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Sample records for quinto sinal vital

  1. A dor como quinto sinal vital: utilização da escala de avaliação por enfermeiros de um hospital geral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Hanke Bottega

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Es una investigación descriptiva con el objetivo de describir las impresiones de las enfermeras sobre el uso de una escala analógica visual para evaluar el dolor en los adultos. Los datos se recolectaron a través de un cuestionario aplicado a 14 enfermeras en un hospital y se analizaron mediante análisis temático, lo que resulta en seis categorías: la evaluación del dolor y su importancia; la evaluación del dolor para la humanización de la atención; la escala de dolor de medición subjetiva; la aplicación de la escala para orientar la toma de decisiones, y el dolor como un quinto signo vital. El uso de la escala permitió que las enfermeras percibiesen el dolor como el quinto signo vital, les permitió controlar la eficacia de la atención y humanizarla. Se puede inferir que la evaluación del dolor mediante una escala facilita la toma de decisiones del enfermero mediante el fomento de cuidado atento a las necesidades del paciente.

  2. A dor como quinto sinal vital: utilização da escala de avaliação por enfermeiros de um hospital geral

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Hanke Bottega; Rosane Teresinha Fontana

    2010-01-01

    Es una investigación descriptiva con el objetivo de describir las impresiones de las enfermeras sobre el uso de una escala analógica visual para evaluar el dolor en los adultos. Los datos se recolectaron a través de un cuestionario aplicado a 14 enfermeras en un hospital y se analizaron mediante análisis temático, lo que resulta en seis categorías: la evaluación del dolor y su importancia; la evaluación del dolor para la humanización de la atención; la escala de dolor de medición subjetiva; l...

  3. Sinal "S" de Golden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ricardo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O sinal de S Golden pode ser visto não só na radiografia do torax mas também na tomografia computorizada (TC. 1 O sinal também pode chamar-se de Sinal de S Golden Invertido porque lembra a forma de um “S” invertido.2,3 A pequena cisura, que delimita estas alterações, apresenta-se com a forma de “S” invertido, de concavidade inferior periférica, correspondente ao colapso pulmonar, e convexidade central, correspondente à massa hilar, o que pode ser apreciado na radiografia postero-anterior na TC do tórax. O lobo superior direito é o local onde mais frequentemente se desenvolvem neoplasias pulmonares, pelo que a presença do sinal “S” Golden deve levantar a suspeita de neoplasia primária.

  4. El quinto sabor

    OpenAIRE

    García Olmedo, Francisco

    2002-01-01

    Querida Amalia: Entre los problemas que compartimos poetas y científicos está el de las obvias limitaciones del lenguaje cotidiano para plasmar nuestras percepciones del universo poético o del mundo natural. Desde que hace unas semanas se publicó la identificación de receptores para el quinto sabor 1, me viene rondando la idea de escribirte sobre este y otros avances relacionados con los sentidos del gusto y del olfato, sentidos sobre los que los biólogos seguíamos desconociendo aspectos fund...

  5. As margens plácidas de O quinto dos infernos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Luiz Pucci Junior

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The serial O Quinto dos Infernos is compared with the film Carlota Joaquina, Princesa do Brazil, in order to point out, in Linda Hutcheon' s sense, some postmodernist traces and its unaccomplished historiographic metafiction.

  6. Sinal de Babinski: emprêgo do frio como estímulo sensitivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Gonçalves da Silva

    1966-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudadas comparativamente as respostas motoras reflexas desencadeadas por estímulo sensitivo táctil e por estímulo frio, aplicados à face plantar dos pés, de 31 pessoas sadias e de 49 pacientes com afecções do sistema nervoso. Êstes foram grupados segundo apresentassem quadros clínicos sugestivos de comprometimento do sistema nervoso periférico (7 pacientes ou do SNC. Dêstes últimos, um grupo de pacientes não apresentava sintomas próprios à lesão do neurônio motor central (12 pacientes. Nos demais havia sintomas sugestivos de lesão do neurônio motor central e foram considerados segundo apresentassem, ou não, sinal de Babinski à pesquisa mediante o estímulo táctil: em 9 o sinal de Babinski não era evidenciado e nos restantes estava presente. Êste último grupo de pacientes compreende 13 casos nos quais o sinal de Babinski ocorria unilateralmente e 8, nos quais ocorria bilateralmente. Os resultados permitiram verificar que o estímulo frio apenas ocasionalmente desencadeia a resposta que caracteriza o reflexo cutâneo plantar normal. Por outro lado, o estímulo frio possibilita com freqüência aproximadamente semelhante àquela observada para o estímulo táctil, a verificação do sinal de Babinski. Com freqüência a resposta que caracteriza o sinal de Babinski é mais nítida e duradoura quando se emprega o estímulo frio. Êsses dados mostram que o emprêgo do estímulo frio representa modalidade de semiotécnica útil para a elucidação de casos nos quais haja dúvidas quanto à presença de sinal de Babinski quando a pesquisa é feita segundo a técnica clássica. De fato, com o estímulo frio, observa-se tendência a refôrço do sinal de Babinski quando êle está presente; na sua ausência o mesmo tipo de estímulo não costuma determinar qualquer tipo de resposta.

  7. Análise da transformada em ondeletas aplicada em sinal geofísico

    OpenAIRE

    Bolzan,Maurício José Alves

    2004-01-01

    É mostrada uma análise em ondeletas aplicada em um sinal geofísico, número de manchas solares. Para isso, é dado uma introdução teórica sobre a Transformada em Ondeletas e sobre séries e Transformada de Fourier. A Transformada em Ondeletas é uma ferramenta matemática de grande utilidade aplicação em sinais não-estacionários.

  8. Quinto Tiberio Angelerio and New Measures for Controlling Plague in 16th-Centruy Alghero, Sardinia

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-10-28

    Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ historical Review, Quinto Tiberio Angelerio and New Measures for Controlling Plague in 16th -Centruy Alghero, Sardinia.  Created: 10/28/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 10/30/2013.

  9. Cyclic Vitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halse, Sven

    2014-01-01

    of taking such a unilateral view of what constituted a Vitalist concept of life. It could lead to a misunderstanding of Vitalist way of thinking, Rasch said, if the focus were only set upon the enthusiastic surplus, the worshipping of youth and health. To Vitalists, life is more than that. It is a totality...... that also encompasses notions of destruction, decay and death. “All life symbols in literature around 1900 are at the same time symbols of death”. (Rasch, W. 1967:24) Through the analyses of three poems, this article aims to show concrete examples of how cyclic Vitalist thinking is embedded in poetry...... of the era. The analyses include a further sub-categorisation to capture the different types of Life Force dealt with in the texts. By way of an introduction, Vitalism is discussed within the context of the scientific and social developments of the 19th Century....

  10. Characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana E3 ubiquitin-ligase AtSINAL7 and identification of the ubiquitination sites.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego A Peralta

    Full Text Available Protein ubiquitination leading to degradation by the proteasome is an important mechanism in regulating key cellular functions. Protein ubiquitination is carried out by a three step process involving ubiquitin (Ub activation by a E1 enzyme, the transfer of Ub to a protein E2, finally an ubiquitin ligase E3 catalyzes the transfer of the Ub peptide to an acceptor protein. The E3 component is responsible for the specific recognition of the target, making the unveiling of E3 components essential to understand the mechanisms regulating fundamental cell processes through the protein degradation pathways. The Arabidopsis thaliana seven in absentia-like 7 (AtSINAL7 gene encodes for a protein with characteristics from a C3HC4-type E3 ubiquitin ligase. We demonstrate here that AtSINAL7 protein is indeed an E3 protein ligase based on the self-ubiquitination in vitro assay. This activity is dependent of the presence of a Lys residue in position 124. We also found that higher AtSINAL7 transcript levels are present in tissues undergoing active cell division during floral development. An interesting observation is the circadian expression pattern of AtSINAL7 mRNA in floral buds. Furthermore, UV-B irradiation induces the expression of this transcript indicating that AtSINAL7 may be involved in a wide range of different cell processes.

  11. Eletrocardiograma em alta resolução : processamento e analise de sinal

    OpenAIRE

    Okamoto, Renato Massayuki

    1999-01-01

    Dissertação (Mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnologico Desenvolvimento de um programa para computador para processamento e análise do eletrocardiograma (ECG) em alta resolução. O programa realiza o processamento digital de três canais bipolares de ECG registrados a partir do sistema ortogonal XYZ durante o repouso e durante o teste de esforço. Foram implementadas técnicas de filtragem digital convencional e adaptativa para a melhoria da relação sinal/ruído pa...

  12. Análisis de contenido de los números decimales para grado quinto

    OpenAIRE

    Cubillos, María del Pilar

    2014-01-01

    Teniendo en cuenta los organizadores del currículo del análisis de contenido (estructura conceptual, sistemas de representación y fenomenología), se mostrará un ejercicio de análisis del concepto números decímales para grado quinto y una secuencia de tareas para abordar este concepto en el aula de clase.

  13. Small-scale hydro-power plant in Quinto - Preliminary project; Progetto minicentrale idroelettrica, Ri Secco - Quinto. Programma piccole centrali idrauliche. Progetto di massima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dotti, R. [Reali e Guscetti SA, Ambri (Switzerland); Rosselli, P. [Celio Engineering SA, Ambri (Switzerland)

    2009-06-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at a project for the realisation of a small hydro-power plant on the alpine stream 'Ri Secco' in the municipality of Quinto, southern Switzerland. The Ri Secco partly flows in a steep canyon. The elevation difference of 810 or 620 m (depending on the location of the water deviation from the stream) is favorable to the installation of a small-scale high-head power plant. The report presents details on the hydrological data and the dimensioning of the installation. Several variants are considered, which also include two possible penstock diameters for each weir location. The electricity production expected is discussed, as is the economic viability of the project.

  14. Prevalencia del juanete de sastre y quinto dedo adducto varo en el baile flamenco profesional. Prevalence of tailor's bunion and fifth toe adductus varus in professional flamenco dancing.

    OpenAIRE

    Nadia Salti; Gabriel Domínguez; Munuera, Pedro V.; José Manuel Castillo; Cristina Algaba

    2013-01-01

    El Juanete de Sastre es una deformidad adquirida que afecta al quinto metatarsiano y quinto dedo del pie. Se caracteriza por una prominencia lateral en la cabeza del quinto metatarsiano, con una marcada desviación medial del quinto dedo y una desviación lateral del V metatarsiano. De origen multifactorial, hablamos de una etiología micro traumática influida por posturas viciosas en dinámica, estática o sedente, por la influencia del calzado y la presencia de alteraciones biomecánicas de la ex...

  15. Influência da estratégia de processamento de sinal no desempenho auditivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Mendes de Melo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Aestratégia de processamento de sinal é um parâmetro que pode influenciar o desempenho auditivo do usuário de implante coclear e torna-se importante otimizar este parâmetro para proporcionar melhor percepção da fala, especialmente em situações de difícil escuta. OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados individuais do desempenho auditivo de crianças usuárias de implante coclear, utilizando diferentes estratégias de processamento do sinal. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo com 11 crianças com deficiência auditiva pré-lingual e com habilidade auditiva de reconhecimento em conjunto aberto. Foi realizada a avaliação em três momentos, de acordo com a estratégia de fala utilizada (HiRes 120 e HiRes. Os participantes foram submetidos à audiometria em campo livre e avaliação da percepção da fala (silêncio e ruído. RESULTADOS: No silêncio, as crianças S1, S4, S5, S7 apresentaram melhor desempenho com a estratégia HiRes 120 e as crianças S2, S9, S11 apresentaram melhor desempenho com a estratégia HiRes. No ruído, também foi possível observar que algumas crianças obtiveram melhor desempenho utilizando a estratégia HiRes 120 e outras com a HiRes. CONCLUSÃO: Nem todas as crianças avaliadas apresentaram o mesmo padrão de resposta com as diferentes estratégias utilizadas neste estudo, o que reforça a necessidade de olhar clínico na otimização da programação do implante coclear.

  16. Consideraciones anatómicas y funcionales en la patología del quinto radio del pie

    OpenAIRE

    Gallart Ortega, José; Lahoz Gimeno, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Se analiza si las diferentes alteraciones morfológicas y funcionales del pie se asocian estadísticamente a las diferentes desviaciones del quinto radio en el plano transverso y/o sagital como posible causa o agravantes de ésta. A su vez se describen las diferentes patologías quirúrgicas en quinto radio del pie y se evalúa el resultado goniométrico postquirúrgico de las diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas empleadas. MATERIAL MÉTODOS: En una muestra consecutiva de 121 pies intervenidos qu...

  17. Demodulação de sinal de giroscópio a fibra óptica utilizando técnica de cruzamento de zero.

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Durante Pereira Alves

    1997-01-01

    Este trabalho estuda uma nova técnica para demodulação de sinal de giroscópio a fibra óptica (GFO), baseada nas características da dependência temporal do sinal de saída em relação à velocidade angular. Esta técnica permite transformar o problema de se detectar a diferença de fase de Sagnac, que é proporcional à velocidade de rotação a que é submetido o giroscópio, na medida de diferença de intervalos de tempos determinados pelos pontos de cruzamento de zero do sinal. Um método de demodulação...

  18. Cambios cognitivos en la forma de explicar la historia en estudiantes de quinto grado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Patricia Navarro Roldán

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar la manera en que los estudiantes transforman el modelo explicativo de la historia, a partir de una secuencia de aprendizaje de seis sesiones de clase, basada en la teoría de la complejidad. Método. Se seleccionaron por conveniencia 21 estudiantes de quinto grado, a quienes se les enseñaron las propiedades ontológicas emergentes que explican las relaciones multinivel de la violencia bipartidista y sus diferencias con las propiedades ontológicas directas. Se codificó la presencia o la ausencia de las propiedades ontológicas emergentes y directas en las producciones escritas de los estudiantes (n = 126, y se analizó cualitativamente la forma en la que se generaron las transformaciones en el reconocimiento y el uso de los atributos ontológicos que configuraron o no un cambio conceptual para explicar la historia. Resultados. Los estudiantes usaron y articularon piezas o atributos ontológicos de dos modelos explicativos (directo y emergente, y se identificaron tres tipos de transformación en la comprensión de la historia durante las sesiones. Conclusión. Aunque los estudiantes no lograron identificar todas las propiedades emergentes como un conjunto coherente de conocimiento, se encontró que articularon atributos directos y emergentes para explicar la historia, lo cual generó sesgos en la comprensión del fenómeno histórico.

  19. Estudo e avaliação de técnicas de processamento do sinal mioelétrico para o controle de sistemas de reabilitação.

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Lício Ortolan

    2002-01-01

    Este trabalho tem a finalidade de analisar algumas técnicas de processamento do sinal mioelétrico, de forma a possibilitar uma posterior implementação de um circuito, que reconheça este sinal e apresente como saída um sinal de controle a ser utilizado em sistemas de reabilitação. Foram simuladas e avaliadas três técnicas de filtragem para o sinal mioelétrico, a fim de atenuar a interferência dos principais ruídos que corrompem este sinal. As técnicas avaliadas foram: filtragem digital clássic...

  20. Actitud de los alumnos de quinto de medicina hacia la salud mental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inmaculada Gilaberte

    Full Text Available Introducción. El estigma social que persiste hacia la enfermedad mental puede estar presente en los estudiantes de medicina e impactar en la forma de considerar ésta y la psiquiatría como especialidad. Objetivo. Investigar la actitud hacia la enfermedad mental y la psiquiatría en una muestra de estudiantes. Sujetos y métodos. Se realizó una encuesta estructurada, voluntaria y anónima a los 27 estudiantes de quinto curso del grado de medicina de la Universidad San Pablo-CEU de Madrid. La encuesta incluía un cuestionario sobre el nivel de familiaridad hacia la enfermedad mental, el cuestionario de actitud hacia la enfermedad mental (AMI y el cuestionario adaptado de Balon sobre la actitud hacia la psiquiatría. Resultados. Un total de 22 alumnos respondió la encuesta (72,7% mujeres. Estos alumnos presentaron una alta familiaridad con la enfermedad mental (puntuación media: 7,27; máximo: 11. El 81,8% refirieron una actitud positiva hacia la enfermedad mental (escala AMI. Las puntuaciones de la escala de Balon también mostraron un nivel alto de acuerdo en los méritos globales de la psiquiatría y en la eficacia de ésta. Tampoco las respuestas respecto al rol y función del psiquiatra y a la carrera profesional revelaron una postura negativa. No hubo relación entre la familiaridad y la actitud hacia la enfermedad mental o hacia la psiquiatría. Conclusiones. En esta muestra no se evidencia la existencia de estigma hacia la enfermedad mental o hacia la psiquiatría. Posteriores estudios en muestras más amplias y evaluaciones de la enseñanza de la psiquiatría son necesarios para profundizar en este tema.

  1. Vitalism as Pathos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Thomas

    This paper addresses the remarkable longevity (in spite of numerous 'refutations') of the idea of vitalism in the biological sciences and beyond. If there is to be a renewed vitalism today, however, we need to ask - on what kind of original conception of life should it be based? This paper argues that recent invocations of a generalized, processual variety of vitalism in the social sciences and humanities above all, however exciting in their scope, miss much of the basic originality - and interest - of the vitalist perspective itself. The paper argues that any renewed spirit of vitalism in the contemporary era would have to base itself on the normativity of the living organism rather than on any generalized conceptions of process or becoming. In the terms of the paper, such a vitalism would have to be concrete and 'disciplinary' rather than processual or generalized. Such a vitalism would also need to accommodate, crucially, the pathic aspects of life - pathology, sickness, error; in short everything that makes us, as living beings, potentially weak, without power, at a loss. Sources for such a pathic vitalism might be found above all in the work of Georges Canguilhem - and Friedrich Nietzsche - rather than primarily in Bergson, Whitehead or Deleuze.

  2. Propuesta de mejora de la comprensión lectora en quinto de Educación Primaria

    OpenAIRE

    Gil-Gómez, Gloria

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo de fin de grado presenta una propuesta de intervención que tiene como finalidad la mejora de la comprensión lectora en un aula de quinto curso de Educación Primaria. Este proyecto parte de la detección de dificultades en el proceso de comprensión lectora y pretende aportar soluciones en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Para ello, aborda los procesos cognitivos que intervienen en la comprensión: la atención y la memoria, los procesos lingüísticos y las estrategias que se activ...

  3. SOCIALIZACIÓN PARENTAL Y CONDUCTAS ANTISOCIALES - DELICTIVAS EN ALUMNOS DE TERCERO, CUARTO Y QUINTO GRADOS DE SECUNDARIA

    OpenAIRE

    PORTOCARRERO PARDO, YESSICA; UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DEL ALTIPLANO

    2014-01-01

    ResumenEl objetivo principal de esta investigación fue determinar si existe relación entre Socialización Parental y Conductas Antisociales-Delictivas; siendo la población objetivo de la institución Educativa Pública Emblemático «San Pedro» en una muestra de 159 alumnos del tercero, cuarto y quinto grados de secundaria de ambos sexos, de 13 a 18 años. Instrumentos utilizados, La Escala de Estilos de Socialización Parental enAdolescentes (ESPA29) de Musitu & García, (2001), y el Cuestionari...

  4. Interface humano para sistemas de aquisição de dados e processamento digital de sinal : desenvolvimento de uma plataforma de teste e de um osciloscópio digital para um sistema de aquisição de dados e processamento digital de sinal baseado no DSP TMS320C31

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Nuno Sérgio

    2000-01-01

    Relatório da Disciplina de Projecto Tem-se vindo a verificar, nos últimos anos, um crescente desenvolvimento e dedicar de atenção a sistemas de aquisição e tratamento digital de sinal, existindo diversos factores que têm proporcionado a evolução nesta área: - O avanço das tecnologias microelectrónicas, que têm possibilitado o aumento das capacidades e velocidades dos DSP’s, elemento central duma aplicação de tratamento digital de sinal, sendo ele que confere ao sistema o nível de inteli...

  5. Manifestações culturais televisivas: o riso presente na minissérie O Quinto dos Infernos / Television cultural manifestations: The laughter present in the TV series O Quinto dos Infernos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Éboli de Nigris

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O objetivo deste artigo é fazer uma reflexão sobre o riso presente na minissérie O Quinto dos Infernos, mostrada pela Rede Globo em 2002. O programa narra as peripécias da vinda da corte portuguesa para o Brasil em 1808 e usa o humor para fazer sua investida histórica. Para o desenvolvimento da discussão, será utilizado o arcabouço teórico de M. Bakhtin que aborda, em sua obra, as manifestações culturais populares e sua influencia sobre a linguagem. ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to reflect about the laughter present in the TV programme O quinto dos infernos shown by Globo Channel in 2002. The show tells the adventures of the Portuguesenobility that came to Brazil in 1808 and uses humour to do so. For the development of the discussion the theoretical basis of M. Bakhtin will be used. In his work, the Russian author exploits the popular

  6. Hispanismo, mestizaje y representaciones indígenas durante el quinto centenario en Ecuador: Vistazo y El Comercio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Cabrera Hanna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudian algunas de las representaciones de los indios que aparecieron en la prensa ecuatoriana durante el quinto centenario. Las fuentes usadas para este propósito son los periódicos Vistazo y El Comercio, se atiende especialmente a sus reportajes sobre la conmemoración y a los artículos de opinión. El análisis de una selección de estas fuentes ilustra el tipo de producción de la imagen del indígena que se instaló en la memoria pública, como elemento que apuntala el discurso nacional de matriz blanco-mestiza, opuesta a las reivindicaciones formuladas en la coyuntura del quinto centenario por las organizaciones indígenas. Esta producción de la imagen se compuso de acuerdo con dos motivaciones: como recurso de afirmación del mestizaje de origen hispánico y como una forma de escamoteo ideológico y cultural contra las reivindicaciones políticas del movimiento indígena.

  7. Uso de las TIC en estudiantes de quinto y sexto grado de educación primaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisol Villegas Pérez

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio es identificar la percepción de los alumnos de quinto y sexto de educación primaria, en escuelas públicas, sobre sus competencias en el uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC e indagar si existen diferencias en cuanto al sexo y a tener computadora y acceso a internet en casa. La metodología fue cuantitativa no experimental transeccional y la muestra se conformó de 201 estudiantes de escuelas primarias públicas: 51.6% corresponde a alumnos de quinto y 48.4, de sexto; de estos, 52.6 eran niños y 47.4, niñas. Los instrumentos empleados fueron dos encuestas con escala tipo Likert con cinco opciones de respuesta. La primera encuesta midió el uso de las TIC en la vida diaria y la segunda, el uso de las TIC en la escuela. Los resultados muestran que los estudiantes hacen uso moderado de las TIC y no hay diferencias significativas en cuanto al sexo y a tener computadora en casa, o no, pero sí en el acceso a internet. El estudio concluye que los alumnos utilizan las TIC más para actividades de esparcimiento que para labores escolares y que sus competencias al respecto son limitadas.

  8. In Search of Vitality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Jens Lohfert; Ebbesen Nielsen, Louise

    2010-01-01

    concepts such as vitalism (Hans Driesch) and degeneration (Max Nordau) can be conceived as different reactions to Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of the Species in the light of bio-power. Even though both Driesch and Nordau use Darwin’s theories to produce positive ideas about respectively the strong...

  9. Planetary Vital Signs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennel, Charles; Briggs, Stephen; Victor, David

    2016-07-01

    The climate is beginning to behave in unusual ways. The global temperature reached unprecedented highs in 2015 and 2016, which led climatologists to predict an enormous El Nino that would cure California's record drought. It did not happen the way they expected. That tells us just how unreliable temperature has become as an indicator of important aspects of climate change. The world needs to go beyond global temperature to a set of planetary vital signs. Politicians should not over focus policy on one indicator. They need to look at the balance of evidence. A coalition of scientists and policy makers should start to develop vital signs at once, since they should be ready at the entry into force of the Paris Agreement in 2020. But vital signs are only the beginning. The world needs to learn how to use the vast knowledge we will be acquiring about climate change and its impacts. Is it not time to use all the tools at hand- observations from space and ground networks; demographic, economic and societal measures; big data statistical techniques; and numerical models-to inform politicians, managers, and the public of the evolving risks of climate change at global, regional, and local scales? Should we not think in advance of an always-on social and information network that provides decision-ready knowledge to those who hold the responsibility to act, wherever they are, at times of their choosing?

  10. LAS HABILIDADES DEL PENSAMIENTO Y EL APRENDIZAJE SIGNIFICATIVO EN MATEMÁTICA, DE ESCOLARES DE QUINTO GRADO EN COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Araya Ramírez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este es un artículo en el cual se analizó cómo las habilidades de pensamiento de la observación, la inducción, el razonamiento hipotético-deductivo y la abstracción en la resolución de problemas, se presentan y potencian en los escolares de quinto grado, y cómo impactan en el aprendizaje al ser estimuladas durante el proceso de mediación pedagógica, en una escuela pública de la Dirección Regional de San José, circuito 02, en 2012. La metodología para recolectar la información consistió en: aplicar un pretest y un postest a 2 grupos de quinto grado (uno era el grupo control y el otro, el experimental, la muestra total fue de 60 estudiantes. Los test contaban con ejercicios para evaluar los procesos que intervienen en las habilidades del pensamiento investigadas; luego de aplicar el pretest al grupo experimental, se administró un plan institucional didáctico inteligente en matemática, con un enfoque constructivista; asimismo se sistematizaron los logros de los discentes en un diario de campo, y en una hoja de observación se anotaron los roles del educando y el docente, mientras se desarrollaba la lección. Finalmente, se entrevistó a una docente de quinto grado del grupo control, que imparte la asignatura de matemática. Los resultados obtenidos reflejaron que, si los procesos que involucran las habilidades del pensamiento son potenciados, el educando adquiere conocimientos y habilidades cada vez más complejas, que le permitan tener conciencia de cómo aprende. Se concluye que es necesario establecer en el aprendizaje de la matemática, un programa gradual para potenciar las habilidades de pensamiento por nivel escolar, respetando la madurez y el nivel cognitivo de los educandos.

  11. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF "TREATING VITALITY" AND "RESERVING VITALITY"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    "Treating vital ity "and" reserving vital ity"are very important manipulations during acupuncture treatment of diseases. "Treating vitality" comprises adjusting and treating both the acupuncture doctor's and the patient's vitality; while "reserving vitality" demands the acupuncture doctor carefully to experience the sponses, and then perform reducing or reinforcing needling manipulations in accordance with the state of excess- or deficiency- syndrome. "Treating vitality" and "reserving vitality" impenetrate the whole process of acupuncture treatment all along. Through years' clinical practice, the author of the present paper discusses the functions of the two aspects in every stage of acupuncture treatment, including before acupuncture, during needle insertion, during retention and withdrawal of the needle. The purpose of this paper is to explain the clinical significance of treating and reserving vitality and arouse many acupuncture doctors' attention.

  12. Vitalism, purpose and superstition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindeman, Marjaana; Saher, Marieke

    2007-02-01

    Developmental studies have shown that children assign purpose to objects more liberally than adults, and that they explain biological processes in terms of vitalistic causality. This study tested the hypothesis that similar misconceptions can be found among superstitious adults. The results from 116 superstitious and 123 sceptical individuals showed that more than sceptics, superstitious individuals attributed purpose to objects, and explained biological processes in terms of organ intentionality and energy transmission. In addition, they thought of energy as a vital force, attributing life and mental properties to it. These conceptual confusions were positively associated to all types of superstitions as well as belief in alternative medicine. The results support the argument that category mistakes and ontological confusions underlie superstitious and vitalistic thinking.

  13. Ethnolinguistic Vitality and Intergroup Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin

    2010-01-01

    The paper argues that ethnolinguistic vitality depends on four crucial social psychological factors: perceived strength differential, intergroup distance, utilitarianism and intergroup discordance. The influence of these factors on the vitality of subordinate and dominant groups is outlined. It is proposed that the vitality of both types of groups…

  14. Ethnolinguistic Vitality and Intergroup Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin

    2010-01-01

    The paper argues that ethnolinguistic vitality depends on four crucial social psychological factors: perceived strength differential, intergroup distance, utilitarianism and intergroup discordance. The influence of these factors on the vitality of subordinate and dominant groups is outlined. It is proposed that the vitality of both types of groups…

  15. Hiperintensidade de sinal em T1 dos núcleos da base: relato de caso na encefalopatia portal sistêmica esquistossomótica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MACHADO JÚNIOR MARCOS ALBERTO DA COSTA

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos o caso de uma paciente portadora de esquistossomose mansônica com encefalopatia portal sistêmica, associada a elevada intensidade de sinal em T1 ao nível dos núcleos da base, devido a deposição de manganês, decorrente da presença de colaterais porto-sistêmicos. Ressaltamos os achados radiológicos por ressonância magnética e fazemos revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema. Desconhecemos relato de tal associação na bibliografia.

  16. Televisão digital e o espectro eletromagnético: apontamentos sobre a gestão do recurso durante o processo de digitalização do sinal televisivo

    OpenAIRE

    Xavier, Renan Schlup [UNESP

    2011-01-01

    A presente dissertação resulta de uma pesquisa descritiva e documental, de cunho exploratório, sobre a televisão digital e sua oportunidade de democratização da comunicação, neste caso, analisando especificamente o espectro da televisão. A substituição do sinal televisivo analógico pelo sinal digital acarreta mudanças significativas no setor de telecomunicações, em especial, por impor nova regulamentação e propor redefinição quanto ao uso do espectro eletromagnético nacional, que pertence ao ...

  17. Prevalencia del juanete de sastre y quinto dedo adducto varo en el baile flamenco profesional. Prevalence of tailor's bunion and fifth toe adductus varus in professional flamenco dancing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Salti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El Juanete de Sastre es una deformidad adquirida que afecta al quinto metatarsiano y quinto dedo del pie. Se caracteriza por una prominencia lateral en la cabeza del quinto metatarsiano, con una marcada desviación medial del quinto dedo y una desviación lateral del V metatarsiano. De origen multifactorial, hablamos de una etiología micro traumática influida por posturas viciosas en dinámica, estática o sedente, por la influencia del calzado y la presencia de alteraciones biomecánicas de la extremidad inferior y pies; aunque coexisten otros factores predisponentes. Mediante un estudio observacional transversal, realizado en diferentes academias de flamenco de Andalucía, el Área Clínica de Podología de la Universidad de Sevilla y centros privados de Investigación y Podología, sobre 27 participantes (40 pies de bailaoras y 14 pies de bailaores profesionales de flamenco, se determinó que existe una prevalencia del 14.8% de Juanetes de Sastre y del 35% de quintos dedos adducto varo. En ambos casos, la prevalencia es mayor entre la población femenina. Los años de actividad (años practicando baile flamenco influyen significativamente en la aparición de estas deformidades.The tailor’s bunion is an acquired deformity that concerns the fifth metatarsal and the fifth toe. It is defined by a lateral protuberance in the fifth metatarsal head with the fifth toe medial curvature and fifth metatarsal lateral curvature. Its origin can be derived from multiple factors as micro traumatic etiology influenced by repetitive positions in dynamics, static and sitting, shoewear´s influence and biomechanics alterations in the lower extremity and feet, although other influence factors are also found. By means of a cross-sectional and observational study carried out in different Andalusia flamenco dance academies, Podiatry Clinic of the University of Seville and podiatry’s private research centers, in 27 participants (40 women flamenco dancers´ feet

  18. Cecílio Romaña, o sinal de Romaña e a doença de Chagas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Pinto Dias

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available Recentemente falecido em Barcelona, Cecílio Romaña foi um importante tropicologista argentino com muitas contribuições à clínica, ao controle e à patologia da doença de Chagas entre 1930 e 1960. Em 1935, Romaña tornou-se famoso por sua precisa descrição do complexo oftalmo-ganglionar, o mais típico dos sinais de porta de entrada da doença de Chagas humana, sinal este que logo ficou conhecido em toda a América Latina com o nome de "sinal de Romaña", por proposição de dois pesquisadores brasileiros, Emmanuel Dias e Evandro Chagas. O achado de Romaña causou enorme polêmica com o grande Salvador Mazza, que não reconheceu a especificidade do sinal e, muito menos, aceitou a proposta nomenclatura. Estes fatos são relatados no presente artigo, que homenageia Cecílio Romaña e destaca o enorme impacto de sua descoberta para o conhecimento da doença de Chagas aguda em toda sua área endêmica.Cecílio Romaña was an important Argentinean researcher dedicated to tropical diseases in the period 1930-1960, recently died in Barcelona. Working mainly on the epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of American trypanosomiasis, Romaña became very famous in 1935 when he accurately described the most typical portal recognized in all the endemic area with the cognomen of "Romaña sign". This description caused an enormous polemic with Romaña's then director, the great Salvador Mazza, who never accepted the specificity of the sign and, much less, its popular name (which was proposed by the Brazilian researchers Emmanuel Dias and Evandro Chagas. This history is briefly summarized in the present article, as well as the great impact of Romaña's discovery in the recognition of the acute Chagas' disease in all the endemic area.

  19. Vitalism in naive biological thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, S C; Taplin, J E; Gelman, S A

    2000-09-01

    Vitalism is the belief that internal bodily organs have agency and that they transmit or exchange a vital force or energy. Three experiments investigated the use of vitalistic explanations for biological phenomena by 5- and 10-year-old English-speaking children and adults, focusing on 2 components: the notion that bodily organs have intentions and the notion that some life force or energy is transmitted. The original Japanese finding of vitalistic thinking was replicated in Experiment 1 with English-speaking 5-year-olds. Experiment 2 indicated that the more active component of vitalism for these children is a belief in the transfer of energy during biological processes, and Experiment 3 suggested an additional, albeit lesser, role for organ intentionality. A belief in vital energy may serve a causal placeholder function within a naive theory of biology until a more precisely formulated mechanism is known.

  20. CDC Vital Signs: Preventing Melanoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... MMWR Science Clips Error processing SSI file Preventing Melanoma Communities Play a Vital Role Language: English Español ( ... and use of indoor tanning by minors. Problem Melanoma is increasing. Melanoma skin cancer is common and ...

  1. Comprensión de lectura en alumnos de cuarto y quinto grados de primaria de Lima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Morales Silva

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó 302 niños de cuarto y quinto de primaria con la prueba Evaluación de Inferencias y Metacognición (Morales, 1997. Se analizó (a el grado de dificultad de las inferencias para cada grado, NSE y género; (b la relación entre el grado, el NSE y el género con el puntaje en la prueba de comprensión y con (e el nivel de conciencia del propio rendimiento; y (d la relación entre el nivel de conciencia del propio rendimiento y el puntaje. Los resultados indicaron que la dificultad de los tipos de inferencia fue similar para toda la muestra. Se comprobó la relación entre el puntaje en las tareas de comprensión con el grado y el NSE. Asimismo, se halló una relación entre la conciencia del propio desempeño en tareas inferenciales y el NSE. Finalmente, la asociación entre la conciencia del propio desempeño y el puntaje fue positiva, aunque de poca magnitud. The test of inferences and metacogtion (Morales, 1997 was used to assessed 302 fourth and fifth graders. It was analysed (a the degree of difficulty of the inferences for each grade, SE level and gender; (b the relation of grade, SE level and gender, with the score in the comprehension task and with (e the awareness about their achievement; and (d the relation between the awareness about their achievement and the scores. The results showed that the degree of the inferences was similar for the whole sample. They also indicated a relation of the scores in the comprehension task with grade and the SE level. Likewise it was found a relation between the awareness of their achievement in the inferential task and the SE level. The relation between the awareness of their achievement and the scores in comprehension was positive and weak.

  2. Aprendizaje socioemocional en estudiantes de quinto y sexto grado: presentación y evaluación de impacto del programa BASE

    OpenAIRE

    Milicic,Neva; Alcalay,Lidia; Berger, Christian; Álamos,Pilar

    2013-01-01

    Se presenta el desarrollo y evaluación de impacto de un programa para favorecer el bienestar y aprendizaje socioemocional en estudiantes de quinto y sexto año de enseñanza general básica: el programa BASE. A partir de una revisión teórica del aprendizaje socioemocional se fundamenta el énfasis del programa en el desarrollo de vínculos interpersonales de calidad y el desarrollo de las competencias necesarias para ello, integrando tanto factores a nivel del desarrollo individual como también de...

  3. Pigmentos de pinturas rupestres pré-históricas do sítio Letreiro do Quinto, Pedro II, Piauí, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetisuelma Leal Alves

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Letreiro do Quinto rock shelter is located in the rural area of the city of Pedro II, Piauí, Brazil. The sandstone walls of the shelter are covered with prehistoric rupestrian paintings, painted in patterns of yellow and light and dark red hues. The chemical-mineralogical characterization of the prehistoric pigments was made with energy dispersive spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence and 57Fe transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy at 110 K. Results confirm the occurrence of hematite- and goethite-rich ochres and also that the pigment layers are indeed made of a mixture of clay minerals mixed with iron oxides.

  4. Los libros de texto de matemáticas para quinto grado: correspondencia con el desarrollo del razonamiento estadístico

    OpenAIRE

    Marrugo, Luis

    2014-01-01

    En este documento presento los avances de mi proyecto de investigación para optar por el título de Magister en Educación. Esta investigación está enmarcada en el reconocimiento del libro de texto como un elemento importante en el aula de clases. Busco dar cuenta de la correspondencia entre los libros de texto de matemáticas para quinto grado y la propuesta de la política curricular, a partir del desarrollo algunos componentes del razonamiento estadístico. Este trabajo lo desarrollaré bajo el ...

  5. Uso de estrategias de autorregulación en la compresión de textos en niños otomíes de quinto grado

    OpenAIRE

    Judith Salvador Cruz; Guadalupe Acle Tomasini

    2005-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio consistió en analizar el uso o presencia de procesos de autorregulación cuando niños otomíes de quinto grado de primaria realizan una tarea de comprensión lectora. Se les aplicó una entrevista clínica semiestructurada y un protocolo verbal en su modalidad de pensamiento en voz alta, donde se les ejercitó a verbalizar lo que pensaran o reflexionaran antes, durante y después de realizar una lectura. Los resultados se organizaron con base en las categorías de aná...

  6. Understanding and Forecasting Ethnolinguistic Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karan, Mark E.

    2011-01-01

    Forecasting of ethnolinguistic vitality can only be done within a well-functioning descriptive and explanatory model of the dynamics of language stability and shift. It is proposed that the Perceived Benefit Model of Language Shift, used with a taxonomy of language shift motivations, provides that model. The model, based on individual language…

  7. Understanding and Forecasting Ethnolinguistic Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karan, Mark E.

    2011-01-01

    Forecasting of ethnolinguistic vitality can only be done within a well-functioning descriptive and explanatory model of the dynamics of language stability and shift. It is proposed that the Perceived Benefit Model of Language Shift, used with a taxonomy of language shift motivations, provides that model. The model, based on individual language…

  8. Vitalism in Naive Biological Thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Suzanne C.; Taplin, John E.; Gelman, Susan A.

    2000-01-01

    Three experiments investigated use of vitalistic explanations for biological phenomena by 5- and 10-year-olds and by adults. Results replicated the original Japanese finding of vitalistic thinking among English-speaking 5-year-olds, identified the more active component of vitalism as a belief in the transfer of energy during biological processes,…

  9. Forced vital capacity, slow vital capacity, or inspiratory vital capacity: which is the best measure of vital capacity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chhabra, S K

    1998-01-01

    Vital capacity can be measured as forced vital capacity (FVC), slow vital capacity (SVC), and inspiratory vital capacity (IVC). Although it is well known that the latter two are generally greater, a systematic comparison of the three in subjects with different degrees of airways obstruction has not been made. Sixty asthmatics and 20 normal subjects performed maneuvers for measurement of FVC, SVC, and IVC on a dry, rolling-seal spirometer. The severity of airways obstruction in asthmatics was classified as mild, moderate, and severe. There was no significant difference between FVC, SVC, and IVC in normal subjects. However, the three measurements of vital capacity were significantly different in all subgroups of asthmatics. FVC was smaller than both SVC and IVC. The differences were more marked in patients with moderate and severe degrees of airways obstruction. The differences between SVC and IVC were small and clinically not important. Forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) expressed as percent of FVC, SVC, and IVC, was not different in normals and asthmatics with mild airways obstruction. The ratios were significantly different in asthmatics with moderate and severe airways obstruction. FEV1/IVC ratio was the lowest in both the groups followed by FEV1/SVC and FEV1/FVC. IVC and SVC are greater than FVC in patients with airways obstruction. This difference increases as the degree of obstruction increases. The difference between SVC or IVC and FVC serves as an indicator of air trapping. Both FVC and IVC could be measured and the largest VC used to calculate the FEV1/VC ratio because this increases the sensitivity of spirometry in detecting airways obstruction.

  10. A abdução dos artelhos e o sinal do leque (Babinski, 1903 The abduction of the toes and the fan sign (Babinski, 1903

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo De Oliveira-Souza

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available A abdução dos artelhos menores ("sinal do leque" concomitante à adoção da atitude sentada a partir do decúbito (movimento associado ou em resposta à excitação plantar externa (resposta reflexa foi formalmente descrita por Babinski em 1903 e contrastada com a dorsiflexão do hálux em termos dos seus respectivos valores de localização. No presente ensaio traduzimos as duas comunicações em que a abdução dos artelhos recebeu sua caracterização semiológica final e enfatizamos a distinção entre o fenômeno da abdução e a extensão reflexa dos artelhos, particularmente do grande. Aduzimos, ainda, evidências de que, na literatura anátomo-clínica e neurofisiológica dos anos subsequentes, o assim chamado "sinal de Babinski" e respostas coadjuvantes continuam gerando imprecisões conceituais, descrições inadequadas e investigações imperfeitas.The abduction of the lesser toes which may be observed as an associated movement or as a reflex response to stroking of the lateral plantar surface of the foot (the fan sign was formally described in 1903 by Babinski, who compared it to the dorsiflexion of the great toe in terms of their respective values as localizing signs. In the present essay we translated into Portuguese and review the two communications in which the characterization of the abduction of the toes was made, emphasizing the distinction between this phenomenon and the reflex dorsiflexion of the toes, particularly the great toe. Evidence is adduced from the clinical and physiological literature of the succeeding years that shows that the so-called "sign of Babinski" is still surrounded by mists of inadequate clinico-anatomic concepts whence the wealth of incrogruous pathophysiological interpretations which abound in the literature of the past decades.

  11. Refining the Notion of Ethnolinguistic Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin

    2010-01-01

    The paper argues that the notion of ethnolinguistic vitality has been used ambiguously in the vitality theory, denoting three distinct theoretical concepts: sustainability (Su), strength (S) and vitality (V). It is hypothesised that sustainability is a group's ability to continue existing as a group while vitality is its ability to act as a…

  12. Professional Vitality: Do You Have It?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, Tom; Donaldson, Gordon

    2003-01-01

    Examines professional vitality (passion, vigor, facility, and satisfaction) among Maine elementary school principals. Finds three variables related to level of principal vitality: Tenure in the same school (longer tenure results in lower vitality), gender (women have more vitality than men), and support (more faculty and staff support equals…

  13. Physical activity and cognitive vitality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Ruchika Shaurya; Voss, Michelle W; Erickson, Kirk I; Kramer, Arthur F

    2015-01-01

    We examine evidence supporting the associations among physical activity (PA), cognitive vitality, neural functioning, and the moderation of these associations by genetic factors. Prospective epidemiological studies provide evidence for PA to be associated with a modest reduction in relative risk of cognitive decline. An evaluation of the PA-cognition link across the life span provides modest support for the effect of PA on preserving and even enhancing cognitive vitality and the associated neural circuitry in older adults, with the majority of benefits seen for tasks that are supported by the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus. The literature on children and young adults, however, is in need of well-powered randomized controlled trials. Future directions include a more sophisticated understanding of the dose-response relationship, the integration of genetic and epigenetic approaches, inclusion of multimodal imaging of brain-behavior changes, and finally the design of multimodal interventions that may yield broader improvements in cognitive function.

  14. The Rolex sign - first manifestation of Parkinson's disease: case report O sinal do Rolex - manifestação inicial da doença de Parkinson: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HÉLIO A. G. TEIVE

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available We describe a patient whose initial manifestation of Parkinson's disease was a malfunctioning of a self-winding wristwatch secondary to bradykinesia of his left arm. Andrade and Ferraz reported this sign in 1996, suggesting that it be called the Rolex sign.Relatamos o caso de um paciente com diagnóstico estabelecido de doença de Parkinson idiopática, cujo sinal inicial da doença foi a dificuldade de funcionamento de um relógio de pulso, da marca Rolex, em virtude da presença de bradicinesia no seu membro superior esquerdo. Esta peculiaridade semiológica já foi referida previamente por Andrade e Ferraz, em 1996, como o sinal do Rolex.

  15. Vital Signs-Secondhand Smoke

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-02-03

    This podcast is based on the February 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Secondhand smoke kills more than 400 infants and 41,000 adult nonsmokers every year. Learn what can be done to prevent secondhand smoke exposure.  Created: 2/3/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 2/3/2015.

  16. Vital Signs - Child Passenger Safety

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-02-04

    This podcast is based on the February 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Over the past 10 years, more than 9,000 children 12 and under died in motor vehicle crashes, and a third who died in 2011 weren't buckled up. Buckling up is the best way to reduce injuries and save lives.  Created: 2/4/2014 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 2/4/2014.

  17. Plan de mercadeo Vitality Lunch

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Muestra la estructura del plan de mercadeo para la fabricación y comercialización de comidas saludables customizadas para personas que busquen cuidar su salud o para personas que padecen algún tipo de enfermedad que deba ser tratado bajo una dieta alimenticia especial, el plan busca crear la mezcla correcta para dar a conocer, posicionar y comercializar los almuerzos 100% naturales y frescos de Vitality Lunch.

  18. Vital Signs-Trucker Safety

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-03-03

    This podcast is based on the March 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. In 2012 in the United States, about 317,000 motor vehicle crashes involved a large truck. Twenty-six thousand truck drivers and their passengers were injured in these crashes, and about 700 died. Learn what can be done to help truck drivers stay safe.  Created: 3/3/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 3/3/2015.

  19. Vitality of optical vortices (Presentation)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Roux, FS

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Roux3_2014.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3018 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Roux3_2014.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Title Vitality of optical vortices F Stef... Roux Presented at Complex Light and Optical Force VIII SPIE Photonics West 2014 Moscone Center, San Francisco, California USA 5 February 2014 CSIR National Laser Centre, Pretoria, South Africa – p. 1/11 Speckle Amplitude Phase – p. 2/11 Vortex...

  20. Uso de representaciones y patrones por alumnos de quinto de educación primaria en una tarea de generalización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Merino

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presentamos parte de los resultados de una investigación más amplia cuyo principal objetivo es indagar sobre las estrategias y representaciones que utilizan alumnos de quinto de educación primaria cuando abordan una tarea de generalización basada en un ejemplo genérico. Recogimos información en el aula habitual de un grupo de 20 alumnos del citado curso, mediante una tarea escrita constituida por diez cuestiones que involucran relaciones funcionales entre dos variables. En este artículo mostramos el análisis y resultados de las respuestas a cuatro de esas cuestiones. Destacamos la diversidad de representaciones utilizadas, el uso de diferentes patrones como estrategia más frecuente, y las evidencias obtenidas de la capacidad de generalización de los escolares de quinto de educación primaria.Representations and patterns used by fifth grade students in a generalization task. In this article we present some of the results of a wider research study whose main goal is to investigate the strategies and representations used by Year 5 students in a generalization task which is based on a generic example. We collected information in the regular classroom for a group of 20 students of that year, through a writing generalization task that involves ten questions related to functional relations between two variables. In this paper we present the analysis and results of the answers to four questions. We emphasize the diversity of representations used in the responses, the use of various patterns as the most frequent strategy, and the evidence of students’ generalization capacity.

  1. Vital phase of space science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, E.N. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)

    1994-10-01

    Space science began with the indirect phase where the activity in space was inferred from such terrestrial phenomena as geomagnetic storms, ionospheric variations, and fluctuations in the cosmic ray intensity. The direct phase was initiated with spaceflight placing instruments directly in space and permitting the direct observation of UV and X rays, as well as precision observations of solar luminosity variations. The evidence from these many direct studies, together with the historical record of terrestrial conditions, shows that the variations of the luminosity of the Sun affect the terrestrial atmosphere at all levels, with devastating changes in climate tracking the major changes in the activity level and luminosity of the Sun. The quantification and understanding of this vital connection should be the first priority of space science and geophysics, from oceans and atmosphere through the ionosphere, magnetosphere, and all the way to the convective zone of the Sun. It becomes the vital phase of space science, focused on the basic science of the changing habitability of Earth. 13 refs.

  2. Vital Stats (Vital Statistics Tables and files- Births, Infant Deaths, Fetal Deaths)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — VitalStats: A collection of vital statistics products including tables, data files, and reports that allow users to access and examine vital statistics and...

  3. CDC Vital Signs: Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... government is Tracking the nation’s progress in reducing crash injuries and deaths. www.cdc.gov/psr/national-summary/ ... Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths Vital Signs: Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety CDC: Child Passenger ...

  4. Vitalism and the Darwin Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, James

    2012-08-01

    There are currently both scientific and public debates surrounding Darwinism. In the scientific debate, the details of evolution are in dispute, but not the central thesis of Darwin's theory; in the public debate, Darwinism itself is questioned. I concentrate on the public debate because of its direct impact on education in the United States. Some critics of Darwin advocate the teaching of intelligent design theory along with Darwin's theory, and others seek to eliminate even the mention of evolution from science classes altogether. Many of these critics base their objections on the claim that non-living matter cannot give rise to living matter. After considering some of the various meanings assigned to `vitalism' over the years, I argue that a considerable portion of Darwin deniers support a literal version of vitalism that is not scientifically respectable. Their position seems to be that since life cannot arise naturally, Darwin's theory accomplishes nothing: If it can only account for life forms changing from one to another (even this is disputed by some) but not how life arose in the first place, what's the point? I argue that there is every reason to believe that living and non-living matter differ only in degree, not in kind, and that all conversation about Darwinism should start with the assumption that abiogenesis is possible unless or until compelling evidence of its impossibility is presented. That is, I advocate a position that the burden of proof lies with those who claim "Life only comes from life." Until that case is made, little weight should be given to their position.

  5. 46 CFR 169.642 - Vital systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Vital systems. 169.642 Section 169.642 Shipping COAST... Electrical Piping Systems § 169.642 Vital systems. For the purpose of this part, the following are considered vital systems— (a) A marine engineering system identified by the OCMI as being crucial to the survival...

  6. Vitalism, complexity and the concept of spin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milgrom, L R

    2002-01-01

    Vital Force is a concept that has suffered at the hands of the current medical model. An attempt is made to show how it might be possible to explain Vital Force in terms of complexity theory. A metaphor is introduced for the operation of Vital Force in terms of gyroscopic motion.

  7. Sinal de Cecin (Sinal "X": um aprimoramento no diagnóstico de compressão radicular por hérnias discais lombares Cecin’s Sign ("X" Sign: improving the diagnosis of radicular compression by herniated lumbar disks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Alexandre Cecin

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available O autor, ao reiterar que o exame clínico continua sendo o pilar do exercício da medicina, propôs, anteriormente, uma nova manobra semiótica, o sinal "X" ou de Cecin, para aprimorar o diagnóstico da hérnia de disco lombar, e descreveu seus fundamentos biomecânicos. Entretanto, o desempenho diagnóstico dessa manobra ainda não foi formalmente avaliado. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: A manobra semiótica - Sinal de Cecin -, que consiste na flexão da coluna lombar e na realização simultânea da manobra de Valsalva, foi aplicada em 45 pacientes com lombociatalgia típica e herniação discal correspondente confirmada pela ressonância magnética (RM, e em 21 pacientes com lombalgia mecânica comum, sem ciatalgia e com RM normal. O sinal de Lasègue foi testado concomitantemente e a discordância e concordância entre as duas manobras foram avaliadas. RESULTADOS: Foi observada uma alta discrepância (P While reaffirming that the clinical exam still is the best medical practice, the author has proposed a new maneuver (Cecin‘s sign or "X" sign to help the diagnosis of herniated lumbar disk, describing its biomechanical bases. However, the diagnostic performance of this maneuver has not been formally tested. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The maneuver, which consists on the flexion of the lumbar spine while simultaneously performing the Valsalva maneuver, was tested in 45 patients with typical sciatic pain and herniated lumbar disk confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, and in 21 patients with simple mechanical back pain with normal MRI. Lasègue’s sign was investigated concomitantly and the concordance with the "X" sign was assessed. RESULTS: Concordance between the two tests was very low (Kappa = 0.17, Kappa <0.4 and discordance was statically significant (P <0.001. The "X" sign had a sensitivity of 73.3%, specificity of 95.2%, positive predictive level of 97.1%, and negative predictive level of 62.5% in the diagnosis of herniated lumbar disk by

  8. Reflexiones acerca de la enseñanza de la influencia de la alimentación en la evolución humana, en niños de quinto de primaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudy Cecilia Rátiva Avella

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo en cuenta los problemas mundiales que se presentan debido a la malnutrición; la alimentación y la nutrición humana, constituyen  temáticas de vital importancia en la enseñanza que se realiza a los niños de primaria, a temprana edad se deben brindar los conocimientos necesarios para poder influir en sus comportamientos alimenticios en  la edad adulta; por lo tanto se hacen necesarios procesos de reflexión docente afín de contribuir a mejorar las prácticas pedagógicas. En este artículo se presenta una reflexión sobre la importancia de desarrollar en el aula de clase de los niños de quinto de primaria la enseñanza de la alimentación desde una perspectiva histórica y biológica teniendo en cuenta la evolución humana y  la alimentación hoy, esta surge después de un proceso de reflexión y análisis de la práctica pedagógica, efectuada al analizar las respuestas proporcionadas al cuestionario semiestructurado  Representación del Contenido (ReCo, los resultados obtenidos establecen la importancia de implementar procesos de reflexión docente que permitan implementar diferentes estrategias de enseñanza mediante las cuales se  aborde temáticas socialmente relevantes desde diferentes perspectivas. Palabras claves: Alimentación y nutrición humana; Evolución humana; Representación de Contenido (ReCo; Reflexión docente; Enseñanza.   Abstract Taking into account the global problems that arise due to malnutrition, food and human nutrition, these are topics of vital importance in what is taught to children in primary school, because  early knowledge required to influence  eating behavior in adulthood must be provided; therefore  teaching reflection  processes in order to help improve teaching practices are necessary. This article reflects on the importance of developing in the classroom of children in fifth grade teaching power from a historical and biological perspective considering human evolution and food

  9. Las habilidades del pensamiento y el aprendizaje significativo en matemática de escolares de quinto grado en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Araya Ramírez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Este es un artículo en el cual se analizó cómo las habilidades de pensamiento de la observación, la inducción, el razonamiento hipotético-deductivo y la abstracción en la resolución de problemas, se presentan y potencian en los escolares de quinto grado, y cómo impactan en el aprendizaje al ser estimuladas durante el proceso de mediación pedagógica, en una escuela pública de la Dirección Regional de San José, circuito 02, en 2012. La metodología para recolectar la información consistió en: aplicar un pretest y un postest a 2 grupos de quinto grado (uno era el grupo control y el otro, el experimental, la muestra total fue de 60 estudiantes. Los test contaban con ejercicios para evaluar los procesos que intervienen en las habilidades del pensamiento investigadas; luego de aplicar el pretest al grupo experimental, se administró un plan institucional didáctico inteligente en matemática, con un enfoque constructivista; asimismo se sistematizaron los logros de los discentes en un diario de campo, y en una hoja de observación se anotaron los roles del educando y el docente, mientras se desarrollaba la lección. Finalmente, se entrevistó a una docente de quinto grado del grupo control, que imparte la asignatura de matemática. Los resultados obtenidos reflejaron que, si los procesos que involucran las habilidades del pensamiento son potenciados, el educando adquiere conocimientos y habilidades cada vez más complejas, que le permitan tener conciencia de cómo aprende. Se concluye que es necesario establecer en el aprendizaje de la matemática, un programa gradual para potenciar las habilidades de pensamiento por nivel escolar, respetando la madurez y el nivel cognitivo de los educandos. This article discusses how thinking skills of observation, induction, hypothetical-deductive reasoning and abstraction in solving problems arise and strengthened in fifth grade students and how the learning process is impacted when they are

  10. Influencia de las inteligencias múltiples en la elección de carreras profesionales en estudiantes de cuarto y quinto de secundaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Ríos Cubas

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar la influencia de las inteligencias múltiples en la elección de carreras profesionales en estudiantes del cuarto y quinto de secundaria del sistema educativo peruano. Métodos: La investigación es de alcance descriptivo correlacional con diseño transversal. En la recolección de datos se utilizaron los instrumentos, test de inteligencias múltiples e inventario de intereses profesionales de Angellini. La población investigada estuvo conformada por 13 459 alumnos con un nivel de confianza del 99% y 1,5% de error para cuarto grado y 1% de error para el quinto. Resultados: Se encontró que los estudiantes tienen mayor puntuación en las inteligencias intrapersonal (15,8%, lógico-matemática (14,1%, naturalista o ecológica (13,7% y musical o rítmica (12, 9% haciendo un total del 56,5%, y menor puntuación en las demás inteligencias como: verbal-lingüística, visual-espacial, kinestésica, interpersonal, humanista, religiosa-espiritual y sexual, las cuales representan un total de 43,5%. Por otro lado en relación a las áreas vocacionales se destacan las de ciencias físicas (34,6% y de ciencias biológicas (16,8% haciendo un total de 51,4%, mientras que el 48,6% se encuentra distribuido en las otras áreas. En la población de mujeres se destacaron las Inteligencias intrapersonal (18,9%, naturalista o ecológica (14,2% y musical o rítmica (13,8% con un total de 46,9% y el 53,1% están distribuidos en otras inteligencias. En el caso de varones se destacaron las inteligencias lógico-matemática (21,3%, naturalista o ecológica (13,2% e intrapersonal (12,2% con un total de 46,7%, y el 53,3% están distribuidas en otras inteligencias. Conclusiones: Existe relación entre las inteligencias múltiples y la elección del área de las carreras vocacionales, lo cual es importante para el desarrollo profesional.

  11. Comparação entre os efeitos da massoterapia e da placa miorrelaxante de Michigan sobre a dor e o sinal eletromiográfico de pacientes bruxistas com DTM: ensaio clínico controlado e randomizado.

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Daniel Ventura de

    2009-01-01

    A Disfunção Temporomandibular (DTM) é uma doença com alta prevalência, de etiologia multifatorial e que constitui um dos difíceis desafios para a saúde, quanto ao diagnóstico e o tratamento. O objetivo deste ensaio clínico controlado e randomizado, foi comparar os efeitos da massoterapia, da placa de Michigan e de ambas combinadas, sobre a dor e o sinal eletromiográfico de pacientes bruxistas com disfunção temporomandibular. A amostra foi composta por 60 sujeitos, divididos em 4 grupos. Deste...

  12. Equipamento microprocessado para geração de sinal de correção diferencial, em tempo real, para GPS Microprocessor-based equipment for real time generation of differential GPS correction signal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thales C. B. Lima

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta o desenvolvimento de um equipamento microprocessado, de baixo custo, para geração de sinal de correção diferencial para GPS, em tempo real, e configuração e supervisão do receptor GPS base. O equipamento desenvolvido possui um microcontrolador dedicado, display alfanumérico, teclado multifunção para configuração e operação do sistema e interfaces de comunicação. O circuito eletrônico do equipamento tem a função de receber as informações do GPS base e interpretá-las, transformando-as numa sentença no protocolo RTCM SC-104. O software do microcontrolador é responsável pela conversão do sinal recebido pelo GPS base, do formato proprietário para o protocolo RTCM SC-104. A placa processadora principal possui duas interfaces seriais padrão RS-232C. Uma delas tem a função de configuração e leitura das informações geradas pelo receptor GPS base. A outra atua somente como saída, enviando o sinal de correção diferencial. O projeto do equipamento microprocessado mostrou que é possível a construção de uma estação privada para a geração do sinal de correção diferencial, de baixo custo.This work presents the development of low cost microprocessor-based equipment for generation of differential GPS correction signal, in real time, and configuration and supervision of the GPS base. The developed equipment contains a dedicated microcontroller connected to the GPS receiver, alphanumeric display and multifunction keyboard for configuration and operation of the system and communication interfaces. The electronic circuit has the function of receiving the information from GPS base; interpret them, converting the sentence in the RTCM SC-104 protocol. The microcontroller software makes the conversion of the signal received by the GPS base from the specific format to RTCM SC-104 protocol. The processing main board has two serials RS-232C standard interfaces. One of them is used for configuration and

  13. Acción-actividad-relación al saber y lenguaje escrito en niños de quinto grado de una institución pública del municipio de Candelaria

    OpenAIRE

    Valencia Serrano, Marcela

    2014-01-01

    El propósito de esta investigación fue conocer la relación al saber (RAS) que establecen los estudiantes de quinto grado de educación básica con el lenguaje escrito. La pregunta que se planteó fue ¿Cuál es la relación al saber que establecen los niños de quinto grado de educación básica con el lenguaje escrito en las narraciones que hacen en los balances de saber? Se propusieron cuatro objetivos específicos: a) describir los aprendizajes intelectuales y escolares (AIE) sobre el lenguaje escri...

  14. Relação entre estilos de aprendizagem e rendimento acadêmico dos estudantes do quinto ano de medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Pellón

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o(s estilo(s de aprendizagem dos estudantes do quinto ano do curso de medicina que frequentaram a disciplina de Oftalmologia e o nível de relação com o seu rendimento acadêmico. MÉTODOS: Foram aplicados questionários de estilos de aprendizagem de Kolb e Programação Neurolinguística (PNL para determinar o estilo de aprendizagem dos estudantes e estes foram relacionados com as avaliações finais obtidas. As variáveis foram analisadas através do teste r de Pearson. RESULTADOS: Foi observado que existe relação entre as variáveis estilos de aprendizagem e rendimento acadêmico (p < 0,05. Segundo o modelo de Kolb os estudantes com estilo reflexivo obtiveram melhor rendimento e de acordo com o modelo PNL, foram os estudantes com estilo visual. CONCLUSÃO: As variáveis estilos de aprendizagem a partir dos modelos de PNL e Kolb atuam independentemente do rendimento acadêmico dos estudantes do curso de medicina, indicando predomínio dos estilos visual e reflexivo.

  15. Vital soil; function, value and properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doelman, P.; Eijsackers, H.J.P.

    2004-01-01

    Healthy soil, with active soil life, deters long-term soil degradation and ensures that geo-physical processes are undisturbed. Is the vitality of soil under threat due to human civilization? Or is it due to contamination, intensification, and deforestation? Vital Soil aims to look at the effects so

  16. Vital Soil: Function, Value and Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    This article is a review of the book, Vital Soil: Function, Value and Properties. Soil vitality has been defined as the ability of soil ecosystems to stay in balance in a changing world. The soil environment and the life that it supports developed over centuries and millennia, but careless human ac...

  17. Vital exhaustion and risk for cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergelt, Corinna; Christensen, Jane Hvarregaard; Prescott, Eva;

    2005-01-01

    Vital exhaustion, defined as feelings of depression and fatigue, has previously been investigated mainly as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The authors investigated the association between depressive feelings and fatigue as covered by the concept of vital exhaustion and the risk...

  18. Vital soil; function, value and properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doelman, P.; Eijsackers, H.J.P.

    2004-01-01

    Healthy soil, with active soil life, deters long-term soil degradation and ensures that geo-physical processes are undisturbed. Is the vitality of soil under threat due to human civilization? Or is it due to contamination, intensification, and deforestation? Vital Soil aims to look at the effects

  19. Sharing Vital Signs between mobile phone applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlen, Walter; Dumont, Guy A; Scheffer, Cornie

    2014-01-01

    We propose a communication library, ShareVitalSigns, for the standardized exchange of vital sign information between health applications running on mobile platforms. The library allows an application to request one or multiple vital signs from independent measurement applications on the Android OS. Compatible measurement applications are automatically detected and can be launched from within the requesting application, simplifying the work flow for the user and reducing typing errors. Data is shared between applications using intents, a passive data structure available on Android OS. The library is accompanied by a test application which serves as a demonstrator. The secure exchange of vital sign information using a standardized library like ShareVitalSigns will facilitate the integration of measurement applications into diagnostic and other high level health monitoring applications and reduce errors due to manual entry of information.

  20. Direct anterior composite veneers in vital and non-vital teeth: A retrospective clinical evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coelho-de-Souza, F.H.; Goncalves, D.S.; Sales, M.P.; Erhardt, M.C.; Correa, M.B.; Opdam, N.J.M.; Demarco, F.F.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This retrospective, longitudinal clinical study investigated the performance of direct veneers using different composites (microfilledxuniversal) in vital or non-vital anterior teeth. METHODS: Records from 86 patients were retrieved from a Dental School clinic, comprising 196 direct vene

  1. Does Ethnolinguistic Vitality Theory Account for the Actual Vitality of Ethnic Groups? A Critical Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagmur, Kutlay

    2011-01-01

    Ethnolinguistic vitality theory asserts that Status, Demographic, Institutional Support and Control factors make up the vitality of ethnolinguistic groups. An assessment of a group's strengths and weaknesses in each of these dimensions provides a rough classification of ethnolinguistic groups into those having low, medium, or high vitality. Low…

  2. Bruxismo na infância: um sinal de alerta para odontopediatras e pediatras Childhood bruxism: a warning sign to pediatric dentists and pediatricians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Baffi Diniz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar uma revisão de literatura sobre o bruxismo na infância, abordando os fatores etiológicos, as características clínicas, os sinais e sintomas, a importância do diagnóstico por parte dos pediatras e odontopediatras e o tratamento multidisciplinar desta condição parafuncional. FONTES DE DADOS: Foram selecionados os artigos mais relevantes sobre o tema publicados desde 1907 até 2007, com pesquisa realizada no Medline, na Bibliografia Brasileira de Odontologia (BBO e em livros de Odontologia. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: O bruxismo é definido como um hábito não funcional do sistema mastigatório, caracterizado pelo ato de ranger ou apertar os dentes, podendo ocorrer durante o dia e durante o sono. A etiologia é multifatorial e a literatura sugere vários fatores associados: dentário, fisiológico, psicológico e neurológico. As forças exercidas pelo bruxismo podem provocar distúrbios em diferentes graus nos dentes e nos tecidos de suporte, na musculatura e na articulação têmporo-mandibular. O sinal mais comum é o desgaste nas faces incisais dos dentes anteriores e oclusais nos posteriores, além de mobilidade e hipersensibilidade dentárias, fratura de cúspides e restaurações e hipertonicidade dos músculos mastigatórios. CONCLUSÃO: O conhecimento dos fatores etiológicos e das características clínicas do bruxismo na infância é fundamental para que o diagnóstico seja precoce, permitindo que pediatras, odontopediatras e psicólogos possam estabelecer um tratamento multidisciplinar e favoreçam o desenvolvimento integral da criança para a promoção de saúde e bem-estar individual.OBJECTIVE: To present a review of literature on childhood bruxism, including etiological factors, clinical characteristics, signs and symptoms, the importance of the diagnosis by pediatric dentists and pediatricians and the multidisciplinary management of this parafunctional condition. DATA SOURCE: The most relevant articles

  3. 46 CFR 119.710 - Piping for vital systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Piping for vital systems. 119.710 Section 119.710... Piping Systems § 119.710 Piping for vital systems. (a) Vital systems are those systems that are vital to...-vital system. (c) Piping used in a vital system must meet § 56.60 in subchapter F of this...

  4. Pesquisa epidemiológica dos óbitos maternos e o cumprimento do quinto objetivo de desenvolvimento do milênio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Boleta Fernandes

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo Identificar e descrever as características epidemiológicas dos óbitos maternos ocorridos entre 2000 a 2012 em um Hospital de referência no interior do Estado de São Paulo no intuito de colaborar para a análise do cumprimento do quinto Objetivo do Desenvolvimento do Milênio. Método Estudo epidemiológico, retrospectivo e transversal com a população de 58 óbitos maternos. Os dados foram coletados no segundo semestre de 2013 em prontuários e em declarações de óbitos e analisados pelo programa SPSS versão 13.0. Resultados Identificou-se a idade média de 29,11 anos, 56,9% com 1 a 3 gestações anteriores, 56,9% partos cesáreos, 84,5% das complicações maternas ocorreram durante a gestação e o puerpério, 81% dos óbitos ocorreram no puerpério, 56,9% dos óbitos foram classificados como causas diretas, sendo 44,8% mortes atribuídas à hipertensão arterial. Conclusão Há necessidade de investimento na assistência obstétrica para otimizar a diminuição das complicações no período gravídico puerperal a fim de reduzir a mortalidade materna.

  5. Genetic variants in VEGF pathway genes in neoadjuvant breast cancer patients receiving bevacizumab: Results from the randomized phase III GeparQuinto study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Alexander; Lambrechts, Diether; von Minckwitz, Gunter; Häberle, Lothar; Eidtmann, Holger; Tesch, Hans; Untch, Michael; Hilfrich, Jörn; Schem, Christian; Rezai, Mahdi; Gerber, Bernd; Dan Costa, Serban; Blohmer, Jens-Uwe; Schwedler, Kathrin; Kittel, Kornelia; Fehm, Tanja; Kunz, Georg; Beckmann, Matthias W; Ekici, Arif B; Hanusch, Claus; Huober, Jens; Liedtke, Cornelia; Mau, Christine; Moisse, Matthieu; Müller, Volkmar; Nekljudova, Valentina; Peuteman, Gilian; Rack, Brigitte; Rübner, Matthias; Van Brussel, Thomas; Wang, Liewei; Weinshilboum, Richard M; Loibl, Sibylle; Fasching, Peter A

    2015-12-15

    Studies assessing the effect of bevacizumab (BEV) on breast cancer (BC) outcome have shown different effects on progression-free and overall survival, suggesting that a subgroup of patients may benefit from this treatment. Unfortunately, no biomarkers exist to identify these patients. Here, we investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VEGF pathway genes correlate with pathological complete response (pCR) in the neoadjuvant GeparQuinto trial. HER2-negative patients were randomized into treatment arms receiving either BEV combined with standard chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. In a pre-planned biomarker study, DNA was collected from 729 and 724 patients, respectively from both treatment arms, and genotyped for 125 SNPs. Logistic regression assessed interaction between individual SNPs and both treatment arms to predict pCR. Five SNPs may be associated with a better response to BEV, but none of them remained significant after correction for multiple testing. The two SNPs most strongly associated, rs833058 and rs699947, were located upstream of the VEGF-A promoter. Odds ratios for the homozygous common, heterozygous and homozygous rare rs833058 genotypes were 2.36 (95% CI, 1.49-3.75), 1.20 (95% CI, 0.88-1.64) and 0.61 (95% CI, 0.34-1.12). Notably, some SNPs in VEGF-A exhibited a more pronounced effect in the triple-negative subgroup. Several SNPs in VEGF-A may be associated with improved pCR when receiving BEV in the neoadjuvant setting. Although none of the observed effects survived correction for multiple testing, our observations are consistent with previous studies on BEV efficacy in BC. Further research is warranted to clarify the predictive value of these markers.

  6. Forms of vitality play in infancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Español, Silvia; Martínez, Mauricio; Bordoni, Mariana; Camarasa, Rosario; Carretero, Soledad

    2014-12-01

    In this paper we report a qualitative study based on the constant comparative method to initiate the systematic study of forms of vitality play. This is an unnoticed non-figurative play frame linked to early social play and temporal arts in which child and adult elaborate the dynamics of their own movements and sounds in a repetition-variation form. In the introduction we present the theoretical underpinnings and the sporadic observations we have done in previous studies. Then, by the iterative observations of the recorded material of a longitudinal case study on play during the third year of life, we generated the general category of forms of vitality play and four subcategories of display modes of forms of vitality play (improvised forms of vitality play, ritualized forms of vitality play, forms of vitality play combined with pretend play, and forms of vitality play combined with role playing) which are illustrated with descriptive narratives. We discuss the properties of the developed categories, the limits of the present study, and the need to continue systematizing the research on this playful activity.

  7. Impaired vitality form recognition in autism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochat, Magali J; Veroni, Vania; Bruschweiler-Stern, Nadia; Pieraccini, Cinzia; Bonnet-Brilhault, Frédérique; Barthélémy, Catherine; Malvy, Joëlle; Sinigaglia, Corrado; Stern, Daniel N; Rizzolatti, Giacomo

    2013-08-01

    Along with the understanding of the goal of an action ("what" is done) and the intention underlying it ("why" it is done), social interactions largely depend on the appraisal of the action from the dynamics of the movement: "how" it is performed (its "vitality form"). Do individuals with autism, especially children, possess this capacity? Here we show that, unlike typically developing individuals, individuals with autism reveal severe deficits in recognizing vitality forms, and their capacity to appraise them does not improve with age. Deficit in vitality form recognition appears, therefore, to be a newly recognized trait marker of autism.

  8. Vitalism and vital normativeness: Hahnemann and Canguilhem Vitalismo y normatividad vital: Hahnemann and Canguilhem Vitalismo e normatividade vital: Hahnemann and Canguilhem

    OpenAIRE

    Luz,Madel T; Denise Scofano

    2008-01-01

    The present paper reviews Vitalism as the basis for S. Hahnemann’s initial formulation of Homeopathy through the lens of the notions of Vitalism and vital normativeness formulated in the 20th century by French physician and historian of science Georges Canguilhem. Hahnemann described disease as a disarrangement of the organism as a whole, carrying the mark of the individual affected. Similarly, Canguilhem stated that symptoms only have meaning within their specific context and express...

  9. National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) Mortality data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 2001 to 2013. NVSS is a secure, web-based data management system that collects and disseminates the Nation's official vital statistics. Data for this dataset has...

  10. Vital directions for mathematics education research

    CERN Document Server

    Leatham, Keith R

    2013-01-01

    In this book, experts discuss vital issues in mathematics education and what they see as viable directions for research in mathematics education to address them. Their recommendations take the form of overarching principles and ideas that cut across the field.

  11. CDC Vital Signs: Recipe for Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... VitalSigns RSS Error processing SSI file Recipe for Food Safety Protecting people from deadly Listeria food poisoning Recommend ... for food production, like those included in the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) , so that food doesn't ...

  12. Vitality and storage condition of Syringa pollen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOULi; LUOFeng-xia; DAILi-min; ZHANGHui-hua

    2003-01-01

    The fresh pollen vitality,the effect of different storage conditions on the pollen vitality,and the difference of vitality among the species of seven species of Syringa were determined in Shenyang,China.The results indicated that the pollen vitality (81.5%) of Syringa villosa was the highest among the seven tested species,followed by S.microphylla and S.meyeri,and that of S.oblata var.affinis was the lowest.The low temperature was the best condition for storage of pollen of Syringa,and the most proper temperature for the storage was 0-2℃.The storability of S.microphylla was the best of all,and it could be stored over 60 days at the temperature of 0-2℃,next was S.villosa and S.meyeri.

  13. HEALTH, VITAL GOALS, AND CENTRAL HUMAN CAPABILITIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatapuram, Sridhar

    2013-01-01

    I argue for a conception of health as a person's ability to achieve or exercise a cluster of basic human activities. These basic activities are in turn specified through free-standing ethical reasoning about what constitutes a minimal conception of a human life with equal human dignity in the modern world. I arrive at this conception of health by closely following and modifying Lennart Nordenfelt's theory of health which presents health as the ability to achieve vital goals. Despite its strengths I transform Nordenfelt's argument in order to overcome three significant drawbacks. Nordenfelt makes vital goals relative to each community or context and significantly reflective of personal preferences. By doing so, Nordenfelt's conception of health faces problems with both socially relative concepts of health and subjectively defined wellbeing. Moreover, Nordenfelt does not ever explicitly specify a set of vital goals. The theory of health advanced here replaces Nordenfelt's (seemingly) empty set of preferences and society-relative vital goals with a human species-wide conception of basic vital goals, or ‘central human capabilities and functionings’. These central human capabilities come out of the capabilities approach (CA) now familiar in political philosophy and economics, and particularly reflect the work of Martha Nussbaum. As a result, the health of an individual should be understood as the ability to achieve a basic cluster of beings and doings—or having the overarching capability, a meta-capability, to achieve a set of central or vital inter-related capabilities and functionings. PMID:22420910

  14. Health, vital goals, and central human capabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatapuram, Sridhar

    2013-06-01

    I argue for a conception of health as a person's ability to achieve or exercise a cluster of basic human activities. These basic activities are in turn specified through free-standing ethical reasoning about what constitutes a minimal conception of a human life with equal human dignity in the modern world. I arrive at this conception of health by closely following and modifying Lennart Nordenfelt's theory of health which presents health as the ability to achieve vital goals. Despite its strengths I transform Nordenfelt's argument in order to overcome three significant drawbacks. Nordenfelt makes vital goals relative to each community or context and significantly reflective of personal preferences. By doing so, Nordenfelt's conception of health faces problems with both socially relative concepts of health and subjectively defined wellbeing. Moreover, Nordenfelt does not ever explicitly specify a set of vital goals. The theory of health advanced here replaces Nordenfelt's (seemingly) empty set of preferences and society-relative vital goals with a human species-wide conception of basic vital goals, or 'central human capabilities and functionings'. These central human capabilities come out of the capabilities approach (CA) now familiar in political philosophy and economics, and particularly reflect the work of Martha Nussbaum. As a result, the health of an individual should be understood as the ability to achieve a basic cluster of beings and doings-or having the overarching capability, a meta-capability, to achieve a set of central or vital inter-related capabilities and functionings.

  15. INTERACCIONES Y CONTRIBUCIONES. FORMA DE PARTICIPACIÓN DE ESTUDIANTES DE QUINTO GRADO EN AMBIENTES DE MODELACIÓN MATEMÁTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Marcela Parra-Zapata

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La literatura internacional llama la atención sobre la importancia de promover espacios de participación en ambientes de aprendizaje de la matemática escolar; sin embargo la cantidad de investigaciones que se ocupe de estudiarla en ambientes de modelación en educación primaria es insuficiente. En este sentido, se desarrolló una investigación en la cual se indagó las maneras cómo un grupo de estudiantes participó en ambientes que incluían algunas características de la perspectiva socio-crítica de la modelación matemática, entre ellas, la posibilidad de negociación, de discusión y el cuestionamiento del rol de las matemáticas en los fenómenos y en la sociedad. La investigación fue cualitativa y en ella participaron 27 estudiantes de quinto grado (9-11 años de una institución educativa de la Ciudad de Medellín. Para analizar la participación de los estudiantes se utilizaron entrevistas, observación participante y documentos. Se centró la atención en las manifestaciones orales y escritas, las acciones y las explicaciones de los estudiantes en dos (2 episodios ocurridos en ambientes de modelación matemática. Los resultados permitieron identificar que cuando los estudiantes se involucran en ambientes que promueven su participación, se comprometen con la descripción e interpretación de las situaciones a estudiar, la matematización de relaciones propias de la situación y la interpretación y el análisis de las soluciones propuestas. En consecuencia, se logró analizar y caracterizar las interacciones y las contribuciones como una forma de participación. Los resultados ofrecen una comprensión de la participación de los estudiantes en ambientes de modelación matemática, y por tanto, algunas nociones y aportes teóricos en Educación Matemática.

  16. Uma engenharia didática para o ensino das operações com números racionais por meio de calculadora para o quinto ano do ensino fundamental

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Antonio Sergio dos Santos de

    2015-01-01

    O presente trabalho teve por objetivo levar um grupo de estudantes do quinto ano do ensino fundamental a construir significado para as regras operatórias fundamentais com números fracionários a partir da utilização de calculadoras científicas com representação fracionária. Com esse intuito, desenvolvemos uma sequência de ensino com quatro alunos de uma escola pública situada na periferia de Belém/PA e como aporte teórico utilizamos a Teoria das Situações Didáticas (TSD) e a Teoria de Registro...

  17. La enseñanza de las destrezas orales de la Lengua Inglesa a través de la Educación Emocional: propuesta de intervención para quinto curso de Educación Primaria

    OpenAIRE

    Riatós-Casabayó, Gemma

    2015-01-01

    En el presente trabajo exponemos una propuesta de intervención educativa, con el fin de mejorar las destrezas orales de los alumnos en la asignatura de inglés, a través de la Educación Emocional. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es diseñar una propuesta de intervención para desarrollar las destrezas orales de Lengua Inglesa para quinto curso de Primaria, partiendo de la Educación Emocional como centro de interés, acorde al marco teórico desarrollado sobre la misma y la competencia comunicativa ...

  18. Larva de quinto estádio e pupa de Opsiphanes quiteria meridionalis Staudinger (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Brassolinae Fifth larval instar and pupa of Opsiphanes quiteria meridionalis Staudinger (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidade, Brassolinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirna Martins Casagrande

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available É apresentada a descrição da larva de quinto estádio e pupa de Opsiphanes quiteria meridionalis Staudinger, 1877 de material proveniente do sul do Brasil. Os imaturos, exceto ovo, e o adulto são ilustrados. Larvas alimentam-se de Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham. Glassman (Arecaceae.Descriptions of the fifth instar and pupa of Opsiphanes quiteria meridionalis Staudinger, 1877 from material reared in southern Brazil are presented. The immatures, except egg and the adult are illustrated. The larvae feed on leaves of Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham. Glassman (Arecaceae.

  19. 46 CFR 182.710 - Piping for vital systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Piping for vital systems. 182.710 Section 182.710... TONS) MACHINERY INSTALLATION Piping Systems § 182.710 Piping for vital systems. (a) Vital systems are... section is a non-vital system. (c) Piping used in a vital system must: (1) Be composed of...

  20. An Examination of the Validity of the Subjective Vitality Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, Jessica R.; Barker, Valerie; Giles, Howard

    2009-01-01

    The concept of group "vitality" was developed over 30 years ago to assist in understanding of power relations between language groups. However, vitality has also been an important consideration when attempting to understand intergroup relations more generally. Vitality researchers distinguish "subjective" vitality from "objective" vitality. This…

  1. The vital signs of chronic disease management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harries, Anthony D; Zachariah, Rony; Kapur, Anil; Jahn, Andreas; Enarson, Donald A

    2009-06-01

    The vital signs of pulse rate, blood pressure, temperature and respiratory rate are the 'nub' of individual patient management. At the programmatic level, vital signs could also be used to monitor the burden and treatment outcome of chronic disease. Case detection and treatment outcome constitute the vital signs of tuberculosis control within the WHO's 'DOTS' framework, and similar vital signs could be adapted and used for management of chronic diseases. The numbers of new patients started on therapy in each month or quarter (new incident cases) are sensitive indicators for programme performance and access to services. Using similar reporting cycles, treatment outcomes for all patients can be assessed, the vital signs being: alive and retained on therapy at the respective facility; died; stopped therapy; lost to follow-up; and transferred out to another facility. Retention on treatment constitutes the prevalent number of cases, the burden of disease, and this provides important strategic information for rational drug forecasting and logistic planning. If case numbers and outcomes of chronic diseases were measured reliably and consistently as part of an integrated programmatic approach, this would strengthen the ability of resource-poor countries to monitor and assess their response to these growing epidemics.

  2. Vitality and time course of wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehmichen, M

    2004-09-10

    The term "wound" describes the morphologic-functional disruption of the continuity of a tissue structure. A wound can be inflicted during life--when the cardiovascular and respiratory system is still intact--or after death, i.e. after cardiac and respiratory arrest. Traumatization during life triggers vital reactions that do not occur in postmortem wounds. Three types of vital reactions in wound healing can be distinguished: Reactions of the scavenger type, which are almost exclusively mediated by blood cells. Reactions by complex signal transduction pathways, which involves cascade-like release of chemokines, cytokines and adhesion molecules and may influence type 1 and type 3 reactions. Reactions of the scarring type, which involve the final repair of the damaged tissue and are carried out primarily by cells residing at the wound edges, i.e. partly concerning mesenchymal cells and partly tissue-specific cells dependent on the involved organ system. The three different types of reaction follow roughly parallel temporal courses that include cascade-like interactions among themselves. Whereas demonstration of a vital reaction suffices to differentiate an intravital wound from a postmortem wound, the vital reactions themselves follow strictly temporal courses. The regular time-dependent occurrence of each phenomenon allows--in limits--a reliable temporal classification of wound healing. A review will be given especially demonstrating the actual German scientific research in vitality and in skin wound timing as well as in timing of mechanical injury of the brain.

  3. From Vitality to Vital Exhaustion and Other States of "Tense Tiredness": A New Biopsychosocial Risk Domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozanski, Alan; Cohen, Randy

    2017-04-01

    Fatigue is a common prodromal symptom for various medical conditions, including acute myocardial infarction. Fatigue is also the core component of vital exhaustion, which consists of a specific triad: excessive fatigue, increased irritability, and feelings of demoralization. In this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, Frestad and Prescott present a meta-analysis of 16 studies, involving 53,337 participants, which found vital exhaustion to be associated with an increased risk of incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and recurrent cardiac events among individuals with established CHD. After discussing methodological limitations of the studies included in this meta-analysis, we describe these findings in terms of a larger genre of risk that is biopsychosocial in origin and tied to two types of tiredness: "calm tiredness" and "tense tiredness." The former is regenerative, while the latter enhances disease risk. We propose that besides vital exhaustion, other symptoms of negative affect may combine with tiredness to produce increased clinical risk, such as the presence of depressed mood, an inability to relax or recover after work, and symptoms of burnout. We further propose that vital exhaustion can be considered as part of a larger paradigm, ranging from a positive state of vitality to a negative state of exhaustion of vitality. We conclude this editorial by emphasizing the importance of improving vitality and the need to clarify biobehavioral mechanisms that play a role in the association between vital exhaustion and adverse CHD outcomes. New interventions are needed that target reducing exhaustion and improving vitality for individuals at high risk of CHD.

  4. TESTING OF PULP VITALITY BY PULSOXIMETRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela CIOBANU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The methods applied for diagnosing the health condition of the pulp tissue are numerous, however, nowadays, an increasingly higher number of conventional tests are replaced by some objective, non-invasive, painless and reliable tests. Among them, pulse oximetry is a method for the investigation of pulp vitality based on oxygen saturation (SaO2 of the hemoglobin from the blood present in the pulp vascular bed, as a means of differentiating among the vital and the non-vital teeth. In the present study, registrations were made on a group of 120 frontal maxillary teeth, in patients with ages between 20 and 40 years, on using a digital sensor modified by the pulse oximeter with which the pulse and the values of oxygen saturation were measured at the level of both teeth and right hand finger. The mean SaO2 value in the pulp blood of the vital teeth was of 83.30% for the central incisor, of 78.51% for the lateral one and of 84.56%, respectively, for the canine; the value recorded at finger level was of 97%. In the non-vital teeth, the SaO2 value measured on the pulse oximeter was of 0%. Pulse registration showed mean values of 70.56 beatings/min at tooth level and of 70.88 beatings/min, respectively, at finger level. The results of the present study may confirm that pulse oximetry represents a simple, non-traumatic, efficient and objective method for testing the vitality condition of the dental pulp.

  5. [Evaluation of vital constants. 18th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez González, Natividad; Ortega Martínez, Carmen

    2002-05-01

    The evaluation of patients' vital statistics is part of health care and in many cases this is the first step in knowing what is the health status of a patient. Therefore, we are interested in analysing what knowledge nurses had regarding these vital statistics during the 18th century, how they evaluated these statistics and what treatment they applied in order to maintain or balance them whenever they became unstable. A manual written by a nurse in the 18th century in order to aid her colleagues in their treatment of patients is the source of the authors' research material.

  6. Objective Local Vitality and Linguistic Networks as Predictors of Perceived Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincze, László; Harwood, Jake

    2014-01-01

    The present paper investigates the relationship between objective ethnolinguistic vitality, individual networks of linguistic contacts (INLCs) and perceived vitality among German-speaking (N = 415) and Italian-speaking (N = 379) adolescents in South Tyrol, Italy. Supporting our hypothesis, we found that INLC has a greater effect on perceived…

  7. The survival of vital and non-vital deciduous molar teeth following pulpotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, M W

    2007-09-01

    There is scant evidence supporting the criteria for establishing the suitability of a deciduous molar for a pulpotomy. Although some criteria, such as patient age, are logical the importance of other factors on tooth survival has not been established. All pulpotomies performed at 20 school dental clinics over a period of 15 months were reported together with date of birth, gender, tooth treated, presenting signs and symptoms, pulp status and date and method of treatment. Operators performed the treatment according to their usual procedures. Data were analysed statistically using Statview 5.0 (SAS Institute). The outcome of pulpotomy of 465 deciduous teeth in 403 patients was evaluated. The mean age of the patients was 7.4 +/- 0.1 years. Two hundred and seventy-two teeth were vital and 193 were non-vital. One hundred and ninety-six teeth were treated with the one-step formocresol method and 269 with the two-step formocresol method. The age and gender of the patients did not differ between the vital and non-vital groups. There was no influence of mode of treatment on the asymptomatic survival of the teeth in the mouth. The median survival times were significantly longer in vital (32.7 +/- 1.4 months) than non-vital teeth (20.4 +/- 3.0 months; p < 0.0001). The only factors significantly influencing the survival of pulpotomized teeth were the age of the patient (p < 0.0001), the non-vitality of the pulp (p < 0.0001) and the presence of a radiolucency (p = 0.031). Both vital and non-vital teeth were able to survive for extended periods following pulpotomy but the presence of an associated radiolucency or a non-vital pulp at the time of treatment is negatively associated with time of survival.

  8. CDC Vital Signs: Preventing Teen Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 0:60 seconds] On Other Web Sites MedlinePlus - Teenage Pregnancy MedlinePlus - Birth Control The Doctor's Channel: CDC Vital Signs Long Acting Reversible Contraception [VIDEO - 3:30 minutes] Top of ... HHS/Open USA.gov Top

  9. Vital Signs-Preventing Norovirus Outbreaks

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-06-03

    This podcast is based on the June 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Norovirus infects about 20 million Americans each year. Learn how to protect yourself and your family from this very contagious, potentially serious illness.  Created: 6/3/2014 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 6/3/2014.

  10. 命门探究%Vital Traceability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波; 戴小华; 孙孟林

    2012-01-01

    On vital gate, documented different opinions, there are prostate theory, gonads theory , brain theory, the sinus node theory, adrenal theory, the control system theory, the endocrine system theory, the vital and kidney one theory,the innate instinct vigor hypothesis , the world and yin and yang of the human body bipolar hypothesis, and so on. In this paper, regardless of anatomical localization, physiological functions and pathological features, vital gate and the adrenal surprisingly similar, so we speculated that adrenal may be known as the vital gate.%关于命门,文献记载不一,众说纷纭,有前列腺论、生殖腺论、脑论、窦房结论、肾上腺论、调控系统论、内分泌系统论、命门与肾一体论、先天本能活力假说、人体内天地阴阳两极假说等多种理论.作者研究发现命门不论是在解剖定位上,还是在生理功能及病理特征上,都与肾上腺有惊人的相似,因此我们推测肾上腺很可能就是所说的命门.

  11. Vital Signs-Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-10-07

    This podcast is based on the October 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Motor vehicle crashes are costly and preventable. Learn what can be done to help prevent motor vehicle injuries.  Created: 10/7/2014 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 10/7/2014.

  12. The Economic Vitality Formula of Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konopnicki, Patrick M.

    2012-01-01

    An economic vitality formula of success can be accomplished by creating partnerships between local career and technical education (CTE), and workforce development and economic development entities. Student industry certifications; dynamic partnerships; programs and projects focused on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); and…

  13. "A Vital Role in Uncertain Times"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Melanie

    2009-01-01

    The adult learning and skills sector is a diverse world, encompassing adult and community learning, apprenticeships, Train to Gain, and contracted employment programmes. The learning and skills sector plays a vital role in uncertain times by giving greater opportunities for social mobility, for example by supporting progression to further and…

  14. Entrepreneurship Education: A Vital Instrument for Youth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof

    of entrepreneurial education as a vital tool for youth empowerment in Nigeria to ... one is at the apex of one's physical strength, undergoing significant changes in ... of processes through which disenfranchised social groups work to change ... to social cohesion and democratic values, EE must be seen as is a crucial tool for.

  15. The Economic Vitality Formula of Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konopnicki, Patrick M.

    2012-01-01

    An economic vitality formula of success can be accomplished by creating partnerships between local career and technical education (CTE), and workforce development and economic development entities. Student industry certifications; dynamic partnerships; programs and projects focused on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); and…

  16. Rating the Vitality of Sign Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickford, J. Albert; Lewis, M. Paul; Simons, Gary F.

    2015-01-01

    The Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS), developed by Lewis and Simons and based on work by Fishman, provides a means of rating "language vitality"--the level of development or endangerment--where "development" is understood as adding or preserving functions and "endangerment" as loss of…

  17. Actitud de los alumnos de quinto de medicina hacia la salud mental Medicine 5th course student's attitudes towards mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inmaculada Gilaberte

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. El estigma social que persiste hacia la enfermedad mental puede estar presente en los estudiantes de medicina e impactar en la forma de considerar ésta y la psiquiatría como especialidad. Objetivo. Investigar la actitud hacia la enfermedad mental y la psiquiatría en una muestra de estudiantes. Sujetos y métodos. Se realizó una encuesta estructurada, voluntaria y anónima a los 27 estudiantes de quinto curso del grado de medicina de la Universidad San Pablo-CEU de Madrid. La encuesta incluía un cuestionario sobre el nivel de familiaridad hacia la enfermedad mental, el cuestionario de actitud hacia la enfermedad mental (AMI y el cuestionario adaptado de Balon sobre la actitud hacia la psiquiatría. Resultados. Un total de 22 alumnos respondió la encuesta (72,7% mujeres. Estos alumnos presentaron una alta familiaridad con la enfermedad mental (puntuación media: 7,27; máximo: 11. El 81,8% refirieron una actitud positiva hacia la enfermedad mental (escala AMI. Las puntuaciones de la escala de Balon también mostraron un nivel alto de acuerdo en los méritos globales de la psiquiatría y en la eficacia de ésta. Tampoco las respuestas respecto al rol y función del psiquiatra y a la carrera profesional revelaron una postura negativa. No hubo relación entre la familiaridad y la actitud hacia la enfermedad mental o hacia la psiquiatría. Conclusiones. En esta muestra no se evidencia la existencia de estigma hacia la enfermedad mental o hacia la psiquiatría. Posteriores estudios en muestras más amplias y evaluaciones de la enseñanza de la psiquiatría son necesarios para profundizar en este tema.Introduction. Medicine students could share that stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness and Psychiatry as specialty. Aim. To investigate the attitudes of medical students towards the mental disease and the psychiatry. Subjects and methods. 27 medicine 5th course students from San Pablo-CEU University were interviewed with a

  18. RELACIÓN ENTRE LA INTELIGENCIA EMOCIONAL Y EL RENDIMIENTO ACADÉMICO EN LA ASIGNATURA DE COMUNICACIÓN EN ESTUDIANTES DEL QUINTO AÑO DE EDUCACIÓN SECUNDARIA DEL COLEGIO INDUSTRIAL SIMÓN BOLÍVAR, JULIACA

    OpenAIRE

    Machaca Tito, Celia Soledad

    2014-01-01

    La presente investigación se realizó con una población de 92 estudiantes, de quienes se escogieron aleatoriamente 196 estudiantes del quinto año de educación secundaria del Colegio Industrial Simón Bolívar, Juliaca, matriculados en el periodo académico 2014; tuvo el objetivo de identificar la relación que existe entre la inteligencia emocional y el rendimiento académico en la asignatura de Comunicación en estudiantes del quinto año de educación secundaria del Colegio I...

  19. Hot and Cold Ethnicities: Modes of Ethnolinguistic Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents the summary of the special issue of "JMMD" "Ethnolinguistic vitality". The volume shows convincingly that ethnolinguistic vitality perceptions as measured by standard methodology such as the Subjective Ethnolinguistic Vitality Questionnaires (SEVQ) are not reliable indicators of actual vitality. Evidence that ethnolinguistic…

  20. Computer analysis of slow vital capacity spirograms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primiano, F P; Bacevice, A E; Lough, M D; Doershuk, C F

    1982-01-01

    We have developed a digital computer program which evaluates the vital capacity and its subdivisions, expiratory reserve volume and inspiratory capacity. The algorithm examines the multibreath spirogram, a continuous record of quiet breathing interspersed among repeated slow, large volume maneuvers. Quiet breaths are recognized by comparing features of each breath to the respective average and variation of these features for all breaths. A self-scaling, iterative procedure is used to identify those end-tidal points that most likely represent the subject's functional residual capacity. A least-squared error baseline is then fit through these points to partition the vital capacity. Twenty-three spirograms from patients with documented pulmonary disease were independently analyzed by the computer, a pulmonary function technician, and the laboratory supervisor. No practical differences were found among the results. However, the computer's values, in contrast to those of the technician, were reproducible on repeated trials and free of computational and transcriptional errors.

  1. Ansiedad y acontecimientos vitales en adolescentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Moreno

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se examina la posible relación entre acontecimientos vitales (AV y ansiedad en población adolescente. Para la evaluación de AV se ha usado el AV.I.A (Inventarlo de Acontecimeintos Vitales en Infancia y Adolescencia (adaptado de P. Morató y para la evaluación de la ansiedad, el S.T.A.I.C. (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory of Children (Spielberger, 1973. La muestra consta de 695 adolescentes de 14 a 15 años de edad. Los resultados muestran que un mayor número de AV negativos repercute en la elevación de las tasas de ansiedad.

  2. Vital nodes identification in complex networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Linyuan; Chen, Duanbing; Ren, Xiao-Long; Zhang, Qian-Ming; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Zhou, Tao

    2016-09-01

    Real networks exhibit heterogeneous nature with nodes playing far different roles in structure and function. To identify vital nodes is thus very significant, allowing us to control the outbreak of epidemics, to conduct advertisements for e-commercial products, to predict popular scientific publications, and so on. The vital nodes identification attracts increasing attentions from both computer science and physical societies, with algorithms ranging from simply counting the immediate neighbors to complicated machine learning and message passing approaches. In this review, we clarify the concepts and metrics, classify the problems and methods, as well as review the important progresses and describe the state of the art. Furthermore, we provide extensive empirical analyses to compare well-known methods on disparate real networks, and highlight the future directions. In spite of the emphasis on physics-rooted approaches, the unification of the language and comparison with cross-domain methods would trigger interdisciplinary solutions in the near future.

  3. Vital nodes identification in complex networks

    CERN Document Server

    Lü, Linyuan; Ren, Xiao-Long; Zhang, Qian-Ming; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Zhou, Tao

    2016-01-01

    Real networks exhibit heterogeneous nature with nodes playing far different roles in structure and function. To identify vital nodes is thus very significant, allowing us to control the outbreak of epidemics, to conduct advertisements for e-commercial products, to predict popular scientific publications, and so on. The vital nodes identification attracts increasing attentions from both computer science and physical societies, with algorithms ranging from simply counting the immediate neighbors to complicated machine learning and message passing approaches. In this review, we clarify the concepts and metrics, classify the problems and methods, as well as review the important progresses and describe the state of the art. Furthermore, we provide extensive empirical analyses to compare well-known methods on disparate real networks, and highlight the future directions. In despite of the emphasis on physics-rooted approaches, the unification of the language and comparison with cross-domain methods would trigger int...

  4. CDC Vital Signs-Heroin Epidemic

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-07-07

    This podcast is based on the July 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Heroin use and heroin-related overdose deaths are increasing. Most people are using it with other drugs, especially prescription opioid painkillers. Learn what can be done to prevent and treat the problem.  Created: 7/7/2015 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 7/7/2015.

  5. Vital Signs-Alcohol Poisoning Deaths

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-01-06

    This podcast is based on the January 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. In the United States, an average of six people die every day from alcohol poisoning. Learn what you can do to prevent binge drinking and alcohol poisoning.  Created: 1/6/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/6/2015.

  6. Vital Signs-Preventing Prescription Drug Overdose

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-07-01

    This podcast is based on the July 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Every day, 46 people in the U.S. die from an overdose of prescription opioid painkillers. Learn what can be done to make painkiller prescribing safer and help prevent overdoses.  Created: 7/1/2014 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 7/1/2014.

  7. Vital Signs-Preventing Teen Pregnancy

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-04-07

    This podcast is based on the April 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Teen births in the U.S. have declined, but still, more than 273,000 infants were born to teens ages 15 to 19 in 2013. Learn about the most effective types of birth control.  Created: 4/7/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 4/7/2015.

  8. CDC Vital Signs-Preventing Melanoma

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-06-02

    This podcast is based on the June 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the U.S. In 2011, there were more than 65,000 cases of melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer. Learn how everyone can help prevent skin cancer.  Created: 6/2/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 6/2/2015.

  9. Digital literacy: A vital competence for 2010?

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    International audience; People are living in a fast changing world today in both their business and personal lives. With the rate of change in technology continuing at Gordon Moore's 1965 predictions [1], what competencies are needed to take full advantage of today's Knowledge Society? The EU has recognised the need for digital literacy and has included this in the definition of eInclusion [2]. This paper defines digital literacy as a competence which is vital for all citizens, examines the c...

  10. Characterizing System Failure Curves with Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Salinger et al. (2006). ⎤ ⎥ (2) The vitality model based on Eq. (2) assumes all individuals are initially identical, which is in fact violated...coefficients The coefficients in Eq. (4) can be estimated with maximum likelihood techniques developed by Salinger et al. (2003) and modified by Li...with special reference to chronic radiation mortality. Radiology, 76, 250–257. Salinger , D. H., J. J. Anderson, and O. S. Hamel, 2003: A parameter

  11. Extracting vital signs with smartphone camera

    OpenAIRE

    GARCÍA PLO, MIGUEL

    2017-01-01

    Desarrollo de una app para sistema operativo Android. Hallar mediante la cámara de un dispositivo móvil el pulso de un paciente. Se utilizarán técnicas de procesado de imagen y la librería openCV. García Plo, M. (2016). Extracting vital signs with smartphone camera. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/80419. TFGM

  12. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia with syncope as a sign of neck cancer recurrence Neuralgia glossofaríngea com síncope como um sinal de recidiva de câncer do pescoço

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Teixeira Ribeiro

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Glossopharyngeal neuralgia with syncope as a sign of neck cancer is a very rare condition. A review of the literature revealed only 29 cases formerly reported. We present the first Brazilian case of such association. A 68-year-old man presented with paroxysmal excruciating pain over the right side of the neck, sometimes followed by syncope. Given the suspicion of recurrent tumor from a previously treated neck malignancy, a computed tomography scan was performed and a right parapharyngeal tumor was shown. Pain and syncope were successfully controlled with carbamazepine and the patient underwent palliative radiotherapy.Neuralgia glossofaríngea com síncope como um sinal de câncer do pescoço é uma condição muito rara. Uma revisão da literatura revelou apenas 29 casos relatados anteriormente. Apresentamos o primeiro caso brasileiro de tal associação. Um homem de 68 anos se apresentou com dores paroxísticas insuportáveis no lado direito do pescoço, algumas vezes seguidas de síncope. Dada a suspeita de recidiva tumoral derivada de uma malignidade cervical tratada previamente, realizou-se um exame de tomografia computadorizada que evidenciou um tumor parafaríngeo direito. As dores e as síncopes foram controladas satisfatoriamente com carbamazepina e o paciente foi submetido à radioterapia paliativa.

  13. Las TIC en el rendimiento académico en estudiantes del grado quinto de la I.E.D Friedrich Naumann ( Usaquén Bogotá)

    OpenAIRE

    Cubides Vargas, Fernando; Rojas López, Carmen Senovia

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este proyecto busca establecer si el uso de las TIC facilita y cualifica el rendimiento académico en los estudiantes del grado quinto de la I.E.D. Friedrich Naumann de Usaquén Bogotá; determinar si la calidad en el uso y los tiempos empleados por los estudiantes corresponde a sus resultados académicos e identificar el aporte de las prácticas pedagógicas de los docentes de este grado a través del uso de equipos tecnológicos. También se busca dejar las bases teóricas y ...

  14. Comer mejor y moverse más: programa contra la obesidad y sobrepeso en alumnos del quinto y sexto grado de la escuela primaria “José María Leyva”, Hermosillo, Sonora

    OpenAIRE

    Brianda Cecilia Serecer Varela; Julio Alfredo García Puga

    2015-01-01

    El aumento mundial de sobrepeso y obesidad es atribuible a factores como dieta con aumento de la ingesta de alimentos hipercalóricos y disminución de la actividad física. El objetivo fue evaluar un programa de intervención cuya meta era disminuir el IMC en niños de quinto y sexto grado en una escuela primaria de Hermosillo, Sonora. El programa se implementó de diciembre de 2013 a junio de 2014 en tres etapas: por Enfermería, Nutrición, y Cultura física y deporte, y se logró reducir el Índice ...

  15. Vital Signs-Cervical Cancer is Preventable!

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-11-05

    This podcast is based on the November 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Every visit to a doctor or nurse is an opportunity to prevent cervical cancer. Women can get a Pap test and HPV test to help prevent cervical cancer and adolescent boys and girls can get the HPV vaccination series to help prevent cervical and other cancers.  Created: 11/5/2014 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 11/5/2014.

  16. CDC Vital Signs-Heart Age

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-09-01

    This podcast is based on the September 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Your heart age is the age of your heart and blood vessels as a result of your risk factors for heart attack and stroke. If you smoke or have high blood pressure, your heart age will be much higher than your actual age. Learn what you can do to lower your heart age and keep it low.  Created: 9/1/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 9/1/2015.

  17. CDC Vital Signs-Hispanic Health

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-05-05

    This podcast is based on the May 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. About one in six people living in the U.S. are Hispanic. The two leading causes of death in this group are heart disease and cancer, accounting for two out of five deaths. Unfortunately, many Hispanics face considerable barriers to getting high quality health care, including language and low income. Learn what can be done to reduce the barriers.  Created: 5/5/2015 by Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE).   Date Released: 5/5/2015.

  18. Vital Exhaustion and Coronary Heart Disease Risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frestad, Daria; Prescott, Eva

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The construct of vital exhaustion has been identified as a potential independent psychological risk factor for incident and recurrent coronary heart disease (CHD). Despite several decades of research, no systematic review or meta-analysis has previously attempted to collate.......22-1.85) for prospective studies, and 2.61 (95% CI = 1.66-4.10) for case-control studies using hospital controls. Risk of recurrent events in patients with CHD was 2.03 (95% CI = 1.54-2.68). The pooled adjusted risk of chronic heart failure in healthy populations was 1.37 (95% CI = 1.21-1.56), but this was based...

  19. TIROTOXICOSIS GESTACIONAL: PATOLOGIA CON RIESGO VITAL

    OpenAIRE

    Valdés R.,Enrique; PILASI M,CARLOS; Núñez U.,Tatiana

    2003-01-01

    Se presenta un caso clínico con diagnóstico final de Tirotoxicosis gestacional que debuta con una complicación excepcional, insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva e hipertensión pulmonar severa. Se presenta la experiencia del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile, proponiendo que su diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos son la base del pronóstico de esta patología de riesgo vital para el binomio madre-hijo

  20. Vitalism and vital normativeness: Hahnemann and Canguilhem Vitalismo y normatividad vital: Hahnemann and Canguilhem Vitalismo e normatividade vital: Hahnemann and Canguilhem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madel T. Luz

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The present paper reviews Vitalism as the basis for S. Hahnemann’s initial formulation of Homeopathy through the lens of the notions of Vitalism and vital normativeness formulated in the 20th century by French physician and historian of science Georges Canguilhem. Hahnemann described disease as a disarrangement of the organism as a whole, carrying the mark of the individual affected. Similarly, Canguilhem stated that symptoms only have meaning within their specific context and express a global disturb. Hahnemann gave health a positive definition as the state of equilibrium of the vital force – the latter understood as an essential quality of matter composing living beings and corresponding to a conception of Vitalism that holds totality as self-organized. Canguilhem would define Vitalism as the simple acknowledgement of the originality of life regarding lifeless matter, and described life as a dynamic polarity. In this context, illness is seen as a way to compel the organism to seek a new equilibrium to maintain homeostasis, health and healing are both integral parts of the self-organization of living beings and dichotomy of the process health/disease is a mere linguistic artifact. Keywords:  Vitalism; Medical rationalities; Homeopathy; Vital normativeness; Georges Canguilhem.   Vitalismo e normatividade vital: Hahnemann and Canguilhem Resumo Este trabalho revê o Vitalismo como base da inicial formulação da Homeopatia por Hahnemann através das noções de Vitalismo e normatividade vital formulada no século XX pelo médico e historiador da ciência francês George Canquilhem. Hahneman descreve a doença como um desequilíbrio no organismo como um todo, carregando a marca da afecção individual. Similarmente, Canguilhem afirma que os sintomas somente têm siginificado dentro de seu espec

  1. Wearable system for vital signs monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradiso, Rita; Loriga, Gianni; Taccini, Nicola

    2004-01-01

    A new concept in healthcare, aimed at providing continuous remote monitoring of user's vital signs, is emerging. An innovative system named WEALTHY is presented, where conducting and piezoresistive materials in the form of fiber and yarn are integrated and used as sensor and electrode elements. The simultaneous recording of vital signs allows parameter extrapolation and inter-signal elaboration that contribute to producing alert messages and synoptic patient tables. Cardiac patients in the rehabilitation phase can be continuously monitored during selected time intervals, such as during physical activity or occurrence of symptoms, to discover potential threats and generate appropriate alerts to the patient and/or to an emergency center. The core of the system sensing is a textile interface, in which the sensing components are elements of the fabric: the sensorized garment is comfortable like a common article of clothing and is made with knitting machines; furthermore, the position of the electrodes and sensors is fixed and the elasticity of the fabric allows a good fitting to the body. The system is provided with a portable electronic unit, where signals are acquired, elaborated and transmitted. A monitoring system allows extrapolation of a new physiological index and data flow coordination as well as alarm management and database creation.

  2. Electronic Medical Record Tobacco Use Vital Sign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norris John W

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective Determination of the prevalence of tobacco use and impact of tobacco prevention/treatment efforts in an electronic medical record enabled practice utilizing a defined tobacco vital sign variable. Design and Measurements Retrospective cohort study utilizing patient data recorded in an electronic medical record database between July 15, 2001, and May 31, 2003. Patient-reported tobacco use status was obtained for each of 6,771 patients during the pre-provider period of their 24,824 visits during the study period with the recorder blinded to past tobacco use status entries. Results An overall current tobacco use prevalence of 27.1% was found during the study period. Tobacco use status was recorded in 96% of visits. Comparison of initial to final visit tobacco use status demonstrates a consistency rate of 75.0% declaring no change in tobacco status in the 4,522 patients with two or more visits. An 8.6% net tobacco use decline was seen for the practice (p value Conclusion Self reported tobacco use status as a vital sign embedded within the workflow of an electronic medical record enabled practice was a quantitative tool for determination of tobacco use prevalence and a measuring stick of risk prevention/intervention impact.

  3. Detecting vital signs with wearable wireless sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Tuba; Foster, Robert; Hao, Yang

    2010-01-01

    The emergence of wireless technologies and advancements in on-body sensor design can enable change in the conventional health-care system, replacing it with wearable health-care systems, centred on the individual. Wearable monitoring systems can provide continuous physiological data, as well as better information regarding the general health of individuals. Thus, such vital-sign monitoring systems will reduce health-care costs by disease prevention and enhance the quality of life with disease management. In this paper, recent progress in non-invasive monitoring technologies for chronic disease management is reviewed. In particular, devices and techniques for monitoring blood pressure, blood glucose levels, cardiac activity and respiratory activity are discussed; in addition, on-body propagation issues for multiple sensors are presented.

  4. Biotelemetry Applications for Three Vital Signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Juan Ramírez López

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Information and communication technologies recently have allowed the complex design of transmission system, and the reception and analysis of biological signal. The monitoring of biological signals and the establishment of a continuous monitoring of different physiological parameters of the patient and the prevention of diseases characterize these kinds of systems. The biotelemetry system due to its complexity and cost has the disadvantage of not being affordable for communities isolated from health services. This reason has caught the attention of researchers of the group TIGUM, who have developed biotelemetry architecture that is functional and operational at short-range. Using Arduino® Mega ADK platform, useful for the diagnosis and prevention of diseases through the data registration and traceability of three vital signs. The architecture uses Bluetooth and ZigBee technologies to facilitate the transmission and the visualization of signals in different electronic devices.

  5. Development of a remote vital signs sensor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ladd, M.D.; Pacheco, M.S.; Rivas, R.R.

    1997-06-01

    This paper describes the work at Sandia National Laboratories to develop sensors that remotely detect unique life-form characteristics, such as breathing patterns or heartbeat patterns. This paper will address the Technical Support Working Group`s (TSWG) objective: to develop a remote vital signs detector which can be used to assess someone`s malevolent intent. The basic concept of operations for the projects, system development issues, and the preliminary results for a radar device currently in-house and the implications for implementation are described. A survey that identified the in-house technology currently being evaluated is reviewed, as well as ideas for other potential technologies to explore. A radar unit for breathing and heartbeat detection is being tested, and the applicability of infrared technology is being explored. The desire for rapid prototyping is driving the need for off-the-shelf technology. As a conclusion, current status and future directions of the effort are reviewed.

  6. Ley de urgencia y riesgo vital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. Leoncio Tay, Dr.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El artículo expone las disposiciones vigentes que deben ser observadas en las Unidades de Emergencias en el momento de atender pacientes que están cursando una urgencia médica con compromiso vital o riesgo de la pérdida total la función de un órgano o extremidad, que requiere una atención médica inmediata e impostergable, condición que debe presentarse simultáneamente. Se detalla el marco jurídico administrativo y el proceso operativo que se debe considerar para el buen desarrollo de la aplicación de la Ley de Urgencia. La Ley comporta beneficios para los pacientes, como el acceso a la atención sin mediar garantía previa y el respaldo económico, para lo cual se deben cumplir ciertas condiciones.

  7. Re-vitalizing an indigenous language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    2014-01-01

    languages to match standards defined in nation-building and, thereby, enabled latent possibilities for indigenous populations to re-vitalize their languages in connection with the United Nations Year for Indigenous Peoples in 1993, and the first United Nations Decade for Indigenous Peoples, 1995......–2004. This article focuses on dictionaries of the languages of the Ainu populations in the borderlands between the nation-states Japan and Russia. The main argument is that the Ainu Cultural Promotion Act promulgated in 1997 had a significant impact on the production and purpose of Ainu dictionaries....... The dictionaries prior to 1997 functioned, predominantly, as records, which contributed to the increased visibility of Ainu populations inside and outside Japan in the immediate national interests of Japan, whereas the dictionaries published after 1997 are intended to enable the active use of Ainu language today...

  8. [Vitality loss: influence of orthodontic process].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard-Granger, Chloé; Gebeile-Chauty, Sarah

    2015-06-01

    Vitality loss is an unusual event that can occur before, during or after an orthodontic treatment. It can lead to loss of sensitivity, color change or necrosis of the pulp tissue. Before starting the orthodontic treatment, we have to identify the tooth's risk (injured tooth, included occlusal trauma...). Knowing that, if an endodontic treatment has to be done, it is better to do it before starting orthodontic forces. Lamps do not provide problems except high intensity halogen ones. RPE on children, Le Fort I and mandibular osteotomies, corticotomies, genioplasties are responsible of a transitory ischemia without reaching a pathogen level. Mini-screws or mini-plates may be iatrogenic, if they impact the root. The repair options depend on the delay before removing the miniscrew and the nature of injured tissue.

  9. Detecting Vital Signs with Wearable Wireless Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Hao

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of wireless technologies and advancements in on-body sensor design can enable change in the conventional health-care system, replacing it with wearable health-care systems, centred on the individual. Wearable monitoring systems can provide continuous physiological data, as well as better information regarding the general health of individuals. Thus, such vital-sign monitoring systems will reduce health-care costs by disease prevention and enhance the quality of life with disease management. In this paper, recent progress in non-invasive monitoring technologies for chronic disease management is reviewed. In particular, devices and techniques for monitoring blood pressure, blood glucose levels, cardiac activity and respiratory activity are discussed; in addition, on-body propagation issues for multiple sensors are presented.

  10. 36 CFR 1223.16 - How are vital records identified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are vital records identified? 1223.16 Section 1223.16 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS... identify vital records in the context of the emergency management function. Vital records are those...

  11. Vitality of Complex Water Governance Systems: Condition and Evolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Edelenbos (Jurian); I.F. van Meerkerk (Ingmar); C. van Leeuwen (Corniel)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstractIn this article the evolution of vitality of social systems in water governance processes, approached as social-ecological systems, is studied. Vitality as well as conditions for vitality are theorized and measured in two cases of the Dutch southwest Delta region. Different patterns

  12. 46 CFR 111.60-9 - Segregation of vital circuits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Segregation of vital circuits. 111.60-9 Section 111.60-9...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-9 Segregation of vital circuits. (a) General. A branch circuit that supplies equipment vital to the propulsion, control, or safety of the vessel must...

  13. Importancia de los acontecimientos vitales como factores de cambio en el ciclo vital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis MELERO MARCOS

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: A lo largo del ciclo vital, los individuos experimentan una serie de acontecimientos que, sin duda, influyen en su desarrollo individual y colectivo. Tales acontecimientos parecen introducir cambios en la vida de los sujetos. El presente trabajo pretende analizar la importancia de los acontecimientos vitales como factores de cambio, desde la consideración de que el estudio de los mismos es consustancial con el estudio del ciclo vital. Desde este punto de partida, se ha establecido la existencia de diversos tipos de clasificaciones de acontecimientos, como la aportada por Rodrigo (1985, que plantea la existencia de tres tipos de eventos, eventos normativos relacionados con la edad, eventos normativos relacionados con el tiempo histórico, y finalmente, un tercer tipo de acontecimientos considerados como no normativos, que solamente son experimentados por algunos sujetos a lo largo de su vida. Analizaremos aquellos factores que adquieren significado en el desarrollo de los acontecimientos vitales y en la forma como los perciben los individuos que los experimentan, desde la revisión de los principales modelos explicativos, polarizados en dos grandes paradigmas, organicista y mecanicista, así como el intento de aproximación a través de modelos contextúales-dialécticos a una posición intermedia entre el paradigma organicista y el paradigma mecanicista.ABSTRACT: Throughout the vital cycle, individuals undergo experiences which no doubt exert an influence on their development. The present article analyzes the importance of vital events as change factors. We assume their inseparability. Adopting the classification established by Rodrigo (1985 we distinguish three classes of events, namely, normative events related to age, normative events related to historical time and non normative events which are not universally experienced by all subjects. We will analyze those factors which have relevant meaning in the development of vital events

  14. Mão instável atáxica de Alajouanine-Akerman: resgate de um sinal semiológico Ataxic unstable hand of Alajouanine-Akerman: recovery of a semiologic sign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GILBERTO LEVY

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetiva-se resgatar, considerando o seu valor histórico, um sinal semiológico descrito em 1931 por eminente neurologista do Rio de Janeiro, em parceria com um mestre da neurologia francesa. No artigo de Alajouanine e Akerman, intitulado "Atitude da mão em um surto monobraquial astereognósico da esclerose em placas", foi descrita uma alteração semiológica caracterizada por "uma instabilidade na atitude dos dedos, que se observa sobretudo com a mão estendida na atitude de juramento". Essa atitude da mão se exagerava muito com os olhos fechados e estava acompanhada por ataxia sensitiva, astereognosia e comprometimento da sensibilidade profunda no membro acometido. A partir do artigo original, é possível atualmente considerar-se a alteração semiológica descrita como uma forma de pseudoatetose localizada na mão.It is aimed to recover, considering its historical value, a semiological sign described in 1931 by an eminent neurologist of Rio de Janeiro, together with a master of the French neurology. In the article by Alajouanine and Akerman, named "Attitude of the hand in an astereognostic monobrachial crisis of multiple esclerosis", a semiologic alteration was described which was characterized by "an instability in the attitude of the fingers, which is observed mainly with the hand extended in the attitude of swearing". This attitude of the hand worsened a lot with the eyes closed and was accompanied by sensory ataxia, astereognosis, and impaired deep sensation in the affected member. From the original article, it is possible to consider at the present time the described semiologic alteration as a form of pseudoathetosis localized in the hand.

  15. Metástase no músculo reto inferior como sinal de apresentação de adenocarcinoma renal: relato de caso Inferior rectus muscle metastasis as a presenting sign of renal cell carcinoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan Christian Pieroni Gonçalves

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Proptose e diplopia decorrentes de alargamento de músculo extra-ocular representam importante sinal de apresentação de várias afecções da órbita. Embora a causa mais comum de alargamento de músculo extra-ocular seja a orbitopatia distiroidiana, o diagnóstico diferencial destas doenças é extenso. Relatamos neste trabalho o caso de um paciente com história de diplopia e proptose unilateral de três meses que apresentava importante espessamento isolado do músculo reto inferior direito e após investigação clínica, radiológica e biopsia incisional teve o diagnóstico de tumor metastático de células renais para o músculo reto inferior. Há poucos casos relatados de metástases para a musculatura ocular extrínseca sendo assim nosso objetivo relatar um novo caso, revisar a literatura e reforçar a inclusão deste distúrbio no diagnóstico diferencial do espessamento da musculatura extra-ocular.Proptosis and diplopia due to enlargement of extraocular muscles represent important presenting signs of many orbital disorders. Although dysthyroid ophthalmopathy is the most common cause of enlargement of extraocular muscles, the differential diagnosis is extensive. We report a patient with a 3-month history of diplopia and unilateral proptosis and a markedly enlarged inferior rectus muscle on imaging studies. A biopsy of the lesion followed by systemic evaluation established the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. There are few cases of metastatic tumors to the extraocular muscles reported in the literature and thus our objective is to report a new case, review the literature and reiterate the inclusion of this disorder in the differential diagnosis of enlargement of the extraocular muscles.

  16. The relationships between Internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akın, Ahmet

    2012-08-01

    The aim of the present study is to examine the relationships between Internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness. The participants were 328 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale, the Subjective Vitality Scale, and the Subjective Happiness Scale. According to the results, subjective vitality and subjective happiness were negatively predicted by Internet addiction. On the other hand, subjective happiness was positively predicted by subjective vitality. In addition, subjective vitality mediated the relationship between Internet addiction and subjective happiness. Results were discussed in light of the literature.

  17. Purpose and Vitality of Rumours: Political Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdas Pruskus

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with social instrumental intention of rumours and their expression. It also reveals the social and political role of rumours in controlling the behaviour of a group of members and preserving its identity. The dual nature of rumours is analyzed as well as gnosiological, psychological and sociological reasons. On the one hand, the roots of rumour vitality are hidden in the dualism of this phenomenon, where in a strange way contradictory things get on well together ­ private and public, moral and immoral, the truth and the lie, between which it is not easy to draw a clear boundary even in everyday life. On the other hand, a rumour is alive because of our constant thirst for additional and fresher information, trying to perceive a person, an action or a phenomenon better. At the same time, it stimulates the proclaimers of the official political information to find the ways for the provided information to be more accurate, open, exhaustive as possible, presented in an understandable and accessible form. There the power of the effect of a rumour lays, a phenomenon without authorship, but with an authority to which, more or less, all of us are to obey. 

  18. Energy brands lack vitality; Energiemerken ontberen vitaliteit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godri, S.; Wilders, E. [CONSULT Brand Strategy, Y and R Advertising, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2004-06-01

    The three Dutch energy companies (Nuon, Essent and Eneco Energie) have relatively little brand strength. The brands are not perceived to be sufficiently different from one another and are not valued by consumers. With liberalisation imminent, this is hardly a strong starting point. How can you win over consumers if it is not clear what is on offer? In the business market, decision-makers are better placed to distinguish between brands. However, the brands lack vitality in this sector of the market too. The only consolation is that the situation is by no means exclusive to the Netherlands. [Dutch] De merksterkte van de drie Nederlandse energiebedrijven Nuon, Essent en Eneco Energie, is gering. De energiemerken onderscheiden zich niet genoeg en missen waardering. Met het oog op de aanstaande liberalisering geen goede uitgangspositie. Hoe kun je consumenten voor je winnen als onduidelijk is waarvoor ze moeten kiezen? Op de zakelijk markt zijn de beslissers beter in staat om de merken te onderscheiden. Maar ook hier missen de energiemerken vitaliteit. Een troost: Nederlandse energiebedrijven zijn niet de enige met dit probleem.

  19. Autorrelatos do amor no ciclo vital adulto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto Evangelho Hernandez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa transversal comparou grupos de pessoas de diferentes faixas etárias, adultos jovens, maduros e maiores de 50 anos. Foram verificadas possíveis modificações do amor ao longo do ciclo vital adulto. Participaram 211 sujeitos de ambos os sexos, envolvidos em tipos variados de relações amorosas, que responderam à Escala Triangular do Amor de Sternberg. Os resultados da análise de variância multivariada mostraram interações significativas entre os componentes do amor e as faixas etárias e entre os componentes do amor e o sexo dos participantes. Análises univariadas revelaram diferenças significativas em intimidade entre as faixas etárias. Além disso, os níveis de paixão, intimidade e compromisso dos homens foram mais elevados do que os das mulheres. Estes resultados foram discutidos à luz da literatura que aborda a Teoria Triangular do Amor.

  20. Defining the vital condition for organ donation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamperetti Nereo

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The issue of organ donation and of how the donor pool can or should be increased is one with significant practical, ethical and logistic implications. Here we comment on an article advocating a paradigm change in the so-called "dead donor rule". Such change would involve the societal and legal abandonment of the above rule and the introduction of mandated choice. In this commentary, we review some of the problems associated with the proposed changes as well as the problems associated with the current model. We emphasize the continuing problems with the definition of death and the physiological process of dying; we discuss the difficulties associated with a dichotomous view of death; we review the difficulties with non-beating heart donation and emphasize the current limitations of society's understanding of these complex issues. We conclude that public education remains the best approach and that such education should not be merely promotion of a particular ideology but honest debate of what is socially and morally acceptable and appropriate given the changes in vital organ support technology and the need to respect patient autonomy.

  1. Maintaining control is team's vital role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood, Liz; Frankel, Chris; Johns, Andrew

    2011-02-01

    In an environment where there is an ever-increasing use of reliable electronic control, it is easy to become complacent about the need for in-depth knowledge of how the controls actually work. After all, experts who can diagnose and fix such systems are only a phone call away, and a new unit can easily be fitted. Sometimes this is not the case at Bendigo Health, as we have a number of systems with a "black box" set of controls that can take days, or weeks, to fix, and cannot be fixed locally. To better manage and maintain our infrastructure, the Buildings & Infrastructure Department at Bendigo Health includes a number of employees who concentrate on building management systems (BMS). The BMS group plays a vital role in the complete lifecycle of projects that include control and monitoring of the plant within the hospital setting. A good example of this role was in the design, build, installation and commissioning, of two new negative pressure suites at Bendigo Health. The BMS group's involvement in this particular project included the door interlocking, the air conditioning and exhaust fan control, and a comprehensive alarm panel and overrides, all of which can be monitored centrally via the existing BMS system. The involvement of the BMS group, following the DHS guidelines, resulted in the architect and consulting engineers revisiting their designs and improving them to the benefit of both patient care and staff safety. The advantages of projects such as the negative pressure suites installed by the BMS group include the fact that that the hospital gains facilities that work correctly and according to industry guidelines; and the design, installation, and controls of the plant are understood by the people who will be maintaining the infrastructure. This paper will provide an overview of the work undertaken by the BMS group at Bendigo Health, using the negative pressure suites as an exemplar.

  2. Vital Energy and Afterlife: Implications for Cognitive Science of Religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maira Monteiro Roazzi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Literature investigating people’s concepts of supernatural agency (such as ghosts and deities points to an intuitive theory of mind underlying such ideas, however, recent studies suggest that intuitive ideas over vital energy could also be involved. The present paper focuses on examining the culture and development of people’s conceptions on vital energy. A search was made using the keyword vital energy targeting literature from Anthropology, Psychology and Cognitive Science. A literature review over this topic was made yielding reflections over the development of vital energy concepts. Results suggest that an intuitive biology, grounded on ideas of biological energy (vital energy, may underlie an understanding of soul, spirit, and supernatural energy. Future empirical studies should target the development of vital energy intuitive theories with different age ranges and cultures.

  3. Estudio transversal de las actitudes hacia la ciencia en estudiantes de grados quinto a undécimo. Adaptación y aplicación de un instrumento para valorar actitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Molina

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra el estudio de las actitudes hacia la ciencia en un grupo de estudiantes a lo largo de los diferentes niveles de secundaria, según la implementación, ajuste y aplicación de un instrumento evaluativo propuesto originalmente por Barmby, Kind y Jones (2008. La aplicación del instrumento y de una entrevista semiestructurada permitieron obtener resultados confiables (alfa de Cronbach, ? = 0,77sobre diferentes categorías de actitud frente a la ciencia. Los resultados indican que, en la población estudiada, no hay diferencias significativas respecto al género. Se observaron concepciones favorables respecto a la importancia de la ciencia y la tecnología y al trabajo práctico en ciencias, pero desfavorables frente a las posibilidades futuras de trabajar en el ámbito científico y con manifestaciones recurrentes sobre imaginarios de complejidad hacia la actividad científica. Finalmente, es evidente una disminución progresiva (desde grado quinto hasta grado undécimo de las actitudes favorables frente a las ciencias.

  4. Las habilidades de pensamiento científico que promueven los textos de estudio de Ciencias Naturales de Quinto Año Básico, un estudio de caso en Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Villagra Bravo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este reporte se presentan los resultados del análisis de las habilidades de pensamiento científico que promueven los textos de estudio de Ciencias Naturales de quinto año básico. Para su desarrollo se analizaron tres textos escolares en función de la Taxonomía de Marzano y Kendall. Estos textos se utilizan en centros educativos de distinta dependencia, de esta manera se contemplan diferentes realidades socioeducativas que trabajan con este recurso pedagógico. Los resultados del estudio reportan que los primeros niveles del pensamiento según la Taxonomía de Marzano y Kendall, recuperación y comprensión, fueron mayormente propuestos en las actividades de los tres textos de estudios analizados. Mientras que los niveles asociados a la metacognición y conciencia del ser, han sido menos considerados a través de las situaciones de aprendizaje sugeridas. Estos hallazgos llevan a reflexionar sobre el nivel y tipo de uso que debe dársele a este recurso pedagógico en el aula.

  5. Comer mejor y moverse más: programa contra la obesidad y sobrepeso en alumnos del quinto y sexto grado de la escuela primaria “José María Leyva”, Hermosillo, Sonora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brianda Cecilia Serecer Varela

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El aumento mundial de sobrepeso y obesidad es atribuible a factores como dieta con aumento de la ingesta de alimentos hipercalóricos y disminución de la actividad física. El objetivo fue evaluar un programa de intervención cuya meta era disminuir el IMC en niños de quinto y sexto grado en una escuela primaria de Hermosillo, Sonora. El programa se implementó de diciembre de 2013 a junio de 2014 en tres etapas: por Enfermería, Nutrición, y Cultura física y deporte, y se logró reducir el Índice de Masa Corporal de los escolares (IMC inicial 19.25, IMC final 18.71. De acuerdo a la prueba de Wilcoxon se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el peso inicial y final (p: 00. La implementación de programas multidisciplinarios en la atención contra la obesidad conlleva a la disminución de sobrepeso y obesidad y disminución de factores de riesgo para la salud.

  6. Avaliação do sinal de dor à compressão do globo ocular nas síndromes meníngeas infecciosas Evaluation of the ocular globe compression sign in infectious meningeal syndromes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Costa-Matos

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available As síndromes meníngeas infecciosas se constituem em emergência médica, cujo diagnóstico clínico-epidemiológico deve ser prontamente estabelecido para início precoce da terapêutica adequada. Entretanto, em muitos casos os dados clínicos não são suficientes para se confirmar ou afastar esse diagnóstico. Por isso, o objetivo de avaliar o sinal de dor à compressão do globo ocular em 57 pacientes com suspeita de síndrome meníngea infecciosa, de ambos os sexos e com idade igual ou superior a quatro anos. A sensibilidade (34,5%, especificidade (78,6% e valores preditivos positivo (62,5% e negativo (53,7% da dor à compressão do globo ocular foram semelhantes à rigidez de nuca, sendo boa (Kappa=0,65 a concordância entre os dois observadores independentes. A dor à compressão do globo ocular, em conjunto com outros achados clínicos, pode ser de grande valia no processo diagnóstico de pacientes com síndromes meníngeas infeciosas.Infectious meningeal syndromes represent a serious medical emergency whose clinical-epidemiologic diagnosis must be immediately established for early initiation of appropriate treatment. However, in many cases data from the clinical exam are insufficient to confirm or rule out the diagnosis. Therefore, the aim of this work was to assess the value of the ocular globe compression sign in 57 patients with suspicion of infectious meningeal syndrome, both male and female and aged four years or older. The sensitivity (34.5%, specificity (78.6% and positive (62.5% and negative (53.7% predictive values of ocular globe compression sign were similar to nuchal rigidity, and the agreement between two independent observers was fair (Kappa=0.65. Ocular globe compression sign in conjunction with other findings of the clinical examination could be of great value in the diagnostic process of patients with infectious meningeal syndromes.

  7. Genes involved in brassinosteroids's metabolism and signal transduction pathways Genes envolvidos nas vias de biossíntese e de transdução de sinal de brassinoesteróides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adaucto Bellarmino Pereira-Netto

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Brassinosteroids (BRs are plant steroids essential for the normal growth and development, which carry an oxygen moiety at C-3 and additional ones at one or more of the C-2, C-6, C-22 and C-23 carbon atoms. In the past few years, application of molecular genetics allowed significant progress on the understanding of the BRs biosynthetic pathway regulation and on the identification of several components of their signal transduction pathway, as well. Search in eletronic databases show dozens of records for brassinosteroid-related genes for the last twelve months, demonstrating the big efforts being carried out in this field. This review highlights the recent advances on the characterization of genes and mutations that are helping to unravel the molecular mechanisms involved in the BRs synthesis/metabolism, perception and response, with especial emphasis on their role in plant cell elongation. Aspects of the involvement of BRs on the regulation of cell cycle-controlling proteins are discussed as well.Brassinoesteróides são esteróides vegetais, essenciais para o crescimento e o desenvolvimento, que apresentam um oxigênio no carbono C-3 e oxigênios adicionais em um ou mais dos átomos de carbono C-2, C-6, C-22 e C-23. Nos últimos anos, a aplicação de técnicas de genética molecular possibilitou progresso significativo no entendimento da regulação da via biossintética e na identificação de vários componentes da via de transdução de sinal de brassinoesteróides. Buscas em bases de dados eletrônicas mostram dúzias de registros para genes relacionados a brassinoesteróides nos últimos doze meses, demonstrando os grandes esforços desenvolvidos neste campo. Esta revisão destaca os recentes avanços na caracterização de genes e mutações que estão auxiliando na elucidação dos mecanismos moleculares envolvidos na síntese/metabolismo, e percepção e resposta de brassinoesteróides, com ênfase especial no seu papel no alongamento

  8. CDC Signos Vitales-Seguridad de los camioneros (Vital Signs-Trucker Safety)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-03-03

    Este podcast se basa en la edición de marzo del 2015 del informe Signos Vitales de los CDC. En el 2012 en los Estados Unidos, ocurrieron cerca de 317 000 choques asociados a camiones pesados. Veintiséis mil camioneros y sus pasajeros sufrieron lesiones en esos choques, y cerca de 700 murieron. Infórmese sobre lo que se puede hacer para que los camioneros estén seguros.  Created: 3/3/2015 by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).   Date Released: 3/3/2015.

  9. An Expanded Model of Faculty Vitality in Academic Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dankoski, Mary E.; Palmer, Megan M.; Laird, Thomas F. Nelson; Ribera, Amy K.; Bogdewic, Stephen P.

    2012-01-01

    Many faculty in today's academic medical centers face high levels of stress and low career satisfaction. Understanding faculty vitality is critically important for the health of our academic medical centers, yet the concept is ill-defined and lacking a comprehensive model. Expanding on previous research that examines vital faculty in higher…

  10. Research Vitality as Sustained Excellence: What Keeps the Plates Spinning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilstrap, J. Bruce; Harvey, Jaron; Novicevic, Milorad M.; Buckley, M. Ronald

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Research vitality addresses the perseverance that faculty members in the organization sciences experience in maintaining their research quantity and quality over an extended period of time. The purpose of this paper is to offer a theoretical model of research vitality. Design/methodology/approach: The authors propose a model consisting of…

  11. [Full crown preparation of a vital tooth is outdated

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keizer, S.P.; van Pelt, A.W.

    2004-01-01

    The restorative solutions for esthetic problems are becoming minimal invasive. Adhesive technology and materials as composite luting cements are biocompatible and therefor less harmfull for vital pulps. Necrosis of vital pulps hardly occurs and the survival of porcelain veneers is very good. The est

  12. Research Vitality as Sustained Excellence: What Keeps the Plates Spinning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilstrap, J. Bruce; Harvey, Jaron; Novicevic, Milorad M.; Buckley, M. Ronald

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Research vitality addresses the perseverance that faculty members in the organization sciences experience in maintaining their research quantity and quality over an extended period of time. The purpose of this paper is to offer a theoretical model of research vitality. Design/methodology/approach: The authors propose a model consisting of…

  13. Evidence of a Housing Decision Chain in Rural Community Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Christine C.; Crull, Sue R.; Bruin, Marilyn J.; Yust, Becky L.; Shelley, Mack C.; Laux, Sharon; Memken, Jean; Niemeyer, Shirley; White, B. J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to explore and explain the role housing plays in rural community vitality. Community vitality refers to economic strength and social well-being. In spring 2002 we collected primary interview data from informants in 134 small rural communities in nine north-central states and identified related secondary data from…

  14. Effects of cervical self-stretching on slow vital capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Dongwook; Yoon, Nayoon; Jeong, Yeongran; Ha, Misook; Nam, Kunwoo

    2015-07-01

    [Purpose] This study investigated the effects of self-stretching of cervical muscles, because the accessory inspiratory muscle is considered to improve pulmonary function. [Subjects] The subjects were 30 healthy university students 19-21 years old who did not have any lung disease, respiratory dysfunction, cervical injury, or any problems upon cervical stretching. [Methods] Spirometry was used as a pulmonary function test to measure the slow vital capacity before and after stretching. The slow vital capacity of the experimental group was measured before and after cervical self-stretching. Meanwhile, the slow vital capacity of the control group, which did not perform stretching, was also measured before and after the intervention. [Results] The expiratory vital capacity, inspiratory reserve volume, and expiratory reserve volume of the experimental group increased significantly after the cervical self-stretching. [Conclusion] Self-stretching of the cervical muscle (i.e., the inspiratory accessory muscle) improves slow vital capacity.

  15. An evaluation of So language vitality in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas M. Tehan

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the vitality and endangerment of So [sss] speech communities in Thailand. Beginning with a review of sociolinguistic survey results for five So communities in Thailand to ascertain the likely need for vernacular language development in So, additional data to cover the rest of the So community are provided. The language vitality of the So communities in Thailand is then assessed using Expanded GIDS and the Sustainable Use Model (SUM, Lewis & Simons 20152, an expansion of the Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (GIDS, Fishman 1991. This vitality model indicates that many So villages display vigorous language vitality whereas other villages are threatened by language shift. Some initial efforts at revitalization and language development show promise. Several additional activities are suggested to enhance the vitality of the language and help the So to resist the regional trend towards language shift to Northeastern Thai (Isaan.

  16. From a Vital Sign to Vitality: Selling Exercise So Patients Want to Buy It.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segar, Michelle L; Guérin, Eva; Phillips, Edward; Fortier, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    Exercise is Medicine (EIM) and physical activity as a vital sign are based on health-focused research and reflect ideal frames and messages for clinicians. However, they are nonoptimal for patients because they do not address what drives patients' decision-making and motivation. With the growing national emphasis on patient-centered and value-based care, it is the perfect time for EIM to evolve and advance a second-level consumer-oriented exercise prescription and communication strategy. Through research on decision-making, motivation, consumer behavior, and meaningful goal pursuit, this article features six evidence-based issues to help clinicians make physical activity more relevant and compelling for patients to sustain in ways that concurrently support patient-centered care. Physical activity prescriptions and counseling can evolve to reflect affective and behavioral science and sell exercise so patients want to buy it.

  17. Método Delphi para buscar consenso sobre metodologías educativas en alimentación saludable para alumnos de tercero a quinto año básico, sus familias y profesores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Vio

    Full Text Available Objetivo: mediante la técnica de consenso Delphi, conocer la opinión de un grupo de expertos en nutrición, educación y gastronomía para buscar consenso sobre metodologías educativas en alimentación saludable en alumnos de tercero a quinto año básico, sus familias y profesores. Métodos: con los resultados de encuestas y grupos focales realizados previamente a niños, padres y profesores, se elaboró un cuestionario que fue enviado a 51 expertos en nutrición, educación y gastronomía en una primera ronda. Los resultados fueron analizados y reenviados en una segunda ronda con las preguntas no consensuadas, obteniendo 38 respuestas. Resultados: hubo consenso en que se pueden cambiar hábitos en escuelas mediante talleres de cocina con chefs o monitores, educación activo-participativa y huertos escolares. Padres y profesores deben tener habilidades culinarias saludables para educar a los niños. Estos deben hacer uso racional del dinero en la escuela. Para ello es necesario cambiar la oferta del kiosko hacia alimentos saludables, o suprimirlo si no es saludable. Los profesores deben capacitarse con talleres de autocuidado y vida sana para educar en alimentación saludable a los niños en horarios de clase con material educativo, talleres de cocina con recetas y aprovechar horarios de desayuno y almuerzo para actividades educativas. Los padres deben participar en talleres para escoger alimentos saludables en lugares de venta y preparar menús saludables. Los niños deben aprender habilidades culinarias simples, preparando y degustando alimentos saludables. Conclusiones: estos resultados son fundamentales para diseñar materiales educativos en alimentación saludable que cambien los malos hábitos alimentarios actuales.

  18. National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) - National Cardiovascular Disease Surveillance Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 2001 to 2013. NVSS is a secure, web-based data management system that collects and disseminates the Nation's official vital statistics. Data for this dataset has...

  19. CDC Vital Signs: HIV Among Youth in the US

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Current issue Infographic Topics Covered Alcohol Cancer Cardiovascular Diseases Food Safety ... Engage in HIV education programs and support safe environments in schools for all youth. Make sure your ...

  20. CDC Vital Signs: E-cigarette Ads and Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... students were current (past 30-day) users of electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, in 2014. Most e-cigarettes ... Related Pages Vital Signs Issue details: Exposure to Electronic Cigarette Advertising Among Middle School and High School Students ...

  1. Moral Vitalism: Seeing Good and Evil as Real, Agentic Forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastian, Brock; Bain, Paul; Buhrmester, Michael D; Gómez, Ángel; Vázquez, Alexandra; Knight, Clinton G; Swann, William B

    2015-08-01

    Moral vitalism refers to a tendency to view good and evil as actual forces that can influence people and events. We introduce a scale designed to assess the belief in moral vitalism. High scorers on the scale endorse items such as "There are underlying forces of good and evil in this world." After establishing the reliability and criterion validity of the scale (Studies 1, 2a, and 2b), we examined the predictive validity of the moral vitalism scale, showing that "moral vitalists" worry about being possessed by evil (Study 3), being contaminated through contact with evil people (Study 4), and forfeiting their own mental purity (Study 5). We discuss the nature of moral vitalism and the implications of the construct for understanding the role of metaphysical lay theories about the nature of good and evil in moral reasoning.

  2. Identifiable Data Files - Name and Address File and Vital...

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Names and Addresses File and the Vital Status File are subsets of the data elements in the Enrollment Database (EDB). The particular information in each file is...

  3. Experiments and Research Programmes. Revisiting Vitalism/Non-Vitalism Debate in Early Twentieth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bijoy MUKHERJEE

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Debates in the philosophy of science typically take place around issues such as realism and theory change. Recently, the debate has been reformulated to bring in the role of experiments in the context of theory change. As regards realism, Ian Hacking’s contribution has been to introduce ‘intervention’ as the basis of realism. He also proposed, following Imre Lakatos, to replace the issue of truth with progress and rationality. In this context we examine the case of the vitalism — reductionism debate in biology inspired by the works of Indian physicist-turned-biologist Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858–1937, in the early twentieth century. Both camps had their characteristic hardcores. Vitalists led by John S. Burdon-Sanderson and Augustus D. Waller accepted religious metaphysics to support their research programme, which ultimately degenerated. Bose worked more with the ideals of science such as Occam’s razor, large-scale systematization of phenomena and novel prediction. I argue that his religious metaphysics, instead of acting as a protective shield, helped him to consolidate his position and allowed further problem shift resulting in a research programme that involved consciousness too. His research programme remains relevant even today.

  4. [The vitalism of Paul-Joseph Barthez (1734-1806)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Hee Jin

    2010-06-30

    In The Logic of Life (1970), Francois Jacob (1920- ), Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (1965), proclaimed the end of vitalism based on the concept of life. More than two decades before this capital sentence condemning vitalism was pronounced, Georges Canguilhem (1904-1995), a French philosopher of medicine, already acknowledged that eighteenth-century vitalism was scientifically retrograde and politically reactionary or counter-revolutionary insofar as it was rooted in the animism of Georg Ernst Stahl (1660-1734). The negative preconception of the term 'vitalism' came to be established as an orthodox view, since Claude Bernard (1813-1878) unfairly criticized contemporary vitalism in order to propagate his idea of experimental medicine. An eminent evolutionary biologist like Ernst Mayr (1904-2005) still defended similar views in This is Biology (1997), arguing that if vitalists were decisive and convincing in their rejection of the Cartesian model (negative heuristics), however they were equally indecisive and unconvincing in their own explanatory endeavors (positive heuristics). Historically speaking, vitalists came to the forefront for their outstanding criticism of Cartesian mechanism and physicochemical reductionism, while their innovative concepts and theories were underestimated and received much less attention. Is it true that vitalism was merely a pseudo-science, representing a kind of romanticism or mysticism in biomedical science? Did vitalists lack any positive heuristics in their biomedical research? Above all, what was actually the so.called 'vitalism'? This paper aims to reveal the positive heuristics of vitalism defined by Paul.Joseph Barthez (1734-1806) who was the founder of the vitalist school of Montpellier. To this end, his work and idea are introduced with regard to the vying doctrines in physiology and medicine. At the moment when he taught at the medical school of Montpellier, his colleagues advocated the mechanism of Rene

  5. Desarrollo de habilidades metacognitivas para el aprendizaje de las matemáticas a través de una didáctica basada en problemas y mediada por los juegos autóctonos y tradicionales, en estudiantes de grado quinto de básica primaria de la Escuela Normal Superior de Pasto, en el marco de una escuela inclusiva

    OpenAIRE

    Bolaños Bravo, Luis Efrain; Cabrera Casabón, Aydé del Rosario; Goyes Chamorro, Javier Alexander; Medina Galvis, Sandra Nelly; Rosero Getial, Omaira Janeth

    2014-01-01

    Tesis (Maestría en Educación desde la Diversidad). Universidad de Manizales. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas, 2014 La presente investigación es un estudio de las habilidades metacognitivas que los estudiantes de grado quinto de básica primaria de la Escuela Normal Superior de Pasto requieren para resolver problemas matemáticos. Se propone una didáctica fundamentada en la estrategia didáctica Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas -ABP- como una alternativa para transferir los preconcept...

  6. Vanishing coccolith vital effects with alleviated CO2 limitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hermoso

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available By recreating a range of geologically relevant concentrations of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC in the laboratory, we demonstrate that the magnitude of the vital effects in both carbon and oxygen isotopes of coccolith calcite of multiple species relates to ambient DIC concentration. Under high DIC levels, all the examined coccoliths lacked any offset from inorganic calcite, whereas in low (present-day DIC concentrations, these vital effects and interspecies differences become substantial. These laboratory observations support the recent hypothesis from field observations that the appearance of interspecific vital effect in coccolithophores coincides with the long-term Neogene decline of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. The present study brings further valuable constraints on coccolith isotopic compositions by demonstrating the threshold for the absence of vital effects under high DIC regimes. From a mechanistic viewpoint, we show that the vital effect is determined by physiology; growth rate, cell size and relative rates of photosynthesis and calcification, and a modulation of these parameters with ambient carbon availability. This study provides palaeoceanographers with a biogeochemical framework that can be utilised to further develop the use of calcareous nannofossils in palaeoceanography to derive sea surface temperature and pCO2 levels.

  7. Análise da fadiga muscular localizada em atletas e sedentários através de parâmetros de freqüência do sinal eletromiográfico Analysis of localized muscular fatigue in athletes and sedentary subjects through frequency parameters of electromyographic signal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Cláudio Amaral Santos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Embora a análise no domínio da freqüência do sinal eletromiográfico (EMG seja empregada na caracterização do processo de fadiga muscular localizada, sua aplicação, especificamente a da freqüência mediana (Fmed, é pouco explorada no âmbito esportivo. O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a viabilidade da aplicação do sinal EMG, através de sua análise no domínio da freqüência, como parâmetro para determinação e diferenciação no comportamento da fadiga muscular localizada. Dois grupos de sujeitos, um caracterizado como atletas (n =12 e outro como sedentários (n =12, foram submetidos a análises baseadas em procedimentos executados em três diferentes situações experimentais, todos envolvendo a modalidade de exercício isométrico: i teste máximo para determinação da contração isométrica voluntária máxima (CIVM; ii teste de fadiga, sustentado por 35 seg. a 80% da CIVM; iii teste de recuperação, sustentado por 10 seg. a 80% da CIVM; neste ultimo foi monitorado o comportamento da Fmed nos três primeiros (Fmedi e três últimos segundos (Fmedf do sinal EMG no músculo tibial anterior durante o teste de fadiga. Durante os 10 segundos do teste de recuperação foi calculada a Fmed referente a todo o período (Fmedr. parâmetro utilizado no cálculo do índice de recuperação muscular (IRM. Os resultados apontam que a Fmedf apresentou valor menor em relação à Fmedi em ambos os grupos (p 0,05. Dessa forma, os resultados apresentados neste estudo permitem inferir a viabilidade na aplicação de parâmetros no domínio da freqüência do sinal EMG para a determinação e diferenciação do comportamento da fadiga muscular localizada.Although the analysis in the frequency domain of the Electromyographic Signal (EMG has been used in the characterization of the localized muscular fatigue process, its application, specifically the Median Frequency (MF, is rarely explored in sports. The objective of this study was

  8. Monitoring of Vital Signs with Flexible and Wearable Medical Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Yasser; Ostfeld, Aminy E; Lochner, Claire M; Pierre, Adrien; Arias, Ana C

    2016-06-01

    Advances in wireless technologies, low-power electronics, the internet of things, and in the domain of connected health are driving innovations in wearable medical devices at a tremendous pace. Wearable sensor systems composed of flexible and stretchable materials have the potential to better interface to the human skin, whereas silicon-based electronics are extremely efficient in sensor data processing and transmission. Therefore, flexible and stretchable sensors combined with low-power silicon-based electronics are a viable and efficient approach for medical monitoring. Flexible medical devices designed for monitoring human vital signs, such as body temperature, heart rate, respiration rate, blood pressure, pulse oxygenation, and blood glucose have applications in both fitness monitoring and medical diagnostics. As a review of the latest development in flexible and wearable human vitals sensors, the essential components required for vitals sensors are outlined and discussed here, including the reported sensor systems, sensing mechanisms, sensor fabrication, power, and data processing requirements.

  9. Duelling Ontologies: Might Vitalism Offer Balance and Value?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Dennis; Emmanuel, Elizabeth; Grace, Sandra

    2016-12-16

    This article is part of a project investigating chiropractors' beliefs on the role of vitalism in their philosophical and practice approaches and how that might contribute to addressing current epidemics of non-communicable diseases. It aims to present atomism, reductionism, materialism and mechanism as fundamental ontologies in biomedicine and to examine what role these might play in its struggle to deal with these epidemics; to present vitalism as a fundamental ontology existing in chiropractic along with these ontologies of biomedicine; and to discuss how imbalances in the use of these ontologies and practices stemming from them might be contributing to difficulties in addressing these epidemics. The use of more balanced approaches by chiropractors involving not only mechanistic biomedical ontologies but also an increased focus on vitalism might offer value in addressing these epidemics and should be investigated.

  10. Noise considerations for vital signs CW radar sensors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Brian Sveistrup; Jensen, Thomas; Zhurbenko, Vitaliy

    2011-01-01

    The use of continuous wave (CW) radars for measuring human vital signs have recently received a lot of attention due to its many promising applications like monitoring people at hospitals or infants at home without the need for wired sensors. This paper briefly presents the typical CW radar setup...... and the underlying signal theory for such sensors. Then to point out and especially clarify one of the most important effects aiding the design of vital signs radars (VSR), a more detailed discussion concerning phase noise cancellation (or filtering) by range correlation is given. This discussion leads to some...

  11. [Preparation and vitality detection of protoplast in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Nan; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Xinyu; Dong, Juan'e

    2014-10-01

    We prepared protoplasts from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge suspension culture cells. Then, the protoplasts' vitality and functions were tested by fluorescein diacetate staining method and Fluo-3/AM flourescent probe. The optimal condition of protoplast isolation was Cellulase R-10 1.5%, Pectinase Y-23 0.3%, Macerozyme R-10 0.5%, 40 r/min 12 h, 600 r/min 5 min, and the protoplasts yield was 1.1x10(6) cells/g FW, the vitality was more than 95% by using fluorescein diacetate staining method. It has been confirmed that calcium fluorescent probe Fluo-3/AM can be successfully loaded into protoplasts.

  12. Determinants of muscular and functional vitality in oldest old people

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taekema, Diana Gretha

    2012-01-01

    An intriguing question with regard to ageing research is why some people age successfully and why others are burdened with chronic diseases and functional disability. Researchers aim to identify the candidate determinants associated with the preservation of vitality during a long life course. In thi

  13. Ethnolinguistic Vitality among Japanese-Brazilians: Challenges and Possibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakamoto, Mitsuyo; Matsubara Morales, Leiko

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores ethnolinguistic vitality among Japanese-Brazilians ("Nikkeis"). First, an 18-item questionnaire was administered to 33 individuals who attended a seminar on bilingual studies held in São Paulo. Then, two bilingual "Nikkei" teachers who participated in the questionnaire and who grew up to be bilinguals…

  14. Job satisfaction and basic vital needs satisfaction among working women

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kalva, I; Shiryayev, D

    2016-01-01

    ... is to investigate the level of job satisfaction and its relation with satisfaction of basic vital needs (according to Maslows needs pyramid) in working women single and married. A positive correlation was found between the level of job satisfaction and the level of satised material needs and security needs in working women. Some differences were found betw...

  15. Subjective Vitality and Patterns of Acculturation: Four Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin; Vedernikova, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The article presents a comparative analysis of the subjective vitalities (SVs) of the minority groups of Latvia (Russian-speakers), Lithuania (Russian-speakers and Poles) and Mari El (Maris) in the Russian Federation, with a particular focus on the Mari case. The same extended version of the SV questionnaire was used in quantitative surveys in all…

  16. [The intraoperative determination of intestinal vitality with a fluorescent indicator].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, A; Terziev, I

    1997-01-01

    Intestinal obstruction due to strangulation is induced in dogs under experimental conditions, with intestinal wall vitality assessment done on the ground of standard clinical criteria, using fluorescence dye and UV rays, as well as histological study. Sensitivity, specificity and prognostic value of each of the methods employed are determined. The fluorescence method advantages are recorded, and the prospects of its clinical implementation are estimated.

  17. Implementing a Smart Method to Eliminate Artifacts of Vital Signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javadpour A.1

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Electroencephalography (EEG has vital and significant applications in different medical fields and is used for the primary evaluation of neurological disorders. Hence, having easy access to suitable and useful signal is very important. Artifacts are undesirable confusions which are generally originated from inevitable human activities such as heartbeat, blinking of eyes and facial muscle activities while receiving EEG signal. It can bring about deformation in these waves though. Objective: The objective of this study was to find a suitable solution to eliminate the artifacts of Vital Signals. Methods: In this study, wavelet transform technique was used. This method is compared with threshold level. The threshold intensity is efficiently crucial because it should not remove the original signal instead of artifacts, and does not hold artifact signal instead of original ones. In this project, we seek to find and implement the algorithm with the ability to automatically remove the artifacts in EEG signals. For this purpose, the use of adaptive filtering methods such as wavelet analysis is appropriate. Finally, we observed that Functional Link Neural Network (FLN performance is better than ANFIS and RBFN to remove such artifacts. Results: We offer an intelligent method for removing artifacts from vital signals in neurological disorders. Conclusion: The proposed method can obtain more accurate results by removing artifacts of vital signals and can be useful in the early diagnosis of neurological and cardiovascular disorders

  18. Internet skills : vital assets in an information society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deursen, van Alexander Johannes Aloisius Maria

    2010-01-01

    Internet Skills, vital assets in an information society starts with a brief history of communication technologies. It appears that in the course of history, these technologies have changed and have put increasing demands on the people that use them. Moreover, the stakes for not being able to keep up

  19. A Vital Research Force on the Scientific Front

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THERE are several research institutes in Wuhan under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, employing large numbers of talented scientific and technological personnel. Women make up a vital force among these workers. Once we arrived in the Wuhan Institute of Virology, President He Tianfu enthusiastically introduced us to the five women research fellows at his institute.

  20. Impact of the Expanding Role of Contractors: Vital in War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Colonel Ronda G. Urey Department of Military...CONTRACTORS: VITAL IN WAR by Lieutenant Colonel Theodore M. Lennon United States Army Colonel Ronda G. Urey Project

  1. Language Attrition, Language Shift, and Ethnolinguistic Vitality in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagmur, Kutlay; de Bot, Kees; Korzilius, Hubert

    1999-01-01

    Presents findings of research investigating first-language attrition of Turkish speakers in Australia and the role of subjunctive ethnolinguistic vitality perceptions in that process. Examines the relationship between societal factors and individuals' perceptions of the language contact situation as reflected in their speech behavior. (Author/VWL)

  2. Evaluation of Wireless Vital Signs Monitor in Trauma Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients). An additional 23 prehospital patients were excluded because of missing or incomplete data...or new algorithms based on non-invasively measured vital signs or other physiologic variables, that could aid in the triage and diagnosis of trauma

  3. Noise considerations for vital signs CW radar sensors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Brian Sveistrup; Jensen, Thomas; Zhurbenko, Vitaliy

    2011-01-01

    The use of continuous wave (CW) radars for measuring human vital signs have recently received a lot of attention due to its many promising applications like monitoring people at hospitals or infants at home without the need for wired sensors. This paper briefly presents the typical CW radar setup...

  4. CDC Vital Signs–Opioid Prescribing

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-07-06

    This podcast is based on the July 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Higher opioid prescribing puts patients at risk for addiction and overdose. Learn what can be done about this serious problem.  Created: 7/6/2017 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 7/6/2017.

  5. CDC Vital Signs–Arthritis in America

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-03-07

    This podcast is based on the March 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Many adults in the United States have arthritis. Learn how to reduce the pain of arthritis, as well as manage the condition.  Created: 3/7/2017 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 3/7/2017.

  6. Vital Signs-Children Need More Fruits and Vegetables!

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-08-05

    This podcast is based on the August 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Children in the U.S. aren't eating enough fruits and vegetables. Learn what you can do to impact this problem.  Created: 8/5/2014 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 8/5/2014.

  7. Vital Signs – Preventing Repeat Teen Births

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-04-02

    This podcast is based on the April 2013 CDC Vital Signs report, which discusses repeat teen births and ways teens, parents and guardians, health care providers, and communities can help prevent them.  Created: 4/2/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 4/2/2013.

  8. Vital Signs – Alcohol Screening and Counseling?

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-01-07

    This podcast is based on the January 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Millions of Americans drink too much, a dangerous behavior that can lead to serious health problems. Alcohol screening and counseling can help.  Created: 1/7/2014 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 1/7/2014.

  9. Vital Signs – Making Health Care Safer

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-03-05

    This podcast is based on the March 2013 CDC Vital Signs report, which discusses lethal infections from carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, or CRE, germs and ways health care providers can help stop CRE infections.  Created: 3/5/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 3/5/2013.

  10. Herpes viruses, cytokines, and altered hemostasis in vital exhaustion.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ven, A.J.A.M. van der; Diest, R. van; Hamulyak, K.; Maes, M.; Bruggeman, C.A.; Appels, A.

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Infections with herpes viruses have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We tested the hypothesis that vital exhaustion (VE) is associated with multiple herpesvirus infections, such as herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus

  11. Strengthening ecological mindfulness through hybrid learning in vital coalitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sol, A.J.; Wals, A.E.J.

    2015-01-01

    In this contribution a key policy ‘tool’ used in the Dutch Environmental Education and Learning for Sustainability Policy framework is introduced as a means to develop a sense of place and associated ecological mindfulness. The key elements of this tool, called the vital coalition, are described whi

  12. Vital Signs – Childhood Obesity

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-08-06

    This podcast is based on the August 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. The rate of obesity among low-income preschoolers has declined, but one in eight is still obese. This program briefly discusses what can be done.  Created: 8/6/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 8/6/2013.

  13. Subjective Vitality and Patterns of Acculturation: Four Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin; Vedernikova, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The article presents a comparative analysis of the subjective vitalities (SVs) of the minority groups of Latvia (Russian-speakers), Lithuania (Russian-speakers and Poles) and Mari El (Maris) in the Russian Federation, with a particular focus on the Mari case. The same extended version of the SV questionnaire was used in quantitative surveys in all…

  14. Inferring Ethnolinguistic Vitality in a Community of Northeast Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, John Charles

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the use of ethnolinguistic vitality as the framework for a sociolinguistic survey measuring attitudes to multilingualism and reporting on the experiences of a community of Northeast Thailand (Isan) that forms part of Thailand's largest minority. The aim of the study was to examine the experiences of participants in a…

  15. LongoVital in the prevention of recurrent aphthous ulceration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, A; Hougen, H P; Klausen, B

    1990-01-01

    LongoVital (LV) (DK. Reg. No. 5178/75) is a herbal based tablet enriched with recommended doses of vitamins. The present study was undertaken to investigate prevention of recurrent aphthous ulceration (RAU) during 6 months' daily intake of LV as compared with placebo in a double-blind, randomized...

  16. Reviewing Ethnolinguistic Vitality: The Case of Anglo-Nigerian Pidgin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Charles C.

    2000-01-01

    Using Anglo-Nigerian Pidgin as an illustration, this article demonstrates that there may be a need to broaden the scope of ethnolinguistic vitality to take cognizance of languages such as Pidgins and Creoles that may not be categorizable as ethnic languages or languages of any particular social group. (Author/VWL)

  17. Dental pulp vitality measurement based on multiwavelength photoplethysmography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkela, Ville; Kopola, Harri K.; Oikarinen, Kyosti; Herrala, Esko

    1995-01-01

    Observation of the intradental blood supply is important in cases of dental trauma, but difficult. As the methods used by dentists to measure pulp vitality are not very reliable, a dental pulp vitalometer based on fiberoptic reflectance measurement and measurement of the absorption of blood has been designed and built. In addition to the fiber optic probe and reflectance sensor electronics, the vitalometer includes a data acquisition card, a PC and data processing programs. The thick dentin and enamel layers and the small amount of blood in a tooth are major problems for optical measurement of its vitality, and scattered light from the enamel and the dentin surrounding the pulpa also causes a problem in measurements based on reflectance. These problems are assessed here by means of theoretical models and calculations. The advantage of reflectance measurement is that only one probe is used, which is easy to put against the tooth. Thus measurements are simple to make. Three wavelengths (560 nm, 650 nm, 850 nm) are used to measure photoplethysmographic signals, and these should allow the oxygen saturation of the blood in a tooth to be measured as well in the future. Series of measurements have been performed on vital and non-vital teeth by recording photoplethysmographic signals, using the vitalometer and using a commercial laser-Doppler instrument. Verifications of the laser-Doppler and vitalometer results are presented and deduced here.

  18. History dependence of vital capacity in constricted lungs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Thomas P; Wilson, Theodore A; Johnson, Bruce D; Hyatt, Robert E

    2010-07-01

    Measurements of dynamic force-length behavior of maximally activated strips of smooth muscle during oscillatory length changes show that force decreases well below the isometric force during the shortening phase of the oscillation. The magnitude of the decrease depends on the rate of shortening; for slower shortening, the decrease is smaller and force is larger. Modeling of expiratory flow, based on these data, predicts that vital capacity in constricted lungs depends on the rate of expiration. In maximally constricted lungs, forced vital capacity (FVC) is predicted to be 16% smaller than control, and vital capacity for a very slow expiration (SVC), 31% less than control. These predictions were tested by measuring FVC and SVC in constricted normal subjects. In the first group of 9 subjects, four maneuvers were made following the delivery of two doses of methacholine in the order: SVC, FVC, FVC, SVC. In a second group of 11 subjects, two maneuvers were performed at each dose in the order: FVC, SVC. At the highest dose of methacholine, FVC for both trials in group 1 and for the one trial in group 2 were all approximately 13% less than control, a slightly smaller decrease than predicted. SVC for the 1st trial in group 1 was 27% less than control, also slightly smaller than predicted. The difference between FVC and SVC for this trial, 13%, was close to the predicted difference of 15%. However, SVC for the 2nd trial in group 1 (preceded by 3 vital capacity maneuvers) and for group 2 (preceded by 1) were no different from FVC. We conclude that vital capacity in constricted lungs depends on the dynamic force-length properties of smooth muscle and that the history dependence of the dynamic properties of smooth muscle is more complicated than has been inferred from oscillatory force-length behavior.

  19. A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijk, J.E.; Proper, K.I.; Beek, A. van der; Meschelen, W. van

    2012-01-01

    ObjectiveTo evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite vitality intervention on vigorous physical activity (VPA), fruit intake, aerobic capacity, mental health and need for recovery after work among older hospital workers (ie, 45 years and older).MethodsThe 6-month intervention was evaluated using a r

  20. Influência da distância intereletrodos e da cadência de movimento no domínio da frequência do sinal de EMG de superfície Influence of the inter-electrodes distance and cadence of movement in the surface EMG signal frequency domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Fernandes Tank

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available A eletromiografia de superfície (sEMG, apesar de amplamente utilizada em investigações biomecânicas, ainda apresenta inúmeros questionamentos sobre a influência das distâncias intereletrodos (DIE na morfologia do sinal, principalmente em contrações isotônicas. Logo, muitos dos trabalhos desenvolvidos ainda se limitam ao âmbito do laboratório de pesquisa, onde é possível estabelecer maior controle nos protocolos de registro e análise, o que não é comumente observado na prática clínico-desportiva. Dessa forma, o objetivo do estudo foi examinar os efeitos de dois protocolos de colocação de eletrodos e a realização de contrações isotônicas no domínio da frequência do sinal de sEMG. Quinze sujeitos do sexo masculino (idade: 22,8 ± 3,5 anos, todos destros, realizaram contrações dinâmicas do bíceps braquial direito com carga estimada em 20% da contração voluntária máxima em três diferentes cadências (30, 45, 60bpm. Os sinais de sEMG foram registrados por meio de dois canais, cujas DIEs foram de 4,2 e 13cm, respectivamente. A avaliação dos sinais de sEMG foi baseada na frequência mediana do espectro de potencial do sinal, calculado via transformada rápida de Fourier. A DIE e a cadência foram definidas como fatores (ANOVA two-way; α = 0,05. Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas e qualquer interação entre ambos os fatores nas três cadências (P > 0,05. Sugere-se que, independentemente da distância utilizada entre os eletrodos, uma investigação no domínio da frequência do sinal de sEMG em tarefas dinâmicas seja evitada, mesmo a partir de DIEs reduzidas, como é sugerido pela literatura, dado que variações no torque e no comprimento muscular podem corromper o sinal e, portanto, sua interpretação.Surface electromyography (SEMG, despite being widely used in biomechanical investigations, still presents massive questioning about the influence of the distance of the inter-electrodes (DIE in the

  1. A worksite vitality intervention for older hospital workers to improve vitality work engegement, productivity ans sick leave: results of a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijk, J.E.; Proper, K.I.; Meschelen, W. van; Beek, A. van der

    2012-01-01

    Objectives A worksite vitality intervention aiming to improve lifestyle behaviors could be an effective tool to keep older workers vital, and thereby prolong their labor participation. Therefore, this study evaluates the effectiveness of such an intervention on vitality, work engagement, productivit

  2. Effects of stretching the scalene muscles on slow vital capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Juncheol; Hwang, Sehee; Han, Seungim; Han, Dongwook

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine whether stretching of the scalene muscles would improve slow vital capacity (SVC). [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 20 healthy female students to whom the study’s methods and purpose were explained and their agreement for participation was obtained. The SVC was measured using spirometry (Pony FX, COSMED Inc., Italy). The intervention used was stretching of the scalene muscles. Stretching was carried out for 15 min, 10 times at per each portion of scalene muscles: the anterior, middle, and posterior parts. [Results] Expiratory vital capacity (EVC) and tidal volume (Vt) noticeably increased after stretching. However, there were no changes in any of the SVC items in the control group. [Conclusion] This study demonstrated that stretching of the scalene muscles can effectively improve SVC. In particular, we confirmed that stretching of the scalene muscles was effective in increasing EVC and Vt, which are items of SVC. PMID:27390425

  3. Development of a wearable vital signs monitor for healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallego, Jonathan; Lemos, Diego; Meneses, Gustavo A; Hernandez, Alher M

    2010-01-01

    In development countries the vital signs data measurement normally is performed at hospitals or laboratories where patients remain under observation with many electrodes attached on the body. The integration of biomedical data acquisition systems and information technologies (IT) enables continuous real time monitoring of physiological data in daily life, which improves patient's medical care and medical research possibilities. To achieve this goal, the research and development of some wearable intelligent sensors, sensors miniaturization, signal processing, wireless transmission, and databases development for these vital data have been done. Our goal is to implement a wearable system that can be used in places located outside of hospitals and medical institutions coverage area. In this paper, we present the current stage of the project where some intelligent modules have been implemented and other are under construction. Preliminary results concerning Non-Invasive Blood Pressure (NIBP), ECG and wireless connection are also presented.

  4. Photodynamic properties of vital dyes for vitreoretinal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockmann, Tobias; Steger, Claudia; Dawczynski, Jens

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate photodynamic properties of indocyanine green (ICG), brilliant blue G (BBG) and trypan blue (TB) as currently used vital dyes for chromovitrectomy. Under consideration of intraoperative illumination intensities and dye concentrations, a simulative in vitro investigation was set up. Therefore, standardized dilutions of original ICG, BBG and TB vials were irradiated at a wavelength of 366 nm with an intensity of 14 µW/cm2 between 0 and 48 h. After this, all samples were measured spectroscopically in a 220- to 750-nm bandwidth. Analyzing the vital dyes over the time course, an exponential photolysis was observed for ICG, whereas BBG and TB presented photostable properties. Regarding ICG, 5% of the concentration was degraded to toxic metabolites every 20 min. For this reason, our study provides evidence that intraocular dye concentrations and modern endoillumination systems alone cannot fully prevent ICG photodegradation.

  5. Effects of stretching the scalene muscles on slow vital capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Juncheol; Hwang, Sehee; Han, Seungim; Han, Dongwook

    2016-06-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine whether stretching of the scalene muscles would improve slow vital capacity (SVC). [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 20 healthy female students to whom the study's methods and purpose were explained and their agreement for participation was obtained. The SVC was measured using spirometry (Pony FX, COSMED Inc., Italy). The intervention used was stretching of the scalene muscles. Stretching was carried out for 15 min, 10 times at per each portion of scalene muscles: the anterior, middle, and posterior parts. [Results] Expiratory vital capacity (EVC) and tidal volume (Vt) noticeably increased after stretching. However, there were no changes in any of the SVC items in the control group. [Conclusion] This study demonstrated that stretching of the scalene muscles can effectively improve SVC. In particular, we confirmed that stretching of the scalene muscles was effective in increasing EVC and Vt, which are items of SVC.

  6. Energía vital. La corriente de Relaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Gudeman

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Vital energy' is a central idea in the economies of Panama and Colombia. Known as 'strength' or 'force', and assembled from the environment, this current connects all activities in the local economies and establishes relationships, from kin to strangers. Humans compose vital energy, but its sources are limited, and it is expended in use. Its availability is a gift from God and part of the unpredictable fortune that everyone faces. This economy exhibits a contrast between a social current and a market currency. It offers a materialist perspective, provides a critique of standard economics, suggests that sharing rather than reciprocity or rational choice is the 'fundamental' economic practice, and shows how an economy may be a kind of ritual legitimated by a belief in divine power that is displayed through personal fortune.

  7. Effects of stretching the scalene muscles on slow vital capacity

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Juncheol; Hwang, Sehee; Han, Seungim; Han, Dongwook

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine whether stretching of the scalene muscles would improve slow vital capacity (SVC). [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 20 healthy female students to whom the study’s methods and purpose were explained and their agreement for participation was obtained. The SVC was measured using spirometry (Pony FX, COSMED Inc., Italy). The intervention used was stretching of the scalene muscles. Stretching was carried out for 15 min, 10 ti...

  8. History dependence of vital capacity in constricted lungs

    OpenAIRE

    Olson, Thomas P.; Wilson, Theodore A.; Johnson, Bruce D.; Hyatt, Robert E.

    2010-01-01

    Measurements of dynamic force-length behavior of maximally activated strips of smooth muscle during oscillatory length changes show that force decreases well below the isometric force during the shortening phase of the oscillation. The magnitude of the decrease depends on the rate of shortening; for slower shortening, the decrease is smaller and force is larger. Modeling of expiratory flow, based on these data, predicts that vital capacity in constricted lungs depends on the rate of expiratio...

  9. Effects of cervical self-stretching on slow vital capacity

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Dongwook; Yoon, Nayoon; Jeong, Yeongran; Ha, Misook; Nam, Kunwoo

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] This study investigated the effects of self-stretching of cervical muscles, because the accessory inspiratory muscle is considered to improve pulmonary function. [Subjects] The subjects were 30 healthy university students 19–21 years old who did not have any lung disease, respiratory dysfunction, cervical injury, or any problems upon cervical stretching. [Methods] Spirometry was used as a pulmonary function test to measure the slow vital capacity before and after stretching. The slo...

  10. Vital Signs-Physical Activity and Adults with Disabilities

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-05-06

    This podcast is based on the May 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Adults with disabilities who get no aerobic physical activity are 50 percent more likely to have heart disease, stroke, diabetes, or cancer. Learn what you can do to help.  Created: 5/6/2014 by National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD).   Date Released: 5/6/2014.

  11. CDC Vital Signs–Cancer and Obesity

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-10-04

    This podcast is based on the October 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Obesity is a leading cancer risk factor. Unfortunately, two out of three U.S. adults weigh more than recommended. Find out what can be done to help people get to and keep a healthy weight.  Created: 10/4/2017 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 10/4/2017.

  12. CDC Vital Signs-Protect Patients from Antibiotic Resistance

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-03-03

    This podcast is based on the March 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Patients can get serious healthcare-associated infections, or HAIs, while receiving medical treatment in a healthcare facility. Learn how to prevent healthcare-associated infections.  Created: 3/3/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 3/3/2016.

  13. CDC Vital Signs-Communication Can Save Lives

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-08-04

    This podcast is based on the August 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Antibiotic-resistant germs cause at least 23,000 deaths each year. Learn how public health authorities and health care facilities can work together to save lives.  Created: 8/4/2015 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 8/4/2015.

  14. CDC Vital Signs-Safer Food Saves Lives

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-11-03

    This podcast is based on the November 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Contaminated food sent to several states can cause multistate outbreaks of foodborne illness and make a lot of people seriously ill. Learn what can be done to prevent and stop outbreaks.  Created: 11/3/2015 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 11/3/2015.

  15. CDC Vital Signs–Preventing Stroke Deaths

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-09-06

    This podcast is based on the September 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Each year, more than 140,000 people die and many survivors face disability. Eighty percent of strokes are preventable. Learn the signs of stroke and how to prevent them.  Created: 9/6/2017 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 9/6/2017.

  16. CDC Vital Signs-Hospital Actions Affect Breastfeeding

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-10-06

    This podcast is based on the October 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Hospitals can implement the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding to be designated as "Baby-Friendly" and support more moms in a decision to breastfeed.  Created: 10/6/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 10/6/2015.

  17. CDC Vital Signs–African American Health

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-05-02

    This podcast is based on the May 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. The life expectancy of African Americans has improved, but it’s still an average of four years less than whites. Learn what can be done so all Americans can have the opportunity to pursue a healthy lifestyle.  Created: 5/2/2017 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 5/2/2017.

  18. Vital Signs – Prescription Painkiller Overdoses

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-07-02

    This podcast is based on the July 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. Prescription painkiller overdoses are an under-recognized and growing problem among women. This program includes things that women and health care providers can do to reduce the risk of overdose.  Created: 7/2/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 7/2/2013.

  19. Vital Signs – When Food Bites Back

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-06-04

    This podcast is based on the June 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. It discusses food poisoning and specifically, Listeria. If you're 65 or older, have a weakened immune system, or are pregnant, you must be especially careful when selecting, preparing, and storing food.  Created: 6/4/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 6/4/2013.

  20. Vital Signs-Preventing Pregnancy in Younger Teens

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-04-08

    This podcast is based on the April 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Births to teens are declining, still, in 2012, more than 86,000 teens ages 15 to 17 gave birth. This program discusses what health care providers, parents, and teens can do to help prevent teen pregnancy.  Created: 4/8/2014 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 4/8/2014.

  1. The Development of a Physician Vitality Program: A Brief Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Barbara Couden; Thomas, Tamara L

    2015-10-01

    We describe the development of an innovative program to support physician vitality. We provide the context and process of program delivery which includes a number of experimental support programs. We discuss a model for intervention and methods used to enhance physician resilience, support work-life balance, and change the culture to one that explicitly addresses the physician's biopsychosocial-spiritual needs. Recommendations are given for marriage and family therapists (MFTs) who wish to develop similar support programs for healthcare providers. Video Abstract.

  2. Vitalism revitalized.... Vulnerable populations, prejudice, and physician-assisted death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, David J; Gunderson, Martin

    2002-01-01

    One of the most potent arguments against physician-assisted death hinges on the worry that people with disabilities will be subtly coerced to accept death prematurely. The argument is flawed. There is nothing new in PAD: the risk of coercion is already present in current policies about end of life care. And to hold that any such risk is too much is tacitly to endorse vitalism and to deny that people with disabilities are capable of choosing authentically.

  3. Implant-Root Proximity and Pulp Vitality of the Tooth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tasharoie

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background When dental implants are applied in partially edentulous patients, there is the risk of placing the implants in close proximity or in direct contact with the adjacent roots. In this situation assurance of pulp vitality of the adjacent tooth is neessary. Objectives The current study aimed to assess pulp response of the tooth after root proximity with dental implant. Patients and Methods After investigating 2800 records of patients, 31 implants in 29 patients were included in this study. A parallel peri-apical radiography was taken and pulp vitality tests (cold, heat and electrical pulp tests were conducted for each patient. Results Among the 31 assessed implants and the adjacent intact teeth, 13 implants had direct contact and 18 implants had proximity of less than 1 mm with the adjacent root. All of the teeth had positive (normal pulp response to all tests. The most prevalent areas for proximity of implant-tooth were upper first premolar implants and upper canine teeth. The most approximation area was apical third of root of the teeth. Conclusions Based on the clinical and radiographic examinations, implant-tooth approximation (less than 1 mm or direct contact is not related to pulp vitality of the tooth. Further studies with larger sample sizes are necessary to confirm the results of the study.

  4. Strengthening ecological mindfulness through hybrid learning in vital coalitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sol, Jifke; Wals, Arjen E. J.

    2015-03-01

    In this contribution a key policy `tool' used in the Dutch Environmental Education and Learning for Sustainability Policy framework is introduced as a means to develop a sense of place and associated ecological mindfulness. The key elements of this tool, called the vital coalition, are described while an example of its use in practice, is analysed using a form of reflexive monitoring and evaluation. The example focuses on a multi-stakeholder learning process around the transformation of a somewhat sterile pre-school playground into an intergenerational green place suitable for play, discovery and engagement. Our analysis of the policy-framework and the case leads us to pointing out the importance of critical interventions at so-called tipping points within the transformation process and a discussion of the potential of hybrid learning in vital coalitions in strengthening ecological mindfulness. This paper does not focus on establishing an evidence base for the causality between this type of learning and a change in behavior or mindfulness among participants as a result contributing to a vital coalition but rather focusses on the conditions, processes and interventions that allow for such learning to take place in the first place.

  5. Análise da reprodutibilidade de parâmetros no domínio da frequência do sinal EMG utilizados na caracterização da fadiga muscular localizada Analysis of reliability of EMG signal frequency domain parameters used in the characterization of localized muscle fatigue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Rocha da Silva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a reprodutibilidade de parâmetros no domínio da frequência do sinal eletromiográfico (EMG utilizados na caracterização da fadiga muscular localizada. Quinze sujeitos do sexo masculino foram submetidos a um teste de fadiga baseado na extensão isométrica de joelho, sendo realizados em três momentos distintos com intervalos de sete dias. Para avaliar a reprodutibilidade dos dados entres os testes calculou-se o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI para a frequência mediana (Fmed no tempo total de exercício (FmedT, para a Fmed obtida a cada 10% do tempo de exercício (Fmed10% e para as potências das bandas de frequência, obtidas da divisão do espectro de potência a cada 20 Hz. Os resultados demonstraram: (1 boa reprodutibilidade para a FmedT; (2 boa reprodutibilidade para a Fmed10%; e (3 maior variação no sinal EMG nas bandas de 20 a 120 Hz, no qual se destacam as bandas de 20-40 Hz e de 40-60 Hz, demonstrando maior sensibilidade ao processo de fadiga muscular. Conclui-se que a Fmed é uma variável que apresenta boa reprodutibilidade e que a análise fragmentada do espectro de potência, por meio das bandas de frequência, demonstrou-se sensível as variações que ocorrem no sinal EMG durante a instalação do processo de fadiga, tendo potencial para se tornar um novo método para a caracterização da fadiga muscular localizada.The aim of this study was to analyze the reproducibility of the electromyography signal's parameters (EMG in the frequency domain used in the characterization of localized muscle fatigue. Fifteen male subjects underwent a fatigue test based on isometric knee extension, being held at three different times at intervals of seven days. To assess the reproducibility of data between the tests we calculated the correlation coefficient (ICC for the median frequency (MF in total exercise time (MF T, MF obtained for every 10% of exercise time (MF10% and the powers of the

  6. Estudo comparativo entre marcadores ultra-sonográficos morfológicos preditores de parto pré-termo: sinal do afunilamento do colo e ausência do eco glandular endocervical A comparative study between morphologic ultrasonographic markers for preterm delivery: funneling sign and absence of cervical gland area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Rodrigues Pires

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o risco de parto pré-termo (PPT espontâneo na população geral a partir do estudo comparativo dos marcadores ultra-sonográficos morfológicos do colo uterino, como o sinal do afunilamento e a ausência da área glandular endocervical. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram arroladas 361 gestantes na população geral, submetidas a exame ultra-sonográfico transvaginal entre a 21ª e 24ª semana, e verificados os resultados perinatais. RESULTADOS: A incidência de PPT espontâneo foi de 5,0%. O sinal do afunilamento foi observado em 4,2% da população estudada e em 22,2% das pacientes que evoluíram para PPT espontâneo. Tal parâmetro mostrou associação significante com PPT (p OBJECTIVE: To verify if different morphological ultrasonographic markers such as the funneling sign and the cervical gland area can be predictors of spontaneous premature delivery in pregnant women between 21 and 24 weeks of gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study in which 361 women with 21 to 24 weeks of gestation were examined by transvaginal ultrasonography. The gestational age at delivery was later checked by telephone or mail. RESULTS: Spontaneous preterm delivery (SPD occurred in 5% of the patients. Cervical funneling occurred in 4.2% of the women and in 22.2% of those who had SPD. This finding was correlated to preterm delivery (p < 0.001; relative risk of 6.68. Absence of a hypoechoic area peripheral to the cervical canal consistent with endocervical epithelium glands, namely endocervical glandular echo (EGE feature, was detected in 2.8% of all patients and in 44.4% of those who developed spontaneous preterm labor. There was a statistically significant association of this feature to SPD (p < 0.001; relative risk of 28.57. Multivariance logistic regression analysis showed that this was the feature with strongest correlation with SPD, when compared to cervical funneling. CONCLUSION: Prediction of SPD through

  7. Precipitous Dehydroepiandrosterone Declines Reflect Decreased Physical Vitality and Function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rendina, Danielle N; Ryff, Carol D; Coe, Christopher L

    2017-06-01

    Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated form, DHEA-S, peak in young adulthood and then decrease dramatically with age. However, there is extensive variation in this age-related hormone decline, suggesting an early decrement may be associated with lower vitality and be prognostic of poor health in old age. To determine whether DHEA-S and DHEA are correlated with physical indices of vitality, hormone levels were analyzed with respect to clinical health histories, physical functioning including grip strength, gait speed and repetitive standing, and self-reported chronic pain. The participants (N = 1,214) were 35-86 years of age from a nationally representative survey, Midlife Development in the United States. DHEA-S and DHEA below age-expected levels were associated with more chronic illness conditions and self-reported persistent pain and pain sensitivity upon manual palpation. Additionally, lower DHEA-S and DHEA correlated with poorer performance on tests of physical functioning by middle age suggesting a more precipitous decline is already indicative of reduced vigor and physical strength. When considered with respect to age- and gender-typical norms, larger decrements in DHEA-S and DHEA may be causally related to the loss of physical vitality. Conversely, when hormone secretion is sustained in older adults, it conveys reduced risk for the physical weakness and ailments that precede frailty. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Skin wounds vitality markers in forensic pathology: An updated review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casse, Jean-Matthieu; Martrille, Laurent; Vignaud, Jean-Michel; Gauchotte, Guillaume

    2016-04-01

    Wound age evaluation is one of the most challenging issues in forensic pathology. In the first minutes or hours, standard histological examination may not determine whether the wound was inflicted in the pre- or post-mortem period. While red blood cell infiltration is classically considered as a sign of vital reaction, several studies have shown that extravasation of blood cells may also occur after death and cannot be used as a reliable marker in the diagnosis of wound vitality. Numerous studies about wound vitality are available in the literature. They have evaluated markers involved in coagulation or inflammation, using various methods such as enzymology, molecular biology or immunohistochemistry. In this update, we first introduce some methodological principles. Then, we review the main studies available in the literature. Immunohistochemistry seems to be the most valuable method, given its easy application and the possibility to analyse the localization of the molecules of interest. Some markers are promising, such as CD15, TNFα, IL-6, IL-1β, TGFα or TGFβ1. Prior to their application in daily practice, these early results need to be confirmed with other studies, conducted by independent teams and integrating multiple controls. Most notably, the antibodies have to be tested in numerous post-mortem wounds. Indeed, a critical risk of overexpression in post-mortem wounds is present. Some promising markers have been later invalidated because of post-mortem false positivity. Finally, optimal sensitivity and specificity values could probably be reached by combining several markers, validated by large groups of pre- and post-mortem wounds.

  9. The cross-cultural importance of satisfying vital needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Allen Andrew A

    2009-11-01

    Ethical beliefs may vary across cultures but there are things that must be valued as preconditions to any cultural practice. Physical and mental abilities vital to believing, valuing and practising a culture are such preconditions and it is always important to protect them. If one is to practise a distinct culture, she must at least have these basic abilities. Access to basic healthcare is one way to ensure that vital abilities are protected. John Rawls argued that access to all-purpose primary goods must be ensured. Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum claim that universal capabilities are what resources are meant to enable. Len Doyal and Ian Gough identify physical health and autonomy as basic needs of every person in every culture. When we disagree on what to prioritize, when resources to satisfy competing demands are scarce, our common needs can provide a point of normative convergence. Need-based rationing, however, has been criticized for being too indeterminate to give guidance for deciding which healthcare services to prioritize and for tending to create a bottomless-pit problem. But there is a difference between needing something (first-order need) and needing to have the ability to need (second-order need). Even if we disagree about which first-order need to prioritize, we must accept the importance of satisfying our second-order need to have the ability to value things. We all have a second-order need for basic healthcare as a means to protect our vital abilities even if we differ in what our cultures consider to be particular first-order needs.

  10. Desarrollo estratégico-pedagógico para la elaboración y utilización de un software interactivo como herramienta complementaria para la enseñanza de educación ambiental, dirigido a los alumnos de los quintos de básica de la escuela padre Carlos Crespi; período 2009-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Tamayo Cabrera, Karina Paola

    2010-01-01

    Este es un trabajo encaminado a la utilización de la tecnología en la planificación y diseño de un recurso didáctico para fomentar el cuidado medio ambiental. Está pedagógicamente elaborado bajo una estrategia detallada paso a paso para adaptarse a las necesidades educativas de los niños de Quinto de Básica según su Desarrollo Evolutivo. El producto de tesis consta de cinco pasos: 1. Documentación Científica; 2. Definición de Teorías Pedagógicas Base; 3. Detección de las Necesidades; 4. Di...

  11. Vital sign monitoring utilizing Eulerian video magnification and thermography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubakir, Bauyrzhan; Nurimbetov, Birzhan; Tursynbek, Iliyas; Varol, Huseyin Atakan

    2016-08-01

    In this paper we present a proof of concept for non-contact extraction of vital signs using RGB and thermal images obtained from a smart phone. Using our method, heart rate, respiratory rate and forehead temperature can be measured concurrently. Face detection and tracking is leveraged in order to allow natural motion of patients. Heart rate is estimated via processing of visible band RGB video using Eulerian Video Magnification technique. Respiratory rate and the temperature is measured using thermal video. Experiments conducted with 11 healthy subjects indicate that heart rate and respiration rate can be measured with 92 and 94 percent accuracy, respectively.

  12. Speckle POF sensor for detecting vital signs of patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomer, M.; Rodriguez-Cobo, L.; Revilla, P.; Herrero, G.; Madruga, F.; Lopez-Higuera, J. M.

    2014-05-01

    In this work, both arterial pulse and respiratory rate have been successfully measured based on changes in speckle patterns of multimode fibers. Using two fiber-based transducers, one located on the wrist and another in the chest, both disturbances were transmitted to the fiber, varying the speckle pattern. These variations of the speckle pattern were captured using a commercial webcam and further processed using different methods. The achieved results have been presented and the simultaneous monitoring of both vital signs has been also discussed. The feasibility to use the proposed sensor system for this application is demonstrated.

  13. Microbend fiber optic sensor for perioperative pediatric vital signs monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhihao; Hee, Hwan Ing; Ng, Soon Huat; Teo, Ju Teng; Yang, Xiufeng; Wang, Dier

    2017-02-01

    We have demonstrated a highly sensitive microbend fiber optic sensor for perioperative pediatric vital signs monitoring that is free from direct contact with skin, cableless, electromagnetic interference free and low cost. The feasibility of our device was studied on infants undergoing surgery and 10 participants ranging from one month to 12 months were enrolled. The sensor was placed under a barrier sheet on the operating table. All patients received standard intraoperative monitoring. The results showed good agreement in heart rate and respiratory rate between our device and the standard physiological monitoring when signals are clean.

  14. CDC Vital Signs-Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2015-11-24

    This podcast is based on the November 24, 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Preexposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is a daily medicine that can be used to prevent getting HIV. PrEP is for people who don’t have HIV but who are at very high risk for getting it from sex or injection drug use. Unfortunately, many people who can benefit from PrEP aren’t taking it.  Created: 11/24/2015 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 11/24/2015.

  15. Vital Signs – Defeating Breast Cancer

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-11-12

    This podcast is based on the November 2012 CDC Vital Signs report. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States. Better screening and treatment have contributed to a decline in breast cancer deaths, however, not all women have benefited equally from these improvements. Learn how we can all help reduce deaths from breast cancer.  Created: 11/12/2012 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 11/12/2012.

  16. Afrontamiento, resiliencia y bienestar a lo largo del ciclo vital

    OpenAIRE

    Mayordomo, Teresa

    2013-01-01

    El ser humano a lo largo del ciclo vital se enfrenta situaciones y sucesos para los que debe poner en marcha estrategias de afrontamiento que faciliten su adaptación y generen bienestar. La mayoría de los teóricos del afrontamiento (Carver, Scheier y Weintraub, 1989; Lazarus y Folkman, 1984; Moos, 1988; Moos y Billing, 1982), concuerdan en clasificar tres dominios generales de las estrategias según cómo éstas estén dirigidas a: la valoración (afrontamiento cognitivo), un intento de encontr...

  17. Vital tooth with periapical lesion: spontaneous healing after conservative treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Joo Kim

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available It is often presumed that apical periodontitis follows total pulp necrosis, and consequently root canal treatment is commonly performed. Periapical lesion development is usually caused by bacteria and its byproduct which irritate pulp, develop pulpitis, and result in necrosis through an irreversible process. Afterwards, apical periodontitis occurs. This phenomenon is observed as an apical radiolucency in radiographic view. However, this unusual case presents a spontaneous healing of periapical lesion, which has developed without pulp necrosis in a vital tooth, through conservative treatment.

  18. Informe Signos Vitales de los CDC Obesidad infantil - (Childhood Obesity)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-08-06

    Este podcast se basa en el informe Signos Vitales de los CDC de agosto del 2013. La tasa de obesidad entre los niños en edad prescolar de bajos ingresos ha disminuido, pero todavía uno de cada seis niños hispanos es obeso. Este programa habla brevemente sobre lo que se puede hacer.  Created: 8/6/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 8/6/2013.

  19. Afrontamiento, resiliencia y bienestar a lo largo del ciclo vital

    OpenAIRE

    Mayordomo Rodriguez,Teresa

    2013-01-01

    El ser humano a lo largo del ciclo vital se enfrenta situaciones y sucesos para los que debe poner en marcha estrategias de afrontamiento que faciliten su adaptación y generen bienestar. La mayoría de los teóricos del afrontamiento (Carver, Scheier y Weintraub, 1989; Lazarus y Folkman, 1984; Moos, 1988; Moos y Billing, 1982), concuerdan en clasificar tres dominios generales de las estrategias según cómo éstas estén dirigidas a: la valoración (afrontamiento cognitivo), un intento de encontr...

  20. Sustaining librarian vitality: embedded librarianship model for health sciences libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lin; Mi, Misa

    2013-01-01

    With biomedical information widely accessible from anywhere at any time, health sciences libraries have become less centralized, and they are challenged to stay relevant and vital to the mission and strategic goals of their home institution. One solution is to embed librarians at strategic points in health professions' education, research, and patient care. This article discusses a proposed five-level model of embedded librarianship within the context of health sciences libraries and describes different roles, knowledge, and skills desirable for health sciences librarians working as embedded librarians.

  1. CDC Vital Signs-E-cigarette Ads and Youth

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-01-05

    This podcast is based on the January 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Most electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, contain nicotine, which is highly addictive and may harm brain development. More than 18 million middle and high school students were exposed to e-cigarette ads. Exposure to these ads may be contributing to an increase in e-cigarette use among youth. Learn what can be done to keep our youth safe and healthy.  Created: 1/5/2016 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/5/2016.

  2. Efeitos de dois parâmetros antropométricos no comportamento do sinal mecanomiográfico em testes de força muscular Effects of two anthropometric parameters in the behavior of the mechanomyographic signal on muscle force tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Polato

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da mecanomiografia (MMG ser uma técnica com crescente destaque em investigações relativas ao fenômeno da contração muscular, poucos trabalhos se dedicaram a entender os possíveis efeitos de variáveis antropométricas no sinal de MMG. Portanto, o objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da dobra cutânea e do perímetro do braço no comportamento do sinal de MMG nos domínios do tempo e da freqüência em diferentes níveis de contração isométrica. Participaram do estudo 21 indivíduos do sexo masculino (24,9 ± 7,8 anos e 21 do feminino (20,7 ± 2,5 anos, todos destros. O protocolo experimental constou de um teste de contração voluntária máxima (CVM que permitiu determinar cinco cargas percentuais administradas durante os testes de força (20%, 40%, 60%, 80% e 100% da CVM. Um acelerômetro biaxial foi colocado sobre o ventre muscular do bíceps braquial direito. O sinal de MMG foi analisado nos domínios do tempo, mediante o comportamento da amplitude do sinal, por meio do cálculo da raiz média quadrática (valor RMS, e da freqüência, através da freqüência mediana (FM calculada a partir do seu espectro de potência. Estes parâmetros foram extraídos a partir dos sinais gerados na direção X, perpendicular às fibras musculares. Foram também medidos os parâmetros antropométricos dobra cutânea biciptal (BD_DC_B e perímetros de braço relaxado (BD_PR e contraído (BD_PC no terço médio do braço direito. Ambos os grupos apresentaram um comportamento decrescente da FM com o nível de contração. O valor RMS apresentou comportamento crescente com a carga para ambos os grupos. Houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas (p In spite of being a useful method on muscle contraction analysis, few studies have been dedicated to understand how some anthropometrical parameters can interfere in the mechanomyographic (MMG signal properties. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of skinfold

  3. Bleaching in vital deciduous teeth – a clinical case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been growing concern and search for esthetic beauty and harmony over the last few years. This concern does not form part ofadults’ lives only, but also of children’s. Among the substances used for bleaching dental structures, the most outstanding are those whoseactive principle is hydrogen peroxide-based . The present study reports a clinical case of a 4-year-old girl that suffered trauma of tooth 61 with consequent color alteration, but with no alteration in pulp vitality. The main complaint by the patient and her guardians concerned esthetics, therefore external dental bleaching was performed, using Opalescence Xtra® (Ultradent, in two sessions with an interval of one month between them. External in office bleaching was the treatment of choice, due to the tooth vitality, patient’s age and presence of only one darkened tooth. After the bleaching treatments an improvement in the darkening was observed, and both the child and her guardians were satisfied with the esthetic result.

  4. Active Aging Promotion: Results from the Vital Aging Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariagiovanna Caprara

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Active aging is one of the terms in the semantic network of aging well, together with others such as successful, productive, competent aging. All allude to the new paradigm in gerontology, whereby aging is considered from a positive perspective. Most authors in the field agree active aging is a multidimensional concept, embracing health, physical and cognitive fitness, positive affect and control, social relationships and engagement. This paper describes Vital Aging, an individual active aging promotion program implemented through three modalities: Life, Multimedia, and e-Learning. The program was developed on the basis of extensive evidence about individual determinants of active aging. The different versions of Vital Aging are described, and four evaluation studies (both formative and summative are reported. Formative evaluation reflected participants’ satisfaction and expected changes; summative evaluations yielded some quite encouraging results using quasi-experimental designs: those who took part in the programs increased their physical exercise, significantly improved their diet, reported better memory, had better emotional balance, and enjoyed more cultural, intellectual, affective, and social activities than they did before the course, thus increasing their social relationships. These results are discussed in the context of the common literature within the field and, also, taking into account the limitations of the evaluations accomplished.

  5. Active aging promotion: results from the vital aging program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caprara, Mariagiovanna; Molina, María Ángeles; Schettini, Rocío; Santacreu, Marta; Orosa, Teresa; Mendoza-Núñez, Víctor Manuel; Rojas, Macarena; Fernández-Ballesteros, Rocío

    2013-01-01

    Active aging is one of the terms in the semantic network of aging well, together with others such as successful, productive, competent aging. All allude to the new paradigm in gerontology, whereby aging is considered from a positive perspective. Most authors in the field agree active aging is a multidimensional concept, embracing health, physical and cognitive fitness, positive affect and control, social relationships and engagement. This paper describes Vital Aging, an individual active aging promotion program implemented through three modalities: Life, Multimedia, and e-Learning. The program was developed on the basis of extensive evidence about individual determinants of active aging. The different versions of Vital Aging are described, and four evaluation studies (both formative and summative) are reported. Formative evaluation reflected participants' satisfaction and expected changes; summative evaluations yielded some quite encouraging results using quasi-experimental designs: those who took part in the programs increased their physical exercise, significantly improved their diet, reported better memory, had better emotional balance, and enjoyed more cultural, intellectual, affective, and social activities than they did before the course, thus increasing their social relationships. These results are discussed in the context of the common literature within the field and, also, taking into account the limitations of the evaluations accomplished.

  6. Pulpal inflammation after vital tooth bleaching with 38% hydrogen peroxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardiny Andriani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: In-office vital tooth bleaching is a treatment to remove tooth stains. Tooth sensitivity is one of side effect commonly complained by patients receiving this treatment. Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine histological inflammatory cells infiltration of dental pulp after application of 38% H2O2 as a vital tooth bleaching agent. Methods: Under informed consent, a total of 15 premolars from 8 healthy subjects scheduled for orthodontic extraction were used in this study. Thirty eight percent H2O2 was applied on the buccal surface of the treated group. The treated teeth were extracted after 1 hour, 5, 8, and 15 days. All specimens were embedded in paraffin wax, sectioned serially and stained with Hematoxyllin Eosin. Histological specimens were then observed under a light microscope. Results: All treated groups showed a slight disorganization of odontoblasts layer and slight inflammation in the pulp tissue adjacent to the 38% H2O2 application site. The number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN had increased significantly 1 hour after application of 38% H2O2 (p<0.05, while macrophages had significantly increased 5 days after the application (p<0.05. The most intense PMN and macrophages infiltration was found 5 days after the application and gradually decreased 8 days after application of38% H2O2. Conclusion: Application of 38% H2O2 as a vital tooth bleaching agent induces acute inflammation in human dental pulp; however, the inflammation will decrease 8 days after the application.Latar belakang: Perawatan pemutihan gigi vital metode in-office merupakan tindakan untuk menghilangkan pewarnaan pada gigi. Salah satu efek samping yang sering dikeluhkan oleh pasien yang menjalani perawatan ini adalah sensitivitas gigi. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengamati infiltrasi sel inflamasi pada pulpa gigi setelah aplikasi H2O2 38% sebagai bahan pemutih gigi. Metode: Sampel penelitian ini berupa 15 gigi premolar yang berasal dari 8

  7. Signos Vitales de los CDC Cómo prevenir los brotes de norovirus (Vital Signs-Preventing Norovirus Outbreaks)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-06-03

    Este podcast se basa en la edición de junio del 2014 del informe Signos Vitales de los CDC. Los norovirus infectan cada año a cerca de 20 millones de personas en los Estados Unidos. Sepa cómo protegerse y proteger a su familia de esta enfermedad que es muy contagiosa y potencialmente grave.  Created: 6/3/2014 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 6/3/2014.

  8. CDC Signos Vitales: Enfermedad del legionario (CDC Vital Signs–Legionnaires’ Disease)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-06-07

    Este podcast se basa en la edición de junio del 2016 del informe Signos Vitales de los CDC. Las personas pueden contraer la enfermedad del legionario, un tipo grave de infección pulmonar, al inhalar pequeñas gotitas de agua contaminada con bacterias Legionella. Obtenga más información sobre lo que se puede hacer para ayudar a prevenir brotes de enfermedad del legionario y mantener seguras a las personas.  Created: 6/7/2016 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 6/7/2016.

  9. Errors, Omissions, and Outliers in Hourly Vital Signs Measurements in Intensive Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslove, David M; Dubin, Joel A; Shrivats, Arvind; Lee, Joon

    2016-11-01

    To empirically examine the prevalence of errors, omissions, and outliers in hourly vital signs recorded in the ICU. Retrospective analysis of vital signs measurements from a large-scale clinical data warehouse (Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III). Data were collected from the medical, surgical, cardiac, and cardiac surgery ICUs of a tertiary medical center in the United States. We analyzed data from approximately 48,000 ICU stays including approximately 28 million vital signs measurements. None. We used the vital sign day as our unit of measurement, defined as all the recordings from a single patient for a specific vital sign over a single 24-hour period. Approximately 30-40% of vital sign days included at least one gap of greater than 70 minutes between measurements. Between 3% and 10% of blood pressure measurements included logical inconsistencies. With the exception of pulse oximetry vital sign days, the readings in most vital sign days were normally distributed. We found that 15-38% of vital sign days contained at least one statistical outlier, of which 6-19% occurred simultaneously with outliers in other vital signs. We found a significant number of missing, erroneous, and outlying vital signs measurements in a large ICU database. Our results provide empirical evidence of the nonrepresentativeness of hourly vital signs. Additional studies should focus on determining optimal sampling frequencies for recording vital signs in the ICU.

  10. Concordancia entre capacidad vital lenta y capacidad vital forzada en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica o con sospecha de ella

    OpenAIRE

    Hidalgo Martínez, Patricia

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo. Determinar la concordancia en términos de consistencia entre la capacidad vital lenta y la capacidad vital forzada en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) o remitidos por sospecha de EPOC. Diseño. Estudio de concordancia en términos de consistencia entre la capacidad vital lenta (CVL) y la capacidad vital forzada (CVF) en pacientes con EPOC o remitidos por sospecha de EPOC. Lugar. Se llevó a cabo en el Laboratorio de Función Pulmonar del Hospital Universitari...

  11. To Vitalize the Northeast and Win Quality Address at the Forum on the Strategy for Implementing the Vitalization of the Northeast Old Industry Base Held by AQSIQ (selection)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The forum on the strategy for implementing the vitalization of the northeast old industry base was held on June 13th, 2005 in Shengyang by the General Adminitration of Quality supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R. China (AQSIQ). The leaders in charge of the State Council Office of Northeast Vitalization and the Provincial Office of Vitalization of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang were invited to attend the forum. At the forum, Director of AQSIQ Li Changjiang made active response to the issues surrounding "how the central government policy of vitalizing Northeast can be fulfilled"and "how the departments of quality inspection can fulfill their duty and play an active role".

  12. Connecting HRM and Change Management: The Importance of Proactivity and Vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Tummers (Lars); P.M. Kruyen; D. Vijverberg (Dominique); T. Voesenek (Tessa)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ __Purpose__: Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it is

  13. Connecting HRM and Change Management: The Importance of Proactivity and Vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Tummers (Lars); P.M. Kruyen; D. Vijverberg (Dominique); T. Voesenek (Tessa)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ __Purpose__: Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it

  14. From substantival to functional vitalism and beyond: animas, organisms and attitudes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles T. Wolfe

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than fully mechanistic models can. I discuss representative figures of the Montpellier school (Bordeu, Ménuret, Fouquet as functional rather than substantival vitalists, and suggest an additional point regarding the reprisal of vitalism(s in the 20th century, from Driesch to Canguilhem: that in addition to the substantival and functional varieties, we encounter a third species of vitalism, which I term ‘attitudinal’, as it argues for vitalism as a kind of attitude.

  15. From substantival to functional vitalism and beyond: animas, organisms and attitudes.

    OpenAIRE

    Wolfe, Charles T.

    2011-01-01

    I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive) vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than...

  16. A Hydrate Database: Vital to the Technical Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Sloan

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Natural gas hydrates may contain more energy than all the combined other fossil fuels, causing hydrates to be a potentially vital aspect of both energy and climate change. This article is an overview of the motivation, history, and future of hydrate data management using a CODATA vehicle to connect international hydrate databases. The basis is an introduction to the Gas Hydrate Markup Language (GHML to connect various hydrate databases. The accompanying four articles on laboratory hydrate data by Smith et al., on field hydrate data by L?wner et al., on hydrate modeling by Wang et al., and on construction of a Chinese gas hydrate system by Xiao et al. provide details of GHML in their respective areas.

  17. Coping strategies in adolescents with non-vital emotional experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. S. Pavlova

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Our aim was to study the relationship of coping strategies choice and anti-vital experiences and the overall emotional well-being in adolescents. In October 2012, we surveyed 145 students of Moscow secondary school (54 boys, 91 girls aged 12 to 16 years. The survey was conducted by a block of psychodiagnostic methods, testing emotional disadaptation, presence of suicidal thoughts and ways of coping with stressful situations. It was found that 22,8% of the participants reported presence of suicidal thoughts. Specific to adolescents with suicidal attitude were high social and interpersonal anxiety and severity of non-adaptive coping strategies, such as “self-incrimination” and “comparing oneself with the others”.

  18. The origin of carbon isotope vital effects in coccolith calcite

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, H. L. O.; Bruggeman, J.; Hermoso, M.; Rickaby, R. E. M.

    2017-03-01

    Calcite microfossils are widely used to study climate and oceanography in Earth's geological past. Coccoliths, readily preserved calcite plates produced by a group of single-celled surface-ocean dwelling algae called coccolithophores, have formed a significant fraction of marine sediments since the Late Triassic. However, unlike the shells of foraminifera, their zooplankton counterparts, coccoliths remain underused in palaeo-reconstructions. Precipitated in an intracellular chemical and isotopic microenvironment, coccolith calcite exhibits large and enigmatic departures from the isotopic composition of abiogenic calcite, known as vital effects. Here we show that the calcification to carbon fixation ratio determines whether coccolith calcite is isotopically heavier or lighter than abiogenic calcite, and that the size of the deviation is determined by the degree of carbon utilization. We discuss the theoretical potential for, and current limitations of, coccolith-based CO2 paleobarometry, that may eventually facilitate use of the ubiquitous and geologically extensive sedimentary archive.

  19. Vital Approach to Transition: Slovene Multiple Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne Winbauer Catana

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses a multiple case study to suggest the effectiveness in application of an integrated model for the design of sustainable change strategies in high velocity environments and organizations. The model integrates awareness of current organizational cultural characteristics with leadership intent and strategy formation. The cultural analysis provides a lens through which diverse organizational values are exposed and stakeholders can assess organizational alignment with the external environment, organizational mission and future vision. Using the inherent differentiation of values as creative tensions, strategies are formulated for purposeful change to improve alignment. Leadership inquiry is used to suggest an alignment of personal intent with the strategic initiatives to project sustainable change. This Values, Inquiry, and Tensions Alignment for Leadership model (VITAL is applied as an intervention sequence which provides information, direction, and motivation for sustainable change in transition organizations and environments.

  20. The origin of carbon isotope vital effects in coccolith calcite

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, H. L. O.; Bruggeman, J.; Hermoso, M.; Rickaby, R. E. M.

    2017-01-01

    Calcite microfossils are widely used to study climate and oceanography in Earth's geological past. Coccoliths, readily preserved calcite plates produced by a group of single-celled surface-ocean dwelling algae called coccolithophores, have formed a significant fraction of marine sediments since the Late Triassic. However, unlike the shells of foraminifera, their zooplankton counterparts, coccoliths remain underused in palaeo-reconstructions. Precipitated in an intracellular chemical and isotopic microenvironment, coccolith calcite exhibits large and enigmatic departures from the isotopic composition of abiogenic calcite, known as vital effects. Here we show that the calcification to carbon fixation ratio determines whether coccolith calcite is isotopically heavier or lighter than abiogenic calcite, and that the size of the deviation is determined by the degree of carbon utilization. We discuss the theoretical potential for, and current limitations of, coccolith-based CO2 paleobarometry, that may eventually facilitate use of the ubiquitous and geologically extensive sedimentary archive. PMID:28262764

  1. Maturogenesis of non-vital immature permanent teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalaskar, Ritesh R; Kalaskar, Ashita R

    2013-04-01

    Pulpal necrosis in young permanent teeth often results in teeth with open apex, thin root walls and poor crown root ratio. Out of the available treatment options maturogenesis has been the most conservative option that exploits full potential of pulp for dentin deposition. Maturogenesis involves disinfecting the root canal system followed by stimulation of blood clot from the periapical tissue, which provides a matrix into which the cell could grow and sealing the coronal excess. In the present case report, tri antibacterial paste (3 Mix) was used as an intracanal medicament that proved successful in stimulating vital pulp cells of the periapical region for maturogenesis. Five months radiograph follow-up showed thickening of lateral dentinal walls, which progress until 15 months resulting in apical closure, thickening of lateral dentinal walls and increase root length.

  2. Maturogenesis of non-vital immature permanent teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritesh R Kalaskar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulpal necrosis in young permanent teeth often results in teeth with open apex, thin root walls and poor crown root ratio. Out of the available treatment options maturogenesis has been the most conservative option that exploits full potential of pulp for dentin deposition. Maturogenesis involves disinfecting the root canal system followed by stimulation of blood clot from the periapical tissue, which provides a matrix into which the cell could grow and sealing the coronal excess. In the present case report, tri antibacterial paste (3 Mix was used as an intracanal medicament that proved successful in stimulating vital pulp cells of the periapical region for maturogenesis. Five months radiograph follow-up showed thickening of lateral dentinal walls, which progress until 15 months resulting in apical closure, thickening of lateral dentinal walls and increase root length.

  3. Evolution and vitality of seagrasses in a Mediterranean lagoon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrat, Lila; Fernandez, C; Pasqualini, V; Pergent, G; Pergent-Martini, C

    2003-08-01

    Despite their registration on the list of the Ramsar convention sites, the Mediterranean lagoons rarely beneficiate of an effective protection, and are particularly sensitive to environmental quality. A control of these wetlands needs the creation of an inventory of knowledge for the concerned environment. In this perspective, the seagrass beds were followed up in the coastal lagoon of Urbino (Corse, France) since 1990. A cartographic study was carried out by remote sensing of aerial photography. Temporal evolution of the seagrass beds (Cymodocea nodosa principally) allows to determine the vitality of these structures. A comparison of the surface areas occupied by Cymodocea nodosa, between 1990 and 1999, did not allow seeing any significant evolution. However, some variations appear like biotopes all more fragile and coveted as the Mediterranean coastal fringe is straight and is the privileged site of appear in the localization of the beds, due to the modification of environmental conditions in the lagoon.

  4. Vitality of Neural Networks under Reoccurring Catastrophic Failures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sardi, Shira; Goldental, Amir; Amir, Hamutal; Vardi, Roni; Kanter, Ido

    2016-08-17

    Catastrophic failures are complete and sudden collapses in the activity of large networks such as economics, electrical power grids and computer networks, which typically require a manual recovery process. Here we experimentally show that excitatory neural networks are governed by a non-Poissonian reoccurrence of catastrophic failures, where their repetition time follows a multimodal distribution characterized by a few tenths of a second and tens of seconds timescales. The mechanism underlying the termination and reappearance of network activity is quantitatively shown here to be associated with nodal time-dependent features, neuronal plasticity, where hyperactive nodes damage the response capability of their neighbors. It presents a complementary mechanism for the emergence of Poissonian catastrophic failures from damage conductivity. The effect that hyperactive nodes degenerate their neighbors represents a type of local competition which is a common feature in the dynamics of real-world complex networks, whereas their spontaneous recoveries represent a vitality which enhances reliable functionality.

  5. De la raison vitale à la raison historique

    OpenAIRE

    Giustiniani, Eve

    2010-01-01

    Ortega y Gasset, alors qu’il s’éloigne de l’activité politique suite à la crise de 1917, se consacre à la philosophie et analyse la crise de l’Espagne et de l’Europe comme une « crise des Temps modernes ». Le concept de raison vitale, qu’il propose pour surmonter les apories de la modernité et de la raison pure, se déploie sous la forme de la raison historique. Clé de voûte du projet philosophique d’Ortega, la raison historique lui permet de réintroduire la notion de politique, en associant c...

  6. Why Packaging Is Commercially Vital for Tobacco Corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barraclough, Simon; Gleeson, Deborah

    2017-03-01

    This study analyses what British American Tobacco (BAT) and its 4 publicly listed Asian subsidiary companies have told their shareholders about the commercial value of tobacco packaging. The discourse on packaging in BAT annual reports was analyzed, revealing themes of modernization, rejuvenation, internationalism, heritage, innovation, value for money, and competitive edge. Packaging was credited with providing existing brands with a competitive edge and enabling the successful "launch" of new ones. Since advertising, sponsorship, and free samples were prohibited in many countries, packaging has become more important for advertising. New brands and brand variants have proliferated. BAT companies have allocated considerable resources to regularly altering packaging for marketing purposes. Clearly, restrictions on packaging will substantially detract from the promotion of the company's brands. The findings provide further evidence from industry sources of the vital function of packaging and further justify plain packaging as an essential part of any comprehensive tobacco control policy.

  7. The vital issues process: Strategic planning for a changing world

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Engi, D.; Glicken, J.

    1995-05-01

    The Vital Issues process (VIp) is a strategic planning tool initially developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for the Office of Foreign Intelligence (OFI)* of the US Department of Energy (DOE). It was further developed and refined through its application to a variety of strategic purposes for a range of public and semipublic organizations. The VIp provides a structured mechanism for assisting organizations in accomplishing specified objectives by identifying and prioritizing a portfolio of strategic issues, programmatic areas, or responses to a specified problem. It employs day-long panel meetings in a specified format to elicit a broad range of perspectives on a particular issue in a nonconfrontational manner and to facilitate the interaction and synthesis of diverse viewpoints on a specific topic. The VIp is unique in its incorporation of two primary approaches in each panel session: a qualitative or transactional segment, which entails the synthesis of the alternatives through negotiations or discussion, and a quantitative or net benefit maximization segment, an analytical approach, which involves prioritization of the alternatives using pairwise comparisons. This combination of facilitated group discussion and quantitative ranking provides input to strategic management decisions in the form of stakeholder-defined and -prioritized items as well as information on potential barriers to the implementation of policies and programs. This is the final volume in the series Identifying Vital Issues: New Intelligence Strategies for a New World, a three-volume set that gives an accounting of the VIp as implemented for OFI. This volume provides an in-depth description of the methodology used in the VIp.

  8. Vital stability of territory: the contents and ways of strengthening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Stepanovich Bochko

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows that the traditional outlook on development of territories as the process of alignment of their socio-economic development with the help of external influences should be advanced and replaced by a new vision. The purpose of the work is the definition of the basic rules of the concept of vital stability of territories. The creation by the local population of the riches and well being by expansion of manufacturing industry on the basis of the use of intelligence — technological and moral — ethical factors are shown as the basic contents of the offered concept. A consequence of such approach is the growing feedback of made expenses, as technologically completed production will be realized but not raw material or semi-finished item. Only the differentiation industrial development of the territory is capable to deduce it from a condition of poverty and depression. The understanding of development of the territory as creation of conditions for growth of people’s wellbeing and formation of a man as a person is opened. The accent of the attention on the promotion of a man not only as the purpose of transformation of territory, but also as the factor of its safe development through an increase of his or her intellectual and spiritual levels is made. The measures and instruction on innovation to the strengthening of vital stability of territories are offered. The separate results of research were used at the prolongation of the Plan for strategic development of Yekaterinburg up to 2020. Authorities of territories at the formation of their development strategy can apply the new offered rules.

  9. The Impact of Inter-Ethnic Discordance on Subjective Vitality Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin; Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

    2011-01-01

    Subjective ethno-linguistic vitality expresses a group's perception of its own ability to act as a distinctive collective entity in intergroup encounters. Although subjective vitality questionnaires have proved to be reliable instruments of measurement, there has been criticism that they underestimate actual vitality (see Yagmur, this issue). A…

  10. Empirical Evaluation of a Mathematical Model of Ethnolinguistic Vitality: The Case of Voro

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehala, Martin; Niglas, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents the results of an empirical evaluation of a mathematical model of ethnolinguistic vitality. The model adds several new factors to the set used in previous models of ethnolinguistic vitality and operationalises it in a manner that would make it easier to compare the vitality of different groups. According to the model, the…

  11. Expanding the Discussion of Faculty Vitality to Include Productive but Disengaged Senior Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huston, Therese A.; Norman, Marie; Ambrose, Susan A.

    2007-01-01

    In this essay, the authors begin by examining and challenging the way in which faculty vitality has been operationalized in the past, arguing for the value of institution-specific analysis of the faculty vitality issue. They then propose alternative models for understanding previously unexplored aspects of faculty vitality, drawing on research in…

  12. Incidence of post-operative pain following single visit endodontics in vital and non-vital teeth: An in vivo study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhagwat, Sumita; Mehta, Deepil

    2013-01-01

    This clinical study was conducted to compare the post-operative pain following single visit endodontics in vital and non-vital teeth, with and without periapical radiolucency. A total of 60 adult patients requiring root canal therapy in anterior and premolar teeth were selected for this study. Single sitting root canal treatment was carried out and the subjects were recalled after 2 weeks and instructed to fill out a series of self-report questionnaires for responses about pain in the interim after 1 day, 2 day, 3 day, 1 week and 2 weeks. In vital teeth (Group I) 60% of the treated cases had pain, of which 36% had mild pain (non-significant) and 24% had moderate pain (significant). In non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency (Group II) 64% of cases had pain, of which 48% had mild pain (non-significant) and 16% had moderate pain (significant). In non-vital teeth with periapical radiolucency (Group III) 32% of the cases had pain of which 24% had mild pain (non-significant) and 8% had moderate pain (significant). None of the teeth in any of the groups had severe pain. There was no statistical difference between incidence of pain in vital and non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency. Non-vital teeth with periapical radiolucency exhibited relatively less pain as compared with non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency, but the pain continued in a significant percent of teeth even after 2 weeks. Pain incidence dropped significantly within a period of 1 day to 2 weeks in vital teeth and non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency. There was a tendency for less incidence of significant pain after a single visit root canal treatment in these groups. Results obtained were comparable with those obtained by several investigators. PMID:24124293

  13. Mediating Role of Mindfulness on the Associations of Friendship Quality and Subjective Vitality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Umran; Akin, Ahmet; Uğur, Erol

    2016-10-01

    This research investigated the mediator role of mindfulness on the relationship between friendship quality and subjective vitality. Participants were 273 university students (M age = 21 years, SD = 1.1) who completed a questionnaire package that included the Friendship Quality Scale, the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale, and the Subjective Vitality Scale. Both mindfulness and subjective vitality were correlated positively with friendship quality and subjective vitality was correlated positively with mindfulness. Mindfulness mediated the relationship between friendship quality and subjective vitality. Together, the findings illuminate the importance of friendship quality in psychological and cognitive adjustment. © The Author(s) 2016.

  14. Corantes vitais em cromovitrectomia Vital dyes in chromovitrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Dib

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do artigo é apresentar os dados atuais da aplicação de corantes vitais durante cirurgia vitreorretiniana, "cromovitrectomia", bem como uma revisão da literatura atual sobre o assunto no tocante às técnicas de aplicação, indicações e complicações em cromovitrectomia. Um grande número de publicações tem abordado o perfil tóxico da indocianina verde na cromovitrectomia. Dados experimentais mostram uma toxicidade dose-dependente da mesma em várias populações de células retinianas. Novas gerações de corantes incluem: azul tripan, azul patente, acetato de triancinolona, infracianina verde, fluoresceína sódica, azul de bromofenol, acetato de fluorometolona e azul brilhante. Novos instrumentos podem permitir um corar seletivo de estruturas durante a vitrectomia. Este artigo mostra que o campo da cromovitrectomia está em plena expansão de pesquisas. Os corantes de primeira linha são a indocianina verde, infracianina verde e o azul brilhante. Azul patente, azul de bromofenol e azul tripan surgem como novos adjuvantes para melhor observação da membrana epirretiniana. Demais corantes que surgiram merecem maior investigação.The aim of this article is to present the current data with regard to the application of vital dyes during vitreoretinal surgery, "chromovitrectomy", as well as to overview the current literature regarding the properties of dyes, techniques of application, indications and complications in chromovitrectomy. A large body of published research has recently addressed the toxicity profile of indocyanine green for chromovitrectomy. Experimental data demonstrate dose-dependent toxicity of indocyanine green to various retinal cells. Newer generation vital dyes for chromovitrectomy include trypan blue, patent blue, triamcinolone acetonide, infracyanine green, sodium fluorescein, bromophenol blue, fluorometholone acetate and brilliant blue. Novel instruments may enable a selective painting of preretinal

  15. Density dependence, whitebark pine, and vital rates of grizzly bears

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Manen, Frank T.; Haroldson, Mark A.; Bjornlie, Daniel D; Ebinger, Michael R.; Thompson, Daniel J.; Costello, Cecily M; White, Gary C.

    2016-01-01

    Understanding factors influencing changes in population trajectory is important for effective wildlife management, particularly for populations of conservation concern. Annual population growth of the grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) population in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, USA has slowed from 4.2–7.6% during 1983–2001 to 0.3–2.2% during 2002–2011. Substantial changes in availability of a key food source and bear population density have occurred. Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis), the seeds of which are a valuable but variable fall food for grizzly bears, has experienced substantial mortality primarily due to a mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreak that started in the early 2000s. Positive growth rates of grizzly bears have resulted in populations reaching high densities in some areas and have contributed to continued range expansion. We tested research hypotheses to examine if changes in vital rates detected during the past decade were more associated with whitebark pine decline or, alternatively, increasing grizzly bear density. We focused our assessment on known-fate data to estimate survival of cubs-of-the-year (cubs), yearlings, and independent bears (≥2 yrs), and reproductive transition of females from having no offspring to having cubs. We used spatially and temporally explicit indices for grizzly bear density and whitebark pine mortality as individual covariates. Models indicated moderate support for an increase in survival of independent male bears over 1983–2012, whereas independent female survival did not change. Cub survival, yearling survival, and reproductive transition from no offspring to cubs all changed during the 30-year study period, with lower rates evident during the last 10–15 years. Cub survival and reproductive transition were negatively associated with an index of grizzly bear density, indicating greater declines where bear densities were higher. Our analyses did not support a similar relationship for the

  16. Sleep and pain: interaction of two vital functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roehrs, Timothy; Roth, Thomas

    2005-03-01

    Disturbed sleep is a key complaint of people experiencing acute and chronic pain. These two vital functions, sleep and pain, interact in complex ways that ultimately impact the biological and behavioral capacity of the individual. Polysomnographic studies of patients experiencing acute pain during postoperative recovery show shortened and fragmented sleep with reduced amounts of slow wave and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and the recovery is accompanied by normalization of sleep. Objective assessments of sleep in patients with various chronic pain conditions have been less definitive with some studies showing fragmented and shortened sleep and others showing normal sleep. Although daytime fatigue is a frequent complaint associated with complaints of pain-related disturbed sleep, objective assessments of daytime sleepiness reveal minimally elevated levels of sleepiness and emphasize the importance of distinguishing sleepiness and fatigue. The pain-sleep nexus has been modeled in healthy pain-free subjects and the studies have demonstrated the bidirectionality of the sleep-pain relation. Given this bidirectionality, treatment must focus on alleviation of both the pain and sleep disturbance. Few of the treatment studies have done such, and as a result no clear consensus on treatment approaches, much less on differential etiology-based treatment strategies, has emerged.

  17. Identifying vital effects in Halimeda algae with Ca isotopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. L. Blättler

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Geochemical records of biogenic carbonates provide some of the most valuable records of the geological past, but are often difficult to interpret without a mechanistic understanding of growth processes. In this experimental study, Halimeda algae are used as a test organism to untangle some of the specific factors that influence their skeletal composition, in particular their Ca-isotope composition. Algae were stimulated to precipitate both calcite and aragonite by growth in artificial Cretaceous seawater, resulting in experimental samples with somewhat malformed skeletons. The Ca-isotope fractionation of the algal calcite (−0.6‰ appears to be much smaller than that for the algal aragonite (−1.4‰, similar to the behaviour observed in inorganic precipitates. However, the carbonate from Halimeda has higher Ca-isotope ratios than inorganic forms by approximately 0.25‰, likely because of Rayleigh distillation within the algal intercellular space. In identifying specific vital effects and the magnitude of their influence on Ca-isotope ratios, this study suggests that mineralogy has a first-order control on the marine Ca-isotope cycle.

  18. Vulnerabilidad social y orfandad: trayectoria vital de una adolescente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Isabel Moratilla-Olvera

    2012-01-01

    metodológica es la experiencia individual, ya que a partir de esta, es posible observar las influencias socio-culturales y de las instituciones en el sujeto. En este trabajo, nuestro interés fue el de reflexionar sobre la vulnerabilidad social y la orfandad de las adolescentes, que al vivir en medios socio-cultrales que no les pueden ofrecer diferentes figuras de identificación y alternativas de vida, se embarazan a temprana edad, y así se agudiza su condición de desventaja social. Para ilustrar esta problemática se presenta el reporte de caso de Yoselin, joven de 15 años, huérfana de padre, que se embaraza antes de terminar la educación secundaria. Para dar cuenta del influjo de las instituciones en su trayectoria vital, realizamos un análisis de los registros macro, medio y personal de las dinámicas en las que está inmerso el sujeto.

  19. Franco Modigliani e la teoria del ciclo vitale del consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angus Deaton

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Nei primi anni ’50, Franco Modigliani e il suo studente Richard Brumberg elaborarono una teoria della spesa fondata sull’idea che gli individui effettuano scelte intelligenti su quanto desiderano spendere a ogni età, con il solo limite delle risorse disponibili nel corso della loro vita. Attraverso l’accumulo e il decumulo delle attività, chi lavora può provvedere alla propriapensione e, più in generale, può adattare i propri modelli di consumo alle esigenze che sipresentano alle diverse età, indipendentemente dal reddito disponibile in ogni momento della suavita. Questa semplice teoria conduce a previsioni rilevanti e non scontate per l’economia nel suo complesso, ad esempio che il risparmio nazionale dipende dal tasso di crescita del reddito nazionale e non dal suo livello, e che esiste una semplice relazione tra il livello della ricchezza nelsistema economico e la lunghezza del periodo trascorso in pensione. Tali previsioni, non verificabili negli anni ’50, hanno trovato considerevole sostegno empirico in successivi lavori di Modigliani e di altri ricercatori. Sebbene nel corso degli anni la teoria del consumo abbia subitonumerosi attacchi, i più recenti dei quali mossi da una coalizione di psicologi ed economisti,l’ipotesi del ciclo vitale rimane una parte essenziale del pensiero degli economisti.

  20. Yeast vitality during cider fermentation: assessment by energy metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinsdale, M G; Lloyd, D; McIntyre, P; Jarvis, B

    1999-03-15

    In an apple juice-based medium, an ethanol-tolerant Australian wine-yeast used for cider manufacture produced more than 10% ethanol over a 5 week period. Growth of the inoculum (10(6) organisms ml(-1)) occurred to a population of 3.1 x 10(7) ml(-1) during the first few days; at the end of the fermentation only 5 x 10(5) yeasts ml(-1) could be recovered as colony-forming units on plates. Respiratory and fermentative activities were measured by mass spectrometric measurements (O2 consumption and CO2 and ethanol production) of washed yeast suspensions taken from the cider fermentation at intervals. Both endogenous and glucose-supported energy-yielding metabolism declined, especially during the first 20 days. Levels of adenine nucleotides also showed decreases after day 1, as did adenylate energy charge, although in a prolonged (16.5 week) fermentation the lowest value calculated was 0.55. AMP was released into the medium. 31P-NMR spectra showed that by comparison with aerobically grown yeast, that from the later stages of the cider fermentation showed little polyphosphate. However, as previously concluded from studies of 'acidification power' and fluorescent oxonol dye exclusion (Dinsdale et al., 1995), repitching of yeast indicated little loss of viability despite considerable loss of vitality.

  1. Miniaturized pulse oximeter sensor for continuous vital parameter monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiala, Jens; Reichelt, Stephan; Werber, Armin; Bingger, Philipp; Zappe, Hans; Förster, Katharina; Klemm, Rolf; Heilmann, Claudia; Beyersdorf, Friedhelm

    2007-07-01

    A miniaturized photoplethysmographic sensor system which utilizes the principle of pulse oximetry is presented. The sensor is designed to be implantable and will permit continuous monitoring of important human vital parameters such as arterial blood oxygen saturation as well as pulse rate and shape over a long-term period in vivo. The system employs light emitting diodes and a photo transistor embedded in a transparent elastic cu. which is directly wrapped around an arterial vessel. This paper highlights the specific challenges in design, instrumentation, and electronics associated with that sensor location. In vitro measurements were performed using an artificial circulation system which allows for regulation of the oxygen saturation and pulsatile pumping of whole blood through a section of a domestic pig's arterial vessel. We discuss our experimental results compared to reference CO-oximeter measurements and determine the empirical calibration curve. These results demonstrate the capabilities of the pulse oximeter implant for measurement of a wide range of oxygen saturation levels and pave the way for a continuous and mobile monitoring of high-risk cardiovascular patients.

  2. TED HUGHES’ ANIMAL POEMS: AN EMBODIMENT OF VIOLENCE OR VITALITY?

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    Sheikh Mehedi Hasan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Ted Hughes, a leading contemporary British poet appears to explore, through his creative and poetic imagination, the intensity of archaic energies largely in animal world. He is commonly termed “animal poet” as he composed a significant number of animal poems, expressing his strong interest in animal life. While his contemporaries were committed to “the Movement” and kept articulating angst, anger, negation, narcissism, morbidity, and frustration in their verses, Hughes produced elegant poems of versatile animal world. His poems are expressive of archetypal energy and spontaneous vitality though he is sometimes accused of composing verses of violence. In this essay we will analyse a few of his animal poems to underscore his poetic vivacity which essentially connotes a number of relevant issues of human world. Contemporary issues of Britain can of course be located in his poems, but those obviously go beyond his time and visit and revisit many decades ahead of his life. While exploring Hughes’ poems, we will attempt to attend few issues like why he is found interested in violent energy in animal world and how far his violent imagery expresses vibrant vivacity in his poems. Above all, we will focus on the relevance of reading Hughes’ poems in an era of military might, multi-numbered mutilations, unbound terrors, and all-encompassing violence.

  3. Meibomian orifices and Marx's line. Studied by triple vital staining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norn, M

    1985-12-01

    The ciliary margins of the lower lids have been vital stained by the lipid-specific Sudan III powder, fluorescein 0.1% and the bottom of the lacrimal river (Marx's line) by lissamine green 1% in 100 cases. The Meibomian orifices are situated in a straight row just in front of the Marx's line in the lipid phase. With increasing age (greater than 50 years) the orifices are more often displaced and also discharge their lipid in the depth of the aqueous phase. The number averaged 21.5 in the lipid phase and 1.7 in the aqueous phase. Active orifices staining with lipid were found in 45% of all orifices in normals, independent of age, and were increased in conjunctivitis in the lipid phase. Lissamine green-stained orifices were independent of age, phase and diagnosis. The anterior edge of Marx's line may run an irregular course in elderly normals (greater than 50 years), significantly more often in conjunctivitis and blepharitis.

  4. SOCIAL MEDIA – VITAL INSTRUMENT IN GAINING CONSUMERS CONFIDENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela-Cristina VOICU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Given that, currently, the consumer has become more demanding and organizations face some of the greatest challenges due to the economic climate of recent years, the need to build and cultivate strong relationships has become vital not only for the company's success but also for its survival. And solid relationships are built over time through confidence. Trust is one of the most important elements in the process of purchasing and consumer loyalty; it is difficult to obtain but easy to lose. Companies that are enjoying a high degree of confidence benefit from best quotations for their shares, higher profits and a better retention of the best employees. The effects of the lack of confidence are obvious (unsatisfied consumers, lost sales and very expensive for the company. In this context, through the following paper we seek to bring more understanding on how a company can gain the confidence of consumers given that the forms of communication that consumers prefer and that are gaining momentum currently, are taking place online, especially in the social media.

  5. The animal economy as object and program in Montpellier vitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfe, Charles T; Terada, Motoichi

    2008-12-01

    Our aim in this paper is to show the importance of the notion of éonomie animale in Montpellier vitalism as a hybrid concept which brings together the structural and functional dimensions of the living body--dimensions which hitherto had primarily been studied according to a mechanistic model, or were discussed within the framework of Stahlian animism. The celebrated image of the bee-swarm expresses this structural-functional understanding of living bodies quite well: "One sees them press against each other, mutually supporting each other, forming a kind of whole, in which each living part, in its own way, by means of the correspondence and directions of its motions, enables this kind of life to be sustained in the body" (Ménuret 1765c, Enc. XI, 319a). What is important here is that every component part is always a living part, i.e., every structural unit is always functional. Interestingly, while the twin notions of "animal economy" and organisation are presented as improvements over a mechanistic perspective, they are nonetheless compatible with an expanded sense of mechanism, and by extension, with materialism as reflected notably in the writings of Ménuret and Bordeu. We thus propose both a revision and reconstruction of the historical status of the "animal economy," and a reflection on its conceptual status.

  6. Re-Vitalizing Worthiness: A theory of overcoming suicidality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyn Gordon, RPN, Reg. Fam. Ther. & Sup. (FTAI, MSc, Ph.D.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Rates of suicide and suicidality have risen in many countries in recent years and in Ireland this trend has been particularly evident among young men (NOSP, 2005, focusing attention on how best to respond to this group. Although mental health professionals have been identified as a key group to respond to the suicidal person, it has been suggested that they are ill-prepared for working in this area (Maltsberger & Goldblatt, 1996; Ting et al., 2006; Cutcliffe & Stevenson, 2007. This study aimed to address these issues by developing a theoretical understanding of suicidality among young men to inform professional practice. Using Classic Grounded Theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967, in-depth one-to-one interviews were conducted with 17 young men who had been suicidal and had been in contact with the mental health services. The substantive theory that emerged, re-vitalizing worthiness in overcoming suicidality, describes the psychosocial process that young men go through to resolve their main concern, which centres on their painful pull between life and death. Overcoming suicidality involves moving from a death orientation to a life orientation while incorporating the inevitability of death into their new sense of being. This transition entails identity re-configuration whereby young men emerge as individuals of value who are deserving of life. The process is influenced significantly by personal insights and interpersonal interactions that influence their suicide trajectories and life pathways. The theory contributes to the fields of suicidology and mental health by providing a theoretical understanding of overcoming suicidality and identifying professional and social practices that facilitate and impede this process.

  7. Unraveling Vital Effects: Photosynthesis of Symbiotic Algae in Foraminifera Hosts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish, C.; Phelps, S. R.; Goes, J. I.; Hoenisch, B.

    2015-12-01

    B/Ca and boron isotope proxies recorded in the calcium carbonate shells of planktic foraminifera are sensitive to seawater acidity. We seek to understand how the biology of the organism affects the geochemical signals, as planktic foraminifera shells differ in their chemical composition from inorganic calcite and also between foraminifer species. These differences are most likely related to physiological processes like respiration, calcification, and photosynthesis in symbiont-bearing foraminifera. The modifications of geochemical signals by these biological parameters are termed vital effects. Our study is based on the hypothesis that the B/Ca and δ11B offsets observed in planktic foraminifer shells are primarily due to the photosynthetic activity of their symbionts, which may elevate the microenvironmental pH to different degrees in different foraminifer species. Using fast repetition rate fluorometry, chlorophyll α analyses and symbiont counts, we investigated the symbiont-photosynthetic activity associated with three foraminifera species - Globigerinoides ruber, G. sacculifer, and Orbulina universa. Boron proxy systematics in these species suggest that photosynthetic activity should be greater in G. ruber compared to G. sacculifer and O. universa, but this is not confirmed by our study. While symbiont photosynthesis undoubtedly explains microenvironmental pH-elevation and boron proxy systematics in symbiont-bearing compared to symbiont-barren foraminifer species, additional processes must be responsible for the boron geochemical offsets between symbiont-bearing species. Respiration of the symbiont-host association and the calcification process are most likely candidates that require further analysis. Our study highlights the potential danger of misinterpreting geochemical signals in biological organisms when the biology of the organism in question is not entirely understood.

  8. A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Gerten

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that the interplay of water, carbon and vegetation dynamics fundamentally links some global trends in the current and conceivable future Anthropocene, such as cropland expansion, freshwater use, and climate change and its impacts. Based on a review of recent literature including geographically explicit simulation studies with the process-based LPJmL global biosphere model, it demonstrates that the connectivity of water and vegetation dynamics is vital for water security, food security and (terrestrial ecosystem dynamics alike. The water limitation of net primary production of both natural and agricultural plants – already pronounced in many regions – is shown to increase in many places under projected climate change, though this development is partially offset by water-saving direct CO2 effects. Natural vegetation can to some degree adapt dynamically to higher water limitation, but agricultural crops usually require some form of active management to overcome it – among them irrigation, soil conservation and eventually shifts of cropland to areas that are less water-limited due to more favourable climatic conditions. While crucial to secure food production for a growing world population, such human interventions in water–vegetation systems have, as also shown, repercussions on the water cycle. Indeed, land use changes are shown to be the second-most important influence on the terrestrial water balance in recent times. Furthermore, climate change (warming and precipitation changes will in many regions increase irrigation demand and decrease water availability, impeding rainfed and irrigated food production (if not CO2 effects counterbalance this impact – which is unlikely at least in poorly managed systems. Drawing from these exemplary investigations, some research perspectives on how to further improve our knowledge of human–water–vegetation interactions in the Anthropocene are outlined.

  9. HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH DENGAN KAPASITAS VITAL PARU-PARU GOLONGAN USIA MUDA

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    Rizaldy Pinzon

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Obesity is one of the risk factors for many metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Vital capacity measurement is one of the health procedures to show lung function. Vital capacity can be predicted by knowing age and height. Vital capacity percentage shows the result of vital capacity in measurement compared with the predicted vital capacity. Sixty six healthy volunteers (n=66 are used in this study. The results show that vital capacity percentage are higher in normal-thin volunteers with % RBW (Relative Body Weight < 90% than the normal-normal high weight volunteers with % RBW (Relative Body Weight < 90-110%. If the findings are compared by using statistical methods, the results show no significance differences (p>0,05.

  10. Is Heart Rate Variability Better Than Routine Vital Signs for Prehospital Identification of Major Hemorrhage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    use. Circulation 1996;93:1043–65. [25] Malik M, Cripps T, Farrell T, Camm AJ. Prognostic value of heart rate variability after myocardial infarction ...HRVmetrics could improve the diagnosis of hemorrhagic injury plus PRBC transfusion vs routine vital signs alone. Results: As univariate predictors, HRV...routine vital signs to test the hypothesis that HRV metrics could improve the diagnosis of hemorrhagic injury plus PRBC transfusion vs routine vital

  11. Vital pulp therapy in symptomatic immature permanent molars: Report of 3 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SheikhRezaie MS.

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available "nEndodontic treatment of immature permanent teeth accompanies with several issues. The primary goal when treating such teeth is to maintain pulp vitality so that root development can occur normally. Indications and requirements for vital pulp therapy include asymptomatic and reversible pulpitis. Also there are controversial opinions regarding the ultimate clinical treatment of the vital pulp therapy techniques. In this manuscript we report 3 cases of immature symptomatic permanent molars with irreversible pulpitis caused by caries exposure of the pulp that have been undergone vital pulp therapy successfully.

  12. Microminiature Monitor for Vital Electrolyte and Metabolite Levels of Astronauts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tohda, Koji; Gratzl, Miklos

    2004-01-01

    Ions, such as proton (pH) and potassium, play a crucial role in body fluids to maintain proper basic functioning of cells and tissues. Metabolites, such as glucose, control the energy available to the entire human body in normal as well as stress situations, and before, during, and after meals. These molecules diffuse easily between blood in the capillaries and the interstitial fluid residing between cells and tissues. We have developed and approach to monitoring of critical ions (called electrolytes) and glucose in the interstitial fluid under the human skin. Proton and potassium levels sensed using optode technology that translates the respective ionic concentrations into variable colors of corresponding ionophore/dye/polymeric liquid membranes. Glucose is monitored indirectly, by coupling through immobilized glucose oxidase with local pH that is then detected using a similar color scheme. The monitor consists of a tiny plastic bar, 100-200 microns wide and 1-2 mm long, placed just under the skin, with color changing spots for each analyte as well as blanks. The colors are read and translated into concentration values by a CCD camera. Direct optical coupling between the in vivo sensing bar and the ex vivo detector device requires no power, and thus eliminates the need for wires or optical fibers crossing the skin. The microminiature bar penetrates the skin easily and painlessly, so that astronauts could insert it themselves. The approach is fully compatible with telemetry in space, and thus, in vivo clinical data will be available real time in the Earth based command center once the device is fully developed. The information provided can be used for collecting hitherto unavailable vital data on clinical effects of space travel. Managing clinical emergencies in space with the sensor already in place should also become much more efficient than without a continuous monitor, as is currently the case. Civilian applications may include better glucose control of

  13. Microminiature Monitor for Vital Electrolyte and Metabolite Levels of Astronauts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tohda, Koji; Gratzl, Miklos

    2004-01-01

    Ions, such as proton (pH) and potassium, play a crucial role in body fluids to maintain proper basic functioning of cells and tissues. Metabolites, such as glucose, control the energy available to the entire human body in normal as well as stress situations, and before, during, and after meals. These molecules diffuse easily between blood in the capillaries and the interstitial fluid residing between cells and tissues. We have developed and approach to monitoring of critical ions (called electrolytes) and glucose in the interstitial fluid under the human skin. Proton and potassium levels sensed using optode technology that translates the respective ionic concentrations into variable colors of corresponding ionophore/dye/polymeric liquid membranes. Glucose is monitored indirectly, by coupling through immobilized glucose oxidase with local pH that is then detected using a similar color scheme. The monitor consists of a tiny plastic bar, 100-200 microns wide and 1-2 mm long, placed just under the skin, with color changing spots for each analyte as well as blanks. The colors are read and translated into concentration values by a CCD camera. Direct optical coupling between the in vivo sensing bar and the ex vivo detector device requires no power, and thus eliminates the need for wires or optical fibers crossing the skin. The microminiature bar penetrates the skin easily and painlessly, so that astronauts could insert it themselves. The approach is fully compatible with telemetry in space, and thus, in vivo clinical data will be available real time in the Earth based command center once the device is fully developed. The information provided can be used for collecting hitherto unavailable vital data on clinical effects of space travel. Managing clinical emergencies in space with the sensor already in place should also become much more efficient than without a continuous monitor, as is currently the case. Civilian applications may include better glucose control of

  14. The Vital@Work Study. The systematic development of a lifestyle intervention to improve older workers' vitality and the design of a randomised controlled trial evaluating this intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van der Beek Allard J

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A major contributor of early exit from work is a decline in health with increasing age. As healthy lifestyle choices contribute to better health outcomes, an intervention aimed at an improved lifestyle is considered a potentially effective tool to keep older workers healthy and vital, and thereby to prolong labour participation. Methods Using the Intervention Mapping (IM protocol, a lifestyle intervention was developed based on information obtained from 1 literature, 2 a short lifestyle questionnaire aimed at indentifying the lifestyle behaviours among the target group, and 3 focusgroup (FG interviews among 36 older workers (aged 45+ years aimed at identifying: a key determinants of lifestyle behaviour, b a definition of vitality, and c ideas about how vitality can be improved by lifestyle. The main lifestyle problems identified were: insufficient levels of physical activity and insufficient intake of fruit and vegetables. Using information from both literature and FG interviews, vitality consists of a mental and a physical component. The interviewees suggested to improve the mental component of vitality by means of relaxation exercises (e.g. yoga; physical vitality could be improved by aerobic endurance exercise and strength training. The lifestyle intervention (6 months consists of three visits to a Personal Vitality Coach (PVC combined with a Vitality Exercise Programme (VEP. The VEP consists of: 1 once a week a guided yoga group session aimed at relaxation exercises, 2 once a week a guided aerobic workout group session aimed at improving aerobic fitness and increasing muscle strength, and 3 older workers will be asked to perform once a week for at least 45 minutes vigorous physical activity without face-to-face instructions (e.g. fitness. Moreover, free fruit will be offered at the group sessions of the VEP. The lifestyle intervention will be evaluated in a RCT among older workers of two major academic hospitals in the

  15. The Vital@Work Study. The systematic development of a lifestyle intervention to improve older workers' vitality and the design of a randomised controlled trial evaluating this intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strijk, Jorien E; Proper, Karin I; van der Beek, Allard J; van Mechelen, Willem

    2009-11-10

    A major contributor of early exit from work is a decline in health with increasing age. As healthy lifestyle choices contribute to better health outcomes, an intervention aimed at an improved lifestyle is considered a potentially effective tool to keep older workers healthy and vital, and thereby to prolong labour participation. Using the Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol, a lifestyle intervention was developed based on information obtained from 1) literature, 2) a short lifestyle questionnaire aimed at identifying the lifestyle behaviours among the target group, and 3) focusgroup (FG) interviews among 36 older workers (aged 45+ years) aimed at identifying: a) key determinants of lifestyle behaviour, b) a definition of vitality, and c) ideas about how vitality can be improved by lifestyle.The main lifestyle problems identified were: insufficient levels of physical activity and insufficient intake of fruit and vegetables. Using information from both literature and FG interviews, vitality consists of a mental and a physical component. The interviewees suggested to improve the mental component of vitality by means of relaxation exercises (e.g. yoga); physical vitality could be improved by aerobic endurance exercise and strength training.The lifestyle intervention (6 months) consists of three visits to a Personal Vitality Coach (PVC) combined with a Vitality Exercise Programme (VEP). The VEP consists of: 1) once a week a guided yoga group session aimed at relaxation exercises, 2) once a week a guided aerobic workout group session aimed at improving aerobic fitness and increasing muscle strength, and 3) older workers will be asked to perform once a week for at least 45 minutes vigorous physical activity without face-to-face instructions (e.g. fitness). Moreover, free fruit will be offered at the group sessions of the VEP. The lifestyle intervention will be evaluated in a RCT among older workers of two major academic hospitals in the Netherlands. At baseline, after 6

  16. Vitality at work and its associations with lifestyle, self-determination, organizational culture, and with employees' performance and sustainable employability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheppingen, A.R. van; Vroome, E.M.M. de; Have, K.C.J.M. ten; Zwetsloot, G.I.J.M.; Wiezer, N.; Mechelen, W. van

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Vitality at work is an important factor for optimal functioning and sustainable employability. To date, knowledge on how to promote vitality at work is fragmented. OBJECTIVE: Contribute to knowledge on how to promote vitality at work. METHODS: Determinants of vitality at work are identif

  17. Vital signs: teen pregnancy--United States, 1991--2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    In 2009, approximately 410,000 teens aged 15-19 years gave birth in the United States, and the teen birth rate remains higher than in other developed countries. To describe U.S. trends in teen births and related factors, CDC used data on 1) teen birth rates during 1991-2009 from the National Vital Statistics System, 2) sexual intercourse and contraceptive use among high school students during 1991-2009 from the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, and 3) sex education, parent communication, use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), and receipt of reproductive health services among teens aged 15-19 years from the 2006-2008 National Survey of Family Growth. In 2009, the national teen birth rate was 39.1 births per 1,000 females, a 37% decrease from 61.8 births per 1,000 females in 1991 and the lowest rate ever recorded. State-specific teen birth rates varied from 16.4 to 64.2 births per 1,000 females and were highest among southern states. Birth rates for black and Hispanic teens were 59.0 and 70.1 births per 1,000 females, respectively, compared with 25.6 for white teens. From 1991 to 2009, the percentage of high school students who ever had sexual intercourse decreased from 54% to 46%, and the percentage of students who had sexual intercourse in the past 3 months but did not use any method of contraception at last sexual intercourse decreased from 16% to 12%. From 1999 to 2009, the percentage of students who had sexual intercourse in the past 3 months and used dual methods at last sexual intercourse (condoms with either birth control pills or the injectable contraceptive Depo-Provera) increased from 5% to 9%. During 2006-2008, 65% of female teens and 53% of male teens received formal sex education that covered saying no to sex and provided information on methods of birth control. Overall, 44% of female teens and 27% of male teens had spoken with their parents about both topics, but among teens who had ever had sexual intercourse, 20% of females and 31

  18. Tourism, Transnationality and Ethnolinguistic Vitality: The Welsh in the Chubut Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Ian

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to develop the concept of ethnolinguistic vitality by adopting a qualitative approach to vitality rather than the statistical approach traditionally used. Ten small-size focus group style interviews were held with members of the Welsh-Argentinean community in the Chubut Province in the south of Argentina in order to explore…

  19. Connecting HRM and change management: the importance of proactivity and vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tummers, L.; Kruyen, P.M.; Vijverberg, D.M.; Voesenek, T.J.

    2015-01-01

    - Purpose – Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it is still unclear how organizatio

  20. Connecting HRM and Change Management: The Importance of Proactivity and Vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Tummers (Lars); P.M. Kruyen; D. Vijverberg (Dominique); T. Voesenek (Tessa)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractPurpose. Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it is still unclear how org

  1. Connecting HRM and Change Management: The Importance of Proactivity and Vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tummers, L.G.; Kruyen, P.M.; Vijverberg, D.; Voesenek, T.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it is still unclear how organizations c

  2. Subjective Vitality as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Subjective Happiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uysal, Recep; Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Satici, Begüm; Akin, Ahmet

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the mediator and moderator effects of subjective vitality on the relationship between life satisfaction and subjective happiness were investigated. The participants were 378 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Subjective Vitality Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Subjective…

  3. Connecting HRM and Change Management: The Importance of Proactivity and Vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Tummers (Lars); P.M. Kruyen; D. Vijverberg (Dominique); T. Voesenek (Tessa)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractPurpose. Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it is still unclear how

  4. Connecting HRM and Change Management: The Importance of Proactivity and Vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tummers, L.G.; Kruyen, P.M.; Vijverberg, D.; Voesenek, T.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it is still unclear how organizations

  5. Connecting HRM and change management: the importance of proactivity and vitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tummers, L.; Kruyen, P.M.; Vijverberg, D.M.; Voesenek, T.J.

    2015-01-01

    - Purpose – Organizations are continuously under pressure to adapt to changing circumstances. Job proactivity and vitality are important in changing environments. For instance, vital employees can better deal with change because they possess more energy. However, it is still unclear how

  6. Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagmur, Kutlay

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

  7. Associations between VO2max and vitality in older workers: A cross-sectional study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijk, J.E.; Proper, K.I.; Klaver, L.; Beek, A.J. van der; Mechelen, W. van

    2010-01-01

    Background. To prevent early exit from work, it is important to study which factors contribute to healthy ageing. One concept that is assumed to be closely related to, and therefore may influence healthy ageing, is vitality. Vitality consists of both a mental and a physical component, and is charact

  8. Ethnolinguistic Vitality and Language Use amongst Eastern European Migrants in East Anglia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasinger, Sebastian M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses language usage patterns amongst Eastern European migrants living in the East Anglia region of Great Britain. It examines the relationship between individual speakers' language use and societal factors, with an emphasis of respondents' perceptions of ethnic, cultural and linguistic vitality. A linguistic vitality and language…

  9. Who Supports the English-Only Movement? Evidence for Misconceptions About Latino Group Vitality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Valerie; Giles, Howard

    2002-01-01

    Using vitality theory as a framework, investigates whether support for English-only policies among Anglo-Americans is related to perceptions about growing Latino group vitality and the presence of Spanish in the linguistic landscape. Conducted a telephone survey in Santa Barbara, California. Found Anglo-Americans' perceptions of growing latino…

  10. Utilization of Selected Vitality Staple Foods by Low Income Households in Ebonyi State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igba, Chimezie Elizabeth; Okoro, M. O.

    2015-01-01

    The study focused on the utilization of selected vitality foods among low income household in Ebonyi State. Specifically the study aimed at identifying vitality foods that are available, accessible and utilized by low income household in state. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population of the study is 2,173,501 households…

  11. Loss of Olfactory Function and Nutritional Status in Vital Older Adults and Geriatric Patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toussaint, N.; Roon, de M.; Campen, van J.P.C.M.; Kremer, S.; Boesveldt, S.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the association of olfactory function and nutritional status in vital older adults and geriatric patients. Three hundred forty-five vital (mean age 67.1 years) and 138 geriatric older adults (mean age 80.9 years) were included. Nutritional status w

  12. Plant Genes Involved in Symbiotic Sinal Perception/Signal Transduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, A; Soyano, T; Hayashi, H

    2014-01-01

    to nodule primordia formation, and the infection thread initiation in the root hairs guiding bacteria towards dividing cortical cells. This chapter focuses on the plant genes involved in the recognition of the symbiotic signal produced by rhizobia, and the downstream genes, which are part of a complex......A host genetic programme that is initiated upon recognition of specific rhizobial Nod factors governs the symbiosis of legumes with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. This programme coordinates two major developmental processes that run in parallel in legume roots: de novo cortical cell division leading...... symbiotic signalling pathway that leads to the generation of calcium spiking in the nuclear regions and activation of transcription factors controlling symbiotic genes induction...

  13. Espiritualidade: desejo de eternidade ou sinal de maturidade?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Negreiros Creusa de Góes Monteiro

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In this essay about spirituality and aging we point out that, aside from the prejudice involving the theme and recently discussed in the scientific and academic literature, a controversial issue still remains in psychology: Is spirituality a sign of maturity or a child desire of eternity that should be surpassed ? Multiple conceptions of spirituality were presented. We also tried to show that there are several indicators that, in later years, the search for the meaning of life, faith, virtuosity and the belief in transcendence lessens the impact of new kinds of contemporary discontents encountered by elder people and may as well act as a resource to improve health conditions and the life span.

  14. ANEMIA AGUDA DE NOVO: O MESMO SINAL, DIFERENTES ETIOLOGIAS

    OpenAIRE

    Inês Falcão; Margarida Coelho; Isabel Couto Guerra; Emília Costa; Esmeralda Cleto

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: Anemia define-se como um valor de hemoglobina inferior aos dois desvios-padrão para a idade e sexo, sendo a gravidade da mesma dependente de vários fatores, nomeada- mente o contexto clínico. Habitualmente, é uma manifestação de agudização de doença previamente conhecida; contudo pode evidenciar-se como manifestação inicial de diversas patologias, adquiridas ou hereditárias. Casos Clínicos: Os autores apresentam nove casos clínicos de doentes selecionados da consulta externa de...

  15. ANEMIA AGUDA DE NOVO: O MESMO SINAL, DIFERENTES ETIOLOGIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Falcão

    2015-12-01

    Conclusão: Na investigação etiológica de uma anemia aguda grave é fundamental a sua caracterização correta com base em todos os parâmetros hematológicos disponíveis. O diagnóstico assertivo é fundamental, atendendo às diferentes implicações no que diz respeito à abordagem, orientação e prognóstico.

  16. Evolución de las poblaciones de Pito Negro (Dryocopus martius y Pico Dorsiblanco (Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi en los montes de Quinto Real (Navarra y su relación con la gestión forestal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cárcamo Bravo, S.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This study try to know the current conservation status of two species: White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi and Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius in “Quinto Real” Forest, a beechwood of 3.500 hectares at the west edge of the Pyrenees (Navarra. We study if there is any relation between the forest management and the habitat carrying capacity for the two species. The known areas by previous censuses and other potential zones have been visited when breeding, with the objective to confirm their use at the present time. We study which breeding areas have supported forest interventions, which kind of works and how this works can modify the habitat use of these species.

    Both species show certain sensitivity to logging, more marked for White-backed Woodpecker. This confirms the importance of establishing specific measures of forest management to minimize impacts. We set out some of them in this work



    Los autores pretenden dar a conocer el estado actual de conservación en que se encuentran dos especies de pícidos, el pico dorsiblanco (Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi y el pito negro (Dryocopus martius en los montes de Quinto Real, un hayedo de 3.500 ha en el extremo occidental del Pirineo (Navarra. Se estudia la posible relación entre la gestión forestal y la capacidad de acogida del hábitat para las dos especies. Se han visitado las áreas de cr

  17. Vital sign monitoring using human patient simulators at pharmacy schools in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokunaga, Jin; Takamura, Norito; Ogata, Kenji; Yoshida, Hiroki; Setoguchi, Nao; Matsuoka, Toshikazu; Hirokane, Taminori; Yamaoka, Akihiro; Sato, Keizo

    2010-09-10

    To develop, implement, and assess an experience-based education program using human patient simulators to instruct pharmacy students in monitoring vital signs to identify drug treatment effects and adverse events. Medical emergency care programs using human patient simulators were prepared and facilitated practical clinical training in resuscitation, which required selecting drugs while monitoring changes in blood pressure, pulse, and arterial blood oxygen saturation. Training encompassed the monitoring of routes of drug administration, drawing of simulated blood, vital-sign monitoring based on a pharmaceutical universal training model, vital-sign monitoring devices and simulators, and medical emergency education using biological simulators. Before and after bedside training, students were asked to complete a questionnaire to assess their understanding of vital sign monitoring and emergency care. Students successfully learned how to monitor routes of drug administration, vital signs, and pathological conditions. There was a significant increase in students' recognition of the importance of vital-sign monitoring. Experienced-based training using patient simulators successfully prepared pharmacy students to monitor vitals signs and identify drug treatment effects and adverse events.

  18. Fiber optic based multiparametric spectroscopy in vivo: Toward a new quantitative tissue vitality index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutai-Asis, Hofit; Barbiro-Michaely, Efrat; Deutsch, Assaf; Mayevsky, Avraham

    2006-02-01

    In our previous publication (Mayevsky et al SPIE 5326: 98-105, 2004) we described a multiparametric fiber optic system enabling the evaluation of 4 physiological parameters as indicators of tissue vitality. Since the correlation between the various parameters may differ in various pathophysiological conditions there is a need for an objective quantitative index that will integrate the relative changes measured in real time by the multiparametric monitoring system into a single number-vitality index. Such an approach to calculate tissue vitality index is critical for the possibility to use such an instrument in clinical environments. In the current presentation we are reporting our preliminary results indicating that calculation of an objective tissue vitality index is feasible. We used an intuitive empirical approach based on the comparison between the calculated index by the computer and the subjective evaluation made by an expert in the field of physiological monitoring. We used the in vivo brain of rats as an animal model in our current studies. The rats were exposed to anoxia, ischemia and cortical spreading depression and the responses were recorded in real time. At the end of the monitoring session the results were analyzed and the tissue vitality index was calculated offline. Mitochondrial NADH, tissue blood flow and oxy-hemoglobin were used to calculate the vitality index of the brain in vivo, where each parameter received a different weight, in each experiment type based on their significance. It was found that the mitochondrial NADH response was the main factor affected the calculated vitality index.

  19. Validating emergency department vital signs using a data quality engine for data warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genes, N; Chandra, D; Ellis, S; Baumlin, K

    2013-01-01

    Vital signs in our emergency department information system were entered into free-text fields for heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, temperature and oxygen saturation. We sought to convert these text entries into a more useful form, for research and QA purposes, upon entry into a data warehouse. We derived a series of rules and assigned quality scores to the transformed values, conforming to physiologic parameters for vital signs across the age range and spectrum of illness seen in the emergency department. Validating these entries revealed that 98% of free-text data had perfect quality scores, conforming to established vital sign parameters. Average vital signs varied as expected by age. Degradations in quality scores were most commonly attributed logging temperature in Fahrenheit instead of Celsius; vital signs with this error could still be transformed for use. Errors occurred more frequently during periods of high triage, though error rates did not correlate with triage volume. In developing a method for importing free-text vital sign data from our emergency department information system, we now have a data warehouse with a broad array of quality-checked vital signs, permitting analysis and correlation with demographics and outcomes.

  20. Novel Use of Google Glass for Procedural Wireless Vital Sign Monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebert, Cara A; Zayed, Mohamed A; Aalami, Oliver; Tran, Jennifer; Lau, James N

    2016-08-01

    Purpose This study investigates the feasibility and potential utility of head-mounted displays for real-time wireless vital sign monitoring during surgical procedures. Methods In this randomized controlled pilot study, surgery residents (n = 14) performed simulated bedside procedures with traditional vital sign monitors and were randomized to addition of vital sign streaming to Google Glass. Time to recognition of preprogrammed vital sign deterioration and frequency of traditional monitor use was recorded. User feedback was collected by electronic survey. Results The experimental group spent 90% less time looking away from the procedural field to view traditional monitors during bronchoscopy (P = .003), and recognized critical desaturation 8.8 seconds earlier; the experimental group spent 71% (P = .01) less time looking away from the procedural field during thoracostomy, and recognized hypotension 10.5 seconds earlier. Trends toward earlier recognition of deterioration did not reach statistical significance. The majority of participants agreed that Google Glass increases situational awareness (64%), is helpful in monitoring vitals (86%), is easy to use (93%), and has potential to improve patient safety (85%). Conclusion In this early feasibility study, use of streaming to Google Glass significantly decreased time looking away from procedural fields and resulted in a nonsignificant trend toward earlier recognition of vital sign deterioration. Vital sign streaming with Google Glass or similar platforms is feasible and may enhance procedural situational awareness.

  1. Vitality Forms Processing in the Insula during Action Observation: A Multivoxel Pattern Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Cesare, Giuseppe; Valente, Giancarlo; Di Dio, Cinzia; Ruffaldi, Emanuele; Bergamasco, Massimo; Goebel, Rainer; Rizzolatti, Giacomo

    2016-01-01

    Observing the style of an action done by others allows the observer to understand the cognitive state of the agent. This information has been defined by Stern "vitality forms". Previous experiments showed that the dorso-central insula is selectively active both during vitality form observation and execution. In the present study, we presented participants with videos showing hand actions performed with different velocities and asked them to judge either their vitality form (gentle, neutral, rude) or their velocity (slow, medium, fast). The aim of the present study was to assess, using multi-voxel pattern analysis, whether vitality forms and velocities of observed goal-directed actions are differentially processed in the insula, and more specifically whether action velocity is encoded per se or it is an element that triggers neural populations of the insula encoding the vitality form. The results showed that, consistently across subjects, in the dorso-central sector of the insula there were voxels selectively tuned to vitality forms, while voxel tuned to velocity were rare. These results indicate that the dorso-central insula, which previous data showed to be involved in the vitality form processing, contains voxels specific for the action style processing.

  2. As partes e gentes da África na obra de Pa dre Antônio Vieira: a construção da figura literária e a idéia do Quinto Império

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Filipe Silvério Lima

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available proposta deste artigo é apontar o debate em torno das categorias das partes e gentes do mundo na obra do Padre Antônio Vieira, tendo em vista o projeto do Quinto Império e qual o espaço que África e os escravos negros no Brasil tomaram nesse projeto. Para tanto, contudo, é interessante traçar como a questão da escravidão negra foi vista pela historiografia e crítica literária brasileira, em especial, acompanhando a construção da figura literária e histórica de Vieira desde finais no século XIX. A partir da retomada desse percurso, pode-se identificar melhor as camadas que foram sendo depositadas e atribuídas ao jesuíta que edificaram descrições ora positivas ora negativas, mediadas por idéias de nação, pátria, progresso, civilização e humanidade. Menos do que propor uma leitura esterilizada de qualquer parcialidade, retraçar um percurso da recepção da obra vieirense nos dois séculos passados permite contornar (falsos problemas sobre a “modernidade” ou não de Vieira e repensar as abordagens sobre sua produção dando atenção a outras “gramáticas”, reconstruídas a partir de elementos coevos e preocupadas com outros problemas.

  3. Vital capacity in trained and untrained healthy young adults in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biersteker, M W; Biersteker, P A

    1985-01-01

    Slow inspiratory vital capacity was measured in 226 healthy young adults, aged from 17 to 35 years. The group included 119 men and 107 women, 87 trained subjects, 71 untrained subjects who intended to take part in a training program for competitive rowing, and 68 untrained subjects who never took part in any competitive sport. The vital capacity increased with height, weight, fat-free mass, height X fat-free mass, and height-independent fat-free mass, with men having significantly higher vital capacities than women of the same height or weight. In both males and females vital capacity showed the best relation with height X fat-free mass (correlation coefficients are 0.78 and 0.57 respectively). Multiple regression on vital capacity with height, weight, fat-free mass, height X fat-free mass, height-independent fat-free mass, percentage body fat, and age increased the correlation coefficient only slightly (0.80 and 0.59 respectively). The subjects had vital capacities that were much higher than those predicted for them by equations originating from the USA. There was no difference between the observed vital capacities and those predicted by equations originating from Europe. There is a difference in vital capacity between the European subjects studied and subjects of similar height studied in the USA. This implies that equations derived from subjects in the USA cannot be applied to European subjects. From our results we conclude that vital capacity is not increased by physical activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  4. Quercus robur vitality structure and its dynamics at the initial stages of ontogeny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Dehtiarov

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We present the results of evaluation of vitality structure of ontogenetic subcenopopulations of juvenile and immature (im1 and im2 plants Quercus robur L. in seven aggregations of forest vegetation of Krolevets-Hlukhiv Geobotanical Region. It is found that ontogenetic subcenopopulations of Q. robur young generation, formed under canopy of deciduous forests of the region under study, are noted for high level of vitality structure diversity and for having three qualitative types: blooming, balanced and depressive ones. It is observed that dynamics of Q quality index values in ontogenetic subcenopopulations Q. robur in the aggregations under study fits three variants of changes. In the first one we can see stable decrease of Q quality index values in the line j → im1 → im2. Three of seven aggregations under study have dynamics of Q index values fitting the variant where increase of values takes place in the phase j → im1, and their decrease occurs in the phase im1 → im2. Q index values also decrease in the phase j → im1 and their increase in the phase im1 → im2 is established in three more phytocenoces. It is proved that change to every next phase of development (from j to im1, and also from im1 to im2 is accompanied by the appearance of vitality plasticity in Q. robur young generation (i.e. Q quality index value changes and vitality variability (changes of share of individuals of various vitality classes, respectively. Quantitative as well as qualitative aspects of vitality plasticity realization are evaluated based on the original factor – index of vitality dynamics – IVD. It is found that at the initial stages of ontogenetic development negative changes of vitality structure in Q. robur happen more often then positive ones. Decrease in the individuals’ vitality and worsening of vitality structure are mainly accompanied by the reduction of cohort quality status. Ascertained facts as for vitality structure of ontogenetic

  5. Interactions between cavity preparation and restoration events and their effects on pulp vitality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisithphrom, Kessiri; Murray, Peter E; About, Imad; Windsor, L Jack

    2006-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the precise effect and rank the importance of cavity preparation and restoration variables on human pulp vitality. Fifty-three Class V unexposed cavities were prepared and restored with calcium hydroxide/amalgam, resin-modified glass ionomer, zinc oxide-eugenol, resin composite, or zinc polycarboxylate materials. Pulp vitality was reduced by the remaining dentin thickness of the cavity preparations, whereas the other variables, including the type of restorative material, had little effect. Restorative materials cause minimal pulp damage in isolation; it is more important to minimize the removal of intact dentin to maintain the vitality of teeth.

  6. Vital sign monitoring using human patient simulators at pharmacy schools in Japan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tokunaga, Jin; Takamura, Norito; Ogata, Kenji; Yoshida, Hiroki; Setoguchi, Nao; Matsuoka, Toshikazu; Hirokane, Taminori; Yamaoka, Akihiro; Sato, Keizo

    2010-01-01

    To develop, implement, and assess an experience-based education program using human patient simulators to instruct pharmacy students in monitoring vital signs to identify drug treatment effects and adverse events...

  7. Vital Sign Monitoring Using Human Patient Simulators at Pharmacy Schools in Japan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jin Tokunaga; Norito Takamura; Kenji Ogata; Hiroki Yoshida; Nao Setoguchi; Toshikazu Matsuoka; Taminori Hirokane; Akihiro Yamaoka; Keizo Sato

    2010-01-01

      To develop, implement, and assess an experience-based education program using human patient simulators to instruct pharmacy students in monitoring vital signs to identify drug treatment effects and adverse events...

  8. Vitality assessment of exposed lichens along different altitudes. Influence of weather conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Bruno J; Freitas, M C; Wolterbeek, H Th

    2017-05-01

    To evaluate the effects of the ambient climatic conditions in lichen vitality along some well oriented transect in different altitudes, lichen transplants of Parmotrema bangii were exposed approximately every 250 m starting from 50 to 1500 m during a 1-year period in 3 transects along Pico mountain at Azores; electric conductivity of leachates, elemental concentrations, and the ambient conditions such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, and altitude were the compared parameters. According to the obtained values of electric conductivity, it is credible to consider that vitality was not seriously affected under different altitudes. In accordance with previous studies, electric conductivity values in this study show high negative correlation with precipitation and humidity. The significantly high differences between minimum and maximum electric conductivity values found along the altitude transect makes that, when comparing elemental concentrations in time or spatial series, it is required a comparison with lichen vitality, because the different vitality stages could induce variability in metal uptake.

  9. Application of new genetic approaches to obtain population vital rate parameters in leatherbacks

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project addresses major gaps in knowledge on vital rates such as age to maturity, survival, sex ratios, and population size (including the males)whcih have made...

  10. Simulacion y evaluacion de una propuesta de implementacion del minimo vital de agua potable en Colombia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mendez Sayago, Jhon Alexander; Mendez Sayago, Johanna Mildred

    2011-01-01

    Este articulo presenta la simulacion y evaluacion de la implementacion del minimo vital de agua potable para los usuarios de los estratos uno y dos, subsidiada a partir del incremento en las tarifas...

  11. Motivations for Health and Their Associations With Lifestyle, Work Style, Health, Vitality, and Employee Productivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheppingen, A.R. van; Vroome, E.M.M. de; Have, K.C.J.M. ten; Zwetsloot, G.I.J.M.; Bos, E.H.; Mechelen, W. van

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Investigate employees' underlying motivational regulatory styles toward healthy living and their associations with lifestyle, work style, health, vitality, and productivity. Methods: Regression analyses on cross-sectional data from Dutch employees (n = 629), obtained as baseline measureme

  12. Emergency nurses' decisions regarding frequency and nature of vital sign assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambe, Katherine; Currey, Judy; Considine, Julie

    2017-07-01

    To explore the factors emergency nurses use to inform their decisions regarding frequency and nature of vital sign assessment. Research related to clinical deterioration and vital sign assessment in the emergency department is in its infancy. Studies to date have explored the frequency of vital sign assessment in the emergency department; however, there are no published studies that have examined factors that emergency nurses use to inform their decisions regarding frequency and nature of ongoing vital sign assessment. A prospective exploratory design was used. Data were collected using a survey consisting of eight patient vignettes. The study was conducted in one emergency department in metropolitan Melbourne. Participants were emergency nurses permanently employed at the study site. A 96% response rate was achieved (n = 47/49). The most common frequency of patient reassessment nominated by participants was 15 or 30 minutely, with an equal number of participants choosing these frequency intervals. Abnormality in initial vital sign parameters was the most common factor identified for choosing either a 15- or 30-minute assessment interval. Frequency of assessment decisions was influenced by years of emergency nursing experience in one vignette and level of postgraduate qualification in three vignettes. Heart rate, respiratory rate and blood pressure were all nominated by over 80% of participants as vital signs that participants considered important for reassessment. The frequency and nature of vital signs selected varied according to vignette content. There were significant negative correlations between assessment of conscious state and years of nursing experience and assessment of respiratory rate and years of emergency nursing experience. Level of postgraduate qualification did not influence selection of parameters for reassessment. Emergency nurses are tailoring vital sign assessment to patients' clinical status, and nurses are integrating known vital sign data

  13. The effect of housing on calving behavior and calf vitality in Holstein and Jersey dairy cows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campler, Magnus Robert Bertil; Munksgaard, Lene; Jensen, Margit Bak

    2015-01-01

    The present study investigated how calving behavior and calf vitality in Holstein and Jersey dairy cows were affected by housing during the final 4 wk precalving. One hundred twenty-one cows (36 primiparous and 85 multiparous) were moved either to a group pen with deep straw bedding or into frees...... that a longer period of housing on deep-bedded straw compared with freestalls with mattresses before calving may facilitate the calving process, whereas the effect on calf vitality needs further investigation....

  14. Vital status of trees plantations of the Shevchenko park in Zaporizhzhya city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Yalovenko

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The tree plantation’s vital status of the Shevchenko Park in Zaporizhzhya city was estimated according to N. P. Krasinsky’s method modified by Y. Z. Kulagin. The vitality of individual plants and stands as a whole was assessed according to V. A. Alekseev. The growth class of tree stands and the influence of the age class on the forest capacity class were determined. The defectiveness of tree stems in the park was estimated.

  15. Wi-Fi Based Vital Signs Monitoring and Tracking System for Medical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Deshmukh Rohit Sunil

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Patients at a disaster scene can greatly benefit from technologies that continuously monitor their vital status and track their locations until they are admitted to the hospital. We have designed and developed a real-time patient monitoring system that integrates vital sign sensors, location sensor, ad-hoc networking, electronics patients status. This system shall facilitate communication between providers at a disaster scene, medical professionals at a local hospital, and specialists available for consultation from distant facilities

  16. [Influence of the phytoestrogen drug, SoyaVital, on climacteric symptoms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachev, E; Stamenov, G; Davidkova, N

    2000-01-01

    The results of phytoestrogen drug SoyaVital on the climacteric symptoms are presented. The preparation consists of 35 mg isoflavones with high content of genistein in one capsule. A group of 26 patients having climacteric symptoms have been treated by one capsule per day for a period of 12 weeks. The evaluation of the symptoms by Kuppermann score decreased statistically significant by 30.06%. The authors recommend SoyaVital as an alternative to the hormonal replacement therapy.

  17. Microcarrier-based expansion process for hMSCs with high vitality and undifferentiated characteristics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elseberg, Christiane L; Leber, Jasmin; Salzig, Denise;

    2012-01-01

    batch. With DMEM-HG, no limitation of glucose was found, and lactate and ammonia remained lower than critical inhibitory concentrations. Comparison of the static (T-flask) and dynamic cultures in the stirred tank reactor showed for both cases, that cells were of high vitality and both maintained...... differentiability. In both cases, encapsulation of the cells resulted in high bead vitality, a basic requirement for cell therapy application....

  18. Comparação do sinal EMG e das características da passada em diferentes protocolos de corrida incremental Comparación de la actividad EMG y características del pasado en los diferentes protocolos de raza incrementales Comparison of EMG activity and step characteristics of different running incremental protocols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Helena Wasem Fraga

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o sinal eletromiográfi co, a frequência e a amplitude de passada entre diferentes intensidades de corrida: 60%, 80% e 100% da velocidade máxima em dois protocolos incrementais. Participaram deste estudo 11 corredores do sexo masculino. Os protocolos de corrida foram realizados com velocidades iniciais de 10 km.hr-1, com incrementos de 1 km.hr-1 a cada três minutos até a exaustão, que diferiram em relação ao intervalo entre cada estágio incremental: 30 e 120 segundos. Foram analisados valores RMS dos músculos iliocostal lombar, reto femoral, vasto lateral, vasto medial, bíceps femoral, tibial anterior, e gastrocnêmio, e a amplitude e frequência de passada. Os valores RMS mostraram aumento entre as intensidades para quase todos os músculos, e não foram influenciados pelo tipo de protocolo utilizado para maioria dos músculos. A frequência e amplitude de passada apresentaram contribuições percentuais diferenciadas para o aumento da velocidade de corrida.El objetivo de este estudio es comparar la actividad electromiográfica, la amplitud y la frecuencia del pasado entre las diferentes intensidades de carrera: 60%, 80% y 100% de la velocidad máxima en dos protocolos adicionales. En el estudio participaron 11 corredores. Los protocolos se realizaron con velocidades de carrera iniciales de 10 km.hr-1, con incrementos de 1 km.hr-1 cada tres minutos hasta que se agoten, que diferían en el intervalo entre cada etapa incremental: 30 a 120 segundos. Se analizaron los valores RMS de las iliocostalis lumbar, rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius, la amplitud y la frecuencia del pasado. Los valores de RMS mostró un aumento entre las intensidades para casi todos los músculos, y no fueron influenciadas por el tipo de protocolo utilizado. Las contribuciones de frecuencia y amplitud de pasado presentaran porcentaje diferenciado para

  19. Evaluation of cambial electrical resistance for the appraisal of tree vitality on reclaimed coal lands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keith Plamping; Martin Haigh; Michael J. Cullis; Rhian E. Jenkins [Earthwatch Europe, Oxford (United Kingdom)

    2009-03-15

    Cambium electrical resistance (CER) is explored as a rapid-assessment method of measuring of forest vitality and disease damage. A five year study in a 10-year-old mixed plantation of Alder (Alnus glutinosa, L.) and Oak (Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl.) created for the reclamation of surface-coal mined land in South Wales found a negative correlation between CER and tree maturity and no correlation between CER and fertiliser treatment levels. However, it detected strong significant correlations between CER and both a tree vitality index and diameter breast height (DBH) after five years. In fact, CER shows very strong and significant negative correlations with DBH recorded in 2007 and 2002, while tree vitality correlates more strongly with DBH than CER. Partial correlation of the data finds that when these data are controlled for the effect of DBH-the correlation between CER and vitality is no longer significant, while partial correlations between vitality and DBH in both 2002 and 2007-controlled for CER-remain highly significant. The conclusion is that while CER may act as a useful measure and predictor of tree vitality-DBH is better.

  20. Monitoring, modeling, and management: why base avian management on vital rates and how should it be done?

    Science.gov (United States)

    David F. DeSante; M. Philip Nott; Danielle R. Kaschube

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we argue that effective management of landbirds should be based on assessing and monitoring their vital rates (primary demographic parameters) as well as population trends. This is because environmental stressors and management actions affect vital rates directly and usually without time lags, and because monitoring vital rates provides a) information on...

  1. The Relationship between Faculty Involvement in Governance and Faculty Vitality: The Case of North Carolina Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madray, Van

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the effects of governance involvement on the vitality of community college faculty members. This study explores the degree to which involvement in the governance of a college through a faculty senate fosters the vitality of elected faculty members. While faculty vitality is a difficult concept to measure directly, faculty…

  2. DistancePPG: Robust non-contact vital signs monitoring using a camera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Mayank; Veeraraghavan, Ashok; Sabharwal, Ashutosh

    2015-05-01

    Vital signs such as pulse rate and breathing rate are currently measured using contact probes. But, non-contact methods for measuring vital signs are desirable both in hospital settings (e.g. in NICU) and for ubiquitous in-situ health tracking (e.g. on mobile phone and computers with webcams). Recently, camera-based non-contact vital sign monitoring have been shown to be feasible. However, camera-based vital sign monitoring is challenging for people with darker skin tone, under low lighting conditions, and/or during movement of an individual in front of the camera. In this paper, we propose distancePPG, a new camera-based vital sign estimation algorithm which addresses these challenges. DistancePPG proposes a new method of combining skin-color change signals from different tracked regions of the face using a weighted average, where the weights depend on the blood perfusion and incident light intensity in the region, to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of camera-based estimate. One of our key contributions is a new automatic method for determining the weights based only on the video recording of the subject. The gains in SNR of camera-based PPG estimated using distancePPG translate into reduction of the error in vital sign estimation, and thus expand the scope of camera-based vital sign monitoring to potentially challenging scenarios. Further, a dataset will be released, comprising of synchronized video recordings of face and pulse oximeter based ground truth recordings from the earlobe for people with different skin tones, under different lighting conditions and for various motion scenarios.

  3. Semiología de los signos vitales: Una mirada novedosa a un problema vigente:/Vitals sign semiology: the new look to an actual problem

    OpenAIRE

    Villegas González, Juliana; Residente otorrinolaringología, universidad de cartagena; Villegas Arenas, Oscar Alberto; Docente programa de medicina; Villegas González, Valentina; Médica de hospitalización, clínica Versalles

    2012-01-01

    Approach from the anatomical, physical, functional and clinical-making views and interpretation of vital signs (VS).It expounds on the signs that the health status of an individual externalized, although many can be conceptually speaking, work on those that are conventionally taken intoaccount for its dynamism as alterations to the human body, changes occur immediately and are easily detectable. They develop the physiological, pathological changes and in relation to different ages, events suc...

  4. Materiales. Quinto Centenario. Numbers 1-16. (Materials. Fifth Centenary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Materiales, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This document consists of the first 16 issues of a serial providing learning activities for intermediate and advanced students of Spanish. Each issue is organized around a separate theme, with the first 9 issues devoted to celebration of the fifth centenary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus: (1) "Cultural Contact"; (2)…

  5. Algunas figuras mitológicas en Quinto de Esmirna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Antonio García Romero

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available Quintus has stressed the importance of certain divinities such as Eos, Horae, and Themis, which occupy a secondary place in Homer. This paper demonstrates the innovations made by the epic poet in certain aspects (genealogy, function, vocabulary and examines possible influences (several authors, notions of his age, etc. upon him.

  6. Teacher’s Role in the Promotion of Two Emotional Intelligence Competencies in Fifth-Grade Children El papel de la maestra en la promoción de dos competencias de la inteligencia emocional de niñas y niños de quinto grado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Villanueva Barbarán

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a qualitative study aimed at analyzing the teacher’s role in promoting awareness and management of emotions in fifth-graders, as competencies of emotional intelligence. This resulted in a very significant study since, from the psychopedagogic perspective, it aims at breaking with the traditional role of teachers exclusively focused on transmitting knowledge, leaving aside the much-needed emotional support. Children demonstrated a poor vocabulary, as well as difficulty to identify some emotions and differentiate between them. This means a limitation for children to be aware of their own emotions and to control them.  As a conclusion, it is important to maximize the emotional capacities of students; it should be a primary task in the education centers, where teachers play a key role as a model and as a promoter of emotional intelligence.
    Recibido 30 de marzo de 2012 •  Corregido 17 de setiembre de 2012 • Aceptado 07 de noviembre de 2012

    Este artículo resume los resultados de una investigación cualitativa cuyo objetivo es analizar el papel de la maestra en la promoción del conocimiento y el manejo de las propias emociones de un grupo de  niñas y  niños  de  un quinto grado escolar como competencias de la inteligencia emocional. Este estudio resultó relevante en la medida en que, desde el ámbito de la psicopedagogía,  se propone romper con el papel tradicional del personal docente centrado exclusivamente en la transmisión de conocimientos, que ha dejado de lado la dimensión de apoyo emocional que  tanto necesitan las personas. Se evidenció en las niñas y los niños un pobre vocabulario emocional, dificultad para identificar algunas emociones y para diferenciarlas. Esto se refleja en una limitación para tomar conciencia de sus propias emociones y en la dificultad para controlarlas. Por otra parte, se demuestra la importancia de potenciar habilidades emocionales del

  7. Modernismo, historiografia e sociabilidade intelectual: apontamentos sobre o quinto volume da coleção Biblioteca Histórica Brasileira (1931-1940 Modernism, historiography and intellectual sociability: notes on the fifth volume of the Brazilian Historical Library Collection (1931-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pereira da Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como pano de fundo pensar a trajetória do livro Memórias de um colono no Brasil, do imigrante suíço Thomas Davatz, o quinto volume publicado pela Coleção Biblioteca Histórica Brasileira, com base nas discussões do campo da História Intelectual. Para tanto, o texto é dividido em duas partes. Primeiro, levo em conta a circulação do livro entre os modernistas paulistas e sua repercussão na imprensa a partir dos artigos publicados no Diário Nacional em 1931. Em seguida analiso um pequeno conjunto de cartas recebidas por Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, em que é possível perceber as dificuldades enfrentadas na tradução e publicação da obra, anos depois, pela Coleção. Nas cartas, verificam-se ainda indícios da construção de um projeto de história nacional que em muito se assemelhava à do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro (IHGB.This article is in the background thinking the trajectory of the book Memórias de um colono no Brasilthe Swiss immigrant Thomas Davatz, the fifth volume published by the Brazilian Historical Library Collection, based on the discussions of the field of Intellectual History. To this end, the text is divided into parts. First, take into account the circulation of the book between the modernists and its repercussion in the press through articles published in Diário Nacionalin 1931. Then I analyze a small set of letters received by Sérgio Buarque de Holanda where you can see the difficulties in the translation and publication of the work year after the collection. In the letters there is still evidence of the construction of a national history project that greatly resembled that of the Historical and Geographic Brazilian Institute (IHGB.

  8. Análise biométrica de ganhos por seleção em população de milho pipoca de quinto ciclo de seleção recorrente Biometric analysis of selection gains in popcorn population of the fifth cycle of recurrent selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Macedo Rangel

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o intento de selecionar progênies superiores para a efetiva concentração de alelos favoráveis em uma população de quinto ciclo de seleção recorrente intrapopulacional em famílias de irmãos-completos de milho pipoca, avaliaram-se 200 famílias quanto a seis características agronômicas, incluindo rendimento de grãos e capacidade de expansão, em delineamento aleatorizado em blocos com duas repetições dentro de 'sets' em dois ambientes distintos: Colégio Estadual Agrícola Antônio Sarlo, em Campos dos Goytacazes, e Estação Experimental da PESAGRO-RIO, em Itaocara, Rio de Janeiro, em 2007/2008. Houve diferenças significativas para famílias/"sets" para todas as características, indicando a presença de variabilidade genética a ser explorada nos futuros ciclos. Na seleção das progênies superiores o índice de Mulamba e Mock resultou em ganhos proporcionais mais adequados para capacidade de expansão e rendimento de grãos, com valores respectivos de 6,01 e 8,53%, na utilização de pesos econômicos arbitrários.Aiming to select superior progenies for concentration of favorable alleles in a popcorn population on the fifth cycle of intrapopulation full-sib recurrent selection, two hundred progenies were evaluated for six agronomic traits, including grain yield and popping expansion, in randomized complete block design with two replications within sets, in two distinct environments: Colégio Estadual Agrícola Antônio Sarlo, in Campos dos Goytacazes, and Experimental Station of PESAGRO-RIO, located in Itaocara, Rio de Janeiro State, in 2007/2008. There were significant differences among families within sets in all traits, indicating the presence of genetic variability to be exploited in the future cycles. The utilized selection indexes were the Mulamba and Mock; and Smith and Hazel. The Mulamba and Mock index propitiated more elevated magnitudes of the predicted gains for most of the traits, including popping expansion and

  9. Atributos de solo e produtividade de feijão após diferentes formas de uso do solo no inverno, no quinto ano de experimentação Soil attributes and common bean yield after five years of different winter soil uses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvadi Antonio Balbinot Junior

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, no quinto ano de experimentação, o efeito de formas de uso do solo no inverno sobre a quantidade de palha remanescente, os atributos físicos e químicos do solo e a produtividade de grãos de feijão cultivado em sucessão. Foi conduzido um experimento na região do Planalto Norte de Santa Catarina, entre maio de 2006 e abril de 2011, no qual foram avaliadas cinco formas de uso do solo no inverno, repetidas por cinco anos nas mesmas parcelas: 1 consórcio de aveia preta + azevém + ervilhaca comum manejado sem pastejo (consórcio cobertura; 2 o mesmo consórcio, com pastejo e com 100kg ha-1 de N ano-1 em cobertura (pastagem com N; 3 o mesmo consórcio, com pastejo e sem adubação nitrogenada (pastagem sem N; 4 nabo forrageiro sem pastejo (nabo forrageiro; e 5 pousio sem pastejo (pousio. O consórcio cobertura aportou a maior quantidade de palha para cultivo do feijão em sucessão, mas não foram observadas diferenças expressivas em atributos de solo entre as formas de uso investigadas. Coberturas de solo, pastagem anual e pousio no inverno não afetaram a produtividade de grãos de feijão cultivado em sucessão.The objective of this study was to evaluate in the fifth year of experimentation, the effect of winter soil uses on residual straw on the soil, physical and chemical soil attributes and grain yield of common bean cultivated in succession. An experiment was carried out in the North Plateau of Santa Catarina State, Brazil, from May 2006 to April 2011. Five winter soil uses were investigated: 1 multicropping with black oat + ryegrass + common vetch without grazing (multicropping cover; 2 the same multicropping, with grazing and 100kg ha-1 of nitrogen year-1, applied during the growing period (pasture with N; 3 the same multicropping, with grazing and without nitrogen fertilization (pasture without N; 4 oil seed radish, without grazing (oil seed radish; and 5 natural vegetation, without grazing

  10. The detection of 4 vital signs of in-patients Using fuzzy database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haris Rangkuti, A.; Erlisa Rasjid, Zulfany

    2014-03-01

    Actually in order to improve in the performance of the Hospital's administrator, by serve patients effectively and efficiently, the role of information technology become the dominant support. Especially when it comes to patient's conditions, such that it will be reported to a physician as soon as possible, including monitoring the patient's conditions regularly. For this reason it is necessary to have a Hospital Monitoring Information System, that is able to provide information about the patient's condition which is based on the four vital signs, temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiration. To monitor the 4 vital signs, the concept of fuzzy logic is used, where the vital signs number approaches 1 then the patient is close to recovery, and on the contrary, when the vital signs number approaches 0 then the patient still has problems. This system also helps nurses to provide answers to the relatives of patients, who wants to know the development of the patient's condition, including the recovery percentage based on the average of Fuzzy max from the 4 vital signs. Using Fuzzy-based monitoring system, the monitoring of the patient's condition becomes simpler and easier.

  11. La teoria del ciclo vitale del risparmio di Modigliani cinquant’anni dopo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Baranzini

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Nei primi anni ’50 Franco Modigliani, insieme a Richard Brumberg e ad Albert Ando, formulò lateoria del ciclo vitale del consumo e del risparmio, che ha riscosso un enorme e indiscussosuccesso per almeno tre decenni. Tuttavia, a partire dai primi anni ’80 la teoria del ciclo vitale èstata criticata in modo sempre più serrato, per almeno quattro ragioni. La prima consistenell’esistenza di una significativa trasmissione intergenerazionale della ricchezza, da ricondurre acause esogene al modello del ciclo vitale. La seconda ragione è rappresentata dalla crescenteevidenza che i ricchi continuano a risparmiare in misura maggiore rispetto ai meno fortunati,come, in effetti, Keynes sosteneva. Il terzo motivo è che vi sono prove sempre più evidenti,almeno nell’Europa occidentale e in Giappone, che le famiglie giovani, durante i venti e i trentaanni di età, risparmiano una quota positiva e crescente del proprio reddito, e ciò si pone indeciso contrasto con la versione originaria della teoria del ciclo vitale. Infine, numerosi lavoriempirici hanno rilevato che i pensionati accantonano una parte elevata del proprio reddito. Ciòimpone un serio ripensamento dell’approccio della teoria del ciclo vitale, che interessa sia l’analisieconomica sia la politica economica.

  12. Histological analysis of short-term vital reactions in skin wounds: potential applications in forensic work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AR. Obac

    Full Text Available In forensic medical work, in cases with homicide suspicion, it is important to be able to determine with the greatest possible precision when injuries occurred and whether during vital, or post-mortem conditions. Although several markers of vitality can be employed, it has been attested that components of the extra-cellular matrix, such as fibrin, are among the earliest to be evidenced. In the present study, the histological-histochemical Mallory's Trichrome staining method, previously selected was tested to determine the presence of vital reaction in Wistar rats through fibrin accumulation by testing three short reaction time intervals: 15, 30 and 60 minutes after the skin wound infliction. For all time intervals tested, including the shortest (15 minutes, the presence of fibrin at the edges of the skin wound was evidenced. The accumulation of fibrin was, nevertheless, more pronounced at 30 and 60 minutes after the wound. It could be concluded that fibrin is a good marker for vital reaction and that it can be detected very early, within a few minutes after the injury. It is proposed that histological method coupled to the histochemical staining technique here tested can be incorporated into routine forensic work as a tool for evidencing the existence or not of vital reaction.

  13. Managing American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) population qrowth by targeting nesting season vital rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felton, Shilo K.; Hostetter, Nathan J.; Pollock, Kenneth H.; Simons, Theodore R.

    2017-01-01

    In populations of long-lived species, adult survival typically has a relatively high influence on population growth. From a management perspective, however, adult survival can be difficult to increase in some instances, so other component rates must be considered to reverse population declines. In North Carolina, USA, management to conserve the American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) targets component vital rates related to fecundity, specifically nest and chick survival. The effectiveness of such a management approach in North Carolina was assessed by creating a three-stage female-based deterministic matrix model. Isoclines were produced from the matrix model to evaluate minimum nest and chick survival rates necessary to reverse population decline, assuming all other vital rates remained stable at mean values. Assuming accurate vital rates, breeding populations within North Carolina appear to be declining. To reverse this decline, combined nest and chick survival would need to increase from 0.14 to ≤ 0.27, a rate that appears to be attainable based on historical estimates. Results are heavily dependent on assumptions of other vital rates, most notably adult survival, revealing the need for accurate estimates of all vital rates to inform management actions. This approach provides valuable insights for evaluating conservation goals for species of concern.

  14. The relationship between obesity and forced vital capacity among university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xugui; Chen, Xiaohong

    2015-05-01

    Objetivo: Hemos tratado de explorar la relación entre la capacidad vital y la obesidad entre los estudiantes universitarios en China Métodos: Un estudio transversal fue diseñado para recoger los exámenes de salud para estudiantes universitarios en 2013. La altura, el peso y la fuerza así como la capacidad vital de los estudiantes, y el IMC se calcula con la altura y el peso, así como para estimar la relación entre la capacidad de la fuerza vital y la obesidad. Resultados: Basado en el Grupo de trabajo sobre la obesidad de referencia en China, la obesidad tiene una clara prevalencia sobre la capacidad vital en tanto hombres y mujeres estudiantes universitarias. No se encontró ninguna correlación entre la capacidad vital y el IMC. Conclusión: La obesidad puede tener efecto sobre la función pulmonar entre los estudiantes universitarios, lo que supone una referencia para profundizar el estudio de la epidemia.

  15. Cryoprotective effect of L-carnitine on motility, vitality and DNA oxidation of human spermatozoa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banihani, S; Agarwal, A; Sharma, R; Bayachou, M

    2014-08-01

    Successful cryopreservation for human spermatozoa markedly influences the reproductive outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies. But in spite of its usefulness, cryopreservation significantly decreases sperm quality. l-carnitine has been found to improve the quality of spermatozoa in selected cases with male infertility. Here, we examined the efficacy of l-carnitine in improving sperm motility and vitality and reducing sperm DNA oxidation during cryopreservation. Semen samples from infertile patients (n = 22) were collected and analysed. Cryopreservation medium supplemented with l-carnitine was mixed with the semen at a ratio of 1 : 1 (v/v). The final l-carnitine concentration in each cryovial was 0.5 mg ml(-1) per 5 × 10(6) cell ml(-1) . Controls were cryopreserved without addition of l-carnitine. After 24 h of cryopreservation, thawed sperm samples were analysed for motility, vitality and DNA oxidation. Sperm vitality was assessed by the eosin-nigrosin test, while sperm DNA oxidation was measured by flow cytometry. Addition of l-carnitine significantly improved sperm motility and vitality (P 0.05) in the levels of DNA oxidation between samples and controls. In conclusion, l-carnitine improves human sperm motility and vitality, but has no effect on sperm DNA oxidation after cryopreservation.

  16. Loss of olfactory function and nutritional status in vital older adults and geriatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toussaint, Nicole; de Roon, Margot; van Campen, Jos P C M; Kremer, Stefanie; Boesveldt, Sanne

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the association of olfactory function and nutritional status in vital older adults and geriatric patients. Three hundred forty-five vital (mean age 67.1 years) and 138 geriatric older adults (mean age 80.9 years) were included. Nutritional status was assessed using the mini nutritional assessment-short form. The Sniffin' Sticks was used to measure olfactory function. Eleven percentage of the vital older adults were at risk of malnutrition, whereas 60% of the geriatric participants were malnourished or at risk. Only 2% of the vital older adults were anosmic, compared with 46% of the geriatric participants. Linear regression demonstrated a significant association (P = 0.015) between olfactory function and nutritional status in the geriatric subjects. However, this association became insignificant after adjustment for confounders. Both crude and adjusted analysis in the vital older adults did not show a significant association. The results indicate that, in both groups of elderly, there is no direct relation between olfactory function and nutritional status. We suggest that a decline in olfactory function may still be considered as one of the risk-factors for malnutrition in geriatric patients-once co-occurring with other mental and/or physical problems that are more likely to occur in those patients experience.

  17. Newborn calf vitality: risk factors, characteristics, assessment, resulting outcomes and strategies for improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Christine F; Leslie, Ken E

    2013-11-01

    Dystocia is a stressful and traumatic event for both the cow and calf. As the prevalence of dystocia has increased over time, attention has been focused on maintaining the health and longevity of the cow. Lack of vitality in the newborn calf may go unnoticed and result in short or long-term implications for calf health and performance. A prolonged or assisted delivery may increase birth stress in calves causing a variety of effects including injury, inflammation, hypoxia, acidosis, pain and an inability to maintain homeostasis. Each of these effects can further contribute to a reduced state of vitality in the newborn calf. Newborn vitality is essential to the health, survival and welfare of the calf. If the calf is not vital at birth, it may be unwilling or unable to get up and suckle colostrum in a timely manner. Early colostrum intake improves passive transfer of immunoglobulins, energy uptake and thermoregulation. Intervention may be required to assist these calves such as respiratory and thermal support, manual feeding of colostrum or the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to aid health and long-term survival. However, more research is needed to determine ways in which newborn calf vitality can be assessed and improved in order to reduce the increased risk of morbidity and mortality and long-term effects on performance.

  18. Vital Signs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Theodore, Ed.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Provides statistical evidence that measures progress of African Americans in institutions of higher education in the United States. Data include racial inequality; graduation rates from liberal arts colleges, state universities, and black colleges; and graduation rates of black athletes. (GR)

  19. Cyclic Vitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halse, Sven

    2014-01-01

    an enthusiastic worshipping of life, one that holds youth, health, strength and beauty as its primary attributes, and which was prevalent in all aspects of cultural life around 1900. But even the post war founders of the Vitalist re-conceptualisation of this era, Wolfdietrich Rasch and Gunter Martens, warned...... that also encompasses notions of destruction, decay and death. “All life symbols in literature around 1900 are at the same time symbols of death”. (Rasch, W. 1967:24) Through the analyses of three poems, this article aims to show concrete examples of how cyclic Vitalist thinking is embedded in poetry...

  20. Vital Signs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... part of a health checkup, or during an emergency room visit. They include Blood pressure, which measures the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Blood pressure that is too high or too low can cause problems. Your ...

  1. Spirometer-dependence of vital capacity in ALS: validation of a portable device in 52 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couratier, Philippe; Vincent, François; Torny, Frederic; Lacoste, Mathieu; Melloni, Boris; Lemaire, François; Antonini, Marie-Therese

    2005-12-01

    Since the evaluation of vital capacity (VC) needs to be carried out every three months in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a portable spirometer would be of value in clinical practice. Over the follow-up of 52 ALS patients, we compared the values of slow vital capacity measured by two spirometers: a reference flow-metered spirometer based on a Hans-Rudolph pneumotachograph and a portable Venturi spirometer. The objectives were to analyse the overall concordance of the measurements from the two devices and determine a discordance cut-off. The correlation between measurements was high (r = 0.936) and significant (pvital capacity below the discordance cut-off of 56%, vital capacity should be determined by operators trained in pulmonary function examinations.

  2. Community Vitality: The Role of Community-Level Resilience Adaptation and Innovation in Sustainable Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenore Newman

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Community level action towards sustainable development has emerged as a key scale of intervention in the effort to address our many serious environmental issues. This is hindered by the large-scale destruction of both urban neighbourhoods and rural villages in the second half of the twentieth century. Communities, whether they are small or large, hubs of experimentation or loci of traditional techniques and methods, can be said to have a level of community vitality that acts as a site of resilience, adaptation and innovation in the face of environmental challenges. This paper outlines how community vitality acts as a cornerstone of sustainable development and suggests some courses for future research. A meta-case analysis of thirty-five Canadian communities reveals the characteristics of community vitality emerging from sustainable development experiments and its relationship to resilience, applied specifically to community development.

  3. The Iranian Vital Horoscope; Appropriate Tool to Collect Health Statistics in Rural Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Khosravi

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available "nThis paper aims to describe the Iranian Vital Horoscope System. This system has been designed to collect and display vital events within the community. Baseline population data are collected by health workers (Behvarz, and are entered onto the Vi­tal Horoscope Chart. The objective of this data collection system is to compile relevant data to quantitatively assess the per­form­ance of the health unites at the different levels each year, according to conventional health indicators. Assessing in­di­ces reported based on this data sources confirmed the consistency of the Vital Horoscope as a data collection mechanism and provided face validity of the data source. However, further study is needed to evaluate content validity and reliability of data from this system.

  4. Identifying vital edges in Chinese air route network via memetic algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Du, Wen-Bo; Yan, Gang; Lordan, Oriol; Cao, Xian-Bin

    2016-01-01

    Due to its rapid development in the past decade, air transportation system has attracted considerable research attention from diverse communities. While most of the previous studies focused on airline networks, here we systematically explore the robustness of the Chinese air route network, and identify the vital edges which form the backbone of Chinese air transportation system. Specifically, we employ a memetic algorithm to minimize the network robustness after removing certain edges hence the solution of this model is the set of vital edges. Counterintuitively, our results show that the most vital edges are not necessarily the edges of highest topological importance, for which we provide an extensive explanation from the microscope of view. Our findings also offer new insights to understanding and optimizing other real-world network systems.

  5. [Surgical therapeutic strategy in vital risk polytrauma with multiple organ injuries, case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munteanu, Iulia; Stefan, S; Isloi, Anca; Coca, I C; Baroi, Genoveva; Radu, L; Lăpuşneanu, A; Tamaş, Camelia

    2008-01-01

    The medical interest for trauma pathology is incresing, due to the gravity of the given injuries. The surgical therapeutic strategy used is directly related to the localization and to the type of the trauma. The supplementary lesions and their vital risk also matter. The multidisciplinary team approach is the key to resolve this type of lesions with a good outcome. We recently observed an increasing tendency toward the rise of number and variety of patients with trauma, due to the great diversity of the etiopathogenic agents. The most important factor, during the assessment of a politraumatised patient is to diagnose correctly the functional deficits of vital organs and establish the vital prognosis. It is necessary to adopt the best and fast therapeutic strategy in order to obtain rapid life-saving decisions.

  6. Monitoring and analysis of vital signs of a patient through a multi-agent application system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel HERNÁNDEZ DE LA IGLESIA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the medical environment, the clinical study of the most basic vital signs of a patient represents the simplest and most effective way to detect and monitor health problems. There are many diseases that can be diagnosed and controlled through regular monitoring of these medical data. The purpose of this study is to develop a monitoring and tracking system for the various vital signs of a patient. In particular, this work focuses on the design of a multi-agent architecture composed of virtual organizations with capabilities to integrate different medical sensors on an open, low-cost hardware platform. This system integrates hardware and software elements needed for the routine measurement of vital signs, performed by the patient or caregiver without having to go to a medical center.

  7. The Relationship between Test Anxiety and Academic Performance of Students in Vital Statistics Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Iranfar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Test anxiety is a common phenomenon among students and is one of the problems of educational system. The present study was conducted to investigate the test anxiety in vital statistics course and its association with academic performance of students at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This study was descriptive-analytical and the study sample included the students studying in nursing and midwifery, paramedicine and health faculties that had taken vital statistics course and were selected through census method. Sarason questionnaire was used to analyze the test anxiety. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings indicated no significant correlation between test anxiety and score of vital statistics course.

  8. Identifying vital edges in Chinese air route network via memetic algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenbo Du

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to rapid development in the past decade, air transportation system has attracted considerable research attention from diverse communities. While most of the previous studies focused on airline networks, here we systematically explore the robustness of the Chinese air route network, and identify the vital edges which form the backbone of Chinese air transportation system. Specifically, we employ a memetic algorithm to minimize the network robustness after removing certain edges, and hence the solution of this model is the set of vital edges. Counterintuitively, our results show that the most vital edges are not necessarily the edges of the highest topological importance, for which we provide an extensive explanation from the microscope view. Our findings also offer new insights to understanding and optimizing other real-world network systems.

  9. PERAWATAN SALURAN AKAR SATU KALI KUNJUNGAN PADA GIGI INSISIF SULUNG NON VITAL (Laporan Kasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indah Widhianti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available   The primary tooth with caries process, could be abscess and became non-vital if inflammation of the pulp tissue extents into the root canals. An effort to maintain the non-vita l primary teeth with fistula is pulpectomy. The primary tooth pulpectomy is a common clinical procedure. The choice of filling material and antibacterial properties against organism to inhabit infected primary root canal is important. The choice of filling material is zinc oxide eugenol and antibacterial medicament is formocresol. One-appointment formocresol pulpectomy procedure is indicated when inflammation of the pulp tissue extends into the root canals, and possibly involves the periapical and/or bifurcation area. In this case, after treatment with one-appointment formocresol pulpectomy in non-vital incisive lateral primary tooth with fistula is successful in one and eight months. This procedure provides an alternative to extraction and space maintenance when the pediatric dentist encounters a non-vital primary tooth.

  10. Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambarotto, Andrea

    2014-12-01

    The historical literature on German life science at the end of the 18th century has tried to rehabilitate eighteenth century vitalism by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that these positions are based on a historiographical bias and that the clear-cut boundary between German vitalism and Naturphilosophie is historically unattested. On the contrary, they both belong to the process of conceptual genealogy that contributed to the project of a general biology. The latter emerged as the science concerned with the laws that regulate the organization of living nature as a whole. The focus on organization was, at least partially, the result of the debate surrounding the notion of "vital force", which originated in the mid-eighteenth century and caused a shift from a regulative to a constitutive understanding of teleology.

  11. Intramuscular ziprasidone: influence of alcohol and benzodiazepines on vital signs in the emergency setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Michael P; MacDonald, Kai; Vilke, Gary M; Ronquillo, Linda; Feifel, David

    2013-12-01

    Ziprasidone is a second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) approved for agitation. Few previous studies have examined ziprasidone in the emergency department (ED). For instance, it is unknown how often emergency physicians prescribe ziprasidone, whether it is typically prescribed in combination with a benzodiazepine, or whether use of intramuscular (i.m.) ziprasidone and benzodiazepines affects vital signs compared to i.m. ziprasidone alone. Our aims were to determine the demographics of patients receiving ziprasidone in an urban-suburban ED; the relative frequency with which ziprasidone is prescribed; and the effects on vital signs, repeat medication dosage, and lengths of stay. This is a multicentered structured chart review from 2003 to 2010 of ziprasidone use at two hospitals. If documented, vital signs were compared in patients who received concurrent benzodiazepines and in those who did not, and in patients who ingested alcohol and in those who did not. Patients on 95 visits received ziprasidone during the study period, with one third of these receiving accompanying benzodiazepines. Forty-nine unique patients who were treated with i.m. ziprasidone had documented vital signs. In these patients, alcohol intoxication was associated with decreased oxygen saturations irrespective of benzodiazepines. Concurrent benzodiazepines had no other deleterious effect on vital signs but resulted in longer ED stays. This study suggests that many ED physicians, who commonly prescribe a benzodiazepine with a first-generation antipsychotic like haloperidol, have transferred this practice to SGAs like ziprasidone. In this sample, this pairing did not adversely affect vital signs but was associated with marginally longer ED stays. Caution should be exercised when treating alcohol-intoxicated patients with ziprasidone, as this can decrease oxygen saturations. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Vital analysis: annotating sensed physiological signals with the stress levels of first responders in action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, P; Kaiseler, M; Queirós, C; Oliveira, M; Lopes, B; Coimbra, M

    2012-01-01

    First responders such as firefighters are exposed to extreme stress and fatigue situations during their work routines. It is thus desirable to monitor their health using wearable sensing but this is a complex and still unsolved research challenge that requires large amounts of properly annotated physiological signals data. In this paper we show that the information gathered by our Vital Analysis Framework can support the annotation of these vital signals with the stress levels perceived by the target user, confirmed by the analysis of more than 4600 hours of data collected from real firefighters in action, including 717 answers to event questionnaires from a total of 454 different events.

  13. L’ipotesi del ciclo vitale, la politica fiscale e la previdenza sociale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tullio Jappelli

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Il lavoro riassume le principali implicazioni dell’ipotesi del ciclo vitale per quanto riguarda il risparmio individuale e aggregato, la politica fiscale e la previdenza sociale, soffermandosi sui contributi più importanti di Modigliani su questi temi. Anche se non è facile conciliare alcuni risultati empirici recenti con l’ipotesi del ciclo vitale, soprattutto gli aspetti di inerzia, miopia e comportamento irrazionale documentati nella letteratura comportamentale, gli studi di Modigliani rappresentano ancora oggi la base di riferimento principale per studiare le decisioni dirisparmio individuali e per operare scelte di politica economica.

  14. The effect of housing on calving behavior and calf vitality in Holstein and Jersey dairy cows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campler, Magnus Robert Bertil; Munksgaard, Lene; Jensen, Margit Bak

    2015-01-01

    The present study investigated how calving behavior and calf vitality in Holstein and Jersey dairy cows were affected by housing during the final 4 wk precalving. One hundred twenty-one cows (36 primiparous and 85 multiparous) were moved either to a group pen with deep straw bedding or into frees......The present study investigated how calving behavior and calf vitality in Holstein and Jersey dairy cows were affected by housing during the final 4 wk precalving. One hundred twenty-one cows (36 primiparous and 85 multiparous) were moved either to a group pen with deep straw bedding...

  15. [Forensic medical diagnostics of intra-vitality of the strangulation mark by morphological methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogomolov, D V; Zbrueva, Yu V; Putintsev, V A; Denisova, O P

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the present study WaS to overview the current domestic and foreign literature concerning the up-to-date methods employed for the expert evaluation of intra-vitality of the strangulation mark. The secondary objective was to propose the new approaches for addressing this problem. The methods of expert diagnostics with a view to determining the time of infliction of injuries as exemplified by mechanical asphyxia are discussed. It is concluded that immunohistochemical and morphometric studies provide the most promising tools for the evaluation of intra-vitality of the strangulation mark for the purpose of forensic medical expertise.

  16. LongoVital i forebyggelsen af recidiverende aftøs stomatit. 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, A; Hougen, H P; Klausen, B

    1991-01-01

    LongoVital (LV) (DK. reg. no. 5178/75) is a herbal based tablet enriched with recommended doses of vitamins. The present study was undertaken to investigate prevention of recurrent aphthous ulceration (RAU) during daily intake of LV for six months as compared with placebo in a double-blind, rando......LongoVital (LV) (DK. reg. no. 5178/75) is a herbal based tablet enriched with recommended doses of vitamins. The present study was undertaken to investigate prevention of recurrent aphthous ulceration (RAU) during daily intake of LV for six months as compared with placebo in a double...

  17. Vital Concerns and Vital Illusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murray Code

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A consumer society that has embraced global capitalism while striving to preserve all the comforts and conveniences provided by technoscience is arguably fatally ill. Much support for this gloomy diagnosis is provided by, among others, Hannah Arendt, Northrop Frye, and Friedrich Nietzsche. Their reflections on the health of a human culture point up the urgency of the need to rethink the idea of good reasoning that predominates in the West. However, they also indicate that a healthier, more life-enhancing conception of good reasoning will arise only when a concern for justice and wisdom displaces the traditional ideals of pure and certain knowledge or eternal truths. To this end, Nietzsche recommends that philosophy ought now to concentrate on producing `cultural physicians' who would strive to fashion a philosophy of concern. This type of philosophical therapist requires a radically nonmodern approach to philosophy that must pivot on a vitalistic metaphysics capable of overcoming pervasive nihilistic ideologies which illustrate a globally spreading mythology of unconcern. Hence an effective and lasting cultural therapy will depend on the emergence of a general will/desire to broaden the conception of good reasoning beyond the narrow perspectives established by modern science. And this will depend in turn on the education of future educators who stress above all the importance of cultivating the mythopoeic imaginations of the young.

  18. Avaliação clínica a longo prazo - pelo sinal de Phalen, Tinel e parestesia noturna - dos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de liberação do túnel do carpo com instrumento de Paine® Long-term clinical evaluation - by Phalen, Tinel sign and night paresthesia - of patients submitted to carpal tunnel release surgery with Paine® retinaculatome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Eiti Carbone de Paula

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A liberação do retináculo dos flexores para o tratamento da síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC é uma das cirurgias mais realizadas. Existem diversos métodos para a realização deste procedimento cirúrgico, como endoscópicos, via aberta clássica e mini-incisões. A longo prazo, poucos trabalhos mostram os resultados destas cirurgias. Este estudo tem como finalidade avaliar os pacientes submetidos à liberação do túnel do carpo com instrumento de Paine®, com no mínimo 84 meses de pós-operatório. Foram avaliados os parâmetros clínicos: teste de Phalen, sinal da percussão dolorosa e a queixa de parestesia noturna no pré e pós-operatório. Os resultados mostram que há significante melhora dos sinais avaliados (p....., quando comparados com a avaliação inicial, e que estes sinais clínicos permanecem negativos ao longo do tempo.The release of flexors retinaculum for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS treatment is one of the most frequently performed surgeries. There are many methods for performing this surgical procedure, such as endoscopic, classical open port and mini-incisions. Few papers show the long-term results of those surgeries. This study is aimed to evaluate patients submitted to carpal tunnel syndrome release using the Paine® instrument, in at least 84 months postoperatively. The following clinical parameters were assessed: Phalen test, painful percussion sign, and complaints of nighttime paresthesia pre- and postoperatively. The results show that there is a significant improvement of the signs assessed (p....., when compared to baseline evaluation, and that those clinical signs remain negative with time.

  19. Signos Vitales de los CDC La actividad física y los adultos con discapacidades (Vital Signs-Physical Activity and Adults with Disabilities)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-05-06

    Este podcast se basa en el informe Signos Vitales de los CDC de mayo del 2014. Los adultos con discapacidades que no hacen actividad física aeróbica tienen un 50 % más de probabilidades de tener enfermedades cardiacas, accidentes cerebrovasculares, diabetes o cáncer. Sepa qué puede hacer para ayudar.  Created: 5/6/2014 by National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD).   Date Released: 5/6/2014.

  20. Affiliation, Engagement, Language Use and Vitality: Secondary School Students' Subjective Orientations to Welsh and Welshness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coupland, Nikolas; Bishop, Hywel; Williams, Angie; Evans, Betsy; Garrett, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The revitalisation of a minority language implies subjective as well as objective (e.g. demographic) criteria of vitality. School students of around age 16 have been identified as a key group for carrying a revitalised Welsh language through into social life. Our research profiles the feelings of ethnic affiliation and cultural engagement, and…

  1. FVC to slow inspiratory vital capacity ratio - A potential marker for small airways obstruction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cohen, Judith; Postma, Dirkje S.; Vink-Klooster, Karin; van der Bij, Wim; Verschuuren, Erik; ten Hacken, Nick H. T.; Koeter, Gerard H.; Douma, W. Rob

    2007-01-01

    Background: The ratio of FVC to slow inspiratory vital capacity (SVC) has been reported to reflect small airways obstruction, but its validity as such is still unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the applicability of the FVC/SVC ratio as a marker of small airways function in patients with b

  2. Distributed Departments: A New Approach to Protecting the Vitality of Small Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suson, Daniel J.; Cox, Paul H.; Hewett, Lionel D.; Leckenby, Henry J.; Espinosa, James; Fisher, Paul; Craig, David; Marble, Daniel K.; Balasubramanya, M. K.; Gonzalez, O.; Ni, Q.; Willson, V. L.

    2008-01-01

    The Texas Electronic Coalition for Physics was established in 2000 as a means of demonstrating that by linking together, small programs can maintain their vitality in higher education. Using Interactive Television, the Internet, telephones, faxes, and other electronic media, five physics programs scattered across the state of Texas formed a…

  3. The Relationship between Teacher's Autonomy Support and Students' Autonomy and Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, Juan L.; Fernández, Celia; León, Jaime; Grijalvo, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    What makes a student feel vital and energetic? Using the self-determination framework, we analyzed how the behavior and feelings of students depend on social factors such as the teachers' attitudes. The goal of the study was to test an integrated sequence over a semester in which teacher's autonomy support acts as a predictor of autonomy, which,…

  4. 78 FR 942 - National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting Standards Subcommittee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ..., Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of E-Health Standards and Services, 7500 Security... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting Standards...

  5. 76 FR 66719 - National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting Standards Subcommittee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ..., Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of E-Health Standards and Services, 7500 Security... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting Standards...

  6. 76 FR 20989 - National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of E-Health Standards and Services, 7500 Security Boulevard... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting Pursuant to the...

  7. 78 FR 54470 - National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting Standards Subcommittee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ..., telephone (301) 458-4245 or Denise Buenning, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of E-Health... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting Standards...

  8. Multi-parameter vital sign database to assist in alarm optimization for general care units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, James; Kanter, Benjamin; Skora, Brooke; McCombie, Scott; Henry, Isaac; McCombie, Devin; Kennedy, Rosemary; Soller, Babs

    2016-12-01

    Continual vital sign assessment on the general care, medical-surgical floor is expected to provide early indication of patient deterioration and increase the effectiveness of rapid response teams. However, there is concern that continual, multi-parameter vital sign monitoring will produce alarm fatigue. The objective of this study was the development of a methodology to help care teams optimize alarm settings. An on-body wireless monitoring system was used to continually assess heart rate, respiratory rate, SpO2 and noninvasive blood pressure in the general ward of ten hospitals between April 1, 2014 and January 19, 2015. These data, 94,575 h for 3430 patients are contained in a large database, accessible with cloud computing tools. Simulation scenarios assessed the total alarm rate as a function of threshold and annunciation delay (s). The total alarm rate of ten alarms/patient/day predicted from the cloud-hosted database was the same as the total alarm rate for a 10 day evaluation (1550 h for 36 patients) in an independent hospital. Plots of vital sign distributions in the cloud-hosted database were similar to other large databases published by different authors. The cloud-hosted database can be used to run simulations for various alarm thresholds and annunciation delays to predict the total alarm burden experienced by nursing staff. This methodology might, in the future, be used to help reduce alarm fatigue without sacrificing the ability to continually monitor all vital signs.

  9. An effective bleaching technique for non-vital, discoloured teeth in children and adolescents.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Leith, Rona

    2009-08-01

    Discolouration of a permanent incisor may have a significant social impact on children and adolescents. Intervention should be minimally destructive of tooth tissue and should not compromise future restorative options. This paper reviews the technique of inside\\/outside bleaching, and proposes it as an efficient, effective and acceptable method for use in the compliant younger patient with an unaesthetic non-vital tooth.

  10. Quality of shear fractionated wheat gluten – comparison to commercial vital wheat gluten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zalm, van der E.E.J.; Goot, van der A.J.; Boom, R.M.

    2011-01-01

    The functional properties of gluten obtained with a shear-induced separation process, recently proposed by Peighambardoust et al. (2008), are compared with a commercially available vital wheat gluten. Two tests were performed. First, a relatively strong wheat flour, Soissons, was enriched with

  11. Shanxi, A Vital Energy Supplier Expects Cooperation with the Foreign Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ shanxi province, a vital supplier of energy and raw material in China, is blessed with rich mineral resources,such as coal, iron, aluminum and magnesium. In a press conference held in August in Beijing, Song Beishan, Vice Governor of the Province Government introduced the current situation of Shanxi.

  12. Shanxi, A Vital Energy Supplier Expects Cooperation with the Foreign Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      shanxi province, a vital supplier of energy and raw material in China, is blessed with rich mineral resources,such as coal, iron, aluminum and magnesium. In a press conference held in August in Beijing, Song Beishan, Vice Governor of the Province Government introduced the current situation of Shanxi.……

  13. Advanced medical life support procedures in vitally compromised children by a helicopter emergency medical service.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerritse, B.M.; Schalkwijk, A.; Pelzer, B.J.; Scheffer, G.J.; Draaisma, J.M.T.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To determine the advanced life support procedures provided by an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) and a Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) for vitally compromised children. Incidence and success rate of several procedures were studied, with a distinction made between procedures

  14. Effect of nightguard vital bleaching gel on the color stability of provisional restorative materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salwa Omar Bajunaid

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Composite-based provisional material showed highest color stability when exposed to vital tooth bleaching gel, whereas methacrylate-based material was the least color stable. Polycarbonate crowns were more color stable when exposed to 15% bleaching gel as opposed to 10% bleaching gel.

  15. Visualizing Patient Journals by Combining Vital Signs Monitoring and Natural Language Processing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilic, Adnan; Petersen, John Asger; Hoppe, Karsten

    2016-01-01

    monitoring vital signs and then combining these into Early Warning Scores (EWS). Hereafter, techniques from Natural Language Processing (NLP) are applied on the existing patient journal to extract all entries. Finally, the two methods are combined into an interactive timeline featuring the ability to see...

  16. Association of Forced Vital Capacity with the Developmental Gene NCOR2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Minelli (Cosetta); C.H. Dean (Charlotte H.); M. Hind (Matthew); A.C. Alves (Alexessander Couto); A.F.S. Amaral (André F.S.); V. Siroux (V.); V. Huikari (Ville); M.S. Artigas; D.M. Evans (David M.); D.W. Loth (Daan); Y. Bossé (Yohan); D.S. Postma (Dirkje); D.D. Sin; J.R. Thompson (John); F. Demenais (Florence); J. Henderson (John); E. Bouzigon (Emmanuelle); D.L. Jarvis (Deborah); M.-R. Jarvelin (Marjo-Riitta); P.G. Burney; S.A. Gharib (Sina); L.V. Wain (Louise); N. Franceschini (Nora); B. Koch (Beate); T.D. Pottinger (Tess); A.V. Smith; Q. Duan (Qing); C. Oldmeadow (Christopher); M.K. Lee (Mi Kyeong); D.P. Strachan (David P.); A.L. James (Alan L.); J.E. Huffman (Jennifer); V. Vitart (Veronique); A. Ramasamy (Adaikalavan); N.J. Wareham (Nicholas J.); J. Kaprio (Jaakko); X.-Q. Wang (Xin-Qun); H. Trochet (Holly); M. Kähönen (Mika); C. Flexeder (Claudia); E. Albrecht (Eva); L.M. Lopez (Lorna M.); K. de Jong (Kim); B. Thyagarajan (Bharat); S. Enroth (Stefan); E. Omenaas (Ernst); P.K. Joshi (Peter); M. Fall (Magnus); A. Viñuela (Ana); L.J. Launer (Lenore); L.R. Loehr (Laura); M. Fornage (Myriam); G. Li (Guo); J.B. Wilk (Jemma); W. Tang (Wenbo); A. Manichaikul (Ani); L. Lahousse (Lies); T.B. Harris (Tamara); K.E. North (Kari E.); A.R. Rudnicka (Alicja); J. Hui (Jennie); X. Gu (Xiangjun); T. Lumley (Thomas); A.F. Wright (Alan F.); N. Hastie (Nick); S. Campbell (Susan); R. Kumar (Rajesh); I. Pin (Isabelle); R.A. Scott (Robert); K.H. Pietilainen (Kirsi Hannele); I. Surakka (Ida); Y. Liu (Yongmei); E.G. Holliday (Elizabeth); H. Schulz (Holger); J. Heinrich (Joachim); G. Davies (Gail); J. MVonk (Judith); M.K. Wojczynski (Mary ); A. Pouta (Anneli); A. Johansson (Åsa); S. Wild (Sarah); E. Ingelsson (Erik); F. Rivadeneira Ramirez (Fernando); H. Völzke (Henry); P.G. Hysi (Pirro); G. Eiriksdottir (Gudny); A.C. Morrison (Alanna); J.I. Rotter (Jerome I.); W. Gao (Wei); W.B. White (Wendy); S.S. Rich (Stephen S.); A. Hofman (Albert); T. Aspelund (Thor); D.J. Couper (David); L.J. Smith (Lewis J.); B.M. Psaty (Bruce); K. Lohman (Kurt); E.G. Burchard (Esteban); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); M. Garcia (Melissa); B.R. Joubert (Bonnie); W.L. McArdle (Wendy); A.B. Musk (A Bill); C.R.W. Hansel (Christian); S.R. Heckbert (Susan); L. Zgaga (Lina); J.B.J. van Meurs (Joyce); P. Navarro (Pau); I. Rudan (Igor); Y.-M. Oh (Yeon-Mok); S. Redline (Susan); D.L. Jarvis (Deborah L.); J.H. Zhao (Jing Hua); T. Rantanen (Taina); G.T. O Connor (George T.); S. Ripatti (Samuli); R.J. Scott (Rodney); S. Karrasch (Stefan); H. Grallert (Harald); N.C. Gaddis (Nathan C.); J. MStarr (John); C. Wijmenga (Cisca); R.L. Minster (Ryan); C.W. Lederer (Carsten); J. Pekkanen (Juha); U. Gyllensten (Ulf); H. Campbell (Harry); A.P. Morris (Andrew); S. Gläser (Sven); C.J. Hammond (Christopher J.); K. MBurkart (Kristin); J. Beilby (John); S.B. Kritchevsky (Stephen B.); V. Gudnason (Vilmundur); D.B. Hancock (Dana); O. Williams (O'Dale); O. Polasek (Ozren); T. Zemunik (Tatijana); I. Kolcic (Ivana); M.F. Petrini (Marcy); M. Wjst (Matthias); W.J. Kim (Woo Jin); D.J. Porteous (David J.); G. Scotland (Generation); B.H. Smith (Blair); A. Viljanen (Anne); M. Heliovaara (Markku); J. Attia (John); I. Sayers (Ian); R. Hampel (Regina); C. Gieger (Christian); I.J. Deary (Ian J.); H.M. Boezen (Marike); A.B. Newman (Anne B.); J.F. Wilson (James F); L. Lind (Lars); B.H.Ch. Stricker (Bruno); A. Teumer (Alexander); T.D. Spector (Timothy); E. Melén (Erik); M.J. Peters (Marjolein); L.A. Lange (Leslie); R.G. Barr (R. Graham); K.R. Bracke (Ken); F. MVerhamme (Fien); J. Sung (Joohon); P.S. Hiemstra (Pieter); P.A. Cassano (Patricia); A. Sood (Akshay); C. Hayward (Caroline); J. Dupuis (Josée); I.P. Hall (Ian); G.G. Brusselle (Guy); M.D. Tobin (Martin); S.J. London (Stephanie J)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBackground Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) is an important predictor of all-cause mortality in the absence of chronic respiratory conditions. Epidemiological evidence highlights the role of early life factors on adult FVC, pointing to environmental exposures and genes affecting lung developm

  17. Genome-wide association analysis identifies six new loci associated with forced vital capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loth, Daan W.; Artigas, Maria Soler; Gharib, Sina A.; Wain, Louise V.; Franceschini, Nora; Koch, Beate; Pottinger, Tess D.; Smith, Albert Vernon; Duan, Qing; Oldmeadow, Chris; Lee, Mi Kyeong; Strachan, David P.; James, Alan L.; Huffman, Jennifer E.; Vitart, Veronique; Ramasamy, Adaikalavan; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Kaprio, Jaakko; Wang, Xin-Qun; Trochet, Holly; Kaonen, Mika; Flexeder, Claudia; Albrecht, Eva; Lopez, Lorna M.; de Jong, Kim; Thyagarajan, Bharat; Alves, Alexessander Couto; Enroth, Stefan; Omenaas, Ernst; Joshi, Peter K.; Fall, Tove; Vinuela, Ana; Launer, Lenore J.; Loehr, Laura R.; Fornage, Myriam; Li, Guo; Wik, Jemma B.; Tang, Wenbo; Manichaikul, Ani; Lahousse, Lies; Harris, Tamara B.; North, Kari E.; Rudnicka, Alicja R.; Hui, Jennie; Gu, Xiangjun; Lumley, Thomas; Wright, Alan F.; Hastie, Nicholas D.; Campbell, Susan; Kumar, Rajesh; Pin, Isabelle; Scott, Robert A.; Pietilainen, Kirsi H.; Surakka, Ida; Liu, Yongmei; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Schulz, Holger; Heinrich, Joachim; Davies, Gail; Vonk, Judith M.; Wojczynski, Mary; Pouta, Anneli; Johansson, Asa; Wild, Sarah H.; Ingelsson, Erik; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Voezke, Henry; Hysi, Pirro G.; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Morrison, Alanna C.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Gao, Wei; Postma, Dirkje S.; White, Wendy B.; Rich, Stephen S.; Hofman, Albert; Aspelund, Thor; Couper, David; Smith, Lewis J.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Lohman, Kurt; Burchard, Esteban G.; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Garcia, Melissa; Joubert, Bonnie R.; McArdle, Wendy L.; Musk, A. Bill; Hansel, Nadia; Heckbert, Susan R.; Zgaga, Lina; van Meurs, Joyce B. J.; Navarro, Pau; Rudan, Igor; Oh, Yeon-Mok; Redline, Susan; Jarvis, Deborah L.; Rantanen, Taina; O'Connor, George T.; Ripatti, Samuli; Scott, Rodney J.; Karrasch, Stefan; Grallert, Harald; Gaddis, Nathan C.; Starr, John M.; Wijmenga, Cisca; Minster, Ryan L.; Lederer, David J.; Pekkanen, Juha; Gyllensten, Ulf; Campbe, Harry; Morris, Andrew P.; Glaeser, Sven; Hammond, Christopher J.; Burkart, Kristin M.; Beilby, John; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Gucinason, Vilrnundur; Hancock, Dana B.; Williams, Dale; Polasek, Ozren; Zemunik, Tatijana; Kolcic, Ivana; Petrini, Marcy F.; Wjst, Matthias; Kim, Woo Jin; Porteous, David J.; Scotland, Generation; Smith, Blair H.; Villanen, Anne; Heliovaara, Markku; Attia, John R.; Sayers, Ian; Hampel, Regina; Gieger, Christian; Deary, Ian J.; Boezen, Hendrika; Newman, Anne; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Wilson, James F.; Lind, Lars; Stricker, Bruno H.; Teumer, Alexander; Spector, Timothy D.; Melen, Erik; Peters, Marjolein J.; Lange, Leslie A.; Barr, R. Graham; Bracke, Ken R.; Verhamme, Fien M.; Sung, Joohon; Hiemstra, Pieter S.; Cassano, Patricia A.; Sood, Akshay; Hayward, Caroline; Dupuis, Josee; Hall, Ian P.; Brusselle, Guy G.; Tobin, Martin D.; London, Stephanie J.

    2014-01-01

    Forced vital capacity (FVC), a spirometric measure of pulmonary function, reflects lung volume and is used to diagnose and monitor lung diseases. We performed genome-wide association study meta-analysis of FVC in 52,253 individuals from 26 studies and followed up the top associations in 32,917 addit

  18. CDC Vital Signs–Think Sepsis. Time Matters.

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-08-23

    This podcast is based on the August 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Sepsis is a medical emergency and can happen quickly. Learn the signs of sepsis and how to prevent it.  Created: 8/23/2016 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 8/23/2016.

  19. CDC Vital Signs–Cancer and Tobacco Use

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-11-10

    This podcast is based on the November 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. There is a long list of cancers linked to tobacco use, the leading preventable cause of cancer and cancer deaths. Learn more here.  Created: 11/10/2016 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 11/10/2016.

  20. Vital Signs – Hepatitis C: What You Need to Know

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-05-07

    This podcast is based on the May 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. It discusses hepatitis C, a serious viral infection, and the need for everyone born from 1945 through 1965 to get tested.  Created: 5/7/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 5/7/2013.

  1. CDC Vital Signs–Zika Virus: Protecting Pregnant Women and Babies

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-04-04

    This podcast is based on the April 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects. Learn how to protect babies from Zika-related health conditions.  Created: 4/4/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 4/4/2017.

  2. Vital Signs – Preventable Deaths from Heart Disease and Stroke

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-09-03

    This podcast is based on the September 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. More than 800,000 Americans die each year from heart disease and stroke. Learn how to manage all the major risk factors.  Created: 9/3/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 9/3/2013.

  3. Effectiveness of a Multilevel Workplace Health Promotion Program on Vitality, Health, and Work-Related Outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriksen, I.J.M.; Snoijer, M.; Kok, B.P. de; Vlisteren, J. van; Hofstetter, H.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Evaluation of the effectiveness of a workplace health promotion program on employees’ vitality, health, and work-related outcomes, and exploring the influence of organizational support and the supervisors’ role on these outcomes. Methods: The 5-month intervention included activities at

  4. Strategies for sustainable regional development and conditions for vital coalitions in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horlings, L.G.

    2011-01-01

    The question that is addressed in this chapter is how processes can be stimulated in rural–urban areas which contribute to sustainable development? How can capacity to act be realized? Our hypothesis is: Specific informal networks in the form of vital coalitions between private and public actors can

  5. Increased vital exhaustion among type-D patients with ischemic heart disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pedersen, SS; Middel, B

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of the "distressed personality" (type-D) in cardiac patients and to explore the relationships between type-D, gender, vital exhaustion and angina pectoris. Methods: A questionnaire was completed by 171 patients scheduled for coronary angiography (CAG) at base

  6. An Investigation of the Predictive Role of Authenticity on Subjective Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gocet Tekin, Emine; Satici, Begum

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to determine the relationship between authenticity and subjective vitality among university students in Turkey. The study was carried out with 284 university students (164 female, 120 male, M[subscript age] = 19.91 years, SD = 1.79, and age range: 17-30). Participants completed the Turkish version of the Authenticity Scale and…

  7. Investigating the Predictive Role of Authenticity on Subjective Vitality with Structural Equation Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Umran; Akin, Ahmet

    2014-01-01

    Authenticity is a basic personality characteristic that has an important influence on both the psychological and social lives of individuals. Subjective vitality also assumes a facilitative role regarding positive mental health indicators. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the predictive role of authenticity on subjective…

  8. Association of Forced Vital Capacity with the Developmental Gene NCOR2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Minelli (Cosetta); C.H. Dean (Charlotte H.); M. Hind (Matthew); A.C. Alves (Alexessander Couto); A.F.S. Amaral (André F.S.); V. Siroux (V.); V. Huikari (Ville); M.S. Artigas; D.M. Evans (David M.); D.W. Loth (Daan); Y. Bossé (Yohan); D.S. Postma (Dirkje); D.D. Sin; J.R. Thompson (John); F. Demenais (Florence); J. Henderson (John); E. Bouzigon (Emmanuelle); D.L. Jarvis (Deborah); M.-R. Jarvelin (Marjo-Riitta); P.G. Burney; S.A. Gharib (Sina); L.V. Wain (Louise); N. Franceschini (Nora); B. Koch (Beate); T.D. Pottinger (Tess); A.V. Smith; Q. Duan (Qing); C. Oldmeadow (Christopher); M.K. Lee (Mi Kyeong); D.P. Strachan (David P.); A.L. James (Alan L.); J.E. Huffman (Jennifer); V. Vitart (Veronique); A. Ramasamy (Adaikalavan); N.J. Wareham (Nicholas J.); J. Kaprio (Jaakko); X.-Q. Wang (Xin-Qun); H. Trochet (Holly); M. Kähönen (Mika); C. Flexeder (Claudia); E. Albrecht (Eva); L.M. Lopez (Lorna M.); K. de Jong (Kim); B. Thyagarajan (Bharat); S. Enroth (Stefan); E. Omenaas (Ernst); P.K. Joshi (Peter); M. Fall (Magnus); A. Viñuela (Ana); L.J. Launer (Lenore); L.R. Loehr (Laura); M. Fornage (Myriam); G. Li (Guo); J.B. Wilk (Jemma); W. Tang (Wenbo); A. Manichaikul (Ani); L. Lahousse (Lies); T.B. Harris (Tamara); K.E. North (Kari E.); A.R. Rudnicka (Alicja); J. Hui (Jennie); X. Gu (Xiangjun); T. Lumley (Thomas); A.F. Wright (Alan F.); N. Hastie (Nick); S. Campbell (Susan); R. Kumar (Rajesh); I. Pin (Isabelle); R.A. Scott (Robert); K.H. Pietilainen (Kirsi Hannele); I. Surakka (Ida); Y. Liu (Yongmei); E.G. Holliday (Elizabeth); H. Schulz (Holger); J. Heinrich (Joachim); G. Davies (Gail); J. MVonk (Judith); M.K. Wojczynski (Mary ); A. Pouta (Anneli); A. Johansson (Åsa); S. Wild (Sarah); E. Ingelsson (Erik); F. Rivadeneira Ramirez (Fernando); H. Völzke (Henry); P.G. Hysi (Pirro); G. Eiriksdottir (Gudny); A.C. Morrison (Alanna); J.I. Rotter (Jerome I.); W. Gao (Wei); W.B. White (Wendy); S.S. Rich (Stephen S.); A. Hofman (Albert); T. Aspelund (Thor); D.J. Couper (David); L.J. Smith (Lewis J.); B.M. Psaty (Bruce); K. Lohman (Kurt); E.G. Burchard (Esteban); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); M. Garcia (Melissa); B.R. Joubert (Bonnie); W.L. McArdle (Wendy); A.B. Musk (A Bill); C.R.W. Hansel (Christian); S.R. Heckbert (Susan); L. Zgaga (Lina); J.B.J. van Meurs (Joyce); P. Navarro (Pau); I. Rudan (Igor); Y.-M. Oh (Yeon-Mok); S. Redline (Susan); D.L. Jarvis (Deborah L.); J.H. Zhao (Jing Hua); T. Rantanen (Taina); G.T. O Connor (George T.); S. Ripatti (Samuli); R.J. Scott (Rodney); S. Karrasch (Stefan); H. Grallert (Harald); N.C. Gaddis (Nathan C.); J. MStarr (John); C. Wijmenga (Cisca); R.L. Minster (Ryan); C.W. Lederer (Carsten); J. Pekkanen (Juha); U. Gyllensten (Ulf); H. Campbell (Harry); A.P. Morris (Andrew); S. Gläser (Sven); C.J. Hammond (Christopher J.); K. MBurkart (Kristin); J. Beilby (John); S.B. Kritchevsky (Stephen B.); V. Gudnason (Vilmundur); D.B. Hancock (Dana); O. Williams (O'Dale); O. Polasek (Ozren); T. Zemunik (Tatijana); I. Kolcic (Ivana); M.F. Petrini (Marcy); M. Wjst (Matthias); W.J. Kim (Woo Jin); D.J. Porteous (David J.); G. Scotland (Generation); B.H. Smith (Blair); A. Viljanen (Anne); M. Heliovaara (Markku); J. Attia (John); I. Sayers (Ian); R. Hampel (Regina); C. Gieger (Christian); I.J. Deary (Ian J.); H.M. Boezen (Marike); A.B. Newman (Anne B.); J.F. Wilson (James F); L. Lind (Lars); B.H.Ch. Stricker (Bruno); A. Teumer (Alexander); T.D. Spector (Timothy); E. Melén (Erik); M.J. Peters (Marjolein); L.A. Lange (Leslie); R.G. Barr (R. Graham); K.R. Bracke (Ken); F. MVerhamme (Fien); J. Sung (Joohon); P.S. Hiemstra (Pieter); P.A. Cassano (Patricia); A. Sood (Akshay); C. Hayward (Caroline); J. Dupuis (Josée); I.P. Hall (Ian); G.G. Brusselle (Guy); M.D. Tobin (Martin); S.J. London (Stephanie J)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBackground Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) is an important predictor of all-cause mortality in the absence of chronic respiratory conditions. Epidemiological evidence highlights the role of early life factors on adult FVC, pointing to environmental exposures and genes affecting lung

  9. Genome-wide association analysis identifies six new loci associated with forced vital capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loth, Daan W.; Artigas, Maria Soler; Gharib, Sina A.; Wain, Louise V.; Franceschini, Nora; Koch, Beate; Pottinger, Tess D.; Smith, Albert Vernon; Duan, Qing; Oldmeadow, Chris; Lee, Mi Kyeong; Strachan, David P.; James, Alan L.; Huffman, Jennifer E.; Vitart, Veronique; Ramasamy, Adaikalavan; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Kaprio, Jaakko; Wang, Xin-Qun; Trochet, Holly; Kaonen, Mika; Flexeder, Claudia; Albrecht, Eva; Lopez, Lorna M.; de Jong, Kim; Thyagarajan, Bharat; Alves, Alexessander Couto; Enroth, Stefan; Omenaas, Ernst; Joshi, Peter K.; Fall, Tove; Vinuela, Ana; Launer, Lenore J.; Loehr, Laura R.; Fornage, Myriam; Li, Guo; Wik, Jemma B.; Tang, Wenbo; Manichaikul, Ani; Lahousse, Lies; Harris, Tamara B.; North, Kari E.; Rudnicka, Alicja R.; Hui, Jennie; Gu, Xiangjun; Lumley, Thomas; Wright, Alan F.; Hastie, Nicholas D.; Campbell, Susan; Kumar, Rajesh; Pin, Isabelle; Scott, Robert A.; Pietilainen, Kirsi H.; Surakka, Ida; Liu, Yongmei; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Schulz, Holger; Heinrich, Joachim; Davies, Gail; Vonk, Judith M.; Wojczynski, Mary; Pouta, Anneli; Johansson, Asa; Wild, Sarah H.; Ingelsson, Erik; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Voezke, Henry; Hysi, Pirro G.; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Morrison, Alanna C.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Gao, Wei; Postma, Dirkje S.; White, Wendy B.; Rich, Stephen S.; Hofman, Albert; Aspelund, Thor; Couper, David; Smith, Lewis J.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Lohman, Kurt; Burchard, Esteban G.; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Garcia, Melissa; Joubert, Bonnie R.; McArdle, Wendy L.; Musk, A. Bill; Hansel, Nadia; Heckbert, Susan R.; Zgaga, Lina; van Meurs, Joyce B. J.; Navarro, Pau; Rudan, Igor; Oh, Yeon-Mok; Redline, Susan; Jarvis, Deborah L.; Rantanen, Taina; O'Connor, George T.; Ripatti, Samuli; Scott, Rodney J.; Karrasch, Stefan; Grallert, Harald; Gaddis, Nathan C.; Starr, John M.; Wijmenga, Cisca; Minster, Ryan L.; Lederer, David J.; Pekkanen, Juha; Gyllensten, Ulf; Campbe, Harry; Morris, Andrew P.; Glaeser, Sven; Hammond, Christopher J.; Burkart, Kristin M.; Beilby, John; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Gucinason, Vilrnundur; Hancock, Dana B.; Williams, Dale; Polasek, Ozren; Zemunik, Tatijana; Kolcic, Ivana; Petrini, Marcy F.; Wjst, Matthias; Kim, Woo Jin; Porteous, David J.; Scotland, Generation; Smith, Blair H.; Villanen, Anne; Heliovaara, Markku; Attia, John R.; Sayers, Ian; Hampel, Regina; Gieger, Christian; Deary, Ian J.; Boezen, Hendrika; Newman, Anne; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Wilson, James F.; Lind, Lars; Stricker, Bruno H.; Teumer, Alexander; Spector, Timothy D.; Melen, Erik; Peters, Marjolein J.; Lange, Leslie A.; Barr, R. Graham; Bracke, Ken R.; Verhamme, Fien M.; Sung, Joohon; Hiemstra, Pieter S.; Cassano, Patricia A.; Sood, Akshay; Hayward, Caroline; Dupuis, Josee; Hall, Ian P.; Brusselle, Guy G.; Tobin, Martin D.; London, Stephanie J.

    Forced vital capacity (FVC), a spirometric measure of pulmonary function, reflects lung volume and is used to diagnose and monitor lung diseases. We performed genome-wide association study meta-analysis of FVC in 52,253 individuals from 26 studies and followed up the top associations in 32,917

  10. Genome-wide association analysis identifies six new loci associated with forced vital capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.W. Loth (Daan); M.S. Artigas; S.A. Gharib (Sina); L.V. Wain (Louise); N. Franceschini (Nora); B. Koch (Beate); T.D. Pottinger (Tess); G.D. Smith; Q. Duan (Qing); C. Oldmeadow (Christopher); M.K. Lee (Mi Kyeong); D.P. Strachan (David); A.L. James (Alan); J.E. Huffman (Jennifer); V. Vitart (Veronique); A. Ramasamy (Adaikalavan); N.J. Wareham (Nick); J. Kaprio (Jaakko); X.-Q. Wang (Xin-Qun); H. Trochet (Holly); M. Kähönen (Mika); C. Flexeder (Claudia); E. Albrecht (Eva); L.M. Lopez (Lorna); B. Thyagarajan (Bharat); A.C. Alves (Alexessander Couto); S. Enroth (Stefan); E. Omenaas (Ernst); P.K. Joshi (Peter); M. Fall (Magnus); A. Viñuela (Ana); L.J. Launer (Lenore); L.R. Loehr (Laura); M. Fornage (Myriam); G. Li (Guo); J.B. Wilk (Jemma); W. Tang (Wenbo); A. Manichaikul (Ani); L. Lahousse (Lies); T.B. Harris (Tamara); K.E. North (Kari); A.R. Rudnicka (Alicja); J. Hui (Jennie); X. Gu (Xiangjun); T. Lumley (Thomas); A.F. Wright (Alan); N. Hastie (Nick); S. Campbell (Susan); R. Kumar (Rajesh); I. Pin (Isabelle); R.A. Scott (Robert); K.H. Pietilainen (Kirsi Hannele); I. Surakka (Ida); Y. Liu (Yongmei); E.G. Holliday (Elizabeth); H. Schulz (Holger); J. Heinrich (Joachim); G. Davies (Gail); J.M. Vonk (Judith); M.K. Wojczynski (Mary ); A. Pouta (Anneli); A. Johansson (Åsa); S.H. Wild (Sarah); E. Ingelsson (Erik); F. Rivadeneira Ramirez (Fernando); H. Völzke (Henry); P.G. Hysi (Pirro); G. Eiriksdottir (Gudny); A.C. Morrison (Alanna); J.I. Rotter (Jerome); W. Gao (Wei); D.S. Postma (Dirkje); W.B. White (Wendy); S.S. Rich (Stephen); A. Hofman (Albert); T. Aspelund (Thor); D. Couper (David); L.J. Smith (Lewis); B.M. Psaty (Bruce); K. Lohman (Kurt); E.G. Burchard (Esteban); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); M. Garcia (Melissa); B.R. Joubert (Bonnie); W.L. McArdle (Wendy); A.W. Musk (Arthur); C.R.W. Hansel (Christian); S.R. Heckbert (Susan); L. Zgaga (Lina); J.B.J. van Meurs (Joyce); P. Navarro (Pau); I. Rudan (Igor); Y.-M. Oh (Yeon-Mok); S. Redline (Susan); D.L. Jarvis (Deborah); J.H. Zhao (Jing); T. Rantanen (Taina); G.T. O'Connor (George); S. Ripatti (Samuli); R.J. Scott (Rodney); S. Karrasch (Stefan); H. Grallert (Harald); N.C. Gaddis (Nathan); J.M. Starr (John); C. Wijmenga (Cisca); R.L. Minster (Ryan); C.W. Lederer (Carsten); J. Pekkanen (Juha); U. Gyllensten (Ulf); H. Campbell (Harry); A.P. Morris (Andrew); S. Gläser (Sven); C.J. Hammond (Christopher); K.M. Burkart (Kristin); J.P. Beilby (John); S.B. Kritchevsky (Stephen); V. Gudnason (Vilmundur); D.B. Hancock (Dana); O.D. Williams (Dale); O. Polasek (Ozren); T. Zemunik (Tatijana); I. Kolcic (Ivana); M.F. Petrini (Marcy); K.T. de Jong (Kim); M. Wjst (Matthias); W.H. Kim (Woo); D.J. Porteous (David J.); G. Scotland (Generation); B.H. Smith (Blair); A. Viljanen (Anne); M. Heliovaara (Markku); J. Attia (John); I. Sayers (Ian); R. Hampel (Regina); C. Gieger (Christian); I.J. Deary (Ian); H.M. Boezen (Marike); A.B. Newman (Anne); M.-R. Jarvelin (Marjo-Riitta); J.F. Wilson (James); L. Lind (Lars); B.H.Ch. Stricker (Bruno); A. Teumer (Alexander); T.D. Spector (Timothy); E. Melén (Erik); M.J. Peters (Marjolein); L.A. Lange (Leslie); R.G. Barr (Graham); K.R. Bracke (Ken); F.M. Verhamme (Fien); J. Sung (Joohon); P.S. Hiemstra (Pieter); P.A. Cassano (Patricia); A. Sood (Akshay); C. Hayward (Caroline); J. Dupuis (Josée); I.P. Hall (Ian); G.G. Brusselle (Guy); M.D. Tobin (Martin); S.J. London (Stephanie)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractForced vital capacity (FVC), a spirometric measure of pulmonary function, reflects lung volume and is used to diagnose and monitor lung diseases. We performed genome-wide association study meta-analysis of FVC in 52,253 individuals from 26 studies and followed up the top associations in

  11. Relationships, Variety & Synergy: The Vital Ingredients for Scholarship in Engineering Education? A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Robin; Andrews, Jane

    2014-01-01

    This paper begins with the argument that within modern-day society, engineering has shifted from being the scientific and technical mainstay of industrial, and more recently digital change to become the most vital driver of future advancement. In order to meet the inevitable challenges resulting from this role, the nature of engineering education…

  12. Vital signs detection radar using low intermediate-frequency architecture and single-sideband transmission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Brian Sveistrup; Jónasson, Sævar Þór; Johansen, Tom Keinicke

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a continuous wave vital signs detection radar that utilizes a heterodyne transceiver architecture with a 10 MHz intermediate frequency to remove both unwanted DC offsets in the electronic components and the so-called null-detection-points. For successful removal of the latter...

  13. Establishment of Reference Doses for residues of allergenic foods: Report of the VITAL Expert Panel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taylor, S.L.; Baumert, J.L.; Kruizinga, A.G.; Remington, B.C.; Crevel, R.W.R.; Brooke-Taylor, S.; Allen, K.J.; Houben, G.

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, an expert panel was assembled to establish appropriate Reference Doses for allergenic food residues as a part of the VITAL (Voluntary Incidental Trace Allergen Labeling) program of The Allergen Bureau of Australia & New Zealand (ABA). These Reference Doses would guide advisory labeling deci

  14. Advanced medical life support procedures in vitally compromised children by a helicopter emergency medical service.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerritse, B.M.; Schalkwijk, A.; Pelzer, B.J.; Scheffer, G.J.; Draaisma, J.M.T.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To determine the advanced life support procedures provided by an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) and a Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) for vitally compromised children. Incidence and success rate of several procedures were studied, with a distinction made between procedures r

  15. Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy for Protection and Repair of Injured Vital Organs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Poll, D.; Parekkadan, B.; Rinkes, I. H. M. Borel; Tilles, A. W.; Yarmush, M. L.

    2008-01-01

    Recently there has been a paradigm shift in what is considered to be the therapeutic promise of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in diseases of vital organs. Originally, research focused on MSCs as a source of regenerative cells by differentiation of transplanted cells into lost cell types. It is now c

  16. Science and Technology Pre-Service Teachers' Tendencies to Explain Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdemir, Oguz

    2012-01-01

    The present study was carried out to determine the Science and Technology pre-service teachers' tendencies to explain vitality in a university located in Southeast Anatolia of Turkey in 2010-2011 academic year. The data were collected through the administration of a questionnaire developed by the researcher to 1st and 4th year Science and…

  17. Ethnolinguistic Vitality, Language Use and Social Integration Amongst Albanian Immigrants in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gogonas, Nikos; Michail, Domna

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on the relationship between Albanian speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance, language use and choice patterns. A subjective EV questionnaire, and a language usage questionnaire capturing domain-specific language use was completed by 200 Albanian immigrants of first and…

  18. The Relationship between Teacher's Autonomy Support and Students' Autonomy and Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, Juan L.; Fernández, Celia; León, Jaime; Grijalvo, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    What makes a student feel vital and energetic? Using the self-determination framework, we analyzed how the behavior and feelings of students depend on social factors such as the teachers' attitudes. The goal of the study was to test an integrated sequence over a semester in which teacher's autonomy support acts as a predictor of…

  19. Age Vitality : Perceptions of Young Canadian, Turkish, and Georgian Urban and Rural Adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giles, H.; Kutchukhides, M.; Yagmur, K.; Noels, K. A.

    2003-01-01

    This study extends previous research on age-group vitality around the Pacific Rim by examining the perceptions of urban and rural respondents from Turkey, Canada and the nation of Georgia towards young, middle-aged, and older adults. As in prior research, middle-aged targets were accorded the highes

  20. The Value of Adopting Multiple Approaches and Methodologies in the Investigation of Ethnolinguistic Vitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEntee-Atalianis, Lisa J.

    2011-01-01

    The concept of "Ethnolinguistic Vitality" (EV) has received variable acceptance and support since its introduction by Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor. It has especially proven to be a valuable heuristic in studies of language maintenance and shift. However, the reliability and validity of the instruments used to investigate EV, especially…

  1. 75 FR 60459 - National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics; Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... financing health care services, integrated computerized health information systems, health services research... HUMAN SERVICES National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics; Nominations AGENCY: Office of the... statutory public advisory body to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in the areas...

  2. Vitality of Enterococcus faecalis inside dentinal tubules after five root canal disinfection methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niranjan Ashok Vatkar

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: E. faecalis has the ability to colonize inside dentinal tubules to a depth of >1000 μm. In contrast to conventional irrigants, both Nd: YAG and diode lasers were effective in eliminating the vitality of E. faecalis. NS, NaOCl, and CHX showed viable bacteria remaining in dentinal tubules.

  3. Genome-wide association analysis identifies six new loci associated with forced vital capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.W. Loth (Daan); M.S. Artigas; S.A. Gharib (Sina); L.V. Wain (Louise); N. Franceschini (Nora); B. Koch (Beate); T.D. Pottinger (Tess); G.D. Smith; Q. Duan (Qing); C. Oldmeadow (Christopher); M.K. Lee (Mi Kyeong); D.P. Strachan (David); A.L. James (Alan); J.E. Huffman (Jennifer); V. Vitart (Veronique); A. Ramasamy (Adaikalavan); N.J. Wareham (Nick); J. Kaprio (Jaakko); X.-Q. Wang (Xin-Qun); H. Trochet (Holly); M. Kähönen (Mika); C. Flexeder (Claudia); E. Albrecht (Eva); L.M. Lopez (Lorna); B. Thyagarajan (Bharat); A.C. Alves (Alexessander Couto); S. Enroth (Stefan); E. Omenaas (Ernst); P.K. Joshi (Peter); M. Fall (Magnus); A. Viñuela (Ana); L.J. Launer (Lenore); L.R. Loehr (Laura); M. Fornage (Myriam); G. Li (Guo); J.B. Wilk (Jemma); W. Tang (Wenbo); A. Manichaikul (Ani); L. Lahousse (Lies); T.B. Harris (Tamara); K.E. North (Kari); A.R. Rudnicka (Alicja); J. Hui (Jennie); X. Gu (Xiangjun); T. Lumley (Thomas); A.F. Wright (Alan); N. Hastie (Nick); S. Campbell (Susan); R. Kumar (Rajesh); I. Pin (Isabelle); R.A. Scott (Robert); K.H. Pietilainen (Kirsi Hannele); I. Surakka (Ida); Y. Liu (Yongmei); E.G. Holliday (Elizabeth); H. Schulz (Holger); J. Heinrich (Joachim); G. Davies (Gail); J.M. Vonk (Judith); M.K. Wojczynski (Mary ); A. Pouta (Anneli); A. Johansson (Åsa); S.H. Wild (Sarah); E. Ingelsson (Erik); F. Rivadeneira Ramirez (Fernando); H. Völzke (Henry); P.G. Hysi (Pirro); G. Eiriksdottir (Gudny); A.C. Morrison (Alanna); J.I. Rotter (Jerome); W. Gao (Wei); D.S. Postma (Dirkje); W.B. White (Wendy); S.S. Rich (Stephen); A. Hofman (Albert); T. Aspelund (Thor); D. Couper (David); L.J. Smith (Lewis); B.M. Psaty (Bruce); K. Lohman (Kurt); E.G. Burchard (Esteban); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); M. Garcia (Melissa); B.R. Joubert (Bonnie); W.L. McArdle (Wendy); A.W. Musk (Arthur); C.R.W. Hansel (Christian); S.R. Heckbert (Susan); L. Zgaga (Lina); J.B.J. van Meurs (Joyce); P. Navarro (Pau); I. Rudan (Igor); Y.-M. Oh (Yeon-Mok); S. Redline (Susan); D.L. Jarvis (Deborah); J.H. Zhao (Jing); T. Rantanen (Taina); G.T. O'Connor (George); S. Ripatti (Samuli); R.J. Scott (Rodney); S. Karrasch (Stefan); H. Grallert (Harald); N.C. Gaddis (Nathan); J.M. Starr (John); C. Wijmenga (Cisca); R.L. Minster (Ryan); C.W. Lederer (Carsten); J. Pekkanen (Juha); U. Gyllensten (Ulf); H. Campbell (Harry); A.P. Morris (Andrew); S. Gläser (Sven); C.J. Hammond (Christopher); K.M. Burkart (Kristin); J.P. Beilby (John); S.B. Kritchevsky (Stephen); V. Gudnason (Vilmundur); D.B. Hancock (Dana); O.D. Williams (Dale); O. Polasek (Ozren); T. Zemunik (Tatijana); I. Kolcic (Ivana); M.F. Petrini (Marcy); K.T. de Jong (Kim); M. Wjst (Matthias); W.H. Kim (Woo); D.J. Porteous (David J.); G. Scotland (Generation); B.H. Smith (Blair); A. Viljanen (Anne); M. Heliovaara (Markku); J. Attia (John); I. Sayers (Ian); R. Hampel (Regina); C. Gieger (Christian); I.J. Deary (Ian); H.M. Boezen (Marike); A.B. Newman (Anne); M.-R. Jarvelin (Marjo-Riitta); J.F. Wilson (James); L. Lind (Lars); B.H.Ch. Stricker (Bruno); A. Teumer (Alexander); T.D. Spector (Timothy); E. Melén (Erik); M.J. Peters (Marjolein); L.A. Lange (Leslie); R.G. Barr (Graham); K.R. Bracke (Ken); F.M. Verhamme (Fien); J. Sung (Joohon); P.S. Hiemstra (Pieter); P.A. Cassano (Patricia); A. Sood (Akshay); C. Hayward (Caroline); J. Dupuis (Josée); I.P. Hall (Ian); G.G. Brusselle (Guy); M.D. Tobin (Martin); S.J. London (Stephanie)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractForced vital capacity (FVC), a spirometric measure of pulmonary function, reflects lung volume and is used to diagnose and monitor lung diseases. We performed genome-wide association study meta-analysis of FVC in 52,253 individuals from 26 studies and followed up the top associations in

  4. Strategies for sustainable regional development and conditions for vital coalitions in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horlings, L.G.

    2011-01-01

    The question that is addressed in this chapter is how processes can be stimulated in rural–urban areas which contribute to sustainable development? How can capacity to act be realized? Our hypothesis is: Specific informal networks in the form of vital coalitions between private and public actors can

  5. Immunmodulerende effekt af LongoVital hos patienter med recidiverende aftøs stomatit. 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, A; Klausen, B; Hougen, H P

    1991-01-01

    LongoVital (LV) (DK. reg. no. 5178/75) is a herbal-based tablet enriched with recommended doses of vitamins. Peripheral lymphocyte subsets: T-helper/CD4 (OKT4+) and T-suppressor/cytotoxic/CD8 (OKT8+) were studied quantitatively in 31 otherwise healthy patients with minor recurrent aphthous...

  6. Immunomodulation by LongoVital in patients with recurrent aphthous ulceration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, A; Klausen, B; Hougen, H P

    1990-01-01

    LongoVital (LV) (DK. Reg. No. 5178/75) is a herbal based tablet enriched with recommended doses of vitamins. Peripheral lymphocyte subsets: T-helper/CD4 (OKT4+) and T-suppressor/cytotoxic/CD8 (OKT8+) were studied quantitatively in 31 otherwise healthy patients with minor recurrent aphthous...

  7. Vitality and the course of limitations in activities in osteoarthritis of the hip or knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Dijk Gabriella M

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of the study was to determine whether psychological and social factors predict the course of limitations in activities in elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee, in addition to established somatic and cognitive risk factors. Methods A longitudinal cohort study with a follow-up period of three years was conducted. Patients (N = 237 with hip or knee osteoarthritis were recruited from rehabilitation centers and hospitals. Body functions, comorbidity, cognitive functioning, limitations in activities and psychological and social factors (mental health, vitality, pain coping and perceived social support were assessed. Statistical analyses included univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Psychological and social factors were added to a previously developed model with body functions, comorbidity and cognitive functioning. Results In knee OA, low vitality has a negative impact on the course of self-reported and performance-based limitations in activities, after controlling for somatic and cognitive factors. In hip OA, psychological and social factors had no additional contribution to the model. Conclusion Low vitality predicts deterioration of limitations in activities in elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, in addition to established somatic and cognitive risk factors. However, the contribution of vitality is relatively small. Results of this study are relevant for the group of patients with knee or hip OA, attending hospitals and rehabilitation centers.

  8. DYNAMICS OF VITAL VALUES OF ADOLESCENTS AND A PROBLEM OF CORRUPTION IN POST-SOVIET RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pyotr N. Kondrashov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article is to show immanent interrelation between structure of terminal and tool vital values of adolescents of the Post-Soviet period and predisposition to perpetrate of corruption actions. Methods. The methods involve philosophical analysis, supervision, questioning under the formalized questionnaire, conversation, and longitudinal research. The program of research includes the questions connected with different aspects, factors and motives of valuable orientations of adolescents.Results. Results of longitudinal research (1998–2014 of dynamics of vital values of adolescents are presented. It is established that the structure of adolescent’s axio-sphere has radically changed for the studied period. In 1998, the most important life values were money, material well-being; in contrast to 2014 when the values are good health and love. Thus, there is a reorientation of adolescents from mercantile values to spiritual values. On the other hand, the system of instrumental values changes. In 90-s, the main means of achieving life goals were money, violence and helping of other people; it is in contrast to 2014 when teenagers are guided more by their own strength.Scientific novelty. It is for the first time shown that feature of vital values of modern city teenagers is inability of long expectation of realization of the vital purposes. It is burdened also by the fact that many vital values (education, health, love, friendship turn into exchange values (costs in modern capitalist society. Therefore teenagers prefer to use money as means of instant achievement of the purposes. These factors form real predisposition of adolescents to perpetrate corruption actions.Practical significance. The presented investigation can be interesting to parents, tutors of preschool institutions, teachers of schools, experts in the field of psychology, sociologists, lawyers, and law enforcement officers.

  9. Claude Bernard and an introduction to the study of experimental medicine: "physical vitalism," dialectic, and epistemology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Normandin, Sebastian

    2007-10-01

    This article explores the profound impact of the thought of Claude Bernard (1813-78) and his philosophy of experimentalism elaborated in his masterwork An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. I argue that Bernard's far-ranging theoretical impact on medicine and biology marks the end of conventional vitalism and the elusive notion of a "vital force" as a legitimate scientific concept. His understanding of medicine is as epistemologically significant in its time as Newton's contribution was to the physical sciences in the seventeenth century. This essay treats Bernard's philosophical ambitions seriously, exploring his important, even central, role in the mental world of nineteenth-century France. This includes his influence on Henri Bergson (1859-1941) and other late-nineteenth century thinkers. The subtext of Bernard's experimental epistemology is also contrasted with a key idealist philosopher of the period, the German Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), and placed in the context of the larger European philosophical sphere. In contrast to much of mid-nineteenth-century philosophy, Bernard, in creating the framework for experimental medicine, argued for an experimental approach in which a priori assumptions were to be strictly constrained. Bernard's thoughts on the nature of experiment put an end to "systems" in medicine, ironically by replacing all previous medical philosophies with the all-embracing "system" of experiment. And yet, while "vital forces" fade after Bernard, a form of vitalism still flourishes. Even in Bernard's own work, in the struggle with concepts like determinism, complexity, and causality, there is a realization of the unique character of living function in a kind of "physical vitalism."

  10. Discussion on Vital Gate%“命门”辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈谊敬; 郑洪新

    2013-01-01

    历代医家对命门的基本概念、部位、分类、功能众说纷纭,有部位之辨、水火之辨、功能之辨等.综观古今研究资料,有四点可得共识:其一,命门之火是主宰人体生命活动的根本动力;其二,命门的部位与功能与肾密切相关;其三,命门水火,判为元阴元阳即肾阴肾阳;其四,命门之火的生物学基础主要体现在神经-内分泌-免疫网络系统,特别是与下丘脑-垂体-靶腺轴,对调节人体生长、发育、生殖、代谢等,具有重要整合作用.%Ancient physicians have different points in the basic concept of the fire of the vital gate,such as the debate of water and fire,the position,the function and so on.Through overview of past and present research materials,there are four points for a consensus.First,the fire of the vital gate dominates the fundamental forcing human life activities.Second,the position and function of the fire of the vital gate is closely related to renal function.Third,the water and fire of vital gate is kidney Yang and kidney Yin respectively.The kidney Yang is the fire of the vital gate.Forth,the biological basis of the fire gate is mainly reflected in neuro-endocrine-immune network system,especially the hypothalamus -pituitary-target gland axis in regulating human growth,development,reproduction,metabolism,and plays an important role in integration.

  11. Rapid monitoring of cell size, vitality and lipid droplet development in the oleaginous yeast Waltomyces lipofer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raschke, D; Knorr, D

    2009-11-01

    The aim of this work was the development of rapid methods suitable for monitoring the growth of the oleaginous yeast Waltomyces lipofer by means of cell size, vitality and the development of internal lipid droplets throughout different growth phases. Oleaginous yeasts are of interest for the industrial production of lipids and therefore precise monitoring of growth characteristics is needed. This paper provides information about both the method development as well as about examples for their use in monitoring applications. Cell size and shape were determined using FPIA (Flow Particle Image Analysis). Vitality and internal lipid droplets were measured using two independent staining methods for Flow Cytometry. Double staining with cFDA & PI was used for the distinction between "vital", "sublethal" and "dead" subpopulations, whereas Nile Red allowed the monitoring of lipid accumulation. In this approach the method for vitality measurement was optimized focussing on the staining buffer. An addition of 25 mM citric acid and pH 4.8 revealed to be optimal. The cells in the growth experiment showed a constantly high vitality, which was always above 90%, but slowly decreasing over time. In the course of lipid droplet development it could be seen that the cell size and the Nile Red fluorescence intensity increased. It was demonstrated that the tested method combination provides a powerful tool for rapid fermentation monitoring of the oleaginous yeast W. lipofer, which allows gaining information about the desired growth characteristics in less than 45 min. Further applications for the two methods will be discussed in this article.

  12. Influence of different body positions in vital capacity in patients on postoperative upper abdominal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Prata Martinez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available RATIONALE: The changes in body position can cause changes in lung function, and it is necessary to understand them, especially in the postoperative upper abdominal surgery, since these patients are susceptible to postoperative pulmonary complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the vital capacity in the supine position (head at 0° and 45°, sitting and standing positions in patients in the postoperative upper abdominal surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted between August 2008 and January 2009 in a hospital in Salvador/BA. The instrument used to measure vital capacity was analogic spirometer, the choice of the sequence of positions followed a random order obtained from the draw of the four positions. Secondary data were collected from the medical records of each patient. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 30 subjects with a mean age of 45.2 ± 11.2 years, BMI 20.2 ± 1.0 kg/m2. The position on orthostasis showed higher values of vital capacity regarding standing (mean change: 0.15 ± 0.03 L; p = 0.001, the supine to 45 (average difference: 0.32 ± 0.04 L; p = 0.001 and 0° (0.50 ± 0.05 L; p = 0.001. There was a positive trend between the values of forced vital capacity supine to upright posture (1.68 ± 0.47; 1.86 ± 0.48; 2.02 ± 0.48 and 2.18 ± 0.52 L; respectively. CONCLUSION: Body position affects the values of vital capacity in patients in the postoperative upper abdominal surgery, increasing in postures where the chest is vertical.

  13. THE EFFECT OF A 12-WEEK PHYSIOTHERAPY PROGRAM WITH RESPIRATORY EXERCISES ON THE VITAL CAPACITY AND FORCED VITAL CAPACITY IN ADULT MALES AND FEMALES WITH CEREBRAL PALSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kitsios A

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine if breathing exercises can improve specific respiratoryparameters in adult males and females with cerebral palsy. 18 adults (11males/7 females with spastic cerebralpalsy consisted the experimental group and 18 (11males/7 females serving as control group took part in thestudy. A spirometer was used to measure vital capacity (VC and the forced vital capacity (FVC before and afterthe exercising protocol. The breathing exercises selected, emphasized strengthening of the muscles of inspirationand the muscles of expiration. The study revealed that a breathing exercise program can increase the VC andFVC in people with cerebral palsy. The pre-test and post-test examined variables of both groups were withinnormal limits The VC of the experimental group was increased by 0.20 litres and this of FVC increased by 0,25litres after exercising for five to seven minutes each day for a period of twelve weeks. The mean increase of theVC and FVC was 6% and 7% respectively over the baseline values. The control group showed no change in VCneither in FVC. The results support application and development of the treatment concept with respiratoryexercises and highlight that physical activity at its simple status can improve function and quality of life in adultswith cerebral palsy when added to standard care.

  14. Impact of respiratory therapy in vital capacity and functionality of patients undergoing abdominal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Shanlley Cristina da Silva; Santos, Rafaella Souza Dos; Giovanetti, Erica Albanez; Taniguchi, Corinne; Silva, Cilene Saghabi de Medeiros; Eid, Raquel Afonso Caserta; Timenetsky, Karina Tavares; Carnieli-Cazati, Denise

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the vital capacity after two chest therapy techniques in patients undergoing abdominal surgical. A prospective randomized study carried out with patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit after abdominal surgery. We checked vital capacity, muscular strength using the Medical Research Council scale, and functionality with the Functional Independence Measure the first time the patient was breathing spontaneously (D1), and also upon discharge from the Intensive Care Unit (Ddis). Between D1 and Ddis, respiratory therapy was carried out according to the randomized group. We included 38 patients, 20 randomized to Positive Intermittent Pressure Group and 18 to Volumetric Incentive Spirometer Group. There was no significant gain related to vital capacity of D1 and Ddis of Positive Intermittent Pressure Group (mean 1,410mL±547.2 versus 1,809mL±692.3; p=0.979), as in the Volumetric Incentive Spirometer Group (1,408.3mL±419.1 versus 1,838.8mL±621.3; p=0.889). We observed a significant improvement in vital capacity in D1 (pfisioterapia respiratória em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia abdominal. Estudo prospectivo e randomizado realizado com pacientes admitidos em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva após cirurgia abdominal. Verificamos a capacidade vital, a força muscular por meio da escala do Medical Research Council e funcionalidade pela Medida de Independência Funcional no primeiro momento em que o paciente encontrava-se em respiração espontânea (D1) e na alta da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (Dalta). Entre D1 e Dalta, foi realizada a fisioterapia respiratória, conforme o grupo randomizado. Foram incluídos 38 pacientes, sendo 20 randomizados para Grupo Pressão Positiva Intermitente e 18 para o Grupo Incentivador Inspiratório a Volume. A capacidade vital entre o D1 e Dalta do Grupo Pressão Positiva Intermitente não teve ganho significativo (média de 1.410mL±547,2 versus 1.809mL±692,3; p=0,979), assim como no Grupo Incentivador Inspiratório a Volume

  15. Identificação e tratamento da dor no recém-nascido prematuro na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Marques dos Santos

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou analisar os parâmetros utilizados pela equipe de enfermagem de um hospital público da Bahia para a avaliação da dor no recém-nascido prematuro e descrever as intervenções utilizadas para aliviar a dor. Estudo descritivo e qualitativo, realizado por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com dez participantes, no período de dezembro de 2008 a janeiro de 2009, sendo analisados através da Análise de Conteúdo. Os resultados apontaram a utilização do choro e expressão facial como parâmetros indicativos de dor; e que estes profissionais utilizam de forma não sistematizada medidas não farmacológicas para amenizar este processo. Sugere-se a introdução da dor como o quinto sinal vital a ser avaliado e a utilização de escalas, com vistas à excelência e humanização do cuidado.

  16. ENSA, loading containers: operational experience as the basis for a vital future; Ensa, cargando contenedores: la experiencia operativa como base de un futuro vital

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, H.; Sotto, A.

    2015-07-01

    Used Fuel Management have turned itself a vital necessity for the nuclear power plants for a short and mid-term, especially for those in its halfway. Ensa, with a proved experience over 50 cask loading, is now ready to make the step forward and load its first new design Ensa Universal Cask (ENUN) in the incoming year. After the experience carried out with the reference cask DPT-21, is also time to jump into the continuous improvement and where all the lessons learned can be applied in benefit of a new generation of auxiliary tools. Through this post, we try to explain our experience keys and how the technology progress contributes towards the effectiveness with the personnel safety point of view as a reference. (Author)

  17. Atlas international de la vitalite linguistique. Volume 2: L'Europe Occidentale = International Atlas of Language Vitality. Volume 2: Western Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Grant D., Ed.; Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.

    The atlas offers a cartography of language functions, quantitatively measured in vitality rates, for Western Europe. The atlas has three parts: vitality by language; vitality by domain; and vitality by country. Eighty-three minority languages are covered. Domains considered include: global; religion; schools; mass media; administration; courts;…

  18. Remote, real-time monitoring and analysis of vital signs of neonatal graduate infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greer, Robert; Olivier, Chris; Pugh, J Edward; Eklund, J Mikael; McGregor, Carolyn

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a system for the remote monitoring of a newborn infant's physiological data outside the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. By providing a simple means for parents to enable monitoring, and physicians a simple mobile application to monitor live and historical physiological information, this system provides the insight once only possible in an Intensive Care Unit. The system utilizes a variety of connectivity means such as Wi-Fi and 3G to facilitate the communication between a multitude of industry standard vital sign monitor and a remote server. A system trial monitoring an infant to simulate neonatal graduate monitoring has determined the system was able to successfully transmit 99.99% of data generated from the vital sign monitor.

  19. FM-CW radar sensors for vital signs and motor activity monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian Adrian Postolache

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article summarizes on-going research on vital signs and motor activity monitoring based on radar sensors embedded in wheelchairs, walkers and crutches for in home rehabilitation. Embedded sensors, conditioning circuits, real-time platforms that perform data acquisition, auto-identification, primary data processing and data communication contribute to convert daily used objects in home rehabilitation into smart objects that can be accessed by caregivers during the training sessions through human–machine interfaces expressed by the new generation of smart phones or tablet computers running Android OS or iOS operating systems. The system enables the management of patients in home rehabilitation by providing more accurate and up-to-date information using pervasive computing of vital signs and motor activity records.

  20. Associations of subjective vitality with DNA damage, cardiovascular risk factors and physical performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maynard, Scott; Keijzers, Guido; Hansen, A-M;

    2015-01-01

    by comet assay) (P = 0.046) and BMI (P = 0.002), and positively associated with all of the physical performance parameters (all P physical performance parameters and cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, the load of short telomeres was inversely......AIM: To examine associations of DNA damage, cardiovascular risk factors and physical performance with vitality, in middle-aged men. We also sought to elucidate underlying factors of physical performance by comparing physical performance parameters to DNA damage parameters and cardiovascular risk...... associated with maximum jump force (P = 0.018), with lowered significance after exclusion of either arthritis sufferers (P = 0.035) or smokers (P = 0.031). CONCLUSION: Here, we show that self-reported vitality is associated with DNA breaks, BMI and objective (measured) physical performance in a cohort...

  1. De Quevedo a Darío. Resonancias líricas y actitud vital

    OpenAIRE

    Acereda, A. (Alberto)

    2001-01-01

    Este artículo compara las conexiones poéticas y las actitudes vitales de don Francisco de Quevedo y Rubén Darío. Una lectura atenta de la poesía de Quevedo, más particularmente de los poemas dedicados a «Lisi», presenta una preocupación erótica espiritual y física que se acerca a la poesía dariana. Las menciones de Darío sobre Quevedo en su obra abren un filón para un estudio comparativo de ambos poetas. This article compares the poetic connections and the vital attitudes of Francisco de Quev...

  2. "Community vital signs": incorporating geocoded social determinants into electronic records to promote patient and population health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazemore, Andrew W; Cottrell, Erika K; Gold, Rachel; Hughes, Lauren S; Phillips, Robert L; Angier, Heather; Burdick, Timothy E; Carrozza, Mark A; DeVoe, Jennifer E

    2016-03-01

    Social determinants of health significantly impact morbidity and mortality; however, physicians lack ready access to this information in patient care and population management. Just as traditional vital signs give providers a biometric assessment of any patient, "community vital signs" (Community VS) can provide an aggregated overview of the social and environmental factors impacting patient health. Knowing Community VS could inform clinical recommendations for individual patients, facilitate referrals to community services, and expand understanding of factors impacting treatment adherence and health outcomes. This information could also help care teams target disease prevention initiatives and other health improvement efforts for clinic panels and populations. Given the proliferation of big data, geospatial technologies, and democratization of data, the time has come to integrate Community VS into the electronic health record (EHR). Here, the authors describe (i) historical precedent for this concept, (ii) opportunities to expand upon these historical foundations, and (iii) a novel approach to EHR integration.

  3. Sustainable Foods and Medicines Support Vitality, Sex and Longevity for a 100-Year Starship Expedition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, M. R.

    Extended space flight requires foods and medicines that sustain crew health and vitality. The health and therapeutic needs for the entire crew and their children for a 100-year space flight must be sustainable. The starship cannot depend on resupply or carry a large cargo of pharmaceuticals. Everything in the starship must be completely recyclable and reconstructable, including food, feed, textiles, building materials, pharmaceuticals, vaccines, and medicines. Smart microfarms will produce functional foods with superior nutrition and sensory attributes. These foods provide high-quality protein and nutralence (nutrient density), that avoids obesity, diabetes, and other Western diseases. The combination of functional foods, lifestyle actions, and medicines will support crew immunity, energy, vitality, sustained strong health, and longevity. Smart microfarms enable the production of fresh medicines in hours or days, eliminating the need for a large dispensary, which eliminates concern over drug shelf life. Smart microfarms are adaptable to the extreme growing area, resource, and environmental constraints associated with an extended starship expedition.

  4. Vital pulp therapy using calcium-enriched mixture: An evidence-based review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Asgary

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide, casecontrol studies have revealed that the treatment outcomes of root canal therapy (RCT are generally favorable; however, the overall epidemiological success rate of RCT in the general population is relatively low. On the other hand, vitality of dental pulp is a key factor in the long-term prognosis of permanent teeth; in recent years, vital pulp therapy (VPT has received significant consideration as it has been revealed that the inflamed pulp has the potential to heal. In this review article, the current best evidence with regard to VPT using calcium-enriched mixture (CEM cement in human permanent/primary teeth is discussed. A strategy based on a search using keywords for CEM cement as well as VPT was applied.

  5. The mechanism of heat-induced damage of endothelial cells and its effect on vital organs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei SU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As an important organ of the human body, vascular endothelial cells (VECs play a vital role in heat stress-induced tissue damage. Its integrity not only serves as a barrier for maintaining vascular permeability but also has major impact on cellular structure and function during acute phase response to heat stress. In heat stroke, a series of acute and complicated pathophysiological changes, including microcirculation change, damage VECs and thereby induce or aggravate multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS. Meanwhile, studies have shown that, during heat stroke, VECs are the major responding cells and one of the most common cells that experience morphological and functional changes. Therefore, VECs damage might be an important mechanism involved in heat stroke. This article reviews the mechanism of heat-induced damage of VECs and its effect on vital organs. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2017.04.01

  6. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravi, GR

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Dilaceration of the permanent tooth usually is a consequence of traumatic injuries to the primary teeth. Although it may appear anywhere in the long axis of the tooth, i.e., crown, cementoenamel junction, or root, most often the root is involved. However, crown dilaceration is a rare condition representing 3% of the total injuries. Maxillary incisors are more susceptible to such injury and affected tooth may either erupt buccally or lingually or remain impacted. Hitherto, the treatment options also differ as per the clinical scenario. This article proposes a novel technique of restoring esthetic function of the affected permanent maxillary lateral incisor with crown-root dilaceration while preserving the vitality of tooth. How to cite this article: Achary RC, Ravi GR. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):152-155. PMID:27365939

  7. Managing discoloured non-vital teeth: the inside/outside bleaching technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poyser, Neil J; Kelleher, Martin G D; Briggs, Peter F A

    2004-05-01

    The discoloured, non-vital anterior tooth is a common aesthetic concern for many patients. It can have a profound effect on their self-esteem, interaction with others and employability. Discoloured non-vital teeth are frequently compromised owing to previous trauma, caries, endodontic therapy and failed restorations. Destructive invasive treatment options are likely to weaken the residual structure of the tooth. This can reduce the prognosis and challenge the long-term viability of the tooth, thereby initiating further prosthetic predicaments. This paper discusses modern approaches to the treatment of discoloured teeth. The importance of preventing and eliminating the potential for discoloration will be highlighted. The paper will include a detailed technical account on the application of the inside/outside bleaching technique, with several clinical examples.

  8. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achary, Ravindranath C; Ravi, G R

    2016-01-01

    Dilaceration of the permanent tooth usually is a consequence of traumatic injuries to the primary teeth. Although it may appear anywhere in the long axis of the tooth, i.e., crown, cementoenamel junction, or root, most often the root is involved. However, crown dilaceration is a rare condition representing 3% of the total injuries. Maxillary incisors are more susceptible to such injury and affected tooth may either erupt buccally or lingually or remain impacted. Hitherto, the treatment options also differ as per the clinical scenario. This article proposes a novel technique of restoring esthetic function of the affected permanent maxillary lateral incisor with crown-root dilaceration while preserving the vitality of tooth. How to cite this article: Achary RC, Ravi GR. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):152-155.

  9. Vital Pulp Therapy of a Symptomatic Immature Permanent Molar with Long-Term Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabbagh, Sedigheh; Sarraf Shirazi, Alireza; Eghbal, Mohammad Jafar

    2016-01-01

    Vital pulp therapy (VPT) is the preferred conservative treatment for preservation of symptomatic pulps in immature permanent teeth. The present case report summarizes VPT of an immature permanent molar with irreversible pulpitis associated with apical periodontitis in a 9-year-old boy. Cervical pulpotomy was performed and radicular pulp stumps were covered with calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement; the tooth was then restored with stainless steel crown. After a 50-month follow-up period, the pulpotomized molar was clinically functional and asymptomatic. Moreover, radiographic evaluation revealed evidence of complete root development as well as normal periodontal ligament around the roots. The successful outcome achieved through VPT using CEM biomaterial in the reported case suggests that this method may produce favorable outcome for vital immature permanent teeth with irreversible pulpitis and periapical disease. PMID:27790270

  10. Alchemy as studies of life and matter: reconsidering the place of vitalism in early modern chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ku-ming

    2011-06-01

    Early modern alchemy studied both matter and life, much like today's life sciences. What material life is and how it comes about intrigued alchemists. Many found the answer by assuming a vital principle that served as the source and cause of life. Recent literature has presented important cases in which vitalist formulations incorporated corpuscular or mechanical elements that were characteristic of the New Science and other cases in which vitalist thinking influenced important figures of the Scientific Revolution. Not merely speculative, vitalist ideas also motivated chymical practice. The unity of life science and material science that is found in many formulations of Renaissance alchemy disintegrated in Georg Ernst Stahl's version of post-Cartesian vitalism.

  11. Detection of Low-volume Blood Loss: Compensatory Reserve Versus Traditional Vital Signs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Detection of low-volume blood loss: Compensatory reserve versus traditional vital signs Camille L. Stewart, MD, Jane Mulligan , PhD, Greg Z. Grudic... Mulligan J., Grudic G. Z., Convertino V. A., Moulton S. L., 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S...Jane Mulligan (own ership), Greg Z. Grudic (ownership), and Steven L. Moulton (owner ship). This work is supported by the US Army Medical Research and

  12. Vital capacities in acute and chronic airway obstruction: dependence on flow and volume histories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brusasco, V; Pellegrino, R; Rodarte, J R

    1997-06-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether measurements of vital capacity (VC) are affected by the direction of the manoeuvre (inspiratory vs expiratory) and by the rate of expiratory flow. The study was performed on 25 individuals with chronic airway obstruction (CAO) and a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (expressed in standardized residuals (SR)) of -2.0+/-1.4 SD (CAO group), and 10 asthmatic subjects with methacholine (MCh)-induced bronchoconstriction (FEV1 -23+/-1.02 SR) (MCh group). VCs were measured during fast inspiration following both slow (FIVCse) and forced (FIVCfe) expiration from end-tidal inspiration to residual volume (RV), and during slow (EVC) or forced (FVC) expiration from total lung capacity (TLC). In the CAO group, FVC was the smallest volume (3.75+/-1.03 L) and significantly different from the other three estimates of VC; FIVCse (4.03+/-0.91 L) was the largest volume and significantly different from FVC and FIVCfe (3.83+/-0.98 L). In the MCh group, FVC (4.16+/-0.94 L) and EVC (4.19+/-0.89 L) were the largest volumes, although only the difference between FVC and FIVCfe (3.76+/-0.81 L) reached statistical significance. These data suggest that both flow and volume histories contribute to decreased vital capacities during bronchoconstriction. However, whereas increasing expiratory flow always tends to decrease vital capacity, the volume history of full inflation has different effects in chronic and acute bronchoconstriction, probably due to different effects on airway calibre. These results stress the importance of using standardized manoeuvres in order to obtain comparable values of vital capacity.

  13. Importance of slow vital capacity in the detection of airway obstruction*

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Raquel Goncalves de Barros; Margarida Batista Pires; Nuno Miguel Ferreira Raposo

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of airway obstruction by determining the FEV1/FVC and FEV1/slow vital capacity (SVC) ratios. METHODS: This was a quantitative, retrospective cross-sectional study. The sample comprised 1,084 individuals who underwent spirometry and plethysmography in a central hospital in Lisbon, Portugal. The study sample was stratified into six groups, by pulmonary function. RESULTS: The analysis of the FEV1/FVC ratio revealed the presence of airway obstructio...

  14. El bien vivir: ¿cuidado de la salud o proyecto vital? Segunda parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Viniegra Velázquez

    2016-07-01

    Se arguye acerca de la superioridad de proyectos vitales altruistas en la consecución del bien vivir comunitario, sobre los afanes centrados en la preservación y el cuidado de la salud que favorecen el individualismo, la pasividad y el statu quo. La búsqueda del “bien morir” es el mejor ejemplo de la influencia benéfica de este tipo de proyectos en el cuidado de la salud.

  15. THE ACTUALIZATION OF SEARCH OF SENSE-VITAL VALUES AS A PHILOSOPHICAL-EDUCATIONAL PROBLEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. G. Rogova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is determination and revelation of philosophical and educational axiostrategies of actualization of searching the special place of sense-vital values in the process of axio-sphere forming by growing the personality as a representative of the modern technocratic society which takes place in the process of his education. Methodology. In the study of the philosophic and educational constructs of actualization of the searching the sense-vital values the methods of the systematically, socio-cultural and comparative analysis were used, that allowed to define the axiostrategies of subsequent development of meaning and formative education. Scientific novelty of work consists in the philosophical constructs of development by the meaning-formative education in the conditions of the world values-view pluralism which are considered in the determining context of definition of «axiostrategу» notion and also the deep connections and synthesizing values of «the generalizing high level». They are general for most wide-spread (atheistic and religious varieties of the existential education in the sense-vital aspect. Conclusions. The axiostrategies of searching of the life sense are formulated and exposed as an independent global personality construction which has powerful motivational nature and not only shows the certain level of philosophical culture, but also the internal change of personality brings it on the new degree of life, which is identical in its sense and ultimate aim with the adoption of own human existence. That is instrument in self-actualization, self-realization of personality in accordance with the individual possibilities, interests, aspirations, and also providing the firmness of personality in Postmodern terms and that is the urgent task of modern education, because the actualization of sense-vital problems is one of the main mission of comprehensive school.

  16. Minimum Vital of Drinking Water in the Jurisprudence of the Colombian Constitutional Court

    OpenAIRE

    Restrepo Gutiérrez, Elizabeth; Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Medellín; Zárate Yepes, Carlos Alberto; Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Medellín

    2016-01-01

    The minimum vital of drinking water for vulnerable people isprotected by the Colombian Constitutional Jurisprudence,locally and nationally. The Constitutional Court has created asolid jurisprudential line on the right to water in relation to thesuspension of water supply service for the customer’s failure topay for the service; this Court has also defined the conditionsnecessary for the companies to refrain from suspending serviceand the minimum amount necessary for survival. Compliance witht...

  17. CDC Vital Signs–Native Americans With Diabetes

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-01-10

    This podcast is based on the January 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure and Native Americans have a greater chance of having diabetes than any other racial group in the U.S. Learn how to manage your diabetes to delay or prevent kidney failure.  Created: 1/10/2017 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/10/2017.

  18. Vital Signs – HIV Among Youth in the US: Protecting a Generation

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-11-27

    This podcast is based on the December 2012 CDC Vital Signs report, which presents information about the impact of HIV on youth, the factors that place youth at risk for HIV, and calls for prevention through parents, schools, and community-based HIV prevention programs for youth.  Created: 11/27/2012 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 11/27/2012.

  19. Vital Signs-HIV Care Saves Lives: Viral Suppression is Key

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-11-25

    This podcast is based on the December 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. For people living with HIV, Viral suppression is critical. By getting tested and taking HIV medicines, individuals living with HIV can achieve very low levels of HIV in the body.  Created: 11/25/2014 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 11/25/2014.

  20. CDC Vital Signs–HIV and Injection Drug Use

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-11-29

    This podcast is based on the December 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Sharing needles, syringes, and other injection equipment puts you at risk for getting HIV and other infections, including hepatitis. Learn how to reduce your HIV risk.  Created: 11/29/2016 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexual Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 11/29/2016.

  1. CDC Vital Signs–Too Loud for Too Long!

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-02-07

    This podcast is based on the February 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Being around too much loud noise—like a leaf blower or rock concert—can cause permanent hearing loss. Learn how to prevent hearing loss.  Created: 2/7/2017 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 2/7/2017.

  2. CDC Vital Signs–Dental Sealants Prevent Cavities

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-10-18

    This podcast is based on the October 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Dental sealants, applied soon after a child's permanent molars come in, can protect against cavities for up to nine years. Applying sealants in schools for low-income children could save millions in dental treatment costs.  Created: 10/18/2016 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 10/18/2016.

  3. CDC Vital Signs-Zika and Pregnancy: What You Should Know

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-04-01

    This podcast is based on the April 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. A pregnant woman who is infected with Zika virus can pass it to her fetus which is linked to microcephaly, a serious birth defect. This podcast discusses how to protect yourself from Zika virus.  Created: 4/1/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 4/1/2016.

  4. CDC Vital Signs–Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-07-06

    This podcast is based on the July 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. In the U.S., about 90 people die in motor vehicle crashes each day and thousands more are injured, resulting in hundreds of millions of dollars in direct medical costs each year. Learn what you can do to stay safe.  Created: 7/6/2016 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 7/6/2016.

  5. CDC Vital Signs-ADHD in Young Children: What You Should Know

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-05-03

    This podcast is based on the May 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. For children ages two to five who have ADHD, behavior therapy is recommended before prescribing medicine. This therapy teaches parents ways to improve their child’s behavior and can work as well as medicine, without the risk of side effects.  Created: 5/3/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 5/3/2016.

  6. CDC Signos Vitales: Piense en la septicemia. El tiempo es crucial. (Think Sepsis. Time Matters.)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-08-23

    Este podcast se basa en la edición de agosto del 2016 del informe Signos Vitales de los CDC. La septicemia es una emergencia médica y puede ocurrir rápidamente. Conozca los signos de la septicemia y la forma de prevenirla.  Created: 8/23/2016 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 8/23/2016.

  7. Vital Signs-Reducing Sodium in Children’s Diets

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-09-09

    This podcast is based on the September 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Many children in the U.S. eat more sodium than recommended and one in six has elevated blood pressure. Learn what you can do to lower sodium intake.  Created: 9/9/2014 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 9/9/2014.

  8. Toluidine Blue Vital Staining sebagai Alat Bantu Diagnostik pada Karsinoma Sel Skuamosa Lidah

    OpenAIRE

    Dwi Suhartiningtyas; Bernadeta Esti Chrismawaty; Dewi Agustina; Goeno Subagyo

    2012-01-01

    Latar belakang. Karsinoma sel skuamus oral (KSSO) merupakan salah satu kanker mulut yang paling sering terjadi. Deteksi dini kanker mulut menyulitkan oleh karena etiologi yang tidak pasti dan gambaran klinis yang tidak khas. Toluidine blue vital staining (TBVS) dilaporkan dapat membantu penegakan diagnosis KSSO. Tujuan. Penulisan ini bertujuan melaporkan kasus KSSO di lidah yang terdiagnosis melalui TBVS. Kasus dan penanganannya. Laki-laki 77 tahun dengan gigi tiruan lengkap mengeluhkan sakit...

  9. Vital Signs – Binge Drinking Among Women and Girls

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-01-08

    This podcast is based on the January 2013 CDC Vital Signs report, which presents information about binge drinking among women and girls. Binge drinking is defined for women as four or more drinks in a short period of time. It puts women and girls at greater risk for breast cancer, sexual assault, heart disease, and unintended pregnancy.  Created: 1/8/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 1/8/2013.

  10. CDC Vital Signs–Legionnaires’ Disease

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-06-06

    This podcast is based on the June 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Legionnaires’ disease is a serious, often deadly lung infection. People most commonly get it by breathing in water droplets containing Legionella germs. Learn how to prevent infections from Legionella.  Created: 6/6/2017 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 6/6/2017.

  11. Effectiveness of the Vital Aging program to promote active aging in Mexican older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza-Ruvalcaba, Neyda Ma; Fernández-Ballesteros, Rocío

    2016-01-01

    Aging is not only a population phenomenon but also an experience and an individual reality. Vital Aging(®) is a program that considers active aging as the lifelong adaptation process of maximizing health and independence, physical and cognitive functioning, positive affect regulation and control, and social engagement. Through its different versions and editions, it has demonstrated being an effective program to promote active aging. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the "face-to-face" and "combined" versions of the program to promote active aging in Mexican older adults trial. Seventy-six older adults aged 60 years and over participated in a quasi-experimental study and were recruited in a senior center to participate in the two experimental conditions: Vital Aging face-to-face (VA-FF) (n=35) and Vital Aging combined (VA-C; multimedia/face-to-face) (n=15), and the remaining 26 adults were assigned to a control group. Pretest and posttest assessments were performed after the theoretical-practical intervention. Mean differences and size effects were calculated for estimating the effect of the program. At the end of the study, participants showed improvements in the active aging outcome measures. Positive effects were observed in the frequency of intellectual, cultural - artistic, and social activities, perceptions of aging, satisfaction with social relationships, and self-efficacy for aging. Additionally, those who participated in VA-FF showed better memory performance, meta-memory, and a trend to report less memory problems, while older persons in VA-C showed a trend to have better life satisfaction. No effects were observed in physical activity, frequency of social relationships, and subjective health. Findings show that the Vital Aging program in face-to-face and combined versions encourages active aging in Mexican older persons. These results are in general similar to those found in editions performed in Spain, revealing its consistency

  12. Analytical parameters and vital signs in patients subjected to dental extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jané-Pallí, Enric; Arranz-Obispo, Carlos; González-Navarro, Beatriz; Murat, Jesús; Ayuso-Montero, Raúl; Rojas, Santiago; Santamaría, Amparo; Jané-Salas, Enric

    2017-01-01

    Background Dental consultation may provoke stress to the patient, especially when a dental surgery is going to be performed, stressful situations can cause a reaction in the sympathetic nervous system that could lead to cardiovascular alterations. Blood pressure and cardiac frequency are used often as an indirect measurement and this parameters combined can serve as good indicators of stress. Objective: Analyze the changes in vital signs and analytical parameters induced by a dental extraction. Material and Methods 24 healthy patients who required a simple dental extraction underwent to a blood test and motorization of their pre- and post-extraction vital signs before, at 2 and 48 hours after the procedure. Data analysis was performed by means of repeated measures one way ANOVA followed by multiple comparisons Bonferroni’s Post-hoc test. Results The evaluated patients were 13 women and 11 men with an average age of 35.1. Thirteen patients (54.17% of the sample) were smokers and five were regular drinkers (20.8%). No significant differences were observed in the vital signs with the exception of diastolic blood pressure and cardiac rate that were slightly lower after extraction. Only two analytical parameters showed statistical significant changes. Total bilirubin was significantly higher at 48 hours after extraction and leukocyte count was significantly lower at this time. In any case, the magnitude of the changes observed was very low. The analytical parameters and the vital signs did not show any relevant change. Conclusions Eventual alterations found after simple tooth extraction should not be attributed to the procedure. Key words:Blood pressure, heart rate, monitoring physiologic, oxygen saturation, tooth extraction. PMID:28210440

  13. In Vitro and In Vivo Studies for a Bio-Impedance Vital-Sign Monitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-01

    Bio -impedance can be used for peripheral pulse detection as a non-invasive method for continuous vital sign monitoring. The objective of this study...was to evaluate the commercially available electrode materials that might be useful as wearable electrodes for the measurement of bio -impedance puse...Reproducibility and sensitivity of the bio -impedance measurement were comparable to the sensitivities of the pulse oximeter, laser Doppler, and

  14. Contributions of vital rates to growth of a protected population of American black bears

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, M.S.; Pacifici, L.B.; Grand, J.B.; Powell, R.A.

    2009-01-01

    Analyses of large, long-lived animals suggest that adult survival generally has the potential to contribute more than reproduction to population growth rate (??), but because survival varies little, high variability in reproduction can have a greater influence. This pattern has been documented for several species of large mammals, but few studies have evaluated such contributions of vital rates to ?? for American black bears (Ursus americanus). We used variance-based perturbation analyses (life table response experiments, LTRE) and analytical sensitivity and elasticity analyses to examine the actual and potential contributions of variation of vital rates to variation in growth rate (??) of a population of black bears inhabiting the Pisgah Bear Sanctuary in the southern Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina, using a 22-year dataset. We found that recruitment varied more than other vital rates; LTRE analyses conducted over several time intervals thus indicated that recruitment generally contributed at least as much as juvenile and adult survival to observed variation in ??, even though the latter 2 vital rates had the greater potential to affect ??. Our findings are consistent with predictions from studies on polar bears (U. maritimus) and grizzly bears (U. arctos), but contrast with the few existing studies on black bears in ways that suggest levels of protection from human-caused mortality might explain whether adult survival or recruitment contribute most to variation in ?? for this species. We hypothesize that ?? is most strongly influenced by recruitment in protected populations where adult survival is relatively high and constant, whereas adult survival will most influence ?? for unprotected populations. ?? 2009 International Association for Bear Research and Management.

  15. The Role of Tree Mortality in Vitality Assessment of Sessile Oak Forests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imre Berki

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: The drought-induced vitality loss of sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt. Liebl. has been continuously observed in Hungary for more than three decades. The decrease in stand density as a consequence of drought-induced mortality has not been taken into consideration in most of the monitoring methods. Materials and Methods: Forest stands without any forest intervention during the last 30 years were selected. Quadrats were designated for the analysis in 18 sessile oak stands along a climatic transect in which foliage transparency and stand density were measured. Drought stress was defined by the water balance approach. By combining the foliage transparency and the relative stand density, a new cumulative assessment method of stand level vitality was introduced to get a more realistic picture about the effects of long-term drought (lasting for several decades on the sessile oak forests in South-East Europe. Results: The calculated health status (100% - vital; 0% - dead of the sessile oak stands was between 70-90% in the moist South-West Hungary and below 50% close to its xeric limit. The individual tree-based vitality assessment method gave considerably higher values on 17 out of 18 sites. Conclusions: Forest monitoring should also consider stand level-based tree mortality in oak forests while assessing health condition especially close to its xeric limit. The proposed new method provides a more realistic picture about the effects of climate change on sessile oak stands particularly for forest managers interested in changing in the wood stock of forests.

  16. Vital Signs – Adult Smoking Among People with Mental Illness

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-02-05

    This podcast is based on the February 2013 CDC Vital Signs report, which shows that cigarette smoking is a serious problem among adults with mental illness. More needs to be done to help adults with mental illness quit smoking and make mental health facilities tobacco-free.  Created: 2/5/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 2/5/2013.

  17. Effects of static magnetic fields on cognition, vital signs, and sensory perception: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrich, Angela; Szostek, Anne; Nees, Frauke; Meyer, Patric; Semmler, Wolfhard; Flor, Herta

    2011-10-01

    To evaluate whether cognitive processes, sensory perception, and vital signs might be influenced by static magnetic fields in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which could pose a risk for health personnel and patients, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies that examined effects of static magnetic fields. Studies covering the time from 1992 to 2007 were selected. Cohen's d effects sizes were used and combined in different categories of neuropsychology (reaction time, visual processing, eye-hand coordination, and working memory). Additionally, effects of static magnetic fields on sensory perception and vital signs were analyzed. In the category "neuropsychology," only effects on the visual system were homogeneous, showing a statistically significant impairment as a result of exposure to static magnetic fields (d = -0.415). Vital signs were not affected and effects on sensory perceptions included an increase of dizziness and vertigo, primarily caused by movement during static magnetic field gradient exposures. The number of studies dealing with this topic is very small and the experimental set-up of some of the analyzed studies makes it difficult to accurately determine the effects of static magnetic fields by themselves, excluding nonspecific factors. The implications of these results for MRI lead to suggestions for improvement in research designs.

  18. Climate-driven vital rates do not always mean climate-driven population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavecchia, Giacomo; Tenan, Simone; Pradel, Roger; Igual, José-Manuel; Genovart, Meritxell; Oro, Daniel

    2016-12-01

    Current climatic changes have increased the need to forecast population responses to climate variability. A common approach to address this question is through models that project current population state using the functional relationship between demographic rates and climatic variables. We argue that this approach can lead to erroneous conclusions when interpopulation dispersal is not considered. We found that immigration can release the population from climate-driven trajectories even when local vital rates are climate dependent. We illustrated this using individual-based data on a trans-equatorial migratory seabird, the Scopoli's shearwater Calonectris diomedea, in which the variation of vital rates has been associated with large-scale climatic indices. We compared the population annual growth rate λi , estimated using local climate-driven parameters with ρi , a population growth rate directly estimated from individual information and that accounts for immigration. While λi varied as a function of climatic variables, reflecting the climate-dependent parameters, ρi did not, indicating that dispersal decouples the relationship between population growth and climate variables from that between climatic variables and vital rates. Our results suggest caution when assessing demographic effects of climatic variability especially in open populations for very mobile organisms such as fish, marine mammals, bats, or birds. When a population model cannot be validated or it is not detailed enough, ignoring immigration might lead to misleading climate-driven projections. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Explanatory models for homeopathy: from the vital force to the current paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waisse, Silvia; Bonamin, Leoni Villano

    2016-08-01

    Facing claims for and against the scientific status of homeopathy, one is entitled to ask: is there a scientific model for homeopathy? In this study we reconstructed the model put forward by Hahnemann. The results showed that it was essentially based on the assumption of a 'vital force' exclusive to living beings. While the vital force was a basic element of 18th-century science, the existence of such a sui generis force of nature was refuted with the formulation of the law of the conservation of energy by mid-19th century. As a function of that fact for homeopathic theory, we discuss the history of the rise and demise of the theory of the vital force from the last quarter of the 18th century to 1830. Finally, we call the attention to the paradigm shift biology underwent starting at the end of the 19th century as the framework for contemporary views on the functioning of living beings and consequently, of the effects of pharmacological agents on them.

  20. Reduced vital capacity leads to exercise intolerance in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdem Yr, O; Inanici, F; Hasçelik, Z

    2011-09-01

    It is well-known that pulmonary function is altered in patients with ankylosing spondilitis (AS) owing mainly to the restriction of chest expansion. In addition to musculoskeletal factors, development of pulmonary function abnormalities may also deteriorate exercise tolerance of the patients. The aim of this study was to examine the pulmonary function and exercise tolerance of AS patients. A case controlled study. Outpatient clinic of an university hospital. Twenty-two men with the diagnosis of definite AS and 20 healthy controls matched according to age, sex, smoking habits and physical activity level were enrolled in this study. After a detailed physical examination, pulmonary function and exercise tolerance were assessed by "Sensormedics-Vmax 229" ergospirometry system. Maximal exercise testing was performed on a cycle ergometer using "10 watt ramp" protocol. Patients with AS had lower chest expansion, vital capacity and exercise tolerance than healthy subjects. Exercise tolerance strongly correlated with the patients' age, disease duration, chest expansion, modified Schober test, and vital capacity. In stepwise regression analysis, the best regression model for explaining the total variation of exercise tolerance selected only vital capacity as an independent variable (R²=54.9%). Rather than musculoskeletal manifestations, exercise intolerance was mainly explained by pulmonary function impairment in AS patients. These results suggest that efforts should be directed not only towards improving spinal mobility but also towards increasing cardiopulmonary fitness in AS patients.