WorldWideScience

Sample records for quarantine

  1. Foundations of planetary quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, L. B.; Lyle, R. G.

    1971-01-01

    Discussion of some of the problems in microbiology and engineering involved in the implementation of planetary quarantine. It is shown that the solutions require new knowledge in both disciplines for success at low cost in terms of both monetary outlay and man's further exploration of the planets. A related problem exists in that engineers are not accustomed to the wide variation of biological data and microbiologists must learn to work and think in more exact terms. Those responsible for formulating or influencing national and international policies must walk a tightrope with delicate balance between unnecessarily stringent requirements for planetary quarantine on the one hand and prevention of contamination on the other. The success of planetary quarantine measures can be assured only by rigorous measures, each checked, rechecked, and triple-checked to make sure that no errors have been made and that no factor has been overlooked.

  2. Current trends in quarantine entomology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follett, Peter A; Neven, Lisa G

    2006-01-01

    With world trade in agricultural commodities increasing, the introduction of exotic insects into new areas where they become pests will increase. The development and application of quarantine treatments or other mitigation approaches to prevent pest introduction in traded commodities raise many research and regulatory issues. The probit 9 standard for quarantine treatment efficacy has given way to risk-based alternatives. Varietal testing may have merit for some treatments or commodities but not for others. Development of generic treatments to control broad groups of insects or insects in all commodities can expedite new trade in agricultural products. Area-wide pest management programs lower pest levels before harvest and improve the quarantine security provided by any postharvest treatments. Systems approaches capitalize on cumulative pest mortality from multiple control components to achieve quarantine security in an exported commodity. Certain quarantine treatment technologies such as irradiation are not universally accepted, which is slowing their adoption. Standardized phytosanitary measures and research protocols are needed to improve the flow of information when countries propose to trade in a regulated commodity.

  3. 9 CFR 78.42 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quarantined areas. 78.42 Section 78.42 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Brucellosis Areas § 78.42 Quarantined areas. None....

  4. 9 CFR 93.308 - Quarantine requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of the facility; the anticipated source or origin of horses to be quarantined, as well as the... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Horses § 93.308 Quarantine requirements. (a) Except as provided in this section and in § 93.324, horses intended for importation into the United States from any...

  5. 9 CFR 72.5 - Area quarantined in Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Area quarantined in Texas. 72.5... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TEXAS (SPLENETIC) FEVER IN CATTLE § 72.5 Area quarantined in Texas. The area quarantined in Texas is the quarantined area...

  6. 9 CFR 82.3 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DIS- EASE (END) AND CHLAMYDIOSIS Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) § 82.3 Quarantined areas. (a) Any area where birds...

  7. Quarantine testing and biocharacterization of lunar materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, G. R.; Mieszkuc, B. J.; Simmonds, R. C.; Walkinshaw, C. H.

    1975-01-01

    Quarantine testing was conducted to ensure the safety of all life on earth. The plants and animals which were exposed to lunar material were carefully observed for prolonged periods to determine if any mutation or changes in growing characteristics and behavior occurred. The quarantine testing was terminated after the Apollo 14 flight when it became apparent that previously returned lunar material contained no potentially harmful agents. Further biological experimentation with the lunar material was conducted to determine its chemical, physical, and nutritional qualities.

  8. [History of the concept of quarantine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mafart, B; Perret, J L

    1998-01-01

    Quarantine is a concept developed by society to protect against the outbreak of contagious diseases. From its original application in the favorable context of Medieval Europe, the quarantine concept has been driven by three main currents. The first involves the personification of epidemics. Although this personification had superstitious implications and led to many excesses, it did have the merit of establishing a concrete connection between travel and outbreak of disease. The second fundamental aspect of quarantining is the existence of a social organization capable of providing the necessary infrastructure for isolation. Specialized facilities are needed and laws must be made and enforced by competent officials. The last fundamental aspect of the development of the quarantine concept is the role of science. After a long process involving better medical knowledge and international negotiations, epidemic controls has largely outgrown the early stage involving essentially local control measures. In accordance with the development of these three currents, infected individuals have been branded as curse bearers, possible criminals, and innocent victims of natural contamination. While forced quarantine is no longer practiced, several recent examples of heated debates illustrate that strong emotional feelings are still present in societies threatened by epidemic disease outbreak. Since the major responsibility for disease control now rests in their hands, physicians must take these factors into account for management of possible future epidemic crises.

  9. Strategic Thinking and Measures for Plant Quarantine and Food Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guibin; WANG; Jinghan; YANG; Yongmei; LI; Daiju; CUN; Rui; MA; Guiping; FAN

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the importance of plant quarantine to the food safety in China through cases where plant quarantine helps to effectively intercept harmful organisms for food safety and promote export and import trading.It also presents the existing problems in plant quarantine work and appropriate measures.

  10. 9 CFR 93.309 - Horse quarantine facilities; payment information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Horse quarantine facilities; payment...; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Horses § 93.309 Horse quarantine facilities... horses subject to quarantine under the regulations in this part shall arrange for...

  11. 9 CFR 93.312 - Manure from quarantined horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Manure from quarantined horses. 93.312... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Horses § 93.312 Manure from quarantined horses. No manure shall be removed from the quarantine premises until the release of the horses producing same....

  12. 9 CFR 93.311 - Milk from quarantined horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Milk from quarantined horses. 93.311... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Horses § 93.311 Milk from quarantined horses. Milk or cream from horses quarantined under the provisions of this part shall not be used by any person...

  13. CNAL Held International Proficiency Testing Workshop On Animal Quarantine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ From 14th to 16th, July 2004, CNAL held International Proficiency Testing Workshop on Animal Quarantine in TianJin, China. Approximately 50 experts from AQSIQ (General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection & Quarantine of the People's Republic of China) and Ministry of Agriculture who are engaged in the technical and management activities of animal quarantine laboratories attended the workshop.

  14. Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-16

    71.23 of 42 CFR. 47 aula Mindes, Note, Tuberculosis Quarantine: A Review of Legal Issues in Ohio and Other States, 10 J.L. & HEALTH 403, 409 (1995...be demonstrated that unlimited travel to the area would directly and materially interfere with the safety and welfare of the area.”81 In Miller v

  15. Shutt up: bubonic plague and quarantine in early modern England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Kira L S

    2012-01-01

    The outbreak of bubonic plague that struck London and Westminster in 1636 provoked the usual frenzied response to epidemics, including popular flight and government-mandated quarantine. The government asserted that plague control measures were acts of public health for the benefit of all. However, contrary to this government narrative of disease prevention there was a popular account that portrayed quarantine and isolation as personal punishment rather than prudent policy. In examining the 1636 outbreak on the parish as well as the individual level, reasons for this inconsistency between official and unofficial perspectives emerge. Quarantine and its effects were not classless, and its implementation was not always strictly in the name of public health. Government application of quarantine was remarkably effective, but it could never be uncontroversial both because of circumstances and because of misuse. The flight of the wealthiest from London and Westminster left only the more socially vulnerable to be quarantined. Though plague policy was financially sensitive to the poorest, it was costly to the middling sort. Another cause of controversy was the government's use of quarantine as a punishment to control individuals found breaking other laws. Though not widely publicized, popular narratives continually included grievances about the cruelty and inequity of quarantine and the militaristic nature of its implementation. Despite these objections, quarantine remained a staple of the government response to plague outbreaks throughout the seventeenth century.

  16. AQSIQ Builds an Import & Export Commodity Inspection & Quarantine Information Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ To comprehensively strengthen the quality of work and ensure the safe processing of import and export commodities, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China (AQSIQ) recently initiated the establishment of a China import and export commodity inspection and quarantine information database.

  17. 9 CFR 354.124 - Quarantine of diseased rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quarantine of diseased rabbits. 354... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION VOLUNTARY INSPECTION OF RABBITS AND EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Inspection Procedures; Ante-Mortem Inspections § 354.124 Quarantine of diseased rabbits. If live rabbits, which...

  18. 75 FR 11111 - Pale Cyst Nematode; Update of Quarantined Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Pale Cyst Nematode; Update of Quarantined Areas AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of changes to quarantined area. SUMMARY: We are advising the public that we have made changes to the area in the State of Idaho that...

  19. 7 CFR 319.24 - Notice of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Corn Diseases Quarantine § 319.24 Notice of..., that maize or Indian corn (Zea mays L.) and closely related plants are subject to certain injurious diseases, especially Peronospora maydis Raciborski, Sclerospora sacchari Miyake and other downy...

  20. DNA barcoding of Mycosphaerella species of quarantine importance to Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quaedvlieg, W.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Jesús Yáñez-Morales, de M.; Crous, P.W.

    2012-01-01

    The EU 7th Framework Program provided funds for Quarantine Barcoding of Life (QBOL) to develop a quick, reliable and accurate DNA barcode-based diagnostic tool for selected species on the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) A1/A2 quarantine lists. Seven nuclear genomic lo

  1. 7 CFR 301.32-3 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/fruit_flies/index.shtml. The description of the... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruit Flies § 301.32-3 Quarantined...

  2. 75 FR 41073 - South American Cactus Moth Regulations; Quarantined Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... Inspection Service 7 CFR Part 301 South American Cactus Moth Regulations; Quarantined Areas AGENCY: Animal... are amending the South American cactus moth regulations by adding the State of Louisiana to the list of areas quarantined because of South American cactus moth. As a result of this action,...

  3. DNA barcoding of Mycosphaerella species of quarantine importance to Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quaedvlieg, W.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Jesús Yáñez-Morales, de M.; Crous, P.W.

    2012-01-01

    The EU 7th Framework Program provided funds for Quarantine Barcoding of Life (QBOL) to develop a quick, reliable and accurate DNA barcode-based diagnostic tool for selected species on the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) A1/A2 quarantine lists. Seven nuclear genomic

  4. Fish quarantine: current practices in public zoos and aquaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadfield, Catherine A; Clayton, Leigh A

    2011-12-01

    The primary goal of quarantine is to reduce the risk of introducing infectious diseases into established collections. Fish quarantine is inherently complex because of the variety of species, environmental requirements, and facilities. To examine current practices, questionnaires were submitted to 60 public zoos and aquaria, predominantly in North America. Questions reviewed system type (closed, flow-through), quarantine length, diagnostics, treatments, and cleaning and disinfection. Forty-two of the 60 institutions responded. Most institutions had separate quarantine protocols for freshwater teleosts, marine teleosts, and elasmobranchs. Ninety-five percent of institutions had a minimum quarantine period of 30 days or more. Sixty-four percent of institutions used isolated areas for some or all of their fish quarantine. Twenty-five percent had designated fish quarantine staff. All institutions used regular visual examinations to assess animal health. Fifty-four percent of the institutions carried out routine hands-on diagnostics on some fish; this was more common for elasmobranchs than teleosts. All institutions carried out necropsies on mortalities. Fifteen percent of institutions performed histopathology on almost all fresh mortalities; 54% percent performed histopathology on less than 10% of mortalities. Prophylactic treatments were common in closed systems, in particular, formalin immersion for teleosts, freshwater dips and copper sulfate immersion for marine teleosts, and praziquantel immersion for marine teleosts and elasmobranchs. Institutions using dips generally did so at the start or end of quarantine. Fenbendazole- and praziquantel-medicated foods were used commonly in teleosts, but dosages varied greatly. Cleaning and disinfection of systems and equipment increased in response to known pathogens. These results can be used to compare and discuss fish quarantine practices at display facilities in order to improve quarantine success.

  5. Support systems of the orbiting quarantine facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    The physical support systems, the personnel management structure, and the contingency systems necessary to permit the Orbiting Quarantine Facility (OQF) to function as an integrated system are described. The interactions between the subsystems within the preassembled modules are illustrated. The Power Module generates and distributes electrical power throughout each of the four modules, stabilizes the OQF's attitude, and dissipates heat generated throughout the system. The Habitation Module is a multifunctional structure designed to monitor and control all aspects of the system's activities. The Logistics Module stores the supplies needed for 30 days of operation and provides storage for waste materials generated during the mission. The Laboratory Module contains the equipment necessary for executing the protocol, as well as an independent life support system.

  6. China to Stamp Inspection and Quarantine Marks on Export Foods from September 1, 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China (AQSIQ) announced that as of September 1, 2007,shipping packages of export foods will be stamped with inspection and quarantine marks after the foods are inspected and quarantined in conformity with the entry-exit inspection and quarantine rules. Unstamped packages will be prohibited from export.

  7. 9 CFR 78.12 - Cattle from quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... quarantined area only in accordance with § 78.10 and this section. (a) Steers and spayed heifers. Steers and spayed heifers may be moved interstate without restriction under this section. (b) Brucellosis...

  8. Bibliography of scientific publications and presentations relating to planetary quarantine: 1966 - 1971

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, F. D.; Nadel, M. R.

    1973-01-01

    A bibliography, which is a compilation of citations relating to planetary quarantine, previously listed in similar publications since 1967, is presented to provide a reference for reviewing planetary quarantine research and development.

  9. 76 FR 36896 - Notice of Establishment of a New Plant Protection and Quarantine Stakeholder Registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... Protection and Quarantine Stakeholder Registry AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA... of interest. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information on the PPQ Stakeholder Registry... Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) stakeholder registry is an email subscription service that allows...

  10. New Standards for Food Safety Inspection & Quarantine Added

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Recently, two industrial standards for inspection and quarantine, including the Requirements on Food Safety Control System and the Guide to Examination & Verification of Food Safety Control System drafted by the joint efforts of Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China (CNCA), China Import & Export Commodity Inspection Technology Institute and Hebei Inspection & Quarantine Bureau, passed examination and approval. The attending experts believed that these two standards have filled China's gaps respectively in the control of food safety as well as in the examination and inspection of safety control system.

  11. 7 CFR 301.75-6 - Interstate movement of regulated nursery stock from a quarantined area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus Canker Notice of Quarantine and Regulations § 301.75-6 Interstate movement of regulated nursery... from a quarantined area into any area of the United States except commercial citrus-producing areas...

  12. 9 CFR 73.5 - Interstate shipment of undiseased cattle from quarantined area; when permitted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... cattle from quarantined area; when permitted. 73.5 Section 73.5 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND... (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS SCABIES IN CATTLE § 73.5 Interstate shipment of undiseased cattle from quarantined area; when permitted. Cattle of any herd in any quarantined area, which herd is...

  13. 40 CFR 166.32 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions. 166.32 Section 166.32 Protection of... AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.32 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health...

  14. 9 CFR 93.212 - Manure from quarantined poultry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Manure from quarantined poultry. 93.212 Section 93.212 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTR...

  15. 9 CFR 381.73 - Quarantine of diseased poultry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quarantine of diseased poultry. 381.73 Section 381.73 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS...

  16. 9 CFR 93.210 - Poultry quarantine facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Poultry quarantine facilities. 93.210... AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY PRODUCTS;...

  17. 76 FR 1339 - Pine Shoot Beetle; Additions to Quarantined Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Areas AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Affirmation of interim rule as... Indiana to the list of quarantined areas following the detection of PSB in those areas. The interim rule was necessary to prevent the spread of PSB, a pest of pine trees, into noninfested areas of the...

  18. 9 CFR 93.412 - Ruminant quarantine facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... necropsies on ruminants and that is equipped with adequate lighting, hot and cold running water, a drain, a.... (K) Showers. In a medium security facility, there must be a shower at the entrance to the quarantine area. A shower also must be located at the entrance to the necropsy area. A clothes-storage and clothes...

  19. 7 CFR 319.56-1 - Notice of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-1 Notice of... is necessary to prohibit the importation into the United States of fruits and vegetables...

  20. Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay to Rapidly Detect Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus in Quarantined Plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siwon Lee

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP method to rapidly diagnose Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV during quarantine inspections of imported wheat, corn, oats, and millet. The LAMP method was developed as a plant quarantine inspection method for the first time, and its simplicity, quickness, specificity and sensitivity were verified compared to current reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR and nested PCR quarantine methods. We were able to quickly screen for WSMV at quarantine sites with many test samples; thus, this method is expected to contribute to plant quarantine inspections.

  1. Quantifying the impact of community quarantine on SARS transmission in Ontario: estimation of secondary case count difference and number needed to quarantine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laflèche Julie ML

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Community quarantine is controversial, and the decision to use and prepare for it should be informed by specific quantitative evidence of benefit. Case-study reports on 2002-2004 SARS outbreaks have discussed the role of quarantine in the community in transmission. However, this literature has not yielded quantitative estimates of the reduction in secondary cases attributable to quarantine as would be seen in other areas of health policy and cost-effectiveness analysis. Methods Using data from the 2003 Ontario, Canada, SARS outbreak, two novel expressions for the impact of quarantine are presented. Secondary Case Count Difference (SCCD reflects reduction in the average number of transmissions arising from a SARS case in quarantine, relative to not in quarantine, at onset of symptoms. SCCD was estimated using Poisson and negative binomial regression models (with identity link function comparing the number of secondary cases to each index case for quarantine relative to non-quarantined index cases. The inverse of this statistic is proposed as the number needed to quarantine (NNQ to prevent one additional secondary transmission. Results Our estimated SCCD was 0.133 fewer secondary cases per quarantined versus non-quarantined index case; and a NNQ of 7.5 exposed individuals to be placed in community quarantine to prevent one additional case of transmission in the community. This analysis suggests quarantine can be an effective preventive measure, although these estimates lack statistical precision. Conclusions Relative to other health policy areas, literature on quarantine tends to lack in quantitative expressions of effectiveness, or agreement on how best to report differences in outcomes attributable to control measure. We hope to further this discussion through presentation of means to calculate and express the impact of population control measures. The study of quarantine effectiveness presents several methodological and

  2. Plans for the Development and Revision of Industry Standards on Inspection and Quarantine from 2005-2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The inspection and quarantine standard is one of important basics to execute inspection and quarantine by laws. In recent years, with the development of economy and trade in China, standardization has played an important role in inspection and quarantine. During 2002-2004, department of Standards of Inspection and Quarantine, Certification and Accreditation Administration of China has organized the research of the standards of inspection and quarantine, and has built standard subsystems of nine fields in inspection and quarantine. At the same time, they have made the standard list of each specialized fields,and especially established the Development and Revision Plan of Industry Standards on Inspection and Quarantine.

  3. Medical Service: Quarantine Regulations of the Armed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    tuberculosis, suspected smallpox, and suspected viral hemorrhagic fevers ( lassa , marburg, ebola, congo-crimean, and others not yet isolated or named). b. Those...disease. The quarantinable diseases are cholera, plague, and yellow fever . Note. The U.S. Public Health Service, under the authority of an Executive Order...always be accomplished during visits to and upon leaving ports where yellow fever , malaria, or other arthropod–borne diseases are known to exist

  4. 7 CFR 301.86-3 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... host crops, as listed in § 301.86-2(b), have been grown in the field in the last 10 years and (i) The... article listed in § 301.86-2 from an infested field within the last 10 years; or (iii) Within the last 10... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quarantined areas. 301.86-3 Section...

  5. Quarantine, exports and animal disease in Australia 1901-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Aj

    2011-09-01

    The Constitution forming the Australian Commonwealth Government on 1 January 1901 provided that animal and animal products imported into and exported from Australia would be under the authority of the national government. By mutual agreement, the Quarantine Act 1908 provided for the states to continue the delivery of services under contract until 1995 when the Commonwealth took back full responsibility for quarantine services. In the 1940s, 50s and 60s there were world pandemics of livestock diseases and Australia ceased the import of many species. By the 1970s, the livestock industries sought relaxation of import restrictions to gain access to diversified genetic stock. By the use of new technologies, many species can now be imported into Australia through tight importation protocols. With the advent of the World Trade Organization and implementation of the Sanitary Phytosanitary Agreement, Australia has developed a risk-based framework to support the development of import conditions for animals and animal products. Australia's 'Acceptable Level of Protection' has been set to provide a low likelihood of disease entry. Being an island continent, Australia can apply strong controls over imports and exports of all commodities and relatively few outbreaks of exotic animal diseases have occurred by breach of quarantine, but the outbreaks of rinderpest in 1923 and equine influenza in 2007 were notable exceptions.

  6. Was Mandatory Quarantine Necessary in China for Controlling the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenjun Geng

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Chinese government enforced mandatory quarantine for 60 days (from 10 May to 8 July 2009 as a preventative strategy to control the spread of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Such a prevention strategy was stricter than other non-pharmaceutical interventions that were carried out in many other countries. We evaluated the effectiveness of the mandatory quarantine and provide suggestions for interventions against possible future influenza pandemics. We selected one city, Beijing, as the analysis target. We reviewed the epidemiologic dynamics of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic and the implementation of quarantine measures in Beijing. The infectious population was simulated under two scenarios (quarantined and not quarantined using a deterministic Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered (SEIR model. The basic reproduction number R0 was adjusted to match the epidemic wave in Beijing. We found that mandatory quarantine served to postpone the spread of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in Beijing by one and a half months. If mandatory quarantine was not enforced in Beijing, the infectious population could have reached 1,553 by 21 October, i.e., 5.6 times higher than the observed number. When the cost of quarantine is taken into account, mandatory quarantine was not an economically effective intervention approach against the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. We suggest adopting mitigation methods for an influenza pandemic with low mortality and morbidity.

  7. 76 FR 1338 - Emerald Ash Borer; Quarantined Areas; Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Pennsylvania...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 7 CFR Part 301 Emerald Ash Borer; Quarantined Areas; Maryland... to the list of areas quarantined because of emerald ash borer (EAB). The interim rule was necessary... Coordinator, Emerald Ash Borer Program, Emergency and Domestic Programs, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit...

  8. 7 CFR 301.75-8 - Interstate movement of regulated seed from a quarantined area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus Canker Notice of Quarantine and Regulations § 301.75-8 Interstate movement of regulated seed from... interstate movement, no plants or plant parts infected with or exposed to citrus canker were found in...

  9. 9 CFR 82.7 - Interstate movement of manure and litter from a quarantined area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... litter from a quarantined area. 82.7 Section 82.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH... Interstate movement of manure and litter from a quarantined area. (a) Manure generated by and litter used by... if: (1) The manure and litter is accompanied by a permit obtained in accordance with § 82.11; (2)...

  10. 9 CFR 93.313 - Appearance of disease among horses in quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appearance of disease among horses in...; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Horses § 93.313 Appearance of disease among horses in quarantine. If any contagious disease appears among horses during the quarantine period...

  11. 9 CFR 93.515 - Appearance of disease among swine in quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appearance of disease among swine in...; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Swine § 93.515 Appearance of disease among swine in quarantine. If any contagious disease appears among swine during the quarantine period special...

  12. Introduction of quarantine pests related to international trade and design of an optimal phytosanitary inspection policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Surkov, I.; Ondersteijn, C.J.M.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.

    2005-01-01

    Quarantine pests and diseases represent a significant threat to agricultural and horticultural production worldwide. Currently, it is recognised that international trade in agricultural products, and especially in plants and plant materials, is a major vector facilitating the spread of quarantine or

  13. Managing quarantine-significant post harvest diseases in Pacific Northwest apple orchards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phacidiopycnis washingtonensis and Sphaeropsis pyriputrescens are two recently reported quarantined pathogens that cause speck rot and sphaeropsis rot, respectively, in apple. Due to quarantine regulation, export of apple from Washington State to China was banned from 2012 through 2014. Previous st...

  14. 9 CFR 72.6 - Interstate movement of cattle from quarantined areas not eradicating ticks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... quarantined areas not eradicating ticks. 72.6 Section 72.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH... areas not eradicating ticks. Cattle in quarantined areas where tick eradication is not being conducted 3... inspector just prior to final dipping, found to be apparently free of ticks, and be certified as such...

  15. Appropriateness of Probit-9 in development of quarantine treatments for timber and timber commodities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcus Schortemeyer; Ken Thomas; Robert A. Haack; Adnan Uzunovic; Kelli Hoover; Jack A. Simpson; Cheryl A. Grgurinovic

    2011-01-01

    Following the increasing international phasing out of methyl bromide for quarantine purposes, the development of alternative treatments for timber pests becomes imperative. The international accreditation of new quarantine treatments requires verification standards that give confidence in the effectiveness of a treatment. Probit-9 mortality is a standard for treatment...

  16. 7 CFR 301.86-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... or unloaded in the quarantined area; and (D) The article has not been combined or commingled with... regulated articles from quarantined areas. 301.86-4 Section 301.86-4 Agriculture Regulations of the... regulated articles from quarantined areas. (a) Any regulated article may be moved interstate from...

  17. Lessons learned during Apollo lunar sample quarantine and sample curation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allton, J. H.; Bagby, J. R.; Stabekis, P. D.

    During fast-paced Apollo, three responsibilities often competed: 1) landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely, 2) prevention of back contamination, and 3) sample curation. Coordination of U.S. agency back contamination requirements was done by the Interagency Committee on Back Contamination (ICBC). The most severe constraint to proper implementation of flight requirements was lack of time. Preservation, examination and distribution of samples was overseen by the Lunar Sample Analysis Planning Team (LSAPT) which did not feel the Lunar Receiving Laboratory (LRL) was suitable for sample curation and moved the samples to another facility at the conclusion of Apollo 17. The Apollo experience emphasizes the need for 1) early back contamination and sample curation planning, 2) adequate time to implement requirements and 3) high level management responsibility. Building mutual respect for quarantine and sample curation is highly desirable.

  18. Combined Treatments Reduce Chilling Injury and Maintain Fruit Quality in Avocado Fruit during Cold Quarantine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velu Sivankalyani

    Full Text Available Quarantine treatment enables export of avocado fruit (Persea americana to parts of the world that enforce quarantine against fruit fly. The recommended cold-based quarantine treatment (storage at 1.1°C for 14 days was studied with two commercial avocado cultivars 'Hass' and 'Ettinger' for 2 years. Chilling injuries (CIs are prevalent in the avocado fruit after cold-quarantine treatment. Hence, we examined the effect of integrating several treatments: modified atmosphere (MA; fruit covered with perforated polyethylene bags, methyl jasmonate (MJ; fruit dipped in 2.5 μM MJ for Hass or 10 μM MJ for Ettinger for 30 s, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP; fruit treated with 300 ppb 1-MCP for 18 h and low-temperature conditioning (LTC; a gradual decrease in temperature over 3 days on CI reduction during cold quarantine. Avocado fruit stored at 1°C suffered from severe CI, lipid peroxidation, and increased expression of chilling-responsive genes of fruit peel. The combined therapeutic treatments alleviated CI in cold-quarantined fruit to the level in fruit stored at commercial temperature (5°C. A successful therapeutic treatment was developed to protect 'Hass' and 'Ettinger' avocado fruit during cold quarantine against fruit fly, while maintaining fruit quality. Subsequently, treated fruit stored at 1°C had a longer shelf life and less decay than the fruit stored at 5°C. This therapeutic treatment could potentially enable the export of avocado fruit to all quarantine-enforcing countries. Similar methods might be applicable to other types of fruit that require cold quarantine.

  19. The borderline of 'empire': Japanese maritime quarantine in Busan c.1876-1910.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jeong-Ran

    2013-04-01

    This paper seeks to balance the regional and thematic focus of cholera historiography by examining maritime quarantine in Busan, as it was devised and implemented by Japanese officials and doctors during the pre-colonial period. It also places the relationship between Korea and Japan in the context of relations with China, Russia and Britain. This paper shows that quarantine measures in Busan and other Korean ports reflected the rise of Japanese imperial power and the increasing desire on the part of the Japanese to establish an effective borderline for their regional empire. From 1879 Japan began to impose maritime quarantine in Busan, where Japanese influence was very strong even before the colonial period, though at that time Japan was unable to perform quarantine in its own ports independently due to the objections of Western powers, particularly Britain. Victories in the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars established Japan as a regional power on equal terms with the West, and as the dominant power in Korea and Eastern Asia. With the acquisition of the right to impose quarantine in its homeland, Japan strengthened and extended the range of quarantine from Japan to Korea, China and Russia. Now quarantine screened Japan from potentially harmful agents – pathogenic and political – and its functions diversified further as modernisation and imperial expansion gathered pace. The reliance which Japan placed upon quarantine in maintaining its empire explains why it was increasingly out of step with other powers regarding international sanitary precautions. The Japanese maritime quarantine in Busan during this period therefore shows many aspects of Japan’s ‘national empire’.

  20. Combined Treatments Reduce Chilling Injury and Maintain Fruit Quality in Avocado Fruit during Cold Quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivankalyani, Velu; Feygenberg, Oleg; Maorer, Dalia; Zaaroor, Merav; Fallik, Elazar; Alkan, Noam

    2015-01-01

    Quarantine treatment enables export of avocado fruit (Persea americana) to parts of the world that enforce quarantine against fruit fly. The recommended cold-based quarantine treatment (storage at 1.1°C for 14 days) was studied with two commercial avocado cultivars 'Hass' and 'Ettinger' for 2 years. Chilling injuries (CIs) are prevalent in the avocado fruit after cold-quarantine treatment. Hence, we examined the effect of integrating several treatments: modified atmosphere (MA; fruit covered with perforated polyethylene bags), methyl jasmonate (MJ; fruit dipped in 2.5 μM MJ for Hass or 10 μM MJ for Ettinger for 30 s), 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP; fruit treated with 300 ppb 1-MCP for 18 h) and low-temperature conditioning (LTC; a gradual decrease in temperature over 3 days) on CI reduction during cold quarantine. Avocado fruit stored at 1°C suffered from severe CI, lipid peroxidation, and increased expression of chilling-responsive genes of fruit peel. The combined therapeutic treatments alleviated CI in cold-quarantined fruit to the level in fruit stored at commercial temperature (5°C). A successful therapeutic treatment was developed to protect 'Hass' and 'Ettinger' avocado fruit during cold quarantine against fruit fly, while maintaining fruit quality. Subsequently, treated fruit stored at 1°C had a longer shelf life and less decay than the fruit stored at 5°C. This therapeutic treatment could potentially enable the export of avocado fruit to all quarantine-enforcing countries. Similar methods might be applicable to other types of fruit that require cold quarantine.

  1. Biological quarantine on international waters: an initiative for onboard protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takano, Yoshinori; Yano, Hajime; Funase, Ryu; Sekine, Yasuhito; Takai, Ken

    2012-07-01

    The research vessel Chikyu is expanding new frontiers in science, technology, and international collaboration through deep-sea expedition. The Chikyu (length: 210 m, gross tonnage: 56752 tons) has advanced and comprehensive scientific research facilities. One of the scientific purposes of the vessel is to investigate into unexplored biosphere (i.e., undescribed extremophiles) on the Earth. Therefore, "the onboard laboratory" provides us systematic microbiological protocols with a physical containment situation. In parallel, the onboard equipments provide sufficient space for fifty scientists and technical support staff. The helicopter deck also supports various logistics through transporting by a large scale helicopter (See, http://www.jamstec.go.jp/chikyu/eng/). Since the establishment of Panel on Planetary Protection (PPP) in Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), we have an international consensus about the development and promulgation of planetary protection knowledge, policy, and plans to prevent the harmful effects of biological contamination on the Earth (e.g., Rummel, 2002). However, the matter to select a candidate location of initial quarantine at BSL4 level is often problematic. To answer the key issue, we suggest that international waters can be a meaningful option with several advantages to conduct initial onboard-biological quarantine investigation. Hence, the research vessel Chikyu is promising for further PPP requirements (e.g., Enceladus sample return project: Tsou et al., 2012). Rummel, J., Seeking an international consensus in planetary protection: COSPAR's planetary protection panel. Advances in Space Research, 30, 1573-1575 (2002). Tsou, P. et al. LIFE: Life Investigation For Enceladus - A Sample Return Mission Concept in Search for Evidence of Life. Astrobiology, in press.

  2. Experimental substantiation of planetary quarantine in orbital flight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novikova, Nataliya; Polikarpov, Nikolay; Deshevaya, Elena; Svistunova, Yulia

    Planetary quarantine is one of the outstanding issues faced by planners of future exploration missions. Evaluation of risks associated with the hypothesized transfer of biological material through the interplanetary space has been listed among the high-priority goals of space research. To address this issue, the Institute for Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences has developed a program of and equipment for space experiment BIORISK with the idea of extended exposure of various microorganisms on the outer surface of the International Space Station {ISS}. The experiment is to provide new data about patterns and limits of phenotypic adaptation and genotype modifications, if any, in bacterial-fungal associations that form typical microbiota found on the structural materials used in space vehicles. The first extended {18 months} exposure of microorganisms-artificial substrates systems in open space comparable with the length of voyage on the Earth-Mars-Earth itinerary demonstrated preservation of the viability of spore forms of bacteria and microscopic fungi. Also, after exposure to the extremities of open space most of the survived strains were shown to have mobilized a protection-adaptation mechanism consisting of intensification of the enzyme and biochemical activities. The present, second stage of BIORISK is being conducted with a broader variety of biological objects. The conditions of near-Earth orbits are entirely different from the conditions the exploration crew and their microbial companions will have to live in during the voyage, mainly in terms of values and spectra of radiation doses. For this reason, indication of space exploration trajectories with the help of different taxonomic groups of microorganisms will be essential to defining approaches to planetary quarantine and astrobiology.

  3. Through the quarantine looking glass: drug-resistant tuberculosis and public health governance, law, and ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidler, David P; Gostin, Lawrence O; Markel, Howard

    2007-01-01

    The incident in May-June 2007 involving a U.S. citizen traveling internationally while infected with drug-resistant tuberculosis involved the U.S. federal government's application of its quarantine and isolation powers. The incident and the isolation order raised numerous important issues for public health governance, law, and ethics. This article explores many of these issues by examining how the exercise of quarantine powers provides a powerful lens through which to understand how societies respond to and attempt to govern threats posed by dangerous, contagious pathogens. The article considers historical aspects of governmental power to quarantine and isolate individuals and groups; analyzes the current state of quarantine and isolation law in the United States in light of the recent incident with drug-resistant tuberculosis; and explores global aspects of public health governance and law highlighted by this incident.

  4. 75 FR 34322 - Citrus Greening and Asian Citrus Psyllid; Quarantine and Interstate Movement Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ...) leaves that are intended for culinary use are usually both dried and shredded prior to shipment. After.../report_pest_disease/report_pest_disease.shtml ). After a change is made to the list of quarantined...

  5. Quarantine in times of emergency: the scope of s 51(ix) of the Constitution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Christopher

    2004-11-01

    This article explores the scope of s 51(ix) of the Constitution, the power of the Commonwealth to make laws with respect to "quarantine". While this power has sustained the Quarantine Act without a challenge since 1908, it may be that future national public health emergencies, such as epidemics or bioterrorism, will (as has happened in other countries) demand a level of federal preparedness that requires augmented public health powers at a national level. If so, will the scope of the quarantine power, as determined by the High Court, be wide enough allow the Commonwealth to implement these powers? While there is some advantage in a national approach, there is also some authority suggesting that the quarantine power could not extend to domestic public health controls. If there is uncertainty about the scope of the power, what are the options? Should there be another approach, with the States, Territories and the Commonwealth moving towards uniform legislation and co-operative arrangements?

  6. Development of a Multiplex PCR Method to Detect Fungal Pathogens for Quarantine on Exported Cacti

    OpenAIRE

    Hyun ji Cho; Seong Won Hong; Hyun-ju Kim; Youn-Sig Kwak

    2016-01-01

    Major diseases in grafted cacti have been reported and Fusarium oxysporum, Bipolaris cactivora, Phytophthora spp. and Collectotrichum spp. are known as causal pathogens. These pathogens can lead to plant death after infection. Therefore, some European countries have quarantined imported cacti that are infected with specific fungal pathogens. Consequently, we developed PCR detection methods to identify four quarantined fungal pathogens and reduce export rejection rates of Korean grafted cacti....

  7. Food irradiation: Australian quarantine regulatory attitude toward food exports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luckman, Gary James

    2000-03-01

    The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) is a major operational unit within the Federal Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry of Australia. AQIS has a long history of dealing with irradiation issues, as many imported goods (non food) require disinfestation treatment, for which gamma irradiation is the most cost effective, suitable and efficient means. A ministerial decision was taken in April 1997 which authorised AQIS to oversee a trial of irradiation as a pre-shipment treatment for food to be exported from Australia, with several caveats. Any such treatment would be required to meet importing country requirements, it would be conditional on export certification and would be required to meet certain minimum international requirements established by the Codex Alimentarius. These include minimum and maximum dosage levels and labelling to indicate irradiation treatment has taken place. Strong interest has been generated by the announcement of this trial in a number of food industry segments, who are anxious to participate in the trial program. Further to the anticipated success of the export trial, AQIS is drafting suitable legislation which will allow exports of irradiated foodstuffs from a number of food categories, on an ongoing basis. (author)

  8. International Cooperation to Establish Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Quarantine Management of Irradiated Foods in International Trade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J. W.; Byun, M. W.; Kim, J. H.; Choi, J. I.; Song, B. S.; Yoon, Y. H.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, W. G.; Kim, K. P.

    2010-02-15

    {center_dot} Development of SOPs through various research activities such as building international cooperation, and analysing current status of food irradiation in domestic and international markets, export and import, international market size, and of R and D - Analysis of examples for quarantine management in agricultural product exporting countries and use of irradiation technology for agricultural product quarantine, and changes in international quarantine management - Analysis of SOPs for food irradiation quarantine in international organization (CODEX, IPPC, WHO). U.S, EU, China, India, and Australia. - Collaborative researches of India/Korea and China/Korea entered into an agreement for market trials {center_dot} Publishment of irradiation quarantine management SOPs agreed to CODEX standards - Collaborative researches for quarantine management, avoiding Technical Barrier to Trade (TBT), and Sanitary Phytosanitary Measures were conducted, and advanced SOPs agreed with WTO/FTA system were published

  9. Biological and epidemiological aspects of the quarantine pathogen Phytophthora ramorum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrice Ginetti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Phytophthora ramorum is a quarantine pathogen that causes leaf blight and shoot dieback of the crown, bark cankers and death on a number of both ornamental and forest trees, especially in North America and northern Europe, where it has produced severe outbreaks.In Italy it was first reported in 2002, on Rhodondendron yakushimanum in a Piedmont nursery; after that it seemed to have disappeared, only to re-emerge in 2013 when numerous isolates were detected on batches of Viburnum tinus plants growing in some nurseries in the Pistoia area (Tuscany, which is an important district in the trade of nursery plants world-wide. This work reports on a number of laboratory tests that were carried out on isolates from infected plant samples. The micromorphological and macromorphological characteristics of the pathogen growing on carrot agar (CA, corn meal agar (CMA, malt extract agar (MEA potato dextrose agar, and V8 agar with added PARPNH (see text were determined, as was the growth rate at 10º, 15º, 20º, 25°, 30º, 32º and 35ºC. Molecular analysis was employed to identify the isolates more precisely. Inoculation trials under the bark were also carried out to ascertain the isolate virulence and the Koch’s Postulates.The Plant Protection Service of the Tuscan Region (SFR, Servizio Fitosanitario Regionale was alerted as soon as the pathogen infection was detected and it took the prescribed steps to eradicate the infection in the field and prevent the recurrence of an epidemic.

  10. LESSONS FROM A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF A 5-YR PERIOD OF QUARANTINE AT SAN DIEGO ZOO: A RISK-BASED APPROACH TO QUARANTINE ISOLATION AND TESTING MAY BENEFIT ANIMAL WELFARE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Chelsea; Marinkovich, Matt; Morris, Pat J; Rideout, Bruce; Pye, Geoffrey W

    2016-03-01

    Quarantine is designed primarily to prevent the introduction of transmissible diseases to zoological collections. Improvements in preventive medicine, disease eradication, and comprehensive pathology programs call into question current industry quarantine standards. Disease risk analysis was used at the San Diego Zoo (SDZ) and the SDZ Safari Park to eliminate quarantine isolation and transmissible disease testing for animals transferred between the two institutions. To determine if a risk-based approach might be valid between other institutions and SDZ, we reviewed quarantine data for animals arriving at SDZ from 81 Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA)-accredited and 124 other sources (e.g., non-AZA-accredited institutions, private breeders, private dealers, governmental bodies) over a 5-yr period (2009-2013). No mammal or herptile failed quarantine due to transmissible diseases of concern. Approximately 2.5% of incoming birds failed quarantine due to transmissible disease; however, all 14 failed individuals were obtained from three nonaccredited sources (private breeders, confiscation). The results of our study suggest that a risk-based approach could be used to minimize or eliminate quarantine for the transfer of animals from institutions with comprehensive disease surveillance programs and/or preshipment testing practices. Quarantine isolation with testing remains an essential defense against introducing transmissible diseases of concern when there is a lack of health knowledge about the animals being received.

  11. Diagnosis of contagious ecthyma in goats in a quarantine station in Panama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angie Magaña Ch.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available We report an outbreak of contagious ecthyma (CE in a herd of goats at Paso Canoas quarantine station, Panama. The goats were adult intact females. Visible clinical signs became apparent from day 13 after the start of quarantine. We performed clinical examination. Serum biopsy and scabs were collected from crusted lesions in the epithelium of the lips, nose and eyelid corners. Samples were studied by histopathology,complement fixation test, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, DAS-ELISA, viral isolationand nucleic acid amplification tests. Histopathology revealed ortho and parakeratotic hyperkeratosis, epithelial hyperplasia, viral inclusion bodies, keratinocytes with balonoid degeneration, vesicles with neutrophils and degenerated cells, in superficial dermis there is marked neovascularization. Complement fixation test, DAS-ELISA and nucleic acid amplification tests resulted positive for contagious ecthyma. TEM showed viral particles, consistent with Parapoxvirus. Clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with poxvirus infection in the quarantine goat herd.

  12. The Quarantine Protection of Sub-Antarctic Australia: Two Islands, Two Regimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Potter

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Sub-Antarctic Heard Island and Macquarie Island are among Australia’s offshore properties susceptible to colonization by species introduced by humans. While both islands share World Heritage status and are IUCN Category Ia Protected Areas (Strict Nature Reserves, different quarantine protection regimes are in operation. Macquarie Island’s biosecurity appears to be less catered for while the means and likelihood of introductions are greater. The administrative, political, practical and geographical contexts within which quarantine management planning takes place variously impact on the level of quarantine protection provided to both islands. These and other remote sites of high conservation value are unlikely to receive heightened protection until the issues associated with such management contexts receive greater attention.

  13. 7 CFR 301.80-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicable Federal domestic plant quarantines must also be met. (a) Any regulated articles, except soil samples for processing, testing, or analysis, may be moved interstate from any quarantined State under the... authorized by the Deputy Administrator in emergency situations, soil samples for processing, testing, or...

  14. 7 CFR 301.85-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicable Federal domestic plant quarantines must also be met. (a) Any regulated articles except soil samples for processing, testing, or analysis may be moved interstate from any quarantined State under the..., testing or analysis may be moved interstate from any regulated area only to laboratories approved 3 by the...

  15. 9 CFR 72.19 - Interstate shipments and use of pine straw, grass, litter from quarantined area; prohibited until...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... straw, grass, litter from quarantined area; prohibited until disinfected. 72.19 Section 72.19 Animals... Interstate shipments and use of pine straw, grass, litter from quarantined area; prohibited until disinfected. Pine straw, grass, or similar litter collected from tick-infested pastures, ranges, or premises...

  16. 7 CFR 301.51-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... beetle; and (C) The article has not been combined or commingled with other articles so as to lose its... regulated articles from quarantined areas. 301.51-4 Section 301.51-4 Agriculture Regulations of the... of regulated articles from quarantined areas. (a) Any regulated article may be moved interstate...

  17. 7 CFR 301.32-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... area quarantined for Mexican or sapote fruit fly and that are moving interstate from such an area are... in an orchard within the quarantined area, the identity of the avocados must be maintained from field... marked with the identity of the grower and the packinghouse. (iv) Any boxes of Hass avocados packed...

  18. 9 CFR 73.4 - Interstate shipment of exposed but not visibly diseased cattle from a quarantined or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... visibly diseased cattle from a quarantined or nonquarantined area; conditions under which permitted. 73.4... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS SCABIES IN CATTLE § 73.4 Interstate shipment of exposed but not visibly diseased cattle from a quarantined...

  19. 19 CFR 147.23 - Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 147.23 Section 147.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION... Laws § 147.23 Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. (a) Plant... the plant quarantine regulations. (b) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The entry of food...

  20. 7 CFR 301.75-9 - Interstate movement of regulated articles from a quarantined area for experimental or scientific...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Interstate movement of regulated articles from a quarantined area for experimental or scientific purposes. A... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interstate movement of regulated articles from a quarantined area for experimental or scientific purposes. 301.75-9 Section 301.75-9 Agriculture Regulations...

  1. An observation about the relative hardiness of bacterial spores and planetary quarantine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trauth, C. A., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    Planetary quarantine objectives are shown to be critically dependent on the deviation in the actual decimal-reduction-time or D values (i.e., the time necessary to reduce the population to one-tenth of its original value) of organisms on spacecraft from the values chosen for spacecraft sterilization that have been selected conservatively relative to defined experimental procedures and bacterial spore stocks. New data indicate that these D values are not conservative when compared with those of naturally occurring organisms. The possible implications of these new data for planetary quarantine are analyzed.

  2. 75 FR 29189 - Emerald Ash Borer; Addition of Quarantined Areas in Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, New York...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-25

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 7 CFR Part 301 Emerald Ash Borer; Addition of Quarantined...: We are amending the emerald ash borer regulations by adding portions of Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota... rule is necessary to prevent the artificial spread of the emerald ash borer to noninfested areas of...

  3. 75 FR 34320 - Asian Longhorned Beetle; Quarantined Area and Regulated Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... Regulated Articles AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Interim rule and... regulated articles from that area. We are also updating the list of regulated articles in order to reflect... regulated articles from quarantined areas to prevent the artificial spread of ALB to noninfested areas...

  4. Mango fruit aroma volatile production following quarantine hot water treatment and subsequent ripening

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangos are an important tropical fruit crop worldwide that are appreciated for their attractive peel and flesh colors, juicy texture, sweetness, and unique aroma. Mangos exported to the U.S. receive quarantine hot water treatment (QHWT) at 46.1 °C for 65 to 110 min (depending on fruit shape and size...

  5. Postharvest quality of dragon fruit (Hylocereus spp.) after x-ray irradiation quarantine treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    The quality of three dragon fruit clones (Hylocereus sp.) was determined following x-ray irradiation for disinfestation of quarantine pests. Fruit were treated with irradiation doses of 0, 200, 400, 600, or 800 Gy and stored for 12 days at 10 °C. Irradiation did not affect soluble solids content, ti...

  6. Lessons from the History of Quarantine, from Plague to Influenza A

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-05-08

    Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ Historical Review, Lessons from the History of Quarantine, from Plague to Influenza A.  Created: 5/8/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 5/15/2013.

  7. Taking Care of Your Behavioral Health: Tips for Social Distancing, Quarantine, and Isolation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... social distancing, quarantine, or isolation. People may feel: Anxiety, worry, or fear related to: Your own health status The health ... reports 24/7 since this tends to increase anxiety and worry. Remember ... OWN ADVOCATE Speaking out about your needs is particularly important if ...

  8. Q-bank, a database with information for identification of plant quarantine plant pest and diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonants, P.J.M.; Edema, M.J.; Robert, V.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the database Q-bank (www.q-bank.eu). This freely accessible database contains data on plant pathogenic quarantine organisms to allow fast and reliable identification. Development of accurate identification tools for plant pests is vital to support European Plant Health Policies.

  9. 75 FR 81087 - South American Cactus Moth Quarantine; Addition of the State of Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... Health Inspection Service 7 CFR Part 301 South American Cactus Moth Quarantine; Addition of the State of... South American cactus moth regulations by adding the entire State of Louisiana to the list of... American cactus moth to noninfested areas of the United States. DATES: Effective on December 27, 2010,...

  10. DNA Barcoding for Efficient Species- and Pathovar-Level Identification of the Quarantine Plant Pathogen Xanthomonas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Qian; Zhao, Wenjun; Lu, Songyu; Zhu, Shuifang; Li, Shidong

    2016-01-01

    Genus Xanthomonas comprises many economically important plant pathogens that affect a wide range of hosts. Indeed, fourteen Xanthomonas species/pathovars have been regarded as official quarantine bacteria for imports in China. To date, however, a rapid and accurate method capable of identifying all of the quarantine species/pathovars has yet to be developed. In this study, we therefore evaluated the capacity of DNA barcoding as a digital identification method for discriminating quarantine species/pathovars of Xanthomonas. For these analyses, 327 isolates, representing 45 Xanthomonas species/pathovars, as well as five additional species/pathovars from GenBank (50 species/pathovars total), were utilized to test the efficacy of four DNA barcode candidate genes (16S rRNA gene, cpn60, gyrB, and avrBs2). Of these candidate genes, cpn60 displayed the highest rate of PCR amplification and sequencing success. The tree-building (Neighbor-joining), ‘best close match’, and barcode gap methods were subsequently employed to assess the species- and pathovar-level resolution of each gene. Notably, all isolates of each quarantine species/pathovars formed a monophyletic group in the neighbor-joining tree constructed using the cpn60 sequences. Moreover, cpn60 also demonstrated the most satisfactory results in both barcoding gap analysis and the ‘best close match’ test. Thus, compared with the other markers tested, cpn60 proved to be a powerful DNA barcode, providing a reliable and effective means for the species- and pathovar-level identification of the quarantine plant pathogen Xanthomonas. PMID:27861494

  11. The potential for optical beam shaping of UV laser sources for mass scale quarantine disinfection applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lizotte, Todd

    2010-08-01

    Recent events concerning H1N1 "swine flu", have demonstrated to the world the significant potential of rapid increases in death and illness among all age groups and even among the healthy population [1] when a highly infectious influenza virus is introduced. In terms of mass casualties due to a pandemic, preparedness and response planning must be done. One course of action to prevent a pandemic outbreak or reduce the impact of a bioterrorist event is the use of isolation or quarantine facilities. The first level of isolation or quarantine is within the personal residence of the person exposed or infected. In the case where, the specific virus is extremely contagious and its onset of symptoms is rapid and severe, there will be a need for the deployment and setup of larger self contained quarantine facilities. Such facilities are used to house infectious individuals to minimize the exposure of susceptible individuals to contagious individuals, especially when specialized care or treatment is required and during the viral shedding period (5 to 7 days). These types of facilities require non-shared air conditioning, heating and ventilating systems where 100% of air is vented to the outside through a series of disinfection systems and staged filters. Although chemical disinfection is possible, there is a desire to incorporate intense UV radiation as a means to deactivate and disinfect airborne virus within hospital settings and isolated mass scale quarantine facilities. UV radiation is also being considered for disinfection of contaminated surfaces, such as table tops, walls and floors in hospitals and temporary quarantine facilities. In such applications the use of UV bulb technology can create many problems, for instance bulb technology requires numerous bulbs to treat a large volume of air, generates significant heat, uses significant power and does not produce large fluxes of UV light efficiently. This paper provides several methods of creating quarantine level

  12. 9 CFR 82.8 - Interstate movement of eggs, other than hatching eggs, from a quarantined area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DIS- EASE (END) AND CHLAMYDIOSIS Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) § 82.8 Interstate movement of eggs, other than hatching eggs, from a quarantined area....

  13. Chemical and sensory quality of fresh pomegranate fruits exposed to gamma radiation as quarantine treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahbaz, Hafiz Muhammad; Ahn, Jae-Jun; Akram, Kashif; Kim, Hyo-Young; Park, Eun-Joo; Kwon, Joong-Ho

    2014-02-15

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture in February 2012 approved the import of fresh pomegranates subjected to irradiation as a quarantine procedure with a minimum absorbed dose of 0.4kGy against different pests. This study evaluated the application of different gamma-irradiation doses (0.4, 1, and 2kGy) in fresh pomegranate fruits and their effect on the chemical and sensory characteristics. The total soluble solids, titratable acidity, and pH values remained unaffected up to 1kGy treatment. Irradiation caused a significant decrease in the total anthocyanins and phenolic content. A strong positive correlation was observed among the antioxidant activities, total phenolics and anthocyanin contents. In general, a stronger preference was shown by sensory panelists for the juice from irradiated fruits. This study provides research-based information about the application of irradiation as a quarantine disinfestation treatment to enhance the marketing and consumer acceptance of pomegranates.

  14. Alternatives to methyl bromide treatments for stored-product and quarantine insects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Paul G; White, Noel D G

    2002-01-01

    Methyl bromide is used to control insects as a space fumigant in flour and feed mills and ship holds, as a product fumigant for some fruit and cereals, and for general quarantine purposes. Methyl bromide acts rapidly, controlling insects in less than 48 h in space fumigations, and it has a wide spectrum of activity, controlling not only insects but also nematodes and plant-pathogenic microbes. This chemical will be banned in 2005 in developed countries, except for exceptional quarantine purposes, because it depletes ozone in the atmosphere. Many alternatives have been tested as replacements for methyl bromide, from physical control methods such as heat, cold, and sanitation to fumigant replacements such as phosphine, sulfuryl fluoride, and carbonyl sulfide, among others. Individual situations will require their own type of pest control techniques, but the most promising include integrated pest management tactics and combinations of treatments such as phosphine, carbon dioxide, and heat.

  15. Regulation of use of radiation for quarantine purposes; Regulamentacao do uso da radiacao para fins quarentenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itepan, Natanael Marcio, E-mail: natanael.itepan@unianhanguera.edu.b [Faculdade Anhanguera, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil); Costa, Neivaldo; Furlan, Gilberto Ribeiro; Walder, Julio Marcos Melges, E-mail: neivaldo@cena.usp.b, E-mail: gilfurlan@cena.usp.b, E-mail: jmwalder@cena.usp.b [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The main aspects of Instruction No. 9 are: a) the nuclear plant that use ionizing radiation as a phyto sanitary treatment for quarantine purposes, must be accredited by the agency of the Agriculture, Livestock and Supply Ministry (MAPA) and the licensing by the Nuclear Energy National Commission (CNEN) and other regulatory bodies, b) control of the applied dose will follow a standard operating procedure should be performed by independent organization, authorized by the Brazilian ONPF (Phyto sanitary Protection National Organization), c) the unit of radiation treatment should ensure traceability and must maintain records of phyto sanitary treatments, d) there should be bilateral work plan between the ONPF of Brazil and other countries for the established radiation treatment protocol. The ONPF of Brazil is the Sanitary Vegetarian Department. Ionizing radiation (cold pasteurization) is shown in an alternative technology to phyto sanitary control for quarantine purposes. (author)

  16. Development of a Multiplex PCR Method to Detect Fungal Pathogens for Quarantine on Exported Cacti

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Hyun ji; Hong, Seong Won; Kim, Hyun-ju; Kwak, Youn-Sig

    2016-01-01

    Major diseases in grafted cacti have been reported and Fusarium oxysporum, Bipolaris cactivora, Phytophthora spp. and Collectotrichum spp. are known as causal pathogens. These pathogens can lead to plant death after infection. Therefore, some European countries have quarantined imported cacti that are infected with specific fungal pathogens. Consequently, we developed PCR detection methods to identify four quarantined fungal pathogens and reduce export rejection rates of Korean grafted cacti. The pathogen specific primer sets F.oF-F.oR, B.CF-B.CR, P.nF-P.nR, and P.cF-P.CR were tested for F. oxysporum, B. cactivora, P. nicotinae, and P. cactorum, respectively. The F.oF-F.oR primer set was designed from the Fusarium ITS region; the B.CF-B.CR and P.nF-P.nR primers respectively from Bipolaris and Phytophthora ITS1; and the P.cF-P.CR primer set from the Ypt1protein gene region. The quarantine fungal pathogen primer pairs were amplified to the specific number of base pairs in each of the following fungal pathogens: 210-bp (F. oxysporum), 510-bp (B. cactivora), 313-bp (P. nicotinae), and 447-bp (P. cactorum). The detection limit for the mono- and multiplex PCR primer sets was 0.1 ng of template DNA under in vitro conditions. Therefore, each primer set successfully diagnosed contamination of quarantine pathogens in export grafted cacti. Consequently, our methodology is a viable tool to screen contamination of the fungal pathogen in exported grafted cacti. PMID:26889115

  17. Development of a Multiplex PCR Method to Detect Fungal Pathogens for Quarantine on Exported Cacti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun ji Cho

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Major diseases in grafted cacti have been reported and Fusarium oxysporum, Bipolaris cactivora, Phytophthora spp. and Collectotrichum spp. are known as causal pathogens. These pathogens can lead to plant death after infection. Therefore, some European countries have quarantined imported cacti that are infected with specific fungal pathogens. Consequently, we developed PCR detection methods to identify four quarantined fungal pathogens and reduce export rejection rates of Korean grafted cacti. The pathogen specific primer sets F.oF-F.oR, B.CF-B.CR, P.nF-P.nR, and P.cF-P.CR were tested for F. oxysporum, B. cactivora, P. nicotinae, and P. cactorum, respectively. The F.oF-F.oR primer set was designed from the Fusarium ITS region; the B.CF-B.CR and P.nF-P.nR primers respectively from Bipolaris and Phytophthora ITS1; and the P.cF-P.CR primer set from the Ypt1protein gene region. The quarantine fungal pathogen primer pairs were amplified to the specific number of base pairs in each of the following fungal pathogens: 210-bp (F. oxysporum, 510-bp (B. cactivora, 313-bp (P. nicotinae, and 447-bp (P. cactorum. The detection limit for the mono- and multiplex PCR primer sets was 0.1 ng of template DNA under in vitro conditions. Therefore, each primer set successfully diagnosed contamination of quarantine pathogens in export grafted cacti. Consequently, our methodology is a viable tool to screen contamination of the fungal pathogen in exported grafted cacti.

  18. Development of a Multiplex PCR Method to Detect Fungal Pathogens for Quarantine on Exported Cacti.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Hyun Ji; Hong, Seong Won; Kim, Hyun-Ju; Kwak, Youn-Sig

    2016-02-01

    Major diseases in grafted cacti have been reported and Fusarium oxysporum, Bipolaris cactivora, Phytophthora spp. and Collectotrichum spp. are known as causal pathogens. These pathogens can lead to plant death after infection. Therefore, some European countries have quarantined imported cacti that are infected with specific fungal pathogens. Consequently, we developed PCR detection methods to identify four quarantined fungal pathogens and reduce export rejection rates of Korean grafted cacti. The pathogen specific primer sets F.oF-F.oR, B.CF-B.CR, P.nF-P.nR, and P.cF-P.CR were tested for F. oxysporum, B. cactivora, P. nicotinae, and P. cactorum, respectively. The F.oF-F.oR primer set was designed from the Fusarium ITS region; the B.CF-B.CR and P.nF-P.nR primers respectively from Bipolaris and Phytophthora ITS1; and the P.cF-P.CR primer set from the Ypt1protein gene region. The quarantine fungal pathogen primer pairs were amplified to the specific number of base pairs in each of the following fungal pathogens: 210-bp (F. oxysporum), 510-bp (B. cactivora), 313-bp (P. nicotinae), and 447-bp (P. cactorum). The detection limit for the mono- and multiplex PCR primer sets was 0.1 ng of template DNA under in vitro conditions. Therefore, each primer set successfully diagnosed contamination of quarantine pathogens in export grafted cacti. Consequently, our methodology is a viable tool to screen contamination of the fungal pathogen in exported grafted cacti.

  19. Quarantine treatment of agricultural products for export and import by gamma irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Joong Ho; Roh, M.J.; Chung, H.W.; Lee, J.E.; Park, N.Y.; Kwon, Y.J.; Seo, S.J. [Kyungbuk National University, Taegu (Korea)

    1999-04-01

    To pre-establish an alternative technique to the toxic fumigant, methyl bromide which is the current quarantine measure of agricultural products for export and import, some selected agricultural products, such as chestnut, acorn, red bean and mung bean, were subjected to a preliminary study to confirm the comparative effects of gamma irradiation and MBr fumigant on their disinfestation and quality, thereby preparing the basic data for the practical approach. Current quarantine activities were examined and the related limitations were investigated. Quarantine-related pests were investigated on their radiosensitivity and disinfestation effects by both treatments. The pests in chestnut and acorn, Curculio skkimensis Heller, Curculio dentipes Roelofs, and Dichocrocis punctiferalis Guenee showed an increased mortality when exposed to above 0.5 kGy irradiation, resulting in 100% of mortality three weeks later. Callosobruchus chinensis Linne from both red and mung beans revealed a apparent mortality at around 10 days after irradiation of 1 to 3 kGy. Current fumigation was perfect in its disinfesting capability, but it caused the detrimental effects on physical quality of agricultural produce. Whereas, irradiation doses suitable for controlling the pests did not induce any significant changes in the quality of the samples. (author). 53 refs., 74 figs., 138 tabs.

  20. Leave entitlements, time off work and the household financial impacts of quarantine compliance during an H1N1 outbreak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kavanagh Anne M

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Australian state of Victoria, with 5.2 million residents, enforced home quarantine during a H1N1 pandemic in 2009. The strategy was targeted at school children. The objective of this study was to investigate the extent to which parents’ access to paid sick leave or paid carer’s leave was associated with (a time taken off work to care for quarantined children, (b household finances, and (c compliance with quarantine recommendations. Methods We conducted an online and telephone survey of households recruited through 33 schools (85% of eligible schools, received 314 responses (27%, and analysed the subsample of 133 households in which all resident parents were employed. Results In 52% of households, parents took time off work to care for quarantined children. Households in which no resident parent had access to leave appeared to be less likely to take time off work (42% vs 58%, p=0.08 although this difference had only borderline significance. Among parents who did take time off work, those in households without access to leave were more likely to lose pay (73% vs 21%, p Conclusions Future pandemic plans should consider the economic costs borne by households and options for compensating quarantined families for income losses.

  1. Development of RT-PCR and Nested PCR for Detecting Four Quarantine Plant Viruses Belonging to Nepovirus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siwon Lee

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available For quarantine purpose, we developed the RT- and nested PCR module of Tomato black ring virus (TBRV, Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV, Cherry leafroll virus (CLRV and Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV. The PCR modules, developed in this study make diagnosis more convenient and speedy because of same PCR condition. And also, the methods are more accurate because it can check whether the result is contamination or not using the mutation-positive control. We discard or return the 27 cases of Nepovirus infection seed by employing the module past 3 years. This study provides a rapid and useful method for detection of four quarantine plant viruses.

  2. Competitiveness of gamma irradiation with fumigation for chestnuts associated with quarantine and quality security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Joong-Ho; Kwon, Yong-Jung; Byun, Myung-Woo; Kim, Kyong-Su

    2004-09-01

    Comparative effects of gamma irradiation and methyl bromide (MeBr) fumigation were determined for fresh chestnut on mortality of pests and quality stability. Chestnut was exposed to both irradiation at 0-10 kGy and MeBr fumigation in commercial conditions, and then subjected to the corresponding study during storage at 5°C for 6 months. Pests with quarantine importance for chestnut were found Curculio sikkimensis Heller and Dichocrocis punctiferalis Guenee, which showed 100% mortality by MeBr at the 3rd day after fumigation and by irradiation at 0.5 kGy in about 4 weeks. Sprouting was controlled for 6 months with treatments of 0.25 kGy or more and of MeBr, but rotting rate dramatically increased from 2 months after fumigation. Irradiation over 1 kGy as well as fumigation significantly caused changes in the color of stored chestnut. Considering the cumulative mortality of chestnut pests, irradiation at the range of 0.5 kGy is recommendable as one of alternatives to MeBr fumigation for both quarantine and sprout control purposes.

  3. Competitiveness of gamma irradiation with fumigation for chestnuts associated with quarantine and quality security

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, J.-H. E-mail: jhkwon@knu.ac.kr; Kwon, Y.-J.; Byun, M.-W.; Kim, K.-S

    2004-10-01

    Comparative effects of gamma irradiation and methyl bromide (MeBr) fumigation were determined for fresh chestnut on mortality of pests and quality stability. Chestnut was exposed to both irradiation at 0-10 kGy and MeBr fumigation in commercial conditions, and then subjected to the corresponding study during storage at 5 deg. C for 6 months. Pests with quarantine importance for chestnut were found Curculio sikkimensis Heller and Dichocrocis punctiferalis Guenee, which showed 100% mortality by MeBr at the 3rd day after fumigation and by irradiation at 0.5 kGy in about 4 weeks. Sprouting was controlled for 6 months with treatments of 0.25 kGy or more and of MeBr, but rotting rate dramatically increased from 2 months after fumigation. Irradiation over 1 kGy as well as fumigation significantly caused changes in the color of stored chestnut. Considering the cumulative mortality of chestnut pests, irradiation at the range of 0.5 kGy is recommendable as one of alternatives to MeBr fumigation for both quarantine and sprout control purposes.

  4. The quarantine of philosophy in medical education: why teaching the humanities may not produce humane physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stempsey, W E

    1999-01-01

    Patients increasingly see physicians not as humane caregivers but as unfeeling technicians. The study of philosophy in medical school has been proposed to foster critical thinking about one's assumptions, perspectives and biases, encourage greater tolerance toward the ideas of others, and cultivate empathy. I suggest that the study of ethics and philosophy by medical students has failed to produce the humane physicians we seek because of the way the subject matter is quarantined in American medical education. First, the liberal arts are seen as the province of undergraduate education, and not medical school. Second, philosophy, when taught in medical school, is seen by students as just one subject to be mastered along with many other more important ones, and not as a way to foster critical thinking and empathy. What is needed is a new pedagogy that combines both cognitive and affective elements to implant and nourish the liberal arts in students. Removing the quarantine of philosophy from other facets of medical education is an important first step.

  5. Quarantined Apollo 11 Astronauts Addressed by U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet recovery ship, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF). In this photograph, the U.S.S. Hornet crew looks on as the quarantined Apollo 11 crew is addressed by U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon via microphone and intercom. The president was aboard the recovery vessel awaiting return of the astronauts. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  6. Highly Specific Detection of Five Exotic Quarantine Plant Viruses using RT-PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoseong Choi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available To detect five plant viruses (Beet black scorch virus, Beet necrotic yellow vein virus, Eggplant mottled dwarf virus, Pelargonium zonate spot virus, and Rice yellow mottle virus for quarantine purposes, we designed 15 RT-PCR primer sets. Primer design was based on the nucleotide sequence of the coat protein gene, which is highly conserved within species. All but one primer set successfully amplified the targets, and gradient PCRs indicated that the optimal temperature for the 14 useful primer sets was 51.9°C. Some primer sets worked well regardless of annealing temperature while others required a very specific annealing temperature. A primer specificity test using plant total RNAs and cDNAs of other plant virus-infected samples demonstrated that the designed primer sets were highly specific and generated reproducible results. The newly developed RT-PCR primer sets would be useful for quarantine inspections aimed at preventing the entry of exotic plant viruses into Korea.

  7. Detection of the quarantine species Thrips palmi by loop-mediated isothermal amplification.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnika Przybylska

    Full Text Available Thrips palmi (from the order Thysanoptera is a serious insect pest of various crops, including vegetables, fruits and ornamental plants, causing significant economic losses. Its presence constitutes a double threat; not only does T. palmi feed on the plants, it is also a vector for several plant viruses. T. palmi originated in Asia, but has spread to North and Central America, Africa, Oceania and the Caribbean in recent decades. This species has been sporadically noted in Europe and is under quarantine regulation in the European Union. For non-specialists its larval stages are indistinguishable morphologically from another widespread and serious insect pest Frankliniella occidentalis (a non-quarantine species in the European Union as well as other frequently occurring thrips. In this study, we have developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification protocol to amplify rDNA regions of T. palmi. The results were consistent whether isolated DNA or crushed insects were used as template, indicating that the DNA isolation step could be omitted. The described method is species-specific and sensitive and provides a rapid diagnostic tool to detect T. palmi in the field.

  8. Irradiation as a quarantine treatment for the solenopsis mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Fang; Li, Weidi; Li, Xiuqiong; Bei, Yawei; Lin, Wencai; Lu, Yaobin; Wang, Bingkui

    2014-03-01

    Phenacoccus solenopsis is an aggressively invasive species that targets agricultural and ornamental plants, thereby threatening the world cotton industry and other crops. P. solenopsis has been listed as a quarantine insect in Europe and China. The utilization of phytosanitary irradiation as a potential treatment for disinfesting agricultural commodities in trade has expanded rapidly in recent years. A reasonable dose of radiation to eliminate P. solenopsis needs to be determined, taking into account the side effects of radiation on agricultural products and the species-specific tolerance of the insect to radiation. We applied radiation ranging from 50 to 200 Gy to P. solenopsis to determine the optimal dose. Both the radiation dose and the developmental stage of the insect were independent variables. Higher doses of radiation or lesser mature insect stages provided more effective treatment. In nymphs, a radiation dose of 100 Gy caused extinction of the irradiated population by disrupting ovary development, while 150 Gy caused 100% mortality. In adults, all tested doses of irradiation did not affect longevity, but we were able to prevent reproduction with high (150 and 200 Gy) doses. In P. solenopsis, a 100 Gy dose of radiation could eliminate the irradiated population in two generations. The mortality curve showed a steep slope beyond 150 Gy; thus, if killing all of the insects in a shorter amount of time is necessary, 200 Gy may be a reasonable dose for the quarantine treatment of the solenopsis mealybug.

  9. Gamma irradiation as a quarantine treatment against eggs of Citrus black fly (Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villavicencio, Anna Lucia C.H.; Araujo, Michel M.; Fanaro, Gustavo B.; Costa, Helbert H.S.F.; Silva, Priscila P.V. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: villavic@ipen.br; Arthur, Valter [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Radibiologia e Ambiente], e-mail: arthur@cena.usp.br; Faria, Jose Tadeu [Ministerio da Agricultura Pecuaria e Abastecimento (MAPA), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: dt-sp@agricultura.gov.br

    2009-07-01

    The citrus black fruit fly (Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby) is an important pest of citrus originated in Southeast Asia and its first record in the new world was in Jamaica in 1913. In Brazil, it was detected in 2001 in the state of Para and more recently it was detected in Sao Paulo in 2008. This pest that attacks over 300 species of plants, but its main host are citrus. It is an A2 quarantine pest, because it is not spread throughout the country. The objective of this study was to test doses of 0 (control), 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, 175 and 200 Gy of gamma irradiation for disinfection of eggs of the citrus black fruit fly in leaves of citrus plants. Treatment consisted of 5 replicates with 60 eggs each. Evaluations were performed in the following periods: 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days after irradiation. Under the conditions assayed, it could be concluded that a dose of 200 Gy caused 100% mortality of Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby eggs and could be recommended as a successful quarantine processing against infested plants. (author)

  10. Evaluation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for detection of cattle in the Cattle Fever Tick Permanent Quarantine Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    An unmanned aerial vehicle was used to capture videos of cattle in pastures to determine the efficiency of this technology for use by Mounted Inspectors in the Permanent Quarantine zone (PQZ) of the Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program in south Texas along the U.S.-Mexico Border. These videos were ...

  11. A TaqMan PCR method for routine diagnosis of the quarantine fungus guignardia citricarpa on citrus fruit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gent-Pelzer, van M.P.E.; Brouwershaven, van I.R.; Kox, L.F.F.; Bonants, P.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    With respect to disease risk for the quarantine fungus Guignardia citricarpa on citrus fruit an accurate diagnosis for routine analysis is required. Also, when inspections have to be performed on imported citrus fruits, a fast detection method is urgently needed. A fast automated DNA extraction

  12. 75 FR 12961 - Regulation of the Interstate Movement of Lemons from Areas Quarantined for Mediterranean Fruit Fly

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... Mediterranean Fruit Fly AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: We are amending the list of regulated articles in our domestic fruit fly quarantine regulations. The... commercial packinghouses are not regulated articles for Mediterranean fruit fly. We are amending...

  13. A TaqMan PCR method for routine diagnosis of the quarantine fungus guignardia citricarpa on citrus fruit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gent-Pelzer, van M.P.E.; Brouwershaven, van I.R.; Kox, L.F.F.; Bonants, P.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    With respect to disease risk for the quarantine fungus Guignardia citricarpa on citrus fruit an accurate diagnosis for routine analysis is required. Also, when inspections have to be performed on imported citrus fruits, a fast detection method is urgently needed. A fast automated DNA extraction meth

  14. 9 CFR 93.103 - Import permits for birds; and reservation fees for space at quarantine facilities maintained by...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... transportation, route of travel, and port of entry in the United States; (x) The name and location of the... the illegal movement of goods within a region, or involving fraud, bribery, extortion, or of any other... agent shall pay or ensure payment of a reservation fee for each lot of birds to be quarantined in...

  15. 9 CFR 72.3 - Areas quarantined in the Virgin Islands of the United States, the Northern Mariana Islands, the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Island of Guam. 72.3 Section 72.3 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TEXAS... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Areas quarantined in the...

  16. 9 CFR 72.20 - Exhibition of noninfected cattle in the quarantined area; restrictions under which permitted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TEXAS (SPLENETIC) FEVER IN CATTLE § 72.20 Exhibition of... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exhibition of noninfected cattle in the quarantined area; restrictions under which permitted. 72.20 Section 72.20 Animals and...

  17. 9 CFR 72.23 - Cars or other vehicles having carried infested or exposed cattle in quarantined area shall be...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TEXAS (SPLENETIC) FEVER IN CATTLE § 72.23 Cars... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cars or other vehicles having carried infested or exposed cattle in quarantined area shall be cleaned and treated. 72.23 Section 72.23...

  18. 9 CFR 72.11 - Quarantined area; cattle considered infested; requirements for placing in noninfectious pens or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TEXAS (SPLENETIC) FEVER IN CATTLE § 72.11... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quarantined area; cattle considered infested; requirements for placing in noninfectious pens or premises. 72.11 Section 72.11 Animals...

  19. 21 CFR 1271.60 - What quarantine and other requirements apply before the donor-eligibility determination is complete?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the donor (e.g., by a distinct identification code affixed to the HCT/P container); (2) Stating that... before the donor-eligibility determination is complete? 1271.60 Section 1271.60 Food and Drugs FOOD AND... TISSUE-BASED PRODUCTS Donor Eligibility § 1271.60 What quarantine and other requirements apply before...

  20. 粗点大小蠹的检疫鉴定%Quarantine ldentification of Dendroctonus punctatus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李健; 陆苗; 张呈伟; 李艳华; 杨光; 梁小松; 吴新华

    2014-01-01

    大小蠹属害虫是进出口木材、货物的木质包装中最易携带的害虫之一,是各国口岸检疫的重要目标。对截获的大小蠢做出快速准确的鉴定,是降低危险性大小蠢入侵我国的一个重要的方法。该文研究对象为隶属于大小蠹属中的粗点大小蠹,对其分类地位、生物学特性、鉴定特征以及传入风险等进行了详细的介绍,为粗点大小蠹的检验检疫鉴定提供参考。%Dendroctonus spp. is one of the most portable pests in imported and ex-ported timber and wooden packages, and it is an important object of the port quarantine. Making rapid and accurate identification of Dendroctonus spp. is an im-portant method to reduce the invasion risk of Dendroctonus spp. for China. ln this paper, Dendroctonus punctatus, which belongs to the Dendroctonus spp., is intro-duced in detail from the aspects of taxonomic status, biological characteristics, mor-phological characteristics and the invasion risk, providing reference for the identifica-tion of Dendroctonus punctatus in inspection and quarantine.

  1. Factors associated with household transmission of pandemic (H1N1 2009 among self-quarantined patients in Beijing, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daitao Zhang

    Full Text Available As the pandemic (H1N1 2009 progressed, the Ministry of Health of China advised cases with mild symptoms to remain home for isolation and observation, which may have increased the risk for infection among other household members. Describing the transmission characteristics of this novel virus is indispensable to effectively controlling the spread of disease; thus, the aim of this study was to assess risk factors associated with household transmission of pandemic H1N1 from self-quarantined patients in Beijing, the capital city of China. A 1:2 case-control study with 54 case households and 108 control households was conducted between August 1 and September 30, 2009 in Beijing. Cases were households with a self-quarantined index patient and a secondary case, while controls were households with a self-quarantined index patient and a close contact. Controls were also matched to cases for sex and age of index case-patient. A structured interview guide was used to collect the data. Conditional logistical models were employed to estimate Odds Ratios (OR with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI. Results indicated that higher education level (OR 0.42; 95% CI 0.22-0.83, sharing room with an index case-patient (OR 3.29; 95%CI 1.23-8.78, daily room ventilation (OR 0.28; 95%CI 0.08-0.93, and hand washing ≥ 3/d (OR 0.71; 95%CI 0.48-0.94 were related to the household transmission of pandemic H1N1 from self-quarantined patients. These results highlight that health education, as well as the quarantine of the index case-patient immediately after infection, frequent hand hygiene, and ventilation are critical to mitigating household spread of pandemic H1N1 virus and minimizing its impact. Household contacts should be educated to promote these in-home practices to contain transmission, particularly when household members are quarantined at home.

  2. Factors associated with household transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 among self-quarantined patients in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Daitao; Liu, Wenting; Yang, Peng; Zhang, Yi; Li, Xinyu; Germ, Kaylyn E; Tang, Song; Sun, Wenjie; Wang, Quanyi

    2013-01-01

    As the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 progressed, the Ministry of Health of China advised cases with mild symptoms to remain home for isolation and observation, which may have increased the risk for infection among other household members. Describing the transmission characteristics of this novel virus is indispensable to effectively controlling the spread of disease; thus, the aim of this study was to assess risk factors associated with household transmission of pandemic H1N1 from self-quarantined patients in Beijing, the capital city of China. A 1:2 case-control study with 54 case households and 108 control households was conducted between August 1 and September 30, 2009 in Beijing. Cases were households with a self-quarantined index patient and a secondary case, while controls were households with a self-quarantined index patient and a close contact. Controls were also matched to cases for sex and age of index case-patient. A structured interview guide was used to collect the data. Conditional logistical models were employed to estimate Odds Ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results indicated that higher education level (OR 0.42; 95% CI 0.22-0.83), sharing room with an index case-patient (OR 3.29; 95%CI 1.23-8.78), daily room ventilation (OR 0.28; 95%CI 0.08-0.93), and hand washing ≥ 3/d (OR 0.71; 95%CI 0.48-0.94) were related to the household transmission of pandemic H1N1 from self-quarantined patients. These results highlight that health education, as well as the quarantine of the index case-patient immediately after infection, frequent hand hygiene, and ventilation are critical to mitigating household spread of pandemic H1N1 virus and minimizing its impact. Household contacts should be educated to promote these in-home practices to contain transmission, particularly when household members are quarantined at home.

  3. Heat shock and gamma radiation in the quarantine process of Papaya CV. Solo(Carica papaya L.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pimentel, Rodrigo M.A.; Walder, Julio M.M. [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil)]. E-mails: rmapiment@cena.usp.br; jmwalder@cena.usp.br; Marcondes, Yvens E.M. [Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba (UNIMEP), SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: yvensmar@unimep.br

    2007-07-01

    Full text: To export, it is not only necessary to achieve quality standards, but also, quarantine standards. The main function of irradiation is quarantine control of fruit flies, therefore it is necessary to combine with treatments which focus at keeping fruit quality. The objective of this work was the evaluation of the quality of papaya submitted to heat treatment followed by irradiation at quarantine doses. Papayas were selected green and separated in treatments: a) control; irradiation at doses; b) 250, c) 500 Gy; d) hot water at 60 deg C for 30 seconds; and combined to doses e) 250, f) 500 Gy. The papayas were stored at 21 ({+-} 1 deg C) with relative humidity of 85 - 90%, and then after 8 days, they were evaluated by their soluble solid content, pH, titratable acidity, firmness, decay index and internal color. The analysis of mass loss and external color were executed at 0, 2, 4 and 7 days after irradiation. It was observed that in fruits submitted to hot water (d, e, f) there were less decay and in combined treatments (e, f) it was verified higher firmness. In the second day, irradiated treatments (b, c, e, f) were more yellow than the others. As to the other parameters evaluated, there were no differences between treatments (author)

  4. Gamma irradiation as a quarantine treatment for Neoleucinodes elegantalis in tomato fruit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Helbert S.F.; Fanaro, Gustavo B.; Araujo, Michel M.; Santillo, Amanda G.; Villavicencio, Anna Lucia C.H. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: villavic@ipen.br; Faria, Jose Tadeu de [Ministerio da Agricultura Pecuaria e Abastecimento (MAPA), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: dt-sp@agricultura.gov.br; Arthur, Valter [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Radibiologia e Ambiente], e-mail: arthur@cena.usp.br

    2009-07-01

    In Brazil the tomato-fruit-borer is responsible up to 45% for the loss of the production. The objective of the present report is evaluate the effects of gamma radiation ({sup 60}Co) on life cycle (eggs and larvae) of Neoleucinodes elegantalis in tomato fruits. The insects were irradiated at doses of 0 (control), 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 400 Gy, in a Gammacell 220 source at dose rate of 1.4 kGy/h. Each treatment consists of four repetitions containing 10 insects, totaling 50 insects. After irradiation, the insects were maintained under controlled conditions of 25{+-}3 deg C and relative humidity from 65 to 75%. The evaluations were done daily, counted the number of died insects, eggs and emerged larvae. With the obtained results, we could determine the lethal and sterilizing doses for all phases of cycle life in N. elegantalis for a possible quarantine treatment to export tomato fruits. These results permit conclude that the dose capable to avoid further development of stage of eggs and larvae were doses of 100 and 200 Gy. (author)

  5. DNA diagnostics to identify internal feeders (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) of pome fruits of quarantine importance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barcenas, N M; Unruh, T R; Neven, L G

    2005-04-01

    A diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method is presented for differentiating among the North American internal apple-feeding pests codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.); oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck); lesser appleworm, Grapholita prunivora (Walsh); and cherry fruitworm, Grapholita packardi Zeller. An approximately 470-bp fragment of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) was sequenced in three to six specimens of each species. Consistent and diagnostic differences were observed among the species in two regions of COI from which forward and reverse primers were designed to amplify a 112-116-bp segment of the gene. The primer sets were used to selectively amplify DNA from specimens of diverse geographic origin for each corresponding target species. Protocols were adapted for conventional and quantitative PCR, the latter being substantially faster. The method was validated as a decision-making tool for quarantine identifications for Mexico by representatives of their phytosanitary agency (Sanidad Vegetal). The method can facilitate identification of intercepted internal feeding Lepidoptera in apple and pear for many other importing nations.

  6. Gamma irradiation of sun-dried apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) for quality maintenance and quarantine purposes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hussain, Peerzada R., E-mail: hussainpr@rediffmail.co [Astrophysical Science Division, Nuclear Research Laboratory, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Zakura, Srinagar, Kashmir-190006 (India); Meena, Raghuveer S.; Dar, Mohd A.; Wani, Ali M. [Astrophysical Science Division, Nuclear Research Laboratory, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Zakura, Srinagar, Kashmir-190006 (India)

    2011-07-15

    The study is aimed at the optimization of gamma irradiation treatment of sun-dried apricots for quality maintenance and quarantine purposes. Sun-dried apricots pre-treated with potassium meta-bisulphite (KMS) at 2.5% w/v were procured from progressive apricot grower of district Kargil, Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir state. The sun-dried apricots were packed in 250 gauge polyethylene packs and gamma irradiated in the dose range 1.0-3.0 kGy. The gamma irradiated fruit including control was stored under ambient (15{+-}2-25{+-}2 {sup o}C, RH 70-80%) conditions and periodically evaluated for physico-chemical, sensory and microbial quality parameters. Radiation treatment at dose levels of 2.5 and 3.0 kGy proved significantly (p{<=}0.05) beneficial in retention of higher levels of {beta}-carotene, ascorbic acid, total sugars and color values without impairing the taste as perceived by the sensory panel analysists. The above optimized doses retained the {beta}-carotene content of sun-dried apricots to the extent of 71.2% and 72.6% compared to 63.9% in control samples after 18 months of storage. Irradiation treatment facilitated the release of residual sulfur dioxide in KMS pre-treated sun-dried apricots significantly (p{<=}0.05) below the prescribed limit for dried products. During storage, two-fold decrease in sulfur dioxide content was recorded in irradiated samples (3.0 kGy) as compared to 16.9% in control. The above optimized doses besides maintaining the higher overall acceptability of sun-dried apricots resulted in 5 log reductions in microbial load just after irradiation and 1.0 and 1.3 log reductions in yeast and mold and bacterial count after 18 months of ambient storage.

  7. Quarantine treatment for Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) through gamma radiation from Cobalt-60

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, Amanda Cristina Oliveira, E-mail: amandaramos@usp.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Potenza, Marcos Roberto, E-mail: potenza@biologico.sp.gov.b [Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de Sanidade Vegetal; Arthur, Valter, E-mail: varthur@cena.usp.b [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    Pests like beetles, moths, fungus and mites normally attack stored products such as grains, spices, flours, brans and tobacco in bale. Among these pests the Sitophilus zeamais is one of the most important pests due its elevated potential of reproduction, infesting a great number of products, inducing great damages. This work had as objective to determine the efficacy of gamma radiation from Cobalt-60 as quarantine treatment for S. zeamais. The insects used in this experiment were reared in maize grains, at the Laboratorio de Artropodes of the Instituto Biologico/SP, on climatic room with 27 +- 2 deg C of temperature and relative humidity of 70 +- 5%. Samples containing 25 adult insects were put in acrylic recipients measuring 2.8cm x 2.8cm. Each treatment had four repetitions, in a total of 100 insects for treatment. They were irradiated with growing doses of gamma radiation: 0 (control); 0,25; 0,5; 0,75; 1,0; 1,25; 1,5; 1,75; 2,0; 2,25 2,5; 2,75; 3,0; 3,5 e 4,0 kGy, in a experimental irradiator of Cobalt-60, model Gammacell-220, located at the Centro de Tecnologia da Radiacoes - CTR of the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN/SP. After irradiation, the samples were transferred to plastic recipients measuring 3,5cm x 10cm, with perforated lids (to allow gaseous exchanges). After the irradiation the samples were kept in climatic room (27 +- 2 deg C and 70 +- 5%). The mortality of insects was evaluated 1 hour after the irradiation and also on the next 7 days. By the results obtained we can conclude that was the dose of 2.75 kGy that induced the immediate mortality for adult insects of the specie S. zeamais. (author)

  8. Applicability of ion mobility spectrometry for detection of quarantine pests in wood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewing, K. J.; Sanghera, J.; Myers, S. W.; Ervin, A. M.; Carey, C.; Gleason, G.; Mosser, L.; Levy, L.; Hennessey, M. K.; Bulluck, R.

    2016-05-01

    Visual inspection is the most commonly used method for detecting quarantine pests in agricultural cargo items at ports. For example, solid wood packing material (SWPM) at ports may be a pathway for wood pests and is a frequent item of inspection at ports. The inspection process includes examination of the external surface of the item and often destructive sampling to detect internal pest targets. There are few tools available to inspectors to increase the efficiency of inspection and reduce the labor involved. Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has promise as an aid for inspection. Because pests emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as hormone like substances, Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) was investigated for possible utility for detecting pests during inspection. SWPM is a major pest pathway in trade, and fumigation of many kinds of wood, including SWPM, with methyl bromide (MeBr) following a published schedule1 is regularly conducted for phytosanitary reasons prior to shipment to the United States. However, the question remains as to how long the methyl bromide remains in the wood samples after fumigation such that it could act as an interferent to the detection of pest related VOC emissions. This work investigates the capability of ion mobility spectrometry to detect the presence of residual methyl bromide in fumigated maple and poplar wood samples at different times post fumigation up to 118 days after fumigation. Data show that MeBr can be detected in the less dense poplar wood up to 118 days after fumigation while MeBr can be detected in the denser maple wood 55 days after fumigation.

  9. Quarantined Apollo 11 Astronauts Addressed by U.S. President Nixon

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. Armstrong was the first human to ever stand on the lunar surface, followed by Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted by helicopter and taken to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF). Shown here are the Apollo 11 crew members (L to R) Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin Aldrin inside the MQF as U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon speaks to them via intercom. The president was aboard the recovery vessel awaiting return of the astronauts. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  10. Effect of quarantine treatments on the carbohydrate and organic acid content of mangoes (cv. Tommy Atkins)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, J. N.; Soares, C. A.; Fabbri, A. D. T.; Cordenunsi, B. R.; Sabato, S. F.

    2012-08-01

    Brazil is one of the largest mango producers and the third largest mango exporter worldwide. Irradiation treatment and its commercial feasibility have been studied in our country to make it possible to develop new markets and, consequently, to compete with the major exporters of mangoes, Mexico and India. This work was designed to compare irradiation treatment with the hot water dip treatment in mangoes cv. Tommy Atkins for export and to verify that the main attributes for acceptance, color and texture, as well as carbohydrate and organic acid contents, were maintained. In this study, the fruit was divided into groups: control, hot water dip-treated (46 °C for 90 min), and irradiation-treated at doses of 0.4 kGy and 1.0 kGy. The fruit was stored at low temperature (11 °C±2) for 14 days and then at room temperature (23 °C±2) until the end of the study. The results indicated that the fruit given a dose of 1.0 kGy remained in a less advanced stage of ripening (stage 3) throughout the storage period, but experienced a greater loss of texture in the beginning of the experiment. It was noted that only the control group had higher levels of citric acid and succinic acid on the last day of the experiment. There were no significant differences in the total sugar content between any treatment groups. Gamma radiation can be used as a quarantine treatment and does not interfere negatively with the quality attributes of mangoes.

  11. Quality of freeze-dried (lyophilized) quarantined single-donor plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bux, Jürgen; Dickhörner, Dieter; Scheel, Edgar

    2013-12-01

    Transfusion of plasma is a basic treatment for complex coagulopathies as well as in major blood loss. Early transfusion of plasma after trauma with major hemorrhage has been recommended by retrospective studies. However, the use of plasma is often hampered by the need to maintain a cold chain and the time needed for thawing fresh-frozen plasma (FFP). With freeze-dried (lyophilized) plasma (FDP) both difficulties can be avoided. Here, we describe the production, quality characteristics, and our experiences with FDP. Quarantine plasma samples were freeze-dried. The clotting factors fibrinogen, Factor (F)V, FVIII, FXI, von Willebrand factor (vWF), protein S, antithrombin, plasminogen, and plasmin inhibitor were determined after manufacturing and after storage at room temperature and refrigeration. Reported adverse transfusion events were evaluated and compared to that of FFP. Clinical effectiveness was estimated by inquiry among experienced users. Lyophilization resulted in a loss of coagulation factor activity between 0% and up to 20% to 25% (FVIII, vWF). When stored refrigerated, coagulation factors did not lose more than 10% of their activities. Storage at room temperature for 24 months mainly affected vWF/ristocetin cofactor activity and fibrinogen activity. From 2007 to 2011 more than 230,000 units of FDP were delivered. There were no reports about clinical ineffectiveness. The frequency of transfusion reactions was not different from that of FFP. Lyophilized plasma showed characteristics similar to FFP. Since FDP requires neither complex logistics nor time-consuming thawing, it allows rapid treatment of coagulopathies. © 2013 American Association of Blood Banks.

  12. Brief quarantine technology instructions of Sporozoosis%住肉孢子虫病检疫技术概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雅为; 魏澍; 闫海滨; 朱江巍

    2013-01-01

      住肉孢子虫病是由住肉孢子虫引起的一种原虫病,本病发生于各种家畜(马、牛、羊、猪、兔等)、鼠类、鸟类、爬虫类和鱼类中,偶尔也寄生于人。我国各地的牛羊,尤其是南方的水牛和黄牛、北方的绵羊和山羊常有发现,有些地区的感染率可达100%。住肉孢子虫寄生于各种家畜的横纹肌,致使肌肉不能食用,引起巨大的经济损失。本文对住肉孢子虫病的产地检疫技术、屠宰检疫技术和实验室检疫技术作以简要介绍。%Sporozoosis is a kind of protozoosis caused by sarcocystis sp. It can oc-cur in livestock such as horse, cattle, sheep, swine, rabbit, muroid, birds, reptil-ia and fish. Occasionally occurred in human. Cattle and sheep, especially buffalo and cattle in southern area in China, and sheep and goat in north area in China are more often positive of sporozoosis, in some area the posistive rate can be achieved 100%. Sarcocystis can be found in striated muscle of livestock, cause a huge econom-ic lost. In this article producing area quarantine technology, slaughting quarantine technology and lab quarantine technology of sporozoosis is described, providing use-ful technology.

  13. Fatal avian polyomavirus infection during quarantine in adult wild-caught red-faced lovebirds (Agapornis pullaria).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enders, F; Gravendyck, M; Gerlach, H; Kaleta, E F

    1997-01-01

    An outbreak of avian polyomavirus infection is reported in a group of six wild-caught red-faced lovebirds (Agapornis pullaria), all of which died during quarantine. The birds had not shown any previous symptoms. Histologic examination of the lungs, kidneys, livers, and spleens revealed the presence of basophilic intranuclear inclusions. Avian polyomavirus was isolated from the liver and the spleen. Neutralizing antibodies were detected in the sera from other lovebirds (Agapornis personata, Agapornis taranta) that had contact with the A. pullaria. A serologic comparison showed a close relationship with budgerigar polyomavirus.

  14. Airport sentinel surveillance and entry quarantine for dengue infections following a fever screening program in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuan Mei-Mei

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue has not reached an endemic status in Taiwan; nevertheless, we have implemented a fever screening program at airports for the early detection of febrile passengers with a dengue infection. This study is intended to assess the performance of the airport screening procedures for dengue infection. Methods We analyzed data from the national surveillance system of the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control. We included the imported dengue cases reported by sentinel airports and clinics as well as the domestic cases from 2007–2010. Results Approximately 44.9% (95%CI: 35.73-54.13% of the confirmed imported dengue cases with an apparent symptom (febrile in the viremic stage were detected via the airport fever screening program, with an estimated positive predictive value of 2.36% (95% CI: 0.96- 3.75% and a negative predictive value > 99.99%. Fluctuations in the number of the symptomatic imported dengue cases identified in the airports (X were associated with the total number of imported dengue cases (Y based on a regression analysis of a biweekly surveillance (i.e., n = 104, R2X:Y = 0.61, P 2X(t-1:Y = 0.22, R2X(t-2:Y = 0.31, P  Conclusions A moderate sensitivity of detecting dengue at the airports examined in this study indicated some limitations of the fever screening program for the prevention of importation. The screening program could assist in the rapid triage for self-quarantine of some symptomatic dengue cases that were in the viremic stage at the borders and contribute to active sentinel surveillance; however, the blocking of viral transmission to susceptible populations (neighbors or family from all of the viremic travelers, including those with or without symptoms, is critical to prevent dengue epidemics. Therefore, the reinforcement of mosquito bite prevention and household vector control in dengue-endemic or dengue-competent hotspots during an epidemic season is essential and highly recommended.

  15. Quarantine versus pathogen-reduced plasma-coagulation factor content and rotational thromboelastometry coagulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theusinger, Oliver M; Goslings, David; Studt, Jan-Dirk; Brand-Staufer, Brigitte; Seifert, Burkhardt; Spahn, Donat R; Frey, Beat M

    2017-03-01

    Different types of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) exist, and the concentrations of plasma proteins vary between individuals and blood groups. Furthermore, processing may also influence the content. Quarantine-stored plasma (qFFP) and plasma that was pathogen-reduced using blood-safety (Intercept) technology (piFFP) were analyzed regarding procoagulant and anticoagulant hemostasis proteins, including endogenous thrombin (thrombin-generation) potential (ETP). Thirty-five samples of each type of FFP were analyzed using only male Blood Group O donors. FFP units were stored frozen for comparable periods of time before plasma protein content was assessed. Once the units were thawed, all tests were completed within 4 hours. The results are presented as means ± standard deviations or as median (minimum; maximum) and were compared using independent-sample t tests (significance, p < 0.01). Significantly higher concentrations of adintegrin-like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type-13 motifs (ADAMTS13), fibrinogen, Factor (F)V, FVIII, FXIII, protein S, protein S activity, antithrombin, microvesicle (<900 nm), and α2 antiplasmin were observed in qFFP. The variability of factors was significantly lower in piFFP. Tissue factor (TF) at 1 picomolar (pM) exhibited significantly longer lag time, a lower peak, lower ETP, and a lower velocity index in qFFP compared with piFFP. In TF at 5 pM, significant differences in lag time (longer in qFFP), velocity index (lower in qFFP), and peak (lower in qFFP) were observed. Rotational thromboelastometry revealed a significantly longer (p = 0.002) clot-formation time with intrinsic thromboelastometry for piFFP and a significantly shorter clotting time (p = 0.004) with thromboelastometry fibrinogen testing for piFFP. Pathogen reduction reduces procoagulant and anticoagulant coagulation factors as well as variability. A thrombin-generation assay showed no reduced ETP and no supraphysiological thrombin generation. None of the

  16. Airport sentinel surveillance and entry quarantine for dengue infections following a fever screening program in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Dengue has not reached an endemic status in Taiwan; nevertheless, we have implemented a fever screening program at airports for the early detection of febrile passengers with a dengue infection. This study is intended to assess the performance of the airport screening procedures for dengue infection. Methods We analyzed data from the national surveillance system of the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control. We included the imported dengue cases reported by sentinel airports and clinics as well as the domestic cases from 2007–2010. Results Approximately 44.9% (95%CI: 35.73-54.13%) of the confirmed imported dengue cases with an apparent symptom (febrile) in the viremic stage were detected via the airport fever screening program, with an estimated positive predictive value of 2.36% (95% CI: 0.96- 3.75%) and a negative predictive value > 99.99%. Fluctuations in the number of the symptomatic imported dengue cases identified in the airports (X) were associated with the total number of imported dengue cases (Y) based on a regression analysis of a biweekly surveillance (i.e., n = 104, R2X:Y = 0.61, P dengue cases (X) with a 1–2 month lead time (t) was in parallel with that of the domestic dengue cases (Y) based on a consecutive 4-year surveillance (i.e., n = 48, R2X(t-1):Y = 0.22, R2X(t-2):Y = 0.31, P dengue at the airports examined in this study indicated some limitations of the fever screening program for the prevention of importation. The screening program could assist in the rapid triage for self-quarantine of some symptomatic dengue cases that were in the viremic stage at the borders and contribute to active sentinel surveillance; however, the blocking of viral transmission to susceptible populations (neighbors or family) from all of the viremic travelers, including those with or without symptoms, is critical to prevent dengue epidemics. Therefore, the reinforcement of mosquito bite prevention and household vector control in

  17. Laboratory-confirmed dengue fever and chikungunya fever cases at the Narita Airport Quarantine Station in 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furuichi, Mieko; Makie, Toshio; Honma, Yasuko; Isoda, Takayoshi; Miyake, Satoru

    2015-01-01

    Fourteen patients were laboratory-confirmed cases of imported infectious diseases at the Narita Airport Quarantine Station in 2013. Blood tests were performed on 283 subjects suspected of having imported infectious diseases. Of these, 11 were diagnosed as having dengue fever (dengue) and 3 as having chikungunya fever (chikungunya) using real-time RT-PCR. The possible countries from which dengue virus infections were contracted were Thailand, Laos, Sri Lanka, and some other countries in Southeast Asia and South Asia. The 3 chikungunya cases were also diagnosed in individuals that returned from Southeast Asia. Most of the patients with dengue had a fever of over 38℃. The other symptoms were generalized fatigue, dull headache, pain behind the eyes, arthralgia, and digestive symptoms. Four of the patients were unaware of any mosquito bites. The information obtained from the confirmed cases showed that it is important to consider both the destination to which individuals travelled and the clinical symptoms, regardless of whether the subjects were aware of mosquito bites. The detection rate of chikungunya at the Quarantine Station was higher than that of dengue in all reported cases in Japan.

  18. An improved quarantine method for mangoes against the Mexican fruit fly based on high-pressure processing combined with heat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velazquez, Gonzalo; Candelario, Hugo Ernesto; Ramírez, José A; Montoya, Pablo; Loera-Gallardo, Jesús; Vázquez, Manuel

    2010-05-01

    The Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most important insects infesting mangoes, citrus, and other fruits in Mexico and other Latin-American countries. Quarantine methods approved to destroy this insect decrease the shelf life of commodities. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of high-pressure processing using an initial temperature of 50 degrees C on the survivorship of eggs and larvae of the Mexican fruit fly. Eggs and larvae were pressurized at 25, 50, 75, 100, or 150 MPa for 0, 5, 10, or 20 min. The hatching ability of pressurized eggs of 1, 2, 3, and 4 days old and survivorship of the first, second, and third instars were registered. Further, the ability to pupate was studied in surviving third instars. The results showed that eggs were more resistant than larvae to the high-pressure processing. Treatments at 150 MPa at initial 50 degrees C for 10 min destroyed all eggs and larvae of A. ludens, indicating that this process might be useful as a quarantine method for infested mangoes or other fruits.

  19. Development and Practical Use of RT-PCR for Seed-transmitted Prune dwarf virus in Quarantine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siwon Lee

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Among imported plants, seeds are the items that have many latent pathogens and are difficult to inspect. Also, they are the import and export items whose market is expected to expand. The biggest problem with seeds is viruses. Prune dwarf virus (PDV is the virus that is commonly inspected in Prunus cerasifera, P. persica, P. armeniaca, P. mandshurica, P. cerasus, P. avium or P. serotina seeds. In this study, two RT-PCR primer sets, which can promptly and specifically diagnose plant quarantine seed-transmitted PDV, were developed; and nested PCR primers, where products amplify 739 and 673 nucleotides (nt, and an nested PCR-product, 305 nt, can be obtained as these products are amplified again, were developed. Also, a modified-positive control plasmid was developed, where the restriction enzyme XhoI, which can identify the contamination of samples from the control, was inserted. The method developed in this study has detected PDV in 18 cases since 2007, and is expected to continuously contribute to the plant quarantine in Korea.

  20. An assessment of the benefits of yellow Sigatoka (Mycosphaerella musicola control in the Queensland Northern Banana Pest Quarantine Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Cook

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The banana leaf spotting disease yellow Sigatoka is established and actively controlled in Australia through intensive chemical treatments and diseased leaf removal. In the State of Queensland, the State government imposes standards for de-leafing to minimise the risk of the disease spreading in 6 banana pest quarantine areas. Of these, the Northern Banana Pest Quarantine Area is the most significant in terms of banana production. Previous regulations imposed obligations on owners of banana plants within this area to remove leaves from plants with visible spotting on more than 15 per cent of any leaf during the wet season. Recently, this leaf disease threshold has been lowered to 5 per cent. In this paper we examine the likely impact this more-costly regulation will have on the spread of the disease. We estimate that the average net benefit of reducing the diseased leaf threshold is only likely to be $1.4million per year over the next 30 years, expressed as the annualised present value of tightened regulation. This result varies substantially when the timeframe of the analysis is changed, with shorter time frames indicating poorer net returns from the change in protocols. Overall, the benefit of the regulation change is likely to be minor.

  1. Approved quarantine treatment for Hessian fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in large-size bales and Hessian fly and cereal leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) control by bale compression

    Science.gov (United States)

    An approved quarantine treatment using bale compression (32 kg/sq cm of pressure) and phosphine fumigation (61 g/28.2 cu m) aluminum phosphide for 7 d at 20 degrees C) was determined to control Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say), in large-size, polypropylene fabric-wrapped bales exported from t...

  2. Quarantine cold treatments for Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) for citrus in Argentina: conclusions after 10 years of research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willink, Eduardo; Gastaminza, Gerardo; Salvatore, Analia; Gramajo, M. Cecilia; Acenolaza, Mariana; Avila, Rosana; Favre, Paola, E-mail: ewillink@eeaoc.org.a [Estacion Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres (EEAOC), Tucuman (Argentina)

    2006-07-01

    Argentina has quarantine restrictions in some markets due to the presence of two quarantine fruit fly pests: Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus. One alternative is the use of cold quarantine treatments during transport of the commodities. Since 1996, the Estacion Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres (EEAOC), Tucuman, Argentina, has developed different cold quarantine treatments for citrus. In the present work we present all the data the EEAOC generated in the last ten years in order to facilitate the development of such cold treatments. Fruit flies were obtained from the colonies reared at EEAOC. Four citrus species were analyzed: lemon, grapefruit, orange and tangerines. Different varieties were analyzed for each fruit species. Sensitivity trials aiming at determine the most tolerant stage as well as to asses if there is any influence of varieties on cold tolerance were performed. Finally we compared the tolerance to cold between the two species. Sensitivity trials showed that mature larvae (L3) are the most tolerant stage for both fruit fly species. There was no effect of the varieties and the two fruit fly species were equally sensible to cold. Our results provide strong evidence in favor of concluding that any cold treatment developed for C. capitata is effective for A. fraterculus. (author)

  3. Detection of a new luteovirus in imported nectarine Trees: A case study to propose adoption of metagenomics in post-entry quarantine

    Science.gov (United States)

    In spring 2013, five year-old nectarine (Prunus persica) trees, grafted on peach rootstock Nemaguard, were found stunted in a propagation block in California. These trees had been propagated from budwood of three nectarine cultivars imported from France and cleared through the post-entry quarantine ...

  4. 关于野生动物防疫检疫管理的思考%Thinking on Management of Prevention and Quarantine of the Wild Animal Diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘辉; 郑利莎; 陈海良

    2016-01-01

    随着《中华人民共和国野生动物保护法》的修订颁布,检疫证明成为野生动物经检疫合格的唯一法律凭证,没有检疫证明的动物不得经营和运输。为了加强对野生动物的保护,明晰动物防疫检疫工作职责,本文从野生动物监管涉及的部门、名录、防疫、检疫等方面进行阐述,为兽医主管部门提供思路和建议,以促进国家建立内检与外检、陆生动物与水生动物、养殖动物与野生动物协调统一的管理体制。%With the issuance of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife(revised), quarantine certificate is the only legal evidence which can guarantee the conformity ,hence animals without quarantine certificates shall not be sold or transported. In order to strengthen the protection for wild animals and clarify responsibilities of animal epidemic prevention and quarantine services,the departments,disease lists,epidemic prevention,animals inspection and quarantine and other aspects involved in wild animal supervision were introduced in this article,so as to provide veterinary competent authorities with thoughts and suggestions,which would contribute to the building of a coordinated and unified management system for interior and exterior inspection and quarantine, terrestrial and aquatic animals,as well as farmed and wild animals,etc.

  5. 检学合作的实践与思考%Practice and Thinking of the Academic Cooperation of Inspection and Quarantine Bureau and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王清松; 陈自猷; 郑朝辉

    2014-01-01

    本文作者通过泉州检验检疫局与泉州医学高等专科学校,建立检学合作的探索与实践,浅谈检学教学合作的意义,推动检学合作的几点思考与建议,与大家探讨。以期通过深化检学合作,助力科技质检建设。%By the practice and thinking of the academic cooperation of quanzhou entry-exit inspection and quarantine bureau and quanzhou medical college, the author talked about the significance of academic cooperation of inspection and quarantine bureau and universities, and about several thinging and suggestions on promoting academic cooperation, so as to boost the constraction of quality inspection by deepening the academic cooperation.

  6. Development of food preservation and processing techniques by radiation - Quarantine treatment of agricultural products for export and import by gamma irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Joong Ho; Kang, H. J.; Chung, H. W.; Roh, M. J. [Kyungbuk National University, Taegu (Korea)

    2000-04-01

    To pre-establish an alternative technique to the toxic fumigant, methyl bromide which is the current quarantine measure of agricultural products for export, some selected agricultural products, such as apple and pear, were subjected to a preliminary study to confirm the comparative effects of gamma irradiation and MeBr fumigant on their disinfestation and quality, thereby preparing the basic data for the practical approach. Current quarantine activities were examined and the related limitations were investigated. Quarantine-related pests were investigated on their radiosensitivity and disinfestation effects by both treatments. The pests in apple and pear, Tetranychus urticae Koch, Panonychus ulmis Koch revealed a 100% mortality at around 17 days after irradiation of 3 kGy but it was too high dose for apple and pear. Tetranychus urticae Koch, Panonychus ulmi Koch from both apple and pear showed an increased mortality when exposed to 1 {approx} 2 kGy irradiation, resulting in apparent mortality 1 month later. 1 {approx} 2 kGy irradiation could be recommended for apple and pear. Current fumigation was perfect in its disinfesting capability, but it caused the detrimental effects on physical quality of agricultural produce. Whereas, irradiation doses suitable for controlling the pests did not induce any significant changes in the quality of the samples. 40 refs., 64 figs., 160 tabs. (Author)

  7. Draft genome sequence of Karnal bunt pathogen (Tilletia indica) of wheat provides insights into the pathogenic mechanisms of quarantined fungus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Manoj; Pandey, Dinesh; Saharan, M. S.; Marla, Soma S.

    2017-01-01

    Karnal bunt disease in wheat is caused by hemibiotrophic fungus, Tilletia indica that has been placed as quarantine pest in more than 70 countries. Despite its economic importance, little knowledge about the molecular components of fungal pathogenesis is known. In this study, first time the genome sequence of T. indica has been deciphered for unraveling the effectors’ functions of molecular pathogenesis of Karnal bunt disease. The T. indica genome was sequenced employing hybrid approach of PacBio Single Molecule Real Time (SMRT) and Illumina HiSEQ 2000 sequencing platforms. The genome was assembled into 10,957 contigs (N50 contig length 3 kb) with total size of 26.7 Mb and GC content of 53.99%. The number of predicted putative genes were 11,535, which were annotated with Gene Ontology databases. Functional annotation of Karnal bunt pathogen genome and classification of identified effectors into protein families revealed interesting functions related to pathogenesis. Search for effectors’ genes using pathogen host interaction database identified 135 genes. The T. indica genome sequence and putative genes involved in molecular pathogenesis would further help in devising novel and effective disease management strategies including development of resistant wheat genotypes, novel biomarkers for pathogen detection and new targets for fungicide development. PMID:28152050

  8. Epidemiological evidence of multidrug-resistant Shigella sonnei colonization in India by sentinel surveillance in a Japanese quarantine station.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Yasuhiro; Nakano, Takashi; Katayama, Yuko; Aoki, Hiroaki; Hirayama, Takanori; Ooi, Yukimasa; Eda, Junji; Imura, Shunro; Kashiwagi, Etsuro; Sano, Kouichi

    2008-07-01

    We applied a previously reported method to clarify whether a multidrug-resistant Shigella colonizes in a south Asian country. At Kansai Airport Quarantine Station, stool samples were collected from overseas travelers who reported a history of diarrhea. Shigella strains were isolated, ranging from 53 to 106 (average, 82.4) isolates/year (2001-2005), and almost 80% of the isolates were Shigella sonnei. The most frequent country of origin was India. Strains from the country of the most frequent origin were studied by antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Resistance to tetracycline, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and nalidixic acid was observed at the highest frequency: in 23 of the 25 strains isolated in 2001, 5 of the 13 strains isolated in 2002, and 16 of the 19 strains isolated in 2005. Strains showing the most prevalent multidrug-resistance pattern were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The PFGE profiles showed that 27 of the 44 strains isolated in 2001, 2002, and 2005 were identical in PFGE pattern, as determined using two restriction enzymes. We concluded that a multidrug-resistant Shigella sonnei colonizes in a south Asian country.

  9. Sources, perceived usefulness and understanding of information disseminated to families who entered home quarantine during the H1N1 pandemic in Victoria, Australia: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fielding James

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Voluntary home quarantine of cases and close contacts was the main non-pharmaceutical intervention used to limit transmission of pandemic (H1N1 2009 influenza (pH1N1 in the initial response to the outbreak of the disease in Australia. The effectiveness of voluntary quarantine logically depends on affected families having a clear understanding of what they are being asked to do. Information may come from many sources, including the media, health officials, family and friends, schools, and health professionals. We report the extent to which families who entered home quarantine received and used information on what they were supposed to do. Specifically, we outline their sources of information; the perceived usefulness of each source; and associations between understanding of recommendations and compliance. Methods Cross-sectional survey administered via the internet and computer assisted telephone interview to families whose school children were recommended to go into home quarantine because they were diagnosed with H1N1 or were a close contact of a case. The sample included 314 of 1157 potentially eligible households (27% response rate from 33 schools in metropolitan Melbourne. Adjusting for clustering within schools, we describe self-reported 'understanding of what they were meant to do during the quarantine period'; source of information (e.g. health department and usefulness of information. Using logistic regression we examine whether compliance with quarantine recommendations was associated with understanding and the type of information source used. Results Ninety per cent understood what they were meant to do during the quarantine period with levels of understanding higher in households with cases (98%, 95% CI 93%-99% vs 88%, 95% CI 84%-91%, P = 0.006. Over 87% of parents received information about quarantine from the school, 63% from the health department and 44% from the media. 53% of households were fully compliant and

  10. Quarantine Pest- Bruchus rufimanus and Integrated Control Measures%检疫性害虫-蚕豆象及综合防治措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建红; 白双桂; 陈旭雯

    2012-01-01

    The morphological features and biological characteristics of quarantine pest-Bruchus rufimanus were introduced as to grasp the law, to use coordinately labor, physical and chemical control measures reduce insect population base effectively to a minimum threshold.%介绍了检疫性害虫-蚕豆象的形态特征和生物特性,掌握其发生规律,协调运用人工、物理和化学等综合防治措施有效降低虫口基数,将危害减少到最低阈值。

  11. The origins of the pavilion lazaretto. Quarantine architecture between the 18th and 19th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonastra, Quim

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of pavilion lazaretto was built above the scientific basis established during the hospital reform process held in France on the lasts decades of Eighteenth Century. The morphological solutions adopted for the new quarantine taxonomy has not been given by the example borrowed by the new typology of hospital as resulted in this discussion, but by existing quarantine and detention facilities in general. In this paper we will analyse all factors that have influenced in the configuration of this model of lazarettos.

    El modelo de lazareto pabellonario se configuró a partir de las bases científicas establecidas durante el proceso de reforma hospitalaria acaecido en Francia en el último tercio del setecientos. La adopción de soluciones que dieran forma a la nueva tipología cuarentenaria no vino dada precisamente por el ejemplo prestado por los nuevos tipos de hospital resultantes de este debate sino por el de otras instalaciones de cuarentena y, en general, de encierro, ya existentes. En este artículo se analizarán todos los factores que influyeron en la configuración de este modelo de lazaretos.

  12. Preharvest quarantine treatments of Chlorantraniliprole,Clothianidin, & Imidacloprid-based insecticides for control of Japanese beetle Coleoptera:Scarabaeidae)& other scarab larvae in the root zone of field-grown nurserytrees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica Newman (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), is an important quarantine pest of nurseries. Nursery plant movement from P. japonica-infested regions is regulated by the U.S. Domestic Japanese Beetle Harmonization Plan (DJHP), which classifies states by risk categories. Treatm...

  13. 基于检验检疫和银行网络的检付通系统①%IQP System Based on the Network of Inspection & Quarantine and Bank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜文; 黄飞鸿; 马洪波

    2013-01-01

    In the processing that Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Organization deal with declaration of the import and export enterprises, enterprises should come to Inspection and Quarantine Organization finance department for payment. Traditional payment method is to be settled with cash. This Inspection-Quarantine Payment system is designed based on the network of Inspection&Quarantine Organization and Bank of China. This system completed the payment with electronic billing and electronic toll collection. There are the advantages with fast and easy payment, reconciliation, high efficiency and high service level. In practical application, this system has effectiveness and feasibility.%  出入境检验检疫机构在受理进出口企业报检流程中,企业需要到检验检疫财务部门进行计费、收费,传统缴费方式采用现金结算。本系统通过设计一种基于检验检疫和中国银行网络的检付通系统,实现电子计费、电子收费。其优点是缴费快捷,对账轻松,极大提高工作效率和服务水平。在实际应用中可行、有效。

  14. Comparison of two short DNA barcoding loci (COI and COII) and two longer ribosomal DNA genes (SSU & LSU rRNA) for specimen identification among quarantine root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) and their close relatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiewnick, S.; Holterman, M.H.M.; Elsen, van den S.J.J.; Megen, van H.H.B.; Frey, J.E.; Helder, J.

    2014-01-01

    Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) are important pests of numerous crops worldwide. Some members of this genus have a quarantine status, and accurate species identification is required to prevent further spreading. DNA barcoding is a method for organism identification in non-complex DNA backgrou

  15. Nucleic acid specific-based amplification and its application in inspection and quarantine%NASBA技术及其在检验检疫中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王英超; 王宁宁; 吴兴海; 陈长法; 魏晓棠; 封立平; 张成标

    2014-01-01

    Nucleic acid specific-based amplification (NASBA) is a new technology to amplify RNA originated in PCR. As a new research means, NASBA has the characteristics of convenience, good accuracy, high sensitivity and short periods, especially applicable to RNA analysis. The nucleic acid analysis technology is an important means in entry-exit inspection and quarantine, which can be used to detect and identify pathogenic microorganism in food, pests and pathogen in animals and plants. The paper briefly introduced basic principle of NASBA, compared NASBA to RT-PCR, realtime RT-PCR and other isothermal amplification methods and revealed their differences and similarity. According to the usage characteristics of NASBA, the paper reviewed the application and prospect of NASBA in food safety detection and animal and plant quarantine in entry-exit inspection and quarantine.%序列特异性核酸体外扩增技术(nucleic acid specific-based amplification, NASBA)是在PCR基础上发展起来的一种扩增RNA的新技术,作为一种新型研究手段,具有便捷、准确性好、灵敏度高、周期短的特点,尤其适用于RNA的分析研究。核酸分析技术是出入境检验检疫工作的重要手段,可用于食品病原微生物、动植物产品中的有害生物、病原的分析及鉴定。本文简要介绍了NASBA技术的基本原理,在论证对比NASBA技术与普通PCR方法、荧光PCR方法及其他恒温扩增等核酸分析技术的差异及相似性后,根据其使用特点进一步对NASBA在进出境检验检疫的食品安全检测及动植物检疫的应用予以综述及展望。

  16. Quarantine and Identification of Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller)%检疫性有害生物--葡萄花翅小卷蛾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛春敬; 刘勇; 廖芳

    2013-01-01

    在国内首次提出了葡萄花翅小卷蛾Lobesia botrana(Denis&Schiffermüller)的鉴定依据,并提供该种害虫详细的形态特征、生物学特性以及危害特点等信息,以期使读者较全面地了解葡萄花翅小卷蛾的经济重要性,为进一步研究、检疫和防治该种害虫提供参考。%Identification of Lobesia botrana (Denis&Schiffermüller) with morphological characteristics, biological and damage features is provided first in China in the present paper to fully understand the economic importance and to give a reference for further research, inspection and quarantine and control of this pest.

  17. 浅谈动物检疫电子出证%A Brief Discussion on Electronic-based Certiifcate Issuing Practice in Animal Quarantine System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏绍兰; 叶浩宇; 杨立刚

    2016-01-01

    本文阐述了动物检疫电子出证的优点,强调了开展该项工作对规范动物检疫出证,提高检疫效率以及提升动物产品安全监管水平的重要意义,认真分析了电子出证在系统设计、便携使用出证不规范及设备不足等方面存在问题,建议通过完善电子出证系统和出证设备,加大投入,加强培训,以期进一步推进动物检疫电子出证工作深入开展。%In this article,the advantages of electronic-based certificate issuing practice in animal quarantine system were introduced and the significance of carrying out this project was emphasized,which included standardizing certificates issuing practice,increasing work efficiency of animal quarantine and enhancing the supervision of animal product safety. Meanwhile,the problems encountered in implementing the project were carefully analyzed,such as the system design,substandard certificates issuing practice under the situation of portable use,as well as the lack of equipment. Based on the analysis,corresponding recommendations were put forward to further promote the launching of the project,including improving the system and equipment for issuing certificates,increasing inputs and intensifying training.

  18. Approved quarantine treatment for Hessian fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in large-size hay bales and Hessian fly and cereal leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) control by bale compression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoyama, Victoria Y

    2011-06-01

    A quarantine treatment using bale compression (32 kg/cm2 pressure) and phosphine fumigation (61 g/28.3 m3 aluminum phosphide for 7 d at 20 degrees C) was approved to control Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say), in large-size, polypropylene fabric-wrapped bales exported from the western states to Japan. No Hessian fly puparia (45,366) survived to the adult stage in infested wheat, Triticum aestivum L., seedlings exposed to the treatment in a large-scale commercial test. Daily temperatures (mean +/- SEM) inside and among bales in three test freight containers were 17.8 +/- 0.2 front top, 17.0 +/- 0.2 front bottom, 17.3 +/- 0.2 middle bale, 15.7 +/- 0.3 middle air, 18.5 +/- 0.1 back top, and 18.1 +/- 0.1 degrees C back bottom, allowing the fumigation temperature to be established at > or = 20 degrees C. Mean fumigant concentrations ranged from 208 to 340 ppm during the first 3 d and ranged from 328 to 461 ppm after 7 d of fumigation. Copper plate corrosion values inside the doors, and in the middle of the large-size bales in all locations indicated moderate exposure to hydrogen phosphide (PH3). PH3 residues were below the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency tolerance of 0.1 ppm in animal feeds. The research was approved by Japan and U.S. regulatory agencies, and regulations were implemented on 20 May 2005. Compression in large-size bale compressors resulted in 3-3.6 and 0% survival of Hessian fly puparia and cereal leaf beetle, Oulema melanopus (L.), respectively. Bale compression can be used as a single treatment for cereal leaf beetle and as a component in a systems approach for quarantine control of Hessian fly.

  19. Detection of a New Luteovirus in Imported Nectarine Trees: A Case Study to Propose Adoption of Metagenomics in Post-Entry Quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bag, Sudeep; Al Rwahnih, Maher; Li, Ashley; Gonzalez, Asaul; Rowhani, Adib; Uyemoto, Jerry K; Sudarshana, Mysore R

    2015-06-01

    In spring 2013, 5-year-old nectarine (Prunus persica) trees, grafted on peach rootstock Nemaguard, were found stunted in a propagation block in California. These trees had been propagated from budwood of three nectarine cultivars imported from France and cleared through the post-entry quarantine procedure. Examination of the canopy failed to reveal any obvious symptoms. However, examination of the trunks, after stripping the bark, revealed extensive pitting on the woody cylinder. To investigate the etiological agent, double-stranded RNA was extracted from bark scrapings from the scion and rootstock portions, and a cDNA library was prepared and sequenced using the Illumina platform. BLAST analysis of the contigs generated by the de novo assembly of sequence reads indicated the presence of a novel luteovirus. Complete sequence of the viral genome was determined by sequencing of three overlapping cDNA clones generated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and by rapid amplification of the 5'- and 3'-termini. The virus genome was comprised of 4,991 nucleotides with a gene organization similar to members of the genus Luteovirus (family Luteoviridae). The presence of the virus, tentatively named Nectarine stem pitting-associated virus, was confirmed in symptomatic trees by RT-PCR. Discovery of a new virus in nectarine trees after post-entry quarantine indicates the importance of including (i) metagenomic analysis by next-generation sequencing approach as an essential tool to assess the plant health status, and (ii) examination of the woody cylinders as part of the indexing process.

  20. Quarantine Supervision and Management of Amaranth Seeds in Entry Grains%浅析进境粮谷中苋属杂草种子的检疫监管

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林圣韵

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the common amaranth seeds in entry grains were introduced. The morphology and quarantine supervision features of amaranth plants were described too. The methods of treatment on amaranth seeds captured and the notes during amaranth quarantine supervision and management were also listed.%介绍了在进境粮谷检疫中常见的苋属植物种子,对苋属植株形态、种子检疫鉴定特征进行了总结,并列举了进境检疫中对截获的苋属植物种子的处理方法,指出了选境检疫监管的注意事项.

  1. 健全质量管理体系 保证蚕种检验检疫质量%Perfecting the Quality Management System to Make Better Inspection and Quarantine on Silkworm Eggs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杰

    2012-01-01

    阐述了浙江省蚕种质量检验检疫站质量管理体系的构建与运行实效,对确保全省蚕种质量的作用。%The quality management system in Zhejiang sitkworm eggs inspection and quarantine station was mainly introduced. And its actual effect for ensure the quality of silkworm eggs in Zhejiang province were also summarized.

  2. 湖南保靖县动物产地检疫中存在的问题及解决建议%Problems in Animal Origin Quarantine in Baojing Countyof Hunan and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭清峰; 龙琪琪

    2015-01-01

    本文阐述了保靖县基层动物产地检疫中存在的权责不清、检疫手段落后、经费不足、认识不深等问题,提出了完善执法体系、加强培训、强化监管、推进无害化处理等方面的建议,以促进基层产地检疫的健康发展,确保畜产品的质量安全.%In this paper,the problems in grassroots animal Origin quarantine in Baojing County,Hunan Province were described,including unclearness of powers and responsibilities,poor quarantine means,budget shortage and less awareness. Some suggestions were put forward to promote the healthy development of grassroots animal origin quarantine and to ensure animal product quality and safety,such as improving the law enforcement system,strength-ening the training and supervision,promoting the bio-safety disposal.

  3. Comparison of Inspection and Quarantine Policies on Importing Racing Horses with Six Countries%6国赛马入境检验检疫政策对比浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童明龙; 李琰; 姜焱; 柯家法; 王水明; 张睿; 顾志军; 张扬; 梁照文

    2015-01-01

    在马匹来源、疫苗接种、入境前隔离检疫、运输和入境后隔离检疫等方面对加拿大、澳大利亚、日本、欧盟、阿联酋、俄罗斯等6个国家和地区的赛马入境检验检疫政策进行比较。通过比较,总结了以上6个国家和地区相关政策的特点,旨在为我国建立合理的赛马入境检验检疫政策提供依据。%In this study the inspection and quarantine policies of Canada,Australia,Japan,European Union,United Arab Emirates and Russia on importing racing horses are compared on different areas such as the origin of the horses,vaccination,pre-entry quarantine,transportation and post-entry quarantine. The characteristics of the national polices of the six countries above are summarized and it is aim to provide evidence for establishing a reasonable and available policy of China.

  4. Pest control and quarantine supervise system of New Zealand exported apple%新西兰出口苹果的有害生物监控及检疫监管体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁三寅; 卢广

    2012-01-01

    新西兰苹果出口到欧盟、亚洲、美洲和中东等65个国家和地区,其国内水果生产建立了较完善的出口苹果有害生物监控及检疫监管体系,通过介绍新西兰苹果出口的监管体系、有害生物监控防治、出口检验检疫等,供国内检验检疫部门和农业生产部门借鉴和参考。%New Zealand apple exports to 65 countries and regions,such as the EU,Asia,America and the Middle East.For apple export,New Zealand has established a complete pest controlling and quarantine supervision system in fruit production,In this paper,New Zealand apple export regulatory system,pest monitoring and controlling,export inspection and quarantine are introduced,and these offer some reference for domestic inspection and quarantine departments and agricultural production sector.

  5. Investigation and Analysis on Quarantine Monitoring of Brucellosis%布鲁氏菌病检疫监测情况调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李强

    2012-01-01

    [目的]通过1990-2009年与2010-2012年布鲁氏杆菌的检疫监测结果对比,观察该病的发病趋势。[方法]各年度采集牛、羊、猪血清进行平板凝集(或虎红平板凝集)实验初筛,试管凝集判定结果。[结论]1990-2009年,牛羊猪综合的阳性检出率为)0.068%;2010-2012年,综合阳性率1.635%,而以荷斯坦乳牛阳性检出率上升最为显著,由0.019%上升到2.983%。%[Objective] It was to investigate the incident trend of brucellosis by comparing the quarantine results from 1990 to 2009 and with the results from 2010 to 2012. [MethodiThe serums of cattle, sheep and swine were collected every year for the first detection by plate agglutination test (or rose benaal plate agglutination test) ,and then confirmed by tube agglutination test. [Conclusion]The positive detectable rate of brucellosis in cattle,sheep and swine integrated was 0. 068% from 1999 to 2009, but increased to 1. 635% from 2010 to 2012. While the positive detectable rate of brucellosis increased most notably from 0. 019 % to 2. 983 % in Holstein cows.

  6. Xiphinema americanum Cobb, 1913 (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae: espécie-praga quarentenária para o Brasil Xiphinema americanum Cobb, 1913 (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae: quarantine pest for Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovani Greigh de Brito

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Diversos aspectos referentes à espécie-praga quarentenária Xiphinema americanum, incluindo características taxonômicas, distribuição geográfica, plantas hospedeiras, aspectos bioecológicos, potencial de transmissão de viroses e medidas de controle, entre outros, foram abordados nesta revisão. A dificuldade encontrada pelos especialistas na correta identificação deste nematóide quarentenário muitas vezes determina que X. americanum seja confundido com outras espécies pertencentes ao mesmo gênero. Esta praga, além de utilizar como hospedeiras várias espécies de plantas e encontrar-se estabelecida em diversas regiões do globo terrestre, constitui-se em um agente transmissor de viroses, dentre as quais algumas são também consideradas quarentenárias para vários países, incluindo o Brasil. Considerando a sua ampla distribuição geográfica somada ao seu alto potencial de transmissão de viroses, o conhecimento dos aspectos abordados nesta revisão pode auxiliar na redução do risco de introdução deste nematóide quarentenário á áreas indenes no Brasil.Different aspects concerning the quarantine pest X. americanum, including taxonomic characteristics, world distribution, host plants, viruses transmission potential, control methods and others, were reviewed. The difficulty in correctly identifying this nematode usually results in its misleading into another species belonging to the same genus. Considering that this pest has almost a worldwide distribution and that it is a virus’s vector, knowledge about it is important to avoid its introduction in new areas, like Brazil.

  7. The development of emergency disposal system for quick inspection and quarantine of important events%重大事件快速检验检疫应急处置系统的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁军; 牛国宇; 王馨

    2015-01-01

    The emergency disposal system for quick inspection and quarantine of important events is a multi-level and intelligent system targeting practical situation at ports, and could provide rapid response to significant public safety events. This system is based on laboratory detection system and bio-safety security strategy. It includes in-formation collecting, epidemic situation report, detection technology, issue instruction and data analysis. This sys-tem has different response time according to different ranks of communicable diseases. According to the rapid analy-sis and assessment of detection data, it can deal with significant events timelier, safer and more effective, making inspection and quarantine department better functioning in port quarantine.%重大事件快速检验检疫应急处置系统是一套针对口岸工作实际情况,快速应对重大公共安全事件的多层次、智能化检测体系。该体系以突发事件检测实验室体系及生物安全保障策略为基础,由信息采集、疫情直报、检测技术、指令下达和数据分析五部分组成。该系统根据传染病不同重要程度,具有不同的响应时间,依据不同响应时间对检测数据进行快速分析评估,及时、安全、有效的完成重大事件应急处理,更好的发挥检验检疫在口岸的把关作用。

  8. The Actualization of Information Management to Airport Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Integrated Service%空港检验检疫电子化管理的研究与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伟; 唐多嘉; 陈海; 赵霞; 杨鹏; 谢有锦

    2015-01-01

    随着经济全球化和贸易自由化步伐加快,对出入境检验检疫工作在促进地方经济发展、把关国门安全及提高产品质量等方面提出了新要求,特别是航空物流的高度发达,使空港口岸检验检疫传统监管模式与方法受到冲击与挑战。为解决这些矛盾和问题,采用信息化手段设计和研发机场检验检疫综合业务管理系统,提升空港口岸监管有效性和科学性以及通关便利化水平。本文从分析当前四川空港检验检疫工作现状着手,针对空港检验检疫的电子全申报与全监管、自动风险预警、多种申报途径、全数据挖掘等重点难点问题进行了详细阐述。%With the development of econom ic globalization and trade freedom , the entry-exit inspection and quarantine has raised new questions about local econom y development, entry-exit safety and quality im provement.Especially, the highly development of aviation transportation gives a great challenge both to traditional adm inistration and method of airport inspection and quarantine. To resolve these conflicts and problem s, inform atization measures were used to design and develop the airport entry-exit inspection and quarantine integrated business management system , forasm uch the efficiency of airport adm inistration and productiveness of custom s clearance were quite high. This paper, based on the analysis of current situation in Sichuan airport, focuses on critical issues for airport inspection and quarantine, including the fully-electronic declaration & supervision, autom atic risk warning, multiple way for declaration and fully data m ining.

  9. Application and Quality Control of ELISA Detection Kit in Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine%ELISA检测试剂盒在出入境检验检疫中的应用与质控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏海燕; 曾静; 张伟; 刘建礼; 梁新苗; 李东燕; 刘来福

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduced the application of ELISA test kit in inspection and quarantine field,the existing problems and the present situation of supervision,and discussed the evaluation method of quality control for ELISA kit.%介绍了ELISA检测试剂盒在检验检疫中的应用情况、面临的问题及当前的监管现状,并探讨了ELISA检测试剂盒的质控评价方法。

  10. Big Data Analysis on Swine,Bovine,Ovine and Chicken Originated Quarantine in Liaoning Province in 2015%辽宁省2015年猪牛羊鸡产地检疫大数据分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊; 郭洪军; 金晖; 钱锐; 郝德威; 司占军

    2016-01-01

    In order to reveal the status of animal quarantine and to provide basic data for the understanding and analysis of animal health supervision, according to related data from the Animal Health Monitoring Information Tracing Platform, the originated quarantine situation of swine,bovine,ovine and chicken in Liaoning province in 2015 was analyzed.%辽宁省动物卫生监管信息追溯平台运行以来积累了大量数据,大数据的效用逐渐显现。本文结合相关数据,就辽宁省2015年猪、牛、羊、鸡产地检疫情况进行简要分析,以期揭示全省动物产地检疫工作现状,为了解和分析全省动物卫生监督工作状况提供基础数据。

  11. Psychological Analysis and Ethical Countermeasure of Quarantined Patients in a University%某高校传染病隔离患者的心理分析与伦理学对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏联珍; 李瑞林; 樊永娟; 岳丽; 蔡乐农

    2011-01-01

    通过分析某高校传染病隔离患者的心理问题,提出了相应的伦理学对策:首先,运用健康教育来保障患者的知情同意权;其次,运用网络来保护患者的受教育权;再次,必须给患者以充分的人文关怀;最后,一方面可利用危机干预热线进行心理干预,另一方面也要注意保护患者的健康权及隐私权.%This paper analyzes the psychological problems of the quarantined patients in a university and comes up with relevant ethical countermeasures as follows: First of all, we should use health education to protect the patients'right of informed consent. Secondly, internet is used to protect the human right for education. Thirdly, we must pay close attention to humanistic care for the patients. The usage of crisis intervention hotline is necessary,while quarantined patients'privacy and right of health must be respected.

  12. 国际赛马进出境检疫的法律问题%The Law Problems on Entry-Exit Quarantine of Racing Horses for International Equestrianism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单玉萍; 游洪; 周仲芳; 王彭军; 鱼海琼

    2015-01-01

    In order to assess the applicability of China’s animal quarantine laws and regulations in the entry-exit quarantine of international racing horses,a comparison was conducted between the special requirements for international transport of competing horses and our current laws and regulations on international equestrian events,and it was found that the applicability of our current laws and regulations on competing horses was poor. Suggestions were made to revise and improve the related laws and formulate the corresponding technical regulations.%为评估国内法律法规在国际赛马进出境检疫方面的适用性,将国际赛马跨境移动的特殊性与我国现行的动物检疫法律法规进行了对照,发现国内法律法规在此方面的适用性较差,建议修订完善相关法律,制订相应的技术规范。

  13. 浅析国际马术比赛期间进境赛马检疫监管的关键点%Analysis of the Key Points in Horse Entry Quarantine Control during the International Equestrianism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永红; 汪天杰; 周仲芳; 游洪

    2015-01-01

    为提高对进境赛马的检疫监管水平,保障赛马健康和赛事顺利举办,对进境赛马的特点、检疫监管要求和主要工作环节进行了简述、分析,指出了赛马检疫监管工作的重点和难点,提出了比赛期间应加强赛马临床检疫、训练和赛时监管以及饲草、饲料使用监管等方面的建议。%In order to improve the quarantine control over the entry racing horses and to ensure the smooth running of horsemanship event,the characteristics of the entry racing horses were briefly described in the article,the quarantine and control requirements were analyzed and the emphases and difficulties were pointed out. Suggestions were put forward,including strengthening clinical examination of the racing horses,control over their training and competition and supervision over the use of feedstuffs and forages.

  14. Application of plant DNA barcoding in inspection and quarantine%植物DNA条形码技术在出入境检验检疫领域的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伏建国; 杨晓军; 钱路; 安榆林

    2012-01-01

    DNA条形码技术是一种通过标准的DNA片段鉴定物种的新技术,已成为近年来生物学研究热点之一。由于DNA条形码技术具有快速、准确、自动等优点,可以满足目前出入境检验检疫工作中提出的"检得出、检得快、检得准"的要求。本文对植物DNA条形码的研究进展进行了概述,分析了该技术在检验检疫应用领域中存在的不足,并针对如何更好地将该技术应用于检验检疫工作中提出了建议。%DNA barcoding is a new biological tool for species identification by use of standardized DNA regions.It has received considerable attention since Canadian taxonomist Paul Hebert proposed the concept in 2003.It is a rapid,accurate and automatic method which meets the requirements of inspection and quarantine.In this paper,the advance and disadvantages of plant barcoding are summarized,and the prospects of application in inspection and quarantine are reviewed.

  15. 重要检疫性杂草刺萼龙葵分子生物学检测的研究%Study on molecular detection of quarantine weed Solanum rostratum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 廖芳; 杨秀丽; 刘鹏; 牛春敬; 黄国明

    2011-01-01

    Solanum rostratum Dunal belonging to genus Solanum L. , is a quarantine weed being banned access to China. This paper selected 5 species with similar morphologic characters of seeds. Through analysis of the difference of DNA sequences of GBSSI gene, a set of specific primers were designed for the PCR detection of the genomic DNA of Solanum rostratum. The stable and credible molecular detection method has been successfully established, and the detection duration is one day to finish the whole process. The establishment of this detection method would strongly promote the quarantine of plant weeds.%刺萼龙葵属于茄属植物,是我国规定禁止进境的检疫性有害杂草.选取与刺萼龙葵种子形态非常近似的同科5种植物为研究对象,依据茄科植物GBSSI基因序列差异,设计刺萼龙葵的特异PCR引物SRSF1/SRSR1,扩增片段约为500bp,用于对刺萼龙葵的特异检测.本研究建立了刺萼龙葵快速简便、稳定可靠的分子生物学检测方法,一个工作日内完成检测.

  16. Preschoolers' Quarantining of Fantasy Stories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richert, Rebekah A.; Smith, Erin I.

    2011-01-01

    Preschool-aged children are exposed to fantasy stories with the expectation that they will learn messages in those stories that are applied to real-world situations. We examined children's transfer from fantastical and real stories. Over the course of 2 studies, 3 1/2- to 5 1/2-year-old children were less likely to transfer problem solutions from…

  17. The Potential Distribution of Quarantine Mikania micrantha in China%检疫性杂草薇甘菊在中国的适生性与分布

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琼霞; 黄振; 于文涛; 虞赟; 鲁志彤; 黄可辉

    2013-01-01

    根据薇甘菊的生物学特性,筛选影响薇甘菊的平均最高气温、平均气温、平均最低气温、降雨量、降雨日数及平均日照等6个气候风险因子.应用欧式距离的数学模型,评判薇甘菊适生区深圳与中国其他17个气候大区相应地点的30 a(1971~2000年)气候相似程度.应用农业气候相似等级标准法,对薇甘菊在我国的适生情况进行划分.结果表明:薇甘菊的适生区为:暖温带湿润大区、中亚热带湿润大区、南亚热带湿润大区、南亚热带亚湿润大区、边缘热带湿润大区、边缘热带亚湿润大区、高原亚温带湿润大区、高原亚温带亚湿润大区、北亚热带季风气候大区;次适生区为:暖温带亚湿润大区;非适生区为:寒温带湿润大区、中温带湿润大区、中温带亚湿润大区、中温带亚干旱大区、中温带干旱大区、暖温带极干旱大区、高原亚温带亚干旱大区.%The potential distribution area of the quarantine weed Mikania micrantha in China was assessed based on the biological characteristics of Mikania micrantha, using the homoelime approach. And 6 climate factors (the average maximum temperature, average temperate, average minimum temperature, annual precipitation, precipitation days and annual average sunshine time) were selected as the variables. Euclidean distance was used to evaluate the similarity of climate factors for 30 years (1971~2000) between Shenzhen, where is the distribution area of Mikania micrantha, and other 17 climate districts in China. The suitable distribution, less suitable distribution and unfit distribution of Mikania micrantha in China were concluded by agricultural climatic similarity and discriminant method. And the potential distribution map of Mikania micrantha in China was provided. The present study provided theoretical basis for the prevention and control of Mikania micrantha.

  18. 浅谈检疫犬在太原机场口岸工作中的使用情况及存在问题%Talking about the Service Status of Quarantine Dogs in the Port Inspection Work of Taiyuan Airport and Existing Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晶晶; 张娟

    2015-01-01

    随着人民生活水平的提高,近年来山西出入境游客逐步增加,给太原机场动植物检疫工作带来了巨大压力,在这种情况下,检疫犬逐步引入机场口岸检疫工作。介绍了太原机场检疫犬应用情况,针对检疫犬使用中存在的问题,提出了相应的对策与建议。%With the improvement of the people’s living standard, the number of the tourists entering and exiting Shanxi is increasing gradually in recent years, which brings about huge pressure on the animal and plant quarantine work of Taiyuan Airport, under such a situation, the quarantine dog is introduced into the port inspection and quarantine work of the airport. This paper introduces the service status of the quarantine dogs in Taiyuan Airport, and in the light of some problems existing in the use of qquarantine dogs, puts forward some corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.

  19. 出口食品农产品检验检疫风险评价体系的建立%The Establishment of Risk Assessment System for Inspection and Quarantine of Food and Agricultural Exports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈孟裕; 高保立; 毛唯君; 梁启平; 翁志平

    2011-01-01

    The Inspection and Quarantine Risk Assessment Matrix(IQRAM) for export food and agricultural products were constructed with the principles and methods of U.S.MIL-STD-822B standard.For the first time,the Inspection and Quarantine Risk Accident(IQRA) was defined as the adverse reactions caused by substandard product at home or abroad.The IQRA severe grading standards were established,and the probability of IQRA was estimated by the frequency of the IQRA occurring within a year in the paper.The monitoring program of food and agricultural exports was developed with 459 batches of samples,according to EU Directive 2002/63/EC.Based on risk evaluation system,the risk of inspection and quarantine of export food and agricultural products is set to five levels,such as HHH,HH,H,M and L.The specific risk level of exported companies or products could be dynamically adjusted to tightening or loosening according to the monitoring results.%利用美国M IL-STD-822B标准的原理和方法构建了出口食品农产品检验检疫风险评价矩阵,首次定义了检验检疫风险事故是不合格产品引起的国内外不良反应,并制定了风险事故后果的严重等级划分标准,确立了以一年内发生风险事故的频次作为风险事故发生概率的原则;同时依据欧盟2002/63/EC指令对风险评价结果制定了以连续459批为一个监控周期的抽样方案。根据风险评价体系,将出口食品农产品检验检疫风险设置为5个风险等级:HHH、HH、H、M和L,依据监控抽样的检测结果可以对具体出口企业和产品进行风险等级加严或放宽的动态调节。

  20. 检验检疫实验室质量管理体系的建立与存在的问题%The establishment and existing problems of the inspection and quarantine laboratory quality management system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王英杰; 孟祥梅

    2014-01-01

    With the further development of testing/calibration market's reform and opening, inspection and quarantine laboratories in China will face the challenges of foreign advanced testing/calibration laboratories. So, the introduction of ISO/IEC17025 standards to improve the ability and management level of inspection and qu-arantine laboratories will be the only way for developing the laboratory. Through the analysis of problems in practical work, the experience of laboratory quality system’s construction and implementation from two as-pects of quality management and technical management were introduced in this paper, the ways for how to maintain sustained and effective operation of laboratory quality system were discussed, while the analysis and advice of some problems about the inspection and quarantine laboratory using international advanced stan-dards were given in order to provide a good significance on operation of laboratories.%随着我国检测/校准市场的对外开放,国内检验检疫实验室将面临着国外先进的检测/校准实验室的严峻挑战,因此引入 ISO/IEC17025准则以提升检验检疫实验室的能力和管理水平,将是检验检疫实验室的唯一出路。本文通过实际工作中遇到的问题,从质量管理活动和技术管理活动的两方面,介绍了在实验室质量体系建设和实施过程中的体会和经验,探讨了如何保持实验室质量体系持续有效运行的几点认识。同时,分析了检验检疫实验室采用国际先进标准还存在的一些问题,并提出了相关的建议,对于实验室的良性运行有着一定的意义。

  1. Irradiation of fruits for quarantine insect desinfestation. Development in the world and in France. L'ionisation des fruits pour le traitement de quarantaine contre les insectes. Developpement dans le monde et en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buscarlet, L.A. (CEA Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, (FR). Service de Radio Agronomie)

    1990-10-01

    In many countries strict phytosanitary controls have been established to prevent the entry of foreign insect species. The recent interdiction of ethylene dibromide fumigation in USA led to the search of new methods of quarantine control among which irradiation was considered as the more convenient. In different countries such as USA, Australia, New Zeland, studies were conducted to determine the dose of irradiation efficient for controlling different insect species and to verify that irradiation had no noxious effect on the fruits. At the present time the papaya harvested in Hawaii and irradiated against fruit flies are allowed to enter in the continent of USA. In France the irradiation of apples against Leucoptera malifoliella is under study to promote the exportation of apples to America.

  2. Identification and Quarantine for 3 Species Dendroctonus Erichson in China%浅析我国分布的3种大小蠹的识别与检疫管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴中虹

    2011-01-01

    对红脂大小蠹、华山松大小蠹和云杉大小蠹的形态特征、为害寄主以及危害症状进行了比较分析,提出了检疫管理措施,为进境口岸针对性检疫和保护我国的林木资源提供参考。%This paper compares the morphological characteristics and harm characteristics of Dendroctonus valens,D, armandi and D. micans. Combined with the practical situation of port inspection and quarantine, the paper proposes thequarantine measures against the three species Dendroctonus Erichson.

  3. Quarantine treatment to Ceratitis capitata (Wied., 1824) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in orange fruits (Citrus sinensis).; Tratamento quarentenario para Ceratitis capitata (Wied., 1824) (Diptera: Tephritidae) em frutos de laranja (Citrus sinensis)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albergaria, Nuno Miguel Mendes Soares de

    2005-07-01

    This work was carried out to evaluate the effect of thermal treatments (vapour heat and hot water) and irradiation on Ceratitis capitata eggs and larvae (first, second and third instars), in 'Valencia' oranges; the relation between temperature and exposition time to vapour heat and hot water on fruit fly immature; the relation among the different doses of radiation on fruit fly immature and evaluate the effect of the treatments (thermal treatments and irradiation) on the chemical composition of the fruits. It was evaluated the heat absorption and loose of heat by the fruit. For thermal treatments it was used temperatures of 44 and 46 deg C for 15,30,60, 90 and 120 minutes and a control. For irradiation were used the doses: 10,20, 30, 40, 50, 100, 150 and 200 Gy. By the results obtained it is possible to conclude that: to the control of eggs and larvae (first, second and third instars) the treatment with vapour heat was less efficient than the hot water treatment; the thermal treatments of C. capitata eggs and larvae (first and second and third instars) can be recommended with vapor heat at 46 deg C at 152.2 minutes or with hot water at 46 deg C at 84.8 minutes, achieving the quarantine request; third instar larvae are more tolerant to the thermal and irradiation treatments; the treatment with irradiation can be recommended for quarantine treatment of ali immature stages evaluated with the dose of 72.88 Gy; the dose of 50 Gy causes sterility to the adults emerged from ali immature stages irradiated; treatments do not cause any change in the chemical proprieties in the orange fruits var. 'Valencia'. (author)

  4. The Application of Total Quality Management Theory(TQM)on Quarantine and Supervision of Import Container%TQM理论在进境集装箱检疫监管中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘迪

    2011-01-01

    在进境集装箱检疫监管中,应用TQM理论可以提高监管质量.从TQM理论的角度,分析进境集装箱检疫监管中应用该理论的可行性.实行TQM理论对进境集装箱检疫监管,理论自身特点能够满足进境集装箱检疫监管的需要,同时具有管理成本低、促进持续改进、兼顾内外部顾客等方面的优越性.TQM理论能够满足进境集装箱检疫监管的需要,笔者提出建议以更好地发挥TOM理论的作用.%To improve the supervision quality of import container through the application of Total Quality Management Theory (TQM). Taking an analysis on the feasibility of application of TQM on quarantine and supervision of import container. The characteristics of TQM were satisfied with supervising import container under the TQM management. More than this, using TQM on import container supervision had many superiorities such as reducing management cost, promoting amelioration continually, satisfying both internal customer and exterior customer. The requirements of quarantine and supervision import container can be satisfied through implementation of TQM. Some suggestions were also given by the author that how to improve the result of TQM implementation.

  5. Revelation of developing the health quarantine core ability demonstration plot at Yantian LNG port%创建“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸核心能力示范区”的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕志平; 李政良; 周连志; 杨建垒

    2011-01-01

    Objective To summarize the experience and efficiency of developing " Health Quarantine Core Ability Demon-stration Plot of Yantian LNG port" (HQCADP), so as to provide guidance for the implementation of health quarantine core ability in Shenzhen. Methods System review and experience summary would be used to describe the whole picture of the HQCADP development. Results Through the successful development of HQCADP, the Yantian LNG port has widely in-crease the ability in disease control, which may guarantee the trading and sustainable supply of natural gas in Peral River Delta. The significant social benefits and economic effectiveness demonstrated that the development of HQCADP was worth generalizing. Conclusion The establishment of the HQCADP is an scientific way to fulfill the legal responsibility of the health quarantine institution. It is also an inevitable demand to deal with the major trend development in international infec-tious disease control, meanwhile it may benefit sustainable growth of local economic.%目的 总结深圳“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸卫生检疫核心能力示范区”建设经验和成效,指导和完善深圳口岸卫生检疫核心能力建设.方法 对深圳“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸卫生检疫核心能力示范区”建设的背景和取得的成效进行回顾、分析和经验总结.结果 通过示范区的成功创建,大幅提升了LNG码头的传染病防控能力,促进了码头进出口贸易,保障了包括香港在内的珠三角地区天然气供应安全稳定,促进了社会主义和谐社会的长效构建,取得了显著的社会、经济和检验检疫业务效益.结论 创建“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸卫生检疫核心能力示范区”是履行检验检疫法律职责的科学途径,是应对国际传染病防控形势新发展的必然要求,是促进地方经济可持续发展的积极举措.示范区的成功创建经验值得推广.

  6. Development and application of quarantine insect DNA barcoding technology%检疫性昆虫DNA条形码检测技术的研发与应用实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶兼菱; 安榆林; 钱路; 杨晓军; 徐梅; 吴翠萍; 魏春艳; 牛磊; 甘英俊

    2015-01-01

    [目的] DNA条形码技术是近年来生物分类鉴定的研究热点之一,已成为植物检疫性昆虫鉴定的有力工具.为快速、准确地鉴定口岸截获的昆虫种类,实现"检得出、检得准、检得快"的要求,我们研发了昆虫DNA条形码试剂盒检测技术(Insect DNA barcoding identification kit).[方法]该检测技术针对出入境植物检疫性及危险性昆虫的主要类群,选择合适的基因片段、设计引物、对目标基因进行扩增测序,找出基因片段上区分每个物种的多态位点规律,作为该物种的鉴定特征并建立数据库,应用于植物检疫性及危险性昆虫的物种鉴定.[结果] 以检疫性昆虫木蠹象属Pissodes为例,确定了木蠹象属5种昆虫的多态位点规律(鉴定特征),构建了用于物种鉴定的数据库.通过比对数据库里的鉴定特征,将未知样品鉴定为榛梢木蠹象P. terminalis(相似度100%),与形态鉴定结果一致.本文介绍了检测技术的原理、方法、技术流程及应用实例,并展望了其在有害生物检测中的推广应用前景.[结论] 昆虫DNA条形码试剂盒检测技术为建立标准化,准确性高的物种鉴定平台打下基础,有着良好的推广应用前景.%[Objectives] DNA barcoding has been one of the main focuses of insect taxonomic research in recent years and has become a powerful tool for the identification of plant quarantine insects. In order to accurately identify and intercept pest insects at ports of entry, we developed an insect DNA barcoding identification kit (IDK). This kit allows the quick and accurate identification of known, and potential, pest insects.[Methods] New primers for specific insect genera or groups were designed to improve amplification efficiency. A combination of nucleotide diagnostic sites from molecular sequences of closely related species from the same genera was generated and a database was built specifically for species identification.[Results] We took

  7. 全面深化质检改革需要处理好四个关系%Four Relations Needed to be Handled Properly in Deepening the Reform of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅克保

    2014-01-01

    党的十八届三中全会作出了全面深化改革的重大决定,国家质检总局根据党中央要求和质检工作实际,部署了全面深化改革的一系列重大任务。学习贯彻习近平总书记重要讲话精神,完成质检改革各项任务,需要科学认识和把握改革的本质要求和内在规律,认真处理好改革实践中的几个关系:一是要处理好“顶层设计”与“基层探索”的关系;二是要处理好“整体推进”与“重点突破”的关系;三是要处理好“激活内力”与“借助外力”的关系;四是要处理好“胆子要大”与“步子要稳”的关系。%The Third Plenum of the 1 8 th Central Committee of the CPC has made a maj or decision to deepen reforms comprehensively.In accordance with the actual situation of the work and requirements of the CPC Central Committee,the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine has arranged a series of maj or tasks of deepening reform comprehensively. To study and implement the spirit of Xi Jinping ’s speech, complete reform tasks of quality supervision,inspection and quarantine,we need to understand scientifically and grasp the essential requirements and inherent law of reforms,and handle several relations in reform practice properly:Firstly,deal with the relationship between “TopGlevel Design”with “Grassroots Exploration”;Secondly,deal with the relationship between “Overall Progress”and“Breakthroughs”;Thirdly, handle the relationship between"to Activate Internal Forces"and“Draw Support Outside”;Fourthly, deal with the relationship between“courage to be large”and “steps to be stable ”.

  8. 戒毒所的社会工作介入方式研究--以Y强制隔离戒毒所为例%A Study of Social Work Interventions in Drug Rehabilitation Center---A Case Study of Y Compulsory Quarantine Rehabilitation Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙秀兰

    2016-01-01

    In order to break through the bottleneck in compulsory quarantine rehabilitation , Y Compulsory Quarantine Rehabilitation Center introduces professional concepts and methods from social work , upholds the professional concept of “help to be self-reliant”, focuses on the “empowerment” of participants seeking de-toxification , in order to enhance their adaptability and to achieve governance innovation for drug rehabilita-tion centers.This paper introduces the status quo of social work interventions in Y Compulsory Quarantine Rehabilitation Center and explores the major interventions , with further discussion on how to strengthen the social work interventions in drug rehabilitation centers .%为突破强制隔离戒毒工作的瓶颈,Y强制隔离戒毒所引进社会工作专业的理念与方法,秉持“助人自助”的社工专业理念,着重于戒毒学员的“增能”,以提升戒毒学员的适应能力,实现戒毒机构治理创新。介绍了Y强制隔离戒毒所的社工介入现状,并探索主要的介入方式,还就如何加强戒毒所社会工作的介入进行了探讨。

  9. Development of Modern International Logistics and the New Requirements on Inspection and Quarantine%现代国际物流发展对检验检疫的新要求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈皖

    2011-01-01

    In view of the new trends manifested by the rapidly developing modern international logistics industry, namely, integratedness of logistics resources and operations, greater emphasis on industrial standards and networks, easier access to international logistics parks and more diversified international logistics business, etc., the paper introduces the close tie between international logistics and border inspection and quarantine and analyzes the new requirements placed by the former on the latter.%基于国际物流呈现的新形势,即国际物流更加集成化、标准化和网络化,同时国际物流园区更加便利化、国际物流业务更加多样化,阐述了国际物流与出入境检疫检验的密切关系,分析提出了国际物流的发展对检疫检验的新要求,为国际物流的快速发展提供参考.

  10. 黄热病与新时期的国境卫生检疫工作%The yellow fever and the frontier health quarantine in the new era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张显光; 戴俊; 洪烨; 张文; 邓荆; 兰和森; 黄鹂; 方树春; 高云霞

    2011-01-01

    Objective To discuss how to implement the yellow fever frontier health quarantine works in the new era. Methods The epidemiological factors of yellow fever such as the main symptoms, the important source districts, the prevalence around the world were analyzed, and the effective prevention and control measures were discussed. Results The yellow fever epidemic mainly occurred at some countries in Africa and South America, annual incidence of 200,000 and 30,000 deaths. With the deepening global economic integration, the risk of yellow fever epidemic imported to the non-traditional endemic area was highly increased. USA and some Europe countries had already reported many imported cases. In China, the yellow fever biological media had still found in several provinces such as Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan, almost all the people were susceptible, So the outbreak risk of yellow fever epidemic in China caused by the imported cases shouldn t be ignored. Conclusion The entry-exit inspection and quarantine bureau should seriously implement IHR and strengthen the core capacity requirements for surveillance and response at ports, take effective control measures to prevent the possibility of epidemic outbreak caused by imported cases.%目的 探讨在新时期如何开展黄热病国境卫生检疫工作.方法对黄热病的起源、流行病学特征、流行现状等因素进行分析,并探讨如何采取有效的防控措施.结果当前,黄热病主要局限在非洲和南美洲的部分国家发生,年发病人数达20万例,死亡3万例.随着全球经济一体化的不断深入,黄热病疫情进入非黄热病流行区的风险日益增加,美国和欧洲均有类似报道.在我国,海南、广东、广西、云南等省仍存在着黄热病传播媒介,均为易感人群,因此,黄热病疫情传人我国并造成本地暴发的风险不容忽视.结论新时期的检验检疫部门应认真贯彻落实《国际卫生条例》,全面加强口岸核心

  11. Research on the Trade of Agricultural Products and the Inspection and Quarantine Policy in Countries of Central Asia%中亚各国农产品贸易状况及检验检疫政策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂志强; 刘婧; 吴卫

    2012-01-01

    To develope agriculture and agricultural product trade cooperation under the SCO frmaaework of Xinjiang and Central Asian countries, advance Xinjiang agriculture science and technology progress and innovation, and promote Xinjiang agriculture and the agricultural product trade development level, on the basis of the comparison of agricultural development status, trend and policy in Central Asia, trade of agricultural products inspection and quarantine policies and related regulations of the Central Asian countries were analyzed. A good grasp of the organization orientation and mutually beneficial and cooperation was put forward according to countermeasures analysis of Xinjiang and Central Asian countries in agricultural trade cooperation in respects of the importance, feasibility, initiatives and future trend.%以加快新疆同中亚各国在“上合组织”框架内,开展农业及农产品贸易领域的合作、推进新疆农业科技进步与创新、提升新疆农业及农产品贸易发展水平为目的,在对中亚各国农业发展状况、政策、趋势进行翔实对比的基础上,分别解析了中亚各国农产品贸易的检验检疫政策及相关规定,提出:’把握好“上合组织”的定位与影响力、采取互利共赢的合作举措与对策建议,分析了新疆与中亚国家在农产品贸易领域合作的重要性、可行性、举措和未来走势。

  12. The Global Stability of the Epidemic Model with Latency and Quarantine%具有潜伏和隔离的传染病模型的全局稳定性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡新利; 周义仓

    2009-01-01

    研究了一类具有隔离仓室和潜伏仓室的非线性高维自治徽分系统SEQIJR传染病模型,得到疾病绝灭与否的阈值--基本再生数Ro.证明了当Ro≤1时,模型仅存在无病平衡点,且无病平衡点是全局渐近稳定的,疾病最终绝灭;当Ro>1时,模型存在两个平衡点,无病平衡点不稳定,地方病平衡点全局渐近稳定,疾病书持续.隔离措施影响着基本再生数,进而推得结论:适当地增大隔离强度,将有益于有效地控制疾病的蔓延.这就从理论上揭示了隔离对疾病控制的积极作用.%In this paper, a class of non-linear high dimensional autonomous SEQIJR epidemiology model containing quarantine is studied. The threshold , basic reproductive number , which determines whether a disease is extinct or not is obtained. The existence and global stabilities of the disease-free equilibrium and the endemic equilibrium are proved. The conclusions indicate that a proper increasing of segregation intension benefits the efficient restraining disease spread. It is theoretically showed that the segregation has an active effect on disease controlling.

  13. On the Reform Course of Export Food Inspection and Quarantine Supervision Mode in China%出口食品检验监管模式改革历程研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解卉; 李军民

    2013-01-01

    As the market economic system gradually established and improved in China,the acceleration of government functions transformation,the content and methods of administrative supervision has undergone profound changes.The government reduced the direct intervention in micro-economic,and strengthened the supervision referring to national economic security,national health as well as other fields involving safety,health,environment protection,etc.The importance of the mode innovation in administrative supervision of CIQ is getting increasingly significant in the new circumstance.The course of the reform of inspection and quarantine supervision mode in China was reviewed.The foundation course and significance of the electronic system for inspection and supervision were also discussed%随着我国市场经济体制逐步建立和完善,政府职能转变的加快,行政监管的内容和方式发生着深刻变革.政府减少了对微观经济的直接干预,而加强了涉及国家经济安全、国民生命健康以及安全、卫生、环保等领域的监管,这使得出口企业检验检疫监管工作的模式改革重要性日益凸显.简要回顾了我国检验检疫监管模式改革的历程,并探讨了电子检验监管系统的建设和意义.

  14. Analysis of Inspection and Quarantine of Imported and Exported Wood Packing at Xiamen Port%厦门口岸进出境货物木质包装检疫情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林玲玲; 黄蓬英; 方志鹏; 丛尧华

    2015-01-01

    对2012-2013年度厦门口岸进出境木质包装检疫情况进行分析。结果显示:木质包装进出境数量逐年上升,进境货物木包装输出国家或地区较多,进境木包装不合格数量逐年增加,出境木包装整体情况良好,不合格数批次少。厦门口岸实践表明“直通放行,集中查验”把关的模式,可提高疫情检出率,减少进口货物滞港时间,节约通关费用,创造良好社会效益。%In this paper, the status of the Inspection and Q uarantine supervision and management on imported and exported wood packing at Xiamen Port from2012 to 2013 was analyzed. Theresult indicated that the number of imported and exported wood packing was increasing year by year, trade countries was various, and the disqualification number was increasing, but the epidemiCdetection rate was receded step by step, the exported wood packing were better than the imported. Based on the practice in Xiamen Port, the mode of "Express release, Centralized inspection" was good at improving customs clearance environment and improving its efficiency and epidemiCdetection rate. This quarantine supervision mode might ensure tight inspection, decrease port detention time, economize customs clearance fees, effectively help foreign enterprises as well as create foreign trade facilitation.

  15. Psychological status of the drug abusers under mandatory quarantine treatment: Investigation and analysis on 752 cases%752例强制隔离戒毒者心理健康状况的多层次比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦克诚; 何苗苗; 刘涛; 杨玉祥; 刘新民; 金明琦; 张婷; 滕永升; 周黎红; 徐东彪; 李桦

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解戒毒者心理健康状况,为强制隔离戒毒模式的心理康复提供依据.方法:对752例戒毒者采用90项症状清单(SCL-90)进行测验,并进行心理健康的多层次比较.结果:戒毒人员的各项评分均高于全国常模,差异非常显著(P<0.001),不同类型的戒毒人员测验结果有差异.结论:强制隔离戒毒人员存在严重的心理健康问题,不同类型的戒毒人员心理健康状况不同,应采取个体化的和有效的心理干预措施.%Objective:To investigate the psychological status of substance users for providing evidences for psychological rehabilitation of this population undergoing enforced isolated detoxification treatment.Methods-.The Symptom Checklist-90 ( SCL-90 ) was used to evaluate the psychological status in 752 drug users and the results were compared in different levels. Results :The drug abstainers scored averagely higher on each item as compared with national norm, with significant statistical difference( P < 0.001 ),and the differences were seen in different types of drug users. Conclusion: Serious psychological disorders exist in the drug abstainers under the mandatory quarantine treatment, and different types of drug abusers have exhibited diverse psychological status, which suggests that individualized treatment should be important to the effective psychologicalintervention of this population.

  16. 国境口岸重大呼吸道传染病检验检疫防控组织制度体系建立的探讨%Analysis on establishment of the organizational system of inspection and quarantine prevention and control for severe respiratory diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋悦谦; 苏轶; 丁星; 秦宇; 秦阿希; 魏尧

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨如何建立和完善国境口岸重大呼吸道传染病检验检疫防控组织制度体系.方法 对北京检验检疫局甲型H1N1流感疫情防控经验进行总结,内容包括组织领导、指挥动员、工作流程、联防联控及信息报送机制等组织制度,明确应如何开展重大呼吸道传染病检验检疫防控组织制度体系建设.结果 完善的组织制度体系有助于提高重大呼吸道传染病的防控效率,控制疫情蔓延.结论 有力的组织机构保障、权责明确的分级管理体系、顺畅的信息沟通渠道以及灵活的联防联控机制是建立和完善重大呼吸道传染病检验检疫防控组织制度体系的重要内容,应予以重视和推广.%Objective To establish and perfect the organizational system of the inspection and quarantine prevention and control of the severe respiratory diseases at the frontier ports. Methods The experience of epidemic prevention and control of influenza A (H1N1) in Beijing Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau were summaried, including the organizational leadership, command mobilization, work flow, joint prevention and control,and the information submitted mechanism. The organizational system of the inspection and quarantine prevention and control of the severe respiratory diseases was made clear. Results Perfect organizational system can be help to improve the efficiency of the prevention and control of substantial respiratory diseases,and control the spread of disease. Conclusion Strong organization security, accountable hierarchical management system,smooth communication channels and flexible joint prevention and control mechanism are important parts to establish and perfect the organizational system of the inspection and quarantine prevention and control of the Severe respiratory diseases, so should be taken seriously and promoted.

  17. Incidence of fruit flies on coffee and citrus and quarantine treatment of citrus fruits by gamma radiation; Incidencia de moscas-das-frutas em cafe e citros e tratamento quarentenario de frutos citricos com radiacao gama

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raga, Adalton

    1996-12-31

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the fruit fly infestation on coffee and citrus, and also to determine gamma radiation doses for immature stages of Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus, in order to satisfy quarantine regulations. Coffee arabica varieties Icatu Vermelho, Catuai Amarelo, Mundo Novo and Sarchimor showed the highest infestation indices (pupa/berry): 0.53; 0,41; 0.33 and 0.36. respectively Icatu Vermelho and Catuai Vermelho showed the highest values of pupa/berry weight (0.49 and 0.39, respectively), and Robusta (Coffea canephora) presented the lowest index (0.01). The following fruit flies were found in coffee berries: C. capitata (76.6%) Anastrepha spp. (7.4%) and Lonchaeidae (17.0%). In area near coffee plantation, fruit fly infestation indices in sweet oranges were of 4.77 larvae/kg and 0.55 larva/fruit. The infestation indices for sweet orange, collected from five regions of the State of Sao Paulo ranged from 0.73 to 7.60 pupa/kg and 0.12 to 1.27 pupa/fruit. The same species of fruit flies were found in oranges. In the case of C. capitata eggs with 24-48 hours old, 20 Gy prevented completely adult emergence (artificial diet and orange). No emergence of adult occurred when C. capitata larvae of third instar were irradiated at 20 Gy in their rearing medium. But at 25 Gy, the number of adults was reduced by 54% and 97% from larval infestation in oranges and grapefruit, respectively. A dose of 30 Gy was required to prevent medfly emergence from third instar larvae in grapefruit. A dose of 15 Gy was required for third instar, to prevent adult emergence of A. fraterculus. No adult emerged from C third instar, to prevent adult emergence of A. fraterculus. No adult emerged from C capitata pre-pupa irradiated at 30 Gy. One medfly adult emerged from pupa (3-4 days after pupating) irradiated at 120 Gy. At the same dose, sixteen A. fraterculus adults emergency from irradiated pupa with 5-6 days old. (author) 85 refs., 2 figs., 13 tabs.

  18. Research Progress on the Quarantine and Identify Methods of Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht.f.sp. cubense(E.F.Sm.) Snyd.et Hans(Race 4)%香蕉枯萎病菌4号小种检疫鉴定方法的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爱华; 陈长法; 胡东青; 高连喜; 程秀杰

    2011-01-01

    香蕉枯萎病菌4号小种引起的香蕉枯萎病是一种毁灭性病害,该病菌主要侵害香蕉,是我国重要的检疫性有害生物。介绍了该病菌的病原菌的侵染特点及为害症状、形态特征、培养性状,并推荐了几种适合口岸使用的检疫鉴定方法。并提供了香蕉果实上发现该病菌的照片。%Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht.f.sp.cubense(E.F.Sm.)Snyd.et Hans(Race 4)can result in a destroyed disease named Banana Fusarium wilt disease,which mainly infects banana,is a very important quarantine disease.The infection characteristics,harm symptom,morphological characteristics and cultivation characters of the pathogenic bacteria were introduced,several methods of quarantine and identify suitable for port were recommended,photos of the pathogenic bacteria on banana fruit were provided.

  19. Risk Identification and Its Application in Health Quarantine under the Visual Angel of Non-Traditional Security%非传统安全视角下的中国国境卫生检疫风险识别研究及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵振拴; 孙志; 裘炯良; 吴金彪; 夏建峰; 钱显明; 叶东辉; 厉梦; 余潇枫

    2014-01-01

    [目的]研究非传统安全视角下的中国国境卫生检疫风险识别与风险因素,为防控口岸公共卫生安全,健全国境卫生检疫安全屏障提供理论依据。[方法]应用非传统安全五大属性解析口岸公共卫生安全特征特点,应用文献溯源与比较分析的方法开展风险识别研究。[结果]共识别出国境卫生检疫范畴内可能造成口岸公共卫生危机的风险因素共四大类,分别包括传染病病原体、外来医学媒介生物、核生化恐怖因子和外来有毒有害物质等,以及其所可能带来的的经济下滑、社会不稳等次生危害,并构建出风险因素数据库,同时对国境卫生检疫未来面临风险进行预测预判。[结论]口岸公共卫生安全是非传统安全的核心内容之一,其风险因素的识别及应用将极大地提升我国国境卫生检疫把关与防控的科学性与有效性。%The risk identification, risk factors and their application in health quarantine under the visual angel of Non-Traditional Security (NTS) was explored to provide the theoretical foundation for the prevention and control of public health safety and for the safeguard buildings of health quarantine at Points of Entry. The characteristic of public health safety was analyzed according to the five attributes of NTS, and the methods of literature retrieving and comparison analysis were employed for the risk identification and investigation. The four categories of risk factors were identified for the health quarantine crisis, including pathogens of infectious diseases, invasion of foreign vectors, nuclear radiation and bioterrorism factors, and foreign poisonous and harmful substances. Economy downturn and social Instability were identified as secondary risk factors. The future crises of health quarantine were predicted. The public health safety is the core component in NTS and the risk identification and its application will greatly improve the

  20. 检疫性杂草假高粱与近缘植物种子的波谱鉴别方法%Seed identification between Sorghum halepense (a quarantine weed) and its closed species based on ultraviolet spectrum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小慧; 邹满钰; 印丽萍; 郭水良

    2015-01-01

    Summary Sorghum halepense ( L .) Pers is an important quarantine weed , which is native to the Mediterranean region , and now is considered as one of the ten worst weeds in the world . The species is mainly dispersed by seeds . Sorghum almum Parodi is also an important weed , and Sorghum bicolor ( L .) Moench and Sorghum sudanense ( Piper) Stapf are two cultivated plants . Due to their morphological similarity , it is difficult for entry‐exit inspection and quarantine departments to properly and quickly identify the seeds of S . halepense from those of its closed species . Therefore , how to identify the seeds of S . halepense from those of its congeneric species is urgently needed . In this paper , seeds from the above four species were extracted with petroleum ether to get their extractions , which were analysed by ultraviolet ( UV) spectrophotometer ( Unicam UV540) to get 200 UV absorbance data within 200 400 nm with 1 nm slit and at a scan rate of 0 .5 s . From these 200 absorbance data , the sensitive wavelengths whose absorbance data could be separated each other were firstly identified by SPSS 16 .0 using one‐way analysis of variance ( ANOVA ) . From these preliminarily‐selected sensitive wavelengths , more sensitive wavelengths with high information load were further identified by principal component analysis ( PCA) . With the absorbance data of these informative wavelength spectra in relation to four species , both cluster analysis and PCA were applied to produce a dendrogram and a two‐dimensional scatter plot , respectively . In order to verify the effect of the informative wavelengths which were selected by one‐way ANOVA and PCA , a spectrum chart , a dendrogram , a two‐dimensional scatter plot from PCA were directly produced on the basis of the absorbance data corresponding to the 200 wavelengths . According to the above procedures , sixty‐three wavelengths were preliminarily selected by using ANOVA . From these wavelengths , eighteen

  1. Irradiation of mangoes as a quarantine treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bustos R, M.E.; Enkerlin H, W.; Toledo A, J.; Reyes F, J.; Casimiro G, A

    1991-06-15

    This research project was conducted following guidelines of research protocols for post-harvest treatments developed by the United States Department of Agriculture CUSA. Laboratory bioassays included the irradiation of mangoes infested with third instar larvae of Anastrepha serpentina (Wied), A. ludens (Loew), A. obliqua (Macquart) and Ceratitis capitata (Wied) , at doses from 10 to 250 Gy. Irradiation doses were applied using a Co-60 AECL Model JS-7400 irradiator. The design was chosen to obtain a maximum to minimum ratio equal to, or less than, 1.025. C. capitata was the species most tolerant to irradiation. A dose of 60 Gy applied to third instar fruit fly larvae sterilized this species and prevented emergence of adults of the other three species. A dose of 250 Gy was required to prevent emergence of C. capitata. In fertility tests using emerged adults of A . Iudens, and A. obliqua a dose of 30 Gy gave 45 % and 27 % fertility, respectively. Adults of A. serpentina that emerged, died before reaching sexual maturity. The confirmatory tests, at probit-9 security level, were done at 100 Gy for the three species of Anastrepha and at 150 Gy for C. capitata. The quality of mangoes irradiated up to 1000 Gy was evaluated by chemical, physiological, and sensorial tests. The determination of vitamin C indicated that there was no loss of the nutritive value of the fruit. It also was observed that fruit metabolism was not accelerated since no significant increase in respiration or transpiration was registered and consumers accepted both treated and untreated fruit in the same way. (Author)

  2. 9 CFR 93.106 - Quarantine requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...-block curb. The double screening shall be of wire mesh or wire mesh and nylon mesh, as provided in..., with an interior screen of metal or nylon mesh that is impervious to biting insects such as gnats or mosquitos, and an exterior metal screen that is rodent-proof and is made of wire, such as rabbit wire...

  3. Environmental microbiology as related to planetary quarantine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflug, I. J.

    1972-01-01

    The experimental design of a study to evaluate the effect of different cleaning methods and storage conditions on the dry heat resistance of Bacillus subtilis var. niger spores is described and the results for the first evaluation are reported. Specifically, the synergistic effect which occurs when spores are subjected simultaneously to dry heat and gamma radiation so as to be able to specify thermoradiation sterilization cycles was investigated. Attempts were made to understand the underlying mechanism(s) that lead to spore death from this combination of stresses. Data cover: (1) the survival of spores on surfaces at various temperatures in a precisely controlled environmental system, (2) the rate of destruction of these spores at ambient temperature when subjected to gamma radiation, and (3) the rate of destruction of spores when they are subjected to combined gamma radiation and thermal stresses.

  4. Environmental microbiology as related to planetary quarantine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflug, I. J.

    1974-01-01

    Continued experimental work related to dry heat resistance of microorganisms. One phase of this research has been concerned with the viability and dry heat resistance of indigenous microflora associated with small soil particles. The second part of this report is an analysis of the present status of dry heat sterilization. An attempt is made to integrate results for both laboratory grown spores and spores in soil.

  5. Being subject to quarantine; Unter Quarantaene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ullrich, Sven

    2013-07-01

    The registration of imports of modules from the People's Republic of China has caused an uncertainty in Europe. The installers now adhere to the wholesalers in order to protect oneself from unpleasant surprises.

  6. 从非关税壁垒观点解读我国进口废物原料检验检疫工作%The Interpretation of Chinese Inspection and Quarantine Work Concerning Waste Raw Materials Import from the Viewpoints of Non-tariff Barriers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆强; 汪海涌

    2012-01-01

    本文从非关税壁垒的视角出发,全面解读了我国进口废物原料检验检疫体系。具体阐述了该体系所具有的技术性贸易壁垒,卫生与植物卫生措施,进口许可等三种形式的特点。%The paper makes an all-round interpretation of Chinese inspection and quarantine system of waste raw materials import at an angle of non-tariff barriers.It gives a detailed description of the system's characteristics of three forms: technical barriers to trade,sanitary and phytosanitary measures,and import licensing.

  7. 对从大洋洲进口牛的疱疹病毒Ⅰ型五种检疫方案的评估%Study on the Quarantine Requirements of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 for Cattle Importation from Oceania into China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国强; 张睿; 陈雷; 姜珊; 李静静; 周梅玲; 王凯民; 唐泰山

    2014-01-01

    Bovine herpesvirus type 1(BoHV-1)can cause infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and infectious pustular vulvovaginitis(IBR/IPV),the most common disease found in the cattle imported from Oceania into China. To prevent it more effectively,on the basis of analyzing the characteristics of the infection,its prevention and control measures,the epidemiology and prevention and control in Oceania,the current quarantine requirements of OIE and China,the risk of five quarantine requirements for cattle importation from Oceania into China was analyzed and it was proposed that“All the negative animals shall be vaccinated with an inactivated vaccine”in the current protocol should be amended as“All the negative animals shall be vaccinated with an inactivated gene deleted vaccine which can differentiating infected from vaccinated cattle.”%牛疱疹病毒Ⅰ型是引起牛传染性鼻气管炎和传染性脓疱性外阴阴道炎的病原,也是近十多年来我国从大洋洲大量进口奶牛以来,检出率最高的病原之一。为了更加有效地防范其传入,本文在分析其感染特点、防控措施、大洋洲流行特点、世界动物卫生组织和中国现行检疫要求的基础上,对中国从大洋洲进口牛时该病5种检疫方案进行了风险分析,提出了以接种能区分免疫和自然感染的基因缺失疫苗代替接种灭活疫苗为主要内容的检疫的新建议。

  8. Analysis of imported chikungunya fever cases detected at frontier ports of Guangdong Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau%广东出入境检验检疫局口岸输入性基孔肯雅热监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄鹂; 张显光; 张文; 邓荆; 林少佳; 吴惠明; 黄吉城; 戴俊; 潘德观

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析广东出入境检验检疫局口岸检出的输入性基孔肯雅热病例的监测情况,为输入性传染病防控工作提供参考依据.方法 以广东出入境检验检疫局口岸2008-2011年入境人员作为调查对象,对来自基孔肯雅热流行区的发热人员进行流行病学个案调查,判定染疫嫌疑的采集样本送检,对阳性病例资料和检出情况进行分析.结果 11例病例均来自基孔肯雅热流行区;均为输入性病例,其中9例入境时在发病,2例入境后医学观察期间发病;平均年龄40.2岁,以男性中青年为主;体温监测是主要检出手段;未发生二代病例.结论 广东出入境检验检疫局口岸防制基孔肯雅热的措施适当得力,能有效阻止基孔肯雅病毒通过口岸进行传播.%Objective To analyze the imported chikungunya fever cases detected at the frontier ports of Guangdong Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau and to provide a basis for control of imported infectious diseases.Methods Surveillance was conducted in the entry passengers at the frontier ports of Guangdong Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau from 2008 to 2011,and epidemiological investigation was carried out in the feverish passengers from the epidemic area of chikungunya fever.The blood samples of suspected cases were collected for laboratory test,and the information of positive cases were analyzed.Results Eleven cases of chikungunya fever,all from the epidemic area of chikungunya fever,were detected; of these imported cases,9 were in the period of disease while passing the frontier ports,and the other 2 were in incubation period and had an onset in the observation period after entry.The mean age of the 11 cases was 40.2 years; most of them were young and middle-aged males.The primary detection method was fever surveillance.There were no secondary cases.Conclusion Control measures against chikungunya fever are properly taken by Guangdong Entry-Exit Inspection and

  9. The Establishment and Research on Evaluation System for Core Competence and Technological Support Capability of International Travel and Healthcare Centers in Entry- Exit Inspection and Quarantine System%国际旅行卫生保健中心核心能力及技术支撑能力建设评价体系的建立与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦佳; 章琪; 杨柳; 李俊; 周启明; 韩晓辉; 方筠; 叶魏

    2015-01-01

    Objective] To establish the evaluation system for core competence and technological support capability of International Travel and Healthcare centers in Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine system based on current situation and problem-oriented research,in order to provide a guidance and orientation in capacity building practice. [Methods] A literature research was made for literatures and relevant docu-ments of National Ministry of health and General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ). An indicator system evaluation method was conducted from both theoretical and practical perspective according to the research result. Shanghai International Travel and Healthcare center was chosen as a sample. [Results] In accordance with the data,experiences and facts acquired,we es-tablished the evaluation system as target level,access level and indicator level. The case study showed that the core competence and technological support capability of Shanghai center was strong. But the in-formation management capability and public health emergency control ability should be enhanced. [Con-clusion] The evaluation system for core competence and technological support capability of International Travel and Healthcare centers has great practical significance and theory value,thus could play as a direc-tive role in the process of core competence and technology support ability construction.%[目的]对检验检疫系统国际旅行卫生保健中心的核心能力及技术支撑能力建设内涵及评价体系支持理论进行探索,建立与口岸卫生检疫技术保障要求相适应的评价体系。[方法]应用文献研究法分析国内外文献和上级部门印发的有关文件;根据分析结果,从理论和实践上阐述核心能力及技术支撑能力建设的具体内涵,构建其评价体系;搜集整理典型案例,应用案例研究法进行验证。[结果]经研究建立3个层次的指标体系,具体由目标层、

  10. 上海浦东南汇地区流动人口“三病”检疫10年监测分析%Analysis of monitoring of “quarantine of three diseases” among external floating population for a period of 10 years in Nanhui District, Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋海红

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解和分析上海南汇地区外来流动人员血吸虫病、疟疾、丝虫病检疫的现况,为今后的外来人员管理和监测工作提供对策.方法 采用免疫酶染技术及三联抗原片,对外来流动人员进行血吸虫免疫测定、疟疾血片免疫测定及疟原虫血检和丝虫免疫测定.结果 接受检疫的54 386名外来流动人员中,抗体总阳性率为0.69%,其中,血吸虫抗体阳性率为0.24%,疟疾阳性率为0.36%,丝虫阳性率为0.09%.结论 由于大量外来流动人员的涌入,导致血吸虫病、疟疾、丝虫病流行的危险因素依然存在,因而要加强对外来人员的监测,规范流动人口管理的条例和管理方法,以控制传染源.%Objectives To understand infectious status of schistosomiasis,malaria and filariasis in external floating population in Nanhui District of Shanghai. Methods The infectious status of schistosomiasis,malaria and fialrasis in external floating population was detected with immune enzyme staining,and immunoassay. Results Totally 54 386 people moved in from outside of Nanhui District were detected and the antibody positive rate was 0.69% ,being 0.24% for schistosoma,0.36% for plasmodium and 0.09% for filaria. Conclusion Due to influx of foreign travelers,there is the risk of prevalence of schistosomiasis,filariasis and malaria,thus the quarantine and monitoring of the three infective diseases should be strengthened.

  11. Quality Management System is an Effective Means to Improve Executive Ability of Government Sectors --Based on an Empirical Analysis of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine%质量管理体系与政府执行力建设——基于国家质检总局的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The improvement of executive ability of government sectors is the basic requirement for the construction of service - oriented government. Based on the core principle of "process approach" and "system management approach" of quality management system, government sectors can further clarify work flow ; enhance process control; enhance continuous improvement; improve the work mechanism of clear responsibilities, orderly coordination, unified standard, normative conduct and effective supervision; ensure that government orders are carried out effectively without failure; and improve management level and work quality, so as to improve the executive ability of government sectors systematically. The idea that" quality management system construction is an effective means to improve executive ability of government sectors" is proposed in this paper through theoretical research and analysis of current executive ability of government sectors. At the same time, the building method, operational process and assessment method for government sectors to improve the executive ability construction are established by the demonstration analysis of the construction and operation of quality management system and the improvement of executive ability in the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People' s Republic of China.%提升政府部门的执行力,是建设服务型政府的基本要求。本文通过政府部门执行力的现状分析和理论研究,提出“建设质量管理体系,是提高政府部门执行力的有效途径”的观点,并通过国家质检总局建立运行质量管理体系、有效提升执行力的实证分析,对政府部门提升执行力建设方法、运行过程和评价方法做出系统阐述。

  12. 7 CFR 301.75-4 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... regulated plant and regulated tree, except indoor houseplants and regulated plants and regulated trees at... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION... regulated fruit at the packing plant is treated in accordance with § 301.75-11(d) of this subpart...

  13. 7 CFR 319.28 - Notice of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., trapping for the citrus fruit fly (Bactrocera tsuneonis) must be conducted as prescribed by the Japanese... Texas. (6) The identity of the fruit shall be maintained in the following manner: (i) The...

  14. 9 CFR 93.324 - Detention for quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Piroplasmosis” and “Protocol for the Immuno-Diffusion (Coggins) Test for Equine Infectious Anemia” may be... qualify for such release, all horses while so detained shall test negative to an official test for dourine, glanders, equine piroplasmosis, equine infectious anemia, 19 and such other tests that may be required by...

  15. 7 CFR 319.37-7 - Postentry quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Oceania. Acer spp. (maple) All except Canada, Europe, and Japan. Actinidia spp. (Chinese gooseberry, kiwi... grow the article or increase therefrom, if an article of Humulus spp. (hops), a meristem culture of the... culture is established. After the 6-month observation, the meristem culture-generated plant must remain in...

  16. 7 CFR 319.19 - Notice of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... varieties of the subfamilies Aurantioideae, Rutoideae, and Toddalioideae of the botanical family Rutaceae is... the botanical family Rutaceae may be imported into the United States for experimental or scientific... varieties of the subfamilies Aurantioideae, Rutoideae, and Toddalioideae of the botanical family...

  17. 9 CFR 82.14 - Removal of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... cake. After the bin is capped off and covered, monitor the temperature in the compost pile daily, using... otherwise be brought into contact with, non-composted manure cake; (d) All eggs produced by birds or poultry... litter must be mixed so as to attain a carbon to nitrogen ratio of approximately 30:1, a moisture...

  18. 75 FR 81087 - Plum Pox Virus; Update of Quarantined Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... Ontario shoreline. (2) That area of Niagara County in the Town of Lewiston bordered on the west by Porter Center Road starting at its intersection with Route 104 (Ridge Road); then north-northeast on Porter... northeast on Indian Hill Road to Route 104 (Ridge Road); then east on Route 104 (Ridge Road) to Porter...

  19. Quarantine protects Falkland Islands (Malvinas) cats from feline coronavirus infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addie, Diane D; McDonald, Mike; Audhuy, Stéphane; Burr, Paul; Hollins, Jonathan; Kovacic, Rémi; Lutz, Hans; Luxton, Zoe; Mazar, Shlomit; Meli, Marina L

    2012-02-01

    Feline coronavirus (FCoV) causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Since 2002, when 20 cats on the Falkland Islands were found to be FCoV seronegative, only seronegative cats could be imported. Between 2005-2007, 95 pet and 10 feral cats tested negative by indirect immunofluorescence antibody (IFA) analysis using two strains of type II FCoV, two transmissible gastroenteritis virus assays, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and rapid immunomigration test. Twenty-four samples (23%) showed non-specific fluorescence, mostly attributable to anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA). The reason for ANA was unclear: reactive samples were negative for Erhlichia canis antibodies; seven were feline immunodeficiency virus positive, but 15 were negative. It was not possible to determine retrospectively whether the cats had autoimmune disease, hyperthyroidism treatment, or recent vaccination which may also cause ANA. The FCoV/ FIP-free status of the Falkland Islands cats should be maintained by FCoV testing incoming cats. However, ANA can complicate interpretation of IFA tests.

  20. Effect of irradiation as quarantine treatment on citrus fruit quality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betancurt, Pablo; Montalban, Antonio; Arcia, Patricia; Borthagaray, Maria D.; Curutchet, Ana; Pica, Leticia; Soria, Alejandra; Abreu, Anibal V., E-mail: irradiacion@latu.org.u, E-mail: lacam@latu.org.u [Laboratorio Tecnologico del Uruguay (LATU), Montevideo (Uruguay); Ares, M. Ines, E-mail: mares@mgap.gub.u [Ministerio de Ganaderia, Agricultura y Pesca (MGAP), Montevideo (Uruguay). Directoria General de Sanidad Vegetal (DGSV)

    2009-07-01

    Gamma radiations have been used to improve sanitation treatments without significant effects on fresh fruit quality. The objective of this work was to evaluate the fruit quality characteristics of citrus variety Valencia (Valencia Late), main variety produced and exported in Uruguay. All samples were stored at 3-5 deg C, 80% RH, for 20 and 40 days. Irradiation doses used were 0,35 kGy min. and 0,80 kGy max. (doses that also eliminate the fruit fly). Irradiation experiments were conducted using irradiation equipment from Atomic Center (CAE), year 1968, Co60 source, 800.000 Ci. The effects of irradiation on sensory qualities and physical characteristics were studied. The attributes evaluated were visual appearance (1- 4 hedonic scale, expert), overall acceptance (1-9 hedonic scale, consumers), texture (TAB Stevens, speed: 2m/s, distance: 2mm), yield of juice and colour (Hunter values). In general, no significant changes in these parameters were observed after irradiation. Quality was not significantly affected by doses usually applied to decrease the viability of pathogen that cause citrus Scab. This is an important contribution for the protocols that would allow citrus fruit exportation. (author)

  1. 7 CFR 301.50-3 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Morgan County. The entire county. Newton County. The entire county. Noble County. The entire county. Owen.... Herkimer County. The entire county. Jefferson County. The entire county. Lewis County. The entire...

  2. 7 CFR 318.47 - Notice of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders) and the cotton blister mite (Eriophyes gossypii Banks), insect pests new to..., meal, and other cottonseed products, except oil; cotton waste; and all other unmanufactured parts...

  3. 7 CFR 319.8 - Notice of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....), the flag smut disease (Urocystis tritici Koern.), and other injurious plant diseases and insect pests... United States of said plant diseases and insect pests, which are new to or not heretofore widely... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE...

  4. Model of epidemic control based on quarantine and message delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xingyuan; Zhao, Tianfang; Qin, Xiaomeng

    2016-09-01

    The model provides two novel strategies for the preventive control of epidemic diseases. One approach is related to the different isolating rates in latent period and invasion period. Experiments show that the increasing of isolating rates in invasion period, as long as over 0.5, contributes little to the preventing of epidemic; the improvement of isolation rate in latent period is key to control the disease spreading. Another is a specific mechanism of message delivering and forwarding. Information quality and information accumulating process are also considered there. Macroscopically, diseases are easy to control as long as the immune messages reach a certain quality. Individually, the accumulating messages bring people with certain immunity to the disease. Also, the model is performed on the classic complex networks like scale-free network and small-world network, and location-based social networks. Results show that the proposed measures demonstrate superior performance and significantly reduce the negative impact of epidemic disease.

  5. 76 FR 27219 - Plum Pox Virus; Update of Quarantined Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... Pennsylvania that are no longer necessary. DATES: Effective Date: May 11, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT... affect many Prunus (stone fruit) species, including plum, peach, apricot, almond, nectarine, and sweet and tart cherry. Infection eventually results in severely reduced fruit production, and the fruit...

  6. 7 CFR 319.69 - Notice of quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... chaff; from all countries. (2) Corn and allied plants (maize, sorghum, broomcorn, Sudan grass, napier grass, jobs-tears, teosinte, Polytoca, Sclerachne, Chionachne); all parts, from all countries except... chaff (such as oats, barley, and rye) from all countries, except rice straw, hulls, and chaff, which...

  7. Project environmental microbiology as related to planetary quarantine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflug, I. J.

    1974-01-01

    Microbiological analyses of soil particles allow for the following conclusions: (1) there is a considerable range in the values of aerobic, mesophilic microbial counts associated with different size soil fractions; (2) as soil particle size increases, there is an increase in the mean microbial concentration per particle; (3) plate counts of aerobic, mesophilic organisms in unheated soils yielded a mean concentration of about six organisms per particle for the smallest soil fraction; (4) aerobic, mesophilic counts for sonicated particles heated at 80 C for 20 minutes yielded mean values of about two organisms per particle for the smallest particles; (5) some actinomycetes associated with the soil fractions could survive dry heat treatment at 110 C for one hour; and (6) soil particles stored under ambient laboratory conditions for 2.5 years aerobic, mesophilic plate counts which were comparable or slightly greater than the counts for more recently collected soil.

  8. 75 FR 54592 - Pale Cyst Nematode; Update of Quarantined Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... INFORMATION: Background The pale cyst nematode (PCN, Globodera pallida) is a major pest of potato crops in... some weeds. The PCN is thought to have originated in Peru and is now widely distributed in many potato-growing regions of the world. PCN infestations may be expressed as patches of poor growth. Affected...

  9. 7 CFR 301.81-3 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 287 to Vervilla Road; then northeast on Vervilla Road to Swan Mill Road; then east on Swan Mill Road... County. The entire county. Jim Wells County. The entire county. Johnson County. The entire county. Jones...

  10. 76 FR 63891 - Foreign Quarantine; Etiological Agents, Hosts, and Vectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ...), viruses, fungi, or protozoa) or prion, whether naturally occurring, bioengineered, or artificial, or a... and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance... belief in the importance of including a requirement that importers are subject to an inspection to verify...

  11. 7 CFR 301.51-3 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... River to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard; then east on Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and across the... Federal Register citations affecting § 301.51-3, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears...

  12. 7 CFR 371.3 - Plant protection and quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Regulating the field release into the environment, interstate movement, and importation of genetically modified organisms. (7) Serving as a member of the North American Plant Protection Organization...

  13. Utilisation of gamma radiation of Cobalt-60 as quarantine treatment of medicinal plant, aromatic and seasoning plants dehydrated infested by Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius, 1792) (Coleoptera, Anobiidae) and Plodia interpunctella (Hubner, 1813) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae); Utilizacao da radiacao gama do Cobalto-60 como tratamento quarentenario de plantas medicinais, aromaticas e condimentares desidratadas infestadas por Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius, 1792) (Coleoptera, Anobiidae) e Plodia interpunctella (Hubner, 1813) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alves, Juliana Nazare

    2007-07-01

    The research had as objective the use of the gamma radiation of the Cobalto-60 as quarantine treatment of the medicinal plant, aromatic and seasoning plants dehydrated infested by Lasioderma serricorne and Plodia interpunctella determining the disinfestation doses to attend the criterion in the not emergency of adults of the species in study and analysing through the Chromatography of Thin Layer the effect of the gamma radiation of the cobalto-60 on the active principle of extract dehydrated of Chamomilla recutita, Pimpinella anisum, Origanum vulgare, Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum basilicum and Thymus vulgaris. The work was developed in the Laboratorio de Inseticidas in the Instituto Biologico in Sao Paulo in the period of August of 2005 the June of 2007. The radiation source used gamma was an experimental irradiator of Cobalto-60, model Gamacell 220, located in the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares - IPEN, located in Sao Paulo. In the period of 30 days after the irradiation of the samples evaluated the number of adults emerged of Lasioderma serricorne and Plodia interpunctella, using the data of mortality for the analysis of Probit. Obtained 100% of not emergency of adults in the Lasioderma serricorne with the dose of 2,00 kGy and 100% of not emergency of adults in the Plodia interpunctella with the dose of 2,25 kGy. The Chromatographic Analysis of Thin Layer was to evaluate did not show chemical differences in the extracts analysed. (author)

  14. Qualidade do mamão cv. Solo submetido ao choque térmico e tratamento quarentenário por radiação gama Quality of papaya cv. Solo submitted to heat shock and quarantine treatment by gamma radiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Meirelles de Azevedo Pimentel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Para se exportar, é necessário não só atingir padrões de qualidade exigidos pelo país importador, mas também padrões fitossanitários. A irradiação tem como principal função o controle quarentenário de moscas-das-frutas, portanto é necessário que se associe a tratamentos que visem à manutenção da qualidade do fruto. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade dos mamões submetidos à imersão em água quente seguidos de irradiação em doses de tratamento quarentenário. Os mamões verdes selecionados foram submetidos aos seguintes tratamentos: a controle; b 250 Gy; c 500 Gy; d choque térmico (60º C por 30 segundos; e 250 Gy + choque térmico, e f 500 Gy + choque térmico. Os mamões foram armazenados a 21±1ºC e umidade relativa de 85-90%, e, após 8 dias, foram avaliados quanto ao teor de sólidos solúveis, pH, acidez titulável, firmeza, índice de doenças e coloração interna. As análises de perda de massa e coloração externa foram realizadas a 0; 2; 4 e 7 dias após a irradiação. Foi observado nos frutos submetidos a choque térmico (d, e, f quantidade menor de sintomas de antracnose e podridão peduncular e, nos tratamentos combinados (e, f, foi verificada manutenção da firmeza do mamão. Somente no segundo dia os frutos irradiados (b, c, e, f estavam mais amarelados que os demais. Para os demais parâmetros avaliados, não houve diferença entre os tratamentos.To export, it is not only necessary to achieve quality standards, but also, phytosanitary standards. The main function of irradiation is quarantine control of fruit flies, therefore it is necessary to combine with treatments which focus at keeping fruit quality. The objective of this work was the evaluation of the quality of papaya submitted to irradiation and heat shock treatment through immersion in hot water. Green papayas selected were submitted in the following treatments: a control, b 250 Gy, c 500 Gy; d heat shock (60ºC for 30 seconds, e

  15. 75 FR 81832 - Asian Longhorned Beetle; Quarantined Area and Regulated Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... wounds and sawdust accumulation at tree bases. They feed on, and over-winter in, the interiors of trees... native to China, Japan, Korea, and the Isle of Hainan, is a destructive pest of hardwood trees. It attacks many healthy hardwood trees, including maple, horse chestnut, birch, poplar, willow, and elm....

  16. 76 FR 52541 - Asian Longhorned Beetle; Quarantined Areas and Regulated Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... wounds and sawdust accumulation at the tree base, eventually killing the tree. They feed on, and over... and trunks of trees. After emerging, adult beetles feed for 10 to 15 days and then mate. Adult females... and Korea is a destructive pest of hardwood trees. It attacks many healthy hardwood trees,...

  17. 7 CFR 301.80 - Quarantine; restriction on interstate movement of specified regulated articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... kind. (10) Seed cotton and gin trash. (11) Stumpwood. (12) Long green cucumbers, cantaloupes, peppers, squash, tomatoes, and watermelons, except those from which all soil has been removed. (13) Pickling cucumbers, string beans, and field peas. (14) Cabbage, except firm heads with loose outer leaves...

  18. Mapping Sulfuryl Fluoride Quarantine Control of Amyelois transitella Using Multivariate Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    The navel orange worm (NOW), Amyelois transitella, is a cosmopolitan pest in California that is a concern to countries that import inshell nuts, particularly walnuts. Sulfuryl fluoride is currently being used to control NOW populations on walnuts, however, the conditions required to achieve requisit...

  19. 78 FR 7674 - Foreign Quarantine; Import Regulations for Infectious Biological Agents, Infectious Substances...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ...'' means ``use in the teaching of a defined educational program at the university level or equivalent... and transportation requirements, and to describe an appeal process. The proposed rule provided a 60..., research facilities, exhibition facilities, and educational facilities. II. Statutory Authority This...

  20. Comparison of quarantine treatments on skin and pulp color of mangoes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz, Juliana Nunes da; Caruso, Marcel Wilke; Sabato, Susy Frey, E-mail: juliananc@ig.com.b, E-mail: macaruso_98@hotmail.co, E-mail: sfsabato@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The mango (Mangifera indica L.) has shown the highest growth rates among the fruit exported by Brazil. This exportation implies specific treatments to attend phytosanitary requirements to attend USA and Europe market. Among them there are thermal treatments (hot water dip or vapor treatment) or irradiation witch it has ability to promote disinfestations and delaying the ripening of the mango. The main objective of this paper was to report the color behavior among treatments covering irradiation alone, thermal treatment combined with irradiation and control. The mangoes were irradiated in a Multipurpose Gamma Source from the Radiation Technology Center, CTR, of IPEN/CNEN-SP and divided in four groups - the control (C) , dose 0,75 KGy (I), dose 0,75 KGy with hot water dip (46 deg C during 70 min) (2A) and dose 0,75KGy with hot water dip (52 deg C during 5 min) (2B). All fruits were stored at 11 deg C in acclimatized chamber during 14 days, after this period the fruits were kept at environmental conditions (25 deg C) during more 14 days. The results showed that the group 2A had the color of the skin delayed by treatment, not reaching stage 4 on the 26th. This group showed significant difference compared to groups C (p <= 0.05) however there was no difference among the others groups (2B and I). In general, these results indicate that the group 2A showed satisfactory results, concluding that combined treatment was beneficial for the mango, prolonging the process of development of its color. (author)

  1. 77 FR 59709 - Citrus Greening and Asian Citrus Psyllid; Quarantine and Interstate Movement Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ...: Effective October 31, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Program... Huanglongbing disease of citrus by the international taxonomic community. We are amending the definition to... issued under Sec. 204, Title II, Public Law 106-113, 113 Stat. 1501A-293; sections 301.75-15 and...

  2. Gamma irradiation used on adult Tetranychus urticae Koch as a quarantine treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osouli Shiva

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The effect of gamma radiation with 0, 200, 250, 300, 350, 400, and 450 Gy intensities on the longevity, total number of eggs, and the percent of hatched eggs laid by irradiated females of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Tetranychidae was evaluated. Two different groups (0–24 h old and 48–72 h old of adult females were irradiated. The results showed that 350 and 300 Gy doses significantly reduced the longevity of the 0–24 h old females and the 48–72 h old females. The younger females were more tolerant at lower dose rates than the older females. There was a quadratic relationship between dose rates and young females, while it was linear in older females. The total number of eggs laid by females of both ages was significantly reduced with a linear trend by 250 Gy irradiation. The eggs laid by females of both the 0–24 h olds and the 48–72 h olds lost their hatchability when the dose rate was 350 Gy. It was concluded, that applying a dose rate of 320 Gy on one of the mates (male or female before mating, or a 300 Gy on both of them, would be sufficient to cause sterility in adult mites.

  3. Risk assessment: progress of quarantine biocontrol research on Chinese Tallow, Melaleuca, and Downy Rose Myrtle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risk assessments of two biocontrol candidates for Chinese tallow, Triadica sebifera (Euphoriales: Euphorbiaceae), and one for Melaleuca, Melaleuca quinquenervia (Myrtales: Myrtaceae), were conducted during 2009 and continuing into 2010 by USDA scientists located at the Florida Department of Agricul...

  4. 9 CFR 93.213 - Appearance of disease among poultry in quarantine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appearance of disease among poultry in..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY...

  5. 76 FR 5679 - Emerald Ash Borer; Addition of Quarantined Areas in Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, New York...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... planipennis) is a destructive wood-boring insect that attacks ash trees (Fraxinus spp., including green ash.... Ash trees are valuable to the commercial timber industry and are commonly planted in urban areas. In... nurseries, timber operations, and landscaping. These potential economic impacts would likely be much...

  6. A review of pest surveillance techniques for detecting quarantine pests in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Augustin, S.; Boonham, N.; Kogel, de W.J.; Donner, P.; Faccoli, M.; Lees, D.C.; Marini, L.; Mori, N.; Petrucco Toffolo, E.; Quilici, S.; Roques, A.; Yart, A.; Battisti, A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides reviews of the most commonly used methods to detect plant pests belonging to groups of invasive organisms with high economic relevance, including Coleoptera (bark beetles, flathead borers, leaf beetles, longhorn beetles, weevils), Diptera (cone and seed flies, fruit flies), Homop

  7. Environmental microbiology as related to planetary quarantine. [synergetic effect of heat and radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflug, I. J.

    1973-01-01

    The mechanistic basis of the synergetic effect of combined heat and radiation on microbial destruction was analyzed and results show that radiation intensity, temperature, and relative humidity are the determining factors. Dry heat resistance evaluation for selected bacterial spore crops indicates that different strains of Bacillus stearothermophilus demonstrate marked differences in resistance. Preliminary work to determine the effects of storage time, suspending medium, storage temperature and spore crop cleaning procedures on dry heat survival characteristics of Bacillus subtilis var. Niger, and dry heat resistance of natural microflora in soil particles is also reported.

  8. Services provided in support of the planetary quarantine requirements of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favero, M. S.

    1972-01-01

    Heat studies with the highly resistant bacterial spore isolated from Cape Kennedy soil were continued, and the D130C was determined. The interior surfaces of the command module of the Apollo 17 spacecraft were studied for microbial contamination during assembly and testing. The thermal resistance of naturally occurring airborne bacterial spores was determined, using the heating times of 2, 4, 6, and 8 hr. at 125 C. The evaluation of a terminal sterilization process for unmanned lander spacecraft is also continuing.

  9. Environmental microbiology as related to planetary quarantine. [water activity and temperature effects on bacterial spore survival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflug, I. J.

    1972-01-01

    The survival of Bacillus subtilis var. niger spores suspended in solutions of sucrose and glycerol at calculated water activities and varying temperatures was studied. The overall results indicated that as the water activity of the liquid decreased from .99 to .85, the heat resistance of the spores increased. The nature of the substance controlling the water activity, and the history of the spores prior to treatment also had an affect on their heat resistance.

  10. The influence of package and gamma radiation in the quarantine treatment of Sitophilus Orizae in rice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Modolo, Debora M.; Oliveira, Ana Claudia S.; Silva, Lucia C.A.S.; Arthur, Valter; Harder, Marcia N.C.; Arthur, Paula B.; Lima, Roberta B., E-mail: arthur@cena.usp.b [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Radiobiologia e Ambiente

    2009-07-01

    There are a variety of insect and pests that damage stored grains, therefore, the need for better conservation with advanced technology, high efficiency, absence of side effects, irradiation has been used as an alternative method to control these insects, being completely the opposite the chemical treatment, which leaves waste and is not always efficient enough. This study has the objective to use the gamma radiation from Cobalt-60 for the control of Sitophilus oryzae, in plastic package with previously infested rice and artificially reinfested. In this research was used 3 types of samples: 'Prato Fino' rice's package, crystal sugar's package and 'Namorado' rice's package. It were packages (bags) of 10x5cm for each type of sample, containing holes for gases exchange. Each pack contained 20g of wholemeal rice and 10 adult insects of the species S. oryzae. The samples were irradiated with dose of 1 kGy to make disinfestations under a dose rate of 0.560 Gy/hour and more the non-irradiated sample (control). After irradiation the bags were placed in a glass bottle with the volume of 3 liters and it were added 300 adult insects in the same bottle to induce reinfestation. This container was closed and after 60 days was calculated the number of living and dead insects existing in each package. The experiment was developed in a room with temperature 25 +- 5 deg C and relative humidity of 60 +- 5%. With the results obtained, it was concluded that the packages containing holes for gases exchange from inside to outside of the package showed more ease of penetration of insects, while the two packages without holes prevented the reinfestation of insects. The dose of 1 kGy was sufficient to induce disinfestations of rice. (author)

  11. 40 CFR 166.20 - Application for a specific, quarantine, or public health exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... application shall address the potential risks to human health, endangered or threatened species, beneficial... discussion of the anticipated risks to endangered or threatened species, beneficial organisms, or the... the means of its introduction or spread if known; and (3) The anticipated impact of not...

  12. 9 CFR 93.410 - Movement from conveyances to quarantine station.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY... used shall be either cars reserved for this exclusive use or box cars not otherwise employed in the...

  13. 9 CFR 93.509 - Movement from conveyances to quarantine station.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY... reserved for this exclusive use or box cars not otherwise employed in the transportation of swine or their...

  14. 77 FR 31720 - Asian Longhorned Beetle; Quarantined Areas in Massachusetts, Ohio, and New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    ... ALB infestation was discovered in the central portion of Shrewsbury in Worcester County, MA. On June... these criteria and the recent ALB findings described above, we are adding the Town of Shrewsbury in..., West Boylston, Boylston, Auburn, and Shrewsbury that is bounded by a line starting at the...

  15. Effects of 1-methylcyclopropene and hot water quarantine treatment on quality of "Keitt" mangos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngamchuachit, Panita; Barrett, Diane M; Mitcham, Elizabeth J

    2014-04-01

    The optimal 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment to slow ripening of whole "Keitt" mangos, either alone or in combination with hot water treatment (HWT) (prior to or post 1-MCP) was identified. USDA-APHIS mandates that HWT can be used for control of fruit flies, but this may affect fruit response to 1-MCP. Mangos were evaluated by repeated measurement of nondestructive firmness, peel color, and ethylene production on the same mango fruits during 2 wk of ripening at 20 °C after treatment. The magnitude of ethylene production increased as a result of both 1-MCP and HWT. With softer mangos (65 N), treatment with 1-MCP alone delayed fruit softening and extended the number of days to full-ripeness (25 N) from 5 d in untreated fruit to 11 d. For these riper fruit, application of 1-MCP prior to HWT extended the days to full-ripeness to 9 d compared with 7 d when 1-MCP was applied after HWT. With firmer mangos (80 N), 1-MCP treatments alone prolonged the days to full-ripeness to 13 d as compared to 11 d for the untreated fruit. There was no significant concentration effect on firmness retention among 1-MCP treatments (0.5, 1.0, or 10.0 μL/L). HWT resulted in a faster rate of fruit softening, taking only 7 d to reach full-ripeness. Combining 1-MCP with HWT reduced the rate of softening compared to HWT alone, resulting in 9 to 11 d to full-ripeness. Application of 1-MCP before HWT showed a greater ability to reduce the rate of fruit softening compared with 1-MCP treatment after HWT.

  16. [Health sites and controlled spaces. A morphological study of quarantine architecture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonastra, Quim

    2010-01-01

    Taking as a chronological field the period between the black plague pandemic and the beginning of the bacteriological era in Europe, the Mediterranean and North America and other areas, this article addresses the morphology of lazarets as a whole, taking account of the different traditions and knowledge that influenced their configuration.

  17. Results of the EU Project QBOL, Focusing on DNA Barcoding of Quarantine Organisms, Added to an International Database (Q-Bank) on Identification of Plant Quarantine Pathogens and Relatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonants, P.J.M.

    2014-01-01

    The rate of introduction and establishment of damaging plant pests and diseases has increased steadily over the last century as a result of expanding globalisation of trade in plant material, climate change, EU expansion, and by a recognised decline in the resources supporting plant health activitie

  18. 9 CFR 82.5 - Interstate movement of live birds and live poultry from a quarantined area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DIS- EASE (END) AND CHLAMYDIOSIS Exotic Newcastle Disease... indicate that the birds are not infected with any communicable disease. (i) Pet birds that have been...

  19. Citrus quarantine, sanitary and certification programs in the USA. Prevention of introduction and distribution of citrus diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Citrus germplasm originated in Australasia, the Far East, and Africa, thus all citrus grown in the New World was imported. This importation of citrus also resulted in importation of graft transmissible pathogens of citrus, many of which are latent in their original host but can cause epidemics of t...

  20. 7 CFR 305.32 - Irradiation treatment of regulated fruit to be moved interstate from areas quarantined for fruit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... barrier such as a wall or chain link fence 6 or more feet high to prevent transfer of cartons; (3... fruit flies into the fruit in the carton. 7 7 See footnote 3 of this subpart. (2) The pallet-load of... of the pallet load is constrained by a metal or plastic strap. (3) Packaging must be labeled...

  1. 检疫性杂草硬雀麦(Bromus rigidus Roth)%THE QUARANTINE WEED BROMUS RIGIDUS ROTH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琼霞; 黄可辉

    2010-01-01

    本文从检疫性杂草硬雀麦的分布、危害及其生物学特性进行概述,对其植株、花、果、种子的形态特征进行研究与分析,为口岸提供快速、准确的检疫鉴定,提高疫情检出率,及为有效地防止其传入、传播和危害提供资料依据.

  2. Quarantine treatment against mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann) in mangoes haden variety (Mangifera indica) with gamma irradiation (Co 60)

    OpenAIRE

    Peña C., María E.; Laboratorio de Bromatología Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.; Guillen E., Rafael; Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria - SENASA.; Arias A., Gladys C.; Laboratorio de Bromatología Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.

    2014-01-01

    Tephritidae fruit flies are among the most damaging pests of fruit crops worldwide Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann, for instance, can infest more than 250 fruit and vegetable crop species, and constitutes the main phytosanitary restrict for export purposes. The investigation was carried out in a SENASA’s Production Center of Sterile Fruit Flies and PIMU’s laboratory; it was supervised by an OIEA’s irradiation expert. This research comprised two stages: 1) Determine the minimum irradiation dose t...

  3. 77 FR 50982 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Foreign Quarantine Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ...Detail ;D=APHIS-2012-0062-0001. Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to Docket No. APHIS... plants, fruits, vegetables, roots, bulbs, seeds, unmanufactured wood articles, and other plant products..., mechanical, and other collection technologies; e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Estimate...

  4. Investigation of food irradiation technology for application to plant quarantine. Working group report of food irradiation technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sunaga, Hiromi; Ito, Hitoshi; Takatani, Yasuyuki; Takizawa, Haruki; Yotsumoto, Keiichi; Tanaka, Ryuichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Takasaki, Gunma (Japan). Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment; Hirano, Tsuyoshi; Tokunaga, Okihiro

    1999-06-01

    The commercialization of food irradiation in Japan was started in 1973 for the sprout inhibition of potatoes as the first successful food irradiation facility in the world. Since approval of potato irradiation, no items has been commercialized in Japan. However, international agreement for phase out of methyl bromide after 2005 and increasing incidences of foodborn diseases such as by Escherichia coli O157:H7 are forcing to have interesting to food irradiation. Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment has long experiences on research of irradiation effect and engineering of food irradiation in Japan. From these back ground, working group of food irradiation was organized at August 1997 by some members of Department of Radiation Research for Environment and Resources and Advanced Technology Center for supporting technically on commercialization of food irradiation. This report presents the result of discussion in working group on generalization up to date researches of food irradiation, application fields and items, technical problems and future prospects of this technology in Japan. (author)

  5. Green analytical chemitry and inspection and quarantine%绿色分析化学与检验检疫

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文科; 张睿; 贾茹

    2004-01-01

    绿色化学是当今国际化学科学研究的前沿,受到广泛的关注.绿色分析化学是把绿色化学的原理使用在新的分析方法和技术的设计方面;旨在减轻分析化学对环境的影响.从绿色分析化学的特点、与检验检疫工作的关系等方面作了论述,阐明了绿色分析化学也是检验检疫技术今后发展的趋势.

  6. 丹麦出境种猪的检疫%Quarantine Proceedures of Pigs for Exportation in Denmark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘力军; 范炜; 王健诚

    2004-01-01

    丹麦地处北欧,农业非常发达。动物及其产品的出口在国民经济中占有非常重要的地位。丹麦是世界上最大的猪肉出口国,占世界猪肉出口总额的23%。近几年来我国从丹麦大量引进了高品质的种猪,改善了我国生猪的生产性能。为便于有关企业和检疫人员了解丹麦种猪出境的检疫情况,兹将丹麦的动物卫生法律、动物检疫机构及有关种猪出境检疫作一介绍。

  7. Isolation and quarantine during pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in NSW: the operational experience of public health units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binns, Philippa L; Sheppeard, Vicky; Staff, Michael P

    2010-01-01

    During the DELAY and CONTAIN phases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in NSW, public health units needed to rapidly surge operations to manage the 3070 potential cases and 1894 contacts notified to them. The Incident Control System, NetEpi (the web-based multi-user access database), training to up-skill surge staff, and electronic communication were all integral to the outbreak response. Ongoing identification and training of surge staff would assist a timely and effective response to future large scale outbreaks. Investing and incorporating information technology tools into routine public health unit business to assist with communication, outbreak management and reporting will improve familiarity and capability within the network to respond to public health emergencies.

  8. 7 CFR 301.32-6 - Compliance agreements and cancellation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruit Flies § 301.32-6... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Emergency and...

  9. Gamma radiation use as a quarantine treatment alternative for cut flowers; Uso da radiacao gama como alternativa de tratamento quarentenario de flores cortadas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kikichi, Olivia Kimiko [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1999-11-01

    Methyl bromide is a broad spectrum pesticide to control insects, nematodes, weeds, pathogens and rodents It is effective to commodity treatment designed for exportation/importation, but is also toxic for human being. Besides, it is an ozone layer depleting substance and many countries are interested in finding other less damaging alternatives. The methyl bromide shall be banned until 2015 and one promising alternative is the radiation. It can be effective for some vegetables, like fresh cut flowers. The tolerance to gamma radiation was observed in some cut flowers. Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae), Gypsophyla (Caryophyllaceae), Gomphrena (Amarantaceae), Celosia (Amarantaceae) and Narcissus (Amaryllidaceae) were tolerant to 750 Gy. Heliconia and Strelitzia (Musaceae) were not tolerant, presenting a severe browning of the colored sepals. Anthurium (Araceae) was also sensitive to 750 Gy, presenting browning of the spike, discoloration and black spots on the sepals. The radiation inhibited the bud opening of Hemerocallis (Liliaceae) and Gladiolus (Iridaceae). Gerbera (Compositae) and Callistemon (Myrtaceae) wilted before the control flowers. Helianthus (Compositae) leaves wilted before the flowers because of the radiation. (author) 7 refs., 2 tabs.; e-mail: okikuchi at net.ipen.br

  10. First record of the Australian guava moth Coscinoptycha improbana Meyrick (Lepidoptera : Carposinidae) in New Caledonia : implication for quarantine and biosecurity surveys in insular territories

    OpenAIRE

    Mille, C; Munzinger, Jérôme; Jourdan, Hervé

    2012-01-01

    We recorded the Australian guava moth for the first time in New Caledonia. Given its biology and recent spread into New Zealand, this moth may be a pest risk for many fruit crops and native plant species if it is proved to have been introduced in New Caledonia. Indeed, this record challenges our capabilities to identify insect interceptions in the context of a high gap of taxonomic knowledge in New Caledonia. It also urges high endemism islands to implement early detection protocols to preven...

  11. A quarantine disease-wheat take-all disease%检疫性病害——小麦全蚀病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海旺; 李国利; 张艳红

    2008-01-01

    2008年5月,在天津蓟县部分乡镇发现小麦全蚀病(Gaeumannomyces graminis,Sacc.),该病是多个省市的补充检疫性有害生物.该县发病面积20 hm2,辐射小麦面积1 000 hm2,产量损失率为20%~50%.近10年,此病在天津未见报道,本文对其在蓟县的发生情况开展了调查研究,提出了防治措施.

  12. Identification of the genes involved in odorant reception and detection in the palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, an important quarantine pest, by antennal transcriptome analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Antony, Binu

    2016-01-22

    Background The Red Palm Weevil (RPW) Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Oliver) is one of the most damaging invasive insect species in the world. This weevil is highly specialized to thrive in adverse desert climates, and it causes major economic losses due to its effects on palm trees around the world. RPWs locate palm trees by means of plant volatile cues and use an aggregation pheromone to coordinate a mass-attack. Here we report on the high throughput sequencing of the RPW antennal transcriptome and present a description of the highly expressed chemosensory gene families. Results Deep sequencing and assembly of the RPW antennal transcriptome yielded 35,667 transcripts with an average length of 857 bp and identified a large number of highly expressed transcripts of odorant binding proteins (OBPs), chemosensory proteins (CSPs), odorant receptors/co-receptors (ORs/Orcos), sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs), gustatory receptors (GRs) and ionotropic receptors (IRs). In total, 38 OBPs, 12 CSPs, 76 ORs, 1 Orco, 6 SNMPs, 15 GRs and 10 IRs were annotated in the R. ferrugineus antennal transcriptome. A comparative transcriptome analysis with the bark beetle showed that 25 % of the blast hits were unique to R. ferrugineus, indicating a higher, more complete transcript coverage for R. ferrugineus. We categorized the RPW ORs into seven subfamilies of coleopteran ORs and predicted two new subfamilies of ORs. The OR protein sequences were compared with those of the flour beetle, the cerambycid beetle and the bark beetle, and we identified coleopteran-specific, highly conserved ORs as well as unique ORs that are putatively involved in RPW aggregation pheromone detection. We identified 26 Minus-C OBPs and 8 Plus-C OBPs and grouped R. ferrugineus OBPs into different OBP-subfamilies according to phylogeny, which indicated significant species-specific expansion and divergence in R. ferrugineus. We also identified a diverse family of CSP proteins, as well as a coleopteran-specific CSP lineage that diverged from Diptera and Lepidoptera. We identified several extremely diverged IR orthologues as well as highly conserved insect IR co-receptor orthologous transcripts in R. ferrugineus. Notably, GR orthologous transcripts for CO2-sensing and sweet tastants were identified in R. ferrugineus, and we found a great diversity of GRs within the coleopteran family. With respect to SNMP-1 and SNMP-2 orthologous transcripts, one SNMP-1 orthologue was found to be strikingly highly expressed in the R. ferrugineus antennal transcriptome. Conclusion Our study presents the first comprehensive catalogue of olfactory gene families involved in pheromone and general odorant detection in R. ferrugineus, which are potential novel targets for pest control strategies.

  13. Study on the quarantine fumigation technology of Phytophthora sojae%大豆疫霉检疫熏蒸处理技术初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽; 刘涛; 张凡华; 任放; 王跃进

    2013-01-01

    Soybean Phytophthora root rot (PPR) that cause by Phytophthora sojae is one of the most serious diseases in the main soybean production area all over the world. In this manuscript, we analyzed the fungitoxicity of methyl bromide, propylene oxide, methyl iodide and carbonyl sulfide, their influences on the quality of soybean were also determined. Our results confirmed the efficacy of the four fumigants against Phytophthora sojae, their EC99 values were methyl bromide 21.24mg/L, propylene oxide 33.21 mg/L, methyl iodide 4.64 mg/L and carbonyl sulfide 46. 73mg/L for 24h fumigation at 20℃. Moreover, quality analysis results showed that there were not significant differences between untreated and treated soybeans after 30d storage, indicating that fumigation with tested fumigants would be the candidates for control of Phytophthora sojae, especially methyl iodide.%大豆疫霉根腐病(Soybean Phytophthora root rot,简称PPR)由大豆疫霉(Phytophthora sojae Kaufmann&Gerdemann)引发,在世界大豆主产区广泛发生,危害严重.为有效防控大豆疫霉根腐病跨境传播,本文测定了溴甲烷、环氧丙烷、碘甲烷和氧硫化碳4种熏蒸剂对大豆疫霉的毒力及其致死剂量对大豆品质的影响.结果表明,20℃下,4种熏蒸剂均有一定杀菌效果,熏蒸24h的EC99分别为:溴甲烷21.24mg/L、环氧丙烷33.21 mg/L、碘甲烷4.64 mg/L、氧硫化碳46.73 mg/L.大豆品质测定结果表明,致死剂量的4种熏蒸剂熏蒸后,大豆粗脂肪、粗蛋白等等主要品质指标无显著变化.本研究为进境大豆携带大豆疫霉的检疫处理提供了候选技术,碘甲烷在带菌大豆检疫处理中的应用前景值得关注.

  14. ITS Analysis of Quarantine Insect Opogona sacchari (Lepidoptera: Hieroxestidae) from Different Hosts%不同寄主上的蔗扁蛾ITS分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈杰; 高其康; 沈幼莲; 楼兵干

    2006-01-01

    蔗扁蛾(Opogona sacchari),隶属鳞翅目(Lepidoptera)辉蛾科(Hiemxestidae)扁蛾属(蛳眦)(杨集昆等,1997),是近年来从境外传人我国的一种重要林业危险性有害生物(程桂芳等,1997)。该虫寄主广泛,据资料报道(商晗武等,2003),目前已发现寄主植物28科87种8变种,其中,国外报道24科6种4变种,国内14科55种2变种,

  15. 热带平刺粉蚧的检疫鉴定%Quarantine and morphological identification of Rastrococcus tropicasiaticus Williams (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奚国华; 梁琨; 刘军义; 钟勇; 庞茹文; 李惠萍

    2016-01-01

    [目的]明确热带平刺粉蚧Rastrococcus tropicasiaticus Williams的鉴别特征,建立平刺粉蚧属种类检索表.[方法]随机抽样、形态学观察和测量.[结果]从进口越南龙眼鲜果中截获热带平刺粉蚧,头胸部腹面多格腺以单排排列,体背面大五格腺少是其识别的主要形态学特征;编制了平刺粉蚧属16种检索表.[结论]热带平刺粉蚧为我国口岸首次检出,研究结果为进口水果中该类粉蚧的检疫鉴定提供了重要的参考资料.

  16. Sequence-modified primers for the differential RT-PCR detection of Andean potato latent and Andean potato mild mosaic viruses in quarantine tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, Renate; Ziebell, Heiko

    2014-05-01

    To enable the differential PCR detection of Andean potato latent virus (APLV) and Andean potato mild mosaic virus (APMMV) strains, sense primers were designed that correspond to regions directly upstream of the coat protein genes. Their differentiating power was increased by A->C or T->C replacements in their 3'-terminal parts. Together with the broad-specificity antisense primer EM3, primer AL-a-mod3C detected all APLV strains tested, but none of the APMMV strains. Primer AM-a-mod4C yielded PCR products with all APMMV preparations, but also with some APLV preparations. Sequence analysis revealed that this was not due to a lack of primer specificity, but to the sensitive detection of contaminating APMMV in some of our APLV preparations.

  17. Supplementary Material for: Identification of the genes involved in odorant reception and detection in the palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, an important quarantine pest, by antennal transcriptome analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Antony, Binu

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background The Red Palm Weevil (RPW) Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Oliver) is one of the most damaging invasive insect species in the world. This weevil is highly specialized to thrive in adverse desert climates, and it causes major economic losses due to its effects on palm trees around the world. RPWs locate palm trees by means of plant volatile cues and use an aggregation pheromone to coordinate a mass-attack. Here we report on the high throughput sequencing of the RPW antennal transcriptome and present a description of the highly expressed chemosensory gene families. Results Deep sequencing and assembly of the RPW antennal transcriptome yielded 35,667 transcripts with an average length of 857 bp and identified a large number of highly expressed transcripts of odorant binding proteins (OBPs), chemosensory proteins (CSPs), odorant receptors/co-receptors (ORs/Orcos), sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs), gustatory receptors (GRs) and ionotropic receptors (IRs). In total, 38 OBPs, 12 CSPs, 76 ORs, 1 Orco, 6 SNMPs, 15 GRs and 10 IRs were annotated in the R. ferrugineus antennal transcriptome. A comparative transcriptome analysis with the bark beetle showed that 25 % of the blast hits were unique to R. ferrugineus, indicating a higher, more complete transcript coverage for R. ferrugineus. We categorized the RPW ORs into seven subfamilies of coleopteran ORs and predicted two new subfamilies of ORs. The OR protein sequences were compared with those of the flour beetle, the cerambycid beetle and the bark beetle, and we identified coleopteran-specific, highly conserved ORs as well as unique ORs that are putatively involved in RPW aggregation pheromone detection. We identified 26 Minus-C OBPs and 8 Plus-C OBPs and grouped R. ferrugineus OBPs into different OBP-subfamilies according to phylogeny, which indicated significant species-specific expansion and divergence in R. ferrugineus. We also identified a diverse family of CSP proteins, as well as a coleopteran-specific CSP lineage that diverged from Diptera and Lepidoptera. We identified several extremely diverged IR orthologues as well as highly conserved insect IR co-receptor orthologous transcripts in R. ferrugineus. Notably, GR orthologous transcripts for CO2-sensing and sweet tastants were identified in R. ferrugineus, and we found a great diversity of GRs within the coleopteran family. With respect to SNMP-1 and SNMP-2 orthologous transcripts, one SNMP-1 orthologue was found to be strikingly highly expressed in the R. ferrugineus antennal transcriptome. Conclusion Our study presents the first comprehensive catalogue of olfactory gene families involved in pheromone and general odorant detection in R. ferrugineus, which are potential novel targets for pest control strategies.

  18. 快速生化检验在动物产品检疫中的应用%Using of quick Biockemical Process Analysis in Animal Productions quarantine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周哲学

    2000-01-01

    快速生化检验在动物产品检疫中能帮助判定动物产品是否来源于健康动物.黄脂肉、黄疸、病死动物肉及旋毛虫肉的快速生化检验技术简便快速,在动物产品检疫中有一定的实用价值.

  19. Study of quarantine treatment in mango (Mangifera indica L.) for export; Estudo de tratamentos fitossanitarios na manga (Mangifera indica L.) para exportacao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz, Juliana Nunes da

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of the present study was to verify and compare the chemical and physical-chemical behaviour of mango cv. Tommy Atkins subjected to hydrothermal treatment and irradiation at doses 0.4 and 1.0 kGy, to complement the studies by SABATO et al (2009) in the real transport of irradiated mangoes from Brazil to Canada. These studies allowed to compare the performance of irradiation with heat treatment on the preservation of the characteristics of mango for export. For these reason fruits were divided into groups: control, heat bath (46 degree C for 90 min), at dose 0.4 kGy and at dose 1.0 kGy. The fruits were stored at low temperature (11 degree C {+-} 2) for 14 days, and then at room temperature (23 degree C {+-} 2) until the end of its useful life. During the period of cold storage the analysis were performed at intervals of 7 days and every 3 days when kept at room temperature. The results indicated that the dose of 1.0 kGy was the only group that kept the fruit with the skin color on stage 3 throughout the experimental period, but provided a greater loss of texture degradation and the levels of total acidity in the fruits with green skin. It was noted that only the control group showed higher levels of citric acid and succinic acid in the last day of the experiment. There were no significant differences in soluble solids, total sugars and evaluation of weight in relation to treatments. The analysis of visual observation indicated that the heat bath group was the one with the highest number of fruit drop by decomposition with approximately 55%. It was concluded that irradiation is more effective in preserving the quality of mangoes cv. Tommy Atkins, reducing the appearance of rot or shriveling in relation to heat treatment. However, the preservation of the skin of fruit is not concurrently influenced by its intrinsic nature, since, internally, the fruits continue their normal maturation, independent of the applied dose. (author)

  20. 玉米三种检疫危险性病害简介%Brief Introduction of Three Quarantine Diseases in Maize

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王有福

    2001-01-01

    @@ 目前,在甜玉米及糯玉米上发生的检疫危险性病害有三种:玉米枯萎病(Erwinia stewartii)、玉米霜霉病(Peronosclerospora spp.)、玉米萎蔫病(Clavibacter michi ganensis subsp.nebraskensis).其中,玉米霜霉病菌和枯萎病菌是进境植物检疫危险性病、虫、杂草名单中的一类检疫对象,玉米萎蔫病菌为三类检疫对象.以下就三种病原菌的分类、病害症状特点、传播途径、发病规律及防治措施等方面加以说明.

  1. 78 FR 41908 - Plants for Planting Whose Importation Is Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-12

    ... Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis; Notice of Availability of Data Sheets for Taxa of Plants for Planting That Are Quarantine Pests or Hosts of Quarantine Pests AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health... plants for planting are quarantine pests or hosts of quarantine pests and, therefore, should be added...

  2. 7 CFR 301.75-13 - Compliance agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus Canker Notice of Quarantine and... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to facilitate the interstate movement of regulated articles...

  3. 76 FR 66033 - Plants for Planting Whose Importation Is Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ... Pending Pest Risk Analysis; Notice of Availability of Data Sheets for Taxa of Plants for Planting That Are Quarantine Pests or Hosts of Quarantine Pests AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA... pests and 107 taxa of plants for planting are hosts of 13 quarantine pests and therefore should be...

  4. 寨卡病毒病的流行现状与国境卫生检疫应对策略%Zika virus epidemic situation and heath quarantine strategy for national frontier port

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董瑞玲; 朱玉兰; 李东晓; 刁慕言; 陈英周; 刘铮; 古莉冰; 孙杰; 顾大勇

    2016-01-01

    2015年美洲爆发了大规模的寨卡(Zika)病毒病疫情,该疾病引起了全世界的广泛关注.Zika病毒可引起80%的隐性感染病例,且传播媒介伊蚊在我国广泛分布,该病毒传入我国并造成传播的风险极高.由于该病毒尚无疫苗和特异性治疗方法,且病毒感染与出生缺陷和神经系统症状有密切关联,是目前我国国境检疫需要重点防控入境的传染性病原体,本文对Zika病毒病流行特征、检测方法、预防措施和卫生检疫工作应对策略进行综述,以期为Zika病毒的国境卫生检疫防控工作提供科学依据.

  5. Analysis and research on yellow fever situation and the frontier health quarantine%黄热病现情分析与卫生检疫工作的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古丽努尔·买买提; 雷霞; 赵燕; 加娜尔·木西; 党晓霞

    2014-01-01

    黄热病(Yellow Fever,YF)病毒是一种黄热病毒属虫媒病毒.经媒蚊传播,在非洲和南美洲热带地区呈地方性流行.据世界卫生组织(WHO)估计,全球年发病人数20万例,死亡3万例.其中90%以上发生在非洲,严重威胁人类的健康.随着全球经济的不断发展,国际间人群交往的频繁,黄热病疫情进入非黄热病流行区的风险日益增加.因此,我国对及时预防、控制该病通过国境口岸传入的警惕性不容忽视.

  6. 必检淋巴结病理变化在猪肉检疫中的意义%The Role of Pathological Changes of Lymph Nodes in Pork Quarantine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华莹

    2008-01-01

    淋巴结是动物机体的免疫器官和防御结构,具有吞噬异物和各种微生物的功能,并产生免疫应答。当病原微生物侵害机体某组织或器官时,很快被局部淋巴结阻截,淋巴结发生相应的变化,体积增大或缩小,色泽呈现出红、黑、青等,因此淋巴结的病变反映出局部或全身器官的健康状况。这对于我们判定猪生前患病(尤其是传染病)和评价肉品卫生质量具有重要意义。对必检淋巴结进行检验是猪宰后检疫的重要内容。

  7. 深圳口岸截获的外来危险性线虫种类及检疫对策%The exotic species of hazardous nematode and quarantine countermeasures at Shenzhen port

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一农; 李芳荣; 余道坚; 刘爱华; 张青汉

    2005-01-01

    2000年至2003年,深圳口岸从进口木质包装、花卉种苗、进境旅客携带物中截获7种(属)外来危险性线虫,共计312批。它们是:一类危险性线虫香蕉穿孔线虫(Radopholus similis)1批;二类危险性线虫松材线虫(Bursaphelenchus xylophilus)218批;

  8. 深化植物检疫建设防控新型生物恐怖%Strengthen the Establishment of Plant Quarantine to Defense Against a New Type of Bioterrorism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    通过分析新型生物恐怖的特点,回顾了美国防控农业生物恐怖的工作及其对我国深化国境生物安全建设的启示,以期通过加强立法、注重技术研究、聚焦防御策略、强化公众参与、加快生物安全信息收集和分析、完善合作机制,建立健全的预防和应急机制,维护我国国家安全、经济发展和社会稳定.

  9. The Preliminary Analysis of Quarantine Parameters in Common Marmosets' Infectious Diseases%普通狨猴部分传染性疾病检疫指标的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李萌乾; 王青松; 张占恒; 刘晓龙; 王星童; 李婷婷; 尹海芳; 刘凤勇

    2014-01-01

    目的 对从南非引进普通狨猴和实验室人工繁殖饲养的狨猴进行传染病的检验,通过比较分析,以获得普通狨猴的传染性疾病的检疫指标.方法 对动物分别进行了血浆甲型肝炎病毒检测、肝脏B超检测、结核杆菌皮肤检测、肠道寄生虫检查、粪常规及肠道致病菌检查、皮肤及口腔疱疹病毒检测等.结果 所有待检狨猴均未出现甲肝、结核杆菌、肠道寄生虫致病菌、疱疹病毒的阳性感染.结论 经该传染病检验方法的检测,所有动物均未感染传染性疾病,且方法安全有效,适合作为普通狨猴的传染病初筛方法.

  10. Sample Record System Based on RFID for Quarantine of Imported Cattles%基于射频识别技术的进口种牛检疫采样记录系统的设计与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏金海; 许建明; 严安; 金铮; 段向英; 鲁龙翔; 王晓洁; 张开展; 赵鹏

    2015-01-01

    针对进口种牛检疫采样人员需求多、容易出错、耗时长的问题,设计开发了基于射频识别技术的动物检疫采样记录系统.该系统通过便携式电子耳标识别设备直接读取牛电子耳牌信息,通过蓝牙录入计算机,由电脑核对并记录动物耳号信息后制作样品标签,实现了采样记录的自动化,节省了人力、时间,降低了差错率.

  11. 卫生检疫风险预警和快速反应网络系统的研究%A Study on Network System of Risk Early Warning and Fast Reaction of Health and Quarantine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯庆文; 周旭

    2003-01-01

    [目的]研究新的传染病疫情报告方法,解决传染病疫情上报存在的问题,以适应卫生检疫风险预警及快速反应的要求.[方法]利用计算机网络和CA(数字证书)加密技术,开展卫生检疫风险预警及快速反应网络系统研究.[结果]该系统运行以来,处理各类疫情信息共6 627条,有效地解决了卫生检疫疫情时限性和保密性对疫情信息管理的困扰,达到了卫生检疫管理快速安全、交流顺畅、反应及时、管理便捷的预警反应机制的要求.[结论]该系统的建立,解决了传统疫情上报工作中的问题,加强了信息交流与共享,提高疫情信息管理的自动化水平,达到了课题设计的预期目标.

  12. PCR相关技术在植物病毒检疫检测中的应用%Application of PCR Related Techniques in Plant Virus Quarantine and Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾青雷; 刘昊; 张绍红

    2011-01-01

    PCR和建立在PCR基础上的分子生物学技术以其灵敏、快速、简便等优点广泛应用于植物病毒的检测.阐述反转录聚合酶链式反应、免疫捕捉反转录PCR,PCR一单链构型多态性、实时荧光定量PCR、差异显示PCR和巢式PCR等相关技术的原理及其在植物病毒检测中的应用现状,以期为我国植物病毒的检疫检测提供有益参考.

  13. Analysis of Glander Quarantine Situation in the Horse Premises of the State Modem Pentathlon Team%对国家现代五项队马场鼻疽检疫情况的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李德义

    2010-01-01

    应用国外国内不同厂家生产的鼻疽菌素,对同群54匹马进行两次鼻疽点眼检疫第一次检疫检出阳性马35匹,阳性率67.3%,第二次检出阳性马3匹,阳性率5.6%.通过两次点眼结果和另10匹马的不同鼻疽菌素点眼比较实验的分析,两次检疫结果有极大的差异,不同厂家生产的老鼻疽菌素和提纯鼻疽菌素、荷兰和国内生产的提纯鼻疽菌素的点眼反应强度不一.两次检疫结果存在极大的差异,鼻疽菌素标准化的问题急待解决.

  14. Multiplex DPO-PCR detection of two quarantine fungal diseases of sunflower%两种向日葵检疫性真菌病害的多重DPO-PCR检测方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娜; 乾义柯; 魏霜; 梁巧玲; 鄞杰平; 刘中勇; 陈卫民

    2015-01-01

    本研究根据向日葵白锈病菌大亚基核糖体RNA基因序列,向日葵黑茎病菌的ITS-5.8S rRNA基因序列,分别设计特异性DPO(dual priming oligonucleotide)引物,建立同时检测这两种检疫性病菌的多重DPO-PCR检测方法,并对其特异性和灵敏度进行评价.结果表明,所设计的DPO引物特异性强,仅向日葵白锈病菌和向日葵黑茎病菌可分别扩增出307 bp与388bp的特异性条带,其他参照菌株及阴性对照均无条带;检测体系对混合模板中向日葵白锈病菌和向日葵黑茎病菌的DNA灵敏度均达0.05 ng/μL;且该检测方法对退火温度不敏感,适用范围广.该方法能够准确、快速的检测向日葵白锈病菌和向日葵黑茎病菌,适合于口岸实验室的快速检测.

  15. '99昆明世博会国外参展植物寄生性线虫的检疫研究报告%A RESEARCH REPORT OF PLANT PARASITE NEMATODE QUARANTINE IN EXPO '99

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖枢; 陈云勇; 喻盛甫; 蒋小龙; 沐咏民; 胡先奇

    2000-01-01

    本次博览会参展植物种类多,来源广,带土普遍,疫情复杂.在来自国外的近300种参展植物中截获矛线目和垫刃目的14个科、74个属(种),其中截获我国对外检疫潜在危险性线虫:咖啡短体线虫Pratylenchus caffeae,穿刺短体线虫P.penetrans,稻干尖线虫Aphelenchoides bdsseyi,草莓滑刃线虫A.fraganiae,北方根结线虫Meloidogyne hapla,南方根结线虫M.incohnita,爪哇根结线虫M.javanica,长针线虫Longidorus,剑线虫Xiphinema spp.,乳突剑线虫Xiphinema mammlliatum等10个属(种).同时,在检疫处理方面也进行了大胆的探索和研究,并形成了一套有效的除害处理方法.

  16. 进口北美原木山松大小蠹风险分析及检疫管理对策%Risk Analysis and Quarantine Management Countermeasures of Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins in Imported Log from North America

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑茂灿; 叶剑雄; 林玲

    2011-01-01

    通过对山松大小蠹随北美原木进口进入我国传入、定殖、扩散风险以及经济重要性进行风险分析,并提出防范该虫随进口北美原木传入我国的检疫管理对策.

  17. Research on the inspection and quarantine mode of the cruise ship food supply in the pilot FTA area%自贸试验区国际邮轮食品供应检验检疫模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖; 姜鲁明; 仲夏

    2016-01-01

    随着中国邮轮产业的快速发展,在国内运营的国际邮轮数量不断增加,邮轮产业链的发展越来越受到各方重视,其中国际邮轮食品供应是邮轮产业链中的重要一环.目前,国内邮轮食品供应市场发展缓慢,很大程度上源于监管制度的束缚,自贸试验区的设立为破解制度,更好的促进邮轮食品供应市场的发展提供了契机.本文从检验检疫制度创新角度出发,对自贸试验区内邮轮食品供应的检验检疫监管模式进行探索、研讨、制度固化,实现了以问题为导向的政策突破,可有效助推邮轮食品供应链的发展.

  18. Research on quarantine management model of respiratory infectious disease outbreaks on international cruise ships%国际航行邮轮呼吸道传染病暴发检疫管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘茂华; 戴炎焱; 顾立乾; 高军; 钟韬

    2014-01-01

    目的 根据国际邮轮呼吸道传染病暴发的流行病学规律,判断突发呼吸道传染病暴发的风险程度,确定合理高效检疫模式,为妥善处理国际航行邮轮呼吸道传染病突发事件提供指导.方法 基于国际邮轮传染病暴发快速评估方法,结合目前已有的处置指南,针对国际航行邮轮的特点,研究确定合理高效的邮轮呼吸道传染病现场检疫模式.结果 根据疫情评估,制定了邮轮呼吸道传染病现场检疫管理模式,包括处置队伍组成、处置方式和是否继续航行的建议.结论 初步确立了国际航行邮轮呼吸道传染病紧急状态下科学有效处置的基本模式.

  19. 自贸试验区国际邮轮检验检疫监管政策研究%Research on the inspection, quarantine and supervision policy of the cruise ship in the FTA test area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖

    2016-01-01

    随着国际邮轮产业逐渐向亚洲倾斜,中国成为邮轮产业的新热点.邮轮产业逐渐升温给各方的监管工作提出了新挑战,如何更好的服务邮轮产业发展,同时有效防控群体性突发公共卫生事件,是检验检疫面临的最大问题.本文从提高邮轮和邮轮旅客通关便利化,支持邮轮食品供应行业发展等角度探索了自贸试验区内检验检疫模式的创新和突破.

  20. The current condition and analysis of quality management for HIV screening laboratory in inspection and quarantine bureau on primary level——Take Zengcheng inspection and quarantine bureau as an example%基层检验检疫局HIV筛查实验室质量管理现状与分析——以增城出入境检验检疫局为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明宏艳; 温万其; 陈晨; 张艳超

    2013-01-01

    本文介绍了增城出入境检验检疫局(以下简称增城局)HIV筛查实验室质量管理现状,分析基层检验检疫局HIV筛查实验室在实际工作中存在的问题,查找管理工作中存在的不足,探讨解决问题的方法,总结在基层实验室工作的经验,为其他基层HIV筛查实验室提供一些借鉴,并就口岸HIV筛查实验室的发展提出看法.

  1. 78 FR 8435 - Importation of Fresh Citrus Fruit From Uruguay, Including Citrus Hybrids and Fortunella

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... States through the importation of citrus fruit. These include two fruit flies, Anastrepha fraterculus... conditions are designed to prevent the introduction of the following quarantine pests: Anastrepha fraterculus...

  2. 7 CFR 319.56-49 - Eggplant from Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... introduction of the following quarantine pests: Ceratitis capitata, Eutetranychus orientalis, Helicoverpa..., Ceratitis capitata) is required both inside and outside the pest-exclusionary structures. Trapping must...

  3. 77 FR 34781 - Importation of Tomatoes From the Economic Community of West African States Into the Continental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... importation of tomatoes from various countries where the Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly, Ceratitis capitata... quarantine pests: Bactrocera cucurbitae, B. invadens, Ceratitis capitata, C. rosa, Chrysodeixis chalcites...

  4. 7 CFR 301.32 - Restrictions on interstate movement of regulated articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruit Flies... other requirements for the interstate movement of any of the fruit flies regulated under this...

  5. Announcement of Newly Approved National Standards of P. R. China 2006 No.13 (total No. 100)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R. China and Standardization Administration of China have approved the following 371 national standards and publicize now.

  6. Announcement of Newly Approved National Standards of P. R. China 2006 No.11 (total No.98)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R. China and Standardization Administration of China have approved the following 220 national standards and publicize now.

  7. Announcement of Newly Approved National Standards of P. R. China 2007 No.4 (total No. 104)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R. China and Standardization Administration of China have approved the following 114 national standards and publicize now.

  8. Fumigation with Phosphine for Postharvest Insect Control on Lettuce, Broccoli, and Strawberries

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. exported lettuce, broccoli, and strawberries often harbor western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), a quarantined pest in Taiwan, and therefore require quarantine treatment. Pure phosphine fumigation at a low temperature of 2°C was studied as an alternative to methyl bromide to contro...

  9. LOW TEMPERATURE PHOSPHINE FUMIGATION FOR POSTHARVEST PEST CONTROL ON FRESH VEGETABLES

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. exported lettuce, broccoli, asparagus, and strawberries often harbor western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), a quarantined pest in Taiwan, and therefore require quarantine treatment. Fumigation with pure phosphine at a low temperature of 2°C was studied to control western flower t...

  10. Pure phosphine fumigation treatment at low temperature for postharvest control of western flower thrips on lettuce, broccoli, asparagus, and strawberries

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. exported lettuce, broccoli, asparagus, and strawberries often harbor western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), a quarantined pest in Taiwan, and therefore require quarantine treatment. Pure phosphine fumigation at a low temperature of 2°C was studied as an alternative fumigant to meth...

  11. 7 CFR 301.75-2 - General prohibitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus Canker Notice of Quarantine and... interstate into any commercial citrus-producing area, except as follows: The regulated articles may be...

  12. 7 CFR 301.75-17 - Funds for the replacement of certified citrus nursery stock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus Canker Notice of Quarantine and Regulations § 301.75-17 Funds for the replacement of certified citrus... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Funds for the replacement of certified citrus...

  13. 42 CFR 71.11 - Bills of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bills of health. 71.11 Section 71.11 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING FOREIGN QUARANTINE Measures at Foreign Ports § 71.11 Bills of health. A carrier at any foreign port clearing or...

  14. 76 FR 26654 - Movement of Hass Avocados From Areas Where Mediterranean Fruit Fly or South American Fruit Fly Exist

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... Avocados From Areas Where Mediterranean Fruit Fly or South American Fruit Fly Exist AGENCY: Animal and... from Mediterranean fruit fly quarantined areas in the United States with a certificate if the fruit is... quarantine regulations to remove trapping requirements for Mediterranean fruit fly for Hass avocados...

  15. El enfoque de sistemas en programas de seguridad cuarentenaria

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a globalized world, the application of phytosanitary measures for quarantine by the producing countries is becoming more important as it facilitates access to key export markets for fruits and vegetables. Some of the problems currently encountered with quarantine treatments include, among others...

  16. 78 FR 58992 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Citrus Canker...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... States. Citrus canker is a plant disease that affects plant and plant parts, including fresh fruit of... Collection; Citrus Canker; Interstate Movement of Regulated Nursery Stock and Fruit From Quarantined Areas... nursery stock and fruit from quarantined areas to prevent the spread of citrus canker. DATES: We...

  17. 7 CFR 301.85-1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Golden Nematode Quarantine and Regulations § 301.85-1... respectively to mean: Certificate. A document issued or authorized to be issued under this subpart by an... a regulated area not designated as a suppressive area in accordance with § 301.85-2. Golden nematode...

  18. 7 CFR 301.75-15 - Funds for the replacement of commercial citrus trees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Funds for the replacement of commercial citrus trees. 301.75-15 Section 301.75-15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus Canker Notice of Quarantine and Regulations...

  19. 7 CFR 301.85-9 - Movement of live golden nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Movement of live golden nematodes. 301.85-9 Section... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Golden Nematode Quarantine and Regulations § 301.85-9 Movement of live golden nematodes. Regulations requiring a permit for and...

  20. 7 CFR 319.55a - Administrative instructions relating to entry of rice straw and rice hulls into Guam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... straw and rice hulls into Guam. 319.55a Section 319.55a Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... QUARANTINE NOTICES Rice Quarantine § 319.55a Administrative instructions relating to entry of rice straw and rice hulls into Guam. Rice straw and rice hulls may be imported into Guam without further permit,...

  1. 42 CFR 71.56 - African rodents and other animals that may carry the monkeypox virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false African rodents and other animals that may carry... HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING FOREIGN QUARANTINE Importations § 71.56 African rodents... import or attempt to import any rodents, whether dead or alive, that were obtained, directly...

  2. Port Health Control%口岸卫生控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈心尧

    2002-01-01

    @@ The port health authorities prevent the transmission of quarantinable diseases into and out of the territory, and control the spread of other communicable diseases mainly through quarantine inspection, surveillance of communicable diseases,sanitary supervision and sanitary treatment. Taking the year 2000 as an example, inspection has been carried out on 385 810 ships, 146 399 planes.

  3. 7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations requiring a permit for and...

  4. 42 CFR 70.3 - All communicable diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false All communicable diseases. 70.3 Section 70.3 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.3 All communicable diseases. A person who has a communicable disease in...

  5. 7 CFR 301.52-9 - Movement of live pink bollworms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Movement of live pink bollworms. 301.52-9 Section 301... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pink Bollworm Quarantine and Regulations § 301.52-9 Movement of live pink bollworms. Regulations requiring a permit for, and...

  6. Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of brown-rot control strategies : development of a bio-economic model of brown-rot prevalence in the Dutch potato production chain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breukers, M.L.H.; Mourits, M.C.M.; Werf, van der W.; Kettenis, D.L.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    Quarantine diseases comprise a distinct class of plant diseases. In contrast to other plant diseases, direct losses through crop damage are often limited. Yet, quarantine diseases may have serious economic consequences for a country as they threaten the country¿s export of affected crops. In particu

  7. 21 CFR 1270.33 - Records, general requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... quarantine, accompanied by records assuring identification of the donor and indicating that the tissue has... performance of infectious disease screening and testing of donors of human tissue. All records shall be... quarantined until the following criteria for donor suitability are satisfied: (1) All infectious...

  8. 78 FR 6227 - Importation of Fresh Apricots From Continental Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... scorch, Apiognomonia erythrostoma (Pers.), a fungus, and Brown rot, Monilinia fructigena Honey, a fungus. A quarantine pest is defined in Sec. 319.56-2 as a pest of potential economic importance to the area... serve as potential host material for insect pests. Mitigations for Specific Quarantine Pests Fungi...

  9. 78 FR 26316 - Plants for Planting Whose Importation is Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ... quarantine pests, the list will include the names of the taxa. For taxa of plants for planting that are hosts of quarantine pests, the list will include the names of the taxa, the foreign places from which the...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plants for Planting Whose Importation is...

  10. Detection and sequencing analysis of Leptospira carried by rats from Jiangxi Port and Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau's supervision areas%江西口岸及国检监管区鼠类感染钩端螺旋体的检测及基因序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵明惠; 徐铁龙; 张强; 胡婷; 王建军; 刘开明; 廖芸

    2016-01-01

    目的 为了解江西省口岸及国检监管区鼠类携带的钩端螺旋体情况,2015年7-12月,对江西省2个一类口岸和9个国检监管区捕获的鼠类携带的钩端螺旋体进行了检测.方法 采用荧光定量PCR和特异性PCR扩增两种方法对样本进行检测.结果 研究发现捕获的107只鼠类中存在12例致病性钩端螺旋体阳性,阳性率为11.2%.包括褐家鼠6只,黄毛鼠3只,黄胸鼠1只,社鼠2只,分布在昌北机场、康替龙国检监管区、南丰国检监管区、鹰潭国检监管区和瑞金国检监管区.同源性对比和系统进化分析显示,12例钩端螺旋体中11例为问号钩端螺旋体,另1例为博氏钩端螺旋体.结论 在江西口岸及国检监管区鼠类中存在问号钩端螺旋体和博氏钩端螺旋体感染.两种PCR检测方法均可适用于口岸及国检监管区对钩端螺旋体的检测,防止相应传染病在口岸的爆发与传播,保卫口岸安全.

  11. Speaking of the system of animal and plant quarantine from the transmitting risk of African swine fever%从非洲猪瘟等外来威胁谈口岸动植物检疫体系的建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李健; 黄忠荣; 李春阳; 胡永强

    2013-01-01

    本文围绕新形势下进出境口岸动植物检疫工作面临的挑战与问题,以非洲猪瘟的应对为例,提出了法规标准及时更新与推广体系、风险分析和信息收集体系、口岸执法能力建设体系、实验室规划和能力建设体系、与内检机构合作联防联控体系5个方面的建设设想,建议构建保障生态文明为目的、遵循国际规则为主线、强化口岸防控为重点、坚持多方协作联防联控为手段的综合口岸动植物检疫防控体系.

  12. The Comparison Between the Definitions of New Revision of the International Health Regulations and the Definitions of Present International and National Regulaions of Health and Quarantine%新修订的《国际卫生条例》与现行国际国内卫生检疫法规定义的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卫军

    2004-01-01

    将新修订的中的主要定义与现行的、、中的相关定义进行比较,以期从中找出差异,揭示定义的变化与立法精神改变的关系,探讨我国法律法规如何与这些变化相适应.

  13. Quarantine Analysis and Pest Elimination of Entry-Exit Wood Packing Materials at SIP Integrated Free Trade Zone%苏州工业园综保区进出境木质包装材料检疫分析与除害处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱程

    2010-01-01

    分析了苏州工业园综合保税区进出境木质包装材料检疫现状,并对检疫处理方法进行探讨,为今后综保区在木质包装材料的检疫查验和除害处理以及替代材料的发展和应用方面提供参考.

  14. Inspection and Quarantine Management of Animal Importation and Exportation aid Operation Proceduces at Port in the U.S.A.%美国进出口动物的检验检疫管理和口岸工作程序

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ 美国进出口动物和动物产品检疫工作的主管部门是美国农业部动植物卫生检验局(APHIS),具体由其下属兽医处(VS)的动物进出口中心(NCIE)负责全国范围的管理工作.

  15. Prediction of Potential Invasive Range of Quarantine Weed Lactuca serriola in China by MaxEnt Model%应用MaxEnt模型预测检疫性杂草毒莴苣在我国的潜分布范围

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭水良; 高平磊; 娄玉霞

    2011-01-01

    Lactuca serriola L. ,originated from Europe,has been invading into China in recent years. Based on 51 Environmental variables and 6 637 records of Lactuca serriola in the world, its potential distribution was quantitatively predicted by MaxEnt ecological niche model and the software of ArcGis 9. 3. The prediction was confirmed by ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) curve. The results showed that Lactuca serriola has a wide range of potential distribution regions including Shanghai,Jiangsu,Shandong, Anhui,Henan,Shanxi, Yunnan, Hubei and some other places. The actual distribution of L. Serriola is far narrower than its maximum range of potential distribution. Therefore,more attention should be paid to the monitoring and integrated management of L. Serriola.%毒莴苣(Lactuca serriola L.)原产欧洲,是近年来传入我国的新外来入侵植物.本文基于51种环境因子和毒莴苣在全球6 637个地理分布记录,应用MaxEnt模型和ArcGis 9.3软件,定量地预测了毒莴苣在我国的潜在分布区域和风险等级,结果得到了ROC曲线分析法的验证.发现10月到第2年3月的温度是影响毒莴苣在全球多度分布的主要环境因素.预测结果表明,毒莴苣在我国有很广的潜在分布区,其中上海、江苏、山东、安徽、河南、陕西、云南、湖北等省区等地是毒莴苣的高风险区域,目前毒莴苣的实际分布远未达其最大潜在分布范围,因此应该加强对毒莴苣的监测和综合管理.

  16. An epidemiological review of possible introductions of fish diseases, northern Pacific seastar and Japanese kelp through ships ballast water: B. Munday (coordinator), A. Clark, M. Hine, R. Lester, R. Whittington ; Phase 2 contributors : B. Munday (coordinator), Martin Daintith, J. Craig Sanderson, Elizabeth Turner, for Australian Quarantine Inspection Service ; Project managed by the Bureau of Resource Sciences

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Munday, B; Clark, A; Hine, M; Lester, R; Whittington; Daintith, M; Sanderson, J.C; Turner, E

    1994-01-01

    Phase I : An epidemiological review of possible disease introductions through ships ballast water, Decemaber 1992, University of Tasmania, Launceston through the National Key Centre for Teaching and Research in Aquaculture; Phase 2...

  17. Survey on the relationship between mental health and personality characteristics in 752 drug abusers under the mandatory quarantine treatment%752例强制隔离戒毒者心理健康与个性特征的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新民; 谷莲莲; 金明琦; 张婷; 韦克诚; 徐东彪; 李桦; 何苗苗; 刘涛

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨戒毒者心理健康状况以及心理健康与个性之间的关系.方法:采用自编一般调查表,调查戒毒者的一般状况;症状自评量表(SCL-90)测量被试的心理健康水平;艾森克人格量表(EPQ)测量被试的个性特征.结果:①戒毒者SCL-90的总分和各因子分均高于常模;②戒毒者的心理健康与情绪稳定性和精神质存在显著相关性,内外倾性仅与抑郁因子负相关.结论:戒毒者的心理健康与个性心理有选择性相关,在戒毒者心理康复中宜予以测查和分析.%Objective: To investigate the psychological statues and the relationship between mental health and personality traits in drug abusers under compulsory isolated detoxification. Methods: Self-programmed general questionnaire was performed to investigate the general conditions of substance users under detoxification treatment. Symptom Checklist-90 ( SCL-90 ) was used to measure the levels of mental health status, and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire ( EPQ ) was used to assess the personality traits. Results:①The substance users during withdrawal scored over the national norm concerning the total score and scores on the component of SCL-90;②The mental health was significantly correlated with the emotional stability and psychoticism in the drug addicts, whereas either introversion or extraversion was exclusively associated with melancholic temperament. Conclusion: The mental health in drug abusers seems correlated with psychological selection in formation of personality traits, thus, mental health rehabilitation for this population group shall rely on the psychological assessment.

  18. Discussion about Law Truss and Sanitary Technic Content in Activity of Establishing International Sanitary Airport%对创建国际卫生机场法规构成和技术条件的讨论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建男

    2002-01-01

    @@ Activity of establishing international sanitary airport is a systematic project developing in international airports according to Article 14th and 18th of "International Health Regulation". Its law truss is made up of relative Articles of"International Health Regulation", "guide to Aircraft sanitation", "the Frontier Health and Quarantine Law", "Specific Rules for Enforcing the Frontier Health and Quarantine Law of P.R.China,etc. Purpose of developing this activity is to improve the quality and technology of health quarantine, and the effect of health control in port,so as to control in and out of infectious disease more effectively.

  19. Isolation and characterization of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (Newcastle disease) viruses from a flock of ostriches (Struthio camelus) and emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae) in Europe with inconsistent serology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Poul Henrik; Herczeg, J.; Lomniczi, B.

    1998-01-01

    During a 95-day study period in 1995 in Denmark, 18 ostriches in a flock of 77 ostriches and four emus held in quarantine died, Clinical and pathological observations did not indicate the presence of transmissible infectious disease in the hock. Management failures and indoor housing were believed...... of Newcastle disease in back yard poultry ire Denmark. Blood samples were taken from all live birds in the flock after 25 and 95 days of quarantine and all were negative for antibodies to APMV-1 in haemagglutination inhibition tests. All samples taken after 95 days of quarantine were also negative...

  20. 75 FR 75363 - Absence and Leave; Sick Leave

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    ... covered servicemember undergoing medical treatment, recuperation, or therapy, for a serious injury or... movement to stop the spread of that illness. Quarantine means the separation and restriction of movement...

  1. Implications of Rhagoletis zephyria, 1894 (Diptera: Tephritidae), captures for apple maggot surveys and fly ecology in Washington state, U.S.A

    Science.gov (United States)

    The apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh), 1867 (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an introduced quarantine pest of apple (Malus domestica Borkhausen) (Rosaceae) in Washington state, U.S.A. A morphologically similar native fly, Rhagoletis zephyria Snow, 1894, infests snowberries (Symphoricarpos spp.) ...

  2. 7 CFR 319.40-2 - General prohibitions and restrictions; relation to other regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES... in accordance with § 319.19, “Subpart—Citrus Canker and Other Citrus Diseases”, or §§ 319.37...

  3. Contamination control by use of ethylene oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroud, R. H.; Lyle, R. G.

    1972-01-01

    The uses of ethylene oxide as a decontaminating agent for planetary quarantine related applications are reported. Aspects discussed include: applications and limitations, chemical and physical properties, germicidal activity, methods of applications, and effects on personnel.

  4. 48 CFR 552.270-4 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... enemy, (2) acts of the United States of America in either its sovereign or contractual capacity, (3..., (6) epidemics, (7) quarantine restrictions, (8) strikes, (9) freight embargoes, (10) unusually...

  5. Medhost: An encyclopedic bibliography of the host plants of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), version 3.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), causes direct damage to fruits and vegetables through oviposition and larval feeding. Rigorous quarantine procedures are currently enforced to prevent domestic and transnational spread of Medfly. Accessible and reliable informatio...

  6. 75 FR 44936 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Phytophthora Ramorum...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ...; Phytophthora Ramorum; Quarantine and Regulations AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA... regulations for the interstate movement of regulated articles to prevent the spread of Phytophthora ramorum... of Phytophthora ramorum, contact Mr. Prakash Hebbar, Program Manager, Emergency and Domestic...

  7. 76 FR 40341 - Procurement List; Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-08

    ... and Quarantine, & Veterinary Services, 8100 NW. 15th Place, Gainesville, FL. NPA: The Arc of Bradford County, Starke, FL. Contracting Activity: Dept. of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection...

  8. 76 FR 23998 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions and Deletion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... Quarantine & Veterinary Services, 8100 NW 15th Place, Gainesville, FL. NPA: The Arc of Bradford County, Starke, FL. Contracting Activity: Dept of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service...

  9. 7 CFR 301.74-1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) species, including, but not limited to, almond, apricot, nectarine, peach, plum, and sweet and tart cherry. The strain of plum pox in Pennsylvania does not affect cherry trees. Quarantined area. Any State,...

  10. Brand Wins Honors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shang Lin'aiyi

    2007-01-01

    @@ On September 11th, the outcome of "China's world famous brand" assessment, conducted by General Administration of Quality Supervision & Inspection & Quarantine, was announced in Beijing. Among the three winners, Bosideng Group is the only one representing China's apparel industry.

  11. 7 CFR 999.400 - Regulation governing the importation of filberts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... following: (i) The date and place of inspection. (ii) The name of the applicant. (iii) The name of the... section do not supersede the Federal Plant Quarantine Act of 1912, the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic...

  12. 7 CFR 999.300 - Regulation governing importation of raisins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... following: (i) The date and place of inspection; (ii) The name of the applicant; (iii) The name of the... restrictions or prohibitions on the importation of raisins under the Federal Plant Quarantine Act of 1912, the...

  13. Fecundity and longevity of Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) queens in response to irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irradiation is a postharvest quarantine treatment option to control ants and other hitchhiker pests on fresh horticultural products traded between countries. As little is known about irradiation effects on ants, radiotolerance of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae...

  14. Acute exposure to low dose radiation disrupts reproduction and shortens survival of Wasmannia auropunctata (Hymenoptera Formicidae)queens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irradiation is a postharvest quarantine treatment option to control ants and other hitchhiker pests on fresh horticultural products exported from Hawaii. The radiotolerance of the invasive little fire ant, Wasmannia auropunctata (Roger) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae), was studied to determine...

  15. Public Health Emergency Management Within the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    protected in accordance with applicable legal authorities including: (1) Sections 113, 3013, 5013, and 8013 of Reference (c), which generally...include eradication of disease, identification of affected animals, animal quarantine implementation, euthanasia , carcass disposal, cleaning and

  16. Activities for 3.15-International Consumer Right Day Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ On March 15th, 2005, the spot activity for the consultation and propaganda of 3. 15 International Consumer Right Day, jointly hosted by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China (AQSIQ), the People's Government of Beijing, the Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision of Beijing and the Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of Beijing was held at Wang Fujing, Beijing.

  17. Behavioral-Physiological Effects of Red Phosphorus Smoke Inhalation on Two Wildlife Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    Gastec Analyzer Tube Carbon Dioxide (C02 ) Gastec Analyzer Tube Contaminant Gases Carbon Monoxide (CO) Gastec Analyzer Tube Phosphine (PH3 ) Gastec... Phosphine was rarely detected, and only in trace amounts. The median CO values were very acceptable and varied between 6 and 27 ppm. Similar to the...Quarantine Area. 7. Vermin control will be strictly monitored and enforced using glue boards and traps in the Quarantine Areas. Insect control will be 𔃺

  18. Behavioral-Physiological Effects of Red Phosphorus Smoke Inhalation on Two Wildlife Species. Task 3. (RP/BR Aerosol Effects upon the Spontaneous Activity, Startle Response, Pulmonary Function and Blood Chemistry/Hematology of Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) and Rock Doves (Columba livia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    Analyzer Tube Phosphine (PH3)- Gastec Analyzer TubeHexane (C6H14) Gastec Analyzer Tube Temperature/Humidity Temperature Digital Thermometer *Relative...Determination of the amounts of CO, phosphine (PH3), and hexane (C6H14)were performed using procedures similar to those-described for respiratory-gases (see...enforced using glue boards and traps in the Quarantine Areas. Insect control will be accomplished-using appropriate insecticides prior to the Quarantine

  19. Brief introduction of CNAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ China National Accreditation Board for Laboratories (CNAL) was officially established on July 4, 2002 by the merger of former China National Accreditation Committee for Laboratories (CNACL),which was authorized by the former China State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision, and former China Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Laboratory Accreditation Committee (CCIBLAC), which was authorized by Former Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau.

  20. 新闻(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The latest data said Jiangsu Inspectionand Quarantine Bureau had saved variousnspection fees nearly 9.88 million Yuanfor the export companies of this provincesinceJanuary.Of which,textile and garmentcompanies saved cost about 2.2 million yuan.From the beginning of this year,JiangsuInspection and Quarantine Bureau madeeffort to help the foreign trade companies tocope with the financial crisis and implementedthe favorable policy related to inspection andquarantine system,including exempting various

  1. Compliance with Community Mitigation and Interventions in Pandemic Influenza: A Community Policing Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    the form of the Avian or Bird Flu , or perhaps in another, unanticipated mutation, reveals some recently changing trends. For the past several years...press10262006.html (accessed November 27, 2006). 21 Brian Friel, “ Bird Flu Fears Raise Quarantine Questions,” National Journal, October 25, 2005, http...Brian. “ Bird Flu Fears Raise Quarantine Questions.” National Journal. October 25, 2005: 11/27/2006-2,3, http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/1005

  2. Irradiation to control insects in fruits and vegetables for export from Hawaii

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Follett, P.A. E-mail: pfollett@pbarc.ars.usda.gov

    2004-10-01

    Phytosanitary or quarantine treatments are often required to disinfest host commodities of economically important arthropod pests before they are moved through market channels to areas where the pest does not occur. Irradiation is an accepted treatment to control quarantine pests in 10 fruits and five vegetables for export from Hawaii to the US mainland. Irradiation is the ideal technology for developing generic quarantine treatments because it is effective against most insect and mite pests at dose levels that do not affect the quality of most commodities. A generic dose of 150 Gy has been proposed for tephritid fruit flies. Contrary to the 150 Gy dose, approved irradiation quarantine treatment doses for Mediterranean fruit fly, melon fly, and oriental fruit fly in Hawaii are 210-250 Gy. Irradiation studies were conducted to determine if the approved doses were unnecessarily high and could be reduced. Irradiation is also a viable alternative to methyl bromide fumigation to disinfest Hawaii sweetpotatoes, and studies are in progress to identify an effective dose for two key sweetpotato insect pests. Results indicate that irradiation doses <150 Gy will control Hawaii's fruit flies, which supports the proposed generic dose. The idea of generic doses is appealing because it would greatly accelerate the process of approving irradiation quarantine treatments for specific crops, and thereby rapidly expand exports. Preliminary results show that 250-300 Gy will control Hawaii's sweetpotato pests.

  3. Effect of X-ray irradiation on fruit quality of clementine mandarin cv. 'Clemenules'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, Miquel [Centre de Technologia Postcollita, Institut Valencia d' Investigacions Agraries (IVIA), Ctra. de Montcada a Naquera, km. 4.5, E-46113 Montcada, Valencia (Spain); Palou, Lluis [Centre de Technologia Postcollita, Institut Valencia d' Investigacions Agraries (IVIA), Ctra. de Montcada a Naquera, km. 4.5, E-46113 Montcada, Valencia (Spain)]. E-mail: lluis.palou@ivia.es; Angel del Rio, Miguel [Centre de Technologia Postcollita, Institut Valencia d' Investigacions Agraries (IVIA), Ctra. de Montcada a Naquera, km. 4.5, E-46113 Montcada, Valencia (Spain); Jacas, Josep-Anton [Departament de Ciencies Experimentals, Universitat Jaume I (UJI), Campus del Riu Sec, E-12071 Castello de la Plana (Spain)

    2007-10-15

    The effects of a potential quarantine treatment consisting of exposure to X-ray irradiation against the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on 'Clemenules' mandarin quality are presented and compared with those from the standard cold temperature quarantine treatment. X-ray irradiation doses of 0.195 and 0.395 kGy had no detrimental effects on fruit quality (rind color, firmness, juice yield, maturity index, internal volatiles, deterioration index and sensory evaluation). These results therefore indicate that X-ray irradiation is a harmless and highly effective quarantine technique for clementine mandarin and this technique could be as useful as the current cold treatment for 'Clemenules' mandarins.

  4. Effect of X-ray irradiation on fruit quality of clementine mandarin cv. ‘Clemenules’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, Miquel; Palou, Lluís; Ángel del Río, Miguel; Jacas, Josep-Anton

    2007-10-01

    The effects of a potential quarantine treatment consisting of exposure to X-ray irradiation against the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on 'Clemenules' mandarin quality are presented and compared with those from the standard cold temperature quarantine treatment. X-ray irradiation doses of 0.195 and 0.395 kGy had no detrimental effects on fruit quality (rind color, firmness, juice yield, maturity index, internal volatiles, deterioration index and sensory evaluation). These results therefore indicate that X-ray irradiation is a harmless and highly effective quarantine technique for clementine mandarin and this technique could be as useful as the current cold treatment for 'Clemenules' mandarins.

  5. Risk assessment and cost-effectiveness of animal health certification methods for livestock export in Somalia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight-Jones, T J D; Njeumi, F; Elsawalhy, A; Wabacha, J; Rushton, J

    2014-03-01

    Livestock export is vital to the Somali economy. To protect Somali livestock exports from costly import bans used to control the international spread of disease, better certification of livestock health status is required. We performed quantitative risk assessment and cost-effectiveness analysis on different health certification protocols for Somali livestock exports for six transboundary diseases. Examining stock at regional markets alone without port inspection and quarantine was inexpensive but was ineffective for all but contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia and peste des petits ruminants. While extended pre-export quarantine improves detection of infections that cause clinical disease, if biosecurity is suboptimal quarantine provides an opportunity for transmission and increased risk. Clinical examination, laboratory screening and vaccination of animals for key diseases before entry to the quarantine station reduced the risk of an exported animal being infected. If vaccination could be reliably performed weeks before arrival at quarantine its effect would be greatly enhanced. The optimal certification method depends on the disease. Laboratory diagnostic testing was particularly important for detecting infections with limited clinical signs in male animals (only males are exported); for Rift Valley fever (RVF) the probability of detection was 99% or 0% with and without testing. Based on our findings animal inspection and certification at regional markets combined with quarantine inspection and certification would reduce the risk of exporting infected animals and enhance disease control at the regional level. This is especially so for key priority diseases, that is RVF, foot-and-mouth disease and Brucellosis. Increased data collection and testing should be applied at point of production and export.

  6. Introduction to Mars Sampling Handling Workshop Series. Workshop on Life Detection: Issues and Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rummel, John D.

    2001-01-01

    Before martian soil and rock samples can be distributed to the research community, the returned materials will initially be quarantined and examined in a proposed BSL-4 containment facility to assure that no putative martian microorganisms or attendant potential biohazards exist. During the initial quarantine, state-of-the-art life detection and biohazard testing of the returned martian samples will be conducted. Life detection, as defined here in regard to Mars sample return missions, is the detection of living organisms and/or materials that have been derived from living organisms that may be present in the sample.

  7. Q-bank phytoplasma database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Contaldo, Nicoletta; Bertaccini, Assunta; Nicolaisen, Mogens

    2014-01-01

    The setting of the Q-Bank database free available on line for quarantine phytoplasma and also for general phytoplasma identification is described. The tool was developed in the frame of the EU-FP7 project Qbol and is linked with a new project Q-collect in order to made widely available the identi......The setting of the Q-Bank database free available on line for quarantine phytoplasma and also for general phytoplasma identification is described. The tool was developed in the frame of the EU-FP7 project Qbol and is linked with a new project Q-collect in order to made widely available...

  8. Inhalation Toxicity Of Single Materials and Mixtures. Phase 4. Thirteen-Week Inhalation Toxicity Study With Aerosol Mixtures of Fog Oil and Graphite Particles in F344/N Male Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-07-14

    randomization, two animals were selected from the excess stock for quarantine sacrifice. These animals were bled and sera sent for a standard rat virus ...I00 GROUP GRAPHjTE PBL3 w9C ReC NGS MCT NCV MCH NCHC PLT mg/rn mg/rn Post-Exp 1 0 0 men 8.44 9.12 16.16 44.90 49.23 17.73 36.01 781.70 sd 1.48 0.42...from the excess stock for quarantine sacrifice. These animals will be bled for a standard rat virus profile (Microbiological Associates, Rockville

  9. 76 FR 9978 - South American Cactus Moth; Territorial and Import Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... American cactus moth has been discovered in other parts of Florida, as well as in Alabama, Georgia..., encouraging the growth of other plants in degraded areas. In addition, many species of birds, mammals... Service (APHIS) established regulations quarantining the States of Alabama, Florida, Georgia,...

  10. MERS-coronavirus: From discovery to intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Widagdo; N. Okba (Nisreen); V. Stalin Raj; B.L. Haagmans (Bart)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractMiddle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) still causes outbreaks despite public awareness and implementation of health care measures, such as rapid viral diagnosis and patient quarantine. Here we describe the current epidemiological picture of MERS-CoV, focusing on humans a

  11. A Systems Approach to Mitigate Oriental Fruit Fly Risk in ‘Sharwil’ Avocados Exported From Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avocados, Persea americana Miller, grown in Hawaii cannot be exported to the United States mainland without quarantine treatment for melon fly, oriental fruit fly, and Mediterranean fruit fly. The most widely grown cultivar of avocado in Hawaii is ‘Sharwil’. ‘Sharwil’, like other avocado varieties, ...

  12. 42 CFR 71.42 - Disinfection of imports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disinfection of imports. 71.42 Section 71.42 Public... FOREIGN QUARANTINE Requirements Upon Arrival at U.S. Ports: Sanitary Inspection § 71.42 Disinfection of imports. When the cargo manifest of a carrier lists articles which may require disinfection under the...

  13. Nonhost status of mangosteen to Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera:Tephritidae) in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postharvest quarantine treatments (irradiation or vapor heat) are used to control fruit flies and other pests in mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L) exported to the United States and Japan from Thailand. No-choice tests were conducted in the laboratory to determine whether Thai mangosteen is a host f...

  14. Dermatitis and systemic mycosis in lined seahorses Hippocampus erectus associated with a marine-adapted Fusarium solani species complex pathogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    During a 4 month epizootic, 100% of 152 lined seahorses Hippocampus erectus in three separate groups died while in quarantine following shipment to a public aquarium. Twelve animals with skin depigmentation and ulceration were received by the Aquatic Pathology Service, University of Georgia, College...

  15. Capability Construction of National Rubber Quality Inspection Center Passed Acceptance of AQSIQ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pei Qi

    2012-01-01

    On August 29 and 30, National Rubber Quality Inspection Center passed acceptance of Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine. It means that this center is qualified to carry out inspection of some products and can issue the state- level authoritative quality test report formally.

  16. Sex-specific trail pheromone mediates complex mate finding behavior in Anoplophora glabripennis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelli Hoover; Melody Keena; Maya Nehme; Shifa Wang; Peter Meng; Aijun. Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Anoplophora glabripennis (Motsch.) is a polyphagous member of the Cerambycidae, and is considered, worldwide, to be one of the most serious quarantine pests of deciduous trees. We isolated four chemicals from the trail of A. glabripennis virgin and mated females that were not present in trails of mature males. These compounds were...

  17. Not to be sneezed at. On the possibility of justifying infectious disease control by appealing to a mid-level harm principle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krom, A.

    2014-01-01

    To protect population health against infection risks it may be necessary to restrict the liberty of individuals, e.g. by mandating quarantine or by imposing work restrictions. This study examines whether common measures in infectious disease control – including restrictions of liberty – can be moral

  18. A Structure-Activity Analysis of the Variation in Oxime Efficacy Against Nerve Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    quarantined upon arrival and screened for evidence of disease for a minimum of 5 days. Animals were allowed free access to food and water before...Koleckar, V., Marek , J., 2008. Potency of novel oximes to reactivate sarin inhibited human cholinesterases. Drug Chem. Toxicol. 31, 1–9. Kadner, S.S

  19. Estudio comparativo de la eficacia terapéutica de oxitetraciclina, imidocarb y diminazeno, utilizados en el tratamiento de hemoparasitosis en equinos pura sangre de carrera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Comerma Steffensen, Simon Gabriel; Arrieta-Mendoza, D.; Morales, A

    2012-01-01

    It presents a comparative study of the therapeutic efficacy of oxytetracycline, imidocarb and diminaze- ne, used in the treatment of equine hemoparasitosis Thoroughbreds. We studied a total of 105 horses, Tho- roughbreds, all under 2 years old, during the quarantine period November to December 20...

  20. 42 CFR 70.9 - Vaccination clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Vaccination clinics. 70.9 Section 70.9 Public... INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.9 Vaccination clinics. (a) The Director may establish vaccination clinics, through contract or otherwise, authorized to administer vaccines and/or other prophylaxis. (b) A vaccination...

  1. Q-bank phytoplasma database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Contaldo, Nicoletta; Bertaccini, Assunta; Nicolaisen, Mogens

    2014-01-01

    The setting of the Q-Bank database free available on line for quarantine phytoplasma and also for general phytoplasma identification is described. The tool was developed in the frame of the EU-FP7 project Qbol and is linked with a new project Q-collect in order to made widely available...

  2. A computer program for fast and easy typing of partial endoglucanase gene sequence into phylotypes and sequevars 1&2 (select agents) of Ralstonia solanacearum

    Science.gov (United States)

    The phytopathogen Ralstonia solanacearum is a species complex that contains a subset of strains that are quarantined or select agent pathogens. An unidentified R. solanacearum strain is considered a select agent in the US until proven otherwise, which can be done by phylogenetic analysis of a partia...

  3. 42 CFR 71.54 - Etiological agents, hosts, and vectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Etiological agents, hosts, and vectors. 71.54..., INSPECTION, LICENSING FOREIGN QUARANTINE Importations § 71.54 Etiological agents, hosts, and vectors. (a) A... any arthropod or other animal host or vector of human disease, or any exotic living arthropod or...

  4. 7 CFR 319.56-32 - Peppers from New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Peppers from New Zealand. 319.56-32 Section 319.56-32... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-32 Peppers from New Zealand. Peppers (fruit) (Capsicum spp.) from New Zealand may be imported into the...

  5. Susceptibility of Trogoderma granarium (Everts) to residual insecticides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trogoderma granarium (Everts), (khapra beetle), is one of the most destructive stored product insect worldwide. Most countries either have or are adopting quarantine restrictions on this insect. Increasing interceptions of this insect by the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant He...

  6. A rapid, sensitive and cost-efficient assay to estimate viability of potato cyst nematodes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsen, van den S.J.J.; Ave, M.; Schoenmakers, N.; Landeweert, R.; Bakker, J.; Helder, J.

    2012-01-01

    Potato cyst nematodes (PCN) are quarantine organisms, and they belong to the economically most relevant pathogens of potato worldwide. Methodologies to assess the viability of their cysts which can contain 200-500 eggs protected by the hardened cuticle of a dead female, are either time and labor int

  7. 78 FR 70530 - Notice of Determination; New and Revised Treatments for the Imported Fire Ant Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Program AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: We are advising... quarantine and cooperating with imported fire ant-infested States to mitigate the risks associated with the... intended to prevent the imported fire ant from spreading throughout its ecological range within the country...

  8. 76 FR 75518 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13. Comments regarding (a) whether the... the introduction of quarantine pests: Phytosanitary Certificate (foreign) with Declaration, Records of... from Israel into the United States while continuing to provide protection against the introduction of...

  9. A study of psychrophilic organisms isolated from the manufacture and assembly areas of spacecraft to be used in the Viking mission, 1 January - 30 June 1973

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, T. L.; Winans, L., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    Soil samples from the areas associated with the Viking spacecraft were analyzed for major generic groups of microorganisms and the percentage of obligate psychrophiles. Results are presented which show the distribution of organisms isolated at low temperatures and the methods employed for subjecting samples to simulated Martian conditions. Emphasis is placed on application of these results to the objectives of the quarantine program.

  10. 19 CFR 122.1 - General definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Secretary of Health and Human Services as a place for quarantine inspection. (f) Landing rights airport. A... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General definitions. 122.1 Section 122.1 Customs... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS General Definitions and Provisions § 122.1 General definitions. The following...

  11. Stream Monitoring for Detection of Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon Tanoak Forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    W. Sutton; E. M. Hansen; P. W. Reeser; A. Kanaskie

    2009-01-01

    Stream monitoring using leaf baits for early detection of Phytophthora ramorum has been an important part of the Oregon Sudden Oak Death (SOD) program since 2002. Sixty-four streams in and near the Oregon quarantine area in the southwest corner of the state were monitored in 2008. Leaves of rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum...

  12. Response of light brown apple moth to oxygenated phosphine fumigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    The light brown apple moth (LBAM), Epiphyas postvittana (Walker), poses a serious threat to California agriculture and is currently quarantined by several major trading partners. Fumigation is the only tool to assure pest-free postharvest vegetable and fruit products. However, current fumigants for ...

  13. The 34th World Standards Day Symposium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ TO celebrate the 34th World Standards Day, of which the theme is "Global Standards for the Global Information Society" this year, a symposium was jointly held in Beijing on Oct 14th, 2003 by General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R.C.

  14. 7 CFR 301.75-5 - Commercial citrus-producing areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commercial citrus-producing areas. 301.75-5 Section 301.75-5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus Canker Notice of...

  15. 7 CFR 301.75-16 - Payments for the recovery of lost production income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Citrus... income. Subject to the availability of appropriated funds, the owner of a commercial citrus grove may be... production that was lost as the result of the removal of commercial citrus trees to control citrus canker....

  16. 7 CFR 319.56-41 - Citrus from Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Citrus from Peru. 319.56-41 Section 319.56-41 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-41...

  17. Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    viral hemorrhagic fevers ( Lassa , Marburg, Ebola, Crimean-Congo, South American, and others not yet isolated or named); severe acute respiratory...to a Presidential Executive Order.16 The relevant executive order lists cholera; diphtheria; infectious tuberculosis; plague; smallpox; yellow fever ...travelers for obvious signs and symptoms of quarantinable and communicable diseases, such as (1) fever , which could be detected by a flushed

  18. The USDA Forest Service-RMRS forest fungi collection: Resource for fungal identification, developing biological controls, predicting invasive pathogens, and predicting potential impacts of climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sara M. Ashiglar; John W. Hanna; Amy L. Ross-Davis; Ned B. Klopfenstein

    2014-01-01

    The Moscow Forestry Sciences Laboratory of the Rocky Mountain Research Station (RMRS) has a unique collection of forest/tree-associated fungi with over 15,000 living specimens. Based in Moscow, ID, this USDA APHIS-PPQ (Plant Protection and Quarantine) containment facility houses fungal archives from approximately 35 states and 30 countries. The collection involves the...

  19. 78 FR 24738 - Ethylene Oxide; Receipt of Application for Emergency Exemption, Solicitation of Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... AGENCY Ethylene Oxide; Receipt of Application for Emergency Exemption, Solicitation of Public Comment... Service (APHIS) to use the pesticide ethylene oxide (CAS No. 75-21-8) to sterilize the interior surfaces... APHIS has requested the EPA Administrator to issue a quarantine exemption for the use of ethylene oxide...

  20. Large-scale confirmatory tests of a phytosanitary irradiation treatment against Sternochetus frigidus (F.) in Philippine mango

    Science.gov (United States)

    The mango pulp weevil, Sternochetus frigidus (F.) is an important quarantine pest preventing the export of mangoes from the Philippines to the United States and other countries. Previously, a radiation dose of 100 Gy was proposed for phytosanitary treatment of S. frigidus based on dose-response stud...

  1. Sharka epidemiology and worldwide management strategies: learning lessons to optimize disease control in perennial plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Many plant epidemics that cause major economic losses cannot be controlled with pesticides. Among them, sharka epidemics severely affect prunus trees worldwide. Its causal agent, Plum pox virus (PPV;, genus Potyvirus), has been classified as a quarantine pathogen in numerous countries. As a result, ...

  2. 42 CFR Appendix D to Part 75 - Standards for Accreditation of Educational Programs for Nuclear Medicine Technologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... courses in the following areas: (1) Human anatomy and physiology; (2) Physics; (3) Mathematics; (4..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING STANDARDS FOR THE ACCREDITATION OF... of an integrated program in nuclear medicine technology (i.e., two to four years). E....

  3. One fungus, one name promotes progressive plant pathology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wingfield, M.J.; Beer, de Z.W.; Slippers, B.; Wingfield, B.D.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Lombard, L.; Crous, P.W.

    2012-01-01

    The robust and reliable identification of fungi underpins virtually every element of plant pathology, from disease diagnosis to studies of biology, management/control, quarantine and, even more recently, comparative genomics. Most plant diseases are caused by fungi, typically pleomorphic organisms,

  4. One fungus, one name promotes progressive plant pathology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wingfield, M.J.; De Beer, Z.W.; Slippers, B.; Wingfield, B.D.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Lombard, L.; Crous, P.W.

    2011-01-01

    The robust and reliable identification of fungi underpins virtually every element of plant pathology, from disease diagnosis to studies of biology, management/control, quarantine and, even more recently, comparative genomics. Most plant diseases are caused by fungi, typically pleomorphic organisms,

  5. 7 CFR 319.73-2 - Products prohibited importation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... used for unroasted coffee. (b) Due to the risk of Mediterranean fruit fly and other injurious insects... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Coffee § 319.73-2 Products prohibited importation. (a) To prevent the spread of the coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) and...

  6. Gene transcription analysis during interaction between potato and Ralstonia solanacearum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, G.C.; Jin, L.P.; Wang, X.W.; Xie, K.Y.; Yang, Y.; Vossen, van der E.A.G.; Huang, S.W.; Qu, D.Y.

    2010-01-01

    Bacterial wilt (BW) caused by Ralstonia solanacearum (Rs) is an important quarantine disease that spreads worldwide and infects hundreds of plant species. The BW defense response of potato is a complicated continuous process, which involves transcription of a battery of genes. The molecular mechanis

  7. Development of a lateral flow immunoassay for rapid field detection of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, is an aggressive, highly invasive pest ant species from South America that has been introduced into North America, Asia and Australia. Quarantine efforts have been imposed in the United States to minimize the spread of the ant. There remains an acute ...

  8. Real-time PCR detection of Puccinia chrysanthemi causing brown rust of chrysanthemum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungi responsible for rust diseases are among the most challenging organisms to identify, as many identification keys are based on host identity. In the U.S., numerous rust fungi are quarantine-significant plant pathogens. As such, accurate identification is crucial to prevent the inadvertent introd...

  9. Transmission rate of African swine fever virus under experimental conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carvalho Ferreira, de H.C.; Backer, J.A.; Weesendorp, E.; Klinkenberg, D.; Stegeman, J.A.; Loeffen, W.L.A.

    2013-01-01

    African swine fever (ASF) is a highly lethal, viral disease of swine. No vaccine is available, so controlling an ASF outbreak is highly dependent on zoosanitary measures, such as stamping out infected herds and quarantining of affected areas. Information on ASF transmission parameters could allow

  10. 77 FR 48506 - CPSC Safety Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ...: ``F963 Toy Standards''; ``Testing-Mandatory Testing, Component Parts Testing, Certificates of Conformity... Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine (AQSIQ) of the People's Republic of China has also been invited to... panelists, we expect to limit each panel session to no more than five panelists. Therefore, the final number...

  11. Biology and host range of Heterapoderopsis bicallosicollis; a potential biological control agent for Chinese tallow Triadica sebifera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinese tallow, Triadica sebifera, is an invasive weed that infests natural and agricultural areas of the southeastern USA. A candidate for biological control of Chinese tallow has been studied under quarantine conditions. The biology and host range of a primitive leaf feeding beetle, Heterapoderops...

  12. 9 CFR 93.204 - Import permits for poultry and for poultry test specimens for diagnostic purposes; and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Import permits for poultry and for poultry test specimens for diagnostic purposes; and reservation fees for space at quarantine facilities... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND...

  13. Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals a low nucleotide diversity of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-06-17

    Jun 17, 2009 ... 3Technical Center for Inspection and Quarantine, Beijing Entry-Exit Inspection ... differentiation related to geographical distribution in C. japonica ... gene sequences of C. japonica in China to assess nucleotide ... Map of China with locations from which Caligula japonica was sampled indicated a black dot.

  14. To build an energy-saving society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ To speed up the development of cycling economy and build an energy-saving society is the key point of work in the coming years for the General Administration of Qualitv Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China(AQSIQ).

  15. Gene-for-gene relationships between strawberry and the causal agent of red stele root rot, Phytophthora fragariae var. fragariae.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weg, van de W.E.

    1997-01-01

    Red stele (red core) root rot is the major soil-borne disease of strawberries (Fragaria spp.) in many areas with cool, moist soil conditions. It is caused by the soil-borne fungus Phytophthora fragariae var. fragariae. Red stele is a quarantine disease in Europe with a zero tolerance for commercial

  16. Bats and SARS

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2006-11-08

    Bats are a natural reservoir for emerging viruses, among them henipaviruses and rabies virus variants. Dr. Nina Marano, Chief, Geographic Medicine and Health Promotion Branch, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, CDC, explains connection between horseshoe bats and SARS coronavirus transmission.  Created: 11/8/2006 by Emerging Infectious Diseases.   Date Released: 11/17/2006.

  17. Screening for new sources of resistance to Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Cmm) in tomato

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sen, Y.; Zhu, F.; Vandenbroucke, H.; Wolf, van der J.M.; Visser, R.G.F.; Heusden, van A.W.

    2013-01-01

    Bacterial canker of tomato, caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Cmm), is considered the most serious bacterial threat, resulting in high damages in production areas. Worldwide, Cmm is subjected to quarantine regulations.There is no cultivar in market containing Cmm resistance

  18. New Standard--Criteria for Performance Excellence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Foreword The national standard is proposed by Department of Quality Management, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China (AQSIQ). The national standard is under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Quality Management and Quality Assurance of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 151).

  19. Do Frogs Get Their Kicks on Route 66? Continental U.S. Transect Reveals Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    signs of disease)? Materials and Methods Ethics Statement This research was conducted under IACUC number 3-24-2008 issued by Indiana State University... Zoo , San Diego, California, USA. 65. Johnson ML, Speare R (2003) Survival of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in water: quarantine and disease control

  20. Stream monitoring for detection of Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    W. Sutton; E.M. Hansen; P. Reeser; A. Kanaskie

    2008-01-01

    Stream monitoring using leaf baits for early detection of P. ramorum is an important part of the Oregon sudden oak death program. About 50 streams in and near the Oregon quarantine area in the southwest corner of the state are currently monitored. Rhododendron and tanoak leaf baits in mesh bags are exchanged every two weeks throughout the year....

  1. Diversity and transboundary mobility of serotype O foot-and-mouth disease virus in East Africa: Implications for vaccination policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balinda, Sheila; Sangula, Abraham; Heller, Rasmus;

    2010-01-01

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus serotype O has been responsible for most reported outbreaks of the disease in East Africa. A sustained campaign for the past 40 years to control FMD mainly by vaccination, combined with quarantine and zoosanitary measures has been undertaken with limited success...

  2. President Nixon welcomes the Apollo 11 astronauts aboard the U.S.S. Hornet

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    President Richard M. Nixon welcomes the Apollo 11 astronauts aboard the U.S.S. Hornet. Already confined to the Mobile Quarantine Facility are (left to right) Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, command module pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., lunar module pilot.

  3. Gamma irradiation dose: Effects on spinach baby-leaf ascorbic acid, carotenoids, folate, alpha-tocopherol, and phylloquinone concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionizing radiation of fruits and vegetables, in the form of gamma rays or electron beams, is effective in overcoming quarantine barriers in trade, decontamination, disinfestation and prolonging shelf life, but a void of information persists on ionizing radiation effects of vitamin profiles in indivi...

  4. The Japan disaster and U.S. hay exports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quarantine control of Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say), by agricultural systems used to produce export quality hay for the Japan market was studied in the laboratory and field. Survival of Hessian fly puparia was evaluated under simulated seasonal weather conditions in incubators, regional o...

  5. 7 CFR 319.41-5 - Condition of entry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Indian Corn or Maize, Broomcorn, and Related... § 319.41-1 is conditioned on their freedom from the European corn borer and other injurious insects and... subject to sterilization unless their manufacture involves the substantial elimination of stems or...

  6. First results with a lab-on-a-chip system for a fast Phytophthora diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonja Horatzek; Stephan König; Stefan Wagner; Sabine Werres; Lydia Schwenkbier; Karina Weber; Jörg. Weber

    2013-01-01

    For Phytophthora spp. that are quarantine or regulated organisms, highly specific and sensitive diagnostic tools are recommended for surveys and monitoring. Furthermore, these diagnostic techniques should give results within a short time and should be not be too expensive. The techniques currently used for routine diagnosis of ...

  7. WEEKLY WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    OPINION Green Buildings The standards to assess "green buildings," or energy-efficient buildings, jointly formulated by the Ministry of Construction and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, came into effect in early June, signaling that more and more Chinese will be housed in energy-saving buildings.

  8. Eavesdropping on coconut rhinoceros beetles, red palm weevils, Asian longhorned beetles, and other invasive travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    As global trade increases, invasive insects inflict increasing economic damage to agriculture and urban landscapes in the United States yearly, despite a sophisticated array of interception methods and quarantine programs designed to exclude their entry. Insects that are hidden inside soil, wood, or...

  9. Anaerobic disinfestation of tare soils contaminated with Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 and Globodera pallida.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Overbeek, van L.S.; Runia, W.T.; Kastelein, P.; Molendijk, L.P.G.

    2014-01-01

    Tare soil is soil attached to harvested products like potato tubers. Tare soil becomes a considerable waste stream after storage, washing and processing of harvested products. There is a high risk on contamination of tare soils with (quarantine) phytopathogens, because of import of harvested product

  10. 7 CFR 319.8-1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... smut disease, or other injurious plant diseases or insect pests. (The verb contaminate shall be... Quarantine Programs for destroying infestations or infections of insect pests or plant diseases, such as... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE...

  11. 75 FR 31412 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ... of Agriculture (USDA) is responsible for preventing plant diseases or insect pests from entering the... a currently valid OMB control number. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Title: Imported... eradicating those imported pests when eradication is feasible. The Plant Quarantine Act and the Federal Plant...

  12. 7 CFR 319.59-1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... disease caused by the fungus Tilletia indica (Mitra) Mundkur. Plant. Any plant (including any plant part... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Wheat Diseases § 319.59-1 Definitions. Administrator...

  13. Are apple and hawthorn fruit volatiles more attractive than ammonium carbonate to Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Washington state?

    Science.gov (United States)

    The apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh), is an introduced, quarantine pest of apple (Malus domestica Borkhausen) in the Pacific Northwest of the U.S. In the eastern U.S. where the fly is native, fruit volatiles have been reported to be more attractive than ammonia compounds to R. pomonel...

  14. Predicting Behavioral Suites From Genetic Profiles: Variation in Mating, Aggression & Exploration in Pouched Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-22

    others. 50 animals arrived from Tanzania in January 2013. The animals were quarantined, tested for Monkey pox (though a collaboration with the...Inc. is developing the Rugged Automated Training (RAT) system, a cost-effective, rugged, automated environment to train and deploy small animals to

  15. Biology of Leptoypha hospita (Hemiptera: Tingidae), a Potential Biological Control Agent of Chinese Privet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanzhuo Zhang; James L. Hanula; Scott Horn; Kristine Braman; Jianghua Sun

    2011-01-01

    The biology of Leptoypha hospita Drake et Poor (Hemiptera: Tingidae), a potential biological control agent from China for Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense Lour., was studied in quarantine in the United States. Both nymphs and adults feed on Chinese privet mesophyll cells that lead to a bleached appearance of leaves and dieback of branch tips. L. hospita has five...

  16. 76 FR 13972 - Notice of Availability of a Pest Risk Analysis for the Importation of Fresh Papaya Fruit From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... Importation of Fresh Papaya Fruit From Malaysia Into the Continental United States AGENCY: Animal and Plant... of fresh papaya (Carica papaya) fruit from Malaysia into the continental United States. Based on our... organization of the exporting country, and have been found free of one or more specific quarantine pests...

  17. 75 FR 34419 - Notice of Revision and Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Citrus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... canker is a plant disease that affects plant and plant parts, including fresh fruit of citrus and citrus... Information Collection; Citrus Canker; Interstate Movement of Regulated Nursery Stock and Fruit from... nursery stock and fruit from quarantined areas to prevent the spread of citrus canker and to request...

  18. 42 CFR 71.53 - Nonhuman primates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nonhuman primates. 71.53 Section 71.53 Public... FOREIGN QUARANTINE Importations § 71.53 Nonhuman primates. (a) Definitions. As used in this section the... nonhuman primates from a foreign country within a period of 31 days, beginning with the importation...

  19. 7 CFR 319.69-5 - Types of soil authorized for packing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Types of soil authorized for packing. 319.69-5 Section... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Packing Materials Rules and Regulations § 319.69-5 Types of soil authorized for packing. The following types of soil or earth...

  20. Host range of Caloptilia triadicae (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae): an adventive herbivore of Chinese tallowtree (Malpighiales: Euphorbiaceae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    In its native range the invasive weed, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa is host to a suite of herbivores. One, Strepsicrates sp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) was collected in China in 2014, introduced under quarantine in Florida, USA and tested against related species to determine its host range and suitability ...

  1. Phytosanitary irradiation of Diatraea saccharalis, D. grandiosella, and Eoreuma loftini (Lepidoptera: Crambinae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phytosanitary irradiation (PI) is increasingly being used to disinfest horticultural commodities of invasive quarantine pests. Most disinfestation is done with generic treatments, where one dose is scheduled for a group of pests and/or commodities. The current generic treatment that USDA-APHIS uses...

  2. 76 FR 68057 - Importation of French Beans and Runner Beans From the Republic of Kenya Into the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... risk assessment and a risk management document, not only identifies 10 quarantine pests that could...;This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents #0;having general applicability and... the Superintendent of Documents. #0;Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER...

  3. 76 FR 52543 - European Larch Canker; Expansion of Regulated Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... Areas AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Interim rule and request for comments. SUMMARY: We are amending the domestic quarantine regulations to expand the regulated area for European larch canker to include additional areas in Maine. We are also correcting some...

  4. The development of a validated real-time (TaqMan) PCR for detection of Stagonosporopsis andigena and S. crystalliniformis in infected leaves of potato and tomato

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gruyter, de J.; Gent-Pelzer, van M.P.E.; Woudenberg, J.H.C.; Rijswick, van P.C.J.; Meekes, E.T.M.; Crous, P.W.; Bonants, P.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    Stagonosporopsis andigena and S. crystalliniformis are serious foliage pathogens on potato (Solanum tuberosum) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). As both species have been recorded only in the Andes area, S. andigena is listed as an A1 quarantine organism in Europe. The actin region of isolates of

  5. The Wire and Cable Industry will Usher in a Consolidation Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>According to spot check data released recently by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ),the percent of pass of widely used PVC, cross-linked polyethylene and PVC soft cable is merely 88.4%, far below that of other major

  6. An outbreak of Plesimonus Shigelloides in Zebrafish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plesiomonas shigelloides is a flagellated, gram-negative rod that is an emergent pathogen associated with human gastroenteritis. Recently, we experienced a disease outbreak in zebrafish that were obtained from a commercial source. Fourteen days after being held at 27°C in our flow-through quarantine...

  7. 7 CFR 319.8-20 - Importations by the Department of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Importations by the Department of Agriculture. 319.8-20 Section 319.8-20 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Foreign Cotton and...

  8. 7 CFR 318.47-4 - Shipments by the Department of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Shipments by the Department of Agriculture. 318.47-4 Section 318.47-4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE OF HAWAII AND TERRITORIES QUARANTINE NOTICES...

  9. 7 CFR 318.13-12 - Movement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Movement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 318.13-12 Section 318.13-12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE OF HAWAII AND TERRITORIES QUARANTINE...

  10. 19 CFR 12.24 - Regulations of the Department of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Regulations of the Department of Agriculture. 12... Feeding Materials § 12.24 Regulations of the Department of Agriculture. (a) The importation into the... and quarantine regulations of the Department of Agriculture, Customs officers and employees are...

  11. Effects of soil type, management type and soil amendments on the survival of the potato brown rot bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Messiha, N.A.S.; Bruggen, van A.H.C.; Franz, E.; Janse, J.D.; Schoeman-Weerdesteijn, M.E.; Termorshuizen, A.J.; Diepeningen, van A.D.

    2009-01-01

    Potato brown rot disease (Ralstonia solanacearum) is a serious economic problem in Egypt, partly due to an European Union requirement that potatoes for export to the EU should be grown in so-called pest free area's (PFA's), where fields are tested and infested fields are put under quarantine measure

  12. Biological and Cultural Control of Olive Fruit Fly in California---Utilization of Parasitoids from USDA-APHIS-PPQ, Guatemala

    Science.gov (United States)

    The parasitoid Psytallia cf. concolor (Szépligeti) was reared on sterile Mediterranean fruit fly larvae at the USDA-APHIS-PPQ, Petapa Quarantine Laboratory in Guatemala and shipped to the USDA-ARS, Parlier, for wide-spread release and biological control of olive fruit fly in California. As many as 3...

  13. 7 CFR 318.13-23 - Cut flowers from Hawaii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cut flowers from Hawaii. 318.13-23 Section 318.13-23... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE OF HAWAII AND TERRITORIES QUARANTINE NOTICES Regulated Articles From Hawaii and the Territories § 318.13-23 Cut flowers from Hawaii. (a) Except for cut blooms and leis...

  14. 中国将实行内外产品统一认证%Unified authentication for Chinese and overseas products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ The system of China's inconsistent authentication for Chinese and overseas products has come to an end. The State Bureau of Quality Supervision and Quarantine and the State Authentication and Authorisation Supervision Administrative Commission officially issued related law and regulation documents on the compulsory unified authentication for products in December 2001. The system has been put into effect starting from May 1, 2002.

  15. First Report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in Tomato in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Botermans, M.; Verhoeven, J.Th.J.; Jansen, C.C.C.; Roenhorst, J.W.; Stijger, C.C.M.M.; Pham, K.T.K.

    2009-01-01

    Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is an economically important virus with tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) as its main host. The virus is widely distributed in subtropical areas and is transmitted by the tobacco whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) in a persistent manner. TYLCV has a quarantine status

  16. Phytosanitary irradiation in ports of entry: A practical solution for developing countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    The advantages of using ionizing irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment have been demonstrated commercially in the past two decades and several countries currently use the technology for commercial treatments to meet plant quarantine requirements. Although many countries have expressed interest in...

  17. Export of commercial 'Hass' avocados from Argentina poses negligible risk of ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) infestation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quarantine restrictions due to the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), prevent Argentina from exporting avocados, Persea americana Miller, cv. Hass, to certain countries. Hass avocado at the hard, mature green stage is potentially a conditional nonhost for C. capitata, which cou...

  18. 78 FR 79634 - Importation of Fresh Blueberry Fruit From Morocco Into the Continental United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-31

    ... a combination of mitigation measures for two quarantine pests, Ceratitis capitata and Monilinia... importation of blueberries: Ceratitis capitata, the Meditterranean fruit fly, and Monilinia fructigena Honey...: Ceratitis capitata, the Mediterranean fruit fly, and the fungus Monilinia fructigena Honey ex Whetzel. (a...

  19. 78 FR 58993 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Phytophthora Ramorum...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... Collection; Phytophthora Ramorum; Quarantine and Regulations AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection... Phytophthora ramorum. DATES: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before November 25, 2013... of regulated articles to prevent the spread of Phytophthora ramorum, contact Dr. Prakash K....

  20. First report of the EU1 clonal lineage of Phytophthora ramorum on tanoak in an Oregon forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Initially reported in California as the causal agent of sudden oak death (SOD), efforts to limit spread of Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon natural forests have concentrated on quarantine regulations and eradication of the pathogen from infested areas. P. ramorum has four clonal lineages NA1, NA2, EU1...

  1. Potato cyst nematodes: pests of national importance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potato cyst nematodes (PCN; G. rostochiensis and G. pallida) are internationally-recognized quarantine pests and considered the most devastating pests of potatoes due to annual worldwide yield losses estimated at 12.2%. PCNs continue to spread throughout North America and were recently detected in I...

  2. A new chorismate mutase gene identified from Globodera ellingtonae and its utility as a molecular diagnostic marker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Globodera ellingtonae, a new cyst nematode species recently detected in Oregon and confirmed of reproduction on potato, shares key morphological features with the two species of potato cyst nematode (PCN; G. rostochiensis and G. pallida) of quarantine concern. Currently no methods are available for ...

  3. Characterization of resistance to Globodera rostochiensis pathotype Ro1 in cultivated and wild potato species accessions from the Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potato cyst nematodes (PCN) in Russia are represented by only Globodera rostochiensis pathotype Ro1. It is a quarantine pathogen with losses in yield in susceptible cultivars which can reach 50-90%. The aims of our study were to verify the species and pathotype composition of natural PCN populations...

  4. 76 FR 77475 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... permits and compliance agreements to prevent the spread of PCN and to ensure that regulated articles can be moved safely from the quarantined area without spreading PCN. If APHIS did not collect this information, the spread of PCN in the United States could result in a loss of domestic or foreign markets...

  5. A Pest of Importance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potato cyst nematodes (PCN), G. rostochiensis and G. pallida, are internationally-recognized quarantine pests and considered the most devastating pests of potatoes worldwide. PCNs continue to spread throughout North America and were recently detected in Idaho (G. pallida) and Quebec and Alberta, Can...

  6. 7 CFR 352.4 - Documentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Documentation. 352.4 Section 352.4 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PLANT QUARANTINE SAFEGUARD REGULATIONS § 352.4 Documentation. (a) Manifest... for examination a complete manifest or other documentation from which the inspector may...

  7. 77 FR 47591 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Plant Protection and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-09

    ... customer perception in relationship to customer requirements. PHP has determined that the best method for... is approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), PHP would allow stakeholders and customers... Collection; Plant Protection and Quarantine Stakeholder/Customer Satisfaction Survey AGENCY: Animal and...

  8. Measures for Administration of the Import of Mechanical and Electronic Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The Measures for the Administration of the Import of Mechanical and Electronic Products co-formulated by the Ministry of Commerce,the General Administration of Customs and the General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine,was hereby promul-gated,which entered into force as of May 1,2008.

  9. Implementation of CATTS treatment using boxed/palletized peaches and nectarines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forced hot air combined with a controlled atmosphere consisting of 1% oxygen and 15% carbon dioxide (CATTS) has been previously shown to be an effective quarantine treatment that does not adversely affect stone fruit quality. Although prior work with CATTS treatment has utilized bulk treatments in ...

  10. Transmission rate of African swine fever virus under experimental conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carvalho Ferreira, de H.C.; Backer, J.A.; Weesendorp, E.; Klinkenberg, D.; Stegeman, J.A.; Loeffen, W.L.A.

    2013-01-01

    African swine fever (ASF) is a highly lethal, viral disease of swine. No vaccine is available, so controlling an ASF outbreak is highly dependent on zoosanitary measures, such as stamping out infected herds and quarantining of affected areas. Information on ASF transmission parameters could allow fo

  11. 7 CFR 301.86-2 - Regulated articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Regulated articles. 301.86-2 Section 301.86-2... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pale Cyst Nematode § 301.86-2 Regulated articles. The following are regulated articles: (a) Pale cyst nematodes.2 2 Permit and other...

  12. Release and establishment of Encarsia diaspidicola (Hymenoptera: Aphelididae) against white peach scale in papaya

    Science.gov (United States)

    White peach scale, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Hemiptera:Diaspididae) is a serious economic pest of papaya, Carica papaya L. The parasitic wasp Encarsia diaspidicola (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) was brought from Samoa into a quarantine containment facility in Hawaii for evaluation and potential release...

  13. DNA barcoding as an identification tool for selected EU-regulated plant pests: an international collaborative test performance study among 14 laboratories

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonants, P.J.M.; Vossenberg, van de B.T.L.H.; Westenberg, M.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the database Q-bank (www.q-bank.eu). This freely accessible database contains data on plant pathogenic quarantine organisms to allow fast and reliable identification. Development of accurate identification tools for plant pests is vital to support European Plant Health Policies.

  14. USDA compendium of fruit fly host information (CoFFHI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background: Tephritid fruit flies are serious agricultural pests. Knowledge of the host status of different fruits and vegetables is needed in support of the development of systems approaches to permit crop exports as well as to readily permit quarantine regulatory officials to check on the risk of...

  15. Destruction of methyl bromide sorbed to activated carbon by thiosulfate and electrolysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Methyl bromide is widely used as a fumigant for post-harvest and quarantine uses at port facilities due to the low treatment times required, but it is vented to the atmosphere after its use. Due to the potential contributions of methyl bromide to stratospheric ozone depletion, technologies for the c...

  16. 7 CFR 319.56-5 - Pest-free areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pest-free areas. 319.56-5 Section 319.56-5 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-5 Pest-free areas. As... provided that the fruits or vegetables originate from an area that is free of a specific pest or pests....

  17. 7 CFR 319.73-3 - Conditions for transit movement of certain products through Puerto Rico or Hawaii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Coffee § 319.73-3 Conditions for transit movement of certain products through Puerto Rico or Hawaii. (a) Mail. Samples of unroasted coffee that are transiting Hawaii or Puerto Rico en...

  18. 7 CFR 319.73-4 - Costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Costs. 319.73-4 Section 319.73-4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Coffee § 319.73-4 Costs. All costs of...

  19. 7 CFR 319.73-1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Coffee § 319.73-1 Definitions. Administrator. The Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, or...

  20. 7 CFR 319.56-11 - Importation of dried, cured, or processed fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-11 Importation of dried, cured, or processed fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes. (a) Dried, cured, or processed fruits and vegetables (except frozen fruits and... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Importation of dried, cured, or processed fruits...

  1. 7 CFR 319.56-12 - Importation of frozen fruits and vegetables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Importation of frozen fruits and vegetables. 319.56-12... HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-12 Importation of frozen fruits and vegetables. Frozen fruits and vegetables may be imported...

  2. Aerosol transmission of foot-and-mouth disease virus Asia-1 under experimental conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Colenutt, C.; Gonzales, J.L.; Paton, D.J.; Gloster, J.; Nelson, N.; Sanders, C.

    2016-01-01

    Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) control measures rely on understanding of virus transmission mechanisms. Direct contact between naïve and infected animals or spread by contaminated fomites is prevented by quarantines and rigorous decontamination procedures during outbreaks. Transmission of

  3. First report of seed-borne cherry leaf roll virus in wild potato, Solanum acaule, from South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    A virus, designated JCM-79, was isolated from wild potato (Solanum acaule Bitt.) plants grown from true seed received at USDA-APHIS Potato Quarantine Program from Peru. JCM-79 was mechanically transmissible to Nicotiana clevelandii, N.tabacum cv. Samsun NN, and Chenopodium quinoa. Symptoms in the ...

  4. AQSIQ Publishes China Annual Report on Technical Barriers to Trade (2007)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On September 11, 2007, Qi Xiufen, Director of the International Department of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China (AQSIQ), published the China Annual Report on Technical Barriers to Trade.Wang Nini, Director of the Standard, Law and Regulation Center of AQSIQ, gave a detailed explanation of the contents of the report.

  5. Quality of Chinese Export Toys Is Trustworthy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On September 4th, 2007, AQSIQ and the Press Office of the State Council invited 13 media representatives from countries such as America, Britain, France, Japan, Canada, Singapore to visit the Technical Center Toy Laboratory of Guangdong Entry-exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Zhentai (China) Industrial Limited Company and Guangdong Xinboxing Toys Limited Company.

  6. Plum orchards can remain Plum pox virus free for the life of the orchard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plum pox virus (PPV), the cause of sharka disease, is a quarantine virus pathogen that can cause devastating losses mainly to plum. Estimated costs associated with sharka management worldwide in the last 30 years exceeded 10 billion Euros. To prevent the spread of PPV, we suggest three requirement...

  7. Detection and identification of Phytophthora fragariae Hickman by the polymerase chain reaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonants, P.; Hagenaar-de Weerdt, M.; Gent-Pelzer, van M.; Lacourt, I.; Cooke, D.; Duncan, J.

    1997-01-01

    Phytophthora fragariae Hickman, which causes strawberry red stele and raspberry root rot, is a quarantine organism for which specific and sensitive detection methods are required to test the health of planting material. Sequences of the internal transcribed spacer regions of the ribosomal gene

  8. AQSIQ Sends Working Groups to Implement the Spirit of National Quality Working Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On August 1st, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) convened a conference to transmit the spirit of national quality work and study an important speech regarding standards from Wen Jiabao,Premier of the State Council.

  9. Two New Standards Further Enhanced the Authenticity of Food Labels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Recently, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the Standardization Administration of China approved and promulgated two compulsory national standards: the General Principles for the Labeling of Prepackaged Foods and the General Principles for the Labeling of Prepackaged Foods for Special Dietary Uses. These two standards will come into force from October 1, 2005.

  10. Metabolic consequences of infection of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. "Modra frankinja" with flavescence dorée phytoplasma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prezelj, Nina; Covington, Elizabeth; Roitsch, Thomas Georg

    2016-01-01

    Flavescence dorée, caused by the quarantine phytoplasma FDp, represents the most devastating of the grapevine yellows diseases in Europe. In an integrated study we have explored the FDp-grapevine interaction in infected grapevines of cv. "Modra frankinja" under natural conditions in the vineyard....

  11. First Report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in Tomato in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Botermans, M.; Verhoeven, J.Th.J.; Jansen, C.C.C.; Roenhorst, J.W.; Stijger, C.C.M.M.; Pham, K.T.K.

    2009-01-01

    Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is an economically important virus with tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) as its main host. The virus is widely distributed in subtropical areas and is transmitted by the tobacco whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) in a persistent manner. TYLCV has a quarantine status (IIA

  12. Quality of fresh-cut 'Kent' mango slices prepared from hot water or non hot water treated fruit

    Science.gov (United States)

    A quarantine heat treatment consisting of exposure to 46°C water for 65 to 110 minutes (depending on cultivar and fruit size) is mandated by USDA-APHIS for all mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) entering the United States. Heat treatments may affect ripening processes and induce resistance to chilling in...

  13. Evaluating the Impact of Training: A Collection of Federal Agency Evaluation Practices. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salinger, Ruth; Roberts, Cynthia

    The purpose of this publication on agency training evaluation practices is to share approaches used by federal agencies to assess needs and measure training effectiveness. Emphasis is placed on the process of evaluation. Names of the agencies and highlights of the examples used by each follow: (1) Plant Protection and Quarantine (Department of…

  14. 78 FR 36507 - Notice of Availability of a Treatment Evaluation Document; Methyl Bromide Fumigation of Blueberries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Notice of Availability of a Treatment Evaluation Document... to immediately add to the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual an additional treatment... fly. We have prepared a treatment evaluation document that describes the new treatment schedule and...

  15. Problems with implementing the recall system and influences over the auto industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> On March 15, the State General Administration for Quality Supervision and Inspection and Quarantine issued its Regulations on Recall of Defective Automobile Products and will put it into implementation on Oct 1. The Administration issued four detailed rules to support the Regulations.

  16. 9 CFR 73.8 - Cattle infected or exposed during transit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cattle infected or exposed during... SCABIES IN CATTLE § 73.8 Cattle infected or exposed during transit. (a) Healthy cattle from unquarantined State exposed en route. Should healthy cattle in transit from a State not quarantined by the...

  17. 42 CFR 71.52 - Turtles, tortoises, and terrapins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. 71.52 Section 71..., INSPECTION, LICENSING FOREIGN QUARANTINE Importations § 71.52 Turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. (a) Definitions. As used in this section the term: Turtles includes all animals commonly known as...

  18. Deck Yourself with Flu Protection Song

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-12-22

    This song (sung to the tune of Deck the Halls) describes actions you can take to protect yourself and others from the flu. Sing along!  Created: 12/22/2009 by National Center for Preparedness, Detection, and Control of Infectious Diseases (NCPDCID), Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ).   Date Released: 12/22/2009.

  19. 76 FR 65935 - Brucellosis in Swine; Add Texas to List of Validated Brucellosis-Free States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ... contagious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. The disease mainly affects cattle, bison, and... conditions, including arthritis. Humans can be treated for brucellosis with antibiotics. In an interim rule.... List of Subjects in 9 CFR Part 78 Animal diseases, Bison, Cattle, Hogs, Quarantine, Reporting...

  20. 40 CFR 166.2 - Types of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: specific, quarantine, public health, and crisis exemptions. (a) Specific exemption. A specific exemption... territories. (c) Public health exemption. A public health exemption may be authorized in an emergency condition to control a pest that will cause a significant risk to human health. (d) Crisis exemption....