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Sample records for radionuklida uranium dalam

  1. Pengaruh Kandungan Uranium Dalam Umpan Terhadap Efisiensi Pengendapan Uranium

    OpenAIRE

    Torowati

    2010-01-01

    PENGARUH KANDUNGAN URANIUM DALAM UMPAN TERHADAP EFISIENSI PENGENDAPAN URANIUM. Setiap aktivitas analisis di Laboratorium Kendali Kualitas, Bidang Bahan Bakar Nuklir selalu dihasilkan limbah radioaktif cair. Limbah radioaktif cair di laboratorium masih mengandung uranium yang cukup besar ± 0,600 g U/l dengan keasamaan yang cukup besar pula. Karena uranium mempunyai nilai ekonomis yang cukup tinggi maka perlu USAha untuk mengambil kembali uranium tersebut. Pada kegiatan ini telah dilak...

  2. ANALISIS SEBARAN RADIONUKLIDA PADA KONDISI NORMAL UNTUK REAKTOR AEC 1000 MW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Kuntjoro

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan analisis sebaran radionuklida pada reaktor daya Atomic Energy Agency (AEC 3568 MWTh, setara dengan 1000 Mwe untuk kondisi operasi normal. Analisis dilakukan untuk dua reaktor yang terpisah sejauh 500 m dan sudut 90o satu dengan yang lain. Langkah awal dalam melakukan analisis adalah menentukan suku sumber reaktor menggunakan program komputer ORIGEN2 dan EMERALD NORMAL. ORIGEN2 digunakan untuk menentukan inventori radionuklida yang terdapat di reaktor. Selanjutnya dengan dengan menggunakan program EMERALD NORMAL dihitung suku sumber yang sampai ke cerobong reaktor. Untuk menganalisis dosis yang diterima penduduk dilakukan dengan menggunakan program PC-CREAM. Perhitungan dilakukan untuk satu dan dua PLTN di calon tapak PLTN. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah sebaran radionuklida terbesar untuk satu PLTN pada jarak 1 km dan kearah zona 9 (191,25o dan untuk dua PLTN pada jarak 1 km dan kearah zona 10 (213,75o. Radionuklida yang sampai ke penduduk melalui dua alur yaitu alur makanan dan hirupan. Untuk alur makanan berasal dari radionuklida I-131, dan terbesar melalui alur produk susu sebesar 53,40 % untuk satu maupun dua PLTN . Untuk alur hirupan ranionuklida pemberi kontribusi paparan terbesar berasal dari Kr-85m sebesar 53,80 %. Dosis total terbesar yang diterima penduduk terdapat pada jarak 1 Km untuk bayi yaitu sebesar 4,10 μSi dan 11,26 μSi untuk satu dan dua PLTN. Hasil ini sangat kecil dibandingkan dengan batas dosis yang diijinkan oleh badan pengawas (BAPETEN untuk penduduk yaitu sebesar 1 mSi. Kata Kunci : Reaktor daya, komputer code, radionuklida, alur makanan, hirupan   Analysis for radionuclide dispersion for the Atomic Energy Agency (AEC 3568 MWth Power Reactor, equal to the 1000 MWe at normal condition has been done. Analysis was done for two piles that is separated by 500 m distance and angle of 90o one to other. Initial pace in doing the analysis is to determine reactors source term using ORIGEN2 and EMERALD NORMAL

  3. Disain Sistem Pemantauan Lingkungan Untuk Evaluasi Lepasan Radionuklida dari Subsistem pada Kecelakaan Reaktor Daya PWR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Kuntjoro

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available PLTN. (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Nuklir sebagai sumber energi baru dipilih sebagai alternatif, karena memiliki berbagai kelebihan yaitu ramah lingkungan, pasokan bahan bakar yang tidak bergantung musim, serta harganya yang dapat bersaing dengan pembangkit listrik yang lain. Namun demikian, adanya keraguan sebagian masyarakat tentang keselamatan radiasi PLTN, maka pemerintah harus bisa meyakinkan tentang operasi PLTN yang aman dan selamat. Penelitian tentang disain sistem pemantauan lingkungan untuk evaluasi lepasan radionuklida dari subsistem reaktor dan lingkungan akibat terjadinya kecelakaan pada reaktor daya telah dilakukan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan melakukan perhitungan sebaran radionuklida ke subsistem dan lingkungan serta membuat sistim monitoring radiasi di lingkungan. Sistem monitoring lingkungan terdiri dari system pencacah radiasi, sistem peringatan dini, sistem pengukuran meteorologi, sistem GPS dan system GIS. Sistem pencacah radiasi digunakan untuk mencatat data radiasi, sistem pengukuran meteorologi digunakan untuk mencatat data arah dan kecepatan angin, sedangkan sistem GPS digunakan untuk menentukan data posisi pengukuran. Data tersebut kemudian dikirimkan ke system akuisisi data untuk ditransmisikan ke pusat kendali. Pengumpulan dan pengiriman data dilakukan melalui SMS menggunakan perangkat modem yang ditempatkan di ruang kendali. Ruang kendali menerima data dari berbagai tempat pengukuran. Dalam hal ini ruang kendali memiliki fungsi sebagai SMS gateway. Sistem ini dapat memvisualisasi untuk lokasi pengukuran yang berbeda. Selanjutnya, data posisi dan data radiasi diintegrasikan dengan peta digital. Integrasi sistem tersebut kemudian divisualisasikan dalam personal komputer. Untuk posisi pengukuran terlihat langsung di peta dan untuk data radiasi ditampilkan di monitor dengan tanda lingkaran merah atau hijau yang digunakan sebagai pemonitor batas aman radiasi. Bila tanda lingkaran berwarna merah maka akan menyalakan alarm di

  4. REDUKSI AKTIVITAS URANIUM DALAM LIMBAH RADIOAKTIF CAIR MENGGUNAKAN PROSES ELEKTROKOAGULASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prayitno Prayitno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK REDUKSI AKTIVITAS URANIUM DALAM LIMBAH RADIOAKTIF CAIR MENGGUNAKAN PROSES ELEKTROKOAGULASI. Limbah yang dihasilkan dari proses pengembangan bahan industri bersifat radioaktif yang mengandung uranium yang dapat menimbulkan dampak negatif pada manusia dan lingkungan. Pengolahan limbah radioaktif pada saat ini masih banyak menggunakan bahan-bahan kimia.Penambahanbahan kimiauntuk mereduksi bahan pencemar dinilai kurang efisien karena kurang ramah lingkungan, memerlukan waktu yang lama, dan biaya yang mahal. Untuk itu akan diterapkan metode proses elektrokoagulasi untuk menurunkan aktivitas uranium dari larutan limbah cair. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efisiensi penurunan aktivitas uranium dalam limbah radioaktif cair yang dihasilkan pada proses elektrokoagulasi dengan variasi tegangan, waktu tinggal, jarak elektroda dan pH inlet limbah. Limbah simulasi yang digunakan memiliki kadar kontaminan uranium sebesar 500 mg/L. Percobaan ini dilakukan dengan metode batch dengan elektroda aluminium. Hasil penelitian diperoleh parameter optimal pada tegangan 12,50 V, jarak 1 cm, pH 7, dan waktu proses selama 60 menit diperoleh efisiensi penurunan limbah uranium sebesar 97,20 %. Kata Kunci:elektrokoagulasi, reduksi limbah uranium, tegangan, aluminium. ABSTRACT REDUCTION OF URANIUM ACTIVITIES IN LIQUID WASTE RADIOACTIVE BY USING OF ELCTROCOAGULATION PROCESS.  Waste generated from the process of the industrial material development one of which waste containing uranium radioactive, can have negative impact on humans and the environment. In  the present time, chemicals are still mostly use in radioactive waste treatment. To reduce pollutants with the use of chemicals is less efficient, because less environmentally friendly, take long time and costly. Therefore, a system of electrocoagulation process will be applied to decrease the activity of uranium from waste solution. The purpose of this study is to determine the efficiency of uranium

  5. Bioassay method for Uranium in urine by Delay Neutron counting; Metoda Bioassay Uranium dalam urin dengan pencacahan Netron Kasip

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suratman,; Purwanto,; Sukarman-Aminjoyo, [Yogyakarta Nuclear Research Centre, National Atomic Energy Agency, Yogyakarta (Indonesia)

    1996-04-15

    A bioassay method for uranium in urine by neutron counting has been studied. The aim of this research is to obtain a bioassay method for uranium in urine which is used for the determination of internal dose of radiation workers. The bioassay was applied to the artificially uranium contaminated urine. The weight of the contaminant was varied. The uranium in the urine was irradiated in the Kartini reactor core, through pneumatic system. The delayed neutron was counted by BF3 neutron counter. Recovery of the bioassay was between 69.8-88.8 %, standard deviation was less than 10 % and the minimum detection was 0.387 {mu}g.

  6. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamdoun, N.A.

    2007-01-01

    The article includes a historical preface about uranium, discovery of portability of sequential fission of uranium, uranium existence, basic raw materials, secondary raw materials, uranium's physical and chemical properties, uranium extraction, nuclear fuel cycle, logistics and estimation of the amount of uranium reserves, producing countries of concentrated uranium oxides and percentage of the world's total production, civilian and military uses of uranium. The use of depleted uranium in the Gulf War, the Balkans and Iraq has caused political and environmental effects which are complex, raising problems and questions about the effects that nuclear compounds left on human health and environment.

  7. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuney, M.; Pagel, M.; Leroy, J.

    1992-01-01

    First, this book presents the physico-chemical properties of Uranium and the consequences which can be deduced from the study of numerous geological process. The authors describe natural distribution of Uranium at different scales and on different supports, and main Uranium minerals. A great place in the book is assigned to description and classification of uranium deposits. The book gives also notions on prospection and exploitation of uranium deposits. Historical aspects of Uranium economical development (Uranium resources, production, supply and demand, operating costs) are given in the last chapter. 7 refs., 17 figs

  8. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1984-01-01

    The article briefly discusses the Australian government policy and the attitude of political party factions towards the mining and exporting of the uranium resources in Australia. Australia has a third of the Western World's low-cost uranium resources

  9. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poty, B.; Cuney, M.; Bruneton, P.; Virlogeux, D.; Capus, G.

    2010-01-01

    With the worldwide revival of nuclear energy comes the question of uranium reserves. For more than 20 years, nuclear energy has been neglected and uranium prospecting has been practically abandoned. Therefore, present day production covers only 70% of needs and stocks are decreasing. Production is to double by 2030 which represents a huge industrial challenge. The FBR-type reactors technology, which allows to consume the whole uranium content of the fuel, is developing in several countries and will ensure the long-term development of nuclear fission. However, the implementation of these reactors (the generation 4) will be progressive during the second half of the 21. century. For this reason an active search for uranium ores will be necessary during the whole 21. century to ensure the fueling of light water reactors which are huge uranium consumers. This dossier covers all the aspects of natural uranium production: mineralogy, geochemistry, types of deposits, world distribution of deposits with a particular attention given to French deposits, the exploitation of which is abandoned today. Finally, exploitation, ore processing and the economical aspects are presented. Contents: 1 - the uranium element and its minerals: from uranium discovery to its industrial utilization, the main uranium minerals (minerals with tetravalent uranium, minerals with hexavalent uranium); 2 - uranium in the Earth's crust and its geochemical properties: distribution (in sedimentary rocks, in magmatic rocks, in metamorphic rocks, in soils and vegetation), geochemistry (uranium solubility and valence in magmas, uranium speciation in aqueous solution, solubility of the main uranium minerals in aqueous solution, uranium mobilization and precipitation); 3 - geology of the main types of uranium deposits: economical criteria for a deposit, structural diversity of deposits, classification, world distribution of deposits, distribution of deposits with time, superficial deposits, uranium

  10. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mackay, G.A.

    1978-01-01

    The author discusses the contribution made by various energy sources in the production of electricity. Estimates are made of the future nuclear contribution, the future demand for uranium and future sales of Australian uranium. Nuclear power growth in the United States, Japan and Western Europe is discussed. The present status of the six major Australian uranium deposits (Ranger, Jabiluka, Nabarlek, Koongarra, Yeelerrie and Beverley) is given. Australian legislation relevant to the uranium mining industry is also outlined

  11. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-01-01

    The development, prospecting, research, processing and marketing of South Africa's uranium industry and the national policies surrounding this industry form the headlines of this work. The geology of South Africa's uranium occurences and their positions, the processes used in the extraction of South Africa's uranium and the utilisation of uranium for power production as represented by the Koeberg nuclear power station near Cape Town are included in this publication

  12. Kajian Sebaran Radioaktif Gamma dalam Lingkungan Airtanah di Sisi Selatan Gunungapi Merapi, Desa Wukirsari, Kecamatan Cangkringan, Kabupaten Sleman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas R. P. Lakafi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Wukirsari Kecamatan Cangkringan Kabupaten Sleman. Radioaktif alam adalah radioaktif yang berasal dari radiasi yang ada di bumi. Radionuklida alam penyumbang terbesar terhadap besarnya paparan gamma ke manusia adalah anak luruh Uranium-238 (U-238. Radionuklida tersebut akan sangat berbahaya bagi manusia jika mencemari airtanah yang akan digunakan manusia.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji persebaran radioaktivitas gamma dalam airtanah bebasdi daerah penelitianakibat erupsi Gunungapi Merapi 2010 dan merumuskan upaya strategik pengelolaan lingkungan untuk menangani permasalahan potensi terkontaminasinya airtanah oleh radioaktif. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey.Metode sistematik berdasarkan grid untuk menentukan titik sampel dan pola aliran airtanah. Untuk memperoleh data kualitas airtanah menggunakan metode purposif dengan mempertimbangkan titik sampel yang diambil harus berada pada satu jalur aliran airtanah yang ditunjukkan dalam pola aliran airtanah. Data yang diperoleh berupa data aktivitas radioaktif dan dosis efektif. Tujuan kedua dicapai dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan menggunakan data sebaran dosis efektif sebagai acuan alternatif strategi pengelolaan lingkungan yang diberikan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, aktivitas radioaktif gamma U-238 pada airtanah dilokasi penelitian masih aman karena masih di bawah baku mutu berdasarkan Keputusan Kepala Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir nomor: 02/Ka-BAPETEN/V-99 tentang baku tingkat radioaktivitas lingkungan yaitu 1x103 Bq/liter untuk syarat aktivitas U-238 di air. Dari hasil pengujian didapati bahwa, aktivitas U-238 rentang  yaitu 0,123±0,04 Bq/liter sampai 0,283±0,011 Bq/liter. Untuk dosis efektif didapati bahwa sebaran dosis efektif di daerah penelitian juga masih sangat rendah dan aman yaitu berada pada 4,00 µSv/tahun hingga 8,14 µSv/tahun. Dosis efektif di daerah penelitian masih jauh di bawah batas ambang yang ditentukan

  13. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stewart, E.D.J.

    1974-01-01

    A discussion is given of uranium as an energy source in The Australian economy. Figures and predictions are presented on the world supply-demand position and also figures are given on the added value that can be achieved by the processing of uranium. Conclusions are drawn about Australia's future policy with regard to uranium (R.L.)

  14. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toens, P.D.

    1981-03-01

    The geological setting of uranium resources in the world can be divided in two basic categories of resources and are defined as reasonably assured resources, estimated additional resources and speculative resources. Tables are given to illustrate these definitions. The increasing world production of uranium despite the cutback in the nuclear industry and the uranium requirements of the future concluded these lecture notes

  15. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whillans, R.T.

    1981-01-01

    Events in the Canadian uranium industry during 1980 are reviewed. Mine and mill expansions and exploration activity are described, as well as changes in governmental policy. Although demand for uranium is weak at the moment, the industry feels optimistic about the future. (LL)

  16. Uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, R M

    1976-01-01

    Evidence of expanding markets, improved prices and the short supply of uranium became abundantly clear in 1975, providing the much needed impetus for widespread activity in all phases of uranium operations. Exploration activity that had been at low levels in recent years in Canada was evident in most provinces as well as the Northwest Territories. All producers were in the process of expanding their uranium-producing facilities. Canada's Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) by year-end had authorized the export of over 73,000 tons of U/sub 3/0/sub 8/ all since September 1974, when the federal government announced its new uranium export guidelines. World production, which had been in the order of 25,000 tons of U/sub 3/0/sub 8/ annually, was expected to reach about 28,000 tons in 1975, principally from increased output in the United States.

  17. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perkin, D.J.

    1982-01-01

    Developments in the Australian uranium industry during 1980 are reviewed. Mine production increased markedly to 1841 t U 3 O 8 because of output from the new concentrator at Nabarlek and 1131 t of U 3 O 8 were exported at a nominal value of $37.19/lb. Several new contracts were signed for the sale of yellowcake from Ranger and Nabarlek Mines. Other developments include the decision by the joint venturers in the Olympic Dam Project to sink an exploration shaft and the release of an environmental impact statement for the Honeymoon deposit. Uranium exploration expenditure increased in 1980 and additions were made to Australia's demonstrated economic uranium resources. A world review is included

  18. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gabelman, J.W.; Chenoweth, W.L.; Ingerson, E.

    1981-01-01

    The uranium production industry is well into its third recession during the nuclear era (since 1945). Exploration is drastically curtailed, and many staffs are being reduced. Historical market price production trends are discussed. A total of 3.07 million acres of land was acquired for exploration; drastic decrease. Surface drilling footage was reduced sharply; an estimated 250 drill rigs were used by the uranium industry during 1980. Land acquisition costs increased 8%. The domestic reserve changes are detailed by cause: exploration, re-evaluation, or production. Two significant discoveries of deposits were made in Mohave County, Arizona. Uranium production during 1980 was 21,850 short tons U 3 O 8 ; an increase of 17% from 1979. Domestic and foreign exploration highlights were given. Major producing areas for the US are San Juan basin, Wyoming basins, Texas coastal plain, Paradox basin, northeastern Washington, Henry Mountains, Utah, central Colorado, and the McDermitt caldera in Nevada and Oregon. 3 figures, 8 tables

  19. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1983-01-01

    Recent decisions by the Australian Government will ensure a significant expansion of the uranium industry. Development at Roxby Downs may proceed and Ranger may fulfil two new contracts but the decision specifies that apart from Roxby Downs, no new mines should be approved. The ACTU maintains an anti-uranium policy but reaction to the decision from the trade union movement has been muted. The Australian Science and Technology Council (ASTEC) has been asked by the Government to conduct an inquiry into a number of issues relating to Australia's role in the nuclear fuel cycle. The inquiry will examine in particular Australia's nuclear safeguards arrangements and the adequacy of existing waste management technology. In two additional decisions the Government has dissociated itself from a study into the feasibility of establishing an enrichment operation and has abolished the Uranium Advisory Council. Although Australian reserves account for 20% of the total in the Western World, Australia accounts for a relatively minor proportion of the world's uranium production

  20. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1981-01-01

    The French Government has decided to freeze a substantial part of its nuclear power programme. Work has been halted on 18 reactors. This power programme is discussed, as well as the effect it has on the supply of uranium by South Africa

  1. Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Battey, G.C.; McKay, A.D.

    1988-01-01

    Production for 1986 was 4899 t U 3 O 8 (4154 t U), 30% greater than in 1985, mainly because of a 39% increase in production at Ranger. Exports for 1986 were 4166 t U 3 O 8 at an average f.o.b. unit value of $40.57/lb U 3 O 8 . Private exploration expenditure for uranium in Australia during the 1985-86 fiscal year was $50.2 million. Plans were announced to increase the nominal capacity of the processing plant at Ranger from 3000 t/year U 3 O 8 to 4500 t and later to 6000 t/year. Construction and initial mine development at Olympic Dam began in March. Production is planned for mid 1988 at an annual rate of 2000 t U 3 O 8 , 30 000 t Cu, and 90 000 oz (2800 kg) Au. The first long-term sales agreement was concluded in September 1986. At the Manyingee deposit, testing of the alkaline solution mining method was completed, and the treatment plant was dismantled. Spot market prices (in US$/lb U 3 O 8 ) quoted by Nuexco were generally stable. From January-October the exchange value fluctuated from US$17.00-US$17.25; for November and December it was US$16.75. Australia's Reasonably Assured Resources of uranium recoverable at less than US$80/kg U at December 1986 were estimated as 462 000 t U, 3000 t U less than in 1985. This represents 30% of the total low-cost RAR in the WOCA (World Outside the Centrally Planned Economy Areas) countries. Australia also has 257 000 t U in the low-cost Estimated Additional Resources Category I, 29% of the WOCA countries' total resources in this category

  2. Transgender Dalam Persepsi Masyarakat

    OpenAIRE

    Jasruddin, Jasruddin; Daud, Jasmin

    2015-01-01

    Fenomena transgender dalam masyarakat mendapatkan berbagai macam reaksi. Kasus-kasus pun banyak bermunculan sehingga membutuhkan penanganan. Dalam penelitian ini memfokuskan pada persepsi masyarakat kota Makassar terhadap keberadaan transgender. Untuk menjawabnya peneliti menggunakan pendekatan secara agama dan sosiologi. Adapun jenis penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode survey , yaitu dengan melakukan pendekatan langsung terhadap masyarakat kota Makassar se...

  3. CRITICALITY ANALYSIS OF URANIUM STORAGE FACILITY WITH FORMATION RACKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Kuntjoro

    2017-03-01

    ANALISIS KRITIKALITAS DI FASILITAS PENYIMPANAN BAHAN URANIUM DENGAN FORMASI PENGATURAN RAK. Bahan uranium dibutuhkan untuk produksi bahan bakar reaktor penelitian dan radioisotop. Bahan uranium sebelum digunakan terlebih dahulu disimpan pada fasilitas penyimpanan. Salah satu prasyarat fasilitas penyimpanan bahan uranium adalah fasilitas tersebut harus dalam kondisi sub-kritis. Bila kondisi kritis terjadi mengakibatkan proses fissi pada bahan uranium tidak terkendali, sehingga akan menimbulkan suhu yang sangat tinggi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa kondisi kritikalitas dari fasilitas penyimpanan bahan uranium yang berada di PT. INUKI (Persero untuk menjamin fasilitas tersebut dalam kondisi sub-kritis. Analisis kritikalitas dilakukan menggunakan program MCNP-5 untuk mengetahui tingkat kritikalitas dari tiga fasilitas penyimpanan bahan uranium untuk kondisi awal dan kondisi setelah ditambahkan rak penyimpanan. Untuk fasilitas penyimpanan 1 dan 2 dibuat tiga skenario pengaturan container pada rak penyimpanan, sedangkan pada fasilitas penyimpanan 3 dilakukan 1 skenario.  Hasil ini menunjukkan seluruh fasilitas penyimpanan pada kondisi awal dan setelah ditambah rak penyimpanan dalam kondisi sub-kritis (k-eff<1. Hasil tersebut selanjutnya dipergunakan sebagai dasar untuk menyusun manejemen pengelolaan bahan uranium. Selain itu juga digunakan sebagai dasar untuk pembuatan ijin dari badan pengawas (BAPETEN. Kata Kunci : kritikalitas, fasilitas penyimpanan berbahan uranium,  k-eff

  4. Kemitraan Keluarga dalam Menangkal Radikalisme

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    Ervi Siti Zahroh Zidni

    2018-01-01

    Gerakan radikalisme menjadi sebuah tantangan tersendiri untuk orang tua, diperlukan adanya kerjasama antara suami istri dalam tarbiyatul awlad. Kerjasama antara ayah ibu dalam mendidik anaknya akan menjadi lebih efektif dalam menangkal faham radikalisme. Gerakan-gerakan dan doktrin anti Pancasila yang ingin mengubah nya menjadi syari’at Islam atau Negara Islam menjadi ancaman besar bagi bangsa Indonesia. Peran kemitraan dalam keluarga antara ayah dan ibu untuk melakukan kontrol terhadap apa saja yang dipelajari dan diserap oleh anak-anak. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan pedekatan kualitif melalui pengamatan pada kondisi sosial dan keluarga sebagai bagain terkecil dalam masyarakat. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa peran keluarga sangat penting dalam menangkal radikalisme melalui kemitraan antara suami dan istri. Pendidikan anak bukan hanya kewajiban istri akan tetapi merupakan tanggung jawab ayah. Dari hubungan yang harmonis antara keduanya melalui kemitraan keluarga menjadi modal utama dalam menangkal radikalisme. Kata Kunci: Radikalisme, Kemitraan Keluarga, Mencegah Radikalisme

  5. Perilaku Religiusitas dalam Ruwat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunarno Sunarno

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Ruwatan sebagai bentuk budaya lokal dengan dalang ruwat sebagai tokoh yang berperan utama dalam prosesi ritual ruwatan yang memiliki religiusitas dalam mengemban tugas ngruwat. Religiusitas dalang ruwat ini adalah religiusitas yang sangat sarat dan erat dengan Agami Jawi. Penelitian dalam skripsi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seperti apakah religiusitas dalang ruwat, dan bagaimanakah perilaku religiusitasnya. Pertanyaan penelitian ini secara operasional adalah Secara kognitif meliputi konsepsi keTuhanan, konsepsi tentang nabi, dan konsepsi kitab suci. Secara afektif, apakah ada pengalaman-pengalaman religiusitas, dan perasaan-perasaan religius. Sedangkan secara psikomotorik meliputi, seperti apakah bentuk ritual dalang ruwat, dan bagaimanakah perilaku religiusitas riil dalam hidup sehari-hari. Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah dalang ruwat berjumlah 2 orang, dengan karakteristik (a mereka yang telah lanjut usia, atau setidak-tidaknya dalang yang telah mengawinkan anaknya dalam arti mereka yang telah matang pengetahuannya dalam hal ruwatan; (b dalang yang keturunan Kyai Panjangmas. Tokoh ini merupakan dalang kenamaan pada zaman Sultan Agung di Mataram (1613-1643M; (c mereka yang mendapatkan kepercayaan dari masyarakat, dan (d berdomisili di Surakarta. Pengumpulan data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini peneliti menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi, catatan lapangan, angket data diri, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan peneliti adalah analisa induktif deskriptif. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah pertama, konsep keTuhanan dalang ruwat adalah konsep penghayatan terhadap Tuhan dengan tanpa adanya perpisahan antara seluruh alam semesta (panteisme. Kedua, nabi bagi dalang ruwat merupakan sosok yang sempurna. Ia memiliki kualitas-kualitas personal yang sempurna. Ketiga, seluruh alam raya adalah kitab suci Tuhan, karena seluruh jagad raya ini adalah emanasi Tuhan. Keempat, meditasi, samadhi, wening atau pujo broto

  6. Depleted uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huffer, E.; Nifenecker, H.

    2001-02-01

    This document deals with the physical, chemical and radiological properties of the depleted uranium. What is the depleted uranium? Why do the military use depleted uranium and what are the risk for the health? (A.L.B.)

  7. Keadilan dalam Pemberian Kompensasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhartini Suhartini

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Keadilan merupakan “jantung”-nya sistem kompensasi. Keadilan dalam kompensasi dapat dibedakan 3 (tiga yaitu: keadilan individual, keadilan internal dan keadilan eksternal. Apabila terjadi ketidakadilan maka akan berdampak pada menurunnya daya tarik pekerjaan, yang pada akhirnya akan mengakibatkan meningkatnya perputaran karyawan, ketidakpuasan terhadap pekerjaan maupun absensi.Kata kunci: kompensasi, keadilan.

  8. RELASI CINTA DALAM TASAWUF

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    Suwito Suwito

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article discusses the relationship of love in the Sufi perspective. Opositorum Coindencia theory is used to dissect this relationṢip , so that the devil Sufism is seen as a "sparring partner" in human spiritual quality improvement activities. This article shows that the Sufi tradition mainly in Waḥdah al-Wujūd, using imaginal thinking mindset see and understand the duality (bipolar, even though this diversity is unity of opposites. In the context of Sufi, masculinity—whichstated that the dominant sociological—declared substantially have "weaknesses." Because masculinity will not appear if there is no femininity. While in the context of the birth of the universe and the form of anything that is in fact born out of the urge of love that goes on this feminine category. In other words, masculinity will not be born if it is not driven by the feminine aspect. This is the "mystery of immense power" aspect of femininity in Sufi discourse. Thus, there is nothing more superiority between these two aspects. Relation is equal based on and effect of love. Abstrak: Artikel ini membahas tentang relasi cinta dalam perspektif Sufi. Teori Coindencia Opositorum dipakai untuk membedah relasi ini, sehingga dalam Sufisme setan dipandang sebagai “sparing partner” manusia dalam melakukan kegiatan peningkatan kualitas ruhani. Artikel ini menunjukkan bahwa tradisi sufi terutama dalam tasawuf waḥdat al-wujūd, dengan menggunakan pola pikir imaginal thinking melihat dan memahami dualitas (bipolar, bahkan keragaman sekalipun ini adalah unity of opposites. Dalam konteks sufi, maskulinitas—yang dinyatakan yang secara sosiologis dinyatakan dominan itu— secara substansial memiliki “kelemahan”. Karena maskulinitas tidak akan muncul jika tidak ada femininitas. Sementara dalam konteks lahirnya wujud semesta dan apapun yang ada justru lahir karena dorongan cinta yang masuk pada kategori feminin ini. Dengan kata lain, maskulinitas tidak akan

  9. Kosmologis Tetabuhan dalam Upacara Ngaben

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    I Nyoman Cau Arsana

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini difokuskan pada dua hal, yaitu: (1 mendeskripsikan hubungan musik dan ritual melalui penggunaan tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben dan (2 menemukan aspek-aspek kosmologis tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben. Penelitian ini menggunakan perspektif etnomusikologis dipadukan dengan konsep agama dan filsafat bunyi yang tertuang dalam lontar Prakempa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang sangat erat antara tetabuhan dan upacara ngaben yang teraplikasi lewat penggunaan tetabuhan dalam prosesi upacara ngaben. Penggunaan tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben berkaitan erat dengan aspek-aspek kosmologis. Suara yang dijadikan dasar dari nada-nada gamelan Bali adalah suara (bunyi yang keluar dari alam. Suara tersebut digabungkan menjadi sepuluh suara yaitu panca suara patut pelog dan panca suara patut slendro yang menyebar ke seluruh penjuru alam. Tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben, melalui jalinan nada-nada merupakan manifestasi dari pemujaan kepada ista dewata sebagai cermin konsep keseimbangan mikrokosmos, makrokosmos, dan metakosmos.   Penelitian ini difokuskan pada dua hal, yaitu: (1 mendeskripsikan hubungan musik dan ritual melalui penggunaan tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben dan (2 menemukan aspek-aspek kosmologis tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben. Penelitian ini menggunakan perspektif etnomusikologis dipadukan dengan konsep agama dan filsafat bunyi yang tertuang dalam lontar Prakempa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang sangat erat antara tetabuhan dan upacara ngaben yang teraplikasi lewat penggunaan tetabuhan dalam prosesi upacara ngaben. Penggunaan tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben berkaitan erat dengan aspek-aspek kosmologis. Suara yang dijadikan dasar dari nada-nada gamelan Bali adalah suara (bunyi yang keluar dari alam. Suara tersebut digabungkan menjadi sepuluh suara yaitu panca suara patut pelog dan panca suara patut slendro yang menyebar ke seluruh penjuru alam. Tetabuhan dalam upacara ngaben, melalui jalinan nada

  10. Uranium conversion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliver, Lena; Peterson, Jenny; Wilhelmsen, Katarina

    2006-03-01

    FOI, has performed a study on uranium conversion processes that are of importance in the production of different uranium compounds in the nuclear industry. The same conversion processes are of interest both when production of nuclear fuel and production of fissile material for nuclear weapons are considered. Countries that have nuclear weapons ambitions, with the intention to produce highly enriched uranium for weapons purposes, need some degree of uranium conversion capability depending on the uranium feed material available. This report describes the processes that are needed from uranium mining and milling to the different conversion processes for converting uranium ore concentrate to uranium hexafluoride. Uranium hexafluoride is the uranium compound used in most enrichment facilities. The processes needed to produce uranium dioxide for use in nuclear fuel and the processes needed to convert different uranium compounds to uranium metal - the form of uranium that is used in a nuclear weapon - are also presented. The production of uranium ore concentrate from uranium ore is included since uranium ore concentrate is the feed material required for a uranium conversion facility. Both the chemistry and principles or the different uranium conversion processes and the equipment needed in the processes are described. Since most of the equipment that is used in a uranium conversion facility is similar to that used in conventional chemical industry, it is difficult to determine if certain equipment is considered for uranium conversion or not. However, the chemical conversion processes where UF 6 and UF 4 are present require equipment that is made of corrosion resistant material

  11. Uranium exploration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Voto, R.H.

    1984-01-01

    This paper is a review of the methodology and technology that are currently being used in varying degrees in uranium exploration activities worldwide. Since uranium is ubiquitous and occurs in trace amounts (0.2 to 5 ppm) in virtually all rocks of the crust of the earth, exploration for uranium is essentially the search of geologic environments in which geologic processes have produced unusual concentrations of uranium. Since the level of concentration of uranium of economic interest is dependent on the present and future price of uranium, it is appropriate here to review briefly the economic realities of uranium-fueled power generation. (author)

  12. Identitas Etnik Dalam Komunikasi Politik

    OpenAIRE

    Lampe, Ilyas

    2010-01-01

    Identifikasi identitas etnik yang lazim dilakukan pada masyarakat multietnik senantiasa diarahkanpada situasi dan konteks di mana seseorang berada. Dalam konteks politik, terutama pada lembagaseperti Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah (DPRD), identifikasi identitas etnik menjadi hal pentingdalam aktifitas politik. Identitas etnik adalah sesuatu yang problematik ketika dihadapkan dengankomunikasi politik, terutama dalam sistem pemilu yang demokratis. Hal tersebut bisa menjadi pembedaatau ko-identi...

  13. Hemoprotein dalam Tubuh Manusia

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    Husnil Kadri

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Hemoprotein adalah protein dengan kandungan hem yang terdapat hampir dalam semua sel manusia, hewan, dan pigmen fotosintesis tumbuhan. Ada berbagai macam hemoprotein yang tersebar luas dalam tubuh manusia, seperti hemoglobin, myoglobin, citoglobin, neuroglobin, dan lain-lain. Semua hemoprotein tersebut memiliki fungsi beragam yang penting untuk berlangsungnya proses metabolisme dalam tubuh. Struktur hem pada pigmen fotosintesis (klorofil tumbuhan sama dengan hemoglobin pada manusia, tetapi ion logam pada klorofil adalah magnesium (Mg sedangkan pada hemoglobin adalah besi (Fe. Perbedaan inilah yang kurang diketahui oleh sebagian masyarakat sehingga ada yang mengira mengkonsumsi klorofil tumbuhan dapat meningkatkan kadar hemoglobin darah. Oleh karena itu, artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan antara hemoprotein manusia dengan klorofil dan fungsi hemoprotein dalam tubuh manusia. Berdasarkan bentuk ion Fe pada gugus hemnya, maka hemoprotein dapat dibagi atas: (1 Hemoprotein yang memiliki ion Fe2+ sehingga mampu mengikat oksigen yaitu; hemoglobin, myoglobin, neuroglobin, dan cytoglobin. (2 Hemoprotein yang memiliki ion Fe3+ sehingga berperan sebagai enzim oksidoreduktase yaitu; Sitokrom P450, Sitokrom yang terlibat dalam fosforilasi oksidatif, katalase, triptopan pirolase, dan NO sintase. Kata kunci: hemoprotein, ion Fe2+, ion Fe3+ Abstract Hemoproteins are proteins containing heme that widely distributed in humans, animals, and photosynthetic pigment of plants. There are many kind of hemoproteins in human body, such as hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytoglobin, neuroglobin, etc. Hemoproteins have the varied functions to keep normal metabolism in the body. Photosynthetic pigment of plants (chlorophyll and human’s hemoglobin have the same structure but the metal ions are different. Chlorophyll has magnesium and human’s hemoglobin has iron (Fe. Not many people knew this difference, so some people thought if consume chlorophyll will

  14. PENGGUNAAN PENDEKATANINKUIRI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN IPA

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    Erman Har

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian tindakan kelas ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikanpeningkatan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa dengan pendekatan inkuiri dalam pembelajaran IPA siswa kelas V SDN 11Lima Kaum Batusangkar.Penelitian ini adalah kolaborasi antara pelaksana penelitian dengan guru kelas dengan menggunakan instrumen lembar observasi aktivitas siswa,lembar observasi aktivitas guru dan lembar tes hasil belajar siswa.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan aktivitas siswa pada siklus I diperoleh rata-rataperhatian siswa terhadap pelajaran adalah 43,3 persen, siswa mendengarkan percakapan dari kelompok lain 43,1 persen,  kemampuan siswa dalam berkomunikasi 46,5 persen, kemauan siswa dalam mengemukakan pendapat adalah 44,8 persen, siswa terampil membaca materi adalah 44,8 persen, siswa aktif dalam kelompok adalah 49,9 persenm, siswa mampu bekerjasama dalam kelompok adalah 44,6 persen. Hasil belajar siswa pada siklus I diperoleh rata-rata 86,2, pada siklus II perhatian siswa terhadap pelajaran adalah 86,7persen, siswa mendengarkan percakapan dari kelompok lain adalah 86,6persen, kemampuan siswa dalam berkomunikasi adalah 88,3%, kemauan siswa dalam mengemukakan pendapat adalah 85,0persen, siswa terampil membaca materi adalah 83,3persen, siswa aktif dalam kelompok adalah 90,1persen, siswa mampu bekerjasama dalam kelompok adalah 91,6persen. Hasil belajar siswa pada siklus II diperoleh rata-rata 89,5. Ini berarti proses pelaksanaan pembelajaran IPA melalui pendekatan inkuiri berlangsung dengan baik.Oleh sebab itu pendekatan inkuiri dapat meningkatkan aktivitasdan hasil belajar IPA siswa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disarankan agar guru dapat menggunakan pendekatan inkuiri sebagai salah satu penedekatan dalam pembelajaran.Doi: 10.22216/jit.2014.v8i3.5

  15. Agama dalam Pandangan Futurolog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amsal Bakhtiar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : Before modern era, religion became more dominant in daily life of human being because religion institution is the sole authority to dicide either religion aspect or scientific one. But in modern era, especially after some inventions of modern science and technology, secular scientist in the West very proud of his intellectual ability to explore the nature. They neglect religion and even accused religion as an opium and illusion. In fact, human being cannot free from believing in Supra Natural Being because even though in the atheist community still respect the spirit of ancestors. Therefore, every effort to attack religion will fail because religion could not separated from basic need of human being and religion is the the sole doctrin of life in hereafter.  Naisbitt, a famous futurolog, also declares that the spiritual of religion will become dominant in new era. Keywords : Futurolog, knowledge, organized religion, fundamentalism Abstrak : Sebelum era modern, agama menjadi lebih dominan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari manusia karena institusi agama adalah otoritas tunggal untuk memutuskan, baik aspek agama atau yang ilmiah. Tetapi dalam era modern, terutama setelah beberapa penemuan ilmu pengetahuan modern dan teknologi, ilmuwan sekuler di Barat sangat bangga akan kemampuan intelektual mereka untuk menjelajahi alam. Mereka mengabaikan agama dan bahkan menuduh agama sebagai candu dan ilusi. Bahkan, manusia tidak bisa bebas dari percaya pada keberadaan Supra Natural, meskipun komunitas ateis masih menghormati roh leluhur. Oleh karena itu, segala upaya untuk menyerang agama akan gagal karena agama tidak bisa dipisahkan dari kebutuhan dasar manusia dan agama adalah satu-satunya doktrin kehidupan di akhirat. Naisbitt, seorang futurolog terkenal, juga menyatakan bahwa spiritual agama akan menjadi dominan dalam era baru.Kata kunci : Futurolog, ilmu, agama formal, fundamentalisme

  16. KOMPOSISI DALAM SENI FOTOGRAFI

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    Yekti Herlina

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The art of photography is not only a simple record of the real world, but becomes a complex creation of art and an image medium that also gives meaning and message. The quality of a good photo is not only becouse of its clear picture but also because of its proper lighting and also its good composition. Composition contains the elements of an image in a format. An image can be produced more effectively and meaningfully with an understanding of good composition. Composition is an instrument for a photographer to take the viewer beyond the experience of “peeking through someone else’s window. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Seni fotografi bukan sekedar merupakan rekaman apa adanya dari dunia nyata, tapi menjadi karya seni yang kompleks dan media gambar yang juga memberi makna dan pesan. Foto yg baik tidak cukup hanya tajam gambarnya, tetapi juga tepat pencahayaannya dalam bidang gambar dengan komposisi yang baik pula. Komposisi adalah rangkaian elemen gambar dalam suatu ruang/format. Dengan komposisi yang baik, foto akan lebih efektif menampilkan pesan pembuatnya dan menimbulkan dampak yang lebih kuat. Komposisi foto merupakan salah satu cara bagaimana fotografer mengekspresikan dirinya. Kata kunci: seni, fotografi, komposisi.

  17. Musik Dalam Pembelajaran

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    Lely Halimah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Musik adalah bunyi yang diterima oleh individu dan berbeda-beda berdasarkan sejarah, lokasi, budaya dan selera individu. Definisi sejati tentang musik juga bermacam-macam di antaranya bahwa (1 musik adalah bunyi/kesan terhadap sesuatu yang ditangkap oleh indera pendengar, (2 musik adalah suatu karya seni dengan segenap unsur pokok dan pendukungnya, dan (3 musik adalah segala bunyi yang dihasilkan secara sengaja oleh seseorang atau oleh kelompok individu yang disajikan sebagai musik. Dari beberapa definisi tersebut, maka musik merupakan segala bunyi yang dihasilkan manusia secara sengaja yang disajikan sebagai music. Berbagai penelitian menunjukkan bahwa untuk meningkatkan kecerdasan musik pada siswa dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai cara, di antaranya melalui (1 memperkenalkan musik di dalam kelas, (2 mendengarkan musik, (3 membuat instrumental musik di kelas. Untuk setiap tujuan, kelas diperkaya dengan musik dengan menggunakan beragam teknik secara bervariasi. Penggunaan musik di kelas akan membantu meningkatkan kegembiraan siswa dalam belajar dan sekaligus juga dapat meningkatkan efektivitas ketercapaian tujuan. Yang tidak kalah pentingnya belajar melalui musik dan atau belajar dengan musik, serta belajar tentang musik dapat memberikan banyak manfaat bagi perkebangan baik fisik maupun mental siswa. Melalui musik banyak yang dapat dipelajari oleh siswa di antaranya dikemukakan berikut ini. Kata Kunci: Musik, Pembelajaran

  18. TIPOGRAFI DALAM DESAIN KOMUNIKASI VISUAL

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    Priscilia Yunita Wijaya

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of Visual Communication Design is needed especially in today s information era. Just as its sound%2C the function and goal of visual communication design is to communicate to its mass audience with the right perception. One of its elements that determine the effectiveness of a design is typography. This paper is going to talk about the role of typography and how it effects a design in visual communication design. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Di dalam era informasi saat ini kehadiran desain komunikasi visual sangatlah dibutuhkan. Sesuai dengan namanya%2C desain komunikasi visual mempunyai tujuan untuk mengkomunikasikan pesan yang dapat ditangkap oleh massa dengan benar. Salah satu elemen desain yang sangat penting dalam menunjang keberhasilan suatu desain dalam berkomunikasi dengan masyarakatnya adalah tipografi. Tulisan ini membahas bagaimana dan apa peran tipografi tersebut dalam desain komunikasi visual.

  19. SUMBER AGAMA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLOGIS

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    Syaiful Hamali

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini membahas secara konseptual tentang berbagai kebutuhan dasar manusia sebagai sumber kehidupan bagi manusia dalam ranah psikologis. Melalui eksplorasi-psikologis diperoleh fakta bahwa ada berbagai macam kemampuan dasar yang dimiliki manusia yang dapat dikembangkan guna menunjang hidup dan kehidupannya. Sedangkan melalui pengamatan potensi-diri diperoleh fakta bahwa dalam diri manusia tersimpan sejumlah kemampuan bawaan, termasuk diantaranya adalah potensi untuk percaya pada supernatural (agama. Sinergi antara eksplorasi-psikologis dengan potensi-diri manusia akan membentuk sumber-sumber keyakinan terhadap agama secara psikologis. Karena itu, dalam konteks ini, tanpa adanya wahyu pun sesungguhnya manusia akan mampu mengenal Tuhan. Wahyu hanya berfungsi sebagai pemberitaan dari alam metafisika yang turun kepada manusia untuk menerangkan tentang Tuhan sekaligus kewajiban-kewajiban yang harus dilakukan manusia terhadap Sang Khalik maupun sesamanya. Singkatnya secara psikologis, siapa mengenal dirinya, niscaya ia akan mengenal Tuhannya. Karena itu manusia wajib mempercayai dan meyakini akan adanya Tuhan serta melaksanakan ajaran-ajaran agama dalam kehidupannya.

  20. PROSES KOGNITIF DALAM UNGKAPAN METAFORIS

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    deli - Nirmala

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available PROSES KOGNITIF DALAM  UNGKAPAN METAFORIS Deli Nirmala deliundip@gmail.com Abstract Speech is produced through cognitive or psychological process, physiological process, and physical process (de Saussure, 1959. The cognitive process is the focus of this study especially in producing metaphorical expressions. This paper is trying to elaborate how the cognitive process happens when someone is producing metaphorical expressions. The data used for explaining the cognitive process are the metaphorical expressions found in bahasa Indonesia. The data were collected randomly from the sources like conversation, news, or bahasa Indonesia used in Indonesian newspapers. The method used is observation and intuition. To analyze, I used identity method, distributional method, and reflective-introspective methods. The result shows that the cognitive process in producing metaphorical process is done by using associative strategies by showing the correspondences between the source concept and the target concept. The correspondences found are those in embodied experiences, characters, functions, characteristics, and strenghts.   Proses menghasilkan tuturan meliputi proses kognitif, fisiologis, dan fisik (de Saussure, 1959. Proses kogntif menjadi fokus dalam tulisan ini khususnya dalam proses menghasilkan ungkapan metaforis. Dalam tulisan ini, saya akan mencoba mengungkap bagaimana proses kognitif terjadi ketika seseorang menghasilkan ungkapan metaforis. Data yang dijadikan dasar dalam menjelaskan proses kognitif adalah ungkapan metaforis dalam bahasa Indonesia. Data dipilih secara random dari sumber berupa percakapan, berita, bahasa di surat kabar. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode observasi dan intuisi. Untuk menganalisis, saya menggunakan metode padan, distribusional, dan reflektif-introspektif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa proses kognitif dalam menghasilkan ungkapan metaforis dilakukan dengan strategi asosiatif dengan menunjukkan korespondensi

  1. Senyawa Organik Dalam Air Minum

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    Sri Soewasti Soesanto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kadar zat   organik   yang berlebihan dalam  air  minum  tidak diperbolehkan karena selain menimbulkan warna, bau dan  rasa yang tidak  diinginkan, juga mungkin bersifat toksik baik secara langsung maupun setelah bersenyawa dengan zat lain yang ada.Zat organik yang ada dalam air minum dapat berasal dari alam atau sebagai dampak dari kegiatan manusia.

  2. Intensitas Budaya dalam Dunia Kepenarian

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    I Nyoman Chaya

    2014-09-01

    ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap pemaknaan budaya yang terbangun dalam suatu fenomena ketika seseorang larut dalam petualangan dirinya dalam dunia kepenarian. Permasalahannya menyangkut proses kehidupan manusia yang menjelma ke dalam ber- bagai aktivitas yang dilampauinya sepanjang ia menekuni profesinya sebagai seniman tari (penari. Hal yang menjadi pertanyaan adalah sejauh mana konsistensi petualangan dunia kepenarian tersebut dapat memberikan kontribusi bagi nilai-nilai kehidupan membudaya, khususnya nilai-nilai yang melekat pada kehidupan pribadi manusia dalam rangka mem- bangun kesadaran atas jati dirinya sebagai seorang penari. Untuk memecahkan permasa- lahan tersebut digunakan pendekatan budaya dengan mengaplikasikan teori ideologi de- ngan perolehan data yang kemudian dicermati melalui analisis terhadap proses kehidupan penari pada umumnya serta didukung dengan pengalaman pribadi penulis yang sampai saat ini aktif berkecimpung selaku penari.  Melalui suatu kajian  terhadap aktivitas dalam kepenarian serta kesadaran terhadap dinamika kehidupan yang dialami, dipahami, dan dihayati oleh seorang penari maka terungkap suatu pemaknaan yang mengindikasikan munculnya intensitas budaya. Intensitas budaya tersebut terpatri menjadi sebuah potensi atau kekuatan yang melekat pada pribadi manusia (penari. Hal ini memberikan arti pada kehadiran suatu nilai yang dapat diidentifikasi sebagai eksistensi diri manusia.   Kata kunci: intensitas budaya, dunia kepenarian, eksistensi diri

  3. Czechoslovak uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pluskal, O.

    1992-01-01

    Data and knowledge related to the prospecting, mining, processing and export of uranium ores in Czechoslovakia are presented. In the years between 1945 and January 1, 1991, 98,461.1 t of uranium were extracted. In the period 1965-1990 the uranium industry was subsidized from the state budget to a total of 38.5 billion CSK. The subsidies were put into extraction, investments and geologic prospecting; the latter was at first, ie. till 1960 financed by the former USSR, later on the two parties shared costs on a 1:1 basis. Since 1981 the prospecting has been entirely financed from the Czechoslovak state budget. On Czechoslovak territory uranium has been extracted from deposits which may be classified as vein-type deposits, deposits in uranium-bearing sandstones and deposits connected with weathering processes. The future of mining, however, is almost exclusively being connected with deposits in uranium-bearing sandstones. A brief description and characteristic is given of all uranium deposits on Czechoslovak territory, and the organization of uranium mining in Czechoslovakia is described as is the approach used in the world to evaluate uranium deposits; uranium prices and actual resources are also given. (Z.S.) 3 figs

  4. Kewalian Dalam Tasawuf Nusantara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunasril Ali

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : This article discusses the doctrine of Sainthood (al-walāyah which has a strong basis in the Qur’an and adīth and it has been elaborated systematically through Ibn ‘Arabi’s vast and complex teachings. While in the study of Sufism in the archipelago, the term saint (walī has been known along with the spread of Islam began in the archipelago, and it refers to two meanings; as the person who has the occulties as the implications of the sanctity and walī as the ruler of a particular region. Regardless the definition and scope, the true doctrine of sainthood can not be separated from the teaching of the prophetic and apostolic message which implies the human world is not only the physical realm, but there is a metaphysical world that has not been known to human and from which the physical world is controlled.Keywords : saint (walī, miracles, Muhammadan light (Nūr Muhammadi, sainthood, prophethood, seal of the saint Abstrak : Artikel ini mendiskusikan dokrin Kewalian (al-walāyah yang mempunyai basis yang kuat dalam al-Qur’an dan hadis dan isu ini secara sistematis dibahas melalui ajaran Ibn ‘Arabi yang kompleks. Sementara dalam kajian tasawuf di Nusantara, sebutan wali ini sudah mulai dikenal bersamaan dengan masuknya Islam ke negeri ini yang mengacu kepada dua pengertian, wali sebagai orang yang memiliki kesaktian-kesaktian (occulties sebagai implikasi dari kekeramatan dan wali sebagai penguasa wilayah tertentu. Terlepas dari pengertian dan cakupannya, ajaran kewalian yang sesungguhnya tidak lepas dari ajaran tentang kenabian dan kerasulan yang menyiratkan pesan bahwa dunia manusia bukan hanya dunia material yang identik dengan kenikmatan hedonis, tetapi di balik dunia fisik terdapat dunia metafisik yang belum banyak diketahui manusia dan dari sanalah dunia fisik ini dikendalikan.Kata-kata Kunci : wali, karamah, Nur Muhammad, kewalian, kenabian, penutup para wali.

  5. Membangun Customer Relationship Management dalam Bisnis

    OpenAIRE

    Darudiato, Suparto; Novianto, Chiko; Hendra, Hendra; Reynaldo, Reynaldo; Selvi, Selvi

    2011-01-01

    Customer relationship management dapat dijadikan alat oleh perusahaan dalam mengembangkan bisnisnya agar mendapat perhatian dari customer dan pasar. Paper ini disusun berdasarkan penelitian yang menggambarkan hubungan bisnis dan pengaruh pelanggan terhadap perusahaan, serta bagaimana sebuah customer relationship management dapat membantu perusahaan dalam meraih pangsa pasar. Data dan informasi dalam studi ini didapatkan dari studi pustaka yang mengacu pada buku referensi dan jurnal yang berhu...

  6. Uranium ores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poty, B.; Roux, J.

    1998-01-01

    The processing of uranium ores for uranium extraction and concentration is not much different than the processing of other metallic ores. However, thanks to its radioactive property, the prospecting of uranium ores can be performed using geophysical methods. Surface and sub-surface detection methods are a combination of radioactive measurement methods (radium, radon etc..) and classical mining and petroleum prospecting methods. Worldwide uranium prospecting has been more or less active during the last 50 years, but the rise of raw material and energy prices between 1970 and 1980 has incited several countries to develop their nuclear industry in order to diversify their resources and improve their energy independence. The result is a considerable increase of nuclear fuels demand between 1980 and 1990. This paper describes successively: the uranium prospecting methods (direct, indirect and methodology), the uranium deposits (economical definition, uranium ores, and deposits), the exploitation of uranium ores (use of radioactivity, radioprotection, effluents), the worldwide uranium resources (definition of the different categories and present day state of worldwide resources). (J.S.)

  7. Uranium market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rubini, L.A.; Asem, M.A.D.

    1990-01-01

    The historical development of the uranium market is present in two periods: The initial period 1947-1970 and from 1970 onwards, with the establishment of a commercial market. The world uranium requirements are derived from the corresponding forecast of nuclear generating capacity, with, particular emphasis to the brazilian requirements. The forecast of uranium production until the year 2000 is presented considering existing inventories and the already committed demand. The balance between production and requirements is analysed. Finally the types of contracts currently being used and the development of uranium prices in the world market are considered. (author)

  8. Uranium enrichment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    This report looks at the following issues: How much Soviet uranium ore and enriched uranium are imported into the United States and what is the extent to which utilities flag swap to disguise these purchases? What are the U.S.S.R.'s enriched uranium trading practices? To what extent are utilities required to return used fuel to the Soviet Union as part of the enriched uranium sales agreement? Why have U.S. utilities ended their contracts to buy enrichment services from DOE?

  9. Penggunaan Mind Map dalam Pembuktian Matematika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luh Putu Ida Harini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Matematika merupakan salah satu bidang ilmu yang keberadaanya disusun dari suatu sistem yang penuh dengan perjanjian dan terbangun atas logika dari sekelompok unsur, relasi, dan operasi yang diramu secara aksiomatik serta kebenarannya harus terjamin. Dengan demikian maka pembuktian dalam matematika menjadi salah satu modal terpenting dalam pengembangan matematika. Beberapa orang menganggap pembuktian dalam matematika merupakan suatu keindahan tersendiri walaupun seringkali dalam merangkai fakta-fakta kebenaran melalui penalaran yang logis tidaklah mudah. Diperlukan banyak latihan dan pembelajaran untuk menguasai keterampilan ini. Berlatih memahami bukti adalah salah satu cara termudah dalam memulai memahami konsep matematika yang lebih abstrak.  Akan tetapi pada kenyataannya memahami bukti  yang sudah ada saja bukan merupakan hal yang mudah, apalagi jika diminta untuk membuktikan. Oleh karena itu dalam tulisan ini akan diulas salah satu alternatif penggunaan mind map dalam membantu memperkenalkan konsep terkait pembuktian dan membiasakan diri menggunakan metode-metode pembuktian yang sudah ada.

  10. Uranium mining

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lange, G.

    1975-01-01

    The winning of uranium ore is the first stage of the fuel cycle. The whole complex of questions to be considered when evaluating the profitability of an ore mine is shortly outlined, and the possible mining techniques are described. Some data on uranium mining in the western world are also given. (RB) [de

  11. Uranium enrichment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    GAO was asked to address several questions concerning a number of proposed uranium enrichment bills introduced during the 100th Congress. The bill would have restructured the Department of Energy's uranium enrichment program as a government corporation to allow it to compete more effectively in the domestic and international markets. Some of GAO's findings discussed are: uranium market experts believe and existing market models show that the proposed DOE purchase of a $750 million of uranium from domestic producers may not significantly increase production because of large producer-held inventories; excess uranium enrichment production capacity exists throughout the world; therefore, foreign producers are expected to compete heavily in the United States throughout the 1990s as utilities' contracts with DOE expire; and according to a 1988 agreement between DOE's Offices of Nuclear Energy and Defense Programs, enrichment decommissioning costs, estimated to total $3.6 billion for planning purposes, will be shared by the commercial enrichment program and the government

  12. Uranium resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1976-01-01

    This is a press release issued by the OECD on 9th March 1976. It is stated that the steep increases in demand for uranium foreseen in and beyond the 1980's, with doubling times of the order of six to seven years, will inevitably create formidable problems for the industry. Further substantial efforts will be needed in prospecting for new uranium reserves. Information is given in tabular or graphical form on the following: reasonably assured resources, country by country; uranium production capacities, country by country; world nuclear power growth; world annual uranium requirements; world annual separative requirements; world annual light water reactor fuel reprocessing requirements; distribution of reactor types (LWR, SGHWR, AGR, HWR, HJR, GG, FBR); and world fuel cycle capital requirements. The information is based on the latest report on Uranium Resources Production and Demand, jointly issued by the OECD's Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and the International Atomic Energy Agency. (U.K.)

  13. Korupsi dalam Film Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhafidilla Vebrynda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Corruption has been rooted and institutionalized in our smallest environment. The campaign to fight corruption comes from various organizations through numerous varieties of means. This study looks at the Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK campaign through a film entitled “Kita Versus Korupsi”. This study uses narrative analysis by looking at the elements of narrative, narrative structure, the analysis model of aktan and the Greimas’ semiotic square. It is found that the film narrates corruption as trouble and resistor. The various forms of corruption are narrated using the combination of techniques scene, dialogue and flashback. Abstrak: Korupsi sudah mengakar dan melembaga hingga lingkungan terkecil kita. Kampanye untuk melawannya datang dari berbagai pihak melalui beragam sarana. Penelitian ini melihat kampanye Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK melalui film “Kita Versus Korupsi”. Menggunakan metode analisis naratif dengan melihat unsur naratif, struktur naratif, analisis model aktan dan oposisi segi empat Algirdas Greimas, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa korupsi dinarasikan sebagai gangguan dan penghambat. Film tersebut selalu menghadapkan pelaku korupsi dengan pihak yang tidak korupsi secara langsung. Latar belakang pengetahuan tokoh utama tentang korupsi berpengaruh dalam pengambilan keputusannya. Berbagai bentuk korupsi dinarasikan dengan teknik penggabungan scene, dialog dan flashback.

  14. Uranium supply and demand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spriggs, M J

    1976-01-01

    Papers were presented on the pattern of uranium production in South Africa; Australian uranium--will it ever become available; North American uranium resources, policies, prospects, and pricing; economic and political environment of the uranium mining industry; alternative sources of uranium supply; whither North American demand for uranium; and uranium demand and security of supply--a consumer's point of view. (LK)

  15. Peran Green Building dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Kualitas Lingkungan Binaan

    OpenAIRE

    Baharuddin

    2012-01-01

    Presentasi ini menjelaskan tentang peran green building dalam meningkatkan kualitas lingkungan. Lebih detail menjelaskan tentang peran green building dalam lima aspek: lokasi dan site, efisiensi air, energi, material, dan kualitas lingkungan dalam ruangan

  16. Uranium, depleted uranium, biological effects; Uranium, uranium appauvri, effets biologiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Physicists, chemists and biologists at the CEA are developing scientific programs on the properties and uses of ionizing radiation. Since the CEA was created in 1945, a great deal of research has been carried out on the properties of natural, enriched and depleted uranium in cooperation with university laboratories and CNRS. There is a great deal of available data about uranium; thousands of analyses have been published in international reviews over more than 40 years. This presentation on uranium is a very brief summary of all these studies. (author)

  17. Uranium toxicology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferreyra, Mariana D.; Suarez Mendez, Sebastian

    1997-01-01

    In this paper are presented the methods and procedures optimized by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) for the determination of: natural uranium mass, activity of enriched uranium in samples of: urine, mucus, filters, filter heads, rinsing waters and Pu in urine, adopted and in some cases adapted, by the Environmental Monitoring and Internal Dosimetry Laboratory. The analyzed material corresponded to biological and environmental samples belonging to the staff professionally exposed that work in plants of the nuclear fuel cycle. For a better comprehension of the activities of this laboratory, it is included a brief description of the uranium radiochemical toxicity and the limits internationally fixed to preserve the workers health

  18. Rossing uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    In this article the geology of the deposits of the Rossing uranium mine in Namibia is discussed. The planning of the open-pit mining, the blasting, drilling, handling and the equipment used for these processes are described

  19. Uranium, depleted uranium, biological effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    Physicists, chemists and biologists at the CEA are developing scientific programs on the properties and uses of ionizing radiation. Since the CEA was created in 1945, a great deal of research has been carried out on the properties of natural, enriched and depleted uranium in cooperation with university laboratories and CNRS. There is a great deal of available data about uranium; thousands of analyses have been published in international reviews over more than 40 years. This presentation on uranium is a very brief summary of all these studies. (author)

  20. Wayang dalam Tari Sunda Gaya Priangan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iyus Rusliana

    2017-03-01

    ABSTRAK   Tulisan ini merupakan kajian terhadap potensi wayang dalam lingkup budaya Sunda subkultur Priangan, khususnya seni tari. Awalnya kata wayang diartikan untuk menyebut boneka dari kayu yang dimainkan dalang dalam pertunjukan seni pedalangan atau untuk menunjukkan ceritanya dalam pertunjukan seni padalangan, dan juga bisa secara langsung untuk menyebut seni padalangan Wayang Golek. Selanjutnya potensi wayang ini berpengaruh kuat ke dalam beberapa aspek kehidupan yang berbau kepercayaan dan juga kesenian, termasuk ke tari Sunda gaya Priangan. Karena wayang mengandung makna religius yang tersirat dalam isi ceritanya, maka wayang dalam tari Sunda gaya Priangan tidaklah lepas dari misi atau pesan moral ke arah tuntunan hidup. Lahirnya Wayang Wong Priangan, terungkap sebagai bentuk dramatari berdialog dengan membawakan cerita wayang secara utuh atau sebagian, dan senantiasa adanya pertentangan antara tokoh wayang yang jahat dengan yang menumpas kejahatan.   Kata kunci: subkultur Priangan, Tari Wayang, gaya Priangan

  1. Uranium loans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1990-01-01

    When NUEXCO was organized in 1968, its founders conceived of a business based on uranium loans. The concept was relatively straightforward; those who found themselves with excess supplies of uranium would deposit those excesses in NUEXCO's open-quotes bank,close quotes and those who found themselves temporarily short of uranium could borrow from the bank. The borrower would pay interest based on the quantity of uranium borrowed and the duration of the loan, and the bank would collect the interest, deduct its service fee for arranging the loan, and pay the balance to those whose deposits were borrowed. In fact, the original plan was to call the firm Nuclear Bank Corporation, until it was discovered that using the word open-quotes Bankclose quotes in the name would subject the firm to various US banking regulations. Thus, Nuclear Bank Corporation became Nuclear Exchange Corporation, which was later shortened to NUEXCO. Neither the nuclear fuel market nor NUEXCO's business developed quite as its founders had anticipated. From almost the very beginning, the brokerage of uranium purchases and sales became a more significant activity for NUEXCO than arranging uranium loans. Nevertheless, loan transactions have played an important role in the international nuclear fuel market, requiring the development of special knowledge and commercial techniques

  2. KONSEP KELUARGA SAKINAH DALAM TRADISI BEGALAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarif Hidayat

    2016-05-01

    transformasi nilai-nilai simbolik yang terkandung dalam perlengkapan begalan. Jika dilihat dari sisi sosiologis makna yang terkandung dalam begalan telah memenuhi sembilan fungsi keluarga yaitu, fungsi Biologis, Ekonomi, Kasih Sayang, Pendidikan, Perlindungan, Memasyarakatkan, Rekreasi, Status Keluarga dan Fungsi Beragama. Jika apa yang ada dalam begalan bisa diterima dan dijalankan oleh kedua calon pengantin tidak menutup kemungkinan bahwa fungsi keluarga akan berjalan baik dan niscaya kehidupan keluarga yang bahagia dan sejahtera akan terbentuk.

  3. KONTRIBUSI UNGKAPAN TRADISIONAL DALAM MEMBANGUN KERUKUNAN BERAGAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Tri Haryanto

    2013-12-01

    Masyarakat Ganjuran Desa Sumbermulyo Kecamatan Bambanglipuro Bantul DIY mampu memelihara kerukunan umat beragama, meskipun berbeda agama. Hal ini disebabkan adanya elemen-elemen yang menjadi perekat sosial berupa kearifan-kearifan lokal yang hidup dalam masyarakat Ganjuran. Penelitian yang dilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif ini mengungkapkan kearifan lokal pada masyarakat Ganjuran dalam memelihara kerukunan dalam bentuk ungkapan-ungkapan tradisional dan tradisi kenduri. Masyarakat Ganjuran memiliki pandangan sosial guyub rukun yang diungkapkan melalui berbagai ungkapan tradisional seperti rukun agawe santosa crah agawe bubrah.

  4. STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT DALAM PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irsyad Andriyanto

    2011-06-01

    Dalam Islam upara pengatasan kemiskinan adalah dengan zakat. Oleh karena itu, zakat seharusnya dikelola secara produktif dan profesional sehingga zakat dapat mengambil bagian dalam merealisasikan ide-ide Islam untuk mensejahterakan masyarakat Saah satu lembaga yang terbukti telah mampu mengelola zakat secara terpercaya, transparan, dan profesional adalah Rumah Zakat Indonesia (RZI. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan sosial-ekonomi, Analisis yang yang digunakan bertujuan untuk mempermudah data ke dalam bentuk yang lebih mudah untuk dibaca dan diinterpretasikan. Analisis yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah analisis deskriptif.

  5. Uranium extraction from gold-uranium ores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laskorin, B.N.; Golynko, Z.Sh.

    1981-01-01

    The process of uranium extraction from gold-uranium ores in the South Africa is considered. Flowsheets of reprocessing gold-uranium conglomerates, pile processing and uranium extraction from the ores are presented. Continuous counter flow ion-exchange process of uranium extraction using strong-active or weak-active resins is noted to be the most perspective and economical one. The ion-exchange uranium separation with the succeeding extraction is also the perspective one.

  6. Uranium mining

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    Full text: The economic and environmental sustainability of uranium mining has been analysed by Monash University researcher Dr Gavin Mudd in a paper that challenges the perception that uranium mining is an 'infinite quality source' that provides solutions to the world's demand for energy. Dr Mudd says information on the uranium industry touted by politicians and mining companies is not necessarily inaccurate, but it does not tell the whole story, being often just an average snapshot of the costs of uranium mining today without reflecting the escalating costs associated with the process in years to come. 'From a sustainability perspective, it is critical to evaluate accurately the true lifecycle costs of all forms of electricity production, especially with respect to greenhouse emissions, ' he says. 'For nuclear power, a significant proportion of greenhouse emissions are derived from the fuel supply, including uranium mining, milling, enrichment and fuel manufacture.' Dr Mudd found that financial and environmental costs escalate dramatically as the uranium ore is used. The deeper the mining process required to extract the ore, the higher the cost for mining companies, the greater the impact on the environment and the more resources needed to obtain the product. I t is clear that there is a strong sensitivity of energy and water consumption and greenhouse emissions to ore grade, and that ore grades are likely to continue to decline gradually in the medium to long term. These issues are critical to the current debate over nuclear power and greenhouse emissions, especially with respect to ascribing sustainability to such activities as uranium mining and milling. For example, mining at Roxby Downs is responsible for the emission of over one million tonnes of greenhouse gases per year and this could increase to four million tonnes if the mine is expanded.'

  7. Pernyaian Dalam Masyarakat Tionghoa: Refleksi Dalam Sastra Peranakan Tionghoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Susanto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bertujuan melihat dinamika pemikiran atau pandangan pengarang peranakan Tionghoa tentang pernyaian. Pernyaian telah menjadi kebiasaan atau budaya pada masa kolo­nial di Indonesia. Baik golongan Eropa maupun Tionghoa menerima praktik budaya ini. Para intelektual peranakan Tionghoa memiliki perbedaan pandangan dan pemikiran terhadap praktik ini. Mereka menulis banyak buku seperti karya sastra dalam menghadapi realitas ini. Menurut pandangan Dilthey, karya sastra adalah pemikiran yang diobjektifkan. Pandangan pragmatisme mengatakan bahwa karya sastra adalah hasil tindakan berpikir para pengarangnya. Pernyaian dalam masyarakat Tionghoa mengalami perubahan makna dari praktik yang “dilegalkan” menja­ di praktik yang “tidak bermoral” karena terjadi perubahan dalam memandang hubungan dalam keluarga dan nilai­nilai sosial yang baru. Abstract: This paper aims to see the dynamics of mind or worldview of Indonesian Chinese author on concubinage. The concubinage had become a habit or culture in the Indonesia colonial era. Both European and Indonesian Chinese people considered accepting this practices. Many Indonesian Chinese intellectual had different impression or opinion about this immoral practices. They wrote many books, e.g. literary works, about this corrupt attitude. Their ideas had given evidence about their intellectual history which based on mind. According to Dilthey, literary works can be considered as the objective mind. Based on pragmatic tradition, literary works result from the author’s action of thinking. Concubinage exercised by Indonesian Chinese had developed into a new worldview. It is influenced by the new paradigm which considers the family relationship and creating new social value. Key Words: literary works, objective mind, concubinage.

  8. Uranium enrichment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rae, H.K.; Melvin, J.G.

    1988-06-01

    Canada is the world's largest producer and exporter of uranium, most of which is enriched elsewhere for use as fuel in LWRs. The feasibility of a Canadian uranium-enrichment enterprise is therefore a perennial question. Recent developments in uranium-enrichment technology, and their likely impacts on separative work supply and demand, suggest an opportunity window for Canadian entry into this international market. The Canadian opportunity results from three particular impacts of the new technologies: 1) the bulk of the world's uranium-enrichment capacity is in gaseous diffusion plants which, because of their large requirements for electricity (more than 2000 kW·h per SWU), are vulnerable to competition from the new processes; 2) the decline in enrichment costs increases the economic incentive for the use of slightly-enriched uranium (SEU) fuel in CANDU reactors, thus creating a potential Canadian market; and 3) the new processes allow economic operation on a much smaller scale, which drastically reduces the investment required for market entry and is comparable with the potential Canadian SEU requirement. The opportunity is not open-ended. By the end of the century the enrichment supply industry will have adapted to the new processes and long-term customer/supplier relationships will have been established. In order to seize the opportunity, Canada must become a credible supplier during this century

  9. Penerapan Microskills dalam Domain Multicultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Happy Karlina Marjo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Konselor multikultural menggunakan microskills yang bertujuan untuk memodifikasi interaksi konselor dalam membuat perbedaan yang signifikan pada kehidupan konseli dengan: (1 mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor dari respon nonverbal untuk diri konselor sendiri dan konseli, (2 memahami dasar intervieu microskills dalam proses menerima (attending, mendengarkan (listening, dan mempengaruhi (influencing, serta dampak potensial pada konseli untuk berubah, (3 mencatat fokus microskills, dan perhatian secara selektif yang merupakan dasar untuk masalah keluarga dan konseling multikultural, (4 mengetahui bagaimana dan kapan menggunakan konfrontasi microskill, dan (5 mengetahui keterampilan intervieu sebagai acuan frame multikultural. Sedangkan domain kompetensi konseling multikultural untuk pendidikan dan praktek, antara lain: (1 Counselor Awareness of Own Cultural Values and Biases, (2 Counselor Awareness of Client’ Worldview, dan (3 Culturally Appropriate Intervention Strategies.

  10. Divisi Marketing dalam Event Gerrymagination

    OpenAIRE

    Azkia, Safrina Dini

    2013-01-01

    GarudaFood Grup adalah Perusahaan makanan dan minuman subordinasi PT Tudung Group yang berdiri di Pati, Jawa Tengah. Pada awal 1987, Perusahaan ini mulai menjual produk kacang produksinya menggunakan merek Kacang Garing Garuda, yang dikenal sebagai Kacang Garuda. Dalam kurun waktu sepuluh tahun, produk GarudaFood telah merambah pada beragam jenis produk lain seperti aneka biskuit, makanan ringan, wafer, permen, minuman berjeli, dan basic food. Perusahaan yang telah berdiri selama seperempat a...

  11. Perkembangan Korupsi Dalam Novel Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shoim Anwar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan perkembangan korupsi yang terepresentasikan dalam novel Indonesia. Teori yang digunakan adalah teori sosiologi, kajian budaya, jaringan, dan pasca­kolonial. Sumber datanya adalah novel Korupsi (1954 karya Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Senja di Jakarta (1970 karya Mochtar Lubis, Ladang Perminus (1990 karya Ramadhan K.H., Orang-­Orang Proyek (2002 karya Ahmad Tohari, dan Memburu Koruptor (2009 karya Urip Sutomo. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sesuai dengan latar waktu dalam novel, waktu penyelesaian, serta waktu diterbitkan, perkembangan korupsi dalam novel Indonesia dapat dirumuskan dengan periode tahun: 1945-1954, 1954-1957, 1966-1976/1982, 1991-1992/2001, 1998-2009. Korupsi dalam teks novel Indonesia berkembang semakin luas baik dari segi pelaku, penyebab, modus, maupun sifatnya. Abstract: This paper is aimed at describing the development of corruption in Indonesian novels. This paper uses theories of sociology, cultural studies, network, and postcolonial. The sources of data are Korupsi (1954 by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Senja di Jakarta (1970 by Mochtar Lubis, Ladang Perminus (1990 by Ramadhan K.H., Orang­Orang Proyek (2002 by Ahmad Tohari, and Memburu Koruptor (2009 by Urip Sutomo. The result of the research shows that in accordance with the background of the time in the novels, completion time, and publication time, the development of corruption in Indonesian novels can be formulated by the way of periods of years: 1945-1954, 1954-1957, 1966-1976/1982, 1991-1992/2001, 1998-2009. Corruption in the texts of Indonesian novels has developed widely in terms of actors, causes, modes, and nature. Key Words: corruption, period, development, Indonesian novels

  12. Uranium update

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Steane, R.

    1997-01-01

    This paper is about the current uranium mining situation, especially that in Saskatchewan. Canada has a unique advantage with the Saskatchewan uranium deposits. Making the most of this opportunity is important to Canada. The following is reviewed: project development and the time and capital it takes to bring a new project into production; the supply and demand situation to show where the future production fits into the world market; and our foreign competition and how we have to be careful not to lose our opportunity. (author)

  13. ANALISIS LITOTES DALAM TUNJUK AJAR MELAYU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Fauzi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Litotes adalah salah satu kiasan dalam bahasa yang digunakan oleh orang-orang Melayu untuk mengekspresikan ide-ide mereka melalui pembicaraan atau karya sastra. Fenomena ini adalah kearifan lokal yang kaya dengan informasi tentang budaya Melayu. Berbagai jenis litotes dapat ditemukan dalam kitab Tunjuk Ajar Melayu yang ditulis oleh Tenas Effendy.

  14. PERKAWINAN SESAMA JENIS DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setyoko Setyoko

    2016-05-01

    Pendalaman kembali terhadap berbagai teks-teks Qur’an dan Hadis, pendapat-pendapat ulama fikih klasik, serta tafsir-tafsir fikih modern dari Musdah Mulia akan dipaparkan sebagai bahan dalam membuat analisis atas masalah tersebut. Sedangkan maqa>s}id asy-syari>‘ah menjadi materi untuk menganalisis dalam rangka mendapatkan sebuah kesimpulan.

  15. Mixed Methods: Pengantar dalam Penelitian Olahraga

    OpenAIRE

    putra, miftah fariz

    2017-01-01

    Tujuan artikel ini adalah untuk mendiskusikan tentang mixed methods research (MMR) yang terbuka diaplikasikan dalam konteks olahraga. MMR dipahami sebagai pengabungan dua metode (kuantitatif dan kualitatif) dalam satu proses penelitian yang dilakukan secara berurutan atau bersamaan dengan tujuan untuk memahami lebih komprehensif serta mendalam tentang fenomena keolahragaan yang dikaji. Desain penelitian yang dikembangkan oleh Steckler et al., (1992), Tashakkori & Teddlie (2010), Creswell ...

  16. Dramaturgi Kepemimpinan Perempuan dalam Organisasi Profit

    OpenAIRE

    Negari, Leidena Sekar; Sunarto, Sunarto; Lukmantoro, Triyono

    2013-01-01

    DRAMATURGI KEPEMIMPINAN PEREMPUAN DALAMORGANISASI PROFITAbstrakPemimpin dalam organisasi biasanya didominasi oleh kaum pria, karena konsepdan tradisi yang dimiliki oleh masyarakat Indonesia yang mengaut pahampaternalistik. Seiring perkembangan zaman perempuan kini mampu mendudukijajaran top tier manajemen di sejumlah organisasi profit. Gaya komunikasiperempuan yang dianggap mampu dicintai karyawan dan lingkungan kerjanyadalam membangun sebuah hubungan menjadi sebuah nilai plus.Di dalam peneli...

  17. DISFEMIA DALAM RUBRIK OLIMPIK DI HARIAN BOLA

    OpenAIRE

    Sejati, Nugroho

    2015-01-01

    Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penggunaan disfemia dalam berita olahraga, khususnya pada media massa cetak. Penelitian ini juga untuk mengetahui frekuensi penggunaan disfemia berdasarkan bentuk kebahasaannya maupun fungsinya. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif dengan analisis isi. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dari bulan Januari sampai bulan November 2014. Fokus penelitian ini adalah penggunaan disfemia pada rubrik Olimpik di Harian BOL...

  18. Machining of uranium and uranium alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morris, T.O.

    1981-01-01

    Uranium and uranium alloys can be readily machined by conventional methods in the standard machine shop when proper safety and operating techniques are used. Material properties that affect machining processes and recommended machining parameters are discussed. Safety procedures and precautions necessary in machining uranium and uranium alloys are also covered. 30 figures

  19. MISKONSEPSI DALAM MATERI IPA SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dek Ngurah Laba Laksana

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan miskonsepsi yang terjadi pada calon guru dalam materi IPA di sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif untuk memaparkan lebih dalam mengenai jenis miskonsepsi yang terjadi. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah calon guru SD. Jumlah subjek yang dijadikan responden adalah 64 orang, yang terdiri dari 44 orang calon guru perempuan dan 20 orang laki-laki. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh adalah sebagai berikut. (1 terjadi miskonsepsi dalam berbagai konsep IPA di sekolah dasar, (2 konsep-konsep yang dominan mengalami miskonsepsi dengan persentase lebih dari 60% adalah (a konsep zat-zat yang diperlukan dalam proses fotosintesis tumbuhan hijau, b konsep fotosintesis membutuhkan cahaya, 3 konsep massa jenis zat, dan 4 konsep gerak jatuh bebas.

  20. Uranium mining

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cheeseman, E.W.

    1980-01-01

    The international uranium market appears to be currently over-supplied with a resultant softening in prices. Buyers on the international market are unhappy about some of the restrictions placed on sales by the government, and Canadian sales may suffer as a result. About 64 percent of Canada's shipments come from five operating Ontario mines, with the balance from Saskatchewan. Several other properties will be producing within the next few years. In spite of the adverse effects of the Three Mile Island incident and the default by the T.V.A. of their contract, some 3 600 tonnes of new uranium sales were completed during the year. The price for uranium had stabilized at US $42 - $44 by mid 1979, but by early 1980 had softened somewhat. The year 1979 saw the completion of major environmental hearings in Ontario and Newfoundland and the start of the B.C. inquiry. Two more hearings are scheduled for Saskatchewan in 1980. The Elliot Lake uranium mining expansion hearings are reviewed, as are other recent hearings. In the production of uranium for nuclear fuel cycle, environmental matters are of major concern to the industry, the public and to governments. Research is being conducted to determine the most effective method for removing radium from tailings area effluents. Very stringent criteria are being drawn up by the regulatory agencies that must be met by the industry in order to obtain an operating licence from the AECB. These criteria cover seepages from the tailings basin and through the tailings retention dam, seismic stability, and both short and long term management of the tailings waste management area. (auth)

  1. Uranium industry annual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1996 (UIA 1996) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1996 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1987 through 1996 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2006, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. A feature article, The Role of Thorium in Nuclear Energy, is included. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

  2. Uranium industry annual 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-04-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1996 (UIA 1996) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry's activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1996 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1987 through 1996 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2006, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. A feature article, The Role of Thorium in Nuclear Energy, is included. 24 figs., 56 tabs

  3. Uranium industry annual, 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-10-01

    In the Uranium Industry Annual 1991, data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2. A feature article entitled ''The Uranium Industry of the Commonwealth of Independent States'' is included in this report

  4. PENGGUNAAN TEKNOLOGI INTERNET DALAM BISNIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oviliani Yuliana

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The uses of internet in business are for information exchange, product catalog, promotion media, electronic mail, bulletin boards, electronic questioner, and mailing list. Internet can also be used for dialog, discussion, and consultation with customer online, therefore consumer can be proactively and interactively involved in designing, developing, marketing, and selling products. There are 2 methods for marketing products via internet, which are push and pull marketing. The advantages of internet in business strategy are global and interactive communication, information supply; consumer based service; increased cooperation; possibility to open new marketplace, product or services; and integrated the activity on-line. There are 2 applications in electronic commerce, which are business-to-business and business-to-consumer commerce. Electronic commerce payment transaction is arranged by Electronic Funds Transfer system, whereas the data security is governed by Secure Socket Layer, which then be developed to Secure Electronic Transaction. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Internet dalam bisnis digunakan untuk pertukaran informasi, katalog produk, media promosi, surat elektronik, bulletin boards, kuesioner elektronik, dan mailing list. Internet juga bisa digunakan untuk berdialog, berdiskusi, dan konsultasi dengan konsumen secara on-line, sehingga konsumen dapat dilibatkan secara proaktif dan interaktif dalam perancangan, pengembangan, pemasaran, dan penjualan produk. Pemasaran lewat internet ada 2 metode, yaitu push dan pull marketing. Keunggulan strategi bisnis yang dapat diperoleh dari internet adalah komunikasi global dan interaktif; menyediakan informasi dan pelayanan sesuai dengan kebutuhan konsumen; meningkatkan kerja sama; memungkinkan untuk membuka pasar, produk, atau pelayanan baru; serta mengintegrasikan aktivitas secara on-line. Aplikasi Electronic Commerce ada 2, yaitu: Business-to-Consumer dan Business-to-Business Commerce. Pembayaran

  5. Etika Bisnis dalam Persektif Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodliyah Khuza'i

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Perdagangan merupakan aktivitas manusia untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Dengan berkembangnya ilmu dan teknologi, perdagangan atau perniagaan mengalami kemajuan yang pesat sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan tuntutan zaman. Perniagaan yang dilakukan manusiapun bermacam-macam, mulai dari industri kecil sampai industri besar, industri pariwisata, perusahaan jasa, real estate, usaha pertanian, dan lain-lain. Manusia ditengarai begitu cinta kepada harta, sehingga sering terjadi perselisihan, persengketaan, bahkan menimbulkan permusuhan yang sengit yang saling membahayakan. Al-Qur`an sebagai pedoman utama umat Islam telah memberikan rambu-rambu  bagaimana manusia dapat memperoleh harta, karena sesungguhnya aktivitas manusia dalam memperoleh harta tidak hanya berhubungan dengan sesama manusia, tetapi hakikatnya juga berhungan dengan Allah.

  6. PERAN LEMBAGA PERADILAN DALAM PEMBATASAN UPAYA HUKUM DALAM PERKARA PERDATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Sugeng Ariadi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to application of judicial principle is simple, fast and low cost is to reduce accumulation of cases in the Supreme Court especially at the level of Cassation. Along with the increasing number of incoming cases, and was sentenced in the District Court and Court of Appeal, the amount of the proposed decision legal remedy of Cassation to the Supreme Court also increased and began to be a serious problem. For that we need to do some research on role of Judiciary in Legal action restrictions in order to reduce the accumulation of civil cases. Penerapan asas peradilan yang sederhana, cepat dan biaya ringan bertujuan untuk mengurangi penumpukkan perkara di Mahkamah Agung, terutama pada tingkat Kasasi. Seiring dengan makin meningkatnya jumlah perkara yang masuk, dan diputus di PN dan PT, jumlah putusan yang diajukan upaya hukum Kasasi ke MA juga semakin meningkat dan mulai menjadi masalah serius. Untuk itu perlu dilakukan suatu penelitian tentang Peran Lembaga Peradilan dalam Pembatasan Upaya Hukum dalam rangka mengurangi penumpukkan perkara perdata.

  7. Uranium - what role

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grey, T.; Gaul, J.; Crooks, P.; Robotham, R.

    1980-01-01

    Opposing viewpoints on the future role of uranium are presented. Topics covered include the Australian Government's uranium policy, the status of nuclear power around the world, Australia's role as a uranium exporter and problems facing the nuclear industry

  8. Brazilian uranium exploration program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marques, J.P.M.

    1981-01-01

    General information on Brazilian Uranium Exploration Program, are presented. The mineralization processes of uranium depoits are described and the economic power of Brazil uranium reserves is evaluated. (M.C.K.) [pt

  9. Uranium enrichment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-11-01

    This paper analyzes under four different scenarios the adequacy of a $500 million annual deposit into a fund to pay for the cost of cleaning up the Department of Energy's (DOE) three aging uranium enrichment plants. These plants are located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Paducah, Kentucky; and Portsmouth, Ohio. In summary the following was found: A fixed annual $500 million deposit made into a cleanup fund would not be adequate to cover total expected cleanup costs, nor would it be adequate to cover expected decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) costs. A $500 million annual deposit indexed to an inflation rate would likely be adequate to pay for all expected cleanup costs, including D and D costs, remedial action, and depleted uranium costs

  10. Uranium production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spriggs, M.

    1980-01-01

    The balance between uranium supply and demand is examined. Should new resources become necessary, some unconventional sources which could be considered include low-grade extensions to conventional deposits, certain types of intrusive rock, tuffs, and lake and sea-bed sediments. In addition there are large but very low grade deposits in carbonaceous shales, granites, and seawater. The possibility of recovery is discussed. Programmes of research into the feasibility of extraction of uranium from seawater, as a by-product from phosphoric acid production, and from copper leach solutions, are briefly discussed. Other possible sources are coal, old mine dumps and tailings, the latter being successfully exploited commercially in South Africa. The greatest constraints on increased development of U from lower grade sources are economics and environmental impact. It is concluded that apart from U as a by-product from phosphate, other sources are unlikely to contribute much to world requirements in the foreseeable future. (U.K.)

  11. Problematika Putusan Hakim dalam Perkara Pembatalan Perjanjian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nindyo Pramono

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The rapid development of international business law requires judges to re-scrutinise principles of contract law in the Civil Code. Therefore, principles of good faith, protection of third-party, retroaction, and restoration to pre-contract position will be analysed to provide objectively constructive feedback for judges when hearing over request for contract annulment.  Pesatnya perkembangan hukum bisnis internasional mengharuskan hakim untuk mempelajari kembali asas-asas hukum perjanjian dalam KUHPerdata. Prinsipprinsip itikad baik, perlindungan bagi pihak ketiga, retroaktif, dan kembali ke keadaan semula akan dianalisis dalam tulisan ini sehingga memberikan konstruksi obyektif kepada hakim dalam memutus permohonan pembatalan perjanjian agar jangan sampai menimbulkan perkara baru.

  12. Membangun Customer Relationship Management dalam Bisnis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suparto Darudiato

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Customer relationship management dapat dijadikan alat oleh perusahaan dalam mengembangkan bisnisnya agar mendapat perhatian dari customer dan pasar. Paper ini disusun berdasarkan penelitian yang menggambarkan hubungan bisnis dan pengaruh pelanggan terhadap perusahaan, serta bagaimana sebuah customer relationship management dapat membantu perusahaan dalam meraih pangsa pasar. Data dan informasi dalam studi ini didapatkan dari studi pustaka yang mengacu pada buku referensi dan jurnal yang berhubungan dengan topik yang ada. Paper ini memberi pengetahuan tentang pencapaian tujuan perusahaan yang didukung penerapan customer relationship management.

  13. Uranium enrichment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports that in 1990 the Department of Energy began a two-year project to illustrate the technical and economic feasibility of a new uranium enrichment technology-the atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) process. GAO believes that completing the AVLIS demonstration project will provide valuable information about the technical viability and cost of building an AVLIS plant and will keep future plant construction options open. However, Congress should be aware that DOE still needs to adequately demonstrate AVLIS with full-scale equipment and develop convincing cost projects. Program activities, such as the plant-licensing process, that must be completed before a plant is built, could take many years. Further, an updated and expanded uranium enrichment analysis will be needed before any decision is made about building an AVLIS plant. GAO, which has long supported legislation that would restructure DOE's uranium enrichment program as a government corporation, encourages DOE's goal of transferring AVLIS to the corporation. This could reduce the government's financial risk and help ensure that the decision to build an AVLIS plant is based on commercial concerns. DOE, however, has no alternative plans should the government corporation not be formed. Further, by curtailing a planned public access program, which would have given private firms an opportunity to learn about the technology during the demonstration project, DOE may limit its ability to transfer AVLIS to the private sector

  14. Derived enriched uranium market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rutkowski, E.

    1996-01-01

    The potential impact on the uranium market of highly enriched uranium from nuclear weapons dismantling in the Russian Federation and the USA is analyzed. Uranium supply, conversion, and enrichment factors are outlined for each country; inventories are also listed. The enrichment component and conversion components are expected to cause little disruption to uranium markets. The uranium component of Russian derived enriched uranium hexafluoride is unresolved; US legislation places constraints on its introduction into the US market

  15. Uranium industry annual, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    Uranium industry data collected in the EIA-858 survey provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of annual activities of the industry and include some information about industry plans over the next several years. This report consists of two major sections. The first addresses uranium raw materials activities and covers the following topics: exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment. The second major section is concerned with the following uranium marketing activities: uranium purchase commitments, uranium prices, procurement arrangements, uranium imports and exports, enrichment services, inventories, secondary market activities utility market requirements and related topics

  16. Uranium Industry. Annual 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lawrence, M.S.S.

    1985-01-01

    This report provides a statistical description of activities of the US uranium industry during 1984 and includes a statistical profile of the status of the industry at the end of 1984. It is based on the results of an Energy Information Administration (EIA) survey entitled ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey'' (Form EIA-858). The principal findings of the survey are summarized under two headings - Uranium Raw Materials Activities and Uranium Marketing Activities. The first heading covers exploration and development, uranium resources, mine and mill production, and employment. The second heading covers uranium deliveries and delivery commitments, uranium prices, foreign trade in uranium, inventories, and other marketing activities. 32 figs., 48 tabs

  17. PENGARUH IKLIM DALAM PERANCANGAN ARSITEKTUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irfandi Irfandi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Bangunan sebagai hasil perancangan arsitektur dimaksudkan untuk memberikan kenyamanan dan mendukung aktifitas manusia yang berada di dalam bangunan. Kondisi ruangan yang baik dapat membuat manusia sebagai pemakai bangunan beraktifitas dengan baik sesuai dengan kehendaknya. Kondisi ini menuntut ruangan sebagai wadah aktifitas manusia untuk dapat memenuhi persyaratan kenyamanan yang meliputi kenyamanan terhadap suara (acoustics, pencahayaan (lighting, dan kenyamanan termal (thermal comfort. Oleh karena itu dalam perancangan arsitektur harus memperhatikan faktor iklim ini sehingga dapat tercipta lingkungan dan bangunan yang memberikan kenyamanan, kenikmatan, dan keselamatan terhadap pemakainya.   Kata kunci: Iklim, Pengaruh Iklim, dan Perancangan Arsitektur   Abstracts. Building as a product of architectural design is attempted to give comfort and to encourage human activities within building. Condition of well organized room will encourage people as building user to do their activities as good as they want. This condition will require the room as activities’ place for human being to fulfill the requirement of comfort which include acoustics, lighting, and thermal comfort. Therefor, in architectural design, should concern about climate factor, thus it will created building and enviroment which giving comfort, and savety for the users.   Keyword: climate, climate effect, architectural design

  18. Representasi Eksploitasi Perempuan dalam Iklan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatius Prasetyo Wicaksono

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Exploitation representation is how meaning is produced, exchanged, represented and exploited for the benefit of users. Exploitation of women means utilizing all the things that are attached to women, both images and signs attached to them. Exploitation of women represented in the advertisement as part of the appeal of sales message. In the version of Berrygood advertisement “Bikin Good Mood” is the ad that represents subliminal exploitation of women. This article discusses how the basic structure of the narrative in the advertisement, represent the exploitation of women through feminist Marxist perspective. The method of analysis used is Greimassian semiotic analysis using two stages. Abstrak: Representasi eksploitasi adalah bagaimana makna diproduksi, dipertukarkan, diwakilkan dan dimanfaatkan demi kepentingan pengguna. Eksploitasi pada perempuan berarti pemanfaatkan segala hal yang melekat pada perempuan, baik citra maupun tanda yang melekat kepadanya. Eksploitasi perempuan direpresentasikan dalam iklan sebagai bagian dari daya tarik pesan penjualan. Iklan Berrygood versi ”Bikin Good Mood” adalah iklan yang merepresentasikan eksploitasi perempuan secara subliminal. Artikel ini mendiskusikan bagaimana struktur dasar narasi dalam iklan tersebut merepresentasikan eksploitasi perempuan melalui sudut pandang Feminis Marxis. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis semiotika Greimassian dengan menggunakan dua tahap.

  19. SEKULARISASI DALAM PANDANGAN HARVEY COX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzan Fauzan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sebagian besar kaum agamawan (ortodoks memandang sekularisasi sebagai ancaman terhadap eksistensi agama. Namun sebaliknya, Harvey Cox memandang sekularisasi sebagai teologi perubahan sosial yang bertujuan mendobrak kebuntuan agama yang terbelenggu oleh ide “pemeliharaan” dan “kemapanan”. Tulisan ini membahas pandangan Harvey Cox tentang sekularisasi, konsepnya tentang Kota Sekuler (Secular City, dan Tuhan pada masyarakat sekuler. Cox melihat sekularisasi merupakan sebuah keniscayaan sejarah. Sekularisasi merupakan gerakan yang membebaskan manusia dari dogma yang membelenggu kebebasan manusia. Melalui simbol Kota Sekuler, Cox menghadirkan paradigma teologi yang lebih sesuai dengan keadaan masyarakat modern saat ini. Cox melihat bahwa Tuhan sebagaimana yang diajarkan oleh Kristiani –juga agama lain– bukanlah Tuhan yang sebenarnya. Tuhan tak lebih dari sebuah penamaan yang kehadirannya terkadang kosong dan ambigu. Semenjak penamaan dilekatkan dalam lingkungan sosio kultural tertentu, maka kata “Tuhan” tidak suci lagi. Apabila Tuhan dimaknai secara “ketat” dalam ruang tradisi yang berbeda-beda, maka akan terjadi benturan yang terkadang membutuhkan pengorbanan jiwa.

  20. KREATIVITAS SISWA DALAM MENULIS PUISI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuli Dwi Pratiwi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the creative process of students in writing poetry text and creativity of students in poem text. This study used a qualitative approach with case type of study. Data were collected by interview and document study. The instrument used was a guide of data collection and data analysis. Checking the validity of the data was performed using perseverance of observation and triangulation. Result this study is the creative process of student in finding ideas was generally listening to music and student use three until six language irregularities in their poetry. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan proses kreatif siswa dan kreativitas dalam puisi siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Pengumpulan data dengan teknik wawancara dan studi dokumen. Instrumen yang digunakan panduan pengumpulan data dan panduan analisis data. Pengecekan keabsahan data dilakukan dengan teknik ketekunan pengamatan dan triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan proses kreatif siswa ketika tahap pencarian ide secara umum mendengarkan musik dan siswa menggunakan tiga sampai enam bentuk penyimpangan bahasa dalam puisinya.

  1. TINJAUAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA DALAM TINDAKAN EUTANASIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutarno

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 yang berlaku saat ini, konsepsi mengenai hak asasi manusia telah dirinci secara detail. Pasal 28 A menyatakan bahwa setiap orang berhak untuk hidup serta berhak untuk mempertahankan hidup dan kehidupannya. Dari pasal ini menunjukkan bahwa hak hidup merupakan hak yang dilindungi oleh konstitusi. Sementara itu, dalam dunia medis, ada tindakan eutanasiayang juga bertujuan untuk mengakhiri penderitaan dari penyakit yang dialaminya, baik atas permintaan dari pasien atau intervensi aktif dari dokter. Eutanasiadalam konteks ini bisa dimaknai sebagai hak untuk mati yang berseberangan dengan hak untuk hidup sebagaimana ada dalam konsitusi. Hal ini memunculkan polemik apakah eutanasia diperbolehkan dalam hukum positif di Indonesia. Lalu apakah eutanasiamerupakan tindakan yang melanggar hak asasi manusia.

  2. SUFI HEALING: TERAPI DALAM LITERATUR TASAWUF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Amin Syukur

    2012-12-01

    Kajian ini mengungkap tentang sufi healing, yaitu terapi di dalam literatur tentang sifisme. Kajian ini memfokuskan pada perilaku yang berasosiasi dengan sufi healing atau pencegahan penyakit, baik secara fisik maupun mental, dan kemudian menentukan aspek-aspek yang mendukung sistem terapi rasional dan empirik. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kajian ini adalah penemuan treatment alternatif atau preventif terhadap penyakit secara tepat yang sesuai dengan tuntutan masyarakat saat ini. Ditemukan bahwa sufi healing merupakan bentuk terapi alternatif yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan nilai-nilai sufisme se­bagai cara treatment atau pencegahan. Model ini telah dikenal dalam ma­syarakat sejak Islam dan sufisme berkembang. Rujukan ilmiah dari mengenai sistem kerja peng­obatan­nya dapat ditemukan dalam berbagai teori psikologi transpersonal, di mana kesadaran menjadi fokus kajian. Secara medis, pengobatan ini juga disebut psycho-neurons-endocrine-immunology, yang kesimpulannya adalah adanya hubungan antara fikiran dan tubuh dalam kesehatan manusia,

  3. SAINS ISLAM DALAM DISKURSUS FILSAFAT ILMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muslih

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sains Islam sampai saat ini masih terkungkung dalam lingkaran pseudoscience, atau masih pada taraf model justifikasi Bucaillian. Sebagai bangunan keilmuan, sains Islam tentu memiliki basis filosofis. Tulisan ini berupaya mengkaji sains Islam dalam perspektif filsafat ilmu. Dalam perspektif ini, keilmiahan bangunan keilmuan ditentukan oleh ketepatan penggunaan teori dan metodologinya, tanpa mengabaikan sisi sosiologis-historis maupun sisi teologis-metafisis. Jika yang pertama merupakan basis logis dan objektifitas sains, lalu yang kedua merupakan aspek kemanusiaan dari sains, maka yang ketiga adalah basis keyakinan, keimanan, dan keberagamaan dari sains. Dengan ketiga elemen penting tersebut, Sains Islam sebagai sains berbasis agama Islam bisa menjadi ilmiah. Sekalipun demikian, definisi baru Sains Islam sebagai aktivitas ilmiah mesti terus dilanjutkan ke arah “action” dalam bentuk program riset. Dengan begitu, Sains Islam akan menghasilkan temuan-temuan baru, teori baru, metodologi baru, konteks baru, dan seterusnya. Tanpa upaya itu, image pseudosains dan justifikasi Bucaillian akan sulit hilang dari bangunan keilmuan Sains Islam.

  4. MEMAHAMI MEKANISME PASAR DALAM EKONOMI ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukamto Sukamto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pasar adalah sebuah mekanisme pertukaran produk baik berupa barang maupun jasa yang alamiah dan telah berlangsung sejak peradaban awal manusia. Islam menempatkan pasar pada kedudukan yang penting dalam perekonomian. Praktek ekonomi pada masa Rasulullah SAW dan Khulafaurrasydin menunjukkan adanya peranan yang besar dalam pembentukan masyarakat Islam pada masa itu. Rasulullah SAW sangat menghargai harga yang dibentuk oleh mekanisme pasar sebagai harga yang adil (price intervencion seandainya perubahan harga terjadi karena mekanisme pasar yang wajar yaitu hanya karena pergeseran permintaan dan penawaran. Namun, pasar di sini mengharuskan adanya moralitas dalam aktivitas ekonominya, antara lain; persaingan sehat dan adil (fair play, kejujuran (honesty, keterbukaan (transparancy, dan keadilan (justice. Jika nilai ini ditegakkan maka tidak ada alasan dalam ekonomi Islam untuk menolak harga yang terbentuk oleh mekanisme di pasar.

  5. Uranium price reporting systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-09-01

    This report describes the systems for uranium price reporting currently available to the uranium industry. The report restricts itself to prices for U 3 O 8 natural uranium concentrates. Most purchases of natural uranium by utilities, and sales by producers, are conducted in this form. The bulk of uranium in electricity generation is enriched before use, and is converted to uranium hexafluoride, UF 6 , prior to enrichment. Some uranium is traded as UF 6 or as enriched uranium, particularly in the 'secondary' market. Prices for UF 6 and enriched uranium are not considered directly in this report. However, where transactions in UF 6 influence the reported price of U 3 O 8 this influence is taken into account. Unless otherwise indicated, the terms uranium and natural uranium used here refer exclusively to U 3 O 8 . (author)

  6. Uranium Industry Annual, 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry for the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and electric utility industries, and the public. The feature article, ''Decommissioning of US Conventional Uranium Production Centers,'' is included. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2

  7. Uranium Industry Annual, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-28

    The Uranium Industry Annual provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry for the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and electric utility industries, and the public. The feature article, ``Decommissioning of US Conventional Uranium Production Centers,`` is included. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2.

  8. Provision by the uranium and uranium products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elagin, Yu.P.

    2005-01-01

    International uranium market is converted from the buyer market into the seller market. The prices of uranium are high and the market attempts to adapt to changing circumstances. The industry of uranium enrichment satisfies the increasing demands but should to increase ots capacities. On the whole the situation is not stable and every year may change the existing position [ru

  9. Uranium recovery from slags of metallic uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fornarolo, F.; Frajndlich, E.U.C.; Durazzo, M.

    2006-01-01

    The Center of the Nuclear Fuel of the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research - IPEN finished the program of attainment of fuel development for research reactors the base of Uranium Scilicet (U 3 Si 2 ) from Hexafluoride of Uranium (UF 6 ) with enrichment 20% in weight of 235 U. In the process of attainment of the league of U 3 Si 2 we have as Uranium intermediate product the metallic one whose attainment generates a slag contend Uranium. The present work shows the results gotten in the process of recovery of Uranium in slags of calcined slags of Uranium metallic. Uranium the metallic one is unstable, pyrophoricity and extremely reactive, whereas the U 3 O 8 is a steady oxide of low chemical reactivity, what it justifies the process of calcination of slags of Uranium metallic. The calcination of the Uranium slag of the metallic one in oxygen presence reduces Uranium metallic the U 3 O 8 . Experiments had been developed varying it of acid for Uranium control and excess, nitric molar concentration gram with regard to the stoichiometric leaching reaction of temperature of the leaching process. The 96,0% income proves the viability of the recovery process of slags of Uranium metallic, adopting it previous calcination of these slags in nitric way with low acid concentration and low temperature of leaching. (author)

  10. Kajian Budaya Fotografi Potrait dalam Wacana Personalitas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andang Iskandar

    2014-09-01

    ABSTRAK   Fotografi potrait merupakan representasi kemiripan figur manusia dalam bentuk dwimatra. Fotografi potrait memberikan indikasi personal baik pada pemilik potrait, sub- jek potrait maupun fotografer. Personalitas karya fotografi yang mewakili pribadi bahkan karakter seseorang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan permasalahan kajian buda- ya pada fotografi potrait dalam wacana personalitas. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode kajian pustaka dari berbagai literatur baik buku, artikel jurnal dan laporan pene- litian fotografi khususnya potrait dalam kajian budaya. Hasil penelitian ini memberikan gambaran empat permasalahan kajian budaya pada fotografi potrait yaitu pertama, foto- grafi sebagai representasi. Potrait merupakan tempat negosiasi antara fotografer dengan representasi-diri subjek (model. Kedua, diaspora fotografer. Fotografer China Indonesia (peranakan sebagai broker budaya di masa poskolonial. Perbedaan budaya antara per- anakan dan totok dibedakan juga dalam kelompok sosial profesi dalam studio fotografi. Ketiga, identitas dalam potrait. Album foto keluarga sebagai sebuah cara untuk menstruk- turisasi diri, identitas dan budaya melalui ritual ingatan. Keempat, fotografi sebagai me- dia dominasi budaya. Fotografi adalah sintesis pemaknaan dua subjek yang-memotret dan yang-memandang.   Kata kunci: kajian budaya, fotografi potrait, personalitas, wacana

  11. KONVERGENSI DALAM PROGRAM NET CITIZEN JOURNALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhafidilla Vebrynda

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Di dalam artikel ini, peneliti ingin melihat perkembangan teknologi di Indonesia sebagai sebuah peluang untuk menjalankan sebuah program berita berbasis video kiriman masyarakat. Perkembangan teknologi tersebut adalah teknologi penyiaran, teknologi sosial media dan teknologi dalam proses produksi sebuah video. Di Indonesia, jumlah televisi semakin banyak. Setiap stasiun televisi harus bersaing untuk dapat bertahan hidup. Net TV merupakan sebuah stasiun televisi baru di Indonesia yang harus memiliki berbagai program unggulan baru agar dapat bersaing dengan televisi lainnya yang sudah ada. Net TV menggunakan berbagai platform media untuk menjalankan program Net Citizen Journalism (Net CJ. Penggunaan berbagai platform media dikenal dengan istilah multiplatform dan secara teoritis dikenal dengan istilah konvergensi. Konvergensi yaitu saat meleburnya domain-domain dalam berbagai media komunikasi. Artikel ini menggunakan metode studi kasus untuk melihat bagaimana konvergensi terjadi dalam proses pengelolaan program Net CJ. Teknik pengumpulan data adalah dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi dan studi dokumen. Wawancara mendalam dilakukan dari tiga sudut pandang yaitu dari pengelola program, pengguna/audience dan pengamat media. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa dengan menggunakan berbagai platform media yang fungsinya berbeda, memiliki satu tujuan yang sama yaitu untuk menjalankan program Net CJ. Adapun berbagai platform dalam proses produksi program yaitu tayangan TV konvensional, streaming TV, website, aplikasi Net CJ, facebook, twitter, instagram dan path. Konvergensi media dijalankan dalam dua proses, yaitu proses produksi dan proses promosi program berita.

  12. MELAHIRKAN IMPERATIF MORALITAS DALAM KARYA VISUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obed Bima Wicandra

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Visual aesthetics in visual arts are more and more questioned in the context of open global culture. Works that lead to violence%2C pornography%2C lies%2C and other things far from morality and ethics%2C are faced with public s identity to follow their desire to fulfill their consumtive needs. The blossoming of visual works and their media stimulates the visual creators in expressing ideas and imagination. Created visual works must support a better cultural direction for human life. Faith in its relation to God plays a role in achieveing space for interaction%2C so that visual works can reflect codes or symbols in the cycle of ideology or cultural values that respect the essence of faith. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Estetika visual dalam seni rupa semakin dipertanyakan dalam konteks budaya global yang terbuka. Karya yang menjurus kekerasan%2C pornografi%2C kebohongan dan hal lain yang jauh dari moral dan etika diperhadapkan dengan identitas masyarakat yang mengikuti hasrat dalam memenuhi kebutuhan konsumtifnya. Karya-karya visual yang semakin berkembang beserta dengan medianya merangsang kreator visual dalam menuangkan gagasan dan imajinasi. Bagi peradaban kehidupan manusia%2C karya-karya visual yang dibuat harus mendukung arah peradaban yang lebih baik. Di sini peran iman dalam hubungannya dengan Tuhan mendapat ruang berinteraksi%2C sehingga karya visual yang dihasilkan mencerminkan kode-kode maupun simbol dalam perputaran ideologi atau nilai-nilai budaya yang menjunjung tinggi hakikat keimanan. visual aesthetics%2C moral imperative%2C faith.

  13. Uranium enrichment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohrhauer, H.

    1982-01-01

    The separation of uranium isotopes in order to enrich the fuel for light water reactors with the light isotope U-235 is an important part of the nuclear fuel cycle. After the basic principals of isotope separation the gaseous diffusion and the centrifuge process are explained. Both these techniques are employed on an industrial scale. In addition a short review is given on other enrichment techniques which have been demonstrated at least on a laboratory scale. After some remarks on the present situation on the enrichment market the progress in the development and the industrial exploitation of the gas centrifuge process by the trinational Urenco-Centec organisation is presented. (orig.)

  14. PERAN KELUARGA DALAM PENGASUHAN ANAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istina Rakhmawati

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tentang peran sebuah keluarga yang harmonis dalam proses perkembangan manusia yang terdiri dari beberapa fase. Pada fase awal-fase anak-anak- peranan keluarga terutama orang tua dalam mengasuh anak cukup signifikan  sebab keluarga merupakan agen sosialisasi primer. Keberhasilan dalam mengasuh salah satunya ditentukan oleh pola asuh. Dengan demikian tulisan ini mencoba mengulas mengenai pola asuh yang sesuai untuk membentuk karakter positif pada anak. Pola pengasuhan seharusnya memang diperhatikan oleh orang tua secara serius karena menentukan kepribadian atau karakter anak. Hasilnya secara teoritik ada tiga jenis pola asuh, yaitu otoriter, permisif, dan demokratis. Pola otoriter cenderung koersif dan rigid sehingga kadang justru membuat anak menjadi tertekan. Sedangkan pola permisif cenderung menjadikan anak menjadi sosok yang egois dan tidak peka karena orang tua cenderung memenuhi kebutuhan materiil. Pola asuh ideal adalah demokratis karena pola komunikasi dua arah sehingga menempatkan  anak pada posisi bebas namun tetap terkontrol.   Kata Kunci : Keluarga, Pola asuh, Kepribadian. FAMILY ROLES IN PARENTING. Human development process consists of several phases. In the first phase- children phase- role of the family, especially the parents in parenting  is significant  because the family is the primary agent of socialization.  Success in parenting is  determined   by upbringing  pattern.  Thus this  paper  attempts to review the  pattern  of care  appropriate   to establish  a positive character in children.Indded, the pattern of care should be considered by parents  seriously because determining  the  child’s personality  or character. Theoretically, there are three types of parenting , which  are authoritarian, permissive, and democratic. Authoritarian  patterns are tend coercive and rigid, so that sometimes it makes children become depressed. While the pattern of

  15. TRANSFORMASI MUSIK DALAM BENTUK ARSITEKTUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Widyati Purwantiasning

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK. Saat berbicara tentang musik dan arsitektur, satu yang dapat didefinisikan pada keduanya, yaitu bahwa keduanya merupakan karya seni. Sebuah karya seni tentunya muncul tidak dengan sendirinya, pengaruh beberapa aspek tentunya menjadi sangat penting dalam proses terbentuknya suatu karya seni. Pengaruh tersebut tidak hanya internal namun juga eksternal. Faktor-faktor eksternal yang dapat mempengaruhi proses terbentuknya suatu karya seni diantaranya adalah manusia, ruang dan waktu. Kedua karya seni musik dan arsitektur sangat dipengaruhi oleh ketiga faktor eksternal tersebut dalam proses perencanaan, perancangan dan implementasi idenya. Keterkaitan musik dan arsitektur sudah banyak diperbincangkan sejak lama, bagaimana dan aspek apa saja yang dapat mengkaitkan keduanya juga sudah lama diperdebatkan. Tulisan ini akan mengkaji tentang benang merah antara musik dan arsitektur, terutama elemen-elemen yang saling terkait di dalamnya, kemudian bagaimana mendiskripsikan dan menganalisis transformasi sebuah musik dalam bentuk arsitektur. Pembahasan masalah ini akan menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan deduktif yaitu mengambil sebuah studi kasus dan dianalisa secara umum kemudian dikaitkan secara khusus sesuai dengan teori yang berkaitan dengan musik dan arsitektur. Kata Kunci: transformasi, musik, bentuk, arsitektur ABSTRACT. When we discuss about music and architecture, there is a significant thing that should be underlined about it, both of them are artworks. An artwork will not performed by itself, there are some aspects that would become important in the process of artworks’ formation. Those aspects were not just an internal aspect but also external one. Some external factors which would effect the process of artworks’ formation are human as doer, space and time. Both artworks either music or architecture have been affected by those three external factors in the process of planning, designing and implementing the idea. The

  16. Uranium conversion; Urankonvertering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliver, Lena; Peterson, Jenny; Wilhelmsen, Katarina [Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Stockholm (Sweden)

    2006-03-15

    FOI, has performed a study on uranium conversion processes that are of importance in the production of different uranium compounds in the nuclear industry. The same conversion processes are of interest both when production of nuclear fuel and production of fissile material for nuclear weapons are considered. Countries that have nuclear weapons ambitions, with the intention to produce highly enriched uranium for weapons purposes, need some degree of uranium conversion capability depending on the uranium feed material available. This report describes the processes that are needed from uranium mining and milling to the different conversion processes for converting uranium ore concentrate to uranium hexafluoride. Uranium hexafluoride is the uranium compound used in most enrichment facilities. The processes needed to produce uranium dioxide for use in nuclear fuel and the processes needed to convert different uranium compounds to uranium metal - the form of uranium that is used in a nuclear weapon - are also presented. The production of uranium ore concentrate from uranium ore is included since uranium ore concentrate is the feed material required for a uranium conversion facility. Both the chemistry and principles or the different uranium conversion processes and the equipment needed in the processes are described. Since most of the equipment that is used in a uranium conversion facility is similar to that used in conventional chemical industry, it is difficult to determine if certain equipment is considered for uranium conversion or not. However, the chemical conversion processes where UF{sub 6} and UF{sub 4} are present require equipment that is made of corrosion resistant material.

  17. Issues in uranium availability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schanz, J.J. Jr.; Adams, S.S.; Gordon, R.L.

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this publication is to show the process by which information about uranium reserves and resources is developed, evaluated and used. The following three papers in this volume have been abstracted and indexed for the Energy Data Base: (1) uranium reserve and resource assessment; (2) exploration for uranium in the United States; (3) nuclear power, the uranium industry, and resource development

  18. Australian uranium industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warner, R K

    1976-04-01

    Various aspects of the Australian uranium industry are discussed including the prospecting, exploration and mining of uranium ores, world supply and demand, the price of uranium and the nuclear fuel cycle. The market for uranium and the future development of the industry are described.

  19. Irradiated uranium reprocessing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gal, I.

    1961-12-01

    Task concerned with reprocessing of irradiated uranium covered the following activities: implementing the method and constructing the cell for uranium dissolving; implementing the procedure for extraction of uranium, plutonium and fission products from radioactive uranium solutions; studying the possibilities for using inorganic ion exchangers and adsorbers for separation of U, Pu and fission products

  20. Uranium processing and properties

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Covers a broad spectrum of topics and applications that deal with uranium processing and the properties of uranium Offers extensive coverage of both new and established practices for dealing with uranium supplies in nuclear engineering Promotes the documentation of the state-of-the-art processing techniques utilized for uranium and other specialty metals

  1. Recovering uranium from phosphates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergeret, M [Compagnie de Produits Chimiques et Electrometallurgiques Pechiney-Ugine Kuhlmann, 75 - Paris (France)

    1981-06-01

    Processes for the recovery of the uranium contained in phosphates have today become competitive with traditional methods of working uranium sources. These new possibilities will make it possible to meet more rapidly any increases in the demand for uranium: it takes ten years to start working a new uranium deposit, but only two years to build a recovery plant.

  2. Uranium enrichment plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gagne, R.W.; Thomas, D.C.

    1977-01-01

    The status of existing uranium enrichment contracts in the US is reviewed and expected natural uranium requirements for existing domestic uranium enrichment contracts are evaluated. Uncertainty in natural uranium requirements associated with requirements-type and fixed-commitment type contracts is discussed along with implementation of variable tails assay

  3. Uranium enrichment plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomas, D.C.; Gagne, R.W.

    1978-01-01

    The following topics are covered: the status of the Government's existing uranium enrichment services contracts, natural uranium requirements based on the latest contract information, uncertainty in predicting natural uranium requirements based on uranium enrichment contracts, and domestic and foreign demand assumed in enrichment planning

  4. Uranium industry annual 1985

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1986-11-01

    This report consists of two major sections. The first addresses uranium raw materials activities and covers the following topics: exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment. The second major section is concerned with the following uranium marketing activities: uranium purchase commitments, uranium prices, procurement arrangements, uranium imports and exports, enrichment services, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and related topics. A glossary and appendices are included to assist the reader in interpreting the substantial array of statistical data in this report and to provide background information about the survey

  5. Uranium industry framework

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Riley, K.

    2008-01-01

    The global uranium market is undergoing a major expansion due to an increase in global demand for uranium, the highest uranium prices in the last 20 years and recognition of the potential greenhouse benefits of nuclear power. Australia holds approximately 27% of the world's uranium resources (recoverable at under US$80/kg U), so is well placed to benefit from the expansion in the global uranium market. Increasing exploration activity due to these factors is resulting in the discovery and delineation of further high grade uranium deposits and extending Australia's strategic position as a reliable and safe supplier of low cost uranium.

  6. Co-creation Communication Pengguna Instagram Dalam Foodstagram Di Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Goenawan, Giovanny

    2015-01-01

    Co-creation communication merupakan sebuah interaksi yang terjadi dengan pengumpulan respon-respon yang diberikan terhadap sebuah pesan yang ada yang membutuhkan adanya partisipasi audiens dimana mereka memiliki pengaruh dalam sistem tersebut. Co-creation communication biasanya dilakukan dalam sosial media, dimana sosial media yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah instagram dalam mengomentari dan juga melakukan posting foto makanan (foodstagram). Untuk mengetahui keinginan berpartisipasi...

  7. Komunikasi Antarbudaya dalam Masyarakat Multikultur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hedi Heryadi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bermaksud untuk mengetahui “Bagaimana komunikasi antarbudaya etnis Sunda dalam masyarakat multikultur?” Untuk mengungkap fenomena tersebut penulis menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan model interaksionisme simbolik untuk melihat perilaku dan interaksi manusia yang dapat diperbedakan karena ditampilkan melalui melalui simbol dan maknanya. Untuk mendapatkan data, penulis menggunakan tiga teknik pengumpulan data, yaitu observasi, wawancara mendalam dan telaah dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan telah terjadi adaptasi timbal balik antara etnis Sunda sebagai pendatang dengan etnis Rejang sebagai pribumi. Adanya sikap saling menghargai dan menghormati antara etnis pendatang dan pribumi memungkinkan setiap kelompok etnis tersebut untuk menjalankan kebudayaannya masing-masing. Masyarakat dari etnis Sunda dengan Rejang saat berdialog dapat menggunakan bahasa Sunda, bahasa Rejang atau bahasa melayu dialek Bengkulu. Hubungan antara kedua etnis tersebut sejauh ini telah berlangsung tanpa hambatan yang berarti karena masing-masing etnis telah saling menerima apa adanya.

  8. PUBLIK FIGUR DALAM IKLAN TESTIMONIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deddi Duto Hartanto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Testimonial advertising seemingly identical with famous figure such as artist%2C sportmen or others. They are all branded as "public figure" because they are well known by public. A lot of advertising creators using public figure in order to gain a high brand awareness. Is the use of public figure in testimonial advertising more profitable? Is their able quite representative for the products they represent ? Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Iklan testimonial identik dengan tokoh terkenal%2C baik itu artis%2C tokoh masyarakat%2C olahragawan%2C atau yang lainnya. Semuanya di cap sebagai "publik figur%2C" karena sudah dikenal masyarakat.Banyak kreator iklan menggunakan publik figur dengan harapan dapat mencapai brand awareness yang tinggi. Apakah penggunaan publik figur dalam iklan testimonial lebih menguntungkan ?%2C Apakah peran publik figur (sudah mewakili produk yang dibawakan?. testimonial advertising%2C public figure

  9. Perempuan Seksi dalam Jaring Korupsi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adek Risma Dedees

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Tempo.co coverage on Ahmad Fathanah’s corruption case represents woman as subordinated and sensational object. This representation dismises woman from the corruption issues itself. Instead, it leads to a tendency to “exploit” woman by emphasizing the gossip. On covering this issue, Tempo.co acts as if it holds the “authorization” and “legitimation” to define woman as polite woman or ‘wild’ woman and how they should behave in front of camera/public. Such text shows a control mechanism towards body and mind of woman as stated by Foucault. The body of woman repeatedly become an object in media. Abstrak: Perempuan yang dihadirkan oleh Tempo.co dalam pemberitaan kasus korupsi Ahmad Fathanah adalah sebagai representasi objek sensasional. Representasi ini justru menjauhkan subjek perempuan dari kasus korupsinya sendiri. Beberapa teks berita menampilkan ‘otoritas’ dan ‘legitimasi’ Tempo.co dalam mendefinisikan kesopanan perempuan ketika mereka tampil di depan publik atau di depan kamera. Salah satunya dengan menilai deskripsi penampilan, wajah, atau pakaian yang dipakai. Tak ketinggalan, Tempo.co ‘meramal’ situasi jiwa perempuan: sedang depresi atau tidak. Inilah model mekanisme kontrol seperti yang dijelaskan Foucault bahwa semua bisa diatur dan dihukum menurut norma sosial yang berlaku, menurut siapa yang berkuasa pada kurun waktu tertentu.

  10. Reduction of uranium hexafluoride to uranium tetrafluoride

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, I.S.; Do, J.B.; Choi, Y.D.; Park, M.H.; Yun, H.H.; Kim, E.H.; Kim, Y.W.

    1982-01-01

    The single step continuous reduction of uranium hexafluoride (UF 6 ) to uranium tetrafluoride (UF 4 ) has been investigated. Heat required to initiate and maintain the reaction in the reactor is supplied by the highly exothermic reaction of hydrogen with a small amount of elemental fluorine which is added to the uranium hexafluoride stream. When gases uranium hexafluoride and hydrogen react in a vertical monel pipe reactor, the green product, UF 4 has 2.5g/cc in bulk density and is partly contaminated by incomplete reduction products (UF 5 ,U 2 F 9 ) and the corrosion product, presumably, of monel pipe of the reactor itself, but its assay (93% of UF 4 ) is acceptable for the preparation of uranium metal with magnesium metal. Remaining problems are the handling of uranium hexafluoride, which is easily clogging the flowmeter and gas feeding lines because of extreme sensitivity toward moisture, and a development of gas nozzel for free flow of uranium hexafluoride gas. (Author)

  11. Uranium - the world picture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silver, J.M.; Wright, W.J.

    1976-01-01

    The world resources of uranium and the future demand for uranium are discussed. The amount of uranium available depends on the price which users are prepared to pay for its recovery. As the price is increased, there is an incentive to recover uranium from lower grade or more difficult deposits. In view of this, attention is drawn to the development of the uranium industry in Australias

  12. Penerapan Tipografi dalam Sistem Signage pada Interior Ruang Publik

    OpenAIRE

    Ulli Aulia Ruki; Amarena Nediari

    2014-01-01

    Sistem signage diaplikasikan pada sebuah interior ruang publik dengan memerhatikan dasar tipografi. Manfaat signage adalah memberikan kemudahan para pengguna ruang publik dalam mencapai tujuan saat mereka berada di dalam sebuah bangunan. Hal mendasar yang perlu diperhatikan dalam merencanakan sistem signage adalah kejelasan bentuk huruf serta kemudahan untuk dibaca. Masih banyak desainer yang kurang memerhatikan desain signage, sehingga terkadang desainnya memberikan kesan hanya s...

  13. AUTOMATICTECTURE : OTOMATISASI PENUH DALAM ARSITEKTUR MASA DEPAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Galieh Gunagama

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK. Teknologi memudahkan umat manusia dalam hidup, akan tetapi, perkembangan yang terjadi juga membawa dampak negatif berupa terancamnya sejumlah profesi dengan adanya otomatisasi. Proses otomatisasi telah menggantikan porsi pekerjaan manusia dengan mesin berkecerdasan, dan tren tersebut akan semakin membesar seiring berjalannya waktu. Dalam hubungannya dengan studi eksperimental dan prediksi masa depan, dunia rancang bangun juga memiliki kemungkinan untuk diotomatisasikan dengan adanya perkembangan dalam bidang arsitektur digital, robotika, dan kecerdasan buatan. Di tengah kondisi global yang serba cepat dan penuh dinamika, dunia arsitektur perlu mempersiapkan diri dalam menghadapi perkembangan tersebut jika tidak ingin segera digantikan. Diskusi dalam paper ini mencoba untuk mengeksplorasi lebih dalam dan memprediksikan profesi arsitek pada masa depan dalam skenario terbaik dan terburuk terkait perkembangan proses otomatisasi yang semakin tidak terhindarkan.   Kata kunci: Arsitektur Eksperimental, Arsitektur Digital, Teknologi, Masa Depan ABSTRACT. Technology facilitates mankind in life, however, developments that occurred also had a negative impact in the form of threats to a number of professions with automatization. Automation process has replaced the portion of human work with the intelligent machine, and the trend will be growing over time. In conjunction with experimental studies and future predictions, the design and construction field also have the possibility to be automated with the development in the field of digital architecture, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Amid the global fast-paced and dynamic environment, architecture needs to be prepared in facing such developments if do not want to immediately replaced. The discussion in this paper attempts to explore deeper and predict the future of the profession in the best and worst case scenario related to the development of automation process which is increasingly

  14. Aktualisasi Etika Kepemimpinan Jawa dalam Asthabrata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardi Suratno

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nama Asthabrata sangat populer dalam kehidupan masyarakat Jawa karena sering muncul dalarn pagelaran wayang purwa. Ajaran Asthabrata mendapat apresiasi yang sangat luas oleh masyarakat Indonesia karena memuat ajaran kepemimpinan yang dapat dijadikan aspirasi bagi semua pihak yang sedang dan akan mengabdikan hidupnya bagi bangsa dan negara. Asthabrata merupakan kreativitas pujangga Jawa karena tidak dikcnal dalam Ramayana India (baru muncul dalam Ramayana Kakawin, Semua Asthabrata menampilkan figur pemimpin dalam sosok delapan dewa. Dalam perkernbangan lebih lanjut, budayawan Jawa memilih menampilkan figur pemimpin itu dalam sifat-sifat benda alam, yakni bumi, matahari, bulan, bintang, laut, angin, dan awan. Penampilan figur pernimpin dalam sifat benda-benda alam tersebut lebih netral sebagai pilihan cerdas pujangga Jawa. Abstract: The name of Asthabrata is very popular among Javanese live because of its frequent appearance in the wayang purwa performance. Asthabrata teachings have got a wide appreciation from Indonesian people because it carries leadership teachings which can be an aspiration to everyone who is dedicating and will dedicate their lives to their nation and country. Asthabrata is the creativity of the Javanese men of letters for not discovered in Indian's Ramayana (not until Ramayana Kakawin. All Asthabrata present a leader figure in the characters of eight gods. In further progress, Javanese culture vultures chose to present the leader figure in the characters of natural objects. namely earth, Sun, moon, star, ocean, wind, and cloud. The performance of a leader figure in the characters of the natural objects is more neutral as a smart choice of Javanese man of letters. " Keywords: creativity, Asthabrata, leader

  15. Natural uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ammerich, Marc; Frot, Patricia; Gambini, Denis-Jean; Gauron, Christine; Moureaux, Patrick; Herbelet, Gilbert; Lahaye, Thierry; Pihet, Pascal; Rannou, Alain

    2014-08-01

    This sheet belongs to a collection which relates to the use of radionuclides essentially in unsealed sources. Its goal is to gather on a single document the most relevant information as well as the best prevention practices to be implemented. These sheets are made for the persons in charge of radiation protection: users, radioprotection-skill persons, labor physicians. Each sheet treats of: 1 - the radio-physical and biological properties; 2 - the main uses; 3 - the dosimetric parameters; 4 - the measurement; 5 - the protection means; 6 - the areas delimitation and monitoring; 7 - the personnel classification, training and monitoring; 8 - the effluents and wastes; 9 - the authorization and declaration administrative procedures; 10 - the transport; and 11 - the right conduct to adopt in case of incident or accident. This sheet deals specifically with natural uranium

  16. Peranan Etika Bisnis dalam Pembangunan Akhlak Mulia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Iskandar

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah mengkaji sejauhmana peranan etika bisnis sebagai pelaksanaan kode etik para pengusaha, manajer atau sumber daya manusia dalam organisasi bisnis serta stakeholders, berdasarkan nilai-nilai moral, norma dan agama yang dijadikan tuntunan untuk membuat keputusan dan solusi masalah yang etis, sebagai upaya membangun akhlak mulia. Pembangunan akhlak mulia merupakan upaya mengembangkan sikap yang melekat pada jiwa setiap sumber daya manusia secara sepontan yang diwujudkan dalam perbuatan/tidakan. Penulisan artikel ini menggunakan pendekatan etika bisnis, perilaku organisasi, manajemen sumber daya manusia dan pendidikan agama Islam yang memfokuskan kepada etika bisnis dalam upaya membangun akhlak mulia. Hasil pembahasan dalam artikel ini menunjukkan, bahwa: jika tindakan perilaku bisnis, manajer atau sumber daya manusia serta stakeholders itu baik menurut akal atau rasio, rasa atau kalbu dan agama, maka tindakan itu disebut akhlak yang baik (akhlakul karimah. Sebaliknya jika tindakan itu buruk, maka disebut akhlak yang buruk (akhlakul mazmumah. Standar baik dan buruk akhlak adalah Al-Qur’an dan Sunah Rasul, yang bersifat universal dan abadi. Dalam pandangan Islam, akhlak merupakan cermin dari jiwa manusia. Akhlak yang baik adalah dorongan dari keimanan yang ditampilkan dengan tindakan nyata dalam kehidupan. Menurut sasarannya, pembangunan akhlak meliputi akhlak terhadap Allah SWT, akhlak kepada sesama manusia dan akhlak kepada lingkungan alam semesta. Peranan etika bisnis dalam pembangunan akhlak mulia adalah sebagai pelaksanaan kode etik para pengusaha, manajer atau sumber daya manusia dalam organisasi bisnis serta para stakeholders, berdasarkan nilai-nilai moral, norma, etika dan agama yang dijadikan tuntunan untuk membuat keputusan dan solusi masalah. Dalam upaya membangun akhlak mulia, mereka itu melaksanakan prinsip dan standar etika bisnis, yaitu: Kejujuran (honesty: tidak berbohong. Integritas (integrity

  17. Uranium management activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jackson, D.; Marshall, E.; Sideris, T.; Vasa-Sideris, S.

    2001-01-01

    One of the missions of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge Office (ORO) has been the management of the Department's uranium materials. This mission has been accomplished through successful integration of ORO's uranium activities with the rest of the DOE complex. Beginning in the 1980's, several of the facilities in that complex have been shut down and are in the decommissioning process. With the end of the Cold War, the shutdown of many other facilities is planned. As a result, inventories of uranium need to be removed from the Department facilities. These inventories include highly enriched uranium (HEU), low enriched uranium (LEU), normal uranium (NU), and depleted uranium (DU). The uranium materials exist in different chemical forms, including metals, oxides, solutions, and gases. Much of the uranium in these inventories is not needed to support national priorities and programs. (author)

  18. PEMANFATAN TEOREMA BAYES DALAM PENENTUAN PENYAKIT THT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Winiarti

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Dalam konsep pelacakan dalam mencari solusi dengan pendekatan artificial inteligent, ada berbagai metode yang dapat diterapkan untuk mengatasi masalah ketidakpastian saat proses pelacakan terjadi. Salah satunya adalah teorema bayes. Adanya ketidakpastian pada proses pelacakan dapat terjadi karena adanya perubahan pengetahuan yang ada di dalam sistem. Untuk itu diperlukan adanya suatu metode untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut. Dalam penelitian ini telah diterapkan suatu metode untuk mengatasi ketidakpastian dengan teorema Bayes pada kasus pelacakan untuk mendiagnosa penyakit pada THT (Telinga,Hidung dan Tenggorokan. Subjek pada penelitian ini adalah proses pelacakan untuk menentukan penyakit THT dengan model penalaran forward chaining dan metode kepastiannya menggunakan teorema bayes dengan cara menghitung nilai probabilitas suatu penyakit dan membandingkan probabilitas setiap gejalanya. Model pengembangan perangkat lunak yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Waterfall. Metode Waterfall diawali dengan analisis data, perancangan sistem, pengkodean menggunakan Visual Basic 6.0, pengujian sistem dengan black box test dan alfa test. Dari penelitian yang dilakukan menghasilkan sebuah perangkat lunak yaitu yang mampu menentukan penyakit pada THT dengan menerapkan metode bayes untuk mengatasi ketidakpastian. Hasil uji coba sistem menujukkan bahwa aplikasi ini layak dan dapat digunakan. Kata kunci : Penyakit, THT, Teorema Bayes.

  19. PEMANFATAN TEOREMA BAYES DALAM PENENTUAN PENYAKIT THT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Winiarti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Dalam konsep pelacakan dalam mencari solusi dengan pendekatan artificial inteligent, ada berbagai metode  yang dapat diterapkan untuk mengatasi masalah ketidakpastian saat proses pelacakan terjadi. Salah satunya adalah teorema bayes. Adanya ketidakpastian pada proses pelacakan dapat terjadi karena adanya perubahan pengetahuan yang ada di dalam sistem. Untuk itu diperlukan adanya suatu metode untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut. Dalam penelitian ini telah diterapkan suatu metode untuk mengatasi ketidakpastian dengan teorema Bayes pada kasus pelacakan untuk mendiagnosa penyakit pada THT (Telinga,Hidung dan Tenggorokan.  Subjek pada penelitian ini adalah proses pelacakan untuk menentukan penyakit THT dengan model penalaran forward chaining dan metode kepastiannya menggunakan teorema bayes dengan cara menghitung nilai probabilitas suatu penyakit dan membandingkan probabilitas setiap gejalanya. Model pengembangan perangkat lunak yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Waterfall. Metode Waterfall diawali dengan analisis data, perancangan sistem, pengkodean menggunakan Visual Basic 6.0, pengujian sistem dengan black box test dan alfa test. Dari penelitian yang dilakukan menghasilkan sebuah perangkat lunak yaitu  yang mampu menentukan penyakit pada THT dengan menerapkan metode bayes untuk mengatasi ketidakpastian. Hasil uji coba sistem menujukkan bahwa aplikasi ini layak dan dapat digunakan.

  20. PROSPEK PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS DALAM MEWUJUDKAN KETAHANAN PANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efriyani Sumastuti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Agribusiness sector has an important role in the process of economic development. The contribution of this sector in economic development, areto increase the food production for domestic consumption, become the largest provider of employment, enlarge the market for industries, increase the supply of money for saving and increase the income. Up to now, the role of the agricultural sector in Indonesia is sogreatin supporting the food fullfillmentand providing an employment for farm house holds. The great role and potency of agribusiness sector in realizing the food sustainability still have to face many challenges and complex issues. There should be many efforts for the existance of agribusiness sector. This study will discuss the agribussiness potency, prospects, problems and the efforts that should be done for the food sustainability.Sektor agribisnis mempunyai peranan penting dalam proses pembangunan ekonomi. Kontribusi sektor ini dalam pembangunan ekonomi antara lain meningkatkan produksi pangan untuk konsumsi domestik, sebagai penyedia tenaga kerja terbesar, memperbesar pasar untuk industri, meningkatkan supply uang tabungan dan meningkatkan devisa. Sampai saat ini, peranan sektor pertanian di Indonesia begitu besar dalam mendukung pemenuhan pangan dan memberikan lapangan kerja bagi rumah tangga petani. Peran dan potensi sektor agribisnis yang demikian besar dalam mewujudkan ketahanan pangan di masa yang akan datang masih harus menghadapi berbagai tantangan dan permasalahan kompleks. Untuk itu perlu dilakukan upaya-upaya untuk tetap eksis. Studi ini akan membahas tentang potensi, prospek, permasalahan serta upaya yang perlu dilakukan sektor agribisnis dalam mewujudkan ketahanan pangan.

  1. TANGGUNG JAWAB KEPERDATAAN BIDAN DALAM PELAYANAN KESEHATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Antari Inaka Turingsih

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In carrying out their health services obligations, midwifes need to comply with professional standards because failure to observe careful and diligent practice may be a ground for holding the midwife accountable. Injured patient reserves the right to file a lawsuit against the midwifes by invoking breach of contract or wrongful acts as the basis of liability. Therefore, in carrying out his/her profession, a midwife must comply with professional standards, standard operating procedures, and regulated code of conduct. This article will analyse matters pertinent to profession, malpractice, and their efforts to heal. Bidan dalam melaksanakan kewajiban pelayanan kesehatan harus berdasarkan pada standar profesi. Jika dalam melaksanakan kewajibannya bidan melakukan kesalahan, maka ia dapat dimintai pertanggungjawaban. Pasien sebagai pihak yang dirugikan dapat mengajukan pertanggungjawaban bidan melalui gugat berdasarkan wanprestasi atau perbuatan melawan hukum. Oleh karena itu, dalam melaksanakan profesinya, seorang bidan harus memenuhi ketentuan standar profesi, standar prosedur operasional dan kode etik yang telah diatur. Dalam tulisan ini akan dicoba untuk dikaji hal-hal yang berkaitan dengan profesi, malpraktik, dan pertanggungjawaban dalam upaya penyembuhan.

  2. KADAR ZAT GIZI DALAM TEMPE BENGUK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrawati Gandjar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Disamping kacang kedele dan kacang tanah sejumlah kacang-kacangan yang kurang dikenal juga dimakan penduduk daerah-daerah tertentu di Pulau Jawa. Diantaranya biji-biji koro benguk (Mucuna pruriens. Hasil fermentasi dari biji-biji ini dikenal sebagai tempe benguk.Dalam penelitian ini telah digunakan campuran biji koro benguk varitas abu-abu dan varitas hitam dalam perbandingan 1:1.Hasil isolasi mikroflora dari contoh-contoh tempe benguk yang dijual belikan ialah species dari marga (genus Rhizopus. Strain 90 II/3 dari desa Donomulyo Malang Selatan yang diidentifikasi sebagai R. arrhizus menghasilkan tempe benguk yang baik dan dipakai dalam penelitian ini.Telah dilakukan analisa zat gizi kedua varitas biji-biji koro benguk mentah, begitu pula dari substrat sebelum fermentasi dan tempe benguknya. Kadar protein dari tempe benguk dengan strain 90 II/3 ialah 14.1%.Proses perebusan, perendaman dan pengukusan telah menghilangkan seluruh HCN dalam substrat. Dari segi kandungan aflatoksin tempe benguk dalam penelitian ini tidak membahayakan karena kandungannya hanya 1.04 ppb.Hasil fermentasi biji-biji koro benguk dapat merupakan suatu sumber protein murah bagi penduduk yang makanan pokoknya terutama serealia dan umbi-umbian.

  3. Uranium industry annual 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1998 (UIA 1998) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry's activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. It contains data for the period 1989 through 2008 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey.'' Data provides a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry's activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry's plans and commitments for the near-term future. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1989 through 1998, including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment, are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2008, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, and uranium inventories, are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1998 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey'' is provided in Appendix C. The Form EIA-858 ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey'' is shown in Appendix D. For the readers convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix E along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 24 figs., 56 tabs

  4. Uranium industry annual 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1994 (UIA 1994) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry's activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing during that survey year. The UIA 1994 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the 10-year period 1985 through 1994 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey.'' Data collected on the ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey'' (UIAS) provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry's activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry's plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1994, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. A feature article, ''Comparison of Uranium Mill Tailings Reclamation in the United States and Canada,'' is included in the UIA 1994. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, and uranium inventories, enrichment feed deliveries (actual and projected), and unfilled market requirements are shown in Chapter 2

  5. Menakar Peranan Pustakawan dalam Implementasi Teknologi Informasi di Perpustakaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Nugrohoadhi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pustakawan dalam era teknologi informasi ini perlu mempersiapkan diri dalam menghadapi era perpustakaan digital. Kemampuan dalam beradaptasi dengan lingkungan ini amat diperlukan karena pemustaka sendiri tentunya  mengharapkan layanan yang berorientasi pada teknologi maju sehingga keakuratan data dan kecepatan informasi dapat diperoleh. Khususnya pada perpustakaan yang melayani lembaga perguruan tinggi akan selalu berkembang baik jumlah koleksi, fasilitas maupun pengembangan profesionalisme para pustakawan. Dalam mendukung aktivitas  kegiatan ini perpustakaan  diharapkan akan selalu sigap dalam menyiapkan kebutuhan pemustaka sehingga koleksi yang disediakan mampu mengimbangi kebutuhan informasi yang diperlukan.

  6. SOLUTION FOCUSED BRIEF COUNSELING (SFBC: ALTERNATIF PENDEKATAN DALAM KONSELING KELUARGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumarwiyah -

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Solution Focused Brief Counseling meruppakan pendekatan konseling yang didasari oleh suatu pandangan bahwa sejatinya kebenaran dan realitas bukanlah suatu yang bersifat absolute namun realitas dan kebenaran itu dapat dikonstruksikan. Dalam konteks konseling keluarga dominasi salah satu anggota dana tau kepala keluarga sering menjadi pemicu masalah sehingga perlu didudukkan pada satu konteks penyelesaian masalah berbasis pada realitas yang ada. Konsleing keluarga dengan pendekatan ini memungkinkan konseli yang bermasalah dalam konteks keluarga memperoleh kemandirian dalam menyelesaikan masalah dan mencari solusi secara cepat dan tepat dalam mengatasi masalah-maslah yang ada dalam keluarga. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

  7. Interaksi Belajar Matematika Siswa Dalam Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe STAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Septi Nur Afifah

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan menuntut siswa untuk bersikap aktif, kreatif dan inovatif. Namun dalam pelaksanaannya menunjukkan adanya kekurangan pada praktek pembelajaran. Salah satu pembelajaran  yang melibatkan siswa aktif adalah pembelajaran kooperatif. Dalam pembelajaran kooperatif siswa saling berinteraksi satu sama lain dalam kelompok untuk bekerja sama dalam menyelesaikan tugas. Interaksi belajar siswa dalam pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD dapat dibedakan menjadi dua yaitu interaksi belajar siswa dalam tugas dan interaksi siswa di luar tugas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan interaksi belajar matematika siswa dalam pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kelas VIII-A SMP N I Modo Lamongan dengan jumlah siswa 33 orang. Data interaksi belajar siswa dalam kelompok diperoleh dengan lembar observasi dan rekaman handycam. Berdasarkan analisis data, dapat disimpulkan bahwa interaksi belajar matematika siswa dalam pembelajaran kooperatif yang terjadi dalam menyampaikan ide atau pendapat yaitu sebesar 34,4% untuk kelompok 1 dan 32,3% untuk kelompok 2, memberi bantuan yang disertai dengan penjelasan sebesar 15,6% untuk kelompok 1 dan 20,6% untuk kelompok 2, memberi bantuan tanpa disertai dengan penjelasan sebesar 25,0% untuk kelompok 1 dan 20,6% untuk kelompok 2 dan interaksi belajar matematika siswa dalam meminta bantuan sebesar 25,0% untuk kelompok 1 dan 26,5% untuk kelompok 2.

  8. Fenomena Gender dalam Dongkari Lagu-Lagu Tembang Sunda Cianjuran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Hermawan

    2016-02-01

    ABSTRAK   Tulisan ini, “Fenomena Gender dalam Dongkari Lagu-lagu Tembang Sunda Cainjuran,” merupakan bagian kecil dari disertasi penulis berjudul “Gender dalam Tembang Sunda Cianjuran,” yang kemudian diolah kembali sesuai dengan tema tulisan ini. Tulisan ini ber- maksud untuk mengkaji fenomena gender dalam salah satu unsur tembang sunda cianjuran tersebut, yaitu dongkari. Sejauh mana ideologi gender dalam kehidupan masyarakat ber- pengaruh terhadap pertunjukan tembang sunda cianjuran, khususnya dalam menggunakan dongkari lagu-lagu tembang sunda cianjuran; dan sebaliknya. Dari kajian tersebut diperoleh kesimpulan yang menyatakan bahwa fenomena gender dapat ditemukan dalam ornamen/ dongkari. Hal ini ditunjukkan oleh adanya ornamen/dongkari yang bersifat maskulin dan feminin yang masing-masing biasa digunakan oleh penembang pria dan wanita dalam menembangkan lagu-lagu tembang sunda cianjuran. Kendatipun demikian, hal tersebut tidak terlepas dari fenomena cross-gender yang senantiasa hadir menyertainya sehingga dalam kasus-kasus tertentu, ornamen/dongkari yang bersifat maskulin bisa pula digunakan oleh penembang wanita; dan demikian pula sebaliknya. Keterkaitan antara fenomena gen- der yang ditemukan dalam ornamen/dongkari dan penggunaannya oleh penembang pria dan wanita dalam praktik pertunjukan tembang sunda cianjuran menunjukkan adanya sa- ling keterkaitan dan saling memengaruhi antara ideologi gender yang melekat dalam ke- hidupan masyarakat Sunda dan pertunjukan musik—tembang sunda cianjuran.   Kata kunci: gender, tembang sunda cianjuran, ornamen/dongkari

  9. Uranium: a basic evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crull, A.W.

    1978-01-01

    All energy sources and technologies, including uranium and the nuclear industry, are needed to provide power. Public misunderstanding of the nature of uranium and how it works as a fuel may jeopardize nuclear energy as a major option. Basic chemical facts about uranium ore and uranium fuel technology are presented. Some of the major policy decisions that must be made include the enrichment, stockpiling, and pricing of uranium. Investigations and lawsuits pertaining to uranium markets are reviewed, and the point is made that oil companies will probably have to divest their non-oil energy activities. Recommendations for nuclear policies that have been made by the General Accounting Office are discussed briefly

  10. Uranium health physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    This report contains the papers delivered at the Summer School on Uranium Health Physics held in Pretoria on the 14 and 15 April 1980. The following topics were discussed: uranium producton in South Africa; radiation physics; internal dosimetry and radiotoxicity of long-lived uranium isotopes; uranium monitoring; operational experience on uranium monitoring; dosimetry and radiotoxicity of inhaled radon daughters; occupational limits for inhalation of radon-222, radon-220 and their short-lived daughters; radon monitoring techniques; radon daughter dosimeters; operational experience on radon monitoring; and uranium mill tailings management

  11. Uranium: one utility's outlook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gass, C.B.

    1983-01-01

    The perspective of the Arizona Public Service Company (APS) on the uncertainty of uranium as a fuel supply is discussed. After summarizing the history of nuclear power and the uranium industries, a projection is made for the future uranium market. An uncrtain uranium market is attributed to various determining factors that include international politics, production costs, non-commercial government regulation, production-company stability, and questionable levels of uranium sales. APS offers its solutions regarding type of contract, choice of uranium producers, pricing mechanisms, and aids to the industry as a whole. 5 references, 10 figures, 1 table

  12. JEJAK KARAWITAN DALAM KAKAWIN SUMANASANTAKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendra Santosa

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Kakawin Sumanas?ntaka (Death Because Sumanasa Flowers is one source of the search trail musical term of from about 22 manuscript Old Javanese literature.This article is part of the research entitled "Traces Track Karawitan in Ancient Java Script: Assessment Form, function and meaning". This discussion is intended to clarify the form and function of musical instruments during the period in East Java around the 10th century.This study uses historical method which, through the stages of heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. At this stage of heuristics used kakawin Sumanas?ntaka is the work of Worsley, P., S. Supomo, M. Fletchert dan T.H. Hunter.,year 2014 also found written entitledKakawin Sumanas?ntaka, Mati Karena Bunga Sumanasa, Karya Mpu Monaguna., Kajian sebuah puisi epik Jawa Kuno. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.Criticism is done internally through direct translation as the facts speak and the last is the stage of historiography. Form and function in kakawin Sumanasantaka musical instruments, can not be separated from the function of musical instruments in the future, namely as a means Javanese ceremonies and as accompanist secular activities. Keywords: form, function, karawitan, kakawin, Sumanas?ntaka   ABSTRAK Kakawin Sumanas?ntaka (Mati Karena Bunga Sumanasa merupakan salah satu sumber penelusuran jejak istilah karawitan dari sekitar 22 Naskah kesusastraanberbahasa Jawa Kuno awal.Tulisan ini merupakan bagian dari hasil penelitian yang berjudul “Melacak Jejak Karawitan dalam Naskah Jawa Kuno: Kajian Bentuk, fungsi, dan Makna”. Pembahasan ini dimaksudkan untuk memperjelas bentuk dan fungsi instrumen musik pada masa periode Jawa Timur sekitar abad ke-10.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode sejarah yaitu, melalui tahapan heuristik, kritik, interpretasi, dan historiografi. Pada tahap heuristik ditemukan sebuah kakawin Sumanasantaka yaitu karya Worsley, P., S. Supomo, M. Fletchert dan T.H. Hunter. Tahun 2014

  13. STATISTIK DESKRIPTIF DALAM PENELITIAN KUALITATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amirotun Sholikhah

    2017-03-01

    -sampel yang representatif. Melalui tahapan tersebut paling tidak peneliti akan mampu menghasilkan temuan data yang komprehensif dan dapat dipertanggungjawabkan secara keilmuan. Sebab itu sangat penting bagi peneliti untuk menggunakan metode statistik deskriptif pada penelitian kualitatif, sebagai bentuk penelitian tentang yang cenderung memotret fenomena sosial. Melalui kemampuan olah basis data yang dimiliki oleh metode kualitatif deskriptif, sangatlah membantu dalam melakukan pengamatan dalam bentuk ukuran-ukuran berupa angka-angka.

  14. Kreativitas Mang Koko dalam Karawitan Sunda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tardi Ruswandi

    2016-03-01

    ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini terfokus pada kreativitas Mang Koko dalam menciptakan lagu-lagu dan gending sebagai pengiring lagu. Kreativitas Mang Koko dianalisis dengan menggunakan teori Dedi Supriadi (1994:7 yang menjelaskan bahwa kreativitas merupakan kemampuan seseorang untuk melahirkan sesuatu yang baru, baik berupa gagasan maupun karya nyata, yang relatif   berbeda dengan apa yang telah ada sebelumnya. Mang Koko merupakan seniman kreatif dan produktif dalam berkarya yang hingga saat ini masih diperhitungkan. Dalam mengembangkan karawitan Sunda dan melahirkan genre baru, Mang Koko terilhami oleh beberapa jenis karawitan Sunda dan terinspirasi oleh pola-pola musik Barat sehingga proses kreatifnya berpijak pada aspek penggalian dan penciptaan. Hasil kreativitas Mang koko dikelompokkan menjadi Sekar Jenaka, lagu-lagu Kawih (anggana dan rampak sekar, Gamelan Wanda Anyar, Kacapian, Etude Kacapi, dan Drama Suara (Gending Karesmen.   Kata kunci: Mang Koko, Kreativitas, Karawitan Sunda

  15. KRIMINALISASI BERLEBIH (OVERCRIMINALIZATION DALAM KRIMINALISASI KORUPSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marthen H. Toelle

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Artikel ini berargumen bahwa kriminalisasi dalam Pasal 2 ayat (1 dan Pasal 3 UU Tipikor adalah praktik kriminalisasi berlebih. Praktik kriminalisasi berlebih pada hakikatnya adalah keputusan menetapkan suatu tindakan sebagai tindak pidana dalam undang-undang tanpa didukung oleh alasan yang memadai. Dalam kontrak dengan pemerintah, perlindungan terhadap keuangan negara sudah memadai sehingga tindakan merugikan keuangan negara tidak perlu dikriminalisasi atau dipidana berdasarkan Pasal 2 ayat (1 dan Pasal 3 UU Tipikor. Abstract This article argues that the criminalization stipulated in Articles 2(1 and 3 of the Indonesian Anti-Corruption Act is overcriminalization. Overcriminalization is, in essence, the decision to criminalize certain behaviour without being supported by adequate reasons. In government contracts, the protection over State budget has been properly established, therefore any State budget loss should not necessarily be criminalized according to Articles 2 (1 and 3 of the Indonesian Anti-Corruption Act.

  16. Beblabadan Bahasa Bali Dalam Perspektif Ekolinguistik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Ngurah Adi Rajistha

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan (1 kategori gramatikal dari leksikon alam yang digunakan dalam beblabadan, (2 konstruksis sintaksis dari beblabadan yang mengandung leksikon alam, dan (3 tiga dimensi praksis sosial dari beblabadan. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dari buku Basita Paribasa karangan W. Simpen AB. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah berupa frasa dan klausa. Hasil analisis disajikan dengan menggunakan metode formal dan informal. Berdasarkan analisis yang dilakukan, ada tiga temuan dalam analisis ini yaitu (1 kategori gramatikal dari leksikon alam dalam beblabadan adalah verba seperti mabawang (berlaku sebagai bawang dan nomina seperti jaka (pohon enau; (2 Konstruksi sintaksis dari beblabadan (metafora yang mengandung leksikon-leksikon alam tersebut antara lain frasa nomina seperti base wayah (seperti daun sirih tua, frasa verba seperti mabawang putih (seperti bawang putih, dan klausa seperti ental magulung (daun lontar digulung; dan (3 dimensi praksis sosial dari beblabadan (metafora ditunjukkan oleh pola-pola acuan tertentu.

  17. Minat Masyarakat dalam Menggunakan Smart Appliances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diah Yuniarti

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Harga sumber energi yang semakin naik dari tahun ke tahun dan kemajuan teknologi telah mendorong perkembangan smart grid. Smart appliance merupakan salah satu komponen penting dalam smart grid. Penerapan smart appliance sejalan dengan kebijakan untuk mengurangi konsumsi energi, mengurangi emisi karbon dan penyediaan energi dari energi terbarukan. Penetrasi telepon bergerak turut memudahkan manajemen energi dan otomatisasi home appliance. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis minat masyarakat, yang merupakan aktor aktif dalam konsumsi dan manajemen energi di rumah tangga. Data penelitian dianalisis  dengan menggunakan metode structural equation modeling (SEM Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variabel enjoyment memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap minat dalam menggunakan smart appliance. Sedangkan, variabel compatibility ease of use, relative advantage dan image tidak memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap minat menggunakan smart appliance.

  18. Recovery of uranium from crude uranium tetrafluoride

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghosh, S.K.; Bellary, M.P.; Keni, V.S.

    1994-01-01

    An innovative process has been developed for recovery of uranium from crude uranium tetrafluoride cake. The process is based on direct dissolution of uranium tetrafluoride in nitric acid in presence of aluminium hydroxide and use of solvent extraction for removal of fluorides and other bulk impurities to make uranium amenable for refining. It is a simple process requiring minimum process step and has advantage of lesser plant corrosion. This process can be applied for processing of uranium tetrafluoride generated from various sources like uranium by-product during thorium recovery from thorium concentrate, first stage product of uranium recovery from phosphoric acid by OPPA process and off grade uranium tetrafluoride material. The paper describes the details of the process developed and demonstrated on bench and pilot scale and its subsequent modification arising out of bulky solid waste generation. The modified process uses a lower quantity of aluminium hydroxide by allowing a lower dissolution of uranium per cycle and recycles the undissolved material to the next cycle, maintaining the overall recovery at high level. This innovation has reduced the solid waste generated by a factor of four at the cost of a slightly larger dissolution vessel and its increased corrosion rate. (author)

  19. Recovery of uranium from crude uranium tetrafluoride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, S K; Bellary, M P; Keni, V S [Chemical Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)

    1994-06-01

    An innovative process has been developed for recovery of uranium from crude uranium tetrafluoride cake. The process is based on direct dissolution of uranium tetrafluoride in nitric acid in presence of aluminium hydroxide and use of solvent extraction for removal of fluorides and other bulk impurities to make uranium amenable for refining. It is a simple process requiring minimum process step and has advantage of lesser plant corrosion. This process can be applied for processing of uranium tetrafluoride generated from various sources like uranium by-product during thorium recovery from thorium concentrate, first stage product of uranium recovery from phosphoric acid by OPPA process and off grade uranium tetrafluoride material. The paper describes the details of the process developed and demonstrated on bench and pilot scale and its subsequent modification arising out of bulky solid waste generation. The modified process uses a lower quantity of aluminium hydroxide by allowing a lower dissolution of uranium per cycle and recycles the undissolved material to the next cycle, maintaining the overall recovery at high level. This innovation has reduced the solid waste generated by a factor of four at the cost of a slightly larger dissolution vessel and its increased corrosion rate. (author). 4 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  20. PEMANFAATAN WEB KHAN ACADEMY DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Soebagyo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengobservasi pemanfaatan web Khan Academy siswa SMK Swasta di Jakarta Utara. Observasi dilakukan untuk mengamati aktivitas siswa dalam menggunakan web khan academy selama proses pembelajaran matematika. Pemanfaatan teknologi dalam proses pembelajaran matematika sudah sepatutnya dilakukan oleh pihak-pihak yang ikut bertanggungjawab atas keberhasilan belajar matematika perserta didik.  Teknologi merupakan hal yang tidak bisa dipisahkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dan salah satu bentuk teknologi yang sering dimanfaatkan saat ini adalah website dimana akitifitas pekerjaan, pendidikan, hiburan dan hubungan  sosial, semuanya dapat dialami melalui website.  Dibutuhkan sebuah website yang bias mengakomodir siswa dalam proses pembelajaran matematika baik di dalam kelas maupun di luar kelas.  Kriteria web yang baik haruslah memberikan kemudahan dalam pemanfaatannya, salah satu web tersebut adalah web khan academy.   This paper aims to observe the use of web Khan Academy Private vocational students in North Jakarta. Observations carried out to observe the activities of the students in using web khan academy during the learning process of mathematics. The use of technology in the learning process of mathematics has been duly carried out by parties who share responsibility for the success of students studying mathematics participants. Technology is something that can not be separated in everyday life and one form of technology that is often used today is a website where the activity, employment, education, entertainment and social relationships, all of which can be experienced through the website. It takes a biased website to accommodate students in mathematics learning process both in the classroom and outside the classroom. Criteria for good web should provide ease of use, one of the web is a web khan academy.

  1. FAKTOR KEBUDAYAAN DALAM PENENTUAN POSITIONING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesie Yuliadewi

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The culture is the important part to influent people s attitudes like the way they have seen or thinked. Usually%2C people will learn some thing faster than the other%2C because it has been related with their past experience. That is why%2C the culture become one of the most important thing in advertising and it have great influence for the brand image of the consumers. So the consumers can be easily remember the products that have been advertising. Last%2C all of it%2C will change the sales of the products goes up and hopefully%2C it will increase the revenue/profit of the firm. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Kebudayaan akan mempengaruhi sudut pandang seseorang terhadap sesuatu yang dilihat atau diterima oleh otaknya. Seseorang akan lebih cepat menerima sesuatu apabila ciri-ciri hal yang baru diterimanya berhubungan dengan masa lampaunya. Oleh karena itu%2C kebudayaan merupakan faktor yang penting diperhitungkan agar pesan yang termuat dalam iklan cepat diterima dan diingat di benak calon konsumen%2C sehingga angka penjualan dapat meningkat.

  2. Prinsip Transparansi dalam Perjanjian TBT dan SPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Widyaputri Kariodimedjo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Transparency principle in the TBT and SPS Agreement is implemented by notification. Its application is prepared by related agencies through the making of regulations, establishment of enquiry points, building capacity and infrastructure. It guarantees certainty, predictability and credibility of Indonesia in international trade, and its application should not undermine national trade policy. Prinsip transparansi dalam Perjanjian TBT dan SPS diterapkan melalui notifikasi. Penerapan prinsip ini dilakukan oleh instansi-instansi terkait melalui pembuatan peraturan, upaya terkait kelembagaan, SDM dan infrastruktur. Prinsip yang bertujuan menciptakan kepastian, konsistensi bagi perdagangan dan kredibilitas Indonesia dalam perdagangan internasional, harus dilakukan tanpa mengorbankan kepentingan untuk mengamankan kebijakan impor nasional.

  3. PENERAPAN ANALISIS SWOC DALAM RENCANA STRATEGIS PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardianto -

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Analisis SWOC merupakan salah satu langkah yang bisa diambil dalam membuat sebuah rencana strategis pendidikan. Analisis ini dilakukan untuk melihat secara mendalam situasi internal dan eksternal organisasi. Situasi internal yang dilihat adalah kekuatan (Strenghts dan kelemahan (Weaknesses organisasi pendidikan. Situasi eksternal berupa peluang (Opportinities dan tantangan (Challenges. Untuk membuat sebuah rencana strategis yang baik dapat dilakukan dengan menganalisis setiap kekuatan, kelemahan, peluang dan tantangan. Teknik kartu salju (snow card bisa digunakan dalam melakukan analisis SWOC. Hasil analisis tersebut nantinya akan melahirkan kombinasi strategi kekuatan-peluang, kekuatan-tantangan, kelemahan-peluang dan kelemahan-tantangan.

  4. Uranium production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, J.Q.

    1981-01-01

    The domestic uranium industry is in a state of stagflation. Costs continue to rise while the market for the product remains stagnant. During the last 12 months, curtailments and closures of mines and mills have eliminated over 5000 jobs in the industry, plus many more in those industries that furnish supplies and services. By January 1982, operations at four mills and the mines that furnish them ore will have been terminated. Other closures may follow, depending on cost trends, duration of current contracts, the degree to which mills have been amortized, the feasibility of placing mines on standby, the grade of the ore, and many other factors. Open-pit mines can be placed on standby without much difficulty, other than the possible cost of restoration before all the ore has been removed. There are a few small, dry, underground mines that could be mothballed; however, the major underground producers are wet sandstone mines that in most cases could not be reopened after a prolonged shutdown; mills can be mothballed for several years. Figure 8 shows the location of all the production centers in operation, as well as those that have operated or are on standby. Table 1 lists the same production centers plus those that have been deferred, showing nominal capacity of conventional mills in tons of ore per calendar day, and the industry production rate for those mills as of October 1, 1981

  5. Uranium mining in Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1980-01-01

    Known uranium deposits and the companies involved in uranium mining and exploration in Australia are listed. The status of the development of the deposits is outlined and reasons for delays to mining are given

  6. Uranium Processing Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — An integral part of Y‑12's transformation efforts and a key component of the National Nuclear Security Administration's Uranium Center of Excellence, the Uranium...

  7. Uranium in Niger

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gabelmann, E.

    1978-03-01

    This document presents government policy in the enhancement of uranium resources, existing mining companies and their productions, exploitation projects and economical outcome related to the uranium mining and auxiliary activities [fr

  8. Price of military uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klimenko, A.V.

    1998-01-01

    The theoretical results about optimum strategy of use of military uranium confirmed by systems approach accounts are received. The numerical value of the system approach price of the highly enriched military uranium also is given

  9. Uranium market and resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Capus, G.; Arnold, Th.

    2004-01-01

    The controversy about the extend of the uranium resources worldwide is still important, this article sheds some light on this topic. Every 2 years IAEA and NEA (nuclear energy agency) edit an inventory of uranium resources as reported by contributing countries. It appears that about 4.6 millions tons of uranium are available at a recovery cost less than 130 dollars per kg of uranium and a total of 14 millions tons of uranium can be assessed when including all existing or supposed resources. In fact there is enough uranium to sustain a moderate growth of the park of nuclear reactors during next decades and it is highly likely that the volume of uranium resources can allow a more aggressive development of nuclear energy. It is recalled that a broad use of the validated breeder technology can stretch the durability of uranium resources by a factor 50. (A.C.)

  10. Uranium from phosphate ores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hurst, F.J.

    1983-01-01

    The following topics are described briefly: the way phosphate fertilizers are made; how uranium is recovered in the phosphate industry; and how to detect covert uranium recovery operations in a phsophate plant

  11. Industrial realities: Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thiron, H.

    1990-01-01

    In this special issue are examined ores and metals in France and in the world for 1988. The chapter on uranium gives statistical data on the uranium market: Demand, production, prices and reserves [fr

  12. Brazilian uranium deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, L.C.S. dos.

    1985-01-01

    Estimatives of uranium reserves carried out in Figueira, Itataia, Lagoa Real and Espinharas, in Brazil are presented. The samples testing allowed to know geological structures, and the characteristics of uranium mineralization. (M.C.F.) [pt

  13. Uranium mining in Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1984-01-01

    The mining of uranium in Australia is criticised in relation to it's environmental impact, economics and effects on mine workers and Aborigines. A brief report is given on each of the operating and proposed uranium mines in Australia

  14. Uranium mining in Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mackay, G.A.

    1978-01-01

    Western world requirements for uranium based on increasing energy consumption and a changing energy mix, will warrant the development of Australia's resources. By 1985 Australian mines could be producing 9500 tonnes of uranium oxide yearly and by 1995 the export value from uranium could reach that from wool. In terms of benefit to the community the economic rewards are considerable but, in terms of providing energy to the world, Australias uranium is vital

  15. Radiation damage of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lazarevic, Dj.

    1966-11-01

    Study of radiation damage covered the following: Kinetics of electric resistance of uranium and uranium alloy with 1% of molybdenum dependent on the second phase and burnup rate; Study of gas precipitation and diffusion of bubbles by transmission electron microscopy; Numerical analysis of the influence of defects distribution and concentration on the rare gas precipitation in uranium; study of thermal sedimentation of uranium alloy with molybdenum; diffusion of rare gas in metal by gas chromatography method

  16. Bicarbonate leaching of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mason, C.

    1998-01-01

    The alkaline leach process for extracting uranium from uranium ores is reviewed. This process is dependent on the chemistry of uranium and so is independent on the type of mining system (conventional, heap or in-situ) used. Particular reference is made to the geochemical conditions at Crownpoint. Some supporting data from studies using alkaline leach for remediation of uranium-contaminated sites is presented

  17. Bicarbonate leaching of uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mason, C.

    1998-12-31

    The alkaline leach process for extracting uranium from uranium ores is reviewed. This process is dependent on the chemistry of uranium and so is independent on the type of mining system (conventional, heap or in-situ) used. Particular reference is made to the geochemical conditions at Crownpoint. Some supporting data from studies using alkaline leach for remediation of uranium-contaminated sites is presented.

  18. Uranium in fossil bones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koul, S.L.

    1978-01-01

    An attempt has been made to determine the uranium content and thus the age of certain fossil bones Haritalyangarh (Himachal Pradesh), India. The results indicate that bones rich in apatite are also rich in uranium, and that the radioactivity is due to radionuclides in the uranium series. The larger animals apparently have a higher concentration of uranium than the small. The dating of a fossil jaw (elephant) places it in the Pleistocene. (Auth.)

  19. Method for converting uranium oxides to uranium metal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duerksen, W.K.

    1988-01-01

    A method for converting uranium oxide to uranium metal is described comprising the steps of heating uranium oxide in the presence of a reducing agent to a temperature sufficient to reduce the uranium oxide to uranium metal and form a heterogeneous mixture of a uranium metal product and oxide by-products, heating the mixture in a hydrogen atmosphere at a temperature sufficient to convert uranium metal in the mixture to uranium hydride, cooling the resulting uranium hydride-containing mixture to a temperature sufficient to produce a ferromagnetic transition in the uranium hydride, magnetically separating the cooled uranium hydride from the mixture, and thereafter heating the separated uranium hydride in an inert atmosphere to a temperature sufficient to convert the uranium hydride to uranium metal

  20. PENERAPAN LEGO BRICKS DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEBAGAI STRATEGI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECERDASAN MATEMATIS SISWA DALAM MENGHITUNG BILANGAN BERPANGKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mutia Rahma Setyani

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hasil pembelajaran dan mendeskripsikan kecerdasan matematis siswa dalam menghitung bilangan berpangkat setelah menggunakan lego bricks pada siswa kelas III Tahassus MIS Ta’allamul Huda. Penelitian ini menggunakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas ini dengan model pembelajaran Cooperative Learning. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas III ahassus MIS a’allamul Huda yang berjumlah 24 siswa. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi dan wawancara, selanjutnya dianalisis secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keberhasilan penerapan lego bricks pada perhitungan bilangan berpangkat meningkat pada setiap siklusnya. Pada tahap Pra Siklus, hanya 40% siswa yang lulus dalam mengerjakan soal-soal dari bilangan berpangkat, kemudian pada Siklus I berdasarkan hasil observasi didapatkan kenaikan yang signifikan yaitu 80% siswa yang lulus dalam mengerjakan soal mengenai bilangan berpangkat. Masih ada 20% siswa yang masih kesulitan dalam mengerjakan soal tersebut. Selanjutnya setelah dilakukan perbaikan, pada Siklus II didapat kenaikan yang luar biasa yaitu seluruh kelompok siswa lulus dalam mengerjakan soal mengenai bilangan berpangkat. Hal tersebut dibuktikan kembali melalui hasil post test pada tahap Pasca Siklus dimana nilai seluruh siswa berada diatas kriteria ketuntasan minimum, yaitu 85-100 sehingga penerapan lego bricks untuk meningkatkan kecerdasan matematis siswa dalam menghitung bilangan berpangkat dikatakan berhasil.

  1. Microbial accumulation of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Wei; Dong Faqin; Dai Qunwei

    2005-01-01

    The mechanism of microbial accumulation of uranium and the effects of some factors (including pH, initial uranium concentration, pretreatment of bacteria, and so on) on microbial accumulation of uranium are discussed briefly. The research direction and application prospect are presented. (authors)

  2. Uranium energy dependence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Erkes, P.

    1981-06-01

    Uranium supply and demand as projected by the Uranium Institute is discussed. It is concluded that for the industrialized countries, maximum energy independence is a necessity. Hence it is necessary to achieve assurance of supply for uranium used in thermal power reactors in current programs and eventually to move towards breeders

  3. Australian uranium today

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fisk, B.

    1978-01-01

    The subject is covered in sections, entitled: Australia's resources; Northern Territory uranium in perspective; the government's decision [on August 25, 1977, that there should be further development of uranium under strictly controlled conditions]; Government legislation; outlook [for the Australian uranium mining industry]. (U.K.)

  4. Uranium resources, 1983

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1983-01-01

    The specific character of uranium as energy resources, the history of development of uranium resources, the production and reserve of uranium in the world, the prospect regarding the demand and supply of uranium, Japanese activity of exploring uranium resources in foreign countries and the state of development of uranium resources in various countries are reported. The formation of uranium deposits, the classification of uranium deposits and the reserve quantity of each type are described. As the geological environment of uranium deposits, there are six types, that is, quartz medium gravel conglomerate deposit, the deposit related to the unconformity in Proterozoic era, the dissemination type magma deposit, pegmatite deposit and contact deposit in igneaus rocks and metamorphic rocks, vein deposit, sandstone type deposit and the other types of deposit. The main features of respective types are explained. The most important uranium resources in Japan are those in the Tertiary formations, and most of the found reserve belongs to this type. The geological features, the state of yield and the scale of the deposits in Ningyotoge, Tono and Kanmon Mesozoic formation are reported. Uranium minerals, the promising districts in the world, and the matters related to the exploration and mining of uranium are described. (Kako, I.)

  5. Recycling of reprocessed uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Randl, R.P.

    1987-01-01

    Since nuclear power was first exploited in the Federal Republic of Germany, the philosophy underlying the strategy of the nuclear fuel cycle has been to make optimum use of the resource potential of recovered uranium and plutonium within a closed fuel cycle. Apart from the weighty argument of reprocessing being an important step in the treatment and disposal of radioactive wastes, permitting their optimum ecological conditioning after the reprocessing step and subsequent storage underground, another argument that, no doubt, carried weight was the possibility of reducing the demand of power plants for natural uranium. In recent years, strategies of recycling have emerged for reprocessed uranium. If that energy potential, too, is to be exploited by thermal recycling, it is appropriate to choose a slightly different method of recycling from the one for plutonium. While the first generation of reprocessed uranium fuel recycled in the reactor cuts down natural uranium requirement by some 15%, the recycling of a second generation of reprocessed, once more enriched uranium fuel helps only to save a further three per cent of natural uranium. Uranium of the second generation already carries uranium-232 isotope, causing production disturbances, and uranium-236 isotope, causing disturbances of the neutron balance in the reactor, in such amounts as to make further fabrication of uranium fuel elements inexpedient, even after mixing with natural uranium feed. (orig./UA) [de

  6. Implementasi Student Centered Learning dalam Praktikum Fisika Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy K.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian untuk mengimplementasikan student centered learning dalam praktikum fisika dasar. Berdasarkan pengalaman di jurusan fisika Unesa selama ini, kendala yang dijumpai adalah masih banyak mahasiswa yang belum dapat mandiri dalam melaksanakan kegiatan praktikumnya karena lebih banyak menunggu penjelasan dari pembimbing dan kurang berinisiatif dalam menyelesaikan masalah praktikumnya. Student centered learning (SCL merupakan strategi pembelajaran yang menempatkan mahasiswa sebagai subyek aktif dan mandiri yang bertanggung jawab sepenuhnya atas pembelajarannya. Memperhatikan karakteristik praktikum yang lebih mengarah pada pengembangan keterampilan ilmiah (hard skills dan soft skills mahasiswa dalam mengidentifikasi gejala dan menyelesaikan masalah perlu dilakukan pendekatan pembelajaran yang inovatif yang dapat mengembangkan keterampilan ilmiah mahasiswa secara maksimal. Untuk mengatasi keadaan tersebut, telah diujicobakan suatu mekanisme implementasi SCL dalam praktikum fisika dasar yang diharapkan dapat mengoptimalkan keterampilan praktikum mahasiswa. Efektivitas mekanisme kegiatan praktikum dengan pendekatan SCL tersebut dilihat berdasarkan sejauhmana sasaran yang diinginkan tersebut tercapai. Hasil implementasi student centered learning dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: 1 Atribut-atribut student centered learning yang dapat diintegrasikan ke dalam praktikum fisika dasar meliputi: kerja kelompok, diskusi, menulis, presentasi, dan pemecahan masalah. 2 Atribut-atribut softs skills mahasiswa yang bersesuaian dengan atribut-atribut student centered learning yang diintegrasikan ke dalam praktikum fisika dasar adalah: kerjasama merupakan penekanan dari kegiatan kerja kelompok, manajemen diri merupakan penekanan dari kegiatan diskusi, komunikasi tulis merupakan penekanan dari kegiatan menulis, komunikasi lisan merupakan penekanan dari kegiatan presentasi, berfikir kritis dan analitis merupakan penekanan dari pemecahan

  7. KAWIN PAKSA DALAM PANDANGAN KIAI KRAPYAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Kurniawan

    2017-03-01

    [Tulisan-tulisan yang membahas tentang kawin paksa menandakan bahwa praktek atau pelaksanaan perkawinan paksa masih masif di kalangan masyarakat. Fenomena kawin paksa menjadi ritus dengan menggunakan hujah agama. Kawin paksa dalam fiqh dikenal dengan istilah hak ijbār.  Kawin paksa bisa jadi manifestasi dari hak ijba̅r apabila terpenuhi syarat-syarat dalam menentukan ijba̅r, dan apabila tidak sesuai dengan konsep tersebut maka kawin paksa diposisikan sebagai ikrah. Tulisan ini khusus membahas tentang kawin paksa dalam perspektif Kiai Krapyak. Pandangan Kiai-kiai Krapyak terhadap kawin paksa mempunyai pandangan yang berbeda secara literal. Akan tetapi secara esensial pandangan para Kiai Krapyak cenderung sama. Mereka sepakat bahwa kawin paksa sebisa mungkin untuk dihindari, meskipun dalam prakteknya kawin paksa merupakan akad yang sah. Hukum Islam tidak membenarkan adanya kawin paksa yang berkonotasi ikrah, kendatipun mayoritas mazhab fiqh sepakat adanya hak ijbār. Mayoritas mazhab fiqh sepakat adanya hak tersebut dengan perspektif yang berbeda antara mazhab satu dengan mazhab yang lain. Hukum positif menyebutkan persetujuan kedua pasangan sebagai suatu keharusan, maka secara otomatis tidak ada kompromi terhadap kebolehan  pelaksanaan kawin paksa.

  8. Tokoh Perjanjian Lama dalam Perjanjian Baru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byung Soo Cho

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Surat Yudas menerangkan bahwa Adam adalah manusia yang pertamakarena Henokh termasuk ketujuh dari Adam dalam silsilah. ]uga surat Yudasberbicara tentang kesalehan Henokh sambil menunjukkan bahwa Henokhadalah keturunan Adam, sehingga Adam adalah orang yang saleh.

  9. STEAM DALAM PEMBUATAN PAKAN UNTUK KOMODITAS AKUAKULTUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukarman Sukarman

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Kualitas fisik pakan (pelet untuk hewan akuakultur sangat penting, karena akan dimasukkan ke dalam air dan diharapkan tidak banyak mencemari lingkungan. Salah satu faktor yang berpengaruh dalam menjaga kualitas fisik pakan adalah penambahan dan pengaturan steam pada saat proses pembuatan pelet. Steam adalah aliran gas yang dihasilkan oleh air pada saat mendidih. Steam dibagi menjadi 3 jenis yaitu steam basah, saturated steam, dan superheated steam. Steam yang digunakan dalam proses pembuatan pelet adalah saturated steam. Pengaruh penambahan steam pada kualitas pelet bisa mencapai 20%. Penambahan steam dengan jumlah dan kualitas yang tepat akan menghasilkan pelet berkualitas. Sedangkan jika pengaturan dan penambahannya tidak tepat, maka kualitas fisik pelet akan rendah dan kemungkinan bisa merusak kandungan nutrisi seperti vitamin dan protein. Penambahan steam yang benar bisa dilakukan di dalam kondisioner dengan mengatur retention time, sudut kemiringan paddle conditioner, kecepatan putaran bearing dan menjaga kualitas steam dari mesin boiler sampai dengan kondisioner.

  10. PENGARUH KEBUDAYAAN KONTEMPORER DALAM PERANCANGAN ARSITEKTUR MAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy H. Istanto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Market is traditionally known as the place where the seller and the buyers meet. In its development, it grows to be big shopping centers and even malls. Along with it, the concept of market has also changed within this building. It is not only the place where the transaction between the sellers and the buyers happen but also it expands to be the one where each person has turned to be the "player" in the nowadays "cultural-theatre". Being the designers, the architect is challenged to respond the changing pattern in the society by making use of the building. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pasar dikenal sebagai tempat dimana penjual dan pembeli bertemu. Dalam perkembangan lebih lanjut muncul pusat-pusat pertokoan yang sangat besar sampai hadirnya shopping-mall. Di dalam bangunan inilah konsep pasar secara tradisional telah berkembang, tidak saja tempat transaksi antara penjual dan pembeli, tetapi telah melebar menjadi tempat dimana setiap individu telah menjadi "pemain" di dalam sebuah teater kebudayaan masa kini. Arsitek sebagai perancang bangunan harus menyikapi perubahan-perubahan perilaku yang terjadi di masyarakat dalam menggunakan bangunannya. Kata kunci: kebudayaan kontemporer, arsitek, arsitektur mal, kebudayaan milenium tiga.

  11. ISLAM ABOGE DALAM TRADISI JAWA ALASTUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakirman Sakirman

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam masuk ke tanah Jawa dalam keadaan penduduknya telah memiliki tradisi dan budaya berupa kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada benda-benda tertentu (dinamisme, adanya kekuatan pada arwah orang yang meninggal (animisme dan kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada binatang-binatang (totemisme. Tradisi ini telah diwariskan secara turun temurun, diyakini, dan diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Ketika Islam datang, keyakinan dan kepercayaan tersebut  melebur dalam budaya Islam. Sehingga munculah apa yang disebut dengan sinkretisme Islam, yaitu akulturasi budaya Islam dengan tradisi lokal. Di antara bentuk akulturasi budaya lokal (Jawa dengan Islam adalah tradisi yang dianut oleh komunitas Islam Aboge. Komunitas ini melaksanakan tradisi-tradisi Jawa dengan dibumbui tradisi Islam, maka munculah Islam dengan cita rasa lokal (islam lokal. Kekhasan dari komunitas ini adalah masih menggunakan model Penanggalan Islam Jawa yakni Penanggalan Aboge untuk menetapkan awal Ramadhan, Hari Raya Idhul Fitri dan Idhul Adha. Kata Aboge adalah singkatan dari Alip Rebo Wage yang mempunyai arti Tanggal 1 Muharram Tahun Alif akan jatuh pada hari Rebo (Rabu pasaran Wage. Aboge adalah dasar perhitungan almanak (kalender dalam satu windu atau delapan tahun, maka yang dimaksud Aboge adalah dasar suatu perhitungan. Penggunaan penanggalan dengan sistem Aboge mengakibatkan pelaksanaan ibadah puasa, perayaan Idhul Fitri, dan Idhul Adha yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas Aboge selalu mengalami perbedaan  dengan keputusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh pemerintah melalui sidang Itsbat.

  12. High loading uranium plate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wiencek, T.C.; Domagala, R.F.; Thresh, H.R.

    1990-01-01

    Two embodiments of a high uranium fuel plate are disclosed which contain a meat comprising structured uranium compound confined between a pari of diffusion bonded ductile metal cladding plates uniformly covering the meat, the meat hiving a uniform high fuel loading comprising a content of uranium compound greater than about 45 Vol. % at a porosity not greater than about 10 Vol. %. In a first embodiment, the meat is a plurality of parallel wires of uranium compound. In a second embodiment, the meat is a dispersion compact containing uranium compound. The fuel plates are fabricated by a hot isostatic pressing process

  13. PROCESS OF RECOVERING URANIUM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, J.M.; Larson, C.E.

    1958-10-01

    A process is presented for recovering uranium values from calutron deposits. The process consists in treating such deposits to produce an oxidlzed acidic solution containing uranium together with the following imparities: Cu, Fe, Cr, Ni, Mn, Zn. The uranium is recovered from such an impurity-bearing solution by adjusting the pH of the solution to the range 1.5 to 3.0 and then treating the solution with hydrogen peroxide. This results in the precipitation of uranium peroxide which is substantially free of the metal impurities in the solution. The peroxide precipitate is then separated from the solution, washed, and calcined to produce uranium trioxide.

  14. FUNGSI PENGAWASAN DALAM PENYELENGGARAAN MANAJEMEN KORPORASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sentot Harman Glendoh

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The transition from the 20th to the 21st century in Indonesia has been accompanied by great upheavals in the economic and political sectors as reform efforts to bring about a clean, legitimate democracy which is free from corruption, collusion and nepotism have taken place. These efforts have taken place in order to create a just and prosperous society based on Pancasila and the 1945 Basic Laws. In the areas of both business management and public administration, the function of control and oversight, (first introduced by Fayol and Taylor and developed by other researchers, is used to deal with mistakes, errors, discrepancies, leakages, and cheating so that the operation of activities achieves the objective in accordance with the original planning. Corruption, collusion, and nepotism is everywhere in Indonesia, in fact, to the point that Indonesia has the distinction being one of the countries with the highest level of corruption. Beginning with this condition, the writer has taken the topic of "The Role of Control and Oversight in Corporate Management" to give attention to this issue and seek an answer to the question of how to handle these functions in a corporation. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pergantian abad XX ke abad XXI di Indonesia ditandai peristiwa-peristiwa besar dalam bidang ekonomi yang semakin terpuruk dan peristiwa-peristiwa besar di bidang politik dalam rangka reformasi sebagai upaya mewujudkan cita-cita pemerintahan menjadi bersih, berwibawa, demokratis bebas dari korupsi, kolusi dan nepotisme (KKN dalam rangka mencapai masyarakat adil dan makmur berdasarkan Pancasila dan Undang-undang Dasar 1945. Dalam manajemen, baik manajemen bisnis maupun manajemen publik sejak awal diperkenalkan oleh dua tokoh manajemen terkenal yaitu Fayol dan Taylor yang kemudian disusul ilmuwan lain bahwa fungsi pengawasan diharapkan mampu mengatasi adanya kesalahan, penyimpangan, penyelewengan, kebocoran, cacat, kecurangan dan sebagainya sehingga

  15. Method for converting uranium oxides to uranium metal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerksen, Walter K.

    1988-01-01

    A process is described for converting scrap and waste uranium oxide to uranium metal. The uranium oxide is sequentially reduced with a suitable reducing agent to a mixture of uranium metal and oxide products. The uranium metal is then converted to uranium hydride and the uranium hydride-containing mixture is then cooled to a temperature less than -100.degree. C. in an inert liquid which renders the uranium hydride ferromagnetic. The uranium hydride is then magnetically separated from the cooled mixture. The separated uranium hydride is readily converted to uranium metal by heating in an inert atmosphere. This process is environmentally acceptable and eliminates the use of hydrogen fluoride as well as the explosive conditions encountered in the previously employed bomb-reduction processes utilized for converting uranium oxides to uranium metal.

  16. Uranium speciation in plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guenther, A.; Bernhard, G.; Geipel, G.; Reich, T.; Rossberg, A.; Nitsche, H.

    2003-01-01

    Detailed knowledge of the nature of uranium complexes formed after the uptake by plants is an essential prerequisite to describe the migration behavior of uranium in the environment. This study focuses on the determination of uranium speciation after uptake of uranium by lupine plants. For the first time, time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy were used to determine the chemical speciation of uranium in plants. Differences were detected between the uranium speciation in the initial solution (hydroponic solution and pore water of soil) and inside the lupine plants. The oxidation state of uranium did not change and remained hexavalent after it was taken up by the lupine plants. The chemical speciation of uranium was identical in the roots, shoot axis, and leaves and was independent of the uranium speciation in the uptake solution. The results indicate that the uranium is predominantly bound as uranyl(VI) phosphate to the phosphoryl groups. Dandelions and lamb's lettuce showed uranium speciation identical to lupine plants. (orig.)

  17. Konsistensi Pemahaman Konsep Kecepatan dalam Berbagai Representasi

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    Muhammad Reyza Arief Taqwa

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pemahaman konsep dan konsistensi mahasiswa dalam menggunakan konsep saat menyelesaikan soal fisika pada topik kecepatan dalam berbagai format representasi. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan 4 soal pilihan ganda beralasan dalam format representasi berbeda. Penelitian dilakukan pada 26 mahasiswa S1 pendidikan fisika dan 22 mahasiswa S1 fisika tahun pertama di Universitas Negeri Malang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemahaman konsep kecepatan masih tergolong rendah yang ditandai dengan rata-rata skor mahasiswa hanya mencapai 43,49. Selain itu, alasan yang diberikan mahasiswa menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa tidak konsisten dalam mendefinisikan kecepatan karena pemahaman yang belum utuh. Beberapa kekeliruan mahasiswa diantaranya: (1 kecepatan adalah posisi per satuan waktu tempuh, (2, (3 tanpa memahami bahwa persamaan tersebut hanya benar jika percepatan konstan, (4, dan (5 tidak memperhatikan tanda (+/- pada kecepatan. This study aims to look at the student's conceptual understanding and the students’ consistency in used concept when them solved the physics problems in velocity with variety of representation formats. There are 4 MCQs reasoned in a different format representations to achieve these goals. The study was conducted on 26 S1 physical education students and 22 S1 physics students in first year. The results showed that the students’ conceptual understanding is still relatively low which is characterized by an average score of students reached only 43.49. Moreover, the reason given students showed that students are still not consistent in defining velocity due to knowledge in pieces. Some students’ mistakes are: (1 Velocity is the position per unit of time, (2, (3 without understanding that this equation is only true if the acceleration is constant, (4, and (5 do not pay attention to the sign (+/- on velocity.

  18. PENERAPAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN KOPERASIAGRIBISNIS BERORIENTASI BISNIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gema Wibawa Mukti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah memberikan pemahaman kepada stakeholder koperasi agribisnis mengenai pentingnya penerapan kewirausahaan dalam manajemen dan pengembangan usaha koperasi. Lokasi Penelitian ditentukan secara purposive, yaitu di Koperasi Mitra Tani Parahyangan. Analisis yang digunakan adalah kualitatif, untuk mengetahui gambaran detail dan mendalam tentang penerapan kewirausahaan dalam koperasi Mitra Tani Parahyangan.Jiwa Kewirausahaan menjadi suatu hal yang harus dimiliki oleh pelaku bisnis pertanian (Agribisnis, Sifat dan watak seorang agripreneurship adalah memiliki kemauan keras, berani mengambil risiko, jeli dalam melihat peluang usaha yang memiliki prospek yang cerah, senantiasa memperkuat jaringan usaha, memiliki semangat untuk selalu meningkatkan kualitas produk bagi kepuasan konsumen, memiliki cara pandang positif terhadap suatu keadaan dan memiliki sifat kepemimpinan.Koperasi Mitra Tani Parahyangan memiliki Unit Usaha Otonom Hortikultura, Tanaman Pangan, Simpan Pinjam dan Sarana Produksi. Dalam aspek pelayanannya, koperasi Mitra Tani Parahyangan memberikan pelayanan dalam hal on farm, penyediaan sarana produksi (hulu, Pasca panen dan pemasaran (hilir dan juga penunjang. ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to provide insight to stakeholders about the application of cooperative-preneurship in the cooperative management. Research location determined purposively. This study was conducted using a qualitative approach  with a  case study techniques, to find out the details and in-depth overview of the application of entrepreneurship within the cooperative Mitra Tani Parahyangan .Entrepreneurship becomes a thing to be possessed by agricultural business , The nature and character of a agripreneurship is risk-taking , keen in seeing a business opportunity that has a promising future , constantly strengthen business networks , have a passion for always improve product quality for customer satisfaction , have a positive outlook on

  19. PERAWATAN BANGUNAN SEKOLAH DALAM MANAJEMEN BERBASIS SEKOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutrisno Sutrisno

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available School building with minimum maintenance will suffer in destruction quickly. When a small destruction is not repaired immediately then it will go badly. The teaching-learning process will be interupted and at the worse situation it can threath the safety. This article is objected to find the effective model of building maintenance using school based management. The results show that (1 the head of school should pro-active in the school building maintenance efforts; (2 the head of schools can co-operate with school commitee, communities, and local government in financial support; (3 the head of school can use the cleaning service staffs to handle the building maintenance; (4 evaluation can be divided into input, process, control, and output of the organisation; (5 the maintenance activities program can be wooden/concrete/steel structure repair, wall, door/windows, ceiling, electric/water/ drainage instalation, septictank; and (6 in conducting the his duty, the head of school is responsible to the school commitee, government, and public. Bangunan sekolah yang kurang diperhatikan akan segera mengalami ke­rusak­an. Bila kerusakan kecil tidak segera ditangani, maka kerusakan menjadi makin parah. Belajar-mengajar dapat tertanggu bahkan dapat membahayakan keselamatan jiwa murid. Artikel ini bermaksud mendapatkan model perawatan bangunan sekolah yang efektif dalam manajemen berbasis sekolah. Hasil pembahasan (1 kepala se­kolah perlu proaktif dalam upaya perawatan bangunan sekolah; (2 dalam hal pen­danaan, kepala sekolah dapat bekerja sama dengan komite sekolah, masyarakat, dan pemerintah daerah; (3 kepala sekolah dapat memanfaatkan tenaga kebersihan sebagai pelaksana perawat bangunan; (4 sebagai evaluasi, organisasi dapat dibagi dalam input, proses, kontrol, dan output; (5 program kegiatan perawatan dapat berupa perbaikan struktur kayu/beton/baja, dinding, pintu/jendela, plafon, jaringan listrik/air bersih/drainase, septictank; dan (6 dalam

  20. 31 CFR 540.317 - Uranium feed; natural uranium feed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Uranium feed; natural uranium feed... (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM (HEU) AGREEMENT ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS General Definitions § 540.317 Uranium feed; natural uranium feed. The...

  1. PENGGUNAAN ZAT ADITIF RAMSOL DALAM MENINGKATKAN MUTU GARAM RAKYAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahfud Efendy

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Garam merupakan benda yang sangat dibutuhkan oleh manusia dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Dalam pembuatannya metode tradisional belum mampu untuk memenuhi kebutuhan garam nasional non industri. Oleh karena itu adanya pengembangan teknologi yang tepatguna, efektif, efisien, serta ramah lingkungan mutlak diperlukan dalam membantu proses pembuatan garam. Adapun tujuan penelitiannya yakni  untuk mendapatkan teknik/metode yang tepat dalam mengaplikasikan zat aditif (ramsol yang telah beredar di masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan zat aditif (ramsol produksi PT. Sumber Alam Niagamas Indramayu Jawa Barat dan air tua (20oBe dengan perlakuan: tanpa zat aditif (kontrol (R0; metode Indramayu (R1 dan metode Madura (R2 yang dilakukan pada rumah demplot beralas terpal plastik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa zat aditif garam (ramsol memiliki pengaruh dalam proses pembentukan kristal garam. Kualitas (bau, rasa, warna garam yang dihasilkan secara visual lebih bagus. Metode madura (colok merupakan teknik terbaik dalam menghasilkan garam Kata kunci: zat aditif, ramsol, mutu, garam rakyat

  2. Analisis Isi Trend Report Dalam Majalah Elle Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    P.A, Emanuella

    2014-01-01

    Jurnalisme fashion yang terutama didefinisikan sebagai komunikasi informasi fashion dengan menggunakan berbagai cara baik melalui reportase tren terkait atau komentar subjektif. Untuk mengetahui perkembangan trend report dalam majalah fashion, menurut Turner dan Orange (2013, p.88) terdapat tujuh indikator yang masuk dalam trend report yaitu fabric, color, pattern, silhouette, parts of the body, past era, dan particular aesthetic. Untuk melihat apa saja trend report dalam majalah fashion pen...

  3. Gaya Kepemimpinan Orang Buddha Maitreya dalam Bisnis Keluarga

    OpenAIRE

    Josowanto, Selvie

    2014-01-01

    -Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gaya kepemimpinan yang digunakan oleh orang Buddha Maitreya dalam bisnis keluarganya hingga dapat sukses dalam era bisnis, karena mayoritas orang Buddha Maitreya sukses dalam berbisnis. Jenis penelitian ini kualitatif, dengan menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data yaitu wawancara dan observasi pada pemimpin dari USAha berskala menengah dan berskala besar yang merupakan bisnis keluarga, dengan latar belakang agama Buddha Maitreya. Untuk menguji validitas...

  4. Pendidikan Karakter: Konsep dan Aktualisasinya dalam Sistem Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mudlofir

    2016-03-01

    sehingga mampu menepis dan membendung krisis multidimensi menuju terbentuknya pribadi yang berakhlak mulia. Karakter harus diaktualisasikan dalam sistem pendidikan sehingga terbentuk manusia yang berbudi luhur.

  5. Karakteristik Himpunan Kritis dalam Pelabelan TSA pada Graf Pohon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triyani Triyani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Sebuah himpunan kritis dalam pelabelan Total Sisi Ajaib (TSA,  pada graf G adalah subhimpunan label sedemikian sehingga label tersebut membangun pelabelan TSA secara tunggal. Konsep himpunan kritis pada pelabelan graf ini merupakan pengembangan teori dari himpunan kritis dalam bujur sangkar latin yang dikemukakan oleh Cooper dkk (1994. Artikel ini bertujuan menginvestigasi karakteristik himpunan kritis dalam pelabelan TSA pada graf pohon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jika G adalah graf pohon, maka himpunan kritis dengan ukuran minimal dalam pelabelan TSA pada G sama dengan banyaknya daun di G. Kata Kunci : himpunan kritis minimal, pelabelan TSA, graf TSA

  6. Strategic Family Therapy untuk Memperbaiki Komunikasi dalam Keluarga di Nganjuk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Utami

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Subjek dalam studi kasus ini adalah anggota keluarga terdiri dari ibu (52 tahun, Anak laki-laki (35 tahun, Anak perempuan (30 tahun, menantu (32 tahun dan cucu (4 tahun.  Metode assesment yang digunakan adalah wawancara, observasi dan skala pengukuran. Hasil asesmen menunjukkan bahwa keluarga mengalami kegagalan dalam pola komunikasi, interaksi dalamkeluarga kaku dan saling menutup diri. Intervensi yang digunakan adalah strategic family therapy dalam enam sesi, yang bertujuan untuk mengubah komunikasi antar anggota keluarga. Hasil intervensi menunjukkan bahwa masing-masing anggota keluarga menjadi lebih terbuka dan tidak ada lagi salah paham antar anggota serta ada kerjasama dalam melaksanakan tanggungjawab terkait pekerjaan rumah tangga

  7. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM BAGI KONSUMEN DALAM TRANSAKSI E-COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dianne Eka Rusmawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Mengetahui dan memahami mengenai perlindungan hukum bagi konsumen dalam transaksi e-commerce adalah tujuan yang hendak dicapai. Berdasarkan pendekatan normatif, perlindungan hokum bagi konsumen dalam transaksi e-commerce dapat dilihat berdasarkan proses transaksinya, yaitu Proses transaksi menggunakan media on-line secara keseluruhan atau proses transaksinya saja yang menggunakan media on-line tapi pembayarannya dilakukan secara manual. Bentuk Perlindungan hukum bagi konsumen dalam transaksi e-commerce diatur dalam ketentuan Pasal 4 huruf b dan c UUPK dan Ps 2 serta Pasal 9 UUITE.Kata Kunci: perlindungan hukum, konsumen, e-commerce

  8. PENERAPAN MATERIAL KACA DALAM ARSITEKTUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lestari .

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Kaca telah dikenal sejak ribuan tahun dan merupakan bahan buatan manusia yang cukup tua. Penggunaannya sebagai bahan bangunan meluas sejak abad ke 17 terutama setelah perang dunia kedua.  Arsitektur kaca menjadi suatu kecenderungan dari desain-desain bangunan di dunia sejak abad ke-20. Material ini dianggap sangat relevan dengan konsep-konsep yang ada. Kaca digunakan sebagai material ornamen, bukaan atau jendela, material kulit  bangunan,  sampai pada material struktur  bangunan. Sifat kaca yang transparan,  simple, dan bersih menjadikan material ini menguntungkan untuk mendukung konsep yang digunakan. Tulisan ini memaparkan penggunaan kaca sebagai bahan bangunan, baik sebagai bahan ornamen, kulit bangunan atau struktur bangunan, maupun sebagai pendukung konsep arsitektur khususnya konsep transparansi. Dipaparkan pula mengenai sifat-sifat teknis dari bahan kaca sebagai pertimbangan dalam pemilihan bahan bangunan.   Glass has been known for thousands of years and is a man made material  that is quite old. Extends its use as building material since the 17 century, especially after the second world war. Glass architecture become a trend of buiding designs in the world since 20th century. This material relevant to the existing concepts. Glass is used as an ornament material, window, the building skin materials, and the building structure materials. Glass  properties that transparent, simple and clean make this material support the concepts used. This paper describes the use of glass as a building material, either as a ornament, the building skins, the building structures, and the building concepts expecially transparency concept. This paper also present the technical properties of glass as a building material REFERENCES Garg, N.K . 2007. Guidelines for Use of Glass in Building. New age international publisher. New Delhi Piano, R. 1997. The Renzo Piano Logbook. The Monacelli Press. London Staib, Schittich. 1999. Glass Construction

  9. Uranium of Kazakhstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsalyuk, Yu.; Gurevich, D.

    2000-01-01

    Over 25 % of the world's uranium reserves are concentrated in Kazakhstan. So, the world's largest Shu-Sarysu uranium province is situated on southern Kazakhstan, with resources exceeding 1 billion tonnes of uranium. No less, than 3 unique deposits with resources exceeding 100,000 tonnes are situated here. From the economic point of view the most important thing is that these deposits are suitable for in-situ leaching, which is the cheapest, environmentally friendly and most efficient method available for uranium extracting. In 1997 the Kazatomprom National Joint-Stock Company united all Kazakhstan's uranium enterprises (3 mine and concentrating plants, Volkovgeologiya Joint-Stock Company and the Ulbinskij Metallurgical plant). In 1998 uranium production came to 1,500 tonnes (860 kg in 1997). In 1999 investment to the industry were about $ 30 million. Plans for development of Kazakhstan's uranium industry provide a significant role for foreign partners. At present, 2 large companies (Comeco (Canada), Cogema (France) working in Kazakhstan. Kazakatomprom continues to attract foreign investors. The company's administration announced that in that in next year they have plan to make a radical step: to sell 67 % of stocks to strategic investors (at present 100 % of stocks belongs to state). Authors of the article regard, that the Kazakhstan's uranium industry still has significant reserves to develop. Even if the scenario for the uranium industry could be unfavorable, uranium production in Kazakhstan may triple within the next three to four years. The processing of uranium by the Ulbinskij Metallurgical Plant and the production of some by-products, such as rhenium, vanadium and rare-earth elements, may provide more profits. Obviously, the sale of uranium (as well as of any other reserves) cannot make Kazakhstan a prosperous country. However, country's uranium industry has a god chance to become one of the most important and advanced sectors of national economy

  10. STRATEGI PROMOSI SURAT KABAR DALAM MENINGKATKAN PENJUALAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IRENA WULAN TYASMARA1

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the strategy for the promotion of a daily newspaper Media Indonesia are being made to increase sales in 2015. The aim of this study is to investigate and provide an overview of: promotion strategy Media Indonesia daily newspaper in increasing sales in 2015.In this study, the author uses the theory advanced by According to Philip Kotler and Gary Armstrong in his book marketing basics Volume I & II in which a promotional strategy there are things that include marketing communication, marketing mix, SWOT analysis, STP, promotion strategy , the purpose of promotion, promotion strategy planning, implementation of promotional strategies, elements of the promotional mix, sales promotion.The method used was the case study method and descriptive qualitative approach. Data collection techniques used through in-depth interviews and observation. The author presents an overview and description of the promotional strategy as it is obtained from the company.This study uses the planning and implementation process in conducting sales promotion strategies. Where in the promotion strategy planning, the first step is done by doing a SWOT analysis and competitor analysis and analyze STP from Media Indonesia. Later in the implementation of promotional strategies, sales promotion program is the most prioritized Media Indonesia in increasing sales in 2015 Studi ini mengkaji strategi untuk mempromosikan sebuah surat kabar harian Media Indonesia yang sedang dilakukan untuk meningkatkan penjualan pada tahun 2015. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan memberikan gambaran umum tentang: strategi promosi surat kabar harian Media Indonesia dalam meningkatkan penjualan di tahun 2015.In Penelitian ini, penulis menggunakan teori yang dikemukakan oleh Menurut Philip Kotler dan Gary Armstrong dalam buku dasar pemasarannya Volume I & II dimana strategi promosi ada hal-hal yang meliputi komunikasi pemasaran, bauran pemasaran, analisis SWOT, STP

  11. PERAN KECERDASAN SPIRITUAL DALAM PENCAPAIAN KEBERMAKNAAN HIDUP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Laili Khoirun Nida

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Kehendak untuk maksud kehidupan adalah motivasi fundamental hadir dalam setiap individu. Pemenuhan kebutuhan ini berpunca dari tiga nilai-nilai  which termasuk: nilai- nilai  kreatif,  nilai- nilai experiental, dan nilai-nilai sikap. Sumber makna nilai-nilai hidup akan actualized dengan bantuan peran kualitas spiritual yang berpotensi hadir dalam setiap individu sebagai quetion shape spiritual. Dengan mengadopsi  logoanalisis dasar teoretis dikembangkan oleh Victor E.  Frankl  dalam metode terapis meaningfulness  kehidupan, di  mana  Frankl  percaya bahwa semua aspek-aspek  arti hidup menyimpan.  Arti hidup untuk dapat dicapai akan diwujudkan dengan bantuan quetion rohani yang melekat pada setiap individu. Justru itu, quetion rohani berkontribusi terhadap pencapaian meaningfulness  kehidupan, dalam peran yang dia dapat menjadi media, control dan petunjuk bagi individu dalam dinamika kehidupan, sehingga masing- masing dalam keadaan apa pun dengan tetap menjaga kualitas keberadaan manusia sebagai intelektual, emosi dan rohani agar ia dapat mencapai maksud kehidupan.   Kata Kunci: Peran, Kecerdasan Spiritual, Kebermaknaan  Hidup THE ROLE OF THE SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE ACHIEVEMENT OF MEANINGFULLNESS. The will to meaning of life is the fundamental  motivation  present in every individual. The fulfillment of these need system from the three valueswhich include: the creative values, experiental values, and attitudinal  values. The source of the meaning of life values that will be actualized with the help of the role of spiritual qualities that are potentially present in every individual as a shaper of spiritual quetion. By adopting the theoretical basic logo analysis developed by Victor E. Franklin therapeutic methods meaning fulness of life, where Frankl  believes that all aspects of the meaning of life saving. Meaning of life to be achieved will be realized with the help of spiritual quetion inherent in each individual. Thus

  12. Titrimetric determination of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Florence, T.M.

    1989-01-01

    Titrimetric methods are almost invariably used for the high precision assay of uranium compounds, because gravimetric methods are nonselective, and not as reliable. Although precipitation titrations have been used, for example with cupferron and ferrocyanide, and chelate titrations with EDTA and oxine give reasonable results, in practice only redox titrations find routine use. With all redox titration methods for uranium a precision of 01 to 02 percent can be achieved, and precisions as high as 0.003 percent have been claimed for the more refined techniques. There are two types of redox titrations for uranium in common use. The first involves the direct titration of uranium (VI) to uranium (IV) with a standard solution of a strong reductant, such as chromous chloride or titanous chloride, and the second requires a preliminary reduction of uranium to the (IV) or (III) state, followed by titration back to the (VI) state with a standard oxidant. Both types of redox titrations are discussed. 4 figs

  13. Politics of Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1982-01-01

    Uranium is the most political of all the elements, the material for the production of both the large amounts of electricity and the most destructive weapons in the world. The problems that its dual potential creates are only now beginning to become evident. Author Norman Moss looks at this situation and sheds light on many of the questions that emerge. The nuclear issue always comes back to how much uranium there is, what can be done with it, and which countries have it. Starting with a concise history of uranium and explaining its technology in terms the nonspecialist can understand, The Politics of Uranium considers the political issues that technical arguments obscure. It tells the little-known story of the international uranium cartel, explains the entanglements of governments with the uranium trade, and describes the consequences of wrong decisions and blunders-especially the problems of nuclear waste. It also examines the intellectual and emotional roots of the anti-nuclear movement

  14. Uranium resources and supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cameron, J.

    1973-01-01

    The future supply of uranium has to be considered against a background of forecasts of uranium demand over the next decades which show increases of a spectacular nature. It is not necessary to detail these forecasts, they are well known. A world survey by the Joint NEA/IAEA Working Party on 'Uranium Resources, Production and Demand', completed this summer, indicates that from a present production level of just over 19,000 tonnes uranium per year, the demand will rise to the equivalent of an annual production requirement of 50,000 tonnes uranium by 1980, 100,000 by 1985 and 180,000 by 1990. Few, if any, mineral production industries have been called upon to plan for a near tenfold increase in production in a space of about 15 years as these forecasts imply. This might possibly mean that, perhaps, ten times the present number of uranium mines will have to be planned and engineered by 1990

  15. How much uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kenward, M.

    1976-01-01

    Comment is made on the latest of a series of reports on world uranium resources from the OECD's Nuclear Energy Agency and the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (Uranium resources, production and demand (including other nuclear fuel cycle data), published by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris). The report categories uranium reserves by their recovery cost and looks at power demand and the whole of the nuclear fuel cycle, including uranium enrichment and spent fuel reprocessing. The effect that fluctuations in uranium prices have had on exploration for new uranium resources is considered. It is stated that increased exploration is essential considering the long lead times involved but that thanks to today's higher prices there are distinct signs that prospecting activities are increasing again. (U.K.)

  16. Uranium Mill Tailings Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nelson, J.D.

    1982-01-01

    This book presents the papers given at the Fifth Symposium on Uranium Mill Tailings Management. Advances made with regard to uranium mill tailings management, environmental effects, regulations, and reclamation are reviewed. Topics considered include tailings management and design (e.g., the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project, environmental standards for uranium mill tailings disposal), surface stabilization (e.g., the long-term stability of tailings, long-term rock durability), radiological aspects (e.g. the radioactive composition of airborne particulates), contaminant migration (e.g., chemical transport beneath a uranium mill tailings pile, the interaction of acidic leachate with soils), radon control and covers (e.g., radon emanation characteristics, designing surface covers for inactive uranium mill tailings), and seepage and liners (e.g., hydrologic observations, liner requirements)

  17. Geochemical exploration for uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-01-01

    This Technical Report is designed mainly to introduce the methods and techniques of uranium geochemical exploration to exploration geologists who may not have had experience with geochemical exploration methods in their uranium programmes. The methods presented have been widely used in the uranium exploration industry for more than two decades. The intention has not been to produce an exhaustive, detailed manual, although detailed instructions are given for a field and laboratory data recording scheme and a satisfactory analytical method for the geochemical determination of uranium. Rather, the intention has been to introduce the concepts and methods of uranium exploration geochemistry in sufficient detail to guide the user in their effective use. Readers are advised to consult general references on geochemical exploration to increase their understanding of geochemical techniques for uranium

  18. Classification of Uranium deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dahlkamp, F.J.

    1978-01-01

    A listing of the recognized types of uranium mineralization shows nineteen determinable types out of which only six can be classified as of economic significance at present: Oligomiitic quartz pebble conglomerates, sandstone types, calcretes, intra-intrusive types, hydrothermal veins, veinlike types. The different types can be genetically related to prevalent geological environments, i.e. 1. the primary uranium occurrences formed by endogenic processes, 2. the secondary derived from the primary by subsequent exogenic processes, 3. the tertiary occurrences are assumed to be formed by endogenic metamorphic processes, although little is known about the behaviour of the uranium during the metamorphosis and therefore the metallogenesis of this tertiary uranium generation is still vague. A metallotectonic-geochronologic correlation of the uranium deposits shows a distinct affinity of the uranium to certain geological epochs: The Upper Archean, Lower Proterozoic, the Hercynian and, in a less established stage, the Upper Proterozoic. (orig.) 891 HP/orig. 892 MKO [de

  19. Uranium Newsletter. No. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-03-01

    The new Uranium Newsletter is presented as an IAEA annual newsletter. The organization of the IAEA and its involvement with uranium since its founding in 1957 is described. The ''Red Book'' (Uranium Resources, Production and Demand) is mentioned. The Technical Assistance Programme of the IAEA in this field is also briefly mentioned. The contents also include information on the following meetings: The Technical Committee Meeting on Uranium Deposits in Magmatic and Metamorphic Rocks, Advisory Group Meeting on the Use of Airborne Radiometric Data, and the Technical Committee Meeting on Metallogenesis. Recent publications are listed. Current research contracts in uranium exploration are mentioned. IAEA publications on uranium (in press) are listed also. Country reports from the following countries are included: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China (People's Republic of), Denmark, Finland, Germany (Federal Republic of), Malaysia, Philippines, Portugal, South Africa (Republic of), Spain, Syrian Arab Republic, United Kingdom, United States of America, Zambia, and Greece. There is also a report from the Commission of European Communities

  20. Uranium purchases report 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    Data reported by domestic nuclear utility companies in their responses to the 1991 and 1992 ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey,'' Form EIA-858, Schedule B ''Uranium Marketing Activities,are provided in response to the requirements in the Energy Policy Act 1992. Data on utility uranium purchases and imports are shown on Table 1. Utility enrichment feed deliveries and secondary market acquisitions of uranium equivalent of US DOE separative work units are shown on Table 2. Appendix A contains a listing of firms that sold uranium to US utilities during 1992 under new domestic purchase contracts. Appendix B contains a similar listing of firms that sold uranium to US utilities during 1992 under new import purchase contracts. Appendix C contains an explanation of Form EIA-858 survey methodologies with emphasis on the processing of Schedule B data

  1. Process for continuous production of metallic uranium and uranium alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, Jr., Howard W.; Horton, James A.; Elliott, Guy R. B.

    1995-01-01

    A method is described for forming metallic uranium, or a uranium alloy, from uranium oxide in a manner which substantially eliminates the formation of uranium-containing wastes. A source of uranium dioxide is first provided, for example, by reducing uranium trioxide (UO.sub.3), or any other substantially stable uranium oxide, to form the uranium dioxide (UO.sub.2). This uranium dioxide is then chlorinated to form uranium tetrachloride (UCl.sub.4), and the uranium tetrachloride is then reduced to metallic uranium by reacting the uranium chloride with a metal which will form the chloride of the metal. This last step may be carried out in the presence of another metal capable of forming one or more alloys with metallic uranium to thereby lower the melting point of the reduced uranium product. The metal chloride formed during the uranium tetrachloride reduction step may then be reduced in an electrolysis cell to recover and recycle the metal back to the uranium tetrachloride reduction operation and the chlorine gas back to the uranium dioxide chlorination operation.

  2. Process for continuous production of metallic uranium and uranium alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, H.W. Jr.; Horton, J.A.; Elliott, G.R.B.

    1995-06-06

    A method is described for forming metallic uranium, or a uranium alloy, from uranium oxide in a manner which substantially eliminates the formation of uranium-containing wastes. A source of uranium dioxide is first provided, for example, by reducing uranium trioxide (UO{sub 3}), or any other substantially stable uranium oxide, to form the uranium dioxide (UO{sub 2}). This uranium dioxide is then chlorinated to form uranium tetrachloride (UCl{sub 4}), and the uranium tetrachloride is then reduced to metallic uranium by reacting the uranium chloride with a metal which will form the chloride of the metal. This last step may be carried out in the presence of another metal capable of forming one or more alloys with metallic uranium to thereby lower the melting point of the reduced uranium product. The metal chloride formed during the uranium tetrachloride reduction step may then be reduced in an electrolysis cell to recover and recycle the metal back to the uranium tetrachloride reduction operation and the chlorine gas back to the uranium dioxide chlorination operation. 4 figs.

  3. New french uranium mineral species

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Branche, G.; Chervet, J.; Guillemin, C.

    1952-01-01

    In this work, the authors study the french new uranium minerals: parsonsite and renardite, hydrated phosphates of lead and uranium; kasolite: silicate hydrated of uranium and lead uranopilite: sulphate of uranium hydrated; bayleyite: carbonate of uranium and of hydrated magnesium; β uranolite: silicate of uranium and of calcium hydrated. For all these minerals, the authors give the crystallographic, optic characters, and the quantitative chemical analyses. On the other hand, the following species, very rare in the french lodgings, didn't permit to do quantitative analyses. These are: the lanthinite: hydrated uranate oxide; the α uranotile: silicate of uranium and of calcium hydrated; the bassetite: uranium phosphate and of hydrated iron; the hosphuranylite: hydrated uranium phosphate; the becquerelite: hydrated uranium oxide; the curite: oxide of uranium and lead hydrated. Finally, the authors present at the end of this survey a primary mineral: the brannerite, complex of uranium titanate. (author) [fr

  4. Uranium demand. An exploration challenge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roux, A J.A.

    1976-10-01

    The estimated world resources of uranium as well as the estimated consumption of uranium over the next 25 years are briefly discussed. Attention is also given to the prospecting for uranium in South Africa and elsewhere in the world.

  5. Uranium industry annual, 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    This report presents data on US uranium raw materials and marketing activities of the domestic uranium industry. It contains aggregated data reported by US companies on the ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey'' (1988), Form EIA-858, and historical data from prior data collections and other pertinent sources. The report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the independent agency for data collection and analysis with the US Department of Energy

  6. Gold and uranium extraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    James, G.S.; Davidson, R.J.

    1977-01-01

    A process for extracting gold and uranium from an ore containing them both comprising the steps of pulping the finely comminuted ore with a suitable cyanide solution at an alkaline pH, acidifying the pulp for uranium dissolution, adding carbon activated for gold recovery to the pulp at a suitable stage, separating the loaded activated carbon from the pulp, and recovering gold from the activated carbon and uranium from solution

  7. Uranium mine ventilation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Katam, K.; Sudarsono

    1982-01-01

    Uranium mine ventilation system aimed basically to control and decreasing the air radioactivity in mine caused by the radon emanating from uranium ore. The control and decreasing the air ''age'' in mine, with adding the air consumption volume, increasing the air rate consumption, closing the mine-out area; using closed drainage system. Air consumption should be 60m 3 /minute for each 9m 2 uranium ore surfaces with ventilation rate of 15m/minute. (author)

  8. Pine Creek uranium province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bower, M.B.; Needham, R.S.; Page, R.W.; Stuart-Smith, P.G.; Wyborn, L.A.I.

    1985-01-01

    The objective of this project is to help establish a sound geological framework of the Pine Creek region through regional geological, geochemical and geophysical studies. Uranium ore at the Coronation Hill U-Au mine is confined to a wedge of conglomerate in faulted contact with altered volcanics. The uranium, which is classified as epigenetic sandstone type, is derived from a uranium-enriched felsic volcanic source

  9. Chemical thermodynamics of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grenthe, I.; Fuger, J.; Lemire, R.J.; Muller, A.B.; Nguyen-Trung Cregu, C.; Wanner, H.

    1992-01-01

    A comprehensive overview on the chemical thermodynamics of those elements that are of particular importance in the safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal systems is provided. This is the first volume in a series of critical reviews to be published on this subject. The book provides an extensive compilation of chemical thermodynamic data for uranium. A description of procedures for activity corrections and uncertainty estimates is given. A critical discussion of data needed for nuclear waste management assessments, including areas where significant gaps of knowledge exist is presented. A detailed inventory of chemical thermodynamic data for inorganic compounds and complexes of uranium is listed. Data and their uncertainty limits are recommended for 74 aqueous complexes and 199 solid and 31 gaseous compounds containing uranium, and on 52 aqueous and 17 solid auxiliary species containing no uranium. The data are internally consistent and compatible with the CODATA Key Values. The book contains a detailed discussion of procedures used for activity factor corrections in aqueous solution, as well as including methods for making uncertainty estimates. The recommended data have been prepared for use in environmental geochemistry. Containing contributions written by experts the chapters cover various subject areas such a s: oxide and hydroxide compounds and complexes, the uranium nitrides, the solid uranium nitrates and the arsenic-containing uranium compounds, uranates, procedures for consistent estimation of entropies, gaseous and solid uranium halides, gaseous uranium oxides, solid phosphorous-containing uranium compounds, alkali metal uranates, uncertainties, standards and conventions, aqueous complexes, uranium minerals dealing with solubility products and ionic strength corrections. The book is intended for nuclear research establishments and consulting firms dealing with uranium mining and nuclear waste disposal, as well as academic and research institutes

  10. Uranium in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-09-01

    In 1974 the Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources (EMR) established a Uranium Resource Appraisal Group (URAG) within EMR to audit annually Canada's uranium resources for the purpose of implementing the federal government's uranium export policy. A major objective of this policy was to ensure that Canadian uranium supplies would be sufficient to meet the needs of Canada's nuclear power program. As projections of installed nuclear power growth in Canada over the long term have been successively revised downwards (the concern about domestic security of supply is less relevant now than it was 10 years ago) and as Canadian uranium supply capabilities have expanded significantly. Canada has maintained its status as the western world's leading exporter of uranium and has become the world's leading producer. Domestic uranium resource estimates have increased to 551 000 tonnes U recoverable from mineable ore since URAG completed its last formal assessment (1982). In 1984, Canada's five primary uranium producers employed some 5800 people at their mining and milling operations, and produced concentrates containing some 11 170 tU. It is evident from URAG's 1984 assessment that Canada's known uranium resources, recoverable at uranium prices of $150/kg U or less, are more than sufficient to meet the 30-year fuelling requirements of those reactors that are either in opertaion now or committed or expected to be in-service by 1995. A substantial portion of Canada's identified uranium resources, recoverable within the same price range, is thus surplus to Canadian needs and available for export. Sales worth close to $1 billion annually are assured. Uranium exploration expenditures in Canada in 1983 and 1984 were an estimated $41 million and $35 million, respectively, down markedly from the $128 million reported for 1980. Exploration drilling and surface development drilling in 1983 and 1984 were reported to be 153 000 m and 197 000 m, respectively, some 85% of which was in

  11. Menggabungkan Beberapa File Dalam SPSS/PC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahrudji Naseh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada dasamya piranti lunak komputer dapat dibagi ke dalam lima kelompok besar yaitu pengolah kata, spreadsheet database, statistika dan animasi/desktop. Masing-masing mempunyai kelebihan dan kekurangannya. Piranti lunak dBase 111+ yang merupakan piranti lunak paling populer dalam"database", hanya dapat menampung 128 variabel saja. Oleh karenanya pada suatu kuesioner yang besar seperti Susenas (Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional atau SKRT (Survei Kesehatan Rumah Tangga, datanya tidak dapat dijadikan satu "file". Biasanya dipecah menjadi banyak "file", umpamanya fileldbf, file2.dbf dan seterusnya.Masalahnya adalah bagaimana menggabung beberapa variabel yang ada di file1.dbf engan beberapa variabel yang ada di file5.dbf? Tulisan ini mencoba membahas masalah tersebut

  12. Moral Islam dalam Membangkitkan Etos Ekonomi Umat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Rahmat Effendi

    2007-03-01

    Al-Qur’an menganjurkan kita untuk menggunakan sumber kekayaan alam. Al-Qur’an merangsang akal kita, mengarahkannya kepada pandangan dunia yang dikelilingi oleh alam yang diciptakan untuk dimanfaatkan oleh manusia. Al-Qur’an juga menjelaskan bahwa memanfaatkan semua itu terfokus dalam dua hal: Pertama, ilmu atau sains yang berdiri di atas fondasi rasio dan akal budi. Melalui akal budi ini, Allah membedakan manusia dari hewan. Kedua, bekerja; Ilmu tidak bermanfaat kalau tidak dipraktekkan dengan bekerja. Bekerja dibutuhkan bukan hanya sekali waktu, tetapi terus menerus. Bekerja dibutuhkan untuk menghasilkan sesuatu yang terbaik dan untuk mencapai karunia Allah. Bekerja di dalam Islam adalah suatu kewajiban bagi mereka yang mampu. Tidak dibenarkan bagi seorang muslim berpangku tangan dengan alasan “mengkhususkan waktu untuk beribadah” atau bertawakal kepada Allah. Tidak dibenarkan pula bagi seorang muslim bersandar pada bantuan orang lain sedangkan ia memiliki kemampuan.

  13. Etika Produksi Dalam Kerangka Maqashid Syariah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haqiqi Rafsanjani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Produksi merupakan suatu proses untuk menghasilkan barang dan jasa berdasarkan pada ketersediaannya faktor-faktor produksi, untuk memenuhi kebutuhan barang dan jasa dengan memperhatikan nilai keadilan dan kebajikan (maslahah. Produksi juga merupakan usaha manusia untuk memperbaiki tidak hanya kondisi fisik materialnya, tetapi juga moralitas sebagai sarana menuju fallah. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tentang etika produksi dalam kerangka maqashid syariah yang terdiri dari pemeliharaan lima kebutuhan dasar manusia yaitu pemeliharaan terhadap agama, jiwa, akal, keturunan, dan harta. Pendekatan yang di pakai dalam makalah ini yaitu pendekatan maqashid syariah. Tujuan dari aktivitas produksi adalah untuk memberikan maslahah bagi manusia, dimana maslahah dasar bagi manusia terdiri dari lima kebutuhan dasar yang harus dipelihara, diantaranya yaitu; hifdzu ad-dien, hifdzu an-nafs, hifdzu al-‘aql, hifdzu an-nasl, hifdzu al-maal.

  14. Uranium production from phosphates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ketzinel, Z.; Folkman, Y.

    1979-05-01

    According to estimates of the world's uranium consumption, exploitation of most rich sources is expected by the 1980's. Forecasts show that the rate of uranium consumption will increase towards the end of the century. It is therefore desirable to exploit poor sources not yet in use. In the near future, the most reasonable source for developing uranium is phosphate rock. Uranium reserves in phosphates are estimated at a few million tons. Production of uranium from phosphates is as a by-product of phosphate rock processing and phosphoric acid production; it will then be possible to save the costs incurred in crushing and dissolving the rock when calculating uranium production costs. Estimates show that the U.S. wastes about 3,000 tons of uranium per annum in phosphoric acid based fertilisers. Studies have also been carried out in France, Yugoslavia and India. In Israel, during the 1950's, a small plant was operated in Haifa by 'Chemical and Phosphates'. Uranium processes have also been developed by linking with the extraction processes at Arad. Currently there is almost no activity on this subject because there are no large phosphoric acid plants which would enable production to take place on a reasonable scale. Discussions are taking place about the installation of a plant for phosphoric acid production utilising the 'wet process', producing 200 to 250,000 tons P 2 O 5 per annum. It is necessary to combine these facilities with uranium production plant. (author)

  15. Phospholyl-uranium complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gradoz, Philippe

    1993-01-01

    After having reported a bibliographical study on penta-methylcyclopentadienyl uranium complexes, and a description of the synthesis and radioactivity of uranium (III) and (IV) boron hydrides compounds, this research thesis reports the study of mono and bis-tetramethyl-phospholyl uranium complexes comprising chloride, boron hydride, alkyl and alkoxide ligands. The third part reports the comparison of structures, stabilities and reactions of homologue complexes in penta-methylcyclopentadienyl and tetramethyl-phospholyl series. The last part addresses the synthesis of tris-phospholyl uranium (III) and (IV) complexes. [fr

  16. International trade in uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two reports are presented; one has been prepared by the Uranium Institute and is submitted by the United Kingdom delegation, the other by the United States delegation. The report of the Uranium Institute deals with the influence of the government on international trade in uranium. This influence becomes apparent predominantly by export and import restrictions, as well as by price controls. The contribution submitted by the United States is a uranium market trend analysis, with pricing methods and contracting modes as well as the effect of government policies being investigated in the light of recent developments

  17. Uranium concentration in fossils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Okano, J.; Uyeda, C.

    1988-01-01

    Recently it is known that fossil bones tend to accumulate uranium. The uranium concentration, C u in fossils has been measured so far by γ ray spectroscopy or by fission track method. The authors applied secondary ion mass spectrometry, SIMS, to detect the uranium in fossil samples. The purpose of this work is to investigate the possibility of semi-quantitative analyses of uranium in fossils, and to study the correlation between C u and the age of fossil bones. The further purpose of this work is to apply SIMS to measure the distribution of C u in fossil teeth

  18. METHOD OF ROLLING URANIUM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, C.S.

    1959-08-01

    A method is described for rolling uranium metal at relatively low temperatures and under non-oxidizing conditions. The method involves the steps of heating the uranium to 200 deg C in an oil bath, withdrawing the uranium and permitting the oil to drain so that only a thin protective coating remains and rolling the oil coated uranium at a temperature of 200 deg C to give about a 15% reduction in thickness at each pass. The operation may be repeated to accomplish about a 90% reduction without edge cracking, checking or any appreciable increase in brittleness.

  19. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL COMPREHENSIVE MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION (CMI) DALAM MEMBANGUN KEMAMPUAN MATHEMATICAL THINKING SISWA

    OpenAIRE

    Nita Delima; Rozi Fitriza

    2017-01-01

    Kesetaraan dalam pendidikan merupakan elemen penting dari beberapa standar visi NCTM dalam pendidikan matematika. Kesetaraan yang dimaksud, tidak berarti bahwa setiap siswa harus menerima pembelajaran yang identik dari guru; sebaliknya, menuntut sebuah pembelajaran yang mengakomodasi sebuah akses dalam mencapai kemampuan setiap siswa. Selain itu, NCTM juga mengemukakan bahwa dalam pembelajaran matematika terdapat lima standar proses yang harus terpenuhi, yakni problem solving, reasoning and p...

  20. Representasi Persahabatan dalam Film 5 Cm

    OpenAIRE

    Handayani, Intan Murni; Lukmantoro, Triyono; Naryoso, Agus

    2013-01-01

    Representasi Persahabatan dalam Film 5 cmSkripsiDisusun untuk memenuhi persyaratan menyelesaikanPendidikan Strata-1Jurusan IlmumKomunikasi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu PolitikUniversitas DiponegoroPenyusunNama: Intan Murni HandayaniNIM: D2C 009 034JURUSAN ILMU KOMUNIKASIFAKULTAS ILMU SOSIAL DAN ILMU POLITIKUNIVERSITAS DIPONEGOROSEMARANG2013ABSTRAKSIFilm merupakan salah satu media massa yang menjadi wadah bagi parapembuat film untuk menyampaikan pesan serta nilai-nilai yang dimiliki olehpara ...

  1. Pertukaran Otomatis dalam Informasi: Perspektif Ekonomi Politik

    OpenAIRE

    Akmam, Sidharta

    2018-01-01

    Singapura merupakan mitra dagang dan investasi utama bagi Indonesia. Kedua negarasaling membutuhkan terlepas dari pasang surutnya hubungan keduanya. Hal yang seringdisoroti pemerintah Indonesia adalah harta milik warga negara Indonesia yang disimpan diSingapura dan diperkirakan mencapai 60% dari seluruh kekayaan warga Indonesia di luarnegeri. Hal ini menjadi semakin penting karena ada kebutuhan dana dalam jumlah besaruntuk menunjang pembangunan infrastruktur. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk...

  2. Medan Makna Aktivitas Memasak Dalam Bahasa Perancis

    OpenAIRE

    Harianja, Nurilam

    2010-01-01

    This thesis, entitled ”Medan Makna Aktivitas Memasak dalam Bahasa Perancis. discusses the meaning of lexemes in cooking activities. The objects of this study are the lexemes used in cooking activities. Those lexemes are provided in French- Indonesian dictionaries and also grouped as culinary vocabularies. The research is aimed not only determining the French lexemes in the cooking activities, but also finding the relations among the lexemes and formulating the semantical classification of Fre...

  3. Al-quran dalam Perspektif Budaya

    OpenAIRE

    Sudrajat, Ajat

    2009-01-01

    Al-Quran merupakan kitab suci terakhir yang diturunkan kepada manusia. Tujuan utama diturunkannya al-Quran adalah sebagai kitab petunjuk yang meliputi bidang akidah, syariah, dan akhlak. Akan tetapi di luar ketiga petunjuk tersebut, al-Quran telah memberikan motivasi dan inspirasi kepada umat Islam dalam berbagai bidang kehidupan sehingga melahirkan jenis budaya tertentu. Dialog intelektual yang dilakukan secara kreatif oleh umat Islam terhadap al-Quran ternyata telah menghasilkan lahirnya ge...

  4. Lgbt Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia

    OpenAIRE

    SANTOSO, MEILANNY BUDIARTI

    2016-01-01

    Resolusi tentang pengakuan atas hak-hak LGBT adalah resolusi PBB yang pertama yang secara spesifik mengangkat isu pelanggaran HAM berdasarkan orientasi seksual dan identitas gender. Resolusi tentang pengakuan atas hak-hak LGBT inilah yang dijadikan sebagai landasan tuntutan bagi kaum LGBT dalam menuntut hak-hak mereka dengan mengatasnamakan hak asasi manusia. Namun demikian, di Indonesia, tentunya berbicara mengenai penegakkan hak asasi manusia, khususnya yang diperjuangkan oleh komunitas LGB...

  5. TEORI INTERNASIONALISME DALAM SISTEM HUKUM NASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ninon Melatyugra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Konstitusi suatu negara memegang peran penting dalam menjelaskan posisi hukum internasional dalam sistem hukum nasional. The South African Constitution adalah salah satu contoh konstitusi yang menjabarkan secara eksplisit mengenai kedudukan hukum internasional sehingga mempreskripsi pengadilan untuk menggunakan hukum internasional secara langsung dalam wilayah domestik. Masalah muncul bagi negara yang tidak memiliki ketentuan eksplisit dalam konstitusi, seperti Indonesia, namun praktiknya terdapat penggunaan hukum internasional oleh agen negaranya. Artikel ini menawarkan teori internasionalisme untuk memberi dasar legitimasi bagi negara yang ingin patuh terhadap hukum internasional di saat konstitusi tidak memiliki ketentuan eksplisit yang mengaturnya. Teori ini dibangun dengan fondasi 2 teori yakni teori transnational legal process yang menitikberatkan pada bagaimana negara memperlakukan hukum internasional, dan teori international constitution yang berfokus pada bagaimana perlakuan hukum internasional tersebut bersifat konstitusional.    Abstract A constitution of a nation holds an important role to define international law before municipal law. The South African Constitution is an example of constitutions that explain explicitly the position of international law and prescribe its courts to observe international law in domestic zone. A crucial problem has risen in States which have no explicit provisions in their constitutions, like Indonesia, but the State agent acts of using international law are often found. This article offers internationalism theory in order to give the States a legitimacy to be comply with international law although the constitution lacks the explicit provisions. The theory contains 2 basic theories which are transnational legal process theory that stresses on how states treat international law properly; and international constitution theory that focuses on how the treatment becomes constitutional.

  6. Peran Data dalam Manajemen Perpustakaan di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anindya Gita P.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Perpustakaan senantiasa mendorong penggunanya untuk mencari dan menggunakan informasi yang terpercaya dan telah teruji. Oleh karena itu sudah seharusnya perpustakaan juga melakukan upaya pencarian informasi mengenai “dirinya” melalui riset untuk mendapatkan data. Upaya pencarian informasi ini di Indonesia umumnya masih sebatas data koleksi, data peminjaman, dan kunjungan pengguna. Ada banyak opini dan kekhawatiran yang bervariasi yang disampaikan oleh pustakawan dan staf dalam pengembangan perpustakaan. Data dapat menjadi pelengkap pemikiran disini, juga sebagai penengah berbagai pemikiran. Berdasarkan pemaparan tersebut maka peneliti tertarik untuk membahas bagaimana posisi data dalam manajemen perpustakaan. Keberadaan data sangat penting sebagai dasar dalam mengambil keputusan di perpustakaan. Begitu juga dalam manajemen perpustakaan, seorang kepala perpustakaan harus melakukan riset terlebih dahulu untuk memperoleh data yang digunakan untuk mengambil kebijakan. ABSTRACT The library constantly encourages its users to search and use reliable and tested information. Therefore the library should also make efforts to search information about "itself" through research to obtain data. This information search effort in Indonesia is generally still limited to data collection, lending data, and user visits. There are many varied opinions and concerns delivered by librarians and staff in library development. Data can be a complement to thinking here, as well as mediating thoughts. Based on the exposure, the researcher is interested to discuss how the data position in library management. The existence of data is very important as the basis for making decisions in the library. Likewise in library management, a library head should research first in order to obtain the data used to take policy

  7. Representasi Hero Perempuan Dalam Game Dota 2

    OpenAIRE

    Handoko, Sofyan; Yuwono, Elisabeth Christine; Mardiono, Bambang

    2016-01-01

    Dota 2 merupakan video game yang sedang berkembang di Indonesia, adalah game yang mempertarungkan pemain-pemain yang terbagi kedalam dua tim yang berbeda. Dota 2 memperlihatkan bahwa meskipun game bertema perang, terdapat karakter-karakter yang biasa disebut hero, terdapat sosok perempuan pada game Dota 2. Studi dilakukan untuk melihat apakah hero perempuan dalam game Dota 2 telah direpresentasikan sesuai dengan atribut mereka masing-masing (Strength, Agility, dan Intellegence) dan melihat ma...

  8. MODEL COMMUNICATION ENGGAGEMENT DALAM KOMUNIKASI POLITIK CALON LEGISLATIF DALAM PEMILU UMUM 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zen Amirudin

    2016-02-01

    Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa di Kabupaten Blitar dalam pemilihan umum 2014 telah berhasil memperoleh 9 kursi. Jumlah tersebut meningkat lebih banyak jika di bandingkan periode sebelumnya yang mendapatkan tujuh kursi. Faktor utama peningkatan kursi karena mampu menjalin komunikasi politik sinergis yang berbasis communication engagement antara aparatus partai politik, organisasi kemasyarakatan seperti Nahdlatul Ulama, Muslimat, Gerakan Pemuda Ansor maupun yang lainnya. Sedangkan proses komunikasi politik yang dilakukan oleh para calon legislatif PKB Kabupaten Blitar dalam melakukan kampanye dengan memfokuskan pada tiga hal utama, yakni: citra calon legislatif, proses kampanye, dan penggunaan media komunikasi.

  9. URANIUM LEACHING AND RECOVERY PROCESS

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClaine, L.A.

    1959-08-18

    A process is described for recovering uranium from carbonate leach solutions by precipitating uranium as a mixed oxidation state compound. Uranium is recovered by adding a quadrivalent uranium carbon;te solution to the carbonate solution, adjusting the pH to 13 or greater, and precipitating the uranium as a filterable mixed oxidation state compound. In the event vanadium occurs with the uranium, the vanadium is unaffected by the uranium precipitation step and remains in the carbonate solution. The uranium-free solution is electrolyzed in the cathode compartment of a mercury cathode diaphragm cell to reduce and precipitate the vanadium.

  10. ESTETISISME DAN DILEMA PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN DALAM IKLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moeljadi Pranata

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The development in women%5C%27s role is constructed by ads%5C%27 aestheticism and women%5C%27s attitude. Aestheticism provokes bad taste advertisement reducing woman as a mere biological object. Capitalistic system and structure has encouraged women to compete in social arena and subordination of women by men as well as conflicts among women. The empowerment of women%5C%27s role in ads can be achieved by generating the awareness on women not to part in stereotype establishing which inflicts women%5C%27s esteem. Further%2C law enforcement is required to control bad taste advertising. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Perkembangan peran perempuan disebabkan oleh estetisisme iklan dan sikap perempuan sendiri. Estetisisme menyebabkan bad taste advertisement yang mereduksi perempuan sebatas mahluk biologis semata. Sistim dan struktur kapitalistik telah mendorong perempuan berkompetisi dalam arena sosial yang sekaligus menjadi ajang subordinasi perempuan oleh laki-laki serta ajang konflik antar perempuan. Pemberdayaan peran perempuan dalam iklan dapat dilakukan dengan gerakan penyadaran kepada perempuan agar tidak larut dalam proses pemapanan stereotipe yang merugikan perempuan. Selain itu%2C penegakan supremasi hukum perlu dilakukan untuk mengendalikan bad taste advertising. advertisment%2C+aestheticism%2C+empowerment%2C+women.

  11. PENUMBUHAN BIOFLOK DALAM MEDIA BUDIDAYA IKAN BANDENG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman Usman

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Bioflok merupakan agregat campuran heterogen mikroba yang diinisiasi oleh bakteri heterotrof dan memiliki nutrisi yang cukup baik yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai makanan oleh beberapa jenis ikan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mendapatkan informasi metode menumbuhkan bioflok dalam media budidaya ikan bandeng intensif. Penumbuhan bakteri heterotrof dilakukan dengan mempertahankan keseimbangan rasio Karbon/Nitrogen (C/N sebesar 10 dalam media budidaya. Sumber nitrogen berasal dari limbah 40 ekor ikan bandeng (bobot rata-rata 75 g/ekor yang dipelihara dalam bak fibre glass berisi air bersalinitas 25 ppt sebanyak 625 L. Ikan uji diberi pakan komersial dengan kadar protein 26%. Molase digunakan sebagai sumber Corganik. Perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah: (A tanpa inokulasi bakteri heterotrof (0 cfu/mL, (B inokulasi bakteri heterotrof sebanyak 102 cfu/mL, (C inokulasi bakteri heterotrof sebanyak 104 cfu/mL, dan (D inokulasi bakteri heterotrof sebanyak 106 cfu/mL. Hasil percobaan selama masa 30 hari menunjukkan bahwa penambahan inokulasi bakteri heterotrof sebanyak 106 cfu/mL cenderung lebih meningkatkan laju konversi limbah N menjadi bioflok dibandingkan jumlah inokulasi bakteri yang lebih rendah dan kontrol. Indikator utamanya dapat dilihat dari pola penurunan konsentrasi TAN dan peningkatan VSS. Penambahan inokulasi bakteri heterotrof (Bacillus sp. cenderung meningkatkan kandungan asam amino bioflok

  12. USE OF MEMBRANE EMULSION SPAN 80 AND TOPO IN URANIUM EXTRACTION AND STRIPPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kris Tri Basuki

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT USE OF MEMBRANE EMULSION SPAN 80 AND TOPO IN URANIUM EXTRACTION AND STRIPPING. Membrane emulsion span 80 and TOPO used in uranium extraction and stripping has been done. The extraction was carried outby emulsion membrane H3PO4 in TOPO-Kerosene. The feed or external aqueous phase was uranium in  HNO3. The emulgator span-80 was used to obtain a stable emulsion membrane system. The influence factors were percentage of TOPO-Kerosene, time extraction,  molarity of external aqueous phase and  molarity of internal aqueous. After the emulsion membrane was formed, the extractionand stripping process was performed. The ratio volume feed : volume membrane phase equal to 1 : 1 and volume of 5 % TOPO-Kerosene : Volume 3 M H3PO4 equal 1 : 1 were used. The relative good yield were obtained at concentration of TOPO in Kerosene and 3 M H3PO4 was 5 %, molarity of internal aqueous phase equal to 1 M, molarity of external aqueous phase 3 M H3PO4 and time extraction equalto 10 minutes with the speed of emulsification was 8000 rpm. At this condition the extraction efficiency of uranium obtained was 97.8 %, the stripping efficiency 52.56 %, and the total efficiency was 53.80 %. Keywords: membrane emulsion, extraction, stripping, span 80, kerosene, uranium. ABSTRAK PENGGUNAAN MEMBRAN EMULSI SPAN 80 DAN TOPO UNTUK EKSTRASI DAN STRIPPING URANIUM. Telah dilakukan penelitian membran emulsi span 80 dan TOPO yang digunakan untuk ekstraksi uranium. Extraksi dengan membran emulsi H3PO4 dalam TOPO-Kerosen. Larutan umpan untuk fasa air eksternal adalah uranium dalam asam nitrat. Untuk memperoleh sistem emulsi yang stabil dipakai emulgator Span 80. Parameter yang berpengaruh adalah persen TOPO-Kerosene, molaritas fasa air internal H3PO4, molaritas fasa air eksternal HNO3 dan waktu ekstraksi. Setelah diperoleh membran emulsi, kemudian dilakukan proses ekstraksi dan stripping, dengan rasio volume umpan : volume membran sebesar 1 : 1; volume 5% TOPO-Kerose : volume 3M

  13. Perspektif Psikologi Humanistik Abraham Maslow dalam Meninjau Motif Pelaku Pembunuhan

    OpenAIRE

    Nurwatie, Azrina; Fauzia, Rahmi; Akbar, Sukma Noor

    2014-01-01

    Fokus penelitian ini diarahkan pada motif pelaku pembunuhan dengan meninjaunya melalui perspektif psikologi humanistik Abraham Maslow. Subyek dalam penelitian ini berjumlah dua orang narapidana yang berada di Lapas Kelas IIA Anak Martapura dengan kasus pembunuhan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara, observasi, dokumentasi,dan pemeriksaan psikologis (tes grafis). Berdasarkan hasil analisis data da...

  14. Trends in uranium supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, M [International Atomic Energy Agency, Division of Nuclear Power and Reactors, Nuclear Materials and Fuel Cycle Section, Vienna (Austria)

    1976-07-01

    Prior to the development of nuclear power, uranium ores were used to a very limited extent as a ceramic colouring agent, as a source of radium and in some places as a source of vanadium. Perhaps before that, because of the bright orange and yellow colours of its secondary ores, it was probably used as ceremonial paint by primitive man. After the discovery of nuclear fission a whole new industry emerged, complete with its problems of demand, resources and supply. Spurred by special incentives in the early years of this new nuclear industry, prospectors discovered over 20 000 occurrences of uranium in North America alone, and by 1959 total world production reached a peak of 34 000 tonnes uranium from mines in South Africa, Canada and United States. This rapid growth also led to new problems. As purchases for military purposes ended, government procurement contracts were not renewed, and the large reserves developed as a result of government purchase incentives, in combination with lack of substantial commercial market, resulted in an over-supply of uranium. Typically, an over-supply of uranium together with national stockpiling at low prices resulted in depression of prices to less than $5 per pound by 1971. Although forecasts made in the early 1970's increased confidence in the future of nuclear power, and consequently the demand for uranium, prices remained low until the end of 1973 when OPEC announced a very large increase in oil prices and quite naturally, prices for coal also rose substantially. The economics of nuclear fuel immediately improved and prices for uranium began to climb in 1974. But the world-wide impact of the OPEC decision also produced negative effects on the uranium industry. Uranium production costs rose dramatically, as did capital costs, and money for investment in new uranium ventures became more scarce and more expensive. However, the uranium supply picture today offers hope of satisfactory development in spite of the many problems to be

  15. Uranium industry annual 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-09-01

    Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U 3 O 8 (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U 3 O 8 (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world's largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U 3 O 8 (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market

  16. Trends in uranium supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hansen, M.

    1976-01-01

    Prior to the development of nuclear power, uranium ores were used to a very limited extent as a ceramic colouring agent, as a source of radium and in some places as a source of vanadium. Perhaps before that, because of the bright orange and yellow colours of its secondary ores, it was probably used as ceremonial paint by primitive man. After the discovery of nuclear fission a whole new industry emerged, complete with its problems of demand, resources and supply. Spurred by special incentives in the early years of this new nuclear industry, prospectors discovered over 20 000 occurrences of uranium in North America alone, and by 1959 total world production reached a peak of 34 000 tonnes uranium from mines in South Africa, Canada and United States. This rapid growth also led to new problems. As purchases for military purposes ended, government procurement contracts were not renewed, and the large reserves developed as a result of government purchase incentives, in combination with lack of substantial commercial market, resulted in an over-supply of uranium. Typically, an over-supply of uranium together with national stockpiling at low prices resulted in depression of prices to less than $5 per pound by 1971. Although forecasts made in the early 1970's increased confidence in the future of nuclear power, and consequently the demand for uranium, prices remained low until the end of 1973 when OPEC announced a very large increase in oil prices and quite naturally, prices for coal also rose substantially. The economics of nuclear fuel immediately improved and prices for uranium began to climb in 1974. But the world-wide impact of the OPEC decision also produced negative effects on the uranium industry. Uranium production costs rose dramatically, as did capital costs, and money for investment in new uranium ventures became more scarce and more expensive. However, the uranium supply picture today offers hope of satisfactory development in spite of the many problems to be

  17. Uranium industry annual 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world`s largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market.

  18. INTEGRASI MATEMATIKA DAN ISLAM DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsul Maarif

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pembelajaran matematika harus mengalami perubahan dalam konteks perbaikan mutu pendidikan sehingga dapat meningkatkan hasil pembelajaran yang optimal. Oleh karena itu, upaya terus dilakukan untuk terwujudnya suatu pembelajaran yang inovatif sesuai dengan perkembangan zaman dan tekhnologi. Disamping pendidikan diselaraskan dengan kemajuan teknologi, pendidikan juga diharapkan dapat membangun nilai dan watak dari setiap peserta didik melalui nilai-nilai agama.Al-Quaran merupakan kitab suci umat islam yang merupakan sumber dari segala sumber ilmu. Keagungannya tidak akan tertandingi dan tak jua lekang oleh zaman. Oleh karenaya kita sebagai umat muslim patut dan menjadi keharusan menjadikan Al-Quran sebagai rujukan utama untuk pengembangan ilmu sebelum merujuk kepada teori ataupun konsep-konsep lainnnya. Pandangan seperti tersebut tidaklah salah karena Al-Quran sangat berpengaruh pada pengembangan bidang ilmu. Hal tersebut terlihat jelas adanya penghargaan yang teramat tinggibagi mereka yang beriman dan berilmu dibandingkan dengan orang yang biasa-biasa saja.Hal tersebut menunjukan Al-Quran sangat konsen dalam perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan. Oleh sebab itu, perlu kiranya dunia pendidikan tidak terkecuali dalam pembelajaran matematika mengintegrasikan nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam agama islam dalam setiap pembelajaran. Sehingga, selain dapat mempelajari matematika siswa juga dapat mempelajari keagungan Alloh melalui pendekatan materi-materi matematika. Kata Kunci    :   Islam, Matematika, Pembelajaran Matematika   ABSTRACT Learning mathematics should be amended in the context of improvement of the quality of education so as to enhance the optimal learning outcomes. Therefore, efforts continue to be made to the realization of an innovative learning in accordance with the times and technology. Besides education aligned with technological advances, education is also expected to build the value and character of each learner through the

  19. MEMBANGUN KARAKTER BUDAYA POLITIK DALAM BERDEMOKRASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoirul Saleh dan Achmat Munif

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Kejadian pergantian kepemimpinan nasional di Indonesia merupakan amanah dari rakyat melalui mekanisme pemilihan umum. Meski sejarah bangsa Indonesia mencatat bahwa pegantian Presiden RI pertama dari Ir. Soekarno hingga presiden yang ketujuh, yaitu Jokowi, selalu terdapat kejadian tidak semestinya oleh elite pemimpin negara dan hal ini akan menjadi cermin bagi rakyat Indonesia bagaimana membangun karakter budaya politik. Budaya politik adalah aspek politik dari sistem nilai-nilai yang berkembang dalam masyarakat yang dipengaruhi oleh suasana zaman saat itu dan tingkat pendidikan dari masyarakat itu sendiri. Partisipasi politik masyarakat sangat membantu berkembangnya budaya politik dalam suatu negara. Partisipasi politik adalah keterlibatan warga dalam segala tahapan kebijakan, mulai dari sejak pembuatan keputusan sampai dengan penilaian keputusan. Demokrasi merupakan media untuk mewujudkan masyarakat adil dan makmur. Kalau demokrasi ditegakkan, dengan tingginya partisipasi rakyat dalam politik, ekonomi, sosial, dan budaya, maka masyarakat adil dan makmur bisa terwujud. Yang tidak kalah penting adalah membagun karakter budaya politik, sehingga kegiatan politik bukanlah panggung bermain bagi para elite penguasa, tetapi sebagai sarana pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar warga negara dalam menciptakan kemaslahatan bersama. Kata Kunci: Budaya Politik, Karakter, Demokrasi. BUILDING CHARACTER IN POLITICAL CULTURE IN DEMOCRACY. Building Character in Political Culture in Democracy. Change of national leadership in Indonesia is a mandate of the people through the mechanism of elections in accordance with the principles of direct, general, free, secret and fair and healthy competition between pairs of candidates for president and vice president. Political culture is the political aspect of the system of values that thrive in communities that are affected by the atmosphere of the current era and the education level of the community itself. Other factors that

  20. KETERASINGAN DALAM FILM WALL-E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmadya Putra Nugraha

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern society nowadays technological advances at first create efficiency in human life. Further development of the technology thus drown human in a routine and automation of work created. The State is to be one of the causes of man separated from fellow or the outside world and eventually experiencing alienation. The movie as a mass media function to obtain the movie and entertainment can be informative or educative function is contained, even persuasive. The purpose of this research was conducted to find out the alienation in the movie Wall E. The concepts used to analyze the movie Wall E this is communication, movie, and alienation. The concept of alienation of human alienation from covering its own products of human alienation from its activities, the human alienation from nature of his humanity and human alienation from each other. Paradigm used is a critical paradigm with type a descriptive research with qualitative approach. The method used is the analysis of semiotics Roland Barthes to interpretation the scope of social alienation and fellow humans in the movie.This writing research results found that alienation of humans with other humans influenced the development of the technology and how the human it self represented of technology, not from our fellow human beings. Masyarakat modern saat ini kemajuan teknologi pada awalnya membuat efisiensi dalam kehidupan manusia. Perkembangan selanjutnya teknologi justru menenggelamkan manusia dalam suatu rutinitas dan otomatisasi kerja yang diciptakan. Keadaan itulah yang menjadi salah satu penyebab manusia terpisah dari sesama atau dunia luar dan akhirnya mengalami keterasingan. Film sebagai media massa berfungsi untuk memperoleh hiburan dan dalam film dapat terkandung fungsi informatif maupun edukatif, bahkan persuasif. Tujuan Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui Keterasingan dalam film Wall E. Konsep-konsep yang digunakan untuk menganalisis film Wall E ini adalah komunikasi, film, dan

  1. Konsep Teater Epik Brecht dalam Film Dogville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipus Nugroho Hari Wibowo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Film yang menggunakan panggung sebagai tempat kejadian (setting masih jarangditemukan di Indonesia. Kalaupun ada film-film tersebut hanyalah mengisahkankehidupan orang-orang teater dengan segala aktivitas kesehariannya, ataumentransformasikan naskah-naskah panggung menjadi sebuah film. Film Dogvillekarya sineas Denmark, Lars von Trier, menggunakan konsep pemanggunganteater dalam penggarapan filmnya.Dalam film tersebut, setting sebuah kota hanyadihadirkan disebuah studio besar (panggung dengan garis-garis kapur yangdianggap mewakili berbagai macam benda ataupun dinding yang memisahkan satutempat dengan tempat lainnya. Furnitur yang dihadirkan sangat minimalis, hanyabeberapa benda saja yang dihadirkan yang dianggap cukup mengidentifikasikantempat tersebut. Background yang dipakai hanya layar hitam dan putih untukmembedakan adegan malam dan adegan siang. Berdasarkan kesamaan strukturpembentuk yang terdapat dalam film (narasi dan teater, yaitu tema, alur,penokohan, dan setting yang dipaparkan secara deskriptif, dapat dibuktikan bahwaKonsep Teater Epik Brecht yang selama ini diterapkan dalam panggung bisaditerapkan dalam film Dogville. Brecht’s Concept of EpicTheaterin Dogville Film. Films using the stage as the scene(setting are still rare in Indonesia, even if there are only films that tell us about the lifeof the theatre (stage with all activities of daily life, or transforming the manuscripts stage(theater into a movie. LarsvonTrier, Dannish film maker, made Dogville – it uses theconcept of theatrical staging in the process of the film making. In the film, a city settingis just presented in a large studio (stage with the chalk lines are considered to representa wide range of objects or wall that separate sone place to another one. Presenting veryminimalist furniture, only a few objects are presented and sufficient to identify the place.Background screens use only black and white to distinguish the scenes and the scenesduring the night. Based

  2. POSMODERNISME DALAM IKLAN TEH “JAVANA”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adji Nugroho

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Pesatnya perkembangan periklanan Indonesia ditandai dengan banyaknya iklan di media televisi. Produk makanan dan minuman memanfaatkan iklan untuk saling bersaing dengan kompetitor. Minuman dalam kemasan menjadi populer khususnya teh yang paling banyak dikonsumsi selain air mineral. Beberapa produk teh dalam kemasan menampilkan iklan yang mengusung konsep kesegaran, aktivitas, serta kehidupan era kini. Teh “Javana” memiliki konsep iklan yang berbeda dengan iklan produk serupa. Iklan ini menampilkan perpaduan budaya tradisional dengan budaya kekinian yang dikemas dalam satu bingkai. Perbedaan konsep visualisasi dibanding dengan iklan sejenis serta penggunaan dua budaya di atas mendorong peneliti menemukan maksud di balik konsep iklan dengan menggunakan pendekatan posmodernisme, yang dibatasi pada idiom estetik: dekonstruksi, hiperrealitas, simulasi, intertekstualitas, kitsch, dan pastiche. Proses analisis dimulai dari pengamatan iklan audio visual, dilanjutkan penjabaran dengan mengambil beberapa elemen yakni gambar, teks, dan audio dalam posisi waktu yang ditentukan. Hasil analisis elemen-elemen digabungkan menjadi satu, kemudian disimpulkan. Hasil dari penelitian ini yaitu ditemukannya garis besar posmodernisme dalam iklan teh “Javana” melalui idiom-idiom estetik di atas, yang menciptakan kontradiksi dan paradoks terkait budaya tradisi dan budaya kini. Kata Kunci: budaya, iklan, teh, posmodernisme, idiom estetik Abstract The fast growth of Indonesian advertising is shown by a lot of ads on television medium. The food and beverage products use ad to compete against the competitors. The beverage which included in Ready To Drink (RTD category becomes popular, especially tea as the most widely consumed besides mineral water. Some bottled tea products show the ads with concept of freshness, activity, and contemporary lifestyle. “Javana” Tea has different ad concept with the similar products. This ad shows the blend of traditional

  3. Alur Kerja Baru Simulasi Performa Bangunan Dalam Proses Desain Parametrik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firza Utama Sjarifudin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini menjelaskan hubungan alur kerja baru antara program pemodelan CAD 3D (Rhino/Grasshopper dan simulasi pencahayaan dengan (Radiance/Daysim. Alur kerja perancangan yang sangat efektif dalam Rhino disajikan secara langsung dengan mengekspor geometri, material properties, dan sensor grid ke dalam format Radiance/Daysim untuk menghitung serangkaian indikator performa termasuk peta radiasi matahari serta faktor pendistribusian pencahayaan dalam setahun. Hasil simulasi secara otomatis dikirim kembali ke dalam Rhino menggunakan pemetaan warna. Dengan menggunakan Grasshopper, parameter desain utama seperti ukuran jendela dan deskripsi material dapat diubah secara bertahap dan hasil simulasi dapat dikombinasikan menjadi sebuah simulasi performa bangunan dalam bentuk animasi transformasi parametrik. Desain alur kerja ini telah secara khusus dikembangkan bagi proses perancangan arsitektur dengan menyediakan semua feedback yang sangat berguna bagi perancang secara interaktif dari tahap rancangan skematis sampai tahap pengembangan perancangan. 

  4. IMPLEMENTASI ETNOMATEMATIKA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA PADA JENJANG PENDIDIKAN SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatimah S. Sirate

    2012-07-01

    Abstrak: Artikel ini mengkaji implementasi etnomatematika dalam pembelajaran matematika pada jenjang pendidikan sekolah dasar. Tujuan tulisan ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan pelaksanaan proses pembelajaran matematika yang materinya diangkat dari nilai-nilai budaya lokal yang bersifat matematika atau disebut dengan etnomatematika. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologis bertujuan untuk mendapatkan informasi selengkap mungkin mengenai implementasi etnomatematika dalam pembelajaran matematika pada tingkat sekolah dasar. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi, kemudian dianalisis dengan reduksi data, sajian data, verifikasi, dan penyimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam  proses pembelajaran matematika, guru kelas IV, V, VI telah memanfaatkan etnomatematika dalam pembelajaran matematika, walaupun dalam menyusun rencana pembelajaran sama sekali tidak terlihat etnomatematika termuat di rencana pembelajaran yang dibuat. Penerapan etnomatematika sebagai sarana untuk memotivasi, menstimulasi siswa, dapat mengatasi kejenuhan dan memberikan nuansa baru pada pembelajaran matematika.

  5. Metodologi Penelitian dalam Sebuah "Multi-Paradigm Science"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedy Hidayat

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Ketidakjelasan paradigma serta posisi metodologi dapat mempersulit peneliti sewaktu melakukan penelitian. Selain akan menyulitkan peneliti dalam menetapkan "goodness" atau "quality criteria" dalam melakukan penelitian. juga akan menyebabkan hasil riset menjadi amat terbuka terhadap kritik dari berbagai perspektif yang berbeda. Dalam Ilmu-Ilmu sosial. termasuk ilmu komunikasi. terdapat beragam paradigma atau perspekstif sebagai fondasi filosofiS yang dapat digunakan dalam penelitian. dan masing-masing memiliki quality criteria berbeda. Di antara paradigma itu adalah paradigma klasik, kritis, dan konstruktivis. Dalam hal ini, isu pokok yang sebenarnya bukanlah pembedaan antara penelitian kuantitatif dengan kualitatif tetapi perbedaa epistemologi, ontologi. dan aksiologi antarparadigma yang ada. Seorang periset komunikasi bebas memilih akan "melandaskan kajiannya dari perspektifmana pun. Namun, dari beragam hal yang menentukan kualitas penelitian-seperti kerangka pemikiran dan signifikansi penelitian-pemahaman penelitian mengenai paradigma penelitian yang diplihnya. tampaknya. merupakan yang terpenting

  6. Penerapan Supervisi Klinis untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar Gugus IV Sanankulon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Utami

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui dampak supervise klinis terhadap kinerja guru dalam proses belajar mengajar.Tindakan melalui supervise klinis.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan kinerja guru dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar, siklus I mencapai 72% atau ada13 guru dari 18 guru sudah berhasil dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar, siklus II keberhasilan guru dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar mencapai 89%atau ada 16 guru dari 18 guru sudah berhasil dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar.

  7. Uranium geochemistry, mineralogy, geology, exploration and resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Vivo, B.

    1984-01-01

    This book comprises papers on the following topics: history of radioactivity; uranium in mantle processes; transport and deposition of uranium in hydrothermal systems at temperatures up to 300 0 C: Geological implications; geochemical behaviour of uranium in the supergene environment; uranium exploration techniques; uranium mineralogy; time, crustal evolution and generation of uranium deposits; uranium exploration; geochemistry of uranium in the hydrographic network; uranium deposits of the world, excluding Europe; uranium deposits in Europe; uranium in the economics of energy; role of high heat production granites in uranium province formation; and uranium deposits

  8. Uranium enrichment techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamdoun, N.A.

    2007-01-01

    This article includes an introduction about the isotopes of natural uranium, their existence and the difficulty of the separation between them. Then it goes to the details of a number of methods used to enrich uranium: Gaseous Diffusion method, Electromagnetic method, Jet method, Centrifugal method, Chemical method, Laser method and Plasma method.

  9. Uranium dioxide pellets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zawidzki, T.W.

    1979-01-01

    Sintered uranium dioxide pellets composed of particles of size > 50 microns suitable for power reactor use are made by incorporating a small amount of sulphur into the uranium dioxide before sintering. The increase in grain size achieved results in an improvement in overall efficiency when such pellets are used in a power reactor. (author)

  10. Uranium's scientific history

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goldschmidt, B.

    1990-01-01

    The bicentenary of the discovery of uranium coincides with the fiftieth anniversary of the discovery of fission, an event of worldwide significance and the last episode in the uranium -radium saga which is the main theme of this paper. Uranium was first identified by the German chemist Martin Klaproth in 1789. He extracted uranium oxide from the ore pitchblende which was a by-product of the silver mines at Joachimsthal in Bohemia. For over a century after its discovery, the main application for uranium derived from the vivid colours of its oxides and salts which are used in glazes for ceramics, and porcelain. In 1896, however, Becquerel discovered that uranium emitted ionizing radiation. The extraction by Pierre and Marie Curie of the more radioactive radium from uranium in the early years of the twentieth century and its application to the treatment of cancer shifted the chief interest to radium production. In the 1930s the discovery of the neutron and of artificial radioactivity stimulated research in a number of European laboratories which culminated in the demonstration of fission by Otto Frisch in January 1939. The new found use of uranium for the production of recoverable energy, and the creation of artificial radioelements in nuclear reactors, eliminated the radium industry. (author)

  11. Uranium: biokinetics and toxicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Menetrier, F.; Renaud-Salis, V.; Flury-Herard, A.

    2000-01-01

    This report was achieved as a part of a collaboration with the Fuel Cycle Direction. Its aim was to give the state of the art about: the behaviour of uranium in the human organism (biokinetics) after ingestion, its toxicity (mainly renal) and the current regulation about its incorporation. Both in the upstream and in the downstream of the fuel cycle, uranium remains, quantitatively, the first element in the cycle which is, at the present time, temporarily disposed or recycled. Such a considerable quantity of uranium sets the problem of its risk on the health. In the long term, the biosphere may be affected and consequently the public may ingest water or food contaminated with uranium. In this way, radiological and chemical toxicity risk may be activated. This report emphasizes: the necessity of confirming some experimental and epidemiological biokinetic data used or not in the ICRP models. Unsolved questions remain about the gastrointestinal absorption according to chemical form (valency state, mixtures...), mass and individual variations (age, disease) further a chronic ingestion of uranium. It is well established that uranium is mainly deposited in the skeleton and the kidney. But the skeleton kinetics following a chronic ingestion and especially in some diseases has to be more elucidated; the necessity of taking into account uranium at first as a chemical toxic, essentially in the kidney and determining the threshold of functional lesion. In this way, it is important to look for some specific markers; the problem of not considering chemical toxicity of uranium in the texts regulating its incorporation

  12. Rheinbraun's Australian uranium business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kirschbaum, S.

    1989-01-01

    The leaflet argues against the mining activities of the Rheinische Braunkohlenwerke AG in Germany and especially against uranium mining in Australia. The ethno-ecological impact on flora and fauna, aborigines and miners are pointed out. Uranium mining and lignite mining are compared. (HSCH) [de

  13. Australia and uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1977-01-01

    A brief justification of the Australian Government's decision to mine and export Australian Uranium is presented along with a description of the Alligator River Region in the Northern Territory where the major mines are to be located. Aboriginal interests and welfare in the region, the proposed Kakadu National Park and the economic benefits resulting from uranium development are also briefly covered. (J.R.)

  14. Nuclear and uranium policies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MacNabb, G.M.; Uranium Canada Ltd., Ottawa, Ontario)

    The background of the uranium industry in Canada is described. Government policies with respect to ownership of the uranium mining industry, price stabilization, and especially reservation of sufficient supplies of nuclear fuels for domestic utilities, are explained. Canadian policy re nuclear exports and safeguards is outlined. (E.C.B.)

  15. Uranium and transuranium analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regnaud, F.

    1989-01-01

    Analytical chemistry of uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium is reviewed. Uranium and neptunium are mainly treated and curium is only briefly evoked. Analysis methods include coulometry, titration, mass spectrometry, absorption spectrometry, spectrofluorometry, X-ray spectrometry, nuclear methods and radiation spectrometry [fr

  16. Preparation of uranium tetrafluoride

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wirths, G.

    1981-01-01

    Uranium dioxide is converted to uranium tetrafluoride under stoichiometric excess of hydrogen fluoride. The water formed in the process and the unreacted hydrogen fluoride are cooled and the condensate fractionally distilled into water and approx. 40% hydrofluoric acid. The hydrofluoric acid and water-free hydrogen fluoride are fed back into the process. (WI) [de

  17. Rossing uranium 1979

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    This report describes the activities and organization of the Rossing uranium mine in South West Africa. The development of the mine during the last six years is described as well as the geology of the uranium deposits and aspects of the mining operations. The manpower structure and training possibilities for personnel are described

  18. Management of depleted uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    Large stocks of depleted uranium have arisen as a result of enrichment operations, especially in the United States and the Russian Federation. Countries with depleted uranium stocks are interested in assessing strategies for the use and management of depleted uranium. The choice of strategy depends on several factors, including government and business policy, alternative uses available, the economic value of the material, regulatory aspects and disposal options, and international market developments in the nuclear fuel cycle. This report presents the results of a depleted uranium study conducted by an expert group organised jointly by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency. It contains information on current inventories of depleted uranium, potential future arisings, long term management alternatives, peaceful use options and country programmes. In addition, it explores ideas for international collaboration and identifies key issues for governments and policy makers to consider. (authors)

  19. Uranium dioxide electrolysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willit, James L [Batavia, IL; Ackerman, John P [Prescott, AZ; Williamson, Mark A [Naperville, IL

    2009-12-29

    This is a single stage process for treating spent nuclear fuel from light water reactors. The spent nuclear fuel, uranium oxide, UO.sub.2, is added to a solution of UCl.sub.4 dissolved in molten LiCl. A carbon anode and a metallic cathode is positioned in the molten salt bath. A power source is connected to the electrodes and a voltage greater than or equal to 1.3 volts is applied to the bath. At the anode, the carbon is oxidized to form carbon dioxide and uranium chloride. At the cathode, uranium is electroplated. The uranium chloride at the cathode reacts with more uranium oxide to continue the reaction. The process may also be used with other transuranic oxides and rare earth metal oxides.

  20. Uranium deposit research, 1983

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruzicka, V.; LeCheminant, G.M.

    1984-01-01

    Research on uranium deposits in Canada, conducted as a prerequisite for assessment of the Estimated Additional Resources of uranium, revealed that (a) the uranium-gold association in rudites of the Huronian Supergroup preferably occurs in the carbon layers; (b) chloritized ore at the Panel mine, Elliot Lake, Ontario, occurs locally in tectonically disturbed areas in the vicinity of diabase dykes; (c) mineralization in the Black Sturgeon Lake area, Ontario, formed from solutions in structural and lithological traps; (d) the Cigar Lake deposit, Saskatchewan, has two phases of mineralization: monomineralic and polymetallic; (e) mineralization of the JEB (Canoxy Ltd.) deposit is similar to that at McClean Lake; (f) the uranium-carbon assemblage was identified in the Claude deposit, Carswell Structure; and (g) the Otish Mountains area, Quebec, should be considered as a significant uranium-polymetallic metallogenic province

  1. Uranium oxide recovering method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ota, Kazuaki; Takazawa, Hiroshi; Teramae, Naoki; Onoue, Takeshi.

    1997-01-01

    Nitrates containing uranium nitrate are charged in a molten salt electrolytic vessel, and a heat treatment is applied to prepare molten salts. An anode and a cathode each made of a graphite rod are disposed in the molten salts. AC voltage is applied between the anode and the cathode to conduct electrolysis of the molten salts. Uranium oxides are deposited as a recovered product of uranium, on the surface of the anode. The nitrates containing uranium nitrate are preferably a mixture of one or more nitrates selected from sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, calcium nitrate and magnesium nitrate with uranium nitrate. The nitrates may be liquid wastes of nitrates. The temperature for the electrolysis of the molten salts is preferably from 150 to 300degC. The voltage for the electrolysis of the molten salts is preferably an AC voltage of from 2 to 6V, more preferably from 4 to 6V. (I.N.)

  2. Uranium mines of Tajikistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Razykov, Z.A; Gusakov, E.G.; Marushenko, A.A.; Botov, A.Yu.; Yunusov, M.M.

    2002-12-01

    The book describes location laws, the main properties of geological structure and industrial perspectives for known uranium mines of the Republic of Tajikistan. Used methods of industrial processing of uranium mines are described. The results of investigations of technological properties of main types of uranium ores and methods of industrial processing of some of them are shown. Main properties of uranium are shortly described as well as problems, connected with it, which arise during exploitation, mining and processing of uranium ores. The main methods of solution of these problems are shown. The book has interest for specialists of mining, geological, chemical, and technological fields as well as for students of appropriate universities. This book will be interested for usual reader, too, if they are interested in mineral resources of their country [ru

  3. Uranium chemistry research unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1978-01-01

    The initial field of research of this Unit, established in 1973, was the basic co-ordination chemistry of uranium, thorium, copper, cobalt and nickel. Subsequently the interest of the Unit extended to extractive metallurgy relating to these metals. Under the term 'co-ordination chemistry' is understood the interaction of the central transition metal ion with surrounding atoms in its immediate vicinity (within bonding distance) and the influence they have on each other - for example, structural studies for determining the number and arrangement of co-ordinated atoms and spectrophotometric studies to establish how the f electron energy levels of uranium are influenced by the environment. New types of uranium compounds have been synthesized and studied, and the behaviour of uranium ions in non-aqueous systems has also received attention. This work can be applied to the development and study of extractants and new extractive processes for uranium

  4. Jabiluka uranium project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    The Jabiluka uranium and gold deposit located in the Northern Territory of Australia is the world's largest known primary uranium deposits and as such has the potential to become one of the most important uranium projects in the world. Despite the financial and structural challenges facing the major owner Pancontinental Mining Limited and the changing political policies in Australia, Jabiluka is well situated for development during the 1990's. With the availability of numerous financial and development alternatives, Jabiluka could, by the turn of the century, take its rightful place among the first rank of world uranium producers. The paper discusses ownership, location, property rights, licensing, environmental concerns, marketing and development, capital costs, royalties, uranium policy considerations, geologic exploration history, regional and site geology, and mining and milling operations

  5. EPR of uranium ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ursu, I.; Lupei, V.

    1984-02-01

    A review of the electron paramagnetic resonance data on the uranium ions is given. After a general account of the electronic structure of the uranium free atoms and ions, the influence of the external fields (magnetic field, crystal fields) is discussed. The main information obtained from EPR studies on the uranium ions in crystals are emphasized: identification of the valence and of the ground electronic state, determination of the structure of the centers, crystal field effects, role of the intermediate coupling and of the J-mixing, role of the covalency, determination of the nuclear spin, maqnetic dipole moment and electric quadrupole moment of the odd isotopes of uranium. These data emphasize the fact that the actinide group has its own identity and this is accutely manifested at the beginning of the 5fsup(n) series encompassed by the uranium ions. (authors)

  6. Uranium in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-09-01

    Canadian uranium exploration and development efforts in 1985 and 1986 resulted in a significant increase in estimates of measured uranium resources. New discoveries have more than made up for production during 1985 and 1986, and for the elimination of some resources from the overall estimates, due to the sustained upward pressure on production costs and the stagnation of uranium prices in real terms. Canada possesses a large portion of the world's uranium resources that are of current economic interest and remains the major focus of inter-national uranium exploration activity. Expenditures for uranium exploration in Canada in 1985 and 1986 were $32 million and $33 million, respectively. Although much lower than the $130 million total reported for 1979, expenditures for 1987 are forecast to increase. Exploration and surface development drilling in 1985 and 1986 were reported to be 183 000 m and 165σ2 000 m, respectively, 85 per cent of which was in Saskatchewan. Canada has maintained its position as the world's leading producer and exporter of uranium. By the year 2000, Canada's annual uranium requirements will be about 2 100 tU. Canada's known uranium resources are more than sufficient to meet the 30-year fuel requirements of those reactors in Canada that are either in operation now or expected to be in service by the late 1990s. A substantial portion of Canada's identified uranium resources is thus surplus to Canadian needs and available for export. Annual sales currently approach $1 billion, of which exports account for 85 per cent. Forward domestic and export contract commitments totalled 73 000 tU and 62 000 tU, respectively, as of early 1987

  7. Uranium rich granite and uranium productive granite in south China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mingyue, Feng; Debao, He [CNNC Key Laboratory of Uranium Resource Exploration and Evaluation Technology, Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology (China)

    2012-07-15

    The paper briefly introduces the differences between uranium rich granite and uranium productive granite in the 5 provinces of South China, and discusses their main characteristics in 4 aspects, the uranium productive granite is highly developed in fracture, very strong in alteration, often occurred as two-mica granite and regularly developed with intermediate-basic and acid dikes. The above characteristics distinguish the uranium productive granite from the uranium rich granite. (authors)

  8. Uranium rich granite and uranium productive granite in south China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feng Mingyue; He Debao

    2012-01-01

    The paper briefly introduces the differences between uranium rich granite and uranium productive granite in the 5 provinces of South China, and discusses their main characteristics in 4 aspects, the uranium productive granite is highly developed in fracture, very strong in alteration, often occurred as two-mica granite and regularly developed with intermediate-basic and acid dikes. The above characteristics distinguish the uranium productive granite from the uranium rich granite. (authors)

  9. Uranium and the fast reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Price, T.

    1982-01-01

    The influence of uranium availability upon the future of the fast reactor is reviewed. The important issues considered are uranium reserves and resources, uranium market prices, fast reactor economics and the political availability of uranium to customers in other countries. (U.K.)

  10. Konsep Desain Venakular Dalam Bentuk pagawéan barudak di Baduy-Dalam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Zaini Alif

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The term, Toys and Games in Inner Baduy society, are not familiar. They recognize them as Pagawéan Barudak. It is action using tools as media. The study was conducted in Inner Baduy, which focused on three villages, named Cibeo, Cikeusik and Cikartawana. The toys and games design in Baduy is a process of transmitting moral, and socialization skills. Its form is presented through the study of vernacular design, which explains how the value of the transmission processes. In the pagawean barudak, determination and obedience are delivered through skills (skills training in making, using it, obedience is delivered through the use of materials, forms, processes and the results of it. In the making process of the creation in pagawéan barudak portrays relationship of human being with the needs of surrounding nature. Then, those needs will be filled with rules, which are interconnected between them and the environment, emerging pikukuh and pitutur that must be followed in conducting all activity. Keyword: Design, Vernacular, Toys, Inner Baduy. Abstrak Istilah Mainan dan Permainan di masyarakat Baduy, tidak dikenal. Mereka menyebutnya Pagawéan Barudak, ini merupakan hasil kegiatan dengan menggunakan alat sebagai medianya. Penelitian dilakukan di Baduy,  difokuskan ke tiga kampung, yaitu Cibeo, Cikeusik dan Cikartawana. Desain Mainan dan permainan di Baduy, adalah proses  transmisi keterampilan, moral, dan sosialisasi. Bentuknya yang disajikan melalui studi desain vernakular yang akan menjelaskan bagaimana nilai dari proses transmisi itu berlangsung. Pada barudak  melakukanpagawean, keteguhan dan kepatuhan disampaikan melalui keterampilan (skill training dalam membuat, menggunakan  pagawean barudak, kepatuhan disampaikan melalui penggunaan bahan, bentuk, proses dan hasil pagawean barudak. Dalam proses pembuatan produk dalam bentuk pagawéan barudak adalah, hubungan manusia dengan kebutuhan alam sekitarnya. Kemudian, kebutuhan tersebut akan

  11. Uranium producers foresee new boom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McIntyre, H.

    1979-01-01

    The status of uranium production in Canada is reviewed. Uranium resources in Saskatchewan and Ontario are described and the role of the Cluff Lake inquiry in securing a government decision in favour of further uranium development is mentioned. There have been other uranium strikes near Kelowna, British Columbia and in the Northwest Territories. Increasing uranium demand and favourable prices are making the development of northern resources economically attractive. In fact, all uranium currently produced has been committed to domestic and export contracts so that there is considerable room for expanding the production of uranium in Canada. (T.I.)

  12. Uranium tipped ammunition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roche, P.

    1993-01-01

    During the uranium enrichment process required to make nuclear weapons or fuel, the concentration of the 'fissile' U-235 isotope has to be increased. What is left, depleted uranium, is about half as radioactive as natural uranium, but very dense and extremely hard. It is used in armour piercing shells. External radiation levels from depleted uranium (DU) are low. However DU is about as toxic as lead and could be harmful to the kidneys if eaten or inhaled. It is estimated that between 40 and 300 tonnes of depleted uranium were left behind by the Allied armies after the Gulf war. The biggest hazard would be from depleted uranium shells which have hit Iraqui armoured vehicles and the resulting dust inhaled. There is a possible link between depleted uranium shells and an illness known as 'Desert Storm Syndrome' occurring in some Gulf war veterans. As these shells are a toxic and radioactive hazard to health and the environment their use and testing should be stopped because of the risks to troops and those living near test firing ranges. (UK)

  13. US uranium market developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krusiewski, S.V.; Patterson, J.A.

    1980-01-01

    Domestic uranium delivery commitments have risen significantly since January 1979, with the bulk of deliveries scheduled after 1990. Much of the long-term procurement will be obtained from captive production. However, buyers have adjusted their delivery schedules in the near term, deferring some procurement to later years, including a portion of planned captive production. Under current commitments, US imports of foreign uranium in the 1981 to 1985 period will be greater than our exports of domestic uranium. The anticipated supply of domestic uranium through 1985 is clearly more than adequate to fill the probable US demand in the meantime, uranium producers are continuing their efforts to increase future domestic supply by their considerable investments in new or expanded mine and mill facilities. Since January 1980, average contract prices including market-price settlements, for 1980 uranium deliveries have increased slightly, but average market-price settlements made this year have decreased by several dollars. While the general trend of US uranium prices has been upward since we began reporting price data in 1973, some reductions in average prices for future deliveries appeared in 1980. The softening of prices for new procurement can be expected to be increasingly apparent in future surveys

  14. Uranium deposits in Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilpolt, R.H.; Simov, S.D.

    1979-01-01

    Africa is not only known for its spectacular diamond, gold, copper, chromium, platinum and phosphorus deposits but also for its uranium deposits. At least two uranium provinces can be distinguished - the southern, with the equatorial sub-province; and the south Saharan province. Uranium deposits are distributed either in cratons or in mobile belts, the first of sandstone and quartz-pebble conglomerate type, while those located in mobile belts are predominantly of vein and similar (disseminated) type. Uranium deposits occur within Precambrian rocks or in younger platform sediments, but close to the exposed Precambrian basement. The Proterozoic host rocks consist of sediments, metamorphics or granitoids. In contrast to Phanerozoic continental uranium-bearing sediments, those in the Precambrian are in marginal marine facies but they do contain organic material. The geology of Africa is briefly reviewed with the emphasis on those features which might control the distribution of uranium. The evolution of the African Platform is considered as a progressive reduction of its craton area which has been affected by three major Precambrian tectonic events. A short survey on the geology of known uranium deposits is made. However, some deposits and occurrences for which little published material is available are treated in more detail. (author)

  15. Uranium chemistry: significant advances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mazzanti, M.

    2011-01-01

    The author reviews recent progress in uranium chemistry achieved in CEA laboratories. Like its neighbors in the Mendeleev chart uranium undergoes hydrolysis, oxidation and disproportionation reactions which make the chemistry of these species in water highly complex. The study of the chemistry of uranium in an anhydrous medium has led to correlate the structural and electronic differences observed in the interaction of uranium(III) and the lanthanides(III) with nitrogen or sulfur molecules and the effectiveness of these molecules in An(III)/Ln(III) separation via liquid-liquid extraction. Recent work on the redox reactivity of trivalent uranium U(III) in an organic medium with molecules such as water or an azide ion (N 3 - ) in stoichiometric quantities, led to extremely interesting uranium aggregates particular those involved in actinide migration in the environment or in aggregation problems in the fuel processing cycle. Another significant advance was the discovery of a compound containing the uranyl ion with a degree of oxidation (V) UO 2 + , obtained by oxidation of uranium(III). Recently chemists have succeeded in blocking the disproportionation reaction of uranyl(V) and in stabilizing polymetallic complexes of uranyl(V), opening the way to to a systematic study of the reactivity and the electronic and magnetic properties of uranyl(V) compounds. (A.C.)

  16. Production of uranium dioxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hart, J.E.; Shuck, D.L.; Lyon, W.L.

    1977-01-01

    A continuous, four stage fluidized bed process for converting uranium hexafluoride (UF 6 ) to ceramic-grade uranium dioxide (UO 2 ) powder suitable for use in the manufacture of fuel pellets for nuclear reactors is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of first reacting UF 6 with steam in a first fluidized bed, preferably at about 550 0 C, to form solid intermediate reaction products UO 2 F 2 , U 3 O 8 and an off-gas including hydrogen fluoride (HF). The solid intermediate reaction products are conveyed to a second fluidized bed reactor at which the mol fraction of HF is controlled at low levels in order to prevent the formation of uranium tetrafluoride (UF 4 ). The first intermediate reaction products are reacted in the second fluidized bed with steam and hydrogen at a temperature of about 630 0 C. The second intermediate reaction product including uranium dioxide (UO 2 ) is conveyed to a third fluidized bed reactor and reacted with additional steam and hydrogen at a temperature of about 650 0 C producing a reaction product consisting essentially of uranium dioxide having an oxygen-uranium ratio of about 2 and a low residual fluoride content. This product is then conveyed to a fourth fluidized bed wherein a mixture of air and preheated nitrogen is introduced in order to further reduce the fluoride content of the UO 2 and increase the oxygen-uranium ratio to about 2.25

  17. Purification of uranium metal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suzuki, Kenji; Shikama, Tatsuo; Ochiai, Akira.

    1993-01-01

    We developed the system for purifying uranium metal and its metallic compounds and for growing highly pure uranium compounds to study their intrinsic physical properties. Uranium metal was zone refined under low contamination conditions as far as possible. The degree of the purity of uranium metal was examined by the conventional electrical resistivity measurement and by the chemical analysis using the inductive coupled plasma emission spectrometry (ICP). The results show that some metallic impurities evaporated by the r.f. heating and other usual metallic impurities moved to the end of a rod with a molten zone. Therefore, we conclude that the zone refining technique is much effective to the removal of metallic impurities and we obtained high purified uranium metal of 99.99% up with regarding to metallic impurities. The maximum residual resistivity ratio, the r.r.r., so far obtained was about 17-20. Using the purified uranium, we are attempting to grow a highly pure uranium-titanium single crystals. (author)

  18. Strong demand for natural uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kalinowski, P.

    1975-01-01

    The Deutsches Atomforum and the task group 'fuel elements' of the Kerntechnische Gesellschaft had organized an international two-day symposium in Mainz on natural uranium supply which was attended by 250 experts from 20 countries. The four main themes were: Demand for natural uranium, uranium deposits and uranium production, attitude of the uranium producing countries, and energy policy of the industrial nations. (orig./AK) [de

  19. The uranium equation in 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonny, J.; Fulton, M.

    1983-01-01

    The subject is discussed under the headings: comparison of world nuclear generating capacity forecasts; world uranium requirements; comparison of uranium production capability forecasts; supply and demand situation in 1990 and 1995; a perspective on the uranium equation (economic factors; development lead times as a factor affecting market stability; the influence of uncertainty; the uranium market in perspective; the uranium market in 1995). (U.K.)

  20. Uranium resource assessments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    The objective of this investigation is to examine what is generally known about uranium resources, what is subject to conjecture, how well do the explorers themselves understand the occurrence of uranium, and who are the various participants in the exploration process. From this we hope to reach a better understanding of the quality of uranium resource estimates as well as the nature of the exploration process. The underlying questions will remain unanswered. But given an inability to estimate precisely our uranium resources, how much do we really need to know. To answer this latter question, the various Department of Energy needs for uranium resource estimates are examined. This allows consideration of whether or not given the absence of more complete long-term supply data and the associated problems of uranium deliverability for the electric utility industry, we are now threatened with nuclear power plants eventually standing idle due to an unanticipated lack of fuel for their reactors. Obviously this is of some consequence to the government and energy consuming public. The report is organized into four parts. Section I evaluates the uranium resource data base and the various methodologies of resource assessment. Part II describes the manner in which a private company goes about exploring for uranium and the nature of its internal need for resource information. Part III examines the structure of the industry for the purpose of determining the character of the industry with respect to resource development. Part IV arrives at conclusions about the emerging pattern of industrial behavior with respect to uranium supply and the implications this has for coping with national energy issues

  1. DIFUSI INOVASI PEMBELAJARAN KONTEKSTUAL DALAM PENDIDIKAN KEWARGANEGARAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kokom Komalasari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Diffusing Innovation in Contextual Teaching-Learning of Civic Education. This study aimed to describe the implementation, constraints and resistance, and also factors that should be considered in diffusing contextual teaching-learning innovation. The studyemployed both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The population of this research was students of Junior High Schools in West Java with a sample consisting of 1004 students, and 16 civic education teachers who participated in Competence-based Inte­grated Training. The results show that the implementation of contextual teaching-learning in West Java fell into the category of average. Cooperation was the most frequently applied, while direct experience and authentic assessment were the least. There were constraints and resistance in implementing contextual teaching-learning related to teachers' competence, school climate, and cultural change. Therefore, factors of teachers, students, facilities, expenses, curriculum, school climate, parents and society should be taken into account. Abstrak: Difusi Inovasi Pembelajaran Kontekstual dalam Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan pelaksanaan, kendala, resistensi, serta faktor yang harus diperhatikan dalam difusi inovasi pembelajaran kontekstual. Proses penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif dengan pola "the dominant-less dominat design" dari Creswell. Pendekatan kuantitatif menggunakan survei dan pendekatan kualitatif menggunakan wawancara. Populasi penelitian adalah siswa SMP se-Jawa Barat dengan sampel 1.004 siswa dan 16 guru Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan yang telah mengikuti pelatihan ter­integrasi berbasis kompetensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pelaksanaan pembelajaran kontekstual di Jawa Barat termasuk kategori sedang/cukup. Kerjasama paling tinggi penerapannya, pengalaman langsung dan asesmen otentik paling rendah penerapannya. Terdapat kendala dan resistensi dalam pelaksanaan

  2. RENDAHNYA KOMITMEN DALAM PERKAWINAN SEBAGAI SEBAB PERCERAIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budhy Prianto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Belakangan ini angka perceraian baik tingkat nasional, regional Jawa Timur, maupun lokal Kota Malang sangat tinggi. Di wilayah Kota Malang, angka perceraian tertinggi terdapat di wilayah Kecamatan Kedungkandang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pemahaman akan makna dan tujuan perkawinan, sebab-sebab terjadinya perceraian, dan komitmen pasangan suami istri dalam mencapai tujuan perkawinan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan naturalistik dengan wawancara (depth interview sebagai metode pengumpulan data. Informan penelitian ditentukan secara snow ball di antara para janda dan duda di wilayah Kecamatan Kedungkandang yang bercerai pada sepanjang tahun 2012. Analisis dan intepretasi data merujuk pada enam langkah analisis sebagaimana dikemukakan Creswell. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar informan penelitian kurang memahami makna dan tujuan perkawinan. Berbagai hal yang dikemukakan sebagai penyebab perceraian, seperti ekonomi, kekerasan dalam rumah tangga (KDRT, perselingkuhan, dan sebagainya, sejatinya hanya merupakan pemicu, namun yang paling mendasar sebagai penyebab perceraian adalah tidak adanya komitmen antar masing-masing pasangan dalam mencapai tujuan perkawinan. Lately, the divorce rates both nationally and regionally East Java continues to increase. Similarly, what happened in the municipality of Malang, where the highest divorce rate is in the district Kedungkandang. This study aimed to describe the causes of divorce, and the couple’s commitment to achieve the goal of marriage. This study uses naturalistic approach with depth interviews as a method of data collection. The research informants were determined through snow ball methods among the widows and widowers in the district Kedungkandang who were divorced in the year 2012. Analysis and interpretation of data referring to the six-step analysis as presented by Creswell. The findings showed that most of the research informants do not understand the

  3. RENDAHNYA KOMITMEN DALAM PERKAWINAN SEBAGAI SEBAB PERCERAIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budhy Prianto

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakBelakangan ini angka perceraian baik tingkat nasional, regional Jawa Timur, maupun lokal Kota Malang sangat tinggi. Di wilayah Kota Malang, angka perceraian tertinggi terdapat di wilayah Kecamatan Kedungkandang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pemahaman akan makna dan tujuan perkawinan, sebab-sebab terjadinya perceraian, dan komitmen pasangan suami istri dalam mencapai tujuan perkawinan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan naturalistik dengan wawancara (depth interview sebagai metode pengumpulan data. Informan penelitian ditentukan secara snow ball di antara para janda dan duda di wilayah Kecamatan Kedungkandang yang bercerai pada sepanjang tahun 2012. Analisis dan intepretasi data merujuk pada enam langkah analisis sebagaimana dikemukakan Creswell. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar informan penelitian kurang memahami makna dan tujuan perkawinan. Berbagai hal yang dikemukakan sebagai penyebab perceraian, seperti ekonomi, kekerasan dalam rumah tangga (KDRT, perselingkuhan, dan sebagainya, sejatinya hanya merupakan pemicu, namun yang paling mendasar sebagai penyebab perceraian adalah tidak adanya komitmen antar masing-masing pasangan dalam mencapai tujuan perkawinan.AbstractLately, the divorce rates both nationally and regionally continues to increase. This is, what happened in the municipality of Malang, where the highest divorce rate is in the district Kedungkandang. This study aims to describe the causes of divorce, and the couple’s commitment to achieve the goal of marriage. This study uses naturalistic approach with depth interviews as a method of data collection. The research informants were determined through snow ball methods among the widows and widowers in the district Kedungkandang who were divorced in 2012. Analysis and interpretation of data refers to the six-step analysis as presented by Creswell. The findings show that most of the research informants do not understand the meaning and

  4. Doa daLam Tradisi Islam Jawa

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    Abdul Wahab Rosyidi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Doa etymologically means request something to God in certain ways. while some ulama define doa is a self statement presence to Allah the Almighty about our weakness, shortages, inabilities, and disgraces, then we ask Allah the Almighty in order the weaknesses, shortages, inabilities, and humiliations are removed and replaced with the strengths, capabilities and a high degree both in human sight and in Allah sight. In the theory needs said, that basically human beings need to feel safe (safety need, and the safety need leads to the two forms, namely: safety needs of life and safety needs of the property. Safety needs emerged as the most important requirement if psychology needs have been fullfilled. this behavior as reflected in the lives of Javanese who always do doa  in the form of slametan ceremony. Slametan aims to achieve slamet (safety, namely a condition in which the events will move smoothly to follow a predetermined path and will not happen misfortunes to just anyone.   Doa Secara etimologi artinya memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT dengan cara- cara tertentu. Sedangkan beberapa ulama mendefinisikan doa berarti pernyataan diri ke hadirat Allah SWT tentang kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan kita, kemudian kita memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT agar kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan ini diangkat dan digantikan dengan kelebihan, kemampuan serta derajat yang tinggi baik di sisi manusia maupun di sisi-Nya. Dalam teori kebutuhan dikatakan; bahwa pada dasarnya manusia membutuhkan rasa aman (safety need, dan rasa aman itu mengarah pada dua bentuk yakni kebutuhan keamanan jiwa dan keamanan harta. Kebutuhan rasa aman muncul sebagai kebutuhan yang paling penting kalau kebutuhan psikologis telah terpenuhi. Hal tersebut sebagaimana tercermin dalam perilaku hidup orang Jawa yang selalu melakukan Doa dalam bentuk upacara slametan. Slametan bertujuan untuk mencapai keadaan slamet, yaitu suatu keadaan dimana peristiwa

  5. MEMBANGUN KREATIVITAS SISWA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN INOVATIF

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    Harry Andheska

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Dalam pembelajaran menulis di sekolah, guru sering menemukan kendala dalam membangun kreativitas siswa. Pembelajaran yang dilakukan juga terkesan lebih monoton dengan minimnya pemanfaatan media pembelajaran yang sifatnya merangsang minat dan motivasi siswa dalam menulis. Padahal fungsi medtulia pembelajaran ini sangat membantu guru dalam membelajarkan kompetensi kebahasaan yang dipelajari, terutama menulis. Di samping itu, siswa yang belajar menulis juga seringkali sulit untuk memulai tulisan yang akan ditulisnya. Mereka cenderung kesulitan untuk memunculkan ide-ide yang akan dijadikan tulisan tersebut. Dalam hal ini, media sangat berperan dalam membantu siswa untuk memunculkan ide yang akan ditulis. Selain itu, media ini juga dapat membangun kreativitas siswa dalam mengembangkan tulisan dengan mengombinasi pengetahuan dan pengalaman yang dimiliki oleh siswa tersebut. Media-media pembelajaran yang sifatnya inovatif akan sangat membantu siswa untuk mengkonstuksi ulang pengetahuan yang ada dalam pikiran siswa menjadi bentuk yang lebih unik dan variatif dalam tulisan yang dihasilkan.

  6. KESIMPULAN DALAM PEMERIKSAAN KEPATUHAN YANG BERDIRI SENDIRI

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    Catharina Sri Kariningsih

    2015-07-01

    kepatuhan yang berdiri sendiri tersebut. Metodologi yang digunakan yaitu studi literatur, telaah LHP, pengumpulan data dan informasi melalui kuesioner dan wawancara, serta Focus Group Discussion dengan praktisi dan akademisi. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa faktor-faktor yang mendukung kualitas penarikan kesimpulan dalam pemeriksaan kepatuhan yang berdiri sendiri adalah tujuan, lingkup atau cakupan pemeriksaan, kriteria, materialitas, sampel dan bukti pemeriksaan. Studi ini mengusulkan bentuk kesimpulan yang mengacu pada ISSAI 4100 Compliance Audit Guidelines–For Audits Performed separately from the Audit of Financial Statements. KATA KUNCI Pemeriksaan kepatuhan, kesimpulan, ISSAI 4100

  7. IMAN DALAM PRIBADI MUSLIM: Sebuah Telaah Aksiologi

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    M. Djumransjah

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Talking about the issue of faith is the same as entering things that lie beyond the reach of reason. Faith is actually also a spiritual problem and develops with the power of ikhtiari. It touches the conscience and determines the quality in the value of taqwa. In human life and life, faith is priceless. Its value is expensive above all that is expensive, because it is a gift of God that is only accomplished through obedience. Obedience to God's rules is spiritual reflections to encourage people to love and obey the laws of God and His Messenger. The rules of God obeyed by man through the process of consciousness and freedom to assume responsibility are not entirely left to human freedom. To carry out the responsibilities well, God sent the Apostles to set an example and guide men to the right path, safe and secure. By observing human behavior in following orders and away from God's prohibitions will give the sense that humans are cultural beings. Because formed and developed into a personality occurs in the culture of society. In society human ethical values are the basis and size of which are the source of the orientation of norms.     Membicarakan masalah iman sama halnya dengan memasuki hal-hal yang terletak diluar jangkauan akal. Iman sebenarnya juga masalah rohaniah dan berkembang dengan daya ikhtiari. Dia menyentuh hati nurani dan menentukan kualitas dalam nilai taqwa. Dalam hidup dan kehidupan manusia, iman tidak ternilai harganya. Nilainya mahal di atas segala yang mahal, karena dia pemberian Allah yang hanya dicapai melalui ketaatan. Ketaatan kepada aturan-aturan Allah merupakan pantulan-patulan ruhani untuk mendorong orang mencintai dan mematuhi hukum-hukum Allah dan Rasul-Nya. Aturan-aturan Allah yang dipatuhi manusia melalui proses kesadaran dan kebebasan untuk memikul tanggung jawab, tidak sepenuhnya diserahkan kepada kebebasan manusia. Untuk melaksanakan tanggung jawab dengan baik, maka Allah mengutus para Rasul untuk memberi

  8. Membedah Relevansi dalam Iklan “WRP”

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    Neneng Nurjanah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: According to Sperber and Wilson, communication in advertisement is ostensive-inferential communication. This communication needs contextual effect and ostensive stimulus which was known to listener's (market segmentation. In WRP 6 day diet pack ad, advertising agency employs some contextual effect and ostensive stimulus to make listener interested and wanted to buy the product. To explore about the communication in WRP 6 day diet pack ad, this paper employs pragmatics method, especially relevance theory. Tanaka says that relevance theory serve comprehensive account to investigate speeches in order to get speaker meaning. The result of this research is advertising agency (speaker addressed this ad to middle high class women as market segmentation (listener. Advertising agency also employed some contextual effect such as body discourse, health discourse, and others diet program and also employed ostensive stimulus such as color and font size to make high relevance speech. Keywords: ostensive-inferencial communication; ostensive stimulus; constectual effect; theory of relevance Abstrak: Komunikasi dalam iklan menurut Sperber dan Wilson merupakan komunikasi ostensif-inferensial yang melibatkan efek kontekstual dan stimulus ostensive diketahui oleh kawan tuturnya (pangsa pasar. Begitu pula dengan iklan WRP 6 day diet pack, agensi iklan memanfaatkan efek kontekstual yang berada dalam benak pangsa pasarnya agar mereka tertarik dan membeli produk tersebut. Untuk mengeksplorasi bentuk komunikasi dalam iklan WRP 6 day diet pack, artikel ini memanfaatkan pendekatan pragmatik, khususnya teori relevansi. Teori relevansi menurut Tanaka menyediakan catatan yang paling komprehensif dalam menyelidiki tuturan berdasarkan makna penutur. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menyelisik relevansi iklan WRP 6 day diet pack. Adapun temuan yang diperoleh dari artikel ini adalah agensi iklan WRP 6 day diet pack menujukkan iklan tersebut kepada perempuan dewasa dari

  9. KONSEP MANAJEMEN PENGAWASAN DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsirin Samsirin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Sebuah lembaga pendidikan yang baik harus dikelola dengan manajemen yang baik pula. Salah satu bentuk manajemen yang harus dimiliki sebuah lembaga pendidikan yaitu manajemen pengawasan. Hal ini berfungsi untuk mengontrol kinerja tenaga yang berada dalam suatu lembaga tersebut. Akan tetapi mayoritas lembaga pendidikan, khususnya pendidikan Islam, belum menganggap manajemen pengawasan sebagai suatu hal yang penting sehingga banyak dari lembaga pendidikan Islam kurang teratur administrasinya. Padahal untuk mencapai suatu tujuan yang dikonsep di awal pembentukan suatu lembaga pendidikan banyak hal yang harus dikerjakan secara profesional. Di antara manfaat manajemen pengawasan ini ialah mengurangi tingkat kesalahan, terjadinya penyimpangan, serta memperkecil hambatan yang justru akan menghalangi proses lembaga mencapai tujuan yang dicanangkan.

  10. Psikologi Subjek Didik Dalam Pandangan Ibnu Sina

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    Hadini Hadini

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Understanding of child psychology course is a theme that is vital for an educational institution if he wants to achieve the ultimate goal of education. Without a deep understanding of these aspects will be able to make his way education becomes useless, or even can be fatal to a child's life. Because errors in the view of the subsidiary, it would be also wrong in the design or the design of learning, if the design is not in accordance with the spirit of education children of the educational process will be in vain. Currently it has a lot of studies about child psychology, but generally many of the studies referred to the West, while it is known that the empirical epistemology Western scientific, rationalist and positivist certainly be questioned. Therefore there is no other way but to be re-referred to the scientists were able to cover the gap of western methodology. In this case the name of Ibn Sina seems appropriate to refer to his thinking, which is due to its ability to successfully combine empirical dimension to the method of intuition. From search results found thoughts about the importance of child psychology, such as thinking about talent, and various inclinations such as the tendency of imitation, play and tendency to compete. Study of Ibn Sina that have for centuries turned out to be legitimized by modern studies of Educational Psychology at the moment. Pemahaman tentang psikologi anak tentu saja merupakan sebuah tema yang vital bagi sebuah lembaga pendidikan jika ia ingin mencapai sasaran akhir pendidikan. Tanpa pemahaman yang mendalam terhadap aspek ini akan bisa membuat jalannya pendidikan menjadi sia-sia, atau bahkan bisa berakibat fatal bagi kehidupan si anak. Sebab kesalahan dalam melihat entitas anak, maka akan bisa pula salah dalam desain atau dalam rancangan pembelajarannya, jika desain pendidikan tidak sesuai dengan jiwa anak tentu proses pendidikan akan sia-sia. Saat ini memang telah banyak kajian-kajian psikologi tentang

  11. Ragam Vegetasi dalam Puisi‐Puisi Palestina

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    Hindun Hindun

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Vegetasi Palestina adalah sekelompok tanaman yang tumbuh di bumi Palestina. Para penyair Palestina, melalui puisinya, mengemukakan beragam vegetasi yang tumbuh di Palestina sehingga menimbulkan permasalahan ragam vegetasi apa saja yang disebut dalam puisi dan apa fungsi penyebutannya? Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengungkap ragam vegetasi asli Palestina dalam puisi karya penyair Palestina. Teori yang dimanfaatkan adalah teori adab al-muqawamah, yang mengatakan bahwa karya sastra merupakan piranti perlawanan terhadap segala penjajah dalam bentuk kata sehingga karya sastra tersebut dapat menggugah semangat pembacanya untuk berjuang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ragam vegetasi Palestina adalah penanda keberadaan wilayah dan bangsa Palestina yang berarti bahwa ada tanah tempat tanaman itu tumbuh dan ada bangsa yang memanfaatkan tanaman itu dalam kehidupan mereka. Penyebutan ragam vegetasi Palestina itu menjadi simbol perlawanan bangsa Palestina terhadap penjajahan Israel yang menduduki tanah Palestina melalui aneksasi dan kolonialisasi. Puisi perlawanan ini merupakan sebuah upaya untuk membangkitkan kesadaran umat manusia di dunia, khususnya bangsa Palestina, untuk melawan segala bentuk penjajahan di muka bumi. Palestine’s vegetation is a group of plants growing in the Palestine’s soil. The Palestinian poets, through their poetries, explained the variety of plants growing in Palestine. Therefore, the research questions are what kinds of native plant growing in Palestine and why the Palestinian poets explain those plants in their poetries? The analysis theory is adab al-muqawamah meaning that literary work is an instrument to fight all forms of occupation and colonialism by using words to inspire the readers to fight. The result is that Palestine’s plant variety is a symbol of the presence of the region and the Palestinians, which means that there is a land where the plants grow and there is a nation that use the plants in their lives

  12. Diskursus Akhlak dalam Filsafat Mulla Sadra

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    Thuba Kermani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : In Mulla Sadra’s system of thought, the discussion of  philosophy of  moral (ethics, morality, the nature of morality and matters related, that is the soul (nafs and the spirit, is not a short discussion. All forms of action and the nature of malakah imprinted in the human psyche that will participate in the world hereafter. Therefore, some of the matters of the soul is a postulate of science of moral. Yet despite the differences in the ethics’s school of thoughts, it can be said that almost Muslim philosophers agree to the connection of moral with the perfection of soul. And the foundation of moral questions rests on the principle of perfection of the soul and the effects of the moral act. Without them, there will be no perfect rational and philosophical explanations of the good and bad character. However, in understanding how the process of perfection of the soul through moral acts, it is necessary to understand the perfection of the soul and make it a goal for human.Keywords : philosophy of moral, science of moral, theoretical reasoning, practical reasoning, intuition, meta-ethics. Abstrak : Dalam  struktur  pemikiran Mulla Sadra pembahasan  filsafat  akhlak,  akhlak,  sifat-sifat akhlak dan  hal yang berkaitan  dengannya,  yaitu  jiwa  (nafs dan ruh, bukan  pembahasan  yang  ringkas. Segala bentuk tindakan dan sifat malakah yang terpatri dalam jiwa manusia akan menyertainya di alam akhirat kelak. Oleh karena itu  sebagian  dari  persoalan-persoalan  jiwa  merupakan  postulat  ilmu  akhlak.  Namun  meskipun  terdapat perbedaan dalam aliran-aliran pemikiran filsafat akhlak, dapat dikatakan hampir semua filsuf Islam sepakat bahwa akhlak berkaitan dengan kesempurnaan jiwa. Dan fondasi persoalan-persoalan akhlak bersandar pada prinsip kesempurnaan jiwa dan pengaruh dari perbuatan akhlak. Tanpa hal itu, penjelasan rasional dan filosofis atas kebaikan dan keburukan akhlak tidak akan sempurna. Bagaimanapun

  13. KEJAHATAN TANPA KORBAN DALAM KEJAHATAN CYBERPORN

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    Eka Nugraha Putra

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Pornography has become one of the complicated problems in law enforcement. It is because of the spread which is so massive, so it is difficult to be overcome. Pornography, along with the existence of the internet, is another challenge for the law holders to eliminate it as a cyberporn crime (Pornography in internet which gives the massive impact. In the context of a crime, cyberporn can be categorized as one of the cyber crimes. However, the focus on the cyberporn as a cyber crime is only on the spreaders of pornography or someone who provides the pornography link in internet. Actually, there are people who download then spread it. In the chain after the first spreaders or the first link providers, it is interesting to investigate whether they are the agents or the victims. This problem can be analyzed by using crime without victim observation to see if they are really the victims or the agents. This article discusses if the cyberporn can be seen in the observation, and it also discusses who the real victims are in its massive spread. Thus, the policy of cyberporn crime prevention can be formulated.Indonesian Criminal SystemPornografi telah menjadi salah satu masalah yang pelik dalam penegakan hukum. Hal ini dikarenakan penyebarannya yang begitu masif, sehingga sulit dibendung. Pornografi dengan keberadaan internet pun telah menjadi tantangan tersendiri bagi penegak hukum untuk memberantasnya, sebagai sebuah kejahatan cyberporn (pornografi di internet memberikan dampak yang masif. Dalam konteks kejahatan cyberporn dapat dikategorikan sebagai salah satu cyber crime (kejahatan siber. Namun fokus pada cyberporn sebagai salah satu cyber crime hanyalah pada pelaku penyebar pornografi atau yang menyediakan link pornografi di internet, sementara ada juga sisi pihak yang mengunduh dan kemudian menyebarkannya. Pada rantai setelah penyebar pertama atau penyedia link pertama patut dan menarik untuk dikaji apakah mereka adalah pelaku atau justru korban

  14. KARAKTER ATRAKTIF DALAM PERANCANGAN TAMAN PETUALANGAN ANAK

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    Renata Heryawati Hess

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Learning by adventural games has strongly built in self confidence, emotion defensibility, teamwork, creativity and fast in making decision, leadership, are the effective education system if started as soon as possible. That is in child growing period. The challenge and pleasant caracters, these games need the attractive and dynamic performance buildings. By research and design cooperation between supervisor and the final studio student by the title " Psychological Approach in Building Design: Adventure Park for Kids Case Study", funded by the PHK A-3 Dikti, the performance criteria have been found for design reference. The research has used deductive-inductive method by phenomenology approach to the number of the relevant case studies. By inductive analysis method have found the architectural performance criteria of attractive, safety and dynamic building both cognitive, affective, and psychomotoric consideration. The organic and variative elevation of room and building form, kid's scale and room dimension, warm polychromatic colour compotition, maximalize vegetation and water for landscape, rough texture and circle circulation pattern, strong construction, are the findings for accommodating safety, pleasant, imajinative, and natural building image. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pembelajaran melalui permainan yang mengandung tantangan dan petualangan membangun karakter kuat dalam hal percaya diri, ketahanan emosi, kerjasama, kecermatan, kecepatan dan kreativitas dalam mengambil keputusan, kepemimpinan, serta sejumlah motivasi lain yang secara prinsip bersifat psikologis. Pendidikan ini bersifat efektif apabila dimulai sedini mungkin, yaitu dari masa anak. Karakternya yang menantang dan menyenangkan, permainan ini menuntut wadah, bangunan, yang dinamis dan atraktif. Bagaimana tolok ukur ungkapan bangunan yang atraktif dan dinamis merupakan arah yang dituju tulisan ini. Melalui penelitian terpadu antara dosen pembimbing dan mahasiswa peserta

  15. Efektivitas Organisasi Zakat dalam Pemberdayaan Ekonomi

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    M Dzikron AM

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengelolaan zakat maal oleh lembaga amilin memiliki sasaran untuk pemberdayaan ekonomi kepada masyarakat. Dalam rangka mengevaluasi efektivitas pencapaian sasaran, maka penilaian kinerja organisasi menjadi penting terutama kepada lembaga yang memanfaatkan dana publik (ZIS. Organisasi pengelola ZIS sebagai bagian dari sistem sosial harus bertanggung jawab untuk melakukan manajerial sesuai misi yang diembannya. Sejalan dengan alasan diatas, keberadaan lembaga pengelola zakat di wilayah kerja Bandung dan se-Jawa Barat perlu dievaluasi terhadap parameter efektivitas organisasi (Organizational Effectiveness. Sehingga dapat diketahui efektivitas pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan dana yang diperolehnya.

  16. Urgensi Tauhid dalam Membangun Epistemologi Islam

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    Bambang Irawan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The reform efforts undertaken by contemporary Muslim thinkers have so far not been able to alter significantly the presence of Muslim which seems in the shadow of western progress in the context of science. This condition is due to the effect of undermining of Western thought through their epistemology packaging. Of course, we cannot blame the West as they have their own paradigm which is different with the Islamic paradigm in developing knowledge. Accordingly, the questions arise: why Muslim scholars are not working hard to build an epistemology that carries the message of monotheism; why they are hurry to accept the truth of Western epistemology without a fundamental review on revelation, so they become loyal followers of Western theories and concepts. Thus, the greatest challenge for Muslim scientists today is how to find a comprehensive formulation of the various theories of knowledge that can be accepted by all people, so that Islamic science is not only free from the shadow of imperialism of Western epistemology, but is able to reflect in a concrete concept of Islam as ‘rahmatan lil ‘alamin’. This paper seeks to reorient the meaning of monotheism in the development epistemology of science which is featured with theocentric-humanism, that is, in addition to spiritual oriented (tawhid it is also able to accommodate the interests of human beings (amal.Dalam konteks ilmu pengetahuan, upaya reformasi yang dilakukan oleh pemikir Muslim kontemporer sejauh ini belum mampu mengubah secara signifikan bayang-bayang kemajuan Barat. Kondisi ini disebabkan oleh efek pemikiran Barat yang dikemas dalam epistemologi mereka. Tentu saja, kita tidak bisa menyalahkan Barat karena mereka memiliki paradigma dan tolok ukur sendiri yang berbeda dengan paradigma Islam dalam mengembangkan ilmu pengetahuan. Dengan demikian, pertanyaan yang muncul, mengapa sarjana Muslim tidak bekerja keras untuk membangun sebuah epistemologi yang membawa pesan tauhid, mengapa

  17. Vacuum fusion of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stohr, J.A.

    1957-01-01

    After having outlined that vacuum fusion and moulding of uranium and of its alloys have some technical and economic benefits (vacuum operations avoid uranium oxidation and result in some purification; precision moulding avoids machining, chip production and chemical reprocessing of these chips; direct production of the desired shape is possible by precision moulding), this report presents the uranium fusion unit (its low pressure enclosure and pumping device, the crucible-mould assembly, and the MF supply device). The author describes the different steps of cast production, and briefly comments the obtained results

  18. Depleted uranium management alternatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hertzler, T.J.; Nishimoto, D.D.

    1994-08-01

    This report evaluates two management alternatives for Department of Energy depleted uranium: continued storage as uranium hexafluoride, and conversion to uranium metal and fabrication to shielding for spent nuclear fuel containers. The results will be used to compare the costs with other alternatives, such as disposal. Cost estimates for the continued storage alternative are based on a life-cycle of 27 years through the year 2020. Cost estimates for the recycle alternative are based on existing conversion process costs and Capital costs for fabricating the containers. Additionally, the recycle alternative accounts for costs associated with intermediate product resale and secondary waste disposal for materials generated during the conversion process.

  19. Uranium absorption study pile

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raievski, V.; Sautiez, B.

    1959-01-01

    The report describes a pile designed to measure the absorption of fuel slugs. The pile is of graphite and comprises a central section composed of uranium rods in a regular lattice. RaBe sources and BF 3 counters are situated on either side of the center. A given uranium charge is compared with a specimen charge of about 560 kg, and the difference in absorption between the two noted. The sensitivity of the equipment will detect absorption variations of about a few ppm boron (10 -6 boron per gr. of uranium) or better. (author) [fr

  20. The politics of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moss, N.

    1981-01-01

    The subject is covered in chapters, entitled: what God hath joined (historical and technical summary of the atomic bomb project and the post-war attempt at international control of atomic energy); finding uranium and using it; atoms for peace; nuclear optimists (development of nuclear power); the Treaty brake (Non-Proliferation Treaty); bending the rules; plowshares and swords; the club and the gambler (uranium production industry); turnabout (government policies); the uranium cycle; nuclear conflict; tiger in the nursery (radiation hazards; nuclear controversy); breaking the rules (proliferation); new answers, old questions. (U.K.)

  1. Uranium thiolate complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leverd, Pascal C.

    1994-01-01

    This research thesis proposes a new approach to the chemistry of uranium thiolate complexes as these compounds are very promising for various uses (in bio-inorganic chemistry, in some industrial processes like oil desulphurization). It more particularly addresses the U-S bond or more generally bonds between polarizable materials and hard metals. The author thus reports the study of uranium organometallic thiolates (tricyclo-penta-dienic and mono-cyclo-octa-tetraenylic complexes), and of uranium homoleptic thiolates (tetra-thiolate complexes, hexa-thiolate complexes, reactivity of homoleptic thiolate complexes) [fr

  2. Uranium mining and milling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Floeter, W.

    1976-01-01

    In this report uranium mining and milling are reviewed. The fuel cycle, different types of uranium geological deposits, blending of ores, open cast and underground mining, the mining cost and radiation protection in mines are treated in the first part of this report. In the second part, the milling of uranium ores is treated, including process technology, acid and alkaline leaching, process design for physical and chemical treatment of the ores, and the cost. Each chapter is clarified by added figures, diagrams, tables, and flowsheets. (HK) [de

  3. Depleted uranium management alternatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hertzler, T.J.; Nishimoto, D.D.

    1994-08-01

    This report evaluates two management alternatives for Department of Energy depleted uranium: continued storage as uranium hexafluoride, and conversion to uranium metal and fabrication to shielding for spent nuclear fuel containers. The results will be used to compare the costs with other alternatives, such as disposal. Cost estimates for the continued storage alternative are based on a life-cycle of 27 years through the year 2020. Cost estimates for the recycle alternative are based on existing conversion process costs and Capital costs for fabricating the containers. Additionally, the recycle alternative accounts for costs associated with intermediate product resale and secondary waste disposal for materials generated during the conversion process

  4. PERAN SERTA MASYARAKAT PEMANFAAT PESISIR DALAM PENGELOLAAN WILAYAH PESISIR TELUK AMBON DALAM

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    Lilian Sarah Hiariey

    2013-09-01

    , while the age factor does not play a significant role in distinguishing the level of public participation. Strategy is obtained by using the concept of co-management in which the public has sufficient authority in the management and accomandabed of the interests of the community in the management process. Wilayah Teluk Ambon Dalam (TAD merupakan wilayah pesisir dengan berbagai kegiatan seperti perikanan, industri, pelabuhan, dan ekonomi (pasar. Kompleksitas kegiatan pemanfaatan pesisir mendorong terjadinya degradasi kerusakan dan pencemaran pesisir. Kondisi ini mendorong perlunya peran serta masyarakat dalam pengelolaan wilayah pesisir. Penelitian dilakukan untuk menganalisa tingkat kepentingan masyarakat terhadap kegiatan pemanfaatan pesisir dan faktor-faktor yang membedakan tingkat peran serta masyarakat sehingga diketahui konsep model peran serta masyarakat pemanfaat pesisir dalam pengelolaan wilayah pesisir. Populasi penelitian adalah masyarakat yang tinggal di kawasan TAD yang memanfaatkan lahan pesisir secara teratur untuk kegiatan atau usahanya. Sampel yaitu individu yang menjadi pelaku, terlibat dan berperan secara langsung dalam kegiatan pemanfaatan di wilayah pesisir TAD. Penentuan sampel dengan cara proporsional. Analisis yang dilakukan dalam penelitian adalah analisis responden, untuk mengetahui tingkat kepentingan masyarakat terhadap kegiatan pemanfaatan pesisir dengan menggunakan analisis deskriptif, analisis faktor-faktor yang membedakan tingkat peran serta masyarakat dengan menggunakan analisis diskriminan, dan analisis strategi pengelolaan wilayah pesisir dengan mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor kekuatan, kelemahan, peluang, dan ancaman (SWOT pada wilayah pesisir TAD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kegiatan pemanfaatan di pesisir TAD memiliki tingkat kepentingan yang tinggi yang ditunjukkan dengan besarnya pengaruh kegiatan pemanfaatan terhadap aktivitas ekonomi masyarakat. Dampak terhadap sumber daya pesisir akibat kegiatan pemanfaatan yang tidak

  5. PERSAMAAN PERLAKUAN PARA PIHAK DALAM BERACARA DI KPPU DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ACARA PERADILAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Sari

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The title of this research is: “The Equal Trearment of Parties in the Proceedings of the Business Competition Dupervisory Commission in the Perspective of Indonesia Procedural Law Courts. The Right to equal treatment also contains in the principle of hearing the opinions or arguments of other parties before the judge handed down the verdict; it must be carried out in the litigation. The unequal position of the parties in the hearing of the Business Competition Supervisory Commission will cause problems in seeking justice. What is the position of decision of the Business Competition Supervisory Commission in terms of the legal system of justice in Indonesia ?; and What is the legal protection against the reported party, when he/she is not getting the right to equality of treatment in the proceedings in the KPPU?. The research was a normative legal research that consisted of research on the systeamtics of law, the synchronization of law, legal history. Which resulted from the confict of law governing the legal status of the KPPU decision; and the void of law in the way of the litingants in the litigation procedure of KPPU. The results of this research showed that (1 The Legal position of Business Competition Supervisory Commission’s decision in the law of court procedure is that the decision of KPPU as a quasi judicial decision of which the law procedure is made on its own that is called Case Handing Procedures at the KPPU; in addition to the Law of Civil Procedure Code. (2 The from of legal protection for businesses as the reported party could be sacrificed because of the absence of clear rules regarding the from of the formulation of legal protection in the proceedings of the on the unequality of treatment of the reported party. Judul penelitian ini adalah: “Persamaan Perlakuan Para Pihak Dalam Beracara Di KPPU Dalam Perspektif Hukum Acara Peradilan Indonesia. Hak atas perlakuan yang sama  mengandung prinsip mendengarkan juga pendapat

  6. Possible uranium sources of Streltsovsky uranium ore field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Lisheng

    2005-01-01

    The uranium deposit of the Late Jurassic Streltsovaky caldera in Transbaikalia of Russia is the largest uranium field associated with volcanics in the world, its uranium reserves are 280 000 t U, and it is the largest uranium resources in Russia. About one third of the caldera stratigraphic pile consists of strongly-altered rhyolites. Uranium resources of the Streltsovsky caldera are much larger than any other volcanic-related uranium districts in the world. Besides, the efficiency of hydrothermal alteration, uranium resources appear to result from the juxtaposition of two major uranium sources; highly fractionated peralkaline rhyolites of Jurassic age in the caldera, and U-rich subalkaline granites of Variscan age in the basement in which the major uranium-bearing accessory minerals were metamict at the time of the hydrothermal ore formation. (authors)

  7. Analisa Kalimat Ergatif dalam Tajuk Berita Detik.com

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handoko Handoko

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan analisis terhadap penggunaan kalimat ergatif dalam tajuk berita Detik.com. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan melakukan metode simak terhadap penggunaan kalimat ergatif dalam tajuk berita Detik.com. Data kemudian dianalis dengan menggunakan pendekan sitaksis menggunakan teori Goverment and Binding (Chomsky 1981. Hasil analysis terhadap penggunaan kalimat ergatif menujukkan bahwa penggunaan kalimat ergatif  bukanlah penambahan afiks atau penggunaan leksikal tertentu, tapi adalah perlakuan FN S sama dengan FN O dan berbeda dengan FN A dengan pivot S/O. Penggunaan kalimat ergatif dalam tajuk berita bertujuan untuk mengedepankan atau menekankan peran objek sebagai inti kalimat.

  8. KONTRIBUSI KONSELOR DALAM MEMBENTUK KARAKTER PESERTA DIDIK SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Slamet Kusmanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan model Pendidikan Holistik Berbasis Karakter, yang memfokuskan pada pembentukan seluruh aspek dimensi manusia, sehingga dapat menjadi manusia yang berkarakter. Kurikulum Holistik Berbasis Karakter ini disusun berdasarkan Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (KBK dan diterapkan dengan menggunakan pendekatan Student Active Learning, Integrated Learning, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Contextual Learning, Collaborative Learning, dan Multiple Intelligences yang semuanya dapat menciptakan suasana belajar yang efektif dan menyenangkan, serta dapat mengembangkan seluruh aspek dimensi manusia secara holistik. Maka diperlukan peran yang sangat besar dari guru pembimbing (konselor SMA dalam mengembangkan potensi peserta didiknya dalam mengembangkan potensinya dan membentuk karakter individu itu sendiri dan memberikan warna positif dalam suasana pembelajaran.

  9. PENERAPAN BLENDED-PROBLEM BASED LEARNING DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Agus Triyanto

    2016-07-01

    Biologi abad 21 merupakan integrasi dan mengintegrasikan kembali sub disiplin ilmu biologi, serta integrasi biologi dengan disiplin ilmu lain untuk mengatasi permasalahan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penerapan Blended-Problem Based Learning, aktivitas belajar, dan respon siswa dalam pembelajaran biologi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survei dengan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Data hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas positif siswa dalam pembelajaran memuaskan, sedangkan respon siswa baik terhadap pembelajaran. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, disimpulkan bahwa Blended-Problem Based Learning dapat diterapkan dan diterima sebagai model dalam pembelajaran.

  10. Keterlibatan Bank Syariah Dalam Aplikasi Perdagangan Foreign Exchange (FOREX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Wahab

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Bank pada hakikatnya adalah lembaga intermediasi antara penabung dan investor, tak terkecuali Bank Syariah. Namun Bank Syariah harus patuh dan tunduk kepada ketentuan-ketentuan syariah yang berlandaskan Al Qur’an dan As Sunnah. Bank Syariah diharapkan terus melakukan inovasi-inovasi dalam produknya, terutama dalam bidang jasa-jasa, seperti perdagangan valuta asing, karena jasa foreign exchange ini belum banyak mendapatkan perhatian dari elemen Bank Shariah dalam penciptaan inovasi produk. Diharapkan dengan inovasi produk valuta asing dapat memberikan kontribusi yang signifikan bagi kinerja Bank Shariah di Indonesia.

  11. PELAKSANAAN KEWENANGAN KEPALA DAERAH DALAM PENENTUAN MUTASI PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL DALAM JABATAN STRUKTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adia Ferizko

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak                   :            Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan kewenangan bupati dalam menentukan mutasi PNS dalam jababtan structural di lingkungan Kabupaten Rokan Hilir . Metode dalam melakukan penelitian ini adalah penelitian hukum empiris . Sebagai data utama adalah data primer , yaitu data yang langsung diperoleh dari sumber dan wawancara dan didukung oleh data sekunder. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis kualitatif . Dalam menarik kesimpulan, penelitian ini menggunakan metode penalaran induktif , berdasarkan contoh khusus untuk mencapai kesimpulan umum tentang sesuatu.  Hasil penelitian ini adalah kewenangan bupati dalam menentukan mutasi PNS dalam jababtan struktural di lingkungan Kabupaten Rokan Hilir .telah dilakukan dengan baik meskipun ada beberapa kasus mutasi tercemar dengan alasan politik atau balas jasa , tapi masih sesuai dengan hukum. Kata Kunci        :    Pelaksanaan kewenangan, penentu mutasi Abstract               :    The aim of this research paper is to find out the regent’s authority implementation in deciding structural-rank civil servant officers mutation in Rokan Hilir regency administration. The method in conducting this research paper is empirical legal research. As the main data is primary data, namely data directly gained from source and interview and supported by secondary data. This research paper uses qualitative analytical method. In drawing conclusion, this research paper uses inductive reasoning method, based on particular examples to reach a general conclusion about something. The result of this research paper is the regent’s authority in deciding structural-rank civil servant officers mutation in Rokan Hilir regency administration has been carried out well although there are some mutation cases tainted with political or logrolling reason, but it’s still in line with the law.  Keyword     

  12. Uranium and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1975-01-01

    Basic principles and definitions of reactor technology, biological radiation effects in man, and radioactive wastes are outlined. An argument is presented against Australia exploiting its uranium resources. (R.L.)

  13. Uranium hexafluoride purification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Araujo, Eneas F. de

    1986-01-01

    Uranium hexafluoride might contain a large amount of impurities after manufacturing or handling. Three usual methods of purification of uranium hexafluoride were presented: selective sorption, sublimation, and distillation. Since uranium hexafluoride usually is contaminated with hydrogen fluoride, a theoretical study of the phase equilibrium properties was performed for the binary system UF 6 -HF. A large deviation from the ideal solution behaviour was observed. A purification unity based on a constant reflux batch distillation process was developed. A procedure was established in order to design the re boiler, condenser and packed columns for the UF 6 -HF mixture separation. A bench scale facility for fractional distillation of uranium hexafluoride was described. Basic operations for that facility and results extracted from several batches were discussed. (author)

  14. Uranium dioxide pellets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zawidzki, T.W.

    1982-01-01

    A process for the preparation of a sintered, high density, large crystal grain size uranium dioxide pellet is described which involves: (i) reacting a uranyl nitrate of formula UO 2 (NO 3 ) 2 .6H 2 O with a sulphur source, at a temperature of from about 300 deg. C to provide a sulphur-containing uranium trioxide; (ii) reacting the thus-obtained modified uranium trioxide with ammonium nitrate to form an insoluble sulphur-containing ammonium uranate; (iii) neutralizing the thus-formed slurry with ammonium hydroxide to precipitate out as an insoluble ammonium uranate the remaining dissolved uranium; (iv) recovering the thus-formed precipitates in a dry state; (v) reducing the dry precipitate to UO 2 , and forming it into 'green' pellets; and (vi) sintering the pellets in a hydrogen atmosphere at an elevated temperature

  15. Uranium market activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patterson, J.A.

    1975-01-01

    Results are summarized from the 1974 ERDA annual survey of buyers and sellers and from a survey of uranium price data which provided information on additional domestic buying activity during the first half of 1975 through 1982

  16. Heap leaching for uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-01-01

    Denison Mines Ltd. is using two bacterial leaching processes to combat the high cost of extracting uranium from low grade ore in thin reefs. Both processes use thiobacillus ferro-oxidans, a bacterium that employs the oxidation of ferrous iron and sulphur as its source of energy for growth. The first method is flood leaching, in which ore is subjected to successive flood, drain and rest cycles. The second, trickle leaching, uses sprinklers to douse the broken muck continuously with leaching solution. In areas where grades are too low to justify the expense of hauling the ore to the surface, the company is using this biological process underground to recover uranium. In 1987 Denison recovered 840 000 lb of uranium through bacterial heap leaching. It plans to have biological in-place leaching contribute 25% of the total uranium production by 1990. (fig.)

  17. Uranium purchases report 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    Data reported by domestic nuclear utility companies in their responses to the 1991 through 1993 ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey,'' Form EIA-858, Schedule B,'' Uranium Marketing Activities,'' are provided in response to the requirements in the Energy Policy Act 1992. Appendix A contains an explanation of Form EIA-858 survey methodologies with emphasis on the processing of Schedule B data. Additional information published in this report not included in Uranium Purchases Report 1992, includes a new data table. Presented in Table 1 are US utility purchases of uranium and enrichment services by origin country. Also, this report contains additional purchase information covering average price and contract duration. Table 2 is an update of Table 1 and Table 3 is an update of Table 2 from the previous year's report. The report contains a glossary of terms

  18. Uranium in alkaline rocks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murphy, M.; Wollenberg, H.; Strisower, B.; Bowman, H.; Flexser, S.; Carmichael, I.

    1978-04-01

    Geologic and geochemical criteria were developed for the occurrence of economic uranium deposits in alkaline igneous rocks. A literature search, a limited chemical analytical program, and visits to three prominent alkaline-rock localities (Ilimaussaq, Greenland; Pocos de Caldas, Brazil; and Powderhorn, Colorado) were made to establish criteria to determine if a site had some uranium resource potential. From the literature, four alkaline-intrusive occurrences of differing character were identified as type-localities for uranium mineralization, and the important aspects of these localities were described. These characteristics were used to categorize and evaluate U.S. occurrences. The literature search disclosed 69 U.S. sites, encompassing nepheline syenite, alkaline granite, and carbonatite. It was possible to compare two-thirds of these sites to the type localities. A ranking system identified ten of the sites as most likely to have uranium resource potential

  19. Uranium in granites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maurice, Y.T.

    1982-01-01

    Recent research activities of the Canadian Uranium in Granites Study are presented in 18 papers and 3 abstracts. 'Granites' is used as a generic term for granitoids, granitic rocks, and plutonic rocks

  20. Uranium Research in Senegal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kanouté, Mamadou

    2015-01-01

    The work of mining companies have so far not proved economic uranium resources, but they have nevertheless contributed greatly to a better understanding of the geology, particularly in Eastern Senegal, on the upper Precambrian basin including which equivalents exist throughout West Africa (the uranium belt of Zaire) prospected by CEA-COGEMA teams. The researches carried out in Senegal, but also in Guinea and Mali helped establish a detailed map and understand the course of geological history. With new exploration techniques and data of airborne geophysical (radiometric) provided by the Mining Sector Support Programme (PASMI 9th EDF 9 ACP SE 09), AREVA, at the end of the first period validity of the exploration permit increased significantly, the resources. Prospects are favorable to a doubling of resources; objective of a uranium mine in Senegal. Synergies are possible and desirable with joint exploitation of uranium deposits located in Mali, near the border with Senegal.

  1. Uranium industry seminar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    The tenth annual Uranium Industry Seminar, sponsored by the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Grand Junction Office, was held in Grand Junction, Colorado, on October 22 and 23, 1980. There were 700 registered attendees as compared to 833 attending the previous year. The attendees were drawn largely from uranium and other energy resource companies, electric utility firms, energy consultants and service companies, and governmental agencies. In addition, there were representatives present from Indian tribes, universities, the media, DOE laboratories, and foreign countries and organizations. There were 14 papers presented at the seminar by speakers from the Department of Energy, US Geological Survey, and Bendix Field Engineering Corporation which is the on-site prime contractor for DOE's Grand Junction Office. The topics the papers dealt with were uranium policies, exploration, respources, supply, enrichment, and market conditions. There also were papers describing the National Uranium Resource Evaluation program and international activities. All 14 papers in this Proceedings have been abstracted and indexed

  2. Uranium in South Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ford, M.A.

    1993-01-01

    The history, sources, mineralogy, extraction metallurgy, conversion, and enrichment of uranium in South Africa is reviewed. Over the past 40 years extraction plants were built at 27 sites, and over 140 kt of uranium have been produced. Older plants have had to adapt to changing market conditions, no single technology has had the opportunity to become entrenched, and the costs have been reduced to a third of those of the original flowsheet. The research efforts aimed at developing the country's nuclear raw materials have been particularly rewarding, as they have enabled South Africa to become a world leader in the extraction of uranium from low-grade ores and to develop methods for uranium enrichment and the production of nuclear fuels. 43 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs

  3. Ontario's uranium mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Runnalls, O.J.C.

    1981-01-01

    This report traces the Ontario uranium mining industry from the first discovery of uranium north of Sault Ste. Marie through the uranium boom of the 1950's when Elliot Lake and Bancroft were developed, the cutbacks of the 1960s, the renewed enthusiasm in exploration and development of the 1970s to the current position when continued production for the domestic market is assured. Ontario, with developed mines and operational expertise, will be in a position to compete for export markets as they reopen. The low level of expenditures for uranium exploration and the lack of new discoveries are noted. The report also reviews and places in perspective the development of policies and regulations governing the industry and the jurisdictional relationships of the Federal and Provincial governments

  4. Uranium dioxide. Sintering test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    Description of a sintering method and of the equipment devoted to uranium dioxide powder caracterization and comparison between different samples. Determination of the curve giving specific volume versus pressure and micrographic examination of a pellet at medium pressure [fr

  5. Uranium in alkaline rocks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, M.; Wollenberg, H.; Strisower, B.; Bowman, H.; Flexser, S.; Carmichael, I.

    1978-04-01

    Geologic and geochemical criteria were developed for the occurrence of economic uranium deposits in alkaline igneous rocks. A literature search, a limited chemical analytical program, and visits to three prominent alkaline-rock localities (Ilimaussaq, Greenland; Pocos de Caldas, Brazil; and Powderhorn, Colorado) were made to establish criteria to determine if a site had some uranium resource potential. From the literature, four alkaline-intrusive occurrences of differing character were identified as type-localities for uranium mineralization, and the important aspects of these localities were described. These characteristics were used to categorize and evaluate U.S. occurrences. The literature search disclosed 69 U.S. sites, encompassing nepheline syenite, alkaline granite, and carbonatite. It was possible to compare two-thirds of these sites to the type localities. A ranking system identified ten of the sites as most likely to have uranium resource potential.

  6. The uranium market prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lloyd, R.

    1981-01-01

    A historical analysis of the uranium market points out the cyclical nature of the market and suggests that the spot price, exploration levels, and mill capacity utilization rate are dependent on economic factors. An examination of the current uranium market suggests that the effects of the forecasted surplus supply, the diminishing returns in exploration and the long lead times and high costs of development may mean that future production levels are uncertain. The general prospects for the uranium industry are also uncertain because of barriers to trade, environmental regulations and public opinion. The paper concludes that by the use of long term contracts, appropriate inventory policy and greater discussion between producers and consumers the prospects for the uranium market can be made more certain and further imbalances in demand and supply can be avoided. (author)

  7. Uranium industry seminar: proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    The eleventh annual Uranium Industry Seminar, sponsored by the Grand Junction Area Office of the US Department of Energy (DOE), was held in Grand Junction, Colorado, on October 21 and 22, 1981. There were 491 registered attendees as compared to 700 attending the previous year. The attendees were largely from uranium and other energy resource companies, electric utility firms, energy consultants and service companies, and governmental agencies. In addition, there were representatives present from Indian tribes, universities, the media, DOE laboratories, and foreign countries and organizations. Papers presented at the seminar dealt with uranium policies, exploration, resources, supply, enrichment, and market conditions. There also were papers on the National Uranium Resource Evaluation Program and international activities. Thirteen papers included in this report have been abstracted and indexed

  8. Internal friction in uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Selle, J.E.

    1975-01-01

    Results are presented of studies conducted to relate internal friction measurements in U to allotropic transformations. It was found that several internal friction peaks occur in α-uranium whose magnitude changed drastically after annealing in the β phase. All of the allotropic transformations in uranium are diffusional in nature under slow heating and cooling conditions. Creep at regions of high stress concentration appears to be responsible for high temperature internal friction in α-uranium. The activation energy for grain boundary relaxation in α-uranium was found to be 65.1 +- 4 kcal/mole. Impurity atoms interfere with the basic mechanism for grain boundary relaxation resulting in a distribution in activation energies. A considerable distribution in ln tau 0 was also found which is a measure of the distribution in local order and in the Debye frequency around a grain boundary

  9. Uranium Location Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — A GIS compiled locational database in Microsoft Access of ~15,000 mines with uranium occurrence or production, primarily in the western United States. The metadata...

  10. Uranium - the plain facts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technical, political, environmental and sociological aspects are discussed under the headings: mining; milling; dangers (particularly, radiation hazards); human sacrifice; Namibia; future of uranium; what you can do. (U.K.)

  11. Uranium in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    In 1988 Canada's five uranium producers reported output of concentrate containing a record 12,470 metric tons of uranium (tU), or about one third of total Western world production. Shipments exceeded 13,200 tU, valued at $Cdn 1.1 billion. Most of Canada's uranium output is available for export for peaceful purposes, as domestic requirements represent about 15 percent of production. The six uranium marketers signed new sales contracts for over 11,000 tU, mostly destined for the United States. Annual exports peaked in 1987 at 12,790 tU, falling back to 10,430 tU in 1988. Forward domestic and export contract commitments were more than 70,000 tU and 60,000 tU, respectively, as of early 1989. The uranium industry in Canada was restructured and consolidated by merger and acquisition, including the formation of Cameco. Three uranium projects were also advanced. The Athabasca Basin is the primary target for the discovery of high-grade low-cost uranium deposits. Discovery of new reserves in 1987 and 1988 did not fully replace the record output over the two-year period. The estimate of overall resources as of January 1989 was down by 4 percent from January 1987 to a total (measured, indicated and inferred) of 544,000 tU. Exploration expenditures reached $Cdn 37 million in 1987 and $59 million in 1988, due largely to the test mining programs at the Cigar Lake and Midwest projects in Saskatchewan. Spot market prices fell to all-time lows from 1987 to mid-1989, and there is little sign of relief. Canadian uranium production capability could fall below 12,000 tU before the late 1990s; however, should market conditions warrant output could be increased beyond 15,000 tU. Canada's known uranium resources are more than sufficient to meet the 30-year fuel requirements of those reactors in Canada that are now or are expected to be in service by the late 1990s. There is significant potential for discovering additional uranium resources. Canada's uranium production is equivalent, in

  12. U for uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1982-01-01

    The Beisa Mine is unique in South Africa - it is the only underground mine with uranium as its main product and gold as a by-product. At the rate of 1,2 Mt/a, the life of Beisa is estimated on 26 years. Beisa's metallurgical plant is designed to handle initially a monthly throughput of 100 000t of ore, from which uranium, gold and silver will be extracted

  13. Uranium leads political stakes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    James, D.

    2009-01-01

    Until the announcement by the federal Environment Minister Peter Garrett that the government would permit uranium mining at Beverly Four Mile, South Australia, there had been little news flow from the sector over the past year. Uranium was the first to turn down, even before the United States sub-prime mortgage crisis began to cause shock waves through the global economy, a report by BGF Equities analyst Warwick Grigor shows.

  14. Uranium purchases report 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-07-01

    US utilities are required to report to the Secretary of Energy annually the country of origin and the seller of any uranium or enriched uranium purchased or imported into the US, as well as the country of origin and seller of any enrichment services purchased by the utility. This report compiles these data and also contains a glossary of terms and additional purchase information covering average price and contract duration. 3 tabs

  15. Gases in uranium exploration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wright, R.J.; Pacer, J.C.

    1981-01-01

    Interest continues to grow in the use of helium and radon detection as a uranium exploration tool because, in many instances, these radiogenic gases are the only indicators of deeply buried mineralization. The origin of these gases, their migration in the ground, the type of samples and measurement techniques are discussed. Case histories of comparative tests conducted on known uranium deposits at three geologically diverse sites in the United States of America are also presented. (author)

  16. Argentinian uranium production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1983-01-01

    A profit-making process for the exploitation of low grade uranium is presented. The process of lixiviation will be used, which will make it possible to obtain a final product whose humidity level will not exceed 10% and whose uranium oxide content will be no less than 68%. The operations of the plant are described. The plant can produce between 100 and 150 t of U 3 O 8 /yr in the form of yellow cake

  17. World uranium resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deffeyes, K.S.; MacGregor, I.D.

    1980-01-01

    To estimate the total resource availability of uranium, the authors' approach has been to ask whether the distribution of uranium in the earth's crust can be reasonably approximated by a bell-shaped log-normal curve. In addition they have asked whether the uranium deposits actually mined appear to be a portion of the high-grade tail, or ascending slope, of the distribution. This approach preserves what they feel are the two most important guiding principles of Hubbert's work, for petroleum, namely recognizing the geological framework that contains the deposits of interest and examining the industry's historical record of discovering those deposits. Their findings, published recently in the form of a book-length report prepared for the US Department of Energy, suggest that for uranium the crustal-distribution model and the mining-history model can be brought together in a consistent picture. In brief, they conclude that both sets of data can be described by a single log-normal curve, the smoothly ascending slope of which indicates approximately a 300-fold increase in the amount of uranium recoverable for each tenfold decrease in ore grade. This conclusion has important implications for the future availability of uranium. They hasten to add, however, that this is only an approximative argument; no rigorous statistical basis exists for expecting a log-normal distribution. They continue, pointing out the enormously complex range of geochemical behavior of uranium - and its wide variety of different binds of economic deposit. Their case study, supported by US mining records, indicates that the supply of uranium will not be a limiting factor in the development of nuclear power

  18. Recovery of uranium values

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rowden, G.A.

    1982-01-01

    A process is provided for the recovery of uranium from an organic extractant phase containing an amine. The extractant phase is contacted in a number of mixing stages with an acidic aqueous stripping phase containing sulphate ions, and the phases are passed together through a series of mixing stages while maintaining a dispersion of droplets of one phase in the other. Uranium is precipitated from the final stage by raising the pH. An apparatus having several mixing chambers is described

  19. Uranium - the nuclear fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, E.E.N.

    1976-01-01

    A brief history is presented of Canadian uranium exploration, production, and sales. Statistics show that Canada is a good customer for its own uranium due to a rapidly expanding nuclear power program. Due to an average 10 year lag between commencement of exploration and production, and with current producers sold out through 1985, it is imperative that exploration efforts be increased. (E.C.B.)

  20. Uranium project. Geochemistry prospection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lambert, J.

    1983-01-01

    Geochemistry studies the distribution of the chemicals elements in the terrestrial crust and its ways to migrate. The terminology used in this report is the following one: 1) Principles of the prospection geochemistry 2) Stages of the prospection geochemistry 3)utility of the prospection geochemistry 4) geochemistry of uranium 5) procedures used within the framework of uranium project 6) Average available 7) Selection of the zones of prospection geochemistry 8) Stages of the prospection, Sample preparation and analisis 9) Presentation of the results

  1. Worldwide developments in uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoellen, E.E.

    1987-01-01

    World uranium production will continue to change in most major producing nations. Canadian production will increase and will be increasingly dominated by western producers as eastern Canadian high-cost production declines. Australian production will increase as major projects come into operation before 2000. US production will stabilize through the end of the century. South African production will be dependent upon the worldwide support for economic sanctions. China's entry into the world market injects yet another variable into the already cloudy supply picture. Many risks and uncertainties will face uranium producers through the 1980s. Recognizing that the uranium industry is not a fast-growing market, many existing and potential producers are seeking alternate investment courses, causing a restructuring of the world uranium production industry in ways not anticipated even a few years ago. During the restructuring process, world uranium production will most likely continue to exceed uranium consumption, resulting in a further buildup of world uranium inventories. Inventory sales will continue to redistribute this material. As inventory selling runs its course, users will turn to normal sources of supply, stimulating additional production to meet needs. Stimulation in the form of higher prices will be determined by how fast producers are willing and able to return to the market. Production costs are expected to have an increasing impact as it has become apparent that uranium resources are large in comparison to projected consumption. Conversely, security-of-supply issues have seemed to be of decreasing magnitude as Canada, Australia, and other non-US producers continue to meet delivery commitments

  2. Uranium tailings bibliography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holoway, C.F.; Goldsmith, W.A.; Eldridge, V.M.

    1975-12-01

    A bibliography containing 1,212 references is presented with its focus on the general problem of reducing human exposure to the radionuclides contained in the tailings from the milling of uranium ore. The references are divided into seven broad categories: uranium tailings pile (problems and perspectives), standards and philosophy, etiology of radiation effects, internal dosimetry and metabolism, environmental transport, background sources of tailings radionuclides, and large-area decontamination

  3. Saskatchewan resources. [including uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-09-01

    The production of chemicals and minerals for the chemical industry in Saskatchewan are featured, with some discussion of resource taxation. The commodities mentioned include potash, fatty amines, uranium, heavy oil, sodium sulfate, chlorine, sodium hydroxide, sodium chlorate and bentonite. Following the successful outcome of the Cluff Lake inquiry, the uranium industry is booming. Some developments and production figures for Gulf Minerals, Amok, Cenex and Eldorado are mentioned.

  4. Ranger uranium environmental enquiry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1976-07-01

    The submission is divided into three sections. Section A considers the international implications of the development of uranium resources including economic and resource aspects and environmental and social aspects. Section B outlines the government's position on export controls over uranium and its effect on the introduction of nuclear power in Australia. Section C describes the licensing and regulatory functions that would be needed to monitor the environmental and health aspects of the Ranger project. (R.L.)

  5. Uranium determination in water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prudenzo, E.J.; Puga, Maria J.; Cerchietti, Maria L.R.; Arguelles, Maria G.

    2005-01-01

    In our laboratory, a procedure has been assessed to determine uranium content of water in normal situations. The method proposed without sample pre-treatment, is simple and rapid. Uranium mass is measured by fluorimetry. For calculation of detection limit (Ld) and quantification level (Lq) we used blank samples and the results were analyzed for different statistical test. The calculation of total propagated uncertainty and sources contribution on real samples are presented. (author)

  6. US uranium market developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krusiewski, S.V.; Thomas, D.C.

    1981-01-01

    Domestic uranium delivery commitments for the 1981 to 1990 period reached a peak in the July 1980 survey and then declined in the January 1981 survey and again in the July 1981 survey. However, there are sizable sales contracts through the mid-1980s. In the latter part of this decade, unfilled requirements increase which can provide a needed market for domestic producers. Older contracts are helping to keep the average contract prices, including market price settlements, rather stable. However, average market price settlements decreased from data reported in January 1981, but some of these deliveries represent settlement of litigation. Foreign uranium procurement is scheduled to exceed deliveries of US uranium to foreign buyers in the 1981 to 1990 period. However, the actual use of foreign uranium has been quite low as US enrichment services customers have preferred to buy US uranium. Based on over four and one-half years of data, only about 7% foreign uranium has been brought to the Department of Energy for enrichment. Inventories of natural and enriched uranium in buyers' hands continue to increase. This is a concern to the uranium-producing industry. However, the industry should not be concerned about DOE-owned inventories, which are needed to supply Government requirements. There is absolutely no plan to dispose of DOE inventories on the commercial market. Capital expenditures reached a peak of $800 million in 1979. This decreased to $780 million in 1980, although higher expenditures were planned for the year. A very sharp reduction in plans for 1981, from $830 to $450 million, has been reported. A further reduction to $350 million is planned for 1982. However, it is interesting to note that the planned expenditures for 1982 are above the expenditures for 1975, a period of industury expansion

  7. URANIUM SEPARATION PROCESS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, W.L.

    1962-04-17

    A method of separating uranium oxides from PuO/sub 2/, ThO/sub 2/, and other actinide oxides is described. The oxide mixture is suspended in a fused salt melt and a chlorinating agent such as chlorine gas or phosgene is sparged through the suspension. Uranium oxides are selectively chlorinated and dissolve in the melt, which may then be filtered to remove the unchlorinated oxides of the other actinides. (AEC)

  8. Hyperreality: Pemaknaan dalam Penggunaan Game Pokemon Go

    OpenAIRE

    Tuela, Michael; Susilo, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Penelitian  ini  bertujuan  untuk  mengetahui  hiperrealitas  dalam  fenomena  game  Pokemon  Go.  Untuk  mengetahui  lebih  dalam  bagaimana  pengaruh  penggunaan  teknologi  augmented  reality  pada  sebuah  game  Pokemon  Go  dan  juga  sudut  pandang  pemain  game  Pokemon  Go  yang  ikut  merasakan  fenomena  game  Pokemon  Go  dan  serta  pemahaman  pemain  game  Pokemon  terhadap  game  Pokemon  Go. Pendekatan  penelitian  ini  menggunakan  pendekatan  metode  penelitian  kualitatif  y...

  9. PERAN MENGGAMBAR DALAM MEWUJUDKAN IDE KARYA ANIMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Dwi Waluyanto

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Animation had been known since 1940. Although obstructed by limited facilities and simple technologies%2C back then the Walt Disney had successfully produced animation masterpieces such as Pinocchio%2C Snow White%2C etc. In the world of animation%2C technology isn’t the most important player%2C the one who plays the biggest role is the animator. A good animator should be competent in drawing / having good drawing skill. This competency is very important because a good animator is supposedly able to translate ideas in his / her mind into visual in the form of animated pictures. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Animasi sudah dikenal sejak tahun 1940-an. Dengan teknologi yang masih sederhana pada waktu itu%2C Walt Disney antara lain memproduksi film-film masterpiece seperti Pinocchio dan Snow White. Dalam animasi bukan teknologinya yang terpenting%2C tetapi justru tenaga kerjanya (animator. Seorang animator harus memiliki kemampuan menggambar. Hal ini karena seorang animator dituntut mampu menterjemahkan sesuatu dalam pikiran menjadi wujud visual berupa gambar animasi. drawing%2C ideas%2C animation

  10. Problem Etnisitas India Dalam Cerita Pendek Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shoim Anwar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Karya sastra adalah dokumen kemanusiaan dan kebudayaan. Kumpulan cerita pendek Menara 7 (1998, terutama enam cerpen yang ditulis oleh pengarang Malaysia beretnis India, memberi gambaran problem kehidupan etnis India di Malaysia. Dengan meminjam teori etnisitas sebagai landasan, tulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap problem etnisitas India di Malaysia. Problem etnis India terkait dengan kemiskinan, pendidikan, gender, religi, budaya, dan persatuan. Keberadaan etnis India di Malaysia secara historis merupakan bagian dari kolonialisme Inggris di masa lampau. Residu kolonialisme menciptakan jejak hitam kemanusiaan yang mendalam. Sebagai pendatang, tersirat ada ketegangan sosial-budaya yang dialami etnis India, tetapi bukan konflik. Problem etnis India dalam cerpen Malaysia adalah sarana untuk becermin bagi masyarakat dalam negara yang multietnis. Abstract: Literature is a document of humanity and culture. A collection of short stories Menara 7 (1998, especially five short stories written by Malaysian Indian, gives an overview of Indian ethnic problems in Malaysia. Using postcolonial theory as an anchor, their problems are poverty, education, gender, religion, culture, and unity. The existence Malaysian Indian was British colonial legacy. The leftover of colonialism deeply creates dark footprints of humanity. As a newcomer, it’s implied there was social-cultural tension, but not conflict, experienced by Malaysian Indian. The problems in Malaysia short stories are a tool of reflection in a multiethnic society. Key Words: problem, ethnic, ethnicity, short story

  11. PERNIKAHAN DINI DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Rifiani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available early marriage is a social phenomenon that commonly happens in all places. This sort of marriage is like iceberg phenomenon which emerges a little bit in the surface, it is rarely exposed, but it is commonly practiced in wider community. if we trace the historical root of early marriage practice in Indonesia, particularly in Javanese island, it has been practiced by the ancestors. in their context, there is a negative stigma for a woman if she marries in the late age among the community. This article will discuss the phenomenon in Islamic law perspective.   Pernikahan dini merupakan fenomena sosial yang banyak terjadi di berbagai   wilayah. Fenomena  pernikahan  dini  bagai  fenomena  gunung  es  yang  hanya  tampak  sebagian kecil di permukaan, sangat sedikit terekspos di ranah publik, tetapi kenyataannya begitu banyak terjadi di kalangan masyarakat luas. ketika kita menelusuri akar sejarah tentang pernikahan dini di Indinesia, khususnya di pulau Jawa sebenarnya sudah menjadi sesuatu yang lumrah dilakukan oleh kakek dan nenek moyang kita. Pada konteks mereka, terdapat stigma negative jika seorang perempuan menikah di usia matang dalam komunitas mereka. Tulisan ini akan mendiskusikan fenomena pernikahan dini dalam konteks hukum Islam.

  12. Pendekatan Psikoneuroimunologi dalam Penanganan Penyakit Hewan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Kardena

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Dokter hewan praktisi seringkali mengabaikan dampak psikologi hewan terhadap kondisi kesehatan hewan. Penatalaksanaan penyakit hewan selalu dikaitkan dengan tindakan medis veteriner. Namun kenyataannya timbulnya gejala klinis penyakit seperti anoreksia, diare, dan demam tidak selalu disertai dengan penyebab yang jelas. Hal ini kemungkinan besar terkait dengan kondisi psikologi hewan. Psikoneuroimunologi (PNI merupakan cabang ilmu kedokteran yang merupakan gabungan dari ilmu psikologi, neurologi, endokrinologi serta imunologi yang memiliki paradigm sendiri. PNI mengkaji bagaimana sistem imun tubuh merespon keadaan homeostasis dan patologis dipengaruhi oleh keadaan psikologis. Hubungan otak dengan sistem imun terjadi melalui sel di HPA axis (hipotalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, yang melibatkan hormon sitokin, dan melalui sel di jalur ANS (autonomic nervous system. Berbagai macam stresor ini akan mengaktifkan hipotalamus mensekresikan CRH, yang kemudian merangsang pituitary menghasilkan ACTH. ACTH kemudian berikatan dengan reseptornya di kelenjar adrenal untuk menginduksi sekresi Epinefrin (EPI dan Norepinefrin (NE. Sudah dipahami bahwa limfosit memiliki reseptor untuk EPI dan NE sehingga stres ini akan mengakibatkan modulasi imunitas. Psikologi menjadi kajian yang sangat penting dalam dunia kedokteran hewan terkait dengan modulasi imun akibat psikologi. Oleh karena itu pengembangan Psikoneuroimunologi dalam tatalaksana penyakit pada hewan menjadi sangat penting, disamping penanganan medis.

  13. Pengasuhan Anak Yatim dalam Prespektif Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauziyah Masyhari

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini membahas pengasuhan anak yatim dalam perspektif pendidikan Islam. Ada dua pertanyaan penting: (1 apa maksud pengasuhan anak yatim itu? (2 bagaimana pola asuh anak yatim dalam pendidikan Islam? Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahwa: (1 pengasuhan anak yatim yaitu proses perbuatan mengasuh, menjaga, dan membimbing yang dilakukan oleh orang dewasa, sebagai upaya membentuk kepribadian yang sempurna (kāmil; (2 Pola asuh anak yatim memiliki dua bentuk, yaitu: pertama, bentuk keluarga, di mana keluarga tertentu mengangkat anak yatim untuk dijadikan anak asuh; kedua, bentuk panti asuhan atau asrama yang biasanya dikelola oleh yayasan tertentu. This article discusses the care of orphans in the perspective of Islamic education. There are two important questions: (1 what is an orphan care? (2 how is the pattern of orphan care in Islamic education? This study concludes that: (1 upbringing of orphans is the process of parenting, guarding and guiding by adults, in an attempt to form a perfect personality (kāmil; (2 The pattern of foster care of orphans has two forms, namely: first, the form of the family, in which the particular family appoints the orphan to be a foster child; second, the form of an orphanage or dormitory that is usually managed by a particular foundation.

  14. Tokoh Dan Penokohan Dalam Roman Panglipur Wuyung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Budi Utomo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan model tokoh dan penokohan yang men­ jadi ciri umum dalam roman panglipur wuyung. Untuk itu, teori intrinsik yang mengkhususkan pa­da unsur tokoh dan penokohan digunakan untuk menganalisisnya. Dari hasil penelitian dapat di­ketahui bahwa sebagian besar tokoh dan penokohan dalam roman panglipur wuyung memiliki ti­pologi yang sama, yakni menampilkan tokoh berwatak datar (bersifat hitam­putih, tam­ pan/cantik, mengusung tokoh hero, dan lain­lain yang merupakan tokoh ideal dengan penggambaran yang klise. Abstract: This research aims to reveal the common feature of character and characterization models in the panglipur wuyung novelette. Therefore, the intrinsic theory specializing in characters and characterizations is used to analyze it. From the research result, it can be seen that most of the characters and characterizations in the panglipur wuyung novelette have the same typology, which shows flat character (black and white features handsome/beautiful, and carries the hero figures etc. which is an ideal figure of cliche depiction. Key Words: character and characterization, typology, panglipur wuyung novelette

  15. Inisiasi dalam Kisah Perjalanan Model Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanu Priyo Prabowo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap inisiasi dalam kisah perjalanan model Ja- wa. Sebagai karya fiksi, kisah perjalanan model Jawa memendam dan menyiratkan tan- da-tanda yang berupa simbol-simbol yang harus diungkapkan kerumitan-kerumitan ni- lainya. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori semiotika. Teori semiotika menempatkan kar- ya sastra sebagai sistem tanda. Adapun metode yang dipergunakan adalah metode kuali- tatif. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui teknik studi pustaka. Dari hasil analisis dapat diungkapkan bahwa inisiasi dalam kisah perjalanan model Jawa dilakukan oleh tokoh cerita demi tujuan-tujuan tertentu yang berkaitan dengan pendewasaan dan pe- nyempurnaan diri selama hidup di dunia. Karya sastra Jawa genre kisah perjalanan mo- del Jawa ini mampu mentransformasikan budaya sastra Jawa yang lebih tua. Abstract: This paper aims to reveal initiation in Javanese model of travel writing. As fictional work, the travel writing in Javanese model contains and reflects signs in symbols that have to be revealed their detail values. The research was conducted using semiotics theory. The theory posits literary work as a sign symbol. The method conducted in this research was qualitative. The result shows that initiation in Javanese travel writing is conducted by those characters to perfect themself in living in the world. Javanese literary works in travel writing genre in Javanese model are able to transform older Javanese literary culture. Key Words: literature; transformation; initiations; educative; religious

  16. Uranium production in Sweden

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bergh, S.

    1994-01-01

    The history of uranium production in Sweden is reviewed in the article. The World War II led to an exploitation of the Swedish alum shale on a large scale. In the last phase of the war it also became obvious that the shale might be used for energy production of quite another kind than oil. In 1947 AB Atom energy was founded, an enterprise with one of its purposes to extract uranium for peaceful use. A plant with a yearly capacity of 120 tons of uranium was erected at Ranstad and ready for production by 1965. From the start in Ranstad and for many years to come there was hardly any interest in an immediate large uranium production. It was decided to use the plant for studies on its more effective exploitation in case of an expansion in the future, bearing in mind the reactor programme. In the course of time economical reasons began to speak against the project. The shale seemed to have a future neither as oil nor as uranium resource. The complete termination of the work on uranium production from shale occurred in 1989

  17. Uranium control in phosphogypsum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hurst, F.J.; Arnold, W.D.

    1980-01-01

    In wet-process phosphoric acid plants, both previous and recent test results show that uranium dissolution from phosphate rock is significantly higher when the rock is acidulated under oxidizing conditions than under reducing conditions. Excess sulfate and excess fluoride further enhance the distribution of uranium to the cake. Apparently the U(IV) present in the crystal lattice of the apatite plus that formed by reduction of U(IV) by FE(II) during acidulation is trapped or carried into the crystal lattice of the calcium sulfate crystals as they form and grow. The amount of uranium that distributes to hemihydrate filter cake is up to seven times higher than the amount that distributes to the dihydrate cake. About 60% of the uranium in hemihydrate cakes can be readily leached after hydration of the cake, but the residual uranium (20 to 30%) is very difficult to remove economically. Much additional research is needed to develop methods for minimizing uranium losses to calcium filter cakes

  18. Automated uranium titration system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takahashi, M.; Kato, Y.

    1983-01-01

    An automated titration system based on the Davies-Gray method has been developed for accurate determination of uranium. The system consists of a potentiometric titrator with precise burettes, a sample changer, an electronic balance and a desk-top computer with a printer. Fifty-five titration vessels are loaded in the sample changer. The first three contain the standard solution for standardizing potassium dichromate titrant, and the next two and the last two contain the control samples for data quality assurance. The other forty-eight measurements are carried out for sixteen unknown samples. Sample solution containing about 100 mg uranium is taken in a titration vessel. At the pretreatment position, uranium (VI) is reduced to uranium (IV) by iron (II). After the valency adjustment, the vessel is transferred to the titration position. The rate of titrant addition is automatically controlled to be slower near the end-point. The last figure (0.01 mL) of the equivalent titrant volume for uranium is calculated from the potential change. The results obtained with this system on 100 mg uranium gave a precision of 0.2% (RSD,n=3) and an accuracy of better than 0.1%. Fifty-five titrations are accomplished in 10 hours. (author)

  19. Analytical method of uranium (IV) and uranium (VI) in uranium ores and uranium-bearing rocks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shen Zhuqin; Zheng Yongfeng; Li Qingzhen; Zhong Miaolan; Gu Dingxiang

    1995-11-01

    The best conditions for keeping the original valences of uranium during the dissolution and separation procedure of geological samples (especially those micro uranium-bearing rock) were studied. With the exist of high concentration protectants, the sample was decomposed with concentration HF at 40 +- 5 degree C. The U(VI) was dissolved completely and formed stable complex UO 2 F 2 , the U(IV) was precipitated rapidly and carried by carrier. Quantitative separation was carried out immediately with suction. The decomposition of sample and separation of solid/liquid phases was completed within two minutes. After separation, the U(IV) and U(VI) were determined quantitatively with laser fluorescence or voltametry respectively according to the uranium content. The limit of detection for this method is 0.7 μg/g, RSD is 10.5%, the determinate range of uranium is 2 x 10 -6 ∼10 -1 g/g. The uranium contents and their valence state ratio were measured for more than one hundred samples of sand stone and granite, the accuracy and precision of these results are satisfactory for uranium geological research. (12 tabs.; 11 refs.)

  20. Production of uranium peroxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Caropreso, F.E.; Kreuz, D.F.

    1977-01-01

    A process is claimed of recovering uranium values as uranium peroxide from an aqueous uranyl solution containing dissolved vanadium and sodium impurities by treating the uranyl solution with hydrogen peroxide in an amount sufficient to have an excess of at least 0.5 parts H 2 O 2 per part of vanadium (V 2 O 5 ) above the stoichiometric amount required to form the uranium peroxide, the hydrogen peroxide treatment is carried out in three sequential phases consisting of I, a precipitation phase in which the hydrogen peroxide is added to the uranyl solution to precipitate the uranium peroxide and the pH of the reaction medium maintained in the range of 2.5 to 5.5 for a period of from about 1 to 60 minutes after the hydrogen peroxide addition; II, a digestion phase in which the pH of the reaction medium is maintained in the range of 3.0 to 7.0 for a period of about 5 to 180 minutes and III, a final phase in which the pH of the reaction medium is maintained in the range of 4.0 to 7.0 for a period of about 1 to 60 minutes during which time the uranium peroxide is separated from the reaction solution containing the dissolved vanadium and sodium impurities. The excess hydrogen peroxide is maintained during the entire treatment up until the uranium peroxide is separated from the reaction medium

  1. The Streltsovskoye uranium district

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ischukova, L.P.

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes the geology of the Streltsovskoye uranium district located in south-eastern Zabaikalie region, Chita Province, Siberia, Russia. This district hosts Russia's only currently active uranium production centre. The uranium ore was discovered from 1963 to 1967 by drilling below fluorite veins which had minor associated uranium mineralization and radioactive anomalies. The uranium occurs as large scale vein stockwork deposits of hydrothermal origin within a volcano-tectonic caldera formed by continental volcanism of Late Mesozoic age. Rocks occurring in the caldera include basalt and trachydacite, overlain by rhyolite, and with associated interbedded sediments. The ore bodies occur in steeply dipping faults, with the greatest concentrations located where faults along the margins of the caldera intersect steeply dipping, cross cutting, northeasterly and northwesterly striking faults. The Streltsovskoye caldera extends over an area of 150 km 2 and is underlain by a large batholith. The 19 identified uranium deposits occurred in structural features that cut through the caldera sequence and extend into the basement rocks. The caldera has a maximum thickness of 1400 metres. Details of several deposits are given, including descriptions of mineralization and associated alteration. (author). 10 figs

  2. Uranium-scintillator device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, S.D.

    1979-01-01

    The calorimeter subgroup of the 1977 ISABELLE Summer Workshop strongly recommended investigation of the uranium-scintillator device because of its several attractive features: (1) increased resolution for hadronic energy, (2) fast time response, (3) high density (i.e., 16 cm of calorimeter per interaction length), and, in comparison with uranium--liquid argon detectors, (4) ease of construction, (5) simple electronics, and (6) lower cost. The AFM group at the CERN ISR became interested in such a calorimeter for substantially the same reasons, and in the fall of 1977 carried out tests on a uranium-scintillator (U-Sc) calorimeter with the same uranium plates used in their 1974 studies of the uranium--liquid argon (U-LA) calorimeter. The chief disadvantage of the scintillator test was that the uranium plates were too small to fully contain the hadronic showers. However, since the scintillator and liquid argon tests were made with the plates, direct comparison of the two types of devices could be made

  3. Kontribusi FIPMI dalam Mewujudkan Kerukunan Antarmazhab Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Zaki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini mengkaji mengenai terbentuknya Forum Taqrib yang lebih di kenal dengan nama Forum Internasional Pendekatan Antar Mazhab-Mazhab Islam (FIPMI dilatarbelakangi kondisi umat Islam, khususnya Sunni dan Syiah. Tokoh printis berdirinya Forum Taqrib Borujerdi memiliki alasan yang tepat memilih tokoh-tokoh ulama al-Azhar untuk dapat diajak berkomunikasi dan dialog untuk mewujudkan ide taqrib. Hal ini disebabkan ulama al-Azhar, selain reputasi keilmuannya diakui dunia juga lebih disebabkan mereka berpikiran moderat tidak fanatik. Hampir semua tokoh yang dikaji berpikiran bahwa taqrib artinya mendekatkan umat untuk saling mengenal dan memahami, bukan memaksakan umat untuk menganut suatu mazhab. Semua tokoh juga sepakat, bahwa perbedaan antara Sunni dan Syiah, tidaklah prinsip. Meskipun ada yang menyatakan prinsip, yaitu  dalam hal imamah. Titik temu akan diperoleh, jika Syiah tidak meletakkan imamah pada tataran akidah prinsip yang dapat menyebabkan kekafiran bagi yang menolaknya. Hal ini sudah ditegaskan oleh Borujerdi bahwa masalah imamah adalah sejarah masa lalu dan tidak perlu diungkit lagi karena tidak akan ada hasilnya. Yang terpenting sekarang adalah mencari kesepakatan rujukan hukum dalam menjalani kehidupan beragama dan berbangsa ini. Borujerdi menawarkan Al-Qur’an dan Ahlulbait, karena sesuai dengan hadis, bahwa keduanya adalah sumber hukum yang tidak akan pernah terpisah. Inilah yang dipesankan dalam hadis Tsaqalain. Hadis ini disepakati oleh Sunni dan Syiah kesahihannya karena diriwayatkan dalam kitab-kitab mereka. Upaya-upaya yang dilakukan Forum Taqrib dalam mewujudkan persatuan dan perdamaian, yakni: Taqrib juga telah melakukan sosialisasi keberadaannya dengan mengadakan pertemuan-pertemuan rutin, seperti konferensi tahunan dan pertemuan berkala lainnya, serta penerbitan majalah atau jurnal. This article examines the formation of Forum Taqrib that is usual known by the name of the International Forum of Inter Approach schools

  4. Mengukur Politisasi Agama dalam Ruang Publik: Komunikasi SARA dalam Perdebatan Rational Choice Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Supriyadi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini memberikan gambaran runtuhnya pengaruh isu primordialisme di ruang publik dan digantikan dengan kearifan konvensional. Penelitian ini mengambil aspek pengaruh isu SARA pada aspek rasionalitas pemilih. Penulis menemukan beberapa aspek yang mendukung kesimpulan penelitian, antara lain; bahwa isu SARA tidak terlalu direspek pemilih rasional. Pemilih rasional lebih melihat masalah yang ada dan mengevaluasi kinerja pemerintahan sebelumnya. Di lain pihak, emosi antusias terhadap isu etnisitas akan memantabkan pilihan politik terhadap pemilih etnis minoritas, sebagai bentuk penguatan komunitas. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan teori pilihan rasional (rational choice theory, penulis melihat bahwa komunikasi politik yang dibangun melalui isu SARA di ruang publik dalam kehidupan masyarakat modern, tidak lagi mampu memengaruhi pemilih rasional. Pemilih rasional (rational choice, menentukan pilihan berdasarkan pada keuntungan yang diperolehnya (maximizing benefit. Dalam faktor ini sikap pemilih lebih dipengaruhi karakteristik dan track record kandidat.

  5. REPRESENTASI STEREOTYPE PEREMPUAN DALAM IKLAN LAYANAN MASYARAKAT “SAHABAT PEDULI ANTI KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deddi Duto Hartanto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Ads in mass media very often publish images of women with their various feminine attractiveness; whether it be the soft hair, or black, shiny, and straight hair, the thin and tall body, small and pointy nose, thin lips, large chest, and silky white skin. Ads whether consciously or not, have shaped standardized perceptions where they are directed towards certain groups. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Dalam media massa terutama iklan sering memuat ilustrasi citra perempuan dengan berbagai daya tarik feminitasnya, apakah itu rambut halus, hitam, berkilau, dan lurus, bentuk badan langsing dan tinggi, hidung yang mancung-mungil, bibir tipis, payudara menonjol, dan berkulit kuning keputih-putihan. Iklan secara sadar atau tidak telah membentuk standar pikiran akan sesuatu menuju pada suatu kelompok tertentu. Kata kunci: perempuan dalam iklan, representasi stereotype perempuan

  6. PENINGKATAN PERAN SERTA MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGURANGAN TIMBULAN SAMPAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanti Sri Rezeki

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Bank sampah adalah salah satu strategi penerapan 3R (Reuse,Reduce,Recycle dalam pengelolaan sampah pada sumbernya di tingkat masyarakat. Pelaksanaan bank sampah pada prinsipnya adalah satu rekayasa sosial (social engineering untuk mengajak masyarakat memilah sampah. Pelaksanaan bank sampah dapat memberikan output nyata bagi masyarakat berupa kesempatan kerja dalam melaksanakan manajemen operasi bank sampah dan investasi dalam bentuk tabungan (Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup, 2011. Masalah utama yang dihadapi mitra saat ini adalah bank sampah yang telah terbentuk sejak tahun 2012 belum berkembang sesuai harapan dan dinilai belum optimal. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari penurunan jumlah nasabah. Analisis awal penyebab perkembangan Bank Sampah yang kurang optimal karena manajemen Bank Sampah belum dilakukan dengan baik dikarenakan keterbatasan sumber daya. Oleh karena itu diperlukan kegiatan untuk meningkatkan peran serta masyarakat dalam mengurangi sampah. Kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah pelatihan, pendampingan, monitoring dan evaluasi. Pelatihan yang diberikan mengenai pemilahan sampah dan pembuatan kompos skala rumah tangga. Hasil dari kegiatan tersebut menunjukkan adanya peningkatan jumlah nasabah.

  7. Kesiapan Operator Seluler dalam Mengimplementasikan Teknologi Long Term Evolution (LTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Ariyanti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar kesiapan operator seluler dalam mengimplementasikan teknologi Long Term Evolution (LTE. Model penelitian dengan menggunakan mengadopsi teknik Net Readiness Framwork. Adapun kriteria pengukurannya terdiri dari Leadership, Governance, Competencies dan Technology. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menyebarkan kuesioner kepada operator seluler di Indonesia dan melakukan wawancara kepada regulator. Kajian ini menggunakan teknik analisis data kuantitatif deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa PT. Axis, PT. HCPT dan PT. Telkomsel mempunyai tingkat kesiapan LTE Visionary yang berarti perusahaan sangat antusias dalam perubahan dan lebih dahulu mengambil resiko untuk mengimplementasikan LTE dalam organisasinya yang merupakan bagian yang tak terpisahkan proses bisnis perusahaan. PT. Indosat dan PT. XL mempunyai nilai kesiapan LTE leader  yang berarti perusahaan mampu mengadaptasi perubahan dan menginspirasi organsiasi lain dalam penerapan LTE. PT. Smartfren pada tingkat kesiapan LTE savvy yang berarti operator seluler memahami sebab dan efek dari perubahan dari munculnya LTE terhadap organisasi, namun belum melakukan adaptasi.

  8. PARTAI POLITIK LOKAL ACEH DALAM SISTEM KETATANEGARAAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asda Rasida

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kedudukan partai politik lokal Aceh dalam sistem ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia, secara objektif bagaimana peran partai politik local Aceh dalam mewujudkan demokrasi dan hambatan-hambatan yang timbul dan bagaimana penyelesaiannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode empiris yaitu mengumpulkan data primer. Pengumpulan data primer dilakukan dengan mewawancarai responden dan informan yang menjadi sampel pada penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedudukan partai politik local Aceh di dalam sistem ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia tidak bertentangan dengan perundang-undangan. Hal tersebut diperkuat dengan pasal 18B UUD 1945 yang menjadi dasar pembentukan partai politik lokal di Aceh dan juga berlaku asas di dalam ilmu hukum yaitu Lex Specialis Derogate Lex General yang maksudnya hukum yang bersifat khusus dapat menyampingkan hukum yang bersifat umum, demikian di Aceh juga menerapkan UU yang bersifat khusus.

  9. Study of uranium plating measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin Jufang; Wen Zhongwei; Wang Mei; Wang Dalun; Liu Rong; Jiang Li; Lu Xinxin

    2007-06-01

    In neutron physics experiments, the measurement for plate-thickness of uranium can directly affect uncertainties of experiment results. To measure the plate-thickness of transform target (enriched uranium plating and depleted uranium plating), the back to back ionization chamber, small solid angle device and Au-Si surface barrier semi-conductor, were used in the experiment study. Also, the uncertainties in the experiment were analyzed. Because the inhomo-geneous of uranium lay of plate can quantitively affect the result, the homogeneity of uranium lay is checked, the experiment result reflects the homogeneity of uranium lay is good. (authors)

  10. Recovery of uranium by chlorination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Komoto, Shigetoshi; Taki, Tomihiro

    1988-01-01

    The recovery of uranium from uraniferous phosphate by conventional process is generally uneconomic, except that uranium is recovered as a by-product. If an economical process by which uranium is recovered efficiently as a chief product is discovered, uraniferous phosphate will be used effectively as uranium ore. By using chiorination which will be expected to be favorable in comparison with conventional process, the recovery of uranium from uraniferous phosphate has been carried out. The paper describes the reaction machanism and general characteristics of the uranium chiorination, and the research done so for. (author)

  11. PERAN PUBLIK PEREMPUAN DALAM PARLEMEN (STUDI ANALISIS REPRESENTASI WAKIL RAKYAT PEREMPUAN DALAM LINTAS SEJARAH INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatimatuz Zahra

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Keterwakilan perempuan dalam parlemen menjadi sebuah kebutuhan tak terelakkan, sebab berbagai problematika mengenai perempuan harus dan bisa diatasi oleh perempuan itu sendiri. Pada pemilu pertamadalam sejarah Indonesia 1955, perempuan bukanhanya punya hak pilih dan memilih, tetapi bahkan ada partai perempuan yang turut bertarung, yakni Partai Wanita Indonesia/Partai Wanita Rakjat. Dalam pemiluitu, ada 19 perempuan yang terpilih sebagai anggotaparlemen (DPR. Kebijakan kuota 30% perempuan yang diberlakukan mulai tahun 2004 justru banyak sekalianggota legislatif perempuan yang berperan sebagai“ganjal kursi” supaya partai tersebut lolos affirmative account. Artikel ini mengkaji analisis representasi wakilrakyat perempuan dalam persentase vokalitas serta peran aktif wakil rakyat perempuan tersebut dalam menyelesaikan berbagai persoalan bangsa menyangkut perempuan. Kata kunci: Keterwakilan, perempuan, analisis representasi   The representation of women in parliament becomes an inevitable requirement, since various problems concerning women should and could be overcome by women themselves. History has proven in the 1955general election, the first election in the history of Indonesia, women not only have the right to vote andchoose, but even there the women who participatedfight party, namely the Indonesian Women Party / PartyWomen People. In the election, 19 women were electedto parliament (DPR. Since 2004, formally enacted Actrequirement for any political party that put forward legislative candidates who will compete in the elections,mandatory composition is 30% female and 70% male.This is precisely, makes the boomerang at a later date,with this requirement actually a lot of women legislatorswho serve as «padding seat» in order to qualify foraffirmative account of the party. And later on, whenthey were elected precisely is not based on an intentionto fight for women in various domains. Starting payattention to these problems, the authors moved

  12. REPRESENTASI STEREOTYPE PEREMPUAN DALAM IKLAN LAYANAN MASYARAKAT “SAHABAT PEDULI ANTI KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA”

    OpenAIRE

    Deddi Duto Hartanto

    2007-01-01

    Ads in mass media very often publish images of women with their various feminine attractiveness; whether it be the soft hair, or black, shiny, and straight hair, the thin and tall body, small and pointy nose, thin lips, large chest, and silky white skin. Ads whether consciously or not, have shaped standardized perceptions where they are directed towards certain groups. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Dalam media massa terutama iklan sering memuat ilustrasi citra perempuan dengan berbagai daya t...

  13. Anticorrosion protection of uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncharov, Ivan D.; Kazakovskaya, Tatiana; Tukmakov, Victor; Shapovalov, Vyacheslav [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-VNIIEF, 37, Mira Ave., RU-607190 Sarov (Nizhnii Gorod), 010450 (Russian Federation)

    2004-07-01

    Uranium in atmospheric conditions is non-stable. Sloughing products are being generated on its surface during storage or use. These corrosion products make many difficulties because of necessity to provide personnel safety. Besides, uranium corrosion may cause damage in parts. The first works devoted to uranium corrosion were performed in the framework of the USA Manhattan Project in the early forties of last century. Various methods of uranium protection were investigated, among them the galvanic one was the most studied. Later on the galvanic technology was patented. The works on this problem remains urgent up to the present time. In Russia, many methods of uranium corrosion protection, mainly against atmospheric corrosion, were tried on. In particular, such methods as diffusion zinc and paint coating were investigated. In the first case, a complex intermetallic U-Zn compound was formed but its protection was not reliable enough, this protection system was inconvenient and uncertain and that is why an additional paint coating was necessary. In the case of paint coatings another problem appeared. It was necessary to find such a coating where gas-permeability would prevail over water-permeability. Otherwise significant uranium corrosion occurs. This circumstance together with low mechanical resistance of paint coatings does not allow to use paint coating for long-term protection of uranium. Currently, there are following methods of uranium protection: ion-plasma, galvanic and thermo-vacuum annealing. These are described in this paper. In the end the issue of corrosion protection in reactor core zones is addressed. Here the greatest difficulties are caused when enriched uranium heated up to 500 deg. C needs anticorrosion protection. In this case various metal coatings are not reliable because of brittle inter-metallide formation. The reliable protection may be provided only up to the temperature plus 400 - 500 deg. C with the help of galvanic copper coating since

  14. Anticorrosion protection of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goncharov, Ivan D.; Kazakovskaya, Tatiana; Tukmakov, Victor; Shapovalov, Vyacheslav

    2004-01-01

    Uranium in atmospheric conditions is non-stable. Sloughing products are being generated on its surface during storage or use. These corrosion products make many difficulties because of necessity to provide personnel safety. Besides, uranium corrosion may cause damage in parts. The first works devoted to uranium corrosion were performed in the framework of the USA Manhattan Project in the early forties of last century. Various methods of uranium protection were investigated, among them the galvanic one was the most studied. Later on the galvanic technology was patented. The works on this problem remains urgent up to the present time. In Russia, many methods of uranium corrosion protection, mainly against atmospheric corrosion, were tried on. In particular, such methods as diffusion zinc and paint coating were investigated. In the first case, a complex intermetallic U-Zn compound was formed but its protection was not reliable enough, this protection system was inconvenient and uncertain and that is why an additional paint coating was necessary. In the case of paint coatings another problem appeared. It was necessary to find such a coating where gas-permeability would prevail over water-permeability. Otherwise significant uranium corrosion occurs. This circumstance together with low mechanical resistance of paint coatings does not allow to use paint coating for long-term protection of uranium. Currently, there are following methods of uranium protection: ion-plasma, galvanic and thermo-vacuum annealing. These are described in this paper. In the end the issue of corrosion protection in reactor core zones is addressed. Here the greatest difficulties are caused when enriched uranium heated up to 500 deg. C needs anticorrosion protection. In this case various metal coatings are not reliable because of brittle inter-metallide formation. The reliable protection may be provided only up to the temperature plus 400 - 500 deg. C with the help of galvanic copper coating since

  15. Prinsip termodinamika dalam proses pendinginan sperma sapi (semen) beku

    OpenAIRE

    Kholifah, Kholifah; Bahari Nurdin, Wira; Harimei, Bambang; Yusuf, Muhammad

    2016-01-01

    Telah dilakukan penelitian prinsip termodinamika dalam proses pendinginan sperma sapi (semen) beku. Sperma sapi (semen) sebagai sampel utama dan besi sebagai sampel pembanding. Nitrogen cair sebagai bahan pendingin untuk membekukan semen dalam tangki kriogenik. Motility Analysis Semen dilakukan untuk mengetahui gerakan massa atau kualitas semen. Hasil Motility Analysis Semen menggunakan mikroskop menunjukkan bahwa semen Messi memiliki kualitas yang baik dengan gerakan massa (+++) dan semen Ro...

  16. NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DALAM SERAT SASTRA GENDHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasri Kurnialoh

    2016-01-01

    yang tinggi terhadap masalah bangsa dan agamanya. Salah satu sumbangsihnya adalah kitab karangannya yang berjudul Sastra Gendhing mengajarkan tentang keselarasan lahir batin dan awal akhir. Keserasian antara jagad gumelar dengan jagad gumulung, ditinjau dari ketajaman spirtitual ini, Sultan Agung mendapat gelar yang sepadan dengan wali. Spiritualisme Sultan Agung yang akan di teliti dalam penelitian ini adalah nilai-nilai pendidikan agama Islam dalam karya, Sastra Gendhing.

  17. PENGKAJIAN BUDAYA SENSITIF DALAM HUBUNGAN ANTAR SUKUBANGSA DI SULAWESI SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    Basir, Muhammad; Sani, Yamin; Pawennari; Yahya

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini mengkaji dan menggabarkan bagaimana pemahaman budaya sensitif dalam kaitannya dengan hubungan antar sukubangsa di Sulawesi Selatan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan pemahaman dalam kaitannya dengan hubungan antar sukubangsa, agar bisa dijadikan sebagai referensi bagi pengambil kebijakan, yakni terkait dengan regulasi yang mungkin bisa dibuat dan diterapkan di daerah-daerah yang multi etnik. Sehingga hubungan antar sukubangsa bisa damai dan harmonis, dan sudah ten...

  18. Trichoderma sp. dalam Pengendalian Penyakit Layu Fusarium pada Tanaman Tomat

    OpenAIRE

    Novita, Trias

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran Trichoderma sp dalam pengendalianpenyakit layu fusarium pada tanaman tomat. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Rumah Kaca FakultasPertanian Universitas Jambi, perlakuannya terdiri dari : t0 = tanpa Trichoderma sp; t1 = 25 gTrichoderma sp/8 kg media; t2 = 50 g Trichoderma sp/8 kg media; t3 = 75 g Trichoderma sp/8 kgmedia; dan t4 = 100 g Trichoderma sp /8 kg media. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Trichodermasp berperan dalam mengendalikan penyakit layu...

  19. Strategi Branding Kota Surakarta dalam Pengelolaan sebagai Destinasi Wisata

    OpenAIRE

    Mustikawati, Lina; Luqman, Yanuar; Setiabudi, Djoko

    2013-01-01

    STRATEGI BRANDING KOTA SURAKARTA DALAM PENGELOLAANSEBAGAI DESTINASI WISATAAbstrakPengembangan pariwisata menjadi salah satu fokus dalam peningkatan kualitashidup masyarakat melalui pendapatan daerah. Surakarta menjadi salah satu kota diIndonesia yang konsen terhadap sektor pariwisata karena memiliki potensi senidan budaya untuk dijadikan sebuah produk wisata yang dapat dijual kepadawisatawan.Saat ini, Surakarta menjadi sebuah kota wisata dengan konsep wisatabudaya. Tahun 2010 menjadi tahun di...

  20. PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN PIDANA KORPORASI DALAM TINDAK PIDANA SUMBER DAYA ALAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hariman Satria

    2016-06-01

    Dalam ius constitutum SDA, paling tidak pertanggungjawaban pidana korporasi diatur oleh lima undangundang. Pertama UU perikanan dan kehutanan memiliki rumusan yang sama bahwa korporasi sebagai pembuat–pengurus dipidana. Kedua, UU perkebunan, korporasi sebagai pembuat–korporasi dipidana. Ketiga, UU lingkungan hidup, korporasi sebagai pembuat–korporasi dan orang yang memberi perintah dipidana. Keempat, UU minerba, korporasi sebagai pembuat–pengurus dan korporasi yang dipidana. Tegasnya ada inkonsistensi dalam pengaturan pertanggungjawaban pidana korporasi di sektor SDA sehingga menimbulkan ketidakpastian hukum.

  1. Interpretasi Khalayak dalam Rubrik Goresan Hati pada Majalah Sekar

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyu Pertiwi, Astuti Dwi; Nugroho, AdI; Lukmantoro, Triyono

    2013-01-01

    Nama : Astuti Dwi Wahyu PertiwiNIM : D2C009126Judul : Interpretasi Khalayak dalam Rubrik Goresan Hati padaMajalah SekarABSTRAKPerempuan senantiasa dijadikan objek yang tepat dalam setiap bidikan panahmedia massa, khususnya di Indonesia. Berbagai masalah pribadi perempuan yangterungkap di media massa menjadikan posisi perempuan semakin termarjinalkan.Salah satu media massa yang melanggengkan praktik publikasi masalah pribadiyang dilakukan para perempuan adalah Majalah Sekar dengan nama rubrikn...

  2. Optimalisasi Penggunaan WhatsApp dalam Perkuliahan Penilaian Pendidikan Fisika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khusaini Khusaini

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran pentingnya penggunaan aplikasi online terutama WhatsApp (WA dalam kegiatan pembelajaran terutama perkuliahan Penilaian Pendidikan Fisika. Tiga puluh dua responden yang terlibat dalam penelitian ini adalah calon guru fisika di jurusan fisika FMIPA UM. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam kegiatan ini berupa angket, observasi dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh positif dari penggunaan WA bagi keaktifan mahasiswa dalam berdiskusi serta kuliah baik dalam perkuliahan tatap muka maupun dalam jaringan (daring. Mahasiswa juga merasa perlu untuk mencoba menerapkan penggunaan WA dalam kegiatan pembelajaran kelak maupun dalam perkuliahan lain. Kedekatan serta diskusi antar mahasiswa dan dosen-mahasiswa dapat terjadi dengan baik serta meningkatkan motivasi belajar mahasiswa. Penelitian ini juga menunjukkan perlunya penelitian lebih lanjut mengenai pengaruh penggunaan WA terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa. This study aims to describe the importance of Online Application use particularly WhatsApp (WA during learning activities in particular in a Physics Education Assessment lecture. Thirty-two respondents involved are pre-service Physics Teachers learning at Physics Department FMIPA UM. Questionnaire and interview were employed to obtain data about the importance of WA in the lecture. The study shows positive influences of WA application to students’ activity during discussion section in both face-to-face meeting and online discussion. The participants also thought that they need to employ WA during both future Physics class and other lectures. The application also encouraged student discussion with their peer and also the lecturer. This study also indicates the need of further research about WA application and students’ achievement.

  3. KREATIVITAS GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MEMETAKAN KOMODITAS HAYATI UNGGULAN LOKAL KE DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asep Agus Sulaeman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dalam memetakan topik-topik dari berbagai aspek komoditas hayati unggulan lokal melalui penggunaan metode mind map dan mengetahui kemampuan guru dalam memetakan topik-topik komoditas hayati unggulan lokal ke dalam pembelajaran Biologi di SMA. Analisis data kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantitatif terhadap mind map dengan menggunakan kriteria sesuai instrumen yang dikembangkan. Adapun analisis data tentang jumlah topik-topik Biologi dan jenis kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan lokal dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantatif dan kualitatif. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan nilai aspek-aspek kreativitas guru Biologi yang tinggi, yaitu kemampuan berpikir asli (91,67, peka terhadap masalah (91,67, kemampuan berpikir lancar (90, kemampuan berpikir luwes (88,33, dan kemampuan berpikir terperinci (86,67. Berdasarkan hasil pemetaan yang dilakukan guru, dapat diidentifikasi 15 topik Biologi SMA yang berkaitan dengan komoditas hayati unggulan lokal di Kabupaten Majalengka. Adapun kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan yang diusulkan oleh guru tersebar di masing-masing tingkatan kelas dan semesternya dengan jumlah yang berbeda-beda.

  4. Oxidation of uranium and uranium alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Orman, S.

    1976-01-01

    The corrosion behaviour of uranium in oxygen, water and water + oxygen mixtures is compared and contrasted. A considerable amount of work, much of it conflicting, has been published on the U + H 2 O and U + H 2 O + O 2 systems. An attempt has been made to summarise this data and to explain the reasons for the lack of agreement between the experimental results. The evidence for the mechanism involving OH - ion diffusion as the reacting entity in both the U + H 2 O and U + O 2 + H 2 O reactions is advanced. The more limited corrosion data on some lean uranium alloys and on some higher addition alloys referred to as stainless materials is summarised together with some previously unreported results obtained with these materials at AWRE. The data indicates that in the absence of oxygen the lean alloys behave in a similar manner to uranium and evolve hydrogen in approximately theoretical quantities. But the stainless alloys absorb most of the product hydrogen and assessments of reactivity based on hydrogen evolution would be very inaccurate. The direction that future corrosion work on these materials should take is recommended

  5. Process for electrolytically preparing uranium metal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Paul A.

    1989-01-01

    A process for making uranium metal from uranium oxide by first fluorinating uranium oxide to form uranium tetrafluoride and next electrolytically reducing the uranium tetrafluoride with a carbon anode to form uranium metal and CF.sub.4. The CF.sub.4 is reused in the fluorination reaction rather than being disposed of as a hazardous waste.

  6. Teologi Biblika Perjanjian Baru Tentang Hakim Yang Akan Datang: Kajian Tentang Eskatologi Dalam Perjanjian Baru Dan Implementasinya Dalam Pendidikan Agama Kristen Di Sekolah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Rumante

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Adapun tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penulisan ini adalah: Untuk mengetahuisejauh mana topik eskatologi telah mendapat perhatian yang cukup dalam pembelajaranPAK di sekolah khususnya di SD dan SMP. Menjelaskan bagaimana seharusnyapengimplementasian topik eskatologi dalam pembelajaran PAK di sekolah khususnya diSD dan SMP.Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam rangka penulisan ini adalah penelitianpustaka (Library Research yakni pengumpulan data dari buku-buku seperti yangtercantum dalam Daftar Pustaka.Berdasarkan pemaparan singkat di atas, maka penulis menyimpulan bahwa:Pertama, Pengajaran tentang eskatologi dalam PAK di sekolah khususnya di SD danSMP sangat penting tetapi masih sangat kurang mendapat perhatian. Hal itu jelas bilakita memerhatikan kurikulum PAK yang tidak mencantumkan topik eskatologi sebagaisalah satu materi pokok. Kedua, Dalam rangka pengimplementasian topik eskatologidalam pengajaran PAK di sekolah, maka hal-hal yang harus ditekankan adalah nasihatuntuk berjaga-jaga, bekerja dengan setia, pelita kita harus tetap menyala danmengembangkan talenta yang diberikan oleh Tuhan.

  7. Efektivitas Pijat dalam Mengurangi Nyeri pada Kala I Persalinan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octa Dwienda R

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Pijat merupakan salah satu cara mengurangi rasa nyeri karena proses pemijatan dapat menghambat sinyal nyeri, Ibu bersalin yang mendapat pijatan selama 20 menit selama proses persalinan akan lebih terbebas dari rasa sakit. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efektivitas pijat dalam mengurangi nyeri persalinan pada ibu bersalin. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian quasi eksperimen dengan menggunakan rancangan penelitian prepost test. Lokasi penelitian adalah bidan praktik mandiri (BPS ernita Pekanbaru yang dilakukan pada bulan AprilJuni 2014. Populasi dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 30 orang dengan teknik pengambilan sampel adalah Purposive Sampling. Data dalam penelitian ini merupakan data primer yang dianalisis menggunakan uji Paired Sample T-Test (dependent T-Test dengan derajat α =0,05. Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa rata-rata skala nyeri persalinan sebelum pijat adalah 8,67, sesudah pijat adalah 5,33. Sedangkan untuk metode sebelum pemberian obat anti nyeri adalah 9,47 dan sesudah pemberian obat adalah 3,07. Pemberian pijat dan obat efektif dalam mengurangi nyeri dengan p value : 0,001. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode pijat efektif dalam mengurangi nyeri persalinan pada ibu bersalin fase aktif kala I di BPS Ernita Pekanbaru

  8. TRADISI DOI’ MENRE’ Dalam Pernikahan Adat Bugis Di Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Pattiroy

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Perkawinan merupakan salah satu sendi kehidupan masyarakat yang tidak bisa lepas dari tradisi yang telah dimodifikasi agar sesuai dengan ajaran yang mereka anut. Adat istiadat tertentu tampak begitu menyatu dalam kehidupan masyarakat. Ia juga ikut berperan aktif dalam mengatur tentang perkawinan. Secara spesifik, praktis adat semacam ini dapat ditemukan dalam model Perkawinan Adat Bugis di Jambi. Doi’ menre’ adalah ketentuan adat yang mensyaratkan bahwa seorang suami harus memberikan suatu pemberian kepada seorang perempuan yang jumlahnya sesuai dengan kesepakatan antara pihak laki-laki dengan pihak perempuan, di samping kewajibannya untuk memberikan mahar sebagaimana yang diatur dalam hukum perkawinan Islam. Melihat persoalan ini, timbul kesan bahwa ada dua kewajiban yang mesti dilakukan oleh calon suami kepada calon istri, yaitu kewajiban memberi pemberian adat yang dikenal dengan istilah doi’ menre’ dan kewajiban untuk memberikan mahar sebagaimana yang disyari’atkan dalam hukum perkawinan Islam. Sepintas hal ini sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam atau setidak-tidaknya menyulitkan masyarakat Bugis di dalam melaksanakan perkawinan, padahal Islam hanya mensyaratkan mahar, tidak lebih dari itu.

  9. Decission Support System (DSS dalam Auditing Untuk Apa Digunakan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyono Puji Prasetyo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Komputer semakin sering digunakan pada kantor akuntan. Tidak hanya digunakan untuk menggantikan kegiatan yang bersifat manual, tetapi juga sebagai alat bantu bagi akuntan dalam pengambilan keputusan. Keputusan yang dibuat dengan dukungan (decision support sistem komputer ini diharapkan tidak hanya akan lebih efisien, tetapi juga lebih efektif dalam mencapai tujuan. Konsekuensi-nya, bantuan semacam itu memperoleh dukungan yang luas untuk digunakan dalam auditing dan bidang pekerjaan lainnya. Apa yang menyebabkan Decision Support System (DSS digunakan adalah kemampuannya membantu akuntan dalam proses pembuatan keputusan audit. Alat ini perlu dipergunakan oleh akuntan karena profesi akuntansi berhadapan dengan pasar yang semakin besar, saingan yang lebih ketat serta tekanan hukum, sehingga auditor independen dituntut untuk mengembangkan kualitas pelayanan audit dengan harga yang lebih kompetitif.Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk membahas penggunaan Decision Support System (DSS dalam auditing. Pembahasan akan dimulai dengan sejarah perkembangan komputer yang kemudian disusul dengan uraian tentang decision support system (DSS. Uraian yang agak luas mengenai penggunaan DSS dalam auditing diberikan pada seksi berikutnya. Berdasarkan uraian mengenai DSS tersebut akan diberikan kesimpulan untuk mengakhiri tulisan ini.

  10. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN GURU DALAM PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI PADA KEGIATAN PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ceha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam upaya peningkatan mutu mengajar dan mutu pembelajaran di era globalisasi, guru sebaiknya menguasai program komputer, agar dapat memanfaatkan teknologi yang telah tersedia dan untuk memudahkan dalam mengajar. Guru hendaknya dapat menggunakan peralatan yang lebih ekonomis, efisien, dan mampu dimiliki oleh sekolah, tidak menolak digunakannya peralatan teknologi modern yang relevan dengan tuntutan masyarakat dan perkembangan zaman, serta mempunyai berbagai keterampilan yang mendukung tugasnya dalam mengajar. Salah satu keterampilan tersebut adalah bagaimana seorang guru dapat menggunakan media pembelajaran (Syaiful Bahri, 2006. Guru dapat membuat kreasi dan variasi media interaktif, pembuatan CD pembelajaran interaktif, powerpoint, dan dengan media komputer. Masalah utama yang dihadapi mitra saat ini adalah kemampuan guru dalam pemanfaatan IT atau ICT untuk kegiatan pembelajaran belum merata. Selain itu juga masih adanya kesenjangan literasi TIK antar wilayah di satu sisi dan perkembangan internet yang juga membawa dampak negatif terhadap nilai dan norma masyarakat sehingga perlu dilakukan upaya secara aktif dari semua stakeholder sekolah dalam peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran dengan memanfaatkan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Kegiatan Pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang diusulkan bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan guru mengenai pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi pada kegiatan pembelajaran, meningkatkan kemampuan guru untuk membuat bahan ajar pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi sehingga dapat mengoptimalkan potensi yang ada di sekolah mitra dalam pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi untuk peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran

  11. Demonisasi Islam dalam Film ‘Tanda Tanya (?’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajab Ritonga

    2013-09-01

    ABSTRAK   Film ‘Tanda Tanya (?’ merupakan sebuah karya cinema Indonesia yang mengundang banyak kontroversi. Kontroversi terletak pada bagaimana film ini mengkonstruksikan pesan-pesannya terkait penggambaran citra Islam. Citra Islam yang digambarkan dalam film ini mengandung simbol-simbol yang menciptakan sebuah demonisasi pada kon- struksi Islam dan muslim. Dalam penelitian ini teori naratif digunakan sebagai alat un- tuk memberikan gambaran tentang fenomena demonisasi. Teori naratif yang digunakan berfokus pada model analisis aktansial greimas yang menitikberatkan bagaimana naratif menciptakan sebuah cerita dan bagaimana cerita menjadi sebuah wacana naratif. Analisis semiotik yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berdasarkan penggunaan dalam paradigma konstruktivis yang bertujuan mengkonstruksi fenomena sebagai sebuah jawaban. Temuan penelitian ini ialah demonisasi umat Islam dikonstruksikan melalui sekuen/babakan nara- tif dalam film ‘Tanda Tanya’. Film ini menggambarkan Islam dalam sebuah citra masyara- kat yang tradisional, tidak beradab, teroris, merusak, dan agresif. Ini menciptakan suatu pemaknaan Islam sebagai masyarakat, agama, dan nilai yang demonik dan negatif.   Kata kunci: demonisasi, Islam, naratif

  12. Uranium exploration in Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Battey, G.C.; Hawkins, B.W.

    1977-01-01

    As a result of exploration which recommenced in 1966 Australia's uranium reserves increased from 6,200 tonnes in 1967 to 227,000 tonnes uranium by June 1976. Most discoveries in the early 1950's were made by prospectors. The increase in reserves during the past decade is the result of exploration by companies utilising improved technology in areas selected as geologically favourable. These reserves were established at relatively low cost. In the Alligator Rivers Uranium Province the ''vein'' type deposits at Jabiluka, Ranger, Koongarra and Nabarlek contain 17% of the world's reserves. Most of these discoveries resulted from the investigation of airborne radiometric anomalies but cover over the prospective host rocks will necessitate the future use of costlier and more indirect exploration techniques. There was exploration for sandstone type uranium deposits in most of Australia's sedimentary basins. The greatest success was achieved in the Lake Frome Basin in South Australia. Other deposits were found in the Ngalia and Amadeus Basins in Central Australia and in the Westmoreland area, N.W. Queensland. A major uranium deposit was found in an unusual environment at Yeelirrie, Western Australia where carnotite occurs in a caliche and clay host which fills a shallow, ancient drainage channel. Although caliche occurrences are relatively widespread on the Precambrian shield no other economic deposit has been found. Recent discoveries in the Georgetown area of Queensland indicate the presence of another uranium province but it is too early to assess its potential. The ore occurs in clastic sediments at the base of a volcanic sequence overlying a Precambrian basement. Several companies which have established large uranium reserves have a number of additional attractive prospects. Exploration activity in Australia in 1975 was at a lower level than in previous years, but the potential for discovering further deposits is considered to be high

  13. Australia's uranium export potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mosher, D.V.

    1981-01-01

    During the period 1954-71 in Australia approximately 9000 MT of U 3 O 8 was produced from five separate localities. Of this, 7000 MT was exported to the United Kingdom and United States and the balance stockpiled by the Australian Atomic Energy Commission (AAEC). Australia's uranium ore reserves occur in eight deposits in three states and the Northern Territory. However, 83% of Australia's reserves are contained in four deposits in lower Proterozoic rocks in the East Alligator River region of the Northern Territory. The AAEC has calculated Australia's recoverable uranium reserves by eliminating estimated losses during the mining and milling of the ores. AAEC has estimated reasonably assured resources of 289,000 MT of uranium at a recovery cost of less than US$80 per kilogram uranium. The companies have collectively announced a larger ore reserve than the Australian Atomic Energy Commission. This difference is a result of the companies adopting different ore reserve categories. On August 25, 1977, the federal government announced that Australia would develop its uranium resources subject to stringent environmental controls, recognition of Aboriginal Land Rights, and international safeguards. Australian uranium production should gradually increase from 1981 onward, growing to 10,000 to 15,000 MT by 1985-86. Further increases in capacity may emerge during the second half of the 1980s when expansion plans are implemented. Exploration for uranium has not been intensive due to delays in developing the existing deposits. It is likely that present reserves can be substantially upgraded if more exploration is carried out. 6 figures, 3 tables

  14. Influence of uranium hydride oxidation on uranium metal behaviour

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patel, N.; Hambley, D.; Clarke, S.A.; Simpson, K.

    2013-01-01

    This work addresses concerns that the rapid, exothermic oxidation of active uranium hydride in air could stimulate an exothermic reaction (burning) involving any adjacent uranium metal, so as to increase the potential hazard arising from a hydride reaction. The effect of the thermal reaction of active uranium hydride, especially in contact with uranium metal, does not increase in proportion with hydride mass, particularly when considering large quantities of hydride. Whether uranium metal continues to burn in the long term is a function of the uranium metal and its surroundings. The source of the initial heat input to the uranium, if sufficient to cause ignition, is not important. Sustained burning of uranium requires the rate of heat generation to be sufficient to offset the total rate of heat loss so as to maintain an elevated temperature. For dense uranium, this is very difficult to achieve in naturally occurring circumstances. Areas of the uranium surface can lose heat but not generate heat. Heat can be lost by conduction, through contact with other materials, and by convection and radiation, e.g. from areas where the uranium surface is covered with a layer of oxidised material, such as burned-out hydride or from fuel cladding. These rates of heat loss are highly significant in relation to the rate of heat generation by sustained oxidation of uranium in air. Finite volume modelling has been used to examine the behaviour of a magnesium-clad uranium metal fuel element within a bottle surrounded by other un-bottled fuel elements. In the event that the bottle is breached, suddenly, in air, it can be concluded that the bulk uranium metal oxidation reaction will not reach a self-sustaining level and the mass of uranium oxidised will likely to be small in relation to mass of uranium hydride oxidised. (authors)

  15. Influence of uranium hydride oxidation on uranium metal behaviour

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patel, N.; Hambley, D. [National Nuclear Laboratory (United Kingdom); Clarke, S.A. [Sellafield Ltd (United Kingdom); Simpson, K.

    2013-07-01

    This work addresses concerns that the rapid, exothermic oxidation of active uranium hydride in air could stimulate an exothermic reaction (burning) involving any adjacent uranium metal, so as to increase the potential hazard arising from a hydride reaction. The effect of the thermal reaction of active uranium hydride, especially in contact with uranium metal, does not increase in proportion with hydride mass, particularly when considering large quantities of hydride. Whether uranium metal continues to burn in the long term is a function of the uranium metal and its surroundings. The source of the initial heat input to the uranium, if sufficient to cause ignition, is not important. Sustained burning of uranium requires the rate of heat generation to be sufficient to offset the total rate of heat loss so as to maintain an elevated temperature. For dense uranium, this is very difficult to achieve in naturally occurring circumstances. Areas of the uranium surface can lose heat but not generate heat. Heat can be lost by conduction, through contact with other materials, and by convection and radiation, e.g. from areas where the uranium surface is covered with a layer of oxidised material, such as burned-out hydride or from fuel cladding. These rates of heat loss are highly significant in relation to the rate of heat generation by sustained oxidation of uranium in air. Finite volume modelling has been used to examine the behaviour of a magnesium-clad uranium metal fuel element within a bottle surrounded by other un-bottled fuel elements. In the event that the bottle is breached, suddenly, in air, it can be concluded that the bulk uranium metal oxidation reaction will not reach a self-sustaining level and the mass of uranium oxidised will likely to be small in relation to mass of uranium hydride oxidised. (authors)

  16. Uranium in Niger; L'uranium au Niger

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabelmann, E

    1978-03-15

    This document presents government policy in the enhancement of uranium resources, existing mining companies and their productions, exploitation projects and economical outcome related to the uranium mining and auxiliary activities. [French] Le document presente la politique de l'Etat dans le cadre de la mise en valeur des ressources d'uranium, les societes minieres existantes et leurs productions, les projets d'exploitation d'uranium et les retombees economiques liees aux activites uraniferes et connexes.

  17. ASPEK-ASPEK BIAYA DALAM JASA INFORMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Margono

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The value of information depends on its content, how to find it, and how to utilize it to support user's activities. It means that the value of information can only be determined until the information has been received. First step for analyzing such cost are to identify and classify them properly. This classification should be based on the total costs of entire service activities such as direct costs, indirect costs, and some instances of additional costs. The important elements for determining costs that are burdened to users are salaries, raw materials or collection costs, and unexpected costs. The strategy for determining cost of information service in library depends on the aim for offering the services, price of service/product, and the fitness between the needs and the information provided as well as the demand for the services being offered. Although the cost and price of information services could be determined by five approaches -(those are optimal pricing, pricing according to value, pricing for full cost recovery, marginal cost pricing, and free distribution of services information- provider must consider the content of information. It means that the calculation of information service cost should be based not only by fixed and variable costs, but also by the information contents and depreciation of each collection. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Nilai informasi sangat tergantung dari isi, cara perolehan, dan manfaatnya bagi pengguna dalam mendukung aktivitas yang sedang dilakukan. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa nilai informasi baru dapat ditentukan kemudian setelah informasi itu diperoleh. Langkah awal yang harus ditempuh untuk melakukan analisis biaya adalah dengan mengidentifikasi dan mengklasifikasi biaya yang dimaksud. Klasifikasi lebih didasarkan pada biaya total dari keseluruhan aktivitas jasa, yang terdiri atas biaya langsung, biaya tidak langsung, dan biaya tambahan. Elemen-elemen yang harus diperhatikan oleh pengelola

  18. MANAJEMEN KONFLIK SOSIAL DALAM MASYARAKAT NELAYAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTONY - WIJAYA

    2012-05-01

    Kemitraan usaha antara nelayan tradisional dengan nelayan modern. Upaya-upaya yang dilakukan Pemerintah Kota maupun Pemerintah Propinsi Bengkulu dalam menyelesaikan konflik yang terjadi tersebut adalah melalui upaya-upaya sebagai berikut : (1 Masih bersifat insidentil, dimana pemerintah baru turun tangan jika konflik yang terjadi telah berbentuk benturan fisik seperti : penyerangan kapal-kapal di tengah laut, penyerangan rumah nelayan dan sebagainya, sedang upaya pra konflik terjadi dalam rangka mengantisipasinya belum ada yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah; (2 Pasca konflik terjadi, pemerintah melakukan pengawasan terhadap kegiatan para nelayan terutama nelayan modern, melalui tim yang dibentuk oleh Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Propvinsi Bengkulu berkoordinasi dengan Polresta dan AL agar tidak ada lagi yang mengoperasikan alat tangkap yang telah dilarang penggunaannya; (3 Memanggil para perwakilan nelayan tradisional dan perwakilan nelayan modern untuk berdamai dan bermusyawarah untuk menyelesaikan konflik yang telah terjadi selama ini; (4 Bantuan kapal motor kepada kelompok nelayan tradisional untuk digunakan sebagai tindakan pengawasan terhadap kegiatan nelayan modern dalam melakukan penangkapan ikan. Kata kunci: Nelayan, konflik sosial

  19. Kebijakan Pemerintah dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Domestik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surahma Asti Mulasari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sampah berpotensi menciptakan masalah kesehatan lingkungan. Pemerintah mengupayakan berbagai kebijakan pengelolaan sampah seperti pelayanan sampah dan memberdayakan masyarakat untuk mengelola sampah secara mandiri. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kebijakan pemerintah dalam mengelola sampah domestik di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY, perubahan kualitas lingkungan dan masyarakat akibat kebijakan pengelolaan sampah, dan untuk mengetahui metode pemantauan dan pengelolaan sampah yang ada di DIY. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan rancangan studi kasus. Fenomena yang menjadi studi dalam penelitian ini adalah kebijakan pengelolaan sampah di DIY. Permasalahan sampah yang ada di DIY adalah cakupan pelayanan pemerintah kabupaten yang masih sangat rendah, kecuali Kota Yogyakarta (90%. Sampah terangkut ke tempat pembuangan akhir masih rendah dibandingkan volume sampah yang dihasilkan. Kebijakan untuk pengelolaan sampah adalah di seluruh kabupaten/kota DIY telah terbentuk badan/unit yang bertanggung jawab mengelola sampah. Perubahan kualitas lingkungan dan masyarakat adalah lingkungan dan jalan menjadi bersih, asri, dan nyaman. Metode pemantauan dan evaluasi kebijakan pengelolaan sampah di DIY belum dituangkan dalam prosedur baku. Permasalahan sampah sudah menjadi perhatian bagi pemerintah daerah DIY. Kebijakan telah didukung dengan program layanan, proyek, regulasi, dan insentif khusus untuk pengelolaan sampah. Waste had great potential in creating environmental health issues. The government had tried various ways of waste management policy such as waste management services and people empowerment to manage their waste independently. The objectives of this study is to observe the problem of garbage in the Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY, the Government’s policy in managing domestic waste in DIY, the changes in environmental quality and community impact of the waste management, and the methods of monitoring and managing waste in DIY

  20. EKSISTENSI GRUP KUA ETNIKA DALAM KONTEKS MULTIKULTURALISME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satmoko Purbo Lukito

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Komunitas Kua Etnika tak pernah lepas dari kegiatan seni yang berbau musik etnik. Kua Etnika ingin melakukan penjelajahan kreatif antara kesenian tradisional dengan kesenian modern yang menghasilkan sebuah eksistensi. Penelitian ini digunakan untuk memperoleh data mengenai (1 Bagaimanakah eksistensi grup Kua Etnika dalam konteks pertunjukan musik di Indonesia? (2 Bagaimanakah komposisi musik grup Kua Etnika dalam konteks multikulturalisme?Objek penelitian iniKomplek Padepokan Seni Bagong Kusudihardja.Sumber data berasal dari hasil obsevasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Analisa penelitian ini melalui langkah-langkah: (1 reduksi data, (2 penyajian data, (3 verifikasi atau kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa penyajian musik Kua Etnika termasuk dalam bentuk musik etnik kontemporer. Kua Etnika mengeluarkan album sebanyak 8 buah. Alat musik yang digunakan meliputi gitar elektrik, bass elektrik, keyboard, drum, talempong, bonang, reong, saron, pamade, gordang, djembe dan perkusi dari berbagai daerah. Komposisi serta aransemen yang dimainkan melibatkan gaya musik dari berbagai etnis, seperti Jawa, Sunda, Bali, Kalimantan, Sumatra, Cina, bahkan Africa. Community Kua Etnika never out of art activities that smells of ethnic music. Kua Etnika want to do a creative exploration of traditional art with modern art that generates an existence. This research was used toobta in data on (1 How does the existence of the group Kua Etnika in the context of musical performances in Indonesia? (2 How does the composition of the group Kua Etnika music in the context of multiculturalism? The object of this study Padepokan Arts Complex Bagong Kusudihardja. Source of data derived from the results of observation, interviews and documentation. Analysis of this research through the steps: (1 data reduction, (2 the presentation of the data, (3 verification or conclusion. The results found that the presentation of music Kua Etnika including in the form of contemporary

  1. Pyrophoric behaviour of uranium hydride and uranium powders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Guyadec, F.; Génin, X.; Bayle, J. P.; Dugne, O.; Duhart-Barone, A.; Ablitzer, C.

    2010-01-01

    Thermal stability and spontaneous ignition conditions of uranium hydride and uranium metal fine powders have been studied and observed in an original and dedicated experimental device placed inside a glove box under flowing pure argon. Pure uranium hydride powder with low amount of oxide (Oxidation mechanisms are proposed.

  2. PERILAKU POLITIK PEMILIH PEMULA DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMILIHAN PRESIDEN 2014 DI DESA KANAUNGAN KECAMATAN LABAKKANG KABUPATEN PANGKEP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raoda Nur

    2015-04-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perilaku politik pemilih pemula dalam pelaksanaan pemilihan Presiden dan wakil Presiden 2014 serta untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku politik pemilih pemula dalam pelaksanaan pemilihan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Di Desa Kanaungan Kecamatan Labakkang Kabupaten Pangkep. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriftif kualitatif dan tipe penelitian studi kasus dengan jumlah informan 10 orang terdiri dari 1 orang Kepala Desa, 1 orang anggota KPPS, 3 orang anggota KPPS, dan 5 orang pemilih pemula. Data perilaku politik pemilih pemula di kumpul dengan menggunakan instrumen berupa observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Data tersebut dianalisis melalui tahap reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pemilih pemula dalam menggunakan hak pilihnya dalam pemilihan presiden dan wakil presiden masih kurang karena kesadaran mereka akan pentingnya dalam melakukan pemilihan, mengikuti pilihan orang tua menjadi alasan utama dalam memilih, rasa kagum yang dimiliki pada kandidat menjadi alasan dalam memilih dan tidak rasional dalam menggunakan hak suara yang dimiliki.

  3. MENETAPKAN VALIDITAS KONVERGEN DAN DIVERGEN DALAM MATRIKS MULTITRAIT-MULTIMETHOD(MTMM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Prakosa

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini mencoba menjelaskan bagaimana teknik multitrait-multimethod diterapkan dalam proses validasi konstrak. Multitrait-multimethod, disingkat MTMM, pertama kali diperkenalkan oleh Donald T. Campbell dan Donald W. Fiske dalam Psychological Bulletin (1959.

  4. Uranium Supply Strategy of China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao Shangxiong; Zhang Decun; Zhang Yi

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion: With the rapid development of nuclear power in the next few years, uranium demand will increase accordingly. Overseas uranium development will be the major channel to meet the future requirement of NPP demand in China.

  5. Collect method of uranium hexafluoride

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moura, S.C.; Bustillos, O.W.V.

    1991-01-01

    A collect method of uranium hexafluoride was designed, constructed and assembled in Analytical Laboratory from Instituto de Energia Atomica, Sao Paulo, Brazil. This method of collect is main for quality control of uranium hexafluoride. (author)

  6. METHOD OF RECOVERING URANIUM COMPOUNDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poirier, R.H.

    1957-10-29

    S>The recovery of uranium compounds which have been adsorbed on anion exchange resins is discussed. The uranium and thorium-containing residues from monazite processed by alkali hydroxide are separated from solution, and leached with an alkali metal carbonate solution, whereby the uranium and thorium hydrorides are dissolved. The carbonate solution is then passed over an anion exchange resin causing the uranium to be adsorbed while the thorium remains in solution. The uranium may be recovered by contacting the uranium-holding resin with an aqueous ammonium carbonate solution whereby the uranium values are eluted from the resin and then heating the eluate whereby carbon dioxide and ammonia are given off, the pH value of the solution is lowered, and the uranium is precipitated.

  7. The case against uranium mining

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robotham, F.P.

    1980-01-01

    Australia is a potential uranium supplier. The case against uranium mining is presented. Biological effects of radiation, risks involved in reactor operation and the problems of waste disposal are discussed

  8. Uranium development in Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karniliyus, J.; Egieya, J.

    2014-01-01

    Nigeria uranium exploration started in 1973. Uranium was found in seven states of the country; Cross River, Adamawa, Taraba, Plateau, Bauchi, Kogi and Kano. Three government agencies were involved. At the end of the various exploration campaigns in 2001, the uranium reserve was estimated at about 200 t U. The Grade ranges from 0.63% - 0-9% at a vertical depth between 130 – 200 m. Currently, the Nigeria Atomic Energy Commission activated in 2006 is charged with the responsibility among others to prospect for and mine radioactive minerals. The main aim of this poster presentation is to review the development of uranium in Nigeria with a view to encourage local and international investors to develop and exploit these deposits. Nigeria is located on latitude 100 N and longitude 80 E surrounded in the north by Niger and Chad, in the east by Cameroun and in the west by the Benin Republic. Available data indicated the viability of mineral investment in the Nigerian uranium resources. With the current economic reforms and investment incentives in Nigeria, interested investors are highly welcome to take advantage of developing these mineral resources. (author)

  9. Uranium tailings sampling manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feenstra, S.; Reades, D.W.; Cherry, J.A.; Chambers, D.B.; Case, G.G.; Ibbotson, B.G.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this manual is to describe the requisite sampling procedures for the application of uniform high-quality standards to detailed geotechnical, hydrogeological, geochemical and air quality measurements at Canadian uranium tailings disposal sites. The selection and implementation of applicable sampling procedures for such measurements at uranium tailings disposal sites are complicated by two primary factors. Firstly, the physical and chemical nature of uranium mine tailings and effluent is considerably different from natural soil materials and natural waters. Consequently, many conventional methods for the collection and analysis of natural soils and waters are not directly applicable to tailings. Secondly, there is a wide range in the physical and chemical nature of uranium tailings. The composition of the ore, the milling process, the nature of tailings depositon, and effluent treatment vary considerably and are highly site-specific. Therefore, the definition and implementation of sampling programs for uranium tailings disposal sites require considerable evaluation, and often innovation, to ensure that appropriate sampling and analysis methods are used which provide the flexibility to take into account site-specific considerations. The following chapters describe the objective and scope of a sampling program, preliminary data collection, and the procedures for sampling of tailings solids, surface water and seepage, tailings pore-water, and wind-blown dust and radon

  10. Uranium hexafluoride handling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-01-01

    The United States Department of Energy, Oak Ridge Field Office, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., are co-sponsoring this Second International Conference on Uranium Hexafluoride Handling. The conference is offered as a forum for the exchange of information and concepts regarding the technical and regulatory issues and the safety aspects which relate to the handling of uranium hexafluoride. Through the papers presented here, we attempt not only to share technological advances and lessons learned, but also to demonstrate that we are concerned about the health and safety of our workers and the public, and are good stewards of the environment in which we all work and live. These proceedings are a compilation of the work of many experts in that phase of world-wide industry which comprises the nuclear fuel cycle. Their experience spans the entire range over which uranium hexafluoride is involved in the fuel cycle, from the production of UF 6 from the naturally-occurring oxide to its re-conversion to oxide for reactor fuels. The papers furnish insights into the chemical, physical, and nuclear properties of uranium hexafluoride as they influence its transport, storage, and the design and operation of plant-scale facilities for production, processing, and conversion to oxide. The papers demonstrate, in an industry often cited for its excellent safety record, continuing efforts to further improve safety in all areas of handling uranium hexafluoride

  11. Uranium hexafluoride handling. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-12-31

    The United States Department of Energy, Oak Ridge Field Office, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., are co-sponsoring this Second International Conference on Uranium Hexafluoride Handling. The conference is offered as a forum for the exchange of information and concepts regarding the technical and regulatory issues and the safety aspects which relate to the handling of uranium hexafluoride. Through the papers presented here, we attempt not only to share technological advances and lessons learned, but also to demonstrate that we are concerned about the health and safety of our workers and the public, and are good stewards of the environment in which we all work and live. These proceedings are a compilation of the work of many experts in that phase of world-wide industry which comprises the nuclear fuel cycle. Their experience spans the entire range over which uranium hexafluoride is involved in the fuel cycle, from the production of UF{sub 6} from the naturally-occurring oxide to its re-conversion to oxide for reactor fuels. The papers furnish insights into the chemical, physical, and nuclear properties of uranium hexafluoride as they influence its transport, storage, and the design and operation of plant-scale facilities for production, processing, and conversion to oxide. The papers demonstrate, in an industry often cited for its excellent safety record, continuing efforts to further improve safety in all areas of handling uranium hexafluoride. Selected papers were processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  12. International uranium market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neff, T.L.; Jacoby, H.D.

    1980-12-01

    Discussed in this report are 1) how one might think about uranium demand, resources and supply, 2) how producers and consumers see the market and are likely to behave, including specifics about export and import commitments, and 3) how these actors are brought together in the international market. The general conclusion is that much of current anxiety about future uranium supply results primarily from a brief but difficult period in the mid- to late-1970's; and that current conditions and trends are favorable (at least to consumers) that there is now little basis for concern. Inventories contractual positions and producer commitments--when compared with realistic (or even unrealistic) demand estimates--imply a buyer's market for at least the next decade. The result will be considerable increases in market flexibility and resilience to shock, and real prices that are low relative to those of the past few years. There is a need to reconsider assumptions about desired directions of technological development, for many current programs were planned in an era of pessimism about uranium supply and process. Similar questions must be raided about nonproliferation policies that depend on some level of control of fuel supplies by the industrial nations. With a soft and more diversified uranium market, leverage that may have existed in the past is rapidly being eroded. Finally, as world prices turn soft, there may be significant problems created for U.S. uranium producers, who have relatively high costs in relation to several large-scale foreign suppliers

  13. Domestic uranium exploration activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chenoweth, W.L.

    1980-01-01

    Uranium exploration in the United States reached its alltime high in 1978 when the chief exploration indicator, surface drilling, totaled 47 million feet. In 1979, however, total drilling declined to 41 million feet, and during the first 8 months of 1980 the trend continued, as surface drilling was 27% less than for the same period in 1979. The total drilling for 1980 now is expected to be below 30 million feet, far less than the 39.4 million feet planned by industry at the beginning of the year. Falling uranium prices, the uncertainties of future uranium demand, rising costs, and the possibility of stiff foreign competition are the prime causes for the current reduction in domestic uranium exploration. Uranium exploration in the United States continues to be concentrated in the vicinity of major producing areas such as the San Juan Basin, Wyoming Basins, Texas Coastal Plain, Paradox Basin, and northeastern Washington, and in areas of recent discoveries including the Henry Mountains, Utah, the McDermitt caldera in Nevada and Oregon, and central Colorado. The distributions, by location, of total surface drilling for 1979 and the first half of 1980 are presented

  14. Radiation damage of metal uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mihajlovic, A.

    1965-01-01

    This report is concerned with the role of dispersion second phase in uranium and burnup rate. The role of dispersion phases in radiation stability of metal uranium was studies by three methods: variation of electric conductivity dependent on the neutron flux and temperature of pure uranium for different states of dispersion second phase; influence of dispersion phase on the radiation creep; transmission electron microscopy of fresh and irradiated uranium

  15. Uranium market 1986-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-01-01

    The report on the uranium market describes the technical and economic factors influencing the nuclear fuel industry in mid-1986. The contents of the report includes a discussion of: the nuclear generating capacity, the demand for uranium (requirements and procurements), supplies of uranium, and the interaction between supply and demand. The report does not study in depth the effects of the Chernobyl accident on the uranium market.

  16. Uranium resources, production and demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-01-01

    Nuclear power-generating capacity will continue to expand, albeit at a slower pace than during the past fifteen years. This expansion must be matched by an adequately increasing supply of uranium. This report compares uranium supply and demand data in free market countries with the nuclear industry's natural uranium requirements up to the year 2000. It also reviews the status of uranium exploration, resources and production in 46 countries

  17. The economics of uranium demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Owen, A.D.

    1983-01-01

    The major characteristics of the demand for uranium are identified, and a number of factors which determine the actual level of uranium requirements of the nuclear power industry are discussed. Since the role of inventories is central to the process of short-term price formation, by comparing projections of uranium production and apparent consumption, the relative level of total inventories is calculated and an assessment is made of its likely impact on the uranium market during the 1980s. (author)

  18. The Toxicity of Depleted Uranium

    OpenAIRE

    Briner, Wayne

    2010-01-01

    Depleted uranium (DU) is an emerging environmental pollutant that is introduced into the environment primarily by military activity. While depleted uranium is less radioactive than natural uranium, it still retains all the chemical toxicity associated with the original element. In large doses the kidney is the target organ for the acute chemical toxicity of this metal, producing potentially lethal tubular necrosis. In contrast, chronic low dose exposure to depleted uranium may not produce a c...

  19. Elemen Kebangsawanan dalam Pemilihan Pemimpin: Analisis Kontekstual Pemilihan Saidina Abu Bakr, Muawiyyah serta Kesultanan Melayu

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Haidhar Kamarzaman; Norakmal Azraf Awaluddin; Muhammad Akmal Othoman; Yusri Mohamad Ramli

    2013-01-01

    Pemilihan pemimpin negara dalam Islam merupakan tugas yang berat ini selaras dengan kepentingannya dilihat sebagai pengganti Rasulullah (s.a.w) iaitu menyebarkan Islam dan mentadbir kelangsungan Islam. Namun yang menjadi fokus kepada penulisan ini adalah faktor kebangsawanan dalam pelantikan pemimpin dalam Islam. Kajian ini memfokuskan kepada sejarah bagaimana elemen kebangsawanan kaum Quraisy bagi Saidina Abu Bakar r.a menjadi faktor yang berpengaruh dalam pelantikan beliau sebagai khalifah ...

  20. WHITE SPACE DALAM IKLAN DI MEDIA CETAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrian D. Hagijanto

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Readers are often unware of advertisments published in print media%2C therefore the elements of communication design composed in the promotion process fail to reach the objectives. One of the methods use to gain attention from the readers so they focus their vision to the advertisment is by presenting the lay out using white space. This article is to discuss about white space in media advertisments%2C especially newspaper and magazines. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Iklan pada media cetak terkadang dilewati begitu saja oleh pembaca%2C sehingga proses promosi yang dikemas dengan elemen desain komunikasi visual itu gagal mencapai tujuannya. Salah satu cara untuk menarik perhatian pembaca agar menghentikan sejenak kedua matanya dan mengamati iklan adalah dengan menciptakan layout iklan lewat peranan white space. Tulisan ini akan membahas mengenai white space di dalam iklan media cetak%2C khususnya koran dan majalah.

  1. FIGUR WANITA SEBAGAI PENARIK PANDANG DALAM IKLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrian D. Hagijanto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to gain brand awareness effectively%2C advertiser use unusual and sometimes inappropriate form of creatifity to make their ads more memorable such method includes the use of women s sexual attractions which%2C on the other hand%2C causes in fraction of ethical norms. Will this be called a deviations in ads or a compromise approach to the audience taste? Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Untuk mencapai brand awareness yang lebih tinggi%2C pengiklan harus membuat iklannya menarik%2C lewat kreativitas yang tinggi. Ketika kreativitas itu menggunakan pendekatan yang terjebak oleh pelanggaran norma-norma etis kemasyarakatan -lewat eksploatasi figur wanita dan daya tarik yang melingkupinya-. Akankah kreativitas itu disebut sebagai penyimpangan dalam iklan? Ataukah sah-sah saja sebagai suatu bentuk pendekatan yang menuruti selera pasar. advertisement%2C women s sexual attractions%2C body language

  2. IMPLEMENTASI SUPERVISI KLINIS DALAM PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saiful Arif

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan Agama Islam perlu dilakukan langkahlangkah inovasi, termasuk pengembangan guru agama yang merupakan upaya terus-menerus dari suatu organisasi profesi keguruan. Pengembagan profesi guru agama Islam diarahkan pada peningkatan karir, pengetahuan, dan keterampilan yang dapat dilaksanakan secara formal dan informal. Pengembangan formal diselenggarakan dan menjadi tanggung jawab institusi penyelenggara pendidikan agama Islam itu, baik melalui penataran, tugas belajar, lokakarya dan sejenisnya. Sedangkan pengembangan informal merupakan tanggungjawab guru agama Islam yang dilaksanakan sendiri atau bersama dengan rekan kerjanya. Hambatan terhadap upaya ini timbul karena guru agama Islam sering terlalu terikat dengan pekerjaan rutinitas, kurangnya penyediaan sarana dan prasarana, dan atau kurang termotivasi diri dalam upaya mengembangkan profesionalitasnya. Sudah tentu pada aspek ini dibutuhkan adanya bantuan dan bimbingan dari seorang supervisor pendidikan Agama Islam, dan disinilah dibutuhkan adanya pelaksanaan supervisi klinis.

  3. TABU PEREMPUAN DALAM BUDAYA MASYARAKAT BANTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayatullah Humaeni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini mengkaji fenomena tabu (tabu perempuan dan maknanya bagi perempuan Banten. Bagaimana perempuan Banten memahami dan memaknai tabu-tabu yang hadir di sekitar mereka dan masih ditradisikan dari generasi ke generasi menjadi salah satu fokus utama artikel ini. Di samping itu, artikel ini juga mencoba mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis berbagai jenis tabu yang berhubungan dengan perempuan Banten. Artikel ini merupakan hasil penelitian lapangan dengan menggunakan metode study kasus yang bersifat deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan antropologis. Metode yang digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data adalah kajian pustaka, observasi, dan wawancara mendalam. Keberadaan tabu perempuan dalam budaya Banten, sedikit banyak, mempunyai pengaruh bagi kehidupan sosial keagamaan masyarakat Banten. Jika menganalisis isi dan makna tabu berdasarkan kontkes sosial kulturalnya, beragam tabu yang ada pada masyarakat Banten, khususnya yang berkaitan dengan tabu perempuan Banten, memiliki fungsi dan makna sebagai bentuk penjagaan moral dan perilaku, pemeliharaan identitas diri dan identitas sosial, memperkuat hubungan emosional, bentuk perlindungan, sampai simbol kasih sayang dan cinta.

  4. Paruman Tapakan Barong dalam Ritual Tapak Pertiwi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Dana

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Paruman Tapakan Barong on Tapak Pertiwi Ritual. Ritual tapak pertiwi siklus pelaksanaan ritual tahunandalam perhitungan kalender Bali, diselenggarakan terpusat dalam Paruman Tapakan Barong di Pura Natar SariApuan. Pelaksanaan ritual ini dihadiri oleh berbagai bentuk tapakan barong yang datang dari berbagai daerah sewilayah Bali Tengah yang memperoleh kekuatan pasupati di Pura Natar Sari Apuan. Aktivitas ritual ini bermaknamenyatunya kekuatan dewa sebagai simbol (purusa dengan dewi pertiwi simbol (pradana. Pertemuan keduaunsur kekuatan suci itu melahirkan gerak kehidupan, menyucikan alam semesta dari segala pengaruh negatif yangmengancam hidup dan kehidupan umat manusia di alam semesta ini. Oleh karena itu, masyarakat Hindu di Balimenghadirkan berbagai bentuk ritual keagamaan untuk menghormati menyatunya energi alam positif dan negatifdalam beragam wujud, termasuk ritual tapak pertiwi.

  5. LEGALISASI ABORSI DALAM PERSPEKTIF MEDIS DAN YURIDIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoirul Bariyyah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak:Akhir-akhir ini, banyak perempuan yang mengakhiri kehamilannya dengan cara aborsi. Setiap tahunnya data pelaku aborsi di Indonesia bukan semakin menurun namun sebaliknya. Data yang dihimpun Komnas Perlindungan Anak Indonesia (KPAI menemukan dalam kurun waktu tiga tahun (2008-2010 kasus aborsi terus meningkat. Pada 2008 ditemukan 2 juta jiwa anak korban Aborsi, tahun 2009 naik 300.000 menjadi 2,3 juta janin yang dibuang paksa. Sementara itu, pada 2010 naik 200.000 menjadi 2,5 juta jiwa. 62,6 persen pelaku di antaranya adalah anak berusia di bawah 18 tahun.. Lalu, bagaimana sebenarnya tanggapan dari pihak medis, yuridis, dan hukum Islam dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan ini? Tiga elemen ini sangat memengaruhi tindakan masyarakat. Dalam hal ini, para medis melihat bahwa aborsi hanya dapat dilakukan jika perempuan tersebut terindikasi penyakit yang mengancam hidupnya jika kehamilan itu tetap dipertahankan. Sedangkan hukum di Indonesia menindak tegas pelaku aborsi dan pada mereka yang membantu melakukan aborsi tersebut, namun aborsi juga dapat dilakukan pada korban perkosaan. Sedangkan dalam pandangan Islam, aborsi yang dilakukan secara sengaja adalah perbuatan yang benar-benar melanggar hukum apabila usia kehamilan sudah mencapai 120 hari. Tiga peraturan tersebut seharusnya dapat berkolaborasi agar mencapai keinginannya untuk mengurangi praktik aborsi, karena jika salah satunya tidak ada kesesuaian hukum dan ketidakpastian peraturan hal itu hanya akan membantu para pelaku aborsi muncul lebih banyak lagi.Abstract:Nowdays, there were many womans stopped their pregnancy by abortion. Every year, data of prepators of abortion in Indonesia not to be decrease but going to be on the increase. Data that are collected by Komnas Perlindungan Anak Indonesia (KPAI founds in three years (2008-2010, abortion case was going to be increase. In 2008 was found 2 million souls of child becomes the victims of abortion. In 2009, it was increase 300.000 souls

  6. KONSELING PERKAWINAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF AL-QUR’AN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Basit

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Problem-problem rumah tangga yang diakibatkan dari perkawinan, seperti perselingkuhan, konflik antar anggota keluarga, kekerasan dalam rumah tangga, dan perceraian merupakan fenomena nyata yang ada di masyarakat. Untuk membantu mengatasi problem-problem rumah tangga tersebut, diperlukanadanya konseling perkawinan. Salah satu sumber rujukan dalam mengkaji konseling perkawinan berasal dari Al-Qur’an. Al-Qur’an dapat dijadikan sebagai sumber rujukan dalam pengembangan konseling karena di dalam Al-Qur’an banyak dibahas tentang manusia dan relasinya dengan Tuhan, antar sesama, dan dengan alam semesta. Pandangan Al-Qur’an tentang manusia yang komprehensif dapat menjadi alternatif dalam menutupi kelemahan yang ada dalam beberapa pendekatan konseling yang ada. Konseling perkawinan dalam Al-Qur’an mencakup proses pendidikan, pendampingan, pengembangan, dan pemecahan masalah perkawinan. Selanjutnya, konseling perkawinan dalam Al-Qur’an juga tidak memisahkan antara konseling keluarga, konseling individu, dan konseling perkawinan itu sendiri. Semuanya menjadi satu kesatuan dalam konseling perkawinan, diawali dari pendidikan pra nikah, proses pernikahan, pasca pernikahan, pembentukan keluarga, hingga proses perceraian (jika terjadi. Pendekatan yang digunakan Al-Qur’an dalam melaksanakan konseling perkawinan bersifat komprehensif dan multifungsional, yakni gabungan dari pendekatan premarital counseling, structured modalities, multifamily group counseling, dan marital therapy. Kata Kunci: Konseling, Perkawinan, Al-Qur’an, keluarga, dan Islam.   MARRIAGE COUNSELING IN AL-QURAN PERSPECTIVE. Household problems resulting from marriage, such as infidelity, conflicts between family members, domestic violence, and divorce are a real phenomenon in society. To help overcome the problems of the household, the needed marriage counseling. One source of reference in assessing marriage counseling comes from al-Qur'an. Al-Qur'an can be used as a reference

  7. Transformasi Budaya dalam Kesenian Lengger Temanggung Perkotaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Sisworo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Lengger merupakan sebuah kesenian tari tradisional yang berkembang di daerah JawaTengah dan sekitarnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memahami fenomenatransformasi yang terjadi pada tari Lengger yang berkembang di wilayah perkotaanTemanggung. Berdasarkan penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kesenian ini memilikiberbagai varian dalam baik dari sisi tarian, bentuk penyajian, dan mitologiyang berkembang di masyarakat. Hal ini terjadi karena kesenian kerakyatan lebihbersifat sebagai manifestasi pola pikir dan interpretasi dari gejala-gejala yang munculdari kehidupan masyarakat pendukungnya, bahkan perkembangannya pun sangatdipengaruhi oleh perkembangan dan perubahan kehidupan masyarakatnya. Fungsidan peranan kesenian tradisi dalam masyarakat juga akan berubah dan berkembangmengikuti pola kehidupan masyarakatnya. Cultural Transformation in Lengger Temanggung Art. Culture constitutes aninseparable aspect of a human civilization. Culture has a variety of meanings stored ina system of civilization with thousands of virtue in it. Cultural change as the beginningof the transformation of culture is the basis of change in the culture of certain groups dueto the openness of people to accept emerging new cultural elements. Lengger dance is atraditional art developed in Central Java and the surrounding areas. Like jathilan andjaran kepang, Lengger art has differences in terms of dance, forms of presentation, andmythology developed in the community. This happens because the art is more popularthan a manifestation of the mindset and interpretation of the symptoms that arise fromsupporting community life, even its existence is strongly influenced by the developmentsand changes in people’s lives. In addition, the function and role of traditional arts in thecommunity will also change and evolve to follow the patterns of community life.

  8. Musik Internal dan Eksternal dalam Kesenian Randai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rustiyanti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Kehidupan musik pada masyarakat Minangkabau tidak terlepas adanya peranan serta fungsi yang melekat pada kesenian Randai. Melalui pendekatan etnomusikologi, tulisan ini menelaah peranan musik internal dan eksternal dalam kesenian Randai. Kesenian ini menggunakan medium seni ganda atau kolektif karena didukung oleh beberapa cabang seni antara lain tari, musik, teater, sastra, dan rupa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa musik iringan dalam Randai terbagi menjadi dua, yaitu musik internal dan musik eksternal. Musik internal adalah musik atau bunyi-bunyian yang berasal dari anggota tubuh manusia (penari, misalnya tepukan tangan, petik jari, tepuk dada, siulan, hentakan kaki ke tanah dan sebagainya, sedangkan musik eksternal adalah bunyi-bunyian atau suara yang berasal dari alat musik atau instrumen seperti talempong, gandang, saluang, dan rabab.   The Role of Internal and External Music in the Arts of Randai. The musical life in Minangkabau society is inseparable from its roles and functions which attach to the arts of Randai. Through the ethnomusicology approach, this paper examines the role of internal and external music in the art of Randai. Considering its sustainability and amendment, the musicality is the identity of Minangkabau society so that the sustainability of the music can be run in accordance with the dynamics of society today. Among the types of arts in Minangkabau, Randai is an art form that uses multiple or collective art medium for it is supported by several branches of the arts, including dance, music, theater arts, literary arts, and fine arts. The results of this study is more focused on the art of music. Musical accompaniment in Randai is divided into two, namely internal and external music. The internal music is the music or the sounds that come from the human body (a dancer, for example, clapping, finger picking, patting the chest, whistling, stomping on the ground, and so on, while the external music is the sounds

  9. PENERAPAN ANIMASI INTERAKTIF DALAM PENGENALAN AKSARA SUNDA

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    Siti Maria Holida

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Sundanese script is the work of Sundanese orthography to be maintained and preserved, because the Sundanese script is a cultural heritage that is priceless. Socialization of Sundanese script is very minimal done, although West Java government has to take legal actions in the form of regional regulations No. 5 of 2003 and the Governor's Decree no. 434 / SK.614 / dis-pk / 1999. Along with the increasing sophistication of technology, the use of interactive animations introduction Sundanese script can be used to promote literacy by explaining the meaning of the Sundanese, Sundanese script, history Sundanese script, how to write Sundanese script, as well as Sundanese script puzzle games as testing and entertainment. Application of interactive animation is the best solution which is very helpful in Sundanese script publicizes to the community, especially people of sundanese to be more interested in learning Sundanese script that became cultural heritage. Keywords : Interactive Animation , Script Sundanese Abstrak - Aksara Sunda merupakan hasil karya ortografi masyarakat Sunda yang harus dipelihara dan dilestarikan, karena aksara Sunda adalah warisan budaya yang tidak ternilai harganya. Sosialisasi aksara Sunda masih sangat minim dilakukan, meskipun pemerintah Jawa barat sudah melakukan upaya hukum dalam bentuk Peraturan daerah (Perda no.5 tahun 2003 dan Surat Keputusan Gubernur no. 434/SK.614/dis-pk/1999. Seiring dengan semakin canggihnya tekhnologi, penggunaan animasi interaktif pengenalan aksara sunda dapat digunakan untuk mensosialisasikan aksara Sunda dengan menjelaskan mengenai pengertian aksara Sunda, sejarah aksara Sunda, cara penulisan aksara Sunda, serta game puzzle aksara Sunda sebagai pengujian dan hiburannya. Penerapan animasi interaktif merupakan solusi terbaik yang sangat membantu dalam mensosialisakan aksara Sunda kepada masyarakat khususnya masyarakat Sunda agar lebih berminat mempelajari aksara Sunda yang menjadi warisan

  10. PROGRAM PETA LANGIT DALAM PELAKSANAAN HISAB RUKYAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Wahidi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available It is time for technological progress and sophistication to participate in the implementation of hisab rukyat in order to produce hisab rukyat which have best quality and accurate. Nowdays the methods of determining the beginning of the month, prayer times, Qiblat direction and eclipse have been using computers as a means of supporting the level of precision which is certainly higher and accurate. A variety of software is available including an attractive visualization which is practical and easy to learn. Morover with the many computer programs, anyone can operate it easily and calculate the position of the moon and sun, Just how to use it for the sake of hisab rukyat especially for determination of Qamariah months preliminary, particularly in the determination of the beginning of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Sudah saatnya kemajuan dan kecanggihan teknologi ikut serta dalam memberikan sumbangsih terhadap pelaksanaan hisab rukyat agar menghasilkan hisab rukyat yang berkualitas dan akurat. Saat ini metode-metode penentuan awal bulan, waktu shalat arah kiblat dan gerhana telah banyak menggunakan komputer sebagai sarana penunjang dengan tingkat presisi yang tentunya jauh lebih tinggi dan akurat. Berbagai perangkat lunak (software yang praktis juga telah tersedia dengan menyertakan bentuk visualisasi yang menarik sehingga mudah untuk dipelajari. Bahkan dengan banyaknya program komputer, siapa pun yang bisa mengoperasikannya dengan mudah untuk menghitung posisi bulan dan matahari, tinggal bagaimana memanfaatkannya  untuk  kepentingan  hisab  rukyat  terutama  untuk  penentuan  awal  bulan  Qamariah, khususnya dalam penentuan awal Ramadan, Idul Fitri, dan Idul Adha

  11. Uranium extraction from underground deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wolfe, C.R.

    1982-01-01

    Uranium is extracted from underground deposits by passing an aqueous oxidizing solution of carbon dioxide over the ore in the presence of calcium ions. Complex uranium carbonate or bicarbonate ions are formed which enter the solution. The solution is forced to the surface and the uranium removed from it

  12. Uranium resources, demand and production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stipanicic, P.N.

    1985-05-01

    Estimations of the demand and production of principal uranium resource categories are presented. The estimations based on data analysis made by a joint 'NEA/IAEA Working Party on Uranium Resources' and the corresponding results are published by the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) in the 'Uranium Resources, Production and Demand' Known as 'Red Book'. (M.C.K.) [pt

  13. Uranium. Resources, production and demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The events characterising the world uranium market in the last several years illustrate the persistent uncertainly faced by uranium producers and consumers worldwide. With world nuclear capacity expanding and uranium production satisfying only about 60 per cent of demand, uranium stockpiles continue to be depleted at a high rate. The uncertainty related to the remaining levels of world uranium stockpiles and to the amount of surplus defence material that will be entering the market makes it difficult to determine when a closer balance between uranium supply and demand will be reached. Information in this report provides insights into changes expected in uranium supply and demand until well into the next century. The 'Red Book', jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, is the foremost reference on uranium. This world report is based on official information from 59 countries and includes compilations of statistics on resources, exploration, production and demand as of 1 January 1997. It provides substantial new information from all of the major uranium producing centres in Africa, Australia, Eastern Europe, North America and the New Independent States, including the first-ever official reports on uranium production in Estonia, Mongolia, the Russian Federation and Uzbekistan. It also contains an international expert analysis of industry statistics and worldwide projections of nuclear energy growth, uranium requirements and uranium supply

  14. Uranium industry in the USSR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nikipelov, B.V.; Chernov, A.G.

    1990-01-01

    A brief historical account of the Soviet production of natural and enriched uranium is given. The geological and geographical location of major uranium deposits are mentioned. The processing of natural ores including in-situ leaching (ISL) is also briefly described. Gas centrifuges play a large part in uranium enrichment. The role of Techsnabexport for the export of nuclear materials is explained

  15. Uranium content of Philippine coals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De la Rosa, A.M.; Sombrito, E.Z.; Nuguid, Z.S.; Bulos, A.M.; Bucoy, B.M.; De la Cruz, M.

    1984-01-01

    Uranium content of coal samples from seven areas in the Philippines, i.e. Cebu, Semirara, Bislig, Albay, Samar, Malangas and Polilio Is. was found to contain trace quantities of uranium. The mean value of 0.401 ppm U is lower than reported mean uranium contents for coal from other countries. (ELC)

  16. Sandstone-type uranium deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Finch, W.I.; Davis, J.F.

    1985-01-01

    World-class sandstone-type uranium deposits are defined as epigenetic concentrations of uranium minerals occurring as uneven impregnations and minor massive replacements primarily in fluvial, lacustrine, and deltaic sandstone formations. The main purpose of this introductory paper is to define, classify, and introduce to the general geologic setting for sandstone-type uranium deposits

  17. EXTRACTION OF URANIUM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesler, R.D.; Rabb, D.D.

    1959-07-28

    An improved process is presented for recovering uranium from a carnotite ore. In the improved process U/sub 2/O/sub 5/ is added to the comminuted ore along with the usual amount of NaCl prior to roasting. The amount of U/sub 2/O/ sub 5/ is dependent on the amount of free calcium oxide and the uranium in the ore. Specifically, the desirable amount of U/sub 2/O/sub 5/ is 3.2% for each 1% of CaO, and 5 to 6% for each 1% of uranium. The mixture is roasted at about 1560 deg C for about 30 min and then leached with a 3 to 9% aqueous solution of sodium carbonate.

  18. Uranium extraction technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    In 1983 the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD/NEA) and the IAEA jointly published a book on Uranium Extraction Technology. A primary objective of this report was to document the significant technological developments that took place during the 1970s. The purpose of this present publication is to update and expand the original book. It includes background information about the principle of the unit operations used in uranium ore processing and summarizes the current state of the art. The publication also seeks to preserve the technology and the operating 'know-how' developed over the past ten years. This publication is one of a series of Technical Reports on uranium ore processing that have been prepared by the Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Management at the IAEA. A complete list of these reports is included as an addendum. Refs, figs and tabs

  19. Uranium exploration in Ecuador

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Severne, B.; Penaherrera, P.F.; Fiallos, V.S.

    1981-01-01

    The 600-km segment of the Andean Cordillera in Ecuador includes zones that can be correlated, geologically, with uranium districts elsewhere in the Andes. It is believed that these essentially unexplored zones have the potential for economic uranium mineralization. Exploration activity to date has been limited, although it has involved both geochemical and radiometric techniques to evaluate geological concepts. Minor uranium occurrences (with chemical analyses up to 100 ppm) have been encountered, which provide further incentive to commence large-scale systematic exploration. It is recognized that a very large exploration budget and considerable technical expertise will be required to ensure exploration success. Consequently, participation by groups of proven capability from other countries will be sought for Ecuador's national exploration programme. (author)

  20. Uranium Enrichment, an overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coates, J.H.

    1994-01-01

    This general presentation on uranium enrichment will be followed by lectures on more specific topics including descriptions of enrichment processes and assessments of the prevailing commercial and industrial situations. I shall therefore avoid as much as possible duplications with these other lectures, and rather dwell on: some theoretical aspects of enrichment in general, underlying the differences between statistical and selective processes, a review and comparison between enrichment processes, remarks of general order regarding applications, the proliferation potential of enrichment. It is noteworthy that enrichment: may occur twice in the LWR fuel cycle: first by enriching natural uranium, second by reenriching uranium recovered from reprocessing, must meet LWR requirements, and in particular higher assays required by high burn up fuel elements, bears on the structure of the entire front part of the fuel cycle, namely in the conversion/reconversion steps only involving UF 6 for the moment. (author). tabs., figs., 4 refs

  1. The Kintyre uranium project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Larson, B.

    1997-01-01

    The Kintyre Uranium Project is being developed by Canning Resources Pty Ltd, a subsidiary of Rio Tinto (formerly CRA). The work on the project includes the planning and management of a number of background environmental studies. The company has also commissioned studies by external consultants into process technologies, mining strategies and techniques for extracting the uranium ore from the waste rock. In addition, Canning Resources has made a detailed assessment of the worldwide market potential for Australian uranium in the late 1990s and into the 21st century. The most significant factor affecting the future of this project is the current product price. This price is insufficient to justify the necessary investment to bring this project into production

  2. Uranium market and resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Capus, G.; Arnold, T.

    2005-01-01

    Under the combined effect of various factors, such as interrogations related to facing the climatic changes, the increasing prices of oil versus announced decrease of its resources, the major geopolitical evolution and the remarkable development of Asia, we live nowadays a revival of nuclear power in the very front of stage. In tis context, the following question is posed: could the nuclear fission be a sustainable source of energy when taking into consideration the availability of uranium resources? The article aims at pinpointing the knowledge we have about the world uranium resources, their limits of uncertainty and the relation between knowledge resources and market evolution. To conclude, some susceptible tracks are proposed to improve the using process of uranium resources particularly in softening the impact of high prices

  3. Uranium ore processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ritcey, G.M.; Haque, K.E.; Lucas, B.H.; Skeaff, J.M.

    1983-01-01

    The authors have developed a complete method of recovering separately uranium, thorium and radium from impure solids such as ores, concentrates, calcines or tailings containing these metals. The technique involves leaching, in at least one stage. The impure solids in finely divided form with an aqueous leachant containing HCl and/or Cl 2 until acceptable amounts of uranium, thorium and radium are dissolved. Uranium is recovered from the solution by solvent extraction and precipitation. Thorium may also be recovered in the same manner. Radium may be recovered by at least one ion exchange, absorption and precipitation. This amount of iron in the solution must be controlled before the acid solution may be recycled for the leaching process. The calcine leached in the first step is prepared in a two stage roast in the presence of both Cl 2 and a metal sulfide. The first stage is at 350-450 0 and the second at 550-700 0

  4. Process for recovering uranium

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacWood, G. E.; Wilder, C. D.; Altman, D.

    1959-03-24

    A process useful in recovering uranium from deposits on stainless steel liner surfaces of calutrons is presented. The deposit is removed from the stainless steel surface by washing with aqueous nitric acid. The solution obtained containing uranium, chromium, nickel, copper, and iron is treated with an excess of ammonium hydroxide to precipitnte the uranium, iron, and chromium and convert the nickel and copper to soluble ammonio complexions. The precipitated material is removed, dried and treated with carbon tetrachloride at an elevated temperature of about 500 to 600 deg C to form a vapor mixture of UCl/ sub 4/, UCl/sub 5/, FeCl/sub 3/, and CrCl/sub 4/. The UCl/sub 4/ is separated from this vapor mixture by selective fractional condensation at a temperature of about 500 to 400 deg C.

  5. Australian uranium resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Battey, G.C.; Miezitis, Y.; McKay, A.D.

    1987-01-01

    Australia's uranium resources amount to 29% of the WOCA countries (world outside centrally-planned-economies areas) low-cost Reasonably Assured Resources and 28% of the WOCA countries low-cost Estimated Additional Resources. As at 1 January 1986, the Bureau of Mineral Resources estimated Australia's uranium resources as: (1) Cost range to US$80/kg U -Reasonably Assured Resources, 465 000 t U; Estimated Additional Resources, 256 000 t U; (2) Cost range US$80-130/kg U -Reasonably Assured Resources, 56 000 t U; Estimated Additional Resources, 127 000 t U. Most resources are contained in Proterozoic unconformity-related deposits in the Alligator Rivers uranium field in the Northern Territory (Jabiluka, Ranger, Koongarra, Nabarlek deposits) and the Proterozoic stratabound deposit at Olympic Dam on the Stuart Shelf in South Australia

  6. Uranium deposits of Zaire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kitmut, D.; Malu wa Kalenga

    1979-01-01

    Since April 1960, following the closing of the Shinkolobwe mine, the Republic of Zaire has ceased to be a producer of uranium. Nevertheless, Gecamines (Generale des carrieres et mines du Zaire), a wholly state-owned company, is continuing its research on uranium occurrences which have been discovered in its concession in the course of aerial radiometric prospecting. The most recent campaign was the one carried out in 1969 and 1972 by Hunting Company. On-the-ground verification of these shows has not yet resulted in the discovery of a workable deposit. There are other sectors cutting across Zaire which might well contain uranium deposits: this is true of the sedimentary phosphates of the region of Lower Zaire as well as of the frontier region between Zaire and the Central African Empire. However, no detailed exploration work has yet been carried out. (author)

  7. Uranium extraction from seawater

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bals, H.G.

    1976-03-01

    After an introduction to the physics and chemistry of the sea and an estimation of the chances for the absorption of uranium from rivers, the material-sepecific characteristics of the adsorber technology are decribed in detail. Then, the methods used for gaining uranium form seawater are described with special regard to the tidal and the so-called serial (sequency) method. Whether all methods described can be realised is an economic problem since very high quantitics of water are necessary because of the low contents of uranium. A positive energy balance (gained energy/lost energy) is not definitely ensured yet for the production methods used. The development measures to be taken to obtain a positive energy balance are briefly described, and the research programme of the UEBG is mentioned. (UA) [de

  8. Uranium dioxide calcining apparatus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cole, E.A.; Peterson, R.S.

    1978-01-01

    This invention relates to an improved continuous calcining apparatus for consistently and controllably producing from calcinable reactive solid compounds of uranium, such as ammonium diuranate, uranium dioxide (UO 2 ) having an oxygen to uranium ratio of less than 2.2. The apparatus comprises means at the outlet end of a calciner kiln for receiving hot UO 2 , means for cooling the UO 2 to a temperature of below 100 deg C and conveying the cooled UO 2 to storage or to subsequent UO 2 processing apparatus where it finally comes into contact with air, the means for receiving cooling and conveying being sealed to the outlet end of the calciner and being maintained full of UO 2 and so operable as to exclude atmospheric oxygen from coming into contact with any UO 2 which is at elevated temperatures where it would readily oxidize, without the use of extra hydrogen gas in said means. (author)

  9. Analisis yang Mempengaruhi Keputusan Konsumen dalam Membeli Produk Herbalife pada PT. Herbalife Cabang Aviari Batam

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Nia Novriana

    2015-01-01

    Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara produk (product), harga (pricing), promosi (promotion) terhadap keputusan konsumen dalam membeli produk Herbalife pada PT. Herbalife Cabang Aviari Batam. Menyadari akan pentingnya pelanggan dalam menentukan kesuksesan suatu usaha maka PT. Herbalife Cabang Aviari Batam menggunakan bauran pemasaran yang ada semaksimal mungkin dalam usaha untuk menciptakan keputusan pembelian konsumen terhadap produk yang ditawarkan oleh perusahaan kh...

  10. Studi Model Benchmark Mcnp6 Dalam Perhitungan Reaktivitas Batang Kendali Htr-10

    OpenAIRE

    Jupiter S.Pane, Zuhair, Suwoto, Putranto Ilham Yazid

    2016-01-01

    STUDI MODEL BENCHMARK MCNP6 DALAM PERHITUNGAN REAKTIVITAS BATANG KENDALI HTR-10. Dalam operasi reaktor nuklir, sistem batang kendali memainkan peranan yang sangat penting karena didesain untuk mengendalikan reaktivitas teras dan memadamkan reaktor. Nilai reaktivitas batang kendali harus diprediksi secara akurat melalui eksperimen dan perhitungan. Makalah ini mendiskusikan model Benchmark dalam perhitungan reaktivitas batang kendali reaktor HTR-10. Perhitungan dikerjakan dengan program transpo...

  11. The uranium International trade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonzalez U, L.A.

    1993-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is the understanding of how the present dynamic of uranium International trade is developed, the variables which fall into, the factors that are affecting and conditioning it, in order to clarify which are going to be the outlook in the future of this important resource in front of the present ecological situation and the energetic panorama of XXI Century. For this purpose, as starting point, the uranium is considered as a strategic material which importance take root in its energetic potential as alternate energy source, and for this reason in Chapter I, the general problem of raw materials, its classification and present situation in the global market is presented. In Chapter II, by means of a historical review, is explain what uranium is, how it was discovered, and how since the end of the past Century and during the last three decades of present, uranium pass of practically unknown element, to the position of a strategic raw material, which by degrees, generate an International market, owing to its utilization as a basic resource in the generation of energy. Chapter III, introduce us in the roll played by uranium, since its warlike applications until its utilization in nuclear reactors for the generation of electricity. Also is explain the reason for this change in the perception at global level. Finally, in Chapter IV we enter upon specifically in the present conditions of the International market of this mineral throughout the trends of supply and demand, the main producers, users, price dynamics, and the correlation among these economical variables and other factors of political, social and ecological nature. All of these with the purpose to found out, if there exist, a meaning of the puzzle that seems to be the uranium International trade

  12. US uranium reserves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hansen, M.V.

    1981-01-01

    The current low level of demand, compounded by rapidly rising costs and low prices, has caused a significant reduction in drilling for uranium in the United States, and the trend is likely to continue for a few more years. The effect on uranium reserves will be fewer additions to reserves because less exploration is being done. Further reductions will occur, especially in low-cost reserves, because of increasing costs, continuing depletion through production, and erosion through the high grading of deposits to fulfill previous contractual commitments. During the past several years, it has been necessary to increase the upper reserve cost level twice to compensate for rising costs. Rising costs are reducing the $15 reserves, the cost category corresponding most closely to the present market price, to an insignificant level. An encouraging factor related to US uranium reserves is that the US position internationally, as far as quantity is concerned, is not bad for the longer term. Also, there is a general opinion that US consumers would rather contract for domestic uranium than for foreign because of greater assurance of supply. Still another factor, nearly impossible to assess, is what effect rising costs in other countries will have on their uranium reserves. The annual conferences between the Grand Junction Area Office staff and major uranium companies provide a broad overview of the industry's perception of the future. It is not optimistic for the short term. Many companies are reducing their exploration and mining programs; some are switching to other more marketable mineral commodities, and a few are investing more heavily in foreign ventures. However, there is general optimism for the long term, and many predict a growth in demand in the mid-1980s. If the industry can survive the few lean years ahead, rising prices may restore its viability to former levels

  13. Brazilian uranium reserves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marques, J.P.M.

    1981-01-01

    Due to a growing demand of electric power to support Brasil's development, the use of nuclear energy will be indispensable. The nuclear fuel cycle for the production of energy, starts with the uranium exploration. The work performed in this field led to the discovery of several deposits in the country, which to-date totalize a reserve of 236,300t of U 308 , ranking Brazil in the 6th place among the nations of the western world holding uranium reserves. (Author) [pt

  14. METHOD OF ELECTROPOLISHING URANIUM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, D.E.; Noland, R.A.

    1959-07-14

    A method of electropolishing the surface of uranium articles is presented. The process of this invention is carried out by immersing the uranium anticle into an electrolyte which contains from 35 to 65% by volume sulfuric acid, 1 to 20% by volume glycerine and 25 to 50% by volume of water. The article is made the anode in the cell and polished by electrolyzing at a voltage of from 10 to 15 volts. Discontinuing the electrolysis by intermittently withdrawing the anode from the electrolyte and removing any polarized film formed therein results in an especially bright surface.

  15. Uranium ore deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angelelli, Victorio.

    1984-01-01

    The main uranium deposits and occurrences in the Argentine Republic are described, considering, in principle, their geologic setting, the kind of 'model' of the mineralization and its possible origin, and describing the ore species present in each case. The main uraniferous accumulations of the country include the models of 'sandstong type', veintype and impregnation type. There are also other kinds of accumulations, as in calcrete, etc. The main uranium production has been registered in the provinces of Mendoza, Salta, La Rioja, Chubut, Cordoba and San Luis. In each case, the minerals present are mentioned, having been recognized 37 different species all over the country (M.E.L.) [es

  16. PRODUCTION OF URANIUM TUBING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creutz, E.C.

    1958-04-15

    The manufacture of thin-walled uranium tubing by the hot-piercing techique is described. Uranium billets are preheated to a temperature above 780 d C. The heated billet is fed to a station where it is engaged on its external surface by three convex-surfaced rotating rollers which are set at an angle to the axis of the billet to produce a surface friction force in one direction to force the billet over a piercing mandrel. While being formed around the mandrel and before losing the desired shape, the tube thus formed is cooled by a water spray.

  17. Joining uranium to steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perkins, M.A.

    1976-05-01

    A method has been devised which will allow the joining of uranium to steel by fusion welding through the use of an intermediate material. Uranium-0.5 titanium was joined to AISI 304L stainless steel by using a vanadium insert. Also, a method is now available for selecting possible filler metals when two entirely dissimilar metals need to be joined. This method allows a quantitative ranking to be made of the possible filler metals and thus the most likely candidate can be selected

  18. Uranium mill tailings management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-01-01

    Facilities for the disposal of uranium mill tailings will invariably be subjected to geomorphological and climatological influences in the long-term. Proceedings of a workshop discuss how the principles of geomorphology can be applied to the siting, design, construction, decommissioning and rehabilitation of disposal facilities in order to provide for long-term containment and stability of tailings. The characteristics of tailings and their behaviour after disposal influence the potential impacts which might occur in the long-term. Proceedings of another workshop examine the technologies for uranium ore processing and tailings conditioning with a view to identifying improvements that could be made in such characteristics

  19. Uranium exploration techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nichols, C.E.

    1984-01-01

    The subject is discussed under the headings: introduction (genetic description of some uranium deposits; typical concentrations of uranium in the natural environment); sedimentary host rocks (sandstones; tabular deposits; roll-front deposits; black shales); metamorphic host rocks (exploration techniques); geologic techniques (alteration features in sandstones; favourable features in metamorphic rocks); geophysical techniques (radiometric surveys; surface vehicle methods; airborne methods; input surveys); geochemical techniques (hydrogeochemistry; petrogeochemistry; stream sediment geochemistry; pedogeochemistry; emanometry; biogeochemistry); geochemical model for roll-front deposits; geologic model for vein-like deposits. (U.K.)

  20. Uranium Conversion & Enrichment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karpius, Peter Joseph [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-02-06

    The isotopes of uranium that are found in nature, and hence in ‘fresh’ Yellowcake’, are not in relative proportions that are suitable for power or weapons applications. The goal of conversion then is to transform the U3O8 yellowcake into UF6. Conversion and enrichment of uranium is usually required to obtain material with enough 235U to be usable as fuel in a reactor or weapon. The cost, size, and complexity of practical conversion and enrichment facilities aid in nonproliferation by design.

  1. Uranium extraction at Rossing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kesler, S.B.; Fahrbach, D.O.E.

    1982-01-01

    Rossing Uranium Ltd. operates a large open pit uranium mine and extraction plant at a remote site in the Namib desert. Production started at the plant in 1978. A ferric leach process was introduced later, and the new leach plant began commissioning in October 1981. The process has proved to be reliable and easily controlled. Ferric iron is supplied through recovery from the acid plant calcine, and levels can be maintained above the design levels. Leach extractions were increased more than expected when this process was adopted, and the throughput has been considerably reduced, allowing cost savings in mining and milling

  2. Uranium conversion wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vicente, R.; Dellamano, J.C.

    1989-12-01

    A set of mathematical equations was developed and used to estimate the radiological significance of each radionuclide potentially present in the uranium refining industry effluents. The equations described the evolution in time of the radionuclides activities in the uranium fuel cycle, from mining and milling, through the yellowcake, till the conversion effluents. Some radionuclides that are not usually monitored in conversion effluents (e.g. Pa-231 and Ac-227) were found to be potentially relevant from the radiological point of view in conversion facilities, and are certainly relevant in mining and milling industry, at least in a few waste streams. (author) [pt

  3. Production of sized particles of uranium oxides and uranium oxyfluorides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knudsen, I.E.; Randall, C.C.

    1976-01-01

    A process is claimed for converting uranium hexafluoride (UF 6 ) to uranium dioxide (UO 2 ) of a relatively large particle size in a fluidized bed reactor by mixing uranium hexafluoride with a mixture of steam and hydrogen and by preliminary reacting in an ejector gaseous uranium hexafluoride with steam and hydrogen to form a mixture of uranium and oxide and uranium oxyfluoride seed particles of varying sizes, separating the larger particles from the smaller particles in a cyclone separator, recycling the smaller seed particles through the ejector to increase their size, and introducing the larger seed particles from the cyclone separator into a fluidized bed reactor where the seed particles serve as nuclei on which coarser particles of uranium dioxide are formed. 9 claims, 2 drawing figures

  4. Uranium 2000 : International symposium on the process metallurgy of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ozberk, E.; Oliver, A.J.

    2000-01-01

    The International Symposium on the Process Metallurgy of Uranium has been organized as the thirtieth annual meeting of the Hydrometallurgy Section of the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (CIM). This meeting is jointly organized with the Canadian Mineral Processors Division of CIM. The proceedings are a collection of papers from fifteen countries covering the latest research, development, industrial practices and regulatory issues in uranium processing, providing a concise description of the state of this industry. Topics include: uranium industry overview; current milling operations; in-situ uranium mines and processing plants; uranium recovery and further processing; uranium leaching; uranium operations effluent water treatment; tailings disposal, water treatment and decommissioning; mine decommissioning; and international regulations and decommissioning. (author)

  5. Kemampuan Guru PAI dalam Merencanakan dan Melaksanakan Penilaian Autentik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulpah Sya’idah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In conducting the assessment in accordance with the 2013 curriculum, a teacher is required to apply an authentic assessment in accordance with the Standards of Assessment. Teachers are also required to have the ability to make conformity between assessment techniques and assessment instruments which are the requirements of instruments that have been set in Permendikbud No. 66 of 2013. However, in fact teachers are difficult to make assessment instruments tailored to the form of assessment. This study aims to understand more about the ability of PAI teachers in conducting learning evaluation through non-test assessment (authentic assessment. In this study, researchers used qualitative research with case study research. The data collection techniques through interviews and documentation. The result of this research shows that PAI teacher in SMA 53 Jakarta has understood in doing authentic assessment planning through learning implementation plan (RPP. As for carrying out authentic assessment actually PAI teacher in SMA 53 Jakarta has been able, just because of lack of self motivation or work ethic in teacher to do pedagogic competence, and also professional attitude especially in doing assessment or evaluation. Keywords: Authentic Assessment, Master's Ability. Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami lebih dalam tentang kemampuan guru PAI dalam melakukan evaluasi pembelajaran melalui penilaian non tes (penilaian autentik. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti menggunakan penelitian yang bersifat kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian studi kasus.  Adapun teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menujukkan bahwa guru PAI di SMA Negeri 53 Jakarta sudah paham dalam melakukan perencanaan penilaian autentik melalui rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran (RPP. Adapun dalam melaksanakan penilaian autentik sebenarnya guru PAI di SMA Negeri 53 Jakarta telah mampu, hanya karena kurangnya motivasi diri atau etos kerja dalam diri

  6. Corak Realisme Sosialis dalam Hikayat Kadiroen Karya Semaoen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyono Suyatno

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Selama ini ada anggapan bahwa dalam sejarah sastra Indonesia corak realisme sosialis hanya ada dalam masa Lekra (1950-1965, padahal novel Hikayat Kadiroen karya Semaoen yang terbit sebelumnya (1920 telah menunjukkan corak realisme sosialis. Oleh karena itu, masalah yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimanakah corak realisme sosialis dalam novel Hikayat Kadiroen karya Semaoen. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengungkap corak realisme sosialis dalam novel Hikayat Kadiroen karya Semaoen. Dengan menggunakan metode deskripsi analitis dan teori sastra Marxis penelitian ini menemukan bahwa novel Hikayat Kadiroen sarat dengan propaganda ideologi Marxis dan propaganda ideologi Marxis dalam karya sastra adalah ciri yang melekat pada karya sastra yang bercorak realisme sosialis. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa tahun 1920 adalah awal munculnya realisme sosialis dalam sejarah sastra Indonesia. Kata-Kata Kunci: Hikayat Kadiroen, propaganda Marxis, realisme sosialis Abstract: All this time, there is a presumption that in the history of Indonesian literature, the socialist-realism pattern only existed in Lekra period (1950-1965, whereas Hikayat Kadiroen writ-ten by Semaoen published before (1920 had showed shades of socialist realism. Therefore, the issue that will be raised in this study is how the socialist realism pattern was described in Semaoen’s Hikayat Kadiroen? The aim of this study is to prove the shades of socialist realism in Hikayat Kadiroen. Using the analytical description method and Marxist literary theory, the study found out that Hikayat Kadiroen was full of Marxist ideology propaganda, and this Marxist ideology propaganda is the characteristic of literature with socialist realism shades. Thus, it can be concluded that 1920 was the beginning of the rise of socialist realism in the history of Indonesian literature. Key Words: Hikayat Kadiroen, Marxist propaganda, socialist realism

  7. IDENTIFIKASI GAYA KOGNITIF (COGNITIVE STYLE PESERTA DIDIK DALAM BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldarmono Aldarmono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Keberhasilan pendidik dalam proses pembelajaran sangat ditentukan sejauhmana ia memahami karakteristik peserta didiknya. Kemampuan pendidik dalam hal ini sangat penting yaitu bagaimaan pendidik mampu mengidentifikasi karakter-karakter masing-masing individu. Perbedaan karatakter tersebut berpengaruh besar terhadap belajar mereka sesuai dengan gaya atau cara  masing-masing yang sudah barang tentu berbeda antara anak yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Implikasinya dari karakter peserta didik yang begitu variatif mendorong pendidik menerapkan strategi, model maupun metode pembelajaran yang efektif untuk disesuaikan dengan karakter masing-masing anak didik. Dari berbagai macam karakter yang dimiliki anak didik tersebut yang tidak kalah penting yaitu gaya kognitif dalam belajar. Gaya kognitif merupakan salah satu karakter anak didik yang sangat penting dan berpengaruh terutama terhadap pencapaian prestasi belajar mereka. Gaya kognitif berkaitan dengan bagaimana mereka belajar melalui cara-cara sendiri yang melekat dan menjadi kekhasan pada masing-masing individu. Gaya kognitif sangat erat kaitannya dengan bagaimana cara menerima dan memproses segala informasi khususnya dalam pembelajaran. Berbagai kecenderungan-kecenderungan dalam belajar mereka dapat didentifikasi dan kemudian diklasifikasi apakah anak tersebut termasuk gaya kognitif field Independent (berpikir cenderung memiliki kemandirian pandangan ataukah filed dependent (ketergantungan pandangan. Selama ini seperti yang nampak di lapangan praktek pendidikan tidak begitu memandang penting karateristik peserta didik. Sehingga masih sangat jarang pendidik yang memiliki kemampuan dan keterampilan mengungkap dan mengtahui berbagai karakteristik peserta didiknya dalam belajar. Yang terpenting bagaimana materi yang disampaikan kepada peserta didik dapat kuasai tanpa memperhatikan karakter masing-masing. Sehingga yang terjadi pendidik cenderung menyama ratakan karakter masing-masing anak yang begitu

  8. Uranium material removing and recovering device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takita, Shin-ichi.

    1997-01-01

    A uranium material removing and recovering device for use in removing surplus uranium heavy metal (UO 2 ) generated in a uranium handling facility comprises a uranium material removing device and a uranium material recovering device. The uranium material removing device comprises an adsorbing portion filled with a uranium adsorbent, a control portion for controlling the uranium adsorbent of the uranium adsorbing portion by a controlling agent, a uranium adsorbing device connected thereto and a jetting device for jetting the adsorbing liquid to equipments deposited with uranium. The recovering device comprises a recovering apparatus for recovering uranium materials deposited with the adsorbent liquid removed by the jetting device and a recovering tank for storing the recovered uranium materials. The device of the present invention can remove surplus uranium simply and safely, mitigate body's load upon removing and recovering operations, facilitate the processing for the exchange of the adsorbent and reduces the radioactive wastes. (T.M.)

  9. Uranium enriched granites in Sweden

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilson, M.R.; Aakerblom, G.

    1980-01-01

    Granites with uranium contents higher than normal occur in a variety of geological settings in the Swedish Precambrian, and represent a variety of granite types and ages. They may have been generated by (1) the anatexis of continental crust (2) processes occurring at a much greater depth. They commonly show enrichement in F, Sn, W and/or Mo. Only in one case is an important uranium mineralization thought to be directly related to a uranium-enriched granite, while the majority of epigenetic uranium mineralizations with economic potential are related to hydrothermal processes in areas where the bedrock is regionally uranium-enhanced. (Authors)

  10. The uranium market 1980 - 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darmayan, Philippe

    1980-01-01

    The Supply and Demand Committee of the Uranium Institute was established to monitor continuously information and developments bearing on the uranium market and to publish from time to time reports giving its views on the supply and demand outlook. The last Uranium institute supply and demand report was published in July 1979 and a summary was given by Mr. Erkes at the last Uranium Institute symposium. Its main conclusions were that from 1979 to 1990 the flexibilities of the market were such as to offer adequate scope to producers and consumers of uranium to ensure a balance between supply and demand. Is that conclusion still valid one and a half years later [fr

  11. Fault rocks and uranium mineralization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tong Hangshou.

    1991-01-01

    The types of fault rocks, microstructural characteristics of fault tectonite and their relationship with uranium mineralization in the uranium-productive granite area are discussed. According to the synthetic analysis on nature of stress, extent of crack and microstructural characteristics of fault rocks, they can be classified into five groups and sixteen subgroups. The author especially emphasizes the control of cataclasite group and fault breccia group over uranium mineralization in the uranium-productive granite area. It is considered that more effective study should be made on the macrostructure and microstructure of fault rocks. It is of an important practical significance in uranium exploration

  12. Recovery of uranium from seawater

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirotsu, Takahiro; Takagi, Norio; Katoh, Shunsaku

    1995-01-01

    Present status of the development of chelating adsorbents for the recovery of uranium from seawater is outlined with emphasis on the research by the author. Uranium is estimated to exist as stable tri (carbonate) uranylate (6) ion in seawater in a very low concentration. The adsorbent for uranium from seawater in a very low concentration. The adsorbent for uranium from seawater should have high selectivity and affinity for uranium around pH 8. The required characteristics for uranium adsorbent are examined. Various chelating adsorbents have been proposed for the uranium adsorbent and their structures are discussed. Amidoxime type adsorbents have the highest adsorbing power for uranium among the adsorbents hitherto developed and fibrous amidoxime adsorbents are most promising for the practical application. Synthesis, structure and suitable shape of the amidoxime adsorbents are discussed. Uranium adsorption behavior and the amount of saturated adsorption are examined theoretically based on the complexation of an amidoxime monomer and the formula for the adsorption equiliburium is derived. The adsorption and recovery process for uranium from seawater is composed of adsorption, desorption, separation and concentration and finally, uranium is recovered as the yellow cake. A floating body mooring system is proposed by Nobukawa. (T.H.)

  13. Sandstone-type uranium deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Austin, S.R.; D'Andrea, R.F. Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Three overall factors are necessary for formation of uranium deposits in sandstone: a source of uranium, host rocks capable of transmitting uranium-bearing solutions, and a precipitant. Possible sources of uranium in sandstone-type deposits include groundwaters emanating from granitic highlands, arkosic sediments, tuffaceous material within or overlying the host rocks, connate fluids, and overlying black shales. The first three sources are considered the most likely. Host rocks are generally immature sandstones deposited in alluvial-fan, intermontane-basin or marginal-marine environments, but uranium deposits do occur in well-winnowed barrier-bar or eolian sands. Host rocks for uranium deposits generally show coefficients of permeability on the order of 1 to 100 gal/day/ft 2 . Precipitants are normally agents capable of reducing uranium from the uranyl to the uranous state. The association of uranium with organic matter is unequivocal; H 2 S, a powerful reductant, may have been present at the time of formation of some deposits but may go unnoticed today. Vanadium can serve to preserve the tabular characteristics of some deposits in the near-surface environment, but is considered an unlikely primary precipitant for uranium. Uranium deposits in sandstone are divided into two overall types: peneconcordant deposits, which occur in locally reducing environments in otherwise oxidized sandstones; and roll-type deposits, which occur at the margin of an area where an oxidized groundwater has permeated an otherwise reduced sandstone. Uranium deposits are further broken down into four subclasses; these are described

  14. Vaal Reefs South uranium plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    The Vaal Reefs mining complex, part of the Anglo American Corporation, is the largest gold and uranium producing complex in the world, being South Africa's principal producer, accounting for about a quarter of the country's uranium production. Vaal Reefs South uranium plant in the Orkney district was recently officially opened by Dr AJA Roux, the retiring president of the Atomic Energy Board and chairman of the Uranium Enrichment Corporation and will increase the country's uranium production. In the field of technology, and particularly processing technology, South Africa has shown the world unprecedented technology achievement in the field of uranium extraction from low grade ores and the development of the unique uranium enrichment process. New technical innovations that have been incorporated in this new plant are discussed

  15. Uranium recovery from AVLIS slag

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    D'Agostino, A.E.; Mycroft, J.R.; Oliver, A.J.; Schneider, P.G.; Richardson, K.L.

    2000-01-01

    Uranium metal for the Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) project was to have been produced by the magnesiothermic reduction of uranium tetrafluoride. The other product from this reaction is a magnesium fluoride slag, which contains fine and entrained natural uranium as metal and oxide. Recovery of the uranium through conventional mill leaching would not give a magnesium residue free of uranium but to achieve more complete uranium recovery requires the destruction of the magnesium fluoride matrix and liberation of the entrapped uranium. Alternate methods of carrying out such treatments and the potential for recovery of other valuable byproducts were examined. Based on the process flowsheets, a number of economic assessments were performed, conclusions were drawn and the preferred processing alternatives were identified. (author)

  16. Biofiksasi CO2 Oleh Mikroalga Chlamydomonas sp dalam Photobioreaktor Tubular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadiyanto Hadiyanto

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Mikroalga memiliki potensi dalam membiofiksasi CO2 dan dapat dimanfaatkan untuk mengurangi kadar CO2 dalam gas pencemar. Pertumbuhan mikroalga sangat dipengaruhi oleh konsentrasi gas CO2 di dalam gas pencemar. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeetahui kemampuan mikroalga Chlamydomonas sp yang dikultivasi dalam photobioreaktor tubular dalam penyerapan gas CO2 serta untuk mengetahui konsentrasi maksimum gas CO2 dalam umpan untuk memproduksi biomasa mikroalga yang optimal. Percobaan dilakukan dnegan memvariasi laju alir dari 0.03 -0.071 L/menit dan konsentrasi CO2 dalam umpan 10-30%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa biomasa mikroalga dapat diproduksi dengan maksimal dengan konsentrasi gas CO2 20% dengan laju alir 0.07 L/min. Semakin tinggi laju alir maka produksi biomasa alga semakin besar. Kecepatan pertumbuhan alga maksimum terjadi pada 0.31 /hari. Pada konsentrasi gas CO2 30%, terjadi substrate inhibition yang disebabkan carbon dalam bentuk ion bicarbonate tidak dapat dikonsumsi lagi di dalam kultur alga. Kata kunci : Mikroalga, chlamydomonas sp, biofiksasi CO2, biogas Abstract Microalgae have a potential for CO2 biofixation and therefore can be used to reduce the CO2 concentration in the gas pollutants. Moreover, microalgae growth is strongly affected by the concentration of CO2 in the exhaust gas pollutants. The objective of this research was to investigate the ability of microalgae Chlamydomonas sp which was cultivated in a tubular photobioreactor for CO2 absorption as well as to determine the maximum concentration of CO2 in the feed gas to obtain optimum microalgae biomass. The experiments were performed by varying the gas flow rate of 0.03 -0.071 L / min and the concentration of CO2 in the feed of 10-30%. The results showed that the maximum biomass of microalgae can be produced with CO2 concentration of 20% vol with a flow rate of 0.07 L / min. The result also showed that increasing the gas flow rate, the greater of the production of

  17. Menakar Cokroaminoto dalam Deretan Mufasir Nusantara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Wiyono

    2017-05-01

    الملخص :كان جوكروامينوتو هو الرائد إبطال تحريرة جمهورية الاندونيسيا ، ولد ونشئ في بيئة أسرية دينية حتى تؤثر على أفكاره فى فعلية السياسية والأنشطة. إحداها من مؤلفته عن مفهوم الاشتراكية الإسلامية التى تصب في الرسالة المشهورة بعنوان “Islam dan Sosialisme” هذا الكتاب يتضمن استجابة جوكروامينوتو على الاشتراكية كارل ماركس (Karl Marx التي عامت في الغربية والحركة الإسلامية (Pan-Islamisme في تركيا في وقت واحد. و نقل جوكروامينوتو في مؤلفته كثيرة من آيات القرآن والسنة فى حجته, خاصة فى الحوار المساواة والأخوة والمشاورة فى ممارسة الديمقراطية. ولأجل عدد كثير من الآيات التي نقلت في ذالك الكتاب كان إحدى كلية دراسة العليا بجاكرتا، والإسلام والاشتراكية يدخل في تأليف تفسير الإندونيسي (Tafsir Nusantara إن كان هذا الكتاب يعد من كتب التفسير فالمؤلفه يسمى المفسر . لتحصيل إلى هذا المفهوم يحتج إلى التحقيق العلمية للتأكدة بأنه من كتب التفسير .  وفقا نظرية كتاب التفسير من طريقته و منهجه و لونه ووشروط المفسر التي يجب إستوفيها Abstrak: Tjokroaminoto adalah konseptor sekaligus pahlawan perintis kemerdekaan republik Indonesia, ia lahir dan dibesarkan di dalam lingkungan keluarga yang sangat religius sehingga mempengaruhi pemikiran dan aktifitas politiknya. Salah satunya adalah konsep sosialisme Islam yang ia tuangkan dalam sebuah karya monumental berjudul ‘Islam dan Socialisme’. Buku tersebut merupakan

  18. PENGENDALIAN DALAM PENERBITAN IZIN GANGGUAN (HO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pebriana Marlinda

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak :            Penelitian tentang pengendalian dalam penerbitan izin gangguan (HO di Kecamatan Margahayu Kabupaten Bandung menjelaskan tentang tahap-tahap pengendalian yang dilakukan oleh aparat Kecamatan Margahayu. Pengendalian dilakukan untuk memastikan agar penerbitan izin gangguan (HO berjalan dengan efektif. Namun, masih ada pelaku usaha yang belum memiliki surat izin gangguan (HO ataupun pelaku usaha yang sudah memiliki surat izin gangguan (HO akan tetapi kegiatan usahanya merugkan orang lain seperti sampah yang berserakan, polusi udara, polusi suara, dan lain-lain.                            Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian deduktif kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui studi kepustakaan dan studi lapangan yang meliputi observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Adapun penentuan informan dalam penelitian ini dipilih berdasarkan pertimbangan-pertimbangan dengan pihak-pihak yang terkait dalam pengendalian. Kemudian data yang diperoleh dari hasil wawancara dipaparkan dengan langkah-langkah yang meliputi: reduksi data, penyajian data, menarik kesimpulan/verifikasi. Teori yang digunakan penulis dalam penelitian ini adalah teori dari Stephen P. Robbins tentang tahap-tahap pengendalian yaitu: mengukur kinerja aktual, membandingkan kinerja aktual dengan standar, dan mengambil tindakan manajerial.                            Kesimpulan dari hasil penelitian ini adalah pengendalian yang dilakukan olehaparat Kecamatan Margahayu telah melalui tahap-tahap pengendalian yaitu: mengukur kinerja aktual, membandingkan kinerja aktual dengan standar, dan mengambil tindakan manajerial. Namun perlu dilakukan penguatan di setiap tahap pengendalian terutama pada tahap mengukur kinerja aktual dan pada tahap mengambil tindakan manajerial                            Penelitian tentang pengendalian dalam penerbitan izin gangguan (HO di Kecamatan

  19. Geophysics in uranium exploration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darnley, A.G.

    1975-01-01

    There are no revolutionary new methods of uranium exploration on the horizon. Continuing improvements in existing methods and types of instrumentation are to be expected, but the main scope of improvement will hinge upon using the best of the available methods more meticulously and systematically, and paying more attention to the analysis of data. (author)

  20. The neurotoxicology of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dinocourt, Céline; Legrand, Marie; Dublineau, Isabelle; Lestaevel, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    The brain is a target of environmental toxic pollutants that impair cerebral functions. Uranium is present in the environment as a result of natural deposits and release by human applications. The first part of this review describes the passage of uranium into the brain, and its effects on neurological functions and cognitive abilities. Very few human studies have looked at its cognitive effects. Experimental studies show that after exposure, uranium can reach the brain and lead to neurobehavioral impairments, including increased locomotor activity, perturbation of the sleep-wake cycle, decreased memory, and increased anxiety. The mechanisms underlying these neurobehavioral disturbances are not clearly understood. It is evident that there must be more than one toxic mechanism and that it might include different targets in the brain. In the second part, we therefore review the principal mechanisms that have been investigated in experimental models: imbalance of the anti/pro-oxidant system and neurochemical and neurophysiological pathways. Uranium effects are clearly specific according to brain area, dose, and time. Nonetheless, this review demonstrates the paucity of data about its effects on developmental processes and the need for more attention to the consequences of exposure during development.