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Sample records for rabbit psoas muscle

  1. Differential scanning calorimetry study of glycerinated rabbit psoas muscle fibres in intermediate state of ATP hydrolysis

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    Dergez, Timea; Lőrinczy, Dénes; Könczöl, Franciska; Farkas, Nelli; Belagyi, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    Background Thermal denaturation experiments were extended to study the thermal behaviour of the main motor proteins (actin and myosin) in their native environment in striated muscle fibres. The interaction of actin with myosin in the highly organized muscle structure is affected by internal forces; therefore their altered conformation and interaction may differ from those obtained in solution. The energetics of long functioning intermediate states of ATP hydrolysis cycle was studied in muscle fibres by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Results SETARAM Micro DSC-II was used to monitor the thermal denaturation of the fibre system in rigor and in the presence of nucleotide and nucleotide analogues. The AM.ADP.Pi state of the ATP hydrolysis cycle has a very short lifetime therefore, we mimicked the different intermediate states with AMP.PNP and/or inorganic phosphate analogues Vi and AlF4 or BeFx. Studying glycerol-extracted muscle fibres from the rabbit psoas muscle by DSC, three characteristic thermal transitions were detected in rigor. The thermal transitions can be assigned to myosin heads, myosin rods and actin with transition temperatures (Tm) of 52.9 ± 0.7°C, 57.9 ± 0.7°C, 63.7 ± 1.0°C. In different intermediate states of the ATP hydrolysis mimicked by nucleotide analogues a fourth thermal transition was also detected which is very likely connected with nucleotide binding domain of myosin and/or actin filaments. This transition temperature Tm4 depended on the mimicked intermediate states, and varied in the range of 66°C – 77°C. Conclusion According to DSC measurements, strongly and weakly binding states of myosin to actin were significantly different. In the presence of ADP only a moderate change of the DSC pattern was detected in comparison with rigor, whereas in ADP.Pi state trapped by Vi, AlF4 or BeFx a remarkable stabilization was detected on the myosin head and actin filament which is reflected in a 3.0 – 10.0°C shift in Tm to higher

  2. Calcium-dependence of Donnan potentials in glycerinated rabbit psoas muscle in rigor, at and beyond filament overlap; a role for titin in the contractile process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Coomber, S J; Bartels, E M; Elliott, G F

    2011-01-01

    In glycerinated rabbit psoas muscle, Donnan potential measurements demonstrated that the net electric charge on the actin-myosin matrix undergoes a sharp switch-like transition at pCa(50) = 6.8. The potentials are 2 mV less negative at the lower pCa(2+) (P

  3. Primary psoas muscle abscess in pregnancy.

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    Swanson, Amy; Lau, Kenneth K; Korman, Tony M; Kornman, Tony; Wallace, Euan M; Polyakov, Alex

    2008-12-01

    Primary iliacus-psoas muscle abscess formation is very uncommon during pregnancy. We present a case of a primary iliacus-psoas muscle abscess in pregnancy causing back pain with delayed diagnosis and treatment. Understanding the clinical presentation of iliacus-psoas muscle abscess helps with considering it in the differential diagnosis of back pain during pregnancy.

  4. Enhancement of force generated by individual myosin heads in skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers at low ionic strength.

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    Haruo Sugi

    Full Text Available Although evidence has been presented that, at low ionic strength, myosin heads in relaxed skeletal muscle fibers form linkages with actin filaments, the effect of low ionic strength on contraction characteristics of Ca(2+-activated muscle fibers has not yet been studied in detail. To give information about the mechanism of muscle contraction, we have examined the effect of low ionic strength on the mechanical properties and the contraction characteristics of skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers in both relaxed and maximally Ca(2+-activated states. By progressively decreasing KCl concentration from 125 mM to 0 mM (corresponding to a decrease in ionic strength μ from 170 mM to 50 mM, relaxed fibers showed changes in mechanical response to sinusoidal length changes and ramp stretches, which are consistent with the idea of actin-myosin linkage formation at low ionic strength. In maximally Ca(2+-activated fibers, on the other hand, the maximum isometric force increased about twofold by reducing KCl concentration from 125 to 0 mM. Unexpectedly, determination of the force-velocity curves indicated that, the maximum unloaded shortening velocity Vmax, remained unchanged at low ionic strength. This finding indicates that the actin-myosin linkages, which has been detected in relaxed fibers at low ionic strength, are broken quickly on Ca(2+ activation, so that the linkages in relaxed fibers no longer provide any internal resistance against fiber shortening. The force-velocity curves, obtained at various levels of steady Ca(2+-activated isometric force, were found to be identical if they are normalized with respect to the maximum isometric force. The MgATPase activity of muscle fibers during isometric force generation was found not to change appreciably at low ionic strength despite the two-fold increase in Ca(2+-activated isometric force. These results can be explained in terms of enhancement of force generated by individual myosin heads, but not by any

  5. Force generation examined by laser temperature-jumps in shortening and lengthening mammalian (rabbit psoas) muscle fibres.

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    Ranatunga, K W; Coupland, M E; Pinniger, G J; Roots, H; Offer, G W

    2007-11-15

    We examined the tension change induced by a rapid temperature jump (T-jump) in shortening and lengthening active muscle fibres. Experiments were done on segments of permeabilized single fibres (length (L0) approximately 2 mm, sarcomere length 2.5 microm) from rabbit psoas muscle; [MgATP] was 4.6 mm, pH 7.1, ionic strength 200 mm and temperature approximately 9 degrees C. A fibre was maximally Ca2+-activated in the isometric state and a approximately 3 degrees C, rapid (shortening or ramp lengthening at a limited range of velocities (0-0.2 L0 s(-1)). The tension increased to 2- to 3 x P0 (isometric force) during ramp lengthening at velocities > 0.05 L0 s(-1), whereas the tension decreased to about shortening at 0.1-0.2 L0 s(-1); the unloaded shortening velocity was approximately 1 L0 s(-1) and the curvature of the force-shortening velocity relation was high (a/P0 ratio from Hill's equation of approximately 0.05). In isometric state, a T-jump induced a tension rise of 15-20% to a new steady state; by curve fitting, the tension rise could be resolved into a fast (phase 2b, 40-50 s(-1)) and a slow (phase 3, 5-10 s(-1)) exponential component (as previously reported). During steady lengthening, a T-jump induced a small instantaneous drop in tension, followed by recovery, so that the final tension recorded with and without a T-jump was not significantly different; thus, a T-jump did not lead to a net increase of tension. During steady shortening, the T-jump induced a pronounced tension rise and both its amplitude and the rate (from a single exponential fit) increased with shortening velocity; at 0.1-0.2 L0 s(-1), the extent of fibre shortening during the T-jump tension rise was estimated to be approximately 1.2% L(0) and it was shorter at lower velocities. At a given shortening velocity and over the temperature range of 8-30 degrees C, the rate of T-jump tension rise increased with warming (Q10 approximately 2.7), similar to phase 2b (endothermic force generation) in

  6. Thin filament activation probed by fluorescence of N-((2-(Iodoacetoxy)ethyl)-N-methyl)amino-7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1, 3-diazole-labeled troponin I incorporated into skinned fibers of rabbit psoas muscle

    OpenAIRE

    Brenner, B; Kraft, T; Yu, LC; Chalovich, JM

    1999-01-01

    A method is described for the exchange of native troponin of single rabbit psoas muscle fibers for externally applied troponin complexes without detectable impairment of functional properties of the skinned fibers. This approach is used to exchange native troponin for rabbit skeletal troponin with a fluorescent label (N-((2-(iodoacetoxy)ethyl)-N-methyl)amino-7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1, 3-diazole, IANBD) on Cys(133) of the troponin I subunit. IANBD-labeled troponin I has previously been used in solut...

  7. Psoas Muscle Infiltration Masquerading Distant Adenocarcinoma

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    Kamel A. Gharaibeh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant metastasis to the psoas muscle is rare. We report a case that clinically mimicked psoas abscess that was subsequently proven to be from metastatic disease secondary to adenocarcinoma of the duodenum. A 62-year-old male presented with a seven-month history of right lower quadrant abdominal pain and progressive dysphagia. CT scan of abdomen-pelvis revealed a right psoas infiltration not amenable to surgical drainage. Patient was treated with two courses of oral antibiotics without improvement. Repeated CT scan showed ill-defined low-density area with inflammatory changes involving the right psoas muscle. Using CT guidance, a fine needle aspiration biopsy of the right psoas was performed that reported metastatic undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. Patient underwent upper endoscopy, which showed a duodenal mass that was biopsied which also reported poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. In this case, unresponsiveness to medical therapy or lack of improvement in imaging studies warrants consideration of differential diagnosis such as malignancy. Iliopsoas metastases have shown to mimic psoas abscess on their clinical presentation and in imaging studies. To facilitate early diagnosis and improve prognosis, patients who embody strong risk factors and symptoms compatible with underlying malignancies who present with psoas imaging concerning for abscess should have further investigations.

  8. Anatomic variation of the iliacus and psoas major muscles

    OpenAIRE

    Fabrizio PA

    2011-01-01

    Routine dissection has identified a previously unrecorded unilateral variation of the iliacus and psoas muscles in a 91-year-old female cadaver. A variant iliacus muscle belly originated from the superior lateral aspect of the iliac fossa and after traversing the iliac fossa in a nearly horizontal plane, inserted into the psoas major muscle forming a blended iliacus-psoas muscle. The femoral nerve coursed laterally behind the muscle variant to the superior edge of the blended iliacus-psoas. T...

  9. Bilateral Psoas Muscle Abscess Associated with Emphysematous Cystitis

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    Jae-Ki Choi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Psoas muscle abscess associated with emphysematous urinary tract infection is very rare. There were very few reports about urinary tract infections such as renal abscess, perinephric abscess, and emphysematous pyelonephritis complicated with psoas muscle abscess; however, psoas muscle abscess associated with emphysematous cystitis has not yet been reported. Here, we report a case of bilateral posas muscle abscess following emphysematous cystitis in an 81-year-old nondiabetic man, who was treated successfully with prolonged antibiotic therapy and supportive care. Early recognition of psoas muscle abscess can prevent aggressive interventional procedure and warrant good prognosis.

  10. Anatomic relationships of psoas muscle: clinical applications to psoas hitch ureteral reimplantation.

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    Maldonado, Pedro A; Slocum, Paul D; Chin, Kathleen; Corton, Marlene M

    2014-11-01

    The objective of the study was to examine the anatomic relationship of the genitofemoral and femoral nerves to the psoas major muscle. Dissections were performed in 17 unembalmed female cadavers. Point A was used as the approximate location for placement of psoas hitch sutures and as the reference point from which all measurements were taken. Measurements included the width of the psoas major muscle, psoas minor tendon, genitofemoral nerve branches, and femoral nerve. The relative location of the genitofemoral and femoral nerves to point A and the presence or absence of a psoas minor tendon were documented. The psoas minor tendon was absent on at least 1 side in 11 specimens (64.7%). The median width of the psoas minor tendon was 7 mm (range, 3-11.5 mm). The median width and depth of the psoas major muscle was 21.5 mm (range, 10-35 mm) and 20.0 mm (range, 11.5-32 mm), respectively. The median width of the genitofemoral nerve was 2 mm (range, 1-4.5 mm) and that of the femoral nerve was 6.3 mm (range, 5-10.5 mm). Overall, 54 genitofemoral nerve branches were identified in 17 cadavers, 30 medial (55.5%), 22 lateral (40.7%), and 2 directly overlying point A (3.7%). The exact location for the placement of the psoas hitch sutures will vary, depending on the location of the ureteral injury and the anatomy of the psoas muscle and surrounding structures. A thorough understanding of this regional anatomy should optimize the placement of psoas hitch sutures during ureteral reimplantation procedures and help avoid nerve and vessel injury. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Anatomic variation of the iliacus and psoas major muscles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio PA

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Routine dissection has identified a previously unrecorded unilateral variation of the iliacus and psoas muscles in a 91-year-old female cadaver. A variant iliacus muscle belly originated from the superior lateral aspect of the iliac fossa and after traversing the iliac fossa in a nearly horizontal plane, inserted into the psoas major muscle forming a blended iliacus-psoas muscle. The femoral nerve coursed laterally behind the muscle variant to the superior edge of the blended iliacus-psoas. The femoral nerve then coursed over the anterior aspect of the muscle variant and continued inferiorly in a typical course toward the inguinal ring. The current findings and clinical significance are discussed.

  12. The ultrasound appearance of the normal psoas muscle.

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    King, A D; Hine, A L; McDonald, C; Abrahams, P

    1993-11-01

    One hundred and forty-four psoas muscles in 72 subjects were scanned to study the normal ultrasound appearance. For the purpose of description the psoas was divided into three sections. Ten of the 432 sections could not be adequately seen on ultrasound. The psoas demonstrated hyperechoic striations on a hypoechoic background typical of muscle. In addition the upper section, from the origin of the muscle to the lower pole of the kidney, contained echogenic planes in 15 (10%) and the mid section, from the lower pole of kidney to iliac crest, demonstrated prominent echogenic planes and focal areas of increased and decreased echogenicity in 65 (46%). The lower section, from the iliac crest to fusion with the iliacus, demonstrated a single echogenic plane in 96 (70.5%) which was best seen running obliquely in the transverse plane and in 40 (29.5%) there were more complex echogenic planes or focal areas of increased or decreased echogenicity. The cause of the prominent echogenic plane in the lower section was not apparent in the anatomical literature and therefore cadaveric dissection of nine psoas muscles was performed which demonstrated that the echogenic plane was caused by intramuscular tendon fibres formed from the more cranial origins of the psoas. The psoas minor was not identified as a separate structure.

  13. Regression of polyneural innervation in the human psoas muscle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gramsbergen, A; IjkemaPaassen, J; Nikkels, PGJ; HaddersAlgra, M

    1997-01-01

    During the early stages of mammalian ontogeny muscle fibres are innervated by more than one axon. This polyneural innervation is replaced by mononeural innervation in the course of development. The regression of polyneural innervation in the psoas muscle in the human is the topic of the present stud

  14. Thin filament activation probed by fluorescence of N-((2-(iodoacetoxy)ethyl)-N-methyl)amino-7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole-labeled troponin I incorporated into skinned fibers of rabbit psoas muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenner, B; Kraft, T; Yu, L C; Chalovich, J M

    1999-11-01

    A method is described for the exchange of native troponin of single rabbit psoas muscle fibers for externally applied troponin complexes without detectable impairment of functional properties of the skinned fibers. This approach is used to exchange native troponin for rabbit skeletal troponin with a fluorescent label (N-((2-(iodoacetoxy)ethyl)-N-methyl)amino-7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1, 3-diazole, IANBD) on Cys(133) of the troponin I subunit. IANBD-labeled troponin I has previously been used in solution studies as an indicator for the state of activation of reconstituted actin filaments (. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 77:7209-7213). In the skinned fibers, the fluorescence of this probe is unaffected when cross-bridges in their weak binding states attach to actin filaments but decreases either upon the addition of Ca(2+) or when cross-bridges in their strong binding states attach to actin. Maximum reduction is observed when Ca(2+) is raised to saturating concentrations. Additional attachment of cross-bridges in strong binding states gives no further reduction of fluorescence. Attachment of cross-bridges in strong binding states alone (low Ca(2+) concentration) gives only about half of the maximum reduction seen with the addition of calcium. This illustrates that fluorescence of IANBD-labeled troponin I can be used to evaluate thin filament activation, as previously introduced for solution studies. In addition, at nonsaturating Ca(2+) concentrations IANBD fluorescence can be used for straightforward classification of states of the myosin head as weak binding (nonactivating) and strong binding (activating), irrespective of ionic strength or other experimental conditions. Furthermore, the approach presented here not only can be used as a means of exchanging native skeletal troponin and its subunits for a variety of fluorescently labeled or mutant troponin subunits, but also allows the exchange of native skeletal troponin for cardiac troponin.

  15. Psoas muscle abscess simulating acute appendicits: A case report

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    Eugenio L.C. Miller

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: The psoas muscle abscess is uncommon and poorly characterized in its etiology, clinical associations, and its therapeutic approach. On the other hand, acute appendicitis is the most common abdominal emergency, with a 7% death rate, and surgery is its main treatment.

  16. Polyneural innervation in the psoas muscle of the developing rat

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ijkema-Paassen, J; Gramsbergen, A

    1998-01-01

    Polyneural innervation was studied in the psoas muscle in developing rats from P4 till P25 and at adult age, with the combined silver-acetylcholinesterase technique. Nerve endings were counted, and endplates were measured. These data were compared with such data in the human. The end of polyneural i

  17. The psoas major muscle: a three-dimensional geometric study.

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    Santaguida, P L; McGill, S M

    1995-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to use anatomical data obtained from cadavers, and geometrical scaling data obtained from MRI scans of living subjects, to assess the line of action and mechanical function of the psoas major muscle in three dimensions about each lumbar spine level. In addition, the line of action of the psoas major was documented as a function of lordosis. A total of seven cadavers were dissected from which fibre/tendon architecture was measured, while MRI scans were performed on 15 males to obtain centroid paths and area scales of the muscle over its length. In this way, the curving path of muscle line of action was accommodated together with force and moment predictions that recognized the presence of a tendon at lower lumbar levels (up to L3 in some subjects) significantly increasing the stress. Results confirm that the mechanics of the psoas cannot be adequately represented with a series of straight line vectors from vertebral origins to insertion. Moreover, the mechanical action of the psoas major does not change as a function of lumbar spine lordosis as the muscle path of action changes in accordance with changes in spine posture. Functionally, contrary to claims, the psoas cannot act as a 'derotator' of the spine, does not impose large shear forces on the spine in any posture except at L5-S1, and cannot have major affects to 'control lordosis'. It has the potential to stabilize the lumbar spine with compressive loading and with bilateral activation, to laterally flex it, and can create large anterior shear forces but only at L5-S1.

  18. The psoas muscle as cause of low back pain in infantile cerebral palsy.

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    Marrè-Brunenghi, G; Camoriano, R; Valle, M; Boero, S

    2008-03-01

    Psoas muscle spasticity is hypothesised as a rare cause of low back pain in patients with infantile cerebral palsy. The authors describe a new manoeuvre for the study of psoas tenderness and ultrasound (US)-guided transabdominal botulinum toxin injection technique. A possible causal relationship between psoas tension and low back pain was found incidentally in two examined cases. In subsequent patients, botulinum toxin was injected and, in cases of disappearance of symptoms, the psoas tendon was sectioned at the pelvic brim with definitive disappearance of pain. The relationship between psoas tension and low back pain in patients with infantile cerebral palsy seems likely, given the result in the four patients.

  19. A model based method for recognizing psoas major muscles in torso CT images

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    Kamiya, Naoki; Zhou, Xiangrong; Chen, Huayue; Hara, Takeshi; Yokoyama, Ryujiro; Kanematsu, Masayuki; Hoshi, Hiroaki; Fujita, Hiroshi

    2010-03-01

    In aging societies, it is important to analyze age-related hypokinesia. A psoas major muscle has many important functional capabilities such as capacity of balance and posture control. These functions can be measured by its cross sectional area (CSA), volume, and thickness. However, these values are calculated manually in the clinical situation. The purpose of our study is to propose an automated recognition method of psoas major muscles in X-ray torso CT images. The proposed recognition process involves three steps: 1) determination of anatomical points such as the origin and insertion of the psoas major muscle, 2) generation of a shape model for the psoas major muscle, and 3) recognition of the psoas major muscles by use of the shape model. The model was built using quadratic function, and was fit to the anatomical center line of psoas major muscle. The shape model was generated using 20 CT cases and tested by 20 other CT cases. The applied database consisted of 12 male and 8 female cases from the ages of 40's to 80's. The average value of Jaccard similarity coefficient (JSC) values employed in the evaluation was 0.7. Our experimental results indicated that the proposed method was effective for a volumetric analysis and could be possible to be used for a quantitative measurement of psoas major muscles in CT images.

  20. A study to investigate needle insertion atShenshu (BL23) to puncture psoas major muscle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kwan Leung Chia; Rainer Viktor Haberberger

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: It is unknown whether the psoas major muscle, thought to be a key muscle for treatment of lower back pain, can be punctured at Shenshu (BL23). METHODS: Twelve dissected specimens were used for studying the needling pathway of BL23 by perpendicularly inserting the depth-measuring blade of a vernier caliper at BL23. Dimensions of psoas muscle were measured. Correlation studies were conducted. In addition, our samples were grouped by gender and underlying medical conditions for analysis. RESULTS:Half (50%) of the needle insertions successfully punctured psoas muscle. The mean depth of needle insertion to puncture psoas muscle (Dmin) in the group with short-term underlying medical conditions was 38.0 mm (interquartile range 29.0–51.8 mm), approximately 6 mm deeper than 32.0 (29.3–42.5) mm in the group with long-term health problems (P = 0.041). The cross-sectional area (CSA) of psoas muscle in the former group was on average approximately 1.5 times that of the latter group (P = 0.04). When the data were analysed by gender, the thickness of psoas muscle in the male group was 19.0 (6.5–24.0) mm compared to 19.5 (5.8–34.8) mm in the female group (P = 0.02). The age in the female group (P = 0.04) and the body length of the total group (P = 0.04) negatively correlated to Dmin. CONCLUSION: Needle insertion at BL23 might be able to puncture psoas muscle. Differences in the CSA of psoas muscle and Dmin were observed in groups with short-term and long-term underlying medical conditions.

  1. Psoas muscle and lumbar spine stability : a concept uniting existing controversies - Critical review and hypothesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Penning, L

    2000-01-01

    Psoas muscle (PM) function with regard to the lumbar spine (LS) is disputed. Electromyographic studies attribute to the PM a possible role as stabilizer. Anatomical textbooks describe the PM as an LS flexor, but not a stabilizer. According to more recent anatomical studies, the PM does not act on th

  2. Psoas muscle and lumbar spine stability : a concept uniting existing controversies - Critical review and hypothesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Penning, L

    2000-01-01

    Psoas muscle (PM) function with regard to the lumbar spine (LS) is disputed. Electromyographic studies attribute to the PM a possible role as stabilizer. Anatomical textbooks describe the PM as an LS flexor, but not a stabilizer. According to more recent anatomical studies, the PM does not act on

  3. Fate of the psoas muscle after open reduction for developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH).

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    Bassett, G S; Engsberg, J R; McAlister, W H; Gordon, J E; Schoenecker, P L

    1999-01-01

    We evaluated the anatomic and functional consequences of psoas lengthening during operative intervention for developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH). Possible anatomic changes were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and functional assessment included strength determination by an isokinetic dynamometer and gait analysis. Six girls and one boy, ranging in age from 15 to 20 months, had operative reduction of a unilateral DDH. One closed and six open reductions (three anteromedial and three anterolateral approaches) were performed. Follow-up ranged from 4 years 0 months to 9 years 2 months. The cross-sectional area determined by MRI of the lengthened psoas muscles was markedly reduced for all of the six open-reduction patients (three moderate and three severe). Atrophy of the iliacus muscle also was apparent by MRI in five of the six open-reduction patients. Maximum flexion torque, as determined by the isokinetic dynamometer, was diminished on the DDH side for the three patients whose hips were reduced open through the anteromedial approach. Average hip-flexion torque over the entire range of motion was decreased for both anteromedial and anterolateral groups on the operated-on side. Lengthening of the psoas tendon during open reduction of a DDH is associated with considerable atrophy of the psoas muscle.

  4. Late complication of a renal calculus: fistulisation to the psoas muscle, skin and bronchi.

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    Snoj, Ziga; Savic, Nenad; Regvat, Jaka

    2015-01-01

    Kidney disease presenting with cutaneous fistula is a rare condition. We present a case of a 90-year-old woman with dementia who had no prior urological problems and had a cutaneous fistula in the left lumbar region. A fistulogram and computer tomography examination revealed a large staghorn calculus with signs of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in the left kidney and renal fistulisation to the psoas muscle, skin and bronchi. To our knowledge this is the first report in the literature of coexisting renal fistulisation to the psoas major muscle, skin and bronchi. This report illustrates how computed tomography in combination with fistulography can resolve the diagnostic dilemma that pertains to the complex spread of the disease in cases involving nephrocutaneous fistula. Furthermore, the report shows how a renal calculus, even asymptomatic, can cause a serious medical condition, and highlights the importance of early medical intervention.

  5. Ultrasonographic measurement of tendon displacement caused by active force generation in the psoas major muscle.

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    Matsubayashi, Takeo; Kubo, Junjiro; Matsuo, Akifumi; Kobayashi, Kando; Ishii, Naokata

    2008-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of using ultrasonography for detecting the force generated by the psoas major muscle, a muscle positioned in the deep trunk. We measured the displacement of central tendon on B-mode ultrasound images of two different longitudinal sections of the muscle during passive hip flexion-extension and isometric hip flexion at varied hip angles. In both tasks, the values of tendon displacement obtained independently from each section coincided well, indicating that tendon displacement took place along a straight trajectory, i.e., close to the nodal line between two scanned planes. It was strongly correlated with both the hip angle (R(2) = 0.98) and the hip-flexion torque (R(2) = 0.83). In the second set of experiment, we measured the tendon displacement during dynamic movements with the combination of ultrasonography and VICON-based motion analysis. From the tendon displacement during dynamic thigh lifting and walking, the force generated by the muscle could be estimated by extracting the force-related component. These results indicate that ultrasonography of the psoas major muscle can measure the displacement of its central tendon accompanied with either length change of the muscle or the elongation of tendon. Although much attention has to be paid to the limitations of this methodology, ultrasonography may be useful for detecting the force generation of the muscle during a variety of dynamic movements.

  6. Variant slips of psoas and iliacus muscles, with splitting of the femoral nerve.

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    Spratt, J D; Logan, B M; Abrahams, P H

    1996-01-01

    In bilateral dissections of 68 cadavers, four examples were found unilaterally of variant slips of iliacus and psoas major muscles. In three of them the femoral nerve was pierced by the variant slip. One of these variants was a previously undocumented accessory slip of iliacus, originating from the iliolumbar ligament, passing inferiorly anterior to iliacus, and traversing the femoral nerve; its tendon split to be attached proximally to the lesser trochanter of the femur and distally to an unknown insertion. Such anomalies might cause tension on the femoral nerve resulting in referred pain to the hip and knee joints and to the lumbar dermatomes L2,3 and 4.

  7. The effect of vitamin E supplementation on drip loss of bovine longissimus lumborum, psoas major and semitendinosus muscles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    den Hertog-Meischke, M.J.; Smulders, F.J.M.; Houben, J.H.; Eikelenboom, G.

    1997-01-01

    The effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation (2150 1U/head/day) on drip loss and related quality traits of bovine M. longissimus lumborum, M. psoas major and M. semitendinosus was examined. The effect of vitamin E supplementation on drip loss seemed to depend on muscle studied. Drip loss of longi

  8. The lumbar cord location of the motoneurons innervating psoas and iliacus muscles : a single and double labeling study in the female Syrian golden hamster

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerrits, PO; Boers, J; Holstege, G

    1997-01-01

    The spinal cord location of the motoneurons innervating the psoas and iliacus muscles was determined in the golden hamster. The results of single and double labeling studies, using the retrograde tracers horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and cholera toxin B-subunit (CTB), showed that both psoas and iliac

  9. The Lumbar Cord Location Of The Motoneurons Innervating Psoas And Iliacus Muscles; A Single And Double Labeling Study In The Female Syrian Golden Hamster

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerrits, Peter O.; Boers, José; Holstege, Gert

    1997-01-01

    The spinal cord location of the motoneurons innervating the psoas and iliacus muscles was determined in the golden hamster. The results of single and double labeling studies, using the retrograde tracers horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and cholera toxin B-subunit (CTB), showed that both psoas and iliac

  10. Hamstrings and psoas lengths during normal and crouch gait: implications for muscle-tendon surgery.

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    Delp, S L; Arnold, A S; Speers, R A; Moore, C A

    1996-01-01

    Crouch gait, one of the most common movement abnormalities among children with cerebral palsy, is characterized by persistent flexion of the knee during the stance phase. Short hamstrings are thought to be the cause of crouch gait; thus, crouch gait is often treated by surgical lengthening of the hamstrings. In this study, a graphics-based model of the lower extremity was used in conjunction with three-dimensional kinematic data obtained from gait analysis to estimate the lengths of the hamstrings and psoas muscles during normal and crouch gaits. Only three of 14 subjects with crouch gait (four of 20 limbs with knee flexion of 20 degrees or more throughout stance) had hamstrings that were shorter than normal by more than 1 SD during walking. Most (80%) of the subjects with crouch gait had hamstrings of normal length or longer, despite persistent knee flexion during stance. This occurred because the excessive knee flexion was typically accompanied by excessive hip flexion throughout the gait cycle. All of the subjects with crouch gait had a psoas that was shorter than normal by more than 1 SD during walking. These results emphasize the need to consider the geometry and kinematics of multiple joints before performing surgical procedures aimed at correcting crouch gait.

  11. Bilateral variations of the psoas major and the iliacus muscles and presence of an undescribed variant muscle--accessory iliopsoas muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelev, L; Shivarov, V; Surchev, L

    2005-07-01

    Inspite of the detailed description of the iliopsoas muscle complex, interesting variations of its main parts--the psoas major and the iliacus muscles can still be encountered. These variations may clarify some aspects of the embryological development of the iliopsoas and have certain clinical importance because of the frequent co-existence with an unusual femoral nerve by its formation and course. We present in our report a case of bilateral variations of the psoas major and the iliacus muscles combined with variations of the left and the right femoral nerves, which were found during the anatomical dissection of a female human cadaver. The most remarkable finding was noted on the left side, where an undescribed variant muscle accessory iliopsoas, was observed. It was the only finding of such a muscle among 108 human cadavers examined over a period of 22 years. The accessory iliopsoas was formed by the connection of two accessory muscles--accessory psoas major and accessory iliacus. The clinical significance of the described variant muscles and their importance as an additional factor in the femoral neuropathy are also a matter of discussion in our report.

  12. Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections in the Psoas Muscle of Children with Cerebral Palsy: Muscle Atrophy after Motor End Plate-Targeted Injections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Campenhout, Anja; Verhaegen, Ann; Pans, Steven; Molenaers, Guy

    2013-01-01

    MEP targeting during BoNT-A injections has been demonstrated to improve outcome. Two injection techniques of the psoas muscle--proximal MEP targeting versus a widely used more distal injection technique--are compared using muscle volume assessment by digital MRI segmentation as outcome measure. Method: 7 spastic diplegic children received…

  13. Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections in the Psoas Muscle of Children with Cerebral Palsy: Muscle Atrophy after Motor End Plate-Targeted Injections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Campenhout, Anja; Verhaegen, Ann; Pans, Steven; Molenaers, Guy

    2013-01-01

    MEP targeting during BoNT-A injections has been demonstrated to improve outcome. Two injection techniques of the psoas muscle--proximal MEP targeting versus a widely used more distal injection technique--are compared using muscle volume assessment by digital MRI segmentation as outcome measure. Method: 7 spastic diplegic children received…

  14. Color attributes and oxidative stability of longissimus lumborum and psoas major muscles from Nellore bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canto, Anna C V C S; Costa-Lima, Bruno R C; Suman, Surendranath P; Monteiro, Maria Lucia G; Viana, Fernanda M; Salim, Ana Paula A A; Nair, Mahesh N; Silva, Teofilo J P; Conte-Junior, Carlos A

    2016-11-01

    The influence of muscle source on color stability of fresh beef from purebred Bos indicus cattle was investigated. Longissimus lumborum (LL) and psoas major (PM) muscles obtained from twelve (n=12) Nellore bull carcasses (24h post-mortem) were fabricated into 2.54-cm steaks, aerobically packaged, and stored at 4°C for nine days. Steaks were analyzed on day 0 for proximate composition and myoglobin concentration, whereas pH, instrumental color, metmyoglobin reducing activity (MRA), lipid oxidation, and protein oxidation were evaluated on days 0, 3, 6, and 9. LL steaks exhibited greater (P<0.05) redness, color stability, and MRA than PM counterparts. On the other hand, PM steaks demonstrated greater (P<0.05) myoglobin content, lipid oxidation, and protein oxidation than LL steaks. These results indicated the critical influence of muscle source on discoloration of fresh beef from Bos indicus animals and suggested the necessity to engineer muscle-specific strategies to improve color stability and marketability of beef from Bos indicus cattle.

  15. The role of the psoas and iliacus muscles for stability and movement of the lumbar spine, pelvis and hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, E; Oddsson, L; Grundström, H; Thorstensson, A

    1995-02-01

    The activation patterns of the psoas and iliacus muscles were investigated in 7 healthy adult subjects (4 men and 3 women) during a variety of motor tasks in standing, sitting and lying. Myoelectric activity was recorded simultaneously from the 2 muscles using thin wire electrodes inserted under guidance of high-resolution ultrasound. In general, both muscles were coactivated, albeit to different relative levels, particularly when hip flexor torque was required. Selective activation of the iliacus could, however, be seen to stabilize the pelvis in contralateral hip extension during standing. Psoas was found to be selectively involved in sitting with a straight back and in contralateral loading situations requiring stabilization of the spine in the frontal plane. During training exercises from a supine position, such as sit-ups, the contribution of the psoas and iliacus muscles could be varied by changing the range of motion as well as the position and support for the legs. Thus, the 2 anatomically different muscles of the iliopsoas complex were shown to have individual and task-specific activation patterns depending on the particular demands for stability and movement at the lumbar spine, pelvis and hip.

  16. Appropriately placed surface EMG electrodes reflect deep muscle activity (psoas, quadratus lumborum, abdominal wall) in the lumbar spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGill, S; Juker, D; Kropf, P

    1996-11-01

    This study tested the possibility of obtaining the activity of deeper muscles in the torso-specifically psoas, quadratus lumborum, external oblique, internal oblique and transverse abdominis, using surface myoelectric electrodes. It was hypothesized that: (1) surface electrodes adequately represent the amplitude of deep muscles (specifically psoas, quadratus lumborum, external oblique, internal oblique, transverse abdominis); (2) a single surface electrode location would best represent the activation profiles of each deep muscle over a broad variety of tasks. We assumed that prediction of activation within 10% of maximum voluntary contraction (RMS difference between the surface and intramuscular channels), over the time history of the signal, was reasonable and acceptable to assist clinical interpretation of muscle activation amplitude, and ultimately for modeled estimates of muscle force. Surface electrodes were applied and intramuscular electrodes were inserted on the left side of the body in five men and three women who then performed a wide variety of flexor tasks (bent knee and straight leg situps and leg raises, curl ups), extensor tasks (including lifting barbells up to 70 kg), lateral bending tasks (standing lateral bend and horizontal lying side support), twisting tasks (standing and sitting), and internal/external hip rotation. Using the criteria of RMS difference and the coefficient of determination (R2) to compare surface with intramuscular myoelectric signals, the results indicated that selected surface electrodes adequately represent the amplitude of deep muscles-always within 15% RMS difference, or less with the exception of psoas where differences up to 20% were observed but only in certain maximum voluntary contraction efforts. It appears reasonable for spine modelers, and particularly clinicians, to assume well selected surface electrode locations provide a representation of these deeper muscles-as long as they recognize the magnitude of error for

  17. Kyste hydatique du foie rompu dans la paroi abdominale et dans le muscle psoas: a propos d�une rare observation

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    Issam En-Nafaa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Le kyste hydatique du foie est une parasitose qui sevit a l'etat endemique au maroc. La rupture dans la paroi abdominale et dans le psoas est une complication exceptionnelle. Nous rapportons un cas de kyste hydatique du foie rompu dans la paroi et dans le muscle psoas. Le diagnostic a ete etabli sur les donnees de l'echographie et surtout de la tomodensitometrie. Le patient a ete opere avec des suites simples.

  18. [Tenotomy of the psoas muscle in slow reduction of congenital hip dislocations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gennari, J M; Merrot, T; Piclet-Legre, B; Bergoin, M

    1995-01-01

    The aim of this study was to relate the efficacy of cutting the psoas tendon in case of high congenital hip dislocation treated by slow reduction according to Somerville-Petit. Twenty psoas tenotomies were realised between 1982 and 1992. The average age was 11 months 15 days old, they were 15 girls and 5 boys. Among them, only 9 patients had never been treated. By a short surgical approach close to the lateral lip of Scarpa's triangle, we cut the psoas tendon at the musculotendinous junction doing this suppresses the obstacle that interferes with the femoral head coming down. Results have been evaluated on clinically and especially radiologically. All hips remain stable except one case. A graduated subluxation of the hip occured after removal of the plaster. 18 hips have been revised between the third and fifth year. Clinical results were excellent, on radiological controls 5 hips were considered flawless, 11 satisfying, and 2 were imperfect. Only 2 children have been seen ten years later with excellent clinical and radiological results. The hypertrophic psoas tendon interposes between the femoral head and the acetabulum creasing the capsule and the limbus. Cutting tendon of the psoas will decrease the numerous unexplained failures that occured during slow reduction according to Sommerville-Petit method. The use of these surgical techniques may make more outstanding the tenotomies time. Tenotomy of the psoas tendon realized by a short surgical approach without any articular effraction, allowed us to obtain complete reduction of the hips dislocation in these 20 patients.

  19. Status spasticus and psoas muscle edema due to anti-GAD antibody associated stiff-man syndrome.

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    Maramattom, Boby Varkey

    2015-08-01

    Severe muscle rigidity and spasms are uncommon causes of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admissions. Stiff-man syndrome (SMS) is a rare disorder characterized by continuous muscle spasms, axial muscle rigidity, "tin soldier gait," and continuous motor unit activity on electromyography. There are three clinical variants of SMS; stiff-limb syndrome, classical SMS, and paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus. Three types of antibodies have been associated with SMS; however, anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibodies are the most frequent and are seen in the idiopathic type of SMS. The spasms of SMS can be very disabling and severe enough to cause muscle ruptures and skeletal fractures. We present a case of anti-GAD positive SMS with "status spasticus" causing bilateral psoas myoedema and rhabdomyolysis due to repeated axial muscle jerking in a 64-year-old man and discuss the differential diagnosis of a "jerking patient in the ICU."

  20. Implication of Psoas Muscle Index on Survival for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Undergoing Radiofrequency Ablation Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuri, Yukihisa; Nishikawa, Hiroki; Enomoto, Hirayuki; Ishii, Akio; Iwata, Yoshinori; Miyamoto, Yuho; Ishii, Noriko; Hasegawa, Kunihiro; Nakano, Chikage; Nishimura, Takashi; Yoh, Kazunori; Aizawa, Nobuhiro; Sakai, Yoshiyuki; Ikeda, Naoto; Takashima, Tomoyuki; Takata, Ryo; Iijima, Hiroko; Nishiguchi, Shuhei

    2017-01-01

    Aims We aimed to retrospectively examine the impact of pretreatment psoas muscle index (PMI) as determined by computed tomography on survival for treatment naïve hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who underwent percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy (n=182; 111 males and 71 females with median age of 70 years). Patients and methods Optimal cut-off points of PMI in male and female were calculated by receiver operating characteristic analysis for survival. We investigated parameters associated with overall survival (OS) in the univariate and multivariate analyses. Results The median follow-up period in this study was 4.28 years. For all cases, the 5-year cumulative OS rate after initial RFA was 69.2%. The median (range) value in PMI for male was 6.03 (1.63-9.90) cm2/m2 whereas that for female was 4.06 (1.21-7.32) cm2/m2. Maximum tumor size ranged from 0.7 cm to 3.5 cm (median, 1.5cm). There were 145 patients with single nodule and 37 with multiple nodules. The optimal cut-off point for PMI was 6.31 cm2/m2 in male and 3.91 cm2/m2 in female. The 5-year cumulative OS rates were 51.5% in the decreased PMI group (n=90) and 86.5% in the non-decreased PMI group (n=92) (PPMI (PPMI can be useful for predicting outcomes in HCC patients undergoing percutaneous RFA therapy. PMID:28775769

  1. The lumbar cord location of the motoneurons innervating psoas and iliacus muscles: a single and double labeling study in the female Syrian golden hamster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerrits, P O; Boers, J; Holstege, G

    1997-11-21

    The spinal cord location of the motoneurons innervating the psoas and iliacus muscles was determined in the golden hamster. The results of single and double labeling studies, using the retrograde tracers horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and cholera toxin B-subunit (CTB), showed that both psoas and iliacus motoneurons were present ventrolaterally in the ventral horn in the caudal L1 to rostral L5 lumbar spinal segments with their motoneurons intermingled in one cell group. Further retrograde tracing studies demonstrated abdominal muscle motoneurons ventrolaterally in the ventral horn of the L1 and upper L2 segments. Double labeling experiments revealed that at these levels (caudal L1 and rostral L2), the abdominal muscle motoneurons were located dorsomedial to the psoas and iliacus motoneurons.

  2. The function of the psoas major muscle: passive kinetics and morphological studies using donated cadavers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshio, Masaharu; Murakami, Gen; Sato, Toshio; Sato, Shuichi; Noriyasu, Seiji

    2002-01-01

    This study was carried out to analyze the phasic heterogeneity in the function of the psoas major muscle (PMM) depending on the flexion angle at the hip joint. The study design was a passive kinetic experiment using 25 osteoligamentous specimens with the PMM tendon. We measured the flexion angle of the hip joint where the PMM tendon loses contact with the femoral head and pelvic surface. Ten osteoligamentous specimens were used for additional measurements of the tensile force and pressure exerted on the PMM and/or at the bone-tendon interface when the PMM tendon was gently pulled in line with the PMM origin in the supine position. The tension loading the PMM tendon was measured at seven different angled positions of hip joint flexion (0 degrees, 15 degrees, 30 degrees, 45 degrees, 60 degrees, 75 degrees, and 90 degrees ), using a load cell attached to a traction appliance. The pressure was measured at each of eight sites along the long axis of the PMM, using a pressure sensor. The PMM tendon lost contact with the femoral head at angled positions of 14 degrees (average) hip flexion, and lost contact with the iliopectineal eminence at positions of 54 degrees (average). The tension was stronger at angled positions of 0 degrees -30 degrees at the hip joint. The pressure on the femoral head and pelvic surface were stronger at positions of 0 degrees -30 degrees at the hip joint. The pressure on the femoral head was strongest at a hip flexion of 0 degrees. The tensile force markedly decreased at 45 degrees -60 degrees flexion at the hip joint, while the pressure on the femoral head gradually reduced to zero in the same phases. We concluded that the PMM works phasically: (1) as an erector of the lumbar vertebral column, as well as a stabilizer of the femoral head in the acetabulum at 0 degrees -15 degrees flexion at the hip joint; (2) less as a stabilizer, in contrast to maintaining its erector action, at 15 degrees -45 degrees; and (3) as an effective flexor of the lower

  3. Femoral obturator and sciatic neurectomy with iliacus and psoas muscle section for spasticity following spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzel, E C; Barolat-Romana, G; Larson, S J

    1988-08-01

    The treatment of severe refractory spasticity following spinal cord injury may raise challenging therapeutic problems. Classical approaches involve various types of myelotomies, rhizotomies and intrathecal injections of neurolytic substances. Alternative approaches include percutaneous rhizotomies and, more recently, the possible use of electrical stimulation of the spinal cord. Certain cases, however, may not be amenable to commonly accepted techniques. An operative technique is presented which involves a suprapubic incision for an infraperitoneal approach to a femoral and obturator neurectomy and an incision of the iliacus and psoas muscles bilaterally. This may be followed, when indicated, by a bilateral infragluteal section of the sciatic nerves. This technique offers a viable surgical alternative to the treatment of spasticity following spinal cord injury in cases where other traditional methods are contraindicated or have failed.

  4. Total hip replacement infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complicated by Addison disease and psoas muscle abscess: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Nardo Pasquale

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Prosthetic joint infection due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis is occasionally encountered in clinical practice. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a prosthetic joint infection due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complicated by psoas abscesses and secondary Addison disease. Case presentation A 67-year-old immunocompetent Caucasian woman underwent total left hip arthroplasty because of osteoarthritis. After 18 months, she underwent arthroplasty revision for a possible prosthetic infection. Periprosthetic tissue specimens for bacteria were negative, and empirical antibiotic therapy was unsuccessful. She was then admitted to our department because of complications arising 22 months after arthroplasty. A physical examination revealed a sinus tract overlying her left hip and skin and mucosal pigmentation. Her levels of C-reactive protein, basal cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and sodium were out of normal range. Results of the tuberculin skin test and QuantiFERON-TB Gold test were positive. Computed tomography revealed a periprosthetic abscess and the inclusion of the left psoas muscle. Results of microbiological tests were negative, but polymerase chain reaction of a specimen taken from the hip fistula was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Our patient's condition was diagnosed as prosthetic joint infection and muscle psoas abscess due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and secondary Addison disease. She underwent standard treatment with rifampicin, ethambutol, isoniazid, and pyrazinamide associated with hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone. At 15 months from the beginning of therapy, she was in good clinical condition and free of symptoms. Conclusions Prosthetic joint infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is uncommon. A differential diagnosis of tuberculosis should be considered when dealing with prosthetic joint infection, especially when repeated smears and histology examination from infected

  5. Psoas compartment block.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, D M

    2000-05-01

    The psoas compartment acts as a conduit for the nerve roots of the lumbar plexus. Originating at approximately the 12th thoracic vertebrae, this potential compartment continues on caudally, bordered posterolaterally by fascia of the quadratus lumborum and iliacus muscles, medially by the fascia of the psoas major muscle, and anteriorly by the transversalis fascia. This natural "gutter" acts as a repository for local anesthetic agents and provides an excellent method of unilateral anterior lower extremity anesthesia. After elicitation of a motor evoked response in the muscles of the anterior thigh, 30 to 40 milliliters of local anesthetic is incrementally injected into the compartment. Spread of the anesthetic to all roots of the plexus occurs in 15 to 20 minutes. Profound sensory and motor blockade can be achieved providing surgical anesthesia as well as long duration postoperative pain relief.

  6. Morphometric analysis of somatotropic cells of the adenohypophysis and muscle fibers of the psoas muscle in the process of aging in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antić, Vladimir M; Stefanović, Natalija; Jovanović, Ivan; Antić, Milorad; Milić, Miroslav; Krstić, Miljan; Kundalić, Braca; Milošević, Verica

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this research was to quantify changes of the adenohypophyseal somatotropes and types 1 and 2 muscle fibers with aging, as well as to establish mutual interactions and correlations with age. Material was samples of hypophysis and psoas major muscle of 27 cadavers of both genders, aged from 30 to 90 years. Adenohypophyseal and psoas major tissue sections were immunohistochemically processed and stained by anti-human growth hormone and anti-fast myosin antibodies, respectively. Morphometric analysis was performed by ImageJ. Results of morphometric analysis showed a significant increase in the somatotrope area, and significant decrease in somatotrope volume density and nucleocytoplasmic ratio with age. Cross-sectional areas of types 1 and 2, and volume density of type 2 muscle fibers decreased significantly with age. One Way ANOVA showed that the latter cited changes in the somatotropes and types 1 and 2 muscle fibers mostly become significant after the age of 70. Significant positive correlation was observed between the area of the somatotropes and volume density of type 2 muscle fibers. A significant negative correlation was detected between the nucleocytoplasmic ratio of the somatotropes and cross-sectional areas of types 1 and 2 muscle fibers. So, it can be concluded that after the age of 70, there is significant loss of the anterior pituitary's somatotropes associated with hypertrophy and possible functional decline of the remained cells. Age-related changes in the somatotropes are correlated with the simultaneous atrophy of type 1, as well as with the atrophy and loss of type 2 muscle fibers.

  7. Abscesso do músculo psoas em paciente submetida à analgesia por via peridural: relato de caso Absceso del músculo psoas en paciente sometida a analgesia por vía peridural: relato del caso Psoas muscle abscess after epidural analgesia: case report

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    Durval Campos Kraychete

    2007-04-01

    un catéter peridural se pone, y esa vigilancia debe mantenerse después de su retirada.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psoas muscle abscess is a rare complication of epidural analgesia. The adequate approach to this complication is fundamental for a good resolution. The objective of this report was to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of psoas muscle abscess. CASE REPORT: A female patient, 65 years old, with neuropathic pain in the lower limbs, difficult to control with systemic drugs. The patient was treated with epidural opioid and local anesthetic as an alternate treatment. Twenty days after the continuous epidural administration, the patient complained of lumbar pain, headache, and fever. A CT scan of the pelvis showed an abscess of the psoas muscle, thus, closed drainage and antibiotics were indicated. CONCLUSIONS: An adequate, continuous supervision of the patient is necessary when an epidural catheter is placed, and it should continue after its removal.

  8. [Transfer of the psoas tendon to the, at its origin detached, rectus femoris muscle in infantile cerebral palsy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heimkes, B; Engert, K; Stotz, S

    1999-09-01

    Correction of flexion contracture of hip allowing an erect position while standing and walking. The gain in function helps to prevent a neurogenic dislocation of the coxofemoral joint. In infants with cerebral palsy unable to straighten the body before they can stand or walk. In ambulatory spastic children and adolescents with bothersome hip flexion contracture. Severe retardation of motor development in patients with cerebral palsy in whom walking and standing cannot be anticipated. Marked spastic-dystonic muscle weakness. In general, soft tissue releases at hip and knee are performed at the same sitting. Anterior approach to the hip. Detachment of the sartorius from the anterior superior iliac spine and mobilization in a distal direction. Detachment of the rectus femoris from the anterior inferior iliac spine and retraction distally. Exposure of the femoral nerve in the lacuna musculorum. Exposure of the psoas and detachment from the lesser tuberosity. The tendon is mobilized in a proximal direction. Transfer of the rectus tendon on the divided psoas tendon. Reattachment of the sartorius or distal displacement into the fascia of the thigh. A clinical and radiological follow-up of 71 bilaterally operated patients. A pertinent complete radiographic documentation was possible in all but 1 patient. 49.3% (n=35) of patients were able to walk preoperatively compared to 80.3% (n=57) at the time of follow-up. The average migration percentage according to Reimers amounted to 28.4% preoperatively; it had regressed to 18.2% at the time of follow-up. In none of the patients did a subluxation or dislocation occur.

  9. Arthroscopic psoas tenotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wettstein, Michael; Jung, Jochen; Dienst, Michael

    2006-08-01

    Tenotomy may be indicated for psoas tendinitis or painful snapping if conservative treatment remains unsuccessful. Because of significant complications with open techniques, endoscopic operations have been developed. We present a new arthroscopic technique to access and release the psoas tendon from the hip joint. This procedure can be performed in addition to other arthroscopic procedures of the hip joint or alone. To exclude additional hip disease, a diagnostic round of the joint should be completed. After hip arthroscopy of the central compartment has been performed, traction is released and the 30 degrees arthroscope is placed via the proximal anterolateral portal lying on the anterior femoral neck. The medial synovial fold can be identified. This fold lies slightly medially underneath the anteromedial capsule at the level of the psoas tendon. The arthroscope is turned toward the anterior capsule. Sometimes, the tendon shines through a thin articular capsule, or it may even be accessed directly via a hole connecting the hip joint and the iliopectineal bursa at the level of the anterior head-neck junction. If this cannot be done, an electrothermic probe is introduced via the anterior portal to make a 2-cm transverse capsular incision. The tendon is released with the back side of the electrothermic device turned to the iliacus muscle that lies anterior to the psoas tendon. A complete release is achieved when the tendon stumps can be seen gapping at a distance and the fibers of the iliacus muscle are visible. The first 9 patients who underwent surgery performed according to this technique developed no complications, and their hip flexion strength was restored to normal within 3 months.

  10. Trunk Muscle Characteristics of the Multifidi, Erector Spinae, Psoas, and Quadratus Lumborum in Older Adults With and Without Chronic Low Back Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sions, J Megan; Elliott, James M; Pohlig, Ryan T; Hicks, Gregory E

    2017-03-01

    Study Design Cross-sectional study. Objective To determine whether there are differences in trunk muscle characteristics between older adults with and without chronic low back pain (LBP), while controlling for age, sex, and body mass index. Background Muscle support for the trunk is provided by the multifidi, erector spinae, psoas, and quadratus lumborum. Trunk muscle characteristics may be altered with aging and/or chronic LBP. To date, most trunk muscle research has been conducted among younger adults. Given age-related muscle changes, such as reduced size and increased intramuscular fat, studies are needed in older adults, including those comparing older adults with and without LBP. Methods One hundred two older adults with (n = 53) and without (n = 49) chronic LBP were included. Cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements were taken by tracing inside the fascial borders on magnetic resonance images. Pixel intensity summaries were obtained to compute muscle-to-fat indices and relative muscle CSA, that is, CSA void of fat. Right/left averages for levels L2 through L5 were determined. Mixed-design analyses of covariance were used to test for differences between groups, based on LBP presence and sex, across levels (P≤.05). Results Older adults with LBP had a greater average multifidus muscle-to-fat index (0.51 versus 0.49) and smaller average erector spinae relative muscle CSA (8.56 cm(2) versus 9.26 cm(2)) when compared to control participants without LBP. No interactions between LBP status and average muscle characteristics were found for the psoas or quadratus lumborum (P>.05). Conclusion Up to 54% of older adult trunk muscle CSA may be fat. Women have smaller muscles and greater intramuscular fat (at lower spinal levels) than men. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(3):173-179. Epub 3 Feb 2017. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.7002.

  11. Reduced protein diets increase intramuscular fat of psoas major, a red muscle, in lean and fatty pig genotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madeira, M S; Lopes, P A; Costa, P; Coelho, D; Alfaia, C M; Prates, J A M

    2017-05-02

    The present study aims to assess the effects of pig's genotype (lean v. fatty) and dietary protein level (control v. reduced) on intramuscular fat (IMF) content, fatty acid composition and fibre profile of psoas major, a representative red muscle in pig's carcass scarcely studied relative to white longissimus lumborum. The experiment was conducted on 40 intact male pigs (20 Alentejana purebred and 20 Large White×Landrace×Pietrain crossbred) from 60 to 93 kg of live weight. Pigs were divided and allocated to four dietary groups: control protein diet equilibrated for lysine (17.5% of CP and 0.7% of lysine) and reduced protein diet (RPD) not equilibrated for lysine (13.1% of crude protein and 0.4% of lysine) within a 2×2 factorial arrangement (two genotypes and two diets). Alentejana purebred had higher IMF content (15.7%) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) (8.9%), whereas crossbred pigs had higher PM weight (46.3%) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (20.1%). The genotype also affected colour with higher lightness (15.1%) and yellowness (33.8%) and lower redness (9.9%) scores in crossbred pigs. In line with this, fatty pigs displayed more oxidative fibres (29.5%), whilst lean pigs had more glycolytic (54.4%). Relative to fatty acids, RPD increased MUFA (5.2%) and SFA (3.2%) but decreased PUFA (14.8%). Ultimately, RPD increased IMF content (15.7%) in the red muscle under study, with no impact on glycolytic to oxidative fibre type transformation.

  12. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2-induced heterotopic ossification of the retroperitoneum, psoas muscle, pelvis and abdominal wall following lumbar spinal fusion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, Raj K. [The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC (United States); Moncayo, Valeria M.; Pierre-Jerome, Claude; Terk, Michael R. [Emory University School of Medicine, Radiology Department, Musculoskeletal Division, Atlanta, GA (United States); Smitson, Robert D. [Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    2010-05-15

    A 45-year-old man presented with vertebral collapse at L5 as an initial manifestation of multiple myeloma and underwent spinal fusion surgery using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). Subsequent computed tomography (CT) scans and X-rays revealed heterotopic ossification of the left psoas muscle, pelvis, and anterior abdominal wall. While the occurrence of heterotopic ossification has previously been reported when rhBMP-2 has been used for spinal fusion surgery, this case demonstrates that it can occur to a much greater degree than previously seen. (orig.)

  13. Analysis of gene expression in rabbit muscle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alena Gálová

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Increasing consumer knowledge of the link between diet and health has raised the demand for high quality food. Meat and meat products may be considered as irreplaceable in human nutrition. Breeding livestock to higher content of lean meat and the use of modern hybrids entails problems with the quality of meat. Analysing of livestock genomes could get us a great deal of important information, which may significantly affect the improvement process. Domestic animals are invaluable resources for study of the molecular architecture of complex traits. Although the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL responsible for economically important traits in domestic animals has achieved remarkable results in recent decades, not all of the genetic variation in the complex traits has been captured because of the low density of markers used in QTL mapping studies. The genome wide association study (GWAS, which utilizes high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, provides a new way to tackle this issue. New technologies now allow producing microarrays containing thousands of hybridization probes on a single membrane or other solid support. We used microarray analysis to study gene expression in rabbit muscle during different developmental age stages. The outputs from GeneSpring GX sotware are presented in this work. After the evaluation of gene expression in rabbits, will be selected genes of interest in relation to meat quality parameters and will be further analyzed by the available methods of molecular biology and genetics.

  14. Arthroscopic Psoas Management: Techniques for Psoas Preservation and Psoas Tenotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiker, Andrea M; Degen, Ryan M; Camp, Christopher L; Coleman, Struan H

    2016-12-01

    The iliopsoas tendon is an important dynamic stabilizer of the hip joint, and it should be carefully identified and preserved during routine hip arthroscopy. However, it may also be a source of hip pain manifesting as iliopsoas tendinitis or a snapping hip or contributing to the development of labral pathology caused by psoas impingement. In the appropriately indicated, refractory cases of iliopsoas-related hip pain, surgical intervention in the form of an iliopsoas tenotomy at the level of the labrum can result in reliable pain relief. We describe a method to identify and protect the iliopsoas tendon during routine hip arthroscopy when preservation is desired. In addition, we detail how to deepen the psoas tunnel if psoas impingement is present but psoas tenotomy is contraindicated. We also describe a reproducible technique of arthroscopic iliopsoas tenotomy using standard portals and minimal equipment when indicated.

  15. Rehabilitating psoas tendonitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edelstein, Jaime

    2009-02-01

    This case report describes the examination and physical therapy intervention for a woman with anterior hip pain whose medical diagnosis following magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was bilateral labral tears and psoas tendinitis. Her physical therapy evaluation revealed findings consistent with psoas tendonitis. Utilizing theories of neuromuscular patterning and knowledge of normal muscle function, the patient was successfully treated in physical therapy following six physical therapy sessions, once a week for 6 weeks. The patient was found to have an overactive psoas muscle, as indicated by hip flexion being the primary mover in her movement patterns, and dysfunctional abdominal and pelvic floor muscles. Functionally based therapeutic exercise and electrical stimulation were used to reeducate the muscles of the abdomen, pelvic floor, and hips in order to create muscular balance and correct muscle dysfunction.

  16. MOTOR UNIT TERRITORIES AND FIBER TYPES IN RABBIT MASSETER MUSCLE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    WEIJS, WA; JUCH, PJW; KWA, SHS; KORFAGE, JAM

    1993-01-01

    The myosin heavy chain (MHC) content and spatial distribution of the fibers of 11 motor units (MUs) of the rabbit masseter muscle were determined. The fibers of single MUs were visualized in whole-muscle serial sections by a negative periodic acid/Schiff reaction for glycogen after they had been dep

  17. Is the psoas a hip flexor in the active straight leg raise?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Hai; Meijer, Onno G; van Dieën, Jaap H; Hodges, Paul W; Bruijn, Sjoerd M; Strijers, Rob L; Nanayakkara, Prabath W B; van Royen, Barend J; Wu, Wen Hua; Xia, Chun

    2011-05-01

    Psoas function is a topic of considerable relevance in sports and clinical science. However, the literature on psoas function is not sufficiently consistent. Questions are, amongst others, if during hip flexion the psoas always has the same function as the iliacus, and if the psoas affects the hip more than the lumbar spine. In the present study, 17 healthy women, 20-40 years, performed the active straight leg raise (ASLR), with the right or the left leg ("Side"), and without or with weight added above the ankle ("Condition"). Electromyographic (EMG) activity of psoas and iliacus were recorded with fine-wire electrodes, and of rectus femoris and adductor longus with surface electrodes, all on the right side. Movements of the leg were recorded with active markers and a camera system. During ASLR, the iliacus, rectus femoris, adductor longus and psoas were active ipsilaterally, but psoas was also active contralaterally. All muscles started to contract before movement onset, the iliacus, rectus femoris, and adductor longus largely at the same time, before the psoas. There was no significant difference between the amplitude or time of onset of ipsilateral and contralateral psoas EMG activity, nor was there a significant interaction between Side and Condition for the psoas. Although ipsilateral psoas activity is consistent with the psoas being a hip flexor, contralateral activity is not. The most simplest explanation of the pattern found is that the psoas is bilaterally recruited to stabilize the lumbar spine, probably in the frontal plane.

  18. An animal model for human masseter muscle: histochemical characterization of mouse, rat, rabbit, cat, dog, pig, and cow masseter muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tuxen, A; Kirkeby, S

    1990-01-01

    .4, type IM fibers react moderately, and type II fibers react strongly. Rat and mouse masseter muscles contained type II fibers only, as did some rabbit masseter muscles, whereas other rabbit masseter muscles possessed equal amounts of type I and II fibers. Cat and dog masseter muscles possessed both type...

  19. Psoas major and its controversial rotational action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skyrme, A D; Cahill, D J; Marsh, H P; Ellis, H

    1999-01-01

    The action of psoas major muscle as a primary flexor of the hip joint is undisputed. However it is also variably reported as being a medial and a lateral rotator of the femur at the hip joint. The psoas and iliacus muscles, along with their common insertion, were isolated by dissection in six adult cadaveric specimens. The action of psoas muscle was assessed by pulling the muscle along its long axis and then observing the effects on rotation of the femur, with a visual estimation of the rotation in degrees. The experiment was repeated with the hip joint capsule removed. In the anatomical position, applied traction along the long axis of the muscle produced hip flexion with no rotational component. With the hip in the abducted position, traction produced flexion, adduction, and lateral rotation of the femur at the hip joint. In adduction of the hip, traction on psoas produced only flexion at the hip joint, with no rotation. In maximal flexion, traction also produced adduction. The results were unaffected by the removal of the joint capsule.

  20. Changes in direction-specific activity of psoas major and quadratus lumborum in people with recurring back pain differ between muscle regions and patient groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Rachel J; Tsao, Henry; Cresswell, Andrew G; Hodges, Paul W

    2013-06-01

    Psoas major (PM) and quadratus lumborum (QL) muscles have anatomically discrete regions. Redistribution of activity between these regions has been observed in people with low back pain (LBP). We hypothesised that the bias of activity of specific regions of PM and QL towards trunk extension may change depending on whether LBP individuals have more or less erector spinae (ES) activity in an extended/upright lumbar posture. Ten volunteers with recurring episodes of LBP and nine pain-free controls performed isometric trunk efforts in upright sitting. LBP individuals were subgrouped into those with high and low ES electromyographic activity (EMG) when sitting with a lumbar lordosis. Fine-wire electrodes were inserted into fascicles of PM arising from the transverse process (PM-t) and vertebral body (PM-v) and anterior (QL-a) and posterior layers (QL-p) of QL. The LBP group with low ES EMG had greater bias of PM-t, PM-v and QL-p towards trunk extension. The LBP group with high ES activity showed less PM activity towards extension. These findings suggest redistribution of activity within and/or between these muscles with extensor moments. This is likely to be important to consider for effective clinical interventions for individuals with LBP.

  1. Psoas muscle architectural design, in vivo sarcomere length range, and passive tensile properties support its role as a lumbar spine stabilizer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regev, Gilad J; Kim, Choll W; Tomiya, Akihito; Lee, Yu Po; Ghofrani, Hossein; Garfin, Steven R; Lieber, Richard L; Ward, Samuel R

    2011-12-15

    Controlled laboratory and cross-sectional study designs. To determine psoas major (PM) muscle architectural properties, in vivo sarcomere-length operating range, and passive mechanical properties. PM is an important hip flexor but its role in lumbar spine function is not fully understood. Several investigators have detailed the gross anatomy of PM, but comprehensive architectural data and in vivo length-tension and passive mechanical behaviors have not been documented. PM was isolated in 13 cadaver specimens, permitting architectural measurements of physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA), normalized fiber length (Lf), and Lf:muscle length (Lm) ratio. Sarcomere lengths were measured in vivo from intraoperative biopsies taken with the hip joint in flexed and extended positions. Single-fiber and fiber bundle tensile properties and titin molecular weight were then measured from separate biopsies. Architecturally, average PCSA was 18.45 ± 1.32 cm2, average Lf was 12.70 ± 2 cm, and average Lf: Lm was 0.48 ± 0.06. Intraoperative sarcomere length measurements revealed that the muscle operates from 3.18 ± 0.20 μm with hip flexed at 10.7° ± 13.9° to 3.03 ± 0.22 μm with hip flexed at 55.9° ± 21.4°. Passive mechanical data demonstrated that the elastic modulus of the PM muscle fibers was 37.44 ± 9.11 kPa and of fiber bundles was 55.3 ± 11.8 kPa. Analysis of PM architecture demonstrates that its average Lf and passive biomechanical properties resemble those of the lumbar erector spinae muscles. In addition, PM sarcomere lengths were confined to the descending portion of the length-tension curve allowing the muscle to become stronger as the hip is flexed and the spine assumes a forward leaning posture. These findings suggest that the human PM has architectural and physiologic features that support its role as both a flexor of the hip and a dynamic stabilizer of the lumbar spine.

  2. Effect of joule temperature jump on tension and stiffness of skinned rabbit muscle fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bershitsky SYu; Tsaturyan, A K

    1989-11-01

    The effects of a temperature jump (T-jump) from 5-7 degrees C to 26-33 degrees C were studied on tension and stiffness of glycerol-extracted fibers from rabbit psoas muscle in rigor and during maximal Ca2+ activation. The T-jump was initiated by passing an alternating current pulse (30 kHz, up to 2.5 kV, duration 0.2 ms) through a fiber suspended in air. In rigor the T-jump induces a drop of both tension and stiffness. During maximal activation, the immediate stiffness dropped by (4.4 +/- 1.6) x 10(-3)/1 degree C (mean + SD) in response to the T-jump, and this was followed by a monoexponential stiffness rise by a factor of 1.59 +/- 0.14 with a rate constant ks = 174 +/- 42 s-1 (mean +/- SD, n = 8). The data show that the fiber stiffness, determined by the cross-bridge elasticity, in both rigor and maximal activation is not rubber-like. In the activated fibers the T-jump induced a biexponential tension rise by a factor of 3.45 +/- 0.76 (mean +/- SD, n = 8) with the rate constants 500-1,000 s-1 for the first exponent and 167 +/- 39 s-1 (mean +/- SD, n = 8) for the second exponent. The data are in accordance with the assumption that the first phase of the tension transient after the T-jump is due to a force-generating step in the attached cross-bridges, whereas the second one is related to detachment and reattachment of cross-bridges.

  3. Biomechanical analysis of the main masticatory muscles in the rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, P; Debussy, T

    1980-09-01

    The main masticatory muscles of the Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus L.) were divided into their 25 component bundles per side. 5 dry skulls were used to determine points of origin and insertion which were then projected onto 3 planes perpendicular to each other, for the establishment of a biomechanical model. By interpreting this model and by examining various mandibular movements, the bundles were classified into 16 functional groups. The findings of other biomechanical studies are contrasted with the results of the study.

  4. Effects of the Rho-Kinase Inhibitor Y-27632 on Extraocular Muscle Surgery in Rabbits

    OpenAIRE

    Ji‐Sun Moon; Hyun Kyung Kim; Sun Young Shin

    2017-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate the effect of the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 on postoperative inflammation and adhesion following extraocular muscle surgery in rabbits. Methods. The superior rectus muscle reinsertion was performed on both eyes of 8 New Zealand white rabbits. After reinsertion, the rabbits received subconjunctival injections of the Rho-kinase inhibitor and saline on each eye. To assess acute and late inflammatory changes, Ki-67, CD11β+, and F4/80 were evaluated and the sites of muscle ...

  5. Disseminated nocardiosis with psoas abscess in a patient with AIDS: first reported case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corti, Marcelo; Solari, Rubén; De Carolis, Luis; Cangelos, Diana; Bianchi, Mario; Negroni, Ricardo

    2008-01-01

    Psoas muscle abscess is an uncommon infection that have been diagnosed increasingly in the last years. We present a case of a patient with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection who developed a disseminated infection due to Nocardia asteroides sensu stricto type VI with psoas abscess. To our knowledge no other cases of Nocardia psoas abscess in the setting of HIV infection have been reported in the literature.

  6. The specific gallium-67 scan uptake pattern in psoas abscesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kao, P.-F.; Tzen, K.-Y.; Tsai, M.-F.; Yen, T.-C. [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Univ. School of Medicine, Tauyuan (Taiwan, Province of China); Tsui, K.-H. [Dept. of Urology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Tauyuan (Taiwan, Province of China)

    1998-10-01

    A psoas abscess is a rare clinical entity that presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. In this retrospective study, we reviewed gallium-67 scan findings in cases of psoas abscess to determine the specific uptake pattern and the usefulness of {sup 67}Ga scans in diagnosis and management. Fifteen psoas abscess lesions in 13 patients who had undergone a {sup 67}Ga scan during an 8-year period were found in the hospital computer. All but two of the patients had been diagnosed as having fever of unknown origin, urinary tract infection or another irrelevant disease prior to the {sup 67}Ga scan. Of the 15 psoas abscess lesions, 12 (80%) could be clearly diagnosed on the basis of the specific {sup 67} Ga uptake pattern, in which: (1) the oblique direction of the {sup 67}Ga-avid lesion correlates with the orientation of the psoas muscle from the lumbar region to the hip joint region; (2) the lesion does not cross the abdominal midline; (3) the lesion goes through the inguinal region; and (4) the lesion involves at least two-thirds of the whole length of the psoas muscle. The specific features may help in the differentiation of psoas abscess from other intra-abdominal lesions or normal bowel distribution, especially with single-photon emission tomographic images. In 7 of 13 patients (53.8%) the {sup 67}Ga scan findings contributed to the clinical management of the patients by first detecting the focus of the infection. Multiple concomitant {sup 67}Ga-avid lesions were found in ten patients. In conclusion, the specific features as well as the whole-body survey with {sup 67}Ga scan are useful and important in the diagnosis of psoas abscesses and the detection of unexpected concomitant multiple infectious foci in clinically suspicious infectious disease patients. (orig.) With 4 figs., 2 tabs., 29 refs.

  7. Newly formed skeletal muscle fibers are prone to false positive immunostaining by rabbit antibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ditte C; Kliem, Anette; Schrøder, Henrik Daa

    2011-01-01

    Reports on muscle biology and regeneration often implicate immuno(cyto/histo)chemical protein characterization using rabbit polyclonal antibodies. In this study we demonstrate that newly formed myofibers are especially prone to false positive staining by rabbit antibodies and this unwanted staining...... is only recognized (1) by a negative muscle tissue control that does not harbor the protein to be examined (fx. from knockout mouse) or (2) by use of a nonsense rabbit antibody that has been prepared in the same way as the antibody of interest. However, many muscle immuno(cyto/histo)chemical studies only...... rely on controls that reveal non-specific binding by the secondary antibody and neglect that the primary rabbit antibody itself may cause false positive staining of the muscle. We suggest that reliable immuno-based protein detection in newly formed muscle fibers at least requires a nonsense rabbit...

  8. Intra-articular psoas tendon release alters fluid flow during hip arthroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanypsiak, Bryan T; Stoll, Marc A; Gerhardt, Michael B; DeLong, Jeffrey M

    2012-01-01

    While not proven definitively, the hypothesis that intra-articular psoas tendon release allows fluid to track into the retroperitoneal space has been widely accepted. This study attempts to identify the path through which fluid enters the pelvis and retroperitoneal space. Six hemi-pelvis human cadaveric specimens were utilized for this study. 3 specimens underwent a capsulotomy and psoas tendon release, while 3 had only a capsulotomy. Arthroscopy fluid was combined with Barium and Methylene blue, and fluid was run at 50 mmHg for 2 hours. A gross dissection was performed at the end of the arthroscopy and the path of fluid flow into the pelvis and throughout the thigh was identified. All 6 specimens showed extravasation of fluid into the pelvis at the 5 minute mark. Specimens with a psoas tendon release showed an altered pattern of fluid flow. In all three of these specimens, the psoas muscle belly was bright blue, along with the remaining tendon. Two of the 3 specimens showed tracking of fluid along the vasculature in both directions. The volume of fluid tracking into the pelvis was increased following a psoas release. Arthroscopy fluid rapidly enters the pelvis following the initiation of hip arthroscopy, regardless of the status of the psoas tendon. Release of the psoas tendon allows fluid to diffuse into the psoas muscle and anterior medial thigh, tracking both proximally and distally along the neurovascular structures, and the volume of fluid tracking into the pelvis is increased following a psoas release.

  9. Correlations between the cross-sectional area and moment arm length of the erector spinae muscle and the thickness of the psoas major muscle as measured by MRI and the body mass index in lumbar degenerative kyphosis patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hyun; Lee, Sang Jin; Lee, Sang Ho [Busan Wooridul Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-03-15

    Lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) is a subgroup of the flatback syndrome, which is a condition caused by spinal degeneration. LDK is reported to be the most frequent cause of lumbar spine deformity in the farming districts of the 'oriental' countries. We investigated the relationship between the cross-sectional area (CSA) and the moment arm length (MAL) of the erector spinae muscle and the thickness of the psoas major muscle (PT) and the body mass index (BMI) by performing statistical analysis, and we tried to show the crucial role of these variables for diagnosing LDK. From July 2004 to April 2005, we retrospectively reviewed 17 LDK patients who had undergone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) with posterior stabilization. We measured both the CSA and MAL on the transverse cross-sectional MR image of the trunk at the fourth to fifth vertebrae (L4/5). The MAL was defined as the anterior-posterior distance between the center of the erector spinae muscle and that of the vertebral body. A comparative study was undertaken between the LDK group and the matched (according to age and gender) control group with regard to the CSA, MAL, PT and BMI. The 17 LDK patients were all females [age: 62.5 {+-} 4.93 years, height: 157 {+-} 6.19 cm, weight: 55.59 {+-} 4.7 kg, and BMI: 22.58 {+-} 2.08 kg/m{sup 2}]. The control group patients were all female [age: 63.6 {+-} 2.27 years, height: 156 {+-} 5.05 cm, weight: 59.65 {+-} 7.39 kg and BMI: 24.38 {+-} 2.94 kg/m{sup 2}]. Spearman's rho indicated a positive association between the CSA and BMI (rho = 0.49, {rho} = 0.046), between the MAL and BMI (rho = 0.808, {rho} = 0.000) and between the CSA and PT (rho = 0.566, {rho} = 0.018) in the LDK patients. In terms of the CSA versus MAL, there was a positive association in both groups (rho = 0.67, {rho} = 0.000, MAL = 0.023CSA + 5.454 in the LDK group; rho = 0.564, {rho} 0.018, MAL = 0.02CSA + 5.832 in the control group with using linear regression analysis). Independent

  10. Experimental biomechanics study on the relationship of psoas major muscles and lumbar spine movements%腰大肌与腰椎运动力学关系动物实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦以宗; 田新宇; 王慧敏; 谢冰

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨恒河猴(活体)腰大肌对腰椎运动生物力学的关系.方法 取恒河猴4只,动态X线片观察分别在正常状态下、切断一侧腰大肌、切断双侧腰大肌;分别做正、侧位数码照像.在正位DR照片上,进行椎体旋转级评价;在侧位DR照片上,腰曲运用应用数学几何学弓形面积计算法,计算出腰曲的弓形面积.利用统计学软件,分析恒河猴在正常状态下、一侧腰大肌切断后和两侧腰大肌切断后分别于坐位、站立位、跨步的椎体旋转角度和腰曲弓形面积.结果 在坐位、站立位、跨步3种不同的状态下,相比于正常腰大肌正常状态,一侧腰大肌切断后,椎体旋转级数和腰曲的弓形面积测量都有显著性差异;而在双侧腰大肌切断后,椎体旋转级数和腰曲的弓形面积测量变化,相比于术前,并无显著差异.结论 腰大肌是腰椎运动和维持腰曲的主要肌肉,在生物力学上,是维持腰椎力学平衡的前方二维动力.%Objective To explore the function ofpsoas major muscles on lumbar spine movements in biomechanics of Rhesus. Methods Four Rhesus were studied in our study. The dynamic AP and lateral digital X-ray views of Rhesus were conducted in three different status, including normal status, one side psoas major resection and bilateral psoas major resection. Vertebral rotations of the spine were evaluated in AP views.The segment areas of lumbar curvatures were calculated in lateral views in applied mathematics geometry. The parameters of vertebral rotational degrees and segment areas of lumbar curvatures were analyzed in three different positions: sitting, standing and stepping in statistics. Results For measurements of both the vertebral rotational degrees and segment areas of lumbar curvatures, there were significant differences between normal status and one side psoas major resection, but there were no significant differences between normal status and bilateral psoas major

  11. Iatrogenic psoas abscess. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernstein, Inge Thomsen; Hansen, B J

    1991-01-01

    A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago.......A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago....

  12. Intermittent stretch training of rabbit plantarflexor muscles increases soleus mass and serial sarcomere number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jaeger, Dominique; Joumaa, Venus; Herzog, Walter

    2015-06-15

    In humans, enhanced joint range of motion is observed after static stretch training and results either from an increased stretch tolerance or from a change in the biomechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit. We investigated the effects of an intermittent stretch training on muscle biomechanical and structural variables. The left plantarflexors muscles of seven anesthetized New Zealand (NZ) White rabbits were passively and statically stretched three times a week for 4 wk, while the corresponding right muscles were used as nonstretched contralateral controls. Before and after the stretching protocol, passive torque produced by the left plantarflexor muscles as a function of the ankle angle was measured. The left and right plantarflexor muscles were harvested from dead rabbits and used to quantify possible changes in muscle structure. Significant mass and serial sarcomere number increases were observed in the stretched soleus but not in the plantaris or medial gastrocnemius. This difference in adaptation between the plantarflexors is thought to be the result of their different fiber type composition and pennation angles. Neither titin isoform nor collagen amount was modified in the stretched compared with the control soleus muscle. Passive torque developed during ankle dorsiflexion was not modified after the stretch training on average, but was decreased in five of the seven experimental rabbits. Thus, an intermittent stretching program similar to those used in humans can produce a change in the muscle structure of NZ White rabbits, which was associated in some rabbits with a change in the biomechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit.

  13. Tension-independent heat in rabbit papillary muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpert, N R; Blanchard, E M; Mulieri, L A

    1989-07-01

    1. Heat and force were measured from isometrically contracting (0.2 Hz) rabbit papillary muscles at 21 degrees C during a single contraction-relaxation cycle using antimony-bismuth thermopiles and a capacitance force transducer. 2. Tension-independent heat (TIH) associated with excitation-contraction coupling was isolated from the initial heat by eliminating tension and tension-dependent heat with a Krebs-Ringer solution containing 2,3-butanedione monoxime (BDM) and mannitol. 3. A strategy for testing the validity of this new method for measuring TIH in heart muscle is described and the test confirms that the BDM-hypertonic solution partitioning method properly estimates the magnitude of the TIH component of initial heat. 4. TIH at the time of complete mechanical relaxation is 1.00 +/- 0.17 mJ/g wet weight and the data suggest that calcium cycling is complete by this time. Conversion of TIH to calcium cycled, assuming that 87% of TIH is due to calcium pumping by the sarcoplasmic reticulum, indicates that approximately 52 nmol calcium/g wet weight are required to support a single cycle of mechanical activity (0.2 Hz, 21 degrees C). 5. The length and frequency dependence of excitation-contraction coupling were demonstrated. TIH is reduced by shortening muscle length and by increasing the interval between stimuli. These steady-state data suggest that only a portion (approximately 40%) of TIH is directly related to activation of the contractile apparatus. 6. TIH in the first twitch following a 45 min rest period is significantly reduced by approximately 30%. 7. With subsequent twitches in the positive treppe following the rest period, TIH does not increase as steeply as expected suggesting that tension rise in twitches 1-10 may be modulated by competitive binding of calcium rather than increased calcium delivery.

  14. A REVIEW OF PSOAS ABSCESS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The triad of presentation; fever, loin pain ... The main stay of treatment is medical and or surgical drainage of abscess and .... parent. Clinically, psoas' abscess must be differentiated from renal abscess, ruptured .... Child Health 1995; 31:.

  15. Differences between glycogen biogenesis in fast- and slow-twitch rabbit muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cussó, R; Lerner, L R; Cadefau, J;

    2003-01-01

    Skeletal muscle glycogen is an essential energy substrate for muscular activity. The biochemical properties of the enzymes involved in de novo synthesis of glycogen were analysed in two types of rabbit skeletal muscle fiber (fast- and slow-twitch). Glycogen concentration was higher in fast...

  16. Fibre type regionalisation in lower hindlimb muscles of rabbit, rat and mouse : a comparative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, LC; Kernell, D

    2001-01-01

    The topographical distribution of different fibre types in muscles of the lower hindlimb in rabbits and mice was quantitatively determined. The results were compared to those previously obtained, using the same new quantification methods, in homologous muscles of the rat. Type I fibres ('slow') were

  17. Structural features of cross-bridges in isometrically contracting skeletal muscle.

    OpenAIRE

    Kraft, Theresia; Mattei, Thomas; Radocaj, Ante; Piep, Birgit; Nocula, Christoph; Furch, Markus; Brenner, Bernhard

    2002-01-01

    Two-dimensional x-ray diffraction was used to investigate structural features of cross-bridges that generate force in isometrically contracting skeletal muscle. Diffraction patterns were recorded from arrays of single, chemically skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers during isometric force generation, under relaxation, and in rigor. In isometric contraction, a rather prominent intensification of the actin layer lines at 5.9 and 5.1 nm and of the first actin layer line at 37 nm was found compared...

  18. Beta adrenoreceptors in the rabbit bladder detrusor muscle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, G.F.; Marks, B.H.

    1984-02-01

    This study examines the beta adrenergic receptors of the rabbit detrusor smooth muscle, employing (/sup 125/I)iodocyanopindolol (ICYP) as a ligand for the binding of beta adrenergic receptors. Saturation binding experiments on the isolated membrane fraction yielded a KD for ICYP of 14.7 pM and a maximum binding of 147.6 fmol/mg of protein. Displacement of labeled ICYP by a series of beta adrenergic agents yielded the following KD values for the combined high and low affinity binding sites: I-propranolol, 0.76 nM; ICI 118,551, 1.7 nM; zinterol, 38.0 nM; metoprolol, 3.5 microM; and practolol, 61.4 microM. When these displacement experimental results were compared to KD values from other reported binding studies with ICYP for beta adrenoreceptors, both the order of potency and the KD values indicated primarily beta-2 adrenergic receptor subtypes. Computer program Scatfit analysis of the displacement curves indicated a single slope and affinity constant for all five beta adrenergic agents. Hofstee plots for zinterol, ICI 118,551 and metoprolol, however, were not linear and indicated that minor populations of beta-1 adrenoreceptors were also present as both high and low affinity binding sites could be defined. It is concluded that the primary receptor population is beta-2 and that this tissue is heterogenous with a small population of beta-1 adrenoreceptors representing approximately 13 to 23% of the total beta adrenoreceptor population.

  19. Effect of pulsed short wave diathermy on skeletal muscle injury in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, M; Baker, R D

    1987-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether short wave diathermy (SWD) would enhance healing of a skeletal muscle injury. Thirty-two rabbits were divided into the following four groups: Experimental Group 1 (n = 8), which was given SWD twice daily for 8 consecutive days; Control Group 1 (n = 8), which was followed for 8 days but not given treatment; Experimental Group 2 (n = 8), which was given SWD twice daily for 16 consecutive days; and Control Group 2 (n = 8), which was followed for 16 days but not given treatment. The muscle injury was induced by giving all 32 rabbits three local injections of a myotoxic drug into the right gastrocnemius muscle. After the 8 or 16 days, all muscles were removed, then embedded in paraffin or frozen, sectioned, stained with adenosine triphosphatase or hematoxylin and eosin and examined with a light microscope. No statistically significant differences in the degree of muscle healing were found between the animals in Experimental Group 1 and Control Group 1 and those in Experimental Group 2 and Control Group 2. A trend toward faster resolution of the muscle injury was observed among those rabbits in Experimental Group 2 as compared with those rabbits in Control Group 2. Further study is required to determine whether SWD can be more effective for enhancing recovery from skeletal muscle injury.

  20. Rabbit muscle creatine phosphokinase. CDNA cloning, primary structure and detection of human homologues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putney, S; Herlihy, W; Royal, N; Pang, H; Aposhian, H V; Pickering, L; Belagaje, R; Biemann, K; Page, D; Kuby, S

    1984-12-10

    A cDNA library was constructed from rabbit muscle poly(A) RNA. Limited amino acid sequence information was obtained on rabbit muscle creatine phosphokinase and this was the basis for design and synthesis of two oligonucleotide probes complementary to a creatine kinase cDNA sequence which encodes a pentapeptide. Colony hybridizations with the probes and subsequent steps led to isolation of two clones, whose cDNA segments partially overlap and which together encode the entire protein. The primary structure was established from the sequence of two cDNA clones and from independently determined sequences of scattered portions of the polypeptide. The reactive cysteine has been located to position 282 within the 380 amino acid polypeptide. The rabbit cDNA hybridizes to digests of human chromosomal DNA. This reveals a restriction fragment length polymorphism associated with the human homologue(s) which hybridizes to the rabbit cDNA.

  1. A proposed novel function of the psoas minor revealed through cadaver dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Donald A; Garceau, Luke R

    2015-03-01

    There is sparse information about the anatomy and function of the psoas minor, specifically the extent and frequency to which the muscle attaches into the iliac fascia that drapes over the iliopsoas. This information may help clarify the function of the psoas minor, especially regarding the possibility of controlling the position and mechanical stability of the underlying iliopsoas. This descriptive, semiquantitative cadaveric study sought to clarify the gross anatomic detail of the psoas minor, particularly the muscle's distal attachments. Thirty-two embalmed cadaver hips were examined. Hips that presented with a psoas minor underwent further anatomic measurements. The psoas minor was present in 65.6% of the 32 hips. All of the psoas minor tendons attached firmly into iliac fascia, while 90.5% also had a firm bony attachment to the pelvis. On average, the muscle belly occupied the proximal 37.5 ± 6.0% of the entire musculotendinous unit, while the muscle belly's average anatomical cross-sectional area was 52.5 ± 34.3 mm(2) . The psoas minor's firm and consistent distal tendinous attachment into the iliac fascia may allow this muscle to partially control the position and mechanical stability of the underlying iliopsoas as it crosses the femoral head and adjacent regions. This hypothesized function may be clinically related to inflammation and pathology involving the iliopsoas tendon and adjacent tissues in the anterior region of the hip. Further study is now warranted to determine the clinical relevancy and biomechanical validity of this proposed function of the psoas minor. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Piomiositis primaria del músculo psoas en clima templado: Revisión a propósito de dos casos en niños seguidos a largo plazo Primary pyomyositis of the psoas muscles in a temperate climate: Review of two cases in children followed up over the long term

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. García-Mata

    2006-12-01

    algoritmo como guía en su abordaje clínico-terapéutico.Background. We review two cases of primary pyomyositis of the psoas in children that occurred in Navarre, their management and long-term evolution. Primary pyomyositis of the psoas muscle is a rare infection in a temperate climate. Its diagnosis is difficult due to the similarity of the symptoms with several infectious processes, mainly septic arthritis of the hip in children and adolescents. The rarity of the present cases is due to several facts: occurrence in children, in a temperate climate (Navarre, immunocompetent patients and without subjacent pathology, besides their monofocal situation that is contrary to the more frequent multifocal presentation. These factors, besides the poor specificity of the symptoms, constitute a diagnostic challenge. Methods. We present two patients (10 and 12 years old with fever and a painful hip. Neither of the patients had predisposing factors. Both of them showed hip flexion with limited range of motion in rotations. Confirmation of the diagnosis was made by ultrasound, CT-scan and/or MRI. Needle aspiration of the hip, under general anaesthesia, confirmed the reactive origin of the joint effusion in both patients. In neither of the two cases was there a significant diagnostic delay. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in the purulent material in one case and in the hemoculture in the other. Both patients have been checked in a long-term revision (follow-up of 7 and 10 years. Results. They were successfully treated by isolated antibiotherapy in one case and surgical drainage in the other. Healing was achieved in each case without relapse or sequels in a long-term revision. We carry out a global revision of this rare infection, emphasising the difficulty of its clinical diagnosis and the different treatment modalities and the proper indication. We suggest an algorithm as a clinical guide for its clinical-therapeutic management.

  3. [Retrospective evaluation of 15 cases with psoas abscesses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turunç, Tahsin; Turunç, Tuba; Demiroğlu, Y Ziya; Colakoğlu, Sule

    2009-01-01

    Psoas abscesses are suppurative collections within the fascia surrounding the psoas and iliacus muscles. In this retrospective study it was aimed to evaluate the demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory findings and treatment outcomes of 15 psoas abscess cases admitted to Baskent University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey during June 2003-January 2008 period. The mean age of the patients was 55.8 years (range 18 to 70 years) with a female to male ratio of 5/10. Thirteen of the cases (86.5%) were admitted with the complaints of fever and back pain. Thirteen of the cases were diagnosed by abdominal computerized tomography while the other two by abdominal ultrasonography. One of the 15 patients was considered as primary psoas abscess, while the remaining 14 as secondary psoas abscess. The most common accompanying disease was diabetes mellitus (66.6%). Fourteen patients with secondary psoas abscess had vertebral osteomyelitis which was due to tuberculosis in five cases, to urinary tract infection in five cases, to pneumoniae in two cases, to surgical infection in one case and to brucellosis in one case. The cultivation of the abscess material from the 14 secondary psoas abscess cases revealed growth of bacteria in 11 of them (5 Mycobacterium tuberculosis, 1 Escherichia coli, 1 methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, 1 methicilin-resistant S. aureus, 1 Acinetobacter baumannii, 1 Brucella melitensis, 1 Serratia marcescens). The biochemical parameters of the cases (mean leukocyte counts: 14.500 cell/mm3; mean erythrocyte sedimentation rates: 78 mm/hour; mean C-reactive protein levels: 108 mg/dl) were also high. Thirteen patients underwent percutaneous drainage and received appropriate antibiotic treatment and the other two patients were treated with open surgical debridement. The duration of antimicrobial treatment was one year for M. tuberculosis cases and about 4-6 weeks in the others. One of the cases died due to complicating meningitis and sepsis. It is

  4. Sympathetic modulation of muscle spindle afferent sensitivity to stretch in rabbit jaw closing muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roatta, S; Windhorst, U; Ljubisavljevic, M; Johansson, H; Passatore, M

    2002-04-01

    Previous reports showed that sympathetic stimulation affects the activity of muscle spindle afferents (MSAs). The aim of the present work is to study the characteristics of sympathetic modulation of MSA response to stretch: (i) on the dynamic and static components of the stretch response, and (ii) on group Ia and II MSAs to evaluate potentially different effects. In anaesthetised rabbits, the peripheral stump of the cervical sympathetic nerve (CSN) was stimulated at 10 impulses s(-1) for 45-90 s. The responses of single MSAs to trapezoidal displacement of the mandible were recorded from the mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus. The following characteristic parameters were determined from averaged trapezoidal responses: initial frequency (IF), peak frequency at the end of the ramp (PF), and static index (SI). From these, other parameters were derived: dynamic index (DI = PF - SI), dynamic difference (DD = PF - IF) and static difference (SD = SI - IF). The effects of CSN stimulation were also evaluated during changes in the state of intrafusal muscle fibre contraction induced by succinylcholine and curare. In a population of 124 MSAs, 106 units (85.4 %) were affected by sympathetic stimulation. In general, while changes in resting discharge varied among different units (Ia vs. II) and experimental conditions (curarised vs. non-curarised), ranging from enhancement to strong depression of firing, the amplitude of the response to muscle stretches consistently decreased. This was confirmed and detailed in a quantitative analysis performed on 49 muscle spindle afferents. In both the non-curarised (23 units) and curarised (26 units) condition, stimulation of the CSN reduced the response amplitude in terms of DD and SD, but hardly affected DI. The effects were equally present in both Ia and II units; they were shown to be independent from gamma drive and intrafusal muscle tone and not secondary to muscle hypoxia. Sympathetic action on the resting discharge (IF) was less

  5. A description of the spread of injectate after psoas compartment block using magnetic resonance imaging.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mannion, Stephen

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides for excellent visualization of spread of solution after peripheral nerve block. The aim of this observational study was to utilize MRI to describe the distribution of injectate (gadopentetate dimeglumine) administered for continuous psoas compartment block (PCB) performed by use of two approaches (Capdevila and modified Winnie) and to describe the spread of injectate to the lumbar plexus. METHODS: Four volunteers were enrolled in a prospective crossover study. Each volunteer underwent PCB with catheter placement performed by use of Capdevila\\'s approach followed 1 week later by PCB, with catheter placement performed by use of a modified Winnie approach. MRI of injectate distribution was performed after each PCB. RESULTS: The catheter was unable to be inserted in 1 volunteer undergoing Winnie\\'s approach; therefore, 7 sets of MR images were analyzed. In 6 of 7 cases (4 Capdevila and 2 Winnie) spread was primarily within the psoas muscle. Contrast surrounded the L2-3 lumbar branch of the femoral nerve at L4 and cleaved the fascial plane within the psoas muscle and spread cephalad to reach the lumbar nerve roots. In 1 case (Winnie approach) contrast spread between the psoas and quadratus lumborum muscles. Contrast surrounded the femoral and obturator nerves where they lie outside the psoas muscle at L5. CONCLUSION: The most common pattern of injectate spread seen on MRI with both approaches to PCB was spread within the body of the psoas muscle around the lumbar branches (L2-4), with cephalad spread to the lumbar nerve roots. One catheter resulted in injectate between the psoas and quadratus lumborum muscles.

  6. The development of an experimental model of contaminated muscle injury in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eardley, Will G P; Martin, Kevin R; Taylor, Chris; Kirkman, Emrys; Clasper, Jon C; Watts, Sarah A

    2012-12-01

    Extent of tissue trauma and contamination determine outcome in extremity injury. In contrast to fracture, osteomyelitis, and closed muscle injury studies, there are limited small animal models of extremity muscle trauma and contamination. To address this we developed a model of contaminated muscle injury in rabbits. Twenty-eight anesthetized New Zealand White rabbits underwent open controlled injury of the flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU). Twenty-two animals had subsequent contamination of the injured muscle with Staphylococcus aureus. All animals were sacrificed at 48 hours and the level of muscle injury and contamination determined by quantitative histological and microbiological analysis. A 1-kg mass dropped 300 mm onto the mobilized FCU resulted in localized necrosis of the muscle belly. Delivery of a mean challenge of 3.71 × 10(6) cfu/100 µL S aureus by droplet spread onto the injured muscle produced a muscle contamination of 8.79 × 10(6) cfu/g at 48 hours. Ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes demonstrated clinically significant activation. All animals had normal body temperature and hematological parameters throughout and blood and urinalysis culture at autopsy were negative for organisms. This model allows reproducible muscle injury and contamination with the organism ubiquitous to extremity wound infection at a level sufficient to allow quantitative assessment of subsequent wound care interventions without incurring systemic involvement.

  7. Disseminated nocardiosis with psoas abscess in a patient with AIDS: first reported case Nocardiose disseminada com abscesso do psoas em paciente com AIDS: primeiro caso relatado

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    Marcelo Corti

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Psoas muscle abscess is an uncommon infection that have been diagnosed increasingly in the last years. We present a case of a patient with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection who developed a disseminated infection due to Nocardia asteroides sensu stricto type VI with psoas abscess. To our knowledge no other cases of Nocardia psoas abscess in the setting of HIV infection have been reported in the literature.O abscesso do músculo psoas é uma infecção pouco comum que tem sido diagnosticada de maneira crescente nos últimos anos. Apresentamos um caso de paciente com infecção avançada pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV que desenvolveu uma infecção disseminada por Nocardia asteroides senso estrito tipo VI, com abscesso no psoas. Em nosso conhecimento, não foram relatados na literatura outros casos de abscesso do psoas por Nocardia, no contexto da infecção por HIV.

  8. GRADING OF RABBIT SKELETAL MUSCLE TRAUMA BY DIFFUSION TENSOR IMAGING AND TRACTOGRAPHY ON MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hui Zeng; Jun-hui Zheng; Jin-e Zhang; Yan-hui Liu; Shao-heng Tan; Guang-yi Wang; Chang-hong Liang

    2006-01-01

    Objective To distinguish the edema,injury,or rupture in the traumatic skeletal muscle fiber in vivo using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods The skeletal muscle trauma models were made in 4 rabbits (eight hindlimbs) by iron discus (weight 1.0 kg,diameter 6 cm) falling down vertically from 45 cm height to rabbits' thighs.Conventional sequences and two-dimensional (2D) diffusion-weighted (DW) spin-echo (SE) echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence with fat suppression (b=600 s/mm2) were performed on 1.5T MRI scanner.The grading of edema,injury,and fiber rupture in the damaged muscle were made according to their histopathological views,which was consistent with the images.The mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and fractional anisotropy (FA) values were measured from the region of interests (ROIs) of all groups on 2D DW images used for tractography.Analysis of variance test was performed to analyze all data.Results ADC values of the areas in normal muscle,edema muscle,injury muscle,and ruptured muscle were (6.12±1.34)×10-3,(6.38±1.30)×10-3,(8.06±0.97)×10-3,and (9.57±0.93)×10-3 mm2/s,respectively.There was significant difference among groups (P<0.001),but no difference between edema muscle and normal muscle group (P>0.05).The FA values of normal muscle,edema muscle,injury muscle,and ruptured muscle were 0.42±0.12,0.36±0.12,0.26±0.09,0.12±0.08,respectively,with a significant difference among groups (P<0.001).In the edema muscle,the tracking cross-fiber could be seen but it decreased slightly.In the injury muscle,the tracking fiber decreased markedly.In the ruptured muscle,the transverse-orientation tracking fiber vanished,yet some interrupted longitudinal-orientation tracking fiber could be found.Conclusion The edema,injury,and rupture of muscle fiber in rabbit damaged skeletal muscle can be verified according to the ADC and the FA on DTI and tractography.

  9. Botulinum neurotoxin type A in the masseter muscle: Effects on incisor eruption in rabbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarrete, Alfonso L.; Rafferty, Katherine L.; Liu, Zi Jun; Ye, Wenmin; Greenlee, Geoffrey M.; Herring, Susan W.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Botulinum neurotoxins are responsible for the paralytic food poisoning, botulism. Commercial formulations such as botulinum neurotoxin type A are increasingly used for various conditions, including cosmetic recontouring of the lower face by injection of the large masseter muscles. The paralysis of a major muscle of mastication lowers occlusal force and thus might affect tooth eruption. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of unilateral masseter muscle injection of botulinum neurotoxin type A on the rate of eruption of incisors in a rabbit model. We hypothesized that the teeth would overerupt in an underloaded environment. Methods Forty rabbits were injected with either botulinum neurotoxin type A or saline solution in 1 masseter muscle. Mastication and muscle force production were monitored, and incisor eruption rate was assessed by caliper measurement of grooved teeth. Results The injection of saline solution had no effect. The masseter muscle injected with botulinum neurotoxin type A showed a dramatic loss of force 3 weeks after injection despite apparently normal mastication. Incisor eruption rate was significantly decreased for the botulinum neurotoxin type A group, an effect attributed to decreased attrition. Conclusions This study has implications for orthodontics. Although findings from ever-growing rabbit incisors cannot be extrapolated to human teeth, it is clear that botulinum neurotoxin type A caused a decrease in bite force that could influence dental eruption. PMID:23561411

  10. Effects of the Rho-Kinase Inhibitor Y-27632 on Extraocular Muscle Surgery in Rabbits

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    Ji‐Sun Moon

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the effect of the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 on postoperative inflammation and adhesion following extraocular muscle surgery in rabbits. Methods. The superior rectus muscle reinsertion was performed on both eyes of 8 New Zealand white rabbits. After reinsertion, the rabbits received subconjunctival injections of the Rho-kinase inhibitor and saline on each eye. To assess acute and late inflammatory changes, Ki-67, CD11β+, and F4/80 were evaluated and the sites of muscle reattachment were evaluated for a postoperative adhesion score and histopathologically for collagen formation. Results. F4/80 antibody expression was significantly different in the Rho-kinase inhibitor-injected group at both postoperative day 3 and week 4 (p=0.038, 0.031. However, Ki-67 and CD11β+ were not different the between two groups. The difference in the SRM/conjunctiva adhesion score between the two groups was also significant (p=0.034. Conclusion. Intraoperative subconjunctival injection of the Rho-kinase inhibitor may be effective for adjunctive management of inflammation and fibrosis in rabbit eyes following extraocular muscle surgery.

  11. Expression profiles of myostatin, myogenin, and Myosin heavy chain in skeletal muscles of two rabbit breeds differing in growth rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuang, Liangde; Xie, Xiaohong; Zhang, Xiangyu; Lei, Min; Li, Congyan; Ren, Yongjun; Zheng, Jie; Guo, Zhiqiang; Zhang, Cuixia; Yang, Chao; Zheng, Yucai

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare mRNA levels of myostatin (MSTN), myogenin (MyoG), and fiber type compositions in terms of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) in skeletal muscles of two rabbit breeds with different body sizes and growth rates. Longissimus dorsi and biceps femoris muscles of 16 Californian rabbits (CW) and 16 Germany great line of ZIKA rabbits (GZ) were collected at the ages of 35d and 84d (slaughter age). The results showed that the live weights of GZ rabbits of 35d and 84d old were approximately 36% and 26% greater than those of CW rabbits, respectively. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that at the age of 84d GZ rabbits contained significantly lower MSTN mRNA level and higher MyoG mRNA level in both longissimus dorsi and biceps femoris muscles than CW rabbits, and mRNA levels of MSTN and MyoG exhibited opposite changes from the age of 35d to 84d, suggesting that GZ rabbits were subjected to less growth inhibition from MSTN at slaughter age, which occurred most possibly in skeletal muscles. Four types of fiber were identified by real-time PCR in rabbit muscles, with MyHC-1 and MyHC-2D, MyHC-2B were the major types in biceps femoris and longissimus dorsi muscles, respectively. At the age of 84d, GZ rabbits contained greater proportion of MyHC-1 and decreased proportion of MyHC-2D and decreased lactate dehydrogenase activity in biceps femoris than CW rabbits, and the results were exactly opposite in longissimus dorsi, suggesting that GZ rabbits show higher oxidative capacity in biceps femoris muscle than CW rabbits. In conclusion, the trends of mRNA levels of MSTN and fiber types in GZ rabbits' skeletal muscles might be consistent with the putative fast growth characteristic of GZ rabbits compared to CW rabbits.

  12. Retroperitoneoscopic drainage of bilateral psoas abscesses under intraoperative laparoscopic ultrasound guidance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodama, Koichi; Takase, Yasukazu; Motoi, Isamu; Mizuno, Hideki; Goshima, Kenichi; Sawaguchi, Takeshi

    2014-05-01

    Despite improved diagnostic modalities for psoas abscesses, the optimum management strategy is not uniform. A 67-year-old man presented with bilateral psoas abscesses secondary to L1-L2 pyogenic discitis. On contrast-enhanced CT, the largest of these abscesses measured 13 × 14 × 33 mm on the right. The patient developed sepsis caused by Klebsiella pneumonia. There were no signs of improvement after 3 weeks of systematic antibiotic administration. We performed surgical drainage of bilateral psoas abscesses by retroperitoneoscopy. Intraoperative laparoscopic ultrasound was useful to determine abscess location in the muscles prior to drainage and confirm no residual abscesses after drainage. The patient was afebrile 3 days later, and his clinical symptoms resolved. Retroperitoneoscopic drainage may represent a feasible minimally invasive therapeutic option for psoas abscess, and intraoperative laparoscopic ultrasound has the potential to increase the safety and efficacy of this surgical procedure.

  13. Aromatase expression is linked to estrogenic sensitivity of periurethral muscles in female rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de los Ángeles Carrasco-Ruiz, María; García-Villamar, Verónica; López-García, Kenia; Sánchez-García, Octavio; Pacheco, Pablo; Cuevas, Estela; Martínez-Gómez, Margarita; Castelán, Francisco

    2015-06-01

    Beyond its role in the conversion of androgens to estrogens, the expression of aromatase could influence on the estrogenic signalling in targeted tissues. Considering the well-defined biochemical and physiological differences between the pubococcygeus (Pcm) and bulbospongiosus (Bsm) muscles in female rabbits, it is presently hypothesized that the aromatase expression is differentially linked to the estrogen sensitivity of each muscle. To this end, serum estradiol levels and the aromatase expression, presence of ERα and ERβ and morphometry were evaluated in the Pcm and Bsm of female rabbits allocated in control, ovariectomized (OVX) and OVX treated with estradiol benzoate (OVX + EB) groups. Aromatase expression was high in the Pcm. Independently to serum estradiol, ovariectomy increased aromatase expression in the Pcm while decreased it in the Bsm. The EB treatment avoided the effect of ovariectomy only in the Pcm. The number of immunoreactive nuclei anti-ERα and anti-ERβ was high in the Pcm of OVX and OVX + EB rabbits, while those in the Bsm remained unchanged. The number of peripheral nuclei per fibre and the cross-sectional area-to-myonucleus ratio were modified only in the Pcm. Our findings support aromatase expression in the Pcm, and Bsm of rabbits is differentially linked to estrogenic sensitivity of each muscle.

  14. Differential effects of thioridazine enantiomers on action potential duration in rabbit papillary muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, A. S.; Pennisi, C. P.; Sevcencu, C.;

    2015-01-01

    with (+)-thioridazine. In this study we for the first time investigate the cardiotoxicity of the isolated thioridazine enantiomers and show their effects on ventricular repolarization. The effects of (+)-thioridazine, (-)-thioridazine, and racemate on the rabbit ventricular action potential duration (APD) were...... investigated in a randomized controlled blinded experiment. Action potentials were measured in papillary muscles isolated from 21 female rabbits, and the drug effect on 90% APD in comparison with control (DeltaDelta-APD90) was evaluated. Increasing concentrations of (+)-thioridazine and the racemate caused...

  15. Etiological factors of psoas abscesses

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    Mehmet Nuri Bodakçi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Psoas abscess (PA is a rare infection disease, which is difficult to diagnose. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate etiological factors and treatment results of patients with PA. Methods: Files of 20 patients who were diagnosed as PA between December 2006 and January 2013, were retrospectively analyzed. Patient’s whose data were entirely reached and diagnosed by Ultrasonography and/or Computed Tomography as an exact PA were included to the study. Results: The mean age of the 20 patients was 48.8 (range 17-82 year, and 6 of them were female and remaining were male. Psoas abscess were on the right side in 12 patients (60%, on the left side in seven patients (35%, and bilateral in one (5%. According to data records four patients had Diabetes Mellitus (20%, two had Hypertension (10%, one had cerebrovascular disease (5%, one had tuberculosis (5%, one had hyperthyroidism (5%, one had mental retardation (5%, and one had paraplegia (5%. Six case (30% were diagnosed as a primary psoas abscess (pPA, sPA and remaining (n=14, %70 were diagnosed as secondary. Percutaneous drainage was performed to 13 patients (65% and exploration was performed to three patients (15% as a treatment modality. Remaining four patients (20% were followed by medical treatment. Conclusion: Psoas abscess is rare and have variable and non-specific clinical characteristic, which may lead to difficulty in diagnosis. In developed and developing countries, it has been reported that the most common causes of sPA are Pott's disease, and Crohn's disease, also it should be taken into account that open surgery and urinary tract stone disease can receive a significant portion of the etiological factors. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (1: 59-63

  16. Effects of Growth on Muscle, Tendon, and Aponeurosis Tissues in Rabbit Shank Musculature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böl, Markus; Leichsenring, Kay; Siebert, Tobias

    2016-12-20

    There exist several studies using morphological analyses of skeletal muscles to obtain a better understanding of muscle structure. The structural information obtained are primarily determined from single muscle components using individual animals of discrete ages. Further, little is known about changing dimensions of the aponeurosis, which is an important load-transferring interface in muscle mechanics. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine how the muscle, tendon, and particularly the aponeurosis geometry of the rabbit shank musculature (M. soleus, M. extensor digitorum longus, and M. plantaris) change during growth. In doing so, morphological studies on muscles of eighty-nine female rabbits aged between 18 and 108 days were conducted. We found an almost linear increase over time in all of the geometrical parameters observed. The aponeurosis of the muscles exhibited lower growth rates in width than in length. The distal and proximal aponeurosis areas were nearly identical. The ratio of aponeurosis area to the physiological cross-sectional area was 2.54, 2.54, and 1.88 for M. soleus, M. extensor digitorum longus, and M. plantaris, respectively. M. extensor digitorum longus and M. soleus exhibited a nearly similar tendon-muscle fascicle length ratio during growth, increasing from 2.86 to 5.30 and 3.48 to 6.16, respectively. Interestingly, the tendon-muscle fascicle length ratio of the M. plantaris started initially with a much higher value (∼8) and increased to ∼18. Taken together, these results provide insight into the structure of the muscle-tendon complex and thus, a general understanding of muscle growth. Anat Rec, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Proteinase K processing of rabbit muscle creatine kinase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leydier, C; Andersen, Jens S.; Couthon, F

    1997-01-01

    Proteinase K cleaves selectively both cytosolic and mitochondrial isoforms of creatine kinase leading to the appearance of two fragments, a large N-terminal one (K1) and a small C-terminal peptide (K2) which remain associated together. The loss of enzymatic activity correlates with the extent...... of monomer cleavage. N-terminal sequencing of the K2 fragments from rabbit cytosolic and pig mitochondrial creatine kinase shows that these peptides begin with A328 and A324, respectively. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry demonstrates that K2 peptide is composed of 53 residues (A328-K380). However...

  18. Isokinetic eccentric exercise can induce skeletal muscle injury within the physiologic excursion of muscle-tendon unit: a rabbit model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Pei-Yu

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and Purpose Intensive eccentric exercise can cause muscle damage. We simulated an animal model of isokinetic eccentric exercise by repetitively stretching stimulated triceps surae muscle-tendon units to determine if such exercise affects the mechanical properties of the unit within its physiologic excursion. Methods Biomechanical parameters of the muscle-tendon unit were monitored during isokinetic eccentric loading in 12 rabbits. In each animal, one limb (control group was stretched until failure. The other limb (study group was first subjected to isokinetic and eccentric cyclic loading at the rate of 10.0 cm/min to 112% (group I or 120% (group II of its initial length for 1 hour and then stretched to failure. Load-deformation curves and biomechanical parameters were compared between the study and control groups. Results When the muscle-tendon unit received eccentric cyclic loading to 112%, changes in all biomechanical parameters – except for the slope of the load-deformation curve – were not significant. In contrast, most parameters, including the slope of the load-deformation curve, peak load, deformation at peak load, total energy absorption, and energy absorption before peak load, significantly decreased after isokinetic eccentric cyclic loading to 120%. Conclusion We found a threshold for eccentrically induced injury of the rabbit triceps surae muscle at between 12% and 20% strain, which is within the physiologic excursion of the muscle-tendon units. Our study provided evidence that eccentric exercise may induce changes in the biomechanical properties of skeletal muscles, even within the physiologic range of the excursion of the muscle-tendon unit.

  19. Respiratory muscle activity during asphyxic apnoea and opisthotonus in the rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, P J; Macefield, G; Nail, B S

    1986-09-01

    The behaviour of submandibular, cervical, thoracic and abdominal respiratory muscles was examined in the pentobarbitone-urethane-anaesthetized rabbit during progressive asphyxia induced by rebreathing. During asphyxic hyperpnoea the external intercostal, interchondral and scalene inspiratory activities augmented until succeeded by the apnoeic period, in which all were inhibited with the diaphragm. Likewise, the genioglossus, sternohyoid and thyrohyoid muscles exhibited inspiratory augmentation during asphyxic hyperpnoea until the onset of apnoeic inhibition. However, late in the apnoea these muscles, together with the sternothyroid, sternomastoid and digastric muscles, generated an augmenting tonic discharge associated with an intense abdominal constriction, and with the extension of the limbs characteristic of opisthotonus. This intense tonic activity, which was never expressed by the diaphragm and thoracic inspiratory muscles, was immediately interrupted or terminated by the subsequent inspiratory efforts of gasping respiration, during which the abdominal muscles were inhibited but all the submandibular, cervical and thoracic inspiratory muscles greatly participated. The mylohyoid muscles presented augmenting expiratory activity during asphyxic hyperpnoea which declined during the apnoea. These muscles, however, did not exhibit the intense tonic discharge expressed by the expiratory abdominal and inspiratory submandibular and cervical muscles in late apnoea and were not active in gasping.

  20. Post-mortem changes in the concentration of lactic acid, phosphates and pH in the muscles of wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) according to the perimortal situation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mačanga, Ján; Koréneková, Beáta; Nagy, Jozef; Marcinčák, Slavomir; Popelka, Peter; Kožárová, Ivona; Korének, Marián

    2011-08-01

    In this study changes in the concentrations of lactate, phosphates, and pH values of water extracts of muscles of transported and hunted rabbits during ripening were determined. Concentrations of lactate were higher in the muscles of hunted rabbits. The highest differences were obtained 24h after kill/hunt. Concentrations of lactate in the muscles of hunted rabbits were decreasing, while in the muscles of transported rabbits we observed it to increase in the 7th day and then decrease in the 14th day. Higher concentrations of phosphates were found in the muscles of transported wild rabbits. During the ripening process concentrations of phosphates were decreasing in muscles of both groups. Muscles of hunted rabbits had lower pH values during the whole ripening process. Our research showed that concentrations of lactate, phosphates and pH value post-mortem depended on the perimortal situations.

  1. [Psoas haematoma due to irritation of the psoas tendon].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lausmann, C; Mathonia, P; Plötz, W

    2013-10-01

    Irritation of the tendon of the musculus iliopsoas after total hip replacement is a rare complication. In connection with the irritation of the iliopsoas tendon only one case report of a psoas haematoma due to anticoagulation has been published. We assume that these kinds of haematomas are more frequent than described. We report on 2 cases of haematoma caused by an iliopsoas impingement after total hip replacement. In one case a lesion of the femoral nerve was observed. Surgical treatment was composed of the revision of the acetabular component. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  2. Muscle study in experimental scoliosis in rabbits with costotransversectomy: evidence of ischemic process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werneck, Lineu C; Cousseau, Vlademir A; Graells, Xavier S; Werneck, Mauricio C; Scola, Rosana H

    2008-05-01

    Scoliosis involves the central nervous system diseases, ligaments, articulations and skeletal muscles, but there is no consensus on its pathogeny and progression of muscle abnormalities. In this study, we investigate the morphologic changes in the muscle of rabbit submitted to experimental scoliosis, with special emphasis on abnormalities related to blood supply. We studied 26 rabbits subjected to costotransversectomy by pulling out six transverse processes at thoracic level and six rabbits were used as controls. All the animals operated upon developed scoliosis showing an average angle of 29.1 degrees on the 60th day, with its apices located at T4 and T12 when they were subjected to paraspinal muscle biopsy on both sides. The muscle biopsies were subjected to histological stains and histochemical reactions, as well as to a morphometric study. On the concave side, the changes were not statistically significant regarding the control group. On the convex side conjunctive tissue proliferation, infiltration by adipose tissue, central nucleus excess, inflammatory reaction, segmental fibrosis, type 1 fiber hypertrophy, type 2 fiber hypertrophy and atrophic angular dark fibers in the unspecific esterase were statistically significant. The segmental fibrosis reached a circumscribed muscle segment, compatible with an ischemic phenomenon. The histological diagnoses on the concave side of the animals had unspecific alterations (atrophy and hypertrophy) in 13, myopathy in 3, denervation in 3 and normal in 7. The convex side diagnoses were myopathy in 14, denervation in 8, mixed in 3 and normal in 1. The procedure determined morphologic changes on the convex side indicating possible denervation or myopathy of ischemic origin.

  3. An experimental study of postoperative monitoring for innervated free muscle graft by the compound muscle action potential in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Soo-Heong; Shigetomi, Mitsunori; Doi, Kazuteru

    2012-07-01

    This experiment establishes the principles of using the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) as a possible postoperative monitor for free muscle grafts. Twenty rabbits were divided into two groups of ten each to investigate the effects of ischemia on CMAP of the muscles. Rectus femoris model was used and contralateral muscle was used as control. In all muscles total normothermic ischemia of 1.5 hours to mimic the time needed for transfer and inset of the flap was followed by occlusion of the artery in one group and vein in another group after 3 hours. During this ischemia of 1 hour, the CMAP amplitudes decreased and the latencies were prolonged. Latency prolongation was detected within 10 minutes of total, arterial, or venous ischemia. During the revascularization, both amplitude and latency improved, but not to the original values at the start. The results show that CMAP monitoring can provide easily detectable, objective indication of vascular compromise to a muscle graft within as early as 10 minutes of total, arterial, and venous ischemia. Changes in latency are more constant and predictable compared with amplitude changes. This method can provide continuous monitoring and can be used in buried muscle grafts.

  4. Impact of high pyruvate concentration on kinetics of rabbit muscle lactate dehydrogenase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggert, Matthew Warren; Byrne, Mark E; Chambers, Robert P

    2011-09-01

    In order to evaluate the effectiveness of L: -lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from rabbit muscle as a regenerative catalyst of the biologically important cofactor nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), the kinetics over broad concentrations were studied to develop a suitable kinetic rate expression. Despite robust literature describing the intricate complexations, the mammalian rabbit muscle LDH lacks a quantitative kinetic rate expression accounting for simultaneous inhibition parameters, specifically at high pyruvate concentrations. Product inhibition by L: -lactate was observed to reduce activity at concentrations greater than 25 mM, while expected substrate inhibition by pyruvate was significant above 4.3 mM concentration. The combined effect of ternary and binary complexes of pyruvate and the coenzymes led to experimental rates as little as a third of expected activity. The convenience of the statistical software package JMP allowed for effective determination of experimental kinetic constants and simplification to a suitable rate expression: [formula: see text] where the last three terms represent the inhibition complex terms for lactate, pyruvate, and pyruvate-NAD, respectively. The corresponding values of K (I-Lac), K (I-Pyr), and K (I-Pyr-NAD) for rabbit muscle LDH are 487.33 mM(-1) and 29.91 mM and 97.47 mM at 22 °C and pH 7.8.

  5. Pre- and postsynaptic effects of brimonidine on isolated rabbit iris dilator muscles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatsui S

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sonoko Tatsui,1 Hitoshi Ishikawa,2 Kimiya Shimizu,1 Kimiyo Mashimo1 1Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, 2Department of Orthoptics and Visual Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Japan Purpose: Brimonidine is an imidazoline compound used for the treatment of glaucoma, but having very little effect on pupil diameter. Like para-aminoclonidine, most imidazoline compounds interact with postsynaptic α-adrenoceptors and cause pupil dilatation. Therefore, as part of an investigation of the mechanism of action of brimonidine on pupil diameter, the present study was initiated to measure, in vitro, the relative potency of brimonidine on the pre- and postsynaptic α-adrenoceptors of rabbit iris dilator muscle. Methods: The contractile activity of brimonidine and its effect on twitch contraction evoked by electrical field stimulation were studied in isolated rabbit iris dilator muscles by isometric tension recording. Results: Brimonidine significantly inhibited the twitch contraction of the dilator muscle caused by field stimulation, without affecting the response to exogenously applied phenylephrine. Compared to phenylephrine, brimonidine caused only a small contractile response with % maximum contraction values of<10%. Conclusion: These results suggest that brimonidine may act on nerve endings to inhibit adrenergic neurotransmission with very little effect on postsynaptic α-adrenoceptors. This may indicate that brimonidine reduced the pupil diameter just a little, thus improving night vision. Keywords: brimonidine, rabbit iris dilator, electrical field stimulation, presynaptic α2-adrenoceptor, postsynaptic α1-adrenoceptor, imidazolin

  6. Relaxant effect of an estrone derivate EA303 on isolated colonic smooth muscle of rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Lan; FU Shou-ting; CHEN Guo-liang; ZHOU Qian-qian

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the relaxant effect mechanism of an estrone derivate EA303 on isolate colonic smooth muscle of rabbits. Methods Preparations of the isolated colonic smooth muscle of rabbits were prepared. The effect of EA303 on potassium channel, β receptor and prostaglandin were studied by observing the difference of relaxant dose-effect curves of EA303 on preparations pre-contracted with BaCl3, High K+ solution and Acetylcholine chloride (ACh) in the absence or presence incubation with glibenclamide (10 μM), propranolol (0.1 μM) and Indometacin (10 μM). Results The relaxant effect of EA303 on contraction caused by BaCl2 and High K+ solution were weakened by glibenclamide inhibiting the opening of K+ channel while the relaxant effect of that on contraction caused by ACh was strengthened, after adding propranolol inhabiting β receptor, EA303 attenuated the relaxant action on contraction caused by BaCl2. EA303 had some relaxant impact on contraction induced by High K+ solution after adding indometacin inhabiting the synthesis the prostaglandin (PG). Conclusions The relaxant effect of EA303 on isolated colonic smooth muscle of rabbits may be related with PG synthesis enzyme, potassium channel and β receptor.

  7. [Anterior snapping of the hip associated with the ilial psoas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouvalchouk, J F; Guyot, J; Boisaubert, B; Watin-Augouard, L; Paszkowski, A

    1998-02-01

    responsibility is confirmed, and if any psychological component can be ruled out, this should first be "medical" by stretching and local injections in the serous bursa. Surgery should consist in division of the psoas aponeurotic fascia, leaving the muscle fibers intact. The procedure should be performed under sensory epidural anesthetic, the only way of ensuring peroperatively that snapping has disappeared. Division of the psoas distal tendon at the lesser trochanter is not appropriate.

  8. Acute botulinum toxin-induced muscle weakness in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longino, David; Frank, Cy; Herzog, Walter

    2005-11-01

    We established botulinum type-A toxin (BTX-A) injections as a powerful tool to cause knee extensor weakness in New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits. The purpose of this study was to determine if BTX-A induced quadriceps weakness causes muscle dysfunction beyond that caused by anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) transection in the knee of NZW rabbits. Twenty animals were randomly divided into four study groups (n=5 each); uninjected controls, BTX-A injection alone, ACL transection alone, BTX-A injection and ACL transection combined. Isometric knee extensor torque, quadriceps muscle mass, and vertical and anterior-posterior ground reaction forces were measured four weeks post single (BTX-A and ACL), unilateral intervention. Muscle weakness, muscle atrophy and decrease in ground reaction forces were all significantly greater for the experimental compared to the untreated contralateral legs. BTX-A injection produced a greater deficit in quadriceps mass and knee extensor torque than ACL transection alone, but produced smaller deficits in the ground reaction forces. ACL transection superimposed on BTX-A injection did not change either knee extensor torque production or muscle mass. Together these results suggest that BTX-A injection causes great force and muscle mass deficits, and affects functional gait in a significant manner, but it has no measurable functional effect when superimposed on ACL transection, at least not in the acute protocol tested here. Hopefully, BTX-A injection for acutely enhancing the degree of muscle weakness in otherwise untreated animals, or in experimental models of osteoarthritis, will help in investigating the role of muscle weakness in joint degeneration.

  9. [Acute hip pseudoparalysis with calcific tendinitis at the insertion of the psoas muscle. Case report and first description of an atypical location].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajonz, D; Moche, M; Tiepold, S; von Salis-Soglio, G; Pretzsch, M

    2013-03-01

    Calcific tendinitis is a common and widespread disease. It is most common in the rotator cuff especially in the supraspinatus tendon. In some cases it may also involve other locations such as the hips, particularly at the trochanter minor. In particular calcific tendinitis of the iliopsoas muscle tendon has not yet been described. Because of uncharacteristic symptoms and ambiguous diagnostic imaging the differentiation between traumatic, infectious and neoplastic genesis is often difficult. Because of artefacts the typical calcareous spots near the insertions are often underdiagnosed in conventional diagnostic x-ray images. In this case report the differentiation from an infection of the hip was only possible with positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) imaging and negative microbiological testing of an aspirate. There are various therapy options, such as systemic and local medication, extracorporeal shock wave therapy up to surgery. However, calcific tendinitis is a self-limiting tendinopathy that can be treated with conservative therapy to complete remission in most cases.

  10. Capillary perfusion in the superior rectus muscle in rabbit with the use of radioactive /sup 133/Xe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moszczy' nska-Kowalska, A.

    1975-05-01

    A method of tissues clearance was adapted for investigation of the blood flow in external eye muscles in rabbit. It was established that it amounts to 0.1315 ml/min/g and this is about six times the amount of blood flow in skeletal muscles during rest. It was shown that adrenalin, pridazol, and sadamin reduce the blood flow. (auth)

  11. Studies on adenosine triphosphate transphosphorylases. Amino acid sequence of rabbit muscle ATP-AMP transphosphorylase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuby, S A; Palmieri, R H; Frischat, A; Fischer, A H; Wu, L H; Maland, L; Manship, M

    1984-05-22

    The total amino acid sequence of rabbit muscle adenylate kinase has been determined, and the single polypeptide chain of 194 amino acid residues starts with N-acetylmethionine and ends with leucyllysine at its carboxyl terminus, in agreement with the earlier data on its amino acid composition [Mahowald, T. A., Noltmann, E. A., & Kuby, S. A. (1962) J. Biol. Chem. 237, 1138-1145] and its carboxyl-terminus sequence [Olson, O. E., & Kuby, S. A. (1964) J. Biol. Chem. 239, 460-467]. Elucidation of the primary structure was based on tryptic and chymotryptic cleavages of the performic acid oxidized protein, cyanogen bromide cleavages of the 14C-labeled S-carboxymethylated protein at its five methionine sites (followed by maleylation of peptide fragments), and tryptic cleavages at its 12 arginine sites of the maleylated 14C-labeled S-carboxymethylated protein. Calf muscle myokinase, whose sequence has also been established, differs primarily from the rabbit muscle myokinase's sequence in the following: His-30 is replaced by Gln-30; Lys-56 is replaced by Met-56; Ala-84 and Asp 85 are replaced by Val-84 and Asn-85. A comparison of the four muscle-type adenylate kinases, whose covalent structures have now been determined, viz., rabbit, calf, porcine, and human [for the latter two sequences see Heil, A., Müller, G., Noda, L., Pinder, T., Schirmer, H., Schirmer, I., & Von Zabern, I. (1974) Eur. J. Biochem. 43, 131-144, and Von Zabern, I., Wittmann-Liebold, B., Untucht-Grau, R., Schirmer, R. H., & Pai, E. F. (1976) Eur. J. Biochem. 68, 281-290], demonstrates an extraordinary degree of homology.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  12. Hip labral cyst caused by psoas impingement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tey, Marc; Alvarez, Sonia; Ríos, Jose L

    2012-08-01

    Hip labral impingement can cause labral tears and secondary paralabral cyst formation. Femoroacetabular impingement is the main cause of labral impingement, but other conditions such as iliopsoas tendon impingement are described. There is no description of labral cyst resulting from psoas impingement treated arthroscopically in the literature. We present the case of a young sportsman with groin pain caused by psoas impingement with a labral tear and secondary paralabral cyst who was treated arthroscopically by cyst debridement, psoas tenotomy, and labral repair. Copyright © 2012 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. The Effects of Psoas Major and Lumbar Lordosis on Hip Flexion and Sprint Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copaver, Karine; Hertogh, Claude; Hue, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we analyzed the correlations between hip flexion power, sprint performance, lumbar lordosis (LL) and the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the psoas muscle (PM). Ten young adults performed two sprint tests and isokinetic tests to determine hip flexion power. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to determine LL and PM CSA. There were…

  14. The Effects of Psoas Major and Lumbar Lordosis on Hip Flexion and Sprint Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copaver, Karine; Hertogh, Claude; Hue, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we analyzed the correlations between hip flexion power, sprint performance, lumbar lordosis (LL) and the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the psoas muscle (PM). Ten young adults performed two sprint tests and isokinetic tests to determine hip flexion power. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to determine LL and PM CSA. There were…

  15. Effects of Electric Stimulations Applied During Absolute Refractory Period on Ventricular Muscle from Rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海柱; 崔长琮; 赵晓静; 周忠

    2002-01-01

    Objectives To investigatethe influences of electric signals applied during absoluterefractory period(ARP)on the contractility of isolatedpapilary muscle from rabbits.Methods Papillarymuscle was exercised from the right yentricle and waspaced at 1 Hz.Biphasic square wave current pulse wasdelivered during the absolute refractory period(calledCCM)in isolated,superfused,isometrically contractil-ity rabbit papillary muscle.The peak tension(PT)ofpapillary muscle,as well as maximum positive tensionchange(+dT/dtmax),were observed.ResultsCompared with the baseline,both PT and+dT/dtmaxsignificantly increased during CCM stimulation by18.2%and 21.4%respectively(P<0.05).In ad-dition,PT increased significantly with one or two beatsfollowing CCM signal application and reached a newsteady state level after a few beats.Once the CCM signals were turned off,the PT returned to the approximatelv baseline level(P<0.05).Moreover,the effectof CCM on PT was dose-response to voltage.Theobvious effect was at higher voltage.No effect was ob-served at lower voltage.Conclusions Electric signalsdelivered during the absolute refractory period canrapidly enhance the contractility of myocardium,whichsuggests that CCM signal is a novel potent method forcontractility modulation.

  16. The pharmacological properties of K+ currents from rabbit isolated aortic smooth muscle cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Halliday, F. C.; Aaronson, P. I.; Evans, A. M.; Gurney, A M

    1995-01-01

    1. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, the effects of several K+ channel blocking drugs on K+ current recorded from rabbit isolated aortic smooth muscle cells were investigated. 2. Upon depolarization from -80 mV, outward K+ current composed of several distinct components were observed: a transient, 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive component (I1) and a sustained component (Isus), comprising a 4-AP-sensitive delayed rectifier current (IK(V)), and a noisy current which was sensitive to ...

  17. Chronic contractile activity upregulates the proteasome system in rabbit skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordway, G A; Neufer, P D; Chin, E R; DeMartino, G N

    2000-03-01

    Remodeling of skeletal muscle in response to altered patterns of contractile activity is achieved, in part, by the regulated degradation of cellular proteins. The ubiquitin-proteasome system is a dominant pathway for protein degradation in eukaryotic cells. To test the role of this pathway in contraction-induced remodeling of skeletal muscle, we used a well-established model of continuous motor nerve stimulation to activate tibialis anterior (TA) muscles of New Zealand White rabbits for periods up to 28 days. Western blot analysis revealed marked and coordinated increases in protein levels of the 20S proteasome and two of its regulatory proteins, PA700 and PA28. mRNA of a representative proteasome subunit also increased coordinately in contracting muscles. Chronic contractile activity of TA also increased total proteasome activity in extracts, as measured by the hydrolysis of a proteasome-specific peptide substrate, and the total capacity of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, as measured by the ATP-dependent hydrolysis of an exogenous protein substrate. These results support the potential role of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway of protein degradation in the contraction-induced remodeling of skeletal muscle.

  18. [Comparison of force and shortening velocity in fast and slow rabbit muscle fibers at different temperatures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochubeĭ, P V; Bershitskiĭ, S Iu

    2014-01-01

    The temperature dependence of force, maximal shortening velocity and power of maximally activated single permeabilized fibers from fast and slow muscles of the rabbit were recorded in a temperature range from 10 to 35 degrees C with 5 degrees C step. It was found that temperature dependence of force of both types of fibers is identical. Averaged maximal shortening velocity in the slow fibers, unlike the fast fibers, had no statistically significant temperature dependence that is not in agreement with the data obtained on intact rat muscle fibers and in an in vitro motility assay. However maximal shortening velocity in each individual slow fiber did depend on temperature. The temperature dependence of power of the slow fibers was lower than that of the fast ones. Because of large data scattering the average temperature dependence of power of the slow fibers was significantly lower than that in individual slow fibers.

  19. Muscle lipid metabolism in two rabbit lines divergently selected for intramuscular fat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Álvaro, M; Agha, S; Blasco, A; Hernández, P

    2017-06-01

    A divergent selection experiment for intramuscular fat (IMF) of LM at 9 wk of age was performed in rabbits. The objective of this work was to compare the lipid metabolism in muscles and fat tissues of the high-IMF and low-IMF lines. Lipogenic, catabolic, and lipolytic activities were studied in 2 muscles with different oxidative patterns (LM and semimembranosus proprius) and in the perirenal fat depot at 2 ages, 9 and 13 wk. In addition, adipocytes were characterized in perirenal fat. In the fifth generation, direct response to selection was 0.26 g IMF/100 g muscle. Lines showed differences in their lipogenic activities of muscles and fat tissues at 13 wk but not at 9 wk. The high-IMF line showed greater glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), malic enzyme (EM), and fatty acid synthase (FAS) activities in LM than the low-IMF line, with probabilities = 1.00, 0.93, and 0.90, respectively. Differences between lines were particularly great for G6PDH activity, representing 1.13 SD. The high-IMF line also showed greater G6PDH and FAS activities in semimembranosus proprius (P = 0.98 for G6PDH and 0.95 for FAS) and perirenal fat (P = 0.91 for G6PDH and 0.96 for FAS). However, in perirenal fat, EM activity was greater in the low-IMF line (P = 0.90). No differences between lines were found in almost any catabolic or lipolytic activities of muscles. Regarding adipocyte characteristics, the high-IMF line showed larger adipocytes in perirenal fat depot tissue (P = 0.97) compared to the low-IMF line, but no differences between lines were observed in the number of adipocytes. This study sheds light on the metabolic activities involved in the genetic differentiation of lipid deposition in rabbits. This study shows that lipogenic activities in muscles and fat tissues, in particular G6PDH in LM, are involved in the lipid accumulation in muscle and adipose tissues.

  20. Relaxation of rabbit cavernous smooth muscle to 17β-estradiol: a non-genomic, NO-independent mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sae-ChulKim; Kyung-KunSeo; Soon-ChulMyung; MooYeolLee

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To investigate whether estrogen was involved in relaxation of rabbit cavernous smooth muscle.Methods: Relaxation response of the rabbit cavernous smooth muscles to 17β-estradiol (0.3, 3, 30 and 300 nmol/L) were observed in vitro. The response of the muscle strips to estrogen after incubation with either actinomycin D (10μmol/L) or L-NAME (10μmol/L) were also evaluated. Inside-out mode of patch clamp in a single smooth muscle cell was applied to investigate the Maxi-K channel activities. Results: Estrogen caused a dose-dependent relaxation of the strips precontracted with norepinephrine. The maximal response was noted about 10 minutes after treatment. Theestrogen-induced relaxation was prevented by neither actinomycin D nor L-NAME, suggesting that the response was not mediated by gene transcription or nitric oxide (NO). Application of 17β-estradiol increased the Maxi-K channelactivities. Conclusion: 17β-estradiol may be involved in relaxation of rabbit cavernous smooth muscles via a nongenomic and NO independent mechanism. 17β-estradiol stimulates Maxi-K channel of the rabbit cavernous myocyte.

  1. Compression-induced hyperaemia in the rabbit masseter muscle: a model to investigate vascular mechano-sensitivity of skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turturici, Marco; Roatta, Silvestro

    2013-03-01

    Recent evidence suggests that the mechano-sensitivity of the vascular network may underlie rapid dilatory events in skeletal muscles. Previous investigations have been mostly based either on in vitro or on whole-limb studies, neither preparation allowing one to assess the musculo-vascular specificity under physiological conditions. The aim of this work is to characterize the mechano-sensitivity of an exclusively-muscular vascular bed in vivo. In five anesthetized rabbits, muscle blood flow was continuously monitored in the masseteric artery, bilaterally (n = 10). Hyperaemic responses were evoked by compressive stimuli of different extent (50, 100 and 200 mm Hg) and duration (0.5, 1, 2 and 5 s) exerted by a servo-controlled motor on the masseter muscle. Peak amplitude of the hyperaemic response ranged from 340 ± 30% of baseline (at 50 mm Hg) to 459 ± 57% (at 200 mm Hg) (P < 0.05), did not depend on stimulus duration and exhibited very good reliability (ICC = 0.98) when reassessed at 30 min intervals. The time course of the response depended neither on applied pressure nor on the duration of the stimulus. In conclusion, for its high sensitivity and reliability this technique is adequate to characterize mechano-vascular reactivity and may prove useful in the investigation of the underlying mechanisms, with implications in the control of vascular tone and blood pressure in health and disease.

  2. Hunger and satiation in the structure of temporal organization of impulse activity of masticatory muscles in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ignatova, Ju P; Kromin, A A

    2009-01-01

    Impulse activity of masticatory muscles, jaw elevators and depressors, during hunger, eating, and satiation was studied in chronic experiments on rabbits. The state of hunger is specifically reflected in the structure of temporal organization of impulse activity of proper masticatory muscles as a monomodal distribution of interpulse intervals and in activity of the mylohyoid muscle as bimodal distributions. Food intake induces reorganization of the temporal structure of impulse activity in both muscles manifesting in the form of similar bimodal patterns of distributions of interpulse intervals.

  3. Power output of skinned skeletal muscle fibres from the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Timothy G; Toepfer, Christopher N; Woledge, Roger C; Curtin, Nancy A; Rowlerson, Anthea; Kalakoutis, Michaeljohn; Hudson, Penny; Wilson, Alan M

    2013-08-01

    Muscle samples were taken from the gluteus, semitendinosus and longissimus muscles of a captive cheetah immediately after euthanasia. Fibres were 'skinned' to remove all membranes, leaving the contractile filament array intact and functional. Segments of skinned fibres from these cheetah muscles and from rabbit psoas muscle were activated at 20°C by a temperature-jump protocol. Step and ramp length changes were imposed after active stress had developed. The stiffness of the non-contractile ends of the fibres (series elastic component) was measured at two different stress values in each fibre; stiffness was strongly dependent on stress. Using these stiffness values, the speed of shortening of the contractile component was evaluated, and hence the power it was producing. Fibres were analysed for myosin heavy chain content using gel electrophoresis, and identified as either slow (type I) or fast (type II). The power output of cheetah type II fibre segments was 92.5±4.3 W kg(-1) (mean ± s.e., 14 fibres) during shortening at relative stress 0.15 (the stress during shortening/isometric stress). For rabbit psoas fibre segments (presumably type IIX) the corresponding value was significantly higher (Pcheetah was less than that of rabbit when maximally activated at 20°C, and does not account for the superior locomotor performance of the cheetah.

  4. The Variability of Growth Hormone Gene Associated with Ultrasound Imaging of Longissimus dorsi Muscle and Perirenal Fat in Rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. I. Amalianingsih

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Identification of genes in rabbits correlated to economic traits were intended to improve and develop their genetic quality. The objective of this research was to analyze the variability of growth hormone gene (GH in three rabbit breeds, i.e. Rex, Satin, and Reza (Rex and Satin crosses then was associated with ultrasound imaging of Longissimus dorsi muscle and perirenal fat thickness. Identification of the variability of growth hormone gene was analyzed using PCR RFLP technique from blood samples of 33 mature male rabbits in Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production (IRIAP. Thickness of Longissimus dorsi muscle and perirenal fat were imaged and measured by using ultrasound unit at 2nd to 3rd lumbar vertebrae in the left body side. PCR product of GH gene fragment (231 base pair /bp was digested with restriction enzyme Bsh1236I. PCR-RFLP patterns were allele T resulted in an undigested fragment of 231 bp; allele C resulted in fragment of 169 bp and 62 bp. The result showed that Bsh1236I GH gene had three genotypes, i.e. CC, TT, and CT. There were signifficant association of Longissimus dorsi muscle thickness between rabbit breed (P<0.05. There was no significant association between GH Bsh1236I gene polymorphism and imaging ultrasound of Longissimus dorsi muscle and perirenal fat thickness. The association of characteristic genotype of GH|Bsh1236I gene with measurement phenotype was not significant, however it had potency as marker assisted selection (MAS.

  5. [Primary psoas abscess in a young healthy male

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nassehi, D.; Galbo, H.; Skovsgaard, F.

    2008-01-01

    A young male saw his general practitioner because of lower back pain, limpness, nightly sweating, subfebrilia, and weight loss. Further diagnostics showed that he had a primary psoas abscess. Psoas abscesses are categorized as primary and secondary. Primary psoas abscess is a rare disease in Europe...

  6. Creation of a contusion injury in rabbit skeletal muscle using a drop-mass technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret N. Deane

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study reports our experience in developing a simple, minor injury. After reviewing the literature, a ‘drop-mass’ method was selected where a 201 g, elongated oval-shaped weight was dropped up to 15 times through a 1 m tube onto the left vastus lateralis of New Zealand white rabbits. To determine the extent of injury and degree of healing, biopsies were obtained six days after injury from the healing vastus lateralis of each animal. The tissue was fixed in formal saline, embedded in wax, cut and stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E and phosphotungstic acid haematoxylin (PTAH and examined by light microscopy (LM. The ‘optimal’ injury was created after seven drops, where quite severe, mild and moderately severe trauma was caused to muscle in the juxta-bone, mid and sub-dermal regions respectively. In each region, the muscle exhibited features of healing six days after injury. The ‘drop-mass’ technique appears to cause a contusion within a single muscle of at least three degrees of severity. This previously unreported observation is of particular importance to other researchers wishing to investigate contusion injury in other animal models.

  7. Dynamic calcium requirements for activation of rabbit papillary muscle calculated from tension-independent heat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchard, E M; Mulieri, L A; Alpert, N R

    1990-04-03

    The heat generated by right ventricular papillary muscles of rabbits was measured after adenosine triphosphate (ATP) splitting by the contractile proteins was chemically inhibited. This tension-independent heat (TIH) (1 mJ/g wet weight) was used to calculate the total calcium (Ca) cycled in a muscle twitch by assuming that 87% of TIH was due to Ca2+ transport by the sarcoplasmic reticulum with a coupling ratio of 2 Ca2+/ATP split; the enthalpy of creatine phosphate hydrolysis buffering ATP was taken as -34 KJ/mol. The estimated Ca turnover per muscle twitch at 21 degrees C, 0.2 Hz pacing rate, and 2.5 mM Ca in the Krebs solution was approximately equal to 50 nmol/g wet weight. There was a tight positive correlation between TIH and mechanical activation during steady-state measurements but no correlation during the sharp increase in mechanical activation (treppe) when stimulation was resumed after a rest period. It is suggested that while total Ca cycling remains unchanged during the initial period of tension treppe, the free Ca2+ transient and mechanical activation increase sharply due to resaturation of high affinity Ca2+ buffers, other than troponin C, depleted of Ca2+ during the rest period.

  8. Carcass yield, meat color and muscle pH evolution in rabbits

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    Hernandez-Bautista, Jorge

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determinate the carcass yield, color and pH evolution of different rabbit breeds (New Zealand G1, California G2, and Nueva ZealandCalifornia G3. Two different studies were performed with animal of 100 days-old and live weight (PV of 2.5 kg. In the study I carcass weight and non-meat components were determined, and the cold carcass weight (CF was recorded. Hot carcass yield (CC was determined, besides pH and color (L*a*b* in B. femoris (BF and L. lumborum (LB muscles. In the study II the L. dorsi (LD muscle pH was monitored. Higher PV, CF, CC and empty carcass weight were found in G2. The L*, a* and b* intensity of LB and BF muscles was higher in G1. In study II the pH decreased with post mortem time and stabilized before 24 h with a 6.16 value for G2 and 6.21 for G1.

  9. Histological, enzymohistochemical and biomechanical observation of skeletal muscle injury in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHU Bin; SHEN Yue; WANG Ai-min; FANG Xiang-qin; LI Xiang; DENG Hao-yue; YU Zi-qin

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To explore the pathophysiological and biomechanical features of skeletal muscular injury for providing a rational basis for its treatment, prevention and rehabilitation.Methods: In 70 adult rabbits, the left tibialis anterior (TA) muscle was stretched to injury, while the right TA muscle served as control. Histological, enzymohistochemical and biomechanical changes were observed on days 0, 1, 2, 3, and 7 after injury. Cytochrome oxidase (CCO), acid phosphatase (ACP), ATPase, succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), NADH-diaphorase (NADHD), glutamatedehydrogenase (GDH), α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (α-GPD) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured. The examined biomechanical parameters included maximal contractile force, ultimate load, length, energy absorption, tangent stiffness, and rupture site.Results: Partial or complete rupture of TA muscle occurred near the muscle-tendon junction. There was an intense inflammatory reaction on day 1 and 2 after injury. Endomysium fibrosis and myotube formation were observed on day 3, and developed further on day 7. The activity of cell oxidases (CCO, ATPase, MDH, α-GPD, SDH, NADHD and GDH) showed a significant drop from day 0 to 2, and resumed with different levels on day 3. The increment of enzymatic activities continued on day 7 and the levels of NADHD and α-GPD reached to the levels of control muscle. Maximal contractile force was 70.17%±3.82% of controls immediately after injury, 54.82%±3.09% at 1 day, 66.41%±4.36% at 2 days, 78.39%±4.90% at 3 days and 93.64%±5.02% at 7 days. Ultimate load was 85.78%±7.54% of controls at the moment of injury, 61.44%±5.91% at 1 day, 49.17%±4.26% at 2 days, 64.43%±5.02% at 3 days, and 76.71%±6.46% at 7 days. Conclusions: Endomysium fibrosis and scar formation at the injured site are responsible for frequent recurrence of skeletal muscle injury. Recovery of tensile load slower than that of maximal contractile force may be another cause

  10. Degradation of human hair keratin scaffold material used to repair injured skeletal muscles of rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAO Dong-fang; LU Yan-meng; FU Wen-yu; PIAO Ying-jie

    2002-01-01

    Objective:To explore the mechanism of the degradation of human hair keratin (HHK) scaffold material implanted in damaged skeletal muscle tissues. Methods: Six New Zealand rabbits with HHK scaffold material implants (composed of 3 different types of HHK material with varied degradation speed) after musclectomy were divided into 3 groups (2 in each group) to observe the degradation of the material at 1, 3, 6weeks after operation. Another rabbit without operation was used as the control group. The degradation of HHK was observed with light microscopy, histochemistry of ubiquitin and electron microscopy. Results:Light microscopy showed that human hair cuticles fell off from the HHK material and emerged, and the macrophagocytes and multinucleate giant cells were attached onto the surface of the material, which became homogeneous at the first postoperative week. The HHK scaffold material was degraded into particles that was phagocytosed by macrophagocytes and multinucleate giant cells at the third week. Ubiquitin enzymatic histochemistry showed that the macrophagocytes and the multinucleate giant cells were positive at the first week. Under electron microscope, HHK scaffold material was degraded into particles, and at the sixth week,part of HHK scaffold material was further degraded. Conclusion: Large mass of the HHK scaffold material is degraded via ubiquitin system, and the resultant particles are phagocytosed and degraded with the cooperation of lysosome and ubiquitin.

  11. Three-Dimensional Muscle Architecture and Comprehensive Dynamic Properties of Rabbit Gastrocnemius, Plantaris and Soleus: Input for Simulation Studies.

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    Tobias Siebert

    Full Text Available The vastly increasing number of neuro-muscular simulation studies (with increasing numbers of muscles used per simulation is in sharp contrast to a narrow database of necessary muscle parameters. Simulation results depend heavily on rough parameter estimates often obtained by scaling of one muscle parameter set. However, in vivo muscles differ in their individual properties and architecture. Here we provide a comprehensive dataset of dynamic (n = 6 per muscle and geometric (three-dimensional architecture, n = 3 per muscle muscle properties of the rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius, plantaris, and soleus. For completeness we provide the dynamic muscle properties for further important shank muscles (flexor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum longus, and tibialis anterior; n = 1 per muscle. Maximum shortening velocity (normalized to optimal fiber length of the gastrocnemius is about twice that of soleus, while plantaris showed an intermediate value. The force-velocity relation is similar for gastrocnemius and plantaris but is much more bent for the soleus. Although the muscles vary greatly in their three-dimensional architecture their mean pennation angle and normalized force-length relationships are almost similar. Forces of the muscles were enhanced in the isometric phase following stretching and were depressed following shortening compared to the corresponding isometric forces. While the enhancement was independent of the ramp velocity, the depression was inversely related to the ramp velocity. The lowest effect strength for soleus supports the idea that these effects adapt to muscle function. The careful acquisition of typical dynamical parameters (e.g. force-length and force-velocity relations, force elongation relations of passive components, enhancement and depression effects, and 3D muscle architecture of calf muscles provides valuable comprehensive datasets for e.g. simulations with neuro-muscular models, development of more realistic

  12. Atomic force microscopy study of the rabbit skeletal muscle ryanodine receptors in different functional states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏青青; 程晓阳; 陈克樱; 胡钧; 李民乾; 朱培闳

    2002-01-01

    Atomic force microscope was applied to investigate the effect of extrinsic phospholipid on the structure of rabbit skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel (RyR1). In addition, in the presence of extrinsic phospholipid, the height and elasticity of the RyR1s in different functional states were also measured. The results indicate: (i) most of the RyR1s showed a normal structure only in the presence of extrinsic phospholipid; (ii) treatment of the RyR1s with AMP and Ca2+ together could increase their Young's Modulus but not change their apparent height; (iii) no detectable change in either height or Young's Modulus of the RyR1s appeared, if the RyR1s were treated with other activators or inhibitors.

  13. The Effect of Dietary Linseed Oil and Organic Selenium on Growth Performance and Muscle Fatty Acids in Growing Rabbits

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed A. Saleh, Tarek A. Ebeid and Yahya Z. Eid*

    2013-01-01

    The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a combined in-feed of linseed oil and organic selenium on growth performance and muscle fatty acid profiles in growing rabbits. A total of 4-week-old sixty male growing New Zealand white rabbits (average weight 531±5g) were collected and equally divided into 3 groups. The control group was fed on a control diet, whereas the treatment groups were fed on diets contained 2.5% linseed oil with or without 0.3 ppm organic selenium. All exper...

  14. Atrophy of type I and II muscle fibers is reversible in the case of grade >2 fatty degeneration of the supraspinatus muscle: an experimental study in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabis, Jaroslaw; Danilewicz, Marian; Zwierzchowski, Jacek T; Niedzielski, Kryspin

    2016-03-01

    Although clinical investigations indicate that the limit of reversibility of rotator cuff muscles fibers type I and II atrophy is grade 2 of fatty degeneration (FD) according to the Goutallier computed tomography classification, little is known about the morphometric verification of these findings. The supraspinatus tendon was detached from the greater tubercle and the infraspinatus and subscapularis in 12 rabbits, and a 12-week observation period followed. This proved to be sufficient for development of grade >2 FD of the supraspinatus tendon. The tendon was then reinserted. The animals were euthanized 24 weeks after tendon reconstruction. The sections of middle part of supraspinatus were stained for adenosine triphosphatase reaction, and morphometric measurements were taken of type I and II muscle fiber diameters. The contralateral shoulders served as controls. The macroscopic inspection of the supraspinatus tendons revealed complete healing in all cases. No statistically significant differences were found between controls and operated-on shoulders for type I (P = .13) and type II (P = .55) muscle fibers. Atrophy of type I and II muscle fibers in rabbit supraspinatus muscle, characterized by grade >2 fatty degeneration according to the Goutallier computed tomography classification, is reversible after 24 weeks from reattachment of its tendon. A requirement for type I and II muscle fibers hypertrophy is a change in the biomechanical and functional conditions of the muscle after its tendon is reconstructed. Copyright © 2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Calcium ion requirement for acetylcholine-stimulated breakdown of triphosphoinositide in rabbit iris smooth muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhtar, R A; Abdel-Latif, A A

    1978-03-01

    Previous studies from this laboratory have established that addition of acetylcholine (ACh) or norepinephrine to 32P-labeled rabbit iris smooth muscle increases significantly the breakdown of triphosphoinositide (TPI) and that these stimulatory effects are blocked by atropine and phentolamine, respectively. The present studies were undertaken in order to show the effect of Ca++ on the ACh-stimulated breakdown of TPI ("TPI effect") in this tissue. Paired iris smooth muscles were prelabeled with 32Pi for 30 minutes at 37 degrees C in Ca++-free iso-osmotic salt medium. The prelabeled irises were then washed and incubated for 10 minutes in nonradioactive Ca++-free medium which contained 10 mM 2-deoxyglucose under various conditions. The phospholipids were isolated by means of two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography and their radioactivities were determined. In the absence of Ca++, 50 micrometer ACh increased TPI breakdown and phosphatidic acid (PA) labeling by 16 and 38%, respectively. In the absence of ACh, 0.75 micrometer Ca++ increased TPI breakdown and PA labeling by 11 and 20%, respectively. When both ACh and Ca++ were added, the increase in TPI breakdown and PA labeling rose to 32 and 74%, respectively. The labeling of phosphatidylinositol was found to be insensitive to the presence of Ca++. Ca++ was determined in the iris smooth muscle and it was found to contain 3.13 mumol of Ca++ per g of tissue. This was reduced by 80% after the muscle was washed and incubated in a medium which contained 0.25 micrometer ethyleneglycol bis (beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA). The TPI effect was abolished by 0.25 micrometer EGTA and restored when excess Ca++ (1.25 micrometer) was added. Concentrations of Ca++ as low as 50 micrometer provoked a TPI effect. Sr++ (2 micrometer), but not Ba++ or Mn++, was found to substitute partially for Ca++. Ionophore A-23187 (20 micrometer) was found to increase the breakdown of TPI and labeling of PA by 11 and 24

  16. EMG power spectrum and motor unit characteristics in the masseter muscle of the rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkawski, S J; van Eijden, T M

    2000-04-01

    Masticatory muscles contain a large variety of motor units with different physiological and morphological properties. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a relationship exists between the mechanical and myo-electric properties of single motor units in the masseter muscle of the rabbit. It was expected that faster-contracting motor units, which usually have a relatively large number of fibers with large diameters, should have faster action potentials with larger amplitudes than slower motor units. Single motor units were stimulated. A two-dimensional force transducer registered mechanical parameters of the units. EMG electrodes were used to determine amplitude and frequency parameters of the action potentials of the same units. The results showed that faster-contracting motor units indeed produced action potentials with higher conduction velocities. However, faster motor units had no significant larger amplitude of the action potential. Small but significant positive correlations were found between the tetanic peak force and the amplitude of the action potentials. Little difference was found among the various frequency and amplitude parameters, respectively, making them equally suitable to describe the action potential. Surprisingly, a negative correlation between the amplitude and frequency parameters of the action potential was found, which may result from variability in arrival times of action potentials at the electrode site. Regional differences in the frequency parameters were found between the anterior and posterior parts of the superficial masseter.

  17. A model for investigating the control of muscle blood flow: the masseteric artery in conscious rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roatta, S; Mohammed, M; Turturici, M; Milano, L; Passatore, M

    2010-09-01

    The complex interplay of neural, metabolic, myogenic and mechanical mechanisms that regulate blood flow in skeletal muscle (MBF) is still incompletely understood. For the first time, a method is presented for high time-resolution recording of MBF from a purely muscular artery in physiological conditions. Ultrasound perivascular flow probes were implanted (n = 15) mono- or bilaterally around the masseteric branch of the facial artery in nine rabbits and tested up to 16 days after implant. Reliable and stable recordings were achieved in 50% of implants. Blood flow was observed to increase from a resting level of 0.2-0.3 ml min(-1) up to 4.0-6.0 ml min(-1) during spontaneous masticatory activity. In addition, within single masticatory cycles marked back flow transients could be observed (peak flow = -10 ml min(-1)) during powerful masticatory strokes but not during mild mastication. The possibility of (1) surgically removing the sympathetic supply to the relevant vascular bed and of (2) bilaterally monitoring the perfusion of masseter muscles thus allowing to use one side as control side for different types of interventions makes this model a useful tool for disentangling the different mechanisms involved in the control of MBF.

  18. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate formation in rabbit skeletal and heart muscle membranes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varsányi, M; Messer, M; Brandt, N R; Heilmeyer, L M

    1986-08-14

    Incubation of rabbit skeletal muscle microsomes or isolated triads with gamma 32P-ATP/Mg2+ in the absence and in the presence of added phosphatidylinositol resulted in the formation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate catalyzed by phosphatidylinositol kinase. When phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate was added as exogenous substrate, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate was also formed demonstrating the presence of a membrane bound phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate kinase. Triads were broken mechanically in a French press and separated on a continuous sucrose gradient. Incubation of these fractions with gamma 32P-ATP/Mg2+ resulted in a rapid labeling of phospholipid in a membrane fraction banding between transverse tubules and the terminal cisternae. Partial triad breakage and triad reformation experiments indicated that this phosphatidylinositol kinase was associated with T-tubules. When exogenous phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate was employed as substrate phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and phosphatidic acid were formed, indicating the presence of all the enzymes of the polyphosphoinositide signaling system in this special membrane fraction. In contrast, heart muscle microsomes or plasma membranes can catalyze this reaction sequence from endogenous formed phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate.

  19. Energetics of the Frank-Starling effect in rabbit myocardium: economy and efficiency depend on muscle length.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Jeffrey W; Hünlich, Mark; Hasenfuss, Gerd

    2002-07-01

    We tested the hypothesis that economy and efficiency are independent of length in intact cardiac muscle over its normal working range. We measured force, force-time integral, force-length area, and myocardial oxygen consumption in eight isometrically contracting rabbit right ventricular papillary muscles. 2,3-Butanedione monoxime was used to partition nonbasal oxygen consumption into tension-independent and tension-dependent components. Developed force, force-time integral, and force-length area increased by factors of 2.4, 2.7, and 4.8, respectively, as muscle length was increased from 90% to 100% maximal length, whereas tension-dependent oxygen consumption increased only 1.6-fold. Economy (the ratio of force-time integral to tension-dependent oxygen consumption) increased significantly with muscle length, as did contractile efficiency, the ratio of force-length area to tension-dependent oxygen consumption. The average force-length area-nonbasal oxygen consumption intercept was more than the twice tension-independent oxygen consumption. We conclude that economy and efficiency increase with length in rabbit myocardium. This conclusion is consistent with published data in isolated rabbit and dog hearts but at odds with studies in skinned myocardium.

  20. A Late-onset Psoas Abscess Formation Associated with Previous Appendectomy: A Case Report

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    Sam Moslemi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Psoas abscesses could originate from an adjacent source of infection in the abdominopelvic cavity known as a secondary complication of acute appendicitis. However, it is considered as a very rare event when occurring late after the presentation of appendicitis. Whether it is the source or complication of acute appendicitis following appendectomy remains unclear. A 25-year-old man was admitted to our center with fever and abdominal pain. His past medical history was unremarkable except for having an acute appendicitis and complicated appendectomy 4 years before presenting illness. On admission, the patient was febrile with right lower quadrant abdominal tenderness and moderate leukocytosis. The Abdominopelvic CT- scan revealed a large right psoas muscle than the opposite site, that contained a hypodense mass measuring 6 cm in diameter with extension into right iliacus and internal oblique muscles..The patient underwent subsequent percutaneous abscess drainage under image guide and concurrent broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy.

  1. A Late-onset Psoas Abscess Formation Associated with Previous Appendectomy: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moslemi, Sam; Tahamtan, Maryam; Hosseini, Seyed Vahid

    2014-01-01

    Psoas abscesses could originate from an adjacent source of infection in the abdominopelvic cavity known as a secondary complication of acute appendicitis. However, it is considered as a very rare event when occurring late after the presentation of appendicitis. Whether it is the source or complication of acute appendicitis following appendectomy remains unclear. A 25-year-old man was admitted to our center with fever and abdominal pain. His past medical history was unremarkable except for having an acute appendicitis and complicated appendectomy 4 years before presenting illness. On admission, the patient was febrile with right lower quadrant abdominal tenderness and moderate leukocytosis. The Abdominopelvic CT- scan revealed a large right psoas muscle than the opposite site, that contained a hypodense mass measuring 6 cm in diameter with extension into right iliacus and internal oblique muscles..The patient underwent subsequent percutaneous abscess drainage under image guide and concurrent broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy.

  2. Diffusion-weighted MRI, dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI and ultrasound perfusion quantification of denervated muscle in rabbits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goyault, G.; Beregi, J.P. [University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular imaging, Cardiologic Hospital, Lille (France); Bierry, G.; Holl, N.; Dietemann, J.L.; Kremer, S. [University Hospital, Department of Neuroradiology, Strasbourg (France); Lhermitte, B. [University Hospital, Department of Pathology, Strasbourg (France)

    2012-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess denervated muscle perfusion using dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI (DSCMRI) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and to measure denervated muscle apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on b1000 diffusion-weighted MRI (DWMRI) at 3 T in order to clarify whether muscle denervation leads to an increase in the extracellular extravascular space, or an increase in blood flow - or both. Axotomy of the right sciatic nerve of six white rabbits was performed at day 0. At day 9, hind limb muscles MRI and CEUS were performed to assess the consequences of denervation and both semimembranosus muscles of each rabbit were explanted for histological studies. Signal intensity on T2- and T1-weighted MRI, ADC on DWMRI, maximum signal drop (MSD) on DSCMRI and the area under the curve (AUC) on CEUS were measured over circular regions of interest (ROI), in both semimembranosus muscles. Non-parametric Wilcoxon matched-pairs tests were used to assess the mean differences between denervated and normal muscles. T2 fat-saturated (FS) MRI studies showed a strong signal in the right semimembranosus muscles compared with the left side, and gadolinium enhancement was observed on T1 FS MRI. Denervated muscles show a significant increase in ADC on DWMRI (p < 0.01) and a significant signal enhancement on DSCMR imaging (p < 0.05) and on first-pass CEUS (p < 0.05). The results of this study - based on perfusion- and diffusion-weighted images - suggest that, after denervation, both increased blood flow through muscle tissue and expansion of the extracellular water volume are present. (orig.)

  3. Acetylcholine increases the breakdown of triphosphoinositide of rabbit iris muscle prelabelled with [32P] phosphate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Latif, A A; Akhtar, R A; Hawthorne, J N

    1977-01-15

    1. Paired iris smooth muscles from rabbits were incubated for 30 min at 37 degrees C in an iso-osmotic salt medium containg glucose, inositol, cytidine and [32P]phosphate. 2. One of the pair was then incubated at 37 degrees C for 10 min in unlabelled medium containing 10mM-2-deoxyglucose and the other was incubated in the presence of acetylcholine plus eserine (0.05mM each). 2-Deoxyglucose, which was included in the incubation medium to minimize the biosynthesis of triphosphoinositide from ATP and diphosphoinositide, decreased the amount of labelled ATP by 71% and inhibited further 32P incorporation from ATP into triphosphoinositide by almost 30%. 3. Acetylcholine (0.05mM) increased significantly the loss of 32P from triphosphoinositide (the 'triphosphoinositide effect') in 32P-labelled iris muscle. This effect was measured both chemically and radiochemically. It was also observed when 32Pi was replaced by myo-[3H]inositol in the incubation medium. 4. The triphosphoinositide effect was blocked by atropine but not by D-tubocurarine. Further, muscarinic but not nicotinic agonists were found to provoke this effect. 5. Acetylcholine decreased by 28% the 32P incorporation into triphosphoinositide, presumably by stimulating its breakdown. This decrement in triphosphoinositide was blocked by atropine, but not by D-tubocurarine. 6. The triphosphoinositide effect was accompanied by a significant increase in 32P labelling, but not tissue concentration, of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidic acid. The possible relationship between the loss of 32P label from triphosphoinositide in response to acetylcholine and the concomitant increase in that of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidic acid is discussed. 7. The presence of triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase, the enzyme that might be stimulated in the iris smooth muscle by the neurotransmitter, was demonstrated, and, under our methods of homogenization and assay, more than 80% of its activity was localized in the

  4. Different sensitivity of rabbit heart and skeletal muscle to endotoxin-induced impairment of mitochondrial function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumbeckaite, S; Opalka, J R; Neuhof, C; Zierz, S; Gellerich, F N

    2001-03-01

    The involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in septic disturbances of tissues is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of endotoxin-induced sepsis on the function of heart and skeletal muscle mitochondria. Rabbits were made septic by subcutaneous injection of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) from Escherichia coli at concentrations of 100 or 150 microg LPS.kg(-1) 24 h prior to the experiments. Mitochondrial respiration was measured in saponin-skinned muscle fibers and compared with photometrically detected activities of respiratory chain enzymes as well as with function of perfused hearts. In heart fibers a dosage of 100 microg LPS.kg(-1) caused a significant decrease of state 3-respiration for the substrates pyruvate (-38%), octanoyl-carnitine (-38%) and succinate (-30%) with correspondingly decreased respiratory control indexes (RCI). In addition, endotoxin caused a decreased temporal stability of the rate of state 3-respiration. At least in part these changes can be attributed to a reduced activity of complex I + III (-50%) of the respiratory chain. State 4-respiration rates were not significantly altered. The lowered state 3-respiration in heart mitochondria seems to contribute to the impairment of heart muscle function as detected by an increase of coronary vascular resistance (CVR) in endotoxin-treated hearts. Functional properties of mitochondria from M. Vastus lasteralis were not affected by 100 microg LPS.kg(-1) but a higher dosage of 150 microg LPS.kg(-1) caused decreased RCI for the substrates pyruvate (-29%) and octanoyl-carnitine (-32%). Also the activity of complex I + III was not significantly affected at lower dose of endotoxin but decreased (-42%) after treatment with 150 microg LPS.kg(-1). Results demonstrate the involvement of impaired mitochondria in the pathophysiology of septic organ failure and a tissue specificity of endotoxaemia.

  5. The effect of compressed air massage on untraumatised rabbit skeletal muscle - a morphometric and ultrastructural study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Gregory

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the therapeutic uses of massage is to facilitate repairof damaged tissue. A potential hazard of massage is that direct pressure onmuscle is known to damage skeletal myofibres. This study examines theeffect of a new form of massage using compressed air on the morphology ofuntraumatised rabbit skeletal myofibres. Under anaesthetic, the left and right vastus lateralis muscles of 16 New Zealand, white rabbits were treated with 10 minutes of compressed air therapy at 1 Bar using a single hole (5 mm applicator head and control biopsies were taken from the opposite limb. Biopsies were prepared for light microscopy and transmission electronmicroscopy. Morphometry, using image analysis revealed a significant increase in myofibre diameters 10 minutes  (p < 0.001 and 24 hours (p<0.01 after compressed air massage. Six days after treatment diameters were significantly reduced (p < 0.01. Morphologically, myofibres in control specimens were normal. Shortly after compressed air  massage, juxta-nuclear and intermyofibrillar oedema was present and electron-lucent spaces were filled with swollen mitochondria and elements of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR. Glycogen and other non-contractile organelles were sometimes aggregated in oedematous, sub-sarcolemmal regions. Twenty four hours after treatment, intermyofibrillar oedema was reduced, but SR swelling remained and many fibres were characterised by focal and large areas of myofibrillar disorganisation. With the exception of occasional swollen elements of the SR and a single internalised nucleus, myofibres morphology had returned to normal 6 days after treatment. Compressed air massage causes less damage to skeletal myofibres than a similar form of localised pressure treatment, deep transverse frictions. Clinicalstudies using this new modality are warranted.

  6. Olfactory ensheathing cells of hamsters, rabbits, monkeys, and mice express α-smooth muscle actin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rawji, Khalil S; Zhang, Shannon X; Tsai, Ying-Yu; Smithson, Laura J; Kawaja, Michael D

    2013-07-12

    Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are the chief glial population of the mammalian olfactory nervous system, residing in the olfactory mucosa and at the surface of the olfactory bulb. We investigated the neurochemical features of OECs in a variety of mammalian species (including adult hamsters, rabbits, monkeys, and mice, as well as fetal pigs) using three biomarkers: α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA), S100β, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Mucosal and bulbar OECs from all five mammalian species express S100β. Both mucosal and bulbar OECs of monkeys express αSMA, yet only bulbar OECs of hamsters and only mucosal OECs of rabbits express αSMA as well. Mucosal OECs, but not bulbar OECs, also express GFAP in hamsters and monkeys; mice, by comparison, have only a sparse population of OECs expressing GFAP. Though αSMA immunostaining is not detected in OECs of adult mice, GFAP-expressing mucosal OECs isolated from adult mice do coexpress αSMA in vitro. Moreover, mucosal OECs from adult mutant mice lacking αSMA expression display perturbed cellular morphology (i.e., fewer cytoplasmic processes extending among the hundreds of olfactory axons in the olfactory nerve fascicles and nuclei having degenerative features). In sum, these findings highlight the efficacy of αSMA and S100β as biomarkers of OECs from a variety of mammalian species. These observations provide definitive evidence that mammalian OECs express the structural protein αSMA (at various levels of detection), which appears to play a pivotal role in their ensheathment of olfactory axons.

  7. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor enhances cholinergic contraction of longitudinal muscle of rabbit intestine via activation of phospholipase C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Qudah, M; Anderson, C D; Mahavadi, S; Bradley, Z L; Akbarali, H I; Murthy, K S; Grider, J R

    2014-02-15

    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) belongs to the neurotrophin family of proteins best known for its role in neuronal survival, differentiation, migration, and synaptic plasticity in central and peripheral neurons. BDNF is also widely expressed in nonneuronal tissues including the gastrointestinal tract. The role of BDNF in intestinal smooth muscle contractility is not well defined. The aim of this study was to identify the role of BDNF in carbachol (CCh)- and substance P (SP)-induced contraction of intestinal longitudinal smooth muscle. BDNF, selective tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) receptor agonists, and pharmacological inhibitors of signaling pathways were examined for their effects on contraction of rabbit intestinal longitudinal muscle strips induced by CCh and SP. BDNF activation of intracellular signaling pathways was examined by Western blot in homogenates of muscle strips and isolated muscle cells. One-hour preincubation with BDNF enhanced intestinal muscle contraction induced by CCh but not by SP. The selective synthetic TrkB agonists LM 22A4 and 7,8-dihydroxyflavone produced similar effects to BDNF. The Trk antagonist K-252a, a TrkB antibody but not p75NTR antibody, blocked the effect of BDNF. The enhancement of CCh-induced contraction by BDNF was blocked by the phospholipase C (PLC) antagonist U73122, but not by ERK1/2 or Akt antagonists. Direct measurement in muscle strips and isolated muscle cells showed that BDNF caused phosphorylation of TrkB receptors and PLC-γ, but not ERK1/2 or Akt. We conclude that exogenous BDNF augments the CCh-induced contraction of longitudinal muscle from rabbit intestine by activating TrkB receptors and subsequent PLC activation.

  8. Effects of Dietary Fatty Acids on Lipid Traits in the Muscle and Perirenal Fat of Growing Rabbits Fed Mixed Diets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peiretti, Pier Giorgio

    2012-02-22

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of various raw materials (spirulina, curcuma, tomato pomace, false flax, linseed, chia, perilla seeds) as suitable polyunsaturated fatty acid n-3 (n-3 PUFA) sources, on the lipid traits in the longissimus dorsi muscle and perirenal fat of growing rabbits. The fatty acid (FA) analyses of the diets, carried out by gas chromatography, differed over a wide range on the basis of the highly varied ingredients in 27 experimental formulations. Among the 29 identified FAs, three from feeds were catabolized in the rabbits, five were de novo synthesized and stored chiefly in the muscle. It was possible to linearly characterize the incorporation from the feed to the muscle of 16 FAs. This study has confirmed that the dietary inclusion of various raw materials could be considered as a way of enriching the n-3 PUFA of rabbit meat. A proposal for the prediction of n-3 PUFA from dietary α-linolenic acid (C18:3 n-3) and a panel of another 10 FAs has been made for intramuscular fat (R² = 0.94) and perirenal fat (R² = 0.96).

  9. Effects of Dietary Fatty Acids on Lipid Traits in the Muscle and Perirenal Fat of Growing Rabbits Fed Mixed Diets

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    Pier Giorgio Peiretti

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of various raw materials (spirulina, curcuma, tomato pomace, false flax, linseed, chia, perilla seeds as suitable polyunsaturated fatty acid n-3 (n-3 PUFA sources, on the lipid traits in the longissimus dorsi muscle and perirenal fat of growing rabbits. The fatty acid (FA analyses of the diets, carried out by gas chromatography, differed over a wide range on the basis of the highly varied ingredients in 27 experimental formulations. Among the 29 identified FAs, three from feeds were catabolized in the rabbits, five were de novo synthesized and stored chiefly in the muscle. It was possible to linearly characterize the incorporation from the feed to the muscle of 16 FAs. This study has confirmed that the dietary inclusion of various raw materials could be considered as a way of enriching the n-3 PUFA of rabbit meat. A proposal for the prediction of n-3 PUFA from dietary α-linolenic acid (C18:3 n-3 and a panel of another 10 FAs has been made for intramuscular fat (R2 = 0.94 and perirenal fat (R2 = 0.96.

  10. The Time Course Effects of Electroacupuncture on Promoting Skeletal Muscle Regeneration and Inhibiting Excessive Fibrosis after Contusion in Rabbits

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    Rongguo Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal effects of electroacupuncture (EA on Zusanli (ST36 and Ashi acupoints in promoting skeletal muscle regeneration and inhibiting excessive fibrosis after contusion in rabbits. Sixty rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: normal, contusion, EA, and recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (rhIGF-I. An acute skeletal muscle contusion was produced on the right gastrocnemius (GM by an instrument-based drop-mass technique. EA was performed for 15 minutes every two days with 0.4 mA (2 Hz, and GM injections were executed with rhIGF-I (0.25 mL once a week. Rabbits treated with EA had a higher T-SOD and T-AOC serum activities and lower MDA serum level, the blood perfusion of which was also significantly higher. In the EA group, the diameter of the myofibril was uniform and the arrangement was regular, contrary to the contusion group. The number and diameter of regenerative myofibers and MHC expression were increased in the EA group. EA treatment significantly decreased fibrosis formation and reduced both GDF-8 and p-Smad2/3 expressions in injured muscle. Our data indicate that EA may promote myofiber regeneration and reduce excessive fibrosis by improving blood flow and antioxidant capacities. Additionally, EA may regulate signaling factor expression after contusion.

  11. Single rabbit stomach smooth muscle cell myosin heavy chain SMB expression and shortening velocity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eddinger, T J; Meer, D P

    2001-02-01

    Isolated single smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from different regions of the rabbit stomach were used to determine a possible correlation between unloaded shortening velocity and smooth muscle (SM) myosin heavy chain (MHC) S1 head isoform composition (SMA, no head insert; SMB, with head insert). alpha-Toxin-permeabilized isolated single cells were maximally activated to measure unloaded shortening velocity and subsequently used in an RT-PCR reaction to determine the SMA/SMB content of the same cell. SM MHC SMA and SMB isoforms are uniquely distributed in the stomach with cells from the fundic region expressing little SMB (38.1 +/- 7.3% SMB; n = 16); cells from the antrum express primarily SMB (94.9 +/- 1.0% SMB; n = 16). Mean fundic cell unloaded shortening velocity was 0.014 +/- 0.002 cell lengths/s compared with 0.036 +/- 0.002 for the antrum cells. Unloaded shortening velocity in these cells was significantly correlated with their percent SMB expression (r2 = 0.58). Resting cell length does not correlate with the percent SMB expression (n = 32 cells). Previously published assays of purified or expressed SMA and SMB heavy meromyosin show a twofold difference in actin filament sliding speed in in vitro motility assays. Extrapolation of our data to 0-100% SMB would give a 10-fold range of shortening velocity, which is closer to the approximately 20-fold range reported from various SM tissues. This suggests that mechanisms in addition to the MHC S1 head isoforms regulate shortening velocity.

  12. Iliopsoas Tendon Reformation after Psoas Tendon Release

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    K. Garala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Internal snapping hip syndrome, or psoas tendonitis, is a recognised cause of nonarthritic hip pain. The majority of patients are treated conservatively; however, occasionally patients require surgical intervention. The two surgical options for iliopsoas tendinopathy are step lengthening of the iliopsoas tendon or releasing the tendon at the lesser trochanter. Although unusual, refractory snapping usually occurs soon after tenotomy. We report a case of a 47-year-old active female with internal snapping and pain following an open psoas tenotomy. Postoperatively she was symptom free for 13 years. An MRI arthrogram revealed reformation of a pseudo iliopsoas tendon reinserting into the lesser trochanter. The pain and snapping resolved after repeat iliopsoas tendon release. Reformation of tendons is an uncommon sequela of tenotomies. However the lack of long-term studies makes it difficult to calculate prevalence rates. Tendon reformation should be included in the differential diagnosis of failed tenotomy procedures after a period of symptom relief.

  13. Iliopsoas tendon reformation after psoas tendon release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garala, K; Power, R A

    2013-01-01

    Internal snapping hip syndrome, or psoas tendonitis, is a recognised cause of nonarthritic hip pain. The majority of patients are treated conservatively; however, occasionally patients require surgical intervention. The two surgical options for iliopsoas tendinopathy are step lengthening of the iliopsoas tendon or releasing the tendon at the lesser trochanter. Although unusual, refractory snapping usually occurs soon after tenotomy. We report a case of a 47-year-old active female with internal snapping and pain following an open psoas tenotomy. Postoperatively she was symptom free for 13 years. An MRI arthrogram revealed reformation of a pseudo iliopsoas tendon reinserting into the lesser trochanter. The pain and snapping resolved after repeat iliopsoas tendon release. Reformation of tendons is an uncommon sequela of tenotomies. However the lack of long-term studies makes it difficult to calculate prevalence rates. Tendon reformation should be included in the differential diagnosis of failed tenotomy procedures after a period of symptom relief.

  14. Native myosin from adult rabbit skeletal muscle: isoenzymes and states of aggregation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morel, J E; D'hahan, N; Taouil, K; Francin, M; Aguilar, A; Dalbiez, J P; Merah, Z; Grussaute, H; Hilbert, B; Ollagnon, F; Selva, G; Piot, F

    1998-04-21

    The globular heads of skeletal muscle myosin have been shown to exist as isoenzymes S1 (A1) and S1 (A2), and there are also isoforms of the heavy chains. Using capillary electrophoresis, we found two dominant isoenzymes of the whole native myosin molecule, in agreement with what has previously been found by various techniques for native and nondenatured myosin from adult rabbits. Findings about possible states of aggregation of myosin and its heads are contradictory. By analytical ultracentrifugation, we confirmed the existence of a tail-tail dimer. By laser light scattering, we found a head-head dimer in the presence of MgATP. Capillary electrophoresis coupled with analytical ultracentrifugation and laser light scattering led us to refine these results. We found tail-tail dimers in a conventional buffer. We found tail-tail and head-head dimers in the presence of 0.5 mM MgATP and pure head-head dimers in the presence of 6 mM MgATP. All the dimers were homodimers. Naming the dominant isoenzymes of myosin a and b, we observed tail-tail dimers with isoenzyme a (TaTa) and with isoenzyme b (TbTb) and also head-head dimers with isoenzyme a (HaHa) and with isoenzyme b (HbHb).

  15. Homocysteine and copper interact to promote type 5 phosphodiesterase expression in rabbit cavernosal smooth muscle cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Matthew Hotston; Jamie Y.Jeremy; Jonathon Bloor; Nick S.Greaves; Raj Persad; Giarmi Angelini; Nilima Shukla

    2008-01-01

    Aim: To study the effects of homocysteine and copper on type 5 phosphodiesterase (PDE5) expression in cavernosal vascular smooth muscle cells (CVSMCs) and to investigate superoxide (O2) derived from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase as homocysteine and copper generate O2, and O2- upregulates PDE5 expression.Methods: CVSMCs derived from rabbit penis were incubated with homocysteine or copper chloride with or without superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, sildenafil citrate, or apocynin (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate inhibitor) for 16 h. The expression of PDE5 and of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (internal standard) was assessed using Western blot analysis. In parallel, O2 was measured spectrophotometrically. Results: CuCl2alone (up to 10 μmol/L) and homocysteine alone (up to 100 μmol/L) had no effect on O2 formation in CVSMCs compared to controls. In combination, however, homocysteine and CuCl2 arkedly increased O2 formation, an effect blocked by SOD, catalase, apocynin, and sildenafil (1 μmol/L) when co-incubated over the same time course.PDE5 expression was also significantly increased in CVSMCs incubated with homocysteine and CuCl2, compared to controls. This effect was also negated by 16-h co-incubation with SOD, catalase, apocynin and sildenafil. Conclusion:This represents a novel pathogenic mechanism underlying ED, and indicates that the therapeutic actions of prolonged sildenafil use are mediated in part through inhibition of this pathway.

  16. The influence of cyclic concentric and eccentric submaximal muscle loading on cell viability in the rabbit knee joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horisberger, Monika; Fortuna, Rafael; Leonard, Timothy R; Valderrabano, Victor; Herzog, Walter

    2012-03-01

    Cartilage loading is associated with the onset and progression of osteoarthritis and cell death may play an important role in these processes. Although much is known about cell death in joint impact loading, there is no information on joints loaded by muscular contractions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of muscle generated eccentric and concentric submaximal joint loading on chondrocyte viability. We hypothesised that eccentric muscle activation leads to increased cell death rates compared to concentric loading and to controls. 16 rabbits received either 50 min of uni-lateral, cyclic eccentric (n=8) or concentric (n=8) knee loading. Muscle activation for these dynamic conditions was equivalent to an activation level that produced 20% of maximum isometric force. Contralateral joints served as unloaded controls. Cell viability was assessed using confocal microscopy. Eccentric contractions produced greater knee loading than concentric contractions. Sub-maximal contractions caused a significant increase in cell death in the loaded knees compared to the unloaded controls, and eccentric loading caused significantly more cell death than concentric loading. Cyclic sub-maximal muscle loading of the knee caused increased chondrocyte death in rabbits. These findings suggest that low levels of joint loading for prolonged periods, as occurs in endurance exercise or physical labour, may cause chondrocyte death, thereby predisposing joints to degeneration. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. The Effect of Dietary Linseed Oil and Organic Selenium on Growth Performance and Muscle Fatty Acids in Growing Rabbits

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    Ahmed A. Saleh, Tarek A. Ebeid and Yahya Z. Eid*

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a combined in-feed of linseed oil and organic selenium on growth performance and muscle fatty acid profiles in growing rabbits. A total of 4-week-old sixty male growing New Zealand white rabbits (average weight 531±5g were collected and equally divided into 3 groups. The control group was fed on a control diet, whereas the treatment groups were fed on diets contained 2.5% linseed oil with or without 0.3 ppm organic selenium. All experimental treatments were provided from 4 to 10 weeks of age. Although feed intake was decreased significantly (P<0.05 by the dietary linseed oil and organic selenium, body weight gain was significantly (P<0.05 increased. Both plasma and muscle total cholesterol decreased with the decrease of abdominal fat. However, plasma concentrations of HDL-cholesterol and glutathione peroxidase were increased significantly (P<0.05 by dietary supplementation of linseed oil and organic selenium. Furthermore, in the muscles, saturated fatty acids were decreased; meanwhile, unsaturated fatty acids were increased that may refer to the use of linseed oil and organic selenium. In conclusion, the present study clearly shows that growth performance was improved. Muscle lipid profile could be modified by a combined in-feed of linseed oil and organic selenium to the growing rabbit’s diet.

  18. Electrophysiological effects of haloperidol on isolated rabbit Purkinje fibers and guinea pigs papillary muscles under normal and simulated ischemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong YAN; Lu-feng CHENG; Hong-yan SONG; Subat TURDI; Parhat KERRAM

    2007-01-01

    Aim: Overdoses of haloperidol are associated with major ventricular arrhythmias,cardiac conduction block, and sudden death. The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of haloperidol on the action potentials in cardiac Purkinje fibers and papillary muscles under normal and simulated ischemia conditions in rabbits and guinea pigs. Methods: Using the standard intracellular microelectrode technique, we examined the effects of haloperidol on the action potential param-eters [action potential amplitude (APA), phase 0 maximum upstroke velocity (Vmax),action potential amplitude at 90% of repolarization (APD90), and effective refrac-tory period (ERP)] in rabbit cardiac Purkinje fibers and guinea pig cardiac papillary cells, in which both tissues were under simulated ischemic conditions. Results: Under ischemic conditions, different concentrations of haloperidol depressed APA and prolonged APD90 in a concentration-dependent manner in rabbit Purkinje fibers. Haloperidol (3 μmol/L) significantly depressed APA and prolonged APD90,and from 1 μmol/L, haloperidol showed significant depression on Vmax; ERP was not significantly affected. In guinea pig cardiac papillary muscles, the thresholds of significant reduction in APA, Vmax, EPR, and APD90 were 10, 0.3, 1, and 1 μmol/L, respectively, for haloperidol. Conclusion: Compared with cardiac con-ductive tissues, papillary muscles were more sensitive to ischemic conditions. Under ischemia, haloperidol prolonged ERP and APD90 in a concentration-depen-dent manner and precipitated the decrease in Vmax induced by ischemia. The shortening of ERP and APD90 in papillary muscle action potentials may be inhibi-ted by haloperidol.

  19. Antioxidant properties of berberine on cultured rabbit corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells injured by hydrogen peroxide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan TAN; Qiang TANG; Ben-rong HU; Ji-zhou XIANG

    2007-01-01

    Aim: To investigate the antioxidant properties of berberine (Ber) on corpus cavenosum smooth muscle cells (CCSMC) in penile erectile dysfunction. Methods: We examined the effects of Ber on cultured rabbit CCSMC damaged by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) through examining cell viability by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay and assessing the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, nitric oxide (NO) products, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) re- lease in cells after stimulation with H202. Results: Treatment with 1 mmol/L H2O2 significantly decreased the cell viability, NO products, and SOD activity of CCSMC from 100% to 48.57%+4.1% (P<0.01), 66.8±16.3 to 6.7±2.1 μmol/L (P<0.01), and 49.5±1.8 to 30.1±2.6 U/mL (P<0.01), respectively, and increased LDH release and MDA content from 497.6±69.5 to 1100.5±56.3 U/L (P<0.01) and 3.7±1.3 to 78.4±2.9 nmol/mg protein (P<0.01), respectively. However, treatment with different con- centrations of Ber (10-1000 μmol/L) inhibited the damaging effects of H2O2, with increased cell viability (P<0.05 or P<0.01), NO production (P<0.01), and SOD activity (P<0.01) and decreased LDH release and MDA content (both P<0.01). Conclusion: Bet could produce its antioxidant action on oxidative stress-induced cultured CCSMC. These effects may be of benefit in the prevention of penile erectile dysfunction.

  20. Usefulness of diagnostic ultrasound for detecting myofascial change of the hamstring muscles due to lmmobilization: Experimental study with caged rabbits

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    Kang, Yoon Kyoo; Kim, Joo Hyun; Lee, Chang Hyung; Kim, Jung Ryul; Kim, Han Kyum [Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-03-15

    To evaluate the usefulness of diagnostic ultrasound in the localization of soft tissue changes in the region of clinically suspected myofascial pain syndrome and to investigate the ultrasonographic and pathologic differences of the hamstring muscles between caged and freely mobile rabbits. A total of eight caged rabbits were used in this study. Four rabbits (age; two were 3-4 months, and the other two were 8-9 months) were raised in a small cage (40 X 50 X 30 cm), and the other four rabbits (age; two were 3-4 months while the other two 8-9 months) raised in a yard where they were free to move around. First, clinically identified myofascial trigger point-taut band or nodule was identified followed by diagnostic ultrasound examination of the hamstring and gluteus muscles and injection of Indian ink of the band or nodule. Biopsies were performed to include the hyperechoic regions as well as clinically identified myofascial trigger points, and the obtained specimens were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and masson-trichrome. The analysis of the results of the ultrasound study and pathologic study found correlation between the pathologic identification of myofascial trigger point and diagnostic ultrasound, where palpable nodules of caged animal, older more than younger one should greater extent of increment of echogenicity and degenerative pathologic changes such as fatty changes and appearance of hyaline fibers. Diagnostic ultrasound could be applied to identify or observe soft tissue changes in the regions of clinically identified myofascial trigger points. A pattern has emerged where soft tissue changes were ore likely to be observed in the caged animal where their movements were restricted and prone to fixed position. Further study to investigate the reversibility of pathologic changes of caged animal should be carried out.

  1. Psoas over the brim lengthenings. Anatomic investigation and surgical technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skaggs, D L; Kaminsky, C K; Eskander-Rickards, E; Reynolds, R A; Tolo, V T; Bassett, G S

    1997-06-01

    Lengthening of the psoas tendon commonly is performed for various conditions of the hip including developmental dysplasia and neuromuscular contractures and instability. Anecdotal reports of injury to surrounding neurovascular structures suggest an investigation of the local anatomy is warranted. Using magnetic resonance images from 54 children younger than 10 years, the authors examined the anatomic relationship between major neurovascular structures (femoral artery and vein, external iliac artery and vein, femoral nerve) and the psoas tendon. The mean distance between the neurovascular structures and the psoas tendon in the over the brim position is 1 cm, although it may be as close as 4 mm in a child. The mean distance is 3.1 cm at the tendon's insertion at the lesser trochanter. Surgeons performing psoas over the brim lengthenings should be aware that major neurovascular structures may be only 4 mm from the psoas tendon. The recommended surgical technique is presented.

  2. EFFECT OF STENT ABSORBED c-myc ANTISENSE OLIGODEOXYNUCLEOTIDE ON SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS APOPTOSIS IN RABBIT CAROTID ARTERY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新霞; 崔长琮; 李江; 崔翰斌; 徐仓宝; 朱参战

    2002-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of gelatin coated Platinium-Iridium stent absorbed c-myc antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on smooth muscle cells apoptosis in a normal rabbit carotid arteries. Methods Gelatin coated Platinium-Iridium stents were implanted in the right carotid arteries of 32 rabbits under vision. Animals were randomly divided into control group and treated group receiving c-myc ASODN (n=16, respectively). On 7, 14, 30 and 90 days following the stenting procedure ,morphometry for caculation of neointimal area and mean neointimal thickness were performed.The expression of c-myc protein was detected by immunohistochemical method. Apoptotic smooth muscle cells was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). Results At 7 and 14 days after stenting,there were no detectable apoptotic cells in both groups. The apoptotic cells occurred in the neointima 30 and 90 days after stenting, and the number of apoptotic cells at 30 days were less [4.50±1.29 vs 25.75±1.89 (number/0.1mm2)] than that at 90 days [13.50±1.91 vs 41.50±6.46 (number/0.1mm2)]. Meanwhile c-myc ASODN induced more apoptotic cells than the control group(P<0.0001). c-myc protein expression was weak positive or negative in treated group and positive in control group.Conclusion c-myc ASODN can induce smooth muscle cells apoptosis after stenting in normal rabbit carotid arteries,and it can be used to prevent in-stent restenosis.

  3. The active centre of rabbit muscle triose phosphate isomerase. The site that is labelled by glycidol phosphate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, J C; Waley, S G

    1971-06-01

    1. Glycidol (2,3-epoxypropanol) phosphate is a specific irreversible inhibitor of rabbit muscle triose phosphate isomerase (EC 5.3.1.1); the site of attachment has now been studied. 2. The labelled enzyme was digested with pepsin and a modified peptide isolated. The sequence of the peptide is: Ala-Tyr-Glu-Pro-Val-Trp. 3. It is the glutamic acid residue in this peptide that is labelled: the peptide is thus a gamma-glutamyl ester derived from glycerol phosphoric acid. The same site is labelled by a mixture of glycidol and inorganic phosphate. 4. Kinetic and stereochemical features of these reactions are discussed.

  4. The masticatory system under varying functional load. Part 1: Structural adaptation of rabbit jaw muscles to reduced masticatory load.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vreeke, Marloes; Langenbach, Geerling E J; Korfage, Joannes A M; Zentner, Andrej; Grünheid, Thorsten

    2011-08-01

    Skeletal muscle fibres can change their myosin heavy-chain (MyHC) isoform and cross-sectional area, which determine their contraction velocity and maximum force generation, respectively, to adapt to varying functional loads. In general, reduced muscle activity induces transition towards faster fibres and a decrease in fibre cross-sectional area. In order to investigate the effect of a reduction in masticatory load on three functionally different jaw muscles, the MyHC composition and the corresponding cross-sectional area of fibres were determined in the superficial masseter, superficial temporalis, and digastric muscles of male juvenile New Zealand White rabbits that had been raised on a soft diet (n=8) from 8 to 20 weeks of age and in those of normal diet controls (n=8). Differences between groups were tested for statistical significance using a Mann-Whitney rank sum test. The proportion and cross-sectional area of fibres co-expressing MyHC-I and MyHC-cardiac alpha were significantly smaller in the masseter muscles of the animals that had been fed soft food than in those of the controls. In contrast, the proportions and cross-sectional areas of the various fibre types in the temporalis and digastric muscles did not differ significantly between the groups. The results suggest that reducing the masticatory load during development affects the contraction velocity and maximum force generation of the jaw-closing muscles that are primarily responsible for force generation during chewing. These muscles adapt structurally to the reduced functional load with changes in the MyHC composition and cross-sectional area mainly within their slow fibre compartment.

  5. The Effect of Monochromatic Infrared Photo Energy on the Irritability of Myofascial Trigger Spot of Rabbit Skeletal Muscle

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    Ta-Shen Kuan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine whether the vasodilatation effect of monochromatic infrared photo energy (MIRE had the potential for the treatment of myofascial trigger spot (MTrS in rabbits. Design. A randomized-controlled animal study. Subjects. Twelve adult New Zealand rabbits. Methods. For each rabbit, a MTrS (equivalent to a myofascial trigger point in humans in one side of the biceps femoris muscle was randomly selected for MIRE treatment (experimental side, while another MTrS in the other side (control side received a sham treatment. The intervention consisted of a daily 40 minutes treatment, three times per week for 2 weeks. The prevalence of endplate noise (EPN loci in the MTrS was assessed before, immediately after, and one week after the completion of the 2-week treatment. Results. MIRE could suppress the prevalence of EPN in the MTrS. The degree of reduction in EPN prevalence in the MTrS between the experimental side and the control side was significantly different immediately after MIRE treatment, but not significantly different one week after MIRE treatment. Conclusion. Our study suggests that MIRE may be a useful therapeutic option for the management of the myofascial trigger point in humans.

  6. Bilateral Psoas Haematomata Complicating Renal Transplantation

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    Jacob A. Akoh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The challenge in managing patients undergoing renal transplantation is how to achieve optimum levels of anticoagulation to avoid both clotting and postoperative bleeding. We report a rare case of severe postoperative retroperitoneal bleeding including psoas haematomata complicating renal transplantation. Case Report. SM, a 55-year-old female, had a past history of aortic valve replacement, cerebrovascular event, and thoracic aortic aneurysm and was on long-term warfarin that was switched to enoxaparin 60 mg daily a week prior to her living donor transplantation. Postoperatively, she was started on a heparin infusion, but this was complicated by a large retroperitoneal bleed requiring surgical evacuation on the first postoperative day. Four weeks later, she developed features compatible with acute femoral neuropathy and a CT scan revealed bilateral psoas haematomata. Following conservative management, she made steady progress and was discharged home via a community hospital 94 days after transplantation. At her last visit 18 months after transplantation, she had returned to full fitness with excellent transplant function. Conclusion. Patients in established renal failure who require significant anticoagulation are at increased risk of bleeding that may involve prolonged hospitalisation and more protracted recovery and patients should be carefully counselled about this.

  7. Plasma bupivacaine concentrations following psoas compartment block.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odoom, J A; Zuurmond, W W; Sih, I L; Bovill, J; Osterlöf, G; Oosting, H V

    1986-02-01

    Fourteen patients undergoing hip replacement surgery under psoas compartment block combined with general anaesthesia were studied. Group 1 (n = 7) received plain and Group 2 (n = 7) received 0.25% bupivacaine with adrenaline. The mean maximum peak concentrations were 1.93 (SEM 0.46) micrograms/ml and 1.04 (SEM 0.19) micrograms/ml at 10 minutes in groups 1 and 2 respectively. Bupivacaine concentrations were higher at all times in the group which received plain than the group receiving solution containing adrenaline. These differences were statistically significant at 10, 15 (p less than 0.05) and 30 minutes (p less than 0.025). The highest recorded plasma bupivacaine concentration was 4.54 micrograms/ml in one patient receiving plain bupivacaine. No patient developed any signs of toxic symptoms. The duration of analgesia was longer (p less than 0.005) in the group receiving bupivacaine with adrenaline. Bupivacaine 0.25% with adrenaline 1:200 000 is safe for psoas compartment block, and is recommended for hip surgery.

  8. Sequential alterations in the diameters of capillaries in rabbit skeletal muscle following deep transverse friction - a morphometric study

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    M. A. Gregory

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The precise mechanisms by which massage promotes repair in injured soft tissue are unknown. Various authorshave attributed the beneficial effects of massage to vasodilation and increased skin and muscle blood flow. The aim of this study was to determine whether deep transverse friction massage (DTF causes capillary vasodilation in untraumatised skeletal muscle. Setting: Academic institution.Interventions: Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were anaesthetised and the left biceps femoris muscle received 10 minutes of DTF. Following treatment, wedge biopsies were taken from the musclewithin 10 minutes of treatment (R1 - 4, 24 hours (R5 - 8 and 6 days(R9 - 12 after treatment. To serve as controls, similar biopsies weretaken from the right biceps femoris of animals. The samples were fixed, dehydrated and embedded in epoxy resin.Transverse sections (1µm of muscle were cut, stained with 1% aqueous alkaline toluidine blue and examined with a light microscope using a 40X objective. Images containing capillaries were captured using an image analyser with SIS software and the cross sectional diameters of at least 60 capillaries were measured from each specimen. Main Outcome Measures: Changes in capillary diameter. Results: The mean capillary diameters in control muscle averaged 4.76 µm. DTF caused a significant immediate increase of 17.3% in cross sectional area (p<0.001, which was not significantly increased by 10.0% after 24 hours (p>0.05. Six days after treatment the cross-sectional area of the treated muscle was 7.6% smaller than the controls. Conclusions: This confirms the contention that DTF stimulates muscle blood flow immediately after treatment and this may account for its beneficial effects in certain conditions. 

  9. A monovalent ion-selective cation current activated by noradrenaline in smooth muscle cells of rabbit ear artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Q; Hogg, R C; Large, W A

    1993-04-01

    Membrane currents were recorded with the perforated-patch method with a low-chloride (35 mM) pipette solution in isolated smooth muscle cells of the rabbit ear artery. At a holding potential of -50 mV in potassium-free conditions spontaneous inward single-channel currents were observed and noradrenaline evoked a noisy inward current, which appeared to be comprised of the spontaneous currents. The reversal potential (Vr) of the spontaneous channel and noradrenaline-induced current was not affected in anion-substitution experiments but Vr was altered when external Na+ was replaced with choline or TRIS. The relationship between clamp potential and spontaneous single-channel current amplitude was linear and the mean unitary conductance was 28 pS. Caffeine, which releases calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and the calcium ionophore ionomycin activated the cation current and also blocked the response to noradrenaline. Spontaneous channel current activity and the noradrenaline-induced current were blocked when external NaCl was replaced with 89 mM CaCl2. The response to noradrenaline was blocked by prazosin but was not affected by yohimbine and therefore the response is mediated by alpha 1-adrenoceptors. It is concluded that in rabbit ear artery smooth muscle cells there is a calcium-activated cation channel of 28 pS conductance, which is relatively impermeable to calcium but can be activated by noradrenaline.

  10. Remote Dose-Dependent Effects of Dry Needling at Distant Myofascial Trigger Spots of Rabbit Skeletal Muscles on Reduction of Substance P Levels of Proximal Muscle and Spinal Cords

    OpenAIRE

    Yueh-Ling Hsieh; Chen-Chia Yang; Szu-Yu Liu; Li-Wei Chou; Chang-Zern Hong

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dry needling at distant myofascial trigger points is an effective pain management in patients with myofascial pain. However, the biochemical effects of remote dry needling are not well understood. This study evaluates the remote effects of dry needling with different dosages on the expressions of substance P (SP) in the proximal muscle, spinal dorsal horns of rabbits. Methods. Male New Zealand rabbits (2.5–3.0 kg) received dry needling at myofascial trigger spots of a gastrocnemiu...

  11. The effect of thin filament activation on the attachment of weak binding cross-bridges: A two-dimensional x-ray diffraction study on single muscle fibers.

    OpenAIRE

    Kraft, T; Xu, S.; Brenner, B; Yu, L C

    1999-01-01

    To study possible structural changes in weak cross-bridge attachment to actin upon activation of the thin filament, two-dimensional (2D) x-ray diffraction patterns of skinned fibers from rabbit psoas muscle were recorded at low and high calcium concentration in the presence of saturating concentrations of MgATPgammaS, a nucleotide analog for weak binding states. We also studied 2D x-ray diffraction patterns recorded under relaxing conditions at an ionic strength above and below 50 mM, because...

  12. The effect of housing conditions on Biceps femoris muscle fibre properties, fatty acid composition, performance and carcass traits of slow-growing rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdenek Volek

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of stocking density on the biceps femoris (BF muscle fibre properties, meat quality, the growth performance and carcass traits of Czech White rabbits.  A total of 20 rabbits (40 days old, 10 rabbits per treatment, sex ratio 1/1 were reared in cages at different stocking densities (10 rabbits/m2 or 4 rabbits/m2 for 49 days. Stocking density had no significant effect on the growth performance. There were no significant differences between groups with regard to hot carcass weight (HCW or dressing-out percentage. The proportions of both perirenal (9.5 vs. 15.9 g/kg HCW; P=0.010 and total dissectible fat (14.9 vs. 25.1 g/kg HCW; P=0.001 were lower in rabbits reared at the lower stocking density. No significant differences in ultimate pH values, meat colour or proximate composition were observed. The hind leg meat of rabbits reared at the lower stocking density contained significantly less lauric (4.6 vs. 6.7 mg/100 g of muscle; P=0.008 and myristic acid (52.2 vs. 64.4 mg/100 g of muscle; P=0.033. Significantly higher percentages of βR fibres (16.3 vs. 6.5 %, P=0.001 and αR fibres (24.5 vs. 14.2 %; P=0.001 and a significantly lower percentage of αW fibres (59.2 vs. 79.3 %; P=0.001 were also observed in these rabbits. The mean cross-sectional area (1882 vs. 2744 μm2; P=0.001 and diameter (47.9 vs. 58.5 μm; P=0.001 of βR fibres were smaller in rabbits reared at the lower stocking density. Thus, the lower stocking density favourably affected the medium-chain fatty acid profile of meat and fibre characteristics of the rabbits' biceps femoris muscle.

  13. Daily activity of the rabbit jaw muscles during early postnatal development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Wessel, T.; Langenbach, G.E.J.; Brugman, P.; Korfage, J.A.M.; van Eijden, T.M.G.J.

    2006-01-01

    Early postnatal development of the jaw muscles is characterized by the transition from suckling to chewing behavior. As chewing develops the jaw closing muscles become more powerful compared with the jaw openers. These changes are likely to affect the amount of daily muscle activity. Therefore, the

  14. Influence of botulinum toxin on rabbit jaw muscle activity and anatomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korfage, J.A.M.; Wang, J.; Lie, S.H.J.T.J.; Langenbach, G.E.J.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Muscles can adapt their fiber properties to accommodate to new conditions. We investigated the extent to which a decrease in muscle activation can cause an adaptation of fiber properties in synergistic and antagonistic jaw muscles. Methods: Three months after the injection of botulinum

  15. Enhancing tissue permeability with MRI guided preclinical focused ultrasound system in rabbit muscle: From normal tissue to VX2 tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yao; Xiong, Xiaobing; Pandya, Darpan; Jung, Youngkyoo; Mintz, Akiva; Hayasaka, Satoru; Wadas, Thaddeus J; Li, King C P

    2017-06-28

    High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is an emerging noninvasive, nonionizing physical energy based modality to ablate solid tumors with high power, or increase local permeability in tissues/tumors in pulsed mode with relatively low power. Compared with traditional ablative HIFU, nondestructive pulsed HIFU (pHIFU) is present in the majority of novel applications recently developed for enhancing the delivery of drugs and genes. Previous studies have demonstrated the capability of pHIFU to change tissue local permeability for enhanced drug delivery in both mouse tumors and mouse muscle. Further study based on bulk tissues in large animals and clinical HIFU system revealed correlation between therapeutic effect and thermal parameters, which was absent in the previous mouse studies. In this study, we further investigated the relation between the therapeutic effect of pHIFU and thermal parameters in bulky normal muscle tissues based on a rabbit model and a preclinical HIFU system. Correlation between therapeutic effect and thermal parameters was confirmed in our study on the same bulk tissues although different HIFU systems were used. Following the study in bulky normal muscle tissues, we further created bulky tumor model with VX2 tumors implanted on both hind limbs of rabbits and investigated the feasibility to enhance tumor permeability in bulky VX2 tumors in a rabbit model using pHIFU technique. A radiolabeled peptidomimetic integrin antagonist, (111)In-DOTA-IA, was used following pHIFU treatment in our study to target VX2 tumor and serve as the radiotracer for follow-up single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scanning. The results have shown significantly elevated uptake of (111)In-DOTA-IA in the area of VX2 tumors pretreated by pHIFU compared with the control VX2 tumors not being pretreated by pHIFU, and statistical analysis revealed averaged 34.5% enhancement 24h after systematic delivery of (111)In-DOTA-IA in VX2 tumors pretreated by pHIFU compared

  16. Phosphorylation of anchoring protein by calmodulin protein kinase associated to the sarcoplasmic reticulum of rabbit fast-twitch muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damiani, E; Sacchetto, R; Margreth, A

    2000-12-09

    Regulatory phosphorylation of phospholamban and of SR Ca(2+)-ATPase SERCA2a isoform by endogenous CaM-K II in slow-twitch skeletal and cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is well documented, but much less is known of the exact functional role of CaM K II in fast-twitch muscle SR. Recently, it was shown that RNA splicing of brain-specific alpha CaM K II, gives rise to a truncated protein (alpha KAP), consisting mainly of the association domain, serving to anchor CaM K II to SR membrane in rat skeletal muscle [Bayer, K.-U., et al. (1998) EMBO J. 19, 5598-5605]. In the present study, we searched for the presence of alpha KAP in sucrose-density purified SR membrane fractions from representative fast-twitch and slow-twitch limb muscles, both of the rabbit and the rat, using immunoblot techniques and antibody directed against the association domain of alpha CaM K II. Putative alpha KAP was immunodetected as a 23-kDa electrophoretic component on SDS-PAGE of the isolated SR from fast-twitch but not from slow-twitch muscle, and was further identified as a specific substrate of endogenous CaM K II, in the rabbit. Immunodetected, (32)P-labeled, non-calmodulin binding protein, behaved as a single 23-kDa protein species under several electrophoretic conditions. The 23-kDa protein, with defined properties, was isolated as a complex with 60-kDa delta CaM K II isoform, by sucrose-density sedimentation analysis. Moreover, we show here that putative alphaKAP, in spite of its inability to bind CaM in ligand blot overlay, co-eluted with delta CaM K II from CaM-affinity columns. That raises the question of whether CaM K II-mediated phosphorylation of alpha KAP and triadin together might be involved in a molecular signaling pathway important for SR Ca(2+)-release in fast-twitch muscle SR.

  17. Effect of contraction on lymphatic, venous, and tissue electr-lytes and metabolites in rabbit skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tibes, U; Haberkorn-Butendeich, E; Hammersen, F

    1977-04-25

    The effect of muscle contraction on lymphatic and plasma [K+], [Na+], [Ca2+], [Mg2+], [Cl-], [Pi], [lactate] ([Lac-]); [creatine] ([Cr]), ideal osmolality (OSM), and [protein] was evaluated in femoral venous blood and lymph specimens sampled from the calf muscles of rabbits before, in the course of, and after contractions. In addition, total [K+], [Na+], [Ca2+], [Mg2+], [Cl-], and [H2O] were analyzed in the muscle tissue. To facilitate lymph sampling both hind limbs were passively flexed and extended, in imitation of natural running movements, by an electrically driven crank. The muscles of one side also performed superimposed rhythmic isotonic contractions. Before contractions, lymphatic [K+], [Na+], [Ca2+], [Mg2+], [Lac-], [Cr], and OSM did not significantly differ from corresponding femoral venous concentrations, [Cl-], and [Pi] were significantly higher, [protein] significantly lower in the lymph than in the plasma. During contractions lymphatic [K+], OSM, [Lac-], and [Pi] were raised significantly more in the lymph compared with the plasma concentrations. [Na+], [Cl-], [Ca2+], and [Mg2+] showed only small changes in the course of contractions and thereafter, and they were altered in a similar way in the lymph and plasma. It was suggested that lymphatic and interstitial concentrations were in equilibrium. Comparing inactive with active muscles, the latter lost K+ but gained Na+, Cl-, and H2O, whereas minimal changes occurred in the [Ca2+] and [Mg2+]. The changes were discussed in connection with the hypothesis that electrolyte shifts might be involved in the activation of the muscular non-proprioceptive interstitial nerve endings which appear to play a role in reflexogenic cardiovascular and respiratory control.

  18. Skinned fibres produce the same power and force as intact fibre bundles from muscle of wild rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Nancy A; Diack, Rebecca A; West, Timothy G; Wilson, Alan M; Woledge, Roger C

    2015-09-01

    Skinned fibres have advantages for comparing the muscle properties of different animal species because they can be prepared from a needle biopsy taken under field conditions. However, it is not clear how well the contractile properties of skinned fibres reflect the properties of the muscle fibres in vivo. Here, we compare the mechanical performance of intact fibre bundles and skinned fibres from muscle of the same animals. This is the first such direct comparison. Maximum power and isometric force were measured at 25 °C using peroneus longus (PL) and extensor digiti-V (ED-V) muscles from wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). More than 90% of the fibres in these muscles are fast-twitch, type 2 fibres. Maximum power was measured in force-clamp experiments. We show that maximum power per volume was the same in intact (121.3 ± 16.1 W l(-1), mean ± s.e.m.; N=16) and skinned (122.6 ± 4.6 W l(-1); N=141) fibres. Maximum relative power (power/F(IM) Lo, where F(IM) is maximum isometric force and Lo is standard fibre length) was also similar in intact (0.645 ± 0.037; N=16) and skinned (0.589 ± 0.019; N=141) fibres. Relative power is independent of volume and thus not subject to errors in measurement of volume. Finally, maximum isometric force per cross-sectional area was also found to be the same for intact and skinned fibres (181.9 kPa ± 19.1; N=16; 207.8 kPa ± 4.8; N=141, respectively). These results contrast with previous measurements of performance at lower temperatures where skinned fibres produce much less power than intact fibres from both mammals and non-mammalian species. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  19. Bloqueio do plexo lombar no compartimento do psoas para analgesia pós-operatória em cirurgias ortopédicas Lumbar plexus blockage on psoas compartment for postoperative analgesia after orthopaedic surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: O plexo lombar foi localizado entre os músculos quadrado lombar e psoas maior. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da injeção única de bupivacaína 0,25% através do bloqueio do compartimento do psoas na analgesia pós-operatória em pacientes de cirurgias ortopédicas. MÉTODO: Quarenta pacientes receberam bloqueio do plexo lombar no compartimento do psoas através da localização com estimulador de nervos e injeção de bupivacaína a 0,25%. Avaliou-se a analgesia e a intensidade da dor às 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 e 24 horas após o término da cirurgia, assim como opióides de resgate. RESULTADOS: Os nervos ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, cutâneo femoral lateral, femoral e obturatório foram bloqueados em 90% dos pacientes. O bloqueio reduziu o regaste de opióides administrados, sendo que 52,5% dos pacientes não necessitaram de complementação analgésica, com duração de 24 horas. Não foram observados sinais e sintomas clínicos da toxicidade da bupivacaína, nem seqüelas associadas com o bloqueio dos nervos. CONCLUSÕES: Este estudo mostra que a injeção no espaço do compartimento do psoas é fácil de realizar com efetivo bloqueio dos cinco nervos. O bloqueio do plexo lombar no compartimento do psoas pode ser recomendado para o uso na analgesia pós-operatória após cirurgias ortopédicas.OBJECTIVES: The lumbar plexus is located between the quadratus lumborum and the psoas major muscles. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a single 0.25% bupivacaine injection through the psoas compartment blockage in postoperative analgesia of patients undergoing orthopedic surgery. METHODS: 40 patients received lumbar plexus blockage at the psoas compartment through nerve stimulator and a 0.25% bupivacaine 40-ml injection. Analgesia and pain severity were evaluated at 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 hours after surgery, similarly to rescue opioids. RESULTS: The ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, lateral cutaneous of the

  20. Divergent selection on 63-day body weight in the rabbit: response on growth, carcass and muscle traits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Combes Sylvie

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The effects of selection for growth rate on weights and qualitative carcass and muscle traits were assessed by comparing two lines selected for live body weight at 63 days of age and a cryopreserved control population raised contemporaneously with generation 5 selected rabbits. The animals were divergently selected for five generations for either a high (H line or a low (L line body weight, based on their BLUP breeding value. Heritability (h2 was 0.22 for 63-d body weight (N = 4754. Growth performance and quantitative carcass traits in the C group were intermediate between the H and L lines (N = 390. Perirenal fat proportion (h2 = 0.64 and dressing out percentage (h2 = 0.55 ranked in the order L Semitendinosus muscle, and the mean diameter of the constitutive myofibres were reduced in the L line only (N = 140. In the Longissimus muscle (N = 180, the ultimate pH (h2 = 0.16 and the maximum shear force reached in the Warner-Braztler test (h2 = 0.57 were slightly modified by selection.

  1. Dry Needling at Myofascial Trigger Spots of Rabbit Skeletal Muscles Modulates the Biochemicals Associated with Pain, Inflammation, and Hypoxia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueh-Ling Hsieh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose. Dry needling is an effective therapy for the treatment of pain associated with myofascial trigger point (MTrP. However, the biochemical effects of dry needling that are associated with pain, inflammation, and hypoxia are unclear. This study investigated the activities of β-endorphin, substance P, TNF-α, COX-2, HIF-1α, iNOS, and VEGF after different dosages of dry needling at the myofascial trigger spots (MTrSs of a skeletal muscle in rabbit. Materials and Methods. Dry needling was performed either with one dosage (1D or five dosages (5D into the biceps femoris with MTrSs in New Zealand rabbits. Biceps femoris, serum, and dorsal root ganglion (DRG were sampled immediately and 5 d after dry needling for β-endorphin, substance P, TNF-α, COX-2, HIF-1α, iNOS, and VEGF immunoassays. Results. The 1D treatment enhanced the β-endorphin levels in the biceps femoris and serum and reduced substance P in the biceps femoris and DRG. The 5D treatment reversed these effects and was accompanied by increase of TNF-α, COX-2, HIF-1α, iNOS, and VEGF production in the biceps femoris. Moreover, the higher levels of these biochemicals were still maintained 5 d after treatment. Conclusion. Dry needling at the MTrSs modulates various biochemicals associated with pain, inflammation, and hypoxia in a dose-dependent manner.

  2. Dry Needling at Myofascial Trigger Spots of Rabbit Skeletal Muscles Modulates the Biochemicals Associated with Pain, Inflammation, and Hypoxia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Yueh-Ling; Yang, Shun-An; Yang, Chen-Chia; Chou, Li-Wei

    2012-01-01

    Background and Purpose. Dry needling is an effective therapy for the treatment of pain associated with myofascial trigger point (MTrP). However, the biochemical effects of dry needling that are associated with pain, inflammation, and hypoxia are unclear. This study investigated the activities of β-endorphin, substance P, TNF-α, COX-2, HIF-1α, iNOS, and VEGF after different dosages of dry needling at the myofascial trigger spots (MTrSs) of a skeletal muscle in rabbit. Materials and Methods. Dry needling was performed either with one dosage (1D) or five dosages (5D) into the biceps femoris with MTrSs in New Zealand rabbits. Biceps femoris, serum, and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) were sampled immediately and 5 d after dry needling for β-endorphin, substance P, TNF-α, COX-2, HIF-1α, iNOS, and VEGF immunoassays. Results. The 1D treatment enhanced the β-endorphin levels in the biceps femoris and serum and reduced substance P in the biceps femoris and DRG. The 5D treatment reversed these effects and was accompanied by increase of TNF-α, COX-2, HIF-1α, iNOS, and VEGF production in the biceps femoris. Moreover, the higher levels of these biochemicals were still maintained 5 d after treatment. Conclusion. Dry needling at the MTrSs modulates various biochemicals associated with pain, inflammation, and hypoxia in a dose-dependent manner. PMID:23346198

  3. Growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and muscle amino-acid profile of different rabbits breeds and their crosses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasr, Mohammed A F; Abd-Elhamid, Tamer; Hussein, Mohamed A

    2017-12-01

    Meat production efficiency can be enhanced by crossbreeding to capture heterosis. This study aimed to investigate the impact of rabbit genotype on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality and amino acids profile. A total of 504 weaned rabbits from nine genotypes of full factorial crossing of New Zealand White (NZW), Californian (CA) and Rex (RX) were used. Longissimus thoracis et lumborum muscles were assessed for meat quality and amino acids profile. There were no differences between groups at weaning and 6weeks, but by 10weeks differences were significant (P<0.001) and the numerically heaviest groups were CA×RX and RX×NZW (1970g, P<0.001) with to some extent better amino acids profile. In conclusion, RX growth performance was improved by crossing CA sire with RX dam and RX sire with NZW dam and to have dual purpose breed with better growth performance without hazard on carcass and meat quality. CA×RX and RX×NZW had the heaviest body weight at 10weeks of age and highest body weight gain during the whole finishing period. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Proliferation and C-myc Gene Expression of Smooth Muscle Cells in Rabbit Carotid Artery after Stenting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新霞; 崔长琮; 胡雪松; 魏文斌; 李松; 许香广

    2004-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the proliferation of smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and the expression of c-myc gene in rabbit carotid arteries after stenting. Methods Platinium-Iridium stent were implanted into the right carotid arteries of 16 rabbits under vision. 7,14,30 and 90 days after the stenting procedure, morphological changes of VSMCs were observed under light and transmission electron microscope. The c-myc gene expression was detected by in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemical staining. Results 7 days after stenting, the phenotype of VSMCs changed from contractile to synthetic phenotype; there were a number of proliferative VSMCs in the neointima. At 14 and 30 days, there were synthetic and transitive VSMCs. At 90 days, the phenotype of VSMCs recovered to contractile phenotype.The ultrastructure of typical synthetic phenotype of VSMCs were round, containing a large amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. Cmyc expression were positive both by ISH and immunohistochemical staining. Conclusions C-myc gene expression increases and closely relates to VSMCs proliferation after stenting. It may play an important role in the in-stent restenosis.

  5. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline inhibits voltage-dependent K+ channels in rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    HAN SOL KIM; HONGLIANG LI; HYE WON KIM; SUNG EUN SHIN; IL-WHAN CHOI; AMY L FIRTH; HYOWEON BANG; YOUNG MIN BAE; WON SUN PARK

    2016-12-01

    We examined the effects of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) sertraline on voltage-dependent K+ (Kv)channels in freshly isolated rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells using the voltage-clamp technique. Sertralinedecreased the Kv channel current in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC50 value of 0.18 μM and a slope value (Hillcoefficient) of 0.61. Although the application of 1 μM sertraline did not affect the steady-state activation curves,sertraline caused a significant, negative shift in the inactivation curves. Pretreatment with another SSRI, paroxetine,had no significant effect on Kv currents and did not alter the inhibitory effects of sertraline on Kv currents. From theseresults, we concluded that sertraline dose-dependently inhibited Kv currents independently of serotonin reuptakeinhibition by shifting inactivation curves to a more negative potential.

  6. Effects of flavone on the contractile activity of the circular smooth muscle of the rabbit middle colon in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benabdallah, Hassiba; Gharzouli, Kamel

    2015-08-05

    The circular smooth muscles of the middle colon of the rabbit generate giant contractions of high amplitude and low frequency. Flavone, at various concentrations, reduces the giant contractions and the tonic contraction induced by 10 µM carbachol and 80 mM KCl. The contractions induced by dequalinium and tetraethylammonium are reduced by flavone (30 µM). At 100 µM, flavone decreases the contraction induced by 100 µM methylene blue and 1mM orthovanadate. These results suggest that flavone inhibit the giant contractions by (1) inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, (2) activation of guanyl cyclase, (3) opening of K(+) channels and (4) inhibition of tyrosines kinases.

  7. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline inhibits voltage-dependent K+ channels in rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Han Sol; Li, Hongliang; Kim, Hye Won; Shin, Sung Eun; Choi, Il-Whan; Firth, Amy L; Bang, Hyoweon; Bae, Young Min; Park, Won Sun

    2016-12-01

    We examined the effects of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) sertraline on voltage-dependent K+ (Kv) channels in freshly isolated rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells using the voltage-clamp technique. Sertraline decreased the Kv channel current in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC50 value of 0.18 mu M and a slope value (Hill coefficient) of 0.61. Although the application of 1 mu M sertraline did not affect the steady-state activation curves, sertraline caused a significant, negative shift in the inactivation curves. Pretreatment with another SSRI, paroxetine, had no significant effect on Kv currents and did not alter the inhibitory effects of sertraline on Kv currents. From these results, we concluded that sertraline dose-dependently inhibited Kv currents independently of serotonin reuptake inhibition by shifting inactivation curves to a more negative potential.

  8. A continuum of myofibers in adult rabbit extraocular muscle: force, shortening velocity, and patterns of myosin heavy chain colocalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLoon, Linda K; Park, Han Na; Kim, Jong-Hee; Pedrosa-Domellöf, Fatima; Thompson, Ladora V

    2011-10-01

    Extraocular muscle (EOM) myofibers do not fit the traditional fiber typing classifications normally used in noncranial skeletal muscle, in part, due to the complexity of their individual myofibers. With single skinned myofibers isolated from rectus muscles of normal adult rabbits, force and shortening velocity were determined for 220 fibers. Each fiber was examined for myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoform composition by densitometric analysis of electrophoresis gels. Rectus muscle serial sections were examined for coexpression of eight MyHC isoforms. A continuum was seen in single myofiber shortening velocities as well as force generation, both in absolute force (g) and specific tension (kN/m(2)). Shortening velocity correlated with MyHCIIB, IIA, and I content, the more abundant MyHC isoforms expressed within individual myofibers. Importantly, single fibers with similar or identical shortening velocities expressed significantly different ratios of MyHC isoforms. The vast majority of myofibers in both the orbital and global layers expressed more than one MyHC isoform, with up to six isoforms in single fiber segments. MyHC expression varied significantly and unpredictably along the length of single myofibers. Thus EOM myofibers represent a continuum in their histological and physiological characteristics. This continuum would facilitate fine motor control of eye position, speed, and direction of movement in all positions of gaze and with all types of eye movements-from slow vergence movements to fast saccades. To fully understand how the brain controls eye position and movements, it is critical that this significant EOM myofiber heterogeneity be integrated into hypotheses of oculomotor control.

  9. Topography of the femoral nerve in relation to components of the iliopsoas muscle in human fetuses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubowicz, M

    1991-01-01

    Studies were performed on 60 human fetuses of both sexes of 35 to 365 mm C.-R. length (9-40 weeks). The psoas minor muscle was found in 25.8% of cases independently of sex and body side. In 6.45% of cases the muscle continued into psoas major muscle by short, weakly developed tendon. In 97.5% of studied fetuses junctions between tendons of psoas major and iliacus muscles was observed. In 2.5% of cases an independent, short tendon was found in the half of length of the iliacus muscle. In 7.5% of cases connection between the psoas major and iliacus muscles was found. In all cases femoral nerve originated from the lumbar plexus between two layers of the psoas major muscle and it ran in the groove between the psoas major and iliacus muscles towards the muscular lacuna. In 5.0% of cases the nerve divided into crura. In 2.5% of cases the crura embraced anteriorly and posteriorly bundles of the psoas major muscle as well as in 2.5% of cases bundles of the iliacus muscle.

  10. Ureteral reconstruction with abdominal wall muscle flap: experimental study in rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Alfred Smith

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors detail the experimental development of a technique for the reconstruction of the ureter using a tubular shape, muscle flap of the abdominal wall. the preliminary results indicate the feasibility of this surgical technique.

  11. Ureteral reconstruction with abdominal wall muscle flap: experimental study in rabbits

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson Alfred Smith; Paulo Cesar Silva; Manoel Luiz Ferreira; Alberto Schanaider

    2014-01-01

    The authors detail the experimental development of a technique for the reconstruction of the ureter using a tubular shape, muscle flap of the abdominal wall. the preliminary results indicate the feasibility of this surgical technique.

  12. [Effect of electrostimulation "hunger center" of lateral hypothalamus on the impulse activity of masticatory muscles in unfed and fed rabbits in the absence and the presence of food].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ignatova, Iu P; Kromin, A A

    2011-01-01

    In chronic experiences on rabbits the influence of electrostimulation of "the hunger centres" of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) on impulse activity of chewing muscles of rabbits under the conditions of hunger and satiation was studied. It is established, threshold irritation of the LH of hungry and preliminary fed animals in the absence of food caused the occurrence of incessant search behavior which was followed by the regular generation of bursts of AP by masseter and mylohyoideus muscles with bimodal distributions of interpulse intervals. Such reaction of chewing muscles during irritation of the LH in the absence of food is an example of advancing type reaction. The increase of level of alimentary motivation, arising at threshold irritation of the LH of rabbits under the conditions of hunger and satiety during the resultant food-intake behavior, increased frequency of generation of bursts of AP in a phase of the capture of food, but did not influence on this indicator in a phase of chewing of food. The received results testify about descending stimulating influences of alimentary motivational excitation on neurons of the chewing centre in medulla and on impulse activity of chewing muscles.

  13. A comparative study of changes operated by sympathetic nervous system activation on spindle afferent discharge and on tonic vibration reflex in rabbit jaw muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passatore, M; Deriu, F; Grassi, C; Roatta, S

    1996-03-07

    The effect of sympathetic activation on the spindle afferent response to vibratory stimuli eliciting the tonic vibration reflex in jaw closing muscles was studied in precollicularly decerebrate rabbits. Stimulation of the cervical sympathetic trunk, at frequencies within the physiologic range, consistently induced a decrease in spindle response to muscle vibration, which was often preceded by a transient enhancement. Spindle discharge was usually correlated with the EMG activity in the masseter muscle and the tension reflexly developed by jaw muscles. The changes in spindle response to vibration were superimposed on variations of the basal discharge which exhibited different patterns in the studied units, increases in the firing rate being more frequently observed. These effects were mimicked by close arterial injection of the selective alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine. Data presented here suggest that sympathetically-induced modifications of the tonic vibration reflex are due to changes exerted on muscle spindle afferent information.

  14. Reflection of the State of Hunger in Impulse Activity of Nose Wing Muscles and Upper Esophageal Sphincter during Search behavior in Rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kromin, A A; Dvoenko, E E; Zenina, O Yu

    2016-07-01

    Reflection of the state of hunger in impulse activity of nose wing muscles and upper esophageal sphincter muscles was studied in chronic experiments on rabbits subjected to 24-h food deprivation in the absence of locomotion and during search behavior. In the absence of apparent behavioral activity, including sniffing, alai nasi muscles of hungry rabbits constantly generated bursts of action potentials synchronous with breathing, while upper esophageal sphincter muscles exhibited regular aperiodic low-amplitude impulse activity of tonic type. Latent form of food motivation was reflected in the structure of temporal organization of impulse activity of alai nasi muscles in the form of bimodal distribution of interpulse intervals and in temporal structure of impulse activity of upper esophageal sphincter muscles in the form of monomodal distribution. The latent form of food motivation was manifested in the structure of temporal organization of periods of the action potentials burst-like rhythm, generated by alai nasi muscles, in the form of monomodal distribution, characterized by a high degree of dispersion of respiratory cycle periods. In the absence of physical activity hungry animals sporadically exhibited sniffing activity, manifested in the change from the burst-like impulse activity of alai nasi muscles to the single-burst activity type with bimodal distribution of interpulse intervals and monomodal distribution of the burst-like action potentials rhythm periods, the maximum of which was shifted towards lower values, which was the cause of increased respiratory rate. At the same time, the monomodal temporal structure of impulse activity of the upper esophageal sphincter muscles was not changed. With increasing food motivation in the process of search behavior temporal structure of periods of the burst-like action potentials rhythm, generated by alai nasi muscles, became similar to that observed during sniffing, not accompanied by animal's locomotion, which is

  15. Sympathetic control of skeletal muscle function: possible co-operation between noradrenaline and neuropeptide Y in rabbit jaw muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassi, C; Deriu, F; Roatta, S; Santarelli, R; Azzena, G B; Passatore, M

    1996-07-19

    Stimulation of the cervical sympathetic nerve at 10/s increases by 12.9 +/- 0.7% peak tension of maximal twitches in the directly stimulated jaw muscles and markedly depresses (41.6 +/- 1.3%) the tonic vibration reflex (TVR) elicited in the same muscles by vibration of the mandible. Both effects are not significantly influenced by administration of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists. When both alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors are blocked, sympathetic stimulation induces a very small increase in twitch tension (3.8 +/- 0.7%), while no detectable change in the TVR is observed. Close arterial injection of alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine mimics the effects induced by sympathetic stimulation on twitch tension and TVR, dose-dependently. The noradrenaline co-transmitter neuropeptide Y also produces a long-lasting, dose-dependent increase in the twitch tension which is unaffected by blockade of adrenergic receptors as well as of the neuromuscular junctions. Contribution of neuropeptide Y to the sympathetically-induced reduction of the stretch reflex is not clearly demonstrated. These data suggest that co-operation between noradrenaline and neuropeptide Y may be effective in determining sympathetic modulation of skeletal muscle function.

  16. Psoas tenotomy and heterotopic ossification after Charnley low-friction arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velasco, A D; Allan, D B; Wroblewski, B M

    1993-06-01

    One hundred twelve cases of Charnley low-friction arthroplasty (LFA), with elevation of the psoas tendon from the lesser trochanter, were reviewed. Twenty-six (23.3%) had heterotopic ossification in that area. No heterotopic ossification was present in 124 cases without psoas tenotomy. Periosteal elevation at the time of tenotomy is a likely cause of psoas heterotopic ossification.

  17. The cardiac sodium current Na(v)1.5 is functionally expressed in rabbit bronchial smooth muscle cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, E; Webb, T I; Hollywood, M A; Sergeant, G P; McHale, N G; Thornbury, K D

    2013-08-15

    A collagenase-proteinase mixture was used to isolate airway smooth muscle cells (ASMC) from rabbit bronchi, and membrane currents were recorded using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. Stepping from -100 mV to a test potential of -40 mV evoked a fast voltage-dependent Na(+) current, sometimes with an amplitude of several nanoamperes. The current disappeared within 15 min of exposure to papain + DTT (n = 6). Comparison of the current in ASMC with current mediated by NaV1.5 α-subunits expressed in human embryonic kidney cells revealed similar voltage dependences of activation (V1/2 = -42 mV for NaV1.5) and sensitivities to TTX (IC50 = 1.1 and 1.2 μM for ASMC and NaV1.5, respectively). The current in ASMC was also blocked by lidocaine (IC50 = 160 μM). Although veratridine, an agonist of voltage-gated Na(+) channels, reduced the peak current by 33%, it slowed inactivation, resulting in a fourfold increase in sustained current (measured at 25 ms after onset). In current-clamp mode, veratridine prolonged evoked action potentials from 37 ± 9 to 1,053 ± 410 ms (n = 8). Primers for NaV1.2-1.9 were used to amplify mRNA from groups of ∼20 isolated ASMC and from whole bronchial tissue by RT-PCR. Transcripts for NaV1.2, NaV1.3, and NaV1.5-1.9 were detected in whole tissue, but only NaV1.2 and NaV1.5 were detected in single cells. We conclude that freshly dispersed rabbit ASMC express a fast voltage-gated Na(+) current that is mediated mainly by the NaV1.5 subtype.

  18. Glycogen depletion and resynthesis during 14 days of chronic low-frequency stimulation of rabbit muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prats, C; Bernal, C; Cadefau, J A;

    2002-01-01

    Electro-stimulation alters muscle metabolism and the extent of this change depends on application intensity and duration. The effect of 14 days of chronic electro-stimulation on glycogen turnover and on the regulation of glycogen synthase in fast-twitch muscle was studied. The results showed...... synthase was determined during electro-stimulation. The activity of this enzyme was measured at low UDPG concentration with either high or low Glu-6-P content. Western blots were performed against glycogen synthase over a range of stimulation periods. Activation of this enzyme was maximum before the net...

  19. Chaperone-like effect of the linker on the isolated C-terminal domain of rabbit muscle creatine kinase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhe; Chen, Xiang-Jun; Xia, Mengdie; He, Hua-Wei; Wang, Sha; Liu, Huihui; Gong, Haipeng; Yan, Yong-Bin

    2012-08-01

    Intramolecular chaperones (IMCs), which are specific domains/segments encoded in the primary structure of proteins, exhibit chaperone-like activity against the aggregation of the other domains in the same molecule. In this research, we found that the truncation of the linker greatly promoted the thermal aggregation of the isolated C-terminal domain (CTD) of rabbit muscle creatine kinase (RMCK). Either the existence of the linker covalently linked to CTD or the supply of the synthetic linker peptide additionally could successfully protect the CTD of RMCK against aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. Truncated fragments of the linker also behaved as a chaperone-like effect with lower efficiency, revealing the importance of its C-terminal half in the IMC function of the linker. The aggregation sites in the CTD of RMCK were identified by molecular dynamics simulations. Mutational analysis of the three key hydrophobic residues resulted in opposing effects on the thermal aggregation between the CTD with intact or partial linker, confirming the role of linker as a lid to protect the hydrophobic residues against exposure to solvent. These observations suggested that the linkers in multidomain proteins could act as IMCs to facilitate the correct folding of the aggregation-prone domains. Furthermore, the intactness of the IMC linker after proteolysis modulates the production of off-pathway aggregates, which may be important to the onset of some diseases caused by the toxic effects of aggregated proteolytic fragments.

  20. Laparoscopic drainage of a recurrent psoas abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neola, Benedetto; D'Ambra, Michele; Capasso, Stefano; Russo, Milena; Ferulano, Giuseppe Paolo

    2014-03-28

    Negli ultimi anni, gli ascessi del muscolo ileopsoas sono stati riportati in letteratura con crescente frequenza, probabilmente a causa del largo impiego della TC nella diagnostica differenziale delle algie lombari. Qui presentiamo il caso di una paziente che ha sviluppato un ascesso dell’ileopsoas post-traumatico. Una donna di 43 anni riferiva febbre da 4 settimane, anoressia, dolore al fianco destro e alla regione lombare e difficoltà alla deambulazione. Tale sintomatologia, insorta per la prima volta 20 anni prima in seguito ad una caduta da cavallo, si ripresentava ciclicamente. Per il controllo della febbre e del dolore, la paziente assumeva una terapia antibiotica empirica. Al momento del ricovero gli esami ematochimici mostravano una moderata leucocitosi. La TC dell’addome evidenziava un grosso ascesso multiloculato dello psoas destro ed una lesione ipodensa del sesto segmento epatico. Considerando la lunga storia di infezioni ricorrenti e l’indicazione ad investigare ulteriormente la lesione epatica, si optava per il drenaggio laparoscopico della lesione: aperta completamente la parete dell’ascesso, venivano drenati 550ml di liquido purulento la cui coltura evidenziava la presenza di Stafilococco aureo. Una ecografia del fegato intraoperatoria con sonda laparoscopica escludeva la presenza di una lesione resecabile del sesto segmento epatico e ne confermava la natura infiammatoria. La paziente veniva dimessa in terza giornata operatoria con terapia antibiotica mirata sull’antibiogramma. Nè febbre, nè dolore sono stati più riferiti ai successivi controlli a 1, 6, 12 e 24 mesi dall’intervento. Molti Autori ritengono che gli ascessi dell’ileopsoas possano essere controllati con terapia antibiotica ed eventualmente attraverso il drenaggio percutaneo, riservando il drenaggio chirurgico ai casi complessi o recidivanti. Tuttavia la letteratura non chiarisce se sia da preferire il drenaggio chirurgico con accesso open o laparoscopico. Nella nostra

  1. Ectopic bone formation by gel-derived bioactive glass-poly-L-lactide-co-glycolide composites in a rabbit muscle model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filipowska, Joanna; Cholewa-Kowalska, Katarzyna; Wieczorek, Jarosław; Semik, Danuta; Dąbrowski, Zbigniew; Łączka, Maria; Osyczka, Anna M

    2017-01-17

    In this study we aimed to assess the in vivo osteoinductive properties of two composite scaffolds made of PLGA (poly-L-lactide-co-glycolide) and two types of gel-derived bioactive glasses, namely a high silica S2 bioactive glass (S2-PLGA composites) or high lime A2 bioactive glass (A2-PLGA composites). To achieve that, the potential of the composites to induce ectopic bone formation in a rabbit muscle has been examined along with the control PLGA scaffold. Cylinder-like scaffolds of 7  ×  3 mm (width  ×  height) were implanted into pouches created in the latissimus dorsi muscle of 18 New Zealand rabbits. The tissue sections were obtained at 6, 12 or 24 weeks post-surgery (six rabbits per each time point) and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. The process of wound healing, the formation of collagen-rich connective tissue and its transition to cartilage were examined by Sirius red and Alcian blue histological stainings. We also performed immunohistochemical verification of the presence of osteoblast- and osteoclast- like cells in the vicinity of the scaffolds. A typical foreign body reaction and wound healing process was observed for all implanted scaffolds. Osteoblast- and osteoclast-like cells were observed in the vicinity of the scaffolds as determined by the immunohistochemical staining for Osteocalcin, BMP-2 and Cathepsin K. Compared to plain PLGA scaffolds, numerous osteoblast-like cells were observed 12 weeks post implantation near the composites and the scaffolds gradually degraded as bone formation proceeded. S2-PLGA and A2-PLGA composites display osteoinductive properties in vivo. Furthermore, they are more effective at inducing ectopic bone formation in a rabbit muscle compared to plain PLGA. Thus these SBG-PLGA composite scaffolds have potential for clinical applications in dental and/or orthopedic-bone tissue engineering.

  2. The effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)/DHEA-sulfate (DHEAS) on the contraction responses of the clitoral cavernous smooth muscle from female rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Shin Young; Myung, Soon Chul; Lee, Moo Yeol; Kim, Tae Hyoung; Kim, Sae Chul; Kim, Kyung Do; Park, Soo Hyun; Kim, Won Yong

    2009-10-01

    Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a multifunctional steroid that is increasingly available as a supplement aimed at improving libido and well-being in postmenopausal women in the recent times. Together with its sulfate version, DHEA-sulfate (DHEAS), it is the most abundant steroid in humans. The clitoris is an important component of the female sexual response, with its increased vascular response during sexual arousal that results in erection. To elucidate the direct effects of DHEA/DHEAS on the vasomotor reactivity of the rabbit clitoral cavernosum. Twenty New Zealand white female rabbits weighing approximately 2.5-3 kg were used in the study. The contractile response of clitoral cavernous smooth muscle strips in response to phenylephrine (PE; 10(-9)-10(-4) M) were observed in rabbits. Additionally, DHEA/DHEAS effects on phenylephrine-induced contraction and/or acetylcholine-induced relaxation of phenylephrine-induced contraction were measured. DHEA/DHEAS did not elicit any remarkable response in the resting state. However, both DHEA and DHEAS evoked dose-dependent relaxations of PE-induced contraction. The contractile responses to high potassium were significantly decreased in the DHEA/DHEAS-pretreated strips, compared with the DHEA/DHEAS-nontreated strips. Additionally, contractions by Bay K 8644 (10(-7)-10(-6) M) treatment were also significantly inhibited by DHEA/DHEAS. DHEA-induced relaxation responses were stronger than DHEAS-induced relaxation responses. Various K channel blockers, tetraethylammonium (TEA; 1 mM, 10 mM), 4-aminopyridine (10 microM) and glibenclamide (10 microM) did not affect the DHEA/DHEAS-induced relaxation on muscle strips contracted by PE. Relaxation responses by acetylcholine or sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were not changed after DHEA/DHEAS pretreatment. DHEA/DHEAS was found to induce a relaxation response in rabbit clitoral cavernosal smooth muscle, and this is thought to be mediated by direct inhibition of a voltage-dependent calcium

  3. Effects of pinacidil on proliferation of cultured rabbit airway smooth muscle cells induced by endothelin-1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hong; XIE Wei-ping; QI Xu; ZHANG Xi-long

    2005-01-01

    @@ It has been found that the potassium channel dysfunction of the membrane of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) is closely associated with proliferation of ASMCs.1 Preliminary research has demonstrated that pinacidil, an ATP sensitive potassium channel (KATP) opener, could play a remarkable role in the prevention and treatment of antigen induced bronchial asthma in guinea pigs.2 This study was designed to investigate further the role and molecular mechanism of the proliferation of ASMCs: a chief pathological change of the nonacute phase of bronchial asthmatic episodes.

  4. Effects of gadolinium chloride on basal flow and compression-induced rapid hyperemia in the rabbit masseter muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turturici, M; Roatta, S

    2014-06-01

    Aim of the present study is to investigate the role of mechano-sensitive channels on basal muscle blood flow and on the compression-induced rapid hyperaemia. To this aim, the mechano-sensitive channel blocker Gadolinium (Gd(3+)) is employed, which already proved to reduce the myogenic response in isolated vessels. Muscle blood flow (MaBF) was recorded from the masseteric artery in 8 urethane-anesthetized rabbits. Rapid hyperemic responses were evoked by 1-s lasting compressions of the masseter muscle (MC) delivered before and after close arterial infusion of Gd(3+) in the masseteric artery. Three infusions were performed at 1-h interval, producing estimated plasma concentration (EPC) of 0.045, 0.45 and 4.5 mM, in the masseteric artery. The amplitude of the hyperaemic response to MC, equal to 195±77% of basal flow in control condition, was reduced by 9.5±19.4% (p=0.18) and 45±28% (p<0.01) while basal MaBf increased by 10±3% (p=0.90) and by 68±30% (p<0.01) at EPC of 0.045 and 0.45 mM, respectively. At EPC of 4.5 mM a strong reduction in both MaBF (by 54±13%, p<0.01) and MC response (75±12%, p<0.01) was instead observed. These effects did not depend on time from infusion. At all doses employed Gd(3+) never affected arterial blood pressure, heart rate and contralateral MaBF. While the effects observed at the highest EPC likely result from blood vessel occlusion due to Gd(3+) precipitation, the effects observed at lower concentrations demonstrate that Gd(3+) affects musculo-vascular function by decreasing both resting vascular tone and responsiveness to mechanical stimuli. The results are compatible with a Gd(3+)-induced blockade of vascular mechano-sensitive channels.

  5. Segmental fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlahovic, Hrvoje; Bazdaric, Ksenija; Marijancic, Verner; Soic-Vranic, Tamara; Malnar, Daniela; Arbanas, Juraj

    2017-01-18

    The iliopsoas of the rat is composed of two muscles - the psoas major muscle and the iliacus muscle. The psoas major muscle arises from all the lumbar vertebrae and the iliacus muscle from the fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae and ilium. Their common insertion point is the lesser trochanter of the femur, and their common action is the lateral rotation of the femur and flexion of the hip joint. Unlike humans, the rat is a quadruped and only occasionally rises up on its hind legs. Therefore, it is expected that the fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle will be different than that of humans. The iliopsoas muscle of the rat is generally considered to be a fast muscle. However, previous studies of the fibre type composition of the rat psoas muscle showed different results. Moreover, very little is known about the composition of the rat iliacus muscle. The aim of our study was to examine the fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle in order to better understand the complex function of the listed muscle. The psoas major muscle was examined segmentally at four different levels of its origin. Type I, IIA, IIB and IIX muscle fibres were typed using monoclonal antibodies for myosin heavy chain identification. The percentage of muscle fibre types and muscle fibre cross-sectional areas were calculated. In our study we showed that in the rat iliopsoas muscle both the iliacus and the psoas major muscles had a predominance of fast muscle fibre types, with the highest percentage of the fastest IIB muscle fibres. Also, the IIB muscle fibres showed the largest cross-sectional area (CSA) in both muscles. As well, the psoas major muscle showed segmental differences of fibre type composition. Our results showed changes in percentages, as well as the CSAs of muscle fibre types in cranio-caudal direction. The most significant changes were visible in type IIB muscle fibres, where there was a decrease of percentages and the CSAs from the cranial towards the caudal part

  6. Alterations of voltage-dependent calcium channel currents in basilar artery smooth muscle cells at early stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage in a rabbit model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianqing Shi

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in the currents of voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs in smooth muscle cells of basilar artery in a rabbit model of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH. METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into five groups: sham (C, normal (N, 24 hours (S1, 48 hours (S2 and 72 hours (S3 after SAH. Non-heparinized autologous arterial blood (1 ml/kg was injected into the cisterna magna to create SAH after intravenous anesthesia, and 1 ml/kg of saline was injected into cisterna magna in the sham group. Rabbits in group N received no injections. Basilar artery in S1, S2, S3 group were isolated at 24, 48, 72 hours after SAH. Basilar artery in group C was isolated at 72 hours after physiological saline injection. Basilar artery smooth muscle cells were isolated for all groups. Whole-cell patch-clamp technique was utilized to record cell membrane capacitance and VDCCs currents. The VDCCs antagonist nifedipine was added to the bath solution to block the Ca(++ channels currents. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the number of cells isolated, the cell size and membrane capacitance among all the five groups. VDCC currents in the S1-S3 groups had higher amplitudes than those in control and sham groups. The significant change of current amplitude was observed at 72 hours after SAH, which was higher than those of 24 and 48 hours. The VDCCs were shown to expression in human artery smooth muscle cells. CONCLUSIONS: The changes of activation characteristics and voltage-current relationship at 72 hours after SAH might be an important event which leads to a series of molecular events in the microenvironment of the basilar artery smooth muscle cells. This may be the key time point for potential therapeutic intervention against subarachnoid hemorrhage.

  7. Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide induces vascular relaxation and inhibits non-vascular smooth muscle activity in the rabbit female genital tract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steenstrup, B R; Ottesen, B; Jørgensen, M

    1994-01-01

    a significant dose-related relaxation on the NA-precontracted vessels. However, pre-incubation of the vessels with 10(-7) M PACAP-38, PACAP-27 and vaso active intestinal polypeptide (VIP) did not induce a general rightward shift of the NA concentration-response curves, although a tendency to inhibition......In vitro effects of two bioactive forms of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP): PACAP-38 and PACAP-27 were studied on rabbit vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle. Segments of the ovarian artery and muscle strips from the fallopian tube were used. Two series of experiments...... in the low-dose interval was observed. The peptides caused a significant, dose-dependent inhibition of both frequency and amplitude on the fallopian tube smooth muscle activity. The effects of the three peptides on longitudinally as well as transversally cut specimens were alike....

  8. Inhibition Mechanism of Emodin on Rabbit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Proliferation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty and vein graft.In this study, MTT colormetry was used to test the effective scope of emodin to inhibit VSMCs proliferation.Flow cytometry and confocal image were adopted to investigate its inhibitive mechanism.The results show that emodin could inhibit the growth and proliferation of VSMCs and the inhibition rate of emodin on VSMCs is 24.6%-94.58%, which is time - and concentration - dependent.Emodin could reduce S phase entry, increase the apoptosis of VSMCs, and reduce the intensity of[Ca2+]i in hPDGF B/B stimulated VSMCs.This research provides theoretical basis for medical application of emodin.It is concluded that emodin could inhibit the growth and proliferation of VSMCs effectively.Decreasing the DNA synthesis, increasing the cell apoptosis and reducing the intensity of[Ca2+]i in hPDGF B/B stimulated VSMCs may be the inhibitive mechanism of emodin against VSMCs proliferation.

  9. In-vitro effects of PDE5 inhibitor and statin treatment on the contractile responses of experimental MetS rabbit's cavernous smooth muscle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasin Erden

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Hypercholesterolaemia promotes erectile dysfunction through increased superoxide formation and decreased nitric oxide bioactivity in cavernosal tissue. The role of nitric oxide on erectile function is well known. Statins have lipid lowering properties and can modulate endothelial nitric oxide bioavailability. Sildenafil, enhances smooth muscle relaxation in corpus cavernosum. We invastigated in-vitro effects of sildenafil and rosuvastatin on nonadrenergic, non-cholinergic and nitric oxide mediated cavernosal smooth musle relaxation in metabolic syndrome rabbits, since alterations in this pathway are recognised in diabetic and hypercholesterolemic erectile dysfunction. Methods: Ten male rabbits were fed a standart diet as control group, fourty male rabbits were fed a hypercholesterolemic diet for 12 weeks. Hypercholesterolemic group were divided for without treatment, rosuvastatin treatment, sildenafil teratment, and rosuvastatin + sildenafil treatment (N = 10 per groups. Results: Serum levels of cholesterol and glucose were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (p < 0.05. After theraphy no differences were found among the groups in relaxation responses to sodium nitroprusside. The relaxation responses to carbachol and EFS were significantly reduced in metabolic syndrome group to control group (p < 0.05, but there were no differences between the other groups and control group. There was a significantly lower in-vitro relaxation response in the metabolic syndrome rabbits than in controls and the others (p < 0.05. Conclusion: Both agents improve in-vitro relaxation responses of erectile tissue from metabolic syndrome rabbits to endothelial non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic and nitric oxide. This finding supports to the results of other clinical studies with these drugs.

  10. Comparison of relaxation responses of cavernous and trigonal smooth muscles from rabbits by alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists; prazosin, terazosin, doxazosin, and tamsulosin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, K. K.; Lee, M. Y.; Lim, S. W.; Kim, S. C.

    1999-01-01

    Alpha1a-adrenergic receptor (AR) primarily mediates the contraction of the prostatic and cavernous smooth muscles. Among clinically available alpha1-AR antagonists for the medical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), tamsulosin has a modest selectivity for alpha1A- and alpha1D- over alpha1B-ARs. To compare the effects of various alpha1-AR antagonists on relaxation responses of cavernous and trigonal smooth muscles, isometric tension studies with relatively selective (tamsulosin) and non-selective (prazosin, doxazosin, and terazosin) alpha1A-AR antagonists, were conducted in the cavernous and trigonal muscle strips of rabbits (n=10 each). Tamsulosin had the strongest inhibitory effect on contraction of trigonal smooth muscle among the various alpha1-AR antagonists, and the inhibitory activities of prazosin, doxazosin, and terazosin were not statistically different. All alpha1-AR antagonists caused concentration-dependent relaxation of the cavernous muscle strips. Tamsulosin was shown to have greater potency than prazosin (more than 100-fold), doxazosin (more than 1000-fold), and terazosin (more than 1000-fold), in relaxation of cavernous smooth muscle. In conclusion, tamsulosin might be the most effective drug among the four commonly used alpha1-AR antagonists for the medical management of BPH. Tamsulosin might be a potential substitute for phentolamine in combination with vasoactive agents as an intracavernous injection therapy for patients with erectile dysfunction. PMID:10102527

  11. Heterogeneous blood flow distribution within single skeletal muscles in the rabbit: role of vasomotion, sympathetic nerve activity and effect of vasodilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iversen, P O; Nicolaysen, G

    1989-09-01

    A major heterogeneous distribution of blood flow has been described on a non-microvascular level within single skeletal muscles at rest and during exercise hyperaemia both in the dog and in the rabbit. The heterogeneity in blood flow distribution could be composed of both a steady-state region-to-region variability (spatial) and a time-dependent variability (temporal) in blood flow to each region. In the present study we estimated their relative contributions to the variations in blood flow within the muscles. Furthermore, we determined whether sympathetic nerve activity contributed to and whether pharmacologically induced vasodilation affected the heterogeneous blood flow pattern. Regional blood flow measurements were based on microsphere infusions into anaesthetized rabbits. Blood flow was determined under both resting conditions and during exercise hyperaemia in regions weighing 0.25 g each within hind leg muscles. The coefficient of variation for the spatial variability was twice that of the temporal one: 0.32 and 0.16 (mean) respectively. Neither stimulation of the sympathetic nerves, sympathectomy nor vasodilation affected the heterogeneity in blood flow. When exercise hyperaemia was induced, blood flow increased in all regions so that a positive (P less than 0.05) correlation was present between resting and exercising blood flow values in the individual regions. Although regional variation in vascularization could explain the observations during exercise hyperaemia, we have at present no fully satisfying explanation for the observed regional heterogeneity in blood flow.

  12. Influence of Needling the Foot-Yangming Points on Intracellular Ca2+ Concentration in Smooth Muscles of the Gastric Antrum in Rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Deng Yuanjiang; Yi Shouxiang; Lin Yaping; Yan Jie; Guo Hui; Xiang Zhiyong; Wu Fang; Liu Weiying; Chen Zhengqiu

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the influence of acupuncture at the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian on intracellular concentration of Ca2, called the 2nd messenger of gastric smooth muscles. Methods: 45rabbits were randomly divided into the following 5 groups: a normal saline group, a model group treated with atropine, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Shaoyang Meridian, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Taiyang Meridian, i.e. 9 rabbits in each group. After treatment, the smooth muscles of the gastric antrum were taken to make the suspension containing alive single muscular cells, and the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was determined by a spectrofluorometer.Results: The concentration of [Ca2+]i in the group of Foot-Yangming Meridian was obviously higher than that of the atropine group (P<0.01), but with no significant differences found among all the other groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: The influence of acupuncture at the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian on gastric movement is related to the release of intracellular Ca2+ in the gastric smooth muscles.

  13. Remote Dose-Dependent Effects of Dry Needling at Distant Myofascial Trigger Spots of Rabbit Skeletal Muscles on Reduction of Substance P Levels of Proximal Muscle and Spinal Cords

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueh-Ling Hsieh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Dry needling at distant myofascial trigger points is an effective pain management in patients with myofascial pain. However, the biochemical effects of remote dry needling are not well understood. This study evaluates the remote effects of dry needling with different dosages on the expressions of substance P (SP in the proximal muscle, spinal dorsal horns of rabbits. Methods. Male New Zealand rabbits (2.5–3.0 kg received dry needling at myofascial trigger spots of a gastrocnemius (distant muscle in one (1D or five sessions (5D. Bilateral biceps femoris (proximal muscles and superficial laminaes of L5-S2, T2-T5, and C2-C5 were sampled immediately and 5 days after dry needling to determine the levels of SP using immunohistochemistry and western blot. Results. Immediately after dry needling for 1D and 5D, the expressions of SP were significantly decreased in ipsilateral biceps femoris and bilateral spinal superficial laminaes (P<.05. Five days after dry needling, these reduced immunoactivities of SP were found only in animals receiving 5D dry needling (P<.05. Conclusions. This remote effect of dry needling involves the reduction of SP levels in proximal muscle and spinal superficial laminaes, which may be closely associated with the control of myofascial pain.

  14. Remote dose-dependent effects of dry needling at distant myofascial trigger spots of rabbit skeletal muscles on reduction of substance P levels of proximal muscle and spinal cords.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Yueh-Ling; Yang, Chen-Chia; Liu, Szu-Yu; Chou, Li-Wei; Hong, Chang-Zern

    2014-01-01

    Dry needling at distant myofascial trigger points is an effective pain management in patients with myofascial pain. However, the biochemical effects of remote dry needling are not well understood. This study evaluates the remote effects of dry needling with different dosages on the expressions of substance P (SP) in the proximal muscle, spinal dorsal horns of rabbits. Male New Zealand rabbits (2.5-3.0 kg) received dry needling at myofascial trigger spots of a gastrocnemius (distant muscle) in one (1D) or five sessions (5D). Bilateral biceps femoris (proximal muscles) and superficial laminaes of L5-S2, T2-T5, and C2-C5 were sampled immediately and 5 days after dry needling to determine the levels of SP using immunohistochemistry and western blot. Immediately after dry needling for 1D and 5D, the expressions of SP were significantly decreased in ipsilateral biceps femoris and bilateral spinal superficial laminaes (P dry needling, these reduced immunoactivities of SP were found only in animals receiving 5D dry needling (P dry needling involves the reduction of SP levels in proximal muscle and spinal superficial laminaes, which may be closely associated with the control of myofascial pain.

  15. Long-term repetitive mechanical loading of the knee joint by in vivo muscle stimulation accelerates cartilage degeneration and increases chondrocyte death in a rabbit model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horisberger, Monika; Fortuna, Rafael; Valderrabano, Victor; Herzog, Walter

    2013-06-01

    Excessive chronic loading is thought to be one factor responsible for the onset of osteoarthritis. For example, studies using treadmill running have shown an increased risk for osteoarthritis, thereby suggesting that muscle-induced joint loading may play a role in osteoarthritis onset and progression. However, in these studies, muscle-induced loading was not carefully quantified. Here, we present a model of controlled muscular loading which allows for the accurate quantification of joint loading. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term, cyclic, isometric and dynamic, muscle-induced joint loading of physiologic magnitude but excessive intensity on cartilage integrity and cell viability in the rabbit knee. 24 rabbits were divided into an (i) eccentric, (ii) concentric, or (iii) isometric knee extensor contraction group (50 min of cyclic, submaximal stimulation 3 times/week for four weeks=19,500 cycles) controlled by the stimulation of a femoral nerve cuff electrode on the right hind limb. The contralateral knee was used as a non-loaded control. The knee articular cartilages were analysed by confocal microscopy for chondrocyte death, and histologically for Mankin Score, cartilage thickness and cell density. All loaded knees had significantly increased cell death rates and Mankin Scores compared to the non-loaded joints. Cartilage thicknesses did not systematically differ between loaded and control joints. Chondrocyte death and Mankin Scores were significantly increased in the loaded joints, thereby linking muscular exercise of physiologic magnitude but excessive intensity to cartilage degeneration and cell death in the rabbit knee. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Conservative management of psoas haematoma following complex lumbar surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandesh Lakkol

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report psoas hematoma communicating with extradural hematoma and compressing on lumbar nerve roots during the postoperative period in a patient who underwent L3/4 level dynamic stabilization and L4/5 and L5/S1 posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Persistent radicular symptoms occurring soon after posterior lumbar surgery are not an unknown entity. However, psoas hematoma communicating with the extradural hematoma and compressing on L4 and L5 nerve roots soon after surgery, leading to radicular symptoms has not been reported. In addition to the conservative approach in managing such cases, this case report also emphasizes the importance of clinical evaluation and utilization of necessary imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan to diagnose the cause of persistent severe radicular pain in the postoperative period.

  17. [Psoas abscess and lumbar spine osteomyelitis: case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Ana M; Schmalbach, Lauwence A

    2016-10-01

    Psoas abscess is a common disease in children. It can have a nonspecific clinical presentation, insidious onset and sometimes fever. The most common type in children is the primary one; however, it can sometimes be of secondary origin and associated with severe infections such as osteomyelitis so a high index of suspicion is required to detect and treat it promptly. We present an unusual case of psoas abscess with infiltration of the vertebral body of L2 in a 14 year old male patient previously healthy with no history of trauma or fever on admission. X-ray and ultrasound were performed but the diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine. With positive blood cultures for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus he completed 2 weeks of intravenous antibiotic therapy and 4 weeks of oral antibiotic therapy with blood cultures negativization and resolution of symptoms.

  18. Psoas abscess with septic arthritis of the hip: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belet, Nurşen; Akyurt, Büşra; Karlı, Arzu; Gülman, Birol; Selçuk, Mustafa Bekir; Şensoy, Gülnar

    2014-01-01

    Psoas abscess associated with septic arthritis of the hip is unusual in infants. A 12-month-old infant presented with the complaints of fever, left hip pain and limp. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed left psoas abscess accompanied by septic arthritis of the hip. In this report, we present a case of psoas abscess with hip septic arthritis in an infant, and we describe the clinical and radiological findings and treatment of this case.

  19. Increased expression and local accumulation of the Prion Protein, Alzheimer Aβ peptides, superoxide dismutase 1, and Nitric oxide synthases 1 & 2 in muscle in a rabbit model of diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bitel Claudine L

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Muscle disease associated with different etiologies has been shown to produce localized accumulations of amyloid and oxidative stress-related proteins that are more commonly associated with neurodegeneration in the brain. In this study we examined changes in muscle tissue in a classic model of diabetes and hyperglycemia in rabbits to determine if similar dysregulation of Alzheimer Aβ peptides, the prion protein (PrP, and superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1, as well as nitric oxide synthases is produced in muscle in diabetic animals. This wild-type rabbit model includes systemic physiological expression of human-like Alzheimer precursor proteins and Aβ peptides that are considered key in Alzheimer protein studies. Results Diabetes was produced in rabbits by injection of the toxic glucose analogue alloxan, which selectively enters pancreatic beta cells and irreversibly decreases insulin production, similar to streptozotocin. Quadriceps muscle from rabbits 16 wks after onset of diabetes and hyperglycemia were analyzed with biochemical and in situ methods. Immunoblots of whole muscle protein samples demonstrated increased PrP, SOD1, as well as neuronal and inducible Nitric oxide synthases (NOS1 and NOS2 in diabetic muscle. In contrast, we detected little change in Alzheimer Aβ precursor protein expression, or BACE1 and Presenilin 1 levels. However, Aβ peptides measured by ELISA increased several fold in diabetic muscle, suggesting a key role for Aβ cleavage in muscle similar to Alzheimer neurodegeneration in this diabetes model. Histological changes in diabetic muscle included localized accumulations of PrP, Aβ, NOS1 and 2, and SOD1, and evidence of increased central nuclei and cell infiltration. Conclusions The present study provides evidence that several classic amyloid and oxidative stress-related disease proteins coordinately increase in overall expression and form localized accumulations in diabetic muscle. The present study

  20. Functional effects of the DCM mutant Gly159Asp troponin C in skinned muscle fibres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Preston, Laura C; Lipscomb, Simon; Robinson, Paul

    2006-01-01

    We recently reported a dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) causing mutation in a novel disease gene, TNNC1, which encodes cardiac troponin C (TnC). We have determined how this mutation, Gly159Asp, affects contractile regulation when incorporated into muscle fibres. Endogenous troponin in rabbit skinned...... psoas fibres was partially replaced by recombinant human cardiac troponin containing either wild-type or Gly159Asp TnC. We measured both the force-pCa relationship of these fibres and the activation rate using the caged-Ca(2+) compound nitrophenyl-EGTA. Gly159Asp TnC had no significant effect on either...... the Ca(2+) sensitivity or cooperativity of force generation when compared to wild type. However, the mutation caused a highly significant (ca. 50%) decrease in the rate of activation. This study shows that whilst not affecting the force-pCa relationship, the mutation Gly159Asp causes a significant...

  1. Is the psoas a hip flexor in the active straight leg raise?

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, H.; Meijer, O.G.; Dieen, van, J.H.; Hodges, P.W.; Bruijn, S.M.; Strijers, R.L.M.; Nanayakkara, P.W.B.; Royen, van, B.J.; Wu, W.; Xia, C.

    2011-01-01

    Psoas function is a topic of considerable relevance in sports and clinical science. However, the literature on psoas function is not sufficiently consistent. Questions are, amongst others, if during hip flexion the psoas always has the same function as the iliacus, and if the psoas affects the hip more than the lumbar spine. In the present study, 17 healthy women, 20–40 years, performed the active straight leg raise (ASLR), with the right or the left leg (“Side”), and without or with weight a...

  2. Effect and possible mechanism of muscle-splitting approach on multifidus muscle injury and atrophy after posterior lumbar spine surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Zhi-Jun; Fang, Xiang-Qian; Zhou, Zhi-Jie; Wang, Ji-Ying; Zhao, Feng-Dong; Fan, Shun-Wu

    2013-12-18

    Multifidus muscle injury and atrophy are common after posterior lumbar spine surgery and are associated with low back pain and functional disability. In theory, muscle-splitting and retraction with a self-retaining retractor are considered to be the major surgical factors. The effects and mechanisms of retraction have been well studied, but the exact effect and possible mechanism of injury and atrophy after muscle-splitting still lack experimental evidence. New Zealand White rabbits were divided into two groups. In group S, through a skin and lumbodorsal fascial incision, the bilateral multifidus muscles were dissected from the osseous structures in the standard fashion, while in group C, only a skin and lumbodorsal fascial incision was made. In each group, the multifidus muscle was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and by histological analysis at three and forty-eight hours and at one, three, six, twelve, and twenty-four weeks after surgery. In group C, there was no injury or atrophy of the multifidus muscle after surgery. In group S, the mean T2-weighted signal intensity ratios of gross multifidus to psoas on fat-suppressed T2-weighted cross-sectional MRI scans peaked on week 3 and returned to baseline on week 24. Necrosis and inflammation of the multifidus muscle were evident and became more severe at one week. Fibrotic change was mainly seen at three and six weeks after surgery, and fatty degeneration mainly occurred at twelve and twenty-four weeks. Decreased acetylcholine activity and granular degeneration of the neuromuscular junction were observed at all follow-up times, and the numbers of degenerating neuromuscular junctions increased significantly with time after surgery. The splitting approach is an important cause of multifidus muscle injury and atrophy in posterior lumbar spine surgery. Denervation and disuse may be important factors in multifidus muscle atrophy in the splitting approach. This study provides a basis for the prevention of

  3. Feline immunodeficiency virus and retrovirus-mediated adventitial ex vivo gene transfer to rabbit carotid artery using autologous vascular smooth muscle cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kankkonen, Hanna M; Turunen, Mikko P; Hiltunen, Mikko O; Lehtolainen, Pauliina; Koponen, Jonna; Leppänen, Pia; Turunen, Anna-Mari; Ylä-Herttuala, Seppo

    2004-03-01

    We have developed an ex vivo gene transfer technique to rabbit arterial wall using autologous smooth muscle cells (SMCs). SMCs were harvested from rabbit ear artery, transduced in vitro with vesicular stomatitis virus G-glycoprotein pseudotyped retrovirus or feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and returned to the adventitial surface of the carotid artery using a periadventitial silicone collar or collagen sheet placed around the artery. Beta-galactosidase (lacZ) and human apolipoprotein E3 (apoE3) cDNAs were used as transgenes. After retrovirus-mediated gene transfer of lacZ the selected cells implanted with high efficiency and expressed lacZ marker gene at a very high level 7 and 14 days after the operation. The level of lacZ expression decreased thereafter but was still detectable 12 weeks after the gene transfer, and was exclusively localized to the site of cell implantation inside the collar. Utilizing FIV vector expressing apoE3, low levels of apoE were measured from serum collected from a low-density lipoprotein receptor deficient Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits 1 month after the gene transfer. The physiological effect of apoE expression was detected as transiently elevated serum cholesterol levels. The results indicate that the model can be used for high efficiency local gene transfer in arteries, e.g. during vascular surgery. The model is also valuable for studying expression, stability and safety of new gene transfer vectors and their expression products in vivo.

  4. Clinical outcome following a modified approach for psoas lengthening for coxa saltans in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komarasamy, B; Vadivelu, R; Kershaw, C J

    2007-01-01

    Internal snapping often resolves with conservative treatment but persistent significant symptoms may require surgical treatment. Different surgical approaches have been suggested in the literature with varying results. We describe a modified surgical approach for internal snapping of hip in adults with good results. Patients who failed conservative treatment for internal snapping over 11/2 years were included. A skin crease incision was made just lateral to the ASIS in supine position. The psoas tendon was reached sub-periosteally along the internal iliac surface and a hole was made in periosteum. Then the tendon was hooked into the wound and divided releasing its musculotendinous junction. The patients were allowed to mobilise as able in the postoperative period. There were 8 snapping hips (7 patients, 6 females) with average age of 30 years (17-51 yrs). The mean follow-up was 11 months. The average duration of symptoms before operation was 4.5 years (range 2-10 years). Painful symptomatic clicking was relieved in all patients. Two patients felt slight weakness of hip flexion. One patient had temporary neuropraxia of lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh. The diagnosis is made by ultrasound or examination for a palpable click. Surgical correction of snapping is considered after failure of conservative treatment. Different extrapelvic (medial and iliofemoral) and intrapelvic extraperitoneal approaches have been described with varying results. With our slightly modified intrapelvic and subperiosteal approach through oblique inguinal incision in adults, psoas muscle release at musculotendinous junction seems a safe and effective method and could be used as an alternative surgical approach for treatment of internal snapping of hip in adults.

  5. Dynamic detection of non-protein-bound strychnine and brucine in rabbit muscle and synovial fluid after topical application of total Strychnos alkaloid patches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Huaibo; Yan, Miao; Li, Huande; Xun, Tianrong; Deng, Yang; Zhao, Yeye; Deng, Long

    2014-04-01

    Semen Strychni, a known toxic drug in Chinese pharmacopoeia, is notable for its therapeutic effects on local muscle and joint pain. However, oral administration can be risky. Topically administered drugs accumulate in the topical muscles and knee joints without any major increase in plasma levels; only non-protein-bound drugs in the biological fluids of target tissues are effective for therapeutic effects. A sensitive and rapid ultra performance liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) method coupled with a microdialysis technique was developed to determine the non-protein-bound strychnine (Str) and brucine (Bru) in rabbit muscle and synovial fluid microdialysate. The UPLC separation was carried out using a 1.7μm BEH C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm) with a mobile phase consisting of methanol: water (29.5:70.5, v/v) with 0.1% formic acid and 20 mM ammonium acetate in water. The method was validated at concentrations ranging from 0.58 ng/ml to 467.20 ng/ml for Str and from 0.42 ng/ml to 422.40 ng/ml for Bru. Intra-day and inter-day accuracy ranged from 99.1% to 103.2% for Str and from 95.8% to 108.8% for Bru with intra-day and inter-day precision within 9.7%. The proposed method was successfully applied to determine non-protein-bound Str and Bru, and the analysates concentration remained stable in rabbit muscle and synovial fluid after topical application of total Strychnos alkaloid patches, which indicated that total Strychnos alkaloid patches could substitute for the traditional oral administration of Semen Strychni. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Fluctuations in tension during contraction of single muscle fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borejdo, J; Morales, M F

    1977-12-01

    We have searched for fluctuations in the steady-state tension developed by stimulated single muscle fibers. Such tension "noise" is expected to be present as a result of the statistical fluctuations in the number and/or state of myosin cross-bridges interacting with thin filament sites at any time. A sensitive electro-optical tension transducer capable of resolving the expected fluctuations in magnitude and frequency was constructed to search for the fluctuations. The noise was analyzed by computing the power spectra and amplitude of stochastic fluctuations in the photomultiplier counting rate, which was made proportional to muscle force. The optical system and electronic instrumentation together with the minicomputer software are described. Tensions were measured in single skinned glycerinated rabbit psoas muscle fibers in rigor and during contraction and relaxation. The results indicate the presence of fluctuations in contracting muscles and a complete absence of tension noise in eith rigor or relaxation. Also, a numerical method was developed to simulate the power spectra and amplitude of fluctuations, given the rate constants for association and dissociation of the cross-bridges and actin. The simulated power spectra and the frequency distributions observed experimentally are similar.

  7. Altered cell metabolism in tissues of the knee joint in a rabbit model of Botulinum toxin A-induced quadriceps muscle weakness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leumann, A; Longino, D; Fortuna, R; Leonard, T; Vaz, M A; Hart, D A; Herzog, W

    2012-12-01

    Quadriceps muscle weakness is frequently associated with knee injuries in sports. The influence of quadriceps weakness on knee joint homeostasis remains undefined. We hypothesized that quadriceps weakness will lead to tissue-specific alterations in the cell metabolism of tissues of the knee. Quadriceps weakness was induced with repetitive injections of Botulinum toxin A in six 1-year-old New Zealand White rabbits for 6 months. Five additional animals served as controls with injections of saline/dextrose. Muscle weakness was assessed by muscle wet mass, isometric knee extensor torque, and histological morphology analysis. Cell metabolism was assessed for patellar tendon, medial and lateral collateral ligament, and medial and lateral meniscus by measuring the total RNA levels and specific mRNA levels for collagen I, collagen III, MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, TGF-β, biglycan, IL-1, and bFGF by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction. While the total RNA levels did not change, tissue-specific mRNA levels were lower for relevant anabolic and catabolic molecules, indicating potential changes in tissue mechanical set points. Quadriceps weakness may lead to adaptations in knee joint tissue cell metabolism by altering a subset of anabolic and catabolic mRNA levels corresponding to a new functional and metabolic set point for the knee that may contribute to the high injury rate of athletes with muscle weakness.

  8. Meat physical quality and muscle fibre properties of rabbit meat as affected by the sire breed, season, parity order and gender in an organic production system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Dalle Zotte

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to evaluate some meat physical quality and muscle fibre properties of rabbit meat when considering 2 sire breeds (SB: Vienna Blue [VB]; Burgundy Fawn [BF]; both coloured and slow-growing breeds, several parity orders (P: 1, 2, ≥3, gender (G, and 2 slaughter seasons (SS: spring, summer in an organic production system. The effect of storage time (ST at frozen state (2 mo at –20°C of Longissimus lumborum (LL meat was also evaluated. Animals were slaughtered when they reached 2.8 kg of live weight. Then, pH and L*a*b* colour values of Biceps femoris (BF and LL muscles, water loss and Warner-Bratzler shear force of LL and hind leg (HL meat, and the fibre typing and enzymatic activity of LL muscle were analysed. LL meat from females showed higher b* values than males (0.04 vs. –1.25; P<0.05. Significant (P<0.05 SB×P, SB×G and P×G interactions were observed for the b* value of LL: VB and BF crossbreds presented a higher b* value when born as P≥3 and P2 respectively, VB females showed higher b* value than VB males, and P2 and P≥3 produced males with a significantly lower b* value. HL thawing losses were significantly (P<0.05 higher in rabbits slaughtered in summer than in those slaughtered in spring, whereas the opposite result was obtained for LL meat (P<0.01. Cooking loss of LL meat was significantly lower in P2 group than P≥3 group (P<0.05. The lactate dehydrogenase activity in LL muscle was higher in VB than in BF crossbreds (930 vs. 830 IU; P<0.05, albeit not supported by differences in fibre type distribution. The ST significantly (P<0.01 reduced pH, a* and b* colour values, and increased lightness of LL meat. It was concluded that the crossbreeds derived from VB and BF genotypes and farmed organically did not show remarkable sexual dimorphism, considering their elder slaughter age than rabbits reared under intensive conditions. Physical quality of meat was mainly affected by slaughter season, indicating

  9. Evidence that the contraction-induced rapid hyperemia in rabbit masseter muscle is based on a mechanosensitive mechanism, not shared by cutaneous vascular beds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turturici, Marco; Mohammed, Mazher; Roatta, Silvestro

    2012-08-15

    Several mechanisms have been hypothesized to contribute to the rapid hyperemia at the onset of exercise. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role played by the mechanosensitivity of the vascular network. In 12 anesthetized rabbits blood flow was recorded from the exclusively muscular masseteric artery in response to brief spontaneous contractions (BSC) of the masseter muscle, artery occlusion (AO), muscle compression (MC), and muscle stretch (MS). Activation of masseter muscle was monitored by electromyography (EMG). Responses to AO were also recorded from the mostly cutaneous facial and the central ear arteries. Five animals were also tested in the awake condition. The hyperemic response to BSC (peak amplitude of 394 ± 82%; time to peak of 1.8 ± 0.8 s) developed with a latency of 300-400 ms from the beginning of the EMG burst and 200-300 ms from the contraction-induced transient flow reduction. This response was neither different from the response to AO (peak amplitude = 426 ± 158%), MC, and MS (P = 0.23), nor from the BSC response in the awake condition. Compared with the masseteric artery, the response to AO was markedly smaller both in the facial (83 ± 18%,) and in the central ear artery (68 ± 20%) (P < 0.01). In conclusion, the rapid contraction-induced hyperemia can be replicated by a variety of stimuli affecting transmural pressure in muscle blood vessels and is thus compatible with the Bayliss effect. This prominent mechanosensitivity appears to be a characteristic of muscle and not cutaneous vascular beds.

  10. Autoantibody Production in Rabbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asherson, G. L.; Rose, M. Elaine

    1963-01-01

    The finding that the serum of apparently healthy rabbits fixed complement with rabbit liver and kidney has been confirmed. Experimental infection of rabbits with Eimeria stiedae, the cause of hepatic coccidiosis, led to a rise in the titre of serum complement-fixing factors. The rise was statistically significant 14, 21 and 28 days after infection. The factors were regarded as antibodies because they behaved as macroglobulins on diethylaminoethyl—cellulose chromatography and sucrose gradient centrifugation, and as autoantibodies because they fixed complement with the kidney of the rabbits in which they occurred. The antibody reacted with widely distributed antigen(s) with high activity in brain and low activity in skeletal muscle. The possibility that coccidial infection may be responsible for the natural autoantibody of rabbits is discussed. PMID:13965167

  11. Analysis and Evaluation of Nutritional Components of Fujian White Rabbit Muscle%福建白兔肌肉营养成分分析与评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈岩锋; 陈冬金; 孙世坤; 桑雷; 谢喜平; 兰扬生; 林萍萍

    2013-01-01

    为了探讨福建地方家兔肌肉品质特性,对福建白兔的肌肉常规营养成分和氨基酸进行测定,并对其蛋白质营养价值作出评价.结果显示:福建白兔肌肉水分含量为75.84%,粗蛋白质20.50%,粗脂肪2.20%,粗灰粉1.03%,肌肉氨基酸总量为17.62%,必需氨基酸为7.05%,鲜味氨基酸为7.61%.氨基酸评分(AAS)和化学评分(CS)均表明:第一限制性氨基酸是蛋十胱氨酸,第二限制性氨基酸是缬氨酸.研究表明,福建白兔公兔与母兔常规营养成分和氨基酸的含量与组成均无显著性差异,肌肉中粗蛋白含量高,鲜味氨基酸和必需氨基酸含量丰富,营养价值较高,具有较好的食用价值.%Inorder to study the characters of meat quality of Fujian local rabbits,Fujian white rabbit's meat quality including nutritional components and amino acid were analyzed,and protein nutritive value was evaluated as well.The results showed that,contents of moisture,crude protein,crude fat and crude ash of the rabbit muscles were 75.84%,20.50% and 1.03%,respectively.The total amino acid(TAA),essential amino acids(EAA),delicious amino acids were 17.62%,7.05% and 7.61%,respectively.The amino acid score (AAS) and chemical score (CS) showed that,Met + Cystine was the first limiting amino acids,and valine randed second.The research showed that there were no significant difference between the male and female Fujian white rabbit in the nutritive composition,amino acid contents and compositions.Therefore,Fujian white rabbit is a kind of healthy product which is delicious and full of nutrients for human.

  12. 伊拉兔宰后肌糖原变化及其与兔肉品质的相关性%Variation of Muscle Glycogen of IRA Rabbit After Slaughter and Its Correlation with Changes of Rabbit Meat Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛山; 贺稚非; 李洪军

    2014-01-01

    肌糖原下降显著,与其间肉品品质的变化密切相关,可利用其酵解规律与各品质指标的相关性建立回归方程,从而对肌糖原含量变化进行较好地预测。%[Objective]This paper is to discuss the relevance between the change of muscle glycogen and meat quality of IRA rabbit within 36 h slaughter. [Method]After slaughter, the intramuscular glycogen of IRA rabbit occurs glycolysis reaction into lactic acid in a certain period of time, thus changing the pH value of the carcass, and further affecting meat quality indicators, such as water holding capacity, shear force, color and so on. The longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle and the left leg (LL) muscle were used as raw materials and the variation in content of muscle glycogen of IRA rabbit at 45 min, 4 h, 8 h, 12 h, 24 h and 36 h slaughter period was measured, respectively, by kit method, and the related meat quality indexes during corresponding post-mortem, such as pH, cooking loss, drip loss, shear force and color changes were all determined. In addition, the correlation between meat quality and muscle glycogen variation of IRA rabbit from LD and LL during the 36 h post-mortem were discussed, by the way of partial least squares regression analysis (PLS2), making the main design factors (pH, cooking loss, drip loss, total loss, shear force, L*, a*, b*, C*) as X variables, and muscle glycogen content as Y variables. [Result]The muscle glycogen content of LD and LL of IRA rabbit decreased significantly (P<0.05) within 36 h slaughter, reduced from the initial (2.61±0.50) mg·g-1 and (2.77±0.55) mg·g-1 to (0.94±0.05) mg·g-1 and (0.99 ± 0.07) mg·g-1 after 36 h slaughter, respectively. At the same time, the pH value of LD and LL of Iraq rabbit meat decreased from (6.91 ± 0.02) and (6.85 ± 0.04) in the initial post-mortem to (5.62 ± 0.09) and (5.61 ± 0.09) after 36 h slaughter, respectively. In the meantime, the meat quality index of Ira rabbit occurred corresponding changes

  13. [Psoas abscess as a differential diagnosis in emergency department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicente-Ruiz, María; Candel-Arenas, María de la Fe; Ruiz-Marín, Miguel; Peña-Ros, Emilio; Sánchez-Cifuentes, Angela; Albarracín Marín-Blázquez, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: el absceso del psoas es una colección de pus que se localiza en el músculo psoas iliaco. Se produce por continuidad desde estructuras adyacentes o por diseminación hematógena; su etiología es diversa. Objetivo: describir la atención ofrecida a los pacientes con absceso de psoas ingresados en un servicio de cirugía general. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de pacientes ingresados al servicio de Cirugía General y del Aparato Digestivo del Hospital General Reina Sofía, Murcia, España, entre enero de 2006 y febrero de 2012 con diagnóstico compatible con absceso de psoas. Resultados: se reunieron 5 casos: 4 varones (80%) y 1 mujer (20%) con una media de edad de 51.6 años (límites: 35 y 75). Todos ingresaron al servicio de Cirugía General desde Urgencias. La clínica fue: dolor lumbar, fiebre y enrojecimiento de partes blandas en 3 pacientes. Dos iniciaron con choque séptico. A todos los pacientes se les realizó tomografía computada abdominal que confirmó el diagnóstico. Las causas del absceso fueron: 1 neoplasia de sigma perforada; 2 osteomielitis de cadera izquierda; 1 enfermedad de Crohn, y 1 absceso primario. El tratamiento fue el drenaje quirúrgico en 3 casos, y colocación de pig tail bajo control radiológico en 2 pacientes. Dos necesitaron atención en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, donde fallecieron. Conclusión: el retraso en el tratamiento suele desembocar en choque séptico con resultado de muerte en todos los casos. Es importante tener en mente esta posibilidad diagnóstica para poder establecer el diagnóstico diferencial en urgencias y tratarla lo más temprano posible.

  14. The Ash Content of the Main Muscle Groups and Edible Offal Collected From Hares (Lepus europaeus Pallas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Tărnăuceanu Frunză

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. The availability of hares (Lepus europaeus Pallas, unlike that of domestic rabbits, is restricted by hunting seasons. Rabbit meat, according to research from Spain, is a rich source of K, P, Fe and Mg, but poor in Na, being recommended for people with hypertension. The largest quantity of macro minerals studied in rabbit meat was determined for K and P, and the most abundant micro minerals were Zn, Fe, Cu and Mn. In hare meat, ash content is not sufficiently studied. The current low level of knowledge motivated the present study. The aim of this study was to establish the ash content for major muscle groups and edible offal of hares. The biological material used was collected from 49 hares with an average weight of 5.6 kg, at the age of reproductive maturity (adults: 11-12 months. Different muscle groups (the muscles Cervicalis, Intercostalis, Longissimus Dorsi, Psoas major, Triceps Brachi, Biceps femoris, Semimembranosus and the main edible offal (heart, liver, kidney were sampled. The ash was determined by calcination (in Supertherm C311 oven calcination at 5500C. The results obtained were interpreted statistically (arithmetic mean (X, standard deviation (s, variance (s2 and coefficient of variation (V% and the statistical significance of differences was tested using the ANOVA Single Factor algorithm (p>0.05; p<0.01; p<0.001. Ash content for the main muscle groups analysed varied from the lowest average values of 1.095% for the Intercostalis muscles, to the highest average values of 1.256%, for Triceps brachii muscles.

  15. Impact Total Psoas Volume on Short- and Long-Term Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Curative Resection for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: a New Tool to Assess Sarcopenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amini, Neda; Spolverato, Gaya; Gupta, Rohan; Margonis, Georgios A.; Kim, Yuhree; Wagner, Doris; Rezaee, Neda; Weiss, Matthew J.; Wolfgang, Christopher L.; Makary, Martin M.; Kamel, Ihab R.; Pawlik, Timothy M.

    2016-01-01

    Background While sarcopenia is typically defined using total psoas area (TPA), characterizing sarcopenia using only a single axial cross-sectional image may be inadequate. We sought to evaluate total psoas volume (TPV) as a new tool to define sarcopenia and compare patient outcomes relative to TPA and TPV. Method Sarcopenia was assessed in 763 patients who underwent pancreatectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma between 1996 and 2014. It was defined as the TPA and TPV in the lowest sex-specific quartile. The impact of sarcopenia defined by TPA and TPV on overall morbidity and mortality was assessed using multivariable analysis. Result Median TPA and TPV were both lower in women versus men (both Psarcopenia was not associated with higher risk of postoperative complications (OR 1.06; P=0.72), sarcopenia defined by TPV was associated with morbidity (OR 1.79; P=0.002). On multivariable analysis, TPV-sarcopenia remained independently associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications (OR 1.69; P=0.006), as well as long-term survival (HR 1.46; P=0.006). Conclusion The use of TPV to define sarcopenia was associated with both short- and long-term outcomes following resection of pancreatic cancer. Assessment of the entire volume of the psoas muscle (TPV) may be a better means to define sarcopenia rather than a single axial image. PMID:25925237

  16. TranS1 VEO system: a novel psoas-sparing device for transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardenbrook MA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Mitchell A Hardenbrook,1,2 Larry E Miller,3,4 Jon E Block4 1Advanced Spine Institute of Greater Boston, North Billerica, MA, 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 3Miller Scientific Consulting Inc, Arden, NC, 4The Jon Block Group, San Francisco, CA, USA Abstract: Minimally invasive approaches for lumbar interbody fusion have been popularized in recent years. The retroperitoneal transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine is a technique that allows direct lateral access to the intervertebral disc space while mitigating the complications associated with traditional anterior or posterior approaches. However, a common complication of this procedure is iatrogenic injury to the psoas muscle and surrounding nerves, resulting in postsurgical motor and sensory deficits. The TranS1 VEO system (TranS1 Inc, Raleigh, NC, USA utilizes a novel, minimally invasive transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine that allows direct visualization of the psoas and proximal nerves, potentially minimizing iatrogenic injury risk and resulting clinical morbidity. This paper describes the clinical uses, procedural details, and indications for use of the TranS1 VEO system. Keywords: fusion, lateral, lumbar, minimally invasive, transpsoas, VEO

  17. Phylogeny and ontogeny of the phosphoglycerate mutases - III. Inactivation of rabbit muscle phosphoglycerate mutase (type M isozyme) by the sulfhydryl group reagents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreras, J; Bosch, J; Mezquita, J

    1982-01-01

    1. The three phosphoglycerate mutase isozymes from mammals (types M, B and MB isozymes) differ in their sensitivity to the - SH group reagents. 2. Rabbit muscle phosphoglycerate mutase (type M isozyme) is reversibly inactivated by tetrathionate, rho-chloromercuribenzoate and Hg2+. 3. Titration with rho-chloromercuribenzoate shows the existence of two sulfhydryl groups per enzyme subunit, the modification of which produces a progressive decline in enzyme activity. 4. The apparent Km values for substrate and cofactor are not affected by tetrathionate treatment. 5. Phosphoglycerate mutase inactivated by tetrathionate and by rho-chloromercuribenzoate is unable to form the functionally active phosphorylenzyme when mixed with glycerate-2,3-P2, and is not protected by the cofactor against heating. 6. Glycerate-2,3-P2 protects against tetrathionate treatment, but fails to protect against Hg2+ and rho-chloromercuribenzoate inactivation.

  18. Alterations in alpha sub 1 - adrenoceptor function in rabbit aortic smooth muscle after long term administration of verapamil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aceto, J.F.

    1988-01-01

    Aortic rings from naive rabbits and rabbits previously treated with large doses of verapamil for eight days were studied in vitro on day nine. Treated rings showed a decrease in norepinephrine potency and maximum developed isometric tension. Standard tissue bath analysis revealed a significant increase in the apparent dissociation constant of norepinephrine for the adrenoceptor which partly accounts for the decreased potency. Similar changes in potency and efficacy were found with other selected vasoconstrictors namely angiotensin, serotonin, and KCl. In contrast to the affinity change for norepinephrine, the alpha-adrenoceptor specific antagonist phentolamine revealed no change in adrenoceptor affinity after verapamil pretreatment. Further investigation using direct binding with {sup 125}I-labelled BE 2254, a high affinity alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist, showed only a slight decrease in the affinity of the pretreated tissues studied, thereby confirming that the main effect of chronic verapamil is peculiar to agonists.

  19. The masticatory system under varying functional load. Part 1: structural adaptation of rabbit jaw muscles to reduced masticatory load

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vreeke, M.; Langenbach, G.E.J.; Korfage, J.A.M.; Zentner, A.; Grünheid, T.

    2011-01-01

    Skeletal muscle fibres can change their myosin heavy-chain (MyHC) isoform and cross-sectional area, which determine their contraction velocity and maximum force generation, respectively, to adapt to varying functional loads. In general, reduced muscle activity induces transition towards faster fibre

  20. Effects of electric stimulation of the hunger center in the lateral hypothalamus on slow electric activity and spike activity of fundal and antral stomach muscles in rabbits under conditions of hunger and satiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kromin, A A; Zenina, O Yu

    2013-09-01

    In chronic experiments on rabbits, the effect of electric stimulation of the hunger center in the lateral hypothalamus on myoelectric activity of the fundal and antral parts of the stomach was studied under conditions of hunger and satiation in the absence of food. Stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in rabbits subjected to 24-h food deprivation and in previously fed rabbits produced incessant seeking behavior, which was followed by reorganization of the structure of temporal organization of slow wave electric activity of muscles of the stomach body and antrum specific for hungry and satiated animals. Increased hunger motivation during electric stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus manifested in the structure of temporal organization of slow wave electric activity of the stomach body and antrum muscles in rabbits subjected to 24-h food deprivation in the replacement of bimodal distribution of slow wave periods to a trimodal type typical of 2-day deprivation, while transition from satiation to hunger caused by electric stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus was associated with a shift from monomodal distributions of slow wave periods to a bimodal type typical of 24-h deprivation. Reorganization of the structure of temporal organization of slow wave electric activity of the stomach body and antrum muscles during electric stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus was determined by descending inhibitory influences of food motivational excitation on activity of the myogenic pacemaker of the lesser curvature of the stomach.

  1. Autologous grafting of extraocular muscles: experimental study in rabbits Transplante autólogo de musculatura ocular extrínseca: estudo experimental em coelhos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Meireles-Teixeira

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of autologous extraocular muscle grafting as a type of muscle expansion surgery. METHODS: The left superior rectus muscle of twenty-nine rabbits was resected and this fragment was attached to the endpoint of the respective right superior rectus (test group. Thereafter, the superior rectus of the left eye was reattached to the sclera (control group. Both groups were examined during different postoperative periods in order to assess their outcomes. RESULTS: The presence of hyperemia was slightly more frequent in the grafted group. Secretion and muscle atrophy were negligible in both groups. Fibrosis was greater in grafted animals. These muscles were weaker than the control muscles, although the force required to split muscular parts was always greater than the physiological one. CONCLUSIONS: This surgical technique was reliable and useful if one intends to achieve muscle expansion without the intrinsic risks of dealing with heterologous/artificial materials.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a viabilidade do uso de segmentos de músculos oculares extrínsecos como expansores de tendões musculares. MÉTODOS: Vinte e nove coelhos tiveram seu músculo reto superior esquerdo ressecado e o fragmento de cada um foi transplantado para o reto superior contralateral (grupo-teste. Então, o reto superior esquerdo foi reinserido na esclera (grupo-controle. Os animais foram então examinados em diversos períodos pós-operatórios, até os seus sacrifícios, para que se avaliasse o desenrolar dessa técnica cirúrgica. RESULTADOS: A hiperemia foi maior entre os testes. A secreção e a atrofia muscular foram mínimas nos dois grupos. Houve maior presença de fibrose no grupo-teste, mas não tão expressiva a ponto de inviabilizar os efeitos da cirurgia. Esses músculos também se romperam mais facilmente do que os do grupo-controle, porém, a força de rompimento foi sempre bem maior do que aquela presente numa contração muscular normal

  2. Iliopsoas muscle injury in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabon, Quentin; Bolliger, Christian

    2013-05-01

    The iliopsoas muscle is formed by the psoas major and iliacus muscles. Due to its length and diameter, the iliopsoas muscle is an important flexor and stabilizer of the hip joint and the vertebral column. Traumatic acute and chronic myopathies of the iliopsoas muscle are commonly diagnosed by digital palpation during the orthopedic examination. Clinical presentations range from gait abnormalities, lameness, and decreased hip joint extension to irreversible fibrotic contracture of the muscle. Rehabilitation of canine patients has to take into account the inciting cause, the severity of pathology and the presence of muscular imbalances.

  3. Chronic administration of imipramine but not agomelatine and moclobemide affects the nitrergic relaxation of rabbit corpus cavernosum smooth muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gocmez, Semil Selcen; Utkan, Tijen; Gacar, Nejat

    2013-08-15

    Sexual dysfunction is a common and underestimated effect of antidepressants. However, the mechanism by which these drugs cause erectile dysfunction is unclear. We investigated the reactivity of the corpus cavernosum of rabbits that were treated with either chronic imipramine, which is a tricyclic agent; agomelatine, which is a melatonergic agonist and serotonin 5HT(2c) antagonist; or moclobemide, which is a reversible inhibitor of monoamine-oxidase A. Twenty rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: the control group (n=5), the imipramine-treated group (n=5), which received i.p. injections of 10 mg/kg/day of imipramine, the moclobemide-treated group (n=5), which received i.p. injections of 20 mg/kg/day of moclobemide, and the agomelatine-treated group (n=5), which was orally administered 10 mg/kg/day of agomelatine. The reactivities of corpus cavernosum tissue obtained from the antidepressant-treated and the control groups were studied in organ chambers after the animals were subjected to 21 days of drug administration. The acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent and the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced neurogenic relaxation of the corpus cavernosum of the imipramine-treated group was significantly decreased compared with the control group. However, neither the acetylcholine- nor EFS-induced relaxation was changed in the moclobemide- or agomelatine-treated groups. There were no change in the relaxant response to the nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside and contractile response to KCl between the groups. This study suggests that chronic imipramine treatment but not agomelatine and moclobemide treatments causes significant functional changes in the penile erectile tissue of rabbits and that these changes may contribute to the development of impotence.

  4. Thigh abscess as an extension of psoas abscess: the first manifestation of perforated appendiceal adenocarcinoma: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovic, Igor; Pecin, Ivan; Prutki, Maja; Augustin, Goran; Nedic, Ana; Gojevic, Ante; Potocki, Kristina; Reiner, Zeljko

    2015-08-01

    A 65-year-old woman presented with a painful, swollen, red right thigh and the mild pain in the right abdomen without nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea that lasted for 1 week. Laboratory findings revealed elevated inflammatory markers. Computed tomography of the right thigh, abdomen and pelvis showed an abscess formation in the adductor muscles draining from the abscess that completely occupied the right retroperitoneum up to the diaphragm, dissecting downward through the inguinal canal. Appendix was enlarged with an appendicolith. Emergent exploratory laparotomy revealed a perforated appendix with psoas abscess. Pathohistological diagnosis revealed adenocarcinoma of the appendix. Thigh abscess is an uncommon condition with insidious clinical presentation. Therefore, early recognition and setting of the correct diagnosis enables adequate treatment avoiding additional complications and in some cases potential life-threatening conditions. When upper leg abscess is suspected or proven abdominal examination is mandatory.

  5. Differential activity of regions of the psoas major and quadratus lumborum during submaximal isometric trunk efforts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Rachel J; Tsao, Henry; Cresswell, Andrew G; Hodges, Paul W

    2012-02-01

    Controversy exists regarding the function of psoas major (PM) and quadratus lumborum (QL) at the lumbar spine. The functions of discrete regions of PM and QL were studied during trunk loading tasks. Twelve healthy participants performed isometric trunk loading tasks in various directions in upright sitting. Fine-wire electromyography (EMG) electrodes were inserted under ultrasound guidance into PM fascicles arising from the transverse process (PM-t) and vertebral body (PM-v) and the anterior (QL-a) and posterior (QL-p) layers of QL on the right side. Although right PM-t and PM-v were both active during right lateral-flexion trunk efforts, their activity was opposite in the sagittal plane, with greater PM-t towards extension and PM-v towards flexion. QL-a and QL-p were similarly active, though QL-p was active to a greater percentage of MVC during right trunk lateral-flexion efforts. Activity of QL-p was modulated with respiratory phase during the loading tasks with trunk efforts towards the right lateral-flexion/flexion and right lateral-flexion directions. These findings provide novel understanding of the unique activation of discrete regions of PM and QL. These differences must be considered in future EMG studies to better understand the function of these deeply situated trunk muscles in the control of the lumbar spine.

  6. Multiple psoas abscess formation after pharmacopuncture -a case report-.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koo, Eun Hye; Choi, Sang Sik; Chung, Dong Hun; Lee, Il Ok; Kim, Nan Sook; Lim, Sang Ho

    2010-12-01

    Acupuncture has been widely used in alternative medicine for pain relief but may have many complications due to lack of appropriate cares. Pharmacopuncture is a sort of acupuncture that injects a herbal ingredient through a thin tube for the purpose of combining the effects of the herb and acupuncture and it has many pitfalls. The agents used in pharmacopuncture are not refined for a desired effect and not produced by sterile standard processes under strict medical surveillance. We report a case of a 44-yr-old male patient who had multiple abscesses in the psoas region with fever, right low back and hip pain that began after the pharmacopuncture treatment. This case shows that although pharmacopuncture has been practiced widely, it is important that the appropriate aseptic technique should be used to prevent severe infections and other complications.

  7. Expression Changes of Adiponection (A dipoQ) and Its Receptor Genes (A dipoR1 and A dipoR2) in Porcine Longissimus Dorsi and Psoas Major Muscles%脂联素(A dipoQ)及其受体基因(A dipoR1and A dipoR2)在猪背最长肌和腰大肌中的表达差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宗刚; 李祥; 李明洲; 李学伟

    2011-01-01

    脂联素(AdipoQ)是脂肪组织分泌的一种细胞因子,通过血液循环系统到达靶器官与其受体1和2(AdipoR1和AdipoR2)结合,参与脂质和能量代谢及胰岛素敏感性调节方面的生物学过程.利用荧光定量PCR技术检测了210日龄长白猪和荣昌猪的背最长肌和腰大肌组织中Adip0Q、AdipoR1和AdipoR2基因mRNA丰度的表达差异,并分析了基因相对表达量与猪肥胖指数(porcine obesityindex,POI)、肌内脂肪(intramuscular fat,IMF)含量和背最长肌横截面面积的相关性.结果表明,在不同性别的长白猪和荣昌猪的两种肌肉组织中均检测到AdipoQ、AdipoR1和AdipoR2的表达,但表达量在品种、性别和组织间存在明显差异.AdipoQ和AdipoR1基因表达量与POI和IMF含量呈负相关,与背最长肌横截面面积呈正相关,但均未达到显著水平(P>0.05),A dipoR2基因表达量与IMF含量呈显著负相关(P<0.05).研究结果提示,AdipoQ、AdipoR1和AdipoR2表达量与脂肪沉积性状呈负相关,与肌肉生长性状呈正相关,这与其增加脂肪酸氧化,减少脂肪沉积的功能相符.%Adiponection (AdipoQ), a protein hormone secreted from adipose tissue, modulates a number of metabolic processes, including fatty acid catabolism and regulation of insulin sensitivity. The expression changes of AdipoQ and its receptor genes (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) in longissimus dorsi and psoas major muscles of Rongchang (a fatty, indigenous, Chinese breed) and Landrace pigs (a leaner, Western breed) were measured using a Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR approach. Results showed that the A dipoQ, A dipoR 1 and A dipoR2 were ubiquitously expressed in all tissues analyzed, nonetheless, their mRNA abundances existed notable differences among pig breeds, genders and tissue types. The mRNA abundances of AdipoQ and AdipoR1 genes exhibited a negative correlation with the POI (porcine obesity index) and IMF (intramuscular fat) content traits, and a positive

  8. Early growth response gene-1 decoy oligonucleotides inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasia of autogenous vein graft in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xisheng; Mei, Yunqing; Ji, Qiang; Feng, Jing; Cai, Jianzhi; Xie, Shiliang

    2015-07-01

    The excess proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and the development of intimal hyperplasia is a hallmark of vein graft failure. This study aimed to verify that a single intraoperative transfection of early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1) decoy oligonucleotide (ODN) can suppress vein graft proliferation of VSMCs and intimal hyperplasia. In a rabbit model, jugular veins were treated with Egr-1 decoy ODN, scrambled decoy ODN, Fugene6, or were left untreated, then grafted to the carotid artery. The vein graft samples were obtained 48 h, 1, 2 or 3 weeks after surgery. The thickness of the intima and intima/media ratio in the grafts was analysed by haematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression of the Egr-1 decoy ODN transfected in the vein was analysed using fluorescent microscopy. Egr-1 mRNA was measured using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The expression of Egr-1 protein was analysed by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Transfection efficiency of the ODN was confirmed by 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining. In the grafts treated with Egr-1 decoy ODN, our study achieved statistically significant inhibition of intimal hyperplasia by ∼58% at 3 weeks. Transfection of Egr-1 decoy ODNs decreased the protein expression of Egr-1 and Egr-1 mRNA. We confirmed that gene therapy using in vivo transfection of an Egr-1 decoy ODN significantly inhibits proliferation of VSMC and intimal hyperplasia of vein grafts in a rabbit model. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  9. CT-guided percutaneous drainage within intervertebral space for pyogenic spondylodiscitis with psoas abscess

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsumoto, Tomohiro; Morishita, Hiroyuki; Lida, Shigeharu; Asai, Shunsuke; Masui, Koji; Sato, Osamu (Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Japanese Red Cross Kyoto Daiichi Hospital, Kyoto (Japan)), Email: t-matsu@koto.kpu-m.ac.jp; Yamagami, Takuji; Nishimura, Tsunehiko (Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan)); Yamazoe, Shoichi (Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Kyoto Daiichi Hospital, Kyoto (Japan))

    2012-02-15

    Background. Reports on CT-guided percutaneous drainage within the intervertebral space for pyogenic spondylodiscitis with a secondary psoas abscess are limited. Purpose. To evaluate CT-guided percutaneous drainage within the intervertebral space for pyogenic spondylodiscitis and a secondary psoas abscess in which the two sites appear to communicate. Material and Methods. Eight patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis and a secondary psoas abscess showing communication with the intradiscal abscess underwent CT-guided percutaneous drainage within the intervertebral space. The clinical outcome was retrospectively assessed. Results. An 8-French pigtail catheter within the intervertebral space was successfully placed in all patients. Seven patients responded well to this treatment. The one remaining patient who had developed septic shock before the procedure died on the following day. The mean duration of drainage was 32 days (13-70 days). Only one patient with persistent back pain underwent surgery for stabilization of the spine after the improvement of inflammation. Among seven patients responding well, long-term follow-up (91-801 days, mean 292 days) was conducted in six patients excluding one patient who died of asphyxiation due to aspiration unrelated to the procedure within 30 days after the procedure. In these six patients, no recurrence of either pyogenic spondylodiscitis or the psoas abscess was noted. Conclusion. CT-guided percutaneous drainage within the intervertebral space can be effective for patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis and a secondary psoas abscess if the psoas abscess communicates with the intradiscal abscess

  10. Effects of electrical stimulation of the hunger center in the lateral hypothalamus and food reinforcement on impulse activity of the proper masticatory muscle in rabbits under conditions of hunger and satiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ignatova, Ju P; Kromin, A A

    2010-11-01

    Threshold stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in starving and preliminary fed (satiated) rabbits in the absence of feed induces searching behavior associated with burst-like impulse activity of proper masticatory muscle with a bimodal distribution of interpulse intervals, what represents an anticipatory type of reaction. The increase in the level of food motivation during threshold stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in starving and satiated rabbits with the food offered led to successful food-procuring behavior, during which the frequency and amplitude of spike bursts in the proper masticatory muscle become comparable with those under conditions of natural foraging behavior stimulated by the need in nutrients. Motivational excitation and backward afferentation from food reward are addressed to the same neurons of the masticatory center in the medulla oblongata.

  11. Presentación atípica de piomiositis tropical difusa de psoas por Staphylococcus aureus meticilino resistente Atypical presentation of diffuse tropical pyomiositis of the psoas due to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ray Ticse

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La piomiositis tropical difusa primaria es una enfermedad de presentación infrecuente en nuestro medio, con pocos casos asociados a Staphylococcus aureus meticilino resistente, adquirido en la comunidad (MRSA-AC. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 70 años, con tratamiento irregular para diabetes mellitus tipo 2, que fue hospitalizado por presentar un cuadro de diez días de evolución, con dolor lumbar irradiado a miembro inferior izquierdo, fiebre y flexión forzada de la cadera derecha por dolor a la movilización. El diagnóstico de piomiositis difusa de ambos psoas se realizó con resonancia magnética. Del cultivo de una colección paravertebral posterior se aisló Staphylococcus aureus resistente a oxacilina, penicilina y dicloxacilina.Diffuse tropical primary pyomyositis is an infrequent entity in our country, with few cases associated to communityacquired Methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus. There are no reported cases of Community-Acquired Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA- MRSA in Peru. We present the case of a 70 year old male with a previous diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, receiving irregular treatment, who was admitted to the hospital with a history of 10 days of low back pain radiating to the left leg, fever and forced flexion of the right hip due to pain during movement. The diagnosis of diffuse pyomyositis of both psoas muscles was performed with MRI and culture of a posterior paravertebral collection, from which Staphylococcus aureus resistant to oxacillin, penicillin and dicloxacillin was isolated.

  12. Disposable rabbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Leroy C.; Trammell, David R.

    1986-01-01

    A disposable rabbit for transferring radioactive samples in a pneumatic transfer system comprises aerated plastic shaped in such a manner as to hold a radioactive sample and aerated such that dissolution of the rabbit in a solvent followed by evaporation of the solid yields solid waste material having a volume significantly smaller than the original volume of the rabbit.

  13. Disposal rabbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, L.C.; Trammell, D.R.

    1983-10-12

    A disposable rabbit for transferring radioactive samples in a pneumatic transfer system comprises aerated plastic shaped in such a manner as to hold a radioactive sample and aerated such that dissolution of the rabbit in a solvent followed by evaporation of the solid yields solid waste material having a volume significantly smaller than the original volume of the rabbit.

  14. Temperature jump induced force generation in rabbit muscle fibres gets faster with shortening and shows a biphasic dependence on velocity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranatunga, K W; Roots, H; Offer, G W

    2010-02-01

    We examined the tension responses to ramp shortening and rapid temperature jump (muscle fibres at 8-9 degrees C (the fibre length (L(0)) was approximately 1.5 mm and sarcomere length 2.5 microm). The aim was to investigate the strain sensitivity of crossbridge force generation in muscle. The T-jump induced tension rise was examined during steady shortening over a wide range of velocities (V) approaching the V(max) (V range approximately 0.01 to approximately 1.5 L(0) s(1)). In the isometric state, a T-jump induced a biphasic tension rise consisting of a fast (approximately 50 s(1), phase 2b) and a slow (approximately 10 s(1), phase 3) component, but if treated as monophasic the rate was approximately 20 s(1). During steady shortening the T-jump tension rise was monophasic; the rate of tension rise increased linearly with shortening velocity, and near V(max) it was approximately 200 s(1), approximately 10x faster than in the isometric state. Relative to the tension reached after the T-jump, the amplitude increased with shortening velocity, and near V(max) it was 4x larger than in the isometric state. Thus, the temperature sensitivity of muscle force is markedly increased with velocity during steady shortening, as found in steady state experiments. The rate of tension decline during ramp shortening also increased markedly with increase of velocity. The absolute amplitude of T-jump tension rise was larger than that in the isometric state at the low velocities (shortening velocity is increased, probably enhancement of crossbridge force generation and faster (post-stroke) crossbridge detachment by negative strain. Overall, our results show that T-jump force generation is strain sensitive and becomes considerably faster when exposed to negative strain. Thus the crossbridge force generation step in muscle is both temperature sensitive (endothermic) and strain sensitive.

  15. Ca2+ channel inhibitor NNC 55-0396 inhibits voltage-dependent K+ channels in rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Youn Kyoung; Hong, Da Hye; Li, Hongliang; Kim, Dae-Joong; Na, Sung Hun; Park, Hongzoo; Jung, Won-Kyo; Choi, Il-Whan; Park, Won Sun

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrated the inhibitory effect of NNC 55-0396, a T-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitor, on voltage-dependent K(+) (K(V)) channels in freshly isolated rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells. NNC 55-0396 decreased the amplitude of K(V) currents in a concentration-dependent manner, with an IC(50) of 0.080 μM and a Hill coefficient of 0.76.NNC 55-0396 did not affect steady-state activation and inactivation curves, indicating that the compound does not affect the voltage sensitivity of K(V) channel gating. Both the K(V) currents and the inhibitory effect of NNC 55-0396 on K(V) channels were not altered by depletion of extracellular Ca(2+) or intracellular ATP, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of NNC 55-0396 is independent of Ca(2+)-channel activity and phosphorylation-dependent signaling cascades. From these results, we concluded that NNC 55-0396 dosedependently inhibits K(V) currents, independently of Ca(2+)-channel activity and intracellular signaling cascades.

  16. Antioxidants improve impaired insulin-mediated glucose uptake and prevent migration and proliferation of cultured rabbit coronary smooth muscle cells induced by high glucose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, K; Kohno, M; Kano, H; Yokokawa, K; Minami, M; Yoshikawa, J

    1999-03-16

    To explore the role of intracellular oxidative stress in high glucose-induced atherogenesis, we examined the effect of probucol and/or alpha-tocopherol on the migration and growth characteristics of cultured rabbit coronary vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Chronic high-glucose-medium (22. 2 mmol/L) treatment increased platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-mediated VSMC migration, [3H]thymidine incorporation, and cell number compared with VSMCs treated with normal-glucose medium (5.6 mmol/L+16.6 mmol/L mannose). Probucol and alpha-tocopherol significantly suppressed high glucose-induced increase in VSMC migration, cell number, and [3H]thymidine incorporation. Probucol and alpha-tocopherol suppressed high glucose-induced elevation of the cytosolic ratio of NADH/NAD+, phospholipase D, and membrane-bound protein kinase C activation. Probucol, alpha-tocopherol, and calphostin C improved the high glucose-induced suppression of insulin-mediated [3H]deoxyglucose uptake. Chronic high-glucose treatment increased the oxidative stress, which was significantly suppressed by probucol, alpha-tocopherol, suramin, and calphostin C. These findings suggest that probucol and alpha-tocopherol may suppress high glucose-induced VSMC migration and proliferation via suppression of increases in the cytosolic ratio of free NADH/NAD+, phospholipase D, and protein kinase C activation induced by high glucose, which result in reduction in intracellular oxidative stress.

  17. Warner-Bratzler shear evaluations of 40 bovine muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belew, J B; Brooks, J C; McKenna, D R; Savell, J W

    2003-08-01

    Forty muscles from each of 20 beef carcass sides were used to perform Warner-Bratzler shear (WBS) force determinations for within and among muscle effects. The M. triceps brachii differed (P psoas major, and M. semimembranosus all had significant location effects. Muscles were allocated into "very tender," "tender," "intermediate" or "tough" categories. Those muscles considered "very tender" (WBS iliacus, M. psoas major, M. serratus ventralis, M. biceps brachii, M. obliquus internus abdominis, and M. vastus medius. Muscles considered "tender" (3.2 kg 4.6 kg) were the M. extensor carpi radialis, M. trapezius, M. brachialis, M. pectoralis profundus, and M. flexor digitorum superficialis (hind limb). The diaphragm muscle was the most tender (WBS=2.03 kg), and the M. flexor digitorum superficialis was the toughest (WBS=7.74 kg). Tenderness, as measured by WBS, varied among and within bovine muscles, and knowledge of this variation allows for more appropriate use for specific purposes in the marketplace.

  18. Influence of potassium ions and osmolality on the resting membrane potential of rabbit ventricular papillary muscle with estimation of the activity and the activity coefficient of internal potassium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akiyama, T; Fozzard, H A

    1975-11-01

    Resting membrane potentials of rabbit right ventricular papillary muscles were measured in modified Tyrode's solutions that were isotonic (1.0 X T), hypertonic (1.58 X T), or hypotonic (0.76 X T) at eight different concentrations of external potassium, [K]o, ranging from 0.78 to 100 mM. The amount of hyperpolarization produced by exposure to the hypertonic solutions was relatively constant with an average of 4.6 mv at all levels of [K]o except 0.78 and 1.56 mM. This potential change is much less than the 10.6 mv which would be predicted if the papillary muscles behaved as nearly perfect osmometers and the activity coefficient of intracellular potassium (K) remained constant. The amount of depolarization produced by exposure to the 0.76 X T hypotonic solutions averaged 6.8 mv at all levels of [K]o except 0.78 mM; this value is close to the predicted value of 6.9 mv. Variations in the activity and the activity coefficient of intracellular K were introduced to explain these discrepancies. We estimated that the activity of intracellular K in 1.58 X T hypertonic solution was increased 15-23% compared with that in isotonic solution. This change is much less than the 58% that would be predicted if the papillary muscle behaved as a nearly perfect osmometer. We also estimated that the activity of intracellular K in 0.76 X T hypotonic solution fell 22-26%, which is very close to the predicted value of 24%. The activity coefficient of intracellular K appeared to fall in 1.58 X T hypertonic solution to about 0.76 of its value in isotonic solution. This decline in the estimated activity coefficient of intracellular K could not be attributed to an increase in Coulombic attractive and repulsive forces as predicted by the Debye-Hückel equation for a univalent electrolyte.

  19. Effects of electrical stimulation of the hunger center in the lateral hypothalamus and food reinforcement on impulse activity of the mylohyoid muscle in rabbits under conditions of hunger and satiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ignatova, Ju P; Kromin, A A

    2011-03-01

    Effects of electrical stimulation of the hunger center in the lateral hypothalamus and food reinforcement on impulse activity of mylohyoid muscle were studied in chronic experiments under conditions of hunger and satiety. Threshold stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in starving and satiated rabbits in the absence of food induced searching behavior associated with burst-like impulse activity with a bimodal distribution of interpulse intervals. Regular spike burst in the mylohyoid muscle during stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in the absence of food serves as an example of the anticipatory type reaction. Increased food motivation during threshold stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in starving and satiated rabbits with food offered led to successful food-procuring behavior, during which the frequency of spike bursts in the mylohyoid muscle became comparable with that under conditions of natural foraging behavior stimulated by the need in nutrients. Our results suggest that temporal structure of mylohyoid muscle impulse activity reflects convergent interactions of food-motivation excitation with reinforcement excitation on neurons of the masticatory and deglutitive centers.

  20. Ilio-psoas abscess in the paediatric population: treatment by US-guided percutaneous drainage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, M.; Gupta, S.; Gulati, M.; Suri, S. [Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012 (India)

    1998-06-01

    Background. Image-guided percutaneous drainage has been shown to be a safe and effective alternative to surgery in the management of psoas abscess in adults and adolescents. There is little information on its use in children. Objective. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of US-guided percutaneous needle aspiration and catheter drainage of ilio-psoas abscesses. Materials and methods. A retrospective review of 14 children with 16 ilio-psoas abscesses (10 pyogenic and 4 tuberculous) who were treated by US-guided percutaneous needle aspiration (n = 5) or catheter drainage (n = 9) along with appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Results. Percutaneous treatment was successful in 10 of the 14 patients; all showed clinical improvement within 24-48 h of drainage and subsequent imaging demonstrated resolution of the abscess cavities. Surgery was avoided in all of these ten patients except one, who underwent open surgical drainage of ipsilateral hip joint pus. Of the other four patients, two had to undergo surgical drainage of the ilio-psoas abscesses after failure of percutaneous treatment, one improved with antibiotics after needle aspiration failed to yield any pus, and one died of continuing staphylococcal septicaemia within 24 h of the procedure. There were no procedural complications. Conclusions. Percutaneous drainage represents an effective alternative to surgical drainage as a supplement to medical therapy in the management of children with ilio-psoas abscesses. (orig.) With 2 figs., 11 refs.

  1. Relaxation of rabbit corpus cavernosum smooth muscle and aortic vascular endothelium induced by new nitric oxide donor substances of the nitrosyl-ruthenium complex

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    Joao B. G. Cerqueira

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Endothelial dysfunction characterized by endogenous nitric oxide (NO deficiency made 56% of patients affected with erectile dysfunction decline treatment with PDE-5 inhibitors. New forms of treatment are currently being developed for this group of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study compared the effect of sodium nitroprusside (SNP and two substances of the nitrosyl-ruthenium complex, cis-[Ru(bpy2(SO3(NO]PF-6-9 ("FONO1” and trans-[Ru(NH34(caffeine(NO]C13 ("LLNO1” on relaxation of rabbit corpus cavernosum smooth muscle and aortic vascular endothelium. The samples were immersed in isolated baths and precontracted with 0.1 µM phenylephrine (PE and the corresponding relaxation concentration/response curves were plotted. In order to investigate the relaxation mechanisms involved, 100 µM ODQ (a soluble guanylate cyclase-specific inhibitor, 3 µM or 10 µM oxyhemoglobin (an extracellular NO scavenger or 1 mM L-cysteine (a nitrosyl anion-specific scavenger was added to the samples. RESULTS: All the NO donors tested produced a significant level of relaxation in the vascular endothelium. In corpus cavernosum samples, FONO1 produced no significant effect, but LLNO1 and SNP induced dose-dependent relaxation with comparable potency (pEC50 = 6.14 ± 0.08 and 6.4 ± 0.14, respectively and maximum effect (Emax = 82% vs. 100%, respectively. All NO donors were found to activate soluble guanylate cyclase, since the addition of the corresponding inhibitor (100 µM ODQ completely neutralized the relaxation effect observed. The addition of oxyhemoglobin reduced the relaxation effect, but did not inhibit it completely. In aortic vascular endothelium 3 µM oxyhemoglobin decreased the relaxation effect by 26% on the average, while 10 µM oxyhemoglobin reduced it by over 52%. The addition of 100 µM L-cysteine produced no significant inhibiting effect. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that LLNO1 and FONO1 are potent vasodilators. LLNO1 was

  2. Identification of mechanisms involved in the relaxation of rabbit cavernous smooth muscle by a new nitric oxide donor ruthenium compound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Batista Gadelha de Cerqueira

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relaxation in vitro of cavernous smooth muscle induced by a new NO donor of the complex nitrosil-ruthenium, named trans-[Ru(NH34(caffeine(NO]C13 (Rut-Caf and sodium nitroprusside (SNP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The tissues, immersed in isolated bath systems, were pre-contracted with phenilephrine (PE (1 µM and then concentration-response curves (10-12 - 10-4 M were obtained. To clarify the mechanism of action involved, it was added to the baths ODQ (10 µM, 30 µM, oxyhemoglobin (10 µM, L-cysteine (100 µM, hydroxicobalamine (100 µM, glibenclamide, iberotoxin and apamine. Tissue samples were frozen in liquid nitrogen to measure the amount of cGMP and cAMP produced. RESULTS: The substances provoked significant relaxation of the cavernous smooth muscle. Both Rut-Caf and SNP determined dose-dependent relaxation with similar potency (pEC50 and maximum effect (Emax. The substances showed activity through activation of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC, because the relaxations were inhibited by ODQ. Oxyhemoglobin significantly diminished the relaxation effect of the substances. L-cysteine failed to modify the relaxations caused by the agents. Hydroxicobalamine significantly diminished the relaxation effect of Rut-Caf. Glibenclamide significantly increased the efficacy of Rut-Caf (pEC50 4.09 x 7.09. There were no alterations of potency or maximum effect of the substances with the addition of the other ion channel blockers. Rut-Caf induced production of significant amounts of cGMP and cAMP during the relaxation process. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, Rut-Caf causes relaxation of smooth muscle of corpus cavernosum by means of activation of sGC with intracellular production of cGMP and cAMP; and also by release of NO in the intracellular environment. Rut-Caf releases the NO free radical and it does not act directly on the potassium ion channels.

  3. Evaluation of Psoas Major and Quadratus Lumborum Recruitment Using Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Before and After 5 Trunk Exercises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Atsushi; Okubo, Yu; Kaneoka, Koji

    2017-02-01

    Study Design Controlled laboratory study, with a pretest-posttest design. Background Diffusion-weighted imaging is a noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging technique that can be used to assess the recruitment of the psoas major (PM) and quadratus lumborum (QL). The recruitment of these muscles during trunk exercises has not been evaluated. Objective To evaluate the diffusion of water movement in several trunk muscles using diffusion-weighted imaging before and after specific trunk exercises and thereby to understand the level of recruitment of each muscle during each exercise. Methods Nine healthy male participants performed the right side bridge, knee raise, and 3 front bridges, including the hand-knee, elbow-knee, and elbow-toe bridges. Diffusion-weighted imaging was performed before and after each exercise. After scanning, the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map was constructed, and ADC values of the rectus abdominis, lateral abdominal muscles, QL, PM, and back muscles were calculated. Results The right PM following the elbow-toe bridge demonstrated the largest increase in ADC values, a change significantly greater than that demonstrated by the hand-knee bridge (P<.001) and side bridge (P = .002) exercises. The ADC change in the right QL following the side bridge exercise was significantly larger than that of other exercises (P<.008). Conclusion Of the 5 exercises investigated, the elbow-toe bridge and side bridge exercises elicit the greatest recruitment of the PM and QL, respectively. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(2):108-114. Epub 5 Nov 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.6730.

  4. The anteromedial approach to the psoas tendon in patients with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poonnoose, Pradeep M; Madhuri, Vrisha; Palocaren, Thomas

    2007-10-01

    Release of the psoas tendon for flexion deformity of the hip in children with cerebral palsy has traditionally been performed at the pelvic brim, lateral to the neurovascular bundle, or at its insertion into the lesser trochanter. As the psoas tendon is lateral to the pectineus, the traditional exposure of the tendon through an approach medial to the pectineus is limited by the extent to which the pectineus can be retracted proximally. We describe the use of the anteromedial approach used for the developmentally dislocated hip to expose the psoas tendon between the pectineus and the neurovascular bundle. This provides a much better visualisation of the tendon as it crosses the superior pubic ramus to its insertion. The use of this approach has not been described in cerebral palsy.

  5. Psoas hitch ureteral reimplantation in adults--analysis of a modified technique and timing of repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, M; Loughlin, K R

    2001-08-01

    The psoas hitch ureteral reimplantation technique has been used with great success to bridge defects in ureteral length due to injury or planned resection. Several surgical principles have been historically stressed when performing this procedure, including adequate mobilization of the bladder, fixation of the bladder to the psoas tendon before reimplantation, the use of a submucosal nonrefluxing-type ureteral anastomosis, and a 6-week delay before attempting repair after a surgical injury. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent ureteroneocystostomy with a psoas hitch, evaluated the relevance of these principles, and describe a modification of the technique. All patients undergoing psoas hitch ureteral reimplantation were reviewed. The indications, complications, and long-term outcomes were assessed. Between 1989 and 1999, 24 patients underwent psoas hitch reimplantation at our institution. The indications were operative injury in 11, planned surgical resection during nonurologic pelvic surgery in 4, cancer in 4, stricture in 4, and trauma in 1. Refluxing-type ureteral anastomoses were performed in 17 cases. One case of postoperative urosepsis occurred. A delayed repair after operative injury did not improve the operative time or overall morbidity. No cases of chronic flank pain, recurrent pyelonephritis, persistent severe hydronephrosis, or compromised renal function, as measured by a change in baseline serum creatinine level, occurred. No patient required reoperation for either early or delayed complications or failure of the repair at a follow-up of 1 to 122 months (mean 32.75). Psoas hitch ureteral reimplantation is an effective means of treating defects in ureteral length. Immediate repair may be safely undertaken as soon as the ureteral injury is recognized. Long-term sequelae are unusual in adults, even when using refluxing-type ureteral anastomoses.

  6. Purification and some physico-chemical and enzymic properties of a calcium ion-activated neutral proteinase from rabbit skeletal muscle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azanza, Jean-Louis; Raymond, Jacques; Robin, Jean-Michel; Cottin, Patrick; Ducastaing, André

    1979-01-01

    Ca2+-activated neutral proteinase was purified from rabbit skeletal muscle by a method involving DEAE-Sephacel chromatography, affinity chromatography on organomercurial–Sepharose and gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200 and Sephadex G-150. The SDS (sodium dodecyl sulphate)/polyacrylamide-gel-electrophoresis data show that the purified enzyme contains only one polypeptide chain of mol.wt. 73000. The purification procedure used allowed us to eliminate a contaminant containing two components of mol.wt. about 30000 each. Whole casein or α1-casein were hydrolysed with a maximum rate at 30°C, pH7.5, and with 5mm-CaCl2, but myofibrils were found to be a very susceptible substrate for this proteinase. This activity is associated with the destruction of the Z-discs, which is caused by the solubilization of the Z-line proteins. The activity of the proteinase in vitro is not limited to the removal of Z-line. SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis on larger plates showed the ability of the proteinase to degrade myofibrils more extensively than previously supposed. This proteolysis resulted in the production of a 30000-dalton component as well as in various other higher- and lower-molecular-weight peptide fragments. Troponin T, troponin I, α-tropomyosin, some high-molecular-weight proteins (M protein, heavy chain of myosin) and three unidentified proteins are degraded. Thus the number of proteinase-sensitive regions in the myofibrils is greater than as previously reported by Dayton, Goll, Zeece, Robson & Reville [(1976) Biochemistry 15, 2150–2158]. The Ca2+-activated neutral proteinase is not a chymotrypsin- or trypsin-like enzyme, but it reacted with all the classic thiol-proteinase inhibitors for cathepsin B, papain, bromelain and ficin. Thus the proteinase was proved to have an essential thiol group. Antipain and leupeptin are also inhibitors of the Ca2+-activated neutral proteinase. ImagesFig. 1.Fig. 2.Fig. 3. PMID:534501

  7. The calmodulin inhibitor CGS 9343B inhibits voltage-dependent K{sup +} channels in rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Hongliang; Hong, Da Hye; Kim, Han Sol; Kim, Hye Won [Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Physiology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, 200-701 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Won-Kyo [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Center for Marine-Integrated Biomedical Technology (BK21 Plus), Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of); Na, Sung Hun [Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kangwon National University Hospital, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 200-701 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, In Duk; Park, Yeong-Min [Department of Immunology, Lab of Dendritic Cell Differentiation and Regulation, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Il-Whan, E-mail: cihima@inje.ac.kr [Department of Microbiology, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, 614-735 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Won Sun, E-mail: parkws@kangwon.ac.kr [Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Physiology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, 200-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    We investigated the effects of the calmodulin inhibitor CGS 9343B on voltage-dependent K{sup +} (Kv) channels using whole-cell patch clamp technique in freshly isolated rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells. CGS 9343B inhibited Kv currents in a concentration-dependent manner, with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC{sub 50}) value of 0.81 μM. The decay rate of Kv channel inactivation was accelerated by CGS 9343B. The rate constants of association and dissociation for CGS 9343B were 2.77 ± 0.04 μM{sup −1} s{sup −1} and 2.55 ± 1.50 s{sup −1}, respectively. CGS 9343B did not affect the steady-state activation curve, but shifted the inactivation curve toward to a more negative potential. Train pulses (1 or 2 Hz) application progressively increased the CGS 9343B-induced Kv channel inhibition. In addition, the inactivation recovery time constant was increased in the presence of CGS 9343B, suggesting that CGS 9343B-induced inhibition of Kv channel was use-dependent. Another calmodulin inhibitor, W-13, did not affect Kv currents, and did not change the inhibitory effect of CGS 9343B on Kv current. Our results demonstrated that CGS 9343B inhibited Kv currents in a state-, time-, and use-dependent manner, independent of calmodulin inhibition. - Highlights: • We investigated the effects of CGS 9394B on Kv channels. • CGS 9394B inhibited Kv current in a state-, time-, and use-dependent manner. • Caution is required when using CGS 9394B in vascular function studies.

  8. EXPRESSION OF TISSUE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR IN SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS OF INJURED ILIAC ARTERIES IN RABBITS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓莉; 黄文英; 佘铭鹏; 李晓惠; 笪冀平

    1996-01-01

    In this experiment, expression of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in smooth muscle cells(SMCs) was measured at different iutervals after the arterial injury. In the normal lilac arteries, only low levels of t-PA activity were estimated, t-PA activity in extracts of the iliac arteries increased significantly at the 4th day after the injury, equivalent to the process that SMCs migrated from the media to the intima,and the t-PA activity was then decreased approximately to the normal level at the 7th day. Coexistent to the above data, results from in situ hybridization showed that the expression of t-PA mRNA in the intimaas well as media increased also significantly nr the 4th day after the arterial injury, and at the 7th day, t-PA mRNA was detected only in those SMCs locating closely adjacent to the internal elastic lamina. These results suggest that t-PA might play an important role in SMC migration following endothelial injury, and antagcaaism of t-PA expression and/or activity within the vessel wall might be helpful in intervening the devnlopment of restenosis following angioplasty.

  9. Influence of changes in external potassium and chloride ions on membrane potential and intracellular potassium ion activity in rabbit ventricular muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fozzard, H A; Lee, C O

    1976-04-01

    1. The membrane responses of rabbit papillary muscles to rapid changes in [K](o) and [Cl](o) were measured with open-tipped micropipettes and with closed micropipettes made from K-selective glass.2. The muscle cells behaved primarily as a K electrode, and responses to changes in [K](o) with constant [Cl](o) or with constant [K](o) x [Cl](o) were substantially the same.3. When [Cl](o) was changed at a constant [K](o) the membrane potentials changed rapidly and symmetrically by a small value and remained constant for 30 min.4. Measurement of potential with K(+)-selective micro-electrodes in these experiments showed no change in intracellular K activity. In addition to permitting calculation of K permeability, these measurements reassured us that the K(+)-selective electrodes were well insulated and not influenced by electrical shunts at the impalement site.5. Although the membrane response to changes in [Cl](o) was small, it was possible to calculate that the permeability ratio (P(Cl)/P(K)), was 0.11. The Cl and K conductances were about 0.015 mmho/cm(2) and 0.09 mmho/cm(2) respectively, resulting in a conductance ratio (g(Cl)/g(K)) of about 0.17.6. The time course of depolarization by increase in [K](o) was rapid (half-time 5 sec), but repolarization on return to lower [K](o) was much slower (half-time 50 sec). The depolarization time course was easily fitted by the potential change calculated by assuming the need for K diffusion into the extracellular spaces and taking account of the logarithmic relation between membrane potential and [K](o). These calculations did not fit the time course of repolarization, which was slowed in the fashion expected from an inward-rectifying membrane.7. The influence of [K](i) on membrane potential was investigated by changes in tonicity of the external solution. Hypotonic solution produced a change in intracellular K activity close to that produced by ideal water movement. However, in hypertonic solution, intracellular K activity

  10. Preparation of Preproinsulin Gene Construct Containing the Metallothionein2A (pBINDMTChIns and Its Expression in NIH3T3 Cell Line and Muscle Tissue of Alloxan Diabetic Rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piri

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Diabetes mellitus type 1, formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes, is one of the autoimmune diseases where insulin-producing cells are destroyed by autoimmune response via T cells. The new approaches in treatment of diabetes are using the stem cells, cell transplantation of islet β cell, gene transfer by virus based plasmids, and non-viral gene constructs. Objectives The purpose of this study was to construct glucose inducible insulin gene plasmid and use it in the muscle tissue of the rabbit. Materials and Methods To achieve this goal, the preproinsulin, metallothionein2A promoter and the response element to carbohydrate genes were cloned into pBIND plasmid by standard cloning methods, to construct pBINDMTChIns. The gene cloning products were confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR and restriction enzyme digestion template. The recombinant plasmid, containing the preproinsulin gene, was transferred into NIH3T3 cells and insulin gene expression was evaluated by reverse transcriptase PCR and western blotting techniques. Plasmid naked DNA containing the preproinsulin gene was injected into the rabbits’ thigh muscles, and its expression was confirmed by western blotting method. Results This study shows the prepared gene construct is inducible by glucose. Gene expression of preproinsulin was observed in muscle tissue of rabbits. Conclusions These finding indicated that research in diabetes mellitus gene therapy could be performed on larger animals.

  11. The effect of dietary supplementation of vitamins C and E on the α-tocopherol content of muscles, liver and kidney, on the stability of lipids, and on certain meat quality parameters of the longissimus dorsi of rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Fiego, D P; Santoro, P; Macchioni, P; Mazzoni, D; Piattoni, F; Tassone, F; De Leonibus, E

    2004-06-01

    The trial was carried out to investigate the effects of adding to the diet of rabbits vitamin E (40; 300; 500 ppm) and C (0; 500 ppm), on vitamin E deposition in the muscles and organs, on the oxidative stability of muscular lipids, and on various meat quality characteristics. The α-tocopherol content in muscles and organs was roughly doubled by feeding the highest levels of vitamin E; it was also increased by giving 500 ppm of vitamin C, but only in those muscles of rabbits receiving 40 ppm of vitamin E. The α-tocopherol content in tissues was negatively correlated with TBARS values of the longissimus dorsi (LD) at days 6 and 8 post mortem (p.m.). Five hundred parts per million (ppm) of vitamin C increased lipid stability of the LD at both 6 and 8 days p.m., though its effect was significant only with 40 ppm of vitamin E. Moreover, 500 ppm of vitamin C resulted in the lowest L(*) and highest pH values at all p.m. times, when the dietary vitamin E was equal to 40 ppm, and in the highest L(*) and lowest pH values when the vitamin E was equal to 300 ppm. Conversely, weight losses of the LD were the lowest, at days 6 and 8 p.m., in the group fed the highest levels of both vitamins.

  12. Effects of replacing palm oil with maize oil and Curcuma longa supplementation on the performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and fatty acid profile of the perirenal fat and muscle of growing rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peiretti, P G; Masoero, G; Meineri, G

    2011-04-01

    An experiment has been conducted to study the effects of the inclusion of plant oil in rabbit diets. This study was aimed at evaluating the beneficial effects of the inclusion of maize oil (MO), rich in unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs), compared to palm oil (PO) containing saturated fatty acids (SFAs), on the meat fatty acid (FA) profile. As UFAs are susceptible to rancidity, Curcuma longa (CL), which is known for its antioxidant properties, was also added (3 g/kg) to the diet with two plant oils. CL contains curcuminoids, volatile oils, sugars, proteins, resins and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). We also evaluated the influence of CL inclusion in the diet on the FA profile of the meat. Furthermore, the possibility of using these oil-enriched diets and the ability to assimilate CL in rabbits was evaluated by analysing the performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality. At the end of the experiment, there were no significant differences between the groups concerning the live weight, live weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, carcass yield or the percentages of edible organs. The hind legs, forelegs, loins and abdominal wall, breast and ribs, skin and limbs and head were not affected by the oil type or by the inclusion of CL. The chemical composition, pH and oxidative status of the Longissimus dorsi muscle of the rabbits fed the experimental diets were not affected by the oil source or by the CL supplementation. Conversely, it has been shown that it is possible to modify the FA profile of rabbit meat and fat by dietary means. The SFA/PUFA ratio significantly decreased from -18% to -16% in the meat and from -25% to -23% in the perirenal fat of the rabbits fed diets containing MO without or with CL supplementation, respectively, compared to same tissues of the rabbits fed diets containing PO without or with CL supplementation, respectively. Similar trends were found for the atherogenic index, which decreased from -20% to -17% in the meat and from

  13. Immuohistochemical study on smooth muscle cell proliferation, phenotypic modulation, and extracellular matrix accumulation in venous arterial grafts in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Wei-da; ZHU Hai-long

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study the kinetics and distribution of smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation, phenotypic modulation, and various extracellular matrix (ECM) components accumulation during vein graft remodeling. Methods: Normal vein and vein graft in carotid arteries were examined on d 4, d 7, d 14, d 60 and d180 after bypass grafting with immunohistochemical markers of cellular proliferation (proliferating cell nuclear antigen, PCNA), cytoskeletal protein production (α-actin SMC), myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms, ECM proteins, and histochemistry (hematoxylin eosin and Elastica-van Gieson stain). Results: Normal veins demonstrated an extremely low level of cellular proliferation and expressed as adult phenotype SMCs in media. After bypass grafting, medial SMCs in the graft appeared to be damaged and began to proliferate on d 4, and subsequently migrated and formed the neointima on d 7. Thereafter, the neointima thickened throughout the 180-day period of the experiment, although the neointimal SMC proliferation decreased after d 14. Meanwhile SMCs underwent a distinct phenotypic change from normal adult type to embryonic type.On d 60, embryonic phenotype SMCs began to return to the adult phenotype, but remain to be present in the neointima for as long as 180 d. ECM components including type Ⅰ collagen, heparin sulfate proteoglucan (HSPG), and dermatan sulfate proteoglcan (decorin) were detected within the neointima on d 7. Thereafter,the accumulation of ECM increased progressively with time. On d 180, a large amount of ECM components were found in the neointima. HSPG mainly accumulated in the superficial and cellular region of the neointima, decorin, on other hand, located in hypocellular area deep in neointima. Type Ⅰ collagen scatted in both regions. The elastic fibers became rich and arranged continuously in the neointima. Conclusion.. The neointima of vein graft was initially formed by proliferation of the embryonic-type SMCs and then thickened infinitely

  14. Effects of Icariin on Physiological Properties of Isolated Small Intestinal Smooth Muscle from the Rabbit%淫羊藿对家兔离体小肠平滑肌生理特性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付立波; 杨燕平; 付艳平

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the effects of Epimedium Icariine on activity of isolated small intestinal smooth muscle from rabbits. [Method] The routine experimental method of small intestinal (duodenum) smooth muscle isolated from rabbits is used to put in homotheimal smooth muscle and connect with tension pickup, signal are input into BL-420E biological function experiment system, then add with different con centrations of Epimedium Icariine solution, the automatic contracting characteristic and changing law in taking Epimedium Icariine before and af ter are recorded. [ Result ] Epimedium Icariine of different density (10 '4, 10 -3,10 -2 mol/L) have a restraining effect on automatic contracting activity of isolated small intestinal smooth muscle whose scope have remarkable differences comparing to taking ethanol before and after. [ Con clusion ] Epimedium Icariine has a direct inhibitory trend on small intestine smooth muscle.%[目的]观察淫羊藿苷对家免离体小肠平滑肌收缩活动的影响.[方法]取家兔离体小肠(十二指肠)肠段,将其置于恒温平滑肌槽中,连接张力传感器,信号输入BL-420E生物机能实验系统,加入不同浓度的淫羊藿苷溶液,分别记录小肠平滑肌的收缩活动.结果不同浓度淫羊藿苷( 10-4、10-3、10-2 mol/L)对小肠平滑肌自发收缩活动有抑制作用,其收缩幅度变化值与用药前比较差异显著.[结论]淫羊藿苷对小肠平滑肌活动有抑制性影响.

  15. Studies on adenosine triphosphate transphosphorylases. XVIII. Synthesis and preparation of peptides and peptide fragments of rabbit muscle ATP-AMP transphosphorylase (adenylate kinase) and their nucleotide-binding properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuby, S A; Hamada, M; Johnson, M S; Russell, G A; Manship, M; Palmieri, R H; Fleming, G; Bredt, D S; Mildvan, A S

    1989-08-01

    Two peptide fragments, derived from the head and tail of rabbit muscle myokinase, were found to possess remarkable and specific ligand-binding properties (Hamada et al., 1979). By initiating systematic syntheses and measurements of equilibrium substrate-binding properties of these two sets of peptides, or portions thereof, which encompass the binding sites for (a) the magnesium complexes of the nucleotide substrates (MgATP2- and MgADP-) and (b) the uncomplexed nucleotide substrates (ADP3- and AMP2-) of rabbit muscle myokinase, some of the requirements for binding of the substrates to ATP-AMP transphosphorylase are being deduced and chemically outlined. One requirement for tight nucleotide binding appears to be a minimum peptide length of 15-25 residues. In addition, Lys-172 and/or Lys-194 may be involved in the binding of epsilon AMP. The syntheses are described as a set of peptides corresponding to residues 31-45, 20-45, 5-45, and 1-45, and a set of peptides corresponding to residues 178-192, 178-194, and 172-194 of rabbit muscle adenylate kinase. The ligand-binding properties of the first set of synthetic peptides to the fluorescent ligands: epsilon MgATP/epsilon ATP and epsilon MgADP/epsilon ADP are quantitatively presented in terms of their intrinsic dissociation constants (K'd) and values of N (maximal number of moles bound per mole of peptide); and compared with the peptide fragment MT-I (1-44) obtained from rabbit muscle myokinase (Kuby et al., 1984) and with the native enzyme (Hamada et al., 1979). In addition, the values of N and K'd are given for the second set of synthetic peptides to the fluorescent ligands epsilon AMP and epsilon ADP as well as for the peptide fragments MT-XII(172-194) and CB-VI(126-194) (Kuby et al., 1984) and, in turn, compared with the native enzyme. A few miscellaneous dissociation constants which had been derived kinetically are also given for comparison (e.g., the Ki for epsilon AMP and the value of KMg epsilon ATP obtained for

  16. Native acetabular version: 3D CT analysis 
of the psoas valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmani, Humza Tariq; Henckel, Johann; Cobb, Justin; Hart, Alister J

    2013-01-01

    Insufficient version has been demonstrated to be a significant factor in increasing metal-on-metal cup wear. Another implication is the impingement of the psoas tendon at the anatomical depression on the anterior acetabular rim, called the psoas valley. It is not known whether the psoas valley has any anatomical significance when measuring native version. The effect of this landmark on the measurement of acetabular version has not been assessed using 3D CT.
Sixty five high resolution CT scans of non-diseased hips (performed for colonography) were used to measure the anatomical version angles of the bony acetabular rim. Our new method, using the psoas valley, was compared to the reference method, which used the full 320° of the acetabular rim. The measurement of acetabular version was highly reproducible between the methods. Both methods measured the angle of version over a wide range: 5° to 35° for males and 10° to 40° for females. There were no statistically significant differences between genders (p = 0.3670). The Bland-Altman 1.96 SD lower and upper limits of agreement between the two methods were +4.6° and -4.3°, respectively. Intra-observer and inter-observer reliability were high for the new method. This adds to our understanding of native bony anatomy, and specifically provides a landmark that 3D CT has demonstrated to be potentially useful in assessing native version.

  17. Is there a relationship between psoas impingement and increased trochanteric retroversion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Hoyos, Juan; Schröder, Ricardo; Reddy, Manoj; Palmer, Ian J; Khoury, Anthony; Martin, Hal David

    2015-07-01

    The concept of psoas impingement secondary to a tight or inflamed iliopsoas tendon causing impingement of the anterior labrum during hip extension has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the lesser trochanteric version (LTV) in symptomatic patients with psoas impingement as compared with asymptomatic hips. The femoral neck version (FNV) and LTV were evaluated on axial magnetic resonance imaging, as well as the angle between LTV and FNV. Data from 12 symptomatic patients and 250 asymptomatic patients were analysed. The mean, range and standard deviations were calculated. Independent t-tests were used to determine differences between groups. The lesser trochanteric retroversion was significantly increased in patients with psoas impingement as compared with asymptomatic hips (-31.1° SD ± 6.5 versus -24.2° ± 11.5, P  0.05) and the angle between FNV and LTV (40.2° ± 9.7 versus 38.3° ± 9.6, P > 0.05) were not significantly different between groups. In conclusion, the lesser trochanteric retroversion is significantly increased in patients with psoas impingement as compared with asymptomatic hips.

  18. Psoas impingement causing labrum tear: a series from three tertiary hip arthroscopy centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascio, Brett M; King, David; Yen, Yi-Meng

    2013-01-01

    The term hip impingement is usually associated with psoas impingement after arthroplasty or femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A recently, less commonly described mechanism of impingement and labrum pathology is the psoas tendon applying pressure to the acetabular labrum more medial to the typical FAI labrum lesion. Much is still unkown about the anatomy, pathology, and treatment of this entity. This paper describes the successful arthroscopic treatment of a series of patients with a recently recognized cause of hip pain in the young athletic population without significant bony pathology or coxa saltans. Awareness of this entity is important to allow appropriate treatment of the labrum and psoas tendon. Seven hundred hip arthroscopies by three surgeons at different centers were retrospectively reviewed. Athletes with labrum tears from the two to three o'clock position were evaluated for inclusion in the study. Patients with osteoarthritis, crossover sign, coxa profunda, CAM lesion, acute trauma, or coxa saltans were excluded. All authors were the primary surgeons and are fellowship-trained hip arthroscopists working in tertiary hip arthroscopy centers. Pre- and postoperative Harris Hip scores were obtained. Patients underwent diagnostic and therapeutic hip arthroscopy. The psoas tendon was released in all patients at the level of the capsule via a transcapsular approach. Labrum repairs were performed when deemed beneficial by the operative surgeon. Twenty-two patients (26 hips, 4 bilateral) were identified with a labrum tear apparently caused by psoas impingement and had no other significant hip abnormalities. All but one were female. Average age was 19 (12-25 years). Labral repair was performed in all but two patients. Average anchors used were 1.2 per hip. Pre- and postoperative Harris hip scores were obtained with a minimum follow-up of six months for 16 patients. Average Harris hip score improved from 70 preop to 94 postop. There were no significant

  19. Clinical outcomes after arthroscopic psoas lengthening: the effect of femoral version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabricant, Peter D; Bedi, Asheesh; De La Torre, Katrina; Kelly, Bryan T

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association between femoral anteversion and clinical outcomes after arthroscopic lengthening of a symptomatic, snapping psoas tendon in young patients. Sixty-seven consecutive patients with symptomatic coxa saltans underwent arthroscopic psoas tendon lengthening through a transcapsular approach during a 3-year period by a single arthroscopic hip surgeon. Demographic and clinical variables were collected. Patients were divided into low/normal femoral version and high femoral version groups and analyzed for association of femoral version with clinical outcomes as measured by the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) and Hip Outcome Score (HOS) preoperatively and postoperatively with a minimum of 6 months' follow-up (range, 6 to 24 months). Two-sample t tests were used for data analysis, with P 25°) associated with worse HOS sports subscale scores (26.6 v 50.0 for excessive v low/normal anteversion, P = .013) and no difference in mHHS and HOS activities-of-daily living subscale scores. Postoperative mHHS scores were significantly different (76.9 v 86.1 for excessive v low/normal anteversion, P = .031). No association was noted between clinical outcome measures and any other clinical or demographic variable (P > .05). Patients with increased femoral anteversion may be at greater risk for inferior clinical outcomes after arthroscopic lengthening of a symptomatic, snapping psoas tendon. The psoas tendon may be an important passive and dynamic stabilizer of the hip in these patients, and release may result in a greater alteration of kinematics with high-demand activities, particularly terminal extension and external rotation when the tendon is typically at its highest tension. These results may help surgeons identify which patients may be at risk for inferior clinical outcome after psoas lengthening. Copyright © 2012 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Interactions between connected half-sarcomeres produce emergent mechanical behavior in a mathematical model of muscle.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth S Campbell

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Most reductionist theories of muscle attribute a fiber's mechanical properties to the scaled behavior of a single half-sarcomere. Mathematical models of this type can explain many of the known mechanical properties of muscle but have to incorporate a passive mechanical component that becomes approximately 300% stiffer in activating conditions to reproduce the force response elicited by stretching a fast mammalian muscle fiber. The available experimental data suggests that titin filaments, which are the mostly likely source of the passive component, become at most approximately 30% stiffer in saturating Ca2+ solutions. The work described in this manuscript used computer modeling to test an alternative systems theory that attributes the stretch response of a mammalian fiber to the composite behavior of a collection of half-sarcomeres. The principal finding was that the stretch response of a chemically permeabilized rabbit psoas fiber could be reproduced with a framework consisting of 300 half-sarcomeres arranged in 6 parallel myofibrils without requiring titin filaments to stiffen in activating solutions. Ablation of inter-myofibrillar links in the computer simulations lowered isometric force values and lowered energy absorption during a stretch. This computed behavior mimics effects previously observed in experiments using muscles from desmin-deficient mice in which the connections between Z-disks in adjacent myofibrils are presumably compromised. The current simulations suggest that muscle fibers exhibit emergent properties that reflect interactions between half-sarcomeres and are not properties of a single half-sarcomere in isolation. It is therefore likely that full quantitative understanding of a fiber's mechanical properties requires detailed analysis of a complete fiber system and cannot be achieved by focusing solely on the properties of a single half-sarcomere.

  1. Interactions between connected half-sarcomeres produce emergent mechanical behavior in a mathematical model of muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Kenneth S

    2009-11-01

    Most reductionist theories of muscle attribute a fiber's mechanical properties to the scaled behavior of a single half-sarcomere. Mathematical models of this type can explain many of the known mechanical properties of muscle but have to incorporate a passive mechanical component that becomes approximately 300% stiffer in activating conditions to reproduce the force response elicited by stretching a fast mammalian muscle fiber. The available experimental data suggests that titin filaments, which are the mostly likely source of the passive component, become at most approximately 30% stiffer in saturating Ca2+ solutions. The work described in this manuscript used computer modeling to test an alternative systems theory that attributes the stretch response of a mammalian fiber to the composite behavior of a collection of half-sarcomeres. The principal finding was that the stretch response of a chemically permeabilized rabbit psoas fiber could be reproduced with a framework consisting of 300 half-sarcomeres arranged in 6 parallel myofibrils without requiring titin filaments to stiffen in activating solutions. Ablation of inter-myofibrillar links in the computer simulations lowered isometric force values and lowered energy absorption during a stretch. This computed behavior mimics effects previously observed in experiments using muscles from desmin-deficient mice in which the connections between Z-disks in adjacent myofibrils are presumably compromised. The current simulations suggest that muscle fibers exhibit emergent properties that reflect interactions between half-sarcomeres and are not properties of a single half-sarcomere in isolation. It is therefore likely that full quantitative understanding of a fiber's mechanical properties requires detailed analysis of a complete fiber system and cannot be achieved by focusing solely on the properties of a single half-sarcomere.

  2. Laparoscopic ovariectomy in rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Al-Badrany

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A comparative evaluation of three different techniques of laparoscopic ovariectomy was carried out in 33 healthy female in rabbits, which included resection and removal of ovary after clip application, electrocautery of the ovary, then resection, and pulling ovary outside abdomen, ligation by silk, then ovary was removed. The ovaries and associated structures were better visualized by laparoscopy and all three techniques were carried out perfectly. All rabbits after operation were healthy and they were monitored for one month after operation. However, 3 of them died after operation, two of them died due to bleeding and the other of them died due to unknown causes. General anesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine i.m., was suitable for this technique, and the anesthesia provided good analgesia and good muscle relaxation. CO2 was used to establish pneumoperitoneum. In conclusion, resection and removal of the ovaries after clip application technique was found superior to the other two techniques.

  3. Modified Psoas Hitch with Lich-Gregoir Onlay Technique for the Reconstruction of Lower Ureter during Gynecologic or Obstetric Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tahmaz, Lutfu; Irkilata, Hasan Cem; Goktolga, Umit; Yildirim, Ibrahim; Bozkurt, Yasar; Basal, Seref; Dayanc, Murat

    2010-01-01

    ... institution by the same reconstructive surgery team. Additionally, we used a urethral catheter balloon as a landmark for the bladder mucosa and fixed the bladder to the psoas tendon by using the balloon...

  4. Tuberculous psoas abscess with Pott's disease in 5year old child presenting as lower abdominal and pelvic mass.

    OpenAIRE

    Yadav, Vishal Sachchidanand; Yadac, Vikas Sachchidanand

    2013-01-01

    Psoas abscess in the pediatric population is a rare clinical entity with various etiologies and non-specific clinical presentation, frequently resulting in delayed diagnosis, increased morbidity and prolonged hospitalization. We report a case of a primary psoas abscess with Pott's disease due to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection in an immunocompetent 5yr old female child that presented with left lower abdominal pain and a soft tissue mass over the left iliac fossa (LIF) and inguinal r...

  5. Adipose tissue and muscle attenuation as novel biomarkers predicting mortality in patients with extremity sarcomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veld, Joyce; Vossen, Josephina A.; Torriani, Martin; Bredella, Miriam A. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); De Amorim Bernstein, Karen [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiation Oncology, Francis H Burr Proton Therapy Center, Boston, MA (United States); Halpern, Elkan F. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Institute of Technology Assessment, Boston, MA (United States)

    2016-12-15

    To assess CT-attenuation of abdominal adipose tissue and psoas muscle as predictors of mortality in patients with sarcomas of the extremities. Our study was IRB approved and HIPAA compliant. The study group comprised 135 patients with history of extremity sarcoma (mean age: 53 ± 17 years) who underwent whole body PET/CT. Abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and psoas muscle attenuation (HU) was assessed on non-contrast, attenuation-correction CT. Clinical information including survival, tumour stage, sarcoma type, therapy and pre-existing comorbidities were recorded. Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine longitudinal associations between adipose tissue and muscle attenuation and mortality. There were 47 deaths over a mean follow-up period of 20 ± 17 months. Higher SAT and lower psoas attenuation were associated with increased mortality (p = 0.03 and p = 0.005, respectively), which remained significant after adjustment for age, BMI, sex, tumor stage, therapy, and comorbidities (p = 0.002 and p = 0.02, respectively). VAT attenuation was not associated with mortality. Attenuation of SAT and psoas muscle, assessed on non-contrast CT, are predictors of mortality in patients with extremity sarcomas, independent of other established prognostic factors, suggesting that adipose tissue and muscle attenuation could serve as novel biomarkers for mortality in patients with sarcomas. (orig.)

  6. Bilateral psoas and bilateral perinephric abscesses complicating acute pyelonephritis in pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Acute pyelonephritis complicates 1-2% of pregnancies and causes significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of renal tuberculosis (TB) is often delayed and commonly presents with sterile pyuria or along with other pyogenic organisms. We report a case where the diagnosis of renal TB was missed in a pregnant woman when she presented with acute pyelonephritis, septic shock, and acute renal failure. There was clinical recovery with antibiotics, but bilateral psoas and pe...

  7. Outcome of percutaneous continuous drainage of psoas abscess: A clinically guided technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bharat R Dave

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Percutaneous aspiration of abscesses under ultrasonography (USG and computer tomography (CT scan has been well described. With recurrence rate reported as high as 66%. The open drainage and percutaneous continuous drainage (PCD has reduced the recurrence rate. The disadvantage of PCD under CT is radiation hazard and problems of asepsis. Hence a technique of clinically guided percutaneous continuous drainage of the psoas abscess without real-time imaging overcomes these problems. We describe clinically guided PCD of psoas abscess and its outcome. Materials and Methods: Twenty-nine patients with dorsolumbar spondylodiscitis without gross neural deficit with psoas abscess of size >5 cm were selected for PCD. It was done as a day care procedure under local anesthesia. Sequentially, aspiration followed by guide pin-guided trocar and catheter insertion was done without image guidance. Culture sensitivity was done and chemotherapy initiated and catheter kept till the drainage was <10 ml for 48 hours. Outcome assessment was done with relief of pain, successful abscess drainage and ODI (Oswestry Disability Index score at 2 years. Results: PCD was successful in all cases. Back and radicular pain improved in all cases. Average procedure time was 24.30 minutes, drain output was 234.40 ml, and the drainage duration was 7.90 days. One patient required surgical stabilisation due to progression of the spondylodiscitis resulting in instability inspite of successful drainage of abscess. Problems with the procedure were noticed in six patients. Multiple attempts ( n = 2, persistent discharge ( n = 1 for 2 weeks, blocked catheter ( n = 2 and catheter pull out ( n = 1 occurred with no effect on the outcome. The average ODI score improved from 62.47 to 5.51 at 2 years. Conclusions: Clinically guided PCD is an efficient, safe and easy procedure in drainage of psoas abscess.

  8. Psoas Major: a case report and review of its anatomy, biomechanics, and clinical implications

    OpenAIRE

    Sajko, Sandy; Stuber, Kent

    2009-01-01

    A 25-year-old male professional hockey player with right sided hip pain was diagnosed with myofascopathy of the right psoas major and rectus femoris. The patient maintained a conservative treatment regimen and was prescribed a four week active strengthening program. The program progressed from resisted concentric exercise to eccentric abduction/adduction exercises along with balance training, core stabilizing and endurance exercises in the first two weeks. In the final two weeks the program p...

  9. Sepsis, absceso del psoas y artritis séptica de cadera por Yersinia enterocolitica

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    García-Gil, Daniel; Domínguez-Fuentes, Belén; Riquelme-Montáñez, Pedro; Calvo-Durán, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    ... de sepsis por Y. enterocolitica , piomiositis-absceso del psoas y artritis séptica de cadera en un paciente sin enfermedad predisponente reconocible. Según la revisión bibliográfica efectuada, es la primera aportación a la bibliografía médica de esta complicación infecciosa con la secuencia de acontecimientos clínicos descritos en el mism...

  10. A Late-onset Psoas Abscess Formation Associated with Previous Appendectomy: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Sam Moslemi; Maryam Tahamtan; Seyed Vahid Hosseini

    2014-01-01

    Psoas abscesses could originate from an adjacent source of infection in the abdominopelvic cavity known as a secondary complication of acute appendicitis. However, it is considered as a very rare event when occurring late after the presentation of appendicitis. Whether it is the source or complication of acute appendicitis following appendectomy remains unclear. A 25-year-old man was admitted to our center with fever and abdominal pain. His past medical history was unremarkable except for hav...

  11. The ultrasound guided psoas-compartment-block fundamentals and technique for a new regional anaesthetic procedure

    CERN Document Server

    Kirchmair, L P M

    2001-01-01

    Ultrasound (US) has proven to be an useful adjunct during the performance of peripheral nerve blocks. This study is the first dealing with the application of US guidance for the psoas-compartment-block which is used to achieve lumbar plexus blockades. A pilot study was carried out to establish the US anatomy of the lumbar paravertebral region and its blood vessels. Moreover, suitable transducers and US frequencies were assessed. The feasibility of US imaging of the psoas-compartment was studied on healthy volunteers (N=21) of varying body types (normal weight: N= 13; overweight: N=5; obese: N=3) in a first volunteer study. Additionally, the skin-plexus distances were measured. A second volunteer study (N=21) was carried out to investigate the US anatomy of the paravertebral blood vessels by means of power Doppler sonography. The technique of an US guided approach to the psoas-compartment was tested on embalmed cadavers (N=10) at the levels L2/L3, L3/L4 and L4/L5. Accuracy and safety of this technique were ver...

  12. Regrowth of the psoas tendon after arthroscopic tenotomy: a magnetic resonance imaging study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Márquez Arabia, William Henry; Gómez-Hoyos, Juan; Llano Serna, Juan Fernando; Aguilera Bohorquez, Bernardo; Nossa Barrera, Juan Manuel; Márquez Arabia, Jorge Jaime; Clavijo Rodríguez, Mónica Paola; Gallo Villegas, Jaime Alberto

    2013-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the psoas tendon regenerates after arthroscopic tenotomy through the central compartment of the hip in patients with internal snapping hip. Twenty-seven patients with a snapping hip, aged 18 to 54 years (mean, 37.47 years), underwent arthroscopic tenotomy through the central compartment of the hip; all patients had symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement as well. The degree of regeneration was evaluated by preoperative and postoperative measurements of the tendon perimeter with a magnetic resonance imaging protocol in patients with more than 6 months' follow-up. In addition, function was assessed preoperatively and postoperatively with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score. Postoperative active flexion force was graded clinically between 1 and 5 with the Medical Research Council score. Eight patients had less than 6 months' follow-up, and they were excluded. The remaining 19 patients were evaluated after a mean follow-up period of 23.16 months (SD, 12.95 months). Tendon regeneration occurred in all patients. Compared with preoperative measurement, the psoas tendon circumference had recovered by 84.3% on average (55.44 ± 5.68 mm v 46.71 ± 6.05 mm, P psoas tenotomy, and the findings on magnetic resonance imaging suggest that tendon tissue regrowth occurs. Level IV, therapeutic case series. Copyright © 2013 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. [Psoas abscess after ureteral stent exchange for cutaneous ureterostomy: report of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sano, Taichi; Tomita, Keiji; Takimoto, Keita; Kim, Chul Jang

    2012-07-01

    A 69-year-old man underwent a radical cystectomy and cutaneous ureterostomy for carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder. The ureteral stents were exchanged for cutaneous ureterostomy 35 days after the operation. The patient suffered from high fever with chills a few hours after the stent exchange, and was readmitted to our hospital. High fever was not improved by treatment with Ceftriaxone for 5 days. Five days after the stent exchange, computed tomography (CT) revealed a right psoas abscess. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was detected in the blood culture. Urine culture showed MRSA, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecium. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous catheter drainage and treatment consisting of vancomycin, minocycline and ciprofloxacin were performed for the psoas abscess. This treatment significantly reduced the size of the abscess and high fever was improved. The catheter was removed 22 days after the drainage. However, magnetic resonance imaging revealed a spondylitis at L4 and L5. Therefore, antibiotics treatment was continued for about 3 months. There has been no sign of recurrence of bladder cancer and psoas abscess at 23 months after the operation.

  14. Effects of Oridonin on Activities of Rabbit' s Intestinal Smooth Muscle%冬凌草甲素对家兔肠平滑肌活动的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敏; 卢静; 牟金金; 徐珽

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨冬凌草甲素对家兔离体肠道平滑肌的影响.方法 以家兔肠张力为指标,给予同一离体盲肠相同剂量的冬凌草甲素粗提物水溶液、乙酰胆碱、硫酸阿托品、新斯的明,对比不同影响;给予不同剂量的冬凌草甲素粗提物水溶液,对比不同影响.结果 冬凌草甲素对家兔肠平滑肌张力无明显影响.结论 家兔肠平滑肌对冬凌草甲素不敏感,这为冬凌草甲素的临床应用提供了可靠的生理依据.%Objective To study the effects of oridonin on the activities of rabbit' s intestinal smooth muscle. Methods With the tensility of intestinal smooth muscle as the index,the changes of contractibility of the intestinal smooth muscle were observed. The effects after administration of the same dosage of the crude extract aqueous solution of oridonin, acetylcholine, atropine sulfate and neostigmine were compared and the effects after administration of different dosages of oridonin were also compared subsequently. Results Obvious effects of oridonin on the contractibility of the intestinal smooth muscle were not observed. Conclusion Intestinal smooth muscle is not sensitive to oridonin,which may provide the reliable basis for the clinical application of oridonin.

  15. Differences in the Charge Distribution of Glycerol-Extracted Muscle Fibers in Rigor, Relaxation, and Contraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pemrick, Suzanne M.; Edwards, Charles

    1974-01-01

    Glycerol-extracted rabbit psoas muscle fibers were impaled with KCl-filled glass microelectrodes. For fibers at rest-length, the potentials were significantly more negative in solutions producing relaxation than in solutions producing either rigor or contraction; further the potentials in the latter two cases were not significantly different. For stretched fibers, with no overlap between thick and thin filaments, the potentials did not differ in the rigor, the relaxation, or the contraction solutions. The potentials measured from fibers in rigor did not vary significantly with the sarcomere length. For relaxed fibers, however, the potential magnitude decreased with increasing sarcomere length. The difference between the potentials measured for rigor and relaxed fibers exhibited a nonlinear relationship with sarcomere length. The potentials from calcium-insensitive fibers were less negative in both the rigor and the relaxation solutions than those from normal fibers. When calcium-insensitive fibers had been incubated in Hasselbach and Schneider's solution plus MgCl2 or Guba-Straub's solution plus MgATP the potentials recorded upon impalement were similar in the rigor and the relaxation solution to those obtained from normal fibers in the relaxed state. It is concluded that the increase in the negative potential as the glycerinated fiber goes from rigor to relaxation may be due to an alteration in the conformation of the contractile proteins in the relaxed state. PMID:4443791

  16. 高剂量照射兔骨骼肌放射损伤的超微病理研究%Ultrastructural pathological study on skeletal muscle injury in rabbit after a high-dose radiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙威; 曹秀峰; 倪新初; 孙苏平; 蔡雷铭; 于静萍; 王坚; 聂斌; 孙志强; 倪昕晔

    2012-01-01

    Objective To establish a rabbit model of radiation-induced skeletal muscle injury in order to study the ultrastructural pathological changes and underlying mechanism.Methods 28 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 2 groups with 16 rabbits in experimental group and 12 rabbits in control group.The experimental rabbits were irradiated on hip with a single dose of 80 Gy of 9 MeV electrons from a linear accelerator.1 month and 6 months after irradiation the pathological changes were respectively observed under light microscope and electron microscope.Results One month after irradiation,the morphologic changes including degeneration,necrosis of muscle cells,and hemorrhage between the muscle cells were observed under light microscope and the swelling of myofibrillae,blurring of light and shade band,vacuolar degeneration of mitochondria and amorphous areas of necrosis were observed under electron microscope.Six months after irradiation,the morphologic changes of nucleolus chips,fibrous connective tissue,thickening of vascular wall and vascular congestion between the muscle cells and the amorphous areas of necrosis in the experimental group were much more serious than those of 1 month after irradiation.In addition,the myofilaments were lost in degeneration areas and the sarcomere became shorten.Observation with electron microscope showed that the mitochondrial size and its morphological changes were varied and the amounts of collagen between myofibrillaes were increased 6 months after irradiation.Conclusions A rabbit model of high-dose irradiated skeleton muscle injury was successfully established with a single dose of 80 Gy of 9 MeV electrons from a linear accelerator.The degeneration and necrosis of muscle cells may be promoted by mitochondrial and vascular injury,degeneration of vessel and nerve fiber.%目的 建立新西兰兔骨骼肌高剂量照射放射损伤模型,研究病理改变.方法 采用随机数字表法将28只新西兰兔分为照射

  17. Structural features of cross-bridges in isometrically contracting skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraft, Theresia; Mattei, Thomas; Radocaj, Ante; Piep, Birgit; Nocula, Christoph; Furch, Markus; Brenner, Bernhard

    2002-05-01

    Two-dimensional x-ray diffraction was used to investigate structural features of cross-bridges that generate force in isometrically contracting skeletal muscle. Diffraction patterns were recorded from arrays of single, chemically skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers during isometric force generation, under relaxation, and in rigor. In isometric contraction, a rather prominent intensification of the actin layer lines at 5.9 and 5.1 nm and of the first actin layer line at 37 nm was found compared with those under relaxing conditions. Surprisingly, during isometric contraction, the intensity profile of the 5.9-nm actin layer line was shifted toward the meridian, but the resulting intensity profile was different from that observed in rigor. We particularly addressed the question whether the differences seen between rigor and active contraction might be due to a rigor-like configuration of both myosin heads in the absence of nucleotide (rigor), whereas during active contraction only one head of each myosin molecule is in a rigor-like configuration and the second head is weakly bound. To investigate this question, we created different mixtures of weak binding myosin heads and rigor-like actomyosin complexes by titrating MgATPgammaS at saturating [Ca2+] into arrays of single muscle fibers. The resulting diffraction patterns were different in several respects from patterns recorded under isometric contraction, particularly in the intensity distribution along the 5.9-nm actin layer line. This result indicates that cross-bridges present during isometric force generation are not simply a mixture of weakly bound and single-headed rigor-like complexes but are rather distinctly different from the rigor-like cross-bridge. Experiments with myosin-S1 and truncated S1 (motor domain) support the idea that for a force generating cross-bridge, disorder due to elastic distortion might involve a larger part of the myosin head than for a nucleotide free, rigor cross-bridge.

  18. Rabbit hematology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Kemba L

    2008-09-01

    Using laboratory animal medicine as an established resource, companion animal veterinarians have access to many physiologic and basic science studies that we can now merge with our clinical impressions. By working with reference laboratories, companion animal veterinarians are poised to accelerate our knowledge of the normal rabbit rapidly. The aim of this article is to discuss normal hematopoiesis and infectious and metabolic diseases that specifically target the hemolymphatic system. Additionally, photographic representation of cell types is provided.

  19. Reflections of hunger and satiation in the structure of temporal organization of slow electrical and spike activities of fundal and antral stomach muscles in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kromin, A A; Zenina, O Yu

    2012-11-01

    Manifestations of hunger and satiation in myoelectric activity patterns in different portions of the stomach were studied in chronic experiments. The state of hunger manifested in the structure of temporal organization of slow electric activity of muscles in the stomach body and antrum in the form of bimodal distributions of slow electric wave periods, while satiation as unimodal distribution. In hunger-specific bimodal distribution of slow electric wave periods generated by muscles of the stomach body and antrum, the position of the first maximum carries the information about oncoming food reinforcement, since this particular range of slow wave fluctuations determines temporal parameters of slow electric activity of muscles in all stomach regions in the course of subsequent successive food-procuring behavior. Under conditions of hunger, the pacemaker features of muscles in the lesser curvature are realized incompletely. Complete realization is achieved in the course of food intake and at the state of satiation.

  20. Navigation is Equal to Estimation by Eye and Palpation in Preventing Psoas Impingement in THA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Markus; Woerner, Michael; Messmer, Benedikt; Grifka, Joachim; Renkawitz, Tobias

    2017-01-01

    Iliopsoas tendon impingement is one possible reason for persistent groin pain and diminished functional outcome after THA. So far, estimation by eye and palpation is the standard procedure to intraoperatively assess the distance of the cup to the anterior rim. However, novel technologies such as imageless navigation enable intraoperative measurements of the cup in relation to the psoas tendon and bony landmarks. We asked whether psoas impingement (1) can be reduced using imageless navigation compared with the standard technique and (2) is associated with specific patient characteristics. Furthermore, we investigated (3) if anterior cup protrusion (overhang) is associated with lower outcome scores for pain and function. The current study is a reanalysis of data from a randomized controlled trial evaluating navigation for THA; 135 patients were randomized for surgery with or without the use of imageless navigation. The risk for anterior protrusion of the cup above the acetabular rim and thus potential psoas impingement, defined as an overhang of the cup above the anterior acetabular rim as measured on postoperative CT, was either controlled with the help of navigation or standard control by eye and palpation intraoperatively. Postoperatively, the anterior protrusion of the cup above the acetabular rim was measured on three-dimensional (3-D) CT by a blinded, external institute. In addition to patient-related outcome measures, the Harris hip score, Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, and EuroQol were obtained 1 year postoperatively. Altogether 123 data sets were available for primary analysis and 115 were available for 1-year followup. There was no difference, with the numbers available, between the navigated and the control groups in terms of the mean distance of the cup below the anterosuperior acetabular rim (3.9 mm; -5.3 to 12.6 mm versus 4.4 mm; -7.9 to 13.7 mm; p = 0.72) or the anteroinferior acetabular rim (4.7 mm; -6.2 to 14.8 mm versus 4.2 mm; -7

  1. Effects of rifampin-chitosan-calcium alginate sustained release microspheres in spinal tuberculosis models in rabbits%利福平-壳聚糖-海藻酸钙缓释微球在兔脊柱结核模型中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚博; 方继锋; 侯耀鹏; 李庆富; 王先泉

    2015-01-01

    vertebral body through the insertion of the standard Tuberculose strainH37Rv,to establish a rabbit model of spinal tuberculosis.group A was the control group,each rabbit fed with rifampin 12 mg/(kg·d) in group B;each rabbit fed with rifampin 12 mg/(kg·d) ten para vertebral to rifampicin(rifampin release microspheres containing 75 mg/kg) in group C,drug release in vitro in nature and effect of antituberculosis in three groups were investigate.Results (1) Rifampin microspheres with smooth surface,sphere of good uniformity,no adhesion phenomenon.(2) Rifampin microspheres loading (34.58 ± 1.47)%,the entrapment efficiency was (56.23 ± 1.55)%.(3)Lumbar vertebrae 5,6 were obviously damaged in group A,narrowing of intervertebral space,1 obvious kyphotic deformity.5 rabbit psoas swelling,psoas muscle can be seen in the dark region with low density.Waist 5 vertebral body and waist 6 vertebral body of 6 rabbits has obvious damage in Group B,2 rabbit psoas swelling.In group C,waist 6 vertebral upper mild bone destruction,waist 5,6 vertebra clearance of 7 rabbits was not changed in group C,another 3 cases still no significant radio graphic changes after operation 12 weeks.(4) The in vivo experiment results show that,the rifampicin microspheres according to the dose implanted vertebral containing rifampin 75 mg/kg side,para spinal muscles and vertebral Nellie rifampin concentration can be maintained in TB minimum inhibitory concentration (MCI) above continuously in group C at 49 d after operation.Conclusion Drilling through vertebral implantation of mycobacterium tuberculosis can establish rabbit spinal tuberculosis model,RFP-CS-CA nano microspheres for controlled release chemotherapy can increase para spinal local drug concentration,effectively inhibit mycobacterial growth.

  2. Rapid depletion of marbofloxacin residues in rabbit after therapeutic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligabue, Matteo; Lucchetti, Dario; Catone, Tiziana; Fabrizi, Laura; Marvasi, Luigi; Zaghini, Anna; Coni, Ettore

    2005-11-01

    Although rabbit meat production represents a very small percentage of the world meat market, this percentage has been growing continuously during the last 30 years. Rabbit is considered a minor food species, and therefore no drugs are specifically registered for this animal. This situation encourages rabbit farmers to make off-label use of antibacterial drugs authorized for food-producing animal species other than rabbits. In the present study, the distribution and elimination of the fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent marbofloxacin in rabbit muscle, liver, and kidney was investigated. Marbofloxacin was chosen as a representative of a new generation of antibacterial drugs active against most gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and mycoplasms; it is well tolerated and has short elimination times in bovine and swine species. Rabbits were treated with marbofloxacin at 2 mg kg of body weight(-1) for 5 days. Residual concentrations in liver, kidney, and muscle tissues were determined posttreatment with high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection. Marbofloxacin was rapidly distributed and eliminated from rabbit tissues. Concentrations were higher in the liver and kidney than in muscle. However, 48 h after the end of treatment, marbofloxacin concentrations dropped below the maximum residue level fixed for this antibacterial drug in cattle and pigs. Considering the efficacy of marbofloxacin for the treatment of the most common rabbit diseases, its tolerability, and its short elimination time as verified in the present study, use of this antibacterial drug could be extended to therapeutic treatment of rabbits.

  3. The Psoas Compartment Block for Hip Surgery: The Past, Present, and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. de Leeuw

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A posterior lumbar plexus block or psoas compartment block (PCB is an effective locoregional anesthetic technique for analgesia and anesthesia of the entire lower extremity including the hip. Since the first description in the early seventies, this technique has been modified based on advanced knowledge of the anatomical localization of the lumbar plexus and the improvement of technical equipment. This paper provides an overview of the history, clinical efficacy, and risk profile of the PCB focused on hip surgery. Current status and future expectations are discussed.

  4. Three-dimensional representation of complex muscle architectures and geometries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blemker, Silvia S; Delp, Scott L

    2005-05-01

    Almost all computer models of the musculoskeletal system represent muscle geometry using a series of line segments. This simplification (i) limits the ability of models to accurately represent the paths of muscles with complex geometry and (ii) assumes that moment arms are equivalent for all fibers within a muscle (or muscle compartment). The goal of this work was to develop and evaluate a new method for creating three-dimensional (3D) finite-element models that represent complex muscle geometry and the variation in moment arms across fibers within a muscle. We created 3D models of the psoas, iliacus, gluteus maximus, and gluteus medius muscles from magnetic resonance (MR) images. Peak fiber moment arms varied substantially among fibers within each muscle (e.g., for the psoas the peak fiber hip flexion moment arms varied from 2 to 3 cm, and for the gluteus maximus the peak fiber hip extension moment arms varied from 1 to 7 cm). Moment arms from the literature were generally within the range of fiber moment arms predicted by the 3D models. The models accurately predicted changes in muscle surface geometry over a 55 degrees range of hip flexion, as compared to changes in shape predicted from MR images (average errors between the model and measured surfaces were between 1.7 and 5.2 mm). This new framework for representing muscle will enhance the accuracy of computer models of the musculoskeletal system.

  5. Evaluation of a deformable musculoskeletal model for estimating muscle-tendon lengths during crouch gait.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, A S; Blemker, S S; Delp, S L

    2001-03-01

    The hamstrings and psoas muscles are often lengthened surgically in an attempt to correct crouch gait in persons with cerebral palsy. The purpose of this study was to determine if, and under what conditions, medial hamstrings and psoas lengths estimated with a "deformable" musculoskeletal model accurately characterize the lengths of the muscles during walking in individuals with crouch gait. Computer models of four subjects with crouch gait were developed from magnetic resonance (MR) images. These models were used in conjunction with the subjects' measured gait kinematics to calculate the muscle-tendon lengths at the body positions corresponding to walking. The lengths calculated with the MR-based models were normalized and were compared to the lengths estimated using a deformable generic model. The deformable model was either left undeformed and unscaled, or was deformed or scaled to more closely approximate the femoral geometry or bone dimensions of each subject. In most cases, differences between the normalized lengths of the medial hamstrings computed with the deformable and MR-based models were less than 5 mm. Differences in the psoas lengths computed with the deformable and MR-based models were also small (psoas lengths in persons with neuromuscular disorders.

  6. Muscle fat content and abdominal adipose tissue distribution investigated by magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging in obese children and youths

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fonvig, Cilius E; Bille, Dorthe S; Chabanova, Elizaveta

    2012-01-01

    The degree of fat deposition in muscle and its implications for obesity-related complications in children and youths are not well understood. One hundred and fifty-nine patients (mean age: 13.3 years; range: 6-20) with a body mass index (BMI) >90(th) percentile for age and sex were included. Muscle...... fat content (MFC) was measured in the psoas muscle by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The patients were assigned to two groups: MFC...

  7. Experimental Study of Regeneration of the Denervated Muscle Transplantation in Rabbits%去神经带血管肌肉移植后肌肉再生的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈迪祥; 刘贵麟; 王德文

    1997-01-01

    目的:为了研究去神经带血管肌肉移植后的肌肉再生过程和再生机制.方法:以大耳白兔为实验研究对象,经过对移植肌不同时期的组织学、组织化学、电子显微镜和肌电图观察,可以得出如下结论:①去神经带血管肌肉移植后可以通过连续再生与不连续再生两种机制获得再生.②移植肌的点片状坏死以术后14天明显,术后30天再生达到高潮,术后90天肌电图可以记录到明确的运动电位.③术后90天与180天肌肉的纤维排列方式以型组为主,而不是正常的镶嵌型.④去神经带血管肌肉移植后90天移植肌获得了新的功能.%Objective:To investigate the regeneration of the denervated transplantation muscles.Methods:The regeneration of musculus flexor digitorum profundus as a pedicled graft after the median nerve dissection on rabbit models was studied by histology,histochemistry,electromicroseopy and electromyogram at different intervals after operation.Results:Degeneration and patchy necrosis of the muscle appeared on the 14th day and reached the climax on the 30th day.The regeneration followed and almost completed on the 90th day by the continuous and discontinuous patterns.In the regenerated muscle fiber arrangements,grouping pattern predominated over the mosaic pattern on the 90th and 180th days after operation.EMG showed potential action in 90 days as a sign of muscle contraction and functional recovery.Conclusions:Satisfactory morpholo gic and functional recovery of the transplanted muscles can be seen in experimental models.So denervated muscular transplantation can be used as a reliable procedure in clinical practice.

  8. A GROWTH INHIBITOR SECRETED FROM CULTURED RABBIT SMOOTHMUSCLE CELLS IS DISTINCT FROM TGF-β

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective To ascertain whether the growth inhibitor in conditioned medium from cultured rabbit arte rial cells is distinct from TGF-β. Methods Rabbit aortic smooth muscle ceils were grown from explained segments of the aorta. Conditioned medium from cultured rabbit aortic smooth muscle ceils and anti-TGF-β were employed in this study. Smooth muscle cell proliferation was measured by XTT detection (Boehringer Mannheim). Results Acidified conditioned medium from smooth muscle ceils had significantly stronger effects of growth inhibition than controls, and anti-TGF-β did not affect the growth inhibitory effect of conditioned medium from cultured rabbit arterial smooth muscle cells. Conclusion The growth inhibiting substance in conditioned medium from cultured rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells is distinct from TGF-β.

  9. Efficient Generation of Myostatin Gene Mutated Rabbit by CRISPR/Cas9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Qingyan; Yuan, Lin; Deng, Jichao; Chen, Mao; Wang, Yong; Zeng, Jian; Li, Zhanjun; Lai, Liangxue

    2016-04-26

    CRISPR/Cas9 has been widely used in generating site-specific genetically modified animal models. Myostatin (MSTN) is a negative regulator of muscle mass, related to muscle growth and differentiation. The knockout of MSTN with the desired phenotype of double muscle has been successfully generated in mice, goats, pigs and cattle, but not in rabbits. In this study, the MSTN knockout (KO) rabbits were generated by co-injection of Cas9 mRNA and sgRNA into zygotes. The typical phenotype of double muscle with hyperplasia or hypertrophy of muscle fiber was observed in MSTN KO rabbits. Furthermore, a similar phenotype was found in the F1 generation, suggesting that the mutation of MSTN could be stably inherited in the MSTN KO rabbits. In summary, we have successfully generated MSTN KO rabbits using CRISPR/Cas9 system with high efficiency, which is a reliable and effective animal model for the study of muscle development and related diseases.

  10. Percutaneous drainage of psoas abscess under real-time computed tomography fluoroscopic guidance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamagami, Takuji; Terayama, Koshi; Yoshimatsu, Rika; Matsumoto, Tomohiro; Miura, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Tsunehiko [Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto (Japan)

    2009-03-15

    The goal of our study was to determine the usefulness of percutaneous abscess drainage under guidance of computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy. Our subjects were 21 patients (seven women, 14 men; mean age 64 years; age range 30-87 years) who had undergone percutaneous drainage of 26 psoas abscess lesions under CT fluoroscopic guidance between May 2001 and January 2008. Drainage methods involved a needle puncture, insertion of a guidewire, serial dilations, and the exchange of the needle with a drainage tube. The procedures were guided by use of a helical CT scanner that provided real-time fluoroscopic reconstruction. Percutaneous drainage under real-time CT fluoroscopic guidance was successfully performed in every procedure. Use of real-time CT fluoroscopy allowed rapid assessment of needle, guidewire, and catheter placement. No patient had serious complications related to the drainage procedure. The mean procedure time required to drain one lesion was 35.6 {+-} 13.6 min. Mean period after the drainage procedure until complete disappearance of the abscess as confirmed by CT was 12.4 {+-} 10.0 days (range 3-46 days). CT fluoroscopy is useful in achieving accurate and safe drainage of abnormal psoas fluid collections. (orig.)

  11. Percutaneous drainage of abscess in psoas compartment and epidural space; Case report and review of literature. [Radiological studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cwikiel, W. (Lund Univ. Hospital (Sweden). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology)

    1991-03-01

    The history of a patient with neurological deficit symptoms secondary to a spinal epidural abscess connected with psoas abscess and several fistulas on the buttocks is described. Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed. Percutaneous drainage of the spinal epidural abscess is suggested as an alternative to surgery. (orig.).

  12. Modified psoas hitch with Lich-Gregoir onlay technique for the reconstruction of lower ureter during gynecologic or obstetric operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahmaz, Lutfu; Irkilata, Hasan Cem; Goktolga, Umit; Yildirim, Ibrahim; Bozkurt, Yasar; Basal, Seref; Dayanc, Murat

    2010-01-01

    We retrospectively review patients who underwent ureteral implantation with a psoas hitch during obstetric or gynecologic operations and describe a new modification. Between December 1997 and May 2005, 20 patients between 26 and 56 years underwent ureteral reimplantation by using the nonrefluxing, extravesical Lich-Gregoir onlay technique with psoas hitch at our institution by the same reconstructive surgery team. Additionally, we used a urethral catheter balloon as a landmark for the bladder mucosa and fixed the bladder to the psoas tendon by using the balloon. We performed 14 ureteral reimplantations during the surgery as intraoperative reconstruction. In 6 patients, delayed reconstruction of the ureter was performed a few days following the previous operation. For intraoperative and delayed reconstructions, the mean operation time for ureteral reimplantation was 24 and 75 min. We took out the urethral catheter on the second operative day and the anastomotic drain on the third. The average hospital stay was 5.7 days. No cases of chronic flank pain, recurrent pyelonephritis, persistent severe hydronephrosis or compromised renal function occurred. No patient required reoperation. Modified psoas hitch ureteral reimplantation is an effective and safe way of reconstruction for treating defects in ureteral length. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  13. Effects of fiber type on force depression after active shortening in skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joumaa, V; Power, G A; Hisey, B; Caicedo, A; Stutz, J; Herzog, W

    2015-07-16

    The aim of this study was to investigate force depression in Type I and Type II muscle fibers. Experiments were performed using skinned fibers from rabbit soleus and psoas muscles. Force depression was quantified after active fiber shortening from an average sarcomere length (SL) of 3.2µ m to an average SL of 2.6 µm at an absolute speed of 0.115f iber length/s and at a relative speed corresponding to 17% of the unloaded shortening velocity (V0) in each type of fibers. Force decay and mechanical work during shortening were also compared between fiber types. After mechanical testing, each fiber was subjected to myosin heavy chain (MHC) analysis in order to confirm its type (Type I expressing MHC I, and Type II expressing MHC IId). Type II fibers showed greater steady-state force depression after active shortening at a speed of 0.115 fiber length/s than Type I fibers (14.5±1.5% versus 7.8±1.7%). Moreover, at this absolute shortening speed, Type I fibers showed a significantly greater rate of force decay during shortening and produced less mechanical work than Type II fibers. When active shortening was performed at the same relative speed (17% V0), the difference in force depression between fiber types was abolished. These results suggest that no intrinsic differences were at the origin of the disparate force depressions observed in Type I and Type II fibers when actively shortened at the same absolute speed, but rather their distinct force-velocity relationships.

  14. Influences of quercetin on contraction of small intestinal smooth muscle of rabbits in vitro and its mechanism of action%槲皮素对兔离体肠平滑肌张力的影响及其机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐学敏; 李家栋; 杨静; 王巧云

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察槲皮素对兔离体回肠平滑肌肌张力的影响,并探讨其作用机制.方法:试验采用经典的离体小肠灌流技术,观察槲皮素(quercetin,Que)对回肠平滑肌自主收缩活动以及乙酰胆碱(acetylcholine,Ach)、氯化钡及组胺(histamine)所致痉挛性收缩肠平滑肌张力的影响.结果:槲皮素(20,60,1 00 mol·L-1)能剂量依赖性的抑制家兔离体小肠平滑肌自发性收缩,对乙酰胆碱,组胺和氯化钡所致的兔离体肠痉挛性收缩也具有剂量依赖性抑制作用.在无钙台式液中,槲皮素可明显抑制Ach引起的回肠平滑肌收缩(P<0.01),亦能使氯化钙量效曲线下移.槲皮素对Bay K8644(0.5 mol·L-1)引起的回肠平滑肌收缩亦有明显抑制作用(P<0.01).结论:槲皮素明显抑制了家兔离体小肠平滑肌的收缩活动,其机制与抑制外钙内流及内钙释放有关.%OBJECTIVE To observe the influences of quercetin on the contraction of small intestine smooth muscle of rabbits in vitro and explore the mechanism of action. METHODS With the isothermal perfusion of small intestine in vitro , the relaxant effects and related mechanism of quercetin were studied on the spontaneous contraction of small intestinal and contraction induced by Ach, histamine and Bacl2. RESULTS Quercetin reduced the actonmic contractivity of small intestine smooth muscle antonomic and the cmtractinity induced by acetylcholine.BaCl2 and histamine (P<0. 01). Quercetin were found to inhibit the contraction induced bv acetychline in the Ca2+ -free Tyrode's solution and the CaCl2 cumulative dose-response curves with a lower maximal response. And it could also depress the contraction agonized by Bay K8644 in small intestinal smooth muscle. CONCLUSION Quercetin inhibits the contraction of small intestinal smooth muscle of rabbits in vitro. The mechanism may be related to inhibit the extracellular Ca2+ inflowing via cell membrane channel and intracellular Ca2+ releasing via

  15. Acute toxicity of peroxy sulfonated oleic acids (PSOA) to freshwater aquatic species and sludge microflora as observed in laboratory environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solloch, Stephan; Pechacek, Nathan; Peterson, Bridget; Osorio, Magdalena; Caudill, Jeffrey

    2015-01-01

    Peroxy sulfonated oleic acids (PSOA) is a novel surfactant peracid. The commercial applications of PSOA result in the chemical primarily being disposed of via industrial waste water effluent. Given this manner of disposal, it is important to understand the aquatic hazards of the chemical to better assess the risk posed to aqueous environments. Acute aquatic toxicity laboratory experiments were performed to evaluate aquatic hazards and were conducted according to standard OECD test guidelines with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), water fleas (Daphnia magna) and algae (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata). In addition, microbial toxicity was evaluated in activated sludge obtained from a domestic sewage treatment facility. Lethal concentration in 50 % of test species (LC50) and effect concentration in 50 % of test species (EC50) values for PSOA ranged from 0.75 to 5.44 mg/L, representing a relatively small range spanning less than an order of magnitude. No observed effect concentration (NOEC) and lowest observed effect concentration (LOEC) ranges were also relatively small, with ranges of 0.25-1.66 and 0.5-3.6 mg/L, respectively. The EC50, LOEC and NOEC values for microbial toxicity were 216, 60 and 20 mg/L, respectively. Predicted no effect concentrations (PNEC) for aqueous media were based on the 96-h LC50 (0.75 mg/L) for O. mykiss, the organism displaying the greatest sensitivity to PSOA. These values were derived for freshwater, marine water and intermittent releases to water and ranged from 7.5 × 10(-5) to 7.5 × 10(-3) mg/L. A sewage treatment plant PNEC of 2 mg/L was derived based on an activated sludge 3-h NOEC of 20 mg/L. These values, along with the anticipated environmental fate and transport for PSOA, were considered in assessing the overall aquatic risk posed by this chemical. Despite the relatively high acute aquatic hazards for PSOA, environmental modeling suggests the overall risk of PSOA to aqueous environments is low based on its

  16. 兔肌肉移植瘤纳米刀、冷冻、射频消融的对比实验研究%Comparative study of Nano knife, cryoablation, radiofrequency ablation in the muscle xenografts in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁周雨; 宋利斌; 姜峰; 孟志强; 王鹏; 陈颢; 解婧; 林钧华; 朱晓燕; 徐立涛; 陈其文; 高嵩

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the apoptosis, immunity and angiogenesis factor changes of rabbits after irreversible electroporation (IRE), cryoablation, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of muscle can⁃cer xenografts, and to observe the antitumor effect and security of diversiform minimally invasive tech⁃niques for muscle cancer xenografts. M ethods Eight muscle cancer xenograft models were randomly di⁃vided into IRE, cryoablation, RFA and control group, each group contained 2 rabbits. All the rabbits were executed after 24 hours. Liver, kidney function and creatinekinase were tested. ELISA methods were used to detect CTnI, Caspase-3, TNF-α and VEGF levels in the plasma. Tunel assay was used to detect the apoptosis of tumor tissue. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect Bcl-2, HSP70 and VEGF expres⁃sion in muscle cancer xenografts. Results Rich blood vessels were showed on the tumor surface, with soft texture. Obvious coagulation necrosis and edema were found in the adjacent muscle tissue. HE stain⁃ ing showed a clear borderline between the necrotic and normal area in the IRE group, visible liver cells in the cryoablation and RFA group. Tunel assay showed that IRE can significantly increase the apoptosis in muscle cancer cells compared with other groups. Each group could promote tumor apoptosis by increasing plasma Caspase-3 level and reducing Bcl-2 expression in the treatment area, inspired the antitumor im⁃munity by elevating plasma TNF-α level and induced to the elevation of plasma VEGF secretion in the short time after treatment, HSP70 and VEGF factor expression were variant in edge of the treatment area. Post-treatment serological test showed that liver, kidney functions and CTnI were within the normal range, except for significant higher levels of creatine kinase. Concl usi ons IRE, cryoablation, and RFA can in⁃hibit the growth of liver tumors via ablating directly, inducing apoptosis, producing specific anti-tumor im⁃mune response, it is safe and

  17. Effect of prolonged bed rest on the anterior hip muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilani Mendis, M; Hides, Julie A; Wilson, Stephen J; Grimaldi, Alison; Belavý, Daniel L; Stanton, Warren; Felsenberg, Dieter; Rittweger, Joern; Richardson, Carolyn

    2009-11-01

    Prolonged bed rest and inactivity is known to cause muscular atrophy with previous research indicating that muscles involved in joint stabilisation are more susceptible. The anterior hip muscles are important for hip joint function and stability but little is known about the effects of prolonged inactivity on their function. This study investigated the effect of prolonged bed rest on the size of the anterior hip muscles and their pattern of recovery. The effect of resistive vibration exercise (RVE) as a countermeasure to muscle atrophy was also investigated. 12 male participants, randomly assigned to either a control or an exercise group, underwent 8 weeks of bed rest with 6 months follow-up. Changes in muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) of the iliacus, psoas, iliopsoas, sartorius and rectus femoris muscles were measured by magnetic resonance imaging at regular intervals during bed rest and recovery phases. CSAs of iliopsoas and sartorius decreased at the hip joint (piliacus, psoas, and rectus femoris CSAs were unchanged (p>0.05). No significant difference was found between the two groups for all muscles (all p>0.1), suggesting inefficacy of the countermeasure in this sample. These findings suggest that prolonged bed rest can result in the atrophy of specific muscles across the hip joint which may affect its stability and function.

  18. Energy cost of isometric force production after active shortening in skinned muscle fibres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joumaa, V; Fitzowich, A; Herzog, W

    2017-02-23

    The steady state isometric force after active shortening of a skeletal muscle is lower than the purely isometric force at the corresponding length. This property of skeletal muscle is known as force depression. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the energy cost of force production at the steady state after active shortening was reduced compared to the energy cost of force production for a purely isometric contraction performed at the corresponding length (same length, same activation). Experiments were performed in skinned fibres isolated from rabbit psoas muscle. Skinned fibres were actively shortened from an average sarcomere length of 3.0 µm to an average sarcomere length of 2.4 µm. Purely isometric reference contractions were performed at an average sarcomere length of 2.4 µm. Simultaneously with the force measurements, the ATP cost was measured during the last 30 seconds of isometric contractions using an enzyme-coupled assay. Stiffness was calculated during a quick stretch-release cycle of 0.2% fibre length performed once the steady state had been reached after active shortening and during the purely isometric reference contractions. Force and stiffness following active shortening were decreased by 10.0±1.8% and 11.0±2.2%, respectively compared to the isometric reference contractions. Similarly, ATPase activity per second (not normalized to the force) showed a decrease of 15.6±3.0% in the force depressed state compared to the purely isometric reference state. However, ATPase activity per second per unit of force was similar for the isometric contractions following active shortening (28.7±2.4 mM/mN.s.mm(3)) and the corresponding purely isometric reference contraction (30.9±2.8 mM/mN.s.mm(3)). Furthermore, the reduction in absolute ATPase activity per second was significantly correlated with force depression and stiffness depression. These results are in accordance with the idea that force depression following active shortening is

  19. Ultrasonographic evaluation of normal canine iliopsoas muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Matthew S; Puchalski, Sarah M

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the normal ultrasonographic appearance of the iliopsoas muscle and related landmarks. Hind limbs of five dog cadavers with no history of lameness were evaluated. The origin and mid-body of the psoas major and the common insertion of the iliacus and psoas major on the lesser trochanter of the femur were identified and evaluated. New methylene blue was injected under ultrasonographic guidance at the three sites. Dissection was performed to confirm placement of the dye. The L3 origin, mid-body, and insertion of the muscle were identified in all dogs and were consistent in appearance and compatible with the general appearance of muscle and tendons. The L2 origin was consistently difficult to image. The same ultrasound technique was subsequently applied to four healthy dogs, and consistent images of the iliopsoas muscle and associated landmarks were obtained. In this study, the major structures of the iliopsoas could be identified and in all dogs had a similar appearance. Ultrasound is an important tool for the diagnosis of musculotendinous injury and may be useful for identification of ilipsoas injury as a cause of lameness in the dog.

  20. Action of niflumic acid on evoked and spontaneous calcium-activated chloride and potassium currents in smooth muscle cells from rabbit portal vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogg, R. C.; Wang, Q.; Large, W. A.

    1994-01-01

    1. The action of niflumic acid was studied on spontaneous and evoked calcium-activated chloride (ICl(Ca)) and potassium (IK(Ca)) currents in rabbit isolated portal vein cells. 2. With the nystatin perforated patch technique in potassium-containing solutions at a holding potential of -77 mV (the potassium equilibrium potential), niflumic acid produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of spontaneous transient inward current (STIC, calcium-activated chloride current) amplitude. The concentration to reduce the STIC amplitude by 50% (IC50) was 3.6 x 10(-6) M. 3. At -77 mV holding potential, niflumic acid converted the STIC decay from a single exponential to 2 exponential components. In niflumic acid the fast component of decay was faster, and the slow component was slower than the control decay time constant. Increasing the concentration of niflumic acid enhanced the decay rate of the fast component and reduced the decay rate of the slow component. 4. The effect of niflumic acid on STIC amplitude was voltage-dependent and at -50 and +50 mV the IC50 values were 2.3 x 10(-6) M and 1.1 x 10(-6) M respectively (cf. 3.6 x 10(-6) M at -77 mV). 5. In K-free solutions at potentials of -50 mV and +50 mV, niflumic acid did not induce a dual exponential STIC decay but just increased the decay time constant at both potentials in a concentration-dependent manner. 6. Niflumic acid, in concentrations up to 5 x 10(-5) M, had no effect on spontaneous calcium-activated potassium currents.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7921628

  1. Numerical Analysis on Quantitative Role of Trunk Muscles in Spinal Stabilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yoon Hyuk; Kim, Kyungsoo

    The human lumbar spine can support much larger compressive loads if it is applied along a follower load path that approximates the tangent to the curve of the lumbar spine compared with the vertical load path. In this study, a musculoskeletal finite element model of the simplified lumbar spine including idealized psoas major muscles in the frontal plane was developed and the quantitative role of psoas major muscles was investigated to generate the follower load by using stiffness methods when vertical loads are given. The muscle force distributions were analyzed under various loading cases and follower load constraints. The validity of the developed model was assessed through comparison with previous modeling and experimental studies.

  2. Psoas abscess associated with infected total hip arthroplasty: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaza, R; Soriano, A; Tomas, X; Gallart, X; Garcia, S

    2006-01-01

    Psoas abscess (PA) is an uncommon disease and its diagnosis is difficult. It can be primary or secondary. Primary abscesses are of unknown origin and are presumably caused by haematogenous or lymphatic spread from a distant infectious focus. Secondary PA is caused by spreading from a contiguous infected structure, such as vertebrae (espondilodiscitis) or mesenteric abscesses (Crohns disease). PA infrequently has been associated with an infection of total hip arthroplasty (ITHA). The correct diagnosis in these cases is difficult due to the clinical similarities between PA and ITHA. Since connection between PA and ITHA is established through the acetabulum, we consider that computed tomography (CT) is the most accurate radiological test because of its efficacy in evaluating the bone structure, and the optimum therapeutic strategy is two-stage replacement surgery. We report one case of PA associated with ITHA and a review of the previous literature.

  3. Viral infections of rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Peter J; Donnelly, Thomas M

    2013-05-01

    Viral diseases of rabbits have been used historically to study oncogenesis (e.g. rabbit fibroma virus, cottontail rabbit papillomavirus) and biologically to control feral rabbit populations (e.g. myxoma virus). However, clinicians seeing pet rabbits in North America infrequently encounter viral diseases although myxomatosis may be seen occasionally. The situation is different in Europe and Australia, where myxomatosis and rabbit hemorrhagic disease are endemic. Advances in epidemiology and virology have led to detection of other lapine viruses that are now recognized as agents of emerging infectious diseases. Rabbit caliciviruses, related to rabbit hemorrhagic disease, are generally avirulent, but lethal variants are being identified in Europe and North America. Enteric viruses including lapine rotavirus, rabbit enteric coronavirus and rabbit astrovirus are being acknowledged as contributors to the multifactorial enteritis complex of juvenile rabbits. Three avirulent leporid herpesviruses are found in domestic rabbits. A fourth highly pathogenic virus designated leporid herpesvirus 4 has been described in Canada and Alaska. This review considers viruses affecting rabbits by their clinical significance. Viruses of major and minor clinical significance are described, and viruses of laboratory significance are mentioned. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. The Rabbit Stream Cipher

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boesgaard, Martin; Vesterager, Mette; Zenner, Erik

    2008-01-01

    The stream cipher Rabbit was first presented at FSE 2003, and no attacks against it have been published until now. With a measured encryption/decryption speed of 3.7 clock cycles per byte on a Pentium III processor, Rabbit does also provide very high performance. This paper gives a concise...... description of the Rabbit design and some of the cryptanalytic results available....

  5. Studies on Purification and Properties of Rabbit Muscle Glycerol 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase%兔肌3-磷酸甘油脱氢酶的提纯及性质研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振伟; 李刚锐; 李琳俐; 王帅坤; 孟延发

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the purification and properties of glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) from rabbit muscle and provide theoretical support for its applications on enzyme linked diagnosis reagents in vitro. Methods: Glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase from rabbit muscle was purified by ammonium sulfate fractional precipitation, DEAE-sepharose, Blue-sepharose and Hydroxyapatite. Sephacryl S-200HR chromatography and gradient PAGE were used to determine its molecular weight, kinetic properties such as effect of pH, temperature, substrate concentration and chemicals were also determined. Results: The purified enzyme showed a prominent single band on PAGE, and its molecular weight was estimated to be 115 ~ 122 kDa. The enzyme was stable below 45t and pH 6.0 ~9. 0 with maximal activity at 451 , pH 9. 0. Kmvalue of the enzyme was calculated to be 7.4× 10-3mol/L for substrate glycerol 3-phosphate, and to be 1. 47×10-4mol/L for substrate NAD +. Ba2+ , Mn2+ , Fe2+ , Al3+ , Cu2+ , Ni2+ , Ag+ , Hg2+ , NaN3 and EDTA inhibited the activity of GPDH at various degree, whereas Mg2+ , Ca2+ , Co2+ , Zn2+ could stimulate the enzyme activity, NaF had no obvious effect on glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase.%目的:研究兔肌3-磷酸甘油脱氢酶的分离纯化方法及其酶学性质,为测定血清甘油三酯所用酶联试剂的开发提供试验基础和理论依据.方法:通过硫酸铵分级沉淀、DEAE-Sepharose、Blue-Sepharose和羟磷灰石纯化兔肌3-磷酸甘油脱氢酶,利用凝胶过滤和梯度PAGE(5% ~ 15%)法测定酶分子量,采用常规酶学动力学分析方法,考察pH、温度、底物浓度以及部分金属离子与有机化合物对酶促反应的影响.结果纯化后的兔肌3-磷酸甘油脱氢酶经PAGE(12%)分析为单一条带;酶分子量为115 ~122 kDa;酶最适温度45℃,最适pH 9;酸碱稳定范围pH6~9,低于45℃时热稳定性好;最适条件下,以3-磷酸甘油和NAD+为

  6. Cross-linking of rabbit skeletal muscle troponin subunits: labeling of cysteine-98 of troponin C with 4-maleimidobenzophenone and analysis of products formed in the binary complex with troponin T and the ternary complex with troponins I and T.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leszyk, J; Collins, J H; Leavis, P C; Tao, T

    1988-09-06

    The sulfhydryl-specific, heterobifunctional, photoactivatable cross-linker 4-maleimidobenzophenone (BPMal) was used to study the interaction of rabbit skeletal muscle troponin subunits TnC, TnT, and TnI. TnC was labeled at Cys-98 by the maleimide moiety of BPMal and then mixed with either TnT alone or TnI plus TnT, in the presence of Ca2+. Upon photolysis, TnI and/or TnT formed covalent cross-links with TnC. The cross-linked TnC-TnT heterodimer obtained from the binary complex was digested into progressively smaller cross-linked peptides that were purified by HPLC and then characterized by amino acid analysis and sequencing. An initial cross-linked CNBr fraction contained the expected peptide CB9 (residues 84-135) of TnC, plus CNBr peptides spanning residues 152-230 of TnT. Results from a peptic digest of the CNBr cross-linked fraction permitted the identification of residues 159-197 as the most highly cross-linked region in TnT. A final subtilisin digest yielded a heterogeneous cross-linked fraction, which suggested that an especially high degree of cross-links was formed in the vicinity of residues 175-178 (Met-Lys-Lys-Lys) of TnT. Although this region of TnT had previously been implicated in binding, we show here for the first time that it is close to Cys-98 of TnC. In an analogous study on the binary complex of TnC and TnI [Leszyk, J., Collins, J. H., Leavis, P. C., & Tao, T. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 7042-7047], we previously showed that Cys-98 of TnC was cross-linked mainly to CN4, the "inhibitory region", of TnI.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  7. Identification of a new target muscle for treatment in patients with Parkinson's disease who have lateral trunk flexion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Hiroshi; Sawa, Nobuhiro; Ueno, Satoshi

    2015-11-15

    Parkinson's disease (PD) can present with lateral trunk flexion (LTF). Abnormal posture associated with PD has been treated, but the effectiveness of these treatments is limited, resulting in unsatisfactory outcomes. Unilateral hypertrophy and unilateral hyperactivity may be useful for deciding targets for injection of botulinum toxin or physical rehabilitation. However, such findings may be limited such as the obliquus abdominis muscle or thoracic paraspinal muscles, and several other muscles may have a causative role in LTF. We investigated 8 patients whether other muscles show unilateral hypertrophy by analyzing computed tomographic scans. Cobb's angle was 11° to 34°. The area of the paravertebral muscles was large contralateral to the bending side and this trend intensified from L4 to Th10. The lumbar quadrate muscle and psoas major muscle showed unilateral enlargement. These larger muscles were prominent contralateral to the bending side in five patients and ipsilateral to the bending side in two patients. This unilateral muscle change was mildly seen in the internal and external abdominal oblique muscles. The lumbar quadrate muscle or psoas major muscle showed two hypertrophic patterns, and these muscles might be new therapeutic targets for treatments such as botulinum toxin.

  8. Acute femoral neuropathy secondary to an iliacus muscle hematoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seijo-Martínez, M; Castro del Río, M; Fontoira, E; Fontoira, M

    2003-05-15

    We present a patient with a spontaneous iliacus muscle hematoma, appearing immediately after a minor physical maneuver, presenting with pain and femoral neuropathy initially evidenced by massive quadriceps muscle fasciculations. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of the pelvic area confirmed the diagnosis, showing a hematoma secondary to a partial muscle tear. The patient was managed conservatively, and the continuous muscle activity ceased in 3 days, with progressive improvement of the pain and weakness. The recovery was complete. Femoral neuropathy is uncommon and usually due to compression from psoas muscle mass lesions of diverse nature, including hematomas. Usually subacute, femoral neuropathy may present acutely in cases of large or strategically placed compressive femoral nerve lesions, and may require surgical evacuation. The case presented herein is remarkable since the muscle hematoma appeared after a nonviolent maneuver, fasciculations were present at onset, and conservative management was sufficient for a full recovery.

  9. Muscle fibre type distribution of the thoracolumbar and hindlimb regions of horses: relating fibre type and functional role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyytiäinen, Heli K; Mykkänen, Anna K; Hielm-Björkman, Anna K; Stubbs, Narelle C; McGowan, Catherine M

    2014-01-27

    Although the majority of equine muscles have a mixed fibre type distribution indicative of diverse functional roles, the predominance of a fibre type can indicate the primary function of a muscle. The deep epaxial musculature has an important role in core spinal stability in humans, reflected as a predominantly muscle fibre type (MFT) I or postural fibre type. The fibre type of the deep epaxial musculature has not been determined in horses. The objective of the study was to determine the MFT distribution in selected muscles of thoracolumbar and hindlimb region of horses. This included deep epaxial and hypaxial muscles that were hypothesised to have a postural stabilising role. A second objective was to examine differences in MFT distribution between horses bred for endurance (Arabian) and sprinting (Quarter horse). Muscle biopsy samples were obtained from selected thoracolumbar and hind limb muscles of 5 Quarter horses, 4 Arabians, and 2 Thoroughbreds. The myosin heavy chain distribution was determined by gel electrophoresis. Mann-Whitney rank test was used to compare the proportional MFT and differences between breeds. Mm. sacrocaudalis dorsalis medialis and diaphragm had the highest proportion of MFT-I. The remaining deep epaxial muscles and the hypaxial muscle m. psoas minor had approximately equal MFT I and II proportions. Mm. psoas major, iliocostalis, longissimus dorsi and the hind limb muscles contained mostly MFT-IIX. The fibre type distribution was similar between Arabians and Quarter horses, although Quarter horses had more MFT-IIX fibres in psoas major (P = 0.02) while Arabians had more MFT-I fibres in m. longissimus dorsi (P = 0.03). The fibre type distribution of the deep epaxial muscles, mm psoas minor and diaphragm varied from approximately equal MFT-I and II proportions to predominantly MFT-I suggesting a postural stabilising role possibly important in core spinal stability. In contrast the fibre type proportions of mm psoas major

  10. Variant rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus in young rabbits, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Kevin P; Nicieza, Inés; Balseiro, Ana; Muguerza, María A; Rosell, Joan M; Casais, Rosa; Álvarez, Ángel L; Parra, Francisco

    2012-12-01

    Outbreaks of rabbit hemorrhagic disease have occurred recently in young rabbits on farms on the Iberian Peninsula where rabbits were previously vaccinated. Investigation identified a rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus variant genetically related to apathogenic rabbit caliciviruses. Improved antivirus strategies are needed to slow the spread of this pathogen.

  11. Preliminary research on myosin light chain kinase in rabbit liver

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin Ren; Hua-Qing Zhu; Zhao-Feng Luo; Qing Zhou; Yuan Wang; Yu-Zhen Wang

    2001-01-01

    AIM: To study preliminarily the properties of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) in rabbit liver. METHODS: The expression of MLCK was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR);the MLCK was obtained from rabbit liver, and its activity was analyzed by γ-32P incorporation technique to detect the phosphorylation of myosin light chain. RESULTS: MLCK was expressed in rabbit liver, and the activity of the enzyme was similar to rabbit smooth muscle MLCK, and calmodulin-dependent. When the concentration was 0.65 mg-L-1, the activity was at the highest level. CONCLUSION: MLCK expressed in rabbit liver may catalyze the phosphorylation of myosin light chain, which may play important roles in the regulation of hepatic cell functions.

  12. Insertion of psoas minor tendon at pelvic brim, a novel anatomic landmark for extra-articular, screw placement through Stoppa approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruipeng; Hou, Zhiyong; Zhang, Liping; Yin, Yingchao; Chen, Wei; Zhang, Yingze

    2017-04-01

    The psoas minor partially inserted to the superior pelvic brim. And the plate used to fix the acetabular fracture has always been positioned at the pelvic brim after reduction through the Stoppa approach. However, there are few studies depicting the clinical significance of the psoas minor. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationship between the insertion of the psoas minor tendon at the pelvic brim (IPMTPB) and screw placement through the Stoppa approach. Fifteen cadavers were dissected for adequate exposure to IPMTPB in our study. However, not all specimens had a psoas minor. For the specimens with IPMTPB, the posterior and anterior edges were used as the first and second entry points, dividing the area from the sacroiliac joint to the pubic symphysis into three zones (d1, d2 and d3). The average proportion of each zone was obtained after measurement the three zones, to locate the two entry points for the specimens without a psoas minor. From the longitudinal Stoppa incision, the first wire was inserted horizontally, and the second wire was placed vertical to the bone surface. Fluoroscopy and computed tomography (CT) were conducted to examine the relationship between the wires and the acetabulum. There was a psoas minor in sixteen hemipelvises (53.33%). After measurement and calculation, we determined that the average proportions of zones d1, d2, and d3 were 28.03%, 29.14%, and 42.83%, respectively. For all specimens, the wires were successfully inserted, and the trajectories of the wires were outside the hip joint cavity. IPMTPB could be used as an anatomic landmark of safe zones for screw placement through the Stoppa approach. For cases without a psoas minor, the zones for extra-articular screw placement could be determined through the measurements in this paper. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Tension Recovery following Ramp-Shaped Release in High-Ca and Low-Ca Rigor Muscle Fibers: Evidence for the Dynamic State of AMADP Myosin Heads in the Absence of ATP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugi, Haruo; Yamaguchi, Maki; Ohno, Tetsuo; Kobayashi, Takakazu; Chaen, Shigeru; Okuyama, Hiroshi

    2016-01-01

    During muscle contraction, myosin heads (M) bound to actin (A) perform power stroke associated with reaction, AMADPPi → AM + ADP + Pi. In this scheme, A • M is believed to be a high-affinity complex after removal of ATP. Biochemical studies on extracted protein samples show that, in the AM complex, actin-binding sites are located at both sides of junctional peptide between 50K and 20K segments of myosin heavy chain. Recently, we found that a monoclonal antibody (IgG) to the junctional peptide had no effect on both in vitro actin-myosin sliding and skinned muscle fiber contraction, though it covers the actin-binding sites on myosin. It follows from this that, during muscle contraction, myosin heads do not pass through the static rigor AM configuration, determined biochemically and electron microscopically using extracted protein samples. To study the nature of AM and AMADP myosin heads, actually existing in muscle, we examined mechanical responses to ramp-shaped releases (0.5% of Lo, complete in 5ms) in single skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers in high-Ca (pCa, 4) and low-Ca (pCa, >9) rigor states. The fibers exhibited initial elastic tension drop and subsequent small but definite tension recovery to a steady level. The tension recovery was present over many minutes in high-Ca rigor fibers, while it tended to decrease quickly in low-Ca rigor fibers. EDTA (10mM, with MgCl2 removed) had no appreciable effect on the tension recovery in high-Ca rigor fibers, while it completely eliminated the tension recovery in low-Ca rigor fibers. These results suggest that the AMADP myosin heads in rigor muscle have long lifetimes and dynamic properties, which show up as the tension recovery following applied release. Possible AM linkage structure in muscle is discussed in connection with the X-ray diffraction pattern from contracting muscle, which is intermediate between resting and rigor muscles. PMID:27583360

  14. Tension Recovery following Ramp-Shaped Release in High-Ca and Low-Ca Rigor Muscle Fibers: Evidence for the Dynamic State of AMADP Myosin Heads in the Absence of ATP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugi, Haruo; Yamaguchi, Maki; Ohno, Tetsuo; Kobayashi, Takakazu; Chaen, Shigeru; Okuyama, Hiroshi

    2016-01-01

    During muscle contraction, myosin heads (M) bound to actin (A) perform power stroke associated with reaction, AMADPPi → AM + ADP + Pi. In this scheme, A • M is believed to be a high-affinity complex after removal of ATP. Biochemical studies on extracted protein samples show that, in the AM complex, actin-binding sites are located at both sides of junctional peptide between 50K and 20K segments of myosin heavy chain. Recently, we found that a monoclonal antibody (IgG) to the junctional peptide had no effect on both in vitro actin-myosin sliding and skinned muscle fiber contraction, though it covers the actin-binding sites on myosin. It follows from this that, during muscle contraction, myosin heads do not pass through the static rigor AM configuration, determined biochemically and electron microscopically using extracted protein samples. To study the nature of AM and AMADP myosin heads, actually existing in muscle, we examined mechanical responses to ramp-shaped releases (0.5% of Lo, complete in 5ms) in single skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers in high-Ca (pCa, 4) and low-Ca (pCa, >9) rigor states. The fibers exhibited initial elastic tension drop and subsequent small but definite tension recovery to a steady level. The tension recovery was present over many minutes in high-Ca rigor fibers, while it tended to decrease quickly in low-Ca rigor fibers. EDTA (10mM, with MgCl2 removed) had no appreciable effect on the tension recovery in high-Ca rigor fibers, while it completely eliminated the tension recovery in low-Ca rigor fibers. These results suggest that the AMADP myosin heads in rigor muscle have long lifetimes and dynamic properties, which show up as the tension recovery following applied release. Possible AM linkage structure in muscle is discussed in connection with the X-ray diffraction pattern from contracting muscle, which is intermediate between resting and rigor muscles.

  15. Effects of Temperature Changes on the Contractility of Isolated Small Intestinal Smooth Muscle in Rabbits%温度变化对家兔离体小肠平滑肌运动的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卡力比夏提·艾木拉江; 周玉东; 闫书平; 哈力旦阿合买提; 赵红琼

    2016-01-01

    In order to explore the influence of temperature changes on animal digestive tract smooth muscle ,the contractility of isolated rabbit small intestine (duodenum ,jejunum and ileum) were measured at different temperatures (39→32 ℃ ,32→39 ℃ ,39→42 ℃ and 42→39 ℃) using the biological signal processing system .The results showed that the contraction frequency of duo‐denum and jejunum was positively correlated with temperature changes between 39 and 32 ℃ , while the amplitude and tension of duodenum were negatively correlated with temperature chan‐ges .Only the contraction frequency of ileum was positively correlated with temperature changes between 39 and 32 ℃ .Changes of frequency ,amplitude and tension of duodenum between 39 and 42 ℃ were similar with those changes between 39 and 32 ℃ .However ,the contraction of jejunum and ileum was irregular .When the temperature was decreased from 42 to 39 ℃ ,the contraction of small intestine could not return to the condition in 39 ℃ .T he results suggested that the optimal bath temperature was 37 ℃ in contraction test of rabbit small intestine in vitro ,and the present results could be referenced to explore the disorder of gastrointestinal movement due to the change of environment temperature in animals .%为了探究温度变化对动物消化道平滑肌运动的影响,本试验用生物信号处理系统测定了浴槽不同温度(39→32℃、32→39℃、39→42℃和42→39℃)对家兔离体小肠各段(十二指肠、空肠、回肠)平滑肌运动的影响。结果显示,当温度在39和32℃之间变化时家兔离体十二指肠和空肠运动的收缩频率同温度变化呈正相关,而十二指肠收缩幅度和收缩张力同温度变化呈负相关,但回肠仅表现在收缩频率同温度变化呈正相关;当温度从39℃升高到42℃时,十二指肠的收缩频率、收缩幅度和收缩张力变化与温度在39和32℃之间变化情况相同,但

  16. In with the new, out with the old? Comparison of two approaches for psoas compartment block.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mannion, Stephen

    2012-02-03

    We compared the approaches of Winnie and Capdevila for psoas compartment block (PCB) performed by a single operator in terms of contralateral spread, lumbar plexus blockade, and postoperative analgesic efficacy. Sixty patients underwent PCB (0.4 mL\\/kg levobupivacaine 0.5%) and subsequent spinal anesthesia for primary joint arthroplasty (hip or knee) in a prospective, double-blind study. Patients were randomly allocated to undergo PCB by using the Capdevila (group C; n = 30) or a modified Winnie (group W; n = 30) approach. Contralateral spread and lumbar plexus blockade were assessed 15, 30, and 45 min after PCB. Contralateral spread (bilateral from T4 to S5) and femoral and lateral cutaneous nerve block were evaluated by sensory testing, and obturator motor block was assessed. Bilateral anesthesia occurred in 10 patients in group C and 12 patients in group W (P = 0.8). Blockade of the femoral, lateral cutaneous, and obturator nerves was 90%, 93%, and 80%, respectively, for group C and 93%, 97%, and 90%, respectively, for group W (P > 0.05). No differences were found in PCB procedure time, pain scores, 24-h morphine consumption, or time to first morphine analgesia.

  17. Minimally invasive lateral trans-psoas approach for tuberculosis of lumbar spine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin Garg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior, posterolateral and posterior approaches are used for managing lumbar tuberculosis. Minimally invasive methods are being used increasingly for various disorders of the spine. This report presents the utility of lateral trans-psoas approach to the lumbar spine (LS using minimal access techniques, also known as direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion in 2 cases with tuberculosis of LS. Two patients with tuberculosis at L2-3 and L4-5 presented with back pain. Both had destruction and deformity of the vertebral body. The whole procedure comprising debridement and placement of iliac crest graft was performed using tubular retractors and was augmented by posterior fixation using percutaneous transpedicular screws. Both patients recovered well with no significant procedure related morbidity. Post-operative computed tomography scans showed appropriate position of the graft and instrumentation. At follow-up, both patients are ambulant with no progression of the deformity. Minimal access direct lateral transpsoas approach can be used for debridement and reconstruction of ventral column in tuberculous of Lumbar spine. This paper highlights the growing applications of minimal access surgery for spine.

  18. Poly-ε-caprolactone mesh as a scaffold for in vivo tissue engineering in rabbit esophagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diemer, Pernille; Markoew, S.; Le, Dang Quang Svend

    2015-01-01

    Repair of long-gap esophageal atresia is associated with a high degree of complications. Tissue engineering on a scaffold of a bioresorbable material could be a solution. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vivo tissue engineering of smooth muscle cells and epithelium on a poly......-ε-caprolactone mesh in rabbit esophagus. Twenty female rabbits had a window of 0.6 × 1 cm cut in the abdominal part of the esophagus. The defect was covered with a poly-ε-caprolactone mesh. The rabbits were killed on postoperative day 28–30, and mesh with surrounding esophagus was removed for histological examination....... Fifteen rabbits survived the trial period. Six had no complications and had the mesh in situ. They all had ingrowth of epithelial and smooth muscle cells and an almost completely degraded mesh. Nine rabbits developed pseudo-diverticula. It proved possible to engineer both epithelial and smooth muscle...

  19. The effect of thin filament activation on the attachment of weak binding cross-bridges: A two-dimensional x-ray diffraction study on single muscle fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraft, T; Xu, S; Brenner, B; Yu, L C

    1999-03-01

    To study possible structural changes in weak cross-bridge attachment to actin upon activation of the thin filament, two-dimensional (2D) x-ray diffraction patterns of skinned fibers from rabbit psoas muscle were recorded at low and high calcium concentration in the presence of saturating concentrations of MgATPgammaS, a nucleotide analog for weak binding states. We also studied 2D x-ray diffraction patterns recorded under relaxing conditions at an ionic strength above and below 50 mM, because it had been proposed from solution studies that reducing ionic strength below 50 mM also induces activation of the thin filament. For this project a novel preparation had to be established that allows recording of 2D x-ray diffraction patterns from single muscle fibers instead of natural fiber bundles. This was required to minimize substrate depletion or product accumulation within the fibers. When the calcium concentration was raised, the diffraction patterns recorded with MgATPgammaS revealed small changes in meridional reflections and layer line intensities that could be attributed in part to the effects of calcium binding to the thin filament (increase in I380, decrease in first actin layer line intensity, increase in I59) and in part to small structural changes of weakly attached cross-bridges (e.g., increase in I143 and I72). Calcium-induced small-scale structural rearrangements of cross-bridges weakly attached to actin in the presence of MgATPgammaS are consistent with our previous observation of reduced rate constants for attachment and detachment of cross-bridges with MgATPgammaS at high calcium. Yet, no evidence was found that weakly attached cross-bridges change their mode of attachment toward a stereospecific conformation when the actin filament is activated by adding calcium. Similarly, reducing ionic strength to less than 50 mM does not induce a transition from nonstereospecific to stereospecific attachment.

  20. X-ray diffraction analysis of the effects of myosin regulatory light chain phosphorylation and butanedione monoxime on skinned skeletal muscle fibers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Masako; Li, Zhao-bo; Ohno, Tetsuo; Takemori, Shigeru; Hoh, Joseph F. Y.; Yagi, Naoto

    2016-01-01

    The phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) is an important modulator of skeletal muscle performance and plays a key role in posttetanic potentiation and staircase potentiation of twitch contractions. The structural basis for these phenomena within the filament lattice has not been thoroughly investigated. Using a synchrotron radiation source at SPring8, we obtained X-ray diffraction patterns from skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers before and after phosphorylation of myosin RLC in the presence of myosin light chain kinase, calmodulin, and calcium at a concentration below the threshold for tension development ([Ca2+] = 10−6.8 M). After phosphorylation, the first myosin layer line slightly decreased in intensity at ∼0.05 nm−1 along the equatorial axis, indicating a partial loss of the helical order of myosin heads along the thick filament. Concomitantly, the (1,1/1,0) intensity ratio of the equatorial reflections increased. These results provide a firm structural basis for the hypothesis that phosphorylation of myosin RLC caused the myosin heads to move away from the thick filaments towards the thin filaments, thereby enhancing the probability of interaction with actin. In contrast, 2,3-butanedione monoxime (BDM), known to inhibit contraction by impeding phosphate release from myosin, had exactly the opposite effects on meridional and equatorial reflections to those of phosphorylation. We hypothesize that these antagonistic effects are due to the acceleration of phosphate release from myosin by phosphorylation and its inhibition by BDM, the consequent shifts in crossbridge equilibria leading to opposite changes in abundance of the myosin-ADP-inorganic phosphate complex state associated with helical order of thick filaments. PMID:26911280

  1. Effect of different doses of ionizing radiation on the distribution of /sup 144/cerium in rabbits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kossakowski, S.; Lojek, W. (Veterinary Research Institute, Pulawy (Poland). Dept. of Radiobiology)

    1984-08-01

    Investigations were carried out in 84 rabbits irradiated with 103 and 206 mC/kg, resp., followed by intravenous contamination with /sup 144/Ce 6 days after irradiation. Radioactivity of muscles and internal organs of the rabbits was determined at different periods. The distribution of /sup 144/Ce in irradiated rabbits was slower and remained on a lower level than in control animals. These changes depended on the radiation doses.

  2. Intramuscular architecture of the autochthonous back muscles in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Heiko; Fröber, Rosemarie; Schilling, Nadja

    2013-02-01

    Many training concepts take muscle properties such as contraction speed or muscle topography into account to achieve an optimal training outcome. Thus far, the internal architecture of muscles has largely been neglected, although it is well known that parameters such as pennation angles or the lengths of fascicles but also the proportions of fleshy and tendinous fascicle parts have a major impact on the contraction behaviour of a muscle. Here, we present the most detailed description of the intramuscular fascicle architecture of the human perivertebral muscles available so far. For this, one adult male cadaver was studied. Our general approach was to digitize the geometry of each fascicle of the muscles of back proper (Erector spinae) - the Spinalis thoracis, Iliocostalis lumborum, Longissimus thoracis and the Multifidus thoracis et lumborum - and of the deep muscles of the abdomen - Psoas minor, Psoas major and Quadratus lumborum - during a layerwise dissection. Architectural parameters such as fascicle angles to the sagittal and the frontal planes as well as fascicle lengths were determined for each fascicle, and are discussed regarding their consequences for the function of the muscle. For example, compared with the other dorsovertebral muscles, the Longissimus thoracis can produce greater shortening distances because of its relatively long fleshy portions, and it can store more elastic energy due to both its relatively long fleshy and tendinous fascicle portions. The Quadratus lumborum was outstanding because of its many architectural subunits defined by distinct attachment sites and fascicle lengths. The presented database will improve biomechanical models of the human trunk by allowing the incorporation of anisotropic muscle properties such as the fascicle direction into finite element models. This information will help to increase our understanding of the functionality of the human back musculature, and may thereby improve future training concepts.

  3. Građa mišića musculus psoas major s obzirom na njegovu složenu funkciju

    OpenAIRE

    Arbanas, Juraj; Starčević-Klasan, Gordana; Malnar, Daniela

    2012-01-01

    Musculus psoas major mišić je stražnje trbušne stijenke. Ime dobiva po grčkoj riječi psoa što znači “slabine”. Njegovo linearno polazište složeno je i obuhvaća bočne strane trupova i pripadajućih intervertebralnih diskova od 12. grudnog do 4. ili 5. slabinskog kralješka te kostalne nastavke svih slabinskih kralježaka. Hvatište mišića, zajedno s ilijačnim mišićem, nalazi se na trochanter minor bedrene kosti. M. psoas major može pokazivati različit stupanj morfološke povezanosti s ilijačnim miš...

  4. Građa mišića musculus psoas major s obzirom na njegovu složenu funkciju

    OpenAIRE

    Arbanas, Juraj; Starčević-Klasan, Gordana; Malnar, Daniela

    2012-01-01

    Musculus psoas major mišić je stražnje trbušne stijenke. Ime dobiva po grčkoj riječi psoa što znači “slabine”. Njegovo linearno polazište složeno je i obuhvaća bočne strane trupova i pripadajućih intervertebralnih diskova od 12. grudnog do 4. ili 5. slabinskog kralješka te kostalne nastavke svih slabinskih kralježaka. Hvatište mišića, zajedno s ilijačnim mišićem, nalazi se na trochanter minor bedrene kosti. M. psoas major može pokazivati različit stupanj morfološke povezanosti s ilijačnim miš...

  5. Characteristics of acute groin injuries in the hip flexor muscles - a detailed MRI study in athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serner, A; Weir, A; Tol, J L; Thorborg, K; Roemer, F; Guermazi, A; Yamashiro, E; Hölmich, P

    2017-06-26

    Hip flexor injuries account for one-third of acute groin injuries; however, little is known about specific injury characteristics. The aims of this study were to describe acute hip flexor injuries using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in athletes with acute groin pain and to compare specific muscle injuries with reported injury situations. Male athletes with acute groin pain were prospectively and consecutively included during three sports seasons. MRI was performed within 7 days of injury using a standardized protocol and a reliable assessment approach. All athletes with an MRI confirmed acute hip flexor muscle injury were included. A total of 156 athletes presented with acute groin pain of which 33 athletes were included, median age 26 years (range 18-35). There were 16 rectus femoris, 12 iliacus, 7 psoas major, 4 sartorius, and 1 tensor fascia latae injury. Rectus femoris injuries primarily occurred during kicking (10) and sprinting (4), whereas iliacus injuries most frequently occurred during change of direction (5). In 10 (63%) rectus femoris injuries, tendinous injury was observed. The iliacus and psoas major injuries were mainly observed at the musculotendinous junction (MTJ), and two included tendinous injury. We have illustrated specific injury locations within these muscles, which may be relevant for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of these injuries. Most proximal rectus femoris injuries included tendinous injury. In contrast, distinct acute iliacus and psoas injuries predominantly occurred at the MTJ. Only the iliacus or psoas major were injured during change of direction, whereas rectus femoris injuries occurred primarily during kicking and sprinting. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Lidocaine-pours into the damage skeletal muscle survival percentage and ultrastructure influence again to the rabbit skeletal muscle ische-mia%利多卡因对兔骨骼肌缺血-再灌注损伤骨骼肌存活率及超微结构的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建国; 陈奕; 钱红兵; 尚文斌

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of lidocaine on ischemia-reperfusion injury. Methods 12 healthy male New-Zealand rabbits, weighting 2.5~3Kg were randomly divided into 4 groups(n=3), including lidocaine 2mg/Kg by ear vein injection 5 minutes before ischemia at the right lower limb, and then lidocaine 5ug/Kg/min were continuously injected for 3 hours (A1), the same volume of saline were used as above(A2), lidocaine 2mgKg by ear vein injection 5 minutes before reperfusion at the right lower limb, and then lidocaine 5ug/Kg/min were continuously injected for 3 hours(B1), the same volume of saline were given as a group B1(B2). The model of ischemia-reperfusion injury were formed by cutting off the right lower limb femoral nerve, blocking the artery and vein with blood vessel clip, binding right mid-thigh with the tourniquets. The tibialis anterior muscle and triceps surae muscle were selected at the beginning of the ischemia. at 3 hours of ischemia, and at 3 hours of reperfusion. The survival rate of the skeletal muscle were detected by MTT, and the ultra-structure of the skeletal muscle were observed by the transmission electron microscope. Results The survival rate of the skeletal muscle in group A1 at 3 hours of ischemia and at 3 hours of reperfusion were significantly higher than in group A2. The survival rate of the skeletal muscle in group B1 at 3 hours of reperfusion were significantly higher than in group B2. Conclusion Lidocaine can increase the survival rate of skeletal muscle both in the case of ischemia and reperfusion when given before ischemia, and were also able to improve the survival rate of skeletal muscle at 3 hours after reperfusion when administrated before reperfusion. Although the lidocaine were used before ischemia or before reperfusion can significantly improve the skeletal muscle ischemia reperfusion injury, but the 2 delivery methods had no significant differences on the survival rate of skeletal muscle.%目的 研究利多卡因全身

  7. Intramuscular EMG from the hip flexor muscles during human locomotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, E A; Nilsson, J; Thorstensson, A

    1997-11-01

    The purpose was to investigate the activation pattern of five major hip flexor muscles and its adaptation to changing speed and mode of progression. A total of 11 healthy subjects performed walking and running on a motor-driven treadmill at speeds ranging from 1.0 to 6.0 m s-1. Intramuscular fine-wire electrodes were used to record myoelectric signals from the iliacus, psoas, sartorius, rectus femoris and tensor fascia latae muscles. The basic pattern, with respect to number of activation periods, remained the same irrespective of speed and mode of progression. However, differences in the relative duration and timing of onset of activation occurred between individual muscles. Over the speed range in walking, a progressively earlier onset was generally seen for the activation period related to hip flexion. Changes in EMG amplitude were measured in the iliacus and psoas muscles and showed a marked increase and difference between walking and running at speeds above 2.0 m s-1. Thus, the alternating flexion-extension movements at the hip during locomotion appear to be governed by a rather fixed 'neural program' which normally only needs minor modulations to accomplish the adjustments accompanying an increase in speed of progression as well as a change from walking to running.

  8. [Superficial femoral vein thrombosis due to large psoas bursitis secondary to particle disease in total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lax-Pérez, R; Salinas-Gilabert, J E; Lajara-Marco, F; Lax-Pérez, A; Corraliza-Zamorano, A; García-Gálvez, A; Izquierdo-Plazas, L

    2012-01-01

    Male, 76 year-old patient with a history of total hip arthroplasty who presents with a mass in the iliac fossa with swelling of the thigh and hip pain upon flexion and extension. Complementary ultrasound and computed tomography scan studies show a giant lobulated cystic mass in the left iliac fossa, 7 cm in diameter, near the prosthesis. Cyst formation caused by polyethylene disease after total hip arthroplasty is infrequent. We present a case of large psoas bursitis secondary to the release of polyethylene particles which caused superficial femoral vein compression and thrombosis.

  9. Effect of muscle mass on toxicity and survival in patients with colon cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Hee-Won; Kim, Jin Won; Kim, Ji-Yeon; Kim, Sun-Wook; Yang, Hyun Kyung; Lee, Joon Woo; Lee, Keun-Wook; Kim, Duck-Woo; Kang, Sung-Bum; Kim, Kwang-Il; Kim, Cheol-Ho; Kim, Jee Hyun

    2015-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of decreased muscle mass on the toxicity and survival of patients with colon cancer treated with adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery. We reviewed the data of 229 consecutive patients with stage III colon cancer who received adjuvant oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin chemotherapy at a single center between 2003 and 2010. Baseline muscle mass was assessed by measuring the cross-sectional area of the psoas muscle at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra on computed tomography images. Effects of muscle mass on toxicity of chemotherapy and survival were assessed. The median age of the 229 patients was 61 years (range, 28-80) and 134 (58.5 %) were men. The mean psoas muscle mass index (PI, psoas muscle area divided by height(2) [mm(2)/m(2)]) was 548.3. A 1 SD decrement in the PI was associated with an increase in all grade 3-4 toxicities in univariate (OR = 1.69, 95 % CI = 1.18-2.27) and multivariate (OR = 1.56, 95 % CI = 1.05-2.38) analyses. In univariate analysis, the PI was not associated with overall survival. However, multivariate analysis showed that a 1 SD decrement in the PI increased the hazard of overall mortality by 85 % (HR = 1.85, 95 % CI = 1.10-3.13). This effect of the PI on mortality was maintained in subgroup analyses, especially in older and obese patients. Decreased muscle mass was associated with increased risk of grade 3-4 toxicity and poor prognosis in patients with stage III colon cancer.

  10. Sensitivity of predicted muscle forces during gait to anatomical variability in musculotendon geometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosmans, Lode; Valente, Giordano; Wesseling, Mariska; Van Campen, Anke; De Groote, Friedl; De Schutter, Joris; Jonkers, Ilse

    2015-07-16

    Scaled generic musculoskeletal models are commonly used to drive dynamic simulations of motions. It is however, acknowledged that not accounting for variability in musculoskeletal geometry and musculotendon parameters may confound the simulation results, even when analysing control subjects. This study documents the three-dimensional anatomical variability of musculotendon origins and insertions of 33 lower limb muscles determined based on magnetic resonance imaging in six subjects. This anatomical variability was compared to the musculotendon point location in a generic musculoskeletal model. Furthermore, the sensitivity of muscle forces during gait, calculated using static optimization, to perturbations of the musculotendon point location was analyzed with a generic model. More specific, a probabilistic approach was used: for each analyzed musculotendon point, the three-dimensional location was re-sampled with a uniform Latin hypercube method within the anatomical variability and the static optimization problem was then re-solved for all perturbations. We found that musculotendon point locations in the generic model showed only variable correspondences with the anatomical variability. The anatomical variability of musculotendon point location did affect the calculated muscle forces: muscles most sensitive to perturbations within the anatomical variability are iliacus and psoas. Perturbation of the gluteus medius anterior, iliacus and psoas induces the largest concomitant changes in muscle forces of the unperturbed muscles. Therefore, when creating subject-specific musculoskeletal models, these attachment points should be defined accurately. In addition, the size of the anatomical variability of the musculotendon point location was not related to the sensitivity of the calculated muscle forces.

  11. Age-Related Differences in Gait Kinematics, Kinetics, and Muscle Function: A Principal Component Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schloemer, Sarah A; Thompson, Julie A; Silder, Amy; Thelen, Darryl G; Siston, Robert A

    2017-03-01

    Age-related increased hip extensor recruitment during gait is a proposed compensation strategy for reduced ankle power generation and may indicate a distal-to-proximal shift in muscle function with age. Extending beyond joint level analyses, identifying age-related changes at the muscle level could capture more closely the underlying mechanisms responsible for movement. The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare muscle forces and induced accelerations during gait in healthy older adults with those of young adults. Simulations of one gait cycle for ten older (73.9 ± 5.3 years) and six young (21.0 ± 2.1 years) adults walking at their self-selected speed were analyzed. Muscle force and induced acceleration waveforms, along with kinematic, kinetic, and muscle activation waveforms, were compared between age-groups using principal component analysis. Simulations of healthy older adults had greater gluteus maximus force and vertical support contribution, but smaller iliacus force, psoas force, and psoas vertical support contribution. There were no age-group differences in distal muscle force, contribution, or ankle torque magnitudes. Later peak dorsiflexion and peak ankle angular velocity in older adults may have contributed to their greater ankle power absorption during stance. These findings reveal the complex interplay between age-related changes in neuromuscular control, kinematics, and muscle function during gait.

  12. Zoonoses of rabbits and rodents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, William Allen; Brown, Julie Paige

    2011-09-01

    Millions of households in the US own rabbits or rodents, including hamsters, guinea pigs, and gerbils. Activities such as hunting and camping also involve human interactions with wild rabbits and rodents. In many environments, feral rabbits and rodents live in close proximity to humans, domesticated animals, and other wildlife. Education of rodent and rabbit owners and individuals with occupational or recreational exposures to these species is paramount to reduce the prevalence of zoonoses associated with rabbit and rodent exposure.

  13. Electrophysiological characteristics of cardiocyte from excised pulmonary vein cardiac muscle of rabbit%离体兔肺静脉肌袖心肌细胞电生理特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊辉; 李源; 刘泰槰; 黄卫斌

    2011-01-01

    目的 应用常规玻璃微电极细胞内记录技术,研究家兔肺静脉肌袖(PVC)电生理特性,观察PVC与左心房心肌细胞(LAC)之间的电传导现象,探讨肺静脉起源的阵发性房颤的发生机制.方法 50只健康成年家兔,获取肺静脉及相连左房心肌组织,应用常规微电极细胞内技术:记录PVC与LAC动作电位(AP),并进行各项参数比较(APD20,APD50,APD90);分别于PVC端和LAC端予不同频率脉冲刺激,观察另一端AP的产生情况;改用加有钾离子通道阻滞剂2mmol/L氯化铯(CsCl)的台式液,观察二者早后除极(EAD)发生的可能性.结果 PVC的APD20,APD50,APD90均较LAC长(APD20 (23.09±5.44)ms vs (19.50±1.66)ms,APD50 (52.40±7.93)ms vs (28.90±4.36)ms,APD90 (123.35±8.26)ms vs (69.65±9.44)ms),均有显著性差异(P均<0.05);在一定的刺激频率范围内,肺静脉的刺激均能传导至左心房,而后者较少能逆传至肺静脉(100% vs 10%,P<0.05);加用药物灌流后,PVC更易发生EAD(90% vs 15%,P<0.05).结论 PVC和LAC之间的电兴奋传导是不均一的,这可能是形成折返的基础.CsCl作为一种K+通道阻滞剂能延长复极过程,为后除极的发生创造条件,PVC的长AP时程特性,具备发生EAD的倾向性,并且兴奋易于传入左心房,这可能是促进房性心律失常的发生基础.%Objective It is to study the electrophysiological characteristics of cardiocyte from pulmonary vein cardiac muscle ( PVC ) of rabbit applying intracellular recording technique of routine glass microelectrode, to observe the electrical conduction between PVC and left atrium cardiocyte ( LAC ) and to approach the mechanism of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation originated from pulmonary vein. Methods Multiple cardiocytes preparations from pulmonary vein and left atrium of 50 healthy adult rabbits were obtained. The routine intracellular microelectrode technique was applied to record action potential ( AP ) of PVC and LAC , and a comparison of action potential duration

  14. Diagnostic imaging modalities and surgical anatomy of the temporomandibular joint in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyllar, Michal; Putnová, Barbora; Jekl, Vladimír; Stehlík, Ladislav; Buchtová, Marcela; Štembírek, Jan

    2017-01-01

    The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a condylar synovial joint that, together with the masticatory muscles, controls mandibular movement during mastication. The rabbit is often used as a model species for studying the mechanisms of TMJ diseases, and in regenerative research. However, there are significant differences between rabbit and human TMJs that should be taken into account before using this model for experimental research. Here, we use several analytical approaches (radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) to enable a detailed description and analysis of the rabbit TMJ morphology. Moreover, possible surgical approaches have been introduced with a focus on available access into the rabbit TMJ cavity, which relate our findings to clinical usage.

  15. Rabbit orthopedic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Gregory A

    2002-01-01

    Orthopedic surgery in rabbits poses several unique parameters for the veterinary surgeon. It is imperative for the veterinarian to be knowledgeable about the anatomic features of the surgical repair site and to become familiar with a rabbit's pain and discomfort often associated with orthopedic injuries. Handling the perioperative and postoperative pain and potential GI disturbances are crucial for a successful outcome of the surgical case. This article is designed to help the veterinary surgeon prepare for the orthopedic surgical procedure and the peripheral physiologic needs of the rabbit from presentation through recovery.

  16. RabbitMQ essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Dossot, David

    2014-01-01

    This book is a quick and concise introduction to RabbitMQ. Follow the unique case study of Clever Coney Media as they progressively discover how to fully utilize RabbitMQ, containing clever examples and detailed explanations.Whether you are someone who develops enterprise messaging products professionally or a hobbyist who is already familiar with open source Message Queuing software and you are looking for a new challenge, then this is the book for you. Although you should be familiar with Java, Ruby, and Python to get the most out of the examples, RabbitMQ Essentials will give you the push y

  17. Efeito da utilização de um centrifugado de medula óssea no tratamento de lesão muscular: estudo experimental em coelhos Effect of use of bone-marrow centrifugate on muscle injury treatment: experimental study on rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Ferreira Fernandes Vieira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi de avaliar o efeito de um centrifugado de medula óssea na cicatrização de lesão muscular em coelhos. MÉTODOS: Este estudo experimental envolveu a utilização de 15 coelhos machos, adultos, da raça Nova Zelândia Branco. Em cada animal, realizou-se uma lesão transversal na região média do músculo tibial anterior direito, onde se adicionou uma esponja de colágeno absorvível, embebida em um centrifugado de aspirado de medula óssea do osso ilíaco ipsilateral. O membro posterior esquerdo foi utilizado como controle, sendo submetido à mesma lesão; porém, neste caso, adicionando-se somente a esponja de colágeno absorvível. Após 30 dias, os animais foram sacrificados para o estudo da cicatrização muscular. As áreas de cicatrização muscular foram submetidas à análise histológica com histomorfometria, interessando-se a mensuração do número de células musculares em regeneração por micrômetro quadrado e a proporção de fibrose formada. RESULTADOS: O método de centrifugação utilizado neste estudo resultou em uma concentração média de células nucleadas maior que o número destas células nos aspirados originais, sem provocar destruição celular significativa. A adição do centrifugado de medula óssea não resultou em aumento significante do número de células musculares em regeneração em relação ao grupo controle. Também não houve diferença significante na proporção de fibrose formada em relação ao grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: A administração de centrifugado de medula óssea utilizada neste estudo não favoreceu a cicatrização de lesão muscular em coelhos.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of bone-marrow centrifugate on the healing of muscle injuries in rabbits. METHODS: This experimental study involved use of fifteen adult male New Zealand White rabbits. Each animal received a transverse lesion in the middle of the right

  18. 按摩增强琥珀酸脱氢酶和钾—钠ATP酶活性促进兔股四头肌的损伤修复%Massage promotes repairing of injured quadriceps femoris muscle of rabbit through enhancing activity of SDH and K +-Na + -ATPase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯懿烜; 郑元义; 张萍; 刘祖丽; 郜婕; 唐成林

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究按摩对骨骼肌损伤修复关键酶琥珀酸脱氢酶(SDH)、钾—钠ATP酶(K+-Na+ -ATPase)活性的影响.方法将30只雄性新西兰大白兔分为健康对照组(3只)、自然恢复组(15只)和按摩组(12只).根据损伤造模后观察时间的不同,自然恢复组分为3个时相点,即自然恢复7d组(3只)、按摩7d对照组(自然恢复14 d,6只)和按摩14 d对照组(自然恢复21 d,6只),按摩组分为按摩7、14 d组(各6只).重物打击法制作兔股四头肌急性损伤模型.HE、超声影像技术检测组织病理变化,酶组化法检测SDH酶、K+-Na+ -ATPase活性.结果组织病理检测显示按摩对照组受损肌组织肿胀、萎缩退变,按摩治疗后修复或新生肌纤维明显增多.超声影像研究显示按摩对照组受损肌纤维纹理消失、回波呈弥漫性非均匀增强,按摩组回波呈弥漫均一性增强、边缘清晰.SDH和K+-Na+ -ATPase活性研究结果进一步显示:按摩7d组(0.003 3±0.0002)vs(0.002 2±0.0002)和14 d组(0.003 9±0.000 2)vs(0.003 2±0.000 1)较对应的按摩对照组SDH活性明显增加(P<0.01),SDH深染的Ⅰ型肌纤维数量百分比高于对应的按摩对照组[7d组:(38.6±2.6)%vs(25.1±1.7)%,P<0.01;14 d组:(56.2±4.5)%vs(30.3±2.1)%,P<0.01];ATPase活性分别在按摩7d组和14 d组比对应的按摩对照组升高约47%和72% (P<0.01).结论按摩可能通过提高受损肌组织有氧代谢相关酶类活性,促进受损肌组织的修复.%Objective To investigate the role and its mechanism of massage on the recovery of damaged skeletal muscle. Methods A total of 24 adult male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups, normal control (n =3) , self-repairing group (n = 15, further divided into 7, 14 and 21 d time points) , and massage group (re = 12, further divided into 7 and 14 d time points). The quadriceps femoris injured models were established by hammering the muscle with self-made lead hitter. Massage was

  19. Absceso primario del músculo psoas: Presentación de 1 caso y revisión de la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pila Pérez

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available El absceso primario del psoas es una entidad infrecuente que afecta principalmente a adultos jóvenes y adolescentes. Se describe un caso de absceso primario del psoas en un paciente de 77 años de edad. Los síntomas predominantes fueron fiebre, dolor abdominal y deterioro progresivo del estado general. El diagnóstico se realizó mediante tomografía axial computadorizada. El tratamiento consistió en antibioticoterapia y drenaje percutáneo, con éxito. Se revisó la literatura medica; se señaló la patogenia, la clínica, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de esta enfermedadPrimary psoas abscess is an uncommon entity affecting mainly young adults and adolescents. A case of primary psoas abscess in a patient aged 77 is described. Prevailing symptoms were: fever, abdominal pain and progressive deterioration of the general state. The diagnosis was made using computerized axial tomography (CAT. The treatment with antibiotic therapy and percutaneous drainage was successful. Medical literature was reviewed and the pathogeny, clinic, diagnosis and treatment of this disease were stressed

  20. MEAT QUALITY OF LOCAL AND HYBRID RABBITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Paci

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available pH, colour and oxidative status were evaluated to study the effect of rabbit genotype on meat quality. Commercial Hybrids, selected for high growth rate and a local population, characterized by slow growing, were used. Meat quality characteristics of L. lumborum and B. femoris muscles showed significant differences between genotypes. Local population had higher pHu values but lower pH fall values than Hybrids. Hybrids showed higher lightness values and TBARS contents than local population. Meat quality parameters were influenced by genotype. The differences between genotypes could be related to the different degree of maturity because the rabbits, in relation to the different growth rate, were slaughtered at the same weight but at different age.

  1. Study of Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope in Penis Corpus Cavernsum Smooth Muscle Cell in Rabbits%应用激光扫描共聚焦显微镜对家兔阴茎海绵体平滑肌细胞的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈智; 刘继红

    2002-01-01

    Objective To study the changes in intracellular calcium concentration ( [ Ca2 + i] ) of penis corpus cavernsumsmooth muscle cell(PCSMC) in rabbits and to establish experimental model of detecting intracellular calcium. Methods Byusing laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM), we investigated the [ Ca2 + i fluorescence signals change in cultured PCSMCin vitro. Results In this case, the loading effect is significant when PCSMCs are loaded with 5μmol/L Fluo- 3/AM(PH = 7.4) in 37℃. Cytoplasmic free calcium is well - distributed in integral cell. Base fluorescent intensity in different cytoplasm isdistinct. Conclusion To mark cytoplasmic free calcium needs suitable condition. Creation of the model offers good method tostudy the effect of different medicine in PCSMC.

  2. Viral diseases of the rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krogstad, Aric P; Simpson, Janet E; Korte, Scott W

    2005-01-01

    Viral disease in the rabbit is encountered infrequently by the clinical practitioner; however, several viral diseases were reported to occur in this species. Viral diseases that are described in the rabbit primarily may affect the integument, gastrointestinal tract or, central nervous system or maybe multi-systemic in nature. Rabbit viral diseases range from oral papillomatosis, with benign clinical signs, to rabbit hemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis, which may result in significant clinical disease and mortality. The wild rabbit may serve as a reservoir for disease transmission for many of these viral agents. In general, treatment of viral disease in the rabbit is supportive in nature.

  3. The presence of disease-associated prion protein in skeletal muscle of cattle infected with classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okada, Hiroyuki; Miyazawa, Kohtaro; Fukuda, Shigeo; Iwamaru, Yoshifumi; Imamura, Morikazu; Masujin, Kentaro; Matsuura, Yuichi; Fujii, Takashi; Fujii, Kei; Kageyama, Soichi; Yoshioka, Miyako; Murayama, Yuichi; Yokoyama, Takashi

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of disease-associated prion protein (PrP(Sc)) in the skeletal muscle of cattle infected with classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (C-BSE). The study was carried out systematically in 12 different muscle samples from 43 (3 field and 40 experimental) cases of C-BSE; however, muscle spindles were not available in many of these cases. Therefore, analysis became restricted to a total of 31 muscles in 23 cattle. Even after this restriction, low levels of PrP(Sc) were detected in the muscle spindles of the masseter, intercostal, triceps brachii, psoas major, quadriceps femoris and semitendinosus muscles from 3 field and 6 experimental clinical-stage cases. The present data indicate that small amounts of PrP(Sc) are detectable by immunohistochemistry in the skeletal muscles of animals terminally affected with C-BSE.

  4. On the glucokinase activity of extracts from normal and atrophic muscles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerritsen, T.

    1952-01-01

    The glucokinase activity of extracts of muscles of various species (man, rabbit, guinea-pig, rat and chicken) has been determined. The activity of an extract prepared from a rabbit muscle, which had atrophied in the course of three to four weeks as a consequence of severance of the nerve, was alwa

  5. Effect of blockers of Kv and BKCa channels on muscle tension of rabbit oddi sphincter in vivo and th e regulatory effect of paeoniflorin%Kv 和 BK Ca通道阻断剂对家兔离体 Oddi括约肌肌环张力的作用及芍药甙的调控作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒建瑞; 王芳; 冯骅; 王长淼

    2014-01-01

    Objective It is to investigate the effect of blockers of voltage-gated potassium channels ( Kv) , large-conduct-ance calcium-activated potassium channel ( BKCa) on sphincter of Oddi ( sphincter of Oddi , SO) from rabbits muscle ten-sion rings, and to explore the regulatory effect of the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine paeoniflorin on them . Methods Isolated rabbit sphincter of Oddi muscle rings specimens were prepared and placed on the smooth muscle perfusion bath temperature to observe the contraction effect of Kv channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), BKCa channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride( TEA) on isolated rabbit SO muscle rings and the effects of paeoniflorin on the contraction effects induced by 4-AP and TEA.Resul ts 4-AP and TEA both could cause contraction of SO muscle rings , with the the concen-trations increased , the contraction degrees increased .The contraction effects induced by 4-AP and TEA could be inhibited by paeoniflorin .Conclusion In vitro condition , Kv channel and BKCa channel play a major role in the maintenance of sphincter of Oddi resting membrane potential of cells .Paeoniflorin may influence the relaxant responses of SO cells possibly through the regulation of Kv and BKCa channels .%目的:探讨电压依赖性钾通道( Kv)、大电导钙激活钾通道( BKCa )阻断剂对家兔离体Oddi 括约肌( SO)肌环张力的作用及中药芍药的有效成分芍药甙对其调控作用。方法制备离体兔Oddi 括约肌肌环标本,放置于平滑肌恒温灌流浴槽中,观察Kv通道阻断剂4-aminopyridine (4-AP)、BKCa通道阻断剂tetraethylammonium chloride ( TEA)对家兔离体SO肌环的收缩作用;观察芍药甙对4-AP和TEA引起的收缩作用的影响。结果4-AP、TEA均可以引起SO肌环收缩,且随4-AP、TEA浓度增加,收缩程度也在增强。4-AP和TEA对SO肌环的收缩作用可以被芍药甙抑制。结论在离体条件下,Kv通道和BKCa通道

  6. Bisphenol A exposure enhances atherosclerosis in WHHL rabbits.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao Fang

    Full Text Available Bisphenol A (BPA is an environmental endocrine disrupter. Excess exposure to BPA may increase susceptibility to many metabolic disorders, but it is unclear whether BPA exposure has any adverse effects on the development of atherosclerosis. To determine whether there are such effects, we investigated the response of Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL rabbits to 400-µg/kg BPA per day, administered orally by gavage, over the course of 12 weeks and compared aortic and coronary atherosclerosis in these rabbits to the vehicle group using histological and morphometric methods. In addition, serum BPA, cytokines levels and plasma lipids as well as pathologic changes in liver, adipose and heart were analyzed. Moreover, we treated human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVECs and rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs with different doses of BPA to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in BPA action(s. BPA treatment did not change the plasma lipids and body weights of the WHHL rabbits; however, the gross atherosclerotic lesion area in the aortic arch was increased by 57% compared to the vehicle group. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses revealed marked increases in advanced lesions (37% accompanied by smooth muscle cells (60% but no significant changes in the numbers of macrophages. With regard to coronary atherosclerosis, incidents of coronary stenosis increased by 11% and smooth muscle cells increased by 73% compared to the vehicle group. Furthermore, BPA-treated WHHL rabbits showed increased adipose accumulation and hepatic and myocardial injuries accompanied by up-regulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER stress and inflammatory and lipid metabolism markers in livers. Treatment with BPA also induced the expression of ER stress and inflammation related genes in cultured HUVECs. These results demonstrate for the first time that BPA exposure may increase susceptibility to atherosclerosis in WHHL rabbits.

  7. Effect of Growth on Fatty Acid Composition of Total Intramuscular Lipid and Phospholipids in Ira Rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Shan; He, Zhifei; Lu, Jingzhi; Tao, Xiaoqi; Zheng, Li; Xie, Yuejie; Xiao, Xia; Peng, Rong; Li, Hongjun

    2015-01-01

    The changes in fatty acid composition of total intramuscular lipid and phospholipids were investigated in the longissimus dorsi, left-hind leg muscle, and abdominal muscle of male Ira rabbits. Changes were monitored at 35, 45, 60, 75, and 90 d. Analysis using gas chromatography identified 21 types of fatty acids. Results showed that the intramuscular lipid increased and the intramuscular phospholipids (total intramuscular lipid %) decreased in all muscles with increasing age (pIra rabbits at different ages and muscles. Palmitic acid (C16:0), stearic acid (C18:0), oleic acid (C18:1), linoleic acid (C18:2), and arachidonic acid (C20:4) were the major fatty acids, which account to the dynamic changes of the n-6/n-3 value in Ira rabbit meat.

  8. Computed tomographic findings of skeletal muscles in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Ryosuke; Imai, Terukuni; Sadashima, Hiromichi; Matsumoto, Sadayuki; Yamamoto, Toru; Kusaka, Hirobumi; Yamasaki, Masahiro; Maya, Kiyomi; Tanabe, Masaya (Kitano Hospital, Osaka (Japan))

    1989-04-01

    We evaluated the Computed Tomographic (CT) findings of skeletal muscles in 12 cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), 1 case of spinal progressive muscular atrophy (SPMA), and 1 case of Kugelberg-Welander disease. CT examination was performed in the neck, shoulders, abdomen, pelvis, thighs, and lower legs, 15 muscles were selected for evaluation. The following muscles tended to be affected: m. transversospinalis (12 cases were abnormal), m. deltoideus (10), m. subscapularis (10), m. infraspinatus (10), mm. dorsi (12), hamstring muscles (14), m. tibialis anterior (14), and m. triceps surae (14). On the contrary, the following muscles tended to be preserved: m. sternocleidomastoideus (only 7 cases were abnormal), m. psoas major (7), m. gluteus maximus (7), m. rectus femoris (7), m. sartorius (7) and m. gracilis (6). The distribution of the muscles affected showed neither proximal nor distal dominancy. As the disease advanced, however, all the muscles became affected without any severity. CT findings of skeletal muscles in ALS were characterized by muscle atrophy and fat infiltration, which showed a patchy, linear, or moth-eaten appearance. In mildly affected cases, there was muscle atrophy without internal architectual changes. In moderately affected cases, muscle atrophy advanced and internal architectural changes (patchy, linear, and moth-eaten fat infiltration) became evident. In most advanced cases, every muscle showed a ragged appearance because of severe muscle atrophy and internal architectural changes. These findings were well distinguished from those of SPMA, which resembled the CT pattern of primary muscle diseases. (author).

  9. [Hematoma of the psoas. Comparative diagnostic contributions of ultrasonography and x-ray computed tomography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivasseau, T; Vandermarcq, P; Boissonnot, L; Drouineau, J; Gil, R

    1985-11-01

    A 11 cases study of hematoma of the iliacus muscle underlines better results obtained by C.T. Scanner compared to those of ultrasonography examination in term of definite diagnoses. Comparison of density values and repeated examination were useful to assert diagnosis and to appreciate the course of the illness. Only C.T. Scanner was able to show which portion of the muscle was concerned. Authors correlated the C.T. Scanner results to the nature of the entrapment neuropathy clinically found: an isolated femoral nerve palsy or association with an obturator nerve dysfunction.

  10. Effect of floor type on carcass and meat quality of pen raised growing rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Dal Bosco

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the experiment was to compare the carcass and meat quality traits of growing rabbits housed on different floor types. At the age of 35 d, rabbits (n=126 were randomly sorted into 3 groups and housed in pens with different floor types: plastic-mesh, deep-litter straw or wire-mesh. Slaughter weight, carcass and its parts’ weight, meat (Longissimus thoracis et lumborum [LL] muscle and hind leg pH and colour, oxidative status and fatty acid profile were measured and correlations calculated. The deep-litter straw rabbits showed the lowest pHu and b* values of LL muscle and oxidation of the both muscles. The fatty acid profile of LL muscle of deep-litter straw rabbits showed a higher percentage of monounsaturated fatty acids and long chain n-3 polyunsaturated (PUFA fatty acids, whereas the content of  18:2n-6 and total PUFA was lower. We concluded that housing the growing rabbits on wire- or plastic-mesh floors showed no substantial differences, while housing rabbits on deep-litter negatively affected certain qualitative traits.

  11. Hepatitis E Virus in Farmed Rabbits, Wild Rabbits and Petting Farm Rabbits in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burt, S.A.; Veltman, Jorg; Hakze-van der Honing, Renate; Schmitt, Heike; van der Poel, Wim H.M.

    2016-01-01

    Rabbits have been suggested as a zoonotic source of Hepatitis E virus. Phylogenetic analysis of HEV isolates from farmed, wild and pet rabbits in the Netherlands (23, 0, and 60 % respectively) showed them to be grouped amongst published rabbit HEV sequences and distinct from most human isolates. Dut

  12. Hepatitis E Virus in Farmed Rabbits, Wild Rabbits and Petting Farm Rabbits in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burt, Sara A.; Veltman, Jorg; Hakze-van der Honing, Renate; Schmitt, Heike; Poel, van der Wim H.M.

    2016-01-01

    Rabbits have been suggested as a zoonotic source of Hepatitis E virus. Phylogenetic analysis of HEV isolates from farmed, wild and pet rabbits in the Netherlands (23, 0, and 60 % respectively) showed them to be grouped amongst published rabbit HEV sequences and distinct from most human isolates.

  13. Hepatitis E Virus in Farmed Rabbits, Wild Rabbits and Petting Farm Rabbits in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burt, Sara A.; Veltman, Jorg; Hakze-van der Honing, Renate; Schmitt, Heike; Poel, van der Wim H.M.

    2016-01-01

    Rabbits have been suggested as a zoonotic source of Hepatitis E virus. Phylogenetic analysis of HEV isolates from farmed, wild and pet rabbits in the Netherlands (23, 0, and 60 % respectively) showed them to be grouped amongst published rabbit HEV sequences and distinct from most human isolates.

  14. Hepatitis E Virus in Farmed Rabbits, Wild Rabbits and Petting Farm Rabbits in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burt, S.A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/140114432; Veltman, Jorg; Hakze-van der Honing, Renate; Schmitt, Heike; van der Poel, Wim H.M.

    2016-01-01

    Rabbits have been suggested as a zoonotic source of Hepatitis E virus. Phylogenetic analysis of HEV isolates from farmed, wild and pet rabbits in the Netherlands (23, 0, and 60 % respectively) showed them to be grouped amongst published rabbit HEV sequences and distinct from most human isolates.

  15. Effects of Dian Kuang Meng Xing Tang on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis rabbits%动脉粥样硬化模型兔血管平滑肌细胞增殖与癫狂梦醒汤的干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩凤丽; 于铭权

    2012-01-01

    背景:现代临床研究表明癫狂梦醒汤能够治疗神经官能症、更年期综合征、癔病、老年痴呆等精神系统疾病.目的:观察癫狂梦醒汤对动脉粥样硬化模型兔血管平滑肌细胞增殖的影响.方法:将32只日本大耳白兔随机分成空白对照组、模型组、癫狂梦醒汤组、辛伐他汀组,分别给予普通饲料、高脂饲料、高脂饲料+癫狂梦醒汤、高脂饲料+辛伐他汀进行干预,喂养至第12周末.结果与结论:喂养高脂饲料成功建立动脉粥样硬化模型,模型组有严重的动脉粥样硬化病理改变,增殖细胞核抗原、血小板源生长因子B蛋白表达明显升高,平滑肌细胞呈合成型改变;癫狂梦醒汤组及辛伐他汀组动脉粥样硬化病变明显减轻,增殖细胞核抗原、血小板源生长因子B蛋白表达明显下降(P < 0.01),平滑肌细胞接近"收缩型"改变.结果可见癫狂梦醒汤可抑制血管平滑肌细胞增殖,延缓动脉粥样硬化发生发展,这一作用可能是通过抑制增殖细胞核抗原、血小板源生长因子B蛋白表达来实现的.%BACKGROUND: Modern clinical studies have shown that Dian Kuang Meng Xing Tang (awaken from the dream of madness decoction) has remedial effects on neurosis, menopausal syndrome, hysteria, dementia and other mental disorders.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Dian Kuang Meng Xing Tang on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis rabbits.METHODS: A total of 32 Japan big-ear white rabbits were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, Dian Kuang Meng Xing Tang group and Simvastatin group; the corresponding rabbits in each group were fed with normal diet, high fat diet, high fat diet+ Dian Kuang Meng Xing Tang and high fat diet+Simvastatin for 12 weeks, respectively.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The atherosclerosis model was successfully established with high fat diet. There was a severe pathological lesion of atherosclerosis in the

  16. Phentolamine mesylate relaxes rabbit corpus cavernosum by a nonadrenergic, noncholinergic mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vemulapalli, S; Kurowski, S

    2001-02-01

    The contribution of NO-cGMP dependent pathway to phentolamine mesylate-evoked nonadrenergic, noncholinergic relaxation of rabbit corpus cavernosum was investigated in vitro. Stimulation of nonadrenergic, noncholinergic neurons of the rabbit corpus cavernosum elicited frequency-related relaxation that was significantly attenuated by L-NAME (NO synthase inhibitor) or ODQ (an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase). Moreover, tetrodotoxin, a sodium channel blocker, abolished the electrical field stimulation-induced relaxation of rabbit corpus cavernosum, suggesting that neuronal release of NO mediates relaxation to electrical field stimulation. Phentolamine mesylate (30 and 100 nM) dose-dependently enhanced electrical field stimulation-induced relaxation of the rabbit corpus cavernosum. Prazosin (30 microM) and yohimbine (30 microM) failed to affect phentolamine mesylate-mediated nonadrenergic, noncholinergic rabbit penile smooth muscle relaxation, suggesting that phentolamine relaxes rabbit corpus cavernosum independent of alpha-adrenergic receptor blockade. In contrast, pretreatment of the rabbit cavernosal strips with L-NAME significantly-attenuated electrical field stimulation produced relaxations to phentolamine mesylate, suggesting that phentolamine mesylate relaxes rabbit corpus cavernosum by activating NO synthase. The data suggest that phentolamine mesylate relaxes nonadrenergic noncholinergic neurons of the rabbit corpus cavernosum by activating NO synthase and is independent of alpha-adrenergic receptor blockade.

  17. WEIGHTS or RABBITS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    heart and spleen from_male and femalerabbits were made, in rabbits fed graded levels (0, 4, 8, 12%) of oil palm indiets. ..... aeetyl CoA derived mainly from carbohydrate wasdepressed ... an integral part in the synthesis and metabolism of.

  18. A Clever Rabbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呼振璞; 付晓明

    2002-01-01

    1. Once there lived an elephant and a lion in the mountains, who both wanted to be the king of the beasts. One day the lion caught a rabbit. Before he ate it, he said, “Do you know I am the king here? ”

  19. Rabbit Repellent Paint

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Five gallons of rabbit repellent paint were sent to George Wilson to be applied on the trees of the Tewaukon tree plot. Mr. Wilson requires a 3 or 4 in. brush for...

  20. The Cutaneous Rabbit Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flach, Rudiger; Haggard, Patrick

    2006-01-01

    In the cutaneous rabbit effect (CRE), a tactile event (so-called attractee tap) is mislocalized toward an adjacent attractor tap. The effect depends on the time interval between the taps. The authors delivered sequences of taps to the forearm and asked participants to report the location of one of the taps. The authors replicated the original CRE…

  1. 虎杖提取物对小鼠肠运动功能和家兔离体肠平滑肌的影响%The Effects of Polygonum Cuspidatum Extract on Intestinal Motor Function in Mice and Rabbits Intestinal Smooth Muscle in Vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    门瑛璇; 王薇

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Observation of Polygonum cuspidatum extract on normal mice and mice constipation, intestinal motor function, explore its removal;Observation of Polygonum cnspidatum extract rabbit intestinal smooth muscle in vitro, and to investigate the effect of its removal mechanism. Methods : In vivo method of large, medium and small three doses of Polygonum cuspidatum solution of normal mice and mice constipation, intestinal motor function; In vitro methods used to observe large,3 small dose of Polygonum cuspidatum solution of rabbit intestinal smooth muscle in vitro effects. Results: large,3 small dose of Polygonum cuspidatum solution could improve constipation normal mice and mice intestine ink pro-mote percentage constipation can be shortened first mouse droppings containing ink latency,increase within six hours to collect stool samples containing ink particles total;Polygonum euspidatum extract on the rabbit intestinal smooth muscle in vitro and the role of Polygonum cuspidatum extract concentration and dose-related, dose Huzhang solution (0. 2mL) can significantly promote rabbits in vitro intestinal smooth muscle contraction, and confrontation by atropine, Epinephrine-in-duced intestinal muscle relaxation to acetylcholine and histamine, barium chloride, phentolamine caused by intestinal mus-cle contraction performance facilitating role. Conclusion: Large, medium and small three doses of Polygonum cuspidatum solution of normal mice and mice constipation, peristalsis of the small intestine were promoted; Polygonum cuspidatum ex-tract promotes peristalsis,may be Polygonum cuspidatum extract direct access this role role in intestinal smooth muscle cells caused.%目的;观察虎杖提取物对正常小鼠和便秘小鼠大、小肠运动功能及对家兔离体肠平滑肌的影响,并探讨其作用杌理.方法:采用在体方法观察大、中、小3个剂量的虎杖提取物对正常小鼠和便秘小鼠大、小肠运动功能的影响;采用离

  2. Contractile effect of tachykinins on rabbit small intestine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marta Sofía VALERO; Diego Santos FAGUNDES; Laura GRASA; María Pilar ARRUEBO; Miguel (A)ngel PLAZA; María Divina MURILLO

    2011-01-01

    Aim:To study the role of the tachykinin receptors in spontaneous contractions of longitudinal and circular smooth muscle from rabbit small intestine and to determine the mechanism of action of Substance P(SP).Methods:Rabbit duodenum,jejunum and ileum segments were prepared.The spontaneous contractions of longitudinal and circular smooth muscle were recorded using a computer via an isometric force transducer.The specific agonists and antagonists of tachykinin receptors were added into the organ bath.Results:The agonists of tachykinin NKl receptor(SP and[Sar9]SP).NK2 receptor(NKA and(β-Ala8)-NKA),and NK3 receptor(NKBand Senktide)all induced contractions in the small intestine.The contractions were diminished bv NKl receptor antagonist L-733.060,NK2 receptor antagonist GR-94800, and NK3 receptor antagonist SB 218795.Contractions caused by SP were also reduced by atropine, verapamil, PKC inhibitor staurosporine, and PLC Inhibitor U73122.Conclusion:Ttachykinin NKl,NK2, and NK3 receptors mediate the contractions of the smooh muscle in rabbit intestine.Furthermore,SP acts directly on smooth muscle cells through the tachykinin NK1 receptor.

  3. Dissociative anesthetic combination reduces intraocular pressure (IOP in rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewaldo de Mattos-Junior

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was evaluate the effects of three anesthetic combinations, ketamine-midazolam, ketamine-xylazine and tiletamine-zolazepam, on IOP in rabbits. In a experimental, blind, randomized, crossover study, six rabbits were anesthetized with each of 3 treatments in random order. Groups KM (ketamine, 30 mg/kg + midazolam, 1 mg/kg; KX (ketamine, 30 mg/kg + xylazine, 3 mg/kg; and TZ (tiletamine + zolazepam, 20 mg/kg. The drugs were mixed in the same syringe injected intramuscularly (IM into the quadriceps muscle. IOP was measured before drug administration (baseline and at 5-minute intervals for 30 minutes. The data were analyzed by a 2-way repeated measures ANOVA followed by Bonferroni test. All groups had significant decreases in IOP compared to baseline (p 0.05. Administration of either ketamine-midazolam, ketamine-xylazine, or tiletamine-zolazepam similarly decrease IOP in rabbits within 30 minutes of injection.

  4. Selective lengthening of the psoas and rectus femoris and preservation of the iliacus for flexion deformity of the hip in cerebral palsy patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuo, T; Hara, H; Tada, S

    1987-01-01

    Between 1978 and 1983, 52 Japanese patients with cerebral palsy underwent operative correction of flexion deformity of the hip. The results of lengthening of the psoas, rectus femoris, and proximal hamstrings were satisfactory. The iliacus was left intact. Improvement in gait and activities of daily living was attained. Concentric reduction was obtained in 27 of 33 dislocated or subluxated hips. Sitting and perineal care were facilitated, and pain was alleviated. We conclude that preservation of the iliacus is important.

  5. Development of a porcine skeletal muscle cDNA microarray: analysis of differential transcript expression in phenotypically distinct muscles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stear Michael

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray profiling has the potential to illuminate the molecular processes that govern the phenotypic characteristics of porcine skeletal muscles, such as hypertrophy or atrophy, and the expression of specific fibre types. This information is not only important for understanding basic muscle biology but also provides underpinning knowledge for enhancing the efficiency of livestock production. Results We report on the de novo development of a composite skeletal muscle cDNA microarray, comprising 5500 clones from two developmentally distinct cDNA libraries (longissimus dorsi of a 50-day porcine foetus and the gastrocnemius of a 3-day-old pig. Clones selected for the microarray assembly were of low to moderate abundance, as indicated by colony hybridisation. We profiled the differential expression of genes between the psoas (red muscle and the longissimus dorsi (white muscle, by co-hybridisation of Cy3 and Cy5 labelled cDNA derived from these two muscles. Results from seven microarray slides (replicates correctly identified genes that were expected to be differentially expressed, as well as a number of novel candidate regulatory genes. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR on selected genes was used to confirm the results from the microarray. Conclusion We have developed a porcine skeletal muscle cDNA microarray and have identified a number of candidate genes that could be involved in muscle phenotype determination, including several members of the casein kinase 2 signalling pathway.

  6. 小儿髂腰肌脓肿的B超诊断及引流%Ilio-psoas Abscess in children:Diagnosis and Aspiration Guided by Ultrasonography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全学模; 刘正全; 谈必龙

    1997-01-01

    目的:探讨小儿髂腰肌脓肿超声诊断及导向引流的价值.方法;采用超声观察脓肿的范围及邻近组织结构.结果:超声诊断骼腰肌脓肿24例,其中16例经腹膜背侧面切开手术引流,另外8例经皮肤穿刺抽吸脓液.将收集到的脓液作培养,15例培养出葡萄球菌.结论:超声容易诊断小儿髂腰肌脓肿,治疗可采用经皮腹膜后引流.%Objective:To study the value of ultrasonography in diagnosis and guided aspirations of ilio-psoas abscess in children.Methods:The extent of the abscess and involvement of the adjacent structures were visualized by ultrasonography.Results:Twenty-four cases of ilio-psoas abscess were diagnosed.Surgical drainage by retroperitoneal approach was performed on 16 cases,and percutaneous retroperitoneal aspiration on 8 cases.The culture of staphylococcus positive was in 8.Conclusions:Ilio-psoas abscess can be diagnosed by ultrasonography and treated with percutaneous retroperitoneal drainage under the guide of ultrasonics.

  7. Our anesthesia experiences with geriatric patients at high risk group undergoing hip surgery under combined psoas compartment-sciatic nerve block

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasım Tuzcu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The effect of psoas compartment and sciatic nerve block combination on hemodynamic parameters in high risk geriatric patients with hip fracture surgeries was evaluated. Methods. In this study, high risk old patients who underwent psoas compartment block and sciatic nerve block for hip surgery anesthesia were evaluated retrospectively. In Group 1 there were 14 patients with levobupivacaine and lidocaine combination and in Group 2 there were 10 patients with levobupivacaine and prilocaine combination. In our study we evaluated the heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial blood pressure levels and sedation need between groups, between age over and below 85 years and in all patients. Results. There were no statistically significant difference in heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure levels between groups and age groups (p˃0.05. There were a 6.18% and 16.52% decrease in mean arterial blood pressure in Group 1 and 2 respectively. When we evaluated the whole patients there was a 10.06% decrease in mean arterial blood pressure. Conclusion. We consider that the combination of psoas and sciatic block as an anesthetic method may be a proper option especially in the elderly and high-risk patients who were underwent the hip surgery.

  8. 氧化苦参碱对去甲肾上腺素条件下兔心室肌细胞膜电位改变的影响%Electrophysiology Effect of Oxymatrine on Ventricle Muscle Cell of Rabbits in Conditions of Norepinephine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温强; 王雪芳; 王志勇; 刘艳明

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the electrophysiology effect of Oxymatrine on ventricle muscle cell of rabbits in conditions of norepinephine.Methods By conventional cells glass microelectrode recording means, for normall perfusate group, norepinephine (NE, 90 μmol/L ) group; norepinephine +Oxymatrine (40 mg/kg,80 mg/kg,160 mg/kg)groups perfusate,ventricle muscle cell of rabbits,rest-ing membrane potential (RP); action potential amplitude (APA); maximal rate of depolarization, Vmax);10%、50%and 90%of duration of action potential (APD10 、APD50 and APD90 ).Results Com-pared with that of normal control group,were observed ventricle muscle cell of rabbits Vmax of norepine-phine (NE,90 μ·mol/L)group significantly increased (P <0.01);APD10、APD50 and APD90 signifi-cantly increased (P < 0.01);for ventricle muscle cell of norepinephine+Oxymatrine (80 mg/kg)groups perfusate,Vmax decreased (P < 0.05);APD10 、APD50 and APD90 shortened (P < 0.05);norepine-phine+Oxymatrine (160 mg/kg)groups perfusate on ventricle muscle cell,Vmax significantly shortened (P < 0.01);APD10 、APD50 and APD90 significantly shortened (P <0.01).Conclusion Norepinephine can significantly affect ventricle muscle cell of rabbits electrical activity, Oxy matrine can weaken the effect of norepinephine,Oxymatrine can block the effects of norepinephine.%目的:探讨氧化苦参碱对去甲肾上腺素(NE)条件下兔心室肌细胞膜电位改变的影响。方法应用常规细胞内玻璃微电极记录法,观察正常灌流液组、NE (90μmol·L-1)组及氧化苦参碱(Oxy 40 mg·kg-1、80 mg·kg-1、160 mg·kg-1)+NE (90μmol·L-1)组兔心室肌细胞静息电位(resting membrane potential, RP)、动作电位幅值(action potential amplitude,APA)、0相最大除极速率(maximal rate of depolarization, Vmax)、复极10%及50%、90%时间(10% and 50%、90% of duration of action potential, APD10 and APD50、APD90)的变化。结

  9. EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC STIMULATION ON THE HEALING OF TENDON OF THE GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE IN RABBITS (Oryctolagus cunicullus EFEITOS DA ESTIMULAÇÃO ELÉTRICA NA CICATRIZAÇÃO DO TENDÃO DO MÚSCULO GASTROCNÊMIO EM COELHOS (Oryctolagus cunicullus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weslay Souza de Oliveira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical stimulation with alternate electrical current on gastrocnemius muscle tendon healing, in rabbits submitted to experimental tenotomy and tenorrhaphy. Twenty-four male rabbits, New Zealand breed, were divided into four groups of the same number, in order to evaluate the cicatricial tendon repair at 7, 15, 21 and 30 days post-surgery. The middle third of the tendon of the gastocnemius muscle was sectioned transversall and submitted to a synthesis with Kessler modified suture. After 24 hours, daily at the same schedule, were done near the cutaneous wound of the right pelvic member, applications of 2 mA of alternative current, during six minutes, at a frequence of 100 Hz. The material collected was examined by light microscopy. Significant difference wasn´t found between the treated member and the control. Transcutaneous electrotherapy was used in our experimental protocol, despite not leading to tissue damage and being less invasive in comparison to other methods, was incapable to promote a more efficient healing response on the gastrocnemius muscle tendon repair in rabbits.

    KEY WORDS: Achilles tendon, electrotherapy, surgery, tenotomy, tissue repair. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da estimulação elétrica transcutânea de corrente alternada na regeneração do tendão do músculo gastrocnêmio, em coelhos submetidos à tenotomia e tenorrafia experimental. Dividiram-se vinte e quatro coelhos adultos da raça Nova Zelândia em quatro grupos iguais para avaliação da cicatrização tendínea aos sete, quinze, vinte e um e trinta dias de pós-operatório. Após incisão cutânea de aproximadamente três centímetros, o terço médio do tendão do músculo gastrocnêmio foi individualizado, seccionado transversalmente e suturado com sutura de Kessler modificada. Decorridas 24 horas, diariamente em um mesmo horário aplicaram-se, próxima

  10. Modification of diet fatty acid composition change the fatty acid composition of rabbit meat:

    OpenAIRE

    Tatjana PIRMAN; Trebušak, Tina; Levart, Alenka

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the study was to determine the effect of linseed oil supplementation on the performance and fatty acid composition of rabbit leg muscle and adipose tissue. Two experiments were done. First experiment: twelvemale SIKA rabbits, divided in two groups, control (n = 4; commercial diet) and the linseed (n = 8; commercial diet with 9% of linseed oil sprayed onto the pellets). Second experiment: twenty-four (12 male and 12 female) SIKArabbits, divided in two groups, palm fat (n = 12;...

  11. Influence of type of muscles on nutritional value of foal meat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzo, José M; Pateiro, Mirian

    2013-03-01

    The effect of type of muscle on nutritional characteristic (fatty acid profile, amino acid content, cholesterol and major and minor mineral) of foal meat was investigated. Six muscles: longissimus dorsi (LD), semimembranosus (SM), semitendinosus (ST), biceps femoris (BF), triceps brachii (TB) and psoas major & minor (PM) from twelve foals slaughtered at 15 months from an extensive production system in freedom regimen were extracted for this study. Horse meat is characterized by low fat, low cholesterol content, rich in iron and in vitamin B. Statistical analysis showed that the cholesterol content did not show significant differences (P>0.05) among muscle with mean value range between 0.62 and 0.57 mg/100g. Most fatty acid presented significant differences (Pvalues were reported by ST muscle. Finally, foal meat seems to be a very good nutritional source of major and minor minerals. The higher nutritional value of foal meat will be of great importance in the promotion of this meat.

  12. CT Measures of Bone Mineral Density and Muscle Mass Can Be Used to Predict Noncancer Death in Men with Prostate Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Andrew M; Swain, Thomas A; Mayhew, David L; Cardan, Rex A; Baker, Christopher B; Harris, David M; Yang, Eddy S; Fiveash, John B

    2017-02-01

    Purpose To determine if computed tomographic (CT) metrics of bone mineral density and muscle mass can improve the prediction of noncancer death in men with localized prostate cancer. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained, with waiver of informed consent. All patients who underwent radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer between 2001 and 2012 with height, weight, and past medical history documented and who underwent CT that included the L4-5 vertebral interspace were included. On a single axial CT section obtained at the mid-L5 level, the mean CT attenuation of the trabecular bone of the L5 vertebral body (L5HU) was measured. The height-normalized psoas cross-sectional area (PsoasL4-5) was measured on a single CT section obtained at the L4-5 vertebral interface. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess effects on noncancer death. By using parameter estimates from an adjusted model, a prognostic index for prediction of noncancer death was generated and compared with age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) by using the Harrell c statistic. Results Six hundred fifty-three men met the inclusion criteria. Prostate cancer risk grouping, androgen deprivation, race, age-adjusted CCI, L5HU, and PsoasL4-5 were included in a multivariable model. Age-adjusted CCI (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.36, P < .001), L5HU (HR = 2.88 for L5HU < 105 HU, HR = 1.42 for 105 HU ≤ L5HU ≤ 150 HU, P < .001), PsoasL4-5 (HR = 1.95 for PsoasL4-5 < 7.5 cm(2)/m(2), P = .003), and race (HR = 1.68 for African American race, HR = 1.77 for other nonwhite race, P = .019) were independent predictors of noncancer death. The prognostic index yielded a c value of 0.747 for the prediction of noncancer death versus 0.718 for age-adjusted CCI alone. Conclusion L5HU and PsoasL4-5, which are surrogates for bone mineral density and muscle mass, respectively, were independent predictors of noncancer death. The prognostic index that incorporated

  13. The researchers developed luminous rabbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Their efforts produced two rabbits out of a litter of eight that went from being a normal, fluffy(蓬松的) white to glowing green in the dark. The rabbits were born at the University of Istanbul as part of a collaboration between scientists from universities in Turkey and Hawaii. The rabbits glow to show that a genetic manipulation technique can work efficiently,

  14. Molecular characterization and expression analysis of fat mass and obesity-associated gene in rabbit

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Jinyi Xing; Wenqian Jing; Yunliang Jiang

    2013-12-01

    Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene codes for a nuclear protein of the AlkB related nonhaem iron and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenase superfamily, and is involved in animal fat deposition and human obesity. In this work, the molecular characterization and expression features of rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) FTO cDNA were analysed. The rabbit FTO cDNA with a size of 2158 bp was cloned, including 1515 bp of the open reading frame that encoded a basic protein of 504 amino acids. Homologous comparison indicated that the rabbit FTO shared 36.36–91.88% identity with those from other species and phylogenetic analysis showed that the rabbit FTO is closely related to human, but more distantly related to zebrafish. The New Zealand rabbit FTO mRNA was detected in all tissues examined, with the highest levels found in the spleen and the lowest found in the kidney. However, no significant differences were seen in cerebellum, corpora quadrigemina, medulla oblongata and cerebral cortex of commercial adult rabbits. Moreover, mRNA levels of FTO in liver tissues were significantly increased in lactating New Zealand rabbits compared with 70-day-old, 90-day-old and gestating rabbits $(P \\lt 0.05)$. In contrast, FTO mRNA levels were significantly lower in longissimus dorsi muscle of 90-day-old New Zealand rabbits than in 70-day-old rabbits $(P \\lt 0.05)$. However, the expression levels of FTO in mammary gland and ovary of gestating and lactating rabbits were not significantly different $(P \\gt 0.05)$.

  15. Ultrastructure of Reissner's membrane in the rabbit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvortrup, K.; Rostgaard, Jørgen; Bretlau, P.

    1994-01-01

    Anatomy, Reissner's membrane, electron microscopy, tubulocisternal endoplasmic reticulum, subsurface cisterns, rabbit......Anatomy, Reissner's membrane, electron microscopy, tubulocisternal endoplasmic reticulum, subsurface cisterns, rabbit...

  16. X-rays computed tomographic scans of lower limb and trunk muscles in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horikawa, Hirosei; Mano, Yukio; Takayanagi, Tetsuya (Nara Medical Univ., Kashihara (Japan)); Takahashi, Keiichi; Nishio, Hisahide

    1992-10-01

    X-rays computed tomographic (CT) scans of muscles of the lower limbs and the trunk in 14 patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSH) were studied. The CT scans showed that the affected muscles were decreased in density and size. The laterality of muscular involvement was sometimes observed. The muscular lesions in the lower limbs showed proximal distribution. In the thigh, the hamstrings were affected first, the adductor muscles second, and then the muscular involvement progressed to the quadriceps femoris muscle. In the lower leg, the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles were relatively spared as compared with the tibialis anterior muscle. In the lumbar girdle, the abdominal muscles were involved first, the gluteal muscles second, the back muscles third, and the psoas major muscle were relatively spared. The muscular weakness of this distribution exacerbated lumbar lordosis. The neck muscles were less affected than those of the lumbar girdle. The CT scans in FSH demonstrated the characteristic pattern of muscular involvement, which differed from the inherited muscular diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy, and others. (author).

  17. MR Appearance and Clinical Significance of Changes in the Hip Muscles and Iliopsoas Tendon After Arthroscopic Iliopsoas Tenotomy in Symptomatic Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hain, Kendra S; Blankenbaker, Donna G; De Smet, Arthur A; Keene, James S; Del Rio, Alejandro Munoz

    2013-10-01

    Iliopsoas tenotomy is a treatment for snapping hip. Does this surgical procedure change the surrounding muscle and tendon anatomy? This study seeks to evaluate the changes in the MR appearance of the hip muscles and iliopsoas tendon in patients following arthroscopic iliopsoas tenotomy. One hundred sixty-nine consecutive adults were evaluated after iliopsoas tenotomy at the lesser trochanter. Each MR exam was evaluated independently by three radiologists for muscle edema, atrophy (grade 0-4), compensatory hypertrophy, signal within the iliopsoas tendon (increased on T1 or T2 sequences), and iliopsoas tendon morphology (distorted or disrupted) above, at, and below the iliopectineal eminence. A finding was considered positive if reported by two or three of the radiologists. Twenty subjects met the inclusion criteria. Muscle edema was present in 15% (3/20) of subjects within the iliacus, psoas, and quadratus femoris. Atrophy was observed in the following muscles: iliacus 85% (17/20), psoas 75% (15/20), quadratus femoris 10% (2/20), rectus femoris 5% (1/20), vastus lateralis 5% (1/20), and gluteus maximus 25% (5/20). There was no compensatory hypertrophy. Ninety percent (18/20) had increased T1 and 10% (2/20) had increased T2 signal within the iliopsoas tendon. Thirty-five percent (7/20) of the iliopsoas tendons was disrupted and 85% (17/20) was distorted, most commonly below the iliopectineal eminence. The majority of postoperative symptomatic patients has atrophy of the iliacus and psoas muscles and distortion and disruption of the iliopsoas tendon and should be recognized as a normal imaging appearance following iliopsoas tendon release.

  18. [Paralysis of the femoral nerve complicating ilio-psoas hemorrhage after iliac bone transplantation (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mestdagh, H

    1982-03-11

    The author reported an unusual complication of iliac bone transplantation for grafting of a tibial pseudarthrosis. In a patient having anticoagulant therapy, a large iliac haematoma developed in the donor site and extended deep to the iliacus muscle and through the osteomuscular gap into the retroperitoneal space. Moreover it spread downwards and entrapped the femoral nerve as it lies behind the iliac fascia, above the inguinal ligament. Both a paralytic ileus and a femoral nerve injury commanded surgical exploration through an oblique iliac approach; emptying of the clotted haematoma, section of the inguinal ligament and liberation of the femoral nerve enable to avoid definitive sequelae to the quadriceps but the time required is varying: three years after the accident, recovery is not complete in the operated patient probably owing to delayed surgery (three weeks).

  19. Muscle Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Your muscles help you move and help your body work. Different types of muscles have different jobs. There are many problems that can affect muscles. Muscle disorders can cause weakness, pain or even ...

  20. Muscle Cramps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muscle cramps are sudden, involuntary contractions or spasms in one or more of your muscles. They often occur ... minutes. It is a very common muscle problem. Muscle cramps can be caused by nerves that malfunction. Sometimes ...

  1. Development-related expression patterns of protein-coding and miRNA genes involved in porcine muscle growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, F J; Jin, L; Guo, Y Q; Liu, R; He, M N; Li, M Z; Li, X W

    2014-11-27

    Muscle growth and development is associated with remarkable changes in protein-coding and microRNA (miRNA) gene expression. To determine the expression patterns of genes and miRNAs related to muscle growth and development, we measured the expression levels of 25 protein-coding and 16 miRNA genes in skeletal and cardiac muscles throughout 5 developmental stages by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The Short Time-Series Expression Miner (STEM) software clustering results showed that growth-related genes were downregulated at all developmental stages in both the psoas major and longissimus dorsi muscles, indicating their involvement in early developmental stages. Furthermore, genes related to muscle atrophy, such as forkhead box 1 and muscle ring finger, showed unregulated expression with increasing age, suggesting a decrease in protein synthesis during the later stages of skeletal muscle development. We found that development of the cardiac muscle was a complex process in which growth-related genes were highly expressed during embryonic development, but they did not show uniform postnatal expression patterns. Moreover, the expression level of miR-499, which enhances the expression of the β-myosin heavy chain, was significantly different in the psoas major and longissimus dorsi muscles, suggesting the involvement of miR-499 in the determination of skeletal muscle fiber types. We also performed correlation analyses of messenger RNA and miRNA expression. We found negative relationships between miR-486 and forkhead box 1, and miR-133a and serum response factor at all developmental stages, suggesting that forkhead box 1 and serum response factor are potential targets of miR-486 and miR-133a, respectively.

  2. Sarcomere length organization as a design for cooperative function amongst all lumbar spine muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwambag, Derek P; Ricketts, T Alexander; Brown, Stephen H M

    2014-09-22

    The functional design of spine muscles in part dictates their role in moving, loading, and stabilizing the lumbar spine. There have been numerous studies that have examined the isolated properties of these individual muscles. Understanding how these muscles interact and work together, necessary for the prediction of muscle function, spine loading, and stability, is lacking. The objective of this study was to measure sarcomere lengths of lumbar muscles in a neutral cadaveric position and predict the sarcomere operating ranges of these muscles throughout full ranges of spine movements. Sarcomere lengths of seven lumbar muscles in each of seven cadaveric donors were measured using laser diffraction. Using published anatomical coordinate data, superior muscle attachment sites were rotated about each intervertebral joint and the total change in muscle length was used to predict sarcomere length operating ranges. The extensor muscles had short sarcomere lengths in a neutral spine posture and there were no statistically significant differences between extensor muscles. The quadratus lumborum was the only muscle with sarcomere lengths that were optimal for force production in a neutral spine position, and the psoas muscles had the longest lengths in this position. During modeled flexion the extensor, quadratus lumborum, and intertransversarii muscles lengthened so that all muscles operated in the approximate same location on the descending limb of the force-length relationship. The intrinsic properties of lumbar muscles are designed to complement each other. The extensor muscles are all designed to produce maximum force in a mid-flexed posture, and all muscles are designed to operate at similar locations of the force-length relationship at full spine flexion.

  3. The Year of the Rabbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Every year of the Chinese lunar calendar corresponds with an animal. The rat,ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse,sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig make up the Chinese zodiac, which repeats in a12-year cycle. This year’s Chinese NewYear rings in the Year of the Rabbit.

  4. Welfare assessment in pet rabbits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepers, F.; Koene, P.; Beerda, B.

    2009-01-01

    One million pet rabbits are kept in The Netherlands, but there are no data available on their behaviour and welfare. This study seeks to assess the welfare of pet rabbits in Dutch households and is a first step in the development of a welfare assessment system. In an internet survey, housing

  5. 脂肪来源干细胞修复骨骼肌放射损伤的病理学研究%Influence of adipose-derived stem cell transplantation on irradiation-induced pathological changes in skeletal muscles of rabbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙威; 倪新初; 孙苏平; 于静萍; 王坚; 聂斌; 孙志强; 倪昕晔; 蔡雷铭

    2015-01-01

    目的 观察CM-Dil标记的脂肪来源干细胞(adipose-derived stem cells,ASCs)植入放射损伤骨骼肌后的病理学改变,探讨ASCs对兔骨骼肌放射损伤的修复影响.方法 64只新西兰兔单侧臀部予9 MeV电子线单次照射80 Gy后采用随机数字表法分为ASCs组和磷酸盐缓冲液(PBS)组,每组32只,照射24 h后照射侧分别肌肉注射1 ml含5×107/ml标记后ASCs的PBS悬液和1 mlPBS缓冲液,未照射一侧作为各组正常对照.分别于照射后1、4、8和26周收集各组实验动物肌肉标本.观察标记后ASCs在骨骼肌组织中的分布及迁移,分析骨骼肌损伤病理学分级,观察4和26周时肌组织超微病理结构改变.结果 标记后的ASCs能在损伤部位迁移.ASCs组受照射骨骼肌组织病理损伤分级较PBS组在照射后1、4、8、26周显著减低(U=11.5、12.0、11.0,P<0.05).ASCs组26周时再生肌细胞数(27.01土9.36)显著高于PBS组(5.23 ±4.23)(t=15.12,P<0.05).ASCs组4和26周肌原纤维损伤程度较PBS组轻,26周ASCs组肌细胞肌间隙可见肌原纤维状结构增生.结论 ASCs能减轻受照射骨骼肌的病理组织学损伤,促进肌卫星细胞的代偿增生、再生肌组织,可能是修复骨骼肌放射损伤的部分机制.%Objective To observe the pathological changes of irradiated skeletal muscles in a rabbit model after CM-Dil fluorescence-labeled adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) transplantation and to explore the influence of ASCs on the pathological repair of radiation-induced skeletal muscle injury.Method Unilateral hips of 64 rabbits were randomly divided into ASCs group (n =32) and PBS group (n =32) and they were irradiated with a single dose of 80 Gy of 9 MeV electrons beam from a linear accelerator.The non-irradiated sides with normal skeletal muscle were used as controls.24 hours after irradiation,1 ml of the CM-Dil fluorescence-labeled ASCs (5 × 107) were locally transplanted into the irradiated side of the skeletal muscle,while PBS

  6. Development of the aerobic spoilage flora of chilled rabbit meat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Calleja, José M; García-López, María-Luisa; Santos, Jesús A; Otero, Andrés

    2005-06-01

    Even though worldwide production of rabbit meat is over 1,000,000ton, little information is available on rabbit meat microbiology. This paper reports on the microflora developing on chill-stored rabbit carcasses. Four different lots of 24h post-mortem rabbit carcasses dressed and kept at 0°C in a medium-size abattoir were collected and evaluated for sensory, physicochemical and microbiological changes during aerobic storage at 3±1°C. Mean initial pH value (pH(24)), extract-release volume (ERV) and lactate content of Biceps femoris muscle, were 6.26±0.20, 13.50±3.50ml and 0.70±0.07%, respectively. As with other muscle foods kept chilled in air, pH increased and ERV and lactate decreased as storage progressed. Initial levels (logcfu/g) of aerobes (APC), psychrotrophic flora, Pseudomonas spp., Brochothrix thermosphacta, lactic acid bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae and yeasts were 4.76±0.31, 4.81±0.81, 3.39±1.12, 2.01±0.92, 2.76±0.51, 0.49±0.45 and 3.46±0.32, respectively. Pseudomonads, most of them fluorescent, and to a lesser extent B. thermosphacta and yeasts grew faster than the remaining microorganisms and became predominant at the end of the shelf life. Carcasses spoiled when mean APC, psychrotrophic and pseudomonads numbers were ca. 8logcfu/g, their mean shelf life being estimated at 6.8 days. A lot of DFD-like rabbit carcasses, with higher pH and lower ERV values but similar microbial loads to normal meat, developed a strong putrid odour after 4 days.

  7. INFECTIOUS MYXOMATOSIS OF RABBITS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivers, T. M.

    1930-01-01

    The virus of infectious myxomatosis of rabbits (Sanarelli) induces multiple lesions in the skin, lymph glands, tunica vaginalis,epididymis, testicle, spleen, and lungs. Growth and destruction of cells in the epidermis overlying the myxomatous masses leads to the formation of vesicles. Cytoplasmic inclusions are found in affected epidermal cells. Occasionally, similar inclusions are seen in other involved epithelial cells. The nature of the inclusions is an open question. In the myxomatous masses situated in the subcutaneous and other tissues, evidences of alteration and growth of certain cells are observed. PMID:19869741

  8. The White Rabbit project

    CERN Document Server

    Serrano, J; Gousiou, E; van der Bij, E; Wlostowski, T; Daniluk, G; Lipinski, M

    2013-01-01

    White Rabbit (WR) is a multi-laboratory, multi- company collaboration for the development of a new Ethernet-based technology which ensures sub-nanosecond synchronisation and deterministic data transfer. The project uses an open source paradigm for the development of its hardware, gateware and software components. This article provides an introduction to the technical choices and an explanation of the basic principles underlying WR. It then describes some possible applications and the current status of the project. Finally, it provides insight on current developments and future plans.

  9. Reconstruction of rabbit urethra using urethral extracellular matrix

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨嗣星; 姚颐; 胡云飞; 宋超; 王玲珑; 金化民

    2004-01-01

    Background Urethral reconstruction for both congenital and acquired etiologies remains a challenge for most urologic surgeons. Tissue engineering has been proposed as a strategy for urethral reconstruction. The purpose of This study was to determine whether a naturally derived extracellular matrix substitute developed for urethral reconstruction would be suitable for urethral repair in an animal model.Methods A urethral segmental defect was created in 20 male rabbits. The urethral extracellular matrix, obtained and processed from rabbit urethral tissue, was trimmed and transplanted to repair the urethral defect. Then, the regenerated segment was studied histologically by haematoxylin-eosin staining and Van Gieson staining at 10 days, 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 24 weeks postoperation. Retrograde urethrography was used to evaluate the function of the regenerated urethras of 4 rabbits 10 and 24 weeks after the operation. The urodynamics of 4 rabbits from the experimental group and control group Ⅰ were assessed and compared. In addition, 4 experimental group rabbits were examined by a urethroscope 24 weeks after the operation.Results At 10 days after operation, epithelial cells had migrated from each side, and small vessels were observed in the extracellular matrix. The matrix and adjacent areas of the host tissue were infiltrated with inflammatory cells. The epithelium covered the extracellular matrix fully at 3 weeks postoperation. Well-formed smooth-muscle cells were first confirmed after 6 weeks, at which point the inflammatory cells had disappeared. At 24 weeks postoperation, the regenerated tissue was equivalent to the normal urethra. Urethrography and urodynamic evaluations showed that there was no difference between normal tissue and regenerated tissue.Conclusions Urethral extracellular matrix appears to be a useful material for urethral repair in rabbits. The matrix can be processed easily and has good characteristics for tissue handling and urethral function.

  10. Effect of tadalafil in chronic renal failure rabbits: relevance to erectile dysfunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meng-yuan ZHANG; Qiang FU; Wei BIAN

    2011-01-01

    It is of great importance to investigate an effective and reliable medication against chronic renal failure (CRF)-related erectile dysfunction (ED), which aims to improve patients' life qualities. The concentrations of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in the corpus cavernosal smooth muscle of both CRF and control rabbits were measured. The effects of various concentrations of tadalafil, papaverine, and sodium nitroprusside on the relaxation responses of corpus cavernosal smooth muscle pre-contracted with phenylephrine in CRF rabbits were observed. There was significant difference in the concentration of cGMP between CRF and control rabbits (P<0.01). Tadalafil had the greatest impacts on CRF rabbits when given the same concentration of papaverine or sodium nitroprusside and particularly significant differences were identified under the concentration levels of 10-5 and 10-4 mol/L (P<0.01). The results suggest that the cGMP concentrations of the corpus cavernosum had been greatly reduced in CRF rabbits compared with control rabbits and that tadalafil may be an ideal medication for use in the treatment of CRF-related ED.

  11. Genetic effect of Myf5 gene in rabbit meat quality traits

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    JIE WANG; YONGSONG HU; MAURICIO A. ELZO; YU SHI; XIANBO JIA; SHIYI CHEN; SONGJIA LAI

    2017-09-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the polymorphism in the Myf5 gene on meat quality traits in the Ira and Tianfu Black rabbit breeds using polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. A total of six SNPs and four haplotypes were found in Ira rabbits and only two SNPs were found in Tianfu Black rabbits. The two rabbit breeds had intermediate levels of genetic diversity according to their polymorphic information content values. The SNP association analysis in Ira indicated that SNP1-6 had a significant association with redness, yellowness and intramuscular fat values in the biceps femoris muscle, and alsoa significantly effect on redness in the longissimus dorsi muscle. The haplotype association analysis indicated that some haplotypes could be selected to get higher or lower meat redness, yellowness and intramuscular fat content in longissimus dorsi in Ira rabbits. Several SNPs and haplotypes of Myf5 identified here could be considered as molecular markers to improve the meat quality of Iraand Tianfu Black rabbits.

  12. Tramadol as adjunct to psoas compartment block with levobupivacaine 0.5%: a randomized double-blinded study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mannion, S

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND: Tramadol has been administered peripherally to prolong analgesia after brachial plexus and neuraxial blocks. Our aim was to evaluate the systemic and perineural effects of tramadol as an analgesic adjunct to psoas compartment block (PCB) with levobupivacaine. METHODS: In a randomized, prospective, double-blinded trial, 60 patients (ASA I-III), aged 49-88 yr, undergoing primary total hip or knee arthroplasty underwent PCB and subsequent bupivacaine spinal anaesthesia. Patients were randomized into three groups. Each patient received PCB with levobupivacaine 0.5%, 0.4 ml kg(-1). The control group (group L, n=21) received i.v. saline, the systemic tramadol group (group IT, n=19) received i.v. tramadol 1.5 mg kg(-1) and the perineural tramadol group (group T, n=20) received i.v. saline and PCB with tramadol 1.5 mg kg(-1). Postoperatively patients received regular paracetamol 6-hourly and diclofenac sodium 12-hourly. Time to first morphine analgesia, 24-hour morphine consumption, sensory block, pain and sedation scores and haemodynamic parameters were recorded. RESULTS: Time (h) to first morphine analgesia was similar in the three groups [mean (SD)]: group L, 11.2 (6.6); group T, 14.5 (8.0); group IT, 14.6 (6.8); P=0.35. Twenty-four-hour cumulative morphine (mg) consumption was also similar in the three groups [group L, 21.9 (10.1); group T, 19.8 (6.7), group IT, 16.5 (9.5)], as were durations of sensory and motor block. There were no differences in the incidence of adverse effects except that patients in group IT were more sedated at 14 h than group L (P=0.02). CONCLUSION: We conclude that our data do not support a clinically important local anaesthetic or peripheral analgesic effect of tramadol as adjunct to PCB with levobupivacaine 0.5%.

  13. Analgesia pós-operatória para procedimentos cirúrgicos ortopédicos de quadril e fêmur: comparação entre bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e bloqueio perivascular inguinal Analgesia postoperatoria para procedimientos quirúrgicos ortopédicos de cadera y fémur: comparación entre bloqueo del compartimiento del psoas y bloqueo perivascular inguinal Postoperative analgesia for orthopedic surgeries of the hip and femur: a comparison between psoas compartment and inguinal paravascular blocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Este estudo avaliou a eficácia da injeção única de bupivacaína a 0,25% no compartimento do psoas ou perivascular inguinal por meio do estimulador de nervos periféricos para analgesia pós-operatória em pacientes submetidos a intervenções cirúrgicas ortopédicas. MÉTODO: Cem pacientes receberam bloqueio do plexo lombar através do compartimento do psoas e foram comparados com 100 pacientes que receberam bloqueio do plexo lombar via perivascular inguinal, identificados pelo estimulador de nervos periféricos com a injeção de 40 mL bupivacaína a 0,25% sem epinefrina. A analgesia nos nervos ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, cutâneo femoral lateral, femoral e obturatório foi avaliada 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 e 24 horas após o final da intervenção cirúrgica. A intensidade da dor foi também avaliada no mesmo período. A quantidade de opióides administrada no pós-operatório foi anotada. Em cinco pacientes de cada grupo, estudo radiográfico com contraste não-iônico foi realizado para avaliar a dispersão da solução anestésica. RESULTADOS: Os nervos ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, cutâneo femoral lateral, femoral e obturatório foram bloqueados em 92% dos pacientes no compartimento do psoas versus 62% no bloqueio perivascular inguinal. O bloqueio do plexo lombar reduziu a necessidade de opióides e 42% dos pacientes submetidos ao bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e 36% dos pacientes no bloqueio inguinal não necessitaram de analgésico adicional no pós-operatório. A duração da analgesia foi em torno de 21 horas com bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e 15 horas com bloqueio perivascular inguinal. CONCLUSÕES: O bloqueio do compartimento do psoas e perivascular inguinal é uma excelente técnica para analgesia pós-operatória em intervenções cirúrgicas ortopédicas reduzindo a necessidade de opióides. Este estudo mostrou que a injeção no compartimento do psoas foi mais fácil e mais efetiva no bloqueio

  14. Dual regulation of muscle glycogen synthase during exercise by activation and compartmentalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prats, Clara; Helge, Jørn W; Nordby, Pernille;

    2009-01-01

    lateralis muscle of the previously reported mechanism of glycogen metabolism regulation in rabbit tibialis anterior muscle. After overnight low muscle glycogen level and/or in response to exhausting exercise-induced glycogenolysis, GS is associated with spherical structures at the I-band of sarcomeres....

  15. Effects of weight loss and exercise on trunk muscle composition in older women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan AS

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Alice S Ryan, Aruna Selina Harduarsingh-Permaul Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center; Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Maryland; Baltimore Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center (GRECC, and Research and Development Service, VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, MD, USA Background: Aging and obesity increase the risk for mobility limitations in women. Although trunk muscle composition is important to physical function, the implication of ectopic fat in the trunk muscles with respect to physical fitness and its potential for modification by lifestyle changes is unknown. Methods: The effects of a 6-month period of either weight loss (WL alone or of aerobic exercise (AEX plus WL (AEX+WL, on trunk body composition, as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA (to measure trunk fat and lean mass and computed tomography (CT (to measure the erector spinae, psoas, lateral abdominal, rectus abdominis muscle, and intramuscular fat, and the intramuscular adipose tissue [IMAT] areas was determined in 65 overweight and obese postmenopausal women (aged 50-76 years. Results: The area of the erector spinae, psoas, and rectus abdominis muscles declined with age in the women (P<0.05. Both the spinal and abdominal muscle areas were related to the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max (P<0.05. Body weight decreased by 8% after both AEX+WL and WL (P<0.001. The VO2max increased by 11% after AEX+WL (P<0.001 but did not change with WL alone (group effect, P<0.001. The DXA-measured trunk fat mass decreased by 16% after AEX+WL (P<0.001 and by 12% after WL (P<0.001. When both groups were combined, the IMAT decreased in all four muscle groups - by 6% in the erector spinae (P<0.01, by 9% in the psoas (P<0.01, by 11% in the lateral abdominals (P<0.001, and by 6% in the rectus abdominis (P<0.05. The loss of fat mass was related to the loss of IMAT of the erector spinae and the lateral abdominals. Conclusions: A lifestyle

  16. Role of lactate dehydrogenase in metmyoglobin reduction and color stability of different bovine muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Y H; Keeton, J T; Smith, S B; Berghman, L R; Savell, J W

    2009-11-01

    The role of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in metmyoglobin reducing activity (MRA) and color stability of different bovine muscles was studied in two consecutive experiments. In experiment 1, three different bovine muscles -M. longissimus lumborum (LL), M. semimembranosus (SM), and M. psoas major (PM) - were obtained (n=7, respectively), cut into steaks, PVC packaged, and then displayed for 7days at 1°C. The LL was the most red over display time and had more (PLDH-B activity (catalyzing toward NADH generation), LDH1 isoform expression, NADH, and higher (PLDH-B activity, NADH, and a* values after 10days display at 1°C. These results suggest that variation in color stability of physiologically different muscles is regulated by different replenishment rates of NADH via different LDH isozymes.

  17. Effects of Porphyromonas gingivalis on expression of IL-6 and IL-1 β in rabbit vascular smooth muscle cells%牙龈卟啉单胞菌对兔血管平滑肌细胞分泌IL-1β、IL-6的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵瑜敏; 张明珠; 税艳青; 陈立忠; 崔平平; 雷雅燕

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察牙龈卟啉单胞菌(Porphyromonas gingivalis,Pg)上清液对体外培养的兔血管平滑肌细胞分泌IL-1β、IL-6的影响.方法:组织块法培养兔腹主动脉血管平滑肌细胞,并对其细胞来源进行鉴定.用4.3×106 CFU/mL的Pg上清液刺激细胞12、24、48h后,通过ELISA检测IL-1β、IL -6的水平;同时用RT-PCR检测其mRNA表达的情况.结果:Pg上清液刺激24h和48 h时能促进血管平滑肌细胞分泌IL-6,分别与同一时间点的对照组相比差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),而且24 h时,IL-6表达最强,而IL-1β的表达最低,明显低于相同时间的对照组和其他时间点的实验组(P<0.05).RT-PCR检测显示,4.3×106 CFU/mL的Pg 上清刺激血管平滑细胞12、24、48 h后细胞内均有IL - 1β、IL-6的基因表达,在24 h时,血管平滑肌细胞的IL-Iβ基因表达减少,而IL-6基因表达增加.结论:Pg上清液可促进细胞合成和分泌IL-6,在动脉粥样硬化的发生发展过程中可能发挥一定作用.%AIM; To investigate the effects of Porphyromonas gingivalis on the expression of IL-6 and IL-1β in rabbit vascular smooth muscle cells (CSMCs). METHODS; Rabbit VSMCs were derived from primary cluture of rabbit abdominal aorta. VSMCs were stimulated with P. gingivalis supernatant. At 12 h, 24 h and 48 h of stimulation, VSMCs cell culture medium was subjected to ELISA for IL-6 and IL-1β protein measurement. RNA was extracted from the cells and RT-PCR was conducted to determine IL-6 and IL-1 β gene expression. RESULTS; Exposure to P. gingivalis supernatant significantly increased gene expression and protein secretion of IL-6 in VSMCs ( P < 0. 05 ) . However, IL-1β expression was significantly decreased at 24 h of P. gingivalis exprosure ( P < 0. 05 ) , although a slight increase was observed at 48 h. CONCLUSION; P. gingivalis supernatant shows different effects on IL-6 and IL-1β expression in VSMCs. P. gingivalis may play an important role in the development of

  18. Relaxant Effect of Daurinoline on Vascular Smooth Muscle of Isolated Rabbit Basilar Artery%蝙蝠葛诺林碱对家兔体外基底动脉血管平滑肌舒张作用的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈密; 崔海东; 郝素芳; 卢云; 郭莲军

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of daurinoline on basilar artery vascular smooth muscle. Methods The tension of isolated basilar artery ring of rabbit was measured. The effects of daurinoline on the basilar artery contracted by methoxamine,5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT),KCl and Histamine( His)were also examined. Dose-response curves of 5-HT and KCl were observed as well. Results Daurinoline exerted obvious relaxation effect on the basilar artery vascular ring contracted by methoxamine,5-HT,KCl and His in a concentration-dependent manner. IC50 of daurinoline in methoxamine,5-HT,KCl and His-treated rabbits was 8.67×10-5,1.78×10-6,6.79×10-7 and 4.98×10-4 mol·L-1,respectively. The change of concentration-response curves of methoxamine,5-HT,KCl and His showed that daurinoline was a non-competitive antagonist. Conclusion Daurinoline exerts marked relaxation effect on basilar artery of rabbits through non-competitive antagonism. The mechanism of relaxation action may be related to blockage of voltage-dependent or receptor-dependent calcium channels.%目的:探讨蝙蝠葛诺林碱对家兔基底动脉血管平滑肌的舒张作用。方法制备家兔基底动脉血管环,采用半对数摩尔浓度累积给药方法,观察给予蝙蝠葛诺林碱对家兔基底动脉血管平滑肌的舒张作用。结果蝙蝠葛诺林碱对甲氧胺、5-羟色胺、氯化钾和组胺所致的家兔基底动脉收缩均有明显的扩张作用,最大舒张50%( IC50)浓度分别为8.67×10-5,1.78×10-6,6.79×10-7,4.98×10-4 mol·L-1。同时对甲氧胺、5-羟色胺、氯化钾和组胺所致量效曲线的影响,均显示为非竞争性拮抗作用。结论蝙蝠葛诺林碱通过非竞争性拮抗作用,能有效舒张家兔基底动脉血管平滑肌,改善脑循环。

  19. Oral administration of myostatin-specific recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae vaccine in rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhongtian; Zhou, Gang; Ren, Chonghua; Xu, Kun; Yan, Qiang; Li, Xinyi; Zhang, Tingting; Zhang, Zhiying

    2016-04-29

    Yeast is considered as a simple and cost-effective host for protein expression, and our previous studies have proved that Saccharomyces cerevisiae can deliver recombinant protein and DNA into mouse dendritic cells and can further induce immune responses as novel vaccines. In order to know whether similar immune responses can be induced in rabbit by oral administration of such recombinant S. cerevisiae vaccine, we orally fed the rabbits with heat-inactivated myostatin-recombinant S. cerevisiae for 5 weeks, and then myostatin-specific antibody in serum was detected successfully by western blotting and ELISA assay. The rabbits treated with myostatin-recombinant S. cerevisiae vaccine grew faster and their muscles were much heavier than that of the control group. As a common experimental animal and a meat livestock with great economic value, rabbit was proved to be the second animal species that have been successfully orally immunized by recombinant S. cerevisiae vaccine after mice.

  20. Oculoscopy in Rabbits and Rodents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jekl, Vladimir; Hauptman, Karel; Knotek, Zdenek

    2015-09-01

    Ophthalmic diseases are common in rabbits and rodents. Fast and definitive diagnosis is imperative for successful treatment of ocular diseases. Ophthalmic examination in rabbits and rodents can be challenging. Oculoscopy offers great magnification for the examination of the ocular structures in such animals, including the evaluation of cornea, anterior eye chamber, limbus, iris, lens, and retina. To date, oculoscopy has been described only sporadically and/or under experimental conditions. This article describes the oculoscopy technique, normal and abnormal ocular findings, and the most common eye disorders diagnosed with the aid of endoscopy in rabbits and rodents.

  1. The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) somatic nucleus can dedifferentiate in rabbit ooplasm and support early development of the reconstructed egg

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈大元; 孙青原; 刘冀珑; 李光鹏; 廉莉; 王敏康; 韩之明; 宋祥芬; 李劲松; 孙强; 陈玉村; 张亚平; 丁波

    1999-01-01

    The giant panda skeletal muscle cells, uterus epithelial cells and mammary gland cells from an adult individual were cultured and used as nucleus donor for the construction of interspecies embryos by transferring them into enucleated rabbit eggs. All the three kinds of somatic cells were able to reprogram in rabbit ooplasm and support early embryo development, of which mammary gland cells were proven to be the best, followed by uterus epithelial cells and skeletal muscle cells. The experiments showed that direct injection of mammary gland cell into enucleated rabbit ooplasm, combined with in vivo development in ligated rabbit oviduct, achieved higher blastoeyst development than in vitro culture after the somatic cell was injected into the perivitelline space and fused with the enucleated egg by electrical stimulation. The chromosome analysis demonstrated that the genetic materials in reconstructed blastocyst cells were the same as that in panda somatic cells. In addition, giant panda mitochondrial DNA (

  2. Decellularized Human Skeletal Muscle as Biologic Scaffold for Reconstructive Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Porzionato

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Engineered skeletal muscle tissues have been proposed as potential solutions for volumetric muscle losses, and biologic scaffolds have been obtained by decellularization of animal skeletal muscles. The aim of the present work was to analyse the characteristics of a biologic scaffold obtained by decellularization of human skeletal muscles (also through comparison with rats and rabbits and to evaluate its integration capability in a rabbit model with an abdominal wall defect. Rat, rabbit and human muscle samples were alternatively decellularized with two protocols: n.1, involving sodium deoxycholate and DNase I; n.2, trypsin-EDTA and Triton X-NH4OH. Protocol 2 proved more effective, removing all cellular material and maintaining the three-dimensional networks of collagen and elastic fibers. Ultrastructural analyses with transmission and scanning electron microscopy confirmed the preservation of collagen, elastic fibres, glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans. Implantation of human scaffolds in rabbits gave good results in terms of integration, although recellularization by muscle cells was not completely achieved. In conclusion, human skeletal muscles may be effectively decellularized to obtain scaffolds preserving the architecture of the extracellular matrix and showing mechanical properties suitable for implantation/integration. Further analyses will be necessary to verify the suitability of these scaffolds for in vitro recolonization by autologous cells before in vivo implantation.

  3. Skeletal muscle

    Science.gov (United States)

    There are approximately 650-850 muscles in the human body these include skeletal (striated), smooth and cardiac muscle. The approximation is based on what some anatomists consider separate muscle or muscle systems. Muscles are classified based on their anatomy (striated vs. smooth) and if they are v...

  4. [Changes in titin and myosin heavy chain isoform composition in skeletal muscles of Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) after 12-day spaceflight].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuneva, A D; Vikhliantsev, I M; Shpagina, M D; Rogachevskiĭ, V V; Khutsian, S S; Poddubnaia, Z A; Grigor'ev, A I

    2012-01-01

    Changes of titin and myosin heavy chain isoform composition in skeletal muscles (m. soleus, m. gastrocnemius, m. tibialis anterior, m. psoas major) in Mongolian Gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus ) were investigated after 12-day spaceflight on board of Russian space vehicle "Foton-M3". In m. psoas and m. soleus in the gerbils from "Flight" group the expected increase in the content of fast myosin heavy chain isoforms (IIxd and IIa, respectively) were observed. No significant differences were found in the content of IIxd and IIa isoforms of myosin heavy chain in m. tibialis anterior in the gerbils from control group as compared to that in "Flight" group. An unexpected increase in the content of slow myosin heavy chain I isoform and a decrease in the content of fast IIx/d isoform in m. gastrocnemius of the gerbils from "Flight" group were observed. In skeletal muscles of the gerbils from "Flight" group the relative content of titin N2A-isoform was reduced (by 1,2-1,7 times), although the content of its NT-isoform, which was revealed in striated muscles of mammals in our experiments earlier, remained the same. When the content of titin N2A-isoform was decreased, no predictable abnormalities in sarcomeric structure and contractile ability of skeletal muscles in the gerbils from "Flight" group were found. An assumption on the leading role of titin NT-isoform in maintenance of structural and functional properties of striated muscles of mammals was made.

  5. Estudo sobre a aplicabilidade de adesivos biológicos à reinserção de músculo ocular externo em coelhos - II. Experimento II - Medida das distâncias das bordas nasal e temporal do músculo ao limbo e da extensão da adesão tecidual A study of the applicability of biological adhesives to the insertion of an external ocular muscle in rabbits - II. Experiment II - Measurement of the distances from the nasal and temporal muscles to the limbus and of the extent of tissue adhesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Simões Corrêa

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir a extensão de aderências mioesclerais no quadragésimo dia de pós-operatório. MÉTODOS: Quinze coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram distribuídos em três grupos de cinco coelhos, submetidos à operação de desinserção do músculo reto superior de ambos os olhos, e reposicionamento no local da inserção original: o Grupo SP para o controle, sutura com fio de poliglactina 910 (Vicryl® 6-0, Grupo AF, adesivo de fibrina (Beriplast-P®, e Grupo AC, adesivo de cianoacrilato (Histoacryl®. Antes da desinserção muscular, foram medidas as distâncias do gancho sob o músculo ao limbo, borda medial e lateral. Após quarenta e cinco dias, estes olhos foram reoperados e as medidas realizadas novamente. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre os adesivos estudados, quanto à adesão tecidual e às distâncias encontradas do músculo ao limbo nos pré- e pós-operatórios. CONCLUSÕES: As aderências teciduais encontradas foram provavelmente devidas aos processos de cicatrização, não dependendo dos materiais estudados.PURPOSE: Measure the extent of mioscleral adhesion on the fourtieth postoperative day. METHODS: Fifteen New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups of five rabbits. They were operated on to server the insertion of the rectus muscle in the eye and then to reinsert it. Group SP, polyglactin (Vicryl® was used as control. In group AF, fibrin adhesive (Beriplast-P® was used, and in group AC, cyanoacrylate adhesive (Histoacryl®. Before severing muscle insertion, the distances between the muscle attachments of the limbus to the medial and lateral borders were measured. After forty-five days, the operation was again performed and the measurements were taken once more. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the studied adhesives in terms of tissue adhesion and of the distances from the muscle to the limbus before and after surgery. CONCLUSION: The found tissue adhesion was probably due

  6. Tenderization potential of Hanwoo beef muscles from carcasses with differed genders and loin intramuscular fat content levels during post mortem ageing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Beom Young; Seong, Pil Nam; Ba, Hoa Van; Park, Kyoung Mi; Cho, Soo Hyun; Moon, Sung Sil; Kang, Geun Ho

    2015-06-01

    Carcasses from Hanwoo steers (n = 15) and cows (n = 15) were classified into three groups: group 1 (G1), the carcasses had 10% to muscles; group 2 (G2), the carcasses had 13% to muscles; and group 3(G3), the carcasses had 17% to muscles. These were used to evaluate the effects of gender and carcass group on quality traits and Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) of Psoas major (PM), Longissimus thoracis (LT), Longissimus lumborum (LL), Longus colli (LC), Supraspinatus (SS), Latissimus dorsi (LAD), Semimembranosus (SM), Quadriceps femoris (QF), Biceps femoris (BF) and Semitendinosus (ST) muscles. Our results showed that pH values of LT, LL, LC, BF and QF muscles were lower in steers than in cows (P muscles of steers (P muscles in G1, and QF muscle in G3; however, with additional ageing, the gender effect was observed for most of the muscles. Most muscles showed ageing responses; however, the rates of ageing response significantly varied depending on gender and carcass groups. The muscles of G1 and G2 had generally higher tenderization potentials than those of G3. Furthermore, most muscles in G3 had generally lower WBSF values than in G1 and G2. These results clearly indicate that ageing has a significant effect on quality and WBSF of beef muscles, and the classification by loin IMF level may be useful for prediction of the tenderness of other muscles.

  7. 旋覆代赭汤对反流性食管炎家兔食管下括约肌L型钙通道的作用研究%Regulation of L-type Calcium Channels by Xuanfu Daizhe Soup in the Lower Esophageal Sphincter Smooth Muscle of Rabbit Reflux Esophagitis Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊杰; 吴茂申

    2014-01-01

    Objective]To research the regulation of L-type calcium channels by Xuanfu Daizhe soup in the lower esophageal sphincter(LES) smooth muscle of rabbit reflux esophagitis model induced by mixed perfusion of hydrochloric acid and bile. [Methods]Established the rabbit model of mixed reflux esophagitis, nifedipine was used to block L-type calcium channel.The muscle tension of L-type calcium channel were compared among groups in the experiments. [Results]The calcium releasing and flowing phase of LES in the model group was higher than that in the normal group, the whole recipe group, sweet-scending group, the getting rid of bitter-reducing group and the getting rid of lifting and declining group( P0.05). There was no significant difference between the normal group and the whole recipe group in calcium releasing and flowing phase of LES( P>0.05). [Conclusion]The decreasing of reflux esophagitis model LES tension was relevant with the L-type calcium channel dysfunction;Xuanfu Daizhe soup could improve the LES tension by regulating L-type calcium channels. The sweet-ascending group had a remarkable effect among those dismantle prescription groups.%[目的]研究旋覆代赭汤对酸和胆汁混合致反流性食管炎家兔食管下括约肌(LES)L型钙通道的调控机制。[方法]制备家兔反流性食管炎模型,用硝苯地平(nifedipine)阻断L型钙通道,比较各组LES环行肌L型钙通道阻断前后张力幅度的差异。[结果]L型钙通道阻断前后各组LES环行肌张力比较:正常组、全方组、甘升组、去苦降组、去升降相因组LES环行肌钙释放相、内流相张力均高于模型组(P<0.01),而苦降组、升降相因组、去甘升组LES环行肌钙释放相与模型组相比无显著性差异(P>0.05),正常组与全方组LES环行肌钙释放相、内流相张力相比无显著性差异(P>0.05)。[结论]酸和胆汁混合致反流性食管炎模型家兔LES环行肌张力下降,与L型钙通道功能障碍

  8. Fatty replacement of lower paraspinal muscles: normal and neuromuscular disorders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hader, H.; Gadoth, N.; Heifetz, H.

    1983-11-01

    The physiologic replacement of the lower paraspinal muscles by fat was evaluated in 157 patients undergoing computed tomography for reasons unrelated to abnormalities of the locomotor system. Five patients with neuromuscular disorders were similarly evaluated. The changes were graded according to severity at three spinal levels: lower thoracic-upper lumbar, midlumbar, and lumbosacral. The results were analyzed in relation to age and gender. It was found that fatty replacement of paraspinal muscles is a normal age-progressive phenomenon most prominent in females. It progresses down the spine, being most advanced in the lumbosacral region. The severest changes in the five patients with neuromuscular disorders (three with poliomyelitis and two with progressive muscular dystrophy) consisted of complete muscle group replacement by fat. In postpoliomyelitis atrophy, the distribution was typically asymmetric and sometimes lacked clinical correlation. In muscular dystrophy, fatty replacement was symmetric, showing relative sparing of the psoas and multifidus muscles. In patients with neuromuscular diseases, computed tomography of muscles may be helpful in planning a better rehabilitation regimen.

  9. Correlation of histological findings with gadolinium enhanced MRI scans during healing of a PHEMA orbital implant in rabbits

    OpenAIRE

    Hicks, C.; Morris, I.; Vijayasekaran, S; Fallon, M.; McAllister, J.; Clayton, A.; Chirila, T.; Crawford, G; Constable, I

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIMS—To investigate a poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) orbital implant with a spongy anterior hemisphere and a smooth gel posterior hemisphere, by histology correlated with magnetic resonance images.
METHODS—Following enucleation, eight rabbits received PHEMA implants to which the muscles were directly sutured, and underwent gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from 3 to 52 weeks. After the rabbits were killed, the implants were removed, cut in a plane corr...

  10. CONTRACTION CHARACTERISTICS AND MYOSIN HEAVY-CHAIN COMPOSITION OF RABBIT MASSETER MOTOR UNITS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    KWA, SHS; WEIJS, WA; JUCH, PJW

    1995-01-01

    1. We studied isometric twitch peak force (TPF) and twitch contraction time (TCT) of 249 motor units of the masseter muscle in 41 rabbits after extracellular electrical stimulation of single trigeminal motoneurons in the brain stem. In 41 of these units we determined the amount of tension decrease d

  11. Lectins binding during alloxan-induced diabetes in rat soleus muscle

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2008-04-17

    Apr 17, 2008 ... Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterized by ... aortic smooth muscle cell of rabbits (Alpui et al., 1993). The mechanism of ... Lectins used and their carbohydrate specificities. Source of lectin.

  12. Muscle Deoxygenation Causes Muscle Fatigue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murthy, G.; Hargens, A. R.; Lehman, S.; Rempel, D.

    1999-01-01

    Muscle fatigue is a common musculoskeletal disorder in the work place, and may be a harbinger for more disabling cumulative trauma disorders. Although the cause of fatigue is multifactorial, reduced blood flow and muscle oxygenation may be the primary factor in causing muscle fatigue during low intensity muscle exertion. Muscle fatigue is defined as a reduction in muscle force production, and also occurs among astronauts who are subjected to postural constraints while performing lengthy, repetitive tasks. The objectives of this research are to: 1) develop an objective tool to study the role of decreased muscle oxygenation on muscle force production, and 2) to evaluate muscle fatigue during prolonged glovebox work.

  13. The cottontail rabbits of Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llewellyn, L.M.; Handley, C.O.

    1945-01-01

    Five races of cottontail rabbits belonging to three species occur in Virginia. One of them, the Mearns cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus mearnsi), is reported here for the first time. It occurs in six southwestern counties of the state, while the eastern cottontail (S. f. mallurus) occurs in the remainder of the state with the exception of Smith and Fishermans islands off the eastern coast of Cape Charles, where it is replaced by Hitchens cottontail (S. f. hitchensi). The New England cottontail (S. transitionalis) is found on the higher mountain peaks, above 3000 feet, and the swamp rabbit (S. palustris) occurs in the Dismal Swamp region of southeastern Virginia.....The height of the breeding season for the eastern cottontail in Virginia is March and April, but breeding continues through the entire year except in December and January. The average litter size based on embryo counts was 4.7. The sex ratio of 234 specimens from all parts of the state, taken mostly in the December to February period, was 53 males to 47 females. That of a group of 145 rabbits live-trapped at Blacksburg during February and Marchwas 58 males to 42 females. The figures show that males are more active than females during the winter months, and therefore are more easily taken then....In transplanting cottontails from one section of the state to another, it is recommended that only cottontails of the same race as those originally present in the region being restocked be released there....Tularemia is not a common disease among rabbits in Virginia, but the rabbit ticks are often carriers of the disease and may transmit it to rabbits. Rabbit ticks are also found to be carriers of Rocky Mountain fever and American Q. fever. After the ticks drop off the rabbits to hibernate in the ground, which is likely to occur during mid-winter in Virginia, there is relatively little danger of humans contracting tularemia by contact with rabbits. Present laws in Virginia which prohibit rabbit hunting until the

  14. Muscle disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myopathic changes; Myopathy; Muscle problem ... Blood tests sometimes show abnormally high muscle enzymes. If a muscle disorder might also affect other family members, genetic testing may be done. When someone has symptoms and signs ...

  15. Rupture of the ilio-psoas tendon after a total hip arthroplasty: an unusual cause of radio-lucency of the lesser trochanter simulating a malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pitcher J David

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Avulsion fracture or progressive radiolucency of lesser trochanter is considered a pathognomic finding in patients with malignancies. Although surgical release of the iliopsoas tendon may be required during a total hip arthroplasty (THA, there is no literature on spontaneous rupture of the ilio-psoas tendon after a THA causing significant functional impairment. We report here such a case, which developed progressive radiolucency of the lesser trochanter over six years after a THA, simulating a malignancy. The diagnosis was confirmed by MRI. Because of the chronic nature of the lesion, gross retraction of the tendon into the pelvis, and low demand of our patient, he was treated by physiotherapy and gait training. Injury to the ilio-psoas tendon can occur in various steps of the THA and extreme care should be taken to avoid this injury. Prevention during surgery is better, although there are no reports of repair in the THA setting. This condition should be considered in patients who present with progressive radioluceny of the lesser trochanter, especially in the setting of a hip/pelvic surgery. Awareness and earlier recognition of the signs and symptoms of this condition will aid in diagnosis and will direct appropriate management.

  16. Rupture of the ilio-psoas tendon after a total hip arthroplasty: an unusual cause of radio-lucency of the lesser trochanter simulating a malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maheshwari, Aditya V; Malhotra, Rajesh; Kumar, Deepak; Pitcher, J David

    2010-02-05

    Avulsion fracture or progressive radiolucency of lesser trochanter is considered a pathognomic finding in patients with malignancies. Although surgical release of the iliopsoas tendon may be required during a total hip arthroplasty (THA), there is no literature on spontaneous rupture of the ilio-psoas tendon after a THA causing significant functional impairment. We report here such a case, which developed progressive radiolucency of the lesser trochanter over six years after a THA, simulating a malignancy. The diagnosis was confirmed by MRI. Because of the chronic nature of the lesion, gross retraction of the tendon into the pelvis, and low demand of our patient, he was treated by physiotherapy and gait training. Injury to the ilio-psoas tendon can occur in various steps of the THA and extreme care should be taken to avoid this injury. Prevention during surgery is better, although there are no reports of repair in the THA setting. This condition should be considered in patients who present with progressive radioluceny of the lesser trochanter, especially in the setting of a hip/pelvic surgery. Awareness and earlier recognition of the signs and symptoms of this condition will aid in diagnosis and will direct appropriate management.

  17. Intralaryngeal neuroanatomy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve of the rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Stephen; McNicholas, Walter T; O'Regan, Ronan G; Nolan, Philip

    2003-05-01

    We undertook this study to determine the detailed neuroanatomy of the terminal branches of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in the rabbit to facilitate future neurophysiological recordings from identified branches of this nerve. The whole larynx was isolated post mortem in 17 adult New Zealand White rabbits and prepared using a modified Sihler's technique, which stains axons and renders other tissues transparent so that nerve branches can be seen in whole mount preparations. Of the 34 hemi-laryngeal preparations processed, 28 stained well and these were dissected and used to characterize the neuroanatomy of the RLN. In most cases (23/28) the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle (PCA) was supplied by a single branch arising from the RLN, though in five PCA specimens there were two or three separate branches to the PCA. The interarytenoid muscle (IA) was supplied by two parallel filaments arising from the main trunk of the RLN rostral to the branch(es) to the PCA. The lateral cricoarytenoid muscle (LCA) commonly received innervation from two fine twigs branching from the RLN main trunk and travelling laterally towards the LCA. The remaining fibres of the RLN innervated the thyroarytenoid muscle (TA) and comprised two distinct branches, one supplying the pars vocalis and the other branching extensively to supply the remainder of the TA. No communicating anastomosis between the RLN and superior laryngeal nerve within the larynx was found. Our results suggest it is feasible to make electrophysiological recordings from identified terminal branches of the RLN supplying laryngeal adductor muscles separate from the branch or branches to the PCA. However, the very small size of the motor nerves to the IA and LCA suggests that it would be very difficult to record selectively from the nerve supply to individual laryngeal adductor muscles.

  18. Intermuscular pressure between synergistic muscles correlates with muscle force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhardt, Lars; Siebert, Tobias; Leichsenring, Kay; Blickhan, Reinhard; Böl, Markus

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between muscle force generated during isometric contractions (i.e. at a constant muscle-tendon unit length) and the intermuscular (between adjacent muscles) pressure in synergistic muscles. Therefore, the pressure at the contact area of the gastrocnemius and plantaris muscle was measured synchronously to the force of the whole calf musculature in the rabbit species Oryctolagus cuniculus Similar results were obtained when using a conductive pressure sensor, or a fibre-optic pressure transducer connected to a water-filled balloon. Both methods revealed a strong linear relationship between force and pressure in the ascending limb of the force-length relationship. The shape of the measured force-time and pressure-time traces was almost identical for each contraction (r=0.97). Intermuscular pressure ranged between 100 and 700 mbar (70,000 Pa) for forces up to 287 N. These pressures are similar to previous (intramuscular) recordings within skeletal muscles of different vertebrate species. Furthermore, our results suggest that the rise in intermuscular pressure during contraction may reduce the force production in muscle packages (compartments).

  19. Susceptibility to cartap-induced lethal effect and diaphragmatic injury via ocular exposure in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Jiunn-Wang; Pang, Victor Fei; Jeng, Chian-Ren; Chang, Shao-Kuang; Hwang, Jenn-Sheng; Wang, Shun-Cheng

    2003-11-05

    Cartap is extensively used to control agricultural pests. Pertinent literatures have indicated that it causes no eye irritation [D.E. Ray, Insecticides derived from plants and other organisms, in: W.J. Hayes, E.R. Laws (Eds.), Handbook of Insecticide Toxicology, Classes of Insecticides, vol. 2, Academic Press, New York, 1991, p. 611; C. Tomlin, Cartap, in: C. Tomlin (Ed.), The Insecticide Manual, 12th ed., British Crop Protection Council, Surrey, UK, 2000, p. 144]; however, the instillation of a little cartap through the eye has caused death in rabbits. The aim of this study was to determine the ocular toxicity of cartap in New Zealand White rabbits. Cartap was directly instilled into the low conjunctival sac of eyes, at doses of 0, 5, 7.5, 10 and 12.5 mg/kg body weight. The changes in the enzymes and isoenzymes of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LD), as well as pathological changes in the muscles of the heart, thigh and diaphragm were determined in the cartap-treated rabbits. Moreover, the neuromuscular effect of cartap was examined using the isolated rabbit phrenic-nerve diaphragm model. The results indicated that rabbits developed severe signs and they died within 20 min of ocular instillation. The ocular LD50 of cartap was 8.1 mg/kg body weight. Treatment with cartap increased the activities of CK and LD enzymes and their isoenzymes, CK-1, CK-2, and CK-3 in serum, and CK-3 and LD-5 in the diaphragm. Microscopically, hypercontraction bands and the rupture of myofibers of the diaphragm were observed in dead rabbits. Cartap did not affect nerve-evoked twitch but induced irreversible contracture and twitch depression on the isolated rabbit's diaphragm. These results indicate that the rabbit is susceptible to cartap toxicity; the effect of cartap caused contracture and damage to the diaphragm might play a pivotal role in respiratory paralysis and death of rabbits during intoxication.

  20. Lumbar paraspinal muscle morphometry and its correlations with demographic and radiological factors in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis: a retrospective review of 120 surgically managed cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakar, Sumit; Sivaraju, Laxminadh; Aryan, Saritha; Mohan, Dilip; Sai Kiran, Narayanam Anantha; Hegde, Alangar S

    2016-05-01

    OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of lumbar paraspinal muscles in adults with isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS), to compare them with those in the normative population, and to evaluate their correlations with demographic factors and MRI changes in various spinal elements. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective study of patients who had undergone posterior lumbar interbody fusion for IS, and 2 of the authors acting as independent observers calculated the CSAs of various lumbar paraspinal muscles (psoas, erector spinae [ES], multifidus [MF]) on preoperative axial T2-weighted MR images from the L-3 to L-5 vertebral levels and computed the CSAs as ratios with respect to the corresponding vertebral body areas. These values were then compared with those in an age- and sex-matched normative population and were analyzed with respect to age, sex, duration of symptoms, grade of listhesis, and various MRI changes at the level of the listhesis (pedicle signal change, disc degeneration, and facetal arthropathy). RESULTS Compared with values in normative controls, the mean CSA value for the ES muscle was significantly higher in the study cohort of 120 patients (p = 0.002), whereas that for the MF muscle was significantly lower (p = 0.009), and more so in the patients with PSC (p = 0.002). Magnetic resonance imaging signal change in the pedicle was seen in half of the patients, all of whom demonstrated a Type 2 change. Of the variables tested in a multivariate analysis, age independently predicted lower area values for all 3 muscles (p ≤ 0.001), whereas female sex predicted a lower mean psoas area value (p < 0.001). None of the other variables significantly predicted any of the muscle area values. A decrease in the mean MF muscle area value alone was associated with a significantly increased likelihood of a PSC (p = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS Compared with normative controls, patients with IS suffer selective atrophy of their MF

  1. 右美托咪定对家兔结肠平滑肌自发收缩功能的影响:离体实验%Effect of dexmedetomidine on spontaneous contraction of colon smooth muscles of rabbits in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申军梅; 苗穗兵; 李旭懿; 崔芳华; 李煜; 李楠; 刘宸光; 靳睿哲; 关玥

    2016-01-01

    能,机制可能与激活一氧化氮途径、抑制外钙内流和内钙释放有关.%Objective To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on the spontaneous contraction of colon smooth muscles of rabbits.Methods Healthy rabbits of both sexes,aged 2-3 months,weighing 1.8-2.3 kg,were sacrificed to prepare colon smooth muscle specimens which were incubated with the K-H solution.Treatment with drugs was performed after incubation was stable (baseline).Experiment Ⅰ Six colon segments were selected,and dexmedetomidine was accumulatively added to the K-H solution with the final conccntrations of 1,10,20,40,60 80 and 100 nmol/L in sequence.Experiment Ⅱ Six colon segments were selected,dexmedetomidine was added to the K-H solution (final concentration 60 nmol/L),and the colon segments were incubated for 3 min followed by washout,NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (final concentration 100 mmol/L) was then added to the K-H solution,the colon segments were then incubated for 10 min,and then dexmedetomidine (final concentration 60 nmol/L) was added again.Experiment Ⅲ Twelve colon segments were randomly divided into 2 groups (n =6 each) using a random number table:CaCl2 group and dexmedetomidine+ CaCl2 group.The culture medium was replaced with calciumfree K-H solution,and 5 min later CaCl2 (final concentration 1.8 mol/L) was added in CaCl2 group.The culture medium was replaced with calcium-free K-H solution,the colon segments were incubated for 5 min,dexmedetomidine (final concentration 60 nmol/L) was added,the colon segments were then incubated for 10 min,and then CaCl2 (final concentration 1.8 mol/L) was added in dexmedetomidine+ CaCl2 group.Experiment Ⅳ Twelve colon segments were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=6 each) using a random number table:ryanodine group and dexmedetomidine+ryanodine group.The culture medium was replaced with calcium-free K-H solution,the colon segments were incubated for 5 min,and then ryanodine (final concentration 0.2 mmol/L) was added

  2. Iliopsoas impingement after revision total hip arthroplasty treated with iliopsoas muscle transection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morohashi, Itaru; Homma, Yasuhiro; Kanda, Akio; Yamamoto, Yasuhiro; Obata, Hiroyuki; Mogami, Atsuhiko; Obayashi, Osamu; Kaneko, Kazuo

    2016-05-01

    Iliopsoas tendinitis after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is rare and its etiology and optimal treatment are still unclear. We report a case of iliopsoas impingement after revision THA with a Kerboull acetabular reinforcement device requiring two-level iliopsoas muscle transection. A 70-year-old woman presented to our hospital complaining of debilitating right groin pain after revision THA with a Kerboull reinforcement device. She had undergone multiple hip operations after experiencing a pelvic fracture in a motor vehicle accident. A lidocaine nerve block at the level of the Kerboull device resulted in temporary but marked reduction in pain and a diagnosis of psoas impingent. We performed surgery via an anterior approach to release the iliopsoas muscle from the lesser trochanter. After iliopsoas tenotomy was performed, the muscle was still under high tension because of dense adhesions. Repeat transection of the iliopsoas muscle at the level of the anterior branch of the Kerboull device resulted in loosening of the iliopsoas muscle and resolution of impingement. Postoperatively, the patient's groin pain completely disappeared, and she can now walk with a single cane and is satisfied with her result. Adhesions around the iliopsoas muscle likely contributed to the patient's groin pain. Open surgery to perform complete release of iliopsoas muscle impingement should be considered in patients with pain after revision THA. We reported a patient with Iliopsoas tendinitis after revision THA requiring two-level iliopsoas muscle transection.

  3. The White Rabbit Project

    CERN Document Server

    Serrano, J; Cattin, M; Garcia Cota, E; Lewis, J; Moreira, P; Wlostowski, T; Gaderer, G; Loschmidt, P; Dedic, J; Bär, R; Fleck, T; Kreider, M; Prados, C; Rauch, S

    2009-01-01

    Reliable, fast and deterministic transmission of control information in a network is a need formany distributed systems. One example is timing systems, where a reference frequency is used to accurately schedule time-critical messages. TheWhite Rabbit (WR) project is a multi-laboratory and multi-company effort to bring together the best of the data transfer and timing worlds in a completely open design. It takes advantage of the latest developments for improving timing over Ethernet, such as IEEE 1588 (Precision Time Protocol) and Synchronous Ethernet. The presented approach aims for a general purpose, fieldbus-like transmission system, which provides deterministic data and timing (sub-ns accuracy and ps jitter) to around 1000 stations. It automatically compensates for fiber lengths in the order of 10 km. This paper describes the WR design goals and the specification used for the project. It goes on to describe the central component of the WR system structure - the WR switch - with theoretical considerations a...

  4. Hip flexor muscle size, strength and recruitment pattern in patients with acetabular labral tears compared to healthy controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendis, M Dilani; Wilson, Stephen J; Hayes, David A; Watts, Mark C; Hides, Julie A

    2014-10-01

    Acetabular labral tears are a source of hip pain and are considered to be a precursor to hip osteoarthritis. Hip flexor muscles contribute to hip joint stability and function but it is unknown if their size and function is altered in the presence of labral pathology. This study aimed to investigate hip flexor muscle size, strength and recruitment pattern in patients with hip labral pathology compared to control subjects. 12 subjects diagnosed with an unilateral acetabular labral tear were compared to 12 control subjects matched for age and gender. All subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of their lumbo-pelvic region. Average muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) of the iliacus, psoas, iliopsoas, sartorius, tensor fascia latae and rectus femoris muscles were measured. Hip flexion strength was measured by an externally fixed dynamometer. Individual muscle recruitment pattern during a resisted hip flexion exercise task was measured by muscle functional MRI. Hip flexor muscle strength was found to be decreased in patients with labral pathology compared to control subjects (p muscle size (all p > 0.17) and recruitment pattern (all p > 0.53). Decreased hip flexor muscle strength may affect physical function in patients with hip labral pathology by contributing to altered gait patterns and functional tasks. Clinical rehabilitation of these patients may need to include strengthening exercises for the hip flexor muscles. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Effects of Four Interior-warming Drugs on the Tension of Ileum Smooth Muscle and Ca2+-ATPase in Rabbits%4种温里药对兔回肠平滑肌张力及Ca2+-ATP 酶的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄庆芳; 陈艳芬; 杨全; 杨超燕; 唐春萍; 明露; 黎洁玲; 陶曙红

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of four interior-warming drugs( galangal,cinnamon,evodia rutaecarpa,and dried ginger)on the tension of ileum smooth muscle and Ca2+-ATPase on the cell membrane in rabbits. Methods The effects of galangal,cinnamon,evodia rutaecarpa,and dried ginger were examined on normal ileum smooth muscle,in vitro intestinal muscle contraction caused by acetylcholine(ACh),barium chloride(BaCl2 )and histamine(His), and ACh-induced calcium release by using BL-420E+ biological signal collection and processing system.The average tension was measured within 1 min before delivery and within 3 minutes after the treatment,and the inhibition rate was calculated according to the average tension value.The effects of sera containing galangal,cinnamon,evodia rutaecarpa,and dried ginger on Ca2+-ATPase activity on the cell membrane of the intestinal smooth muscle were examined by phosphorus method. Results Galangal,cinnamon,evodia rutaecarpa,and dried ginger at high concentrations could restrain in vitro intestinal contraction in normal circumstances(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Significant inhibitory effects on intestinal contraction caused by ACh,His and BaCl2 were found in low,medium and high concentration groups(P<0.01).There was a dose-effectiveness relationship between the inhibition rate and final drug concentrations.The ACh-induced intracellular and extracellular calcium dependent contraction were significantly inhibited by the four interior-warming drugs( P < 0. 05 or P < 0. 01). The Ca2+-ATPase activities were( 0. 384 ± 0.070),(0.302±0.016),(0.307±0.016),(0.296±0.016),(0.313±0.003)U·mg-1 ,respectively,in intestinal smooth muscle in normal control group and high concentration groups of galangal,cinnamon,evodia rutaecarpa,and dried ginger(P<0.01). Conclusion Interior-warming drugs may relax intestinal smooth muscle by reducing the intracellular calcium release and the extracellular calcium inflow via receptor-controlled calcium channels,and inhibiting the

  6. Changes following denervation to the masseter muscle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Zhang

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Masseter muscle nerve is often injured in mandible osteotomy. What changes in food intake and masseter muscle will be brought after masseter muscle nerve injury?OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to selectively establish animal models of denervated masseter muscle and investigate the effects of severing masseter muscular nerve on masseter muscle and animal's food intake. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A randomized controlled animal experiment was performed at the Laboratory Animal Center, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from September to November 2005. MATERIALS: A total of 50 healthy, adult, SPF-grade, New Zealand rabbits, of both genders, were used to develop an animal model of selectively denervated masseter muscle.METHODS: Five rabbits were randomly selected as normal controls. According to various mutilation methods, the remaining animals were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups, with 15 rabbits in each group: masseter muscular neural stem denervated, masseter muscular neural superior branch-denervated, and masseter muscular neural inferior branch-denervated groups. Self-control comparison was performed on each animal. The right masseter muscle served as the experimental side, and the left masseter muscle served as the control side. In each group, 3 time points (2, 8, and 24 weeks post-surgery) were allotted for observation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: At the pre-set time points, masseter muscular thickness was measured with a Logic 500 color Doppler ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus. Masseter muscle tissue was resected for hematoxylin eosin staining. Masseter muscular fiber diameter and area were measured with an optical microscope. Masseter muscle tissue was sectioned and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide tetrazolium oxidoreductase (NADH-TR) and adenosine triphosphatase staining were performed. Following staining, the sections were quantitatively analyzed using an IBAS200 image analyzer.RESULTS: Post-surgery food intake: No abnormal

  7. Histological and enzymohistochemical observation of experimental muscle sprain%实验性肌肉拉伤的组织学和酶组织化学观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Method We used biomechanical methods in controlling strain of anterior tibial muscles of rabbits .Objective To observe the histological and enzymohistochemical change after sprain.Result Experimental model of muscle sprain could be made with yield load which was about 128% of the body weight extracting anterior tibial muscle of the rabbits.Some of the muscle fibers broke near the junction between muscle and the tendon. Conclusion Fibrosis of endomysium and scar formation at the injury might be an important cause of frequent recurrence of muscle sprain.

  8. 重组人促红细胞生成素后处理对兔缺血/再灌注骨骼肌细胞凋亡及超微结构的影响%Effects of recombinant human erythropoietinpostconditioning on apoptosis and ultrastructure fromischemia/reperfusion injury in rabbits skeletal muscle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张谦; 耿喜林; 杨同群; 李惠萍; 康迎新

    2011-01-01

    Objective To observe the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) postconditioning on apoptosis and ultrastructure from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rabbitsskeletal muscle.Methods 24 adult rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups, namely, blankcontrol group, I/R group and rhEPO postconditioning group (5000 IU/kg).With 25% utethane (4 mL/kg) ear vein injection of anesthesia, I/R models of the left hind limbs of rabbitswere set up in I/R group and rhEPO postconditioning group.After 4 hours the arteries wereopened and the blood flow perfusion was restored, after 12 hours the gastrocnemius samples weretaken out to detect apoptosis in three groups by using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferasemediated deoxy-uridine triphosphate nick end labeling and to make light and electronic microscopic observation.Results Compared with I/R group, the apoptosis of rhEPO postconditioning group reduced significantly (P <0.05), skeletal muscle injury were seen in both I/R group andrhEPO postconditioning group under light and electronic microscope, but the damage in rhEPO postconditioning group was significantly lighter than that in I/R group.Conclusion rhEPO postconditioning can reduce apoptosis of skeletal muscle cell and improve I/R injury.%目的 探讨重组人促红细胞生成素(rhEPO)后处理对家兔缺血/再灌注(I/R)骨骼肌细胞凋亡及超微结构的影响.方法 将24只成年家兔随机分为对照组、I/R组和rhEPO后处理组(5000 IU/kg),采用25%的乌拉坦4 mL/kg耳缘静脉注射麻醉,在I/R组、rhEPO后处理组建立兔左后肢腓肠肌I/R实验模型,4h后松开动脉夹,恢复血流灌注,12 h后切取腓肠肌标本,采用原位末端标记法检测3组细胞凋亡指数,对I/R早期骨骼肌病理标本进行光镜及电镜观察.结果 rhEPO后处理组细胞凋亡较I/R组明显减少,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);电镜及光镜下腓肠肌组织病理改变显示,rhEPO后处理组病变程

  9. Primary skeletal muscle lymphoma presenting as refractory cellulitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baddour, L M; Haden, K H; Allen, J W

    2001-09-01

    The right torso of a 55-year-old woman showed diffuse skin and soft-tissue changes suggestive of cellulitis. However, several clinical and radiologic features, including the subacute and non-toxic nature of the illness and the patient's lack of response to antibiotic therapy, indicated a noninfectious etiology. Malignancy was suggested by striking changes seen on computed tomographic scanning--including extensive infiltration and enlargement of the musculature of the right shoulder girdle, the intercostal musculature, the latissimus dorsi, and the rhomboids; focal enlargement of the right paraspinal muscles; and enlargement of the psoas and the iliacus muscles and of the musculature around the hip joint. The mediastinal, hilar, and paraaortic regions showed no adenopathy. A large hypodense lesion of approximately 4.5 cm, which was seen in the caudate lobe of the liver, raised the concern of a metastatic focus of malignancy. Because of these findings, an immediate muscle biopsy was performed. Results showed a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with a B-cell phenotype. Although primary skeletal muscle lymphoma is very uncommon in patients without human immunodeficiency virus infection, clinical presentation of refractory cellulitis, as seen in the current case, is extremely rare.

  10. Effect of divergent selection for intramuscular fat on sensory traits and instrumental texture in rabbit meat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Álvaroi, M; Penalba, V; Blasco, A; Hernández, P

    2016-12-01

    Intramuscular fat (IMF) is one of the main parameters affecting meat quality. This work analyzes the effect of selection for IMF on sensory attributes and instrumental texture parameters in rabbit meat. A total of 115 rabbits after 6 generations of divergent selection for IMF were slaughtered at 9 or 13 wk (57 and 58 animals, respectively). For each animal, the left longissimus dorsi muscle (LD) was analyzed by near-infrared spectroscopy to measure IMF whereas the right LD was used for the sensory or instrumental texture analysis. Sensory attributes measured were rabbit odor, liver odor, rabbit flavor, liver flavor, aniseed flavor, hardness, juiciness, and fibrousness. The instrumental texture parameters maximum shear force, shear firmness, and total work to cut the sample were measured by a Warner-Bratzler shear test. The line selected for high IMF showed 58% greater IMF than the line selected for low IMF. This divergence affected firmness that was 9.9% greater in the low-IMF line, although no effect was found for the other instrumental texture traits. No effect of selection was observed in any odor or flavor, except for aniseed flavor, which was greater in the high-IMF line than in the low-IMF line. Age had an effect on IMF, instrumental texture parameters, and sensory attributes. Rabbits at 13 wk showed greater IMF and instrumental and sensory hardness and more intense odor and flavor and lower juiciness than rabbits at 9 wk.

  11. Inducement of tissue regeneration of harvested hamstring tendons in a rabbit model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soejima, T.; Murakami, H.; Noguchi, K.; Shiba, N.; Nagata, K.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The objective of this study was to determine if the use of fascia lata as a tendon regeneration guide (placed into the tendon canal following harvesting the semitendinosus tendon) would improve the incidence of tissue regeneration and prevent fatty degeneration of the semitendinosus muscle. Materials and Methods Bilateral semitendinosus tendons were harvested from rabbits using a tendon stripper. On the inducing graft (IG) side, the tendon canal and semitendinosus tibial attachment site were connected by the fascia lata, which was harvested at the same width as the semitendinosus tendon. On the control side, no special procedures were performed. Two groups of six rabbits were killed at post-operative weeks 4 and 8, respectively. In addition, three healthy rabbits were killed to obtain normal tissue. We evaluated the incidence of tendon tissue regeneration, cross-sectional area of the regenerated tendon tissue and proportion of fatty tissue in the semitendinosus muscle. Results At post-operative week 8, the distal end of the regenerated tissue reached the vicinity of the tibial insertion on the control side in two of six specimens. On the IG side, the regenerated tissue maintained continuity with the tibial insertion in all specimens. The cross-sectional area of the IG side was significantly greater than that of the control side. The proportion of fatty tissue in the semitendinosus muscle on the IG side was comparable with that of the control side, but was significantly greater than that of the normal muscle. Conclusions Tendon tissue regenerated with the fascia lata graft was thicker than naturally occurring regenerated tissue. However, the proportion of fatty tissue in the semitendinosus muscle was greater than that of normal muscle. Cite this article: K. Tabuchi, T. Soejima, H. Murakami, K. Noguchi, N. Shiba, K. Nagata. Inducement of tissue regeneration of harvested hamstring tendons in a rabbit model. Bone Joint Res 2016;5:247–252. DOI: 10

  12. Variation in palatability and biochemical traits within and among eleven beef muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, M S; Wheeler, T L; Shackelford, S D; Koohmaraie, M

    2004-02-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the extent of variation in, and relationships among, biochemical and palatability traits within and among 11 major beef muscles. Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LD), psoas major (PM), gluteus medius (GM), semimembranosus (SM), adductor (AD), biceps femoris (BF), semitendinosus (ST), rectus femoris (RF), triceps brachii (TB), infraspinatus (IS), and supraspinatus (SS) from one side of 31 Charolais x MARC III steer carcasses were vacuum-packaged, stored at 2 degrees C until 14 d postmortem, and then frozen at -30 degrees C. The 2.54-cm-thick steaks were obtained from two or three locations within muscles in order to assess biochemical traits and Warner-Bratzler shear force, and from near the center for sensory trait evaluation. The PM was most tender and was followed by IS in both shear force and tenderness rating (P muscles were not ranked the same by shear force and tenderness rating. The BF had the lowest (P muscle) than muscles from the chuck and round (5.9 to 9.0 mg/g), except for the AD (4.9 mg/g). Desmin proteolysis was highest (P 2.1 microm), whereas the GM had the shortest (P muscles, tenderness rating was highly correlated (r > 0.60) with shear force, connective tissue rating, sarcomere length, and collagen content. Within a muscle, correlations among all traits were generally highest in LD and lowest in AD. Within muscle, location effects were detected (P muscles except SS and AD). There is a large amount of variation within and among muscles for tenderness traits and tenderness-related biochemical traits. These results increase our understanding of the sources of variation in tenderness in different muscles and provide a basis for the development of muscle-specific strategies for improving the quality and value of muscles.

  13. MRI of lumbar trunk muscles in patients with Parkinson's disease and camptocormia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margraf, N G; Rohr, A; Granert, O; Hampel, J; Drews, A; Deuschl, G

    2015-07-01

    Camptocormia in Parkinson's disease (PD) is an axial postural disorder usually accompanied by histopathological changes in the paravertebral muscles of unknown etiology. The diagnostic potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of back muscles in camptocormia has not been systematically assessed. Our objective was to characterize pathological muscle changes with MRI and to develop radiological criteria for camptocormia. The criteria edema, swelling and fatty degeneration in 20 idiopathic PD patients with camptocormia were assessed using MRI (T1w and short tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences) of the lumbar trunk muscles and compared with 20 group-matched PD patients without camptocormia. Edema and fatty degeneration of the paravertebral muscles were significantly more frequent in camptocormia. Edema correlated negatively and fatty degeneration positively with the duration of camptocormia and not PD. Swelling of the paravertebral muscles, edema and swelling of the quadratus lumborum muscle and rare edema of the psoas muscle were only found in camptocormia patients. In this case-control study the defined MRI criteria distinguish the group of PD patients with camptocormia versus those without. Our findings suggest dynamic changes in the MRI signals over time in the paravertebral muscles: edema and swelling are found initially, followed by fatty atrophic degeneration 2-3 years after the beginning of camptocormia. Muscle MRI qualifies as a tool for categorizing phases of camptocormia as acute or chronic, with potential consequences for therapeutic approaches. The involvement of muscles beyond an isolated impairment of the paravertebral muscles implies a more systemic view with a deregulation of lumbar trunk muscles.

  14. Teratology studies in the rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allais, Linda; Reynaud, Lucie

    2013-01-01

    The rabbit is generally the non-rodent species or second species after the rat recommended by the regulatory authorities and is part of the package of regulatory reproductive studies for the detection of potential embryotoxic and/or teratogenic effects of pharmaceuticals, chemicals, food additives, and other compounds, including vaccines (see Chapters 1-7).Its availability, practicality in housing and in mating as well as its large size makes the rabbit the preferred choice as a non-rodent species. The study protocols are essentially similar to those established for the rat (Chapter 9), with some particularities. The study designs are well defined in guidelines and are relatively standardized between testing laboratories across the world.As for the rat, large litter sizes and extensive background data in the rabbit are valuable criteria for an optimal assessment of in utero development of the embryo or fetus and for the detection of potential external or internal fetal malformations.

  15. 油菜籽粕生物碱对家兔离体肠平滑肌收缩功能的影响及机制%Effect of rapeseed meal al kaloid on the contractility of isolated ileum smooth muscle of rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘世超; 秦海宏; 卢轩; 冯宝民; 郑学仿; 王惠国

    2014-01-01

    Abtsract:Objective To observe the effect of rapeseed meal alkaloid on the contractility of isolated ileum smooth muscle of rabbits .Methods Fifteen fasted twenty four hours rabits executed by knock on the head , slited abdomen quickly and separated isolated ileum smooth muscle , the top of isolated ileum smooth muscle connected with tonotransducer and the bottom fasten on the metal hook , adjust the load at2.0 g, steady peristalsis in 30 min.To filtrate thirteen steady frequency and tension ileum in thirteen bath , add rapeseed meal alkaloid 0、0.5、1、2、4、6、8、10、20、40、60、80、100μg/μL with them separately ,each dose volume is 5μL, 0μg/μL rapeseed meal alkaloid as the blank control , recorded and analyzed peristal-tic waves with Medlab -U/4C501H biological function experimental system , measured after treated frequency by cycle measurement and after treated tension by interval measurement .The muscle strips were incubated with M receptor blocker (atropine)to observe the effects of rapeseed meal alkaloid contractile activity in the presence of atropine .Results 0、0.5、1、2、4、6、8、10、20、40、60、80、100 μg/μL rapeseed meal alkaloid had no obvious effect on the contraction frequency of isola -ted ileum smooth muscle strips .The 6-60μg/μL of rapeseed meal alkaloid compared with the blank control can obviously increase the tension of muscle strips(P<0.05), the contractile activity increased with the dose (from 0.5 μg/μL to 40μg/μL).M receptor blocker(atropine) can inhibit the contraction effect caused by rapeseed meal alkaloid but the effect is incomplete .Conclusions Rapeseed meal alkaloi has excitatory effect on the contraction effect of isolated ileum smooth mus -cle and the effect was related with the M receptor excitement .%目的:观察油菜籽粕生物碱对家兔离体肠平滑肌收缩功能的影响。方法取禁食24 h家兔15只,槌击后枕部致死,迅速剖开腹腔,制备离体肠管,肠管上

  16. [Review] Mary Toft's Rabbit Tale

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Emrys

    2013-01-01

    Originally broadcast in April 2011 and aired again by BBC Radio 4 this November, Mary Toft’s Rabbit Tale is a radio drama retelling the story of its titular fraudster’s brief notoriety. With a high-profile cast – including singer Will Young as Toft’s husband and Rupert Graves as man-midwife, John Howard – the play explores a number of issues related to the alleged rabbit births of 1726 and their impact on public discourse of the time.

  17. Elderly oarsmen have larger trunk and thigh muscles and greater strength than age-matched untrained men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asaka, Meiko; Usui, Chiyoko; Ohta, Megumi; Takai, Yohei; Fukunaga, Tetsuo; Higuchi, Mitsuru

    2010-04-01

    To evaluate whether regularly performed rowing exercise affects the trunk muscles size and function, and to examine the effect of rowing exercise on thigh muscle size and function in elderly rowers, we compared the cross-sectional area (CSA) and strength of these muscles in elderly male rowers and in age-matched untrained men. Participants were 16 elderly rowing-trained men (ROW age, 67.8 +/- 2.3 years) and 18 elderly untrained men (CON 66.2 +/- 3.0 years). CSA was measured by MRI in the trunk and thigh muscles. Isometric trunk flexion force and leg extension power were measured. ROW had a 20% larger total trunk muscle CSA than CON (P muscles did not differ significantly between CON and ROW. In ROW, the CSA was 13% larger in the total thigh muscles (P leg extension power was 43% higher than in CON (P muscles, especially psoas major and that it improves thigh muscle size and function in elderly men.

  18. Biomechanics of sclera crosslinked using genipin in rabbit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tai-Xiang Liu

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To strengthen the biomechanics of collagen by crosslinking rabbit scleral collagen with genipin to develop a new therapy for preventing myopic progression. METHODS: Ten New Zealand rabbits were treated with 0.5 mmol/L genipin injected into the sub-Tenon’s capsule in the right eyes. Untreated contralateral eyes served as the control. The treated area was cut into scleral strips measuring 4.0 mm×10.0 mm for stress-strain measurements (n=5. The remaining five treated eyes were prepared for histological examination. RESULTS: Compared to the untreated scleral strips, the genipin-crosslinked scleral strips showed that the ultimate stress and Young’s modulus at 10% strain were increased by the amplitude of 130% and 303% respectively, ultimate strain was decreased by 24%. There had no (-smooth muscle actin ((-SMA positive cells in control and treated sclera. Histologically, there was no sign of apoptosis in the sclera, choroid, and retina; and no side effects were found in the peripheral cornea and optic nerve adjacent to the treatment area. CONCLUSION: Genipin induced crosslinking of collagen can increase its biomechanical behavior by direct strengthening of the extracellular matrix in rabbit sclera, with no (-SMA expression seen in the myofibroblasts. As there is no evidence of cytotoxicity in the scleral, choroidal, and retinal cells, genipin is likely a promising agent to strengthen the weakened sclera to prevent myopic progression.

  19. Estudo sobre a aplicabilidade de adesivos biológicos à reinserção de músculo ocular externo em coelhos - I Experimento I - Medidas dos tempos dos procedimentos, das forças de adesão mioescleral e estudos clínico e histopatológico A study of the applicability of biological adhesives to the reinsertion of an external ocular muscle in rabbits - I Experiment I - Measurements of duration of procedures, and clinical and histopathologic studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Simões Corrêa

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir o tempo da operação, as forças de adesão tecidual e fazer estudo clínico e histopatológico de reinserções oculares de retos superiores de coelho com quatro diferentes adesivos teciduais, como alternativa à utilização de sutura de poliglactina em operações de estrabismo. MÉTODOS: Cem coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram distribuídos em dois experimentos, I-A e I-B, de cinqüenta coelhos cada, e estes em cinco grupos de dez coelhos (vinte olhos, submetidos à operação de desinserção do músculo reto superior de ambos os olhos, e reinserção com sutura (controle com poliglactina 910, 6-0 ou adesivos teciduais, de fibrina, cianoacrilato, albumina-glutaraldeído e gelatina-resorcinol-formaldeído-glutaraldeído. Os coelhos do experimento I-A foram submetidos à dinamometria nos dez minutos após o reposicionamento muscular. Os coelhos do experimento I-B foram submetidos à avaliação clínica e histopatológica. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se melhor desempenho dos adesivos teciduais no tempo gasto para realizar a operação. Quanto à força de adesão, nenhum dos adesivos apresentou 100% de casos com resistência à tensão igual ou maior que 100 gf. Com relação às avaliações clínica e histopatológica, quanto à presença dos sinais inflamatórios e suas intensidades o adesivo fibrínico utilizado neste trabalho apresentou melhor desempenho do que a sutura de poliglactina 910, tendo os demais adesivos apresentado resultados piores, quando comparados aos do grupo controle (sutura. CONCLUSÃO: Os adesivos estudados mostraram-se inadequados para as operações de estrabismo.PURPOSE: To measure the duration of the operation, the strength of tissue adhesion, and to perform a clinical and histopathological study of ocular reinsertion of superior rectus muscles of rabbits with four different tissue adhesives, as an alternative to the use of polyglactin suture in strabismus surgeries. METHODS: One hundred New Zealand

  20. Antiretroviral initiation is associated with increased skeletal muscle area and fat content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erlandson, Kristine M; Fiorillo, Suzanne; Masawi, Fadzai; Scherzinger, Ann; McComsey, Grace A; Lake, Jordan E; Stein, James H; Currier, Judith S; Brown, Todd T

    2017-08-24

    A greater burden of physical function impairment occurs in HIV-infected adults; the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation on muscle density (less dense = more fat), a measure of muscle quality, is unknown. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study A5260s, a cardiometabolic substudy of A5257, randomized HIV-infected, ART-naive adults to ritonavir-boosted atazanavir, darunavir, or raltegravir with tenofovir/emtricitabine backbone. Single-slice abdominal computed tomography scans from baseline and week 96 were reanalyzed for total and lean muscle area and density. Two-sample t-tests described the differences between baseline and week 96 variables. Linear regression analysis was used to explore the role of a priori identified variables and potential confounders. Participants (n = 235) were mostly men (90%); 31% were Black non-Hispanic; 21% were Hispanic. Over 96 weeks, small but significant increases were seen in oblique/transverse abdominal, rectus, and psoas muscle total area (range 0.21-0.83 cm; P muscle component (all P ≥ 0.33). Significant decreases in overall density, consistent with increases in fat, were seen in all muscle groups (range -0.87 to -2.4 HU; P muscle component, only decreases in oblique/transverse abdominal and rectus reached statistical significance (P increased muscle density and female sex with decreased density; treatment arm was not associated with changes in mass or density. The ART-associated increase in muscle area, regardless of regimen, is likely a reflection of increased fat within the muscle. The consequences of fatty infiltration of muscle on subsequent muscle function require further investigation.

  1. Muscle biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Inflammatory diseases of muscle (such as polymyositis or dermatomyositis ) Diseases of the connective tissue and blood vessels ( ... disease that involves inflammation and a skin rash ( dermatomyositis ) Inherited muscle disorder ( Duchenne muscular dystrophy ) Inflammation of ...

  2. Muscle atrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... atrophy. Exercises may include ones done in a swimming pool to reduce the muscle workload, and other types ... a physical examination and ask about your medical history and symptoms, including: When did the muscle atrophy ...

  3. Rabbit supraspinatus motor endplates are unaffected by a rotator cuff tear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayton, J Christopher; Rubino, L Joseph; Rich, Mark M; Stouffer, Mark H; Wang, Qingbo; Boivin, Gregory P

    2013-01-01

    Rotator cuff tears are a major cause of morbidity. Following rotator cuff tears, muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration begin in the tissue, limiting repair potential and leading to a higher re-tear rate and a worse functional outcome. We evaluated whether fatty degeneration resulting from a complete supraspinatus tear with retraction is associated with an injury to the suprascapular nerve. Four skeletally mature New Zealand white rabbits were randomized to receive an index procedure on either their right or left shoulder with the opposite shoulder serving as a control. At the index procedure, the supraspinatus tendon was transected at its insertion and allowed to retract. At 3 months, the rabbits were euthanized, and both supraspinatus muscles were harvested. The specimens were then examined with confocal microscopy and histology. Atrophy was grossly visible in all four test muscles, and fatty infiltration was confirmed with osmium tetroxide staining. In all four rabbits, the degree of denervation (p = 0.71) and partial denervation (p = 0.91) was not significantly different between control and experimental muscle. Rotator cuff tear does not affect the motor endplate or innervation status of the supraspinatus. Fatty infiltration occurs independent of denervation of the supraspinatus. Copyright © 2012 Orthopaedic Research Society.

  4. Evaluation of arterial impairment after experimental gelatin sponge embolization in a rabbit renal model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Jung Suk; Lee, Hae Gi; Chun, Ho Jong; Choi, Byung Gil; Choi, Yeong Jin [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-02-15

    Arterial stenosis is a major obstacle for subsequent interventional procedures. We hypothesized that the stenosis is caused by gelatin sponge embolization and performed an experimental study in a rabbit renal model. A total of 24 rabbits were embolized with porcine gelatin sponge particles injected into the renal arteries. Four rabbits were sacrificed on 1 day, 4 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks, and 4 weeks after embolization. Microscopic evaluations were performed on hematoxylin-eosin and smooth muscle actin immunohistochemical stained sections. Gelatin sponge particles were mainly observed in the segmental and interlobar arteries. Transmural inflammation of the embolized arterial wall and mild thickening of the media were observed 1 week after embolization. Resorption of the gelatin sponge and organization of thrombus accompanied by foreign body reactions, were observed from 2 to 4 weeks after embolization. Microscopic images of the 3 weeks group showed vessel lumens filled mostly with organized thrombi, resulting in severe stenosis. Additionally, vessels showed a thickened intima that contained migrating smooth muscle cells and accompanying interruption of the internal elastic lamina. The migrating smooth muscle cells were distributed around the recanalized arterial lumen. Gelatin sponge embolization may induce arterial stenosis by causing organized thrombus and intimal hyperplasia, which consists of migrating smooth muscle cells and intimal collagen deposits.

  5. Your Muscles

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... develops. There they help to push the baby out of the mother's body when it's time to be born. You'll find smooth muscles at work behind the scenes in your eyes, too. These muscles keep the eyes ... thick muscles of the heart contract to pump blood out and then relax to let blood back in ...

  6. Modeling Muscles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwyn, Lauren; Salm, Sarah

    2007-01-01

    Teaching the anatomy of the muscle system to high school students can be challenging. Students often learn about muscle anatomy by memorizing information from textbooks or by observing plastic, inflexible models. Although these mediums help students learn about muscle placement, the mediums do not facilitate understanding regarding integration of…

  7. Microbiological quality of rabbit meat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Calleja, Jose M; Santos, Jesús A; Otero, Andrés; García-López, María-Luisa

    2004-05-01

    World rabbit meat production is estimated to be over 1 million tons, and Spain is the third largest producer. Although rabbit meat is marketed and consumed worldwide, information on microbiological quality is very scarce. Here, we report indicator organisms, spoilage flora, sensory quality, and some physicochemical traits of 24 h postmortem chilled rabbit carcasses and prepackaged rabbit meat stored chilled in air for 0 to 3 days at the retail level. The mean total bacterial count (4.01 +/- 0.48 log CFU/g) for carcasses dressed at a small abattoir by a manual process was significantly lower (P Pseudomonas, lactic acid bacteria, and yeasts. These microorganisms and Brochothrix thermosphacta were dominant on carcasses from the large abattoir. On prepacked hind legs (pH 6.26 +/- 0.18) stored at -1 to +1 degree C (supermarket 1), mean aerobic mesophilic count was 5.87 +/- 1.03 log CFU/g, and the major microbial groups were Pseudomonas, yeasts, lactic acid bacteria, and B. thermosphacta. On prepacked whole carcasses (pH 6.37 +/- 0.18) displayed at -1 to +5 degrees C (supermarket 2), mean aerobic mesophilic count was 6.60 +/- 1.18 and the same microbial groups were dominant. Relative Escherichia coli incidence was supermarket 2 > large abattoir > supermarket 1 > small abattoir. Overall, low numbers of coliforms, Enterobacteriaceae, psychrotrophic clostridia, coagulase-positive staphylococci, and molds were found. Sensory scores, pH values, and L-lactic acid content differentiated fresh carcasses from retail samples. Data obtained suggest that the microflora of chilled rabbit meat are different from those found on the meat of other animals.

  8. RPR test for serological survey of rabbit syphilis in companion rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Kumiko; Tagawa, Masayo; Hasegawa, Atsuhiko

    2003-07-01

    Since the RPR (rapid plasma regain) test was found to be useful for the diagnosis of rabbit syphilis, serological survey by this test has been carried out in Japanese companion rabbits. A hundred virgin household rabbits kept alone and without signs and history of syphilis were examined by RPR test from April 2001 to March 2002, in Tokyo, Japan. The test was positive in 35 cases and negative in 65 cases. RPR negative rabbits should be selected for breeding to prevent the spread of rabbit syphilis in companion rabbits in Japan.

  9. Histopathological alterations after a growth promoter boldenone injection in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tousson, Ehab

    2016-02-01

    Boldenone (BOL) is a derivative of the testosterone that has dual effects on humans, both directly and indirectly; directly as injection to build muscles and indirectly as through consuming meat of animals that where treated with BOL. However, the action of these steroids on different body organs structures is still unclear; therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the intramuscular injection of BOL undecylenate on the different organ structures. A total of 10 adult New Zealand rabbits were divided into two main groups, the first group was the control group, which includes animals that were injected intramuscularly with olive oil and the second group included animals that received two intramuscular injections of 5 mg/kg body weight BOL dissected after 6 weeks. Our results showed that intramuscular injection of rabbits with BOL showed hypertrophy in both skeletal and cardiac muscles, disturbances of the hepatocytes radially arranged cords with multifocal hepatocellular vacuolations in the liver, glomerulus mass reduction with multifocal glomerular injury in the kidney, disturbances of the cycle of spermatogenesis in the testes. In conclusion, using BOL, while preparing for a young bodybuilding contest, may cause an alteration in the histological structure of most of the body organs; these findings suggested that especially young people who misuse anablic androgenic steroids should be careful if they want to use such steroids to enhance their strength and endurance.

  10. ANTIHYPERLIPIDIMIC EFFECT OF SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEEDS EXTRACTS IN RABBITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moyad Jamal Shahwan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective:The present study was designed to examine the effect of 70% ethanol extract of Simmondsia chinensis seeds on lipid profile in rabbits. Material and methods: The plant extract was orally administered to the atherogenic rabbits (atherogenic diet + cholesterol powder supplement at 400 mg/kg/body weight/ day dissolved in 5 mL coconut oil at dose of 500mg/kg body weight/day. During the hall period of the experiment blood samples were collected and serum was analyzed for lipid profile. At the end of the experiment the animals were sacrificed; the heart and the liver were collected and stored at -20°C until assayed. Biochemical analysis ofblood serum and tissue (liver and heart muscle were performed for cholesterol, phospholipids and triglycerides. In addition blood serum was analyzed further for HDL-cholesterol. Results: All the results were by administration of Simmondsia chinensis seeds. Serum cholesterol levels dropped from 957.57 to 223.3 and further to 143.4 by the end of the experiment. Similarly, phospholipids statistically analyzed using student’s t-test. Hypolipidaemic nature of Simmondsia chinensis extract was studied in hyperlipidaemic rabbits. The increased cholesterol levels were brought to normal and triglycerides levels were reduced. The tissues lipids profiles of liver and heart muscle showed similar changes in those noticed in serum lipids. Conclusion: We can conclude from these results that a Simmondsia chinensis seed possesses active hypolipidaemic constituents. The results suggest the validity of Simmondsia chinensis seeds clinical use in hypolipidaemic control, after their toxicological investigation.

  11. Rabbit facial nerve regeneration in NGF-containing silastic tubes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector, J G; Lee, P; Derby, A; Frierdich, G E; Neises, G; Roufa, D G

    1993-05-01

    Previous reports suggest that exogenous nerve growth factor (NGF) enhanced nerve regeneration in rabbit facial nerves. Rabbit facial nerve regeneration in 10-mm Silastic tubes prefilled with NGF was compared to cytochrome C (Cyt. C), bridging an 8-mm nerve gap. Three weeks following implantation, NGF-treated regenerates exhibited a more mature fascicular organization and more extensive neovascularization than cytochrome-C-treated controls. Morphometric analysis at the midtube of 3- and 5-week regenerates revealed no significant difference in the mean number of myelinated or unmyelinated axons between NGF- and cytochrome-C-treated implants. However, when the number of myelinated fibers in 5-week regenerates were compared to their respective preoperative controls, NGF-treated regenerates had recovered a significantly greater percentage of myelinated axons than cytochrome-C--treated implants (46% vs. 18%, respectively). In addition, NGF-containing chambers reinnervated a higher percentage of myelinated axons in the distal transected neural stumps (49% vs. 34%). Behavioral and electrophysiologic studies demonstrated spontaneous and induced activities in the target muscles when approximately one third of the myelinated axons were recovered in the midchamber (1280 axons). Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) studies demonstrated retrograde axonal transport to the midchamber and proximal transected neural stump. PC12 bioassay demonstrated persistent NGF activity in the intrachamber fluids at 3 (5:1 dilution) and 5 (2:1 dilution) weeks of entubation. Electrophysiologic tests demonstrated a slow conduction velocity of a propagated electrical impulse (43.5 m/s-1 vs. 67 m/s-1) and shallow wide compound action potential. In wider defects (15-mm chambers) and longer entubation periods (7 weeks), no regeneration or NGF activity was seen. Therefore, exogenous NGF provides an early but limited neurotrophic effect on the regeneration of the rabbit buccal division of the facial nerve and a

  12. Taurine inhibits ischemia/reperfusion-induced compartment syndrome in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji-xian WANG; Yan LI; Li-ke ZHANG; Jing ZHAO; Yong-zheng PANG; Chao-shu TANG; Jing ZHANG

    2005-01-01

    Aim: To investigate effects of taurine on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced compartment syndrome in rabbit hind limbs.Methods: Rabbits underwent femoral artery occ lusion after ligation of branches from terminal aorta to femoral artery.After a 7-h ischemia, reperfusion was established with the use of heparinized by iv infusion 10 min before shunt placement.During reperfusion, anterior compartment pressure (ACP) was monitored continuously in the left lower extremity.Gastrocnemius muscle triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) level, taurine content and myeloperoxidase activity were assayed.Oxidative stress was induced in the in vitro gastrocnemius muscle slices by free radical generating systems (FRGS),and the malondialdehyde content was measured in presence or absence of taurine.Results: After 7 h of ischemia, none of the parameters that we measured were different from those before ischemia, except that TTC reduction decreased by 80%.In the control group, after 2 h of reperfusion, ACP increased 4.5-fold, and gastrocnemius muscle taurine content was reduced by 33%.In taurine-treated animals, at 2 h reperfusion, the mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were increased, by 6% and 10%.ACP decreased by 39%, muscle edema decreased by 16%, TTC reduction increased by 150%, and lactate dehydrogenase decreased by 36% compared to control group.Plasma and muscle taurine content increased by 70% and 88%, respectively.In the taurine-treated group, at 2 h reperfusion, plasma malondialdehyde and conjugated diene content were decreased by 38% and 23%,respectively, and muscle malondialdehyde and conjugated diene content decreased by 22% and 30%, respectively compared to the control group.At 2 h reperfusion,myeloperoxidase activity was increased 3.5-fold in control animals.In the in vitro study, taurine decreased malondialdehyde content in muscle slices incubated with hypochlorous acid in a dose-dependent manner, but there was no change when incubated with hydrogen peroxide and

  13. Macromolecular Crowding Enhances Thermal Stability of Rabbit Muscle Creatine Kinase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Jiang; HE Huawei; LI Sen

    2008-01-01

    The effect of dextran on the conformation (or secondary structure) and thermal stability of creatine kinase (CK) was studied using the far-ultraviolet (UV) circular dichroism (CD) spectra.The results showed that lower concentrations of dextran (less than 60 g/L) induced formation of the secondary CK structures.However,the secondary structure content of CK decreased when the dextran concentrations exceeded 60 g/L.Thermally induced transition curves were measured for CK in the presence of different concentrations of dextran by far-UV CD.The thermal transition curves were fitted to a two-state model by a nonlinear,least-squares method to obtain the transition temperature of the unfolding transition.An increase i