (Ormsbee, 1989). The 625 rainy hours used for that evaluation (with a hourly rainfall amount greater than 5mm) were extracted from the 21 years chronological rainfall series (10mn time step) observed at the Pully meteorological station, Switzerland. The models were also evaluated when applied to different rainfall classes depending on the season first and on the

  18. Venta modulada de materiales a la población

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Notario, Manuel E.

    1984-07-01

    Venta Modulada de Materiales a la población» objeto de este trabajo no es más que uno de los métodos en desarrollo para avanzar más rápidamente hacia la solución de la problemática de la vivienda. Los resultados aún son pocos, pues el plan es joven, pero las perspectivas son muchas, por la aceptación obtenida por la población y por la dinámica del mismo

  19. Anna-Maria Galojan: jah-liikumisega võivad liituda kõik soovijad / Anna-Maria Galojan ; interv. Ishtvan Ban

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 2. aug. lk. 1. Eesti Euroopa liikumise Ida-Virumaa tugikeskuse piirkondlik koordinaator Anna-Maria Galojan oma organisatsioonist, noorte vabatahtlike tööst

  20. Eluloofilmide põud paneb rääkima Anna Chapmanist / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2010-01-01

    Ameerika ajalehede käivitatud diskussioonist eluloofilmist, mille võiks vändata spiooniafääriga kuulsaks saanud Anna Chapmanist (Anna Kuštšenko). USA-s, Suurbritannias, Indias ja Soomes valmivatest eluloofilmidest. Austraalia filmist "Mao viimane tantsija"

  1. [O rzeczach minionych, scripta rerum historicarum annae rutkowska-plachcińska oblata] / Risto Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullat, Raimo, 1935-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: O rzeczach minionych, scripta rerum historicarum annae rutkowska-plachcińska oblata. (Pod redakeja Marty Mlynarskiej-Kaletynowej i Jerzego Kruppe. Studia i materaly z historii kultury materialney pod redakeja Jerzego Kruppe). Warszawa, 2006. Sisukast ja mitmekülgsest Anna Rutkowska-Plachcinska juubelikogumikust

  2. Objective identification research on cold vortex and mid-summer rainy periods in Northeast China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gong Zhi-Qiang; Feng Tai-Chen; Fang Yi-He

    2015-01-01

    Considering the differences between the Northeast China Cold Vortex (CV) and the Mid-Summer (MS) rainy period and their corresponding atmospheric circulations are comprehensively analyzed, and the objective identification methods of defining the annual beginning and ending dates of Northeast China CV and MS rainy periods are developed respectively. The annual beginning date of the CV (MS) rainy period is as follows. In a period from April to August, if daily regional mean precipitation r yi is larger than yearly regional mean precipitation R (or 2R) on a certain day, the station precipitation r s is larger than the station yearly mean precipitation 〈r〉 (or 2〈r〉) in at least 50% of stations in Northeast China, and this condition is satisfied in the following 2 (7) days, then this date is defined as the beginning date of the CV (MS) rainy period. While the definition of the ending date of the MS rainy period shows the opposite process to its beginning date. With this objective identification method, the multi-year average (1981–2010) beginning date of the CV rainy period is May 3, the beginning date of the MS rainy period is June 27, the ending day of the CV rainy period is defined as the day before the beginning date of the MS rainy period, and the ending date of the MS rainy period is August 29. Meanwhile, corresponding anomaly analysis at a 500-hPa geopotential height, 850-hPa wind, Omega and relative humidity fields all show that the definitions of the average beginning and ending dates of the CV and MS rainy periods have a certain circulation meaning. Furthermore, the daily evolution of the CV index, meridional and zonal wind index, etc. all show that these objectively defined beginning and ending dates of the CV and MS rainy periods have climate significance. (paper)

  3. Clinical findings and normative ocular data for free-living Anna's (Calypte anna) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri) Hummingbirds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Bret A; Maggs, David J; Kim, Soohyun; Motta, Monica J; Bandivadekar, Ruta; Tell, Lisa A; Murphy, Christopher J

    2018-02-20

    To estimate the prevalence of ocular disease and obtain normative ocular data for free-living hummingbirds. Two hundred and sixty-three free-living, adult Hummingbirds from coastal and inland central California were studied, including Anna's (Calypte anna, n = 186) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri; n = 77) hummingbirds. Slit lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy were performed on all individuals. Rebound tonometry, measurement of horizontal palpebral fissure length, and streak retinoscopy were performed on select individuals. Five conscious Anna's Hummingbirds underwent ocular imaging including fundus photography, digital slit lamp photography, and anterior segment and retinal optical coherence tomography. The prevalence of ocular disease in this population was 2.28%. Ocular imaging revealed a thin cornea, shallow anterior chamber, large lens, and a single central, deep convexiclivate fovea. Mean ± SD intraocular pressure was 11.21 ± 2.23 mm Hg. Mean ± SD eyelid length was 2.59 ± 0.19 mm. All eyes were emmetropic or mildly hyperopic with a mean (range) ± SD refractive error of +0.32 (-0.25 to +1) ± 0.33 diopters. Consistent with previous reports, these data suggest that hummingbirds have visual characteristics found in predatory and prey species, as well as a low prevalence of spontaneous ocular disease. This work provides a set of reference values and clinical findings that can be used in the future research on hummingbird vision and ocular disease. It also provides representative diagnostic images of normal birds and demonstrates that advanced ocular imaging can be performed on manually restrained hummingbirds without pharmacologic dilation. © 2018 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.

  4. Conflictos en torno a la venta de esclavos en el Nuevo Reino de Granada, siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Pita Pico

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se centra en el análisis de los conflictos que giraron en torno a las operaciones de compra de esclavos en el nororiente neogranadino durante el siglo XVIII. Legalizaciones aplazadas, ventas desautorizadas, pagos pendientes, esclavos hipotecados y confusiones sobre el estado real del esclavo comercializado fueron situaciones que desataron enconadas disputas y pleitos judiciales que terminaron algunas veces con la declaratoria de redhibitoria, es decir, la anulación del contrato de venta y la devolución del esclavo. En vista de estos antecedentes, y con un ánimo preventivo, los negociantes se aseguraron de fijar en las escrituras de compraventa ciertas garantías o aclaraciones para no verse involucrados en tales litigios.

  5. Sobre la identidad del fragmento craneal atribuido a Homo sp. en Venta Mlcena (Orce Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moyá-Solá, S.

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available The internal morphology of the cranial fragment attributed to Homo from Venta Micena (Granada is analysed. The presence of a coronal suture close to lambda does not permit its attribution to the genus Homo. The distace between the coronal suture and lambda (4 cm., the presence of tentorial procces and the digital impresions strongly suggesst its attribution to a juvenil specimen of Equus stenonis.Se analiza la morfología de la cara interna del fragmento craneal de Venta Micena atribuido inicialmente al género Homo. Se detecta la presencia de la sutura coronal a cuatro centímetros del punto lambda. Ello, conjuntamente a las fuertes impresiones digitales del endocraneo y la presencia de una cresta del proceso oseo tentoríal hacen imposible la adscripción de esta pieza al género Homo., atribuyendose a Equus stenonis.

  6. Ventas jurisdiccionales abulenses en tiempos de Felipe III y Felipe IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier LORENZO PINAR

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este trabajo tiene por objeto dar a conocer las enajenaciones jurisdiccionales, —excluidas las ventas de oficios— llevadas a cabo por Felipe III y Felipe IV en la provincia de Ávila. Analiza las motivaciones de las ventas de lugares, el origen social de los compradores y las dificultades halladas por la Monarquía a la hora de llevar a cabo este proceso.ABSTRACT: This work tries to approach us to the territorial sales in Ávila —situated in the center of Spain— in the reigns of Philip III and Philip IV. It analyses the motivations, the social origin of the buyers and the difficulties found by the Monarchy when it wanted to manage this process.

  7. Aspects Concerning the Rainy Spells in the Western Plain of Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EUGENIA ŞERBAN

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work analyses the rainy spells on the territory of the Western Plain at the North of the Mureş River. Daily precipitation data were used from a number of 5 weather stations and for a period of 42 years (1961-2002. Only the stations with a common observation period were chosen. Periods with two or more consecutive rainy days were studied and the analyses show a total of about 7,000 rainy spells. The number of the rainy spells grows from the South to the North once with the latitude but also from the West to the East, once with the altitude. Within a year may occur, on the average, about 30-35 rainy spells with an average duration of 4 days. The duration of the rainy spells varies between 2-19 days. On the analysed territory, 119-141 rainy days may occur annually, on the average. Namely, on this territory it rains on the average about 4-4.5 months a year. Most of the rainy days were recorded in the intervals November-January and April-June.

  8. Analisis Simbolik Kyrie Eleison Karya Anna Wahyu Prasetyowati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RINA MARTIARA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Symbolic Analysis of Kyrie Eleison of Anna Wahyu Prasetyowati’s Work. This paper describes and interpretsthe Kyrie Eleison as a performing arts. Kyrie Eleison text is read through choreography elements that shape thethemes, motion, musical accompaniment, fashion makeup, fl oor pattern, form and stage layout. This paper useshermeneutic approach. Based on the research it can be concluded that this work has a deep meaning. The story ofJesus Christ journey in teaching the word with great passion until his death on the Cross is fi xated religious valuesthat serve as an example for mankind. This work also contains the values of humanity that every human being mustbe having a miserable, suffering, and death. Humans must be steadfast and strong in the face of every temptationthat comes when he/she want to achieve the highest inner awareness and understanding of divine truth.

  9. Sedimentation in Rio La Venta Canyon in Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    de La Fuente, J. A.; Lisle, T.; Velasquez, J.; Allison, B. L.; Miller, A.

    2002-12-01

    Sedimentation of Rio La Venta as it enters the Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, threatens a unique part of the aquatic ecosystem. Rio La Venta enters the reservoir via a narrow canyon about 16 km long with spectacular, near-vertical limestone bluffs up to 320 m high and inhabited by the flora and fauna of a pristine tropical forest. Karst terrain underlies most of the Rio La Venta basin in the vicinity of the reservoir, while deeply weathered granitic terrain underlies the Rio Negro basin, and the headwaters of the Rio La Venta to the south. The Rio Negro joins Rio La Venta 3 km downstream of the upper limit of the reservoir and delivers the bulk of the total clastic sediment (mostly sand and finer material). The canyon and much of the contributing basin lie within the Reserva de la Biosfera, Selva El Ocote, administered by the Comision Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas, part of the Secretaria de Medioambiente y Recursos Naturales. The Klamath National Forest Forest has cooperated with its Mexican counterparts since 1993 in natural resource management, neo-tropical bird inventories, wildfire management, and more recently in watershed analyses. Rates of sedimentation are estimated from bathymetric surveys conducted in March, 2002. A longitudinal profile down the inundated canyon during a high reservoir level shows an inflection from a slope of 0.0017 to one of 0.0075 at 7.2 km downstream of the mouth of Rio Negro. The bed elevation at this point corresponds to the lowest reservoir level, suggesting that the gentler sloping bed upstream is formed by fluvial processes during drawdown and that downstream by pluvial processes. Using accounts that boats could access Rio Negro during low water levels in 1984, we estimate an annual sedimentation rate of roughly 3 million cubic meters per year. This suggests that boats might no longer be able to access the most spectacular section of canyon upstream of Rio Negro within a decade, depending on how the

  10. Between practice and theory: Melanie Klein, Anna Freud and the development of child analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, G

    1996-04-01

    An examination of the early history of child analysis in the writings of Melanie Klein and Anna Freud reveals how two different and opposing approaches to child analysis arose at the same time. The two methods of child analysis are rooted in a differential emphasis on psychoanalytic theory and practice. The Kleinian method derives from the application of technique while the Anna Freudian method is driven by theory. Furthermore, by holding to the Freudian theory of child development Anna Freud was forced to limit the scope of child analysis, while Klein's application of Freudian practice has led to new discoveries about the development of the infant psyche.

  11. Intertekstualiteit en die Bose in Kroniek van Perdepoort (Anna M. Louw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Linde

    1986-05-01

    Patrick White is also an author of religious literature to whom Anna M. Louw is attracted by her own admission. His novels. The solid Mandala and Riders in the Chariot are studied, and similarities with Kroniek van Perdepoort indicated.

  12. Astronaut Anna Fisher practices control of the RMS in a trainer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Astronaut Anna Lee Fisher, mission specialist for 51-A, practices control of the remote manipulator system (RMS) at a special trainer at JSC. Dr. Fisher is pictured in the manipulator development facility (MDF) of JSC's Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory.

  13. Merchandising. Alternativa estratégica del marketing en el punto de venta

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Darwin

    2007-01-01

    Conociendo que entre las funciones de Merchandising, están las técnicas de colocación se productos, las mismas que han alcanzado madurez a partir del desarrollo de las ventas por el sistema auto-selección, donde las compras que realiza el cliente no necesitasen de la presencia del vendedor.Es necesario, hoy en día, que las empresas cubran de la mejor manera todas las necesidades o deseos latentes que puede tener el cliente. Por esta razón, todo lo que trata el Merchandising, tiene que esta...

  14. Una mirada al mercado de venta y compra de calzado femenino en internet

    OpenAIRE

    Cardona Acosta, Paula Andrea; Botero Salazar, Verónica Alejandra

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo aborda las características y particularidades del mercado de venta y compra por internet, en específico el que se refiere al calzado femenino -- Para dicho acercamiento se analizaron en detalle los resultados de una investigación de tipo descriptivo con 384 compradoras y no compradoras de calzado femenino por internet, así como tres entrevistas en profundidad a dichas clientas para conocer su disposición a la compra, identificar los sitios web más usados para compra y vent...

  15. Ventas al cliente final de la PYME comercial de la industria joyera en Guadalajara: Calidad en el servicio y Neuromarketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanna Nathalie Cervantes Guzmán

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El conocimiento del neuromarketing, se puede considerar como el soporte en una estrategia para mejorar la calidad en el servicio de las PYMES. La investigación analizó la relación entre el neuromarketing y la calidad en el servicio en las ventas al cliente final de las PYMES comerciales en la industria joyera de Guadalajara. La metodología que se empleó fue correlacional. Una investigación de campo, no experimental y transaccional. Se demuestra que existe una relación al aplicar la prueba estadística de Wilcoxon. Entre otros, los factores del neuromarketing con los elementos tangibles en ventas directas; elementos intangibles en ventas por redes sociales y elementos intangibles. Se concluye que el incremento del neuromarketing, propicia un aumento en la calidad en el servicio.

  16. Solid radwaste characterization at surry and North Anna Power Stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lippard, D.W.

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes a characterization of the solid radwaste generated at Virginia Power's North Anna and Surry power stations. The primary focus of this characterization was dry active waste (DAW). The characterization, covering the 21-month period from January 1985 through September 1986, was based on information in the station's health physics procurement records, radwaste shipping records, and from interviews with station personnel. The procurement records were the principal source of information for DAW. They were reviewed to determine the quantities of various materials, purchased during the study period, that were expected to become DAW. This provides an upper limit on the quantity in the waste for several major DAW components and a basis for the total amount of other components in the waste. The approach to characterizing DAW discussed in this paper could be implemented and regularly updated by utilizing a computerized procurement records system. If a use code (i.e., contaminated or noncontaminated) is associated with each stock requisition, a characterization could be performed by a computer run. This approach would help track minimization effort effectiveness and would refine the characterization of DAW considerably

  17. Astronaut Anna Fisher Suits Up for NBS Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April 25, 1990 from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-31). The design of the HST took into consideration its length of service and the necessity of repairs and equipment replacement by making the body modular. In doing so, subsequent shuttle missions could recover the HST, replace faulty or obsolete parts and be re-released. Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC's) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) served as the test center for shuttle astronauts training for Hubble related missions. Shown is astronaut Anna Fisher suiting up for training on a mockup of a modular section of the HST for an axial scientific instrument change out.

  18. Astronaut Anna Fisher Suiting Up For NBS Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April 25, 1990 from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-31). The design of the HST took into consideration its length of service and the necessity of repairs and equipment replacement by making the body modular. In doing so, subsequent shuttle missions could recover the HST, replace faulty or obsolete parts and be re-released. Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC's) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) served as the test center for shuttle astronauts training for Hubble related missions. Shown is astronaut Anna Fisher suiting up for training on a mockup of a modular section of the HST for an axial scientific instrument change out.

  19. Astronaut Anna Fisher Suited Up For NBS Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April 25, 1990 from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-31). The design of the HST took into consideration its length of service and the necessity of repairs and equipment replacement by making the body modular. In doing so, subsequent shuttle missions could recover the HST, replace faulty or obsolete parts and be re-released. Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC's) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) served as the test center for shuttle astronauts training for Hubble related missions. Shown is astronaut Anna Fisher suited up for training on a mockup of a modular section of the HST for an axial scientific instrument change out.

  20. Astronaut Anna Fisher in NBS Training For Hubble Space Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April 25, 1990 from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-31). The design of the HST took into consideration its length of service and the necessity of repairs and equipment replacement by making the body modular. In doing so, subsequent shuttle missions could recover the HST, replace faulty or obsolete parts and be re-released. Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC's) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) served as the test center for shuttle astronauts training for Hubble related missions. Shown is astronaut Anna Fisher training on a mock-up of a modular section of the HST for an axial scientific instrument change out.

  1. Anna Freud and the Holocaust: mourning and survival guilt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, John J

    2014-12-01

    This article explores the period of Anna Freud's life after she was informed of the deaths of her aunts in Nazi concentration camps during World War II. Understanding of this period may be enhanced by consideration of the role of the Holocaust in her complicated mourning process. A series of her dreams is re-examined from the point of view of survivor guilt and the complicated mourning of her father in the context of the Holocaust. It is argued that unconscious reproaches against her father led to an identification with him that included his 'decision' to leave his sisters in Vienna. Survivor guilt in relation to her aunts' murders is seen as one of the complicating factors in the mourning process. In addition the article discusses the possible role of this period, particularly her work with child concentration camp survivors, in her post-war writing. The noted duality in her work between innovation and conservatism is explored in terms of an outcome of the mourning process of this period. It is argued that her views on mourning, trauma, attachment, and the widening scope of indications for psychoanalysis were influenced by the outcome of her mourning process. Finally, an irony is noted in the fact that her attitude about altruism never changed despite the role of the altruism of others in her rescue from the Nazis. Copyright © 2014 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  2. Anna-Maria Galojan - värske hääl poliitikas / Anna-Maria Galojan ; interv. Toomas Verrev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Transiidifirma Transgroup Invest arendusdirektor, Eesti Välispoliitika Instituudi töötaja Anna-Maria Galojan, kes kandideerib Riigikogu valimistel Reformierakonna nimekirjas, räägib oma haridusteest, karjäärist ja poliitilistest eesmärkidest

  3. Revista Annaes de Enfermagem: publicações de enfermeiras sobre pediatria (1932-1941 Revista Annaes de Enfermagem: publicaciones de enfermeras sobre pediatria (1932-1941 Revista Annaes de Enfermagem: nurses' publications about pediatrics (1932-1941

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Silva Fontes

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Estudo histórico-social que tem como objeto a produção intelectual de enfermeiras e estudantes de enfermagem relativas à enfermagem pediátrica na revista Annaes de Enfermagem, no período entre 1932-1941. A fonte primária refere-se aos números da revista Annaes de Enfermagem pertencentes ao recorte temporal do estudo, além de relatórios e correspondências. As fontes secundárias estão constituídas de livros, artigos, dissertações e teses relativas à história do Brasil e da enfermagem. A análise dos dados teve o apoio das fontes secundárias e do pensamento do sociólogo francês Pierre Bourdieu. Os resultados evidenciam que a revista Annaes de Enfermagem publicou e divulgou temas importantes sobre a assistência de enfermagem à criança e contribuiu para a visibilidade da enfermeira brasileira junto à comunidade científica.Estudio de naturaleza historico-social que tiene como objeto la producción intelectual de las enfermeras y estudiantes de enfermería relativos a la enfermería pediátrica en el periodico Annaes de Enfermagem, en el período 1932-1941. Las fuentes primarias se refieren a los números de la Revista Annaes de Enfermagem pertenecientes al recorte temporal del estudio, además de los informes y correspondencia. Las fuentes secundarias están compuestas de libros, artículos, tesis y disertaciones sobre la historia de la enfermería de Brasil. El análisis de datos cuenta con el apoyo de fuentes secundarias y el pensamiento del sociólogo francés Pierre Bourdieu. Los resultados muestran que el periodico Annaes de Enfermería publicó sobre las importantes cuestiones de la asistencia de enfermería para el niño y ha contribuydo con la visibilidad de la enfermera brasileña en la comunidad científica.Historic-social study whose object was the intellectual production of nurses and students about pediatric nursing in the journal Annaes de Enfermagem, in the period 1932-1941. The primary source refers to the

  4. Sedimentary evidence of historical and prehistorical earthquakes along the Venta de Bravo Fault System, Acambay Graben (Central Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacan, Pierre; Ortuño, María; Audin, Laurence; Perea, Hector; Baize, Stephane; Aguirre-Díaz, Gerardo; Zúñiga, F. Ramón

    2018-03-01

    The Venta de Bravo normal fault is one of the longest structures in the intra-arc fault system of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. It defines, together with the Pastores Fault, the 80 km long southern margin of the Acambay Graben. We focus on the westernmost segment of the Venta de Bravo Fault and provide new paleoseismological information, evaluate its earthquake history, and assess the related seismic hazard. We analyzed five trenches, distributed at three different sites, in which Holocene surface faulting offsets interbedded volcanoclastic, fluvio-lacustrine and colluvial deposits. Despite the lack of known historical destructive earthquakes along this fault, we found evidence of at least eight earthquakes during the late Quaternary. Our results indicate that this is one of the major seismic sources of the Acambay Graben, capable of producing by itself earthquakes with magnitudes (MW) up to 6.9, with a slip rate of 0.22-0.24 mm yr- 1 and a recurrence interval between 1940 and 2390 years. In addition, a possible multi-fault rupture of the Venta de Bravo Fault together with other faults of the Acambay Graben could result in a MW > 7 earthquake. These new slip rates, earthquake recurrence rates, and estimation of slips per event help advance our understanding of the seismic hazard posed by the Venta de Bravo Fault and provide new parameters for further hazard assessment.

  5. Zara: Imagen de marca internacional y debut en la venta online en Europa occidental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noemí Martínez Caraballo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objeto: Zara abrió en España, Francia, Alemania, Reino Unido, Italia y Portugal su tienda online en la campaña otoño/invierno 2010. Se trata de un paso estratégico importante, encuadrado en la búsqueda que el Grupo Inditex realiza diariamente para ofrecer el mejor servicio a los clientes en todo el mundo. El presente trabajo analiza la notoriedad de marca de Zara y las posibilidades que plantea Internet como herramienta de comunicación y como canal de distribución.Diseño/metodología: Se presenta un análisis descriptivo de la experiencia de Zara desde el lanzamiento de zara.com desde septiembre de 2010. Se muestra, además, un análisis comparativo respecto a dos de sus competidores: H&M y Mango.Resultados: Se observa cómo Zara parece estar superando en alcance y en número de páginas vistas a Mango, pero todavía no alcanza los niveles de H&M, a nivel internacional.Limitaciones: Se trata de un artículo descriptivo; no se han podido analizar con detalle los resultados de la venta online de Zara debido a su reciente incorporación en este canal de distribución y a que la política del Grupo Inditex es esperar a que transcurran doce meses de funcionamiento de la tienda virtual para ofrecer los primeros resultados.Implicaciones prácticas: Conocer la estrategia emprendida por Zara y sus competidores para, a través del comercio electrónico, lograr consolidar su imagen de marca internacional. Ello permite perfilar recomendaciones para los gestores y que la incursión en el canal de venta online sea un éxito.Valor añadido: Dada la situación de recesión económica en que nos encontramos y debido al papel protagonista que está tomando el sector textil en la comercialización y venta online en España en los últimos meses, el comercio electrónico en el sector textil resulta un tema de gran actualidad. Además, se centra en una de las empresas españolas que más estudios ha acaparado gracias a su indudable éxito.

  6. Infantile sexuality: Its place in the conceptual developments of Anna Freud and Donald W. Winnicott.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Angela

    2016-06-01

    This essay explores the place of infantile sexuality in the theories of Anna Freud and Donald W Winnicott. Both Anna Freud and D.W. Winnicott incorporated and at the same time changed the classical psychoanalytic account of infantile sexuality and the instinctual drives. Whilst Anna Freud remained closer to her father's original conceptualization, she developed a multidimensional model of development which gave the drives a foundational status whist also maintaining their significance in giving meaning and texture to children's subjective experience. Winnicott also retained much of S. Freud's original theorizing except that in a fundamental way he turned it on its head when considering earliest development. For him the establishment of the self was paramount, and the drives and infantile sexuality merely served to give substance to that self. Copyright © 2016 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  7. [Revista Annaes de Enfermagem: nurses' publications about pediatrics (1932-1941)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontes, Aline Silva; Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco; Oliveira, Alexandre Barbosa de

    2009-01-01

    Historic-social study whose object was the intellectual production of nurses and students about pediatric nursing in the journal Annaes de Enfermagem, in the period 1932-1941. The primary source refers to the issues of the journal Annaes de Enfermagem considering the established time limits for the study, as well as reports and correspondences. The secondary sources are constituted by books, articles, dissertations and thesis on the Brazilian history of nursing. On data analysis it was used the thought of the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The results show that the journal Annaes de Enfermagem published important issues of nursing care to the child and contributed to the visibility of Brazilian nurses among the scientific community.

  8. Aiamängud vormi ja värviga / Anna-Liisa Unt ; interv. Victoria Parmas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Unt, Anna-Liisa, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Maaülikoolis ja Rootsi Põllumajandusülikoolis maastikuarhitektuuri õppinud Anna-Liisa Unt (sünd. 1982) endast, oma aiakujundustest, tüüpilisest eestlase aiast tänapäeval jm. Anna-Liisa Undi tööde loetelu

  9. Characterization of solid radwaste generated at Virginia Power's Surry and North Anna stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lippard, D.W.; Elguindy, H.; Nelson, R.A.

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes the results of a study on characterization of the major constituents of the solid radwaste generated at Virginia Power's North Anna and Surry Power Stations. The characterization consisted of identifying the individual constituents of the dry active waste (DAW) and estimating the fraction of the total DAW (both weight and volume) made up by each constituent. The analysis of the characterization of solid waste streams generated at both North Anna and Surry stations has lead to recommending techniques for both source minimization and waste volume reduction

  10. Reduced herbivory during simulated ENSO rainy events increases native herbaceous plants in semiarid Chile

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Manrique, R.; Gutierrez, J.R.; Holmgren, M.; Squeo, F.A.

    2007-01-01

    El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events have profound consequences for the dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems. Since increased climate variability is expected to favour the invasive success of exotic species, we conducted a field experiment to study the effects that simulated rainy ENSO events in

  11. Vegetative substrates used by larval northern pike in Rainy and Kabetogama Lakes, Minnesota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anne L. Timm; Rodney B. Pierce

    2015-01-01

    Our objective was to identify characteristics of aquatic vegetative communities used as larval northern pike nursery habitat in Rainy and Kabetogama lakes, glacial shield reservoirs in northern Minnesota. Quatrefoil light traps fished at night were used to sample larval northern pike in 11 potential nursery areas. Larval northern pike were most commonly sampled among...

  12. Molecular detection of Theileria annae and Hepatozoon canis in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Croatia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezdek, Danko; Vojta, Lea; Curković, Snjezana; Lipej, Zoran; Mihaljević, Zeljko; Cvetnić, Zeljko; Beck, Relja

    2010-09-20

    An epizootiological field study on tick-borne protozoan infections in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) was carried out in different parts of Croatia. Spleen samples of 191 carcasses of red foxes killed in sanitary hunting, were examined for the presence of hematozoa by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and subsequent sequencing. The investigation revealed four species of hematozoa in 57 foxes (30%), namely Theileria annae, Theileria sp. 3182/05 and Hepatozoon canis. T. annae was found in 10 foxes (5%), Theileria sp. 3182/05 in a single animal (1%), H. canis in 44 (23%) and Hepatozoon sp. was detected in two foxes (1%). T. annae and H. canis were distributed through all the studied regions, while Theileria sp. 3182/05 and Hepatozoon sp. were restricted to the Zagreb and Zagorje, and Istria regions, respectively. Detection of T. annae in all regions of Croatia indicates the presence of the natural cycle of the parasite and raises the possibility of other vectors other than the proposed Ixodes hexagonus.

  13. Anna Groundwater, The Scottish Middle March 1573-1625: Power, Kinship, Allegiance

    OpenAIRE

    Janine van Vliet

    2011-01-01

    Anna Groundwater. The Scottish Middle March 1573-1625: Power, Kinship, Allegiance. Royal Historical Society Studies in History, New Series. Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press, 2010. Pp. 236. ISBN 978-0-86193-307-5. £50.00; US$90.00.

  14. Anna Groundwater, The Scottish Middle March 1573-1625: Power, Kinship, Allegiance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine van Vliet

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Anna Groundwater. The Scottish Middle March 1573-1625: Power, Kinship, Allegiance. Royal Historical Society Studies in History, New Series. Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press, 2010. Pp. 236. ISBN 978-0-86193-307-5. £50.00; US$90.00.

  15. Abjeção em textos de André Sant’Anna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Salgueirinho

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma leitura de textos do escritor André Sant’Anna a partir da problematização que, em The Return of the Real (1986, o crítico de arte norte-americano Hal Foster faz da noção de abjeto e da dita abject art.

  16. The "Matchbox School" (1927-1932): Anna Freud and the Idea of a "Psychoanalytically Informed Education"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Midgley, Nick

    2008-01-01

    Of all the applications of psychoanalysis to various fields, perhaps none has been as important--or as fraught--as the application of psychoanalytic insights to education. This paper re-constructs some of the early debates around psychoanalysis and pedagogy that Anna Freud engaged with during the 1920s in Vienna, when the whole question of what…

  17. African American Women Scholars and International Research: Dr. Anna Julia Cooper's Legacy of Study Abroad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Stephanie Y.

    2009-01-01

    EIn this article, the author presents a little-known but detailed history of Black women's tradition of study abroad. Specifically, she situates Dr. Anna Julia Cooper within the landscape of historic African American students who studied in Japan, Germany, Jamaica, England, Italy, Haiti, India, West Africa, and Thailand, in addition to France. The…

  18. Fidelización y rentabilización de usuarios de seguros todo riesgo de vehículos por medio de la venta cruzada y la venta escalonada. Un enfoque promocional para la industria aseguradora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gabriel Contreras Serrano

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Mantener relaciones activas con clientes rentables es uno de los principales objetivos de la industria aseguradora en Colombia. Para esto y para generar campañas de retención, se han desarrollado modelos tácticos de segmentación que tienen en cuenta la probabilidad de fuga del cliente y el valor vitalicio del mismo. Esta investigación propone un diseño de análisis conjunto con 560 tomadores de pólizas de seguros de autos en diversas latitudes del país. Se examinan los esquemas promocionales que aceleran la probabilidad de renovar la póliza de seguro que tienen con su agencia aseguradora actual. La aplicación de un modelo logit multinomial ofrece evidencia de que las promociones bajo venta cruzada son eficientes para fidelizar usuarios rentables, mientras la venta escalonada es propicia para rentabilizar clientes fieles.

  19. Manual para la elaboración del estado de costo de producción y ventas en los sistemas convencionales de la contabilidad de costos - Conclusiones

    OpenAIRE

    Morillo Moreno, Marysela C.

    2008-01-01

    Índice General Dedicatoria Agradecimientos Lista de cuadros Lista de figuras Introducción Objetivos de la investigación, justificación de la investigación y marco metodológico Capítulo 1: El ciclo de la contabilidad de costos expresado mediante el estado de costos de producción y ventas Capítulo 2: Estado de costo de producción y ventas en un sistema d...

  20. Manual para la elaboración del estado de costo de producción y ventas en los sistemas convencionales de la contabilidad de costos - Agradecimientos

    OpenAIRE

    Morillo Moreno, Marysela C.

    2008-01-01

    Índice General Dedicatoria Agradecimientos Lista de cuadros Lista de figuras Introducción Objetivos de la investigación, justificación de la investigación y marco metodológico Capítulo 1: El ciclo de la contabilidad de costos expresado mediante el estado de costos de producción y ventas Capítulo 2: Estado de costo de producción y ventas en un sistema d...

  1. Manual para la elaboración del estado de costo de producción y ventas en los sistemas convencionales de la contabilidad de costos - Dedicatoria

    OpenAIRE

    Morillo Moreno, Marysela C.

    2008-01-01

    Índice General Dedicatoria Agradecimientos Lista de cuadros Lista de figuras Introducción Objetivos de la investigación, justificación de la investigación y marco metodológico Capítulo 1: El ciclo de la contabilidad de costos expresado mediante el estado de costos de producción y ventas Capítulo 2: Estado de costo de producción y ventas en un sistema d...

  2. Marketing digital como estrategia de promoción y venta : Caso sitio web Escuela de Postgrado de Marketing Internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Salamanca Salamanca, Carolina

    2011-01-01

    Se muestra cómo en la nueva era digital aparecen nuevos canales de promoción y venta de bienes y servicios tales como el Marketing Digital. Se describe en qué consiste, conceptos de tecnología relacionados y un paso a paso para identificar cuál sería la mejor estrategia y cómo elegir el canal indicado. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas

  3. Short term wind speed forecasting in La Venta, Oaxaca, Mexico, using artificial neural networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cadenas, Erasmo [Facultad de Ingenieria Mecanica, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Santiago Tapia No. 403, Centro, 5000, Mor., Mich. (Mexico); Rivera, Wilfrido [Centro de Ivestigacion en Energia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 34, Temixco 62580, Morelos (Mexico)

    2009-01-15

    In this paper the short term wind speed forecasting in the region of La Venta, Oaxaca, Mexico, applying the technique of artificial neural network (ANN) to the hourly time series representative of the site is presented. The data were collected by the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) during 7 years through a network of measurement stations located in the place of interest. Diverse configurations of ANN were generated and compared through error measures, guaranteeing the performance and accuracy of the chosen models. First a model with three layers and seven neurons was chosen, according to the recommendations of diverse authors, nevertheless, the results were not sufficiently satisfactory so other three models were developed, consisting of three layers and six neurons, two layers and four neurons and two layers and three neurons. The simplest model of two layers, with two input neurons and one output neuron, was the best for the short term wind speed forecasting, with mean squared error and mean absolute error values of 0.0016 and 0.0399, respectively. The developed model for short term wind speed forecasting showed a very good accuracy to be used by the Electric Utility Control Centre in Oaxaca for the energy supply. (author)

  4. Ventas de comida popular en Santa Marta, la ciudad turística de la informalidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Alfonso Acevedo Merlano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo trata sobre las ventas y los vendedores callejeros del centro histórico del distrito turístico, cultural e histórico de Santa Marta Colombia. Se enmarca en el campo de la antropología de la comida y pone énfasis en la resistencia popular implicada en estas prácticas informales, en relación con un proceso de renovación urbana y de “limpieza social” del centro de Santa Marta. El documento posee un análisis del contenido etnográfico en un marco conceptual que articula las dimensiones categoriales de cultura y alimentación, subalternidad, informalidad, resistencia, identificaciones, memoria, y semántica de la valoración y la comunicación. Todo esto, con el fin de indagar en cómo la gente demuestra apropiación de algunos rasgos distintivos, muchas veces caracterizados por evocaciones sensoriales, que vislumbran una identificación frente a los elementos de la comida, ésta entendida como un hecho social en el que se reflejan las costumbres, los gustos y las realidades de las personas.

  5. Determinantes de una elección errada al escoger medicamentos de venta libre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M. Arboleda

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio evalúa la probabilidad de confusión del consumidor para seis categorías de medicamentos de venta libre. Las estimaciones se realizan con base en un diseño experimental donde el tiempo y la presencia de las marcas son las variables manipuladas. Adicionalmente, se controla por recordación y hábito de consumo de la marca. A través de tres tipos de análisis (tabla de contingencia, regresión de árbol y regresión LOGIT, los resultados indican que la recordación y la presencia de la marca son dos variables que reducen la probabilidad de confusión. Los resultados no son generalizables a otras categorías; sin embargo, la recordación y presencia de la marca sí resultan ser variables importantes al evaluar la probabilidad de confusión del consumidor.

  6. Medicamentos de venta libre en el Brasil Over-the-counter drugs in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela Heineck

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio se analizaron los 100 productos del mercado farmacéutico popular (de venta libre más vendidos en el Brasil, en el período comprendido entre junio de 1992 y junio de 1993. Se excluyeron 23 productos alimentarios clasificados como medicamentos. La muestra, formada por 77 medicamentos, representaba aproximadamente 67% del consumo en valores y 76,8% del consumo en unidades de las especialidades vendidas en el mercado popular. Para la clasificación de los medicamentos, se utilizó el sistema anatómico-terapéutico-químico (ATC. Las especialidades también se clasificaron con la metodología del valor intrínseco, que considera la eficacia y los riesgos de las mismas. La mayoría de las especialidades (91% mostraron "poco valor intrínseco" (dudoso/nulo, relativo, inaceptable, y 70% correspondieron a combinaciones en dosis fijas. Solo 10 especialidades pertenecían a la Relación Nacional de Medicamentos, producida por el Ministerio de Salud, y cuatro a la lista de medicamentos esenciales de la OMS. Los grupos terapéuticos a los que pertenecían las especialidades fueron, en orden de mayor a menor frecuencia, el aparato digestivo, la piel, el aparato genitourinario, el aparato musculosquelético, el sistema nervioso central, los antiparasitarios, el aparato respiratorio y los órganos de los sentidos. El subgrupo terapéutico de mayor venta fue el de preparaciones para la garganta, mientras que el que representó el mayor valor en ventas fue el de los analgésicos no opiáceos y antipiréticos. Los resultados confirman la hipótesis planteada de que los medicamentos de venta libre en el Brasil presentan mala calidad terapéutica y de que el consumo de muchas de estas especialidades farmacéuticas representa gastos innecesarios para la población. Se puede afirmar también que algunos de esos medicamentos no deberían estar disponibles para una población que no está al corriente de las complicaciones asociadas con su

  7. PERFORMANCE OF BALI BULL IN GREENLOT FATTENING BY FARMERS WHEN RAINY SEASON IN TIMOR ISLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.K. Tahuk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to determine the performance of Bali bull in rainy season underfeedlotting management on farmer level in Timor Island. Twenty Bali bulls with 2.0-2.5 years old on thebasis of teeth eruption were used in this study. Feed for animals was field grass, king grass and cornstraw. The type, quantity and quality of feed given in accordance with the habits of farmers in thefattened cattle. Research was conducted by direct observation in farmer management during rainyseason. Data measured were daily gain, feed consumption and feed conversion. The data collected wastabulated and analyzed descriptively. The result showed that the average of daily gain weight was 0.53kg/head/d, dry matter intake was 3.88 kg/head/d and feed conversion was 7.55 kg DM/kg daily gain. Inconclusion, performance of Bali bull fattened at farmers level with forage in the rainy season could beimproved.

  8. Identificación de las principales competencias del personal de ventas de una empresa de consumo masivo y su relación con los resultados de alto desempeño

    OpenAIRE

    Candia Zegarra, Edgardo; Venegas Palomino, Jean Pablo

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación nace con la finalidad de identificar cuáles son las principales de competencias del personal de ventas del sector de consumo masivo, un sector de constante crecimiento y dinamismo en el mercado peruano. En este documento se exploran las competencias de 48 vendedores de una empresa distribuidora de productos de consumo masivo, quienes laboran en el canal directo (venta mayorista) y canal indirecto (venta distribuidoras). La información sobre sus competencias se obtuvo...

  9. Peter Heller's a Child Analysis with Anna Freud: the significance of the case for the history of child psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Midgley, Nick

    2012-02-01

    A Child Analysis with Anna Freud, a collection of Anna Freud's detailed case notes of her treatment of the young Peter Heller between 1929 and 1932, was first published in English in 1990. Not only does this work give us direct access to Anna Freud's ways of thinking and working at a crucial period in the early history of child analysis; it is also one of the few records of an adult reflecting in depth on the experience of being in analysis as a child. Yet to date this work has received little attention in the psychoanalytic literature. In an attempt to redress this neglect, the Heller case study is placed in the context of Anna Freud's emerging ideas about child analysis. In particular, its significance in the development of her psychoanalytic thinking is investigated in the light of her 1927 book, The Technique of Child Analysis.

  10. Kahevahel : Kui hajusad on kultuuriruumi piirid? / Anna Verschik, Tiina Kirss, Mikko Lagerspetz ; intervjueerinud Daniele Monticelli, Merle Karro-Kalberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Verschik, Anna, 1968-

    2015-01-01

    Kultuurist, kultuuriruumist, kultuuris olemisest ja sealt pärinemisest arutlevad TLÜ professori Daniele Monticelli eestvõttel TLÜ professorid Anna Verschik ja Tiina Kirss ning Turu Åbo Akadeemia professor Mikko Lagerspetz

  11. Bifurcation of Lane Change and Control on Highway for Tractor-Semitrailer under Rainy Weather

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Peng

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A new method is proposed for analyzing the nonlinear dynamics and stability in lane changes on highways for tractor-semitrailer under rainy weather. Unlike most of the literature associated with a simulated linear dynamic model for tractor-semitrailers steady steering on dry road, a verified 5DOF mechanical model with nonlinear tire based on vehicle test was used in the lane change simulation on low adhesion coefficient road. According to Jacobian matrix eigenvalues of the vehicle model, bifurcations of steady steering and sinusoidal steering on highways under rainy weather were investigated using a numerical method. Furthermore, based on feedback linearization theory, taking the tractor yaw rate and joint angle as control objects, a feedback linearization controller combined with AFS and DYC was established. The numerical simulation results reveal that Hopf bifurcations are identified in steady and sinusoidal steering conditions, which translate into an oscillatory behavior leading to instability. And simulations of urgent step and single-lane change in high velocity show that the designed controller has good effects on eliminating bifurcations and improving lateral stability of tractor-semitrailer, during lane changing on highway under rainy weather. It is a valuable reference for safety design of tractor-semitrailers to improve the traffic safety with driver-vehicle-road closed-loop system.

  12. Regional Frequency Analysis of Extreme Dry Spells during Rainy Season in the Wei River Basin, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunxian She

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Our research analyzes the regional changes of extreme dry spell, represented by the annual maximum dry spell length (noted as AMDSL during the rainy season in the Wei River Basin (WRB of China for 1960–2014 using the L-moments method. The mean AMDSL values increase from the west to the east of the WRB, suggesting a high dry risk in the east compared to the west in the WRB. To investigate the regional frequency more reasonably, the WRB is clustered into four homogenous subregions via the K-means method and some subjective adjustments. The goodness-of-fit test shows that the GEV, PE3, and GLO distribution can be accepted as the “best-fit” model for subregions 1 and 4, subregion 2, and subregion 3, respectively. The quantiles of AMDSL under various return levels figure out a similar spatial distribution with mean AMDSL. We also find that the dry risk in subregion 2 and subregion 4 might be higher than that in subregion 1. The relationship between ENSO events and extreme dry spell events in the rainy season with cross wavelet analysis method proves that ENSO events play a critical role in triggering extreme dry events during rainy season in the WRB.

  13. Improved waste water polishing in the North Anna clarifier using Durasil ion exchange media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hensley, M.C.; Sutter, H.G.

    1986-01-01

    On December 26, 1985, forty-one cubic feet of ion exchange media provided by Duratek was loaded into the North Anna clarifier demineralizer. As of the writing of this manuscript (February 6, 1986), processing using this single loading has continued for 42 straight days without breakthrough. To date, some 5.89 million gallons have been processed at an average flow rate of 140,200 gal/day. Throughputs are 143,700 gal/cu.ft. and still climbing. These figures represent improvements of a factor 20 over the run times experienced with organic resins immediately prior to the introduction of the new materials. This paper describes the testing program of Durasil ion exchange media carried out at North Anna by Duratek which lead to this dramatic improvement in performance

  14. [Participation of the Anna Nery School in the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida Filho, Antonio José; Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco

    2003-01-01

    This is a historical-social research project. The main objective is to present the participation of the Anna Nery Nursing School in the medical assistance positions in the state of Sao Paulo during the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932. The objective of the present investigation is to describe how the teachers and students of the Anna Nery Nursing School participated in the different operation fronts during this war and to analyse the implications of the performance of nurses and students of this School. Our main documental resource were written and photographical documents that belong to the Centre of Documentation of the EEA/UFRJ. The secondary source were articles and books that about the history of Brazil and Brazilian nursing. This investigation evidenced the importance of the nurse's work during times of crisis and it also made possible for the EEAN to earn symbolic profits.

  15. Melanie Klein and Anna Freud: the discourse of the early dispute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viner, R

    1996-01-01

    Divisions in the field of the psychoanalysis of children can be traced to a dispute over the infantile super-ego between the theorists Melanie Klein and Anna Freud beginning in 1927. These divisions are understood within the analytic world as the result of scientific disputation between alternative valid theories. An examination of the language, claims, and epistemology of Klein's and Freud's publications in 1927 that marked the public commencement of the conflict, reveals a personalized discourse in which authority was derived from the allegiance, experience, and personal analytic standing of the contestants as much as from theoretical insight. The structure and rhetoric of the debate suggest that, rather than terminating the dispute, the publications of 1927 served to encourage professionalization in child analysis and establish Anna Freud and Melanie Klein as authoritative alternative theorists.

  16. Vos, Faust, Voss: raakpunte tussen Vos deur Anna M. Louw en enkele ander tekste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. John

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Vos, Faust, Voss: Points of contact between Vos by Anna M. Louw and selected other texts This article explores points of contact between “Vos” by Anna M. Louw and a number of related texts, including the following: the book “Job” from the Christian Bible, “Faust” by Goethe, “Voss” by Patrick White and texts forming part of the Gnostic tradition. The analysis describes similarities and differences, arguing that the implication of the points of contact between the various texts is that Vos suggests that the heritage of the Christian Reformation is not adequate for an understanding of life in South Africa, and it has to be supplemented with perspectives from other traditions.

  17. Clinical Holistic Medicine: The Case Story of Anna. II. Patient Diary as a Tool in Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sören Ventegodt

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In spite of extreme childhood sexual and violent abuse, a 22-year-old young woman, Anna, healed during holistic existential therapy. New and highly confrontational therapeutic tools were developed and used to help this patient (like acceptance through touch and acupressure through the vagina. Her vulva and introitus were scarred from repeated brutal rape, as was the interior of her mouth. During therapy, these scars were gently contacted and the negative emotional contents released. The healing was in accordance with the advanced holistic medical toolbox that uses (1 love, (2 trust, (3 holding, and (4 helping the patient to process and integrate old traumas.The case story clearly revealed the philosophical adjustments that Anna made during treatment in response to the severe childhood abuse. These adjustments are demonstrated by her diary, where sentences contain both the feelings and thoughts of the painful present (the gestalt at the time of the abuse, thus containing the essence of the traumas, making the repression of the painful emotions possible through the change in the patient’s philosophical perspective. Anna's case gives a unique insight into the process of traumatization (pathogenesis and the process of healing (salutogenesis. At the end of the healing, Anna reconnected her existence to the outer world in a deep existential, suicidal crisis and faced her choice of life or death. She decided to live and, in this process, assumed existential responsibility, which made her able to step out of her mental disease. The advanced holistic toolbox seems to help patients heal even from the worst childhood abuse. In spite of the depth of the existential crisis, holistic existential therapy seems to support existential responsibility well and thus safe for the patients.

  18. A comparison of Zircaloy oxide thicknesses on Millstone-3 and North Anna-1 PWR fuel cladding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polley, M.V.; Evans, H.E.

    1993-08-01

    High concentrations of lithium in the coolant may enhance the corrosion rate of Zircaloy fuel cladding. In the present work, oxide thicknesses on fuel cladding from the Millstone 3 PWR were compared with those from the North Anna 1 PWR. The intention was to identify whether the higher lithium levels (up to 3.5 ppM) in the Millstone 3 primary coolant during cycles 2 and 3 led to significantly greater oxidation rates than in North Anna 1 which operated generally with lithium levels lower than 2.2 ppM. The comparisons were made by comparing the measurements with code predictions of Zircaloy oxidation in order to factor out the effect of operational variables on the oxide thicknesses achieved. Overall, Millstone 3 oxide thicknesses were found to be approximately 14% greater than North Anna 1 values. However, approximately 29% lower oxide thicknesses were found on reload Millstone 3 rods exposed to one cycle of elevated lithium chemistry than on Millstone 3 initial fuel exposed to one cycle of normal lithium chemistry during cycle 1. Furthermore, oxide thicknesses on Millstone 3 rods exposed to two cycles of elevated lithium chemistry were approximately 36% lower than on Millstone 3 rods exposed to one cycle of normal lithium chemistry plus one cycle of elevated lithium chemistry. Therefore, it cannot be concluded that elevated lithium operation in Millstone 3 led to enhanced Zircaloy fuel clad corrosion

  19. La venta de cargos municipales : tres casos concretos en Tarifa a principios del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Sarriá Muñoz

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available A la hora de analizar un tema tan propio del gobierno municipal en el Antiguo Régimen como el que aquí abordamos, cabe plantearse una cuestión inicial que nos acerque al centro del problema: ¿Cómo es posible que mientras la evolución general de las monarquías modernas en Europa tendía hacia una cada vez mayor centralización política, se adoptara una práctica que venía a socavar esos mismos principios de la autoridad real? Pues, sin duda, la enajenación de la Corona de los oficios municipales, especialmente los de regidores, conllevaba una peligrosa carga de independencia política personal del poseedor con respecto al Estado. Se trata de dos ideas exactamente divergentes en su concepción de la administración pública. Sin embargo, fueron de la mano durante todo el período que comprende la Edad Moderna, constituyendo éste uno de los aspectos de más interesante estudio sobre la Administración pública. En definitiva, la venta de oficios públicos en el municipio castellano tuvo una larga y ambigua existencia. Su partida de nacimiento se sitúa en la baja Edad Media, desapareciendo en los albores de la contemporaneidad española, esto es, con las cortes de Cádiz y su labor desmanteladora de los restos feudovasalláticos que aún pervivían en la estructura social y política del país.

  20. Primate fauna from the Miocene La Venta, in the Tatacoa desert, department of Huila, Colombia Primate fauna from the Miocene La Venta, in the Tatacoa desert, department of Huila, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setoguchi Takeshi

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Los ejemplares aquí descritos aumentan el conocimiento sobre la diversidad de los primates del Mioceno medio de América del Sur. Nótese, sin embargo que se discutirá y se mencionará solo el material que ya ha sido descrito previamente; el resto de fósiles se prepara para otra publicación (SETOGOUCHI y ROSENBERGER, en preparación, razón por la cual no se mencionan en este manuscrito. Estos datos proporcionan un panorama más claro sobre la diversificación de la fauna primatológica durante el Mioceno medio.  En esta área, ahora periférica a la Cuenca del Amazonas, donde los primates platirrinos son muy abundantes, pudieron haber vivido 10 especies, en forma simpátrica, sin tenerse en cuenta las diferencias temporales. El arreglo adaptativo de insectívoros-frugívoros-folívoros que tipifica las comunidades del bosque Neotropical en la actualidad, parece guardar similitud con las comunidades de primates fósiles de La Venta. Estos fósiles también parecen corroborar la hipótesis (ROSENBERGER,1979; DELSON & ROSENBERGER, 1984 de que los géneros de monos vivientes del Nuevo Mundo (Callithrix, AIouatta y Ateles representan una rama filogenética que se separó hace mucho tiempo y que guarda una estrecha relación con los fósiles encontrados en el sitio Kyoto en La Venta, los cuales, posiblemente fueron sus ancentros.The Tatacoa desert in Department of Huila of Republic of Colombia,is one of the richest classical continental South American localitiesyielding Tertiary vertebrate faunas, known as the La Venta fauna. The LaVenta is within the Miocene Honda Group and its fauna has been correlated with Argentine deposits of the Friasian Land Mammal Age, dated at about 14 Ma (million years ago. The original collection yielded three primate species: Neosaimiri fieldsi, Cebu pithecia sarmient oi, and Stirt onia tatacoensis.Other fossil platyrrhine primates are known by four or five additionalgenera from the early Oligocene through early

  1. Rainy Day: A Remote Sensing-Driven Extreme Rainfall Simulation Approach for Hazard Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Daniel; Yatheendradas, Soni; Peters-Lidard, Christa; Kirschbaum, Dalia; Ayalew, Tibebu; Mantilla, Ricardo; Krajewski, Witold

    2015-04-01

    Progress on the assessment of rainfall-driven hazards such as floods and landslides has been hampered by the challenge of characterizing the frequency, intensity, and structure of extreme rainfall at the watershed or hillslope scale. Conventional approaches rely on simplifying assumptions and are strongly dependent on the location, the availability of long-term rain gage measurements, and the subjectivity of the analyst. Regional and global-scale rainfall remote sensing products provide an alternative, but are limited by relatively short (~15-year) observational records. To overcome this, we have coupled these remote sensing products with a space-time resampling framework known as stochastic storm transposition (SST). SST "lengthens" the rainfall record by resampling from a catalog of observed storms from a user-defined region, effectively recreating the regional extreme rainfall hydroclimate. This coupling has been codified in Rainy Day, a Python-based platform for quickly generating large numbers of probabilistic extreme rainfall "scenarios" at any point on the globe. Rainy Day is readily compatible with any gridded rainfall dataset. The user can optionally incorporate regional rain gage or weather radar measurements for bias correction using the Precipitation Uncertainties for Satellite Hydrology (PUSH) framework. Results from Rainy Day using the CMORPH satellite precipitation product are compared with local observations in two examples. The first example is peak discharge estimation in a medium-sized (~4000 square km) watershed in the central United States performed using CUENCAS, a parsimonious physically-based distributed hydrologic model. The second example is rainfall frequency analysis for Saint Lucia, a small volcanic island in the eastern Caribbean that is prone to landslides and flash floods. The distinct rainfall hydroclimates of the two example sites illustrate the flexibility of the approach and its usefulness for hazard analysis in data-poor regions.

  2. Los estados contables básicos de cierre de ejercicio y el informe contable para la venta

    OpenAIRE

    Viegas, Juan Carlos; García Fronti, Inés Mercedes; Gajst, Ignacio Fabián

    1996-01-01

    La preparación de un informe contable para la venta de la empresa, exige la adopción de un conjunto de criterios y principios contables específicos que responde a esos fines; los mismos se apartan de las normas de aplicación obligatoria para la preparación de los estados contables de cierre, cuyo objetivo principal es la determinación del resultado de ejercicio. Teniendo en cuenta, la importancia que tienen los estados contables de uso externo, creemos conveniente señalar los alcances de los ...

  3. Portafolio de servicios para posicionar, incrementar ventas y aumentarla participación de las marcas que operan en Pereira

    OpenAIRE

    Cardona González, Carlos Gilmar

    2015-01-01

    Las organizaciones de hoy se enfrentan cada día a nuevos retos y desafíos; uno de ellos es dar cumplimiento a sus planes comerciales de ventas y su participación en el mercado, en un mundo cada vez más competitivo -- La globalización ha permitido que todas las marcas del mercado puedan llegar a cualquier lugar sin importar su procedencia, cultura, idioma o religión -- De allí que el mercado moderno demande hoy nuevas alternativas y estrategias de mercado que permitan competir en escenarios ta...

  4. Herramienta automática para la generación de catálogos de venta en internet

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández, M.J.; Borrego, I.; García-Peñalvo, Francisco José; Curto Diego, María Belén; Moreno García, María N.; Hernández Simón, Juan Andrés

    2001-01-01

    En este trabajo se muestra la génesis de un proyecto orientado a construir una herramienta software especializada, que permita automatizar, hasta cierto punto, el diseño de catálogos de productos para su posteriorpublicación y venta en Internet. Este proceso de automatización tiene como fin último que una empresa pueda entrar e n el mundo del comercio electrónico sin necesidad de que sus responsables tengan unos conocimientos avanzados sobreinformática.

  5. Impacto de la venta de acciones en la salud financiera y el riesgo en los grupos financieros

    OpenAIRE

    Bedoya Villota, Alejandra

    2015-01-01

    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo general el análisis del impacto de la venta de acciones sobre la salud financiera y el riesgo en el grupo Aval. La necesidad por este estudio nace del interés por conocer los costos y beneficios que tienen las empresas a la hora de emitir acciones, siendo ésta última una práctica común en las últimas décadas. Algunas de las motivaciones relevantes para emitir acciones, son la financiación de nuevos proyectos de la empresa, el status que le pueda dar a la...

  6. Contenido de yodo en sal a nivel de puestos de venta provenientes de distintas localidades en tres regiones argentinas

    OpenAIRE

    López Linares, S; Heer I, Martín

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: La deficiencia de yodo es la principal causa prevenible de retardo mental y daño cerebral en la población. La yodación de la sal en Argentina es obligatoria según Ley 17259/67. El objetivo fue determinar el contenido de yodo en sal obtenida de puestos de venta de distintas localidades de provincias que integran la región del noroeste (NOA), nordeste (NEA) y Cuyo. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo y transversal. Se analizaron 80 sales adquiridas por compra directa, mercado ...

  7. Venta cruzada en los fondos de pensiones colombianos: una aproximación mediante análisis de supervivencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Machado Quevedo, Mg

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo de estrategias comerciales para realizar ventas cruzadas efectivas de servicios pensionales, puede ser uno de los retos más grandes de los fondos de pensiones. Se utilizó la base de datos de los afiliados a un fondo de pensiones obligatorias colombiano para implementar varios modelos que describen la incidencia de cuatro características propias de los afiliados sobre la probabilidad de ingresar al fondo de pensiones voluntarias en el siguiente mes. Los modelos se fundamentan en las técnicas de análisis de supervivencia.

  8. Influencia de costos totales en los presupuestos de ventas en MYPEs confeccionistas textiles en Los Olivos 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Guevara Hermoza, Luis Alberto

    2017-01-01

    Esta investigación tiene el interés de demostrar la influencia de los costos totales en el presupuesto de ventas de productos terminados en las empresas MYPEs textiles de confecciones. Estas empresas son dirigidas por sus dueños quienes no cuentan o tienen escasa formación para los negocios y, en consecuencia, enfrentan problemas sin herramientas adecuadas para resolverlos. Usualmente cuando el director de la MYPE se encuentra con poco efectivo o sus ganancias son muy reduci...

  9. Sediment dynamics during the rainy season in tropical highland catchments of central Mexico using fallout radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evrard, Olivier; Ayrault, Sophie; Lefevre, Irene; Bonte, Philippe; Nemery, Julien; Gratiot, Nicolas; Duvert, Clement; Prat, Christian; Esteves, Michel; Poulenard, Jerome

    2010-01-01

    Tropical regions are affected by intense soil erosion associated with deforestation, overgrazing, and cropping intensification. This land degradation leads to important on-site (e.g., decrease in soil fertility) and off-site (e.g., reservoir siltation and water pollution) impacts. This study determined the mean soil particle and sediment residence times in soils and rivers of three sub-catchments (3-12 km 2 ) with contrasted land uses (i.e., cropland, forests, and rangelands) draining to a reservoir located in highlands of the trans-volcanic Mexican belt. Calculations were based on rainfall amount and river discharges as well as on fallout radionuclide measurements (Be-7, Cs-137, and Pb-210) conducted on rainfall precipitated samples, soil sampled in the catchments, and suspended sediment collected by automatic samplers in the river during most storms recorded throughout the 2009 rainy season. Calculations using a radionuclide two-box balance model showed that the mean residence time of particles in soils ranged between 5000 ± 1500 and 23, 300 ± 7000 years. In contrast, sediment residence time in rivers was much shorter, fluctuating between 50 ± 30 and 200 ± 70 days. The shortest mean residence times were measured in a hilly catchment dominated by cropland and rangelands, whereas they were the longest in an undulating catchment dominated by forests and cropland. Calculation of the Be-7/excess-Pb-210 in both rainfall and sediment allowed gaining insight on sediment dynamics throughout the rainy season. The first heavy storms of the year exported the bulk of the sediment stock accumulated in the river channel during the previous year. Then, during the rainy season, the two steeper catchments dominated by cropland and rangelands reacted strongly to rainfall. Sediment was indeed eroded and exported from both catchments during single heavy storms on several occasions in 2009. In contrast, the agro-forested catchment with gentler slopes exported sediment at a

  10. Structural solution to the problem of differential settlement of the Venta de Carpio surface piping; Solucion estructural al problema de hundimientos diferenciales en las tuberias superficiales de Venta de Carpio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilar R, J Ivan; Espejel V, Eduardo; Melchor G, Nicolas; Alanis V, Armandina; Munoz B, Celso J; Avendano P, Lorenzo; Alvarado G, Alonso [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2004-07-01

    The Venta de Carpio Terminal (TVC) is located in the municipality of Acolman, State of Mexico, with geographical coordinates 19 37' of Northern latitude, 98 58' Western longitude and an altitude of 2,283 m over the mean sea level. This terminal is one of the points of greater importance in the system of fuels transport and gas distribution so much as of PEMEX Gas y Petroquimica Basica (PGPB) as of PEMEX Refinacion (PR). The zone where the TVC is located presents a regional collapse due to the extraction of the subsoil water, which can cause damages to this terminal piping systems. As a solution to this problem it is proposed a process of re-lay the foundations of the supports for the mentioned piping systems. [Spanish] La Terminal Venta de Carpio (TVC) se localiza en el municipio de Acolman, Estado de Mexico, con coordenadas geograficas 19 37' de latitud Norte, 98 58' longitud Oeste y una altura de 2,283 m sobre el nivel medio del mar. Esta terminal es uno de los puntos de mayor importancia en el sistema de transporte y distribucion de energeticos tanto de Pemex Gas y Petroquimica Basica (PGPB) como de Pemex Refinacion (PR). La zona donde se ubica la TVC presenta un hundimiento regional debido a la extraccion del agua del subsuelo, lo que puede ocasionar danos a las tuberias de esta terminal. Como solucion a este problema se propone un proceso de recimentacion de los soportes para las tuberias mencionadas.

  11. Structural solution to the problem of differential settlement of the Venta de Carpio surface piping; Solucion estructural al problema de hundimientos diferenciales en las tuberias superficiales de Venta de Carpio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilar R, J. Ivan; Espejel V, Eduardo; Melchor G, Nicolas; Alanis V, Armandina; Munoz B, Celso J; Avendano P, Lorenzo; Alvarado G, Alonso [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2004-07-01

    The Venta de Carpio Terminal (TVC) is located in the municipality of Acolman, State of Mexico, with geographical coordinates 19 37' of Northern latitude, 98 58' Western longitude and an altitude of 2,283 m over the mean sea level. This terminal is one of the points of greater importance in the system of fuels transport and gas distribution so much as of PEMEX Gas y Petroquimica Basica (PGPB) as of PEMEX Refinacion (PR). The zone where the TVC is located presents a regional collapse due to the extraction of the subsoil water, which can cause damages to this terminal piping systems. As a solution to this problem it is proposed a process of re-lay the foundations of the supports for the mentioned piping systems. [Spanish] La Terminal Venta de Carpio (TVC) se localiza en el municipio de Acolman, Estado de Mexico, con coordenadas geograficas 19 37' de latitud Norte, 98 58' longitud Oeste y una altura de 2,283 m sobre el nivel medio del mar. Esta terminal es uno de los puntos de mayor importancia en el sistema de transporte y distribucion de energeticos tanto de Pemex Gas y Petroquimica Basica (PGPB) como de Pemex Refinacion (PR). La zona donde se ubica la TVC presenta un hundimiento regional debido a la extraccion del agua del subsuelo, lo que puede ocasionar danos a las tuberias de esta terminal. Como solucion a este problema se propone un proceso de recimentacion de los soportes para las tuberias mencionadas.

  12. Factores de la innovación y su influencia en las ventas y el empleo. El caso de las mipymes manufactureras mexicanas

    OpenAIRE

    Herenia Gutiérrez Ponce; Pablo Daniel Palacios Duarte

    2015-01-01

    El propósito de este trabajo es conocer la relación entre las ventas, el empleo y la innovación en la industria manufacturera mexicana, mediante el seguimiento longitudinal a las mipymes en el periodo 2007-2010, a través de una investigación empírica y la aplicación de una encuesta a una determinada muestra de mipymes manufactureras mexicanas. Nuestro objetivo fundamental es explicar si el crecimiento en las ventas y el empleo de las empresas se explica por factores de la innovación, investig...

  13. Evaluación y propuesta de rediseño para la estructura de ventas de una empresa de entregas rápidas: servicio courier

    OpenAIRE

    Chacón Rojas, Fernando

    2007-01-01

    Tesis de maestría -- Universidad de Costa Rica. Posgrado en Administración y Dirección de Empresas. Maestría Profesional en Administración y Dirección de Empresas con énfasis en Mercadeo y Ventas, 2007 La presente investigación consistió en elaborar un plan estratégico para el Departamento de Ventas de “La Empresa” con sus clientes “Field Sales” y “Key Account”, capaz de crear una ventaja competitiva sostenible para la compañía. El objetivo general del proyecto fue plantear un modelo para ...

  14. ESTRATEGIAS DE MARKETING MIX PARA AUMENTAR LAS VENTAS DE SERVICIOS EDUCATIVOS EN LA ESPECIALIDAD DE SECRETARIADO EJECUTIVO EN EL INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNOLOGICO ISA-CHICLAYO-2014.

    OpenAIRE

    Anastasio Vallejos, Carla Arleen; Universidad César Vallejos- Chiclayo

    2016-01-01

    La investigación lleva como título “Estrategias de marketing mix para aumentar las ventas de servicios educativos en la especialidad de secretariado ejecutivo en el Instituto Superior Tecnológico ISA-chiclayo-2014”, donde se tuvo como principal objetivo proponer estrategias de marketing mix para aumentar las ventas de servicios educativos en la especialidad de secretariado ejecutivo en el Instituto Superior Tecnológico ISA-Chiclayo. Para ello se realizó un estudio de tipo descriptivo – propos...

  15. Diseño e implementación de una web de compra-venta de artículos falleros

    OpenAIRE

    YARZA FERNÁNDEZ, DIEGO

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El mundo fallero es muy importante para la mayoría de los valencianos, tanto es así que se crean incluso páginas de facebook para la compra-venta de artículos falleros. Siguiendo esta idea surgió la de una página web abierta a todos en la que poder vender todo lo que ya no necesites dentro del sector de las fallas y que otros posibles compradores pudieran contactar con ellos y cerrar la venta por su cuenta, sin intermediarios. Una vez determinadas las necesidades de los us...

  16. Diseño e implementación de un sistema de puntos de venta integrado al ERP Dynamics GP

    OpenAIRE

    Espol; Erazo Aguilar, Neiser Ramiro

    2017-01-01

    El presente informe corresponde al desarrollo de una solución para una empresa que comercializa repuestos automotrices y posee centros de servicios para vehículos, tiene implementado el ERP Microsoft Dynamics GP versión 2013 y presentaba problemas en sus puntos de venta al no poder plasmar su políticas comerciales y no disponer de información para una adecuada atención al cliente. Se le ofreció como solución la implementación un sistema de punto de venta que consta de tres módulos: punto d...

  17. Model Development for Risk Assessment of Driving on Freeway under Rainy Weather Conditions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaonan Cai

    Full Text Available Rainy weather conditions could result in significantly negative impacts on driving on freeways. However, due to lack of enough historical data and monitoring facilities, many regions are not able to establish reliable risk assessment models to identify such impacts. Given the situation, this paper provides an alternative solution where the procedure of risk assessment is developed based on drivers' subjective questionnaire and its performance is validated by using actual crash data. First, an ordered logit model was developed, based on questionnaire data collected from Freeway G15 in China, to estimate the relationship between drivers' perceived risk and factors, including vehicle type, rain intensity, traffic volume, and location. Then, weighted driving risk for different conditions was obtained by the model, and further divided into four levels of early warning (specified by colors using a rank order cluster analysis. After that, a risk matrix was established to determine which warning color should be disseminated to drivers, given a specific condition. Finally, to validate the proposed procedure, actual crash data from Freeway G15 were compared with the safety prediction based on the risk matrix. The results show that the risk matrix obtained in the study is able to predict driving risk consistent with actual safety implications, under rainy weather conditions.

  18. Effectiveness of Metarhizium anisopliae and Entomopathogenic Nematodes to Control Oryctes rhinoceros Larvae in the Rainy Season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indriyanti, Dyah Rini; Widiyaningrum, Priyantini; Haryuni; Slamet, Muji; Maretta, Yoris Adi

    2017-01-01

    Metarhizium anisopliae (MET) and entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) are microorganisms that attack the larvae of Oryctes rhinoceros. The effects of MET, EPN and the combination of both on the O. rhinoceros larvae were studied during the rainy season in Jepara Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Metarhizium anisopliae and entomopathogenic nematodes to control Oryctes rhinoceros larvae in the rainy season. There were four level doses of MET, four level doses of EPN and four mixture of MET and EPN. The experiment used 72 containers that were placed in the garden with coconut palm shade. Five kilograms of organic soil that was mixed with biological control agents (MET, EPN and MET+EPN) and ten O. rhinoceros larvae 3rd instar were put in each other container. The data were analyzed by descriptive analysis. Every larvae mortality was observed once a week and observations are for 8 weeks. The result showed that the larval mortality due to MET treatment occurred on 2nd-7th week. Meanwhile, the larval mortality due to EPN treatment took place on 2nd-8th weeks and the larval mortality due to MET+EPN treatment occurred on 1st-5th weeks. The combination of MET and EPN was simultaneously effective to control O. rhinoceros larvae than separate use of MET or EPN. Result of this study showed that using two agents of biocontrol was more effective, so that it can be beneficial for controlling O. rhinoceros larvae in the field.

  19. Lake Sturgeon, Acipenser fulvescens, movements in Rainy Lake, Minnesota and Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, W.E.; Kallemeyn, L.W.; Willis, D.W.

    2006-01-01

    Rainy Lake, Minnesota-Ontario, contains a native population of Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) that has gone largely unstudied. The objective of this descriptive study was to summarize generalized Lake Sturgeon movement patterns through the use of biotelemetry. Telemetry data reinforced the high utilization of the Squirrel Falls geographic location by Lake Sturgeon, with 37% of the re-locations occurring in that area. Other spring aggregations occurred in areas associated with Kettle Falls, the Pipestone River, and the Rat River, which could indicate spawning activity. Movement of Lake Sturgeon between the Seine River and the South Arm of Rainy Lake indicates the likelihood of one integrated population on the east end of the South Arm. The lack of re-locations in the Seine River during the months of September and October may have been due to Lake Sturgeon moving into deeper water areas of the Seine River and out of the range of radio telemetry gear or simply moving back into the South Arm. Due to the movements between Minnesota and Ontario, coordination of management efforts among provincial, state, and federal agencies will be important.

  20. Increasing levels of crude protein in multiple supplements for grazing beef heifers in rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Vieira de Barros

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to evaluate the effect of multiple supplements with differents levels of crude protein (CP or mineral supplements on the nutritional parameters and performance of beef heifers grazing Uruchloa decumbens in the rainy season. A complete random design was employed. The treatments were made up of increasing levels of CP in the multiple supplements and a control treatment (MM in which animals were offered only mineral mixture. Multiple supplements contained 17; 30; 43 and 56% of CP, for treatments CP17; CP30; CP43 and CP56, respectively. Average daily gain (ADG (g was 447.7; 554.6; 638.4; 587.9; 590.4, for treatments MM, CP17; CP30; CP43 and CP56, respectively. A quadratic effect of the levels of crude protein was found (p< 0.10 on ADG. A greater intake of dry matter (DM, organic matter (OM, CP, ether extract (EE, non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC, total digestible nutrients (TDN, and digested dry matter (p< 0.10 was found in animals supplemented with multiple supplements. Multiple supplements increased the apparent digestibility coefficient of DM, CP, EE and NFC. Supply of multiple multiple supplements for heifers grazing in medium to high quality pastures in the rainy season improves the performance of the animals.

  1. PHYSIOLOGIC BEHAVIOR OF TWO CLONES OF EUCALYPTUS IN DRY AND RAINY SEASON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Dan Tatagiba

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This research studied the behavior of several gaseous trade off (liquid photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, transpiration and water use efficiency and leaf water potential of adult trees of two clones of Eucalyptus in dry and rainy season, in Itauninhas county, Espírito Santo State, in order to allow the seasonal variations of the atmosphere affect carbon assimilation and mainly, the primary productivity of the plants. Clones 15 and 39 presented different answers in the behavior of the gaseous trade off and of leaf water potential in the two studied seasons. The largest values of liquid photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and transpiration and of leaf water potential were found in the rainy season, due to soil water surplus, while in the dry season, the water deficiency cause reduction of those physiologic variables. Clone 39 presented larger values of liquid photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and transpiration in comparison to clone 15, in the dry season, while efficiency in the use of water was inferior, indicating that this clone can probably reach larger productivity, but its strategy in saving water, presented smaller efficiency.

  2. La justicia en venta. El beneficio de cargos americanos de audiencia bajo Carlos II (1683-1700

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanz Tapia, Ángel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the provision and «beneficio» (sale of Justice appointments to Spanish American Audiencias (Higher Courts in the 17th century, that modifies and completes previous research. The sale process of posts in American Audiencias (Crown attorneys, civil and criminal judges and attorneys for Indian defence is studied beginning with the antecedents in the reign of Felipe IV and the mercantile start in 1683 to the final years of Carlos II. Together with the Crown policy on this respect, it is offered a yearly analysis of the provided posts and beneficiaries, amounts paid and posts holders, along with some social aspects of the buyers (origin, status and professional experience.

    El artículo trata la provisión y «beneficio» (venta de los cargos de Justicia de las audiencias hispanoamericanas durante el siglo XVII, modificando y completando investigaciones anteriores. Estudia el proceso de venta de las plazas audienciales indianas (fiscales, oidores, alcaldes del crimen y fiscales protectores de indios desde sus antecedentes con Felipe IV y su inicio mercantil en 1683 hasta finales de Carlos II. Junto al planteamiento de la Corona se ofrece un completo análisis anual de las plazas provistas y beneficiadas, cantidades abonadas y personas titulares, junto con algunos aspectos sociales de los compradores (origen, estatus, experiencia.

  3. Physiatrie and German maternal feminism: Dr. Anna Fischer-Dückelmann critiques academic medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Paulette

    2006-01-01

    Alternative medicine and reform strategies made Anna Fischer-Dückelmann a most controversial, notorious, and widely read women doctor before World War I. She published a dozen titles in 13 languages asserting that national well-being depended on maternal prowess. To her critics, Fischer-Dückelmann's commitment to medical self-help and practices of Physiatrie amounted to medical quackery. Her career has been largely unexamined, yet her feminist critiques and social concerns are not far removed from modern social medicine. For this pioneering doctor, treating physical and emotional ills and promoting the health of families were first steps toward healing the divisions of a world at war.

  4. [Questions and worries. On the correspondence of Grete Bibring and Anna Freud 1949-1975].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakman, Nina

    2015-01-01

    Grete Bibring (1899 - 1977) was a representative of the second generation of analysts. Having emigrated from Vienna to London in 1938, she left for Boston in 1942 where she made a remarkable career. 1946 she became head of the department of psychiatry at the Beth-Israel hospital in Harvard and from 1961 the first woman professor of medicine there. She maintained a connection with European psychoanalysis in the person of Anna Freud with whom she corresponded regularly. Their letters contain an interesting exchange of ideas about psychoanalytic institutions (e.g. the American Psychoanalytical Association) and papers (e.g. on pregnancy). It is also the testimony of an exceptional friendship.

  5. Effects of age and season on haematological parameters of donkeys during the rainy and cold-dry seasons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakari, Friday Ocheja; Ayo, Joseph Olusegun; Rekwot, Peter Ibrahim; Kawu, Mohammed Umar

    2015-12-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of age and season on haematological parameters of donkeys at rest during the rainy and cold-dry seasons. Thirty healthy donkeys divided into three groups based on their age served as the subjects. During each season, blood sample was collected from each donkey thrice, 2 weeks apart, for haematological analysis, and the dry-bulb temperature (DBT), relative humidity (RH) and temperature-humidity index (THI) were obtained thrice each day during the experimental period using standard procedures. During the rainy season, the mean DBT (33.05 ± 0.49 °C), RH (73.63 ± 1.09 %) and THI (84.39 ± 0.71) were higher ( P donkeys were higher ( P donkeys were higher ( P < 0.05) in the rainy than in the cold-dry season. In conclusion, PCV, RBC, Hb and LYM were considerably higher in foals than yearlings or adults during the rainy season, while erythrocytic indices and platelet counts were higher in adults or yearlings than in foals in both seasons. Erythrocytic indices, PLT and N/L were higher in the rainy than the cold-dry season in adults, yearlings and foals.

  6. Scale-4 analysis of pressurized water reactor critical configurations: Volume 5, North Anna Unit 1 Cycle 5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowman, S.M.; Suto, T.

    1996-10-01

    ANSI/ANS 8.1 requires that calculational methods for away-from- reactor (AFR) criticality safety analyses be validated against experiment. This report summarizes part of the ongoing effort to benchmark AFR criticality analysis methods using selected critical configurations from commercial PWRs. Codes and data in the SCALE-4 code system were used. This volume documents the SCALE system analysis of one reactor critical configuration for North Anna Unit 1 Cycle 5. The KENO V.a criticality calculations for the North Anna 1 Cycle 5 beginning-of-cycle model yielded a value for k eff of 1. 0040±0.0005

  7. Estimación de la Demanda en Publicaci0nes Periódicas con Múltiples Puntos de Venta y Stockouts Infrecuentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Mari Eguzkita

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available En publicaciones periódicas el historial de ventas no equivale a la demanda, al estar aquéllas limitadas por el inventario disponible. Cuando el nivel promedio de stockouts es bajo y no hay posibilidad de ir actualizando los datos durante el período de ventas, la demanda es estimada mediante un procedimiento de máxima verosimilitud. En este trabajo se propone además otro método aproximado, consistente en efectuar una estimación de los ejemplares faltantes para cada período fuera de stock y para cada punto de venta. Con el fin de comparar ambos métodos se utilizan datos reales de ventas de una publicación mensual en la provincia de Bizkaia. Se comprueba que los resultados obtenidos con el método aproximado son prácticamente coincidentes con los obtenidos por el método de máxima verosimilitud requiriéndose, sin embargo, un esfuerzo de cómputo muchísimo menor.

  8. Simulated sensitivity of African terrestrial ecosystem photosynthesis to rainfall frequency, intensity, and rainy season length

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Kaiyu; Good, Stephen P.; Caylor, Kelly K.; Medvigy, David; Pan, Ming; Wood, Eric F.; Sato, Hisashi; Biasutti, Michela; Chen, Min; Ahlström, Anders; Xu, Xiangtao

    2018-02-01

    There is growing evidence of ongoing changes in the statistics of intra-seasonal rainfall variability over large parts of the world. Changes in annual total rainfall may arise from shifts, either singly or in a combination, of distinctive intra-seasonal characteristics -i.e. rainfall frequency, rainfall intensity, and rainfall seasonality. Understanding how various ecosystems respond to the changes in intra-seasonal rainfall characteristics is critical for predictions of future biome shifts and ecosystem services under climate change, especially for arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Here, we use an advanced dynamic vegetation model (SEIB-DGVM) coupled with a stochastic rainfall/weather simulator to answer the following question: how does the productivity of ecosystems respond to a given percentage change in the total seasonal rainfall that is realized by varying only one of the three rainfall characteristics (rainfall frequency, intensity, and rainy season length)? We conducted ensemble simulations for continental Africa for a realistic range of changes (-20% ~ +20%) in total rainfall amount. We find that the simulated ecosystem productivity (measured by gross primary production, GPP) shows distinctive responses to the intra-seasonal rainfall characteristics. Specifically, increase in rainfall frequency can lead to 28% more GPP increase than the same percentage increase in rainfall intensity; in tropical woodlands, GPP sensitivity to changes in rainy season length is ~4 times larger than to the same percentage changes in rainfall frequency or intensity. In contrast, shifts in the simulated biome distribution are much less sensitive to intra-seasonal rainfall characteristics than they are to total rainfall amount. Our results reveal three major distinctive productivity responses to seasonal rainfall variability—‘chronic water stress’, ‘acute water stress’ and ‘minimum water stress’ - which are respectively associated with three broad spatial patterns of

  9. Patronage in the dispute over child analysis between Melanie Klein and Anna Freud--1927-1932.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguayo, J

    2000-08-01

    The author investigates the role of patrons and advocates for Melanie Klein's clinical ideas at the British Psycho-Analytical Society against the backdrop of her theoretical and technical differences with Anna Freud from 1927 to 1932. He also outlines the development of Klein and Anna Freud's theories and techniques within the nascent discipline of child psychoanalysis. The London and Viennese patrons/advocates contributed to polarising what initially were clinical differences about how to analyse pre-latency and latency-age children and which technical processes might best facilitate successful treatment. While the author speculates that a diversity of motivations and agendas may have driven the London group's support for Klein--personal and politicised enthusiasm (Jones), genuine conviction (Riviere) and attempts at theoretical rapprochement between the London and Vienna schools (Glover)--he also argues that Freud's diagnosis with cancer in 1923 and suspicion of patricidal son-successors necessitated the choice of a female successor with unquestioning loyalty to his doctrines. From 1932, when Klein's clinical authority was established, her first group of English supporters began to splinter, as she went on to become a training analyst, mentor and patron in her own right to a succeeding generation of adherents who defended her views during the Controversial Discussions.

  10. Auxiliary feedwater system risk-based inspection guide for the North Anna nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nickolaus, J.R.; Moffitt, N.E.; Gore, B.F.; Vo, T.V.

    1992-10-01

    In a study sponsored by the US Nuclear regulatory Commission (NRC), Pacific Northwest Laboratory has developed and applied a methodology for deriving plant-specific risk-based inspection guidance for the auxiliary feedwater (AFW) system at pressurized water reactors that have not undergone probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). This methodology uses existing PRA results and plant operating experience information. Existing PRA-based inspection guidance information recently developed for the NRC for various plants was used to identify generic component failure modes. This information was then combined with plant-specific and industry-wide component information and failure data to identify failure modes and failure mechanisms for the AFW system at the selected plants. North Anna was selected as a plant for study. The product of this effort is a prioritized listing of AFW failures which have occurred at the plant and at other PWRs. This listing is intended for use by the NRC inspectors in preparation of inspection plans addressing AFW risk important components at the North Anna plant

  11. North Anna Power Station - Unit 1: Overview of steam generator replacement project activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gettler, M.W.; Bayer, R.K.; Lippard, D.W.

    1993-01-01

    The original steam generators at Virginia Electric and Power Company's (Virginia Power) North Anna Power Station (NAPS) Unit 1 have experienced corrosion-related degradation that require periodic inspection and plugging of steam generator tubes to ensure their continued safe and reliable operation. Despite improvements in secondary water chemistry, continued tube degradation in the steam generators necessitated the removal from service of approximately 20.3 percent of the tubes by plugging, (18.6, 17.3, and 25.1 for steam generators A, B, and C, respectively). Additionally, the unit power was limited to 95 % during, its last cycle of operation. Projections of industry and Virginia Power experience indicated the possibility of mid-cycle inspections and reductions in unit power. Therefore, economic considerations led to the decision to repair the steam generators (i.e., replace the steam generator lower assemblies). Three new Model 51F Steam Generator lower assembly units were ordered from Westinghouse. Virginia Power contracted Bechtel Power Corporation to provide the engineering and construction support to repair the Unit 1 steam generators. On January 4, 1993, after an extended coastdown period, North Anna Unit 1 was brought off-line and the 110 day (breaker-to-breaker) Steam Generator Replacement Project (SGRP) outage began. As of this paper, the outage is still in progress

  12. Influence of canopy form on growth, flowering, and storage potential of ,anna, apple

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zahran, A.A.

    2000-01-01

    this study was carried out during the two successive seasons of 1997 and 1998. two years old anna apple trees (budded on M.M. 106 semi - dwarfing root - stocks) planted in El Khattatbah, Monoufiah Governorate were used in this investigation. this study aimed to evaluate the influence of two different tree canopy forms (central leaders and vase) and tipping treatment on the yield and some fruit quality characteristics of anna apple fruits and the effect of irradiation on some of these characteristics during a limited period under cold storage. results revealed improved light conditions in trained trees compared to untrained controls. open vase trained trees produce less fruits which where bigger, softer, with more T.S.S. and sugar content, and less acidity, compared to central leader harvested fruits.it was also found that tipping application resulted in excessive vegetative growth and reduced fruit numbers which were bigger, softer, and contained more T.S.S., and sugars, and less acidity, compared to fruits harvested from untipped trees

  13. Restart Testing Program for piping following steam generator replacement at North Anna Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bain, R.A.; Bayer, R.K.

    1993-01-01

    In order to provide assurance that the effects of performing steam generator replacement (SGR) at North Anna unit 1 had no adverse impact on plant piping systems, a cold functional verification restart testing program was developed. This restart testing program was implemented in lieu of a hot functional testing program normally used during the initial startup of a nuclear plant. A review of North Anna plant-specific and generic U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission requirements for restart testing was performed to ensure that no mandatory hot functional testing was required. This was determined to be the case, and the development of a cold functional test program was initiated. The cold functional test had inherent advantages as compared to the hot functional testing, while still providing assurance of piping system adequacy. The advantages of the cold verification program included reducing risk to personnel from hot piping, increasing the accuracy of measurements with the improvement in work conditions, eliminating engineering activities during the heatup process, and being able to record measurements as construction work was completed allowing for rework or repair of components if required. To ensure the effectiveness of the cold verification program, a project procedure was generated to identify the personnel, equipment, and measurement requirements. An engineering calculation was issued to document the scope of the restart test program, and an additional calculation was developed to provide acceptance criteria for the critical commodity measurements

  14. Study On In Vitro Variation Generation Of Cymbidium Labell Anna Belle By Gamma Co-60 Irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nguyen Huynh Phuong Uyen; Vo Thi Thu Ha; Le Quang Luan

    2011-01-01

    Radiation ionization is one of useful methods for mutation breeding of plants. In this study, γ-ray (Co-60) was used for generating morphological variations of Cymbidium Labell Anna Belle. The lethal doses of 50% samples (LD 50 ) after 4 months cultivation were determined at 35.0 Gy for protocorm like bodies (PLBs), 37.4 Gy for in vitro shoot bubs and 70.1 Gy for plantlets. PLBs were found as suitable samples for generation of variation of mentioned Cymbidium. The dose range from 20 to 50 Gy was determined with a high ability of variation on C. Labell Anna Belle. The highest frequency of variation was obtained ca. 3.82 x 10 -3 at the dose of 30 Gy. 157 in vitro variant plantlets were selected in M 1 V 1 generation, among variations, the variations were mainly found with 5 following types: removal of chlorophyll (8 plantlets), the leaves become shorter (64 plantlets), the leaves become longer (64 plantlets), increase of leaf number (11 plantlets) and the colour of pericardium was changed from green into violet (10 plantlets). Twenty one variant lines were selected in M 1 V 2 generation. (author)

  15. Flying in the rain: hovering performance of Anna's hummingbirds under varied precipitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega-Jimenez, Victor Manuel; Dudley, Robert

    2012-10-07

    Flight in rain represents a greater challenge for smaller animals because the relative effects of water loading and drop impact are greater at reduced scales given the increased ratios of surface area to mass. Nevertheless, it is well known that small volant taxa such as hummingbirds can continue foraging even in extreme precipitation. Here, we evaluated the effect of four rain intensities (i.e. zero, light, moderate and heavy) on the hovering performance of Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna) under laboratory conditions. Light-to-moderate rain had only a marginal effect on flight kinematics; wingbeat frequency of individuals in moderate rain was reduced by 7 per cent relative to control conditions. By contrast, birds hovering in heavy rain adopted more horizontal body and tail positions, and also increased wingbeat frequency substantially, while reducing stroke amplitude when compared with control conditions. The ratio between peak forces produced by single drops on a wing and on a solid surface suggests that feathers can absorb associated impact forces by up to approximately 50 per cent. Remarkably, hummingbirds hovered well even under heavy precipitation (i.e. 270 mm h(-1)) with no apparent loss of control, although mechanical power output assuming perfect and zero storage of elastic energy was estimated to be about 9 and 57 per cent higher, respectively, compared with normal hovering.

  16. Caribbean Sea rainfall variability during the rainy season and relationship to the equatorial Pacific and tropical Atlantic SST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Renguang [Institute of Global Environment and Society, Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, Calverton, MD (United States); Kirtman, Ben P. [University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Miami, FL (United States)

    2011-10-15

    The present study investigates the Caribbean Sea rainfall variability during the early and late rainy seasons and its association with sea surface temperature (SST) and air-sea interaction based on observational estimates, the NCEP Climate Forecast System (CFS) and Global Forecast System (GFS) simulations, and the CFS retrospective forecasts. Analysis of the observational estimates indicates that air-sea interaction is important over the Caribbean Sea, whereas the atmospheric forcing of SST dominates over the Gulf of Mexico. The CFS simulation captures the basic elements of this observed air-sea relationship. The GFS simulation produces spurious SST forcing of the atmosphere over the Gulf of Mexico largely due to prescribing SST. The CFS forecasts capture the air-sea relationship in the late rainy season (August-October), but cannot reproduce the SST forcing of atmosphere over the Caribbean Sea in the early rainy season (May-July). An empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis indicates that the leading modes of percent anomalies of the rainy season precipitation have the largest loading in the southern Caribbean Sea in observations. The model simulations and forecasts skillfully reproduce the spatial pattern, but not the temporal evolution. The Caribbean Sea rainfall variability in the early rainy season is mainly due to the tropical North Atlantic (TNA) SST anomalies in observations, is contributed by both the TNA and eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP) SST anomalies in the CFS simulation, and has an overly large impact from the EEP SST anomalies in the GFS simulation and the CFS forecasts. The observed Caribbean Sea rainfall variability in the late rainy season has a leading impact from the EEP SST anomalies, with a secondary contribution from the TNA SST anomalies. In comparison, the model simulations and forecasts overestimate the impacts of the EEP SST anomalies due to an earlier development and longer duration of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation in the CFS

  17. Influencia de las herramientas de promoción de ventas en el comportamiento de los consumidores de mercados municipales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathyn Collins

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hoy en día toda organización sin importar la actividad que realicen, necesitan de herramientas que persuadan e induzcan al cliente meta a la acción de compro. Por ello la importancia de diseñar estrategias de promoción de ventas, que influyan de forma positiva en el comportamiento de compra de los mismos. Así mismo, parte de la promoción de ventas, es crear estímulos positivo de la empresa en el cliente, que logren la acción de compra del consumidor, para que en el proceso de la compra. En este trabajo se analiza a partir de una encuesta y sesiones de grupo la influencia de la promoción de ventas en el comportamiento del consumidor. Los datos del estudio muestran el alto nivel de influencia que se origina por las herramientas de promociones de ventas aplicadas, las cuales permiten crear estímulos y sensaciones de una empresa ante el cliente meta. La presente investigación se realizó mediante investigación cualitativa y cuantitativa, en ella se identificaron los hábitos y los valores de los consumidores de los estratos C+ y C- que acuden a los mercados municipales. El estudio permitió caracterizar, los consumidores e identificar las principales razones por las cuales las personas realizan la acción de compra, esta relación se ve afectada por un constante cambio que viene marcado por factores que influyen de forma directa en la transformación del consumidor y en definitiva de la sociedad.   Abstract Today regardless of all the work they do, organization tools needed to persuade and induce customer action target to buy. Hence the importance of designing sales promotion strategies that positively influences the buying behavior of the same. Also, part of sales promotion is to create positive stimuli on a client achieve action consumer purchasing, so that in the process of purchase. This paper analyzes from a survey and focus groups the influence of sales promotion on consumer behavior. The study data show the high level of

  18. Review Essay: John Pratt and Anna Eriksson (2013 'Contrasts in Punishment: An Explanation of Anglophone Excess and Nordic Exceptionalism'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Brown

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This review essay combines the comments made by David Brown, Russell Hogg and Mark Finanne at the Crime, Justice and Social Democracy: 2nd International Conference July 2013. It is followed by a rejoinder by the two authors John Pratt and Anna Eriksson.

  19. Anna Freud: the Hampstead War Nurseries and the role of the direct observation of children for psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Midgley, Nick

    2007-08-01

    The psychoanalytic tradition of direct observation of children has a long history, going back to the early 20th century, when psychoanalysis and the emerging field of 'child studies' came into fruitful contact in Freud's Vienna. As a leading figure in the attempted integration of direct observation with the new psychoanalytic knowledge emerging from the consulting room, Anna Freud played a crucial role in the emergence of this field. But her major contribution to the theory and practice of observing children came during the Second World War, when she founded the Hampstead War Nurseries. The author describes in detail this important period of Anna Freud's career, and discusses the impact it had on later work. He explores the theoretical contribution that Anna Freud made in the post-war years to the debate about the place of direct observation in psychoanalysis, and concludes that Anna Freud's 'double approach' (direct observation plus analytic reconstruction) still has a great deal to offer as a method of both psychoanalytic research and education.

  20. Education and Access to Christian Thought in the Writing of Harriet Beecher Stowe and Anna Julia Cooper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magno, JoJo

    2009-01-01

    In attempting to climb past the racist and sexist barriers which existed in nineteenth-century America, women could look to writers such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and Anna Julia Cooper. Their works not only reflect the conditions of women and African-American women in particular, but also call for access to educational opportunities for these women…

  1. Studi Komunikasi Interpersonal Antara Perawat Dengan Lansia Di Panti Lansia Santa Anna Teluk Gong Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mela Cristanty

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the interpersonal communication between the nurses with elderly who were living in a nursing home. Establishment of a nursing home is one of the government's efforts to address the issue of social welfare for the elderly. Like the other nursing homes Nursing Home “Santa Anna” also have nurses on duty to take care the elderly living at home. In order to perform their duties the nurses need to perform an effective interpersonal communication with the elderly. Interpersonal communication activities have influence in building a relationship with the elderly in order to provide guidance, supervision and encouragement to the elderly. The theory used in this research is theory of communication, interpersonal communication, social penetration theory, concept of nurses, the elderly and nursing homes. This study used descriptive qualitative method and authors conducted in-depth interviews with four informants, namely two nurses and two elderly people, also made observation and doing literature study. The results of this study reveals that the closeness of interpersonal relations between nurses and elderly in Nursing Home “Santa Anna” can be seen through five general quality that are openness, positive behavior, supportive behavior, empathy, and equality. These five factors mentioned above is run entirely by nurses in the Nursing Home “Santa Anna” in terms of communicating and forming relationships with the elderly who live in institutions. Penelitian ini membahas mengenai komunikasi antarpribadi yang dilakukan antara perawat dengan lansia yang tinggal di panti jompo. Pendirian panti jompo merupakan salah satu usaha pemerintah dalam menangani masalah kesejahteraan sosial untuk para lansia. Seperti panti-panti jompo lainnya Panti Lansia Santa Anna juga memiliki perawat-perawat yang bertugas untuk merawat, mengurus, dan mengasuh para lansia yang tinggal di panti. Untuk dapat menjalankan tugas serta perannya perawat perlu

  2. Modeling of wastewater quality in an urban area during festival and rainy days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obaid, H A; Shahid, S; Basim, K N; Chelliapan, S

    2015-01-01

    Water pollution during festival periods is a major problem in all festival cities across the world. Reliable prediction of water pollution is essential in festival cities for sewer and wastewater management in order to ensure public health and a clean environment. This article aims to model the biological oxygen demand (BOD(5)), and total suspended solids (TSS) parameters in wastewater in the sewer networks of Karbala city center during festival and rainy days using structural equation modeling and multiple linear regression analysis methods. For this purpose, 34 years (1980-2014) of rainfall, temperature and sewer flow data during festival periods in the study area were collected, processed, and employed. The results show that the TSS concentration increases by 26-46 mg/l while BOD(5) concentration rises by 9-19 mg/l for an increase of rainfall by 1 mm during festival periods. It was also found that BOD(5) concentration rises by 4-17 mg/l for each increase of 10,000 population.

  3. Molecular Epidemiology of Cholera Outbreaks during the Rainy Season in Mandalay, Myanmar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roobthaisong, Amonrattana; Okada, Kazuhisa; Htun, Nilar; Aung, Wah Wah; Wongboot, Warawan; Kamjumphol, Watcharaporn; Han, Aye Aye; Yi, Yi; Hamada, Shigeyuki

    2017-11-01

    Cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae , remains a global threat to public health. In Myanmar, the availability of published information on the occurrence of the disease is scarce. We report here that cholera incidence in Mandalay generally exhibited a single annual peak, with an annual average of 312 patients with severe dehydration over the past 5 years (since 2011) and was closely associated with the rainy season. We analyzed cholera outbreaks, characterized 67 isolates of V. cholerae serogroup O1 in 2015 from patients from Mandalay, and compared them with 22 V. cholerae O1 isolates (12 from Mandalay and 10 from Yangon) in 2014. The isolates carried the classical cholera toxin B subunit ( ctxB ), the toxin-coregulated pilus A ( tcpA ) of Haitian type, and repeat sequence transcriptional regulator ( rstR ) of El Tor type. Two molecular typing methods, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA), differentiated the 89 isolates into seven pulsotypes and 15 MLVA profiles. Pulsotype Y15 and one MLVA profile (11, 7, 7, 16, 7) were predominantly found in the isolates from cholera outbreaks in Mandalay, 2015. Pulsotypes Y11, Y12, and Y15 with some MLVA profiles were detected in the isolates from two remote areas, Mandalay and Yangon, with temporal changes. These data suggested that cholera spread from the seaside to the inland area in Myanmar.

  4. Assessment of The Pajarales Complex Rotiferofauna during The Rainy Season, Departamento de Magdalena, Colombia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Celis, Sebastian; Mancera, Ernesto; Jenny A Leon

    2008-01-01

    In order to assess the potential effects of the Magdalena River recommunication with its former delta, we studied the abundance and composition of the rotiferofauna of the Pajarales Complex (PC) during its highest annual zooplankton abundance. We selected the Rotifera phylum, due to its high reproductive rates and the efficiency in energetic transformation process. We sampled the rotifers with a van Dorn bottle, during the second rainy season in 2006. During each sampling we registered salinity, temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen. We calculated the rotifer diversity using the Shannon-Wiener H (log10) index comparing among sampling sites and sampling dates to establish variations along the study period. The physico-chemical variables were graphically related with the diversity values calculated using 0.05 for ??and 95% for the confidence interval. We found a total of 20 morpho types belonged to Brachionidae, Lecanidae, Filiniidae, Synchaetidae, exarthriidae and Testudinellidae families, been Brachionidae and Lecanidae the most abundant. The relationships between diversity and physico-chemical variables, show salinity as the main responsible of the rotifer diversity; in conclusion, the current rotiferofauna in the PC is most abundant and diverse than 16 years ago, before the recommunication with the Magdalena River. Likewise, dissolved oxygen concentration, pH and salinity of the CP waters were different. Taking into account that salinity was the most influent factor in the rotiferofauna diversity; the river recomommunication probably favored the increment of rotiferofauna diversity in the PC

  5. A distinction between summer rainy season and summer monsoon season over the Central Highlands of Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngo-Thanh, Huong; Ngo-Duc, Thanh; Nguyen-Hong, Hanh; Baker, Peter; Phan-Van, Tan

    2018-05-01

    The daily rainfall data at 13 stations over the Central Highlands (CH) Vietnam were collected for the period 1981-2014. Two different sets of criteria using daily observed rainfall and 850 hPa daily reanalysis wind data were applied to determine the onset (retreat) dates of the summer rainy season (RS) and summer monsoon (SM) season, respectively. Over the study period, the mean RS and SM onset dates were April 20 and May 13 with standard deviations of 17.4 and 17.8 days, respectively. The mean RS and SM retreat dates were November 1 and September 30 with standard deviations of 17.9 and 10.2 days, respectively . The year-to-year variations of the onset dates and the rainfall amount within the RS and SM season were closely linked with the preceding winter and spring sea surface temperature in the central-eastern and western Pacific. It was also found that the onset dates were significantly correlated with the RS and SM rainfall amount.

  6. Claiming justice: knowing mental illness in the public art of Anna Schuleit's 'Habeas Corpus' and 'Bloom'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Susan E

    2011-05-01

    This study investigates two public art performances by artist Anna Schuleit in the early 2000s commemorating the life and history of two state hospitals ('asylums') in Massachusetts and the people who built, worked, and were patients in them. Public art is made for and sited in the public domain, outside, freely accessible, frequently collaborative, and often ephemeral. This study addresses a series of questions: What can public art 'do' for understanding mental illness? What use is a public art project for those living with (and caring for those who live with) mental illness? How can a public work of art sustain and portray meaning in an expressive way, open up a shared discursive space, and demand witness through embodiment?

  7. Burst muscle performance predicts the speed, acceleration, and turning performance of Anna's hummingbirds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segre, Paolo S; Dakin, Roslyn; Zordan, Victor B; Dickinson, Michael H; Straw, Andrew D; Altshuler, Douglas L

    2015-11-19

    Despite recent advances in the study of animal flight, the biomechanical determinants of maneuverability are poorly understood. It is thought that maneuverability may be influenced by intrinsic body mass and wing morphology, and by physiological muscle capacity, but this hypothesis has not yet been evaluated because it requires tracking a large number of free flight maneuvers from known individuals. We used an automated tracking system to record flight sequences from 20 Anna's hummingbirds flying solo and in competition in a large chamber. We found that burst muscle capacity predicted most performance metrics. Hummingbirds with higher burst capacity flew with faster velocities, accelerations, and rotations, and they used more demanding complex turns. In contrast, body mass did not predict variation in maneuvering performance, and wing morphology predicted only the use of arcing turns and high centripetal accelerations. Collectively, our results indicate that burst muscle capacity is a key predictor of maneuverability.

  8. The effects of plastic film mulching on maize growth and water use in dry and rainy years in Northeast China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jie; Li, Congfeng; Liu, Huitao; Zhou, Peilu; Tao, Zhiqiang; Wang, Pu; Meng, Qingfeng; Zhao, Ming

    2015-01-01

    Plastic film mulching (PM) has been widely used to improve maize (Zea mays L.) yields and water use efficiency (WUE) in Northeast China, but the effects of PM in a changing climate characterized by highly variable precipitation are not well understood. Six site-year field experiments were conducted in the dry and rainy years to investigate the effects of PM on maize growth, grain yield, and WUE in Northeast China. Compared to crops grown without PM treatment (control, CK), PM significantly increased the grain yield by 15-26% in the dry years, but no significant yield increase was observed in the rainy years. Yield increase in the dry years was mainly due to a large increase in dry matter accumulation pre-silking compared to the CK, which resulted from a greater dry matter accumulation rate due to the higher topsoil temperature and water content. As a result, the WUE of the crops that underwent PM (3.27 kg m(-3)) treatment was also increased by around 16% compared to the CK, although the overall evapotranspiration was similar between the two treatments. In the rainy years, due to frequent precipitation and scant sunshine, the topsoil temperature and water content in the field that received PM treatment was improved only at some stages and failed to cause higher dry matter accumulation, except at the 8th leaf stage. Consequently, the grain yield and WUE were not improved by PM in the rainy years. In addition, we found that PM caused leaf senescence at the late growth stage in both dry and rainy years. Therefore, in practice, PM should be applied cautiously, especially when in-season precipitation is taken into account.

  9. The Water Vapor Source and Transport Characteristic of Rainy Seasons in Eastern China Base on Lagrangian Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Y.; Jiang, Z.; Liu, Z.; Li, L.

    2017-12-01

    The Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory platform is employed in this studyto simulate trajectories of air parcels in the different rainy seasons in East China from 1961 to 2010,with the purpose of investigating general and specific characteristics of moisture sources and the eventual relationship withprecipitation in each rainy season.The moisture transport andsource-sink characteristics of different rainy seasons have evident differences. The results show that the frontal pre-rainy season is mainly influenced bywinter monsoon system, and the precipitation is strongly affected by water vapor from Pacific Ocean (PO) and East China (EC). Afterthe onset of South China Sea Summer Monsoon (SCSMS), the moisture from Pacific Ocean decreases and from Indian Ocean monsoon area increases. Afterwards, with the northward of the rain belt, the parcels from Southwest region (South China Sea (SCS), Indian Ocean (IO) andIndo-China Peninsula and Indian Peninsula(IP)) decrease and from North region (EC, Eurasia (EA) and PO) increase. Besides, most of the land areas are water vapor sink region and most of sea areas are water vapor source region. Before the onset of SCSMS, EC and PO are two main water vapor source areas.After the onset of SCSMS, the source from PO decreasesand Indian monsoon area becomes the main vapor source region. IP is the main water vapor sink area for all four rainy seasons.As for moisture circulation characteristics, the results of vertical structure of water vapor transport indicate that the maximum water vapor transport in west and east boundaries is located in mid-troposphere and in south and north boundaries is at low-troposphere. The spatiotemporal analysis of moisture trajectory based onmultivariate empirical orthogonal function (MVEOF) indicates that the first mode has close relationship with the precipitation in North China and PDO pattern; the second mode is closely related with the precipitation in Yangtze-Huaihe river basin and

  10. Non-destructive and destructive examination of the retired North Anna 2 Reactor Pressure Vessel Head

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahluwalia, Kawaljit; Barnes, Robert; Rao, Gutti; Cattant, Francois; Peat, Noel

    2006-09-01

    Stress corrosion cracking of Alloy 600 and nickel-based weld materials has been the single biggest challenge facing the PWR industry. A fundamental and thorough knowledge was needed to properly explain this phenomenon and develop appropriate mitigation strategies. Non Destructive Examination (NDE) of the North Anna Unit 2 Reactor Vessel Head (RVH) during the 2002 fall outage identified widespread crack indications in the Alloy 600 CRDM penetrations and associated Alloy 182 and 82 J-groove attachment welds. When the Utility decided to replace the RVH, a rare opportunity was provided to the industry to undertake in-depth studies of representative defective CRDM penetrations from a retired RVH. Accordingly, the Materials Reliability Program, undertook a two-phase program on the retired North Anna 2 Alloy 600 RVH. The first phase involved selection and removal of six penetrations from the RVH and penetration decontamination, replication and laboratory NDE. The second phase consisted of a detailed destructive examination of penetration number 54. This paper provides a summary of work undertaken during this program. Criteria for selection of penetrations for removal and procedures used in removal of the penetrations are described. Extreme care was undertaken in decontamination of the penetrations to facilitate laboratory NDE. Penetration number 54 was then subjected to destructive examination to establish a correlation between NDE findings (from both field and laboratory inspections) and actual flaws. Additional objectives of the destructive examination included mechanistic assessment of defect formation and investigation of the annulus environment and wastage characterization. Data obtained from these studies is invaluable in validating safety assessment statements by developing the correlation between field NDE and actual defects. In addition, information gathered from non-destructive and destructive examinations is used to assess accuracy of the NDE techniques

  11. Manual para la elaboración del estado de costo de producción y ventas en los sistemas convencionales de la contabilidad de costos - Referencias bibliográficas

    OpenAIRE

    Morillo Moreno, Marysela C.

    2008-01-01

    Índice General Dedicatoria Agradecimientos Lista de cuadros Lista de figuras Introducción Objetivos de la investigación, justificación de la investigación y marco metodológico Capítulo 1: El ciclo de la contabilidad de costos expresado mediante el estado de costos de producción y ventas Capítulo 2: Estado de costo de producción y ventas en un sistema d...

  12. Manual para la elaboración del estado de costo de producción y ventas en los sistemas convencionales de la contabilidad de costos - Lista de figuras

    OpenAIRE

    Morillo Moreno, Marysela C.

    2008-01-01

    Índice General Dedicatoria Agradecimientos Lista de cuadros Lista de figuras Introducción Objetivos de la investigación, justificación de la investigación y marco metodológico Capítulo 1: El ciclo de la contabilidad de costos expresado mediante el estado de costos de producción y ventas Capítulo 2: Estado de costo de producción y ventas en un sistema d...

  13. Manual para la elaboración del estado de costo de producción y ventas en los sistemas convencionales de la contabilidad de costos - Lista de cuadros

    OpenAIRE

    Morillo Moreno, Marysela C.

    2008-01-01

    Índice General Dedicatoria Agradecimientos Lista de cuadros Lista de figuras Introducción Objetivos de la investigación, justificación de la investigación y marco metodológico Capítulo 1: El ciclo de la contabilidad de costos expresado mediante el estado de costos de producción y ventas Capítulo 2: Estado de costo de producción y ventas en un sistema d...

  14. Manual para la elaboración del estado de costo de producción y ventas en los sistemas convencionales de la contabilidad de costos - Introducción

    OpenAIRE

    Morillo Moreno, Marysela C.

    2008-01-01

    Índice General Dedicatoria Agradecimientos Lista de cuadros Lista de figuras Introducción Objetivos de la investigación, justificación de la investigación y marco metodológico Capítulo 1: El ciclo de la contabilidad de costos expresado mediante el estado de costos de producción y ventas Capítulo 2: Estado de costo de producción y ventas en un sistema d...

  15. Factores de la innovación y su influencia en las ventas y el empleo. El caso de las mipymes manufactureras mexicanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herenia Gutiérrez Ponce

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es conocer la relación entre las ventas, el empleo y la innovación en la industria manufacturera mexicana, mediante el seguimiento longitudinal a las mipymes en el periodo 2007-2010, a través de una investigación empírica y la aplicación de una encuesta a una determinada muestra de mipymes manufactureras mexicanas. Nuestro objetivo fundamental es explicar si el crecimiento en las ventas y el empleo de las empresas se explica por factores de la innovación, investigación y desarrollo (I+D+i.

  16. Influencia de la combinación de marketing digital y marketing tradicional en el comportamiento de las ventas empresariales. Caso: música digital Universal Music Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Zárate, Paola Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Las ventas del formato físico de música se han reducido en Ecuador por falta de control de la piratería y elevados precios de venta al público, provocando la reducción de tiendas discos y el fortalecimiento de la ilegalidad. El lanzamiento de tiendas digitales legales de música en el país representa una oportunidad para las compañías discográficas de impulsar el consumo de música digital, destacando iTunes como la plataforma de mayor difusión y penetración, frente a la cual ninguna compañía h...

  17. Detection of Babesia annae DNA in lung exudate samples from Red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Great Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartley, Paul M; Hamilton, Clare; Wilson, Cari; Innes, Elisabeth A; Katzer, Frank

    2016-02-12

    This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Babesia species DNA in lung exudate samples collected from red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from across Great Britain. Babesia are small piroplasmid parasites which are mainly transmitted through the bite of infected ticks of the family Ixodidae. Babesia can cause potentially fatal disease in a wide-range of mammalian species including humans, dogs and cattle, making them of significant economic importance to both the medical and veterinary fields. DNA was extracted from lung exudate samples of 316 foxes. A semi-nested PCR was used to initially screen samples, using universal Babesia-Theileria primers which target the 18S rRNA gene. A selection of positive PCR amplicons were purified and sequenced. Subsequently specific primers were designed to detect Babesia annae and used to screen all 316 DNA samples. Randomly selected positive samples were purified and sequenced (GenBank accession KT580786). Clones spanning a 1717 bp region of the 18S rRNA gene were generated from 2 positive samples, the resultant consensus sequence was submitted to GenBank (KT580785). Sequence KT580785 was used in the phylogenetic analysis Babesia annae DNA was detected in the fox samples, in total 46/316 (14.6%) of samples tested positive for the presence of Babesia annae DNA. The central region of England had the highest prevalence at 36.7%, while no positive samples were found from Wales, though only 12 samples were tested from this region. Male foxes were found to have a higher prevalence of Babesia annae DNA than females in all regions of Britain. Phylogenetic and sequence analysis of the GenBank submissions (Accession numbers KT580785 and KT580786) showed 100% identity to Babesia sp.-'Spanish Dog' (AY534602, EU583387 and AF188001). This is the first time that Babesia annae DNA has been reported in red foxes in Great Britain with positive samples being found across England and Scotland indicating that this parasite is well established within the

  18. Rainy Days in the New Arctic: A Comprehensive Look at Precipitation from 8 Reanalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boisvert, L.; Webster, M.; Petty, A.; Markus, T.

    2017-12-01

    Precipitation in the Arctic plays an important role in the fresh water budget, and is the primary control of snow accumulation on sea ice. However, Arctic precipitation from reanalysis is highly uncertain due to differences in the atmospheric physics and use/approaches of data assimilation and sea ice concentrations across the different products. More specifically, yearly cumulative precipitation in some regions can vary by 100-150 mm across reanalyses. This creates problems for those modeling snow depth on sea ice, specifically for use in deriving sea ice thickness from satellite altimetry. In recent years, this new Arctic has become warmer and wetter, and evaporation from the ice-free ocean has been increasing, which leads to the question: is more precipitation falling and is more of this precipitation rain? This could pose a big problem for model and remote sensing applications and studies those modeling snow accumulation because rain events will can melt the existing snow pack, reduce surface albedo, and modify the ocean-to-atmosphere heat flux via snow densification. In this work we compare precipitation (both snow and rain) from 8 different reanalysis: MERRA, MERRA2, NCEP-R1, NCEP-R2, ERA-Interim, ERA-5, ASR and JRA-55. We examine the annual, seasonal, and regional differences and compare with buoy data to assess discrepancies between products during observed snowfall and rainfall events. Magnitudes and frequencies of these precipitation events are evaluated, as well as the "residual drizzle" between reanalyzes. Lastly, we will look at whether the frequency and magnitude of "rainy days" in the Arctic have been changing over recent decades.

  19. Evaluation of quantitative precipitation forecasts by TIGGE ensembles for south China during the presummer rainy season

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ling; Luo, Yali

    2017-08-01

    Based on The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment Interactive Grand Global Ensemble (TIGGE) data set, this study evaluates the ability of global ensemble prediction systems (EPSs) from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), U.S. National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Korean Meteorological Administration, and China Meteorological Administration (CMA) to predict presummer rainy season (April-June) precipitation in south China. Evaluation of 5 day forecasts in three seasons (2013-2015) demonstrates the higher skill of probability matching forecasts compared to simple ensemble mean forecasts and shows that the deterministic forecast is a close second. The EPSs overestimate light-to-heavy rainfall (0.1 to 30 mm/12 h) and underestimate heavier rainfall (>30 mm/12 h), with JMA being the worst. By analyzing the synoptic situations predicted by the identified more skillful (ECMWF) and less skillful (JMA and CMA) EPSs and the ensemble sensitivity for four representative cases of torrential rainfall, the transport of warm-moist air into south China by the low-level southwesterly flow, upstream of the torrential rainfall regions, is found to be a key synoptic factor that controls the quantitative precipitation forecast. The results also suggest that prediction of locally produced torrential rainfall is more challenging than prediction of more extensively distributed torrential rainfall. A slight improvement in the performance is obtained by shortening the forecast lead time from 30-36 h to 18-24 h to 6-12 h for the cases with large-scale forcing, but not for the locally produced cases.

  20. Faunal diversity during rainy season in reclaimed sodic land of Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, S K; Srivastava, S P; Tandon, Pankaj; Azad, B S

    2009-07-01

    Faunal diversity is an indicator of soil amelioration. Estimating the population size or density of an animal species in an area is fundamental to understand its status and demography and to plan for its management and conservation. Considering this, faunal diversity in reclamed sodic land was monitored during rainy season 2000-01 at different locations of district viz., Aligarh, Etah, Fatehpur, Mainpuri and Raebareli in Uttar Pradesh. The Shannon-Weiner species diversity index (H) of different fauna complex of each location was compared with zero years (1995-1996) indexes (before reclamation). Insects diversity index, in reclaimed sodic soil, varied from 3.8178 (Fatehpur: Bariyampur) to 4.623 (Fatehpur: Katoghan), which was 3.028 in zero year at Katoghan in Fatehpur 'H' index of other-arthropods ranged widely from 0.9743 (Etah: Bawali) to 2.0674 (Mainpuri: Pundari). The species diversity index of molluscs registered as high as 1.8637 at Ladhauwa site in Aligarh, which exhibited identical with Saripur site of Raebareli. 'H' index of mammal resulted with the highest (2.19) at Pundari in district Mainpuri. The avifauna and amphibian's indices were recovered maximal at Saripur site of Raebareli and Bariyampur site of Fatehpur respectively. Our result revealed that various fauna enriched with soil reclamation, which is good indicator of restoration of land, primarily due to soil-arthropods and earthworms and its eventual improvement along with succeeding rice-wheat cropping system widespread over there. It clearly shows that soil fauna strongly affects the composition of natural vegetation and we suggest that this knowledge might improve the restoration and conservation of biodiversity.

  1. Spatio-temporal changes in total annual rainfall and the annual number of rainy days

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Limjirakan, Sangchan; Limsakul, Atsamon

    2007-01-01

    Full text: Full text: Rainfall variability is a critical factor for Thailand's socioeconomic development. Thus, enhancing understanding of rainfall mechanisms and variability is of paramount importance for effective strategies in tackling the severe droughts/floods which are memorable and a recurring problem in Thailand. Through this study, we have examined the variability of total annual rainfall (R,otai) and the annual number of rainy days (Rday) in Thailand during 1951-2003, using an Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis. The primary objective is to determine the dominant spatio-temporal patterns, and to illustrate their connection with the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The results reveal that the first two EOF modes, which explain nearly half of the total variance, show a good coherence of spatio-temporal structures. A salient feature of the leading modes of R,otal and Rday in Thailand is that their temporal coefficients exhibit significant relations to the ENSO. On an interannual timescale, the leading modes tended to be greater (lower) than normal during the La Nina (El Nino) phase of the ENSO. Changes in the Walker circulation appear to be the dominant mechanism whereby the ENSO exerts its influence on rainfall variability in Thailand. For an interdecadal timescale, there is evidence of the unusual and persistent deficit in Rtar accompanied by a concomitant reduction of Ranrd over the last three decades. The recent drought-like condition has been closely associated with the shift in the ENSO towards more El Nino events since the late 1970s, and coincided with the high global mean temperature. These natural/anthropogenic-induced climatic changes have important implications for rainfall forecasting, and consequently for water resource and agricultural planning and management in Thailand

  2. Die Zitruskultur am Hofe Ferdinands I. und Anna Jagiellos. Import und Anbau von Südfrüchten in Prag 1526–1564

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dobalová, Sylva; Hausenblasová, J.

    -, č. 15 (2015), s. 9-36 ISSN 1213-5372 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Ferdinand I * Anna of Jagiello * orange fruit * renaissance gardens * trade * residence Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  3. Mida teeb Narva kutseõppekeskus teie arvates Narva linna heaks? / Burkina, Irina; Patlep, Kaarel; Kaalik, Ljubov; Dolgovskaja, Tatjana; Ibragimov, Muret; Vorobjova, Anna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Vastavad Narva Kutseõppekeskuse kutseõpetajad Irina Burkina, Tatjana Dolgovskaja ja Murat Ibragimov ning autovaldkonna juht Kaarel Patlep, projektijuht Ljubov Kaalik ja PR-spetsialist Anna Vorobjova

  4. PRONÓSTICO DE VENTAS: COMPARACIÓN DE PREDICCIÓN ENTRE REDES NEURONALES Y MÉTODO ESTADÍSTICO [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20030201008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Nojek

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 RESUMEN Actualmente es común que las empresas realicen pronósticos de ventas para poder planificar más acertadamente su producción. El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en estudiar la predicción de ventas mediante el uso de redes neuronales, comparar los resultados obtenidos con los pronósticos de un método estadístico clásico y establecer los entornos más adecuados para su uso. Palabras Clave: Pronostico de Ventas – Predicción basada en Redes Neuronales.   ABSTRACT Companies usually need sales forecast for improving production planning. This research work pursues to study sales forecast based on neural networks and to compare this results with the ones based on classical statistical methods trying to specify the adequate business environment for using them Keywords: Sales Forecast – Forecasting based on Neural Networks

  5. La capacitación de ventas basada en inventarios críticos como determinante del apalancamiento operativo en farmacia comunitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Alonso Rojas

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available En el presente documento se cuantifican los efectos de la capacitación de ventas basada en inventarios sobre el apalancamiento operativo de una organización de retail farmacéutico. Se seleccionaron productos y temas de capacitación basándose en inventarios críticos de clasificación ABC, ordenados por márgenes de contribución. Los efectos de la capacitación fueron medidos por la optimización de la magnitud del grado de apalancamiento operativo, y por la correlación lineal de los componentes de resultados y ventas que conforman el parámetro. El caso evidencia que la capacitación de ventas en productos críticos contribuye a optimizar el apalancamiento operativo de un retail de farmacia comunitaria en magnitud y volatilidad de sus constituyentes, lo que puede ser extrapolable a otros sectores del comercio.

  6. La motivación en equipos de ventas. Plan de motivación La motivación en equipos de ventas .Plan de motivación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Jaime Soto Jaramillo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo está basado en la investigación titulada “Los planes deincentivos a la fuerza de ventas y su impacto en los vendedores de las empresasgrandes y medianas en Colombia, 2004”, en la cual, siguiendo la metodologíaestadística, se consultaron cuatrocientos vendedores de grandes y medianasempresas colombianas con el fin de establecer los factores relevantes para el diseñode un plan de motivación. Con base en los resultados de la investigación los autoresproponen el diseño de un plan de motivación, sus objetivos, los factores a teneren cuenta, las diferentes clases de motivación y la metodología para implementardicho plan.This article is based on a research project carried out on big and medium companies in Colombia. The size of the sample was designed following the statistics methodology. Four hundred salespeople in big and medium Colombian companies were interviewed in order to establish the relevant aspects for the design of a motivational plan. Based on the results obtained, a design of a motivational plan is proposed by the authors, along with its objectives, elements to be taken into account, different types of motivation, and the appropriate methodology to implement such a plan.

  7. Evaluation of Proctophyllodes huitzilopochtlii on feathers from Anna's (Calypte anna) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri) Hummingbirds: Prevalence assessment and imaging analysis using light and tabletop scanning electron microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamasaki, Youki K; Graves, Emily E; Houston, Robin S; OConnor, Barry M; Kysar, Patricia E; Straub, Mary H; Foley, Janet E; Tell, Lisa A

    2018-01-01

    Proctophyllodes huitzilopochtlii Atyeo & Braasch 1966 (Acariformes: Astigmata: Proctophyllodidae), a feather mite, was found on feathers collected from five hummingbird species in California. This mite has not been previously documented on feathers from Anna's (Calypte anna [Lesson 1829]) or Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri [Bourcier & Mulsant 1846]) Hummingbirds. A total of 753 hummingbirds were evaluated for the presence of mites by species (Allen's n = 112; Anna's n = 500; Black-chinned n = 122; Rufous n = 18; Calliope n = 1), sex (males n = 421; females n = 329; 3 unidentified), and age (juvenile n = 199; after-hatch-year n = 549; 5 unidentified). Of these 753 hummingbirds evaluated, mites were present on the rectrices of 40.9% of the birds. Significantly more Anna's Hummingbirds were positive for rectricial mites (59.2%) compared with 8.2% of Black-chinned, 0.9% of Allen's, 5.6% of Rufous Hummingbirds, and 0% for Calliope (p-value hummingbird species, male hummingbirds (44.9%) had a higher prevalence of rectricial mites compared to female hummingbirds (36.2%; p-value = 0.004), while juvenile hummingbirds (46.2%) had a non-significantly higher prevalence compared to after-hatch-year hummingbirds (39.0%; p-value = 0.089). On average, the percentage of the long axis of the rachis occupied by mites for the outer rectrices (R4 and R5) was 19%, compared to 11% for inner rectrices (R1 and R2), a significant difference (p-value = hummingbird-feather mite relationship is not well understood, but the specialized TSEM technique may be especially useful in examining natural positioning and developmental aspects of the mites since it allows in situ feather examination of live mites.

  8. The rainy season increases the abundance and richness of the aquatic insect community in a Neotropical reservoir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HS Santana

    Full Text Available Alterations in aquatic systems and changes in water levels, whether due to rains or dam-mediated control can cause changes in community structure, forcing the community to readjust to the new environment. This study tested the hypothesis that there is an increase in the richness and abundance of aquatic insects during the rainy season in the Serra da Mesa Reservoir, with the premise that increasing the reservoir level provides greater external material input and habitat diversity, and, therefore, conditions that promote colonization by more species. We used the paired t test to test the differences in richness, beta diversity, and abundance, and a Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS was performed to identify patterns in the community under study. Additionally, Pearson correlations were analyzed between the richness, abundance, and beta diversity and the level of the reservoir. We collected 35,028 aquatic insect larvae (9,513 in dry period and 25,515 in the rainy season, predominantly of the Chironomidae family, followed by orders Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera, and Odonata. Among the 33 families collected, only 12 occurred in the dry season, while all occurred in the rainy season. These families are common in lentic environments, and the dominance of Chironomidae was associated with its fast colonization, their behavior of living at high densities and the great tolerance to low levels of oxygen in the environment. The hypothesis was confirmed, as the richness, beta diversity, and abundance were positively affected by the increase in water levels due to the rainy season, which most likely led to greater external material input, greater heterogeneity of habitat, and better conditions for colonization by several families.

  9. The rainy season increases the abundance and richness of the aquatic insect community in a Neotropical reservoir.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, H S; Silva, L C F; Pereira, C L; Simião-Ferreira, J; Angelini, R

    2015-01-01

    Alterations in aquatic systems and changes in water levels, whether due to rains or dam-mediated control can cause changes in community structure, forcing the community to readjust to the new environment. This study tested the hypothesis that there is an increase in the richness and abundance of aquatic insects during the rainy season in the Serra da Mesa Reservoir, with the premise that increasing the reservoir level provides greater external material input and habitat diversity, and, therefore, conditions that promote colonization by more species. We used the paired t test to test the differences in richness, beta diversity, and abundance, and a Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS) was performed to identify patterns in the community under study. Additionally, Pearson correlations were analyzed between the richness, abundance, and beta diversity and the level of the reservoir. We collected 35,028 aquatic insect larvae (9,513 in dry period and 25,515 in the rainy season), predominantly of the Chironomidae family, followed by orders Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera, and Odonata. Among the 33 families collected, only 12 occurred in the dry season, while all occurred in the rainy season. These families are common in lentic environments, and the dominance of Chironomidae was associated with its fast colonization, their behavior of living at high densities and the great tolerance to low levels of oxygen in the environment. The hypothesis was confirmed, as the richness, beta diversity, and abundance were positively affected by the increase in water levels due to the rainy season, which most likely led to greater external material input, greater heterogeneity of habitat, and better conditions for colonization by several families.

  10. The effect of rainy and dry seasons upon the application of controlled release of dimethoate formulation on soybean plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Syahrir, Ulfa T.; Rahayu, Ali; Sulistyati, M.; Sofnie M CH; Sumatra, Made

    1998-01-01

    Controlled release formulation of dimethoate (o,o-dimetil s-(metil karbonil metil) fosforoditioate) was applicated on soybean varieties Willis, G-58, G-7, and G-55. The observation was made on damage leaves pod, and residue on seed and soil. The residue of dimethoate was determined using Gas Chromatography with Flame Photometric Detector. The result on rainy season that damage leaves pod and small and soybean grain 7% more than dry season. (authors)

  11. Accounting history and the feminine gender: The case Anna Jansen, Queen of Maranhão (19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Silva Sampaio

    2017-07-01

    By analyzing the manuscripts and newspapers of the time it was concluded that Anna Jansen became the owner of one of the largest fortunes in the region after becoming the widow of her first husband, Coronel Izidoro Pereira, and through this fortune has achieved a prominent position in the Maranhão society. Her performance represents a breaking of paradigms that tend to cancel the participation of women in economic and political activities, and led to her recognition as a woman far ahead of the time in which she lived. Although it was not possible to find technical records kept by Anna Jansen throughout her life, it has been possible through primary documents to gain knowledge that she had great dexterity for the administration of her properties and assets.

  12. Comparison of Public Perception in Desert and Rainy Regions of Chile Regarding the Reuse of Treated Sewage Water

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Segura

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to compare the public perception in desert and rainy regions of Chile regarding the reuse of treated sewage water. The methodology of this study consisted of applying a survey to the communities of San Pedro de Atacama (desert region and Hualqui (rainy region to identify attitudes about the reuse of sewage water. The survey was applied directly to men and women, 18 to 90 years old, who were living in the studied communities. The results indicate that inhabitants of San Pedro de Atacama (desert region were aware of the state of their water resources, with 86% being aware that there are water shortages during some part of the year. In contrast, only 55% of residents in Hualqui (rainy region were aware of water shortages. With respect of the reuse of treated sewage water, 47% of respondents in San Pedro de Atacama understood the concept, as compared to 27% in Hualqui. There was more acceptance of using treated sewage water for non-potable purposes than as drinking water.

  13. Latin and knitting. Educational and biographical experiences in «My life» by Anna Franchi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucilla Gigli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The life and works of Anna Franchi remained undiscovered for a long time despite the writer desired to become part of history and to leave a trace both in the socialist and in the emancipa­tionist movements. In the literary production of Anna Franchi, autobiographical elements and fictions become an inseparable issue. Particularly in her biography La mia vita (My life pub­lished for the first time in 1940 the writer looked through her life searching for a deeper meaning. Franchi does not limit to describe events and characters but, through narration, she gives an interpretation of her own experience giving in the same time a meaning to it: from her childhood when she ab­sorbs and adopts the ideals of the Risorgimento and the love for art and literature to the long and extremely painful period of her marriage; from journalistic and artistic activities to the political commitment with the socialist party and the movement for women’s rights. Through her works, Franchi provides a political example of free woman Received: 27/05/2013 / Accepted: 20/06/2013 How to reference this article Gigli, L. (2014. Latino e calza. Educazione ed esperienze biografiche ne «La mia vita» di Anna Franchi. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 1(1, pp. 97-113. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2014.001.001.005

  14. RainyDay: An Online, Open-Source Tool for Physically-based Rainfall and Flood Frequency Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, D.; Yu, G.; Holman, K. D.

    2017-12-01

    Flood frequency analysis in ungaged or changing watersheds typically requires rainfall intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves combined with hydrologic models. IDF curves only depict point-scale rainfall depth, while true rainstorms exhibit complex spatial and temporal structures. Floods result from these rainfall structures interacting with watershed features such as land cover, soils, and variable antecedent conditions as well as river channel processes. Thus, IDF curves are traditionally combined with a variety of "design storm" assumptions such as area reduction factors and idealized rainfall space-time distributions to translate rainfall depths into inputs that are suitable for flood hydrologic modeling. The impacts of such assumptions are relatively poorly understood. Meanwhile, modern precipitation estimates from gridded weather radar, grid-interpolated rain gages, satellites, and numerical weather models provide more realistic depictions of rainfall space-time structure. Usage of such datasets for rainfall and flood frequency analysis, however, are hindered by relatively short record lengths. We present RainyDay, an open-source stochastic storm transposition (SST) framework for generating large numbers of realistic rainfall "scenarios." SST "lengthens" the rainfall record by temporal resampling and geospatial transposition of observed storms to extract space-time information from regional gridded rainfall data. Relatively short (10-15 year) records of bias-corrected radar rainfall data are sufficient to estimate rainfall and flood events with much longer recurrence intervals including 100-year and 500-year events. We describe the SST methodology as implemented in RainyDay and compare rainfall IDF results from RainyDay to conventional estimates from NOAA Atlas 14. Then, we demonstrate some of the flood frequency analysis properties that are possible when RainyDay is integrated with a distributed hydrologic model, including robust estimation of flood

  15. Babesia (Theileria) annae in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) from Prince Edward Island, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clancey, Noel; Horney, Barbara; Burton, Shelley; Birkenheuer, Adam; McBurney, Scott; Tefft, Karen

    2010-04-01

    A 4-6-mo-old female red fox (Vulpes vulpes) was presented to the Atlantic Veterinary College (AVC) Teaching Hospital, Prince Edward Island, Canada. On presentation, the fox was weak and had pale mucous membranes. A complete blood count and a serum biochemistry profile were performed. Blood smear examination revealed low numbers of erythrocytes containing centrally to paracentrally located, single, rarely multiple, approximately 1 x 2 microm, oval to round organisms with morphology similar to Babesia microti. Polymerase chain reaction testing and DNA sequencing of the Babesia species 18S rRNA gene were performed on DNA extracted from whole blood. Results were positive for a Babesia microti-like parasite genetically identical to Babesia (Theileria) annae. The fox was euthanized due to poor prognosis for recovery. Necropsy examination revealed multifocal to locally extensive subacute nonsuppurative meningoencephalitis, an eosinophilic broncho-pneumonia, a moderate diffuse vacuolar hepatopathy, and lesions associated with blunt trauma to the left abdominal region. This is the first reported case of a red fox in Canada infected with a piroplasm. It remains uncertain whether the presence of this hemoparasite in this fox was pathogenic or an incidental finding. The potential for competent vectors of Babesia species on Prince Edward Island, the potential for this Babesia microti-like parasite to infect other wild and domestic canids, and the significance of this parasite to the health of infected individuals are yet to be determined.

  16. Bohemia as the Homeland of the Soul in the Letters of Marina Tsvetaeva to Anna Teskova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Tria

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the letters sent by Marina Tsvetaeva to the translator and public figure Anna Teskova, who was one of the few poet’s Czech intimate friends, whom she met during her stay in Czechoslovakia (1922-1925. In the first part of the paper the Author focuses on the echoes of Prague and its culture in this specific correspondence, trying to ascertain to which extent Marina Tsvetaeva was acquainted with the cultural world she lived in: the lack of knowledge of the Czech language and the limited relationships with Prague intellectuals didn’t allow her to get a deep insight of the Czech cultural milieu. The textual analysis of the letters, though, on the basis of key concepts as “родной”, “родина”, “честь”, confirms the presence of a persistent feeling of Prague-homesickness in Tsvetaeva’s psycho- logical world, which brought her to develop an alternative model of Homeland, substitute to her native Russia and to Germany, which disappointed her after the rise of the Nazi Regime. Through this unique correspondence (including the first part of her Verses dedicated to Bohemia we gain the certainty that Tsvetaeva discovered in Prague and in the Czech lands an idealized model of a pacific, beautiful and faithful Homeland.

  17. Carl Linnaeus, Erasmus Darwin and Anna Seward: Botanical Poetry and Female Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Sam

    2014-03-01

    This article will explore the intersection between `literature' and `science' in one key area, the botanical poem with scientific notes. It reveals significant aspects of the way knowledge was gendered in the Enlightenment, which is relevant to the present-day education of girls in science. It aims to illustrate how members of the Lichfield Botanical Society (headed by Erasmus Darwin) became implicated in debates around the education of women in Linnaean botany. The Society's translations from Linnaeus inspired a new genre of women's educational writing, the botanical poem with scientific notes, which emerged at this time. It focuses in particular on a poem by Anna Seward and argues that significant problems regarding the representation of the Linnaean sexual system of botany are found in such works and that women in the culture of botany struggled to give voice to a subject which was judged improper for female education. The story of this unique poem and the surrounding controversies can teach us much about how gender impacted upon women's scientific writing in eighteenth century Britain, and how it shaped the language and terminology of botany in works for female education. In particular, it demonstrates how the sexuality of plants uncovered by Linnaeus is a paradigmatic illustration of how societal forces can simultaneously both constrict and stimulate women's involvement in science. Despite the vast changes to women's access in scientific knowledge of the present day, this `fair sexing' of botany illustrates the struggle that women have undergone to give voice to their botanical knowledge.

  18. Translating Anna Karenina - to the Question About the Pragmatics of Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Gurina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the stylistic peculiarities of the translations made by R. Pevear and L. Volokhonsky, L. and A. Maud, J. Carmichael of the novel Anna Karenina by L. Tolstoy on the basis of pragmastylistics and comparative analysis. It tries to analyze the text of the novel using the lingo-stylistic characteristics in accordance with the national bias in the way of thinking and individual creative preferences of every translator taking an attempt to introduce a foreign picture of the world to his countrymen. It underlines the impact of Tolstoy’s complicated attitude towards the customs and traditions of the Russian Orthodox church and the specific relationship of the author of the novel with God and its manifestation in the description of the heroes’ characters. In stresses how vital it may turn out to preserve the author’s ideostyle - lexis and syntax (the word order, the choice of them and the length of the sentences for the successful interpretation of the writer’s views and stance by the reader.

  19. Escritor-personagem e leitor cúmplice em Sérgio Sant'anna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Ximenes Graciano

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available As narrativas de Sérgio Sant’Anna sugerem, pela exposição recorrente dos bastidores da criação literária (aqui entendida como gesto literário, que o discurso ficcional extrapola o espaço da literatura, repercutindo as relações dos indivíduos no “mundo real”. Em sua prosa é evidente a tentativa dos narradores de aproximarem o leitor para suas perspectivas, quando a narrativa assemelha-se a um jogo em que o prêmio é a cumplicidade deste a quem ela se dirige. Com isso, estende-se uma via de mão-dupla entre vida e imaginário, de modo que uma constitui e é constituída pelo outro. Como afirma Carlos Santeiro, personagem de Um romance de geração, trata-se das “possibilidades possíveis” do texto para além do texto, uma vez que o acordo entre narrador romanesco e leitor – e que sustenta o acontecimento literário – carrega muito dos pressupostos das diversas instâncias discursivas entre indivíduos, ficcionais ou não.

  20. Movement of Sediment Associated With Lowered Reservoir Levels in the Rio La Venta Arm of the Presa Netzahualcoyotl, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, S.; de La Fuente, J.; Lisle, T. E.; Velasquez, J.; Allison, B.; Olson, B.; Quinones, R.

    2003-12-01

    A joint sedimentation study is currently underway at the Netzahualcoyotl reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, involving the Comision Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas (CONANP) of the Secretaria de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales and the USDA Forest Service. The reservoir is adjacent to the Reserva de la Biosfera, Selva El Ocote, administered by CONANP. Ongoing research is intended to provide watershed and reservoir managers with strategies to protect the resources of Rio La Venta canyon. The Rio La Venta arm of the reservoir is incised into karst terrain, with near-vertical limestone walls up to 300 meters high. The canyon is fed by two rivers, Rio La Selva and Rio Negro, and is surrounded by pristine tropical forest. The majority of the clastic sediment (predominantly sand and fine gravel) entering the reservoir originates in the headwaters of the two rivers which are underlain by weathered and dissected granitic terrain. Rapid sedimentation of the partially inundated canyon poses a threat to the aquatic ecosystem, as well as to recreational resources. Longitudinal and transverse profiles were surveyed in the inundated canyon in March of 2002 and repeated in April of 2003 when the reservoir level was 15 meters lower. The 2002 longitudinal profile shows an inflection from a slope of 0.0017 to one of 0.0075 at 7.2 km downstream of the mouth of Rio Negro. In 2003, the two slopes remained the same, but the bed lowered about 5 meters and the inflection point moved downstream about 2.3 km. We calculated that reservoir lowering in 2003 allowed the transport of 2.5 million cubic meters of sand further out into the reservoir. This volume is more than the average annual rate of filling up to the 2002 level since 1984 when sedimentation was not as advanced (De la Fuente et al., 2002), which was calculated disregarding loss of sediment to the main reservoir. Field observations at late dry season low flows in 2003 revealed active transport of sand and pebbles and formation

  1. A study on the predictability of the transition day from the dry to the rainy season over South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sang-Min; Nam, Ji-Eun; Choi, Hee-Wook; Ha, Jong-Chul; Lee, Yong Hee; Kim, Yeon-Hee; Kang, Hyun-Suk; Cho, ChunHo

    2016-08-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the prediction accuracies of THe Observing system Research and Predictability EXperiment (THORPEX) Interactive Grand Global Ensemble (TIGGE) data at six operational forecast centers using the root-mean square difference (RMSD) and Brier score (BS) from April to July 2012. And it was performed to test the precipitation predictability of ensemble prediction systems (EPS) on the onset of the summer rainy season, the day of withdrawal in spring drought over South Korea on 29 June 2012 with use of the ensemble mean precipitation, ensemble probability precipitation, 10-day lag ensemble forecasts (ensemble mean and probability precipitation), and effective drought index (EDI). The RMSD analysis of atmospheric variables (geopotential-height at 500 hPa, temperature at 850 hPa, sea-level pressure and specific humidity at 850 hPa) showed that the prediction accuracies of the EPS at the Meteorological Service of Canada (CMC) and China Meteorological Administration (CMA) were poor and those at the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) were good. Also, ECMWF and KMA showed better results than other EPSs for predicting precipitation in the BS distributions. It is also evaluated that the onset of the summer rainy season could be predicted using ensemble-mean precipitation from 4-day leading time at all forecast centers. In addition, the spatial distributions of predicted precipitation of the EPS at KMA and the Met Office of the United Kingdom (UKMO) were similar to those of observed precipitation; thus, the predictability showed good performance. The precipitation probability forecasts of EPS at CMA, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), and UKMO (ECMWF and KMA) at 1-day lead time produced over-forecasting (under-forecasting) in the reliability diagram. And all the ones at 2˜4-day lead time showed under-forecasting. Also, the precipitation on onset day of

  2. Fluorescent bioaerosol particle, molecular tracer, and fungal spore concentrations during dry and rainy periods in a semi-arid forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Gosselin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Bioaerosols pose risks to human health and agriculture and may influence the evolution of mixed-phase clouds and the hydrological cycle on local and regional scales. The availability and reliability of methods and data on the abundance and properties of atmospheric bioaerosols, however, are rather limited. Here we analyze and compare data from different real-time ultraviolet laser/light-induced fluorescence (UV-LIF instruments with results from a culture-based spore sampler and offline molecular tracers for airborne fungal spores in a semi-arid forest in the southern Rocky Mountains of Colorado. Commercial UV-APS (ultraviolet aerodynamic particle sizer and WIBS-3 (wideband integrated bioaerosol sensor, version 3 instruments with different excitation and emission wavelengths were utilized to measure fluorescent aerosol particles (FAPs during both dry weather conditions and periods heavily influenced by rain. Seven molecular tracers of bioaerosols were quantified by analysis of total suspended particle (TSP high-volume filter samples using a high-performance anion-exchange chromatography system with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD. From the same measurement campaign, Huffman et al. (2013 previously reported dramatic increases in total and fluorescent particle concentrations during and immediately after rainfall and also showed a strong relationship between the concentrations of FAPs and ice nuclei (Huffman et al., 2013; Prenni et al., 2013. Here we investigate molecular tracers and show that during rainy periods the atmospheric concentrations of arabitol (35.2 ± 10.5 ng m−3 and mannitol (44.9 ± 13.8 ng m−3 were 3–4 times higher than during dry periods. During and after rain, the correlations between FAP and tracer mass concentrations were also significantly improved. Fungal spore number concentrations on the order of 104 m−3, accounting for 2–5 % of TSP mass during dry periods and 17–23 % during rainy

  3. Determination of the state of operating mechanical stresses acting on surface piping with problems of differential collapses in the Venta de Carpio Terminal; Determinacion del estado de esfuerzos mecanicos actuantes en tuberias superficiales con problemas de hundimientos diferenciales en la Terminal Venta de Carpio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neri B, Ernesto R; Garcia E, Nairoby [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2004-07-01

    The Venta de Carpio Terminal is located in the Northern part of the old Texcoco Lake, State of Mexico, in highly compressible soil. In it, it is received, regulated, measured and distributed natural gas, LP gas and PEMEX Refinacion products that are supplied to distribution terminals of and consumption centers located in the central area of the country, that encompasses the states of Puebla, Tlaxcala, Mexico, Hidalgo, Queretaro and a small part of the Federal District. The construction of the Venta de Carpio station dates from 1960; since then, it has presented important regional settlements, mainly due to the water extraction of the subsoil, that have imposed deformations to the piping systems connected to the surface facilities that have been piloted in the terminal. Equally, other surface piping systems and facilities present deformations by differential settlement between their supports. [Spanish] La Terminal Venta de Carpio se ubica en la parte norte del antiguo Lago de Texcoco, Estado de Mexico, en terreno altamente compresible. En ella, se recibe, regula, mide y distribuye gas natural, gas LP y productos de Pemex Refinacion que se suministran a terminales de distribucion y centros de consumo localizados en el area central del pais, que comprende los estados de Puebla, Tlaxcala, Mexico, Hidalgo, Queretaro y una pequena parte del Distrito Federal. La construccion de la estacion Venta de Carpio data de 1960; desde entonces, se han presentado asentamientos regionales importantes debidos, principalmente a la extraccion de agua del subsuelo, que han impuesto deformaciones a los sistemas de tuberias conectados con las instalaciones superficiales que han sido piloteadas en la terminal. De igual modo, otros sistemas de tuberias e instalaciones superficiales presentan deformaciones por hundimientos diferenciales entre sus apoyos.

  4. The challenge of dating Early Pleistocene fossil teeth by the combined uranium series-electron spin resonance method: the Venta Micena palaeontological site (Orce, Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duval, M.; Falgueres, Ch.; Bahain, J.J.; Shao, Q.; Grun, R.; Aubert, M.; Hellstrom, J.; Dolo, J.M.; Agusti, J.; Martinez-Navarro, B.; Palmqvist, P.; Toro-Moyano, I.

    2011-01-01

    The palaeontological site of Venta Micena (Orce, Andalusia, Spain) lies in the eastern sector of the Guadix-Baza basin, one of the best documented areas in Europe for Plio-Pleistocene bio-stratigraphy. The combination of bio-chronological and palaeo-magnetic results, combined with the radiometric data obtained for Atapuerca Sima del Elefante, indicated that the Venta Micena stratum was formed between the Jaramillo and Olduvai palaeo-magnetic events, most likely between 1.22 and 1.77 Ma. Five fossil teeth from two outcrops (sites A and B) were selected to assess the potential of combined uranium series-electron spin resonance (US-ESR) dating of Early Pleistocene sites. Although the US-ESR results of the first outcrop showed a large scatter between the three teeth, the mean age of 1.37 ± 0.24 Ma can be considered a reasonable age estimate for Venta Micena. The mean ESR age of 0.62 ± 0.03 Ma obtained for site B seems to be a severe underestimation when compared with the independent age control. This underestimation is attributed to a relative recent U-mobilization event that led to some U-leaching. The results show that any ESR age calculations of old samples are extremely sensitive to variations in the measured 230 Th/ 234 U ratios in dental tissues. Although the results demonstrate that ESR can in principle be applied to Early Pleistocene sites, they also reveal the complexity of dating such old teeth. It is necessary to continue research in several directions, such as study of the behaviour of ESR signals in old teeth and understanding recent U-mobilization processes, to improve the reliability of the combined US-ESR dating method applied to Early Pleistocene times, a period for which the number of available numerical dating techniques is very limited. (authors)

  5. Influencia de la asimetría de información de mercado en el nivel de ventas de los productores de aguaymanto distrito, Bambamarca, 2013 - 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Vásquez Montenegro, Ellard Eric

    2017-01-01

    La presente investigación desarrollada trata de determinar ¿Cuál es la Influencia de la asimetría de información de mercado en el nivel de ventas del aguaymanto (Phisalis peruviana L.) en productores? del Distrito de Bambamarca, específicamente en los caseríos de Lucmacucho, Cashapampa Bajo y Alto, Nogalpampa y Hualanga pertenecientes al Centro Poblado de Llaucan. El método que se utilizó para resolverlo es el método científico, aplicando la encuesta por tratarse de una ciencia social, con la...

  6. Programa de capacitación para la profesionalización de la fuerza de ventas en empresas comercializadoras del sector industrial del Distrito Federal.

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Colunga, Oscar Daniel

    2014-01-01

    La venta de productos industriales presenta características que requieren un estudio particular. Los factores que determinan la compra de estos productos son distintos de los que deciden al comprador productos de gran consumo. Por otra parte aquel a quien se confía la misión de compra de estos productos usualmente no es el consumidor directo. Las compras industriales están determinadas mas por el costo de utilización que por el precio de la oferta y la calidad aquí adquiere un ...

  7. La capacitación de ventas basada en inventarios críticos como determinante del apalancamiento operativo en farmacia comunitaria

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas, Fernando Alonso; Paniagua, Andrea Tatiana

    2013-01-01

    En el presente documento se cuantifican los efectos de la capacitación de ventas basada en inventariossobre el apalancamiento operativo de una organización de retail farmacéutico. Se seleccionaron productosy temas de capacitación basándose en inventarios críticos de clasificación ABC, ordenados por márgenesde contribución. Los efectos de la capacitación fueron medidos por la optimización de la magnitud delgrado de apalancamiento operativo, y por la correlación lineal de los componentes de res...

  8. Propuesta para aumentar la cobertura de ventas de generadores. "El caso de caterpillar en el mercado ecuatoriano en una importadora comercializadora"

    OpenAIRE

    Rada Yela, Francisco Andrés

    2013-01-01

    La Industria de los generadores eléctricos en Ecuador representa más de veinte millones de dólares anuales en importaciones; y Caterpillar es el líder del mercado, con más del 50% de participación. Sin embargo, existe una oportunidad de negocio, en el segmento de los instaladores eléctricos, que podría incrementar la cobertura de ventas a nivel nacional y posicionar aún más la marca. La propuesta es implementar un Programa de Capacitación enfocado a captar a los Instaladores Eléctricos ...

  9. Desarrollo e implementación de una herramienta de inteligencia de negocios para el área de ventas de una franquicia distribuidora de licores

    OpenAIRE

    Espol; Astudillo Espinoza, Boris Alfonso

    2017-01-01

    Para la presente tesis tomó en cuenta a una franquicia de distribución de licores que cuenta con varios locales a nivel nacional, no cuenta con un sistema integrado que le permita a la alta gerencia tomar decisiones estratégicas oportunamente, ni tampoco con un sistema de indicadores de ventas que midan su evolución. Se empleó herramientas de software libre, tomando con base de datos fuente Access, como base de datos destino Mysql, cuya extracción de datos se efectuó con Pentaho BI y la pr...

  10. Analisis de exportación y plan estratégico de marketing para la venta de rosas preservadas BEAUTYFLOR en el mercado nacional e internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Moya Cuito, María Gabriela; Almeida Pazmiño, Andrea Carolina

    2016-01-01

    Beautyflor inició sus actividades hace aproximadamente 4 años, con la distribución y venta de rosas naturales preservadas, las mismas que tienen un tiempo de duración de 3 años. El producto se dirigirá a un segmento objetivo en el mercado nacional, el cual comprende, hombres y mujeres que se encuentran entre los 26 a 35 años de edad, quienes, al momento de adquirir rosas preservadas buscan que sus atributos: color, aroma, tamaño y calidad cumplan sus expectativas. Beautyflor, al ser innovador...

  11. Aplicación Multimedia para Visualización de Datos Estadísticos Gestión de Ventas

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega Toledo, María Cristina

    2013-01-01

    La presente tesis trata de la creación de una aplicación web desarrollada en HTML y PHP, generando un gráfico dinámico en Processing, que ofrezca la visualización de datos estadísticos para la gestión de ventas de un comercio, y brinde una solución interactiva al consultar los totales generados en un periodo de tiempo por el personal, siendo dicha data extraída de una base de datos. El sistema presenta filtros en la interfaz que aplicados a los datos, refrescan los resultados en pantalla. El...

  12. Estudio de implantación de una empresa de servicios dedicada a la venta de leche fresca en la província de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Extremo Esteban, Álvaro

    2010-01-01

    El objeto de este estudio es analizar la oportunidad de negocio de una empresa de servicios que se dedique a la venta directa de leche fresca mediante máquinas expendedoras y estudiar las posibles implantaciones de la empresa de servicios para que suministre la zona de Barcelona.Se realiza una introducción al sector lácteo, incluyendo los tipos de leche que se distribuyen en el mercado, los tipos de tratamientos térmicos más habituales y la forma de almacenamiento en las granjas. Vamos a a...

  13. Impacto social del arrendamiento de tierras para generar energía eléctrica en La Venta, Juchitán de Zaragoza, Oaxaca.

    OpenAIRE

    Racilla Manuel, Sarita

    2013-01-01

    La investigación analiza lo que es el impacto social del arrendamiento de tierras y los cambios producidos por la instalación de parques eólicos, como caso de estudio del Ejido de La Venta, Juchitán de Zaragoza, Oaxaca. La tesis se realizó con una metodología mixta;(cuantitativa-cualitativa), para analizar el fenómeno antes descrito; está comprendida en cuatro capítulos. El primer capítulo plantea la estructura general de la investigación. El segundo, aborda el marco teórico y distintas visio...

  14. Impacto de la Publicidad Televisiva en la Comercialización de Los Productos otc (de Venta Libre) de la Industria Farmacéutica Privada Ecuatoriana

    OpenAIRE

    Espol; Viscaino Caiche, Evelyn Esther; Bueno Ortega, Leonela Estefania

    2016-01-01

    El impacto de la publicidad televisiva en la comercialización de los productos otc (de venta libre) en el sector farmacéutico ecuatoriano usando la metodología de regresión lineal por mínimos cuadrados ordinario (mco). Por lo tanto el objetivo de esta prueba, es dar a conocer a todos los laboratorios con portafolios otc que conforman esta industria, la importancia de invertir en televisión para masificar el conocimiento de su marca por parte del consumidor, entender a qué laboratorios y marc...

  15. Estudio y propuesta de mejoras en un punto de venta de material deportivo. Metodología "Kaizen y 5S"

    OpenAIRE

    Cachón Vila, José Luis

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo de fin de grado se centra en el análisis del punto de venta de una multinacional deportiva dedicada al comercio minorista en el que se realiza la propuesta y guía de implantación de acciones de mejora de procesos relacionados con el almacenamiento, la gestión de stocks, la previsión de la demanda y la cultura organizativa. Cabe resaltar que se trata de un caso real que surge de la experiencia propia de trabajo en dicha tienda como encargado. La tienda objeto del trabajo está situ...

  16. Evaluation of Proctophyllodes huitzilopochtlii on feathers from Anna's (Calypte anna and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri Hummingbirds: Prevalence assessment and imaging analysis using light and tabletop scanning electron microscopy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youki K Yamasaki

    Full Text Available Proctophyllodes huitzilopochtlii Atyeo & Braasch 1966 (Acariformes: Astigmata: Proctophyllodidae, a feather mite, was found on feathers collected from five hummingbird species in California. This mite has not been previously documented on feathers from Anna's (Calypte anna [Lesson 1829] or Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri [Bourcier & Mulsant 1846] Hummingbirds. A total of 753 hummingbirds were evaluated for the presence of mites by species (Allen's n = 112; Anna's n = 500; Black-chinned n = 122; Rufous n = 18; Calliope n = 1, sex (males n = 421; females n = 329; 3 unidentified, and age (juvenile n = 199; after-hatch-year n = 549; 5 unidentified. Of these 753 hummingbirds evaluated, mites were present on the rectrices of 40.9% of the birds. Significantly more Anna's Hummingbirds were positive for rectricial mites (59.2% compared with 8.2% of Black-chinned, 0.9% of Allen's, 5.6% of Rufous Hummingbirds, and 0% for Calliope (p-value < 0.0001. Across all hummingbird species, male hummingbirds (44.9% had a higher prevalence of rectricial mites compared to female hummingbirds (36.2%; p-value = 0.004, while juvenile hummingbirds (46.2% had a non-significantly higher prevalence compared to after-hatch-year hummingbirds (39.0%; p-value = 0.089. On average, the percentage of the long axis of the rachis occupied by mites for the outer rectrices (R4 and R5 was 19%, compared to 11% for inner rectrices (R1 and R2, a significant difference (p-value = <0.0001. There was a marginal lack of significance for symmetrical distribution of tail mites with the mean left side percentage of long axis of the rachis occupied by mites being 16% and very close to the mean right side score of 18% (p-value = 0.003. The identification of the feather mite species was based on light microscopic morphometry, and mite distribution on feathers was further evaluated using tabletop scanning electron microscopy (TSEM. The hummingbird-feather mite relationship is not well understood

  17. Cadmium, copper and lead in macroalgae from the Veracruz Reef System, Gulf of Mexico: Spatial distribution and rainy season variability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Horta-Puga, Guillermo; Cházaro-Olvera, Sergio; Winfield, Ignacio; Avila-Romero, Marisol; Moreno-Ramírez, Margarita

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► Cd, Cu, and Pb were determined in macroalgae from Veracruz Reefs, Gulf of Mexico. ► Mean concentrations were lower or similar to those from other coastal areas. ► Cd and Pb levels are controlled by fluvial discharge. ► Sediment scavenging also controls environmental trace metal levels. ► Pb environmental concentrations have been decreasing in the lasts two decades. -- Abstract: This study focused on the spatial distribution of trace metals in the Veracruz Reef System in the Southern Gulf of Mexico, and its variability in the early (July) and late (September) rainy season of 2008, by analyzing the concentration of Cd, Cu and Pb in benthic macroalgae. Mean concentrations are lower (Pb 295 ± 347 ng g −1 , Cd 17.9 ± 15.0 ng g −1 ), or similar (Cu 3.4 ± 4.5 μg g −1 ) to those reported from other coastal areas. Cd and Pb concentrations are influenced by the discharge of the Jamapa River, evidencing a fluvial control on coastal trace metal levels. Also, Cd and Cu concentrations were lower in the late rainy season, when there is a high load of suspended sediments derived from fluvial discharge, which probably adsorb dissolved metals decreasing their bioavailability. Pb concentrations have been decreasing in the last two decades in the SGM, after the banning of leaded-gasoline in the late 20th century

  18. Protozoans bacterivory in a subtropical environment during a dry/cold and a rainy/warm season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina F. Hisatugo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In aquatic ecosystems, bacteria are controlled by several organisms in the food chain, such as protozoa, that use them as food source. This study aimed to quantify the ingestion and clearance rates of bacteria by ciliates and heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF in a subtropical freshwater reservoir (Monjolinho reservoir -São Carlos -Brazil during one year period, in order to verify their importance as consumers and controllers of bacteria in two seasons, a dry/cold and a rainy/warm one. For this purpose, in situ bacterivory experiments were carried out bimonthly using fluorescently labeled bacteria with 5-(4,6 diclorotriazin-2yl aminofluorescein (DTAF. Although ciliates have shown the highest individual ingestion and clearance rates, bacterivory was dominated by HNF, who showed higher population ingestion rates (mean of 9,140 bacteria h-1mL-1 when compared to ciliates (mean of 492 bacteria h-1mL-1. The greater predation impact on bacterial communities was caused mainly by the small HNF (< 5 µm population, especially in the rainy season, probably due to the abundances of these organisms, the precipitation, trophic index state and water temperature that were higher in this period. Thus, the protozoan densities together with environmental variables were extremely relevant in determining the seasonal pattern of bacterivory in Monjolinho reservoir.

  19. Plant species visited by the Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophus (Aves, Trochilidae at Chapada dos Veadeiros, during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Baruffaldi Ghiringhello

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The feeding habits of the Horned Sungem remain little known. This study aimed to identify the plant species most often visited by H. bilophus with feeding purposes (consumption of nectar during the rainy season at Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, Goiás. Observations were made during two rainy seasons (January 2006 and February 2008. The methodology consisted of walking through trails within two areas of campo sujo and two areas of campo rupestre. The record of an individual consuming the nectar of a flowering plant was considered to constitute a visit. A total of 296 visits were observed, comprising eight species of shrubs and herbs. The most often visited plant species were Bauhinia tenella (Caesalpinoideae and Vochysia pumila (Vochysiaceae in campo sujo, and Lychnophora ericoides (Asteraceae in campo rupestre. These three species were commonly found at the study sites. In both physiognomies, Heliactin bilophus consumed the nectar of few plant species. The most frequently visited species bore high numbers of flowers.

  20. Mito e realtà della letteratura ebraica al femminile in Germania: Anna Seghers e Mascha Kaléko

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Birge Gilardoni-Büch

    2014-04-01

    Both of them succeed in emigrating and surviving the destruction of the European Jews. Anna Seghers comes back in 1947 to the Soviet occupied zone and will later hold significant offices inside East Germany's cultural life. Mascha Kaléko will however come back only now and then to the German Federal Republic. Did their writing change after the Shoah? And if so, to what extent? Moreover, do the texts mirror the situation in which their authors found themselves? Aren’t they linked to a specific social condition, that of a woman? To what extent do specific female and Jewish experiences take shape in their works?

  1. Caracterización del manejo del tiempo y la carga de trabajo de los representantes de venta en empresa distribuidora de productos químicos en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Hoyos Gómez, Juan Camilo

    2008-01-01

    La presente investigación pretende determinar la carga de trabajo del departamento de ventas de una empresa dedicada a la distribución y comercialización de productos químicos y materias primas para la industria en general, establecer el perfil tiempo-actividad por cargo y compararlo con el perfil esperado por los directivos -- Para esto se realizaron encuestas a todos los representantes de ventas, quienes a su vez, ayudaron a establecer las actividades más comunes que realizan día a día -- C...

  2. La capacitación de ventas basada en inventarios críticos como determinante del apalancamiento operativo en farmacia comunitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Alonso Rojas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente documento se cuantifican los efectos de la capacitación de ventas basada en inventarios sobre el apalancamiento operativo de una organización de retail farmacéutico. Se seleccionaron productos y temas de capacitación basándose en inventarios críticos de clasificación ABC, ordenados por márgenes de contribución. Los efectos de la capacitación fueron medidos por la optimización de la magnitud del grado de apalancamiento operativo, y por la correlación lineal de los componentes de resultados y ven- tas que conforman el parámetro. El caso evidencia que la capacitación de ventas en productos críticos contribuye a optimizar el apalancamiento operativo de un retail de farmacia comunitaria en magnitud y volatilidad de sus constituyentes, lo que puede ser extrapolable a otros sectores del comercio.

  3. La actitud del vendedor ante las innovaciones tecnológicas y su influencia en su desempeño en las ventas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Barahona Vinasco

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar cómo la actitud que tienen los vendedores ante la tecnología puede representar un factor decisivo en la implementación de los procesos de automatización de la fuerza de ventas (afv. Se parte del modelo de aceptación tecnológica (tam, por su sigla en inglés, que asume que la actitud viene determinada por la utilidad percibida y por la facilidad de uso de esta, e introducimos como novedad en el modelo su relación con el desempeño. Se contrasta el modelo conceptual en una muestra de vendedores colombianos a través de un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Los resultados establecen que la percepción de la facilidad de uso de la tecnología influye positivamente en su utilidad percibida, al igual que la percepción de facilidad de uso influye positivamente en la actitud hacia su uso. Sin embargo, la utilidad percibida de la tecnología no muestra una relación directa frente a la actitud hacia su uso, y de igual forma no existe relación directa entre la actitud hacia el uso y el desempeño en ventas.

  4. Final environmental statement related to the operation of North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2: (Docket Nos. 50-338 and 50-339)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-08-01

    The proposed action is the issuance of Operating Licenses to the Virginia Electric and Power Company for the startup and operation of the North Anna Power Station, Units No. 1 and 2, located on Lake Anna in Louisa County, 40 miles east of Charlottesville, Virginia. The information in this second addendum responds to the Commission's directive that the staff address in narrative form the environmental dose commitments and health effects from fuel cycle releases, fuel cycle socioeconomic impacts, and possible cumulative impacts pending further treatment by rulemaking

  5. Dr. Anna G. Jonasdottir: Acceptance Speech for Honorary Doctorate from Faculty of Political Science, University of Iceland. Given 18th of June, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Anna G. Jónasdóttir

    2016-01-01

    On June 18th the Faculty of Political Science, University of Iceland, celebrated 100 years of women’s‘ voting rights in Iceland with a special conference, Power and democracy 100 years later. In association with the conference Dr. Anna Guðrún Jónasdóttir, Professor emerita at the University of Örebro, Sweden, was awarded an honorary doctorate at the Faculty of Political Science. Anna Guðrún was the first Icelandic woman to complete a doctorate in political science, in 1991, and also the first...

  6. ["Signs for the whole rest of the life". The house as symbol and autobiographical substrate in letters, dreams and literary texts by by Anna Freud].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spreitzer, Brigitte

    2015-01-01

    The house as object and symbol preoccupied Anna Freud from childhood onwards. This article traces these ideas in letters, autobiographical documents and literary texts. It focuses on the phantasmal construction of a dream house; on the organisation, loss and later efforts to recover Hochrotherd; on casual birthday poems dedicated to Anna, praising the country house, as well as on the purchase of a weekend cottage in Walberswick reflected in dreams related to the process of inner detachment from the dead father. A fluent interchange between reality and imagination comes into focus, high- lighting the dimension of inwardness rather than that of biographical reality.

  7. KR’PTA. Samtidspoesin och Derrida : Spår och ärrbildningar hos Johannes Heldén, Ingrid Storholmen och Anna Hallberg

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Lisa

    2006-01-01

    Lisa Schmidt, KR’PTA. Samtidspoesin och Derrida. Spår och ärrbildningar hos Johannes Hel­dén, Ingrid Storholmen och Anna Hallberg. (CR’PT. Contemporary Poetry and Derrida: Traces and Scarring in the Poetry of Johannes Heldén, Ingrid Storholmen and Anna Hallberg.) Through the analyses of three contemporary Nordic poets whose work challenges the boun­daries of literature and even the laws of grammar, I draw attention to the term linguistic materialism. I also sketch an historical line between t...

  8. “Speaking German Like Nobody’s Business”: Anna May Wong, Walter Benjamin, and the Possibilities of Asian American Cosmopolitanism

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Shirley Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    In the summer of 1928 in Berlin, the noted German Jewish philosopher Walter Benjamin (1892–1940) and Chinese American actress Anna May Wong (1905–1961) shared an unlikely encounter that set in relief European and American conceptions of modernity as well as white European intellectual and American racial minority cosmopolitanisms. On July 6, 1928, Benjamin published the results as “Gespräch mit Anne May Wong” [“Speaking with Anna May Wong: A Chinoiserie from the Old West”] on the front page o...

  9. Heurística recursiva de expansión mínima para el rediseño de territorios de venta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Gabriel Correa Medina

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available La globalización económica ha generado cambios profundos en las relaciones comerciales y disminuido el ciclo de vida de los productos y servicios. Esta situación incrementa los niveles de oferta y obliga a las empresas a establecer estrategias que les permitan asumir la aceleración del cambio, mediante la adquisición y retención de clientes en el largo plazo, a un costo aceptable. Un elemento importante en este proceso es la fuerza de ventas, constituida por un conjunto de vendedores que representan un enlace directo entre la empresa y sus clientes. Idealmente, cada vendedor debe estar asociado a un conjunto de clientes, ubicados dentro de un área geográfica bien delimitada. El rediseño de territorios de venta es una actividad estratégica para lograrlo. En este artículo se presenta y describe una heurística recursiva de expansión mínima para el rediseño de territorios de venta biobjetivo. El problema se inspira en una empresa real que distribuye sus productos en México. La administración de la empresa busca una configuración territorial compacta, que minimice la variación de las nuevas carteras de venta con respecto a las actuales y la distancia total recorrida por los vendedores. Para observar el comportamiento de la heurística, se resuelven dos instancias extremas obtenidas a partir de la configuración regional actual y la instancia integral que no ha podido ser resuelta mediante métodos exactos. Los resultados muestran que es posible obtener territorios contiguos, detectar mercados potenciales y fuerzas de ventas excesivas o insuficientes. Economic globalization has been produced heavy changes into trade, thus lifecycle for products and services has been reduced.  This is increasing supply levels and force to companies to establishing strategies for facing change acceleration by acquiring and retaining customers in long term. All this must have an acceptable cost. Sales force is an important element for do this. Sales

  10. Sero-epidemiological evaluation of changes in Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax transmission patterns over the rainy season in Cambodia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cook Jackie

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Cambodia, malaria transmission is low and most cases occur in forested areas. Sero-epidemiological techniques can be used to identify both areas of ongoing transmission and high-risk groups to be targeted by control interventions. This study utilizes repeated cross-sectional data to assess the risk of being malaria sero-positive at two consecutive time points during the rainy season and investigates who is most likely to sero-convert over the transmission season. Methods In 2005, two cross-sectional surveys, one in the middle and the other at the end of the malaria transmission season, were carried out in two ecologically distinct regions in Cambodia. Parasitological and serological data were collected in four districts. Antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum Glutamate Rich Protein (GLURP and Plasmodium vivax Merozoite Surface Protein-119 (MSP-119 were detected using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA. The force of infection was estimated using a simple catalytic model fitted using maximum likelihood methods. Risks for sero-converting during the rainy season were analysed using the Classification and Regression Tree (CART method. Results A total of 804 individuals participating in both surveys were analysed. The overall parasite prevalence was low (4.6% and 2.0% for P. falciparum and 7.9% and 6.0% for P. vivax in August and November respectively. P. falciparum force of infection was higher in the eastern region and increased between August and November, whilst P. vivax force of infection was higher in the western region and remained similar in both surveys. In the western region, malaria transmission changed very little across the season (for both species. CART analysis for P. falciparum in the east highlighted age, ethnicity, village of residence and forest work as important predictors for malaria exposure during the rainy season. Adults were more likely to increase their antibody responses to P. falciparum during the

  11. Supplementation of beef cattle grazing Brachiariabrizantha during the dry and rainy seasons: performance and carcass ultrasound prediction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geisi Loures Guerra

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of genetic group, sex and level of protein-energy supplementation on the performance and carcass traitsultrasound prediction of weaned calves Nellore and crossbred animals ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus. A completely randomized design in a factorial 2x2x2, were used, with two levels of protein-energy supplementation, two sex and two genetic groups. Fifty-six animals were used (28 Nellore and 28 crossbred ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus, equally divided between males and females, maintained on grazing Brachiariabrizanthacv. Marandu and evaluated in three experimental periods: period 1 = protein-energy supplementation in the dry season; period 2 = protein-energy supplementation during the rainy season; period 3 = only mineral supplementation. In the dry season, they were supplemented with levels of 0.5 and 1% of body weight (BW and in the rainy season with 0 and 1% BW. Dry matter intake (kg day-1, % BW, g kgBW0.75-1 was estimated. In vivo ultrasound measurements of carcass were: loin eye area (LEA, fat thickness (FT and rump fat thickness (RFT. There was influence of genetic group and protein-energy supplementation levels on average daily gain (ADG of animals in period 1 and 2 (P < 0.05. Sex affected the ADG only in period 2, and the males had 754 gday-1 and females, 582 g day-1. There was no interaction of genetic group x sex x supplementation level. At the end of the experimental period (end of period 3, it was found that male animals and crossbred animals ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus had higher ADG (716 and 748 g day-1, respectively. The values of dry matter intake (DMI were influenced by genetic group and sex, in all periods, verifying highest intake in crossbred animals ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus, with better feed conversion for crossbred animals. Regarding ultrasound measurements taken on the carcass, the influence of sex on FT and RFT, it was observed, and the males showed higher

  12. Hollandse zee- en scheepstermen in het Russisch: Anna Croiset van der Kop versus Reinder van der Meulen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadja Louwerse

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Dutch nautical terms in Russian. Anna Croiset van der Kop versus Reinder van der Meulen This article explores the controversy in the beginning of the 20th century between de Dutch slavists Anna Croiset van der Kop and Reindert van der Meulen, author of the book De Hollandsche Zee- en Scheepstermen in het Russisch (Dutch Nautical Terms in Russian. After publication, she reacted with an undeniably negative and unusually elaborate review (72 pages!, written not in Dutch, but in Russian and published in one of the most leading, scientific series in Russia. Van der Meulen has never directly reacted to this review: in 1959 he published a supplement to his earlier work from 1909: Nederlandse woorden in het Russisch (Dutch words in Russian, not mentioning Croiset van der Kops name, nor her review. Obviously he felt hurt by her merciless criticism. The article focuses on the motives underlying her strong reaction. It will be argued that her severe criticism was not really inspired by Van der Meulen’s subject, but by his failing research methods. Furthermore, it will be pointed out that this review seemed to offer her an opportunity to measure up to her Dutch colleagues and to present herself internationally as a slavist. On the basis of the now available data it is hard to say, which motives really brought Croiset van der Kop to write her review. Investigation of her archives, preserved in St- Petersburg, and until now hardly studied, may perhaps reveal her real motives.

  13. Anna-Caterina Walk: Das Andere im Tatort. Migration und Integration im Fernsehkrimi. Marburg: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Piberger

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Aus medien- und kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive widmet sich Anna-Caterina Walk in ihrer knappen Publikation der TV-Krimireihe ‚Tatort‘. Anhand von drei konkreten Folgen analysiert sie, wie das Andere in dieser Serie medial repräsentiert und konstruiert wird. Ihr Ziel ist es, die konkreten Darstellungen und deren Bedeutungen in ihrer Selbstverständlichkeit zu hinterfragen. Dabei sucht sie vor allem nach nicht-stereotypen oder destabilisierenden Bildern und fordert zugleich einen kritischeren Umgang mit Differenzkonstruktionen der Identität innerhalb der einzelnen ‚Tatort‘-Folgen. Zumal der Fokus der Autorin auf kulturellen Andersartigkeiten liegt, kommen Betrachtungen des_der geschlechtlich Anderen eine marginale Position zu und bleiben prinzipiell eher oberflächlich.In her concise publication, Anna-Caterina Walk dedicates herself to the TV crime series Tatort using a media studies and cultural studies perspective. Based on three specific episodes, she analyzes how the ‘other’ is medially represented and constructed in the series. She aims at questioning the self-evidence of specific representations and their meanings. In doing so, she searches, above all, for non-stereotypical or destabilizing images and, at the same time, demands a more critical approach to constructions of difference regarding identity within the individual Tatort episodes. Considerations of the gendered ‘other/s’ are treated only marginally and generally remain superficial, particularly since the author focuses on cultural otherness.

  14. THE FEMALE’S MASCULINITIES AGAINST SIAMESE PATRIARCHAL SYSTEMS IN ELIZABETH HAND’S ANNA AND THE KING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Sriastuti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available By not giving voice and value to women‘s opinions, responses and writings, men have therefore suppressed the female, define what it means to be feminine, and therefore devoiced, devalued, and trivialized what it means to be a woman. As femininity is mostly related to women for women are labeled as extensions of men, mirrors of men, devices for showing men off, and also devices for helping men get what they want, women‘s position is inferior to men. This study discusses the female‘s masculinities through the portrayal and life experiences of the main female characteristics, Anna Leonowens, as her protests against the Siamese patriarchal systems that abundant her life as a career woman and also the oppressed lives of Siamese women in Elizabeth Hand‘s novel Anna and the King. Feminism and Deconstructions approaches will be applied to analyze Leonowens‘ actions and reactions regarding to what Siamese patriarchal systems claim to be parts of masculine traits. Leonowens‘ nationality, cultural and educational backgrounds as well as positions play significant roles in the novel. By opposing Leonowens‘ ways of thinking to the King who represents the patriarchal system of Siam, Hand gives a new identity to women in struggling for gender equality in Siam.

  15. Meteorological context of the onset and end of the rainy season in Central Amazonia during the GoAmazon2014/5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Marengo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The onset and demise of the rainy season in Amazonia are assessed in this study using meteorological data from the GoAmazon experiment, with a focus on the 2014–2015 rainy season. In addition, global reanalyses are also used to identify changes in circulation leading to the establishment of the rainy season in the region. Our results show that the onset occurred in January 2015, 2–3 pentads later than normal, and the rainy season during the austral summer of 2015 contained several periods with consecutive dry days in both Manacapuru and Manaus, which are not common for the wet season, and resulted in below-normal precipitation. The onset of the rainy season has been strongly associated with changes in large-scale weather conditions in the region due to the effect of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO. Regional thermodynamic indices and the height of the boundary layer did not present a significant difference between the onset and demise of the wet season of 2015. This suggests that local changes, such as those in the regional thermodynamic characteristics, may not have influenced its onset. Thus, variability of the large-scale circulation was responsible for regional convection and rainfall changes in Amazonia during the austral summer of 2014–2015.

  16. Correlation between production performance and feeding behavior of steers on pasture during the rainy-dry transition period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandão, Rita K C; de Carvalho, Gleidson G P; Silva, Robério R; Dias, Daniel L S; Mendes, Fabrício B L; Lins, Túlio O J D'A; Pereira, Maria M S; Guimarães, Joanderson O; Tosto, Manuela S L; Rufino, Luana M de A; de Araujo, Maria L G M L

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between production performance and feeding behavior of steers reared on pasture during the rainy-dry transition period. Twenty-two ½ Holstein-Zebu crossbred steers at an average age of 10 months and with an average initial body weight of 234.5 ± 16.0 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with two types of supplementation and eleven replications. Pearson's linear correlation analysis was performed between behavioral variables and weight gain and feed conversion. Correlation coefficients were tested by the t test. The time expended feeding at the trough was positively correlated (P correlated (P correlated (P correlation (P < 0.05) between feed efficiency in dry matter and neutral detergent fiber and ADG. Feeding behavior characteristics have little association with the production performance of cattle on pasture receiving mineral or energy-protein supplementation.

  17. Characterization of the rainy season in Burkina Faso and it's representation by regional climate models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ibrahim, B.; Karambiri, H. [Institut International d' Ingenierie de l' Eau et de l' Environnement (2iE), Ouagadougou 01 (Burkina Faso); Polcher, J. [Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique du CNRS, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Paris Cedex 05 (France); Rockel, B. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Institute of Coastal Research/Group Regional Atmospheric Modeling, Geesthacht (Germany)

    2012-09-15

    West African monsoon is one of the most challenging climate components to model. Five regional climate models (RCMs) were run over the West African region with two lateral boundary conditions, ERA-Interim re-analysis and simulations from two general circulation models (GCMs). Two sets of daily rainfall data were generated from these boundary conditions. These simulated rainfall data are analyzed here in comparison to daily rainfall data collected over a network of ten synoptic stations in Burkina Faso from 1990 to 2004. The analyses are based on a description of the rainy season throughout a number of it's characteristics. It was found that the two sets of rainfall data produced with the two driving data present significant biases. The RCMs generally produce too frequent low rainfall values (between 0.1 and 5 mm/day) and too high extreme rainfalls (more than twice the observed values). The high frequency of low rainfall events in the RCMs induces shorter dry spells at the rainfall thresholds of 0.1-1 mm/day. Altogether, there are large disagreements between the models on the simulate season duration and the annual rainfall amounts but most striking are their differences in representing the distribution of rainfall intensity. It is remarkable that these conclusions are valid whether the RCMs are driven by re-analysis or GCMs. In none of the analyzed rainy season characteristics, a significant improvement of their representation can be found when the RCM is forced by the re-analysis, indicating that these deficiencies are intrinsic to the models. (orig.)

  18. Variability of onset and retreat of the rainy season in mainland China and associations with atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Qing; Hao, Zhenchun; Shao, Quanxi; Hao, Jie; Nyima, Tsring

    2018-02-01

    Precipitation plays an important role in both environment and human society and is a significant factor in many scientific researches such as water resources, agriculture and climate impact studies. The onset and retreat of rainy season are useful features to understand the variability of precipitation under the influence of climate change. In this study, the characteristics of onset and retreat in mainland China are investigated. The multi-scale moving t-test was applied to determine rainy season and K-means cluster analysis was used to divide China into sub-regions to better investigate rainy season features. The possible linkage of changing characteristics of onset and retreat to climate factors were also explored. Results show that: (1) the onset started from middle March in the southeast of China to early June in the northwest and rainy season ended earliest in the northwest and southeast while the central China had the latest retreat; (2) Delayed onset and advanced retreat over time were observed in many parts of China, together with overall stable or increased rainy-season precipitation, would likely lead to higher probability of flooding; (3) The onset (retreat) was associated with the increased (decreased) number of cyclones in eastern China and anticyclone near the South China Sea. Delayed onset, and advanced retreat were likely related to cold and warm sea surface temperature (SST) in the conventional El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) regions, respectively. These results suggest that predictability of rainy season can be improved through the atmospheric circulation and SST, and help water resources management and agricultural planning.

  19. Zwei Briefromane eines gewitzten böhmischen Frauenzimmers im Reprint: Maria Anna Sagers Beiträge zur frühen Frauenliteratur

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wögerbauer, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 2 (2015), s. 240-243. ISBN 978-3-8353-16-97-3. ISSN 0722-740X Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : enlightenment * prose * Sager, Maria Anna * female writer * German literature * Czech literature Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  20. Diseño de una instalación fotovoltaica para una vivienda aislada con posibilidad de compra-venta a red

    OpenAIRE

    Subiza Betelu, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto fin de carrera tiene como objetivo el diseño de una instalación fotovoltaica para una vivienda aislada con conexión a red, y la evaluación de la viabilidad tanto técnica como económica de la instalación. Esta instalación estará situada en el tejado de una vivienda aislada, que se encuentra en el término municipal de Ariz (Navarra). El proyecto tiene como finalidad la autonomía energética de dicha vivienda y la posibilidad de compra-venta a red de la energía eléctrica. Se a...

  1. Evaluation of Manual Ultrasonic Examinations Applied to Detect Flaws in Primary System Dissimilar Metal Welds at North Anna Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anderson, Michael T.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Doctor, Steven R.

    2012-01-01

    During a recent inservice inspection (ISI) of a dissimilar metal weld (DMW) in an inlet (hot leg) steam generator nozzle at North Anna Power Station Unit 1, several axially oriented flaws went undetected by the licensee's manual ultrasonic testing (UT) technique. The flaws were subsequently detected as a result of outside diameter (OD) surface machining in preparation for a full structural weld overlay. The machining operation uncovered the existence of two through-wall flaws, based on the observance of primary water leaking from the DMW. Further ultrasonic tests were then performed, and a total of five axially oriented flaws, classified as primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC), were detected in varied locations around the weld circumference.

  2. Risk management of the North Anna Power Station Service Water System Preservation Project using the IPE model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Afzali, A.; Donovan, M.D.; Sartain, M.D.; Bankley, A.V.

    1993-01-01

    This paper discusses the application of the North Anna Power Station Individual Plant Examination (IPE) models in PRA study of the Service Water System Preservation Project (SWSPP). The service water project involves repair and restoration of the Service Water System (SWS) piping and will require excavation of the buried SWS lines in addition to temporarily removing one of the two redundant SWS loops from operation. The SWSPP will be carried out with one or both units in normal operation. The objective of the PRA study was to quantify the risk impact (as measured by the change in Core Damage Frequency (ΔCDF)) of the SWSPP and to identify and evaluate countermeasures to reduce the risk impact of the project activities. The study concluded that the ΔCDF would be acceptable by undertaking preventative measures and by providing additional accident mitigating measures during performance of the SWSPP activities

  3. Produção de conhecimento na enfermagem em oncologia: contribuição da escola de enfermagem Anna Nery Producción de conocimiento en la enfermería en oncología: contribución de la escola de enfermagem anna nery (escuela de enfermería Anna Nery Production of knowledge in nursing in oncology: contribution of Anna Nery nursing school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marléa Chagas Moreira

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivos mapear as teses e dissertações produzidas no Programa de Pós-Graduação da Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery com enfoque na enfermagem em oncologia e analisar as repercussões diante dos aspectos epistemológicos destacados. Estudo exploratório, descritivo, retrospectivo e bibliográfico de 59 estudos (45 dissertações e 14 teses produzidos de 1980 a 2009. O referencial teórico-metodológico foi a Metodologia de Categorização Epistemológica para a Pesquisa na Enfermagem. Os resultados indicam que a produção analisada é mais setorizada na área da oncologia clínica, com ênfase nos aspectos Gestão Saúde/Enfermagem, Saúde da Mulher e Fundamentos do Cuidado de Enfermagem. Houve predomínio de estudos na perspectiva sociológica com abordagem qualitativa. As repercussões demonstradas nos aspectos epistemológicos destacados possibilitam afirmar que o conhecimento produzido é consistente com a complexidade e as tentativas de explicação sobre a arte de cuidar dos clientes com câncer e com esforços de definir/ampliar critérios e padrões assistenciais. Enfermagem Oncológica. Pesquisa em Enfermagem. Educação de Pós-graduação em EnfermagemEl estudio tuvo como objetivo mapear las tesis y disertaciones del Programa de Posgraduado de la Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery (Escuela de Enfermería Anna Nery con énfasis en la enfermería en oncología y analizar las repercusiones frente los aspectos epistemológicos señalados. Exploratorio, descriptivo, retrospectivo y documental de 59 estudios (45 disertaciones y 14 tesis producidos desde 1980 hasta 2009. El referencial teórico-metodológico fue la Metodología Epistemológica para la Investigación en Enfermería. Los resultados indican que la producción es la más sectorizada de la oncología clínica, con énfasis en Gestión de la Salud / Enfermería, Salud de la Mujer y Fundamentos de la Atención de Enfermería. Se detectó un predominio de los

  4. Use of mock-up training to reduce personnel exposure at the North Anna Unit 1 Steam Generator Replacement Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henry, H.G. [Virginia Power, Mineral, VA (United States); Reilly, B.P. [Bechtel Power Corp., Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1995-03-01

    The North Anna Power Station is located on the southern shore of Lake Anna in Louisa County, approximately forty miles northwest of Richmond, Virginia. The two 910 Mw nuclear units located on this site are owned by Virginia Electric and Power Company (Virginia Power) and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative and operated by Virginia Power. Fuel was loaded into Unit 1 in December 1977, and it began commercial operation in June 1978. Fuel was loaded into Unit 2 in April 1980 and began commercial operation in December 1980. Each nuclear unit includes a three-coolant-loop pressurized light water reactor nuclear steam supply system that was furnished by Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Included within each system were three Westinghouse Model 51 steam generators with alloy 600, mill-annealed tubing material. Over the years of operation of Unit 1, various corrosion-related phenomena had occurred that affected the steam generators tubing and degraded their ability to fulfill their heat transfer function. Advanced inspection and repair techniques helped extend the useful life of the steam generators, but projections based on the results of the inspections indicated that the existing steam generators tubing and degraded their ability to fullfill their heat transfer function. Advanced inspection and repair techniques helped extend the useful life of the steam generators, but projections based on the results of the inspections indicated that the existing steam generators would not last their design life and must be repaired. To this end Virginia Power determined that a steam generator replacement (SGR) program was necessary to remove the old steam generator tube bundles and lower shell sections, including the channel heads (collectively called the lower assemblies), and replace them with new lower assemblies incorporating design features that will prevent the degradation problems that the old steam generators had experienced.

  5. Depletion of Stem Water of Sclerocarya birrea Agroforestry Tree Precedes Start of Rainy Season in West African Sudanian Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceperley, Natalie; Mande, Theophile; Parlange, Marc B.

    2013-04-01

    Understanding water use by agroforestry trees in dry-land ecosystems is essential for improving water management. Agroforestry trees are valued and promoted for many of their ecologic and economic benefits but are often criticized as competing for valuable water resources. In order to understand the seasonal patterns of source water used by agroforestry trees, samples from rain, ground, and surface water were collected weekly in the subcatchment of the Singou watershed that is part of the Volta Basin. Soil and vegetation samples were collected from and under a Sclerocarya birrea agroforstry trees located in this catchment in sealed vials, extracted, and analyzed with a Picarro L2130-i CRDS to obtain both δO18 and δDH fractions. Meteorological measurements were taken with a network of wireless, autonomous stations that communicate through the GSM network (Sensorscope) and two complete eddy-covariance energy balance stations, in addition to intense monitoring of sub-canopy solar radiation, throughfall, stemflow, and soil moisture. Examination of the time series of δO18 concentrations confirm that values in soil and xylem water are coupled, both becoming enriched during the dry season and depleted during the rainy season. Xylem water δO18 levels drops to groundwater δO18 levels in early March when trees access groundwater for leafing out, however soil water does not reach this level until soil moisture increases in mid-June. The relationship between the δDH and δO18 concentrations of water extracted from soil and tree samples do not fall along the global meteoric water line. In order to explore whether this was a seasonally driven, we grouped samples into an "evaporated" group or a "meteoric" group based on the smaller residual to the respective lines. Although more soil samples were found along the m-line during the rainy season than tree samples or dry season soil samples, there was no significant difference in days since rain for any group This suggests that

  6. First study on infestation of Excorallana berbicensis (Isopoda: Corallanidae on six fishes in a reservoir in Brazilian Amazon during dry and rainy seasons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huann Carllo Gentil-Vasconcelos

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We analyzed the infestation levels of Excorallana berbicensis on Acestrorhynchus falcirostris, Ageneiosus ucayalensis, Geophagus proximus, Hemiodus unimaculatus, Psectrogasterfalcata and Serrasalmus gibbus in a reservoir in the Araguari River basin, northern Brazil, during the dry and rainy seasons. For P. falcata, the infestation levels due to E. berbicensis were greater during the rainy season. For all the species studied, the peak parasite prevalence was in the month of highest rainfall levels and there were two peaks of parasite abundance: one in the month with highest rainfall level and the other in the month of transition from the rainy season to the dry season. In these hosts, around 70% of the E. berbicensis specimens were collected during the rainy season. The body conditions of the hosts also did not suffer any seasonal influence. Despite the differences in seasonal rainfall levels, there was no fluctuation in transparency, turbidity, pH, electric conductivity, temperature and dissolved oxygen levels in the water, due to the stability of these parameters during the seasonal cycle investigated in this artificial Amazon ecosystem. This was the first report on the seasonality of infestation by E. berbicensis associated with fish.

  7. Comparison of the vertical distributions of Fukushima nuclear accident radiocesium in soil before and after the first rainy season, with physicochemical and mineralogical interpretations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsunaga, Takeshi, E-mail: matsunaga.takeshi@jaea.go.jp [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Koarashi, Jun; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Nagao, Seiya [Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa 923-1224 (Japan); Sato, Tsutomu [Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan); Nagai, Haruyasu [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)

    2013-03-01

    Effect of intense rainfall on the distribution of Fukushima-accident-derived {sup 137}Cs in soil was examined. Inventories and vertical distributions of {sup 137}Cs in soils were determined at 15 locations (including croplands, grasslands, and forests) in Fukushima city in the post-rainy season, approximately 4.5 months after the accident, and were compared with those in the pre-rainy season determined in our former study. The {sup 137}Cs inventory levels scarcely changed between points in time spanning the first rainy season after the accident. Moreover, the majority of {sup 137}Cs remained stored in the aboveground vegetation and in the upper 5 cm of soil layer at undisturbed locations in the post-rainy season. A more quantitative analysis with the characterization of the vertical profile of {sup 137}Cs using the relaxation length confirmed that the vertical profile was almost unchanged at most locations. Accordingly, it is concluded that rainfall during the rainy season had a limited effect on {sup 137}Cs distribution in the soil, indicating the very low mobility. Chemical extraction of {sup 137}Cs from selected soil samples indicated that {sup 137}Cs in the soil was barely water soluble, and even the fraction extracted with 1 M ammonium acetate was only approximately 10%. This further supports the low mobility of {sup 137}Cs in our soils. Soil mineralogical analyses, which included the identification of clay minerals, suggested that smectite and mica could lower the exchangeable fraction of {sup 137}Cs. However, no direct relationship was obtained between mineral composition and {sup 137}Cs retention in the upper soil layer. In contrast, positive correlations were observed between {sup 137}Cs extractability and soil properties such as pH, organic matter content, finer-sized particle content, and cation-exchange capacity. These results suggest that the mineralogical effect on the firm fixation of {sup 137}Cs on soil constituents may be masked by the non

  8. Validation of groundwater modelling for DDT and petroleum hydrocarbons at Border Pump Station and Rainy Hollow, northern British Columbia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dodd, M.; Bright, D.; Hartshorne, B.

    2001-01-01

    Border Station and Rainy Hollow are inactive booster pumping stations along the Haines-Fairbanks Pipeline in northern British Columbia. An emergency site cleanup was conducted in 1994 after canisters containing DDT [1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chloro phenyl)ethane] were discovered buried in a dump. A detailed site investigation showed that hydrocarbons and DDT were present in soil and groundwater. The major contaminants of concern were DDTs in surface soil, DDTs in subsurface soils and groundwater, and light hydrocarbons in subsurface soils and groundwater. Remedial action took place in the summer of 1997. The canisters, along with soils and other contaminated materials, were excavated and shipped off-site for disposal. A conceptual groundwater model was developed to predict future contaminant releases to the nearby Klehini River. A monitoring program was initiated to validate the groundwater model. From 1997 to 2000, the groundwater was sampled analyzed annually for DDT, metals and hydrocarbons. Results indicated a striking overall consistency in the concentrations of DDT and hydrocarbons in both groundwater and surface water samples, confirming the validity of the 1996 model predictions. 12 refs., 1 tab., 4 figs

  9. ANALYSIS OF THE STATISTICAL BEHAVIOUR OF DAILY MAXIMUM AND MONTHLY AVERAGE RAINFALL ALONG WITH RAINY DAYS VARIATION IN SYLHET, BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. M. J. HASAN

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Climate, one of the major controlling factors for well-being of the inhabitants in the world, has been changing in accordance with the natural forcing and manmade activities. Bangladesh, the most densely populated countries in the world is under threat due to climate change caused by excessive use or abuse of ecology and natural resources. This study checks the rainfall patterns and their associated changes in the north-eastern part of Bangladesh mainly Sylhet city through statistical analysis of daily rainfall data during the period of 1957 - 2006. It has been observed that a good correlation exists between the monthly mean and daily maximum rainfall. A linear regression analysis of the data is found to be significant for all the months. Some key statistical parameters like the mean values of Coefficient of Variability (CV, Relative Variability (RV and Percentage Inter-annual Variability (PIV have been studied and found to be at variance. Monthly, yearly and seasonal variation of rainy days also analysed to check for any significant changes.

  10. Physiological Response of Local and Saanen x Local Cross Goats during the Late Rainy Season in North-eastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Degli, P.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to compare in vivo performance and environmental adaptation of two genetic types of goats raised in north-eastern Brazil, 20 females (10 local and 10 Saanen x local were used in this experiment. During the late rainy season the goats were monitored for the following parameters: body weight, body (BT and skin temperature (ST, respiratory (RR and heart rate (HR as well as the air temperature (AT and humidity (HU in the pens in the morning (MR and afternoon (AR. From May to June the crossbred goats showed a significant gain (P< 0.05; the live weight of F1 was superior to the local goats (P< 0.05 at the end of the experiment. The physiological response during the AR was significantly superior to MR (P< 0.05 for all parameters. The local goats achieved the highest values of BT and ST during the experiment. On average, the physiological rhythms (RR and HR were higher in crossbred than local goats. In conclusion, crossbred goats showed to be less at risk to environmental stress condition in north-eastern Brazil.

  11. Evaluation of WRF Performance Driven by GISS-E2-R Global Model for the 2014 Rainy Season in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almanza, V.; Zavala, M. A.; Lei, W.; Shindell, D. T.; Molina, L. T.

    2017-12-01

    Precipitation and cloud fields as well as the spatial distribution of emissions are important during the estimation of the radiative effects of atmospheric pollutants in future climate applications. In particular, landfalling hurricanes and tropical storms greatly affect the amount and distribution of annual precipitation, and thus have a direct impact on the wet deposition of pollutants and aerosol-cloud interactions. Therefore, long-term simulations in chemistry mode driven by the outputs of a global model need to consider the influence of these phenomena on the radiative effects, particularly for countries such as Mexico that have high number of landfalling hurricanes and tropical storms. In this work the NASA earth system GISS-E2-R global model is downscaled with the WRF model over a domain encompassing Mexico. We use the North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) and Era-Interim reanalysis, along with available surface observations and data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) products to evaluate the contribution of spectral nudging, domain size and resolution in resolving the precipitation and cloud fraction fields for the rainy season in 2014. We focus on this year since 10 tropical cyclones made landfall in central Mexico. The results of the evaluation are useful to assess the performance of the model in representing the present conditions of precipitation and cloud fraction in Mexico. In addition, it provides guidelines for conducting the operational runs in chemistry mode for the future years.

  12. The variation of cloud amount and light rainy days under heavy pollution over South China during 1960-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Chuanbo; Dan, Li

    2018-01-01

    The ground observation data was used to analyze the variation of cloud amount and light precipitation over South China during 1960-2009. The total cloud cover (TCC) decreases in this period, whereas the low cloud cover (LCC) shows the obvious opposite change with increasing trends. LCP defined as low cloud cover/total cloud cover has increased, and small rainy days (pollution in the form of anthropogenic aerosols. The horizontal visibility and sunshine duration are used to depict the anthropogenic aerosol loading. When horizontal visibility declines to 20 km or sunshine duration decreases to 5 h per day, LCC increases 52% or more and LCP increases significantly. The correlation coefficients between LCC and horizontal visibility or sunshine duration are - 0.533 and - 0.927, and the values between LCP and horizontal visibility or sunshine duration are - 0.849 and - 0.641, which pass 0.001 significance level. The results indicated that aerosols likely impacted the long-term trend of cloud amount and light precipitation over South China.

  13. Rainy Day Stocks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gormsen, Niels Joachim; Greenwood, Robin

    We study the good- and bad-times performance of equity portfolios formed on characteristics. Many characteristics associated with good performance during bad times—value, profitability, small size, safety, and total volatility—also perform well during good times. Stocks with characteristics signi...

  14. Pupal productivity in rainy and dry seasons: findings from the impact survey of a randomised controlled trial of dengue prevention in Guerrero, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abel Jiménez-Alejo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The follow-up survey of a cluster-randomised controlled trial of evidence-based community mobilisation for dengue control in Nicaragua and Mexico included entomological information from the 2012 rainy and dry seasons. We used data from the Mexican arm of the trial to assess the impact of the community action on pupal production of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in both rainy and dry seasons. Methods Trained field workers inspected household water containers in 90 clusters and collected any pupae or larvae present for entomological examination. We calculated indices of pupae per person and pupae per household, and traditional entomological indices of container index, household index and Breteau index, and compared these between rainy and dry seasons and between intervention and control clusters, using a cluster t-test to test significance of differences. Results In 11,933 houses in the rainy season, we inspected 40,323 containers and found 7070 Aedes aegypti pupae. In the dry season, we inspected 43,461 containers and counted 6552 pupae. All pupae and entomological indices were lower in the intervention clusters (IC than in control clusters (CC in both the rainy season (RS and the dry season (DS: pupae per container 0.12 IC and 0.24 CC in RS, and 0.10 IC and 0.20 CC in DS; pupae per household 0.46 IC and 0.82 CC in RS, and 0.41 IC and 0.83 CC in DS; pupae per person 0.11 IC and 0.19 CC in RS, and 0.10 IC and 0.20 CC in DS; household index 16% IC and 21% CC in RS, and 12.1% IC and 17.9% CC in DS; container index 7.5% IC and 11.5% CC in RS, and 4.6% IC and 7.1% CC in DS; Breteau index 27% IC and 36% CC in RS, and 19% IC and 29% CC in DS. All differences between the intervention and control clusters were statistically significant, taking into account clustering. Conclusions The trial intervention led to significant decreases in pupal and conventional entomological indices in both rainy and dry seasons. Trial registration ISRCTN

  15. Unusual past dry and wet rainy seasons over Southern Africa and South America from a climate perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Bellprat

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Southern Africa and Southern South America have experienced recent extremes in dry and wet rainy seasons which have caused severe socio-economic damages. Selected past extreme events are here studied, to estimate how human activity has changed the risk of the occurrence of such events, by applying an event attribution approach (Stott et al., 2004comprising global climate models of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5. Our assessment shows that models' representation of mean precipitation variability over Southern South America is not adequate to make a robust attribution statement about seasonal rainfall extremes in this region. Over Southern Africa, we show that unusually dry austral summers as occurred during 2002/2003 have become more likely, whereas unusually wet austral summers like that of 1999/2000 have become less likely due to anthropogenic climate change. There is some tentative evidence that the risk of extreme high 5-day precipitation totals (as observed in 1999/2000 have increased in the region. These results are consistent with CMIP5 models projecting a general drying trend over SAF during December–January–February (DJF but also an increase in atmospheric moisture availability to feed heavy rainfall events when they do occur. Bootstrapping the confidence intervals of the fraction of attributable risk has demonstrated estimates of attributable risk are very uncertain, if the events are very rare. The study highlights some of the challenges in making an event attribution study for precipitation using seasonal precipitation and extreme 5-day precipitation totals and considering natural drivers such as ENSO in coupled ocean–atmosphere models.

  16. NUTRITIVE QUALITY OF TEN GRASSES DURING THE RAINY SEASON IN A HOT-HUMID CLIMATE AND ULTISOL SOIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Ortega-Gómez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The nutritive quality of ten grasses harvested at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks of regrowth was assessed during the rainy season (August-October 2008, in the humid tropics of Veracruz, Mexico. Grasses tested included four Brachiaria spp.: “insurgente”–B. brizantha, “signal”–B. decumbens, Chetumal–B. humidicola, “mulato I”–B. brizantha x B. ruziziensis; three Panicum maximum: Mombasa, “privilegio”, Tanzania; and three Pennisetum spp.: Taiwán, and the hybrids P. purpureum x P. glaucum “Cuban” king grass and “purple” king grass. Means for crude protein by grass group were: Pennisetum spp. (9.9 % = P. maximum (8.7 % > Brachiaria spp. (7.6 %, whereas means for in situ dry matter disappearance (ISD were: Pennisetum spp. (69.7 % > Brachiaria spp. (65.1 % > P. maximum (59.7 %. Crude protein and ISD significantly decreased by 0.42 % and 1.50 % per week. Neutral detergent fiber was not affected by model effects (mean 71.4 %. Means for acid detergent fiber (ADF by grass group were: P. maximum (47.6 % = Pennisetum spp. (44.0 % > Brachiaria spp. (42.8 %, whereas means for lignin (LIG were: P. maximum (8.5 % > Pennisetum spp. (7.6 % > Brachiaria spp. (6.7 %. The ADF and LIG significantly increased by 1.21 % and 0.19 % per week. Pennisetum spp. had the highest nutritive value at all regrowth ages.

  17. Estimating non-genetic and genetic parameters of pre-weaning growth traits in Raini Cashmere goat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barazandeh, Arsalan; Moghbeli, Sadrollah Molaei; Vatankhah, Mahmood; Mohammadabadi, Mohammadreza

    2012-04-01

    Data and pedigree information used in the present study were 3,022 records of kids obtained from the breeding station of Raini goat. The studied traits were birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), average daily gain from birth to weaning (ADG) and Kleiber ratio at weaning (KR). The model included the fixed effects of sex of kid, type of birth, age of dam, year of birth, month of birth, and age of kid (days) as covariate that had significant effects, and random effects direct additive genetic, maternal additive genetic, maternal permanent environmental effects and residual. (Co) variance components were estimated using univariate and multivariate analysis by WOMBAT software applying four animal models including and ignoring maternal effects. Likelihood ratio test used to determine the most appropriate models. Heritability (h(a)(2)) estimates for BW, WW, ADG, and KR according to suitable model were 0.12 ± 0.05, 0.08 ± 0.06, 0.10 ± 0.06, and 0.06 ± 0.05, respectively. Estimates of the proportion of maternal permanent environmental effect to phenotypic variance (c(2)) were 0.17 ± 0.03, 0.07 ± 0.03, and 0.07 ± 0.03 for BW, WW, and ADG, respectively. Genetic correlations among traits were positive and ranged from 0.53 (BW-ADG) to 1.00 (WW-ADG, WW-KR, and ADG-KR). The maternal permanent environmental correlations between BW-WW, BW-ADG, and WW-ADG were 0.54, 0.48, and 0.99, respectively. Results indicated that maternal effects, especially maternal permanent environmental effects are an important source of variation in pre-weaning growth trait and ignoring those in the model redound incorrect genetic evaluation of kids.

  18. Anna Lampérière, solidarité et citoyenneté féminine sous la Troisième République

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne R. Epstein

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article examine les idées de l’institutrice Anna Lampérière, l’une des rares femmes à avoir contribué à la discussion théorique sur l’idéologie de la solidarité pendant la Troisième République. Vue dans le contexte de son parcours personnel et de son engagement civique, la pensée d’A. Lampérière offre un aperçu inédit d’un modèle solidariste de citoyenneté féminine sans droit de vote. Au sein d’une culture d’associations florissante au début du XXe siècle, elle participe à la création et au fonctionnement d’importantes associations mixtes qui, par l’éducation civique, visent la mise en place de l’idéologie solidariste de Léon Bourgeois. Se proclamant anti-féministe, Anna Lampérière se présente néanmoins comme une défenseuse de la cause des femmes et du progrès social et, comme beaucoup de ses contemporains, elle place la réforme scolaire au cœur de son projet républicain. Après une analyse de la vision sociale d’Anna Lampérière, l’article examine les pratiques civiques et la structure mixte selon les sexes de la Société pour l’éducation sociale, une association pour la promotion du solidarisme, dont elle a été Secrétaire générale. L’idéologie solidariste et sa pratique avaient un attrait pour des femmes républicaines comme Anna Lampérière qui avaient une vocation civique mais qui n’étaient pas attirées par un modèle égalitaire de la citoyenneté.Anna Lampérière, solidarité and female citizenship in the Third Republic This article explores the ideas of educator Anna Lampérière, one of the rare women to contribute significantly to the theoretical discussion about the ideology of solidarity during the Third Republic. Viewed in tandem with her own personal history and civic activism, Lampérière’s thought provides unique insight into a possible solidarist model of female citizenship without voting rights. Operating within the flourishing associational

  19. Los problemas contables derivados de un caso de venta de esclavos Tierra Adentro en la Factoría de Buenos Aires en el contexto del Asiento de esclavos con Inglaterra: el caso Salinas (1731-1737

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Donoso Anes

    2007-12-01

    Tomando como referencia cierta documentación concreta del Archivo General de Indias (AGI de Sevilla, relacionada con la venta de una partida de esclavos de la factoría que la Compañía tenía en Buenos Aire, el objetivo fundamental del trabajo es poner de manifiesto el tratamiento contable que recibía el esclavo, así como el estricto control económico a que eran sometidas las personas encargadas de su venta por parte de la empresa. Control del que se deriva, además, una valiosísima información, no sólo para la Historia de la Contabilidad, sino también para la Historia Económica en general y del comercio de esclavos en particular.

  20. Dr. Anna G. Jonasdottir: Acceptance Speech for Honorary Doctorate from Faculty of Political Science, University of Iceland. Given 18th of June, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna G. Jónasdóttir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available On June 18th the Faculty of Political Science, University of Iceland, celebrated 100 years of women’s‘ voting rights in Iceland with a special conference, Power and democracy 100 years later. In association with the conference Dr. Anna Guðrún Jónasdóttir, Professor emerita at the University of Örebro, Sweden, was awarded an honorary doctorate at the Faculty of Political Science. Anna Guðrún was the first Icelandic woman to complete a doctorate in political science, in 1991, and also the first to embark on an advanced academic career in political science and gender studies. It is therefore highly appropriate that Anna Guðrún should be awarded the first honorary doctorate at the Faculty of Political Science, where these disciplines are located. Her research covers a broad spectrum, including political science, sociology, economic history, psychology and gender studies. She was among the first to deal in a theoretical manner with gender, power and politics, which was considered rather provocative at the start of her academic career in the early 1970s. She is a pioneer in intertwining political research and gender studies and her most important research is in the field of power and personal gender relations. Anna Guðrún moved to Sweden at an early age but has kept in touch with the Icelandic research community. Below we publish her acceptance speech on the occasion when the honorary doctorate was awarded. It reflects clearly how her ideas have developed and her intimate sense for how personal and political factors bring politics and gender studies closer at the same time as she deepens and broadens both of their subjects.

  1. Two Austro-Hungarian Women Writers, Anna Tutsek and Terka Lux, Creating New Urban Identities in Early Twentieth-Century Budapest

    OpenAIRE

    Judit Kádár

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, I examine some literary texts of two turn-of-the century Hungarian women writers, Anna Tutsek and Terka Lux who left behind their childhood environment in remote regions of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in order to move to Budapest, the capital of the eastern part of the Empire. Assuming that individuals hold multiple identities that are flexible and inevitably affected by environmental and social changes, my main focus is on the transformation of their ethnic, regional, occupa...

  2. Costos y rendimientos de producción de tres néctares de manzana (pyrusmalusl variedades Anna, Pensilvania y Winter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Alberto Pinto Medina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La agroindustria en Colombia se muestra como una alternativa para dar aprovechamiento eficiente a materias primas de origen agropecuario, especialmente aquellas que por parámetros de calidad, no salen al mercado y generan cuantiosas pérdidas a agricultores y ganaderos; esta investigación se basó principalmente en el aprovechamiento de la manzana (Pyrus malus L, se elaboró néctar con tres variedades producidas en el departamento de Boyacá, Colombia: Pensilvania, Anna y Winter y se evaluaron los rendimientos en extracción de pulpa, con pérdidas del 18,4% para Pensilvania 21,4%, para Anna y 30%en Winter. Se realizaron pruebas sensoriales para determinar el grado de aceptabilidad de los tres productos, observándose diferencias significativas en textura, y similitud en parámetros como olor, color y sabor; para dicho análisis se compararon las tres variedades con un néctar comercial. Se concluye que el costo de producción unitario para 900 ml de néctar de la variedad Pensilvania es de $4.999, Anna $5.100 y Winter $5.296 (pesos colombianos, esto se debe a mejores rendimientos en extracción de pulpa para la variedad Pensilvania, mostrando que los productos son competitivos en precio y calidad.

  3. Analisando o conteúdo da seção "Página do Estudante" dos Annaes de Enfermagem Analisando el contenido de la sección "Pagina del Estudiante" de los Annaes de Enfermagem Analysing the content of the section Students' page of the Annaes de Enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlene Nunes Morais Pereira

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A Revista Annaes Enfermagem foi um veiculo para retratar os problemas da saúde e evidenciar o exercício da profissão. A seção página do estudante foi criada para dar incentivo ao aluno, para expor suas idéias e focar pontos importantes na formação do enfermeiro da época. Este trabalho teve por objetivo analisar e descrever o conteúdo das publicações no período de 1932 a 1941. Trata-se de estudo de abordagem qualitativa pelo método histórico. Os principais elementos descritos na seção analisada estavam relacionados com os problemas de saúde, como escarlatina, tétano eclâmpsia. Conclui-se que o conteúdo do material analisado reflete que neste período existia uma preocupação com a preparação das alunas para suprir a necessidade vigente que o país atravessava.El periodico Annaes de Enfermagem ha sido el veiculo para discutir los problemas de salud y para evidenciar el professional rol. La sección "Pagina de estudiante" há sido creada para incentivar los estudiantes a exponer sus ideas y para focalisar en los puntos relevantes de formación del enfermero el aquelle tienpo . Esto estúdio objectivó describir y analisar el contenido de lo material publicado em el periodo de 1932 hasta 1941. Esto és um estudio con abordaje cualitativo usandoce el metodo historìco. Los principales elementos descriptos en la sección analisada estan relacionados a los problemas de salud colectiva como la escarlatina, tétano, eclampsia y tanbien a la ética. Se ha concluydo que el contenido del material analisado reflete que en el período analisado habia una preocupación com la preparación del studiante para atender a las necesidades de salud que el pais presentava.The journal Annaes de Enfermagem was a publishing vehicle to discuss health problems and to evidence the professional role. The section "Students Page" Was created for the motivation of students to expose their ideas and to focus in relevant points of the nurse education by

  4. Diagnosing the Atmospheric/Oceanic Phenomena Associated with the Onset, Demise and Mid-Summer Drought of the Rainy Season in Mesoamerica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groenen, D.; Bourassa, M. A.

    2017-12-01

    The rainfall in Mesoamerica (Mexico and Central America) has influences from two bodies of water, interesting topography, and complex wind patterns, which complicates weather forecasting. Knowing the approximate onset and demise of the rainy season is critical for the optimal growth and development of key crops in this region such as coffee, bananas, rice, and maize. This study compares three methods to calculate the onset/demise dates of the individual years' rainy season, using area-averaged rainfall data (7-28 °N/77-109 °W) from two datasets. After these onset/demise dates are obtained using rainfall data, the atmospheric and oceanic phenomena associated with the timing is analyzed using MERRA-2 reanalysis data. The objective is to link the large-scale phenomena to the individual years' onset/demise dates, as well as link the weather phenomena to the interannual variability of the onset/demise dates. In addition, the broad scale rainy season will be connected with regional onset/demise dates on the scale of 400km. Linking the broad scale rainfall regimes to the regional regimes will allow a more cohesive view of the dynamics related to rainfall variability in the Mesoamerican region. A smoothing method will be used to analyze the timing and intensity of the mid-summer drought (MSD), a minimum in rainfall typically occurring during July and August. The goal of this research is to link the physical and dynamical mechanisms that cause the Mesoamerican rainy season and mid-summer drought (MSD) in order to better understand the predictability of Mesoamerican rainfall and ensure the health and safety of key crops.

  5. Artificial intelligence systems for rainy areas detection and convective cells' delineation for the south shore of Mediterranean Sea during day and nighttime using MSG satellite images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tebbi, Mohsene Abdelfettah; Haddad, Boualem

    2016-09-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the potential of cloud classification by means of support vector machines using high resolution images from northern Algeria. The images were taken from the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) on board of the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite. An automatic system was developed to operate during both day and nighttime by following two steps of data processing. The first aims to detect rainy areas in cloud systems, whereas the second delineates convective cells from stratiform ones. A set of 12 spectral parameters was selected to extract information about cloud properties, which are different from day to night. The training and validation steps of this study were performed by in-situ rainfall measurement data, collected during the rainy season of years 2011 and 2012 via automatic rain gauge stations distributed in northern Algeria. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) and support vector machine (SVM) were explored, by combining spectral parameters derived from MSG images. Better performances were obtained by the SVM classifier, in terms of Critical Success Index and Probability of Detection for rainy areas detection (CSI = 0.81, POD = 91%), and also for convective/stratiform delineation (CSI = 0.55, POD = 74%).

  6. The innovation of the subspecialty of Paediatric Virology: An interview with Research Professor of Molecular Virology Anna Kramvis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mammas, Ioannis N; Spandidos, Demetrios A

    2017-10-01

    Professor Anna Kramvis, Research Professor of Molecular Virology at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, talks about direct-acting antiviral treatments against hepatitis C virus (HCV), as well as the perspective of the development of an effective vaccine against HCV. She emphasises the necessity of vaccination against hepatitis B virus (HBV), highlighting that it is very important that vaccination should be administered at birth in order to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV. Professor Kramvis states that vaccination against HBV is safe and that HBV and HCV infections are not contraindications for breastfeeding. Regarding the challenge of Paediatric Virology, she believes that it is a field that during the last years is increasing exponentially, while she concurs that Paediatric Virology subspecialty will be a popular choice for infectious diseases subspecialists. In the context of the 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which will be held in Athens on October 7th, 2017, Professor Kramvis will give her key lecture on MTCT of HBV and HCV.

  7. Dones i violència a Catalunya a finals del franquisme: La terrorista desarmada d’Anna Vilaseca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Palau

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Spain suffered under the climate of state terrorism from the dictatorship of 1939 until the 1970s, and during the period including the last years of General Franco’s life to the first years of the transition to democracy. Within this historical context and during the same period, Catalonia suffered more under state terrorism than under the violence of other armed groups. The result of this was that the literature on this subject is either minimal or was written much later. Moreover, the focus on women terrorists was also scarce. Even at present, in situations of armed conflict, women are still seen as victims or as booty – not as active participants in violence. It is the distance in time and context that marks the narrative discourse of La terrorista desarmada (The Unarmed Terrorist (2002 by Anna Vilaseca. The story is set at the end of the Franco regime and illustrates the pervading binaries defining women as submissive and peace-loving.

  8. Niveles de satisfacción de las empresas que utilizan el comercio electrónico como un canal de ventas en el estado Zulia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente García

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como propósito determinar los niveles de satisfacción de las empresas que utilizan el comercio electrónico como un canal de ventas en el Estado Zulia. La población estuvo conformada por 8 empresas con sitios de comercio electrónico en la web, ubicadas en el Estado Zulia. Como resultados se obtuvo que el crecimiento de esta nueva forma de mercadeo en las empresas zulianas es muy lento; los factores que, influyen en la selección del C.E. fueron: la competencia global, el cubrir nuevos nichos de mercado, la dispersión geográfica del mercado, los cambios tecnológicos...; las expectativas sobre el C.E. fueron mejorar la base de datos, aumentar el área de influencia geográfica, dar a conoce mejor la empresa y tener una buena aceptación; las percepciones sobre el C.E fueron: un mejoramiento en la participación de mercado, las ventajas competitivas, la logística operativa, el equilibrio entre oferta y demanda...; las empresas tuvieron un grado de satisfacción del 70% sobre una satisfacción máxima del l00%.

  9. Efectos de la regularización de las entregas de producto terminado durante el ciclo de venta en una cadena de suministros de productos de consumo masivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Rubiano Ovalle

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta el estudio, modelamiento y propuestas de solución, al problema del reconocido Síndrome del Palo de Hockey (SPH o síndrome de fin de mes. Mediante este estudio se lograron identificar sus causas y efectos en la cadena de suministro de productos de consumo masivo en un proceso continuo. Igualmente, se evaluó el impacto en la función de costos totales y se plantearon estrategias de solución al problema específico. El estudio se basa en el empleo de un modelo analítico que reproduce el problema y los costos asociados para luego medir los efectos y la magnitud de la solución. La solución apunta a la regularización (REG del flujo de las entregas en el ciclo de la venta. Los resultados del estudio, muestran una reducción de inventarios, un mejor balance entre la producción y las entregas de productos, así como una mayor eficiencia en la utilización de los recursos logísticos.

  10. Characterization techniques for nano-electronics, with emphasis to electron microscopy. The role of the European Project ANNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armigliato, A.

    2008-07-01

    , however, European laboratories with high-level expertise in materials characterization still operate in a largely independent way; this adversely affects the competitivity of European science and industry at the international level. For this reason the European Commission has started an Integrated Infrastructure Initiative (I3) in the sixth Framework Programme (now continuing in FP7) and funded a project called ANNA (2006-2010). This acronym stands for European Integrated Activity of Excellence and Networking for Nano and Micro- Electronics Analysis. The consortium includes 12 partners from 7 European countries and is coordinated by the Fondazione B.Kessler (FBK) in Trento (Italy); CNR-IMM is one of the 12 partners. Aim of ANNA is the onset of strong, long-term collaboration among the partners, so to form an integrated multi-site analytical facility, able to offer to the European community a wide variety of top-level analytical expertise and services in the field of micro- and nano-electronics. They include X-ray diffraction and scattering, SIMS, electron microscopy, medium-energy ion scattering, optical and electrical techniques. The project will be focused on three main activities: Networking (standardization of samples and methodologies, establishment of accredited reference laboratories), Transnational Access to laboratories located in the partners' premises to perform specific analytical experiments (an example is given by the two STEM methodologies discussed above) and Joint Research activity, which is targeted at the improvement and extension of the methodologies through a continuous instrumental and technical development. It is planned that the European joint analytical laboratory will continue its activity beyond the end of the project in 2010.

  11. Incidencia de la imagen corporativa en el posicionamiento de las ventas, mediante una investigación de mercado que involucre a los clientes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathyn Collins

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad las empresas necesitan crear una Imagen idónea, compuesta por elementos identificadores distintivos, que permitan la diferenciación por parte de la empresa y a la vez genera atención, aceptación y confianza al cliente. Así mismo, parte de esta Imagen, es lograr el posicionamiento positivo de la empresa en el cliente, esto consiste en ocupar un lugar en la mente y corazón del consumidor, para que en el proceso de la compra, sea este un signo distintivo que permita al final elegir el producto que oferta aquella empresa. En este trabajo se desarrolla a partir de una investigación de campo y bibliográfica que analiza profundamente encuesta y sesiones de grupo la influencia de la imagen corporativa y posicionamiento en las ventas. Los datos del estudio muestran el alto nivel de influencia que se origina por una imagen acorde a las expectativas de los clientes, las cuales permiten crear estima y relevancia de marca de una empresa ante el cliente meta.   ABSTRACT Today companies need to create an ideal image, composed of distinctive identifiers that allow differentiation by the company while generating attention, customer acceptance and trust. Also, part of this picture is to achieve positive positioning of the company in the customer, this is a place in the hearts and minds of the consumer, so that in the process of purchase, this is a distinctive sign which allows the end choose the product that this company offer. This paper analyzes from a survey and focus groups the influence of corporate image and sales positioning. The study data show the high level of influence that arises from an image according to the expectations of customers, which allow you to create estimates and significance of a company's brand to the target customer.

  12. Características del consumo de medicamentos de venta libre en una población de adultos de la ciudad de Medellín (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Inés Martínez-Domínguez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir las características del consumo de medicamentos de venta libre en una población de adultos de la ciudad de Medellín (Colombia. Materiales y métodos: En 2011 se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo trasversal. Se tomó una muestra por conveniencia de 351 personas de población general que asistieron a actividades de capacitación en una institución universitaria de Medellín. Después de aceptar el consentimiento informado verbal, los participantes respondieron una encuesta adaptada del instrumento para la realización de estudios de utilización de medicamentos de prescripción y consumo del Ministerio de la Protección Social. Resultados: La prevalencia anual de consumo de medicamentos no prescritos por un médico fue de 73 % y la mensual de 55 %. Los principales síntomas que motivaron el consumo fueron: dolor de cabeza (64.4 % y síntomas gripales (40.5 %. El consumo de medica- mentos para el tratamiento de los síntomas referidos anteriormente se hizo principalmente por automedicación (64 %. Los criterios para consumir o comprar un medicamento son: la recomendación médica (77 %, el precio, la experiencia de uso (76 % cada uno y la publicidad (22 %. Las fuentes de información sobre los medicamentos más utilizadas son el médico (73 %, la internet (44 % y el farmaceuta (43 %. Conclusión: La automedicación es una práctica frecuente en los participantes de este estudio. Los criterios importantes para el consumo o compra de un medicamento son: la experiencia personal previa, la publicidad y la promoción farmacéutica.

  13. Costos y rendimientos de producción de tres néctares de manzana (pyrusmalusl) variedades Anna, Pensilvania y Winter

    OpenAIRE

    Darío Alberto Pinto Medina; Yesenia Fernández Vargas; Efrain Martinez Quintero

    2016-01-01

    La agroindustria en Colombia se muestra como una alternativa para dar aprovechamiento eficiente a materias primas de origen agropecuario, especialmente aquellas que por parámetros de calidad, no salen al mercado y generan cuantiosas pérdidas a agricultores y ganaderos; esta investigación se basó principalmente en el aprovechamiento de la manzana (Pyrus malus L), se elaboró néctar con tres variedades producidas en el departamento de Boyacá, Colombia: Pensilvania, Anna y Winter y se evaluaron l...

  14. Factores de personalidad predictores de la disposición para la venta: Un estudio exploratorio con postulantes laborales Personality factors that predict sale readiness: An exploratory study with industrial applicants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Diego Blum

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación tuvo por objetivo detectar variables predictoras de la Disposición General para la Venta (DGV y de los Estilos Receptivo y Agresivo de Venta partiendo del análisis de las correlaciones entre variables de personalidad del vendedor y otros factores de personalidad, factores sociodemográficos y Cociente Intelectual (CI. Se tomó una muestra de 33 postulantes a vendedor con edades entre 23 y 57, 94% hombres, a los que se administró el Inventario de Personalidad para Vendedores (IPV, el Cuestionario de 16 Factores de Personalidad (16 Personality Factor, PF versión 5 y el Test de Factor General (G. Los resultados principales arrojan correlaciones significativas entre DGV e Independencia (r = .39, p = .02 y entre Estilo Receptivo de Venta y Dureza (r = -.48, p The goal of the present research was to find predictive variables for the General Sale Readiness (GSR and the Receptive and Aggressive Sale Styles by making correlational analysis among salesmen personality variables and other personality factors, sotiodemographic factors and Intelligence Quotient (IQ. A sample of 33 applicants for sales jobs aged 23 to 57 with 94% of men was taken and evaluated with the Salesmen Personality Inventory (SPI, the 16 Personality Factor 5th version Questionnaire and the General (G Factor Test. Main results show significant correlations between GSR and Independence (r = .39, p = .02 and between Receptive Sale Style and Tough-Mindedness (r = -.48, p < .01. The GSR and the Sale Styles of the SPI do not vary significantly with Age, Studies Level or IQ. These findings are applicable to the short term selection of qualified commercial personnel.

  15. Implementación y automatización de sistema de gestión, administración y proyección de indicadores de ventas

    OpenAIRE

    Zambrano Mieles, María Teresa; Mazzini Vargas, John; Chanabá Estrada, René

    2011-01-01

    Nueve de cada 10 empresas PYMES trabajan sin estrategias explícitas o tienen enormes dificultades para implementarlas. Los resultados son difíciles de cuantificar pero generalmente en estas empresas se observa que el trabajo es desordenado (a veces caótico), se pierde competitividad, se agota la colaboración del personal, se malgastan recursos que agregan poco valor al producto o servicio que lleva el cliente. La planificación es la clave del éxito del ejecutivo de ventas. Un buen plan de...

  16. Estrategias de marketing que permitan el incremento de la venta de los servicios que ofrece el Laboratorio de materiales de la PUCE al Sector de la construcción de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Montero Pardo, Juan Carlos

    2004-01-01

    La presente investigación proporciona estrategias de marketing que permitan incrementar la venta de los servicios que ofrece el Laboratorio de Materiales de la PUCE, al sector de la Construcción de Quito. El contenido del tema está distribuido en cinco capítulos: Capítulo I, Contiene antecedentes, justificación del tema, Misión, Visión, Objetivos Generales y Objetivos Específicos. Capitulo II, Describe el marco teórico del Análisis de la Industria y del sector, análisis de las nec...

  17. Proyecto de factibilidad para la creacikón de una empresa comercial dedicada a la importación y venta de ropa casual para hombres y mujeres ubicada en el sector norte de la ciudad de Quito.

    OpenAIRE

    Melo Urresta, Diana Lorena; Morillo Camacho, Alexandra Elizabeth; Rosero Navarrete, yadira EStefanía

    2012-01-01

    En el presente proyecto de grado se elaboró un Plan de Negocios, con el fin de crear una empresa que se dedique a la importación y venta de ropa casual desde Colombia, para hombres y mujeres jóvenes, ubicada en el Sector Norte de la Ciudad de Quito. Se plantea este tema con la respectiva delimitación a la que se concentrará la investigación, seguido de un breve análisis de las dificultades y problemas de la industria ecuatoriana, haciendo uso de los diferentes métodos y tipos de investigac...

  18. Adecuar una herramienta informática al sistema actual que permita optimizar el proceso final de venta para ofrecer un mejor servicio al cliente. Sito: empresa de vinos y licores cabed S.A. de C.V.

    OpenAIRE

    Bandín Rodríguez, David Alberto

    2013-01-01

    Las empresas de vinos y licores en la actualidad, generan importantes ganancias año con año, pero el mayor reto que enfrentan como muchas otras, es la tecnología y los fuertes competidores que imperan en el mercado como empresas que manejan la venta de productos y una extensa gama de servicios, estos son los centros de conveniencia, (Oxxo, Seven Eleven, etc), que hoy están por encima de muchos negocios tradicionales. Una gran mayoría de empresas de vinos y licores prefieren no ...

  19. Plan comunicacional para incrementar las ventas y participación de mercado de la empresa ALVESA, ubicada en la ciudad de Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas.

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarado Muñoz, Héctor Patricio

    2017-01-01

    Se elaboró un Plan Comunicacional para incrementar las ventas y la participación en el mercado de los productos que distribuye la empresa ALVESA, ubicada de la ciudad de Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas. Se realizó un profundo análisis sobre la situación actual de la empresa para identificar los problemas que afectan los factores antes mencionados, determinándose así que no existe un proceso comunicacional adecuado que posibilite el fortalecimiento de la...

  20. Aplicación de la Mercadotecnia de Relaciones y la Calidad del Servicio para lograr la Lealtad del Cliente en una empresa de servicio de ventas al menudeo

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Vázquez, Edith

    2003-01-01

    Las compañías actuales enfrentan la competencia más difícil de la historia, pues para tener éxito en un mercado tan competido, las empresas tienen que cambiar sus paradigmas referentes a productos y ventas a los paradigmas de clientes y mercadotecnia. Para ganar el mercado actual, las empresas deben satisfacer las necesidades de los clientes mejor que la competencia y no sólo crear productos, sino la estrategia es construir relaciones con los clientes (Kotler;1996:36). La sa...

  1. Construcción y explotación de un almacén de datos para el análisis del sistema de ventas de una distribuidora farmacéutica

    OpenAIRE

    Pereiras Magariños, Alexandre

    2013-01-01

    Construcción y explotación de un almacén de datos para el análisis del sistema de ventas de una distribuidora farmacéutica, realizado sobre la plataforma Microsoft SQL Server 2012. Construcció i explotació d'un magatzem de dades per a l'anàlisi del sistema de vendes d'una distribuïdora farmacèutica, fet sobre la plataforma Microsoft SQL Server 2012. Bachelor thesis for the Computer science program on Data warehouse.

  2. Análisis de los factores laborales que inciden en la rotación de personal en el área de ventas de Equivida en el período del 2013 al 2014.

    OpenAIRE

    Álvaro Álvarez, María Victoria

    2016-01-01

    El objetivo principal de la presente investigación consiste en identificar los factores que inciden en la rotación del área comercial de la empresa de Seguros Equivida. Se analizaron temas como el plan de compensación, liderazgo, plan de carrera y selección de personal desde la perspectiva de la administración de ventas y recursos humanos. Para este trabajo se analizaron las entrevistas de salida realizadas por la unidad de talento humano de la empresa, por lo tanto la población y muestra obj...

  3. Medición de Satisfacción y Niveles de Calidad de Servicio para la Atención al Cliente en Puntos de Venta Avícolas Retail, Arequipa 2017

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Jaén, Catherine Danitza

    2017-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo medir la satisfacción y niveles de calidad de servicio para la atención al cliente en los puntos de venta avícolas retail, dicho estudio se realizó en nueve puntos de la ciudad de Arequipa con una segmentación por edad, demográfica y geográfica, esta área fue evaluada con una profunda observación estructurada al momento de realizar la compra, a través de entrevistas a modalidad de focus group y encuesta cerrada, es un procedimiento que permitió co...

  4. Proyecto de factibilidad para la creación de una comercial dedicada a la importación y venta de herramientas neumáticos para la industria automotríz en la ciudad de Quito.

    OpenAIRE

    Vallejo Bravomalo, Francisco Roberto

    2012-01-01

    La propuesta de este proyecto busca mediante un estudio de conceptos, técnicas, herramientas y estrategias encontrar explicaciones de las situaciones qué se dan en el mercado de consumo dentro de la ciudad de Quito, con lo cual conseguiremos las respuestas más acertadas de que es lo que necesita este nicho de mercado. Una vez evaluadas las respuestas conseguiremos los parámetros necesarios para la venta de las herramientas que queremos importar. Este proyecto es de mucho int...

  5. Seismic design margin evaluation of systems and equipment required for safe shutdown of North Anna, Units 1 and 2, following an SSE (safe-shutdown earthquake) event. Technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Desai, K.D.

    1981-06-01

    The Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards recommended that the NRC staff review in detail the capability and available seismic design margin of fluid systems and equipment used in North Anna, Units 1 and 2 to achieve safe shutdown following a site-design safe-shutdown earthquake (SSE). The staff conducted a series of plant visits and meetings with the licensee to view and discuss the seismic design methodology used for systems, equipment and their supports. The report is a description and evaluation of the seismic design criteria, design conservatisms and seismic design margin for North Anna, Units 1 and 2

  6. Relación entre la variación de las condiciones ambientales y la temperatura interna de la yema del manzano 'Anna' Inner bud temperature of' Anna' apple trees in relation to varying environmental conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casierra Posada Fannor

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available En Paipa (Colombia, se realizó un ensayo de campo con el fin de determinar el efecto de la variación de las condiciones ambientales sobre la temperatura interna de la yema del manzano 'Anna' cultivado en condiciones de altiplano tropical. Los registros se hicieron en un árbol de cuatro años, el cual se defolió manualmente y se podó pocas semanas después de la cosecha. Se midió la temperatura del aire y se comparó con la temperatura de una yema en el árbol. Para medir la temperatura de la yema se colocó un sensor digital muy delgado entre los catáfilos de la yema; la temperatura ambiente se registró con un termómetro de bulbo. Las mediciones se realizaron cada media hora entre las 7:00 y las 17:30 horas del día, durante 19 días, empezando el día en que el árbol fue defoliado hasta cuando la yema alcanzó el estado fenológico "green tip". Al tiempo con cada medición de temperatura se registró el fenómeno climático más sobresaliente (lluvia, tiempo soleado, viento, tiempo nublado, etc. y los datos se agruparon según cada fenómeno climático. Los resultados mostraron que la yema presentó una temperatura 1,49°C por encima de la temperatura del aire durante el transcurso del día, en la noche no hubo diferencia de temperatura. En condiciones de lluvia, la temperatura
    de la yema estuvo 0,57°C por encima de la temperatura
    del aire. Bajo cielo nublado la yema estuvo 0,56°C más cálida
    que el aire. En condiciones de viento la yema presentó una
    diferencia de 0,87°C sobre la temperatura del aire. En días
    soleados, la yema mantuvo una temperatura 2,3°C sobre la temperatura del aire. Las diferencias entre la temperatura del aire y la de la yema se discuten con base en la transpiración, la convección y la radiación.A field experiment was conducted in Paipa (Colombia to study the effect of environmental varying over inner bud temperature of an 'Anna' apple tree 4 years old growing in tropical

  7. Clinical holistic medicine: the case story of Anna. III. Rehabilitation of philosophy of life during holistic existential therapy for childhood sexual abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventegodt, Søren; Clausen, Birgitte; Merrick, Joav

    2006-03-07

    When we experience life events with overwhelming emotional pain, we can escape this pain by making decisions (in our mind) that transfer responsibility from our existence to the surrounding world. By doing this, we slowly destroy the essence of our being, health, quality of life, and ability to function. The case of Anna is an excellent example of such a systematic destruction of self, done to survive the extreme pressure from childhood abuse and sexual abuse. The case study shows that the damage done to us by traumatic events is not on our body or soul, but rather our philosophy of life. The important consequence is that we can heal our existence by letting go of the negative decisions taken in the past painful and traumatic situations. By letting go of the life-denying sentences, we come back to life and take responsibility for our own life and existence. The healing of Anna's existence was done by existential holistic therapy. Although the processing did not always run smoothly, as she projected very charged material on the therapists on several occasions, the process resulted in full health and a good quality of life due to her own will to recover and heal completely. The case illustrates the inner logic and complexity of intensive holistic therapy at the most difficult moment, where only a combination of intensive medical, psychiatric, and sexological treatment could set her free. In the paper, we also present a meta-perspective on intensive holistic therapy and its most characteristic phases.

  8. «Un esclavo que se llama Antonio»: venta de dos esclavos asiáticos en Galicia a inicios del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ménard, Caroline

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Slavery has existed in the Iberian Peninsula since the Antiquity and up to the Modern Era - and moreover, it was not restricted to the submission of people coming from Africa. This paper will look at the sale of two slaves originally from Asia, Antonio and Domingo, in 1603 in the port of Vigo - it will explore their journey, the role of the Carreira da India Portuguese mariners as sailors, their origin and sale price. Antonio and Domingo might represent a minority compared to all the slaves living at that time in Galicia, but their difference is a rich illustration of the process as it was then working.

    La esclavitud era conocida en la Península Ibérica desde la Antigüedad y durante la Época Moderna y no se limitó a la sumisión de personas de origen africana. Este artículo trata de la venta de dos esclavos de origen asiático, Antonio y Domingo, en el puerto de Vigo en 1603; en él se analiza la ruta emprendida por éstos, el papel desempeñado por los marineros portugueses de la Carreira da India como vendedores, así como su origen y precio. Antonio y Domingo representan una minoria dentro del conjunto de los esclavos viviendo en ese momento en Galicia, pero su presencia es un ejemplo ilustrativo de la dinámica vigente en la época. [gl] A escravitude era coñecida na Península Ibérica dende a Antigüidade e durante a Época Moderna e non se limitou a sumisión de persoas de orixe africana. Este artigo trata da venda de dous escravos de orixe asiática, Antonio e Domingo, no porto de Vigo no 1603. No artigo analízase a ruta realizada por estes e a súa orixe e prezo, así como o papel xogado polos mariñeiros portugueses na Carreira da India como vendedores. Antonio y Domingo representan unha corrente minoritaria dentro do conxunto dos escravos que viven en Galicia nesta época, mais a sua presencia é un bon exemplo da dinamica vivida nesta época.

  9. Producción de maíz y soya forrajera para ensilaje y venta parcial de la cosecha de elotes o chilotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Jim\\u00E9nez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo investigó el efecto de tres diferentes formas de siembra conjunta de maíz y soya: a asociados (un surco maíz-un surco soya, b alternos (cuatro surcos máiz-cuatro surcos soya y c monocultivo y tres formas de cosecha de chilotes o elotes para venta antes de ensilar: a remoción del 50% de los chilotes (a inicio de floración, b remoción del 50% de los elotes (en estado de leche y c sin cosecha. Cada tratamiento tuvo tres repeticiones. Se utilizó la variedad de maíz blanco localmente adaptado, HS-5G de la casa Cristiani Burkard y la variedad de soya CIGRAS 10 para grano y forraje, desarrollada por el Centro de Investigación en Granos y Semillas de la Universidad de Costa Rica y probada con éxito en la regi ón. La cosecha para ensilaje, se realizó en los estados fenol ógicos de inicio de indentación en el maíz y R6 en la soya (semilla formada de consistencia semidura. La remoción del 50% del chilote resultó en $164,06 de ingreso bruto, cubriendo el 44,23 % de los gastos de cultivo, cosecha y almacenamiento en un silo de montón. Sin embargo, se observó una reducci ón desde 5,99 a 4,77 t MS /ha, representando un 20,3 %. La cosecha de elotes también redujo los rendimientos en un 24,4 %, pero permitió recuperar un 89,45 % de los gastos, que equivalieron a $331,75 de ingreso. Al mover los elotes, recupera casi todos los costos, no obstante, hay una reducción en tonelaje y casi de seguro en materia seca digestible. Bajo mejores condiciones de clima, un ingreso bruto mayor sería posible con el consecuente superavit monetario y el ensilaje gratis.

  10. Principales problemas en la gestión y dirección de ventas en Chile: estudio a través del método Delphi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Bullemore Campbell

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Las organizaciones actuales se enfrentan a numerosos retos, y uno de los más relevantes es la manera de gestionar a sus fuerzas de ventas. El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar la realidad de la dirección estratégica de ventas con un foco en lo que se realiza en Chile. Los objetivos específicos son el estudio de las diversas palancas que generan incrementos en la productividad comercial de las firmas tales como la actividad de los vendedores, el rol de los supervisores y la gestión del desempeño entre otras. Se desarrolló un estudio prospectivo a través del método Delphi con respuestas de un panel de expertos equilibrado entre directivos, académicos y consultores, a su vez contrastando resultados por medio de una encuesta a vendedores de distintas industrias en Chile. Al final se presentan varias sugerencias de mejoras.

  11. El poblado calcolítico “Venta del Rapa” (finales III milenio Cal. BC., Mancha Real, Jaén. Un recinto de fosos entre las estribaciones de Sierra Mágina y el Alto Guadalquivir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lechuga Chica, Miguel Ángel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Results are presented for the archaeological excavationa at the Copper Age settlement site “Venta del Rapa”, located during the preliminary survey for the construction of the Olivar motorway within the city limits of Mancha Real, Jaén (Spain. In its highest part, this small village had a ditch which delimited a area of 0.5 ha. Outside of the ditch there were hundreds of structures, covering some 2 ha, excavated in the geological substratum. These structures included three collective burials without grave goods dated by radiocarbon to the Middle to Later Copper Age (2350-2000 Cal. BC.Se presentan los resultados de la excavación arqueológica realizada en el poblado calcolítico “Venta del Rapa”, localizado durante las prospecciones previas a la construcción de la Autovía del Olivar en el término municipal de Mancha Real, Jaén. El poblado tiene un foso en la parte más alta que delimita un área de 0,5 ha. Tanto en su interior como en su exterior se ubican cientos de estructuras excavadas en la base geológica, abarcando 2 ha. Entre ellas destacan tres tumbas colectivas de inhumación sin ajuar, cuyas dataciones radiocarbónicas, fechan su ocupación en el Calcolítico Pleno-Final (2350-2000 Cal. BC.

  12. Evaluation of the efficiency of the photo Fenton disinfection of natural drinking water source during the rainy season in the Sahelian region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ndounla, J.; Pulgarin, C.

    2014-01-01

    The photo-disinfection of water from two different wells (W1, pH: 4.6–5.1 ± 0.02) and (W2 pH: 5.6–5.7 ± 0.02) was carried out during the rainy season at Ouagadougou–Burkina Faso, West Africa. The weather variation during the rainy season significantly affects the photo-disinfection processes (solar disinfection and photo-Fenton). The dilution of the water by rainwater highly affected the chemical composition of the wells' water used in this study; very low iron contents Compared to the ones recorded during the dry season were recorded in all water samples. Both photo-disinfection processes were used to treat 25 L of water in a compound parabolic collector (CPC). None of them have shown the total inactivation of both wild enteric bacteria strains (total coliforms/E. coli and Salmonella spp.) involved in the treatment. However, the total coliforms/E. coli strains were totally inactivated during the exposure under most of the photo-Fenton treatment. Also, the remaining strains, especially those of Salmonella spp. were achieved during the subsequent 24 h of dark storage under the action of the Fenton process. Under uniquely solar radiation, total inactivation was recorded only in the total coliforms/E. coli strains. The impact of the available irradiance on the efficiency of the photo-Fenton disinfection of natural water was highlighted during the exposure under high intermittent solar radiation. The impact of the HCO 3 − concentration of both wells' water on the evolution of the pH during the photo-disinfection was recorded. Drastic decrease was noticed after the initial fast increase in presence of low HCO 3 − concentration while a steady state was observed after the increase in presence of higher concentration. The redox activities of the nitrogen components of the water during both photo-disinfection processes have led to increased concentration of nitrite in all the cases and variations were noticed in that of nitrate and ammonia. - Graphical

  13. Spatial structure of monthly rainfall measurements average over 25 years and trends of the hourly variability of a current rainy day in Rwanda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nduwayezu, Emmanuel; Kanevski, Mikhail; Jaboyedoff, Michel

    2013-04-01

    Climate plays a vital role in a wide range of socio-economic activities of most nations particularly of developing countries. Climate (rainfall) plays a central role in agriculture which is the main stay of the Rwandan economy and community livelihood and activities. The majority of the Rwandan population (81,1% in 2010) relies on rain fed agriculture for their livelihoods, and the impacts of variability in climate patterns are already being felt. Climate-related events like heavy rainfall or too little rainfall are becoming more frequent and are impacting on human wellbeing.The torrential rainfall that occurs every year in Rwanda could disturb the circulation for many days, damages houses, infrastructures and causes heavy economic losses and deaths. Four rainfall seasons have been identified, corresponding to the four thermal Earth ones in the south hemisphere: the normal season (summer), the rainy season (autumn), the dry season (winter) and the normo-rainy season (spring). Globally, the spatial rainfall decreasing from West to East, especially in October (spring) and February (summer) suggests an «Atlantic monsoon influence» while the homogeneous spatial rainfall distribution suggests an «Inter-tropical front» mechanism. What is the hourly variability in this mountainous area? Is there any correlation with the identified zones of the monthly average series (from 1965 to 1990 established by the Rwandan meteorological services)? Where could we have hazards with several consecutive rainy days (using forecasted datas from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute)? Spatio-temporal analysis allows for identifying and explaining large-scale anomalies which are useful for understanding hydrological characteristics and subsequently predicting these hydrological events. The objective of our current research (Rainfall variability) is to proceed to an evaluation of the potential rainfall risk by applying advanced geospatial modelling tools in Rwanda: geostatistical

  14. Evaluation of the efficiency of the photo Fenton disinfection of natural drinking water source during the rainy season in the Sahelian region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ndounla, J., E-mail: juliette.ndounla@epfl.ch [Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering GPAO, Station 6, CH 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Institut International d' Ingénierie de l' Eau et de l' Environnement, Laboratoire Eau, Dépollution, Ecosystème et Santé (LEDES), 01 BP 594 Ouagadougou 01 (Burkina Faso); Pulgarin, C., E-mail: Cesar.pulgarin@epfl.ch [Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering GPAO, Station 6, CH 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2014-09-15

    The photo-disinfection of water from two different wells (W1, pH: 4.6–5.1 ± 0.02) and (W2 pH: 5.6–5.7 ± 0.02) was carried out during the rainy season at Ouagadougou–Burkina Faso, West Africa. The weather variation during the rainy season significantly affects the photo-disinfection processes (solar disinfection and photo-Fenton). The dilution of the water by rainwater highly affected the chemical composition of the wells' water used in this study; very low iron contents Compared to the ones recorded during the dry season were recorded in all water samples. Both photo-disinfection processes were used to treat 25 L of water in a compound parabolic collector (CPC). None of them have shown the total inactivation of both wild enteric bacteria strains (total coliforms/E. coli and Salmonella spp.) involved in the treatment. However, the total coliforms/E. coli strains were totally inactivated during the exposure under most of the photo-Fenton treatment. Also, the remaining strains, especially those of Salmonella spp. were achieved during the subsequent 24 h of dark storage under the action of the Fenton process. Under uniquely solar radiation, total inactivation was recorded only in the total coliforms/E. coli strains. The impact of the available irradiance on the efficiency of the photo-Fenton disinfection of natural water was highlighted during the exposure under high intermittent solar radiation. The impact of the HCO{sub 3}{sup −} concentration of both wells' water on the evolution of the pH during the photo-disinfection was recorded. Drastic decrease was noticed after the initial fast increase in presence of low HCO{sub 3}{sup −} concentration while a steady state was observed after the increase in presence of higher concentration. The redox activities of the nitrogen components of the water during both photo-disinfection processes have led to increased concentration of nitrite in all the cases and variations were noticed in that of nitrate and

  15. Tsvetotshnaja skazka / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2003-01-01

    Tatjana Tridvornova organiseeritud lilleballist Tallinnas. Algas lillekleitide defileega Saku Suurhallis ja jätkus lillekleitide konkursiga klubis Opium. Žürii koosseis. Osalejad Eestist, Lätist ja Soomest. Võitja on läti florist Druvis Ciritis lillekleidiga "Puudutus"

  16. Vsepobezhdajushtshaja strast / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2003-01-01

    Professionaalsete lilleseadjate võistlusest "Lillekleit 2003" Tallinnas klubis Opium. Võitis läti lilleseadja Druvis Ciritise lillekleit "Puudutus", II koha sai Irmen Laving ja III koha Heiki Põder. Rikkalikult illustreeritud

  17. Rabotorgovlja protsvetajet / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2004-01-01

    India päritolu ameeriklanna Rania Hong, kes ise sattus lapsepõlves illegaalse inimkaubanduse ohvriks, tegeleb alates 1999. aastast selgitustööga ja ohvrite abistamisega rahvusvahelise organisatsiooni Shared Hope International töötajana

  18. Posvjashtshenije muzam / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Vene Draamateatri galeriis avatakse maalinäitus "Pühendus teatrile". Kunstnikud A. Strahhov, S. Semerikov, S. ja V. Inkatovid, E. Sterpu, V. Voitsehhovitsh ja S. Minin oma teatrikogemustest ja töödest näitusel

  19. Anna Abridges "Masha."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crago, Hugh

    1989-01-01

    Examines a young girl's abridgment of Mara Kay's novel "Masha," focusing on the selection processes she used. Suggests that text selected for the abridgment had personal significance, while less significant or negative text was omitted. Concludes that the experience gave shape and meaning to the girl's own growing up. (MM)

  20. Sportivnaja gratsija / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna klubis Arctic Sport demonstreeritud firma Adidas uutest sügis-talviste spordirõivaste kollektsioonidest Adilibria ja Fuse naistele. Adilibria kollektsiooni loomisel kasutati moekunstnik Stella McCartney ideesid

  1. Fredericus Anna Jentink

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1913-01-01

    By his decease the Leyden Museum of Natural History has lost a Director, who during nearly thirty years has given all his energy to this Institution, has tried to extend and to complete its collections and to bring its internal arrangement more in agreement with modern views. In the first years of

  2. Milano 2006 / Anna Roomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roomet, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Sisekujunduse- ja mööblimessist I Saloni, mis tähistas oma 45. juubelit uues asupaigas Massimiliano Fuksase kavandite järgi ehitatud Fiera Milano Rho Pero messiavenüül 5.-10. aprillil. 36 värv. ill

  3. ‘The Good Terrorist(s’? Interrogating Gender and Violence in Ann Devlin’s ‘Naming the Names’ and Anna Burns’ No Bones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiona McCann

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyse the depiction of IRA female volunteers in Ann Devlin’s “Naming the Names” (1986 and Anna Burns’ No Bones (2001 and to consider the relationship established between gender and violence in these texts. I investigate the extent to which the female terrorists portrayed conform to the “mother, monster, whore” paradigm identified by Laura Sjoberg and Caron Gentry (2007 in their study of women’s violence in global politics and consider what differences, if any, are established with these characters’ male counterparts. The ways in which both authors destabilise traditional gender stereotypes is also explored, as is the question of whether these texts might be considered as feminist fictions.

  4. Two Austro-Hungarian Women Writers, Anna Tutsek and Terka Lux, Creating New Urban Identities in Early Twentieth-Century Budapest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judit Kádár

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I examine some literary texts of two turn-of-the century Hungarian women writers, Anna Tutsek and Terka Lux who left behind their childhood environment in remote regions of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in order to move to Budapest, the capital of the eastern part of the Empire. Assuming that individuals hold multiple identities that are flexible and inevitably affected by environmental and social changes, my main focus is on the transformation of their ethnic, regional, occupational and gender identity influenced by the disengagement from their birthplace. Within a context of Hungarian−Eastern-European women's social history, I investigate how migration had led them to reshape their original identities and create new ones and how these emigrant writers reacted to the loss of cultural and social norms in which they had previously lived.

  5. The influence of the fault zone width on land surface vibrations after the high-energy tremor in the "Rydułtowy-Anna" hard coal mine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilecka, Elżbieta; Szwarkowski, Dariusz

    2018-04-01

    In the article, a numerical analysis of the impact of the width of the fault zone on land surface tremors on the area of the "Rydułtowy - Anna" hard coal mine was performed. The analysis covered the dynamic impact of the actual seismic wave after the high-energy tremor of 7 June 2013. Vibrations on the land surface are a measure of the mining damage risk. It is particularly the horizontal components of land vibrations that are dangerous to buildings which is reflected in the Mining Scales of Intensity (GSI) of vibrations. The run of a seismic wave in the rock mass from the hypocenter to the area's surface depends on the lithology of the area and the presence of fault zones. The rock mass network cut by faults of various widths influences the amplitude of tremor reaching the area's surface. The analysis of the impact of the width of the fault zone was done for three alternatives.

  6. Biblioteca escolar das escolas reunidas Sant’anna do Paranahyba/MT (1936-1945: contribuições para o estudo de sua história.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosimar Pires Alves

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto apresentam-se os resultados de pesquisa de mestrado vinculada ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação da Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS, Unidade Universitária de Paranaíba, sobre o tema história das bibliotecas escolares na escola primária urbana em Paranaíba/MT. A pesquisa é oriunda dos resultados do projeto “Memória da Escola Primária em Paranaíba/MS (1946-1971”, desenvolvido no âmbito do Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas em História e Historiografia da Educação Brasileira (GEPHEB. No projeto verificou-se em alguns documentos escolares localizados, reunidos e selecionados sobre as Escolas Reunidas Sant‟Anna do Paranahyba – um dos primeiros núcleos de escolarização do município de Paranaíba –, a fundação e a organização de uma biblioteca escolar a partir do ano de 1936, o que levou à constituição do objeto de estudo. Com isso traçou-se como objetivo contribuir para a produção de uma história das bibliotecas escolares em Mato Grosso do Sul e no Brasil, a partir da história da primeira biblioteca escolar organizada nas Escolas Reunidas Sant‟Anna do Paranahyba, mediante localização, reunião, seleção, organização e análise de fontes documentais sobre a implantação, o acervo, as especificidades e os sujeitos envolvidos. O recorte temporal abrange o período de 1936 – início das atividades da biblioteca escolar – até 1945, quando as Escolas Reunidas Sant‟Anna do Paranahyba foram transformadas no Grupo Escolar José Garcia Leal. A pesquisa fundamentou-se na abordagem histórica, no campo da educação, na vertente da Nova História que apresenta um leque de possibilidades no que se refere à pesquisa histórica em educação, constituindo um campo produtivo de estudos. Assim, a pesquisa realizada permitiu compreender que a Biblioteca Escolar das Escolas Reunidas Sant‟Anna do Paranahyba não se mostrou aquém do movimento em prol da leitura e das bibliotecas

  7. THE IMPACT OF TRANSLATION TECHNIQUES AND SUBTITLING RULES TO THE EQUIVALENCE OF MEANING OF CULINARY TERMS IN THE FRESH WITH ANNA OLSON SEASON 1 SUBTITLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hetty Hartati Novita

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of cable TV in Indonesia has made this author interested in focusing on the topic of culinary terms translation in the subtitle of Fresh with Anna Olson Season 1 program broadcasted on Asian Food Channel station. In this paper, this author analyzes the translation techniques suggested by Molina and Albir used by the translators to create the more accurate, natural, and communicative subtitle even though there are subtitling rules to follow. The result is, most of the translated terms have equivalence in meaning between the ST and the TT, while the ones which are not equivalent are due to the application of two particular techniques, Discursive Creation and Adaptation.

  8. Determinants of Initial Public Offerings: The Case of Poland || Factores determinantes de una opción pública de venta (OPV: el caso de Polonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meluzin, Tomas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to indicate the influence of local macroeconomic factors, consequently GDP growth rates, the reference interest rate, industrial production growth rates, Warsaw Stock Exchange Index (WIG returns and the volume of private equity investments, on the number of initial public offerings (IPOs in an emerging market, Poland, over the period of 2004 to 2012. Our sample includes 218 local enterprises that conducted an IPO on the Main Market of the Warsaw Stock Exchange. Financial and privatized companies are excluded from the data processing. As follows from the previous studies, the situation in the year preceding the company initial public offering is crucial. Therefore, we used a model with one-year delay for all the explanatory variables in relation to the dependent variable (i.e. number of new listing. The model estimation was performed with the Ordinary Least Squares method. The main conclusion of our model is that the GDP growth has a significant impact on the number of new issues. This result implies that the business cycle has a direct impact on the IPO activity in the Polish capital market. The next conclusion is that the attractiveness of a capital market for investors measured by annual index returns appears to be an important factor for going public activities. Surprisingly, the model could confirm that other macroeconomic and capital market factors have had no explanatory power for IPO numbers in Poland between 2004 and 2012. || El objetivo principal del presente estudio consiste en demostrar la influencia de factores macroeconómicos locales tales como la tasa de crecimiento del Producto Interior Bruto (PIB, la tasa de interés anual de referencia, la tasa de crecimiento de la producción industrial, el retorno de la inversión del Mercado de Valores de Varsovia (GPW y el volumen de inversiones de capital privado, en el número de ofertas públicas de venta (OPV en un mercado emergente como el de Polonia

  9. Corrosion of Zircaloy-clad fuel rods in high-temperature PWRs: Measurement of waterside corrosion in North Anna Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balfour, M.G.; Kilp, G.R.; Comstock, R.J.; McAtee, K.R.; Thornburg, D.R.

    1992-03-01

    Twenty-four peripheral rods and two interior rods from North Anna Unit 1, End-of-Cycle 7, were measured at poolside for waterside corrosion on four-cycle Region 6 assemblies F35 and F66, with rod average burnups of 60 GWD/MTU. Similar measurements were obtained on 24 two-cycle fuel rods from Region 8A assemblies H02 and H10 with average burnups of about 40 GWD/MTU. The Region 6 peripheral rods had been corrosion measured previously after three cycles, at 45 GWD/MTU average burnup. The four-cycle Region 6 fuel rods showed high corrosion, compared to only intermediate corrosion level after three cycles. The accelerated corrosion rate in the fourth cycle was accompanied by extensive laminar cracking and spalling of the oxide film in the thickest regions. The peak corrosion of the two-cycle region 8A rods was 32 μm to 53 μm, with some isolated incipient oxide spalling. In conjunction with the in-reactor corrosion measurements, extensive characterization tests plus long-term autoclave corrosion tests were performed on archive samples of the three major tubing lots represented in the North Anna measurements. The autoclave tests generally showed the same ordering of corrosion by tubing lot as in the reactor; the chief difference between the archive tubing samples was a lower tin content (1.38 percent) for the lot with the lowest corrosion rate compared with a higher tin content (1.58) for the lot with the highest corrosion rate. There was no indication in the autoclave tests of an accelerated rate of corrosion as observed in the reactor

  10. Qarṭaŷanna y Bāguh, cecas almohades, y la hipótesis de las

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vega Martín, Miguel

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available

    A huge hoard of Almohad (Muwaḥḥid coins was found in Priego de Cordoba (Cordoba, Spain in 1959. It contains several thousands of silver coins and is kept in the Archeological and Ethnological Museum of Cordoba. The hoard provides archeological evidences that Qarṭaŷanna and Bāguh, so far unregistered in Almohad coins, must be added to the list of Andalusi mints of that period. After identifying the two names of towns as Cartagena (Murcia, Spain and Priego de Cordoba, the hypothesis that the Almohad authorities issued series of coins as commemoration of relevant political or religious events is maintained.



    En el Museo Arqueológico y Etnológico de Córdoba se conserva un copioso tesorillo de monedas almohades de plata compuesto por varios millares de piezas, hallado en Priego de Córdoba en 1959. Algunas de ellas permiten la lectura de dos nuevas cecas: las de Qarṭaŷanna y Bāguh, que pueden identificarse con las localidades españolas actuales de Cartagena y Priego. La multiplicidad de cecas almohades recibe aquí una explicación hipotética: se trataría de acuñaciones conmemorativas de acontecimientos políticos o religiosos.

  11. Tematy, których nie da się uśpić. Z Jerzym Jedlickim rozmawia Anna Zawadzka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Zawadzka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available On subjects that cannot be put to sleep. Anna Zawadzka in an interview with Jerzy Jedlicki The conversation with Jerzy Jedlicki is a part of series of interviews starting with the question about the subjects, that the interlocutors during his or her academical career were advised (by different persons and for different reasons not to pursue. Jedlicki mentions about three such issues: Poles and Jews during II World War period, Israel and Palestine, atheism and faith. He points out that nobody discouraged him from pursuing these subjects – it was himself, who refrained from being vocal on these matters. He clarifies why he used to censor himself, analyses how all the subjects work today in Polish public sphere and explains why he broke the silence several times.   Tematy, których nie da się uśpić. Z Jerzym Jedlickim rozmawia Anna Zawadzka Rozmowa z Jerzym Jedlickim przynależy do cyklu wywiadów, które rozpoczynają się pytaniem o tematy, które w toku kariery naukowej były rozmówcy z różnych przyczyn i przez różne osoby odradzane. Jedlicki wymienia trzy takie kwestie: Polacy i Żydzi w okresie okupacji, Izrael i Palestyna oraz ateizm i wiara. Zaznacza, że nikt mu nie odradzał ich podejmowania, a jedynie on sam powstrzymywał się przed zabieraniem publicznie głosu w tych sprawach. Wyjaśnia dlaczego się autocenzurował, analizuje, w jaki sposób wszystkie te trzy tematy funkcjonują dziś w polskiej sferze publicznej oraz tłumaczy, dlaczego kilkakrotnie przerwał jednak milczenie.

  12. Final Assessment of Manual Ultrasonic Examinations Applied to Detect Flaws in Primary System Dissimilar Metal Welds at North Anna Power Station

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Michael T.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Prowant, Matthew S.; Doctor, Steven R.

    2014-03-24

    PNNL conducted a technical assessment of the NDE issues and protocols that led to missed detections of several axially oriented flaws in a steam generator primary inlet dissimilar metal weld at North Anna Power Station, Unit 1 (NAPS-1). This particular component design exhibits a significant outside-diameter (OD) taper that is not included as a blind performance demonstration mock-up within the industry’s Performance Demonstration Initiative, administered by EPRI. For this reason, the licensee engaged EPRI to assist in the development of a technical justification to support the basis for a site-specific qualification. The service-induced flaws at NAPS-1 were eventually detected as a result of OD surface machining in preparation for a full structural weld overlay. The machining operation uncovered the existence of two through-wall flaws, based on the observance of primary water leaking from the dissimilar metal weld. A total of five axially oriented flaws were detected in varied locations around the weld circumference. The field volumetric examination that was conducted at NAPS-1 was a non-encoded, real-time manual ultrasonic examination. PNNL conducted both an initial assessment, and subsequently, a more rigorous technical evaluation (reported here), which has identified an array of NDE issues that may have led to the subject missed detections. These evaluations were performed through technical reviews and discussions with NRC staff, EPRI NDE Center personnel, industry and ISI vendor personnel, and ultrasonic transducer manufacturers, and laboratory tests, to better understand the underlying issues at North Anna.

  13. Prevalencia y factores asociados a la venta de cigarros a menores de edad en el Distrito Federal Prevalence and risk factors related to sale of cigarettes to minors in stores in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Antonio Kuri-Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer la prevalencia y los factores asociados a la venta de cigarros a menores en el Distrito Federal. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal realizado mediante una encuesta a expendedores de comercios que venden cigarros. Se generó un marco muestral mediante el SCINCE 2000 del INEGI, se seleccionaron probabilísticamente dos Areas Geoestadísticas Básicas (AGEB por delegación y se realizó un censo de dichos comercios. RESULTADOS: Se visitaron 577 comercios de los cuales 73% vendió cigarros a menores, 58% vendía cigarros sueltos; 2.6% preguntó la edad y 1.2% solicitó una identificación. De los expendedores, 51% fueron hombres, 37% cursó la secundaria, 57% había fumado, 42% tenía hijos menores y 99% sabía que está prohibido vender cigarros a menores. El análisis multivariado permitió establecer un modelo explicativo, y se encontró que cuando el expendedor es hombre o se venden cigarros sueltos se incrementa entre 2 y 5 veces la posibilidad de venta, respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: La venta de cigarros a menores en el Distrito Federal es independiente de las características del expendedor y del comercio.OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of the sale of cigarette to minors in stores in Mexico City. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done applying a questionnaire to salespersons in stores that sell cigarettes. The SCINCE 2000 from INEGI was used to select and sample two Basic Geostatistical Areas (AGEB per Delegation and a census of stores was carried out. RESULTS: A total of 577 stores were visited, 73% sold cigarettes to minors, 58% sell loose cigarettes, only 2.6% asked the buyer's age, and 1.2% requested identification. Among the salespersons, 51% were men, 37% had secondary school studies, 57% were smokers, 42% had children underage, and 99% knew that the sale of cigarettes to minors is prohibited. The multivariate analysis established an explicative model and it was discovered that when the

  14. Análisis, desarrollo e implementación del modelo de mejora continua GM-Difference para el aseguramiento de la calidad en las áreas de venta y posventa de Automotores Continental S. A.

    OpenAIRE

    Gálvez Gálvez, Eduardo Vinicio; Proaño Jaramillo, Pablo Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto trata sobre el Análisis, Desarrollo e Implementación de un modelo de mejora continua para lograr el aseguramiento de la Calidad Total en las áreas de venta y posventa de Automotores Continental S.A., a partir de la aplicación de estándares de calidad GM Difference. Para ello, primero se hizo un diagnóstico de la Situación Actual, basados en el estudio a una muestra de 138 clientes, los cuales, a través del análisis de Diagrama de Pareto, Esquematización Causa-Efecto y Matriz de ...

  15. Evaluation of the efficiency of the photo Fenton disinfection of natural drinking water source during the rainy season in the Sahelian region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndounla, J; Pulgarin, C

    2014-09-15

    The photo-disinfection of water from two different wells (W1, pH: 4.6-5.1 ± 0.02) and (W2 pH: 5.6-5.7 ± 0.02) was carried out during the rainy season at Ouagadougou-Burkina Faso, West Africa. The weather variation during the rainy season significantly affects the photo-disinfection processes (solar disinfection and photo-Fenton). The dilution of the water by rainwater highly affected the chemical composition of the wells' water used in this study; very low iron contents Compared to the ones recorded during the dry season were recorded in all water samples. Both photo-disinfection processes were used to treat 25 L of water in a compound parabolic collector (CPC). None of them have shown the total inactivation of both wild enteric bacteria strains (total coliforms/E. coli and Salmonella spp.) involved in the treatment. However, the total coliforms/E. coli strains were totally inactivated during the exposure under most of the photo-Fenton treatment. Also, the remaining strains, especially those of Salmonella spp. were achieved during the subsequent 24h of dark storage under the action of the Fenton process. Under uniquely solar radiation, total inactivation was recorded only in the total coliforms/E. coli strains. The impact of the available irradiance on the efficiency of the photo-Fenton disinfection of natural water was highlighted during the exposure under high intermittent solar radiation. The impact of the HCO3(-) concentration of both wells' water on the evolution of the pH during the photo-disinfection was recorded. Drastic decrease was noticed after the initial fast increase in presence of low HCO3(-) concentration while a steady state was observed after the increase in presence of higher concentration. The redox activities of the nitrogen components of the water during both photo-disinfection processes have led to increased concentration of nitrite in all the cases and variations were noticed in that of nitrate and ammonia. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B

  16. Elementos do Projeto Político Profissional da Associação Nacional das Enfermeiras Diplomadas Brasileiras presentes nos Annaes de Enfermagem Elementos del Proyecto Politico Profesional de la Asociación Nacional de Enfermeras Graduadas Brasileras presentes en los Annaes de Enfermagem Elements of the Political Professional Project of the Brazilian Graduate Nurses National Association present in the Annaes de Enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Liliane Gonçalves da Cruz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A revista Annaes de Enfermagem foi criada para publicar idéias, conceitos, resultados da produção científica, reflexões e, principalmente, o de expor e discutir o Projeto Político Profissional da Associação Nacional de Enfermeiras Diplomadas Brasileiras (ANEDB. Este estudo teve como objetivo descrever e caracterizar estes elementos presentes na referida revista no período de 1932 a 1941. Trata-se de um estudo de abordagem qualitativa pelo método histórico. Os principais elementos do projeto político compreendem os atributos desejáveis no enfermeiro como altruísmo, abnegação, patriotismo, senso humanitário, progresso profissional ligado à educação, arte, ideal, ética e componentes da religião cristã. Todos estes elementos fizeram parte de um projeto político que visava a integração da enfermagem no contexto de saúde nacional da época. (118 palavras.El periódico Annaes de Enfermagem fue creado para publicar ideas, conceptos, resultados de la producción cientifica, reflexiones y principalmente o de presentar y discutir el proyecto politico profesional de la Asociación Nacional de Enfermeras Graduadas Brasileras. Este estudio tuvo como objectivo decribir y caracterizar estos elementos presentes en este periódico en lo periodo de 1932 hasta 1941. Tratase de um estudio de abordaje cualitativa por lo metodo historico. Lo principales elementos del proyecto politico compreenden los atributos desejables en lo enfermero como el altruismo, abnegación, patriotismo, senso humaño, progreso profesional junto com la educación, arte, ideal, etica y componentes de la religión cristiana. Todos los elementos hicierón parte del proyecto politico que objectivó la integración de la enfermería en el contexto de salud en ámbito nacional a la epoca.The journal Annaes de Enfermagem was created to publish ideas, concepts, results of scientific production, reflections and, meanly to expose the Political Professional Project of the

  17. Kilkanaście sekund. Z Konstantym Gebertem rozmawiają Joanna Tokarska-Bakir, Elżbieta Janicka i Anna Zawadzka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Tokarska-Bakir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A few seconds. Konstanty Gebert in a conversation with Joanna Tokarska-Bakir, Elżbieta Janicka and Anna Zawadzka In 2012–2013, Poland was discussing ritual slaughter. Its adversaries claimed that the kind of animal slaughtering that makes the animal meat kosher and halal, causes extra suffering to animals and therefore should be banned. However, the postulate of banning ritual slaughter in Poland is not new and it goes back to the pre-war period. In the Studia Litteraria et Historica’s interview Konstanty Gebert talks about the history of Polish debate on the ritual slaughter, its anti-Semitic applications and about not an­ti-Semitic arguments risen in the discussion. He describes legal solutions for the ritual slaughter in other countries and addresses the issue of animal killing as a moral problem in Judaism. He also discusses the contemporary debate on the ritual slaughter: is it really in the name of the animal rights?   Kilkanaście sekund. Z Konstantym Gebertem rozmawiają Joanna Tokarska-Bakir, Elżbieta Janicka i Anna Zawadzka W latach 2012–2013 przez Polskę przetoczyła się dyskusja o uboju rytualnym. Jego przeciwnicy argumentowali, że taki sposób zabijania zwierząt, by mięso z ich ciał było koszerne i halal, przysparza zwie­rzętom dodatkowych cierpień, dlatego powinien być zakazany. Jednak postulat, by zakazać uboju rytualnego, nie jest w Polsce niczym nowym. Jego tradycja sięga okresu przedwojennego. W wywiadzie dla czasopisma „Studia Litteraria et Historica” Konstanty Gebert opowiada m.in. o historii polskiej debaty na temat uboju rytualnego, o antysemickich z niej użytkach i o nieantysemickich argumentach w niej podnoszonych, o roz­wiązaniach prawnych dotyczących uboju rytualnego w innych krajach, a także o zabijaniu zwierząt jako problemie moralnym w obrębie judaizmu. Zastanawia się także, czy współczesna debata o uboju rytualnym jest faktycznie w interesie zwierząt.

  18. High resolution numerical simulation (WRF V3) of an extreme rainy event over the Guadeloupe archipelago: Case of 3-5 january 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Didier C.; Cécé, Raphaël; Dorville, Jean-François

    2013-04-01

    During the dry season, the Guadeloupe archipelago may be affected by extreme rainy disturbances which may induce floods in a very short time. C. Brévignon (2003) considered a heavy rain event for rainfall upper 100 mm per day (out of mountainous areas) for this tropical region. During a cold front passage (3-5 January 2011), torrential rainfalls caused floods, major damages, landslides and five deaths. This phenomenon has put into question the current warning system based on large scale numerical models. This low-resolution forecasting (around 50-km scale) has been unsuitable for small tropical island like Guadeloupe (1600 km2). The most affected area was the middle of Grande-Terre island which is the main flat island of the archipelago (area of 587 km2, peak at 136 m). It is the most populated sector of Guadeloupe. In this area, observed rainfall have reached to 100-160 mm in 24 hours (this amount is equivalent to two months of rain for January (C. Brévignon, 2003)), in less 2 hours drainage systems have been saturated, and five people died in a ravine. Since two years, the atmospheric model WRF ARW V3 (Skamarock et al., 2008) has been used to modeling meteorological variables fields observed over the Guadeloupe archipelago at high resolution 1-km scale (Cécé et al., 2011). The model error estimators show that meteorological variables seem to be properly simulated for standard types of weather: undisturbed, strong or weak trade winds. These simulations indicate that for synoptic winds weak to moderate, a small island like Grande-Terre is able to generate inland convergence zones during daytime. In this presentation, we apply this high resolution model to simulate this extreme rainy disturbance of 3-5 January 2011. The evolution of modeling meteorological variable fields is analyzed in the most affected area of Grande-Terre (city of Les Abymes). The main goal is to examine local quasi-stationary updraft systems and highlight their convective mechanisms. The

  19. Climatologia do comportamento do período chuvoso da região sudeste do Brasil Climatology of the rainy period behavior in the southeast region of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosandro Boligon Minuzzi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisados dados diários de 203 estações pluviométricas localizadas na região Sudeste do Brasil, com o objetivo de caracterizar climaticamente e analisar a tendência do comportamento do período chuvoso. Os resultados indicam que o período chuvoso inicia mais cedo (entre 13 e 22 de setembro e tem maior duração (210 a 229 dias na região litorânea de São Paulo. Comportamento oposto ao observado nas regiões Norte e Vale do Jequitinhonha, em Minas Gerais, onde o período chuvoso inicia em média, entre os dias 23 de outubro a 2 de novembro, durando apenas 136 a 155 dias. As datas de início e a duração do período chuvoso estão fortemente correlacionadas entre si, bem como, entre o total de precipitação e a duração do período chuvoso em praticamente todo o Sudeste do Brasil. De modo geral, desde meados da década de 1970, o período chuvoso tem iniciado precocemente e durado mais no Sudeste do Brasil. Quanto à quantidade de chuva, esta tem ocorrido em maiores quantidades somente na área MG3 (sudeste de Minas Gerais e no estado de São Paulo.Daily data from 203 pluviometric stations, located in the Southeast region of Brazil, were studied with the objective to characterize climatically and analyze the tendency of the behavior of the rainy period. The results indicate that the rainy period begins early (between 13 and September 22th and has larger duration (210 to 229 days at the coastal area of São Paulo. Behavior opposed to the observed in the areas North and Vale do Jequitinhonha, in Minas Gerais, where the rainy period begins on average, among October 23th on November 2nd, only lasting 136 to 155 days. The duration and the dates at the beginning of the rainy period are strongly correlated, as well as, among the precipitation total and the duration of the rainy period in practically the whole Southeast region of Brazil. In general, from middles of the 1970's, the rainy period has started earlier and lasted more in the

  20. The density and biomass of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton in the Negro and the Amazon Rivers during the rainy season: the ecological importance of the confluence boundary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryota Nakajima

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The boundary zone between two different hydrological regimes is often a biologically enriched environment with distinct planktonic communities. In the center of the Amazon River basin, muddy white water of the Amazon River meets with black water of the Negro River, creating a conspicuous visible boundary spanning over 10 km along the Amazon River. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the confluence boundary between the white and black water rivers concentrates prey and is used as a feeding habitat for consumers by investigating the density, biomass and distribution of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton communities across the two rivers during the rainy season. Our results show that mean mesozooplankton density (2,730 inds. m−3 and biomass (4.8 mg m−3 were higher in the black-water river compared to the white-water river (959 inds. m−3; 2.4 mg m−3; however an exceptionally high mesozooplankton density was not observed in the confluence boundary. Nonetheless we found the highest density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence boundary (9.7 inds. m−3, being up to 9-fold higher than in adjacent rivers. The confluence between white and black waters is sandwiched by both environments with low (white water and high (black water zooplankton concentrations and by both environments with low (white water and high (black water predation pressures for fish larvae, and may function as a boundary layer that offers benefits of both high prey concentrations and low predation risk. This forms a plausible explanation for the high density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence zone of black and white water rivers.

  1. The density and biomass of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton in the Negro and the Amazon Rivers during the rainy season: the ecological importance of the confluence boundary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Ryota; Rimachi, Elvis V; Santos-Silva, Edinaldo N; Calixto, Laura S F; Leite, Rosseval G; Khen, Adi; Yamane, Tetsuo; Mazeroll, Anthony I; Inuma, Jomber C; Utumi, Erika Y K; Tanaka, Akira

    2017-01-01

    The boundary zone between two different hydrological regimes is often a biologically enriched environment with distinct planktonic communities. In the center of the Amazon River basin, muddy white water of the Amazon River meets with black water of the Negro River, creating a conspicuous visible boundary spanning over 10 km along the Amazon River. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the confluence boundary between the white and black water rivers concentrates prey and is used as a feeding habitat for consumers by investigating the density, biomass and distribution of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton communities across the two rivers during the rainy season. Our results show that mean mesozooplankton density (2,730 inds. m -3 ) and biomass (4.8 mg m -3 ) were higher in the black-water river compared to the white-water river (959 inds. m -3 ; 2.4 mg m -3 ); however an exceptionally high mesozooplankton density was not observed in the confluence boundary. Nonetheless we found the highest density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence boundary (9.7 inds. m -3 ), being up to 9-fold higher than in adjacent rivers. The confluence between white and black waters is sandwiched by both environments with low (white water) and high (black water) zooplankton concentrations and by both environments with low (white water) and high (black water) predation pressures for fish larvae, and may function as a boundary layer that offers benefits of both high prey concentrations and low predation risk. This forms a plausible explanation for the high density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence zone of black and white water rivers.

  2. PRONÓSTICO DE VENTAS: COMPARACIÓN DE PREDICCIÓN ENTRE REDES NEURONALES Y MÉTODO ESTADÍSTICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Nojek

    2003-05-01

    -family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

    RESUMEN

    Actualmente es común que las empresas realicen pronósticos de ventas para poder planificar más acertadamente su producción. El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en estudiar la predicción de ventas mediante el uso de redes neuronales, comparar los resultados obtenidos con los pronósticos de un método estadístico clásico y establecer los entornos más adecuados para su uso.

    Palabras Clave: Pronostico de Ventas – Predicción basada en Redes Neuronales.

     

    ABSTRACT

    Companies usually need sales forecast for improving production planning. This research work pursues to study sales forecast based on neural networks and to compare this results with the ones based on classical statistical methods trying to specify the adequate business environment for using them

    Keywords: Sales Forecast – Forecasting based on Neural Networks

  3. Ultrasonic Phased Array Assessment of the Interference Fit and Leak Path of the North Anna Unit 2 Control Rod Drive Mechanism Nozzle 63 with Destructive Validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawford, Susan L.; Cinson, Anthony D.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Hanson, Brady D.; Mathews, Royce

    2012-08-01

    The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonic testing (UT) for primary water leak path assessments of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) upper head penetrations. Operating reactors have experienced leakage when stress corrosion cracking of nickel-based alloy penetrations allowed primary water into the annulus of the interference fit between the penetration and the low-alloy steel RPV head. In this investigation, UT leak path data were acquired for an Alloy 600 control rod drive mechanism nozzle penetration, referred to as Nozzle 63, which was removed from the North Anna Unit 2 reactor when the RPV head was replaced in 2002. In-service inspection prior to the head replacement indicated that Nozzle 63 had a probable leakage path through the interference fit region. Nozzle 63 was examined using a phased-array UT probe with a 5.0-MHz, eight-element annular array. Immersion data were acquired from the nozzle inner diameter surface. The UT data were interpreted by comparing to responses measured on a mockup penetration with known features. Following acquisition of the UT data, Nozzle 63 was destructively examined to determine if the features identified in the UT examination, including leakage paths and crystalline boric acid deposits, could be visually confirmed. Additional measurements of boric acid deposit thickness and low-alloy steel wastage were made to assess how these factors affect the UT response. The implications of these findings for interpreting UT leak path data are described.

  4. Technical evaluation report on the seven main transformer failures at the North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2 (Docket Nos. 50-338, 50-339)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dalton, K.J.; Kresser, J.V.; Savage, J.W.; Selan, J.C.

    1984-01-01

    This report documents technical evaluations on various aspects pertaining to the seven main transformer failures at the North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2. These reports cover the subjects of Probability Risk Assessment (PRA), Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Root Causes, Protection Systems, Modifications, Failure Statistics, and Generic Aspects. The PRA determined that the contribution from a main transformer failure affecting plant safety systems so as to increase the risk to the public health and safety is negligible. The FMEA determined that a main transformer failure can have primary and secondary effects on plant safety system operation. The evaluation of the Root Causes found that no single common cause contributed to the seven failures. Each failure was found to have specific circumstances for initiating the failure. Both the generator and transformer primary protection systems were found to perform correctly and were designed within industry standards and practices. The proposed modifications resulting from the analyses of the failures will improve system reliability and integrity, and will reduce potentially damaging effects. The failure statistic survey found very limited data bases from which a meaningful correlation could be ascertained. The statistical comparison found no appreciable anomalies with the NAPS failures. The evaluation of all the available information and the results of the separate reports on the main transformer failures found that several generic concerns exist

  5. Infantile anorexia, co-excitation and co-mastery in the parent/baby cathexis: The contribution of Sigmund and Anna Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascales, Thomas

    2017-04-01

    Recent epidemiological studies show that 2% of babies in ordinary paediatric clinics suffer from infantile anorexia. In the first part of this paper we present a case study from our hospital clinical activity. Our framework combines clinical psychoanalytic sessions and perinatal videos. In the second part, we will focus on the concepts of instinct and excitation proposed by Sigmund Freud and the concept of mastery proposed by Anna Freud. In the third part, we will examine these concepts in the light of the case study. The fourth part is devoted to clinical recommendations from our hospital psychoanalytic practice. In conclusion, unlike other clinical settings, the psychoanalytic setting allows for the elaboration of the parental hatred included in the libidinal cathexis. Our psychoanalytic setting (sessions/videos) makes it possible to decontaminate parental intrapsychic elements overloaded with excitement, saturated with hate elements, and rendered sterile by the instinct for mastery. An initial part of the treatment process involves working through the intersubjective elements observed in the video. Copyright © 2016 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  6. Prevalence and etiology of buffalo mastitis and milk somatic cell count in dry and rainy seasons in a buffalo herd from Analândia, São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.J.L. Pizauro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate somatic cell count (SCC, prevalence and etiology of mastitis in a dairy buffalo herd from Analândia, São Paulo State, Brazil, in the dry and rainy seasons. Additionally, antimicrobial susceptibility profile of microorganisms isolated from milk samples was also evaluated. 1,042 milk samples from female Murrah buffaloes in a dairy farm located in Analândia, São Paulo State, Brazil, collected between May 2011 and November 2012 were analyzed. After the mammary gland physical examination, strip cup test and California Mastitis Test (CMT were performed. Afterwards, 50mL of milk samples from each mammary quarter were collected aseptically for SCC in automatic equipment and microbiological examination. The antimicrobial sensitivity profile to ampicillin, cefoperazone, ceftiofur, enrofloxacin, gentamicin, neomycin, oxacillin, penicillin, and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim was evaluated by disk diffusion method. The monthly average temperature and pluviometric index were obtained from "Centro Integrado de Informações Agrometeorológicas" (CIIAGRO of "Instituto Agronômico de Campinas" (IAC. Milk samples with positive results in the microbiological test showed average SCC of 137,720 cells/mL in the dry period and 190,309 cells/mL in the rainy period. Although a higher number of isolated microorganisms was observed in buffalo milk samples during the rainy period (69/600 compared to the dry period (50/442, the season had no significant effect on the frequency of isolation of microorganisms. The main genera of microorganisms isolated were coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (38.4%, Streptococcus agalactiae (28.8%, and Bacillus spp. (7.56% during the dry season and Corynebacterium sp. (23.5%, Streptococcus spp. (32.3%, and Streptococcus agalactiae (9.24% during the rainy period. Multidrug resistance was observed in 30.1% of the isolated microorganisms.

  7. Short-term assessment of the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season on La Azufrada coral reef, Gorgona Island, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego F. Lozano-Cortés

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the major stresses on corals is the settlement of suspended sediment on their surfaces. This leads to the blocking of light, the covering of the coral mucus surface and an increased risk of disease. For this reason sediment deposition on a reef is considered a highly important variable in coral reef studies. With the use of sediment traps and oceanographic sensors, the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season (April-May 2009 on a Tropical Eastern Pacific coral reef (La Azufrada at Gorgona Island in Colombia were investigated. To quantify sediment deposition, sediment traps were established in nine stations along the coral reef (three stations per reef zone: backreef, flat and slope. To minimize disturbance by aquatic organisms in the sediment traps these were filled with hypersaline borax-buffered 10% formaline solution before their deployment; animals found in the filter contents were fixed and stored in a 4% formalin solution, frozen and identified in the laboratory. To determine the water conditions, discrete samples of water from 1 m and 10 m depths were collected using a Niskin bottle. Oceanographic variables (temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen as well as turbidity, chlorophyll and nutrient concentration (nitrite, nitrate and phosphorus were measured in the samples from both depths. Vertical records of temperature and salinity were carried out with a Seabird-19 CTD nearest to La Azufrada and water transparency was measured using a Secchi disk. We found a mean trap collection rate of 23.30±4.34gm-2d-1 and did not detect a significant difference in the trap collection rate among reef zones. The mean temperature and salinity in the coral reef depth zone (0-10m layer were 26.98±0.19°C and 32.60±0.52, respectively. Fourteen taxonomic groups of invertebrates were detected inside the sediment traps with bivalves and copepods being the most abundant and frequen. The findings presented here constitute

  8. Short-term assessment of the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season on La Azufrada coral reef, Gorgona Island, Colombia

    KAUST Repository

    Lozano-Cortés, Diego F

    2014-02-01

    One of the major stresses on corals is the settlement of suspended sediment on their surfaces. This leads to the blocking of light, the covering of the coral mucus surface and an increased risk of disease. For this reason sediment deposition on a reef is considered a highly important variable in coral reef studies. With the use of sediment traps and oceanographic sensors, the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season (April-May 2009) on a Tropical Eastern Pacific coral reef (La Azufrada) at Gorgona Island in Colombia were investigated. To quantify sediment deposition, sediment traps were established in nine stations along the coral reef (three stations per reef zone: backreef, flat and slope). To minimize disturbance by aquatic organisms in the sediment traps these were filled with hypersaline borax-buffered 10% formaline solution before their deployment; animals found in the filter contents were fixed and stored in a 4% formalin solution, frozen and identified in the laboratory. To determine the water conditions, discrete samples of water from 1 m and 10 m depths were collected using a Niskin bottle. Oceanographic variables (temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen) as well as turbidity, chlorophyll and nutrient concentration (nitrite, nitrate and phosphorus) were measured in the samples from both depths. Vertical records of temperature and salinity were carried out with a Seabird-19 CTD nearest to La Azufrada and water transparency was measured using a Secchi disk. We found a mean trap collection rate of 23.30±4.34gm-2d-1 and did not detect a significant difference in the trap collection rate among reef zones. The mean temperature and salinity in the coral reef depth zone (0-10m layer) were 26.98±0.19°C and 32.60±0.52, respectively. Fourteen taxonomic groups of invertebrates were detected inside the sediment traps with bivalves and copepods being the most abundant and frequen. The findings presented here constitute the first report

  9. Una aplicación de la metodología VAR al ámbito del marketing periodístico: el caso de la promoción de ventas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    da Conceição Rebuge, Elías José

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo estudia la relación existente entre la promoción de ventas editorial, las cifras de difusión y la cuota de mercado de la prensa diaria.Para la realización de la presente investigación se utilizan series de datos mensuales del diario La Voz de Galicia, para el periodo 1991-2000. El enfoque empírico utilizado está basado en la metodología VAR. En primer lugar, se realizan los siguientes test de raíces unitarias: el test ADF de Dickey-Fuller (1981, el test DF-GLS de Elliot, Rothenberg y Stock (1996, el test KPSS de Kwiatkoski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin (1992 y el test de raíces unitarias estacionarias de Hylleberg, Engle, Granger y Yoo (1990 o test HEGY, en la versión para datos mensuales propuesta por Beaulieu y Mirón (1993. Posteriormente, se elabora un VAR convencional y se completa el análisis con su interpretación dinámica.Los datos han sido extraídos de la Oficina de la Justificación de la Difusión (OJD y los programas econométricos que han sido utilizados para la realización de los distintos análisis son: EViews 5.1, RATS 6.02 y CATS 1.04.

  10. Economic evaluation of a 100% smoke-free law on the hospitality industry in an Argentinean province Evaluación económica sobre las ventas del sector gastronómico después de una ley de ambientes 100% libres de humo en una provincia argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Candioti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To assess the economic impact of a 100% smoke-free law on bars and restaurants in an Argentinean province. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a time series analysis of restaurant and bar revenues in the province of Santa Fe 31 months before and 29 months after the implementation of the 100% smokefree environment law. The neighboring province of Entre Rios without smoking restrictions at the time of this study, was used as the control province. RESULTS: Average taxable revenues post-legislation in the province of Santa Fe as a whole and in the two most important cities were higher when compared to the total provincial revenue pre-legislation. No significant differences were observed with the total revenue from the province of Entre Rios. CONCLUSIONS: We found no statistically significant evidence that the 100% smoke-free environment legislation in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, had a negative impact on the revenues of local bars and restaurants.OBJETIVOS: Evaluar el impacto económico de una ley de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco sobre las ventas de bares y restaurantes en una provincia argentina. MATERIAL y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un análisis de serie temporal sobre las ventas de bares y restaurantes en Santa Fe, 31 meses antes y 29 meses después de la ley. Se utilizó a la provincia vecina de Entre Ríos, sin ley en el momento del estudio, como provincia control. RESULTADOS: El promedio de ventas post-ley tanto en la provincia de Santa Fe como en sus dos ciudades más importantes fue mayor al compararse con el promedio provincial total pre-ley. No se observaron diferencias significativas en las ventas totales al ser comparadas con la provincia de Entre Ríos. CONCLUSIONES: No se demostró evidencia estadísticamente significativa sobre el impacto negativo de la legislación de ambientes 100% libres de humo sobre las ventas de bares y restaurantes en la provincia de Santa Fe.

  11. Rec.: Anna Niepytalska-Osiecka, Socjolekt polskich alpinistów. Analiza leksykalno-semantyczna słownictwa, Wydawnictwo LIBRON – Filip Lohner, Kraków 2014, ss. 286

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beata Jarosz

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Review: Anna Niepytalska-Osiecka, Socjolekt polskich alpinistów. Analiza leksykalnosemantyczna słownictwa, Wydawnictwo LIBRON – Filip Lohner, Kraków 2014, 286 pp. The article is a review of Anna Niepytalska-Osiecka’s book Socjolekt polskich alpinistów. Analiza leksykalno-semantyczna słownictwa (The sociolect of Polish mountaineers. A lexical and semantic analysis of the vocabulary. First, the text summarizes the subject matter of this monograph, devoted to a hitherto undescribed variety of the Polish language. It then goes on to characterize the composition of the book and its methodology. Finally, some problematic points are indicated – concerning, among other things, the classification of the language variety analyzed or the development of its vocabulary – and alternative lexical and semantic solutions are suggested.   Rec.: Anna Niepytalska-Osiecka, Socjolekt polskich alpinistów. Analiza leksykalno-semantyczna słownictwa, Wydawnictwo LIBRON – Filip Lohner, Kraków 2014, ss. 286 Artykuł stanowi recenzję książki Anny Niepytalskiej-Osieckiej pt. Socjolekt polskich alpinistów. Analiza leksykalno-semantyczna słownictwa. W tekście przybliżono zawartą w monografii problematykę poświęconą nieopisanemu dotychczas wariantowi polszczyzny oraz scharakteryzowano zastosowane rozwiązania kompozycyjne i analityczne. Wskazano również punkty dyskusyjne dotyczące m.in. klasyfikacji opisywanego wariantu polszczyzny czy procesu kształtowania się jego zasobu słownego, a także zasugerowano alternatywne rozstrzygnięcia leksykalno-semantyczne.

  12. Linguagem experimental: o discurso do consumo em Sexo, de André Sant'Anna, e o discurso da 'existencialidade' , em Lugar público, de José Agrippino de Paula

    OpenAIRE

    Romulo de Almeida Portella

    2006-01-01

    O objetivo principal desta dissertação é investigar as obras Sexo, de André SantAnna, e Lugar Público, de José Agrippino de Paula, a partir das noções que lidam com a vitalidade das formulações verbais, no que dizem respeito à elaboração da linguagem literária e a estruturação desta como conhecimento a ser apreendido. O trabalho contribui para um melhor entendimento da estética do experimentalismo, que é abordada em tais narrativas ficcionais. This dissertations main aim is to inves...

  13. Clinical Holistic Medicine: The Case Story of Anna. I. Long-Term Effect of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Incest with a Treatment Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Søren Ventegodt

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The nervous breakdown of a 22-year-old, young woman was caused by severe sexual abuse in childhood, which was repressed over many years. During therapy, the patient accumulated resources to start the painful integration of these old traumas. Using holistic existential therapy in accordance with the life mission theory and the holistic process theory of healing, she finally was able to confront her old traumas and heal her existence. She seemingly recovered completely (including regaining full emotional range through holistic existential therapy, individually and in a group. The therapy took 18 months and more than 100 hours of intensive therapy. In the beginning of the therapy, the issues were her physical and mental health; in the middle of the therapy, the central issue was her purpose of life and her love life; and at the conclusion of the therapy, the issue was gender and sexuality. The strategy was to build up her strength for several months, mobilizing hidden resources and motivation for living, before the old traumas could be confronted and integrated. The therapy was based on quality of life philosophy, on the life mission theory, the theory of ego, the theory of talent, the theory of the evil side of man, the theory of human character, and the holistic process theory of healing. The clinical procedures included conversation, philosophical training, group therapeutic tools, extended use of therapeutic touch, holistic pelvic examination, and acceptance through touch was used to integrate the early traumas bound to the pelvis and scar tissue in the sexual organs. She was processed according to 10 levels of the advanced toolbox for holistic medicine and the general plan for clinical holistic psychiatry. The emotional steps she went through are well described by the scale of existential responsibility. The case story of Anna is an example of how even the most severely ill patient can recover fully with the support of holistic medical

  14. Clinical holistic medicine: the case story of Anna. I. Long-term effect of childhood sexual abuse and incest with a treatment approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventegodt, Søren; Clausen, Birgitte; Merrick, Joav

    2006-02-02

    The nervous breakdown of a 22-year-old, young woman was caused by severe sexual abuse in childhood, which was repressed over many years. During therapy, the patient accumulated resources to start the painful integration of these old traumas. Using holistic existential therapy in accordance with the life mission theory and the holistic process theory of healing, she finally was able to confront her old traumas and heal her existence. She seemingly recovered completely (including regaining full emotional range) through holistic existential therapy, individually and in a group. The therapy took 18 months and more than 100 hours of intensive therapy. In the beginning of the therapy, the issues were her physical and mental health; in the middle of the therapy, the central issue was her purpose of life and her love life; and at the conclusion of the therapy, the issue was gender and sexuality. The strategy was to build up her strength for several months, mobilizing hidden resources and motivation for living, before the old traumas could be confronted and integrated. The therapy was based on quality of life philosophy, on the life mission theory, the theory of ego, the theory of talent, the theory of the evil side of man, the theory of human character, and the holistic process theory of healing. The clinical procedures included conversation, philosophical training, group therapeutic tools, extended use of therapeutic touch, holistic pelvic examination, and acceptance through touch was used to integrate the early traumas bound to the pelvis and scar tissue in the sexual organs. She was processed according to 10 levels of the advanced toolbox for holistic medicine and the general plan for clinical holistic psychiatry. The emotional steps she went through are well described by the scale of existential responsibility. The case story of Anna is an example of how even the most severely ill patient can recover fully with the support of holistic medical treatment, making her feel

  15. Clinical Holistic Medicine: The Case Story of Anna. I. Long-Term Effect of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Incest with a Treatment Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventegodt, Søren; Clausen, Birgitte; Merrick, Joav

    2006-01-01

    The nervous breakdown of a 22-year-old, young woman was caused by severe sexual abuse in childhood, which was repressed over many years. During therapy, the patient accumulated resources to start the painful integration of these old traumas. Using holistic existential therapy in accordance with the life mission theory and the holistic process theory of healing, she finally was able to confront her old traumas and heal her existence. She seemingly recovered completely (including regaining full emotional range) through holistic existential therapy, individually and in a group. The therapy took 18 months and more than 100 hours of intensive therapy. In the beginning of the therapy, the issues were her physical and mental health; in the middle of the therapy, the central issue was her purpose of life and her love life; and at the conclusion of the therapy, the issue was gender and sexuality. The strategy was to build up her strength for several months, mobilizing hidden resources and motivation for living, before the old traumas could be confronted and integrated. The therapy was based on quality of life philosophy, on the life mission theory, the theory of ego, the theory of talent, the theory of the evil side of man, the theory of human character, and the holistic process theory of healing. The clinical procedures included conversation, philosophical training, group therapeutic tools, extended use of therapeutic touch, holistic pelvic examination, and acceptance through touch was used to integrate the early traumas bound to the pelvis and scar tissue in the sexual organs. She was processed according to 10 levels of the advanced toolbox for holistic medicine and the general plan for clinical holistic psychiatry. The emotional steps she went through are well described by the scale of existential responsibility. The case story of Anna is an example of how even the most severely ill patient can recover fully with the support of holistic medical treatment, making her feel

  16. Neuromuscular control of wingbeat kinematics in Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altshuler, Douglas L; Welch, Kenneth C; Cho, Brian H; Welch, Danny B; Lin, Amy F; Dickson, William B; Dickinson, Michael H

    2010-07-15

    Hummingbirds can maintain the highest wingbeat frequencies of any flying vertebrate - a feat accomplished by the large pectoral muscles that power the wing strokes. An unusual feature of these muscles is that they are activated by one or a few spikes per cycle as revealed by electromyogram recordings (EMGs). The relatively simple nature of this activation pattern provides an opportunity to understand how motor units are recruited to modulate limb kinematics. Hummingbirds made to fly in low-density air responded by moderately increasing wingbeat frequency and substantially increasing the wing stroke amplitude as compared with flight in normal air. There was little change in the number of spikes per EMG burst in the pectoralis major muscle between flight in normal and low-density heliox (mean=1.4 spikes cycle(-1)). However the spike amplitude, which we take to be an indication of the number of active motor units, increased in concert with the wing stroke amplitude, 1.7 times the value in air. We also challenged the hummingbirds using transient load lifting to elicit maximum burst performance. During maximum load lifting, both wing stroke amplitude and wingbeat frequency increased substantially above those values during hovering flight. The number of spikes per EMG burst increased to a mean of 3.3 per cycle, and the maximum spike amplitude increased to approximately 1.6 times those values during flight in heliox. These results suggest that hummingbirds recruit additional motor units (spatial recruitment) to regulate wing stroke amplitude but that temporal recruitment is also required to maintain maximum stroke amplitude at the highest wingbeat frequencies.

  17. Physic nut seed productivity (Jatropha curcas L.), in rainy season, under different drip irrigation levels and potassium dosages; Produtividade de sementes de pinhao-manso (Jatropha curcas L.), da estacao chuvosa, submetido a diferentes laminas de irrigacao e adubacao potassica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deus, Fabio Ponciano de; Faria, Manoel Alves de; Portela, Jaqueline Damyane [Universidade Federal de Lavras (DEG/UFLA), Lavras, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia], E-mail: fpdagricola@yahoo.com.br; Oliveira, Ednaldo Liberato de [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica (CEFET), Januaria, MG (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The aim of this research was to value the Physic nut seed productivity, in rainy season, under different drip irrigation levels and potassium dosages, for 2008, 2009 and for the accumulated of theses years, in Lavras - MG, Brazil. The experimental design was the one of randomized blocks, in split plot design, with four replicates. The treatment levels were four water levels (plots) and four potassium dosages (subplots). The irrigation was applied based on the amount estimated by the water balance considering the class A pan evaporation (ECA) and rain depths - L{sub 0} (non irrigated), L{sub 40}, L{sub 80} and L{sub 120} (40, 80 and 120% of the balance respectively). The potassium dosages were K{sub 30}, K{sub 60}, K{sub 90} and K{sub 120} (30, 60, 90 and 120 kg.ha{sup -1} respectively). It was used the drip irrigation system. It was used the Sisvar 4.0 software, for analysis of variance and the Tukey test at 5% level of probability to compare the means. However, it was possible to observe in rainy season, that the irrigation has not changed the Physic nut seed productivity. The potassium level 120 kg.ha{sup -1} in all significant situations was the treatment with higher productivity. (author)

  18. Diseño del manual de políticas y procedimientos para el manejo de inventario y su influencia en la gestión de los procesos de compra, almacenaje y venta de la empresa comercial Asisco S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Arreaga Cotrina, Desireé Cristina; Ramírez Muñoz, Daisy Katherine

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación en la empresa comercial Asisco S.A., analiza y evalúa los actuales procesos de compra, almacenaje y venta, por lo que se observa que no se ha desarrollado ni formalizado de manera eficiente las medidas organizativas que le permitan tener una estructura de control interno bien definida, garantizando el adecuado uso y manejo del inventario de mercancías, así como de los procesos relacionados. Actualmente se reflejan las siguientes deficiencias: centralizació...

  19. Las redes sociales como nuevo canal de ventas en los hoteles en España. Un estudio del caso en la empresa hotelera independiente de cuatro estrellas en la ciudad de Barcelona y Madrid Una Propuesta de Modelo Social PGRSC.

    OpenAIRE

    Cascales García, Gemma

    2016-01-01

    Tesis Doctoral leída en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid en 2015. Director de la Tesis: Javier De Esteban Curiel. Codigirido por Laura Fuentes Moraleda Las empresas de alojamiento están viviendo un escenario complejo donde los canales tradicionales de ventas están modificando su forma de trabajar y han emergido nuevos intermediarios que utilizan las nuevas tecnologías para llegar hasta el cliente final y que cobran excesivos costes de intermediación. En este nuevo escenario los hot...

  20. Estudio de factibilidad para la creación de una empresa de asesoría y capacitación en gestión de ventas para las empresas comercializadoras de tecnología en la ciudad de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Orbe Aguirre, Tania Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    La idea de la creación de una empresa de capacitación en gestión en ventas enfocado a las empresas comercializadoras de tecnología en el Norte de Quito, nace de la importancia y del derecho que toda persona tiene para tener una formación y desarrollo cognoscitivo y profesional dentro del mercado laboral. Actualmente el mundo ha cambiado su forma de hacer negocios, por lo que las empresas comerciales deberían orientar y concentrar sus esfuerzos en dar solución a las necesidades y problema...

  1. Diseño y fabricación de un modelo de exhibición que permita la adecuada disposición del producto en el punto de venta, mediante la implementación de principios tecnológicos para la reactivación del mercado ferretero tradicional en la ciudad de Medellín

    OpenAIRE

    Escobar Cortes, Carolina; Gómez Medina, Diana Andrea; Castaño Hincapié, Gloria Eugenia

    2008-01-01

    Actualmente las ferreterías de barrio no cuentan con un sistema llamativo de exhibición, ya que son negocios de tradición y no se le ha dado la importancia a este tema; en este momento con la entrada de grandes superficies al País se han disminuido las ventas en estos establecimientos ya que estos ofrecen servicios que son atractivos para los clientes; es por esto que las ferreterías deben buscar la manera de captar nuevos clientes y mantener los que actualmente tienen, implementando nuevas e...

  2. Las nuevas tecnologías : un enfoque real sobre su aplicación en la creación de comunidades virtuales basadas en la fidelización de clientes a través de estrategias de venta personalizada

    OpenAIRE

    Cutropía Fernández, Carlo

    2002-01-01

    Esta tesis doctoral tiene una finalidad no sólo teórica, de investigación relativa a estrategias de venta personalizada mediante la creación de comunidades virtuales aplicando para ello nuevas tecnologías, sino también práctica, puesto que los resultados de la citada investigación se han desarrollado de hecho y están funcionando con éxito en una comunidad virtual de aproximadamente dieciséis mil personas y el presente trabajose ocupa de presentar y analizar dichos resultados. Este doble enfoq...

  3. An appreciation of Anna Mani

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lawrence

    time she was twelve, all the books in English. On her eighth birthday she ... insisted that lack of a Ph.D. degree made little difference in her life. She left for ... tailed knowledge of solar fluxes and wind patterns in different re- gions of India, and it ...

  4. Dostojevski bez nakipi / Anna Moleva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moleva, Anna

    2002-01-01

    Fjodor Dostojevski romaani "Idioot" järgi filmitud 10-osalise samanimelise Venemaa draamaseriaali valmimisest : režissöör Vladimir Bortko. Oma arvamust avaldavad produtsent Valeri Todorovski, näitlejad Oleg Basilashvili, Vladimir Mashkov, Jevgeni Mironov, Andrei Smirnov, Mihhail Bojarski, Maria Kisseljova, Sasha Lazarev

  5. Muzei rabotajet otlitshno! / Anna Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Peterburi Vene Muuseumi Kohtla-Järve virtuaalse filiaali "Vene muuseum : Virtuaalne filiaal" tööst rääkis oma ettekandes rahvusvahelisel muuseumide ümarlaual Peterburis filiaali juhataja Nadezhda Arikainen

  6. Peizazh v oprave / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Vene Draamateatri galerii avas teatri remondi tõttu hooaja juveelikeskuses Bindes Tartu mnt. 10. Maalinäitusel "Peizazh" osaleb 15 eesti kunstnikku. Nendest on mainitud V. Laur, V. Inkatov, S. Semerikov, A. Strahhov, E. Zentshik ja M. Leis. Avamisel näitas moekunstnik D. Denissova oma uut suvekollektsiooni

  7. Karikatura i meditatsija / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2003-01-01

    Aserbaidžaani kunstniku Rashid Sherifi tööde näitus Tallinnas Kodulinna Majas. Enne seda eksponeeriti Sherifi töid Ugala teatris, kus ta oli näidendi "Dekameron" külaliskunstnikuks. Kunstnik oma töödest

  8. Zdorovje - nash ressurss / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2005-01-01

    Ülemaailmse Tervishoiuorganisatsiooni (WHO) andmetel on keskmine eluiga Eestis tunduvalt lühem kui teistes EL-i riikides. Samuti on Eesti elanike tervis võrreldes teiste EL-i riikide elanike tervisega tunduvalt halvem. WHO toetusel toimunud tervisefoorumist Eestis. Diagramm

  9. Podcast - Interview with Anna Sfard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    During the 14th - 17th of November PhD Students and researchers from e-learning lab attended a PhD course called "Perspectives on Identity in Learning and Education Research". This course was co-organised by three local doctoral schools; The International Doctoral school of Technology and Science...

  10. Before-after, control-impact analysis of evidence for the impacts of water level on Walleye, Northern Pike and Yellow Perch in lakes of the Rainy-Namakan complex (MN, USA and ON, CA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James H Larson

    Full Text Available Water level (WL fluctuations in lakes influence many aspects of ecosystem processes. Concern about the potential impact of WL fluctuations on fisheries was one of the factors that motivated the decision in 2000 to alter the management of WL in the Rainy-Namakan reservoir complex (on the border between the U.S. state of Minnesota and the Canadian province of Ontario. We used a Before-After, Control-Impact (BACI framework to identify potential impacts of the change in WL management to Walleye, Northern Pike and Yellow Perch catch per unit effort (CPUE. The CPUE of these species from 1990-1999 and from 2005-2014 were compared in four impact lakes (Lake Kabetogama, Namakan Lake, Rainy Lake and Sand Point Lake and two control lakes (Lake of the Woods and Lake Vermilion using a simple Bayesian model. Changes in fish CPUE in the impact lakes were often similar to changes that occurred in at least one control lake. The only change that was not similar to changes in control lakes was an increase of Yellow Perch in Lake Kabetogama. The two control lakes often differed substantially from each other, such that if only one had been available our conclusions about the role of WL management on fisheries would be very different. In general, identifying cause-and-effect relationships in observational field data is very difficult, and the BACI analysis used here does not specify a causative mechanism, so co-occurring environmental and management changes may obscure the effect of WL management.

  11. La imagen: una venta en silencio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold Silva Guerra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los aspectos más importantes y que más gravita en el éxito financiero de una empresa es su imagen. Por eso, el manejo de la misma, es trascendental, porque no solo se debe pretender que sea competitiva, sino que armonice con la responsabilidad social y ambiental del todo el entorno, y que siempre sea recordada por los clientes, con gratitud y que permanezca en el universo de suspreferencias. Para ello, deben comulgar tantas cosas positivas que van desde el buen servicio al cliente, pasando por la calidad de productos que se ofrecen, hasta el impacto que cause en los compradores los símbolos cuidadosamente elegidos los cuales contribuyan a una fijación mental positiva y duradera.Palabras clave: Imagen; identidad; reputación; cliente.The image: a sale in silenceAbstrac One of the most important aspects, which supports the financial success of a company, is its image. Therefore, the management of it, is transcendental, as it does not only pretend to be competitive, but also that harmonize with the social and environmental responsibility of the whole surroundings, and that it always will be remembered by customers, with gratitude and remain in the universe of their preferences. for that many positive things must coincide, ranging from good customer service, to the quality of products offered, to the impact cause on the buyers the carefully chosen symbols, which contribute to a positive and lasting mental fixation.Keywords: Image; identity; reputation; customer.

  12. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella in chicken carcasses at retail in 15 Brazilian cities Prevalencia y resistencia a los antimicrobianos de Salmonella en pollos congelados de venta al por menor en 15 ciudades del Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Augusto Nunes Medeiros

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella spp. in frozen chicken carcasses at retail from 15 Brazilian cities. METHODS: A descriptive study of data from the Brazilian National Program for Monitoring the Prevalence of Bacterial Resistance in Chicken (PREBAF was conducted from September 2004 to July 2006. The program collected chicken carcasses in 15 state capitals of Brazil in the five geographic regions of the country. Standardized methodologies were used to isolate Salmonella­spp. and identify serotypes. The minimal inhibitory concentration method was used to test resistance to 18 antimicrobials. RESULTS: In 2 679 carcasses examined, the prevalence of Salmonella spp. was 2.7% (range 0.0%-8.9%. São Paulo State produced 50.6% of positive samples. Eighteen serotypes were identified. The most frequently occurring were Salmonella Enteritidis (48.8%, Salmonella Infantis (7.6%, Salmonella Typhimurium (7.2%, and Salmonella Heidelberg (6.4%. All 250 strains tested were resistant to one or more antibiotics, and 133 (53.2% were multidrug resistant (≥ 3 classes. S. Heidelberg was resistant to ceftriaxone (75.0% and to ceftiofur(43.8%. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of Salmonella spp. found in this study was relatively low. However, there were a high proportion of multidrug-resistant strains, including third-generation cephalosporins used to treat invasive salmonellosis. The results confirm the relevanceof the PREBAF program. It is recommended that PREBAF be improved, including a timely data analysis. A review of permitted limits for Salmonella spp. in retail chicken in Brazil is also needed.OBJETIVO: Describir la prevalencia y la resistencia a los antibióticos de Salmonella spp. en canales de pollo congeladas de venta al por menor en 15 ciudades del Brasil. MÉTODOS: Entre septiembre del 2004 y julio del 2006 se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo de los datos del Programa Nacional Brasileño de Vigilancia de la

  13. Estimation of the seismic hazards of the possible rupture of the Pastores and Venta de Bravo faults in the Acambay grabens, state of Mexico, Mexico, using the Empirical Green's Function Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishizawa, O. A.; Lermo, J.; Aguirre, J.

    2003-04-01

    Even though the majority of earthquakes in Mexico and in the world are in direct relation with the movement of tectonic plates, there are less frequent tremors which take place in the continents, within the plates. This is the case with the earthquakes which occur in Mexico along the Neovolcanic Axis. Despite the fact that these quakes in the Neovolcanic Axis are, in general, of small magnitude, there are occassional events of greater magnitude. For instance, in 1912, an earthquake with an approximate magnitude of M=6.9 took place in Acambay, state of Mexico, 80 km. from Mexico City. The reported damage areas for these earthquakes suggest that they were originated in surface faults probably associated with tensional geological structures which exist in the area (grabens). This region stretches along 400 km. between the cities of Mexico and Guadalajara. The faults are normal, extending tens of kilometers, with a dip of up to 80o and vertical differences of several hundred meters. The faults in this part of the country can be classified as "active" or "potentially active", with an important seismic expression. The faulting, volcanism and seismicity manifested in the region studied constitute geological effects of the more recent tectonic activity of the central part of Mexico. The present activity of these faults represent the major part of the natural hazards (geological hazards) for this region, taking account of its high demographic density make it a zone of great vulnerability. We will be primarily interested in two of the faults which constitute the fault system of the Acambay graben, eastern sector of the Mexican Neovolcanic Axis, at approximately 80 km. northwest of Mexico City: the Pastores fault and the Venta de Bravo fault system. We will estimate the resultant seismic movement at the University campus (CU) station, in Mexico DF, utilizing the record of the main earthquake (M=4.0) of Tlaxcoapan, Hgo., of March 18 1998 and formulating the scenario of the

  14. Desempenho de seis híbridos de repolho na época chuvosa de Areia-PB Performance of six cabbage hybrids during the rainy season of Areia-PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademar P. de Oliveira

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o comportamento dos seis híbridos de repolho Midore, Rotan, Saikô, Fuyu, Matsukaze e Roxo em condições chuvosas. O ensaio foi conduzido no Centro de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, em Areia-PB, no período de abril a julho de 1996 em Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados, testando-se seis híbridos em quatro repetições, em parcelas com 20 plantas úteis, espaçadas de 0,80 m entre fileiras e 0,40 m entre plantas. Avaliaram-se as características: produtividade, peso médio, índice de formato e compacidade de cabeça, além de tolerância à podridão-negra. Os resultados obtidos indicaram o híbrido Midore, como opção de cultivo para a época chuvosa em Areia, considerando-se o peso médio de 1,314 kg, produtividade de 30,62 t/ha, formato arredondado da cabeça, compacidade e alta tolerância à podridão-negra, quando comparado com a performance do Matsukaze, considerado padrão comercial em Areia.The objective of the work was to evaluate the behaviour of six cabbage hybrids: Midore, Rotan, Saikô, Fuyu, Matsukaze and Roxo in rainy conditions. The study was conducted in the Center of Agrarian Sciences of the Federal University of Paraíba, in Areia-PB, on a Red-yellow Latossoil, between the period of April to July 1996. The experiment was laid out in a randomised block design, with six treatments and four repetitions, in plots of 20 analyseable plants, spaced 0.80 m between rows and 0.40 m between plants. Productivity, medium head weight, format index, head compactness, and tolerance to black rot were evaluated. The results obtained indicated the hybrid Midore as an option for cultivation in the rainy season in Areia, when considering a productivity of 30.62 t/ha, medium weight of 1.314 kg, compact and rounded head format, and high tolerance to black rot, compared to the performance of Matsukaze, considered commercial

  15. Conformance to Generic Letter 83-28, Items 3.1.3 and 3.2.3, Beaver Valley, Unit No. 1, North Anna, Unit Nos. 1 and 2, Surry Unit Nos. 1 and 2 (Docket Nos. 50-334, 50-338, 50-339, 50-280, and 50-281)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haroldsen, R.

    1985-09-01

    This report provides a review of the submittals for Beaver Valley, Unit No. 1, North Anna, Unit Nos. 1 and 2, and Surry, Unit Nos. 1 and 2, for conformance to Generic Letter 83-28, Items 3.1.3 and 3.2.3. The specific plants selected were reviewed as a group because of similarity in type and applicability of review items

  16. “L’arte differente: MOCAK al MAXXI”. Mostra a cura di Anna Maria Potocka, Roma, MAXXI - Museo nazionale delle arti del XXI secolo, 7 dicembre 2016 – 22 gennaio 2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Smigiel

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a review of the exhibition entitled ”L’arte differente: MOCAK al MAXXI” hosted in the National Museum of 21st Century Arts in Rome between the 7th December 2016 and the 22nd January 2017. This art event is a part of the big MAXXI project, titled “Expanding the Horizon”. The aim is to present the collections from diverse institutions in order to give an opportunity to Italian and international visitors to come into direct contact with different cultural and artistic realities. The art exhibition is dedicated to the MOCAK collection (Museum of Contemporary Art in Krakow, which includes numerous works that show the history and actual status of contemporary art in Poland. As pointed out by the curator of the event and the Director of MOCAK, Anna Maria Potocka, it is not just a collection of works of art but rather of ideas.  This review describes several exhibited works and their accurate selection that reflects the curatorial strategy of the Cracovian museum.

  17. Cyathostomin larvae: presence on Brachiaria humidicola grass during the rainy and dry seasons of Brazil Larvas de ciatostomíneos: disponibilidade em gramínea Brachiaria humidicola nas estações chuvosa e seca do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Navarro dos Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The presence of cyathostomin larvae is directly associated to climatic conditions of each region. This study aimed to evaluate the ecology of infective larvae on Brachiaria humidicola during the dry and rainy seasons from October 2007 to September 2008 in a tropical region, Rio de Janeiro state, southeastern Brazil. Stools were collected from the rectum of horses naturally infected with cyathostomins at the beginning of the rainy season (October to March and dry season (April to September. They were divided into four samples of 500 g and deposited on a grass patch of B. humidicola. Seven days later and every 15 days thereafter samples of feces and grass were collected and processed by the Baermann technique. The mean number of larvae recovered from the grass varied according to the season, with greater recovery of larvae during the peak of the dry season (14,700 L3.kg-¹ DM. There was a statistically significant difference between L3 recovered from feces and grass, but not between L3 recovered from the grass base and apex. These results show that the region’s climate favors the development and survival of infective cyathostomin larvae throughout the year, with a greater number of larvae during the dry season.A disponibilidade de larvas de ciatostomíneos está diretamente relacionada com as condições climáticas de cada região. Para avaliar o comportamento das larvas infectantes nos períodos seco e chuvoso em gramínea Brachiaria humidicola, realizou-se um estudo, no período de outubro/2007 a setembro/2008, na região da Baixada Fluminense, RJ, de clima tropical. Amostras de fezes foram coletadas diretamente do reto de equinos naturalmente infectados por ciatostomíneos, no início do período chuvoso (outubro a março e seco (abril a setembro, divididas em quatro amostras de 500 g e depositadas em um canteiro formado por gramínea B. humidicola. Sete dias após o depósito e, posteriormente, a cada 15 dias, amostras de fezes e gram

  18. Evaluation of Proctophyllodes huitzilopochtlii on feathers from Anna’s (Calypte anna) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri) Hummingbirds: Prevalence assessment and imaging analysis using light and tabletop scanning electron microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamasaki, Youki K.; Graves, Emily E.; Kysar, Patricia E.; Straub, Mary H.

    2018-01-01

    Proctophyllodes huitzilopochtlii Atyeo & Braasch 1966 (Acariformes: Astigmata: Proctophyllodidae), a feather mite, was found on feathers collected from five hummingbird species in California. This mite has not been previously documented on feathers from Anna’s (Calypte anna [Lesson 1829]) or Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri [Bourcier & Mulsant 1846]) Hummingbirds. A total of 753 hummingbirds were evaluated for the presence of mites by species (Allen’s n = 112; Anna’s n = 500; Black-chinned n = 122; Rufous n = 18; Calliope n = 1), sex (males n = 421; females n = 329; 3 unidentified), and age (juvenile n = 199; after-hatch-year n = 549; 5 unidentified). Of these 753 hummingbirds evaluated, mites were present on the rectrices of 40.9% of the birds. Significantly more Anna’s Hummingbirds were positive for rectricial mites (59.2%) compared with 8.2% of Black-chinned, 0.9% of Allen’s, 5.6% of Rufous Hummingbirds, and 0% for Calliope (p-value hummingbird species, male hummingbirds (44.9%) had a higher prevalence of rectricial mites compared to female hummingbirds (36.2%; p-value = 0.004), while juvenile hummingbirds (46.2%) had a non-significantly higher prevalence compared to after-hatch-year hummingbirds (39.0%; p-value = 0.089). On average, the percentage of the long axis of the rachis occupied by mites for the outer rectrices (R4 and R5) was 19%, compared to 11% for inner rectrices (R1 and R2), a significant difference (p-value = hummingbird–feather mite relationship is not well understood, but the specialized TSEM technique may be especially useful in examining natural positioning and developmental aspects of the mites since it allows in situ feather examination of live mites. PMID:29444089

  19. Fontes de energia em suplementos múltiplos para novilhos em pastejo durante o período das águas Energy sources in multiple supplements for steers on pasture during rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Lopes do Nascimento

    2010-04-01

    crossbred Holstein × Zebu steers grazing Brachiara decumbens Stapf. in the rainy season. The experimental area was constituted of five 2 ha paddocks with dry matter average avaibility of 5,853.0 kg/ha. It was used 24 castrated crossbread steers aproximately at the age of 27 months and initial live weight of 377.03 ± 7.28 kg. It was given to each animal one of the following suplements: mineral mixture ad libitum, sorghum grain or corn grain as starch energy sources, and soybean hulls or wheat bran as fibrous energy sources. For the energy sources, the following were added: mineral mixture, cotton seed meal and urea to compose suplements with 33% crude protein based on dry matter given at 1.0 kg/animal/day proportion. For the animals under energetic source suplementation, the daily average gain was 33.4% higher and those that consumed suplement with sorghum grain were the ones that showed higher daily average grain and higher pasture nutrients intake regarded to the animals that consumed corn grain. The fiber total aparent digestibilidty in neutral detergent corrected for ashes and protein was not affected by the suplementation, regardless to the energy source. Urinary ureic nitrogen level was lower in animals with no suplementation. Multiple suplements provided in quantity equal to 0.3% of the live weight promote weight gain higher to that obtained with mineral mixture in finishing crosbread steers in the rainy season. Fibrous or starch source formulated suplements provide a similar yield performance.

  20. Pesticide regulation, utilization, and retailers' selling practices in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies: current situation and needed changes Regulación, utilización y prácticas de venta minorista de los pesticidas en Trinidad y Tobago, Indias Occidentales: situación actual y cambios necesarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lexley M. Pinto Pereira

    2007-08-01

    critical evaluation of legislation regarding pesticide imports and use, and partnership with the Rotterdam Convention are recommended for Trinidad and Tobago. A strengthened Poisons Information Centre can provide educational initiatives and information on early management of pesticide exposure.OBJETIVO: Analizar la regulación de los pesticidas en Trinidad y Tobago y verificar la utilización y las prácticas de venta minorista de pesticidas en Trinidad, la mayor de las dos islas que componen la República de Trinidad y Tobago. MÉTODOS: Entre febrero y junio de 2005 se realizó una encuesta a los vendedores minoristas de sustancias químicas de Trinidad sobre los pesticidas más frecuentemente vendidos, así como sobre sus conocimientos y las prácticas de venta de pesticidas. La Junta de Control de Venenos y Sustancias Tóxicas (JCVST del Ministerio de Salud informó sobre la legislación vigente. RESULTADOS: De 107 tiendas autorizadas que comerciaban activamente con pesticidas, 97 participaron en este estudio (tasa de respuesta de 91%. Solo 21 (2,9% de los 720 productos registrados de cuatro clases de sustancias se utilizan con frecuencia. Los productos paraquat, metomil y alfacipermetrina (cuyos nombres comerciales respectivos son Gramoxone, Lannate y Fastac pertenecientes a las clases de riego I y II de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS y la isopropilamina de glifosato (Swiper, Clase U son los pesticidas más frecuentemente adquiridos. Las tiendas de mascotas constituyen 39,2% (38 unidades de las tiendas minoristas que participaron en el estudio. No hay regulaciones que normen la venta de pesticidas a los agricultores y los niños pueden comprarlos. Los recursos humanos y técnicos inadecuados hacen inefectivos los controles legislativos y las medidas disciplinarias contra los infractores son débiles. Se emplean considerables recursos gubernamentales en procedimientos legislativos y en la aprobación de productos de muy baja (2,9% tasa de utilización, lo que

  1. VARIABLE PRODUCTION COSTS VERSUS SALES PRICES OF COFFEE IN THE SECOND YEAR OF GROWTH VARIABLES DE LOS COSTOS DE PRODUCCIÓN VERSUS PRECIO DE VENTA DEL CULTIVO DEL CAFÉ EN EL SEGUNDO AÑO DE LABRANZA VARIÁVEIS DOS CUSTOS DE PRODUÇÃO VERSUS PREÇO DE VENDA DA CULTURA DO CAFÉ NO SEGUNDO ANO DA LAVOURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Lemos Duarte

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The second year of co ee growth is characterized by replanting to replace plants that did not developsatisfactorily. The objective of this study was to investigate how this activity a ected the sales prices. TheAgrianual, the yearbook of Brazilian agriculture, provided the costs and sales prices used for the period1999 to 2008. For cost variables the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (Lilliefors test was applied to verify normality ofthe data. Then the Spearman correlation coe icient and Pearson correlation coe icient were calculated toanalyze whether they were correlated linearly. Further the coe icient of determination was calculated, thatdefines how much of a cost variable is explained by the variable sales price.  Finally, a linear regressionequation verified the dependence between variables, together with a standard error of estimate. Resultsshowed that in the second year of growth with replanting and the twelve cost variables a similar behavior could be drawn for nine cost variables with the sales price. Therefore inputs may be given to the ruralproducer for budget planning and a method for cost analyses.El segundo año de la labranza del café está marcado por su replantación en sustitución a las plantas que tuvieron algún problema de desarrollo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar de qué forma se realizó esecomportamiento, en el cultivo en cuestión, en relación al precio de venta. Para eso, se utilizaron los datosdel Agrianual, el anuario de la agricultura brasileña, de costos y precios de venta del periodo de 1999 a2008. Fue aplicado en las variables de costos el test de Kolmogorov-smirnov (Lilliefors para verificar lanormalidad de los datos. Posteriormente, se calculó el coeficiente de correlación de  Spearman y elcoeficiente de correlación de  Pearson, para analizar si ellos estaban correlacionados linealmente. Sefinalizó con el cálculo del coeficiente de determinación, que define cuanto de una variable de costos seexplica

  2. Desempenho, variáveis fisiológicas e comportamento de bezerros mantidos em diferentes instalações: época chuvosa Performance, physiological and behavioral measurements of dairy calves in different housing systems: rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel de Noronha Figueiredo Vieira da Cunha

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o desempenho, o conforto térmico e o comportamento de bezerros mestiços Holandês ´ Zebu mantidos em abrigos móveis, sob sombrites ou a céu aberto durante a estação chuvosa do ano (dezembro a abril. Foram utilizados 24 bezerros mestiços do nascimento aos 70 dias de idade, distribuídos em blocos casualizados, nas seguintes instalações: abrigos móveis, telas de polipropileno e a céu aberto. Os animais mantidos a céu aberto apresentaram, à tarde, maior temperatura retal e maior frequência respiratória. Não foi observada influência dos tipos de instalação sobre as variáveis relacionadas ao comportamento, entretanto, os bezerros mantidos em abrigos móveis passaram a maior parte do tempo do lado de fora das instalações. As instalações não afetaram o desempenho dos animais. Nos três tipos de instalação, no período da tarde, os bezerros elevaram a frequência respiratória acima da faixa considerada fisiologicamente normal, o que caracteriza condição de desconforto térmico. Bezerros permanecem a maior parte do tempo do lado de fora dos abrigos móveis, mesmo nos horários de radiação solar mais intensa ou durante as horas de chuva. Bezerros mantidos em abrigos individuais, sob sombrites ou a céu aberto apresentam desempenhos semelhantes.The objective of this trial was to evaluate performance, thermal comfort and behavior of crossbred Holstein x Zebu dairy calves kept in different housing systems during the rainy season (December to April. Twenty-four calves were raised from birth to 70 days of age in one of the following housing systems: hutches; shadecloth; or no shelter. Rectal temperature and respiratory rate measurements were taken twice a day (8:00 AM and 3:00 PM when calves were 1, 4 and 9 weeks old. Respiratory rate was measured counting the number of respiratory movements per minute and rectal temperatures were taken with clinical thermometers. Behavior evaluation was done by visual

  3. Supplementation for steers on pasture during the rainy period: intake, digestibility and ruminal parameters Suplementação para bovinos em pastejo no período das águas: consumo, digestibilidade e parâmetros ruminais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darcilene Maria Figueiredo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Supplements with different protein sources were evaluated during the rainy seasons. The supplements were supplied in base of 500g per day. The following treatments were used: soybean meal and wheat bran; wheat bran and urea; cottonseed meal (38 % crude protein; wheat bran, cottonseed meal and urea; and the control. The nutritional parameters were evaluated in five animals with initial average weight and age of 219kg and 14 months respectively, fistulated in the esophagus and in the rumen, distributed in five paddocks of 0.3 hectares in a 5 × 5, incomplete latin square design. There was no effect of supplementation or protein sources over the nutrients intake or dry matter intake from pasture. The dry matter and neutral detergent fiber digestibility obtained in cottonseed meal containing 38% crude protein was inferior to others. There was no effect in the treatments under the pH, which average value was 6.41. The higher ruminal concentration of ammonia was to treatment with wheat bran and urea, that contained the highest value of urea when compared to the other treatments. There was no negative effect of supplementation (500g per day or protein sources the nutritional parameters evaluated.Objetivou-se avaliar suplementos formulados com diferentes fontes de proteína fornecidos a bovinos no período das águas, na quantidade de 500g/dia. Utilizaram-se as seguintes matérias primas na formulação dos suplementos: farelo de soja e farelo de trigo; farelo de trigo e ureia; farelo de algodão (38 % de proteína bruta; farelo de trigo, farelo de algodão e ureia; e o testemunha (sal mineral. As variáveis nutricionais foram avaliadas em cinco animais com idade e peso médios iniciais de 14 meses e 219kg, fistulados no esôfago e no rúmen, distribuídos em cinco piquetes de 0,3 hectares, com utilização do delineamento em quadrado latino 5x5 incompleto. Não houve efeito da suplementação ou das fontes de proteína sobre o consumo de nutrientes ou

  4. Putin predlozhil Nikite rabotu / Anna Skvortsova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skvortsova, Anna

    2001-01-01

    Moskva XXIII rahvusvahelise filmifestivali külaliseks olnud Hollywoodi kuulsused Jack Nicholson, Sean Penn ja mitmed teised tuntud vene ja välismaa filmiinimesed kohtusid Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putiniga Nikita Mihhalkovi suvilas

  5. VITSH vlijajet na moral / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Vestlusest Eesti Seksuaaltervise Liidu noorte reproduktiivtervise alase nõustamise ja sugulisel teel levivate haiguste ennetamise programmi juhi Tiia Perteliga, kes osales hiljuti Torontos toimunud AIDSI-teemalisel rahvusvahelisel konverentsil

  6. Moekunstniku katsetused kinolinal / Anna-Liisa Soomann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomann, Anna-Liisa

    2007-01-01

    Taani moekunstniku Mads Nırgaardi filmidebüüt Kopenhaageni moenädalal. Film tutvustab kunstniku moekollektsiooni, kaasa teevad taani supermodellid Freja Beha ja Eddie Merz, muusika DJ Djuna Barnes'ilt

  7. Die Zitate in der Alexias Anna Komnenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diether Roderich REINSCH

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available   Diether  Roderich  Reinch Τα  παραθέματα   στην   Ἀλεξιάδα της  Άννας ΚομνηνήςΤα τελευταία χρόνια η μελέτη των παραθεμάτων έχει δείξει την ανάγκη απεμπλοκής από την απλή ένδειξη των φιλολογικών παραλλήλων στο υπόμνημα πηγών, όπως αυτό παρατίθεται στις κριτικές εκδόσεις βυζαντινών κειμένων. Η ανάλυση παραθεμάτων από τον Όμηρο και την Καινή Διαθήκη που χρησιμοποιούνται από την Άννα Κομνηνή στην Ἀλεξιάδα υποδεικνύει ότι η συγγραφεύς χειρίζεται ελεύθερα τις πηγές της διασκευάζοντας, παραφράζοντας και προσαρμόζοντάς τις ανάλογα με τις αφηγηματικές ανάγκες του κειμένου της. Οι αποκλίσεις, επομένως, από το αυθεντικό κείμενο δεν μαρτυρούν σύγχυση, αλλά συνειδητή επεξεργασία.

  8. SÄSI konkurss / Anna Roomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roomet, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Konkursist, auhinnatseremooniast ja ekspositsioonist Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis, žürii koosseis. Intervjuu eesti parima noore disaineri preemia SÄSI pälvinud Pavel Sidorenko ning väikese SÄSI saanud Björn Koobi, Ülle Jehe ja Igor Volkoviga

  9. Ljubov nebessnaja i zemnaja / Anna Moleva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moleva, Anna

    2002-01-01

    Venemaa teleseriaali "Vene amatsoonid" ("Russkije amazonki") võtteplatsil vastavad küsimustele režissöör Isaak Fridberg, näitlejad Leonid Jakubovitsh, Juozas Budraitis, Aleksei Krivtshenko ja Irina Rozanova

  10. Indiana protiv KGB / Anna Fedina, Pjotr Obraztsov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fedina, Anna

    2008-01-01

    Steven Spielbergi neljas Indiana Jones'i film Harrison Fordiga nimiosas "Indiana Jones ja kristallpealuu kuningriik" ("Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008

  11. Anna Wintour: The Truth behind the Bob

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kloeppel, Tara

    2011-01-01

    While her occupation, and the stereotypes associated with running a fashion magazine, may not initially seem to be worthy of scholastic attention, careful study of Wintour's influence reveals insight into the rhetorical tactics penetrating fashion culture in America, and perhaps more broadly, pop culture in America.

  12. Moda zajavljajet o sebe / Anna Korjakina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korjakina, Anna

    2005-01-01

    Balti Moeföderatsiooni organiseeritud Riia moenädalast, kus oma töid demonstreerisid Läti, Eesti, Leedu, Venemaa ja Prantsusmaa moeloojad. Eestist Oksana Tandit ja Triinu Pungits. Pikemalt Masha Tsigali kollektsioonist (Venemaa)

  13. Anna's Story of Life in Prison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boodle, Anna; Ellem, Kathy; Chenoweth, Lesley

    2014-01-01

    People with an intellectual disability in prison can be at increased risk of victimisation, segregation and isolation (Mullen ). Prison systems usually have very few resources to cater to this group's particular needs, and many people may re-enter the community with little or no rehabilitation, poor social connections, poor mental health and…

  14. Brodvei na gastroljah v Estonii / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2003-01-01

    26. apr. tähistab A. Ivashkevitshi stepptantsustuudio Duff-tap studio oma kümnendat tegevusaastat. Sel puhul on 26. ja 27. apr. Vene Draamateatris Jazz&Tapdance show, kuhu on kutsutud ka B. Duffy Ameerikast jt.

  15. Zhertvõ "Strastei" / Anna Fedina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fedina, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Mel Gibsoni mängufilmi "Kristuse kannatused" ("The Passion of Christ") seanssidel on saanud infarkti juba kaks vaatajat ning mõrva üles tunnistanud üks kurjategija. Kiirabi oli valves ka Iirimaa esilinastuse ajal. Südame atakke on juhtunud ka Lars von Trieri filmide näitamise ajal

  16. Ilvese aasta 2009 / Iivi Anna Masso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Masso, Iivi, 1967-

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kandideerimisest Euroopa Liidu Ülemkogu presidendi kohale, Eesti riigipea säravatest esinemistest välismaal, sõnavõttudest demokraatia, kodanikuühiskonna ja inimõiguste kaitsel, Eesti meedia kõrgendatud tähelepanust presidendi abikaasa tegemiste suhtes

  17. Trebujutsja Minin i Pozharski / Anna Hrustaljova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hrustaljova, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Vene filmifestival "Moskovskaja premjera" ja seal esile tõstetud filmid : "Shiza" ( režissöör Gulshad Omarova), "Pikk hüvastijätt" ("Dolgoje proshtshanije"), parima režissööri tiitli saanud Sergei Ursuljak)

  18. Aerial shaking performance of wet Anna's hummingbirds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega-Jimenez, Victor Manuel; Dudley, Robert

    2012-01-01

    External wetting poses problems of immediate heat loss and long-term pathogen growth for vertebrates. Beyond these risks, the locomotor ability of smaller animals, and particularly of fliers, may be impaired by water adhering to the body. Here, we report on the remarkable ability of hummingbirds to perform rapid shakes in order to expel water from their plumage even while in flight. Kinematic performance of aerial versus non-aerial shakes (i.e. those performed while perching) was compared. Oscillation frequencies of the head, body and tail were lower in aerial shakes. Tangential speeds and accelerations of the trunk and tail were roughly similar in aerial and non-aerial shakes, but values for head motions in air were twice as high when compared with shakes while perching. Azimuthal angular amplitudes for both aerial and non-aerial shakes reached values greater than 180° for the head, greater than 45° for the body trunk and slightly greater than 90° for the tail and wings. Using a feather on an oscillating disc to mimic shaking motions, we found that bending increased average speeds by up to 36 per cent and accelerations of the feather tip up to fourfold relative to a hypothetical rigid feather. Feather flexibility may help to enhance shedding of water and reduce body oscillations during shaking. PMID:22072447

  19. Atributos do Serviço de Transporte no Relacionamento Indústria-VarejoAttributes of Transport Service in Retail-Industry RelationshipAtributos del Servicio de Transporte en la Relación Industria-Ventas al por Menor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARTINS, Ricardo Silveira

    2011-06-01

    the supply chains. In the universe of 400 manufacturing companies located in the state of Minas Gerais, 101 were selected as they had a retail account for more than 60% of their sales, which was analyzed as to the desired constructs and attributed evaluation. In general, industrial shippers seem to minimize the importance of logistics in the retail service, giving the transport merely operational functions and not strategic ones. They fail to aggregate the value of logistics to their products and services. The results forwarded to specific management issues relevant such as the relationship between orders fulfillment and problems of internal processes, structure of distribution channels, logistics networks and decisions about to internalizing/outsourcing logistics services.RESUMENEn el segmento de la distribución, las actividades logísticas se perciben más fácilmente como generadoras de valor. Entre ellas, el transporte tiene gran significado. Así, este estudio tuvo por objetivo analizar la gestión del transporte en las empresas industriales que trabajan con ventas al por menor. La motivación de los estudios se debe a que, en la literatura hay evidencias de que, la forma de gestionar el transporte en términos de atributos del servicio es diferente según el cliente; como también en lo referente al formato de la demanda de servicios de transporte y sus especificidades para atender segmentos de la cadena de suministro. Entre 400 empresas industriales instaladas en el estado de Minas Gerais, se seleccionaron 101, cuyas ventas al por menor correspondían a más del 60% de las ventas, se realizaron análisis de los constructos deseados y evaluación de atributo. En general, los embarcadores industriales parecen minimizar la importancia de la logística en los servicios al por menor y atribuyen al transporte funciones meramente operacionales, o sea, no estratégicas. Por lo tanto, dejan de agregar el valor de la logística a sus productos y servicios. Los

  20. Influência da La Niña na estação chuvosa da região sudeste do Brasil Influence of La Niña in the rainy season of the southeast region of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosandro Boligon Minuzzi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Dados diários de 203 estações pluviométricas, localizadas na região Sudeste do Brasil (SEB, foram utilizados com o propósito de analisar estatisticamente a influência do fenômeno La Niña (LN, no comportamento trimestral da precipitação durante a estação chuvosa (EC. A série referente a data de início da estação chuvosa em anos de ocorrência do fenômeno climático, foi classificada, baseada no seu valor médio, máximo e mínimo. A análise das influências do LN no final da estação chuvosa, foi realizada mediante a adoção da técnica dos quantis, para nove áreas pré-definidas do SEB. A quantidade trimestral de precipitação, foi classificada e correlacionada com o Índice de Oscilação Sul (IOS e a temperatura da superfície do mar (TSM de quatro regiões do Pacífico Equatorial, com a aplicação dos desvios normalizados e correlações com 'defasagem', respectivamente. Concluiu-se que durante o LN, a estação chuvosa tende a se prolongar na área SP2. Porém, no contexto geral, o fenômeno climático não influenciou o início da estação chuvosa da região Sudeste do Brasil, enquanto, as anomalias expressivas de precipitação, observadas principalmente a partir do trimestre novembro-janeiro, pouco estiveram correlacionadas com o comportamento da TSM do Pacífico Equatorial e, ou, o IOS.Daily data from 203 pluviometric stations, located in the Southeast region of Brazil (SEB, were used in order to analyze, statistically, the influence of the La Niña (LN phenomenon, in the threemonthly rainfall regime during the rainy season (RS. The series related date at the beginning of the rainy station in years of occurrence of the climatic phenomenon, were classified, based on their medium, maximum and minimum value. The analysis of the influence of LN phenomena at the end of the rainy season was accomplished by using the quantis technique, for nine areas of SEB defined previously. The amount of threemonthly precipitation

  1. Anna Mouglalis kõikide vastu / Anna Mouglalis ; intervjueerinud Guillermo Espinosa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mouglalis, Anna

    2010-01-01

    Prantsuse moekunstniku Coco Chaneli ja vene helilooja Igor Stravinki armuloost rääkivas filmis "Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinski" mängib peaosa Chaneli moemaja modell ja reklaaminägu. Intervjuus endast ja oma rollidest

  2. Dietary protein level affects iridescent coloration in Anna's hummingbirds, Calypte anna

    OpenAIRE

    Meadows, Melissa G.; Roudybush, Thomas E.; McGraw, Kevin J.

    2012-01-01

    Many animal displays involve colorful ornamental traits that signal an individual's quality as a mate or rival. Brilliant iridescent ornaments are common, but little is currently known about their production cost and signaling value. One potential cost of colorful ornaments is the acquisition of limited dietary resources that may be involved, directly or indirectly, in their production. Protein, the primary component of bird feathers and of many nanostructural components of iridescent traits,...

  3. Plan de marketing para locales de venta de carne porcina

    OpenAIRE

    Córdoba, Federico Nicolás

    2016-01-01

    Tesis (maestría en dirección de negocios) -- Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas; Argentina, 2016 El presente documento tomará como referencia para la elaboración de un Plan de Marketing para la implementación de productos pre-elaborados en los locales pertenecientes a la empresa Cerdo de los Llanos S.A.P.E.M., radicada en la provincia de La Rioja, Argentina. Instalada ya desde el año 2012 como una de las mayores apuestas productivas de un Plan Económico Provin...

  4. Avaliação de genótipos de feijoeiro comum do grupo comercial carioca cultivados nas épocas das águas e do inverno em Uberlândia, Estado de Minas Gerais = Evaluations of common bean genotypes of the carioca commercial group cultivated in the rainy and winter seasons in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Martins

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O feijoeiro é uma das principais culturas do país, e o Estado de Minas Gerais é um dos maiores produtores, representando cerca de 15% da produção nacional. O objetivo deste trabalho foi testar o desempenho de linhagens de feijoeiro comum cultivadas nas épocas daságuas e do inverno, na região do Triângulo Mineiro, Minas Gerais. No cultivo das águas (semeadura em dezembro de 2005 e do inverno (semeadura em maio de 2006, as linhagens/cultivares testadas foram BRS Horizonte, CNFC 8059, CNFC 8065, CNFC 8075, VC-6, VC-7, VC-8, VC-9, VC-10, VC-11, VC-12, CNFC 10443, CNFC 10453, CNFC 10476,MA-I-2.5, MA-I-8.9, MA-I-18.13, RC-I-8, CV-46, CV-55 e Z-22, além das testemunhas BRSMG Majestoso, Pérola e BRSMG Talismã e VC-3. Em cada experimento, o delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados com 25 tratamentos, em três repetições, a parcela útil foi de 4 m2. No cultivo das águas, os rendimentos das linhagens mais produtivas variaram entre 2,69 e 2,78 t ha-1 (VC-9 e VC-10, respectivamente e, no inverno, alcançaram 3 t ha-1 (3,01 e 3,00 t ha-1, CNFC 8065 e Z-22, respectivamente. De maneira geral, as linhagens foram maisprodutivas no cultivo do inverno, embora a interação entre linhagens e época de cultivo tenha indicado desempenho distinto entre elas em relação à época.The common bean is one of the most important crops in Brazil, and Minas Gerais state is one of its largest producers, representing about 15% of the national production. The aim of this studywas to evaluate the performance of common bean lineages cultivated during the rainy and winter seasons in the Triângulo Mineiro region, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. In the rainy growing season (sowing in December, 2005 and in the winter season (sowing in May, 2006, the tested lineages were BRS Horizonte, CNFC 8059, CNFC 8065, CNFC 8075, VC-6, VC-7, VC-8, VC-9, VC- 10, VC-11, VC-12, CNFC 10443, CNFC 10453, CNFC 10476, MA-I-2.5, MA-I-8.9, MA-I- 18.13, RC-I-8, CV-46, CV-55 and Z

  5. „No i co z tego”. O dyskusji wokół "Kamieni na szaniec" Aleksandra Kamińskiego z Bożeną Keff, Magdą Szcześniak, Tomaszem Tomasikiem i Błażejem Warkockim rozmawia Anna Zawadzka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Zawadzka

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available “So what?” Bożena Keff, Magda Szcześniak, Tomasz Tomasik & Błażej Warkocki in a conversation with Anna Zawadzka In April 2013, the Polish Press Agency published an article in which Elżbieta Janicka proposed a new interpretations of Stones on the barricades. She claimed i.a.: ”Since we are deliberating, placed in a ho-mophobic culture, where questioning someone’s heterosexual orientation is not an observation but a de­lation, I would compare Zośka and Rudy to Achilles and Patroclus, a pair of legendary warriors. […] I think that this is one of the most beautiful texts about love knowing no limits, whereas all we know about the main characters’ relations testifies to the unheard power and depth of this feeling”. Those words caused an avalanche of reactions, starting from polemics with Janicka or libels on her to violence threats against the scholar. In this conversation, Bożena Keff, Magda Szcześniak, Tomasz Tomasik, Błażej Warkocki and Anna Zawadzka are discussing Janicka’s proposition (developed in her book Festung Warschau, published prior to the quoted text to interpret Stones on the barricades as a text also on a romantic relationship between two men. They analyse social and political causes of the “scandal”, induced by the Polish mainstream media together with a part of the Polish academic milieu. This conversation took place in May 2013.   „No i co z tego”. O dyskusji wokół Kamieni na szaniec Aleksandra Kamińskiego z Bożeną Keff, Magdą Szcześniak, Tomaszem Tomasikiem i Błażejem Warkockim rozmawia Anna Zawadzka W kwietniu 2013 roku Polska Agencja Prasowa opublikowała artykuł, w którym Elżbieta Janicka proponowała nowe interpretacje Kamieni na szaniec. Janicka mówiła m.in.: „Ponieważ rozmawiamy w kulturze homofobicznej, gdzie zakwestionowanie czyjejś heteroseksualnej orientacji nie jest konstatacją, lecz denuncjacją, porównałabym Zośkę i Rudego do Achillesa i Patroklesa, pary

  6. The Tour du Canton defeats the rainy weather

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2011-01-01

    On 8 June, over 2200 runners set off from the Route Marie Curie, outside Restaurant No. 1, in the third leg of the 2011 Tour de Canton race. CERN's mixed team held onto the first place in the inter-enterprise competition.   Sigurd Lettow, CERN Director for Administration and General Infrastructure gives the start to runners at the Tour du Canton (8 June 2011). Hosted by the CERN Running Club in collaboration with the communes of Meyrin and Satigny, the race gave runners and their families the chance to pay a flying visit to CERN. “The Tour du Canton races give different areas the opportunity to show off their part of the Canton of Geneva,” says David Nisbet, a member of the Club and one of the organizers of the event. “It was a chance for us to bring unlikely visitors onto the CERN site for a day of competition and fun.” With the starting/finishing line located outside Restaurant No. 1, runners got a look at CERN’s new restaurant extensio...

  7. WELFARE REFORM: Challenges in Saving for a "Rainy Day"

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Posner, Paul

    2001-01-01

    ... remain largely a state determination made under conditions of inherent uncertainty. In 1998 we reported on states plans for financing their welfare programs in the event that the economy unexpectedly turned down...

  8. Fósforo na produtividade e qualidade de sementes de feijão Carioca Precoce cultivado no período das águas Phosphorus on the productivity and seed quality of bean Carioca Precoce cultivated during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudemir Zucareli

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O fósforo é o nutriente que mais limita a produtividade do feijoeiro em solos brasileiros, podendo influenciar na qualidade fisiológica de sementes. Objetivou-se com o trabalho avaliar a produtividade e a qualidade de sementes de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. do cultivar Carioca Precoce cultivado no período das águas em resposta à adubação fosfatada. Foram avaliadas seis doses de P (0; 30; 60; 90; 120 e 150 kg de P2O5 ha-1, aplicados no sulco da semeadura na forma de superfosfato triplo, com cinco repetições. A produtividade de sementes foi determinada com base na massa das sementes produzidas na área útil da parcela experimental. A qualidade das sementes foi avaliada por meio das seguintes determinações: massa de 100 sementes, teor de água, germinação, primeira contagem, teor de água após o envelhecimento acelerado, germinação após o envelhecimento acelerado, condutividade elétrica, emergência de plântulas no campo e massa de matéria seca de plântulas. A produtividade de sementes do feijão Carioca Precoce, cultivado no período das águas, aumentou linearmente em função do suprimento de P. A massa de 100 sementes e a qualidade fisiológica das sementes não foram alteradas pelo incremento das doses de P.Common bean is an important crop in Brazilian agriculture and phosphorus (P deficiency is one of the most yield limiting factors for this crop, thus plant P-deficiency can hamper the seed physiological quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the productivity and quality of common bean seeds cv. Carioca Precoce cultivated during the rainy season in response to phosphate fertilizer. Six levels of P (0; 30; 60; 90; 120 and 150 kg of P2O5 ha-1, with five replications, were applied in the groove of sowing as triple superphosphate. The seeds yield, at the experimental plot, was determined by the dry weight. Seed quality was evaluated through the following determinations: 100-seed mass, seed moisture content

  9. Concentrate and crude protein levels in diets for dairy Gyr lineage cows grazing elephant-grass during the rainy season Níveis de concentrado e proteína bruta em dietas para vacas da raça Gir linhagem leiteira sob pastejo de capim-elefante durante a época das águas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Monteiro Araújo Teixeira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of three levels of concentrate (2.0, 4.0 and 6.0 kg/cow/day and two levels of crude protein (CP (14 and 16% total dietary dry matter, in comparison to mineral mixture (control on the intake, apparent digestibility, milk composition and yield and on feed efficiency and use of concentrates of cows grazing elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum in the rainy season. Twenty-one milking Gyr cows with average body weight of 426 kg and yield of 13.0 kg of milk/cow/day at 55 days of lactation were distributed in randomized blocks design, with seven diets (treatments in a 3 × 2 + 1 factorial arrangement and three replications, in a period of 84 days. Forage dry matter intake was not influenced by the diets, but total dietary dry matter intake increased by 45% with the inclusion of concentrate in the diet. However, milk yield increased by only 17% (1.76 kg more milk per day with the use of concentrate. For dairy Gyr cows grazing elephant-grass during the rainy season, 2 kg of concentrate/cow/day and 14% of CP in the total diet provided the best productive response without harming body weight.Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos de três níveis de concentrado (2,0; 4,0 e 6,0 kg/vaca/dia e dois de proteína bruta (PB (14 e 16% da matéria seca total da dieta em comparação à mistura mineral (controle no consumo, na digestibilidade aparente, na produção e composição do leite e na eficiência alimentar e de utilização de concentrados de vacas sob pastejo de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum na época das águas. Vinte e uma vacas Gir linhagem leiteira com média de 426 kg de peso vivo e produção de 13,0 kg de leite/vaca/dia, aos 55 dias de lactação, foram distribuídas em delineamento de blocos casualizados, com sete dietas (tratamentos, em arranjo fatorial 3 × 2 + 1 e três repetições, num período de 84 dias. O consumo de matéria seca de forragem não foi influenciado pelas

  10. Structural and successional variability of periphytic algal community in a Amazonian lake during the dry and rainy season (Rio Branco, Acre Variação estrutural e sucessional da comunidade de algas perifíticas em lago amazônico durante o período seco e chuvoso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel C.S França

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The colonization process and successional patterns of a periphytic algal community were evaluated in a Amazonian Viveiro Lake (Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil. Sampling was performed over a period of 35 days; at four-day intervals for 20 days, and then at five-day intervals. Water sampling for physical, chemical and biological analyses was done during the dry and rainy season. Glass slides were used as artificial substrates for periphyton colonization. The structural community was evaluated through population density, algae class, diversity indices and descriptive species. Species richness, diversity and evenness increased as succession progressed. While density of Bacillariophyceae, Euglenophyceae and Zygnemaphyceae increased with succession, Cyanobacteria remained dominant. Synechocystis aquatilis, Synechocystis diplococcus and Navicula pseudolanceolata were the main descriptive species in both the dry and rainy season. Cymbela tumida, Frustulia rhomboides, Trachelomonas lacustris and Closterium acicularis was correlated with an increase in hydrologic level during the rainy season. Conversely, the density of Chlamydomonas sp., Chroomonas nordstedtii, Trachelomonas volvocinopsis, Trachelomonas volvocina and Synechococcus linearis was correlated with an increase in water transparency during the dry season. In general, the periphytic algal community showed high diversity and species richness independent of season. Season also had little influence on representation of algae class and main descriptive species. However, successional patterns varied by season, and changes in hydrologic levels acted directly on the succession path of periphytic algae. More research on periphyton dynamics is needed to improve our understanding of tropical lake ecosystems, especially in Amazonian.A colonização e o modelo sucessional da comunidade de algas perifíticas foram avaliados no amazônico Lago do Viveiro (Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil. Amostragens foram realizadas no per

  11. Formas de utilização do milho em suplementos para novilhos na fase de terminação em pastagem no período das águas: desempenho e parâmetros nutricionais Corn, in different forms, in multiple supplements for finishing crossbred steers on pasture during rainy season: performance and nutrition parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlos Oliveira Porto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a influência da forma de utilização do milho em suplementos no desempenho de novilhos na fase de terminação, durante o período das águas, em pastagem de capim-braquiária. Utilizaram-se 16 bovinos mestiços com peso inicial de 384 kg e 18 meses de idade, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com quatro tratamentos mistura mineral (MM (controle; milho triturado (MT; milho desintegrado com sabugo (MDS; e milho desintegrado com palha e sabugo (MDPS - e quatro repetições. Os animais foram mantidos em pastagem de 6 ha de Brachiaria decumbens Stapf, dividida em quatro piquetes de 1,5 ha, com disponibilidade de matéria seca total (MST de 4,77 t/ha e MSpd (matéria seca potencialmente digestível de 3,14 t/ha. Para avaliação dos parâmetros nutricionais, utilizaram-se quatro animais mestiços fistulados no esôfago, no rúmen e no abomaso, com peso médio inicial de 390 kg, distribuídos em quadrado latino 4 × 4, composto de quatro tratamentos e quatro períodos experimentais. Os animais do grupo controle receberam mistura mineral diariamente (60 g/dia, enquanto os demais receberam os suplementos (1,0 kg/dia. Os suplementos múltiplos não influenciaram o desempenho dos animais, mas as concentrações séricas de uréia foram maiores nos animais sob suplementação. O consumo de PB, assim como a digestibilidade total de PB, aumentou com o uso dos suplementos múltiplos. Os animais do grupo controle (mistura mineral apresentaram maior consumo de matéria seca e matéria orgânica de pasto. O uso de suplemento múltiplo (1 kg/dia no período das águas promoveu aumento numérico de até 165 g/animal em relação à suplementação com mistura mineral. O milho desintegrado com palha e sabugo e o milho desintegrado com sabugo equivalem ao grão de milho triturado.The effect of corn feeding forms in multiple supplements on performance of finishing steers grazing signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf during rainy

  12. Influência da irrigação durante as épocas seca e chuvosa na taxa de lotação, no consumo e no desempenho de novilhos em pastagens de capim-elefante e capim-mombaça Effect of irrigation, during dry and rainy season, on stocking rate, intake and performance of steers grazing 'Mombaça' guineagrass and 'Napier' elephantgrass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enílson Geraldo Ribeiro

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido em uma época chuvosa e duas épocas secas com o objetivo de avaliar a influência da irrigação na taxa de lotação (TL, no ganho de peso (GPV, no consumo de nutrientes e na digestibilidade in vivo em pastagens rotacionadas de capim-elefante e capim-mombaça. Avaliaram-se combinações de duas forrageiras e dois níveis de irrigação (com e sem, além das épocas chuvosa e seca, analisadas separadamente. A irrigação foi realizada repondo-se 100% da evapotranspiração (ET0 média diária de dez anos. Como animais experimentais fixos, utilizaram-se 40 e 16 novilhos mestiços Europeu × Zebu nas épocas chuvosa e seca, respectivamente. Animais semelhantes foram utilizados como reguladores da biomassa de folhas verdes. Nas épocas chuvosa e seca, a irrigação possibilitou aumento da taxa de lotação nas duas forrageiras. Na época seca, a irrigação reduziu o ganho de peso vivo em ambas as forrageiras, enquanto, na época chuvosa, aumentou o ganho de peso no capim-mombaça. A irrigação não influenciou o consumo em nenhuma das épocas avaliadas, mas afetou a digestibilidade de matéria seca, que reduziu na época chuvosa e aumentou na época seca. As maiores taxas de lotação foram obtidas no capim-mombaça, ao passo que, no capim-elefante, obtiveram-se valores superiores de ganho de peso vivo, consumo e digestibilidade. As taxas de lotação médias nas épocas chuvosa e seca para o capim-elefante com e sem irrigação e para o capim-mombaça com e sem irrigação foram de 5,6; 4,5; 7,7; e 4,9 animais/ha e os valores de GPV de 0,64; 0,68; 0,50 e 0,60 kg/dia. O efeito da irrigação é mais pronunciado na taxa de lotação que no ganho de peso dos animais e, em sistemas intensivos de produção a pasto, a produtividade animal (kg/ha obtida com os capins mombaça e elefante é similar.The research was carried out comprising one rainy season and two dry seasons. The objective was to evaluate the influence of

  13. Tants - üks viis edastada kehalist kogemist / Evelin Lagle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lagle, Evelin, 1986-

    2008-01-01

    Helsingi teatriakadeemia tantsukompanii TADaC Kumus 25. III 2008: Ervi Siren "Seize the Moment - Snatch, Catch, Enjoy", Jyrki Karttunen "Dramatic Miniatures", Maria Saivosalmi ja Andrius Katinas "Farewell Anna Karenina", Jenni Kivelä "Scrapbook for Rainy Days", Ari Tenhula videomäng/installatsioon "Entr'acte"

  14. Seletividade de herbicidas: II - aplicação de herbicidas em pós-emergência inicial e tarida da cana-de-açúcar na época das chuvas Herbicide selectivity: II - herbicide application at initial and late and post-emergence of sugarcane in the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.A.M. Azania

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este trabalho testar a seletividade dos herbicidas diuron+hexazinone, azafenidin+hexazinone, metribuzin e isoxaflutole, aplicados em pósemergência inicial e tardia das plantas de cana-de-açúcar, cultivar RB835089, na época das chuvas, em soqueira de terceiro corte, após colheita com queima prévia do canavial, em Araras-SP. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados com testemunhas pareadas, com cinco tratamentos e quatro repetições, existindo uma testemunha capinada para cada tratamento químico dentro de cada bloco. Os tratamentos foram: diuron+hexazinone (1.170+330 g ha-1, azafenidin+hexazinone (192,5+247,5 g ha-1, metribuzin (1.920 g ha-1, isoxaflutole (127,5 g ha-1 e testemunha. Concluiu-se que os herbicidas foram mais fitotóxicos quando aplicados na pós-emergência tardia. Em pós-emergência inicial, o isoxaflutole foi o único produto que afetou a produtividade agrícola. Na pós-emergência tardia, todos os herbicidas prejudicaram a produtividade agrícola, sendo o diuron+hexazinone o único produto que não afetou as características tecnológicas e o rendimento de açúcar.This research aimed to evaluate the selectivity of azafenidin+hexazinone, diuron+hexazinone, metribuzin and isoxaflutole to sugarcane, applied at initial and late post-emergence during the rainy season. The study was conducted over 3-yr sugarcane ratoons (cv. RB 835089, in Araras, SP. The experiment was arranged in randomized blocks with five treatments and four replications, and one weeded control for each treatment within each block. The treatments used were: (diuron+hexazinone (1,170 + 330 g ha-1, azafenidin+hexazinone (192.5+247.5 g ha-1, metribuzin (1,920 g ha-1 and isoxaflutole (127.5 g ha-1 and weed control. It was concluded that the herbicides damaged sugarcane the most when applied during late post-emergence. At early post-emergence, isoxaflutole was the only herbicide affecting yield. In late post-emergence, all the

  15. The influence of castanhão reservoir on nutrient and suspended matter transport during rainy season in the ephemeral Jaguaribe river (CE, Brazil Influência do açude Castanhão no transporte de nutrientes e materiais em suspensão durante a estação chuvosa no intermitente rio Jaguaribe (CE, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MM. Molisani

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Measurements of nutrient and suspended matter concentrations and loads entering and leaving the Castanhão reservoir during the rainy season were carried out to assess the influence of this large reservoir on land-sea fluvial transport in the ephemeral Jaguaribe river basin. Spatial variation indicated statistically significant attenuation of concentrations only for total phosphorous and suspended matter across the reservoir. Strong retention of nutrients and suspended matter loads by the reservoir was observed with average trapping efficiency of 89% for dissolved silicon, 98% of soluble reactive phosphorus, 71% for ammonium, 87% for total nitrogen, 98% for total phosphorus and 97% for suspended matter compared to the reservoir inflow. The dam operational procedure defined by the ephemeral conditions of the river reduced water releases compared to reservoir inflow and induced strong retention of nutrient and suspended matter loads within the reservoir when fluvial transfer occurs in this semiarid watershed.Medidas de concentrações e fluxos de nutrientes e material particulado em suspensão de entrada e saída do Açude Castanhão foram efetuadas para determinar a influência de um grande reservatório no transporte fluvial entre o continente e o oceano na bacia hidrográfica intermitente do Rio Jaguaribe. A variação espacial indicou uma atenuação estatisticamente significativa ao longo do reservatório somente para as concentrações de fósforo total e material particulado em suspensão. Os resultados indicam uma forte retenção de nutrientes e do material particulado em suspensão com eficiências de retenção de 89% para sílica dissolvida, 98% para fósforo solúvel reativo, 71% para amônia, 87% para nitrogênio total, 98% para fósforo total e 97% para o material particulado em suspensão em relação aos fluxos de entrada no reservatório. A rotina de operação da barragem definida pela condição intermitente do Rio Jaguaribe

  16. Avaliação do consumo e ganho de peso de novilhos em pastejo rotacionado de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum. cv. Napier, na estação chuvosa Evaluation of intake and weight gain of steers in rotacional grazing of elephantgrass (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum. cv. Napier, during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora D'Avila Erbesdobler

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi conduzida na Fazenda Experimental da EPAMIG-Leopoldina, MG, onde foram avaliados o consumo de capim-elefante, a efetividade da limitação do tempo de pastejo a quatro horas diárias, para manter o consumo próximo à mantença e o ganho de peso de 36 novilhos ¾ Gir-Holandês, em cinco períodos sucessivos de 36 dias, na estação chuvosa. Os tratamentos foram: livre acesso ao pasto (pastejo irrestrito e pastejo restrito. A disponibilidade de matéria verde seca do capim-elefante nos cinco períodos variou de 4,0 a 7,8 kg/100 kg PV. Os animais com livre acesso ao pasto consumiram o equivalente a 1,61 vezes o dos animais de pastejo restrito e tiveram ganho de peso de corpo vazio médio diário de 516,4 g, com um ganho estimado de 432,5 kg por hectare, estando dentro da faixa de ganho de peso verificada para capim-elefante no Brasil. O consumo de energia metabolizável por unidade de tamanho metabólico manteve-se estável nos três primeiros períodos, elevando-se nos dois últimos períodos, em que ocorreram os maiores ganhos de peso dos animais. Quatro horas diárias de pastejo garantiram consumo próximo à mantença.The research was conducted in the experimental farm of the EPAMIG-Leopoldina, MG, to evaluate intake of elephantgrass, the effectiveness of limiting grazing time to four daily hours for keeping intake close to maintenance level, and the weight gain of thirty-six steers during five successive periods of thirty-six days, during the rainy season. The treatments were: free access to pasture (unlimited grazing and restricted grazing. The availability of green dry matter varied from 4.0 to 7.8 kg/100kg LW. The average daily weight gain of animals with free access to pasture was 516.5 g and their dry matter intake corresponded to 1.61 times that from the restricted grazing ones. The estimated gain per hectare was 423.5 kg, which is within the range reported for elephantgrass in Brasil. Metabolizable energy intake, per

  17. Lâminas de irrigação e doses de nitrogênio em pastagem de capim-elefante no período chuvoso no norte de Minas Gerais Irrigation depth and nitrogen doses on elephant-grass pastures during the rainy season in the north of Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Gonçalves de Oliveira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se durante o período das águas no Norte de Minas Gerais o efeito de quatro doses de nitrogênio (100; 300; 500 e 700kg/ha/ano e seis lâminas de água (0%; 20%; 40%; 80%; 100% e 120% da evapotranspiração de referência,ou ETo sobre o rendimento forrageiro, densidade de perfilhos, relação folha/colmo, altura de plantas e teores de proteína bruta e fibra em detergente neutro do capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados em esquema fatorial 6x4 (seis níveis de lâminas de irrigação e quatro de adubação nitrogenada com quatro repetições. As lâminas de água e as doses de nitrogênio aumentaram linearmente a produção de matéria seca e a densidade de perfilhos. Comportamento semelhante foi verificado para a altura das plantas frente a aplicação de lâminas de irrigação. Os teores de proteína bruta diminuiram linearmente com o aumento da lâmina de irrigação e aumentaram na proporção direta às doses de nitrogênio. Efeito quadrático foi proporcionado pela irrigação quanto aos teores de detergente neutro, com percentual máximo de 72,26%, quando foi aplicada lâmina de água de 96,25% da ETo. Já a adubação nitrogenada reduziu linearmente os teores de fibra em detergente neutro. Tanto a aplicação das lâminas de irrigação quanto a aplicação da adubação nitrogenada agindo isoladamente ou em interação, não afetaram o comportamento da relação folha/colmo, no período das águas. As lâminas de água associadas às doses de nitrogênio elevaram a produção de matéria seca, evidenciando assim a diminuição do efeito da estacionalidade de produção do capim-elefante “pioneiro” (lançamento da EMBRAPA–COOPAGRO no Norte de Minas Gerais.Palavras-chave: estacionalidade, evapotranspiração, lâmina d’água, nitrogênioIt was evaluated during the rainy season in North of Minas Gerais the effect of four levels of nitrogen (100; 300; 500 and

  18. Supplementation levels for growing beef cattle grazing in the dry-rainy transition season Níveis de suplementação para recria de bovinos de corte em pastejo durante o período de transição seca-águas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.F.L. Sales

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of different levels of supplementation on the performance, intake, digestibility, pH and rumen ammonia concentration in growing bulls grazing Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. pasture, during the dry-rainy transition season. For evaluation of performance, intake and digestibility, it was used 25 non-castrated steers at 11 months of age and initial average body weight of 270 kg, grouped in five plots of five animals each, following a completely randomized design. Each plot received one of the following feeding treatments: mineral mixture and supplement at the proportion of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 kg/animal/day, corresponding to 0.18, 0.36, 0.54 and 0.72% of the average body weight of the animals. The area designated for the animals was constituted of five 2.0-ha paddocks. For the evaluation of the pH and rumen ammonia concentration, five crossbred non-castrated steers were used, with average body weight of 240 kg, fistulated in the esophagus, rumen and abomasum, disposed in a 5 × 5 Latin square, with five treatments and five experimental periods. Animal performance behaved in a positive linear manner according to the supplementation levels, responding with an increase of more than 80% on weight gains of the animals. Intakes of total and pasture dry matter (DM, organic matter and neutral detergent fiber were not influenced by supplementation. Intakes of crude protein, non-fibrous carbohydrates, ether extract and total digestible nutrients as well as nutrient digestibility and rumen ammonia concentration showed a positive linear pattern in response to supplementation levels. Increasing levels of concentrate supplementation influence positively the performance of bulls growing on pastures during the dry-rainy transition season.Objetivou-se estudar os efeitos de diferentes níveis de suplementação sobre o desempenho, o consumo, a digestibilidade, o pH e a concentração de amônia ruminal em

  19. Condições termodinâmicas de eventos de precipitação extrema em Belém-PA durante a estação chuvosa Thermodynamic conditions of extreme rainfall events in Belém-PA, Brazil, during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Nardin Tavares

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available As condições termodinâmicas de uma região são muito importantes para o desenvolvimento da convecção úmida profunda, principalmente nas regiões tropicais. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi o de entender e caracterizar o papel das condições termodinâmicas da atmosfera durante os eventos de precipitações extremas na estação chuvosa, no período de 1987 a 2007, em Belém (PA. Os resultados mostram que as precipitações extremas, em sua maioria (56% apresentam um ambiente precursor com forte instabilidade, indicada pelos altos valores de CAPE (acima de 1000 J/kg e valores significativos dos índices de instabilidade. Houve, contudo, eventos com baixos valores de CAPE na sondagem das 1200 UTC do dia do evento, mas valores maiores na véspera, o que indica que a chuva em questão pode ter começado na madrugada e ter perdurado por várias horas, atravessando a hora da sondagem, explicando a queda deste parâmetro. Os índices de instabilidade K, TT e LI apresentaram uma boa representação do ambiente, prognosticando as tempestades com chuvas fortes com índice de acerto de até 74%, se levados em conta os eventos em que todos os índices apontavam os mesmos resultados e indicavam forte instabilidade. As condições termodinâmicas de forte instabilidade ajudam a promover, mas não são as únicas responsáveis pelas tempestades convectivas com precipitações extremas.The thermodynamic conditions from any region are very important to the development of the deep, moist convection, mainly in the tropical region. Therefore, the aim of this work was to understand and characterize the role of atmospheric thermodynamic conditions during extreme rainfall events in the rainy season, in Belém (PA, Brazil. The results show that the extreme rainfall, in their majority (56% present a pre-storm environment with strong instability, indicated by the CAPE high values (above 1000 J/kg and meaningful values of the instability indexes. There was

  20. Produção de leite de vacas mestiças Holandês ´ Zebu em pastagem de capim-elefante, com e sem suplementação de concentrado durante a época das chuvas Milk yield of crossbred Holstein ´ Zebu cows supplemented or not with concentrate during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Deresz

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do experimento foi estudar o efeito da suplementação da pastagem de capim-elefante com concentrado na época das chuvas e início da seca, entre dezembro e junho, sobre a produção e composição do leite e ganho de peso de vacas mestiças Holandês ´ Zebu. Os tratamentos foram pastagem de capim-elefante sem concentrado (SC e com 2,0kg de concentrado/vaca/dia (CC. A área experimental de pastagem foi dividida em 44 piquetes de 606m² cada um, 22 por tratamento, com duas repetições de área. Foram usadas 12 vacas, sendo seis por tratamento. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso. A pastagem foi manejada em pastejo rotativo com três dias de ocupação por piquete e 30 dias de descanso. A taxa de lotação foi de 4,5 vacas/ha. A pastagem foi adubada com 200kg/ha/ano de N e de K2O. As produções médias de leite corrigido para 4% de gordura foram de 11,6± 0,3 e 12,5± 0,3kg/vaca/dia e o ganho médio diário por vaca de 211 e 244g, para os tratamentos SC e CC, respectivamente. Houve diferença (PThis work aimed to study the effect of concentrate supplementation of elephantgrass pasture during the rainy season and at the beginning of the dry season, on milk yield, milk composition and weight gain of crossbred Holstein ´ Zebu cows. The treatments were: elephantgrass pasture with no concentrate supplementation (NC and with 2kg concentrate supplementation cow/day (WC. The experimental area was divided in 44 paddocks with 606m² each, corresponding to 22 paddocks per replication and six cows per treatment. The cows were alloted to the treatments according to a completely randomized block design. The pasture was managed in a rotational system with 30 days resting period and three days grazing per paddock. The stocking rate was 4.5 cows/ha. The pasture was fertilized with 200kg/ha/yr of N and K2O. The average fat corrected (4% milk yield was 11.6± 0.3 and 12.5± 0.3kg/cow/day and the average daily weight gain during the

  1. Protein sources in suplements to bovines on pastur in the dry and transition between the dry and the rainy periods Fontes de proteína em suplementos para bovinos em pastejo nos períodos da seca e de transição seca-águas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Oliveira Martins

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Supplements with different protein sources were evaluated during the dry season and between the dry and the rainy seasons. We used 20 animals, with 220 kg average body weight and 10 months old age, in five paddocks (2 ha, in a completely randomized design, with five treatments and four replicates. The supplements with 38% of crude protein (CP in the dry matter (DM basis were supplied daily at 0.5% of their weight. The treatments employed were supplements based on: soybean meal /wheat meal (SMWM, wheat meal/urea (WMUR, cottonseed meal 38% of CP (CM38, cottonseed meal 28% of CP/urea (CMU28, wheat meal, cottonseed meal 38% of CP/urea (WCMU, and mineral salt was present in all the supplements. The treatment CM38 allowed superior animal performance compared with the treatments SMWM, WMUR and CM28; the treatment WCMU was superior to the treatments WMUR and CM28. We also used five Holstein-zebu steers, 10 months old and initial weight of 170 kg, fistulated in the esophagus and rumen. These animals were grazing in five paddocks (0.3 ha each in a completely randomized design. The intake of neutral detergent fiber (NDF was superior in treatments of WMU and CM28 in relation to CM38 and WCMU; and the digestibility of DM obtained in SMWM and WMUR treatments were superior to those of CM38, CM28, and WCMU, and the digestibility of CP’s WMU was superior to those of CM38 and CM28.Suplementos múltiplos com diferentes fontes de proteína foram fornecidos a bovinos, na seca e transição seca/águas, com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho. Foram utilizados 20 animais com peso vivo (PV médio de 220 kg e idade aproximada de 10 meses, em cinco piquetes de dois hectares cada, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, cinco tratamentos e quatro repetições. O fornecimento dos suplementos, que tinham aproximadamente 38 % de proteína bruta (PB na matéria seca (MS, foi diário, em nível de 0,5 % do PV. Os tratamentos foram constituídos de suplemento à base de

  2. Rotshild vernul Rossii dotsh Pavla I / Anna Selivanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Selivanova, Anna

    2003-01-01

    Vene Muuseumi poolt 1941. a. koostatud rändnäituse "Vene maalikunsti arengu põhietapid" saatusest. Fjodor Bognevski "Suurvürstinna Aleksandra Pavlovna portree" ja Orest Kiprenski "Pjotr Basini portree" tagasisaamislood

  3. Vratshi i medsestrõ... za bortom peregovorov / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Arstide Liit ja Eesti Keskastme Tervishoiutöötajate Kutseliit ei kiida heaks lepingut, mis kehtib vaid Haiglate Liidu liikmetele ja jätab palgatõusust ilma terve rea tervishoiutöötajaid. Tervishoiutöötajad pöörduvad kohtusse. Vt. samas: Kokkuvõtteks; Kommenteerivad: Eesti Arstide Liit, sotsiaalminister Jaak Aab, riiklik lepitaja Henn Pärn

  4. Most mezhdu Rossijei i JeS / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu mõju laienemisega kaasneb eurooplastel kartus võimaliku sotsiaalse kaitse vähenemise ja elatustaseme languse ees. Euroopa Parlamendi presidendi Pat Coxi sõnul on Baltimaad koos Põhjamaadega sillaks Euroopa Liidu ja Venemaa vahel

  5. Kak zhurnalistõ vidjat Estoniju / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2006-01-01

    2005. aasta parimate pressifotode näitusest Vaal-galeriis Tallinnas. Parima uudisfoto autor on üleriiklikus kategoorias Andras Kralla ja parima olemusfoto autor Raul Mee. Maakonnalehtede parimad on vastavalt Margus Ansu ja Sille Annuk. Kujundusauhinnad said suures kategoorias SL Õhtuleht ja väikeses kategoorias Järva Teataja

  6. Sisseminekuks : [luuletused] / Anna Haava ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haava, Anna, pseud., 1864-1957

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Sisseminekuks ; Kartus ; Ööbikule ; Käokene, kuldalindu ; Mis sa tahad, kevade? ; Ei tule uni ; Hoia ennast; Tuksuv süda ; Sina oled kelm ; Hinge hellal' igatsusel' ; Kõik kallile ; Soov ; Unes nägin ; Võin ; Sinu silmad ; Sinu silmist pilk ; Kallis, sul on kuldne süda ; Sa kõige armsam mulle ; Oh võiksin ; Lill ; Nõmmelill ; Meie Mihkel ; Koidulale ; Ehitage rahukojad ; Emakeel ; Isamaja ; Väsinud ; Oh kuhu ma lähen? ; Ööbiku surm ; Ei saa mitte vaiki olla ; Ma olen näinud ; Südameta ; Sellepärast ; See oli ilusal õiekuul; Esimese lume ajal ; Mina vaat'sin muru pääle ; Ikka kurjalt sa mind vaatad ; Oh ma isegi ei tea ; Mis on luule paljalt sõnas? ; Oh oleksin ära surnud ; Lee ääres ; Sinu nimi ; Hoia vahest aken lahti ; Jumalaga jättes vaat'sid ; Ma laulan ; Ei oma õnne peita ; Küll oli ilus mu õieke ; Oh ära sa küsi ; Ei tule luule tuulest ; Köögis seisab ; Järv leegib eha paistel ; Sinu vanaema ; Nii ta on ; Tead küll, mu kuldkallis ; Ma lähen üle nõmme ; Lenda, lepatriinuke ; Vesi voolab, vesi kohab ; Üks ainus kord ; Oh kevade, oh õie-aeg ; Suur kontsert ; Kuupaistel ; Mets kohiseb ; Lind läks magama ; Kui sa tuled, too mull' lilli ; Sinilillekesed ; Ei ole sina minu ingel ; Ei mina õnne usu ; Viimast laulu ei saa laulda ; Kõige ilusam luule ; Üks on minul püham koda! ; Sa oled suurem kui su saatus ; Mu kodumaa, kus oled sa? ; Eest ära! ; Kui kandlekeeled katkevad ; Ma kõnnin koiduvalgel ; Mu mured kõik matsin ma maha ; Kui ma sulle armas olen ; Kas tahad tulla minuga? ; Sa vaata ette, süda! ; Truus sõpruses ma tahan ; Su silmade sügavuses ; Siis mine! ; See oli siis ; Mu süda usub ; Sind teretame, kuldapäike ; Mind jumalaga jätsid ; Sääl kord kasvab kaunis kodu ; Me oleme põhjamaa lapsed ; Hilised lilled ; Sa küsid, kus mu kodu ; külm ; Sina vaikiv, sügav öö ; Ju õitsvad kõik hellerheinad ; Öösünges kohab ; Kui saaks mullegi kord kodu ; On püha mulle mu kodumaa muld ; Oma hind vaid vaba hoida ; Selles eluunenäos ; Kuid kuis taevad kõrged-suured ; Millest see?

  7. Hispaania kuningapaar ärritas Marokot / Anna-Maria Penu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penu, Anna-Maria, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Hispaania kuningas Juan Carlos I ja kuninganna Sofia käisid esimest korda Aafrika pinnal asuvates Hispaania enklaavides Ceutas ja Melillas, mis kutsus esile Maroko meelepaha. Lisa: Peaminister soovib lõppu okupatsioonile

  8. Islam ja terror samas lauses? / Iivi Anna Masso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Masso, Iivi Anna, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Seostest islami ja islamistlike terroristide vahel. Araabia maailma raputavatest rahutustest. Terrosimiaktidest Venemaal. Autori hinnangul aitaks suhtumine islamisse terve kriitikaga paremini mõista muslimitest libaraale

  9. Osvjashtshenõ kolokola Hrama na granitse / Anna Orshanskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orshanskaja, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Vene riigitegelasest ja töösturist parun Aleksandr Stieglitzist. Mälestustseremoonial pühitseti perekond Stieglitz'ite matmispaiga Ivangorodi Püha Kolmainsuse kiriku uued tornikellad. Kirikuhoonest ja selle rekonstrueerimisest

  10. Ja polagaju, tshto vsjo sledujet shit! / Anna Korjakina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korjakina, Anna

    2005-01-01

    31.03-3.04 toimus Riias moenädal - Riga Fashion Show. Oma töid demonstreerisid Läti, Eesti, Leedu, Venemaa ja Prantsusmaa moeloojad. Eestist Oksana Tandit ja Triinu Pungits. Pikemalt Masha Tsigali kollektsioonist (Venemaa)

  11. Eugenia Rico: The Black Cat / Translated by Anna Rosen Guercio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Rosen Guercio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available You can close your eyes but you can’t close your ears.In the darkness, I keep hearing the screams. I don’t know who’s screaming. I squeeze my eyes tighter and realize that I’m the one who’s screaming. In the darkness, there is no hate. There’s a strange smell and it isn’t me. In another time and another place, someone would have known why all this was happening, someone would have been able to give a name to everything that seems so inexplicable to me, but which does have an explanation. It has to. It won’t be a logical explanation.In another life, I tried to find causes and effects until I came to understand that nothing that happened to me had them. I believed that I thought with my head. I believed that I thought.In the darkness, I don’t think with my heart or with my head. I don’t have any. Others will come and they’ll tell my story. It’ll sound different from their lips.I’ve never been different than everyone else. All my life I endeavored to stay in the middle of the road, not to be too high or too low, too smart or too dumb. I didn’t want to stand out in any way and, in the end, that was the thing that made me stand out, the thing my husband fell in love with.

  12. talking back: biography as friendship in anna banti's artemisia1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Writing the life of another woman requires some of the same qualities ... marks Artemisia's second death; the first being the artist's prolonged absence from ..... has come under discussion again in a recent debate following the publication of monographs .... post-war Italy, the narrator recognises Artemisia's struggle and.

  13. Ettevaatust! Nüüdistants / Anna-Liisa Villmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Villmann, Anna-Liisa

    2010-01-01

    11. Augusti Tantsufestivalist Tallinnas. Lühidalt Ele Viskuse etendusest "Taidlusrühm Rähn", Liis Ilula etendusest "Älis mnimedemaal", Henri Hüti etendusest "The reader", Mihkel Ernitsa vabaõhuetendusest "Kehanäppajad". Brüsseli nüüdistantsu kooli P.A.R.T.S. etendustest. Samas 14.-28. augustini kestva festivali kavast

  14. Vzaimovõgodnõi dialog / Anna Belova ; interv. Mihhail Tuzhikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Belova, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Moskvas toimus rahvusvaheline konverents "Venemaa ja Baltimaad Euroopas. Majanduslik dialoog: täna ja homme". Ettevõtte "Venemaa raudteed" asepresident raudtee-alasest integratsiooniprotsessist ning rahvusvahelistest transpordiprojektidest

  15. Anna Dziemianko. User-friendliness of Verb Syntax in Pedagogical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    Dziemianko questions the benefits of often oversophisticated and heavy code systems, especially for language users with limited dictionary skills. Statistical research has shown how cryptic the syntac- tic patterns presented by dictionaries can appear for the common user. The lack of standardisation between dictionaries is ...

  16. Ne/zhenskii put karjerõ / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2007-01-01

    Termin "glass ceiling" (klaaslagi) võeti kasutusele USA-s umbes paarkümmend aastat tagasi, nii nimetasid uurijad kunstlikult loodud nähtamatut, kuid läbimatut takistust karjääriredelil liikujaile. Sagedamini kasutatakse terminit, kui juttu tuleb ühiskonnas ja äris eksisteerivast diskrimineerimisest soolise või rahvusliku tunnuse järgi. Eestis astutakse esimesi samme soolise võrdsuse tagamiseks, 2004. aastal läbi viidud uuringu tulemustest

  17. Keelekontaktid, laenatavus ja verbi kopeerimine eestivene keelevariandis / Anna Verschik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Verschik, Anna, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Vaadeldakse eestivene verbikopeerimise markantsemaid juhtumeid. Tutvustatakse ka mitmesuguseid laenatavuse hierarhiaid, kognitiiv-pragmaatilisi ja semantilisi lähenemisi ning koodikopeerimise mudelit.

  18. Nezemnõje mirõ Olega Võssotskogo / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas elava kunstniku Oleg Võssotski kosmoseteemalisest loomingust. Tema maalinäitus "Terra Indigo" avati Vene Draamateatri galerii praeguses näitusepaigas juveeligaleriis Bindes. Autor enda loomeprotsessist

  19. Kodumaise ruladisaini uuestisünd / Anna-Liisa Villmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Villmann, Anna-Liisa

    2010-01-01

    Elukutselise rulasõitja, neljakordse Soome meistri Kristel Orasmäe loodud kaubamärgist High Fly, mille kujunduse tegi Eesti Kunstiakadeemias graafilise disaini osakonnas õppiv Taavi Drell. Toodang tellitakse välismaisest tehasest. High Fly rulakomplekti rahvusvahelisele turule viimise plaanidest, kevadel avatud rulakoolist, mille tulu läheb uue rulapargi rajamiseks

  20. Kui hoolid keskkonnast, anna sellest ka teistele teada / Liina Joller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joller, Liina

    2008-01-01

    Turundusharu, mis kasutab peamise argumendina just keskkonnasõbralikkust, on hakatud kutsuma roheliseks turunduseks (green marketing). Vt. samas: Vastutustundliku ettevõtluse ja rohelise turunduse seosed; E-dokumendid - lihtne viis keskkonda hoida

  1. Gorod nagrazhdajet teh, kto ego ukrasil / Anna Orshanskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orshanskaja, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Konkursi "Kaunis Eesti kodu 2006" võitjate autasustamisest Narva lossis. Konkursist. أKodu kauniksؤ (käesolevast aastast uue nimega أKaunis Eesti koduؤ) liikumise taastas 1997. aastal president Lennart Meri

  2. Blog.tr.ee ei anna alla / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2007-01-01

    Veebikeskkonna blog.tr.ee arengust ja majandamisest räägivad keskkonna looja Andris Reinmann ja firma OÜ Tr.ee osaniku Mobi Solutions'i esindaja Rain Rannu. Vt. samas: Mis on blog.tr.ee; Kaljundi: blog.tr.ee on hobiprojekt. Kommenteerib nagi.ee juhataja Jüri Kaljundi. Lisatud joonis: Blog.tr.ee unikaalsete külastajate arv nädalas

  3. Estonian Leader's Freedom Call Creates Storm / Anna Smolchenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smolchenko, Anna

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese esinemisest soome-ugri rahvaste maailmakongressil Hantõ-Mansiiskis, kohtumisest Venemaa presidendi Dmitri Medvedeviga, Eesti delegatsiooni saalist väljamarssimisest Venemaa riigiduuma väliskomisjoni esimehe Konstantin Kossatshovi sõnavõtu ajal. Ilmunud ka: St. Petersburg Times 1. juuli 2008, pealk.: Estonian Leader's Freedom Call Creates Controversy (lüh.). Vabariigi President töövisiidil Venemaal 27.-30.06.2008

  4. Alianças Estratégicas e Redes Associativas como Fonte de Vantagem Competitiva no Varejo de Material de ConstruçãoStrategic Alliances and Associativism Networks as a Source of Competitiveness Advantage in the Retailers Market of ConstructionAlianzas Estratégicas y Redes Asociativas como Fuente de Ventajas Competitiva en la Venta al por Menor de Material de Construcción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PACANHAN, Mário Ney

    2004-01-01

    de posicionamiento estratégico y a la búsqueda constante de ventajas competitivas. Una de las formas que encontró resonancia en el mercado como modelo de gestión, que permite diferenciación y cooperación al mismo tiempo, es la de alianzas estratégicas y entre sus aplicaciones, las redes asociativistas, usadas principalmente por pequeñas organizaciones. Este artículo expone los conceptos de esas modalidades, sus ventajas y desventajas y presenta su uso en las ventas al por menor, específicamente en la red formada por pequeños minoristas en el área de material de construcción formada inicialmente en la ciudad de Maringá en Paraná y que se expandió hacia otras ciudades y estados, y que de diez asociados reúne actualmente 181. El estudio de este caso permite comprobar de qué forma el proceso de formulación y reformulación organizacional se instala y como surgen los puntos positivos y negativos en este proceso interno y en las relaciones de competición y competencia con el mercado que de él adviene.

  5. Replacement of soybean meal by treated castor meal in supplements for grazing heifer during the dry-rainy season period Substituição do farelo de soja por farelo de mamona tratado em suplementos para novilhas em pastejo no período de transição seca-águas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.V. Barros

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of multiple supplement with different levels of castor meal (Ricinus communis L. treated with calcium oxide on intake, on the total apparent digestibility of dietary components, on the efficiency of microbial synthesis and on the performance of beef heifers grazing Brachiaria decumbens during the dry-rainy transition period. The experimental area was composed of five 2.5-ha paddocks with availability of potentially digestible dry matter of 2,858.4 kg/ha. It was used 25 Nellore heifers and 10 crossbred with predominance of Zebu breed heifers at 13 months of age and body weight of 210 ± 0.8 kg in a completely randomized experimental design. Supplements contained approximately 25% of crude protein (CP and they were formulated with 0; 33; 67 and 100% of castor meal replacing soybean meal. Daily weight gain was 366.1 g for animals in the control group and 439.7; 478.9; 556.3; and 493.9, respectively for those fed supplements with 100% of soybean meal and 33, 67 and 100% castor meal. There was no effect of treated castor meal levels on daily weight gain of the animals, which was higher in those animals fed supplements. Levels of castor meal had decreasing linear effect on intakes of dry matter (DM, organic matter (OM, ether extract (EE, digested dry matter and digestible neutral detergent fiver and on the intake of total digestible nutrients. Coefficients of apparent digestibility of DM, OM, CP, EE and non-fibrous carbohydrates were greater for animals under supplementation. Microbial efficiency, expressed in g of crude protein per kg of consumed TDN, did not differ among groups. Replacement of soybean meal by castor meal treated with calcium oxide does not harm animal performance.Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito de suplementos múltiplos com diferentes níveis de farelo de mamona (Ricinus communis L. tratado com óxido de cálcio sobre o consumo, a digestibilidade aparente total de componentes da

  6. Níveis de energia em suplementos múltiplos para terminação de novilhos em pastagem de capim-braquiária no período de transição águas-seca Energy levels in multiple supplements for finishing beef cattle grazing palisade grass pasture during the rainy to dry transition season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maykel Franklin Lima Sales

    2008-04-01

    finishing beef cattle grazing palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu, during the rainy to dry transition season. For the performance evaluation, 24 crossbred bulls, 18 month old and 330 kg of initial body weight (BW, were distributed to a completely randomized design, in four paddocks of 1.5 ha each. Four treatments were evaluated: mineral mix (MM and corn and whole soybean grain based supplements offered in three levels: 1.0; 1.5 and 2.0 kg/d, allowing TDN intake of, respectively, 0.832; 1.163 and 1.496 kg/d. There was a positive linear effect of the energy levels on the average daily gain and on the final body weight. The nutritional parameters were assessed in four crossbred bulls , with average initial 300 kg BW, fitted with esophageal, ruminal and abomasal cannula, and fed similar diets of those animals used in the performance. There was no ffect of supplementation on dry matter intake (DMI, although it was observed a linear reduction in forage intake. The intakes organic matter from pasture, of the NDF from the total diet and of the pasture was negative linearly affected by the energy levels. There were not observed effects of supplementation levels on the total apparent digestibility of the nutrients, except for CP, which showed a quadratic effect by the level of supplementation. Additional weight gain, ranging from 20 to 30%, can be obtained in beef cattle supplemented with increasing amounts of energy during the finishing phase; however, those gains depend of the substitution of forage intake by the supplement.

  7. Níveis de uréia em suplementos múltiplos para terminação de novilhos em pastagem de capim-braquiária durante o período de transição águas-seca Urea levels in multiple supplements for finishing beef cattle on palisade grass pasture during the rainy to dry transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maykel Franklin Lima Sales

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se os efeitos de suplementos múltiplos com diferentes níveis de uréia sobre o desempenho produtivo e os parâmetros nutricionais de bovinos em fase de terminação mantidos em pastagem diferida de capim-braquiária (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu no período de transição águas-seca. A disponibilidade estimada de matéria seca das pastagens variou de 16.360 a 9.358 kg/ha. Para avaliação do desempenho produtivo, utilizaram-se 20 novilhos mestiços não-castrados, com 20 meses de idade e 376 kg de peso vivo. Os animais foram agrupados em lotes com pesos semelhantes, segundo um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em quatro piquetes de 1,5 ha, onde receberam 1,5 kg/dia de suplemento isoprotéico (20% de PB, constituído de grãos de milho e soja moídos, mistura mineral e uréia nos níveis 0,0; 1,6; 3,2 ou 4,8% na matéria natural. O ganho médio diário - valor médio foi de 0,570 kg/dia - não foi influenciado pelos níveis de uréia do suplemento. Os parâmetros nutricionais foram avaliados utilizando-se quatro animais mestiços Holandês × Zebu, não-castrados, com peso médio inicial de 320 kg, fistulados no esôfago, rúmen e abomaso. Os animais receberam as mesmas quantidades de suplemento fornecidas aos animais do experimento de desempenho. Os níveis de uréia não afetaram significativamente o pH e a concentração de amônia ruminal. Para obtenção de ganhos de 0,5 a 0,6 kg/dia, pode-se utilizar apenas milho, uréia e mistura mineral em suplementos múltiplos para terminação de bovinos em pasto diferido.The effects of multiple supplements with different urea levels on the productive performance and nutritional characteristics, for finishing beef cattle kept in deferred pasture of palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu in the transition period of rainy to dry season were evaluated. The estimated dry matter availability of the pasture ranged from 16,360 to 9,358 kg/ha. In the performance trial, 20

  8. Consumo e dinâmica ruminal da fibra em detergente neutro em bovinos em pastejo no período das águas recebendo suplementação com nitrogênio não-proteico e/ou proteína verdadeira Intake and rumen dynamics of neutral detergent fiber in grazing cattle supplemented with non-protein nitrogen and, or true protein during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Aparecida Carli Costa

    2011-12-01

    during rainy season. Five crossbred Holstein × Zebu steers, averaging 335±35 kg of body weight and fitted with rumen and abomasum canullaes were used. The treatments were: control (only pasture, and supplements based on urea, 2/3 of nitrogenous compounds from urea and 1/3 of nitrogenous compounds from albumin, 1/3 of nitrogenous compounds from urea and 2/3 of nitrogenous compounds from albumin, and albumin. Two hundred grams/d of crude protein (CP were supplied from supplements. The experiment was carried out according to a 5 × 5 Latin square design, with five 15-day experimental periods. There were no effects of supplementation on voluntary intake, except for CP intake, which was increased by supplementation. The replacement of urea by albumin in the supplements caused linear effect on the CP intake. The intakes of the other diet components were not affected by the supplement composition. There was no effect on ruminal rate of passage of fibrous compounds. Supplementation increased the estimates of common rate of lag and degradation of NDF. However, no effect of supplement composition alteration was observed on this parameter. Supplementation of cattle with rumen degradable (protein or non-protein nitrogenous compounds for grazing cattle during rainy season does not affect voluntary intake of pasture.

  9. Microstructural characterization of archaeological samples coming from La Venta park, Tabasco, Mexico; Caracterizacion microestructural de muestras arqueologicas procedentes del parque La Venta Tabasco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa P, M.F.; Rodriguez L, V.; Martinez, G. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1997-07-01

    The Olmec culture was the first meso american civilization it presents its main establishment at the Veracruz and Tabasco states in Mexico. Owing to in time and to the weathering factors of the region as warmth, acid rain and that great humidity existing in the environment among others that have been provoked great erosion and damage on the pre hispanic monuments. Through Sem technique it was achieved the microstructural characterization of materials which conform the samples that correspond to those monuments where fundamentally feldspars have been found. It was determined the elemental composition of samples through Emission dispersive X-ray diffraction technique, the crystalline phases existing in samples were determined mainly finding feldspars, so of this way it was corroborated those obtained results through Sem. The materials characterization that are part of these pre hispanic monuments of La Ve nta park is essential for its conservation minimizing so the damage to pre hispanic pieces. (Author)

  10. Microstructural characterization of archaeological samples coming from La Venta park, Tabasco, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espinosa P, M.F.; Rodriguez L, V.; Martinez, G.

    1997-01-01

    The Olmec culture was the first meso american civilization it presents its main establishment at the Veracruz and Tabasco states in Mexico. Owing to in time and to the weathering factors of the region as warmth, acid rain and that great humidity existing in the environment among others that have been provoked great erosion and damage on the pre hispanic monuments. Through Sem technique it was achieved the microstructural characterization of materials which conform the samples that correspond to those monuments where fundamentally feldspars have been found. It was determined the elemental composition of samples through Emission dispersive X-ray diffraction technique, the crystalline phases existing in samples were determined mainly finding feldspars, so of this way it was corroborated those obtained results through Sem. The materials characterization that are part of these pre hispanic monuments of La Ve nta park is essential for its conservation minimizing so the damage to pre hispanic pieces. (Author)

  11. Gobierno municipal y venta de oficios en la Asturias de los siglos XVI y XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ángeles Faya Díaz

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The kings of the Austria dynasty used widely the sale of offices with the purpose of arbitrating resources for their hegemonical politics. Through the analysis of this sales we have been able to settle down the serious economic and social consequences they brought as well as the institutional opposition generated. The process of patrimonialization of the public thing and the oligarchic way taken by the municipalities propitiated abuses and corruption, causing the complete degradation of the municipal institution. For the highest layer of the nobility, it supposed a statement of their power and his dignificación as a class. To satisfy their longings of power the nobility will invest in offices, dominions and taxes («alcabalas» sold by the kings. While the Crown obtains about 300.000 ducados from the sale of offices, the investment in unproductive goods and the inmobilization of the capitals of the nobility caused a lack of wealth creation in Asturias. The expense of the dominant class adquiring habits and titles as well as his luxury and ostentation, they act in the same sense. In addition, the costs of cases, rescues and consumption of offices produced the indebtedness of the municipalities and, together with other forms of fiscal pressure, an important social cost.

  12. Neuromarketing: gestión de ventas de las empresas comercializadoras de vestido

    OpenAIRE

    Tejada-Escobar, Freddy; Fajardo-Vaca, Ligia; Vásquez-Fajardo, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    The trading of dresses has an increasingly aggressive competition due to trends that occur in the different seasons of the year. Which makes transcendent that to gain a competitive advantage in sales management will be strengthened, given the knowledge of knowing what the consumer wants and / or a potential customer for your satisfaction and should also be focused on marketing strategies and techniques, supported by advertising, promotions that are offered. New trends in modern marketing, ...

  13. Cuerpos en venta: pinguerismo y masculinidad negociada en la Cuba contemporánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abel Sierra Madero

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo da cuenta de la investigación sobre sujetos masculinos insertados dentro de la economía informal de placeres ligada al turismo en Cuba (pingueros. Se analizan los modos en que los pingueros negocian la masculinidad y la identidad en sus interacciones con los extranjeros, mediante el estudio de su desempeño en las redes homoeróticas en La Habana, así como los conceptos de género y sexualidad, por un lado, y de nación y sobrevivencia, por otro, que allí construyen. Se finaliza con la relación entre turismo sexual y las contradicciones del modelo revolucionario.

  14. Neuromarketing: gestión de ventas de las empresas comercializadoras de vestido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejada-Escobar, Freddy

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The trading of dresses has an increasingly aggressive competition due to trends that occur in the different seasons of the year. Which makes transcendent that to gain a competitive advantage in sales management will be strengthened, given the knowledge of knowing what the consumer wants and / or a potential customer for your satisfaction and should also be focused on marketing strategies and techniques, supported by advertising, promotions that are offered. New trends in modern marketing, leading to a successful blend of psychology and marketing, to make known what the consumers. Neuroscience and commercialization are combined. As a result, the use of neuromarketing is a very promising technique for increasing sales and profitability. This article seeks to highlight the benefits of neuromarketing, and how they can be applied quickly. This research conducted at local and commercial establishments dedicated to the sale of clothing in malls or industrial sectors busiest in the cities of Guayaquil, La Libertad and Milagro, Ecuador.

  15. Plan de ventas para el cumplimiento de metas y presupuestos de SUMARC TAT

    OpenAIRE

    Carvajal Londoño, Paula Carolina; Martínez Rojas, Natalia Camila

    2015-01-01

    La empresa SUMARC TATS.A.S se ha desempeñado desde su fundación como distribuidor de los productos de NUTRESA en el canal tradicional y durante los últimos ocho años se ha mantenido en el mercado enfrentando retos y desafíos que le permiten hoy en día tener un amplio conocimiento del canal. Sin embargo, en los últimos meses se han detectado falencias en términos de cumplimiento de metas y presupuestos, lo cual implica que la empresa debe diseñar un nuevo esquema comercial que le permita cumpl...

  16. La Segunda Reforma de Salud. Aseguramiento y compra-venta de servicios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asa Cristina Laurell

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El aseguramiento en salud es la propuesta de varios gobiernos latinoamericanos para lograr la cobertura universal en salud. Surge a raíz de la Segunda Reforma Social. Para conocer los resultados de los seguros de salud se analizan Chile, Colombia y México que tienen distintas formas y diversos tiempos de implantación. Se examinan los mismos aspectos para conocer si los seguros han cumplido sus objetivos. Los seguros no han alcanzado cobertura universal poblacional y la cobertura médica está limitada. Persiste el acceso inequitativo y se tiende a una nueva pauta de inclusión-exclusión. La separación entre administración de fondos y prestación de servicios ha llevado a la mercantilización y ha creado nuevos actores económicos en el sector con acceso a los fondos públicos de salud. La administración de estos fondos tiene una creciente complejidad y aumento de los costos y pese a los incrementos en el presupuesto público de salud los costos sobrepasan los recursos. La lógica dominante del seguro es la económica y no la de satisfacción de necesidades de salud.

  17. Zara: Imagen de marca internacional y debut en la venta online en Europa occidental

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Caraballo, Noemí

    2011-01-01

    Objeto: Zara abrió en España, Francia, Alemania, Reino Unido, Italia y Portugal su tienda online en la campaña otoño/invierno 2010. Se trata de un paso estratégico importante, encuadrado en la búsqueda que el Grupo Inditex realiza diariamente para ofrecer el mejor servicio a los clientes en todo el mundo. El presente trabajo analiza la notoriedad de marca de Zara y las posibilidades que plantea Internet como herramienta de comunicación y como canal de distribución. Diseño/metodología: Se ...

  18. CUBACOMERCIO.COM: UN PUNTO DE VENTA DE PRODUCTOS CUBANOS CON ALCANCE MUNDIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Froilán Zamora Quintana

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available

     Cuba Comercio.com

     es un Portal de Comercio Electrónico (PCE cuyos objetivos son los de promocionar, ofertar y vender los servicios que brindan las empresas cubanas, para acceder a nuevos clientes y mercados de una forma más rápida y simplificada, logrando incrementar los niveles de ingreso de divisas a la Economía Nacional. El PCE Cuba Comercio.com permite que sobre la misma plataforma puedan muchas empresas sostener su actividad de comercio electrónico, lo que representa tanto ofertar como vender productos y servicios. Además, CubaComercio.com permite a las empresas cubanas acceder al mercado mundial a través de una solución de comercio electrónico sustentada en una red de instituciones con alto nivel competitivo, y constituye una herramienta que influye en el aumento de la competitividad de las empresas y en el desarrollo de productos con alto valor agregado, sustentado en un grupo de ventajas a corto plazo que disminuyen los niveles de inversión de la empresa cubana. Los principales resultados de la implementación del PCE CubaComercio.com permitieron crear un procedimiento para la exportación a través del comercio electrónico de los productos cubanos y a su vez potenciar el desarrollo deservicios con mayor valor agregado.

  19. La Segunda Reforma de Salud. Aseguramiento y compra-venta de servicios

    OpenAIRE

    Asa Cristina Laurell; Joel Herrera Ronquillo

    2010-01-01

    El aseguramiento en salud es la propuesta de varios gobiernos latinoamericanos para lograr la cobertura universal en salud. Surge a raíz de la Segunda Reforma Social. Para conocer los resultados de los seguros de salud se analizan Chile, Colombia y México que tienen distintas formas y diversos tiempos de implantación. Se examinan los mismos aspectos para conocer si los seguros han cumplido sus objetivos. Los seguros no han alcanzado cobertura universal poblacional y la cobertura médica está l...

  20. Pozuelo de Alarcón, 1600-2000: De su venta a ciudad metropolitana

    OpenAIRE

    Morón García, María Esperanza; Otero Carvajal, Luis Enrique

    2016-01-01

    Reconstruir la evolución histórica de Pozuelo de Alarcón se encontraba con una primera dificultad de envergadura: la desaparición de prácticamente toda la documentación anterior a la guerra civil, consecuencia de la destrucción de la localidad durante la batalla de Madrid, al ser frente de guerra en el verano-otoño de 1936. El Ayuntamiento fue destruido fruto de la intensidad de los combates, y con él la documentación municipal. El segundo obstáculo, derivado del primero, tenía que ver con la...

  1. Níveis de proteína em suplementos para terminação de bovinos em pastejo durante o período de transição Seca/Águas: digestibilidade aparente e parâmetros do metabolismo ruminal e dos compostos nitrogenados Effects of feeding different protein levels of supplements to finishing cattle in pasture during the dry to rainy transition season on apparent digestibility and metabolism of ruminal and nitrogenous compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edenio Detmann

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se aspectos das digestibilidades aparente total e parcial e parâmetros do metabolismo ruminal e dos compostos nitrogenados em novilhos mestiços suplementados durante a fase de transição entre os períodos seco e chuvoso. Foram utilizados cinco novilhos mestiços holandês x zebu com idade e peso médios iniciais de 24 meses e 304 kg, manejados em cinco piquetes de B. decumbens (0,34 ha. Foram fornecidos suplementos (4 kg/animal/dia constituídos por fubá de milho, grão de soja integral, uréia, sulfato de amônia e mistura mineral, sendo formulados para apresentarem níveis de 12; 16; 20 e 24% de proteína bruta (PB, com base na matéria natural. O experimento foi conduzido em quatro períodos experimentais de 21 dias, sendo analisado por delineamento em quadrado latino 4x4. O quinto animal foi mantido sem suplementação e utilizado como medida de comparação descritiva (SAL. Não foram observados efeitos da composição dos suplementos sobre a digestibilidade total e parcial da matéria seca, matéria orgânica (MO e fibra em detergente neutro e sobre os fluxos abomasais de nitrogênio (N total, amoniacal e microbiano (NMIC. Os níveis de N amoniacal ruminal foram incrementados linearmente pela elevação dos níveis de PB dos suplementos. A eficiência de síntese microbiana apresentou valor médio de 17,5 g NMIC/kg MO fermentada no rúmen (MOFR para os suplementos, sendo superior a SAL (10,6 g NMIC/kg MOFR. A elevação dos níveisThe objective of this trial was to evaluate ruminal, intestinal, and total tract apparent digestibilities of nutrients as well as metabolism of ruminal and nitrogenous compounds in supplemented finishing cattle during the drought to rainy transition season. Five Holstein x Zebu steers averaging 304 kg of live weight and 24 months of age located in five paddocks (0.34 ha each of Brachiaria decumbens were used in this trial. The supplements fed (4 kg/animal/day contained ground corn, whole soybean

  2. Níveis de proteína em suplementos para terminação de bovinos em pastejo durante o período de transição seca/águas: consumo voluntário e trânsito de partículas Effects of feeding different protein levels of supplements to finishing cattle in pasture during the dry to rainy transition season on voluntary intake and passage of particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edenio Detmann

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se o consumo e os parâmetros da cinética de trânsito de partículas em bovinos suplementados durante a fase de transição entre os períodos seco e chuvoso. Foram utilizados cinco novilhos Holandês x Zebu com idade e peso médios iniciais de 24 meses e 304 kg, respectivamente, manejados em cinco piquetes de Brachiaria decumbens (0,34 ha. Foram fornecidos suplementos (4 kg/animal/dia, constituídos por fubá de milho, grão de soja integral, uréia, sulfato de amônia e mistura mineral, formulados para apresentarem níveis de 12, 16, 20 e 24% de proteína bruta (PB, com base na matéria natural. O experimento foi conduzido em quatro períodos experimentais de 21 dias e analisado por delineamento em quadrado latino 4 x 4. O quinto animal, mantido sem suplementação (controle, foi utilizado como medida de comparação descritiva. A forragem selecionada pelos animais apresentou teores médios de PB e fibra em detergente neutro (FDN de 109,9 e 564,4 g/kg de matéria seca (MS, respectivamente. A variação do nível de PB dos suplementos não alterou os consumos de MS, de matéria orgânica e de FDN. O fornecimento de suplementos reduziu o consumo de pastagem e ampliou o consumo de MS total em relação ao controle, com coeficiente médio de substituição de 0,41. O nível de PB dos suplementos não afetou a taxa de passagem ruminal das partículas, cujo valor médio (0,034 h-1, foi superior ao observado no controle (0,029 h-1.The objective of this trial was to evaluate the voluntary intake and ruminal passage of particles in supplemented finishing cattle during the drought to rainy transition season. Five Holstein x Zebu steers averaging 304 kg of live weight and 24 months of age located in five paddocks (0.34 ha each of Brachiaria decumbens were used in this trial. The supplements fed (4 kg/animal/day contained ground corn, whole soybean, urea, ammonium sulfate, and minerals and were formulated to yield, on as-fed basis, 12, 16, 20

  3. Elevation - LiDAR Survey - Rainy River, MN and Canada (Border Water)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — In November of 2006, Sanborn was contracted by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis District on behalf of the St. Paul District to execute a LIDAR (Light...

  4. Effect of supplementation of dry and rainy season grazing on some ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    apra.v4i3-4.49772 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER RESOURCES.

  5. Ingestive behavior of grazing heifers receiving crude glycerin supplementation during the dry-rainy season transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Visintin Silva de Almeida

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search to find food alternatives for corn and feeding alternatives that reduce the cost of production has been constant. The use of oleaginous grains to produce ethanol and biodiesel has produced an excess of byproducts, especially biodiesel which produces crude glycerin. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of including crude glycerin on the ingestive behavior of crossbred heifers supplemented with pasture. Thirty-six crossbred heifers with an initial mean weight of 301.5 ± 31 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with four treatments and nine replicates per treatment. The animals were kept in a Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich. Stapf 'Marandu' pasture in a rotational-grazing system. The treatments tested were 0.0%, 3.33%, 6.66%, and 9.99% crude glycerin included in total DM to replace corn (Tea mays L. Including crude glycerin reduced the time for grazing and eating at the trough and increased idle time. Rumination was quadratically influenced. Eating time (min kg-1 DM and neutral detergent fiber [NDF] was reduced, while rumination time (min kg-1 DM and NDF was quadratically affected by adding glycerin. The variables, time spent per ruminated bolus and the number of chews per day, were not affected. The number of boluses per day showed a quadratic effect. The number of grazing, idle, ruminating, and eating at the trough periods were not affected by including crude glycerin; means were 15.1, 24.9, and 13.3 and 3.71 periods d-1, respectively. Feed and rumination efficiency (kg h-1 DM and NDF increased when crude glycerin was included in the diet. Including crude glycerin promotes feed and rumination efficiency in grazing heifers.

  6. Complete breeding failures in ivory gull following unusual rainy storms in North Greenland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn Yannic

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Natural catastrophic events such as heavy rainfall and windstorms may induce drastic decreases in breeding success of animal populations. We report the impacts of summer rainfalls on the reproductive success of ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea in north-east Greenland. On two occasions, at Amdrup Land in July 2009 and at Station Nord in July 2011, we observed massive ivory gull breeding failures following violent rainfall and windstorms that hit the colonies. In each colony, all of the breeding birds abandoned their eggs or chicks during the storm. Juvenile mortality was close to 100% at Amdrup Land in 2009 and 100% at Station Nord in 2011. Our results show that strong winds associated with heavy rain directly affected the reproductive success of some Arctic bird species. Such extreme weather events may become more common with climate change and represent a new potential factor affecting ivory gull breeding success in the High Arctic.

  7. Milk quality in high production systems during dry and rainy seasons ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study aimed to evaluate the milk quality of crossbred cows from five production systems according to the quality parameters required by Normative Instruction No. 62 (NI 62). Five different production systems were used, with different environmental and sanitary conditions, and with animals from different breeds in two ...

  8. Cambial activity in dry and rainy season on branches from woody species growing in Brazilian Cerrado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmen R. Marcati; Silvia R. Machado; Diego Sotto Podadera; Natalia O. Totti de Lara; Fabio Bosio; Alex C. Wiedenhoeft

    2016-01-01

    Seasonal cambial activity was investigated in one- to three-year-old branch modules (branch constructional units) of ten woody species from cerrado sensu stricto, a savanna-like ecosystem, of southernBrazil. Relationships between cambial activity and environmental factors (precipitation, temperature,day length) and leaf production were tested using...

  9. Reduced herbivore pressure under rainy ENSO conditions could facilitate dryland reforestation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gutierrez, J.R.; Holmgren, M.; Manrique, R.; Squeo, F.A.

    2007-01-01

    Most semi-arid and arid regions around the world have lost a major part of their original vegetation. Restoration of once shrublands and woodlands is often challenged by low seedling establishment success due to water stress and herbivory. In some regions, increased rainfall during El Niño Southern

  10. Cattle production supplemented on signal grass pastures during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Eduardo Rozalino Santos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of four supplement doses (0, 1, 2 and 3 kg animal-1 day-1 on pasture characteristics and on cattle production on Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk pastures in continuous stocking with variable stocking rate were assessed. Experimental design comprised completely randomized blocks with two replications. Concentrate supplementation did not influence mass (4141 kg ha-1 of DM and production rate of forage (97.6 kg ha-1 day-1 of DM, morphological components and nutrition value in hand-plucked forage. Similarly, the number of live (1.607 tillers m-² and dead (636 tillers m-² tillers was not affected by concentrate supplementation. There were linear increases in animal performance (from 0.70 to 1.13 kg animal-1 day-1, stocking rate (1.9 to 3.8 animal unit ha-1 and animal production per area (1.8 to 6.2 kg ha-1 body weight with supplementation doses. Concentrate supplementation does not change the structural characteristics of signal grass pastures managed in continuous stocking at 20 cm high, but increases animal production.

  11. Indo-Pacific sea surface temperature influences on failed consecutive rainy seasons over eastern Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoell, Andrew; Funk, Christopher C.

    2014-01-01

    Rainfall over eastern Africa (10°S–10°N; 35°E–50°E) is bimodal, with seasonal maxima during the "long rains" of March–April–May (MAM) and the "short rains" of October–November–December (OND). Below average precipitation during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa can have devastating long-term impacts on water availability and agriculture. Here, we examine the forcing of drought during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa by Indo-Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs). The forcing of eastern Africa precipitation and circulation by SSTs is tested using ten ensemble simulations of a global weather forecast model forced by 1950–2010 observed global SSTs. Since the 1980s, Indo-Pacific SSTs have forced more frequent droughts spanning consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa. The increased frequency of dry conditions is linked to warming SSTs over the Indo-west Pacific and to a lesser degree to Pacific Decadal Variability. During MAM, long-term warming of tropical west Pacific SSTs from 1950–2010 has forced statistically significant precipitation reductions over eastern Africa. The warming west Pacific SSTs have forced changes in the regional lower tropospheric circulation by weakening the Somali Jet, which has reduced moisture and rainfall over the Horn of Africa. During OND, reductions in precipitation over recent decades are oftentimes overshadowed by strong year-to-year precipitation variability forced by the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation.

  12. Acute and chronic toxicity of sediment samples from Guanabara Bay (RJ during the rainy period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Alves Maranho

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Guanabara Bay is a marine-estuarine environment of high ecological and socio-economic importance, subject to a variety of environmental impacts. Sediment is the eventual repository for most substances introduced into water bodies and may, therefore, provide an integrated measure of the environmental quality, which can be assessed by many different approaches. In this project, the quality of sediments from Guanabara Bay was evaluated by the ecotoxicological approach: whole-sediment toxicity tests, using Tiburonella viscana, and porewater, elutriate and sediment-water interface chronic toxicity tests, using embryos of Lytechinus variegatus, were applied. Sediments were collected at 14 sampling stations, distributed across the bay. Chronic tests showed significant toxicity in most of the sediment samples. Sediments from stations 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12 and 15 showed acute toxicity as well. The results of the different tests were well correlated, and their integration showed that the sediments analyzed were considered unsuitable for aquatic life, resulting in the environmental degradation of Guanabara Bay. In this context, the control of pollution sources and multi-purpose management are required to improve the environmental quality.A Baía de Guanabara é um ambiente marinho-estuarino de grande relevância ecológica e sócio-econômica, e sujeita a uma ampla gama de impactos ambientais. O sedimento é o principal destino para a maioria das substâncias introduzidas nos corpos d'água, podendo fornecer uma medida integrada da qualidade ambiental, a qual pode ser avaliada por várias abordagens. Neste projeto, a qualidade de sedimentos da Baía de Guanabara foi por uma abordagem ecotoxicológica, por meio de testes de toxicidade aguda de sedimento integral, utilizando Tiburonella viscana, e testes de toxicidade crônica de água intersticial, elutriato e interface sedimento-água, utilizando embriões de Lytechinus variegatus. Os sedimentos foram coletados em 14 estações de amostragem. Nos testes crônicos houve efeitos significativos na maioria das amostras, enquanto os sedimentos coletados nas estações 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12 e 15 apresentaram também toxicidade aguda. Houve grande concordância entre os resultados dos diferentes testes, e sua integração mostrou que os sedimentos analisados encontram-se inadequados à vida aquática, indicando degradação ambiental na baía da Guanabara. Nesse contexto, o controle das fontes poluidoras e o gerenciamento dos múltiplos usos da baía devem ser implementados, no sentido da melhora da qualidade ambiental.

  13. Lake Morphometry for NHD Lakes in Souris Red Rainy Region 9 HUC

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Lake morphometry metrics are known to influence productivity in lakes and are important for building various types of ecological and environmental models of lentic...

  14. Acute and chronic toxicity of sediment samples from Guanabara Bay (RJ) during the rainy period

    OpenAIRE

    Maranho,Luciane Alves; Abreu,Ilene Matanó; Santelli,Ricardo Erthal; Cordeiro,Renato Campelo; Soares-Gomes,Abílio; Moreira,Lucas Buruaem; Morais,Rodofley Davino; Abessa,Denis Moledo de Sousa

    2010-01-01

    Guanabara Bay is a marine-estuarine environment of high ecological and socio-economic importance, subject to a variety of environmental impacts. Sediment is the eventual repository for most substances introduced into water bodies and may, therefore, provide an integrated measure of the environmental quality, which can be assessed by many different approaches. In this project, the quality of sediments from Guanabara Bay was evaluated by the ecotoxicological approach: whole-sediment toxicity te...

  15. Cultural traits of the Vends in the archaeological material from the Salaspils Laukskola cemetary / Anna Zariạ

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zariạ, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Väina-äärse liivi kalmistu leiud näitavad, et liivlaste kultuurile on jätnud jälje ka vendid (Kuramaa lännemeresoomlastest asukad). Vendid, kes 10. 12. saj. Põhja-Kuramaalt välja rändasid, võisid elama asuma Daugavaalamjooksule Laukskola külla. Vendide kultuurile iseloomulikust rõivakaunistusviisist

  16. Prantsuse tippnäitleja Perrier mängib Anna Politkovskaja lugu / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2009-01-01

    20. ja 21. okt. näeb Tallinnas Katariina kirikus prantsuse näitlejanna Mireille Perrier` esituses monotükki "Parandamatu", mis põhineb itaallase Stefano Massini näidendil "Donna non rieducabile". Tallinnasse kutsus näitlejanna esinema Lembit Peterson

  17. Carl Linnaeus, Erasmus Darwin and Anna Seward: Botanical Poetry and Female Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Sam

    2014-01-01

    This article will explore the intersection between "literature" and "science" in one key area, the botanical poem with scientific notes. It reveals significant aspects of the way knowledge was gendered in the Enlightenment, which is relevant to the present-day education of girls in science. It aims to illustrate how members of…

  18. Oma ala meistriks saab igaüks isemoodi / Anna-Liisa Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Anna-Liisa

    2014-01-01

    Selgusid kutsemeistrivõistluse "Noor meister 2014" parimad. Edukalt esinenud õppurid meisterkondiiter Helen Laht, ehituspuussepp Mirko Pruus, logistik Karl-Erik Maripuu, keskkonnatehnika lukksepp Robert Born, elektrik Tiit Talts ja müürsepp Sander Hindrikus räägivad oma ametiõpingutest ja tulevikuplaanidest

  19. Fabre Daniel, Iuso Anna, (Dir., Les monuments sont habités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Rivière

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Un coup fumant en couverture ! Une pyramide pharaonique, au pied de laquelle un touriste a laissé sa twingo verte, laisse échapper d’une cheminée un joli panache. Hello, mon vieux Kheops !... Pilote de la recherche patrimoniale au Ministère de la Culture, C. Hottin énonce d’abord sa mission monumentale de sauvegarde de châteaux et cités en adoptant le point de vue de D. Fabre sur la dynamique : déclassement du stigmate – classement comme mémoire – sur-classement pour une glorification, ainsi ...

  20. Povjestvovanije iz onogo mira. Sjuzan Taubes: Divorcing i Marija Rybakova: Anna Grom i jeje prizrak

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ulbrechtová, Helena

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 82, 1/2 (2013), s. 225-234 ISSN 0037-6736. [Mezinárodní sjezd slavistů /15./. Minsk, 20.08.2013-27.08.2013] Grant - others:program interní podpory projektů mezinárodní spolupráce AV ČR(CZ) M300921201 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : literature * gnosticism * Taubes, Susan * Rybakova, Maria Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  1. Hispaania otsib sõdurite hukkumise põhjust Afganistanis / Anna-Maria Penu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penu, Anna-Maria, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Hispaania peaminister Jose Luis Rodriguez katkestas seoses 17 Hispaania sõduri hukkumisega Afganistanis toimud kopteriõnnetuses oma puhkuse. Vasakpoolsed parteid nõuavad sõjaväe Afganistanist äratoomist. Afganistanis on praegu 850 Hispaania sõdurit, rahumissioonidel on neid kokku üle 2000. Vt. samas: Tugev tuul, tehniline rike või ikkagi mässuliste rünnak

  2. Baski terroristid on saavutanud suure võidu / Anna-Maria Penu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penu, Anna-Maria, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Hispaania peaministri Jose Luis Rodriquez Zapatero otsus alustada baski terroriorganisatsiooniga ETA läbirääkimisi ei leia mõistmist opositsioonis oleva Rahvapartei toetajate ja terroriohvrite omaste hulgas

  3. Kelle süül ikkagi nurjus Baskimaa rahuprotsess? / Anna-Maria Penu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penu, Anna-Maria, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Madridi lennujaama terminalis plahvatas pomm, riigi siseministri sõnul lõpetas see rahuprotsessi. Autori hinnangul eksis peaminister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, uskudes, et Baskimaa probleem on küpseks dialoogiks valmis. Lisa: Rahuvahendaja tekitas segadust

  4. Anna Dziemianko. User-friendliness of Verb Syntax in Pedagogical Dictionaries of English

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaël Abecassis

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available To be user-friendly, monolingual and bilingual dictionaries for foreign users must be both easy to use and easy to read. They are designed to help prospective users both encode and decode, and to facilitate the comprehension of some vocabulary items or particular grammatical constructions. However, it often happens in practice that dictionaries are not used fully because some users are not aware of the richness of their contents. In carrying out the redesign of their dictionaries, lexicographers have been helped greatly by the views, needs, and preferences of a wide range of language users, many of them, of course, from schools and universities as well as general language learners. Further adaptations always follow, based on the experience of using a new dictionary and for this purpose feedback is always of great importance. In the process of establishing a user-friendly dictionary, the changes, though extensive, remain modest but in the much longer term, more complex changes take place to incorporate revisions and give them new clarity and coherence across the many and expanding contexts in which they are used. Whether this redesign actually helps users is the subject of much research. Both traditional and electronic dictionaries have now included a large number of tools in the definition, such as IPA pronunciation, examples and syntactic information, often presented in the shape of codes which will enable users not only to understand a particular structure, but to be able to reuse it.

  5. Called to Teach: Percy and Anna Pennybacker's Contributions to Education in Texas, 1880-1899

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Kelley M.

    2012-01-01

    In 1879, with aid from the Peabody fund, Texas's first tax-supported teacher training institution, Sam Houston State Normal Institute (SHNI), opened on the site of the old Austin College in Huntsville (Richmond 1941, 37). The need for qualified educators in Texas was growing as the state struggled to make up for decades of neglect of and antipathy…

  6. Aegumatu Rootsi klaas ja tundmatute disainerite kummalised ideed / Anna-Liisa Soomann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomann, Anna-Liisa

    2007-01-01

    Göteborgi disainipoodidest ja tuntud disaineritest nagu Josef Frank (1885-1967), Carl Malmsten (1888-1972), Bruno Mathsson (1907-1988), Jonas Bohlin (1953), Marten Claesson (1970), Eero Koivisto (1958), Ola Rune (1963), Pia Wallen (1957), Thomas Sandell (1959) ja Pia Törnell (1963)

  7. Johani ja Anna-Liisa vana valge / Agneta Land-Koskinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Land-Koskinen, Agneta

    2007-01-01

    Renoveeritud vanas majas asuv korter, kus seinad on valged, mis on antiiksetele esemetele ja huvitavatele disainileidudele parimaks taustaks. Kultusobjektideks valgustid, nende hulgas ka Verner Pantoni ja Louis Poulseni loomingut

  8. Madalam latt : Anna oma jalgadele jõud isolatsiooniharjutuste, sangpommide ja õigete korduste seguga / David Barr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Barr, David

    2009-01-01

    Vastused küsimustele: Mis on kang rinnal küki ja kang turjal küki vahe? Kas sangpommitreeningut peaks tegema pärast raskuste tõstmist või eraldi treeninguna? Mis on parim raskuste ja korduste suhe jalgade lihasmassi kasvatamiseks?

  9. North Anna Power Station, Unit 2, Technical specifications: Appendix ''A'' to License No. NPF-7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    The document includes sections on definitions, safety limits and limiting safety systems settings, limiting conditions for operation and surveillance requirements, design features, and administrative controls

  10. Emociones y sensaciones en educación infantil: El monstruo de colores de Anna Llenas

    OpenAIRE

    García Torres, María Jesús

    2016-01-01

    Este TFG consta de una parte teórica en la que se aborda el concepto de cuento tradicional, siguiendo su evolución hasta llegar a la narrativa infantil actual en sus nuevos formatos de presentación: el álbum ilustrado y el novedoso pop-up. Por otro lado, mi estudio introductorio se complementa con la documentación sobre algunas compañías de teatro que centran su trabajo en la primera infancia y utilizan recursos basados también en la recepción sensorial y en el estímulo de la inteligencia em...

  11. Daniel Pipes: saabuvad kriisid näitavad Euroopa arengusuunda / Daniel Pipes ; interv. Iivi Anna Masso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pipes, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    Lähis-Ida uurija vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Iisraeli mainet, Hamasi ja Fatahi konflikti, Iisraeli ja palestiinlaste konflikti, islami ja islamismi erinevust, islamofoobia mõistet, tema ennustust islami ja Euroopa suhete kohta, sõnavabadust, vaenlast terrorismivastases sõjas, uuskonservatiivsuse mõistet, Euroopa Liitu, USA tulevaste presidendivalimiste tulemuse mõju maailmale. Uurija on seisukohal, et Euroopa ja seal elavate muslimite vahelistes suhetes kriisi ärahoidmiseks peaks Euroopa muslimid tõeliselt integreerima

  12. Red card for EU member-states? / Anna-Maria Galojan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2010-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsler Angela Merkel ütles Saksamaa parlamendile, et Euroopa Liidus kehtivad reeglid pole piisavalt tugevad, et tulevikus vajab Euroopa Liit oma lepingus sätet, mis võimaldaks viimase hädaabinõuna arvata riik euroalast välja. Autor leiab, et Baltimaad võiks arvestada sellega, et reeglite täitmine võib rahvale keeruline olla

  13. Sünnitades "Ema ja tütart" / Anna Hints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hints, Anna, 1982-

    2010-01-01

    Tartu sünnitusmajale Toomemäel, naise eluringile ja põlvkondade järjepidevusele pühendatud "Ema ja tütar" kui koha, heli, foto ja rituaalse tegevuse koostoimel sündinud autori tajuvõrgustikku dekodeeriv pärimusliku ja isikliku taustaga kunstitöö

  14. Nastojashtsheje volshebstvo bõvajet ne tolko v skazkah / Anna Orshanskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orshanskaja, Anna

    1999-01-01

    Juri Plenini kirjutatud ja lavastatud jõulunäidend lastele "Santa-Klausi kuldkelluke" Kultuurimajas "Rugodiv". Mängivad täiskasvanud ja lapsed stuudiotest "Shkola klounov", "Komiksõ" ja Natalja Mõttuse juhtimisel tegutsevast lastestuudiost "Jun-Osta"

  15. Õun. Minu kõige mõttetum ost : [jutt] / Anna Hints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hints, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Juuli 2004 ; August 2004 ; September 2004 ; September 2004, kuskil keskel ; September 2004, lõpus ; Oktoober 2004, 1. nädal ; Oktoober 2004, 2. nädal ; Oktoober 2004, 3. nädala alguses ; Oktoober 2004, 3. nädala lõpupoole ; Oktoober 2004, 4. nädal ; November 2004, 1. nädal ; November 2004, lõpp ; Jaanuar 2005, täna

  16. EU Common Energy Policy: A Trojan Horse for Member States? / Anna-Maria Galojan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu ja Venemaa suhetest energeetika valdkonnas. Autor leiab, et Eesti peaks aktiivselt osalema Euroopa Liidu ühise energiapoliitika väljatöötamisel ning mõstma, et see on osa välis- ja kaitsepoliitikast

  17. Anna Maria Jordan: Entgeltdiskriminierung in Frauenberufen? Frankfurt am Main u.a.: Peter Lang Verlag 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Jochmann-Döll

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Die Ursachen für die statistisch feststellbaren Entgeltunterschiede zwischen Frauen und Männern sieht Jordan überwiegend in autonomen Entscheidungen von Frauen, die zum Teil durch traditionelle familiäre Strukturen und alte Rollenmuster beeinflusst werden; hinzu kommen diskriminierende Tendenzen auf Seiten der Arbeitgeber. Zur Verringerung der Entgeltlücke werden die bestehenden familienpolitischen Maßnahmen des Staates und Initiativen zur Erweiterung des Berufswahlspektrums von Frauen und Männern begrüßt. Darüber hinaus schlägt Jordan allgemeine Mindestlöhne und Frauenquoten für gewerkschaftliche Führungspositionen vor. Eine gerichtliche Überprüfbarkeit des Prinzips des gleichen Entgelts für gleichwertige Arbeit wird jedoch abgelehnt, da sich der Wert von Arbeit nicht objektiv bestimmen lasse.Jordan sees the reasons for the statistically detectable differences in remuneration between women and men mainly in autonomous decisions by women, who are in parts influenced by traditional family structures and old role models, paired with discriminating tendencies on the employer side. Jordan appreciates the state’s existing family political measures as well as initiatives that aim at expanding the range of career choices of women and men. Furthermore, Jordan suggests general minimum wages and female quotas for union managerial positions. However, the author rejects a legal verifiability of the principle of equal pay for equal work since the value of work cannot be determined objectively.

  18. James Hurman "Sisuturundus ei anna kiiret lühiajalist efekti" / intervjueerinud Hando Sinisalu, Heidi Tiik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hurman, James

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Passwordi konverentsil ettekandega "Loovus ja äriedu: tõestus selle kohta, et loovad reklaamid suurendavad ärilist edukust" esineva James Hurmaniga edukatest kampaaniatest ja sisuturunduse efektiivsusest

  19. Uus näitlejapõlvkond endale armu ei anna / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia lavakunstikooli XXV lennu bakalaureuselavastus "Jumala narride Vennaskond" Tallinna Linnateatris. Lavastaja Elmo Nüganen, autor Peter Barnes. Juhan Ulfsaki lavastusest "Idioodid" Lars von Trieri samanimelise filmi järgi Von Krahli teatris. Mängivad TÜ Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia teatrikunsti 8. lennu Von Krahli kursuslased

  20. Die Weiterverbreitung digitaler Güter / Jochen Marly, Anna-Lena Wirz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marly, Jochen

    2017-01-01

    Autoriõigusega kaitstud digitaalse materjaliga seotud probleemidest, Euroopa Kohtu lahendist 174/15, mis käsitleb küsimust, kas raamatukogudel on lubatud laenata autoriõigustega kaitstud digitaalset E-raamatut samamoodi nagu paberkandjal raamatut. Vt. ka lk. 20-23

  1. Edgar Savisaar : Mina ei anna mitte mingit hinnangut / Edgar Savisaar ; interv. Dannar Leitmaa, Holger Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savisaar, Edgar, 1950-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna linnapea vastused linnavalitsuse pressikonverentsil küsimustele, mis puudutasid Keskerakonna suurrahastaja Oliver Kruuda omavolilist ehitamist Nõmmel. Vt. samas: Holger Roonemaa. Inspektorid ei pannud Kruuda tegevust tähele

  2. The generational relay race Boðhlaup kynslóðanna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gylfi Magnússon

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the development of private consumption, public consumption, national and domestic product in Iceland from 1870 to present times and projects likely changes for the next 50 years. It is established that the later people are born during this period the greater will their consumption be on average. The difference from one generation to the next is very large in the early part of the period analyzed here. It has since shrunk but is still substantial. Children born in the year 2010 can expect that their lifetime private consumption will be 22% larger than their parents and their consumption of public goods 78% larger. Both private and public consumption have increased substantially from one generation to the next but public consumption has grown faster. The article also estimates the value of the Icelandic economy based on its ability to create goods and services and finds that it was 51.100 billion ISK in the year 2011. That is sixty times greater than in the year 1870.Grein þessi fjallar um þróun einkaneyslu, samneyslu, þjóðar- og landsframleiðslu og eignir Íslendinga frá árinu 1870 og til vorra daga auk þess að spá líklegri þróun 50 ár fram í tímann. Í ljós kemur að því síðar sem fólk fæðist á þeim tíma sem skoðaður er þeim mun meiri verður neysla þeirra að jafnaði. Mjög mikill munur er á neyslu einstakra kynslóða framan af tímabilinu. Hann fer síðan minnkandi en er þó áfram talsverður. Þannig geta börn fædd árið 2010 vænst þess að samanlögð einkaneysla þeirra alla ævina verði um 22% meiri en foreldranna og samneysla 78% meiri. Bæði einkaneysla og samneysla hafa aukist verulega frá einni kynslóð til annarrar en þó samneysla hlutfallslega meira. Í greininni er jafnframt lagt mat á verðmæti íslenska hagkerfisins í ljósi framleiðslugetu þess og er niðurstaðan um 51.100 milljarðar árið 2011. Það er sextugföldun frá árinu 1870.

  3. DOE ZERH Case Study: Charles Thomas Homes, Anna Model, Omaha, NE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the cold climate that got a HERS 48 without PV, with 2x6 24” on center walls with R-23 blown fiberglass, ocsf at rim joists, basement with plus 2x4 stud walls with R-23 blown fiberglass, with R-20 around slab, R-38 under slab; a vented attic with R-100 blown cellulose; 95% AFUE furnace, 14 SEER AC, ERV; heat pump water heater.

  4. Lesnoi tsvetok : [luuletused] / Anna Haava ; lühibiograafia: O. K. [Oskar Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haava, Anna, pseud., 1864-1957

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Lesnoi tsvetok 1-2 / tlk. Bronislav Kezhun ; Net, stih ne vetrõ navevajut / tlk. Nora Javorskaja ; Odin lish raz ljubov bõvajet / tlk. B. Kezhun ; "Zabotõ svoi shoronila..." / tlk. Marina Tervonen ; Sodom i Gomorra / tlk. V. Sokolov ; Oh, rodina ; Vetra, tshto mansardu moju produvali / tlk. Nora Javorskaja. Orig.: Nõmmelill 1-2 ; Ei tule luule tuulest ; Üks ainus kord ; Mu mured kõik matsin ma maha ; Sina, Soodom ja Gomorra ; Oh kodumaa ; Kui puhus mu katusekambri tuul

  5. Field Report : Anna Plains and Roebuck Bay Benthic Invertebrate Mapping 2016

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piersma, Theunis; Pearson, Grant B.; Lavaleye, Marc S. S.; Hickey, Robert; Rogers, Danny; Holthuijsen, Sander; Estrella, Sora-Marin; de Goeij, Petra; Findlay, Naomi; Storey, Andrew W.

    2016-01-01

    This project has been funded by the Department of Parks and Wildlife partnership with BHP Billiton “Eighty Mile Beach and Walyarta Conservation Program”, with in-kind support from NIOZ and Wetland Research & Management This report was produced at the Broome Bird Observatory in late October 2016.

  6. "Notshnoi dozor" : Trofimov, Bortnik i Ahhedzhakova pobojalis igrat netshist / Anna Veligzhanina, Andrei Veligzhanin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veligzhanina, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Venemaal suure menuga linastunud fantaasiafilm Moskva vampiiridest "Öine patrull" ("Notshnoi dozor"). Osatäitjatest, ka neist, kes ei läbinud proovivõtteid, kui ka neist, kes pelgasid musti jõude ja vampiire mängida

  7. Endine Briti kaitseatašee Eestis : raiskajad tuleks vangi panna / Anna-Liisa Soomann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomann, Anna-Liisa

    2007-01-01

    Aastaid Eestis Suurbritannia kaitseatašeena töötanud ning hiljem kaitseministeeriumi nõustanud kolonelleitnant Glen Grant kritiseeris pärast Eestist lahkumist siinsete kaitsejõudude ülesehitust ning ametkondades levivat ressursside raiskamist. Lisa: Glen Grant. Vt. samas: Holger Roonemaa intervjuu Ants Laaneotsaga

  8. Anna Łebkowska, Empatia. O literackich narracjach przełomu XX i XXI wieku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Suchańska

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Empathie. À propos des narrations littéraires au tournant des XXe et XXIe siècles est le premier essai polonais qui analyse la prose à travers le prisme de l’empathie. Les travaux antérieurs consacrés à cette thématique (à l’instar de ceux de Michał Głowiński ou de Jarosław Płuciennik ne s’intéressent pas à l’empathie comme catégorie littéraire indépendante. Ils ne montrent pas les contextes possibles de sa compréhension ni les mécanismes empathiques sur fond de prose contemporaine. Le livre...

  9. Students̀ interest to studying English in a higher institution / Anna Artamonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artamonova, Anna

    2001-01-01

    Läti Ülikooli inglise keele osakonnas korraldati 2001.a. sept.-s kaugõppe üliõpilaste küsitlus. Küsitlustulemuste analüüsist selgus, et üliõpilastel on tugev saavutusmotivatsioon, st. nad soovivad omandada sügavaid teadmisi inglise keelest, saada kõrge kvalifikatsiooniga spetsialistiks, kuid ei ole samas huvitatud inglise kirjandusest kui erialast, soovides töötad teistel erialadel

  10. 76 FR 23846 - Virginia Electric Power Company, LLC, North Anna Power Station, Unit No. 1; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... Commission) now or hereafter in effect. The facility consists of a pressurized-water reactor located in... from all potential pressurized and unpressurized leakage sites in the reactor coolant pump lube oil... prevention, detection, control, extinguishment and preservation of safe shutdown capability is addressed for...

  11. Starõje kozõri v novoi igre / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2007-01-01

    Eesti arstkond on veendunud, et senise rahastamissüsteemiga jätkates pole edaspidi võimalik osutada samas mahus tervishoiuteenuseid ja 17. jaanuari tervishoiutöötajate streik on endiselt päevakorras

  12. I have to have a mask, a mad mask”. Polemicising with Maria Anna Potocka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Okołowicz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Polemicising with Maria A. Potocka’s view, the author reflects on the problem of mask and facial expression in the life and work of S.I. Witkiewicz. They appear here as an expression of philosophy of man, a specific feature of the personality of the author of Szewcy [The Shoemakers] whose whole life, artistic and philosophical activity was marked by “facial expression”. The article also reminds the unusually important texts of Stefan Szuman, Witkacy’s friend, who points to the essence of Witkacy’s portraits. The last question discussed in this article is the problem of ascribing to Witkacy of the authorship of most of the photographs in which he is presented (since they are a documentation of his artistic creations while actually the authors of these photographs are a dozen or so photographer friends of Witkacy.

  13. Tänapäevased liikursuurtükid / Anna Kern

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kern, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Riigikaitse arengukavas (a. 2013-2022) on ette nähtud võimalused 1. jalaväebrigaadile hankida tänapäevased liikursuurtükid. Ülevaade liikursuurtükkide loomisest, kasutamisest sõdades ja tänapäevase liikursuurtüki iseloomustus. Näiteid erinevtest liikursuurtükkidest: Archer (Rootsi), Panzerhaubitze 2000 (Saksamaa), Caesar (Prantsusmaa), M777 (USA). Lisatud tabel tehniliste andmetega

  14. Alaskan Native High School Dropouts: A Report Prepared for Project ANNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Desa

    Presented is a summary of the Alaskan Native high school dropouts. The data collected on 180 Native Alaskan high school dropouts was taken from the regional dormitories at Nome, Kodiak, Bethel and Boarding Home programs in Anchorage, Tok, Fairbanks, Dillingham, and Ketchikan. Students who terminated for academic reasons, failed to attend school,…

  15. Remote Search and Seizure in Domestic Criminal Procedure: Estonian Case Study / Anna-Maria Osula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Osula, Anna-Maria, 1984-

    2016-01-01

    Euroopa Nõukogu arvutikuritegevusvastase konventsiooni artiklitest, mis on seotud kaugläbiotsimisega, artikli (32)b tõlgendamisraskustest. Erinevate riikide s.h. Eesti kaugläbiotsimise regulatsioonide võrdlus

  16. LA VENTA DE EMPRESAS COSTARRICENSES A LA INVERSION EXTRANJERA: UNA APROXIMACIÓN DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA ACADÉMICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Murillo Scott

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The School of Business and the Institute for Research on Economic Sciences of the University of Costa Rica, hereby present the most important results of the first phase of an exploratory work about the conditions affecting the dynamics of the selling of local capital companies to foreign companies or conglomerates, during the last 10 years (2002-2012. The present article deals with the perspective of a group of twenty five professors with varied amount of knowledge and experience in the field, which allows a preliminary approach to the matter, in this case, from the academic point of view. First hand experiences are also present in these initial results, due to the direct involvement of some of the participants in the buying-selling processes to which this work is referring. In this way, we offer the academic and other interested sectors, national and international, one first perception about this phenomenon and its relation with the role that it will probably play in the teaching processes of local schools of business and their impact on cultural, social, economic and academic development of the country.

  17. Cálculo de la estructura de una nave industrial destinada a la venta y almacenaje de muebles

    OpenAIRE

    Harana Herrera, Marta

    2017-01-01

    Dicho proyecto está estructurado en varios documentos, memoria, anexo (cálculo estructural, estudio geotécnico, estudio básico de seguridad y salud), planos, pliego de condiciones, mediciones y presupuesto

  18. De Tihosuco a La Habana: la venta de indios yucatecos a Cuba durante la Guerra de Castas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaskun ÁLVAREZ CUARTERO

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Como consecuencia de la Guerra de Castas desatada en Yucatán (1847-1901 las autoridades locales decidieron «limpiar el territorio de indios». Una de las soluciones elegidas fue la de llevar a Cuba a colonos mayas bajo un régimen de trabajo semiesclavo. La escasez de mano de obra en la isla proporcionó el acuerdo entre las elites de ambos territorios para organizar el comercio de mayas. El presente artículo repasa el origen y los aspectos más destacados de este negocio.

  19. Algunos peligros químicos y nutricionales del consumo de los alimentos de venta en espacios públicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhon Jairo Bejarano Roncancio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Los alimentos manufacturados y comercializados pueden contener peligros químicos por sustancias adicionadas intencionalmente como los aditivos que utiliza la industria, otros añadidos por el consumidor y contaminantes naturales como metales que se pueden obtener del aire en el espacio público; también se consideran peligrosos los cambios químicos que tienen algunos nutrientes como las grasas y los aceites (lípidos y el uso excesivo de estas en la dieta. Algunos métodos de cocción empleados y el material de elaboración de los utensilios pueden llevar, a largo plazo, a desarrollar enfermedades crónicas y toxicidad. Este documento aborda aquellos alimentos y productos que se expenden en los espacios públicos, restaurantes, cafeterías y centros gastronómicos. Esta revisión no tiene intención de sancionar el expendio en espacios públicos, pero sí alertar sobre algunos métodos de cocción, el uso de aditivos alimentarios comúnmente utilizados y las prácticas alimentarias poco responsables, para concientizar al consumidor sobre los peligros.

  20. Edificio singular para la administración de una empresa en Venta de Baños, Palencia

    OpenAIRE

    Reyero Baños, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Proyecto de un edificio singular de oficinas para el control de una industrial. Constará de una parte administrativa y de atención al público, y otra más especifica en los distintos despachos. Se realizara la estructura metálica, distribución en tres plantas, incluye zona descanso y aseos para trabajadores, y todas las instalaciones necesarias Departamento de Ciencias de los Materiales e Ingeniería Metalúrgica, Expresión Gráfica en la Ingeniería, Ingeniería Cartográfica, Geodes...