Sample records for pyelitis

  1. Emphysematous pyelitis

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    Onur Karsli


    Full Text Available Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare life -threatening suppurative necrotizing infection of kidney parenchyma or perirenal tissue characterized by the formation of gas. In the present case, Emphysematous pyelitis is a less common variant of emphysematous pyelonephritis and describes the conservative treatment options. The purpose of this paper is to show that a serious condition with emphysematous pyelitis may regress with aggressive medical therapy. [Cukurova Med J 2016; 41(0.100: 63-65

  2. Encrusted pyelitis of native kidneys. (United States)

    Hertig, A; Duvic, C; Chretien, Y; Jungers, P; Grünfeld, J P; Rieu, P


    This study reports the first four cases of encrusted pyelitis involving native kidneys. The clinical features, management, and outcome of these patients were analyzed. Predisposing factors were underlying urologic disease and/or urologic manipulations, debilitating diseases, hospitalization, and prolonged antibiotic therapies. Presenting symptoms were renal failure in three patients with ureteroileal urinary diversion and manifestations of cystitis in one patient. Computed tomography scan of the urinary tract was critical for diagnosis. Presence of struvite was demonstrated by crystalluria and infrared spectrophotometry analysis of the encrusted material. Corynebacterium urealyticum urinary infection was identified in one case. Surgery (one patient) and palliative ureteral diversion (one patient), respectively, led to death and end-stage renal failure. Successful dissolution of encrusted pyelitis was obtained in two patients treated with intravenous vancomycin and local acidification of the renal collecting system. Clinical observation shows that encrusted pyelitis is a threatening disorder that destroys the native kidneys and may lead to end-stage renal failure. Successful treatment of the disease by chemolysis and antibiotics depends on correct and early diagnosis. Diagnosis required recognition of the predisposing factors, computed tomography imaging of the urinary tract, crystalluria, and identification of urea-splitting bacteria with prolonged culture on selective medium.

  3. Encrusted Uretero-pyelitis: Case Report

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    Romain Saljoghi


    Full Text Available Encrusted uretero-pyelitis is a rare and serious disease, related to the presence of calcifications in the pelvicalyceal system and ureter, associated with chronic urinary tract infection. In most cases, the causal agent of this infection lithiasis is corynebacterium urealyticum. The specific aspect of calcifications on CT scan can help to suggest diagnosis. To avoid a delay in diagnosis (which is frequent, an accurate exploration by the bacteriologist is crucial. The combination of a glycopeptides antibiotherapy and urine acidification has proved its effectiveness, as described in the medical literature. We report the case of a 77-year-old male patient, successfully treated for a bilateral encrusted uretero-pyelitis by local acidification (Thomas's solution followed by oral acidification (ammonium chloride.

  4. Urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    970374 The relationship between chronic pyelitis andcytomegalovirus infection: a primary study. LI Na(李娜), et al. 81021st Milit Hosp, Changchun,130021. Chin J Med Lab Sci 1997; 20(1): 26-27. Objective: To research the relationship betweenchronic pyelitis and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.

  5. Pregnancy outcome of a patient following myomectomy performed during first trimester for red degeneration of fibroid

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    Asma Habib


    Full Text Available Pain due to red degeneration of fibroid during pregnancy is usually associated with large myomas. Necrobiosis / red degeneration typically manifests itself about midpregnancy when Lhe leiomyoma suddenly becomes acutely painful, enlarged and tender. The common differential diagnosis of this condition are torsion of the pedicle of an ovarian cyst/a leiomyoma, abruplion placentae, acute pyelitis or any abdominal catastrophe. Ultrasound can easily delineate the presence of myomas of mixed echogenicity along with pregnancy and clinical findings usually suggest the diagnosis of pregnancy complicated by red degeneration of fibroid. The acute pain usually subsides within 3-10 days of conservative treatment. Only refractory cases (2% of patients may demand surgical intervention in early gestation with the known risk of miscarriage. Here we report a pregnancy managed at 13 weeks by myomectomy for red degeneration. The patient ultimately delivered a healthy female child at 38 weeks by lower segment caesarean section.

  6. Emphysematous prostatitis in renal transplant

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    Krishnaswamy Sampathkumar


    Full Text Available Urinary tract infections are common following renal transplant. The spectrum varies from asymptomatic bacteriuria to septicemia. Gas-producing infections of the urinary tract are rare but tend to have a grave prognosis when they do occur. We report a 57-year-old gentleman who underwent a renal transplant 20 months earlier. He presented to us with fever and dysuria. Clinical examination revealed a febrile and ill-looking patient with severe graft tenderness. An emergency pelvic CT scan revealed presence of emphysematous prostatitis, cystitis and pyelitis. Urine and blood cultures grew E. coli . Endoscopic abscess drainage was done and antibiotics given but he succumbed to his illness due to multiorgan failure within 48h. This is the first reported case of emphysematous prostatitis in a renal allograft recipient.

  7. Vesicoureteral reflux in adults studied by computerized radionuclide cystography

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    Kinn, A.C.; Jacobsson, H.; Schnell, P.O. (Depts. of Urology Diagnostic Radiology and Hospital Physics, Karolinska Sjukhuset, Stockholm (Sweden))


    Direct radionuclide cystography in a computerized method as described by Willi and Treves was used in adults with recurrent pyelites but without evidence of obstruction. Reflux was observed in 15 out of 38 patients. In patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction or megaureters, reflux began early during the bladder filling and attained higher volumes than in those with uncomplicated pyelitis, who has minor reflux appearing mainly during voiding. Bladder capacity and detrusor compliance were lower in patients with reflux than in those without reflux. The low radiation exposure in radionuclide cystography permits observation of the urodynamic course of urinary reflux and correlation to the intravesical volume and pressure. The method is sensitive, and minorl refluxed volumes can be detected. Radionuclide cystrography can therefore be recommended for checking or surgical results and for follow-up of patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. (au).

  8. Two Cases of Endogenous Endophthalmitis Caused by Gram-Positive Bacteria with Good Visual Outcome

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    Machiko Itoh


    Full Text Available Background: Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare disease and its visual prognosis is poor. Case Reports: We present two patients, a 60-year-old man and a 53-year-old man, who developed endogenous endophthalmitis caused byGram-positive organismsbut recovered good vision after antibiotics and vitrectomy. Results: The first patient complained of ocular pain and visual decrease in his right eye. Ophthalmoscopy showed inflammation in the anterior chamber and vitreous opacities. Antibiotic was administrated systemically, and blood culture detected Streptococcus anginosus. He underwent successful heart surgery for endocarditis and total dental extraction for severe gingivitis. Vitrectomy was performed 36 days after the onset and vision improved from 0.02 to 0.7. The second patient was referred for acute visual decrease in his left eye. Severe iritis and vitreous opacities were observed, and systemic examination showed acute pyelitis and prostatic abscesses. Blood cultures detected Staphylococcus sp., and systemic antibiotics were given. Vitrectomy was performed 12 days after the onset, and vision improved from 0.06 to 1.2. Conclusions: We conclude that the rapid treatment with systemic antibiotics for the organisms at the primary site, and the vitrectomy, even though delayed, can lead to a good recovery of vision.

  9. Histological changes in kidney and liver of rats due to gold (III compound [Au(enCl(2]Cl.

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    Ayesha Ahmed

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Development of novel metallodrugs with enhanced anti-proliferative potential and reduced toxicity has become the prime focus of the evolving medicinal chemistry. In this regards, gold (III complexes with various ligands are being extensively investigated. In the current study renal and hepatic toxicity of a newly developed gold (III compound [Au(enCl(2]Cl was assessed by histopathological evaluation of liver and kidney specimens of rats exposed to the compound. METHODS: Male rats (n = 42 weighing 200-250 gram were injected single, varying doses of gold (III compound [(dichlorido(ethylenediamineaurate((III]chloride [Au(enCl(2]Cl in the acute toxicity component of the study. In the sub-acute toxicity part, a dose of 32.2 mg/kg (equivalent to 1/10 of LD50 was administered intraperitoneally for 14 consecutive days before sacrificing the animals. After autopsy, the renal and hepatic tissues were preserved in buffered formalin. Processing of the samples was followed by histopathological evaluation. The results were compared with the normal controls (n = 11. RESULTS: A dose of 32.2 mg/kg (1/10 of LD(50 revealed no renal tubular necrosis. The predominant histopathological finding was mild pyelitis, a prominence of eosinophils and mild congestion. The hepatic lesions comprised varying extents of ballooning degeneration with accompanying congestion and focal portal inflammation. CONCLUSION: Gold (III compound [Au(enCl(2]Cl causes minimal histological changes in kidney and liver of rats, reflecting its relative safety as compared to other clinically established antineoplastic drugs.

  10. Genitourinary schistosomiasis: life cycle and radiologic-pathologic findings. (United States)

    Shebel, Haytham M; Elsayes, Khaled M; Abou El Atta, Heba M; Elguindy, Yehia M; El-Diasty, Tarek A


    Genitourinary schistosomiasis is produced by Schistosoma haematobium, a species of fluke that is endemic to Africa and the Middle East, and causes substantial morbidity and mortality in those regions. It also may be seen elsewhere, as a result of travel or immigration. S haematobium, one of the five fluke species that account for most human cases of schistosomiasis, is the only species that infects the genitourinary system, where it may lead to a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms and signs. In the early stages, it primarily involves the bladder and ureters; later, the kidneys and genital organs are involved. It rarely infects the colon or lungs. A definitive diagnosis of genitourinary schistosomiasis is based on findings of parasite ova at microscopic urinalysis. Clinical manifestations and radiologic imaging features also may be suggestive of the disease, even at an early stage: Hematuria, dysuria, and hemospermia, early clinical signs of an established S haematobium infection, appear within 3 months after infection. At imaging, fine ureteral calcifications that appear as a line or parallel lines on abdominopelvic radiographs and as a circular pattern on axial images from computed tomography (CT) are considered pathognomonic of early-stage schistosomiasis. Ureteritis, pyelitis, and cystitis cystica, conditions that are characterized by air bubble-like filling defects representing ova deposited in the ureter, kidney, and bladder, respectively, may be seen at intravenous urography, intravenous ureteropyelography, and CT urography. Coarse calcification, fibrosis, and strictures are signs of chronic or late-stage schistosomiasis. Such changes may be especially severe in the bladder, creating a predisposition to squamous cell carcinoma. Genital involvement, which occurs more often in men than in women, predominantly affects the prostate and seminal vesicles.

  11. Computed tomography findings associated with bacteremia in adult patients with a urinary tract infection. (United States)

    Yu, T Y; Kim, H R; Hwang, K E; Lee, J-M; Cho, J H; Lee, J H


    The use of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) has rapidly increased recently at acute stage, but the CT findings associated with bacteremia in UTI patients are unknown. 189 UTI patients were enrolled who underwent a CT scan within 24 h after hospital admission. We classified CT findings into eight types: a focal or multifocal wedge-shaped area of hypoperfusion, enlarged kidneys, perinephric fat stranding, ureteritis or pyelitis, complicated renal cyst, renal papillary necrosis, hydronephrosis, and renal and perirenal abscess. A retrospective analysis was conducted to evaluate the CT findings associated with bacteremia. The mean age of these patients was 60 ± 17.2 years, and 93.1 % were women. Concurrent bacteremia was noted in 40.2 % of the patients. Abnormal CT findings were noted in 96.3 % of the patients and 62.4 % had two or more abnormal findings. The most frequent abnormal CT finding was a focal or multifocal wedge-shaped area of hypoperfusion (77.2 %), followed by perinephric fat stranding (29.1 %). Perinephric fat stranding, hydronephrosis, and the presence of two or more abnormal CT findings were significantly associated with bacteremia in patients with community-acquired UTI. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, age [odds ratio (OR) 1.03; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.009-1.062], two or more abnormal CT findings (OR 3.163; 95 % CI 1.334-7.498), and hydronephrosis (OR 13.160; 95 % CI 1.048-165.282) were significantly associated with bacteremia. Physicians should be aware that appropriate early management is necessary to prevent fatality in patients with these CT findings.

  12. Treatment of ureteral obstruction by holmium: YAG laser endoureterotomy: a report of 18 cases%输尿管镜钬激光内切开术治疗输尿管梗阻

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    付宜鸣; 倪少滨; 陈起引; 赵忠山; 任明华; 麻立; 焦治兴


    Objective To investigate the clinical value and safety of holmium: YAG laser endoureterotomy in the treatment of ureteral obstruction. Methods Holmium: YAG laser endoureterotomy, with the laser optic fiber 550 μm in diameter and the output power of 3.5 Watt, via ureteroscopy, was performed on 18 patients ureteral obstruction, 8 males and 10 females, aged 52.1 (34 -67), 11 with the stricture in the upper segment (complete obstruction in 4 cases), 5 in the middle segment, and 2 in lower segment ; and 6 cases complicated with ureteral calculus. Postoperatively, an orthopedic ureteral stent ( a 6-Fr double-J ureteral stent with a movable 5 cm length 9-Fr orthopedic cannula) was remained indwelling for 3 -6 months. Follow-up was conducted for 10.7 (2-14) months. Results The operative duration was 32 (25 -70 ) minutes. One patient underwent failed endoureterntomy and was turned to percutaneous nephroscopy. Success was achieved in 16 patients. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of these affected kidneys increased from 16.4 ± 6.9 ml/min ante-operatively to 24.9 ± 8.2 ml/min (P<0.01) postoperatively. One kidney was resected because of non-function, with GFR of 2 ml/min and intractable pyelitis. No recurrence of ureteral stricture was observed. Conclusion Holmium: YAG laser endoureterotomy with insertion of orthopedic ureteral stent is an efficient and safe treatment for ureteral strictures with minimal invasion, less complications and easy recovery. This operation should be performed with a thorough preparation and severely restricted indication.%目的 探讨输尿管镜钬激光内切开术治疗输尿管狭窄的疗效及安全性.方法 回顾性分析18例采用输尿管镜钬激光治疗的输尿管梗阻患者的临床资料.输尿管狭窄位于上段11例(其中完全闭锁4例)、中段5例、下段2例,输尿管狭窄合并结石6例,采用输尿管镜钬激光(550 μm激光光纤,输出功率35 W)内切开术治疗,术后留置矫形输尿管支架,3~6