Queuing Theory and Reference Transactions.
Terbille, Charles
1995-01-01
Examines the implications of applying the queuing theory to three different reference situations: (1) random patron arrivals; (2) random durations of transactions; and (3) use of two librarians. Tables and figures represent results from spreadsheet calculations of queues for each reference situation. (JMV)
Mathematical methods in the theory of queuing
Khinchin, A Y; Quenouille, M H
2013-01-01
Written by a prominent Russian mathematician, this concise monograph examines aspects of queuing theory as an application of probability. The three-part treatment begins with a study of the stream of incoming demands (or ""calls,"" in the author's terminology). Subsequent sections explore systems with losses and systems allowing delay. Prerequisites include a familiarity with the theory of probability and mathematical analysis. A. Y. Khinchin made significant contributions to probability theory, statistical physics, and several other fields. His elegant, groundbreaking work will prove of subs
Precautions queuing theory in Agroecology
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Ю.В. Шмиголь
2007-03-01
Full Text Available In article features of the theory of mass service application in planning of agricultural machines use are submitted with the purpose of reduction of technical loading by the agricultural grounds.
Queuing theory and telecommunications networks and applications
Giambene, Giovanni
2014-01-01
This book provides a basic description of current networking technologies and protocols as well as important tools for network performance analysis based on queuing theory. The second edition adds selected contents in the first part of the book for what concerns: (i) the token bucket regulator and traffic shaping issues; (ii) the TCP protocol congestion control that has a significant part in current networking; (iii) basic satellite networking issues; (iv) adding details on QoS support in IP networks. The book is organized so that networking technologies and protocols (Part I) are first and are then followed by theory and exercises with applications to the different technologies and protocols (Part II). This book is intended as a textbook for master level courses in networking and telecommunications sectors.
Application of queuing theory in banking services
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Vitor Costa de Lima
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Bearing in mind the intense competition in the current economy and the increasing necessity of having more customers and keeping them loyal, this paper aims to apply the well known Queuing Theory in a bank agency to identify improvement opportunities in customer waiting time, from the assumption that the analyzed lines follow the Poisson’s distribution. This assumption results from the comparison between such distribution to the customers' arrival data in all analyzed lines. It was also found that there are queues with seasonality in demand, while others showed a regular demand. From the study performed, improvements in the management of this bank agency may be made, for example, the reallocation of staff in certain periods for functions with higher demand. It was concluded, therefore, that the application of the theory is feasible and can help to increase the competitive advantages of the agency.
Queuing theory models for computer networks
Galant, David C.
1989-01-01
A set of simple queuing theory models which can model the average response of a network of computers to a given traffic load has been implemented using a spreadsheet. The impact of variations in traffic patterns and intensities, channel capacities, and message protocols can be assessed using them because of the lack of fine detail in the network traffic rates, traffic patterns, and the hardware used to implement the networks. A sample use of the models applied to a realistic problem is included in appendix A. Appendix B provides a glossary of terms used in this paper. This Ames Research Center computer communication network is an evolving network of local area networks (LANs) connected via gateways and high-speed backbone communication channels. Intelligent planning of expansion and improvement requires understanding the behavior of the individual LANs as well as the collection of networks as a whole.
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Slaviša M. Ilić
2011-10-01
Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effectiveness of possible models for queuing at gas stations, using a mathematical model of the large-scale queuing theory. Based on actual data collected and the statistical analysis of the expected intensity of vehicle arrivals and queuing at gas stations, the mathematical modeling of the real process of queuing was carried out and certain parameters quantified, in terms of perception of the weaknesses of the existing models and the possible benefits of an automated queuing model.
Queuing Rule of Thumb based on M/M/s Queuing Theory with Applications in Construction Management
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Teknomo K.
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The current trend of queuing theory development is toward more precision which requires higher mathematical manipulation. In this paper, we attempted to reverve the current trend toward simplification of queuing formulas such that it can be used in more practical purposes, especially in construction industry. Through numerical examples of two case studies on concreting and earth moving, how to model the construction activities as queuing systems is illustrated systematically. Through the numerical examples, it is shown that when the customer cost is much lower than the server cost, queuing system can be simplified only to incorporate the constraint equation. The queueing constraint equation is suggested to be used as queuing rule of thumb. The proposed rule of thumb is rather conservative in term of queuing performance compared to the standard stochastic queuing formula because it is assumed that all the customers arrive at once in the beginning of the service.
Queuing Theory: An Alternative Approach to Educational Research.
Huyvaert, Sarah H.
Queuing theory is examined in this paper in order to determine if the theory could be applied in educational settings. It is defined as a form of operations research that uses mathematical formulas and/or computer simulation to study wait and congestion in a system and, through the study of these visible phenomena, to discover malfunctions within…
Application of queuing theory in production-inventory optimization
Rashid, Reza; Hoseini, Seyed Farzad; Gholamian, M. R.; Feizabadi, Mohammad
2015-07-01
This paper presents a mathematical model for an inventory control system in which customers' demands and suppliers' service time are considered as stochastic parameters. The proposed problem is solved through queuing theory for a single item. In this case, transitional probabilities are calculated in steady state. Afterward, the model is extended to the case of multi-item inventory systems. Then, to deal with the complexity of this problem, a new heuristic algorithm is developed. Finally, the presented bi-level inventory-queuing model is implemented as a case study in Electroestil Company.
An application of queuing theory to waterfowl migration
Sojda, Richard S.; Cornely, John E.; Fredrickson, Leigh H.; Rizzoli, A.E.; Jakeman, A.J.
2002-01-01
There has always been great interest in the migration of waterfowl and other birds. We have applied queuing theory to modelling waterfowl migration, beginning with a prototype system for the Rocky Mountain Population of trumpeter swans (Cygnus buccinator) in Western North America. The queuing model can be classified as a D/BB/28 system, and we describe the input sources, service mechanism, and network configuration of queues and servers. The intrinsic nature of queuing theory is to represent the spatial and temporal characteristics of entities and how they move, are placed in queues, and are serviced. The service mechanism in our system is an algorithm representing how swans move through the flyway based on seasonal life cycle events. The system uses an observed number of swans at each of 27 areas for a breeding season as input and simulates their distribution through four seasonal steps. The result is a simulated distribution of birds for the subsequent year's breeding season. The model was built as a multiagent system with one agent handling movement algorithms, with one facilitating user interface, and with one to seven agents representing specific geographic areas for which swan management interventions can be implemented. The many parallels in queuing model servers and service mechanisms with waterfowl management areas and annual life cycle events made the transfer of the theory to practical application straightforward.
A New CAC Method Using Queuing Theory
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P. Kvackaj
2008-12-01
Full Text Available The CAC (Connection Admission Control method plays an important role in the ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode network environment. The CAC is the first step in the prevention of congested states in the network topology, and conducts to the optimal network resources utilization. The paper is aimed to propose an enhancement for a convolution method that is one of the statistical CAC methods used in ATM. The convolution method uses a buffer-less assumption in the estimation of the cell loss. Using formulas for the G/M/1 queuing system, the cell loss can be estimated as the buffer overflow probability. In this paper, the proposed CAC method is compared with other three statistical CAC methods, and conclusions regarding the exploitation of the CAC method are presented.
Queuing theory accurately models the need for critical care resources.
McManus, Michael L; Long, Michael C; Cooper, Abbot; Litvak, Eugene
2004-05-01
Allocation of scarce resources presents an increasing challenge to hospital administrators and health policy makers. Intensive care units can present bottlenecks within busy hospitals, but their expansion is costly and difficult to gauge. Although mathematical tools have been suggested for determining the proper number of intensive care beds necessary to serve a given demand, the performance of such models has not been prospectively evaluated over significant periods. The authors prospectively collected 2 years' admission, discharge, and turn-away data in a busy, urban intensive care unit. Using queuing theory, they then constructed a mathematical model of patient flow, compared predictions from the model to observed performance of the unit, and explored the sensitivity of the model to changes in unit size. The queuing model proved to be very accurate, with predicted admission turn-away rates correlating highly with those actually observed (correlation coefficient = 0.89). The model was useful in predicting both monthly responsiveness to changing demand (mean monthly difference between observed and predicted values, 0.4+/-2.3%; range, 0-13%) and the overall 2-yr turn-away rate for the unit (21%vs. 22%). Both in practice and in simulation, turn-away rates increased exponentially when utilization exceeded 80-85%. Sensitivity analysis using the model revealed rapid and severe degradation of system performance with even the small changes in bed availability that might result from sudden staffing shortages or admission of patients with very long stays. The stochastic nature of patient flow may falsely lead health planners to underestimate resource needs in busy intensive care units. Although the nature of arrivals for intensive care deserves further study, when demand is random, queuing theory provides an accurate means of determining the appropriate supply of beds.
APPLICATION OF QUEUING THEORY TO INFORMATION SYSTEMS DESIGN.
information systems . A scheme of classifying queuing models and queuing literature was developed, and was used to classify most of the known priority...Finally, procedures for the application of the queuing model to structuring of information systems were outlined. (Author)
Application of queuing theory in inventory systems with substitution flexibility
Seyedhoseini, S. M.; Rashid, Reza; Kamalpour, Iman; Zangeneh, Erfan
2015-01-01
Considering the competition in today's business environment, tactical planning of a supply chain becomes more complex than before. In many multi-product inventory systems, substitution flexibility can improve profits. This paper aims to prepare a comprehensive substitution inventory model, where an inventory system with two substitute products with ignorable lead time has been considered, and effects of simultaneous ordering have been examined. In this paper, demands of customers for both of the products have been regarded as stochastic parameters, and queuing theory has been used to construct a mathematical model. The model has been coded by C++, and it has been analyzed due to a real example, where the results indicate efficiency of proposed model.
Study on combat effectiveness of air defense missile weapon system based on queuing theory
Zhao, Z. Q.; Hao, J. X.; Li, L. J.
2017-01-01
Queuing Theory is a method to analyze the combat effectiveness of air defense missile weapon system. The model of service probability based on the queuing theory was constructed, and applied to analyzing the combat effectiveness of "Sidewinder" and "Tor-M1" air defense missile weapon system. Finally aimed at different targets densities, the combat effectiveness of different combat units of two types' defense missile weapon system is calculated. This method can be used to analyze the usefulness of air defense missile weapon system.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIN Xuexiang; SU Yuelong; ZHANG Yi; WEI Zheng; LI Li
2009-01-01
The modeling of headway/spacing between two consecutive vehicles in a queue has many appli-cations in traffic flow theory and transport practice. Most known approaches have only studied vehicles on freeways. This paper presents a model for the spacing distribution of queuing vehicles at a signalized junc-tion based on random-matrix theory. The spacing distribution of a Gaussian symplectic ensemble (GSE) fits well with recently measured spacing distribution data. These results are also compared with measured spacing distribution observed for the car parking problem. Vehicle stationary queuing and vehicle parking have different spacing distributions due to different driving patterns.
Redesign of a university hospital preanesthesia evaluation clinic using a queuing theory approach.
Zonderland, Maartje E; Boer, Fredrik; Boucherie, Richard J; de Roode, Annemiek; van Kleef, Jack W
2009-11-01
Changes in patient length of stay (the duration of 1 clinic visit) as a result of the introduction of an electronic patient file system forced an anesthesia department to change its outpatient clinic organization. In this study, we sought to demonstrate how the involvement of essential employees combined with mathematical techniques to support the decision-making process resulted in a successful intervention. The setting is the preanesthesia evaluation clinic (PAC) of a university hospital, where patients consult several medical professionals, either by walk-in or appointment. Queuing theory was used to model the initial set-up of the clinic, and later to model possible alternative designs. With the queuing model, possible improvements in efficiency could be investigated. Inputs to the model were patient arrival rates and expected service times with clinic employees, collected from the clinic's logging system and by observation. The performance measures calculated with the model were patient length of stay and employee utilization rate. Supported by the model outcomes, a working group consisting of representatives of all clinic employees decided whether the initial design should be maintained or an intervention was needed. The queuing model predicted that 3 of the proposed alternatives would result in better performance. Key points in the intervention were the rescheduling of appointments and the reallocation of tasks. The intervention resulted in a shortening of the time the anesthesiologist needed to decide upon approving the patient for surgery. Patient arrivals increased sharply over 1 yr by more than 16%; however, patient length of stay at the clinic remained essentially unchanged. If the initial set-up of the clinic would have been maintained, the patient length of stay would have increased dramatically. Queuing theory provides robust methods to evaluate alternative designs for the organization of PACs. In this article, we show that queuing modeling is an
Denial of Service Attack: Analysis of Network Traffic Anormaly using Queuing Theory
Singh, Neetu; Chaudhuri, Pranay
2010-01-01
Denial-of-service (DOS) attacks increasingly gained reputation over the past few years. As the Internet becomes more ubiquitous, the threat of the denial-of-service attacks becomes more realistic and important for individuals, businesses, governmental organizations, and even countries. There is intensive need to detect an attack in progress as soon as possible. The efficiency of diagnosing the DOS attack using concepts of queuing theory and performance parameter of the system has been investigated in the present work, as the servers definitely have some mechanisms to store and process the requests. Utilizing this concept of queuing theory, the collection of data patterns were generated. With the performance parameter of the system, the analysis of the data pattern had been made to diagnose the network anomaly. Performance analysis and results show the accuracy of the proposed scheme in detecting anomalies.
2014-12-26
IDS called SNORT®. ( Roesch & Green, 2014) .......... 3 Figure 2. A basic queuing theory diagram calling out the six defining characteristics of a...particular format is from the popular open source IDS called SNORT®. ( Roesch & Green, 2014) The set of signatures within an IDS is called its rule-set...nicol/ece541/slides/queueing.pdf Roesch , M., & Green, C. (2014). SNORT Users Manual. Retrieved August 2014, from SNORT: http://manual.snort.org/ Saad
Application of queuing theory to a fast food outfit: a study of blue meadows restaurant
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Seigha Gumus
2017-06-01
Full Text Available The study evaluated the queuing system in Blue Meadows restaurant with a view to determining its operating characteristics and to improve customers’ satisfaction during waiting time using the lens of queuing theory. Data was obtained from a fast food restaurant in the University of Benin. The data collected was tested to show if it follows a Poisson and exponential distribution of arrival and service rate using chi square goodness of fit. A 95% confidence interval level was used to show the range of customers that come into the system at an hour time frame and the range of customers served at an hour time frame. Using the M/M/s model, the arrival rate, service rate, utilization rate, waiting time in the queue and the probability of customers likely balking from the restaurant was derived. The arrival rate (λ at Blue Meadows restaurant was about 40 customers per hour, while the service rate was about 22 customers per hour per server. The number of servers present in the system was two. The average number of customers in the system in an hour window was 40 customers with a utilization rate of 0.909. The paper concludes with a discussion on the benefits of performing queuing analysis to a restaurant.
Using Queuing Theory and Simulation Model to Optimize Hospital Pharmacy Performance
Bahadori, Mohammadkarim; Mohammadnejhad, Seyed Mohsen; Ravangard, Ramin; Teymourzadeh, Ehsan
2014-01-01
Background: Hospital pharmacy is responsible for controlling and monitoring the medication use process and ensures the timely access to safe, effective and economical use of drugs and medicines for patients and hospital staff. Objectives: This study aimed to optimize the management of studied outpatient pharmacy by developing suitable queuing theory and simulation technique. Patients and Methods: A descriptive-analytical study conducted in a military hospital in Iran, Tehran in 2013. A sample of 220 patients referred to the outpatient pharmacy of the hospital in two shifts, morning and evening, was selected to collect the necessary data to determine the arrival rate, service rate, and other data needed to calculate the patients flow and queuing network performance variables. After the initial analysis of collected data using the software SPSS 18, the pharmacy queuing network performance indicators were calculated for both shifts. Then, based on collected data and to provide appropriate solutions, the queuing system of current situation for both shifts was modeled and simulated using the software ARENA 12 and 4 scenarios were explored. Results: Results showed that the queue characteristics of the studied pharmacy during the situation analysis were very undesirable in both morning and evening shifts. The average numbers of patients in the pharmacy were 19.21 and 14.66 in the morning and evening, respectively. The average times spent in the system by clients were 39 minutes in the morning and 35 minutes in the evening. The system utilization in the morning and evening were, respectively, 25% and 21%. The simulation results showed that reducing the staff in the morning from 2 to 1 in the receiving prescriptions stage didn't change the queue performance indicators. Increasing one staff in filling prescription drugs could cause a decrease of 10 persons in the average queue length and 18 minutes and 14 seconds in the average waiting time. On the other hand, simulation
Using queuing theory and simulation model to optimize hospital pharmacy performance.
Bahadori, Mohammadkarim; Mohammadnejhad, Seyed Mohsen; Ravangard, Ramin; Teymourzadeh, Ehsan
2014-03-01
Hospital pharmacy is responsible for controlling and monitoring the medication use process and ensures the timely access to safe, effective and economical use of drugs and medicines for patients and hospital staff. This study aimed to optimize the management of studied outpatient pharmacy by developing suitable queuing theory and simulation technique. A descriptive-analytical study conducted in a military hospital in Iran, Tehran in 2013. A sample of 220 patients referred to the outpatient pharmacy of the hospital in two shifts, morning and evening, was selected to collect the necessary data to determine the arrival rate, service rate, and other data needed to calculate the patients flow and queuing network performance variables. After the initial analysis of collected data using the software SPSS 18, the pharmacy queuing network performance indicators were calculated for both shifts. Then, based on collected data and to provide appropriate solutions, the queuing system of current situation for both shifts was modeled and simulated using the software ARENA 12 and 4 scenarios were explored. Results showed that the queue characteristics of the studied pharmacy during the situation analysis were very undesirable in both morning and evening shifts. The average numbers of patients in the pharmacy were 19.21 and 14.66 in the morning and evening, respectively. The average times spent in the system by clients were 39 minutes in the morning and 35 minutes in the evening. The system utilization in the morning and evening were, respectively, 25% and 21%. The simulation results showed that reducing the staff in the morning from 2 to 1 in the receiving prescriptions stage didn't change the queue performance indicators. Increasing one staff in filling prescription drugs could cause a decrease of 10 persons in the average queue length and 18 minutes and 14 seconds in the average waiting time. On the other hand, simulation results showed that in the evening, decreasing the staff
On the application of queuing theory for analysis of twin data.
Kuravsky, L S; Malykh, S B
2000-06-01
A mathematical model based on queuing theory is used to study the dynamics of environmental influence on twin pairs. The model takes into consideration genetic factors and effects of nonshared environment. Histograms are exploited as base analysed characteristics, with the method of minimum chi-square yielding estimated characteristics. The proposed technique was applied to analysis of longitudinal data for MZ and DZ twins. It was shown that the same environment impact may yield different contributions to final variances of the IQ parameters under investigation. Magnitudes of these contributions depend on the genetic factor represented by distributions of an analysed parameter at the point of birth.
Sun, Y.; Li, Y. P.; Huang, G. H.
2012-06-01
In this study, a queuing-theory-based interval-fuzzy robust two-stage programming (QB-IRTP) model is developed through introducing queuing theory into an interval-fuzzy robust two-stage (IRTP) optimization framework. The developed QB-IRTP model can not only address highly uncertain information for the lower and upper bounds of interval parameters but also be used for analysing a variety of policy scenarios that are associated with different levels of economic penalties when the promised targets are violated. Moreover, it can reflect uncertainties in queuing theory problems. The developed method has been applied to a case of long-term municipal solid waste (MSW) management planning. Interval solutions associated with different waste-generation rates, different waiting costs and different arriving rates have been obtained. They can be used for generating decision alternatives and thus help managers to identify desired MSW management policies under various economic objectives and system reliability constraints.
Queuing theory models used for port equipment sizing
Dragu, V.; Dinu, O.; Ruscă, A.; Burciu, Ş.; Roman, E. A.
2017-08-01
The significant growth of volumes and distances on road transportation led to the necessity of finding solutions to increase water transportation market share together with the handling and transfer technologies within its terminals. It is widely known that the biggest times are consumed within the transport terminals (loading/unloading/transfer) and so the necessity of constantly developing handling techniques and technologies in concordance with the goods flows size so that the total waiting time of ships within ports is reduced. Port development should be achieved by harmonizing the contradictory interests of port administration and users. Port administrators aim profit increase opposite to users that want savings by increasing consumers’ surplus. The difficulty consists in the fact that the transport demand - supply equilibrium must be realised at costs and goods quantities transiting the port in order to satisfy the interests of both parties involved. This paper presents a port equipment sizing model by using queueing theory so that the sum of costs for ships waiting operations and equipment usage would be minimum. Ship operation within the port is assimilated to a mass service waiting system in which parameters are later used to determine the main costs for ships and port equipment.
Queuing theory to guide the implementation of a heart failure inpatient registry program.
Zai, Adrian H; Farr, Kit M; Grant, Richard W; Mort, Elizabeth; Ferris, Timothy G; Chueh, Henry C
2009-01-01
OBJECTIVE The authors previously implemented an electronic heart failure registry at a large academic hospital to identify heart failure patients and to connect these patients with appropriate discharge services. Despite significant improvements in patient identification and connection rates, time to connection remained high, with an average delay of 3.2 days from the time patients were admitted to the time connections were made. Our objective for this current study was to determine the most effective solution to minimize time to connection. DESIGN We used a queuing theory model to simulate 3 different potential solutions to decrease the delay from patient identification to connection with discharge services. MEASUREMENTS The measures included average rate at which patients were being connected to the post discharge heart failure services program, average number of patients in line, and average patient waiting time. RESULTS Using queuing theory model simulations, we were able to estimate for our current system the minimum rate at which patients need to be connected (262 patients/mo), the ideal patient arrival rate (174 patients/mo) and the maximal patient arrival rate that could be achieved by adding 1 extra nurse (348 patients/mo). CONCLUSIONS Our modeling approach was instrumental in helping us characterize key process parameters and estimate the impact of adding staff on the time between identifying patients with heart failure and connecting them with appropriate discharge services.
Bult, Johannes H F; van Putten, Bram; Schifferstein, Hendrik N J; Roozen, Jacques P; Voragen, Alphons G J; Kroeze, Jan H A
2004-10-01
In continuous vigilance tasks, the number of coincident panel responses to stimuli provides an index of stimulus detectability. To determine whether this number is due to chance, panel noise levels have been approximated by the maximum coincidence level obtained in stimulus-free conditions. This study proposes an alternative method by which to assess noise levels, derived from queuing system theory (QST). Instead of critical coincidence levels, QST modeling estimates the duration of coinciding responses in the absence of stimuli. The proposed method has the advantage over previous approaches that it yields more reliable noise estimates and allows for statistical testing. The method was applied in an olfactory detection experiment using 16 panelists in stimulus-present and stimulus-free conditions. We propose that QST may be used as an alternative to signal detection theory for analyzing data from continuous vigilance tasks.
Alavi-Moghaddam, Mostafa; Forouzanfar, Reza; Alamdari, Shahram; Shahrami, Ali; Kariman, Hamid; Amini, Afshin; Pourbabaee, Shokooh; Shirvani, Armin
2012-01-01
Patients who receive care in an emergency department (ED), are usually unattended while waiting in queues. This study was done to determine, whether the application of queuing theory analysis might shorten the waiting times of patients admitted to emergency wards. This was an operational study to use queuing theory analysis in the ED. In the first phase, a field study was conducted to delineate the performance of the ED and enter the data obtained into simulator software. In the second phase, "ARENA" software was used for modeling, analysis, creating a simulation and improving the movement of patients in the ED. Validity of the model was confirmed through comparison of the results with the real data using the same instrument. The third phase of the study concerned modeling in order to assess the effect of various operational strategies, on the queue waiting time of patients who were receiving care in the ED. In the first phase, it was shown that 47.7% of the 3000 patient records were cases referred for trauma treatment, and the remaining 52.3% were referred for non-trauma services. A total of 56% of the cases were male and 44% female. Maximum input was 4.5 patients per hour and the minimum input was 0.5 per hour. The average length of stay for patients in the trauma section was three hours, while for the non-trauma section it was four hours. In the second phase, modeling was tested with common scenarios. In the third phase, the scenario with the addition of one or more senior emergency resident(s) on each shift resulted in a decreased length of stay from 4 to 3.75 hours. Moreover, the addition of one bed to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and/or Critical Care Unit (CCU) in the study hospital, reduced the occupancy rate of the nursing service from 76% to 67%. By adding another clerk to take electrocardiograms (ECG) in the ED, the average time from a request to performing the procedure is reduced from 26 to 18 minutes. Furthermore, the addition of 50% more staff to the
Establishing Performance Evaluation Model with Queuing Theory in NoC
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Tao He
2013-10-01
Full Text Available The transmission delay is an important index of the system performance of NoC (Network on Chip. Although the method of simulation-based can get accurate transmission delay, the simulation requires time consuming and a large number of test vectors. Especially in the study of some algorithms, such as mapping algorithms, buffer allocation algorithm, the simulation method is not applicable. To solve the above problems, the paper uses queuing theory to study the establishment of a NoC delay model. The model considers the limited buffer of routing unit and virtual channel technology for network transmission delay and proposes solving algorithm of the delay model based on reverse deduction method. The simulation shows that this model used to analyze the application-specific data transmission delay has smaller average error (reduced by 8% and higher evaluation efficiency (increased by more than 30 times, which provide designers an efficient method of performance evaluation.
Optimal Allocation of Changing Station for Electric Vehicle Based on Queuing Theory
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Yagang Zhang
2016-11-01
Full Text Available Electric vehicle as the main development direction of the future automotive industry, has gained attention worldwide. The rationality of the planning and construction of the power station, as the foundation of energy supply, is an important premise for the development of electric vehicles. In full consideration of the electric demand and electricity consumption, this paper proposes a new construction mode in which charging station and centralized charging station are appropriately combined and presents a location optimization model. Not only can this model be applied to determine the appropriate location for the power station, but it can use the queuing theory to determine the optimal number of power equipment, with which we can achieve the minimum costs. Finally, taking a certain city as an example, the optimum plan for power station is calculated by using this model, which provides an important reference for the study of electric vehicle infrastructure planning.
An Integrated Model of Patient and Staff Satisfaction Using Queuing Theory.
Komashie, Alexander; Mousavi, Ali; Clarkson, P John; Young, Terry
2015-01-01
This paper investigates the connection between patient satisfaction, waiting time, staff satisfaction, and service time. It uses a variety of models to enable improvement against experiential and operational health service goals. Patient satisfaction levels are estimated using a model based on waiting (waiting times). Staff satisfaction levels are estimated using a model based on the time spent with patients (service time). An integrated model of patient and staff satisfaction, the effective satisfaction level model, is then proposed (using queuing theory). This links patient satisfaction, waiting time, staff satisfaction, and service time, connecting two important concepts, namely, experience and efficiency in care delivery and leading to a more holistic approach in designing and managing health services. The proposed model will enable healthcare systems analysts to objectively and directly relate elements of service quality to capacity planning. Moreover, as an instrument used jointly by healthcare commissioners and providers, it affords the prospect of better resource allocation.
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Chao Guo
2017-01-01
Full Text Available An optimal routing scheme in space information networks was presented to balance network loads for heterogeneous users. According to the competition among the nodes, the model was built based on queuing game theory. The virtual routing platform was in charge of resources allocation and route selection. It got user’s gain to decide which node the user joined in. Owning to the existing of heterogeneous users, an optimal admission fee needed to be obtained to avoid congestion. In our model, firstly, the whole welfare of the system was formulated. Then the optimal admission fee was calculated through maximizing the whole welfare. Meanwhile, the average maximum queue length was generated to set the buffer space of the node. At last, a routing factor was introduced into the route algorithm in order that the optimal routing could be selected by heterogeneous users. As a result, the system welfare reaches the maximum.
Application of queuing theory to patient satisfaction at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria
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Nkeiruka Ameh
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Background: Queuing theory is the mathematical approach to the analysis of waiting lines in any setting where arrival rate of subjects is faster than the system can handle. It is applicable to healthcare settings where the systems have excess capacity to accommodate random variations. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was done. Questionnaires were administered to patients who attended the general outpatient department. Observations were also made on the queuing model and the service discipline at the clinic. Questions were meant to obtain demographic characteristics and the time spent on the queue by patients before being seen by a doctor, time spent with the doctor, their views about the time spent on the queue and useful suggestions on how to reduce the time spent on the queue. A total of 210 patients were surveyed. Results: Majority of the patients (164, 78.1% spent 2 h or less on the queue before being seen by a doctor and less than 1 h to see the doctor. Majority of the patients (144, 68.5% were satisfied with the time they spent on the queue before being seen by a doctor. Useful suggestions proffered by the patients to decrease the time spent on the queue before seeing a doctor at the clinic included: that more doctors be employed (46, 21.9%, that doctors should come to work on time (25, 11.9%, that first-come-first served be observed strictly (32, 15.2% and others suggested that the records staff should desist from collecting bribes from patients in order to place their cards before others. The queuing method employed at the clinic is the multiple single channel type and the service discipline is priority service. The patients who spent less time on the queue (<1 h before seeing the doctor were more satisfied than those who spent more time ( P < 0.05. Conclusion: The study has revealed that majority of the patients were satisfied with the practice at the general outpatient department. However, there is a need to
Application of queuing theory to patient satisfaction at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.
Ameh, Nkeiruka; Sabo, B; Oyefabi, M O
2013-01-01
Queuing theory is the mathematical approach to the analysis of waiting lines in any setting where arrival rate of subjects is faster than the system can handle. It is applicable to healthcare settings where the systems have excess capacity to accommodate random variations. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was done. Questionnaires were administered to patients who attended the general outpatient department. Observations were also made on the queuing model and the service discipline at the clinic. Questions were meant to obtain demographic characteristics and the time spent on the queue by patients before being seen by a doctor, time spent with the doctor, their views about the time spent on the queue and useful suggestions on how to reduce the time spent on the queue. A total of 210 patients were surveyed. Majority of the patients (164, 78.1%) spent 2 h or less on the queue before being seen by a doctor and less than 1 h to see the doctor. Majority of the patients (144, 68.5%) were satisfied with the time they spent on the queue before being seen by a doctor. Useful suggestions proffered by the patients to decrease the time spent on the queue before seeing a doctor at the clinic included: that more doctors be employed (46, 21.9%), that doctors should come to work on time (25, 11.9%), that first-come-first served be observed strictly (32, 15.2%) and others suggested that the records staff should desist from collecting bribes from patients in order to place their cards before others. The queuing method employed at the clinic is the multiple single channel type and the service discipline is priority service. The patients who spent less time on the queue (<1 h) before seeing the doctor were more satisfied than those who spent more time (P < 0.05). The study has revealed that majority of the patients were satisfied with the practice at the general outpatient department. However, there is a need to employ measures to respond to the suggestions given by the patients
Zhang, Jie; Han, Guangjie; Qian, Yujie
2016-01-01
Increased co-channel interference (CCI) in wireless local area networks (WLANs) is bringing serious resource constraints to today’s high-density wireless environments. CCI in IEEE 802.11-based networks is inevitable due to the nature of the carrier sensing mechanism however can be reduced by resource optimization approaches. That means the CCI analysis is basic, but also crucial for an efficient resource management. In this article, we present a novel CCI analysis approach based on the queuing theory, which considers the randomness of end users’ behavior and the irregularity and complexity of network traffic in high-density WLANs that adopts the M/M/c queuing model for CCI analysis. Most of the CCIs occur when multiple networks overlap and trigger channel contentions; therefore, we use the ratio of signal-overlapped areas to signal coverage as a probabilistic factor to the queuing model to analyze the CCI impacts in highly overlapped WLANs. With the queuing model, we perform simulations to see how the CCI influences the quality of service (QoS) in high-density WLANs. PMID:27563896
Zhang, Jie; Han, Guangjie; Qian, Yujie
2016-08-23
Increased co-channel interference (CCI) in wireless local area networks (WLANs) is bringing serious resource constraints to today's high-density wireless environments. CCI in IEEE 802.11-based networks is inevitable due to the nature of the carrier sensing mechanism however can be reduced by resource optimization approaches. That means the CCI analysis is basic, but also crucial for an efficient resource management. In this article, we present a novel CCI analysis approach based on the queuing theory, which considers the randomness of end users' behavior and the irregularity and complexity of network traffic in high-density WLANs that adopts the M/M/c queuing model for CCI analysis. Most of the CCIs occur when multiple networks overlap and trigger channel contentions; therefore, we use the ratio of signal-overlapped areas to signal coverage as a probabilistic factor to the queuing model to analyze the CCI impacts in highly overlapped WLANs. With the queuing model, we perform simulations to see how the CCI influences the quality of service (QoS) in high-density WLANs.
Aplicação da teoria das filas em serviços bancários/Application of queuing theory in banking
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Vitor Costa de Lima; Rosley Anholon; Izabela Simon Rampasso; Osvaldo Luiz Gonçalves Quelhas
2016-01-01
Bearing in mind the intense competition in the current economy and the increasing necessity of having more customers and keeping them loyal, this paper aims to apply the well known Queuing Theory in...
T-cell activation: A queuing theory analysis at low agonist density.
Wedagedera, J R; Burroughs, N J
2006-09-01
We analyze a simple linear triggering model of the T-cell receptor (TCR) within the framework of queuing theory, in which TCRs enter the queue upon full activation and exit by downregulation. We fit our model to four experimentally characterized threshold activation criteria and analyze their specificity and sensitivity: the initial calcium spike, cytotoxicity, immunological synapse formation, and cytokine secretion. Specificity characteristics improve as the time window for detection increases, saturating for time periods on the timescale of downregulation; thus, the calcium spike (30 s) has low specificity but a sensitivity to single-peptide MHC ligands, while the cytokine threshold (1 h) can distinguish ligands with a 30% variation in the complex lifetime. However, a robustness analysis shows that these properties are degraded when the queue parameters are subject to variation-for example, under stochasticity in the ligand number in the cell-cell interface and population variation in the cellular threshold. A time integration of the queue over a period of hours is shown to be able to control parameter noise efficiently for realistic parameter values when integrated over sufficiently long time periods (hours), the discrimination characteristics being determined by the TCR signal cascade kinetics (a kinetic proofreading scheme). Therefore, through a combination of thresholds and signal integration, a T cell can be responsive to low ligand density and specific to agonist quality. We suggest that multiple threshold mechanisms are employed to establish the conditions for efficient signal integration, i.e., coordinate the formation of a stable contact interface.
Saichev, A; Sornette, D
2010-01-01
Empirical analyses show that after the update of a browser, or the publication of the vulnerability of a software, or the discovery of a cyber worm, the fraction of computers still using the older browser or software version, or not yet patched, or exhibiting worm activity decays as a power law approximately 1/t(alpha) with 0queuing theory, of a target task which has the lowest priority compared to all other tasks that flow on the computer of an individual. We identify a "time deficit" control parameter beta and a bifurcation to a regime where there is a nonzero probability for the target task to never be completed. The distribution of waiting time T until the completion of the target task has the power law tail approximately 1/t(1/2), resulting from a first-passage solution of an equivalent Wiener process. Taking into account a diversity of time deficit parameters in a population of individuals, the power law tail is changed into 1/t(alpha), with alpha is an element of (0.5,infinity), including the well-known case 1/t. We also study the effect of "procrastination," defined as the situation in which the target task may be postponed or delayed even after the individual has solved all other pending tasks. This regime provides an explanation for even slower apparent decay and longer persistence.
Performance Analysis of an Energy Efficient Femtocell Network Using Queuing Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wanod Kumar
2013-07-01
Full Text Available The energy expenditure of cellular networks is increasing rapidly due to high demand of data services by the subscribers. This subsequently gives rise to the CO2 emission which is a critical issue nowadays. A hybrid cellular network comprised of macrocell and several femtocells is required to achieve reliability, continuous connectivity, and energy efficiency. To address the issue of energy efficiency, in this paper we present a queuing model of an energy efficient femtocell network. The transmission of data traffic in this type of network is modeled using M/M/1 queue where server FAP (Femtocell Access Point takes vacation to save energy during inactivity period. The network model is solved using a MGM (Matrix Geometric Method. The performance of the system is evaluated in terms of average system delay and power savings for different sleep cycle durations. Results reveal that the maximum energy can be saved with higher sleep cycle duration at a cost of increased system delay
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
JITENDRA SAXENA
2011-09-01
Full Text Available Quality of service is a very important and vital issue for maintaining optical network with respect signal quality, jitter, and delay. Queuing theory is an important parameter to maintain triple play quality of service i.e video, voice and data. The network consists of different type of quality of service model client/ server model and a video client to client model. Video traffic is queued and prioritized in the firewall by using weighted fast queuing.
The Application of Phase Type Distributions for Modelling Queuing Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
EIMUTIS VALAKEVICIUS
2007-12-01
Full Text Available Queuing models are important tools for studying the performance of complex systems, but despite the substantial queuing theory literature, it is often necessary to use approximations in the case the system is nonmarkovian. Phase type distribution is by now indispensable tool in creation of queuing system models. The purpose of this paper is to suggest a method and software for evaluating queuing approximations. A numerical queuing model with priorities is used to explore the behaviour of exponential phase-type approximation of service-time distribution. The performance of queuing systems described in the event language is used for generating the set of states and transition matrix between them. Two examples of numerical models are presented – a queuing system model with priorities and a queuing system model with quality control.
Takahashi, Taiki
2006-01-01
Intertemporal and probabilistic decision-making has been studied in psychiatry, ecology, and neuroeconomics. Because drug addicts and psycopaths often make risky decisions (e.g., drug misuse and aggression), investigation into types of impulsivity in intertemporal and probabilistic choices (delay and probability discounting) are important for psychiatric treatments. Studies in behavioral ecology proposed that delay and probability discounting are mediated by the same psychological process, because a decrease in probability of winning corresponds to an increase in delay until winning. According to this view, odds-against winning (=1/p-1) in probabilistic choice corresponds to delay in intertemporal choice. This hypothesis predicts that preference of gambling (low degree of probability discounting) may be associated with patience, rather than impulsivity or impatience, in intertemporal choice (low degree of delay discounting). However, recent empirical evidence in psychiatric research employing pathological gamblers indicates that pathological gamblers are impulsive in intertemporal choice (high degrees of delay discounting). However, a hyperbolic discounting function (usually adopted to explain intertemporal choice) with odds-against (instead of delay) explain experimental data in probabilistic choice dramatically well. Therefore, an alternative explanation is required for the hypothetical equivalence of odds-against to delay. We propose that queuing theory (often adopted for analyzing computer network traffic) under a competitive social foraging condition may explain the equivalence. Our hypothesis may help understand impulsivity of psychiatrics in social behavior (e.g., aggression and antisocial behavior) in addition to non-social impulsivity in reward-seeking (e.g., substance misuse).
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vaibhav Singh
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Waiting line problems arise because there is too much demand on the facilities so that we can say that there is an excess of waiting time or inadequate number of service facilities. At the stone crusher plant mine the dumpers come to load from the loader. The crusher plant has 11 dumpers and these 11 dumpers make 88 trips during 8-hour day. The company has one loader to load all the dumpers, which results in a formation of long waiting line or queue. Due to this queue there is a long waiting time in queue of dumpers and cost associated with waiting time of dumpers. Queuing theory can quite effectively analyze such queuing phenomenon. In this research paper I have applied the queuing theory to the stone crusher plant mine, where the queue of dumpers formed at the loading station. By applying the single channel queuing theory I analyzed the current situation of the stone crusher plant mine and find the problems of the current system. To overcome the above problems I have applied the multi-channel queuing theory to minimize the waiting time in queue of dumpers and very high cost associated with waiting time of dumpers. In the new system not only waiting time in queue of dumpers and very high cost associated with waiting time of dumpers is reduced but also there is an efficient utilization of dumpers and loaders along with provide the profitable situation to the crusher plant.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arvin Aziziankohan
2017-05-01
Full Text Available Purpose: Nowadays, governments and people pay more attention to use green products due to environmental pollution, irreplaceable energy and shortage of resources. Green products are resulted from the application of green supply chain management strategies to the organizations' performance strategies, so that we can reduce environmental pollutants and wastes and take a step towards saving energy with limited resources. Methodology: In this paper, the effect of reducing energy consumption in green supply chain is examined by using queuing theory and transportation models. Data was generated and solved by a commercial optimization epackage. Findings: The findings indicate that suitable assignment of existing transportation fleet with specified capacity, and using queueing theory in a closed-loop network to reduce the queue length and handle congestion, can cause a reduction in energy consumption by optimizing transportation and waiting times in a green supply chain. Originality/value: Adopting investment strategy in improving the environmental performance of the supply chain, will yield in many advantages and benefits. This article investigates the effect of queuing theory on reducing waiting time, optimizing energy consumption in green supply chain, and consequently decreasing pollution.
Human Factors of Queuing: A Library Circulation Model.
Mansfield, Jerry W.
1981-01-01
Classical queuing theories and their accompanying service facilities totally disregard the human factors in the name of efficiency. As library managers we need to be more responsive to human needs in the design of service points and make every effort to minimize queuing and queue frustration. Five references are listed. (Author/RAA)
Mayhew, L; Smith, D
2008-03-01
This paper uses a queuing model to evaluate completion times in Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments in the light of the Government target of completing and discharging 98% of patients inside 4 h. It illustrates how flows though an A&E can be accurately represented as a queuing process, how outputs can be used to visualise and interpret the 4-h Government target in a simple way and how the model can be used to assess the practical achievability of A&E targets in the future. The paper finds that A&E targets have resulted in significant improvements in completion times and thus deal with a major source of complaint by users of the National Health Service in the U.K. It suggests that whilst some of this improvement is attributable to better management, some is also due to the way some patients in A&E are designated and therefore counted through the system. It finds for example that the current target would not have been possible without some form of patient re-designation or re-labelling taking place. Further it finds that the current target is so demanding that the integrity of reported performance is open to question. Related incentives and demand management issues resulting from the target are also briefly discussed.
Effectiveness Evaluation of Air Defense System Based on Queuing Theory%基于排队论的防空作战效能评估
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
高志华; 唐金国; 文建国; 李木易; 刘志豪; 王雷
2012-01-01
文章分析了防空体系对空袭目标的拦截次数计算方法,通过排队论的方法,建立了防空体系效能评估模型。最后通过仿真计算,得出影响防空体系作战效能的重要因素,为决策提供一定的理论依据。%This text analyzes the computing technology of intercepting numbers of air defense system to the goal. Through the queuing theory method, have set up the evaluation efficiency model of air defense system. Finally simulation results show the important factors of in- fluencing the fighting efficiency of air defense system, and offer certain theoretical foundation for people who making policy.
Dynamic queuing transmission model for dynamic network loading
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Raovic, Nevena; Nielsen, Otto Anker; Prato, Carlo Giacomo
2017-01-01
This paper presents a new macroscopic multi-class dynamic network loading model called Dynamic Queuing Transmission Model (DQTM). The model utilizes ‘good’ properties of the Dynamic Queuing Model (DQM) and the Link Transmission Model (LTM) by offering a DQM consistent with the kinematic wave theory...... and allowing for the representation of multiple vehicle classes, queue spillbacks and shock waves. The model assumes that a link is split into a moving part plus a queuing part, and p that traffic dynamics are given by a triangular fundamental diagram. A case-study is investigated and the DQTM is compared...
Improving queuing service at McDonald's
Koh, Hock Lye; Teh, Su Yean; Wong, Chin Keat; Lim, Hooi Kie; Migin, Melissa W.
2014-07-01
Fast food restaurants are popular among price-sensitive youths and working adults who value the conducive environment and convenient services. McDonald's chains of restaurants promote their sales during lunch hours by offering package meals which are perceived to be inexpensive. These promotional lunch meals attract good response, resulting in occasional long queues and inconvenient waiting times. A study is conducted to monitor the distribution of waiting time, queue length, customer arrival and departure patterns at a McDonald's restaurant located in Kuala Lumpur. A customer survey is conducted to gauge customers' satisfaction regarding waiting time and queue length. An android app named Que is developed to perform onsite queuing analysis and report key performance indices. The queuing theory in Que is based upon the concept of Poisson distribution. In this paper, Que is utilized to perform queuing analysis at this McDonald's restaurant with the aim of improving customer service, with particular reference to reducing queuing time and shortening queue length. Some results will be presented.
基于排队论的配送策略研究%Research on Delivery Strategy Based on Queuing Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张伊彤; 赵刚
2013-01-01
In delivery problem,delivery vehicle is equivalent to the reception desk.The site waiting to be served is equivalent to the customer.To insure the requirement is considered in many aspects,the requirement is divided to two types:ordinary requirement and emergency requirement.For ordinary requirement,the paper uses AHP to consider the delivery sequence.For emergency requirement,uses one separate delivery car to serve.Using multi-reception desk mixed model to get the indicators of queuing theory.Compared with one sever mixed model,the effect is much better.%在配送问题中，配送车辆相当于服务台，等待被送货的地点相当于顾客。为保证配送请求被多方面考虑，将送货地点的请求分为“普通请求”和“紧急请求”，对于“普通请求”应用层次分析法确定配送次序，另外对于“紧急请求”采用单独配送车辆进行服务。应用多服务台混合制模型获得排队系统的各项指标，与单服务台模型进行各项指标对比，效果明显较好。
An Improved μTESLA Protocol Based on Queuing Theory and Benaloh-Leichter SSS in WSNs
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Haiping Huang
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Broadcast authentication is a fundamental security technology in wireless sensor networks (ab. WSNs. As an authentication protocol, the most widely used in WSN, μTESLA protocol, its publication of key is based on a fixed time interval, which may lead to unsatisfactory performance under the unstable network traffic environment. Furthermore, the frequent network communication will cause the delay authentication for some broadcast packets while the infrequent one will increase the overhead of key computation. To solve these problems, this paper improves the traditional μTESLA by determining the publication of broadcast key based on the network data flow rather than the fixed time interval. Meanwhile, aiming at the finite length of hash chain and the problem of exhaustion, a self-renewal hash chain based on Benaloh-Leichter secret sharing scheme (SRHC-BL SSS is designed, which can prolong the lifetime of network. Moreover, by introducing the queue theory model, we demonstrate that our scheme has much lower key consumption than μTESLA through simulation evaluations. Finally, we analyze and prove the security and efficiency of the proposed self-renewal hash chain, comparing with other typical schemes.
基于排队论的大型舰船甲板弹射器数量研究%Investigation into Deck Catapults Quantity of Large Ship by Using Queuing Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周鑫磊; 孟祥印; 解学参; 胡玉龙; 侯远杭
2011-01-01
The objective of this article is to establish a theoretical basis for determining the quantity of catapult on the flight deck of large ship. As for investigation, the approach of "dummy queue (virtual queue)" was presented from the view of aircraft handling officer, and the task flow model was set up and analysis was carried out by using the queuing theory. The realistic model of task flow of carrier-based aircraft in standby position for launch was also constructed. A multiple calculations were conducted for the key targets, ignoring all the other factors, with regard to the influence of different quantities of catapults on the virtual length of aircraft's waiting queue and time of the system standby based on the assumption of the queuing theory. The results enable to have a quantifying comparison of sortie generation capacities of carried-based aircraft on the flight deck. The calculations also showed that under a given set of conditions, increasing the quantity of the catapult can obviously minimize the queuing length of the birds waiting in a queue for launch on the flight deck, but, if the number of catapult was greater than four, this would be less effective. Through the calculating results, application of the queuing theory to the demonstration as well as quantity design of catapult on large ship is proved to be practicable.%为明确大型舰船飞行甲板弹射器数量设计的理论依据,从调运指挥官的角度提出了"虚拟队列"概念,分析了其工作特点,对其工作模式进行了排队论建模.同时分析、建立了舰载机在弹射等待过程中的真实排队模型.忽略其它甲板因素的影响,基于排队论假设代入数值计算了不同弹射器数量对虚拟队列中舰载机的等待队长、系统等待耗时等关键指标的影响,使弹射器数量影响下的大型舰船舰载机出动能力得到了量化比较.计算结果表明,在给定条件下,甲板弹射器数量的增加能有效减少大型舰船舰
Automatic Queuing Model for Banking Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dr. Ahmed S. A. AL-Jumaily
2011-08-01
Full Text Available Queuing is the process of moving customers in a specific sequence to a specific service according to the customer need. The term scheduling stands for the process of computing a schedule. This may be done by a queuing based scheduler. This paper focuses on the banks lines system, the different queuing algorithms that are used in banks to serve the customers, and the average waiting time. The aim of this paper is to build automatic queuing system for organizing the banks queuing system that can analyses the queue status and take decision which customer to serve. The new queuing architecture model can switch between different scheduling algorithms according to the testing results and the factor of the average waiting time. The main innovation of this work concerns the modeling of the average waiting time is taken into processing, in addition with the process of switching to the scheduling algorithm that gives the best average waiting time.
CALCULATIONS OF PERFOMANCE PRODUCTIVITY OF ATC AS A QUEUING SYSTEM WITH FAILURES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
I. N. Shestakov
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The article give reasons for possibility of the investigation of the ATC system as a queuing system with failures. The concept of the failure is explained through the extreme condition of an ATC Unit. Criteria of the system’s performance productivity within the theory of queuing are given. The results of the calculations of the system’s productivity are provided.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邢志伟; 唐广群; 任准
2013-01-01
According to the practical situation of aircraft delays in hub airports on snowy days and the current application of multi-deicing bays (MDB),aircraft queuing model of the MDB is established based on multi-server queuing system theory.Besides,the dispatch model of each corresponding holding deicing queue is also established based on game theory.The dynamic flights data of Beijing Capital Airport are used for simulation.The results show that the classification and fair allocation of the deicing bay can decrease the holding time of all the deicing aircrafts in the deicing system and relieve the deicing jam in peak hours,and the model guarantees the fairness of the deicing resources allocation and presents the relationship between MDB input and aircraft's sojourn time.This research also provides a new way for airports' deicing operation and deicing bay construction.%针对冰雪天气大型枢纽机场的大面积航班延误及多除冰坪的实际情况,利用多服务台排队系统理论,建立多除冰坪飞机排队模型,并结合博弈思想建立对应于各等待除冰队列的调度模型.利用首都机场动态航班数据进行仿真计算.仿真结果表明,对除冰位进行分类和合理分配,可以降低所有除冰飞机在除冰系统中的总逗留时间,从而缓解高峰时段除冰坪拥堵情况,给出了除冰坪投入量与飞机逗留时间的关系,保证了除冰资源分配的公平性,为机场地面除冰运行及除冰坪建设提供了一种新的思路.
基于排队理论的汽车租赁运营策略%Queuing Theory-Based Operation Policies for Car Renting
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王娟; 杨爱峰
2011-01-01
In car renting, customer demands rental time are subject to random variation. Thus, it is difficult to model and optimize such a process. The car renting is treated as a real-time queuing process. Based on this concept, for a car rental company, aiming at maximizing its profit by determiriing the number of vehicles needed,a mathematical model is developed. With this model, the profit obtained by two companies under cooperation is compared with that obtained without cooperation. Results show that more profit can be obtained with cooperation than without cooperation. Furthermore, based on the total profit increase for the two cooperative companies, the acceptable sublet price range ispresented. Thus, by using the proposed method,a car renting company can select its most profitable operation policy. Numerical examples are given to verify the proposed method.%将汽车租赁问题转化为即时排队系统M/M/n/n/∞模型,解决了在租赁模型中顾客需求与租期都是随机参数的难题.在租赁商独立经营的情况下,以利润最大化为目标建立模型,得到租赁商的最优车辆购置数;比较两家租赁商合作经营与独立经营情况下的利润,得出合作经营后总利润增加值与两租赁商均可以接受的转租价格,为租赁商选择有利的运营策略提供了理论依据;通过算例验证了模型的有效性.
消息中间件的排队论模型研究%Study on the Queuing Model of the Message-Oriented Middleware
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周世杰; 秦志光; 刘锦德
2002-01-01
The general concepts in message queuing and message-oriented middleware(MOM) are discussed. The essential elements and model of the queuing theory are analyzed in detail. Then, after puting forward and analyzing the basic formulas of the queuing theory, the applicable model for message queue middleware is probed into. Some important formulas used in the designing of the message queue middleware are also elucidated. Finally, a case of designing the message queue middleware adopting queuing model we put forward, which is used in the freeway toll system of ITS, is studied.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李如琦; 苏浩益
2011-01-01
在分析电动汽车充电行为的基础上,基于排队论建立了充电设施服务系统排队模型。在此基础上,研究了充电设施服务系统在排队等候中的概率特征,并定量分析了充电设施的运行效率。以充电设施服务系统总费用最小为目标函数建立了充电设施费用最优模型。结合电动汽车充电功率需求预测结果,研究了电动汽车充电设施不同配置方式对电网负荷率的影响。研究结果表明,通过合理配置充电设施,可以提高充电设备综合利用效率,从而进一步验证了所提模型的实用性和有效性。%By analyzing the characteristics of electric vehicles＇ charging behavior,a queuing model for charging facilities＇ service system for electric vehicles based on queuing theory is established.On this basis,the waiting probability characteristics of charging facilities＇ service system for electric vehicles are studied,and the operation efficiency of charging facilities for electric vehicles is analyzed quantitatively.Furthermore,an optimal cost model for electric vehicle charging facilities is developed with the minimum of the total cost of service system as the objective function.By referring to the forecast results of electric vehicles＇ power demand,the influence of different charging facilities＇ allocation schemes on load factors of power grid is analyzed.The analysis results show that the synthetic efficiency for charging facilities utilization can be improved by reasonable allocating charging facilities,and the practicality and effectiveness of the model are further verified.
Simulation optimization based on production of queuing theory of logistics system%基于排队论的生产物流系统的仿真优化
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
马旭耀; 秦现生; 成程
2012-01-01
This paper studies configuration problem of logistics and transportation resources in the production process. For improving logistics efficiency in production process and controlling the cost of investment, based on queuing theory, it establishes a comparison model to calculate the waiting cost and the cost of the resources allocation and can select a best plan of resources allocation. In this paper, detailed research and data collection of one enterprise's storage and logistics systems are conducted. It makes a logistics model of production system, simulates with the Arena 7.0 software, so finally a better strategy can be designed and selected.%研究生产过程中物流运输资源配置的问题.为了有效提高企业生产过程中物流效率并控制投资,依据排队理论,建立等待费用和配置资源费用的综合比较模型,从而选择最佳资源配置方案.通过对仓储物流系统的详细调研和数据采集,建立生产系统物流模型,运用Arena 7.0仿真软件进行仿真,从而设计和选择一个较好的策略.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
钱潜; 单志伟; 刘福胜; 张波; 李锴
2015-01-01
Aiming at solving the unreasonable configuration problem of support equipment in the integra-tive equipment support construction,this thesis is trying to build a support equipment quantity determi-ning model based on queuing theory and solved it using MATLAB software.The reliability of the model is testified with living example,and the change rule of the support equipment quantity is analyzed.Finally, combined with the characteristics of integrative equipment support,new counter measures are put forward for integrative construction,which provides a theoretical basis for the development of integrative equip-ment support.%针对一体化装备保障建设过程中保障设备数量配置不合理的问题，建立了基于排队论的装备保障设备数量确定模型，并运用 MATLAB 软件进行求解。最后，通过实例验证了模型的可靠,，分析了装备保障设备数量的变化规律，并结合一体化装备保障的特点，提出了装备保障设备一体化建设的对策建议，为一体化装备保障的发展奠定了理论基础。
Distributed Queuing in Dynamic Networks
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gokarna Sharma
2013-10-01
Full Text Available We consider the problem of forming a distributed queue in the adversarial dynamic network model of Kuhn, Lynch, and Oshman (STOC 2010 in which the network topology changes from round to round but the network stays connected. This is a synchronous model in which network nodes are assumed to be fixed, the communication links for each round are chosen by an adversary, and nodes do not know who their neighbors are for the current round before they broadcast their messages. Queue requests may arrive over rounds at arbitrary nodes and the goal is to eventually enqueue them in a distributed queue. We present two algorithms that give a total distributed ordering of queue requests in this model. We measure the performance of our algorithms through round complexity, which is the total number of rounds needed to solve the distributed queuing problem. We show that in 1-interval connected graphs, where the communication links change arbitrarily between every round, it is possible to solve the distributed queueing problem in O(nk rounds using O(log n size messages, where n is the number of nodes in the network and k 0 is the concurrency level parameter that captures the minimum number of active queue requests in the system in any round. These results hold in any arbitrary (sequential, one-shot concurrent, or dynamic arrival of k queue requests in the system. Moreover, our algorithms ensure correctness in the sense that each queue request is eventually enqueued in the distributed queue after it is issued and each queue request is enqueued exactly once. We also provide an impossibility result for this distributed queuing problem in this model. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first solutions to the distributed queuing problem in adversarial dynamic networks.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
柴海霞; 刘菊英; 王锋; 罗强; 谢飞; 郑苏; 姚红
2016-01-01
Objective:To explore the rational allocation of outpatient department blood collection technician of one hospital in Shiyan based on queuing theory and compare the patient satisfaction of outpatient before and after allocating laboratory services. Methods:Time measuring and queuing theory model were applied to calculate commonly used fit index of queuing theory in the technician configuration. The questionnaires were conducted to evaluate patients' satisfaction. Results:Allocating 6 technicians from Monday to Tuesday morning and 5 technicians from Wednesday to Sunday morning were reasonable. The patient satisfaction was improved after adjusting technicians on the basis of queuing theory analysis ( P<0.05) .Conclusion:Queuing theory method can provide reasonable suggestion for staff scheduling,as well as point the new research direction to improve customer satisfaction.%目的：：运用排队论分析十堰市某医院门诊采血技师配置的合理性，比较门诊采血技师配置前后患者满意度的变化。方法：运用工时测量法和排队论模型，计算门诊采血排队系统中的各项运行指标，得出合理的技师配置；运用调查问卷评估患者满意度。结果：每周一至周二上午配置6名技师较为合理；周三至周日上午配置5名技师较为合理。根据排队论分析并调整技师排班后，门诊采血窗口患者满意度得到明显提高( P<0.05)。结论：排队论方法可以合理配置采血室的工作人员，同时为研究患者满意度提供新的方向。
Application of queuing model in Dubai's busiest megaplex
Bhagchandani, Maneesha; Bajpai, Priti
2013-09-01
This paper provides a study and analysis of the extremely busy booking counters at the Megaplex in Dubai using the queuing model and simulation. Dubai is an emirate in UAE with a multicultural population. Majority of the population in Dubai is foreign born. Cinema is one of the major forms of entertainment. There are more than 13 megaplexes each with a number of screens ranging from 3 to 22. They screen movies in English, Arabic, Hindi and other languages. It has been observed that during the weekends megaplexes attract a large number of crowd resulting in long queues at the booking counters. One of the busiest megaplex was selected for the study. Queuing theory satisfies the model when tested in real time situation. The concepts of arrival rate, service rate, utilization rate, waiting time in the system, average number of people in the queue, using Little's Theorem and M/M/s queuing model along with simulation software have been used to suggest an empirical solution. The aim of the paper is twofold-To assess the present situation at the Megaplex and give recommendations to optimize the use of booking counters.
Fuzzy Optimization and Normal Simulation for Solving Fuzzy Web Queuing System Problems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xidong Zheng
2005-04-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we use both fuzzy optimization and normal simulation methods to solve fuzzy web planning model problems, which are queuing system problems for designing web servers. We apply fuzzy probabilities to the queuing system models with customers arrival rate l and servers?service rate m, and then compute fuzzy system performance variables, including Utilization, Number (of requests in the System, Throughput, and Response Time. For the fuzzy optimization method, we apply two-step calculation, first use fuzzy calculation to get the maximum and minimum values of fuzzy steady state probabilities, and then we compute the fuzzy system performance variables. For the simulation method, we use one-step normal queuing theory to simulate the whole system performance and its variables. We deal with queuing systems with a single server and multiple servers?cases, and compare the results of these two cases, giving a mathematical explanation of the difference. Keywords: Fuzzy Optimization, Normal Simulation, Queuing Theory, Web Planning Model.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨小龙; 谭学治; 关凯
2015-01-01
Cognitive radio can significantly improve spectrum eﬃciency by temporarily sharing under-utilized licensed fre-quency with primary users. Its spectrum management framework consists of four parts: spectrum sensing, spectrum decision, spectrum sharing and spectrum handoff. The last part is what we focus on in this paper. Spectrum handoff, which aims at guaranteeing requirement for service of secondary users and shortening time delay produced by interrup-tion from primary users, is an important functionality of cognitive radio networks. For solving the problem of optimizing the extended data delivery time, a spectrum handoff model is proposed based on the preemptive resume priority M/G/m queuing theory. In order to minimize the extended data delivery time, the queuing method with mixed queuing and parallel service is adopted. In this model, each channel has its own high-priority queue and there is only one low-priority queue for all secondary users. The primary and secondary users respectively enter into the high-priority and low-priority queue to establish corresponding primary connections and secondary connections and execute corresponding data trans-mission. On the above basis, secondary users’ channel usage behaviors are thoroughly analyzed in the cases of multiple secondary users, multiple licensed channels and multiple spectrum handoffs. In this process, when multiple interruptions occur, the secondary user will stay on the current channel and suspend data transmission until primary users finish their data transmission, otherwise the secondary user will switch from the current channel to the predetermined target channel to resume his unfinished data transmission. The target channel is sequentially obtained from the target channel sequence, which is determined by channel parameter estimation algorithm. Based on the analysis of channel usage behaviors for secondary users, the total time delay caused by spectrum handoffs within the whole data transmission
Performance Analysis of Heterogeneous Data Centers in Cloud Computing Using a Complex Queuing Model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wei-Hua Bai
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Performance evaluation of modern cloud data centers has attracted considerable research attention among both cloud providers and cloud customers. In this paper, we investigate the heterogeneity of modern data centers and the service process used in these heterogeneous data centers. Using queuing theory, we construct a complex queuing model composed of two concatenated queuing systems and present this as an analytical model for evaluating the performance of heterogeneous data centers. Based on this complex queuing model, we analyze the mean response time, the mean waiting time, and other important performance indicators. We also conduct simulation experiments to confirm the validity of the complex queuing model. We further conduct numerical experiments to demonstrate that the traffic intensity (or utilization of each execution server, as well as the configuration of server clusters, in a heterogeneous data center will impact the performance of the system. Our results indicate that our analytical model is effective in accurately estimating the performance of the heterogeneous data center.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王龙; 陈京荣
2012-01-01
Supposing that both arrival rata and saturation flow rata of vehicles at signalized intersection are random variables and they are suitable to Poisson distribution, the queue status at the initial time of red light is studied as the object. Theory of queuing systems with sever vacations is applied to establishing delay model for signalized intersection under non-saturated. According to the process of queue formation and dissipation at entrance lane, the formulation is analyzed and divided into addition delay and random delay, then the formulation of intersection delay is obtained. In the end, based on the analysis and comparison of surveyed data and the result of this paper and the result of literature, the conclusion shows that the model result in this paper is closer to the measured data when saturation is between 0. 4 and 0. 6.%假设信号控制交叉口上车辆的到达率和饱和流率均为服从泊松分布的随机变量,以某一相位红灯初始时刻的排队状态为研究对象,运用休假随机服务系统理论,建立了非饱和状态下的信号交叉口延误模型.根据排队形成和消散的过程,把交叉口进口道上的延误分解成附加延误和随机延误两部分,基于延误三角形和生灭过程的思想,得到了附加延误和随机延误的计算公式,并在此基础上给出了信号交叉口进口道上车辆到达率和饱和流率均服从泊松分布时的车辆平均延误计算公式.将计算结果与交通调查数据和已有文献计算结果进行对比,结果表明当饱和度介于0.4与0.6之间时,模型的计算结果更贴近实测数据.
Virtual queuing at airport security lanes
Lange, de R.; Samoilovich, I.; Rhee, van der B.
2013-01-01
Airports continuously seek opportunities to reduce the security costs without negatively affecting passenger satisfaction. In this paper, we investigate the possibilities of implementing virtual queuing at airport security lanes, by offering some passengers a time window during which they can arrive
A COMBINED LOW LATENCY AND WEIGHTED FAIR QUEUING BASED SCHEDULING OF AN INPUT-QUEUED SWITCH
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. Raghupathikumar
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Input queuing has become dominant and popular building blocks for high speed crossbar switches with many ports and fast line rates because they require minimum speed-up of memory bandwidth. Input Queued switches with finite Virtual Output Queues guarantees QoS performance in terms of throughput and average delay. A switch performs two functions Queuing and Scheduling. Queue Management algorithm manages the size of the queues and drops packets when necessary or appropriate. Scheduling algorithms determine next packet to transfer and solves conflicts with the switching fabric. Fairness and Starvation are another two properties of IQ switches and it is analyzed in finite VOQ in this works. Fairness performs fair allocation of bandwidth among flows and prevents flows from misbehaving flows. Starvation of VOQ prevents serving High priority queue. The motivation behind this study is to schedule the HoL packets queued in finite VOQs by Framing with Low Latency Queuing (LLQ and Weighted Fair Queueing (WFQ. This queueing technique of VOQ is measured in terms of throughput and average delay by fair allocation of bandwidth with WFQ and Starvation-free queue with LLQ.
Nested Fork-Join Queuing Networks and Their Application to Mobility Airfield Operations Analysis.
1997-03-01
Method. The accuracy of this approximation is similar to that of its single-class counterpart. A similar approach is used by Di Mascolo, Frein , Baynat and...et en Automatique , 1985. [9] Baccelli, F. and Z. Liu. "On the execution of parallel programs on multipro- cessor systems-a queuing theory approach...Le Chesnay, France: Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique , 1986. [16] Baccelli, F., and others. "Acyclic fork-join
Modelling trafﬁc congestion using queuing networks
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Tushar Raheja
2010-08-01
Trafﬁc studies have been carried out predominantly using simulation models which are both time and capital intensive. In this paper, an analytical model of uninterrupted single-lane trafﬁc is proposed using queuing analysis. Well-known Trafﬁc Flow-Density diagrams are obtained using simple Jackson queuing network analysis. Such simple analytical models can be used to capture the effect of nonhomogenous trafﬁc.
Price Dispersion and Short Run Equilibrium in a Queuing Model
Michael Sattinger
2003-01-01
Price dispersion is analyzed in the context of a queuing market where customers enter queues to acquire a good or service and may experience delays. With menu costs, price dispersion arises and can persist in the medium and long run. The queuing market rations goods in the same way whether firm prices are optimal or not. Price dispersion reduces the rate at which customers get the good and reduces customer welfare.
Limit Theorems For Closed Queuing Networks With Excess Of Servers
Tsitsiashvili, G.
2013-01-01
In this paper limit theorems for closed queuing networks with excess of servers are formulated and proved. First theorem is a variant of the central limit theorem and is proved using classical results of V.I. Romanovskiy for discrete Markov chains. Second theorem considers a convergence to chi square distribution. These theorems are mainly based on an assumption of servers excess in queuing nodes.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈文锋
2016-01-01
Combined with electric vehicles queuing theory model,study demand mode charging stations,locating and sizing issues in the city.With the expected model,with the greatest tolerance system service charge demand response time expectations based on response time maximum as the objective function to create a long electric vehicle charging station when locating and sizing models.Sensitivity analysis and numerical simulation and analysis of influence of various factors on the results.%结合电动汽车排队论模型，研究点需求模式下城区内充电站选址定容问题。借助期望模型，以最大容忍响应时间内系统所服务充电需求的期望值最大为目标函数，建立一个基于响应时间时长的电动汽车充电站选址定容模型。并且利用数值仿真实验进行灵敏度分析，分析各个影响因素对实验结果的影响。
Weighted Priority Queuing: A New Scheduling Strategy for Web Services
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Randa. Hammami
2017-02-01
Full Text Available Web services are considered as one of the best and most widespread solution for handling the interoperability problem and the challenge of integration. The proliferation of Web services over the Internet becomes more and more significant. They are henceforth playing an important role in several fields such as ehealth, e-commerce and e-learning. Thus, one important question arises: how to manage Web services more efficiently? It is a key problem to the Web services based- applications at present especially that the need to enhance the Quality of Services (QoS is constantly growing: the better the QoS are, the more the users are satisfied. This has spurred the study of scheduling algorithms for providing QoS guarantees. In this paper we put the light on the Web services requests scheduling strategies on the server side. In fact, we present a brief overview and a comparative evaluation of three queuing scheduling disciplines for Web services, which are: First in First out (FIFO, Priority Queuing (PQ and Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ. Then, we put forward a new scheduling strategy based on two wellknown strategies namely: Priority Queuing and Weighted Fair Queuing. The experimental results highlight the merits and shortcomings of each scheduling discipline in addition to its performance in terms of: execution time, communication time and response time
Queuing Network Analysis on Hybrid Flow Shop Scheduling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fuqing Zhao
2012-11-01
Full Text Available In this study, we consider a queuing model extension for a production system composed of several parallel machines and the same number of transporters. To obtain the minimum waiting time of the jobs in the queue, we present an exact solution for the proposed queuing model. The solution integrates M/M/C system with M/M/1 system. We obtain explicit expressions for its steady-state behavior under M/M/C and M/M/1 assumptions. Further, in order to illustrate the usefulness of the proposed methods, numerical examples are solved. On the basis of the results of these examples, some important conclusions are drawn.
A tutorial on queuing and trunking with applications to communications
Tranter, William H
2012-01-01
The motivation for developing this synthesis lecture was to provide a tutorial on queuing and trunking, with extensions to networks of queues, suitable for supplementing courses in communications, stochastic processes, and networking. An essential component of this lecture is MATLAB-based demonstrations and exercises, which can be easily modified to enable the student to observe and evaluate the impact of changing parameters, arrival and departure statistics, queuing disciplines, the number of servers, and other important aspects of the underlying system model. Much of the work in this lecture
Efficient heuristics for simulating rare events in queuing networks
Zaburnenko, T.S.
2008-01-01
In this thesis we propose state-dependent importance sampling heuristics to estimate the probability of population overflow in queuing networks. These heuristics capture state-dependence along the boundaries (when one or more queues are almost empty) which is crucial for the asymptotic efficiency of
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Raimi Oluwole Abiodun
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Comparative study of two selected banks (Wema & Skye Bank in Owo Local Government Area of Ondo state was investigated. The research study employed a queuing model for both banking system to measure the behavioural queuing characteristics of customers in terms of their arrival and service rate respectively. The data for the arrival and service rate of the two banks were collected simultaneously at the space of three days. The data collected was also analysed separately with respect to the queuing theory parameters ( . Findings showed that Wema bank has a high waiting service time value (0.019% which may have a negative significant effect on customers on waiting lines. When compared with Skye bank, we realized that Skye bank has an advantageous effect of service time value (0.000022% which will have a positive significant effect on customers in experiencing little or no queue at all. This clearly indicates that for optimum efficiency in the banks, there is need to increase the number of servers. Also, the result of the respective banks shows that waiting lines reduces when the number of servers increases. The analysis in this study is very effective and practical, and is hereby recommended for the management of the banks to review for better efficiency and performance.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kumar Rakesh
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Customer impatience has a very negative impact on the queuing system under investigation. If we talk from business point of view, the firms lose their potential customers due to customer impatience, which affects their business as a whole. If the firms employ certain customer retention strategies, then there are chances that a certain fraction of impatient customers can be retained in the queuing system. A reneged customer may be convinced to stay in the queuing system for his further service with some probability, say q and he may abandon the queue without receiving the service with a probability p(=1− q. A finite waiting space Markovian single-server queuing model with discouraged arrivals, reneging and retention of reneged customers is studied. The steady state solution of the model is derived iteratively. The measures of effectiveness of the queuing model are also obtained. Some important queuing models are derived as special cases of this model.
An application of a queuing model for sea states
Loffredo, L.; Monbaliu, J.; Anderson, C.
2012-04-01
Unimodal approaches in design practice have shown inconsistencies in terms of directionality and limitations for accurate sea states description. Spectral multimodality needs to be included in the description of the wave climate. It can provide information about the coexistence of different wave systems originating from different meteorological events, such as locally generated wind waves and swell systems from distant storms. A 20 years dataset (1989-2008) for a location on the North Sea (K13, 53.2°N 3.2°E) has been retrieved from the ECMWF ERA- Interim re-analysis data archive, providing a consistent and homogeneous dataset. The work focuses on the joint and conditional probability distributions of wind sea and swell systems. For marine operations and design applications, critical combinations of wave systems may exist. We define a critical sea state on the basis of a set of thresholds, which can be not necessarily extreme, the emphasis is given to the dangerous combination of different wave systems concerning certain operations (i.e. small vessels navigation, dredging). The distribution of non-operability windows is described by a point process model with random and independent events, whose occurrences and lengths can be described only probabilistically. These characteristics allow to treat the emerging patterns as a part of a queuing system. According to this theory, generally adopted for several applications including traffic flows and waiting lines, the input process describes the sequence of requests for a service and the service mechanism the length of time that these requests will occupy the facilities. For weather-driven processes at sea an alternating renewal process appears as a suitable model. It consists of a sequence of critical events (period of inoperability), each of random duration, separated by calms, also of random durations. Inoperability periods and calms are assumed independent. In this model it is not possible more than one critical
Time-varying priority queuing models for human dynamics.
Jo, Hang-Hyun; Pan, Raj Kumar; Kaski, Kimmo
2012-06-01
Queuing models provide insight into the temporal inhomogeneity of human dynamics, characterized by the broad distribution of waiting times of individuals performing tasks. We theoretically study the queuing model of an agent trying to execute a task of interest, the priority of which may vary with time due to the agent's "state of mind." However, its execution is disrupted by other tasks of random priorities. By considering the priority of the task of interest either decreasing or increasing algebraically in time, we analytically obtain and numerically confirm the bimodal and unimodal waiting time distributions with power-law decaying tails, respectively. These results are also compared to the updating time distribution of papers in arXiv.org and the processing time distribution of papers in Physical Review journals. Our analysis helps to understand human task execution in a more realistic scenario.
Time-Varying Priority Queuing Models for Human Dynamics
Jo, Hang-Hyun; Kaski, Kimmo
2011-01-01
Queuing models provide insight into the temporal inhomogeneity of human dynamics, characterized by the broad distribution of waiting times of individuals performing tasks. We study the queuing model of an agent trying to execute a task of interest, the priority of which may vary with time due to the agent's "state of mind." However, its execution can be disrupted by other tasks of random priorities. By considering the priority of the task of interest either decreasing or increasing algebraically in time, we analytically obtain and numerically confirm the bimodal and unimodal waiting time distributions with power-law decaying tails, respectively. These results are also compared to the updating time distribution of papers in the arXiv and the processing time distribution of papers in Physical Review journals. Our analysis helps to understand the human task execution behavior in a more realistic scenario.
STF: PROVIDE RATE GUARANTEES IN INPUT-QUEUED SWITCH
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Wenjie; Wei Gang
2002-01-01
A QoS-aware input-queued scheduling algorithm, called Smallest Timestamp First (STF), is proposed, which is improved upon iSLIP and can allocate bandwidth among inputs sharing a common output based on their reservation by assigning suitable finishing timestamps to contending cells. STF can also provide isolation between flows that share a common output link.Misbehaving flows will be restricted to guarantee the behaving flows' bandwidth. Simulatious prove the feasibility of our algorithm.
Finite Block-Length Achievable Rates for Queuing Timing Channels
2011-01-01
The exponential server timing channel is known to be the simplest, and in some sense canonical, queuing timing channel. The capacity of this infinite-memory channel is known. Here, we discuss practical finite-length restrictions on the codewords and attempt to understand the amount of maximal rate that can be achieved for a target error probability. By using Markov chain analysis, we prove a lower bound on the maximal channel coding rate achievable at blocklength $n$ and error probability $...
M｜M｜c｜ Queuing Model and Its Application in the Supermarket Management%M｜M｜c｜∞排队模型及其在超市管理中的应用
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王丙参; 李玉玲; 魏艳华
2012-01-01
The paper studies the supermarket queuing system by using Random dynamic theory, establishes queuing mode and obtains the supermarket queue indexes by testing Poisson distribution with spss software which can provide reference for the supermarket management.%文章采用随机动态理论对超市排队系统进行研究，建立了M｜M｜c｜∞模型，用spss软件对客流量进行泊松检验，得到了超市的一些排队指标，对超市的人员管理具有一定的参考价值．
Reducing external speedup requirements for input-queued crossbars
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Berger, Michael Stubert
2005-01-01
This paper presents a modified architecture for an input queued switch that reduces external speedup. Maximal size scheduling algorithms for input-buffered crossbars requires a speedup between port card and switch card. The speedup is typically in the range of 2, to compensate for the scheduler...... performance degradation. This implies, that the required bandwidth between port card and switch card is 2 times the actual port speed, adding to cost and complexity. To reduce this bandwidth, a modified architecture is proposed that introduces a small amount of input and output memory on the switch card chip...
Autocorrelation in queuing network-type production systems - revisited
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Erland Hejn
2007-01-01
In managing production systems, a strong emphasis is placed on the reduction of variance in specific transformation processes (e.g. for quality control purposes) and on controlling the level of variability in general, as for instance with the Bullwhip effect. However, the possible disturbing......, either production managers are missing important aspects in production planning, or the 'realistic' autocorrelation patterns inherent in actual production setups are not like those considered in the literature. In this paper, relevant and 'realistic' types of autocorrelation schemes are characterised...... and their levels discussed. The paper puts previous works on the impact of autocorrelation in queuing networks in perspective for production systems....
Bremer, H; Ehrenberg, M
1995-05-17
A recently reported comparison of stable RNA (rRNA, tRNA) and mRNA synthesis rates in ppGpp-synthesizing and ppGpp-deficient (delta relA delta spoT) bacteria has suggested that ppGpp inhibits transcription initiation from stable RNA promoters, as well as synthesis of (bulk) mRNA. Inhibition of stable RNA synthesis occurs mainly during slow growth of bacteria when cytoplasmic levels of ppGpp are high. In contrast, inhibition of mRNA occurs mainly during fast growth when ppGpp levels are low, and it is associated with a partial inactivation of RNA polymerase. To explain these observations it has been proposed that ppGpp causes transcriptional pausing and queuing during the synthesis of mRNA. Polymerase queuing requires high rates of transcription initiation in addition to polymerase pausing, and therefore high concentrations of free RNA polymerase. These conditions are found in fast growing bacteria. Furthermore, the RNA polymerase queues lead to a promoter blocking when RNA polymerase molecules stack up from the pause site back to the (mRNA) promoter. This occurs most frequently at pause sites close to the promoter. Blocking of mRNA promoters diverts RNA polymerase to stable RNA promoters. In this manner ppGpp could indirectly stimulate synthesis of stable RNA at high growth rates. In the present work a mathematical analysis, based on the theory of queuing, is presented and applied to the global control of transcription in bacteria. This model predicts the in vivo distribution of RNA polymerase over stable RNA and mRNA genes for both ppGpp-synthesizing and ppGpp-deficient bacteria in response to different environmental conditions. It also shows how small changes in basal ppGpp concentrations can produce large changes in the rate of stable RNA synthesis.
Queuing Time Prediction Using WiFi Positioning Data in an Indoor Scenario.
Shu, Hua; Song, Ci; Pei, Tao; Xu, Lianming; Ou, Yang; Zhang, Libin; Li, Tao
2016-11-22
Queuing is common in urban public places. Automatically monitoring and predicting queuing time can not only help individuals to reduce their wait time and alleviate anxiety but also help managers to allocate resources more efficiently and enhance their ability to address emergencies. This paper proposes a novel method to estimate and predict queuing time in indoor environments based on WiFi positioning data. First, we use a series of parameters to identify the trajectories that can be used as representatives of queuing time. Next, we divide the day into equal time slices and estimate individuals' average queuing time during specific time slices. Finally, we build a nonstandard autoregressive (NAR) model trained using the previous day's WiFi estimation results and actual queuing time to predict the queuing time in the upcoming time slice. A case study comparing two other time series analysis models shows that the NAR model has better precision. Random topological errors caused by the drift phenomenon of WiFi positioning technology (locations determined by a WiFi positioning system may drift accidently) and systematic topological errors caused by the positioning system are the main factors that affect the estimation precision. Therefore, we optimize the deployment strategy during the positioning system deployment phase and propose a drift ratio parameter pertaining to the trajectory screening phase to alleviate the impact of topological errors and improve estimates. The WiFi positioning data from an eight-day case study conducted at the T3-C entrance of Beijing Capital International Airport show that the mean absolute estimation error is 147 s, which is approximately 26.92% of the actual queuing time. For predictions using the NAR model, the proportion is approximately 27.49%. The theoretical predictions and the empirical case study indicate that the NAR model is an effective method to estimate and predict queuing time in indoor public areas.
Queuing model of a traffic bottleneck with bimodal arrival rate
Woelki, Marko
2016-06-01
This paper revisits the problem of tuning the density in a traffic bottleneck by reduction of the arrival rate when the queue length exceeds a certain threshold, studied recently for variants of totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) and Burgers equation. In the present approach, a simple finite queuing system is considered and its contrasting “phase diagram” is derived. One can observe one jammed region, one low-density region and one region where the queue length is equilibrated around the threshold. Despite the simplicity of the model the physics is in accordance with the previous approach: The density is tuned at the threshold if the exit rate lies in between the two arrival rates.
AN EFFICIENT SCHEDULING ALGORITHM FOR INPUT-QUEUED SWITCHES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hu Qingsheng; Sun Yuan; Han Jiangtao
2007-01-01
This letter presents an efficient scheduling algorithm DTRR (Dual-Threshold Round Robin) for input-queued switches. In DTRR, a new matched input and output by round robin in a cell time will be locked by two self-adaptive thresholds whenever the queue length or the wait-time of the head cell in the corresponding Virtual Output Queue (VOQ) exceeds the thresholds. The locked input and output will be matched directly in the succeeding cell time until they are unlocked.By employing queue length and wait-time thresholds which are updated every cell time simultaneously, DTRR achieves a good tradeoff between the performance and hardware complexity. Simulation results indicate that the delay performance of DTRR is competitive compared to other typical scheduling algorithms under various traffic patterns especially under diagonal traffic.
Design and Implementation of an M/M/1 Queuing Model Algorithm ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
simulation using the Queuing Model Simulator (QMS), simulation software which computes the mean ... electrical interference, base level fluctuations, and absence of numeric readouts and alarms. In ..... Mathematical Statistics 24 (3). [4].
Modeling and simulation of M/M/c queuing pharmacy system with adjustable parameters
Rashida, A. R.; Fadzli, Mohammad; Ibrahim, Safwati; Goh, Siti Rohana
2016-02-01
This paper studies a discrete event simulation (DES) as a computer based modelling that imitates a real system of pharmacy unit. M/M/c queuing theo is used to model and analyse the characteristic of queuing system at the pharmacy unit of Hospital Tuanku Fauziah, Kangar in Perlis, Malaysia. The input of this model is based on statistical data collected for 20 working days in June 2014. Currently, patient waiting time of pharmacy unit is more than 15 minutes. The actual operation of the pharmacy unit is a mixed queuing server with M/M/2 queuing model where the pharmacist is referred as the server parameters. DES approach and ProModel simulation software is used to simulate the queuing model and to propose the improvement for queuing system at this pharmacy system. Waiting time for each server is analysed and found out that Counter 3 and 4 has the highest waiting time which is 16.98 and 16.73 minutes. Three scenarios; M/M/3, M/M/4 and M/M/5 are simulated and waiting time for actual queuing model and experimental queuing model are compared. The simulation results show that by adding the server (pharmacist), it will reduce patient waiting time to a reasonable improvement. Almost 50% average patient waiting time is reduced when one pharmacist is added to the counter. However, it is not necessary to fully utilize all counters because eventhough M/M/4 and M/M/5 produced more reduction in patient waiting time, but it is ineffective since Counter 5 is rarely used.
A CATASTROPHIC-CUM-RESTORATIVE QUEUING SYSTEM WITH CORRELATED BATCH ARRIVALS AND VARIABLE CAPACITY
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Rakesh Kumar
2008-07-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study a catastrophic-cum-restorative queuing system with correlated batch arrivals and service in batches of variable sizes. We perform the transient analysis of the queuing model. We obtain the Laplace Transform of the probability generating function of system size. Finally, some particular cases of the model have been derived and discussed. Keywords: Queue length, Catastrophes, Correlated batch arrivals, Broadband services, Variable service capacity, and Restoration.
Discrete Event Simulation Models for CT Examination Queuing in West China Hospital.
Luo, Li; Liu, Hangjiang; Liao, Huchang; Tang, Shijun; Shi, Yingkang; Guo, Huili
2016-01-01
In CT examination, the emergency patients (EPs) have highest priorities in the queuing system and thus the general patients (GPs) have to wait for a long time. This leads to a low degree of satisfaction of the whole patients. The aim of this study is to improve the patients' satisfaction by designing new queuing strategies for CT examination. We divide the EPs into urgent type and emergency type and then design two queuing strategies: one is that the urgent patients (UPs) wedge into the GPs' queue with fixed interval (fixed priority model) and the other is that the patients have dynamic priorities for queuing (dynamic priority model). Based on the data from Radiology Information Database (RID) of West China Hospital (WCH), we develop some discrete event simulation models for CT examination according to the designed strategies. We compare the performance of different strategies on the basis of the simulation results. The strategy that patients have dynamic priorities for queuing makes the waiting time of GPs decrease by 13 minutes and the degree of satisfaction increase by 40.6%. We design a more reasonable CT examination queuing strategy to decrease patients' waiting time and increase their satisfaction degrees.
On queue-size scaling for input-queued switches
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Devavrat Shah
2016-11-01
Full Text Available We study the optimal scaling of the expected total queue size in an n×n input-queued switch, as a function of the number of ports n and the load factor ρ, which has been conjectured to be Θ(n/(1−ρ (cf. [15]. In a recent work [16], the validity of this conjecture has been established for the regime where 1−ρ=O(1/n2. In this paper, we make further progress in the direction of this conjecture. We provide a new class of scheduling policies under which the expected total queue size scales as O(n1.5(1−ρ−1log(1/(1−ρ when 1−ρ=O(1/n. This is an improvement over the state of the art; for example, for ρ=1−1/n the best known bound was O(n3, while ours is O(n2.5logn.
Sick of queuing? The Registration Service has the answer
Antonella Del Rosso
2015-01-01
At the beginning of the year, CERN's Registration Service, in its fully renovated premises, launched a new initiative to save you time and to optimise the work of its staff. One free-to-download application, two ticket printers and three screens: behind this simple-looking system sits an ingenious process (see the slideshow) that will enable you to avoid long waiting times at CERN's Registration Service. The Service delivers some 22 000 badges each year, reaching a peak of 700 per week, and is therefore one of the few places at CERN where queuing is the norm. But that could all change thanks to Qminder, an app that allows users to monitor the waiting times in Building 55 from their smartphones. From today, you can take a virtual ticket using your device and see how long you will have to wait before your case is handled by the next available member of staff. “The system can also provide statistics on waiting times in the various registration service...
Study on Message Queuing Technology :Overview and a Case Study%消息队列技术研究:综述与一个实例
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周世杰; 刘锦德; 秦志光
2002-01-01
The features and applications of message queuing technology are analyzed.After discussing the communication mode of message queuing,the differences among message queuing,remote procedure call and distributed transaction processing are clarified.Then,several kinds of application design patterns used in common application scenarios are carefully considered.Finally,how to design a real middileware system adopting message queuing technology is explained in detail.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yi Zhao
2017-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the headway distribution of queued vehicles (less than 16 vehicles at signalized intersections. Existing studies usually take the average statistics of headway at any queuing place. When different percentile points of statistical data are assigned to headway, the passing rate (the rate of all queued vehicles passing the stop line under the ideal signal timing scheme varies. When selecting the mean value, the passing rate of a queue of fewer than 16 vehicles is no more than 65%. When selecting 75% as the percentile, the passing rate is up to 94%. The queue length also decides the assigned percentile of headway to ensure the passing rate reaches a certain level. The value assignation of headway directly affects lane capacity and start-up loss time. This paper provides a new perspective on parameter calibration and will make the signal timing algorithm method more effective.
Assessing the Queuing Process Using Data Envelopment Analysis: an Application in Health Centres.
Safdar, Komal A; Emrouznejad, Ali; Dey, Prasanta K
2016-01-01
Queuing is one of the very important criteria for assessing the performance and efficiency of any service industry, including healthcare. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is one of the most widely-used techniques for performance measurement in healthcare. However, no queue management application has been reported in the health-related DEA literature. Most of the studies regarding patient flow systems had the objective of improving an already existing Appointment System. The current study presents a novel application of DEA for assessing the queuing process at an Outpatients' department of a large public hospital in a developing country where appointment systems do not exist. The main aim of the current study is to demonstrate the usefulness of DEA modelling in the evaluation of a queue system. The patient flow pathway considered for this study consists of two stages; consultation with a doctor and pharmacy. The DEA results indicated that waiting times and other related queuing variables included need considerable minimisation at both stages.
A hybrid queuing strategy for network traffic on scale-free networks
Cai, Kai-Quan; Yu, Lu; Zhu, Yan-Bo
2017-02-01
In this paper, a hybrid queuing strategy (HQS) is proposed in traffic dynamics model on scale-free networks, where the delivery priority of packets in the queue is related to their distance to destination and the queue length of next jump. We compare the performance of the proposed HQS with that of the traditional first-in-first-out (FIFO) queuing strategy and the shortest-remaining-path-first (SRPF) queuing strategy proposed by Du et al. It is observed that the network traffic efficiency utilizing HQS with suitable value of parameter h can be further improved in the congestion state. Our work provides new insights for the understanding of the networked-traffic systems.
AN M/M/1/N FEEDBACK QUEUING SYSTEM WITH REVERSE BALKING
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Rakesh Kumar
2015-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper we develop an M/M/1/N feedback queuing system with reverse balking. Reverse balking is a type of customer behavior according to which an arriving customer joins a system with high probability if he encounters large system size and vice-versa. This behavior of a customer can be observed in many businesses such as investment. Feedback customer in queuing literature refers to a customer who is unsatisfied with incomplete, partial or unsatisfactory service. We derive the steady-state solution of the model and obtain some important measures of performance. Sensitivity analysis of the model is also performed with respect to the parameters involved.
A stochastic analysis of goods allocation by queuing and the prevention of violence
2010-01-01
When demand for a good exceeds its supply, queuing mechanisms are commonly used to allocate the good in question to citizens. However, very long queues result in excessive wait times and this can lead to violence. As such, the purpose of this paper is to analyze two stochastic models of goods allocation with queuing and the possibility of violence. In the first model, there is no capacity constraint. Using this model, we compute the long run delay per citizen in allocating the pertinent good....
On a two-server finite queuing system with ordered entry and deterministic arrivals
Nawijn, W.M.
1984-01-01
Consider a two-server, ordered entry, queuing system with heterogeneous servers and finite waiting rooms in front of the servers. Service times are negative exponentially distributed. The arrival process is deterministic. A matrix solution for the steady state probabilities of the number of
Efficient round-robin multicast scheduling for input-queued switches
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Anders; Yu, Hao; Ruepp, Sarah Renée
2014-01-01
problem. Using a separate queue for each output port at an input to reduce the HOL blocking, that is, the virtual output queuing discipline, increases the implementation complexity, which limits the scalability. Given the increasing link speed and network capacity, a low-complexity yet efficient multicast...
MODELING QUEUING SYSTEM OF INTERACTION BETWEEN TERMINAL DEVICES AND SERVICES PROVIDERS IN THE BANK
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Ivan A. Mnatsakanyan
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The article focuses on the development of mathematical models and tools to optimize the system of queuing at the bank. The article discusses the mathematical aspects that will achieve redistribution of transaction flow, reduce the time of the request in the queue, increase the bank’s profit and gain competitive advantage.
Zhengbin Luo; Dongmei Sun
2013-01-01
To evaluate the performance of biological database based on layered queuing network model and under cloud computing environment is a premise, as well as an important step for biological database optimization. Based on predecessors’ researches concerning computer software and hardware performance evaluation under cloud environment, the study has further constructed a model system to evaluate the performance of biological database based on layered queuing network model and under cloud environme...
TWO-LEVEL HIERARCHICAL COORDINATION QUEUING METHOD FOR TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK NODES
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M. V. Semenyaka
2014-07-01
Full Text Available The paper presents hierarchical coordination queuing method. Within the proposed method a queuing problem has been reduced to optimization problem solving that was presented as two-level hierarchical structure. The required distribution of flows and bandwidth allocation was calculated at the first level independently for each macro-queue; at the second level solutions obtained on lower level for each queue were coordinated in order to prevent probable network link overload. The method of goal coordination has been determined for multilevel structure managing, which makes it possible to define the order for consideration of queue cooperation restrictions and calculation tasks distribution between levels of hierarchy. Decisions coordination was performed by the method of Lagrange multipliers. The study of method convergence has been carried out by analytical modeling.
Application of dynamic priorities for controlling the characteristics of a queuing system
Polyanskiy, S. V.; Katsman, Yu Ya
2017-01-01
This paper considers the development and modification of an imitation model of a queuing system. The initial model uses the laws of control (discipline of expectation and service) with mixed priorities. The work investigates the model with three types of entities (absolute priority, relative priority and priority-free ones) in the regime of overload, i.e. a system with losses. Verification and validation of the created imitation model confirmed its adequateness and accuracy of received results. The application of dynamic priorities for changing the laws of model control substantially alters certain system characteristics. The creation of the model in MatLab Simulink environment with the use of SimEvents and Stateflow library modules allowed creating a fairly complex queuing system and obtain new interesting results.
User Utility Oriented Queuing Model for Resource Allocation in Cloud Environment
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Zhe Zhang
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Resource allocation is one of the most important research topics in servers. In the cloud environment, there are massive hardware resources of different kinds, and many kinds of services are usually run on virtual machines of the cloud server. In addition, cloud environment is commercialized, and economical factor should also be considered. In order to deal with commercialization and virtualization of cloud environment, we proposed a user utility oriented queuing model for task scheduling. Firstly, we modeled task scheduling in cloud environment as an M/M/1 queuing system. Secondly, we classified the utility into time utility and cost utility and built a linear programming model to maximize total utility for both of them. Finally, we proposed a utility oriented algorithm to maximize the total utility. Massive experiments validate the effectiveness of our proposed model.
APPLICATION OF THE SINGLE SERVER QUEUING SYSTEM ANALYSIS IN WOOD PRODUCTS INDUSTRY
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Arif GÜRAY
2001-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of this study, simulated of the single server queuing system(CNC at the door-joinery facilities. We simulated the system both by hand and computer programming with SIMAN languages. From the obtained results, we aimed to provide some suggestions to the manager. Because, the ending of the study, simulation showed the real system in some hypothesis. As a result of simulated system will have long queues in future time.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
The performance of ATM switches are mainly influenced by switching fabric and scheduling algorithms. Input buffered switches have the strong advantage of efficient crossbar usage. This paper presents an input-queued crossbar switches fabric supporting high speed switching, analyzes the scheduling algorithms for unicast trafficts and multicast traffic based on virtual output queueing (VOQ).Focusing on their performance issues, some typical schedulers are compared.
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Darmawan Darmawan
2017-09-01
Full Text Available Voice over IP (VoIP adalah solusi komunikasi suara yang murah karena menggunakan jaringan IP dibanding penggunaan telephone analog yang banyak memakan biaya. Dalam penerapannya, VoIP mengalami permasalahan karena menggunakan teknologi packet switching yang mana penggunaannya bersamaan dengan paket data sehingga timbul delay, jitter, dan packet loss. Pada penelitian ini, algoritma Low Latency Queuing (LLQ diterapkan pada router cisco. Algoritma LLQ merupakan gabungan dari algoritma Priority Queuing (PQ dan Class Based Weight Fair Queuing (CBWFQ sehingga dapat memprioritaskan paket suara disamping paket data. Algoritma LLQ ini diujikan menggunakan codec GSM FR, G722, dan G711 A-law. Hasil pengujian didapatkan nilai parameter yang tidak jauh berbeda dan memenuhi standar ITU-T.G1010. Nilai delay rata - rata terendah yaitu ketika menggunakan codec G722 sebesar 20,019 ms tetapi G722 memiliki rata - rata jitter yang terbesar yaitu 0,986 ms. Codec dengan jitter rata – rata terkecil adalah G711 A-law sebesar 0,838 ms. Packet loss untuk semua codec yang diujikan adalah 0%. Throughput pada paket data terbesar saat menggunakan codec GSM FR yaitu 18,139 kbps. Codec yang direkomendasikan adalah G711 A-law karena lebih stabil dari segi jitter dan codec GSM FR cocok diimplementasikan pada jaringan yang memiliki bandwitdh kecil.
Lin, Cheng-Jhe; Wu, Changxu
2012-01-01
Numerical typing is an important perceptual-motor task whose performance may vary with different pacing, finger strategies and urgency of situations. Queuing network-model human processor (QN-MHP), a computational architecture, allows performance of perceptual-motor tasks to be modelled mathematically. The current study enhanced QN-MHP with a top-down control mechanism, a close-loop movement control and a finger-related motor control mechanism to account for task interference, endpoint reduction, and force deficit, respectively. The model also incorporated neuromotor noise theory to quantify endpoint variability in typing. The model predictions of typing speed and accuracy were validated with Lin and Wu's (2011) experimental results. The resultant root-mean-squared errors were 3.68% with a correlation of 95.55% for response time, and 35.10% with a correlation of 96.52% for typing accuracy. The model can be applied to provide optimal speech rates for voice synthesis and keyboard designs in different numerical typing situations. An enhanced QN-MHP model was proposed in the study to mathematically account for the effects of pacing, finger strategies and internalised urgency on numerical typing performance. The model can be used to provide optimal pacing for voice synthesise systems and suggested optimal numerical keyboard designs under urgency.
Simulation of M/M/m Queuing Model Based on Markov State Transition Process%基于马尔科夫状态转移过程的M/M/m排队模型仿真
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
曹永荣; 韩瑞霞; 胡伟
2012-01-01
马尔科夫链是研究排队系统的主要方法,本文在现有M/M/m排队理论和排队系统仿真理论基础上,利用Matlab建立基于马尔科夫状态转移过程的M/M/m排队模型仿真程序.仿真程序在产生初始化参数设定后,利用时钟推进法来模拟空闲服务台和繁忙服务台情况下的服务流程,最后通过M/M/m模型特征描述的仿真计算,获得平均等待时间(E[W])、平均停机时间(E[ DT])、平均排队队长E[ Q]、系统中的平均客户数(E[L])和可能延迟的概率((Ⅱ))5项重要的特征描述.模拟次数设定为20 000次,模拟客户服务率和客户到达率相同,服务台在3～6个的排队系统,并将仿真结果与理论值以及Queue2.0的模拟结果相比较.最终结果显示E[W]、[DT]和H3项最重要指标的仿真结果和理论值都极为相近,误差范围小,本研究将为优先权排队系统的仿真研究提供理论依据.%Markov chain is the main method for the study of queuing systems. This paper integrates the existing theories of M/M/m queuing system and theories of queuing system simulation, and builds simulation program of M/M/m Queuing Model according to the Markov state transition process using Matlab. The simulation process is as follows. First of all, simulation program initializes the parameter settings, such as service time, the interval of customer arrival, the number of server etc. Secondly, promotes the program used time clock which is based on the arrival time of customers and the end time of service. Thirdly, simulates the free servers and busy servers process when a customer arrived, and recodes the corresponding data. Finally, calculate the M/M/m model's characterized descriptions , included in the average down time (E[ DT] ) , the average waiting time (E[ W]), the average number of queuing customer (E[(Q])＞ the average number of customers in the queuing system( E[ L]) and delay probability (Ⅱ) , based on the simulation formula. Sets the
2010-04-01
... PROGRAM § 661.43 Can other sources of funds be used to finance a queued project in advance of receipt of... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can other sources of funds be used to finance a queued project in advance of receipt of IRRBP funds? 661.43 Section 661.43 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhengbin Luo
2013-06-01
Full Text Available To evaluate the performance of biological database based on layered queuing network model and under cloud computing environment is a premise, as well as an important step for biological database optimization. Based on predecessors’ researches concerning computer software and hardware performance evaluation under cloud environment, the study has further constructed a model system to evaluate the performance of biological database based on layered queuing network model and under cloud environment. Moreover, traditional layered queuing network model is also optimized and upgraded in this process. After having constructed the performance evaluation system, the study applies laboratory experiment method to test the validity of the constructed performance model. Shown by the test result, this model is effective in evaluating the performance of biological system under cloud environment and the predicted result is quite close to the tested result. This has demonstrated the validity of the model in evaluating the performance of biological database.
Modeling and simulation of queuing system for customer service improvement: A case study
Xian, Tan Chai; Hong, Chai Weng; Hawari, Nurul Nazihah
2016-10-01
This study aims to develop a queuing model at UniMall by using discrete event simulation approach in analyzing the service performance that affects customer satisfaction. The performance measures that considered in this model are such as the average time in system, the total number of student served, the number of student in waiting queue, the waiting time in queue as well as the maximum length of buffer. ARENA simulation software is used to develop a simulation model and the output is analyzed. Based on the analysis of output, it is recommended that management of UniMall consider introducing shifts and adding another payment counter in the morning.
Optimal scaling of average queue sizes in an input-queued switch: an open problem
Shah, Devavrat; Tsitsiklis, John N.; Zhong, Yuan
2011-01-01
We review some known results and state a few versions of an open problem related to the scaling of the total queue size (in steady state) in an n×n input-queued switch, as a function of the port number n and the load factor ρ. Loosely speaking, the question is whether the total number of packets in queue, under either the maximum weight policy or under an optimal policy, scales (ignoring any logarithmic factors) as O(n/(1 − ρ)).
Queuing Analysis for IEEE 802.11e Networks in Non-Saturation Environments
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Eui-Jik Kim
2012-04-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an analytical model for the performance evaluation of an IEEE 802.11e network in non‐saturation environments. We first characterize the probability distribution of the MAC layer packet service time. Based on the probability distribution model of the MAC layer packet service time, we then study the queuing performance of the wireless local area networks (WLANs at different traffic loads based on the IEEE 802.11e MAC protocol. The numerical results show that we can choose a feasible number and bandwidth of the node which determines the system performance that a user demands.
DWF2Q＋： A Novel and Efficient Packet Fair Queuing Algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TUXiaodong; LILemin; WANGGuoxing
2003-01-01
A novel packet fair queuing algorithm,Deficit WF2Q+ (DWF2Q+) is proposed in this paper,which combines the characteristics of deficit round robin(DRR) and WF2Q+. DWF2Q+ achieves better delay properties than DRR and lower implementing complex-ity than WF2Q+. DWF2Q+can be implemented by a simple grouping architecture, called grouping per service frequency (GPSF), which can support a large number of sessions. Simulations show that DWF2Q+ has desirable low delay and fairness properties, which make it applica-ble to support both real time and best effort services in the Internet.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nebojša V. Nikolić
2010-10-01
Full Text Available U radu je opisana osnovna ideja metode pod nazivom 'Automatizovano ponavljanje nezavisnih simulacionih eksperimenata sa prikupljanjem statistike slučajnih procesa'. Data je matematička osnova metode i prikazane su preporuke za implementaciju metode u formu algoritma za računarski program. Pregledno su istaknuta potrebna ekspertska znanja za uspešan razvoj konceptualnih i simulacionih modela. Metoda je testirana u istraživanju sistema masovnog opsluživanja. / This paper presents a basic idea of the method entitled 'Automated Independent Replications with Gathering Statistics of Stochastic Processes'. The mathematical foundation of the method is offered, as well as some recommendations for practical implementation of the met hod in the form of a computer program algorithm. A set of different expert knowledge needed for a successful development of conceptual and simulation models is pointed out in a separate review. The method has been tested in the modeling and simulation of queuing systems. Multidisciplinary character of simulation modeling This paper presents a basic idea of the method entitled 'Automated Independent Replications with Gathering Statistics of Stochastic Processes'. A clear review of expert knowledge needed for successful development of a conceptual model as well as a simulation one is offered. Simulation modeling of systems and processes in any military branch assumes a multidisciplinary approach. This is not a consequence of a free choice, but of needs and problems which arise in a research process and which require synchronized use of knowledge from different areas and scientific disciplines. In studies of queuing systems, these disciplines are: queuing theory, probability theory, mathematical statistics, stochastic processes, mathematical analyses, Monte Carlo simulation modeling, computer programming, knowledge about a real system under study, etc. Specific features of real queuing systems Consistency, fidelity or
Innovative Knowledge Management At Disney: Human Capital And Queuing Solutions For Services
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Rachelle F. Cope
2011-04-01
Full Text Available It is well known that most activities in which a service is provided require customers to wait in a queue during the experience. One thing that is inherent in waiting lines is the universal dislike for the process. In fact, the feelings and opinions developed in waiting lines influence the customer’s perception of the awaited experience. In this paper, Disney is used as a case study for queuing solutions. In particular, we examine their implementation of Knowledge Management (KM solutions to improve the waiting line process. The use of Disney cast members as human capital combined with the knowledge of customer preferences has made the FASTPASS an innovative solution to enhance queuing in the Disney theme parks. In the past, KM has been thought of as the collection of technological assets and managerial policies that compensate for information failures. In fact, the individual’s need for human interaction provides the richest opportunity for knowledge acquisition. Disney’s ability to capture customers in virtual queues while giving them a pleasurable waiting experience has made them a leader in KM initiatives in the service industry.
A Novel Queuing Method for DiffServ Traffic over Resilient Packet Ring Networks
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Hadi Khosravi
2008-09-01
Full Text Available Resilient Packet Ring (RPR is a new kind of metropolitan area network which technically provides complete flexibility in defining service classes that can be sold to the end user. On the other side, the IETF Diffserv group has created specific definitions for class based services over IP networks. Hereby, we are going to propose a more effective queuing for RPR which considers the mapping between DiffServ and RPR QOS provisioning mechanisms. This novel method is used to support the requested quality for IP over RPR delivery. Only the standard PHBs have been considered for such a mapping consisting EF (expedited forwarding, AF (assured forwarding, and default PHB. The EF class is preferred to be transmitted via class A, while AF class is more distinctive. AF includes four different flows each including up to three drop precedence. To improve the quality for AF flows, we have proposed a multi-level queuing method considering different levels of drop precedence. The default PHB is also preferred to be mapped as class C traffic. Our proposed method has been investigated using some simulations over NS2. The simulation results have shown superior performance in terms of loss and delay parameters.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shorgin, Sergey Ya.; Pechinkin, Alexander V. [Institute of Informatics Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); Samouylov, Konstantin E.; Gaidamaka, Yuliya V.; Gudkova, Irina A.; Sopin, Eduard S. [Telecommunication Systems Department, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (Russian Federation)
2015-03-10
Cloud computing is promising technology to manage and improve utilization of computing center resources to deliver various computing and IT services. For the purpose of energy saving there is no need to unnecessarily operate many servers under light loads, and they are switched off. On the other hand, some servers should be switched on in heavy load cases to prevent very long delays. Thus, waiting times and system operating cost can be maintained on acceptable level by dynamically adding or removing servers. One more fact that should be taken into account is significant server setup costs and activation times. For better energy efficiency, cloud computing system should not react on instantaneous increase or instantaneous decrease of load. That is the main motivation for using queuing systems with hysteresis for cloud computing system modelling. In the paper, we provide a model of cloud computing system in terms of multiple server threshold-based infinite capacity queuing system with hysteresis and noninstantanuous server activation. For proposed model, we develop a method for computing steady-state probabilities that allow to estimate a number of performance measures.
Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites.
Zheng, Xiao-ying; Chen, De-ren
2004-01-01
Due to e-business's variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multi-class queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently.
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Mingxia Gao
2012-01-01
Full Text Available An analytical dynamic node-based model is proposed to represent flows on a traffic network and to be utilized as an integral part of a dynamic network loading (DNL process by solving a continuous DNL problem. The proposed model formulation has an integrate base to be structured with a link load computing component, where physical queuing and its influence were explicitly taken into account by dividing a link into two parts: running part and queuing part. The solution to the model is obtained by a hybridization algorithm of simulation and analytical approach, where an iteration process is conducted to update time-dependent network flow conditions after a reasonable discretization of the problem. The performance of the proposed model, as a DNL model, is tested on a sample network. It is seen that the proposed model provides consistent approximations to link flow dynamics. The dynamic node model proposed in this paper is unique in that it explicitly models directional queue in each turning lane and the First-In-First-Out (FIFO rule at lane level rather than link level is pursued.
Performance evaluation for an optical hybrid switch with circuit queued reservations
Wong, Eric W. M.; Zukerman, Moshe
2005-11-01
We provide here a new loss model for an optical hybrid switch that can function as an optical burst switch or optical circuit switch or both simultaneously. We introduce the feature of circuit queued reservation. That is, if a circuit request arrives and cannot find a free wavelength, and if there are not too many requests queued for reservations, it may join a queue and wait until such wavelength becomes available. We first present an analysis based on a 3-dimension state-space Markov chain that provides exact results for the blocking probabilities of bursts and circuits. We also provide results for the proportion of circuits that are delayed and the mean delay of the circuits that are delay. Because it is difficult to exactly compute the blocking probability in realistic scenarios with a large number of wavelengths, we derive computationally scalable and accurate approximations which are based on reducing the 3-dimension state space into a single dimension. These scalable approximations that can produce performance results in a fraction of a second can readily enable switch dimensioning.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. P. Oleynik
2015-11-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with domain-driven design applicability of information systems for client queuing subject areas. The following optimality criteria were put forward for the final implementation: the possibility of automation with a single system both for small institution and a whole network of institutions; advanced graphical interface with support for sensor screens; implementation of multi-users account of orders from clients; flexible application architecture with the ability of future enhancement; ability of integration with a variety of peripherals. The necessity of each criterion definition is shown. For implementability estimation, test information system was designed, automating the queuing system. Unified modeling language UML is used. Description of each class functionality is given and the association with other classes as well. Attention is paid to the design of tree (hierarchical structures and selection procedure of base classes based on the analysis of existing common attributes. For the system implementation, its own development environment SharpArchitect RAD Studio is used, offering MDA approach for implementation of systems based on standardized meta object system. A graphical view of order form developed prototype is presented, composition and structure are described, and notation developed by the author is given simplifying the prototyping process. Approaches to differentiation of access rights for different user roles are shown. Conformity of the received implementation to each selected optimality criterion is determined. Recommendations for further system development are given.
Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郑小盈; 陈德人
2004-01-01
Due to e-business' s variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multiclass queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently.
Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHENG Xiao-ying (郑小盈); CHEN De-ren (陈德人)
2004-01-01
Due to e-business's variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multi-class queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently.
Modified weighted fair queuing for packet scheduling in mobile WiMAX networks
Satrya, Gandeva B.; Brotoharsono, Tri
2013-03-01
The increase of user mobility and the need for data access anytime also increases the interest in broadband wireless access (BWA). The best available quality of experience for mobile data service users are assured for IEEE 802.16e based users. The main problem of assuring a high QOS value is how to allocate available resources among users in order to meet the QOS requirement for criteria such as delay, throughput, packet loss and fairness. There is no specific standard scheduling mechanism stated by IEEE standards, which leaves it for implementer differentiation. There are five QOS service classes defined by IEEE 802.16: Unsolicited Grant Scheme (UGS), Extended Real Time Polling Service (ertPS), Real Time Polling Service (rtPS), Non Real Time Polling Service (nrtPS) and Best Effort Service (BE). Each class has different QOS parameter requirements for throughput and delay/jitter constraints. This paper proposes Modified Weighted Fair Queuing (MWFQ) scheduling scenario which was based on Weighted Round Robin (WRR) and Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ). The performance of MWFQ was assessed by using above five QoS criteria. The simulation shows that using the concept of total packet size calculation improves the network's performance.
Redesign of a university hospital preanesthesia evaluation clinic using a queuing theory approach
Zonderland, M.E.; Boer, F.; Boucherie, R.J.; Roode, de A.; Kleef, van J.W.
2009-01-01
Background Changes in patient length of stay (the duration of one visit) as a result of the introduction of an electronic patient file system forced an anesthesia department to change their outpatient clinic organization. The aim of this study is to demonstrate how the involvement of essential emplo
Redesign of a university hospital preanesthesia evaluation clinic using a queuing theory approach
Zonderland, Maartje E.; Boer, Fredrik; Boucherie, Richard J.; Roode, de Annemiek; Kleef, van Jack W.
2009-01-01
BACKGROUND: Changes in patient length of stay (the duration of 1 clinic visit) as a result of the introduction of an electronic patient file system forced an anesthesia department to change its outpatient clinic organization. In this study, we sought to demonstrate how the involvement of essential e
Performance evaluation of railway blocking system based on markov chain and queuing theory
Guo, Jin; Chen, Hongxia; Yang, Yang
2005-12-01
Railway blocking system is the system with the high demanding of real-time performance. Firstly, the tasks and the time limits, which had to be handled for the blocking system, were introduced. The FCFS and the Markov chain were used to set the model for it. By analyzing the performance of the system with the FCFS model found out that it was not satisfied to the real-time performance. Secondly, NPPR model to evaluate the software real-time performance of the blocking processor was proposed. By evaluation, analysis and comparison, the results indicate that the NPPR model is prevail over the model of (M/M/1): (N/N/FCFS) in real-time performance. And the priorities of the tasks in the system should be given according to their time limit. With the principle of (M/M/1): (N/N/NPPR), if the priority was given to the tasks properly, the satisfied real-time performance will be gotten. The models were tested in forms software and the satisfied result has been gotten in practice.
Congestion at Card and Book Catalogs--A Queuing Theory Approach.
Bookstein, Abraham
The question of whether a library's catalog should consist of cards arranged in a single alphabetical order (the "dictionary catalog) or be segregated as a separate file is discussed. Development is extended to encompass related problems involved in the creation of a book catalog. A model to study the effects of congestion at the catalog is…
An application of queuing theory to SIS and SEIS epidemic models.
Hernandez-Suarez, Carlos M; Castillo-Chavez, Carlos; Lopez, Osval Montesinos; Hernandez-Cuevas, Karla
2010-10-01
In this work we consider every individual of a population to be a server whose state can be either busy (infected) or idle (susceptible). This server approach allows to consider a general distribution for the duration of the infectious state, instead of being restricted to exponential distributions. In order to achieve this we first derive new approximations to quasistationary distribution (QSD) of SIS (Susceptible- Infected- Susceptible) and SEIS (Susceptible- Latent- Infected- Susceptible) stochastic epidemic models. We give an expression that relates the basic reproductive number, R0 and the server utilization,p.
Congestion at Card and Book Catalogs--A Queuing-Theory Approach
Bookstein, Abraham
1972-01-01
This paper attempts to analyze the problem of congestion, using a mathematical model shown to be of value in other similar applications. Three criteria of congestion are considered, and it is found that the conclusion one can draw is sensitive to which of these criteria is paramount. (8 references) (Author/NH)
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Hourvash Akbari Haghighinejad
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Background: Hospital emergencies have an essential role in health care systems. In the last decade, developed countries have paid great attention to overcrowding crisis in emergency departments. Simulation analysis of complex models for which conditions will change over time is much more effective than analytical solutions and emergency department (ED is one of the most complex models for analysis. This study aimed to determine the number of patients who are waiting and waiting time in emergency department services in an Iranian hospital ED and to propose scenarios to reduce its queue and waiting time. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which simulation software (Arena, version 14 was used. The input information was extracted from the hospital database as well as through sampling. The objective was to evaluate the response variables of waiting time, number waiting and utilization of each server and test the three scenarios to improve them. Results: Running the models for 30 days revealed that a total of 4088 patients left the ED after being served and 1238 patients waited in the queue for admission in the ED bed area at end of the run (actually these patients received services out of their defined capacity. The first scenario result in the number of beds had to be increased from 81 to179 in order that the number waiting of the “bed area” server become almost zero. The second scenario which attempted to limit hospitalization time in the ED bed area to the third quartile of the serving time distribution could decrease the numberwaiting to 586 patients. Conclusion: Doubling the bed capacity in the emergency department and consequently other resources and capacity appropriately can solve the problem. This includes bed capacity requirement for both critically ill and less critically ill patients. Classification of ED internal sections based on severity of illness instead of medical specialty is another solution.
Modeling the emergency cardiac in-patient flow: an application of queuing theory.
de Bruin, Arnoud M; van Rossum, A C; Visser, M C; Koole, G M
2007-06-01
This study investigates the bottlenecks in the emergency care chain of cardiac in-patient flow. The primary goal is to determine the optimal bed allocation over the care chain given a maximum number of refused admissions. Another objective is to provide deeper insight in the relation between natural variation in arrivals and length of stay and occupancy rates. The strong focus on raising occupancy rates of hospital management is unrealistic and counterproductive. Economies of scale cannot be neglected. An important result is that refused admissions at the First Cardiac Aid (FCA) are primarily caused by unavailability of beds downstream the care chain. Both variability in LOS and fluctuations in arrivals result in large workload variations. Techniques from operations research were successfully used to describe the complexity and dynamics of emergency in-patient flow.
Haghighinejad, Hourvash Akbari; Kharazmi, Erfan; Hatam, Nahid; Yousefi, Sedigheh; Hesami, Seyed Ali; Danaei, Mina; Askarian, Mehrdad
2016-01-01
Hospital emergencies have an essential role in health care systems. In the last decade, developed countries have paid great attention to overcrowding crisis in emergency departments. Simulation analysis of complex models for which conditions will change over time is much more effective than analytical solutions and emergency department (ED) is one of the most complex models for analysis. This study aimed to determine the number of patients who are waiting and waiting time in emergency department services in an Iranian hospital ED and to propose scenarios to reduce its queue and waiting time. This is a cross-sectional study in which simulation software (Arena, version 14) was used. The input information was extracted from the hospital database as well as through sampling. The objective was to evaluate the response variables of waiting time, number waiting and utilization of each server and test the three scenarios to improve them. Running the models for 30 days revealed that a total of 4088 patients left the ED after being served and 1238 patients waited in the queue for admission in the ED bed area at end of the run (actually these patients received services out of their defined capacity). The first scenario result in the number of beds had to be increased from 81 to179 in order that the number waiting of the "bed area" server become almost zero. The second scenario which attempted to limit hospitalization time in the ED bed area to the third quartile of the serving time distribution could decrease the number waiting to 586 patients. Doubling the bed capacity in the emergency department and consequently other resources and capacity appropriately can solve the problem. This includes bed capacity requirement for both critically ill and less critically ill patients. Classification of ED internal sections based on severity of illness instead of medical specialty is another solution.
Out-of-Sequence Prevention for Multicast Input-Queuing Space-Memory-Memory Clos-Network
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yu, Hao; Ruepp, Sarah; Berger, Michael Stübert
2011-01-01
This paper proposes two cell dispatching algorithms for the input-queuing space-memory-memory (IQ-SMM) Closnetwork to reduce out-of-sequence (OOS) for multicast traffic. The frequent connection pattern change of DSRR results in a severe OOS problem. Based on the principle of DSRR, MFDSRR is able...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
曾倩; 张锦; 陈义友
2016-01-01
为解决随机需求下的城乡配送中心选址问题，实现物流服务的效率与公平，结合排队论构建了需求转移规则下的排队选址模型。为体现城乡客户需求特征差异，构建时间满意度函数作为服务水平的衡量指标。将客户与配送中心看作M/M/p排队系统，采用需求可转移的排队规则，运用超立方模型计算配送中心的可用概率。目标函数包括嫉妒最小、基尼系数最小及字典序最大等3类公平目标，以及覆盖需求量最大、满意度最大两类效率目标。设计禁忌搜索算法求解，通过算例对模型和算法进行验证。结果表明，P中位模型下效率最优，最小嫉妒目标下公平最优，而最大字典序目标可以兼顾公平与效率。%To solve the location problem of urban-rural distribution centers under the random demand condition, queuing location models are built combined with queuing theory under a demand transfer rule. And the models focus on both equity goals and efficiency goals. The time satisfaction functions as the measure of service level reflects the differences between urban and rural demands. The system of customers and distribution centers is considered to be an M/M/p queuing system. The queuing discipline allows demands transfer when the distribution center is busy. The hypercube model is provided to calculate the probability of centers being available. The objective functions include equity objectives such as minimizing envy, minimizing Gini coefficient and maximizing lexicographical order, and efficiency objectives such as maximizing demands covered and satisfaction. The models are solved by a tabu search algorithm and tested on a real world data set from the distribution system. It is proved that the P-median model is efficiency optimization; the minimize envy model is equity optimization; the maximize lexicographical order model can achieve the equity-efficiency tradeoff.
A Case Study of Employing A Single Server Nonpreemptive Priority Queuing Model at ATM Machine
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Abdullah Furquan
2015-08-01
Full Text Available This paper discusses a case study of employing a single server nonpreemptivepriorityqueuing model [1]at ATM machine which originally operates on M/M/1 model. In this study we have taken two priority classes of people in following order:- .Priority class 1- woman .Priority class 2- man Sometimea long queue is formed at ATMmachine (single serverbut the bank management don’t have enough money to invest on installing new ATM machine.In this situation we want to apply single server nonpreemptive priority queuing model.The security guard at the ATM will divide the customers in two category and arrange the customers in the above said priority order Thuspriority class 1 people willreceive theatm service ahead of priority class 2 people.This will reduce the waiting time of priority class 1 people. Of course by doing this the waiting time of priority class 2will increase. This is ok as long as the increment in waiting time of priority class2 people is reasonable and within the tolerable limitof priority class 2people.This will be true when percentage of priority class 1 people is relatively less as compared to priority class 2 people To know the attitude and tolerable limit of priority class 2 people towards the single server non preemtive priority model a sample survey has been done on the incomingpriority class 2 population at the atm machine.Against this background, the queuing process is employed with emphasis to Poisson distribution to assess the waiting time. The data for this study was collected from primary source and is limited to ATM service point of state bank of India located at Ramesh chowk, Aurangabad, bihar, India.. The assistance of three colleague was sought in collecting the data. The Interarrival time and service time data was collected during busy working hours (i.e. 10.30am to 4:00pm during the first 60 days. A sample survey was done to know the attitude and tolerable limit of priority class 2people towards the single server
Ship Lock as General Queuing System with Batch Arrivals and Batch Service
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Zoran Radmilović
2007-11-01
Full Text Available The real lock operations with ships and barge convoys areconsidered dependent on the transport technologies applied, ormore precisely, the kinds of ships/convoys requiring thelockage. The fleet can be divided as follows: (1 groups of singleships, (2 pushed and pulled tows of barges and (3 differentcombinations of previous systems (1 and (2. The groups ofships and tows passing through the lock have extremely stochasticcharacteristics thus forming various arrivals and setvicetime patterns. It means that uniform navigation or strongscheduling between locks and lock operations are not possibleeven though highly sophisticated equipment is at disposal.Therefore, in this paper an analytical method was developedusing bulk queuing systems for the analysis and planning oflock requirements supporting it with numerical example. Thedeveloped methodology can be applied to determine the meanqueue length of ships - convoys at lock anchorage, withoutblocking behaviour between upstream and downstream navigationfor single-lane traffic.
Fuzzy-Logic Adaptive Queuing for a Heuristic TCP Performance in Mobile Wireless Networks
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Ghaida A. AL-Suhail
2012-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a new Fuzzy-Logic Adaptive Queuing controller (FLAQ based on a classical Random Early Detection (RED algorithm in wireless cellular network. The controller predicts dynamically the packet dropping rate and the corresponding average queue length. It relies on the average queue length at the base station router and the packet loss rate caused by the channel variations in mobile environment; assuming there is no buffer overflow due to the congestion. Using this model, a heuristic TCP performance can be estimated over a time-varying channel under different conditions of user’s mobility. The results show a significant improvement in TCP throughput performance when the user’s mobility is below 5 m/s; and becomes constant (i.e., close to i.i.d beyond this speed especially at 5% of predefined packet error rate.
A soft computing-based approach to optimise queuing-inventory control problem
Alaghebandha, Mohammad; Hajipour, Vahid
2015-04-01
In this paper, a multi-product continuous review inventory control problem within batch arrival queuing approach (MQr/M/1) is developed to find the optimal quantities of maximum inventory. The objective function is to minimise summation of ordering, holding and shortage costs under warehouse space, service level and expected lost-sales shortage cost constraints from retailer and warehouse viewpoints. Since the proposed model is Non-deterministic Polynomial-time hard, an efficient imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) is proposed to solve the model. To justify proposed ICA, both ganetic algorithm and simulated annealing algorithm are utilised. In order to determine the best value of algorithm parameters that result in a better solution, a fine-tuning procedure is executed. Finally, the performance of the proposed ICA is analysed using some numerical illustrations.
Weighted Round Robin and Rate Limiter based Fair Queuing for WRR
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Tomáš Balogh
2015-04-01
Full Text Available In this paper we present a new packet scheduling method based on parallel usage of multiple WRR schedulers, rate limiters and output bandwidth calculation for modern NGN networks. The main idea of the presented method is to provide queueing fairness within queues. The method provides the same results in output bandwidth allocation as the compared algorithm, while within one queue flows with different packet size and arrival rates gets the same output bandwidth. With this method we are able to achieve the overall result of bandwidth assignment as algorithms like WRR, WFQ, WRRPQ and LLQ by only changing the mathematical model used to calculate the bandwidth assignment. We call this method Weighted Round Robin and Rate Limiter based Fair Queuing (WRRRLbFQ. We prove the model outcome with simulation results using NS2 simulator and compare the behavior with the WRR scheduler.
Improved virtual queuing and dynamic EPD techniques for TCP over ATM
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wu, Y.; Siu, K.Y.; Ren, W.
1998-11-01
It is known that TCP throughput can degrade significantly over UBR service in a congested ATM network, and the early packet discard (EPD) technique has been proposed to improve the performance. However, recent studies show that EPD cannot ensure fairness among competing VCs in a congested network, but the degree of fairness can be improved using various forms of fair buffer allocation techniques. The authors propose an improved scheme that utilizes only a single shared FIFO queue for all VCs and admits simple implementation for high speed ATM networks. The scheme achieves nearly perfect fairness and throughput among multiple TCP connections, comparable to the expensive per-VC queuing technique. Analytical and simulation results are presented to show the validity of this new scheme and significant improvement in performance as compared with existing fair buffer allocation techniques for TCP over ATM.
Final Report for ?Queuing Network Models of Performance of High End Computing Systems?
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buckwalter, J
2005-09-28
The primary objective of this project is to perform general research into queuing network models of performance of high end computing systems. A related objective is to investigate and predict how an increase in the number of nodes of a supercomputer will decrease the running time of a user's software package, which is often referred to as the strong scaling problem. We investigate the large, MPI-based Linux cluster MCR at LLNL, running the well-known NAS Parallel Benchmark (NPB) applications. Data is collected directly from NPB and also from the low-overhead LLNL profiling tool mpiP. For a run, we break the wall clock execution time of the benchmark into four components: switch delay, MPI contention time, MPI service time, and non-MPI computation time. Switch delay is estimated from message statistics. MPI service time and non-MPI computation time are calculated directly from measurement data. MPI contention is estimated by means of a queuing network model (QNM), based in part on MPI service time. This model of execution time validates reasonably well against the measured execution time, usually within 10%. Since the number of nodes used to run the application is a major input to the model, we can use the model to predict application execution times for various numbers of nodes. We also investigate how the four components of execution time scale individually as the number of nodes increases. Switch delay and MPI service time scale regularly. MPI contention is estimated by the QNM submodel and also has a fairly regular pattern. However, non-MPI compute time has a somewhat irregular pattern, possibly due to caching effects in the memory hierarchy. In contrast to some other performance modeling methods, this method is relatively fast to set up, fast to calculate, simple for data collection, and yet accurate enough to be quite useful.
Belciug, Smaranda; Gorunescu, Florin
2016-03-01
Explore how efficient intelligent decision support systems, both easily understandable and straightforwardly implemented, can help modern hospital managers to optimize both bed occupancy and utilization costs. This paper proposes a hybrid genetic algorithm-queuing multi-compartment model for the patient flow in hospitals. A finite capacity queuing model with phase-type service distribution is combined with a compartmental model, and an associated cost model is set up. An evolutionary-based approach is used for enhancing the ability to optimize both bed management and associated costs. In addition, a "What-if analysis" shows how changing the model parameters could improve performance while controlling costs. The study uses bed-occupancy data collected at the Department of Geriatric Medicine - St. George's Hospital, London, period 1969-1984, and January 2000. The hybrid model revealed that a bed-occupancy exceeding 91%, implying a patient rejection rate around 1.1%, can be carried out with 159 beds plus 8 unstaffed beds. The same holding and penalty costs, but significantly different bed allocations (156 vs. 184 staffed beds, and 8 vs. 9 unstaffed beds, respectively) will result in significantly different costs (£755 vs. £1172). Moreover, once the arrival rate exceeds 7 patient/day, the costs associated to the finite capacity system become significantly smaller than those associated to an Erlang B queuing model (£134 vs. £947). Encoding the whole information provided by both the queuing system and the cost model through chromosomes, the genetic algorithm represents an efficient tool in optimizing the bed allocation and associated costs. The methodology can be extended to different medical departments with minor modifications in structure and parameterization. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Elements of queueing theory palm martingale calculus and stochastic recurrences
Baccelli, François
2003-01-01
The Palm theory and the Loynes theory of stationary systems are the two pillars of the modern approach to queuing. This book, presenting the mathematical foundations of the theory of stationary queuing systems, contains a thorough treatment of both of these. This approach helps to clarify the picture, in that it separates the task of obtaining the key system formulas from that of proving convergence to a stationary state and computing its law. The theory is constantly illustrated by classical results and models: Pollaczek-Khintchin and Tacacs formulas, Jackson and Gordon-Newell networks, multiserver queues, blocking queues, loss systems etc., but it also contains recent and significant examples, where the tools developed turn out to be indispensable. Several other mathematical tools which are useful within this approach are also presented, such as the martingale calculus for point processes, or stochastic ordering for stationary recurrences. This thoroughly revised second edition contains substantial addition...
Kunwar, Bharat; Johansson, Anders
2015-01-01
Estimating city evacuation time is a non-trivial problem due to the interaction between thousands of individual agents, giving rise to various collective phenomena, such as bottleneck formation, intermittent flow and stop-and-go waves. We present a mean field approach to draw relationships between road network spatial attributes, number of evacuees and resultant evacuation time estimate (ETE). We divide $50$ medium sized UK cities into a total of $697$ catchment areas which we define as an area where all agents share the same nearest exit node. In these catchment areas, 90% of agents are within $5.4$ km of their designated exit node. We establish a characteristic flow rate from catchment area attributes (population, distance to exit node and exit node width) and a mean flow rate in free-flow regime by simulating total evacuations using an agent based `queuing network' model. We use these variables to determine a relationship between catchment area attributes and resultant ETE. This relationship could enable e...
Profit Optimization in SLA-Aware Cloud Services with a Finite Capacity Queuing Model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yi-Ju Chiang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Cloud computing realizes a utility computing paradigm by offering shared resources through an Internet-based computing. However, how a system control can enhance profit and simultaneously satisfy the service level agreements (SLAs has become one of the major interests for cloud providers. In this paper, a cloud server farm provided with finite capacity is modeled as an M/M/R/K queuing system. Revenue losses are estimated according to the system controls and impatient customer behaviors. Three important issues are solved in this paper. First, a profit function is developed in which both the system blocking loss and the user abandonment loss are evaluated in total revenue. A tradeoff between meeting system performances and reducing operating costs is conducted. Second, the effects of system capacity control and utilization on various performances of waiting time, loss probability, and final arrival rate are demonstrated. Finally, the proposed optimal profit control (OPC policy allows a cloud provider to make the optimal decision in the number of servers and system capacity, so as to maximize profit. As compared to a system without applying the OPC policy, enhancing providers’ profit and improving system performances can be obtained.
Class-Based Weighted Fair Queuing Scheduling on Dual-Priority Delta Networks
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. C. Vasiliadis
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Contemporary networks accommodate handling of multiple priorities, aiming to provide suitable QoS levels to different traffic classes. In the presence of multiple priorities, a scheduling algorithm is employed to select each time the next packet to transmit over the data link. Class-based Weighted Fair Queuing (CBWFQ scheduling and its variations is widely used as a scheduling technique, since it is easy to implement and prevents the low-priority queues from being completely neglected during periods of high-priority traffic. By using this scheduling, low-priority queues have the opportunity to transmit packets even though the high-priority queues are not empty. In this work, the modeling, analysis and performance evaluation of a single-buffered, dual-priority multistage interconnection network (MIN operating under the CBWFQ scheduling policy is presented. Performance evaluation is conducted through simulation, and the performance measures obtained can be valuable assets for MIN designers, in order to minimize the overall deployment costs and delivering efficient systems.
Modelling pedestrian travel time and the design of facilities: a queuing approach.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Khalidur Rahman
Full Text Available Pedestrian movements are the consequence of several complex and stochastic facts. The modelling of pedestrian movements and the ability to predict the travel time are useful for evaluating the performance of a pedestrian facility. However, only a few studies can be found that incorporate the design of the facility, local pedestrian body dimensions, the delay experienced by the pedestrians, and level of service to the pedestrian movements. In this paper, a queuing based analytical model is developed as a function of relevant determinants and functional factors to predict the travel time on pedestrian facilities. The model can be used to assess the overall serving rate or performance of a facility layout and correlate it to the level of service that is possible to provide the pedestrians. It has also the ability to provide a clear suggestion on the designing and sizing of pedestrian facilities. The model is empirically validated and is found to be a robust tool to understand how well a particular walking facility makes possible comfort and convenient pedestrian movements. The sensitivity analysis is also performed to see the impact of some crucial parameters of the developed model on the performance of pedestrian facilities.
A Survey of Wireless Fair Queuing Algorithms with Location-Dependent Channel Errors
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Anca VARGATU
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The rapid development of wireless networks has brought more and more attention to topics related to fair allocation of resources, creation of suitable algorithms, taking into account the special characteristics of wireless environment and insurance fair access to the transmission channel, with delay bound and throughput guaranteed. Fair allocation of resources in wireless networks requires significant challenges, because of errors that occur only in these networks, such as location-dependent and bursty channel errors. In wireless networks, frequently happens, because interference of radio waves, that a user experiencing bad radio conditions during a period of time, not to receive resources in that period. This paper analyzes some resource allocation algorithms for wireless networks with location dependent errors, specifying the base idea for each algorithm and the way how it works. The analyzed fair queuing algorithms differ by the way they treat the following aspects: how to select the flows which should receive additional services, how to allocate these resources, which is the proportion received by error free flows and how the flows affected by errors are compensated.
Modelling pedestrian travel time and the design of facilities: a queuing approach.
Rahman, Khalidur; Ghani, Noraida Abdul; Kamil, Anton Abdulbasah; Mustafa, Adli; Kabir Chowdhury, Md Ahmed
2013-01-01
Pedestrian movements are the consequence of several complex and stochastic facts. The modelling of pedestrian movements and the ability to predict the travel time are useful for evaluating the performance of a pedestrian facility. However, only a few studies can be found that incorporate the design of the facility, local pedestrian body dimensions, the delay experienced by the pedestrians, and level of service to the pedestrian movements. In this paper, a queuing based analytical model is developed as a function of relevant determinants and functional factors to predict the travel time on pedestrian facilities. The model can be used to assess the overall serving rate or performance of a facility layout and correlate it to the level of service that is possible to provide the pedestrians. It has also the ability to provide a clear suggestion on the designing and sizing of pedestrian facilities. The model is empirically validated and is found to be a robust tool to understand how well a particular walking facility makes possible comfort and convenient pedestrian movements. The sensitivity analysis is also performed to see the impact of some crucial parameters of the developed model on the performance of pedestrian facilities.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUANGJun; 朱涛; 等
1996-01-01
The matrix analytic analysis of queues with complex arrival,vacation and service characteristics requires the solution of nonlinear matrix equation.The complexity and large dimensionality of the model require an effcient and smart algorithm for the solution.In this paper,we propose and efficient Adaptive Newton-Kantorovich(ANK) method for speeding up the algorithm solving the nonlinear matrix equation which is an inevitable step in the analysis of the queue with embedded Markov chain such as BMAP/SMSP/1/∞ queue or its discrete version.BMAP/SMSP/1/∞ is a queuing model with a Semi Markov Service time Process (SMSP) and a Batch Markovian Arfival Process(BMAP).The numerical result is presented for the discrete case of N-MMBP/D/1 queue which arises in analyzing traffic aspect of computer communication network,where MMBP is Markov Modulated Bermoulli Process.The comparisons of Adaptive Newton-Kantorovich(ANK)with Modified Newton-Kantorovich(MNK) show that ANK saves 30% of CPU tim when the number of user N is 50.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ming Zeng
2014-01-01
Full Text Available As the significant connection between the external and internal of the railway container terminal, the operation performance of the gate system plays an important role in the entire system. So the gate congestion will bring many losses to the railway container terminal, even the entire railway container freight system. In this paper, the queue length and the average waiting time of the railway container terminal gate system, as well as the optimal number of service channels during the different time period, are investigated. An M/Ek/n transient queuing model is developed based on the distribution of the arrival time interval and the service time; besides the transient solutions are acquired by the equally likely combinations (ELC heuristic method. Then the model is integrated into an optimization framework to obtain the optimal operation schemes. Finally, some computational experiments are conducted for model validation, sensitivity testing, and system optimization. Experimental results indicate that the model can provide the accurate reflection to the operation situation of the railway container terminal gate system, and the approach can yield the optimal number of service channels within the reasonable computation time.
Duan, Haoran
1997-12-01
This dissertation presents the concepts, principles, performance, and implementation of input queuing and cell-scheduling modules for the Illinois Pulsar-based Optical INTerconnect (iPOINT) input-buffered Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) testbed. Input queuing (IQ) ATM switches are well suited to meet the requirements of current and future ultra-broadband ATM networks. The IQ structure imposes minimum memory bandwidth requirements for cell buffering, tolerates bursty traffic, and utilizes memory efficiently for multicast traffic. The lack of efficient cell queuing and scheduling solutions has been a major barrier to build high-performance, scalable IQ-based ATM switches. This dissertation proposes a new Three-Dimensional Queue (3DQ) and a novel Matrix Unit Cell Scheduler (MUCS) to remove this barrier. 3DQ uses a linked-list architecture based on Synchronous Random Access Memory (SRAM) to combine the individual advantages of per-virtual-circuit (per-VC) queuing, priority queuing, and N-destination queuing. It avoids Head of Line (HOL) blocking and provides per-VC Quality of Service (QoS) enforcement mechanisms. Computer simulation results verify the QoS capabilities of 3DQ. For multicast traffic, 3DQ provides efficient usage of cell buffering memory by storing multicast cells only once. Further, the multicast mechanism of 3DQ prevents a congested destination port from blocking other less- loaded ports. The 3DQ principle has been prototyped in the Illinois Input Queue (iiQueue) module. Using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) devices, SRAM modules, and integrated on a Printed Circuit Board (PCB), iiQueue can process incoming traffic at 800 Mb/s. Using faster circuit technology, the same design is expected to operate at the OC-48 rate (2.5 Gb/s). MUCS resolves the output contention by evaluating the weight index of each candidate and selecting the heaviest. It achieves near-optimal scheduling and has a very short response time. The algorithm originates from a
Study about simulation of supermarket queuing system%超市排队系统仿真研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张琦琮; 杨公平; 张福强
2011-01-01
针对超市顾客等候过久问题,基于Agent范型,建立了顾客排队系统仿真模型.将顾客、收银台抽象为不同的Agent,并引入收银台管理Agent和引导员Agent.通过不同Agent之间的交互仿真超市排队系统的运行.模型中给出了一种收银台快速结算动态调整算法.实验数据和分析显示,该模型不仅可以真实地模拟超市排队系统运行现象,而且减少了顾客平均等待时间,降低了超市运营成本.%For the problem of the wait time of customers being too long in supermarkets, based on the agent paradigm, a simulation model of supermarket queuing system is established.The customers and check-outs are abstracted as different agents.Guide agent and check-out management agent are also introduced.The interaction among agents simulates the situation of supermarket queuing system.In the model a fast-track checkout scheduling algorithm based on dynamic adjustment is pro-posed.The experimental result and analysis show that the system not only can simulate the situation of supermarket queuing system actually,but also reduces the waiting time of customers and the operating costs of supermarket.
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Pere Tuset-Peiro
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Data collection is a key scenario for the Internet of Things because it enables gathering sensor data from distributed nodes that use low-power and long-range wireless technologies to communicate in a single-hop approach. In this kind of scenario, the network is composed of one coordinator that covers a particular area and a large number of nodes, typically hundreds or thousands, that transmit data to the coordinator upon request. Considering this scenario, in this paper we experimentally validate the energy consumption of two Medium Access Control (MAC protocols, Frame Slotted ALOHA (FSA and Distributed Queuing (DQ. We model both protocols as a state machine and conduct experiments to measure the average energy consumption in each state and the average number of times that a node has to be in each state in order to transmit a data packet to the coordinator. The results show that FSA is more energy efficient than DQ if the number of nodes is known a priori because the number of slots per frame can be adjusted accordingly. However, in such scenarios the number of nodes cannot be easily anticipated, leading to additional packet collisions and a higher energy consumption due to retransmissions. Contrarily, DQ does not require to know the number of nodes in advance because it is able to efficiently construct an ad hoc network schedule for each collection round. This kind of a schedule ensures that there are no packet collisions during data transmission, thus leading to an energy consumption reduction above 10% compared to FSA.
Impact of Mandatory HIV Screening in the Emergency Department: A Queuing Study.
Liu, Nan; Stone, Patricia W; Schnall, Rebecca
2016-04-01
To improve HIV screening rates, New York State in 2010 mandated that all persons 13-64 years receiving health care services, including care in emergency departments (EDs), be offered HIV testing. Little attention has been paid to the effect of screening on patient flow. Time-stamped ED visit data from patients eligible for HIV screening, 7,844 of whom were seen by providers and 767 who left before being seen by providers, were retrieved from electronic health records in one adult ED. During day shifts, 10% of patients left without being seen, and during evening shifts, 5% left without being seen. All patients seen by providers were offered testing, and 6% were tested for HIV. Queuing models were developed to evaluate the effect of HIV screening on ED length of stay, patient waiting time, and rate of leaving without being seen. Base case analysis was conducted using actual testing rates, and sensitivity analyses were conducted to evaluate the impact of increasing the testing rate. Length of ED stay of patients who received HIV tests was 24 minutes longer on day shifts and 104 minutes longer on evening shifts than for patients not tested for HIV. Increases in HIV testing rate were estimated to increase waiting time for all patients, including those who left without being seen. Our simulation suggested that incorporating HIV testing into ED patient visits not only adds to practitioner workload but also increases patient waiting time significantly during busy shifts, which may increase the rate of leaving without being seen. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
A high-speed and effective packet scheduling method is crucial to the performance of Gigabit routers. The paper studies the variable-length packet scheduling problem in Gigabit router with crossbar switch fabric and input queuing, and a scheduling method based on neural network is proposed. For the proposed method, a scheduling system structure fit for the variable-length packet case is presented first, then some rules for scheduling are given, At last, an optimal scheduling method using Hopfield neural network is proposed based on the rules. Furthermore, the paper discusses that the proposed method can be realized by hardware circuit. The simulation result shows the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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Porshnev Sergey
2017-01-01
Full Text Available This work devoted to researching of mathematical model of non-stationary queuing system (NQS. Arrival rate in studied NQS λ(t is similar to rate which observed in practice in a real access control system of objects of mass events. Dependence of number of serviced requests from time was calculated. It is proven that the ratio value of served requests at the beginning of event to all served requests described by a deterministic function, depending on the average service rate μ¯$\\bar \\mu $ and the maximum value of the arrival rate function λ(t.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yu, Hao; Ruepp, Sarah Renée; Berger, Michael Stübert
2011-01-01
This paper proposes two out-of-sequence (OOS) preventative cell dispatching algorithms for the multicast input-queued space-memory-memory (IQ-SMM) Clos-network switch architecture, i.e. the multicast flow-based DSRR (MF-DSRR) and the multicast flow-based round-robin (MFRR). Treating each cell...... independently, the desynchronized static round-robin (DSRR) cell dispatching scheme can evenly distribute cells to the central switching modules, however, its frequent change of the input switching module connection pattern causes a serious OOS problem to the IQ-SMM architecture. Therefore large reassembly...
Preventing Out-of-Sequence for Multicast Input-Queued Space-Memory-Memory Clos-Network
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yu, Hao; Ruepp, Sarah Renée; Berger, Michael Stübert
2011-01-01
This paper proposes an out-of-sequence (OOS) preventative cell dispatching algorithm, the multicast flow-based round robin (MFRR), for multicast input-queued space-memory-memory (IQ-SMM) Clos-network architecture. Independently treating each incoming cell, such as the desynchronized static round...... robin (DSRR), can lead to cells of the same packet being disordered after traversing the switch fabric. Extra reassembly buffer and delay are thus required at the outputs of the switch fabric to reorder the cells. Simulation results obtained by OPNET Modeler show that the MFRR can eliminate such OOS...
Pay Great Attention to the "Material Queuing"%不可忽视的“物料等待”
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐丽霞
2012-01-01
In this low-profit time, we to analyze the material feature and to have the "ma demonstrate th terial queuing" everywhere in the company. This article is e importance of the material management. Then it lists and explains the several important factors of material management. The intention of this article is to bring the at- tention of the company management team to this important issue, to improve the performance on material man- agement and fine management, reduce the material queuing and the product cost, which is the very importance factor of a company's operation quality and competitive power%面对当今微利社会，企业随处可见的“物料等待”状况。通过对物料特的行分析，可知物料是需要管理的。企业应该引起重视，加强物料管理，以使管理精细化，改善“物料等待”状况，消除“物料等待”的浪费，降低产品成本，提高企业的营运质量和竞争能力。
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G. INDUMATHI
2011-06-01
Full Text Available Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM systems are the major cellular platforms for supporting ubiquitous high-speed mobile applications. However, a number of research challenges remain to be tackled. One of the most important challenges is the design of a judicious packet scheduler that will make efficient use of the spectrum bandwidth. Due to the multicarrier nature of the OFDM systems, the applicability and performance of traditional wireless packet scheduling algorithms, which are designed usually for single-carrier systems, are largely unknown. In this paper we present a new scheduler which includes packet scheduling and resource mapping which takes. The proposed algorithm is based on a cross-layer design in that the scheduler is aware of both the channel at the physical layer and the queue state at the data link layer information to achieve proportional fairness while maximizing each user’s packet level QoS performance. The performance of the proposed work is compared to that of the round-robin and weighted fair queuing schedulers. It is observed that from the simulation that the proposed scheduling with adaptive parameter selection provides enhanced performance in terms of queuing delay and spectral efficiency. Also we analyze the achieved fairness of the schemes in terms of different fairness indices available in literature.
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Wallace Agyei
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Abstract Queues are common sight of many banks in Ghana. The obvious implication of customers waiting in long and winding queues could result to prolonged discomfort and economic cost to them however increasing the service rate will require additional number of tellers which implies extra cost to management. This study therefore attempts to find the trade-off between minimizing the total economic cost waiting cost and service cost and the provision of a satisfactory and reasonably shortest possible time of service to customers in order to assist management of the bank in deciding the optimal number of tellers needed. Data for this study was collected at the Ghana Commercial Bank Ltd Kumasi Main Branch for one month through observations interviews and by administering of questionnaire and was formulated as multi-server single line queuing model. The data was analyzed using TORA optimization Software as well as using descriptive method of analysis. The performance measures of different queuing systems were evaluated and analyzed. The results of the analysis showed using a five teller system was better than a four or a six-teller system in terms of average waiting time and thetotal economic cost hence the study recommends that the management should adopt a five teller model to reduce total economic costs and increase customer satisfaction.
Bishop, John
An analysis of the argument that a market imperfection (wage differentials and queuing caused by unions) raises the marginal social product (MSP) of college education above the average before-tax private wage premium (APP) for college (this discrepancy is called a union-Q-nality) focuses on verifying five hypotheses: (1) Workers with identical…
He, Xinhua
2014-01-01
This paper presents a multiple-rescue model for an emergency supply chain system under uncertainties in large-scale affected area of disasters. The proposed methodology takes into consideration that the rescue demands caused by a large-scale disaster are scattered in several locations; the servers are arranged in multiple echelons (resource depots, distribution centers, and rescue center sites) located in different places but are coordinated within one emergency supply chain system; depending on the types of rescue demands, one or more distinct servers dispatch emergency resources in different vehicle routes, and emergency rescue services queue in multiple rescue-demand locations. This emergency system is modeled as a minimal queuing response time model of location and allocation. A solution to this complex mathematical problem is developed based on genetic algorithm. Finally, a case study of an emergency supply chain system operating in Shanghai is discussed. The results demonstrate the robustness and applicability of the proposed model. PMID:24688367
He, Xinhua; Hu, Wenfa
2014-01-01
This paper presents a multiple-rescue model for an emergency supply chain system under uncertainties in large-scale affected area of disasters. The proposed methodology takes into consideration that the rescue demands caused by a large-scale disaster are scattered in several locations; the servers are arranged in multiple echelons (resource depots, distribution centers, and rescue center sites) located in different places but are coordinated within one emergency supply chain system; depending on the types of rescue demands, one or more distinct servers dispatch emergency resources in different vehicle routes, and emergency rescue services queue in multiple rescue-demand locations. This emergency system is modeled as a minimal queuing response time model of location and allocation. A solution to this complex mathematical problem is developed based on genetic algorithm. Finally, a case study of an emergency supply chain system operating in Shanghai is discussed. The results demonstrate the robustness and applicability of the proposed model.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yu, Hao; Ruepp, Sarah Renée; Berger, Michael Stübert
2011-01-01
This study focuses on the multicast scheduling for M × N input-queued switches. An enhanced first-in-first-out -based round-robin multicast scheduling algorithm is proposed with a function of searching deeper into queues to reduce the head-of-line (HOL) blocking problem and thereby the multicast...... out on the decision matrix to reduce the number of transmission for each cell. To reduce the HOL blocking problem, a complement matrix is constructed based on the traffic matrix and the decision matrix, and a process of searching deeper into the queues is carried out to find cells that can be sent...... to the idle outputs. Simulation results show that the proposed function of searching deeper into the queues can alleviate the HOL blocking and as a result reduce the multicast latency significantly. Under both balanced and unbalanced multicast traffic, the proposed algorithm is able to maintain a stable...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xinhua He
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a multiple-rescue model for an emergency supply chain system under uncertainties in large-scale affected area of disasters. The proposed methodology takes into consideration that the rescue demands caused by a large-scale disaster are scattered in several locations; the servers are arranged in multiple echelons (resource depots, distribution centers, and rescue center sites located in different places but are coordinated within one emergency supply chain system; depending on the types of rescue demands, one or more distinct servers dispatch emergency resources in different vehicle routes, and emergency rescue services queue in multiple rescue-demand locations. This emergency system is modeled as a minimal queuing response time model of location and allocation. A solution to this complex mathematical problem is developed based on genetic algorithm. Finally, a case study of an emergency supply chain system operating in Shanghai is discussed. The results demonstrate the robustness and applicability of the proposed model.
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Caesar Saloma
Full Text Available We study the impact of prior individual training during group emergency evacuation using mice that escape from an enclosed water pool to a dry platform via any of two possible exits. Experimenting with mice avoids serious ethical and legal issues that arise when dealing with unwitting human participants while minimizing concerns regarding the reliability of results obtained from simulated experiments using 'actors'. First, mice were trained separately and their individual escape times measured over several trials. Mice learned quickly to swim towards an exit-they achieved their fastest escape times within the first four trials. The trained mice were then placed together in the pool and allowed to escape. No two mice were permitted in the pool beforehand and only one could pass through an exit opening at any given time. At first trial, groups of trained mice escaped seven and five times faster than their corresponding control groups of untrained mice at pool occupancy rate ρ of 11.9% and 4%, respectively. Faster evacuation happened because trained mice: (a had better recognition of the available pool space and took shorter escape routes to an exit, (b were less likely to form arches that blocked an exit opening, and (c utilized the two exits efficiently without preference. Trained groups achieved continuous egress without an apparent leader-coordinator (self-organized queuing-a collective behavior not experienced during individual training. Queuing was unobserved in untrained groups where mice were prone to wall seeking, aimless swimming and/or blind copying that produced circuitous escape routes, biased exit use and clogging. The experiments also reveal that faster and less costly group training at ρ = 4%, yielded an average individual escape time that is comparable with individualized training. However, group training in a more crowded pool (ρ = 11.9% produced a longer average individual escape time.
Abujudeh, Hani; Vuong, Bill; Baker, Stephen R
2005-07-01
The objective of this study was to evaluate the operation of the portable X-ray machine in relation to examinations ordered by the Emergency Department at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, as well as to identify any bottlenecks hindering the performance of the aforementioned system. To do so, the activity of the portable X-ray was monitored in the period from 8 June 2004 to 24 June 2004, as well as from 6 July 2004 to 12 July 2004, yielding 11 days of data and 116 individual X-ray examinations. During observation times was noted for various checkpoints in the procedure. Using the data gathered, the average input, output, processing times, and variance were calculated. In turn, these values were used to calculate the response times for the Ordering Phase (5.502 min), traveling (2.483 min), Examination Phase (4.453 min), returning (3.855 min), Order Processing Phase (2.962 min), and the Development Phase (3.437 min). These phases were combined for a total of 22.721 min from the time the examination was placed to the time the X-ray films were uploaded to the PACS computer network. Based on these calculations, the Ordering Phase was determined to be the single largest bottleneck in the portable X-ray system. The Examination Phase also represented the second largest bottleneck for a combined total of 44% of the total response time.
Knox, A. Whitney; Miller, Bruce A.
1980-01-01
Describes a method for estimating the number of cathode ray tube terminals needed for public use of an online library catalog. Authors claim method could also be used to estimate needed numbers of microform readers for a computer output microform (COM) catalog. Formulae are included. (Author/JD)
Bouchti, Abdelali El; Kafhali, Said El
2012-01-01
In this paper, we consider a single-cell IEEE 802.16 environment in which the base station allocates subchannels to the subscriber stations in its coverage area. The subchannels allocated to a subscriber station are shared by multiple connections at that subscriber station. To ensure the Quality of Service (QoS) performances, two Connection Admission Control (CAC) mechanisms, namely, threshold-based and queue-aware CAC mechanisms are considered at a subscriber station. A queuing analytical framework for these admission control mechanisms is presented considering Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) based transmission at the physical layer. Then, based on the queuing model, both the connection-level and the packet-level performances are studied and compared with their analogues in the case without CAC. The connection arrival is modeled by a Poisson process and the packet arrival for a connection by Batch Markov Arrival Process (BMAP). We determine analytically and numerically different QoS per...
Two-phases-service queuing system with server breakdown and vacations%带有服务台故障和两阶段服务的休假排队系统
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
曾慧; 岳德权
2011-01-01
为了解决现实生产生活中的具有两阶段服务性质的休假排队问题,利用马尔可夫过程理论建立系统稳态概率方程组,并利用分块矩阵解法,得到了稳态概率的矩阵解.由此得出系统的平均队长、平均等待队长等性能指标.该成果对解决两阶段服务排队模型具有重要的理论意义和应用价值.%In order to solve the vacation queue problems with a two-phase of service in real-life production, the equations of steady-state probability were derived by applying the Markov process theory in this study. Subsequently, the matrix form solution of steady-state probability was found by using block matrix method. Furthermore, some performance measures of the system, such as the expected number of customers in the system and the expected number of customers in the queue, were also obtained. The study on the queuing systems with two-phase of service is of theoretical significance and application value.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
彭翀; 汪传旭; 郭胜童
2011-01-01
基于模糊数学、排队理论与选址理论,建立了应急救援物流中物资分发点的多目标模糊排队选址优化模型,其中:受灾点的需求率和物资分发点的服务率为模糊数,物资分发点建立成本最小和救援反应时间最短为目标函数.设计了模型的求解算法,确定了物资分发点的选址以及各个分发点所覆盖的受灾点区域范围.结合具体算例,验证了模型的实用性,并分析了物资分发点应急服务能力对救援效果的影响.%Based on fuzzy mathematics, queuing theory and location theory, a model is introduced into solving the problems about item distribution spots location optimization in emergency relief logistics where the demand rates of disaster spots and service rates of item distribution spots are fuzzy numbers. The proposed model aims at jointly minimi zing the setup costs for item distribution spots and relief response time. The algorithms are presented to set the proposed model to determine the location and covering scope of item distribution spots. A numerical example is given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model and the impact of service capacity of item distribution spots on re lief performance is analyzed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Christos Verikoukis
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The aging population and the high quality of life expectations in our society lead to the need of more efficient and affordable healthcare solutions. For this reason, this paper aims for the optimization of Medium Access Control (MAC protocols for biomedical wireless sensor networks or wireless Body Sensor Networks (BSNs. The hereby presented schemes always have in mind the efficient management of channel resources and the overall minimization of sensors’ energy consumption in order to prolong sensors’ battery life. The fact that the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC does not fully satisfy BSN requirements highlights the need for the design of new scalable MAC solutions, which guarantee low-power consumption to the maximum number of body sensors in high density areas (i.e., in saturation conditions. In order to emphasize IEEE 802.15.4 MAC limitations, this article presents a detailed overview of this de facto standard for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs, which serves as a link for the introduction and initial description of our here proposed Distributed Queuing (DQ MAC protocol for BSN scenarios. Within this framework, an extensive DQ MAC energy-consumption analysis in saturation conditions is presented to be able to evaluate its performance in relation to IEEE 802.5.4 MAC in highly dense BSNs. The obtained results show that the proposed scheme outperforms IEEE 802.15.4 MAC in average energy consumption per information bit, thus providing a better overall performance that scales appropriately to BSNs under high traffic conditions. These benefits are obtained by eliminating back-off periods and collisions in data packet transmissions, while minimizing the control overhead.
Otal, Begonya; Alonso, Luis; Verikoukis, Christos
2011-01-01
The aging population and the high quality of life expectations in our society lead to the need of more efficient and affordable healthcare solutions. For this reason, this paper aims for the optimization of Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols for biomedical wireless sensor networks or wireless Body Sensor Networks (BSNs). The hereby presented schemes always have in mind the efficient management of channel resources and the overall minimization of sensors' energy consumption in order to prolong sensors' battery life. The fact that the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC does not fully satisfy BSN requirements highlights the need for the design of new scalable MAC solutions, which guarantee low-power consumption to the maximum number of body sensors in high density areas (i.e., in saturation conditions). In order to emphasize IEEE 802.15.4 MAC limitations, this article presents a detailed overview of this de facto standard for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which serves as a link for the introduction and initial description of our here proposed Distributed Queuing (DQ) MAC protocol for BSN scenarios. Within this framework, an extensive DQ MAC energy-consumption analysis in saturation conditions is presented to be able to evaluate its performance in relation to IEEE 802.5.4 MAC in highly dense BSNs. The obtained results show that the proposed scheme outperforms IEEE 802.15.4 MAC in average energy consumption per information bit, thus providing a better overall performance that scales appropriately to BSNs under high traffic conditions. These benefits are obtained by eliminating back-off periods and collisions in data packet transmissions, while minimizing the control overhead.
Optimal choice of Reed-Solomon codes to protect against queuing losses in wireless networks
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Claus Bauer; JIANG Wen-yu
2009-01-01
This article proposes algorithms to determine an optimal choice of the Reed-Solomon forward error correction (FEC) code parameters (n,k) to mitigate the effects of packet loss on multimedia traffic caused by buffer overflow at a wireless base station. A network model is developed that takes into account traffic arrival rates, channel loss characteristics, the capacity of the buffer at the base station, and FEC parameters. For Poisson distributed traffic, the theory of recurrent linear equations is applied to develop a new closed form solution of low complexity of the Markov model for the buffer occupancy. For constant bit rate (CBR) traffic,an iterative procedure is developed to compute the packet loss probabilities after FEC recovery.
The effect of network structure on phase transitions in queuing networks
Barankai, Norbert; Vattay, Gábor
2012-01-01
Recently, De Martino et al have presented a general framework for the study of transportation phenomena on complex networks. One of their most significant achievements was a deeper understanding of the phase transition from the uncongested to the congested phase at a critical traffic load. In this paper, we also study phase transition in transportation networks using a discrete time random walk model. Our aim is to establish a direct connection between the structure of the graph and the value of the critical traffic load. Applying spectral graph theory, we show that the original results of De Martino et al showing that the critical loading depends only on the degree sequence of the graph -- suggesting that different graphs with the same degree sequence have the same critical loading if all other circumstances are fixed -- is valid only if the graph is dense enough. For sparse graphs, higher order corrections, related to the local structure of the network, appear.
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Ana Paula Iannoni
2006-04-01
Full Text Available O modelo hipercubo, conhecido na literatura de problemas de localização de sistemas servidor para cliente, é um modelo baseado em teoria de filas espacialmente distribuídas e aproximações Markovianas. O modelo pode ser modificado para analisar os sistemas de atendimentos emergenciais (SAEs em rodovias, considerando as particularidades da política de despacho destes sistemas. Neste estudo, combinou-se o modelo hipercubo com um algoritmo genético para otimizar a configuração e operação de SAEs em rodovias. A abordagem é efetiva para apoiar decisões relacionadas ao planejamento e operação destes sistemas, por exemplo, em determinar o tamanho ideal para as áreas de cobertura de cada ambulância, de forma a minimizar o tempo médio de resposta aos usuários e o desbalanceamento das cargas de trabalho das ambulâncias. Os resultados computacionais desta abordagem foram analisados utilizando dados reais do sistema Anjos do Asfalto (rodovia Presidente Dutra.The hypercube model, well-known in the literature on problems of server-to-customer localization systems, is based on the spatially distributed queuing theory and Markovian analysis approximations. The model can be modified to analyze Emergency Medical Systems (EMSs on highways, considering the particularities of these systems' dispatching policies. In this study, we combine the hypercube model with a genetic algorithm to optimize the configuration and operation of EMSs on highways. This approach is effective to support planning and operation decisions, such as determining the ideal size of the area each ambulance should cover to minimize not only the average time of response to the user but also ambulance workload imbalances, as well as generating a Pareto efficient boundary between these measures. The computational results of this approach were analyzed using real data Anjos do Asfalto EMS (which covers the Presidente Dutra highway.
Santoshkumar; Udaykumar, R. Y.
2015-04-01
The electrical vehicles (EVs) can be connected to the grid for power transaction. The vehicle-to-grid (V2G) supports the grid requirements and helps in maintaining the load demands. The grid control center (GCC), aggregator and EV are three key entities in V2G communication. The GCC sends the information about power requirements to the aggregator. The aggregator after receiving the information from the GCC sends the information to the EVs. Based on the information, the interested EV owners participate in power transaction with the grid. The aggregator facilitates the EVs by providing the parking and charging slot. In this paper the queuing model for EVs connected to the grid and development of wireless infrastructure for the EV to Smart Meter communication is proposed. The queuing model is developed and simulated. The path loss models for WiMAX are analyzed and compared. Also, the physical layer of WiMAX protocol is modeled and simulated for the EV to Smart Meter communication in V2G.
Theoretical description of metabolism using queueing theory.
Evstigneev, Vladyslav P; Holyavka, Marina G; Khrapatiy, Sergii V; Evstigneev, Maxim P
2014-09-01
A theoretical description of the process of metabolism has been developed on the basis of the Pachinko model (see Nicholson and Wilson in Nat Rev Drug Discov 2:668-676, 2003) and the queueing theory. The suggested approach relies on the probabilistic nature of the metabolic events and the Poisson distribution of the incoming flow of substrate molecules. The main focus of the work is an output flow of metabolites or the effectiveness of metabolism process. Two simplest models have been analyzed: short- and long-living complexes of the source molecules with a metabolizing point (Hole) without queuing. It has been concluded that the approach based on queueing theory enables a very broad range of metabolic events to be described theoretically from a single probabilistic point of view.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rehab F. Khalaf
2011-01-01
Full Text Available We study a queuing system which is equipped with a stand-by server in addition to the main server. The stand-by server provides service to customers only during the period of absence of the main server when either the main server is on a vacation or it is in the state of repairs due to a sudden failure from time to time. The service times, vacation times, and repair times are assumed to follow general arbitrary distributions while the stand-by service times follow exponential distribution. Supplementary variables technique has been used to obtain steady state results in explicit and closed form in terms of the probability generating functions for the number of customers in the queue, the average number of customers, and the average waiting time in the queue while the MathCad software has been used to illustrate the numerical results in this work.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
曾慧; 岳德权
2011-01-01
An two-phases-service M/M/l/N queuing system with the server breakdown and multiple vacations was considered. Firstly, equations of steady-state probability were derived by applying the Markov process theory. Then, we obtained matrix form solution of steady-state probability by using blocked matrix method. Finally, some performance measures of the system such as the expected number of customers in the system and the expected number of customers in the queue were also presented.%研究了具有两阶段服务和服务台故障的M/M/1/N多重休假排队系统.利用马尔可夫过程理论建立了系统稳态概率方程组,并利用分块矩阵解法,得到了稳态概率的矩阵解.然后由此得出了系统的平均队长、平均等待队长等性能指标.
Buick, Otto; Falcon, Pat; Alexander, G.; Siegel, Edward Carl-Ludwig
2013-03-01
Einstein[Dover(03)] critical-slowing-down(CSD)[Pais, Subtle in The Lord; Life & Sci. of Albert Einstein(81)] is Siegel CyberWar denial-of-access(DOA) operations-research queuing theory/pinning/jamming/.../Read [Aikido, Aikibojitsu & Natural-Law(90)]/Aikido(!!!) phase-transition critical-phenomenon via Siegel DIGIT-Physics (Newcomb[Am.J.Math. 4,39(1881)]-{Planck[(1901)]-Einstein[(1905)])-Poincare[Calcul Probabilités(12)-p.313]-Weyl [Goett.Nachr.(14); Math.Ann.77,313 (16)]-{Bose[(24)-Einstein[(25)]-Fermi[(27)]-Dirac[(1927)]}-``Benford''[Proc.Am.Phil.Soc. 78,4,551 (38)]-Kac[Maths.Stat.-Reasoning(55)]-Raimi[Sci.Am. 221,109 (69)...]-Jech[preprint, PSU(95)]-Hill[Proc.AMS 123,3,887(95)]-Browne[NYT(8/98)]-Antonoff-Smith-Siegel[AMS Joint-Mtg.,S.-D.(02)] algebraic-inversion to yield ONLY BOSE-EINSTEIN QUANTUM-statistics (BEQS) with ZERO-digit Bose-Einstein CONDENSATION(BEC) ``INTERSECTION''-BECOME-UNION to Barabasi[PRL 876,5632(01); Rev.Mod.Phys.74,47(02)...] Network /Net/GRAPH(!!!)-physics BEC: Strutt/Rayleigh(1881)-Polya(21)-``Anderson''(58)-Siegel[J.Non-crystalline-Sol.40,453(80)
Performance Improvement of Embedded Web System Based on Queuing Theory%基于排队论的嵌入式Web系统性能优化
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
习博; 方彦军
2007-01-01
以嵌入式Web技术的广泛应用为背景,探讨了一种在嵌入式Web系统中,利用单服务窗等待式M/M/1排队理论,建立嵌入式Web系统性能评估模型的方法.就如何利用该模型对ARM+uCLinux实现的嵌入式Web系统进行网络性能评估,对嵌入式Web服务器的改进设计等问题进行了描述.
Arvin Aziziankohan; Fariborz Jolai; Mohammad Khalilzadeh; Roya Soltani; Reza Tavakkoli-Moghaddam
2017-01-01
Purpose: Nowadays, governments and people pay more attention to use green products due to environmental pollution, irreplaceable energy and shortage of resources. Green products are resulted from the application of green supply chain management strategies to the organizations' performance strategies, so that we can reduce environmental pollutants and wastes and take a step towards saving energy with limited resources. Methodology: In this paper, the effect of reducing energy consumption ...
Study on Planning of Inbound Tally Area Based on Queuing Theory%基于排队论的入库理货区规划研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
于占泉; 鲁晓春; 付近近
2013-01-01
把排队论的原理应用于仓库入库理货区规划研究,建立了入库理货区规划模型;用蒙特卡洛模拟来进行大量的数据分析,减弱随机性对结果造成的影响.结果显示利用排队论原理来规划仓库入库理货区面积,可以使得理货区的利用率达到71.2％,证明该种方法是合理有效的.
System of vehicular dynamic spectrum access via queuing theory%基于排队论的车辆动态频谱接入系统研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张伟; 刘南杰; 赵海涛
2014-01-01
This paper discusses dynamic spectrum access technology in the area of vehicular communication network , proposing a model of vehicular dynamic spectrum access over vacant TV channels. This model divides the communication needs of users for emergency and general service requests, and constructs the Markov chain model to analysis the service processes of them. As a result, an analytical model to meet different needs is constructed. The simulation results show that there is a significant reduction in the average queue waiting time with the increases number of available channels, and the average waiting time and queue length of the emergency service requests are far smaller than the general service requests.%将动态频谱接入技术引入到车辆通信网络中，提出了一种使用空闲广播电视信道进行车辆动态频谱接入的模型。该模型将用户通信需求分为紧急和普通服务请求，构建马尔科夫链分析其服务过程，得到了能够满足不同需求的分析模型。仿真结果表明，该模型能准确分析车辆动态频谱接入的过程，当空闲信道数增加时平均等待时间减少，紧急服务请求的平均等待时间和平均队列长度都远小于普通服务请求。
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Arvin Aziziankohan; Fariborz Jolai; Mohammad Khalilzadeh; Roya Soltani; Reza Tavakkoli-Moghaddam
2017-01-01
.... Green products are resulted from the application of green supply chain management strategies to the organizations' performance strategies, so that we can reduce environmental pollutants and wastes...
Analysis and Design of Tobacco Sold Queuing System%烟叶交售排队系统的分析与设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王智坚; 李水平; 包洋; 李金娟; 张莨
2015-01-01
介绍了烟叶交售排队系统的研究背景，对所需要解决的问题进行了概述；论文提出了系统的设计目标，对系统进行了详细的需求分析，包括业务需求分析、功能需求分析、数据需求分析；在系统设计中，对系统进行了总体设计与模块设计，详细阐述了设计内容，并使用实体关系E-R图和实体属性对数据库进行了详细设计。%This paper first introduces the research background of the tobacco sold queuing system and summarizes the problems need to be solved.It presents the system design goals of the system carried out a detailed needs analysis, including business require⁃ments analysis, functional requirements analysis, data requirements analysis;in the system design, the overall design of the system and module design were made to elaborate design content, and it makes detail design of the database for using the ER diagram and entity relationship structure.
一种基于WRR的新的调度算法%A New Queuing Scheduling Algorithm Based on Weighted Round Robin
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
饶宝乾; 侯嘉
2011-01-01
为了提高网络区分服务的性能,选择一个合适的队列调度算法尤为重要.在WRR调度算法的基础上提出了一种新的调度算法P-VDWRR(Priority Variable Deficit Weighted Round Robin),P-VDWRR不仅能够提供一定的QiS(Quality of Service)保证,还能够在一定范围内根据网络负载情况动态分配网络资源,降低网络节点的丢包率.%In order to improve the performance of distinguished network services, it is particularly important to select an appropriate queuing scheduling algorithm. A new scheduling algorithm is proposed based on the WRR,whose name is Priority Variable Deficit Weighted Round Robin(P-VDWRR). P-VDWRR could provide certain assurance of the QoS, distribute the network resources dynamically according to the load situation within a certain range and reduce the packet loss rate of network nodes.
Weighted Fair Queuing and Feedback Round Robin Scheduling Algorithm on MPLmS%MPLmS中基于WFQ的轮转调度算法
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周乃富
2014-01-01
分析了MPLmS网络的基本原理，为了能在标签的分配中更好地体现QoS，通过引入多协议标签交换(MPLS)流量工程控制技术与光交叉连接相结合的一种新型光互联技术--多协议波长标签交换(MPLmS)，重点对标签的分配策略进行分析和设计，提出了一种新的基于WFQ轮转调度算法。%This paper analyzes the basic principles of the network MPLmS. in order to be able to better reflect the QoS of The distribution of the label. Through introducing Multi-Protocol lambda Switching which is a traffic engineering control technology on the Multi-Protocol Label Switching and the light cross connection unify, we focus on the label allocation strategy analysis and design. A new Weighted Fair Queuing and feedback round robin scheduling algorithm is proposed.
A queueing theory based model for business continuity in hospitals.
Miniati, R; Cecconi, G; Dori, F; Frosini, F; Iadanza, E; Biffi Gentili, G; Niccolini, F; Gusinu, R
2013-01-01
Clinical activities can be seen as results of precise and defined events' succession where every single phase is characterized by a waiting time which includes working duration and possible delay. Technology makes part of this process. For a proper business continuity management, planning the minimum number of devices according to the working load only is not enough. A risk analysis on the whole process should be carried out in order to define which interventions and extra purchase have to be made. Markov models and reliability engineering approaches can be used for evaluating the possible interventions and to protect the whole system from technology failures. The following paper reports a case study on the application of the proposed integrated model, including risk analysis approach and queuing theory model, for defining the proper number of device which are essential to guarantee medical activity and comply the business continuity management requirements in hospitals.
浅谈妇产科医院排队叫号系统的应用与发展%Application and Development of Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Queuing System
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
袁隆; 杨旋; 张梦杰
2015-01-01
医院排队叫号系统是近年来为改善医疗行业传统排队管理中存在的一些混乱、无序和不文明等弊端而开发的。本文从需求出发，介绍并讨论了医院排队叫号系统的实施与在医院内的应用与发展前景。%The hospital queuing system is developed in recent years to improve the medical industry traditional queue management in some confusion.The system can wel solve a variety of patients encountered in the doctor process queue,waiting and congestion management,to see patients and hospital to bring great convenience and delight.In this paper,we introduces and discusses the prospect of application and development of the implementation of hospital queuing system and in the hospital.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
图尔逊艾力·尼亚孜; 艾合买提·阿不来提
2012-01-01
In this paper, we mainly study the M/G/l queuing system with multiple working vacation and vacation interruption. First, we convert the mathematical model corresponding to this system into an abstract Cauchy problem. Second, we prove that the operator corresponding this queuing model generates a positive contraction Co-semigroup T(t). Then we show that T(t) is isometric operator. Last, we conclude that this model has a unique nonnegative time-dependent solution.%主要研究工作休假和休假中止的M/G/1排队系统,首先将对应于此系统的数学模型转化为抽象Cauchy问题,其次证明对应于此排队模型的主算子生成正压缩C0半群T(t),然后证明T(t)是局部等距的,最后证明此模型存在唯一的非负时间依赖解.
Monitoring and queuing for sift
Wilson, L.
1983-01-01
The SIFT instrumentation is called the "Window." This window was designed to collect internal data from SIFT while having minimal overhead. Window consists of Sender and Relay components. Sender is to be run on processors 0..5 and Relay will run on processor 6. Sender will gather values (currently 12) during the subframe allocated to a task and broadcast these values at the start of the next subframe. This timing was selected to guarantee Relay 3.2ms to collect and transmit the data.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
唐昊; 奚宏生; 韩江洪; 袁继彬
2005-01-01
The paper is concerned with the robust control problems for exponential controlled closed queuing networks (CCQNs) under uncertain routing probabilities. As the rows of some parameter matrices such as infinitesimal generators may be dependent, we first transform the objective vector under discounted-cost criteria into a weighed-average cost. Through the solution to Poisson equation,i.e., Markov performance potentials, we then unify both discounted-cost and average-cost problems to study, and derive the gradient formula of the new objective function with respect to the routing probabilities. Some solution techniques are related for searching the optimal robust control policy.Finally, a numerical example is presented and analyzed.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
滕丽; 刘长兴
2014-01-01
According to the outpatient service process in the hospital, this paper elaborates the hardware system, software system and the functions of the triage and queuing system. The application of the system has optimized the outpatient service process and improved the work efifciency of medical staff and satisfaction degree of patients.%本文结合我院门诊就医流程，阐述了门诊分诊叫号系统的功能设计以及软硬件组成。分诊叫号系统实施以来，优化了就医流程，提高了工作效率和患者的满意度。
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wæver, Ole
2009-01-01
Kenneth N. Waltz's 1979 book, Theory of International Politics, is the most influential in the history of the discipline. It worked its effects to a large extent through raising the bar for what counted as theoretical work, in effect reshaping not only realism but rivals like liberalism and refle......Kenneth N. Waltz's 1979 book, Theory of International Politics, is the most influential in the history of the discipline. It worked its effects to a large extent through raising the bar for what counted as theoretical work, in effect reshaping not only realism but rivals like liberalism...... and reflectivism. Yet, ironically, there has been little attention to Waltz's very explicit and original arguments about the nature of theory. This article explores and explicates Waltz's theory of theory. Central attention is paid to his definition of theory as ‘a picture, mentally formed' and to the radical anti......-empiricism and anti-positivism of his position. Followers and critics alike have treated Waltzian neorealism as if it was at bottom a formal proposition about cause-effect relations. The extreme case of Waltz being so victorious in the discipline, and yet being consistently mis-interpreted on the question of theory...
Nekrasov, Nikita
2004-01-01
We present the evidence for the existence of the topological string analogue of M-theory, which we call Z-theory. The corners of Z-theory moduli space correspond to the Donaldson-Thomas theory, Kodaira-Spencer theory, Gromov-Witten theory, and Donaldson-Witten theory. We discuss the relations of Z-theory with Hitchin's gravities in six and seven dimensions, and make our own proposal, involving spinor generalization of Chern-Simons theory of three-forms. Based on the talk at Strings'04 in Paris.
基于闭排队网络的弹射器数量配置方法%Method of the catapult quantity deployed by using closed queuing network
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈红召; 杨大鹏
2016-01-01
The catapult's quantity deployed is a major influencing factor on carrier aircrafts' sortie genera⁃tion rate. In the incipient designing period, the catapult quantity is also one of the important factors. Consid⁃ering the queuing characteristic of the launch process as well as the closed characteristic of the launch and recovery process, this paper proposes a closed queuing network based model for evaluating the influence of the catapult's quantity on sortie generation rate, which can be applied to the design of catapult's quantity. For validation, an example is designed based on the F/A-18's sortie and the recovery process in the Surge operation, whose calculating results agree well with the Surge operation.%弹射器配置数量对舰载机出动回收能力有很大影响，因此，在航母设计初期多方案论证阶段，弹射器的数量配置是必须考虑的关键问题之一。针对舰载机起飞过程的排队特点以及整个出动回收过程的闭环特点，基于排队理论建立舰载机出动回收过程的闭排队网络模型，分析弹射器数量对出动回收能力的影响，分析结果可用于支撑弹射器的数量配置设计方案。为验证模型的有效性，采用“高强度”演习中F/A-18舰载机的数据作为参数输入，结果显示模型计算分析结果与“高强度”演习结果一致。
Capacity and Delay Estimation for Roundabouts Using Conflict Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhaowei Qu
2014-01-01
Full Text Available To estimate the capacity of roundabouts more accurately, the priority rank of each stream is determined through the classification technique given in the Highway Capacity Manual 2010 (HCM2010, which is based on macroscopical analysis of the relationship between entry flow and circulating flow. Then a conflict matrix is established using the additive conflict flow method and by considering the impacts of traffic characteristics and limited priority with high volume. Correspondingly, the conflict relationships of streams are built using probability theory. Furthermore, the entry capacity model of roundabouts is built, and sensitivity analysis is conducted on the model parameters. Finally, the entrance delay model is derived using queuing theory, and the proposed capacity model is compared with the model proposed by Wu and that in the HCM2010. The results show that the capacity calculated by the proposed model is lower than the others for an A-type roundabout, while it is basically consistent with the estimated values from HCM2010 for a B-type roundabout.
Capacity and delay estimation for roundabouts using conflict theory.
Qu, Zhaowei; Duan, Yuzhou; Hu, Hongyu; Song, Xianmin
2014-01-01
To estimate the capacity of roundabouts more accurately, the priority rank of each stream is determined through the classification technique given in the Highway Capacity Manual 2010 (HCM2010), which is based on macroscopical analysis of the relationship between entry flow and circulating flow. Then a conflict matrix is established using the additive conflict flow method and by considering the impacts of traffic characteristics and limited priority with high volume. Correspondingly, the conflict relationships of streams are built using probability theory. Furthermore, the entry capacity model of roundabouts is built, and sensitivity analysis is conducted on the model parameters. Finally, the entrance delay model is derived using queuing theory, and the proposed capacity model is compared with the model proposed by Wu and that in the HCM2010. The results show that the capacity calculated by the proposed model is lower than the others for an A-type roundabout, while it is basically consistent with the estimated values from HCM2010 for a B-type roundabout.
Proposition of delay model for signalized intersections with queueing theory analytical models usage
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Grzegorz SIERPIŃSKI
2007-01-01
Full Text Available Time delay on intersections is a very important transport problem. Thearticle includes a proposition of time delay model. Variance of service times is considered by used average waiting time in queue for queuing system with compressed queuing processes usage as a part of proposed time delays model.
Simulation of queuing model with preemption and impatience customers%带优先权与不耐烦顾客排队模型的模拟仿真
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
秦海林; 刘建民
2012-01-01
考虑一个有两类顾客到达的单服务台的排队系统.两类顾客的到达过程均为泊松过程,第一类顾客较第二类顾客具有强占优先权,且第二类顾客由于第一类顾客的到达而变得不耐烦,其“耐性时间”服从负指数分布.两类顾客的服务时间服从相同参数的负指数分布,服务规则是强占优先服务,在高负荷条件下用Matlab编程对此排队系统进行模拟仿真,为处理此类排队问题提供了一个新方法.%A single-server queue system with two-class customers is considered. The arrival process of the both two-class customers is Poisson process. The first class customers have the preemptive priority and the second class customers become impatient because of the first class customers' arrival. Their tolerance time is subordinated to the negative exponential distribution. The service discipline is preemptive priority service. Under the condition of high load, the queue system is simulated with Matlab programming. It provided a new method to deal with such a queuing problem.
Marino Beiras, Marcos
2001-01-01
We give an overview of the relations between matrix models and string theory, focusing on topological string theory and the Dijkgraaf--Vafa correspondence. We discuss applications of this correspondence and its generalizations to supersymmetric gauge theory, enumerative geometry and mirror symmetry. We also present a brief overview of matrix quantum mechanical models in superstring theory.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Game Theory is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in game theory. We hear their views on game theory, its aim, scope, use, the future direction of game theory and how their work fits in these respects....
Study on the Calculation Models of Bus Delay at Bays Using Queueing Theory and Markov Chain
Sun, Li; Sun, Shao-wei; Wang, Dian-hai
2015-01-01
Traffic congestion at bus bays has decreased the service efficiency of public transit seriously in China, so it is crucial to systematically study its theory and methods. However, the existing studies lack theoretical model on computing efficiency. Therefore, the calculation models of bus delay at bays are studied. Firstly, the process that buses are delayed at bays is analyzed, and it was found that the delay can be divided into entering delay and exiting delay. Secondly, the queueing models of bus bays are formed, and the equilibrium distribution functions are proposed by applying the embedded Markov chain to the traditional model of queuing theory in the steady state; then the calculation models of entering delay are derived at bays. Thirdly, the exiting delay is studied by using the queueing theory and the gap acceptance theory. Finally, the proposed models are validated using field-measured data, and then the influencing factors are discussed. With these models the delay is easily assessed knowing the characteristics of the dwell time distribution and traffic volume at the curb lane in different locations and different periods. It can provide basis for the efficiency evaluation of bus bays. PMID:25759720
Study on the Calculation Models of Bus Delay at Bays Using Queueing Theory and Markov Chain
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Feng Sun
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Traffic congestion at bus bays has decreased the service efficiency of public transit seriously in China, so it is crucial to systematically study its theory and methods. However, the existing studies lack theoretical model on computing efficiency. Therefore, the calculation models of bus delay at bays are studied. Firstly, the process that buses are delayed at bays is analyzed, and it was found that the delay can be divided into entering delay and exiting delay. Secondly, the queueing models of bus bays are formed, and the equilibrium distribution functions are proposed by applying the embedded Markov chain to the traditional model of queuing theory in the steady state; then the calculation models of entering delay are derived at bays. Thirdly, the exiting delay is studied by using the queueing theory and the gap acceptance theory. Finally, the proposed models are validated using field-measured data, and then the influencing factors are discussed. With these models the delay is easily assessed knowing the characteristics of the dwell time distribution and traffic volume at the curb lane in different locations and different periods. It can provide basis for the efficiency evaluation of bus bays.
Study on the calculation models of bus delay at bays using queueing theory and Markov chain.
Sun, Feng; Sun, Li; Sun, Shao-Wei; Wang, Dian-Hai
2015-01-01
Traffic congestion at bus bays has decreased the service efficiency of public transit seriously in China, so it is crucial to systematically study its theory and methods. However, the existing studies lack theoretical model on computing efficiency. Therefore, the calculation models of bus delay at bays are studied. Firstly, the process that buses are delayed at bays is analyzed, and it was found that the delay can be divided into entering delay and exiting delay. Secondly, the queueing models of bus bays are formed, and the equilibrium distribution functions are proposed by applying the embedded Markov chain to the traditional model of queuing theory in the steady state; then the calculation models of entering delay are derived at bays. Thirdly, the exiting delay is studied by using the queueing theory and the gap acceptance theory. Finally, the proposed models are validated using field-measured data, and then the influencing factors are discussed. With these models the delay is easily assessed knowing the characteristics of the dwell time distribution and traffic volume at the curb lane in different locations and different periods. It can provide basis for the efficiency evaluation of bus bays.
Johnstone, PT
2014-01-01
Focusing on topos theory's integration of geometric and logical ideas into the foundations of mathematics and theoretical computer science, this volume explores internal category theory, topologies and sheaves, geometric morphisms, other subjects. 1977 edition.
Williams, Jeffrey
1994-01-01
Considers the recent flood of anthologies of literary criticism and theory as exemplifications of the confluence of pedagogical concerns, economics of publishing, and other historical factors. Looks specifically at how these anthologies present theory. Cites problems with their formatting theory and proposes alternative ways of organizing theory…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul
Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism....
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐刚; 于泳波
2013-01-01
An M/M/1 queuing system with impatient customers and single working vacation was considered. When a customer arrived in the system and realized that the server was on vacation, he activated an independent ' impatient timer'. If the custmer' s service had not been completed before the customer' s timer expired, the customer abandoned the queue, without returning. Some performance measures of the system were derived such as the mean queue sizes in the busy period and in the working vacation period by balance equations and generating functions. The effects of the two service rates on the system performance measures were investigated by numerical experiment.%讨论了一个具有不耐烦顾客的M/M/1单重工作休假排队系统.工作休假期到达的顾客变得不耐烦并激活一个服从负指数分布的计时器,如果在计时器到期之前顾客没能完成服务,则该顾客离开系统,永不返回.通过平衡方程和母函数推导出正规忙期和工作休假期的平均队长等性能指标的解析表达式.通过数值算例考察了两个服务率对系统性能指标的影响.
Loring, FH
2014-01-01
Summarising the most novel facts and theories which were coming into prominence at the time, particularly those which had not yet been incorporated into standard textbooks, this important work was first published in 1921. The subjects treated cover a wide range of research that was being conducted into the atom, and include Quantum Theory, the Bohr Theory, the Sommerfield extension of Bohr's work, the Octet Theory and Isotopes, as well as Ionisation Potentials and Solar Phenomena. Because much of the material of Atomic Theories lies on the boundary between experimentally verified fact and spec
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul
2015-01-01
Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting, and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex ...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism.......Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting, and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul
Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex a...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism.......Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...
Rowen, Louis H
1991-01-01
This is an abridged edition of the author's previous two-volume work, Ring Theory, which concentrates on essential material for a general ring theory course while ommitting much of the material intended for ring theory specialists. It has been praised by reviewers:**""As a textbook for graduate students, Ring Theory joins the best....The experts will find several attractive and pleasant features in Ring Theory. The most noteworthy is the inclusion, usually in supplements and appendices, of many useful constructions which are hard to locate outside of the original sources....The audience of non
Harris, Tina
2015-04-29
Grounded theory is a popular research approach in health care and the social sciences. This article provides a description of grounded theory methodology and its key components, using examples from published studies to demonstrate practical application. It aims to demystify grounded theory for novice nurse researchers, by explaining what it is, when to use it, why they would want to use it and how to use it. It should enable nurse researchers to decide if grounded theory is an appropriate approach for their research, and to determine the quality of any grounded theory research they read.
Research on Capacity of Locks on the Grand Canal With Queuing Theory%基于排队理论的京杭运河船闸通过能力研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
黄海鸥; 张玮; 李骁春
2009-01-01
通过对船闸营运方式的调查,结合苏北部分船闸的营运情况,将排队服务系统模型研究方法引入船闸系统的研究中,建立带有两个顾客等级的M/G/K服务系统排队模型,通过模型的求解,得出船队过闸等待时间、船舶排队长度等与船闸服务能力的关系,在此基础上分析了到船的随机性对船闸最大通过量的影响情况,并引出船闸基本通过能力的计算方法.
Chang, CC
2012-01-01
Model theory deals with a branch of mathematical logic showing connections between a formal language and its interpretations or models. This is the first and most successful textbook in logical model theory. Extensively updated and corrected in 1990 to accommodate developments in model theoretic methods - including classification theory and nonstandard analysis - the third edition added entirely new sections, exercises, and references. Each chapter introduces an individual method and discusses specific applications. Basic methods of constructing models include constants, elementary chains, Sko
Aubin, Jean-Pierre; Saint-Pierre, Patrick
2011-01-01
Viability theory designs and develops mathematical and algorithmic methods for investigating the adaptation to viability constraints of evolutions governed by complex systems under uncertainty that are found in many domains involving living beings, from biological evolution to economics, from environmental sciences to financial markets, from control theory and robotics to cognitive sciences. It involves interdisciplinary investigations spanning fields that have traditionally developed in isolation. The purpose of this book is to present an initiation to applications of viability theory, explai
Roman, Steven
2006-01-01
Intended for graduate courses or for independent study, this book presents the basic theory of fields. The first part begins with a discussion of polynomials over a ring, the division algorithm, irreducibility, field extensions, and embeddings. The second part is devoted to Galois theory. The third part of the book treats the theory of binomials. The book concludes with a chapter on families of binomials - the Kummer theory. This new edition has been completely rewritten in order to improve the pedagogy and to make the text more accessible to graduate students. The exercises have also been im
Hashiguchi, Koichi
2009-01-01
This book details the mathematics and continuum mechanics necessary as a foundation of elastoplasticity theory. It explains physical backgrounds with illustrations and provides descriptions of detailed derivation processes..
Cox, David A
2012-01-01
Praise for the First Edition ". . .will certainly fascinate anyone interested in abstract algebra: a remarkable book!"—Monatshefte fur Mathematik Galois theory is one of the most established topics in mathematics, with historical roots that led to the development of many central concepts in modern algebra, including groups and fields. Covering classic applications of the theory, such as solvability by radicals, geometric constructions, and finite fields, Galois Theory, Second Edition delves into novel topics like Abel’s theory of Abelian equations, casus irreducibili, and the Galo
Dufwenberg, Martin
2011-03-01
Game theory is a toolkit for examining situations where decision makers influence each other. I discuss the nature of game-theoretic analysis, the history of game theory, why game theory is useful for understanding human psychology, and why game theory has played a key role in the recent explosion of interest in the field of behavioral economics. WIREs Cogni Sci 2011 2 167-173 DOI: 10.1002/wcs.119 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.
An emergency department patient flow model based on queueing theory principles.
Wiler, Jennifer L; Bolandifar, Ehsan; Griffey, Richard T; Poirier, Robert F; Olsen, Tava
2013-09-01
The objective was to derive and validate a novel queuing theory-based model that predicts the effect of various patient crowding scenarios on patient left without being seen (LWBS) rates. Retrospective data were collected from all patient presentations to triage at an urban, academic, adult-only emergency department (ED) with 87,705 visits in calendar year 2008. Data from specific time windows during the day were divided into derivation and validation sets based on odd or even days. Patient records with incomplete time data were excluded. With an established call center queueing model, input variables were modified to adapt this model to the ED setting, while satisfying the underlying assumptions of queueing theory. The primary aim was the derivation and validation of an ED flow model. Chi-square and Student's t-tests were used for model derivation and validation. The secondary aim was estimating the effect of varying ED patient arrival and boarding scenarios on LWBS rates using this model. The assumption of stationarity of the model was validated for three time periods (peak arrival rate = 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; a moderate arrival rate = 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.; and lowest arrival rate = 4:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m.) and for different days of the week and month. Between 10:00 a.m. and 12:00 p.m., defined as the primary study period representing peak arrivals, 3.9% (n = 4,038) of patients LWBS. Using the derived model, the predicted LWBS rate was 4%. LWBS rates increased as the rate of ED patient arrivals, treatment times, and ED boarding times increased. A 10% increase in hourly ED patient arrivals from the observed average arrival rate increased the predicted LWBS rate to 10.8%; a 10% decrease in hourly ED patient arrivals from the observed average arrival rate predicted a 1.6% LWBS rate. A 30-minute decrease in treatment time from the observed average treatment time predicted a 1.4% LWBS. A 1% increase in patient arrivals has the same effect on LWBS rates as a 1
Manning, Phillip
2011-01-01
The study of quantum theory allowed twentieth-century scientists to examine the world in a new way, one that was filled with uncertainties and probabilities. Further study also led to the development of lasers, the atomic bomb, and the computer. This exciting new book clearly explains quantum theory and its everyday uses in our world.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ion N.Chiuta
2009-05-01
Full Text Available The paper determines relations for shieldingeffectiveness relative to several variables, includingmetal type, metal properties, thickness, distance,frequency, etc. It starts by presenting some relationshipsregarding magnetic, electric and electromagnetic fieldsas a pertinent background to understanding and applyingfield theory. Since literature about electromagneticcompatibility is replete with discussions about Maxwellequations and field theory only a few aspects arepresented.
Liu, Baoding
2015-01-01
When no samples are available to estimate a probability distribution, we have to invite some domain experts to evaluate the belief degree that each event will happen. Perhaps some people think that the belief degree should be modeled by subjective probability or fuzzy set theory. However, it is usually inappropriate because both of them may lead to counterintuitive results in this case. In order to rationally deal with belief degrees, uncertainty theory was founded in 2007 and subsequently studied by many researchers. Nowadays, uncertainty theory has become a branch of axiomatic mathematics for modeling belief degrees. This is an introductory textbook on uncertainty theory, uncertain programming, uncertain statistics, uncertain risk analysis, uncertain reliability analysis, uncertain set, uncertain logic, uncertain inference, uncertain process, uncertain calculus, and uncertain differential equation. This textbook also shows applications of uncertainty theory to scheduling, logistics, networks, data mining, c...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bjerg, Ole; Presskorn-Thygesen, Thomas
2017-01-01
The paper is a contribution to current debates about conspiracy theories within philosophy and cultural studies. Wittgenstein’s understanding of language is invoked to analyse the epistemological effects of designating particular questions and explanations as a ‘conspiracy theory......’. It is demonstrated how such a designation relegates these questions and explanations beyond the realm of meaningful discourse. In addition, Agamben’s concept of sovereignty is applied to explore the political effects of using the concept of conspiracy theory. The exceptional epistemological status assigned...... to alleged conspiracy theories within our prevalent paradigms of knowledge and truth is compared to the exceptional legal status assigned to individuals accused of terrorism under the War on Terror. The paper concludes by discussing the relation between conspiracy theory and ‘the paranoid style...
Lukeš, Jaroslav; Netuka, Ivan; Veselý, Jiří
1988-01-01
Within the tradition of meetings devoted to potential theory, a conference on potential theory took place in Prague on 19-24, July 1987. The Conference was organized by the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, with the collaboration of the Institute of Mathematics, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, the Department of Mathematics, Czech University of Technology, the Union of Czechoslovak Mathematicians and Physicists, the Czechoslovak Scientific and Technical Society, and supported by IMU. During the Conference, 69 scientific communications from different branches of potential theory were presented; the majority of them are in cluded in the present volume. (Papers based on survey lectures delivered at the Conference, its program as well as a collection of problems from potential theory will appear in a special volume of the Lecture Notes Series published by Springer-Verlag). Topics of these communications truly reflect the vast scope of contemporary potential theory. Some contributions deal...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hjørland, Birger
2009-01-01
Concept theory is an extremely broad, interdisciplinary and complex field of research related to many deep fields with very long historical traditions without much consensus. However, information science and knowledge organization cannot avoid relating to theories of concepts. Knowledge...... organizing systems (e.g. classification systems, thesauri and ontologies) should be understood as systems basically organizing concepts and their semantic relations. The same is the case with information retrieval systems. Different theories of concepts have different implications for how to construe......, evaluate and use such systems. Based on "a post-Kuhnian view" of paradigms this paper put forward arguments that the best understanding and classification of theories of concepts is to view and classify them in accordance with epistemological theories (empiricism, rationalism, historicism and pragmatism...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bjerg, Ole; Presskorn-Thygesen, Thomas
2017-01-01
The paper is a contribution to current debates about conspiracy theories within philosophy and cultural studies. Wittgenstein’s understanding of language is invoked to analyse the epistemological effects of designating particular questions and explanations as a ‘conspiracy theory......’. It is demonstrated how such a designation relegates these questions and explanations beyond the realm of meaningful discourse. In addition, Agamben’s concept of sovereignty is applied to explore the political effects of using the concept of conspiracy theory. The exceptional epistemological status assigned...... to alleged conspiracy theories within our prevalent paradigms of knowledge and truth is compared to the exceptional legal status assigned to individuals accused of terrorism under the War on Terror. The paper concludes by discussing the relation between conspiracy theory and ‘the paranoid style...
2014-01-01
Fulton’s papers also account for the stochastic nature of military medical systems, this paper is distinct because it leverages queuing theory to derive...incorporating a simulation model, this paper uses queuing theory and binary linear programming to model and examine military medical systems. There has...spatial queuing approximation model is derived to provide inputs to the BLP model, which thus reflects the underlying queuing dynamics of the system. We
Coordinating Strategy for Service Supply Chain:Based on Customer Queuing%基于顾客排队的服务供应链协调策略研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王文隆; 刘新梅; 王韬
2014-01-01
The current research on the service supply chain is still limited by the traditional product supply chainresearch framework.Research on the characteristics of service is the key topic of service supply chain manage -ment.Based on the unique characteristics that service supply chain is customer -oriented, the relationships amonga service provider, an integrator and customers are analyzed firstly.A customer queuing service supply chainmodel is established secondly.Decision problems under centralized and decentralized service supply chain areexplored thirdly.Results indicate that through choosing reasonable cost sharing coefficient and formulating costsharing contract a service provider and a service integrator are able to achieve the Pareto optimal under decentral -ized service supply chain.The results of this study have certain significance for developing and deepening theservice supply chain research.%现阶段对于服务供应链的研究仍受限于传统产品供应链的研究框架，专门针对服务特性的供应链研究是该领域的核心议题。基于服务供应链面向顾客的独有特性，首先分析了服务供应链中服务提供商、集成商与顾客之间的服务关系，然后构建了基于顾客排队的服务供应链模型，其次探讨了集中式和分散式服务供应链下双方的决策问题。研究结果表明，服务提供商、服务集成商通过选择合理的成本共担系数，制定相应的成本共担契约，是协调分散式服务供应链、实现帕累托最优的最佳策略。研究结论对于开拓和深化服务供应链研究具有一定的启示意义。
Bi-level Programming Model for VMS Layout Considering Local Queuing Delay%考虑局部排队延误的VMS选址双层规划模型
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
戢晓峰; 覃文文
2014-01-01
Using Monte Carlo methodology to characterize randomness of the road network state, a number of candidate variable message signs (VMS) locations are deployed in bottleneck links, and then a bi-objective bi-level programming model is established for optimization of VMS location. The upper level model is a dual-objective programming model considering the minimum of uncertain risk decision-making and the maximum of guidance benefits. The lower level model is stochastic user equilibrium with local network considering queuing delay. The augmented Lagrange dual algorithm combined with method successive average algorithm is adopted to solve the lower model, and the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II) is adopted to solve the whole bi-level programming. Analysis result indicates that NSGA-II can effectively solve the bi-level programming model of VMS location under the restriction of capital budget, and get 6 Pareto solutions. Outcomes of this research can provide decision support for optimization and construction of VMS layout in uncertain road network.%用Monte Carlo模拟技术刻画路网状态的随机性，优先考虑在交通网络瓶颈路段设置可变信息板待选点，建立多目标优化可变信息板选址双层规划模型。上层模型为基于不确定风险决策最小和诱导效益最大的双目标规划模型，下层模型为考虑局部网络有排队延迟现象的随机用户平衡模型。采用增广Lagrange对偶算法与相继平均算法组合求解下层模型，采用非劣排序遗传算法-II求解整个双层规划模型。算例结果表明，在可变信息板资金预算约束下，非劣排序遗传算法-II能够有效求解可变信息板选址的多目标优化问题，得到6组Pareto解。研究结果可为城市道路网可变信息板诱导配置的优化和建设提供决策支持。
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kuwahara, M. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Institute of Industrial Science
1998-04-01
This paper explains theoretical results achieved to date on the fundamental theory for time smoothing which is drawing attention as a measure to mitigate traffic congestion, that is departure time choice theory for highway traffic. If a trip having a definite restriction on arrival time is used as an object of the discussion, the travel expense for a traveler consists of an expense for travel time when a car was driven at free speeds, an expense for waiting time at bottlenecks, and an expense incurred by schedule delay (s). Under an assumption that the traveler selects departure time to minimize the expense, a time-based equilibrium condition can be introduced. If a schedule expense function (f(s)) to convert `s` into an expense is convex with regard to the `s`, the first in first work (FIFW) principle can be established, that the bottleneck is reached in the order of earlier departure time that is desired. Thus, starting from handling numerically the relationship between queuing expense function in the bottleneck and the f(s), the theory developed to the multiple bottleneck and random effect theory. 19 refs., 8 figs.
Bernardo, Jose M
2000-01-01
This highly acclaimed text, now available in paperback, provides a thorough account of key concepts and theoretical results, with particular emphasis on viewing statistical inference as a special case of decision theory. Information-theoretic concepts play a central role in the development of the theory, which provides, in particular, a detailed discussion of the problem of specification of so-called prior ignorance . The work is written from the authors s committed Bayesian perspective, but an overview of non-Bayesian theories is also provided, and each chapter contains a wide-ranging critica
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kathleen Holtz Deal
2007-05-01
Full Text Available Psychodynamic theory, a theory of personality originated by Sigmund Freud, has a long and complex history within social work and continues to be utilized by social workers. This article traces the theory’s development and explains key concepts with an emphasis on its current relational focus within object relations theory and self-psychology. Empirical support for theoretical concepts and the effectiveness of psychodynamic therapies is reviewed and critiqued. Future directions are discussed, including addressing cultural considerations, increasing research, and emphasizing a relational paradigm
Andrews, George E
1994-01-01
Although mathematics majors are usually conversant with number theory by the time they have completed a course in abstract algebra, other undergraduates, especially those in education and the liberal arts, often need a more basic introduction to the topic.In this book the author solves the problem of maintaining the interest of students at both levels by offering a combinatorial approach to elementary number theory. In studying number theory from such a perspective, mathematics majors are spared repetition and provided with new insights, while other students benefit from the consequent simpl
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Smith, Shelley
This paper came about within the context of a 13-month research project, Focus Area 1 - Method and Theory, at the Center for Public Space Research at the Royal Academy of the Arts School of Architecture in Copenhagen, Denmark. This project has been funded by RealDania. The goals of the research...... project, Focus Area 1 - Method and Theory, which forms the framework for this working paper, are: * To provide a basis from which to discuss the concept of public space in a contemporary architectural and urban context - specifically relating to theory and method * To broaden the discussion of the concept...
Lubliner, Jacob
2008-01-01
The aim of Plasticity Theory is to provide a comprehensive introduction to the contemporary state of knowledge in basic plasticity theory and to its applications. It treats several areas not commonly found between the covers of a single book: the physics of plasticity, constitutive theory, dynamic plasticity, large-deformation plasticity, and numerical methods, in addition to a representative survey of problems treated by classical methods, such as elastic-plastic problems, plane plastic flow, and limit analysis; the problem discussed come from areas of interest to mechanical, structural, and
Nel, Louis
2016-01-01
This book presents a detailed, self-contained theory of continuous mappings. It is mainly addressed to students who have already studied these mappings in the setting of metric spaces, as well as multidimensional differential calculus. The needed background facts about sets, metric spaces and linear algebra are developed in detail, so as to provide a seamless transition between students' previous studies and new material. In view of its many novel features, this book will be of interest also to mature readers who have studied continuous mappings from the subject's classical texts and wish to become acquainted with a new approach. The theory of continuous mappings serves as infrastructure for more specialized mathematical theories like differential equations, integral equations, operator theory, dynamical systems, global analysis, topological groups, topological rings and many more. In light of the centrality of the topic, a book of this kind fits a variety of applications, especially those that contribute to ...
Hodges, Wilfrid
1993-01-01
An up-to-date and integrated introduction to model theory, designed to be used for graduate courses (for students who are familiar with first-order logic), and as a reference for more experienced logicians and mathematicians.
Koschmann, Timothy; Roschelle, Jeremy; Nardi, Bonnie A.
1998-01-01
Includes three articles that discuss activity theory, based on "Context and Consciousness." Topics include human-computer interaction; computer interfaces; hierarchical structuring; mediation; contradictions and development; failure analysis; and designing educational technology. (LRW)
Gould, Ronald
2012-01-01
This introduction to graph theory focuses on well-established topics, covering primary techniques and including both algorithmic and theoretical problems. The algorithms are presented with a minimum of advanced data structures and programming details. This thoroughly corrected 1988 edition provides insights to computer scientists as well as advanced undergraduates and graduate students of topology, algebra, and matrix theory. Fundamental concepts and notation and elementary properties and operations are the first subjects, followed by examinations of paths and searching, trees, and networks. S
1988-06-30
MATRICES . The monograph Nonnegative Matrices [6] is an advanced book on all aspect of the theory of nonnegative matrices and...and on inverse eigenvalue problems for nonnegative matrices . The work explores some of the most recent developments in the theory of nonnegative...k -1, t0 . Define the associated polynomial of type <z>: t t-t 2 t-t 3 t-tk_ 1,X - x - x . . .X- where t = tk . The
Maximum Entropy Principle Based Estimation of Performance Distribution in Queueing Theory
He, Dayi; Li, Ran; Huang, Qi; Lei, Ping
2014-01-01
In related research on queuing systems, in order to determine the system state, there is a widespread practice to assume that the system is stable and that distributions of the customer arrival ratio and service ratio are known information. In this study, the queuing system is looked at as a black box without any assumptions on the distribution of the arrival and service ratios and only keeping the assumption on the stability of the queuing system. By applying the principle of maximum entropy, the performance distribution of queuing systems is derived from some easily accessible indexes, such as the capacity of the system, the mean number of customers in the system, and the mean utilization of the servers. Some special cases are modeled and their performance distributions are derived. Using the chi-square goodness of fit test, the accuracy and generality for practical purposes of the principle of maximum entropy approach is demonstrated. PMID:25207992
Maximum entropy principle based estimation of performance distribution in queueing theory.
He, Dayi; Li, Ran; Huang, Qi; Lei, Ping
2014-01-01
In related research on queuing systems, in order to determine the system state, there is a widespread practice to assume that the system is stable and that distributions of the customer arrival ratio and service ratio are known information. In this study, the queuing system is looked at as a black box without any assumptions on the distribution of the arrival and service ratios and only keeping the assumption on the stability of the queuing system. By applying the principle of maximum entropy, the performance distribution of queuing systems is derived from some easily accessible indexes, such as the capacity of the system, the mean number of customers in the system, and the mean utilization of the servers. Some special cases are modeled and their performance distributions are derived. Using the chi-square goodness of fit test, the accuracy and generality for practical purposes of the principle of maximum entropy approach is demonstrated.
Maximum entropy principle based estimation of performance distribution in queueing theory.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dayi He
Full Text Available In related research on queuing systems, in order to determine the system state, there is a widespread practice to assume that the system is stable and that distributions of the customer arrival ratio and service ratio are known information. In this study, the queuing system is looked at as a black box without any assumptions on the distribution of the arrival and service ratios and only keeping the assumption on the stability of the queuing system. By applying the principle of maximum entropy, the performance distribution of queuing systems is derived from some easily accessible indexes, such as the capacity of the system, the mean number of customers in the system, and the mean utilization of the servers. Some special cases are modeled and their performance distributions are derived. Using the chi-square goodness of fit test, the accuracy and generality for practical purposes of the principle of maximum entropy approach is demonstrated.
Possibility Theory versus Probability Theory in Fuzzy Measure Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Parul Agarwal
2015-05-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to compare probability theory with possibility theory, and to use this comparison in comparing probability theory with fuzzy set theory. The best way of comparing probabilistic and possibilistic conceptualizations of uncertainty is to examine the two theories from a broader perspective. Such a perspective is offered by evidence theory, within which probability theory and possibility theory are recognized as special branches. While the various characteristic of possibility theory within the broader framework of evidence theory are expounded in this paper, we need to introduce their probabilistic counterparts to facilitate our discussion.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Carroll, Joseph; Clasen, Mathias; Jonsson, Emelie
2017-01-01
Biocultural theory is an integrative research program designed to investigate the causal interactions between biological adaptations and cultural constructions. From the biocultural perspective, cultural processes are rooted in the biological necessities of the human life cycle: specifically human...... and ideological beliefs, and artistic practices such as music, dance, painting, and storytelling. Establishing biocultural theory as a program that self-consciously encompasses the different particular forms of human evolutionary research could help scholars and scientists envision their own specialized areas...... of research as contributions to a coherent, collective research program. This article argues that a mature biocultural paradigm needs to be informed by at least 7 major research clusters: (a) gene-culture coevolution; (b) human life history theory; (c) evolutionary social psychology; (d) anthropological...
Queuing delays in randomized load balanced networks
Borst, S.C.; et al, not CWI
2007-01-01
Valiant’s concept of Randomized Load Balancing (RLB), also promoted under the name ‘two-phase routing’, has previously been shown to provide a cost-effective way of implementing overlay networks that are robust to dynamically changing demand patterns. RLB is accomplished in two steps; in the first s
Atomic routing in a deterministic queuing model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
T.L. Werth
2014-03-01
We also consider the makespan objective (arrival time of the last user and show that optimal solutions and Nash equilibria in these games, where every user selfishly tries to minimize her travel time, can be found efficiently.
Step tolling with bottleneck queuing congestion
Berg, van den V.A.C.; Verhoef, E.T.; Lindsey, C.R.
2012-01-01
. It also proposes a third scheme in which late in the rush hour drivers slow down or stop just before reaching a tolling point, and wait until the toll is lowered from one step to the next step. Such ‘braking’ behaviour has been observed in practice. Analytical derivations and numerical modelling s
Donnellan, Thomas; Maxwell, E A; Plumpton, C
1968-01-01
Lattice Theory presents an elementary account of a significant branch of contemporary mathematics concerning lattice theory. This book discusses the unusual features, which include the presentation and exploitation of partitions of a finite set. Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the concept of several topics, including sets in general, the relations and operations, the relation of equivalence, and the relation of congruence. This text then defines the relation of partial order and then partially ordered sets, including chains. Other chapters examine the properti
S Varadhan, S R
2001-01-01
This volume presents topics in probability theory covered during a first-year graduate course given at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. The necessary background material in measure theory is developed, including the standard topics, such as extension theorem, construction of measures, integration, product spaces, Radon-Nikodym theorem, and conditional expectation. In the first part of the book, characteristic functions are introduced, followed by the study of weak convergence of probability distributions. Then both the weak and strong limit theorems for sums of independent rando
Stewart, Ian
2003-01-01
Ian Stewart's Galois Theory has been in print for 30 years. Resoundingly popular, it still serves its purpose exceedingly well. Yet mathematics education has changed considerably since 1973, when theory took precedence over examples, and the time has come to bring this presentation in line with more modern approaches.To this end, the story now begins with polynomials over the complex numbers, and the central quest is to understand when such polynomials have solutions that can be expressed by radicals. Reorganization of the material places the concrete before the abstract, thus motivating the g
The Analysis on Translation System Based on Asymmetric Cyclic Polling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
By the imbedded Markov chain theory and the probability generating function method, this paper discusses the queuing model of the switch node at the router and analyzes the derivative characters of first and second order of discrete asymmetric tri-queuing gate polling system. The average waiting time and the average queuing length are explicitly obtained and these results are verified by simulation.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
潘全如
2012-01-01
在系统顾客容量不变的情况下,顾客到达系统后是否进入系统接受服务对销售行业影响是巨大的.从排队长度对顾客输入率的影响着手,研究了输入率、服务正确率及不耐烦顾客强度均与队长有关的排队模型,得出了进入系统的顾客流是泊松过程.系统中的顾客数是生灭过程,同时求得了系统的队长平稳分布,因没有进入系统而导致系统损失的概率、因不耐烦而离去的顾客的均值、单位时间内系统服务错误率、因系统容量有限而无法加入队列的损失概率等多项指标,得出了并非输入率越高系统就盈利越多、并非系统服务正确率越低系统就赚得越少等结论.还得到了能使企业利润最大化的系统容量及服务速度,为销售行业提高自己的销售业绩提供了很有价值的参考.%The customers do not necessarily get into the system though arriving at it in the case of a fixed customer number, which influences sales industry enormously. Focusing on the influence of queue length on input rate, we build up a queuing model with variable input rates,mistake service and impatient customers, and draw the following conclusions; the customers get into the system in Poissonian flow; the number of customers in the system is a birth-death process. We obtained the stationary queue length distribution of the model, the loss probability for the customers not entering the system while arriving at the system, the mean of the customers who leaves the system due to impatience, the service error rate per unit time and the loss probability for the customers not joining the queue due to the limited capacity of the system and so on. This paper also justifies the falsehood of the following assumptions: the bigger the input rate is, the more profit business will get; the bigger the number of impatient customers is, the less profit business will make. We also obtaind the appropriate service speed and capacity a
Effective theories of universal theories
Wells, James D
2015-01-01
It is well-known but sometimes overlooked that constraints on the oblique parameters (most notably $S$ and $T$ parameters) are only applicable to a special class of new physics scenarios known as universal theories. In the effective field theory (EFT) framework, the oblique parameters should not be associated with Wilson coefficients in a particular operator basis, unless restrictions have been imposed on the EFT so that it describes universal theories. We work out these restrictions, and present a detailed EFT analysis of universal theories. We find that at the dimension-6 level, universal theories are completely characterized by 16 parameters. They are conveniently chosen to be: 5 oblique parameters that agree with the commonly-adopted ones, 4 anomalous triple-gauge couplings, 3 rescaling factors for the $h^3$, $hff$, $hVV$ vertices, 3 parameters for $hVV$ vertices absent in the Standard Model, and 1 four-fermion coupling of order $y_f^2$. All these parameters are defined in an unambiguous and basis-indepen...
An Approximate Dynamic Programming Mode for Optimal MEDEVAC Dispatching
2015-03-26
but also the queuing of calls via the Hypercube model. Silva & Serra (2008) expand upon covering problems by incorporating queuing theory as well as...casualty category is used as the reward function. We incorporate queuing in the model to allow multiple casualty events to occur and the decision to wait...different priorities: the priority queuing covering location problem. Journal of the Opera- tional Research Society, 59(9), 1229–1238. Spurgeon, Neel. 1991
Lenz, Alexander
2016-01-01
We set the scene for theoretical issues in charm physics that were discussed at CHARM 2016 in Bologna. In particular we emphasize the importance of improving our understanding of standard model contributions to numerous charm observables and we discuss also possible tests of our theory tools, like the Heavy Quark Expansion via the lifetime ratios of $D$-mesons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Friedrich, Harald [Technische Univ. Muenchen, Garching (Germany). Physik-Department
2013-08-01
Written by the author of the widely acclaimed textbook. Theoretical Atomic Physics Includes sections on quantum reflection, tunable Feshbach resonances and Efimov states. Useful for advanced students and researchers. This book presents a concise and modern coverage of scattering theory. It is motivated by the fact that experimental advances have shifted and broadened the scope of applications where concepts from scattering theory are used, e.g. to the field of ultracold atoms and molecules, which has been experiencing enormous growth in recent years, largely triggered by the successful realization of Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases in 1995. In the present treatment, special attention is given to the role played by the long-range behaviour of the projectile-target interaction, and a theory is developed, which is well suited to describe near-threshold bound and continuum states in realistic binary systems such as diatomic molecules or molecular ions. The level of abstraction is kept as low as at all possible, and deeper questions related to mathematical foundations of scattering theory are passed by. The book should be understandable for anyone with a basic knowledge of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. It is intended for advanced students and researchers, and it is hoped that it will be useful for theorists and experimentalists alike.
Plummer, MD
1986-01-01
This study of matching theory deals with bipartite matching, network flows, and presents fundamental results for the non-bipartite case. It goes on to study elementary bipartite graphs and elementary graphs in general. Further discussed are 2-matchings, general matching problems as linear programs, the Edmonds Matching Algorithm (and other algorithmic approaches), f-factors and vertex packing.
R. Veenhoven (Ruut)
2014-01-01
markdownabstract__Abstract__ Assumptions Livability theory involves the following six key assumptions: 1. Like all animals, humans have innate needs, such as for food, safety, and companionship. 2. Gratification of needs manifests in hedonic experience. 3. Hedonic experience determines how much we
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Monthoux, Pierre Guillet de; Statler, Matt
2014-01-01
The recent Carnegie report (Colby, et al., 2011) characterizes the goal of business education as the development of practical wisdom. In this chapter, the authors reframe Scharmer’s Theory U as an attempt to develop practical wisdom by applying certain European philosophical concepts. Specificall...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Guillet de Monthoux, Pierre; Statler, Matt
2017-01-01
The recent Carnegie report (Colby, et al., 2011) characterizes the goal of business education as the development of practical wisdom. In this chapter, the authors reframe Scharmer's Theory U as an attempt to develop practical wisdom by applying certain European philosophical concepts. Specificall...
de Vreese, C.H.; Lecheler, S.; Mazzoleni, G.; Barnhurst, K.G.; Ikeda, K.; Maia, R.C.M.; Wessler, H.
2016-01-01
Political issues can be viewed from different perspectives and they can be defined differently in the news media by emphasizing some aspects and leaving others aside. This is at the core of news framing theory. Framing originates within sociology and psychology and has become one of the most used th
Hall, Marshall
2011-01-01
Includes proof of van der Waerden's 1926 conjecture on permanents, Wilson's theorem on asymptotic existence, and other developments in combinatorics since 1967. Also covers coding theory and its important connection with designs, problems of enumeration, and partition. Presents fundamentals in addition to latest advances, with illustrative problems at the end of each chapter. Enlarged appendixes include a longer list of block designs.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bertelsen, Olav Wedege; Bødker, Susanne
2003-01-01
the young HCI research tradition. But HCI was already facing problems: lack of consideration for other aspects of human behavior, for interaction with other people, for culture. Cognitive science-based theories lacked means to address several issues that came out of the empirical projects....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Monthoux, Pierre Guillet de; Statler, Matt
2014-01-01
The recent Carnegie report (Colby, et al., 2011) characterizes the goal of business education as the development of practical wisdom. In this chapter, the authors reframe Scharmer’s Theory U as an attempt to develop practical wisdom by applying certain European philosophical concepts. Specifically...
Optimal control of ICU patient discharge: from theory to implementation.
Mallor, Fermín; Azcárate, Cristina; Barado, Julio
2015-09-01
This paper deals with the management of scarce health care resources. We consider a control problem in which the objective is to minimize the rate of patient rejection due to service saturation. The scope of decisions is limited, in terms both of the amount of resources to be used, which are supposed to be fixed, and of the patient arrival pattern, which is assumed to be uncontrollable. This means that the only potential areas of control are speed or completeness of service. By means of queuing theory and optimization techniques, we provide a theoretical solution expressed in terms of service rates. In order to make this theoretical analysis useful for the effective control of the healthcare system, however, further steps in the analysis of the solution are required: physicians need flexible and medically-meaningful operative rules for shortening patient length of service to the degree needed to give the service rates dictated by the theoretical analysis. The main contribution of this paper is to discuss how the theoretical solutions can be transformed into effective management rules to guide doctors' decisions. The study examines three types of rules based on intuitive interpretations of the theoretical solution. Rules are evaluated through implementation in a simulation model. We compare the service rates provided by the different policies with those dictated by the theoretical solution. Probabilistic analysis is also included to support rule validity. An Intensive Care Unit is used to illustrate this control problem. The study focuses on the Markovian case before moving on to consider more realistic LoS distributions (Weibull, Lognormal and Phase-type distribution).
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Stein, Irene F.; Stelter, Reinhard
2011-01-01
Communication theory covers a wide variety of theories related to the communication process (Littlejohn, 1999). Communication is not simply an exchange of information, in which we have a sender and a receiver. This very technical concept of communication is clearly outdated; a human being...... is not a data processing device. In this chapter, communication is understood as a process of shared meaning-making (Bruner, 1990). Human beings interpret their environment, other people, and themselves on the basis of their dynamic interaction with the surrounding world. Meaning is essential because people...... ascribe specific meanings to their experiences, their actions in life or work, and their interactions. Meaning is reshaped, adapted, and transformed in every communication encounter. Furthermore, meaning is cocreated in dialogues or in communities of practice, such as in teams at a workplace or in school...
Helms, Lester L
2014-01-01
Potential Theory presents a clear path from calculus to classical potential theory and beyond, with the aim of moving the reader into the area of mathematical research as quickly as possible. The subject matter is developed from first principles using only calculus. Commencing with the inverse square law for gravitational and electromagnetic forces and the divergence theorem, the author develops methods for constructing solutions of Laplace's equation on a region with prescribed values on the boundary of the region. The latter half of the book addresses more advanced material aimed at those with the background of a senior undergraduate or beginning graduate course in real analysis. Starting with solutions of the Dirichlet problem subject to mixed boundary conditions on the simplest of regions, methods of morphing such solutions onto solutions of Poisson's equation on more general regions are developed using diffeomorphisms and the Perron-Wiener-Brelot method, culminating in application to Brownian motion. In ...
Hashiguchi, Koichi
2014-01-01
This book was written to serve as the standard textbook of elastoplasticity for students, engineers and researchers in the field of applied mechanics. The present second edition is improved thoroughly from the first edition by selecting the standard theories from various formulations and models, which are required to study the essentials of elastoplasticity steadily and effectively and will remain universally in the history of elastoplasticity. It opens with an explanation of vector-tensor analysis and continuum mechanics as a foundation to study elastoplasticity theory, extending over various strain and stress tensors and their rates. Subsequently, constitutive equations of elastoplastic and viscoplastic deformations for monotonic, cyclic and non-proportional loading behavior in a general rate and their applications to metals and soils are described in detail, and constitutive equations of friction behavior between solids and its application to the prediction of stick-slip phenomena are delineated. In additi...
2015-01-01
A one-sentence definition of operator theory could be: The study of (linear) continuous operations between topological vector spaces, these being in general (but not exclusively) Fréchet, Banach, or Hilbert spaces (or their duals). Operator theory is thus a very wide field, with numerous facets, both applied and theoretical. There are deep connections with complex analysis, functional analysis, mathematical physics, and electrical engineering, to name a few. Fascinating new applications and directions regularly appear, such as operator spaces, free probability, and applications to Clifford analysis. In our choice of the sections, we tried to reflect this diversity. This is a dynamic ongoing project, and more sections are planned, to complete the picture. We hope you enjoy the reading, and profit from this endeavor.
Diestel, Reinhard
2017-01-01
This standard textbook of modern graph theory, now in its fifth edition, combines the authority of a classic with the engaging freshness of style that is the hallmark of active mathematics. It covers the core material of the subject with concise yet reliably complete proofs, while offering glimpses of more advanced methods in each field by one or two deeper results, again with proofs given in full detail. The book can be used as a reliable text for an introductory course, as a graduate text, and for self-study. From the reviews: “This outstanding book cannot be substituted with any other book on the present textbook market. It has every chance of becoming the standard textbook for graph theory.”Acta Scientiarum Mathematiciarum “Deep, clear, wonderful. This is a serious book about the heart of graph theory. It has depth and integrity. ”Persi Diaconis & Ron Graham, SIAM Review “The book has received a very enthusiastic reception, which it amply deserves. A masterly elucidation of modern graph theo...
Friedrich, Harald
2016-01-01
This corrected and updated second edition of "Scattering Theory" presents a concise and modern coverage of the subject. In the present treatment, special attention is given to the role played by the long-range behaviour of the projectile-target interaction, and a theory is developed, which is well suited to describe near-threshold bound and continuum states in realistic binary systems such as diatomic molecules or molecular ions. It is motivated by the fact that experimental advances have shifted and broadened the scope of applications where concepts from scattering theory are used, e.g. to the field of ultracold atoms and molecules, which has been experiencing enormous growth in recent years, largely triggered by the successful realization of Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases in 1995. The book contains sections on special topics such as near-threshold quantization, quantum reflection, Feshbach resonances and the quantum description of scattering in two dimensions. The level of abstraction is k...
The application of queue theory in cloud computing to reduce the waiting time
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N.N. Bharkad
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Cloud computing is a new technology in computer field to provide on line service to the customers. -Cloud computing has got enormous popularity as it offers dynamic, low-cost computing solutions. To get the service of cloud the user has to be in queue until he is served. Each arriving Cloud computing User (CCU requests Cloud computing Service Provider (CCSP to use the resources, if server is available, the arriving user will seize and hold it for a length of time, which leads to queue length and more waiting time. A new arrival leaves the queue with no service. After service completion the server is made immediately available to others. From the user’s point of view he needs to be served immediately and to prevent waiting the CCSP’s can use infinite servers to reduce waiting time & queue length. The arrival pattern is often Poisson in queuing theory. In this article we analyzed the dynamic behavior of the system with infinite servers by finding various effective measures like response time, average time spend in the system, utilization and throughput.
Blyth, T S; Sneddon, I N; Stark, M
1972-01-01
Residuation Theory aims to contribute to literature in the field of ordered algebraic structures, especially on the subject of residual mappings. The book is divided into three chapters. Chapter 1 focuses on ordered sets; directed sets; semilattices; lattices; and complete lattices. Chapter 2 tackles Baer rings; Baer semigroups; Foulis semigroups; residual mappings; the notion of involution; and Boolean algebras. Chapter 3 covers residuated groupoids and semigroups; group homomorphic and isotone homomorphic Boolean images of ordered semigroups; Dubreil-Jacotin and Brouwer semigroups; and loli
Diestel, Reinhard
2012-01-01
HauptbeschreibungThis standard textbook of modern graph theory, now in its fourth edition, combinesthe authority of a classic with the engaging freshness of style that is the hallmarkof active mathematics. It covers the core material of the subject with concise yetreliably complete proofs, while offering glimpses of more advanced methodsin each field by one or two deeper results, again with proofs given in full detail.The book can be used as a reliable text for an introductory course, as a graduatetext, and for self-study. Rezension"Deep, clear, wonderful. This is a serious book about the
2009-01-01
This book deals with the basic subjects of design theory. It begins with balanced incomplete block designs, various constructions of which are described in ample detail. In particular, finite projective and affine planes, difference sets and Hadamard matrices, as tools to construct balanced incomplete block designs, are included. Orthogonal latin squares are also treated in detail. Zhu's simpler proof of the falsity of Euler's conjecture is included. The construction of some classes of balanced incomplete block designs, such as Steiner triple systems and Kirkman triple systems, are also given.
Goldie, Charles M
1991-01-01
This book is an introduction, for mathematics students, to the theories of information and codes. They are usually treated separately but, as both address the problem of communication through noisy channels (albeit from different directions), the authors have been able to exploit the connection to give a reasonably self-contained treatment, relating the probabilistic and algebraic viewpoints. The style is discursive and, as befits the subject, plenty of examples and exercises are provided. Some examples and exercises are provided. Some examples of computer codes are given to provide concrete illustrations of abstract ideas.
Merris, Russell
2001-01-01
A lively invitation to the flavor, elegance, and power of graph theoryThis mathematically rigorous introduction is tempered and enlivened by numerous illustrations, revealing examples, seductive applications, and historical references. An award-winning teacher, Russ Merris has crafted a book designed to attract and engage through its spirited exposition, a rich assortment of well-chosen exercises, and a selection of topics that emphasizes the kinds of things that can be manipulated, counted, and pictured. Intended neither to be a comprehensive overview nor an encyclopedic reference, th
Diestel, Reinhard
2000-01-01
This book is a concise, yet carefully written, introduction to modern graph theory, covering all its major recent developments. It can be used both as a reliable textbook for an introductory course and as a graduate text: on each topic it covers all the basic material in full detail, and adds one or two deeper results (again with detailed proofs) to illustrate the more advanced methods of that field. This second edition extends the first in two ways. It offers a thoroughly revised and updated chapter on graph minors, which now includes full new proofs of two of the central Robertson-Seymour theorems (as well as a detailed sketch of the entire proof of their celebrated Graph Minor Theorem). Second, there is now a section of hints for all the exercises, to enhance their value for both individual study and classroom use.
General Theories of Regulation
Hertog, J.A. den
1999-01-01
This chapter makes a distinction between three types of theories of regulation: public interest theories, the Chicago theory of regulation and the public choice theories. The Chicago theory is mainly directed at the explanation of economic regulation; public interest theories and public choice theor
THEORIES OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sorin Nicolae BORLEA
2013-03-01
Full Text Available This study attempts to provide a theoretical framework for the corporate governance debate. The review of various corporate governance theories enhances the major objective of corporate governance which is maximizing the value for shareholders by ensuring good social and environment performances. The theories of corporate governance are rooted in agency theory with the theory of moral hazard’s implications, further developing within stewardship theory and stakeholder theory and evolving at resource dependence theory, transaction cost theory and political theory. Later, to these theories was added ethics theory, information asymmetry theory or the theory of efficient markets. These theories are defined based on the causes and effects of variables such as: the configuration of the board of directors, audit committee, independence of managers, the role of top management and their social relations beyond the legal regulatory framework. Effective corporate governance requires applying a combination
Gauge theory and little gauge theory
Koizumi, Kozo
2016-01-01
The gauge theory is the most important type of the field theory, in which the interactions of the elementary particles are described by the exchange of the gauge bosons.In this article, the gauge theory is reexamined as geometry of the vector space, and a new concept of "little gauge theory" is introduced. A key peculiarity of the little gauge theory is that the theory is able to give a restriction for form of the connection field. Based on the little gauge theory, Cartan geometry, a charged boson and the Dirac fermion field theory are investigated. In particular, the Dirac fermion field theory leads to an extension of Sogami's covariant derivative. And it is interpreted that Higgs bosons are included in new fields introduced in this article.
Riyopoulos, Spilios
1996-03-01
A guiding center fluid theory is applied to model steady-state, single mode, high-power magnetron operation. A hub of uniform, prescribed density, feeds the current spokes. The spoke charge follows from the continuity equation and the incompressibility of the guiding center flow. Included are the spoke self-fields (DC and AC), obtained by an expansion around the unperturbed (zero-spoke charge) flow in powers of ν/V1, ν, and V1 being the effective charge density and AC amplitude. The spoke current is obtained as a nonlinear function of the detuning from the synchronous (Buneman-Hartree, BH) voltage Vs; the spoke charge is included in the self-consistent definition of Vs. It is shown that there is a DC voltage region of width ‖V-Vs‖˜V1, where the spoke width is constant and the spoke current is simply proportional to the AC voltage. The magnetron characteristic curves are ``flat'' in that range, and are approximated by a linear expansion around Vs. The derived formulas differ from earlier results [J. F. Hull, in Cross Field Microwave Devices, edited by E. Okress (Academic, New York, 1961), pp. 496-527] in (a) there is no current cutoff at synchronism; the tube operates well below as well above the BH voltage; (b) the characteristics are single valued within the synchronous voltage range; (c) the hub top is not treated as virtual cathode; and (d) the hub density is not equal to the Brillouin density; comparisons with tube measurements show the best agreement for hub density near half the Brillouin density. It is also shown that at low space charge and low power the gain curve is symmetric relative to the voltage (frequency) detuning. While symmetry is broken at high-power/high space charge magnetron operation, the BH voltage remains between the current cutoff voltages.
Müller, Gert; Sacks, Gerald
1990-01-01
These proceedings contain research and survey papers from many subfields of recursion theory, with emphasis on degree theory, in particular the development of frameworks for current techniques in this field. Other topics covered include computational complexity theory, generalized recursion theory, proof theoretic questions in recursion theory, and recursive mathematics.
1982-02-01
of collections of associations, Need theory consists of interrelated concepts, social learning theory consists of rule application in the social...Ryan’s Learning Subdivisions Hierarchically Arranged -27- Landy: ONR Annual Report Expectancy Theory Effectance Theory Social Learning Theory Self-Esteem
Composite Photon Theory Versus Elementary Photon Theory
Perkins, Walton A
2015-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to show that the composite photon theory measures up well against the Standard Model's elementary photon theory. This is done by comparing the two theories area by area. Although the predictions of quantum electrodynamics are in excellent agreement with experiment (as in the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron), there are some problems, such as the difficulty in describing the electromagnetic field with the four-component vector potential because the photon has only two polarization states. In most areas the two theories give similar results, so it is impossible to rule out the composite photon theory. Pryce's arguments in 1938 against a composite photon theory are shown to be invalid or irrelevant. Recently, it has been realized that in the composite theory the antiphoton does not interact with matter because it is formed of a neutrino and an antineutrino with the wrong helicity. This leads to experimental tests that can determine which theory is correct.
Decidability of formal theories and hyperincursivity theory
Grappone, Arturo G.
2000-05-01
This paper shows the limits of the Proof Standard Theory (briefly, PST) and gives some ideas of how to build a proof anticipatory theory (briefly, PAT) that has no such limits. Also, this paper considers that Gödel's proof of the undecidability of Principia Mathematica formal theory is not valid for axiomatic theories that use a PAT to build their proofs because the (hyper)incursive functions are self-representable.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
余玅妙; 唐应辉; 付永红; 刘强国
2011-01-01
Applying the supplementary variable technique and embedded Markov chain method based on the iteration of conditional probability matrix, we studied a discrete-time GI/D-MSP/1 /N queuing system with negative customer arrival and RCH killing policy. Three kinds of queue length distributions, namely the queue length distribution at positive customer pre-arrival, arbitrary and outside observer's observation epochs, are obtained. Furthermore, we also considered the waiting time distribution of the accessible positive customer. Finally, we presented several numerical examples under some special cases to demonstrate the correctness of the theoretical analysis of this algorithm.%综合运用补充变量方法和基于条件概率矩阵迭代的嵌入Markov链方法研究了具有负顾客到达和RCH移除策略的离散时间GI/D-MSP/1/N排队系统.获得了稳态情形下正顾客到达前夕,任意时隙分点以及外部观测时刻的三种队长分布.并进一步讨论了可入系统正顾客的等待时间分布.最后通过几个特殊情形下的数值算例验证了计算方法理论分析的正确性.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
高卓; 徐德举
2015-01-01
We studied a discrete time queuing system with multiple types of customers and a first-come-first-served (FCFS) service discipline. Customers arrive according to a semi-Markov arrival process and the service times of individual customers have PH-distributions. We studied SM[K]/PH[K]/1/FCFS queue and analyzed its generalized age process particularly. We introduced some auxiliary variables to construct a Markov chain associated with ag(t) and obtained the transition probability matrix of this Markov chain.%基于一个离散时间的排队系统：顾客有着多种类型，成批到达，到达过程是一个半马尔可夫过程，按照先来先服务的准则，并且每一个顾客的服务时间服从各自的 PH 分布。对这个离散时间 SM[K]/PH[K]/1/FCFS 排队系统年龄过程进行了详细分析，引进一些附加变量构造一个关于年龄过程的马尔可夫链，从而计算出年龄过程的转移矩阵。
Mangani, P
2011-01-01
This title includes: Lectures - G.E. Sacks - Model theory and applications, and H.J. Keisler - Constructions in model theory; and, Seminars - M. Servi - SH formulas and generalized exponential, and J.A. Makowski - Topological model theory.
Decoding the architectural theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Gu Mengchao
2008-01-01
Starting from the illustration of the definition and concept of the architectural theory, the author established his unique understanding about the framework of the architectural theory and the innovation of the architectural theory underlined by Chinese characteristics.
Murray, Paul R.; Paul R., Murray
2001-01-01
This paper deals with two difficult questions: (1) What is literary theory? and (2) What does literary theory do? Literary theory is contrasted to literary criticism, and theory is found to be a more all-embracing, inclusive field than criticism, which is tied more closely to literature itself. Literary theory is shown to be a multitude of differing ways of looking at literature, with each theory yielding differing results.
Review of Hydroelasticity Theories
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chen, Xu-jun; Wu, You-sheng; Cui, Wei-cheng
2006-01-01
Existing hydroelastic theories are reviewed. The theories are classified into different types: two-dimensional linear theory, two-dimensional nonlinear theory, three-dimensional linear theory and three-dimensional nonlinear theory. Applications to analysis of very large floating structures (VLFS)......) are reviewed and discussed in details. Special emphasis is placed on papers from China and Japan (in native languages) as these papers are not generally publicly known in the rest of the world....
Grounded theory, feminist theory, critical theory: toward theoretical triangulation.
Kushner, Kaysi Eastlick; Morrow, Raymond
2003-01-01
Nursing and social science scholars have examined the compatibility between feminist and grounded theory traditions in scientific knowledge generation, concluding that they are complementary, yet not without certain tensions. This line of inquiry is extended to propose a critical feminist grounded theory methodology. The construction of symbolic interactionist, feminist, and critical feminist variants of grounded theory methodology is examined in terms of the presuppositions of each tradition and their interplay as a process of theoretical triangulation.
Postnikov, MM; Stark, M; Ulam, S
1962-01-01
Foundations of Galois Theory is an introduction to group theory, field theory, and the basic concepts of abstract algebra. The text is divided into two parts. Part I presents the elements of Galois Theory, in which chapters are devoted to the presentation of the elements of field theory, facts from the theory of groups, and the applications of Galois Theory. Part II focuses on the development of general Galois Theory and its use in the solution of equations by radicals. Equations that are solvable by radicals; the construction of equations solvable by radicals; and the unsolvability by radica
Boley, Bruno A
1997-01-01
Highly regarded text presents detailed discussion of fundamental aspects of theory, background, problems with detailed solutions. Basics of thermoelasticity, heat transfer theory, thermal stress analysis, more. 1985 edition.
Jardine, John F
2015-01-01
This monograph on the homotopy theory of topologized diagrams of spaces and spectra gives an expert account of a subject at the foundation of motivic homotopy theory and the theory of topological modular forms in stable homotopy theory. Beginning with an introduction to the homotopy theory of simplicial sets and topos theory, the book covers core topics such as the unstable homotopy theory of simplicial presheaves and sheaves, localized theories, cocycles, descent theory, non-abelian cohomology, stacks, and local stable homotopy theory. A detailed treatment of the formalism of the subject is interwoven with explanations of the motivation, development, and nuances of ideas and results. The coherence of the abstract theory is elucidated through the use of widely applicable tools, such as Barr's theorem on Boolean localization, model structures on the category of simplicial presheaves on a site, and cocycle categories. A wealth of concrete examples convey the vitality and importance of the subject in topology, n...
't Hooft, Gerardus; Witten, Edward
2005-01-01
In his later years, Einstein sought a unified theory that would extend general relativity and provide an alternative to quantum theory. There is now talk of a "theory of everything"; fifty years after his death, how close are we to such a theory? (3 pages)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hendricks, Vincent F.
Game Theory is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in game theory. We hear their views on game theory, its aim, scope, use, the future direction of game theory and how their work fits in these respects....
de Bruin, B.P.
2005-01-01
Game theory is the mathematical study of strategy and conflict. It has wide applications in economics, political science, sociology, and, to some extent, in philosophy. Where rational choice theory or decision theory is concerned with individual agents facing games against nature, game theory deals
Contemporary theories of democracy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mladenović Ivan
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is two-fold: first, to analyze several contemporary theories of democracy, and secondly, to propose a theoretical framework for further investigations based on analyzed theories. The following four theories will be analyzed: pluralism, social choice theory, deliberative democracy and participatory democracy.
Banks, Tom
2008-09-01
1. Introduction; 2. Quantum theory of free scalar fields; 3. Interacting field theory; 4. Particles of spin one, and gauge invariance; 5. Spin 1/2 particles and Fermi statistics; 6. Massive quantum electrodynamics; 7. Symmetries, Ward identities and Nambu Goldstone bosons; 8. Non-abelian gauge theory; 9. Renormalization and effective field theory; 10. Instantons and solitons; 11. Concluding remarks; Appendices; References; Index.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hendricks, Vincent F.
Game Theory is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in game theory. We hear their views on game theory, its aim, scope, use, the future direction of game theory and how their work fits in these respects....
Moschovakis, YN
1987-01-01
Now available in paperback, this monograph is a self-contained exposition of the main results and methods of descriptive set theory. It develops all the necessary background material from logic and recursion theory, and treats both classical descriptive set theory and the effective theory developed by logicians.
Balanced Topological Field Theories
Dijkgraaf, R.; Moore, G.
We describe a class of topological field theories called ``balanced topological field theories''. These theories are associated to moduli problems with vanishing virtual dimension and calculate the Euler character of various moduli spaces. We show that these theories are closely related to the geometry and equivariant cohomology of ``iterated superspaces'' that carry two differentials. We find the most general action for these theories, which turns out to define Morse theory on field space. We illustrate the constructions with numerous examples. Finally, we relate these theories to topological sigma-models twisted using an isometry of the target space.
Balanced Topological Field Theories
Dijkgraaf, R
1997-01-01
We describe a class of topological field theories called ``balanced topological field theories.'' These theories are associated to moduli problems with vanishing virtual dimension and calculate the Euler character of various moduli spaces. We show that these theories are closely related to the geometry and equivariant cohomology of ``iterated superspaces'' that carry two differentials. We find the most general action for these theories, which turns out to define Morse theory on field space. We illustrate the constructions with numerous examples. Finally, we relate these theories to topological sigma-models twisted using an isometry of the target space.
Zimmerman Jones, Andrew
2010-01-01
Making Everything Easier!. String Theory for Dummies. Learn:. The basic concepts of this controversial theory;. How string theory builds on physics concepts;. The different viewpoints in the field;. String theory's physical implications. Andrew Zimmerman Jones. Physics Guide, About.com. with Daniel Robbins, PhD in Physics. Your plain-English guide to this complex scientific theory. String theory is one of the most complicated sciences being explored today. Not to worry though! This informative guide clearly explains the basics of this hot topic, discusses the theory's hypotheses and prediction
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
梁景宏
2010-01-01
In this essay, I wish to invite young scholars to learn, use, and contribute to accounting theory. In this invitation, I argue theory has lineage, is important and can be fun. Its lineage comes from the post-WWII scientific revolution in management education and research. Theory is important because it is the successful interaction between theory and empirical work that ultimately advances an academic discipline. Theory can be fun because when done well, learning, using and contributing to theory can be an enjoyable activity for all scholars, either as consumers or as producers of theory.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2003-01-01
The basic ideas of game theory were originated from the problems of maximum and minimum given by J.Yon Neumann in 1928. Later, wars accelerated the study of game theory, there are many developments that contributed to the advancement of game theory, many problems of optimum appeared in economic development process. Scientists applied mathematic methods to studying game theory to make the theory more profound and perfect. The axiomatic structure of game theory was nearly complete in 1944. The path of the development of game theory started from finite to infinite, from two players to many players, from expressing gains with quantity to showing the ending of game theory with abstract result, and from certainty problems to random problems. Thus development of game theory is closely related to the economic development. In recent years, the research on the non-differentiability of Shapley value posed by Belgian Mertens is one of the advanced studies in game theory.
Quantum Theory is an Information Theory
D'Ariano, Giacomo M.; Perinotti, Paolo
2016-03-01
In this paper we review the general framework of operational probabilistic theories (OPT), along with the six axioms from which quantum theory can be derived. We argue that the OPT framework along with a relaxed version of five of the axioms, define a general information theory. We close the paper with considerations about the role of the observer in an OPT, and the interpretation of the von Neumann postulate and the Schrödinger-cat paradox.
Teaching Theory X and Theory Y in Organizational Communication
Noland, Carey
2014-01-01
The purpose of the activity described here is to integrate McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y into a group application: design a syllabus that embodies either Theory X or Theory Y tenets. Students should be able to differentiate between Theory X and Theory Y, create a syllabus based on Theory X or Theory Y tenets, evaluate the different syllabi…
Conlon, Joseph
2016-01-01
Is string theory a fraud or one of the great scientific advances? Why do so many physicists work on string theory if it cannot be tested? This book provides insight into why such a theory, with little direct experimental support, plays such a prominent role in theoretical physics. The book gives a modern and accurate account of string theory and science, explaining what string theory is, why it is regarded as so promising, and why it is hard to test.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
2015-01-01
Purpose To provide a small overview of genre theory and its associated concepts and to show how genre theory has had its antecedents in certain parts of the social sciences and not in the humanities. Findings The chapter argues that the explanatory force of genre theory may be explained with its...... emphasis on everyday genres, de facto genres. Originality/value By providing an overview of genre theory, the chapter demonstrates the wealth and richness of forms of explanations in genre theory....
Foundations of Information Theory
Burgin, Mark
2008-01-01
Information is the basic concept of information theory. However, there is no definition of this concept that can encompass all uses of the term information in information theories and beyond. Many question a possibility of such a definition. However, foundations of information theory developed in the context of the general theory of information made it possible to build such a relevant and at the same time, encompassing definition. Foundations of information theory are built in a form of onto...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Jack
2015-01-01
Purpose To provide a small overview of genre theory and its associated concepts and to show how genre theory has had its antecedents in certain parts of the social sciences and not in the humanities. Findings The chapter argues that the explanatory force of genre theory may be explained with its...... emphasis on everyday genres, de facto genres. Originality/value By providing an overview of genre theory, the chapter demonstrates the wealth and richness of forms of explanations in genre theory....
Computability theory an introduction to recursion theory
Enderton, Herbert B
2010-01-01
Computability Theory: An Introduction to Recursion Theory, provides a concise, comprehensive, and authoritative introduction to contemporary computability theory, techniques, and results. The basic concepts and techniques of computability theory are placed in their historical, philosophical and logical context. This presentation is characterized by an unusual breadth of coverage and the inclusion of advanced topics not to be found elsewhere in the literature at this level. The text includes both the standard material for a first course in computability and more advanced looks at degree str
Gauge theory loop operators and Liouville theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Drukker, Nadav [Humboldt Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Gomis, Jaume; Okuda, Takuda [Perimeter Inst. for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON (Canada); Teschner, Joerg [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2009-10-15
We propose a correspondence between loop operators in a family of four dimensional N=2 gauge theories on S{sup 4} - including Wilson, 't Hooft and dyonic operators - and Liouville theory loop operators on a Riemann surface. This extends the beautiful relation between the partition function of these N=2 gauge theories and Liouville correlators found by Alday, Gaiotto and Tachikawa. We show that the computation of these Liouville correlators with the insertion of a Liouville loop operator reproduces Pestun's formula capturing the expectation value of a Wilson loop operator in the corresponding gauge theory. We prove that our definition of Liouville loop operators is invariant under modular transformations, which given our correspondence, implies the conjectured action of S-duality on the gauge theory loop operators. Our computations in Liouville theory make an explicit prediction for the exact expectation value of 't Hooft and dyonic loop operators in these N=2 gauge theories. The Liouville loop operators are also found to admit a simple geometric interpretation within quantum Teichmueller theory as the quantum operators representing the length of geodesics. We study the algebra of Liouville loop operators and show that it gives evidence for our proposal as well as providing definite predictions for the operator product expansion of loop operators in gauge theory. (orig.)
Towards a theory of spacetime theories
Schiemann, Gregor; Scholz, Erhard
2017-01-01
This contributed volume is the result of a July 2010 workshop at the University of Wuppertal Interdisciplinary Centre for Science and Technology Studies which brought together world-wide experts from physics, philosophy and history, in order to address a set of questions first posed in the 1950s: How do we compare spacetime theories? How do we judge, objectively, which is the “best” theory? Is there even a unique answer to this question? The goal of the workshop, and of this book, is to contribute to the development of a meta-theory of spacetime theories. Such a meta-theory would reveal insights about specific spacetime theories by distilling their essential similarities and differences, deliver a framework for a class of theories that could be helpful as a blueprint to build other meta-theories, and provide a higher level viewpoint for judging which theory most accurately describes nature. But rather than drawing a map in broad strokes, the focus is on particularly rich regions in the “space of spaceti...
Advanced classical field theory
Giachetta, Giovanni; Sardanashvily, Gennadi
2009-01-01
Contemporary quantum field theory is mainly developed as quantization of classical fields. Therefore, classical field theory and its BRST extension is the necessary step towards quantum field theory. This book aims to provide a complete mathematical foundation of Lagrangian classical field theory and its BRST extension for the purpose of quantization. Based on the standard geometric formulation of theory of nonlinear differential operators, Lagrangian field theory is treated in a very general setting. Reducible degenerate Lagrangian theories of even and odd fields on an arbitrary smooth manifold are considered. The second Noether theorems generalized to these theories and formulated in the homology terms provide the strict mathematical formulation of BRST extended classical field theory
Fabris, J C
2015-01-01
General Relativity is the modern theory of gravitation. It has replaced the newtonian theory in the description of the gravitational phenomena. In spite of the remarkable success of the General Relativity Theory, the newtonian gravitational theory is still largely employed, since General Relativity, in most of the cases, just makes very small corrections to the newtonian predictions. Moreover, the newtonian theory is much simpler, technically and conceptually, when compared to the relativistic theory. In this text, we discuss the possibility of extending the traditional newtonian theory in order to incorporate typical relativistic effects, but keeping the simplicity of the newtonian framework. We denominate these extensions neo-newtonian theories. These theories are discussed mainly in the contexts of cosmology and compact astrophysical objects.
Separation-individuation theory and attachment theory.
Blum, Harold P
2004-01-01
Separation-individuation and attachment theories are compared and assessed in the context of psychoanalytic developmental theory and their application to clinical work. As introduced by Margaret Mahler and John Bowlby, respectively, both theories were initially regarded as diverging from traditional views. Separation-individuation theory, though it has had to be corrected in important respects, and attachment theory, despite certain limitations, have nonetheless enriched psychoanalytic thought. Without attachment an infant would die, and with severely insecure attachment is at greater risk for serious disorders. Development depends on continued attachment to a responsive and responsible caregiver. Continued attachment to the primary object was regarded by Mahler as as intrinsic to the process of separation-individuation. Attachment theory does not account for the essential development of separateness, and separation-individuation is important for the promotion of autonomy, independence, and identity. Salient historical and theoretical issues are addressed, including the renewed interest in attachment theory and the related decline of interest in separation-individuation theory.
Rotor theories by Professor Joukowsky: Momentum theories
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
van Kuik, G. A. M.; Sørensen, Jens Nørkær; Okulov, V. L.
2015-01-01
This paper is the first of two papers on the history of rotor aerodynamics with special emphasis on the role of Joukowsky. The present one focuses on the development of the momentum theory while the second one surveys the development of vortex theory for rotors. Joukowsky has played a major role ...
Generalizability theory and item response theory
Glas, Cornelis A.W.; Eggen, T.J.H.M.; Veldkamp, B.P.
2012-01-01
Item response theory is usually applied to items with a selected-response format, such as multiple choice items, whereas generalizability theory is usually applied to constructed-response tasks assessed by raters. However, in many situations, raters may use rating scales consisting of items with a
Generalizability theory and item response theory
Glas, C.A.W.; Eggen, T.J.H.M.; Veldkamp, B.P.
2012-01-01
Item response theory is usually applied to items with a selected-response format, such as multiple choice items, whereas generalizability theory is usually applied to constructed-response tasks assessed by raters. However, in many situations, raters may use rating scales consisting of items with a s
Generalizability Theory and Classical Test Theory
Brennan, Robert L.
2011-01-01
Broadly conceived, reliability involves quantifying the consistencies and inconsistencies in observed scores. Generalizability theory, or G theory, is particularly well suited to addressing such matters in that it enables an investigator to quantify and distinguish the sources of inconsistencies in observed scores that arise, or could arise, over…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vivian B. Martin, Ph.D.
2005-03-01
Full Text Available Bookshelf will provide critical reviews and perspectives on books on theory and methodology of interest to grounded theory. This issue includes a review of Heaton’s Reworking Qualitative Data, of special interest for some of its references to grounded theory as a secondary analysis tool; and Goulding’s Grounded Theory: A practical guide for management, business, and market researchers, a book that attempts to explicate the method and presents a grounded theory study that falls a little short of the mark of a fully elaborated theory.Reworking Qualitative Data, Janet Heaton (Sage, 2004. Paperback, 176 pages, $29.95. Hardcover also available.
Lurie, Jacob
2009-01-01
Higher category theory is generally regarded as technical and forbidding, but part of it is considerably more tractable: the theory of infinity-categories, higher categories in which all higher morphisms are assumed to be invertible. In Higher Topos Theory, Jacob Lurie presents the foundations of this theory, using the language of weak Kan complexes introduced by Boardman and Vogt, and shows how existing theorems in algebraic topology can be reformulated and generalized in the theory's new language. The result is a powerful theory with applications in many areas of mathematics. The book's firs
Pearce, Charles
2009-01-01
Focuses on mathematical structure, and on real-world applications. This book includes developments in several optimization-related topics such as decision theory, linear programming, turnpike theory, duality theory, convex analysis, and queuing theory.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Marciano, W.J.
1984-12-01
The present state of the art in elementary particle theory is reviewed. Topics include quantum electrodynamics, weak interactions, electroweak unification, quantum chromodynamics, and grand unified theories. 113 references. (WHK)
Molder, te H.F.M.
2009-01-01
Available in both print and electronic formats, the Encyclopedia of Communication Theory provides students and researchers with a comprehensive two-volume overview of contemporary communication theory. Reference librarians report that students frequently approach them seeking a source that will
Economic theories of dictatorship
2010-01-01
This article reviews recent advances in economic theories of dictatorships and their lessons for the political stability and economic performance of dictatorships. It reflects on the general usefulness of economic theories of dictatorship, with an application to foreign relations.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Clemmensen, Torkil; Kaptelinin, Victor; Nardi, Bonnie
2016-01-01
This paper reports a study of the use of activity theory in human–computer interaction (HCI) research. We analyse activity theory in HCI since its first appearance about 25 years ago. Through an analysis and meta-synthesis of 109 selected HCI activity theory papers, we created a taxonomy of 5...... different ways of using activity theory: (1) analysing unique features, principles, and problematic aspects of the theory; (2) identifying domain-specific requirements for new theoretical tools; (3) developing new conceptual accounts of issues in the field of HCI; (4) guiding and supporting empirical...... analyses of HCI phenomena; and (5) providing new design illustrations, claims, and guidelines. We conclude that HCI researchers are not only users of imported theory, but also theory-makers who adapt and develop theory for different purposes....
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu Baoding [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). Uncertainty Theory Lab.
2007-07-01
Uncertainty theory is a branch of mathematics based on normality, monotonicity, self-duality, and countable subadditivity axioms. The goal of uncertainty theory is to study the behavior of uncertain phenomena such as fuzziness and randomness. The main topics include probability theory, credibility theory, and chance theory. For this new edition the entire text has been totally rewritten. More importantly, the chapters on chance theory and uncertainty theory are completely new. This book provides a self-contained, comprehensive and up-to-date presentation of uncertainty theory. The purpose is to equip the readers with an axiomatic approach to deal with uncertainty. Mathematicians, researchers, engineers, designers, and students in the field of mathematics, information science, operations research, industrial engineering, computer science, artificial intelligence, and management science will find this work a stimulating and useful reference. (orig.)
Rothbart, Andrea
2012-01-01
An imaginative introduction to number theory and abstract algebra, this unique approach employs a pair of fictional characters whose dialogues explain theories and demonstrate applications in terms of football scoring, chess moves, and more.
[Mathematics and string theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jaffe, A.; Yau, Shing-Tung.
1993-01-01
Work on this grant was centered on connections between non- commutative geometry and physics. Topics covered included: cyclic cohomology, non-commutative manifolds, index theory, reflection positivity, space quantization, quantum groups, number theory, etc.
Henneaux, Marc; Vasiliev, Mikhail A
2017-01-01
Symmetries play a fundamental role in physics. Non-Abelian gauge symmetries are the symmetries behind theories for massless spin-1 particles, while the reparametrization symmetry is behind Einstein's gravity theory for massless spin-2 particles. In supersymmetric theories these particles can be connected also to massless fermionic particles. Does Nature stop at spin-2 or can there also be massless higher spin theories. In the past strong indications have been given that such theories do not exist. However, in recent times ways to evade those constraints have been found and higher spin gauge theories have been constructed. With the advent of the AdS/CFT duality correspondence even stronger indications have been given that higher spin gauge theories play an important role in fundamental physics. All these issues were discussed at an international workshop in Singapore in November 2015 where the leading scientists in the field participated. This volume presents an up-to-date, detailed overview of the theories i...
Noncommutative Gauge Theories: Model for Hodge theory
Upadhyay, Sudhaker
2013-01-01
The nilpotent BRST, anti-BRST, dual-BRST and anti-dual-BRST symmetry transformations are constructed in the context of noncommutative (NC) 1-form as well as 2-form gauge theories. The corresponding Noether's charges for these symmetries on the Moyal plane are shown to satisfy the same algebra as by the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. The Hodge decomposition theorem on compact manifold is also studied. We show that noncommutative gauge theories are field theoretic models for Hodge theory.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arunava Maity
2015-01-01
Full Text Available This paper considers an infinite-buffer queuing system with birth-death modulated Markovian arrival process (BDMMAP with arbitrary service time distribution. BDMMAP is an excellent representation of the arrival process, where the fractal behavior such as burstiness, correlation, and self-similarity is observed, for example, in ethernet LAN traffic systems. This model was first apprised by Nishimura (2003, and to analyze it, he proposed a twofold spectral theory approach. It seems from the investigations that Nishimura’s approach is tedious and difficult to employ for practical purposes. The objective of this paper is to analyze the same model with an alternative methodology proposed by Chaudhry et al. (2013 (to be referred to as CGG method. The CGG method appears to be rather simple, mathematically tractable, and easy to implement as compared to Nishimura’s approach. The Achilles tendon of the CGG method is the roots of the characteristic equation associated with the probability generating function (pgf of the queue length distribution, which absolves any eigenvalue algebra and iterative analysis. Both the methods are presented in stepwise manner for easy accessibility, followed by some illustrative examples in accordance with the context.
Linker, Patrick
2016-01-01
A couple of quantum gravity theories were proposed to make theoretical predictions about the behavior of gravity. The most recent approach to quantum gravity, called E-theory, is proposed mathematical, but there is not formulated much about what dynamics of gravity this theory proposes. This research paper treats the main results of the application of E-theory to General relativity involving conservation laws and scattering of particles in presence of gravity. Also the low-energy limit of thi...
Information theory and Thermodynamics
Kafri, Oded
2006-01-01
A communication theory for a transmitter broadcasting to many receivers is presented. In this case energetic considerations cannot be neglected as in Shannon theory. It is shown that, when energy is assigned to the information bit, information theory complies with classical thermodynamic and is part of it. To provide a thermodynamic theory of communication it is necessary to define equilibrium for informatics systems that are not in thermal equilibrium and to calculate temperature, heat, and ...
Quantum algorithmic information theory
Svozil, Karl
1995-01-01
The agenda of quantum algorithmic information theory, ordered `top-down,' is the quantum halting amplitude, followed by the quantum algorithmic information content, which in turn requires the theory of quantum computation. The fundamental atoms processed by quantum computation are the quantum bits which are dealt with in quantum information theory. The theory of quantum computation will be based upon a model of universal quantum computer whose elementary unit is a two-port interferometer capa...
Algorithmic information theory
Grünwald, P.D.; Vitányi, P.M.B.; Adriaans, P.; van Benthem, J.
2008-01-01
We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining 'information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are fundamentally different. We indicate how recent developments within the theory allow one to formally distinguish between 'structural' (meaningful) and 'random' information as measured by the Kolmo...
Algorithmic information theory
Grünwald, P.D.; Vitányi, P.M.B.
2008-01-01
We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining `information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are fundamentally different. We indicate how recent developments within the theory allow one to formally distinguish between `structural' (meaningful) and `random' information as measured by the Kolmo...
Philosophical theories of probability
Gillies, Donald
2000-01-01
The Twentieth Century has seen a dramatic rise in the use of probability and statistics in almost all fields of research. This has stimulated many new philosophical ideas on probability. Philosophical Theories of Probability is the first book to present a clear, comprehensive and systematic account of these various theories and to explain how they relate to one another. Gillies also offers a distinctive version of the propensity theory of probability, and the intersubjective interpretation, which develops the subjective theory.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈鑫; 汪传旭; 石刘红
2011-01-01
In order to solve the location problem of emergency relief centers, on the basis of assumption that demands from disaster areas are fuzzy random variable, and the factor that transportation speed changes with time is considered at the same time, a model for optimizing emergency relief center location is set up by combining location theory with queue theory. The model aims to achieve minimization of total transportation cost and guarantees response time. A hybrid intelligent algorithm which combines fuzzy random simulation with genetic algorithm is introduced to solve the proposed model. A numerical example is given to demonstrate the practicability of the model and effectiveness of the algorithm. Sensitivity analysis for the numerical example shows that the proposed algorithm is robust and the total relief cost rises with the increase of the number of disaster areas and relief centers as well as demand rates from disaster areas.%为解决应急救援中心的选址问题,在假定受灾点需求为模糊随机变量的基础上,考虑运输速度随时间的演变而变化,结合排队论和选址理论,建立带有响应时间承诺的以总运输成本最小为目标的应急救援中心选址优化模型,并结合模糊随机模拟和遗传算法提出求解上述模型的混合智能算法.通过算例验证模型的实用性和算法的有效性.通过对算例进行灵敏度分析得出:所提出的算法具有很好的鲁棒性;应急救援总成本随着受灾点数量、救援中心的个数和各受灾点需求发生率的增加而上升.
Matsumoto, Kohji
2002-01-01
The book includes several survey articles on prime numbers, divisor problems, and Diophantine equations, as well as research papers on various aspects of analytic number theory such as additive problems, Diophantine approximations and the theory of zeta and L-function Audience Researchers and graduate students interested in recent development of number theory
Iachello, F
1995-01-01
1. The Wave Mechanics of Diatomic Molecules. 2. Summary of Elements of Algebraic Theory. 3. Mechanics of Molecules. 4. Three-Body Algebraic Theory. 5. Four-Body Algebraic Theory. 6. Classical Limit and Coordinate Representation. 8. Prologue to the Future. Appendices. Properties of Lie Algebras; Coupling of Algebras; Hamiltonian Parameters
Vazzana, Anthony; Garth, David
2007-01-01
One of the oldest branches of mathematics, number theory is a vast field devoted to studying the properties of whole numbers. Offering a flexible format for a one- or two-semester course, Introduction to Number Theory uses worked examples, numerous exercises, and two popular software packages to describe a diverse array of number theory topics.
Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola
2014-01-01
What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…
Building theory through design
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Markussen, Thomas
2017-01-01
This chapter deals with a fundamental matter of concern in research through design: how can design work lead to the building of new theory? Controversy exists about the balance between theory and design work in research through design. While some researchers see theory production as the scientific...
Davis, Philip W.
This volume explores objectively the essential characteristic of nine twentieth-century linguistic theories with the theoretical variant for discussion based on one closely representative of work within a given approach or usually associated with the name of the theory. First, the theory of Ferdinand de Saussure is discussed based on his book,…
Peim, Nick
2009-01-01
This paper seeks to re-examine Yrio Engestrom's activity theory as a technology of knowledge designed to enable positive transformations of specific practices. The paper focuses on a key paper where Engestrom defines the nature and present state of activity theory. Beginning with a brief account of the relations between activity theory and…
Algorithmic information theory
P.D. Grünwald; P.M.B. Vitányi
2008-01-01
We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining `information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are
Algorithmic information theory
P.D. Grünwald; P.M.B. Vitányi
2008-01-01
We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining 'information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are
Maasland, E.
2012-01-01
Auction theory is a branch of game theory that considers human behavior in auction markets and the ensuing market outcomes. It is also successfully used as a tool to design real-life auctions. This thesis contains five essays addressing a variety of topics within the realm of auction theory. The fir
Positioning Theory in Paradigms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FU Xiao-qiu
2015-01-01
This article discusses the importance of theory and paradigm to a researcher. It starts from introducing and analyzing the definition of the two terms, by using the theories in the field of intercultural communication as examples. To a good researcher, he needs not only clarifying the paradigm his research is positioned, but also integrating the theories in his paradigm.
Algorithmic information theory
Grünwald, P.D.; Vitányi, P.M.B.
2008-01-01
We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining `information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are
Algorithmic information theory
Grünwald, P.D.; Vitányi, P.M.B.; Adriaans, P.; van Benthem, J.
2008-01-01
We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining 'information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are
Reflections on Activity Theory
Bakhurst, David
2009-01-01
It is sometimes suggested that activity theory represents the most important legacy of Soviet philosophy and psychology. But what exactly "is" activity theory? The canonical account in the West is given by Engestrom, who identifies three stages in the theory's development: from Vygotsky's insights, through Leontiev's articulation of the…
Missinne, Leo E.; Wilcox, Victoria
This paper discusses the life, theories, and therapeutic techniques of psychotherapist, Viktor E. Frankl. A brief biography of Frankl is included discussing the relationship of his early experiences as a physician to his theory of personality. Frankl's theory focusing on man's need for meaning and emphasizing the spiritual dimension in each human…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Birkedal, Lars; Bizjak, Aleš; Clouston, Ranald;
2016-01-01
This paper improves the treatment of equality in guarded dependent type theory (GDTT), by combining it with cubical type theory (CTT). GDTT is an extensional type theory with guarded recursive types, which are useful for building models of program logics, and for programming and reasoning with co...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Clemmensen, Torkil; Kaptelinin, Victor; Nardi, Bonnie
2016-01-01
This paper reports a study of the use of activity theory in human–computer interaction (HCI) research. We analyse activity theory in HCI since its first appearance about 25 years ago. Through an analysis and meta-synthesis of 109 selected HCI activity theory papers, we created a taxonomy of 5...
Renormalizable Tensor Field Theories
Geloun, Joseph Ben
2016-01-01
Extending tensor models at the field theoretical level, tensor field theories are nonlocal quantum field theories with Feynman graphs identified with simplicial complexes. They become relevant for addressing quantum topology and geometry in any dimension and therefore form an interesting class of models for studying quantum gravity. We review the class of perturbatively renormalizable tensor field theories and some of their features.
Reflections on Activity Theory
Bakhurst, David
2009-01-01
It is sometimes suggested that activity theory represents the most important legacy of Soviet philosophy and psychology. But what exactly "is" activity theory? The canonical account in the West is given by Engestrom, who identifies three stages in the theory's development: from Vygotsky's insights, through Leontiev's articulation of the…
Davis, Philip W.
This volume explores objectively the essential characteristic of nine twentieth-century linguistic theories with the theoretical variant for discussion based on one closely representative of work within a given approach or usually associated with the name of the theory. First, the theory of Ferdinand de Saussure is discussed based on his book,…
Constructor theory of probability.
Marletto, Chiara
2016-08-01
Unitary quantum theory, having no Born Rule, is non-probabilistic. Hence the notorious problem of reconciling it with the unpredictability and appearance of stochasticity in quantum measurements. Generalizing and improving upon the so-called 'decision-theoretic approach', I shall recast that problem in the recently proposed constructor theory of information-where quantum theory is represented as one of a class of superinformation theories, which are local, non-probabilistic theories conforming to certain constructor-theoretic conditions. I prove that the unpredictability of measurement outcomes (to which constructor theory gives an exact meaning) necessarily arises in superinformation theories. Then I explain how the appearance of stochasticity in (finitely many) repeated measurements can arise under superinformation theories. And I establish sufficient conditions for a superinformation theory to inform decisions (made under it) as if it were probabilistic, via a Deutsch-Wallace-type argument-thus defining a class of decision-supporting superinformation theories. This broadens the domain of applicability of that argument to cover constructor-theory compliant theories. In addition, in this version some of the argument's assumptions, previously construed as merely decision-theoretic, follow from physical properties expressed by constructor-theoretic principles.
Superspace conformal field theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Quella, Thomas [Koeln Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Schomerus, Volker [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2013-07-15
Conformal sigma models and WZW models on coset superspaces provide important examples of logarithmic conformal field theories. They possess many applications to problems in string and condensed matter theory. We review recent results and developments, including the general construction of WZW models on type I supergroups, the classification of conformal sigma models and their embedding into string theory.
La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).
Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige
1985-01-01
Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)
Theory and context / Theory in context
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Glaveanu, Vlad Petre
2014-01-01
It is debatable whether the psychology of creativity is a field in crisis or not. There are clear signs of increased fragmenta-tion and a scarcity of integrative efforts, but is this necessari-ly bad? Do we need more comprehensive theories of creativ-ity and a return to old epistemological...... questions? This de-pends on how one understands theory. Against a view of theoretical work as aiming towards generality, universality, uniformity, completeness, and singularity, I advocate for a dynamic perspective in which theory is plural, multifaceted, and contextual. Far from ‘waiting for the Messiah......’, theoreti-cal work in the psychology of creativity can be integrative without having the ambition to explain or, even more, predict, creative expression across all people, at all times, and in all domains. To avoid such ambition, the psychology of creativi-ty requires a theory of context that doesn...
Family systems theory, attachment theory, and culture.
Rothbaum, Fred; Rosen, Karen; Ujiie, Tatsuo; Uchida, Nobuko
2002-01-01
Family systems theory and attachment theory have important similarities and complementarities. Here we consider two areas in which the theories converge: (a) in family system theorists' description of an overly close, or "enmeshed," mother-child dyad, which attachment theorists conceptualize as the interaction of children's ambivalent attachment and mothers' preoccupied attachment; (b) in family system theorists' description of the "pursuer-distance cycle" of marital conflict, which attachment theorists conceptualize as the interaction of preoccupied and dismissive partners. We briefly review family systems theory evidence, and more extensively review attachment theory evidence, pertaining to these points of convergence. We also review cross-cultural research, which leads us to conclude that the dynamics described in both theories reflect, in part, Western ways of thinking and Western patterns of relatedness. Evidence from Japan suggests that extremely close ties between mother and child are perceived as adaptive, and are more common, and that children experience less adverse effects from such relationships than do children in the West. Moreover, in Japan there is less emphasis on the importance of the exclusive spousal relationship, and less need for the mother and father to find time alone to rekindle romantic, intimate feelings and to resolve conflicts by openly communicating their differences. Thus, the "maladaptive" pattern frequently cited by Western theorists of an extremely close mother-child relationship, an unromantic, conflictual marriage characterized by little verbal communication and a peripheral, distant father, may function very differently in other cultures. While we believe that both theories will be greatly enriched by their integration, we caution against the application of either theory outside the cultures in which they were developed.
5d Field Theories and M Theory
Kol, Barak
1997-01-01
5-brane configurations describing 5d field theories are promoted to an M theory description a la Witten in terms of polynomials in two complex variables. The coefficients of the polynomials are the Coulomb branch. This picture resolves apparent singularities at vertices and reveals exponentially small corrections. These corrections ask to be compared to world line instanton corrections. From a different perspective this procedure may be used to define a diagrammatic representation of polynomi...
Kilmister, Clive William
1970-01-01
Special Theory of Relativity provides a discussion of the special theory of relativity. Special relativity is not, like other scientific theories, a statement about the matter that forms the physical world, but has the form of a condition that the explicit physical theories must satisfy. It is thus a form of description, playing to some extent the role of the grammar of physics, prescribing which combinations of theoretical statements are admissible as descriptions of the physical world. Thus, to describe it, one needs also to describe those specific theories and to say how much they are limit
Belegradek, OV
1999-01-01
This volume is a collection of papers on model theory and its applications. The longest paper, "Model Theory of Unitriangular Groups" by O. V. Belegradek, forms a subtle general theory behind Mal‴tsev's famous correspondence between rings and groups. This is the first published paper on the topic. Given the present model-theoretic interest in algebraic groups, Belegradek's work is of particular interest to logicians and algebraists. The rest of the collection consists of papers on various questions of model theory, mainly on stability theory. Contributors are leading Russian researchers in the
Gross, Jonathan L
2003-01-01
The Handbook of Graph Theory is the most comprehensive single-source guide to graph theory ever published. Best-selling authors Jonathan Gross and Jay Yellen assembled an outstanding team of experts to contribute overviews of more than 50 of the most significant topics in graph theory-including those related to algorithmic and optimization approaches as well as ""pure"" graph theory. They then carefully edited the compilation to produce a unified, authoritative work ideal for ready reference.Designed and edited with non-experts in mind, the Handbook of Graph Theory makes information easy to fi
Prest, M
1988-01-01
In recent years the interplay between model theory and other branches of mathematics has led to many deep and intriguing results. In this, the first book on the topic, the theme is the interplay between model theory and the theory of modules. The book is intended to be a self-contained introduction to the subject and introduces the requisite model theory and module theory as it is needed. Dr Prest develops the basic ideas concerning what can be said about modules using the information which may be expressed in a first-order language. Later chapters discuss stability-theoretic aspects of module
Variational Transition State Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Truhlar, Donald G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2016-09-29
This is the final report on a project involving the development and applications of variational transition state theory. This project involved the development of variational transition state theory for gas-phase reactions, including optimized multidimensional tunneling contributions and the application of this theory to gas-phase reactions with a special emphasis on developing reaction rate theory in directions that are important for applications to combustion. The development of variational transition state theory with optimized multidimensional tunneling as a useful computational tool for combustion kinetics involved eight objectives.
Viña, Jose; Borrás, Consuelo; Miquel, Jaime
2007-01-01
Ageing is a universal, intrinsic, progressive and deleterious process. Understanding it is of major interest to scientist, physicians as well as to the general population. Critical to this understanding is to formulate comprehensive theories of aging with high predictive and explanatory power. More than 300 theories have been postulated and are reviewed here. The free radical theory of ageing is one of the most prominent and well studied. It was further developed by one of us (JM) in what has become known as the mitochondrial theory of ageing. These theories provide new experimental approaches to further develop our understanding of the phenomenon of ageing.
Bollobas, Bela
2004-01-01
The ever-expanding field of extremal graph theory encompasses a diverse array of problem-solving methods, including applications to economics, computer science, and optimization theory. This volume, based on a series of lectures delivered to graduate students at the University of Cambridge, presents a concise yet comprehensive treatment of extremal graph theory.Unlike most graph theory treatises, this text features complete proofs for almost all of its results. Further insights into theory are provided by the numerous exercises of varying degrees of difficulty that accompany each chapter. A
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Antonio De Felice
2010-06-01
Full Text Available Over the past decade, f(R theories have been extensively studied as one of the simplest modifications to General Relativity. In this article we review various applications of f(R theories to cosmology and gravity – such as inflation, dark energy, local gravity constraints, cosmological perturbations, and spherically symmetric solutions in weak and strong gravitational backgrounds. We present a number of ways to distinguish those theories from General Relativity observationally and experimentally. We also discuss the extension to other modified gravity theories such as Brans–Dicke theory and Gauss–Bonnet gravity, and address models that can satisfy both cosmological and local gravity constraints.
Irvine, J M
1972-01-01
Nuclear Structure Theory provides a guide to nuclear structure theory. The book is comprised of 23 chapters that are organized into four parts; each part covers an aspect of nuclear structure theory. In the first part, the text discusses the experimentally observed phenomena, which nuclear structure theories need to look into and detail the information that supports those theories. The second part of the book deals with the phenomenological nucleon-nucleon potentials derived from phase shift analysis of nucleon-nucleon scattering. Part III talks about the phenomenological parameters used to de
Barron, E N
2013-01-01
An exciting new edition of the popular introduction to game theory and its applications The thoroughly expanded Second Edition presents a unique, hands-on approach to game theory. While most books on the subject are too abstract or too basic for mathematicians, Game Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition offers a blend of theory and applications, allowing readers to use theory and software to create and analyze real-world decision-making models. With a rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of mathematics, the book focuses on results that can be used to
Generalization Rough Set Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XIAO Di; ZHANG Jun-feng; HU Shou-song
2008-01-01
In order to avoid the discretization in the classical rough set theory, a generlization rough set theory is proposed.At first, the degree of general importance of an attribute and attribute subsets are presented.Then, depending on the degree of general importance of attribute, the space distance can be measured with weighted method.At last, a generalization rough set theory based on the general near neighborhood relation is proposed.The proposed theory partitions the universe into the tolerant modules, and forms lower approximation and upper approximation of the set under general near neighborhood relationship, which avoids the discretization in Pawlak's rough set theory.
Extended Theories of Gravitation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fatibene Lorenzo
2013-09-01
Full Text Available Extended theories of gravitation are naturally singled out by an analysis inspired by the Ehelers-Pirani-Schild framework. In this framework the structure of spacetime is described by a Weyl geometry which is enforced by dynamics. Standard General Relativity is just one possible theory within the class of extended theories of gravitation. Also all Palatini f(R theories are shown to be extended theories of gravitation. This more general setting allows a more general interpretation scheme and more general possible couplings between gravity and matter. The definitions and constructions of extended theories will be reviewed. A general interpretation scheme will be considered for extended theories and some examples will be considered.
Niederreiter, Harald
2015-01-01
This textbook effectively builds a bridge from basic number theory to recent advances in applied number theory. It presents the first unified account of the four major areas of application where number theory plays a fundamental role, namely cryptography, coding theory, quasi-Monte Carlo methods, and pseudorandom number generation, allowing the authors to delineate the manifold links and interrelations between these areas. Number theory, which Carl-Friedrich Gauss famously dubbed the queen of mathematics, has always been considered a very beautiful field of mathematics, producing lovely results and elegant proofs. While only very few real-life applications were known in the past, today number theory can be found in everyday life: in supermarket bar code scanners, in our cars’ GPS systems, in online banking, etc. Starting with a brief introductory course on number theory in Chapter 1, which makes the book more accessible for undergraduates, the authors describe the four main application areas in Chapters...
Computational invariant theory
Derksen, Harm
2015-01-01
This book is about the computational aspects of invariant theory. Of central interest is the question how the invariant ring of a given group action can be calculated. Algorithms for this purpose form the main pillars around which the book is built. There are two introductory chapters, one on Gröbner basis methods and one on the basic concepts of invariant theory, which prepare the ground for the algorithms. Then algorithms for computing invariants of finite and reductive groups are discussed. Particular emphasis lies on interrelations between structural properties of invariant rings and computational methods. Finally, the book contains a chapter on applications of invariant theory, covering fields as disparate as graph theory, coding theory, dynamical systems, and computer vision. The book is intended for postgraduate students as well as researchers in geometry, computer algebra, and, of course, invariant theory. The text is enriched with numerous explicit examples which illustrate the theory and should be ...
[Introduction to grounded theory].
Wang, Shou-Yu; Windsor, Carol; Yates, Patsy
2012-02-01
Grounded theory, first developed by Glaser and Strauss in the 1960s, was introduced into nursing education as a distinct research methodology in the 1970s. The theory is grounded in a critique of the dominant contemporary approach to social inquiry, which imposed "enduring" theoretical propositions onto study data. Rather than starting from a set theoretical framework, grounded theory relies on researchers distinguishing meaningful constructs from generated data and then identifying an appropriate theory. Grounded theory is thus particularly useful in investigating complex issues and behaviours not previously addressed and concepts and relationships in particular populations or places that are still undeveloped or weakly connected. Grounded theory data analysis processes include open, axial and selective coding levels. The purpose of this article was to explore the grounded theory research process and provide an initial understanding of this methodology.
Koehler, Wolfgang
2011-01-01
A new classical theory of gravitation within the framework of general relativity is presented. It is based on a matrix formulation of four-dimensional Riemann-spaces and uses no artificial fields or adjustable parameters. The geometrical stress-energy tensor is derived from a matrix-trace Lagrangian, which is not equivalent to the curvature scalar R. To enable a direct comparison with the Einstein-theory a tetrad formalism is utilized, which shows similarities to teleparallel gravitation theories, but uses complex tetrads. Matrix theory might solve a 27-year-old, fundamental problem of those theories (sec. 4.1). For the standard test cases (PPN scheme, Schwarzschild-solution) no differences to the Einstein-theory are found. However, the matrix theory exhibits novel, interesting vacuum solutions.
Mass serving theory application to the analysis of maintenance system functioning
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Veljko Predrag Petrović
2013-06-01
Full Text Available This paper describes models and conditions for the application of the Mass Serving Theory in order to analyze relations between clients demanding the service and channels which provide the service as well as to design technological elements in the optimal regime for the given maintenance system. Based on the actual data collected and the statistical analysis of the expected intensity of combat vehicle arrivals and queuing at service for tehnical maintenance, the mathematical modeling of a real process of queuing was carried out and certain parameters quantified, in terms of determining the weaknesses of the existing models and the corrective actions needed. Introduction While solving many practical problems within the process of maintenance, the technological demands (TD for maintenance appear with the characteristics of stochasticity and stationarity. These properties provide the ability of the Mass Serving Theory (MST to be used, under certain conditions, for the dimensioning of technological elements (TE in the reporting maintenance system.The analysis of the mass serving system (MSS means the analysis of the input stream of clients, time and number of customers in a queue, time of serving and the output stream of clients as well. Mahtemathical models of the mass serving system applicable to maintenance processes There are many mathematical models developed in the MST to analyze the relationship between clients demanding the serving and channels that serve them. In the mathematical models of mass serving, the following parameters are commonly used as inputs: Input stream intensity,Serving intensity of the TE, Number of channels, i.e. TE; as outputs: Serving probability of TD,The average number of TD in a serving queue, and The average time of stay in the TD queue. In practice, during the system sizing, the number of channels is usually required, i.e. TE (n necessary to serve the TD, and in certain situations Input stream intensity and Serving
Blagojević, Milutin
2012-01-01
During the last five decades, gravity, as one of the fundamental forces of nature, has been formulated as a gauge field theory of the Weyl-Cartan-Yang-Mills type. The resulting theory, the Poincar\\'e gauge theory of gravity, encompasses Einstein's gravitational theory as well as the teleparallel theory of gravity as subcases. In general, the spacetime structure is enriched by Cartan's torsion and the new theory can accommodate fermionic matter and its spin in a perfectly natural way. The present reprint volume contains articles from the most prominent proponents of the theory and is supplemented by detailed commentaries of the editors. This guided tour starts from special relativity and leads, in its first part, to general relativity and its gauge type extensions a la Weyl and Cartan. Subsequent stopping points are the theories of Yang-Mills and Utiyama and, as a particular vantage point, the theory of Sciama and Kibble. Later, the Poincar\\'e gauge theory and its generalizations are explored and specific topi...
Supersymmetry and String Theory
Dine, Michael
2016-01-01
Preface to the first edition; Preface to the second edition; A note on choice of metric; Text website; Part I. Effective Field Theory: The Standard Model, Supersymmetry, Unification: 1. Before the Standard Model; 2. The Standard Model; 3. Phenomenology of the Standard Model; 4. The Standard Model as an effective field theory; 5. Anomalies, instantons and the strong CP problem; 6. Grand unification; 7. Magnetic monopoles and solitons; 8. Technicolor: a first attempt to explain hierarchies; Part II. Supersymmetry: 9. Supersymmetry; 10. A first look at supersymmetry breaking; 11. The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model; 12. Supersymmetric grand unification; 13. Supersymmetric dynamics; 14. Dynamical supersymmetry breaking; 15. Theories with more than four conserved supercharges; 16. More supersymmetric dynamics; 17. An introduction to general relativity; 18. Cosmology; 19. Astroparticle physics and inflation; Part III. String Theory: 20. Introduction; 21. The bosonic string; 22. The superstring; 23. The heterotic string; 24. Effective actions in ten dimensions; 25. Compactification of string theory I. Tori and orbifolds; 26. Compactification of string theory II. Calabi-Yau compactifications; 27. Dynamics of string theory at weak coupling; 28. Beyond weak coupling: non-perturbative string theory; 29. Large and warped extra dimensions; 30. The landscape: a challenge to the naturalness principle; 31. Coda: where are we headed?; Part IV. The Appendices: Appendix A. Two-component spinors; Appendix B. Goldstone's theorem and the pi mesons; Appendix C. Some practice with the path integral in field theory; Appendix D. The beta function in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory; References; Index.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
贾积身; 侯江华
2011-01-01
针对带有延迟修理的退化可修服务台的排队系统，提出了一种新的维修更换模型。假定服务台逐次故障后的维修时间构成随机递增的几何过程，工作时间构成随机递增的几何过程，在服务台每次故障以概率P需要延迟修理和延迟修理时间为随机变量的情况下，选取被服务的顾客数N为其更换策略，以系统长期运行单位时间内的期望效益为目标函数，通过更新过程和几何过程理论建立数学模型，导出了目标函数的解析表达式。并根据目标函数情况，通过最大化目标函数来获取系统最优的更换策略N^＊，最后还对结果进行了讨论。%To study queueing system with deteriorative repairable service station including delay repair, this paper proposes a kind of new maintenance and replacement model. Supposing that the successive survival time of the system constitute a decreasing geometric process stochastically, while the consecutive repair time of the system constitute an increasing geometric process, under the conditions that the delay repair time is random variable and the failure service station needs delay repair with probability , we take the number N of the customer that have been serv- iced at the service station as its replacement policy and choose the long - run expected profit per unit time as objec- tive function. By using renewal process and geometric process theory, mathematic model is established and the ex- plicit expressions of the objective function is derived. According objective function, the optimal replacement policy is obtained by maximizing the objective function. Finally, we discuss the result also.
Theory and context / Theory in context
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Glaveanu, Vlad Petre
2014-01-01
It is debatable whether the psychology of creativity is a field in crisis or not. There are clear signs of increased fragmenta-tion and a scarcity of integrative efforts, but is this necessari-ly bad? Do we need more comprehensive theories of creativ-ity and a return to old epistemological......’, theoreti-cal work in the psychology of creativity can be integrative without having the ambition to explain or, even more, predict, creative expression across all people, at all times, and in all domains. To avoid such ambition, the psychology of creativi-ty requires a theory of context that doesn...... trans-disciplinary manner. Consideration needs to be given as well to connected scholarship focusing on imagination, innova-tion, and improvisation. Last but not least, an expanded the-ory of context cannot ignore the institutional context of doing research on creativity. Creativity scholars are facing...
Generalized Higher Gauge Theory
Ritter, Patricia; Schmidt, Lennart
2015-01-01
We study a generalization of higher gauge theory which makes use of generalized geometry and seems to be closely related to double field theory. The local kinematical data of this theory is captured by morphisms of graded manifolds between the canonical exact Courant Lie 2-algebroid $TM\\oplus T^*M$ over some manifold $M$ and a semistrict gauge Lie 2-algebra. We discuss generalized curvatures and their infinitesimal gauge transformations. Finite gauge transformation as well as global kinematical data are then obtained from principal 2-bundles over 2-spaces. As dynamical principle, we consider first the canonical Chern-Simons action for such a gauge theory. We then show that a previously proposed 3-Lie algebra model for the six-dimensional (2,0) theory is very naturally interpreted as a generalized higher gauge theory.
Children's theories of motivation.
Gurland, Suzanne T; Glowacky, Victoria C
2011-09-01
To investigate children's theories of motivation, we asked 166 children (8-12 years of age) to rate the effect of various motivational strategies on task interest, over the short and long terms, in activities described as appealing or unappealing. Children viewed the rewards strategy as resulting in greatest interest except when implemented over the long term for appealing activities. Individual difference analyses revealed that some children held operant theories of motivation, in which rewards were central, and others held hybrid theories, in which rewards were key, but some allowance was made for interest to be self-sustaining in the absence of inducements. Children's theories predicted their academic self-regulation. Their theories are discussed relative to an expert theory of motivation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Javadi, Hossein; Forouzbakhsh, Farshid; Daei Kasmaei, Hamed
2016-01-01
is the mechanism of increasing in the photon energy that causes increase in its frequency growth? So, in CPH theory (Creative particles of Higgs Theory), it has been attempted to scrutinize the interface between classical mechanics, relativity and quantum mechanics through a novel approach to the established......There are various theories in physics, but nature is unique. This is not nature's problem that we have various theories; nature obeys simple and unique law. We should improve our theories. Universal constancy of the speed of light undergoes the question whether the limit on the light speed...... physical events. Emphasizing on these phenomena and presenting the relation between photon's energy and frequency, CPH Theory is to draw attention on the importance of constancy of speed in relation to the mass structure which will be scrutinized in reviewing relativistic Newton's second law. The results...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Birkedal, Lars; Bizjak, Aleš; Clouston, Ranald;
2016-01-01
This paper improves the treatment of equality in guarded dependent type theory (GDTT), by combining it with cubical type theory (CTT). GDTT is an extensional type theory with guarded recursive types, which are useful for building models of program logics, and for programming and reasoning...... with coinductive types. We wish to implement GDTT with decidable type-checking, while still supporting non-trivial equality proofs that reason about the extensions of guarded recursive constructions. CTT is a variation of Martin-L\\"of type theory in which the identity type is replaced by abstract paths between...... terms. CTT provides a computational interpretation of functional extensionality, is conjectured to have decidable type checking, and has an implemented type-checker. Our new type theory, called guarded cubical type theory, provides a computational interpretation of extensionality for guarded recursive...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Birkedal, Lars; Bizjak, Aleš; Clouston, Ranald;
2016-01-01
This paper improves the treatment of equality in guarded dependent type theory (GDTT), by combining it with cubical type theory (CTT). GDTT is an extensional type theory with guarded recursive types, which are useful for building models of program logics, and for programming and reasoning...... with coinductive types. We wish to implement GDTT with decidable type checking, while still supporting non-trivial equality proofs that reason about the extensions of guarded recursive constructions. CTT is a variation of Martin-L\\"of type theory in which the identity type is replaced by abstract paths between...... terms. CTT provides a computational interpretation of functional extensionality, enjoys canonicity for the natural numbers type, and is conjectured to support decidable type-checking. Our new type theory, guarded cubical type theory (GCTT), provides a computational interpretation of extensionality...
Franklin, Joel
2017-01-01
Classical field theory, which concerns the generation and interaction of fields, is a logical precursor to quantum field theory, and can be used to describe phenomena such as gravity and electromagnetism. Written for advanced undergraduates, and appropriate for graduate level classes, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to field theories, with a focus on their relativistic structural elements. Such structural notions enable a deeper understanding of Maxwell's equations, which lie at the heart of electromagnetism, and can also be applied to modern variants such as Chern–Simons and Born–Infeld. The structure of field theories and their physical predictions are illustrated with compelling examples, making this book perfect as a text in a dedicated field theory course, for self-study, or as a reference for those interested in classical field theory, advanced electromagnetism, or general relativity. Demonstrating a modern approach to model building, this text is also ideal for students of theoretic...
Linch, William D
2015-01-01
We consider, at the linearized level, the superspace formulation of lower-dimensional F-theory. In particular, we describe the embedding of 3D Type II supergravity of the superstring, or 4D, N=1 supergravity of M-theory, into the corresponding F-theory in full detail, giving the linearized action and gauge transformations in terms of the prepotential. This manifestly supersymmetric formulation reveals some features not evident from a component treatment, such as Weyl and local S-supersymmetry invariances. The linearized multiplet appears as a super 3-form (just as that for the manifestly T-dual theory is a super 2-form), reflecting the embedding of M-theory (as the T-dual theory embeds Type II supergravity). We also give the embedding of matter multiplets into this superspace, and derive the F-constraint from the gauge invariance of the gauge invariance.
Chung, Daniel J H
2016-01-01
We reformulate gauge theories in analogy with the vierbein formalism of general relativity. More specifically, we reformulate gauge theories such that their gauge dynamical degrees of freedom are local fields that transform linearly under the dual representation of the charged matter field. These local fields, which naively have the interpretation of non-local operators similar to Wilson lines, satisfy constraint equations. A set of basis tensor fields are used to solve these constraint equations, and their field theory is constructed. A new local symmetry in terms of the basis tensor fields is used to make this field theory local and maintain a Hamiltonian that is bounded from below. The field theory of the basis tensor fields is what we call the basis tensor gauge theory.
Evans, N
2003-01-01
String theory began life in the late 1960s as an attempt to understand the properties of nuclear matter such as protons and neutrons. Although it was not successful it has since developed a life of its own as a possible theory of everything - with the potential to incorporate quantum gravity as well as the other forces of nature. However, in a remarkable about face in the last five years, it has now been discovered that string theory and the standard theory of nuclear matter - QCD - might in fact describe the same physics. This is an exciting development that was the centre of discussion at a major workshop in Seattle in February. After spending 30 years as a possible theory of everything, string theory is returning to its roots to describe the interactions of quarks and gluons. (U.K.)
Healey, Richard
Those looking for holism in contemporary physics have focused their attention primarily on quantum entanglement. But some gauge theories arguably also manifest the related phenomenon of nonseparability. While the argument is strong for the classical gauge theory describing electromagnetic interactions with quantum "particles", it fails in the case of general relativity even though that theory may also be formulated in terms of a connection on a principal fiber bundle. Anandan has highlighted the key difference in his analysis of a supposed gravitational analog to the Aharonov-Bohm effect. By contrast with electromagnetism in the original Aharonov-Bohm effect, gravitation is separable and exhibits no novel holism in this case. Whether the nonseparability of classical gauge theories of nongravitational interactions is associated with holism depends on what counts as the relevant part-whole relation. Loop representations of quantized gauge theories of nongravitational interactions suggest that these conclusions about holism and nonseparability may extend also to quantum theories of the associated fields.
Karlin, Anna R
2016-01-01
This book presents a rigorous introduction to the mathematics of game theory without losing sight of the joy of the subject. This is done by focusing on theoretical highlights (e.g., at least six Nobel Prize winning results are developed from scratch) and by presenting exciting connections of game theory to other fields, such as computer science, economics, social choice, biology, and learning theory. Both classical topics, such as zero-sum games, and modern topics, such as sponsored search auctions, are covered. Along the way, beautiful mathematical tools used in game theory are introduced, including convexity, fixed-point theorems, and probabilistic arguments. The book is appropriate for a first course in game theory at either the undergraduate or graduate level, whether in mathematics, economics, computer science, or statistics. Game theory's influence is felt in a wide range of disciplines, and the authors deliver masterfully on the challenge of presenting both the breadth and coherence of its underlying ...
The theories on inequality: class theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ali Arslan
2006-11-01
Full Text Available This stduy aims to analyse class theory and its major expansions. In addition, the problems and dilemmas of class theory are discussed. Social inequality, either socially or economically, is one of the most common features of capitalist societies. Some people or some social groups have more money, more prestige, more privilege and more influence on the decision making process. Two main strategies have been used for analysing and explaining inequalities. The first and most popular strategy is “class theory” which stresses ownership and control to explain class differentiation. It concentrates on the inequalities based mainly on the ownership or non-ownership of economic resources. Class theory was fathered by Karl Marx and especially developed by Marxist writers. Class analysts focus on identification of classes as the major social forces of society. There are two main schools of thought in class theory with their variations within each school: a Marxist Class Theory, b Weberian Class Theory If the Marxist class analysis and Weberian class analysis are examined it will be seen that, two approaches are incompatible and it is impossible to synthesise them. Nevertheless, Hindess sees Weber’s view as the correction of and supplement to Marx’s ideas rather than an alternative. When the ideas of Marx and Weber are compared, it will be clearly seen that both Marx and Weber explain classes in relation to the economy. Nevertheless, while Marx defines classes in terms of the relations of production, Weber defines them in relation to the market.
Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Verlinde, Erik; Verlinde, Herman
1997-02-01
Via compactification on a circle, the matrix mode] of M-theory proposed by Banks et a]. suggests a concrete identification between the large N limit of two-dimensional N = 8 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and type IIA string theory. In this paper we collect evidence that supports this identification. We explicitly identify the perturbative string states and their interactions, and describe the appearance of D-particle and D-membrane states.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dijkgraaf, R. [Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands). Dept. of Mathematics; Verlinde, E. [TH-Division, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)]|[Institute for Theoretical Physics, Universtity of Utrecht, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands); Verlinde, H. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands)
1997-09-01
Via compactification on a circle, the matrix model of M-theory proposed by Banks et al. suggests a concrete identification between the large N limit of two-dimensional N=8 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and type IIA string theory. In this paper we collect evidence that supports this identification. We explicitly identify the perturbative string states and their interactions, and describe the appearance of D-particle and D-membrane states. (orig.).
Dijkgraaf, R; Verlinde, Herman L
1997-01-01
Via compactification on a circle, the matrix model of M-theory proposed by Banks et al suggests a concrete identification between the large N limit of two-dimensional N=8 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and type IIA string theory. In this paper we collect evidence that supports this identification. We explicitly identify the perturbative string states and their interactions, and describe the appearance of D-particle and D-membrane states.
Introduction to superstring theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nunez, Carmen [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Buenos Aires (Argentina)], e-mail: carmen@iafe.uba.ar
2009-07-01
This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS{sub 5} x S5. (author)
Relevance Theory in Translation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Shao Jun; Jiang Min
2008-01-01
In perspective of relevance theory, translation is regarded as communication. According to relevance theory, communication not only requires encoding, transfer and decoding processes, but also involves inference in addition. As communication, translation decision-making is also based on the human beings' inferential mental faculty. Concentrating on relevance theory, this paper tries to analyze and explain some translation phenomena in two English versions of Cai Gen Tan-My Crude Philosophy of Life.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rijkhoff, Jan
2010-01-01
This paper argues that grammatical theorizing and linguistic typologizing must go hand in hand and that rare typological features play a central role in the interaction of typology and theory. The paper is organized as follows. Section 2 discusses a sampling method that (compared to other sampling...... Functional (Discourse) Grammar and sections 4 and 5 are concerned with the crucial role of rara both in theory driven data collection and in data driven theory building....
Gergen, Kenneth J.; Zielke, Barbara
2013-01-01
Although the value placed on theoretical work in psychology has diminished over recent years, new and significant challenges to the status of theory have emerged within the intellectual community more generally. The demise of the mapping metaphor, the reduction of reason to rhetoric, and the recognition of the impossibility of value-neutral theorizing all raise questions concerning the status and function of theory. Critical theory in psychology has provided one response to these issues by em...
Supergravity from Gauge Theory
Berkowitz, Evan
2016-01-01
Gauge/gravity duality is the conjecture that string theories have dual descriptions as gauge theories. Weakly-coupled gravity is dual to strongly-coupled gauge theories, ideal for lattice calculations. I will show precision lattice calculations that confirm large-N continuum D0-brane quantum mechanics correctly reproduces the leading-order supergravity prediction for a black hole's internal energy---the first leading-order test of the duality---and constrains stringy corrections.
Theory Modeling and Simulation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shlachter, Jack [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-08-23
Los Alamos has a long history in theory, modeling and simulation. We focus on multidisciplinary teams that tackle complex problems. Theory, modeling and simulation are tools to solve problems just like an NMR spectrometer, a gas chromatograph or an electron microscope. Problems should be used to define the theoretical tools needed and not the other way around. Best results occur when theory and experiments are working together in a team.
Chartrand, Gary
1984-01-01
Graph theory is used today in the physical sciences, social sciences, computer science, and other areas. Introductory Graph Theory presents a nontechnical introduction to this exciting field in a clear, lively, and informative style. Author Gary Chartrand covers the important elementary topics of graph theory and its applications. In addition, he presents a large variety of proofs designed to strengthen mathematical techniques and offers challenging opportunities to have fun with mathematics. Ten major topics - profusely illustrated - include: Mathematical Models, Elementary Concepts of Grap
Automated Lattice Perturbation Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Monahan, Christopher
2014-11-01
I review recent developments in automated lattice perturbation theory. Starting with an overview of lattice perturbation theory, I focus on the three automation packages currently "on the market": HiPPy/HPsrc, Pastor and PhySyCAl. I highlight some recent applications of these methods, particularly in B physics. In the final section I briefly discuss the related, but distinct, approach of numerical stochastic perturbation theory.
Extended Theories of Gravitation
Fatibene, Lorenzo
2016-01-01
In this paper we shall review the equivalence between Palatini$-f(\\mathcal R)$ theories and Brans- Dicke (BD) theories at the level of action principles. We shall define the Helmholtz Lagrangian associated to Palatini$-f(\\mathcal R)$ theory and we will define some transformations which will be useful to recover Einstein frame and Brans-Dicke frame. We shall see an explicit example of matter field and we will discuss how the conformal factor affects the physical quantities.
Theory and context / Theory in context
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Glaveanu, Vlad Petre
2014-01-01
It is debatable whether the psychology of creativity is a field in crisis or not. There are clear signs of increased fragmenta-tion and a scarcity of integrative efforts, but is this necessari-ly bad? Do we need more comprehensive theories of creativ-ity and a return to old epistemological...... trans-disciplinary manner. Consideration needs to be given as well to connected scholarship focusing on imagination, innova-tion, and improvisation. Last but not least, an expanded the-ory of context cannot ignore the institutional context of doing research on creativity. Creativity scholars are facing...
Enderton, Herbert B
1977-01-01
This is an introductory undergraduate textbook in set theory. In mathematics these days, essentially everything is a set. Some knowledge of set theory is necessary part of the background everyone needs for further study of mathematics. It is also possible to study set theory for its own interest--it is a subject with intruiging results anout simple objects. This book starts with material that nobody can do without. There is no end to what can be learned of set theory, but here is a beginning.
Crisan, Mircea
1989-01-01
This book discusses the most important aspects of the theory. The phenomenological model is followed by the microscopic theory of superconductivity, in which modern formalism of the many-body theory is used to treat most important problems such as superconducting alloys, coexistence of superconductivity with the magnetic order, and superconductivity in quasi-one-dimensional systems. It concludes with a discussion on models for exotic and high temperature superconductivity. Its main aim is to review, as complete as possible, the theory of superconductivity from classical models and methods up t
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wæver, Ole
2011-01-01
’ is distinct from both the study of political practices of securitization and explorations of competing concepts of politics among security theories. It means tracking what kinds of analysis the theory can produce and whether such analysis systematically impacts real-life political struggles. Securitization...... of securitization accordingly becomes sharpened. Instead of deducing the political quality of the theory from various empirical statements by its proponents, this approach zooms in on the very core of the theory: how does it structurally condition work done with it in systematically political ways?...
Games, theory and applications
Thomas, L C
2011-01-01
Anyone with a knowledge of basic mathematics will find this an accessible and informative introduction to game theory. It opens with the theory of two-person zero-sum games, two-person non-zero sum games, and n-person games, at a level between nonmathematical introductory books and technical mathematical game theory books. Succeeding sections focus on a variety of applications - including introductory explanations of gaming and meta games - that offer nonspecialists information about new areas of game theory at a comprehensible level. Numerous exercises appear with full solutions, in addition
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Galle, Per
2006-01-01
I suspect that the growing 'body' of design theory may be infected by more inconsistency than is justifiable by genuine disagreement among design researchers. Taking my clue from Peirce, who argued that theory inevitably rests on basics metaphysical assumptions that theorists ought to be critically...... aware of, I demonstrate how 'insidious inconsistency ' may infect design theory if we ignore this admonition. As a possible remedy, I propose a method by which the philosophy of design may develop sound methaphysical foundations ('worldviews') for design theory - and obtain philosophical insights...
Chen, Jing-Yuan; Son, Dam Thanh
2017-02-01
We develop an extension of the Landau Fermi liquid theory to systems of interacting fermions with non-trivial Berry curvature. We propose a kinetic equation and a constitutive relation for the electromagnetic current that together encode the linear response of such systems to external electromagnetic perturbations, to leading and next-to-leading orders in the expansion over the frequency and wave number of the perturbations. We analyze the Feynman diagrams in a large class of interacting quantum field theories and show that, after summing up all orders in perturbation theory, the current-current correlator exactly matches with the result obtained from the kinetic theory.
Covariantizing Classical Field Theories
López, Marco Castrillón
2010-01-01
We show how to enlarge the covariance group of any classical field theory in such a way that the resulting "covariantized" theory is 'essentially equivalent' to the original. In particular, our technique will render any classical field theory generally covariant, that is, the covariantized theory will be spacetime diffeomorphism-covariant and free of absolute objects. Our results thus generalize the well-known parametrization technique of Dirac and Kucha\\v{r}. Our constructions apply equally well to internal covariance groups, in which context they produce natural derivations of both the Utiyama minimal coupling and St\\"uckelberg tricks.
Cappell, Sylvain; Rosenberg, Jonathan
2014-01-01
Surgery theory, the basis for the classification theory of manifolds, is now about forty years old. There have been some extraordinary accomplishments in that time, which have led to enormously varied interactions with algebra, analysis, and geometry. Workers in many of these areas have often lamented the lack of a single source that surveys surgery theory and its applications. Indeed, no one person could write such a survey. The sixtieth birthday of C. T. C. Wall, one of the leaders of the founding generation of surgery theory, provided an opportunity to rectify the situation and produce a
Cappell, Sylvain; Rosenberg, Jonathan
2014-01-01
Surgery theory, the basis for the classification theory of manifolds, is now about forty years old. The sixtieth birthday (on December 14, 1996) of C.T.C. Wall, a leading member of the subject''s founding generation, led the editors of this volume to reflect on the extraordinary accomplishments of surgery theory as well as its current enormously varied interactions with algebra, analysis, and geometry. Workers in many of these areas have often lamented the lack of a single source surveying surgery theory and its applications. Because no one person could write such a survey, the editors ask
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
2006-01-01
The wavelength theory of light and color had been firmly established by the time the great German poet published his Theory of Colours in 1810. Nevertheless, Goethe believed that the theory derived from a fundamental error, in which an incidental result was mistaken for a elemental principle. Far from affecting a knowledge of physics, he maintained that such a background would inhibit understanding. The conclusions Goethe draws here rest entirely upon his personal observations.This volume does not have to be studied to be appreciated. The author's subjective theory of colors permits him to spe
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hastings, Gerard; Brown, Abraham; Anker, Thomas Boysen
2010-01-01
The chapter looks at three important theories which help social marketers to think more systematically about the key questions they need to address: (i) how does the target group or population feel about a particular behaviour (Stages of Change Theory); (ii) what social and contextual factors...... influence this positioning (Social Cognitive Theory and Social Norms) and; (iii) what offerings might encourage them to change their behaviour – or, those in a position to do so, to make the social context more conducive to change (Exchange Theory). Moreover, the chapter outlines how social marketers might...... benefit from a social epistemological approach....
Gardner, JW
2003-01-01
Radical Theory of Rings distills the most noteworthy present-day theoretical topics, gives a unified account of the classical structure theorems for rings, and deepens understanding of key aspects of ring theory via ring and radical constructions. Assimilating radical theory's evolution in the decades since the last major work on rings and radicals was published, the authors deal with some distinctive features of the radical theory of nonassociative rings, associative rings with involution, and near-rings. Written in clear algebraic terms by globally acknowledged authorities, the presentation
Young, Petyon
2014-01-01
The ability to understand and predict behavior in strategic situations, in which an individual's success in making choices depends on the choices of others, has been the domain of game theory since the 1950s. Developing the theories at the heart of game theory has resulted in 8 Nobel Prizes and insights that researchers in many fields continue to develop. In Volume 4, top scholars synthesize and analyze mainstream scholarship on games and economic behavior, providing an updated account of developments in game theory since the 2002 publication of Volume 3, which only covers work through the mi
MALFLIET, R
1993-01-01
We discuss the present status of relativistic transport theory. Special emphasis is put on problems of topical interest: hadronic features, thermodynamical consistent approximations and spectral properties.
Boundary Conformal Field Theory
Cardy, J L
2004-01-01
Boundary conformal field theory (BCFT) is simply the study of conformal field theory (CFT) in domains with a boundary. It gains its significance because, in some ways, it is mathematically simpler: the algebraic and geometric structures of CFT appear in a more straightforward manner; and because it has important applications: in string theory in the physics of open strings and D-branes, and in condensed matter physics in boundary critical behavior and quantum impurity models. In this article, however, I describe the basic ideas from the point of view of quantum field theory, without regard to particular applications nor to any deeper mathematical formulations.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Galle, Per
2006-01-01
I suspect that the growing 'body' of design theory may be infected by more inconsistency than is justifiable by genuine disagreement among design researchers. Taking my clue from Peirce, who argued that theory inevitably rests on basics metaphysical assumptions that theorists ought to be critically...... aware of, I demonstrate how 'insidious inconsistency ' may infect design theory if we ignore this admonition. As a possible remedy, I propose a method by which the philosophy of design may develop sound methaphysical foundations ('worldviews') for design theory - and obtain philosophical insights...
Mandl, Franz
2010-01-01
Following on from the successful first (1984) and revised (1993) editions, this extended and revised text is designed as a short and simple introduction to quantum field theory for final year physics students and for postgraduate students beginning research in theoretical and experimental particle physics. The three main objectives of the book are to: Explain the basic physics and formalism of quantum field theory To make the reader proficient in theory calculations using Feynman diagrams To introduce the reader to gauge theories, which play a central role in elementary particle physic
Generalized etale cohomology theories
Jardine, John F
1997-01-01
A generalized etale cohomology theory is a theory which is represented by a presheaf of spectra on an etale site for an algebraic variety, in analogy with the way an ordinary spectrum represents a cohomology theory for spaces. Examples include etale cohomology and etale K-theory. This book gives new and complete proofs of both Thomason's descent theorem for Bott periodic K-theory and the Nisnevich descent theorem. In doing so, it exposes most of the major ideas of the homotopy theory of presheaves of spectra, and generalized etale homology theories in particular. The treatment includes, for the purpose of adequately dealing with cup product structures, a development of stable homotopy theory for n-fold spectra, which is then promoted to the level of presheaves of n-fold spectra. This book should be of interest to all researchers working in fields related to algebraic K-theory. The techniques presented here are essentially combinatorial, and hence algebraic. An extensive background in traditional stable hom...
Pohlers, Wolfram
1989-01-01
Although this is an introductory text on proof theory, most of its contents is not found in a unified form elsewhere in the literature, except at a very advanced level. The heart of the book is the ordinal analysis of axiom systems, with particular emphasis on that of the impredicative theory of elementary inductive definitions on the natural numbers. The "constructive" consequences of ordinal analysis are sketched out in the epilogue. The book provides a self-contained treatment assuming no prior knowledge of proof theory and almost none of logic. The author has, moreover, endeavoured not to use the "cabal language" of proof theory, but only a language familiar to most readers.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Javadi, Hossein; Forouzbakhsh, Farshid; Daei Kasmaei, Hamed
2016-01-01
physical events. Emphasizing on these phenomena and presenting the relation between photon's energy and frequency, CPH Theory is to draw attention on the importance of constancy of speed in relation to the mass structure which will be scrutinized in reviewing relativistic Newton's second law. The results......There are various theories in physics, but nature is unique. This is not nature's problem that we have various theories; nature obeys simple and unique law. We should improve our theories. Universal constancy of the speed of light undergoes the question whether the limit on the light speed...
Dwivedi, Yogesh K; Schneberger, Scott L
2011-01-01
The overall mission of this book is to provide a comprehensive understanding and coverage of the various theories and models used in IS research. Specifically, it aims to focus on the following key objectives: To describe the various theories and models applicable to studying IS/IT management issues. To outline and describe, for each of the various theories and models, independent and dependent constructs, reference discipline/originating area, originating author(s), seminal articles, level of analysis (i.e. firm, individual, industry) and links with other theories. To provide a critical revie
Ketov, Sergei V
1995-01-01
Conformal field theory is an elegant and powerful theory in the field of high energy physics and statistics. In fact, it can be said to be one of the greatest achievements in the development of this field. Presented in two dimensions, this book is designed for students who already have a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics, field theory and general relativity. The main idea used throughout the book is that conformal symmetry causes both classical and quantum integrability. Instead of concentrating on the numerous applications of the theory, the author puts forward a discussion of the general
Kontextualisierung von Queer Theory Contextualizing Queer Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anna Voigt
2008-03-01
Full Text Available Christine M. Klapeer legt in diesem Einführungsband dar, aus welchen politischen und theoretischen Kontexten heraus sich ‚queer‘ zu einem Begriff mit besonderem politischem und theoretischem Gehalt entwickelt hat. Wesentlich zielt sie dabei auf eine kritische Kontextualisierung von „queer theory”. Die Autorin geht zunächst auf das Gay Liberation Movement ein, grenzt die Queer Theory vom Poststrukturalismus, von feministischen Theorien und den Lesbian and Gay Studies ab, beleuchtet Eckpunkte queeren Denkens und zeichnet schließlich die Entwicklungen in Österreich sowohl politisch-rechtlich als auch bewegungsgeschichtlich und in der Wissenschaftslandschaft nach.Christine M. Klapeer’s introductory volume demonstrates the manner in which ‘queer’ grew out of various political and theoretical contexts to become a term with special political and theoretical content. She focuses primarily on a critical contextualization of “queer theory.” The author begins by approaching the Gay Liberation Movement and then distinguishes Queer Theory from poststructuralism, from feminist theories, and from Lesbian and Gay Studies. She continues on to illuminate the key aspects of queer thought and concludes by sketching the development in Austria in terms of politics and the law, the history of movements, and within the landscape of knowledge.
Dynasting Theory: Lessons in learning grounded theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Johnben Teik-Cheok Loy, MBA, MTS, Ph.D.
2011-06-01
Full Text Available This article captures the key learning lessons gleaned from the author’s experience learning and developing a grounded theory for his doctoral dissertation using the classic methodology as conceived by Barney Glaser. The theory was developed through data gathered on founders and successors of Malaysian Chinese family-own businesses. The main concern for Malaysian Chinese family businesses emerged as dynasting . the building, maintaining, and growing the power and resources of the business within the family lineage. The core category emerged as dynasting across cultures, where founders and successors struggle to transition from traditional Chinese to hybrid cultural and modernized forms of family business from one generation to the next. The key learning lessons were categorized under five headings: (a sorting through different versions of grounded theory, (b educating and managing research stakeholders, (c embracing experiential learning, (d discovering the core category: grounded intuition, and (e recognizing limitations and possibilities.Keywords: grounded theory, learning, dynasting, family business, Chinese
Trubitsyn, A G
2012-01-01
In attempts to develop a means of life prolongation the humankind has created more than three hundred theories of the aging; each of them offers the original cause of aging. However, none of them has given practical result by now. The majority of the theories have now only historical interest. There are several different theories that are mainly under consideration currently. They are based on reliable, proven evidence: the free radical theory, the protein error theory, the replicative senescence theory, the theory of reparation weakening, the immunological theory, several versions of neuroendocrinal theories, and programmed aging theory. The theory presented here is based on conception that the life as the phenomenon represents many of the interconnected physical and chemical processes propelled by energy of the mitochondrial bioenergetical machine. Gradual degradation of all vital processes is caused by the programmed decrease in level of bioenergetics. This theory unites all existing theories of aging constructed on authentic facts: it is shown, that such fundamental phenomena accompanying aging process as the increase in level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the decrease in the general level of protein synthesis, the limitation of cellular dividing (Haiflick limit), decrease in efficiency of reparation mechanisms are caused by bioenergetics attenuation. Each of these phenomena in turn generates a number of harmful secondary processes. Any of the theories bases on one of these destructive phenomena or their combination. Hence, each of them describes one of sides of process of the aging initially caused by programmed decrease of level of bioenergetics. This united theory gives the chance to understand the nature of aging clock and explains a phenomenon of increase in longevity at the condition of food restriction. Failures of attempts to develop means from aging are explained by that the manipulations with the separate secondary phenomena of attenuation of
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hagedorn, Claudia
2017-01-01
I discuss different theories of leptonic flavor and their capability of describing the features of the lepton sector, namely charged lepton masses, neutrino masses, lepton mixing angles and leptonic (low and high energy) CP phases. In particular, I show examples of theories with an abelian flavor...
Perturbative Topological Field Theory
Dijkgraaf, Robbert
We give a review of the application of perturbative techniques to topological quantum field theories, in particular three-dimensional Chern-Simons-Witten theory and its various generalizations. To this end we give an introduction to graph homology and homotopy algebras and the work of Vassiliev and Kontsevich on perturbative knot invariants.
Jaeger, Audrey J.; Dunstan, Stephany; Thornton, Courtney; Rockenbach, Alyssa B.; Gayles, Joy G.; Haley, Karen J.
2013-01-01
When making decisions that impact student learning, college educators often consider previous experiences, precedent, common sense, and advice from colleagues. But how often do they consider theory? At a recent state-level educators' meeting, the authors of this article asked 50 student affairs educators about the use of theory in their practice.…
Evaluating Conceptual Metaphor Theory
Gibbs, Raymond W., Jr.
2011-01-01
A major revolution in the study of metaphor occurred 30 years ago with the introduction of "conceptual metaphor theory" (CMT). Unlike previous theories of metaphor and metaphorical meaning, CMT proposed that metaphor is not just an aspect of language, but a fundamental part of human thought. Indeed, most metaphorical language arises from…
Rexhepi, Jevdet; Torres, Carlos Alberto
2011-01-01
This paper discusses Critical Theory, a model of theorizing in the field of the political sociology of education. We argue for a "reimagined" Critical Theory to herald an empowering, liberatory education that fosters curiosity and critical thinking, and a means for successful bottom-up, top-down political engagement. We present arguments at a…
Suppes, Patrick
1972-01-01
This clear and well-developed approach to axiomatic set theory is geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. It examines the basic paradoxes and history of set theory and advanced topics such as relations and functions, equipollence, finite sets and cardinal numbers, rational and real numbers, and other subjects. 1960 edition.
Jaeger, Audrey J.; Dunstan, Stephany; Thornton, Courtney; Rockenbach, Alyssa B.; Gayles, Joy G.; Haley, Karen J.
2013-01-01
When making decisions that impact student learning, college educators often consider previous experiences, precedent, common sense, and advice from colleagues. But how often do they consider theory? At a recent state-level educators' meeting, the authors of this article asked 50 student affairs educators about the use of theory in their practice.…
Science and information theory
Brillouin, Leon
2013-01-01
A classic source for exploring the connections between information theory and physics, this text is geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. The author, a giant of 20th-century mathematics, applies the principles of information theory to a variety of issues, including Maxwell's demon, thermodynamics, and measurement problems. 1962 edition.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Michelsen, Aage U.
2004-01-01
Tankegangen bag Theory of Constraints samt planlægningsprincippet Drum-Buffer-Rope. Endvidere skitse af The Thinking Process.......Tankegangen bag Theory of Constraints samt planlægningsprincippet Drum-Buffer-Rope. Endvidere skitse af The Thinking Process....
Rewriting the Opportunity Theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Korsgaard, Steffen T.
The aim of this paper is to further the discussion of opportunity theory by discussing its ontological and epistemological underpinnings, which have been neglected in previous discussions. The idea that opportunities have an objective component is critically examined drawing on insights from social...... constructionism. It is argued that opportunity theory needs to be rewritten....
Rexhepi, Jevdet; Torres, Carlos Alberto
2011-01-01
This paper discusses Critical Theory, a model of theorizing in the field of the political sociology of education. We argue for a "reimagined" Critical Theory to herald an empowering, liberatory education that fosters curiosity and critical thinking, and a means for successful bottom-up, top-down political engagement. We present arguments…
CSIR Research Space (South Africa)
Varzinczak, IJ
2010-02-01
Full Text Available revisit the semantics of action theory contraction proposed in previous work, giving more robust operators that express minimal change based on a notion of distance between Kripke-models. Second we give algorithms for syntactical action theory contraction...
A CONFORMATIONAL ELASTICITY THEORY
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
1998-01-01
A new statistical theory based on the rotational isomeric state model describing the chain conformational free energy has been proposed. This theory can be used to predict different tensions of rubber elongation for chemically different polymers, and the energy term during the elongation of natural rubber coincides with the experimental one.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sadovskii, Michael V.
2013-06-01
This book discusses the main concepts of the Standard Model of elementary particles in a compact and straightforward way. The work illustrates the unity of modern theoretical physics by combining approaches and concepts of the quantum field theory and modern condensed matter theory. The inductive approach allows a deep understanding of ideas and methods used for solving problems in this field.
de Wit, Bernard
1990-01-01
After a brief and practical introduction to field theory and the use of Feynman diagram, we discuss the main concept in gauge theories and their application in elementary particle physics. We present all the ingredients necessary for the construction of the standard model.
Historicizing affordance theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pedersen, Sofie; Bang, Jytte Susanne
2017-01-01
The aim of this article is to discuss how mutually enriching points from both affordance theory and cultural-historical activity theory can promote theoretical ideas which may prove useful as analytical tools for the study of human life and human development. There are two issues that need to be ...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Michelsen, Aage U.
2004-01-01
Tankegangen bag Theory of Constraints samt planlægningsprincippet Drum-Buffer-Rope. Endvidere skitse af The Thinking Process.......Tankegangen bag Theory of Constraints samt planlægningsprincippet Drum-Buffer-Rope. Endvidere skitse af The Thinking Process....
Siegel, Allen M
2009-04-01
In "Theory Is Personal," Allen Siegel MD, a Chicago psychoanalyst and Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychiatry at Rush University Medical Center, shares the very personal story of how he came to his theory. Sometimes we find our theory. Other times, Siegel argues, it is our theory that finds us. In this article Siegel catalogues his early encounters with figures--contemporary and real--from Sigmund Freud to influential department chairs to an analyst who would become legendary for introducing a bold new theory into the psychoanalytic canon. Charting key experiences that shaped his adoption of this new approach--a depression in response to his first patient, a clinical treatment with Heinz Kohut, and exposure to others who dared to challenge Freud--Siegel describes the theory that brought both himself and his patients to life. After outlining the principles that guide the new theory and practice known as self psychology, Siegel tells of the empathic ambiance that can now emerge in the consulting room. Finally, he shows how this new theory of human motivation provides not merely a rationale for psychotherapy but an explanatory apparatus for understanding human action in the world beyond the consulting room. He turns to a brief study of aggression and war, as expressed in a 1932 correspondence between Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud, to illustrate how the understanding of aggression and war changes significantly when empathy is the field's data collecting instrument.
Rexhepi, Jevdet; Torres, Carlos Alberto
2011-01-01
This paper discusses Critical Theory, a model of theorizing in the field of the political sociology of education. We argue for a "reimagined" Critical Theory to herald an empowering, liberatory education that fosters curiosity and critical thinking, and a means for successful bottom-up, top-down political engagement. We present arguments…
Rewriting the Opportunity Theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Korsgaard, Steffen T.
The aim of this paper is to further the discussion of opportunity theory by discussing its ontological and epistemological underpinnings, which have been neglected in previous discussions. The idea that opportunities have an objective component is critically examined drawing on insights from social...... constructionism. It is argued that opportunity theory needs to be rewritten....
Roller, Duane H. D.
1981-01-01
Focusing on history of physics, which began about 600 B.C. with the Ionian Greeks and reaching full development within three centuries, suggests that the creation of the concept of the atom is understandable within the context of Greek physical theory; so is the rejection of the atomic theory by the Greek physicists. (Author/SK)
Implicit Theories of Persuasion.
Roskos-Ewoldsen, David R.
1997-01-01
Explores whether individuals have implicit theories of persuasion. Examines how persuasive strategies are cognitively represented--identifies types of tactics in attitude change and social acceptability of persuasive strategies. Finds implicit theories of persuasion reflect the audience's familiarity with the topic. Finds also that implicit…
Universality and string theory
Bachlechner, Thomas Christian
The first run at the Large Hadron Collider has deeply challenged conventional notions of naturalness, and CMB polarization experiments are about to open a new window to early universe cosmology. As a compelling candidate for the ultraviolet completion of the standard model, string theory provides a prime opportunity to study both early universe cosmology and particle physics. However, relating low energy observations to ultraviolet physics requires knowledge of the metastable states of string theory through the study of vacua. While it is difficult to directly obtain infrared data from explicit string theory constructions, string theory imposes constraints on low energy physics. The study of ensembles of low energy theories consistent with ultra-violet constraints provides insight on generic features we might expect to occur in string compactifications. In this thesis we present a statistical treatment of vacuum stability and vacuum properties in the context of random supergravity theories motivated by string theory. Early universe cosmology provides another avenue to high energy physics. From the low energy perspective large field inflation is typically considered highly unnatural: the scale relevant for the diameter of flat regions in moduli space is sub-Planckian in regions of perturbative control. To approach this problem, we consider generic Calabi-Yau compactifications of string theory and find that super-Planckian diameters of axion fundamental domains in fact arise generically. We further demonstrate that such super-Planckian flat regions are plausibly consistent with theWeak Gravity Conjecture.
Administrative Theory in Transition.
Griffiths, Daniel E.
This monograph analyzes transition in educational administrative theory. A brief introductory section describes the theoretical movement, the substance and repercussions of Thomas Greenfield's critique of educational administrative theory in 1974, and emerging qualitative approaches. Seven readings, all written by the volume's author, view…
History, Theory, and Education
Rury, John L.
2011-01-01
In this article, the author discusses the question of theory as it may pertain to the history of education, with particular attention to the United States. Historians, like everyone else, have little choice regarding the use of theory; to one extent or another they must. The question is how much and to what end. The author aims to consider the…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Catterall, Simon [Syracuse University; Hubisz, Jay [Syracuse University; Balachandran, Aiyalam [Syracuse University; Schechter, Joe [Syracuse University
2013-01-05
This final report describes the activities of the high energy theory group at Syracuse University for the period 1 January 2010 through April 30 2013. The research conducted by the group includes lattice gauge theory, non-commutative geometry, phenomenology and mathematical physics.
2009-06-16
Modern attempts to represent am- biguity in choice theory relax both the meaning of likelihood and the separation of tastes and beliefs that...completeness as a requirement of rationality. Eliaz and Ok (2006) have argued that rational choice theory with incomplete preferences is consistent
Molder, te H.F.M.
2009-01-01
Available in both print and electronic formats, the Encyclopedia of Communication Theory provides students and researchers with a comprehensive two-volume overview of contemporary communication theory. Reference librarians report that students frequently approach them seeking a source that will prov
Instantaneous stochastic perturbation theory
Lüscher, Martin
2015-01-01
A form of stochastic perturbation theory is described, where the representative stochastic fields are generated instantaneously rather than through a Markov process. The correctness of the procedure is established to all orders of the expansion and for a wide class of field theories that includes all common formulations of lattice QCD.
Zeh, H. D.
1998-01-01
This is a brief reply to Goldstein's article on ``Quantum Theory Without Observers'' in Physics Today. It is pointed out that Bohm's pilot wave theory is successful only because it keeps Schr\\"odinger's (exact) wave mechanics unchanged, while the rest of it is observationally meaningless and solely based on classical prejudice.
Zeh, H. D.
1999-04-01
This is a brief reply to S. Goldstein's article "Quantum theory without observers" in Physics Today. It is pointed out that Bohm's pilot wave theory is successful only because it keeps Schrödinger's (exact) wave mechanics unchanged, while the rest of it is observationally meaningless and solely based on classical prejudice.
Bhattacharjee, Somendra M; Giacometti, Achille; Maritan, Amos
2013-12-18
We review various simple analytical theories for homopolymers within a unified framework. The common guideline of our approach is the Flory theory, and its various avatars, with the attempt at being reasonably self-contained. We expect this review to be useful as an introduction to the topic at the graduate student level.
Shor, Mikhael
2003-01-01
States making game theory relevant and accessible to students is challenging. Describes the primary goal of GameTheory.net is to provide interactive teaching tools. Indicates the site strives to unite educators from economics, political and computer science, and ecology by providing a repository of lecture notes and tests for courses using…
2003-01-01
With the start of next year, CERN's Theory Division and Experimental Physics Division will merge to form the new Department of Physics. The Bulletin looks back at an era, has a closer a look at what the Theory Division is and what makes it so special.
Ritter, Simone; Rietzschel, Eric; Zedelius, Claire; Müller, Barbara; Schooler, Jonathan
2017-01-01
Creativity is of great appeal and importance to people, and they strive to understand creativity by developing lay theories. Such lay theories about creativity concern, for example, the characteristics of creative persons, such as the ‘mad genius’ idea, or environmental factors that contribute to
de Wild Propitius, M.D.F.; Bais, F.A.
1999-01-01
In these lectures, we present a self-contained treatment of planar gauge theories broken down to some finite residual gauge group $H$ via the Higgs mechanism. The main focus is on the discrete $H$ gauge theory describing the long distance physics of such a model. The spectrum features global $H$ cha
Science and information theory
Brillouin, Léon
1962-01-01
A classic source for exploring the connections between information theory and physics, this text is geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. The author, a giant of 20th-century mathematics, applies the principles of information theory to a variety of issues, including Maxwell's demon, thermodynamics, and measurement problems. 1962 edition.
Lipstein, Arthur E
2014-01-01
We formulate the theory of a 2-form gauge field on a Euclidean spacetime lattice. In this approach, the fundamental degrees of freedom live on the faces of the lattice, and the action can be constructed from the sum over Wilson surfaces associated with each fundamental cube of the lattice. If we take the gauge group to be $U(1)$, the theory reduces to the well-known abelian gerbe theory in the continuum limit. We also propose a very simple and natural non-abelian generalization with gauge group $U(N) \\times U(N)$, which gives rise to $U(N)$ Yang-Mills theory upon dimensional reduction. Formulating the theory on a lattice has several other advantages. In particular, it is possible to compute many observables, such as the expectation value of Wilson surfaces, analytically at strong coupling and numerically for any value of the coupling.
Statistical theory and inference
Olive, David J
2014-01-01
This text is for a one semester graduate course in statistical theory and covers minimal and complete sufficient statistics, maximum likelihood estimators, method of moments, bias and mean square error, uniform minimum variance estimators and the Cramer-Rao lower bound, an introduction to large sample theory, likelihood ratio tests and uniformly most powerful tests and the Neyman Pearson Lemma. A major goal of this text is to make these topics much more accessible to students by using the theory of exponential families. Exponential families, indicator functions and the support of the distribution are used throughout the text to simplify the theory. More than 50 ``brand name" distributions are used to illustrate the theory with many examples of exponential families, maximum likelihood estimators and uniformly minimum variance unbiased estimators. There are many homework problems with over 30 pages of solutions.