WorldWideScience

Sample records for question appraisal system

  1. Questions and information systems

    CERN Document Server

    Lauer, Thomas W; Graesser, Arthur C

    2013-01-01

    The design and functioning of an information system improve to the extent that the system can handle the questions people ask. Surprisingly, however, researchers in the cognitive, computer, and information sciences have not thoroughly examined the multitude of relationships between information systems and questions -- both question asking and answering. The purpose of this book is to explicitly examine these relationships. Chapter contributors believe that questions play a central role in the analysis, design, and use of different kinds of natural or artificial information systems such as huma

  2. 42 CFR 24.7 - Performance appraisal system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Performance appraisal system. 24.7 Section 24.7... RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.7 Performance appraisal system. The members of the Service shall be subject to a performance appraisal system which shall be designed to encourage excellence in performance and shall...

  3. Characteristics of Appraisal Systems That Promote Job Satisfaction of Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deneire, Alexia; Vanhoof, Jan; Faddar, Jerich; Gijbels, David; Van Petegem, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This article examines if and how characteristics of appraisal systems used for secondary school teachers affect job satisfaction. Using multilevel analyses on data of 3 473 teachers in Flanders (Belgium), we found that appraisals with a developmental purpose and appraisals perceived as being a fair judgement, both have a positive impact on job…

  4. Characteristics of Appraisal Systems That Promote Job Satisfaction of Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deneire, Alexia; Vanhoof, Jan; Faddar, Jerich; Gijbels, David; Van Petegem, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This article examines if and how characteristics of appraisal systems used for secondary school teachers affect job satisfaction. Using multilevel analyses on data of 3 473 teachers in Flanders (Belgium), we found that appraisals with a developmental purpose and appraisals perceived as being a fair judgement, both have a positive impact on job…

  5. Student-generated questions during chemistry lectures: Patterns, self-appraisals, and relations with motivational beliefs and achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergey, Bradley W.

    Self-generated questions are a central mechanism for learning, yet students' questions are often infrequent during classroom instruction. As a result, little is known about the nature of student questioning during typical instructional contexts such as listening to a lecture, including the extent and nature of student-generated questions, how students evaluate their questions, and the relations among questions, motivations, and achievement. This study examined the questions undergraduate students (N = 103) generated during 8 lectures in an introductory chemistry course. Students recorded and appraised their question in daily question logs and reported lecture-specific self-efficacy beliefs. Self-efficacy, personal interest, goal orientations, and other motivational self-beliefs were measured before and after the unit. Primary analyses included testing path models, multiple regressions, and latent class analyses. Overall, results indicated that several characteristics of student questioning during lectures were significantly related to various motivations and achievement. Higher end-of-class self-efficacy was associated with fewer procedural questions and more questions that reflected smaller knowledge deficits. Lower exam scores were associated with questions reflecting broader knowledge deficits and students' appraisals that their questions had less value for others than for themselves. Individual goal orientations collectively and positively predicted question appraisals. The questions students generated and their relations with motivational variables and achievement are discussed in light of the learning task and academic context.

  6. Performance appraisal process and system facets: relationship with contextual performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findley, H M; Giles, W F; Mossholder, K W

    2000-08-01

    Because appraisal-related interactions between supervisors and employees may influence more than task performance, the authors considered the potential effects of social and interpersonal processes in performance appraisal on contextual performance. They hypothesized that performance appraisal process and system facets were associated with employees' contextual performance as well as with their perceptions of appraisal accuracy. After controlling relevant variables, they found that appraisal process facets explained variance in contextual performance and perceived accuracy beyond that accounted for by the system facets. However, when the order of entry for the process and system variable sets was reversed, only for perceived appraisal accuracy, as hypothesized, did the system facets account for variance beyond that explained by the appraisal process facets.

  7. AN UNDERSTANDING TOWARDS BENEFITS AND CONCERNS ASSOCIATED WITH PERFORMANCE APPRAISALS- A STUDY HIGHLIGHTING THE ESSENTIALS OF GOOD APPRAISAL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mohammed Nazeer Ahmed,

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Performance appraisal is a formal and structured system followed by the organizations for reviewing and assessing the performance of employees. Organizations‘ initiate the performance appraisals process for administrative purposes and for employee development purposes. For administrative purposes, it assists management in selection; retention; and training of personnel‘s, in estimating the number of personnel required, for rewarding and honoring employees, for legal requirements, and for granting hike in employees‘ salary. For employee development purposes, the appraisal process is used to communicate employees‘ strengths & weaknesses, to identify individuals‘ training needs & identify gaps in workers‘ performance, to judge the efficiency of human resource personnel‘s involved with recruitment, selection etc. and also to reduce the grievances of employees. An effective appraisal would always assist organizations in achieving the organizational goals. Nevertheless, an appraisal would also be the cause of negative experience when the managers judge the employees‘ performance in a biased manner. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the purposes of using appraisals in an organization also to emphasize both the benefits and concerns associated with the appraisals. The main purpose of the study is to emphasis comprehensively the various essential requirements of good appraisal system. The good appraisal system is required to overcome the concerns associated with appraisals and to garner the true benefits of appraisals. The present study recommends that, for the successful achievement of organizational objectives, the appraisal system should be appropriate and effective.

  8. New Teachers' Perceptions of a Standards-Based Performance Appraisal System

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Pry, Stephen C.; Schumacher, Gary

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted with first-year teachers. It provided insight into two key research questions: (1) What were the perceptions of new teachers regarding a standards-based performance appraisal system as it was implemented on their campus? (2) What factors contributed to the perceptions of new teachers regarding this system as it was…

  9. A Systems Look at Performance Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slusher, E. Allen

    1975-01-01

    Results or goal achievement measurements of a manager's performance can be achieved for management with the use of the performance appraisal process which gives a broader perspective in the management of human resources. (Author)

  10. 5 CFR 430.204 - Agency performance appraisal system(s).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency performance appraisal system(s... REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal for General Schedule, Prevailing Rate, and Certain Other Employees § 430.204 Agency performance appraisal system(s). (a) Each agency as defined at...

  11. Ten questions about systems biology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joyner, Michael J; Pedersen, Bente K

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we raise 'ten questions' broadly related to 'omics', the term systems biology, and why the new biology has failed to deliver major therapeutic advances for many common diseases, especially diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We argue that a fundamentally narrow and reductionist...... to understand how whole animals adapt to the real world. We argue that a lack of fluency in these concepts is a major stumbling block for what has been narrowly defined as 'systems biology' by some of its leading advocates. We also point out that it is a failure of regulation at multiple levels that causes many...

  12. Health system guidance appraisal-concept evaluation and usability testing

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background Health system guidance (HSG) provides recommendations aimed to address health system challenges. However, there is a paucity of methods to direct, appraise, and report HSG. Earlier research identified 30 candidate criteria (concepts) that can be used to evaluate the quality of HSG and guide development and reporting requirements. The objective of this paper was to describe two studies aimed at evaluating the importance of these 30 criteria, design a draft HSG appraisal tool, and te...

  13. Fostering a culture of accountability through a performance appraisal system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillani, Asmita; Jarvi, Kristine; De Angelis, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    The current climate in Canadian healthcare requires that healthcare providers be more accountable to the government and other stakeholders. Using a well-structured performance appraisal system that is based on quantifiable objectives and standards, a high level of accountability can be achieved. The objective of this article is to demonstrate how a sound performance appraisal system can increase accountability and performance of healthcare organizations and their senior management.

  14. The Exhibition Performance Appraisal Index System Based on Stakeholder Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Shu-min; HAO Qi-hui

    2009-01-01

    Exhibition performance should be evaluated from different perspectives of stakeholders. The benefits of each stakeholder can not be satisfied when evaluating the exhibition performance from a single perspective or. only evaluating the economic performance of the exhibition. In this paper, the stakeholders are defined on the basis of questionnaire investigation and classified by mathematical statistical method. According to the requirements of the stakeholders, the exhibition performance appraisal indicators are extracted and, simplified by factor analysis, which leads to the formation of a set of performance appraisal index system. It is an instructive attempt to work out the exhibition performance appraisal model from the perspective of stakeholders, which may provide theoretical foundation and practice instruction for exhibition performance appraisal in our country.

  15. Multi source feedback based performance appraisal system using Fuzzy logic decision support system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.Meenakshi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In Multi-Source Feedback or 360 Degree Feedback, data on the performance of an individual are collected systematically from a number of stakeholders and are used for improving performance. The 360-Degree Feedback approach provides a consistent management philosophy meeting the criterion outlined previously. The 360-degree feedback appraisal process describes a human resource methodology that is frequently used for both employee appraisal and employee development. Used in employee performance appraisals, the 360-degree feedback methodology is differentiated from traditional, top-down appraisalmethods in which the supervisor responsible for the appraisal provides the majority of the data. Instead it seeks to use information gained from other sources to provide a fuller picture of employees’ performances. Similarly, when this technique used in employee development it augments employees’ perceptions of training needs with those of the people with whom they interact. The 360-degree feedback based appraisal is a comprehensive method where in the feedback about the employee comes from all the sources that come into contact with the employee on his/her job. The respondents for an employee can be her/his peers, managers, subordinates team members, customers, suppliers and vendors. Hence anyone who comes into contact with the employee, the 360 degree appraisal has four components that include self-appraisal, superior’s appraisal, subordinate’s appraisal student’s appraisal and peer’s appraisal .The proposed system is an attempt to implement the 360 degree feedback based appraisal system in academics especially engineering colleges.

  16. Randomized trial for answers to clinical questions: Evaluating a pre-appraised versus a MEDLINE search protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Manesh R.; Schardt, Connie M.; Sanders, Linda L.; Keitz, Sheri A.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The paper compares the speed, validity, and applicability of two different protocols for searching the primary medical literature. Design: A randomized trial involving medicine residents was performed. Setting: An inpatient general medicine rotation was used. Participants: Thirty-two internal medicine residents were block randomized into four groups of eight. Main Outcome Measures: Success rate of each search protocol was measured by perceived search time, number of questions answered, and proportion of articles that were applicable and valid. Results: Residents randomized to the MEDLINE-first (protocol A) group searched 120 questions, and residents randomized to the MEDLINE-last (protocol B) searched 133 questions. In protocol A, 104 answers (86.7%) and, in protocol B, 117 answers (88%) were found to clinical questions. In protocol A, residents reported that 26 (25.2%) of the answers were obtained quickly or rated as “fast” (<5 minutes) as opposed to 55 (51.9%) in protocol B, (P = 0.0004). A subset of questions and articles (n = 79) were reviewed by faculty who found that both protocols identified similar numbers of answer articles that addressed the questions and were felt to be valid using critical appraisal criteria. Conclusion: For resident-generated clinical questions, both protocols produced a similarly high percentage of applicable and valid articles. The MEDLINE-last search protocol was perceived to be faster. However, in the MEDLINE-last protocol, a significant portion of questions (23%) still required searching MEDLINE to find an answer. PMID:17082828

  17. Participatory rural appraisal of spate irrigation systems in eastern Eritrea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tesfai, M.; Graaff, de J.

    2000-01-01

    In the Sheeb area in eastern Eritrea a Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) was carried out in two villages, one upstream and one downstream of the ephemeral rivers Laba and Mai-ule. The objectives of the study were to obtain a better understanding of farmer-managed spate irrigation systems and to

  18. Participatory rural appraisal of spate irrigation systems in eastern Eritrea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tesfai, M.; Graaff, de J.

    2000-01-01

    In the Sheeb area in eastern Eritrea a Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) was carried out in two villages, one upstream and one downstream of the ephemeral rivers Laba and Mai-ule. The objectives of the study were to obtain a better understanding of farmer-managed spate irrigation systems and to en

  19. The Perception of the Employees toward the Outcomes and Detriments of Performance Appraisal System

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim Sani Mert

    2011-01-01

    Although performance appraisal is one of the most important functions of human resources management, it can not be said that the organizations have obtained the full benefit from performance appraisal system as they expected. Lack of enough investigation about employees’ perception toward the effectiveness of the performance appraisal system can be mentioned as one of the reasons. The perception of employees toward the effectiveness of performance appraisal system helps human resources employ...

  20. A Complex Systems Model Approach to Quantified Mineral Resource Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gettings, M.E.; Bultman, M.W.; Fisher, F.S.

    2004-01-01

    For federal and state land management agencies, mineral resource appraisal has evolved from value-based to outcome-based procedures wherein the consequences of resource development are compared with those of other management options. Complex systems modeling is proposed as a general framework in which to build models that can evaluate outcomes. Three frequently used methods of mineral resource appraisal (subjective probabilistic estimates, weights of evidence modeling, and fuzzy logic modeling) are discussed to obtain insight into methods of incorporating complexity into mineral resource appraisal models. Fuzzy logic and weights of evidence are most easily utilized in complex systems models. A fundamental product of new appraisals is the production of reusable, accessible databases and methodologies so that appraisals can easily be repeated with new or refined data. The data are representations of complex systems and must be so regarded if all of their information content is to be utilized. The proposed generalized model framework is applicable to mineral assessment and other geoscience problems. We begin with a (fuzzy) cognitive map using (+1,0,-1) values for the links and evaluate the map for various scenarios to obtain a ranking of the importance of various links. Fieldwork and modeling studies identify important links and help identify unanticipated links. Next, the links are given membership functions in accordance with the data. Finally, processes are associated with the links; ideally, the controlling physical and chemical events and equations are found for each link. After calibration and testing, this complex systems model is used for predictions under various scenarios.

  1. Utilization of performance appraisal systems in health care organizations and improvement strategies for supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra, Ashish; Frank, Zachary D

    2004-01-01

    Performance appraisal systems that are designed to objectively evaluate an employee's performance and then outline measures to be taken for improvements are essential for an organization to move ahead. These systems are often organization specific and health care organizations are no exception. However, health care managers seem to be more vocal and have often expressed dissatisfaction with the use of their company's performance appraisal system. This article is based on a case study of a health care organization's current performance appraisal techniques. This organization's current use of performance appraisals are discussed in brief, and strategies for health care organizations to improve their performance appraisal system have also been identified.

  2. World-System and Evolution: An Appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas D. Hall

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper makes six arguments. First, socio-cultural evolution must be studied from a "world-system" or intersocietal interaction perspective. A focus on change in individual "societies" or "groups" fails to attend adequately to the effects of intersocietal interaction on social and cultural change. Second, in order to be useful, theories of the modern world-system must be modified extensively to deal with non-capitalist settings. In particular, changes in system boundaries marked by exchange networks (for information, luxury or prestige goods, political/military interactions, and bulk goods seldom coincide,and follow different patterns of change. Third, all such systems tend to pulsate, that is, expand and contract, or at least expand rapidly and less rapidly. Fourth, once hierarchical forms of social organization develop such systems typically have cycles of rise and fall in the relative positions of constituent politics. Fifth, expansion of world-systems forms and transforms social relations in newly incorporated areas. While complex in the modern world-system, these changes are even more complex in precapitalist settings. Sixth, thesetwo cycles combine with demographic and epidemiological processes to shape long -term socio-cultural evolution.

  3. QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM DAN PENERAPANNYA PADA ALKITAB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunawan Gunawan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Question answering system is a system that allows user to state his or her information need in the form of natural language question, and return short text excerpts or even phrases as an answer. The availability of a wide and various information source and improvements in the techniques of natural language processing, information extraction (wrapper, and information retrieval give a big effect on the development of question answering system, from just answering questions in a specific domain by consulting to structured information source such as database, and like in this research, answering any questions based on information stored in an unstructured text collection. A general architecture of question answering system based on text consists of six processing stages, i.e. question analysis, document collection preprocessing, candidate document selection, candidate document analysis, answer extraction, and response generation. Application of question answering system like AnswerBus, Mulder, and Webclopedia that are developed with its own characteristics has similar processing steps as in the general architecture. Answers returned by a question answering system need to be evaluated for performance measure. This research completed with a simple question answering system application using english Bible in World English Bible (WEB version as the source of information to answer some questions. Because specific domain is selected: Bible, questions that can be posed by user could ask about information in the Bible itself only. Question is also limited to three types of answers that can be supported by the application: person (who, location (where, and date (when. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Question answering system (QA system adalah sistem yang mengijinkan user menyatakan kebutuhan informasinya dalam bentuk natural language question (pertanyaan dalam bahasa alami, dan mengembalikan kutipan teks singkat atau bahkan frase sebagai jawaban. Ketersediaan

  4. Management Systems Design: A Critical Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Roger G.

    1977-01-01

    Improved management systems can be developed for colleges and universities if assumptions are correct and a well-defined process is used. A life-cycle approach is suggested whose subsystems and implementation at Augsburg College, a small private liberal arts institution, are described. (LBH)

  5. Program Facilitates CMMI Appraisals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweetser, Wesley

    2005-01-01

    A computer program has been written to facilitate appraisals according to the methodology of Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI). [CMMI is a government/industry standard, maintained by the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, for objectively assessing the engineering capability and maturity of an organization (especially, an organization that produces software)]. The program assists in preparation for a CMMI appraisal by providing drop-down lists suggesting required artifacts or evidence. It identifies process areas for which similar evidence is required and includes a copy feature that reduces or eliminates repetitive data entry. It generates reports to show the entire framework for reference, the appraisal artifacts to determine readiness for an appraisal, and lists of interviewees and questions to ask them during the appraisal. During an appraisal, the program provides screens for entering observations and ratings, and reviewing evidence provided thus far. Findings concerning strengths and weaknesses can be exported for use in a report or a graphical presentation. The program generates a chart showing capability level ratings of the organization. A context-sensitive Windows help system enables a novice to use the program and learn about the CMMI appraisal process.

  6. Review and appraisal of concept of sustainable food production systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brklacich, Michael; Bryant, Christopher R.; Smit, Barry

    1991-01-01

    Environmental degradation, competition for resources, increasing food demands, and the integration of agriculture into the international economy threaten the sustainability of many food production systems. Despite these concerns, the concept of sustainable food production systems remains unclear, and recent attempts to appraise sustainability have been hampered by conceptual inconsistencies and the absence of workable definitions. Six perspectives are shown to underpin the concept. Environmental accounting identifies biophysical limits for agriculture. Sustained yield refers to output levels that can be maintained continuously. Carrying capacity defines maximum population levels that can be supported in perpetuity. Production unit viability refers to the capacity of primary producers to remain in agriculture. Product supply and security focuses on the adequacy of food supplies. Equity is concerned with the spatial and temporal distribution of products dervied from resource use. Many studies into sustainable agriculture cover more than one of these perspectives, indicating the concept is complex and embraces issues relating to the biophysical, social, and economic environments. Clarification of the concept would facilitate the development of frameworks and analytical systems for appraising the sustainability of food production systems.

  7. Some Notes on Critical Appraisal of Prevalence Studies; Comment on: “The Development of a Critical Appraisal Tool for Use in Systematic Reviews Addressing Questions of Prevalence”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Harder

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Decisions in healthcare should be based on information obtained according to the principles of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM. An increasing number of systematic reviews are published which summarize the results of prevalence studies. Interpretation of the results of these reviews should be accompanied by an appraisal of the methodological quality of the included data and studies. The critical appraisal tool for prevalence studies developed and tested by Munn et al. comprises 10 items and aims at targeting all kinds of prevalence studies. This comment discusses the pros and cons of different designs of quality appraisal tools and highlights their importance for systematic reviews of prevalence studies. Beyond piloting, which has been performed in the study by Munn et al., it is suggested here that the validity of the tool should be tested, including reproducibility and inter-rater reliability. It is concluded that studies as the one by Munn et al. will help to establish a critical understanding of methodological quality and will support the use of systematic reviews of non-intervention studies for health policy making.

  8. Development of Performance Appraisal System for Local School Teachers in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uttaramart, Suphawadee; Tesaputa, Kowat; Sri-am-pai, Anan

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this research were: 1) to study current situation and problem in the performance appraisal system of secondary school teachers, under jurisdiction of the Local Administrative Organization (LAO), 2) to develop the performance appraisal system to apply with the LAO school teachers, and 3) to evaluate the application from the…

  9. Comparisons of Managerial and Employee Satisfaction with a Performance Appraisal System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mount, Michael K.

    1983-01-01

    Surveyed managers and employees to assess satisfaction with a performance appraisal system. Factor analyses indicated that employees perceive certain aspects of the appraisal system in a global way, whereas managers differentiate among various components and see them as distinct entities. The relative importance of the factors differs. (Author/JAC)

  10. Multi User Feedback System Based On Performance and Appraisal Using Fuzzy Logic Base System- Design and Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameet.D.Shah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In Multi-user Feedback support system or 3600 Feedback, data on the performance of an individual are collected systematically from a number of stakeholders and are used for improving performance. The 3600 Feedback approach provides a consistent management philosophy meeting the criterion outlined previously. The 3600 feedback based appraisal is a comprehensive method where in the feedback about the employee comes from all the sources that come into contact with the employee on his/her job. The respondents for an employee can be her/his peers, managers, subordinates team members, customers, suppliers and vendors. Hence anyone who comes into contact with the employee, the 3600 appraisal has four components that include self-appraisal, superior’s appraisal, subordinate’s appraisal student’s appraisal and peer’s appraisal.

  11. Stressful, Hectic, Daunting: A Critical Policy Study of the Ontario Teacher Performance Appraisal System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Marianne A.

    2009-01-01

    Teacher performance appraisal policies are a part of a global complex of accountability based teacher policies. This paper is a study of the Ontario teacher performance appraisal (TPA) system. First, the paper describes the education reform contexts associated with the origins and adoption of the TPA policy. Then the paper reports on the results…

  12. A scoring system for appraising mixed methods research, and concomitantly appraising qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods primary studies in Mixed Studies Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pluye, Pierre; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Griffiths, Frances; Johnson-Lafleur, Janique

    2009-04-01

    A new form of literature review has emerged, Mixed Studies Review (MSR). These reviews include qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies. In the present paper, we examine MSRs in health sciences, and provide guidance on processes that should be included and reported. However, there are no valid and usable criteria for concomitantly appraising the methodological quality of the qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies. To propose criteria for concomitantly appraising the methodological quality of qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies or study components. A three-step critical review was conducted. 2322 references were identified in MEDLINE, and their titles and abstracts were screened; 149 potentially relevant references were selected and the full-text papers were examined; 59 MSRs were retained and scrutinized using a deductive-inductive qualitative thematic data analysis. This revealed three types of MSR: convenience, reproducible, and systematic. Guided by a proposal, we conducted a qualitative thematic data analysis of the quality appraisal procedures used in the 17 systematic MSRs (SMSRs). Of 17 SMSRs, 12 showed clear quality appraisal procedures with explicit criteria but no SMSR used valid checklists to concomitantly appraise qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies. In two SMSRs, criteria were developed following a specific procedure. Checklists usually contained more criteria than needed. In four SMSRs, a reliability assessment was described or mentioned. While criteria for quality appraisal were usually based on descriptors that require specific methodological expertise (e.g., appropriateness), no SMSR described the fit between reviewers' expertise and appraised studies. Quality appraisal usually resulted in studies being ranked by methodological quality. A scoring system is proposed for concomitantly appraising the methodological quality of qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies for SMSRs. This

  13. APLIKASI QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM DENGAN METODE RULE-BASED QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM PADA ALKITAB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Handojo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Bible as the holy book of Christians who are very close to the religious life and as a moral guide for Christians. So the Bible become a necessity when a christians want to search for for specific data or information. But sometimes to find the answer to a question people sometimes having a trouble, because people did not know how to find the answer that they are looking for at the verses in the Bible that’s relatively large of amount. Therefore an application that have an ability to provide answers from the Bible verses that have the possibility of answers to questions raised by the user is needed. Where users can enter questions using keyword when, where, why, whom and what. Question Answering System Application will operate on a digital Bible in Indonesian language by using Rule-Based Question Answering System and created using Visual Basic 6.0 and Microsoft Access 2003 database. Based on application testing that made, the aplication has been able to find answers to the questions that asked according to the keywords. Meanwhile, based on testing with the questionnaire, the application obtained an average percentage of 77.2% from the respondents.

  14. Autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis: Unanswered questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CRISTIANE eKAYSER

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Systemic sclerosis (SSc is an autoimmune disease characterized by vascular abnormalities, and cutaneous and visceral fibrosis. Serum autoantibodies directed to multiple intracellular antigens are present in more than 95% of patients and are considered a hallmark of SSc. They are helpful biomarkers for the early diagnosis of SSc and are associated with distinctive clinical manifestations. With the advent of more sensitive, multiplexed immunoassays, new and old questions about the relevance of autoantibodies in SSc are emerging. In this review we discuss the clinical relevance of autoantibodies in SSc emphasizing the more recently published data. Moreover, we will summarize recent advances regarding the stability of SSc autoantibodies over the course of disease, whether they are mutually exclusive and their potential roles in the disease pathogenesis.

  15. Research on Appraisal System of Procurator Performance by Using High-Order CFA Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-mao Huang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The prosecutor is the main body of procuratorial organs. The performance appraisal system plays an important role in promoting the work efficiency of procurator. In this paper, we establish the performance appraisal system of procurators by high-order confirmatory factor analysis method and evaluate procurators’ performance by fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on the 360 degrees. The results have some help to performance management of procuratorial organs.

  16. Trust, regulatory processes and NICE decision-making: Appraising cost-effectiveness models through appraising people and systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Patrick; Hashem, Ferhana; Calnan, Michael

    2016-02-01

    This article presents an ethnographic study of regulatory decision-making regarding the cost-effectiveness of expensive medicines at the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England. We explored trust as one important mechanism by which problems of complexity and uncertainty were resolved. Existing studies note the salience of trust for regulatory decisions, by which the appraisal of people becomes a proxy for appraising technologies themselves. Although such (dis)trust in manufacturers was one important influence, we describe a more intricate web of (dis)trust relations also involving various expert advisors, fellow committee members and committee Chairs. Within these complex chains of relations, we found examples of both more blind-acquiescent and more critical-Investigative forms of trust as well as, at times, pronounced distrust. Difficulties in overcoming uncertainty through other means obliged trust in some contexts, although not in others. (Dis)trust was constructed through inferences involving abstract systems alongside actors' oral and written presentations-of-self. Systemic features and 'forced options' to trust indicate potential insidious processes of regulatory capture.

  17. Selection of the method to appraise and compare health systems using risk stratification: the ASSEHS approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora, J; De Massari, D; Pauws, S; op den Buijs, J; David, M; Prieto, L; Contel, J; Martí, T; Bousquet, J; de Manuel, E

    2015-12-01

    To face the challenge of active and healthy ageing, European Health Systems and services should move towards proactive, anticipatory and integrated care. The comparison of methods to combine results across studies and to determine an overall effect was undertaken by the EU project ASSEHS (Activation of Stratification Strategies and Results of the interventions on frail patients of Healthcare Services, EU project (No. 2013 12 04). The questions raised in ASSEHS are broad and involve a complex body of literature. Thus, systematic reviews are not appropriate. The most appropriate method appears to be scoping studies. In this paper, an updated method of scoping studies has been used to determine the questions needed to appraise the health systems and services for frailty in the ageing population. Three objectives were set (i) to detect a relevant number of risk stratification tools for frailty and identify the best-in-class, (ii) to understand the feasibility of introducing stratification tools and identify the difficulties of the process and (iii) to find evidence on the impact of risk stratification in Health Services. This novel approach may provide greater clarity about scoping study methodology and help enhance the methodological rigor with which authors undertake and report scoping studies.

  18. Design and Implementation of Fuzzy Rule Based Expert System for Employees Performance Appraisal in IT Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashima Aggarwal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Performance Appraisal of employees plays a very critical role towards the growth of any organization. It has always been a tough task for any industry or organization as there is no unanimous scientific modus operandi for that. Performance Appraisal system is used to assess the capabilities and productiveness of the employees. In assessing employee performance, performance appraisal commonly includes assigning numerical values or linguistic labels to employees performance. However, the employee performance appraisal may include judgments which are based on imprecise data particularly when one employee tries to interpret another employee’s performance. Thus, the values assigned by the appraiser are only approximations and there is inherent vagueness in the evaluation. By fuzzy logic perspective, the performance of the appraisee includes the evaluation of his/her work ability, skills and adaptability which are absolutely fuzzy concepts that needs to be define in fuzzy terms. Hence, fuzzy approach can be used to examine these imprecise and uncertainty information. Consequently, the performance appraisal of employees can be accomplished by fuzzy logic approach and different defuzzification techniques are applied to rank the employees according to their performance, which shows inconsequential deviation in the rankings and hence proves the robustness of the system.

  19. Domain and Intelligence Based Multimedia Question Answering System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K. Magesh; Valarmathie, P.

    2016-01-01

    Multimedia question answering systems have become very popular over the past few years. It allows users to share their thoughts by answering a given question or obtain information from a set of answered questions. However, existing QA systems support only textual answer which is not so instructive for many users. The user's discussion can be…

  20. A Support System for Error Correction Questions in Programming Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hachisu, Yoshinari; Yoshida, Atsushi

    2014-01-01

    For supporting the education of debugging skills, we propose a system for generating error correction questions of programs and checking the correctness. The system generates HTML files for answering questions and CGI programs for checking answers. Learners read and answer questions on Web browsers. For management of error injection, we have…

  1. Understanding the modifiable health systems barriers to hypertension management in Malaysia: a multi-method health systems appraisal approach

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Risso-Gill, Isabelle; Balabanova, Dina; Majid, Fadhlina; Ng, Kien Keat; Yusoff, Khalid; Mustapha, Feisul; Kuhlbrandt, Charlotte; Nieuwlaat, Robby; Schwalm, J-D; McCready, Tara; Teo, Koon K; Yusuf, Salim; McKee, Martin

    2015-01-01

    .... We describe a multi-method health system appraisal to inform the design of an intervention that will be used in a cluster randomized controlled trial to improve hypertension control in Malaysia...

  2. 5 CFR 430.405 - Procedures for certifying agency appraisal systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 430.405... appraisals of their relative performance against performance expectations in any given appraisal period... pay based on annual summary ratings, ratings of record, or other performance appraisal...

  3. THE ROLE OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE CONTEXT OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria HERMEL-STĂNESCU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Performance management is a complex concept that integrates all business activities and creates a continuous system for improvement. One of the key ingredients in an efficient performance management system is a well-designed performance appraisal that integrates the individual goals with the team and organization goals. When designing a performance appraisal system one has to consider the many existing techniques, tools and sources of error. Also, when defining the expected results and KPI’s for measurement, it is important to know the difference between output and outcome. The present paper aims to synthetize, through a literature review, the main aspects of performance appraisal in the context of performance management, pointing out its advantages and disadvantages.

  4. Question Processing and Clustering in INDOC: A Biomedical Question Answering System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankush Mittal

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The exponential growth in the volume of publications in the biomedical domain has made it impossible for an individual to keep pace with the advances. Even though evidence-based medicine has gained wide acceptance, the physicians are unable to access the relevant information in the required time, leaving most of the questions unanswered. This accentuates the need for fast and accurate biomedical question answering systems. In this paper we introduce INDOC—a biomedical question answering system based on novel ideas of indexing and extracting the answer to the questions posed. INDOC displays the results in clusters to help the user arrive the most relevant set of documents quickly. Evaluation was done against the standard OHSUMED test collection. Our system achieves high accuracy and minimizes user effort.

  5. Evidence-based decision-making in infectious diseases epidemiology, prevention and control: matching research questions to study designs and quality appraisal tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harder, Thomas; Takla, Anja; Rehfuess, Eva; Sánchez-Vivar, Alex; Matysiak-Klose, Dorothea; Eckmanns, Tim; Krause, Gérard; de Carvalho Gomes, Helena; Jansen, Andreas; Ellis, Simon; Forland, Frode; James, Roberta; Meerpohl, Joerg J; Morgan, Antony; Schünemann, Holger; Zuiderent-Jerak, Teun; Wichmann, Ole

    2014-05-21

    The Project on a Framework for Rating Evidence in Public Health (PRECEPT) was initiated and is being funded by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to define a methodology for evaluating and grading evidence and strength of recommendations in the field of public health, with emphasis on infectious disease epidemiology, prevention and control. One of the first steps was to review existing quality appraisal tools (QATs) for individual research studies of various designs relevant to this area, using a question-based approach. Through team discussions and expert consultations, we identified 20 relevant types of public health questions, which were grouped into six domains, i.e. characteristics of the pathogen, burden of disease, diagnosis, risk factors, intervention, and implementation of intervention. Previously published systematic reviews were used and supplemented by expert consultation to identify suitable QATs. Finally, a matrix was constructed for matching questions to study designs suitable to address them and respective QATs. Key features of each of the included QATs were then analyzed, in particular in respect to its intended use, types of questions and answers, presence/absence of a quality score, and if a validation was performed. In total we identified 21 QATs and 26 study designs, and matched them. Four QATs were suitable for experimental quantitative study designs, eleven for observational quantitative studies, two for qualitative studies, three for economic studies, one for diagnostic test accuracy studies, and one for animal studies. Included QATs consisted of six to 28 items. Six of the QATs had a summary quality score. Fourteen QATs had undergone at least one validation procedure. The results of this methodological study can be used as an inventory of potentially relevant questions, appropriate study designs and QATs for researchers and authorities engaged with evidence-based decision-making in infectious disease epidemiology

  6. AskHERMES: An online question answering system for complex clinical questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, YongGang; Liu, Feifan; Simpson, Pippa; Antieau, Lamont; Bennett, Andrew; Cimino, James J; Ely, John; Yu, Hong

    2011-04-01

    Clinical questions are often long and complex and take many forms. We have built a clinical question answering system named AskHERMES to perform robust semantic analysis on complex clinical questions and output question-focused extractive summaries as answers. This paper describes the system architecture and a preliminary evaluation of AskHERMES, which implements innovative approaches in question analysis, summarization, and answer presentation. Five types of resources were indexed in this system: MEDLINE abstracts, PubMed Central full-text articles, eMedicine documents, clinical guidelines and Wikipedia articles. We compared the AskHERMES system with Google (Google and Google Scholar) and UpToDate and asked physicians to score the three systems by ease of use, quality of answer, time spent, and overall performance. AskHERMES allows physicians to enter a question in a natural way with minimal query formulation and allows physicians to efficiently navigate among all the answer sentences to quickly meet their information needs. In contrast, physicians need to formulate queries to search for information in Google and UpToDate. The development of the AskHERMES system is still at an early stage, and the knowledge resource is limited compared with Google or UpToDate. Nevertheless, the evaluation results show that AskHERMES' performance is comparable to the other systems. In particular, when answering complex clinical questions, it demonstrates the potential to outperform both Google and UpToDate systems. AskHERMES, available at http://www.AskHERMES.org, has the potential to help physicians practice evidence-based medicine and improve the quality of patient care. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Designing effective questions for classroom response system teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Ian D.; Gerace, William J.; Leonard, William J.; Dufresne, Robert J.

    2006-01-01

    Classroom response systems can be powerful tools for teaching physics. Their efficacy depends strongly on the quality of the questions. Creating effective questions is difficult and differs from creating exam and homework problems. Each classroom response system question should have an explicit pedagogic purpose consisting of a content goal, a process goal, and a metacognitive goal. Questions can be designed to fulfill their purpose through four complementary mechanisms: directing students' attention, stimulating specific cognitive processes, communicating information to the instructor and students via classroom response system-tabulated answer counts, and facilitating the articulation and confrontation of ideas. We identify several tactics that are useful for designing potent questions and present four "makeovers" to show how these tactics can be used to convert traditional physics questions into more powerful questions for a classroom response system.

  8. The use Performance Appraisal System in Enhancing Employees’ Performance in a Public Sector Agency in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oluwakemi Owoyemi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The performance appraisal of managers has long been a mainstay of HR practice and its spread exemplifies the increasing uptake of the systematic and consistent approach to personnel practice. Employees’ appraisals involve the determination of performance competence (strength and failure (weaknesses of the employees on their jobs. Appraisal results are used to determine promotion, compensation plan, training and counseling needs. This present study is based on the sample size of 220 employees of the public sector agency in Nigeria. The samples were drawn using simple random sampling technique and the data collected were analysed using correlation. The findings of the study revealed a significant relationship between appraisers and employees’ performance (r = 0.358; P < 0.05 and that in order for the organisation to achieve her organisational goals and objectives, a good reward system for high performance must be established. The study recommends that the management of government agency should establish sound performance appraisal mechanism that will measure the actual performance of employees, detecting any deficiency in employees’ performance.

  9. A STUDY OF THE COGNITIVE PROCESSING MODELS USED IN THE APPRAISAL SYSTEM: THE MALAYSIAN PUBLIC SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusli Ahmad

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to present the results of semi-structured interviews undertaken with expert raters (School Principals within the Malaysian Education System. These interviews have been conducted using a cognitive mapping protocol. The resultant causal cognitive maps are explored for what they have to tell us about the Cognitive Processing Models (CPM applied in appraisal decision-making. From the research findings, it is clear that raters recognized the CPM steps in their performance appraisal (PA practice. The study also identifies the differences between individual expert raters in terms of concepts and complexity in the decision making process. Finally, the study discusses the implications of the research for the CPM and appraisal decision-making process.

  10. European questions related to satelite power systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassing, D.

    A number of problems which have been identified in recent European studies related to satellite power systems are addressed. Based on energy demand and supply projections for Europe, developed by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, the potential of power satellites in a future energy mix is discussed. A few major constraints are presented which may restrict power transmission to European receiving sites, e.g., orbital limitations, siting problems of the ground station, and economic and institutional issues. Conceptual designs for the structure of ground receiving stations located offshore near the European coastlines are described.

  11. The value of subjectivity: problems and prospects for 360-degree appraisal systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heijden, van der Beatrice I.J.M.; Nijhof, André H.J.

    2004-01-01

    This article focuses on the problems and prospects of 360-degree feedback methods. The rationale behind these appraisal systems is that different evaluation perspectives add objectivity and incremental validity to the assessment of individual performance. This assumption is challenged in this articl

  12. The value of subjectivity: problems and prospects for 360-degree appraisal systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, Beatrice; Nijhof, A.H.J.

    2004-01-01

    This article focuses on the problems and prospects of 360-degree feedback methods. The rationale behind these appraisal systems is that different evaluation perspectives add objectivity and incremental validity to the assessment of individual performance. This assumption is challenged in this articl

  13. Dogs, Ponies, and the Improvement of Teaching: English Teachers' Perceptions of the Texas Teacher Appraisal System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clift, Renee T.; And Others

    This paper explores the impact of the Texas Teacher Appraisal System (TTAS) through an analysis of interviews with 24 high school English teachers. The first part of the paper discusses the development of the TTAS and the second section describes the study. The teachers were asked if and how the TTAS had affected their teaching performance, what…

  14. The value of subjectivity: problems and prospects for 360-degree appraisal systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, Beatrice; Nijhof, A.H.J.

    2004-01-01

    This article focuses on the problems and prospects of 360-degree feedback methods. The rationale behind these appraisal systems is that different evaluation perspectives add objectivity and incremental validity to the assessment of individual performance. This assumption is challenged in this

  15. Performance Appraisal System Impact on University Academic Staff Job Satisfaction and Productivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndambakuwa, Yustina; Mufunda, Jacob

    2006-01-01

    The University of Zimbabwe (UZ) introduced a performance appraisal system (PAS) designed to improve performance indicators across the board in Public Service including academic/faculty staff at the University of Zimbabwe as part of a nation wide strategy. The Public service is a body responsible for all civil workers including academic staff,…

  16. Ada for Embedded Systems: Issues and Questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    appropriate order based on the task dependency hierarchy, which the ART maintains and adds to when tasks are created [ Reino 86]. The master-slave, parent...termination are needed [ Reino 86]. Tasks provide a considerable overhead in the runtime system because the status must be maintained for context...Practitioners Approach. McGraw-Hill International, 1982. [ Reino 86] Kurki-Suonio, R. An Operational Model for Ada Tasking. Technical Report 1/1986, Tampere

  17. Designing Effective Questions for Classroom Response System Teaching

    CERN Document Server

    Beatty, I D; Gerace, W J

    2005-01-01

    Classroom response systems (CRSs) can be potent tools for teaching physics. Their efficacy, however, depends strongly on the quality of the questions used. Creating effective questions is difficult, and differs from creating exam and homework problems. Every CRS question should have an explicit pedagogic purpose consisting of a content goal, a process goal, and a metacognitive goal. Questions can be engineered to fulfil their purpose through four complementary mechanisms: directing students' attention, stimulating specific cognitive processes, communicating information to instructor and students via CRS-tabulated answer counts, and facilitating the articulation and confrontation of ideas. We identify several tactics that help in the design of potent questions, and present four "makeovers" showing how these tactics can be used to convert traditional physics questions into more powerful CRS questions.

  18. GAP-ANALYSIS METHODS USAGE FOR DISTRIBUTION LOGISTICS SYSTEM EFFICIENCY APPRAISAL

    OpenAIRE

    Markovskiy Vladimir Andreevich

    2012-01-01

    The article is dedicated to the appraisal of distribution logistics system efficiency problem, which is induced by lack of coordination of its elements. The aim of the article is to determine criteria for lack of logistics distribution systems efficiency. Novelty of the article is in applying GAP-analysis method to logistics distribution macrosystems, which allowed to propose a calculation method for informing about the presence of gaps in the logistics system. It is revea...

  19. An Empirical Study on the Efficiency of Performance Appraisal System in Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. K. Singh

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The study provides a crisp and comprehensive picture of the objectives with which the Indian organizations apply systems to appraise their employees,the basis the companies use to appraise their employees and the reasons for which the companies have attempted to adopt new systems of performance appraisal. Further the study works upon empirical data pertaining to the above system with special reference to Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC, India. Also, certain suggestive schemes which this state statutory body has come up to overcome the limitations of the existing system and survive in the dynamic environment, have been mentioned.

  20. 5 CFR 1330.405 - Procedures for certifying agency appraisal systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS WITH THE OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal... senior employees based on appraisals of their relative performance against performance expectations in any given appraisal period reflecting performance evaluation results that make meaningful...

  1. Arabic Question Answering System Based On Data Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waheeb Ahmed

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study we describe An Arabic Question AnsweringQA system based on data mining approach. The system employs text mining techniques to determine the likely answers to factoid questions. It depends mainly on the use of lexical information and does not apply any complex language processing tools such as named entity recognizers parsers and ontologies. The system achieved an accuracy of 61.5.

  2. Multi source feedback based performance appraisal system using Fuzzy logic decision support system

    CERN Document Server

    Meenakshi, G

    2012-01-01

    In Multi-Source Feedback or 360 Degree Feedback, data on the performance of an individual are collected systematically from a number of stakeholders and are used for improving performance. The 360-Degree Feedback approach provides a consistent management philosophy meeting the criterion outlined previously. The 360-degree feedback appraisal process describes a human resource methodology that is frequently used for both employee appraisal and employee development. Used in employee performance appraisals, the 360-degree feedback methodology is differentiated from traditional, top-down appraisal methods in which the supervisor responsible for the appraisal provides the majority of the data. Instead it seeks to use information gained from other sources to provide a fuller picture of employees' performances. Similarly, when this technique used in employee development it augments employees' perceptions of training needs with those of the people with whom they interact. The 360-degree feedback based appraisal is a c...

  3. Improving Performance Appraisals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahti, Robert E.

    1975-01-01

    A positive and creative results-oriented management appraisal system is needed. This article reviews the benefits and requirements of such a system, lists the common pitfalls of shoddy evaluation attempts, describes the four basic kinds of performance appraisal systems, and offers suggestions for creating a successful system. (DC)

  4. The role of the school management team in implementing the development appraisal system / Mampai Rosie Koloko

    OpenAIRE

    Koloko, Mampai Rosie

    2008-01-01

    The research deals with the Developmental Appraisal System (DAS) which was introduced in 1998 to address the professional development of teachers in the Republic of South Africa. This process was influenced inter-alia by the following challenges which seem to be faced by teachers, namely: development of teachers' professionalism, personal growth, and promotion of teachers. The purpose of this research was to determine the role of the school management team (SMT) to implement the required ...

  5. Techno-economic Appraisal of Concentrating Solar Power Systems (CSP)

    OpenAIRE

    Gasti, Maria

    2013-01-01

    The diffusion of Concentrating Solar Power Systems (CSP) systems is currently taking place at a much slower pace than photovoltaic (PV) power systems. This is mainly because of the higher present cost of the solar thermal power plants, but also for the time that is needed in order to build them. Though economic attractiveness of different Concentrating technologies varies, still PV power dominates the market. The price of CSP is expected to drop significantly in the near future and wide sprea...

  6. Ischemic heart disease in systemic inflammatory diseases. An appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gargiulo, Paola; Marsico, Fabio; Parente, Antonio; Paolillo, Stefania; Cecere, Milena; Casaretti, Laura; Pellegrino, Angela Maria; Formisano, Tiziana; Fabiani, Irma; Soricelli, Andrea; Trimarco, Bruno; Perrone-Filardi, Pasquale

    2014-01-01

    Systemic inflammatory diseases are inflammatory syndromes that are associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The link between inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases can be attributed to coexistence of classical risk factors and of inflammatory mechanisms activated in systemic inflammatory diseases and involving the immune system. Yet, clinical implications of these findings are not entirely clear and deeper knowledge and awareness of cardiac involvement in inflammatory diseases are necessary. The aims of this review are to summarize cardiac involvement in systemic inflammatory diseases and to identify areas where evidence is currently lacking that deserve further investigation in the future.

  7. How to Construct a Successful Performance Appraisal System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneier, Craig Eric; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Discusses the design of a performance management system that not only enables managers to solve performance problems, but also enables human resource development specialists and staff to provide a useful tool and a successful program. (CT)

  8. Disease scoring systems for oral lichen planus; a critical appraisal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, J.; van der Waal, I.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study has been to critically review 22 disease scoring systems (DSSs) on oral lichen planus (OLP) that have been reported in the literature during the past decades. Although the presently available DSSs may all have some merit, particularly for research purposes, the diversity

  9. Disease scoring systems for oral lichen planus; a critical appraisal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, J.; van der Waal, I.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study has been to critically review 22 disease scoring systems (DSSs) on oral lichen planus (OLP) that have been reported in the literature during the past decades. Although the presently available DSSs may all have some merit, particularly for research purposes, the diversity

  10. Development and Appraisal of Multiple Accounting Record System (Mars).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, H C; Chen, M C

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the system is to achieve simplification of workflow, reduction of recording time, and increase the income for the study hospital. The project team decided to develop a multiple accounting record system that generates the account records based on the nursing records automatically, reduces the time and effort for nurses to review the procedure and provide another note of material consumption. Three configuration files were identified to demonstrate the relationship of treatments and reimbursement items. The workflow was simplified. The nurses averagely reduced 10 minutes of daily recording time, and the reimbursement points have been increased by 7.49%. The project streamlined the workflow and provides the institute a better way in finical management.

  11. International ranking systems for universities and institutions: a critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatsioni Athina

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ranking of universities and institutions has attracted wide attention recently. Several systems have been proposed that attempt to rank academic institutions worldwide. Methods We review the two most publicly visible ranking systems, the Shanghai Jiao Tong University 'Academic Ranking of World Universities' and the Times Higher Education Supplement 'World University Rankings' and also briefly review other ranking systems that use different criteria. We assess the construct validity for educational and research excellence and the measurement validity of each of the proposed ranking criteria, and try to identify generic challenges in international ranking of universities and institutions. Results None of the reviewed criteria for international ranking seems to have very good construct validity for both educational and research excellence, and most don't have very good construct validity even for just one of these two aspects of excellence. Measurement error for many items is also considerable or is not possible to determine due to lack of publication of the relevant data and methodology details. The concordance between the 2006 rankings by Shanghai and Times is modest at best, with only 133 universities shared in their top 200 lists. The examination of the existing international ranking systems suggests that generic challenges include adjustment for institutional size, definition of institutions, implications of average measurements of excellence versus measurements of extremes, adjustments for scientific field, time frame of measurement and allocation of credit for excellence. Conclusion Naïve lists of international institutional rankings that do not address these fundamental challenges with transparent methods are misleading and should be abandoned. We make some suggestions on how focused and standardized evaluations of excellence could be improved and placed in proper context.

  12. A system dynamic model for analyzing online question & answer markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elnaz Amani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available During the past two decades, there have been growing interests on developing websites to build a link between various groups of people to share their knowledge such as Google service. This kind of activity helps fast and reliable distribution of knowledge since someone disseminates a question and various people attempt to provide some responses. This paper presents a system dynamic method for investigating the relationships between various components of a benchmark site. The proposed study develops closed loop dynamic among various components of the survey and provides some necessary actions for development of such systems. The results of our survey have indicated that the new forum could end up having significant number of unanswered questions. Therefore, researchers who work for this forum are suggested to increase their skills and their response rates to reduce the rate of unanswered questions.

  13. Actual Question of Telecommunication Systems and Networks Research Actual Question of Telecommunication Systems and Networks Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ju. Jurcenko

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available

     

    This contribution aims to inform readers about topics of scientific research performed at the Department of Radioand Communication Engineering (Kafedra radiotechniki i elektrosvjazi, the Institute of Control Systems, Telecommunications and Electrification, Moscow State University of Communication Means (MIIT. The paper contains brief descriptions of papers written by PhD students of the given Department that are available at.

     

    This contribution aims to inform readers about topics of scientific research performed at the Department of Radioand Communication Engineering (Kafedra radiotechniki i elektrosvjazi, the Institute of Control Systems, Telecommunications and Electrification, Moscow State University of Communication Means (MIIT. The paper contains brief descriptions of papers written by PhD students of the given Department that are available at.

  14. Performance Appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holloway, Mary Louise

    1988-01-01

    Reviews general facets of performance appraisal pointing out the similarities and differences in methods and instruments used to assess the performance of administrative, academic, and nonacademic personnel. Relates the concepts of merit pay and tenure to performance appraisal. (DMM)

  15. A survey on question answering systems with classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Mishra

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Question answering systems (QASs generate answers of questions asked in natural languages. Early QASs were developed for restricted domains and have limited capabilities. Current QASs focus on types of questions generally asked by users, characteristics of data sources consulted, and forms of correct answers generated. Research in the area of QASs began in 1960s and since then, a large number of QASs have been developed. To identify the future scope of research in this area, the need of a comprehensive survey on QASs arises naturally. This paper surveys QASs and classifies them based on different criteria. We identify the current status of the research in the each category of QASs, and suggest future scope of the research.

  16. Performance Appraisal Systems in Higher Education: An Exploration of Christian Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaniken, Forrest W.

    2009-01-01

    Although there is substantial literature on the use of performance appraisal in the for-profit world, there is little literature available concerning the appraisal of staff positions in higher education. More knowledge is needed in this area since there is considerable research indicating that performance appraisal creates benefits to an…

  17. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System State-Added Questions: Leveraging an Existing Surveillance System to Improve Knowledge of Women's Reproductive Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulet, Sheree L; Warner, Lee; Adamski, Alys; Smith, Ruben A; Burley, Kim; Grigorescu, Violanda

    2016-06-01

    As the prevalence of chronic conditions among women of reproductive age continues to rise, studies assessing the intersection of chronic disease and women's reproductive health status are increasingly needed. However, many data systems collect only limited information on women's reproductive health, thereby hampering the appraisal of risk and protective factors across the life span. One way to expand the study of women's health with minimal investment in time and resources is to integrate questions on reproductive health into existing surveillance systems. In 2013, previously validated questions on women's self-reported reproductive history, use of contraception, and infertility were added to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) by seven states (Connecticut, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Ohio, Texas, and Utah); all female respondents aged 18-50 years were included in the pool of respondents for these state-added questions. Of 8691 women who completed the questions, 13.2% reported ever experiencing infertility and 59.8% of those at risk for unintended pregnancy reported using contraception at last intercourse. The information garnered from the state-added reproductive health questions can be augmented with the BRFSS core questions on health-related risk behaviors, chronic conditions, and use of preventive services. Expanding existing data collection systems with supplemental questions on women's reproductive health can provide important information on risk factors and outcomes that may not be available from other sources.

  18. War outside, ceasefire inside: An analysis of the performance appraisal system of a public hospital in a zone of conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giangreco, Antonio; Carugati, Andrea; Sebastiano, Antonio; Tamimi, Hadeel Al

    2012-02-01

    Our study examines the use of the performance appraisal system at Hebron Public Hospital (Palestine) during the second intifada, started in 2000. The aim of the article is to shed light on the reasons behind the use of performance appraisal systems in organizations operating in zones of conflicts, an area relatively neglected by HR scholars. To create the theoretical fundament we draw on mainstream literature on performance appraisal, contextualizing it to the Middle-Eastern context. From the literature analysis, we identify five guiding logics for the implementation and use of performance appraisal systems (Appendix A). We use a multi-method approach, qualitative and quantitative, to analyze the longitudinal performance evaluation data over the period 2000-2002 for about 250 individuals. These data are complemented with interviews and observations in the field. Our analysis shows that the trends evidenced in the quantitative analysis are similar to trends evident in Western contexts. However, these trends were not the consequence of the same five Western logics found in the literature. The qualitative study allows us to identify two additional logics for making sense of the performance appraisal system at Hebron Public Hospital: the need to find peace within the organization (organizational peacefulness logic); and the need to maintain order through the acceptance of the status quo (dominance logic). These results allow us to draw conclusions for theory and practice of HR management and to identify useful criteria for doing research in areas of conflicts.

  19. Semantic Computation in a Chinese Question-Answering System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李素建; 张健; 黄雄; 白硕; 刘群

    2002-01-01

    This paper introduces a kind of semantic computation and presents how tocombine it into our Chinese Question-Answering (QA) system. Based on two kinds of languageresources, Hownet and Cilin, we present an approach to computing the similarity and relevancybetween words. Using these results, we can calculate the relevancy between two sentences andthen get the optimal answer for the query in the system. The calculation adopts quantitativemethods and can be incorporated into QA systems easily, avoiding some difficulties in conven-tional NLP (Natural Language Processing) problems. The experiments show that the resultsare satisfactory.

  20. Question Answering System for an Effective Collaborative Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Kohei Arai

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The increasing advances of Internet Technologies in all application domains have changed life styles and interactions. With the rapid development of E-Learning, collaborative learning is an important for teaching, learning methods and strategies. Interaction between the students also student with the teacher is important for student to gain knowledge. Based on the four basic teaching styles formal authority, demonstrator or personal model, facilitator and delegator, today combined between facilitator and delegator style is responsible for student learning. It is student centered and the teacher as facilitates the material and activities, but learning becomes part of valuable and effective when they collaborate with each other, and as the teacher who will delegates and facilitates the responsibility of learning to the students. In this paper, we introduce an effective question answering Q&A system for collaborative learning, which can act not just like a virtual teacher, but also virtual discussion for student. With the proposed system, brings a new Q&A system, student can attach their question when they want collaborate using collaborative learning capitalize on one another’s resources and skills. Students can ask their questions to the group when they want to collaborate with others, asking one another for information, evaluating one another’s ideas, then each of the answer will compare with encyclopedia data base. In this research, the Q&A system for the Senior High School in Indonesia, in this subject of Information Communication Technology implemented. From the the 40 question and 120 answer, the result is 90,48% precision 50% recall.

  1. Bilingualism, emotions and morality: a study based on the appraisal system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Augusto Pereira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a research about the influence of bilingualism on the morality of Brazilian speakers of English as a foreign language, taking the emotional content of their text as basis for the analysis. We investigate if there is variation in the emotional content between texts written in native language and foreign language, and if this variation has a correlation with moral positioning, being the concepts for these positionings take from Psychology, not from the category ‘judgement’ from the appraisal system. The experiment we executed in this investigation consisted in the production of written texts that justified a moral positioning about a situation described on the research questionnaire. To each participant, two situations were presented, one in English and another in Portuguese, asking for both a positioning and its justification, to be written in the same language as the presented situation. The texts were analyzed in accordance to the Appraisal System, as elaborated by Martin and White (2005, through which the parameters of what is considered an emotional content in the texts was defined. The nature of the positioning that were taken was defined through the concept of Utilitarism, as presented in Costa et al. (2014. The results have shown that there is emotional variance in emotional content between languages, but that it isn’t necessarily linked to moral positionings.

  2. 二手车鉴定评估师操作技能评价系统的设计%The Design of Evaluation System for the Operation Skills of Used Car Appraisal Appraiser

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨萌

    2014-01-01

    本文分析了我国二手车市场的运作状况,并提出了二手车专业鉴定评估师操作技能评价指标体系的设计构想。%This paper analyzes the operation status of the used car market in China and puts forward the design idea of evaluation index system for the operation skills of used-car professional appraisal appraiser.

  3. RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (Part II). Integrated analysis of parasitic weed problems in rice in Tanzania

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schut, M.; Rodenburg, J.; Klerkx, L.W.A.; Kayeke, J.; Ast, van A.; Bastiaans, L.

    2015-01-01

    Parasitic weeds such as Striga spp and Rhamphicarpa fistulosa in smallholder rice production systems form an increasing problem for food and income security in sub-Saharan Africa. In this paper we implement the Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (RAAIS) as a diagnostic tool to identi

  4. Training Supervisors in Employee Performance Appraisals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, Ronald R.

    1988-01-01

    The author presents a training program for supervisors designed to improve an organization's performance appraisal system. Legal issues surrounding performance appraisal are discussed. Course topics include (1) definition and purpose of performance appraisal, (2) how appraisals can improve performance, (3) negative reactions and how to overcome…

  5. 4 CFR 4.2 - Performance appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Performance appraisal. 4.2 Section 4.2 Accounts... appraisal. (a) The GAO shall develop one or more performance appraisal systems which provide for periodic appraisals of job performance of employees; encourages employee participation in establishing...

  6. Research on the Appraisal System of County Innovation in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Li

    2009-01-01

    Aiming at the target of enhancing agricultural competitive power and maintaining the sustainable countryside development, "the three dimensional innovation", namely the system innovation, the organization innovation, and the service innovation, is the basic way to raise the efficiency of productive factors, optimize the organizational structure and enhance the farmers' own organizational ability, thus it becomes an important proposition in the fundamental research and practice of China new countryside construction. Through the reorganization and analyses of the domestic academic achievements, this article chose "the county innovation in China new countryside construction" as the first level index, and "the three dimensional innovation" as the second level index. Totally four levels of indices, namely the strategy level, the mechanism level, the carrier level and the comment level, were introduced to construct the county innovation appraisal system. The further adjustment and supplement of the indices and the choices of computational method must be completed through spot investigation and case study.

  7. The question answer system based on natural language understanding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Qing-lin; FAN Xiao-zhong

    2007-01-01

    Automatic Question Answer System(QAS) is a kind of high-powered software system based on Internet. Its key technology is the interrelated technology based on natural language understanding, including the construction of knowledge base and corpus, the Word Segmentation and POS Tagging of text, the Grammatical Analysis and Semantic Analysis of sentences etc. This thesis dissertated mainly the denotation of knowledge-information based on semantic network in QAS, the stochastic syntax-parse model named LSF of knowledge-information in QAS, the structure and constitution of QAS. And the LSF model's parameters were exercised, which proved that they were feasible. At the same time, through "the limited-domain QAS" which was exploited for banks by us, these technologies were proved effective and propagable.

  8. Summary of the Development and Four-Year Operation of an Administrative Salary System Which Includes Performance Appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubuque Community School District, IA.

    The Dubuque, Iowa Community School District uses a point system to pay administrators. The evaluation of contract length, professional training, administrative experience, administrative responsibilities, and performance generate point totals that correspond to dollar values. The appraisal procedure uses management-by-objective concepts and…

  9. Appraisal Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schleimann, Finn; Enemark, Ulrika; Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    Appraisal of continued support to Ghana's health sector for a third phase covering 2003 - 2007. Funding recommended with DKK 340 million over five years.......Appraisal of continued support to Ghana's health sector for a third phase covering 2003 - 2007. Funding recommended with DKK 340 million over five years....

  10. Complex systems dynamics in aging: new evidence, continuing questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Alan A

    2016-02-01

    There have long been suggestions that aging is tightly linked to the complex dynamics of the physiological systems that maintain homeostasis, and in particular to dysregulation of regulatory networks of molecules. This review synthesizes recent work that is starting to provide evidence for the importance of such complex systems dynamics in aging. There is now clear evidence that physiological dysregulation--the gradual breakdown in the capacity of complex regulatory networks to maintain homeostasis--is an emergent property of these regulatory networks, and that it plays an important role in aging. It can be measured simply using small numbers of biomarkers. Additionally, there are indications of the importance during aging of emergent physiological processes, functional processes that cannot be easily understood through clear metabolic pathways, but can nonetheless be precisely quantified and studied. The overall role of such complex systems dynamics in aging remains an important open question, and to understand it future studies will need to distinguish and integrate related aspects of aging research, including multi-factorial theories of aging, systems biology, bioinformatics, network approaches, robustness, and loss of complexity.

  11. Systems for grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations I: Critical appraisal of existing approaches The GRADE Working Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schünemann Holger

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A number of approaches have been used to grade levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The use of many different approaches detracts from one of the main reasons for having explicit approaches: to concisely characterise and communicate this information so that it can easily be understood and thereby help people make well-informed decisions. Our objective was to critically appraise six prominent systems for grading levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations as a basis for agreeing on characteristics of a common, sensible approach to grading levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations. Methods Six prominent systems for grading levels of evidence and strength of recommendations were selected and someone familiar with each system prepared a description of each of these. Twelve assessors independently evaluated each system based on twelve criteria to assess the sensibility of the different approaches. Systems used by 51 organisations were compared with these six approaches. Results There was poor agreement about the sensibility of the six systems. Only one of the systems was suitable for all four types of questions we considered (effectiveness, harm, diagnosis and prognosis. None of the systems was considered usable for all of the target groups we considered (professionals, patients and policy makers. The raters found low reproducibility of judgements made using all six systems. Systems used by 51 organisations that sponsor clinical practice guidelines included a number of minor variations of the six systems that we critically appraised. Conclusions All of the currently used approaches to grading levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations have important shortcomings.

  12. Performance appraisal: dimensions and determinants

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The determinants of the dimensions that shape a formal system of performance appraisal are studied in relation to a sample of Spanish manufacturing establishments. In particular, the factors that influence the measures used to evaluate performance, the person who carries out such appraisal and its frequency are analysed. Our results show that the characteristics of the establishment exert a significant influence on the configuration of performance appraisal. Specifically, we find that the use...

  13. Earth Systems Questions in Experimental Climate Change Science: Pressing Questions and Necessary Facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osmond, B.

    2002-05-20

    Sixty-four scientists from universities, national laboratories, and other research institutions worldwide met to evaluate the feasibility and potential of the Biosphere2 Laboratory (B2L) as an inclusive multi-user scientific facility (i.e., a facility open to researchers from all institutions, according to agreed principles of access) for earth system studies and engineering research, education, and training relevant to the mission of the United States Department of Energy (DOE).

  14. Emplee Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the Performance Management System and Performance Appraisal Fairness at the National Security Agency / Christinah Mpho Makhubela

    OpenAIRE

    Makhubela, Christinah Mpho

    2014-01-01

    This study deals with the employee perception on the effectiveness of the performance management and performance appraisal system fairness at the National Security Agency, Department of Training. Organisational factors such as (appraisal knowledge), were used as a guide for assessing effectiveness of the system and its fairness. The quantitative approach/method was used to gain and understand employee perceptions on the system based on their personal experiences of the organisatio...

  15. Preliminary Analysis of the Museum Performance Appraisal System%博物馆绩效考核体系初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宁

    2012-01-01

    本文着眼于探索如何建立属于博物馆的科学合理的绩效考核体系,分别从博物馆绩效考核的国际化趋势、我国博物馆引入绩效考核的紧迫性、博物馆绩效考核体系分析等三个方面进行了阐述,表明博物馆绩效考核是一种国际化行为。在我国博物馆免费开放之后,建立科学合理的绩效考核体系,有助于促进博物馆内部管理、绩效水平、服务质量及公众-社会满意度的整体提升,使其成为深化博物馆管理体制改革的一种有效尝试。%This paper focuses on how to establish a scientific and reasonable museum performance evaluation system.This issue is discussed in three aspects,such as the international trend of the museum performance appraisal,the urgency of introducing the performance appraisal system into the museum management and the analysis of the performance appraisal system.Obviously,the museum performance assessment is a kind of international behavior.The establishment of the scientific and reasonable performance appraisal system is helpful to comprehensively promote the interior management of the museum,the measurement of its performance,as well as its quality of service and social satisfaction.It is an effective and valuable attempt to deepen the reform of the museum management system.

  16. Participatory Rural Appraisal for Diagnostic Analysis of spate irrigation systems in Raya Valley, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Castelli

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Spate irrigation is a complex and unique form of water management, which represent the main source of irrigation water in semi-arid river catchments. Water is diverted from seasonal rivers by using diversion structures made by stones, earth and brushwood, located within the river bed. The modernisation of spate irrigation realised in Raya Valley (northern Ethiopia resulted in disappointing performances. One of the main reasons for this failure was the poor consideration of the characteristics of seasonal catchments and local communities’ needs and preferences. Local farmers, who showed a deep knowledge of the river system, were involved only at the level of consultation. The aim of this research was to develop a participatory Diagnostic Analysis (DA for a traditional non-modernised spate irrigation system in Raya Valley, in order to involve local farmers within the development process, and to build a solid knowledge basis for effective improvements. A Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA of the Harosha spate irrigation system was undertaken. PRA techniques focusing on spatial, temporal, socio-economical and spatiotemporal aspects of the system were performed with local farmers in order to identify and rank main problems and constraints to development. Farmers recognised the need of more resistant diversion structures and gabion walls for the stabilisation of the river bank. The involvement of farmers also helped to highlight that not only irrigation-related problems, but also flood-related problems threaten agricultural production and rural livelihoods. Rather than an irrigation system approach, an approach integrating irrigation development and flood risk mitigation is suggested for framing future development strategies.

  17. Funding New Zealand's public healthcare system: time for an honest appraisal and public debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keene, Lyndon; Bagshaw, Philip; Nicholls, M Gary; Rosenberg, Bill; Frampton, Christopher M; Powell, Ian

    2016-05-27

    Successive New Zealand governments have claimed that the cost of funding the country's public healthcare services is excessive and unsustainable. We contest that these claims are based on a misrepresentation of healthcare spending. Using data from the New Zealand Treasury and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), we show how government spending as a whole is low compared with most other OECD countries and is falling as a proportion of GDP. New Zealand has a modest level of health spending overall, but government health spending is also falling as a proportion of GDP. Together, the data indicate the New Zealand Government can afford to spend more on healthcare. We identify compelling reasons why it should do so, including forecast growing health need, signs of increasing unmet need, and the fact that if health needs are not met the costs still have to be borne by the economy. The evidence further suggests it is economically and socially beneficial to meet health needs through a public health system. An honest appraisal and public debate is needed to determine more appropriate levels of healthcare spending.

  18. CORRELATES OF EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION WITH PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN FOREIGN MNC BPOs OPERATING IN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HERALD MONIS

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on an empirical study of five foreign MNC BPO firms operating in India, ranked among the top 100 by the International Association of Outsourcing Professionals (IAOP for the year 2009. The data was collected using quantitative methods from 163 employees constituting 1% of the population under study. The level of satisfaction among the respondents towards the performance appraisal system is at 69.94 per cent. Regression analysis, using a significance level of 5 per cent, shows that three of the variables used in the study are significantly influencing the satisfaction and all these three significant variables are positively associated with satisfaction and all other variables have emerged as the insignificant variables. All the variables used in our study collectively account for 42.6 per cent of the satisfaction. The factor analysis has identified four factors: the variables of factor one contribute 34.786 per cent variation, followed by 12.788 per cent, 11.961 per cent and 8.389 per cent variation being contributed by factor two, three and four respectively.

  19. The Analysis of ATTITUDE on Speech in The Joy Luck Club--From the Perspective of APPRAISAL Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ling

    2015-01-01

    This thesis takes advantage of the sub-category- ATTITUDE in APPRAISAL Systems to track the high- light of The Joy Luck Club written by American-Chinese novelist Amy Tan,focusing on one theme: June' s recollection on the colfflict she and her mother used to have. It mainly analyzes the interpersonal meaning of the selected speech, and different modes of speech concerning the expression of attitude.

  20. Financial capital appraisal in the system of industrial enterprise development management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhtyamov M.K.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper studies an objective appraisal of financial capital value in industrial enterprise development management. The authors draw attention to a limited scope of work in the area of financial management under application of a traditional approach to appraisal of enterprise financial capital value and describe a new advanced approach to this problem solving. The paper focuses on reformation of balance sheet statement, in which economic benefit and reserves of financial capital are included by the authors; the author’s methodology for appraisal of financial capital value and its application sphere are denoted. In accordance with a case study, we confirm possibility of more accurate appraisal of enterprise investment opportunities by taking into account economic benefit from reserve of liquidity and borrowing capacity, which increases financial capital value. The practical approval results affirm that application of proprietary methodology for appraisal of financial capital and its elements has practical utility in solving problems of determination of required amount of attracted foreign investments and problems of determination of fair value of company take of an external investor, which are aimed at minimizing risks of corporate ownership dissemination and improving managerial efficiency of an industrial enterprise.

  1. Identification of Conflicting Questions in the PARES System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avgoustos Tsinakos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Student testing and knowledge assessment is a significant aspect of the learning process. In a number of cases, it is expedient not to present the exact same test to all learners all the time (Pritchett, 1999. This may be desired so that cheating in the exam is made harder to carry out or so that the learners can take several practice tests on the same subject as part of the course.This study presents an e-testing platform, namely PARES, which aims to provide assessment services to academic staff by facilitating the creation and management of question banks and powering the delivery of nondeterministically generated test suites. PARES uses a conflict detection algorithm based on the vector space model to compute the similarity between questions and exclude questions which are deemed to have an unacceptably large similarity from appearing in the same test suite. The conflict detection algorithm and a statistical evaluation of its accuracy are presented. Evaluation results show that PARES succeeds in detecting question types at about 90% and its efficiency can be further increased through continuing education and enrichment of the system’s correlation vocabulary.

  2. Remote sensing and geographic information system for appraisal of salt-affected soils in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Gurbachan; Bundela, D S; Sethi, Madhurama; Lal, Khajanchi; Kamra, S K

    2010-01-01

    Quantification of the nature, extent, and spatial distribution of salt-affected soils (SAS) for India and the world is essential for planning and implementing reclamation programs in a timely and cost-effective manner for sustained crop production. The national extent of SAS for India over the last four decades was assessed by conventional and remote sensing approaches using diverse methodologies and class definitions and ranged from 6.0 to 26.1 million hectares (Mha) and 1.2 to 10.1 Mha, respectively. In 1966, an area of 6 Mha under SAS was first reported using the former approach. Three national estimates, obtained using remote sensing, were reconciled using a geographic information system, resulting in an acceptable extent of 6.73 Mha. Moderately and severely salt-encrusted lands having large contiguous area have been correctly mapped, but slightly salt-encrusted land having smaller affected areas within croplands has not been accurately mapped. Recent satellite sensors (e.g., Resourcesat-1, Cartosat-2, IKONOS-II, and RISAT-2), along with improved image processing techniques integrated with terrain and other spatial data using a geographic information system, are enabling mapping at large scale. Significant variations in salt encrustation at the surface caused by soil moisture, waterlogging conditions, salt-tolerant crops, and dynamics of subsurface salts present constraints in appraisal, delineation, and mapping efforts. The article provides an overview of development, identification, characterization, and delineation of SAS, past and current national scenarios of SAS using conventional and remote sensing approaches, reconciliation of national estimates, issues of SAS mapping, and future scope.

  3. [Establishment and application effect appraisement of community chronic obstructive pulmonary disease integrated management system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, D X; Chen, S Y; Zhou, Y M; Li, X C; Zou, W F; Chen, X M; Ran, P X

    2017-02-12

    Objective: To establish the COPD community integrated management system suitable for our national situation and assess its effects in the prevention and treatment for COPD. Methods: The COPD community integrated management system based on the electronic management system was established, including the functional modules of preliminary screening for COPD, electronic health record, grading management and dual referral system, ect. Two townships were randomly selected from the rural areas in north Guangdong as Observational Community and Control Community, respectively. Resident families were randomly selected from the two communities. One resident aged 40 or higher who was selected randomly from each family was enrolled in the trial and followed up for 2 years.Of a total of 460 participants from the Observational Community, 340 participants accomplished the two-years the follow-up, among whom there were 45 COPD patients, 117 high risk population, 178 common population. Of a total of 380 participants from the Control Community, 212 participants accomplished the follow-up, among whom there were 39 COPD patients, 68 high risk population, 105 common population.According to the COPD community integrated management system, the health cares including preliminary screening for COPD, grading management and dual referral, ect. were implemented in the Observational Community. Essential diagnosis and treatment services were performed in the Control Community. The effects of the system were appraised by comparisons of the pulmonary function change, acute exacerbation, quality of life and change of risk factors, ect. between the two communities. Results: After the intervention, the follow-up rate, smoking-quitting rate, the proportions of decline in current smoking, passive smoking and switching to clean energy for cooking in the Observational Community were significantly greater than those in the Control Community(73.9% vs. 55.8%, 70.8% vs. 9.1%, 24.2% vs. 7.1%, 32.6% vs. 3

  4. Teacher Appraisal: Back to the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortimore, Peter; Mortimore, Jo

    1991-01-01

    Reviews the government's progress in introducing a formal, systematic, and compulsory system of teacher appraisal across England and Wales, using comparisons with civil service, business, and commerce appraisal techniques. Describes national government-initiated pilot appraisal schemes, concluding with a discussion of implications for developing a…

  5. 48 CFR 1437.7002 - Appraisal standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appraisal standards. 1437... standards. (a) All real property appraisals for condemnation purposes shall be consistent with requirements of the Interagency Land Acquisition Conference publication “Uniform Appraisal Standards for...

  6. Multi-criteria appraisal of multi-modal urban public transport systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keyvan Ekbatani, M.; Cats, O.

    2015-01-01

    This study proposes a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) modelling framework for the appraisal of multi-modal urban public transportation services. MCDM is commonly used to obtain choice alternatives that satisfy a range of performance indicators. The framework embraces both compensatory and

  7. Multi-criteria appraisal of multi-modal urban public transport systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keyvan Ekbatani, M.; Cats, O.

    2015-01-01

    This study proposes a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) modelling framework for the appraisal of multi-modal urban public transportation services. MCDM is commonly used to obtain choice alternatives that satisfy a range of performance indicators. The framework embraces both compensatory and non-

  8. Understanding the modifiable health systems barriers to hypertension management in Malaysia: a multi-method health systems appraisal approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risso-Gill, Isabelle; Balabanova, Dina; Majid, Fadhlina; Ng, Kien Keat; Yusoff, Khalid; Mustapha, Feisul; Kuhlbrandt, Charlotte; Nieuwlaat, Robby; Schwalm, J-D; McCready, Tara; Teo, Koon K; Yusuf, Salim; McKee, Martin

    2015-07-03

    The growing burden of non-communicable diseases in middle-income countries demands models of care that are appropriate to local contexts and acceptable to patients in order to be effective. We describe a multi-method health system appraisal to inform the design of an intervention that will be used in a cluster randomized controlled trial to improve hypertension control in Malaysia. A health systems appraisal was undertaken in the capital, Kuala Lumpur, and poorer-resourced rural sites in Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah. Building on two systematic reviews of barriers to hypertension control, a conceptual framework was developed that guided analysis of survey data, documentary review and semi-structured interviews with key informants, health professionals and patients. The analysis followed the patients as they move through the health system, exploring the main modifiable system-level barriers to effective hypertension management, and seeking to explain obstacles to improved access and health outcomes. The study highlighted the need for the proposed intervention to take account of how Malaysian patients seek treatment in both the public and private sectors, and from western and various traditional practitioners, with many patients choosing to seek care across different services. Patients typically choose private care if they can afford to, while others attend heavily subsidised public clinics. Public hypertension clinics are often overwhelmed by numbers of patients attending, so health workers have little time to engage effectively with patients. Treatment adherence is poor, with a widespread belief, stemming from concepts of traditional medicine, that hypertension is a transient disturbance rather than a permanent asymptomatic condition. Drug supplies can be erratic in rural areas. Hypertension awareness and education material are limited, and what exist are poorly developed and ineffective. Despite having a relatively well funded health system offering good access to

  9. British Current Appraisal System of Public Servant Performance%英国政府现行公务员绩效评估制度概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟宝贵

    2001-01-01

    从5个方面概述了英国政府现行公务员绩效评估制度,即领导公务员绩效评估的机构;公务员绩效评估的内容;组织公务员绩效评估的程序;实施绩效评估的标准;公务员的绩效评估与晋职加薪挂钩,可供我国在完善公务员制度以及促进公务员队伍的考评工作时借鉴参考。%This article outlined British contemporary civil-servant performance appraisal system in five aspects: the organization in charge of civil-servant performance appraisal, the content of civil-servant performance, the procedure of a civil-servant performance appraisal, the standards of a civil-servant performance appraisal and the relation between civil-servant performance appraisal and civil-servants promoting as well as salary increasing. This article may provide reference for improvement of Chinas civil-servant system and promotion of civil-servant appraisal in China.

  10. Appraising Party Cadres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    An efficient cadre appraisal system guarantees cadres of the Communist Party of China will serve the people wholeheartedly According to the Progress in A China’s Human Rights in 2009 white paper,there were more than 2.9 million ethnic-minority cadres in China,accounting for 7.4 percent

  11. Children's Appraisal of Moderately Stressful Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, Brianne; Power, Thomas; Hill, Laura

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated 2 questions: (1) do children show consistent styles of appraisal across a range of moderately stressful events?, and (2) what are the adjustment and parenting correlates of individual differences in children's appraisal style? Ninety-nine 3rd though 5th grade children and their mothers participated. For each of 6 vignettes…

  12. Children's Appraisal of Moderately Stressful Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, Brianne; Power, Thomas; Hill, Laura

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated 2 questions: (1) do children show consistent styles of appraisal across a range of moderately stressful events?, and (2) what are the adjustment and parenting correlates of individual differences in children's appraisal style? Ninety-nine 3rd though 5th grade children and their mothers participated. For each of 6 vignettes…

  13. Ten questions about radiant heating and cooling systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rhee, Kyu-Nam; Olesen, Bjarne W.; Kim, Kwang Woo

    2017-01-01

    Radiant heating and cooling (RHC) systems are being increasingly applied not only in residential but also in non-residential buildings such as commercial buildings, education facilities, and even large scale buildings such as airport terminals. Furthermore, with the combined ventilation system used...... studies on RHC systems in terms of comfort, heat transfer analysis, energy simulation, control strategy, system configurations and so on. Many studies have demonstrated that the RHC system is a good solution to improve indoor environmental quality while reducing building energy consumption for heating...

  14. Measurement requirements and methods for geothermal reservoir system parameters: an appraisal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamers, M.D.

    1979-08-01

    One of the key needs in the advancement of geothermal energy is the availability of adequate measurements to aid the reservoir and production engineer in the development and operation of geothermal reservoirs, wells and the overall process plant. This report documents the geothermal parameters and their measurement requirements and provides an appraisal of measurement methods and instruments capable of meeting the requirements together with recommendations on identified deficiencies.

  15. TrustQ: a category reputation based question and answer system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yuhua; Shen, Haiying

    2014-06-01

    Question and Answering (Q/A) systems aggregate the collected intelligence of all users to provide satisfying answers for questions. A well-developed Q/A system should provide high question response rate, low response delay and good answer quality. Previous works use reputation systems to achieve the goals. However, these reputation systems evaluate a user with an overall rating for all questions the user has answered regardless of the question categories, thus the reputation score cannot accurately reflect the user's ability to answer a question in a specific category. In this paper, we propose TtustQ, a category reputation based Q/A System. TtustQ evaluates users' willingness and capability to answer questions in different categories. Considering a user has different willingness to answer questions from different users, TtustQ lets each node evaluate the reputation of other nodes answering its own questions. User a calculates user b's final reputation by considering both user a's direct rating and the indirect ratings on user b from other nodes. The reputation values facilitate forwarding a question to potential answerers, which improves the question response rate, response delay and answer quality. Our trace-driven simulation on PeerSim demonstrates the effectiveness of TtustQ in providing good user experience in terms of response rate and latency, and the answer quality.

  16. Scaling up antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: using supply chain management to appraise health systems strengthening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windisch, Ricarda; Waiswa, Peter; Neuhann, Florian; Scheibe, Florian; de Savigny, Don

    2011-08-01

    Strengthened national health systems are necessary for effective and sustained expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART and its supply chain management in Uganda are largely based on parallel and externally supported efforts. The question arises whether systems are being strengthened to sustain access to ART. This study applies systems thinking to assess supply chain management, the role of external support and whether investments create the needed synergies to strengthen health systems. This study uses the WHO health systems framework and examines the issues of governance, financing, information, human resources and service delivery in relation to supply chain management of medicines and the technologies. It looks at links and causal chains between supply chain management for ART and the national supply system for essential drugs. It combines data from the literature and key informant interviews with observations at health service delivery level in a study district. Current drug supply chain management in Uganda is characterized by parallel processes and information systems that result in poor quality and inefficiencies. Less than expected health system performance, stock outs and other shortages affect ART and primary care in general. Poor performance of supply chain management is amplified by weak conditions at all levels of the health system, including the areas of financing, governance, human resources and information. Governance issues include the lack to follow up initial policy intentions and a focus on narrow, short-term approaches. The opportunity and need to use ART investments for an essential supply chain management and strengthened health system has not been exploited. By applying a systems perspective this work indicates the seriousness of missing system prerequisites. The findings suggest that root causes and capacities across the system have to be addressed synergistically to enable systems that can match and accommodate investments in

  17. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Historical Questions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1984-2014. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). BRFSS Survey Data. The BRFSS is a continuous, state-based surveillance system that collects information...

  18. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Historical Questions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1984-2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). BRFSS Survey Data. The BRFSS is a continuous, state-based surveillance system that collects information...

  19. The question of the system of protection of human rights

    OpenAIRE

    Revina S.; Pochuykina V.

    2016-01-01

    The Russian state is subject to the human rights activities through the system of state bodies, including the judiciary, as reflected in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The authors consider the human rights function of the state, judicial protection as one of the ways of state protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, study the elements of General system of protection of human rights in the Russian Federation and its Central element — the right to judicial protecti...

  20. A Question Answer System for Math Word Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Liguda, Christian; Pfeiffer, Thies; Messerschmidt, Hartmut

    2011-01-01

    Solving word problems is an important part in school education in primary as well as in high school. Although, the equations that are given by a word problem could be solved by most computer algebra programs without problems, there are just few systems that are able to solve word problems. In this paper we present the ongoing work on a system, that is able to solve word problems from german primary school math books.

  1. Central Nervous System Vasculitis: Still More Questions than Answers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alba, Marco A; Espígol-Frigolé, Georgina; Prieto-González, Sergio; Tavera-Bahillo, Itziar; García-Martínez, Ana; Butjosa, Montserrat; Hernández-Rodríguez, José; Cid, Maria C

    2011-01-01

    The central nervous system (CNS) may be involved by a variety of inflammatory diseases of blood vessels. These include primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS), a rare disorder specifically targeting the CNS vasculature, and the systemic vasculitides which may affect the CNS among other organs and systems. Both situations are severe and convey a guarded prognosis. PACNS usually presents with headache and cognitive impairment. Focal symptoms are infrequent at disease onset but are common in more advanced stages. The diagnosis of PACNS is difficult because, although magnetic resonance imaging is almost invariably abnormal, findings are non specific. Angiography has limited sensitivity and specificity. Brain and leptomeningeal biopsy may provide a definitive diagnosis when disclosing blood vessel inflammation and are also useful to exclude other conditions presenting with similar findings. However, since lesions are segmental, a normal biopsy does not completely exclude PACNS. Secondary CNS involvement by systemic vasculitis occurs in less than one fifth of patients but may be devastating. A prompt recognition and aggressive treatment is crucial to avoid permanent damage and dysfunction. Glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide are recommended for patients with PACNS and for patients with secondary CNS involvement by small-medium-sized systemic vasculitis. CNS involvement in large-vessel vasculitis is usually managed with high-dose glucocorticoids (giant-cell arteritis) or glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive agents (Takayasu’s disease). However, in large vessel vasculitis, where CNS symptoms are usually due to involvement of extracranial arteries (Takayasu’s disease) or proximal portions of intracranial arteries (giant-cell arteritis), revascularization procedures may also have an important role. PMID:22379458

  2. Varied Search Protocols Lead to Clinically Relevant Results. A review of: Patel, Manesh R., Connie M. Schardt, Linda L. Sanders, and Sheri A. Keitz. “Randomized Trial for Answers to Clinical Questions: Evaluating a Pre‐Appraised Versus a MEDLINE Search Protocol.” Journal of the Medical Library Association 94.4 (2006: 382‐6.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcy L. Brown

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the success rate of electronic resources for answering clinical questions by comparing speed, validity, and applicability of two different protocols for searching the medical literature.Design – Randomized trial with results judged by blinded panel.Setting – Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, United States ofAmerica.Subjects – Thirty‐two 2nd and 3rd year internal medicine residents on an eight week general medicine rotation at the Duke University Medical Center.Methods – Two search protocols were developed:Protocol A: Participants searched MEDLINE first, and then searched pre‐appraised resources if needed.Protocol B: Participants searched pre‐appraised resources first, which included UpToDate, ACP JournalClub, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and DARE. The residents then searched MEDLINE if an answer could not be found in the 66 initial group of pre‐appraised resources. Residents were randomised by computer-assisted block order into four blocks of eight residents each. Two blocks were assigned to Protocol A, and two to Protocol B. Each day, residents developed at least one clinical question related to caring for patients. The questions were transcribed onto pocket-sized cards, with the answer sought later using the assigned protocol. If answers weren’t found using either protocol, searches were permitted in other available resources. When an article that answered a question was found, the resident recorded basic information about the question and the answer as well as the time required to find the answer (less than five minutes; between five and ten minutes; or more than ten minutes. Residents were to select answers that were “methodologically sound and clinically important” (384. Ten faculty members formally trained in evidence‐based medicine (EBM reviewed a subset of therapy‐related questions and answers. The reviewers, who were blinded to the search protocols

  3. Proposal for a Similar Question Search System on a Q&A Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsutoshi Kanamori

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available There is a service to help Internet users obtain answers to specific questions when they visit a Q&A site. A Q&A site is very useful for the Internet user, but posted questions are often not answered immediately. This delay in answering occurs because in most cases another site user is answering the question manually. In this study, we propose a system that can present a question that is similar to a question posted by a user. An advantage of this system is that a user can refer to an answer to a similar question. This research measures the similarity of a candidate question based on word and dependency parsing. In an experiment, we examined the effectiveness of the proposed system for questions actually posted on the Q&A site. The result indicates that the system can show the questioner the answer to a similar question. However, the system still has a number of aspects that should be improved.

  4. Scaling up antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: using supply chain management to appraise health systems strengthening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neuhann Florian

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Strengthened national health systems are necessary for effective and sustained expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART. ART and its supply chain management in Uganda are largely based on parallel and externally supported efforts. The question arises whether systems are being strengthened to sustain access to ART. This study applies systems thinking to assess supply chain management, the role of external support and whether investments create the needed synergies to strengthen health systems. Methods This study uses the WHO health systems framework and examines the issues of governance, financing, information, human resources and service delivery in relation to supply chain management of medicines and the technologies. It looks at links and causal chains between supply chain management for ART and the national supply system for essential drugs. It combines data from the literature and key informant interviews with observations at health service delivery level in a study district. Results Current drug supply chain management in Uganda is characterized by parallel processes and information systems that result in poor quality and inefficiencies. Less than expected health system performance, stock outs and other shortages affect ART and primary care in general. Poor performance of supply chain management is amplified by weak conditions at all levels of the health system, including the areas of financing, governance, human resources and information. Governance issues include the lack to follow up initial policy intentions and a focus on narrow, short-term approaches. Conclusion The opportunity and need to use ART investments for an essential supply chain management and strengthened health system has not been exploited. By applying a systems perspective this work indicates the seriousness of missing system prerequisites. The findings suggest that root causes and capacities across the system have to be addressed synergistically to

  5. Constraint analysis to improve integrated dairy production systems in developing countries: the importance of participatory rural appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devendra, C

    2007-12-01

    The paper describes the rationale and importance of the approaches and methodologies of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) to enable constraint analysis, to understand the complexities of farming systems and to improve integrated dairy productivity. Implicit in this objective is Farming Systems Research (FSR), which focused on cropping systems in the 1970's, with the subsequent addition of animal components. The methodology for FSR involves the following sequential components: site selection, site description and characterization (diagnosis), planning of on-farm research, on-farm testing and validation of alternatives, diffusion of results, and impact assessment. PRA is the development of FSR, which involves the active participation of farmers to identify constraints and plan appropriate solutions. In the Coordinated Research Project (CRP), the approach was adapted to 10 different country situations and led to Economic Opportunity Surveys (EOS) and Diagnostic Surveillance Studies (DSS), allowing the planning and implantation of integrated interventions to improve dairy productivity.

  6. Top 40 questions in coupled human and natural systems (CHANS research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Boyd. Kramer

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding and managing coupled human and natural systems (CHANS is a central challenge of the 21st century, but more focus is needed to pursue the most important questions within this vast field given limited research capacity and funding. We present 40 important questions for CHANS research, identified through a two-part crowdsourcing exercise within the CHANS community. We solicited members of the International Network of Research on Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS-Net to submit up to three questions that they considered transformative, receiving 540 questions from 207 respondents. After editing for clarity and consistency, we asked the network's members to each evaluate a random subset of 20 questions in importance on a scale from 1 (least important to 7 (extremely important. Questions on land use and agriculture topped the list, with a median importance ranking of 5.7, followed by questions of scale, climate change and energy, sustainability and development, adaptation and resilience, in addition to seven other categories. We identified 40 questions with a median importance of 6.0 or above, which we highlight as the current view of researchers active in the field as research questions to pursue in order to maximize impact on understanding and managing coupled human and natural systems for achieving sustainable development goals and addressing emerging global challenges.

  7. An Audience Response System May Influence Student Performance on Anatomy Examination Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyt, Amy; McNulty, John A.; Gruener, Gregory; Chandrasekhar, Arcot; Espiritu, Baltazar; Ensminger, David; Price, Ron, Jr.; Naheedy, Ross

    2010-01-01

    This study integrated an in-house audience response system (ARS) in the human anatomy course over two years to determine whether students performed better on high-stakes examinations following exposure to similar interactive questions in a large lecture format. Questions in an interactive ARS format were presented in lectures via PowerPoint…

  8. Critical appraisal of rotigotine transdermal system in management of Parkinson’s disease and restless legs syndrome – patient considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kesayan T

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Tigran Kesayan,1 Jessica D Shaw,1 Tracy M Jones,1 Joseph S Staffetti,1 Theresa A Zesiewicz1,21Department of Neurology, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 2Department of Neurology, James A Haley VA Hospital, Tampa, FL, USAAbstract: Rotigotine (RTG is a dopamine agonist that is used as mono and adjunct therapy to treat Parkinson’s disease, and as therapy for moderate-to-severe restless legs syndrome. RTG is the only dopamine agonist currently available as a 24-hour/day transdermal system, providing once-a-day dosing. As a transdermal patch, RTG bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, making it a treatment option for patients with dysphagia. The use of RTG also avoids the need to schedule administration of medication around meals. This review provides a critical appraisal of RTG as treatment of Parkinson’s disease and RLS.Keywords: rotigotine, dopamine agonist, Parkinson’s disease, restless legs syndrome

  9. Question Answering in a Natural Language Understanding System Based on Object-Oriented Semantics

    CERN Document Server

    Ostapov, Yuriy

    2011-01-01

    Algorithms of question answering in a computer system oriented on input and logical processing of text information are presented. A knowledge domain under consideration is social behavior of a person. A database of the system includes an internal representation of natural language sentences and supplemental information. The answer {\\it Yes} or {\\it No} is formed for a general question. A special question containing an interrogative word or group of interrogative words permits to find a subject, object, place, time, cause, purpose and way of action or event. Answer generation is based on identification algorithms of persons, organizations, machines, things, places, and times. Proposed algorithms of question answering can be realized in information systems closely connected with text processing (criminology, operation of business, medicine, document systems).

  10. Wireless "Questions-Bank" System to Enhance M-Learning in School Education

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Abou El-Seoud, Samir; El-Sofany, Hosam Farouk; Al-Halabi, Yahia

    2010-01-01

    .... This paper describes the analysis, design, and implementation of "Wireless Questions-Bank System", that allows the students to take web-based quizzes, web-based free exercises, web-based exams (midterm, and final...

  11. Questions-Bank System to Enhance E-Learning in School Education

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hosam Farouk El-Sofany; Samir A. El-Seoud; F. F. M. Ghaleb; Shaima Ibrahim; Noor Al-Jaidah

    2009-01-01

    ... and succeed to acquire the needed knowledge. This paper describes the analysis, design, and implementation of the Questions-Bank system, that allows the students of primary, preparatory, and secondary schools to take web-based quizzes and exams...

  12. Web-based "Questions-Bank" System to Improve E-Learning Education in Qatari School

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hosam F. El-Sofany; Noor Al-Jaidah; Shaima Ibrahim; Salha Al-kubaisi

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: This study described the analysis, design and implementation of the Questions-Bank system that allows the students of primary, preparatory and secondary schools to take web-based quizzes and exams...

  13. Developing a Model Appraisal and Record System for Special Education Services in Local School Districts. Maxi II Practicum Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Preston C.

    The appraisal awareness committee of Region XX (made up of 51 school districts in the San Antonio, Texas area) CASE (Council for Administrators of Special Education) studied issues connected with the student appraisal process particularly in the categories of language/learning disabled, emotionally disturbed, and mentally handicapped. The…

  14. Teacher Performance Appraisal in Thailand: Poison or Panacea?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pimpa, Nattavud

    2005-01-01

    This research focuses on the examination of problems related to the national teacher performance appraisal system by the Thai Ministry of Education. It highlights major problems of the current performance appraisal system by delineating the weaknesses and pitfalls of the current appraisal system. The findings indicate problems to three major…

  15. A critical appraisal of the misoprostol removable, controlled-release vaginal delivery system of labor induction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patte C

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Charlotte Patte,1 Philippe Deruelle1,21Lille University Hospital, Jeanne De Flandre Maternity, 2UPRES EA 4489, Environnement périnatal et santé, Faculté de médecine Henri Warembourg, Université Lille 2, Lille, France Background: Induction of labor is a major issue in pregnancy management. Finding strategies to increase rate and decrease time to vaginal delivery is an important goal, but maternal or neonatal safety must remain the primary objective. Misoprostol is a synthetic analogue of prostaglandin used off label to ripen the cervix and induce labor. The misoprostol vaginal insert (MVI was designed to allow a controlled-release delivery of misoprostol (from 50 to 200 µg with a removal tape. The objective of this review was to make a critical appraisal of this device referring to the literature.Methods: A literature search was performed in the PubMed and Cochrane databases using the keywords “vaginal misoprostol insert”.Results: Several studies compared different doses of MVI (50, 100, 150, and 200 µg with the 10 mg dinoprostone insert. The 100 µg MVI compared with the dinoprostone vaginal insert (DVI showed similar efficacy and no significant differences in cesarean delivery rate. MVI 200 µg compared with DVI showed a reduced time to vaginal delivery and oxytocin need but had an increased risk of uterine hyperstimulation. The rate of hyperstimulation syndrome was two to three times more frequent with the 200 µg MVI than the 100 µg.Conclusion: Current data suggest that the 100 µg MVI would provide the best balance between efficacy and safety. Further studies should be performed to evaluate this dose, especially in high-risk situations needing induction of labor. Keywords: prostaglandins, efficacy, safety, pregnancy 

  16. Discussion of the Workflow System of Judicial Appraisal in Surveying and Mapping%浅谈测绘司法鉴定的工作流程体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何德平

    2012-01-01

    The judicial appraisal in surveying and mapping is attached more and more importance as a special task. However, it is facing risk because of the lack of workflow system. Studying the laws, standard, principle and operation of the judicial appraisal in surveying and mapping, this paper puts forward the operational workflow of the judicial appraisal in surveying and mapping, provides a referential resolution for carrying out the judicial appraisal in surveying and mapping, which makes important practical sense.%测绘司法鉴定作为一项特殊工作,越来越受到重视.但由于其工作流程体系的缺失,存在较大的隐患和风险.本文通过对测绘司法鉴定的法律、标准、原则及工作的法规性研究,总结出测绘司法鉴定的作业流程体系,为此项工作的开展提供了一套可供参考的解决方案,具有重要的实践意义.

  17. New Information Distance Measure and Its Application in Question Answering System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xian Zhang; Yu Hao; Xiao-Yan Zhu; Ming Li

    2008-01-01

    In a question answering (QA) system, the fundamental problem is how to measure the distance between a question and an answer, hence ranking different answers. We demonstrate that such a distance can be precisely and mathematically defined. Not only such a definition is possible, it is actually provably better than any other feasible definitions.Not only such an ultimate definition is possible, but also it can be conveniently and fruitfully applied to construct a QA system. We have built such a system -- QUANTA. Extensive experiments are conducted to justify the new theory.

  18. Emotional and Utilitarian Appraisals of Moral Dilemmas Are Encoded in Separate Areas and Integrated in Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutcherson, Cendri A; Montaser-Kouhsari, Leila; Woodward, James; Rangel, Antonio

    2015-09-09

    Moral judgment often requires making difficult tradeoffs (e.g., is it appropriate to torture to save the lives of innocents at risk?). Previous research suggests that both emotional appraisals and more deliberative utilitarian appraisals influence such judgments and that these appraisals often conflict. However, it is unclear how these different types of appraisals are represented in the brain, or how they are integrated into an overall moral judgment. We addressed these questions using an fMRI paradigm in which human subjects provide separate emotional and utilitarian appraisals for different potential actions, and then make difficult moral judgments constructed from combinations of these actions. We found that anterior cingulate, insula, and superior temporal gyrus correlated with emotional appraisals, whereas temporoparietal junction and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex correlated with utilitarian appraisals. Overall moral value judgments were represented in an anterior portion of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Critically, the pattern of responses and functional interactions between these three sets of regions are consistent with a model in which emotional and utilitarian appraisals are computed independently and in parallel, and passed to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex where they are integrated into an overall moral value judgment. Significance statement: Popular accounts of moral judgment often describe it as a battle for control between two systems, one intuitive and emotional, the other rational and utilitarian, engaged in winner-take-all inhibitory competition. Using a novel fMRI paradigm, we identified distinct neural signatures of emotional and utilitarian appraisals and used them to test different models of how they compete for the control of moral behavior. Importantly, we find little support for competitive inhibition accounts. Instead, moral judgments resembled the architecture of simple economic choices: distinct regions represented emotional

  19. How Should an Effective Performance Appraisal Be: EFL Teachers’ Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holi Ibrahim Holi Ali

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study is set to examine EFL teachers’ perceptions, views about what makes an effective performance appraisal system by adopting a quantitative survey design for data collection. A total number of 45 college instructors in the Sultanate of Oman responded to survey on: how is an effective performance appraisal perceived by EFL teachers? How do teachers perceive their participation in developing the appraisal system? And how might the present performance appraisal practices be improved? The result reveals that staff participation in developing performance appraisal system and goals, feedback confidentiality, quality appraiser, quality of place and time of appraisal, appraiser-appraisee relationships, and developmental nature of performance appraisal would help in making effective appraisal and the overall PA effectiveness depends mostly on these factors. The result has a significant implication for improving the process of teacher performance appraisal in Oman and enriches the body knowledge of PA in general. The study puts forwards suggestions and recommendations for improving PA practices and exercises in EFL contexts. Keywords: Effective Performance appraisal, FL teachers' perceptions, critical errors in performance appraisal, Colleges instructors in the Sultanate of Oman

  20. INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELEVANT TO NUCLEAR FACILITIES, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

    2011-07-01

    Typical questions surrounding industrial control system (ICS) cyber security always lead back to: What could a cyber attack do to my system(s) and; how much should I worry about it? These two leading questions represent only a fraction of questions asked when discussing cyber security as it applies to any program, company, business, or organization. The intent of this paper is to open a dialog of important pertinent questions and answers that managers of nuclear facilities engaged in nuclear facility security and safeguards should examine, i.e., what questions should be asked; and how do the answers affect an organization's ability to effectively safeguard and secure nuclear material. When a cyber intrusion is reported, what does that mean? Can an intrusion be detected or go un-noticed? Are nuclear security or safeguards systems potentially vulnerable? What about the digital systems employed in process monitoring, and international safeguards? Organizations expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against physical threats. However, cyber threats particularly on ICSs may not be well known or understood, and often do not receive adequate attention. With the disclosure of the Stuxnet virus that has recently attacked nuclear infrastructure, many organizations have recognized the need for an urgent interest in cyber attacks and defenses against them. Several questions arise including discussions about the insider threat, adequate cyber protections, program readiness, encryption, and many more. These questions, among others, are discussed so as to raise the awareness and shed light on ways to protect nuclear facilities and materials against such attacks.

  1. Exploring the Learning Mechanism of Web-Based Question-Answering Systems and Their Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yin

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, a number of models concerning question-answering (QA) systems have been put forward. But many of them stress technology and neglect the research of QA itself. In this paper, we analyse the essence of QA and discuss the relationship between technology and QA. On that basis, we propose that when designing web-based QA systems, more…

  2. Learning Achievement in Solving Word-Based Mathematical Questions through a Computer-Assisted Learning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Tzu-Hua; Liu, Yuan-Chen; Chang, Hsiu-Chen

    2012-01-01

    This study developed a computer-assisted mathematical problem-solving system in the form of a network instruction website to help low-achieving second- and third-graders in mathematics with word-based addition and subtraction questions in Taiwan. According to Polya's problem-solving model, the system is designed to guide these low-achievers…

  3. QArabPro: A Rule Based Question Answering System for Reading Comprehension Tests in Arabic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Akour

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Extensive research efforts in the area of Natural Language Processing (NLP were focused on developing reading comprehension Question Answering systems (QA for Latin based languages such as, English, French and German. Approach: However, little effort was directed towards the development of such systems for bidirectional languages such as Arabic, Urdu and Farsi. In general, QA systems are more sophisticated and more complex than Search Engines (SE because they seek a specific and somewhat exact answer to the query. Results: Existing Arabic QA system including the most recent described excluded one or both types of questions (How and Why from their work because of the difficulty of handling these questions. In this study, we present a new approach and a new questionanswering system (QArabPro for reading comprehension texts in Arabic. The overall accuracy of our system is 84%. Conclusion/Recommendations: These results are promising compared to existing systems. Our system handles all types of questions including (How and why.

  4. Appraising Adaptive Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai N. Lee

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Adaptive management is appraised as a policy implementation approach by examining its conceptual, technical, equity, and practical strengths and limitations. Three conclusions are drawn: (1 Adaptive management has been more influential, so far, as an idea than as a practical means of gaining insight into the behavior of ecosystems utilized and inhabited by humans. (2 Adaptive management should be used only after disputing parties have agreed to an agenda of questions to be answered using the adaptive approach; this is not how the approach has been used. (3 Efficient, effective social learning, of the kind facilitated by adaptive management, is likely to be of strategic importance in governing ecosystems as humanity searches for a sustainable economy.

  5. Schoolteacher Appraisal: Reflections on Recent History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Bob

    1991-01-01

    From a National Steering Group perspective, this article reviews the recent history of the national framework for teacher appraisal in England and discusses six lessons to be drawn from a project that tested the new system. Appraisal is still associated with controversy and poor industrial relations, arouses suspicion, is politically complicated,…

  6. 12 CFR 626.6015 - Nondiscriminatory appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nondiscriminatory appraisal. 626.6015 Section 626.6015 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM NONDISCRIMINATION IN LENDING § 626.6015 Nondiscriminatory appraisal. No Farm Credit institution shall discriminate against any...

  7. Tennessee Extension Agents' Perceptions of Performance Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, Joseph L.; French, Russell L.

    2013-01-01

    Performance appraisal is necessary for summative decisions about employees, such as merit pay and promotion. The research reported here describes Extension agent perceptions of their performance appraisal system. The population studied consisted of all Tennessee Extension agents (N = 312). Surveys were completed by 218 respondents, for a completed…

  8. CERN's Merit Appraisal and Recognition System from the point of view of the supervisor

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01

    The required training consists of 2 parts : This presentation explaining “CERN’s merit recognition system”, followed by a session of questions/answers – duration : 2 hours A training session on “How to get, as a supervisor, the most out of the annual interview” – duration : 1 day. This hands-on training focuses on how to set smart work and development objectives, how to give feedback and how to run the annual interview in a constructive way.

  9. Appraisal Psychology, Neurobiology, and Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, John H.

    2001-01-01

    Proposes that the confluence of stimulus appraisal and social cognition that is effected by the neural system in the brain has important implications for language and learning theories. Describes the anatomy and functions of this neural system and discusses how it may operate in motivation for second language acquisition and how in conjunction…

  10. 建立护士绩效考核体系的实践效果%Practical experience of establishing nurses′ performance appraisal index system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林花丽

    2015-01-01

    Objective:Establishing nurses′ performance appraisal index system and evaluating the result of performance appraisal, in order to provide a sci-entific basis for reasonable payment distribution,human resource and nursing quality management. Methods:Nurses′ performance appraisal index system was established based on post management,ladder management,work quantity,work quanlity and nurse career planning,questionnaire made by ourself was col-lected and the result of performance appraisal was evaluated. Results:After establishing nurses′ performance appraisal index system,nurse performance salary was paid according to their work quatity and quality,satisfaction rate of nursing managementers,nurses and patients was improved. Conclusion:By establis-hing nurses′ performance appraisal index system,it is positive to form excellent management guide,improve clinical nursing quality,arouse nurses′ enthusi-asm and improve the patient′s satisfaction rate.%目的::通过建立护士工作绩效考核体系,为合理分配薪酬、人力资源管理、护理质量管理提供科学依据。方法:以岗位管理、层级管理、工作量、工作质量、护士职业规划等方面为切入点建立护理绩效考核体系,使用自制调查问卷收集资料,并对考核结果进行分析。结果:绩效考核体系建立后,护士绩效工资体现多劳多得、优绩优酬,护理管理者满意度、护士满意度、患者满意度均有提高。结论:建立行之有效的护士绩效考核体系,有利于形成良好的管理导向,提高临床护理质量,调动护理人员的积极性。

  11. A qualitative appraisal of stakeholder reactions to a tool for burden of disease–based health system budgeting in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Koku Awoonor-Williams

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: In 2010, the Ghana Health Service launched a program of cooperation with the Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare that was designed to adapt Tanzania's PLANREP budgeting and reporting tool to Ghana's primary health care program. The product of this collaboration is a system of budgeting, data visualization, and reporting that is known as the District Health Planning and Reporting Tool (DiHPART. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the design and implementation processes (technical, procedures, feedback, maintenance, and monitoring of the DiHPART tool in northern Ghana. Design: This paper reports on a qualitative appraisal of user reactions to the DiHPART system and implications of pilot experience for national scale-up. A total of 20 health officials responsible for financial planning operations were drawn from the national, regional, and district levels of the health system and interviewed in open-ended discussions about their reactions to DiHPART and suggestions for systems development. Results: The findings show that technical shortcomings merit correction before scale-up can proceed. The review makes note of features of the software system that could be developed, based on experience gained from the pilot. Changes in the national system of financial reporting and budgeting complicate DiHPART utilization. This attests to the importance of pursuing a software application framework that anticipates the need for automated software generation. Conclusions: Despite challenges encountered in the pilot, the results lend support to the notion that evidence-based budgeting merits development and implementation in Ghana.

  12. Analysis of Classroom Response System Questions via Four Lenses in a General Chemistry Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruck, Aaron D.; Towns, Marcy H.

    2009-01-01

    General Chemistry lecture questions used in an electronic classroom response system (CRS) were analyzed using three theoretical frameworks and the pedagogical context in which they were presented. The analytical lenses included whether students were allowed to collaborate, Bloom's Taxonomy, a framework developed by Robinson and Nurrenbern, and an…

  13. Development, implementation, and a cognitive evaluation of a definitional question answering system for physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hong; Lee, Minsuk; Kaufman, David; Ely, John; Osheroff, Jerome A; Hripcsak, George; Cimino, James

    2007-06-01

    The published medical literature and online medical resources are important sources to help physicians make patient treatment decisions. Traditional sources used for information retrieval (e.g., PubMed) often return a list of documents in response to a user's query. Frequently the number of returned documents from large knowledge repositories is large and makes information seeking practical only "after hours" and not in the clinical setting. This study developed novel algorithms, and designed, implemented, and evaluated a medical definitional question answering system (MedQA). MedQA automatically analyzed a large number of electronic documents to generate short and coherent answers in response to definitional questions (i.e., questions with the format of "What is X?"). Our preliminary cognitive evaluation shows that MedQA out-performed three other online information systems (Google, OneLook, and PubMed) in two important efficiency criteria; namely, time spent and number of actions taken for a physician to identify a definition. It is our contention that question answering systems that aggregate pertinent information scattered across different documents have the potential to address clinical information needs within a timeframe necessary to meet the demands of clinicians.

  14. Towards Designing Social Question-and-Answer Systems for Behavioral Support of Individuals with Autism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hwajung Hong

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Individuals with autism need a network of support to overcome the wide range of challenges in their daily life. Social media hold the promise for improving the quality of life of individuals with autism by offering remote advice for these daily challenges. In the paper, we study an online autism forum as a social question-and-answer (Q&A venue. We examine 1,277 threads on the forum to characterize topics and types of questions asked by members. Our findings indicate that the majority of questions seek subjective advice and require knowledge about socially appropriate behavior—knowledge perhaps not easily elicited from the forum itself. Based on the identified opportunities and challenges, this paper contributes design recommendations for features in pervasive social computing systems that enhance online Q&A experience for individuals with autism.

  15. Improving Work Performance Through Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, William J.

    1978-01-01

    Effective appraisal depends on three essential elements: employees who are motivated to achieve goals, who have the necessary mental and physical ability, and who clearly understand the demands of the job. What this implies for systems touching on these elements is spelled out in detail. (Author/MLF)

  16. The advocacy of an appraisal system for teachers: a case study ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Education systems all over the world, like all other organisations, have certain ... system is regarded as part of the process to achieve this organisational goal. ... of the cascading mode of delivery, clarity on the roles of different structures, official ...

  17. Three Questions to Guide Study and Practice in the Information Systems Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JuanQiong Gou

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Gaining an understanding of Information Systems and improving IS education has become a serious issue for the IS discipline. Prior to undertaking Management Information Systems (MIS in an MBA course, students sometimes cannot clearly explain exactly what information systems are and what they should do in practice. This paper begins by considering the various influences on the MIS curriculum and some of the conventional approaches to curriculum design, selection and organisation of teaching materials. It then offers an alternative approach by presenting a three question framework for understanding and explaining the IS field. From this basis the paper argues that these three questions can be used to guide the study, teaching and practice of MIS.

  18. QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM BERBASIS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE MARKUP LANGUAGE SEBAGAI MEDIA INFORMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajrin Azwary

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Artificial intelligence technology nowadays, can be processed with a variety of forms, such as chatbot, and the various methods, one of them using Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML. AIML using template matching, by comparing the specific patterns in the database. AIML template design process begins with determining the necessary information, then formed into questions, these questions adapted to AIML pattern. From the results of the study, can be known that the Question-Answering System in the chatbot using Artificial Intelligence Markup Language are able to communicate and deliver information. Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Template Matching, Artificial Intelligence Markup Language, AIML Teknologi kecerdasan buatan saat ini dapat diolah dengan berbagai macam bentuk, seperti ChatBot, dan berbagai macam metode, salah satunya menggunakan Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML. AIML menggunakan metode template matching yaitu dengan membandingkan pola-pola tertentu pada database. Proses perancangan template AIML diawali dengan menentukan informasi yang diperlukan, kemudian dibentuk menjadi pertanyaan, pertanyaan tersebut disesuaikan dengan bentuk pattern AIML. Hasil penelitian dapat diperoleh bahwa Question-Answering System dalam bentuk ChatBot menggunakan Artificial Intelligence Markup Language dapat berkomunikasi dan menyampaikan informasi. Kata kunci : Kecerdasan Buatan, Pencocokan Pola, Artificial Intelligence Markup Language, AIML

  19. Appraisal of Passive and Active Fire Protection Systems in Student’s Accommodation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail I.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Fire protection systems are very important systems that must be included in buildings. They have a great significance in reducing or preventing the occurrences of fire. This paper presents an assessment of fire protection systems in student’s accommodation. Student accommodation is a particular type of building that provides shelter for students at University. In addition, it is also supposed to be an attractive environment, conducive to learning, and importantly, safe for occupation. The fire safety of occupants in a building, must be in accordance with the requirements of the building’s code. Therefore, the design of the building must comply with the Uniform Building By-Law (UBBL 1984 of Malaysia, and provide all of the required safety features. This paper describes the findings from investigations of passive and active fire protection systems installed in buildings, based on fire safety requirements, UBBL (1984.

  20. Dabigatran for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in atrial fibrillation: A NICE single technology appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Rita; Spackman, Eldon; Burch, Jane; Corbacho, Belen; Todd, Derick; Pepper, Chris; Woolacott, Nerys; Palmer, Stephen

    2013-07-01

    The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer of dabigatran etexilate (Boehringer Ingelheim Ltd, UK) to submit evidence for the clinical and cost-effectiveness of this drug for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) as part of the NICE single technology appraisal process. The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination and the Centre for Health Economics at the University of York were commissioned to act as the evidence review group (ERG). This article presents a summary of the manufacturer's submission, the ERG report and the subsequent development of NICE guidance for the use of dabigatran within the UK National Health Service. Dabigatran was granted marketing authorisation by the European Medicines Agency for a sequential dosing regimen (DBG sequential), in which patients under 80 years are treated with dabigatran 150 mg twice daily (DBG150) and patients 80 years and over are given dabigatran 110 mg twice daily (DBG110). NICE decisions are bound by the marketing authorisation; therefore, the decision problem faced by the committee was whether the DBG sequential regimen was effective and cost-effective compared with warfarin or aspirin for patients with non-valvular AF and one or more risk factors. The RE-LY trial, a large multi-centre non-inferiority randomised clinical trial, was the primary source of clinical evidence. DBG150 was shown to be non-inferior, and subsequently superior to warfarin, for the primary outcome of all stroke/systemic embolism. DBG110 was found to be non-inferior to warfarin. Results were presented for a post hoc subgroup analysis for patients under and over 80 years of age, where DBG110 showed a statistically significant reduction of haemorrhagic stroke and intracranial haemorrhage in comparison to warfarin in patients over 80 years of age. This post hoc subgroup analysis by age was the basis for the licensed DBG sequential regimen

  1. Establishment and Application of the Performance Appraisal System for Departments in the Hospital%我院科室绩效考核系统的建立与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹莉; 樊俊芝; 李婧

    2014-01-01

    Performance appraisal was of great significance to improve the management level for the hospital and the departments. In view of the deifciencies in the present performance appraisal indicator system, this paper exempliifed Guang’anmen Hospital for its successful establishment of a performance appraisal system through the network information platform to meet the needs of management and departments appraisal for hospital leaders and relevant departments.%绩效考核对于提高医院及科室的管理水平具有重要作用。本文针对目前绩效考核指标体系存在的不足,我院在医院网络信息平台上建立绩效考核系统,以满足医院领导、考核部门及业务科室的管理需要。

  2. Method of Modeling Questions for Automated Grading of Students’ Responses in E-Learning Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Gurchenkov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Problem relevance. The capability to check a solution of practical problems automatically is an important functionality of any learning management system (LMS. Complex types of questions, implying creative approach to problem solving are of particular interest. There are a lot of studies presenting automated scoring algorithms of students' answers, such as mathematical expressions, graphs, molecules, etc. However, the most common types of problems in the open LMS that are being actively implemented in Russian and foreign universities (Moodle, Sakai, Ilias etc. remain simple types of questions such as, for example, multiple choice.Study subject and goal. The purpose of study is to create a method that allows integrating arbitrary algorithms of answer scoring into any existing LMS, as well as its practical implementation in the form of an independent software module, which will handle questions in LMS.Method. The model for objects of type "algorithmic question" is considered. A unified format for storing objects of this type, allowing keeping their state, is developed. The algorithm is a set of variables, which defines the responses versus input data (or vice versa. Basis variables (input are selected pseudo-randomly from a predetermined range, and based on these values resulting variables (responses are calculated. This approach allows us to synthesize variations of the same question. State of the question is saved by means of "seed" of pseudo-random number generator. A set of algorithmic problems was used to build the lifecycle management functions, namely: initialization create (, rendering render (, and evaluation answer (. These functions lay the foundation for the Application Program Interface (API and allow us to control software module responsible for the questions in LMS.Practical results. This study is completed with the implementation of software module responsible for mapping the interaction with the student and automated

  3. Appraisal and Coping: Moderators or Mediators of Stress in Alzheimer's Disease Caregivers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morano, Carmen Louis

    2003-01-01

    This study focused on one question: Do caregiver responses--emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, appraisal of burden, and appraisal of satisfaction--mediate or moderate the effects of caregiving stress on psychological well-being? Findings indicate that development of interventions that focus on how caregivers appraise their situation,…

  4. Appraisal and Coping: Moderators or Mediators of Stress in Alzheimer's Disease Caregivers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morano, Carmen Louis

    2003-01-01

    This study focused on one question: Do caregiver responses--emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, appraisal of burden, and appraisal of satisfaction--mediate or moderate the effects of caregiving stress on psychological well-being? Findings indicate that development of interventions that focus on how caregivers appraise their situation,…

  5. Sherrington's "The Integrative action of the nervous system": a centennial appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, David N

    2007-02-15

    The Integrative Action of the Nervous System by the British physiologist Charles Sherrington was published 100 years ago. Its goal was to explain how the nervous system welds a collection of disparate body parts and organs into a unified individual. Sherrington postulated that the reflex is the simplest unit of nervous integration. He introduced the concept of the synapse as the site where elementary reflexes interact to enable more complex and unified behavior and argued that a synaptic nervous system facilitated the evolution of the cerebrum and cerebellum. The concept of the synapse as a physiological entity provided a theoretical schema into which the richly varied phenomenology of nineteenth century reflex physiology could be assimilated. Sherrington's book also provided the conceptual framework for a century of research into the mechanisms of synaptic transmission and the neuronal discharges associated with perception and action.

  6. A Critical Appraisal of the Intrinsic Pancreatic Angiotensin-Generating System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sernia C

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The pancreas is a relative newcomer to the stable of tissues with an intrinsic angiotensin-generating system. The involvement of this system in pancreatic activity will be dependent on the angiotensin-generating paths present in the pancreas and their precise cellular location. Thus far, renin, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE, angiotensin II and AT1 and AT2 receptors have been found. These are components of the "classical" renin-angiotensin system. But there is uncertainty as to their location and site of action. Furthermore, it is not known which, if any, alternative enzymes to renin and ACE are present, which angiotensins in addition to angiotensin II are generated and whether or not there are receptors to angiotensin IV and angiotensin-(1-7. Future research should focus on these aspects in order to provide a mechanistic basis to pancreatic physiological functions and to pathological conditions of clinical relevance.

  7. KPI-Based Appraisal System for Hospital Research Management%基于KPI的医院科研管理考核评价体系探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑞安; 蔡国龙

    2013-01-01

    In order to effectively appraise and improve hospital's research management, the article employs the Key Performance Indicators (KPI) appraisal system to evaluate hospital's research skills from such perspectives as project approval and process management, rewards for research achievements, intellectual property, and paper publication, etc. KPIs for hospital research were established. By target reference method and scoring method, research appraisal indicators were specified, in hope that performance evaluation would motivate researchers and thus further the hospital's research skills.%  为了有效地考核和提高医院科研管理水平,本文运用关键绩效考核指标(KPI)绩效评价体系,从科研项目立项和过程管理、科研成果奖励、知识产权和论文发表等方面对医院科研技术进行评价。建立医院科研KPI要素,运用目标参照法和加分法,细化科研评价指标,希望通过医院科研绩效评价调动医院科研人员的积极性,促进医院科研水平进一步发展。

  8. Principals' Instructional Leadership within a Teacher Performance Appraisal System: Enhancing Students' Academic Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovando, Martha N.; Ramirez, Alfredo, Jr.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify principals' instructional leadership actions within a comprehensive teacher evaluation system in successful schools rated as recognized or exemplary by the accountability measures in place. The study followed a multiple case study approach. Participants included six school administrators within the same…

  9. Implementation of Management by Objective through Open Performance Review and Appraisal System (OPRAS for Teachers in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rose Ephraim Matete

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Management by Objective through Open Performance Review and Appraisal System (OPRAS was introduced in Tanzania for evaluation of public servants work performance in 2004. The aim of this study was to investigate how teachers perceive the implementation of OPRAS as a mechanism of assessing their work performance and making them accountable for their teaching. The study was mainly qualitative with some aspects of quantitative data. It involved 108 informants, where 90 were the primary school classroom teachers, 10 headteachers, 6 school committee members and 2 district educational officials. The data were collected through questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussion. Some teachers think if OPRAS contract could well be worked out, it could improve the performance; however, there are those teachers who think OPRAS is impractical and unrealistic to the Tanzanian context where pupils are congested in classrooms with shortage of desks.  During the school visit in both Kinondoni Dar es Salaam and Mbeya City findings indicated that OPRAS had been abandoned as it created hostility between headteachers and teachers. Teachers complained of the expenses involved in duplicating the copies and the time consumed for discussion. I argue in this paper that although evaluation of teachers is important, the adoption of the type of assessment for their work performance has to be considered because of the nature of the field and the complications involved in dealing with human mind. Teaching is a labour-intensive process. Teachers cannot, by means of their teaching, determine how many pupils will pass a given exam and how well they will do in their exams under the OPRAS requirements. Keywords: Management by objectives, OPRAS, performance, teachers

  10. Question Master: An Evaluation of a Web-Based Decision-Support System for Use in Reference Environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, John V., Jr.

    1998-01-01

    Question Master (QM) is a decision-support system automating some more routine, fact-type reference questions encountered by guiding librarians through a set of clarifying questions before recommending appropriate print or electronic resource from WorldCat, the OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) Online Union Catalog. This study found that the…

  11. Investment appraisal of automatic milking and conventional milking technologies in a pasture-based dairy system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortall, J; Shalloo, L; Foley, C; Sleator, R D; O'Brien, B

    2016-09-01

    The successful integration of automatic milking (AM) systems and grazing has resulted in AM becoming a feasible alternative to conventional milking (CM) in pasture-based systems. The objective of this study was to identify the profitability of AM in a pasture-based system, relative to CM herringbone parlors with 2 different levels of automation, across 2 farm sizes, over a 10-yr period following initial investment. The scenarios which were evaluated were (1) a medium farm milking 70 cows twice daily, with 1 AM unit, a 12-unit CM medium-specification (MS) parlor and a 12-unit CM high-specification (HS) parlor, and (2) a large farm milking 140 cows twice daily with 2 AM units, a 20-unit CM MS parlor and a 20-unit CM HS parlor. A stochastic whole-farm budgetary simulation model combined capital investment costs and annual labor and maintenance costs for each investment scenario, with each scenario evaluated using multiple financial metrics, such as annual net profit, annual net cash flow, total discounted net profitability, total discounted net cash flow, and return on investment. The capital required for each investment was financed from borrowings at an interest rate of 5% and repaid over 10-yr, whereas milking equipment and building infrastructure were depreciated over 10 and 20 yr, respectively. A supporting labor audit (conducted on both AM and CM farms) showed a 36% reduction in labor demand associated with AM. However, despite this reduction in labor, MS CM technologies consistently achieved greater profitability, irrespective of farm size. The AM system achieved intermediate profitability at medium farm size; it was 0.5% less profitable than HS technology at the large farm size. The difference in profitability was greatest in the years after the initial investment. This study indicated that although milking with AM was less profitable than MS technologies, it was competitive when compared with a CM parlor of similar technology.

  12. A Critical Appraisal of the Juvenile Justice System under Cameroon's 2005 Criminal Procedure Code: Emerging Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Tabe

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to examine the changes introduced by the 2005 Cameroonian Criminal Procedure Code on matters of juvenile justice, considering that before this Code, juvenile justice in Cameroon was governed by extra-national laws. In undertaking this analysis, the article highlights the evolution of the administration of juvenile justice 50 years after independence of Cameroon. It also points out the various difficulties and shortcomings in the treatment of juvenile offenders in Cameroon since the enactment of the new Criminal Procedure Code. The article reveals that the 2005 Code is an amalgamation of all hitherto existing laws in the country that pertained to juvenile justice, and that despite the considerable amount of criticism it has received, the Code is clearly an improvement of the system of juvenile justice in Cameroon, since it represents a balance of the due process rights of young people, the protection of society and the special needs of young offenders. This is so because the drafters of the Code took a broad view of the old laws on juvenile justice. Also a wide range of groups were consulted, including criminal justice professionals, children’s service organisations, victims, parents, young offenders, educators, advocacy groups and social-policy analysts. However, to address the challenges that beset the juvenile justice system of Cameroon, the strategy of the government should be focussed on three areas: the prevention of youth crime, the provision of meaningful consequences for the actions of young people, and the rehabilitation and reintegration of young offenders. Cameroonian law should seek educative solutions rather than to impose prison sentences or other repressive measures on young offenders. Special courts to deal with young offenders should be established outside the regular penal system and should be provided with resources that are adequate for and appropriate to fostering their understanding of

  13. Performance appraisal of gas based electric power generation system using transfer function modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chidozie Chukwuemeka Nwobi-Okoye

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Gas flaring for years has been a major environmental problem in many parts of the world. One way of solving the problem of gas flaring is to effectively utilize the abundant supply of gas for power generation. To effectively utilize gas for power generation requires highly efficient gas turbines and power facilities. Traditional methods of assessing the efficiency of power generation turbines do not take into consideration the stochastic nature of gas input and power output. This is because in a power generation system, as in any typical production system, there is generally marked variability in both input (gas and output (power of the process. This makes the determination of the relationship between input and output quite complex. This work utilized Box-Jenkins transfer function modelling technique, an integral part of statistical principle of time series analysis to model the efficiency of a gas power plant. This improved way of determining the efficiency of gas power generation facilities involves taking input–output data from a gas power generation process over a 10-year period and developing transfer function models of the process for the ten years, which are used as performance indicators. Based on the performance indicators obtained from the models, the results show that the efficiency of the gas power generation facility was best in the years 2007–2011 with a coefficient of performance of 0.002343345. Similarly, with a coefficient of performance of 0.002073617, plant performance/efficiency was worst in the years 2002–2006. Using the traditional method of calculating efficiency the values of 0.2613 and 0.2516 were obtained for years 2002–2006 and 2007–2011 respectively. The result is remarkable because given the state of the facilities, it correctly predicted the period of expected high system performance i.e. 2002–2006 period, but the traditional efficiency measurement method failed to do so. Ordinarily, using efficiency

  14. A critical appraisal of radiographic scoring systems for assessment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doria, Andrea S.; Babyn, Paul S. [The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); University of Toronto, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Feldman, Brian [The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Rheumatology, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); University of Toronto, Department of Population Health Sciences, Toronto (Canada)

    2006-08-15

    Assessing structural damage to joints over time is essential for evaluating the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for patients with inflammatory arthritis. Although radiography is able to quantify joint damage, the changes found with conventional radiography early in the disease course are nonspecific, and late radiographic changes are often irreversible. Although many clinical trials on drug development for children still use radiographic scales as endpoints for the study, more specific therapies have been developed for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) that would enable imaging to ''fine-tune'' patients to placement into specific treatment algorithms. As a result, new imaging scales to identify early abnormalities are clearly needed. Many pediatric rheumatology centers around the world persistently apply adult-designed radiographic scoring systems to evaluate the progression of JIA. Few pediatric-targeted radiographic scales are available for assessment of progression of JIA in growing joints, and the clinimetric and psychometric properties of such scales have been poorly investigated. We present a critique to the evaluative, discriminative, and predictive roles of the van der Heijde modification of Sharp's radiographic method, a scale originally designed to assess damage to joints of adults with rheumatoid arthritis, when it is applied to a pediatric population. We discuss the advantages and drawbacks of this radiographic scoring system for assessing growing joints and the ability of MRI to overcome inadequacies of conventional radiography. (orig.)

  15. An empirical appraisal of the effectiveness of adaptive interfaces for instructional systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken Sinclair

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Navigating an information space, particularly in educational hypermedia, has its difficulties. Users may become spatially disoriented, they may be distracted, lose sight of educational objectives, or fail to relate important items of content. The predominant approaches to aid navigation in this in a well-defined information space such as educational software, involves the provision of a range of advanced navigation tools, to employ a strong metaphor and maintain interest through multimedia sequences, or to semantically structure the knowledge in the space according to some cognitively-based theory. However, none of these techniques can account for an individual learner's needs, knowledge, preferences or cognitive abilities. Adaptivity is a particular functionality that may be implemented in educational hypermedia systems in a variety of ways to recognise the importance of an individual discourse with an information space, and to alleviate navigational difficulties on that basis. This paper seeks to provide a broad understanding of some of the instructional and design principles implicit in adaptive educational hypermedia systems, those that use adaptive navigation support techniques and in particular adaptive link annotation. The claim that adaptive techniques can help solve navigation problems is examined through a review of two recent empirical studies that were undertaken to determine the effect of adaptive navigation support on user paths and learning, and a third study, the results of which is being introduced to the literature in this paper. These studies taken together have not shown a clear link between adaptivity and an improvement in learning, but offer some guidance for ongoing productive research in this field.

  16. Appraisal of Transport Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anders Vestergaard

    be dealt with by the use of sensitivity analysis and robustness measures. This also calls for an appraisal methodology which is transparent and able to include the different preferences among experts, the public, and stakeholders. This PhD thesis has three main focuses concerning appraisal of transport...... papers written during the PhD study. The potential for transport appraisal demonstrated in this PhD study can be listed in the following main findings. • To reconcile socio-economic analysis and public acceptance it can be recommended to widen the appraisal methodology. • When widening the appraisal......The evaluation of transport projects has traditionally been based on quantitative descriptions of selected impacts by the use of cost-benefit analysis (CBA). However, environmental impacts are now taking into consideration when decisions have to be made, regarding which large transport projects...

  17. LANGUAGE APPRAISAL ON ATTITUDINAL SYSTEMS FOR EXPLORING IDEOLOGY IN DEATH PENALTY IN SYDNEY MORNING HERALD AND HERALD SUN EDITORIALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosyida Ekawati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the ideology represented by newspaper editorials. It is from the idea that every language use is never neutral and not ideology-free. Language is used to convey meanings in a broad sense. There are meanings related to the opinions through the language as resources of evaluation. Editorial is one practice of language use full of opinions towards a certain issue on people or things. Sydney Morning Herald and Herald Sun are used as both Australian newspaper posit themselves as the high-rank newspaper in terms of circulation and online accessed. This article tries to uncover the ideologies represented by both newspaper editorials concerning death penalty of Bali Nine executed in Indonesia. Attitudinal perspective proposed by Martin and White (2005 in term of affect, judgement, and appreciation of language appraisal is used to explore ideology in the newspaper. From appraisal analysis, it is found that Indonesia dominantly appraised in negative There is no positive appreciation for Indonesia in both newspaper editorials. judgement while Australia is portrayed in positive view for the issue of death penalty in Indonesia.

  18. Practice Exploration of Point System Appraisal Management in General Practitioner Team%全科团队积分制考核管理的实践探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建峰; 朱玉琴

    2016-01-01

    Objective To improve the work efficiency of team and provide guidance basis for the management of general practitioner team in community by implementing the point system appraisal management in the general practitioner team in community. Methods The team service number and quality and the satisfactory degree of patients before and after the point system appraisal management were surveyed by the third-party quality control method, and the effect after implementation was analyzed. Results The implementation of point system appraisal management enhanced the team awareness of members in general practitioner team, created a positive team atmosphere, obviously improved the community service work quantity and quality and improved the service satisfactory rate of community residents. Conclusion The point system appraisal man-agement is one of the scientific and effective management methods of the general practitioner team in community, and the rational integral coefficient setting can improve the work efficiency and service quality of the general practitioner team.%目的:通过对社区全科团队内部实施积分制考核管理,提升团队工作效能,为社区全科团队管理提供指导依据。方法采用第三方质控的方法,调查积分制考核管理前后的团队服务数量、质量以及病人满意度情况,分析实施后的效果。结果实施积分制考核管理后,增强了全科团队成员的团队意识,营造了团队积极向上的氛围,社区服务工作量和质量均得到了显著的上升,提高了社区居民的服务满意率。结论积分制考核管理是社区全科团队科学有效的管理方法之一,通过合理的积分系数设置,能提高全科团队的工作效能和服务质量。

  19. The effect of differing Audience Response System question types on student attention in the veterinary medical classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rush, Bonnie R; Hafen, McArthur; Biller, David S; Davis, Elizabeth G; Klimek, Judy A; Kukanich, Butch; Larson, Robert L; Roush, James K; Schermerhorn, Thomas; Wilkerson, Melinda J; White, Brad J

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of specific types of multiple-choice questions delivered using an Audience Response System (ARS) to maintain student attention in a professional educational setting. Veterinary students (N=324) enrolled in the first three years of the professional curriculum were presented with four different ARS question types (knowledge base, discussion, polling, and psychological investment) and no ARS questions (control) during five lectures presented by 10 instructors in 10 core courses. Toward the end of the lecture, students were polled to determine the relative effectiveness of specific question types. Student participation was high (76.1%+/-2.0), and most students indicated that the system enhanced the lecture (64.4%). Knowledge base and discussion questions resulted in the highest student-reported attention to lecture content. Questions polling students about their experiences resulted in attention rates similar to those without use of ARS technology. Psychological investment questions, based on upcoming lecture content, detracted from student attention. Faculty preparation time for three ARS questions was shorter for knowledge base questions (22.3 min) compared with discussion and psychological investment questions (38.6 min and 34.7 min, respectively). Polling questions required less time to prepare (22.2 min) than discussion questions but were not different from other types. Faculty stated that the investment in preparation time was justified on the basis of the impact on classroom atmosphere. These findings indicate that audience response systems enhance attention and interest during lectures when used to pose questions that require application of an existing knowledge base and allow for peer interaction.

  20. Politicisation of performance appraisals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Swanepoel

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Employees are a source of competitive advantage for organisations and human resource management seek to promote employee efficiency. One of the tools organisations utilise to achieve this goal is performance appraisals.Research purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the weaknesses in performance appraisal and to determine whether it is politicised in the North West Department of Health and Social Development in South Africa.Motivation for study: Many organisations either ignore the existence of politics in the appraisal process or assume that its impact can be minimised if they refine their appraisal instruments. Executives admit that, in appraising others, they often intentionally avoid meeting the goal of accuracy in favour of achieving goals that have more to do with exercising discretion and maintaining departmental effectiveness. Ironically, these same executives lament that the appraisals they receive often do not accurately represent their abilities and performance (Gioia & Longenecker, 1994.Research approach, design and method: Self-administered questionnaires were used as a means of collecting data and analysis was done through the use of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS.Main findings: The results of the study showed that respondents believe that performance appraisals are highly politicised.Practical/managerial implications: If used effectively, performance appraisals may improve employee productivity and efficiency as well as motivation and performance. However, if performance appraisal is perceived as unfair and political, it can diminish rather than enhance employee attitudes and performance.Contribution: Amongst others, it is recommended that managers should consider separating assessment for development and assessment for rewards.

  1. 高校职业技能鉴定质量管理体系的建设%On the Construction of a College Quality Management System for Occupation Skill Appraisal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程正翠; 唐磊; 郭慧然

    2015-01-01

    As a college talent appraisal and identification institu-tion, college occupation skill appraisal institution is responsible for the occupation skill appraisal of college students, so the qual-ity of its appraisal is of great significance to college students and enterprises. How to promote the standardized and scientific ap-praisal of college occupation skill appraisal institutions has al-ready become a hot issue of social concern. Combined with the construction of a college quality management system for occupa-tion skill appraisal, this paper proposes the concrete practice of quality management system in college occupation skill work, aiming to promote the quality of college occupation skill ap-praisal.%作为高校人才的鉴定鉴别机构,高校职业技能鉴定机构肩负着高等院校学生的职业技能鉴定工作,因此其鉴定质量的优劣程度对于高校学生以及企业都产生了重大的影响。如何促进高校职业技能鉴定机构鉴定工作的规范化、科学化,业已成为全社会关注的热点问题。本文结合高校职业技能鉴定质量管理体系的建设内容,提出质量管理体系在高校职业技能工作中的具体实践,旨在提升高校职业技能鉴定质量。

  2. A rapid appraisal process on an irrigation system in Pakistan; Evaluacion rapida de una zona de riego tipica de Pakistan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz-Carmona, Victor Manuel; Ojeda-Bustamante, Waldo [Instituto Mexicano de Tecnologia del Agua, Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico); Contijoch, Manuel [Banco Mundial (Mexico)

    2006-07-15

    This paper presents the results obtained on the implementation of a rapid appraisal process on an irrigation system in the province of Punjab in Pakistan. The purpose of the evaluation was to know the present irrigation service quality and to propose some alternative to improve it. The evaluation results were: the canal inflow is smaller than peak crop water requirement; net aquifer loss; crops are always under stress which is reflected on low crop yields, the secondary canal network has not control structures and was not designed for rotation, insufficient human-human communication between canal operators; the operators have no complementary training course to enhance their capacity; discrepancy between the service the canal is supposed to provide and the real service it offers. The suggested actions to improve the irrigation service were: the irrigation service must be client oriented; the irrigation users should participate to determine the irrigation service characteristics; the difference between actual and stage irrigation service must be eliminated; clear definition on water allocation; implement a modernization program to provide the irrigation service required. The evaluation methodology used can be applied in other countries like Mexico for the analysis of large irrigation systems making an optimal use of time and resources. [Spanish] En el presente trabajo se muestran los resultados obtenidos al aplicar una metodologia de evaluacion rapida de sistemas de riego a una zona de la provincia del Punjab, Pakistan. El objetivo de la evaluacion fue conocer el estado actual del servicio de riego que ofrece la agencia responsable del manejo del riego en un distrito del Punjab y proponer alternativas para mejorarlo. Los principales resultados de esta evaluacion fueron los siguientes: la falta de capacidad de los canales, el abatimiento neto del acuifero; el estres hidrico continuo de los cultivos, que propicia un bajo rendimiento; la red secundaria de canales no

  3. Employee Satisfaction with Performance Appraisals and Appraisers: The Role of Perceived Appraisal Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boswell, Wendy R.; Boudreau, John W.

    2000-01-01

    In a survey of 128 manufacturing employees, the perception that performance appraisal had developmental uses was associated with satisfaction with appraisals and appraisers. Reaction to the evaluation did not depend on the outcome of the appraisal or its perceived fairness. (SK)

  4. Physician Appraisals: Key Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klich Jacek

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the article is to identify key criteria being used for physician appraisals and to find how communication skills of physicians are valued in those appraisals. ScienceDirect and EBSCOhost databases were used for this search. The results show that a physician appraisal is underestimated both theoretically and empirically. The particular gap exists with respect to the communication skills of physicians, which are rarely present in medical training syllabi and physician assessments. The article contributes to the theoretical discourse on physician appraisals and points out at the inconsistency between the high status of physicians as a key hospital resource on the one hand and, on the other hand, at inadequate and poorly researched assessment of their performance with a special emphasis on communication skills. The article may inspire health managers to develop and implement up-to-date assessment forms for physicians and good managerial practices in this respect in hospitals and other health care units.

  5. Identification of Employee Performance Appraisal Methods in Agricultural Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venclova Katerina

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A formal employee performance appraisal is regarded as one of the tools of human resources performance management. People, their knowledge and skills are currently considered to be the most valuable resource a company has. The article focuses on methods of employee performance appraisal in agricultural organizations in the Czech Republic. The first part of the article deals with the theoretical background of the term “formal appraisal” and employee performance appraisal methods as defined by Czech and foreign specialists. Further, the article describes, based on a questionnaire survey, employee performance appraisal methods that are considered importantfor the agricultural organizations in the Czech Republic. The aim of the article is to identify the current state of formal employee appraisal in a sample group of agricultural organizationsand to test dependencies between selected qualitative characteristics. The outcomes show that the most commonly used methods of employee performance appraisal in agricultural organizations include predefined goal-based performance appraisal, predefined standard outcome-based performance appraisal and appraisal interviews. Agricultural organizations apply these methodsin particular due to the fact that their findings are further utilized in other areas of human resource management, such as reward system and personnel planning. In statistical terms, dependencybetween the method of employee performance appraisal according to predefined goals applied by agricultural organizations and personnel planning (an area of human resources managementhas been proven (p-value: 0.032, Phi coefficient: 4.578.

  6. 国家基本药物制度绩效考核体系框架构建初探%Preliminary study on performance appraisal system framework of national essential medicine system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帅

    2014-01-01

    目的:为构建国家层面上的基本药物制度绩效考核体系提供建议。方法:明确基本药物制度绩效考核目标和制定依据,探讨基本药物制度绩效考核体系的构建。结果与结论:基本药物制度的实施情况需要进行量化及考核,为政策的调整与修正提供依据。%Objective:To provide advice for construction performance appraisal system of essential medicine system in national level. Methods:The target and basis of performance appraisal of essential medicine system were cleared to discuss the construction of performance appraisal system. Results and Conclusions:The implementation of essential medicine system requires quantification and assessment in order to provide the basis for policy adjustment and correction.

  7. Systemic Synthesis Questions [SSynQs] as Tools to Help Students to Build Their Cognitive Structures in a Systemic Manner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrin, Tamara N.; Fahmy, Ameen F. M.; Segedinac, Mirjana D.; Milenković, Dušica D.

    2016-08-01

    Many studies dedicated to the teaching and learning of organic chemistry courses have emphasized that high school students have shown significant difficulties in mastering the concepts of this discipline. Therefore, the aim of our study was to help students to overcome these difficulties by applying systemic synthesis questions, [SSynQs], as the instructional method in our intervention. This work shows that students from the group exposed to the new teaching method achieved higher scores on final testing than students from the control group, who were taught by the traditional method, when students' achievements in conventional, linear questions [LQs] and in [SSynQs] were studied. These results were followed by observation of lower levels of mental effort by students from the intervention group, and higher levels of mental effort in the control group, invested during solving both types of questions. This correlation between achievement and mental effort resulted in high instructional efficiency for the applied method in the intervention group, [SSynQs], and low instructional efficiency for the traditional teaching and learning method applied in the control group. A systemic triangular relation between achievement, mental effort, and instructional efficiency, established by each group and gender, emphasized that the application of [SSynQs] was more suited to female students than for male students because of [SSynQs] characteristics as teaching and learning tools and because of learning style and ability differences between genders.

  8. Guidelines for appraisal and publication of PDSA quality improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speroff, Theodore; James, Brent C; Nelson, Eugene C; Headrick, Linda A; Brommels, Mats

    2004-01-01

    Plan-do-study-act (PDSA) quality improvement is the application of the scientific method to implement and test the effects of change ideas on the performance of the health care system. Users of quality improvement could benefit with markers to gauge the "best" science. Four core questions can determine the value of a quality improvement study: Is the quality improvement study pertinent and relevant? Are the results valid? Are appropriate criteria used to interpret the results? Will the study help you with your practice or organization of care? A set of guidelines is provided to help answer these questions. Similar guidelines exist for randomized clinical trials and clinical-epidemiologic observational studies. Analogous to these existing research guidelines, the PDSA quality improvement guidelines will provide researchers and reviewers with succinct standards of methodological rigor to assist in critical appraisal of quality improvement protocols and publications.

  9. A Proposal of a Mass Appraisal System in Greece with CAMA System: Evaluating GWR and MRA techniques in Thessaloniki Municipality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimopoulos, Thomas; Moulas, Alexandros

    2017-01-01

    Property tax in Greece is levied since 1985 not on Market Values but on the "objective value" of the properties as it is defined by the Ministry of Economics. It forms a non-flexible system, with market-irrelevant and unrealistic values, inducing land-policy practices and potential political cost to each periodical update. Furthermore, instead of adjusting taxation levels to the current economic reality, the real estate market is experiencing further burdening through approximately 40 different property taxes and levies, leading to further shrinking and depreciation. The authors believe that a fairer taxation system could significantly assist the property sector in Greece. Thus, through this paper and by studying and analyzing best practices from other countries, they propose models that can be applied with the use of existing data in Greece. This work aims to identify the critical parameters that affecting property values in Thessaloniki to create a Market Value forecasting tool for a fairer taxation system, to highlight the importance of a GIS system for this purpose and to compare the results of MRA with the use of SPSS with those of GWR in ArcGIS environment. For the purposes of this study, the Municipality of Thessaloniki was chosen due to its very well organized portal with significant and well organized geographical data and because authors manage to access some data from the Central Bank of Greece, regarding property valuations.

  10. Teacher Performance Appraisal System Based on Multi-Agent Technology and MVC mode%基于多Agent技术和MVC模式的教师绩效考核系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张领; 周丽

    2011-01-01

    The performance appraisal system for teachers is a management system of exciting their enthusiasm for work,and giving full play to their subjective initiative and ability to work. Aiming at the management characteristics of the performance appraisal system for teachers, a common system architecture of teacher performance appraisal management system based on multi-Agent and MVC mode is proposed. It provides a new solution for the establishment of a common performance appraisal system.%教师绩效考核系统是以激发教师的工作热情,充分发挥其主观能动性和自身工作能力为目标的管理系统,对各高校人力资源管理有着十分重要的地位和作用.针对学校教师绩效考核管理的特点,提出了基于多Agent技术和MVC模式的教师绩效考核管理系统体系架构,为建立教师绩效考核管理系统提供了一种新的解决方案.

  11. On Effective Questioning in English Classes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏慧芳

    2010-01-01

    Teachers' questioning has traditionally been viewed as an important constituent of teacher talk and the core of effective teaching in classroom context.Questioning is the basic means used by teachers to challenge students to think,appraise teaching results and help students to realize their desired goals,thus,playing a key role in the second language acquisition.This paper will first introduce the definition and types of teachers'questioning and the criteria for effective questioning.It will also give some practical suggestions for practice effective questioning,focusing on good questions,wait-time,feedback and allocation of questions.

  12. How to critically appraise a clinical practice guideline

    OpenAIRE

    Clubb, Adrian B.; Dahm, Philipp

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Clinical practice guidelines play a critical role in guiding the evidence-based clinical practice of urology. We describe a systematic approach to critical appraisal of urology guidelines. Materials and Methods: Based on a focused clinical question derived from a clinical scenario, we identified a relevant clinical practice guideline that we critically appraised using the Users’ Guide to the Medical Literature framework as to whether the results are valid, what are the results, and c...

  13. Discussion on Performance Appraisal System Building of Engineering Program%关于工程项目绩效考核体系建设问题的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫华

    2011-01-01

    本文对工程项目绩效考核体系相关概念进行了分析;对工程项目绩效考核体系的建设和完善进行了较为详细的讨论,并提出了一些有价值的建议.%This paper defines the meaning of engineering program performance appraisal system. It discusses how to build and improve engineering program performance appraisal particularly, and gives some valuable advices.

  14. Changes in Reference Question Complexity Following the Implementation of a Proactive Chat System: Implications for Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maloney, Krisellen; Kemp, Jan H.

    2015-01-01

    There has been longstanding debate about whether the level of complexity of questions received at reference desks and via online chat services requires a librarian's expertise. Continued decreases in the number and complexity of reference questions have all but ended the debate; many academic libraries no longer staff service points with…

  15. 家庭医生绩效考核指标体系的构建研究%Construction of Performance Appraisal Indicator System of Family Doctors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐蕾; 赵琦; 朱敏杰; 袁立; 王蔷; 江萍; 徐飚

    2016-01-01

    Objective To establish performance appraisal indicator system of family doctors to help perfect work patterns and standardized services of family doctors. Methods 2O managers( directors,directors in charge of performance appraisal)were selected by purposive sampling method from all of the 1O community health service centers of Changning District as the first - round consultant experts;relevant managers of health and family planning commission, community health management center,public health institutions and community health service centers in Changning District and family doctors of community health service centers in Changning District were selected as the second - round consultant experts with a total number of 4O. Performance appraisal indicator system of family doctors was established by Delphi method after two - round expert consultation. Results 2O questionnaires were sent out and 19 were recovered in the first - round expert consultation,the valid response rate was 95. O% ;4O questionnaires were sent out and 39 were recovered in the second - round expert consultation,the valid response rate was 97. 5% . Judgment coefficient of experts was O. 894,coefficient of familiarity degree was O. 9O5,and coefficient of degree of authority was O. 9OO. Cooperation index of experts in the first round was O. 21(χ2 = 12. 11,P > O. O5);and cooperation index of experts in the second round was O. 42(χ2 = 49. 76,P O. O5);第二轮专家的协调系数为 O.42(χ2=49.76,P < O. O5)。经过两轮专家咨询,确定一级指标7项,分别为资料信息化管理、签约、基本医疗服务、健康管理、签约与医疗服务、满意度、医疗费用,二级指标17项,三级指标29项。结论构建的家庭医生绩效考核指标体系具有一定权威性和可操作性,较好地涵盖了目前家庭医生工作的重点,可作为近阶段评估家庭医生服务、改进服务提供机制、完善服务内涵的工具。

  16. 完善民主评议政风行风制度的对策思考%Thinking of the countermeasure for perfecting the administrative style and professional climate democracy appraisal system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹燕秋

    2011-01-01

    The administrative style and professional climate is the life of the government and profession,the 政 populars the quality of the breeze direct the relation the region government of image.The democracy appraisal administrative style and professional climate for rectify the section and the profession unhealthy tendencies,promote administration by law,push forward the party clean government construction,excellent turn the governmental affairs environment,set up the socialism diapason society to have the important meaning.The perfect democracy administrative style and professional climate system,should participate the mechanism in many ways from the establishment,strengthenning the representative of the appraisal and authority and building up the appraisal system that unifies the norm,the formation appraisal system,perfect and objective fair appraisal method,excellent turn the appraisal process and open the exhibition strict meticulous of argument of appraisal investigate,make stronger the appraisal result and construct the stereoscopic direct mechanism,promote "the sunlight appraisal" etc..%政风行风是政府和行业的生命,政风行风的好坏直接关系当地政府的形象。民主评议政风行风对于纠正部门和行业不正之风,促进依法行政,推进党风廉政建设,优化政务环境,构建社会主义和谐社会具有重要意义。完善民主评议政风行风制度,应从确立多方参与机制,增强评议的代表性和权威性、建立统一规范的评议制度,形成评议体系、完善客观公正的评议方法,优化评议过程、开展严格细致的评议考核,巩固评议效果、构筑立体监督机制,推行"阳光评议"等方面进行。

  17. Critical appraisal of mixed methods studies

    OpenAIRE

    Heyvaert, Mieke; Hannes, Karin; Maes, Bea; Onghena, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    In several subdomains of the social, behavioral, health, and human sciences, research questions are increasingly answered through mixed methods studies, combining qualitative and quantitative evidence and research elements. Accordingly, the importance of including those primary mixed methods research articles in systematic reviews grows. It is generally known that the critical appraisal of articles is an essential step in the development of a methodologically sound review. This article provid...

  18. Researches on System of Performance Appraisal about the Science and Technology Project:Instantiated by the Performance Appraisal about the Research and Development in Guangxi%科技项目绩效考评体系实践研究--以广西技术研究与开发项目绩效考评为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈盛文; 慕朝师

    2015-01-01

    科技项目绩效考评是政府财政支出管理和科技管理的重点。文章分析了广西科技计划项目绩效考评指标体系,以广西技术研究与开发项目为对象进行绩效考评实证研究,提出完善科技项目绩效考评指标体系的对策建议。%The performance appraisal about the science and technology is the key point of the pub‐lic payout management and science and technology management .Taking the research and development of Guangxi as the research project ,the article analyses the system of performance appraisal about the science and technology project ,and proposes the suggestion on perfecting this system .

  19. Real estate surfaces appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ciuna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the appraisal of the market value of the properties are applied two important surface indexes: the market surface ratio of the secondary surfaces and the ratio of the site value to total value (allocation method. The measure of both these indexes can be revealed difficult: the data collection of the surface trade ratio in the market can get different results and in practice often the valuer refolds on the fixed coefficients brought in the handbooks and in the circulars of the public administration; the appraisal of the ratio of the site, especially in the central zones and for ancient buildings, where besides the incidence is higher, is developed extrapolating the ratios from the peripheral zones for new building or falling back on the publications of real estate sector.For the market comparison methods are proposed a series of test of surface trade ratio and land value ratio to foresee the effect on the appraisal result.

  20. A question of fit: reflections on boundaries, organizations and social-ecological systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternlieb, Faith; Bixler, R Patrick; Huber-Stearns, Heidi; Huayhuaca, Ch'aska

    2013-11-30

    Although there is acknowledgment that the complexity of social-ecological systems governance demands representation from diverse perspectives, there is little agreement in the literature on how to cross both fiat (human-demarcated) and bona fide (physical) boundaries to address such complexities. As a cohort of interdisciplinary scholars, we navigate the boundary between science and practice to address the question of fit regarding the role of organizations in transcending boundaries. We found there is a need to rectify discrepancies between theories about boundaries and theories about organizations. To this end, we propose a conceptual framework to analyze transboundary organizations, an umbrella term to group the literature on boundary organizations, intermediaries and bridging organizations; we introduce this term to illustrate they are not mutually exclusive and to facilitate interdisciplinary research. We first examine social-ecological systems (SES), a framework intended to improve understandings of boundaries and governance. We then continue to unpack the complexity of boundaries and organizations, specifically through important transboundary concepts such as scale and organizational learning. This helps frame our examination of the literature on: 1) boundary organizations; 2) bridging organizations (third-party entities); and 3) intermediaries (distinguished by their position between other actors). Our review identifies a number of discrepancies that pertain to the types of boundaries discussed and the roles assigned to organizations governing SES. Important characteristics have emerged from our review of transboundary organizations including legitimacy, saliency, urgency, and credibility. In developing a conceptual framework, we argue that transboundary organizations: 1) expand upon the boundary spectrum, 2) incorporate transboundary concepts, and 3) hybridize characteristics of boundary, bridging, and intermediary organizations. We conclude with a number

  1. Interesting Scientific Questions Regarding Interactions in the Gas-aerosol-cloud System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabazadeh, Azadeh

    2002-01-01

    The growth of human population and their use of land, food and energy resources affect the Earth's atmosphere, biosphere and oceans in a complex manner. Many important questions in earth sciences today deal with issues regarding the impact of human activities on our immediate and future environment, ranging in scope from local (i.e. air pollution) to global (i.e. global warming) scale problems. Because the mass of the Earth's atmosphere is negligible compare to that found in the oceans and the biosphere, the atmosphere can respond quickly to natural and/or manmade perturbations. For example, seasonal 'ozone hole' formation in the Antarctic is a result of manmade CFC emissions in just the last 40 years. Also, the observed rise in global temperatures (known as global warming) is linked to a rapid increase in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas concentrations (emitted primarily by combustion processes) over the last century. The Earth's atmosphere is composed of a mixture of gases, aerosol and cloud particles. Natural and anthropogenic emissions of gases and aerosols affect the composition of the Earth's atmosphere. Changes in the chemical and physical makeup of the atmosphere can influence how the Earth will interact with the incoming solar radiation and the outgoing infrared radiation and vise versa. While, some perturbations are short-lived, others are long-lived and can affect the Earth's global climate and chemistry in many decades to come, In order to be able to separate the natural effects from anthropogenic ones, it is essential that we understand the basic physics and chemistry of interactions in the gas-aerosol-cloud system in the Earth's atmosphere. The important physics and chemistry that takes place in the coupled gas-aerosol-cloud system as it relates to aircraft observations are discussed.

  2. Innovation et système des brevets aux États-Unis : un modèle en question(s Innovation and the U.S. Patent System: A model questioned

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Azuelos

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In an effort to promote economic growth by stimulating innovation, the Founding Fathers engraved the concept of patent in the Constitution of the United States by granting Congress the power “to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.” This article focuses first on the origins of the inclusion of this reference to intellectual/industrial property rights in the U.S. Constitution and its enduring influence on the U.S. patent system in the 19th and 20th centuries. It also stresses the impact of this patent system on the development of innovation in the U.S. during this period, and its influence on industrial property protection systems developed abroad. Last but not least, it shows that the advent of globalisation and the knowledge economy have recently led to a questioning of the model, both in the U.S. and abroad.

  3. Research on the application and evaluation of the performance appraisal system to clinical medical technology departments%临床医技部门绩效考核体系应用与评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵志民; 田晓洁

    2012-01-01

    An analysis is made on major issues and difficulties in the application of the performance appraisal system structure,appraisal model and appraisal outcomes.It was discovered that the performance appraisal system,if used in clinical medical technology departments in the hospital,should focus on the system itself,the appraisal process and re-improvement of the system.These three factors are key to determining whether the system is effective and efficient,and key to transforming the system into departmental and hospital performance,even into overall enhancement of hospital performance in general.%通过对临床医技部门绩效考核体系构成、考核模型和考核效果等在实际应用中的重点、难点问题进行剖析,指出作为医院一线科室的临床医技部门在应用绩效考核体系时,应将重点放在体系本身、考核过程和再完善体系三者结合上,这是评价体系是否有效、能否见效的基础,也是体系通过应用转化为部门乃至医院绩效的关键,更是关乎医院整体绩效能级提高的重点.

  4. Questioning Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Michelle

    1999-01-01

    Questions are so much a part of the classroom routine and they should stimulate learning and thinking. Introduces the Questioning and Understanding to Improve Learning and Thinking (QUILT) method which incorporates Bloom's Taxonomy and wait time. (ASK)

  5. 12 CFR 34.43 - Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Appraisals § 34.43 Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser. (a) Appraisals required. An appraisal performed by a State certified or licensed appraiser is required for all real estate-related...

  6. 基于KPI的高校教师绩效评价体系研究%Study on Performance Appraisal System for Teachers in Colleges and Universities Based on Key Performance Indicators(KPI)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海明

    2015-01-01

    围绕高校教师绩效评价主题,在分析国内外教师评价指标体系现状的基础上,阐述构建教师绩效评价体系的关键因素。结合工作实际,提出KPI指标及其权重计算方法,以构建科学合理的教师绩效评价指标体系。%The study focuses on construction of performance appraisal for teachers at colleges and universities. Based on the analysis and comparison on the current situation of performance appraisal ,we elaborate the key factors of the performance appraisal index system for teachers. And combining with the practice,we put forward indexes of KPI and method of the weight calculation, to construct a scientific and sound performance appraisal index system for teachers.

  7. EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL AND ITS IMPLICATION FOR INDIVIDUAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Obisi , Ph.D

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Organizational performance and its resultant efficiency and effectiveness can only be achieved when individuals are continuously appraised and evaluated. The inability of organization to install an effective performance appraisal strategy has hindered them from achieving competitive advantage which they require more now than ever before. Appraisal processes are not systematic and regular and often characterized by personal influences occasioned by organizations preoccupation to use confidential appraisal system which hinders objectivity and fairness. Often organizations ignore management by objectives, critical incidents to personal prejudices. This is retrogressive as it affects the overall performance of the individual. 360 degrees appraisal method whereby superiors and the appraise their subordinates, subordinates appraise their superior and the appraisee appraise himself or herself and the average of all the appraisal taken to arrive at the final appraisal outcome should be now be considered by organizations. Also post appraisal counseling whereby the appraisal outcomes are analyzed to explain strengths and weaknesses and set agenda for better future performance. Organizationsshould stop giving less attention to the evaluation of their employees and recognize that organizational training needs can only be identified from performance appraisal outcomes. It is an invaluable tool but in the hands of human resource management officers to continuously evaluates and audits the performance of its employees in other to help organizations win competitive advantage.

  8. Verification of 'learning credits' by GP appraisers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murie, Jill; Wakeling, Judy

    2011-11-01

    The RCGP CPD Learning Credits system aims to enable GPs to demonstrate knowledge and skills relevant to their daily practice. Credits are self-assessed and will form part of the 'evidence' necessary for successful revalidation. At an appraisal, GP appraisers verify the credits in terms of the time spent on the CPD activity and its impact on the GP's practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which GPs (as appraisees) are able to self-assess their own learning and, as appraisers, verify credits in a standardised way. All 17 GP appraisers in NHS Lanarkshire were invited to participate in a study, which triangulated three sources of evidence on credits: self-rating, peer-assessment and workshop discussion. The resultant data were analysed on an Excel spreadsheet. Outcomes included self-assessed credit value, peer-assessed mean score (range) and free text. Of the 17 appraisers, 15 completed the paperwork and 13 attended the workshop. GPs' self-assessed learning credits were equivalent to peer-assessed score in 5/15 cases, but considered overestimates in 4/15 and underestimates in 6/15 cases. The most extreme variance was for an oncology module, where the variance ranged from 28% to 200% of the self-assessed score. GPs have a variable understanding of how to award themselves learning credits and of how to judge the credits of potential appraisees. Without adequate resources for appraisal training, validated instruments, calibration and reliability, verification of the learning credit system will be flawed by its subjective and arbitrary nature.

  9. What are Middle School Students Talking About During Clicker Questions? Characterizing Small-Group Conversations Mediated by Classroom Response Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth-Cohen, Lauren A.; Smith, Michelle K.; Capps, Daniel K.; Lewin, Justin D.; Shemwell, Jonathan T.; Stetzer, MacKenzie R.

    2016-02-01

    There is a growing interest in using classroom response systems or clickers in science classrooms at both the university and K-12 levels. Typically, when instructors use this technology, students are asked to answer and discuss clicker questions with their peers. The existing literature on using clickers at the K-12 level has largely focused on the efficacy of clicker implementation, with few studies investigating collaboration and discourse among students. To expand on this work, we investigated the question: Does clicker use promote productive peer discussion among middle school science students? Specifically, we collected data from middle school students in a physical science course. Students were asked to answer a clicker question individually, discuss the question with their peers, answer the same question again, and then subsequently answer a new matched-pair question individually. We audio recorded the peer conversations to characterize the nature of the student discourse. To analyze these conversations, we used a grounded analysis approach and drew on literature about collaborative knowledge co-construction. The analysis of the conversations revealed that middle school students talked about science content and collaboratively discussed ideas. Furthermore, the majority of conversations, both ones that positively and negatively impacted student performance, contained evidence of collaborative knowledge co-construction.

  10. The Construction of Performance Appraisal Index System of Government Information Service in Public Library%公共图书馆政府信息服务绩效评价指标体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷勇

    2012-01-01

    Key of the construction of performance appraisal index system of government Information service in public library is the scientific design of appraisal index , quantification of appraisal standards , reasonable set of index weight and the foundation of the mathematic model. In the practice we must follow the principles , such as the availability, comparability, oriented etc. and do tests to index at all levels , reasonable quantification of appraisal standards and set of index weight . We must construct the anoralsal mathematic model in science.%构建一套有效的公共图书馆政府信息服务绩效评价指标体系关键在于对评价指标的科学设计、评价标准的量化处理、指标权重的合理设定以及评价数学模型的建立。在实践过程中,必须遵循可用性、可比性、导向性原则,科学细化并检测各级评价指标内容,合理量化评价标准和设定各项指标权重,建立科学的评价数学模型。

  11. 高级职称评审过程中应重视的几个问题%Several questions should be taken into account on the process of appraisal for senior title

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈奇

    2011-01-01

    Medical title assessment is a comprehensive assessment system that evaluates medical staff' s professional skill, job performance,research capacity and academics and is also a basic institution of professional staff management. Prohlems in title assessment process such as the quality and authenticity of paper, the value of grass-root training, professional capacity and the introduction of talent were discussed and measures were also presented. It can help improving professional capacity assessment indictor svstem and deepening title reform in health%医学职称评审是对医学人才的专业技能、工作业绩、科研能力和学术水平的综合评价,同时也是对专业技术人才队伍进行管理的一项基本制度.通过对职称晋升过程中参评者论文的质量和真实性、基层锻炼价值、专业技术能力、引进人才职称复议等方面存在的问题进行分析、探讨并提出合理化建议,对于进一步完善卫生专业技术人才的技能评价指标体系、深化医疗卫生系统的职称改革具有重要的现实意义.

  12. 5 CFR 9901.411 - Appraisal period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....411 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND LABOR RELATIONS... PERSONNEL SYSTEM (NSPS) Performance Management § 9901.411 Appraisal period. (a) Except as provided in... period, an employee has not met the minimum period of performance, management may extend the...

  13. Studies on Performance Appraisal of R&D Results Evaluation Systems%企业研发项目绩效评价体系实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙小兵

    2011-01-01

    NPD teams now become more and more important.How to fairly and effectively appraise their performance,how to reasonably award this team are important problems for human resource management.This paper puts forward an evaluation method of group analytic hierarchy process,to ZhongYanZhuHua co.as an example,designed concretely RD results evaluation systems,including strategic Rd project assessment acceptance system and new products performance evaluation systems.%公平有效评价新产品研发团队绩效,合理奖励新产品研发团队是人力资源管理中亟待解决的问题。提出基于偏好聚类的群体层次分析法的评价方法,并以中盐株化为例,构建企业研发项目成果评估体系,包括战略性研发项目验收评估体系和新产品研发后评估体系。

  14. Curiosity Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelsen, Jane; DeLorenzo, Chip

    2010-01-01

    Have you ever found yourself lecturing a child, with the best of intentions, in an attempt to help him or her learn a lesson or process a situation in a manner that you feel will be productive? Curiosity questions, which the authors also call What and How questions, help children process an experience, event, or natural consequence so that they…

  15. What Are Middle School Students Talking about during Clicker Questions? Characterizing Small-Group Conversations Mediated by Classroom Response Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth-Cohen, Lauren A.; Smith, Michelle K.; Capps, Daniel K.; Lewin, Justin D.; Shemwell, Jonathan T.; Stetzer, MacKenzie R.

    2016-01-01

    There is a growing interest in using classroom response systems or clickers in science classrooms at both the university and K-12 levels. Typically, when instructors use this technology, students are asked to answer and discuss clicker questions with their peers. The existing literature on using clickers at the K-12 level has largely focused on…

  16. Appraisal of Transport Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anders Vestergaard

    The evaluation of transport projects has traditionally been based on quantitative descriptions of selected impacts by the use of cost-benefit analysis (CBA). However, environmental impacts are now taking into consideration when decisions have to be made, regarding which large transport projects...... complexity. Optimisation has been replaced with satisficing, where satisficing is defined as finding an acceptable or satisfactory solution to a problem instead of a socio-economical optimal solution. This calls for new approaches of appraising transport projects that goes beyond what the classical CBA......, seems suitable for. As a result of the above mentioned issues regarding conflict of interests, multiple impacts, participation of stakeholders, and sustainability, additional approaches for appraisal have been suggested. Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) has been introduced in the transport...

  17. The design of performance appraisal system of mine construction project Based on the BSC%基于 BSC 的矿井建设工程项目绩效评价指标体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟建锋; 梁磊宁

    2014-01-01

    Mine construction is a complicated project .Due to the particularity of the mine project ,it must strengthen the performance appraisal of mine construction .Traditional performance appraisal of the mine construction is mainly from the aspects of quality ,safety ,schedule ,cost ,etc .the appraisal is simple with single appraisal indexes .So this paper takes BSC as the instruction ,design the mine construction engineering project management of the high performance strategy map according to the particularity of mine construction project ,and construct the mine construction project performance evaluation index system ,so as to realize the effective connection strategy and performance appraisal and promote the improvement of the mine construction project management performance .%矿井建设工程一项复杂的系统工程,由于矿建工程的特殊性,必须加强矿井建设的绩效评价。而传统的矿建工程绩效评价主要从质量、安全、进度、成本等方面进行简单的评价,评价指标单一并缺乏系统性,基于此本文以平衡计分卡的管理思想为指导,结合矿井建设工程项目的特殊性,设计了矿井建设工程项目管理高绩效的战略地图,并据此构建了矿井建设工程项目绩效评价指标体系,以实现战略和绩效评价的有效衔接,促进矿井建设工程项目管理绩效的改善。

  18. Performance appraisals: never mind the boss, please the customer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevling, H R

    1992-01-01

    Compares the general conception of the performance appraisal system as evidenced in yesterday's and today's attitudes and goes on to prognosticate the approach of tomorrow. Radically proposes the removal of such a system altogether, switching from performance appraisal to systems analysis, involving feedback from external (customer/supplier) as opposed to internal (management) sources. Also extends the paradigm shift to salaries, communications and promotion, and highlights training as a vital component, if Deming's seminal eleventh and twelfth points are to be realized.

  19. 12 CFR 564.3 - Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY APPRAISALS § 564.3 Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser. (a) Appraisals required. An appraisal performed by a State certified or..., pooled loan, or real property interest met OTS regulatory requirements for appraisals at the time...

  20. Exotic models may offer unique opportunities to decipher specific scientific question: the case of Xenopus olfactory system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gascuel, Jean; Amano, Tosikazu

    2013-09-01

    The fact that olfactory systems are highly conserved in all animal species from insects to mammals allow the generalization of findings from one species to another. Most of our knowledge about the anatomy and physiology of the olfactory system comes from data obtained in a very limited number of biological models such as rodents, Zebrafish, Drosophila, and a worm, Caenorhabditis elegans. These models have proved useful to answer most questions in the field of olfaction, and thus concentrating on these few models appear to be a pragmatic strategy. However, the diversity of the organization and physiology of the olfactory system amongst phyla appear to be greater than generally assumed and the four models alone may not be sufficient to address all the questions arising from the study of olfaction. In this article, we will illustrate the idea that we should take advantage of biological diversity to address specific scientific questions and will show that the Xenopus olfactory system is a very good model to investigate: first, olfaction in aerial versus aquatic conditions and second, mechanisms underlying postnatal reorganization of the olfactory system especially those controlled by tyroxine hormone.

  1. Design and Realization of Teacher Performance Appraisal System Based on PHP and MySQL%基于PHPMySQL的教师履职考核系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左文英

    2012-01-01

      教师履职考核工作是对教师学年度内工作业绩的一种总结和评价。本文介绍了基于PHP+MySQL教师履职考核系统的开发背景,分析了系统的功能结构,并描述了系统的设计与实现%  The work of teacher performance appraisal is to summarize and evaluate teachers’ job performance within a school year. This article introduces the development background of teacher performance appraisal system based on PHP and MySQL, analyses the functional structure of the system, and describes the system’s design and realization.

  2. Management Concepts Innovation and Appraisal Target System of Enterprises Group%企业集团管理理念创新及其评价指标体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵辉

    2012-01-01

    围绕企业集团中寻机化、人本化、知识化、协同化、精益化、品牌化、电子商务、服务化、国际化等管理创新理念进行分析,进而提出企业集团管理创新理念的具体评价指标体系。%The tunity-searching, ization. Finally, author analyzed management concepts and appraisal target system around management innovation ideas oppor-humanization, knowledge-based, collaboration, lean production, branding, e-business, service and international-the author put forward specific appraisal target system of management innovation ideas of enterprises grqup.

  3. The development of performance appraisal indicators system for university-based community hospital nurses%高校社区医院护理人员绩效考核体系的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马巧焕; 褚洪

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨高校社区医院护理人员绩效考核指标体系.方法 构建以社区护理岗为一级指标,服务数量、服务质量、综合满意度3项为二级指标,肌内注射、皮下注射、氧气吸入等19项为三级指标的高校社区护理人员绩效考核的关键绩效指标(KPI)体系.结果 个人绩效值客观公平,提高了护理人员的工作积极性,护理质量得到了显著提升.结论 考核结果不仅能够衡量科室间的总体绩效差异、个人的绩效差异,同时还可以考核单项指标绩效.%Objective To develop the performance appraisal indicators system for university-based community hospital nurses. Methods A performance appraisal indicators system for university-based community hospital nurses was developed,which consisted of three indicators such as service quantity,service quality,satisfaction, and 19 items such as intramuscular injection.Results The value of individual performance was fair and objective. The application of the performance appraisal indicators system effectively strengthened nurses' working enthusiasm and improved the quality of nursing. Conclusions The performance appraisal indicators system can not only measure the difference of overall performance and individual performance,but also evaluate the single index.

  4. 'Post-deployment appraisal' and the relationship with stress and psychological health in Australian veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Breanna; Forbes, Andrew; Kelsall, Helen; Clarke, David; Ikin, Jill; Sim, Malcolm

    2015-12-01

    Understanding how veterans appraise their post-deployment experiences could provide insight into better assisting their deployment transitions. We aimed to assess the factor structure of positive and negative post-deployment appraisals in Australian veterans and to examine the resultant factors in their relationship with military stress and psychological health. Questions capturing post-deployment attitudes were developed by the researchers in collaboration with veterans. The questions were administered to 1938 veterans and the results factor analysed. The relationships between post-deployment appraisal, military stress and psychological health were examined using Structural Equation Modelling. A three-factor solution was found for the post-deployment appraisal questions; representing personal development, lack of recognition, and appreciation of life and country. Military stress was associated with the three factors and psychological health. The three factors were weakly to moderately associated with psychological health. Mediation between military stress and psychological health by any post-deployment appraisal factor was minimal. Post-deployment appraisal measures three important attitudes and concerns of veterans after deployment. Military stress is associated with the post-deployment appraisal factors. However, the factors did not mediate the relationship between military stress and psychological health. These factors provide insight into how veterans appraise their complex array of post-deployment experiences, and may provide useful in regard to transitions and integration into civilian life.

  5. Research and Implementation of Automatic Question Answering System%自动问答系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王正华; 韩永国

    2014-01-01

    Automatic question answering system has added the knowledge and application of natural language on the basis of the search engine .Compared with the traditional search engines which relies on keyword matching ,it can better meet the retrieval needs of users .This paper describes the automatic question answering system model based on the field of com-puter operating system ,and gives specific development process to achieve the system which can answer user's questions ac-curately .%自动问答系统在搜索引擎的基础上融入了自然语言的知识与应用,与传统的依靠关键字匹配的搜索引擎相比,能够更好地满足用户的检索需求。介绍了计算机操作系统自动问答系统模型,阐述了具体开发过程,设计并实现了基于计算机操作系统领域的自动问答系统,实践表明该系统能够较为准确地回答用户问题。

  6. Ratee Preferences Concerning Performance Management and Appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosselin, Alain; Werner, Jon M.; Halle, Nicole

    1997-01-01

    Employees surveyed (265 responses from 344) expressed the following performance appraisal preferences: appraisal by immediate supervisors; prior knowledge of expectations; ongoing informal feedback; semiannual formal appraisals; and developmental evaluation focused on the results of work. (SK)

  7. Appraisal tools for clinical practice guidelines: a systematic review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Siering

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines can improve healthcare processes and patient outcomes, but are often of low quality. Guideline appraisal tools aim to help potential guideline users in assessing guideline quality. We conducted a systematic review of publications describing guideline appraisal tools in order to identify and compare existing tools. METHODS: Among others we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1995 to May 2011 for relevant primary and secondary publications. We also handsearched the reference lists of relevant publications. On the basis of the available literature we firstly generated 34 items to be used in the comparison of appraisal tools and grouped them into thirteen quality dimensions. We then extracted formal characteristics as well as questions and statements of the appraisal tools and assigned them to the items. RESULTS: We identified 40 different appraisal tools. They covered between three and thirteen of the thirteen possible quality dimensions and between three and 29 of the possible 34 items. The main focus of the appraisal tools were the quality dimensions "evaluation of evidence" (mentioned in 35 tools; 88%, "presentation of guideline content" (34 tools; 85%, "transferability" (33 tools; 83%, "independence" (32 tools; 80%, "scope" (30 tools; 75%, and "information retrieval" (29 tools; 73%. The quality dimensions "consideration of different perspectives" and "dissemination, implementation and evaluation of the guideline" were covered by only twenty (50% and eighteen tools (45% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Most guideline appraisal tools assess whether the literature search and the evaluation, synthesis and presentation of the evidence in guidelines follow the principles of evidence-based medicine. Although conflicts of interest and norms and values of guideline developers, as well as patient involvement, affect the trustworthiness of guidelines, they are currently

  8. Level and appraisal of fatigue are not specific in burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, A. van; Keijsers, G.P.J.; Verbraak, M.J.P.M.; Eling, P.A.T.M.; Becker, E.S.

    2015-01-01

    Fatigue is a main feature of the burnout syndrome but also very common in other psychiatric disorders such as major depression and anxiety disorders. This raises the question of whether the level and appraisal of fatigue is experienced differently by individuals suffering from burnout than by those

  9. Evolutionary Population Synthesis Models of Primeval Galaxies a Critical Appraisal

    CERN Document Server

    Buzzoni, A

    1997-01-01

    A theoretical approach relying on evolutionary population synthesis models could help refining the search criteria in deep galaxy surveys on the basis of a better knowledge of the expected apparent photometric properties of high-redshift objects. The following is a brief discussion reviewing some relevant aspects of the question in order to allow a more critical appraisal to primeval galaxy recognition.

  10. Level and appraisal of fatigue are not specific in burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, A. van; Keijsers, G.P.J.; Verbraak, M.J.P.M.; Eling, P.A.T.M.; Becker, E.S.

    2015-01-01

    Fatigue is a main feature of the burnout syndrome but also very common in other psychiatric disorders such as major depression and anxiety disorders. This raises the question of whether the level and appraisal of fatigue is experienced differently by individuals suffering from burnout than by those

  11. TO THE QUESTION OF THE INTEGRITY OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulezko A. V.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the main principles of the system approach and their use in the general disclosure mechanisms in the organization of the systems as holistic entities. Ontological and epistemological lines of the concept of the system and highlights the main properties of systems are reflected. Since the system acts as a form of organization of tangible and intangible objects, integrity is determined as the necessary property of sustainable living systems. The concept of sustainability from the point of view of general systems theory is considered, its types are distinguished. Features of the economic systems and the specificity of the concept of their stability is described. It is marked that the majority of biological, technical, economic and other complex systems are characterized by non-Gaussian distribution and as a necessary formal feature of consistency (integrity of the studied object the presence Zipf-distribution in the population can be used. Differences between the coenoses from deterministic systems and probabilistic objects are marked. Procedures performed in the course of the ranking analysis and the theoretical aspects of optimization of cenoses by holding an item or parametric optimization are considered. The proposals on the use of ranking analysis and rank distributions that are widely used for the study of technocenoses, in the research process and the formation of economic systems are promoted

  12. Thousand Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soon, Winnie; Pritchard, Helen

    2016-01-01

    In this work the network asks “If I wrote you a love letter would you write back?” Like the love letters which appeared mysteriously on the noticeboards of Manchester University’s Computer Department in the 1950s, thousands of texts circulate as computational processes perform the questions...... (perhaps as an expanded Turing test) on its listeners. These questions are extracted in real-time from Twitter with the keyword search of the ‘?’ symbol to create a spatio-temporal experience. The computerized voice the audience hears is a collective one, an entanglement of humans and non...

  13. 试论高校科研领导能力评价体系的建构%Discussion on the Construction of the Appraisal System for Leadership Skills of Scientific Research Section in Higher Education Sector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵飞

    2014-01-01

    目前,国内外还没有对高校科研领导能力评价问题进行专门研究,当前高校科研领导能力存在六项不足,因此,建构高校科研领导能力评价体系具有现实意义和理论意义。应该从当前高校科研领导能力五个评价主体的优势与不足出发,确立建构评价体系的五大原则和九方面的评价指标。%Currently ,not enough research has been done for the leadership skills of scientific research sec-tion in higher education sector at home and abroad .As the leadership in higher education sector existing as many as six shortages ,it is necessary to construct the appraisal system for leadership skills of scien-tific research .From the viewpoint of the advantage and disadvantage in the five appraisal subjects ,this paper suggests the five principles and nine standards as the index of appraisal system construction .

  14. Guidelines for the Development of E-Learning Systems by Means of Proactive Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, Javier; Ares, Juan; Garcia, Rafael; Rodriguez, Santiago; Seoane, Maria; Suarez, Sonia

    2008-01-01

    The current development approaches for e-learning systems fail to explain in a clear and consistent way the pedagogical principles that support them. Moreover, decisions with regard to the structuration of each component proposed by these approaches are mainly taken by the designer/developer. As a result, the ensuing e-learning systems reflect…

  15. Critical Questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worthy, Jo; Hoffman, James V.

    1998-01-01

    Offers responses from four readers of this journal, all reading and/or classroom teachers, to a question posed by another teacher: whether children who have had limited literacy experiences should start reading in whole-language readers and/or trade books or whether they should start in controlled-vocabulary preprimers. (SR)

  16. Thousand Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    (perhaps as an expanded Turing test) on its listeners. These questions are extracted in real-time from Twitter with the keyword search of the ‘?’ symbol to create a spatio-temporal experience. The computerized voice the audience hears is a collective one, an entanglement of humans and non...

  17. Designing a performance appraisal system based on balanced scorecard for improving productivity: Case study in Semnan technology and science park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hemati

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Today, organizations for holding and improving their competing merit use performance measurement for evaluation, control, supervision and improvement of their trading processes. Medium and small companies in technology and science parks are very useful in economic revivification and technology development. Technology and science parks have provided necessary consultations, information, suitable equipments, and services for developing technology unites and prepare them for independent presence in industry. One of the necessary elements for the success and improvement of performance in these companies is to establish and implement balanced scorecard, which can be used to reach desired goals, strategies and to improve performance. In this article, we use a structured method for calculating efficiency of four perspectives of balanced scorecard. Statistical society of this research was Semnan technology and Science Park and seven experts are selected for answering questions of the survey. We also complete questionnaire and determine index and relative importance of all indices. For developing strategic goals of Semnan technology and science park according to four perspectives of balanced score card (finance, growth and learning, internal process, six meetings were hold and finally all crisis macro goals index were identified and they were analyzed for evaluating performance.

  18. Performance Appraisal Applied to Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jefferson, Anne L.

    2010-01-01

    Performance appraisal is a measurement process of how well an individual is doing her or his job. In most organisations, this appraisal is an annual event. Generally, it is done to encourage job performance, to flag areas that need attention, to inform both parties as to expectations. Much of the literature speaks to this process in terms of the…

  19. 高职高专《护理学基础》实训考核体系的评价与分析%Evaluation on the Practical Training Appraisal System of Fundamental Nursing for Higer Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊凌; 王海廷; 刘静; 徐莹

    2012-01-01

      目的探讨高职高专《护理学基础》实训考核的方法并进行评价.方法建立高职高专《护理学基础》实训考核体系,通过对学生的问卷调查、考核体系建立前后护生的成绩以及实习单位等对该考核体系进行评价.结果①问卷调查:95.9%的学生对该考核体系持赞成和较赞成的态度;在16项评价内容中,3个年级赞成度最高的项目是“注重护士仪表形象”,达到了94%;赞成度最低的项目是“体现爱伤观念”.②成绩:考核体系建立前的3个年级的操作考核成绩为(73.41±8.61)分,建立后的3个年级学生的考核成绩为(76.73±11.54)分,二者比较有统计学意义(t=7.49,P <0.01).③实习单位:考核体系建立后,学生在“学以致用,重视基本技能的训练”、“团队协作能力”、“人际沟通能力”、“表端庄,谈吐文雅,行为得体”等方面得分高于建立前(P <0.01).结论建立的高职高专《护理学基础》实训考核体系具有较好的应用效果,能促进护生整体素质的提高.%  Objective To explore and evaluate the practical training appraisal system of Fundamental Nursing for higher vocational college students. Methods The practical training appraisal system of Fundamental Nursing for higher vocational college students was established and the evaluation on the system was conducted according to the results of questionnaires, the students’ performance before and after the implementation of the system and the appraisal from the workplace for student nurses. Results According to the questionnaires, about 95.9% of the surveyed students approved of the new appraisal system and 94% of the students from three grades approved the item of “image-conscious”, but very few of them approved of the deep-concern-about-injury idea. The average scores of practical training before and after the implementation of the new appraisal system were (73.41±8.61)and(76.73± 11

  20. Concept relation extraction using Naïve Bayes classifier for ontology-based question answering systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Suresh kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Domain ontology is used as a reliable source of knowledge in information retrieval systems such as question answering systems. Automatic ontology construction is possible by extracting concept relations from unstructured large-scale text. In this paper, we propose a methodology to extract concept relations from unstructured text using a syntactic and semantic probability-based Naïve Bayes classifier. We propose an algorithm to iteratively extract a list of attributes and associations for the given seed concept from which the rough schema is conceptualized. A set of hand-coded dependency parsing pattern rules and a binary decision tree-based rule engine were developed for this purpose. This ontology construction process is initiated through a question answering process. For each new query submitted, the required concept is dynamically constructed, and ontology is updated. The proposed relation extraction method was evaluated using benchmark data sets. The performance of the constructed ontology was evaluated using gold standard evaluation and compared with similar well-performing methods. The experimental results reveal that the proposed approach can be used to effectively construct a generic domain ontology with higher accuracy. Furthermore, the ontology construction method was integrated into the question answering framework, which was evaluated using the entailment method.

  1. Question analysis for Indonesian comparative question

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saelan, A.; Purwarianti, A.; Widyantoro, D. H.

    2017-01-01

    Information seeking is one of human needs today. Comparing things using search engine surely take more times than search only one thing. In this paper, we analyzed comparative questions for comparative question answering system. Comparative question is a question that comparing two or more entities. We grouped comparative questions into 5 types: selection between mentioned entities, selection between unmentioned entities, selection between any entity, comparison, and yes or no question. Then we extracted 4 types of information from comparative questions: entity, aspect, comparison, and constraint. We built classifiers for classification task and information extraction task. Features used for classification task are bag of words, whether for information extraction, we used lexical, 2 previous and following words lexical, and previous label as features. We tried 2 scenarios: classification first and extraction first. For classification first, we used classification result as a feature for extraction. Otherwise, for extraction first, we used extraction result as features for classification. We found that the result would be better if we do extraction first before classification. For the extraction task, classification using SMO gave the best result (88.78%), while for classification, it is better to use naïve bayes (82.35%).

  2. My Questions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    I have many questions.I think hard and cannot find the answers.I wonder what the world is in reality.Is there any answer to the mystery of the world?I ask what it is like to be outside the earth.Are there any people on other planets1?How many planets are there in the universe?I wonder a lot about this and that.

  3. 关于完善我国社会稳定风险评估机制的思考%Improving System of Risk Assessment of Social Stability by Drawing Lessons from Theory and Method of Social Appraisal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红爱

    2012-01-01

    介绍了现行社会稳定风险评估机制框架,对现行风险评估机制进行评析,借鉴社会评价理论与方法,提出完善社会稳定风险评估机制的有效途径。%In this paper,the author introduced active structure of system of risk assessment of social stability,and analyzed the system.Then,the author drew lessons from theory and method of social appraisal,and put forward effective approach of improving system of risk assessment of social stability.

  4. A Multi-Agent Question-Answering System for E-Learning and Collaborative Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alinaghi, Tannaz; Bahreininejad, Ardeshir

    2011-01-01

    The increasing advances of new Internet technologies in all application domains have changed life styles and interactions. E-learning and collaborative learning environment systems are originated through such changes and aim at providing facilities for people in different times and geographical locations to cooperate, collaborate, learn and work…

  5. An Appraisal of Qualifying Role of Hydraulic Heritage Systems: A Case Study of Qanat in the Central Iran

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fasihi Harandi, M.; De Vries, M.J.

    2014-01-01

    Hydraulic heritage systems, both underground and exposed, have been known to be sustainable for millennia. Persian and also Roman aqueducts are examples of such hydrosystems. Their value is often overlooked but they have undeniable advantages: they have functional interconnectedness with their surro

  6. Establishment of librarian performance appraisal index system in academic library%高校图书馆员工绩效考核指标体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩颖; 马路

    2014-01-01

    Objective To establish the scientific, rational and standard librarian performance appraisal index system in academic library in order to adjust their working behaviors, improve their service quality and increase the overall performance of library.Methods The current librarian performance appraisal situation was investigated according to the literature and on the field inspection.The appraisal indexes and their weight were established by Delphi and step analysis.Results The 3-scale appraisal index system was established, which include 4 No.1 indexes, 10 No. 2 indexes, and 59 No.3 indexes with their weight and score displayed.Conclusion The performance appraisal index system we established can effectively arouse the enthusiasm of librarians in scientific research innovation, manage-ment or social work.%目的:构建科学、合理、规范的高校图书馆员工绩效考核指标体系,使馆员能够自我调整工作行为,提高服务质量,提升图书馆的整体绩效水平。方法:通过文献研究和实地考察,了解目前图书馆的绩效考核现状,采用德尔菲法和层次分析法确定考核指标和权重。结果:构建了一套三级指标体系,包括4个一级指标、10个二级指标和59个三级指标,同时给出了各指标的权重和分值。结论:该考核指标体系能有效提高图书馆员工在科研创新、管理或社会工作等方面的积极性。

  7. Automatic Chinese Factual Question Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ming; Rus, Vasile; Liu, Li

    2017-01-01

    Question generation is an emerging research area of artificial intelligence in education. Question authoring tools are important in educational technologies, e.g., intelligent tutoring systems, as well as in dialogue systems. Approaches to generate factual questions, i.e., questions that have concrete answers, mainly make use of the syntactical…

  8. Analysis on Performance Appraisal System in Local Science Institute%论地方科研院所绩效考核方案的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆

    2011-01-01

    From four perspectives, which are characters of human resource, design principle of performance appraisal scheme, indexes design and the application to the results of appraisal, the thesis probes into the performance appraisal of local science institution. By all these efforts, the thesis draws a conclusion that local science institution with an aim to make performance appraisal effective, should have a strong basis of its characters, emphasis an open, fair, transparent circumstance and keep fair competition in some degree.%从人力资源特征、绩效考核方案的设计原则与考核指标的设计,以及考核结果的应用四个方面分析了地方科研院所的绩效考核。分析认为,地方科研院所的绩效考核要充分结合自身的特征,同时要注重公开公正与透明,保证内部公平性与适度竞争性,从而使绩效考核能够真正发挥作用。

  9. 重庆市基本药物和绩效考核制度的实施现况调查%Implementation of Essential Drug System and Performance Appraisal System in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周渠诺; 何坪; 殷丽霞; 吴建华; 陈祖禹

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects and challenges after implementation of essential drug system and performance appraisal system in Chongqing. Methods Altogether 19 community health service centers where essential drug system and performance appraisal system had been implemented were selected using purposive sampling method. Questionnaires and group interviews were conducted among the staff in charge. Results Out of the 19 organizations, 47. 4% prescribed all essential drugs, 42. 1% had disposed of all non - essential drugs, and 78. 9% of the downward referral patients could not obtain their needed drugs in the community health service centers. Number of outpatient visits increased in 15. 8% of the organizations. Revenue decrease and staff salary decrease occurred in 84. 2% and 68. 4% of the organizations, respectively. About 84. 2% of the staff were not satisfied with the current performance appraisal system. Conclusion Reform on essential drug list and human resources should be carried out in a more comprehensive manner. The essential drug list should be appropriately established and adjusted; meanwhile , it should be simultaneously implemented in hospitals and community health care organizations to ensure health care continuity. Performance appraisal system should be implemented along with basic health organization compensation system.%目的 了解重庆市基本药物和绩效考核制度的实施现况,为政府相关部门科学决策提供依据.方法 采用立意抽样方法抽取重庆市实施基本药物和绩效考核制度的19个社区卫生服务中心,采用问卷调查和小组访谈方法调查其机构负责人.结果 19个机构全部实施基本药物和绩效考核制度,47.4%的机构配全基本药物,42.1%的机构非基本药物全部下架;15.8%的机构门诊量增加,大医院转回社区的患者有78.9%不能在社区开到所需药品;84.2%的机构收入减少,68.4%的机构职工收入减少;84.2%的职工对

  10. Seafloor roughness estimation employing bathymetric systems: An appraisal of the classification and characterization of high-frequency acoustic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Bishwajit; Haris, K.

    2012-11-01

    The study of the seafloor is important for living and non-living resource estimation along with the related processes identification. To understand the fine-scale seafloor processes, various methods such as application of acoustic remote sensing, seafloor photographic and geological samplings are well established. Among these, the high-frequency single beam echo-sounding system (SBES) and multi-beam echo-sounding system (MBES) became more familiar due to their rapid data acquisition advantages. These systems are extensively used to study the seafloor morphology etc. Seafloor acoustic backscatter information provides fine-scale seafloor roughness and associated sediment processes. The angular and normal incidence backscatter strength data can be utilized to estimate seafloor roughness parameters using physics based numerical inversion models. However, for such applications, the segmentation of the backscatter data is essential, especially before initiating any numerical based models to characterize the seafloor. Under such situations, the employment of the soft-computational techniques e.g., artificial neural networks (ANNs) are found to be suitable for seafloor acoustic data segmentation and classifications. Seafloor studies are carried out at the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa during the last two decades employing similar techniques, and study results related to the seafloor classification and characterizations are documented in this research review.

  11. A critical appraisal of the zero-multipole method: Structural, thermodynamic, dielectric, and dynamical properties of a water system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Han; Nakamura, Haruki; Fukuda, Ikuo

    2016-03-21

    We performed extensive and strict tests for the reliability of the zero-multipole (summation) method (ZMM), which is a method for estimating the electrostatic interactions among charged particles in a classical physical system, by investigating a set of various physical quantities. This set covers a broad range of water properties, including the thermodynamic properties (pressure, excess chemical potential, constant volume/pressure heat capacity, isothermal compressibility, and thermal expansion coefficient), dielectric properties (dielectric constant and Kirkwood-G factor), dynamical properties (diffusion constant and viscosity), and the structural property (radial distribution function). We selected a bulk water system, the most important solvent, and applied the widely used TIP3P model to this test. In result, the ZMM works well for almost all cases, compared with the smooth particle mesh Ewald (SPME) method that was carefully optimized. In particular, at cut-off radius of 1.2 nm, the recommended choices of ZMM parameters for the TIP3P system are α ≤ 1 nm(-1) for the splitting parameter and l = 2 or l = 3 for the order of the multipole moment. We discussed the origin of the deviations of the ZMM and found that they are intimately related to the deviations of the equilibrated densities between the ZMM and SPME, while the magnitude of the density deviations is very small.

  12. A critical appraisal of the zero-multipole method: Structural, thermodynamic, dielectric, and dynamical properties of a water system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Han; Nakamura, Haruki; Fukuda, Ikuo

    2016-03-01

    We performed extensive and strict tests for the reliability of the zero-multipole (summation) method (ZMM), which is a method for estimating the electrostatic interactions among charged particles in a classical physical system, by investigating a set of various physical quantities. This set covers a broad range of water properties, including the thermodynamic properties (pressure, excess chemical potential, constant volume/pressure heat capacity, isothermal compressibility, and thermal expansion coefficient), dielectric properties (dielectric constant and Kirkwood-G factor), dynamical properties (diffusion constant and viscosity), and the structural property (radial distribution function). We selected a bulk water system, the most important solvent, and applied the widely used TIP3P model to this test. In result, the ZMM works well for almost all cases, compared with the smooth particle mesh Ewald (SPME) method that was carefully optimized. In particular, at cut-off radius of 1.2 nm, the recommended choices of ZMM parameters for the TIP3P system are α ≤ 1 nm-1 for the splitting parameter and l = 2 or l = 3 for the order of the multipole moment. We discussed the origin of the deviations of the ZMM and found that they are intimately related to the deviations of the equilibrated densities between the ZMM and SPME, while the magnitude of the density deviations is very small.

  13. Diseases of the nervous system among miners of the Far North and questions of prophylaxis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ignat' eva, A.G.

    1982-10-01

    In the Far North and arctic regions of the USSR mine workers experience effects on the organism of extreme meteorologic factors (low temperature, shortened daylight and permafrost) in addition to professional hazards of vibration and noise. Diets may be deficient in water-soluble vitamins necessary for normal functioning of the nervous system. For 4 years 3,575 miners of the Far North and Arctic were observed. At times, noise and vibration are more intense in areas of permafrost. Temperature of mine air in winter is -20 to -40/sup 0/C, in summer -4 to -15/sup 0/C. As miners adapt to work in cold climates, their resistance weakens. Data showed only 1% of miners developed vibrational disease. Major neuropathology was damage to the peripheral nervous system caused by osteochondrosis, particularly of the spine with or without inflammation of spinal nerve roots. Other neurological diseases (vascular pathology of brain, diffuse neuritis, cerebral arachnoiditis) were observed in miners of different professional groups. Preventive treatment is recommended: observation of hygienic norms of work; rational rearrangement of work regimens of sick miners; periodic work on related tasks; hospital rest; twice yearly study units on physical therapy, massage, conditioning; use of preventive measures. (5 refs.)

  14. A critical appraisal of the phene-plate biochemical fingerprinting system for epidemiological subtyping of Salmonella typhimurium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    On, S.L.W.; Baggesen, Dorte Lau

    1996-01-01

    The efficacy and reproducibility of the Phene-Plate (PhP) system (Biosys Inova, Stockholm, Sweden) for biochemical fingerprinting of Salmonella typhimurium was investigated. Duplicate and replicate assays on 40 epidemiologically related and unrelated strains were performed in two batches of PhP-48......P-types which are epidemiologically unjustified, (ii) tests currently recommended for PhP-typing S. typhimurium may be somewhat unstable and not satisfactory for fingerprinting purposes, (iii) caution must be exercised when comparing data from different batches of PhP-48 plates, and (iv) best results...

  15. MAPS Appraisal Report Form

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2005-01-01

    As announced in Weekly Bulletin 48/2004, from now onwards, the paper MAPS appraisal report form has been replaced by an electronic form, which is available via EDH (on the EDH desktop under Other Tasks / HR & Training) No changes have been made to the contents of the form. Practical information will be available on the web page http://cern.ch/ais/projs/forms/maps/info.htm, and information meetings will be held on the following dates: 18 January 2005: MAIN AUDITORIUM (500-1-001) from 14:00 to 15:30. 20 January 2005: AB AUDITORIUM II (864-1-D02) from14:00 to 15:30. 24 January 2005: AT AUDITORIUM (30-7-018) from 10:00 to 11:30. Human Resources Department Tel. 73566

  16. 12 CFR 34.45 - Appraiser independence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... staff appraiser, that appraiser must be independent of the lending, investment, and collection functions... perform an appraisal are involved in the lending, investment, or collection functions of the regulated institution, the regulated institution shall take appropriate steps to ensure that the appraisers exercise...

  17. 12 CFR 323.5 - Appraiser independence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... appraiser, that appraiser must be independent of the lending, investment, and collection functions and not... appraisal are involved in the lending, investment, or collection functions of the regulated institution, the regulated institution shall take appropriate steps to ensure that the appraisers exercise independent...

  18. 36 CFR 254.9 - Appraisals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements that meet the intent of Title XI, Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of... appraiser(s) shall provide to the authorized officer appraisals estimating the market value of Federal and... meeting the requirements of FIRREA. (b) Market value. (1) In estimating market value, the appraiser...

  19. 7 CFR 761.7 - Appraisals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... section describes Agency requirements for: (1) Real estate and chattel appraisals made in connection with... loans. (b) Appraisal standards. (1) Real estate appraisals, technical appraisal reviews and their... State Office) or other format containing the same information. (c) Use of an existing real...

  20. 7 CFR 762.127 - Appraisal requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... appraisals. A current real estate appraisal is required when real estate will be primary security. Agency... market or on the subject real estate and the appraisal was either completed within the past 12 months or... interest through the closing date, the appraisal must be completed by a State certified general...

  1. The role of Clinical Officers in the Kenyan health system: a question of perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mbindyo, Patrick; Blaauw, Duane; English, Mike

    2013-07-17

    Despite the increasing interest in using non-physician clinicians in many low-income countries, little is known about the roles they play in typical health system settings. Prior research has concentrated on evaluating their technical competencies compared to those of doctors. This work explored perceptions of the roles of Kenyan non-physician clinicians (Clinical Officers (COs). Qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (with COs, nurses, doctors, hospital management, and policymakers, among others), participant observation and document analysis were used. A nomothetic-idiographic framework was used to examine tensions between institutions and individuals within them. A comparative approach was used to examine institutional versus individual notions of CO roles, how these roles play out in government and faith-based hospital (FBH) settings as well as differences arising from three specific work settings for COs within hospitals. The main finding was the discrepancy between policy documents that outline a broad role for COs that covers both technical and managerial roles, while respondents articulated a narrow technical role that focused on patient care and management. Respondents described a variety of images of COs, ranging from 'filter' to 'primary healthcare physician', when asked about CO roles. COs argued for a defined role associated with primary healthcare, feeling constrained by their technical role. FBH settings were found to additionally clarify CO roles when compared with public hospitals. Tensions between formal prescriptions of CO roles and actual practice were reported and coalesced around lack of recognition over COs work, role conflict among specialist COs, and role ambiguity. Even though COs are important service providers their role is not clearly understood, which has resulted in role conflict. It is suggested that their role be redefined, moving from that of 'substitute clinician' to professional 'primary care clinician', with this

  2. Appraising options to reduce shallow groundwater tables and enhance flow conditions over regional scales in an irrigated alluvial aquifer system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morway, Eric D.; Gates, Timothy K.; Niswonger, Richard G.

    2013-01-01

    Some of the world’s key agricultural production systems face big challenges to both water quantity and quality due to shallow groundwater that results from long-term intensive irrigation, namely waterlogging and salinity, water losses, and environmental problems. This paper focuses on water quantity issues, presenting finite-difference groundwater models developed to describe shallow water table levels, non-beneficial groundwater consumptive use, and return flows to streams across two regions within an irrigated alluvial river valley in southeastern Colorado, USA. The models are calibrated and applied to simulate current baseline conditions in the alluvial aquifer system and to examine actions for potentially improving these conditions. The models provide a detailed description of regional-scale subsurface unsaturated and saturated flow processes, thereby enabling detailed spatiotemporal description of groundwater levels, recharge to infiltration ratios, partitioning of ET originating from the unsaturated and saturated zones, and groundwater flows, among other variables. Hybrid automated and manual calibration of the models is achieved using extensive observations of groundwater hydraulic head, groundwater return flow to streams, aquifer stratigraphy, canal seepage, total evapotranspiration, the portion of evapotranspiration supplied by upflux from the shallow water table, and irrigation flows. Baseline results from the two regional-scale models are compared to model predictions under variations of four alternative management schemes: (1) reduced seepage from earthen canals, (2) reduced irrigation applications, (3) rotational lease fallowing (irrigation water leased to municipalities, resulting in temporary dry-up of fields), and (4) combinations of these. The potential for increasing the average water table depth by up to 1.1 and 0.7 m in the two respective modeled regions, thereby reducing the threat of waterlogging and lowering non-beneficial consumptive use

  3. Benign prostatic hyperplasia and new treatment options – a critical appraisal of the UroLift system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McNicholas TA

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Thomas Anthony McNicholas1–3 1Section of Urology, Royal Society of Medicine, London, UK; 2Urology Department, Lister Hospital, East and North Herts NHS Trust, Stevenage, UK; 3Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts, UK Abstract: The prostatic urethral lift procedure, more commonly known as UroLift, has been designed to improve male lower urinary tract symptoms while avoiding the complications and disadvantages of existing drug and surgical therapies. In particular, UroLift does not damage ejaculatory function or affect orgasmic sensation. It appears an option for men who wish to avoid long-term drug therapy, the side effects of drugs or surgery and who do not need or will not accept traditional surgical treatments. UroLift was introduced following a series of planned studies that led to US Food and Drug Administration approval in September 2013. UroLift has recently been approved by the UK National Institute for Clinical and Health Excellence (September 2015 as effective and safe and cost-effective for use in the UK health system. This review describes the device and the procedure and the evidence base that has led to those approvals. Keywords: UroLift, prostatic urethral lift, LUTS prostatic hyperplasia, minimally invasive, BPH

  4. Application of information management system of performance appraisal in the operating room%信息化绩效管理体系在手术室中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔福荣

    2014-01-01

    目的:对手术室实行信息化绩效管理,为管理人员对护士进行绩效考核提供科学、便捷、有效的方法。方法利用手术麻醉临床系统、绩效考核软件以及结合护士年资、岗位、能级等,建立手术室信息化绩效管理体系,比较实行绩效考核前后各年度护士总请假天数;采用自行设计的满意度调查问卷进行满意度调查。结果信息化的绩效管理使护士配合排班意识增强,年请假天数由989 d下降至312 d;护士职业满意度达100%;手术患者满意度由79.69%上升为98.23%;绩效考核的平均时间由以前的(5.84±0.27)d下降为(1.04±0.64)d。结论手术室信息化绩效管理体系的建立与应用,调动了护士的工作积极性,保证了临床护理质量,提高了护士职业满意度以及麻醉医师、手术医师、手术患者的满意度,节约了绩效统计时间,提高了绩效考核效率。%Objective To establish the information management system of performance in the operating room, and provide scientific convenient and effective methods for performance appraisal for nurses . Methods According to anesthesia information management system , performance appraisal software , and the seniority, position, level of nurses etc, we established the information management system of performance appraisal in the operating room .We compared the total annual leave days before and after the application of information management system , and used the self-designed questionnaire to investigate the satisfaction . Results The information management of performance strengthened the consciousness of nurses following the arrangement , decreased the time of leaving from work from 989 days to 312 days.The career satisfaction of nurses was up to 100%.And the satisfaction of patients increased from 76.69%to 98.23%.Besides, the average time of performance appraisal decreased from (5.84 ±0.27) d to (1.04 ±0

  5. 《瓦尔登湖》选篇的评价系统探析%An Analysis of the Appraising System of the Excerpts from Walden

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞

    2011-01-01

    运用评价理论分析美国19世纪超验主义作家梭罗的代表作《瓦尔登湖》选章,具体分析其有别于记叙文或是说明文和议论文的细节,从而探讨英语散文的评价特征和篇章结构,以期更好地研究文体问题。%This study draws on the appraisal theory to analyze some excerpts from the American prose Walden by Henry David Thoreau,with the aim of elaborating the appraisal features and textual structures which distinguish prose from other genres such as narrative,expository or argumentative writing.

  6. Two Dimensions of Improving the Unified Management System of Forensic Appraisal%完善统一司法鉴定管理体制的两个维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁建建

    2009-01-01

    The expansion of litigants' procedural rights leads to an increasing change on the monopolistic power in the startup and commission of forensic appraisal, which promotes the forensic system to be more market-oriented and socialized. Before the industry management system comes into effect, it's necessary for the judicial administration department to perfect its unified management.Two critical dimensions should be considered: one is to unify the management organization and set up a unified registration system; the other is to construct the quality control system, based on certification and accreditation. The combina-tion of the two is the key to improve the unified management system of forensic appraisal.%现阶段完善统一管理体制过程中有两个主要问题需要解决,一是管理机构的统一,建立统一的登记名册制度;二是建立以认证认可为核心的质量管理体系,二者的有机结合是完善统一司法鉴定管理体制的关键.

  7. Reward and attitudes: The unintended outcomes of an effective performance appraisal

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Orientation: Focus was on the role of reward and attitudes as major determinants in enhancing the effectiveness of performance appraisal systems. Research purpose: To develop a structural model from the qualitative and quantitative findings from which to address the identified gaps in order to improve the effectiveness of appraisals. Motivation for the study: The attention that role players tended to give to the rewarding of employees during the appraisal process made it appear as the only im...

  8. 药用植物AM共生体系评价方法和关键技术的探讨%Discussion on appraisal methods and key technologies of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and medicinal plant symbiosis system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈美兰; 郭兰萍; 杨光; 陈敏; 杨立; 黄璐琦

    2011-01-01

    Applications of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in research of medicinal plant cultivation are increased in recent years. Medicinal plants habitat is complicated and many inclusions are in root, however crop habitat is simple and few inclusions in root. So appraisal methods and key technologies about the symbiotic system of crop and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi cant completely suitable for the symbiotic system of medicinal plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. This article discuss the appraisal methods and key technologies about the symbiotic system of medicinal plant and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from the isolation and identification of arbuscular mycorrhiza, and the appraisal of colonization intensity. This article provides guidance for application research of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in cultivation of medicinal plants.%近年来AM菌在中药栽培研究领域受到的关注增加,但是由于药用植物品种繁多、生境复杂多样、根系内含物多,而农作物生境单一,根系成分简单,因此有关从农作物AM共生体系的评价方法和关键技术并不能完全适合药用植物AM共生体系.作者分别从药用植物AM菌的分离鉴定、AM侵染强度评价等方面对药用植物AM共生体系的评价方法和关键技术进行了探讨,旨在对今后AM菌在药用植物栽培中的应用研究提供指导.

  9. On Affect System in Chinese Economic NewsReports and News Comments——A Contrastive Study under the Framework of Appraisal Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桂兰

    2012-01-01

    In order to reveal the fact that news discourse exists rich affective resources which make the text lack the feature of objectiveness, and to explore the phenomena that different types of news discourse have differences in amount, distributions, frequencies and realizations of affective resources, this thesis gives a contractive study of affective resources in both economic news reports and comments from the perspective of Appraisal Theory(AT).

  10. The English and northern (Sweden and Norway) systems regarding the questions posed by the white book; Les systemes anglais et nordiques (Suede et Norvege) au regard des questions posees dans le livre blanc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Secretariat d' Etat a l' Industrie [ed.] [Secretariat d' Etat a l' Industrie, Ministere de l' Economie, des Finances et de l' Industrie, Paris (France)

    1999-06-15

    This report issued at request of Ministry of Economy, Finances and Industry - State Secretariat for Industry, presents an analysis of the way the European countries have liberalized their markets, which will be used to answer the questions posed by the white book titled 'Towards the future organization of the French electricity sector'. In the United Kingdom the reform, initiated on 1 April 1990, occurred as a genuine revolution, with the blow-up of CEGB, the equivalent of EDF in France. In Swede and Norway the evolution was progressive; the electric industry was actually not nationalized and the local collectivities, often owners of the production means, have remained the prominent actors. Other characteristic of these countries is the abundance of natural energetic resources, especially for United Kingdom and Norway where the objective of the power policy is of turning profitable the existent potential and not as in France, where the problem is to cope with the consequences of the lack of natural resources. This report contains two parts. The first part presents the main characteristics of the liberalized systems. Indeed while in an integrated system the logic is 'top - down', in a liberalized system the logic is 'bottom - up' i.e., the coordination is based on the market in a decentralized way. The instrument of this coordination is a contract by which the risks are shared among the actors (producers, bankers, distributors, customers). The central actor of the liberalized system is the network authority, so-called 'independent' with rather large autonomy, nominated by the Minister in charge with the energy policy. The network authority has essentially two functions: control and surveillance. In United Kingdom this agency has among his duties the promotion of competition, particularly in production sector, considered as still having monopole capabilities. In Swede and Norway this authority contents itself of only issuing

  11. Discussion on the Improvement of State-owned Enterprises'Performance Appraisal System under Risk Management Angle%浅谈风险管理视角下国有企业绩效评价体系的完善

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓娟

    2011-01-01

    分析评估作为风险管理的一个重要组成部分,对于企业的风险管理有着重要的作用,本文在风险管理的视角下,对于国有企业绩效评价体系的完善问题做了一定的分析.%Risk evaluation as an important part of risk management plays an important role for enterprise's risk management.Under the angle of risk management, the paper analyzed the improvement issues about state-owned enterprise performance appraisal system.

  12. The Research of Competency Model-based Competency Appraisal System for Head Nurses%基于胜任力模型构建护士长胜任力评价体系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张喜维; 刘丽丽; 赵艳萍; 张庆陶; 许燕

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过科学、客观的方法结合我院的特点构建适合于我院护士长的岗位胜任力评价体系。方法通过文献回顾法和焦点团体法初步建立胜任力初级模型,然后再次通过文献回顾法对护士长胜任力模型中的各项特征进行具体行为和要点的描述,初步制定护士长评价体系,最后采用2轮Delphi法最终确定胜任力评价体系的指标及各级指标的权重。结果我院护士长胜任力评价体系包括一级指标特征群5项,二级指标特征27项,三级指标具体行为和要点描述62项,专家咨询具有权威性,可信度高。结论基于胜任力模型的我院护士长岗位评价体系可以为我院护士长考核提供科学的依据,还可为其提升自身的能力及素质提供明确的方向。%0bjective To develop a competency appraisal system for head nurses by scientific and objective method. Methods Preliminary competency model for head nurses was developed after literature review and focus group method. Then initial competency appraisal system for head nurses was developed after describing specifications and key points of each item in competency model for head nurses after literature review. Finally, the indicators and weights were determined by 2 rounds of Delphi consultations. Results The competency appraisal system for head nurses comprised 5 first-level indicators, 27 second-level indicators and 62 specifications and key points. The experts ’ authority and reliability were high. Conclusion The competency appraisal system for head nurses based on competency model provides a scientific foundation for the evaluation of head nurses and provides a clear direction to improve capacity for head nurses.

  13. 护士绩效考核指标体系的构建%Construction of nurse performance appraisal index system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玲; 程秀菊; 郝凯军; 王克芳

    2015-01-01

    目的 以量、质、效、技为基础,构建责任制整体护理模式下护士绩效考核指标体系.方法 通过专家访谈和Delphi专家函询完成指标体系构建;采用SPSS17.0进行数据统计及可靠性分析.结果 构建了包含层次系数、工作量分数、护理质量得分率和奖励金额4个Ⅰ级指标和12个Ⅱ级指标的护士绩效考核指标体系;确立了各部分计算方法;2轮函询专家积极系数为94.3%和100.0%,权威系数为0.83和0.84;各指标重要性和可操作性评分均数为4.27~5.00和4.26~4.94,变异系数为0.00~0.26和0.05~0.26;Ⅰ、Ⅱ级指标重要性和可操作性协调系数为0.13~0.43,协调系数显著性检验P<0.05.结论 该指标体系各维度的设计与现行的责任制整体护理模式相匹配,充分考虑了护士岗位管理、分层使用、责任护士包干患者、分级护理等诸多因素,关键指标代表性强,能充分体现多劳多得、优劳优酬、奖优罚劣的分配理念.%Objective This study aimed to construct an index system for nurse performance appraisal based on the quantity,quality,efficiency and technology in holistic nursing mode.Methods Expert interviews and Delphi expert enquiry were used to complete the construction of index system,and SPSS17.0 was used to do data statistics and reliability analysis.Results The nurse performance appraisal index system was constructed which contained 4 level-Ⅰ indicators such as level coefficient,nursing workload scores,nursing quality scoring rate and reward amount and 12 level-Ⅱ indicators.The calculation method of each part was also established.The expert positive coefficients were 94.3% and 100.0% respectively,the authority coefficients were 0.83 and 0.84,the importance and feasibility mean scores of every index were 4.27-5.00 and 4.26-4.94,and coefficients of variation were 0.00-0.26 and 0.05-0.26 in 2 rounds of enquiry.The importance of level-Ⅰ or level-Ⅱ indicators and

  14. A Kind of Information Processing Method in Linguistic-Value Appraisement of Enterprise Human Resource

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓红; 徐杨; 陈书伟

    2004-01-01

    Linguistic-value appraisement extensively exists in artificial intelligence and social system. In the appraisement of enterprise human resource, there is a great amount of linguistic-value information. In order to improve the reasonability of the result of appraisement of enterprise human resource, we need to study the methods for processing the linguistic-value information. In this paper, a 2-stages method is proposed for processing the linguistic-value appraisement of enterprise human resource. At the first stage, we choose the experts familiar with the related field according to the appraisement goal and problem. At the second stage, we combine the appraisement results by D-S evidence theory or LOWA operator according to the nature of linguistic variable.

  15. Multi-level fuzzy comprehensive appraisal on social effects of projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙立新; 李良宝; 李晓东; 王强

    2004-01-01

    The application of multi-level fuzzy comprehensive appraisal on social effects of projects has been studied. The principles for setting up an index system have been analyzed and the index system has been set up according to projects of construction. Models for multi-level fuzzy comprehensive appraisal have been offered and relative calculation steps have been given according to project instances.

  16. Argument-based medical ethics: a formal tool for critically appraising the normative medical ethics literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullough, Laurence B; Coverdale, John H; Chervenak, Frank A

    2004-10-01

    Although there are critical appraisal tools for other genres of the medical literature, there currently is no formal tool for physicians to use in their critical appraisal of the normative medical ethics literature. We present a formal assessment tool for the critical appraisal of the normative medical ethics literature that incorporates the intellectual standards of argument-based medical ethics and evidence-based medicine. We draw on the intellectual standards of argument-based ethics, ethical analysis and argument, and the literature on evidence-based medicine. The tool involves 4 questions about normative medical ethics papers: (1) Does the article address a focused ethics question? (2) Are the arguments that support the results of the article valid? (3) What are the results? (4) Will the results help me in clinical practice? Obstetrician-gynecologists can use this tool to appraise the normative literature of ethics in obstetrics and gynecology formally.

  17. 护理专业本科学生临床综合能力评价体系的构建%Construction of an appraisal system of clinical comprehensive competence for nursing undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旋; 陈璇; 段培蓓; 张园园

    2012-01-01

    Objective To establish an appraisal system of clinical comprehensive competence for nursing undergraduates.Methods The level construction tree model was established by questionnaire survey based on Delphi method,and the weights of each indicator in three grades were calculated.Results The appraisal system of clinical comprehensive competence for nursing undergraduates was ultimately established which contained 6 first-level indicators,21 second-level indicators and 69 third-level indicators.In third-level indicators,the indicators with the highest weight value was "The students can use the communication skills when assessing,carrying out,evaluating and giving health education",the indicators with the lowest weight value was "The research point had some value." and "The research novelty met needs".Conclusions The appraisal system is scientific and reliable,and can provide basis for appraising the clinical comprehensive competence for nursing undergraduates.%目的 构建护理专业本科学生临床综合能力评价体系.方法 采用德尔菲法(Delphi法)对25名护理专家针对护理专业本科学生临床综合能力评价体系的构建进行问卷调查,确定评价体系分层结构模型,并计算各级指标权重.结果 最终确定包含6个一级指标、21个二级指标、69个三级指标在内的护理专业本科学生临床综合能力评价体系.69个三级指标中,权重最高指标为“在评估、实施、评价和健康教育中能运用沟通技巧”,最低指标为“科研点有一定研究价值”和“科研查新符合要求”.结论 该评价体系科学、可靠,可为护理专业本科学生综合能力评价提供依据.

  18. Towards sustainable food systems: the concept of agroecology and how it questions current research practices. A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatt, S.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Multiple environmental and socio-economic indicators show that our current agriculture and the organization of the food system need to be revised. Agroecology has been proposed as a promising concept for achieving greater sustainability. This paper offers an overview and discussion of the concept based on existing literature and case studies, and explores the way it questions our current research approaches and education paradigms. Literature. In order to improve the sustainability of agriculture, the use of external and chemical inputs needs to be minimized. Agroecological farming practices seek to optimize ecological processes, thus minimizing the need for external inputs by providing an array of ecosystem services. Implementing such practices challenges the current structure of the food system, which has been criticized for its lack of social relevance and economic viability. An agroecological approach includes all stakeholders, from field to fork, in the discussion, design and development of future food systems. This inclusion of various disciplines and stakeholders raises issues about scientists and their research practices, as well as about the education of the next generation of scientists. Conclusions. Agroecology is based on the concept that agricultural practices and food systems cannot be dissociated because they belong to the same natural and socio-economic context. Clearly, agroecology is not a silver-bullet, but its principles can serve as avenues for rethinking the current approaches towards achieving greater sustainability. Adapting research approaches in line with indicators that promote inter- and transdisciplinary research is essential if progress is to be made.

  19. Analysis of Relationship in A Passage to India under the Appraisal Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Jia-yan

    2016-01-01

    Appraisal tells how speakers feel and think about other people or things. The resources of appraisal can function for ne-gotiating social relationship. Therefore, it is available to apply the Appraisal System to analyzing the discourses selected from A Passage to India that gains praise for its description about interpersonal relationship. Based on the appraisal expressions in this novel, factors influencing people's connection can be analyzed. Sincerity is an indispensible element of building relationship, but search of inner heart is the key to protecting and maintaining it.

  20. Etiopathogenesis of cataract: An appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varun B Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural eye lens is a crystalline substance to produce a clear passage for light. Cataract is opacity within the clear lens of the eye and is the dominant cause of socio-medical problem i.e., blindness worldwide. The only available treatment of cataract is surgery. However, insufficient surgical facilities in poor and developing countries and post-operative complications inspire researchers to find out other modes of treatment for cataract. In this review, an attempt has been made to appraise various etiological factors of cataract to make their perception clear to build up counterpart treatment. Present study is an assortment of various available literatures and electronic information in view of cataract etiopathogenesis. Various risk factors have been identified in development of cataracts. They can be classified in to genetic factors, ageing (systemic diseases, nutritional and trace metals deficiencies, smoking, oxidative stress etc., traumatic, complicated (inflammatory and degenerative diseases of eye, metabolic (diabetes, galactosemia etc., toxic substances including drugs abuses, alcohol etc., radiation (ultraviolet, electromagnetic waves etc. are implicated as significant risk factors in the development of cataract.

  1. HOW APPRAISERS DEVELOP FAIR VALUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIROSLAV ŠKODA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Management is responsible for its own financial decisions. If we take into account, that fair value concept was shown in financial crisis as something that does not work anymore in this way; there is a big need to develop it for the future. Non-professional readers of financial statements believe, however, that company financials are the work of the public accounting firm that had signed the audit certificate. The main reason for bringing this point up is that when companies disclose Fair Value (FV information in their financial statements, they are taking responsibility for the values disclosed. Management may often be encouraged to utilize the services of an outside professional, but at the end of the day, the outside appraiser is a hired gun. Although the appraiser has to take responsibility for his own work, hiring the appraiser does not absolve management of its ultimate responsibility. The obverse of this is also true. Management does not have to hire the appraiser to develop any fair value disclosures made in the financial statements. Developing FV information is not recommended as a do-it yourself undertaking, there is nothing in Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP or Securities Exchange Commission (SEC regulations, however, that requires an outside appraiser.

  2. 利益协调软系统方法论用于临床实习期间导师绩效考核的探讨%Probe into applying interests-coordination soft systems methodology for performance appraisal of tutors during clinical practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢建飞; 丁四清; 易琦峰

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing in - depth systematic characteristics of the adverse structure in tutor system,it put forward the thought by adopting the interests-coordination soft systems methodology (ISSM) for research on ideas of teacher performance appraisal issues. And it analyzed the basic compositions of performance appraisal system by adopting the logical steps of ISSM. The design of performance appraisal mode of the ISSM could handle "soft issues" occurred in performance appraisal of tutors timely and effectively. It could make up for deficiencies of the traditional design of performance appraisal, so as to enhance teaching quality and efficiency.%通过深入分析导师系统中的不良结构系统特性,提出了采用利益协调软系统方法论(ISSM)研究导师绩效考核问题的思路,并采用ISSM逻辑步骤分析绩效考核体系的基本构成.ISSM绩效考核模式的设计,使导师绩效考核中出现的"软问题"能得到及时有效的处理,弥补传统考核设计中的不足,从而有效提高教学质量和效率.

  3. Design of Performance Appraisal System in Financial Sector of Corporate%企业财务部门绩效考核体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高长忠

    2011-01-01

    众所周知,财务部门在企业经营管理中起到重要作用,尤其是在新经济时代,企业的成本控制和资本运作能力更是决定企业经营成败的关键环节.企业财务部门的绩效表现直接关系着整个企业的经营业绩和发展潜力,其战略地位显现无疑.本文从企业财务部门的工作特点和战略地位出发,吸收前人经验,整合各种理论,探索新思路、新方法,为企业财务部门绩效考核设计提出一些新的想法和可操作的规程,为企业财务部门绩效考核实务提供帮助,同时希望对企业整体绩效考核、其他部门绩效考核和员工个人绩效考核提供些许借鉴.%As we all know, the financial sector plays an impo rtant role in business management, especially in the new economy era. The cost control and capital operation ability of corporate are the key links to determine the success or failure of business. The performance of financial sector in corporate is directly related to business performance of the enterprise and development potential, so its strategic position is undoubtedly evident. From the characteristics and strategic position of finance departments in corporate, this paper absorbs previous experience, integrates all theory and explores new ideas, new methods, to put forward some new ideas and operational procedures for the design of performance appraisal enterprise financial sector, and provide help for performance appraisal practices. It hopes to provide some reference for the performance appraisal of enterprise and other departments and performance appraisal of employee.

  4. Analysis of the Application Effect in Nursing Management Performance Ap-praisal System%绩效考核制度在产科护理管理中的应用效果探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳芹

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究实行绩效考核制度在提高医疗护理质量和患者及其家属的满意度,减少产科患者并发症出现等方面的重要作用。方法执行护士长、组长和责任护士三级质量控制制度,产科病区成立3个专业护理小组,每一组设置1个专业组长,治疗及总务分别1组,每月专业医护小组组长与治疗总务分别将总结交给产科护士长,汇总包括存在问题和相关改进方法。将责任护士的绩效考核、责任组长与护士长检查工作中出现的问题相关联,绩效考核成绩和护士的月度奖金相关联,统计执行绩效考核制度前后12个月的护理状况,其中涵盖产科患者常见的并发症发生率、患者与患者家属满意度以及护理质量水平等。结果产科患者并发症发生率比绩效考核制度执行之前呈现出明显的降低,产科患者和患者家属满意度从前期的89.72%提高到98.96%。结论产科病房护士在执行绩效考核制度后有效降低了产科患者并发症的发生几率,提高了产科护士的护理质量及患者和患者家属的满意程度。%Objective To study the implementation of performance appraisal system in improving the quality of medical care and patient and family satisfaction, an important role in reducing the complications of obstetric patients. Methods Performs nurse, leader and responsible nurses three level quality control system and maternity ward was established three profession-al nursing team, setting of each group of one professional team leaders, treatment and general respectively in group 1, monthly professional medical team leader and treatment of general respectively will summarize give obstetric nurse, summa-ry including the problems and improvement methods. Associating a duty nurse performance appraisal, responsible leader and the head nurse inspection work problems, associated performance evaluations and nurses monthly bonus, statistical exe

  5. 49 CFR 24.103 - Criteria for appraisals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... appraisals. (a) Appraisal requirements. This section sets forth the requirements for real property... the remaining real property, where appropriate. (v) The effective date of valuation, date of appraisal...) appraiser to perform the appraisal, such appraiser shall be State licensed or certified in accordance...

  6. 基于绩效工资改革下高职院校绩效考核评价体系探索%Exploration on Evaluation System of Higher Vocational Colleges' Performance Appraisal Based on the Reform of Performance Pay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何旭曙

    2011-01-01

    The status and existing problems of performance appraisal in higher vocational colleges were dissected, evaluation system of relevant performance appraisal was proposed and feedback mechanism of performance appraisal was perfected in this thesis. It should take enterprise experts and first-line technical engineering personnel bring into main design of performance appraisal and establish performance appraisal model and feedback mechanism process of performance appraisal so that performance appraisal can veritably mobilize teaching and administrative staff's proactivity and stimulate their potentiality, enhance school-running vitality and competitiveness of higher vocational colleges, taking national backbone's full-time teacher of Shenzhen Institute of Information Technology.%本文就高职院校绩效考核现状及存在的问题进行了剖析,提出了相应的绩效考核评价体系,健全了绩效考核反馈机制.以国家骨干高职院校深圳信息职业技术学院专任教师为例,把企业专家和一线技术工程人员纳入绩效考核的主体设计中并建立了绩效考核模型及绩效考核反馈机制流程,使绩效考核真正能调动教职工主动性并激发其潜能,增强高职院校的办学活力和竞争力.

  7. Social Presence Approach Within the Question and Answering eLearning Model:An Experiment with a Multi-Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Avila

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The model of Questions Answering (Q&A for eLearning is based on collaborative learning through questions that are posed by students and their answers to that questions which are given by peers, in contrast with the classical model in which students ask questions to the teacher only. In this proposal we extend the Q&A model including the social presence concept and a quantitative measure of it is proposed; besides it is considered the evolution of the resulting Q&A social network after the inclusion of the social presence and taking into account the feedback on questions posed by students and answered by peers. The social network behaviorwas simulated using a Multi-Agent System to compare the proposed social presence model with the classical and the Q&A models.

  8. Authentic performance appraisal: when home is the workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Margaret; Lee, Susan

    2007-12-01

    Home care services have characteristics that are distinctive from other health care settings. Thus, they require different management systems to those traditionally used in institutional settings. Typical management models often require adaptation for home care services in areas such as staffing, education and support. This includes performance appraisal, where traditional models may be inappropriate when clinicians work alone, with little supervision. This article describes an experience of adapting a performance appraisal tool, in order to be more relevant for staff working in home-based care. The project arose from staff frustration with the expectation of management that a tool developed for institutional settings would be appropriate for the home setting. This frustration gave the impetus for developing a successful appraisal system, and because of staff involvement, the model was wholeheartedly embraced. The process of development is discussed, and the model explained, with commentary about its implementation in a home care service.

  9. Problem Solving Appraisal of Delinquent Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Ruperto M.; And Others

    The study investigated the following: (1) the relationship of problem solving appraisal to narcissistic vulnerability, locus of control, and depression; (2) the differences in problem solving appraisal, locus of control, and depression in first-time and repeat offenders; and (3) the prediction of problem solving appraisal by narcissistic…

  10. Appraisal and Selection for Digital Curation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinfang Niu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Based on existing appraisal/selection policies in libraries, archives, museum, social science and science data centers, this paper presents a generic appraisal/selection framework for digital curation. In presenting this framework, the author discusses how archival appraisal theories, methods, and criteria adapt to the general digital curation context.

  11. Approaches to Performance Appraisal in Student Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, J. Shay

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to outline models of performance appraisal in business, assess the current status of performance appraisal in higher education, review practices of business which are applicable in the higher education setting, and present a new model of performance appraisal, the DEVELOP model. (Contains 27 references.) (Author)

  12. 5 CFR 301.303 - Performance appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Performance appraisal. 301.303 Section....303 Performance appraisal. As soon as practicable, but beginning not later than January 1, 1984... in § 315.608(a), of this chapter in accordance with the agency's performance appraisal...

  13. Appraisal of family doctors: an evaluation study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lewis, M.I.; Elwyn, G.; Wood, F.

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Appraisal has evolved to become a key component of workforce management. However, it is not clear from existing proposals for appraisal of doctors whether employers, health authorities or primary care organisations should take responsibility for appraisal processes. AIMS: To evaluate the

  14. Self-Appraisal Based upon Supervisory Feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steel, Robert P.; Ovalle, Nestor K.

    1984-01-01

    Compared self-appraisals with instructions referencing supervisory feedback with conventional self-appraisals with personnel from a large institution (N=401) and two samples of military personnel (N=117). Results showed that Feedback Based Self Appraisals exhibited more agreement with superior ratings, and degree of feedback available moderated…

  15. Viewing Performance Appraisal with a Wide Angle Lens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVries, David L.

    The majority of empirical studies on performance appraisal (PA) systems focus on the search for the perfect form in which subjective traits are replaced by objective and job-relevant, measurable behaviors. Organizations using a PA system to evaluate their employees struggle with issues of implementation, adaptation, and linkage with other human…

  16. Performance appraisal and advancement exercise 2005

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Department

    2004-01-01

    The 2005 performance appraisal and advancement exercise will start in the usual way with annual interviews between staff and their supervisors. These interviews should be held in the period from 15 November 2004 to 15 February 2005 [see Administrative Circular No 26 (Rev. 5) Annex II, § 3. For this exercise, the paper MAPS form has been replaced by an electronic form in the EDH system, which is available via EDH (on the EDH desktop under Other Tasks / HR & Training) No changes have been made to the contents of the form. HR Department will shortly provide further information on this subject. Human Resources Department Tel. 73566

  17. 建立县级公立医院绩效评价体系的探讨——以重庆市为例%On the Establishment of Performance Appraisal System of Countylevel Public Hospital: Taking Chongqing as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游岚; 蒲川

    2011-01-01

    目的:为县级公立医院构建科学适用的绩效评价体系提供参考.方法:以重庆市为例,采用文献法和专家咨询法探讨县级公立医院的绩效评价体系的构建.结果:确立了县级公立医院构建绩效评价体系的方向和原则,应从经济效益和社会效益两个方向来建立指标,并遵循公正统一的原则.结论:以该方法建立县级公立医院绩效评价体系较为全面合理,对各项评价指标的建立有一定的方向性和参考价值.%OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the establishment of scientific performance appraisal system in county level public hospital.METHODS: Taking chongqing as an example, the establishment of performance appraisal system in the public hospital at county-level was discussed by means of literature and experts consultation.RESULTS: The direction and principle of performance appraisal system in the public hospital at county level were eonfirmed.The performance appraisal index should be confirmed in two directions: economic benefit and social benefit, and the equitable and unified principle should be followed.CONCLUSION:Performance appraisal system in the public hospital at county level with this method is comparatively overall and reasonable, which has certain directionality and reference value for setting up performance appraisal index.

  18. 基于平衡记分卡理论的科研绩效考核系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Research Performance Appraisal System Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周钰莹; 及俊川

    2013-01-01

    implementation of a performance appraisal system which is appropriate for research institutions by using MVC model based on Primeton Entriprise Operation System.

  19. Technical Safety Appraisal of the Rocky Flats Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Blake P.

    1989-01-01

    This report provides the results of a Technical Safety Appraisal (TSA) of the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) conducted November 14 to 18 and November 28 to December 9, 1988. This appraisal covered the effectiveness and improvements in the RFP safety program across the site, evaluating progress to date against standards of accepted practice. The appraisal included coverage of the timeliness and effectiveness of actions taken in response to the recommendations/concerns in three previous Technical Safety Appraisals (TSAs) of RFP Bldg. 707 conducted in July 1986, Bldgs. 771/774 conducted in October/November 1986, and Bldgs. 776/777 conducted in January/February 1988. Results of this appraisal are given in Section IV for each of 14 technical safety areas at RFP. These results include a discussion, conclusions and any new safety concerns for each technical safety area. Appendix A contains a description of the system for categorizing concerns, and the concerns are tabulated in Appendix B. Appendix C reports on the evaluation of the contractor's actions and the current status of each of the 230 recommendations and concerns contained in the three previous TSA reports.

  20. Psychotherapy: A 40-Year Appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garfield, Sol L.

    1981-01-01

    Appraises selected issues and developments in the field of psychotherapy since 1940. Discusses increased participation of clinical psychologists in the area of psychotherapy, increased popularity of psychotherapy, declining influence of psychoanalysis and related views, emergence of behavioral and cognitive therapies, and recent emphasis on…

  1. Self-appraisal of hockey players of high class of different playing position

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksiy Mikhnov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to expose the features of display of self-appraisal for the hockey players of high class of different playing position. Material and Methods: for the exposure of level of self-appraisal for hockey players, information of sportsmen of high class, taking part in the matches of the Kontinental hockey league (KHL in a season 2013–2014 was probed sixteen hockey players, having a sporting digit MS and MSWC, took part in researches. Methods were used: pedagogical supervision, pedagogical analysis and generalization of front-rank experience, psychological testing, analysis of data of the special scientific-methodical literature, expert questioning, an analysis of data is the Internet. Results: findings allowed to set that the players of line of attack (central and extreme forward have more high level of self-appraisal for certain, than players of defence and hockey goalkeepers. This tendency is looked over both on the separate constituents of self-appraisal and on the whole on all spectrums of the studied indexes. The got results of researches rotined that the hockey players of high class had or middle or high level of self-appraisal. Among testable hockey players, players were not exposed with the low level of self-appraisal. Conclusions: the exposed distinctions in the level of self-appraisal of hockey players of high class can be used for diagnostics of playing predisposition and choice of playing line of business in a command.

  2. Analysis Mr. Cameron’s speech to retain of Scotland Based on Appraisal System%基于评价理论对卡梅伦挽留苏格兰演讲的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽丽

    2015-01-01

    On the basis of Function system,the Appraisal system explores and extends more.This research analyzes Cameron’s speech on Scotland issues,proving that speech is an effective tool in politics.%评价理论以韩礼德的系统语法为基础,并对其进行补充与扩展。研究应用该理论的态度及级差两大系统对卡梅伦挽留苏格兰演说进行分析,证明评价理论是证明演讲者立场的有效工具。

  3. 面向软件交付的绩效评估系统应用研究%Application research of performance appraisal system oriented to software delivery process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁长兴; 刘杰; 李航; 杜庆东

    2011-01-01

    针对软件交付过程中绩效考核不规范的问题,根据给定的软件交付过程模型,利用关键绩效指标的考核体系,设计了绩效评估系统,给出了关键指标和相应权重的选取和设定过程.系统根据给出的各个阶段的指标体系和权重,应用模糊综合评价的方法,对各个阶段各个指标的评价成绩和总成绩进行绩效评估,实现了对软件项目的量化管理.最后分析了系统的应用对软件项目的影响.%Aiming at the irregularities of the performance appraisal during software delivery process, according to a given model of software delivery process, using key performance indicators evaluation system, a performance appraisal system is designed. It also gives the process of selection for the key performance indication and the corresponding weight setting. This system can evaluate performance of each stage and the whole process with the evaluation scores of the indicators through fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method and the indicator and weight in the various stages, and realizes the quantitative software project management. Finally, the impact on software projects of the system application is analyzed.

  4. The European system and the Egyptian question 1827-1841 : a study in the theory of balance of power

    OpenAIRE

    Abd El Sattar El Badri, Mohammed

    1996-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of International Relations and Institute of Economics and Social Sciences, Bilkent Univ., 1996. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Bilkent University, 1996. Includes bibliographical references leaves 289-295. This work aims at explaining the events of the Egyptian Question through the tools of balance of power theory. It is the main hypothesis of this work that the Egyptian Question affected the balance of power in Europe, i.e. Equilibrium, and therefore, was subjecte...

  5. How to critically appraise the clinical literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, Paul; Rawson, James V; Heilbrun, Marta E; Lee, Janie M; Kelly, Aine M; Sanelli, Pina C; Bresnahan, Brian W; Paladin, Angelisa M

    2014-09-01

    Recent efforts have been made to standardize the critical appraisal of clinical health care research. In this article, critical appraisal of diagnostic test accuracy studies, screening studies, therapeutic studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, cost-effectiveness studies, recommendations and/or guidelines, and medical education studies is discussed as are the available instruments to appraise the literature. By having standard appraisal instruments, these studies can be appraised more easily for completeness, bias, and applicability for implementation. Appraisal requires a different set of instruments, each designed for the individual type of research. We also hope that this article can be used in academic programs to educate the faculty and trainees of the available resources to improve critical appraisal of health research.

  6. Appraisal-emotion relationships in daily life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nezlek, John B; Vansteelandt, Kristof; Van Mechelen, Iven; Kuppens, Peter

    2008-02-01

    Using a daily process design, the present study examined relationships between momentary appraisals and emotional experience based on Smith and Lazarus' (1993) theory of emotions (1993). Nine times a day for 2 weeks, participants (N = 33, 23 women) recorded their momentary experience of 2 positive emotions (joy, love) and 4 negative emotions (anger, guilt, fear, sadness) and the core relational theme appraisal contents Smith and Lazarus hypothesized as corresponding to these emotions. A series of multilevel modeling analyses found that the hypothesized relationships between appraisal contents and these emotions were stronger than relationships between contents and other emotions, although appraisals were related to other emotions in many cases. Moreover, there were some individual differences in the strength of these relationships. These results suggest that there are no one-to-one relationships between appraisal contents and specific emotional experiences, and that specific emotions are associated with different appraisal contents, and that specific appraisals are associated with different emotions.

  7. Analysis of Appraising Agricultural Intangible Asset Value by Cost Method

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Xiao-Juan

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of describing the connotation of agricultural intangible asset and cost method, the technical ideas of appraising by cost method are introduced. The article analyzes the advantages (simple appraisal principle and easy to understand and grasp; overall consideration of various factors related to appraisal result value) and disadvantages (high appraisal cost; difficult to appraise and grasp various appraisal factors) of appraising by cost method. The article also summarizes the prec...

  8. Critical appraisal: adhesive-composite incompatibility, part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Ricardo M; Garcia, Fernanda Cristina P; E Silva, Safira M A; Castro, Fabrício L A

    2005-01-01

    Apart from some questions related to the repairability of resin composite restorations, dentists have always assumed that methacrylate-based resins are compatible with each other. For example, there is no clinically relevant problem in using a microfilled composite to laminate a Class IV restoration made with a hybrid composite, even if they are not of the same brand or manufacturer. In the context of adhesive systems, we have always believed that resin composites, regardless of their type or composition, bond well to all types of bonding agents. However, unexpected debonding of self-cured, core buildup composites that had been bonded with single-bottle adhesive systems was reported about 5 years ago. Subsequent studies demonstrated that there were, indeed, compatibility problems between simplified adhesive systems and self- or dual-cured resin composites. Apparently, when such combinations are used, reduced bond strengths and subsequent failures at the resin-adhesive interface can occur because of adverse reactions between the acidic resin monomers, an integral part of the simplified adhesive systems, and the chemicals involved in the polymerization mechanism of the self- or dual-cured composites, particularly the basic tertiary amines. At least one research group has expanded the information on this issue by further investigating the mechanisms involved in this phenomenon. This group demonstrated that not only adverse chemical reactions but also the permeability of such simplified systems contribute to the compromised bonding. This issue has profound clinical implications in view of the wide use of self- and dual-cured composites as core buildup materials and in the bonding of indirect restorations and endodontic posts. Some of the most representative studies of this group are described in this Critical Appraisal. Part II will appear in the next issue of the Journal.

  9. Analysis of Application Effect of Performance Appraisal System in the Nursing Management in the Department of Obstetrics%绩效考核制度在产科护理管理中的应用效果探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛英

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the application effect of performance appraisal system in the nursing management in the de-partment of obstetrics. Methods 32 nurses in the department of obstetrics in our hospital were selected and divided into two groups with 16 cases in each, the control group adopted conventional appraisal system, the observation group adopted per-formance appraisal system, the satisfactory degree, health education effect, rate of pure breast-feeding after leaving hospital , occurrence case with nursing defect in the department of obstetrics before and after implementation and nursing quality in the department of obstetrics before and after implementation were compared between the two groups. Results The satisfacto-ry degree, health education effect score and rate of pure breast-feeding after leaving hospital in the observation group were better than those in the control group [ 80%, (69.75±4.89), 75% vs 98%, (88.75±7.89), 96%], the defect case after imple-mentation in the control group was obviously higher than that in the observation group, and the nursing quality in the de-partment of obstetrics after implementation in the observation group was better than that in the control group, and the dif-ferences between the two groups were obvious with statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion The performance appraisal system can improve the work efficacy of nursing staff in the nursing management in the department of obstetrics, rationally allocate the time, improve the work quality, which is of great significance to the department management.%目的:探究绩效考核制度在产科护理管理中的应用效果。方法选取该院产科32位护士,分为对照组和观察组,各16位;对照组采取常规考核制度,观察组采取绩效考核制度,比较两组的患者满意度,健康教育效果,出院纯母乳喂养率,实施前后产科护理缺陷发生例数,实施前后的产科护理质量。结果对

  10. TECHNOECONOMIC APPRAISAL OF INTEGRATED GASIFICATION COMBINED-CYCLE POWER GENERATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report is a technoeconomic appraisal of the integrated (coal) gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) system. lthough not yet a proven commercial technology, IGCC is a future competitive technology to current pulverized-coal boilers equipped with SO2 and NOx controls, because of i...

  11. TECHNOECONOMIC APPRAISAL OF INTEGRATED GASIFICATION COMBINED-CYCLE POWER GENERATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report is a technoeconomic appraisal of the integrated (coal) gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) system. lthough not yet a proven commercial technology, IGCC is a future competitive technology to current pulverized-coal boilers equipped with SO2 and NOx controls, because of i...

  12. 2+2 Program for Teachers' Performance Appraisal in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shuli

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the impact of the 2+2 Alternative Teacher Performance Appraisal System that has been implemented in Shanxi province in China. A mixed research design was used to evaluate the program. Six high schools and a total of 78 teachers (13 teachers in each school) in Shanxi province were selected. Three of the schools participated in…

  13. A psychometric appraisal of the DREEM

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hammond, Sean M

    2012-01-12

    Abstract Background The quality of the Educational environment is a key determinant of a student centred curriculum. Evaluation of the educational environment is an important component of programme appraisal. In order to conduct such evaluation use of a comprehensive, valid and reliable instrument is essential. One of most widely used contemporary tools for evaluation of the learning environment is the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM). Apart from the initial psychometric evaluation of the DREEM, few published studies report its psychometric properties in detail. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric quality of the DREEM measure in the context of medical education in Ireland and to explore the construct validity of the device. Methods 239 final year medical students were asked to complete the DREEM inventory. Anonymised responses were entered into a database. Data analysis was performed using PASW 18 and confirmatory factor analysis performed. Results Whilst the total DREEM score had an acceptable level of internal consistency (alpha 0.89), subscale analysis shows that two subscales had sub-optimal internal consistency. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (using Fleming\\'s indices) shows an overall fit of 0.76, representing a weak but acceptable level of fit. 17 of the 50 items manifest fit indices less than 0.70. We sought the best fitting oblique solution to the 5-subscale structure, which showed large correlations, suggesting that the independence of the separate scales is open to question. Conclusions There has perhaps been an inadequate focus on establishing and maintaining the psychometric credentials of the DREEM. The present study highlights two concerns. Firstly, the internal consistency of the 5 scales is quite variable and, in our sample, appears rather low. Secondly, the construct validity is not well supported. We suggest that users of the DREEM will provide basic psychometric appraisal of the device in future

  14. A psychometric appraisal of the DREEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hammond Sean M

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The quality of the Educational environment is a key determinant of a student centred curriculum. Evaluation of the educational environment is an important component of programme appraisal. In order to conduct such evaluation use of a comprehensive, valid and reliable instrument is essential. One of most widely used contemporary tools for evaluation of the learning environment is the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM. Apart from the initial psychometric evaluation of the DREEM, few published studies report its psychometric properties in detail. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric quality of the DREEM measure in the context of medical education in Ireland and to explore the construct validity of the device. Methods 239 final year medical students were asked to complete the DREEM inventory. Anonymised responses were entered into a database. Data analysis was performed using PASW 18 and confirmatory factor analysis performed. Results Whilst the total DREEM score had an acceptable level of internal consistency (alpha 0.89, subscale analysis shows that two subscales had sub-optimal internal consistency. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (using Fleming's indices shows an overall fit of 0.76, representing a weak but acceptable level of fit. 17 of the 50 items manifest fit indices less than 0.70. We sought the best fitting oblique solution to the 5-subscale structure, which showed large correlations, suggesting that the independence of the separate scales is open to question. Conclusions There has perhaps been an inadequate focus on establishing and maintaining the psychometric credentials of the DREEM. The present study highlights two concerns. Firstly, the internal consistency of the 5 scales is quite variable and, in our sample, appears rather low. Secondly, the construct validity is not well supported. We suggest that users of the DREEM will provide basic psychometric appraisal of the

  15. Deliberative Mapping of options for tackling climate change: Citizens and specialists 'open up' appraisal of geoengineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellamy, Rob; Chilvers, Jason; Vaughan, Naomi E

    2016-04-01

    Appraisals of deliberate, large-scale interventions in the earth's climate system, known collectively as 'geoengineering', have largely taken the form of narrowly framed and exclusive expert analyses that prematurely 'close down' upon particular proposals. Here, we present the findings from the first 'upstream' appraisal of geoengineering to deliberately 'open up' to a broader diversity of framings, knowledges and future pathways. We report on the citizen strand of an innovative analytic-deliberative participatory appraisal process called Deliberative Mapping. A select but diverse group of sociodemographically representative citizens from Norfolk (United Kingdom) were engaged in a deliberative multi-criteria appraisal of geoengineering proposals relative to other options for tackling climate change, in parallel to symmetrical appraisals by diverse experts and stakeholders. Despite seeking to map divergent perspectives, a remarkably consistent view of option performance emerged across both the citizens' and the specialists' deliberations, where geoengineering proposals were outperformed by mitigation alternatives.

  16. A Study on the Appraisal about the Medical Practitioners of the Cooperative Medical System during the Period of Collectivization%关于集体化时代农村合作医疗中医务人员的评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王美美

    2012-01-01

    关于农村医务人员的评价问题是集体化时代农村合作医疗研究的一项重要内容。对医务人员的评价应从其选拔、培养、业务素质及医务人员退出三级医疗保健网等角度进行。在集体化时代农村合作医疗中,医务人员的选拔普遍强调政治品质和出身,旧的医疗资源没有得到利用,医务人员的政治学习远重于专业学习。从全国来看,农村医务人员的知识和业务水平是比较差的,但农村医务人员后来经过不断的复训和轮训,大部分人的医术得到很大的提高。%The appraisal about the medical practitioners in the Chinese villages is the important content of the research about Co- operative Medical System during the Period of Collectivization. We can appraise the medical staff from these selections, training, and professional quality and exiting from three grade health care network. In this system , the selection of medical staff emphasize on quali- ty and origin of political, political learning is far more important than professional learning , knowledge and professional standards of the medical staff is relatively poor from nationwide . But later by continuous refresher and rotational training, most of the medical staffr s professional standard has been greatly improved in rural areas.

  17. An Analysis of the Novel“Awakening” Using Appraisal Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    The paper mainly uses the attitude sub-system of the appraisal theory combining with rank scale to analyze the awakening process of Edna, the heroine in the novel“Awakening”. The article uses the emotion system to analyze Edna’s different love views before and after her awakening, resorts to the judgment system to show Edna’s deep loneliness accompanying her during her whole awakening process, and employs the appreciation system to explore the awakening of Edna’s sexuality.

  18. Using Eight Key Questions as an Inquiry-Based Framework for Ethical Reasoning Issues in a General Education Earth Systems and Climate Change Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, E. A.; Ball, T. C.

    2014-12-01

    An important objective in general education geoscience courses is to help students evaluate social and ethical issues based upon scientific knowledge. It can be difficult for instructors trained in the physical sciences to design effective ways of including ethical issues in large lecture courses where whole-class discussions are not practical. The Quality Enhancement Plan for James Madison University, "The Madison Collaborative: Ethical Reasoning in Action," (http://www.jmu.edu/mc/index.shtml) has identified eight key questions to be used as a framework for developing ethical reasoning exercises and evaluating student learning. These eight questions are represented by the acronym FOR CLEAR and are represented by the concepts of Fairness, Outcomes, Responsibilities, Character, Liberty, Empathy, Authority, and Rights. In this study, we use the eight key questions as an inquiry-based framework for addressing ethical issues in a 100-student general education Earth systems and climate change course. Ethical reasoning exercises are presented throughout the course and range from questions of personal behavior to issues regarding potential future generations and global natural resources. In the first few exercises, key questions are identified for the students and calibrated responses are provided as examples. By the end of the semester, students are expected to identify key questions themselves and justify their own ethical and scientific reasoning. Evaluation rubrics are customized to this scaffolding approach to the exercises. Student feedback and course data will be presented to encourage discussion of this and other approaches to explicitly incorporating ethical reasoning in general education geoscience courses.

  19. Guiding Students to the Right Questions: Adaptive Navigation Support in an E-Learning System for Java Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, I.-H.; Sosnovsky, S.; Brusilovsky, P.

    2010-01-01

    Rapid growth of the volume of interactive questions available to the students of modern E-Learning courses placed the problem of personalized guidance on the agenda of E-Learning researchers. Without proper guidance, students frequently select too simple or too complicated problems and ended either bored or discouraged. This paper explores a…

  20. Guiding Students to the Right Questions: Adaptive Navigation Support in an E-Learning System for Java Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, I.-H.; Sosnovsky, S.; Brusilovsky, P.

    2010-01-01

    Rapid growth of the volume of interactive questions available to the students of modern E-Learning courses placed the problem of personalized guidance on the agenda of E-Learning researchers. Without proper guidance, students frequently select too simple or too complicated problems and ended either bored or discouraged. This paper explores a…

  1. The Answering System to Yes-No Truth-Functional Questions in Korean-English Bilingual Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Hansook

    2014-01-01

    This study presents an experiment that explores the patterns of answers to yes-no truth-functional questions in English and Korean. The answering patterns are examined from 12 Korean-English bilingual children and 10 Korean-monolingual children. Four types of sentences in relation to given situations (Wason in "Br J Psychol" 52:133-142,…

  2. 海峡两岸刑事鉴定制度比较与借鉴——以刑事诉讼法修正案为视角%Comparison and Reference of the Criminal Judicial Appraisal System between Taiwan and Mainland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈在祥

    2012-01-01

      在当代刑事诉讼中,法律之外的问题越来越依赖其他学科加以解决,刑事鉴定制度已经成为刑事诉讼制度的重要组成部分,也是实现程序公正和实体正义的基本要素。通过比较大陆与我国台湾地区刑诉法关于鉴定人的法律地位、刑事鉴定启动权、鉴定意见质证与证明、鉴定人权利保护等方面的异同,可以更好地完善大陆地区刑事鉴定制度。%  Finding the facts of the law in the contemporary criminal proceeding, it increasingly depends on other subjects. The criminal judicial appraisal system has not only become an important part of the criminal proceeding system, but also become the basic elements of procedural justice and substantive justice. In order to improve and perfect the criminal judicial appraisal system of Mainland, we can study the similarities and difference between Taiwan and Mainland on the legal status of the appraiser, the initiator of criminal judicial expertise, cross-examination and proof of expert's opinion, the rights protection of appraiser and other aspects.

  3. From appraisal to motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudkovsky V. N.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Some aspects related to identifying the level of the necessary personnel competence and motivation on introdusing the quality managament system in research and production enterprises are quoted.

  4. 36 CFR 228.48 - Appraisal and measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... MINERALS Disposal of Mineral Materials General Provisions § 228.48 Appraisal and measurement. (a) Appraisal. All mineral materials for sale must be appraised to determine fair market value. Appraisals must be... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appraisal and measurement...

  5. Registered nurse participation in performance appraisal interviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Deborah Gail; Wood, Elizabeth E

    2007-01-01

    Performance appraisal interviews have, over the past two decades, become a common phenomenon in nursing. Yet evidence--both anecdotal and those reported in the literature--suggest that these interviews provide minimal satisfaction and are thus not always effective. This article presents the findings of an interpretive study that explored and documented the meaning and impact of participating in performance appraisal interviews. Data gleaned from nine New Zealand registered nurses employed by a single district health board provide evidence that nurses are often disappointed by the process of performance appraisal. Although they believe in the potential value of performance appraisal interviews, they seldom experience the feedback, direction, and encouragement necessary for an effective appraisal process. Changes to the current professional development program and its accompanying performance appraisal will require skilled commitment on the part of nurses, managers, and the employing organization to improve and develop the assessment and promotion of nursing practice.

  6. Quantum theory from questions

    CERN Document Server

    Hoehn, Philipp A

    2016-01-01

    We reconstruct the explicit formalism of qubit quantum theory from elementary rules on an observer's information acquisition. Our approach is purely operational: we consider an observer O interrogating a system S with binary questions and define S's state as O's `catalogue of knowledge' about S; no ontic assumptions are necessary. From the rules we derive the state spaces for N qubits and show that (a) they coincide with the set of density matrices over N qubit Hilbert spaces; (b) states evolve unitarily under the group $\\rm{PSU}(2^N)$ according to the von Neumann evolution equation; and (c) the binary questions by means of which O interrogates the systems corresponds to projective measurements on Pauli operators with outcome probabilities given by the Born rule. Besides offering a novel conceptual perspective on qubit quantum theory, the reconstruction also unravels new structural insights. Namely, we show that, in a quadratic information measure, (d) qubits satisfy informational complementarity inequalities...

  7. Theory and Methodology of Appraisal of Enterprise Economic Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadvornaya Gyul’nara Gazanfarovna

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The functioning of an enterprise is based on building and use of its economic potential. The company’s performance depends on the quality of these processes. Modern conditions of highly dynamic operating environment put demands on the search and application of new approaches to the building and use of economic potential of enterprises which provide opportunities for identifying and using internal economic growth reserves. An important economic parameter of the enterprise operation is the appraisal of economic potential formation and use effectiveness. Lack of economic control mechanisms scientifically proved for market management conditions and appraisal of the enterprises’ state in terms of efficiency of economic resources formation and use diminish investment activity and the competitiveness of economic entities. This necessitates the search for new methods and models for appraising economic potential, which defines economic independence as a system of management impacts on the economic state and development of an enterprise. All these factors indicate the relevance of further studies of enterprise economic potential, the mechanism of its functioning, the development of a system of management decisions aimed at effective formation and use of the enterprise economic potential. The aim of the study is to evaluate theoretical and methodological approaches to the enterprise economic potential and form methodological principles for its appraisal and effective functioning. During the study, the authors carried out a retrospective evaluation and systematization of theoretical and methodological approaches to the appraisal of enterprise economic potential. It has been determined that properties of enterprise economic potential, namely, consistency, which implies the study of interaction and mutual influence of system elements, were understudied. The study presents a methodical approach to appraising enterprise economic potential and its effective

  8. Appraisal patterns of envy and related emotions

    OpenAIRE

    van de Ven, Niels; Zeelenberg, Marcel; Pieters, Rik

    2011-01-01

    Envy is a frustrating emotion that arises from upward social comparison. Two studies investigated the appraisals that distinguish benign envy (aimed at improving one’s own situation) from malicious envy (aimed at pulling down the superior other). Study 1 found that appraisals of deservingness and control potential differentiated both types of envy. We manipulated these appraisals in Study 2 and found that while both did not influence the intensity of envy, they did determine the type of envy ...

  9. Test Takers' Performance Appraisals, Appraisal Calibration, and Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategy Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phakiti, Aek

    2016-01-01

    The current study explores the nature and relationships among test takers' performance appraisals, appraisal calibration, and reported cognitive and metacognitive strategy use in a language test situation. Performance appraisals are executive processes of strategic competence for judging test performance (e.g., evaluating the correctness or…

  10. 高等学校题库建设系统%Building system of test questions for institutions of higher learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝立柱

    2001-01-01

    The author developes a building system of test questions, which has international standardsfor the typesetting of papers of science and technology, under the environment of VB and Latex. The system can be used in any institutions of higher learning.%在VB环境及Latex排版环境下开发的具有国际标准科技文章排版水平的题库建设系统

  11. Square Pegs and Round Holes: Ruminations on the Relationship between Performance Appraisal and Performance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravina, Nicole E.; Siers, Brian P.

    2011-01-01

    Models of comprehensive Performance Management systems include both employee development and evaluative components. The Organizational Behavior Management discipline focuses almost exclusively on the developmental component, while the Industrial and Organizational Psychology discipline is focused on use of performance appraisals. Performance…

  12. Square Pegs and Round Holes: Ruminations on the Relationship between Performance Appraisal and Performance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravina, Nicole E.; Siers, Brian P.

    2011-01-01

    Models of comprehensive Performance Management systems include both employee development and evaluative components. The Organizational Behavior Management discipline focuses almost exclusively on the developmental component, while the Industrial and Organizational Psychology discipline is focused on use of performance appraisals. Performance…

  13. Performance and appraisal assessment integrated system for management of nosocomial infections relying on informatization%依托信息化手段构建医院感染绩效考核一体化管理体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄荔红; 吴鲤霞; 王佳; 刘玉光; 游荔君

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore a scientific, objective, efficient hospital infection management new pattern, improve the quality of hospital infection management. METHODS Based on computer network technology, a performance assessment of integrated management system of hospital infection was developed. The incidence of . hospital infections, pathogen detection rate, hospital infection knowledge training participation rates, antibiotic use rates in inpatients, liquid soap and disinfectant hand consumption ratio were compared through the application of performance appraisal of integrated management system. RESULTS Before the use of performance appraisal of integrated management system, the hospital infection knowledge training participation rates of the medical staff and the submission rate of the pathogens were 91. 30% and 34. 87%, respectively, which were 97. 80% and 47.98% after the use of the system, the consumption of the hand disinfectants and the sanitizer increased significantly; the incidence of nosocomial infections and the utilization rate of antibiotics were 3. 78% and 58. 93% before the use of system and were 2. 20% and 43. 72% after the application, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). CONCLUSION The application of hospital infections of performance appraisal management integrated system relying on the informatization can effectively improve the whole quality of hospital infection management and management efficiency.%目的 探索一种科学、客观、高效的医院感染管理新模式,提高医院感染管理质量.方法 依托计算机网络技术研发一套医院感染绩效考核一体化管理体系,医院感染管理对应用医院感染绩效考核一体化管理体系前后医院感染发病率、病原送检率、医院感染知识培训参学率、住院患者抗菌药物使用率、洗手液和手消毒剂消耗量进行比效.结果 在应用绩效考核一体化管理体系前医务人员医院感染知识培训参学率

  14. Instance-Based Question Answering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    included factoid questions grouped around a set of target entities. For example, for the target entity “ Franz Kafka ”, associated questions included: “Where...from Franz Schubert. A year later he did on Dec 5th.”). Depending on the task, an answer extractor may identify very small, factoid candidates which...IWP): Paraphrase Ac- quisition and Applications, 2003. [55] A. Ittycheriah, M. Franz , and S. Roukos. Ibm’s statistical question answering system - trec

  15. Study on the automatic question answering system based upon FAQD for mobile terminal equipment%面向移动平台的FAQD自动问答系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何贤江; 左航; 李远红

    2012-01-01

    本文研究一种新的问答技术:计算问答对统计概率值,提出相似度计算函数,有限依赖机器自然语言理解,将理解并做答的任务,以特定的数学模型转化为信息检索问题.问答系统兼有离线和在线两种工作模式,离线处理将主题标注技术、关键词抽取技术、复述技术融合,做问答对语义分析;在线查询系统借鉴搜索引擎技术构架设计,数据传输量小,支持移动平台的大规模并发应用.%This paper focused on a new question answering technology system. This system, partially depending on machine's language comprehension, transformed the task of understanding question and answering question into information retrieval problem with the aid of mathematical models by calculating the probabilities of question-answer pair and proposing a similarity computation function. The answering system has two working modes, the offline processing mode and the online query system. The offline processing mode, which involves theme's marking) has key words extraction, paraphrasing, and questions-answers semantic analysis. The online query mode, which utilizes the search engine architectures, has the characteristics of small data transmission and is able to support large-scale mobile applications.

  16. Skill Appraisal to the Quality Management System in Shendong Coal Group%技能鉴定质量管理体系在神东煤炭集团的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文翠

    2014-01-01

    结合鉴定机构质量管理体系工作实际,给出了神东煤炭集团职业技能鉴定机构质量管理体系,从构建、运行到通过审核认证的全过程,重点给出了体系建设过程中的操作环节及体系认证的收获、体会、建议和今后的工作方向。%According to the identification organization quality management system in Shendong coal group practice, gives the oc-cupation skill appraisal organization quality management system from construction, run to the certification process, the focus is given to system construction in the course of the operation process and system certification of harvest, experience and sugges-tion and existing problems, and puts forward some feasible suggestion.

  17. 铁路企业组织架构创新与新型绩效考核体系关联性探讨%Railway enterprise organizational structure innovation and new performance appraisal system relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玮

    2012-01-01

      the organizational structure and performance there is very close relationship between. Organization structure decides the enterprise per-formance appraisal model, and good performance evaluation system is built on the advanced organization structure design based on. Based on the existing railway enterprise organization structure and performance evaluation system analysis of malpractice, put forward innovation organization system and performance assessment system.%  组织架构与绩效考核之间存在着十分密切的关系。组织架构决定企业的绩效考核模式,而好的绩效考核体系是建立在先进的组织架构设计基础上的。通过对铁路企业现行组织架构与绩效考核体系的弊端分析,提出了创新组织架构与绩效考核体系的设想。

  18. Level and appraisal of fatigue are not specific in burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dam, A.; Keijsers, G.P.J.; Verbraak, M.J.P.M.; Eling, P.A.T.M.; Becker, E. S.

    2015-01-01

    Fatigue is a main feature of the burnout syndrome but also very common in other psychiatric disorders such as major depression and anxiety disorders. This raises the question of whether the level and appraisal of fatigue is experienced differently by individuals suffering from burnout than by those

  19. Teaching Clothing and Textiles: An Appraisal by Students in Tertiary Institutions in Delta State Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arubayi, D. O.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to find out how students appraise the teaching of Clothing and Textiles in Tertiary Institutions in Delta State, Nigeria. To do this two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to give direction to the study. The target population consisted of 660 Home Economics Students enrolled in Home Economics in…

  20. Integration of critically appraised topics into evidence-based physical therapist practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowell, Michael S; Tragord, Bradley S; Taylor, Alden L; Deyle, Gail D

    2012-10-01

    Physical therapists frequently encounter situations that require complex differential-diagnosis decisions and the ability to consistently screen for serious pathology that may mimic a musculoskeletal complaint. By applying the evidence-based-practice process to diagnosis, screening, and referral, physical therapists can identify diagnostic and screening strategies that positively influence clinical decisions. A critically appraised topic document (a standard 1-page summary of the literature appraisal and clinical relevance in response to a specific clinical question) is a valuable tool in evidence-based practice. The creation of a critically appraised topic makes the educational process cumulative instead of duplicative, allowing the individual clinician to assimilate and consolidate knowledge after a search effort and improving search and appraisal skills. The purpose of this clinical commentary is as follows: (1) to describe the clinical reasoning process of 3 orthopaedic physical therapists that led to the development of specific clinical questions related to screening for nonmusculoskeletal pathology, (2) to describe the search and triage strategy that led each physical therapist to the current best evidence needed to rule out nonmusculoskeletal pathology in the patient, and (3) to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a critically appraised topic, the implementation of this process, and the tailoring of search strategies to find diagnostic and screening strategies.

  1. Exploration on The Road Not Taken:from the Perspective of the Appraisal Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KONG Yan-ran; SHI Meng-jiao

    2015-01-01

    Appraisal theory, a newly developed theory, applies SFL to investigating the interpersonal meaning of language. It has been employed to analyze various kinds of text such as news, novel and advertisement. Robert Frost ’s unique writing style and his famous poem The Road Not Taken have been analyzed from many aspects. This paper aims at demonstrating the profound in⁃tention of literary works from the perspective of appraisal theory. Meanwhile, the system of appraisal theory can be enhanced and developed through the analysis of literary works.

  2. Response to Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s ten questions pertaining to site-specific models for use in the license termination rule: Multimedia Environmental Pollutant Assessment System (MEPAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buck, J.W.; Whelan, G.; Strenge, D.L.; Hoopes, B.L.; McDonald, J.P.; Castleton, K.J.; Pelton, M.A.; Gelston, G.M.; Taira, R.Y. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1998-05-01

    This paper is in response to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) ten questions posed at the Modeling Workshop held November 13 and 14, 1997. The ten questions were developed in advance of the workshop to allow model developers to prepare a presentation at the Workshop. This paper is an expanded version of the Multimedia Environmental Pollutant Assessment System (MEPAS) presentation given at the Modeling Workshop by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) staff. This paper is organized by the ten questions asked by the NRC, each section devoted to a single question. The current version of methodology is MEPAS 3.2 (NRC 1997) and the discussion in this paper will pertain to that version. In some cases, MEPAS 4.0, which is currently being developed under the Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES) (Whelan et al. 1997), will be referenced to inform the reader of potential capabilities in the near future. A separate paper is included in the document that discusses the FRAMES concept.

  3. Nailfold capillaroscopy microscopy - an interdisciplinary appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein-Weigel, Peter Franz; Sunderkötter, Cord; Sander, Oliver

    2016-09-01

    Nailfold capillaroscopy is a method of great diagnostic value in the differential diagnosis of primary versus secondary Raynaud´s phenomenon, of systemic sclerosis versus other so called connective tissue diseases and of additional diagnostic value in other entities. Rheumatologists, dermatologists, and angiologists in Germany have convened in an interdisciplinary working group in which they synergistically combined their expertise to develop a common nomenclature and standards for the technical performance of nailfold capillary microscopy. The article gives an overview of historical and technical aspects of capillaroscopy, morphologic findings, and disease-specific patterns. It also provides a critical appraisal of its significance in the diagnosis and sequelae of these interdisciplinarily-managed diseases including its performance in children and gives an excursion in the potential perspectives of capillaroscopy in less common indications.

  4. Design of Performance Appraisal System Based on Open Source Framework and Platform%基于开源框架和平台的绩效考核系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁佃

    2014-01-01

    [目的]针对企业或机关单位需要利用信息化进行绩效考核的需求,研究低成本的绩效考核系统。[方法]使用跨平台的开发语言JAVA进行编程,利用开源免费的轻量级框架快速构建基于MVC架构的系统平台,再利用开源免费的操作系统、中间件和数据库搭建Web服务器,并结合局域网构建实现交互式的网络应用软件系统。[结果]该系统设计简便,且能实现跨平台操作。[结论]基于开源框架和平台的开发模式,可在低成本的前提下,最大限度地提高软件产品的质量和开发效率。%[Objective]This paper proposes a secure and reliable low-cost solution to information-based performance appraisal for enterprises and institutions.[Method]Cross platform development language JAVA programming and lightweight framework of free open source is used to rapid construct MVC-based system platform. Operating system of free open source and middleware and database building Web server, combined with the local area network is used to construct software system for implementation B/S-based interactive network application.[Result]Based on the design process and key technology, performance appraisal for enterprises and institutions is achieved.[Conclusion]The results show that the development model based on the open source framework and platform provides a low cost method for the improvement of software quality and development efficiency.

  5. 基于受限领域自动问答系统设计%The Design of Automatic Question-Answering System Based on the Restricted Domain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄永新; 武鹏; 朱峰; 黄振宇

    2014-01-01

    The design of automatic question-answering system has been a research focus in the field of Natural Language Process⁃ing. Especially in the restricted domain, automatic question-answering system based on the problem base has advantages of accu⁃racy, shortcut and efficiency. The paper describes the design of an automatic question-answering system based on"computer net⁃work" course, which integrates the social networking technology. VSM model is used to construct the problem base. Experi⁃ments show that this system has a higher precision, which has certain significance of promoting.%自动问答系统的设计一直是自然语言处理领域的研究热点。尤其是在受限领域,基于问题库的问答系统具有准确、快捷和高效等优点。该文设计了一种融合社交网络技术的基于《计算机网络》课程的自动问答系统,其问答库的构建采用了VSM模型。实验证明,该系统具有较高的准确率,有一定的推广意义。

  6. Performance Appraisal in Academic and Research Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarbrough, Larry N.

    There is a need for increased efficiency and effectiveness in the employment of the library's human resources. Performance appraisal can serve as a basis for salary and advancement decisions, career development, and performance improvement. Three criteria for performance appraisal can be distinguished: (1) the trait approach, (2) the job…

  7. Fuzzy Comprehensive Appraisal of Concealed Ore Deposits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, the transformation from the fuzzy to the accurate process is exemplified by the Jiaodong gold ore deposits concentrated region where the mathematical analysis is used to appraise and forecast regional concealed gold ore deposits. In this sense, this paper presents a new way to the appraisal of the non-traditional mineral resources.

  8. Teaching Critical Appraisal of Articles on Psychopharmacology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohr, Pavel; Hoschl, Cyril; Volavka, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Psychiatrists and other physicians sometimes read publications superficially, relying excessively on abstracts. The authors addressed this problem by teaching critical appraisal of individual articles. Method: The authors developed a 23-item appraisal instrument to assess articles in the area of psychopharmacology. The results were…

  9. 45 CFR 1160.12 - Appraisal procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the Council and the indemnitee shall then select a competent and disinterested arbitrator. (b) After selection of an arbitrator, the appraisers shall assess the partial loss, or damage to, or where appropriate... arbitrator for determination. The appraisers' agreement or the arbitrator's determination shall be final...

  10. 5 CFR 430.307 - Appraising performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appraising performance. 430.307 Section 430.307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Managing Senior Executive Performance § 430.307 Appraising performance. (a) Annual...

  11. An exploration of the utility of appraisals for the revalidation of pharmacy professionals in community pharmacy in Great Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jee, Samuel D; Jacobs, Sally; Schafheutle, Ellen I; Elvey, Rebecca; Hassell, Karen; Noyce, Peter R

    2013-01-01

    With revalidation in pharmacy in the United Kingdom fast approaching, appropriate systems of revalidation in community pharmacy are required. With little known about the potential use of appraisals for evaluating fitness to practice in pharmacy professionals (pharmacists and pharmacy technicians) in this sector, research was undertaken to explore their potential utility in a revalidation process. To examine existing structures and processes in community pharmacy appraisals in Great Britain (ie, England, Scotland, and Wales) and consider the views of pharmacy stakeholders on if, and how, appraisals could contribute to revalidation of pharmacy professionals. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with senior staff (eg, superintendents and professional development managers) from chain community pharmacies as well as pharmacy managers/owners from independent pharmacies. Senior staff from locum agencies and pharmacy technician stakeholders were also interviewed. Appraisals were in place for pharmacists in most chain pharmacies but not in independent pharmacies. Locum pharmacists were not appraised, either by the companies they worked for or by the locum agencies. Pharmacy managers/owners working in independent pharmacies were also not appraised. Pharmacy technicians were appraised in most chain pharmacies but only in some independent pharmacies. Where appraisals were in operation, they were carried out by line managers who may or may not be a pharmacist. Appraisals did not seem to cover areas relevant to fitness to practice but instead focused more on performance related to business targets. This was particularly true for those in more senior positions within the organization such as area managers and superintendent pharmacists. Existing systems of appraisal, on their own, do not seem to be suitable for revalidating a pharmacy professional. Considerable changes to the existing appraisal systems in community pharmacy and employer engagement may be necessary

  12. Appraisal patterns of envy and related emotions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Ven, Niels; Zeelenberg, Marcel; Pieters, Rik

    2012-06-01

    Envy is a frustrating emotion that arises from upward social comparison. Two studies investigated the appraisals that distinguish benign envy (aimed at improving one's own situation) from malicious envy (aimed at pulling down the superior other). Study 1 found that appraisals of deservingness and control potential differentiated both types of envy. We manipulated these appraisals in Study 2 and found that while both did not influence the intensity of envy, they did determine the type of envy that resulted. The more a situation was appraised as undeserved, the more participants experienced malicious envy. Benign envy was experienced more when the situation was not undeserved, and the most when the situation was appraised as both deserved and controllable. The current research also clarifies how the types of envy differ from the related emotions admiration and resentment.

  13. Appraisal of Lean Conscious Improvement System Based on Unascertained Theory and ANP%精益持续改善系统的未确知网络层次评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪亮; 牛占文

    2013-01-01

    According to misunderstandings in lean implementation , the paper puts forward that its essence is conscious im-provement .The paper constructs lean conscious improvement system and analyses its components concretely , and then sets up lean conscious improvement ability appraisal system based on unascertained theory and ANP .At last one practical case is given to show its feasibility and reasonability .%针对我国企业精益实施过程中存在的种种误区,指出精益生产的本质与精髓是持续改善。构建精益持续改善系统,分析其各部分组成,给出企业精益持续改善能力的评价指标体系及基于网络层次法及未确知理论的评价模型,通过实例说明该方法的可行性。

  14. 浅谈高校绩效评估体系设计中平衡计分卡的应用%Application of Balanced Scorecard in Design of Performance Appraisal System of University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕文静

    2012-01-01

    随着我国高等教育管理体制改革地不断深化,高校之间的竞争日趋激烈.高校要想在激烈的环境中谋发展就必须要从自身内部加强绩效管理,推进高校战略目标的实施.平衡计分卡作为一种新的绩效评价工具,应用在高校绩效评估体系设计中可以更有效地推进高校战略的实施.但是,高校作为一个非营利组织,在应用平衡计分卡的过程中需要结合自身情况加以调整.%With unceasing deepening of the reform of the management system of China's higher education, competition of universities is increasingly fierce. For universities, they must strengthen performance management within themselves to seek the development in competitive environment, so aa to promote the implementation of strategic goals. As a new kind of performance evaluation tool, balanced scorecard applies to system design of performance appraisal of university can more effectively promote the implementation of strategy. However, University as a non-profit organization needs to adjust combined with its situation in the process of applying balanced scorecard.

  15. Evidence-based medicine: specific skills necessary for developing expertise in critical appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Michael J; Fewell, Allyson E; Oleszewski, Ryan T

    2012-03-01

    The concept of evidence-based medicine (EBM), defined as the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values, is essential to the review, understanding, and application of clinical principles into the practice of medicine. Critical appraisal includes recognizing and evaluating various study designs and their ranking in order of priority, judging relevance to the question at hand, identifying potential sources of bias, and determining whether the data presentation, statistical analysis, and conclusions are appropriate. The focus of this article is on the quality of the evidence and how each step in critical appraisal is important to the overall concept and application of EBM.

  16. Appraising quantitative research in health education: guidelines for public health educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jack, Leonard; Hayes, Sandra C; Scharalda, Jeanfreau G; Stetson, Barbara; Jones-Jack, Nkenge H; Valliere, Matthew; Kirchain, William R; LeBlanc, Cris

    2010-03-01

    Many practicing health educators do not feel they possess the skills necessary to critically appraise quantitative research. This publication is designed to help provide practicing health educators with basic tools helpful to facilitate a better understanding of quantitative research. This article describes the major components- title, introduction, methods, analyses, results, and discussion sections-of quantitative research. Readers will be introduced to information on the various types of study designs and seven key questions health educators can use to facilitate the appraisal process. On reading, health educators will be in a better position to determine whether research studies are well designed and executed.

  17. Appraising Quantitative Research in Health Education: Guidelines for Public Health Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Sandra C.; Scharalda, Jeanfreau G.; Stetson, Barbara; Jones-Jack, Nkenge H.; Valliere, Matthew; Kirchain, William R.; Fagen, Michael; LeBlanc, Cris

    2010-01-01

    Many practicing health educators do not feel they possess the skills necessary to critically appraise quantitative research. This publication is designed to help provide practicing health educators with basic tools helpful to facilitate a better understanding of quantitative research. This article describes the major components—title, introduction, methods, analyses, results and discussion sections—of quantitative research. Readers will be introduced to information on the various types of study designs and seven key questions health educators can use to facilitate the appraisal process. Upon reading, health educators will be in a better position to determine whether research studies are well designed and executed. PMID:20400654

  18. Revisiting Routine Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Rebecca; Monaghan, John; Shingadia, Eisha; Vaughan, Stephen

    2006-01-01

    What is a routine question? The focus of this paper is routine questions and time (in years) since a hitherto routine question was last attempted by the solver. The data comes from undergraduate students' work on solving two calculus questions. The data was selected for reporting purposes because it is well documented and because it threw up…

  19. Building America Top Innovations 2014 Profile: Valuing Green in the Appraisal Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-11-01

    This 2014 Top Innovation profile describes how Building America’s BARA team facilitated discussions between the Appraisal Institute and RESNET, paving the way for a groundbreaking agreement between the two organizations. This agreement allows RESNET-approved Home Energy Rating System (HERS) software to auto-generate a fact-filled Green and Energy Efficiency Addendum intended for real estate appraisers for every home rated by a RESNET-certified HERS rater.

  20. An international response to questions about terminologies, investigation, and management of abnormal uterine bleeding: use of an electronic audience response system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munro, Malcolm G; Broder, Michael; Critchley, Hilary O D; Matteson, Kristen; Haththotuwa, Rohana; Fraser, Ian S

    2011-09-01

    More than 600 registrants attended a two-hour interactive symposium on abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) at the Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics World Congress in Cape Town, October 2009. Nearly 250 of these participants answered multiple questions through an electronic audience responder system. The audience heard five structured presentations on clinically important and controversial aspects of AUB, including terminologies and definitions, classification of causes, mechanisms of AUB in the absence of structural lesions of the reproductive tract, the potential for a structured menstrual history, and management of heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in low-resource settings. Numerous demographic details were collected, and a total of 30 questions to the audience were interspersed through each of the presentations. The audience demonstrated great variation in the way the terms AUB, menorrhagia, and dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) are used, and considerable majorities agreed that the terms menorrhagia and DUB should be abolished. AUB should be the overarching term to describe all symptomatic departures from normal menstruation or the menstrual cycle. HMB is a suitable replacement term for menorrhagia. DUB can be replaced by the three clinical entities comprising "nonstructural" causes of AUB. There was a high consistency across demographic subgroups in answers to most questions. Acute and chronic AUB were defined, and aspects of a classification system for causes of AUB and of a structured menstrual history were explored. Issues related to investigation and hormonal treatment of HMB in low-resource settings were explored by registrants from developing countries.

  1. The question of questions in Malaysian English

    OpenAIRE

    Asniah Alias; Radina Mohamad Deli

    2013-01-01

    This paper examined the forms that interrogatives and tag questions can take when used by young Malaysian speakers of English language in oral communication. It offers a description of the features for both question forms as produced by the respondents compared to those of Singapore English (SE) and Standard British English (SBE). The influence of domains and the issue of mother tongue interference in relation to the subjects’ usage of such features will also be investigated. Data were obtain...

  2. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence appraisal and ageism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Andrew; Doyle, Nick; Littlejohns, Peter; Docherty, Mary

    2012-05-01

    The requirements of the UK Equality Act 2010 and some high profile criticism for using a potentially ageist methodology have prompted the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) to assess the processes and methodology it uses to make appraisal decisions. This paper argues that NICE has established rigorous systems to protect against ageist decisions, has no track record of ageism and is well placed to meet the requirements of new UK equality legislation.

  3. 38 CFR 36.4348 - Servicer Appraisal Processing Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Appraisal Processing Program (SAPP) staff appraisal reviewer. Three years of appraisal related experience is... whose jurisdiction the servicer's staff appraisal reviewer is located before the SAPP authority may be... requirement, routine reviews of SAPP cases will be made by VA staff based upon quality control procedures...

  4. Stigma, Reflected Appraisals, and Recovery Outcomes in Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markowitz, Fred E.; Angell, Beth; Greenberg, Jan S.

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on modified labeling theory and the reflected appraisals process and using longitudinal data from 129 mothers and their adult children with schizophrenia, we estimate models of the effects of mothers' stigmatized identity appraisals of their mentally ill children on reflected and self-appraisals, and how appraisals affect outcomes…

  5. 76 FR 16627 - Statutory Provisions Affecting State Appraiser Regulatory Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... the authority of the Appraisal Subcommittee (ASC) and requirements for States' appraiser regulatory... Programs, on March 18, 2011. The Appraisal Subcommittee (ASC) is issuing this Bulletin to State Appraiser... requirements for State licensing in a State with criteria for the licensing of a real estate...

  6. Employee Performance Appraisal and the 95/5 Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasch, Lee

    2004-01-01

    Many colleges use some form of an employee performance appraisal process. Yet, despite prevalent use, the performance appraisal process is facing growing criticism. The author reviews the literature regarding the process of performance appraisal in higher education, focusing on articles supportive of the use of the performance appraisal, and those…

  7. Stigma, Reflected Appraisals, and Recovery Outcomes in Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markowitz, Fred E.; Angell, Beth; Greenberg, Jan S.

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on modified labeling theory and the reflected appraisals process and using longitudinal data from 129 mothers and their adult children with schizophrenia, we estimate models of the effects of mothers' stigmatized identity appraisals of their mentally ill children on reflected and self-appraisals, and how appraisals affect outcomes…

  8. TO THE QUESTION OF THE ORGANIZATION OF DISTRIBUTED INFORMATION-ANALITICAL SYSTEMS WITH ELEMENTS OF INTELLECTUAL PROCESSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atroshchenko V. A.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article we have allocated a number of poorly formalized functional tasks that significantly affect the efficiency of the operation of distributed information-analytical systems. The scheme has been developed for the iterative process, which in addition to the automation of the delivery process and the exchange of information between information systems based on grid integration, also includes funds for applied modeling situations on the basis of available information, developing alternatives, multi-criteria decision problems using techniques scenarios and peer review. Obtained during the evaluation of the effectiveness results allow us to control and manage the operation of distributed information-analytical systems with specific problems, as well as to conduct simulations and analytical processing of the results

  9. Design and Implementation of the Performance Appraisal System about College Teachers%高校教师绩效考核管理系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜钦生; 唐永林; 杨化朋

    2013-01-01

    The faculty team construction is gradually attached importance in universities. It is urgent to establish and improve the teacher performance appraisal system. In this paper, in view of the status quo of performance assessment and evaluation index system in universities, a performance assessment system has been developed in B/S mode by selecting Dream weaver CS5. 5 as the client devel-opment tool and Microsoft Office Access as the background database. The system consists of the staff query procedure and assessment management procedure, which will be helpful to optimize the assessment process, enhance the efficiency and improve the service quali-ty.%高校教职工的队伍建设在高等学校管理工作中渐渐的受到重视,建立和完善教师绩效考核体系是一项重要的措施。本论文针对高校绩效考核的现状以及评价指标体系,采用B/S模式,选择Dream weaver CS5.5作为客户端开发工具,Microsoft Office Access作为后台数据库,开发并设计了教师绩效考核管理系统,该考核系统从功能上可分为教工查询程序和考核管理程序。通过本系统将会有助于优化高校绩效考核的业务流程,提高工作效率,改善服务质量。

  10. On Civil Service Performance Appraisal Index System Based on Job Analysis%基于工作分析的公务员绩效考核指标体系研究——美国公务员绩效考核经验借鉴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鑫

    2012-01-01

    Compared with western countries,China's civil service performance appraisal system has defects in many aspects,of which the most important reason is the lack of job analysis.As the basis and premise of the human resource management,job analysis has been applied in America's civil service performance appraisal and has played a considerable role.China must learn advanced methods from America and establish a performance appraisal index system that is based of the job analysis.It is necessary to regard the job analysis as the premise of the appraisal,use the classification method,and design the appraisal index according to actual job.So,the application of job analysis can do well in improving the efficiency of performance appraisal.%我国公务员绩效考核制度与西方国家相比存在较大差距,主要原因为缺乏相应的工作分析环节。工作分析作为人力资源管理活动的基础和前提,在美国公务员绩效考核中广泛应用,发挥了重要作用。我国在公务员绩效考核方面需要学习国外的先进技术,因此,完善我国的公务员绩效考核制度,必须建立基于工作分析的公务员绩效考核指标体系。只有将工作分析作为考核的依据,充分运用分类分级思想作指导,根据公务员具体工作实际设计考核指标,才能完善我国的公务员绩效考核体系,提高考核效率。

  11. [The six steps necessary in elaborating critically appraised topics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Villar, C

    2014-01-01

    Different types of critically appraised topics (CATs) can be elaborated in diagnostic imaging: comparison of diagnostic tests, evaluation of techniques for early detection (screening), economical analyses, or therapeutic aspects, among others. Their design will vary in function of the question they aim to answer. For example, for treatment evaluation, clinical trials are the best, but if there are secondary studies (systematic reviews or meta-analyses) that synthesize information from several studies, the results will be more important and the scientific conclusions will be more relevant. Regardless of the study design used, the elaboration of a CAT will involve six steps: 1) question; 2) systematic and efficient bibliographic search; 3) levels of evidence (choosing the articles that have the best level); 4) critical reading of the articles chosen; 5) applying conclusions to the context, and 6) recommendations. In this article, we will describe these steps and the nuances for different types of studies in each step.

  12. TO THE QUESTION OF THE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION IMPROVEMENT WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF MILITARY-PHARMACEUTICAL WAREHOUSE SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. G. Goloub

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates the optimization of the system of military-pharmaceutical storage logistics, selection of scientifically based indicators of military medical store that will improve the efficiency of storage process and reduce losses during their activity

  13. Performance Appraisal Method of Logistic Distribution for Fresh Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Through the initial selection,screening and simplification,a set of performance appraisal system of logistic distribution suited to fresh agricultural products is established.In the process of establishing the appraisal indicator,the representative appraisal indicator of logistic distribution of fresh agricultural products is further obtained by delivering experts’ survey and applying the ABC screening system.The distribution costs,transportation and service level belong to the first level indicator;packing fees,distribution processing fees,full-load ratio,haulage capacity,customer satisfaction and the strain capability of delivery personnel belong to second level indicator.At the same time,the weighing of each indicator is determined.The quantification is conducted on indicators.The qualitative indicators applies ten-point system and then coverts these indicators into percentage,that is the number between [0,1];as for the quantitative indicators,they are concluded to the interval [0,1] according to the actual value range of the indicators and by applying the grade of membership in the vague mathematics.Through the analyses of the advantages and disadvantages of the frequently used performance evaluation method and its applicable conditions,the comprehensive evaluation of logistic distribution of agricultural products obtained by using the method of fuzzy comprehensive appraisal.The results show that,in terms of reducing distribution costs,the packaging and distribution processing technology of fresh agricultural products should be improved,so as to reduce distribution costs.In the process of introducing the application of advanced technology,the high automatic logistic equipments should be introduced.

  14. Using functional analysis in archival appraisal a practical and effective alternative to traditional appraisal methodologies

    CERN Document Server

    Robyns, Marcus C

    2014-01-01

    In an age of scarcity and the challenge of electronic records, can archivists and records managers continue to rely upon traditional methodology essentially unchanged since the early 1950s? Using Functional Analysis in Archival Appraisal: A Practical and Effective Alternative to Traditional Appraisal Methodologies shows how archivists in other countries are already using functional analysis, which offers a better, more effective, and imminently more practical alternative to traditional appraisal methodologies that rely upon an analysis of the records themselves.

  15. A question of value: a qualitative study of vocational dental practitioners' views on oral healthcare systems and their future careers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Jennifer E; Clarke, Wendy; Eaton, Kenneth A; Wilson, Nairn H F

    2009-01-01

    New dental graduates in England and Wales spend one year as vocational dental practitioners (VDPs) preparing for independent clinical practice. In recent years, they have entered a state-funded healthcare system undergoing the greatest period of change since the inception of the National Health Service (NHS) and a profession in which there has been a significant shift of care to the private sector. Against this background, the objectives of this study were to investigate VDPs' vision of their future professional career and the influences that will impact on their choice of state-funded (NHS) and/or private dentistry, and to identify what factors may attract graduates to work for the NHS. In 2004/2005, purposive sampling of a range of VDP training schemes across England and Wales was used to select the VDPs from ten schemes to take part in focus groups. To standardise data collection, a topic guide was used. Respondents' views were recorded on tape and field notes. The data were transcribed and analysed using framework methodology. Ninety-nine VDPs from all parts of England and Wales participated in ten focus groups. They identified three main categories of future practice: private, state-funded (NHS), and mixed. Private practice was perceived as providing 'professional independence', 'financial reward', 'time with patients' and 'clinical freedom'. NHS practice was associated with 'providing access to specialist training' and 'gaining clinical experience', often as preparation for private practice. Providing NHS care was attractive for VDPs who valued the ethos of public service. The VDPs considered that NHS practice could be made more attractive to young dentists by a range of factors, involving the funding, culture and philosophy of the system and the degree of fit with their personal and professional vision. They reported that they would welcome 'incentives to work in areas of high need', 'assistance with debt' and a 'culture of valuing NHS dentists'. The

  16. Lower extremity amputation rates in people with diabetes as an indicator of health systems performance. A critical appraisal of the data collection 2000-2011 by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carinci, F; Massi Benedetti, M; Klazinga, N S; Uccioli, L

    2016-10-01

    Critical appraisal of secondary data made available by the OECD for the time frame 2000-2011. Comparison of trends and variation of amputations in people with diabetes across OECD countries. Generalized estimating equations to test the statistical significance of the annual change adjusting for major potential confounders. A total of 26 OECD countries contributed to the OECD data collection for at least 1 year in the reference time frame, showing a decline in rates of over 40 %, from a mean of 13.2 (median 9.4, range 5.1-28.1) to 7.8 amputations per 100,000 in the general population (9.9, 1.0-18.4). The multivariate model showed an average decrease equal to -0.27 per 100,000 per year (p = 0.015), adjusted by structural characteristics of health systems, showing lower amputation rates for health systems financed by public taxation (-4.55 per 100,000 compared to insurance based, p = 0.002) and non-ICD coding mechanisms (-7.04 per 100,000 compared to ICD-derived, p = 0.001). Twelve-year decrease was stronger among insurance-based financing systems (tax based: -0.16 per 100,000, p = 0.064; insurance based: -0.36 per 100,000; p = 0.046). In OECD countries, amputation rates in diabetes continuously decreased over 12 years. Still, in 2011, one amputation every 7 min could be directly attributed to diabetes. Although interesting, these results should be taken with extreme caution, until common definitions are improved and data quality issues, e.g., a different ability in capturing diabetes diagnoses, are fully resolved.

  17. SCAMPI Lead Appraiser (Service Mark) Body of Knowledge (SLA BOK)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-01

    Competencies • CMP 3.2.2, Defining the appraisal team roles and responsibilities Examples • The initial set of appraisal team norms are agreed on...Competencies • CMP 3.1.1, Managing stakeholder involvement • CMP 3.2.2, Defining the appraisal team roles and responsibilities Examples • A site...appraisal team roles and responsibilities Associated Skills • Balancing appraisal team members’ workloads based on team member capabilities and

  18. Classroom Questioning Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小林

    2013-01-01

      Interaction has been playing a more and more important role in language research since the early 1970s,when the communicative teaching method was widely applied in language teaching. Questioning is the most common classroom interaction. This thesis analyzed the influence on students' immediate oral production by applying different teacher questioning strategies including teacher's question types,teacher question modification and teacher feedback.

  19. Asking Questions in Academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    2014-01-01

    Motivation for the activity In academia the most important skill is to ask academically relevant and sound questions. This is not easy and students need to practice asking questions orally and in writing before they write research papers.......Motivation for the activity In academia the most important skill is to ask academically relevant and sound questions. This is not easy and students need to practice asking questions orally and in writing before they write research papers....

  20. Discussion on Constructing Student Capability Appraisal System of“Three-aspect Integration,Four Phases and Diversified index”%论“三融四段多方”的学生能力评价体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜永关

    2016-01-01

    遵循“发展性”评价理论,体现“增量”评价原则,与学校“1311”人才培养模式和“三融合”课程体系相契合的“三融、四段、多方”的学生评价体系,促进了学生学习兴趣提升、教师职业幸福感形成以及学校办学宗旨的实现。%the student appraisal system ,namely ,“three-aspect integration ,four phases ,diversi‐fied index” ,following the appraisal theory of “expansibility”and the appraisal principle of “incremental quantity” and connected with “1311” personnel cultivation model and “three-aspect integration” cur‐riculum system ,promotes to increase the students’ interests ,the teachers’ feeling of happiness and to re‐alize the school -running principles .

  1. Exam Question Exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, John J., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    Acceptable answers are provided for two chemistry questions. The first question is related to the prediction of the appearance of non-first-order proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra. The second question is related to extraterrestrial kinetic theory of gases. (JN)

  2. Interfacing with questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soon, Winnie

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses an artistic project entitled If I wrote you a love letter would you write back (and thousands of other questions): a piece of software that utilizes Twitter web API to query questions, drawing unpredictable questions in real-time from the distributed database of Twitter...

  3. Improving Student Question Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiner, Cecily; Zachary, Joseph L.

    2009-01-01

    Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This paper analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the natural…

  4. Appraisal and Its Place in Management Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacCallum, Keith

    1971-01-01

    Appraisal is a tool for maximising management performance, part of a two way and constructive learning relationship, designed to improve standards throughout the organization in aiding top management to make the best use of its human resources. (Author/EB)

  5. Neural circuits associated with positive and negative self-appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brühl, A B; Rufer, M; Kaffenberger, T; Baur, V; Herwig, U

    2014-04-18

    Self-worth is particularly influenced by self-appraisal, which is negatively biased in many psychiatric disorders. Positive and negative self-appraisals also shape current emotional states or even evoke defensive reactions, when they are incongruent with a subject's current state. Prior studies have mainly used externally given evaluative appraisals. In this study, 30 subjects used individual negative and positive self-appraisals during functional magnetic resonance imaging. We additionally investigated the effects of such self-appraisals onto the subsequent perception of photos of the individual subjects. Both self-appraisal conditions activated dorsomedial and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex compared to the neutral condition. Positive self-appraisal evoked stronger activity than negative self-appraisal in the amygdala, ventral striatum and anterior cingulate cortex, whereas negative self-appraisal was associated with increased activity in the occipital regions. Positive self-appraisal had no effect on the perception of a photo of oneself, whereas negative appraisal increased activity in the anterior insula and parietal regions. Overall, positive self-appraisal activated more emotion-related brain regions, whereas negative self-appraisal had a relatively stronger influence on perception-related brain activity. These findings could on the one hand explain the effect of negative self-appraisal on the behavior in the real world and on the other hand support a stronger focus of psychotherapy on enhancing positive self-appraisals.

  6. Mixed crop-livestock farming systems: a sustainable way to produce beef? Commercial farms results, questions and perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veysset, P; Lherm, M; Bébin, D; Roulenc, M

    2014-08-01

    Mixed crop-livestock (MC-L) farming has gained broad consensus as an economically and environmentally sustainable farming system. Working on a Charolais-area suckler cattle farms network, we subdivided the 66 farms of a constant sample, for 2 years (2010 and 2011), into four groups: (i) 'specialized conventional livestock farms' (100% grassland-based farms (GF), n=7); (ii) 'integrated conventional crop-livestock farms' (specialized farms that only market animal products but that grow cereal crops on-farm for animal feed, n=31); (iii) 'mixed conventional crop-livestock farms' (farms that sell beef and cereal crops to market, n=21); and (iv) organic farms (n=7). We analyse the differences in structure and in drivers of technical, economic and environmental performances. The figures for all the farms over 2 years (2010 and 2011) were pooled into a single sample for each group. The farms that sell crops alongside beef miss out on potential economies of scale. These farms are bigger than specialized beef farms (with or without on-farm feed crops) and all types of farms show comparable economic performances. The big MC-L farms make heavier and consequently less efficient use of inputs. This use of less efficient inputs also weakens their environmental performances. This subpopulation of suckler cattle farms appears unable to translate a MC-L strategy into economies of scope. Organic farms most efficiently exploit the diversity of herd feed resources, thus positioning organic agriculture as a prototype MC-L system meeting the core principles of agroecology.

  7. TO A QUESTION ABOUT THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE POLICY AND ITS MEANING FOR THE IMAGE STRATEGY COMPLEX AND NATIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. V. Tsyrakson

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the current international situation, the most important are issues of national selfdetermination and identity. One of the most important elements of the «national norm» expression is the national language and the factors that determine its development. In this context, the national language may be an essential tool, both domestic and foreign policies of the state (the instrument of soft power. This issue is particularly acute for the national political and cultural elite at the present stage. Theoretical approaches to the formation of values and ethical guidelines of the Russian society can be based, to a certain extent, on the fundamental postulates of the main currents of Russian philosophy of the XIX century, especially paying attention to the concept of the "Russian idea". It is important to understand that in this case the national language becomes a political tool in the global sense and objective may be part of the whole complex of state branding policy. The tactics of the national language promotion in an international environment (methods and forms must be not aggressive in nature and create a pressure effect on the subconscious of citizens of that state for which this mechanism is provided. Image effect is achieved through the common moral and ethical attitudes, wearing ethnic, national determination by the country. On the other hand, the study of the impact on the public consciousness of a social system by means of the facts surrounding the use of the studied linguistic tools, allows you to view philosophy as a system of knowledge in the interdisciplinary field of application, vibrating between the different areas of social sciences.

  8. The social question revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kenneth, Petersson; Olsson, Ulf; Krejsler, John B.

    2015-01-01

    of social and political unrest, poverty and lack of morality. In the name of European Union social integration is thus organized differently as compared to former times. There are, nevertheless similarities. In both cases educational systems become key arenas for integrating social groups......The focus of this chapter is the re-installation of the social question as a historical practice. The purpose is to investigate how historic figures return and are applied in contemporary political discourses, more precisely in the context of education, education policy and teacher education...... and raising the level of knowledge and competences in society. Higher education, in this case teacher education, is supposed to develop potentials of individuals and maximize “their contribution to a sustainable and democratic knowledge-based society.” Consequently; student cohorts should reflect...

  9. Question Answering for Dutch: Simple does it

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoekstra, A.H.; Hiemstra, Djoerd; van der Vet, P.E.; Huibers, Theo W.C.

    2006-01-01

    When people pose questions in natural language to search for information on the web, the role of question answering (QA) systems becomes important. In this paper the QAsystem simpleQA, capable of answering Dutch questions on which the answer is a person or a location, is described. The system's

  10. 电信企业集团客户满意度测评体系的设计及验证%Design and Verification on Satisfaction Appraising System with Telecommunications Company'S Group Customer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜姣娇; 赵涛

    2012-01-01

    顾客满意度已被实务界和理论界普遍关注,如今顾客满意度评价与行业特征结合的趋势愈加显著。针对电信企业特点、集团客户服务要求,构建电信企业集团客户满意度测评体系模型,注重对顾客商业消费过程的剖析,关注集团产品和服务的整体满意度、当前表现与期望的差异程度、与完美移动网络服务商的差异程度评价,不仅具有普适性,而且对于我国电信企业提升自身的综合实力和企业竞争力,提升顾客满意度提供一定助力。%Customer satisfaction has been generally concerned by the practitioners and theorists, now the trend of valuation of customer satisfaction combine with the industry features even more significant. This paper put forwards to a satisfaction appraising system meet to telecommunications companies and requirements of the telecom group customer. The model more attention to spending on customer business process analysis, evaluation overall satisfaction of group products and services, differences between current performance and expectations level, differences between the corporation and perfect mobile network service providers. The System will promote overall strength and competitiveness of China's telecom enterprises and enhance their customer satisfaction.

  11. Study on the Relational Questions about Librarianship System Reform%我国图书馆事业体制改革基础问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范兴坤

    2011-01-01

    The paper concisely introduces the politics concepts of "System" and "Unit" and "Non - Governmental Public Organization (NGPO) ", analyzes the formation cause and inbeing characters of Chinese librarianship system, reviews our thoughts about the librarianship system and the way to reform existing questions, realizes that the reform of political system is the basis of librarianship system reform, and those questions in the librarianship system will be settled with the country's reform of political system, but there is a long time to go.%在介绍“体制”、“单位”和“事业单位”等政治学基本概念的基础上,对我国图书馆事业体制形成的原因、体制的本质特征进行了分析,述评了改革开放以来我国图书馆界对事业体制的认识及对改革方法思考的不足之处,认为政治体制改革是图书馆事业体制改革的基础,图书馆事业体制中的很多问题只有随着国家政治体制改革的深化才能逐步得到解决,这需要一个长期探索的过程。

  12. 论检察机关设置专家辅助人制度%Setting Up a New Supervision System of Forensic Appraisal in Criminal Justice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈勋

    2009-01-01

    The forensic identification system is an indispensible part of our country's judicial system, and is an important guarantee for the implementation of the nation's law. For a long time, various drawbacks exist in forensic identification in criminal justice, which not only affects the credibility of forensic identification, but also damages the unified implementation of the nation's law. Apart from the imperfect forensic identification system, the lack of the procuratorate's supervision is one cause for the abovementioned phenomenon. Therefore, besides improving the forensic identification system itself, we should establish the expert assistant system in prosecutorial organs to strengthen and improve the supervision of forensic identification in criminal justice. Based on the analysis of the current situation, the existing problems of forensic identification in the criminal justice system, and the practice of prosecutorial organs, and using the expert witness (expert assistant) system of foreign countries for reference, the author discusses the necessity, feasibility of the establishment of the expert assistant system in prosecutorial organs and its system designing.%司法鉴定制度是我国司法制度的重要组成部分,长期以来,我国刑事司法鉴定领域存在着种种弊端,不仅影响了司法鉴定的公信力,还损害了国家法律的正确统一实施,这与检察机关的监督缺位有着密切的关系.因此在完善司法鉴定制度本身的同时,应该通过建立检察机关专家辅助人制度来加强对刑事司法鉴定的监督.探讨在我国设立检察机关专家辅助人制度具有重要意义.

  13. Question-Asking and Question-Exploring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sands, Lorraine; Carr, Margaret; Lee, Wendy

    2012-01-01

    The Centre of Innovation Research at Greerton Early Childhood Centre was characterised as a dispositional milieu where working theories were explored through a narrative research methodology. As the research progressed, the teachers at Greerton strengthened the way we were listening to, and watching out for young children's questions to enable…

  14. The Official Real Estate Appraisal in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph JOCHEIM-WIRTZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Real Estate Appraisal in Germany is regulated by the articles 192-199 of the German Construction Law. Technical guidelines, including the appraisal methods, are defined in bylaws. For the purpose of official real estate appraisal, Expert Appraisal Committees were founded in counties and large cities. The Committees are comprised of real estate experts doing a honorary service, coming from such professions as land surveying engineers, architects, civil engineers, Tax Office employees, experts from the banking sector, agronomists and real estate agents. The chairman of the Committee is also the director of the Cadastral Office and/or the Surveying Office. Every Committee has its own office within the Cadastral Office or the Surveying Office. The main task of the Committees is to establish and guarantee the transparency of the real estate market, by means of the publication of approximate plot value maps on the Internet as well as the publication of the reports on the real estate market. Apart from that, the Expert Appraisal Committees provide reports on the market value of real estate objects, available upon request. Reports on the market value of real estate objects are also made by publicly appointed and sworn experts. Based on the steady rise in the requests for superregional information about the real estate market in the recent years, the working group comprised of the representatives from the Expert Appraisal Committees from the whole country published its first report on the real estate market in Germany in 2008, and the second one in 2011.

  15. Economic evaluations in bipolar disorder: a systematic review and critical appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdul Pari, Anees Ahmed; Simon, Judit; Wolstenholme, Jane; Geddes, John R; Goodwin, Guy M

    2014-09-01

    Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic illness and is one of the worldwide leading causes of disability. It is often a lifelong illness and incurs a substantial economic burden on the health care system, the patients, and society as a whole. However, there are few studies evaluating the economic impact of alternative strategies in the management of BD. We reviewed and critically appraised the available published economic evidence on BD management. In addition, we explored advantages and disadvantages of different methods used in the economic evaluation of the management of BD. A systematic literature search was undertaken using seven electronic databases to identify all English language articles published between January 1980 and March 2012 that provided data on complete economic evaluations for any treatment strategy for BD. The quality of included studies was appraised according to recommendations from the Cochrane Collaboration. A total of 7,284 citations were obtained. After initial screening, 20 eligible studies were identified, five of which were trial-based, and 15 of which were model-based economic evaluations. Given the variability in methods and the quality of the identified studies, no conclusive recommendation for the most cost-effective therapy for BD could be provided. The cost-effectiveness of different treatment strategies varied between settings, and transferability of these results across settings remains questionable. Although additional research using a longer time horizon is required to validate the findings for trial-based economic evaluations, discrete event simulation appears to be the most natural and plausible technique for modeling the cost-effectiveness of alternative BD treatment strategies. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Appraising and applying evidence about a diagnostic test during a performance-based assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franklin Ellen

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The practice of Evidence-based Medicine requires that clinicians assess the validity of published research and then apply the results to patient care. We wanted to assess whether our soon-to-graduate medical students could appraise and apply research about a diagnostic test within a clinical context and to compare our students with peers trained at other institutions. Methods 4th year medical students who previously had demonstrated competency at probability revision and just starting first-year Internal Medicine residents were used for this research. Following an encounter with a simulated patient, subjects critically appraised a paper about an applicable diagnostic test and revised the patient's pretest probability given the test result. Results The medical students and residents demonstrated similar skills at critical appraisal, correctly answering 4.7 and 4.9, respectively, of 6 questions (p = 0.67. Only one out of 28 (3% medical students and none of the 15 residents were able to correctly complete the probability revision task (p = 1.00. Conclusions This study found that most students completing medical school are able to appraise an article about a diagnostic test but few are able to apply the information from the article to a patient. These findings raise questions about the clinical usefulness of the EBM skills possessed by graduating medical students within the area of diagnostic testing.

  17. New Hybrid Algorithm for Question Answering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaspreet Kaur

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available With technical advancement, Question Answering has emerged as the main area for the researchers. User is provided with specific answers instead of large number of documents or passages in question answering. Question answering proposes the solution to acquire efficient and exact answers to user question asked in natural language rather than language query. The major goal of this paper is to develop a hybrid algorithm for question answering. For this task different question answering systems for different languages were studied. After deep study, we are able to develop an algorithm that comprises the best features from excellent systems. An algorithm developed by us performs well.

  18. 全军泌尿外科护理示范基地护理绩效考核指标体系的构建%Construction of index system for performance appraisal of nursing in the whole army urology care demonstration base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔够梅; 杏玲芝; 王养民; 陆皓; 胡军; 张华

    2013-01-01

    Objective To construct a scientific,reasonable,effective index system for performance appraisal in the whole army urology care demonstration base.Methods The weight,reliability,construct validity and discriminant validity of each index were quantitatively analyzed and tested by literature data,theoretical analysis,a qualitative research method and Delphi (Delphi) expert consultation method,and the index system for performance appraisal was established in the whole army urology care demonstration base.Results The index system for performance appraisal was identified including level Ⅰ indicators 4 and level Ⅱ indicators 20 item pool in the whole army urology care demonstration base,Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region.The quality of care,the operational capacity of nurses,nurses job satisfaction and patient satisfaction after the implementation of the performance appraisal were significantly higher than those before the implementation (P < 0.05).Conclusions The index system for performance appraisal has good construct validity,internal continuity measurement reliability and discriminant validity.The research results is high reliability,and provides a basis for carrying out the effective performance management and controlling quality of care in the whole army urology care demonstration base.%目的 构建科学、合理、实效的全军泌尿外科护理示范基地护理人员考核指标体系.方法 通过文献资料法、理论分析法、质性研究法及德尔菲(Delphi)专家咨询法,定量分析和检验各指标的权重、信度、结构效度和区分效度,建立了全军泌尿外科护理示范基地护理人员绩效考核指标体系.结果 确定了兰州军区兰州总医院全军泌尿外科护理示范基地护理人员绩效考核指标体系包含Ⅰ级指标4个、Ⅱ级指标20个条目池.结论 本考核指标体系具有较好的结构效度、内部连续性测量信度和区分效度,研究结果可信度高,为基

  19. 薪酬体系框架与考核方式对个人绩效薪酬选择的影响%The Effects of Pay System Frame and Performance Appraisal on Individual's Acceptance of Pay for Performance Plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺伟; 龙立荣

    2011-01-01

    The compensation system of pay for performance has been widely applied by organizations as a mean to attract, motivate and sustain employees in modern business society. In theoretical field, too much attention has been drawn to the incentive effects of PFP on both individual and organizational performance while only a little work were conducted to explore the antecedents of employees' reaction and acceptance of the PFP plan. Considered the risky context of PFP plan, this study initially examined two different pay system frame effects on individual' acceptance of PFP plan in perspective of behavioral decision theory. More specifically, we hypothesized that an individual may have an anticipated income frame in which a gain/loss frame is formed when actual income level is more/less than his anticipated income level respectively. Also, two different payment modes of base + performance pay and total - performance pay may lead an individual to form the positive and negative payment frame respectively. In situation of the loss frame in anticipated income and the negative frame in payment mode, individuals may more likely to accept the risky PFP plan according to rules of framing effect. Finally, the moderating effects of performance appraisal mode (open-goal and closed-goal) on above relationships were explored as well.A scenario experiment was used to test the hypotheses with a 2x2 between-subjects design, depicting two payment modes of positive/negative frame and two performance appraisal modes of open- and closed- goal. 304 undergraduates from business and economic related majors were recruited and randomly assigned to each one of the four scenarios. In consideration of that the dependant variable, whether choose a PFP plan or a fixed pay plan, is a dummy variable, we implemented logistic regression to test hypotheses with controlling risk aversion, confidence of performance, self-efficacy, and other demographic attributes.The results of our study revealed that

  20. Colleague and patient appraisal of consultant psychiatrists and the effects of patient detention on appraisal scores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heneghan, Miranda; Chaplin, Robert

    2016-08-01

    Aims and method This paper aims to review colleague and patient feedback from the 10-year period of the operation of the Royal College of Psychiatrists' 360-degree appraisal system, specifically: (1) examine the overall distribution of ratings; (2) examine the effect of working primarily with detained patients on patient feedback, represented by forensic psychiatrists; and (3) look for a relationship between colleague and patient ratings. Results Data were analysed for 977 participating psychiatrists. Both colleagues and patients rated psychiatrists overall with high scores. Less than 1% were identified as low scorers, although there was no relationship between those identified by colleagues or patients. Colleague and patient feedback scores varied little between subspecialties including forensic consultants. Clinical implications Psychiatrists in all subspecialties obtained high scores from colleagues and staff. Working with detained patients appeared to have little effect on patient ratings.

  1. Dental Students' Use of AMSTAR to Critically Appraise Systematic Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teich, Sorin T; Heima, Masahiro; Lang, Lisa

    2015-09-01

    The idea of basing clinical procedures upon evidence gathered by observation is less than 200 years old, with the first set of evidence-based position papers dating back only to the early 1970s. The relationship between evidence-based education and health outcomes is difficult to test and may be indirect, but teaching critical appraisal skills may be beneficial in developing knowledge. Systematic reviews have a central role in the process of clinical decision making in practice and therefore should be of high quality, following a rigorous protocol that can be evaluated with validated tools. The aim of this study was to assess how dental students utilized the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) appraisal tool to evaluate systematic reviews in the context of a treatment planning course. During the in-class final exam, students were required to appraise the quality of a systematic review and to justify their answers. Of the 74 third-year students who took the exam, 100% answered all questions on the AMSTAR form. The mean number of correct answers was nine (SD=1.047, Min=6, Max=10), with no student providing all 11 correct answers. The fact that nearly 90% of the students provided eight or more correct answers suggests that AMSTAR can be used by students to evaluate the methodological quality of systematic reviews. It also was evident that although the AMSTAR tool requires less than 15 minutes to complete an evaluation, using it requires extensive training and repetition to achieve consistent and reliable results.

  2. Technical Safety Appraisal of the Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-01

    The purpose of the Technical Safety Appraisal (TSA) was to assess the effectiveness of representative safety and health programs at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) through the evaluation of activities at selected facilities and in selected safety disciplines. The TSA was conducted in accordance with established procedures. The following BNL safety and health program elements were reviewed as a part of this TSA: Organization and Administration, Operations, Maintenance, Training and Certification, Nuclear Criticality Safety, Auxiliary Systems, Technical Support, Site/Facility Safety Review, Emergency Preparedness, Radiological Protection, Industrial Hygiene, Occupational Safety, Fire Protection, Quality Verification, and Medical Services. The TSA was conducted from March 26--April 12, 1990. The evaluation was conducted by a team of experts assembled by EH, Office of Safety Appraisals (OSA). TSAs are operationally focused. As such, in terms of safety, health, and quality verification, the site and selected facilities were appraised relative to operations, and the condition of equipment and facilities. The evaluation thus addresses whether current operations are being conducted within the operational safety procedures established for specific facilities and activities.

  3. Continental and oceanographic data information system, codis version 1.0: Protocols, software, compilation and appraisal of meta-data of organic contaminants in the Fraser River basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fyles, T.M.; King, B.; West, P.R.

    1993-12-31

    Description of the continental and oceanographic data information system (CODIS), a PC-based index that searches, reports, and maps information on organic contaminants in the Fraser River Basin. The report also documents the historical development of CODIS, the protocol used to evaluate the quality of the organic data, and the software development and cataloguing process used for inputting the data.

  4. 12 CFR 722.3 - Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., including mortgage-backed securities, and each loan or interest in a loan, pooled loan, or real property... transaction in which the appraisal conforms to the Federal National Mortgage Association or Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation appraisal standards applicable to that category of real estate; or (9) The regional...

  5. 12 CFR 323.3 - Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... State certified or licensed appraiser is required for all real estate-related financial transactions... lease of real estate is entered into, unless the lease is the economic equivalent of a purchase or sale... that the services of an appraiser are not necessary in order to protect Federal financial and...

  6. Quality Appraisal of Single-Subject Experimental Designs: An Overview and Comparison of Different Appraisal Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Oliver; Miller, Bridget

    2012-01-01

    Critical appraisal of the research literature is an essential step in informing and implementing evidence-based practice. Quality appraisal tools that assess the methodological quality of experimental studies provide a means to identify the most rigorous research suitable for evidence-based decision-making. In single-subject experimental research,…

  7. A Research of Database Encryption on Soldiers Occupational Skill Appraisal System%士兵职业技能鉴定系统数据库加密研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东; 王虎强

    2014-01-01

    Concerning the database of soldiers occupational Skill appraisal System, how to ensure that the system is operated in high performance and high availability while the data security is improved, ensure that the system is not invaded, critical data will not be disclosed, added, changed or deleted. The paper proposes a strategy that encrypt only to sensitive data, it combines the use of the DES and RSA encryption algorithm into different aspects of the data encryption to ensure that the system is safe and reliable. The results show that after the database is encrypted, it can effectively improve the safety performance of the sys-tem, even someone’s successfully intrusion into the database, he can do nothing. it effectively prevent human factors and vitro operation, effectively enhance the normative management of identification, improve the degree of identification and recognition.%针对士兵职业技能鉴定系统数据库,就如何保证系统在高性能、高可用的同时,提升数据的安全性,确保系统不被入侵,关键数据不被泄露或是增删改等问题,提出了一种只针对敏感数据加密的策略,将DES和RSA加密算法结合起来运用到数据加密的不同环节中,确保了系统安全可靠。加密结果表明,加密后的系统数据库能有效地提高系统的安全性能,即便是他人入侵到数据库也束手无策,防止了人为因素,杜绝了体外操作,有效地增强鉴定管理的规范性,提高鉴定的含金量和认可度。

  8. An appraisal on the degradation of paracetamol by TiO2/UV system in aqueous medium: product identification by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

    OpenAIRE

    Dalmázio,Ilza; Alves,Tânia M. A.; Augusti,Rodinei

    2008-01-01

    The advanced oxidation of paracetamol (1) promoted by TiO2/UV system in aqueous medium was investigated. Continuous monitoring by several techniques, such as UV-Vis spectroscopy, HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography), TOC (total organic carbon), and ESI-MS (electrospray ionization mass spectrometry), revealed that whereas the removal of paracetamol was highly efficient under these conditions, its mineralization was not likewise accomplished. GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...

  9. The concept of "intercultural opening": the development of an assessment tool for the appraisal of its current implementation in the mental health care system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penka, S; Kluge, U; Vardar, A; Borde, T; Ingleby, D

    2012-06-01

    The German concept of "intercultural opening" is an approach to facilitating migrants' access to the health care system and improving the care they receive. No data exist concerning the current status of the implementation of this approach in Germany, and the concept has never been analysed in practice. To assess the status of "intercultural opening" in the German mental health care system and to further analyse the concept, we developed a tool by combining pre-existing instruments. In order to review the preliminary tool we combined experts' knowledge by carrying out a consensusoriented, expert-based Delphi process with actual practice by piloting the instrument in each type of institution to be assessed. The assessment tool thus developed(1) is the first one to evaluate the current status of "intercultural opening" in the community mental health care system in Germany from a broad perspective. This paper is intended to present the development process of our assessment tool for demonstrating the benefits of this approach and as a model for future studies, as well as to increase transparency in relation to the current German approach to health care structures in dealing with migrants. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. 关于绩效评核体系有效实施的思考%Thinking on Effective Implementation of Performance Appraisal System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光

    2013-01-01

      Report of the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China Clearly put forward: "innovate administrative method, improve the credibility and executive power of the government, and promote government performance management". It shows the importance of deepening the reform of the administrative system and improving the government work performance. Performance assessment system is the important guarantee to implement performance management system and the implementation mechanisms and organizations to promote the continuous improvement and development of organizational performance. Its effective implementation can enhance the human performance level and improve the effectiveness of organization, and also can ensure the strategic coherence between strategic executive ability and collective actions. However, there are many problems in the methods and techniques currently applied in carrying out performance assessment by many organizations, which have greatly limited the growth and development of human performance and hindered the realization of organizational effectiveness. This study will discuss the effectiveness to implement performance assessment system so as to provide methods and tools for the implementation of modern performance management system.%  在党的十八大报告中明确提出:“创新行政管理方式,提高政府公信力和执行力,推进政府绩效管理”。可见,深化行政体制改革,提高政府工作绩效的重要性。绩效评核体系是推行绩效管理制度的重要保障,是促进组织绩效持续改进与发展的实施机制和组织保证。绩效评核体系的有效实施,不仅能提升人力绩效水平和提高组织有效性,而且可以确保组织的战略执行力和集体行动的战略一致性。然而,当前许多组织开展绩效评核所采用的方法与技术都存在严重问题,严重限制了人力绩效的成长与发展,阻碍了组织有效性的实

  11. Automatic Question Answering from Web Documents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xin; HU Dawei; LI Huan; HAO Tianyong; CHEN Enhong; LIU Wenyin

    2007-01-01

    A passage retrieval strategy for web-based question answering (QA) systems is proposed in our QA system. It firstly analyzes the question based on semantic patterns to obtain its syntactic and semantic information and then form initial queries. The queries are used to retrieve documents from the World Wide Web (WWW) using the Google search engine. The queries are then rewritten to form queries for passage retrieval in order to improve the precision. The relations between keywords in the question are employed in our query rewrite method. The experimental result on the question set of the TREC-2003 passage task shows that our system performs well for factoid questions.

  12. Ten questions about systems biology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joyner, Michael J; Pedersen, Bente K

    2011-01-01

    common diseases. Finally, we attempt to integrate our critique of reductionism into a broader social framework about so-called translational research in specific and the root causes of common diseases in general. Throughout we offer ideas and suggestions that might be incorporated into the current...

  13. 糖尿病足分级系统及其评价%System of classification of diabetic foot and its appraisal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑶; 钱培芬

    2012-01-01

    The classification system of diabetic foot not only helps to assess the wound,but it also can be used to predict the outcome of diabetic foot ulcer in the early stage,dynamically monitor the changes in the wound,and rationally direct the therapeutic schedule.At present,there are diverse systems for classifying the diabetic foot,but none has been internationally recognized.The classification systems can be categorized by time sequence,research objective,or structure type.When one of the classification systems is choosen,it is still very important to take the population,facility,and research type into consideration.%糖尿病足是指与下肢远端神经异常和不同程度周围血管病变相关的足部感染、溃疡和(或)深层组织破坏,是糖尿病致残、致死的主要原因之一[1].有研究表明,在所有糖尿病相关的低位远端截肢中,85%由糖尿病足溃疡引发[2].经过积极的伤口管理,采取包括预防、对患者和医务人员进行相关宣传教育、多学科协作处理足部溃疡和密切监视等措施,可使截肢率下降至49% ~85%[3].依据糖尿病足分级系统能够对创面进行评估、早期预测溃疡结局、动态监测创面变化以及指导治疗工作的开展[4 ].同时,该系统可以为前瞻性研究设定纳入、排除标准,或作为一个独立变量去检验一种特殊治疗方案是否有效[5].

  14. An overview of the central nervous system of the elephant through a critical appraisal of the literature published in the XIX and XX centuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozzi, B; Spagnoli, S; Bruno, L

    2001-01-15

    The two species of elephants (Indian: Elephas maximus and African: Loxodonta africana) possess the largest brain among land mammals. Due to its size, the elephant brain is discussed in virtually every paper dealing with the evolution of the central nervous system of mammals and comparative brain size. Studies on the social habits of elephants also deal with the skills and the "intelligence" and brain size of these species. Yet most of the descriptions and conclusions reported in comparative studies rely on second-hand data derived from investigations performed several decades before, often dating as far back as the XIX century. Furthermore, many of the original papers actually describing gross and detailed features of the brain of elephants are either no longer available, are written in languages other than English, or are difficult to trace. The present study gives a short description of the anatomy of the central nervous system of elephants, with special attention to its distinctive features, reports all available literature on the subject, and briefly discusses its origins and rationale.

  15. Chemical and molecular factors in irritable bowel syndrome: current knowledge, challenges, and unanswered questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camilleri, Michael; Oduyebo, Ibironke; Halawi, Houssam

    2016-11-01

    Several chemical and molecular factors in the intestine are reported to be altered and to have a potentially significant role in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), particularly in IBS with diarrhea. These include bile acids; short-chain fatty acids; mucosal barrier proteins; mast cell products such as histamine, proteases, and tryptase; enteroendocrine cell products; and mucosal mRNAs, proteins, and microRNAs. This article reviews the current knowledge and unanswered questions in the pathobiology of the chemical and molecular factors in IBS. Evidence continues to point to significant roles in pathogenesis of these chemical and molecular mechanisms, which may therefore constitute potential targets for future research and therapy. However, it is still necessary to address the interaction between these factors in the gut and to appraise how they may influence hypervigilance in the central nervous system in patients with IBS. Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.

  16. An appraisal of an online tutorial system for the teaching and learning of engineering physics in conjunction with contextual physics and mathematics, and relevant mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhathal, Ragbir

    2016-09-01

    The number of students entering engineering schools in Australian universities has increased tremendously over the last few years because of the Australian Federal Government's policy of increasing the participation rates of Higher School Certificate students and students from low social economic status backgrounds in the tertiary sector. They now come with a diverse background of skills, motivations and prior knowledge. It is imperative that new methods of teaching and learning be developed. This paper describes an online tutorial system used in conjunction with contextual physics and mathematics, and the revision of the relevant mathematical knowledge at the appropriate time before a new topic is introduced in the teaching and learning of engineering physics. Taken as a whole, this study shows that students not only improved their final examination results but there was also an increase in the retention rate of first-year engineering students which has financial implications for the university.

  17. Combined heat and power generation: encouraged insertion plan systemic appraisal; Cogeracao no setor eletrico: avaliacao sistemica de um plano de insercao incentivada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paula, Claudio P.; Sauer, Ildo L. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia. Programa Interunidades de Pos-Graduacao em Energia

    2004-07-01

    The principal objective of this paper is to evaluate the potential for self-production of combined heat and power - CHP generation - in the expansion of the Brazilian electric power supply system. The potential was determined by simulating operation of CHP plants in industries which had previously used oil derivates to supply process heat, as well as of plants for service sectors, which had consumed electricity for air conditioning. The final part of the thesis describes the policy incentives which should be implemented so that CHP can make a significant contribution at the national level, permitting better use of natural resources and leverage the penetration of natural gas in the energy market, with favorable impacts on national development. (author)

  18. Appraising into the Sun: Six-State Solar Home Paired-Sale Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    2015-11-12

    Although residential solar photovoltaic (PV) installations have proliferated, PV systems on some U.S. homes still receive no value during an appraisal because comparable home sales are lacking. To value residential PV, some previous studies have employed paired-sales appraisal methods to analyze small PV home samples in depth, while others have used statistical methods to analyze large samples. Our first-of-its-kind study connects the two approaches. It uses appraisal methods to evaluate sales price premiums for owned PV systems on single-unit detached houses that were also evaluated in a large statistical study. Independent appraisers evaluated 43 recent home sales pairs in six states: California, Oregon, Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania. We compare these results with contributory-value estimates—based on income (using the PV Value® tool), gross cost, and net cost—as well as hedonic modeling results from the recent statistical study. The results provide strong, appraisal-based evidence of PV premiums in all states. More importantly, the results support the use of cost- and incomebased PV premium estimates when paired-sales analysis is impossible. PV premiums from the paired-sales analysis are most similar to net PV cost estimates. PV Value® income results generally track the appraised premiums, although conservatively. The appraised premiums are in agreement with the hedonic modeling results as well, which bolsters the suitability of both approaches for estimating PV home premiums. Therefore, these results will benefit valuation professionals and mortgage lenders who increasingly are encountering homes equipped with PV and need to understand the factors that can both contribute to and detract from market value.

  19. Appraisal, coping, health status, and psychological symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folkman, S; Lazarus, R S; Gruen, R J; DeLongis, A

    1986-03-01

    In this study we examined the relation between personality factors (mastery and interpersonal trust), primary appraisal (the stakes a person has in a stressful encounter), secondary appraisal (options for coping), eight forms of problem- and emotion-focused coping, and somatic health status and psychological symptoms in a sample of 150 community-residing adults. Appraisal and coping processes should be characterized by a moderate degree of stability across stressful encounters for them to have an effect on somatic health status and psychological symptoms. These processes were assessed in five different stressful situations that subjects experienced in their day-to-day lives. Certain processes (e.g., secondary appraisal) were highly variable, whereas others (e.g., emotion-focused forms of coping) were moderately stable. We entered mastery and interpersonal trust, and primary appraisal and coping variables (aggregated over five occasions), into regression analyses of somatic health status and psychological symptoms. The variables did not explain a significant amount of the variance in somatic health status, but they did explain a significant amount of the variance in psychological symptoms. The pattern of relations indicated that certain variables were positively associated and others negatively associated with symptoms.

  20. Cost-Appraising Techniques For Route Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Pi-Yun

    1987-01-01

    Cost appraisal is one of the most important elements in route planning, especially when dynamic programming is employed in the search technique. Different missions require different routes; for example, a mission may require a minimum-length path, a terrain-constrained path, a tactical path, a threat-avoidance path, a fuel-constrained path, or a combination of such paths. An optimal path is the path whose total cost is appraised to be the minimum. One difficulty in cost appraisal is in identifying common as well as mission-specific parameters. Another difficulty is in ranking the weighting coefficients, or equivalently the importance factors. Many papers can be found on finding an optimal path for some cost function. However, there has been much less published analysis discussing the detailed definitions of cost-measuring functions other than the familiar Euclidean metrics. Known methods of cost appraisal tend to be either exclusively heuristic or numerical. In this paper we present a new formulation of cost appraisal in which intertwined employment of both approaches is evident. An application example is given.

  1. Appraisals, burnout and outcomes in informal caregiving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Haejung; Singh, Jagdip

    2010-03-01

    This study draws from the resource depletion and conservation theories to develop a process model of informal caregiving. The model includes the burnout as a key mediator of the relationship between benefit/threat appraisals and critical outcomes including perceived physical health, depression and life satisfaction. A self-report questionnaire was utilized to collect relevant data from 137 informal caregivers of older adults. The proposed model and hypotheses were evaluated with the Structural Equation Modeling method using the software EQS. The relatively high reported levels of emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment established the relevance of the burnout construct for informal caregivers. In addition, the test of the proposed model provides support for the hypothesis that burnout is an important mediator in the appraisal process model of informal caregiving. However, while burnout effectively mediates the influence of threat appraisals, its role in mediating the effect of benefit appraisals is mixed. The proposed model and results highlight the significance and potential for utilizing a process approach for understanding the link between appraisals and outcomes for informal caregivers. More importantly, the proposed model suggests that attention must be paid toward burnout tendencies to reveal fruitful intervention directions for researchers and practitioners to enhance the positive outcomes of informal caregivers, and maintain their psychological and physical well-being. Copyright © 2010 Korean Society of Nursing Science. Published by . All rights reserved.

  2. Assessing and appraising nursing students' professional communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diers, Jane E.

    The purpose of this research was to define professional communication in nursing and to develop a prototype to assess and appraise communication at a selected college. The research focused on verbal and nonverbal communication between the nurse and the client using a simulated environment. The first objective was to identify the major characteristics of professional communication in nursing. In this study, the characteristics of professional communication emerged from the constant comparison method of the results of research studies in the fields of healthcare and communication. These characteristics became the elements, representative properties, and descriptive dimensions to assess and appraise verbal and nonverbal communication at the college of study. The second objective was to develop a template to assess verbal and nonverbal communication at a selected college. Using a two-fold process, the researcher used the results from the first objective to begin template construction. First, specialists in the fields of communication and nursing established the content validity of the elements, representative properties, and descriptive dimensions. Second, the course educators determined the relevancy and importance of the elements, properties, and descriptive dimensions to the objectives of two courses at the college of study. The third objective was to develop a rubric to appraise nursing students' verbal and nonverbal communication in a videotaped communication review. An appraisal rubric was constructed from an extension of the template. This rubric was then tested by faculty at the selected college to appraise the communication of five students each in the junior and senior years of the nursing program.

  3. Asking the Right Questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvin, Ruth Mehrtens

    1990-01-01

    Like good researchers, writers about research need to be able to tell whether scientific findings are valid. Six questions, to be asked of the researcher, can help the writer explain to others. A healthy skepticism is also important; there may be signals that more questions should be asked. (MSE)

  4. Epistemology: 5 Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Epistemology: 5 Questions is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in epistemology. We hear their views on epistemology with particular emphasis on the intersection between mainstream and formal approaches to the field......; the aim, scope, the future direction of epistemology and how their work fits in these respects...

  5. Legal Philosophy - Five Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This collection gathers together a host of the most eminent contemporary legal philosophers, who writes about their take on legal philosophy, its fundamental questions and potential.......This collection gathers together a host of the most eminent contemporary legal philosophers, who writes about their take on legal philosophy, its fundamental questions and potential....

  6. Let's Switch Questioning Around

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovani, Cris

    2015-01-01

    English teacher Cris Tovani knows from her experiences teaching elementary school that students are naturally curious. But, too often, students are so trained to be question answerers that by the time they reach high school, they no longer form questions of their own and instead focus on trying to figure out what answer the teacher wants. Tovani…

  7. Analysis of Appraising Agricultural Intangible Asset Value by Cost Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of describing the connotation of agricultural intangible asset and cost method,the technical ideas of appraising by cost method are introduced.The article analyzes the advantages(simple appraisal principle and easy to understand and grasp;overall consideration of various factors related to appraisal result value) and disadvantages(high appraisal cost;difficult to appraise and grasp various appraisal factors) of appraising by cost method.The article also summarizes the precondition of appraising by cost method:it is applicable to appraise the agricultural intangible asset which can be reproduced and afresh developed.Based on the cognition of agricultural intangible asset and the relevant rules of Ministry of Finance on appraisal of intangible asset by using cost method,the model of appraising agricultural intangible asset by cost method is constructed.That is:agricultural intangible asset value = replacement cost of agricultural intangible asset ×newness rate + opportunity cost of agricultural intangible asset.Determine and analyze parameters of the model,in order to offer references for appraisers to appraise agricultural intangible asset value more reasonably.

  8. Xpros: a Fuzzy Expert System for Prospect Appraisal XPROS : un système expert flou pour l'évaluation de prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li L. H.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available We have developed a fuzzy expert system (XPROS based on the fuzzy multicriteria decision-making paradigm for prospect evaluation. XPROS considers all available information, which are usually fragmentary and imprecise - the kind of information which cannot be incorporated in traditional methods. In essence, XPROS employs fuzzy implications to gauge satisfaction levels associated with each measure of the characteristics associated with the source rock, reservoir, trap, and seal. In this paper we describe XPROS illustrated with a case study. Nous avons développé un système expert flou, XPROS, qui s'appuie sur le paradigme de la prise de décision multicritères en univers incertain pour évaluer un prospect. XPROS utilise l'ensemble des informations disponibles, qu'on ne peut en général prendre en compte dans les méthodes conventionnelles, car elles sont souvent partielles et imprécises. XPROS exploite des implications floues pour calculer les niveaux de satisfaction associés aux diverses mesures des caractéristiques du prospect : roche-mère, réservoir, piège, couverture. Cet article contient la description de XPROS et une illustration sur un cas d'application.

  9. Nanodesign: some basic questions

    CERN Document Server

    Schommers, Wolfram

    2013-01-01

    There is no doubt that nanoscience will be the dominant direction for technology in this century, and that this science will influence our lives to a large extent as well as open completely new perspectives on all scientific and technological disciplines. To be able to produce optimal nanosystems with tailor-made properties, it is necessary to analyze and construct such systems in advance by adequate theoretical and computational methods. Since we work in nanoscience and nanotechnology at the ultimate level, we have to apply the basic laws of physics. What methods and tools are relevant here? The book gives an answer to this question. The background of the theoretical methods and tools is critically discussed, and also the world view on which these physical laws are based. Such a debate is not only of academic interest but is of highly general concern, and this is because we constantly move in nanoscience and nanotechnology between two extreme poles, between infinite life and total destruction . On the one ...

  10. [Evaluation of Wits appraisal with superimposition method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, T; Ahn, J; Baumrind, S

    1999-07-01

    To compare the conventional Wits appraisal with superimposed Wits appraisal in evaluation of sagittal jaw relationship change between pre and post orthodontic treatment. The sample consists of 48-case pre and post treatment lateral head films. Computerized digitizing is used to get the cephalometric landmarks and measure conventional Wits value, superimposed Wits value and ANB angle. The correlation analysis among these three measures was done by SAS statistical package. The change of ANB angle has higher correlation with the change of superimposed Wits than that of the conventional Wits. The r-value is as high as 0.849 (P < 0.001). The superimposed Wits appraisal reflects the change of sagittal jaw relationship more objectively than the conventional one.

  11. What is a Question?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuth, Kevin H.; Clancy, Daniel (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    A given question can be defined in terms of the set of statements or assertions that answer it. Application of the logic of inference to this set of assertions allows one to derive the logic of inquiry among questions. There are interesting symmetries between the logics of inference and inquiry; where probability describes the degree to which a premise implies an assertion, there exists an analogous quantity that describes the bearing or relevance that a question has on an outstanding issue. These have been extended to suggest that the logic of inquiry results in functional relationships analogous to, although more general than, those found in information theory. Employing lattice theory, I examine in greater detail the structure of the space of assertions and questions demonstrating that the symmetries between the logical relations in each of the spaces derive directly from the lattice structure. Furthermore, I show that while symmetries between the spaces exist, the two lattices are not isomorphic. The lattice of assertions is described by a Boolean lattice 2(sup N) whereas the lattice of real questions is shown to be a sublattice of the free distributive lattice FD(N) = 2(sup 2(sup N)). Thus there does not exist a one-to-one mapping of assertions to questions, there is no reflection symmetry between the two spaces, and questions in general do not possess unique complements. Last, with these lattice structures in mind, I discuss the relationship between probability, relevance and entropy.

  12. 24 CFR 200.35 - Appraisal standards-nondiscrimination requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Practice must include a statement that the racial/ethnic composition of the neighborhood surrounding the... the selection of appraiser. In the selection of an appraiser, there shall be no discrimination on...

  13. Perceived Role of the Journal Clubs in Teaching Critical Appraisal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Perceived Role of the Journal Clubs in Teaching Critical Appraisal Skills: A Survey of ... The development of skills in critical acquisition and appraisal of the literature is ... The commonest form of feedback was verbal from the consultants and ...

  14. Assessing performance enhancing tools: experiences with the open performance review and appraisal system (OPRAS and expectations towards payment for performance (P4P in the public health sector in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songstad Nils

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Health workers’ motivation is a key determinant of the quality of health services, and poor motivation has been found to be an obstacle to service delivery in many low-income countries. In order to increase the quality of service delivery in the public sector in Tanzania, the Open Performance Review and Appraisal System (OPRAS has been implemented, and a new results-based payment system, Payment for performance (P4P is introduced in the health sector. This article addresses health workers’ experiences with OPRAS, expectations towards P4P and how lessons learned from OPRAS can assist in the implementation of P4P. The broader aim is to generate knowledge on health workers’ motivation in low-income contexts. Methods A qualitative study design has been employed to elicit data on health worker motivation at a general level and in relation to OPRAS and P4P in particular. Focus group discussions (FGDs and in-depth interviews (IDIs have been conducted with nursing staff, clinicians and administrators in the public health sector in a rural district in Tanzania. The study has an ethnographic backdrop based on earlier long-term fieldwork in Tanzania. Results Health workers evaluated OPRAS and P4P in terms of the benefits experienced or expected from complying with the tools. The study found a general reluctance towards OPRAS as health workers did not see OPRAS as leading to financial gains nor did it provide feedback on performance. Great expectations were expressed towards P4P due to its prospects of topping up salaries, but the links between the two performance enhancing tools were unclear. Conclusions Health workers respond to performance enhancing tools based on whether the tools are found appropriate or yield any tangible benefits. The importance placed on salary and allowances forms the setting in which OPRAS operates. The expected addition to the salary through P4P has created a vigorous discourse among health workers

  15. Performance appraisal and merit recognition exercise 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    The 2007 performance appraisal and merit recognition exercise will start in the usual way with annual interviews between staff and their supervisors. This year, these interviews should be held in the period from 8 January 2007 to 16 April 2007. Interconnection with the 5-yearly review, a number of modifications to the procedures relating to the performance appraisal and merit recognition are currently under study. Administrative Circular No. 26 (Procedures governing the Career Development of Staff Members) and the electronic MAPS form in EDH are being reviewed and will be available from January onwards. HR Department will shortly provide further information on this subject. Human Resources Department Tel. 73566

  16. Assessment vs. appraisal of ethical aspects of health technology assessment: can the distinction be upheld?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandman, Lars; Heintz, Emelie

    2014-01-01

    An essential component of health technology assessment (HTA) is the assessment of ethical aspects. In some healthcare contexts, tasks are strictly relegated to different expert groups: the HTA-agencies are limited to assessment of the technology and other actors within the health care sector are responsible for appraisal and recommendations. Ethical aspects of health technologies are considered with reference to values or norms in such a way that may be prescriptive, or offer guidance as to how to act or relate to the issue in question. Given this internal prescriptivity, the distinction between assessment and appraisal seems difficult to uphold, unless the scrutiny stops short of a full ethical analysis of the technology. In the present article we analyse the distinction between assessment and appraisal, using as an example ethical aspects of implementation of GPS-bracelets for people with dementia. It is concluded that for HTA-agencies with a strictly delineated assessment role, the question of how to deal with the internal prescriptivity of ethics may be confusing. A full ethical analysis might result in a definite conclusion as to whether the technology in question is ethically acceptable or not, thereby limiting choices for decision-makers, who are required to uphold certain ethical values and norms. At the same time, depending on the exact nature of such a conclusion, different action strategies can be supported. A positive appraisal within HTA could result in a decision on mandatory implementation, or funding of the technology, thereby making it available to patients, or decisions to allow and even encourage the use of the technology (even if someone else will have to fund it). A neutral appraisal, giving no definite answer as to whether implementation is recommended or not, could result in a laissez-faire attitude towards the technology. A negative appraisal could result in a decision to discourage or even prohibit implementation. This paper presents an

  17. Assessment vs. appraisal of ethical aspects of health technology assessment: can the distinction be upheld?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandman, Lars

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available [english] An essential component of health technology assessment (HTA is the assessment of ethical aspects. In some healthcare contexts, tasks are strictly relegated to different expert groups: the HTA-agencies are limited to assessment of the technology and other actors within the health care sector are responsible for appraisal and recommendations. Ethical aspects of health technologies are considered with reference to values or norms in such a way that may be prescriptive, or offer guidance as to how to act or relate to the issue in question. Given this internal prescriptivity, the distinction between assessment and appraisal seems difficult to uphold, unless the scrutiny stops short of a full ethical analysis of the technology. In the present article we analyse the distinction between assessment and appraisal, using as an example ethical aspects of implementation of GPS-bracelets for people with dementia. It is concluded that for HTA-agencies with a strictly delineated assessment role, the question of how to deal with the internal prescriptivity of ethics may be confusing. A full ethical analysis might result in a definite conclusion as to whether the technology in question is ethically acceptable or not, thereby limiting choices for decision-makers, who are required to uphold certain ethical values and norms. At the same time, depending on the exact nature of such a conclusion, different action strategies can be supported. A positive appraisal within HTA could result in a decision on implementation, or of the technology, thereby making it available to patients, or decisions to and even the use of the technology (even if someone else will have to fund it. A neutral appraisal, giving no definite answer as to whether implementation is recommended or not, could result in a towards the technology. A negative appraisal could result in a decision to or even implementation. This paper presents an overview of the implications of different outcomes

  18. ON REICH'S OPEN QUESTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张石生

    2003-01-01

    Under more general form and more general conditions an affirmative answer to Reich's open question is given. The results presented also extend and improve some recent results of Reich, Shioji, Takahashi and Wittmann.

  19. Performance Appraisal for Librarians: A Guided Self-Study Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Sally

    Intended for use by library managers, this self-study guide provides an introduction to performance appraisal as an effective tool in human resource management, and a review of the extensive management literature on performance appraisal. Topics discussed include: (1) the functions of performance appraisal, which include the provision of…

  20. Performance Appraisal in UK Universities: A Case of Procedural Compliance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryman, Alan; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Research evidence concerning the introduction of performance appraisal in United Kingdom universities is presented. The notion of "procedural compliance" is introduced to draw attention to the largely externally imposed appraisal of universities and to the nature of institutional response. Findings of a study of appraisal in four…

  1. 76 FR 5161 - Determination Regarding National Appraisal Complaint Hotline

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ... INSTITUTIONS EXAMINATION COUNCIL Determination Regarding National Appraisal Complaint Hotline AGENCY: Appraisal... regarding a national appraisal complaint hotline. SUMMARY: Pursuant to section 1473(p) of the Dodd-Frank... determined that no one national hotline presently exists that fully complies with the Act. The...

  2. 28 CFR 345.41 - Performance appraisal for inmate workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Performance appraisal for inmate workers... FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Worker Standards and Performance Appraisal § 345.41 Performance appraisal for inmate workers. Work supervisors should complete a...

  3. Content Appraisal as a Method for Measuring the Effectiveness & Usability of Online Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadeau, Jenifer; Heidorn, Neely; Broady, Nick; Whittle, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Content appraisal is a simple, qualitative system to identify modifications to make website material more useful to clientele. This system provides a comprehensive evaluation of content, focuses on content strategy, identifies weaknesses, and provides recommendations for improvement. The criteria examined included knowledge level,…

  4. Hydrologic-economic appraisal of life-cycle costs of inter-basin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-07-08

    Jul 8, 2013 ... INTRODUCTION. This article reviews the methodology of appraising inter-basin ... during the planning of the Usutu-Vaal Government Water. Scheme .... the state of the system at decision date, the changes in system configuration .... Zaaihoek and Heyshope transfers supported the Vaal Dam for the period ...

  5. HT公司绩效评价体系存在问题及解决对策%Existing Problems and Solutions of Department Performance Appraisal System in HT Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟萍

    2014-01-01

    本文基于HT公司的生产管理特点,首先从绩效目标制定的程序不科学、考核周期太长、绩效评价方法不完善等六方面分析了HT公司绩效评价存在的问题;其次从成立绩效考评委员会、建立以绩效为导向的企业文化、明确员工的职业发展道路等五个方面提出解决对策。%Based on the production and management features of HT company, this paper first analyzes the problems of performance appraisal of HT company including unscientific goal setting procedure, over long appraisal period, imperfect performance evaluation methods and so on. And then countermeasures are put forward including establishment of performance appraisal commission, promoting performance oriented corporate culture and clear occupation development of staff.

  6. A Web-Based Compendium of Clinical Questions and Medical Evidence To Educate Internal Medicine Residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Steven H.; Owens, Thomas A.; Schardt, Connie M.; Wardell, Sarah I.; Peterson, Josh; Garrison, Scott; Keitz, Sheri A.

    2003-01-01

    Describes an electronic database of clinical questions (CQs) and medical evidence, the Critical Appraisal Resource (CAR). Evaluation of ten months of use found that medical residents did engage the medical literature on behalf of their patients, which influenced approximately half of their patient-care decisions. (EV)

  7. [Questions safety and tendency of using genetically modified microorganisms in food, food additives and food derived].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khovaev, A A

    2008-01-01

    In this article analysis questions of using genetically modified microorganisms in manufacture food production, present new GMM used in manufacture -food ferments; results of medical biological appraisal/ microbiological and genetic expert examination/ of food, getting by use microorganisms or there producents with indication modern of control methods.

  8. Air Force Job Performance Appraisal System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-11-01

    proves d aed ress cl 1 ; gr inds ;) ans advi;es dlosk’ a". gears plots Salters dei n,[1tes goes publicises -. :. . .. . , de" . v 5 ; guards p romo t...times per year. (2) Must be able to correctly quote label application instructions, including allowable wind speeds, when approached in the •,ield with

  9. Air Force Senior Executive Appraisal System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    1 .111.a p’ 2. Ret vis rit( to ra’nd itot, risinag , anra’a a andl a mo’rh iva . a il and ac lii’v’ a rat io of 15/55 it di rect/ indire’ct vosts IPN...II ail . %a iritI Ia I raaa inr iial I ni .N aaa f piaI I i’aa’a reI eI f IlIa, joIaa slial ’. i -aatit aI ita Irl- it IIN tipo tt tIhaI I iadil...I’ic4, 1,oiu-io liu :1ciple’nie’iiaieii eefti1’ re coiiiiiviei is e’s-eiltiai if the SEK \\S i- to peerformi ehe ie ll’. tl fioii for wic h it Iva . e

  10. Performance Appraisals Systems in the Middle Eeast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giangreco, Antonio; Carugati, Andrea; Pilati, Massimo

    2010-01-01

    ) articulated around five main logics: control, continuity, formality, information and motivation. On the basis of this literature review and exemplified through a case study, we show that research on PAS in the ME cannot be conducted assuming the same logics. The evaluation of success and failure of PAS...

  11. Gender differences within 360‐degree managerial performance appraisals

    OpenAIRE

    Millmore, Mike; Biggs, David M; Morse, Laura

    2007-01-01

    Purpose\\ud – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of gender on the performance assessments of managers arising from the 360‐degree scheme operated within the UK headquarters of a large multi‐international financial services organisation.\\ud \\ud Design/methodology/approach\\ud – A questionnaire approach was used to collect data on 66 managers (33 males and 33 females) against four broad capabilities on the 360‐degree appraisal system. Data were gathered on each of the 66 managers ...

  12. Two Decades of European Climate Policy: A Critical Appraisal

    OpenAIRE

    Christoph Böhringer

    2013-01-01

    Climate change ranks high on the policy agenda of the European Union (EU) which considers itself as a leading force in the battle against anthropogenic climate change. The EU is committed to the objective of limiting the rise in global average temperature to no more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. This article provides a critical appraisal of two decades of EU climate policy. Based on the global nature of climate ch...

  13. 5 CFR 1330.403 - System certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 1330.403 System certification. (a) The performance appraisal system(s) covering senior employees must be... § 430.210, as applicable. In some agencies, the performance appraisal system(s) covers employees in...

  14. 5 CFR 430.403 - System certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 430.403 System certification. (a) The performance appraisal system(s) covering senior employees must be certified by OPM, with OMB concurrence, as... agencies, the performance appraisal system(s) covers employees in many organizations and/or components,...

  15. The transboundary non-renewable Nubian Aquifer System of Chad, Egypt, Libya and Sudan: classical groundwater questions and parsimonious hydrogeologic analysis and modelin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voss, Clifford I.; Soliman, Safaa M.

    2014-01-01

    Parsimonious groundwater modeling provides insight into hydrogeologic functioning of the Nubian Aquifer System (NAS), the world’s largest non-renewable groundwater system (belonging to Chad, Egypt, Libya, and Sudan). Classical groundwater-resource issues exist (magnitude and lateral extent of drawdown near pumping centers) with joint international management questions regarding transboundary drawdown. Much of NAS is thick, containing a large volume of high-quality groundwater, but receives insignificant recharge, so water-resource availability is time-limited. Informative aquifer data are lacking regarding large-scale response, providing only local-scale information near pumps. Proxy data provide primary underpinning for understanding regional response: Holocene water-table decline from the previous pluvial period, after thousands of years, results in current oasis/sabkha locations where the water table still intersects the ground. Depletion is found to be controlled by two regional parameters, hydraulic diffusivity and vertical anisotropy of permeability. Secondary data that provide insight are drawdowns near pumps and isotope-groundwater ages (million-year-old groundwaters in Egypt). The resultant strong simply structured three-dimensional model representation captures the essence of NAS regional groundwater-flow behavior. Model forecasts inform resource management that transboundary drawdown will likely be minimal—a nonissue—whereas drawdown within pumping centers may become excessive, requiring alternative extraction schemes; correspondingly, significant water-table drawdown may occur in pumping centers co-located with oases, causing oasis loss and environmental impacts.

  16. The transboundary non-renewable Nubian Aquifer System of Chad, Egypt, Libya and Sudan: classical groundwater questions and parsimonious hydrogeologic analysis and modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voss, Clifford I.; Soliman, Safaa M.

    2014-03-01

    Parsimonious groundwater modeling provides insight into hydrogeologic functioning of the Nubian Aquifer System (NAS), the world's largest non-renewable groundwater system (belonging to Chad, Egypt, Libya, and Sudan). Classical groundwater-resource issues exist (magnitude and lateral extent of drawdown near pumping centers) with joint international management questions regarding transboundary drawdown. Much of NAS is thick, containing a large volume of high-quality groundwater, but receives insignificant recharge, so water-resource availability is time-limited. Informative aquifer data are lacking regarding large-scale response, providing only local-scale information near pumps. Proxy data provide primary underpinning for understanding regional response: Holocene water-table decline from the previous pluvial period, after thousands of years, results in current oasis/sabkha locations where the water table still intersects the ground. Depletion is found to be controlled by two regional parameters, hydraulic diffusivity and vertical anisotropy of permeability. Secondary data that provide insight are drawdowns near pumps and isotope-groundwater ages (million-year-old groundwaters in Egypt). The resultant strong simply structured three-dimensional model representation captures the essence of NAS regional groundwater-flow behavior. Model forecasts inform resource management that transboundary drawdown will likely be minimal—a nonissue—whereas drawdown within pumping centers may become excessive, requiring alternative extraction schemes; correspondingly, significant water-table drawdown may occur in pumping centers co-located with oases, causing oasis loss and environmental impacts.

  17. Discussion on Performance Appraisal%绩效考核问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗惠娜

    2011-01-01

    Performance appraisal is an important tool of improving performance.A performance test is the basis of promotion and rewards, and the training.However, in reality, many units' performance appraisal becomes a "preliminaries" and in the process it is not standard, and the performance appraisal role is not to exerted.Therefore, we need to analyze performace appraisal work of China's enterprise and public institution and set the performance appraisal system.%绩效考核是提高绩效的重要工具.绩效考核是晋升、奖励和培训的依据.然而在现实中,很多单位的绩效考核都成了"走过场",在考核的过程中没有规范进行,从而没有把绩效考核的作用发挥出来.因此,需要对我国企事业单位的绩效考核工作进行分析、并设定科学的绩效考核体系.

  18. Role of Appraisals in Energy Efficiency Financing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doyle, V.; Bhargava, A.

    2012-05-01

    This research identifies barriers and challenges and current industry status including several key appraisal industry developments for identifying and valuing energy efficiency, critical obstacles to documenting and assessing the potential added value from energy efficiency improvements, current opportunities to support and standardize reporting on energy efficiency and to ensure proper valuation, and next steps towards enabling energy efficiency financing market transformation.

  19. Energy considerations in real estate appraising

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-04-01

    Purposes of the seminar on the subject, the basis of this report, include the following: (1) to provide the appraiser an opportunity to learn how to identify and analyze the actual physical consumption of energy as well as the energy-saving improvements in properties under appraisal and in comparable sale and lease properties; (2) to help the appraiser in developing methods to keep meaningful records on the energy consumption of subject and comparable properties so as to observe in an orderly way the behavior of buyers, sellers, tenants, landlords, borrowers, and lenders with respect to energy efficiency; and (3) to assist the appraiser in learning to measure the relative sensitivities of the various segments of the market to energy considerations as indicated by differences in sale prices and rentals. To achieve these goals, the seminar employed two case studies, one for a angle-family residence and one for a multi-family building, both in Topeka, Kansas. The case studies are for illustrative purposes only; in applying the lessons of the seminar to their own daily work, students should be careful to develop information that is pertinent to their subject properties and subject areas and not rely on any of the particulars laid out in the cases.

  20. 32 CFR 644.42 - Appraisal report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... appraiser's final conclusion of market value. (2) The use of preprinted narrative sales data sheets is... concern. All graphic material shall include captions. 5. STATEMENT OF LIMITING CONDITIONS AND ASSUMPTIONS... designed, dates of original construction and/or additions; include, for privately owned property, a ten...

  1. Evaluating Medical Residents' Literature-Appraisal Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, David T.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    A study of 28 medical residents' skills in evaluating research compared student evaluations of a journal article with 1 developed by means of a Delphi technique utilizing 5 experts. Residents' scores were not significantly associated with residency year or self-assessed critical appraisal skill. The method is proposed as an objective means of…

  2. 7 CFR 1955.128 - Appraisers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Disposal of Inventory Property Use of Contractors to Dispose of Inventory Property § 1955.128 Appraisers. (a) Real property. The State Director may authorize the County...

  3. 12 CFR 34.85 - Appraisal requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... accordance with subpart C of this part; or (ii) An appropriate evaluation when the recorded investment amount is equal to or less than the threshold amount in subpart C of this part. (2) A national bank shall... bank has a valid appraisal or an appropriate evaluation obtained in connection with a real estate loan...

  4. Evaluating Housing Problems through Participatory Rural Appraisal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    planned for the people in order to solve the housing problems within the ... way of learning relatively quickly, by both insiders and outsiders about the ... Action, Participatory Rural Appraisal involves interaction between the ... (3). Force Field Analysis - This is a technique, to visually identify and analyse forces affecting a ...

  5. Employee Perceptions and Value of Performance Appraisals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagnell, Rhea

    2012-01-01

    Performance appraisals traditionally have been studied quantitatively, from the manager's point of view, without considering their value or lack of value to workers. The absence of this information indicates that workers' perceptions and feelings have not always been considered. Therefore, the purpose of this phenomenological study was…

  6. Performance Appraisal of Physical Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahadir, Ziya

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the aim was to determine views of school principals on how performance appraisal of physical education teachers who worked at primary schools should be done. The research was designed in a screening model. The research group composed of 152 school principals and deputy principals who worked at state primary schools located in…

  7. Asking the Right Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richter, Line

    are part of everyday life, children are often the most vulnerable. The project was carried out to shed light on mainly two types of diseases - malaria and diarrheal diseases - that strike children. In practice the academic backgrounds of the researchers played a role in the methodological approach...... to the field. By emphasizing the logos in methodology this paper wishes to underscore that where anthropology sets itself apart from public health is, among other, in the way anthropologists think about method and how this affects fieldwork practices as well as analyses. By tracing two concepts, hygiene......, is the ability to move beyond even the best hidden assumptions and question our own questions, thereby enabling us to ask the right questions....

  8. A new composite decision support framework for strategic and sustainable transport appraisals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Michael Bruhn; Salling, Kim Bang

    2015-01-01

    . The proposed framework is based on the use of cost-benefit analysis featuring feasibility risk assessment in combination with multi-criteria decision analysis and is supported by the concept of decision conferencing. The framework is applied for a transport related case study dealing with the complex decision......This paper concerns the development of a new decision support framework for the appraisal of transport infrastructure projects. In such appraisals there will often be a need for including both conventional transport impacts as well as criteria of a more strategic and/or sustainable character....... The outcome of the case study demonstrates the decision making framework as a valuable decision support system (DSS), and it is concluded that appraisals of transport projects can be effectively supported by the use of the DSS. Finally, perspectives of the future modelling work are given....

  9. The Question Concerning Thinking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riis, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Martin Heidegger's thought-provoking essay "The Question Concerning Technology" (1977a) placed technology at the heart of philosophy. Heidegger tried to show that the essence of technology provokes humans to think about the world in a very dangerous way. Yet if we follow Heidegger's analysis......, by doing so, we will in the end realize two important things. First, that Heidegger's declaration of the end of philosophy in fact also means the end of anything we can meaningfully call thinking. Second, that Heidegger's own thinking is completely different from his own ideal of thinking. Our question...

  10. The social question revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kenneth, Petersson; Olsson, Ulf; Krejsler, John B.

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this chapter is the re-installation of the social question as a historical practice. The purpose is to investigate how historic figures return and are applied in contemporary political discourses, more precisely in the context of education, education policy and teacher education...... the diversity of relevant populations “without obstacles related to their social and economic background”. In the 19th century the social question was raised in a context of industrialization of societies. It dealt with suggestions about disintegration of predominant social structures and the management...

  11. Review of Administration Appraisal and Sci-Tech Policy Appraisal in Taiwan%台湾地区施政评价与科技政策评价概况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨黎芳

    2015-01-01

    从评价机构、施政计划管制考核平台、施政计划管制考核流程3个方面,介绍台湾地区的施政评价和科技政策计划评价现状,并从科技政策的范畴、发展体系、评价体系、评价趋势等方面,介绍台湾地区科技研究发展项目计划的绩效考评,旨在为祖国大陆地区有关工作提供借鉴.%The paper introduces status quo of administration appraisal and sci-tech policy appraisal in Taiwan from 3 aspects of evaluation organization, control appraisal platform of administration program, and control appraisal process of administration program;and introduces performance evaluation of sci-tech research and development programs in Taiwan from aspects of category, development system, appraisal system, and appraisal trends of sci-tech policy, so as to provide references for relevant work in China mainland.

  12. 360 Derece Performans Değerlendirme ve Geri Bildirim: Bir Üniversite Mediko-Sosyal Merkezi Birim Amirlerinin Yönetsel Yetkinliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi Üzerine Pilot Uygulama Örneği(360 Degree Performance Appraisal And Feedback: “A Pilot Study Illustration in Appraising the Managerial Skills of Supervisors Working in Health Care Centre of a University”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selin Metin CAMGÖZ

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, “360 Degree Performance Appraisal” which is one of the most current and controversial issues of human resource practices is extensively examined and supported with an empirical research. The study contains 2 parts. After explaining the necessity and the general utilities of the classical performance appraisal system, the first theoretical part shifts to the emergence of 360 degree performance appraisal, discusses its distinctive benefits over the classical appraisal system and focuses its attention to the raters (superiors, subordinates, peers, self involving in the 360 degree performance appraisal.The second empirical part illustrates the development of 360 degree performance appraisal system as well as its application and sample feedback reports for feedback purposes in order to appraise the managerial skills of supervisors working in Health Care Centre of a public university.

  13. Evidence-based practice for the busy nurse practitioner: part three: critical appraisal process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Facchiano, Lynda; Snyder, Charlene Hoffman

    2012-12-01

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) involves integrating research evidence with clinical expertise to answer clinical practice inquiries. The purpose of part 3 of this EBP series is to provide an introductory overview of the critical appraisal process, relevant clinical measurements, and critical thinking skills that can enhance nurse practitioners' (NPs') confidence in the clinical decision-making process. Scientific literature review, gray literature, PubMed and other online literature databases and resources, and online EBP websites. Critical appraisal skills can assist NPs in interpreting available research, determining its validity reliability, and applicability to their clinical practice. Similarities in the critical appraisal process center around determining a study's reliability, validity, and applicability to the client(s) in question, while the differences exist in the clinical measurements used within specific research designs. Because medicine is an evolving field, access to knowledge sources that address diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic questions is essential for the NP in order to maintain best practice skills. Making EBP user friendly for the practicing NP is paramount for utilization of best evidence. ©2012 The Author(s) Journal compilation ©2012 American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.

  14. Appraisal of work ability in relation to job-specific health requirements in ambulance workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Schaaijk, A; Boschman, J S; Frings-Dresen, M H W; Sluiter, J K

    2017-01-01

    To gain insight into which job-specific health requirements relate to work ability, the following two research questions were formulated: Which job-specific health requirements are associated with the appraisal of work ability in ambulance drivers and paramedics? How are appraisals of physical and mental work ability associated with the appraisal of overall work ability in ambulance drivers and paramedics? Workers Health Surveillance cross-sectional data of 506 ambulance workers (236 drivers and 270 paramedics) were used. The tests for specific job requirements were divided into six categories. Work ability was appraised as overall, physical and mental/emotional. Multiple linear stepwise regression analyses were used to model the associations. Outcomes in 'raised alertness and judgment ability' (R (2) = 0.09), 'job-specific physical abilities' (R (2) = 0.10) and 'emotional peak load' (R (2) = 0.07) significantly explained appraised overall, physical and mental/emotional work ability. Physical and mental/emotional work ability together explained 48.3% of the variance of overall work ability. The explained variance by physical and mental/emotional work ability was almost 4% higher in drivers than in paramedics. Overall work ability was significantly explained by outcomes in 'raised alertness and judgment ability' and 'emotional peak load.' Physical work ability was significantly explained by 'job-specific physical abilities' and 'raised alertness and judgment ability' outcomes, while 'emotional peak load' and 'raised alertness and judgment ability' outcomes significantly explained mental/emotional work ability. Physical and mental/emotional work ability explains the same proportion of variance in overall work ability.

  15. Questioning Danish Cartoon Images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bojsen, Heidi

    2007-01-01

    Danes today when it is considered demeaning and racist in most other countries. The conclusion does emphatically not plead in favour of law enforced limitations of the freedom of expression, but does question the prevalent "freedom of ignorance" concerning black identities which means...

  16. Questions English Teachers Ask.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuman, R. Baird

    This volume is based on the responses of 374 English teachers at the secondary and college levels to a letter asking them to describe the questions that most perplex them professionally. Answers are provided by 88 leaders in English education, including James R. Squire, Walter H. MacGinitie, R. Baird Shuman, Sheila Schwartz, and Ken Macrorie. The…

  17. Game Theory: 5 Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent F.

    Game Theory is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in game theory. We hear their views on game theory, its aim, scope, use, the future direction of game theory and how their work fits in these respects....

  18. Question: Who Can Vote?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodeheaver, Misty D.; Haas, Mary E.

    2008-01-01

    This year's rollercoaster primary elections and the pending national election, with an anticipated record voter turnout, provide the perfect backdrop for an examination of the questions: (1) Who can vote?; and (2) Who will vote? Historically, the American government refused voting rights to various groups based on race, gender, age, and even…

  19. Future Research Questions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walpoth, B.; Daanen, H.A.M.

    2014-01-01

    Immersion hypothermia in humans is described in about 500 scientific papers during a Pubmed search in medical literature with keywords ‘Immersion’, ‘Hypothermia’ and ‘Human’ as of 2014. Many questions still remain, the most important of which are described in this chapter.

  20. Game Theory: 5 Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent F.

    Game Theory is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in game theory. We hear their views on game theory, its aim, scope, use, the future direction of game theory and how their work fits in these respects....

  1. Appraisal and regulation of the ship energy performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badea, N.; Epureanu, A.; Badea, G. V.; Frumuşanu, G.

    2015-11-01

    The ship may be viewed as a living environment associated with two industrial environments, one corresponding to the transport industry and other one to the processing, services, or other specific type of industry developed aboard. Each environment has its own energy system and changes energy with the other two. Nowadays, the appraisal and regulation of the ship energy performance is based on the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI). Its definition covers the three mentioned systems, without distinction between them. This paper addresses the assessment and regulation of the ship energy performance, bearing in mind that, by far, the main purpose is to increase the level of performance by selecting, from the available measures of performance improvement, those that are the most effective. The paper highlights the EEDI shortcomings, explaining that they appear mainly due the fact that this index covers a couple of energy systems that are far too different (though these energy systems are intimately interpenetrated).

  2. Appraising the value of independent EIA follow-up verifiers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wessels, Jan-Albert, E-mail: janalbert.wessels@nwu.ac.za [School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, North-West University, C/O Hoffman and Borcherd Street, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa); Retief, Francois, E-mail: francois.retief@nwu.ac.za [School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, North-West University, C/O Hoffman and Borcherd Street, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa); Morrison-Saunders, Angus, E-mail: A.Morrison-Saunders@murdoch.edu.au [School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, North-West University, C/O Hoffman and Borcherd Street, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa); Environmental Assessment, School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University, Australia. (Australia)

    2015-01-15

    Independent Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) follow-up verifiers such as monitoring agencies, checkers, supervisors and control officers are active on various construction sites across the world. There are, however, differing views on the value that these verifiers add and very limited learning in EIA has been drawn from independent verifiers. This paper aims to appraise how and to what extent independent EIA follow-up verifiers add value in major construction projects in the developing country context of South Africa. A framework for appraising the role of independent verifiers was established and four South African case studies were examined through a mixture of site visits, project document analysis, and interviews. Appraisal results were documented in the performance areas of: planning, doing, checking, acting, public participating and integration with other programs. The results indicate that independent verifiers add most value to major construction projects when involved with screening EIA requirements of new projects, allocation of financial and human resources, checking legal compliance, influencing implementation, reporting conformance results, community and stakeholder engagement, integration with self-responsibility programs such as environmental management systems (EMS), and controlling records. It was apparent that verifiers could be more creatively utilized in pre-construction preparation, providing feedback of knowledge into assessment of new projects, giving input to the planning and design phase of projects, and performance evaluation. The study confirms the benefits of proponent and regulator follow-up, specifically in having independent verifiers that disclose information, facilitate discussion among stakeholders, are adaptable and proactive, aid in the integration of EIA with other programs, and instill trust in EIA enforcement by conformance evaluation. Overall, the study provides insight on how to harness the learning opportunities

  3. An appraisal of meta-analysis guidelines: how do they relate to safety outcomes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennetts, Meg; Whalen, Ed; Ahadieh, Sima; Cappelleri, Joseph C

    2016-09-09

    Although well developed to assess efficacy questions, meta-analyses and, more generally, systematic reviews, have received less attention in application to safety-related questions. As a result, many open questions remain on how best to apply meta-analyses in the safety setting. This appraisal attempts to: (i) summarize the current guidelines for assessing individual studies, systematic reviews, and network meta-analyses; (ii) describe several publications on safety meta-analytic approaches; and (iii) present some of the questions and issues that arise with safety data. A number of gaps in the current quality guidelines are identified along with issues to consider when performing a safety meta-analysis. While some work is ongoing to provide guidance to improve the quality of safety meta-analyses, this review emphasizes the critical need for better reporting and increased transparency regarding safety data in the systematic review guidelines. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Participative Appraisal of Student Performance + Effective Communication Skills = Long-Run Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehman, Carol M; Taylor, G. Stephen

    1991-01-01

    Asserts that, although students need clear, direct feedback about their performance to improve their communication skills, evaluators often find it difficult to provide such feedback. Discusses a performance appraisal system specifically designed for classroom use, including a discussion of communication techniques appropriate for providing…

  5. MCDA and Risk Analysis in Transport Infrastructure Appraisals: the Rail Baltica Case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ambrasaite, Inga; Barfod, Michael Bruhn; Salling, Kim Bang

    2011-01-01

    This paper sets out a decision support system (DSS), COSIMA, involving the combination of cost-benefit analysis and multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) for transport infrastructure appraisals embracing both economic and strategic impacts. However, some shortcomings appear in the methodology...... for the construction of the Rail Baltica railway line through the Baltic countries and Poland....

  6. Development of a Performance Appraisal Training Program for the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Deborah Kilgore

    2004-01-01

    "Nobody wants to get one. Nobody wants to give one." The problem was that the supervisors and managers of the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC) did not know how to use the Institute's new performance management system and had not been trained on how to prepare and deliver effective performance appraisals. The problem further…

  7. Evaluation of 2+2 Alternative Teacher Performance Appraisal Program in Shanxi, People's Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Weiping

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the impact of the 2+2 Alternative Teacher Performance Appraisal System that has been implemented in Shanxi province in China. A mixed research design was used to evaluate the program. Six high schools and a total of 78 teachers (13 teachers in each school) in Shanxi province were selected. Three of the schools participated in…

  8. Appraisal of geodynamic inversion results: a data mining approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, T. S.

    2016-11-01

    Bayesian sampling based inversions require many thousands or even millions of forward models, depending on how nonlinear or non-unique the inverse problem is, and how many unknowns are involved. The result of such a probabilistic inversion is not a single `best-fit' model, but rather a probability distribution that is represented by the entire model ensemble. Often, a geophysical inverse problem is non-unique, and the corresponding posterior distribution is multimodal, meaning that the distribution consists of clusters with similar models that represent the observations equally well. In these cases, we would like to visualize the characteristic model properties within each of these clusters of models. However, even for a moderate number of inversion parameters, a manual appraisal for a large number of models is not feasible. This poses the question whether it is possible to extract end-member models that represent each of the best-fit regions including their uncertainties. Here, I show how a machine learning tool can be used to characterize end-member models, including their uncertainties, from a complete model ensemble that represents a posterior probability distribution. The model ensemble used here results from a nonlinear geodynamic inverse problem, where rheological properties of the lithosphere are constrained from multiple geophysical observations. It is demonstrated that by taking vertical cross-sections through the effective viscosity structure of each of the models, the entire model ensemble can be classified into four end-member model categories that have a similar effective viscosity structure. These classification results are helpful to explore the non-uniqueness of the inverse problem and can be used to compute representative data fits for each of the end-member models. Conversely, these insights also reveal how new observational constraints could reduce the non-uniqueness. The method is not limited to geodynamic applications and a generalized MATLAB

  9. Reward and attitudes: The unintended outcomes of an effective performance appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon M. Semakula-Katende

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Focus was on the role of reward and attitudes as major determinants in enhancing the effectiveness of performance appraisal systems. Research purpose: To develop a structural model from the qualitative and quantitative findings from which to address the identified gaps in order to improve the effectiveness of appraisals. Motivation for the study: The attention that role players tended to give to the rewarding of employees during the appraisal process made it appear as the only important determinant of an appraisal’s success. In appraisals in many public institutions, reward has been given unnecessary prominence over other drivers, such as management and development. That led most key role players (leaders, managers and employees to perceive the current employee performance management and development system (EPMDS to be purely for monetary (salary increments and cash bonuses and non-monetary (promotion purposes, which, in turn, compromised its effectiveness. Research design, approach and method: Structural equation modelling (SEM was utilised as a statistical technique for testing and estimating causal relations using a combination of statistical data and qualitative causal assumptions. This allowed both confirmatory and exploratory modelling to be undertaken, which is suited to both theory testing and theory development. A triangulation of quantitative (questionnaire and qualitative (interview study was conducted. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed to nine government hospitals in the Free State province, namely Mofumahadi Manapo Mopeli, Dihlabeng, and Boitumelo regional hospitals, as well as Elizabeth Ross, Thebe, Phekolong, Mpumelelo, Reitz and Ficksburg district hospitals. There was a high response rate of 96 per cent, a total of 287 completed questionnaires. Respondents ranged from top executives, middle management, line management, to employees of all categories. Main findings: Reward and attitudes were found to

  10. Questions about elastic waves

    CERN Document Server

    Engelbrecht, Jüri

    2015-01-01

    This book addresses the modelling of mechanical waves by asking the right questions about them and trying to find suitable answers. The questions follow the analytical sequence from elementary understandings to complicated cases, following a step-by-step path towards increased knowledge. The focus is on waves in elastic solids, although some examples also concern non-conservative cases for the sake of completeness. Special attention is paid to the understanding of the influence of microstructure, nonlinearity and internal variables in continua. With the help of many mathematical models for describing waves, physical phenomena concerning wave dispersion, nonlinear effects, emergence of solitary waves, scales and hierarchies of waves as well as the governing physical parameters are analysed. Also, the energy balance in waves and non-conservative models with energy influx are discussed. Finally, all answers are interwoven into the canvas of complexity.

  11. Regenerative Endodontics: Burning Questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Anthony J; Cooper, Paul R

    2017-09-01

    Pulp regeneration and its clinical translation into regenerative endodontic procedures are receiving increasing research attention, leading to significant growth of the published scientific and clinical literature within these areas. Development of research strategies, which consider patient-, clinician-, and scientist-based outcomes, will allow greater focus on key research questions driving more rapid clinical translation. Three key areas of focus for these research questions should include cells, signaling, and infection/inflammation. A translational pathway is envisaged in which clinical approaches are increasingly refined to provide regenerative endodontic protocols that are based on a robust understanding of the physiological processes and events responsible for the normal secretion, structure, and biological behavior of pulpal tissue. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Questions to Luce Irigaray

    OpenAIRE

    Ince, Kate

    1996-01-01

    This article traces the "dialogue" between the work of the philosophers Luce Irigaray and Emmanuel Levinas. It attempts to construct a more nuanced discussion than has been given to date of Irigaray's critique of Levinas, particularly as formulated in 'Questions to Emmanuel Levinas' (Irigaray 1991). It suggests that the concepts of the feminine and of voluptuosity articulated by Levinas have more to contribute to Irigaray's project of an ethics of sexual difference than she herself sometimes ...

  13. 501 reading comprehension questions

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This updated edition offers the most extensive and varied practice for all types of questions students might face on standardized and in-class tests. With this guide, students will learn to develop expert reading strategies, understand how to read faster and with greater comprehension, overcome reading anxiety, and increase appreciation of reading for pleasure. This book's step-by-step approach provides graduated coverage that moves from the basics to more advanced reading.

  14. Eight Questions about Corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Jakob Svensson

    2005-01-01

    This paper will discuss eight frequently asked questions about public corruption: (1) What is corruption? (2) Which countries are the most corrupt? (3) What are the common characteristics of countries with high corruption? (4) What is the magnitude of corruption? (5) Do higher wages for bureaucrats reduce corruption? (6) Can competition reduce corruption? (7) Why have there been so few (recent) successful attempts to fight corruption? (8) Does corruption adversely affect growth?

  15. Questioning Many Mysteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Sara F.

    2015-04-01

    The first section of this memoir queries my formative years. Indirectly I address the question, did my childhood and early years make a difference in my choice of career? Why and how did I begin my journey to becoming a scientist? Did I choose the field of solar astronomy or did circumstances dictate it for me? In the second section, I travel through my work environments and experiences, talking about interactions and aspects of being a scientist that do not appear in our research papers. What parts of my research were happenstances and what parts did I plan? What does it feel like to be on scientific quests? Using examples in my journey, I also turn to questions that have intrigued me throughout my sojourn as a solar astronomer. How do scientific discoveries come about? What factors lead to little discoveries? And what factors lead to major exciting discoveries? Are there timely questions we do not think to ask? How can small, seemingly scattered pieces of knowledge suddenly coalesce into a deeper understanding - what is called the "Aha!" experience - the times when our mental light switches on, and with child-like wonder we behold a "big picture"?

  16. Promotional literature: How do we critically appraise?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shetty V

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been a tremendous increase in the number of new and generic drugs coming into the market. The busy practitioner obtains the information from various sources, of which promotional literature forms an important source. The promotional literature provided by the pharmaceutical companies cannot be entirely relied upon; moreover, very few physicians are equipped with the skills of critically appraising it. The new drug should be relevant to the clinician′s practice in terms of population studied, the disease and the need for new treatment. The methodology of the study should be carefully judged to determine the authenticity of the evidence. The new drug should be preferred over the existing one if it offers clear advantages in terms of safety, tolerability, efficacy and price. Critical appraisal of promotional literature can provide valuable information to the busy physician to practice evidence-based medicine.

  17. Not so critical appraisal of dapagliflozin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doggrell SA

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Sheila A Doggrell School of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, AustraliaA recent review by Salvo et al published in Patient Preference and Adherence concerned dapagliflozin, and was titled “Patient considerations in the management of type 2 diabetes – critical appraisal of dapagliflozin”.1 Having read the article, I do not consider it to be a critical appraisal of dapagliflozin. Thus, after comparing dapagliflozin with other oral antidiabetic medications, the authors concluded that “Dapagliflozin’s noted blood pressure reduction, weight loss, and low potential to cause hypoglycemia are advantageous, when compared with currently available oral medications”.1 This statement is not supported by the content of the review and/or the literature. Read the original article 

  18. An Appraisal of Coupled Climate Model Simulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sperber, K; Gleckler, P; Covey, C; Taylor, K; Bader, D; Phillips, T; Fiorino, M; Achutarao, K

    2004-02-24

    In 2002, the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) proposed the concept for a state-of-the-science appraisal of climate models to be performed approximately every two years. Motivation for this idea arose from the perceived needs of the international modeling groups and the broader climate research community to document progress more frequently than provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment Reports. A committee of external reviewers, which included senior researchers from four leading international modeling centers, supported the concept by stating in its review: ''The panel enthusiastically endorses the suggestion that PCMDI develop an independent appraisal of coupled model performance every 2-3 years. This would provide a useful 'mid-course' evaluation of modeling progress in the context of larger IPCC and national assessment activities, and should include both coupled and single-component model evaluations.''

  19. Performance appraisal and advancement exercise 2006

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Department

    2005-01-01

    The 2006 performance appraisal and advancement exercise will start in the usual way with annual interviews between staff and their supervisors. This year, these interviews should be held in the period from 1 December 2005 to 31 March 2006. In this connection, a number of improvements to the procedures relating to the interviews and performance appraisal are currently under study. Administrative Circular No 26 (Procedures governing the Career Development of Staff Members) and the electronic MAPS form in EDH are being reviewed and will be available from December onwards. In the meantime supervisors can start the interview procedure. HR Department will shortly provide further information on this subject. The 2005 MAPS report can be retrieved for consultation at any time via EDH. Human Resources Department Tel. 73566

  20. Performance appraisal and advancement exercise 2006 (Rev)

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Department

    2005-01-01

    The 2006 performance appraisal and advancement exercise will start in the usual way with annual interviews between staff and their supervisors. This year, these interviews should be held in the period from 1 December 2005 to 15 March 2006*. In this connection, a number of improvements to the procedures relating to the interviews and performance appraisals are currently under study. Administrative Circular No. 26 (Procedures Governing the Career Development of Staff Members) and the electronic MAPS form in EDH are being reviewed and will be available from December onwards. In the meantime supervisors can start the interview procedure. HR Department will shortly provide further information on this subject. The 2005 MAPS report can be retrieved for consultation at any time via EDH. * Instead of 31 March, as indicated in the electronic Bulletin No. 47 of 21 November 2005 Human Resources Department Tel. 73566