WorldWideScience

Sample records for raini stamm meelis

  1. Meelis Urbani unistus / Tiit Elner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elner, Tiit

    1999-01-01

    Ettevõtja Meelis Urbani plaan ehitada Kiviõli põlevkivikarjääri 60 milj. krooni maksev meelelahutuskeskus. Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii, 22. mai 1999, lk. 9; Delovõje Vedomosti, 2. juuni 1999, lk. 32

  2. Allan Allmere: tulevane Meelis Atonen / Henri Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arras, Henri

    2009-01-01

    Liberalismi Akadeemia juht ja Tallinna reforminoorte esimees Allan Allmere keskendub 2009. aastal Tallinna linnavolikokku kandideerides peamiselt noortele ja nende probleemidele. Noormehe hobiks on väärtpaberiturgudel mängimine ning oma eeskujudena nimetab ta USA majandusteadlast Milton Friedmani ja Meelis Atoneni

  3. Rainy Weather Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Karen

    1996-01-01

    Presents ideas on the use of rainy weather for activities in the earth, life, and physical sciences. Topics include formation and collision of raindrops, amount and distribution of rain, shedding of water by plants, mapping puddles and potholes, rainbow formation, stalking storms online, lightning, and comparing particles in the air before and…

  4. Rainy Day Stocks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gormsen, Niels Joachim; Greenwood, Robin

    We study the good- and bad-times performance of equity portfolios formed on characteristics. Many characteristics associated with good performance during bad times—value, profitability, small size, safety, and total volatility—also perform well during good times. Stocks with characteristics...... signifying high liquidity, such as high turnover and low bid-ask spreads, perform well during bad times but otherwise underperform. We develop a simple but flexible procedure to recover a “risk neutral alpha” that recognizes a 1% return experienced during bad times as being more valuable than a 1% return...... generated during good times. We also show how an investor can build a “rainy day” portfolio that minimizes underperformance during bad times...

  5. Kuidas IDECiga sujub? / Meeli Pandis ; vahendas Mari Karm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pandis, Meeli

    2002-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti Lugemisühingu juhatuse esinaise Meeli Pandisega : 23. nov. 2001. a. toimus Tallinnas IRA (International Reading Association) Euroopa arenduskomitee IDECi (International Development in Europe Committee) seminar "Koolid, kus kirjaoskus sujub" ("Schools where literacy thrives"). Seminarile järgneb 2003. a. 6.-9. juulil Eestis toimuv Euroopa Lugemiskonverents

  6. Jutustamine kui kunst / Tuula Hyyrö ; kommenteerinud Meeli Pandis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hyyrö, Tuula

    2009-01-01

    Suulised rahvatraditsioonid ei ole tänapäevalgi oma tähtsust minetanud, vaid on muutunud kunstiharuks, mida saab ülikoolis valikainena õppida. Juttude jutustamisest, muinasjuttude rääkimisest. Kommenteerib Eesti Lugemisühingu juhatuse liige Meeli Pandis

  7. Meelis Lao astub kohtu ette McDonald's Eesti ründamise eest / Martin Hanson, Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2005-01-01

    Prokuratuur süüdistab Meelis Laod McDonald'si omavolilises sulgemises rendivaidluse tõttu. Skeem: Meelis Laoga seotud firmad. Vt. samas: Omakohus kohut ei mõjutanud; Mõis: Lao tegutseb efektiivselt

  8. Meelis Lao kuulutas eile sõja McDonald'sile / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Ärimees Meelis Lao lasi rendivaidlusele viidates sulgeda Viru tänava kiirtoitlustusasutuse McDonald's. Vt. samas: McDonald'si rendivaidlus küünib aastate taha; McDonald's andis asja politseisse; Meelis Lao kannab probleemide lahendaja tiitlit

  9. Meelis Virkebau : Kreenholm peaks meediaga suhtlema / Tanel Mazur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mazur, Tanel, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narva Postiljon, 5. apr. 2007, lk. 1,2; Narvskaja Gazeta, 5. apr. 2007, lk. 1,2. Kreenholmi endine juht Meelis Virkebau ei mõista Narva linnapea Tarmo Tammiste seisukohta, et 3000 töötut ei ole linnale probleem, samuti peab ta mõtlematuks peaminister Andrus Ansipi väidet, et Kreenholmi probleem pole nii hull kui paistab. M. Virkebau selgitab oma lahkumist ettevõtte juhi kohalt 2003. aastal

  10. Klaas on kaasaegne ja vastupidav materjal : skulptuur / Meeli Kõiva ; interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõiva, Meeli

    2007-01-01

    Klaasikunstnik Meeli Kõiva tutvustas Tamperes klaasifoorumil "Glass Performance Days 2007" oma klaasvalgusskulptuure. Ettekanne valmis koostöös Aulis Bertiniga. Arhitektuursest klaasikunstist, koostööst Ekku Peltomäkiga, Eestis teostamata jäänud klaas- ja valgusskulptuuridest, kunstist, mida 1% ulatuses kogu hoone maksumusest rahastatakse

  11. Meeli Kõiva vitraažid ajakirja Stained Glass talvenumbris / Rein Eriksson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eriksson, Rein

    1998-01-01

    Intervjuust Meeli Kõivaga Ameerika Ühendriikide vitraažikunstnike Assotsiatsiooni ajakirja "Stained Glass" talvenumbris. Avaldati 8 fotot kunstniku vitraažidest. Artikli "Unistused transparentsest ruumist" autor - USA vitraažikunstnike Assotsiatsiooni endine president Helene Weiss. M. Kõiva esines aprillis 1997 akvarellidega grupinäitusel New Yorgis, Broadway galeriis Art 54.

  12. Välisilm muudab koduse aja huvitavaks / Helgi Kaldma ; kommenteerinud Meelis Sõerd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldma, Helgi, 1933-2011

    2010-01-01

    Ajalehtede kollektsionääril ja Moori küla seltsingu asutajal on olemas kõik 201 Eestis ilmunud valla- ja linnalehte, samuti palju välismaiseid väljaandeid. Kommenteerib "Lõuna-Mulgimaa" toimetaja Meelis Sõerd

  13. Pangad nopivad odava kinnisvara / Birjo Must ; kommenteerinud Hannes Kuhlbach, Meelis Šokman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Must, Birjo

    2010-01-01

    Võrreldes 2010. a. algusega on SEB makseraskustes klientidelt ostetud kinnisvara mahu neljakordistanud, Swedbank on mahu enam kui kahekordistanud. Kommenteerivad SEB kinnisvarahaldusfirma Estectus OÜ juht Hannes Kuhlbach ja Swedbanki Eesti kinnisvarahalduse ettevõtte Ektornet Residential Estonia OÜ juht Meelis Šokman

  14. "Tallinn Treff" - maailma lavade uus põlvkond Tallinnas / Meelis Pai, Vahur Keller, Reeda Toots ; intervjueerinud Margot Visnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pai, Meelis, 1968-

    2009-01-01

    30. maist 6. juunini toimuvast rahvusvahelisest nukuteatrifestivalist "Tallinn Treff" ning selle alafestivalist "Noor vaim" annavad ülevaate festivali peakorraldaja Meelis Pai, kusntiline juht Vahut Keller ja "Noor vaimu" juht Reeda Toots

  15. Global warming induced hybrid rainy seasons in the Sahel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salack, Seyni; Klein, Cornelia; Giannini, Alessandra; Sarr, Benoit; Worou, Omonlola N.; Belko, Nouhoun; Bliefernicht, Jan; Kunstman, Harald

    2016-10-01

    The small rainfall recovery observed over the Sahel, concomitant with a regional climate warming, conceals some drought features that exacerbate food security. The new rainfall features include false start and early cessation of rainy seasons, increased frequency of intense daily rainfall, increasing number of hot nights and warm days and a decreasing trend in diurnal temperature range. Here, we explain these mixed dry/wet seasonal rainfall features which are called hybrid rainy seasons by delving into observed data consensus on the reduction in rainfall amount, its spatial coverage, timing and erratic distribution of events, and other atmospheric variables crucial in agro-climatic monitoring and seasonal forecasting. Further composite investigations of seasonal droughts, oceans warming and the regional atmospheric circulation nexus reveal that the low-to-mid-level atmospheric winds pattern, often stationary relative to either strong or neutral El-Niño-Southern-Oscillations drought patterns, associates to basin warmings in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea to trigger hybrid rainy seasons in the Sahel. More challenging to rain-fed farming systems, our results suggest that these new rainfall conditions will most likely be sustained by global warming, reshaping thereby our understanding of food insecurity in this region.

  16. Predictability of rainy season onset and cessation in east Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, B.-M.

    2012-04-01

    PREDICTABILITY OF RAINY SEASONS ONSET AND CESSATION IN EAST AFRICA Boyard-Micheau Joseph, joseph.boyard-micheau@u-bourgogne.fr Camberlin Pierre, Kenya and northern Tanzania mainly display bimodal rainfall regimes, which are controlled by the annual migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone on both sides of the equator. In the low-income, semi-arid areas, food security is highly dependent on cereal yields (maize, millet and sorghum). Vulnerability is aggravated by the fact that these crops are mostly rainfed, and rely on the performance of the two, relatively brief rainy seasons. This performance depends on a combination of several rainy season characteristics, or rainfall descriptors, such as the onset and cessation dates of the rains, the frequency of rainy days, their intensity and the occurrence of wet/dry spells. The prediction of these descriptors some time (>15 days) before the real onset of the rainy season can be seen as a useful tool to help in the establishment of agricultural adaptation strategies. The main objective consists to understand linkages between regional variability of these rainfall descriptors and global modes of the climate system, in order to set up efficient predictive tools based on Model Output Statistics (MOS). The rainfall descriptors are computed from daily rainfall data collected for the period 1961-2001 from the Kenya Meteorological Department, the IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Center and the Tanzania Meteorological Agency. An initial spatial coherence analysis assesses the potential predictability of each descriptor, permitting eventually to eliminate those which are not spatially coherent, on the assumption that low spatial coherence denotes low potential predictability. Rainfall in East Africa simulated by a 24-ensemble member of the ECHAM 4.5 atmospheric general circulation model is compared with observations, to test the reproducibility of the rainfall descriptors. Canonical Correlation Analysis is next used to

  17. Designing Yellow Intervals for Rainy and Wet Roadway Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huan Li

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The research presented in this paper quantifies and models the impact of wet pavement surface and rainy weather conditions on driver perception-reaction times (PRTs, deceleration levels, and traffic signal change interval durations. A total of 648 stop-run records were collected as part of the research effort for a 72 km/h (45 mi/h approach speed where participant drivers encountered a yellow indication initiation at different distances from the intersection. The participant drivers were randomly selected in different age groups (under 40 years old, 40 to 59 years old, and 60 years of age or older and genders (female and male. Using the gathered data, statistical models for driver PRT and deceleration levels were developed, considering roadway surface and environmental parameters, driver attributes (age and gender, roadway grade, approaching speed, and time and distance to the intersection at the onset of yellow. Inclement weather yellow timings were then developed and summarized in lookup tables as a function of different factors (driver age/gender, roadway grade, speed limit, precipitation level, and roadway surface condition to provide practical guidelines for the design of yellow signal timings in wet and rainy weather conditions. The results indicate that wet roadway surface conditions require a 5 percent increase in the change interval and that rainy conditions require a 10 percent or more increase in the duration of the change interval. These recommended change durations can also be integrated within the Vehicle Infrastructure Integration (VII initiative to provide customizable driver warnings prior to a transition to a red indication.

  18. A Lagrangian identification of the main sources of moisture affecting northeastern Brazil during its pre-rainy and rainy seasons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Drumond

    Full Text Available This work examines the sources of moisture affecting the semi-arid Brazilian Northeast (NEB during its pre-rainy and rainy season (JFMAM through a Lagrangian diagnosis method. The FLEXPART model identifies the humidity contributions to the moisture budget over a region through the continuous computation of changes in the specific humidity along back or forward trajectories up to 10 days period. The numerical experiments were done for the period that spans between 2000 and 2004 and results were aggregated on a monthly basis. Results show that besides a minor local recycling component, the vast majority of moisture reaching NEB area is originated in the south Atlantic basin and that the nearby wet Amazon basin bears almost no impact. Moreover, although the maximum precipitation in the "Poligono das Secas" region (PS occurs in March and the maximum precipitation associated with air parcels emanating from the South Atlantic towards PS is observed along January to March, the highest moisture contribution from this oceanic region occurs slightly later (April. A dynamical analysis suggests that the maximum precipitation observed in the PS sector does not coincide with the maximum moisture supply probably due to the combined effect of the Walker and Hadley cells in inhibiting the rising motions over the region in the months following April.

  19. Disaggregation of Rainy Hours: Compared Performance of Various Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Haha, M.; Hingray, B.; Musy, A.

    In the urban environment, the response times of catchments are usually short. To de- sign or to diagnose waterworks in that context, it is necessary to describe rainfall events with a good time resolution: a 10mn time step is often necessary. Such in- formation is not always available. Rainfall disaggregation models have thus to be applied to produce from rough rainfall data that short time resolution information. The communication will present the performance obtained with several rainfall dis- aggregation models that allow for the disaggregation of rainy hours into six 10mn rainfall amounts. The ability of the models to reproduce some statistical character- istics of rainfall (mean, variance, overall distribution of 10mn-rainfall amounts; ex- treme values of maximal rainfall amounts over different durations) is evaluated thanks to different graphical and numerical criteria. The performance of simple models pre- sented in some scientific papers or developed in the Hydram laboratory as well as the performance of more sophisticated ones is compared with the performance of the basic constant disaggregation model. The compared models are either deterministic or stochastic; for some of them the disaggregation is based on scaling properties of rainfall. The compared models are in increasing complexity order: constant model, linear model (Ben Haha, 2001), Ormsbee Deterministic model (Ormsbee, 1989), Ar- tificial Neuronal Network based model (Burian et al. 2000), Hydram Stochastic 1 and Hydram Stochastic 2 (Ben Haha, 2001), Multiplicative Cascade based model (Olsson and Berndtsson, 1998), Ormsbee Stochastic model (Ormsbee, 1989). The 625 rainy hours used for that evaluation (with a hourly rainfall amount greater than 5mm) were extracted from the 21 years chronological rainfall series (10mn time step) observed at the Pully meteorological station, Switzerland. The models were also evaluated when applied to different rainfall classes depending on the season first and on the

  20. Aspects Concerning the Rainy Spells in the Western Plain of Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EUGENIA ŞERBAN

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work analyses the rainy spells on the territory of the Western Plain at the North of the Mureş River. Daily precipitation data were used from a number of 5 weather stations and for a period of 42 years (1961-2002. Only the stations with a common observation period were chosen. Periods with two or more consecutive rainy days were studied and the analyses show a total of about 7,000 rainy spells. The number of the rainy spells grows from the South to the North once with the latitude but also from the West to the East, once with the altitude. Within a year may occur, on the average, about 30-35 rainy spells with an average duration of 4 days. The duration of the rainy spells varies between 2-19 days. On the analysed territory, 119-141 rainy days may occur annually, on the average. Namely, on this territory it rains on the average about 4-4.5 months a year. Most of the rainy days were recorded in the intervals November-January and April-June.

  1. Comparison of Freshwater Mollusc Assemblages between Dry and Rainy Season in Situ Gede System, Bogor, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priawandiputra, W.; Nasution, D. J.; Prawasti, T. S.

    2017-03-01

    Anthropogenic activities, which reduced and damaged natural situ (freshwater ponds), also reduced fauna diversity in its aquatic ecosystem. Freshwater molluscs in the situ, one of the largest numbers of animals group with documented extinction, may also be impacted. The aims of this study were to record and to compare the abundance and species composition of freshwater molluscs between dry and rainy season in three situ. The freshwater molluscs were determined by twelve sampling points in Situ Gede (SG), Situ Panjang (SP) and Situ Burung (SB). Samplings were conducted once during dry season (August 2015) and rainy season (February 2016). Total abundance of molluscs encountered was 4321 individuals, which was comprised of 76 bivalve individuals (1.75 %) and 4245 gastropods individuals (98.44%). The abundance of molluscs were generally higher in rainy season than in dry season in all situ, while species richness showed the contrary. The species composition was significantly different between dry and rainy season in SP and SB but no significant differences was found in SG. From eight dominant species, there were six dominant species such as Filopaludina javanica, Melanoides tuberculata, Thiara scabra, Sermyla requeti, Pila scutata (gastropods) and Pilsbryoconcha exilis (bivalve) which were found in high numbers during dry season while two gastropod species (Pomacea canaliculata and Wattebledia crosseana) was numbered higher in rainy season than dry season.

  2. Impact of ENSO regimes on developing- and decaying-phase precipitation during rainy season in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Qing; Hao, Zhenchun; Yuan, Feifei; Su, Zhenkuan; Berndtsson, Ronny; Hao, Jie; Nyima, Tsring

    2017-11-01

    This study investigated the influence of five El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) types on rainy-season precipitation in China: central Pacific warming (CPW), eastern Pacific cooling (EPC), eastern Pacific warming (EPW), conventional ENSO and ENSO Modoki. The multi-scale moving t test was applied to determine the onset and withdrawal of rainy season. Results showed that the precipitation anomaly can reach up to 30 % above average precipitation during decaying CPW and EPW phases. Developing EPW could cause decreasing precipitation over large areas in China with 10-30 % lower than average precipitation in most areas. Conventional El Niño in the developing phase had the largest influence on ENSO-related precipitation among developing ENSO and ENSO Modoki regimes. Decaying ENSO also showed a larger effect on precipitation anomalies, compared to decaying ENSO Modoki. The difference between rainy-season precipitation under various ENSO regimes may be attributed to the combined influence of anti-cyclone in the western North Pacific and the Indian monsoon. Stronger monsoon and anti-cyclone are associated with enhanced rainy-season precipitation. The results suggest a certain predictability of rainy-season precipitation related to ENSO regimes.

  3. Vegetative substrates used by larval northern pike in Rainy and Kabetogama Lakes, Minnesota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anne L. Timm; Rodney B. Pierce

    2015-01-01

    Our objective was to identify characteristics of aquatic vegetative communities used as larval northern pike nursery habitat in Rainy and Kabetogama lakes, glacial shield reservoirs in northern Minnesota. Quatrefoil light traps fished at night were used to sample larval northern pike in 11 potential nursery areas. Larval northern pike were most commonly sampled among...

  4. Phytoplankton dynamics of a tropical river: A dry and rainy season ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The season in different groups were green algae and pennate diatoms. Quantitatively, the dominant taxa during the rainy season were Aulacoseira spp. whereas in the dry season, phytoplankton flora was dominated by a baculifom1 desmid-Desmidium aptogonium var. tetragonium and a filamentous pennate diatom ...

  5. Milk quality in high production systems during dry and rainy seasons ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Milk quality in high production systems during dry and rainy seasons according to normative instruction N° 62. Cristiane Isabô Giovannini, Priscila Alonso dos Santos, Thiago Soares de Carvalho, Jakeline Fernandes Cabral, Thamara Evangelista Silva, Edmar Soares Nicolau ...

  6. PERFORMANCE OF BALI BULL IN GREENLOT FATTENING BY FARMERS WHEN RAINY SEASON IN TIMOR ISLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.K. Tahuk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to determine the performance of Bali bull in rainy season underfeedlotting management on farmer level in Timor Island. Twenty Bali bulls with 2.0-2.5 years old on thebasis of teeth eruption were used in this study. Feed for animals was field grass, king grass and cornstraw. The type, quantity and quality of feed given in accordance with the habits of farmers in thefattened cattle. Research was conducted by direct observation in farmer management during rainyseason. Data measured were daily gain, feed consumption and feed conversion. The data collected wastabulated and analyzed descriptively. The result showed that the average of daily gain weight was 0.53kg/head/d, dry matter intake was 3.88 kg/head/d and feed conversion was 7.55 kg DM/kg daily gain. Inconclusion, performance of Bali bull fattened at farmers level with forage in the rainy season could beimproved.

  7. Fewer rainy days and more extreme rainfall by the end of the century in Southern Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Benjamin; Macron, Clémence; Monerie, Paul-Arthur

    2017-04-13

    Future changes in the structure of daily rainfall, especially the number of rainy days and the intensity of extreme events, are likely to induce major impacts on rain-fed agriculture in the tropics. In Africa this issue is of primary importance, but the agreement between climate models to simulate such descriptors of rainfall is generally poor. Here, we show that the climate models used for the fifth assessment report of IPCC simulate a marked decrease in the number of rainy days, together with a strong increase in the rainfall amounts during the 1% wettest days, by the end of the 21st century over Southern Africa. These combined changes lead to an apparent stability of seasonal totals, but are likely to alter the quality of the rainy season. These evolutions are due to the superposition of slowly-changing moisture fluxes, mainly supported by increased hygrometric capacity associated with global warming, and unchanged short-term atmospheric configurations in which extreme events are embedded. This could cause enhanced floods or droughts, stronger soil erosion and nutriment loss, questioning the sustainability of food security for the 300 million people currently living in Africa south of the Equator.

  8. Bifurcation of Lane Change and Control on Highway for Tractor-Semitrailer under Rainy Weather

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Peng

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A new method is proposed for analyzing the nonlinear dynamics and stability in lane changes on highways for tractor-semitrailer under rainy weather. Unlike most of the literature associated with a simulated linear dynamic model for tractor-semitrailers steady steering on dry road, a verified 5DOF mechanical model with nonlinear tire based on vehicle test was used in the lane change simulation on low adhesion coefficient road. According to Jacobian matrix eigenvalues of the vehicle model, bifurcations of steady steering and sinusoidal steering on highways under rainy weather were investigated using a numerical method. Furthermore, based on feedback linearization theory, taking the tractor yaw rate and joint angle as control objects, a feedback linearization controller combined with AFS and DYC was established. The numerical simulation results reveal that Hopf bifurcations are identified in steady and sinusoidal steering conditions, which translate into an oscillatory behavior leading to instability. And simulations of urgent step and single-lane change in high velocity show that the designed controller has good effects on eliminating bifurcations and improving lateral stability of tractor-semitrailer, during lane changing on highway under rainy weather. It is a valuable reference for safety design of tractor-semitrailers to improve the traffic safety with driver-vehicle-road closed-loop system.

  9. Regional Frequency Analysis of Extreme Dry Spells during Rainy Season in the Wei River Basin, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunxian She

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Our research analyzes the regional changes of extreme dry spell, represented by the annual maximum dry spell length (noted as AMDSL during the rainy season in the Wei River Basin (WRB of China for 1960–2014 using the L-moments method. The mean AMDSL values increase from the west to the east of the WRB, suggesting a high dry risk in the east compared to the west in the WRB. To investigate the regional frequency more reasonably, the WRB is clustered into four homogenous subregions via the K-means method and some subjective adjustments. The goodness-of-fit test shows that the GEV, PE3, and GLO distribution can be accepted as the “best-fit” model for subregions 1 and 4, subregion 2, and subregion 3, respectively. The quantiles of AMDSL under various return levels figure out a similar spatial distribution with mean AMDSL. We also find that the dry risk in subregion 2 and subregion 4 might be higher than that in subregion 1. The relationship between ENSO events and extreme dry spell events in the rainy season with cross wavelet analysis method proves that ENSO events play a critical role in triggering extreme dry events during rainy season in the WRB.

  10. Fewer rainy days and more extreme rainfall by the end of the century in Southern Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Benjamin; Macron, Clémence; Monerie, Paul-Arthur

    2017-04-01

    Future changes in the structure of daily rainfall, especially the number of rainy days and the intensity of extreme events, are likely to induce major impacts on rain-fed agriculture in the tropics. In Africa this issue is of primary importance, but the agreement between climate models to simulate such descriptors of rainfall is generally poor. Here, we show that the climate models used for the fifth assessment report of IPCC simulate a marked decrease in the number of rainy days, together with a strong increase in the rainfall amounts during the 1% wettest days, by the end of the 21st century over Southern Africa. These combined changes lead to an apparent stability of seasonal totals, but are likely to alter the quality of the rainy season. These evolutions are due to the superposition of slowly-changing moisture fluxes, mainly supported by increased hygrometric capacity associated with global warming, and unchanged short-term atmospheric configurations in which extreme events are embedded. This could cause enhanced floods or droughts, stronger soil erosion and nutriment loss, questioning the sustainability of food security for the 300 million people currently living in Africa south of the Equator.

  11. Regional Climate Model Evaluation of the Mesoamerican Rainy Season and Mid-Summer Drought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groenen, D.; Misra, V.; Lee, H.; Waliser, D. E.

    2016-12-01

    The region of Mesoamerica (7-28 ºN and 77-109 ºW) has a rainy season which can be defined by a distinct onset and demise. The rainy season, influenced by the complex topography, sea surface temperatures (SSTs), location of the subtropical highs and easterly trade winds, exhibits strong interannual variability. Understanding how the rainy season varies in both historical and climate change projection simulations will give farmers and water resource managers information to provide better adaptation strategies for their key crops. This study compares observation datasets for precipitation (CPC-Unified, CRU, and TRMM) with two regional climate models (RCMs), RegCM4-3 and RCA4. Each RCM is forced by the GCMs as boundary conditions for the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) Central American domain, over the historical period 1979-2004. The RegCM4-3 provides simulations for two different cumulus parameterization schemes as well. The entire workflow of the RCM evaluation was carried out using the Regional Climate Model Evaluation System (RCMES), an open source software toolkit facilitating climate data processing. Overall, for the annual climatology of the rainfall (area-averaged over the domain), the RCA4 models overestimate the precipitation when compared to observations, but follow the general seasonal cycle of precipitation, with a minimum in April and a maximum in October (using monthly averages for precipitation). For the RegCM4-3 models, the models with the EmCLM parameterization scheme overestimate precipitation whereas the models using the GrBATS parameterization scheme underestimate precipitation. For the spatial maps, all models overestimate precipitation over the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Mesoamerica, for the duration of the rainy season compared to TRMM. The results show that the RCMs capture the key seasonal cycle of rainfall, but do not capture the correct amount or location of maximum rainfall. Further evaluation of the

  12. Sediment dynamics during the rainy season in tropical highland catchments of central Mexico using fallout radionuclides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evrard, Olivier; Némery, Julien; Gratiot, Nicolas; Duvert, Clément; Ayrault, Sophie; Lefèvre, Irène; Poulenard, Jérôme; Prat, Christian; Bonté, Philippe; Esteves, Michel

    2010-12-01

    Tropical regions are affected by intense soil erosion associated with deforestation, overgrazing, and cropping intensification. This land degradation leads to important on-site (e.g., decrease in soil fertility) and off-site (e.g., reservoir siltation and water pollution) impacts. This study determined the mean soil particle and sediment residence times in soils and rivers of three subcatchments (3-12 km 2) with contrasted land uses (i.e., cropland, forests, and rangelands) draining to a reservoir located in highlands of the transvolcanic Mexican belt. Calculations were based on rainfall amount and river discharges as well as on fallout radionuclide measurements (Be-7, Cs-137, and Pb-210) conducted on rainfall precipitated samples, soil sampled in the catchments, and suspended sediment collected by automatic samplers in the river during most storms recorded throughout the 2009 rainy season. Calculations using a radionuclide two-box balance model showed that the mean residence time of particles in soils ranged between 5000 ± 1500 and 23,300 ± 7000 years. In contrast, sediment residence time in rivers was much shorter, fluctuating between 50 ± 30 and 200 ± 70 days. The shortest mean residence times were measured in a hilly catchment dominated by cropland and rangelands, whereas they were the longest in an undulating catchment dominated by forests and cropland. Calculation of the Be-7/excess-Pb-210 in both rainfall and sediment allowed gaining insight on sediment dynamics throughout the rainy season. The first heavy storms of the year exported the bulk of the sediment stock accumulated in the river channel during the previous year. Then, during the rainy season, the two steeper catchments dominated by cropland and rangelands reacted strongly to rainfall. Sediment was indeed eroded and exported from both catchments during single heavy storms on several occasions in 2009. In contrast, the agro-forested catchment with gentler slopes exported sediment at a constant

  13. Sediment dynamics during the rainy season in tropical highland catchments of central Mexico using fallout radionuclides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evrard, Olivier; Ayrault, Sophie; Lefevre, Irene; Bonte, Philippe [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l' Environnement - LSCE/IPSL, Unite Mixte de Recherche 8212 - CEA, CNRS, UVSQ, 91198-Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Nemery, Julien; Gratiot, Nicolas; Duvert, Clement; Prat, Christian; Esteves, Michel [Laboratoire d' etude des Transferts en Hydrologie et Environnement - LTHE, IRD, G-INP, Universite de Grenoble 1, CNRS, BP 53, 38041-Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Poulenard, Jerome [Universite de Savoie, Centre Alpin de Recherche sur les Reseaux Trophiques des ecosystemes Limniques - CARRTEL, Savoie Technolac, 73376-Le Bourget du Lac (France)

    2010-07-01

    Tropical regions are affected by intense soil erosion associated with deforestation, overgrazing, and cropping intensification. This land degradation leads to important on-site (e.g., decrease in soil fertility) and off-site (e.g., reservoir siltation and water pollution) impacts. This study determined the mean soil particle and sediment residence times in soils and rivers of three sub-catchments (3-12 km{sup 2}) with contrasted land uses (i.e., cropland, forests, and rangelands) draining to a reservoir located in highlands of the trans-volcanic Mexican belt. Calculations were based on rainfall amount and river discharges as well as on fallout radionuclide measurements (Be-7, Cs-137, and Pb-210) conducted on rainfall precipitated samples, soil sampled in the catchments, and suspended sediment collected by automatic samplers in the river during most storms recorded throughout the 2009 rainy season. Calculations using a radionuclide two-box balance model showed that the mean residence time of particles in soils ranged between 5000 {+-} 1500 and 23, 300 {+-} 7000 years. In contrast, sediment residence time in rivers was much shorter, fluctuating between 50 {+-} 30 and 200 {+-} 70 days. The shortest mean residence times were measured in a hilly catchment dominated by cropland and rangelands, whereas they were the longest in an undulating catchment dominated by forests and cropland. Calculation of the Be-7/excess-Pb-210 in both rainfall and sediment allowed gaining insight on sediment dynamics throughout the rainy season. The first heavy storms of the year exported the bulk of the sediment stock accumulated in the river channel during the previous year. Then, during the rainy season, the two steeper catchments dominated by cropland and rangelands reacted strongly to rainfall. Sediment was indeed eroded and exported from both catchments during single heavy storms on several occasions in 2009. In contrast, the agro-forested catchment with gentler slopes exported sediment

  14. Increasing levels of crude protein in multiple supplements for grazing beef heifers in rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Vieira de Barros

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to evaluate the effect of multiple supplements with differents levels of crude protein (CP or mineral supplements on the nutritional parameters and performance of beef heifers grazing Uruchloa decumbens in the rainy season. A complete random design was employed. The treatments were made up of increasing levels of CP in the multiple supplements and a control treatment (MM in which animals were offered only mineral mixture. Multiple supplements contained 17; 30; 43 and 56% of CP, for treatments CP17; CP30; CP43 and CP56, respectively. Average daily gain (ADG (g was 447.7; 554.6; 638.4; 587.9; 590.4, for treatments MM, CP17; CP30; CP43 and CP56, respectively. A quadratic effect of the levels of crude protein was found (p< 0.10 on ADG. A greater intake of dry matter (DM, organic matter (OM, CP, ether extract (EE, non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC, total digestible nutrients (TDN, and digested dry matter (p< 0.10 was found in animals supplemented with multiple supplements. Multiple supplements increased the apparent digestibility coefficient of DM, CP, EE and NFC. Supply of multiple multiple supplements for heifers grazing in medium to high quality pastures in the rainy season improves the performance of the animals.

  15. Model Development for Risk Assessment of Driving on Freeway under Rainy Weather Conditions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaonan Cai

    Full Text Available Rainy weather conditions could result in significantly negative impacts on driving on freeways. However, due to lack of enough historical data and monitoring facilities, many regions are not able to establish reliable risk assessment models to identify such impacts. Given the situation, this paper provides an alternative solution where the procedure of risk assessment is developed based on drivers' subjective questionnaire and its performance is validated by using actual crash data. First, an ordered logit model was developed, based on questionnaire data collected from Freeway G15 in China, to estimate the relationship between drivers' perceived risk and factors, including vehicle type, rain intensity, traffic volume, and location. Then, weighted driving risk for different conditions was obtained by the model, and further divided into four levels of early warning (specified by colors using a rank order cluster analysis. After that, a risk matrix was established to determine which warning color should be disseminated to drivers, given a specific condition. Finally, to validate the proposed procedure, actual crash data from Freeway G15 were compared with the safety prediction based on the risk matrix. The results show that the risk matrix obtained in the study is able to predict driving risk consistent with actual safety implications, under rainy weather conditions.

  16. Privaatsuse õigusest / Meelis Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leis, Meelis

    1998-01-01

    Privaatsuse kui kaitstava hüve tekkeloost, selle õiguslikust ja psühholoogilisest käsitlusest, privaatsuse õigusest kohustisõiguses, Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsioonis ning Saksa, USA ja Eesti õiguskorras

  17. Infotehnoloogiateenistus / Meelis Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Meelis

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 36; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 36. Ülevaade AS-i Eesti Raudtee infotehnoloogiteenistuse tegvusest 2003. aastal

  18. Turvaline tulevik / Meelis Piller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piller, Meelis

    2002-01-01

    Arutlus kas turvalise tuleviku eelduseks on privaatsusest loobumine. Ka probleemi "turvalisus versus privaatsus" tõstatanud Robert Ludlumi romaanist "Prometheuse pettus" ja ideede käsitlusest Ray Bradbury ulmeteoses "451° Fahrenheiti". Näitena on toodud ka Steven Spielbergi filmi "Minority report"

  19. Euroopluse origami / Meelis Oidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidsalu, Meelis, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    17. septembril NO99 teatris esietendunud kolme teatri - NO99, Münchner Kammerspiele, Lyric Hammersmith Theatre - koostöös valminud lavastusest "Three Kingdoms" ("Kolm kuningriiki"), teksti autor Simon Stephens, lavastaja Sebastian Nübling

  20. Simulated sensitivity of African terrestrial ecosystem photosynthesis to rainfall frequency, intensity, and rainy season length

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Kaiyu; Good, Stephen P.; Caylor, Kelly K.; Medvigy, David; Pan, Ming; Wood, Eric F.; Sato, Hisashi; Biasutti, Michela; Chen, Min; Ahlström, Anders; Xu, Xiangtao

    2018-02-01

    There is growing evidence of ongoing changes in the statistics of intra-seasonal rainfall variability over large parts of the world. Changes in annual total rainfall may arise from shifts, either singly or in a combination, of distinctive intra-seasonal characteristics -i.e. rainfall frequency, rainfall intensity, and rainfall seasonality. Understanding how various ecosystems respond to the changes in intra-seasonal rainfall characteristics is critical for predictions of future biome shifts and ecosystem services under climate change, especially for arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Here, we use an advanced dynamic vegetation model (SEIB-DGVM) coupled with a stochastic rainfall/weather simulator to answer the following question: how does the productivity of ecosystems respond to a given percentage change in the total seasonal rainfall that is realized by varying only one of the three rainfall characteristics (rainfall frequency, intensity, and rainy season length)? We conducted ensemble simulations for continental Africa for a realistic range of changes (-20% ~ +20%) in total rainfall amount. We find that the simulated ecosystem productivity (measured by gross primary production, GPP) shows distinctive responses to the intra-seasonal rainfall characteristics. Specifically, increase in rainfall frequency can lead to 28% more GPP increase than the same percentage increase in rainfall intensity; in tropical woodlands, GPP sensitivity to changes in rainy season length is ~4 times larger than to the same percentage changes in rainfall frequency or intensity. In contrast, shifts in the simulated biome distribution are much less sensitive to intra-seasonal rainfall characteristics than they are to total rainfall amount. Our results reveal three major distinctive productivity responses to seasonal rainfall variability—‘chronic water stress’, ‘acute water stress’ and ‘minimum water stress’ - which are respectively associated with three broad spatial patterns of

  1. Sperm quality differences between the rainy and dry seasons in captive black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-López, Leonor; Parra, Gerardo Cerezo; Cerda-Molina, Ana Lilia; Pérez-Bolaños, Stephanella C; Díaz Sánchez, Vicente; Mondragón-Ceballos, Ricardo

    2002-05-01

    The present work provides an assessment of sperm measures (concentration, motility, viability, etc.) of three black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) during the rainy and dry seasons in Mexico City, as well as an evaluation of the between-subjects variability of sperm quality. Twenty samples obtained by rectal electroejaculation and digested with trypsin were evaluated. The results showed that during the dry season (n = 9) the semen samples were of better quality than those obtained during the rainy season (n = 11). The individual animals showed differences in sperm concentration, although there were no differences in sperm quality. Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  2. Two form-genera of aerophytic heterocytous cyanobacteria from Brasilian rainy forest „Mata Atlântica”

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sant Anna, C. L.; Azevedo, M. T. P.; Kaštovský, J.; Komárek, Jiří

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 2 (2010), s. 217-228 ISSN 1802-5439 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/08/0318; GA AV ČR IAA600050704 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : tropical rainy forest * Brazilia * heterocytous cyanobacteria Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 0.978, year: 2010

  3. The composition and morphology of amphiboles from the Rainy Creek complex, near Libby, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meeker, G.P.; Bern, A.M.; Brownfield, I.K.; Lowers, H.A.; Sutley, S.J.; Hoefen, T.M.; Vance, J.S.

    2003-01-01

    Thirty samples of amphibole-rich rock from the largest mined vermiculite deposit in the world in the Rainy Creek alkaline-ultramafic complex near Libby, Montana, were collected and analyzed. The amphibole-rich rock is the suspected cause of an abnormally high number of asbestos-related diseases reported in the residents of Libby, and in former mine and mill workers. The amphibole-rich samples were analyzed to determine composition and morphology of both fibrous and non-fibrous amphiboles. Sampling was carried out across the accessible portions of the deposit to obtain as complete a representation of the distribution of amphibole types as possible. The range of amphibole compositions, determined from electron probe microanalysis and X-ray diffraction analysis, indicates the presence of winchite, richterite, tremolite, and magnesioriebeckite. The amphiboles from Vermiculite Mountain show nearly complete solid solution between these end-member compositions. Magnesio-arfvedsonite and edenite may also be present in low abundance. An evaluation of the textural characteristics of the amphiboles shows the material to include a complete range of morphologies from prismatic crystals to asbestiform fibers. The morphology of the majority of the material is intermediate between these two varieties. All of the amphiboles, with the possible exception of magnesioriebeckite, can occur in fibrous or asbestiform habit. The Vermiculite Mountain amphiboles, even when originally present as massive material, can produce abundant, extremely fine fibers by gentle abrasion or crushing.

  4. Molecular Epidemiology of Cholera Outbreaks during the Rainy Season in Mandalay, Myanmar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roobthaisong, Amonrattana; Okada, Kazuhisa; Htun, Nilar; Aung, Wah Wah; Wongboot, Warawan; Kamjumphol, Watcharaporn; Han, Aye Aye; Yi, Yi; Hamada, Shigeyuki

    2017-11-01

    Cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae , remains a global threat to public health. In Myanmar, the availability of published information on the occurrence of the disease is scarce. We report here that cholera incidence in Mandalay generally exhibited a single annual peak, with an annual average of 312 patients with severe dehydration over the past 5 years (since 2011) and was closely associated with the rainy season. We analyzed cholera outbreaks, characterized 67 isolates of V. cholerae serogroup O1 in 2015 from patients from Mandalay, and compared them with 22 V. cholerae O1 isolates (12 from Mandalay and 10 from Yangon) in 2014. The isolates carried the classical cholera toxin B subunit ( ctxB ), the toxin-coregulated pilus A ( tcpA ) of Haitian type, and repeat sequence transcriptional regulator ( rstR ) of El Tor type. Two molecular typing methods, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA), differentiated the 89 isolates into seven pulsotypes and 15 MLVA profiles. Pulsotype Y15 and one MLVA profile (11, 7, 7, 16, 7) were predominantly found in the isolates from cholera outbreaks in Mandalay, 2015. Pulsotypes Y11, Y12, and Y15 with some MLVA profiles were detected in the isolates from two remote areas, Mandalay and Yangon, with temporal changes. These data suggested that cholera spread from the seaside to the inland area in Myanmar.

  5. Modeling of wastewater quality in an urban area during festival and rainy days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obaid, H A; Shahid, S; Basim, K N; Chelliapan, S

    2015-01-01

    Water pollution during festival periods is a major problem in all festival cities across the world. Reliable prediction of water pollution is essential in festival cities for sewer and wastewater management in order to ensure public health and a clean environment. This article aims to model the biological oxygen demand (BOD(5)), and total suspended solids (TSS) parameters in wastewater in the sewer networks of Karbala city center during festival and rainy days using structural equation modeling and multiple linear regression analysis methods. For this purpose, 34 years (1980-2014) of rainfall, temperature and sewer flow data during festival periods in the study area were collected, processed, and employed. The results show that the TSS concentration increases by 26-46 mg/l while BOD(5) concentration rises by 9-19 mg/l for an increase of rainfall by 1 mm during festival periods. It was also found that BOD(5) concentration rises by 4-17 mg/l for each increase of 10,000 population.

  6. The effects of plastic film mulching on maize growth and water use in dry and rainy years in Northeast China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jie; Li, Congfeng; Liu, Huitao; Zhou, Peilu; Tao, Zhiqiang; Wang, Pu; Meng, Qingfeng; Zhao, Ming

    2015-01-01

    Plastic film mulching (PM) has been widely used to improve maize (Zea mays L.) yields and water use efficiency (WUE) in Northeast China, but the effects of PM in a changing climate characterized by highly variable precipitation are not well understood. Six site-year field experiments were conducted in the dry and rainy years to investigate the effects of PM on maize growth, grain yield, and WUE in Northeast China. Compared to crops grown without PM treatment (control, CK), PM significantly increased the grain yield by 15-26% in the dry years, but no significant yield increase was observed in the rainy years. Yield increase in the dry years was mainly due to a large increase in dry matter accumulation pre-silking compared to the CK, which resulted from a greater dry matter accumulation rate due to the higher topsoil temperature and water content. As a result, the WUE of the crops that underwent PM (3.27 kg m(-3)) treatment was also increased by around 16% compared to the CK, although the overall evapotranspiration was similar between the two treatments. In the rainy years, due to frequent precipitation and scant sunshine, the topsoil temperature and water content in the field that received PM treatment was improved only at some stages and failed to cause higher dry matter accumulation, except at the 8th leaf stage. Consequently, the grain yield and WUE were not improved by PM in the rainy years. In addition, we found that PM caused leaf senescence at the late growth stage in both dry and rainy years. Therefore, in practice, PM should be applied cautiously, especially when in-season precipitation is taken into account.

  7. Effect of roofing materials on micro-climate in loose house for animals during rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. K. Bharti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To find out the influence of different types of roofing materials on micro-climate in animal loose housing system during rainy season. Materials and Methods: Different shade materials were used for covered area under each of three treatments. Thatch shading roof (T1 , Agro-net shading roof (T2 , Asbestos with canvas shading roof (T3 . Long axis of the paddock was east-to-west orientation. The covered area floor space was 1.5 ×1 m (excluding manger for each animal and open paddock was 2 × 1 m. Height of shed at eaves was 2 meter. Daily temperature (maximum and minimum and dry bulb and wet bulb temperature of macro and micro- environment under different treatments were recorded at 9:30 AM and 2:00 PM of Indian Standard Time (IST by using maximum and minimum thermometer and dry and wet bulb thermometer. Both inside and outside surface temperatures of shade materials were measured by infrared digital thermometer (ebro, TFI 220. The statistical procedures followed were two way ANOVA and Paired 'T' test. Results: During the experimental period, maximum temperature was recorded under asbestos and lowest temperature was in agro-net and maximum protection from high temperature was given during peak hot hours in agro-net than asbestos. THI was more (P<0.05 under asbestos than agro-net and thatch.The outside surface temperature at 9.30 AM and 2:00 PM (IST was significantly lower (P<0.05 in agro-net than thatch and asbestos. Conclusion: Thatch and agro-net were better in warding off the hot and humid environmental condition in comparison to asbestos. [Vet World 2013; 6(8.000: 482-485

  8. Rainy Days in the New Arctic: A Comprehensive Look at Precipitation from 8 Reanalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boisvert, L.; Webster, M.; Petty, A.; Markus, T.

    2017-12-01

    Precipitation in the Arctic plays an important role in the fresh water budget, and is the primary control of snow accumulation on sea ice. However, Arctic precipitation from reanalysis is highly uncertain due to differences in the atmospheric physics and use/approaches of data assimilation and sea ice concentrations across the different products. More specifically, yearly cumulative precipitation in some regions can vary by 100-150 mm across reanalyses. This creates problems for those modeling snow depth on sea ice, specifically for use in deriving sea ice thickness from satellite altimetry. In recent years, this new Arctic has become warmer and wetter, and evaporation from the ice-free ocean has been increasing, which leads to the question: is more precipitation falling and is more of this precipitation rain? This could pose a big problem for model and remote sensing applications and studies those modeling snow accumulation because rain events will can melt the existing snow pack, reduce surface albedo, and modify the ocean-to-atmosphere heat flux via snow densification. In this work we compare precipitation (both snow and rain) from 8 different reanalysis: MERRA, MERRA2, NCEP-R1, NCEP-R2, ERA-Interim, ERA-5, ASR and JRA-55. We examine the annual, seasonal, and regional differences and compare with buoy data to assess discrepancies between products during observed snowfall and rainfall events. Magnitudes and frequencies of these precipitation events are evaluated, as well as the "residual drizzle" between reanalyzes. Lastly, we will look at whether the frequency and magnitude of "rainy days" in the Arctic have been changing over recent decades.

  9. Evaluation of quantitative precipitation forecasts by TIGGE ensembles for south China during the presummer rainy season

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ling; Luo, Yali

    2017-08-01

    Based on The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment Interactive Grand Global Ensemble (TIGGE) data set, this study evaluates the ability of global ensemble prediction systems (EPSs) from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), U.S. National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Korean Meteorological Administration, and China Meteorological Administration (CMA) to predict presummer rainy season (April-June) precipitation in south China. Evaluation of 5 day forecasts in three seasons (2013-2015) demonstrates the higher skill of probability matching forecasts compared to simple ensemble mean forecasts and shows that the deterministic forecast is a close second. The EPSs overestimate light-to-heavy rainfall (0.1 to 30 mm/12 h) and underestimate heavier rainfall (>30 mm/12 h), with JMA being the worst. By analyzing the synoptic situations predicted by the identified more skillful (ECMWF) and less skillful (JMA and CMA) EPSs and the ensemble sensitivity for four representative cases of torrential rainfall, the transport of warm-moist air into south China by the low-level southwesterly flow, upstream of the torrential rainfall regions, is found to be a key synoptic factor that controls the quantitative precipitation forecast. The results also suggest that prediction of locally produced torrential rainfall is more challenging than prediction of more extensively distributed torrential rainfall. A slight improvement in the performance is obtained by shortening the forecast lead time from 30-36 h to 18-24 h to 6-12 h for the cases with large-scale forcing, but not for the locally produced cases.

  10. Spatio-temporal changes in total annual rainfall and the annual number of rainy days

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Limjirakan, Sangchan; Limsakul, Atsamon

    2007-01-01

    Full text: Full text: Rainfall variability is a critical factor for Thailand's socioeconomic development. Thus, enhancing understanding of rainfall mechanisms and variability is of paramount importance for effective strategies in tackling the severe droughts/floods which are memorable and a recurring problem in Thailand. Through this study, we have examined the variability of total annual rainfall (R,otai) and the annual number of rainy days (Rday) in Thailand during 1951-2003, using an Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis. The primary objective is to determine the dominant spatio-temporal patterns, and to illustrate their connection with the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The results reveal that the first two EOF modes, which explain nearly half of the total variance, show a good coherence of spatio-temporal structures. A salient feature of the leading modes of R,otal and Rday in Thailand is that their temporal coefficients exhibit significant relations to the ENSO. On an interannual timescale, the leading modes tended to be greater (lower) than normal during the La Nina (El Nino) phase of the ENSO. Changes in the Walker circulation appear to be the dominant mechanism whereby the ENSO exerts its influence on rainfall variability in Thailand. For an interdecadal timescale, there is evidence of the unusual and persistent deficit in Rtar accompanied by a concomitant reduction of Ranrd over the last three decades. The recent drought-like condition has been closely associated with the shift in the ENSO towards more El Nino events since the late 1970s, and coincided with the high global mean temperature. These natural/anthropogenic-induced climatic changes have important implications for rainfall forecasting, and consequently for water resource and agricultural planning and management in Thailand

  11. The variation of cloud amount and light rainy days under heavy pollution over South China during 1960-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Chuanbo; Dan, Li

    2018-01-01

    The ground observation data was used to analyze the variation of cloud amount and light precipitation over South China during 1960-2009. The total cloud cover (TCC) decreases in this period, whereas the low cloud cover (LCC) shows the obvious opposite change with increasing trends. LCP defined as low cloud cover/total cloud cover has increased, and small rainy days (cloud amount and light precipitation over South China.

  12. Morphogenesis of dwarf elephant grass clones in response to intensity and frequency of defoliation in dry and rainy seasons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Augusto de Miranda Gomide

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate during the dry and rainy seasons the morphogenesis traits of two clones of dwarf elephant grass under different management strategies. The study was conducted in a factorial 2 × 2 × 3 design, using two clones, one green and one purple, two residual heights, 25 and 45 cm, and three frequencies of defoliation according to the light interception of 90, 95 and 100%. The design was a randomized block with three replications. The variables were leaf elongation and leaf senescence rate, stem elongation rate and phyllochron. The leaf lifespan and the number of living leaves per tiller were also estimated. The clones presented low stem elongation rates, showing adaptation for grazing use. In the rainy season, the light interception of 100% promoted the highest stem elongation rate and increased the leaf senescence rate. In the dry season, the leaf elongation rate (LER was higher for the purple clone than for the green one (23 vs 15 mm.tiller-1.day-1. In the rainy season, the LER of the green clone exceeded that of the purple one by 71% (149 vs. 87 mm.tiller-1.day-1. The phyllochron varied among clones only in the rainy season, when the value was 4.6 days.leaf-1 for the green clone and 8.4 days.leaf-1 for the purple one; both of these values are below the mean value observed during the drought (21,6 days.leaf-1. The residual heights did not affect, in an isolated way, any of the variables. The clones are well adapted to grazing, presenting low stem elongation rates. The interval between defoliations should consider the scope of light interception between 90 and 95%. The green clone, with a greater flow of biomass, requires handling with shorter defoliation intervals.

  13. The rainy season increases the abundance and richness of the aquatic insect community in a Neotropical reservoir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HS Santana

    Full Text Available Alterations in aquatic systems and changes in water levels, whether due to rains or dam-mediated control can cause changes in community structure, forcing the community to readjust to the new environment. This study tested the hypothesis that there is an increase in the richness and abundance of aquatic insects during the rainy season in the Serra da Mesa Reservoir, with the premise that increasing the reservoir level provides greater external material input and habitat diversity, and, therefore, conditions that promote colonization by more species. We used the paired t test to test the differences in richness, beta diversity, and abundance, and a Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS was performed to identify patterns in the community under study. Additionally, Pearson correlations were analyzed between the richness, abundance, and beta diversity and the level of the reservoir. We collected 35,028 aquatic insect larvae (9,513 in dry period and 25,515 in the rainy season, predominantly of the Chironomidae family, followed by orders Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera, and Odonata. Among the 33 families collected, only 12 occurred in the dry season, while all occurred in the rainy season. These families are common in lentic environments, and the dominance of Chironomidae was associated with its fast colonization, their behavior of living at high densities and the great tolerance to low levels of oxygen in the environment. The hypothesis was confirmed, as the richness, beta diversity, and abundance were positively affected by the increase in water levels due to the rainy season, which most likely led to greater external material input, greater heterogeneity of habitat, and better conditions for colonization by several families.

  14. Possible Changes in the Characteristics of the Rainy Season over Northern South America: Results from a Regional Climate Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, Francisco; Costa, Alexandre; Gandu, Adilson; Sales, Domingo; Araújo, Luiz

    2013-04-01

    Regional Climate Simulations were performed with RAMS6.0 to evaluate possible changes in the behaviour of the rainy season over the Amazon region, within the CORDEX domain of the Inter-tropical Americas. We forced the regional model using data from one of the CMIP5 participants (HadGEM2-ES), both for the Historical Experiment (1980-2005) and along the XXI century under RCP 8.5 (heavy-emission scenario). Regarding projections, we analyzed results for three time slices, short (2014-2035), middle (2044-2065) and long term (2078-2099), according to the following steps. First, the spatially averaged precipitation in non-overlapping pentads over 7 sub-regions over northern South America was calculated ("boxes" 1 to 7). Then, we calculated the climatological annual cycle for each one of them. Finally, dates of the onset and demise of the rainy season are found, validating the model results against GPCP observations and checking for projected changes. In general, in the Historical Experiment, the model delays the onset of the rainy season over the northern areas and anticipates it over most inland sub-regions. Over eastern Amazon, the regional model represents it properly, besides a delay in the demise of about one month. In short-term projections, there is a slight increase in precipitation and a modest anticipation of the rainy season onset in the coastal areas. Projected changes in the annual cycle of most sub-regions are relatively modest for the short-term and mid-term periods, but may become very significant by the end of the century. Over Colombia (Box 1), which has a bimodal precipitation annual cycle, the model projects a late century increase in the first precipitation peak. Little change is projected for the two boxes roughly covering Venezuela, the Guianas and the northernmost portion of northern Brazilian states (Boxes 2 and 3). The box covering northern Peru and Ecuador (Box 4) shows increased March-April precipitation, but with no significant changes in the

  15. Yield response of ten varieties of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. cultivated on dryland in rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Saitama

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Sweet potato is a tuber commodity and one of alternative crops in Indonesia. The demand of sweet potato in Indonesia continues to increase. However, the supply of sweet potatoes for consumption estimated is 2020 in Indonesia will be deficit. Low production of sweet potato is basically due to the decrease of land area as cultivation production and also sweet potatoes have a low yield when planted in rainy season. Based on the high utilization of sweet potato make demand for this commodities continues to increase.Therefore, several strategies to increase crop yields of sweet potato needs to be done. This study aimed to elucidate various sweet potato varieties that can cultivated on dry land in the rainy season. This study was conducted from November 2016 until March 2017 using a randomized block design with treatments of  ten varieties of sweet potato consisting of (V1 Papua Solossa variety, (V2 Jago variety, (V3 Kidal variety, (V4 Antin-1variety, (V5 Sari variety, (V6 Sawentar variety, (V7 Beta-2variety, (V8 Antin-2variety, (V9 Antin-3 variety, (V10 Beta-1variety. The results showed different responses of each variety.The vegetative growth was high as shown by the LAI value of 7.23 at 90 days after planting. In conclusion, the sweet potato leaves had to be prune to boost the agronomic yield. Yields of  ten varieties of sweet potato crops ranged from 8.86 to 44.76 t/ha. Some varieties such as Sari, Papua Salosa and Beta-2 varieties showed high yield although they were planted in moorland conditions in the rainy season.

  16. Total digestible nutrient levels in supplements for finishing steers in the rainy season: nutritional characteristics and microbial efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Fabiano Werner Koscheck

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of total digestible nutrient (TDN levels in supplements on rumen pH, ruminal ammonia nitrogen concentration, intake and digestibility, nitrogen balance and microbial efficiency in beef cattle grazing on Marandu grass during the rainy season. The supplements comprised a mineral mixture, ground corn grain, soybean hulls, roasted soybeans and urea:ammonium sulfate. The mineral mix (MM and supplements were supplied at 800, 1,600 and 2,400 g/animal/day, contained 500, 1,000 and 1,500 g of TDN, respectively, and were termed S500, S1000 and S1500. Supplemental crude protein (CP was fixed at 300g animal/day for all supplementing strategies. Four crossbred rumen-fistulated steers, with an average weight of 512kg, were utilized. The animals were distributed in a 4×4 Latin square in four paddocks of 0.25 ha. The rumen nitrogen concentration was increased by 63% after four hours of supplementation. Supplements with increased TDN levels did not alter the total dry matter and forage intakes, although the TDN levels linearly increased the non-fibrous carbohydrates intake. Additionally, most supplements did not alter the digestibility of the diet nutrients.The nitrogen balance was similar in all treatments. However, supplements with the highest TDN levels linearly improved the microbial efficiency of finishing beef cattle that were pasture-grazed during the rainy season. Supplements with in creasing TDN levels improve the microbial efficiency during the rainy season.

  17. Fluorescent bioaerosol particle, molecular tracer, and fungal spore concentrations during dry and rainy periods in a semi-arid forest

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    M. I. Gosselin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Bioaerosols pose risks to human health and agriculture and may influence the evolution of mixed-phase clouds and the hydrological cycle on local and regional scales. The availability and reliability of methods and data on the abundance and properties of atmospheric bioaerosols, however, are rather limited. Here we analyze and compare data from different real-time ultraviolet laser/light-induced fluorescence (UV-LIF instruments with results from a culture-based spore sampler and offline molecular tracers for airborne fungal spores in a semi-arid forest in the southern Rocky Mountains of Colorado. Commercial UV-APS (ultraviolet aerodynamic particle sizer and WIBS-3 (wideband integrated bioaerosol sensor, version 3 instruments with different excitation and emission wavelengths were utilized to measure fluorescent aerosol particles (FAPs during both dry weather conditions and periods heavily influenced by rain. Seven molecular tracers of bioaerosols were quantified by analysis of total suspended particle (TSP high-volume filter samples using a high-performance anion-exchange chromatography system with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD. From the same measurement campaign, Huffman et al. (2013 previously reported dramatic increases in total and fluorescent particle concentrations during and immediately after rainfall and also showed a strong relationship between the concentrations of FAPs and ice nuclei (Huffman et al., 2013; Prenni et al., 2013. Here we investigate molecular tracers and show that during rainy periods the atmospheric concentrations of arabitol (35.2 ± 10.5 ng m−3 and mannitol (44.9 ± 13.8 ng m−3 were 3–4 times higher than during dry periods. During and after rain, the correlations between FAP and tracer mass concentrations were also significantly improved. Fungal spore number concentrations on the order of 104 m−3, accounting for 2–5 % of TSP mass during dry periods and 17–23 % during rainy

  18. Plant species visited by the Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophus (Aves, Trochilidae at Chapada dos Veadeiros, during the rainy season

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    Gabriel Baruffaldi Ghiringhello

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The feeding habits of the Horned Sungem remain little known. This study aimed to identify the plant species most often visited by H. bilophus with feeding purposes (consumption of nectar during the rainy season at Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, Goiás. Observations were made during two rainy seasons (January 2006 and February 2008. The methodology consisted of walking through trails within two areas of campo sujo and two areas of campo rupestre. The record of an individual consuming the nectar of a flowering plant was considered to constitute a visit. A total of 296 visits were observed, comprising eight species of shrubs and herbs. The most often visited plant species were Bauhinia tenella (Caesalpinoideae and Vochysia pumila (Vochysiaceae in campo sujo, and Lychnophora ericoides (Asteraceae in campo rupestre. These three species were commonly found at the study sites. In both physiognomies, Heliactin bilophus consumed the nectar of few plant species. The most frequently visited species bore high numbers of flowers.

  19. Cadmium, copper and lead in macroalgae from the Veracruz Reef System, Gulf of Mexico: Spatial distribution and rainy season variability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Horta-Puga, Guillermo; Cházaro-Olvera, Sergio; Winfield, Ignacio; Avila-Romero, Marisol; Moreno-Ramírez, Margarita

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► Cd, Cu, and Pb were determined in macroalgae from Veracruz Reefs, Gulf of Mexico. ► Mean concentrations were lower or similar to those from other coastal areas. ► Cd and Pb levels are controlled by fluvial discharge. ► Sediment scavenging also controls environmental trace metal levels. ► Pb environmental concentrations have been decreasing in the lasts two decades. -- Abstract: This study focused on the spatial distribution of trace metals in the Veracruz Reef System in the Southern Gulf of Mexico, and its variability in the early (July) and late (September) rainy season of 2008, by analyzing the concentration of Cd, Cu and Pb in benthic macroalgae. Mean concentrations are lower (Pb 295 ± 347 ng g −1 , Cd 17.9 ± 15.0 ng g −1 ), or similar (Cu 3.4 ± 4.5 μg g −1 ) to those reported from other coastal areas. Cd and Pb concentrations are influenced by the discharge of the Jamapa River, evidencing a fluvial control on coastal trace metal levels. Also, Cd and Cu concentrations were lower in the late rainy season, when there is a high load of suspended sediments derived from fluvial discharge, which probably adsorb dissolved metals decreasing their bioavailability. Pb concentrations have been decreasing in the last two decades in the SGM, after the banning of leaded-gasoline in the late 20th century

  20. Protozoans bacterivory in a subtropical environment during a dry/cold and a rainy/warm season

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    Karina F. Hisatugo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In aquatic ecosystems, bacteria are controlled by several organisms in the food chain, such as protozoa, that use them as food source. This study aimed to quantify the ingestion and clearance rates of bacteria by ciliates and heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF in a subtropical freshwater reservoir (Monjolinho reservoir -São Carlos -Brazil during one year period, in order to verify their importance as consumers and controllers of bacteria in two seasons, a dry/cold and a rainy/warm one. For this purpose, in situ bacterivory experiments were carried out bimonthly using fluorescently labeled bacteria with 5-(4,6 diclorotriazin-2yl aminofluorescein (DTAF. Although ciliates have shown the highest individual ingestion and clearance rates, bacterivory was dominated by HNF, who showed higher population ingestion rates (mean of 9,140 bacteria h-1mL-1 when compared to ciliates (mean of 492 bacteria h-1mL-1. The greater predation impact on bacterial communities was caused mainly by the small HNF (< 5 µm population, especially in the rainy season, probably due to the abundances of these organisms, the precipitation, trophic index state and water temperature that were higher in this period. Thus, the protozoan densities together with environmental variables were extremely relevant in determining the seasonal pattern of bacterivory in Monjolinho reservoir.

  1. Sero-epidemiological evaluation of changes in Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax transmission patterns over the rainy season in Cambodia

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    Cook Jackie

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Cambodia, malaria transmission is low and most cases occur in forested areas. Sero-epidemiological techniques can be used to identify both areas of ongoing transmission and high-risk groups to be targeted by control interventions. This study utilizes repeated cross-sectional data to assess the risk of being malaria sero-positive at two consecutive time points during the rainy season and investigates who is most likely to sero-convert over the transmission season. Methods In 2005, two cross-sectional surveys, one in the middle and the other at the end of the malaria transmission season, were carried out in two ecologically distinct regions in Cambodia. Parasitological and serological data were collected in four districts. Antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum Glutamate Rich Protein (GLURP and Plasmodium vivax Merozoite Surface Protein-119 (MSP-119 were detected using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA. The force of infection was estimated using a simple catalytic model fitted using maximum likelihood methods. Risks for sero-converting during the rainy season were analysed using the Classification and Regression Tree (CART method. Results A total of 804 individuals participating in both surveys were analysed. The overall parasite prevalence was low (4.6% and 2.0% for P. falciparum and 7.9% and 6.0% for P. vivax in August and November respectively. P. falciparum force of infection was higher in the eastern region and increased between August and November, whilst P. vivax force of infection was higher in the western region and remained similar in both surveys. In the western region, malaria transmission changed very little across the season (for both species. CART analysis for P. falciparum in the east highlighted age, ethnicity, village of residence and forest work as important predictors for malaria exposure during the rainy season. Adults were more likely to increase their antibody responses to P. falciparum during the

  2. Supplementation of beef cattle grazing Brachiariabrizantha during the dry and rainy seasons: performance and carcass ultrasound prediction

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    Geisi Loures Guerra

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of genetic group, sex and level of protein-energy supplementation on the performance and carcass traitsultrasound prediction of weaned calves Nellore and crossbred animals ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus. A completely randomized design in a factorial 2x2x2, were used, with two levels of protein-energy supplementation, two sex and two genetic groups. Fifty-six animals were used (28 Nellore and 28 crossbred ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus, equally divided between males and females, maintained on grazing Brachiariabrizanthacv. Marandu and evaluated in three experimental periods: period 1 = protein-energy supplementation in the dry season; period 2 = protein-energy supplementation during the rainy season; period 3 = only mineral supplementation. In the dry season, they were supplemented with levels of 0.5 and 1% of body weight (BW and in the rainy season with 0 and 1% BW. Dry matter intake (kg day-1, % BW, g kgBW0.75-1 was estimated. In vivo ultrasound measurements of carcass were: loin eye area (LEA, fat thickness (FT and rump fat thickness (RFT. There was influence of genetic group and protein-energy supplementation levels on average daily gain (ADG of animals in period 1 and 2 (P < 0.05. Sex affected the ADG only in period 2, and the males had 754 gday-1 and females, 582 g day-1. There was no interaction of genetic group x sex x supplementation level. At the end of the experimental period (end of period 3, it was found that male animals and crossbred animals ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus had higher ADG (716 and 748 g day-1, respectively. The values of dry matter intake (DMI were influenced by genetic group and sex, in all periods, verifying highest intake in crossbred animals ½ Nellore x ½ Aberdeen Angus, with better feed conversion for crossbred animals. Regarding ultrasound measurements taken on the carcass, the influence of sex on FT and RFT, it was observed, and the males showed higher

  3. Meteorological context of the onset and end of the rainy season in Central Amazonia during the GoAmazon2014/5

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    J. A. Marengo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The onset and demise of the rainy season in Amazonia are assessed in this study using meteorological data from the GoAmazon experiment, with a focus on the 2014–2015 rainy season. In addition, global reanalyses are also used to identify changes in circulation leading to the establishment of the rainy season in the region. Our results show that the onset occurred in January 2015, 2–3 pentads later than normal, and the rainy season during the austral summer of 2015 contained several periods with consecutive dry days in both Manacapuru and Manaus, which are not common for the wet season, and resulted in below-normal precipitation. The onset of the rainy season has been strongly associated with changes in large-scale weather conditions in the region due to the effect of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO. Regional thermodynamic indices and the height of the boundary layer did not present a significant difference between the onset and demise of the wet season of 2015. This suggests that local changes, such as those in the regional thermodynamic characteristics, may not have influenced its onset. Thus, variability of the large-scale circulation was responsible for regional convection and rainfall changes in Amazonia during the austral summer of 2014–2015.

  4. Variability of onset and retreat of the rainy season in mainland China and associations with atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Qing; Hao, Zhenchun; Shao, Quanxi; Hao, Jie; Nyima, Tsring

    2018-02-01

    Precipitation plays an important role in both environment and human society and is a significant factor in many scientific researches such as water resources, agriculture and climate impact studies. The onset and retreat of rainy season are useful features to understand the variability of precipitation under the influence of climate change. In this study, the characteristics of onset and retreat in mainland China are investigated. The multi-scale moving t-test was applied to determine rainy season and K-means cluster analysis was used to divide China into sub-regions to better investigate rainy season features. The possible linkage of changing characteristics of onset and retreat to climate factors were also explored. Results show that: (1) the onset started from middle March in the southeast of China to early June in the northwest and rainy season ended earliest in the northwest and southeast while the central China had the latest retreat; (2) Delayed onset and advanced retreat over time were observed in many parts of China, together with overall stable or increased rainy-season precipitation, would likely lead to higher probability of flooding; (3) The onset (retreat) was associated with the increased (decreased) number of cyclones in eastern China and anticyclone near the South China Sea. Delayed onset, and advanced retreat were likely related to cold and warm sea surface temperature (SST) in the conventional El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) regions, respectively. These results suggest that predictability of rainy season can be improved through the atmospheric circulation and SST, and help water resources management and agricultural planning.

  5. Teavikute ost riigihankega / Meeli Veskus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veskus, Meeli, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    1. maist 2007 hakkas kehtima uus riigihangete seadus, mida raamatukogudes tuleb järgida teavikuid komplekteerides. Lisa: "Raamatukogu" küsib: kuidas riigihangete seadust rakendatakse? Vastavad Tallinna Keskraamatukogu direktor Kaie Holm ja Rapla Keskraamatukogu pearaamatukoguhoidja Katrin Niklus

  6. Parimad meediaprojektid / Meelis A Piller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piller, Meelis A

    1998-01-01

    Ajakiri 'Communication Arts' korraldas webil ja CDl baseeruvate meediaprogrammide võistluse ''Interactiv Design Annual'. 1300 võistlustööst valis žürii välja 37 : reklaam, äri, meelelahutus, info-disain, enesereklaam. Illustratsiooniks 13 tööd.

  7. Okupatsioon ja propaganda / Meelis Maripuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maripuu, Meelis

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa massiteabevahendite infost Balti riikide ja Poola okupeerimise kohta. Alates 2005. aastast on nähtav püüe dikteerida Balti riikide ajalookäsitlusi ja välja töötada moderniseeritud Venemaa poolne kontseptsioon II maailmasõja perioodi ajaloost

  8. Muutumatud ja muutuvad / Meelis Friedenthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Friedenthal, Meelis, 1973-

    2016-01-01

    Varauusaja nn. universaalsest inimesest. Aristotelese kümnest kategooriast. Ülikoolidest ja seal õpetatud distsipliinidest varauusajal. Distsipliinide ühisest eesmärgist - kuidas hästi ja õigesti elada. Teaduse ja religiooni vastandumine sai võimalikuks alles siis kui ühendteooria vahetus mehhanistliku maailmapildi vastu. Keskajal ja varauusajal oli võimalik vaimsetes asjades teatud kindlus, sest kõik asjad olid viidud ühistele alustele. Kaasaja ühiskonnaprobleemid ei ole lahendatavad ainult tehnokraatlike vahenditega

  9. Kontrastide maa Brasiilia / Meelis Joost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joost, Meelis

    2011-01-01

    Artikli autor kuulus Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee delegatsioon, mis külastas lihavõttenädalale järgneval nädalal Brasiilia Majandus– ja Sotsiaalnõukogu kutsel Brasiilia Föderatsiooni pealinna Brasíliat ning riigi esimest pealinna, praegust Bahia osariigi pealinna Salvadori, et osaleda 4. EL– Brasiilia kodanikuühiskonna ümarlaual

  10. Suure filosoofi surm / Meelis Piller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piller, Meelis

    2003-01-01

    Eesti päritolu mõtlejast ja joogist Rama Tammest ; Samal teemal vaata ka "Mihkel Tamm" (Haljand Udami materjalide põhjal). Ajakirjanik ja režissöör käis Mihkel (Rama) Tamme portreefilmi "Null" tarvis USAs intervjueerimas

  11. First study on infestation of Excorallana berbicensis (Isopoda: Corallanidae on six fishes in a reservoir in Brazilian Amazon during dry and rainy seasons

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    Huann Carllo Gentil-Vasconcelos

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We analyzed the infestation levels of Excorallana berbicensis on Acestrorhynchus falcirostris, Ageneiosus ucayalensis, Geophagus proximus, Hemiodus unimaculatus, Psectrogasterfalcata and Serrasalmus gibbus in a reservoir in the Araguari River basin, northern Brazil, during the dry and rainy seasons. For P. falcata, the infestation levels due to E. berbicensis were greater during the rainy season. For all the species studied, the peak parasite prevalence was in the month of highest rainfall levels and there were two peaks of parasite abundance: one in the month with highest rainfall level and the other in the month of transition from the rainy season to the dry season. In these hosts, around 70% of the E. berbicensis specimens were collected during the rainy season. The body conditions of the hosts also did not suffer any seasonal influence. Despite the differences in seasonal rainfall levels, there was no fluctuation in transparency, turbidity, pH, electric conductivity, temperature and dissolved oxygen levels in the water, due to the stability of these parameters during the seasonal cycle investigated in this artificial Amazon ecosystem. This was the first report on the seasonality of infestation by E. berbicensis associated with fish.

  12. Statistical analysis of the relationship between climate-induced maize yield and rainy-season precipitation across Inner Mongolia, North China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jin; Chen, Xin; Zhou, Limin; Xue, Yan; Lin, Jie

    2017-08-01

    Exploring possible relationships between climate-induced maize yield and rainy-season precipitation under climate change is fundamental to science-based decision for food security in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR). To determine the relationship of maize yield with precipitation variables across IMAR during 1960-2012, we selected 11 precipitation indices of rainy season and divided IMAR into four sub-regions—west, middle, east, and northeast using principal component analysis and K-means clustering methods. Results show that climate-induced maize yield is more sensitive to precipitation variability in the west and middle IMAR. The most important precipitation factor that limits maize yield is moderate precipitation days in these two sub-regions. Moreover, west and middle Inner Mongolia was dominated by decreasing precipitation during the rainy season. Furthermore, the El Niño/La Niña-Southern Oscillation cycle has the significant influence on the rainy-season precipitation in the west and middle IMAR.

  13. Semen variables and sperm membrane protein profile of Saanen bucks ( Capra hircus) in dry and rainy seasons of the northeastern Brazil (3°S)

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Tilburg, M. F.; Salles, M. G. F.; Silva, M. M.; Moreira, R. A.; Moreno, F. B.; Monteiro-Moreira, A. C. O.; Martins, J. A. M.; Cândido, M. J. D.; Araújo, A. A.; Moura, A. A. A.

    2015-05-01

    The Saanen is a highly productive breed, and for this reason, it has been raised in Brazil, but mostly under climate conditions completely different from where the breed originated. The objective of this study was to investigate variations in semen parameters and sperm membrane proteins from Saanen bucks ( n = 7) raised in Northeastern Brazil, during dry season (September, October, and November) and rainy season (March, April, and May). We showed that during the dry season, sperm motility, concentration, and the percentage of normal sperm decreased as compared to the rainy season. Rectal temperatures of bucks had no significant ( p > 0.05) variations during the dry and rainy seasons. However, temperatures of left and right skin testis were higher ( p sperm membrane were more intense in rainy season and only one protein (cytosol aminopeptidase) had greater expression in the dry season of the year. Our results show that mechanisms of testicular thermoregulation of Saanen bucks did not prevent a decrease in seminal parameters during the dry season. This deterioration may be related to reduced expression of proteins associated with important functions in sperm membrane.

  14. Physiological Response of Local and Saanen x Local Cross Goats during the Late Rainy Season in North-eastern Brazil

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    Degli, P.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to compare in vivo performance and environmental adaptation of two genetic types of goats raised in north-eastern Brazil, 20 females (10 local and 10 Saanen x local were used in this experiment. During the late rainy season the goats were monitored for the following parameters: body weight, body (BT and skin temperature (ST, respiratory (RR and heart rate (HR as well as the air temperature (AT and humidity (HU in the pens in the morning (MR and afternoon (AR. From May to June the crossbred goats showed a significant gain (P< 0.05; the live weight of F1 was superior to the local goats (P< 0.05 at the end of the experiment. The physiological response during the AR was significantly superior to MR (P< 0.05 for all parameters. The local goats achieved the highest values of BT and ST during the experiment. On average, the physiological rhythms (RR and HR were higher in crossbred than local goats. In conclusion, crossbred goats showed to be less at risk to environmental stress condition in north-eastern Brazil.

  15. The relationship between the Sahelian and previous 2nd Guinean rainy seasons: a monsoon regulation by soil wetness?

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    N. Philippon

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available The correlation of 0.61 found between observed July–September Sahelian rainfall in year 0 and September–November Guinean rainfall in year - 1, led us to explore the statistical relationships between precipitation, soil moisture and near surface Moist Static Energy (MSE gradients in West Africa. These analyses were performed over successive 30-year periods and specifically, the most recent period between 1968–1998. It is shown from observations, National Centers for Environmental Predictions and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR reanalyses and from the Global Soil Wetness Project (GSWP database, that wet Sahelian rainy seasons are preceded by abnormally wet soils over the Sudan-Guinean belt during northern winter. Such moisture anomalies tend to hold during the dry season, then generate increasing MSE gradients just above the continent by March–April. These gradients have been shown to be of prime importance for monsoon dynamics and associated rainfall.Key words. Hydrology (soil moisture – Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (climatology

  16. [Malaria indices, larval ecology and trophic activity of Anopheles mosquitoes in Djohong (Adamaoua, Cameroon) in the rainy season].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raccurt, C P; Bourianne, C; Lambert, M T; Tribouley, J; Mandji, O; Amadou, A; Bouloumie, J; Ripert, C

    1993-01-01

    In Djohong in the wet season the prevalence of malaria is 17.5% for Plasmodium falciparum and 1.1% for Plasmodium malariae. In children 2 to 9 years of age the plasmodic index is 38.6% (mesoendemicity) for the children of the peasants and 9.4% for those belonging to other socioeconomical groups. In infants less than 12 months old, the plasmodic index is 9.3%, this relatively high rate corresponding to the high transmission period of the rainy season. Anopheles gambiae is the mosquito species most often found in the area (2/3 of the mosquitoes caught in the houses). The breeding sites in he surrounding of the houses are rainwater holes linked to human activity. At a larger distance from the houses, in the valley, the breeding sites are water holes borrowed for the retting of cassava tubercle or natural rock pools found in the basaltic shores of the Mbere river. The trophic activity of Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus is high between 0 and 4 hours a.m. In October the mean number of anopheline mosquitoes bites per night per inhabitant is 33 inside the houses and 7 outside.

  17. ANALYSIS OF THE STATISTICAL BEHAVIOUR OF DAILY MAXIMUM AND MONTHLY AVERAGE RAINFALL ALONG WITH RAINY DAYS VARIATION IN SYLHET, BANGLADESH

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    G. M. J. HASAN

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Climate, one of the major controlling factors for well-being of the inhabitants in the world, has been changing in accordance with the natural forcing and manmade activities. Bangladesh, the most densely populated countries in the world is under threat due to climate change caused by excessive use or abuse of ecology and natural resources. This study checks the rainfall patterns and their associated changes in the north-eastern part of Bangladesh mainly Sylhet city through statistical analysis of daily rainfall data during the period of 1957 - 2006. It has been observed that a good correlation exists between the monthly mean and daily maximum rainfall. A linear regression analysis of the data is found to be significant for all the months. Some key statistical parameters like the mean values of Coefficient of Variability (CV, Relative Variability (RV and Percentage Inter-annual Variability (PIV have been studied and found to be at variance. Monthly, yearly and seasonal variation of rainy days also analysed to check for any significant changes.

  18. NUTRITIVE QUALITY OF TEN GRASSES DURING THE RAINY SEASON IN A HOT-HUMID CLIMATE AND ULTISOL SOIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Ortega-Gómez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The nutritive quality of ten grasses harvested at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks of regrowth was assessed during the rainy season (August-October 2008, in the humid tropics of Veracruz, Mexico. Grasses tested included four Brachiaria spp.: “insurgente”–B. brizantha, “signal”–B. decumbens, Chetumal–B. humidicola, “mulato I”–B. brizantha x B. ruziziensis; three Panicum maximum: Mombasa, “privilegio”, Tanzania; and three Pennisetum spp.: Taiwán, and the hybrids P. purpureum x P. glaucum “Cuban” king grass and “purple” king grass. Means for crude protein by grass group were: Pennisetum spp. (9.9 % = P. maximum (8.7 % > Brachiaria spp. (7.6 %, whereas means for in situ dry matter disappearance (ISD were: Pennisetum spp. (69.7 % > Brachiaria spp. (65.1 % > P. maximum (59.7 %. Crude protein and ISD significantly decreased by 0.42 % and 1.50 % per week. Neutral detergent fiber was not affected by model effects (mean 71.4 %. Means for acid detergent fiber (ADF by grass group were: P. maximum (47.6 % = Pennisetum spp. (44.0 % > Brachiaria spp. (42.8 %, whereas means for lignin (LIG were: P. maximum (8.5 % > Pennisetum spp. (7.6 % > Brachiaria spp. (6.7 %. The ADF and LIG significantly increased by 1.21 % and 0.19 % per week. Pennisetum spp. had the highest nutritive value at all regrowth ages.

  19. Pupal productivity in rainy and dry seasons: findings from the impact survey of a randomised controlled trial of dengue prevention in Guerrero, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abel Jiménez-Alejo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The follow-up survey of a cluster-randomised controlled trial of evidence-based community mobilisation for dengue control in Nicaragua and Mexico included entomological information from the 2012 rainy and dry seasons. We used data from the Mexican arm of the trial to assess the impact of the community action on pupal production of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in both rainy and dry seasons. Methods Trained field workers inspected household water containers in 90 clusters and collected any pupae or larvae present for entomological examination. We calculated indices of pupae per person and pupae per household, and traditional entomological indices of container index, household index and Breteau index, and compared these between rainy and dry seasons and between intervention and control clusters, using a cluster t-test to test significance of differences. Results In 11,933 houses in the rainy season, we inspected 40,323 containers and found 7070 Aedes aegypti pupae. In the dry season, we inspected 43,461 containers and counted 6552 pupae. All pupae and entomological indices were lower in the intervention clusters (IC than in control clusters (CC in both the rainy season (RS and the dry season (DS: pupae per container 0.12 IC and 0.24 CC in RS, and 0.10 IC and 0.20 CC in DS; pupae per household 0.46 IC and 0.82 CC in RS, and 0.41 IC and 0.83 CC in DS; pupae per person 0.11 IC and 0.19 CC in RS, and 0.10 IC and 0.20 CC in DS; household index 16% IC and 21% CC in RS, and 12.1% IC and 17.9% CC in DS; container index 7.5% IC and 11.5% CC in RS, and 4.6% IC and 7.1% CC in DS; Breteau index 27% IC and 36% CC in RS, and 19% IC and 29% CC in DS. All differences between the intervention and control clusters were statistically significant, taking into account clustering. Conclusions The trial intervention led to significant decreases in pupal and conventional entomological indices in both rainy and dry seasons. Trial registration ISRCTN

  20. Diagnosing the Atmospheric/Oceanic Phenomena Associated with the Onset, Demise and Mid-Summer Drought of the Rainy Season in Mesoamerica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groenen, D.; Bourassa, M. A.

    2017-12-01

    The rainfall in Mesoamerica (Mexico and Central America) has influences from two bodies of water, interesting topography, and complex wind patterns, which complicates weather forecasting. Knowing the approximate onset and demise of the rainy season is critical for the optimal growth and development of key crops in this region such as coffee, bananas, rice, and maize. This study compares three methods to calculate the onset/demise dates of the individual years' rainy season, using area-averaged rainfall data (7-28 °N/77-109 °W) from two datasets. After these onset/demise dates are obtained using rainfall data, the atmospheric and oceanic phenomena associated with the timing is analyzed using MERRA-2 reanalysis data. The objective is to link the large-scale phenomena to the individual years' onset/demise dates, as well as link the weather phenomena to the interannual variability of the onset/demise dates. In addition, the broad scale rainy season will be connected with regional onset/demise dates on the scale of 400km. Linking the broad scale rainfall regimes to the regional regimes will allow a more cohesive view of the dynamics related to rainfall variability in the Mesoamerican region. A smoothing method will be used to analyze the timing and intensity of the mid-summer drought (MSD), a minimum in rainfall typically occurring during July and August. The goal of this research is to link the physical and dynamical mechanisms that cause the Mesoamerican rainy season and mid-summer drought (MSD) in order to better understand the predictability of Mesoamerican rainfall and ensure the health and safety of key crops.

  1. Examination of Libby, Montana, Fill Material for Background Levels of Amphibole from the Rainy Creek Complex Using Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, David T.; Langer, William H.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.; Meeker, Gregory P.

    2010-01-01

    Natural background levels of Libby-type amphibole in the sediment of the Libby valley in Montana have not, up to this point, been determined. The purpose of this report is to provide the preliminary findings of a study designed by both the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and performed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The study worked to constrain the natural background levels of fibrous amphiboles potentially derived from the nearby Rainy Creek Complex. The material selected for this study was sampled from three localities, two of which are active open-pit sand and gravel mines. Seventy samples were collected in total and examined using a scanning electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer. All samples contained varying amounts of feldspars, ilmenite, magnetite, quartz, clay minerals, pyroxene minerals, and non-fibrous amphiboles such as tremolite, actinolite, and magnesiohornblende. Of the 70 samples collected, only three had detectable levels of fibrous amphiboles compatible with those found in the rainy creek complex. The maximum concentration, identified here, of the amphiboles potentially from the Rainy Creek Complex is 0.083 percent by weight.

  2. Distribution of contagious and environmental mastitis agents isolated from milk samples collected from clinically health buffalo cows between brazilian dry and rainy seasons of the year

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.P. Maia

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study was performed to evaluate the microbiological characteristics of clinically health quarters submitted to milking and also to observe the distribution of contagious and environmental agents between brazilian dry and rainy seasons of the year. During nine months 734 quarters from 37 buffalo cows were submitted monthly to udder inspection, palpation and strip cup test before milking. 734 asseptic milk samples were inoculated in 10% ovine blood agar and in MacConkey agar media, then incubated for 72 hours at 37oC. Among the 580 isolated microrganisms, 182 (31,38% were recovered from samples collected during the rainy season and 398 (68,62% from the dry season. In the rainy period the most prevalent agents were: bacteria from the genus Corynebacterium sp (53,30%, Staphylococcus sp (19,78% and Rhodococcus equi (13,74%. In the dry period, the commonest ones were: Corynebacterium sp (44,97%, Staphylococcus sp (18,84% and Micrococcus sp (9,55%. The results demonstrated that the methods used to select health quarters in brazilian dairy buffalo farms allow the transmission of contagious bacteria during both seasons of the year, maintaining Ital.J.Anim.Sci. vol. 6, (Suppl. 2, 896-899, 2007 897 VIII World Buffalo Congress agents known to cause mainly subclinical inflammatory reactions that compromise cronically the physiology and production of the mammary gland.

  3. Productive and nutritional performance of grazing beef heifers supplemented in the dry season and/or in the dry-rainy transition season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Vieira de Barros

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of supplementation with multiple supplement or mineral mixture in the dry season (phase 1 and/or dry-rainy transition season (phase 2 on nutritional variables and productive performance of beef cattle in Uruchloa decumbens pasture. 40 heifers at initial age and average weight of 8 months and 200 ± 3.74 kg, respectively in a complete random design with four treatments and 10 replicates, were used. In the phase 1, two groups of animals were fed multiple supplement and the other two groups were fed only mineral mixture ad libitum. In the second phase of the experiment, the two groups that received multiple supplements, one continued to receive multiple supplements and the other was receiving only mineral. Regarding the two groups fed only mineral mixture in the phase 1, one continued receiving mineral mixture in phase 2 and the other receiving supplement in phase 2. In the phase 1, supplemented animals presented higher daily average gain (DAG, the supplementation increased intake in kg/day of dry matter (DM, organic matter (OM, CP, non fibrous carbohydrates (NFC, digested dry matter (DDM, and total digestible nutrients (TDN and it improved digestibility of all dietary constituents (P<0.10, except those of neutral detergent fiber (NDFap and ether extract (EE (P<0.10. The supplementation in the dry-rainy transition season (phase 2 increased intake in kg/day of DM, forage dry matter (FDM, OM, forage organic matter (FOM, CP, EE, DDM, digested neutral detergent fiber (DNDF and indigestible neutral detergent fiber. There was an interaction effect on supplementation in the dry season and in the dry-rainy transition season on the DAG, NFC intake, on the coefficients of DM, OM, CP, NDFap and on the content of TDN. It is recommended the use of multiple supplements for grazing beef heifers in the growth phase in the dry season and in the rainy-dry transition period. Supplementation in the dry season

  4. An investigation related to the optimal speed of motion of a car (in sunny and rainy days, summer and winter) and of a submarine apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gluskin, Emanuel

    2014-07-01

    The dependence of the minimal amount of energy (and thus of fuel) needed for a given journey (where the engine is never switched off), Wmin , with the density of the air, ρ, is estimated, for high velocities, as Wmin  ˜ ρ1/3. Rainy conditions are especially interesting. The modelling uses the concept of average speed of the vehicle, allowing one to think about motion with constant speed. Different kinds of resistive force, appropriate also for motion in liquid, i.e. for submarine apparatuses, are considered. The discussion seems to be methodologically and motivationally appropriate for the classroom.

  5. Spatial structure of monthly rainfall measurements average over 25 years and trends of the hourly variability of a current rainy day in Rwanda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nduwayezu, Emmanuel; Kanevski, Mikhail; Jaboyedoff, Michel

    2013-04-01

    Climate plays a vital role in a wide range of socio-economic activities of most nations particularly of developing countries. Climate (rainfall) plays a central role in agriculture which is the main stay of the Rwandan economy and community livelihood and activities. The majority of the Rwandan population (81,1% in 2010) relies on rain fed agriculture for their livelihoods, and the impacts of variability in climate patterns are already being felt. Climate-related events like heavy rainfall or too little rainfall are becoming more frequent and are impacting on human wellbeing.The torrential rainfall that occurs every year in Rwanda could disturb the circulation for many days, damages houses, infrastructures and causes heavy economic losses and deaths. Four rainfall seasons have been identified, corresponding to the four thermal Earth ones in the south hemisphere: the normal season (summer), the rainy season (autumn), the dry season (winter) and the normo-rainy season (spring). Globally, the spatial rainfall decreasing from West to East, especially in October (spring) and February (summer) suggests an «Atlantic monsoon influence» while the homogeneous spatial rainfall distribution suggests an «Inter-tropical front» mechanism. What is the hourly variability in this mountainous area? Is there any correlation with the identified zones of the monthly average series (from 1965 to 1990 established by the Rwandan meteorological services)? Where could we have hazards with several consecutive rainy days (using forecasted datas from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute)? Spatio-temporal analysis allows for identifying and explaining large-scale anomalies which are useful for understanding hydrological characteristics and subsequently predicting these hydrological events. The objective of our current research (Rainfall variability) is to proceed to an evaluation of the potential rainfall risk by applying advanced geospatial modelling tools in Rwanda: geostatistical

  6. Evaluation of the efficiency of the photo Fenton disinfection of natural drinking water source during the rainy season in the Sahelian region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ndounla, J., E-mail: juliette.ndounla@epfl.ch [Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering GPAO, Station 6, CH 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Institut International d' Ingénierie de l' Eau et de l' Environnement, Laboratoire Eau, Dépollution, Ecosystème et Santé (LEDES), 01 BP 594 Ouagadougou 01 (Burkina Faso); Pulgarin, C., E-mail: Cesar.pulgarin@epfl.ch [Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering GPAO, Station 6, CH 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2014-09-15

    The photo-disinfection of water from two different wells (W1, pH: 4.6–5.1 ± 0.02) and (W2 pH: 5.6–5.7 ± 0.02) was carried out during the rainy season at Ouagadougou–Burkina Faso, West Africa. The weather variation during the rainy season significantly affects the photo-disinfection processes (solar disinfection and photo-Fenton). The dilution of the water by rainwater highly affected the chemical composition of the wells' water used in this study; very low iron contents Compared to the ones recorded during the dry season were recorded in all water samples. Both photo-disinfection processes were used to treat 25 L of water in a compound parabolic collector (CPC). None of them have shown the total inactivation of both wild enteric bacteria strains (total coliforms/E. coli and Salmonella spp.) involved in the treatment. However, the total coliforms/E. coli strains were totally inactivated during the exposure under most of the photo-Fenton treatment. Also, the remaining strains, especially those of Salmonella spp. were achieved during the subsequent 24 h of dark storage under the action of the Fenton process. Under uniquely solar radiation, total inactivation was recorded only in the total coliforms/E. coli strains. The impact of the available irradiance on the efficiency of the photo-Fenton disinfection of natural water was highlighted during the exposure under high intermittent solar radiation. The impact of the HCO{sub 3}{sup −} concentration of both wells' water on the evolution of the pH during the photo-disinfection was recorded. Drastic decrease was noticed after the initial fast increase in presence of low HCO{sub 3}{sup −} concentration while a steady state was observed after the increase in presence of higher concentration. The redox activities of the nitrogen components of the water during both photo-disinfection processes have led to increased concentration of nitrite in all the cases and variations were noticed in that of nitrate and

  7. Very high CO2 exchange fluxes at the peak of the rainy season in a West African grazed semi-arid savanna ecosystem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tagesson, Håkan Torbern; Ardoe, Jonas; Guiro, Idrissa

    2016-01-01

    include a combination of moderately dense herbaceous C4 ground vegetation, high soil nutrient availability and a grazing pressure increasing the fluxes. Even though the peak net CO2 uptake was high, the annual budget of −229 ± 7 ± 49 g C m−2 y−1 (±random errors ± systematic errors) is comparable...... to that of other semi-arid savanna sites due the short length of the rainy season. An inter-comparison between the open-path and a closed-path infrared sensor indicated no systematic errors related to the instrumentation. An uncertainty analysis of long-term NEE budgets indicated that corrections for air density...... response to climate change....

  8. Levels of ground corn supplied to beef heifers at pasture during the rainy season: productive performance, intake, digestibility and microbial efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darcilene Maria de Figueiredo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to evaluate the effect of four levels of ground corn supply on nutritional parameters, microbial synthesis efficiency and growing performance of beef heifers, at the rainy season. For such, 28 crossbred yearling heifers, with initial age of 16-17 months and initial weight of 255 ± 31.0 kg were distributed into five paddoks of B. decumbens, of 2.0 ha each, with average potentially digestible DM availability of 2,377.0 kg/ha. For each one of the lots, one of the following supplements was daily supplied: mineral mix exclusively or with ground corn at levels 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 or 1.00 kg/day. The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design with five treatments (supplements, five repetitions for the groups receiving exclusive mineral mix or mineral mix plus corn on the level of 0.50 kg/day and six repetitions for those receiving the other supplements. There was a response of 0.092 kg of weight gain for every 1 kg of ground corn supplied to the animals, and no substitution effect was verified on the dry matter intake of pasture. The increase in ground corn levels increased metabolizable energy intake, which is explained by the crescent linear effect on digestible dry matter intake, on apparent digestibility of dry matter and organic matter as well as on the levels of total digestible nutrients of the diet consistent with the increase in intake of the most digestible ingredient, ground corn. In the same way, there was a positive linear effect for apparent digestibility of neutral detergent fiber. The supplementation provided linear positive effect on the flow of microbial nitrogen compounds (MICN for the small intestine, and did not affect the microbial synthesis efficiency. The supply of energetic supplement for beef heifers, at pasture, during the rainy season increases the use of the forage and consequently, weight gain.

  9. Effect of supplementation of beef cattle with different protein levels and degradation rates during transition from the dry to rainy season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Rodolfo Maciel; de Almeida, Chafic Mustafé; Carvalho, Bruna Caldas; Alves Neto, João Alexandrino; Mota, Verônica Aparecida Costa; de Resende, Flávio Dutra; Siqueira, Gustavo Rezende

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing the supply of protein with different degradation rates on the performance and metabolism of growing Nellore cattle reared on Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu pasture during the transition period from the dry to rainy season. The experiment was installed on an area of 34 ha, divided into 12 paddocks with an average area of 2.85 ha. In the performance evaluation were utilized 72 recently weaned, non-castrated Nellore cattle with an initial body weight (BW) of 199 kg (SEM = 16). The following supplements were used: energy protein supplement containing 25% crude protein (CP) (C-25) and energy protein supplements containing 40% CP with one third highly degradable CP and two thirds poorly degradable CP (40-1/3NPN), one half highly degradable CP and one half poorly degradable CP (40-1/2NPN), and two thirds highly degradable CP and one third poorly degradable CP (40-2/3NPN). Higher protein degradation rates reduced supplement intake (P supplement 40-1/3NPN exhibited higher average daily gain (ADG) (0.30 kg/day), similar to that of animals receiving supplement 40-1/2NPN (P = 0.04). In the second period, supplement 40-2/3NPN resulted in lower ADG (0.19 kg/day less than the other supplements). There was no effect of supplement on animal performance in the third period (P > 0.10), when ADG was 0.56 kg/day. In conclusion, the response to supplementation is associated with interactions with characteristics of the forage canopy. Supplementation with a true protein source will be beneficial only during the early stage of the dry-rainy season transition period.

  10. Contamination of drinking water sources during the rainy season in an urban post-conflict community in Guinea Bissau: implications for sanitation priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombatti, R; Vieira, C S; Bassani, F; Cristofoli, R; Coin, A; Bertinato, L; Riccardi, F

    2009-06-01

    Since the 1998 civil warcholera outbreaks and waterborne infections have been a major cause of morbidity and mortality during the rainy season in Guinea Bidsau. Our survey aims at: (1) describing the distribution, characteristics and use of water sources and sewage facilities in a central area of the capital city of Bissau; (2) determining the microbiological quality of drinking water during the rainy season. After mapping of the Cuntum 3 study area, water sources' and latrines' location, characteristics and use were determined by visual inspection and interviews with householders. Microbiological analyses were peformed from water sources for evaluation of total Coliforms, E. coli, Enterococcus faecalis. Twelve water sources (9 wells, 3 taps) and 15 latrines were identified and used by 444 inhabitants. Water sources and latrines were at less than 5 meters distance apart. Wells were self-built, hand-dug, shallow (4-6 meters), unprotected. Taps were located outdoor. Latrines were self-built, open air, unprotected. None of the houses had a bathroom. Maintenance of wells, taps and latrines is not performed on regular basis and well's handling habits are not safe. Well and tap water showed heavy faecal contamination with more than 1000 CFU/100 ml. The contamination of drinking water in Bissau due to poor construction, maintenance and improperuse ten years after the civil war, demonstrates the need to allocate resources after conflicts in the area of water and sanitation. Both should be included as a priority in post-conflict reconstruction programs in order to reduce cholera outbreaks and diarrhoea related mortality.

  11. Evaluation of the efficiency of the photo Fenton disinfection of natural drinking water source during the rainy season in the Sahelian region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndounla, J; Pulgarin, C

    2014-09-15

    The photo-disinfection of water from two different wells (W1, pH: 4.6-5.1 ± 0.02) and (W2 pH: 5.6-5.7 ± 0.02) was carried out during the rainy season at Ouagadougou-Burkina Faso, West Africa. The weather variation during the rainy season significantly affects the photo-disinfection processes (solar disinfection and photo-Fenton). The dilution of the water by rainwater highly affected the chemical composition of the wells' water used in this study; very low iron contents Compared to the ones recorded during the dry season were recorded in all water samples. Both photo-disinfection processes were used to treat 25 L of water in a compound parabolic collector (CPC). None of them have shown the total inactivation of both wild enteric bacteria strains (total coliforms/E. coli and Salmonella spp.) involved in the treatment. However, the total coliforms/E. coli strains were totally inactivated during the exposure under most of the photo-Fenton treatment. Also, the remaining strains, especially those of Salmonella spp. were achieved during the subsequent 24h of dark storage under the action of the Fenton process. Under uniquely solar radiation, total inactivation was recorded only in the total coliforms/E. coli strains. The impact of the available irradiance on the efficiency of the photo-Fenton disinfection of natural water was highlighted during the exposure under high intermittent solar radiation. The impact of the HCO3(-) concentration of both wells' water on the evolution of the pH during the photo-disinfection was recorded. Drastic decrease was noticed after the initial fast increase in presence of low HCO3(-) concentration while a steady state was observed after the increase in presence of higher concentration. The redox activities of the nitrogen components of the water during both photo-disinfection processes have led to increased concentration of nitrite in all the cases and variations were noticed in that of nitrate and ammonia. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B

  12. Nutritional parameters of Nellore heifers grazing in grass marandu receiving energy, protein and multiple supplement the dry-rainy transition period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Chambó Rondena Pesqueira-Silva

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to evaluate thein take and digestibility of nutrients, ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N in the rumen and serum urea nitrogen (BUN in Nellore heifers in grass Marandu recreated during the transition period dry energy supplement receiving waters, protein and multiple. We used four heifers with average body weight and initial age of 189.5 kg and 12 months respectively, distributed in four paddocks of 0.25 ha each. The design was a 4x4 Latin square (four supplements and four periods of 14 days. The supplements were: energy supplement (ES protein (PS and multiple (MS, provided the amount of 1 kg animal day-1 in addition to supplement containing commercial mineral mixture ad libitum (MM. The concentrate supplementation did not increase intakes of dry matter, total organic matter and forage. The additional SP provided greater (P<0,0001 intake of crude protein (CP. The SE and SP supplement resulted ingreater ether extract intake. The CP was higher (P<0.0001 in animals supplemented with SP and SM. Immediately before and four hours after supplementation higher concentrations of ruminal NH3-N were observed for the SM and SP supplements. There were no differences for ser um urea nitrogen (BUN. The use of protein supplement and multiple provided the best fit of the rumen of heifers during the transition period dry-rainy fed on grasses Marandu environment.

  13. Investeerimisel tuleb õigesti otsustada / Meelis Atonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Atonen, Meelis, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii : Zolotoi Vestnik, 18. dets. 2007, lk. 3; Delovõje Vedomosti : Zolotoi Vestnik, 19. dets. 2007, lk. 3; Den za Dnjom : Zolotoi Vestnik, 21. dets. 2007, lk. 3; Postimees : na russkom jazõke : Zolotoi Vestnik, 28. dets. 2007, lk. 3. Majanduse jahenemisele ja tarbimisbuumile järgnevaks ajaks valmistumisel on tähtis teha õigeid otsuseid tulevikku investeerimisel ning et investeeritud raha säiliks ja ühtlasi ka kasvaks. Kommenteerivad: Hannes Võrno, Jürgen Ligi, Peep Aru, Indrek Neivelt ja Aune Past. Ajal. Molodjozh Estonii : Zolotoi Vestnik, Delovõje Vedomosti : Zolotoi Vestnik kommenteerivad: Indrek Neivelt, Olga Sõtnik, Tatjana Muravjova

  14. Sündinud mittetapjaks / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmar Raagi Hamleti-teemaline lühimängufilm "Miski on mäda ehk Kogu vale Hamletist" ("Something is Rotten or All the Lie About Hamlet") võrdluses Kenneth Branagh' suurejoonelise Hollywoodi toodanguga "Hamlet" : USA 1996. Lisa : A. Ermeli koostatud K. Branagh' filmograafia lk. 86

  15. Tallinna evakueerimine 1944. a. septembris / Meelis Maripuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maripuu, Meelis

    2008-01-01

    Saksa vägede ja tsiviilisikute evakueerimisest Tallinnast 1944. aasta septembris. Tabel 1: Eesti mahajätmise plaani korrigeerimine taandumise käigus. Evakueeritud tsiviilisikute erinevatest gruppidest. Evakueerimise käigust. Evakueerimise tipp-päevaks kujunes 20. september. Tabel 2: Tallinnast 18.-22. septembril 1944 lahkunud Saksa laevad evakueeritutega

  16. Kuulus Roman Viktjuki Teater Tallinnas / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    26. ja 27. mail Vene Kultuurikeskuses Roman Viktjuki Teatri külalisetendused. Mängitakse R. Viktjuki lavastust "Kellavärgiga apelsin" Anthony Burgessi romaani järgi ja Viktjuki versiooni Oscar Wilde'i kurbmängust "Salomé"

  17. Selgusid aasta 2010 tegijad / Meelis Kaubi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaubi, Meelis

    2010-01-01

    Saare maakonna aasta õppijaks valiti Rehe Pagar OÜ juhataja Glaudja Majorova, Aasta koolitajaks Signe Sarah Arro, Aasta koolitussõbralikumaks organisatsiooniks Trelleborg IP Estonia ja Aasta koolitussõbralikumaks omavalitsuseks Pöide vald

  18. High resolution numerical simulation (WRF V3) of an extreme rainy event over the Guadeloupe archipelago: Case of 3-5 january 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Didier C.; Cécé, Raphaël; Dorville, Jean-François

    2013-04-01

    During the dry season, the Guadeloupe archipelago may be affected by extreme rainy disturbances which may induce floods in a very short time. C. Brévignon (2003) considered a heavy rain event for rainfall upper 100 mm per day (out of mountainous areas) for this tropical region. During a cold front passage (3-5 January 2011), torrential rainfalls caused floods, major damages, landslides and five deaths. This phenomenon has put into question the current warning system based on large scale numerical models. This low-resolution forecasting (around 50-km scale) has been unsuitable for small tropical island like Guadeloupe (1600 km2). The most affected area was the middle of Grande-Terre island which is the main flat island of the archipelago (area of 587 km2, peak at 136 m). It is the most populated sector of Guadeloupe. In this area, observed rainfall have reached to 100-160 mm in 24 hours (this amount is equivalent to two months of rain for January (C. Brévignon, 2003)), in less 2 hours drainage systems have been saturated, and five people died in a ravine. Since two years, the atmospheric model WRF ARW V3 (Skamarock et al., 2008) has been used to modeling meteorological variables fields observed over the Guadeloupe archipelago at high resolution 1-km scale (Cécé et al., 2011). The model error estimators show that meteorological variables seem to be properly simulated for standard types of weather: undisturbed, strong or weak trade winds. These simulations indicate that for synoptic winds weak to moderate, a small island like Grande-Terre is able to generate inland convergence zones during daytime. In this presentation, we apply this high resolution model to simulate this extreme rainy disturbance of 3-5 January 2011. The evolution of modeling meteorological variable fields is analyzed in the most affected area of Grande-Terre (city of Les Abymes). The main goal is to examine local quasi-stationary updraft systems and highlight their convective mechanisms. The

  19. Local feeding strategies and milk composition in small-scale dairy production systems during the rainy season in the highlands of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonso-Ávila, Ángel René; Wattiaux, Michel A; Espinoza-Ortega, Angélica; Sánchez-Vera, Ernesto; Arriaga-Jordán, Carlos M

    2012-03-01

    The objective of the work was to identify local feeding strategies in small-scale dairy production systems during the rainy season in the highlands of Mexico, and to determine their effects on milk yields (MY), milk composition and economic viability. Twenty-two dairy farms were monitored by monthly visits, recording and sampling milk from between two and six cows in each farm, live-weight was also recorded. Samples from feeds used in that month were taken and feeds given to the dairy herd were weighed. Economic data was also recorded. Milk composition and milk urea nitrogen were determined, as well as chemical composition of feeds. Eighteen feedstuffs were identified, grouped in: HNH feeds-high in neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in DM matter; HNL feeds-high in NDF but low in DM; HCh feeds-high in non-fibrous carbohydrates; and HCP feeds-high in crude protein. Four feeding strategies were identified: strategy 1 uses HND, HNL and HCP; strategy 2-HND, HNL, HCh and HCP; strategy 3 HNH and HCP; and strategy 4 HNL and HCP. Of participating farms, 73.4% followed strategy 1, 11.3% strategy 2, 11.3% strategy 4 and 3.8% strategy 3. There were no statistical differences (P > 0.05) between strategies for MY and milk composition, but there were differences (P  0.05) model relating intake of feed groups and milk fat content, but milk protein and SNF contents were significantly explained by intake of HCP. When expressed as MY and milk components yield, milk fat yield was significantly explained by intake of all four feed groups, but milk protein and SNF yields were explained only by intake of HCP and LW. MUN excretion was explained also by HCP intake. All feeding strategies produced positive economic returns, on average generating the equivalent of 3.45 minimum wages of the area.

  20. The density and biomass of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton in the Negro and the Amazon Rivers during the rainy season: the ecological importance of the confluence boundary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Ryota; Rimachi, Elvis V; Santos-Silva, Edinaldo N; Calixto, Laura S F; Leite, Rosseval G; Khen, Adi; Yamane, Tetsuo; Mazeroll, Anthony I; Inuma, Jomber C; Utumi, Erika Y K; Tanaka, Akira

    2017-01-01

    The boundary zone between two different hydrological regimes is often a biologically enriched environment with distinct planktonic communities. In the center of the Amazon River basin, muddy white water of the Amazon River meets with black water of the Negro River, creating a conspicuous visible boundary spanning over 10 km along the Amazon River. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the confluence boundary between the white and black water rivers concentrates prey and is used as a feeding habitat for consumers by investigating the density, biomass and distribution of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton communities across the two rivers during the rainy season. Our results show that mean mesozooplankton density (2,730 inds. m -3 ) and biomass (4.8 mg m -3 ) were higher in the black-water river compared to the white-water river (959 inds. m -3 ; 2.4 mg m -3 ); however an exceptionally high mesozooplankton density was not observed in the confluence boundary. Nonetheless we found the highest density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence boundary (9.7 inds. m -3 ), being up to 9-fold higher than in adjacent rivers. The confluence between white and black waters is sandwiched by both environments with low (white water) and high (black water) zooplankton concentrations and by both environments with low (white water) and high (black water) predation pressures for fish larvae, and may function as a boundary layer that offers benefits of both high prey concentrations and low predation risk. This forms a plausible explanation for the high density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence zone of black and white water rivers.

  1. The density and biomass of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton in the Negro and the Amazon Rivers during the rainy season: the ecological importance of the confluence boundary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryota Nakajima

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The boundary zone between two different hydrological regimes is often a biologically enriched environment with distinct planktonic communities. In the center of the Amazon River basin, muddy white water of the Amazon River meets with black water of the Negro River, creating a conspicuous visible boundary spanning over 10 km along the Amazon River. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the confluence boundary between the white and black water rivers concentrates prey and is used as a feeding habitat for consumers by investigating the density, biomass and distribution of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton communities across the two rivers during the rainy season. Our results show that mean mesozooplankton density (2,730 inds. m−3 and biomass (4.8 mg m−3 were higher in the black-water river compared to the white-water river (959 inds. m−3; 2.4 mg m−3; however an exceptionally high mesozooplankton density was not observed in the confluence boundary. Nonetheless we found the highest density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence boundary (9.7 inds. m−3, being up to 9-fold higher than in adjacent rivers. The confluence between white and black waters is sandwiched by both environments with low (white water and high (black water zooplankton concentrations and by both environments with low (white water and high (black water predation pressures for fish larvae, and may function as a boundary layer that offers benefits of both high prey concentrations and low predation risk. This forms a plausible explanation for the high density of ichthyoplankton in the confluence zone of black and white water rivers.

  2. Climatologia do comportamento do período chuvoso da região sudeste do Brasil Climatology of the rainy period behavior in the southeast region of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosandro Boligon Minuzzi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisados dados diários de 203 estações pluviométricas localizadas na região Sudeste do Brasil, com o objetivo de caracterizar climaticamente e analisar a tendência do comportamento do período chuvoso. Os resultados indicam que o período chuvoso inicia mais cedo (entre 13 e 22 de setembro e tem maior duração (210 a 229 dias na região litorânea de São Paulo. Comportamento oposto ao observado nas regiões Norte e Vale do Jequitinhonha, em Minas Gerais, onde o período chuvoso inicia em média, entre os dias 23 de outubro a 2 de novembro, durando apenas 136 a 155 dias. As datas de início e a duração do período chuvoso estão fortemente correlacionadas entre si, bem como, entre o total de precipitação e a duração do período chuvoso em praticamente todo o Sudeste do Brasil. De modo geral, desde meados da década de 1970, o período chuvoso tem iniciado precocemente e durado mais no Sudeste do Brasil. Quanto à quantidade de chuva, esta tem ocorrido em maiores quantidades somente na área MG3 (sudeste de Minas Gerais e no estado de São Paulo.Daily data from 203 pluviometric stations, located in the Southeast region of Brazil, were studied with the objective to characterize climatically and analyze the tendency of the behavior of the rainy period. The results indicate that the rainy period begins early (between 13 and September 22th and has larger duration (210 to 229 days at the coastal area of São Paulo. Behavior opposed to the observed in the areas North and Vale do Jequitinhonha, in Minas Gerais, where the rainy period begins on average, among October 23th on November 2nd, only lasting 136 to 155 days. The duration and the dates at the beginning of the rainy period are strongly correlated, as well as, among the precipitation total and the duration of the rainy period in practically the whole Southeast region of Brazil. In general, from middles of the 1970's, the rainy period has started earlier and lasted more in the

  3. Short-term assessment of the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season on La Azufrada coral reef, Gorgona Island, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego F. Lozano-Cortés

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the major stresses on corals is the settlement of suspended sediment on their surfaces. This leads to the blocking of light, the covering of the coral mucus surface and an increased risk of disease. For this reason sediment deposition on a reef is considered a highly important variable in coral reef studies. With the use of sediment traps and oceanographic sensors, the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season (April-May 2009 on a Tropical Eastern Pacific coral reef (La Azufrada at Gorgona Island in Colombia were investigated. To quantify sediment deposition, sediment traps were established in nine stations along the coral reef (three stations per reef zone: backreef, flat and slope. To minimize disturbance by aquatic organisms in the sediment traps these were filled with hypersaline borax-buffered 10% formaline solution before their deployment; animals found in the filter contents were fixed and stored in a 4% formalin solution, frozen and identified in the laboratory. To determine the water conditions, discrete samples of water from 1 m and 10 m depths were collected using a Niskin bottle. Oceanographic variables (temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen as well as turbidity, chlorophyll and nutrient concentration (nitrite, nitrate and phosphorus were measured in the samples from both depths. Vertical records of temperature and salinity were carried out with a Seabird-19 CTD nearest to La Azufrada and water transparency was measured using a Secchi disk. We found a mean trap collection rate of 23.30±4.34gm-2d-1 and did not detect a significant difference in the trap collection rate among reef zones. The mean temperature and salinity in the coral reef depth zone (0-10m layer were 26.98±0.19°C and 32.60±0.52, respectively. Fourteen taxonomic groups of invertebrates were detected inside the sediment traps with bivalves and copepods being the most abundant and frequen. The findings presented here constitute

  4. Short-term assessment of the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season on La Azufrada coral reef, Gorgona Island, Colombia

    KAUST Repository

    Lozano-Cortés, Diego F

    2014-02-01

    One of the major stresses on corals is the settlement of suspended sediment on their surfaces. This leads to the blocking of light, the covering of the coral mucus surface and an increased risk of disease. For this reason sediment deposition on a reef is considered a highly important variable in coral reef studies. With the use of sediment traps and oceanographic sensors, the sediment deposition rate and water conditions during a rainy season (April-May 2009) on a Tropical Eastern Pacific coral reef (La Azufrada) at Gorgona Island in Colombia were investigated. To quantify sediment deposition, sediment traps were established in nine stations along the coral reef (three stations per reef zone: backreef, flat and slope). To minimize disturbance by aquatic organisms in the sediment traps these were filled with hypersaline borax-buffered 10% formaline solution before their deployment; animals found in the filter contents were fixed and stored in a 4% formalin solution, frozen and identified in the laboratory. To determine the water conditions, discrete samples of water from 1 m and 10 m depths were collected using a Niskin bottle. Oceanographic variables (temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen) as well as turbidity, chlorophyll and nutrient concentration (nitrite, nitrate and phosphorus) were measured in the samples from both depths. Vertical records of temperature and salinity were carried out with a Seabird-19 CTD nearest to La Azufrada and water transparency was measured using a Secchi disk. We found a mean trap collection rate of 23.30±4.34gm-2d-1 and did not detect a significant difference in the trap collection rate among reef zones. The mean temperature and salinity in the coral reef depth zone (0-10m layer) were 26.98±0.19°C and 32.60±0.52, respectively. Fourteen taxonomic groups of invertebrates were detected inside the sediment traps with bivalves and copepods being the most abundant and frequen. The findings presented here constitute the first report

  5. Physic nut seed productivity (Jatropha curcas L.), in rainy season, under different drip irrigation levels and potassium dosages; Produtividade de sementes de pinhao-manso (Jatropha curcas L.), da estacao chuvosa, submetido a diferentes laminas de irrigacao e adubacao potassica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deus, Fabio Ponciano de; Faria, Manoel Alves de; Portela, Jaqueline Damyane [Universidade Federal de Lavras (DEG/UFLA), Lavras, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia], E-mail: fpdagricola@yahoo.com.br; Oliveira, Ednaldo Liberato de [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica (CEFET), Januaria, MG (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The aim of this research was to value the Physic nut seed productivity, in rainy season, under different drip irrigation levels and potassium dosages, for 2008, 2009 and for the accumulated of theses years, in Lavras - MG, Brazil. The experimental design was the one of randomized blocks, in split plot design, with four replicates. The treatment levels were four water levels (plots) and four potassium dosages (subplots). The irrigation was applied based on the amount estimated by the water balance considering the class A pan evaporation (ECA) and rain depths - L{sub 0} (non irrigated), L{sub 40}, L{sub 80} and L{sub 120} (40, 80 and 120% of the balance respectively). The potassium dosages were K{sub 30}, K{sub 60}, K{sub 90} and K{sub 120} (30, 60, 90 and 120 kg.ha{sup -1} respectively). It was used the drip irrigation system. It was used the Sisvar 4.0 software, for analysis of variance and the Tukey test at 5% level of probability to compare the means. However, it was possible to observe in rainy season, that the irrigation has not changed the Physic nut seed productivity. The potassium level 120 kg.ha{sup -1} in all significant situations was the treatment with higher productivity. (author)

  6. Lactic acid microbiota identification in water, raw milk, endogenous starter culture, and fresh Minas artisanal cheese from the Campo das Vertentes region of Brazil during the dry and rainy seasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, R D; Oliveira, L G; Sant'Anna, F M; Luiz, L M P; Sandes, S H C; Silva, C I F; Silva, A M; Nunes, A C; Penna, C F A M; Souza, M R

    2016-08-01

    Minas artisanal cheese, produced in the Campo das Vertentes region of Brazil, is made from raw milk and endogenous starter cultures. Although this cheese is of great historical and socioeconomic importance, little information is available about its microbiological and physical-chemical qualities, or about its beneficial microbiota. This work was aimed at evaluating the qualities of the cheese and the components used for its production, comparing samples collected during the dry and rainy seasons. We also conducted molecular identification and isolated 50 samples of lactic acid bacteria from cheese (n=21), water (n=3), raw milk (n=9), and endogenous starter culture (n=17). The microbiological quality of the cheese, water, raw milk, and endogenous starter culture was lower during the rainy period, given the higher counts of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus and total and thermotolerant coliforms. Enterococcus faecalis was the lactic acid bacteria isolated most frequently (42.86%) in cheese samples, followed by Lactococcus lactis (28.57%) and Lactobacillus plantarum (14.29%). Lactobacillus brevis (5.88%), Enterococcus pseudoavium (5.88%), Enterococcus durans (5.88%), and Aerococcus viridans (5.88%) were isolated from endogenous starter cultures and are described for the first time in the literature. The lactic acid bacteria identified in the analyzed cheeses may inhibit undesirable microbiota and contribute to the safety and flavor of the cheese, but this needs to be evaluated in future research. Copyright © 2016 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. ESPERMATIC EVALUATION IN YOUNG BOER GOATS BORN IN THE RAINY AND DRY SEASONS AVALIAÇÃO ESPERMÁTICA DE CAPRINOS JOVENS DA RAÇA BOER NASCIDOS NAS ESTAÇÕES CHUVOSA E SECA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipe Queiros Gondim Bezerra

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This study had the objective to distinguish spermatic and seminal parameters in animals born during the dry (n=11 and rainy (n=11 seasons. In the rainy season, the spermatic concentration ranging from 0.90 to 2.7 x 109/mL, the progressive motility from 16.0% to 62.0%, the mass movement from 0.3 to 2.6, vigor from 1.1 to 2.8, major sperm defects of 18.3% to 3 % and minor sperm defects from 16.1%  to 3.4% . In the dry season, the spermatic concentration varied from 0.96 to 2.15 x 109/mL, the progressive motility from 35.4% to 64.1%, the mass movement form 1.7 to 3.1, vigor from 2.0 to 3.0, major sperm defects from 16.9% to 4.2% and minor sperm defects from 17.5% to 3.2%.  It was observed positive correlation between spermatic motility versus spermatic mass movement, spermatic motility versus spermatic vigor as well as a negative correlation between motility versus major sperm defects of the spermatozoa and between motility and spermatozoa smaller defects respectively, in the rainy and dry seasons. Based on these results we conclude that Boer male goats born in dry season have sexual retardation of three months in comparison to those born in the rainy station. 

    Key words:  Birth season, boer, goat, puberty, sperm morphology.

    Este trabalho objetivou determinar motilidade, turbilhonamento, vigor, defeitos maiores e menores dos espermatozoides de caprinos da raça Boer durante a estação chuvosa (n = 11 e seca (n = 11. Na estação chuvosa, a concentração espermática variou de 0,90 ± 1,46 x 109/mL a 2,7 x 109/mL, a motilidade progressiva de 16,0% a 62,0%, o turbilhonamento de 0,3 a 2,6 , vigor de 1,1 a 2,8 , defeitos maiores de 18,3% a 3% e menores de 16,1% a 3,4%. Na estação seca, a concentração espermática variou de 0,96 x 109/mL a 2,15 x 109/mL, a motilidade progressiva de 35,4% a 64,1%, o turbilhonamento de 1,7 a 3,1, vigor de 2,0 a 3,0, defeitos maiores de 16,9% a 4

  8. Tendencias parciales de los días de lluvia y la intensidad media anual en la Provincia de Córdoba, Argentina Partial Trends Of Rainy Days And Annual Mean Intensity In The Province Of Córdoba, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio de la Casa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan las tendencias parciales que han experimentado los días de lluvia (DD, la intensidad media (INT y la precipitación total anual (PP en la provincia de Córdoba, Argentina, durante la parte final del siglo XX y comienzos del actual. Las series analizadas corresponden a los registros pluviométricos diarios suministrados por el Servicio Meteorológico Nacional de las estaciones Córdoba Observatorio (CO, Pilar (PI, Villa María de Río Seco (VMRS, Villa Dolores (VD, Marcos Juárez (MJ, Laboulaye (LB y Río Cuarto (RC. El análisis se realizó utilizando el método de tendencias parciales o de puntos de quiebre desarrollado por Tomé y Miranda (2004. Además, se evaluó la significación estadística de las tendencias para los periodos delimitados por los puntos de quiebre a partir del test de Mann-Kendall. En una región en donde las tendencias totales de PP son crecientes las tendencias parciales de PP a través del tiempo en algunas localidades están más asociadas con DD y en otras con INT. Se concluye que en la provincia de Córdoba no se manifiesta una relación sistemática entre la evolución de las tendencias de la precipitación total con la intensidad media y/o la cantidad de días de lluvias al año.The partial trends that have experienced rainy days (DD, average intensity (INT and total annual precipitation (PP in the province of Córdoba, Argentina, during the final part of the twentieth century and the beginning of the current are studied. The analyzed series are daily rainfall records provided by the National Weather Service for the stations: Córdoba Observatory (CO, Pilar (PI, Villa Maria de Rio Seco (VMRS, Villa Dolores (VD, Marcos Juárez (MJ, Laboulaye (LB and Rio Cuarto (RC. The analysis was performed using the method of partial trends or break points developed by Tomé and Miranda (2004. In addition, the statistical significance of trends for the periods defined by each break point was assessed using the Mann

  9. Ovarian evaluation of Girolando (Holstein × Gir) heifers submitted to a GnRH-PGF2α-GnRH protocol in the dry or rainy seasons in the tropical savannah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilego, Ubirajara O; Santos, Fabricio C; Porto, Regiani N G; Pires, Bruno C; Oliveira Filho, Benedito D; Viu, Marco Antonio O; Gambarini, Maria Lúcia

    2013-10-01

    The Girolando breed is used in pasture-based dairy production systems in Brazil to associate the high production of Bos taurus to the rusticity and thermal adaptation of Bos indicus. This study was designed to evaluate the physiological response to a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α)-GnRH protocol to synchronize the ovulation in 40 Girolando heifers of a pasture-based dairy production system and its relationships with the temperature and humidity index (THI) during the dry (DS) and rainy season (RS) in the tropical savannah-Brazil's cerrado biome. Responses were characterized by follicular and corpus luteum number and diameter, ovulation (D9), and pregnancy rates after first AI. Total follicle number (8.1 ± 0.3 × 8.8 ± 0.3), D9 ovulatory follicle diameter (11.9 ± 0.4 × 10.1 ± 0.4 mm), corpus luteum diameter (8.6 ± 1.3 × 3.9 ± 1.5 mm), corpus luteum score (3.7 ± 0.8 × 1.8 ± 1.0), corpus luteum diameter after AI (9.6 ± 1.6 × 3.9 ± 1.5 mm), and corpus luteum score after AI (3.2 ± 0.4 × 0.9 ± 0.6) in DS and RS differed (P 0.05). Pregnancy rate was 45 % (DS) and 11 % (RS), with differences (P Girolando heifers to the GnRH-PGF2α protocol in the tropical savannah, thus reducing the chances of pregnancy at the first artificial insemination.

  10. Külalised hommikumaalt / Meeli Parijõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parijõgi, Meeli

    2013-01-01

    7.-13. maini olid Eestis õppereisil kaks Afganistani naisõpetajat - Fatema Mohammad Aziz Shaheed Mazari 1. keskkoolist ning Farida Mohammad Yunus Noor Khuda koolist. Reis oli osa arenguabiprojektist, mis parandab hariduse kättesaadavust ja kvaliteeti Afganistani maapiirkondades

  11. EÜSLi Esinduskogu koosolek / Meeli Bagger ; foto: Sulo Rosenthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bagger, Meeli, 1958-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Ühiskond Saksa Liitvabariigis (EÜSL) Esinduskogu 2007. a. tegevusest, Hamburgi Eesti Kooli tööst, Müncheni Eesti Kooli loomisloost, HEA Seltsi tööst, Projektkoori tegevusest, uue juhatuse ja komisjonide valimisest, ESTO 2009 korraldamisest

  12. Nädalalõpuga kaks "Hamletit" / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Nädalavahetuse esietendustest : W. Gombrowiczi "Laulatus", lavastaja Mati Unt, esietendus 17. märtsil Vanemuises ; O. Muhhina "Tanja, Tanja", lavastaja Kalju Komissarov, esietendus 17. märtsil Rakvere Teatris ; M. Kundera "Jacques ja tema isand", lavastaja Ain Mäeots, esietendus 18. märtsil Vanemuises ; Luigi Lunari "Senaator Fox", lavastaja Tiit Palu, esietendus 18. märtsil Endla Teatris

  13. Aia alt pilvekatusega kunstisaali / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Sabile restaureeritud sünagoog-kunstisaalist (1890).1993. a. läti skulptori Ojars Arvids Feldbergsi (sünd. 1947) poolt avatud Pedvale keskkonnakunsti keskusest, sealsetest Brinkpedvale (18. sajand) ja Frikspedvale mõisahoonetest. 1999. a. pälvis Pedvale vabaõhu kunstisaal UNESCO Melina Mercouri auhinna. Pedvales on tuleetendusega esinenud Raul Meel, eesti kunstnike töödest nimetatud Villu Jaanisoo töö "Tugitool". 16 ill

  14. Eeluurimiskohtunik kriminaalmenetluse seadustiku eelnõus / Meelis Eerik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eerik, Meelis, 1976-

    2000-01-01

    Eeluurimiskohtuniku funktsioonidest uurimistoimingute sanktsioneerimisel, kriminaalmenetluse tagamisel, kohtueelses, väljaandmis- ja kohtumenetluses ning eeluurimiskohtuniku poolt tehtavatest lahenditest

  15. Kuninglik kingitus Sofiero / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Sofiero pargist, mille tulevane Rootsi kuningas Gustav VI Adolf ja kroonprintsess Margareta said 1905. a. pulmakingiks, mille nad tegid kauniks ja kuulsaks ning pärandasid Helsingborgi linnale. Margareta avaldatud aiaraamatutest. Juubelisuveks ilmus rootsi ja inglise keeles kogumik "Sofiero. Royal Residence and Glorius Garden". 18 ill

  16. Tulumaks 20 protsenti - julgust, sõbrad! / Meelis Atonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Atonen, Meelis, 1966-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii 31. mai lk. 5, Virumaa Teataja 30. mai lk. 7, Hiiumaa, Koit, Meie Maa 30. mai lk. 5,6,2, Sakala 30. mai lk. 2, Lääne-Harju Ekspress, Vooremaa 1. juuni lk. 4,8, Järva Teataja 7. juuni lk. 2, Pärnu Postimees 8. juuni lk. 14, Nädaline 15. juuni lk. 4, Valgamaalane 18. juuni lk. 2, Liberal-Forum juuni nr. 5 lk. 1, Hiiu Leht 26. juuni lk. 2. Reformierakonna ettepanek alandada üksikisiku tulumaksu 26% 20-le. Autor: Reformierakond. Parlamendisaadik

  17. Ainult kaks küsimust / Meelis Piller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piller, Meelis

    2011-01-01

    Projekti autor 1. märtsist Tallinnas Eksperimentaalgaleriis ja CocaCola Plazas avatud vanade stereofotode näitusest "Linna-ruum 1900", stereofotograafia ajaloost lühidalt. Tallinna vaadetega stereofotode negatiivid on pärit Eesti Ajaloomuuseumist ja Eesti Filmiarhiivist. Kõige suurema stereofotode pärandi on jätnud fotograaf Jaan Riet

  18. Reformierakond ei kauple põhimõtetega / Meelis Atonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Atonen, Meelis, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht, 11. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Nädaline, 11. dets. 2001, lk. 4; Valgamaalane, 11. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 11. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Kesknädal, 19. dets. 2001, lk. 5. Tallinna võimuliidu lagunemise peapõhjus oli Tallinna 2002. aasta eelarvesse kavandatud 900 mln kuni 1,5 mld krooni suurune laen, millega Reformierakond ei ole kunagi nõustnud. Autor: Reformierakond. Parlamendisaadik

  19. Hinnakrahhi tõenäosus Eesti eluasemeturul / Meelis Angerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Angerma, Meelis

    2003-01-01

    Eesti eluasemeturu tegelikkuse erinevus teiste piirkondadega on autori arvates põhjustatud finantsturgude arengust, mis tegi kättesaadavaks eluasemelaenud, aga ka potentsiaalsest hinnamullist eluasemete turul. Tabelid. Graafik

  20. Täna õhtul algab ETVs "Bionina" sari / Meelis Burget

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burget, Meelis

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli teadlaste osalusel valminud telesarja "Bionina" esimene saade räägib kogu sarjale nime andnud seadeldisest. Kolloid- ja keskkonnakeemia vanemteadur Toonika Rinken tutvustab esimeses saates biosensorit

  1. Euroopa Kohtunike Konsultatiivnõukogu tegevusest 2015. aastal / Meelis Eerik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eerik, Meelis, 1976-

    2016-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtunike Konsultatiivnõukogu (CCJE, Consultative Council of European Judges ) on Euroopa Nõukogu nõuandev organ, mis koosneb üksnes kohtunikest ning tegeleb kohtuvõimu iseseisvuse, sõltumatuse ning pädevusega. 2015. aastal oli CCJE arvamuse (nr 18) teemaks kohtuvõimu suhe teiste võimuharudega

  2. Rahvaraamatukogu seadus muudetud. Miks see vajalik oli? / Meeli Veskus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veskus, Meeli, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    1. mail 2007 jõustunud rahvaraamatukogu seaduse muutmise seadusest, rahvaraamatukogu ülesannete täpsustamisest seoses töökeskkonna muutumisega, raamatukogu juhtimise ja juhi haridusnõuete muutmisest

  3. Värske teater vanas võimlas / Meelis Oidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidsalu, Meelis, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Uue Teatri avalavastusest - Jevgeni Grishkovetsi "Vene rännumehe ülestähendused" Genialistide Klubi uues majas, lavastaja- ja kuntnikutöö on teinud Ott Aardam ja Mart Aas, kes on ka esitajad

  4. Kivirähk VAT Teatris / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    VAT Teatri hooaja repertuaar. A. Kivirähki näidend "Sibulad ja šokolaad". Järgmise aasta jaanuaris saab teater oma statsionaarse lava - amfiteatri põhimõttel tehtud kammersaali Rahvusraamatukogus

  5. Euroopa 2014 aasta valimiste teemaline manifest / Meelis Joost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joost, Meelis

    2014-01-01

    Euroopa Puuetega Inimeste Foorumi manifest, mis kutsub üles Euroopa Parlamenti kandideerijaid lisama oma programmi tegevusi, mis aitavad parandada puuetega inimeste sotsiaalset kaasatust kogu Euroopas

  6. "Rohkem naisest kui näitlejast..." / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmus Ita Everi elulooraamat "Ita Ever. Elu suuruses". Näitlejannad Viire Valdma, Mari-Liis Lill, Ülle Kaljuste, Britta Vahur, Elina Reinold, Kersti Kreismann, Merle Palmiste ja Ülle Ulla avaldavad oma esmamulje raamatust

  7. Kolmesaja aasta tagune kroonika sai raamatuks / Meeli Pärtelpoeg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärtelpoeg, Meeli, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Rmt.: Jõelähtme kirik ja kogudus 18. sajandi esimesel poolel. Pastor Heinrich Christopher Wrede ja tema ametijärglaste kroonikamärkmed / transkribeerinud, tõlkinud ja kommenteerinud Tiina Kala. Tallinn : Muinsuskaitseamet, 2006

  8. Astmed ja hüpped / Meelis Friedenthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Friedenthal, Meelis, 1973-

    2010-01-01

    Dan Gordoni näidend "Vihmamees" (Rain Man) samanimelise filmi põhjal, filmistsenaariumi autorid Ronald Bass ja Barry Morrow, stsenaariumi aluseks Barry Morrow jutustus, lavastaja Georg Malvius. Esietendus 20. novembril Vanemuise väikeses majas

  9. Uue aadressiga Jäneda / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Jäneda mõisa ajaloost, omanikest (Johann von Benckendorff, Maria Zakrevskaja-Benckendorff, Tania Alexander), hoonetest ja nende uuest otstarbest. Pikemalt Jäneda lossist, õppehoonest (Valve Pormeister, 1968-1974), muuseumist, Georgi Särekanno koostatud raamatust "Jäneda Põllutöökeskkool 1918-2000. I". Jäneda kujundamisel arvestati V. Pormeistri, Aleksander Niine ja Ethel Brafmanni soovitusi. 14 ill

  10. Estimating absolute price level in Estonia / Meelis Angerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Angerma, Meelis

    2006-01-01

    Lähema ühe kuni viie aasta jooksul asendab Eestis ühisraha euro kohaliku valuuta krooni, kaob võimalus arvutada Eesti-spetsiifilist reaalkurssi ehk hinnataset nominaalse vahetuskursi järgi. Suhtelise hinnataseme arvutamise vajadus EL-is kasvab, sest majandussidemed liikmesriikidega järjest tihenevad. Majandusotsuste langetamiseks vajavad majandussubjektid põhjalikku informatsiooni üksikute kaupade suhtelise hinna ja kaupade grupi suhtelise hinnataseme kohta. Tabelid

  11. Euroopa Kohtunike Konsultatiivnõukogu tegevusest 2016. aastal / Meelis Eerik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eerik, Meelis, 1976-

    2017-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtunike Konsultatiivnõukogu (CCJE, Consultative Council of European Judges ) on Euroopa Nõukogu nõuandev organ, mis koosneb üksnes kohtunikest ning tegeleb kohtuvõimu iseseisvuse, sõltumatuse ning pädevusega. 2016. aastal oli CCJE arvamuse (nr 19) teemaks kohtuesimeeste roll kohtute iseseisvuse, efektiivsuse ja kvaliteedi tagamisel

  12. Eluviisi määrab valikuvabadus / Meelis Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Meelis, 1965-

    1998-01-01

    Kodu loomine tähendab mõtteviisi. Erinevaid elamisvõimalusi maailmast : taotluslik looduslähedus (S. Fehni loodud kodu Norras), afisheeritud metropol, maja kui elav organism (T. Spiegelhalteri projekteeritud päikesepatareidega elamu), T. Fujimori projekteeritud võilillemaja Jaapanis, K. Masahashi plekkangaarist konstrueeritud talumaja jm.

  13. Rosencrantz ja Guildenstern surevad Padise kloostris / Meelis Lainvoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lainvoo, Meelis

    2005-01-01

    Rakvere Teatri suvelavastus T. Stoppardi "Rosencrantz ja Guildenstern on jälle surnud" (lav. H. Toompere jun) mängitakse SA Virumaa Muuseumide poolt loa mittesaamise pärast Padise kloostri varemetel. Ka teatri suvelavastus "Pidusöök" on Rägavere mõisast üle kolinud Sagadi mõisa

  14. Uued ustavad abilised ametis / Meeli Pärtelpoeg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärtelpoeg, Meeli, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    1. oktoobril seati Tartu Pauluse kirikus ametisse 8 uut vöörmündrit. Kirikuvanema ametisse seati Ago Pärtelpoeg, Kaidu Kontkar, Fred Raju, Kalle Kepler, Rein Aviste, Ants Martin, Rein Liiva ja Andres Elias

  15. Reportaaž hilissuviselt Hämemaalt / Meelis Oidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidsalu, Meelis, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Bertolt Brechti näidend, mis kirjutatud Hella Wuolijoe jutustuste ja näidendikavandi järgi "Härra Punttila ja tema sulane Matti". Lavastaja Kalju Komissarov, esietendus 19. juunil Ugala tiigi kaldal

  16. Fontes de energia em suplementos múltiplos para novilhos em pastejo durante o período das águas Energy sources in multiple supplements for steers on pasture during rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Lopes do Nascimento

    2010-04-01

    crossbred Holstein × Zebu steers grazing Brachiara decumbens Stapf. in the rainy season. The experimental area was constituted of five 2 ha paddocks with dry matter average avaibility of 5,853.0 kg/ha. It was used 24 castrated crossbread steers aproximately at the age of 27 months and initial live weight of 377.03 ± 7.28 kg. It was given to each animal one of the following suplements: mineral mixture ad libitum, sorghum grain or corn grain as starch energy sources, and soybean hulls or wheat bran as fibrous energy sources. For the energy sources, the following were added: mineral mixture, cotton seed meal and urea to compose suplements with 33% crude protein based on dry matter given at 1.0 kg/animal/day proportion. For the animals under energetic source suplementation, the daily average gain was 33.4% higher and those that consumed suplement with sorghum grain were the ones that showed higher daily average grain and higher pasture nutrients intake regarded to the animals that consumed corn grain. The fiber total aparent digestibilidty in neutral detergent corrected for ashes and protein was not affected by the suplementation, regardless to the energy source. Urinary ureic nitrogen level was lower in animals with no suplementation. Multiple suplements provided in quantity equal to 0.3% of the live weight promote weight gain higher to that obtained with mineral mixture in finishing crosbread steers in the rainy season. Fibrous or starch source formulated suplements provide a similar yield performance.

  17. Supplementation for steers on pasture during the rainy period: intake, digestibility and ruminal parameters Suplementação para bovinos em pastejo no período das águas: consumo, digestibilidade e parâmetros ruminais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darcilene Maria Figueiredo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Supplements with different protein sources were evaluated during the rainy seasons. The supplements were supplied in base of 500g per day. The following treatments were used: soybean meal and wheat bran; wheat bran and urea; cottonseed meal (38 % crude protein; wheat bran, cottonseed meal and urea; and the control. The nutritional parameters were evaluated in five animals with initial average weight and age of 219kg and 14 months respectively, fistulated in the esophagus and in the rumen, distributed in five paddocks of 0.3 hectares in a 5 × 5, incomplete latin square design. There was no effect of supplementation or protein sources over the nutrients intake or dry matter intake from pasture. The dry matter and neutral detergent fiber digestibility obtained in cottonseed meal containing 38% crude protein was inferior to others. There was no effect in the treatments under the pH, which average value was 6.41. The higher ruminal concentration of ammonia was to treatment with wheat bran and urea, that contained the highest value of urea when compared to the other treatments. There was no negative effect of supplementation (500g per day or protein sources the nutritional parameters evaluated.Objetivou-se avaliar suplementos formulados com diferentes fontes de proteína fornecidos a bovinos no período das águas, na quantidade de 500g/dia. Utilizaram-se as seguintes matérias primas na formulação dos suplementos: farelo de soja e farelo de trigo; farelo de trigo e ureia; farelo de algodão (38 % de proteína bruta; farelo de trigo, farelo de algodão e ureia; e o testemunha (sal mineral. As variáveis nutricionais foram avaliadas em cinco animais com idade e peso médios iniciais de 14 meses e 219kg, fistulados no esôfago e no rúmen, distribuídos em cinco piquetes de 0,3 hectares, com utilização do delineamento em quadrado latino 5x5 incompleto. Não houve efeito da suplementação ou das fontes de proteína sobre o consumo de nutrientes ou

  18. Desempenho, variáveis fisiológicas e comportamento de bezerros mantidos em diferentes instalações: época chuvosa Performance, physiological and behavioral measurements of dairy calves in different housing systems: rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel de Noronha Figueiredo Vieira da Cunha

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o desempenho, o conforto térmico e o comportamento de bezerros mestiços Holandês ´ Zebu mantidos em abrigos móveis, sob sombrites ou a céu aberto durante a estação chuvosa do ano (dezembro a abril. Foram utilizados 24 bezerros mestiços do nascimento aos 70 dias de idade, distribuídos em blocos casualizados, nas seguintes instalações: abrigos móveis, telas de polipropileno e a céu aberto. Os animais mantidos a céu aberto apresentaram, à tarde, maior temperatura retal e maior frequência respiratória. Não foi observada influência dos tipos de instalação sobre as variáveis relacionadas ao comportamento, entretanto, os bezerros mantidos em abrigos móveis passaram a maior parte do tempo do lado de fora das instalações. As instalações não afetaram o desempenho dos animais. Nos três tipos de instalação, no período da tarde, os bezerros elevaram a frequência respiratória acima da faixa considerada fisiologicamente normal, o que caracteriza condição de desconforto térmico. Bezerros permanecem a maior parte do tempo do lado de fora dos abrigos móveis, mesmo nos horários de radiação solar mais intensa ou durante as horas de chuva. Bezerros mantidos em abrigos individuais, sob sombrites ou a céu aberto apresentam desempenhos semelhantes.The objective of this trial was to evaluate performance, thermal comfort and behavior of crossbred Holstein x Zebu dairy calves kept in different housing systems during the rainy season (December to April. Twenty-four calves were raised from birth to 70 days of age in one of the following housing systems: hutches; shadecloth; or no shelter. Rectal temperature and respiratory rate measurements were taken twice a day (8:00 AM and 3:00 PM when calves were 1, 4 and 9 weeks old. Respiratory rate was measured counting the number of respiratory movements per minute and rectal temperatures were taken with clinical thermometers. Behavior evaluation was done by visual

  19. Influência da La Niña na estação chuvosa da região sudeste do Brasil Influence of La Niña in the rainy season of the southeast region of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosandro Boligon Minuzzi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Dados diários de 203 estações pluviométricas, localizadas na região Sudeste do Brasil (SEB, foram utilizados com o propósito de analisar estatisticamente a influência do fenômeno La Niña (LN, no comportamento trimestral da precipitação durante a estação chuvosa (EC. A série referente a data de início da estação chuvosa em anos de ocorrência do fenômeno climático, foi classificada, baseada no seu valor médio, máximo e mínimo. A análise das influências do LN no final da estação chuvosa, foi realizada mediante a adoção da técnica dos quantis, para nove áreas pré-definidas do SEB. A quantidade trimestral de precipitação, foi classificada e correlacionada com o Índice de Oscilação Sul (IOS e a temperatura da superfície do mar (TSM de quatro regiões do Pacífico Equatorial, com a aplicação dos desvios normalizados e correlações com 'defasagem', respectivamente. Concluiu-se que durante o LN, a estação chuvosa tende a se prolongar na área SP2. Porém, no contexto geral, o fenômeno climático não influenciou o início da estação chuvosa da região Sudeste do Brasil, enquanto, as anomalias expressivas de precipitação, observadas principalmente a partir do trimestre novembro-janeiro, pouco estiveram correlacionadas com o comportamento da TSM do Pacífico Equatorial e, ou, o IOS.Daily data from 203 pluviometric stations, located in the Southeast region of Brazil (SEB, were used in order to analyze, statistically, the influence of the La Niña (LN phenomenon, in the threemonthly rainfall regime during the rainy season (RS. The series related date at the beginning of the rainy station in years of occurrence of the climatic phenomenon, were classified, based on their medium, maximum and minimum value. The analysis of the influence of LN phenomena at the end of the rainy season was accomplished by using the quantis technique, for nine areas of SEB defined previously. The amount of threemonthly precipitation

  20. Composição química de forrageiras e seletividade de bovinos em bosque-de-sabiá (Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth. nos períodos chuvoso e seco Chemical composition of forage and selectivity by bovines of "sabiá" (Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia Benth. in the rainy and dry seasons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ednéia de Lucena Vieira

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi desenvolvida no período de junho de 1999 a março de 2000, com o objetivo de determinar, nos períodos chuvoso e seco, a composição química de sabiá (Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth., com acúleo e sem acúleo, na dieta de bovinos em condições de pastejo e a composição botânica do bosque de sabiá e da dieta selecionada. Não foi observada diferença significativa quanto à composição química entre os sabiás com e sem acúleo, obtendo-se valores médios, no período chuvoso, de 26,45% de matéria seca (MS, 27,63% de proteína bruta (PB, 44,39% de fibra em detergente neutro (FDN, 25,80% de fibra em detergente ácido (FDA, 1,24% de cálcio (Ca, 0,22% de fósforo (P, 1,63% de potássio (K e 1,12% de sódio (Na. No período seco, os valores médios observados foram de 42,39% de MS; 19,30% de PB; 39,05% de FDN; 21,83% de FDA; 1,25% de Ca; 0,15% de P; 1,63% de K e 0,27% de Na. Para a composição botânica da dieta, observou-se que, durante o período chuvoso, as amostras de extrusa apresentaram maior participação de sabiá (83,1% que no período seco ( 12,3%. Os resultados obtidos indicaram que, durante o período chuvoso, os animais selecionaram sabiá em maior quantidade para sua dieta e que a coleta manual, como realizada, superestimou a fração fibrosa da dieta calculada a partir da composição química da extrusa.This trial was carried out from June 1999 to March 2000 to evaluate the chemical composition of samples of sabiá legume (Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia Benth., with and without thorns, collected in the rainy and dry seasons and to compare the botanical composition of sabiá pasture with that of the diet selected by the grazing animals. No significant difference was observed in chemical composition between samples of sabiá with and without thorns. The mean values obtained in the rainy samples were: 26.45% drymatter (DM, 27.63% crude protein (CP, 44.39% neutral detergent fiber (NDF, 25.80% acid detergent fiber

  1. Avaliação de genótipos de feijoeiro comum do grupo comercial carioca cultivados nas épocas das águas e do inverno em Uberlândia, Estado de Minas Gerais = Evaluations of common bean genotypes of the carioca commercial group cultivated in the rainy and winter seasons in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Martins

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O feijoeiro é uma das principais culturas do país, e o Estado de Minas Gerais é um dos maiores produtores, representando cerca de 15% da produção nacional. O objetivo deste trabalho foi testar o desempenho de linhagens de feijoeiro comum cultivadas nas épocas daságuas e do inverno, na região do Triângulo Mineiro, Minas Gerais. No cultivo das águas (semeadura em dezembro de 2005 e do inverno (semeadura em maio de 2006, as linhagens/cultivares testadas foram BRS Horizonte, CNFC 8059, CNFC 8065, CNFC 8075, VC-6, VC-7, VC-8, VC-9, VC-10, VC-11, VC-12, CNFC 10443, CNFC 10453, CNFC 10476,MA-I-2.5, MA-I-8.9, MA-I-18.13, RC-I-8, CV-46, CV-55 e Z-22, além das testemunhas BRSMG Majestoso, Pérola e BRSMG Talismã e VC-3. Em cada experimento, o delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados com 25 tratamentos, em três repetições, a parcela útil foi de 4 m2. No cultivo das águas, os rendimentos das linhagens mais produtivas variaram entre 2,69 e 2,78 t ha-1 (VC-9 e VC-10, respectivamente e, no inverno, alcançaram 3 t ha-1 (3,01 e 3,00 t ha-1, CNFC 8065 e Z-22, respectivamente. De maneira geral, as linhagens foram maisprodutivas no cultivo do inverno, embora a interação entre linhagens e época de cultivo tenha indicado desempenho distinto entre elas em relação à época.The common bean is one of the most important crops in Brazil, and Minas Gerais state is one of its largest producers, representing about 15% of the national production. The aim of this studywas to evaluate the performance of common bean lineages cultivated during the rainy and winter seasons in the Triângulo Mineiro region, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. In the rainy growing season (sowing in December, 2005 and in the winter season (sowing in May, 2006, the tested lineages were BRS Horizonte, CNFC 8059, CNFC 8065, CNFC 8075, VC-6, VC-7, VC-8, VC-9, VC- 10, VC-11, VC-12, CNFC 10443, CNFC 10453, CNFC 10476, MA-I-2.5, MA-I-8.9, MA-I- 18.13, RC-I-8, CV-46, CV-55 and Z

  2. Characteristics of Urban Heat Island in Enugu During Rainy Season ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The day time variations were strongly correlated to the amount of tree shading while in the night, city climate was highly correlated to sky-view factors and thermal properties in the city. Maximum UHI was about 32c during the day and hour-to-hour difference was observed at night around (1800hrs to 2300hrs). UHI over ...

  3. Study on Late Rainy Season Aerial Pollutant Gases Concentrations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research on the concentrations of pollutant gasses in tropical livestock buildings is needed in order to establish baselines for exposure limits in the context of animal and human welfare in tropical environments. Concentrations of aerial ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (NO2), flammable gas (methane, CH4), carbon monoxide ...

  4. The Tour du Canton defeats the rainy weather

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2011-01-01

    On 8 June, over 2200 runners set off from the Route Marie Curie, outside Restaurant No. 1, in the third leg of the 2011 Tour de Canton race. CERN's mixed team held onto the first place in the inter-enterprise competition.   Sigurd Lettow, CERN Director for Administration and General Infrastructure gives the start to runners at the Tour du Canton (8 June 2011). Hosted by the CERN Running Club in collaboration with the communes of Meyrin and Satigny, the race gave runners and their families the chance to pay a flying visit to CERN. “The Tour du Canton races give different areas the opportunity to show off their part of the Canton of Geneva,” says David Nisbet, a member of the Club and one of the organizers of the event. “It was a chance for us to bring unlikely visitors onto the CERN site for a day of competition and fun.” With the starting/finishing line located outside Restaurant No. 1, runners got a look at CERN’s new restaurant extensio...

  5. WELFARE REFORM: Challenges in Saving for a "Rainy Day"

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Posner, Paul

    2001-01-01

    ... remain largely a state determination made under conditions of inherent uncertainty. In 1998 we reported on states plans for financing their welfare programs in the event that the economy unexpectedly turned down...

  6. Major Meelis Kiili jääb koduõuele toodud sõjaga rahule / Meelis Kiili ; interv. Gerli Romanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiili, Meelis, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota, 22. mai 2004, lk. 5. Suurõppuse "Kevadtorm 2004" staabiülem annab hinnangud õppusele, kommenteerib Eesti liitumist NATO-ga ja sõjafilmide vastavust tegelikkusele

  7. "Siin kasvab kokku see, mis kokku kuulub" : Euroopa Liidu laienemist tähistati ka Baden-Württembergis / Meeli Bagger ; foto: Meeli Bagger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bagger, Meeli, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Ühiskond Saksa Liitvabariigis, Baden-Württembergi Eesti Rahvuskoondise ja Karlsruhe Saksa-Eesti Seltsi poolt korraldatud üritustest 2., 3. ja 5. mail 2004 - matinee, eesti klaverimuusika kontsert ja Euroopa päev

  8. Concentrate and crude protein levels in diets for dairy Gyr lineage cows grazing elephant-grass during the rainy season Níveis de concentrado e proteína bruta em dietas para vacas da raça Gir linhagem leiteira sob pastejo de capim-elefante durante a época das águas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Monteiro Araújo Teixeira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of three levels of concentrate (2.0, 4.0 and 6.0 kg/cow/day and two levels of crude protein (CP (14 and 16% total dietary dry matter, in comparison to mineral mixture (control on the intake, apparent digestibility, milk composition and yield and on feed efficiency and use of concentrates of cows grazing elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum in the rainy season. Twenty-one milking Gyr cows with average body weight of 426 kg and yield of 13.0 kg of milk/cow/day at 55 days of lactation were distributed in randomized blocks design, with seven diets (treatments in a 3 × 2 + 1 factorial arrangement and three replications, in a period of 84 days. Forage dry matter intake was not influenced by the diets, but total dietary dry matter intake increased by 45% with the inclusion of concentrate in the diet. However, milk yield increased by only 17% (1.76 kg more milk per day with the use of concentrate. For dairy Gyr cows grazing elephant-grass during the rainy season, 2 kg of concentrate/cow/day and 14% of CP in the total diet provided the best productive response without harming body weight.Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos de três níveis de concentrado (2,0; 4,0 e 6,0 kg/vaca/dia e dois de proteína bruta (PB (14 e 16% da matéria seca total da dieta em comparação à mistura mineral (controle no consumo, na digestibilidade aparente, na produção e composição do leite e na eficiência alimentar e de utilização de concentrados de vacas sob pastejo de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum na época das águas. Vinte e uma vacas Gir linhagem leiteira com média de 426 kg de peso vivo e produção de 13,0 kg de leite/vaca/dia, aos 55 dias de lactação, foram distribuídas em delineamento de blocos casualizados, com sete dietas (tratamentos, em arranjo fatorial 3 × 2 + 1 e três repetições, num período de 84 dias. O consumo de matéria seca de forragem não foi influenciado pelas

  9. Beef cattle supplementation maintained on pasture of “Panicum maximum” cv. Tanzânia-1 on rainy season Suplementação de bovinos de corte mantidos em pastagem de "Panicum maximum" cv. Tanzânia-1 no período das águas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Garcia Caramori Júnior

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective with this study was to evaluate the effect of different supplementation levels in Nelore bulls during rainy season. It was used 32 Nelore bulls with 18 months old and 374 Kg of body live weight (LW, which were submitted to one of the four treatments: T1, pasture with mineral salt; T2, pasture plus 0.2% of LW of concentrate ration; T3, pasture plus 0.4% of LW with concentrate ration; T4, pasture plus 0.6% of LW with concentrate ration. Animals were kept on pastures of Panicum maximum cv. Tanzânia-1 divided in four fields with 3 hectares, for each group. Supplements were constituted of mineral salt, corn meal, soybean meal, soybean hulls and urea. Animals were weighed at the beginning and every 28 days to determinate average daily weight gain (ADG, and kept under rotational grazing and pasture mass availability was evaluated. ADG was not influenced by the levels of supplement. The use of Tanzania grass with adequate mass pasture availability allowed higher performance of the beef cattle in rainy season, that presented ADG of 0.99kg/animal.Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o efeito de diferentes níveis de suplementação sobre o desempenho de touros Nelore PO, durante o período das águas. Foram utilizados 32 animais de 18 meses de idade, com peso vivo médio inicial de 374 Kg, os quais foram divididos em quatro grupos e submetidos aos seguintes tratamentos experimentais avaliados: mistura mineral (T1; suplementação com concentrado na base de 0,2% do peso vivo (T2; suplementação com concentrado de 0,4% do PV (T3 e suplementação com concentrado de 0,6% do PV (T4. Os animais foram mantidos durante 84 dias em pastagem de Panicum maximum cv. Tanzânia -1, dividida em quatro piquetes de 3 ha , de modo que cada um dos grupos de animais fosse mantido de acordo com o tratamento utilizado. O concentrado foi composto de mistura mineral, fubá de milho, farelo de soja, casca de soja e uréia. Os animais foram pesados no início e a

  10. Fósforo na produtividade e qualidade de sementes de feijão Carioca Precoce cultivado no período das águas Phosphorus on the productivity and seed quality of bean Carioca Precoce cultivated during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudemir Zucareli

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O fósforo é o nutriente que mais limita a produtividade do feijoeiro em solos brasileiros, podendo influenciar na qualidade fisiológica de sementes. Objetivou-se com o trabalho avaliar a produtividade e a qualidade de sementes de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. do cultivar Carioca Precoce cultivado no período das águas em resposta à adubação fosfatada. Foram avaliadas seis doses de P (0; 30; 60; 90; 120 e 150 kg de P2O5 ha-1, aplicados no sulco da semeadura na forma de superfosfato triplo, com cinco repetições. A produtividade de sementes foi determinada com base na massa das sementes produzidas na área útil da parcela experimental. A qualidade das sementes foi avaliada por meio das seguintes determinações: massa de 100 sementes, teor de água, germinação, primeira contagem, teor de água após o envelhecimento acelerado, germinação após o envelhecimento acelerado, condutividade elétrica, emergência de plântulas no campo e massa de matéria seca de plântulas. A produtividade de sementes do feijão Carioca Precoce, cultivado no período das águas, aumentou linearmente em função do suprimento de P. A massa de 100 sementes e a qualidade fisiológica das sementes não foram alteradas pelo incremento das doses de P.Common bean is an important crop in Brazilian agriculture and phosphorus (P deficiency is one of the most yield limiting factors for this crop, thus plant P-deficiency can hamper the seed physiological quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the productivity and quality of common bean seeds cv. Carioca Precoce cultivated during the rainy season in response to phosphate fertilizer. Six levels of P (0; 30; 60; 90; 120 and 150 kg of P2O5 ha-1, with five replications, were applied in the groove of sowing as triple superphosphate. The seeds yield, at the experimental plot, was determined by the dry weight. Seed quality was evaluated through the following determinations: 100-seed mass, seed moisture content

  11. Formas de utilização do milho em suplementos para novilhos na fase de terminação em pastagem no período das águas: desempenho e parâmetros nutricionais Corn, in different forms, in multiple supplements for finishing crossbred steers on pasture during rainy season: performance and nutrition parameters

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    Marlos Oliveira Porto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a influência da forma de utilização do milho em suplementos no desempenho de novilhos na fase de terminação, durante o período das águas, em pastagem de capim-braquiária. Utilizaram-se 16 bovinos mestiços com peso inicial de 384 kg e 18 meses de idade, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com quatro tratamentos mistura mineral (MM (controle; milho triturado (MT; milho desintegrado com sabugo (MDS; e milho desintegrado com palha e sabugo (MDPS - e quatro repetições. Os animais foram mantidos em pastagem de 6 ha de Brachiaria decumbens Stapf, dividida em quatro piquetes de 1,5 ha, com disponibilidade de matéria seca total (MST de 4,77 t/ha e MSpd (matéria seca potencialmente digestível de 3,14 t/ha. Para avaliação dos parâmetros nutricionais, utilizaram-se quatro animais mestiços fistulados no esôfago, no rúmen e no abomaso, com peso médio inicial de 390 kg, distribuídos em quadrado latino 4 × 4, composto de quatro tratamentos e quatro períodos experimentais. Os animais do grupo controle receberam mistura mineral diariamente (60 g/dia, enquanto os demais receberam os suplementos (1,0 kg/dia. Os suplementos múltiplos não influenciaram o desempenho dos animais, mas as concentrações séricas de uréia foram maiores nos animais sob suplementação. O consumo de PB, assim como a digestibilidade total de PB, aumentou com o uso dos suplementos múltiplos. Os animais do grupo controle (mistura mineral apresentaram maior consumo de matéria seca e matéria orgânica de pasto. O uso de suplemento múltiplo (1 kg/dia no período das águas promoveu aumento numérico de até 165 g/animal em relação à suplementação com mistura mineral. O milho desintegrado com palha e sabugo e o milho desintegrado com sabugo equivalem ao grão de milho triturado.The effect of corn feeding forms in multiple supplements on performance of finishing steers grazing signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf during rainy

  12. The influence of castanhão reservoir on nutrient and suspended matter transport during rainy season in the ephemeral Jaguaribe river (CE, Brazil Influência do açude Castanhão no transporte de nutrientes e materiais em suspensão durante a estação chuvosa no intermitente rio Jaguaribe (CE, Brasil

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    MM. Molisani

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Measurements of nutrient and suspended matter concentrations and loads entering and leaving the Castanhão reservoir during the rainy season were carried out to assess the influence of this large reservoir on land-sea fluvial transport in the ephemeral Jaguaribe river basin. Spatial variation indicated statistically significant attenuation of concentrations only for total phosphorous and suspended matter across the reservoir. Strong retention of nutrients and suspended matter loads by the reservoir was observed with average trapping efficiency of 89% for dissolved silicon, 98% of soluble reactive phosphorus, 71% for ammonium, 87% for total nitrogen, 98% for total phosphorus and 97% for suspended matter compared to the reservoir inflow. The dam operational procedure defined by the ephemeral conditions of the river reduced water releases compared to reservoir inflow and induced strong retention of nutrient and suspended matter loads within the reservoir when fluvial transfer occurs in this semiarid watershed.Medidas de concentrações e fluxos de nutrientes e material particulado em suspensão de entrada e saída do Açude Castanhão foram efetuadas para determinar a influência de um grande reservatório no transporte fluvial entre o continente e o oceano na bacia hidrográfica intermitente do Rio Jaguaribe. A variação espacial indicou uma atenuação estatisticamente significativa ao longo do reservatório somente para as concentrações de fósforo total e material particulado em suspensão. Os resultados indicam uma forte retenção de nutrientes e do material particulado em suspensão com eficiências de retenção de 89% para sílica dissolvida, 98% para fósforo solúvel reativo, 71% para amônia, 87% para nitrogênio total, 98% para fósforo total e 97% para o material particulado em suspensão em relação aos fluxos de entrada no reservatório. A rotina de operação da barragem definida pela condição intermitente do Rio Jaguaribe

  13. Seletividade de herbicidas: II - aplicação de herbicidas em pós-emergência inicial e tarida da cana-de-açúcar na época das chuvas Herbicide selectivity: II - herbicide application at initial and late and post-emergence of sugarcane in the rainy season

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    C.A.M. Azania

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este trabalho testar a seletividade dos herbicidas diuron+hexazinone, azafenidin+hexazinone, metribuzin e isoxaflutole, aplicados em pósemergência inicial e tardia das plantas de cana-de-açúcar, cultivar RB835089, na época das chuvas, em soqueira de terceiro corte, após colheita com queima prévia do canavial, em Araras-SP. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados com testemunhas pareadas, com cinco tratamentos e quatro repetições, existindo uma testemunha capinada para cada tratamento químico dentro de cada bloco. Os tratamentos foram: diuron+hexazinone (1.170+330 g ha-1, azafenidin+hexazinone (192,5+247,5 g ha-1, metribuzin (1.920 g ha-1, isoxaflutole (127,5 g ha-1 e testemunha. Concluiu-se que os herbicidas foram mais fitotóxicos quando aplicados na pós-emergência tardia. Em pós-emergência inicial, o isoxaflutole foi o único produto que afetou a produtividade agrícola. Na pós-emergência tardia, todos os herbicidas prejudicaram a produtividade agrícola, sendo o diuron+hexazinone o único produto que não afetou as características tecnológicas e o rendimento de açúcar.This research aimed to evaluate the selectivity of azafenidin+hexazinone, diuron+hexazinone, metribuzin and isoxaflutole to sugarcane, applied at initial and late post-emergence during the rainy season. The study was conducted over 3-yr sugarcane ratoons (cv. RB 835089, in Araras, SP. The experiment was arranged in randomized blocks with five treatments and four replications, and one weeded control for each treatment within each block. The treatments used were: (diuron+hexazinone (1,170 + 330 g ha-1, azafenidin+hexazinone (192.5+247.5 g ha-1, metribuzin (1,920 g ha-1 and isoxaflutole (127.5 g ha-1 and weed control. It was concluded that the herbicides damaged sugarcane the most when applied during late post-emergence. At early post-emergence, isoxaflutole was the only herbicide affecting yield. In late post-emergence, all the

  14. Avaliação do consumo e ganho de peso de novilhos em pastejo rotacionado de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum. cv. Napier, na estação chuvosa Evaluation of intake and weight gain of steers in rotacional grazing of elephantgrass (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum. cv. Napier, during the rainy season

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    Eleonora D'Avila Erbesdobler

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi conduzida na Fazenda Experimental da EPAMIG-Leopoldina, MG, onde foram avaliados o consumo de capim-elefante, a efetividade da limitação do tempo de pastejo a quatro horas diárias, para manter o consumo próximo à mantença e o ganho de peso de 36 novilhos ¾ Gir-Holandês, em cinco períodos sucessivos de 36 dias, na estação chuvosa. Os tratamentos foram: livre acesso ao pasto (pastejo irrestrito e pastejo restrito. A disponibilidade de matéria verde seca do capim-elefante nos cinco períodos variou de 4,0 a 7,8 kg/100 kg PV. Os animais com livre acesso ao pasto consumiram o equivalente a 1,61 vezes o dos animais de pastejo restrito e tiveram ganho de peso de corpo vazio médio diário de 516,4 g, com um ganho estimado de 432,5 kg por hectare, estando dentro da faixa de ganho de peso verificada para capim-elefante no Brasil. O consumo de energia metabolizável por unidade de tamanho metabólico manteve-se estável nos três primeiros períodos, elevando-se nos dois últimos períodos, em que ocorreram os maiores ganhos de peso dos animais. Quatro horas diárias de pastejo garantiram consumo próximo à mantença.The research was conducted in the experimental farm of the EPAMIG-Leopoldina, MG, to evaluate intake of elephantgrass, the effectiveness of limiting grazing time to four daily hours for keeping intake close to maintenance level, and the weight gain of thirty-six steers during five successive periods of thirty-six days, during the rainy season. The treatments were: free access to pasture (unlimited grazing and restricted grazing. The availability of green dry matter varied from 4.0 to 7.8 kg/100kg LW. The average daily weight gain of animals with free access to pasture was 516.5 g and their dry matter intake corresponded to 1.61 times that from the restricted grazing ones. The estimated gain per hectare was 423.5 kg, which is within the range reported for elephantgrass in Brasil. Metabolizable energy intake, per

  15. Consumo e digestibilidade em bovinos em pastejo durante o período das águas sob suplementação com fontes de compostos nitrogenados e de carboidratos Intake and digestibility in cattle under grazing during rainy season and supplemented with different sources of nitrogenous compounds and carbohydrates

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    Viviane Aparecida Carli Costa

    2011-08-01

    suplemento.The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of different chemical forms of nitrogenous compounds (protein and non-protein and carbohydrates (starch and soluble fiber on intake, digestibility, and ruminal synthesis of microbial protein in cattle supplemented during rainy season. It was used five crossbred Holstein × Zebu steers, with average initial body weight of 211 ± 35 kg and fistulated in the rumen and abomasum. The treatments were: control (only pasture, and supplements based on corn + soybean meal; corn + urea, citrus pulp + soybean meal, and citrus pulp + urea. The supplements were balanced to present 30% of crude protein (CP, on dry matter (DM basis, and provided at 3 g/kg BW. The experiment was carried out according to a 5 × 5 Latin square design in a 2 × 2 + 1 factorial arrangement, composed of two sources of nitrogenous compounds, two sources of carbohydrates and a control treatment. Pasture intake was reduced when supplements were fed to animals, with average substitution coefficient of 2.11 g of DM of pasture/g of DM of supplement. Supplementation did not alter the total and ruminal digestibility coefficients of DM and the dietary content of total digestible nutrients (TDN neither. Supplemented animals presented higher ruminal and total digestibility coefficients of CP than non-supplemented animals. The efficiency of microbial protein synthesis (EMPS, average of 123.1g of microbial CP/kg, was not changed by supplementation. However, animals supplemented with corn presented higher EMPS in comparison to animals supplemented with citrus pulp (137.6 and 106.1 g microbial CP/kg of TDN, respectively. Protein-energy supplementation for cattle grazing in tropical pastures during rainy season does not cause nutritional benefits, which reflects the high coefficient of substitution of forage by the supplement.

  16. Condições termodinâmicas de eventos de precipitação extrema em Belém-PA durante a estação chuvosa Thermodynamic conditions of extreme rainfall events in Belém-PA, Brazil, during the rainy season

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    João Paulo Nardin Tavares

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available As condições termodinâmicas de uma região são muito importantes para o desenvolvimento da convecção úmida profunda, principalmente nas regiões tropicais. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi o de entender e caracterizar o papel das condições termodinâmicas da atmosfera durante os eventos de precipitações extremas na estação chuvosa, no período de 1987 a 2007, em Belém (PA. Os resultados mostram que as precipitações extremas, em sua maioria (56% apresentam um ambiente precursor com forte instabilidade, indicada pelos altos valores de CAPE (acima de 1000 J/kg e valores significativos dos índices de instabilidade. Houve, contudo, eventos com baixos valores de CAPE na sondagem das 1200 UTC do dia do evento, mas valores maiores na véspera, o que indica que a chuva em questão pode ter começado na madrugada e ter perdurado por várias horas, atravessando a hora da sondagem, explicando a queda deste parâmetro. Os índices de instabilidade K, TT e LI apresentaram uma boa representação do ambiente, prognosticando as tempestades com chuvas fortes com índice de acerto de até 74%, se levados em conta os eventos em que todos os índices apontavam os mesmos resultados e indicavam forte instabilidade. As condições termodinâmicas de forte instabilidade ajudam a promover, mas não são as únicas responsáveis pelas tempestades convectivas com precipitações extremas.The thermodynamic conditions from any region are very important to the development of the deep, moist convection, mainly in the tropical region. Therefore, the aim of this work was to understand and characterize the role of atmospheric thermodynamic conditions during extreme rainfall events in the rainy season, in Belém (PA, Brazil. The results show that the extreme rainfall, in their majority (56% present a pre-storm environment with strong instability, indicated by the CAPE high values (above 1000 J/kg and meaningful values of the instability indexes. There was

  17. Caracterização da caatinga e da dieta de novilhos fistulados, na época chuvosa, no semiárido de Pernambuco Characterization of caatinga vegetation and diet of fistulated steers during the rainy season in semi-arid in Pernambuco

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    Daniel Fernando Ydoyaga Santana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Um experimento foi conduzido para caracterizar uma caatinga manipulada e estimar a composição botânica e qualidade da dieta de novilhos fistulados. O experimento foi conduzido no período chuvoso, entre março e julho de 2003. A caatinga foi pastejada por 24 novilhas das raças Guzerá e Girolando e dois novilhos esôfago-fistulados. Na caatinga, foram identificados 24 famílias, 38 gêneros e 41 espécies nos dois estratos estudados (dessas, dez espécies foram encontradas na dieta dos animais. As massas de forragem dos componentes herbáceo e arbustivo-arbóreo variaram, respectivamente, de 6.454 e 3.495kg/MS/ha no início do experimento para 782 e 378kg/MS/ha no final. Nos estratos arbóreo-arbustivo e herbáceo, as espécies agrupadas em "outras espécies" tiveram maior frequência absoluta. O estrato arbóreo-arbustivo é formado principalmente por leguminosas e herbáceo, pelo componente "outras espécies". A participação de gramineas na dieta variou de 55,0% no início a 41,8% no final do período experimental. A leguminosa mororó e a gramínea capim-buffel tiveram elevadas frequências absolutas, indicando presença expressiva na vegetação. Na dieta, houve predomínio de folhas de mororó e gramineas não-identificadas. Parte significativa da proteína bruta da forragem encontra-se indisponível devido à ligação à fibra em detergente ácido.The experiment was carried out to characterize a manipulated caatinga and to estimate the botanical composition and quality of diet for fistulated steers. The experiment was carried out during the rainy season from March to July, 2003. Caatinga was browsed by 24 Guzerá and 12 Girolando breed heifers and by two esophageal fistulated steers. In caatinga, it was identified 24 families, 38 genus, and 41 species in the two studied strata (out of them, ten species were found in the diets of the animals. Forage mass of herbaceous and shrubby-tree components ranged, respectively, from 6,454 and 3

  18. Consumo de matéria seca e desempenho de novilhas das raças Girolando e Guzerá sob suplementação na caatinga, na época chuvosa, em Pernambuco, Brasil Dry matter intake and performance of Girolando and Guzerá heifers and Guzerá under supplementation in caatinga, during the rainy season, in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Daniel Fernando Ydoyaga Santana

    2010-10-01

    total dry matter (DM differed among breeds with values of 5.44 and 6.75 kg/day, respectively for Guzerat and Girolando breeds. For animal fed cottonseed cake supplementation, total DM intake was higher than in the control group (no supplementation, however, it was similar for those under spineless cactus and cottonseed cake + spinelles cactus supplementation. Daily average body weight gain (517 and 434 g/animal, respectively, for Girolando and Guzerat groups did not differ among breeds neither was affected by breed õ supplementation interaction. However, among strategies of suplementation, values were significantly different and they were 412, 620, 371 and 498 g/animal/day, respectively, for control and cottonseed cake suplementation group; spineless cactus; cottonseed cake + spineless cactus. In Pernambuco semiarid, 1 kg of cottonseed cake supplementation improved daily average weight gain, regardless to breed of the animal during the rainy season.

  19. Parâmetros nutricionais de novilhos sob suplementação em sistema de autocontrole de consumo no período de transição águas-seca Nutritional parameters of steers supplemented in self-control consumption system in the rainy-dry season transition period

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    Joanis Tilemahos Zervoudakis

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o uso de suplementos de autocontrole de consumo sobre os parâmetros nutricionais de novilhos em pastagem de Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. No período de transição águas-seca. Utilizaram-se quatro novilhos mestiços fistulados no rúmen, abomaso e esôfago. Forneceram-se sal mineral (SAL e suplementos à base de: mistura mineral, sal comum e milho grão triturado (MGS; mistura mineral, ureia e milho grão triturado (UMG; e mistura mineral, ureia, milho grão triturado e farelo de soja (UMGFS, com diferentes teores proteicos. Os suplementos não promoveram diferenças nos consumos de nutrientes, exceto proteína bruta, cujos maiores valores foram obtidos com a utilização dos suplementos com milho grão triturado e farelo de soja. Não houve efeito dos suplementos nos parâmetros de cinética de trânsito de partículas; os valores médios encontrados para taxa de passagem ruminal e tempo médio de retenção total no trato gastrintestinal foram de 0,018 h-1 e 106,93 horas, respectivamente. A suplementação influenciou a concentração de amônia ruminal, que foi maior quando fornecidos os suplementos contendo farelo de soja (31,25 mg/dL e milho grão triturado (24,22 mg/dL. A suplementação não influenciou as digestibilidades aparente total, ruminal e intestinal de matéria seca, matéria orgânica, carboidratos totais, fibra em detergente neutro e carboidratos não-fibrosos, mas afetou a digestibilidade aparente da proteína bruta, que foi maior no animal que recebeu o suplemento com farelo de soja. Os suplementos com mistura mineral, ureia, milho grão triturado e farelo de soja promovem maiores excreções de N-ureia e maior eficiência microbiana.The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of self-control supplements on nutritional parameters of steers grazing Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. during the rainy-dry season transitional period. Four crossbred steers fistulated in rumen, abomasum and esophagus were used

  20. Protein sources in suplements to bovines on pastur in the dry and transition between the dry and the rainy periods Fontes de proteína em suplementos para bovinos em pastejo nos períodos da seca e de transição seca-águas

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    Marina Oliveira Martins

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Supplements with different protein sources were evaluated during the dry season and between the dry and the rainy seasons. We used 20 animals, with 220 kg average body weight and 10 months old age, in five paddocks (2 ha, in a completely randomized design, with five treatments and four replicates. The supplements with 38% of crude protein (CP in the dry matter (DM basis were supplied daily at 0.5% of their weight. The treatments employed were supplements based on: soybean meal /wheat meal (SMWM, wheat meal/urea (WMUR, cottonseed meal 38% of CP (CM38, cottonseed meal 28% of CP/urea (CMU28, wheat meal, cottonseed meal 38% of CP/urea (WCMU, and mineral salt was present in all the supplements. The treatment CM38 allowed superior animal performance compared with the treatments SMWM, WMUR and CM28; the treatment WCMU was superior to the treatments WMUR and CM28. We also used five Holstein-zebu steers, 10 months old and initial weight of 170 kg, fistulated in the esophagus and rumen. These animals were grazing in five paddocks (0.3 ha each in a completely randomized design. The intake of neutral detergent fiber (NDF was superior in treatments of WMU and CM28 in relation to CM38 and WCMU; and the digestibility of DM obtained in SMWM and WMUR treatments were superior to those of CM38, CM28, and WCMU, and the digestibility of CP’s WMU was superior to those of CM38 and CM28.Suplementos múltiplos com diferentes fontes de proteína foram fornecidos a bovinos, na seca e transição seca/águas, com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho. Foram utilizados 20 animais com peso vivo (PV médio de 220 kg e idade aproximada de 10 meses, em cinco piquetes de dois hectares cada, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, cinco tratamentos e quatro repetições. O fornecimento dos suplementos, que tinham aproximadamente 38 % de proteína bruta (PB na matéria seca (MS, foi diário, em nível de 0,5 % do PV. Os tratamentos foram constituídos de suplemento à base de

  1. Produção de leite de vacas mestiças Holandês ´ Zebu em pastagem de capim-elefante, com e sem suplementação de concentrado durante a época das chuvas Milk yield of crossbred Holstein ´ Zebu cows supplemented or not with concentrate during the rainy season

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    F. Deresz

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do experimento foi estudar o efeito da suplementação da pastagem de capim-elefante com concentrado na época das chuvas e início da seca, entre dezembro e junho, sobre a produção e composição do leite e ganho de peso de vacas mestiças Holandês ´ Zebu. Os tratamentos foram pastagem de capim-elefante sem concentrado (SC e com 2,0kg de concentrado/vaca/dia (CC. A área experimental de pastagem foi dividida em 44 piquetes de 606m² cada um, 22 por tratamento, com duas repetições de área. Foram usadas 12 vacas, sendo seis por tratamento. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso. A pastagem foi manejada em pastejo rotativo com três dias de ocupação por piquete e 30 dias de descanso. A taxa de lotação foi de 4,5 vacas/ha. A pastagem foi adubada com 200kg/ha/ano de N e de K2O. As produções médias de leite corrigido para 4% de gordura foram de 11,6± 0,3 e 12,5± 0,3kg/vaca/dia e o ganho médio diário por vaca de 211 e 244g, para os tratamentos SC e CC, respectivamente. Houve diferença (PThis work aimed to study the effect of concentrate supplementation of elephantgrass pasture during the rainy season and at the beginning of the dry season, on milk yield, milk composition and weight gain of crossbred Holstein ´ Zebu cows. The treatments were: elephantgrass pasture with no concentrate supplementation (NC and with 2kg concentrate supplementation cow/day (WC. The experimental area was divided in 44 paddocks with 606m² each, corresponding to 22 paddocks per replication and six cows per treatment. The cows were alloted to the treatments according to a completely randomized block design. The pasture was managed in a rotational system with 30 days resting period and three days grazing per paddock. The stocking rate was 4.5 cows/ha. The pasture was fertilized with 200kg/ha/yr of N and K2O. The average fat corrected (4% milk yield was 11.6± 0.3 and 12.5± 0.3kg/cow/day and the average daily weight gain during the

  2. "Taevaredel" sündis Billite talus / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Billite talust, kus läti kirjanik ja luuletaja Edvards Virza (1883-1940) kirjutas romaani "Taevaredel" ("Straumeni"). Tõlk, kirjanik ja diplomaat Anna Zhigure oma vanaisa E. Virza kirjutatud romaani tähendusest lätlastele ja Billite talust, kus praegu elab A. Zhigure vend. 4 värv. ill

  3. Avalikustamiskohustuse rikkumine Eesti väärtpaberituruõiguses : tsiviilõiguslikud kaitsevahendid / Meelis Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Meelis, 1981-

    2003-01-01

    Väärtpaberite avalikustamiskohustusest, tehingu tühistamisest, kahju hüvitamisest, väärtpaberite müügist, kahju hüvitamisest rikkumiste korral ja tehingu tühistamisest väärtpaberite järelturul

  4. Valge loss Pedja kaldal : [Puurmani loss] / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2010-01-01

    Puurmani lossi restaureerimine hakkab lõpule jõudma. Maja avamispidu on novembris 2010. Restaureerimiskontseptsiooni ja põhiprojekti koostas Anu Kulbach, ehitaja AS Tevo, restaureerijad OÜ Vana Tallinn, Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool, esimese korruse sisekujundus AS Restor, autor Reet Saluvere

  5. Marju Kõivupuu: "Mis ühel maal on alternatiivne, on teisel maal klassikaline" / intervjueerinud Meelis Piller

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    Kõivupuu, Marju, 1960-

    2013-01-01

    Intervjuu folkloristi, Tallinna Ülikooli vanemteaduri Marju Kõivupuuga, kes uurib eesti rahvapärimust ning on valitud tänavuse kultuuripärandi aasta saadikuks. Ka tema raamatust "Igal hädal oma arst, igal tõvel ise tohter"

  6. Töötuskindlustus annab tööturul paindlikult turvatunde / Meelis Paavel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavel, Meelis, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narvskaja Gazeta : Töötukassa 27. märts lk. 1, Den za Dnjom : Töötukassa 28. märts lk. 1. Töötukassa viie järgmise aasta arengukavast, töötuskindlustushüvitise määradest ja statistikast. Vt. samas: Töötukassa tulud ja kulud. Lisad: Töötuskindlustuse tulud ja kulud; Töötuskindlustushüvitis

  7. Roosa häärber pargi varjus / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2007-01-01

    Luua mõisa ajaloost omanikest (viimased härrad von Oettingenid), häärberist (keskosa: 1730) ja Luua Metsanduskoolist. Häärberi viimane renoveerimine lõppes 1999. a. Projekti tegid M. Kinks ja M. Mutso, sisekujunduse lahenduse T. Pärna. Enamiku töid teostas AS Facio, uksed restaureeris ennistuskoda Kuukaar. 1890-ndail ehitatud puitpitsiga šveitsi maja (arhitekt Rudolf Engelhardt, puutöömeister Albert Moora) ja osa pargist, mille pärast vabadussõda sai Udumäe talu, päris Madis Jürima. Ill.: 9 värv. vaadet. Artikli juures on foto president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesest, kes uurib muuseumi toas Luua mõisnike Oettingenide sugupuud. Vabariigi President Jõgeva- ja Tartumaal 15.-16.02.2007

  8. Kinnisvarahindade tõusu mõju inflatsioonile ja elukallidusele Eestis / Meelis Angerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Angerma, Meelis

    2005-01-01

    Tarbijahinna- ja elukallidusindeksi erinevusest, omanikurendi arvessevõtmise võimalustest elukalliduse hindamisel, varade hinnamuutuse arvessevõtmise vajalikkusest rahapoliitikas, buumi võimalikkusest Eesti kinnisvaraturul. Tabelid

  9. Energiavolinik : Eestis on rohkelt potentsiaali taastuvenergia vallas / Andris Piebalgs ; interv. Meeli Viilukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piebalgs, Andris, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni energeetikavoliniku arvates on Eestil potentsiaali jõuda 2020. aastaks 20% taastuvenergia osakaaluni toodetavast energiast. Põlevkivi edasisest kasutamisest. Lisa: 3 mõtet. Vt. samas: Eesti Energia hakkab põlevkivituhaga CO₂ püüdma

  10. Eesti Vabariigi aukonsul Baden-Württembergis korraldas vastuvõtu / Meeli Bagger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bagger, Meeli, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    6. juunil 2005 Audi-Forumis. Helmut Aurenz, ettevõtja ja aukonsul tutvustas Eestit, liidumaa peaminister Günther Oettinger rõhutas väikeriikide tähendust Euroopa Ühenduses, esinesid Clyde Kull ja Raivo Palmaru, klaveril musitseeris Kalle Randalu

  11. Carl Milles jättis Rootsile skulptuuriaia / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Rootsi skulptorist Carl Millesest (1875-1955), tema abikaasast Olga Millesest (sünd. Granner, 1874-1967), Millesgardenist Lidingö saarel, kus saab vaadata Carl Millese loomingut koopiate või originaalidena, ateljees kavandeid, antiik- ja kaasaegse kunsti kogu, õe Ruth Millese töid, Olga Millese maale ja joonistusi. Carl ja Olga Millese maja ja ateljee ehitati 1908. a. arhitekt Carl M. Bengtsoni projekti järgi

  12. Saku Suurhall Rocca Al Mares / Esa Viitanen, Andres Kariste, Meeli Truu...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    5 joon.: asendiplaan, I, II korruse plaan, vaade läänest, transformeeritav saal ; 5 fotot, värv.: 2 välisvaadet, 3 sisevaadet ; peaprojekteerija, detailplaneering: Nord Projekt AS ; arhitektid E. Viitanen, A. Kariste, kaastöö: M. Truu, L. Raudsepp ; sisekujundus: ARS Interjöörprojekt

  13. Täna läheb käima suveteatrimaraton / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti teatrite suvelavastustest - "Väike õuduste pood", "Save Our Souls", Meil aiaäärne tänavas", "Surm ooperis", "Aristokraadid", "Huck", "Leonce ja Lena" ja "Armastajad kurja tähe all".Lisatud suveteatri lavastajate - Merle Karusoo, Evald Hermaküla, Ain Prosa ja Georg Malviuse - saatesõnad oma lavastustele. Samuti lisatud suvelavastuste kava

  14. President Arnold Rüütel siirdas Kalevipojale südame / Meelis Lainvoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lainvoo, Meelis

    2003-01-01

    Rakvere Teatri suvelavastuse "Kalevipoeg" viimasel etendusel osalesid Arnold ja Ingrid Rüütel ning poliitikud Tõnis Palts, Tõnis Lukas, Arvo Haug ja Tõnu Kõiv. President Arnold Rüütel pani Neerutis Sadulamäel Kalevipoja kujule viimase kivi. Skulptuuri autori Seaküla Simsoni kommentaar

  15. Merevägi vajab üha enam kõrgharitud ohvitsere / Meelis Kants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kants, Meelis

    2011-01-01

    Alates 2011. a. on võimalik õppida Mereväe, Eesti Mereakadeemia ja Kaitseväe Ühendatud Õppeasutuste (KVÜÕA) koostööna rakendatava õppekava "Sõjaline juhtimine mereväes" alusel mereväe põhikursustel. Faktid, kandidaatidele esitatavad nõuded, sisseastumiskatsed

  16. Raamat sünnib kuulata / Meelis Mihkla, Indrek Hein, Andrus Hiiepuu ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Tekstide helindamissüsteemidest: Eesti Keele Instituudis loodud tekstide helindaja Vox Populi, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu digitaalarhiivi DIGAR helindamisliides, Elisa Raamatu rakendus Iselugeja. Tekstitöötlus- ja hääldusprobleemidest ning tekstiliigenduse esiletoomisest sünteeskõnes

  17. Tulumaksumäära langetamine on kõigi huvides / Meelis Atonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Atonen, Meelis, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Valgamaalane, 10. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 13. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Koit, 13. nov. 2001, lk. 6; Võrumaa Teataja, 13. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 15. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 15. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 17. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 20. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 20. nov. 2001, lk. 4; Sakala, 21. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Nädaline, 24. nov. 2001, lk. 4. Tulumaksumäära langetamine on majanduskliima säilitamiseks hädavajalik. Autor: Reformierakond. Parlamendisaadik

  18. Unest äratatud Alatskivi loss / Meeli Müüripeal, Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Alatskivi lossist (Arved von Nolcken, 1880-1885), lossi restaureerimise käigust ja seisust. Korras on viis esindusruumi. Sisekujunduse autorid: Olev Suuder, Oleg Mellov, ARC Projekt. SA Alatskivi Loss plaanidest. Kommenteerivad sihtasutuse juhataja Külli Must, lossi taastamise eestvedajad restauraator Raivo Nisu ja senine vallavanem Maie Nisu, kes kaitses 2004. a. EKA-s magistritöö "Alatskivi mõisaansambli revitaliseerimise ideeprojekt". 14 ill

  19. Eesti laste lugemisoskus ja seda mõjutavad tegurid : IEA rahvusvaheline lugemisuurimus 1994 / Meeli Pandis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pandis, Meeli

    1997-01-01

    Lühiülevaade IEA (The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievment; Rahvusvaheline Haridustulemuste Hindamise Assotsiatsioon) 1994. a rahvusvahelisest lugemisuurimusest ning Eesti õpilaste tulemustest teiste riikide taustal. Lühidalt kirjaoskuse olemusest

  20. Millisest kontekstist pärineb Tallinna Linnaarhiivi käsikiri Cm3? / Meelis Friedenthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Friedenthal, Meelis, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Käsikirja varasemast uurimisest. Cm3 lühikirjeldus. Cm3 dateerimisvõimalustest. Kopeeritud on tekstid tõenäoliselt 14. sajandi lõpus 15. sajandi alguses ja pärinevad Kesk-Euroopast või Skandinaaviast. Cm3 ja Cm4 võrdlus. Mõlemaid raamatuid kasutasid tõenäoliselt Tallinna dominiiklased

  1. Harmooniat otsiv hiina aed / Jaan Mettik, Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mettik, Jaan

    2005-01-01

    Hiina aiakunstist: lühidalt ajaloost, aiatüüpidest, maastikumaalist, lahutamatult seotud kividest ja veest, aiaehitistest, surematute saarest jm. Hiina aedadest mujal: "Tagasivõidetud Kuu" aiast (2000) Berliinis, aiast "Kolm Sõpra Talvel" (1993) Zürichis, "Virguvate Orhideede" aiast USAs Portlandis. 9 värv. ill

  2. Kuue kuninganna aiad : [Hampton Courti 20. lillenäitusel] / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2009-01-01

    Hampton Courti 2009. a. lillenäituse tegid eriliseks ajalootõlgendused aiakujunduses, mida aiakunstnikud väljendasid oma töödes ilutaimede ja kujundusvõtete abil. Eksponeeritud olid Inglise kuninga Henry VIII kuuele naisele pühendatud aiad. Tänavu pühitseti 500 aasta möödumist Henry VIII troonile asumisest

  3. Ära kosi Pikka: Pikk läheb pingile magama / Meelis Oidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidsalu, Meelis, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    Kevadel lavakunstikooli lõpetavate tudengite lavastusest "Pikk pink" , mis koosneb kuuest lühiloost - Mait Jooritsa "Kantani padi", Kristjan Üksküla "Jääger" ja "Albioni tütar", Roland Laosi "Genees ja katastroof", Hendrik Toompere jun. "Karupoeg Puhh" ja Kerttu Moppeli " Leib!". Esietendus 23. nov. Hobuveskis

  4. Linnateatri triumf : Draama 99 külalised hindasid eesti teatri laadirikkaks / Meelis Kapstas, Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Teatrifestivali Draama 99 preemiad : lavastajapreemiad: Elmo Nüganen ("Kuritöö ja karistus"), Priit Pedajas ("Mao tee kalju peal"), naisnäitleja preemiad : Merle Jääger ("Omavahelisi jutuajamisi tädi Elliga"), Anne Reeman ("Kolmekrossiooper"), meesnäitleja preemia : Indrek Sammul ("Kuritöö ja karistus"),kõrvalosatäitja preemiad : Anu Lamp(" Kolmekrossiooper " ja "Kuritöö ja karistus"), Peeter Tammearu ("Kolmekrossiooper", "Kuritöö ja karistus"), kunstnikupreemia : Vladimir Anshon ("Kolmekrossiooper"), žürii eripreemiad : Merle Karusoo ("Küüdipoisid"), Rein Agur ("Cymbeline")

  5. Ghanas Kongo külas. Viiekesi ja vabatahtlikult / Meeli Parijõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parijõgi, Meeli

    2013-01-01

    Reisist Põhja-Ghanas asuvasse Kongo külla koos Johanna Helinaga arengukoostöö ja maailmahariduse organisatsioonist Mondo, füüsikaõpetaja Mart Kuurme ja dokfilmide tegija Vahur Laiapeaga. Inglise keele õpetaja Anu Joon töötab seal vabatahtlikuna juba septembrist

  6. Reaalse vahetuskursi hälbe mõjud Eestis / Meelis Angerma, Mart Sõrg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Angerma, Meelis

    2003-01-01

    Eesti reaalse vahetuskursi uuring näitas, et reaalne tasakaaluline vahetuskurss on oluliselt tõusnud. See vastab teoreetilistele ootustele, et majanduskasvuga kaasneb reaalkursi kallinemine. Tabelid. Graafikud

  7. Kutseharidus Eestis - muutused ja arengutendentsid = Vocational education in Estonia - changes and trends / Meelis Aunap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunap, Meelis

    2007-01-01

    Eesti kutseharidussüsteemi kujundamise põhimõtted. Kutsehariduse seadusandlus, põhjalikumad ümberkorraldused, finantseerimine. Diagrammid: Kutsehariduse osatähtsus hariduskuludes, 1995-2004; Avaliku sektori hariduskulude jaotus, 1995-2004

  8. Nõukogude anneksioon 1940. aasta Eesti ajakirjanduse kõverpeeglis / Meelis Saueauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saueauk, Meelis, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Artikkel keskendub Nõukogude anneksiooni esimesele faasile, trükiväljaannete ülevõtmisega kaasnenud muutustele, sellele, kuidas ja kes manipuleerisid Eesti massikommunikatsioonivahenditega. Juunisündmustest Leedus ja Lätis. Vaikivast ajastust pärit traditsioonid kergendasid ajakirjanduse ümberkujundamist. Eesti valitsus oli enda kujundatud rahustamispoliitika kammitsais

  9. Gwyneth Paltrow jätkab eesti teatri suunda / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Mängufilm "Armunud Shakespeare" ("Shakespeare in Love") : režissöör John Madden : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 1998 sai 7 Oscarit, ühtlasi viies mõttele, et Eesti viimaste aastate Shakespeare'i lavastused ja näitlejannad K.Lauk ja R.Olmaru on oma aja suundumusi täpselt tabanud

  10. Political economy of internet : penetration in Finland and Sweden (1995-2001) / Meelis Kitsing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kitsing, Meelis

    2002-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumisaeg 2001/2002. Vaba turumajanduse lipulaeva Ameerika Ühendriikide kõrval on samavõrd hästi arenenud infomajandus Põhjamaades. Soome ja Rootsi majandusmudeli puhul on riigi poliitika ülesanne toetada kohanemist muutuvate majandusoludega

  11. Political economy of internet : penetration in Finland and Sweden (1995-2001) / Meelis Kitsing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kitsing, Meelis

    2001-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumisaeg Winter 2001/2002. Vaba turumajanduse lipulaeva Ameerika Ühendriikide kõrval on samavõrd hästi arenenud infomajandus Põhjamaades. Soome ja Rootsi majandusmudeli puhul on riigi poliitika ülesanne toetada kohanemist muutuvate majandusoludega

  12. Níveis de uréia em suplementos múltiplos para terminação de novilhos em pastagem de capim-braquiária durante o período de transição águas-seca Urea levels in multiple supplements for finishing beef cattle on palisade grass pasture during the rainy to dry transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maykel Franklin Lima Sales

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se os efeitos de suplementos múltiplos com diferentes níveis de uréia sobre o desempenho produtivo e os parâmetros nutricionais de bovinos em fase de terminação mantidos em pastagem diferida de capim-braquiária (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu no período de transição águas-seca. A disponibilidade estimada de matéria seca das pastagens variou de 16.360 a 9.358 kg/ha. Para avaliação do desempenho produtivo, utilizaram-se 20 novilhos mestiços não-castrados, com 20 meses de idade e 376 kg de peso vivo. Os animais foram agrupados em lotes com pesos semelhantes, segundo um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em quatro piquetes de 1,5 ha, onde receberam 1,5 kg/dia de suplemento isoprotéico (20% de PB, constituído de grãos de milho e soja moídos, mistura mineral e uréia nos níveis 0,0; 1,6; 3,2 ou 4,8% na matéria natural. O ganho médio diário - valor médio foi de 0,570 kg/dia - não foi influenciado pelos níveis de uréia do suplemento. Os parâmetros nutricionais foram avaliados utilizando-se quatro animais mestiços Holandês × Zebu, não-castrados, com peso médio inicial de 320 kg, fistulados no esôfago, rúmen e abomaso. Os animais receberam as mesmas quantidades de suplemento fornecidas aos animais do experimento de desempenho. Os níveis de uréia não afetaram significativamente o pH e a concentração de amônia ruminal. Para obtenção de ganhos de 0,5 a 0,6 kg/dia, pode-se utilizar apenas milho, uréia e mistura mineral em suplementos múltiplos para terminação de bovinos em pasto diferido.The effects of multiple supplements with different urea levels on the productive performance and nutritional characteristics, for finishing beef cattle kept in deferred pasture of palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu in the transition period of rainy to dry season were evaluated. The estimated dry matter availability of the pasture ranged from 16,360 to 9,358 kg/ha. In the performance trial, 20

  13. Níveis de energia em suplementos múltiplos para terminação de novilhos em pastagem de capim-braquiária no período de transição águas-seca Energy levels in multiple supplements for finishing beef cattle grazing palisade grass pasture during the rainy to dry transition season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maykel Franklin Lima Sales

    2008-04-01

    finishing beef cattle grazing palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu, during the rainy to dry transition season. For the performance evaluation, 24 crossbred bulls, 18 month old and 330 kg of initial body weight (BW, were distributed to a completely randomized design, in four paddocks of 1.5 ha each. Four treatments were evaluated: mineral mix (MM and corn and whole soybean grain based supplements offered in three levels: 1.0; 1.5 and 2.0 kg/d, allowing TDN intake of, respectively, 0.832; 1.163 and 1.496 kg/d. There was a positive linear effect of the energy levels on the average daily gain and on the final body weight. The nutritional parameters were assessed in four crossbred bulls , with average initial 300 kg BW, fitted with esophageal, ruminal and abomasal cannula, and fed similar diets of those animals used in the performance. There was no ffect of supplementation on dry matter intake (DMI, although it was observed a linear reduction in forage intake. The intakes organic matter from pasture, of the NDF from the total diet and of the pasture was negative linearly affected by the energy levels. There were not observed effects of supplementation levels on the total apparent digestibility of the nutrients, except for CP, which showed a quadratic effect by the level of supplementation. Additional weight gain, ranging from 20 to 30%, can be obtained in beef cattle supplemented with increasing amounts of energy during the finishing phase; however, those gains depend of the substitution of forage intake by the supplement.

  14. Consumo e dinâmica ruminal da fibra em detergente neutro em bovinos em pastejo no período das águas recebendo suplementação com nitrogênio não-proteico e/ou proteína verdadeira Intake and rumen dynamics of neutral detergent fiber in grazing cattle supplemented with non-protein nitrogen and, or true protein during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Aparecida Carli Costa

    2011-12-01

    during rainy season. Five crossbred Holstein × Zebu steers, averaging 335±35 kg of body weight and fitted with rumen and abomasum canullaes were used. The treatments were: control (only pasture, and supplements based on urea, 2/3 of nitrogenous compounds from urea and 1/3 of nitrogenous compounds from albumin, 1/3 of nitrogenous compounds from urea and 2/3 of nitrogenous compounds from albumin, and albumin. Two hundred grams/d of crude protein (CP were supplied from supplements. The experiment was carried out according to a 5 × 5 Latin square design, with five 15-day experimental periods. There were no effects of supplementation on voluntary intake, except for CP intake, which was increased by supplementation. The replacement of urea by albumin in the supplements caused linear effect on the CP intake. The intakes of the other diet components were not affected by the supplement composition. There was no effect on ruminal rate of passage of fibrous compounds. Supplementation increased the estimates of common rate of lag and degradation of NDF. However, no effect of supplement composition alteration was observed on this parameter. Supplementation of cattle with rumen degradable (protein or non-protein nitrogenous compounds for grazing cattle during rainy season does not affect voluntary intake of pasture.

  15. Níveis de proteína em suplementos para terminação de bovinos em pastejo durante o período de transição seca/águas: consumo voluntário e trânsito de partículas Effects of feeding different protein levels of supplements to finishing cattle in pasture during the dry to rainy transition season on voluntary intake and passage of particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edenio Detmann

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se o consumo e os parâmetros da cinética de trânsito de partículas em bovinos suplementados durante a fase de transição entre os períodos seco e chuvoso. Foram utilizados cinco novilhos Holandês x Zebu com idade e peso médios iniciais de 24 meses e 304 kg, respectivamente, manejados em cinco piquetes de Brachiaria decumbens (0,34 ha. Foram fornecidos suplementos (4 kg/animal/dia, constituídos por fubá de milho, grão de soja integral, uréia, sulfato de amônia e mistura mineral, formulados para apresentarem níveis de 12, 16, 20 e 24% de proteína bruta (PB, com base na matéria natural. O experimento foi conduzido em quatro períodos experimentais de 21 dias e analisado por delineamento em quadrado latino 4 x 4. O quinto animal, mantido sem suplementação (controle, foi utilizado como medida de comparação descritiva. A forragem selecionada pelos animais apresentou teores médios de PB e fibra em detergente neutro (FDN de 109,9 e 564,4 g/kg de matéria seca (MS, respectivamente. A variação do nível de PB dos suplementos não alterou os consumos de MS, de matéria orgânica e de FDN. O fornecimento de suplementos reduziu o consumo de pastagem e ampliou o consumo de MS total em relação ao controle, com coeficiente médio de substituição de 0,41. O nível de PB dos suplementos não afetou a taxa de passagem ruminal das partículas, cujo valor médio (0,034 h-1, foi superior ao observado no controle (0,029 h-1.The objective of this trial was to evaluate the voluntary intake and ruminal passage of particles in supplemented finishing cattle during the drought to rainy transition season. Five Holstein x Zebu steers averaging 304 kg of live weight and 24 months of age located in five paddocks (0.34 ha each of Brachiaria decumbens were used in this trial. The supplements fed (4 kg/animal/day contained ground corn, whole soybean, urea, ammonium sulfate, and minerals and were formulated to yield, on as-fed basis, 12, 16, 20

  16. 2008. aastal keskenduti e-teenuste arendamisele : [2008. aasta rahvaraamatukogudes keskraamatukogude aruannete põhjal, tulevikuplaanides] / Meeli Veskus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veskus, Meeli, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Sisaldab ka: Raamatukogude kasutamine, lugejad ja kogud / Margit Jõgi. Lisa: Lugejateenindus ja kogud üldkasutatavates rahvaraamatukogudes 2008 : [joonised] / Margit Jõgi. Milline oli olukord rahvaraamatukogudes 2009. aasta algul? / Ene Riet.

  17. Lossi kõrval loss, kõigil ümber park / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Barokkstiilis Fredensborgi lossist ja pargist (1719, autor J. C. Krieger, parki arendas 1760-ndatel edasi N.-H. Jardin, talupojakujud tegi J. G. Grund) Själlandi saarel, renessanss-stiilis Frederiksborgi lossist (1500-1600) ja pargist (barokkstiilis osa rekonstrueeriti 1996. aastaks J. C. Kriegeri 1725. a. tehtud plaani järgi) Hillerodis ning Egeskovi lossist (1554) ja pargist (bambuslabürint, 1990, kunstnik Piet Hein) Fyni saarel. "Maakodu" lugejareis. 14 värv. ill

  18. Tornimäe kaksiktornid Tallinnas. Konkursi "Aasta betoonehitis 2007" nominent / Meeli Truu, Juhan Idnurm, Jaan Port...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    AS Nord Projekt; konstruktorid: Juhan Idnurm, Jaan Port, Kaido Kuusiku (Nord Projekt AS), Indrek Heinloo (E-Inseneribüroo OÜ), Matis Teeäär (Neoprojekt OÜ), Kaido Pärl (TAA-Konsult); ehitajad: Lemminkäinen Eesti AS, AS Merko Ehitus; betooni ja betoonelementide tarnijad: AS Rudus Eesti, AS Betoneks

  19. Lapsed väärivad head teatrit, mitte haltuurapalagani / Toomas Tross, Hiie Fluss ; intervjueerinud Meeli Parijõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tross, Toomas, 1966-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinnas Vaba Lava teatrimajas toimub 28.-30. oktoobrini festival „Teater noorele vaatajale”. ASSITEJ (Association Internationale du Theatre pour l'Enfance et la Jeunesse) Eesti keskuse juhatuse esimees Toomas Tross ja juhatuse liige Hiie Fluss arutlevad lastele suunatud teatri kvaliteedi üle

  20. Hiina äri eripärad eestlase pilgu läbi / Meelis Koik ; intervjueerinud Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koik, Meelis

    2010-01-01

    Hiina ettevõtetega koostööd tegeva AS-i Fors MW juht räägib Hiina ettevõtluse eripäradest ja Eesti võimalustest Hiina turul. Ta leiab, et jüaani kurss ongi kõige suurem oht Hiinast kauba toomise kasulikkusele, praegu ei saa Hiina jüaani dollarist vabaks lasta, kuna see samm toob endaga kaasa ekspordi hääbumise

  1. ÜRO säästva arengu eesmärgid aastaks 2030 / Meelis Joost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joost, Meelis

    2016-01-01

    ÜRO liikmesriikide juhid leppisid 25.‒27. septembril 2015 New Yorgis kokku säästva arengu eesmärkides, mis tuleb saavutada 2030. aastaks. Säästva arengu eesmärgid on kaudselt seotud ka puuetega inimestega. Eesti Puuetega Inimeste Koda huvitab, kuivõrd ligipääsetavus, puuetega inimeste elukvaliteet, kasvav kaasatus ühiskonda ning puuetega inimestele osutatavate sotsiaalteenuste kvaliteet leiab kajastamist säästva arengu tegevuskava elluviimises

  2. Tööandja saab võidelda töövägivalla vastu / Meeli Miidla-Vanatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Miidla-Vanatalu, Meeli

    2011-01-01

    Töövägivallast ja seda reguleerivatest õigusaktidest. Nõuanded tööandjale Euroopa Tööohutuse ja Töötervishoiu Agentuuri aruandest "Vägivald ja ahistamine töökohal: olukord Euroopas", Aruanne on kättesaadav EU-OSHA kodulehel

  3. Ilona Gurjanova: Pooldan mõtteviisi learning by doing / Ilona Gurjanova ; intervjueerinud Kirke Kuld ; kommenteerinud Meelis Joost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gurjanova, Ilona, 1958-

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Design Management OÜ disaineri ja juhataja, Eesti Disainerite Liidu esimehe, Eesti Disaini Maja endise juhi ja Disainiöö peakorraldaja Ilona Gurjanovaga universaalsest disainist ja selle näidetest

  4. Studies on image quality, high contrast resolution and dose for the axial skeleton and limbs with a new, dedicated CT system (ISO-C-3D); Untersuchungen zur Bildqualitaet, Hochkontrastaufloesung und Dosis am Stamm- und Gliedmassenskelett mit einem neuen dedizierten CT-System (ISO-C-3D)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rock, C.; Kotsianos, D.; Linsenmaier, U. [Klinikum der Universitaet Muenchen, Muenchen (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Fischer, T. [Klinikum der Universitaet Muenchen, Muenchen (DE). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie] (and others)

    2002-02-01

    Purpose: Evaluation of 3D-CT imaging of the axial skeleton and different joints of the lower and upper extremities with a new dedicated CT system (ISO-C-3D) based on a mobile isocentric C-arm image amplifier. Material and Methods: 27 cadaveric specimes of different joints of the lower and upper extremities and of the spinal column were examined with 3D-CT imaging (ISO-C-3d). All images were evaluated by 3 radiologists for image quality using a semiquantitative score (score value 1: poor quality; score value 4: excellent quality). In addition, dose measurements and measurements of high contrast resolution were performed in comparison to conventional and low-dose spiral CT using a high contrast phantom (Catphan, Phantom Laboratories). Results: Adequate image quality (mean score values 3-4) could be achieved with an applied dose comparable to low-dose CT in smaller joints such as wrist, elbow, ankle and knee. A remarkably inferior image quality resulted in imaging of the hip, lumbar and thoracic spine (mean score values 2-3) in spite of almost doubling the dose (dose increased by 85 percent). The image quality of shoulder examinations was insufficient (mean score value 1). Phantom studies showed a high-contrast resolution comparable to helical CT in the xy-axis (9 lp/cm). Conclusion: Preliminary results show, that image quality of C-arm-based CT-imaging (ISO-C-3D) seems to be adequate in smaller joints. ISO-C-3D images of the hip and axial skeleton show a decreased image quality, which does not seem to be sufficient for diagnosing subtle fractures. (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Evaluierung der 3D-CT-Bildgebung mit einem C-Bogen-basierten dedizierten CT-System (ISO-C-3D, Fa. Siemens) an Extremitaetengelenken und am Stammskelett. Methodik: 27 humane Leichenpraeparate der unteren und oberen Extremitaet sowie des Stammskeletts wurden am ISO-C-3D untersucht und die Bilddaten anhand eines Bildqualitaetsscores von 3 Untersuchern semiquantitativ evaluiert (Score 1: nicht verwertbare Bildqualitaet; Score 4: hervorragende Bildqualitaet). Zusaetzlich erfolgten Dosismessungen und Hochkontraststudien an einem adaptierten Hochkontrastphantom (Catphan, Phantom Laboratories) im Vergleich zur Niedrigdosis- und Standarddosis-CT. Ergebinsse: Die Untersuchungen kleinerer Gelenke wie Hand-, Sprung-, Ellbogen- und Kniegelenk lieferten eine diagnostische Bildqualitaet (Scoremittelwerte 3-4) bei einer applizierten Dosis im Bereich der einer Niedrigdosis-CT. Dagegen war die Bildqualitaet der Hueftgelenks- und Wirbelsaeulenuntersuchungen trotz Dosiserhoehung um 85% eingeschraenkt (Scorewerte 2-3) und die der Schultergelenksuntersuchungen von schlechter Qualitaet (Score 1). Die Bilddaten der Hochkontraststudien zeigten in der xy-Achse eine der CT vergleichbare Hochkontrastaufloesung (9 LP/cm). Schlussfolgerung: Die vorlaeufigen Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Bildqualitaet der ISO-C-3D-Untersuchungen von peripheren Gelenken von diagnostischer Qualitaet ist. Am Hueftgelenk und am Stammskelett ist die Bildqualitaet nicht adaequat und erscheint bisher nicht ausreichend zur Frakturdiagnostik. (orig.)

  5. Influência da irrigação, nas épocas seca e chuvosa, na produção e composição química dos capins napier e mombaça em sistema de lotação intermitente Influence of irrigation upon biomass production and chemical composition of Napier grass and Mombaça grass under rotational grazing during the dry and rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enilson Geraldo Ribeiro

    2009-08-01

    pocas.The research was carried out aiming to evaluate the influence of irrigation on total dry matter (TDMA and green dry matter availability (GDMA and on residual dry matter (RDM, forage height, forage density (FD, leaf percentage and chemical composition of leaf blades of the Napier grass and Mombaça grass. The treatments were the combinations of the two grasses and two irrigation levels (presence and absence. The irrigation supplied the previous ten-year mean evapotranspiration (ET0. It was adopted the rotational grazing, with grazing period of four days, rest period of 32 days and variable stocking, with grazing pressure of four kg of leaf dry matter per 100 kg live weight. Irrigated forages, in relation to non irrigated, and Napier grass, in relation to Mombaçagrass, showed higher TDMA, GDMA and RDM in both seasons of the year. Mombaça grass showed higher response to irrigation in TDMA and GDMA than Napier grass. During the dry season, irrigation increased percent of leaves, forage height and forage density. Napier grass, irrigated or not, in both seasons, was taller, showed lower proportion of leaves, but did not differ from Mombaça grass with respect to density. During the rainy season, irrigated forages were taller, but did not differ from the non irrigated ones regarding to percent of leaves and density. Irrigation had no influence on organic matter (OM, crude protein (CP and neutral detergent fiber (NDF content of forages. Napier grass, irrigated or not, had higher CP and lower OM and NDF than Mombaça grass, in both seasons.

  6. Rainy Periods and Bottom Water Stagnation Initiating Brine Accumulation and Metal Concentrations: 1. The Late Quaternary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossignol-Strick, Martine

    1987-06-01

    A working hypothesis is proposed to account for the present accumulation of brines in isolated pockets of the ocean floor and for the formation of the underlying organic and metal-rich sediments. These are the Tyro and Bannock basins in the East Mediterranean, the Red Sea Deeps, and the Orca Basin in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Initiation of brine-derived deposition in the Red Sea Deeps and Orca Basin occurred between 12,000 and 8000 years B.P. This time bracket also encompasses the formation of the latest East Mediterranean sapropel and the wettest global climate since the last glacial maximum. This wet period first appeared in the tropics around 12,000 years B.P, then in the subtropical and middle latitudes. During the same period, the 23,000 year precession cycle brought the summer insolation of the northern hemisphere to its peak at 11,000 years B.P. with retreating northern hemisphere ice sheets. The Red Sea Deeps and the Orca Basin became anoxic during this humid period, and metal-rich sapropel deposition then began. In contrast, the Tyro and Bannock basins began accumulating a brine long before and persisted beyond this climatic stage. The hypothesis involves two propositions: (1) As in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, marine anoxia was mainly the consequence of the large influx of continental runoff and local precipitation. Longer residence time of bottom waters, so-called "stagnation," in silled rimmed basins would have resulted from lower salinity at the sea surface in areas of deep water formation in the Eastern Mediterranean, the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico and (2) Miocene or older evaporites underlie these basins or outcrop on their flanks. Leaching from these evaporites was an ongoing process before the quasi-stagnation phase, but the initial leachate, much less saline than the present brines, was continuously flushed by bottom circulation. The climate-induced quiescence of bottom waters in these basins enabled the leachate to accumulate. The feedback of stagnation by increased density progressively raised the salinity of entrapped bottom waters to the present brine concentration. The high density has resisted brine removal by bottom circulation until present time, long after cessation of the initiating wet period. The brines therefore are stagnant, fossil waters.

  7. Acute and chronic toxicity of sediment samples from Guanabara Bay (RJ during the rainy period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Alves Maranho

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Guanabara Bay is a marine-estuarine environment of high ecological and socio-economic importance, subject to a variety of environmental impacts. Sediment is the eventual repository for most substances introduced into water bodies and may, therefore, provide an integrated measure of the environmental quality, which can be assessed by many different approaches. In this project, the quality of sediments from Guanabara Bay was evaluated by the ecotoxicological approach: whole-sediment toxicity tests, using Tiburonella viscana, and porewater, elutriate and sediment-water interface chronic toxicity tests, using embryos of Lytechinus variegatus, were applied. Sediments were collected at 14 sampling stations, distributed across the bay. Chronic tests showed significant toxicity in most of the sediment samples. Sediments from stations 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12 and 15 showed acute toxicity as well. The results of the different tests were well correlated, and their integration showed that the sediments analyzed were considered unsuitable for aquatic life, resulting in the environmental degradation of Guanabara Bay. In this context, the control of pollution sources and multi-purpose management are required to improve the environmental quality.A Baía de Guanabara é um ambiente marinho-estuarino de grande relevância ecológica e sócio-econômica, e sujeita a uma ampla gama de impactos ambientais. O sedimento é o principal destino para a maioria das substâncias introduzidas nos corpos d'água, podendo fornecer uma medida integrada da qualidade ambiental, a qual pode ser avaliada por várias abordagens. Neste projeto, a qualidade de sedimentos da Baía de Guanabara foi por uma abordagem ecotoxicológica, por meio de testes de toxicidade aguda de sedimento integral, utilizando Tiburonella viscana, e testes de toxicidade crônica de água intersticial, elutriato e interface sedimento-água, utilizando embriões de Lytechinus variegatus. Os sedimentos foram coletados em 14 estações de amostragem. Nos testes crônicos houve efeitos significativos na maioria das amostras, enquanto os sedimentos coletados nas estações 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12 e 15 apresentaram também toxicidade aguda. Houve grande concordância entre os resultados dos diferentes testes, e sua integração mostrou que os sedimentos analisados encontram-se inadequados à vida aquática, indicando degradação ambiental na baía da Guanabara. Nesse contexto, o controle das fontes poluidoras e o gerenciamento dos múltiplos usos da baía devem ser implementados, no sentido da melhora da qualidade ambiental.

  8. Reduced herbivore pressure under rainy ENSO conditions could facilitate dryland reforestation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gutierrez, J.R.; Holmgren, M.; Manrique, R.; Squeo, F.A.

    2007-01-01

    Most semi-arid and arid regions around the world have lost a major part of their original vegetation. Restoration of once shrublands and woodlands is often challenged by low seedling establishment success due to water stress and herbivory. In some regions, increased rainfall during El Niño Southern

  9. Ingestive behavior of grazing heifers receiving crude glycerin supplementation during the dry-rainy season transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Visintin Silva de Almeida

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search to find food alternatives for corn and feeding alternatives that reduce the cost of production has been constant. The use of oleaginous grains to produce ethanol and biodiesel has produced an excess of byproducts, especially biodiesel which produces crude glycerin. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of including crude glycerin on the ingestive behavior of crossbred heifers supplemented with pasture. Thirty-six crossbred heifers with an initial mean weight of 301.5 ± 31 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with four treatments and nine replicates per treatment. The animals were kept in a Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich. Stapf 'Marandu' pasture in a rotational-grazing system. The treatments tested were 0.0%, 3.33%, 6.66%, and 9.99% crude glycerin included in total DM to replace corn (Tea mays L. Including crude glycerin reduced the time for grazing and eating at the trough and increased idle time. Rumination was quadratically influenced. Eating time (min kg-1 DM and neutral detergent fiber [NDF] was reduced, while rumination time (min kg-1 DM and NDF was quadratically affected by adding glycerin. The variables, time spent per ruminated bolus and the number of chews per day, were not affected. The number of boluses per day showed a quadratic effect. The number of grazing, idle, ruminating, and eating at the trough periods were not affected by including crude glycerin; means were 15.1, 24.9, and 13.3 and 3.71 periods d-1, respectively. Feed and rumination efficiency (kg h-1 DM and NDF increased when crude glycerin was included in the diet. Including crude glycerin promotes feed and rumination efficiency in grazing heifers.

  10. Elevation - LiDAR Survey - Rainy River, MN and Canada (Border Water)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — In November of 2006, Sanborn was contracted by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis District on behalf of the St. Paul District to execute a LIDAR (Light...

  11. Malaria-associated morbidity during the rainy season in Saharan and Sahelian zones in Mauritania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ould Ahmedou Salem, Mohamed Salem; Basco, Leonardo K; Ouldabdallahi, Mohamed; Mint Lekweiry, Khadijetou; Konaté, Lassana; Faye, Ousmane; Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary, Ali

    2015-12-01

    Reliable epidemiological data based on laboratory-confirmed cases are scarce in Mauritania. A large majority of reported malaria cases are based on presumptive clinical diagnosis. The present study was conducted to establish a reliable database on malaria morbidity among febrile paediatric and adult patients consulting spontaneously at public health facilities in Nouakchott, situated in the Saharan zone, and in Hodh Elgharbi region in the Sahelian zone in south-east Mauritania during the peak transmission periods. Giemsa-stained thin and thick films were examined under the microscope, and the parasite density was determined according to the procedures recommended by the World Health Organization. Microscopy results were confirmed by rapid diagnostic test for malaria. A total of 1161 febrile patients (498 in Nouakchott and 663 in Hodh Elgharbi region) were enrolled during two successive peak transmission periods in 2009 and 2010. In Nouakchott, 253 (50.8%) febrile patients had positive smears (83% Plasmodium vivax monoinfections and 17% Plasmodium falciparum monoinfections). In Hodh Elgharbi, 378 of 663 patients (57.0%) were smear-positive, mostly due to P. falciparum monoinfections (96.6%). Unlike in Nouakchott, mixed P. falciparum-P. vivax infections, as well as P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae monoinfections, were also observed at a very low prevalence in southern Mauritania. In Nouakchott, malaria occurred more frequently (P5 years old and adults than in young children aged 0.05) in relation with age groups. The present study confirmed the predominance of P. falciparum in southern Mauritania reported in previous studies. The presence of P. vivax in Nouakchott is a new epidemiological reality that requires an urgent adoption of novel strategies for parasitological and vector control to combat urban malaria. Moreover, the present study provides evidence-based data on malaria burden in two regions in Mauritania that may serve as a springboard to establish and develop a national surveillance system of malaria epidemiology. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Effect of supplementation of dry and rainy season grazing on some ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    apra.v4i3-4.49772 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER RESOURCES.

  13. Milk quality in high production systems during dry and rainy seasons ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    usuario

    2015-10-28

    Oct 28, 2015 ... This study aimed to evaluate the milk quality of crossbred cows from five production systems according to the quality parameters required by Normative Instruction No. 62 (NI 62). Five different production systems were used, with different environmental and sanitary conditions, and with animals from different ...

  14. Complete breeding failures in ivory gull following unusual rainy storms in North Greenland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn Yannic

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Natural catastrophic events such as heavy rainfall and windstorms may induce drastic decreases in breeding success of animal populations. We report the impacts of summer rainfalls on the reproductive success of ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea in north-east Greenland. On two occasions, at Amdrup Land in July 2009 and at Station Nord in July 2011, we observed massive ivory gull breeding failures following violent rainfall and windstorms that hit the colonies. In each colony, all of the breeding birds abandoned their eggs or chicks during the storm. Juvenile mortality was close to 100% at Amdrup Land in 2009 and 100% at Station Nord in 2011. Our results show that strong winds associated with heavy rain directly affected the reproductive success of some Arctic bird species. Such extreme weather events may become more common with climate change and represent a new potential factor affecting ivory gull breeding success in the High Arctic.

  15. Cambial activity in dry and rainy season on branches from woody species growing in Brazilian Cerrado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmen R. Marcati; Silvia R. Machado; Diego Sotto Podadera; Natalia O. Totti de Lara; Fabio Bosio; Alex C. Wiedenhoeft

    2016-01-01

    Seasonal cambial activity was investigated in one- to three-year-old branch modules (branch constructional units) of ten woody species from cerrado sensu stricto, a savanna-like ecosystem, of southernBrazil. Relationships between cambial activity and environmental factors (precipitation, temperature,day length) and leaf production were tested using...

  16. On mean state of the atmosphere at the end of rainy season in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For a long time upper air data Nigeria had been fragmentary. Poor operational upper air network had therefore been responsible for the poor products users get from the forecast office. This paper describes the wind information obtained during a specifically designed meteorological experiment tagged “Mesoscale ...

  17. Indo-Pacific sea surface temperature influences on failed consecutive rainy seasons over eastern Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoell, Andrew; Funk, Christopher C.

    2014-01-01

    Rainfall over eastern Africa (10°S–10°N; 35°E–50°E) is bimodal, with seasonal maxima during the "long rains" of March–April–May (MAM) and the "short rains" of October–November–December (OND). Below average precipitation during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa can have devastating long-term impacts on water availability and agriculture. Here, we examine the forcing of drought during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa by Indo-Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs). The forcing of eastern Africa precipitation and circulation by SSTs is tested using ten ensemble simulations of a global weather forecast model forced by 1950–2010 observed global SSTs. Since the 1980s, Indo-Pacific SSTs have forced more frequent droughts spanning consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa. The increased frequency of dry conditions is linked to warming SSTs over the Indo-west Pacific and to a lesser degree to Pacific Decadal Variability. During MAM, long-term warming of tropical west Pacific SSTs from 1950–2010 has forced statistically significant precipitation reductions over eastern Africa. The warming west Pacific SSTs have forced changes in the regional lower tropospheric circulation by weakening the Somali Jet, which has reduced moisture and rainfall over the Horn of Africa. During OND, reductions in precipitation over recent decades are oftentimes overshadowed by strong year-to-year precipitation variability forced by the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation.

  18. Obrazets stalinskoi arhitekturõ snesut / Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Urmas

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas Narva mnt. 63 lammutatakse stalinistliku arhitektuuri üks kujukaid näiteid. Asemele ehitatakse neli ärihoonet. Kinnistu arhitektuurilise lahenduse koostas Meelis Pressi arhitektuuribüroo. Kommenteerib arhitekt Meelis Press

  19. Viis korrust klaasi ja betooni / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Hotell Ülemiste Tallinnas Lennujaama tee 2. Sisekujundus: Meelis Press ja Hillar Mänd, AS Meelis Pressi Arhitektuuribüroo. Ehitaja: AS FKSM. Arhitekt Martin Aunin. Meelis Pressist ja Hillar Männist, nende tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: 21 värv. vaadet

  20. Ciclo diário da precipitação estimada através de um radar banda S e pelo algoritmo 3B42_V6 do projeto TRMM durante a estação chuvosa de 1999 no sudoeste da Amazônia Diurnal cycle of the precipitation estimated by a S-band radar, and the 3B42_V6 algorithm of the TRMM project during the rainy season of 1999 over southwestern of the Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Moisés Santos e Silva

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresenta-se uma avaliação da precipitação estimada através do radar S-POL (banda S e pelo algoritmo 3B42_V6 do satélite TRMM, durante o experimento do período chuvoso de 1999 do projeto TRMM-LBA na Bacia Amazônica, enfocando-se a variabilidade diária. Para tal, utilizam-se técnicas estatísticas baseadas em tabela de contingência e índices, bem como a análise harmônica. Demonstra-se que precipitação determinada com o radar é coerente com as observações de rede de pluviômetros. O ciclo diário exibe um máximo principal no final da tarde, e um pico secundário à noite, que é associado à propagação de Linhas de Instabilidades no interior da Bacia Amazônica. O algoritmo 3B42_V6 reproduz características importantes do ciclo diário de precipitação: (i o máximo intenso às 2100 UTC (1700 HL; (ii precipitação noturna mais intensa durante o regime de Oeste. Uma importante aplicação deste estudo é o uso dos resultados para avaliação de modelos numéricos de simulação do tempo e do clima, principalmente no que concerne à representação da convecção sobre a região.The rainfall estimated with a S-band radar, and by the 3B42_V6 TRMM satellite algorithm, is evaluated by comparing it with rain gauge measurements during the 1999 rainy season in the Amazon Basin, with focus on the diurnal cycle. Statistic analyses based on contingency tables, skill scores, and harmonic analysis were used. The radar estimation is in agreement with the rain gauges measurements. The diurnal cycle exhibits a main maximum during the afternoon and a secondary one at night, which is associated to Squall Lines propagation over the Amazon Basin. It is also shown that the 3B42_V6 algorithm captured important features of the rainfall diurnal cycle: (i the maximum at 2100 UTC (1700 LST; (ii the nocturnal rainfall is strongest during Westerly regimes. These results are important for numerical weather and climate prediction model

  1. Species richness and composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi occurring on eucalypt trees (Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.) in rainy and dry season

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khaekhum, S.; Lumyong, S.; Kuyper, T.W.; Boonlue, Sophon

    2017-01-01

    River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.), the most commonly planted eucalypt species globally, has several advantages and is widely used for many purposes, which makes the tree important. Mycorrhizal establishment in eucalyptus has been known for many years, and the benefits of this symbiosis

  2. How Does Dung Beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Diversity Vary Along a Rainy Season in a Tropical Dry Forest?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novais, Samuel M A; Evangelista, Lucas A; Reis-Júnior, Ronaldo; Neves, Frederico S

    2016-01-01

    Dung beetle community dynamics are determined by regional rainfall patterns. However, little is known about the temporal dynamics of these communities in tropical dry forests (TDFs). This study was designed to test the following predictions: 1) Peak diversity of dung beetle species occurs early in the wet season, with a decrease in diversity (α and β) and abundance throughout the season; 2) Nestedness is the primary process determining β-diversity, with species sampled in the middle and the end of the wet season representing subsets of the early wet season community. Dung beetles were collected in a TDF in the northern Minas Gerais state, Brazil over three sampling events (December 2009, February and April 2010). We sampled 2,018 dung beetles belonging to 39 species and distributed among 15 genera. Scarabaeinae α-diversity and abundance were highest in December and equivalent between February and April, while β-diversity among plots increased along the wet season. The importance of nestedness and species turnover varies between pairs of sample periods as the main process of temporal β-diversity. Most species collected in the middle and end of the wet season were found in greater abundance in early wet season. Thus, the dung beetle community becomes more homogeneous at the beginning of the wet season, and as the season advances, higher resource scarcity limits population size, which likely results in a smaller foraging range, increasing β-diversity. Our results demonstrate high synchronism between the dung beetle life cycle and seasonality of environmental conditions throughout the wet season in a TDF, where the onset of rains determines adult emergence for most species. © The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America.

  3. Sero-epidemiological evaluation of changes in Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax transmission patterns over the rainy season in Cambodia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cook, Jackie; Speybroeck, Nico; Sochanta, Tho

    2012-01-01

    In Cambodia, malaria transmission is low and most cases occur in forested areas. Sero-epidemiological techniques can be used to identify both areas of ongoing transmission and high-risk groups to be targeted by control interventions. This study utilizes repeated cross-sectional data to assess...

  4. 75 FR 39612 - IJC Will Review Bi-National Management of the Lake of the Woods and Rainy River Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... IJC anticipates holding public consultations on this matter at dates and locations to be announced in... assists the governments in managing waters along the border for the benefit of both countries in a variety...

  5. Kaadrid otsustavad endiselt kõik / Kersti Kivirüüt, Epp Adler, Andi Einaste, Maris Liiders ; intervjueerinud Meeli Parijõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Saku gümnaasiumis arutleti õpilaste korraldatud foorumil Eesti hariduse oleviku ja tuleviku üle. Intervjuu külalisesinejatega, kelleks tänavu olid haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi üldharidusosakonna peaekspert Kersti Kivirüüt, Epp Adler MTÜ-st HeadEst, Saku abivallavanem haridus-, kultuuri- ja sotsiaalhoolekande alal Andi Einaste ning Harju maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Maris Liiders

  6. EPIKoja võrgustik ja võtmepartnerid õppereisil Norras / Kirke-Anneli Kuld, Meelis Joost ; kommenteerinud Jüri Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuld, Kirke-Anneli

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Puuetega Inimeste Koja liikmesorganisatsioonide esindajate ja töövõimereformi võtmes oluliste koostööpartnerite delegatsiooni külaskäigust Norra Kuningriiki 14.-19. jaanuaril, kus saadi ülevaade tööhõivelahendustest, mida pakub Norra töö- ja heaolu direktoraat NAV

  7. Töötuskindlustus seab eesmärgiks tööotsijate sujuva tööleaitamise / Meelis Paavel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavel, Meelis, 1963-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Den za Dnjom : Töötukassa, 13. apr. 2007, lk. 1. Eesti Töötukassa järgmise viie aasta arengusuundadest. Kommenteerivad: Eesti AÜ keskliidu esimees Harri Taliga ja Eesti Tööandjate keskliidu esimees Tarmo Kriis

  8. Maaleht soovitab : Akordionistid laulupeomuuseumis. Taani sõugrupp mängib Pärnus. Rahvamuusikutega pidu hommikuni. "Rock ja raga" turgutab meeli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tartu regiooni muusikakoolide akordionistide kontserdist 12. apr. Laulupeomuuseumis Tartus (Jaama 14). Taani lõõkpillimängijate sõugrupi Trash.dk esinemisest 25. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas. Rahvamuusikaüritusest 12. apr. Tartus roomakatoliku kirikus (Veski 1) ja Veski villas (Veski 6). Kontserdist "Rock ja raga" 11. apr. Tartus Vanemuise kontserdimajas, 12. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas ja 13. apr. Tallinnas Estonia kontserdisaalis

  9. Värtnakeder, talisman või nõiaese - märkidega kiviketas Viljandimaalt Rattama talust / Tõnno Jonuks, Meelis Friedenthal, Arvi Haak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jonuks, Tõnno, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Viljandimaalt Suure-Jaani kihelkonnast Rattama talust pärit märkidega kivikettast, mille sümboleid võib pidada kaitsemaagilise taustaga märkideks. Tegemist võib olla 17. või 18. sajandil valmistatud amuletiga

  10. Kunstiülikool on nagu pioneeride palee kunstiring / Vilen Künnapu, Meeli Truu, Eerik Olle...[jt.] ; interv. Gea Velthut-Sokka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Arhitektid V. Künnapu ja M. Truu, sisearhitektid I.-E. Schneider, E. Olle ja M. Peri ning kinnisvaraarendaja A. Aavik vastavad küsimustele, millises ülikoolis nad omandaksid eriala, kui nad oleksi praegu tudengid, Eestis saadava hariduse konkurentsivõimelisuse kohta maailmas, mida nad tahaksid praegu enda täiendamiseks õppida?

  11. Informatsioonilise enesemääramise õigus ja jälitustegevus: isiku õigus teada saada tema suhtes tehtud jälitustoimingutest / Meeli Rondel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rondel, Meeli

    2016-01-01

    Informatsioonilise enesemääramise õiguse olemusest. Isiku õigusest teada saada tema suhtes tehtud jälitustoimingutest. Enesemääramise õiguse laienemisest juriidilisele isikule, juriidilise isiku õigustest jälitustoimingutega kogutud andmete töötlemise protsessis

  12. Universaalne disain Islandil – tule ja jää vallas / Meelis Joost ; kommenteerinud Kristo-Adam Priks, Mailis Kaljula, Ilona Gurjanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joost, Meelis

    2016-01-01

    8.–12. jaanuaril osalesid EMP vabaühenduste fondi projekti „Paneme seaduse kehtima!“ partnerite esindajad Islandil poliitikakujundusseminaril ning kohtumistel asutustega, mis mõjutavad elukeskkonna kujundamist

  13. Muusikakirjastus "edition 49" - edukas Saksa-Eesti ühisfirma : Mozarti aasta omanäoline tähistamine / Meeli Bagger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bagger, Meeli, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    1992. aastal asutatud muusikakirjastus vaatab tagasi tehtud tööle. Mandoliinimängija Detlef Tewes ja kitarrist Boris Björn Bagger töötlesid Mozarti teoseid mandoliinile ja kitarrile ning salvestasid selle CD-le

  14. Miks tohib Eesti Vabariigi juubeliks teha filme vaid enne 1940. a ilmunud kirjandusteoste põhjal? / Meelis Muhu ; interv. Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muhu, Meelis

    2007-01-01

    Kultuuriministeeriumi poolt väljakuulutavava mängufilmide stsenaariumikonkursi üks tingimusi on, et stsenaarium võiks põhineda enne 1940. aastat ilmunud kirjandusteosel. Kultuuriministeeriumi filminõunik põhjendab

  15. Maaväe visioon. I osa : katse astuda samm võimepõhise planeerimise poole / Meelis Kiili, Aron Kalmus, Peeter Mitt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiili, Meelis, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Järg. nr. 4 lk. 22-31. Maaväe tulevikuvisioonist "Tulevikumaavägi 2020+". Graafik: Lähtuvalt konflikti etapist võimete ulatus kasvab ja/või kahaneb. Tabel: Maaväe väeloome võime; Maaväe jätkusuutlikkuse tagamine. Skeem: Väe elemendid; Tulevikumaaväe arendamine; Integreeritud lahinguruum; Maaväe komponendi võimalik struktuur; Tüüpstruktuur

  16. Maaväe visioon. II osa : maavägi 2020+ väga kasutatav maavägi / Meelis Kiili, Aron,Mitt,Peeter Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiili, Meelis, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Maaväe tulevikuvisioonist "Tulevikumaavägi 2020+". Graafik: Tulevikukonflikti spekter. Skeem: Väe elemendid; Tulevikumaaväe arendamine; Integreeritud Lahinguruum; Maaväe komponendi võimalik struktuur; Tüüpstruktuur. Vt. ka: Sõdur nr. 3 lk. 22-32

  17. Omavalitsuseta omavalitsused : Eesti omamaise haldusvõimu taastamine NSV Liidu ja Saksamaa vahelise sõja tingimustes. 1.-3. osa / Meelis Maripuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maripuu, Meelis, 1966-

    2012-01-01

    NSV Liidu okupatsioonivõimu poolt Eesti kohaliku omavalitsussüsteemi lammutamine. Administratiivvõimu taastamine. Kohalikud Omakaitse üksused. Valla- ja linnavalitsuste rakendamisest. Katsetest taastada volikogude tegevus. Eesti valitsemise ettevalmistamisest Saksamaal. Eesti Omavalitsuse esimestest sammudest. Leedu ülestõus. Läti poliitikategelaste sise- ja välisheitlustest. Võrdlevaid tähelepanekuid.

  18. Hinnatõus otsib pääsu. Siseturu seis pessimistlik / Tea Taruste ; kommenteerinud Kalev Kõnn, Meelis Einstein, Aldo Unga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taruste, Tea

    2011-01-01

    Ehitusmaterjalide tootjate liidu tegevjuhi Enno Rebase hinnangul on ehitusmaterjalide hinnatõus vältimatu, sest sisendid lähevad kallimaks ja kokkuhoidu pole enam võimalik millegi arvel saavutada, kuid suuremat hinnatõusu võib takistada siseturu väike nõudlus. Vineeri hind on tõusnud 20-30%, OSB tõusis 15%

  19. Sammuli võitlus Simmuliga : Linnateatri "Kuritöös ja karistuses" on Svidrigailov Raskolnikovi vääriline vastane / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Tallinna Linnateatri Põrgulaval esietendus 19. aprillil F. Dostojevski "Kuritöö ja karistus", lavastaja ja dramatiseerija Elmo Nüganen, kunstnik Vladimir Anshon, kostüümikunstnik Jaanus Orgussaar, osades Indrek Sammul, Rain Simmul, Peeter Tammearu, Anu Lamp, Külli Teetamm, Liina Olmaru

  20. DisAbility – kuidas kaasata paremini oma töösse puudega vabatahtlikke / Meelis Joost, Kirke-Anneli Kuld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joost, Meelis

    2015-01-01

    21.–27. juulil 2015 osales EPIKoja 2-liikmeline meeskond koolitusel Venemaal Nižni Novgorodis, mille korraldas Austria organisatsioon Grenzenlos koostöös Venemaa organisatsiooniga SFERA. Koolituse eesmärgiks oli selgitada, kuidas Euroopa Liidu erinevatesse programmidesse on võimalik paremini kaasata erivajadustega inimesi

  1. Set dlja perevoztshikov / Aleksei Zhigulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhigulin, Aleksei

    2004-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Meelis Atoneni osalemisel toimus ümarlaud, mis arutas Eesti merekaubalaevanduse edaspidist arengut Euroopa Liidu tingimustes, loomisel on lähimerevedude edendamiskeskus

  2. Kinobussi lahates / Heilika Võsu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võsu, Heilika

    2003-01-01

    Kolmandat aastat mööda Eestit ja sel aastal ka Rootsit vuranud Kinobussist, selle projektijuhtide Mikk Ranna ja Meelis Muhu edukast rahvavalgustuslikust tegevusest filmitegemise praktilisel õpetamisel

  3. Põneva kappkemmerguga mõisahoones hakkab sõitma lift / Vilja Kohler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kohler, Vilja, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Tartumaal asuva Tammistu mõisa rekonstrueerimisest, projekt AS Restor arhitektidelt Mart Keskkülalt ja Reet Saluverelt. Peahoonesse tuleb puuetega laste rehabilitatsioonikeskus. Kommenteerib Meelis Joost

  4. Luksuslik ja atraktiivne klaasikunst

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Eesti klaasikunstnik Meeli Kõiva tutvustab klaasi kasutamise võimalusi. Klaasimaalist, vitraažist. Meeli Kõiva klaas-valgusskulptuur "Feuille Qui Vole" ("Kohtumine lendavate lehtede all") asub Glaston Corporation'i juhtkonna hoone fuajees Soomes, "Reactive River" Euroopa Parlamendi peahoones Brüsselis

  5. Eesti etümoloogia sõnaraamat / Gábor Zaicz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaicz, Gábor

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Metsmägi, Iris, Sedrik, Meeli, Soosaar, Sven-Erik. Eesti etümoloogia sõnaraamat. Peatoimetaja Iris Metsmägi. Koostanud ja toimetanud Iris Metsmägi, Meeli Sedrik, Sven-Erik Soosaar. Eesti Keele Sihtasutus. Tallinn, 2012

  6. Avatud büroo viiendal korrusel / Maris Takk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Takk, Maris

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas Endla t. 16 asuva Elioni pekontori sisekujundus. Autorid: Kärt Kukkur, Meelis Press. Ehitus: As Esmar Ehitus. Kärt Kukkurist ja Meelis Pressist, nende tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: plaan, 9 värv. vaadet

  7. Infectious Diseases Society of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Walter E. Stamm Mentor Award Clinical Teacher Award World AIDS Day IDSA Recognizes World AIDS Day HIVMA ... Payment System (MIPS). The new interactive tool was created to help physicians determine the best path forward ...

  8. Rainy Periods and Bottom Water Stagnation Initiating Brine Accumulation and Metal Concentrations, 2. Precambrian Gold-Uranium Ore Beds and Banded Iron Formations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossignol-Strick, Martine

    1987-08-01

    I previously suggested that heavy runoff during the 12,500-7000 years B.P. tropical pluvial period generated bottom water quiescence and reducing conditions making possible sapropel formation, accumulation of brine originating at the sea bottom, and long-term preservation of hydrothermal sulfides in the Red Sea Deeps. I hypothesized the same process to account for two Precambrian strata-bound ores. In the Upper Witwatersrand paleoplacers, South Africa, gold and uranium eroded by running water from upstream greenstones, reached highest concentrations in association with organic matter in carbonaceous seams, and deposited in the distal end of fluvial fans during transgressive phases. I propose that the deep waters over these fans became anoxic when large, sudden floods stratified the water column. The organic matter thus locally preserved concentrated gold and uranium from the partial dissolution of the detrital metallic grains. In the Hamersley basin of Western Australia, banded iron formations (BIF) of the Dales Gorge Member are a major source of iron ore. Regularly fluctuating environmental conditions are shown by repetitious BIF and black shale macrobands. I propose that they were deposited in a confined, silled, deep basin connected with the open ocean. Before initiation of the lowest BIF deposition the active regional thermohaline circulation flushing the deep waters under a rather arid climate diluted and oxidized the Fe2+-rich hydrothermal effluents exhaling from the basin floor. Then, during a strong wet period, heavy runoff scavenging volcanoclastics from the land surface lowered the basin surface water salinity and prevented deepwater renewal. The hydrothermal effluents began to accumulate and progressively concentrated in the quiescent and progressively oxygen-depleted deep water. During this wet initial phase, the massive black, organic-rich pyritic shale at the top of the Mount McRae Shale Member was deposited immediately and conformably underlying the lowest BIF macroband. When aridity returned, the quiescent deep water filling the basin to sill depth had become sufficiently dense to resist its displacement by reactivated vertical circulation. From Fe2+-rich anoxic brine, Fe3+ was precipitated at the anoxic-oxic interface near the photic zone base by biogenic photosynthesis or Fe2+ photooxidation and partially reduced to Fe2+ during its settling through the anoxic water mass. Thus the lowest BIF macroband of the Dales Gorge Member was formed. Once high bottom water density became established, black shale macrobands were formed during recurrent wet periods and BIF macrobands during the intervening arid intervals. The macrobands' wet-arid periodicity is suggestive of control by Milankovitch-type insolation variation. Mesobands and microbands point to shorter climatic cycles. Termination of the system is achieved only by tectonic movements.

  9. DETERMINATION OF LEAKAGE CURRENT THROUGH INSULATED COATING OF 10 KV OVERHEAD DISTRIBUTION LINE WIRES WHILE CONTACTING TREES AND OTHER EARTHED OBJECTS IN RAINY WEATHER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. F. Stepanchuk

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigations that were conducted with the help of overhead distribution line model reflected such situations as wire swinging cross, their contact with fallen trees and other earthed objects have shown that the overhead lines may operate rather long under such conditions. However leakage current may lead to dangerous high potentials on these objects and around them.The results of calculations and experimental research have revealed that in the rain leakage current on an earthed object and insulation resistance depends on the width of moistened zone and practically does not depend on an object size and shape. Leakage current does not exceed 3 mA at an operating voltage and 15mA at possible internal overvoltage and full insulation resistance is not less than 3…4 MW for actual overhead distribution line spans.

  10. Seadusloome : olemusest Mandri-Euroopa ja common law õigussüsteemis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Rainis Nagel ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Raul Narits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nagel, Rainis

    1997-01-01

    Seadusandluse mõiste ja nõuded; seadus, õigusnorm; seadusloome praktikas (Eesti, Prantsusmaa, Rootsi, Saksamaa), õigusakti projekt, seadusloomega tegelevad institutsioonid, seadusloome protsess ja kvaliteet

  11. Edaphic factors controlling summer (rainy season) greenhouse gas emissions (CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4}) from semiarid mangrove soils (NE-Brazil)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nóbrega, Gabriel N. [Departamento de Ciência do Solo, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, ESALQ/USP, Av.Pádua Dias 11, Piracicaba, São Paulo 13.418-260 (Brazil); Ferreira, Tiago O., E-mail: toferreira@usp.br [Departamento de Ciência do Solo, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, ESALQ/USP, Av.Pádua Dias 11, Piracicaba, São Paulo 13.418-260 (Brazil); Siqueira Neto, M. [Laboratório de Biogeoquímica Ambiental, Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, CENA/USP, Av. Centenário 303, Piracicaba, São Paulo 13.400-970 (Brazil); Queiroz, Hermano M.; Artur, Adriana G. [Departamento de Ciências do Solo, Universidade Federal do Ceará, UFC, Av. Mister Hull 2977, Campus do Pici, Fortaleza, Ceará 60.440-554 (Brazil); Mendonça, Eduardo De S. [Departamento de Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, UFES, Alto Universitário s/n, Alegre, Espírito Santo 29.500-000 (Brazil); Silva, Ebenezer De O. [Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Agroindústria Tropical, Pós Colheita, Dra. Sara Mesquita Street, 2270, Planalto Pici, Fortaleza, Ceará 60.511-110 (Brazil); and others

    2016-01-15

    The soil attributes controlling the CO{sub 2}, and CH{sub 4} emissions were assessed in semiarid mangrove soils (NE-Brazil) under different anthropogenic activities. Soil samples were collected from different mangroves under different anthropogenic impacts, e.g., shrimp farming (Jaguaribe River); urban wastes (Cocó River) and a control site (Timonha River). The sites were characterized according to the sand content; physicochemical parameters (Eh and pH); total organic C; soil C stock (SCS) and equivalent SCS (SCS{sub EQV}); total P and N; dissolved organic C (DOC); and the degree of pyritization (DOP). The CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} fluxes from the soils were assessed using static closed chambers. Higher DOC and SCS and the lowest DOP promote greater CO{sub 2} emission. The CH{sub 4} flux was only observed at Jaguaribe which presented higher DOP, compared to that found in mangroves from humid tropical climates. Semiarid mangrove soils cannot be characterized as important greenhouse gas sources, compared to humid tropical mangroves. - Highlights: • GHG emission was associated with different soil characteristics. • Highest CO{sub 2} emissions were found in mangroves with larger dissolved C and lower DOP. • Less CH{sub 4} flux was due to low DOP in semiarid mangrove soils.

  12. Radio refractivity gradients in the lowest 100m of the atmosphere over Lagos, Nigeria in the rainy-harmattan transition phase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dairo, O. F.; Kolawole, L. B.

    2018-01-01

    Radio engineers and researchers in conjunction with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) have established the pivotal role of radio refractivity to the propagation of electromagnetic energy in the troposphere. In particular, the refractivity gradient statistics for the lowest 100m in the troposphere are used to determine the probability of occurrence of anomalous propagation conditions known as ducting. The major challenge to characterising the propagation condition over any environment is accessing the data of the lowest boundary layer of the atmosphere, which is highly dynamic and turbulent in evolution. High resolution radiosonde data from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet) were used for a synoptic study of the rain-harmattan transition phase. The rain-harmattan transition phase marks the onset of the dry season due to the movement of the intertropical convergence zone interplay between (north-easterly and south-westerly) trade winds and monsoonal circulation. The lowest 100m data were analysed to determine the frequency of ducting per month. Progressive increase in the occurrence of ducting was observed during the rain-harmattan transition phase, which coincides with the West African Monsoon retreat. The results show significant divergence from previous studies, which reported that the tropospheric condition over Lagos (Geo. 6 . 5 °N, 3 . 3 °E), Nigeria, is predominantly super-refractive.

  13. Influence of irrigation upon biomass production and chemical composition of Napier grass and Mombaça grass under rotational grazing during the dry and rainy season

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Enilson Geraldo; Fontes, Carlos Augusto de Alencar; Palieraqui, Jorge Guilherme Bergottini; Cóser, Antônio Carlos; Martins, Carlos Eugênio; Silva, Roberto Carneiro da

    2009-01-01

    O experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar a influência da irrigação sobre as disponibilidades de matéria seca total (DMST), matéria seca verde (DMSV) e matéria seca residual (DMSR); a altura; a densidade volumétrica da forragem (DV); a porcentagem de folhas e a composição química da lâmina foliar dos capins napier e mombaça. Avaliaram-se as combinações das duas forrageiras com dois níveis de irrigação (presença e ausência). A irrigação foi realizada repondo 100% da evapotranspiraç...

  14. Mix design of asphalt mixture used for the waterproof and anti-cracking layer in the rainy area of South China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fuming; Dong, Aixia; Liu, Chaoqun; Wu, Wenqing

    2018-01-01

    In this study, the asphalt mixture (porosity pavement to improve its interlayer structure and to enhance its related waterproof and anti-cracking ability. Considering the weather characteristics and traffic conditions in Jiangxi Province, appropriate raw materials were selected. Based on the technical indexes of the raw materials, expected porosity (cracking layer, and to obtain the optimum amount of the asphalt and fiber used based on Marshall tests. The high-temperature rutting test, low-temperature cracking test, and water stability test were conducted to evaluate the pavement performance of the waterproof and anti-cracking layer. A waterproof and anti-cracking layer was added between the upper and middle layers of the asphalt pavement, which has excellent performance for avoiding cracks and water damage.

  15. The effects of energy and protein supplementation strategy and frequency on the performance of beef cattle that grazed on Tanzania grass pastures during the rainy season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miorin, R L; Saad, R M; Silva, L D F; Galbeiro, S; Cecato, U; Junior, F L Massaro

    2016-12-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the different supplementation strategies for finishing Nellore beef cattle on pastures of Tanzania guinea grass (Panicum maximum Jacq. 'Tanzania'). The experiment was performed in a 12 ha area divided into 12 paddocks of 1 ha each. Forty-eight, 2-year-old, non-castrated Nellore cattle with an initial body weight (BW) of 384 kg (SEM = 21) were used in this study. The following supplementation strategies were evaluated: (1) mineral supplement supplied once per week (MS), (2) energy and protein supplement with intake regulator (2 g/kg BW) supplied once per week (EPS1), (3) energy and protein supplement (7 g/kg BW) supplied daily (EPS2), and (4) energy and protein supplement (7 g/kg BW) supplied three times per week (EPS3). The average daily gain (ADG) of animals receiving EPS3 was 0.177 kg/day higher than those receiving EPS1 (p supplementation spent more time grazing than the other supplementation groups tested (p supplements, thereby increasing animal performance. Animal performance was higher with increased protein and energy supplementation (7 g/kg BW), independent of the frequency with which supplements were administered.

  16. Evidence of hydraulic lift for pre-rainy season leaf out and dry-season stem water enrichment in Sclerocarya birrea, a tropical agroforestry tree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceperley, Natalie; Mande, Theophile; Rinaldo, Andrea; Parlange, Marc B.

    2014-05-01

    We use stable isotopes of water as tracers to follow water use by five Sclerocarya birrea trees in a catchment in South Eastern Burkina Faso interspersed with millet fields, gallery forest, Sudanian savanna, and fallow fields. Isotopic ratios were determined from water extracted from stems of the trees and sub-canopy soil of two of them, while nearby ground water, precipitation, and surface water was sampled weekly. A unique configuration of sensors connected with a wireless sensor network of meteorological stations measured sub-canopy shading, the temperature and humidity in the canopy, through-fall, and soil moisture under two of the trees. Both water extracted from sap and water extracted from soil is extremely enriched in the dry season, but drop to levels close to the ground water in February or March, which coincides with the growth of leaves. Dates of leaf out were confirmed by changes in δDH and δO18 concentrations of water, photographic documentation & pixel analysis, and analysis of sub-canopy radiation and proceeded the rise in humidity and flow that was later detected in the sub-canopy soil, the trunk of the tree (sap-flow), and atmosphere (canopy VPD). Examination of the isotopic signature suggests that size of tree plays an important role in duration and timing of this leaf-out as well as the degree of enrichment during the peak of the dry season. Further examination of the isotopic signatures of the roots suggested that the trees are performing hydraulic redistribution, or lifting the ground water and "sharing it" with the soil in the rooting zone in the dry season. The enriched level of xylem in this case is a product of water loss, and enrichment, along the travel path of the water from the roots to the tip of the stem, as evidenced by the variation according to size of tree. Vapor pressure deficit, soil water, and soil moisture interactions support this picture of interacting controls, separate from hydrologic triggers on the water movement in the tree.

  17. Vienkamieniai asmenvardžiai su lie. darg-: jų pamatas ir ryšiai su dvikamieniais asmenvardžiais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiva Sinkevičiūtė

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available DIE EINSTÄMMIGEN NAMEN MIT LIT. darg-: IHRERE GRUNDLAGE UND VERBINDUNGEN MIT DEN ZUSAMMENGESETZTEN NAMENZusammenfassungIn diesem Aufsatz wird die Grundlage der einstämmigen Namen mit darg- und ihrere Verbindungen mit diesen Stamm habenden zusammengesetzten Namen untersucht. Die vorhandenen Daten weisen darauf hin, daß die zusammengesetzten und einstämmigen Namen mit darg- nicht nur in Litauen, sondern auch in Lettland (? und Preußen anzutreffen sind. Baltische einstämmige Namen mit darg- bestehen: 1 aus dem ersten Stamm des zusammengesetzten Namens und dem Anfang des zweiten Stammes (litauische, lettische (? und preußische Namen, 2 aus dem ersten oder zweiten Stamm des zusammengesetzten Namens (litau­ische und preußische Namen.Den Stamm darg- habende einstämmige litauische Familiennamen, die sich auf die ersten oder zwei­ten Stämme, oder den ersten Stamm und den Anfang des zweiten Stammes der zusammengesetzten Na­men beziehen lassen, herrschen in den Arealen der Nord- und Südenniederlitauer vor. Durch die struktu­relle Analyse der zusammengesetzten und einstämmigen Namen mit darg- wird festgestellt, daß diese Namen miteinander in Verbindung stehen. Die niederlitauischen einstämmigen Namen mit darg- entstan­den aus den zusammengesetzten Namen der Strukturtypen Dar-gVC-, Dar-gVCC-. Die zusammengesetzten Namen mit dem Stamm darg- konnten aus den einstämmigen hypokoristischen Formen mit darg- später entstanden. Unter Berufung auf vorhandenes Material kann man behaupten, daß die hypokoristischen For­men mit darg- den Einfluß auf das System der zusammengesetzten Namen ausübten.

  18. Polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex) tube used as a support conduit in open gastrostomy: report of a new technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhshaeekia, Alireza; Yarmohammadi, Hooman; Abbasi, Hamid R

    2010-01-01

    When percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or percutaneous radiographic gastrostomy (PRG) are not possible or fail, surgical gastrostomy would be the convenient method. Stamm's procedure has increasingly replaced other methods of surgical gastrostomy (SG). However, this procedure has various complications. In this study we used a Gore-Tex tube as a conduit to support a French 18 catheter for gastrostomy and evaluated its safety, efficacy, and usefulness in decreasing postoperative complications. Forty patients with CNS trauma, swallowing dysfunction or esophageal obstruction and in whom PEG had either failed or was not possible were enrolled. Patients were randomized into two equal groups of Gore-Tex assisted modified Stamm's gastrostomy (GAMSG) and the conventional Stamm gastrostomy (CSG). In the GAMSG group we initially secured a 6-10 cm length and 8mm diameter tubular Gore-Tex to the gastric and abdominal wall as a conduit and then passed a French 18 catheter through it. Conventional Stamm procedure was applied to all patients in CSG group. Groups were compared for insertion times, pain, dislodgment, leakage rate, surrounding skin erythema and major complications. These patients were followed monthly for 6 months. The overall complication rate after GAMSG group was 5.3% (0% major) compared with 33.3% for Stamm gastrostomies (11.2% major) (pGore-Tex conduit as a support for a feeding tube in Stamm's method effectively lowers complication rates without significantly increasing operation time or expenses. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  19. Rae vallajuhte kahtlustatakse korruptsioonis / Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2010-01-01

    Rae vallavanemat Veigo Gutmanni ja abivallavanemat Meelis Kasemaad kahtlustatakse selles, et osaledes Lehmja külas asuvate kinnistute detailplaneeringutega seotud otsustusprotsessides, varjasid nad oma varalisi huve seoses nimetatud kinnistutega

  20. Kesklinna politseihoone = The Central Tallinn Police Department / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Tallinnas Kolde pst. 65 asuva Kesklinna politseihoone arhitektuursest lahendusest. Arhitekt, sisearhitekt Meeli Truu, kaasautor Gersti Siimon (AS Nord Projekt). Žürii liikme Kalle Komissarovi hinnang kultuurkapitali aastapreemiale esitatud hoonele

  1. Melodija tranzita / Ljubov Semjonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semjonova, Ljubov

    2004-01-01

    Laeval Meloodia toimunud rahvusvahelise transiidi teemalisest konverentsist, millest teiste hulgas võtsid osa Eesti endine majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Meelis Atonen ning Soome transpordi- ja tööstusminister Mauri Pekkarinen

  2. Lozhitsja na relsõ poka smõsla net / Niina Antonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Antonova, Niina

    2004-01-01

    Peaministri ülesannetes majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministri Meelis Atoneni pressikonverentsist Narva-visiidi tulemustest. Parlamendiliige Mihhail Stalnuhhin ja Eesti Raudtee juhatuse liige rääkisid Narva raudteejaama rekonstrueerimise projektist ning soojuse uue hinna kooskõlastamisest

  3. Filme tuleb laiast maailmast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    V festival "Maailmafilm" algab 24. märtsil Eesti Rahva Muuseumi näitusemajas Tartus. Filmidest : esilinastuvad Meelis Muhu "Aljosha" ja Liivo Niglase, Diane Perlovi ja Frode Storaasi "Kalarahvas". Kavas on klassiku Timothy Aschi looming

  4. Anneli Remme soovitab : Kammerdžässi kava "Jõulud mõisas" / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti-Tšiili trio Raivo Tafenau - Meelis Vind - Ricardo Padilla kontsertidest sarja "Mõisaromantika" raames 25. nov. Taagepera lossis Valgamaal, 26. nov. Tõstamaa mõisas Pärnumaal ja 16. dets. Vihterpalu mõisas Harjumaal

  5. Ainuarmastuse raamat / Helju Vals

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vals, Helju, 1929-2011

    2008-01-01

    Hille Karmi raamatust "Helgi Sallo. Helgib ja heliseb" (Tallinn : Ajakirjade Kirjastus, 2007). Ka Meelis Kapstase raamatust "Reet Linna. Paljugi võiks öelda veel ..." (Tallinn : Ajakirjade Kirjastus 2008)

  6. Pankade vastulöök kaardikopeerijaile / Mariliis Pinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pinn, Mariliis

    2008-01-01

    Sampo Pank ja Nordea Pank paigaldavad sularahaautomaatidele antiskimmingu ehk kaardi magnetribalt kaardiandmete kopeerimise ja PIN-koodi varastamise vastased seadmed. Vt samas: Näiteid elust. Kommenteerib Meelis Nurk

  7. Stiilne avarus / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Angelika ja Meelis Maalmanni perekonna korter (93 mø) Rannamõisa teel asuvas ridaelamus. Uue plaanilahenduse ja sisekujunduse autor Aet Piel. Ill.: 8 vaadet, korteri plaan enne ja nüüd. A. ja M. Maalmanni kommentaarid

  8. Tallink-spaa teeb tallinklaseks / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Viru keskuse vastas asuvast Tallink SPA-hotellist, arhitekt Meelis Press. Sadama tänaval avatud uuest SPA-hotellist, arhitektuuribüroo Urban Mark, sisearhitektid Andro Kööp ja Tairo Pärnamets

  9. Restoran Cha Dao = Restaurant Cha Dao

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Tallinnas Suur-Patarei 2 asuva Hiina restorani Cha Dao sisekujundusest. Restorani mööbel, v.a toolid, projekteeriti eritellimusena. Sisearhitekt Dmitri Pisarenko (DM3 OÜ), loetletud tema töid. Arhitekt Meeli Truu

  10. Nightlife duo Meri ja Julm / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    Remikside produktsiooni-duost Rulers of the Deep (ROTD), koosseisus Meelis Meri ja P. Julm (Priit Juurman), firma Defected singli ATFC featuring Lisa Milleett "Sleep Talk" edust inglise edetabelites, millel M. Meri remiksid

  11. Projekteerijad kujundasid endale sobiva büroomaja / Aivo Vahemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahemets, Aivo

    2005-01-01

    Projekteerimisfirma Nord Projekti ja ehitusettevõtte NCC Ehituse büroohoonest Tallinnas. Arhitektid Meeli Truu ja Andres Kariste Nord Projektist, sisekujundaja Kadri Tarbe. Ehitas NCC Ehitus. Rõhku pandi tööruumide mugavusele ja avarusele

  12. Reformierakonna minister ründab koolidele raha jagamise kava : ministrid ei leia "21. sajandi kool" küsimuses üksmeelt / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2003-01-01

    Reformierakonna minister Meelis Atonen ründab Toivo Maimetsa käe all valminud ja valitsuse heakskiidu saanud investeeringukava "21. sajandi kool", süüdistades haridusministeeriumi arusaamatus rahajagamises

  13. Abilinnapea Ratas pidas uputust paratamatuseks / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratas, Jüri, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna abilinnapea Jüri Ratas kommenteerib olukorda linnas, kus kahe päevaga sadas maha rohkem kui juulikuu sademete norm ette näeb. Vt. samas Meelis Eldermann. Miks veevärk vihmaga toime ei tulnud?

  14. Microsoft võttis Eesti koostööpakkumise vastu / Kristjan Otsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsmann, Kristjan, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Ida-Euroopa riikide ja Microsofti ümarlaud Slovakkias Bratislavas. Microsofti asutaja Bill Gates oli huvitatud Meelis Atoneni ettepanekust, et riik korraldab oma kodanikele Microsofti tarkvara rentimise neile vastuvõetava hinnaga

  15. Mehelikkuse kriis / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti uuemaid lühimängufilme : Sutharsan Bala "Krantsid" (operaator Meelis Veermets, produtsent Marianne Ostrat, osades Jekaterina Novosjolova, Paulo Kulešov ja Mihkel Ulki "Pihv" (stsenarist Triin Sinissaar, osades Mari Abel, Andres Mähar)

  16. В чем смысл IPO Eesti Energia, если у компании миллиарды прибыли? / Лембит Кальювеэ, Янно Рейльян, Олев Раю, Меэлис Атонен

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Riigikogu liige Lembit Kaljuvee, maajandusteadlased Janno Reiljan ja Olev Raju ning Eesti Energia nõukogu liige Meelis Atonen arutlevad, kas on vaja korraldada emissiooni, kui riik võtab igal aastal Eesti Energiast miljardeid dividende

  17. Eduard Odinets : "Olen eestlane, kelle emakeel on vene keel" / Eduard Odinets ; interv. Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Odinets, Eduard, 1976-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 3. juuni lk. 3. Riigikogu sotsiaaldemokraatide fraktsiooni nõunik oma poliitikukarjäärist. Arvamust avaldab Katrin Saks ja Meelis Goldberg (Severnoje Pob.)

  18. Tri gorsti za Tsentralnõi rõnok / Arvi Tapver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tapver, Arvi

    1999-01-01

    Mõrvatud endise abilinnapea Mait Metsamaa keskturu erastajatest kaaskond kahlustas tunnistaja sõnul topeltmängu, kui Metsamaa vanale sõbrale ja allilmas kardetavale Meelis Laole erastamisest loobumise eest hüvitist pakkus

  19. Ministry prepares to buy back rail company / Kairi Kurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurm, Kairi

    2006-01-01

    Eesti valitsuse teatel on tehtud ettepanek osta tagasi 66 protsenti Eesti Raudtee osalusest. Omaniku Edward Burkhardt'i ja Eesti poliitikute seisukohad. Kommenteerivad: Agu Uudelepp, Toomas Raag, Meelis Atonen, Margus Tsahkna, Eiki Nestor

  20. Eesti animafilm osales Annecys

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Animafilmifestivalil Annecys osales neli Eesti filmi : Priit Pärna joonisfilm "Karl ja Marilyn", Rao Heidmetsa nukufilm "Instinkt", David Snowmani joonisfilm "Frank ja Wendy. Hungerburger" ja Meelis Arulepa reklaamfilm "Animated Dreams 2003"

  1. Skype has changed the telecommunications market / Lauri Levo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levo, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Eestlaste kaasabil loodud programmist Skype, millega saab Interneti vahendusel teha tasuta telefonikõnesid üle maailma. Meelis Kuusbergi kommentaar. Lisad: Ajalugu; Niklas Zennström; Janus Friis. Vt. samas intervjuud Sten Tamkiviga

  2. Skandaaliga lõppenud pidu / Greta Kaupmees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaupmees, Greta

    2006-01-01

    Nukuteatri jõulupeol juhtunud intsidendist Liis Lassi ja näitleja Ingrid Isotamme ning teatri kunstilise juhi Priit Hummeli vahel. Lisaks sõnum "Meelis Pai : Nukuteater on sõnatu ja shokis!" ja kiri "Tere Liis"

  3. Zoloto partii : u nas ono ne tonet / Julia Rodina, Aleksandr Tshaplõgin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Julia

    2008-01-01

    Endine valitsusliige, reformierakondlane ja valuutavahetusfirma Tavid nõukokku kuuluv Meelis Atonen soovitab reklaamisõnumis Titanicu uppumisega kullainvesteeringuid. Keskerakondlase Helle Kalda arvamus Reformierakonna ja peaminister Andrus Ansipi majandus- ja rahapoliitika kohta

  4. Eestikeelse loomuliku kõnesünteesi poole / Diana Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Diana, 1930-2013

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Mihkla, Meelis. Kõne ajalise struktuuri modelleerimine eestikeelsele tekst-kõne sünteesile = Modelling the temporal stucture of speech for the Estonian text-to-speech synthesis. Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2007

  5. Kassikullatud mausoleum kadunud aja ideoloogiale / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Ilja ja Emilia Kabakovi ning Raul Meel'i ühisnäitus Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kabakovid on toonud Kunstihoone suurde saali korduse 1993. a. Frankfurdis esmaesitatud installatsiooniideest "Tühi muuseum". Totaalse installatsiooni meistrist Ilja Kabakovist

  6. Tallinna kesklinna sissesõidu võiks maksustada / Brigitte Ollier, Hans Rat ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ollier, Brigitte

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnas viibinud Ülemaailmse Ühistranspordi Assotsiatsiooni (UITP) peasekretär ja direktor vastavad küsimustele, mis on seotud Tallinna ühistranspordiga. Kommenteerivad Toomas Vitsut ja Meelis Atonen

  7. Metsateede kasutamine eeldab naabri austamist / Ain Alvela, Ketlin Rauk ; kommenteerinud Uno Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2015-01-01

    Oma seisukohti väljendavad RMK Metsaparandustalituse juhataja Margus Reimann, OÜ Iriscorp Transport juhataja Kaido Sikk, AS Karo Trans juhatuse liige Meelis Lippe, Kohila vallavanem Heiki Hepner, Hiiumaa metsaseltsi juht Aira Toss

  8. Pühapäev kunsti ja muusikaga / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Jazzkaare 20. aprillil korraldatavast kunsti ja muusika pühapäevast Niguliste muuseumis (esineb East-West Quartet), Tallinna Kunstihoones (Estonian Guitar Octet), Rotermanni soolalaos (Raivo Tafenau ja Meelis Vindi duo) ja Kumu auditooriumis (laulja Kelli Uustani plaadiesitlus)

  9. Telepoisi kolmas tulemine / Jaanus Kulli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulli, Jaanus, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    ETV lastesaadete esimese telepoisi looja oli 1960. aastatel Jaak Palmse, 2000. aastatel "taastas" telepoisi Meelis Arulepp ja 2008.a. ilmus telepoiss ekraanile Daniel Müntineni ja animatsioonistuudio Birds of Paradise loominguna

  10. Sööbiku-Pisiku seiklused / Vesta Reest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reest, Vesta, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm Sillamäe pensionäride ühenduse aktivisti Esja Shuri võitlusest oma õiguste eest "Meeleavaldaja" : stsenarist, režissöör ja produtsent Meelis Muhu : operaator Erik Norkroos : In Ruum 2003

  11. Kolhoosikeskus - oma ja võõras = Collective farm centre - familiar and alien / Liina Jänes ; tõlk. Liisi Ojamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti kolhoosikeskuste arhitektuurist. Vaadeldakse aastail 1957-1990 ehitatud 24 keskusehoonet. Arhitektid Nikolai Kusmin, Harri Kingo, Toomas Rein, Vilen Künnapu, Ain Padrik, Maara Metsal, Meeli Truu jt. 17 välisvaadet, 3 joon., kaart

  12. Eurovisiooni vaheklipp murrab teed animailmas / Neeme Korv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korv, Neeme, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Mulluse Eurovisiooni lauluvõistluse Tallinna kontserdi üks vaheklippidest "Saabastega kass", mille režissöörid on René Vilbre ja Meelis Arulepp, valiti maineka Annecy animafilmifestivali nominentide hulka

  13. Õpi hästi, tee karjääri, võta naine, osta maja! Tänan, ei / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2010-01-01

    8. oktoobril 2010 Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu Tornisaalis esietendunud VAT teatri lavastusest "Hikikomori". Austria näitekirjaniku Holger Schoberi näidendi lavastas Margo Teder. Osades: Meelis Põdersoo, Kadri Adamson ja Anne Veesaar

  14. "Hair" - laul ja tants, mitte kultusmuusikal / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Kultusmuusikal "Hair" Rock Cafés Georg Otsa nim. Tallinna Muusikakooli õpilaste esituses, lavastaja Ivo Eensalu, muusikajuhid Mare Väljataga, Meelis Punder, tantsujuht Ulrike Ustav, kunstnikud Kristel Viks, Liisi Suuroja

  15. Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi väliekspositsioon "Klooga laager ja holokaust" = Outdoor exhibition of the Estonian History Museum "Klooga camp and the holocaust"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi väliekspositsioon "Klooga laager ja holokaust" Kloogal, valminud 2013. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali maastikuarhitektuuripreemia 2013. Arhitektuurne idee ja projekteerimine Mari Rass, Diana Taalfeld ja EA Reng. Kuraator Olev Liivik, konsultandid Ruth Bettina Birn, Tõnis Liibek, Meelis Maripuu

  16. Baltic Property Trust - professionaalseim kinnisvara investeerimisfirma Baltimere piirkonnas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    BPT Eesti direktor Meelis Liivak Baltic Property Trusti (BPT) eesmärkidest, tegevusvaldkondadest ja tulevikuplaanidest. Kommenteerivad Alo Kullamaa, Priit Põldoja, Andres Järving ja Aivar Tomson. Lisa: Ajalugu

  17. Symposium on Wood Moisture Content - Temperature and Humidity Relationships Held at Blacksburg, Virginia on October 29, 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-29

    34Recommended We all know this figure, from Al Stamm’s book moisture-content averages for interior-fin- on ood and Cellulose Science, I’m sure. It ishing...is about Stamm: Wood and Cellulose Science 0.100 in. of mercury. Now, if temperature alone is increased, let’s say to 75’ F, EMC The second figure that...of as a st ruc tural sys ten involv ing f il/men/to//s tie ope’ra/tion of lesser it tractivye forces microfibrils , rmostly celliuloqir nd

  18. Crescimento e fenologia de espécies de Jatropha durante a estação chuvosa Growth and phenology of species of Jatropha during the rainy season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Messias F. de Queiroz

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Jatropha curcas L., Jatropha mollissima (Pohl Baill e Jatropha gossypiifolia L. são Euforbiáceas com potencial para produção de biodiesel e uso na indústria farmacêutica e em cosméticos. Objetivou-se, com este trabalho, avaliá-las em termos de crescimento e fenologia em pesquisa de campo. Adotou-se o delineamento experimental em blocos casualisados contendo na parcela 18 plantas e tendo área útil de 15 m². Nos estudos fenológicos das plantas foram consideradas as seguintes fases: estabelecimento/crescimento vegetativo, floração, frutificação e maturação/colheita. As fases fenológicas das espécies diferiram cronologicamente. Jatropha mollissima cresceu mais do que as outras espécies em altura de plantas enquanto Jatropha curcas cresceu mais em diâmetro caulinar. As maiores taxas de crescimento relativo em altura de plantas ocorreram durante o crescimento vegetativo com os maiores valores sendo registrados em Jatropha mollissima enquanto as maiores taxas de crescimento relativo, também no crescimento vegetativo, foram registradas em Jatropha curcas. As menores taxas de crescimento relativo em altura de plantas e diâmetro caulinar das espécies estudadas coincidiram com as fases reprodutivas.Jatropha curcas L., Jatropha mollissima (Pohl Baill and Jatropha gossypiifolia L. are Euphorbiaceae with potential for biodiesel production and use in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The aim of this study was to evaluate these species in terms of growth and phenology in a field experiment. In this study an experimental design of randomized blocks was adopted. The experimental plot had 18 plants and a useful plot area of 15 m². In the phenological studies of plants the following phases were considered: establishment/vegetative growth, flowering, fruiting and ripening/harvest. The phenological stages of the species differed chronologically. Jatropha mollissima outgrew the others in plant height, while Jatropha curcas outgrew the others in stem diameter. The highest relative growth rates in plant height occurred during vegetative growth, with the highest values being recorded in Jatropha mollissima, while the greatest relative growth rates also in vegetative growth were recorded in Jatropha curcas. The lowest relative growth rates in plant height and stem diameter of the studied species coincided with the reproductive phases.

  19. PATTERNS OF SEVEN AND COMPLICATED MALARIA IN CHILDREN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    confirm the importance of the four signs of cervicitis detected in this study. It is pertinent to observe that agents of urethritis such as N. gonorrhoea and C trachomatis causes cervicitis in women. This report agrees with Holmes and. Stamm (17), going by the level of correlation between C. trachomatis and the signs of cervicitis.

  20. Akhabue and Osubor (3)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Direct Compression Studies on Low Cost. Celluloses derived from Maize Cob. J. Pharm Sci Pharmacy Pract 2 : 26- 29. Stamm, A. F. (1964).. “Wood and Cellulose. Science”. New York: The Ronald Press. Company; pp. 132–65. Well, J. I. and Aulton, M.E. (1996). Preformulation. “Pharmaceutics –The Science of Dosage.

  1. Kyllinger har effektivt immunforsvar mod herpes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buchmann, Kurt

    2008-01-01

    Forskere ved Københavns Universitet, Fakultet for Biovidenskab har studeret kyllingens MHC molekyler og kan derigennem forklare hvorfor en særlig stamme indenfor denne art er modstandsdygtige mod en særlig herpesvirus. Udgivelsesdato: 18. januar 2008...

  2. Caractérisation saisonnière des eaux de puits à usage maraîchère ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Caractérisation saisonnière des eaux de puits à usage maraîchère et domestique de Korhogo (Côte d'Ivoire). Rachelle Ida Yapo, Véronique Mambo, Alfredo Carlos Alder, Marie Jeanne Ohou-Yao, Raymond Ligban, Daouda Dao, Christian Stamm, Bassirou Bonfoh ...

  3. Un lettore rozzo dell'Ur-Novellino

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toftgaard, Anders

    2007-01-01

    Håndskriftet Panciatichi 32 fra Nationalbiblioteket i Firenze, den ældste og vigtigste tekstkilde til 'Il Novellino', indeholder nogle tegn i margenen, som hidtil er blevet set som tilfældige tegn på tekstens modtagelsen blandt lokale handelsmænd. Det vises derimod her, hvordan tegnene ikke stamm...

  4. La storia di Griselda. Affinità genetiche e tipologiche

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Michel

    2012-01-01

    Griseldahistorien, oprindelig stammende fra Boccaccios Decameron, genfindes i mange litteraturer. Man har redegjort for forholdet mellem de forskellige versioner ved stemmaer. Et interessant aspekt er imidlertid at en version der ikke kan stamme ned fra en anden alligevel kan udvise slægtsskab me...

  5. H1N1 Influenza A hos mennesker og svin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Erik

    2009-01-01

    Den nye pandemiske influenza A stamme H1N1 er hovedsagelig et nyt virus, som spredes mellem mennesker, men virusset er formodentlig opstået ved blanding af to svineinfluenza-virus og har derfor bibeholdt evnen til at kunne smitte fra mennesker til svin og fra svin til svin. Det er derfor vigtigt...

  6. Production potentials of anti-Plesiomonas shigelloides antibody

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hope&shola

    2006-02-02

    Feb 2, 2006 ... Bader RE (1954). Uber die herstelling enies agglutnierenden serums gapen die Rundform von Shigella sonnei mit einem stamm der. Gattung Pseudomonas. Z. Hyg. 14: 450-456. Center for Disease Control (2003). Foodborne pathogenic microorganisms and natural toxins handbook. Atlanta, Gorgia. pp. 1-.

  7. Esimesed sada ministripäeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    SL Õhtuleht uuris ministritelt, kuidas nad uude ametisse sisse on elanud. Ministrite vastused: Juhan Parts, Toivo Maimets, Ken-Marti Vaher, Margus Hanson, Urmas Paet, Villu Reiljan, Meelis Atonen, Tiit Tammsaar, Tõnis Palts, Margus Leivo, Marko Pomerants, Kristiina Ojuland, Jaan Õunapuu, Paul-Eerik Rummo. Kommenteerivad: Eiki Nestor, Ain Seppik, Tarmo Loodus

  8. Saladusliku Sandu Hubani miljonid / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti ühe edukaima hokiklubi Välk 494 rahastaja Sandu Hubani alias Aleksandr Gubani tegevusest, ettevõtlusest ja äritegevusest. Lisad: Hubani osalused firmades; Ettevõtted, millega Huban enam seotud ei ole; Välk 494 seob Hubani ja tema äripartnereid. Kommenteerivad Meelis Birk, Enriko Lukecha, Aivo Pärn

  9. Millele pöörate eluaseme ostmisel ja üürimisel tähelepanu?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Brüsselis tööd otsiv Kadri Kuusk, Sampo Panga koolitusosakonna juhataja Külli Meier, finantsinspektsiooni osakonnajuhataja Andre Nõmm, Riigikogu liige Meelis Atonen, Palivere lastekodu juhataja Külle Saar, Helsingis töötav arst Jaak Kiviloog, Narva kooliõpetaja Julia Ivanova, maksu- ja tolliameti peaspetsialist Tiiu Kilk

  10. Idea juht eitas maksupettust / Inge Rumessen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumessen, Inge

    2002-01-01

    Reklaamiagentuuri Idea juht Mark Eikner eitas kohtuistungil seost mitmemiljonilise maksupettuse skeemiga möödunud kohalike valimiste ajal. Kohtuprotsess Meelis Siidirätsepa üle, kes OÜ Rescue juhina jättis tasumata 1,5 milj. krooni käibemaksu

  11. Hotell Hilton Tallinn Park / Kersti Pikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikk, Kersti

    2016-01-01

    Äriklassihotellide ketti Hilton kuuluv hotell Tallinnas. Arhitektuurse lahenduse autor Meelis Press. Interjööri kujundasid Soome büroo dSign Vertti Kivi & Co ja Allianss Arhitektid. Hotelli tube ja üldalasid kaunistavad Katrin Karu ja Maria Simsoni maalid

  12. Tulge vaatama filme eesti kunstnikest!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    24. V Tallinna Kunstihoones filmiprogramm: Peeter Brambat "Müütide mäss", 2002 (Lembit Sarapuust); Rühm+0 (režissöör Meelis Salujärv) "Erki Kasemets", 2002; Mari Sobolev ja Jasper Zoova "The Kids of Rock'n roll", 2000; Tiina Kolgi portreesaade "Õnne sünnipäevaks, Tiina Tammetalu"

  13. Filmifestival viib vaataja maailma eri nurkadesse / Kerttu Jänese

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänese, Kerttu, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    V festivali "Maailmafilm", mis algab 24. märtsil Eesti Rahva Muuseumi näitusemajas Tartus, tutvustab selle tegevjuht Taavi Tatsi. Filmidest : esilinastuvad Meelis Muhu "Aljosha" ja Liivo Niglase, Diane Perlovi ja Frode Storaasi "Kalarahvas". Kavas on ka kolm eriprogrammi: kirjanikud filmis, klassiku Timothy Aschi looming ja 8 filmi inimesest linnas

  14. "Cremaster' tsükkel" : Matthew Barney avastusretk kunsti ja filmikunsti vahealal / Miriam Dagan ; tõlk. Epp Aareleid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dagan, Miriam

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika kunstniku ja režissööri kunstnikufilmidest "Cremaster' tsükkel" (1994-2002). Viie tsükli põhisündmusest. Viienda filmi rekvisiitor oli Meeli Salumäe, Kostabi Maailma assistent New Yorgis

  15. Me suudame ajaga kaasas käia / interv. Ene Riet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Eesti raamatukoguhoidjate VIII kongressi (9.-10. juuni 2002) delegaatitelt küsiti arvamust Eesti raamatukogunduse kohta, vastasid: Kalli Kuhi, Sirje Okapuu, Toomas Liivamägi, Sirje Lauring-Vaska, Helve Sreiberg, Irina Kruusla, Ädu Neemre, Tiit Margna, Valentina Brovina, Asko Tamme, Meeli Veskus

  16. A mozhet razvesti eti dva deistvija vo vremeni?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eestis on lõppemas üleminekuperiood Euroopa Liidu ema- ja tütarettevõte direktiivi kasutuselevõtmiseks. Kaks arvamust: direktiiv lihtsalt kasutusele võtta või samaaegselt teha ka muudatus maksusüsteemi. Arvamust avaldavad: Aivar Sõerd, Taavi Veskimägi, Meelis Atonen ja Vladimir Vaingort

  17. Tummfilmiklassika kohtub maailmamuusikaga / Andreas Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Festivalist "Tummfilmid tõstavad häält", mis kestab 19.02.-5.03.2011. Filmi "Inimene filmikaameraga" (Venemaa, 1929) uushelindab Dead Combo, "Noored Kotkad" (Eesti, 1927/2008) Meelis Vind (Eesti) ja Napoleon Maddox (USA), "Berliin, suurlinna sümfoonia" (Saksamaa, 1927) ÖÄK, "Antenn" (Argentina, 2007) Argento Tango Fusion

  18. Ühe sümptomi kirjeldus - Sillamäe Jeanne D'Arc / Karol Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ansip, Karol

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm Sillamäe pensionäride ühenduse aktivisti Esja Shuri võitlusest oma õiguste eest "Meeleavaldaja" : stsenarist, režissöör ja produtsent Meelis Muhu : operaator Erik Norkroos : In Ruum 2003. Lisatud andmed M. Muhu senise loomingu kohta lk. 112

  19. "Magnus" lummas Riia vaatajaid / Kristi Leppik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Kristi

    2008-01-01

    Kadri Kõusaare Cannes'i programmis esilinastunud debüütfilmi "Magnus" esilinastuselt Läti väärtfilmikinos Cinema Riga, kus kohal olid režissöör ning peaosatäitja Kristjan Kasearu. Lisatud Meelis Muhu "Arvamus"

  20. Kriisikoldeid kustutab (teatri)mäng / Rait Avestik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Avestik, Rait, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Itaallaste Nino d’Introna ja Giacomo Ravicchio teksti põhjal valminud seiklusloost „Robinson & Crusoe”, tõlkinud Kirke Org, lavastanud Aare Toikka. Esietendus 27. nov. 2009 VAT-teatris. Mängivad Meelis Põdersoo ja Ago Soots

  1. Karmel Eikner seljatab Stockmanni! / Lea Veelma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veelma, Lea, 1947-2007

    2006-01-01

    Karmel Eikneri koostöö Stockmanni kaubamajaga on lõppemas: kaubamaja korjas müügilt tema brändi Powered by Karmel tooted ja süüdistab ärinaist omavolilises allahindluses. Vandeadvokaadi Meelis Pirni sõnul on Stockmann rikkunud koostöölepingut

  2. Uued kõrghooned Rocca al Mares / Harri Treial

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treial, Harri

    2003-01-01

    Arhitektuuribüroo Künnapu & Padrik projekteeritud viiest hoonest Vabaõhumuuseumi tee 4 on esimesed valmis.Vabaõhumuuseumi tee 5 kerkib kaks 12-korruselist elamut, mille autoriks on AS Nord Projekt arhitekt Meeli Truu. Sisekujundaja Eerik Olle. 3 ill

  3. VES magas Riias

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Valie Export Society (Kadi Estland, Killu Sukmit, Marko Laimre, Meelis Salujärv) osales 9.-11. V Riias toimunud rahvusvahelisel üritusel "6th element" remake-aktsiooniga. Performance'itega esinesid Sara Lunden Rootsist, Kate Pendry Norrast, Jenia Svetlova Venemaalt, Solomia Savtshuk ja Natalia Golibroda Ukrainast

  4. Kaubamaja "Lemon" - Arco Ärikeskus : Estonia pst. 1, Tallinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    1958. a. valminud hoone rekonstrueerimine. Projekteerija: EA Reng. Arhitekt Martin Aunin. Ehituskonstruktsioonid: Riho Märtson. Insenertehnilised osad: Karmo Pajo, Maarika Kurvits, Eha Treial. Valgusinstallatsioon: Meeli Kõiva. Kaupluste mööbel, kohtvalgustus: Priit Põldme, Ants Tolli, Ruth-Helene Kaasik, Hugo Mitt, Mart Vesker, Tarmo Piirmets. Projekt 2001, valmis 2002. I korruse põhiplaan, 4 vaadet

  5. Viljandi ilusamad ja inetumad uusehitised võhikute pilgu läbi / Gert Kiiler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiiler, Gert

    2007-01-01

    Viimase kümne aasta uusehitisi Viljandis hindavad Meelis Atonen, Jaan Tammsalu, Anu Raud, Erge Hanschmidt, Priit Aule ja sisearhitekt Hannes Praks. Ilusaimaks tunnistati Mainori keskus ja Linna Auto maja. Konkurentsis viimane oli bussijaama hoone. Lisaks Gert Kiileri "Hoone ilu sõltub paljudest nüanssidest"

  6. The Estonian Tax System is Under Attack / Craig Rawlings, Daria Sivovol, Kersti Harkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rawlings, Craig

    2006-01-01

    Ameerika, Briti ja Rootsi Kaubanduskojad Eestis ning Prantsuse-Eesti Äriklubi korraldasid seminari, kus Eesti maksusüsteemi tuleviku üle arutasid 15 põhiesinejat ning üle saja osavõtja. Väljavõte sessioonist, kus vastajateks olid Meelis Atonen, Eiki Nestor, Tarmo Kriis ja Vahur Kraft. Lisa: Esinejate tutvustus

  7. Atonen viiks netiühenduse igasse metsatallu / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2004-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Meelis Atonen kavatseb kohtuda Bratsislavas peetaval Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikide IT-ministrite ümarlaual Microsofti juhi Bill Gatesiga, et tekitada temas huvi e-Eesti idee vastu ning teha ettepanek muuta Microsofti ärimudelit nii, et tarkvara hinnad oleksid kodutarbijatele soodsamad ja paindlikumad

  8. Puls Breweryl on vurts väljas / Asso Puidet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puidet, Asso, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    AS Puls Brewery tegevjuht Meelis Pihel tunnistab, et loogiliseks sammuks oleks ettevõttel liituda mõne suurema korporatsiooniga. Diagramm: Pärnu õlletootmise tõusud ja mõõnad. Lisa: Ütlemised läbi aastatel

  9. Internet nagu postiteenus / Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ammas, Anneli, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Meelis Atoneni sõnul peaks Interneti-teenus muutuma sarnaseks postiteenusega, millel on ühtne hind üle Eesti. Bill Gates on huvitatud Eesti ettepanekust pakkuda Eesti kodutarbijale tarkvara tervikpaketist vaid seda osa, mida tarbija tegelikult kasutab

  10. Erakondade kohalikud juhid prognoosivad jah-tulemust / Erik Gamzejev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 13. sept. lk. 1, 4. Eesti suuremate erakondade Ida-Virumaa piirkonnaorganisatsioonide juhid on veendunud 14. septembril 2003 toimuva euroreferendumi positiivses tulemuses. Rein Aidma Reformierakonnast, Meelis Goldberg Isamaaliidust, Erika Kruup Res Publicast, Etti Kagarov Rahvaliidust ja Eevi Paasmäe Keskerakonnast avaldavad oma mõtteid

  11. Sakraalne ruum / Aleksander Sprohgis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sprohgis, Aleksander

    2011-01-01

    Töö sihiks oli kaardistada mõningaid aspekte küsimusest, kuidas inimesed kogevad jumalat. Kirjeldatakse sakraalset ruumi kui kohta, kus otsitakse tunnetuslikku kontakti, vaadeldakse inimese minapilti ja tunnetuses toimuvat, analüüsides erinevaid meeli ning lõpuks püütakse läbi isikliku kogemuse uurida ja seletada oma tunnetust sakraalses ruumis

  12. Eesti tööstuse areng on vaid kohalike ettevõtjate kätes / interv. Raul Kalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke : Tehnika i Proizvodstvo 9. juuni lk. 1,4-5. Vestlusringis Eesti tööstuse perspektiividest osalesid majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts, lehtmetalli töötleva AS Favor omanik Almar Proos, AS Baltika juht Meelis Milder ja tööandjate keskliidu juht Tarmo Kriis

  13. Eesti lastefilm sai UNICEFi auhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    A Film Eesti laste lühianimafilm (režissöörid Aina Järvine ja Meelis Arulepp) tunnistati parimaks haridus- ja sotsiaalteemaliseks filmiks 19.-22. aprillini Itaalias toimunud "Cartoons on the Bay" festivalil ja sai Pulcinella auhinna. Praegu luuakse selle filmi tegelastega telesarja

  14. Eesti animafilm võitis UNICEFi auhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    A Film Eesti lastelühianimafilm (režissöörid Aina Järvine ja Meelis Arulepp) tunnistati parimaks haridus- ja sotsiaalteemaliseks filmiks 19.-22. aprillini Itaalias toimunud "Cartoons on the Bay" festivalil ja sai Pulcinella auhinna

  15. Lühianimafilm "Väike lühinägelik boamadu" võitis UNICEF-i auhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    A Film Eesti lastelühianimafilm (loo autor Andry Ervald, režissöörid Aina Järvine ja Meelis Arulepp) tunnistati parimaks haridus- ja sotsiaalteemaliseks filmiks 19.-22. aprillini Itaalias toimunud "Cartoons on the Bay" festivalil ja sai Pulcinella auhinna

  16. Kujundusideid / Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti sisearhitektide Annes Arro, Jorma Holmi, Kaire Kemp-Tishleri (kamina sepised Heigo Jelle), Andro Kööbi, Rein Lauri (seintel Anne Parmasto ja Rein Kelpmanni maalid), Taso Mähari (eramu arhitekt Emil Urbel, seinal Lemming Nageli maal "Punane joon all - Burn Out"), Eerik Olle, Meelis Pressi ja Anu Vainomäe kujundatud elutoad. 33 värv. ill

  17. Kiievis esilinastus Eesti-Ukraina koostöömängufilm lastele / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    29. veebruaril toimus Kiievis Ukraina - Eesti täispika mängufilmi-muinasjutu "Aheldatud muinasjutt" ("Prikolna kazka") esilinastus : režissöör Roman Shirman : eestipoolne produtsent Marianna Kaat. Eesti näitlejatest teeb kaasa Merle Palmiste. Esilinastusel käisid M. Kaat ja Meelis Muhu

  18. Tshto ostalos za kadrom / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2003-01-01

    Sillamäe kultuurikeskuses näidati uut dokumentaalfilmi Sillamäe pensionäride ühenduse aktivisti Esja Shuri võitlusest oma õiguste eest "Meeleavaldaja" : režissöör ja produtsent Meelis Muhu : operaator Erik Norkroos : In Ruum 2003

  19. Priz za individualnost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Konkursi "Aasta betoonehitis 2005" võitjad. Peaauhinna sai arhitekt Meelis Press, parimaks betoonehitiseks tunnistati tema projekteeritud büroohoone Pirital. Eriauhinnad arhitektuuri eest said arhitektuuribüroo QP Arhitektid, arhitektid Tõnu Laigu ja Tõnu Laanemäe ning arhitektuuribüroo 3+1 Arhitektid

  20. Poola pole Ignalina plaane lukku löönud / Piotr Wozniak ; interv. Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wozniak, Piotr

    2007-01-01

    Äsja laialisaadetud Poola valitsuse majandusministri sõnul soovib Poola olla Ignalina tuumaelektrijaama projektis aktiivne investor, st Poola soovib teatud osa selle kavandatavast võimsusest, minimaalselt 1000 MW. Meelis Atonen, Villu Reiljan ja Evelyn Sepp vastavad küsimusele, kas Ignalina suudab põlevkivienergiat asendada

  1. Suur langevari tagab pehme maandumise / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2003-01-01

    Arutletakse, kuidas muuta riigiametitest või -ettevõtetest lahkuvatele tippjuhtidele makstavate lahkumishüvitiste süsteemi. Arvamust avaldavad rahandusministeeriumi ettevõtluse talitluse juhataja Hjalmar Liivik, AS-i Eesti Post juhatuse esimees Alo Streimann ning majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Meelis Atonen.

  2. Eesti reklaamide best of... / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti reklaamikampaaniad: 1. http//www.assapauk.ee/. Mina olen pedofiil; 2. Vichy vesi. Mullnaised; 3. A le Coq Special. Usalda oma meeli; 4. SMS-laen. Kvaliteetinimene tarbib kvaliteetteenust; 5. Värska vurts. Preester ja koolitüdruk

  3. Poliitilised väljapressijad / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 27. okt. nr. 43 lk. 158-159. Ajakirjaniku leiud Rahvusliku Koonderakonna Isamaa 1991-1995 aastate arhiivis, erakonna sponsorid. Lisa: 451 000 krooni Isamaale. Riigiga seotud firmade annetused. Ilmunud ka: Meelis Atoneni repliiki 26. okt. Eesti Ekspress lk. A8

  4. Saaremaa - kokkuhoidev kogukond

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Saaremaa Politseiprefektuuri töötajad Ants Ley, Meelis Juhandi, Hillar Peegel, Juri Krotman, Veigo Väli, Rainer Antsaar ja Riina Paju. Koostööpartneritena kommenteerivad Prits Liblik, Taivo Vaik, Toomas Luik ja Toomas Kasemaa. Vt. samas: Ajalooline Kuressaare politseimaja

  5. Estlink sea cable project to proceed / Aleksei Gunter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gunter, Aleksei, 1979-

    2003-01-01

    29. augustil kohtusid Tallinnas Soome kaubandus- ja tööstusminister Mauri Pekkarinen ja Eesti Vabariigi majandusminister Meelis Atonen, et välja töötada Soome-Eesti merealuse kaabli Estlink'i projekti üksikasjad

  6. Romaanid võistu rebimas - August Jakobsonist Sass Hennoni / Jaak Urmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urmet, Jaak, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    2004. a. romaanivõistluse esikoharomaan on Sass Henno "Mina olin siin", teine koht: Olavi Ruitlane "Kaval-Peeter ja Vene-Pagan", kolmas koht: Meelis Friedenthal "Kuldne aeg". Sisaldab võitjate nimekirja 1979-2004 ja andmeid noorte silmapaistvate autorite kohta: Kaarel Kressa, Toomas Verrev, Priit Kruus, Rolf Liiv, André Trinity, Jana Lepik,

  7. Suur fondijuhtide ülevaade

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Küsimustele vastavad Toomas Reisenbuk, Valdur Jaht, Mehis Raud, Siim Valner, Vahur Madisson, Meelis Angerma, Alo Kullamaa, Endriko Võrklaev, Arne Randmaa, Andrei Zaborski, Robert Kitt, Fabio Filipozzi, Martin Hendre, Piotr Chorzewski, Artjom Saia, Aari Stalde ja Märten Kress

  8. Goskontrol : võplatõ za zagrjaznenije ne pobuzhdajut predprijatija sokratit võbrossõ / Külli Kriis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kriis, Külli, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Riigikontrolli hinnangul ei ole saastetasud üldjuhul välisõhu saastamist ja jäätmete tekitamist vähendanud, kuna oluliselt odavam on saastamine kinni maksta kui keskkonnasõbralikku tehnoloogiasse investeerida. Kommenteerivad ASi VKG tehnikadirektor Meelis Eldermann ja OÜ Kiviõli Keemiatööstus keskkonnakaitse peaspetsialist Kersti Salulaid

  9. Baltika kaubamärgid on lõpuks ometi kasumis / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    Baltika juhatuse esimehe Meelis Milderi esinemisest aktsionäride üldkoosolekul. Viimasel kahel kuul on Baltika kulumieelne ärikasum olnud positiivne. Kasumlikkus on paranenud ja kahjum oluliselt vähenenud. Firma kaalub ettevõtte Poola turu sulgemist. Võimalikust koostööst ettevõtte nõukogu uue liikme ja aktsionäri Edoardo Miroglioga

  10. Näiliselt leppinud partnerid ootavad kiiresti uut ministrit / Tuuli Koch, Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Järgmiseks määravaks sammuks valitsuskoalitsiooni püsimise suhtes võib kujuneda uue välisministri kandidaadi nimetamine. Lisa: Ansip jäi oma seisukoha juurde. Vt. samas: Võitlus Meelis Atoneni ja Andrus Ansipi vahel; lühiintervjuud peaminister Juhan Partsiga

  11. Glaskeki hoone sai üürilise / Alyona Stadnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadnik, Alyona

    2011-01-01

    Swedbank Grupi kinnisvarahaldusettevõte Ektornet sõlmis üürilepingu puitmajade tootjatega AS Lasita Maja, mille kohaselt viimane toob oma tootmised Glaskeki Tartu tootmisüksusesse. Tehingut kommenteerivad AS Lasita Maja juhataja Kaido Maisvee ja Ektornet Management Estonia OÜ juhataja Meelis Šokman

  12. Omanikud lõpetavad skandaalse firma Kuressaare Golf tegevuse / Andres Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Andres, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    AS Kuressaare Golf likvideeritakse, sest Põduste jõe äärde kavandatud golfiväljaku ehitamise plaanid sumbusid, kuna firma aktsionäride vahel tekitas tüli rahakantimise kahtlus. Kommenteerib AS-i Kuressaare Golf juhatuse liige Meelis Põlda

  13. Tammistust saab puuetega laste peremõis / Helju Koger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koger, Helju, 1943-

    2007-01-01

    Tammistu mõisast, kuhu Eesti Agrenska Fond rajab puuetega laste pere- ja koolituskeskust. Mõisa ajaloost lühidalt, pargi korrastamisest, hilisklassitsistliku häärberi renoveerimistööde seisust, tulevasest perekeskusest. Salongis on säilinud kappkemmerg. Kommenteerib Meelis Joost Eesti Agrenska Fondist. 11 vaadet

  14. Aasta betoonehitis 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Aasta betoonehitiseks valiti TTP kontorihoone Tallinnas Pirital (Mähe tee 1), arhitekt Meelis Press. Eriauhinnad pälvisid arhitektuuribüroo QP Arhitektid (arhitektid Tõnu Laigu, Tõnu Laanemäe) AS Coal Terminal peahoone eest Muuga sadamas ja arhitektuuribüroo 3 + 1 Arhitektid eramu eest Magasini kvartalis Tallinnas

  15. Eurovisiooni vaheklipid tõid ETV-le Aumuna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Mulluse Eurovisiooni lauluvõistluse Tallinna kontserdi vaheklipid said Eesti reklaamiauhindade Kuldmuna jagamisel Aumuna. Üks vaheklippidest "Saabastega kass", mille režissöörid on René Vilbre ja Meelis Arulepp, valiti maineka Annecy animafilmifestivali nominentide hulka. 2 klippi valiti Norras Fredrikstadis toimuva animafestivali programmi. Praegu teeb Rene Vilbre koos võttegrupiga Euroopa Liidu referendumi teemalisi klippe

  16. Innovaatiliste äriideede konkursi võitjad / Varje Sootak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sootak, Varje, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Ettevõtjatele, teadlastele ja üliõpilastele korraldatud NETS (New Entrepreneurs in Technology and Science) ettevõtlusprogrammi innovaatiliste äriideede konkursil selgusid 15 parimat, kellest mitmed on Tartu Ülikooli üliõpilased ja töötajad: Anton Litvinenko, Fred Valk, Madis Kauts, Mario Plaas, Marko Daljajev, Meelis Kaldalu, Reigo Ginter, Tanel Tarkmees

  17. Elu nagu filmis - ainult selline, mida te endale ei sooviks / Eva Kübar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübar, Eva

    2009-01-01

    20.-25. jaanuarini toimunud Helsingi dokumentaalfilmifestival DocPoint. Eesti filmidest oli festivalil Meelis Muhu "Aljoša". Pikemalt India filmist "India kuningas" ("King of India", režissöör Arvind Sinha), Uus-Meremaa filmist "Staarikunstnik ning sudaani kaksikud" ("The Art Star and the Sudanese twins", režissöör Pietra Brettkelly)

  18. Saku Suurhall Rocca al Mares = Saku Suurhall in Rocca al Mare / Inga Raukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raukas, Inga, 1967-

    2001-01-01

    Peaprojekteerija, detailplaneering: Nord Projekt AS. Arhitektid Esa Viitanen (Soome), Andres Kariste, kaastöö: Meeli Truu, Loomet Raudsepp. Sisekujundus: Eero Jürgenson, Maarja Valk-Falk, Tambet Pedak, ARS Interjöörprojekt. Konstruktsioonid: Kaido Kuusiku, Tiit Arumäe, Aive Sau, Jaan Port. Projekteerimise projektijuht Andres Mikker. Projekt 1999-2001, valmis 2001. 9 ill

  19. Ольга Темникова прглашает на одну ночь / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2009-01-01

    Olga Temnikova kunstniku (naine) ja kunstiarmastaja (mees) suhet kajastavast maalinäitusest "One Night Stand" Tallinna Linnagaleriis. Kaasautorid on Kivisildnik ja Ilja Nartov. Kunstiprojekti tekstiosaks on Kivisildniku miniatuurteos „Meelis ja Vjatško”. Ilja Nartov illustreerib oma maaliloominguga olukorda, kuidas kunstiarmastaja võib hakkama saada ka ilma kunstnikuta

  20. Lavakad, 23. lend / Eva Kübar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübar, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia lavakunstikooli XXIII lennu lõpetajatest - näitlejad Marek Tammets, Ago Soots, Agnes Aaliste, Martin Mill, Andres Oja, Juss Haasma, Maarja Mitt, Meelis Põdersoo, Jekaterina Novosjolova, Elina Pähklimägi ja Kristo Viiding, dramaturgid Marion Jõepera, Mart Kase ja Maria Lee Liivak ning lavastajad Robert Annus ja Uku Uusberg

  1. Театр Вильде играет на русском языке / Лилия Крысина

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Крысина, Лилия

    2011-01-01

    Tartu näitemänguselts Vilde Teater tõi märtsis 2011 lavale Anton Tšehhovi "Onu Vanja", milles kõlas ka vene keel. Uuel hooajal on teatril kavas kaks venekeelset lavastust - lastele "Kuu muinasjutt", lavastaja Meelis Hansing ja F. X. Kroetzi "Ülem-Austria"

  2. Eesti põrsad Hiinas / Janno Roos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2009-01-01

    Shanghai EXPO Eesti paviljoni konkursi võidutööst "Savecity.org". Võidutöö autorid Illimar Truverk AET-Arhitektid, Priit Hamer AET-Arhitektid, Janno Roos Ruumilabor, Andres Labi Ruumilabor, Ionel Lehari Identity, Kristian Paljasma Identity, Meelis Opmann Identity ja Maret Põldre Identity

  3. Soojalt sojast / Ülle Hõbemägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hõbemägi, Ülle

    2008-01-01

    Sojast, sojatoodetest ning sojatoitudest räägivad aroomterapeut ja massöör Marge Teder, Soya Foods Baltic OÜ müügidirektor Meeli Matsalu, tudeng ja taimetoitlane Loore-Emilie Raav ning Angelica Udeküll

  4. Effect of UV-irradiation on DNA-membrane complex of Bacillus subtilis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chefranova, O.A.; Gaziev, A.I.

    1979-01-01

    The UV radiation effect on DNA membrane complex of Bacillus subtilis has been studied. Increase of DNA content in the DNA membrane complex in two strains of 168 and recA - and its decrease in the polA - strain are shown. The above effect in the first two stamms is suppressed with caffeine and correlates with the change in protein content in the DNA membrane complex, determined by a radioactive label, but not lipids in other words, fixation of DNA and membrane goes through proteins. Capability of DNA content increase in the DNA membrane complex after UV irradiation and subsequent bacteria incubation in a total medium correlates with the relative sensitivity of stamm UV sensitivity. It is suggested, that the reparation synthesis goes in cells on the membrane and that binding of DNA and the membrane is necessary for the normal DNA reparation process

  5. Novel Approaches to Preventing Urinary Tract Infection in Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-09-01

    mucosa and a alterations in the proportion of cells demonstrating basal and parabasal morphologies. There is a loss of lactobacillus colonization and an...665-670. 14. Andreu A, Stapleton AE, Fennell CL, Hillier SL, Stamm WE. Hemagglutination, adherence and surface of vaginal Lactobacillus species. J... lactose , lactosamine, ferase activity with CDH, compared with uninfected cells or and benzyl P3-lactoside revealed no significant activity over cells

  6. Clinical Investigation Program Report FY90

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-10-01

    relationship to the mandibular second premolar. J Endodon 1990; 16(5):221-223. DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINE Johnson SC, Stamm CP, Hicks CB: Tuberculous Psoas ...McPherson JC III: Pluronic polyols added to whole blood alters red blood cell deformability. First World Cong Biomechanics , San Diego, CA, 30 Aug - 4...Clinical Investigation Anatomy Dept, MCG Key Words: Electron microscopy, Cadmium, Teratology Accumulative MEDCASE Est Accumulative Periodic Sep 90

  7. Novel Approaches to Preventing Urinary Tract Infection in Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-09-01

    Acad Sci USA 1988;85:6157-6161. 8. Boren T, Falk P, Roth KA, Larson G, Normark S. Attachment of Helicobacter pylori to human gastric epithelium...plasma membrane. They serve as eukaryotic cell adhesion sites for many pathogens and their toxins, including E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Helicobacter ...women. Postgrad Med J 1972;48:69-75. 2. Stamm WE, McKevitt M, Roberts PL, White NJ. Natural history of recurrent urinary tract infections in women

  8. I mørket en hunds hyl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borchmann, Simon

    2006-01-01

    Følgende sætning stammer fra en litterær tekst: 'for det var naturligvis hende jeg holdt med'. Men i princippet kunne den lige så godt stamme fra en ikke-litterær tekst, og under alle omstændigheder er den sprogligt set identisk med en mængde af sætninger der optræder i den dagligsproglige sprogb...

  9. Die Wirkung von Desacetylcefotaxin, einem Metaboliten von Cefotaxim, in vitro und auf die experimentelle Infektion mit Escherichia coli

    OpenAIRE

    Wirbelauer, J.; Hof, H.; Hacker, Jörg

    2009-01-01

    Die MHK-Werte von Desacetylcefotaxim gegen verschiedene, z. T. ampicillinresistente Stämme von Escherichia coH, die mit Hilfe einer Agardilutionsmethode erhoben wurden, waren höher als die von Cefotaxim und Ceftriaxon, jedoch niedriger als die von Cefoxitin. In einem Modell der systemischen Infektion der Maus mit einem plasmidtragenden, betalactamaseproduzierenden Stamm von E. coli führte die Therapie mit Desacetylcefotaxim zu einer starken Reduktion der Keime pro Leber. Im Vergleich zur Ther...

  10. In vitro und in vivo Charakterisierung von Endothelvorläuferzellen

    OpenAIRE

    Frauenschuh, Jörg

    2006-01-01

    Die Bedeutung der klinischen Forschung an Stamm- und Vorläuferzellen besonders im Bereich der Geweberegeneration hat im Laufe der letzten Jahre deutlich zugenommen. Stammzellen aus adulten Organismen werden in endodermale, ectodermale und mesodermale Stammzellen, welche endotheliale Vorläuferzellen bilden, unterschieden. Diese Vorläuferzellen wurden in der vorliegenden Arbeit auf Transkriptions- und Translationsebene charakterisiert. Ihre Funktion bei der Angiogenese, speziell der Tumorangiog...

  11. Vetores selváticos de doença de Chagas na área urbana de Manaus (AM: atividade de vôo nas estações secas e chuvosas Chagas' disease wild vectors in the urban area of Manaus, State of Amazonas, Brazil: flight activities in dry and rainy seasons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maricleide de F. Naiff

    1998-02-01

    Full Text Available Adultos de Rhodnius prolixus, R. pictipes e Panstrongylus geniculatus encontrados em casas em Manaus apresentam altas taxas de infecção por Trypanosoma cruzi. Rhodnius spp não apresentavam sazonalidade acentuada, porém os encontros de machos de P. geniculatus eram muito mais freqüentes na estação seca.Adults of Rhodnius prolixus, R. pictipes and Panstrongylus geniculatus found in houses in Manaus have high rates of Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Rhodnius spp. were found throughout the year, but males of P. geniculatus were significantly more frequent in the dry season.

  12. Raskustes ASil on OÜst vähem jaksu ellu jääda / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Kadri Männasoo doktoritööst selgub, et kuigi aktsiaseltsidel tuleb täita suuremat omakapitalinõuet, on need osaühingutest väiksema jätkusuutlikkusega. Seaduspära kehtib, kui võrrelda varade mahult sama suuri ettevõtteid. Diagramm: AS-ide OÜ-ks ümberkujundamiste arv. Kommenteerib Meelis Mullaste

  13. Lühinägelik boamaopoiss müttab festivalidel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    A Film Eesti joonisfilm "Väike lühinägelik boamadu" (loo autor Andry Ervald, režissöörid Aina Järvine ja Meelis Arulepp) on üks viiest Pulcinella auhinna 2007 nominendist Itaalia animafilmifestivalil Cartoons on the Bay. Detsembris 2006 osales film IX olümpia rahvusvahelisel laste- ja noortefilmide festivalil, kus žürii valis ta parimaks lühianimafilmiks

  14. Ülemiste järve esitlev elegantne hotell : Lennujaama tee 2, Tallinn = An Elegant Hotel that Presents Lake Ülemiste : Lennujaama tee 2, Tallinn / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2004-01-01

    Aerofloti hotelli kohale ja osalt vana maja konstruktsioonidele ehitatud Ülemiste hotellist. Hotelli ees on parkla ja purskkaevuga väljak. Projekteerija: EA Reng, projektijuht Taavi Turvas. Arhitekt Martin Aunin. Sisekujundus: Meelis Press, Hillar Mänd (M. Pressi Arhitektuuribüroo). Konstruktsioonid: Inseneribüroo Pike. Ehitaja: FKSM. I, II ja III korruse plaan, 3 välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  15. Kõik ei ole action / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Noorte videoprojektidest. Marko Laimre ja Andrus Kõresaare "Egoistically Correct", ainus actionil rajanev video. Jasper Zoova "Sheeps Are Everywhere". J. Zoova ja Tarrvi Laamannni "Fuck". Karol Kallase kureeritud näitusel "Kunstnik tapab koletise" "Kullo" galeriis olnud Jan Bergi, Meelis Salujärve, Al Paldroki videod, Andrus Joonase töö põhjal tehtud Kiwa video "Kunstnik tapab koletise". Publiku soov vaatemängu järele.

  16. Uudised : Tüüri esiettekanne Frankfurdis. Corelli Musicult "Jõulud mõisas"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    22., 23. ja 24. nov. Frankfurdi Alte Operis esiettekandele tulevast Erkki-Sven Tüüri uuest "Klaverikontserdist". Eesti-Tšiili trio Raivo Tafenau - Meelis Vind - Ricardo Padilla kontsertidest sarja "Mõisaromantika" raames 25. nov. Taagepera lossis Valgamaal, 26. nov. Tõstamaa mõisas Pärnumaal ja 16. dets. Vihterpalu mõisas Harjumaal. Hans Neuenfelsi lavastatud Mozarti ooperist "Idemeneo" Deutsche Operis Berliinis. Inglise ansambli Procol Harumi hiti "A Whiter Shade of Pale" autoriõigustest

  17. Eesti edukaimad arhitektid / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Edukaimad Eesti arhitektuuribürood ärikasumi järgi: 1. Nord Projekt; 2. AB Kalle Rõõmus; 3. RTG Projektbüroo. Arhitektuuribüroo Nord Projekt tegevust tutvustavad Andres Saar ja Meeli Truu. AB Kalle Rõõmus arhitektuuribüroo tähtsamaid töid tutvustab Kalle Rõõmus. RTG Projektbüroo tegevust tutvustab Sander Nurk

  18. Millest mõtled, raamatukoguhoidja?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastavad RR normandmete osakonna juhataja Sirje Nilbe, TÜR üld- ja arendusosakonna peaspetsialist Ilona Smuškina, EAR baltikaosakonna vanembibliograaf Katrin Kaugver, TTÜR komplekteerimisosakonna juhataja Meelis Ideon ; nr. 6: Tartu Linna Keskraamatukogu väliseesti kirjanduse osakonna peaspetsialist Tiina Tarik, Valga Keskraamatukogu peaspetsialist Kristi Simpson, Viljandi Linnaraamatukogu peaspetsialist Linda Sarapuu, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu võõrkeelse kirjanduse osakonna juhataja Ludmilla Kapatsõna

  19. Seitse luuleraamatut, seitse debüüti / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Teede, Andra. Takso Tallinna taevas. Luige : Verb, 2006 ; Vabat, Martin. Mina olengi kirjandusklassik. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts, 2006 ; Kangro, Maarja. Kurat õrnal lumel. Luige : Verb, 2006 ; Ojasaar, Krista. Hommikused unenäod. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Korts, Eliina. Lööklaused murravad metsi. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts, 2006 ; Piik, Paavo. Kummuli linnad. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006 ; Oidsalu, Meelis. Jumala kihvt luulekogu. Tallinn : Sirp ja Vaseliin, 2006

  20. Rõivatööstuse TOP 50 aastal 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Vt. samas artiklid: Meelis Virkebau. Rõiva- ja tekstiilitööstuses puuduvad lihtsad lahendused; Euratex: traditsioonilise tööstuse maht üha väheneb; Ketlin Priilinn. Rõivatootja ja Baltika teeb tõhusaid edusamme ka jaekaupmehena; SG Balticum panustab vabadust hindavatele klientidele; Lenne paigutas maailma aktsiaturgudel edukalt raha. Tabel: Rõivatööstuse ettevõtete üld- ja finantsandmed

  1. Rüütli-Luukase leppe konkreetseteks võitjateks saavad haridus ja noored / Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojakivi, Mirko

    2003-01-01

    Ühiskondlikust leppest. Tartu Ülikooli rektori Jaak Aaviksoo, Keskerakonna juhatuse liikme Evelyn Sepp'a, Reformierakonna aseesimees Meelis Atoneni, Isamaliidu esimees Tunne Kelami ja Res Publica volikogu esimees Urmas Reinsalu kommentaarid. Samas: Kes võidavad leppest? ; Aadu Luukas: tänane on alles pika tee algus ; Keskerakond ütles lõplikult "ei" ; Ühiskondliku kokkuleppe teksti viimane versioon

  2. Investor, mine rahaga Venemaale ja Poola / Liis Kängsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kängsepp, Liis, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Analüütikud soovitavad investeerida Venemaa, Poola, Brasiilia või USA aktsiaturgudele, Balti riikide suhtes ollakse aga umbusklikud. Vt. samas: Kas nüüd lõpuks on põhi käes? Raivo Sormunen. Aktsiaturu languse põhjused; Aktsiate ostmise A&O; Diagramm: Börside langus. Kommenteerivad Meelis Atonen, Märt Luuk, Arvo Nõges ja Jaan Talts

  3. Kontorimaailma uus esteetika / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas Mähe tee 1 asuva TTP ärihoone sisekujundus. Autor: Meelis Press, kes on projekteerinud ka kogu puitmööbli. Ehitus: AS TTP (peatöövõtja), AS Roxor (betoonitööd. Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2005. a. ühiskondliku interjööri preemia. Ill.: 3 korruste plaani, 30 värv. vaadet

  4. Nad pakuvad eri lahendusi / Monica Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Monica, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Ajakirjade Kirjastuse müügijuht Kristiina Anvelt, TV3 müügidirektor Meelis Järvela, Eesti Päevalehe müügijuht Krista Liiv ja vanem projektijuht Olari Raig, Delfi müügi- ja marketingijuht Allan Sombri ja Eesti Raadio müügijuht Ave Vahemets selgitavad, miks reklaamida jogurtit, spordiklubi ning pesupublit just nende kanali vahendusel

  5. Ilves tunnistas lõpuks Eesti majanduse kriisi / Kadrin Karner, Kärt Blumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese majandusteemalisest videoläkitusest portaalis YouTube. Artiklis meenutatakse ühtlasi presidendi telepöördumist 31. detsembril 2007, kus riigipea pidas vajalikuks rahvast hoiatada kriisist rääkijate eest. Arvamust avaldavad valuutavahetusfirma Tavid nõukogu liige Meelis Atonen, ASi Eften Capital juhatuse liige Viljar Arakas, ASi Estiko nõukogu esimees Neinar Seli

  6. Book reviews / by Jürgen Rooste and Paul Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooste, Jürgen, 1979-

    2016-01-01

    Arvustus: Sinijärv, Karl Martin. KMSX: kuidas öelda. Tallinn Näo Kirik, 2016 ; Heinsaar, Mehis. Unistuste tappev kasvamine. Tallinn : Menu, 2016 ; Friedenthal, Meelis. Inglite keel. Tallinn : Varrak, 2016 ; Filimonov, P. I. Laulis, kuni kõik lõppes / tõlkinud Ingrid Velbaum-Staub. Tallinn : Varrak, 2016 ; Urgas, Silvia. Siht/Koht. Tartu : Elusamus, 2015 ; Kaus, Jan. Läheduste raamat. Tallinn : Verb, 2016

  7. Regulierung der Expression der Onkogene aus Agrobakterien in Wirtspflanzen

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yi

    2014-01-01

    Virulente Bakterien des Stamms Agrobakterium tumefaciens, transferieren und integrieren einen Teil ihrer DNA, die T-DNA aus dem Tumor induzierenden Plasmid (Ti), in das Pflanzengenom. Dadurch wird die Tumorbildung induziert und die Krankheit bricht aus. Die wichtigsten Gene, die für die Entwicklung eines Tumors benötigt werden, sind auf der T-DNA lokalisierte Onkogene: IaaH (indole-3-aceetamide hydrolase), IaaM (tryptophan monooxygenase) für die Auxin Biosynthese und Ipt (isopentenyl transfer...

  8. Trends in applications of mathematics to mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Stefanelli, Ulisse; Truskinovsky, Lev; Visintin, Augusto

    2018-01-01

    This volume originates from the INDAM Symposium on Trends on Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics (STAMM), which was held at the INDAM headquarters in Rome on 5–9 September 2016. It brings together original contributions at the interface of Mathematics and Mechanics. The focus is on mathematical models of phenomena issued from various applications. These include thermomechanics of solids and gases, nematic shells, thin films, dry friction, delamination, damage, and phase-field dynamics. The papers in the volume present novel results and identify possible future developments. The book is addressed to researchers involved in Mathematics and its applications to Mechanics.

  9. Sexuelle Gewalt in der Lebenswirklichkeit von Mädchen und Frauen mit geistiger Behinderung - Ergebnisse eines Forschungsprojekts

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Susanne; Wawrok, Silke; Fegert, Jörg M.

    1999-01-01

    Gegenstand der Studie ist die Situation 12-25jähriger Berliner Mädchen und Frauen mit geistiger Behinderung, die sexualisierte Gewalt erfahren haben. Befragt wurden 367 Wohneinrichtungen der Behindertenhilfe in Berlin sowie 15 ausgewählte Anlauf- und Beratungsstellen, die u. a. Angebote zur Problematik der sexuellen Gewalt ma- chen. Der Rücklauf bei den Wohneinrichtungen betrug 68,7%. Die erfragten Stamm- daten geben erstmals Aufschluß über die Geschlechtszugehörigkeit der Bewo...

  10. Investigation of ESEM/EDX to measure liquor penetration and diffusion in Eucalyptus grandis wood chips during kraft pulping

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Grzeskowiak, V

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available 2011. 6. Quinde A. (1994). Pulping additives in kraft pulping: Past, present and future. Spring Conference Canadian Pulp and Paper Ass. Jasper, Alberta. May 19 ? 21. 7. Stamm A.J. (1953). Diffusion and penetration mechanism of liquids into wood... and aspen wood chips using SEM/EDXA. J. Pulp and Paper Sci. 22(3): 71-77. 10. Jensen W., Folgelberg B.C. and Johanson M. (1960). Studies on the possibilities of using radioactive tracers to follow the penetration of cooking liquors into wood. Paperi ja...

  11. Assessment of the ecological status and threats of Welala and Shesher wetlands, lake Tana Sub-Basin (Ethiopia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atnafu, N.; Dejen, E.; Vijverberg, J.

    2011-01-01

    The ecological status of the Welala and Shesher Wetlands, on the eastern side of Lake Tana, were studied during pre-rainy, main-rainy, post-rainy and dry seasons from May 2009 to January 2010. Species composition, diversity and abundance of macrophytes, benthic macro-invertebrates and birds were

  12. Seasonal dynamics of the inorganic pollution in a Niger Delta River ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The level of inorganic anions of the Eleme River over the rainy and dry season periods was investigated. Results indicated that parameters like temperature, conductivity and total dissolved solids were higher during the dry than rainy seasons. Others like pH, phosphate, sulfate and dissolved oxygen had higher rainy than ...

  13. EFFECTS OF SEASON OF SOWING ON WATER USE AND YIELD ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (Received 9 May, 2000; accepted 5 May, 2002) Abstract Soil water availability is a major constraint to crop production in the post-rainy season period in the humid tropics. The seasonal pattern of water use was, therefore, studied in field-grown tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) during two consecutive rainy and post-rainy ...

  14. Kloning og ekspression og undersøgelse af funktionen af de tre sammenhængende DNA-bindende domæner fra den humane transcriptionsfaktor sp1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosicka, Iga; Gylling, Anne; Nielsson, Linnea Drost

    2013-01-01

    sekvensen af det indsatte DNA bekræftes ved sekventering. Plasmidet anvendes også til transformation af en E. coli stamme, som er udviklet med henblik på at udføre protein ekspression, hvorefter et fusionsprotein indeholdende sp1’s DNA-bindende domæner udtrykkes, oprenses og testes for dets evne til......I dette kursus (Studieretningsprojekt), som i alt forløber over tre-fire dage, afprøver vi almindelige molekylærbiologiske teknikker såsom RNA oprensning, cDNA syntese, PCR, skæring med restriktionsenzymer, ligering, kloning, DNA sekventering og ekspression af rekombinant protein udtrykt i E. coli...... for de DNA bindende domæner af sp1, opformerer netop denne region. PCR produktet bliver efter trimning af enderne med restriktionsenzymer ligeret ind i en E. coli ekspressionsvektor (et plasmid). Det rekombinante plasmid transformeres ind i en E. coli stamme, hvorefter der isoleres plasmid DNA, hvor...

  15. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus and Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melts, Brita

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Baturin, Nikolai. Lendav hollandlanna. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2012 ; Friedenthal, Meelis. Mesilased. Tallinn : Varrak, 2012 ; Kaus, Jan. Koju. Tallinn : Tuum, 2012 ; Kaldmaa, Kätlin. Armastuse tähestik. Tallinn : NyNorden, 2012 ; Kivastik, Mart. Vietnami retsept. Tartu : Väike Öömuusika, 2012 ; Õnnepalu, Tõnu. Kuidas on elada. Tallinn : Varrak, 2012 ; Õnnepalu, Tõnu. Mandala. Tallinn : Varrak, 2012 ; Riismaa, Kaur. Rebase matmine. Tallinn : Näo Kirik, 2012 ; Vadi, Urmas. Tagasi Eestisse. Saarde-Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2012 ; Vint, Toomas. Avalikult abielust. Tallinn : Tulikiri, 2012 ; Kangro, Maarja. Dantelik auk. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2012 ; Kaevats, Mihkel. Ungari kirsid & teisi luuletusi. Tallinn : Pegasus, 2012.

  16. Tööpuudus hiilib kikivarvul Võrumaale / Arved Breidaks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Breidaks, Arved, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Võrumaal on töötute arv eelmise aastaga võrreldes tõusma hakanud: mullu suvel maakonnas registreeritud 3,9%-line töötuse määr asendus tänavu juuli lõpus 5,4%-lise töötusega. Lisa: Töötus Võrumaal. Vt. samas: Kuidas iseloomustate olukorda Võrumaa tööjõuturul? Vastavad Martin Arula (AS Toftan), Kaido Mäesalu (AS Suwem), Meelis Munski (AS Semuehitus), Indrek Klampe (OÜ Selista Ehitus), Andres Visanpuu (Võru TÜ)

  17. Jõulujazz alustab heaga / Kai Ilustrumm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilustrumm, Kai

    2004-01-01

    Heategevuskontserdist "Aita alustada elu!" Kaarli kirikus 28. nov., Soome multiinstrumentalisti Sakari Kukko trio kontserdist 5. dets. Niguliste muuseum-kontserdisaalis, ameerika vokaalansambli M-Pact kontserdist 7. dets. Pärnu kontserdimajas, Raivo Tafenau-Meelis Vindi koosmusitseerimisest tšiili löökpillimängija Ricardo Padillaga 11. dets. Niguliste muuseum-kontserisaalis, Helin-Mari Arderi kontserdist "Sajab esimest lund" 15. dets. Niguliste muuseum-kontserisaalis, rootsi ansambli Bossa Electrica esinemiset 16. dets. Rock Café's, ansambli Eesti Keeled kontserdist "Vaiksel ööl" 17. dets. Tallinnas Sokos Hotell Virus

  18. Euroametnik võtab end priske abiraha tõttu töötuks / Kadi Heinsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinsalu, Kadi, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 3. okt. lk. 9. Sel aastal on seitse EL-i institutsioonides töötanud ametnikku registreerinud end pärast töölepingu lõppemist Eestis töötuks, mis tagab neile vähemalt 18 850 krooni suuruse hüvitise. Kommenteerib töötukassa juhatuse esimees Meelis Paavel. Vt. samas: Töötuna välismaal; Eesti makse ELi omast väiksem

  19. Puksoo auhind 2007/2008 / Tiiu Reimo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimo, Tiiu, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    23. jaanuaril 2009 Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogus peetud Friedrich Puksoo 119. sünniaastapäevale pühendatud ettekandepäeval "Raamatust, raamatukogust, raamatukoguhoidjast" kuulutati välja järjekordsed Puksoo auhinna laureaadid. TÜR-i ja ERÜ poolt välja antava auhinna pälvis TÜR-i teaduri, filosoofiadoktor Meelis Friedenthali dissertatsioon "Tallinna Linnaarhiivi Tractatus moralis de oculo", tõsteti esile Jürgen Beyeri ja Larissa Petina tööd

  20. Erakond Eesti Eest läheb riigikogu valimisi võitma / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2006-01-01

    Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica esimehed Tõnis Lukas ja Taavi Veskimägi teatasid Kumus erakondade liitumissoovist. Riigikogu liikmed Janno Reiljan, Meelis Atonen ja Ivari Padar ning Keskerakonna peasekretär Kadri Must vastavad küsimusele, kuidas meeldib teistele parlamendierakondadele Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica ühinemise uudis. Vt. samas: Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica ajalugu; Kas ees ootab Laari kolmas tulek? Uuel erakonnal oleks linna- ja vallajuhte kokku 70; Kahe erakonna ühinemine tekitab kõhklusi; Kandidaadid: taas Ilves ja Aaviksoo. Presidendikandidaadid Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja Jaak Aaviksoo

  1. Kolleegist parem / Andres Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemiad 2005: parima ühiskondliku interjööri preemia võitis Pääsküla raamatukogu (Katrin Kaevats, Urmas Muru, Peeter Pere), näitusekujunduse preemia sai Maanteemuuseum (Krista Lepland, Malle Jürgenson, Tea Tammelaan, OÜ Laika, Belka & Strelka), ajaloolise interjööri preemia läks renoveeritud Estonia teatrile (Juta Lember, Aulo Padar), publitsistikapreemia sai Leila Pärtelpoja raamat "Pööningul", teise ühiskondliku ruumi preemia võitis TTP ärihoone Pirital (Meelis Press). Kommentaar Tiina Jõgedalt

  2. ESL aastapreemia 2005 žürii. ESL aastapreemia 2005 žürii koosoleku protokoll : 8. märts 2006 / Mari Kurismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurismaa, Mari, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    2005. a. publitsistikapreemia Leila Pärtelpojale raamatu "Pööningul. Auf dem Dachboden" eest, näitusekujunduse preemia ühendusele Laika, Belka &Strelka Eesti Maanteemuuseumi näituse "Tee ajalugu" eest, ajaloolise interjööri preemia Juta Lemberile Rahvusooper Estonia publikuruumide kujunduse eest, ühiskondliku interjööri preemia Katrin Kaevatsile ja Peeter Perele Pääsküla raamatukogu interjööri eest ning Meelis Pressile TTP ärihoone eest

  3. Betoonipidu Kumus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    15. III betoonipäeval anti üle konkursi "Aasta betoonehitis 2005" auhinnad. Aasta betoonehitis - TTP kontorihoone Pirital (peapreemia - arhitekt Meelis Press, ehitaja auhind - OÜ Roxor Ehitus, betoonitarnija - AS HC Betoon); arhitektuuri eriauhinnad - QP Arhitektid (arhihektid Tõnu Laigu, Tõnu Laanemäe), AS-i Coal Terminal peahoone, 3+1 Arhitektid, eramu Magasini kvartalis Tallinnas; ehitaja eriauhind - AS Merko Ehitus, Kumu hoone; Eesti Päevalehe lugejate lemmik - AS TTP kontorihoone; ajakirja Ehitaja eripreemia - arhitekt Marti Aunin, büroohoone Tetris Tallinnas

  4. Milliseid erialaseid teadmisi ja oskusi olete kasutanud oma praeguses ametis? : vastavad infoteaduse eriala vilistlased / interv. Hela Ojasaar, Margot Mahlapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Vastavad: EV Presidendi Kantselei direktori asetäitja, üldosakonna juhataja Riina Roomet, Mahtra Talurahvamuuseumi direktor Tiia-Helle Schmitte, EBS-i raamatukogu juhataja Eda Pihu, Euroopa Liidu asjade komisjoni nõunik (Riigikogu) Külli Kask, Kultuuriministeeriumi raamatukogunõunik Meeli Veskus, Võrumaa Keskraamatukogu direktor Inga Kuljus, Lääne Maakonna Keskraamatukogu direktor Ilme Sepp, Riigiarhiivi direktor Marge Tiidus, kirjastuse Pilgrim juht Tiina Ristimets, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu direktor Kaie Holm, Eesti ENIC/NARIC Keskuse infospetsialist Liia Tüür, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu direktor Tiiu Valm, Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu teenindusdirektor Mare-Nelli Ilus, Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia raamatukogunduse ja infoteaduste osakonna juhataja Ilmar Vaaro

  5. Standardized UXO Technology Demonstration Site, Scoring Record No. 944

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    inherent base repeat averaging and the explicit stack averaging. Sensor head position and orientation data are provided by a Trimble RTK DGPS R8...Mobilization GPS Linear Rainy Cool 7 April 3 Calibration Lanes 1335 1510 95 Collecting Data Collecting Data GPS Linear Rainy Cool 7 April 3 Calibration...Lanes 1510 1535 25 Downtime Due to Equipment Maintenance/Check Data Check GPS Linear Rainy Cool 7 April 3 Calibration Lanes 1535 1605 30

  6. Menschen am CERN Europaïsche Organisation für Kernforschung

    CERN Document Server

    Pol, Andri; Heuer, Rolf

    2013-01-01

    Orte, die von besonderer Bedeutung sind für den Fortschritt in Wissenschaft und Technik, bleiben dem gewöhnlichen Auge oft verborgen. So auch CERN, die Europäische Organisation für Kernforschung nahe der Stadt Genf, in dem Forschende physikalische Grundlagenforschung betreiben, auf der Suche nach Erkenntnissen, die eines Tages vielleicht unser Verständnis vom Universum revolutionieren werden. Der Schweizer Fotograf Andri Pol hat sich unter die multikulturelle Forschergemeinschaft gemischt und sie bei der Arbeit begleitet. Dabei ist ein einmaliges Porträt dieser faszinierenden «Unterwelt» entstanden. Die Spitzenforschung erlangt ein menschliches Gesicht. Der Band wird durch einen Essay von Peter Stamm komplettiert.

  7. Ræde - et skræmmeord

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anette

    2008-01-01

    I danske dialekter, både i ømål og jysk, er der optegnet et ord ræde, der bruges i flere betydninger, enten som skældsord til personer, om fugleskræmsel eller om et skræmmevæsen, fx spøgelse mm. Ordet findes i sammensætninger med ræde både som 1-. og 2.- led. Ordet er ikke ukendt for ordbøgerne, ...... historisk perspektiv, og udfra dialektale, synonyme sideformer komme med en mulig tolkning af det gådefulde ordpar rita/rata, runedansk ræti, en maskulin an-stamme i nominativ singularis, som er overleveret i runestenenes forbandelsesformularer....

  8. Structural studies of naturally occurring toxicogenic compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Springer, J. P.

    1977-10-01

    The paralytic shellfish poison (PSP), saxitoxin, is a neurotoxin isolated from Alaska butter clams (Saxidomus giganteus), mussels (Mytilus californianus) and axenic cultures of the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax catenella. The structure of saxitoxin has been determined through the use of single crystal X-ray diffraction. It possesses a unique tricyclic arrangement of atoms containing two guanidinium moieties and also a hydrated ketone. The relative stereochemistry is presented as well as the absolute configuration. The chemical constitution of a tremorgenic metabolite, paxilline, isolated from extracts of the fungus Penicillium paxilli Bainier has been determined. Paxilline represents a previously unreported class of natural compounds formed by the combination of tryptophan and mevalonate subunits. The complete stereostructure of two other fungal metabolites, paspaline and paspalicine, closely related to paxilline but isolated from Claviceps paspali Stammes have also been determined and are presented. The stereochemistries of paxilline, paspaline and paspalicine are identical at corresponding chiral centers.

  9. Steni muinasjutuvõistluse võitjad selgunud / Ants Roos, Ann Roos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roos, Ants

    2008-01-01

    Steni XVI muinasjutuvõistluse žüriisse kuulusid: Ann Roos, Ants Roos, Leelo Tungal, Krista Kumberg, Leida Olszak, Ülle Väljataga. Tulemused: I koht Siim Niinelaid, II koht Julius Air Kull, III koht Mihkel Rammu. Žürii eriauhinnad: Anna Kristin Peterson, Elis Ruus, Rain Hallikas, Mariliis Peterson, Marjaliisa Palu, Karl Kirsimäe, Margaret Pulk. Ergutusauhinnad: Karmel Klaus, Martti Kaljuste, Kristina Korell, Mirjam Võsaste, Mihkel Põder, Iirys Kalde, Miriam Jamul, Mari-Ann Mägi, Ketlin Saar, Liisbeth Kirss. Muud eriauhinnad said: Allan Läll, Berle Mees, Anett Kuuse, Karl Erik Kübarsepp, Grete Tamm, Siim Niinelaid, Kaisa Marie Sipelgas, Ellen Anett Põldmaa, Evelin Laul, Karl Laas, Karl Stamm, Kerli Retter

  10. Rainfall analysis and its implication on the mass balance and hydrological regime of the Zongo Glacier (Bolivia) Cinthya Ramallo, Thomas Condom, Jean-Emmanuel Sicart, and Thierry Lebel IRD/UJF-Grenoble1/CNRS/G-INP, LTHE, Grenoble, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramallo, C.; Condom, Thomas; Sicart, Jean-Emmanuel; Lebel, Thierry

    2013-05-01

    The general context of the study is to describe the changes in the mass balance and in the hydrological regime of the Zongo glacier in relation with the rainfall variability. The hypothesis considered is that the characteristics of the rainy season strongly influence the mass balance and the hydrological regime with a control on the fusion. A new daily rainfall database for the last thirty years in the real cordillera region has been elaborated and two climatic regions can be distinguished: the Altiplano and Zongo Valley. Several methods are tested for each region to characterize the rainy season (duration, onset, end, amount of rain) considering different thresholds. Results show that annual rainfall is controlled by the number of rainy days on the Altiplano and by the intensity in the Zongo Valley. No strong correlations between ENSO and annual rainfall have been found. Comparing the last two decades, we observe a decrease of the amount of rain during the installation of the rainy season but an increase of the intensity. Inter-annual variability of the rainy day number is constant for the decades [1990-2000] and [2000-2010] but a change in the seasonal cycle is shown especially during the onset and the heart of the rainy season. The second part of the study quantifies the impact of the rainy season on the Mass balance and the hydrological regime considering each characteristic: duration, onset and end of the rainy season. The correlation between different properties and the runoff from the fusion is stronger than the correlation between the mass balance and the rainy season properties. The properties of the rainy season that explain better the hydrological behavior are the duration and the amount of rain. Finally, this study propose a link between the rainy season with hydrological functioning and mass balance for the Cordillera Real in Bolivia and these results have to be generalized for the other mountainous tropical regions.

  11. Breaking paradigms in severe epistaxis: the importance of looking for the S-point.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosugi, Eduardo Macoto; Balsalobre, Leonardo; Mangussi Gomes, João; Tepedino, Miguel Soares; San da Silva, Daniel Marcus; Cabernite, Erika Mucciolo; Hermann, Diego; Stamm, Aldo Cassol

    2018-01-20

    Since the introduction of nasal endoscopy into the field of Otorhinolaryngology, the treatment paradigm for cases of severe epistaxis has shifted toward early and precise identification of the bleeding site. Although severe epistaxis is usually considered to arise from posterior bleeding, an arterial vascular pedicle in the superior portion of the nasal septum, around the axilla projection of the middle turbinate, posterior to the septal body, frequently has been observed. That vascular pedicle was named the Stamm's S-point. The aim of this study was to describe the S-point and report cases of severe epistaxis originating from it. A retrospective case series study was conducted. Nine patients with spontaneous severe epistaxis, where the S-point was identified as the source of bleeding, were treated between March 2016 and March 2017. Male predominance (77.8%) with age average of 59.3 years old were reported. Most cases presented comorbidities (88.9%) and were not taking acetylsalicylic acid (66.7%). A predominance of left sided involvement (55.6%) and anteroposterior bleeding being the principal initial presentation (77.8%) was seen. Six patients (66.7%) presented with hemoglobin levels below 10g/dL, and four (44.4%) required blood transfusion. Cauterization of S-point was performed in all patients, with complete resolution of bleeding. No patient experienced recurrence of severe epistaxis. The Stamm's S-point, a novel source of spontaneous severe epistaxis, is reported, and its cauterization was effective and safe. Otolaryngologists must actively seek this site of bleeding in cases of severe epistaxis. Copyright © 2018 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  12. Markov chain modeling of daily rainfall in Lay Gaint Woreda, South Gonder Zone, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birhan Getachew

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Information on seasonal Kiremet and seasonal Belg rainfall amount is important in the rain fed agriculture of Ethiopia since more than 85% of the population is dependent on agriculture particularly on rain fed farming practices. The distribution pattern of rainfall rather than the total amount of rainfall within the entire period of time is more important for studying the pattern of rainfall occurrence. A two-state Markov chain was used to describe the characteristics of rainfall occurrences in this woreda. The states, as considered were; dry (d and rainy (r. The overall chance of rain and the fitted curve tells us that the chance of getting rain in the main rainy season is about twice as compared to the small rainy season. The first order Markov chain model indicates that the probability of getting rain in the small rainy season is significantly dependent on whether the earlier date was dry or wet. While the second order Marko chain indicates that the main rainy season the dependence of the probability of rain on the previous two dates’ conditions is less as compared with the small rainy season. Rainfall amounts are very variable and are usually modeled by a gamma distribution. Therefore, the pattern of rainfall is somewhat unimodial having only one extreme value in August.  Onset, cessation and length of growing season of rainfall for the main rainy season show medium variation compared to the small rainy season.

  13. Seasonal Variations in the Composition and Distribution of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The adult forms zooplankton recorded in the rainy season were mainly Crustaceans, Chaetognathans and Rotifers while those collected during dry season belonged to Crustacean, Cnidaria and Chordata. Crustaceans dominate both adult zooplankton and planktonic juvenile fauna in the two seasons. The rainy season ...

  14. Fish species and size distribution and abundance in different areas ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tanzania Journal of Science ... The results show that there were significant differences in catch rates between rainy and dry seasons (F (12, 12) = 2.69; p < 0.05). ... The distribution of the fish species in different areas recorded a significant difference during the dry season (Q = 18.254, df = 8, P < 0.001), while during the rainy ...

  15. CORRESPONDENCE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    9 years). Sixty-five percent of children had rhinitis, asthma or pneumonia. There are two different seasons in Senegal: a dry season (from October to June) and a rainy season (from July to September). During the dry season, we noted 33 cases of strangulated umbilical hernias compared with two cases in the rainy season.

  16. ENSO and implications on rainfall characteristics with reference to maize production in the Free State Province of South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Moeletsi, ME

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available . The rainy season indices for each agricultural year were further subdivided into El Niño and La Niña years. The differences between mean of the rainy season indices were determined for the negative phase of ENSO versus the overall mean and for the positive...

  17. seasonal variation of biomass and secondary production of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    Key words/phrases: Biomass, Brachionus calyciflorus, Lake Kuriftu, secondary production, .... glass rod to enhance extraction of pigments and ..... by Cyanobacteria. Moreover, the seasonal peak in cyclopoid biomass in Lake Hawassa was during the rainy months and in Lake Kuriftu, during the post-rainy months, mainly ...

  18. Selected egg parameters and hatching time of African catfish ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 cross (C. gariepinus x H. longifilis) under the harmattan period, dry season and rainy season conditions. Hatching rates ranged from 74.40-84.00% in harmattan period, 66.80-86.00% in dry season and 64.80-83.20% in the rainy season.

  19. Seasonality and occurrence of canine babesiosis in Nairobi and its ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The warm and humid season played a key role in the occurrence and spread of the disease.The rainy (wet) season recorded a high incidence 54.90%compared to the dry season 45.10%. In the rainy season the occurrence of the disease was in the long rains (April to June) and short rains (October to December) at 52% ...

  20. Assessment of Native Agar Gels Extracted from Gracilaria debilis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Native agar gels extracted from Gracilaria debilis and G. salicornia harvested during the rainy and dry seasons, were assessed for culturing the microorganisms Micrococcus luteus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pleurotus flabellatus. Agars extracted from plants harvested during the rainy season were suitable for culturing ...

  1. 15 aastat ehitamist Eestis / Ado Eigi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eigi, Ado, 1938-2008

    2006-01-01

    Eesti arhitektuur viimase 15 aasta jooksul. Loetletud parimad arhitektuuriteosed: Mardi talu Saaremaal (Jüri Okas, 2002); Transgroup Investi büroohoone Tallinnas (Urmas Lõoke, 2005); Ferrumi kaubanduskeskuse hoone Kuressaares (Andres Alver, Tiit Trummal, Tarmo Laht, Indrek Rünkla, Ulla Mets, 2002); KUMU kunstimuuseum (Pekka Vapaavuori, 2005); Lootsi 3a korterelamu Tallinnas (Hanno Grossschmidt, 2005); City Plaza Tallinnas (Andres Alver, Tiit Trummal, Martin Melioranski, Indrek Rünkla, 2005); Okupatsioonide muuseum (Indrek Peil, Siiri Vallner, 2003); Pärnu kesklinna koolide võimla (Katrin Koov, Kaire Nõmm, Heidi Urb, Siiri Vallner, 2005); De la Gardie kaubamaja Tallinnas (Andres Alver, Tiit Trummal, Tarmo Laht, 2000); Lasnamäe spordihoone Tallinnas (Siiri Vallner, Hanno Grossschmidt, Tomomi Hayashi, 2003); TTP büroohoone Tallinnas (Meelis Press, 2005)

  2. Parimad raamatukoguhoidjad töötavad Võrus, Toilas, Viimsis ja Luunjas / Katre Riisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riisalu, Katre, 1966-

    2016-01-01

    ERÜ auhindu 2015. a. töö eest: teenetepreemia pälvis Kõrveküla raamatukogu direktor Hele Ellermaa, ERÜ aastapreemia sai Eesti Lastekirjanduse Keskuse direktor Triin Soone, aasta maaraamatukoguhoidja tiitliga tunnustati Toila raamatukogu juhatajat Lea Randa, aasta lasteraamatukogu tiitliga Võrumaa Keskraamatukogu lasteosakonna juhatajat Helle Laanperet, aasta kooliraamatukoguhoidja tiitliga Luunja keskkooli raamatukoguhoidja Tiina Tuvi ning parima noore raamatukoguhoidja tiitliga Elise Randa Viimsi raamatukogust. Auhind "Aasta tegu linnaraamatukogus" läks jagamisele Narva ja Tallinna keskraamatukogude vahel, auhind "Aasta tegu teadusraamatukogus" läks Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogule ning "Aasta tegu erialaraamatukogus" Tartu Ülikooli Narva kolledži raamatukogule. Raamatukogude sõbraks valis ERÜ juhatus Meelis Lilboki (tarkvara R.I.K.S. väljatöötaja ja arendaja) ning meediaauhinna sai Postimehe kultuuriportaali toimetaja Hendrik Alla

  3. Kingiks kaunimale soole / Christel Karits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karits, Christel, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Naistepäeva tähistamise kontsertidest: Francis Goya 06. 03 Pärnu kontserdimajas, 08. 03 Estonia kontserdisaalis ja 10. 03 Vanemuise kontserdimajas; Naistepäevagala (Maarja & Koit, Tallinna Kammerorkester, Meelis Tauk, Mihkel Mälgand, Petteri Hasa, Andrus Rannaääre, dirigent Jüri-Ruut Kangur) 05. 03 Vanemuise kontserdimajas, 06. 03 Estonia kontserdisaalis ja 07. 03 Pärnu kontserdimajas; "Meestelt naistele" (Alen & Repriis, Vello Orumets, Jassi Zahharov, Andres Dvinjaninov 06. 03 Vanemuise kontserdimajas, 07. 03 Estonia kontserdisaalis, 09. 03 Jõhvi kontserdimajas; "Diplomaatilise noodid" raames "Sulle üks laul" (Daniel Bonilla-Torres, Kristo Käo, Jüri Aarma 08. 03 KuMu auditooriumis; Mõisaromantika kaunitele daamidele (Ooper-kvartett, Jüri Aarma) 10. 03 Vihterpalu mõisas

  4. Eesti keel Euroopas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Algas 3-päevane rahvusvaheline konverents "Eesti keel Euroopas", mis on pühendatud Euroopa keelteaastale ja Kristjan Jaak Petersoni 200 sünniaastapäevale. Ettekannetega esinesid Östen Dahl (Stockholm), Hannu Tommola (Vaasa), Lumme Erilt, Mati Hint, Suliko Liiv, Meelis Mihkla, Mart Rannut, Kristiina Ross, Urmas Sutrop, Ene Vainik, Silvi Vare (Tallinn), Tiiu ja Inno Salasoo (Sydney), Junichi Toyota (Manchester), Reet Kasik, Birute Klaas, Karl Pajusalu (Tartu), Ina Druviete ja Janis Valdmanis, Tõnu Karma, Vineta Porina (Riia), Peep Nemvalts (Uppsala), Mihkel Maran (Moskva), Konverentsi juhatasid Mart Rannut ja Helle Metslang (12. märts), Urmas Sutrop ja Martin Ehala (13. märts) ning Mati Hint (14. märts) : [täistekst

  5. Uus Eesti disain / Silvia Pärmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärmann, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    Allan Prooso, Argo Männiku ja Kalmer Alliku (HOOG) disainitud riiulid. Liis Lindmaa ja Anatoli Tafitšuki disainitud kassimaja Juno. Anni Varmi puidust lõikelauad, Toivo Raidmetsa tool Arike, Maria Kalmu vineerist prossid, Jaanus Orgusaare kapp Rolling. Merili Sule ja Petrica Artene (StenCilit) disainitud seinašabloonid. Merlin Tiiveli (NION design) käsitsi valmistatud sisustuaksessuaarid (korvid, vaibad, kott-toolid). Margus Triibmanni toolvalgusti Cranberry, Stella Soomlaisi naturaalsest nahast käekotid. Kristjan Rabi, Janno Roodi, Veljo Viikanti (Aegaon) disainitud käekellad. Mari Saani, Mariana Laane (stuudio Nüüd) keraamika. Silver Tibbingi pakendikujundused Sõsara kosmeetikatoodetele, Elena Volki ja Eveliis Salaka Helge Kodu ruumiparfüümid. Kerly Kaljuste ja Anu Rajamäe (KOOSdisain) kodutekstiilid. Meelis Undi ja Mari Otsa (WolfBerry) lastemööbel

  6. Synoptic Bi-monthly and storm response water quality sampling in Southern Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, from November 2007 - April 2009 (NODC Accession 0062644)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Synoptic sampling including water column profiles and collected surface water samples was conducted on a bi-monthly basis throughout the rainy season (October-May)...

  7. Synoptic Bi-monthly and Storm Response Water Quality Sampling in Southern Kaneohe Bay, HI November 2007 - April 2009 (NODC Accession 0062644)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Synoptic sampling including water column profiles and collected surface water samples was conducted on a bi-monthly basis throughout the rainy season(October-May)...

  8. Synoptic Bi-monthly and Storm Response Water Quality Sampling in Southern Kaneohe Bay, HI 2005-2007 (NODC Accession 0060061)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Synoptic sampling including water column profiles and collected surface water samples was conducted on a bi-monthly basis throughout the rainy season(October-May)...

  9. seasonal variation of intestinal parasitic infections among hiv ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abrham

    CONCLUSION: Cryptosporidium species and Strongyloides stercoralis were the only parasitic agents that were associated with rainy season. Keywords: Season, Intestinal Parasites, HIV. INTRODUCTION. Despite the worldwide efforts at controlling the menace of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. (AIDS), the number ...

  10. EFFECTS OF SEASON OF SOWING ON WATER USE AND YIELD ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2000-05-09

    lysimeters were installed to monitor maximum evapotranspiration (ETM). For the post-rainy season sowing, the relative water use (ETa/Eo) values (the ratio of actual evapotranspiration, ETa to open water evaporation, Eo) ...

  11. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    maximum temperature, minimum temperature), snow and rainy days, snowfall and rainfall amounts, rainfall contribution to seasonal total precipitation amount, seasonal snow cover depth and snow cover days (duration) are examined from winter-time ...

  12. Synoptic bi-monthly and storm response water quality sampling in Southern Kaneohe Bay, HI, 2005-2007 in support of the Coral Reef Instrumented Monitoring Platform (CRIMP) (NODC Accession 0060061)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Synoptic sampling including water column profiles and collected surface water samples was conducted on a bi-monthly basis throughout the rainy season (October-May)...

  13. Determination of aflatoxin contamination in cassava flour sold in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Saharan Africa. Poor drying during processing or storage, especially during the rainy season, often results in contamination by fungi such as Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium. Aflatoxins are among the mycotoxins which are secondary ...

  14. Observed linear trend in few surface weather elements over the ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    maximum temperature, minimum temperature), snow and rainy days, snowfall and rainfall amounts, rainfall contribution to seasonal total precipitation amount, seasonal snow cover depth and snow cover days (duration) are examined from winter-time ...

  15. Timing of seed dispersal and seed dormancy in Brazilian savanna: two solutions to face seasonality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escobar, Diego F E; Silveira, Fernando A O; Morellato, Leonor Patricia C

    2018-02-07

    The relationship between fruiting phenology and seed dispersal syndrome is widely recognized; however, the interaction of dormancy classes and plant life-history traits in relation to fruiting phenology and seed dispersal is understudied. Here we examined the relationship between fruiting season and seed dormancy and how this relationship is modulated by dormancy classes, dispersal syndromes, seed mass and seed moisture content in a Brazilian savanna (cerrado). Dormancy classes (non-dormancy and physical, morphological, morphophysiological, physiological and physiophysical dormancy) of 34 cerrado species were experimentally determined. Their seed dispersal syndrome (autochory, anemochory, zoochory), dispersal season (rainy, dry, rainy-to-dry and dry-to-rainy transitions), seed mass and moisture contents, and the estimated germination date were also determined. Log-linear models were used to evaluate how dormancy and dormancy classes are related to dispersal season and syndrome. The proportions of dormant and non-dormant species were similar in cerrado. The community-estimated germination date was seasonal, occurring at the onset of rainy season. Overall, anemochorous non-dormant species released seeds during the dry-to-rainy transition; autochorous physically dormant species dispersed seeds during the dry season and rainy-to-dry transition; zoochorous species dispersed non-dormant seeds during the dry and rainy seasons, while species with morphological, morphophysiological or physiological dormancy dispersed seeds in the transitional seasons. Seed mass differed among dispersal seasons and dormancy classes, but seed moisture content did not vary with dispersal syndrome, season or dormancy class. The beginning of the rainy season was the most favourable period for seed germination in cerrado, and the germination phenology was controlled by both the timing of seed dispersal and seed dormancy. Dormancy class was influenced by dispersal syndrome and season. Moreover

  16. More reasons to dread rain on vacation? Dengue fever in 42 German and United Kingdom Madeira tourists during autumn 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, C; Höhle, M; Stark, K; Lawrence, J

    2013-04-04

    In October and November 2012 residents and tourists in the Autonomous Region of Madeira, Portugal, were affected by dengue fever. The outbreak waned during the unusually dry winter. Using a Monte Carlo test we investigated the hypothesis that rainy weather conveyed increased risk of dengue virus infection among tourists. Results confirmed the hypothesis. As it is unclear whether the outbreak is over, upkeep and emphasis on mosquito avoidance on rainy days may help residents and tourists reduce infection risk.

  17. Morphogenetic traits and biomass accumulation of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés subjected to nitrogen doses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Welton Batista Cabral

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the morphogenetic traits and biomass accumulation of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés subjected to doses of N (0, 125, 250, 375 and 500 kg.ha-1 N. The treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design with four replications. Morphogenetic traits and biomass accumulation of dry matter (DM.ha-1 were evaluated. The results were subjected to statistical analysis by grouping the data in two periods, rainy season and throughout the year. Nitrogen doses influenced leaf appearance in the rainy season and throughout the year, with significant increase in leaf elongation during the rainy season, an increase of 56% compared with control. During this period, maximum dose of N (248.1 kg.ha-1 produced 214.49 kg.ha-1.day-1 DM of leaf blade, which was 133% higher than the control. However, the higher N dose in the rainy season resulted in an increase of 137% in the stalk accumulation compared with non-fertilized grass; estimating maximum accumulation of salk of 84.97 kg.ha-1.day-1 of DM for the application of 326.2 kg.ha-1 N. Doses of N also intensified leaf senescence during the rainy season and throughout the year. The control treatment presented 32% less senescence compared with maximum N dose (270.1 kg.ha-1 N in the rainy season. Forage loss was estimated at 26.08 kg ha-1.day-1 DM at the maximum dose of 295.0 kg.ha-1 N for this period. All variables studied responded positively to N supply in the rainy season. The accumulation of biomass of the plant reached the maximum point with fertilization close to 250 kg.ha-1 N in the rainy season and 375 kg.ha-1 N throughout the year.

  18. Goat milk fatty acid composition in the Peninsula of Baja California, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Toyes-Vargas; Miguel Cordoba-Matson; José Espinoza-Villavicencio; Alejandro Palacio-Espinosa; Bernardo Murillo-Amador

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACTObjective. The objective of the study was to determine the composition of fatty acids in milk of Creole goats in an extensive production system in an arid region of the peninsula of Baja California and compare it to two seasons of the year (rainy and dry). Materials and methods. Sampling was conducted during the dry season (June) and after the rainy season (December) in the municipality of Comondú in Baja California Sur. The extensive production system used involved releasing goats to...

  19. Season-controlled changes in biochemical constituents and oxidase enzyme activities in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Supatra; Mukherji, S

    2009-07-01

    Season-controlled changes in biochemical constituents viz. carotenoids (carotene and xanthophyll) and pectic substances along with IAA-oxidase and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) enzyme activities were estimated/assayed in leaves of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (tomato) in two developmental stages--pre-flowering (35 days after sowing) and post-flowering (75 days after sowing) in three different seasons--summer rainy and winter Carotenoid content along with pectic substances were highest in winter and declined significantly in summer followed by rainy i.e. winter > summer > rainy. Carotenoid content was significantly higher in the pre-flowering as compared to post-flowering in all three seasons while pectic substances increased in the post-flowering as compared to pre-flowering throughout the annual cycle. IAA oxidase and PPO enzyme activities were enhanced in rainy and decreased sharply in summer and winter i.e. rainy > summer > winter. Both the enzymes exhibited higher activity in the post-flowering stage as compared to pre-flowering in all three seasons. These results indicate winter to be the most favourable season for tomato plants while rainy season environmental conditions prove to be unfavourable (stressful) with diminished content of carotenoid and pectic substances and low activities of IAA oxidase and PPO, ultimately leading to poor growth and productivity.

  20. Sexual dimorphism and seasonal variation in submandibular gland histology of Bolomys lasiurus (Rodentia, Muridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cangussu, S D; Vieira, F G; Rossoni, R B

    2002-12-01

    Wild rodents (Bolomys lasiurus) of both sexes were caught in a cerrado grassland area during the dry (July-September) and rainy (January-March) seasons of Brazil. Fasted animals were perfused with Karnovsky fixative through the left ventricle, under ether anesthesia, and the submandibular gland was processed for embedding in historesin. Histological and histometric data show sexual dimorphism at both seasons. In the volume percentage of the granular convoluted tubules (GCT) and their secretory granules, the males exhibited higher values. The absolute volume occupied by these structures, however, was dimorphic only in the rainy season. The diameter of the GCT, the height of its epithelium, and its total length were also greater in males during the rainy season. The absolute volumes of the acini and of the ductal tree were identical in both sexes in the dry and rainy seasons but the acinar diameter increased in the males and females during the rainy season. The sexual dimorphism and the seasonal variations now described in the B. lasiurus submandibular glands could be explained by the augmented reproductive activity of the males in the rainy period. Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  1. Seasonal and spatial quantitative changes in Aedes aegypti under distinctly different ecological areas of Lahore, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad Qureshi, Ejaz Mahmood; Tabinda, Amtul Bari; Vehra, Seemal

    2017-12-01

    To find out the variations in larval and adult density of Aedes aegypti in different seasons under different ecological conditions. This study was undertaken in all the nine towns and the cantonment board of Lahore, Pakistan, during four seasons in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Ovitraps were placed in houses in residential areas and were visited weekly in rainy and post-rainy seasons each year to determine the presence of immature and mature forms of Ae.aegypti. Densities of these were measured by ovitrap index and per man hour density, respectively. Correlation coefficient and coefficient of determination between ovitrap index, per man hour density and climatic variables were established. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis. Ovitrap index and per man hour density values were lower in early rainy season compared to late rainy and early post-rainy seasons. These became lowest in late post rainy season. Strong correlation coefficient and its determination between ovitrap, per man hour density and climatic variables were observed.? Density of immature and mature forms of Ae.aegypti was influenced by environmental degradation.

  2. Application of artificial intelligence models in water quality forecasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeon, I S; Kim, J H; Jun, K W

    2008-06-01

    The real-time data of the continuous water quality monitoring station at the Pyeongchang river was analyzed separately during the rainy period and non-rainy period. Total organic carbon data observed during the rainy period showed a greater mean value, maximum value and standard deviation than the data observed during the non-rainy period. Dissolved oxygen values during the rainy period were lower than those observed during the non-rainy period. It was analyzed that the discharge due to rain fall from the basin affects the change of the water quality. A model for the forecasting of water quality was constructed and applied using the neural network model and the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system. Regarding the models of levenberg-marquardt neural network, modular neural network and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, all three models showed good results for the simulation of total organic carbon. The levenberg-marquardt neural network and modular neural network models showed better results than the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system model in the forecasting of dissolved oxygen. The modular neural network model, which was applied with the qualitative data of time in addition to quantitative data, showed the least error.

  3. Horizontal transport and seasonal distribution of nutrients, dissolved oxygen and chlorophyll -a in the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica: a tropical estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kress, Nurit; Coto, Sandra Leon; Brenes, Carlos L.; Brenner, Stephen; Arroyo, Guillermo

    2002-01-01

    The distributions of salinity, temperature, nutrients, dissolved oxygen and chlorophyll -a (chl -a) concentrations in the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica, during the rainy and dry seasons are presented. In the rainy season, the entire Gulf is strongly stratified due to high riverine discharge; surface temperature decreases and salinity increases towards the sea and most of the Gulf is undersaturated with dissolved oxygen. In the dry season, the Gulf is still stratified although without the strong fresh water signal identified in the rainy season. The lowest surface temperatures appear in the middle of the Gulf whilst the salinity generally decreases towards the upper Gulf. Only the deep waters (below 30 m depth) are undersaturated with dissolved oxygen. In the lower Gulf, oversaturation reaches up to 134% at the surface. The concentration of Si(OH) 4 in the Gulf is much higher during the rainy season than in the dry season, whilst PO 4 is not seasonally dependent. Surficial concentrations of NO 3+NO 2 in the upper Gulf are higher in the dry season than in the rainy season; whilst in most of the lower Gulf, the concentrations are lower in the dry season. Surficial chl -a concentrations in the Gulf are higher in the rainy season, in particular, close to the Tarcoles outflow. A three-component mixing diagram describes the spatial distribution of the nutrients, during both seasons. Riverine waters from the Tempisque (high nutrients and low salinity) are mixed with surface waters from the lower Gulf (higher salinity and lower nutrients). The resulting water then mixes with oceanic water. Salinity in relation to PO 4 is seasonally dependent in the upper Gulf; the riverine end member during the dry season is higher, by a factor of 4, than during the rainy season. There is a significant correlation between NO 3+NO 2 and salinity only during the dry season in the upper Gulf; this is probably a result of phytoplankton consumption of N, in the rainy season. The calculated NO 3+NO

  4. Self-Reflection as a Means for Personal Transformation: An Analysis of Women's Life Stories Living with a Chronic Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgit Prodinger

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this secondary analysis is to explicate taken-for-granted practices in the health care system in which the life stories of six women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA are embedded. A secondary analysis of life stories of six women with RA, which were assigned to a typology named "rheumatoid arthritis as a source for new challenges" (STAMM et al., 2008 in the primary narrative study, was conducted. The theoretical framework applied for the analysis was informed by feminist standpoint theory and feminist philosophy. In the present analysis, each of the women challenged established health care practices and the cognitive authority of medicine at a certain point in their life story reflections. Becoming more conscious about health care practices enabled the women to acknowledge their own knowledge and to make choices about their health. The findings challenge health care providers to engage in critical reflexivity to become conscious about and to transform taken-for-granted practices as embedded in larger systems and to create health care environments that enable dialogue between clients and health care providers. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100363

  5. S1-Leitlinie Lipödem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich-Schupke, Stefanie; Schmeller, Wilfried; Brauer, Wolfgang Justus; Cornely, Manuel E; Faerber, Gabriele; Ludwig, Malte; Lulay, Gerd; Miller, Anya; Rapprich, Stefan; Richter, Dirk Frank; Schacht, Vivien; Schrader, Klaus; Stücker, Markus; Ure, Christian

    2017-07-01

    Die vorliegende überarbeitete Leitlinie zum Lipödem wurde unter der Federführung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Phlebologie (DGP) erstellt und finanziert. Die Inhalte beruhen auf einer systematischen Literaturrecherche und dem Konsens von acht medizinischen Fachgesellschaften und Berufsverbänden. Die Leitlinie beinhaltet Empfehlungen zu Diagnostik und Therapie des Lipödems. Die Diagnose ist dabei auf der Basis von Anamnese und klinischem Befund zu stellen. Charakteristisch ist eine umschriebene, symmetrisch lokalisierte Vermehrung des Unterhautfettgewebes an den Extremitäten mit deutlicher Disproportion zum Stamm. Zusätzlich finden sich Ödeme, Hämatomneigung und eine gesteigerte Schmerzhaftigkeit der betroffenen Körperabschnitte. Weitere apparative Untersuchungen sind bisher besonderen Fragestellungen vorbehalten. Die Erkrankung ist chronisch progredient mit individuell unterschiedlichem und nicht vorhersehbarem Verlauf. Die Therapie besteht aus vier Säulen, die individuell kombiniert und an das aktuelle Beschwerdebild angepasst werden sollten: komplexe physikalische Entstauungstherapie (manuelle Lymphdrainage, Kompressionstherapie, Bewegungstherapie, Hautpflege), Liposuktion und plastisch-chirurgische Interventionen, Ernährung und körperliche Aktivität sowie ggf. additive Psychotherapie. Operative Maßnahmen sind insbesondere dann angezeigt, wenn trotz konsequent durchgeführter konservativer Therapie noch Beschwerden bestehen bzw. eine Progredienz des Befundes und/oder der Beschwerden auftritt. Eine begleitend zum Lipödem bestehende morbide Adipositas sollte vor einer Liposuktion therapeutisch angegangen werden. © 2017 The Authors | Journal compilation © Blackwell Verlag GmbH, Berlin.

  6. Open gastrostomy by mini-laparotomy: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Gil R; Taveira-Gomes, Antonio

    2011-01-01

    Gastrostomy tube feeding is the best option for long lasting nutritional support in patients with dysphagia caused by obstructive tumours of the mouth, pharynx, larynx and ooesophagus or neuromuscular diseases. However, these severely compromised patients often present severe respiratory risks, precluding the use of general anesthesia, sedation or even endoscopy. A simplified open gastrostomy (SOG) under local anesthesia has been in practice in our institution, especially for patients with severe neuromuscular diseases and continuous non-invasive ventilatory support. In this study, we try to compare the surgical outcomes of this technique, with the classical Stamm gastrostomy (SG). This simplified technique uses a minimal vertical midline incision (3 cm), just below the xyphoid process, under local anesthesia. The gastrostomy tube is passed by a left lateral stab wound, inserted in a double purse-string in the gastric wall and pulled to the anterior abdominal wall. No sutures between the stomach and the peritoneum are placed. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 63 consecutive gastrostomies performed upon a 3-year period, 23 of which were by SOG. The SG was performed mainly in oncological patients, and SOG in patients with neuromuscular diseases (p family/caregivers is very good. The simplified mini-laparotomy gastrostomy is a safe and effective alternative to other approaches. The association of local anesthesia with a minimal surgical offense and a short operative time render its effectiveness, even in high-risk patients. Copyright © 2010 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. "Pop" psychoanalysis, kitsch, and the "as if" theater: further notes on Peter Shaffer's Equus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gifford, S

    1976-01-01

    This paper is intended as an examination of Dr. Stamm's (1975) paper and of Dr. Jules Glenn's discussion of Peter Shaffer's previous work. Its premise is the futility of subjecting Equus to a traditional psychoanalytic investigation, as a product of the playwright's unconscious, when the play represents a skillful, highly conscious use of analytic cliches to manipulate the audience. This phenomenon, however, and the play's great popularity prompt some reflections on the nature of kitsch, or false art, and its differences from authentic drama. The experience of kitsch can be identified when the spectator feels coerced by exaggerated, unconvincing theatrical devices, and fails to experience genuine empathy with the characters in a play. In the experience of authentic tragedy there is some element of voluntary surrender, of suspension of disbelief with full consent of will, as in the Aristotelian concept of catharsis. Shaffer's play is discussed as an illustration of this distinction and its relation to pseudoemotionality, the impostor syndrome, and the "as if" personality. In conclusion, the play's failure to evoke a genuine emotional response is explained by interpreting Equus as an "as if" tragedy.

  8. Investigations into aerobic bacterial degradation of phenol compounds in consideration of ecological and physiological parameters; Untersuchungen zum aeroben Abbau phenolischer Verbindungen durch Bakterien unter Beruecksichtigung oekologisch und physiologisch relevanter Faktoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rittich, S.

    1992-07-01

    In a polluted soil of an abandoned gas works site, pure bacterial cultures were isolated which were able to degrade phenol, the three cresol isomers, and 2,3-, 2,4- and 3,4-xylenol. There were also mixed populations which degraded 2,5- and 3,5-xylenol. There were no bacteria in this soil which were able to degrade 2,6-xylenol. In spite of this, it was possible for the first time to decompose 2,6-xylenol using a mixed population of three different bacterial strains from other soils. One of these was a strain identified as Myeobacterium spec.SR18 which used 2,6-xylenol as its sole source of C and energy. (orig./EF). [Deutsch] Aus einem mit Schadstoffen kontaminierten Boden eines ehemaligen Gaswerkgelaeaendes konnten Reinkulturen isoliert werden, die in der Lage waren Phenol, die drei Kresolisomere und 2,3-, 2,4- und 3,4-Xylenol abzubauen. Ein 2,5- und 3,5-Xylenolabbau durch Mischpopulationen wurde ebenfalls beobachtet. Dagegen konnten aus diesem Boden keine 2,6-Xylenol-Abbauer gewonnen werden. Der bisher erst einmal beschriebene 2,6-Xylenolabbau gelang schliesslich mit einer weiteren, aus anderen verunreinigten Standorten angereicherten, Mischpopulation, die aus drei verschiedenen Bakterienstaemmen bestand. Darunter befand sich auch ein als Mycobacterium spec.SR18 identifizierter Stamm, der 2,6-Xylenol als alleinige C- und Energiequelle verwertet. (orig./EF).

  9. Bakteriële populasieprofiele vanaf diesel verkry by vulstasies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard Venter

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Mikrobiese groei kan plaasvind in opgebergde dieselbrandstof. Hierdie groei kan die latere benutting van die brandstof in voertuie en noodkragopwekkers beïnvloed deurdat dit brandstoffilters verstop. Verder kan ’n mutualistiese mikrobegemeenskap ontwikkel wat polisikliese aromatiese koolwaterstowwe (PAK kan afbreek tot voordeel van mekaar. Dié projek se doelstelling was om die bakteriële gemeenskapsprofiel van gestoorde diesel te bepaal deur gebruik te maak van tegnieke wat beide die kweekbare en nie-kweekbare fraksies van die populasie bestudeer. Bakterieë en totale DNS is geïsoleer vanaf diesel en bestudeer deur gebruik te maak van denatureringsgradiënt jelelektroforese (DGGE van die 16S ribosomale DNS (rDNS. Ses bakteriële stamme, afkomstig uit twee verskillende genera (verwant aan Bacillus en Lysinibacillus, is geïsoleer en kon as suiwer kulture groei met diesel as die enigste koolstofbron. Die DGGE-profiele het aangedui dat daar ’n verdere agt genera in die diesel voorkom. Beide die tegnieke het bakterieë geïdentifiseer wat verwant is aan Bacillus pumilus. Bacillus pumilus was die mees dominante spesie (50% wat vanaf die kweekbare fraksie geïsoleer is. Die isolering van bakterieë wat voorkom in kommersieel verkrygde diesel kan gebruik word om die graad van diesel afbraak tydens die berging daarvan te bepaal. Dit kan ook verder gebruik word om bioremediëring van diesel besoedeling te bewerkstellig.

  10. Effects of projected climate (2011–50) on karst hydrology and species vulnerability—Edwards aquifer, south-central Texas, and Madison aquifer, western South Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Barbara J.; Stamm, John F.; Poteet, Mary F.; Symstad, Amy J.; Musgrove, MaryLynn; Long, Andrew J.; Norton, Parker A.

    2015-12-22

    Karst aquifers—formed by the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone—are critical groundwater resources in North America, and karst springs, caves, and streams provide habitat for unique flora and fauna. Springflow and groundwater levels in karst terrane can change greatly over short time scales, and therefore are likely to respond rapidly to climate change. How might the biological communities and ecosystems associated with karst respond to climate change and accompanying changes in groundwater levels and springflow? Sites in two central U.S. regions—the Balcones Escarpment of south-central Texas and the Black Hills of western South Dakota (fig. 1)—were selected to study climate change and its potential effects on the local karst hydrology and ecosystem. The ecosystems associated with the Edwards aquifer (Balcones Escarpment region) and Madison aquifer (Black Hills region) support federally listed endangered and threatened species and numerous State-listed species of concern, including amphibians, birds, insects, and plants. Full results are provided in Stamm and others (2014), and are summarized in this fact sheet.

  11. Gastrostomy and gastroesophageal reflux in neurologically impaired children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Cappellano

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Gastrostomy has been increasingly indicated for daily feeding ofneurologically impaired children with swallowing abnormalitiesthat hinder the use of the mouth. Therefore, the enteral route hasstill been used by means of oral, nasogastric or nasojejunal tube.However it is no longer the preferential method, mainly in cases ofprolonged use. Today gastrostomy is the most often utilizedprocedure, particularly Stamm gastrostomy. Many of thesepatients present pulmonary abnormalities due to a possiblegastroesophageal reflux (GER. After the study by Jolley et al.(1, in1985, fundoplication has become a systematic and routinecomplement to gastrostomy. The neurologically impaired patientshave been submitted to two surgeries, leading to possible andpredictable increase in morbidity and mortality rates. Althougheffective when properly indicated, this simple management hasrecently been very much debated and rejected. Thus, an updatingbased on recent studies is necessary to make pediatric surgeonsand pediatricians aware of other manners to solve this problem,which aim at correctly feeding these children with impairedswallowing and GER and helping them have a better quality of life.The literature reviewed was searched in PubMed/Medline, fromJanuary 1994 to May 2003. Other articles read and mentioned inthis review and published before 1994 were collected based onarticles cited in the references. Thus, we could assess thechronological progression in management of neurologicallyimpaired children who need gastrostomy for their feeding, andcarry out an analysis of current fundoplication and the questionwhether the use of a prophylactic antireflux valve is compulsoryor not.

  12. Diversity and abundance of aquatics macroinvertebrates and water quality from high and low watersheds of Gariche River, Chiriqui province, Republic of Panama

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guinard, Johana del C; Rios, Tomas; Bernal Vega, Juan A

    2013-01-01

    Diversity and abundance of aquatic microinvertebrate and quality of water in four sampling stations located in Gariche river high and low watersheds, during the dry season (January to April) and the rainy season (July to October) of 2010, were determined using methods described by Pino and Bernal (2009). A total of 4 964 individuals, belonging to 50 genera, 30 families and nine orders of class Insecta were identified. The average of the Shannon-Weaver Diversity Index in the dry season was 2.36 and 1.95 in rainy season, representing a middle diversity in this ecosystem. In dry season, the abundance of individuals was higher in the order Hemiptera, family Veliidae, and genus Rhagovelia followed by Trichoptera, family Hydroptilidae, and genus Atanatolica. In rainy season, the most representative orders were Ephemeroptera, family Leptophlebiidae and genus Thraulodes, followed by Hemiptera, family Veliidae and genus Rhagovelia. The Jaccard Index indicated that the stations with the greatest similarity were 1 and 2, with a 65.2 % (dry season) and 76.9 % (rainy season), while the similarity was low between stations 1 and 3, with 33.3 % (dry season) and 41.7 % (rainy season). The Biotic Index BMWP/PAN for the dry and rainy seasons, indicated a regular water quality for stations 1 and 2, but with acceptable quality at stations 3 and 4. The physic and chemical variables showed values within acceptable limits during the dry season, while in the rainy season the levels were low, according to the values established by the primary environmental quality standards and quality levels for freshwater recreational use without direct contact, influencing in the heterogeneity of aquatic macroinvertebrates in each sampling station.

  13. [Estimation of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) productivity in households and public spaces in a dengue endemic city in Colombia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcalá, Lucas; Quintero, Juliana; González-Uribe, Catalina; Brochero, Helena

    2015-01-01

    Aedes aegypti is a vector for the dengue virus in Colombia. Its productivity can be estimated using pupal counts. To determine Ae. aegypti productivity in households and public spaces in Girardot (Colombia) during both wet and dry seasons. The amount of Ae. aegypti pupae was evaluated in 20 randomly selected clusters in Girardot, each consisting of 100 households and public spaces. Inspections were performed during the rainy (February-May, 2011), and dry (August-September, 2011) seasons. House, container, Breteau, person and hectare pupae indices were estimated. During the rainy season households contributed 94% to the total number of pupae (n=7,098) while only 6% (n=482) were found in public spaces. In the dry season, 98% (n=9,138) of pupae were found in households and 2% (n=223), in public spaces. Low water-storage tanks and tanks for washing purposes provided >87% of pupae in households, whereas jars, tires and sinks contained most pupae in public spaces. High pupal densities were observed in public spaces during the rainy season and in streets and schools in the dry season. There were no significant differences in the index per person (rainy season=1.0; dry season=1.3) or per hectare (rainy season=0.96, dry season=0.45) between seasons. High Ae. aegypti pupal densities were found inside households in low water-storage tanks and tanks for washing purposes during both the dry and rainy seasons. Public spaces provided more aquatic habitats during the rainy season. Vector control strategies targeting these containers could allow a more rational use of resources and increase efficiency.

  14. Seasonal variability of planktonic copepods (Copepoda: Crustacea in a tropical estuarine region in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina de Oliveira Dias

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Caravelas River estuary and adjacent coastal region were studied during the rainy and dry seasons of 2003-2004 to assess the copepod community structure. Abiotic and biotic parameters were measured, and the total density, frequency and percentage of copepod taxa were determined for each sampling period. Copepod densities showed significant differences between sampling periods, with higher densities in the rainy seasons (Mean: 90,941.80 ind.m-3; S.D.: 26,364.79. The sampling stations located to the north and south, in the coastal region adjacent to the Caravelas River estuary presented the lowest copepod density values. The copepod assemblage was composed mainly of estuarine and estuarine/coastal copepods. The seasonal variations in temperature and salinity influenced the abundance of species during the rainy and dry seasons, with the following dominant species alternating: Paracalanus quasimodo Bowman, 1971 in the rainy season of 2003, Parvocalanus crassirostris Dahl, 1894 in the dry season of 2003 and Acartia lilljeborgii Giesbrecht, 1892 in the rainy and dry seasons of 2004. Non-parametric multidimensional scaling indicated differences in copepod assemblages between sampling periods, but not between sampling stations.

  15. Seasonal and Spatial Variations of Heavy Metals in Two Typical Chinese Rivers: Concentrations, Environmental Risks, and Possible Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Yao

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ten metals were analyzed in samples collected in three seasons (the dry season, the early rainy season, and the late rainy season from two rivers in China. No observed toxic effect concentrations were used to estimate the risks. The possible sources of the metals in each season, and the dominant source(s at each site, were assessed using principal components analysis. The metal concentrations in the area studied were found, using t-tests, to vary both seasonally and spatially (P = 0.05. The potential risks in different seasons decreased in the order: early rainy season > dry season > late rainy season, and Cd was the dominant contributor to the total risks associated with heavy metal pollution in the two rivers. The high population and industrial site densities in the Taihu basin have had negative influences on the two rivers. The river that is used as a source of drinking water (the Taipu River had a low average level of risks caused by the metals. Metals accumulated in environmental media were the main possible sources in the dry season, and emissions from mechanical manufacturing enterprises were the main possible sources in the rainy season. The river in the industrial area (the Wusong River had a moderate level of risk caused by the metals, and the main sources were industrial emissions. The seasonal and spatial distributions of the heavy metals mean that risk prevention and mitigation measures should be targeted taking these variations into account.

  16. [Seasonal variability of intestinal helminths and Schistosoma haematobium in a rural area of the Sahel in Mali].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niangaly, H; Djimde, A A; Traore, B; Sangare, C P O; Guindo, D; Konate, D; Diakite, M; Diallo, N; Maïga-Ascofare, O; Sogoba, N; Dabo, A; Doumbo, O K

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminths and Schistosoma haematobium before and after the rainy season in Pongonon, Mali. Volunteers aged one year and above were included. The Kato-Katz method was used to detect eggs and cysts in stool samples, and Wattman filtration to detect S. haematobium eggs in urine samples. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in July and November 2007. In July (beginning of the rainy season), 304 volunteers were included; 278 were seen again in November (at the end of the rainy season). We found more intestinal helminths at the end of the rainy season (8.3%) compared to the beginning of the season (2.9%) (P = 0.01). There was no infection with S. haematobium in July but 7.6% in November (P  0.05), but the prevalence of infection with S. haematobium was higher in children aged 6 to 16 years (17/153) than in adults (2/74) (P = 0.02). Infections with helminth and S. Haematobium were both more prevalent at the end of the rainy season. Adults were infected as well as children and may constitute potential reservoirs of parasites. Effective control of these parasitic infections requires mass drug administration programs that take place during the seasons of high parasite egg excretion and that also include adult populations in some areas.

  17. Seasonal pattern in parasite infracommunities of Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus and Hoplias malabaricus (Actinopterygii: Erythrinidae) from the Brazilian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Raissa Alves; Oliveira, Marcos Sidney Brito; Neves, Ligia Rigôr; Tavares-Dias, Marcos

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigated the effects of seasonal variation in parasites infracommunities of Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus and Hoplias malabaricus from a tributary of Amazon River. For H. unitaeniatus and H. malabaricus, 11 parasite species were similar, and greatest parasite richness occurred during the rainy season. Ichthyophthirius multifiliis was the dominant parasite species for both hosts. In H. unitaeniatus, infection by Whittingtonocotyle caetei, Whittingtonocotyle jeju, Urocleidoides sp. and Anacanthorus sp. was higher during rainy season. Contracaecum sp., Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) inopinatus, Nomimoscolex matogrossensis and Gorytocephalus spectabilis showed no seasonal pattern. For H. unitaeniatus, P. pillulare, Clinostomum marginatum and Argulus pestifer occurred only during dry season, while Trichodina sp., Dolops geayi, undetermined metacercariae and Posthodiplostomum sp. occurred only during the rainy season. In H. malabaricus, the prevalence of Urocleidoides eremitus was similar during the two seasons, but abundance was higher during the rainy season. Tetrahymena sp., C. marginatum, Dendrorchis neivai, undetermined metacercariae, Posthodiplostomum sp., Genarchella genarchella, Cystidicoloides sp., G. spectabilis, D. geayi, A. pestifer and Glossiphonidae gen. sp. occurred only during the dry season. However, Contracaecum sp. and P. (S.) inopinatus occurred during both seasons, but the prevalence of P. (S.) inopinatus was higher during the rainy season. Seasonal variation in this infection levels was due to the host's feeding behavior and habits and the availability of infectious forms of parasites with heteroxenic life cycles. The non-seasonal fluctuation detected are likely a result of the parasites biology, highly variable nature of this tributary of Amazon River and low abundance of parasites.

  18. Difference planted season and creeper-pole on both growth and yield of the two cultivars of velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens (L. DC.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUPRIYONO

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research were to know the effect of different cultivars, planted seasons and creeper poles at velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens (L. DC. growth, yield and their interactions. This research was conducted on litosol soil in Tancep, Ngawen, Gunungkidul on 170 m up sea level and 9-10° elevation. The depth of soil tillage was 5-17 cm. Design utilization was Randomized Completed Block Design (RCBD with factorial 3 factors. The treatment was (i cultivars: rase and putih Gunungkidul (ii planted seasons: dry and rainy seasons and (iii creeper-poles: control, corn 0 weeks old, corn 2 weeks old, corn 4 weeks old and bambu. There is replicated 3 times. The result of this research was the 1st velvet bean growth on rainy season was rapidly but they have long time planted. The 2nd, by splited rase cultivars, rainy season and creeper-pole utilization was yield increased. The 3rd, on the rainy season, the high yield was come by rase cultivar and creeper-pole utilization. The 4th, with the 2 times velvet bean density and without calculated corn yield, rase cultivar planted on rainy season and bamboo creeper-pole coused the highest velvet bean yield but no significant different with 4 weeks corn creeper-pole.

  19. Seasonal and Spatial Variations of Heavy Metals in Two Typical Chinese Rivers: Concentrations, Environmental Risks, and Possible Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Hong; Qian, Xin; Gao, Hailong; Wang, Yulei; Xia, Bisheng

    2014-01-01

    Ten metals were analyzed in samples collected in three seasons (the dry season, the early rainy season, and the late rainy season) from two rivers in China. No observed toxic effect concentrations were used to estimate the risks. The possible sources of the metals in each season, and the dominant source(s) at each site, were assessed using principal components analysis. The metal concentrations in the area studied were found, using t-tests, to vary both seasonally and spatially (P = 0.05). The potential risks in different seasons decreased in the order: early rainy season > dry season > late rainy season, and Cd was the dominant contributor to the total risks associated with heavy metal pollution in the two rivers. The high population and industrial site densities in the Taihu basin have had negative influences on the two rivers. The river that is used as a source of drinking water (the Taipu River) had a low average level of risks caused by the metals. Metals accumulated in environmental media were the main possible sources in the dry season, and emissions from mechanical manufacturing enterprises were the main possible sources in the rainy season. The river in the industrial area (the Wusong River) had a moderate level of risk caused by the metals, and the main sources were industrial emissions. The seasonal and spatial distributions of the heavy metals mean that risk prevention and mitigation measures should be targeted taking these variations into account. PMID:25407421

  20. Solid waste characterization in Kétao, a rural town in Togo, West Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edjabou, Vincent Maklawe Essonanawe; Møller, Jacob; Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2012-01-01

    In Africa the majority of solid waste data is for big cities. Small and rural towns are generally neglected and waste data from these areas are often unavailable, which makes planning a proper solid waste management difficult. This paper presents the results from two waste characterization projects...... conducted in Kétao, a rural town in Togo during the rainy season and the dry season in 2010. The seasonal variation has a significant impact on the waste stream. The household waste generation rate was estimated at 0.22 kg person−1 day−1 in the dry season and 0.42 in the rainy season. Likewise, the waste...... moisture content was 4% in the dry season while it was 33–63% in the rainy season. The waste consisted mainly of soil and dirt characterized as ‘other’ (41%), vegetables and putrescibles (38%) and plastic (11%). In addition to these fractions, considerable amounts of material are either recycled or reused...

  1. Seasonal variation in child mortality in rural Guinea-Bissau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Bibi Uhre; Byberg, Stine; Aaby, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: In many African countries, child mortality is higher in the rainy season than in the dry season. We investigated the effect of season on child mortality by time periods, sex and age in rural Guinea-Bissau. Methods: Bandim health project follows children under-five in a health...... and demographic surveillance system in rural Guinea-Bissau. We compared the mortality in the rainy season (June to November) between 1990 and 2013 with the mortality in the dry season (December to May) in Cox proportional hazards models providing rainy vs. dry season mortality rate ratios (r/d-mrr). Seasonal...... effects were estimated in strata defined by time periods with different frequency of vaccination campaigns, sex and age (

  2. Determination of Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd by atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma in waters and sediments from San Juan Ecosystem, Santiago de Cuba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argota Perez, George; Argota Coello, Humberto; Fernandez-Heredia, Angel

    2014-01-01

    In this paper the levels of concentration of copper, zinc, lead and cadmium in waters and sediments from the ecosystem San Juan in the Santiago of Cuba province were evaluated. Two sampling of the ecosystem in two stations belonging to the high and middle part of the river, in rainy and little rainy periods were carried out. The conservation and treatment of the samples were developed according to established standards and the determinations of the elements were realized using atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma. The concentrations intervals of the studied elements were established so much in the superficial waters like in the sediments and it was demonstrated that exists statistical significant differences for the factors station, period and type of sample, being the middle part of the river, the little rainy period and the sediments, where the grater concentrations of the pollutants appear

  3. Spatial and temporal distribution of root activity of Ramphal (Annona reticulata) seedlings and their grafts with 'Arka Sahan' scion determined using isotopic technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kotur, S.C.

    2009-01-01

    In both seedlings and grafts of Ramphal, early rainy season showed the highest intensity of root activity followed by late rainy season and winter. During early rainy season, the active roots were predominantly surface oriented and clustered towards the trunk in both seedlings and grafts. During later seasons, however, the roots migrated from 20cm to 40cm depth and from 40cm to 80 and 120cm radial distance that resulted in a uniform distribution of active roots throughout the rooting volume. The grafts of 'Arka Sahan' scion on Ramphal rootstocks showed deeper root activity which had nearly one-half of active roots close to the trunk at 40cm distance, that may be more drought tolerant than the seedlings. (author)

  4. Temporal Variation in the Abundance and Richness of Foliage-Dwelling Ants Mediated by Extrafloral Nectar.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceres Belchior

    Full Text Available Plants bearing extrafloral nectaries (EFNs are common in the Brazilian cerrado savanna, where climatic conditions having marked seasonality influence arboreal ant fauna organization. These ant-plant interactions have rarely been studied at community level. Here, we tested whether: 1 EFN-bearing plants are more visited by ants than EFN-lacking plants; 2 ant visitation is higher in the rainy season than in dry season; 3 plants producing young leaves are more visited than those lacking young leaves in the rainy season; 4 during the dry season, plants with old leaves and flowers are more visited than plants with young leaves and bare of leaves or flowers; 5 the composition of visiting ant fauna differs between plants with and without EFNs. Field work was done in a cerrado reserve near Uberlândia, MG State, Brazil, along ten transects (total area 3,000 m2, in the rainy (October-January and dry seasons (April-July of 2010-2011. Plants (72 species; 762 individuals were checked three times per season for ant presence. Results showed that 21 species (29% and 266 individuals (35% possessed EFNs. These plants attracted 38 ant species (36 in rainy, 26 in dry season. In the rainy season, plants with EFNs had higher ant abundance/richness than plants without EFNs, but in the dry season, EFN presence did not influence ant visitation. Plant phenology affected ant richness and abundance in different ways: plants with young leaves possessed higher ant richness in the rainy season, but in the dry season ant abundance was higher on plants possessing old leaves or flowers. The species composition of plant-associated ant communities, however, did not differ between plants with and without EFNs in either season. These findings suggest that the effect of EFN presence on a community of plant-visiting ants is context dependent, being conditioned to seasonal variation.

  5. Phenology of two Siparuna guianensis Aublet woods of environmental conservation areas in Cuiabá-MT (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Maria Abido Valentini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The negramina (Siparuna guianensis Aublet belonging to the family Siparunaceae, is a species widely used in Mato Grosso, Brazil, as a bath for treatment of flu, headache, rheumatism and "malina", but little is known about their breeding and domestication. The objective of this study was to investigate the phenology of the species to determine the intensities of the fall foliage in the canopy, budding, flowering and fruiting in order to support the best time to collect seeds and cuttings for ex situ breeding. The phenological aspects of S. guianensis were obtained through observation biweekly 40 individuals in two areas of environmental conservation located in Cuiaba-MT, between August 2007 and July 2009. The region presents a clear seasonal climate with two distinct seasons: a dry (autumn-winter and rainy (spring-summer, and 70% of the average annual precipitation from 1250 to 1500 mm occurs between November and March. We analyzed the activity indices, intensity and synchrony to the phenological events in relation to climatic seasonality. It was concluded that in both places the behavior of S. guianensis had similar patterns, being an evergreen species, with greater loss of leaves during the dry season, his shooting occurred throughout the year, with peak activity and intensity at the end of the rainy season, there was intense flowering in the transition between the dry and rainy, and the fruiting period occurred only during the rainy season. For the flowering phenophase there was a high synchrony between individuals from both locations. It is suggested for breeding ex situ collection of cuttings at the end of the rainy season, time of intense vegetative growth, and the seeds during the rainy season.

  6. Seasonal variation in child mortality in rural Guinea-Bissau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Bibi Uhre; Byberg, Stine; Aaby, Peter; Rodrigues, Amabelia; Benn, Christine Stabell; Fisker, Ane Baerent

    2017-07-01

    In many African countries, child mortality is higher in the rainy season than in the dry season. We investigated the effect of season on child mortality by time periods, sex and age in rural Guinea-Bissau. Bandim health project follows children under-five in a health and demographic surveillance system in rural Guinea-Bissau. We compared the mortality in the rainy season (June to November) between 1990 and 2013 with the mortality in the dry season (December to May) in Cox proportional hazards models providing rainy vs. dry season mortality rate ratios (r/d-mrr). Seasonal effects were estimated in strata defined by time periods with different frequency of vaccination campaigns, sex and age (<1 month, 1-11 months, 12-59 months). Verbal autopsies were interpreted using InterVa-4 software. From 1990 to 2013, overall mortality was declined by almost two-thirds among 81 292 children (10 588 deaths). Mortality was 51% (95% ci: 45-58%) higher in the rainy season than in the dry season throughout the study period. The seasonal difference increased significantly with age, the r/d-mrr being 0.94 (0.86-1.03) among neonates, 1.57 (1.46-1.69) in post-neonatal infants and 1.83 (1.72-1.95) in under-five children (P for same effect <0.001). According to the InterVa, malaria deaths were the main reason for the seasonal mortality difference, causing 50% of all deaths in the rainy season, but only if the InterVa included season of death, making the argument self-confirmatory. The mortality declined throughout the study, yet rainy season continued to be associated with 51% higher overall mortality. © 2017 The Authors. Tropical Medicine & International Health Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Geo-spatial analysis of the temporal trends of kharif crop phenology metrics over India and its relationships with rainfall parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Abhishek; Seshasai, M V R; Dadhwal, V K

    2014-07-01

    The Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies bimonthly Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data of 8 × 8 km spatial resolution for the period of 1982-2006 were analyzed to detect the trends of crop phenology metrics (start of the growing season (SGS), seasonal NDVI amplitude (AMP), seasonally integrated NDVI (SiNDVI)) during kharif season (June to October) and their relationships with the amount of rainfall and the number of rainy days over Indian subcontinent. Direction and magnitude of trends were analyzed at pixel level using the Mann-Kendall test and further assessed at meteorological subdivision level using field significance test (α = 0.1). Significant pre-occurrence of the SGS was observed over northern (Punjab, Haryana) and central (Marathwada, Vidarbha and Madhya Maharashtra) parts, whereas delay was found over southern (Rayalaseema, Coastal Andhra Pradesh) and eastern (Bihar, Gangetic West Bengal and Sub-Himalayan West Bengal) parts of India. North, west, and central India showed significant increasing trends of SiNDVI, corroborating the kharif food grain production performance during the time frame. Significant temporal correlation (α = 0.1) between the rainfall/number of rainy days and crop phenology metrics was observed over the rainfed region of India. About 35-40 % of the study area showed significant correlation between the SGS and the rainfall/number of rainy days during June to August. June month rainfall/number of rainy days was found to be the most sensitive to the SGS. The amount of rainfall and the number of rainy days during monsoon were found to have significant influence over the SiNDVI in 24-30 % of the study area. The crop phenology metrics had significant correlation with the number of rainy days over the larger areas than that of the rainfall amount.

  8. Evolution saisonnière des corrélations entre précipitations en Afrique guinéenne et températures de surface de la mer (1945 1994)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janicot, Serge; Fontaine, Bernard

    1997-05-01

    West African rainfall south of 10∘ N drastically decreased between the 1950s and 1980s, for all months except July and August. An investigation of correlations between sea surface temperatures and precipitations over the period 1945-1994 indicaes that: 1. The long dry season (November to April) as well as the first rainy season (May-June) are associated with a global pattern of correlations, negative/positive in the Southern/Northern hemisphere; 2. The short dry season (July-August) is associated with positive correlations in the South and equatorial Atlantic; 3. The second rainy season (September-October) is associated with positive correlations in the Northern Atlantic.

  9. Analysis of operating criteria: Multiple lakes at Voyageurs National Park

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flug, M.; Kallemeyn, L.W.

    1993-01-01

    An overview of lake and river regulation at Voyageurs National Park, which resides on the Minnesota-Ontario border, is given to demonstrate how water policy agreements can work. In 1905 the United States and Canada authorized private dams with turbines on the Rainy River. The International Joint Commission regulates these dams. The National Park Service is mandated to preserve the natural environment for future generations. State, private, and public sector interests are tourism, flood protection, the pulp and paper industry, native wild rice growth; etc. Rule curves for regulating reservoirs have changed and committee with broad representation is cooperating to better manage the waters of Namakan Reservoir and Rainy Lake

  10. Occurrence and distribution of fresh-water molluscs in the Riacho Fundo Creek Basin, Brasilia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins-Silva, M J; Barros, M

    2001-01-01

    To study the distribution of molluscs in the Riacho Fundo Creek (cerrado region of central Brazil), five creek sites were sampled once every two months for one year. Molluscs were sampled using standardized kick-net sampling. Four species of molluscs were found: Physella cubensis, Melanoides tuberculata, Biomphalaria straminea and Pisidium sp. The most abundant were P. cubensis and Pisidium sp. Physella cubensis was most abundant in the dry season and Pisidium sp. was most abundant in the rainy season, probably reflecting the rainy season increase of water currents.

  11. Uganda: Perfection of Post-Conflict Stability or Ticking Time Bomb

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    3 Rainie, Lee et al, “The Viral Kony 2012 Video ,” Pew Research Center, March 15, 2012, http://www.pewinternet.org/2012/03/15/the- viral -kony-2012...action-ugandan-conflict. Rainie, Lee, Paul Hitlin, Mark Jurkowitz, Michael Dimock, and Shawn Neidorf. “The Viral Kony 2012 Video .” Pew Research...Center. March 15, 2012. http://www.pewinternet.org/2012/03/15/the- viral -kony-2012- video /. “Uganda Foreign Assistance.” ForeignAssistance.gov. http

  12. [Structure and composition of terrestrial molluscs assemblages on the mogote vegetation complex of Escaleras de Jaruco, Cuba].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández Quinta, Maike; Reyes Tur, Bernardo

    2013-12-01

    Cuba has one of the richest land snail faunas of the world. This important fact has promoted different kind of studies on this group to promote conservation programs, from which many studies have directed their efforts to inventories, and population and community ecology. To contribute with this population knowledge, we studied land snails assemblages in three karstic elevations at the "Escaleras de Jaruco-Tapaste-Cheche" Natural Protected Landscape, Mayabeque, Cuba. We aimed to analyze the variation of the composition and structure of the assemblages between the rainy and little rainy months. The study was conducted from August to November 2009 and from January to April, 2010, in ten permanent square plots (9 m2) separated for over 20 m, on each elevation (Beluca, La Chirigota and La Jaula). In each plot, only live individuals were registered (physiologically active and at rest) to obtain species richness and abundance; besides, temperature (degree C) and relative humidity (%) were also considered in each plot. A total of 4248 individuals were observed which comprised two subclasses, five orders, 11 families, 20 genera and 21 species of terrestrial molluscs. From the total, 19 were Cuban endemics and eight were exclusive from Mayabeque, Matanzas. The Jaula showed the greater riches with 19 species, followed of Beluca with 17, and The Chirigota with 15. In the rainy months, La Jaula, showed individual's greater abundance with 1707, followed of Beluca with 1305 and La Chirigota with 1236. We observed differences in the population density in the three elevations between the rainy and little rainy months, which can be due to the climatic adverse conditions that are shown at the little rainy months. Additionally, during the survey we observed dominance of prosobranch species over the pulmonates. The specific abundance curves showed a steep slope, although was major in the rainy months in relation to the little rain months, which indicates the presence of dominant

  13. Aquatic macroinvertebrates of Batalha river reservoir for water captation and supply of the city of Bauru, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Calcidoni Moreira

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study the composition and diversity of aquatic macroinvertebrates were evaluated in the reservoir of water captation of Batalha river for treatment and supplying of the city of Bauru. The samples were collected in dry (from June to August, 2005 and rainy (from December, 2005 to February, 2006 seasons. We analyzed and identified 840 organisms belonging to 8 taxa in dry season and 4 taxa in rainy season. The system presented low abundance and diversity of macroinvertebrates probably due to the water quality and its physical and chemical variations associated with rain events.

  14. The Phase Diagram of Simple Metamagnets Using a Cluster Variation Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekmekci, Servet

    The Ising metamagnet is a system of Ising spins that is coupled by an antiferromagnetic interaction between the nearest neighbours and by a ferromagnetic interaction between the next nearest neighbours, or vice-versa. This model was reviewed by Kincaid and Cohen, who determined the phase diagram using mean field theory (MF). It was also treated by means of the Bethe or pair approximation by Meijer and Stamm. Kincaid and Cohen found in the MF approximation that the phase diagram changes in character when the reduced coupling constant, e lies above or below some critical value, e*. At values above e*, the second order transition line ends in a TCP point. At values below e*, the second order transition line ends in a CE point. On the other hand, the results of Meijer and Stamm show that, in the pair approximation, T* is always a critcal end point. Since the MF and pair approximations are generally regarded as particular cases of the more general cluster variation method of Kikuchi, it was important to see whether the use of clusters larger than one (MF) or two (pair approximation) sites would yield more detailed information on the nature of the end point. The method used is the natural iteration technique and the critical points are located by means of the finding the zeroes of an appropriately chosen subdeterminant of the Hessian of the free energy with respect to the cluster variables. Using the appropriate conditions for the critical points, the following results are obtained:. In the case of 2d square, when e lies in the interval, 0.25 (LESSTHEQ) (VBAR)er- (LESSTHEQ) 0.3 T* is TCP. Outside of this range, T* is a CE point. For the case of simple cubic (lattice) for which the 2d square was chosen as a basic cluster, T* was always CE point. For the first rank superstructure bcc (= 2sc) case, a tetrahedron was chosen as a basic cluster, and the result obtained was always of the TCP point type for the various values of e. For the case of the second rank superstructure

  15. Bioreactor systems for tissue engineering II. Strategies for the expansion and directed differentiation of stem cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kasper, Cornelia [Hannover Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Technische Chemie; Griensven, Martijn van [Ludwig Boltzmann Institut fuer Klinische und Experimentelle Traumatologie, Wien (Austria); Poertner, Ralf (eds.) [Technische Univ. Hamburg-Harburg (Germany). Inst. Biotechnologie und Verfahrenstechnik

    2010-07-01

    Alternative Sources of Adult Stem Cells: Human Amniotic Membrane, by S. Wolbank, M. van Griensven, R. Grillari-Voglauer, and A. Peterbauer-Scherb; - Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Human Umbilical Cord Tissues: Primitive Cells with Potential for Clinical and Tissue Engineering Applications, by P. Moretti, T. Hatlapatka, D. Marten, A. Lavrentieva, I. Majore, R. Hass and C. Kasper; - Isolation, Characterization, Differentiation, and Application of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells, by J. W. Kuhbier, B. Weyand, C. Radtke, P. M. Vogt, C. Kasper and K. Reimers; - Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells: Characteristics and Perspectives, by T. Cantz and U. Martin; - Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Technology in Regenerative Medicine and Biology, by D. Pei, J. Xu, Q. Zhuang, H.-F. Tse and M. A. Esteban; - Production Process for Stem Cell Based Therapeutic Implants: Expansion of the Production Cell Line and Cultivation of Encapsulated Cells, by C. Weber, S. Pohl, R. Poertner, P. Pino-Grace, D. Freimark, C. Wallrapp, P. Geigle and P. Czermak; - Cartilage Engineering from Mesenchymal Stem Cells, by C. Goepfert, A. Slobodianski, A.F. Schilling, P. Adamietz and R. Poertner; - Outgrowth Endothelial Cells: Sources, Characteristics and Potential Applications in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, by S. Fuchs, E. Dohle, M. Kolbe, C. J. Kirkpatrick; - Basic Science and Clinical Application of Stem Cells in Veterinary Medicine, by I. Ribitsch, J. Burk, U. Delling, C. Geissler, C. Gittel, H. Juelke, W. Brehm; - Bone Marrow Stem Cells in Clinical Application: Harnessing Paracrine Roles and Niche Mechanisms, by R. M. El Backly, R. Cancedda; - Clinical Application of Stem Cells in the Cardiovascular System, C. Stamm, K. Klose, Y.-H. Choi. (orig.)

  16. Effectiveness of a low-threshold physical activity intervention in residential aged care – results of a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cichocki M

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Martin Cichocki,1 Viktoria Quehenberger,1 Michael Zeiler,1 Tanja Adamcik,1 Matthias Manousek,1 Tanja Stamm,2 Karl Krajic1 1Ludwig Boltzmann Institute Health Promotion Research, 2Medical University of Vienna & University of Applied Sciences FH Campus, Wien, Vienna, Austria Purpose: Research on effectiveness of low-threshold mobility interventions that are viable for users of residential aged care is scarce. Low-threshold is defined as keeping demands on organizations (staff skills, costs and participants (health status, discipline rather low. The study explored the effectiveness of a multi-faceted, low-threshold physical activity program in three residential aged-care facilities in Austria. Main goals were enhancement of mobility by conducting a multi-faceted training program to foster occupational performance and thus improve different aspects of health-related quality of life (QoL.Participants and methods: The program consisted of a weekly session of 60 minutes over a period of 20 weeks. A standardized assessment of mobility status and health-related QoL was applied before and after the intervention. A total of 222 of 276 participants completed the randomized controlled trial study (intervention group n=104, control group n=118; average age 84 years, 88% female.Results: Subjective health status (EuroQoL-5 dimensions: P=0.001, d=0.36 improved significantly in the intervention group, and there were also positive trends in occupational performance (Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. No clear effects were found concerning the functional and cognitive measures applied.Conclusion: Thus, the low-threshold approach turned out to be effective primarily on subjective health-related QoL. This outcome could be a useful asset for organizations offering low-threshold physical activity interventions. Keywords: physical activity, intervention, residential aged care, effectiveness, aged

  17. A model for simulating the active dispersal of juvenile sea turtles with a case study on western Pacific leatherback turtles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspar, Philippe; Lalire, Maxime

    2017-01-01

    Oceanic currents are known to broadly shape the dispersal of juvenile sea turtles during their pelagic stage. Accordingly, simple passive drift models are widely used to investigate the distribution at sea of various juvenile sea turtle populations. However, evidence is growing that juveniles do not drift purely passively but also display some swimming activity likely directed towards favorable habitats. We therefore present here a novel Sea Turtle Active Movement Model (STAMM) in which juvenile sea turtles actively disperse under the combined effects of oceanic currents and habitat-driven movements. This model applies to all sea turtle species but is calibrated here for leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea). It is first tested in a simulation of the active dispersal of juveniles originating from Jamursba-Medi, a main nesting beach of the western Pacific leatherback population. Dispersal into the North Pacific Ocean is specifically investigated. Simulation results demonstrate that, while oceanic currents broadly shape the dispersal area, modeled habitat-driven movements strongly structure the spatial and temporal distribution of juveniles within this area. In particular, these movements lead juveniles to gather in the North Pacific Transition Zone (NPTZ) and to undertake seasonal north-south migrations. More surprisingly, juveniles in the NPTZ are simulated to swim mostly towards west which considerably slows down their progression towards the American west coast. This increases their residence time, and hence the risk of interactions with fisheries, in the central and eastern part of the North Pacific basin. Simulated habitat-driven movements also strongly reduce the risk of cold-induced mortality. This risk appears to be larger among the juveniles that rapidly circulate into the Kuroshio than among those that first drift into the North Equatorial Counter Current (NECC). This mechanism might induce marked interannual variability in juvenile survival as the

  18. Contiguous polarisation spectra of the Earth from 300-850 nm measured by GOME-2 onboard MetOp-A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilstra, L. G.; Lang, R.; Munro, R.; Aben, I.; Stammes, P.

    2013-12-01

    In this paper we present the first contiguous high-resolution spectra of the Earth's polarisation observed by a satellite instrument. The measurements of the Stokes fraction Q/I are performed by the spectrometer GOME-2 onboard the MetOp-A satellite. Polarisation measurements by GOME-2 are performed by onboard polarisation measurement devices (PMDs) and the high-resolution measurements discussed in this paper are taken in the special "PMD RAW" mode of operation. The spectral resolution of these PMD RAW polarisation measurements varies from 3 nm in the ultraviolet (UV) to 35 nm in the near-infrared wavelength range. We first compare measurements of the polarisation from cloud-free scenes with radiative transfer calculations for a number of cases. We find good agreement but also a spectral discrepancy at 800 nm, which we attribute to remaining imperfections in the calibration key data. Secondly, we study the polarisation of scenes with special scattering geometries that normally lead to near-zero Q/I. The GOME-2 polarisation spectra indeed show this behaviour and confirm the existence of the small discrepancy found earlier. Thirdly, we study the Earth polarisation for a variety of scenes. This provides a blueprint of Q/I over land and sea surfaces for various degrees of cloud cover. Fourthly, we compare the spectral dependence of measurements of Q/I in the UV with the generalised distribution function that was proposed in the past (Schutgens and Stammes, 2002) to describe the shape of the UV polarisation spectrum. The GOME-2 data confirm that these functions match the spectral behaviour captured by the GOME-2 PMD RAW mode.

  19. Contiguous polarisation spectra of the Earth from 300 to 850 nm measured by GOME-2 onboard MetOp-A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilstra, L. G.; Lang, R.; Munro, R.; Aben, I.; Stammes, P.

    2014-07-01

    In this paper we present the first contiguous high-resolution spectra of the Earth's polarisation observed by a satellite instrument. The measurements of the Stokes fraction Q/I are performed by the spectrometer GOME-2 onboard the MetOp-A satellite. Polarisation measurements by GOME-2 are performed by onboard polarisation measurement devices (PMDs) and the high-resolution measurements discussed in this paper are taken in the special "PMD RAW" mode of operation. The spectral resolution of these PMD RAW polarisation measurements varies from 3 nm in the ultraviolet (UV) to 35 nm in the near-infrared wavelength range. We first compare measurements of the polarisation from cloud-free scenes with radiative transfer calculations for a number of cases. We find good agreement but also a spectral discrepancy at 800 nm, which we attribute to remaining imperfections in the calibration key data. Secondly, we study the polarisation of scenes with special scattering geometries that normally lead to near-zero Q/I. The GOME-2 polarisation spectra indeed show this behaviour and confirm the existence of the small discrepancy found earlier. Thirdly, we study the Earth polarisation for a variety of scenes. This provides a blueprint of Q/I over land and sea surfaces for various degrees of cloud cover. Fourthly, we compare the spectral dependence of measurements of Q/I in the UV with the generalised distribution function proposed by Schutgens and Stammes (2002) to describe the shape of the UV polarisation spectrum. The GOME-2 data confirm that these functions match the spectral behaviour captured by the GOME-2 PMD RAW mode.

  20. A model for simulating the active dispersal of juvenile sea turtles with a case study on western Pacific leatherback turtles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Gaspar

    Full Text Available Oceanic currents are known to broadly shape the dispersal of juvenile sea turtles during their pelagic stage. Accordingly, simple passive drift models are widely used to investigate the distribution at sea of various juvenile sea turtle populations. However, evidence is growing that juveniles do not drift purely passively but also display some swimming activity likely directed towards favorable habitats. We therefore present here a novel Sea Turtle Active Movement Model (STAMM in which juvenile sea turtles actively disperse under the combined effects of oceanic currents and habitat-driven movements. This model applies to all sea turtle species but is calibrated here for leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea. It is first tested in a simulation of the active dispersal of juveniles originating from Jamursba-Medi, a main nesting beach of the western Pacific leatherback population. Dispersal into the North Pacific Ocean is specifically investigated. Simulation results demonstrate that, while oceanic currents broadly shape the dispersal area, modeled habitat-driven movements strongly structure the spatial and temporal distribution of juveniles within this area. In particular, these movements lead juveniles to gather in the North Pacific Transition Zone (NPTZ and to undertake seasonal north-south migrations. More surprisingly, juveniles in the NPTZ are simulated to swim mostly towards west which considerably slows down their progression towards the American west coast. This increases their residence time, and hence the risk of interactions with fisheries, in the central and eastern part of the North Pacific basin. Simulated habitat-driven movements also strongly reduce the risk of cold-induced mortality. This risk appears to be larger among the juveniles that rapidly circulate into the Kuroshio than among those that first drift into the North Equatorial Counter Current (NECC. This mechanism might induce marked interannual variability in juvenile

  1. Déterminisme des Coassements des Anoures de la ferme piscicole ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In addition, most of the species have a strong calling activity during the rainy season. Our results should permit to elaborate a standard method for amphibians survey in the Park. Keywords: Calling activity, Temporal variation, Amphibian, Banco National Park, West Africa. Sciences & Nature Vol. 5 (1) 2008: pp. 71-79 ...

  2. Quality assessment of groundwater from shallow aquifers in Hong ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Quality assessment of groundwater from shallow aquifers in Hong area, Adamawa state, northeastern Nigeria. ... The high content of fluoride and iron in the groundwater may have contributed to the high EC and TDS especially during the rainy season when the rate of leaching and infiltration is high. Keywords: Quality ...

  3. Antimicrobial activity of Phyllanthus amarus on some human ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    McRoy

    2014-03-30

    Mar 30, 2014 ... human gastrointestinal tract. METHODOLOGY. Plant collection. The plant was collected from various sites at Kwara State University Campus, Malete and within Ilorin metropolis during the rainy season in June/July. This herb was identified and authenticated at the. Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo.

  4. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The plankton of a polluted river in Ibadan city, Nigeria was studied during the early rainy season to assess spatial variation in taxa composition, abundance, distribution and diversity. Five sampling stations were established along the course of the river spanning a distance of about 10 kilometers. Forty-eight genera of.

  5. Effects of Land Use Change and Seasonality of Precipitation on Soil Nitrogen in a Dry Tropical Forest Area in the Western Llanos of Venezuela

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Pedraza, Ana Francisca; Dezzeo, Nelda

    2014-01-01

    We evaluated changes of different soil nitrogen forms (total N, available ammonium and nitrate, total N in microbial biomass, and soil N mineralization) after conversion of semideciduous dry tropical forest in 5- and 18-year-old pastures (YP and OP, resp.) in the western Llanos of Venezuela. This evaluation was made at early rainy season, at end rainy season, and during dry season. With few exceptions, no significant differences were detected in the total N in the three study sites. Compared to forest soils, YP showed ammonium losses from 4.2 to 62.9% and nitrate losses from 20.0 to 77.8%, depending on the season of the year. In OP, the ammonium content increased from 50.0 to 69.0% at the end of the rainy season and decreased during the dry season between 25.0 and 55.5%, whereas the nitrate content increased significantly at early rainy season. The net mineralization and the potentially mineralizable N were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in OP than in forest and YP, which would indicate a better quality of the substrate in OP for mineralization. The mineralization rate constant was higher in YP than in forest and OP. This could be associated with a reduced capacity of these soils to preserve the available nitrogen. PMID:25610907

  6. Microelement contents of two Panicum maximum varieties as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study was carried out to determine the influence of variety, manure type and season on the micro mineral content of two P. maximum varieties. The trial included: two Panicum varieties (Local and Ntchisi), three manure types (cattle dung, swine dung and poultry droppings) plus control (No manure) and two seasons (rainy ...

  7. Towards prevention of allergy through an integrated multidisciplinary approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gilissen, L.J.W.J.; Heteren, van G.; Meer, van der I.M.; Hall, R.D.

    2005-01-01

    Field experiments were conducted in Soroti District, north-eastern Uganda, an area with two rainy seasons per calendar year, the first one with long, reliable rains and a second one with short, less reliable rain. The trials were with sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lamk), groundnut (Arachis

  8. Salmonella Sepsis in African Children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    studies of childhood septic arthritis in Malawi, Kenya and Zambia. (11-13). The salmonella arthritis occurred in the rainy season and occurred in young children who were often malnourished and anaemic. The shoulder was the most frequently affected joint and. Molyneux postulated that the repeated minor trauma sustained.

  9. Physico-chemical and bacteriological quality of rainwater in Egbema ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Physico-chemical and bacteriological quality of rainwater in Egbema was determined with samples harvested directly, from zinc roof, thatched roof and asbestos roof, at different periods of the rainy season namely, Early, peak and late rains. The values of the physico-chemical parameters were on the higher side at the early ...

  10. weaver, Ploceus velatus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper describes a series of observations relating to the building and destruction of nests by a Single masked weaver,. Ploceus velatus, over a period of six consecutive years. (1975 -1980 inclusive). Contrary to previous published accounts the period of most intensive activity preceded the rainy season, and nest ...

  11. Breeding biology of the eastern population of the Short-clawed Lark ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nest sites and structure were similar to those of the western population. The mean clutch size of 2.27 eggs for the eastern population was significantly smaller than the mean of 2.75 reported for the western population. There was also seasonal variation in clutch size with three-egg clutches restricted to the peak rainy season ...

  12. Soil physical criteria for evaluating irrigation suitability of Okija ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Suitability of upland soils of Anigbo Okija for irrigation was assessed using soil physical criteria of texture, depth, pore type, slope percent colour and soil structure for the purpose of estimating season farming and rainy season drought. Soils were classified using Soil Taxonomy and FAO/UNESCO legend. Mapping was ...

  13. Speciation of Heavy Metals in Sediment of Agbabu Bitumen deposit ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Speciation of heavy metals Cu, Cd, Pb, Ni, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cr and Hg was carried out on sediment of Agbabu with a sequential extraction procedure in the dry and rainy seasons of year 2008. Hg was not detected in all the fractions in the two seasons. In the dry season, all the metals were mostly abundant in Fraction-5, however ...

  14. Reproductive biology and breeding of Barbus paludinosus and B ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Before the rainy season, Barbus migrate to the marshes, marginal swamps and the Mnembo River mouth to breed. Fishery management recommendations to ensure successful breeding and recruitment of Barbus into the fishery include: (1) a closed season for active fishing gears targeting Barbus spp. and juvenile tilapias ...

  15. Some aspects of the biology of banded jewel fish, Hemichromis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... samples caught, were preserved in 10% formalin, identified, and the morphometric measurements taken. The food and feeding habits were studied using the frequency of occurrence and point methods. H. fasciatus occurred in the entire stretch of the river throughout the year with peak abundance during the rainy season.

  16. Oral treatment of Eimeria tenella -infected broilers using aqueous ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, wild Ganoderma species of mushroom grows in abundance during the rainy season. Studies were conducted to evaluate the haematological parameters and the histopathology lesions in organs of broilers treated with aqueous extract of wild Ganoderma sp. Blood and organs were collected for haematology and ...

  17. Vitamin A-related potential of wild edible plants in a school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study explored the potential of promoting edible wild plants as source of vitamin A in a resource-limited rural, South African middle-school (grades 7-9) garden, using a mixed method approach of four parallel sub-studies in the rainy season of 2007. Gardening practices in the surrounding community were determined ...

  18. Seasonal influence on microbial quality of water sources in some ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This work examined fifteen (15) different water sources in some rural communities of Zaria, Nigeria for microbial index of water quality in relation to seasonal influence from June, 2005 to May, 2006. The microbiological quality indices indicated widespread fecal contamination with the on-set of rainy season Escherichia coli ...

  19. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chem. Soc.Ethiop. 1993,7(2) 73-78. PRECIPITATION STUDIES: THREE RAINY SEASONS. (NOVEMBER 1989 - APRIL 1992) IN HARARE, ZIMBABWE ... Department of Chemistry, University of Zimbabwe, Box MP 167, Harare, ... HCl emissions to the atmosphere given the rate of population growth in these areas and the ...

  20. Impact of climate change on extreme rainfall events and flood risk in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-08-26

    Aug 26, 2016 ... The occurrence of exceptionally heavy rainfall events and associated flash floods in many areas during recent years motivate us to study long-term changes in extreme rainfall over India. The analysis of the frequency of rainy days, rain days and heavy rainfall days as well as one-day extreme rainfall and ...