WorldWideScience

Sample records for publications internet site

  1. 22 CFR 181.9 - Internet Web site publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Internet Web site publication. 181.9 Section 181.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS COORDINATION, REPORTING AND... international agreement proposed to be published in the compilation entitled “United States Treaties and Other...

  2. The Internet and Public Participation: State Legislature Web Sites and the Many Definitions of Interactivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferber, Paul; Foltz, Franz; Pugliese, Rudy

    2005-01-01

    The interactive nature of the Internet is seen by some as a technological innovation that might boost participation in politics and civic affairs. That potential, however, is clouded by imprecise definitions of interactivity found among scholars and practitioners alike. Evaluation of state legislature Web sites found them to not be very…

  3. Internet sites of public utilities. Customers wish for interactive access; Die Internetauftritte der Versorger. Kunden wuenschen interaktive Anbindung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knechtel, Karsten [Process Management Consulting GmbH, Muenchen (Germany)

    2010-11-15

    Electric and gas utilities all have internet sites for private customers. Many of them provide interactive access to all relevant services for both regular and interested new customers. To the end users, innovative aspects of energy supply in the deregulated market are currently of increasing interest. A recent industry barometer shows the extent to which utilities have installed interactive integration of both their current and prospective private customers in their business processes. Especially multimedia criteria are gaining increasing importance. (orig.)

  4. The Importance of California Public Libraries in Increasing Public Access to the Internet: Findings from the InFoPeople Site Visits. Stage II Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Ryan, Joe

    In less than five years, the California State Library-sponsored InFoPeople project connected 46% of California's public libraries to the Internet and established a highly regarded, sustained training program to assist librarians in taking advantage of the new networked resources and services. The primary objective of this Stage II report was to…

  5. The Internet And The Public Sphere

    OpenAIRE

    Kürşat, Fide; Özad, Bahire Efe

    2005-01-01

    Habermas (1989) proposes a ‘public sphere’, a setting where people talk freely on the public issues. In his early works, Habermas was rather pessimistic about the provision of the public sphere; however, soon after the introduction of the Internet as an ultimately decentralized medium, in his later work, Habermas (1996) seems more optimistic about the Internet as the provider of the ‘public sphere’. The Internet which is particularly popular among the young people, not only pro...

  6. Internet sex and dating sites need warnings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenore, Peter L

    2006-01-01

    For this issue's Commentary column, Peter L. Tenore, MD, discusses risk for infection with HIV or acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases associated with the use of the Internet to find sexual partners and presents results of an informal survey to determine whether Internet sites used to find sexual partners provide warnings about sexually transmitted diseases and HIV. He also calls for the operators of such sites to add warnings to their sites.

  7. Victorian Public Libraries and the Internet: Results and Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    This study collected Victorian (Australia) public library and public library user Internet connectivity data that: provides a baseline measure of public library Internet connectivity; describes public library type and level of Internet connectivity; details public library branch Internet connectivity; reviews the costs of public library Internet…

  8. 40 CFR 1400.5 - Internet access to certain off-site consequence analysis data elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Internet access to certain off-site... DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Public Access § 1400.5 Internet access to certain off... elements in the risk management plan database available on the Internet: (a) The concentration of...

  9. Application to an Internet site in radiation protection; Application d`un site Internet en radioprotection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gambini, D.J.; Baum, T.P.; Spector, M.; Elgard, M.C.; Mechaly, Y.; Grainer, R.; Barritault, L. [Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Hopital Laennec, Paris (France)

    1997-12-31

    Training specialists in medical radiation protection is ensured by the Continuous Training Center of University Rene Descartes since 1990. The necessity of updating knowledge has urged us to develop an Internet site (http://www.citi2.fr/RADIO). Besides the mandatory functions of the educational management (secretariat, information on the stages, registrations, etc.) this site provides: 1. Practical information (addresses of administrative and technical organisms, presentation of radiation protection programs); 2. Scientific information (bibliographic bulletin of the EDF service of radiation protection, updated every two months, description of recent radiation protection works); 3. Institutional documentation (analysis of recent basic texts, ICRP publications, European directives). The interrogation of general interest asked via e-mail and forum allowing communication between experts, graduated students and the education faculty will be available on the site. The communication will be augmented by tele-formation modules for continuous distant training

  10. Internet applications, sites, trends and happenings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Raitt

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This column aims to draw your attention to various interesting Web sites that I have come across and that may appeal to you. It also aims to keep you up to date with news and views on Internet trends, developments and statistics. It offers essentially a personal selection rather than comprehensive coverage.

  11. Assessment and revision of clinical pharmacy practice internet web sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Krystal L; Salvo, Marissa C; Ward, Kristina E; Attridge, Russell T; Kiser, Katie; Pinner, Nathan A; Gallegos, Patrick J; Kesteloot, Lori Lynn; Hylton, Ann; Bookstaver, P Brandon

    2014-02-01

    Health care professionals, trainees, and patients use the Internet extensively. Editable Web sites may contain inaccurate, incomplete, and/or outdated information that may mislead the public's perception of the topic. To evaluate the editable, online descriptions of clinical pharmacy and pharmacist and attempt to improve their accuracy. The authors identified key areas within clinical pharmacy to evaluate for accuracy and appropriateness on the Internet. Current descriptions that were reviewed on public domain Web sites included: (1) clinical pharmacy and the clinical pharmacist, (2) pharmacy education, (3) clinical pharmacy and development and provision for reimbursement, (4) clinical pharmacists and advanced specialty certifications/training opportunities, (5) pharmacists and advocacy, and (6) clinical pharmacists and interdisciplinary/interprofessional content. The authors assessed each content area to determine accuracy and prioritized the need for updating, when applicable, to achieve consistency in descriptions and relevancy. The authors found that Wikipedia, a public domain that allows users to update, was consistently the most common Web site produced in search results. The authors' evaluation resulted in the creation or revision of 14 Wikipedia Web pages. However, rejection of 3 proposed newly created Web pages affected the authors' ability to address identified content areas with deficiencies and/or inaccuracies. Through assessing and updating editable Web sites, the authors strengthened the online representation of clinical pharmacy in a clear, cohesive, and accurate manner. However, ongoing assessments of the Internet are continually needed to ensure accuracy and appropriateness.

  12. The Internet as Public Sphere: A Zimbabwean Case Study

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    2012-03-06

    Mar 6, 2012 ... development of a virtual counter-public sphere. The Internet has ..... Mthwakazi community has no physical reality as it exists only on the Internet ... articulate and sustain a 'grand' and 'dominant' narrative through the teaching.

  13. The Policy Implications of Internet Connectivity in Public Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, Paul T.; Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Langa, Lesley A.

    2006-01-01

    The provision of public Internet access and related networked services by public libraries is affected by a number of information policy issues. This article analyzes the policy dimensions of Internet connectivity in public libraries in light of the data and findings from a national survey of public libraries conducted by the authors of this…

  14. Public health, GIS, and the internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croner, Charles M

    2003-01-01

    Internet access and use of georeferenced public health information for GIS application will be an important and exciting development for the nation's Department of Health and Human Services and other health agencies in this new millennium. Technological progress toward public health geospatial data integration, analysis, and visualization of space-time events using the Web portends eventual robust use of GIS by public health and other sectors of the economy. Increasing Web resources from distributed spatial data portals and global geospatial libraries, and a growing suite of Web integration tools, will provide new opportunities to advance disease surveillance, control, and prevention, and insure public access and community empowerment in public health decision making. Emerging supercomputing, data mining, compression, and transmission technologies will play increasingly critical roles in national emergency, catastrophic planning and response, and risk management. Web-enabled public health GIS will be guided by Federal Geographic Data Committee spatial metadata, OpenGIS Web interoperability, and GML/XML geospatial Web content standards. Public health will become a responsive and integral part of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure.

  15. [Excessive Internet use and Internet addiction: emerging public health issues.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coniglio, Maria Anna; Muni, Viviana; Giammanco, Giuseppe; Pignato, Sarina

    2007-01-01

    A survey was performed among students of various faculties at the University of Catania (Italy) to examine the health effects of excessive Internet use and behaviour patterns of Internet dependency. Three hundred students were recruited through a non probabilistic quota sampling method and were asked to complete a questionnaire aimed at identifying attitudes and behaviours regarding Internet use, and the psychological and physical consequences of excessive use of the Internet. The most relevant findings that emerged from student responses regard: emotional dependency on the Internet (5% of students believe that Internet facilitates social relationships, 4% experiences euphoric feelings or excitement while on-line, 1% consider the Internet as a way of escaping from real life), the excessive amount of time spent on-line (8%) and the inability to end an on-line session(8%), lying to family members to conceal the nature of involvement with the Internet (3%), giving up sports (2%) or meals (1%), the negative impact on school grades (3%), lack of sleep (4%), and physical health problems such as backache (2%), arm or wrist pain (2%), vision disturbances (6%).

  16. The Impacts of Free Public Internet Access on Public Library Patrons and Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Jaeger, Paul T.

    2008-01-01

    Public libraries have evolved into a primary source of Internet access in many communities, generating wide-ranging impacts in the communities that public libraries serve. Based on the findings of the 2007 Public Libraries and the Internet study, this article examines the ways in which the Internet access delivered by public libraries affects…

  17. The Impacts of Free Public Internet Access on Public Library Patrons and Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Jaeger, Paul T.

    2008-01-01

    Public libraries have evolved into a primary source of Internet access in many communities, generating wide-ranging impacts in the communities that public libraries serve. Based on the findings of the 2007 Public Libraries and the Internet study, this article examines the ways in which the Internet access delivered by public libraries affects…

  18. Drugs on the Internet, part II: antidepressant medication web sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Melissa; Montagne, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Antidepressant medications have been the fastest growing category of use of pharmaceutical products over the past decade. Selected Internet web sites providing information on antidepressant medications were identified and assessed using code of conduct criteria for posting health information on the Internet as developed by the Health on the Internet Foundation. Thirteen representative web sites were evaluated. Degree of compliance with each of the eight criterion varied by site, though all 13 sites met the criterion for legality of content and conduct on their web site. WebMD and FamilyDoctor.org met most of the criteria, while pharmaceutical company sites tended to meet the fewest criteria.

  19. Selling the Internet: A Cultural Studies Approach to Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickey, Thomas J.

    1998-01-01

    Examines the ideology of Internet public relations. Takes a cultural studies approach to modern public relations, using public relations material as representation. Presents a case study of the MassNetworks Education Partnership, which was set up in 1996 to ensure that the Internet gets into the classroom. (PA)

  20. Internet Clubs in Cultural Centers and Public Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Batouch

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A Study about the internet clubs in Cultural Centers and Public Libraries in Algeria, it defines the concept of culture and its relation to internet, then deals the internet clubs and its cultural role and its negatives. Finally, talks about the electronic space and culture in Algeria.

  1. Scientific Publications and the Internet - Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heller WD

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Internet is a potent medium for the global distribution and retrieval of information in all areas of life. We already profit from this opportunity and will do so even more when the Internet will be developed further. But there is another side to all this: The fact that unchecked information is available to an almost unlimited extent also carries dangers with it particularly when it is given the semblance of being based on scientific evidence. For the publication of scientific knowledge, an efficient control system has matured and proved successful over many years: peer review. The Internet is not the only medium to dodge this system, but the Internet is certainly the cheapest, fastest, most widespread and therefore the most efficient (and probably dangerous way to do so. A recent example is Arpad Pusztai's claim in the press and on television programmes in Great Britain that genetically modified (GM potatoes may stunt the growth of rats. His ‘findings', although not published in a peer-reviewed journal, were welcomed and exploited by lobby groups and triggered widespread concern over the issue of GM food. A year later the paper was published in The Lancet accompanied by a critical commentary (A. Pusztai: Lancet 354 (1999 1314-1315. One benefit of the publication in this prestigious journal certainly was that Pusztai had to retract his original claims because the data simply do not support them (N. Loder: Nature 401 (1999 731.A similar case, we believe, is the Internet publication of July 14, 1999, on the website of ‘Action on Smoking and Health’ (ASH entitled ‘Tobacco Additives - Cigarette Engineering and Nicotine Addiction', authored by C. Bates, M. Jarvis and G. Connolly (http://www.ash.org.uk/papers/additives.html. In this report, the authors claim, among other things, that the cigarette industry uses pharmacologically active additives in order to influence the smoking behaviour. The scientific evidence for their claim is mainly

  2. Will the Internet Form the Public Sphere in China?

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    The Western perspective in examining the political impact of the Internet concentrates on whether this new medium will revitalize the public sphere so as to further representative democracy to ideal form of participatory democracy. This paper examines the political impact of the Internet on China, a large developing country that lacks sophisticated representative democratic politics. It analyzes the revolutionary changes that the Internet has brought to the Chinese Internet users and the gove...

  3. Studying Indiana Public Libraries' Usage of Internet Filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comer, Alberta Davis

    2005-01-01

    A lot of literature from the past few years has discussed the importance of bridging the digital divide that exists between those with Internet access and those without. Public libraries have often declared themselves to be that bridge. This article looks at how Indiana's public libraries allow the citizens they serve access to the Internet. With…

  4. Web site review. Carolinas HealthCare recognized Internet marketing potential early.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botvin, Judith D

    2005-01-01

    Since the early days of the Internet, administrators Carolinas HealthCare System in Charlotte, NC, have appreciated its potential as a marketing tool. This places a lot of expectations on the Web site, www.carolinashealthcare.org, which is managed by the marketing-public relations department. Find out how the well-established site fulfills its mission and more.

  5. The Public Core of the Internet: An international Agenda for Internet Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Broeders, Dennis

    2016-01-01

    The growth and health of our digital economies and societies depend on the core protocols and infrastructure of the Internet. This technical and logical substructure of our digital existence is now in need of protection against unwarranted interference in order to sustain the growth and the integrity of the global Internet. The Internet's key protocols and infrastructure can be considered a global public good that provides benefits to everyone in the world. Countering the growing state interf...

  6. May a Public University Restrict Faculty Expression on Its Internet World Wide Web Sites? Academic Freedom and University Facility Use Restrictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allred, Lisa R.

    1997-01-01

    Public university restriction of faculty expression on the institution's World Wide Web server is discussed based on recent Supreme Court decisions. It is proposed that in some circumstances, content-based restriction of faculty expression is permissible and will not violate the First Amendment academic freedom rights of faculty. (MSE)

  7. UTILIZATION OF INTERNET SOCIAL MEDIA SITES: STUDENTS’ PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Olivera Grljević; Zita Zita Bošnjak

    2014-01-01

    Intensive internet and social media sites usage has posed certain changes in modern business, particularly regarding relationship with customers. More successful companies have already embraced these possibilities and changes, and improved their overall business strategies. Higher Education Institutions as services providers can also benefit from internet social media sites, particularly in the field of enrollment strategy and attraction of prospective students. Analysis of user generated con...

  8. Mercosul / Internet / Bibliotecas PúblicasMercosul/Internet/Public Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plácida Leopoldina Ventura Amorim da Costa Santos

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available Os recentes avanços tecnológicos nas áreas de informática e da comunicação têm transformado o mundo e têm agregado valor à informação colocada à disposição de forma universalmente acessível. O acesso à informação é a maneira possível de construção e aplicação do conhecimento, que permite e favorece aos seres humanos uma ação para o desenvolvimento de um processo democrático que vincule o crescimento econômico ao desenvolvimento social. A evolução de uma economia global, sustentada no conhecimento, exige a criação de mecanismos fortalecedores da competência e da autoridade do profissional e das instituições provedoras da informação como, por exemplo, o desenvolvimento de um Projeto de Bibliotecas Virtuais para o Mercosul, que contemple a idéia de rede (Internet e de cidadania ativa no contexto social. A rede Internet está sendo um novo espaço público que tem como característica possibilitar a integração regional e mundial, com a vantagem do compartilhamento de recursos. As bibliotecas públicas, utilizando as novas tecnologias, de modo especial a rede Internet, poderão contribuir para a efetiva integração dos países signatários do Mercosul, ao encarar de frente os desafios da globalização. É a biblioteca o espaço público tradicional que possui como peculiaridade a internacionalização da disseminação do conhecimento, por meio da cooperação e intercâmbio da informação.

  9. Guidelines for Educational Research in Biochemistry on Internet Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Lima

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has been used to support research in different areas, such as practical and educational  research  in  medical  and  biomedical  research.  There  are  several recommended  sites  for  carrying  biomedical  and  medical  research  (BERGER,  2003. Nevertheless,  few  studies  report  on  the  use  of  the  Internet  in  the  teaching  of Biochemistry. Considering the fact that there is no specific legislation for the use of the Internet  in  Brazil,  it  is  necessary  to  stimulate  self-regulation  of  the  sector  in  order  to establish  minimum  quality  standards,  safety,  and  reliability  of  sites  containing information  in  the  educational  area.  This  study  establishes  some  parameters  to  help guiding research for educational purposes on the internet. The following aspects should be  checked:  if  the  site  has  an  editorial  board  responsible  for  content  selection,  and whether  it  is  made  up  of  experts  in  the  area  of  expertise;  if  the  site  releases  updated scientific materials, and provides pedagogical content that fosters teaching and learning such  as  images  that  contribute  to  the  understanding  of  the  content,  educational software,  and  animation;  if  the  site  is  recommended  by  universities,  public  and  private qualified  institutions.  In  addition,  educational  sites  should  present  other  aspects, including transparency (regarding their educational purpose, quality (scientifically based information,  privacy  (related  to  the  user’s  personal  data,  responsibility  and  reliable sources.  Such  procedures  are  necessary  to  guarantee  that  searching  for  educational objectives will provide access to theoretical and pedagogical information quality.

  10. Correlation between Internet a nd ICT, Web Site Development, and Internet Marketing: Perception of Marketers in Malaysia and Singapore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chai Lee Goi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to review the adoption of Internet and ICT, Web site development and Internet marketing, as well as to study the correlation between these three factors. This study also tries to study marketers’ perception in Malaysia and Singapore on the implication of the Internet and ICT on Web site development and implication of Web site development on Internet marketing. The overall of 200 samples shows that the correlation between the Internet and ICT, Web site development, and Internet marketing are positive. The analysis of each country, Malaysia and Singapore also shows that there are positive correlations for all the variables. The study proved that the Internet and ICT has a statistically significant positive impact on Web site development in Malaysia and Singapore. The study also concluded that Web site development has a statistically significant positive impact on the Internet marketing in Malaysia and Singapore.

  11. Moving toward More Effective Public Internet Access: The 1998 National Survey of Public Library Outlet Internet Connectivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    This publication reports on research conducted to follow up on a 1997 survey of public libraries and the Internet, co-sponsored by the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science and the American Library Association. The 1998 survey is based on a sample of 2,500 of the nation's 15,718 public library outlets. The survey found that…

  12. Usability Evaluation of Public Web Mapping Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, C.

    2014-04-01

    Web mapping sites are interactive maps that are accessed via Webpages. With the rapid development of Internet and Geographic Information System (GIS) field, public web mapping sites are not foreign to people. Nowadays, people use these web mapping sites for various reasons, in that increasing maps and related map services of web mapping sites are freely available for end users. Thus, increased users of web mapping sites led to more usability studies. Usability Engineering (UE), for instance, is an approach for analyzing and improving the usability of websites through examining and evaluating an interface. In this research, UE method was employed to explore usability problems of four public web mapping sites, analyze the problems quantitatively and provide guidelines for future design based on the test results. Firstly, the development progress for usability studies were described, and simultaneously several usability evaluation methods such as Usability Engineering (UE), User-Centered Design (UCD) and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) were generally introduced. Then the method and procedure of experiments for the usability test were presented in detail. In this usability evaluation experiment, four public web mapping sites (Google Maps, Bing maps, Mapquest, Yahoo Maps) were chosen as the testing websites. And 42 people, who having different GIS skills (test users or experts), gender (male or female), age and nationality, participated in this test to complete the several test tasks in different teams. The test comprised three parts: a pretest background information questionnaire, several test tasks for quantitative statistics and progress analysis, and a posttest questionnaire. The pretest and posttest questionnaires focused on gaining the verbal explanation of their actions qualitatively. And the design for test tasks targeted at gathering quantitative data for the errors and problems of the websites. Then, the results mainly from the test part were analyzed. The

  13. INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC ASSOCIATION IETF AS ACTOR OF INTERNET GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Sergeevich Shirin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is a result of research of role played by an international public associa­tion “Internet Engineering Task Force” in international Internet governance sys­tem. The object of the research is a process of construction of a system of institu­tions which coordinate development of Internet. In the article, potential of non­governmental actors in this area is assessed. The article highlights causes and possi­ble effects of IETF activities as the most highly respected nongovernmental associa­tions which try to solve one of the urgent problems of world politics – transforma­tion of an existing approach to Internet governance. IETF approach is compared with approaches of other nongovernmental organizations and public associations such as ICANN, W3C and WaSP. The conclusion is made that authority of IETF in the community of Internet projects developers enables this public association to de­fine the key characteristics of technological policy in Internet evolution. Thus, IETF is considered as one of the key actors of international system of Internet gover­nance. Also, the importance of IETF-like associations has been underestimated by governmental actors yet. This underestimation determines Russian, Chinese and Iranian attacks on ICANN. These states support a project of full internationaliza­tion of Internet governance and consider ICANN as an organization which controls the Internet for the benefit of the United States of America.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-8-28

  14. Public Libraries and the Internet, 2002: Internet Connectivity and Networked Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    This study updated statistics about public library outlet and system Internet connectivity and network services using the 1997 public library dataset produced by the National Center for Education Statistics through the Federal-State Cooperative System. Using geographic information system-based techniques, a research team at the Florida State…

  15. Everyday political talk in the internet-based public sphere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, Todd; Coleman, Stephen; Freelon, Deen

    2015-01-01

    Ever since the advent of the Internet, political communication scholars have debated its potential to facilitate and support public deliberation as a means of revitalizing and extending the public sphere. Much of the debate has focused on the medium’s potential in offering communicative spaces that

  16. Impacts of Public Access to the Internet through Pennsylvania Public Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    1997-01-01

    Presents an evaluation of the OnLine at PA Libraries (1996-97) Internet-based information services and resources project for Pennsylvania residents. The project provided a statewide demonstration to improve public library services; connect public libraries to the Internet; provide a range of new services and resources to their communities; and…

  17. UTILIZATION OF INTERNET SOCIAL MEDIA SITES: STUDENTS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivera Grljević

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Intensive internet and social media sites usage has posed certain changes in modern business, particularly regarding relationship with customers. More successful companies have already embraced these possibilities and changes, and improved their overall business strategies. Higher Education Institutions as services providers can also benefit from internet social media sites, particularly in the field of enrollment strategy and attraction of prospective students. Analysis of user generated contents on social media sites can provide the institution with the better insights on its reputation, students’ opinion, preferences, and attitudes regarding the services they provide. It could also provide better groundwork for improvement of its relationship with students. Since different user personalities engaging in social media conversations comprise variety of groups and different usage profiles, the goal of this article is to evaluate the usage of social media sites among students and to identify different user profiles among prospective students for the Faculty of Economics Subotica, Serbia.

  18. Exponential growth using the internet and your web site.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxter, Robert

    2010-02-01

    Developing a successful Internet strategy can help attract new patients and take your practice to the next level. Today, as the Internet has evolved, it is more important than ever, especially as your competitors are likely pursuing more aggressive strategies themselves. There are several important components involved, and maximizing your efforts with each can help create a comprehensive and sound strategy that achieves significant results. Behind such a strategy you will find a strong focus in many areas, including Web site development, search engine optimization, link building, content creation, blogs, video, choosing a vendor, patient conversion, Web 2.0, social networking, reputation management, and more. Understanding each of these areas, and the efforts required to tackle each effectively, can help you ensure that your own Internet strategy is functioning well and reaching its true potential. Thieme Medical Publishers.

  19. [Internet and nursing: development of a site on drug administration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, F B; Cassiani, S H; Zem-Mascarenhas, S H

    2001-01-01

    This study identified existent sites in the internet about Administration of Medications and developed and evaluated a specific site of this thematic. Of the 158 existent and available sites in the database of the Alta Vista search, 17 of these presented some relationship with pharmacology, marketing and information about drugs, technologies and rules of the medication. After that a site was developed and named The process of Administration of Medications in focus which goal was to present investigations conducted by a group about the following topics: errors, technology, complications, study group and the team. The evaluation of this site was made by 2 analyst of systems, 2 computer science technicians and 4 nursing professors and it showed that the quality of the pages, the time of answer, the link, images and content were considered between excellent and satisfactory.

  20. [Public health professionals and the Internet: usage patterns and perception].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orizio, G; Gelatti, U

    2010-01-01

    The internet has deeply changed our way to communicate, transforming society, and the world of health has been consequently influenced by this communicational revolution. Aim of the study was to investigate the web utilization and perception by the Italian health professionals, using an online questionnaire. A sample of 490 health professionals responded to the questionnaire. Almost all the responders use the internet, for work and leisure, and they are aware that this communication tool influences a lot both their knowledge and opinions. Internet is perceived as a useful and positive mean for accessing and spreading information by health professionals and health institutions, even if a worried attitude is expressed regarding to access to online health information by the general population. The broaden access to health information through the web opens new scenarios to future health systems. This evolving communication change poses to public health the challenge to get the benefits that internet can potentially generate, minimising the risks that at the same time can arise.

  1. USING SITES FROM INTERNET IN THE CHEMISTY TEACHING AND THEIR ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. P. S Azevedo

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this work is to evaluate how the use of the Internet by Chemistry teachers from the City of  Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ, is done as a helping tool in the teaching-learning process. For this purpose, contents of General Chemistry made available in web sites were examined and analyzed, throughout qualitative research, the frequency and the form Chemistry teachers from public schools of Campos of Goytacazes (RJ manage the contents made available in the Internet. The research data shows that 58% of the teachers have a frequency of individual use of the computer being connected to the Internet daily. 43% of the teachers interviewed already affirmed to have used the resource at once in classroom and 78% already declared to have found contradictions in the information they have researched in sites containing Chemistry information. However, only 38% of the teachers affirmed to check the contents found in the Internet with those made available in text books. Regarding the analyzed sites (6 sites , none of them was considered excellent taking into account reliability parameters proposed by Hung (2004, like truthfulness, objectivity, present time and authority. Therefore teachers and students should be aware of the advantages and disadvantages Internet can bring to the teaching-learning process so together they can establish necessary guidelines in order to good initial propositions regarding this process do not turn out as self-defeating.

  2. An Internet Key Exchange Protocol Based on Public Key Infrastructure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建明; 马建峰

    2004-01-01

    Internet key exchange (IKE) is an automated key exchange mechanism that is used to facilitate the transfer of IPSec security associations (SAs). Public key infrastructure (PKI) is considered as a key element for providing security to new distributed communication networks and services. In this paper, we concentrate on the properties of the protocol of Phase 1 IKE. After investigating IKE protocol and PKI technology, we combine IKE protocol and PKI and present an implementation scheme of the IKE based on PKI. Then, we give a logic analysis of the proposed protocol with the BAN-logic and discuss the security of the protocol. The result indicates that the protocol is correct and satisfies the security requirements of Internet key exchange.

  3. The Mouse SAGE Site: database of public mouse SAGE libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divina, Petr; Forejt, Jirí

    2004-01-01

    The Mouse SAGE Site is a web-based database of all available public libraries generated by the Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE) from various mouse tissues and cell lines. The database contains mouse SAGE libraries organized in a uniform way and provides web-based tools for browsing, comparing and searching SAGE data with reliable tag-to-gene identification. A modified approach based on the SAGEmap database is used for reliable tag identification. The Mouse SAGE Site is maintained on an ongoing basis at the Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and is accessible at the internet address http://mouse.biomed.cas.cz/sage/.

  4. Secure Internet Voting System based on Public Key Kerberos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussein Khalid Abd-Alrazzq

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting system is an important tool which allows voters to vote over the Internet without the geographical restrictions with considers important criteria in evaluating electronic voting schemes such as the mobility, democracy, and privacy. In this paper secure remote voting system has been presented. The proposed system uses public key Kerberos which is another form of traditional Kerberos as infrastructure deal with voters. The public key is used in all steps of Kerberos (not only in initial. The proposed system utilizes the advantages of threshold cryptography to prevent anyone to decrypt or sign the ballot alone without agreement all authorities, and use threshold blind signature to prevent discovers the vote or the identity of voter and protect the content of the ballot during casting and provide verifiable and discourages ballot buying.

  5. Public Libraries and the Internet 2000: Summary Findings and Data Tables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    This study, sponsored by the U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, sought to: (1) provide longitudinal data regarding the percentage of public libraries connected to the Internet; (2) provide longitudinal data regarding the percentage of public libraries that provide graphical public access Internet services; (3) provide…

  6. U.S. Public Library Outlet Internet Connectivity: Progress Issues and Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    1999-01-01

    Results of a national survey on public library outlet Internet connectivity reveal disparities in connectivity, public access provision, and speed of public access Internet services. Disparities have implications for future connectivity policy development like erate, state librarybased connectivity programs, and libraryinitiated connectivity…

  7. Impact of language anxiety and self-efficacy on accessing Internet sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hui-Jen; Lay, Yun-Long; Tsao, Wen-Yu; Liou, Yi-Chin; Lin, Cheng-Kun

    2007-04-01

    Language interface plays a critical role as the foundation of communication. Possessing greater fluency in the host language can lead to increased opportunities for interaction with host members. This research is to examine the impact of language and Internet usage anxiety and self-efficacy on the intended uses of Internet sites, respectively. By the same token, whether Internet/language self-efficacy would mediate the effects of Internet/language anxiety on the intention of the Internet site use is also examined. A valid sample of 368 undergraduates was tested in this study. The path analysis results mostly supported the model tested. The results display that the anxiety of language and Internet use have significantly influenced self-efficacy of Internet use and language, respectively. Anxiety about language and Internet use have also significantly influenced the intention to use Internet sites individually. Furthermore, language self-efficacy has significantly influenced the intention to use Internet sites, but Internet self-efficacy has not. The implications are discussed at the end of the paper.

  8. Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) Public Properties

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The FUDS Public GIS dataset contains point location information for the 2,709 Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) properties where the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is...

  9. Virtual microscopy and public-key cryptography for Internet telepathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, J S; Felten, C L; Okada, D H; Marchevsky, A M

    1999-01-01

    The Internet is a potentially inexpensive, widely available medium for telepathology, but there are concerns about its reliability and security. Using a digital camera, 41 photomicrographs of transbronchial biopsies, at x 100 optical magnification, were captured and digitized at 2700 x 3400 pixel, 24 bit/pixel resolution. The image files were saved in JPEG format at medium compression, attached to text files with patient information, encrypted for security in the S/MIME format using a digital signature and digital envelope, and transmitted by email. Received email files were decrypted automatically and the images viewed with standard software. Telepathology diagnoses were compared with original interpretations. The images averaged 810 kByte in size. The encryption and decryption did not cause significant delays in overall transmission time and, together with transmission, did not produce noticeable image degradation. The received image files could be viewed in a manner that simulated light microscopy. There was agreement between telepathology and original diagnoses in 92% of the cases. All the discrepancies were due to inadequate area selection because the pathological features of interest were present in histological levels other than those photographed. The use of high-resolution digital photomicrography, the Internet and public-key cryptography offers an effective and relatively inexpensive method of telepathology consultation. The method is best suited for the diagnosis of small biopsy specimens that require the transmission of only a few digital images that represent the majority of the biopsy materials.

  10. EVALUATION OF FIVE FREE MEDLINE SITES IN INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.R ZOHOUR

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Medline is one of the valuable sources of medical information on internet. Medline is an electronic index in which retrieval of about 11,000,000 documents from 4300 medical journals in 30 languages is possible and on the average 8000 documents are being added to it every week (1. Now, free access to Medline is possible in more than 50 sites (2-3. The quality of searching, strategy of searching and considered limitations in searching, and the interval of up-dating vary from site. In regard to these differences, researchers are faced with this question that which sites of Medline can provide more accurate and faster information. Among different free sites of Medline, five sites of BioMed Net, Dimidi, infotrieve, GratefulMed and Plumbed are the most famous ones (4-6. In the present study two indices of retrieval and precision that are more important in the evaluation of sites have been investigated. Retrieval is the number of searched documents a part from the relation of document with subject (3-5. As previous studies have proved the effect of searching language on retrieval and precision (3-6, in this study searching was performed by natural language and control vocabulary searching. This cross-sectional study was carried out on five famous free sites of Medline on 2000. To evaluate these sites, retrieval and precision were determined and in order to control the probable effect of searching language evaluation was done by two natural language and control vocabulary searching. 36 researchers referring to the research information in Medline were selected and each of their re-question subjects (36 subjects were searched in the five understudied sites once by the key words suggested by the researchers (natural language searching and once by the key words determined based on subject (control vocabulary searching. The period of the searching was from 1990 to 2000. In control vocabulary searching, key words of researching subject were determined by

  11. Research on Hotspot Discovery in Internet Public Opinions Based on Improved K-Means

    OpenAIRE

    Gensheng Wang

    2013-01-01

    How to discover hotspot in the Internet public opinions effectively is a hot research field for the researchers related which plays a key role for governments and corporations to find useful information from mass data in the Internet. An improved K-means algorithm for hotspot discovery in internet public opinions is presented based on the analysis of existing defects and calculation principle of original K-means algorithm. First, some new methods are designed to preprocess website texts, sele...

  12. Public Library Internet Services: Impacts on the Digital Divide. Stage I Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Charles R.; Bertot, John Carlo

    This report provides preliminary findings and a summary of study activities for Stage I of a project that examined public library Internet services that could impact the Digital Divide. The first section discusses the E-rate program and the Digital Divide, including closing the gap in the Digital Divide and public library Internet connectivity and…

  13. Problematic internet use and social networking site use among Dutch adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelenchick, Lauren A; Hawk, Skyler T; Moreno, Megan A

    2016-02-01

    Problematic Internet use (PIU), defined as Internet use that is risky, excessive, or impulsive in nature and leads to adverse life consequences, is an emerging health concern among adolescents worldwide. Social networking site (SNS) use is among the most popular and common Internet use activities for youth; however, risks of SNS use for PIU remain unexplored. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of adolescents at risk for PIU within a national school-based sample of Dutch adolescents and to explore associations between SNS use and PIU. Adolescents were recruited from six public schools in the Netherlands to complete a survey, which included SNS use questions and the Problematic and Risky Internet Use Screening Scale (PRIUSS). Logistic regression models were used to test associations between risk for PIU and demographic or SNS use variables. A total of 474 adolescents participated (98% response rate), and 11% (n=51) of adolescents were at risk for PIU. Risk for PIU was significantly associated with gender (p=0.015), increased age (p=0.034), and posting on SNS more than four times a day (p=0.003). Risk for PIU was not associated with number of SNS profiles, SNS preference or the number of online friends. Findings illustrate high risk groups for PIU includes males and older teens. Findings also illuminate that risk for PIU related to SNS was not associated with a specific SNS or number of SNSs used but was related to one's personal investment in SNSs by posting four or more times a day.

  14. Energy Efficiency and Conservation for Households - an Internet Site; Energispartips och energitester foer hushaall - en Internet hemsida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-07-01

    This Internet site gives advice for energy conservation in households e.g. on space heating, lighting et cetera. You can also find energy tests of electric appliances, energy impacts of life styles, contact information for your local energy advisor and other information

  15. Analysis of Polish internet retail sites offering electronic cigarettes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarobkiewicz, Michał Konrad; Woźniakowski, Mateusz Mariusz; Sławiński, Mirosław Aleksander; Samborski, Patryk Michał; Wawryk-Gawda, Ewelina; Jodłowska-Jędrych, Barbara

    Electronic cigarettes as possibly healthier alternative to conventional cigarettes are gaining popularity worldwide, although they are still hazardous to human health. Partly it is caused by unregulated advertising and online sales. Unfortunately it is more and more popular for youth to try electronic cigarettes. The aim of the study was to assess the marketing claims used by Polish websites offering electronic cigarettes. A search using Google search engine was performed in July 2015 for two keywords: e-papierosy [e-cigarettes] and elektroniczne papierosy [electronic cigarettes]. First 150 websites (15 pages) were listed. After initial review 86 pages met all inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Pages were searched for presence of 13 selected marketing claims as well as age-related warning and any social websites connections. Age-related warning was present on only 33.72% (n=29) websites. Two thirds has its own Facebook fan-page with average 1922.09 ± 3634.86 likes. Articles about health are available on 10.46% (n=9) websites, 53.49% (n=46) states that e-cigarettes are healthier than conventional ones, 39.53% (n=34) emphasized that during usage of e-cigarettes no tarry substances are produced. Two pages had special article in which conventional and electronic cigarettes were compared. Almost half (44.19%) remarked that e-cigarettes are cheaper in usage than conventional, one third pointed out the simplicity of usage. 32.56% advertised e-cigarettes as aid in quitting smoking. One fourth stated that e-cigarettes are harmless for surroundings. 33.72% marketed them as a way of bypassing public smoking act. 56.98% remarked the variety of liquid tastes offered. Electronic cigarettes and their rising popularity create another new possible threat for public health as the widely available information emphasize safety of e-cigarettes usage and as their availability and usage is not limited or restricted by law. electronic cigarettes, e-cigarettes, internet

  16. INTERNET BANKING: CONTENT ANALYSIS OF SELECTED INDIAN PUBLIC AND PRIV ATE SECTOR BANKS’ ONLINE PORTALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejinderpal Singh

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Advancement in technology has played an import ant role in the distribution strategy of commercial banks. Banks distribute their products and services not only through a sole channel but instead through a variety of channels such as internet banking, automated teller machines, mobile banking, phone banking, TV baking etc. Internet banking has attracted the considerable amount of interest of researchers in the recent times. Previously research studies had concentrat ed on the perception about online service quality, adoption of internet banking, impact of information technology in banking, etc. based on customers’ opinion. However, on the other side, in depth analysis of bank’s online portal without approaching the customer s may also provide meaningful insight about the online portals especially when compar ed with other banks’ online portals. The present study aims to compare the pre-login and after login features of selected banks’ online portals. For study purpose, two leading banks, one each from public and private sector were selected. A content analysis technique was used to study the listed features of selected websites. Study found that selected banks’ online portals differ on various features such as accounts information, fund transfer, online requests and general information. In the end, study suggested to include the good feature of other online portal which would help them to make their sites more secure, informative and user friendly.

  17. The Internet and Generalized Functions of the Public Sphere: Transformative Potentials From a Comparative Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Rauchfleisch

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Almost since the advent of the Internet, there has been great interest in analyzing and understanding online communication from the perspective of public sphere theory. The question of whether the properties of the Internet and, specifically, social media actually contribute to the public sphere is the matter of ongoing and somewhat heated scientific debate. The aim of the article is twofold. First, we propose a hierarchical model of generalized functions of public sphere. On a theoretical level, we interweave different strands of thought on the public sphere, and the resulting model is more inclusive and less rigid than each of those strands on their own. We identify four generalized functions: identity building, agenda-setting, control and criticism, and deliberation. The Internet does not contribute equally to these functions and we evaluate the impact of the Internet on each of these functions as a diminishing marginal utility. Second, we empirically explore the plausibility of our model in a global comparative analysis with focus on the Internet. With the help of macro-level variables which indicate the structural preconditions for a public sphere, we identify the highest possible function of the public sphere for each country to which the Internet can potentially contribute. Based on this approach, future research can be contextualized: case-study-based research can plausibly articulate expectations regarding the impact of the Internet on the public sphere.

  18. Infodemiology and infoveillance: framework for an emerging set of public health informatics methods to analyze search, communication and publication behavior on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eysenbach, Gunther

    2009-03-27

    Infodemiology can be defined as the science of distribution and determinants of information in an electronic medium, specifically the Internet, or in a population, with the ultimate aim to inform public health and public policy. Infodemiology data can be collected and analyzed in near real time. Examples for infodemiology applications include the analysis of queries from Internet search engines to predict disease outbreaks (eg. influenza), monitoring peoples' status updates on microblogs such as Twitter for syndromic surveillance, detecting and quantifying disparities in health information availability, identifying and monitoring of public health relevant publications on the Internet (eg. anti-vaccination sites, but also news articles or expert-curated outbreak reports), automated tools to measure information diffusion and knowledge translation, and tracking the effectiveness of health marketing campaigns. Moreover, analyzing how people search and navigate the Internet for health-related information, as well as how they communicate and share this information, can provide valuable insights into health-related behavior of populations. Seven years after the infodemiology concept was first introduced, this paper revisits the emerging fields of infodemiology and infoveillance and proposes an expanded framework, introducing some basic metrics such as information prevalence, concept occurrence ratios, and information incidence. The framework distinguishes supply-based applications (analyzing what is being published on the Internet, eg. on Web sites, newsgroups, blogs, microblogs and social media) from demand-based methods (search and navigation behavior), and further distinguishes passive from active infoveillance methods. Infodemiology metrics follow population health relevant events or predict them. Thus, these metrics and methods are potentially useful for public health practice and research, and should be further developed and standardized.

  19. GENRE, LANGUAGE AND STYLE OF WEB-PUBLICATIONS. ANALYSIS OF CONTENT-RELATED COMPONENT OF INTERNET-TEXTS

    OpenAIRE

    Иван Георгиевич Зубков

    2013-01-01

     “Genre” in terms of printing journalism and internet-journalism are different.They differ because the basis of internet-publication is hypertext. The characteristics of internet-publication genre are presented below.In one Internet publication traditional journalism genres such as commentary (reporting), essay and the others can be joined together. It is very difficult to find one internet-publication which is written in one genre. For example, web-commentary can be met only in Internet-copi...

  20. Internet resources for dentistry: computer, Internet, reference, and sites for enhancing personal productivity of the dental professional.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guest, G F

    2000-08-15

    At the onset of the new millennium the Internet has become the new standard means of distributing information. In the last two to three years there has been an explosion of e-commerce with hundreds of new web sites being created every minute. For most corporate entities, a web site is as essential as the phone book listing used to be. Twenty years ago technologist directed how computer-based systems were utilized. Now it is the end users of personal computers that have gained expertise and drive the functionality of software applications. The computer, initially invented for mathematical functions, has transitioned from this role to an integrated communications device that provides the portal to the digital world. The Web needs to be used by healthcare professionals, not only for professional activities, but also for instant access to information and services "just when they need it." This will facilitate the longitudinal use of information as society continues to gain better information access skills. With the demand for current "just in time" information and the standards established by Internet protocols, reference sources of information may be maintained in dynamic fashion. News services have been available through the Internet for several years, but now reference materials such as online journals and digital textbooks have become available and have the potential to change the traditional publishing industry. The pace of change should make us consider Will Rogers' advice, "It isn't good enough to be moving in the right direction. If you are not moving fast enough, you can still get run over!" The intent of this article is to complement previous articles on Internet Resources published in this journal, by presenting information about web sites that present information on computer and Internet technologies, reference materials, news information, and information that lets us improve personal productivity. Neither the author, nor the Journal endorses any of the

  1. Access and use of the Internet for health information seeking: a survey of local public health professionals in the northwest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Anne M; Petrochilos, Deanna; Nelson, David E; Allen, Eileen; Liddy, Elizabeth D

    2009-01-01

    We conducted an on-line survey of 164 local health departments' staff in five Northwestern states in 2006-2007 to assess Internet access and use by staff. Most (96%) respondents had full-time access to their own worksite computer. The most important selection criterion for selecting Web sites was credibility of the sponsoring organization (55%). Accuracy (46%), reputable source (30%), and currency of information (19%) were considered most critical for assessing information quality. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (80%) and state health department (60%) sites were used most commonly. These findings can be used to improve public health Web sites and support decision making in practice.

  2. Scholarly Electronic Full-Text Publications via the Internet: Issues and Impacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosmin, Linda J.

    1999-01-01

    subjects, since these tend to require higher pricing and carry limited sales potential. Both electronic and print publications necessitate similar editorial, production, operating, and marketing dollars. Tradeoffs owing to delivery format difference do not necessarily mean less dollars need to be spent. Authors wishing to publish books are facing a decline in the role of scholarly monographs in electronic media. However, they are witnessing increased roles of electronic preprints and electronic journal articles. Moreover, the Internet fosters self-publishing without peer monitoring or formal review. Issues challenging end-users include electronic barriers to peer-reviewed formal published works (i.e., fee-based subscriptions to journal literature vs. traditional free-library concept). This often means password only access or IP address controlled site-licensed access. Also, in an uncontrolled Internet environment, sometimes there is a blurring of publication authorship/ownership, as various pieces of publications are cut/pasted into/re-posted on various, disconnected Web searchable home pages.

  3. Drugs on the internet. I: Introduction and web sites on psychedelic drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montagne, Michael

    2008-01-01

    The Internet has greatly expanded access to information about all types of drugs. Web sites devoted to psychedelic drugs are proliferating. These sites vary considerably in terms of the quality and objectivity of information, financial support (non-profit vs. commercial), ideological stance, and the identification of creators and maintainers. Representative sites are reviewed and assessed on criteria of credibility and quality.

  4. Open Access And Openly Accessible: A Study Of Scientific Publications Shared Via The Internet

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jonathan D. Wren

    2005-01-01

    ... of the article, and to what degree open access publications are shared on non-journal websites. Design The internet was searched using an application programming interface to Google, a popular and freely available search engine...

  5. Erectile dysfunction and the internet: drug company manipulation of public and professional opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, John; Mati, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    Given that the Internet is now a major source of information regarding health and mental health problems, and that it is in the interest of the pharmaceutical industry to influence public and professional opinion, this study evaluated 70 websites about erectile dysfunction. The 31 drug company-funded websites (44%) were, compared with the 39 websites that are not industry funded, significantly more biased toward biological factors in general, and toward medication in particular (p public and professional opinion on the Internet.

  6. THE EVALUATION OF THE INTERNET USAGE HABITS OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES IN KASTAMONU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersin KAV

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Changes in the last 10 years in information technology have increased the use of computers and internet. The changes brought about fundamental changes the way we do business and behave in social life from communication and reaching information to daily habits. Effective use of the information technology, which has become the main condition of being competitive at work, has required all employees in public and private sectors to improve themselves in the computer and internet usage. In addition, the public sector also encourages the use of internet via e-government applications. Thus, the computers and internet play a big part in the work of public sector and its employees as well. The usage of computers and the internet in working places not only have changed the way we do business also have changed some ethical rules and issues. They brought some complicated problems for people, organizations and states. Online fraud, carelessness, negligence, viruses, system crashing, broadcasting personal information are among the most well-known ethical problems related to computers and internet and caused by employees. In addition to these, personal use of computers and internet by employees for their private usage during working hours create another problem. The objective of the study is to reveal the internet usage habits and behaviors of public employees at work, using a field research that was carried out in Kastamonu that is a city of north of Turkey. It is especially of interest how and for what purposes the chat programs, which encourage the use of internet, are used. The results are analyzed from the point of view of public ethics. The data is collected from the state servants in Kastamonu and is analyzed on SPSS statistic program.

  7. THE EVALUATION OF THE INTERNET USAGE HABITS OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES IN KASTAMONU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ERSIN KAVI

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Changes in the last 10 years in information technology have increased the use of computers and internet. The changes brought about fundamental changes the way we do business and behave in social life from communication and reaching information to daily habits. Effective use of the information technology, which has become the main condition of being competitive at work, has required all employees in public and private sectors to improve themselves in the computer and internet usage. In addition, the public sector also encourages the use of internet via e-government applications. Thus, the computers and internet play a big part in the work of public sector and its employees as well. The usage of computers and the internet in working places not only have changed the way we do business also have changed some ethical rules and issues. They brought some complicated problems for people, organizations and states. Online fraud, carelessness, negligence, viruses, system crashing, broadcasting personal information are among the most well-known ethical problems related to computers and internet and caused by employees. In addition to these, personal use of computers and internet by employees for their private usage during working hours create another problem. The objective of the study is to reveal the internet usage habits and behaviors of public employees at work, using a field research that was carried out in Kastamonu that is a city of north of Turkey. It is especially of interest how and for what purposes the chat programs, which encourage the use of internet, are used. The results are analyzed from the point of view of public ethics. The data is collected from the state servants in Kastamonu and is analyzed on SPSS statistic program.

  8. Research on Hotspot Discovery in Internet Public Opinions Based on Improved -Means

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gensheng Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available How to discover hotspot in the Internet public opinions effectively is a hot research field for the researchers related which plays a key role for governments and corporations to find useful information from mass data in the Internet. An improved -means algorithm for hotspot discovery in internet public opinions is presented based on the analysis of existing defects and calculation principle of original -means algorithm. First, some new methods are designed to preprocess website texts, select and express the characteristics of website texts, and define the similarity between two website texts, respectively. Second, clustering principle and the method of initial classification centers selection are analyzed and improved in order to overcome the limitations of original -means algorithm. Finally, the experimental results verify that the improved algorithm can improve the clustering stability and classification accuracy of hotspot discovery in internet public opinions when used in practice.

  9. Research on hotspot discovery in internet public opinions based on improved K-means.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Gensheng

    2013-01-01

    How to discover hotspot in the Internet public opinions effectively is a hot research field for the researchers related which plays a key role for governments and corporations to find useful information from mass data in the Internet. An improved K-means algorithm for hotspot discovery in internet public opinions is presented based on the analysis of existing defects and calculation principle of original K-means algorithm. First, some new methods are designed to preprocess website texts, select and express the characteristics of website texts, and define the similarity between two website texts, respectively. Second, clustering principle and the method of initial classification centers selection are analyzed and improved in order to overcome the limitations of original K-means algorithm. Finally, the experimental results verify that the improved algorithm can improve the clustering stability and classification accuracy of hotspot discovery in internet public opinions when used in practice.

  10. Public Libraries and Internet Access across the United States: A Comparison by State 2004–2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul T. Jaeger

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing upon findings from a national survey of U.S. public libraries, this paper examines trends in Internet and public computing access in public libraries across states from 2004 to 2006. Based on library-supplied information about levels and types of Internet and public computing access, the authors offer insights into the network-based content and services that public libraries provide. Examining data from 2004 to 2006 reveals trends and accomplishments in certain states and geographic regions. This paper details and discusses the data, identifies and analyzes issues related to Internet access, and suggests areas for future research.

  11. How Tolerable is Delay? Consumers' Evaluations of Internet Web Sites After Waiting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dellaert, B.G.C.; Kahn, B.

    1998-01-01

    How consumers’ waiting times affect their retrospective evaluations of Internet Web Sites is investigated in four computer-based experiments. Results show that waiting can but does not always negatively affect evaluations of Web Sites. Results also show that the potential negative effects of waiting

  12. Internet comments as a barometer of public opinion

    CERN Document Server

    Oster, Elad; Feigel, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Social susceptibility is defined and analyzed using data from CNN news website. The current models of opinion dynamics, voting, and herding in closed communities are extended, and the community's response to the injection of a group with predetermined and permanent opinions is calculated. A method to estimate the values of possible response in Internet communities that follow a specific developing subject is developed. The level of social influence in a community follows from the statistics of responses ("like" and "dislike" votes) to the comments written by the members of the same community. Three real cases of developing news stories are analyzed. We suggest that Internet comments may predict the level of social response similar to a barometer that predicts the intensity of a coming storm in still calm environment.

  13. Internet comments as a barometer of public opinion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oster, Elad; Gilad, Erez; Feigel, Alexander

    2015-07-01

    A new method is developed to estimate social influence in Internet communities that follow a specific developing news story. The technique stems from mean-field treatment of magnetic systems and provides a measure for community stability, such as the potential of a small perturbation to culminate in a phase-transition-like phenomenon. Three real cases of developing news stories from CNN news website are analyzed. Continuous dynamics of social influence together with time is observed together with a significant increase of social influence after the announcement of important information, such as the jury decision in a legal case. This work makes it possible to estimate the size of a group that can change the opinion of the entire population. We argue that Internet comments may predict the level of social response similar to a barometer that predicts the intensity of a coming storm in still calm environment.

  14. MACRO-PUBLIC RELATIONS: CRISIS COMMUNICATION IN THE AGE OF INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongxuan Lin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to study the crisis communication in the age of Internet, the study takes the battle between two Internet companies, Tencent and Qihoo, as a case study, but focuses more on their huge public audiences, which may be defined as a “macro-public” crowd. The study employs multiple research methods including survey, focus groups interviews and content analysis to explore their “macro-public relations” which may be driven by the spiral of silence and crowd psychology. This dynamic underground power is the reason that two companies employed similar public relations strategies in crisis communication but the results of the crisis were different. The study attempts to contribute to the knowledge base by defining and highlighting the power and function of “macro-public relations” for crisis communication in the age of Internet.

  15. Check In / Check Out. The Public Space as an Internet of Things

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van t Hof, C.C.G.; van Est, R.; Daemen, F.

    2011-01-01

    Mobile phones, public transport smart cards, security cameras and GPS systems in our car - we are surrounded by digital devices. They track us, guide us, help us, and control us. The book Check In / Check Out. The Public Space as an Internet of Things shows us how our digital and physical worlds are

  16. Check In / Check Out. The Public Space as an Internet of Things

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van t Hof, C.C.G.; van Est, R.; Daemen, F.

    2011-01-01

    Mobile phones, public transport smart cards, security cameras and GPS systems in our car - we are surrounded by digital devices. They track us, guide us, help us, and control us. The book Check In / Check Out. The Public Space as an Internet of Things shows us how our digital and physical worlds are

  17. The 1996 National Survey of Public Libraries and the Internet: Progress and Issues. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; And Others

    This 1996 National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS) survey gathered data from a national sample of public libraries concerning the current level of public library involvement with the Internet. The purpose of this study was to: (1) provide policymakers, researchers, and library professionals with longitudinal data that…

  18. National Survey of U.S. Public Libraries and the Internet, 1997. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Fletcher, Patricia Diamond

    The purpose of this study was to obtain descriptive information about the nation's public library connectivity, use, and costs related to the Internet. The study gathered data from a national sample of public libraries from the period between May and July 1997. Unlike the 1994 and 1996 students, the 1997 study drew a new library sample that…

  19. [A review on the advancement of internet-based public health surveillance program].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Y Q; Ma, W J

    2017-02-10

    Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume. Mining and analyzing internet data, researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events. There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems, i.e. active and passive, which are distinguished by the sources of information. Through passive surveillance system, information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers. Except for serving as a real-time and convenient complementary approach to traditional disease, food safety and adverse drug reaction surveillance program, Internet-based surveillance system can also play a role in health-related behavior surveillance and policy evaluation. Although several techniques have been applied to filter information, the accuracy of internet-based surveillance system is still bothered by the false positive information. In this article, we have summarized the development and application of internet-based surveillance system in public health to provide reference for a better surveillance program in China.

  20. Social internet sites as a source of public health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, Karl; Howe, William; Dellavalle, Robert P

    2009-04-01

    Social media websites, such as YouTube, Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, and Second Life are rapidly emerging as popular sources of health information especially for teens and young adults. Social media marketing carries the advantages of low cost, rapid transmission through a wide community, and user interaction. Disadvantages include blind authorship, lack of source citation, and presentation of opinion as fact. Dermatologists and other health care providers should recognize the importance of social media websites and their potential usefulness for disseminating health information.

  1. Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    微软想要统治Internet,Windows XP就是这个计划中的一个组成部分。微软已经努力争取提供连接Internet的最方便、最完整的方法。新的操作系统含有Internet Explorer 6(IE6)、新的保密功能以及防火墙保护。Windows XP甚至包含有一个Macromedia Flash播放器插件。但是对Sun微系统公司的打击就是

  2. Watching pornographic pictures on the Internet: role of sexual arousal ratings and psychological-psychiatric symptoms for using Internet sex sites excessively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Matthias; Laier, Christian; Pawlikowski, Mirko; Schächtle, Ulrich; Schöler, Tobias; Altstötter-Gleich, Christine

    2011-06-01

    Excessive or addictive Internet use can be linked to different online activities, such as Internet gaming or cybersex. The usage of Internet pornography sites is one important facet of online sexual activity. The aim of the present work was to examine potential predictors of a tendency toward cybersex addiction in terms of subjective complaints in everyday life due to online sexual activities. We focused on the subjective evaluation of Internet pornographic material with respect to sexual arousal and emotional valence, as well as on psychological symptoms as potential predictors. We examined 89 heterosexual, male participants with an experimental task assessing subjective sexual arousal and emotional valence of Internet pornographic pictures. The Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and a modified version of the IAT for online sexual activities (IATsex), as well as several further questionnaires measuring psychological symptoms and facets of personality were also administered to the participants. Results indicate that self-reported problems in daily life linked to online sexual activities were predicted by subjective sexual arousal ratings of the pornographic material, global severity of psychological symptoms, and the number of sex applications used when being on Internet sex sites in daily life, while the time spent on Internet sex sites (minutes per day) did not significantly contribute to explanation of variance in IATsex score. Personality facets were not significantly correlated with the IATsex score. The study demonstrates the important role of subjective arousal and psychological symptoms as potential correlates of development or maintenance of excessive online sexual activity.

  3. Changing public attitudes to antibiotic prescribing: can the internet help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Madle

    2004-02-01

    Conclusions Health information websites can play a significant role in influencing public knowledge and attitudes. Further research is needed to investigate how people learn from these interventions and to determine their long-term impact on public attitudes and subsequent behaviour.

  4. Private provision of a public good: cooperation and altruism of internet forum users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Ros-Galvez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We ran an experiment with users of Internet forums. In a dictator game, we find that the level of altruism is positively related to the activity in the forum. In a public good game, there is no relation between cooperation in the game and contribution to the content of the forum. Subjects are not more altruistic with partners from the same forum but do cooperate more with them. These results suggest that the public good provided in Internet forums is mainly provided by a group of unconditional altruistic users, and that the sense of belonging supports the cooperation in that provision.

  5. A Research On The Internet Product Purchasing Behavior Of Public Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humeyra Sadaklioglu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, several advences in information technologies have increased the computer use of consumers in the world and our country. These developments have revealed a new way of doing business known as e-commerce. For consumers, online shopping has become the most popular internet activity because it does not require much physical effort, personalize the shopping environment, provide time and cost savings to buyers, and allow comparisons of product, brand, price and company recognition. Therefore, this study focuses on measuring the trends of internet shopping of public employees. For this aim, we included 495 staff of Tokat Governer and Gaziosmanpasa University. This study proved that the educated and higher income levels consumers preferred the internet shopping. As a result, we showed that issues preventing preferring of the internet shopping are the delay in the delivery of products, and deceptive and misleading advertisements.

  6. Internet use, online information seeking and knowledge among third molar patients attending public dental services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, K; Sambrook, P; Armfield, J M; Brennan, D S

    2017-09-01

    While Australians are searching the internet for third molar (TM) information, the usefulness of online sources may be questioned due to quality variation. This study explored: (i) internet use, online information-seeking behaviour among TM patients attending public dental services; and (ii) whether patients' TM knowledge scores are associated with the level of internet use and eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) scores. Baseline survey data from the 'Engaging Patients in Decision-Making' study were used. Variables included: sociodemographics, internet access status, online information-seeking behaviour, eHEALS, the Control Preferences Scale (CPS) and TM knowledge. Participants (N = 165) were mainly female (73.8%), aged 19-25 years (42.4%) and had 'secondary school or less' education (58.4%). A majority (N = 79, 52.7%) had sought online dental information which was associated with active decisional control preference (odds ratio = 3.1, P = 0.034) and higher educational attainment (odds ratio = 2.7, P = 0.040). TM knowledge scores were not associated with either the level of internet use (F(2,152) = 2.1, P = 0.094, χ(2) = 0.0310) or the eHEALS scores (r = 0.147, P = 0.335). 'The internet-prepared patient' phenomena exists among public TM patients and was explained by preference for involvement in decision-making. However, internet use was not associated with better TM knowledge. Providing TM patients with internet guidance may be an opportunity to improve TM knowledge. © 2017 Australian Dental Association.

  7. Using Internet search behavior to assess public awareness of protected wetlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Yuno; Kim, Ji Yoon; Lineman, Maurice; Kim, Dong-Kyun; Joo, Gea-Jae

    2015-02-01

    Improving public awareness of protected wetlands facilitates sustainable wetland management, which depends on public participation. One way of gauging public interest is by tracking Internet search behavior (ISB). We assessed public awareness of issues related to protected wetland areas (PWAs) in South Korea by examining the frequencies of specific queries (PWAs, Ramsar, Upo wetland, Sunchon Bay, etc.) using relative search volumes (RSVs) obtained from an Internet search engine. RSV shows how many times a search term is used relative to a second search term during a specific period. Public awareness of PWAs changed from 2007 to 2013. Initially the majority of Internet searches were related to the most well-known tidal and inland wetlands Sunchon Bay and Upo wetlands, which are the largest existing wetlands in Korea with the greatest historical exposure. Public awareness, as reflected in RSVs, of wetlands increased significantly following PWA designation for the wetlands in 2008, which followed the Ramsar 10th Conference of Contracting Parties to the Convention on Wetlands (COP10) meeting. Public interest was strongly correlated to the number of news articles in the popular media, as evidenced by the increase in Internet searches for specific wetlands and words associated with specific wetlands. Correspondingly, the number of visitors to specific wetlands increased. To increase public interest in wetlands, wetland aspects that enhance wetland conservation should be promoted by the government and enhanced via public education. Our approach can be used to gauge public awareness and participation in a wide range of conservation efforts. © 2014 Society for Conservation Biology.

  8. The Norwegian Public Libraries' Path towards Internet Norveç Halk Kütüphanelerinden Internet'e Uzanan Yol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ton Bringedal

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available UNINETT is the elektronic network linking together universities and training colleges in Norway. This network is part of Internet. In October 1993 the management of UNINETT extended its terms of reference to cover libraries and other institutions directly involved in research and education. This marked a significant step forward for those Norwegian public libraries interested in making use of UNINETT I Internet. UNINETT, Norveç'teki üniversiteler ve meslek okullarını birbirine bağlayan elektronik ağın adıdır. Bu ağ, Internet'in bir parçasıdır. Ekim 1995'te UNINETT yönetimi, araştırma ve eğitim hizmetine direkt olarak katkıda bulunan kütüphaneleri ve diğer kuruluşları kapsamına alarak, verdiği danışma hizmetlerini genişletmiştir. Bu genişleme, UNINETT I İnternet kullanımıyla ilgilenen Norveç halk kütüphaneleri için ileriye doğru atılan önemli bir adımı ortaya koymuştur.

  9. DuSable High School Internet Project and its influence in connecting Chicago Public Schools to the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    York, D. G.; Mac Low, M. M.; Brown, B.; Franco, L. M.; Rebull, L. M.; Graziani, C.; Lauroesch, J.

    1998-05-01

    Jean Baptiste Point DuSable High School is a public school in inner city Chicago with a 100% African American student population, over 90% of which live below the poverty limit. In 1995, in partnership with the University of Chicago they applied to NASA's IDEAS program for seed money to bring the Internet to the school via a dedicated T1 connection. We will present the detailed successes and failures of this project. While several aspects did not work out as well as expected, in the long term the project did provide important guidance for a more sucessful involvement in 12 additional public schools in the same social situation. In these more recent involvements we have been able to provide more consistent and continued support than was possible at DuSable High School.

  10. Addictive use of social networking sites can be explained by the interaction of Internet use expectancies, Internet literacy, and psychopathological symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegmann, Elisa; Stodt, Benjamin; Brand, Matthias

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims Most people use the Internet in a functional way to achieve certain goals and needs. However, there is an increasing number of people who experience negative consequences like loss of control and distress based on an excessive use of the Internet and its specific online applications. Some approaches postulate similarities with behavioral addictions as well as substance dependencies. They differentiate between a generalized and a specific Internet addiction, such as the pathological use of social networking sites (SIA–SNS). Prior studies particularly identified the use of applications, personal characteristics, and psychopathological symptoms as significant predictors for the development and maintenance of this phenomenon. So far, it remains unclear how psychopathological symptoms like depression and social anxiety interact with individual expectancies of Internet use and capabilities of handling the Internet, summarized as Internet literacy. Methods The current study (N = 334) investigated the interaction of these components in a structural equation model. Results The results indicate that the effects of depression and social anxiety on SIA–SNS were mediated by Internet use expectancies and self-regulation. Discussion Thus, Internet use expectancies seem to be crucial for SIA–SNS, which is in line with prior models. Conclusions SNS use may be reinforced by experienced gratification and relief from negative feelings. Individual competences in handling the Internet may be preventive for the development of SIA–SNS. PMID:26551905

  11. Addictive use of social networking sites can be explained by the interaction of Internet use expectancies, Internet literacy, and psychopathological symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegmann, Elisa; Stodt, Benjamin; Brand, Matthias

    2015-09-01

    Most people use the Internet in a functional way to achieve certain goals and needs. However, there is an increasing number of people who experience negative consequences like loss of control and distress based on an excessive use of the Internet and its specific online applications. Some approaches postulate similarities with behavioral addictions as well as substance dependencies. They differentiate between a generalized and a specific Internet addiction, such as the pathological use of social networking sites (SIA-SNS). Prior studies particularly identified the use of applications, personal characteristics, and psychopathological symptoms as significant predictors for the development and maintenance of this phenomenon. So far, it remains unclear how psychopathological symptoms like depression and social anxiety interact with individual expectancies of Internet use and capabilities of handling the Internet, summarized as Internet literacy. The current study (N = 334) investigated the interaction of these components in a structural equation model. The results indicate that the effects of depression and social anxiety on SIA-SNS were mediated by Internet use expectancies and self-regulation. Thus, Internet use expectancies seem to be crucial for SIA-SNS, which is in line with prior models. SNS use may be reinforced by experienced gratification and relief from negative feelings. Individual competences in handling the Internet may be preventive for the development of SIA-SNS.

  12. Through which medium should science information professionals communicate with the public: television or the internet?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cees M. Koolstra

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Science information professionals need to make choices through which media they want to communicate with the public. In reaching large audiences outside the domain of formal diffusion of knowledge, the choice may be between the old medium television and the new medium Internet. It seems that general scientific research is focused more and more on the Internet as a favorite means for information exchange and that the old mass medium television plays only a minor role. But when we look at (1 how the public spends their leisure time on television and the Internet, (2 how effective these media are in transferring information, and (3 how much these media are trusted as reliable sources of information, the old medium television should still be regarded as the number one medium to be used for science communication, although there are some limitations for its use.

  13. Philip Morris's health information web site appears responsible but undermines public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Elizabeth A; Malone, Ruth E

    2008-01-01

    Many people may search for information about tobacco use, the largest cause of preventable mortality in the United States, on the Internet. In 1999, Philip Morris U.S.A. (PM), the country's biggest cigarette manufacturer, posted a Web site and launched a campaign to encourage people to obtain information about tobacco and health issues there. The company asserted that its goal was to deliver the messages of the public health community about tobacco. However, internal tobacco company documents reveal that the site was a public relations effort intended to help the company avoid punishment and regulation. Examination of the language on the Web site reveals many contradictions and omissions that may undermine public health messages. Among these are vague and confusing information about addiction, tar, and nicotine, a lack of motivators to quit smoking, and silence about tobacco-related mortality. By appearing to join with public health organizations in disseminating "responsible" messages about tobacco, PM may improve its image, thus facilitating its ability to continue to sell its lethal products. Public health nurses should be prepared to examine health information on the Internet for subtle biases, to counter PM's specific language about smoking to patients, and to challenge PM's larger corporate goals.

  14. Public Internet Access Points (PIAPs) and Their Social Impact: A Case Study from Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afacan, Gulgun; Er, Erkan; Arifoglu, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Building public Internet access points (PIAPs) is a significant contribution of governments towards achieving an information society. While many developing countries are investing great amounts to establish PIAPs today, people may not use PIAPs effectively. Yet, the successful implementation of PIAPs is the result of citizens' acceptance to use…

  15. Public Internet Forums: Can They Enhance Argumentative Writing Skills of Second Language Learners?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Mathy; Black, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Improving university students' writing skills is always a challenge. In a third-year French composition course, the researchers introduced the use of public Internet discussion forums to see if that would help achieve the argumentative writing skills goals that were set for this study. The results show that participation in the forums had a…

  16. Post-Snowden Internet Policy: Between Public Outrage, Resistance and Policy Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Pohle

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This editors’ introduction provides a short summary of the Snowden revelations and the paradoxical political and public responses to them. It further provides an overview of the current academic debate triggered by the Snowden case and the documents leaked by him and introduces the articles featured in this issue on post-Snowden Internet policy.

  17. 36 CFR 1254.32 - What rules apply to public access use of the Internet on NARA-supplied computers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... access use of the Internet on NARA-supplied computers? 1254.32 Section 1254.32 Parks, Forests, and Public... of the Internet on NARA-supplied computers? (a) Public access computers (workstations) are available... use personally owned diskettes on NARA personal computers. You may not load files or any type of...

  18. Windows to the Universe: an Internet Resource Bringing the Earth and Space Sciences to the General Public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, R. M.; Alexander, C. J.; Burek, M.; Kozyra, J.; Lenhart, E.; Linker, J.; Mastie, D.; Ceritelli, M.; Thoenes, H.; Orselli, P.; Weymouth, T.

    1997-07-01

    Windows to the Universe is a World Wide Web site that presents information about the Earth and Space sciences as well as related historical and cultural topics to the general public in an attractive and user-friendly way. The site makes extensive use of graphically annotated button panels to allow intuitive navigation through the site. The site is graphics intensive, providing access to a rich archive of images, movies, animations and data collected by satellites, spacecraft, and ground-based instruments. Intended primarily as an innovative information resource for museums, libraries, and classrooms, content within Windows to the Universe is developed to complement K-12 science education needs. Content is available at three levels of sophistication, approximating the elementary, middle, and high school levels, and resources are available on-line for teachers including standards-based keyword search capabilities and classroom activities. Supplementary CD-ROMs are available for Mac and Windows-95 platforms that allow rapid access to images on the site, rather than requiring the user to download images over the Internet. This award-winning site is funded by the NASA Public Use of Remote Sensing Data Bases Program.

  19. Are internet sites providing evidence-based information for patients suffering with Trigeminal Neuralgia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demetriades, Andreas K; Alg, Varinder Singh; Hardwidge, Carl

    2014-05-01

    Trigeminal neuralgia has a variety of treatments with variable efficacy. Sufferers present to a spectrum of disciplines. While traditional delivery of medical information has been by oral/printed communication, up to 50-80% patients access the internet for information. Confusion, therefore, may arise when seeking treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. We evaluated the quality of information on the internet for trigeminal neuralgia using the DISCERN© instrument. Only 54% websites had clear objectives; 42% delivered on these. A total of 71% provided relevant information on trigeminal neuralgia, 54% being biased/unbalanced; 71% not providing clear sources of information. No website detailed the side-effect profile of treatments; 79% did not inform patients of the consequences/natural history if no treatment was undertaken; it was unclear if patients could anticipate symptoms settling or when treatment would be indicated. Internet information on trigeminal neuralgia is of variable quality; 83% of sites assessed were of low-to-moderate quality, 29% having 'serious shortcomings.' Only two sites scored highly, only one being in the top 10 search results. Websites on trigeminal neuralgia need to appreciate areas highlighted in the DISCERN© instrument, in order to provide balanced, reliable, evidence-based information. To advise patients who may be misguided from such sources, neurosurgeons should be aware of the quality of information on the internet.

  20. Using Web sites on quality health care for teaching consumers in public libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oermann, Marilyn H; Lesley, Marsha L; VanderWal, Jillon S

    2005-01-01

    More and more consumers are searching the Internet for health information. Health Web sites vary in quality, though, and not all consumers are aware of the need to evaluate the information they find on the Web. Nurses and other health providers involved in patient education can evaluate Web sites and suggest quality sites for patients to use. This article describes a project we implemented in 2 public libraries to educate consumers about quality health care and patient safety using Web sites that we had evaluated earlier. Participants (n = 103) completed resources on health care quality, questions patients should ask about their diagnoses and treatment options, changes in Medicare and Medicare options or ways to make their health benefits work for them, and tips to help prevent medical errors. Most consumers were highly satisfied with the Web sites and the information they learned on quality care from these resources. Many participants did not have Internet access at home or work and instead used the library to search the Web. Information about the Web sites used in this project and other sites on quality care can be made available in libraries and community settings and as part of patient education resources in hospitals. The Web provides easy access for consumers to information about patient safety initiatives and health care quality in general.

  1. Science and Technology Undergraduate Students' Use of the Internet, Cell Phones and Social Networking Sites to Access Library Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salisbury, Lutishoor; Laincz, Jozef; Smith, Jeremy J.

    2012-01-01

    Many academic libraries and publishers have developed mobile-optimized versions of their web sites and catalogs. Almost all database vendors and major journal publishers have provided a way to connect to their resources via the Internet and the mobile web. In light of this pervasive use of the Internet, mobile devices and social networking, this…

  2. Internet Sites and Apps Available to Students Seeking Counselling, and What School Counsellors Should Know about Them

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furlonger, Brett; Budisa, Sonja

    2016-01-01

    Consumers are increasingly turning to both the internet and apps for mental health assistance. Mobile technologies such as smart phones and tablets offer swift and anonymous access for students to internet sites and app environments. Availability, however, does not guarantee quality or credibility. This web-based pilot study was undertaken to…

  3. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN), 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2009-07-15

    Numerous Internet sites are given in relation with radiotherapy, nuclear activity, radiation protection, and environment shared by sites in France, Europe, big agencies and non-ionizing radiations. (N.C.)

  4. The quality of information in electronic scientific publications on the Internet: challenges and proposals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo SABBATINI

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The present work analises the main questions and hurdles involved in the adoption of a electronic scientific publication system, those related to the scientific community practices and rules of conduct. We emphasize the quality certification through peer review, interity and legitimiy maintenance and privacity preservation in the digital environment. Furthermore, we analise the academic community own perception of electronic journals available in Internet and its impacts in tenure and prommotion processes.

  5. The Moderator as an Emerging Democratic Intermediairy: The Role of the Moderator in Internet Discussions about Public Issues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Edwards (Arthur)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractA common approach towards the role of the moderator in Internet discussions is to see him as a filter. In this article I want to show that the moderator in government-initiated Internet discussions about public issues can be seen as a democratic intermediary, and that this role has the p

  6. Handling Internet-Based Health Information: Improving Health Information Web Site Literacy Among Undergraduate Nursing Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Weiwen; Sun, Ran; Mulvehill, Alice M; Gilson, Courtney C; Huang, Linda L

    2017-02-01

    Patient care problems arise when health care consumers and professionals find health information on the Internet because that information is often inaccurate. To mitigate this problem, nurses can develop Web literacy and share that skill with health care consumers. This study evaluated a Web-literacy intervention for undergraduate nursing students to find reliable Web-based health information. A pre- and postsurvey queried undergraduate nursing students in an informatics course; the intervention comprised lecture, in-class practice, and assignments about health Web site evaluation tools. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon and ANOVA signed-rank tests. Pre-intervention, 75.9% of participants reported using Web sites to obtain health information. Postintervention, 87.9% displayed confidence in using an evaluation tool. Both the ability to critique health Web sites (p = .005) and confidence in finding reliable Internet-based health information (p = .058) increased. Web-literacy education guides nursing students to find, evaluate, and use reliable Web sites, which improves their ability to deliver safer patient care. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(2):110-114.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  7. A self-applied, Internet-based intervention for fear of public speaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botella, Cristina; Hofmann, Stefan G; Moscovitch, David A

    2004-08-01

    The aim of this article is to introduce, illustrate, and present effectiveness data on a new telepsychology program for the treatment of fear of public speaking. The Talk to Me program is an Internet-based self-applied intervention that has several components, including a diagnostic assessment, a structured treatment, and an outcome protocol that evaluates treatment efficacy in a continuous manner. We describe the characteristics of the program and present a case study. Results demonstrated a significant decrease in levels of fear and avoidance related to speaking in public.

  8. An Internet-based self-help treatment for fear of public speaking: a controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botella, C; Gallego, M J; Garcia-Palacios, A; Guillen, V; Baños, R M; Quero, S; Alcañiz, M

    2010-08-01

    This study offers data about the efficacy of "Talk to Me," an Internet-based telepsychology program for the treatment of fear of public speaking that includes the most active components in cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for social phobia (exposure and cognitive therapies). One hundred twenty-seven participants with social phobia were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: (a) an Internet-based self-administered program; (b) the same program applied by a therapist; (c) a waiting-list control group. Results showed that both treatment conditions were equally efficacious. In addition, Talk to Me and the same treatment applied by a therapist were more efficacious than the waiting-list condition. Treatment gains were maintained at 1-year follow-up. The results from this study support the utility of Internet-delivered CBT programs in order to reach a higher number of people who could benefit from CBT. Internet-delivered CBT programs could also play a valuable role in the dissemination of CBT.

  9. GENRE, LANGUAGE AND STYLE OF WEB-PUBLICATIONS. ANALYSIS OF CONTENT-RELATED COMPONENT OF INTERNET-TEXTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Иван Георгиевич Зубков

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available  “Genre” in terms of printing journalism and internet-journalism are different.They differ because the basis of internet-publication is hypertext. The characteristics of internet-publication genre are presented below.In one Internet publication traditional journalism genres such as commentary (reporting, essay and the others can be joined together. It is very difficult to find one internet-publication which is written in one genre. For example, web-commentary can be met only in Internet-copies of printed editions. Journalism was greatly transformed during last decades because of new technologies, world-view, high speed of life – all this was brought by Internet. But even before the world network appeared there were works which described interactions of traditional and innovative journalism.  It was pointed out by V. Helemendik who considered interrelations between newspaper, radio and TV. Transformation of journalism can be noted even in appearance of newspapers and TV transmissions which take design techniques from the style of interactive publications.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-10-21

  10. 10 Guiding principles of a comprehensive Internet-based public health preparedness training and education program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Lorraine K; Horney, Jennifer A; Markiewicz, Milissa; MacDonald, Pia D M

    2010-01-01

    Distance learning is an effective strategy to address the many barriers to continuing education faced by the public health workforce. With the proliferation of online learning programs focused on public health, there is a need to develop and adopt a common set of principles and practices for distance learning. In this article, we discuss the 10 principles that guide the development, design, and delivery of the various training modules and courses offered by the North Carolina Center for Public Health Preparedness (NCCPHP). These principles are the result of 10 years of experience in Internet-based public health preparedness educational programming. In this article, we focus on three representative components of NCCPHP's overall training and education program to illustrate how the principles are implemented and help others in the field plan and develop similar programs.

  11. Physical-layer encryption on the public internet: A stochastic approach to the Kish-Sethuraman cipher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunn, Lachlan J.; Chappell, James M.; Allison, Andrew; Abbott, Derek

    2014-09-01

    While information-theoretic security is often associated with the one-time pad and quantum key distribution, noisy transport media leave room for classical techniques and even covert operation. Transit times across the public internet exhibit a degree of randomness, and cannot be determined noiselessly by an eavesdropper. We demonstrate the use of these measurements for information-theoretically secure communication over the public internet.

  12. The Quality of Information about Hip Fractures in Turkish Internet Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Küçükdurmaz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Internet has been the most commonly used way to access information now. Patients and their families search information about diseases and treatment methods on web. Our aim is to check the information quality of Turkish language based web sites that mention about hip fractures. Material and Method: We made a search by the word ‘hip fracture’ with three web search engines which are most popular in Turkey. We evaluated the most commonly visited first 10 sites and scored them according to a standard form. Results: Nine of the 30 web sites were include useful information for patients about the subject. The total score was 7.0 (min.:2, max.:14, SD: 4.81 Discussion: The web sites designed in Turkish that contains information about the health topics was found to be inadequate. This incomplete and incorrect information can lead to the users false informed about the topic. In this regard, the development of new sites is needed that can objectively accreditate health-related sites.

  13. Is the Digital Divide for Orthopaedic Trauma Patients a Myth? Prospective Cohort Study on Use of a Custom Internet Site.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matuszewski, Paul E; Costales, Timothy; Zerhusen, Timothy; Coale, Max; Mehta, Samir; Pollak, Andrew N; OʼToole, Robert V

    2016-07-01

    Some have proposed that a so-called digital divide exists for orthopaedic trauma patients and that the clinical usefulness of the Internet for these patients is limited. No studies to date have confirmed this or whether patients would use a provided web resource. The hypotheses of this study were (1) a larger than expected percentage of trauma patients have access to the Internet and (2) if given access to a custom site, patients will use it. Prospective cohort. Level 1 regional trauma center. Patients who were 18 years or older with acute operative fractures participated in this study. Enrollment was initiated either before discharge or at initial outpatient follow-up. We conducted a survey of demographics, Internet usage, device type, eHealth Literacy, and intent to use the web site. Participants received a keychain containing the web address and a unique access code to our custom orthopaedic trauma web site. Percentage of patients with Internet access and percentage of patients who visited the web site. One hundred twelve patients were enrolled. Ninety-three percent (104/112) reported having Internet access (P digital divide is a myth in orthopaedic trauma. Despite widespread access and enthusiasm for our web site, few patients visited. This cautions against the allocation of resources for patient-specific web sites for orthopaedic trauma until a rationale for use can be better delineated. Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  14. Mining Twitter to Assess the Public Perception of the "Internet of Things".

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Bian

    Full Text Available Social media analysis has shown tremendous potential to understand public's opinion on a wide variety of topics. In this paper, we have mined Twitter to understand the public's perception of the Internet of Things (IoT. We first generated the discussion trends of the IoT from multiple Twitter data sources and validated these trends with Google Trends. We then performed sentiment analysis to gain insights of the public's attitude towards the IoT. As anticipated, our analysis indicates that the public's perception of the IoT is predominantly positive. Further, through topic modeling, we learned that public tweets discussing the IoT were often focused on business and technology. However, the public has great concerns about privacy and security issues toward the IoT based on the frequent appearance of related terms. Nevertheless, no unexpected perceptions were identified through our analysis. Our analysis was challenged by the limited fraction of tweets relevant to our study. Also, the user demographics of Twitter users may not be strongly representative of the population of the general public.

  15. Mining Twitter to Assess the Public Perception of the "Internet of Things".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bian, Jiang; Yoshigoe, Kenji; Hicks, Amanda; Yuan, Jiawei; He, Zhe; Xie, Mengjun; Guo, Yi; Prosperi, Mattia; Salloum, Ramzi; Modave, François

    2016-01-01

    Social media analysis has shown tremendous potential to understand public's opinion on a wide variety of topics. In this paper, we have mined Twitter to understand the public's perception of the Internet of Things (IoT). We first generated the discussion trends of the IoT from multiple Twitter data sources and validated these trends with Google Trends. We then performed sentiment analysis to gain insights of the public's attitude towards the IoT. As anticipated, our analysis indicates that the public's perception of the IoT is predominantly positive. Further, through topic modeling, we learned that public tweets discussing the IoT were often focused on business and technology. However, the public has great concerns about privacy and security issues toward the IoT based on the frequent appearance of related terms. Nevertheless, no unexpected perceptions were identified through our analysis. Our analysis was challenged by the limited fraction of tweets relevant to our study. Also, the user demographics of Twitter users may not be strongly representative of the population of the general public.

  16. Self-epistemic authority and nurses' reactions to medical information that is retrieved from Internet sites of different credibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnoy, Sivia; Volfin-Pruss, Diana; Ehrenfeld, Malka; Kushnir, Talma

    2011-09-01

    This cross-sectional study investigated nurses' reactions to Internet medical information that was retrieved from sources of different scientific credibility and the association between self-epistemic authority and these reactions. The participants filled in questionnaires on their reactions to Internet medical information and self-epistemic authority. The nurses' reactions to Internet medical information from a highly credible source (Medline) correlated positively with self-epistemic authority. However, no such correlation was found with Internet medical information from a less credible Internet source (Ynet). Compared with the nurses without an academic degree, the nurses with an academic degree had more positive reactions to the information that was retrieved from Medline. The reactions to the medical information that was retrieved from Ynet did not differ by the education of the nurses. This study shows that nurses' reactions to different sources of Internet information vary according to their level of self-epistemic authority and education. As patients' use of Internet medical information is increasing, nurses need to expand their expertise in the various professional and popular medical information sites. Such skills will help to reduce any negative feeling that might arise when they encounter patients who present medical information from the Internet.

  17. Applications of Scalable Multipoint Video and Audio Using the Public Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert D. Gaglianello

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a scalable multipoint video system, designed for efficient generation and display of high quality, multiple resolution, multiple compressed video streams over IP-based networks. We present our experiences using the system over the public Internet for several “real-world” applications, including distance learning, virtual theater, and virtual collaboration. The trials were a combined effort of Bell Laboratories and the Gertrude Stein Repertory Theatre (TGSRT. We also present current advances in the conferencing system since the trials, new areas for application and future applications.

  18. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, IRSN, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France)

    2009-10-15

    Numerous Internet sites are given in relation with radiotherapy, nuclear medicine and ionizing radiation, nuclear activity, radiation protection for populations, radioactive waste management in France and Europe. (N.C.)

  19. Gallup Poll: Using the Internet to Learn about the Influence of Public Opinion in Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheuerell, Scott

    2008-01-01

    The author discusses how high school civics teachers can use the Gallup Poll Web site to teach students about the influence of public opinion in politics. The author describes his firsthand experiences using the Web site with high school students. He emphasizes the need for teachers to structure higher-level thinking questions instead of having…

  20. Mining Twitter to Assess the Public Perception of the “Internet of Things”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshigoe, Kenji; Hicks, Amanda; Yuan, Jiawei; He, Zhe; Xie, Mengjun; Guo, Yi; Prosperi, Mattia; Salloum, Ramzi; Modave, François

    2016-01-01

    Social media analysis has shown tremendous potential to understand public's opinion on a wide variety of topics. In this paper, we have mined Twitter to understand the public's perception of the Internet of Things (IoT). We first generated the discussion trends of the IoT from multiple Twitter data sources and validated these trends with Google Trends. We then performed sentiment analysis to gain insights of the public’s attitude towards the IoT. As anticipated, our analysis indicates that the public's perception of the IoT is predominantly positive. Further, through topic modeling, we learned that public tweets discussing the IoT were often focused on business and technology. However, the public has great concerns about privacy and security issues toward the IoT based on the frequent appearance of related terms. Nevertheless, no unexpected perceptions were identified through our analysis. Our analysis was challenged by the limited fraction of tweets relevant to our study. Also, the user demographics of Twitter users may not be strongly representative of the population of the general public. PMID:27391760

  1. [How to increase the visibility of your scientific publication on the Internet?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maczuga, Justyna; Przyłuska, Jolanta

    2012-01-01

    New technologies compel the scientists to change their thinking about dissemination of their own publications. In the time of rapid information exchange scientific papers should be available to the largest possible audience, it is therefore of vital importance to prepare them properly. The authors present the ways how to optimize the visibility of scientific publications on the Internet by the use of appropriate choice of words in the title, summary and key words. They discuss the mechanisms of indexing in scientific search engines and bibliographic-abstract databases showing at the same time how to use them in drawing up the paper. They also give an example of two summaries of the same article. The first one comprises the elements of academic search engine optimization (ASEO) while the other one does not follow these principles in the article description.

  2. A High-Performance Extraction Method for Public Opinion on Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yanling; DAI Guanzhong; ZHU Yehang; QIN Sen

    2007-01-01

    Aiming at the importance of the analysis for public opinion on Internet, the authors propose a high-performance extraction method for public opinion. In this method, the space model for classification is adopted to describe the relationship between words and categories. The combined feature selection method is used to remove noisy words from the original feature space effectively. Then the category weight of words is calculated by the improved formula combining the frequency of words and distribution of words. Finally, the class weights of the not-categorized documents based on the category weight of words are obtained for realizing opinion extraction. Experiment results show that the method has comparatively high classification and good stability.

  3. Transformation of Public Kindergartens in Shenzhen: Internet Study of Public Views

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Wang, X. Christine

    2008-01-01

    Since the early 1990s, the central government of China has been gradually privatizing early childhood education. As the main precursor of this large-scale reform in the country, Shenzhen has witnessed several innovative as well as radical changes. The existing public early childhood settings in the city were therefore forced to transform into…

  4. Seeking Medical Information Using Mobile Apps and the Internet: Are Family Caregivers Different from the General Public?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyunmin; Paige Powell, M; Bhuyan, Soumitra S; Bhuyan, Soumitra Sudip

    2017-03-01

    Family caregivers play an important role to care cancer patients since they exchange medical information with health care providers. However, relatively little is known about how family caregivers seek medical information using mobile apps and the Internet. We examined factors associated with medical information seeking by using mobile apps and the Internet among family caregivers and the general public using data from the 2014 Health Information National Trends Survey 4 Cycle 1. The study sample consisted of 2425 family caregivers and 1252 non-family caregivers (the general public). Guided by Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking (CMIS), we examined related factors' impact on two outcome variables for medical information seeking: mobile apps use and Internet use with multivariate logistic regression analyses. We found that online medical information seeking is different between family caregivers and the general public. Overall, the use of the Internet for medical information seeking is more common among family caregivers, while the use of mobile apps is less common among family caregivers compared with the general public. Married family caregivers were less likely to use mobile apps, while family caregivers who would trust cancer information were more likely to use the Internet for medical information seeking as compared to the general public. Medical information seeking behavior among family caregivers can be an important predictor of both their health and the health of their cancer patients. Future research should explore the low usage of mobile health applications among family caregiver population.

  5. Análise das narrativas sobre a menopausa de um site brasileiro da internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Separavich

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho analisa as representações e os relatos da experiência com a menopausa contidos no site brasileiro da internet Menospausa - o site da mulher madura, no espaço de interatividade, procurando identificar aspectos do climatério/menopausa, da vivência deste processo e das ações de cuidados. Foram separadas as 48 postagens, das quais dez escolhidas e analisadas conforme o gênero de narrativas, classificadas segundo Michael Bury como: contingentes, progressivas, morais, épicas/heroicas e regressivas/trágicas. Conclui-se que, apesar de a menopausa portar sinais corporais comuns, as representações e experiências narradas sobre corpo, menopausa e cuidados dialogam com os saberes médico e não eruditos, são heterogêneas, não necessariamente negativas, e informadas pelo contexto sociocultural mais amplo de suas protagonistas, e, em particular, filtradas pelas características do site.

  6. Gender Differences in the Usage and Attitudes toward the Internet among Student Teachers in a Public Malaysian University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wong S. Luan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The problems of gender disparity in the usage and attitude towards the Internet have received considerable interest among researchers. Most findings have revealed that females are at a disadvantage compared to their male counterparts where Internet usage is concerned. They have unequal access, a low rate of usage and exhibit negative attitudes towards the Internet (Nachmias et al., 2000; Sherman et al., 2000; Madell & Muncer, 2004. Prompted by these observations, this study was carried out to investigate the gender disparity in Internet usage and the attitudes among 152 student teachers (80 females and 72 males at a public Malaysian university (Universiti Putra Malaysia. The results of this study revealed no gender disparity in Internet usage; the female student teachers were found to spend as much time using the Internet as their male counterparts. These results accordingly contradicted the common findings of other researchers. The results also revealed that the students exhibited positive attitudes toward the Internet regardless of gender, again in contradiction to most other findings. Possible reasons and the implications of these findings will be elaborated and discussed.

  7. [Digital democracy and experiences in e-participation: Internet activism and public policy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Rafael de Paula Aguiar; Penteado, Cláudio Luis Camargo; Santos, Marcelo Burgos Pimentel dos

    2015-12-01

    The article explores processes of interaction between the State and organized civil society in an effort to assess the weight of the various social mobilization strategies utilized by different social organizations active in the city of São Paulo. The study is particularly interested in analyzing how the use of information and communications technology (ICT) influences the development of public policy as a means for shaping citizen opinion and establishing demands. A Political Participation and Influence Index was used to evaluate experiences in Internet activism in the city of São Paulo. Findings suggest that the movements and collectivities with the most inventive and broadest diversity of strategies achieve better results, signaling a new method of action in contemporary politics.

  8. : Valorisation et Intégration de Site Internet dans l'Organisation d'une PME

    OpenAIRE

    D'Iribarne, Alain; Tchobanian, Robert; Soucat, Jean Michel; Wasselin, Claude

    2003-01-01

    Recherche effectuée sous la responsabilité scientifique de Alain d'IRIBARNE, Directeur de recherche CNRS; Rapport de recherche; Etude de la valorisation et de l'intégration de sites internet à l'organisation et au système d'information et de gestion de PME. Essai de typologie.

  9. An interpretative phenomenological analysis of participation in a pro-anorexia internet site and its relationship with disordered eating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulveen, Ruaidhri; Hepworth, Julie

    2006-03-01

    Pro-anorexia Internet sites aim to promote, support and discuss anorexia nervosa. Media coverage has raised concerns that sites may increase the level of eating disorders. This research examines the meaning of participation in a pro-anorexia Internet site and its relationship with disordered eating by using an interpretative phenomenological analysis of fifteen separate message 'threads' followed over a six-week period. Four themes were identified: (1) tips and techniques; (2) 'ana' v. anorexia nervosa; (3) social support; and (4) need for anorexia. Findings suggest participation was multi-purpose, providing a coping function in relation to weight loss, and the contribution of sites to increased levels of eating disorders is not inevitable.

  10. The Role of Internet Use and Parental Mediation on Cyberbullying Victimization among Spanish Children from Rural Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, Raúl; Serna, Cristina; Martínez, Verónica; Ruiz-Oliva, Roberto

    2013-01-01

    Cyberbullying victimization research on individual and familial correlates is scarce in Spain. By building upon previous studies, this research examines the role of Internet usage and parental mediation in online victimization. Spanish children from rural public schools (10-12 years; n?=?1068) completed a self-report questionnaire which measured…

  11. Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994-2005. Highlights. NCES 2007-020

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, John; Lewis, Laurie

    2006-01-01

    The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) has employed its Fast Response Survey System (FRSS) to track access to information technology in schools and classrooms since 1994. This report presents key findings from the 2005 FRSS survey on Internet access in U.S. public schools and selected comparisons with data from previous FRSS…

  12. Cluster Analysis on Internet Public Opinion Literature%网络舆情文献聚类分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳香芬

    2012-01-01

    网络舆情的研究对维护当前的社会稳定、保证经济正常发展有着重要的作用。由于网络舆情研究的文献众多,理清其脉络、了解研究的热点和重点是网络舆情研究的基础。对中国知网中核心期刊内与网络舆情相关的论文进行了统计及聚类分析,将网络舆情的研究方向大致分类,并总结出统计规律,为今后的研究提供指引。%Research on internet public opinion has an important role to maintain the stability of social and ensure normal economic development.Since there are too many literatures on research of the Internet public opinion,understand the focus and emphasis of the study is the basis.In this paper,statistics and cluster analysis has been used on literatures in core journals about Internet public opinion in CNKI,classify the research of Internet public opinion and sum up the statistical laws of study,and provide some guidelines for future research.

  13. Plug in to the Utah Library Network, Reach Out to the World. Utah Library Network and Internet Training Handbook [for DOS]. Information Forum Publication #7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinwand, Louis; And Others

    This manual is designed to assist public libraries in Utah in their use of the Internet. Many of the examples used were created specifically to explain the use of products that the Utah Library Network provides for public libraries in Utah. The introduction provides background history and general information about the Internet and general…

  14. Linking People to the Global Networked Society. Evaluation of the Online at PA Libraries Project: Public Access to the Internet through Public Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Charles R.; Bertot, John Carlo

    This report provides an evaluation of the Online at PA Libraries project which was initiated in the Fall of 1996 by the Pennsylvania Department of Education's Office of Commonwealth Libraries and the Schuylkill Intermediate Unit. The report documents that the following goals were accomplished: (1) provide public access to the Internet through…

  15. Canadian Public Library Users are Unaware of Their Information Literacy Deficiencies as Related to Internet Use and Public Libraries are Challenged to Address These Needs. A Review of: Julien, Heidi and Cameron Hoffman. “Information Literacy Training in Canada’s Public Libraries.” Library Quarterly 78.1 (2008: 19‐41.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Ingrid Preddie

    2009-12-01

    level of information literacy and their feelings with regard to being information literate, the nature of their exposure to IL training, the benefits they derived from such training, and their desire for further training. Public service librarians and other staff were also interviewed in a similar manner. These questions sought to ascertain staff views on the role of the public library with regard to IL training; perceptions of the need for and expected outcomes of such training; as well as the current situation pertinent to the provision of IL skills training in their respective libraries in terms of staff competencies, resource allocation, and the forms of training and evaluation. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Data were interpreted via qualitative content analysis through the use of NVivo software.Main Results – Men were more frequent users of public library computers than women, outnumbering them by a ratio ranging from 2:1 to 3.4:1. Customers appeared to be mostly under the age of 30 and of diverse ethnicities. The average income of interviewed customers was less than the Canadian average. The site observations revealed that customers were seen using the Internet mainly for the purposes of communication (e.g., e‐mail, instant messaging, online dating services. Such use was observed 78 times in four of the libraries. Entertainment accounted for 43 observations in all five sites and comprised activities such as online games, music videos, and movie listings. Twenty‐eight observations involved business/financial uses (e.g., online shopping, exploration of investment sites, online banking. The use of search engines (25 observations, news information (23, foreign language and forum websites (21, and word processing were less frequently observed. Notably, there were only 20 observed library‐specific uses (e.g., searching online catalogues, online database and library websites. Customers reported that they used the Internet mainly for general web

  16. Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Bo; Bugg, Julie M

    2009-09-01

    An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at a state university. One hundred and thirty-one older adults aged 54-89 participated in the study between September 2007 and July 2008. Key findings include: a) participants had overwhelmingly positive perceptions of the training program; b) after learning about two NIH websites (http://nihseniorhealth.gov and http://medlineplus.gov) from the training, many participants started using these online resources to find high quality health and medical information and, further, to guide their decision-making regarding a health- or medically-related matter; and c) computer anxiety significantly decreased (p libraries, LIS academic programs, and other organizations interested in providing similar programs in their communities.

  17. Marketing Strategies Used to Promote Children's Medicine Sold on Internet Sites of Pharmaceutical Stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basch, Corey H; Roberts, Katherine J; Zagnit, Emily A; Martinez, Amairany

    2016-12-01

    Retail sales of over the counter (OTC) medications have risen steadily over the years; however, these products are not without potential risk. The aim of this study was to describe the marketing strategies used to promote OTC medicines to children and their parents. Data were collected from 187 product packaging of fever reducer, allergy, and cough medicines posted on the Internet sites of three of the largest pharmacies in the United States. Specific marketing information was collected related to flavorings and pictures appearing on the packaging. There was no significant difference between the type of medicine and whether they were flavored or not, as almost every product (95.7 %) indicated that it resembles a food flavoring. On almost all the packaging (92.5 %) the flavor was also indicated by words in different font sizes. Most of the products (83.4 %) showed a picture of a food product on their packaging. There was a significant difference between the medicine types by picture, with fever medicines having more pictures of food than either cough or allergy medicine. Stronger regulations of marketing strategies of these products are needed.

  18. Creating the Public Connection: Real-Time Internet Resources for Museums and Planetaria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, Ryan J.

    1995-05-01

    The ``Public Connection'' project, funded by NASA's Digital Library Technology Program, creates a link through which near-real-time data and imagery can flow via Rice University to the Houston Museum of Natural Science. The Museum's 2.4 million visitors per year will have access to current research in the form of planetarium programs, computer-based interactive kiosks, and space and earth science problem-solving simulations. The ``Earth Forum'' and ``Challenger Center'' problem-solving simulations, which attract school classes as well as individual visitors, will also include real-time data in the near future. This presentation introduces the first interactive display module (completed in the fall of 1994), on Comet Shoemaker--Levy 9, as well as the ``Earth Today'' exhibit, ``Space Update'' and ``Space Weather'' software, and other planetarium-oriented programs. We discuss the planetarium feature ``Connected!,'' which premiered in January 1995 and highlights recent results in space science available over the Internet. Also, the Museum's Burke Baker Planetarium has already co-hosted part of Rice University's Continuing Education program for ``Surfing the Solar System'' in addition to other Internet-oriented educational events. Finally, we address plans for future software that will enable planetaria to incorporate research results into live and pre-recorded programming. A World Wide Web page (http://space.rice.edu/hmns/connect.html) describes the project in more detail and allows users to download software for educational use. Suggestions for material (archival or realtime) to be included in any of these exhibits is appreciatively solicited.

  19. An Evaluation of Educational Neurological Eye Movement Disorder Videos Posted on Internet Video Sharing Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Simon J

    2016-03-01

    Internet video sharing sites allow the free dissemination of educational material. This study investigated the quality and educational content of videos of eye movement disorders posted on such sites. Educational neurological eye movement videos were identified by entering the titles of the eye movement abnormality into the search boxes of the video sharing sites. Also, suggested links were followed from each video. The number of views, likes, and dislikes for each video were recorded. The videos were then rated for their picture and sound quality. Their educational value was assessed according to whether the video included a description of the eye movement abnormality, the anatomical location of the lesion (if appropriate), and the underlying diagnosis. Three hundred fifty-four of these videos were found on YouTube and Vimeo. There was a mean of 6,443 views per video (range, 1-195,957). One hundred nineteen (33.6%) had no form of commentary about the eye movement disorder shown apart from the title. Forty-seven (13.3%) contained errors in the title or in the text. Eighty (22.6%) had excellent educational value by describing the eye movement abnormality, the anatomical location of the lesion, and the underlying diagnosis. Of these, 30 also had good picture and sound quality. The videos with excellent educational value had a mean of 9.84 "likes" per video compared with 2.37 for those videos without a commentary (P educational value with good picture and sound quality had a mean of 10.23 "likes" per video (P = 0.004 vs videos with no commentary). There was no significant difference in the mean number of "dislikes" between those videos that had no commentary or which contained errors and those with excellent educational value. There are a large number of eye movement videos freely available on these sites; however, due to the lack of peer review, a significant number have poor educational value due to having no commentary or containing errors. The number of "likes

  20. Are Internet use and video-game-playing addictive behaviors? Biological, clinical and public health implications for youths and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yau, Yvonne H C; Crowley, Michael J; Mayes, Linda C; Potenza, Marc N

    2012-09-01

    Internet use and video-game playing are experiencing rapid growth among both youth and adult populations. Research suggests that a minority of users experience symptoms traditionally associated with substance-related addictions. Mental health professionals, policy makers and the general public continue to debate the issue of Internet addiction (IA) and problematic video-game playing (PVG). This review identifies existing studies into the clinical and biological characteristics of these disorders that may help guide decisions as to whether or not IA and PVG should be grouped together with substance use disorders (SUDs).

  1. Developing an internet presence for your practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maley, Catherine; Baum, Neil

    2009-01-01

    Yesterday, it was the Yellow Pages that informed the public where and how to reach their physicians. Today, it is the Internet. With the Internet, patients have 24/7 access to your practice that will do far more than any Yellow Pages or advertising could possibly do. This article discusses the importance of the Internet for the contemporary physician and how to create a useful and interactive Web site.

  2. MapSite - an Internet map service of the National Land Survey of Finland gets dressed up with modern technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jere Rajalin

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available MapSite of the National Land Survey of Finland was the first national Internet map service in Europe. It was launched in September 1996. Since then the service has been a huge success. Until now it has almost 300,000 users in all, the number of paying customers is over 2,000. In the spring of 2001 National Land Survey (NLS started a project to produce a new Internet map service to replace the old MapSite. The developing project is divided in three phases. In the first phase services of paying customers are renewed. Free of charge map browsing service is being modernised in the second phase. Totally new services may be produced in the third phase.

  3. Public concerns and the public role in siting nuclear and chemical waste facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Branden B.

    1987-09-01

    Nuclear and chemical waste facilities can be successfully sited, despite nimby responses, if siting programs account for the sources of public concern. Irrational fear is not the main source; instead, waste managers must deal with perceived inequities in the distribution of benefits and costs, and concern about facility safety. Benefit-cost inequities may be dealt with in part by keeping wastes where they are generated, through political restrictions, or by providing economic compensation and political incentives (for example, a local veto). Assuring people of facility safety includes allowing local control (monitoring, health assessment, regulation), and enhancing trust of facility managers through such means as rectifying past mistakes, individual-oriented education campaigns, and negotiation of compensation packages with local residents. These means should reduce —without eliminating—public opposition to local siting of nuclear and chemical waste facilities.

  4. A Review on Internet of Things for Defense and Public Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraga-Lamas, Paula; Fernández-Caramés, Tiago M; Suárez-Albela, Manuel; Castedo, Luis; González-López, Miguel

    2016-10-05

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is undeniably transforming the way that organizations communicate and organize everyday businesses and industrial procedures. Its adoption has proven well suited for sectors that manage a large number of assets and coordinate complex and distributed processes. This survey analyzes the great potential for applying IoT technologies (i.e., data-driven applications or embedded automation and intelligent adaptive systems) to revolutionize modern warfare and provide benefits similar to those in industry. It identifies scenarios where Defense and Public Safety (PS) could leverage better commercial IoT capabilities to deliver greater survivability to the warfighter or first responders, while reducing costs and increasing operation efficiency and effectiveness. This article reviews the main tactical requirements and the architecture, examining gaps and shortcomings in existing IoT systems across the military field and mission-critical scenarios. The review characterizes the open challenges for a broad deployment and presents a research roadmap for enabling an affordable IoT for defense and PS.

  5. A Review on Internet of Things for Defense and Public Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Fraga-Lamas

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT is undeniably transforming the way that organizations communicate and organize everyday businesses and industrial procedures. Its adoption has proven well suited for sectors that manage a large number of assets and coordinate complex and distributed processes. This survey analyzes the great potential for applying IoT technologies (i.e., data-driven applications or embedded automation and intelligent adaptive systems to revolutionize modern warfare and provide benefits similar to those in industry. It identifies scenarios where Defense and Public Safety (PS could leverage better commercial IoT capabilities to deliver greater survivability to the warfighter or first responders, while reducing costs and increasing operation efficiency and effectiveness. This article reviews the main tactical requirements and the architecture, examining gaps and shortcomings in existing IoT systems across the military field and mission-critical scenarios. The review characterizes the open challenges for a broad deployment and presents a research roadmap for enabling an affordable IoT for defense and PS.

  6. A Review on Internet of Things for Defense and Public Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraga-Lamas, Paula; Fernández-Caramés, Tiago M.; Suárez-Albela, Manuel; Castedo, Luis; González-López, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is undeniably transforming the way that organizations communicate and organize everyday businesses and industrial procedures. Its adoption has proven well suited for sectors that manage a large number of assets and coordinate complex and distributed processes. This survey analyzes the great potential for applying IoT technologies (i.e., data-driven applications or embedded automation and intelligent adaptive systems) to revolutionize modern warfare and provide benefits similar to those in industry. It identifies scenarios where Defense and Public Safety (PS) could leverage better commercial IoT capabilities to deliver greater survivability to the warfighter or first responders, while reducing costs and increasing operation efficiency and effectiveness. This article reviews the main tactical requirements and the architecture, examining gaps and shortcomings in existing IoT systems across the military field and mission-critical scenarios. The review characterizes the open challenges for a broad deployment and presents a research roadmap for enabling an affordable IoT for defense and PS. PMID:27782052

  7. Factors influencing the utilization of the public Internet terminal system in two rural communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Coleman

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This research investigated the factors that influence the use of the public Internet terminal (PIT system in the Taung and Ganyesa communities. The PIT system is placed in many post offices in these communities but the service is not adequately used by these rural community members. The overall objective of this study was to investigate, develop and recommend a solution for providing the rural communities of Taung and Gyanesa with a simple and effective way to access and utilize the PIT service and the information on it. A case study approach was used for the purpose of this study which gathered a number of findings, including lack of awareness of PIT services, lack of computer skills and confidence, and fear of technology. Other findings were the overloading of information on the PIT, use of language (not the mother tongue, and the slow response of the PIT system. The findings from this study led to some recommendations and a model for PIT use in rural communities.

  8. No site unseen: predicting the failure to control problematic Internet use among young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Tetsuhiro; Moshier, Samantha J; Otto, Michael W

    2016-11-01

    Problematic Internet use has been associated with the neglect of valued activities such as work, exercise, social activities, and relationships. In the present study, we expanded the understanding of problematic Internet use by identifying an important predictor of the inability to curb Internet use despite the desire to do so. Specifically, in a college student sample reporting a mean of 27.8 h of recreational Internet use in the past week, we investigated the role of distress intolerance (DI)-an individual difference variable that refers to the inability of an individual to tolerate emotional discomfort and to engage in goal-directed behavior when distressed-to predict the failure to meet personal restrictions on Internet use. Consistent with hypotheses, DI emerged as a significant predictor of the failure to meet self-control goals in both bivariate and multivariate models, indicating that DI offers unique prediction of self-control failure with problematic Internet use. Given that DI is a modifiable trait, these results encourage consideration of DI-focused early intervention strategies.

  9. lightsources.org: An Internet Site for Light SourceCommunication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robinson, Art

    2004-10-04

    Research at the world's accelerator- (storage-ring and linac) based light sources is one of the most dynamic and rapidly growing fields of science. It frequently results in direct benefits to society, thereby demonstrating the value of the research with very concrete examples, but this is not widely understood or appreciated outside of the immediate user community. Our growing group of light source communicators from facilities in Europe, Asia, and the Americas, inspired by the Interactions.org Web site created by high-energy (elementary-particle)physics communicators, concluded that a light source community Web site (lightsources.org) would be the best tool for establishing effective collaboration between the communications offices of the world's light sources and to maximize the impact of our efforts. We envision lightsources.org to serve as a one-stop-shopping site for information about all aspects of light sources and the research they make possible. Audiences to be served include science communicators, the press, policymakers, the light source community, the wider scientific community, the science-interested public, and students and educators. Our proposal has been sent to the world's light source facility directors by J. Murray Gibson (APS) and William G. Stirling (ESRF). As a result,light sources.org is now being supported by a growing list of facilities from Europe, North America, and Asia. We hope to launch lightsources.org before the end of 2004.

  10. 78 FR 6027 - Internet Publication of Administrative Seizure and Forfeiture Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ... increasing costs associated with newspaper advertising, and CBP's flexibility to use newspaper advertising in...: One commenter, agreeing that Internet posting is an effective replacement for newspaper advertising of... iterates that replacing newspaper publishing with Internet publishing will reduce its advertising costs....

  11. Public relations – the tools for unilateral communication and dialogue on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Tworzydło

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of technology and IT tools have brought about an extraordinary acceleration of the public relations branch around the whole world. We live in the times of revolution in communication, in which one year is whole eternity. Messages, the speed of their publication, the tools are changing. The sender and the recipient, who have become used to the dynamics of the message and the fact that it is and will be distributed without spatial and temporal limitations, are changing too. Netscape browser, wp.pl, the era of Wikipedia, Facebook, dynamically developing YouTube, or Nasza Klasa, Twitter and a whole range of other tools from the scope of social media, as well as monitoring systems – these are just chosen stages, or as others think, milestones in the pursuit of novelty and new forms of distribution of information. It is in times like these that public relations experts have to create, send and receive messages. Back at the end of 1990’s hardly anyone expected that such changes could take place. It is also hard to predict what we will see in a few, or a dozen years. One thing is certain, namely, that changes will be taking place and will be even faster than now. As the currently modern media already have a significant impact on voting decisions, or social transformation, the process is analysed and studied in detail. Moreover, what is subject to research is the question whether communication on the Internet should be based on mass communication, or rather on an individual approach. Private individuals make decisions based on their own needs, but companies have to analyse many factors that influence final decisions concerning the choice of tools, or the very decision concerning communication. Among these factors there are: scope, availability of tools, even the branch in which a company is active. This article includes a presentation of chosen tools used in the process of unilateral communication with the environment, but also tools

  12. Internet food marketing strategies aimed at children and adolescents: a content analysis of food and beverage brand web sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Kristi; Story, Mary; Harnack, Lisa

    2006-09-01

    Americans are spending an increasing amount of time using "new media" like the Internet. There has been little research examining food and beverage Web sites' content and marketing practices, especially those that attract children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to conduct a content analysis of food- and beverage-brand Web sites and the marketing techniques and advertising strategies present on these sites. The top five brands in eight food and beverage categories, 40 brands in total, were selected based on annual sales data from Brandweek magazine's annual "Superbrands" report. Data were collected using a standardized coding form. The results show a wide variety of Internet marketing techniques and advertising strategies targeting children and adolescents. "Advergaming" (games in which the advertised product is part of the game) was present on 63% of the Web sites. Half or more of the Web sites used cartoon characters (50%) or spokescharacters (55%), or had a specially designated children's area (58%) with a direct link from the homepage. With interactive media still in its developmental stage, there is a need to develop safeguards for children. Food and nutrition professionals need to advocate for responsible marketing techniques that will support the health of children.

  13. Mapping publication trends and identifying hot spots of research on Internet health information seeking behavior: a quantitative and co-word biclustering analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fan; Li, Min; Guan, Peng; Ma, Shuang; Cui, Lei

    2015-03-25

    The Internet has become an established source of health information for people seeking health information. In recent years, research on the health information seeking behavior of Internet users has become an increasingly important scholarly focus. However, there have been no long-term bibliometric studies to date on Internet health information seeking behavior. The purpose of this study was to map publication trends and explore research hot spots of Internet health information seeking behavior. A bibliometric analysis based on PubMed was conducted to investigate the publication trends of research on Internet health information seeking behavior. For the included publications, the annual publication number, the distribution of countries, authors, languages, journals, and annual distribution of highly frequent major MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms were determined. Furthermore, co-word biclustering analysis of highly frequent major MeSH terms was utilized to detect the hot spots in this field. A total of 533 publications were included. The research output was gradually increasing. There were five authors who published four or more articles individually. A total of 271 included publications (50.8%) were written by authors from the United States, and 516 of the 533 articles (96.8%) were published in English. The eight most active journals published 34.1% (182/533) of the publications on this topic. Ten research hot spots were found: (1) behavior of Internet health information seeking about HIV infection or sexually transmitted diseases, (2) Internet health information seeking behavior of students, (3) behavior of Internet health information seeking via mobile phone and its apps, (4) physicians' utilization of Internet medical resources, (5) utilization of social media by parents, (6) Internet health information seeking behavior of patients with cancer (mainly breast cancer), (7) trust in or satisfaction with Web-based health information by consumers, (8

  14. L’identité des hôpitaux à partir de leurs sites Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Dammak

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available À travers l’analyse qualitative de sites Internet, les auteurs cherchent à comprendre l’évolution de l’identité des hôpitaux. Devant la difficulté conceptuelle du terme d’identité, souvent galvaudé, ils proposent une nouvelle grille de lecture de l’identité territoriale autour d’un triptyque : imaginaire, imagerie, image. Ils mettent en évidence l’importance d’une identité territoriale de l'hôpital qui se structure tant bien que mal autour de trois imaginaires : un imaginaire républicain contesté ; un imaginaire du soin oscillant entre une vision traditionnelle et une logique de service ; enfin une déterritorialisation de l’identité mettant l’hôpital en dehors de la sphère du soin.The identity of French hospitals through their websitesThrough a qualitative study of websites, the authors seek to understand the evolution of the identity of French hospitals. Considering the difficulty to define the concept of identity, they propose a new interpretative framework of territorial identity around a triptych: imaginary, imaging, and image. They highlight the importance of territorial identity of the hospital structured by three imaginary: first a republican imaginary that is challenged; secondly an imaginary of care, between traditional vision and logic of service; and finally a deterritorialization of traditional identity, so that hospital is out of the world of care.La identidad de los hospitales según sus escaparates en la redA partir del análisis cualitativo de los lugares de la red, los autores intentan aprehender la evolución de la identidad de los hospitales. Frente a la dificultad conceptual del termino tan manido de “identidad”, los autores proponen un nuevo panel de análisis de la identidad territorial a partir de un tríptico: imaginario, imaginaría e imagen. Resaltan la importancia de una identidad territorial del hospital a su vez construida laboriosamente a partir de tres imaginarios: un

  15. The evolution of public relations and the use of the internet: the implications for health care organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkowitz, Eric N

    2007-01-01

    Over the past several years the discipline and practice of public relations has evolved. Historically, this field within health care organizations was a one-way management of communications and often was reactive in nature dealing with a crisis situation with an organization. Recent theoretical development within the discipline suggests that public relations involves more relationship building with key constituencies and on-going-dialogue. Concomitant with this evolution is the technological development of the internet. Most particularly is the use of podcasting and blogging as key tools which have been underutilized by health car providers but have significant potential in both communication and relationship opportunities as discussed in this article.

  16. 40 CFR 60.1130 - How do I make my siting analysis available to the public?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Distribute your siting analysis and revised materials separation plan to the main public libraries in the... location of the public libraries where the public can find your siting analysis and revised materials... available to the public? 60.1130 Section 60.1130 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...

  17. Corporate WEB-site, as the strategy of the company on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Sidorchuk, Roman, Jr.

    2010-01-01

    Lack of activity of the Russian wholesale and production companies operating in the food market leads to a shortfall in profits in the new market segments. The article discusses the prospects «Business to Business» on the Internet for these companies. In conclusion examines the prospects for further research.

  18. Corporate WEB-site, as a strategy of the company on the Internet.

    OpenAIRE

    Sidorchuk, Roman, Jr.

    2010-01-01

    Lack of activity of the Russian wholesale and production companies operating in the food market leads to a shortfall in profits in the new market segments. The article discusses the prospects «Business to Business» on the Internet for these companies. In conclusion examines the prospects for further research.

  19. Public health concerns for anti-obesity medicines imported for personal use through the internet: a cross-sectional study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi; Nakanishi, Yoko; Yoshida, Naoko; Tsuboi, Hirohito; Kimura, Kazuko

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the circulation of anti-obesity medicines via the internet and their quality. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Internet pharmacies and pharmaceutical suppliers accessible from Japan. Participants Anti-obesity medicines were purchased using relevant keywords on Japanese Google search engine. Blogs and advertisement-only sites were excluded. Primary and secondary outcome measures The authenticity of the samples was investigated in collaboration with the manufacturers of the samples and medicine regulatory authorities. Quality of the samples was assessed by pharmacopoeial analyses using high-performance liquid chromatography. Results 82 samples were purchased from 36 internet sites. Approximately half of the sites did not mention a physical address, and 45% of the samples did not contain a package insert. A variety of custom declarations were made for the shipments of the samples: personal health items, supplement, medicines, general merchandise, tea and others. Among 82 samples, 52 samples were analysed to check their pharmacopoeial quality. Authenticity responses were received from only five of 20 manufacturing companies. According to the pharmacopoeial analyses and authenticity investigation, three of the samples were identified as counterfeits and did not contain any active ingredients. Two of these samples were confirmed as counterfeits by the manufacturer of the authentic products. The manufacturer of the other sample did not respond to our request for an authenticity check even after several communication attempts. These counterfeit cases have been reported at the rapid alert system of Western Pacific Region of the WHO. Conclusions Many counterfeit and unapproved anti-obesity medicines may be easily bypassing regulatory checks during shipping and are widely circulated through the internet. Regulatory authorities should take measures to prevent these medicines from entering countries to safeguard their citizens. PMID:22581794

  20. Increasing Public Awareness of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Tests: Health Care Access, Internet Use, and Population Density Correlates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lila J. Finney Rutten

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Uncertainty around the value of and appropriate regulatory models for direct-to-consumer (DTC genetic testing underscores the importance of tracking public awareness of these services. We analyzed nationally representative, cross-sectional data from the Health Information National Trends Survey in 2008 (n=7,674 and 2011 (n=3,959 to assess population-level changes in awareness of DTC genetic testing in the U.S. and to explore sociodemographic, health care, Internet use, and population density correlates. Overall, awareness increased significantly from 29% in 2008 to 37% in 2011. The observed increase in awareness from 2008 to 2011 remained significant (OR=1.39 even when adjusted for sociodemographic variables, health care access, Internet use, and population density. Independent of survey year, the odds of awareness of DTC genetic tests were significantly higher for those aged 50–64 (OR=1.64, and 65–74 (OR=1.60; college graduates (OR=2.02; those with a regular source of health care (OR=1.27; those with a prior cancer diagnosis (OR=1.24; those who use the Internet (OR=1.27; and those living in urban areas (OR=1.25. Surveillance of awareness—along with empirical data on use of and response to genetic risk information—can inform public health and policy efforts to maximize benefits and minimize risks of DTC genetic testing.

  1. Searching the Internet for drug-related web sites: analysis of online available information on ecstasy (MDMA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deluca, Paolo; Schifano, Fabrizio

    2007-01-01

    Although the Internet is a growing source of information on MDMA/ecstasy, no studies so far have investigated the level and quality of ecstasy information available to the typical Web user. In the present study, 280 Web sites were identified and analyzed; 50.4% had an anti-drug approach, 16.2% a harm reduction approach, and 24.8% a pro-drug approach. MDMA pro-drug Web sites appeared significantly earlier in the search engines' results list than both anti-drug and harm reduction Web sites (F (3; 159) = 3.288; p = .022). This study represents the first systematic analysis of information available online on ecstasy. Implications for further research are discussed.

  2. 一种基于PKI的密钥%An Internet Key Exchange Protocol Based on Public Key Infrastructure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建明; 马建峰

    2004-01-01

    Internet key exchange (IKE) is an automated key exchange mechanism that is used to facilitate the transfer of IPSec security associations (SAs).Public key infrastructure (PKI) is considered as a key element for providing security to new distributed communication networks and services.In this paper, we concentrate on the properties of the protocol of Phase 1 IKE.After investigating IKE protocol and PKI technology, we combine IKE protocol and PKI and present an implementation scheme of the IKE based on PKI.Then, we give a logic analysis of the proposed protocol with the BAN-logic and discuss the security of the protocol.The result indicates that the protocol is correct and satisfies the security requirements of Internet key exchange.

  3. History Sources on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Kenneth D.

    This paper provides descriptions of key online history resources useful to teachers, librarians, and other education professionals. Highlights include: primary sources on the Internet; archives; Online Public Access Catalogs (OPACs); the American Historical Association (AHA) Web site; state and federal government resources; business history…

  4. Public hospital quality report awareness: evidence from National and Californian Internet searches and social media mentions, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huesch, Marco D; Currid-Halkett, Elizabeth; Doctor, Jason N

    2014-03-11

    Publicly available hospital quality reports seek to inform consumers of important healthcare quality and affordability attributes, and may inform consumer decision-making. To understand how much consumers search for such information online on one Internet search engine, whether they mention such information in social media and how positively they view this information. A leading Internet search engine (Google) was the main focus of the study. Google Trends and Google Adwords keyword analyses were performed for national and Californian searches between 1 August 2012 and 31 July 2013 for keywords related to 'top hospital', best hospital', and 'hospital quality', as well as for six specific hospital quality reports. Separately, a proprietary social media monitoring tool was used to investigate blog, forum, social media and traditional media mentions of, and sentiment towards, major public reports of hospital quality in California in 2012. (1) Counts of searches for keywords performed on Google; (2) counts of and (3) sentiment of mentions of public reports on social media. National Google search volume for 75 hospital quality-related terms averaged 610 700 searches per month with strong variation by keyword and by state. A commercial report (Healthgrades) was more commonly searched for nationally on Google than the federal government's Hospital Compare, which otherwise dominated quality-related search terms. Social media references in California to quality reports were generally few, and commercially produced hospital quality reports were more widely mentioned than state (Office of Statewide Healthcare Planning and Development (OSHPD)), or non-profit (CalHospitalCompare) reports. Consumers are somewhat aware of hospital quality based on Internet search activity and social media disclosures. Public stakeholders may be able to broaden their quality dissemination initiatives by advertising on Google or Twitter and using social media interactively with consumers looking

  5. Testosterone replacement therapy and the internet: an assessment of providers' health-related web site information content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oberlin, Daniel T; Masson, Puneet; Brannigan, Robert E

    2015-04-01

    To compare how providers of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in large metropolitan cities promote androgen replacement on their patient-oriented Web sites. TRT provider Web sites were identified using Google search and the terms "Testosterone replacement" and the name of the 5 most populous US cities. These Web sites were assessed for (1) type or specialty of medical provider, (2) discussion of the benefits and risks of TRT, and (3) industry affiliations. In total, 75 Web sites were evaluated. Twenty-seven of the 75 clinics (36%) were directed by nonphysicians, 35 (47%) were overseen by nonurology or nonendocrine physicians, and only 13 (17%) were specialist managed. Fourteen of 75 (18.6%) Web sites disclosed industry relationships. Ninety-five percent of Web sites promoted the benefits of TRT including improved sex drive, cognitive improvement, increased muscle strength, and/or improved energy. Only 20 of 75 Web sites (26.6%) described any side effect of TRT. Web sites directed by specialists were twice as likely to discuss risks of TRT compared with nonspecialist providers (41% vs 20%; odds ratio = 2.77; P <.01). Nine of 75 (12%) of all Web sites actually refuted that TRT was associated with significant side effects. Urologists and endocrinologists are in the minority of providers promoting TRT on the Internet. Specialists are more likely to discuss risks associated with TRT although the majority of surveyed Web sites that promote TRT do not mention treatment risks. There is substantial variability in quality and quantity of information on provider Web sites, which may contribute to misinformation regarding this prevalent health issue. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Internet Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehr, William H.; Pupillo, Lorenzo Maria

    The Internet is now widely regarded as essential infrastructure for our global economy and society. It is in our homes and businesses. We use it to communicate and socialize, for research, and as a platform for E-commerce. In the late 1990s, much was predicted about what the Internet has become at present; but now, we have actual experience living with the Internet as a critical component of our everyday lives. Although the Internet has already had profound effects, there is much we have yet to realize. The present volume represents a third installment in a collaborative effort to highlight the all-encompassing, multidisciplinary implications of the Internet for public policy. The first installment was conceived in 1998, when we initiated plans to organize an international conference among academic, industry, and government officials to discuss the growing policy agenda posed by the Internet. The conference was hosted by the European Commission in Brussels in 1999 and brought together a diverse mix of perspectives on what the pressing policy issues would be confronting the Internet. All of the concerns identified remain with us today, including how to address the Digital Divide, how to modify intellectual property laws to accommodate the new realities of the Internet, what to do about Internet governance and name-space management, and how to evolve broadcast and telecommunications regulatory frameworks for a converged world.

  7. 77 FR 58867 - Public Land Order No. 7799; Withdrawal of Public Land for the Rock Springs Administrative Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Bureau of Land Management Public Land Order No. 7799; Withdrawal of Public Land for the Rock Springs... the Rock Springs Administrative Site addition. DATES: Effective Date: September 24, 2012. FOR FURTHER... the Rock Springs Administrative Site addition. The land has been and will remain open to...

  8. Satisfying needs through Social Networking Sites: A pathway towards problematic Internet use for socially anxious people?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Casale

    2015-06-01

    Conclusions: The present results extend our understanding of the development of problematic use of Internet communicative services, based on the framework of the dual factor model of Facebook use and the Self Determination Theory. The fulfillment of an unmet need for self-presentation (i.e. the desire to create a positive impression of one's self in others through SNSs could be one of the possible pathways to GPIU for socially anxious males.

  9. Current Views and Perspectives on E-Mental Health: An Exploratory Survey Study for Understanding Public Attitudes Toward Internet-Based Psychotherapy in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apolinário-Hagen, Jennifer; Vehreschild, Viktor; Alkoudmani, Ramez M

    2017-02-23

    Despite the advanced development of evidence-based psychological treatment services, help-seeking persons with mental health problems often fail to receive appropriate professional help. Internet-delivered psychotherapy has thus been suggested as an efficient strategy to overcome barriers to access mental health care on a large scale. However, previous research indicated poor public acceptability as an issue for the dissemination of Internet-delivered therapies. Currently, little is known about the expectations and attitudes toward Internet-delivered therapies in the general population. This is especially the case for countries such as Germany where electronic mental health (e-mental health) treatment services are planned to be implemented in routine care. This pilot study aimed to determine the expectations and attitudes toward Internet-based psychotherapy in the general population in Germany. Furthermore, it aimed to explore the associations between attitudes toward Internet-based therapies and perceived stress. To assess public attitudes toward Internet-based psychotherapy, we conducted both Web-based and paper-and-pencil surveys using a self-developed 14-item questionnaire (Cronbach alpha=.89). Psychological distress was measured by employing a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the 20-item German version of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ). In addition, we conducted explorative factor analysis (principal axis factor analysis with promax rotation). Spearman's rank correlations were used to determine the associations between attitudes toward Internet-based therapies and perceived stress. Descriptive analyses revealed that most respondents (N=1558; female: 78.95%, 1230/1558) indicated being not aware of the existence of Internet-delivered therapies (83.46%, 1141/1367). The average age was 32 years (standard deviation, SD 10.9; range 16-76). Through exploratory factor analysis, we identified 3 dimensions of public attitudes toward Internet-based therapies

  10. Level of Eletronic Disclosure of Public Accounting of Municipalities of Paraná in the Internet Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Maria Gonçalves Franco

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective is to identify the level of electronic transparency of financial statements in municipal districts, arranged in the internet environment. The research presents descriptive approach, ex-post facto, held in October of 2011. The study is based on legislation and literature of Accounting Science and Public Administration. Among respects, it was found that 81.25 % of municipalities with 50,000 or more inhabitants provide reports of the Fiscal Responsibility Law in their web pages and this figure drops to 29.43% in municipalities with fewer than 50,000 inhabitants. It is a significant number of municipalities that do not use electronics to publicize their acts , corresponding to 70.57 %, or 259 municipalities out of the total surveyed. It is emphasized that transparency of public accounts is of limitations in terms of availability of information, so he will need improvement and viability for the benefit of the results.

  11. A Internet e a enfermagem: construção de um site sobre administração de medicamentos Internet y enfermería: construcción de un "site" sobre administración de medicamentos The Internet and the nursing: construction of a site about administration of medications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Borges da Silva

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo identificar sites existentes na internet sobre o tema Administração de Medicamentos e construir e avaliar um site específico desta temática. Dos 158 sites existentes e disponíveis no banco de dados da ferramenta de busca Alta Vista, 17 destes apresentavam alguma relação com o tema tratando de farmacologia, propaganda e informações sobre remédio, tecnologias e divulgação de portarias. O restante tratava de assuntos diversos. Face a pouca disponibilidade desse recurso, foi construído o site denominado O processo de Administração de Medicamentos em foco tendo como meta divulgar investigações sobre esta temática reunidas nos seguintes tópicos: erros, tecnologia, complicações, núcleo do CNPq e equipe. A avaliação deste site foi feita por 2 analistas de sistemas, 2 técnicos de informática e 4 docentes de enfermagem mostrou que a qualidade das páginas, o tempo de resposta, os vínculos, carregamento de imagens e conteúdo como estando entre excelente e satisfatório.Este estudio tuvo por objetivo identificar "sites" existentes en la Internet sobre el tema Administración de medicamentos y construir y evaluar un "site" especifico de ésta temática. De los 158 "sites" exigentes y disponibles en el banco de datos de la herramienta de búsqueda Altavista, 17 de estos presentaban alguna relación con el tema tratando de farmacología, propaganda e informaciones sobre remedios, tecnologías y divulgación de disposiciones legales. El restante trataba de asuntos diversos. De cara a la poca disponibilidad de este recurso fue construido un "site" denominado El proceso de administración de medicamentos en foco, teniendo como meta divulgar investigaciones sobre ésta temática y relacionadas con los siguientes tópicos: errores, tecnologia, complicaciones, núcleo del CNPq y equipo. La evaluación de este "site" fue hecha por 2 analistas de sistemas, 2 técnicos de informática y 4 docentes de enfermer

  12. Acesso a informações de saúde na internet: uma questão de saúde pública? Access to health information on the internet: a public health issue?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Azevedo Moretti

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avançar no entendimento sobre o perfil do usuário e as tendências de busca por informações de saúde na internet. MÉTODOS: As análises foram feitas a partir de 1.828 indivíduos que responderam a um questionário eletrônico disponibilizado em um portal de saúde de grande acesso. Paralelamente, por meio do método de "survey de elites", 20 especialistas foram entrevistados para avaliar estratégias de controle de qualidade das informações de saúde veiculadas na rede. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se o predomínio de usuários do gênero feminino que buscam informações para própria saúde(= 90%, que consideram a internet uma de suas principais fontes de informação em saúde (86% e passam de 5 a 35 horas na web por semana (62%. Atribui-se alta confiança às informações vindas de especialistas (76% e baixa confiança na televisão, rádio ou blogs (14%. CONCLUSãO: Conclui-se que a internet tem-se mostrado uma fonte de informação em saúde de grande relevância para população e que a certificação de sites é uma estratégia a ser considerada, na perspectiva de melhoria da qualidade das informações e promoção da saúde pública.OBJECTIVE: To progress in the understanding of the user profile and of search trends for health information on the internet. METHODS: Analyses were performed based on 1,828 individuals who completed an electronic questionnaire available on a very popular health website. At the same time, through the "elite survey" method, 20 specialists were interviewed, aiming at assessing quality control strategies regarding health information disseminated online. RESULTS: A predominance of female users who research information for themselves (= 90%, who consider the internet one of their main sources of health information (86%, and who spend from 5 to 35 hours online every week (62% was verified. High reliability is assigned to information from specialists (76%, and low reliability to television, radio, or

  13. Is ICANN Using Public International Law as a Panacea for Internet Governance Issues?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rachovitsa, Adamantia

    2016-01-01

    Internet governance has been developed in the realm of informality. Significant institutions, arrangements and private regulation have flourished to manage and ultimately define the Internet’s functioning. Informality renders these modes of governance, in principle, invisible in the eye of the

  14. Rise of the Digitized Public Intellectual: Death of the Professor in the Network Neutral Internet Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    The centralised discourse claiming ownership of "knowledge" and "higher education" seems to be declining as the decentralising discourse extolling open source software and informal social network communication are emerging: yet the two are complementary when higher education is seen as a commodity. Thus, in the internet age of…

  15. The Acceptability of an Internet-Based Self-Help Treatment for Fear of Public Speaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botella, C.; Gallego, M. J.; Garcia-Palacios, A.; Banos, R. M.; Quero, S.; Alcaniz, M.

    2009-01-01

    Several randomised controlled studies have shown the efficacy of Internet-based self-help treatments. These studies have centred their attention on axis I (efficacy) of the Guidelines for Empirically Validated Treatments, although there are a few studies that also take into account axis II (effectiveness). The aim of the present work was to test…

  16. Setting of Internet Public Opinion and Public Policy Agenda%网络舆情与公共政策议程的设置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史杨

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,Internet known as the "fourth media" rapidly rises.Network transmission has become an important platform for the public to express opinion,participate in political life and supervise public opinion.More and more public chooses to participate in governmental public policy-making process through the network.China's governments at all levels pay more attention to the public opinion of Internet,get to know public needs,formulate and adjust municipal policy through the network.However,the public opinion of Internet as a new thing shows both advantages and disadvantages which have the potential to cause social instability while promoting the sound development of society.Therefore,we should clearly understand the status quo of China's network and positively guide and make it advance toward to the development of social harmony.%近年来,被称为"第四媒体"的网络迅速崛起,网络传播方式也成为公众表达民意、参与政治生活以及进行舆论监督的重要平台,越来越多的公众选择通过网络参与政府公共政策的制定过程。我国各级政府对网络舆情也愈来越重视,通过网络了解民情,制定和调整市政方针,已成为我国政府施政的一种新形式。然而,网络舆情作为新生事物它的发展既有利又有弊,在促进社会良性发展的同时也有可能给社会造成不安定的因素。因此,我们应该在清楚了解我国网络舆情的现状的前提下积极加以引导,使之朝有利于社会和谐的方向发展。

  17. 78 FR 66420 - Proposed Enhancements to the Motor Carrier Safety Measurement System (SMS) Public Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... System (SMS) Public Web Site AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION... enhancements to the display of information on the Agency's Safety Measurement System (SMS) public Web site... and Fitness Electronic Records System (SAFER) Web site. Displaying current insurance and authority...

  18. Examining Factors Influencing Internet Addiction and Adolescent Risk Behaviors Among Excessive Internet Users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Qiaolei; Huang, Xiuqin; Tao, Ran

    2017-08-29

    In China, public concern continues to mount regarding the risks of excessive Internet use among adolescents. This study investigated the factors influencing Internet addiction and adolescent risk behaviors among excessive Internet users. Proposing a conceptual model with a theoretical origin in risk behavior theory and media dependency theory, this study examined the influence of personality traits, online gaming, Internet connectedness (both the overall index and various scopes), and demographics on Internet addiction and risk behaviors (smoking, drinking, gambling, and risky sexual behaviors). Clinical data (N = 467) were retrieved from one of the earliest and largest Internet addiction clinics in China. The findings reveal that certain personality traits are significantly associated with Internet addiction and risk behaviors. Online gaming had a strong impact on both Internet addiction and risk behaviors among excessive Internet users. The study also reveals that various scopes of Internet connectedness, such as site scope, facilitate addictive Internet use, and risk behaviors among adolescents. The findings can contribute to the prevention of and intervention into Internet addiction and adolescent risk behaviors.

  19. Denotation and connotation in public representation: Semantic network analysis of Hwang supporters' internet dialogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Leo

    2013-04-01

    This article analyzes the internet discourses of Korean people who supported Hwang Woo Suk despite the disclosure of his scientific misconduct. During the controversial period, those who supported Hwang constructed a narrative of a fallen hero trapped by jealous rivals and an "unjust" society. The supporters' dramatized discourses compete with expert opinions of Seoul National University's Audit Board and prosecutors that investigated the scientific fraud. By introducing and applying an innovative method of semantic network analysis, this study explores how the supporters represent their personal concerns in daily life and latent social problems in South Korea, as well as the failure of science communication. In short, the supporters' internet representations connote concerns in daily life that motivated their sympathy and activism for Hwang.

  20. Internet treatment of sexually transmitted infections – a public health hazard?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schelenz Silke

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Owing to the stigma associated with sexually transmitted infections, patients may prefer to keep their illness private, and choose instead to try self-treatment remedies from the internet. However, such remedies may prove hazardous if the sellers do not provide detailed advice on adverse effects, or on avoiding transmission and re-infection. We conducted an internet search to determine the availability of treatments for STIs and the nature of information provided by vendors of these treatments. Methods We conducted a systematic internet search using five different search engines in February 2007. The search term included the words "self treatment" and the name of six different common STIs. We visited the vendors' websites and recorded any information on the formulation, adverse effects, cautions, and prevention of infection. Results We identified a total of 77 treatments from 52 different companies, most of which were sold from the UK and US. The available remedies were predominantly for topical use and consisted mainly of homeopathic remedies. Only a small proportion of the web-listed products gave details on adverse effects, contraindications and interactions (22%, 25% and 9% respectively. Similarly, web vendors seldom provided advice on treatment of sexual contacts (20% of chlamydia and 25% of gonorrhea treatments or on preventive measures (13%. Conversely, evidence of effectiveness was claimed for approximately 50% of the products. Conclusion While treatments for certain STIs are widely available on the internet, purchasers of such products may potentially suffer harm because of the lack of information on adverse effects, interactions and contra-indications. Moreover, we consider the paucity of preventive health advice to be a serious omission, thereby leading to patients being needlessly exposed to, and potentially re-infected with the causative pathogens.

  1. Internet India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pahl, Ronald H.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews a number of Internet sites containing information on every aspect of life in Modern India. The various sites provide information on such diverse topics as the Indian film industry, politics, the booming Indian computer industry, changing status of women, and financial and political issues. (MJP)

  2. 2 Internet-Savvy Students Help Track Down the Hacker of an NCAA Web Site.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanat, Thomas

    1997-01-01

    A Duke University (North Carolina) student witnessing vandalism to the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) World Wide Web site and a University of Massachusetts, Amherst student, both studying computer science, have contributed substantially to the identification of a computer hacker destroying the NCAA site. The students' rapid…

  3. On Building Internet Media and Public Space%网络媒体与公共空间建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜吉刚; 王建美

    2012-01-01

    Public space,in essence,is primarily a subject of inter-space between different bodies,such as political public space within the system,outside the system and cultural public space.Public space is the major symbol of modern society.The existence of public space,communication within itself or with other social areas can effectively promote the healthy development of the society,and can also avoid an overall bias.Internet media is mainly positive to the construction of public space.This was reflected in the following aspects: the size of groups involved,the range and extension of the public space,the dimension extended.It helps to realize more smooth and convenient communication within the public space and with all areas of society.However,Internet media has some impacts and must be treated seriously.%公共空间,从本质上来讲,主要是一种主体间的间性空间。它主要包括体制内政治公共空间、体制外政治公共空间与文化公共空间三个领域。公共空间是现代社会的主要标志。公共空间的存在,公共空间内部以及公共空间与社会各领域之间的顺畅沟通,能够有效地促进社会的良性发展,避免出现整体性的偏差。网络媒体对于公共空间建设的影响主要是积极的、正面的。这主要表现在以下方面:网络媒体扩大了公共空间参与人群的规模,拓展了公共空间的延展范围、延展维度;网络媒体使公共空间内部、公共空间与社会各领域之间的沟通更加顺畅、便捷。当然,网络媒体对于公共空间建设也有一些消极的、负面的影响,还需要认真加以对待。

  4. "互联网+出版":挑战、对策与前景%"Internet+Publication":Challenges, Countermeasures and Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆昱

    2015-01-01

    "Internet+"has officially become a national strategy, and actively integrated into "internet+"action, which is the mis-sion and responsibility of the publishing industry. At present, the "internet+publication"is facing a series of challenges, such as anti-quated idea, unsuitable system, dependence of habit, outdated contents, copyright infringement, lack of human resources and standard chaos. Regulators and practitioners of publishing industry should actively take measures to cope with those challenges which include straightening management system, setting unified standard, promoting technology innovation, increasing support, strengthening the pro-tection of copyright, paying attention to the legislative work, strengthening personnel training. Standing on the tuyere of "internet +", the internet publishing industry will usher good prospects of mode diversification, scale aggregation, contents of value-added, green produc-tion and personalized service.%"互联网+"已正式成为国家战略,主动融入"互联网+"行动计划是出版行业义不容辞的使命和责任. 目前,"互联网+出版"面临观念陈旧、体制不顺、习惯依赖、内容过时、版权侵犯、人才匮乏和标准混乱等一系列挑战. 出版业监管部门和从业主体应主动采取理顺互联网出版业管理体制、制定行业统一标准、推进技术创新、加大扶持力度、加强版权保护力度、重视立法工作、加强互联网出版人才培养等应对策略.站在"互联网+"的风口上,互联网出版业将迎来模式多样化、规模聚集化、内容增值化、生产绿色化、服务个性化的美好前景.

  5. Image of Ramsar sites in Japan : results of an Internet survey

    OpenAIRE

    淺野, 敏久; 金, 枓哲; 伊藤, 達也; 平井, 幸弘; 香川, 雄一

    2013-01-01

    Japan has joined the Ramsar Convention since 1980. Up to now 46 wetland sites in Japan have been registered as the Ramsar sites as of the September 2013. Though the Ramsar Convention aims at not only conserving wetlands but also "wise-use" of wetlands, discourses on Ramsar sites seem to be focused on conservation rather than "wise-use". Particularly in Japan, registering a wetland to the Ramsar Convention hardly contributes to regional economies and/or tourism as a model of "wise-use". This p...

  6. Internet-based public debate of CCS: lessons from online focus groups in Poland and Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Riesch, H; Oltra, C; A. Lis; Upham, P; Pol, M.

    2013-01-01

    This paper makes three contributions to the developing literature on public opinion and understanding of CCS. The first is a discussion of online focus groups as a deliberative method in experimental and perhaps consultative contexts. The second is the role of anchoring and associative reasoning in the development of public opinion of CCS, illustrated through the coincidental timing of the investigation with the Fukushima nuclear accident. The third is a discussion of managing public-facing e...

  7. 78 FR 76391 - Proposed Enhancements to the Motor Carrier Safety Measurement System (SMS) Public Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... System (SMS) Public Web Site AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION... Safety Measurement System (SMS) public Web site. On December 6, 2013, Advocates ] for Highway and Auto... Management System Number FMCSA-2013-0392 by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: http...

  8. Sites of Refuge: Refugees, Religiosity, and Public Schools in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collet, Bruce A.

    2010-01-01

    In this article the author examines public schools in the United States as sites where immigrants and refugees express their religious identities as part of their integration processes. In particular, the author examines the schools as "sites of refuge" for refugee students. Although public schools provide refugees with opportunity for…

  9. Sites of Refuge: Refugees, Religiosity, and Public Schools in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collet, Bruce A.

    2010-01-01

    In this article the author examines public schools in the United States as sites where immigrants and refugees express their religious identities as part of their integration processes. In particular, the author examines the schools as "sites of refuge" for refugee students. Although public schools provide refugees with opportunity for study…

  10. Health information, credibility, homophily, and influence via the Internet: Web sites versus discussion groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zuoming; Walther, Joseph B; Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P

    2008-07-01

    Despite concerns about online health information and efforts to improve its credibility, how users evaluate and utilize such information presented in Web sites and online discussion groups may involve different evaluative mechanisms. This study examined credibility and homophily as two underlying mechanisms for social influence with regard to online health information. An original experiment detected that homophily grounded credibility perceptions and drove the persuasive process in both Web sites and online discussion groups. The more homophilous an online health information stimulus was perceived as being, the more likely people were to adopt the advice offered in that particular piece of information.

  11. 网络舆情的暴力倾向及解决对策研究%The Violent Tendency of Internet Public Opinion and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张义庭

    2012-01-01

      网络舆情不等于网络暴力,但网络舆情的发展往往受到网络暴力因素的影响,并带有网络暴力倾向。本文从讨论网络舆情内涵的角度出发,通过分析网络舆情中存在的暴力倾向,从网络心理及网络人格形成机理的角度,结合网络环境及网络人群的复杂性特征,解释了网络暴力倾向存在的原因。针对网络舆情可能形成暴力倾向的事实,提出了在舆情应对中要重视蝴蝶效应和沉默的螺旋效应,充分运用微博等自媒体平台,合理利用网络工具,避免蝴蝶效应的发生。从对策研究的角度,提出了沉默的螺旋效应的抑制消减理论及具体的“管”、“控”结合的舆情应对措施,以达到有效化解网络舆情,避免网络舆情暴力倾向的目的。%  Internet public opinion is not equal to the internet violence. However, the development of the internet public opinion often in-volve the influence of internet violence factors, and has the violent tendency. From the perspective of discussing the connotation of internet public opinion, through analyzing the violent tendency existing in internet public opinion, combined with the internet environment and the complexity of the internet users' characteristics, this paper explains the reasons for the existence of internet violent tendency from the angles of the internet psychology and the internet personality formation mechanism. In view of the fact that violent tendency being the possible re-sult of internet public opinion, this paper puts forward that we should emphasize the butterfly effect and the spiral of silence effect in han-dling public opinion, and make full use of new media platforms, use internet tools reasonably to avoid the butterfly effect. For adoptable countermeasures, this paper puts forward the spiral of silence effect inhibited and cut theory, and comes up with specific measures inclu-ding dredging and controlling to

  12. Public health and pipe breaks in water distribution systems: analysis with internet search volume as a proxy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortridge, Julie E; Guikema, Seth D

    2014-04-15

    Drinking water distribution infrastructure has been identified as a factor in waterborne disease outbreaks and improved understanding of the public health risks associated with distribution system failures has been identified as a priority area for research. Pipe breaks may pose a risk, as their occurrence and repair can result in low or negative pressure, potentially allowing contamination of drinking water from adjacent soils. However, measuring this phenomenon is challenging because the most likely health impact is mild gastrointestinal (GI) illness, which is unlikely to result in a doctor or hospital visit. Here we present a novel method that uses data mining techniques and internet search volume to assess the relationship between pipe breaks and symptoms of GI illness in two U.S. cities. Weekly search volume for the terms diarrhea and vomiting was used as the response variable with the number of pipe breaks in each city as a covariate as well as additional covariates to control for seasonal patterns, search volume persistence, and other sources of GI illness. The fit and predictive accuracy of multiple regression and data mining techniques were compared, with the best performance obtained using random forest and bagged regression tree models. Pipe breaks were found to be an important and positively correlated predictor of internet search volume in multiple models in both cities, supporting previous investigations that indicated an increased risk of GI illness from distribution system disturbances. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Sustainable NREL - Site Sustainability Plan FY 2015 (Management Publication)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-01-01

    NREL's Site Sustainability Plan FY 2015 reports on sustainability plans for the lab for the year 2015 based on Executive Order Goals and provides the status on planned actions cited in the FY 2014 report.

  14. Impact of Internet Images: Impression-Formation Effects of University Web Site Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramasubramanian, Srividya; Gyure, James F.; Mursi, Nasreen M.

    2002-01-01

    Institutions of higher education are increasingly becoming dependent on Web-based marketing to reach out to their target audiences. The current empirical study examines the types of impressions formed by prospective students based on exposure to different university Web site images. A between-subjects experiment was conducted using four identical…

  15. Using publicly available internet tools to teach patent research and development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Søren; Tanev, Stoyan

    2013-01-01

    The management of Intellectual property rights is becoming increasingly important in the 21st century knowledge society. Patents are especially important for engineering design and R&D teams. However, there is a lack of educational resources in this area. There is an increasing need to enhance...... efficiency is especially important within the context of the economic challenges which are drastically limiting the financial resources of all universities. In a previous contribution presented at the ICEIRD 2012 conference we have discussed our finding that technology entrepreneurs in general are interested....... With the advancement of the internet a number of patent offices are offering online tools that can be utilized in the teaching of the patent system, we will provide a review and analysis of these tools resulting in a suggestion for a patent course syllabus corresponding to an average student workload of 5 ECTS....

  16. Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Wiki Internet Site for Medical Topics

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the iterative process of a collaborative public database (a Wiki) as a reference for information on hand illnesses we tested the null hypothesis that the number and type of edits are comparable for web pages covering different topics. The history of 4 hand surgery related web pages on the English language Wikipedia (Trigger finger, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), Ganglion cyst, and de Quervain Syndrome) were analyzed from inception to July 2011. Each edit was classified as ...

  17. Public perceptions of a radioactively contaminated site: concerns, remediation preferences, and desired involvement.

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    A public attitudes survey was conducted in neighborhoods adjacent to a radioactively contaminated site whose remediation is now under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The survey's purpose was to ascertain levels of actual and desired public involvement in the remediation process; to identify health, environmental, economic, and future land-use concerns associated with the site; and to solicit remediation strategy prefere...

  18. Adding SPICE to a Library Internet Site: A Recipe to Enhance Usability

    OpenAIRE

    Ingrid Tonnison; Larnish Harije; Suzanne Lewis; Lisa Cotter

    2006-01-01

    Objective - To produce a highly- usable intranet site, use the project to explore the practical application of evidence-based librarianship (EBL), and refine the library's project management methodology. Methods - Evidence was gathered via a literature review, an online survey, scenario-based usability testing, and the completion of a usability checlist. Usability issues were then addressed, guided by the Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines. Results - After a preliminary ...

  19. Adding SPICE to a Library Internet Site: A Recipe to Enhance Usability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Tonnison

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective - To produce a highly- usable intranet site, use the project to explore the practical application of evidence-based librarianship (EBL, and refine the library's project management methodology. Methods - Evidence was gathered via a literature review, an online survey, scenario-based usability testing, and the completion of a usability checlist. Usability issues were then addressed, guided by the Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines. Results - After a preliminary revision, the site achieved a usability index of 79% after application of the "Raward Library Usability Analysis Tool". Finding the information and supporting user tasks were identified as areas of weakness. Usability testing and cleint feedback supported these findings. After these issues were addressed by a major site redeveloment, the usability index increased to 98%. Conclusions - Raward's checklist is an easy and effective tool for measuring and identifying usability issues. Its value was enhanced by scenario-based usability testing, which yielded rich, client specific information. The application of EBL and project management princples ehnanced the outcomes of the project, and the professional development of the project team.

  20. Open sesame: IDC launches Internet site to access well logs, other data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marsters, S.

    2001-06-01

    International Datashare Corporation has recently opened a new website - www.EnerGISite.com - to make it possible for geologists and geophysicists to access its vast store of Canadian well logs. The well logs have been reproduced over the years in a variety of forms: microfiche, half-scale prints and film, and full-scale prints and film. More recently, IDC has digitized a large number of logs and captured the images in raster form (i.e. scanned, not digitized). The digital and raster logs will, henceforth, be accessible in the EnerGISite through a GIS map front end. When users log on to the site, a picture of world will appear. Clicking on the Canadian landmass, the database will the tell the user what data is available. By zooming in on a particular area of the map such as for example Alberta, all well locations will be shown. By selecting individual wells, users can find out if raster and digital curves exist. Individual logs can be purchased on a transactional basis. Companies can also subscribe for unlimited usage. Logs will be sent by e-mail, or downloaded directly into a user-created file. U.S. data is expected to be launched in July 2001, with selected areas of the world added at a later date. Production data for a site will be provided by International Petrodata Limited, a business partner of IDC. New datasets and software tools to the site are planned by IDC over time.

  1. Using Internet, Television and Radio to Promote Public Participation in Space Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clipper, Milton C., Jr.; MacLeish, Marlene Y.

    2008-06-01

    The theme of the 59th International Astronautical Congress, From Imagination to Reality, reflects a global sentiment that future space exploration will require a scientifically literate public that is informed about the benefits of space exploration for life on Earth and is motivated to influence decision makers who provide resources to support space exploration. This paper reports on a successful twelve-year private-public partnership among Public Broadcasting Atlanta, (PBA) Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM), the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The partnership has produced television-radio documentaries, transmitted space science knowledge to classrooms, designed electronic citizen participation platforms, spun off new programs and maintained a space film archive. This model provides a framework for analyzing determinants of innovative public-private partnerships, mobilization of scarce resources, and space exploration knowledge management.

  2. Could transit sites become some of our great public spaces?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lanng, Ditte Bendix

    of the urban spaces of traffic segregation with regard to sensory and social qualities of different ways of embodied wayfaring. The discussion draws on ethnographic studies into journeys, which entangle at the transit site,as well as re-design studio experiments. These draw to the foreground of design...... social and cultural life. Third, I draw on my studies into journeys at the site to learn about the spatial practicings of the site and of the properties and possibilities of the urban space design. Fourth, I explore in written text and drawing re-design potentials. And last, I sum up propositions......A traffic junction in the suburban functionalist district of Aalborg East in Denmark, designed in the 1970s, organises and orchestrates through traffic segregation the temporal and spatial co-existence of multiple and diverse daily journeys. This paper discusses the re-design potentials...

  3. Use and perceived relevance of health-related Internet sites and online contact with peers among young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pelt, van P.A.; Drossaert, C.H.C.; Kruize, A.A.; Huisman, J.; Dolhain, R.J.E.M.; Wulffraat, N.M.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of use and relevance of health-related Internet (HRI) sites and online peer support groups and their association with demographic, disease-related and psychosocial variables in young people with JIA. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 176 young people (10-27

  4. Influência da internet na comunidade acadêmico-científica da área de saúde pública The Internet influence on the academic-scientific public health community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Maria Belloni Cuenca

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência da internet nas atividades acadêmico-científicas da comunidade brasileira que atua na área de saúde pública. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, centrado na opinião de 237 docentes vinculados aos programas de pós-graduação em saúde pública, nos níveis mestrado e doutorado, no Brasil, em 2001. Para a obtenção dos dados, optou-se por questionário auto-aplicado via web e correio postal. A análise estatística foi feita por meio de proporções, médias e desvios-padrão. RESULTADOS: O uso da internet foi apontado por 94,9%(225 da comunidade, sendo o correio eletrônico (92,0% e a web (55,6% os recursos mais utilizados, diariamente. A influência da internet na comunicação entre os docentes, principalmente para o desenvolvimento de pesquisas em colaboração, foi significativa (73,8 %. Declararam não utilizar a internet 5,1% dos docentes, cujas justificativas apresentadas foram a falta de motivação, falta de tempo e facilidade de conseguir de seus colegas o material de que precisam. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados mostraram que a internet influencia o trabalho dos docentes e afeta o ciclo da comunicação científica, principalmente na rapidez de recuperação de informações. Observou-se tendência em eleger a comunicação entre os docentes como a etapa que mais mudou desde o advento da internet no mundo acadêmico-científico brasileiro.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the Internet on the academic-scientific activities of the Brazilian public health community. METHODS: This was a descriptive study, centered on the opinions of 237 teachers connected with Brazilian postgraduate programs in public health, at master's and doctoral levels, in 2001. Data were collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire via the Internet and traditional mail. The statistical analysis was done by means of proportions, means and standard deviations. RESULTS: The vast majority of the population (225; 94

  5. Characteristics of Internet Gamblers among a Sample of Students at a Large, Public University in Southwestern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shead, N. Will; Derevensky, Jeffrey L.; Fong, Timothy W.; Gupta, Rina

    2012-01-01

    There is a current lack of descriptive information on college students who gamble on the Internet. With the increasing popularity of Internet gambling, this study aimed to better understand the profile of Internet gamblers among a sample of college students. Of 909 students at the University of California-Los Angeles who completed an online…

  6. STUDENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARDS INTERNET ADVERTISING STUDY CASE: UNIVERSITY OF PARDUBICE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    A Radbata; M Kubenka

    2012-01-01

    ...) participated in this study. It explores their attitudes towards internet advertising, internet advertising informativeness, online purchasing patterns and their preference between internet advertising and traditional advertising. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT

  7. Early Site Permit Demonstration Program: Recommendations for communication activities and public participation in the Early Site Permit Demonstration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-27

    On October 24, 1992, President Bush signed into law the National Energy Policy Act of 1992. The bill is a sweeping, comprehensive overhaul of the Nation`s energy laws, the first in more than a decade. Among other provisions, the National Energy Policy Act reforms the licensing process for new nuclear power plants by adopting a new approach developed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in 1989, and upheld in court in 1992. The NRC 10 CFR Part 52 rule is a three-step process that guarantees public participation at each step. The steps are: early site permit approval; standard design certifications; and, combined construction/operating licenses for nuclear power reactors. Licensing reform increases an organization`s ability to respond to future baseload electricity generation needs with less financial risk for ratepayers and the organization. Costly delays can be avoided because design, safety and siting issues will be resolved before a company starts to build a plant. Specifically, early site permit approval allows for site suitability and acceptability issues to be addressed prior to an organization`s commitment to build a plant. Responsibility for site-specific activities, including communications and public participation, rests with those organizations selected to try out early site approval. This plan has been prepared to assist those companies (referred to as sponsoring organizations) in planning their communications and public involvement programs. It provides research findings, information and recommendations to be used by organizations as a resource and starting point in developing their own plans.

  8. [Web-ring of sites for pathologists in the internet: a computer-mediated communication environment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khramtsov, A I; Isianov, N N; Khorzhevskiĭ, V A

    2009-01-01

    The recently developed Web-ring of pathology-related Web-sites has transformed computer-mediated communications for Russian-speaking pathologists. Though the pathologists may be geographically dispersed, the network provides a complex of asynchronous and synchronous conferences for the purposes of diagnosis, consultations, education, communication, and collaboration in the field of pathology. This paper describes approaches to be used by participants of the pathology-related Web-ring. The approaches are analogous to the tools employed in telepathology and digital microscopy. One of the novel methodologies is the use of Web-based conferencing systems, in which the whole slide digital images of tissue microarrays were jointly reviewed online by pathologists at distant locations. By using ImageScope (Aperio Technologies) and WebEx connect desktop management technology, they shared presentations and images and communicated in realtime. In this manner, the Web-based forums and conferences will be a powerful addition to a telepathology.

  9. The effects of a Dutch version of an Internet-based treatment program for fear of public speaking: a controlled study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gallego, M.J.; Emmelkamp, P.M.G.; van der Kooij, M.; Mees, H.

    2011-01-01

    The present research is a randomized controlled trial in which the effects of a Dutch version of «Talk to me», an Internet-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for fear of public speaking were investigated. Forty one participants with a formal diagnosis of social phobia were assigned at random to ei

  10. The effects of a Dutch version of an Internet-based treatment program for fear of public speaking: a controlled study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gallego, M.J.; Emmelkamp, P.M.G.; van der Kooij, M.; Mees, H.

    2011-01-01

    The present research is a randomized controlled trial in which the effects of a Dutch version of «Talk to me», an Internet-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for fear of public speaking were investigated. Forty one participants with a formal diagnosis of social phobia were assigned at random to

  11. On the Application of Public Internet in Investigation%论公用互联网在侦查中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵俊程; 陈婧

    2011-01-01

    公用互联网的飞速发展给犯罪分子提供了新的犯罪途径。因此,在新时期必须重视公用互联网在侦查工作中的应用,从而在网络的攻防博弈中抢得先机。通过对犯罪行为人在犯罪的各个阶段是如何利用公用互联网、公用互联网上有哪些益于侦查破案的各类资源以及如何利用这些资源进行有效的侦查破案等的研究,以期给侦查破案提供新的思路,使侦查破案事半功倍。%The swift development of public intemet provides new ways for criminal. So in the new term, the application of public internet in investigation must be stressed so as to seize initiative in attacking internet crime. In order to provide new thinking for ease breaking and make it more effective, the author studied how the criminals use public internet at different crime stage, what useful resources there are on public internet for cases attacking,how to use the resources for effective investigation.

  12. 40 CFR 60.1145 - What must I do with any public comments I receive during the public comment period on my siting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... libraries used to announce the public meeting for the siting analysis. (c) Prepare a revised siting analysis... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What must I do with any public comments I receive during the public comment period on my siting analysis? 60.1145 Section 60.1145...

  13. Current Views and Perspectives on E-Mental Health: An Exploratory Survey Study for Understanding Public Attitudes Toward Internet-Based Psychotherapy in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vehreschild, Viktor; Alkoudmani, Ramez M

    2017-01-01

    Background Despite the advanced development of evidence-based psychological treatment services, help-seeking persons with mental health problems often fail to receive appropriate professional help. Internet-delivered psychotherapy has thus been suggested as an efficient strategy to overcome barriers to access mental health care on a large scale. However, previous research indicated poor public acceptability as an issue for the dissemination of Internet-delivered therapies. Currently, little is known about the expectations and attitudes toward Internet-delivered therapies in the general population. This is especially the case for countries such as Germany where electronic mental health (e-mental health) treatment services are planned to be implemented in routine care. Objective This pilot study aimed to determine the expectations and attitudes toward Internet-based psychotherapy in the general population in Germany. Furthermore, it aimed to explore the associations between attitudes toward Internet-based therapies and perceived stress. Methods To assess public attitudes toward Internet-based psychotherapy, we conducted both Web-based and paper-and-pencil surveys using a self-developed 14-item questionnaire (Cronbach alpha=.89). Psychological distress was measured by employing a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the 20-item German version of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ). In addition, we conducted explorative factor analysis (principal axis factor analysis with promax rotation). Spearman’s rank correlations were used to determine the associations between attitudes toward Internet-based therapies and perceived stress. Results Descriptive analyses revealed that most respondents (N=1558; female: 78.95%, 1230/1558) indicated being not aware of the existence of Internet-delivered therapies (83.46%, 1141/1367). The average age was 32 years (standard deviation, SD 10.9; range 16-76). Through exploratory factor analysis, we identified 3 dimensions of public

  14. Effectiveness of the Computer and Internet Literacy Project in Public High Schools of Tarlac Province, Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzo, Arnold R.

    2016-01-01

    Evaluation is important to gauge the strengths, weaknesses and effectiveness of any activity. This study evaluated the iSchools Project implemented in the Public High Schools of Tarlac Province, Philippines by the Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT) in partnership with the selected State Universities and Colleges. Using…

  15. 77 FR 6527 - Internet Publication of Administrative Seizure and Forfeiture Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... the ] aggregate, to any of the following: State, local, or Native American Tribal governments, or the..., transport or store a controlled substance or listed chemical; (3) any monetary instrument within the meaning... controlled substances; Notice of seizure and sale. * * * * * (b) Publication. (1) If the appraised value of...

  16. The Internet in the social mobilization: the conquest of the public sphere. The role of the Internet in the planning and development of the 15-M Movement

    OpenAIRE

    Candón-Mena, José Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    The 15-M Movement in Spain arose from a protest organized via the Internet for the 15th of May 2011. The initial protest arose as a result, on one hand, of the impacts of the economic crisis, and on the other, as a show of the disenchantment felt by large segments of the population towards the political classes. The 15-M Movement can be framed in an increasing cycle of protest which has been augmented by this movement itself. The importance of the Internet in the 15-M Movement is appare...

  17. Study of government roles in the Internet public opinion crisis%网络舆论危机中的政府作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凯; 朱恒民; 卢子芳

    2012-01-01

    政府因素对网络舆论的作用大致可分为抑制、促进和抑制促进共存三种。政府因素作用的差异使得舆情发展演化产生了不同。研究网络舆论中的政府作用,有助于政府部门更好地去对待并解决舆论危机。统计分析近年来和政府相关的网络舆论事件发展规律,计算了政府因素对网络舆论危机的作用值。研究发现:若舆情事件中政府因素起促进作用,那么政府对舆论危机的作用值最大。%The roles of the government factors in the Internet public opinion crisis can be broadly divided into inhibition, promotion and both inhibition and promotion. Differential roles of the government factors make the de- velopment and evolution of public opinions different. Research on the government roles in the Internet public opin- ions can help government departments to deal with public opinion crisis in a better way. By means of statistical a- nalysis of the law of development of the government-related Internet public opinion events in recent years, and cal- culation of the value of the government roles in the public opinion crisis, it finds that if government factors play a catalyst in a public opinion event, then the values are the biggest, but it is more likely to cause a wide Internet public opinion crisis.

  18. Using Social Media to Communicate with the Public

    Science.gov (United States)

    These procedures establish the required steps for using social media intended for external use to communicate with the public. External use refers to EPA content on an Extranet (password protected site) or the Internet ,on EPAor on third party sites.

  19. Social Site Characterisation for CO2 storage operations to inform public engagement in Poland and Scotland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Pol, M.; Mastop, J. [Energy research Centre of the Netherlands ECN, Policy Studies, Petten (Netherlands); Kaiser, M.; Zimmer, R. [UfU - Independent Institute for Environmental Issues, Berlin (Germany); Shackley, S.; Mabon, L.; Howell, R. [The University of Edinburgh - School of Geosciences, Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom); Hepplewhite, F.; Loveridge, R. [Scottish Government, Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom); Mazurowski, M. [PGNiG - Polskie Gornictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo SA, Warszawa (Poland); Rybicki, C. [AGH - University of Science and Technology, Krakow (Poland)

    2013-05-01

    Public support has proven crucial to the implementation of CO2 capture and storage (CCS) demonstration projects. Whereas no method exists to guarantee local public acceptability of any project, a constructive stakeholder engagement process does increase the likelihood thereof. Social site characterisation can be used as an instrument to plan and evaluate an approach for actively engaging local stakeholders. Social site characterisation is the process of repeatedly investigating local public awareness and opinions of a specific CCS project, changes therein over time, and underlying factors shaping public opinion as a parallel activity to technical site characterization. This paper presents results from the EU FP7 SiteChar project in which social site characterisation (a.o. surveys) and public participation activities (focus conferences) were conducted by a multidisciplinary team at two prospective CCS sites in in Poland (onshore) and Scotland (offshore). Results demonstrate that social site characterization and focus conferences are powerful tools to raise public awareness about complex issues such as CCS and to initiate local discussion and planning processes with the appropriate type of information, through appropriate media, and involving all relevant stakeholders. Application and the duration of effects in real-life project settings will be discussed.

  20. 网络舆情传播阶段与模型比较研究%Comparative Study on Transmission Phase and Model of Internet Public Opinion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾润喜; 王晨曦; 陈强

    2014-01-01

    网络舆情传播阶段与模型作为网络舆情研究重要组成部分,对其进行总结与归纳能为网络舆情管控研究提供借鉴。分析比较网络舆情传播的三阶段、四阶段、五阶段、六阶段模型,研究网络舆情在传播阶段中所显示出的阶段性。从网络舆情演变模型和技术模型这两角度出发,对各传播模型进行梳理与比较,分析现有传播模型优缺点,并在此基础上,提出未来的研究应向小世界、大数据、云计算方向发展。%Internet public opinion transmission phase and model play an important role in Internet public opinion research, the analysis of it can provide certain reference for Internet public opinion control research. First of all, on the basis of comparing the Internet public opin-ion stage theories of three-phase, four-phase, five-phase, and six-phase model, the stage characteristics of the Internet public opinion in the transmission stage is studied. Then, from the perspectives of evolution model and technical propagation model, various propagation models are analyzed and compared, the advantages and disadvantages of the existing propagation models are summarized. At last, the fu-ture research trend is concluded as small world, big data, and cloud computing.

  1. [Public spheres, political crisis and the Internet: the rise of the Podemos party].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerez, Ariel; Maceiras, Sergio D'Antonio; Maestu, Enrique

    2015-12-01

    The rise of the political party Podemos, within the context of a crisis in political representation, can be explained from a perspective of transformative interactions between public spheres, social movements and new technologies. The emergence of the 15M movement allowed Podemos to offer a new diagnosis of politics that has been actively promoted on social media, which represent a true campaign platform for low-budget parties. An analysis of Twitter and Facebook reveals the rapid growth of Podemos, its prominence on social networks, the profile of its followers and its most influential publications in these new discourses. Lastly, we analyze the challenges for this type of party in terms of incorporating into the political panorama in Spain and in Europe.

  2. Expectations in the field of the internet and health: an analysis of claims about social networking sites in clinical literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koteyko, Nelya; Hunt, Daniel; Gunter, Barrie

    2015-03-01

    This article adopts a critical sociological perspective to examine the expectations surrounding the uses of social networking sites (SNSs) articulated in the domain of clinical literature. This emerging body of articles and commentaries responds to the recent significant growth in SNS use, and constitutes a venue in which the meanings of SNSs and their relation to health are negotiated. Our analysis indicates how clinical writing configures the role of SNSs in health care through a range of metaphorical constructions that frame SNSs as a tool, a conduit for information and a traversable space. The use of such metaphors serves not only to describe the new affordances offered by SNSs but also posits distinct lay and professional practices, while reviving a range of celebratory claims about the Internet and health critiqued in sociological literature. These metaphorical descriptions characterise SNS content as essentially controllable by autonomous users while reiterating existing arguments that e-health is both inherently empowering and risky. Our analysis calls for a close attention to these understandings of SNSs as they have the potential to shape future online initiatives, most notably by anticipating successful professional interventions while marginalising the factors that influence users' online and offline practices and contexts.

  3. Evaluating the effectiveness of a wiki internet site for medical topics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgos, Clinton; Bot, Arjan; Ring, David

    2012-06-01

    To evaluate the iterative process of a collaborative public database (a Wiki) as a reference for information on hand illnesses we tested the null hypothesis that the number and type of edits are comparable for web pages covering different topics. The history of 4 hand surgery related web pages on the English language Wikipedia (Trigger finger, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), Ganglion cyst, and de Quervain Syndrome) were analyzed from inception to July 2011. Each edit was classified as one of six types: an addition is an edit that adds material; a deletion removes material; a modification is a combination of addition and deletion, or any rearrangement; a minor edit is a correction of spelling, grammar, or formatting errors; vandalism is any edit that is intended to harm the page; a vandalism fixed is an edit that addresses harm. The edits were also rated as possibly controversial or not (defined as edits that present information with a clear bias or do not list reliable sources). For both the Ganglion cyst and Trigger Finger pages, readability was measured at 1 year increments. Our primary null hypothesis was that the proportion of constructive edits (addition, deletion or modification) did not differ between the 4 web pages. The percentage of constructive edits (additions, deletions, and modifications) was significantly different for each page: 121/234 (52 %) for de Quervain, 258/448 (58 %) for CRPS, 103/156 (66 %) for Trigger Finger, and 160/389 (41 %) for Ganglion cyst. The percentage of edits related to vandalism was also significantly different: 28/234 (12 %) for de Quervain, 33/156 (7 %) for CRPS, 21/156 (14 %) for Trigger Finger, and 135/389 (35 %) for Ganglion cyst. Vandalism was quickly identified and addressed. Twenty-six percent of all edits were classified as potentially controversial. Forty percent of possibly controversial edits were deletions. The topic of a Wiki web page for information on hand illness influences the degree to which

  4. Public Lands and Other Managed/Preserved Areas (ECO_RES.SIGECO_SITES)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The SIGECO_SITES map layer consists of boundary polygons of public lands and other managed or preserved areas in EPA Region 7 states (i.e., federal, state and other...

  5. Ciência na internet: Mapeamento da divulgação científica nos sites de nove Universidades Federais da região Nordeste do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MORAES, Danilo de Almeida

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The present work investigate the characterics of the scientific publication on-line of nine Federal Universities from brazilian Northeast, that represents each state of this region: Maranhão (UFMA, Piauí (UFPI, Ceará (UFC, Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN, Paraíba (UFPB, Pernambuco (UFPE, Alagoas (UFAL, Sergipe (UFS and Bahia (UFBA. The objective of this work is analise, in each one of these sites, that works as suport for the dissemination of science, aspects like interactivity, updating and memory. Besides that, try to identify If these universities are considering the potential offered by the internet, when it tryes to close the society to the scientific knowledge, produced by proffessors and students. The research is based on systematic observation of each of the selected sites and in the opinion of researchers who study the science communication and the implications of the use of so-called new technologies in the field of communication.

  6. A Clinical Trial of Translation of Evidence Based Interventions to Mobile Tablets and Illness Specific Internet Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Carol E; Piamjariyakul, Ubolrat; Werkowitch, Marilyn; Yadrich, Donna Macan; Thompson, Noreen; Hooper, Dedrick; Nelson, Eve-Lynn

    2016-03-01

    This article describes a method to translate an evidence based health care intervention to the mobile environment. This translation assisted patient participants to: avoid life threatening infections; monitor emotions and fatigue; keep involved in healthy activities. The mobile technology also decreased costs by reducing for example travel to visit health care providers. Testing of this translation method and its use by comparison groups of patients adds to the knowledge base for assessing technology for its impact on health outcome measures. The challenges and workflow of designing materials for the mobile format are described. Transitioning clinical trial verified interventions, previously provided in person to patients, onto tablet and internet platforms is an important process that must be evaluated. In this study, our evidence based guide's intravenous (IV) homeCare interventions (IVhomeCare) were delivered via Apple iPad mini™ tablet audiovisual instruction / discussion sessions and on a website. Each iPad audiovisual session (n = 41), included three to five families, a mental health specialist, and healthcare professionals. Patients and their family caregivers readily learned to use the wireless mobile tablets, and the IVhomeCare interventions, as described here, were successfully translated onto these mobile technology platforms. Using Likert scale responses on a questionnaire (1 = not helpful and 5 = very helpful) participants indicated that they gained problem solving skills for home care through iPad group discussion (M = 4.60, SD = 0.60). The firewall protected videoconferencing in real time with multiple healthcare professionals effectively allowed health history taking and visual inspection of the patient's IV insertion site for signs of infection. Supportive interactions with peer families on videoconferencing were documented during discussions. Discussion topics included low moods, fatigue, infection worry, how to maintain independence, and need

  7. Regional Variations of Public Perception on Contaminated Industrial Sites in China and Its Influencing Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaonuo; Jiao, Wentao; Xiao, Rongbo; Chen, Weiping; Bai, Yanying

    2016-04-08

    Public involvement is critical in sustainable contaminated site management. It is important for China to improve public knowledge and participation, foster dialogue between urban managers and laypeople, and accelerate the remediation and redevelopment processes in contaminated site management. In this study, we collected 1812 questionnaires from nine cities around China through face-to-face interviews and statistically analyzed the perception of residents concerning contaminated sites. The results show that respondents' concern about soil pollution was lower than for other environmental issues and their knowledge of soil contamination was limited. The risks posed by contaminated industrial sites were well recognized by respondents, but they were unsatisfied with the performance of local agencies regarding information disclosure, publicity and education and public participation. Respondents believed that local governments and polluters should take the primary responsibility for contaminated site remediation. Most of them were unwilling to pay for contaminated site remediation and preferred recreational or public service redevelopment. Moreover, our research indicated that public perception varied among different cities. This variation was mainly determined by implementations of policy instruments and additionally affected by remediation technology, pollutant type, regional policy response and living distance.

  8. Privately Owned Public Spaces: the Internet and the Shaping of a New Breed of Consumers. From Participants to Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Poier

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Computers in the 1980s were seen as a way to liberate people from the constraints of physicality, to expand the horizons of knowledge, and to enhance access to information. But after a few somersaults, we are back to a market that closes rather than opens our horizons, one that monopolizes, and even de facto owns, our very information. With the adoption of the term “user” - as opposed to “participant” for example – an asymmetry of power is underlined. This linguistic choice enables Internet platforms (such as Twitter, Facebook, iCloud, GoogleDrive to maintain shady property rights on what users might perceive as public spaces (precisely because they are built to project a public space dynamic but are in fact spaces in which the control over users' own data (e.g. pictures, texts is often impossible, transforming such data into a commodity and reducing users to (used consumers. En la década de 1980, los ordenadores se contemplaban como una forma de liberar a la gente de las limitaciones del mundo físico, ampliar los horizontes del conocimiento, y mejorar el acceso a la información. Pero después de diversos giros, volvemos a estar en un mercado que cierra nuestros horizontes en lugar de ampliarlos, que monopoliza, e incluso posee de facto, nuestra propia información. Con la adopción del término "usuario" - en lugar de "participante", por ejemplo - se pone de manifiesto la asimetría de poder existente. Esta opción lingüística permite a las plataformas de Internet (como Twitter, Facebook, iCloud, GoogleDrive mantener derechos de propiedad poco claros sobre plataformas que los usuarios pueden percibir como espacios públicos (precisamente porque están construidas para parecer un espacio público dinámico pero son en realidad espacios en los que es a menudo imposible controlar los propios datos de los usuarios (por ejemplo, imágenes, textos, transformando estos datos en una mercancía y convirtiendo a los usuarios en

  9. Problematic Internet Use among Greek university students: an ordinal logistic regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites, and online games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frangos, Christos C; Frangos, Constantinos C; Sotiropoulos, Ioannis

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationships between Problematic Internet Use (PIU) among university students in Greece and factors such as gender, age, family condition, academic performance in the last semester of their studies, enrollment in unemployment programs, amount of Internet use per week (in general and per application), additional personal habits or dependencies (number of coffees, alcoholic drinks drunk per day, taking substances, cigarettes smoked per day), and negative psychological beliefs. Data were gathered from 2,358 university students from across Greece. The prevalence of PIU was 34.7% in our sample, and PIU was significantly associated with gender, parental family status, grade of studies during the previous semester, staying or not with parents, enrollment of the student in an unemployment program, and whether the student paid a subscription to the Internet (p advertisement sites, Google, Yahoo!, their e-mail, ftp, games, and blogs more than non-problematic Internet users. PIU was also associated with other potential addictive personal habits of smoking, drinking alcohol or coffee, and taking drugs. Significant risk factors for PIU were being male, enrolment in unemployment programs, presence of negative beliefs, visiting pornographic sites, and playing online games. Thus PIU is prevalent among Greek university students and attention should be given to it by health officials.

  10. A Hyperlink Analysis of U.S. Public and Academic Libraries' Web Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Rong; Thelwall, Mike

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on patterns of links from and to the Web sites of 100 U.S. academic and public libraries with regard to the originating and targeted URL domain categories. Libraries, grouped into small and large by their collection size, were found to have numbers of inlinks proportional to their size, but public libraries, and particularly…

  11. Wind Power Siting: Public Acceptance and Land Use; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tegen, Suzanne

    2015-06-17

    Suzanne Tegen presented this information as part of the June 17, 2015 WINDExchange webinar: Overcoming Wind Siting Challenges III: Public Acceptance and Land Use. This presentation provides an overview of current NREL research related to wind energy deployment considerations, the DOE Wind Vision as it relates to public acceptance and land use, why public acceptance of wind power matters, where the U.S. wind resource is best, and how those rich resource areas overlay with population centers.

  12. L’usage d’Internet dans un dispositif d’autoformation en FLE : le cas d’un public en immersion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuchen Chen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available [Français] Nombreuses sont les recherches qui démontrent l’intérêt d’Internet pour l’appropriation du français, aussi bien en groupe classe qu’en dispositif de formation à distance. S’inscrivant dans cette lignée, notre travail s’intéresse à cette autre situation d’apprentissage qu’est l’autoformation en centre de ressources en langues (CRL. En complément des autres types de supports, Internet y est considéré comme une des ressources matérielles mises à disposition des auto-apprenants. De plus, concernant un public asiatique de FLE en France, nos pratiques de terrain laissent observer que les apprenants en immersion privilégient certains usages d’Internet en étroite relation avec le processus de socialisation. Cela fait de cet outil un véritable lieu d’interaction entre leur apprentissage du français et leur vie quotidienne. C’est en croisant ces paramètres contextuels avec les usages observés que nous proposons d’analyser les impacts d’Internet à la fois sur l’apprentissage du français et sur celui de l’autonomie. [English] Many research works show an interest in the Internet for the learning of French, whether it is used in a class or in a distance learning system. In line with this, our research work takes a keen interest in another learning situation : self-learning in a Language Resource Centre (CRL. In addition to other types of media, the Internet is considered one of the material resources available to the self-learners. Moreover, regarding an audience of Asian learners of French in France, our practical experience led us to notice that the learners in immersion favour the uses of the Internet in connection with their socialization process. This makes the Internet a tool of interaction between their learning of the French language and their daily life. By bringing together these contextual factors and these uses of the Internet, we offer to analyse the effect of the Internet on the

  13. The internet trade of counterfeit spirits in Russia – an emerging problem undermining alcohol, public health and youth protection policies? [version 1; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Neufeld

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Counterfeit alcohol belongs to the category of unrecorded alcohol not reflected in official statistics. The internet trade of alcoholic beverages has been prohibited by the Russian Federation since 2007, but various sellers still offer counterfeit spirits (i.e., forged brand spirits over the internet to Russian consumers, mostly in a non-deceptive fashion at prices up to 15 times lower than in regular sale. The public health issues arising from this unregulated trade include potential harm to underage drinkers, hazards due to toxic ingredients such as methanol, but most importantly alcohol harms due to potentially increased drinking volumes due to low prices and high availability on the internet. The internet sale also undermines existing alcohol policies such as restrictions of sale locations, sale times and minimum pricing. The need to enforce measures against counterfeiting of spirits, but specifically their internet trade should be implemented as key elements of alcohol policies to reduce unrecorded alcohol consumption, which is currently about 33 % of total consumption in Russia.

  14. Costs and benefits of communicating product safety information to the public via the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saoutert, Erwan; Andreasen, Ina

    2006-04-01

    Procter & Gamble (P&G) developed Science-in-the-Box (SIB; www.scienceinthebox.com) after discussions with their stakeholders as to how the consumer products company could better communicate key environmental performance and safety information to the public. A series of workshops enabled P&G to understand that consumers and other key business decision makers wanted meaningful information about the science behind P&G products. In addition, it was clear that making such information available would produce business benefits by encouraging long-term relationships with decision makers ranging from consumers and retailers to policy makers and nongovernmental organizations. These benefits were not necessarily quantifiable in the short term, but they still had to be balanced by the costs in terms of resource commitment and potential intellectual property issues. Since its inception in September 2002, SIB has successfully reached key target audiences and built improved credibility and confidence in P&G products and approaches. The website is now available in English, French, Spanish, German, and Italian and is used by consumers, journalists, teachers, scientists, and policy makers. Several user surveys carried out during the initial developmental period, together with unsolicited e-mail feedback, have demonstrated that SIB has successfully created a platform for continuous dialogue with consumers and other interested parties.

  15. Revealing the ‘real’ me, searching for the ‘actual’ you : presentations of self on an internet dating site

    OpenAIRE

    Monica T. Whitty

    2008-01-01

    This paper considers the presentation of self on an internet dating site. Thirty men and 30 women were interviewed about their online dating experiences. They were asked about how they constructed their profiles and how they viewed other individuals’ profiles. Which types of presentations of self led to more successful offline romantic relationships were also investigated. Additionally, gender differences were examined. In line with previous research on presentation of self online, individual...

  16. Besides from what you see: analysis of social representation assigned to the medical professional through web sites available on the Internet.

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas Alexandre Gonçalves do Nascimento GOMES; Felipe Santana RODRIGUES; Gustavo Bacelar Fontenele ARAÚJO; Marny Ryann Rapôso FERREIRA; Vanessa Gonçalves COSTA; Fábio Solon TAJRA; Pedrosa,José Ivo dos Santos

    2015-01-01

    Images can convey strong associations with symbols. This type of interpretation applies to distinct areas, including Health. In the images which portray the medical professional, this is not different. However, there has been much questioned what symbol is related to this profession association. Currently, with the increased range of Internet search websites and its high number of access, a few images and symbols which connote or denote medical sites can be seized from a simple search. In thi...

  17. Internet public opinions crisis warning method based on opinion tree%基于观点树的网络舆情危机预警方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁菊玲; 勒中坚

    2011-01-01

    对初始情感种子集预处理,增加网络情感词汇、过滤部分特征词,采用改进逐点互信息一信息检索方法对特征词进行情感倾向性计算,实现对网络论坛网帖中网民观点极性和观点强度的挖掘,进一步实施网民观点属性挖掘;构建基于三粒度挖掘结果的观点树,建立基于观点树的网络舆情危机预警架构.通过实验验证,该方法能够对网络舆情危机作出预警判断.%This paper pretreated initial emotional seeds. Added in Internet emotional words. Filtered,some feature words. Used improved point-wise mutual information-information( PMI-1R) retrieval method to calculate the sentiment orientation of feature words. Mined the opinion polarity and attitude force of Internet opinions. Furthermore, mined the opinion attributes, built an opinion tree based on the three different granularities opinion mining results. Created the framework of Internet public opinions crisis early-warning based on opinion-tree. The experiment shows that this method can early-warning Internet public opinions crisis.

  18. Training courses on neutron detection systems on the ISIS research reactor: on-site and through internet training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lescop, B.; Badeau, G.; Ivanovic, S.; Foulon, F. [National Institute for Nuclear science and Technology French Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), Saclay Research Center, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2015-07-01

    Today, ISIS research reactor is an essential tool for Education and Training programs organized by the National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology (INSTN) from CEA. In the field of nuclear instrumentation, the INSTN offers both, theoretical courses and training courses on the use of neutron detection systems taking advantage of the ISIS research reactor for the supply of a wide range of neutron fluxes. This paper describes the content of the training carried out on the use of neutron detectors and detection systems, on-site or remote. The ISIS reactor is a 700 kW open core pool type reactor. The facility is very flexible since neutron detectors can be inserted into the core or its vicinity, and be used at different levels of power according to the needs of the course. Neutron fluxes, typically ranging from 1 to 10{sup 12} n/cm{sup 2}.s, can be obtained for the characterisation of the neutron detectors and detection systems. For the monitoring of the neutron density at low level of power, the Instrumentation and Control (I and C) system of the reactor is equipped with two detection systems, named BN1 and BN2. Each way contains a fission chamber, type CFUL01, connected to an electronic system type SIREX.The system works in pulse mode and exhibits two outputs: the counting rate and the doubling time. For the high level of power, the I and C is equipped with two detection systems HN1 and HN2.Each way contain a boron ionization chamber (type CC52) connected to an electronics system type SIREX. The system works in current mode and has two outputs: the current and the doubling time. For each mode, the trainees can observe and measure the signal at the different stages of the electronic system, with an oscilloscope. They can understand the role of each component of the detection system: detector, cable and each electronic block. The limitation of the detection modes and their operating range can be established from the measured signal. The trainees can also

  19. Public outreach supports the entire life-cycle of the Ketzin pilot site, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, Sonja; Kollersberger, Tanja; Möller, Fabian; Liebscher, Axel

    2017-04-01

    Interdisciplinary research at the Ketzin pilot site in Germany contributes to the understanding of the geological CO2 storage since 2004. In addition to the research activities, public outreach has been a key element through the entire life-cycle of the project including site assessment, characterization, development as well as operation (2008-2013) and post-closure. From the very beginning of the project, the research activities were accompanied by an open dialogue with the general public including locals and interested people from all over Germany and the world. The visitor centre at the Ketzin site is run by GFZ and the most important contact point to inform about first-hand experiences from the project. Up to now, about 3,000 visitors came to the Ketzin site for guided tours and the annual open house days. In addition, project status and progress are disseminated in brochures and on the public website www.co2ketzin.de. The Ketzin project is also presented in short films, e.g. on monitoring, drilling and well closure. As the post-closure and pre-transfer phase started after the cease of CO2 injection in August 2013 and the injection facility was dismantled in December 2013, we were looking for a tool to further inform about the previous operation and site infrastructure. A virtual tour was set up for the Ketzin site which is accessible via the website. This tour includes several videos which virtually guide you on site and provide information on the (former) facilities. Public acceptance is a key issue for the Ketzin project as it is for any other CO2 storage project. For example, an open communication with the local residents helped to conduct large-scale seismic campaigns without severe restrictions. The experience from the Ketzin pilot site shows that honest communication and a diverse dissemination program is able to overcome critical public perception even for highly debated technologies.

  20. [Internet in medicine--development and perspectives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezelić, Gjuro

    2002-01-01

    Internet is one of information technologies marking the transition from the second to the third millennium. The present role and expansion of Internet in medicine and healthcare is reviewed together with the perspective of further development. The beginning and initial expansion of the use of Internet in medicine are described. The World Wide Web (WWW or Web) is recognized as a major reason for this expansion, reaching a state described as a Web-pandemic. The rapid increase of the number of papers dealing with Internet in medical literature is presented as well as the appearance of several journals dedicated to Internet in medicine. First specialized symposia, among them MEDNET world conferences, are noted. First uses of Internet in medicine comprised databases, discussion groups, electronic newsletters, software archives and online public access catalogues. The appearance of the Web has led to a significant improvement of the Internet use in medicine, which is reflected in an exponential increase in the number of publications. It is noted that Internet allows "to do old things in new ways", but also "to do new things". It has become clear that the information revolution evoked by the internet shall leave a deep trace in medicine, as health information has become accessible to the public and ceased to be in exclusive control of health professionals. New medical fields--telemedicine and cybermedicine--appeared as the result of the development and global expansion of information and communication technologies, with cybermedicine dealing more specifically with the use of Internet. The advantages and disadvantages of cybermedicine are discussed, and major problems related to the quality of health information are highlighted. Several systems for quality criteria of health related Web-sites are described, indicating that Websites have to conform with the quality criteria such as transparency and honesty, accountability, privacy and data protection, currency

  1. 12 CFR 1102.305 - Publicly available records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... available on the ASCs World Wide Web site—(1) Discretionary release of documents. The ASC encourages the public to explore the wealth of resources available on the ASC's Internet World Wide Web site, located at... telecommunications, may be found on the ASC's Internet World Wide Web site located at: http://www.asc.gov: (A)...

  2. Public perceptions of a radioactively contaminated site: concerns, remediation preferences, and desired involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, D L; Hanahan, R A

    1996-12-01

    A public attitudes survey was conducted in neighborhoods adjacent to a radioactively contaminated site whose remediation is now under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The survey's purpose was to ascertain levels of actual and desired public involvement in the remediation process; to identify health, environmental, economic, and future land-use concerns associated with the site; and to solicit remediation strategy preferences. Surface water and groundwater contamination, desire for public involvement, and potential health risks were found to be the most highly ranked site concerns. Preferred remediation strategies included treatment of contaminated soil and excavation with off-site disposal. Among on-site remediation strategies, only institutional controls that leave the site undisturbed and do not require additional excavation of materials were viewed favorably. Cost of remediation appeared to influence remediation strategy preference; however, no strategy was viewed as a panacea. Respondents were also concerned with protecting future generations, better assessment of risks to health and the environment, and avoiding generation of additional contaminated materials.

  3. Public transparency Web sites for radiology practices: prevalence of price, clinical quality, and service quality information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenkrantz, Andrew B; Doshi, Ankur M

    2016-01-01

    To assess information regarding radiology practices on public transparency Web sites. Eight Web sites comparing radiology centers' price and quality were identified. Web site content was assessed. Six of eight Web sites reported examination prices. Other reported information included hours of operation (4/8), patient satisfaction (2/8), American College of Radiology (ACR) accreditation (3/8), on-site radiologists (2/8), as well as parking, accessibility, waiting area amenities, same/next-day reports, mammography follow-up rates, examination appropriateness, radiation dose, fellowship-trained radiologists, and advanced technologies (1/8 each). Transparency Web sites had a preponderance of price (and to a lesser extent service quality) information, risking fostering price-based competition at the expense of clinical quality. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Decision support to the public space administrator for managing urban building sites nuisances

    OpenAIRE

    Hankach, Pierre; SADOUN, Isma; AMANZOUGARENE, Fatiha; CHACHOUA, Mohamed; Zeitouni, Karine; MARTIN, Jean Marc

    2011-01-01

    Effective planning of urban building sites is essential because they are often a source of various kinds of nuisances. In this paper, we present a decision support system for the public space administrator in order to manage building sites nuisances efficiently. The decision support offered through the system is a hybrid approach of two categories. In the first, the decision maker is assisted by supplying relevant information so he can choose the appropriate actions. The second involves activ...

  5. Tickled to death: analysing public perceptions of 'cute' videos of threatened species (slow lorises - Nycticebus spp. on Web 2.0 sites.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Anne-Isola Nekaris

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The internet is gaining importance in global wildlife trade and changing perceptions of threatened species. There is little data available to examine the impact that popular Web 2.0 sites play on public perceptions of threatened species. YouTube videos portraying wildlife allow us to quantify these perceptions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Focussing on a group of threatened and globally protected primates, slow lorises, we quantify public attitudes towards wildlife conservation by analysing 12,411 comments and associated data posted on a viral YouTube video 'tickling slow loris' over a 33-months period. In the initial months a quarter of commentators indicated wanting a loris as a pet, but as facts about their conservation and ecology became more prevalent this dropped significantly. Endorsements, where people were directed to the site by celebrities, resulted mostly in numerous neutral responses with few links to conservation or awareness. Two conservation-related events, linked to Wikipedia and the airing of a television documentary, led to an increase in awareness, and ultimately to the removal of the analysed video. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Slow loris videos that have gone viral have introduced these primates to a large cross-section of society that would not normally come into contact with them. Analyses of webometric data posted on the internet allow us quickly to gauge societal sentiments. We showed a clear temporal change in some views expressed but without an apparent increase in knowledge about the conservation plight of the species, or the illegal nature of slow loris trade. Celebrity endorsement of videos showing protected wildlife increases visits to such sites, but does not educate about conservation issues. The strong desire of commentators to express their want for one as a pet demonstrates the need for Web 2.0 sites to provide a mechanism via which illegal animal material can be identified and policed.

  6. Tickled to Death: Analysing Public Perceptions of ‘Cute’ Videos of Threatened Species (Slow Lorises – Nycticebus spp.) on Web 2.0 Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nekaris, By K. Anne-Isola; Campbell, Nicola; Coggins, Tim G.; Rode, E. Johanna; Nijman, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    Background The internet is gaining importance in global wildlife trade and changing perceptions of threatened species. There is little data available to examine the impact that popular Web 2.0 sites play on public perceptions of threatened species. YouTube videos portraying wildlife allow us to quantify these perceptions. Methodology/Principal Findings Focussing on a group of threatened and globally protected primates, slow lorises, we quantify public attitudes towards wildlife conservation by analysing 12,411 comments and associated data posted on a viral YouTube video ‘tickling slow loris’ over a 33-months period. In the initial months a quarter of commentators indicated wanting a loris as a pet, but as facts about their conservation and ecology became more prevalent this dropped significantly. Endorsements, where people were directed to the site by celebrities, resulted mostly in numerous neutral responses with few links to conservation or awareness. Two conservation-related events, linked to Wikipedia and the airing of a television documentary, led to an increase in awareness, and ultimately to the removal of the analysed video. Conclusions/Significance Slow loris videos that have gone viral have introduced these primates to a large cross-section of society that would not normally come into contact with them. Analyses of webometric data posted on the internet allow us quickly to gauge societal sentiments. We showed a clear temporal change in some views expressed but without an apparent increase in knowledge about the conservation plight of the species, or the illegal nature of slow loris trade. Celebrity endorsement of videos showing protected wildlife increases visits to such sites, but does not educate about conservation issues. The strong desire of commentators to express their want for one as a pet demonstrates the need for Web 2.0 sites to provide a mechanism via which illegal animal material can be identified and policed. PMID:23894432

  7. Tickled to death: analysing public perceptions of 'cute' videos of threatened species (slow lorises - Nycticebus spp.) on Web 2.0 sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anne-Isola Nekaris, K; Nekaris, By K Anne-Isola; Campbell, Nicola; Coggins, Tim G; Rode, E Johanna; Nijman, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    The internet is gaining importance in global wildlife trade and changing perceptions of threatened species. There is little data available to examine the impact that popular Web 2.0 sites play on public perceptions of threatened species. YouTube videos portraying wildlife allow us to quantify these perceptions. Focussing on a group of threatened and globally protected primates, slow lorises, we quantify public attitudes towards wildlife conservation by analysing 12,411 comments and associated data posted on a viral YouTube video 'tickling slow loris' over a 33-months period. In the initial months a quarter of commentators indicated wanting a loris as a pet, but as facts about their conservation and ecology became more prevalent this dropped significantly. Endorsements, where people were directed to the site by celebrities, resulted mostly in numerous neutral responses with few links to conservation or awareness. Two conservation-related events, linked to Wikipedia and the airing of a television documentary, led to an increase in awareness, and ultimately to the removal of the analysed video. Slow loris videos that have gone viral have introduced these primates to a large cross-section of society that would not normally come into contact with them. Analyses of webometric data posted on the internet allow us quickly to gauge societal sentiments. We showed a clear temporal change in some views expressed but without an apparent increase in knowledge about the conservation plight of the species, or the illegal nature of slow loris trade. Celebrity endorsement of videos showing protected wildlife increases visits to such sites, but does not educate about conservation issues. The strong desire of commentators to express their want for one as a pet demonstrates the need for Web 2.0 sites to provide a mechanism via which illegal animal material can be identified and policed.

  8. Public safety risk management at socio-economic and / or historic-cultural significant dam sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Earle, Gordon D.; Ryan, Katherine; Pyykonen, Nicole K.; Pitts, Lucas [Otonabee Region Conservation Authority, Peterborough, (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    The Lang Dam and adjoining gristmill, located near Peterborough are integral parts of the Lang Pioneer Village museum. Activities occurring within close proximity to the dam have led to safety issues. The owner (ORCA) has developed and implemented public safety management plans (PSMPs) for each of its water control structures, including the Lang Dam. ORCA gave special attention to the social, economic, aesthetic, historic and cultural dimensions associated the implementation of public safety management plans. These factors play a significant role in how well public safety measures (PSMs) are received by stakeholder groups and the general public. This paper reported the challenges of developing and implementing a PSMP for the Lang Dam, with the focus on property site-specific PSMS while preserving socio-economic and historic-cultural character and values. It was demonstrated that the dam owners, regulatory authorities, control agencies and preservationists need to come together to develop a holistic public safety management process.

  9. Visit our Site

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jos de Haan; Renée Mast; Marleen Varekamp; Susanne Janssen

    2006-01-01

    Original title: Bezoek onze site. More and more cultural organisations are digitising content and making this cultural treasure chest available to a wider public via the Internet. International comparison shows that the Netherlands is one of the leaders in this regard. This report summarises the ma

  10. 国内网络舆情研究热点与趋势分析%Domestic Internet Public Opinion Research Hot Spot and Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢卉; 黄建忠

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解国内网络舆情热点,提高舆情监测能力,为政府及相关部门决策提供服务.方法 通过下载CNKI收录的网络舆情论文(2005 - 2010年),借助于统计软件与科学计量方法对近6年来我国网络舆情的研究状况进行分析.结果 研究的热点问题为文本挖掘、引导、高校、突发事件、模型、舆情分析、预警、指标体系等;舆情研究已进入了发展阶段,形成了一批高产作者和出名的研究机构,部分阶段性研究成果已在网络舆情监测系统中得到应用.结论 舆情研究已进入了发展阶段,舆情监测工作应从实际需求出发,实时研究舆情发展趋势.%Objective To provide services for the decision meking of government and relevant departments by understanding the hot spot of the domestic internet public opinion and improving the monitoring capacity of public opinion. Methods Downloaded the domestic internet public opinion papers in CNKI (2005 -2010), with the situation of domestic internet public opinion in the past six years was analyzed by means of statistical software and scientific measurement methods. Results The research hot spot topics were the text mining, guide, college, emergency, models, public opinion analysis, early warning, indicator system and, etc. Public opinion research has entered the developing stage, with a group of high production authors and famous research institutions has formed. Part of initial findings of public opinion research has been applied in network monitoring system. Conclusion Public opinion research has entered the developing stage. Public opinion mornitoring should based on the actual demand to conduct real - time study of the developing trend.

  11. 试论网络舆情危机的消解途径——从政府信息公开的角度%Research on the resolution of internet public opinion crisis:from the perspective of government information publicity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏

    2011-01-01

    The concept and features of internet public opinion are introduced in the paper.And the factors of internet public opinion are analysed too.The paper focus on how to solve internet public opinion crisis from the perspective of government information publicity.%通过对网络舆情概念、特点的阐述,分析了网络舆情产生的原因,并着重从政府信息公开的角度探讨了网络舆情危机的消解途径。

  12. 互联网信息发布系统设计%Design on Internet Information Publication System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王效武; 刘英

    2013-01-01

    This information publication system, with internet application service platform, such as e-mail, micro-blog, sends information to the target user; with web crawler technology and keyword matching, collects accounts and addessess automatically; with email’s automatic activiation of account and identification-code recognition technology, solves the technical problems of automatic registration and login. The system realizes the edition and batch release of email, releases information through REST API of various microblog interfaces, such as sina, Tencent. The system software framework adopts three-layer structure,the base layer functions the adaptation of read/write and access to the database, and basic transport protocol stack as well;the supporting layer, independent of specific protocol, implements business logic; the presentation layer completes the man-machine interface presentation.%系统利用邮件、微博等互联网业务平台,向目标用户发布信息。采用网络爬虫技术和关键词匹配解决帐号、地址的自动采集,通过邮件自动激活账号和验证码识别技术突破自动注册和登陆等主要技术难点。系统实现了电子邮件的编辑和批量发布;利用新浪、腾讯等多种微博的REST API完成微博信息的发布。系统软件框架设计为三层复用结构,基础层功能包括数据库的读写访问适配,以及基础传送协议栈;支撑层独立于具体协议实现业务逻辑;表现层完成人机交互界面呈现。

  13. Agricultural Internet Public Opinion Monitoring System under Cloud Computing Environment%云环境下的农业网络舆情监测系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛; 刘世洪

    2015-01-01

    For a large number of agricultural information produced by micro-blog, BBS and online social network media, and the challenges brought by public opinion monitoring, an Agricultural Internet Public Opinion Monitoring System (AIPOMS) under the cloud computing environment was proposed. This paper focused on the model of Internet public opinion monitoring, including public opinion information collection, public opinion analysis and public opinion services. It can mine and analyze large scale collected data, and realize the recognition of sensitive topics, detection and tracking of hot topics, and visualization of analysis results. The system can provide the scientific basis for agricultural departments and decision makers to timely detect hot information, sensitive information and the trend of public opinion, and have great significance in the field of agricultural application.%针对微博、论坛等社会网络媒体产生的大量涉农信息,以及舆论监测所带来的挑战,提出建立云环境下农业网络舆情监测系统。重点描述了舆情监测的模型,包括舆情信息采集、舆情分析和舆情服务三个方面。该系统能够对大规模数据采集数据进行挖掘、分析,实现对舆情敏感话题识别、热点话题发现与追踪,并且分析结果可视化展示。为农业相关部门和决策者及时发现热点信息、敏感信息、舆情趋势分析提供科学依据,在农业应用领域具有重要意义。

  14. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2010-01-15

    This part of the issue gives Internet addresses in relation with nuclear energy, safety, radiation protection, legislation, at the national level and European and international level. A special part is devoted to non ionizing radiation. (N.C.)

  15. Friendships and the Internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Antheunis, Marjolijn; Berger, Charles; Roloff, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The Internet has effects on how people meet, communicate, and maintain friendships. Internet applications such as social network sites change the way, the frequency with which, and the people with whom individuals keep contact. The current entry describes the sort of friendships that can be distingu

  16. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire - IRSN, 92 - Clamart (France)

    2011-01-15

    This section gathers a selection of Internet links to online articles dealing with radiation protection issues. Below are the titles of the papers with their web site source: 1 - A mission of the European Commission verifies the proper enforcement by France of the EURATOM treaty dispositions relative to the control of radioactivity in the vicinity of uranium mines (http://www.asn.fr); 2 - tritium contamination at Saint-Maur-des-Fosses: new results from measurements performed by IRSN in the environment; 3 - status of radioactivity monitoring in French Polynesia in 2009 (http://www.irsn.fr); 4 - study of mortality and cancers impact near the Aube facility for low- and medium-activity waste storage (http://www.invs.sante.fr); 5 - Marcel Jurien de la Graviere appointed president of the guidance committee of the defense nuclear expertise of the Institute of radiation protection and nuclear safety (IRSN) (http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr); 6 - radiation protection 163: 'Childhood Leukaemia - Mechanisms and Causes'; 7- Radiation Protection 164: Radioactive effluents from nuclear power stations and nuclear fuel reprocessing sites in the European Union, 2004-08; 8 - Radiation Protection 165: Medical Effectiveness of Iodine Prophylaxis in a Nuclear Reactor Emergency Situation and Overview of European Practices Protection (http://ec.europa.eu); 9 - Report RIFE 15: Radioactivity in Food and the Environment - RIFE (SEPA - Scottish Environment Protection Agency, http://www.sepa.org.uk); 10 - HPA response statement: Advisory Group on Ionising Radiation's report on circulatory disease risk (HPA - Health Protection Agency, http://www.hpa.org.uk); 11 - launching of the national database for the voluntary registering of (quasi) incidents (AFCN - Federal agency of nuclear control, http://www.fanc.fgov.be); 12 - Radiation dose optimization in nuclear medicine (IAEA RPOP - Radiation Protection Of Patients, http://rpop.iaea.org); 13 - The government of Canada finances

  17. Reports on internet traffic statistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogesteger, Martijn; Oliveira Schmidt, de Ricardo; Sperotto, Anna; Pras, Aiko

    2013-01-01

    Internet traffic statistics can provide valuable information to network analysts and researchers about the way nowadays networks are used. In the past, such information was provided by Internet2 in a public website called Internet2 NetFlow: Weekly Reports. The website reported traffic statistics fro

  18. Reports on internet traffic statistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogesteger, Martijn; de Oliveira Schmidt, R.; Sperotto, Anna; Pras, Aiko

    2013-01-01

    Internet traffic statistics can provide valuable information to network analysts and researchers about the way nowadays networks are used. In the past, such information was provided by Internet2 in a public website called Internet2 NetFlow: Weekly Reports. The website reported traffic statistics

  19. Filtering the Internet: The Children's Internet Protection Act. Legal Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Martha M.

    2004-01-01

    Accompanying the explosive growth of the Internet have been concerns about protecting children from viewing pornographic and other harmful images through cyberspace. In the past few years, Congress has passed several acts to censor Internet sites available to children, but only the Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) has received Supreme…

  20. 一种自适应网络舆情演化建模方法%Adaptive Evolution Modeling Method of Internet Public Opinions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周耀明; 李弼程

    2013-01-01

    The existing short-term trend forecasting method ignores the variability of statistical properties of Internet public opinions' evolution, which leads to a blind model selection, and the poor forecasting performance. Therefore, an adaptive evolution modeling method of Internet public opinions (AEMIPO) is presented. Firstly, the method tracks the statistical characteristics of the process of Internet public opinions' evolution dynamically, such as smoothness, periodicity and self-similarity. Then, by selecting ARM A, ARIMA, SARIMA and FARIMA, an alternative model bank is constructed. Finally, by making model selection rules, an appropriate model is selected to model and forecast the evolution process adaptively. Experimental results show that compared with the existing methods, AEMIPO has higher forecasting accuracy and stability, and the method is more suitable for short-term modeling and forecasting of Internet public opinions' evolution trend.%针对短期趋势预测方法忽略演化过程统计特性的动态变化性,致使模型选择盲目、预测效果较差的问题,本文提出一种自适应网络舆情演化建模方法(AEMIPO).首先,动态跟踪网络舆情演化过程的平稳性、周期性和自相似性等统计特性;其次,选取能够描述上述统计特性的ARMA,ARIMA,SARIMA,FARIMA模型构建备选模型库;最后,通过制定模型选择规则,从备选模型库中选择合适的模型对当前时刻的演化过程进行自适应建模,并预测其演化趋势.实验表明,与现有方法相比,AEMIPO具有更高的预测精度与更好的预测稳定性,更适合对网络舆情演化过程进行短期建模及趋势预测.

  1. Connotea: site para a comunicação científica e compartilhamento de informações na Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sônia Elisa Caregnato

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available A Internet é reconhecidamente um terreno fecundo para as comunidades científicas, por sua rapidez, diversidade e possibilidades de novas formas de interação. O desenvolvimento de sites de social bookmarks, como o Connotea, permite aos pesquisadores gerenciar informações na Internet, organizando e compartilhando referências com seus pares científicos. Analisa-se este site que possui um caráter social e se apresenta como um novo espaço informal para compartilhamento de informações, criação de grupos e construção de bibliotecas próprias através do emprego de palavras-chave. Também, abordam-se os conceitos de comunidades científicas, social bookmarks e Folksonomia. Considera-se que o Connotea reproduz algumas tendências naturais das comunidades científicas e permite o intercâmbio entre as diferentes áreas do conhecimento.

  2. Some Aspects Regarding Internet Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiţu I.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine internet advertising, to understand its strengths and weaknesses, to compare the content and potential of traditional media with Web sites and to describe the specific types of internet advertising. The paper also tries to present some facts and figures regarding internet advertising.

  3. Guia de endereços eletrônicos para o estudo de cardiologia Guide of internet sites for the study of cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Aikawa

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Ampliar os recursos didáticos para estudantes de medicina, médicos e profissionais da área da saúde, estimulando o uso da Internet para fins acadêmicos ou de reciclagem em cardiologia. MÉTODO: Pesquisados e selecionados endereços eletrônicos com conteúdo acadêmico nas áreas da anatomia, biofísica, fisiologia, semiologia, eletrocardiografia e diagnóstico por imagem, com critérios de seleção, incluíndo relevância do conteúdo, clareza na apresentação e riqueza em recursos de animação e, os sites obtidos, classificados quanto ao conteúdo e nível acadêmico. RESULTADOS: Obtidos 5 sites de anatomia e anatomia patológica, 1 de biofísica, 3 de fisiologia, 8 de semiologia, 7 de diagnóstico por imagem e 2 de eletrocardiografia. Como alternativa de acesso, os sites também foram organizados de acordo com o nível acadêmico. O conjunto de endereços resultou em um guia simplificado e hierarquizado de conteúdos para o estudo da morfologia cardíaca e do diagnóstico por imagem em cardiologia. CONCLUSÃO: O roteiro obtido é um exemplo do potencial da Internet como instrumento de aprendizagem, a ser utilizado em associação com outros métodos pedagógicos convencionais.OBJECTIVE: To increase the offer of didactic resources for medical students, physicians, and health care professionals, stimulating the use of the Internet for academic purposes or cardiological updating. METHOD: Electronic addresses with academic content in the areas of anatomy, biophysics, physiology, semiology, electrocardiography, and image diagnosis were researched and selected. The selection criteria included the following: relevance of the content, neatness of presentation, and richness of animation resources. The sites obtained were classified in regard to their contents and academic level. RESULTS: The sites obtained were as follows: 5 sites of anatomy and anatomical pathology, one of biophysics, 3 of physiology, 8 of semiology, 7 of image

  4. Food and Beverage Brands that Market to Children and Adolescents on the Internet: A Content Analysis of Branded Web Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Anna E.; Story, Mary

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To identify food and beverage brand Web sites featuring designated children's areas, assess marketing techniques present on those industry Web sites, and determine nutritional quality of branded food items marketed to children. Design: Systematic content analysis of food and beverage brand Web sites and nutrient analysis of food and…

  5. Food and Beverage Brands that Market to Children and Adolescents on the Internet: A Content Analysis of Branded Web Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Anna E.; Story, Mary

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To identify food and beverage brand Web sites featuring designated children's areas, assess marketing techniques present on those industry Web sites, and determine nutritional quality of branded food items marketed to children. Design: Systematic content analysis of food and beverage brand Web sites and nutrient analysis of food and…

  6. 互联网舆情监测、预警和引导技术%Internet Public Opinion Monitoring, Early Warning and Guidance Technologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬冬; 林杉

    2014-01-01

    互联网舆情作为网络空间认知域的重要研究方向,已成为影响社会持续有序发展、维护国家安全和稳定的重要因素。在对现阶段舆情信息监测技术进行深入研究的基础上,分析了国内技术水平的差距,结合互联网空间认知域的分级预警和信息引导技术,提出了一个完整的舆情管控体系,融合了舆情的监测、预警和引导手段,达到化解公共危机和挫败恐怖分子破坏社会安定的目的。%As the important research direction of network spatial cognitive domain, the Internet public opinion has become the important factor to affect the social order and sustainable development and safeguard the national security and stability. Based on the further research of current public opinion information monitoring technology, this paper analyzes the gap of domestic technology level. Combining with the early-warning classification and information guidance technologies of Internet space cognitive domain, this paper proposes a complete public opinion management and control system which integrates the monitoring, early warning and guidance means of public opinion to resolve the public crisis, and defeat the disruption of social order of terrorists.

  7. Internet Search Engines

    OpenAIRE

    Fatmaa El Zahraa Mohamed Abdou

    2004-01-01

    A general study about the internet search engines, the study deals main 7 points; the differance between search engines and search directories, components of search engines, the percentage of sites covered by search engines, cataloging of sites, the needed time for sites appearance in search engines, search capabilities, and types of search engines.

  8. Internet Search Engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatmaa El Zahraa Mohamed Abdou

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available A general study about the internet search engines, the study deals main 7 points; the differance between search engines and search directories, components of search engines, the percentage of sites covered by search engines, cataloging of sites, the needed time for sites appearance in search engines, search capabilities, and types of search engines.

  9. 互联网舆情搜索分析系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of an Internet Public Sentiment Searching and Analysing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁键; 田宏林; 张涛

    2012-01-01

    文章描述了一个互联网舆情搜索分析系统的设计及实现方法.系统采用互联网搜索引擎(例如谷歌、百度、雅虎等)、RSS技术、网页信息结构化抽取等技术实现了对互联网敏感信息发现以及网络舆情信息的搜索分析.%In this paper, design and implementation method for an Internet public sentiment searching and analysing system is depicted. By using Internet Search Engines(such as Google, Baidu. Yahoo and so on), technologies of RSS and Web information extraction, this system is built to search Internet sensitive information and analyse the Internet public sentiment.

  10. Performance of a rapid, on-site human immunodeficiency virus antibody assay in a public health setting.

    OpenAIRE

    Kassler, W J; Haley, C; Jones, W. K.; Gerber, A R; E. J. Kennedy; George, J R

    1995-01-01

    Rapid, on-site human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing has the potential to improve the delivery of prevention services in publicly funded counseling and testing sites. The Single Use Diagnostic System (SUDS) HIV-1 is the only rapid enzyme immunoassay (EIA) approved for diagnostic use in the United States. To evaluate the feasibility of using SUDS in public clinics and to validate the test's performance in a public health laboratory, we conducted blinded SUDS testing on plasma sent for HIV...

  11. 网络舆论暴力的成因与对策%On the Causes and Countermeasure of the Violence of Public Opinion in Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚喆

    2011-01-01

    网络舆论暴力是社会舆论暴力在网络上的延伸。网络舆论暴力的成因在于相关法律规制不健全,网络媒体自身有局限性,网民理性的缺失,网络管理把关的缺位以及政府疏导的不到位。有鉴于此,我国政府须进一步完善规范网络行为的相关立法,加强行业自律,发挥"传媒把关人"的作用,加强网上舆论引导,拓宽信息渠道,提高网民网络素养,净化网络语言环境,从而有效的解决网络舆论暴力问题。%The violence of public opinion in Internet is the extension of public opinion violence in Internet.It is caused by many factors such as the imperfect related legal system,the limitation of online media,netizen's lack of rationality,the absence of network

  12. Using the Internet for Gerontology Education: Assessing and Improving Wikipedia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infeld, Donna Lind; Adams, William C.

    2013-01-01

    Older adults, students, professionals, and the general public increasingly turn to the Internet and to Wikipedia for information. Wikipedia, the world's sixth most used website, is by far the most widely used open-source information site. Among its nearly four million English-language encyclopedia articles, how thorough is coverage of key…

  13. Using the Internet for Gerontology Education: Assessing and Improving Wikipedia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infeld, Donna Lind; Adams, William C.

    2013-01-01

    Older adults, students, professionals, and the general public increasingly turn to the Internet and to Wikipedia for information. Wikipedia, the world's sixth most used website, is by far the most widely used open-source information site. Among its nearly four million English-language encyclopedia articles, how thorough is coverage of key…

  14. PUBLICATION BANS IN A FACEBOOK AGE: HOW INTERNET VIGILANTES HAVE CHALLENGED THE YOUTH CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT’S “SECRECY LAWS” FOLLOWING THE 2011 VANCOUVER STANLEY CUP RIOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Arvanitidis

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available On June 15th, 2011, a hockey riot occurred in Vancouver, British Columbia. This event is prominent in Canada’s history for, among other reasons, the unprecedented extent to which it was documented via photographs and video footage. The days that followed the riot saw much of this media documentation uploaded to social media platforms on the Internet, where Internet users worked together to identify and collectively “name and shame” those believed to have been involved in the disturbance. Several individuals targeted by these “Internet vigilantes” were young offenders whose identities are legally protected from publication under the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA. This article examines the phenomenon of “Internet vigilantism”, and raises the issue of whether those provisions within the YCJA that prohibit the identification of youth remain relevant today, given the current difficulties in enforcing these provisions. Following an overview of these “secrecy provisions”, the phenomenon of Internet vigilantism is defined, and challenges posed by acts of Internet vigilantism are discussed. A “naming and shaming” Facebook group created for the purpose of identifying participants in the 2011 Vancouver riot is then looked to as a case study of Internet vigilantism in action. This article concludes with recommendations for how justice officials and social media outlets may modify current practices to better protect the safety and security of young offenders, and to minimize harmful instances of Internet vigilantism.

  15. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [IRSN, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2010-04-15

    This part of the issue gives Internet addresses in relation with nuclear energy, safety, radiation protection in nuclear medicine, legislation, at the national level and European and international level. A special part is devoted to non ionizing radiation. (N.C.)

  16. Bonegilla Heritage Park: Contesting and Co-ordinating a Public History Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Dellios

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1980s, efforts to publically commemorate the former migrant training and reception centre of Bonegilla, while intermittent, have increased. I am referring to: reunions and anniversaries, state and national heritage listings, the erection of museum displays, temporary and touring exhibitions, the on-site Heritage Park, and forms of popular culture. For the national audience, as well as several ethnic communities, Bonegilla now plays a role in the collective imagination of the post-war period and the migrant journey. Furthermore, the nature of Bonegilla’s public representation has evolved since the late 1980s. Bonegilla has become much more than a place of personal migrant memory, and its previous negative connotations in the public arena have been erased. This public evolution is linked to much wider processes in our national history. This article thus explores the contestation and co-ordination of collective memories—that is, multiple narratives of Bonegilla’s past, which, while in constant dialogue with each other, are framed and sanctioned by the limits of Australian multiculturalism and heritage discourses. While the earliest efforts to commemorate Bonegilla might be typified as ‘participatory’ and vernacular, they might now be described in reference to ‘retrospective commemoration’, in which Bonegilla’s public history is framed by state-sanctioned narratives and other attendant discursive frameworks.

  17. 论网络舆情预警的主客体及其伦理问题%On the Subject and Object of the Internet Public Opinion Early-Warning and Its Ethical Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海明

    2015-01-01

    During the social transformation period, the social problems are showing up, and these lead to the augmentation of the internet public opinion events. Each internet public opinion even lies in some questions both the involved parties and the social management depart-ments embarrassed. It leads to low quality both public opinion judgement and early-warning. Therefore, we should think about the related concepts of the internet public opinion warning. In this paper, we apply to epistemology method to study this question. The subject of the internet public opinion includes the stakeholder, the social management departments and the specialized public opinion service institution. The object of the internet public opinion includes the involved parties’ spiritual interests and economic interests. The ethical problems of the internet public opinion waning are as follows:emphasizing the client’ s interests one-sidely, abusing the article-deleting technical means and “interest above everything” in public opinion service. The research on the ethical problem of the internet public opinion warn-ing can help regulate the judgement and warning of the internet public opinion.%网络舆情预警普遍存在主体和客体认识不清的问题,降低了舆情研判及预警的质量。基于认识论的研究方法,将网络舆情预警的主体分为利益相关者、社会治理部门和专业舆情服务机构,与之相对应的客体包括涉事方的精神利益和经济利益。根据提高网络舆情预警质量之目的,剖析了网络舆情预警主体存在片面强调客户利益、滥用删帖技术手段以及涉事方利益至上等伦理问题。最后根据认识论和伦理分析,提醒社会治理部门、舆情事件涉事方和公众,不要为虚假舆情所蒙蔽。

  18. A Content Analysis of Health and Safety Communications Among Internet-Based Sex Work Advertisements: Important Information for Public Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atchison, Chris

    2017-01-01

    Background The capacity to advertise via the Internet continues to contribute to the shifting dynamics in adult commercial sex work. eHealth interventions have shown promise to promote Internet-based sex workers’ health and safety internationally, yet minimal attention has been paid in Canada to developing such interventions. Understanding the information communicated in Internet-based sex work advertisements is a critical step in knowledge development to inform such interventions. Objective The purpose of this content analysis was to increase our understanding of the health and safety information within the Internet advertisements among women, men, and transgender sex workers and to describe how this information may be utilized to inform eHealth service development for this population. Methods A total of 75 Internet-based sex worker advertisements (45 women, 24 men, and 6 transgender persons) were purposefully selected from 226 advertisements collected as part of a larger study in Western Canada. Content analysis was employed to guide data extraction about demographic characteristics, sexual services provided, service restrictions, health practices and concerns, safety and security, and business practices. Frequencies for each variable were calculated and further classified by gender. Thematic analysis was then undertaken to situate the communications within the social and commercialized contexts of the sex industry. Results Four communications themes were identified: (1) demographic characteristics; (2) sexual services; (3) health; and (4) safety and security. White was the most common ethnicity (46/75, 61%) of advertisements. It was found that 20-29 years of age accounted for 32 of the 51 advertisements that provided age. Escort, the only legal business title, was the most common role title used (48/75, 64%). In total, 85% (64/75) of advertisements detailed lists of sexual services provided and 41% (31/75) of advertisements noted never offering uncovered

  19. A Content Analysis of Health and Safety Communications Among Internet-Based Sex Work Advertisements: Important Information for Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kille, Julie; Bungay, Vicky; Oliffe, John; Atchison, Chris

    2017-04-13

    The capacity to advertise via the Internet continues to contribute to the shifting dynamics in adult commercial sex work. eHealth interventions have shown promise to promote Internet-based sex workers' health and safety internationally, yet minimal attention has been paid in Canada to developing such interventions. Understanding the information communicated in Internet-based sex work advertisements is a critical step in knowledge development to inform such interventions. The purpose of this content analysis was to increase our understanding of the health and safety information within the Internet advertisements among women, men, and transgender sex workers and to describe how this information may be utilized to inform eHealth service development for this population. A total of 75 Internet-based sex worker advertisements (45 women, 24 men, and 6 transgender persons) were purposefully selected from 226 advertisements collected as part of a larger study in Western Canada. Content analysis was employed to guide data extraction about demographic characteristics, sexual services provided, service restrictions, health practices and concerns, safety and security, and business practices. Frequencies for each variable were calculated and further classified by gender. Thematic analysis was then undertaken to situate the communications within the social and commercialized contexts of the sex industry. Four communications themes were identified: (1) demographic characteristics; (2) sexual services; (3) health; and (4) safety and security. White was the most common ethnicity (46/75, 61%) of advertisements. It was found that 20-29 years of age accounted for 32 of the 51 advertisements that provided age. Escort, the only legal business title, was the most common role title used (48/75, 64%). In total, 85% (64/75) of advertisements detailed lists of sexual services provided and 41% (31/75) of advertisements noted never offering uncovered services (ie, no condom). Gender and the

  20. 基于大数据的移动互联网公共服务平台%Mobile Internet-based Public Service Platform for Big Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦恬恬

    2016-01-01

    公安交通领域已经形成日增PB级的数据,是世界上最丰富的大数据资源之一。但这些数据大部分处于睡眠状态且时效性较差。因此,本文在数据接口方面进行了重点研究,并在此基础上,构建了基于移动互联网手机APP、微信、支付宝等运营载体的公共服务平台,为公众在交通出行、交管、出入境等诸多与日常生活息息相关的公安交通业务提供一系列便捷、优质、高效的服务,让广大群众切身感受到“互联网+交通管理创新”带来的便捷。%Public security traffic area has been the formation of increasing PB level of data, is one of the world's most abundant large data resources. However, most of these data are in sleep and the timeliness is poor. Therefore,this paper focuses on the data interface,and on this basis,the construction of the mobile Internet mobile phone APP, WeChat, Alipay and other operations of the carrier of the public service plat-form based on the public in transportation,traffic control,immigration and other daily life is closely relat-ed to the public transport business to provide a series of convenient and high quality and efficient service, so that the people feel"bring Internet plus convenient traffic management innovation".

  1. Transparency and Public Involvement in Siting a Nuclear Waste Repository in Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lennartz, Hans-Albert; Mussel, Christine [WIBERA/PWIBERA/PriceWaterhouseCoopers Deutsche Rev., Hannover (Germany); Nies, Alexander [Federal Ministry for the Environment, Bonn (Germany)

    2001-07-01

    The 1998 election of the Federal Parliament led to a significant reorientation of German energy policy. In June 2000, the Federal Government (FG) has achieved an agreement with the utility companies in which they respect the decision of the FG to put an orderly end to nuclear power generation by prohibiting the erection of new, and limiting the operational period of existing power plants. The agreement also contains cornerstones of a new radioactive waste management policy: New interim storage facilities will be built at reactor sites in order to minimise transports to the existing central interim storage facilities at Ahaus and Gorleben; The utilities will use all acceptable contractual possibilities with their international partners to end reprocessing as soon as possible. By mid 2005 at the latest, spent fuel management in Germany will be limited to direct disposal; The exploration of the salt dome at Gorleben will be interrupted for at least three, and at most ten years, to clarify conceptual and safety questions. Correspondingly, the FG has initiated an amendment of the atomic energy act and the development of a new plan for radioactive waste management. In the field of radioactive waste disposal, the Federal Government pursues two new objectives: For the disposal of all kinds and amounts of radioactive waste, one single repository in deep geologic formations shall be erected around 2030; The suitability of further sites in different host formations shall be examined. Feasibility and consequences of the first objective have still to be carefully examined in detail. Development of a new disposal concept and final decisions on both the existing disposal projects as well as on new potential sites are therefore an ambitious challenge for the coming years. The second objective brings up a key question which several leading countries presently attempt to successfully address: how to select sites which are both suitable for safe disposal and accepted in the public

  2. The Internet as a Telephone Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMillo, Richard A.

    1998-01-01

    Some Internet technologists predict that Internet telephony will topple the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) and become the next telephone network. This article examines Internet telephony (real-time and non-real-time communications); its potential for integrating wireline, wireless, and Internet network services; and factors determining…

  3. Internet Banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felician ALECU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet Banking (known also as online banking allows performing transactions and payments over the internet through a bank's secure website. This can be very useful, especially for banking outside bank hours (which tend to be very short and banking from anywhere where internet access is available. In most cases a web browser such as Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox is utilized and any normal internet connection is suitable. No special software or hardware is usually needed.

  4. Accuracy of Answers Provided by Digital/Face-to-Face Reference Services in Japanese Public Libraries and Q & A Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Keita; To, Haruna; Hara, Atsuyuki

    2011-01-01

    We asked the same 60 questions using DRS (digital reference services) in Japanese public libraries, face-to-face reference services and Q & A (question and answer) sites. It was found that: (1) The correct answer ratio of DRS is higher than that of Q & A sites; (2) DRS takes longer to provide answers as compared to Q & A sites; and (3)…

  5. Publication and Protection of Sensitive Site Information in a Grid Infrastructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cholia, Shreyas; Cholia, Shreyas; Porter, R. Jefferson

    2008-03-31

    In order to create a successful grid infrastructure, sites and resource providers must be able to publish information about their underlying resources and services. This information makes it easier for users and virtual organizations to make intelligent decisions about resource selection and scheduling, and can be used by the grid infrastructure for accounting and troubleshooting services. However, such an outbound stream may include data deemed sensitive by a resource-providing site, exposing potential security vulnerabilities or private user information to the world at large, including malicious entities. This study analyzes the various vectors of information being published from sites to grid infrastructures. In particular, it examines the data being published to, and collected by the Open Science Grid, including resource selection, monitoring, accounting, troubleshooting, logging and site verification data. We analyze the risks and potential threat models posed by the publication and collection of such data. We also offer some recommendations and best practices for sites and grid infrastructures to manage and protect sensitive data.

  6. Publication and Protection of Sensitive Site Information in a Grid Infrastructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cholia, Shreyas; Cholia, Shreyas; Porter, R. Jefferson

    2008-03-31

    In order to create a successful grid infrastructure, sites and resource providers must be able to publish information about their underlying resources and services. This information makes it easier for users and virtual organizations to make intelligent decisions about resource selection and scheduling, and can be used by the grid infrastructure for accounting and troubleshooting services. However, such an outbound stream may include data deemed sensitive by a resource-providing site, exposing potential security vulnerabilities or private user information to the world at large, including malicious entities. This study analyzes the various vectors of information being published from sites to grid infrastructures. In particular, it examines the data being published to, and collected by the Open Science Grid, including resource selection, monitoring, accounting, troubleshooting, logging and site verification data. We analyze the risks and potential threat models posed by the publication and collection of such data. We also offer some recommendations and best practices for sites and grid infrastructures to manage and protect sensitive data.

  7. Internet use in radiology: results of a nationwide survey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vorbeck, F. E-mail: friedrich.vorbeck@univie.ac.at; Zimmermann, C.; Vorbeck-Meister, I.; Kainberger, F.; Imhof, H

    1999-08-01

    Purpose: To determine the number of radiologists who currently have Internet access, their use patterns on the Internet for Radiology purposes, the web sites they would recommend, and the potential site access to the Internet that they would like to see in the future. In addition, this study analyzed the best way to find nationwide radiological sites and their content. Materials and Methods: In a nationwide survey, 854 Austrian radiologist were asked to fill out and return a questionnaire about Internet access, current problems, current and future use, which web site they recommend, and about the use of e-mail. Next, the available nationwide radiological sites were searched with seven major search engines using 37 different keywords, as well as by category search, and by searching for links on the homepages of the radiological departments of all Universities of Austria. Then, the offered information of the founded pages was classified in categories. Results: Of the 210 (24.6%) radiologists who returned the questionnaire, 154 (73%) had Internet access. Time expenditure was considered the main problem using the Internet. The Internet was used for literature research by 69% of the radiologists with Internet access, for e-mail by 60%, and for congress information by 57%. In future, 43% would like to read electronic journals more often and 39% would like to use the web more intensively for scientific congresses. At the present time, we found 17 radiological web sites in Austria. The most promising way to find these sites was to use the search engines Alta Vista and Hotbot. Fifteen (88%) sites offered information for patients, seven (41%) for radiologists, five (29%) for students, and four (24%) for researchers. Summary: Many radiologists in Austria already have Internet access, although time expenditure was considered the main problem with Internet use. Survey responses showed a need for electronic journals. To our point of view, Universities and radiological societies

  8. The Oskarshamn model for public involvement in the siting of nuclear facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aahagen, H. [Ahagen and Co (Sweden); CarIsson, Torsten [Mayor, Oskarshamn (Sweden); Hallberg, K. [Local Competence Building, Oskarshamn (Sweden); Andersson, Kjell [Karinta-Konsult, Taeby(Sweden)

    1999-12-01

    The Oskarshamn model has so far worked extremely well as a tool to achieve openness and public participation. The municipality involvement has been successful in several aspects, e.g.: It has been possible to influence the program, to a large extent, to meet certain municipality conditions and to ensure the local perspective. The local competence has increased to a considerable degree. The activities generated by the six working groups with a total of 40 members have generated a large number of contacts with various organisations, schools, mass media, individuals in the general public and interest groups. For the future, clarification of the disposal method and site selection criteria as well as the site selection process as such is crucial. The municipality has also emphasised the importance of SKB having shown the integration between site selection criteria, the feasibility study and the safety assessment. Furthermore, the programs for the encapsulation facility and the repository must be co-ordinated. For Oskarshamn it will be of utmost importance that the repository is well under way to be realised before the encapsulation facility can be built.

  9. Internet Public Opinion Hot Spot Mining Base on Complex Network Theory%基于复杂网络方法的舆情热点挖掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄敏; 胡学钢

    2011-01-01

    This paper focused on the Internet public opinion hot spot mining based on the complex network theory and methods. Internet public opinion analysis techniques can be divided into content-based analytical methods and analyses based on data mining methods. Both are traditional technology and have no relation with the network. This paper gave the idea of public opinion analyses and proposed a network-based approach to resolve network problems. The public opinion web pages could be represented as nodes of complex networks and the sides were links of those pages. The public opinion network meets the complex network characteristics. Based on Hits algorithm and PageRank algorithm, we can find out the most popular public opinions in the network, which showed a hot public opinion. With a data set from Wikipedia, experimental results show that both methods can identify hot spots of public opinion networks. Because PageRank method focuses on the impact of link nodes and Hits algorithm focus on the core degree of the nodes, the mining results have some difference. We can combine the mining results of the two methods according to the field characteristics to get the Internet public opinion hot spots.%研究使用复杂网络理论和算法的网络舆情热点提取.网络舆情分析技术可以分为基于内容的分析方法和基于数据挖掘的分析方法,二者均是采用传统技术处理网络舆情,并未结合网络特性.针对上述问题,开拓了舆情分析的思路,提出采用网络化方法处理网络问题的思想,将舆情网络的页面视为节点,链接关系作为边,构建符合复杂网络特征的舆情传播网络.使用PageRank算法和Hits算法,可以挖掘出舆情网络中的重要节点,进而发现舆情热点.以维基百科数据为仿真数据集,采用新提出的方法,可以挖掘相关领域的热点条目.仿真结果表明,两种方法均可以完成网络舆情热点的发掘工作,从复杂网络的角度处理网络舆情

  10. Remote engineering for a cheese whey biorefinery: an Internet-based application for process design, economic analysis, monitoring, and control of multiple plant sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Gilson A; Giordano, Raquel L C; Giordano, Roberto C

    2009-01-01

    The proteolysis of cheese whey with the aid of immobilized enzymes is an attractive alternative for this by-product of the dairy industry. Among some possible applications for whey protein hydrolysates, one may cite their use as protein source for individuals with reduced capacity of digestion, or with genetic metabolic disorders (phenylketonuria patients, for instance). The multipurpose plant that processes whey is named here as a cheese whey biorefinery. This work presents the remote control and monitoring of the whey biorefineries using the Internet. In an integrated environment, the web application also enables simulation and economic analyses of the process. This technology might allow small companies to access a remote "engineering centre", with know-how on plant design and advanced control techniques. The idea can also be extended to large dairy companies, providing the remote control of geographically spread sites of production.

  11. Research on the Influence of Micro-blog Fragmentation on University Internet Public Opinion and Its Guidance%微博碎片化对高校网络舆情的影响与引导研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王舒婷

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the "fragmentation" feature of micro-blog, this paper rethinks the possible negative influence of the frag-mentation feature on university Internet public opinion, summa-rizes the characteristics of the current university Internet public opinion, and tentatively proposes the strategies of guiding univer-sity Internet public opinion.%本文从微博“碎片化”特征入手,反思微博兴盛背后,其碎片化特征可能对高校网络舆情带来的消极影响,并归纳当前高校网络舆情的特征,探索性地提出高校网络舆情的引导策略,以进一步提升在新媒体时代高校网络舆情应对的实效性与针对性。

  12. 贵州省高校网络舆情现状及对策研究%Research on the Current Situation and Countermeasures of College Internet Public Opinion in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾孝敏; 杨克本

    2016-01-01

    本文运用问卷调查法对贵州五所高校的网络舆情现状进行了调查,对贵州高校网络舆情的现状进行了分析和统计,总结出了贵州高校网络舆情的特点及网络舆情管理存在的问题,针对这些问题,提出一些建议,给贵州高校网络舆情引导提供参考.%Questionnaires were used to investigate and analyze the current situation of Internet public opinion in five colleges of Guizhou, and its characteristics were summarized. Based on the problems existing in Internet public opinion management, some suggestions were proposed in order to provide a reference for the guidance of college Internet public opinion in Guizhou.

  13. An off-site screening process for the public in radiation emergencies and disasters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Seok Won; Ho, Ha Wi; Jin, Young Woo [National Radiation Emergency Medical Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-09-15

    A contamination screening process for the local population in radiation emergencies is discussed. We present an overview of the relevant Korean governmental regulations that underpin the development of an effective response system. Moreover, case studies of foreign countries responding to mass casualties are presented, and indicate that responses should be able to handle a large demand for contamination screening of the local public as well as screening of the immediate victims of the incident. We propose operating procedures for an off-site contamination screening post operated by the local government for members of the public who have not been directly harmed in the accident. In order to devise screening categories, sorting strategies assessing contamination and exposure are discussed, as well as a psychological response system. This study will lead to the effective operation of contamination screening clinics if an accident occurs. Furthermore, the role of contamination screening clinics in the overall context of the radiation emergency treatment system should be clearly established.

  14. INTERNET ASSISTED LEARNING OF BIOCHEMISTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Lima

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The revolution  in information  technology  has included the INTERNET to the available  resources for biochemical  education.  There  is a great  deal of biochemical  information, and  the  amount is increas- ing rapidly,  indeed  exponentially.  The  aim of this work is to analyze  the  biochemical  issues cellular respiration, photosynthesis and membrane  transport available  in web pages, taking  into account con- tents  quality,  trustworthiness and effectiveness. Firstly  1st secondary level students were inquired by a questionnaire on their use of INTERNET resources.  More then 80 percent of them were regular users. The  results  confirm the  already  known  potential of INTERNET in education.  Fourteen sites  were analyzed  regarding  to contents, presence  of bibliographical, references,  authorship, titles  responsible and adequacy  to the target public.  In relation  to contents, presence of conceptual  errors, illustrations and other  stimulatory elements  were analyzed.  The great  majority  did not mention  bibliographic  ref- erences and target public.  Less than  half divulged responsible  names and/or their  graduation status. Some sites contained critical  conceptual  errors,  as the mention  of, as examples:  during  the cell active transport process, of energy (ATP waste (desperdício by the cell; the yeast is a pluricellular  fungal; and  the  oxygen is essential  for anaerobic  respiration.  However,  one of the  sites,  where  such  errors were found, was the only one to mention  enzymes and regulation  steps of cellular respiration. Half of the sites present identical  texts  and figures. None of the analyzed  sites thus  was considered excellent. Our data  strenghthen the need for rigorous evaluation concerning of scholarly research  of biochemical theme  on the web.INTERNET ASSISTED LEARNING OF  BIOCHEMISTRY

  15. A Study and Management on Food Safety Internet Fake Public Opinion%食品安全网络伪舆情研究及管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静娴

    2014-01-01

    随着人们对食品安全问题的日益关注,出现了人为制造食品安全网络话题热点,甚至制造、传播食品安全伪舆情以达到某些特定目的的现象。本文针对这一新兴研究课题首先剖析了食品安全伪舆情的概念,然后通过分析制造食品安全伪舆情的原因、途径、特征提出了针对食品安全伪舆情的管理对策建议。%With the growing attention to food safety issues,a phenomenon of man-made food safety internet hotspot,even manufacturing,spreading fake public opinion in order to achieve certain purposes has appeared. According to this emerging research topic,the paper first analyzes the concept of food safety fake public opinion. Then management suggestions of food safety fake public opinion are proposed by analyzing the reasons,pathways, characteristics of food safety fake public opinion.

  16. Increasing the value of the Public Building Assets: the former military sites redevelopment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Pollo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The sale of public real estate assets is one of the main issues in the governments agenda. The goal is to find resources and improve the management of the building stock. Such assets are different from each other and transformation involves issues of urban and regional importance. Former military sites are mainly characterized by: different types (barracks, military airports, military bases, military hospitals, firing ranges, powder magazine, ports, spread out, obsolescence and environmental liabilities. Also historical buildings are relatively few in the military building stock. It follows that these assets cannot be converted to other uses without a technological knowledge. The paper discusses the key issues in rehabilitation of the military sites with particular attention to recent international experiences. The paper then goes on to focus the role of the research institutions in the screening required of the military real estate to be divested.

  17. Evaluation of Story Maps to Enhance Public Engagement and Communication at Legacy Management Sites – 17334

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo, Darina [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Carpenter, Cliff [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Linard, Joshua [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Picel, Mary [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2017-03-05

    Story Maps are being used in both public and private sectors to convey information to stakeholders, create enterprise platforms, and assist in decision making. Story Maps are web applications that combine maps, narrative text, images, and multimedia content to provide information. These applications provide a user-friendly platform to share the remarkable history of our sites, the complexity of their contamination and remediation, successes we achieve in our LTS&M activities, and even the challenges we face as we aim to fulfill our mission.

  18. Esfera pública y redes sociales en Internet: ¿Qué es lo nuevo en Facebook?/ Public sphere and social networks resources on Internet: What's new in Facebook?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Raimondo Anselmino

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Habitamos en sociedades altamente mediatizadas ya no sólo completamente atravesadas por la acción de los medios masivos de comunicación sino, también, por las nuevas tensiones que asume el proceso de mediatización a partir del desarrollo de las redes sociales en Internet. Al reconocer la naturaleza ambiental y constructiva de los medios masivos de comunicación es posible, también, considerar a la mediatización como modalidad nuclear de construcción de la esfera pública. En dicho contexto, este escrito inquiere sobre los modos en que el funcionamiento de Facebook y los discursos allí expuestos participan en la configuración de la esfera pública contemporánea, así como, además, sobre el grado de novedad que presenta dicha intervención respecto de la ejercida por los tradicionales medios masivos de comunicación. En función de articular las reflexiones expuestas con algunos de los ejes que ha asumido el debate teórico suscitado por el análisis que realizó Habermas sobre la génesis y las transformaciones estructurales de la vida pública, este texto se concentra en los siguientes tres aspectos: la gestión de la visibilidad, de la puesta en público o publicación; el lugar que ocupan el diálogo, la deliberación y el disenso; la condición múltiple y móvil de la esfera pública actual. We live in highly mediatizated societies and not only completely traversed by the action of the mass media but also by new tensions that assumes the mediatization process from the development of social networks resources on Internet. Recognizing the environmental and constructive nature of the mass media, it is also possible to consider mediatization as nuclear mode of construction of the public sphere. In this context, this paper asks about the ways in which the operation of Facebook and discourses posted there shape contemporary public sphere, and also the degree of novelty of such intervention with respect to that exerted by the

  19. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere on the Internet: Focused on New Media Literacy and Collectivity of Online Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Jiwon

    2013-01-01

    Through the case of one online disputant, Minerva, this study intended to see the possibilities of online communities as the public sphere. Minerva's postings and comments were analyzed using discourse analysis and ground theory. It was found that the online community did act as the public sphere at that time, such as setting agenda and developing…

  20. Internet and forensic science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamakura, Reddy P.

    1997-02-01

    The Internet is a very powerful and inexpensive tool that was created for the free distribution of knowledge and information. The Internet is a learning tool, a research tool, a virtual library without borders and membership requirements, a journal with instant publication, a help desk, and a newspaper/journal with current information. Very soon, when live audio and video transmission is perfected, the Internet also will be a live classroom and everyday conference. Forensic scientists, laboratories and colleges should make use of information already available on the Internet. They also should actively participate and contribute. Very few forensic scientists and laboratories have made their presence felt by setting up their home pages/web pages. But, there is tremendous growth during the past year. Immense benefits from Internet to forensic community are discussed along with the author's personal experience. Creating on-line searchable data bases in all specialties of forensic science is an urgent need. Leading forensic journals should take a lead and create on-line searchable indexes with abstracts. On line electronic publishing, collaborative research/paper publishing or editing is easy, fast, economical and convenient through the use of the Internet. Creation of Internet repositories of unpublished papers is an idea worth looking into. Internet also can be used to give training, re-training or advanced training to students/forensic scientists.

  1. 基于群集动力学和演化博弈论的网络舆情疏导模型%The Internet public opinion grooming model based on cluster dynamics and evolutionary game theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋彪; 朱建明; 黄启发

    2014-01-01

    The Internet is becoming a spreading platform for the public opinion and the crisis guidance issues of the Internet public opinion directly related to the safety and stability of the whole society.It's important to model the Internet public opinion activity as accurate as possible.Because of the Internet public opinion presents the group characteristics in the emergence and development process,the Internet public opinion groups flow process and individual flow process are studied and the Internet public opinion grooming mathematical model is presented based on the cluster dynamics and evolutionary game theory.By using multi-agent simulation for the proposed model,the validity of the model of the Internet public opinion grooming is proved.Results of this research provide a theoretical model for an effective solution to solve the Internet public opinion group crisis environment.%互联网已经成为公共舆情传播的主要平台,网络舆情的危机疏导问题直接关系到整个社会的安全和稳定,而对网络舆情的活动进行准确分析是网络舆情疏导的重要前提,基于网络舆情在产生和发展过程中所呈现的群体性,本文应用群集动力学和演化博弈论的方法,在研究网络舆情群体流动过程和个体流动过程的基础上,构建了网络舆情疏导模型.通过使用多Agent仿真,应用所提出的模型,寻求在相关约束下的最佳疏导策略,证明了网络舆情疏导模型的有效性.本文的研究成果为有效解决群体危机环境下的网络舆情疏导问题提供理论依据.

  2. SiteChar. Characterisation of European CO2 storage. Deliverable D8.2. Trust building and raising public awareness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Pol, M.; Mastop, E.A. [ECN Policy Studies, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands ECN, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kaiser, M.; Zimmer, R. [Unabhaengiges Institut fuer Umweltfragen UfU, Berlin (Germany); Shackley, S.; Mabon, L.; Howell, R. [Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage SCCS, Edinburg, Scotland (United Kingdom)

    2012-08-15

    At local level, public support has proven crucial to the implementation of CO2 capture and storage (CCS) demonstration projects. Whereas no method exists to guarantee public acceptability of any project, a constructive stakeholder and community engagement process does increase the likelihood thereof. This deliverable is a follow-up to deliverable D8.1 'Social site characterisation'. Social site characterisation can be used as an instrument to explore, plan and evaluate a process of active and constructive local stakeholder and citizen engagement in a prospective CCS project as a parallel activity to technical site characterisation. It serves as an analytical tool to describe the local social circumstances in the area and to design and evaluate stakeholder and community engagement efforts with the aims of building trust and raising public awareness. Using results from the social site characterisation of the area, the present deliverable focuses on the second purpose. It presents results from public engagement activities designed to raise public awareness and inform public opinion of a prospective CCS site in Poland (onshore) and the UK (offshore): focus conferences. Furthermore, by initiating an enhanced cooperation in planning of new storage sites between project developers, authorities and the local public, focus conferences aim to serve as a 'hinge' between social site characterisation as a research effort and application to real-life project settings. The focus conferences are part of a range of public engagement activities including the setup of public information websites on generic and site-specific CCS, information meetings. A second survey eventually shall evaluate the results of the public engagement activities. The aim of the focus conferences was to raise public awareness and assist public opinion forming processes of a prospective CCS site in Poland (onshore) and the UK (offshore). At the same time, it aimed to present and test a

  3. Factors Related to Initiating Interpersonal Contacts on Internet Dating Sites: A View From the Social Exchange Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivka Shtatfeld

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence dating-site users to initiate contact with potential romantic partners. The study was carried out by observing online behaviors and analyzing the profiles and authentic messages of these users (N = 106 over seven months. Contacts made by and with the research participants were analyzed in terms of the relationships between initiators‘ and receivers‘ demographic variables (marital status, age, level of education, income, writing skills, and stated physical appearance. In addition, the relationship between contacting partners and site accessibility was examined. The findings revealed that dating-site users initiated contact primarily with those having a similar marital status or slightly better characteristics (income, education, writing skills. In regard to writing skills, it was found that skilled writers attracted more contacts than did less skilled writers. However, the factor that was found to be most significantly related to initiating contact was the length of time that elapsed from last connection to the site, which implies the perceived accessibility of potential romantic partners. The findings were explained in terms of the Social Exchange Theory: people are attracted to those who grant them rewards.

  4. Internet economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    1997-01-01

    A paper on the economics of the Internet with respect to end user pricing and pricing og interconnect.......A paper on the economics of the Internet with respect to end user pricing and pricing og interconnect....

  5. Internet Economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    1998-01-01

    Article descibing and analysing the influence of the commercialisation of Internet on end-user and interconnect pricing.......Article descibing and analysing the influence of the commercialisation of Internet on end-user and interconnect pricing....

  6. Internet factories

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijkers, R.J.

    2014-01-01

    This thesis contributes a novel concept for introducing new network technologies in network infrastructures. The concept, called Internet factories, describes the methodical process to create and manage application-specific networks from application programs, referred to as Netapps. An Internet

  7. Internet Factories

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijkers, R.J.

    2014-01-01

    This thesis contributes a novel concept for introducing new network technologies in network infrastructures. The concept, called Internet factories, describes the methodical process to create and manage application-specific networks from application programs, referred to as Netapps. An Internet

  8. Internet Economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    1998-01-01

    Article descibing and analysing the influence of the commercialisation of Internet on end-user and interconnect pricing.......Article descibing and analysing the influence of the commercialisation of Internet on end-user and interconnect pricing....

  9. Internet economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    1997-01-01

    A paper on the economics of the Internet with respect to end user pricing and pricing og interconnect.......A paper on the economics of the Internet with respect to end user pricing and pricing og interconnect....

  10. 网络舆论对政府危机公关的影响%Internet Public Opinion on the Impact of Government Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉

    2012-01-01

    进入网络信息时代以后,以互联网、电子论坛、微博以及手机等传播媒介为载体的公众舆论——网络舆论逐渐兴盛起来。近年来各类网络突发性公共事件频频发生,各类危机在众多领域相继出现,而网络媒介因其开放、及时、互动、共享等特征使得危机信息的传播速度比以往更快、传递的渠道更广、信息控制和垄断更难,从而使得危机极易被迅速扩大。这就要求政府危机公关的理念以及方式必须有所变革。首先对网络舆论、危机公关和政府危机公关等相关理论进行了概念上的界定,然后从网络舆论的传播特点分析了新形势下网络舆论对政府危机公关的双重性影响。%After entering Internet era,special transmitting media as internet,electronic forums and mobile phone system,etc have been popular.With the increasing frequency of various public emergencies and all kinds of crises appeared in numerous fields,whereas those crises have been expanding rapidly under unprecedented quick promotion,wide range of channels,hard control and of crisis information due to the characteristics of media as publicity,timeliness,share,etc,a clear recognition of the changing environment and under which responding transformation of government’s strategies of public relation on crisis are required.In this article,a definition of some core concepts as network opinion,public relation on crisis,government crisis management,etc has been made initially.Then analysis about the double effects of network public opinion on the government crisis management from the network features of the new situation is made.

  11. Forensic Science and the Internet - Current Utilization and Future Potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamakura, R P

    1997-12-01

    The Internet has become a very powerful and inexpensive tool for the free distribution of knowledge and information. It is a learning and research tool, a virtual library without borders and membership requirements, a help desk, and a publication house providing newspapers with current information and journals with instant publication. Very soon, when live audio and video transmission is perfected, the Internet (popularly referred to as the Net) also will be a live classroom and everyday conference site. This article provides a brief overview of the basic structure and essential components of the Internet. A limited number of home pages/Web sites that are already made available on the Net by scientists, laboratories, and colleges in the forensic science community are presented in table forms. Home pages/Web sites containing useful information pertinent to different disciplines of forensic science are also categorized in various tables. The ease and benefits of the Internet use are exemplified by the author's personal experience. Currently, only a few forensic scientists and institutions have made their presence felt. More participation and active contribution and the creation of on-line searchable databases in all specialties of forensic science are urgently needed. Leading forensic journals should take the lead and create on-line searchable indexes with abstracts. Creating Internet repositories of unpublished papers is an idea worth looking into. Leading forensic science institutions should also develop use of the Net to provide training and retraining opportunities for forensic scientists.

  12. The take-up importance of ICT enabled services in crisis time, an evaluation of e-banking, internet conferencing and e-public services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patriche, D.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The world is facing a global financial and economic crisis, the deepest and the widest spread since the Great Depression of 1930. Individuals, companies and governments alike are forced to take active measures to counteract the severe consequences of the crisis, if they want to emerge stronger from this difficult period. There are strong beliefs among policy makers around the world, European Union included, that the Information and Communication Technologies are a very important pillar in the recovery from the crisis. This paper aims at evaluating the e-banking services, internet enabled conferencing solutions and electronic public services as categories of ICT enabled services that represent powerful and practical solutions, especially in time of crisis, with significant advantages at individual, company and government level.

  13. The network on the other side of the net: a multietnographic study on the public spaces with paid access to the Internet in Novo Hamburgo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Miranda

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the interaction and new social habits in public spaces with paid access to the Internet downtown in Novo Hamburgo. For this, raises the multiethnograpy, a method that combines ethnography, photoethnography, and net(with wi-fi, cybercafés, and lan houses are observed, reported and discussed some of the characteristics of those places, which can be viewed as aggregations to cyberspace. Concrete examples are shown from photographs on the places, and urban notes describing the reality of online and off line spaces that serve as the link between physicaland virtual. They are places where contemporary sociability happen, emerging from new forms of socialization, new lifestyles and new forms of social organization.

  14. Internet marketing

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In the bachelor thesis are introduced theoretical concepts of the Internet and marketing, accented the need of marketing mix along with its specifics of the internet environment. Next is interpreted which tools can be used for marketing of firms and which marketing instruments are to be deployed. Final chapter illustrates socio-demographics of Czech internet users along with media market allocation from the perspective of all media as well as in the segment of the Internet.

  15. Wireless Internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    el Zarki, M.; Heijenk, Geert; Lee, Kenneth S.; Bidgoli, H.

    This chapter addresses the topic of wireless Internet, the extension of the wireline Internet architecture to the wireless domain. As such the chapter introduces the reader to the dominant characteristics of the Internet, from its structure to the protocols that control the forwarding of data and

  16. Internet Accounting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pras, Aiko; Beijnum, van Bert-Jan; Sprenkels, Ron; Párhonyi, Robert

    2001-01-01

    This article provides an introduction to Internet accounting and discusses the status of related work within the IETF and IRTF, as well as certain research projects. Internet accounting is different from accounting in POTS. To understand Internet accounting, it is important to answer questions like

  17. Searching the Internet for evidence of time travelers

    CERN Document Server

    Nemiroff, Robert J

    2013-01-01

    Time travel has captured the public imagination for much of the past century, but little has been done to actually search for time travelers. Here, three implementations of Internet searches for time travelers are described, all seeking a prescient mention of information not previously available. The first search covered prescient content placed on the Internet, highlighted by a comprehensive search for specific terms in tweets on Twitter. The second search examined prescient inquiries submitted to a search engine, highlighted by a comprehensive search for specific search terms submitted to a popular astronomy web site. The third search involved a request for a direct Internet communication, either by email or tweet, pre-dating to the time of the inquiry. Given practical verifiability concerns, only time travelers from the future were investigated. No time travelers were discovered. Although these negative results do not disprove time travel, given the great reach of the Internet, this search is perhaps the m...

  18. Public access to the Internet and social change: an experience in El Carmen de Bolivar, between silence and hope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Barón Porras

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a case study of public access venues to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT in the small municipality of Carmen de Bolívar, a town in Northern Colombia. The case study assesses the contribution of public access to ICT to community development, in a region that has not only a long strong tradition of community organization for social development, but also a long history of violence that has weakened its social fabric

  19. LLRW disposal site selection process. Southeast Compact -- State of North Carolina: A combined technical and public information approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Snider, F.G.; Amick, D.C.; Khoury, S.G. [Ebasco Services Incorporated, Greensboro, NC (United States); Stowe, C.H.; Guichard, P. [NC Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority, Raleigh, NC (United States)

    1989-11-01

    The State of North Carolina has been designated to host the second commercial low level radioactive waste disposal facility for the Southeast Compact. The North Carolina facility is to be operational on January 1, 1993, concurrent with the closing of the present facility in Barnwell, South Carolina. The NC Low Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority and its contractor, Ebasco Services Incorporated, initiated the site selection process in July of 1988. The present schedule calls for the identification of two or more sites for detailed characterization in the latter half of 1989. The site selection process is following two concurrent and parallel paths. The first is the technical site screening process, which is focusing the search for a suitable site by the systematic application of state and federal laws and regulations regarding exclusion and suitability factors. In a parallel effort, the NCLL Radioactive Waste Management Authority has embarked on an extensive public information program. In addition to newsletters, fact sheets, brochures, video tapes, and news releases, a total of six regional meetings and 26 public forums have been held across the state. A total of 4,764 people attended the forums, 1,241 questions were asked, and 243 public statements were made. The combination of a systematic, defensible technical siting process and the concurrent release of information and numerous statewide public meetings and forums is proving to be an effective strategy for the eventual identification of sites that are both technically suitable and publicly acceptable.

  20. Qualified public involvement in the decision making process of siting a waste repository

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Danielle Monegalha [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao-Geral de Recursos Humanos], e-mail: drodrigues@cnen.gov.br; Almeida, Ivan Pedro Salati de [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao-Geral de Assuntos Internacionais], e-mail: ivsalati@cnen.gov.br

    2009-07-01

    The main objective of this paper is to identify the most important characteristics required for the qualification of local communities for participating in the process of defining a specific site for a radioactive waste repository. It also compares the strategies used by Hungary, United Kingdom and Belgium to stimulate the public participation in the decision-making process of building and operating a radioactive waste repository, considering both the stepwise process and the spontaneous candidacy. Two main aspects are discussed as prerequisites to constitute a qualified public. The first aspect is how well the person or entity can be considered an effective representative of the community affected by the repository. This means the conditions the representative has to speak on behalf of the community and participate in the decision making process as its voice. The second characteristic is the level and quality of the information that the community and its representatives must have to participate actively in the decision-making process and what can be done to improve this status. Referring to the strategy to public involvement, this paper discusses the importance of transparency in the process, aiming the credibility of the entrepreneur as the first pace to gaining the confidence of the public affected by the project. Implementing an open dialog and listening to the needs and claims of the population are the first steps to being accepted as a true partner of the community. Preliminary discussions and explanations are important to introduce the subject and to reduce beliefs of false threats in the affected community. The constitution of a local committee is suggested, to act as a legal and formal channel to facilitate the partnership between local community, neighbors and the entrepreneur in order to achieve a positive result in the whole process. (author)

  1. 75 FR 20364 - Public Buildings Service; Key Largo Beacon Annex Site; Key Largo, FL; Transfer of Property

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Public Buildings Service; Key Largo Beacon Annex Site; Key Largo, FL; Transfer of Property..., identified as Key Largo Beacon Annex Site, Key Largo, FL to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department...

  2. Sécurité des équipements grand public connectés à Internet : évaluation des liens de communication

    OpenAIRE

    Bachy, Yann

    2015-01-01

    Today, equipment embedding software and an Internet connection are more and more numerous and various. With the emergence of “the internet of things” and the trend to interconnect everything, many equipment used in our every day life are now connected to the internet: Smart-Tvs, DVD players, alarm and home automation systems, and even health assistance home devices, for example. Unfortunately, these technological evolutions also introduce new security threats. The massive use of internet faci...

  3. Internet and Surveillance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The Internet has been transformed in the past years from a system primarily oriented on information provision into a medium for communication and community-building. The notion of “Web 2.0”, social software, and social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace have emerged in this co......The Internet has been transformed in the past years from a system primarily oriented on information provision into a medium for communication and community-building. The notion of “Web 2.0”, social software, and social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace have emerged...... in the age of the internet; civil watch-surveillance on social networking sites; and networked interactive surveillance in transnational space. This book is a result of a research action launched by the intergovernmental network COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology)....

  4. Public Library Internet Services and the Digital Divide: The Role and Impacts from Selected External Funding Sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Charles R.; Ryan, Joe; Bertot, John Carlo

    This study examines the role of external funding in the development of public library network resources and services, their identification, and their benefit and impact, particularly as they affect the digital divide. The study was conducted between February 2001 and January 2002, employing a range of data collection techniques, including site…

  5. Besides from what you see: analysis of social representation assigned to the medical professional through web sites available on the Internet.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Alexandre Gonçalves do Nascimento GOMES

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Images can convey strong associations with symbols. This type of interpretation applies to distinct areas, including Health. In the images which portray the medical professional, this is not different. However, there has been much questioned what symbol is related to this profession association. Currently, with the increased range of Internet search websites and its high number of access, a few images and symbols which connote or denote medical sites can be seized from a simple search. In this perspective, this study aims to analyze the social representation assigned to the medical professional through search websites as well as the symbols that are associated with this profession. This is an exploratory-descriptive study of qualitative and quantitative approach in which images were researcherd in five search sites available on different web, namely: www.google.com, www.ask.com, www.bing.com, www.yahoo.com and www.uol.com. For this, descriptors such as “médico”, “médica” and “profissionalmédico” were used. All posted images were collected in a period of 30 continuous days. Then, images were grouped into categories. It is worth mentioning, the images that only portray the everyday and images that portray show cartoons and famous or historical personalities were excluded. The images in different internet search websites were classified into diverse categories, among them lovingness, religion, leadership, teamwork, distance between doctor and patient, the profession, controversial, personal protective equipment, stethoscope, symbol, hospital equipment, records health and others. The categories that presented more frequently were: the profession, teamwork, stethoscope and health record. From this, we might infer that the doctor is a figure often linked to work, mainly because it routinely represented by instruments of his profession. When not represented by these instruments, the doctor is very portrayed and remembered by the exercise

  6. Internet and child pornography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seda Çağlar

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, internet use and access is becoming increasingly common as a great entertainment, communication and educational resource for children as well as for adults. Internet is a perfect environment for children, for exploring the world, learning and having fun. However, access to illegal sites that contain violence and sexuality, and contact dangerous people are among the particular risks for children using the internet. It is a known fact that, internet and developing technology make the production and distribution of child pornography cheaper and easier. There has been consensus on the need of creating a plan and increasing the awareness in the community for the fight against child pornography. Because of the increasing internet use and the risk for children mentioned, nurses got new responsibilities. Nurses have to inform society, especially families and children, about safe internet use. In this review, legal regulations about the fight against child pornography on the internet, the reasons that lay the ground for child pornography and their negative effects on children has been addressed.

  7. 论因特网与公安网条件下公安院校教育信息资源共享%Discussion on Internet and Education Information Resources Sharing in Public Security Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋波

    2014-01-01

    Realizing the public security education information resources sharing is a formidable task .On how public security education uses the advanced Internet and public security network to realize public security education information resource sharing issues ,this paper has made preliminary discus-sions .%实现公安教育信息资源共享是一项艰巨的任务。文章就公安教育如何利用发达的互联网和公安网,实现公安教育信息资源共享问题,进行了初步探讨。

  8. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart B of... - Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing and/or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and/or Site Acquisition for Housing and/or Public Facilities and/or Services B Exhibit B to Subpart B... Impacted Area Development Assistance Program Pt. 1948, Subpt. B, Exh. B Exhibit B to Subpart B of Part 1948... purposes when the Grantee determines that the property is no longer for the original purposes. b. When...

  9. Sites of institutional racism in public health policy making in New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Came, Heather

    2014-04-01

    Although New Zealanders have historically prided ourselves on being a country where everyone has a 'fair go', the systemic and longstanding existence of health inequities between Māori and non-Māori suggests something isn't working. This paper informed by critical race theory, asks the reader to consider the counter narrative viewpoints of Māori health leaders; that suggest institutional racism has permeated public health policy making in New Zealand and is a contributor to health inequities alongside colonisation and uneven access to the determinants of health. Using a mixed methods approach and critical anti-racism scholarship this paper identifies five specific sites of institutional racism. These sites are: majoritarian decision making, the misuse of evidence, deficiencies in both cultural competencies and consultation processes and the impact of Crown filters. These findings suggest the failure of quality assurance systems, existing anti-racism initiatives and health sector leadership to detect and eliminate racism. The author calls for institutional racism to be urgently addressed within New Zealand and this paper serves as a reminder to policy makers operating within other colonial contexts to be vigilant for such racism.

  10. 网络舆论监督的刑法适用抑制问题%On criminal penalty restriction in internet public opinion supervising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈堂发

    2011-01-01

    基于政治民主、权利本位的本质要求,涉及舆论监督性质的网络言论表达面对公权机构或权力行使者刑事指控时,从适度倾斜保护公民表达权考虑,应严格刑事侵犯行为所致后果的认证与证明程序,强化相对人举证指控内容的法定责任,完善刑事诉讼程序,优化刑事制裁体系,明细刑事实体法条款,多途径遏制公权机构滥用刑事处罚,最大限度收缩刑事制裁范围,力戒权力造罪。%In the law suits involving public opinion supervision-related Internet speech accused by public power institutions or law enforcement agencies,for the sake of political democracy,standard of right and moderately favoring citizens' right of speech,it is su

  11. Public Sphere” on Chinese Internet Has not Formed%我国互联网上的“公共领域”尚未形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡春铮

    2014-01-01

    Currently, network media have become the second opinion field in China, especially, with the rapid development of blog and micro-blog, the people in China seem to stay in a unrestricted or rare-restricted space, therefore, the Public Sphere The-ory of Jurgen Habermas, a representative of German Frankfurt School, becomes a hot topic being studied by domestic academic circle since his era. This paper discusses the rational construction of public sphere at internet era based on Chinese reality.%当下,网络媒体在我国已成为第二个舆论场域,特别是随着博客与微博客的迅猛发展,使人们似乎感受到了一个不受限制或很少受限制的空间。于是,德国法兰克福学派代表人物于尔根·哈贝马斯关于“公共领域”的学说成为一个时期以来国内学术界研究的热门课题。本文结合中国目前的实际,探讨互联网时代的公共领域的理性建设问题。

  12. The research of internet public opinion hot spot mining%网络舆情热点挖掘算法研究与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄敏

    2012-01-01

    随着网络信息交互及传播的迅速与便捷,有效地对不断涌现的海量互联网信息进行采集并发现网络热点舆情具有十分重要的意义.研究网络舆情的表示及特征,提出采用网络化方法思想,结合Hits算法和PageRank算法进行舆情热点挖掘,并在此基础上设计了网络舆情热点挖掘系统.%With the speedy interaction and spread of the network information, it has great significance to collect emerging massive internet information and discover hot spots of network public opinion. This paper studied the characteristics of network public opinion and designed hot spot mining system on the basis of combination of Hits and PageRank algorithms.

  13. Communication inequalities and public health implications of adult social networking site use in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontos, Emily Z; Emmons, Karen M; Puleo, Elaine; Viswanath, K

    2010-01-01

    Social media, and specifically social networking sites (SNSs), are emerging as an important platform for communication and health information exchange. Yet, despite the increase in popularity and use, only a limited number of empirical studies document which segments of the adult population are and are not using social networking sites and with what, if any, affect on health. The purpose of this study is to identify potential communication inequalities in social networking site use among a representative sample of U.S. adults and to examine the association between SNS use and psychological well-being. We analyzed data from the National Cancer Institute's 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Thirty-five percent of online adults reported SNS use within the past 12 months, and there were no significant differences in SNS use by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic position. Younger age (p = .00) was the most significant predictor of SNS use, while being married (p = .02) and having a history of cancer (p = .02) were associated with a decreased odds of SNS use. SNS use was significantly associated with a 0.80 (p = .00) increment in psychological distress score after controlling for other factors. The absence of inequalities in adult SNS use across race/ethnicity and class offers some support for the continued use of social media to promote public health efforts; however, issues such as the persisting digital divide and potential deleterious effects of SNS use on psychological well-being need to be addressed.

  14. Research on Collaboration of Professionals and Technologies of Analysis Monitoring Facing Internet Public Opinion%网络舆情分析监测人员与技术的协同研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚伟; 刘丽敏; 张亮; 张俊

    2014-01-01

    随着对网络舆情的日益关注,对于分析监测技术的真实价值及分析监测技术在何种程度上满足分析监测人员需求却知之甚少。概述了分析监测技术的现状,分析了舆情分析监测人员与分析监测技术的关联及其关键点,阐述了舆情分析监测人员与分析监测技术协同的理论依据,构建了舆情分析监测人员与技术的协同理论模型,以便研究舆情分析监测人员及技术的协同价值。%Though the Internet public opinion is drawing more and more attention, little is known about the real value of the Internet pub-lic opinion technology and the extent to which the Internet public opinion technologies meet the demand of professionals of analysis monito-ring. This paper summarizes the current situation of analysis monitoring technologies of Internet public opinion, analyzes the association and the association’ key points of professionals and technologies, expounds the theoretical reasons of the collaboration of professionals and technologies of Internet public opinion, and builds a collaboration theory model, in order to research the value of collaboration of profes-sionals and technologies about analysis monitoring.

  15. 基于EMD的网络舆情演化分析与建模方法%Evolution Analysis and Modeling Method of Internet Public Opinions Based on EMD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周耀明; 王波; 张慧成

    2012-01-01

    The existing methods ignore multicomponent characteristics of evolution process of Internet public opinions, which leads to an unsatisfactory performance of analysis and modeling. To deal with the problem, this paper presents an evolution analysis and modeling method of Internet public opinions based on Empirical Mode Decomposition(EMD). It decomposes the evolution process of Internet public opinions by EMD, to form trend component, period component, mutation component and random component. Then it analyzes and models the evolution process of Internet public op.nions by analyzing and modeling the above-mentioned components. Experiments show that the components decomposed by EMD have clear physical meanings, which can help to analyze the evolution patterns of Internet public opinions; at the same time, the method has good forecasting performance, thus is more suitable.%现有研究忽略网络舆情演化过程的多成分特性,导致演化分析与建模效果较差.为此,提出一种基于经验模态分解(EMD)的网络舆情演化分析与建模方法.对演化过程进行EMD分解,形成演化过程的趋势成分、周期成分、突发成分和随机成分,通过对各成分进行分析与建模,实现网络舆情的演化分析与建模.实验结果表明,该方法通过EMD分解得到的各成分物理含义明显,有助于分析网络舆情的演化规律,同时具有较好的趋势预测效果,适合进行演化建模.

  16. Research of public security platform software architecture based on internet of things%物联网公共安全平台软件体系架构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶; 全春来; 周翔

    2011-01-01

    针对现有公共安全管理平台的弊端,通过对物联网技术特征的分析,提出了将物联网技术应用于公共安全应急管理即建设物联网公共安全平台的思路.结合物联网体系结构,建立了物联网公共安全平台层次模型.该模型中,每层利用紧邻的下层服务,各层之间定义标准接口,方便了平台的模块化设计.基于物联网公共安全平台层次模型及对公共安全管理重点业务的分析,设计了物联网公共安全平台软件体系架构.%To overcome the disadvantages of the existing public security management system, by analyzing the technical features of the internet of things, a solution applying the internet of things into public security emergency management which means actually establishing a public security management platform based on the internet of things is presented. Referring to the structure of the internet of things, the platform multi-layer reference model is constructed. In this model, each layer utilizes services provided by its next down-layer and standard interfaces between layers, which has made the task of the platform modularization design easier. According to the multi-layer reference model and the key business about public security management, a public security platform software architecture based on the internet of things is designed.

  17. Internet access to ionosondes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galkin, I. A.; Kitrosser, D. F.; Kecic, Z.; Reinisch, B. W.

    1999-01-01

    Connecting ionosondes to the Internet gives easy access to real-time information on ionospheric conditions. Some of the ionosonde sites provide just the ionogram displays, others give in addition the scaled ionospheric characteristics directly usable for frequency management and HF channel assessment. Some sounders also store days or months of station data, which makes it possible remotely to evaluate the time history of geophysical events. The Internet link is also a convenient means for remote system maintenance and control. The paper addresses various aspects of the Internet ionosonde scenario, including data base support, WWW publishing, user interface, security, and data format. A list of Internet accessible ionosonde stations is provided with a brief description.

  18. Internet-Based Self-Help Program for the Treatment of Fear of Public Speaking: A Case Study.

    OpenAIRE

    Botella Arbona, Cristina; Gallego Pitarch, Maria José

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the development of the first totally self-administered online CBT program for the treatment of a specific social phobia (fear of public speaking) called talk to me. The online program includes three parts. The assessment protocol gives the patient information about the problem, including impairment, severity, and the degree of fear and avoidance regarding the main feared situations. The structured treatment protocol ensures that the patient does not skip any...

  19. Transfer and Transition: Interagency Coordination for Managing Public Lands at UMTRCA Title II Sites in Wyoming – 16614

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shafer, David S. [U.S. Dpartment of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Vanek, Tim [U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Ribeiro, Tracy [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Bahrke, Cheri [Navarro Research and Engineering

    2016-03-06

    By the end of fiscal year 2025, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) is anticipating adding 17 sites remediated under Title II of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) to the current inventory of 90 sites that it manages. Among the new sites are ones where federal public lands occur within the proposed long-term care boundary, the boundary determined by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and LM as necessary to maintain site protectiveness for the entombed uranium mill tailings and residual groundwater contamination. For these sites, public land withdrawals for land and minerals will need to be established. LM’s primary mission at UMTRCA sites is to protect the public and the environment from exposure to contamination at the sites. For the sites with public lands or federally controlled minerals that will be transferring to LM, the Office will apply to the Department of the Interior (DOI) Bureau of Land Management (BLM) for new, public land and mineral withdrawals. At most current LM UMTRCA sites that involved public lands and minerals, DOI granted DOE “full administrative jurisdiction” and permanent withdrawals. Hence, these withdrawals are, permanently, no longer subject to public land, mining, and mineral-leasing laws and regulations. LM is coordinating with DOI/BLM in Wyoming to permanently withdraw full and partial jurisdiction at future UMTRCA Title II sites in that state. This approach would allow LM to fully administer surface lands and minerals, where necessary, and DOI and LM to administer surface lands and leasable minerals where it would not jeopardize sites’ radiological safety and long-term public and environmental protection. This “shared-jurisdiction approach” will meet LM’s strategic goal of protecting human health and the environment but also allow BLM to fulfill their mission to “manage and conserve the lands under the mandate of multiple-use and sustained yield.” In addition, LM

  20. 网络舆情历史拟合研究与实现%Research and Realization on Internet Public Opinion History Matching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜磊; 杨济运; 陈芳; 刘建勋; 谢承旺

    2014-01-01

    人们在网络上发表的对现实生活中事件的观点,并彼此影响,特别是对突发事件的表达将引领社会思潮。因此对网络舆情的跟踪、监测以及引导具有重要的现实意义。越来越受到业界与政府部门的关注。而网络舆情发展演化的预测尤为重要。目前在突发事件预测前缺乏有效手段来判断拟采用的舆情演化模型的有效性,且其参数主要依靠经验设定。因此,借鉴石油开发中油藏数值模拟技术,将历史拟合引入到舆情分析中。通过对所监控社区的历史事件进行拟合,来确定所使用的网络舆情演化模型的有效性,并获取符合真实情况的模型参数。同时,提出了基于粒子群的舆情历史拟合算法。实验表明,该算法能够获得较好的结果。%In recent years, people and government have paid more and more attention on public opinion research. Internet-users could freely comment on or express their opinion about the real-life events online, as influences each other and reflects the social thought. There-fore, the discovery, monitoring and guidance of public opinion have practical significance to the social life. In this case, it is particularly important to grasp the evolution trend of public opinion. However, due to the fact that parameters of the current public opinion evolution model mainly depend on empirical setting, it is a meaningful thing to find a method which gains parameters that can reflect the reality of monitored area. The paper introduces the history matching into the evolution of public opinion analysis, then, obtains the corresponding parameters by it, and presents a history matching algorithm based on the particle swarm algorithm. Experiment result shows that the algo-rithm can effectively get the model parameters of public opinion, and achieve good evolution results.

  1. Historical development of radiation dose calculations for the public in the vicinity of nuclear sites in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pettengill, H.L. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Soldat, J.K.; Swinth, K.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-06-01

    Most Manhattan District (MD) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) sites began environmental monitoring programs in the earliest years of their operation. The results were used to establish trends and to monitor for effluent releases that might be otherwise undetected. Very few data concerning radiation doses to the public in the vicinity of the sites were generated prior to 1960. Authoritative guidelines for controlling doses to the public were issued by national and international bodies beginning in the 1950s. In 1957, the Hanford Site began calculating and reporting maximum potential radiation doses to the public from several environmental pathways of exposure. Shortly thereafter, most AEC sites began programs aimed at either determining public doses, or ensuring that the doses were below the regulatory limits. Calculations of radiation doses to Maximally Exposed Individuals (MEI) at the Hanford Site have been recently completed by the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) project. Collective doses for the public at Hanford were generated for this paper by utilizing the data developed by HEDR and approximate demographic data.

  2. 产品质量安全网络舆情下的企业网络声誉研究%A Research on Enterprise Online Reputation under Internet Public Opinion of Product Quality and Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆民; 吴春梅; 刘小峰

    2014-01-01

    Product quality and safety issues become important contents to measure enterprise reputation, especially the im-pact of product quality public opinion on enterprise online reputation has become increasingly obvious under the social me-dia. From the perspective of the evolution of internet public opinion, the paper analyzes the impact of product quality public opinion on enterprise internet reputation, builds the relations between the consumer perception of product quality public opinion and enterprise internet reputation. Based on the correlation between product quality public opinion and enterprise in-ternet reputation, taking Tianya Community Forum as an example, the value of enterprise internet reputation is calculated by using the product quality public opinion. The results show that enterprise online reputation has a time attenuation character-istics of the public opinion, posts influence distribution, and an orgasm features of the public opinion evolution are more rea-sonable than only depending on the number of posts. The model provides an effective way to improve enterprise internet rep-utation.%产品质量安全问题成为顾客衡量企业声誉的重要内容,尤其在社会化媒体下,产品质量舆情对企业网络声誉的影响作用日趋明显。文章从网络舆情演化视角出发,分析了产品质量舆情对企业网络声誉的影响,建立了顾客感知的产品质量舆情与企业网络声誉的关系,基于两者间的相关性,以天涯论坛为例运用产品质量舆情量化了企业网络声誉值。结果显示,运用产品质量舆情的时间衰减特性、帖文内容影响分布、舆情演化高潮期等特性比仅仅依靠帖文数量测度企业网络声誉更具有合理性,为企业提升企业网络声誉提供了一种有效途径。

  3. Quel pouvoir des sites Internet d’information concernant l’EZLN sur la sphère politique mexicaine et l’opinion publique internationale ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Blasco

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude tente d’analyser l’influence des sites Internet d’information relatifs à l’EZLN sur la sphère politique mexicaine et l’opinion publique internationale. Le déploiement de sources informatives concernant le mouvement néozapatiste, ainsi que la personnalité de son représentant charismatique, le sous-commandant Marcos, ne sont sans doute pas étrangers au succès médiatique national et international qu’a connu en 2001 la « Marche pour la Dignité Indigène » ni à la sympathie envers l’EZLN ressentie par tous ceux qui, dans le monde, luttent pour la justice sociale et la diversité culturelle et résistent face à l’ordre néolibéral. Le message formulé par la rébellion chiapanèque est aujourd’hui repris par les contestataires et utopistes du monde entier parce qu’il a été relayé par des médias de « nouvelle génération ». Et par ce même biais, l’audience reçue par le mouvement néozapatiste au niveau strictement national est très certainement à l’origine de la crainte et de la stupeur qui ont frappé la sphère dirigeante mexicaine, ainsi que du chambardement provoqué au sommet de la pyramide politique du pays. C’est en cela que l’on peut parler d’influence réelle, et d’une certaine façon, de pouvoir.Este estudio intenta analizar la influencia de los sitios de información digital vinculados al EZLN sobre la esfera política mexicana y la opinión pública internacional. El despliegue de fuentes de información relativas al movimiento neozapatista así como la personalidad de su representante carismático, el subcomandante Marcos, probablemente no son ajenos al éxito mediático nacional e internacional conseguido por la « Marcha por la Dignidad Indígena » en 2001 o a la simpatía hacia el EZLN experimentada por quienes luchan en el mundo por la justicia social y la diversidad cultural y resisten frente al orden neoliberal. El mensaje formulado por la rebelión chiapaneca ha

  4. AStudy of on the Internet Public Mode for Policing Enforcement%网上公开执法警务模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周欣; 邱子津

    2012-01-01

      目前,互联网的迅速发展给我们提供了一个丰富、便捷的获取信息的途径,同时大量的网络犯罪也随之产生,防范网络犯罪已成为公安机关甚至全社会共同努力的课题。首都公安机关针对网络犯罪特点,在警务创新思路指导下,开创网上公开执法警务模式,通过“首都网警”执法账号进行虚拟社会公开执法,受到了网民群体的广泛关注和认可,实现了执法效果和社会效果的统一。%  Currently, the fast development of the internet has provided us a quick and convenient access to information transmission. At the same time, great deals of cybercrime have occurred. Therefore, to prevent and crack down on cybercrime has become a hot topic in all sides of walks of the society, and the public security departments should take this responsibility as priority. The police department of Beijing has created a public mode for policing enforcement, and has released a public enforcement ID“capital cyber Police”, which is very efficient both in policing enforcement and social security.

  5. [Internet addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkeila, Jyrki

    2012-01-01

    Internet addiction is defined as uncontrolled and harmful use of Internet, which manifests in three forms: gaming, various sexual activities and excessive use of emails, chats or SMS messaging. Several studies have found that abuse of alcohol and other substances, depression and other health problems are associated with Internet addiction. In boys and men depression may be more a consequence of the addiction than a cause for it. ADHD seems to be a significant background factor for developing the condition. Because it is almost impossible to lead a life without Internet and computers nowadays, it is unrealistic to aim towards full abstinence. Treatment has generally followed the guidelines adapted for pathological gambling.

  6. Using Social Media, Online Social Networks, and Internet Search as Platforms for Public Health Interventions: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huesch, Marco D; Galstyan, Aram; Ong, Michael K; Doctor, Jason N

    2016-06-01

    To pilot public health interventions at women potentially interested in maternity care via campaigns on social media (Twitter), social networks (Facebook), and online search engines (Google Search). Primary data from Twitter, Facebook, and Google Search on users of these platforms in Los Angeles between March and July 2014. Observational study measuring the responses of targeted users of Twitter, Facebook, and Google Search exposed to our sponsored messages soliciting them to start an engagement process by clicking through to a study website containing information on maternity care quality information for the Los Angeles market. Campaigns reached a little more than 140,000 consumers each day across the three platforms, with a little more than 400 engagements each day. Facebook and Google search had broader reach, better engagement rates, and lower costs than Twitter. Costs to reach 1,000 targeted users were approximately in the same range as less well-targeted radio and TV advertisements, while initial engagements-a user clicking through an advertisement-cost less than $1 each. Our results suggest that commercially available online advertising platforms in wide use by other industries could play a role in targeted public health interventions. © Health Research and Educational Trust.

  7. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF OKLAHOMA ABANDONED DRILLING AND PRODUCTION SITES AND ASSOCIATED PUBLIC EDUCATION/OUTREACH ACTIVITIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mike Terry

    2002-03-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy has participated with the Oklahoma Energy Resource Board (OERB) since 1995 by providing grant funding for on-going work in both environmental assessment of abandoned oilfield exploration and production sites and associated public education/outreach activities. The OERB, a state agency created in 1993 by the Oklahoma legislature, administers programs funded by an assessment of one tenth of one percent on all oil and natural gas produced and sold in the state of Oklahoma. Approximately one half of the funds are used to assess and remediate abandoned oilfield sites and the other half are being used to educate about the importance of the oil and natural gas industry and OERB's environmental efforts. Financial participation through grant funding by the U.S. D.O.E. has been $200,000 annually which represents approximately 3 percent of OERB's private funding. Most of OERB's revenues come from an assessment of 1/10th of 1% on the sale of crude and natural gas in Oklahoma. The assessment is considered voluntary in that any interest owner may ask for a refund annually of their contributions to the fund. On average, 95% of the assessment dollars have remained with OERB, which shows tremendous support by the industry. This Final Report summarizes the progress of the three year grant. The purpose of this three-year project was to continue the progress of the OERB to accomplish its environmental and educational objectives and transfer information learned to other organizations and producing states in the industry.

  8. The belives on the asphalt. Sacred sites as means of appropriation of the public space in México City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ana Portal

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores how residents of México City appropriate public spaces by transforming local places into sacred sites.  This sacred quality is achieved by installing crucifixes, altars and niches for virgins and saints.  These symbols of folk religion not only adorn public sites, but also offer protection, serve as mnemonic devices and manage spatial liminality -all this in a chaotic city where public spaces are considered to be almost extinct.  These elements -- faces, proper names, common religious symbols- mark “anonymous” urban spaces, generating meaning and memory for inhabitants.  In this fashion, public spaces become a scenario for projecting personal elements of  neighborhood groups.

  9. CUAHSI-HIS: an Internet based system to facilitate public discovery, access, and exploration of different water science data sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrigo, J. S.; Hooper, R. P.; Choi, Y.; Ames, D. P.; Kadlec, J.; Whiteaker, T.

    2011-12-01

    "Water is everywhere." This sentiment underscores the importance of instilling hydrologic and earth science literacy in educators, students, and the general public, but also presents challenges for water scientists and educators. Scientific data about water is collected and distributed by several different sources, from federal agencies to scientific investigators to citizen scientists. As competition for limited water resources increase, increasing access to and understanding of the wealth of information about the nation's and the world's water will be critical. The CUAHSI-HIS system is a web based system for sharing hydrologic data that can help address this need. HydroDesktop is a free, open source application for finding, getting, analyzing and using hydrologic data from the CUAHSI-HIS system. It works with HydroCatalog which indexes the data to find out what data exists and where it is, and then it retrieves the data from HydroServers where it is stored communicating using WaterOneFlow web services. Currently, there are over 65 services registered in HydroCatalog providing central discovery of water data from several federal and state agencies, university projects, and other sources. HydroDesktop provides a simplified GIS that allows users to incorporate spatial data, and simple analysis tools to facilitate graphing and visualization. HydroDesktop is designed to be useful for a number of different groups of users with a wide variety of needs and skill levels including university faculty, graduate and undergraduate students, K-12 students, engineering and scientific consultants, and others. This presentation will highlight some of the features of HydroDesktop and the CUAHSI-HIS system that make it particularly appropriate for use in educational and public outreach settings, and will present examples of educational use. The incorporation of "real data," localization to an area of interest, and problem-based learning are all recognized as effective strategies for

  10. An overview of internet biosurveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartley, D M; Nelson, N P; Arthur, R R; Barboza, P; Collier, N; Lightfoot, N; Linge, J P; van der Goot, E; Mawudeku, A; Madoff, L C; Vaillant, L; Walters, R; Yangarber, R; Mantero, J; Corley, C D; Brownstein, J S

    2013-11-01

    Internet biosurveillance utilizes unstructured data from diverse web-based sources to provide early warning and situational awareness of public health threats. The scope of source coverage ranges from local media in the vernacular to international media in widely read languages. Internet biosurveillance is a timely modality that is available to government and public health officials, healthcare workers, and the public and private sector, serving as a real-time complementary approach to traditional indicator-based public health disease surveillance methods. Internet biosurveillance also supports the broader activity of epidemic intelligence. This overview covers the current state of the field of Internet biosurveillance, and provides a perspective on the future of the field.

  11. An Overview of Internet biosurveillance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartley, David M.; Nelson, Noele P.; Arthur, Ray; Barboza, P.; Collier, Nigel; Lightfoot, Nigel; Linge, J. P.; van der Goot, E.; Mawudeku, A.; Madoff, Lawrence; Vaillant, L.; Walters, Ronald A.; Yangarber, Roman; Mantero, Jas; Corley, Courtney D.; Brownstein, John S.

    2013-06-21

    Internet biosurveillance utilizes unstructured data from diverse Web-based sources to provide early warning and situational awareness of public health threats. The scope of source coverage ranges from local based media in the vernacular to international media in widely read languages. Internet biosurveillance is a timely modality available to government and public health officials, health care workers, and the public and private sector, serving as a real-time complementary approach to traditional indicator-based public health disease surveillance methods. Internet biosurveillance also supports the broader activity of epidemic intelligence. This review covers the current state of the field of Internet biosurveillance and provides a perspective on the future of the field.

  12. Security Issues on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Ilan, Judit

    1996-01-01

    Discusses some basic notions of modern cryptography: public key systems and digital signatures. Describes how theoretical modern cryptography can help solve security problems on the Internet. (Author/JKP)

  13. Internet Protocol Television (IPTV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lokesh Mittal

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available IPTV is one of the mostly used technology of Internet and IP application. IPTV is a service for the delivery of broadcast TV, movies on demand and other interactive multimedia services over a secure, end-to-end operator managed broadband IP data network with desired QoS to the public with a broadband Internet connection. IPTV system may also include Internet services such as Web access and VoIP where it may be called Triple Play and is typically supplied by a broadband operator using the same infrastructure. IPTV is not the Internet Video that simply allows users to watch videos, like movie previews and web-cams, over the Internet in a best effort fashion. IPTV technology offers revenue-generating opportunities for the telecom and cable service providers. For traditional telephone service providers, Triple Play is delivered using a combination of optical fiber and Digital Subscriber Line (DSL technologies to its residential base. IPTV is a system where a digital television service is delivered by using Internet Protocol over a network infrastructure, which may include delivery by a broadband connection. A general definition of IPTV is television content that, instead of being delivered through traditional broadcast and cable formats, is received by the viewer through the technologies used for computer networks. In this paper I am trying to discuss this topic as my knowledge, including what is IPTV, how it works, its advantages and its applications

  14. A Critical Evaluation of Waste Incineration Plants in Wuhan (China Based on Site Selection, Environmental Influence, Public Health and Public Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Hu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of the waste incineration industry in China, top priority has been given to the problem of pollution caused by waste incineration. This study is the first attempt to assess all the waste incineration plants in Wuhan, the only national key city in central China, in terms of environmental impact, site selection, public health and public participation. By using a multi-criterion assessment model for economic, social, public health and environmental effects, this study indicates these incineration plants are established without much consideration of the local residents’ health and environment. A location analysis is also applied and some influences of waste incineration plants are illustrated. This study further introduces a signaling game model to prove that public participation is a necessary condition for improving the environmental impact assessment and increasing total welfare of different interest groups in China. This study finally offers some corresponding recommendations for improving the environmental impact assessments of waste incineration projects.

  15. Conservation and public presentation of the argaric site of Castellón Alto (Galera, Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Ariza, M. Oliva

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The magnificent preservation of the archaeological site of Castellón Alto permitted reconstruction of the urbanism of this settlement and the life of its inhabitants. In addition to the necessary conservation, two interventions have been carried out with the principal objective of facilitating access, visiting, and the understanding of the site by the majority of the public. The first intervention happened in 1989 and the main task was centered on the consolidation, restoration, and delimiting of the archaeological bed. The second one happened in 1997 and was centered in the consolidation and reconstruction of both a hut and two tombs. With the opening of the Archaeological Museum of Galera, the cultural and touristic contribution of Castellón Alto will be complete. It will provide an interpretation of this prehistoric village, as well as the Argaric culture in general and all the other archaeological sites of the area.

    La magnífica conservación del registro arqueológico del Castellón Alto permitía reconstruir el urbanismo del poblado y la vida de estas poblaciones. Se han efectuado dos actuaciones con el objetivo principal de facilitar, además de la necesaria conservación, el acceso, la visita y la comprensión del poblado prehistórico por parte de un público mayoritario. La primera actuación se realizó en 1989 y los trabajos se centraron principalmente en la consolidación, restauración y cerramiento del área del yacimiento. La segunda se realizó en 1997 y se centró en el acondicionamiento y reconstrucción de una cabaña y dos sepulturas. La oferta turística y cultural que ofrece el Castellón Alto se completará con la próxima apertura del Museo Arqueológico de Galera, donde se efectuará una interpretación de este poblado y de la cultura argárica, así como del resto de yacimientos de la zona.

  16. Internet effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valkenburg, P.M.; Peter, J.; Levesque, R.J.R.

    2011-01-01

    Adolescents’ extensive use of Internet communication and the uncertainty about its consequences call for an integrative perspective that helps to understand both the appeal of Internet communication and its risks and opportunities. The aim of this essay is to theorize, and if possible, substantiate

  17. Internet Predictions

    OpenAIRE

    Estrin, Deborah; Chandy, K. Mani; Young, R. Michael; Smarr, Larry; Odlyzko, Andrew; Clark, David; Reding, Viviane; Ishida, Toru; Sharma, Sharad; Cerf, Vinton G.; Hölzle, Urs; Barroso, Luiz André; Mulligan, Geoff; Hooke, Adrian; Elliott, Chip

    2010-01-01

    More than a dozen leading experts give their opinions on where the Internet is headed and where it will be in the next decade in terms of technology, policy, and applications. They cover topics ranging from the Internet of Things to climate change to the digital storage of the future. A summary of the articles is available in the Web extras section.

  18. Internet effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valkenburg, P.M.; Peter, J.; Levesque, R.J.R.

    2011-01-01

    Adolescents’ extensive use of Internet communication and the uncertainty about its consequences call for an integrative perspective that helps to understand both the appeal of Internet communication and its risks and opportunities. The aim of this essay is to theorize, and if possible, substantiate

  19. The Internet as an information source for geriatricians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glowniak, J

    1997-03-01

    Electronic storage of and access to medical data is becoming increasingly common. Advances in computer technology and telecommunications have made it possible to store vast amounts of information in databases and transmit this information rapidly to any place on the globe. At the forefront of this technology is the Internet, a worldwide computer network that links together over 10 million computers in more than 80 countries. The Internet is an unprecedented information resource. There are tens of thousands of computers on the Internet that are freely accessible to the general public. Commercial organisations, academic institutions and government agencies are just some of the entities that can be accessed through the Internet. There are a large number of medical resources at these sites including electronic journals, online databases and search services, teaching materials, and methods for obtaining online continuing medical education credits. The Internet offers a variety of services such as electronic mail, discussion groups and the ability to log on to and run programs on remote computers. The one service, however, that has been responsible for the phenomenal growth of the Internet is the World Wide Web, the primary focus of this article. The World Wide Web allows a user to view documents that contain text, graphics, images, and movie and sound clips. In addition, any of these elements can be linked to other documents or services anywhere on the Internet. This article gives a general overview of the Internet and the medical resources it contains, with an emphasis on material related to geriatrics and aging. The Internet is in a state of continual evolution, and it is likely that dramatic new capabilities will become available in the near future.

  20. Reevaluating NIMBY: Evolving Public Fear and Acceptance in Siting a Nuclear Waste Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins-Smith, Hank C.; Silva, Carol L.; Nowlin, Matthew C.; deLozier, Grant (Dept. of Political Science, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States))

    2010-09-15

    The not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) syndrome has long been the focus of academic and policy research. We test several competing hypothesis concerning the sources of NIMBY sentiments, including demographics, proximity, political ideology and partisanship, and the unfolding policy process over time. To test these hypotheses we use survey data collected in New Mexico dealing with risk perceptions and acceptance related to the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP), a permanent storage site for radioactive waste located near Carlsbad, New Mexico. WIPP became operational and received its first shipment of waste on March 26, 1999. This study tracks the changes of risk perception and acceptance over a decade, using measures taken from 35 statewide surveys of New Mexico citizens spanning the 11-year period from fall 1990 to summer 2001. This time span includes periods before and after WIPP became operational. We find that acceptance of WIPP is greater among those in the most proximate counties to WIPP. Surprisingly, and contrary to expectations drawn from the broader literature, acceptance is also greater among those who live closest to the nuclear waste transportation route. We also find that ideology, partisanship, government approval and broader environmental concerns influence support for WIPP acceptance. Finally, the sequence of procedural steps taken toward formal approval of WIPP by government agencies proved to be important to public acceptance, the most significant being the opening of the WIPP facility itself

  1. The myth of the decentralised internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwin J. Mathew

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In popular culture, and in policy discussions, the internet is often conceived of as a decentralised technology, which cannot be controlled. Drawing from research into internet infrastructure, focusing on the Border Gateway Protocol, I show that the internet has never been, and never can be, decentralised. I argue that the internet is better viewed as being distributed, both in terms of technologies and governance arrangements. The shift in perspective, from decentralised to distributed, is essential to understand the past and present internet, and to imagine possible future internets which preserve and support the public good.

  2. Advanced Internet Protocols, Services, and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Oki, Eiji; Tatipamula, Mallikarjun; Vogt, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Today, the internet and computer networking are essential parts of business, learning, and personal communications and entertainment. Virtually all messages or transactions sent over the internet are carried using internet infrastructure- based on advanced internet protocols. Advanced internet protocols ensure that both public and private networks operate with maximum performance, security, and flexibility. This book is intended to provide a comprehensive technical overview and survey of advanced internet protocols, first providing a solid introduction and going on to discu

  3. Research on the Internet public sentiment of unconventional emergencies and government actions%非常规突发事件网络舆情与政府行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯燕; 秦江涛

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet,public sentiment begins to have greater impact on the unconventional emergencies as an information dissemination platform.In the 21st century,the frequent occurrence of unconventional emergencies poses threat to human life and makes people suffer huge losses of property.It is of great importance that the government should grasp and guide the Internet public sentiment through proper ways.This article ancdyzes the features of the unconventional emergency based on the general definition,studies the elements of how the Internet public sentiment form and develop,and describes the potential impact on the Internet public sentiment of unconventional emergencies.Combined with the current measures that the government takes to face the Internet public sentiment of the unconventional emergencies,we find major problems,and propose some suggestions for the government to handle the Internet public sentiment of unconventional emergencies in the future.%随着互联网的高速发展,作为事件信息传播平台的网络舆情开始对非常规突发事件的发展产生越来越大的影响。进入21世纪,非常规突发事件的频繁发生使人民的生命财产遭受了巨大的损失。政府通过正确的渠道和方式,把握和引导非常规突发事件的网络舆情,对于事件的处理显得尤为重要。根据非常规突发事件的一般定义分析其特征,详细研究网络舆情的形成机理及影响其演化的要素,描述非常规突发事件网络舆情产生的潜在影响,结合政府现阶段处理非常规突发事件网络舆情的方法,找出其中存在的主要问题,并提出几点建议为政府日后处理非常规突发事件的网络舆情提供参考。

  4. An Introduction to the Mode of Public Opinion in Internet Times%网络民意表达模式辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓喆

    2014-01-01

    In the internet society , the background and the expressing way of public opinion is different from that of traditional society .According to the political culture theory of G .A.Almond, the knowledge , e-valuation and feeling in opinion can be summed up and transformed into different model , such as cooperation and noncooperation , which is important for today ’ s China .%网络社会区别于传统社会,源于互联网的使用,即其交往凸显虚拟性。从阿尔蒙德的政治文化理论来分析,民意表达中主要有认知、评价和感情因素,这些要素进行不同赋值和组合,形成不同的网络民意表达模式,比如合作性和非合作性民意表达。这些探讨对当代中国网络民意表达具有积极的政策意义。

  5. China on the Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The big news on the Web in 2009 No more mobile porn The problem of cellphone pornography has been on the rise with more and more mobile phones that are equipped to surf the Internet coming into the market. Online sites accessible only through mobile phones are becoming a popular new method for distributing porn,

  6. Use of media and public-domain Internet sources for detection and assessment of plant health threats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David M. Hartley

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Event-based biosurveillance is a recognized approach to early warning and situational awareness of emerging health threats. In this study, we build upon previous human and animal health work to develop a new approach to plant pest and pathogen surveillance. We show that monitoring public domain electronic media for indications and warning of epidemics and associated social disruption can provide information about the emergence and progression of plant pest infestation or disease outbreak. The approach is illustrated using a case study, which describes a plant pest and pathogen epidemic in China and Vietnam from February 2006 to December 2007, and the role of ducks in contributing to zoonotic virus spread in birds and humans. This approach could be used as a complementary method to traditional plant pest and pathogen surveillance to aid global and national plant protection officials and political leaders in early detection and timely response to significant biological threats to plant health, economic vitality, and social stability. This study documents the inter-relatedness of health in human, animal, and plant populations and emphasizes the importance of plant health surveillance.

  7. Responsibility Allocation in the Storm of Public Voice on the Internet%互联网舆论风暴中的责任分配

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晨

    2016-01-01

    当今时代,互联网有了长足的发展,社交软件参与下的网络空间成为重要的舆论场。网络空间中的言论行为往往是引发、促进“舆论风暴”形成和造成破坏性结果的重要因素;同时言论行为又是言论自由这个宏观话题的核心。如何加强国家干预,减轻“舆论风暴”对网络空间秩序造成的破坏,同时又不侵害公民的言论自由,是一个巨大的挑战。对“舆论风暴”进行“外科手术式”解剖,根据“舆论风暴”所处的不同阶段,确定不同的责任主体,进而合理地分配责任,是平衡言论自由和社会秩序两大价值的重要手段。%The Internet has sufficiently developed nowadays. The cyber space with the participation of sociality software has become an important public opinion field. The conduct of speech in this field is often the important element which leads to the formation of“the storm of public voice” . The conduct is also the reason of the destroyable result of the storm. At the same time, the conduct of speech is the core of the macroscopical topic of freedom of speech. It is a great challenge to strengthen the intervene from the nation, decrease the destruction on the cyber space by the storm of public voice and avoid violating the people’s freedom of speech. It is necessary to identify different subjects of responsibilities and reasonably assign the responsibilities to specific and individual speech conducts by“surgical dissection” according to different stages of the“Storm of Public Voice” . It is also material method to balance the value of the freedom of speech and the order of society.

  8. Insight from Public Surveys Related to Siting of Nuclear Waste Facilities: An Overview of Findings from a 2015 Nationwide Survey of US Residents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins-Smith, Hank C. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Gupta, Kuhika [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Silva, Carol L. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Bonano, Evaristo J. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rechard, Robert P. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-09-01

    The results described in this report are an analysis of nationwide surveys, administered between 2006 and 2015, which measure preferences of US residents concerning the environment and energy sources. The Energy & Environment (EE) survey series is conducted annually by the Center for Energy, Security & Society (CES&S), a joint research collaboration of the University of Oklahoma and Sandia National Laboratories. The annual EE survey series is designed to track evolving public views on nuclear materials management in the US. The 2015 wave of the Energy and Environment survey (EE15) was implemented using a web-based questionnaire, and was completed by 2,021 respondents using an Internet sample that matches the characteristics of the adult US population as estimated in the US Census. A special focus of the EE15 survey is how survey respondents understand and evaluate “consent” in the context of the storage and transportation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF). This report presents an overview of key results from analyses of questions related to consent-based siting and other elements of the nuclear energy fuel cycle.

  9. Using the Internet and Children's Literature To Support Interdisciplinary Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karchmer, Rachel A.

    2000-01-01

    Describes several types of resources on the Internet for children's literature that may be used to support interdisciplinary instruction: central sites, teacher-created children's literature projects, author web sites, Internet-posted lesson plans, and electronic mailing lists. (SR)

  10. Research on the Evolution of Internet Public Opinion for "NIMBY" Conflict Event%“邻避”冲突事件网络舆情演化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟慧玲; 李伟; 张冠湘

    2016-01-01

    Purpose/Significance]"NIMBY" conflict event can easily form Internet Public Opinion in the network due to potential nega-tive external effects, consequently, research on Internet Public Opinion of"NIMBY" conflict event is of great significance to maintain so-cial public security. [ Method/process] Based on the method of system dynamics, a model on the evolution of Internet Public Opinion of media, government, netizen, event and local public for"NIMBY" conflict event is proposed, and the authors will verify the effectiveness and analyze the sensitivity by using Vensim PLE software. [ Result/Conclusion] Taking the Maoming PX event as an example to simu-late, the simulation result showed that the model is effective. The effect of the degree of explosive event, government credibility, informa-tion transparency and environmental risk perception on internet public opinion and local public were analyzed and then suggestions for con-trolling the diffusion of internet public opinion and resolving the conflict event were put forward.%[目的/意义]“邻避”冲突事件因其潜在负外部效应,容易在网络形成网络舆情,因此研究“邻避”冲突事件网络舆情演化机制,对维护社会公共安全具有重要意义。[方法/过程]本文采用系统动力学方法,从媒体、政府、网民、事件和当地公众舆情主体构建“邻避”冲突事件网络舆情演化模型,并通过Vensim PLE软件验证模型的有效性和分析灵敏度。[结果/结论]以茂名PX为案例进行仿真,结果验证了模型的有效性。通过分析事件易爆程度、政府公信力、信息透明度和环境风险感知对网络舆情热度和当地公众的影响,为控制网络舆情扩散和化解冲突事件提供了建议。

  11. Study on Internet Public Opinion of Colleges and Universities' Emergency Response in New Media Time%新媒体时代高校突发事件网络舆情应对研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李树鑫

    2015-01-01

    With the development of New media time, Internet public opinion of colleges and universities' emergency have present characteristics ofrapid forming, complex contents, multiple transmission and difficult supervision, which called of new requirements and challenges of traditional mode of reply to university public opinion. Therefore, colleges and universities should explore new effective Internet public opinion emergency responses according to the characteristics of the transmission of Internet public opinion in New media time.%新媒体时代的发展,使得高校突发事件网络舆情出现了"形成快、内容杂、传播广、监督难"等特点,导致传统的高校舆情应对模式面临了新的要求和挑战.高校应根据新媒体时代舆情传播特点,探索有效的突发事件网络舆情应对措施.

  12. New Ways of Developing Public Institutions Web Sites in Context of Using Social Plugins and Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosmin Catalin Olteanu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the paper is to illustrate how we can improve a public institution web site by using social plugins and mobile devices optimization. The general idea is to increase the number of visitors by viral message and users to access a special template web site from their devices. I will present in this paper how you can increase the visitors in your sites by using Facebook and provide mobile layouts to users. Google analytics is one tool to show what common devices are used.

  13. Predictive Modeling & Simulation for Propagation of Internet Public Opinion%因特网上舆情传播的预测建模和仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方薇; 何留进; 宋良图

    2012-01-01

    The Internet Public Opinion(IPO) usually expresses the voice of masses,although it hdue to the common attribute of the society opinion,but due to the large scope of influence and fast propagation on Internet,it has been attracted much attention to its tendency of propagation. The paper firstly studied the computer model and its algorithm to predict the propagation of IPO,I. E. The distributed probability of positive or negative opinion. Then the simulation gave the propagation order for growing or descending. In order to modeling, the propagation of IPO was observed as a random Markov time sequence chain,and its one step transition probability between states in the Markov chain was given by a synergistic probability which developeds Dr. H. Haken in his book of synergistic theory. A Synergistic-Markov model was proposed in the paper. By the simulation, the cluster of curves which expresses different evolving states of IPO propagation with time was depicted when we changed the variable parameters at the formula of synergistic probability. The result could provide reference for the management of virtual society.%网络舆情一定程度上表达出社会公众意愿,它虽然具有一般社会的舆论共性,但由于因特网的影响范围及传播速度,使其在虚拟社会中具有复杂系统的基本特征,故其传播倾向及发展方向受到重视.首先研究整体情感(正、负面)传播的预测模型及其算法;然后通过仿真找出影响其增长和消亡的规律.建模的出发点是将舆情传播看作一个时间序列的马尔科夫链;再利用哈肯协同理论提供的协同概率作为马尔科夫链的状态一步转移概率,构成一个协同-马尔科夫模型.在仿真实验中改变协同概率的各个参变量,以获取舆情随时间传播的不同演化过程的曲线簇,其结果可为虚拟社会管理提供参考.

  14. Public concerns about and perceptions of solid waste dump sites and selection of sanitary landfill sites in the West Bank, Palestinian territory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khatib, Issam A; Abu Hammad, Ahmad; Sharkas, Othman A; Sato, Chikashi

    2015-04-01

    Palestinian inhabitants have disposed of their solid wastes at open dumpsites over the past 40 years without an adequate solid waste management (SWM) plans. Recently, the Palestinian Authority initiated SWM planning to establish controlled sanitary landfills, based on a participatory approach. The purpose of this study was to assess public concerns about existing solid waste dumpsites and public perceptions of sanitary landfill site selection. The study will also take into consideration the effect of diverse social, economic, and environmental related factors of the inhabitants on sitting suitable landfill sites in three Palestinian districts in the West Bank, namely, "Nablus," "Salfit," and "Ramallah and Al-Bireh." The results of this study showed that 64.9% of the sample population are aware of the problems and potential impacts associated with random dumpsites, and 41.6% think that they are suffering from the dumps. Among the environmental, socioeconomic, and political factors, the environmental factors, air pollution in particular, are thought be the most important consideration in selecting a landfill site. The "fairness in selecting a landfill site" was chosen to be one of the most important socioeconomic factors, possibly as a reaction to the Israeli occupation and subsequent land use restrictions in the West Bank, Palestinian territory.

  15. 10 CFR 51.105 - Public hearings in proceedings for issuance of construction permits or early site permits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public hearings in proceedings for issuance of construction permits or early site permits; limited work authorizations. 51.105 Section 51.105 Energy NUCLEAR... concerning the benefits assessment (e.g., need for power) or alternative energy sources if those issues...

  16. Internet services for planning distributed generation connections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Curry, D.; Morgan, A.; Barbier, C.; Reay, P.

    2005-07-01

    The required publication by distributed network operators (DNOs) of details of the current state of their network systems and future planned developments in the form of Long Term Development Statements (LTDS) are discussed. This project aims to increase the usefulness of the information in the LTDS by making it available on the internet and by providing an initial assessment of connection opportunities and the possibility of viewing existing renewable generation projects. The services developed covered data loading, data visualisation, security, connection assessment, reporting, and generation site registration. The benefits of an electronic version of the LTDS are highlighted.

  17. Public Preferences of Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) Stands Generated by Different Site Preparation Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jianbang Gan; Stephen H. Kolison; James H. Miller

    1998-01-01

    In recent decades, the public's demand for non-timber products and services from forests has dramatically increased. To meet these diverse demands, particularly from public forests, has called for the critical evaluation of non-timber as well as timber benefits of forest resources. However, it has been a challenge to elicit and quantify public preferences for non...

  18. Internet Inquiry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This collection of dialogues is the only textbook of its kind. Internet Inquiry: Conversations About Method takes students into the minds of top internet researchers as they discuss how they have worked through critical challenges as they research online social environments. Editors Annette N....... Markham and Nancy K. Baym illustrate that good research choices are not random but are deliberate, studied, and internally consistent. Rather than providing single "how to" answers, this book presents distinctive and divergent viewpoints on how to think about and conduct qualitative internet studies....

  19. Internet Inquiry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This collection of dialogues is the only textbook of its kind. Internet Inquiry: Conversations About Method takes students into the minds of top internet researchers as they discuss how they have worked through critical challenges as they research online social environments. Editors Annette N....... Markham and Nancy K. Baym illustrate that good research choices are not random but are deliberate, studied, and internally consistent. Rather than providing single "how to" answers, this book presents distinctive and divergent viewpoints on how to think about and conduct qualitative internet studies....

  20. Optimal Locations for Siting Wind Energy Projects: Technical Challenges, Economics, and Public Preferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamy, Julian V.

    Increasing the percentage of wind power in the United States electricity generation mix would facilitate the transition towards a more sustainable, low-pollution, and environmentally-conscious electricity grid. However, this effort is not without cost. Wind power generation is time-variable and typically not synchronized with electricity demand (i.e., load). In addition, the highest-output wind resources are often located in remote locations, necessitating transmission investment between generation sites and load. Furthermore, negative public perceptions of wind projects could prevent widespread wind development, especially for projects close to densely-populated communities. The work presented in my dissertation seeks to understand where it's best to locate wind energy projects while considering these various factors. First, in Chapter 2, I examine whether energy storage technologies, such as grid-scale batteries, could help reduce the transmission upgrade costs incurred when siting wind projects in distant locations. For a case study of a hypothetical 200 MW wind project in North Dakota that delivers power to Illinois, I present an optimization model that estimates the optimal size of transmission and energy storage capacity that yields the lowest average cost of generation and transmission (/MWh). I find that for this application of storage to be economical, energy storage costs would have to be 100/kWh or lower, which is well below current costs for available technologies. I conclude that there are likely better ways to use energy storage than for accessing distant wind projects. Following from this work, in Chapter 3, I present an optimization model to estimate the economics of accessing high quality wind resources in remote areas to comply with renewable energy policy targets. I include temporal aspects of wind power (variability costs and correlation to market prices) as well as total wind power produced from different farms. I assess the goal of providing

  1. 涉监网络舆情的机制语境%The Study on Mechanisms of Internet Public Opinions Concerning Prison

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐岩军

    2013-01-01

    Fluctuations and variations of internet public opinions concerning prison always reflect the miniature or fragment of rational paradox .The flourishing instrumental rationality and variegated value rationality have been interwoven into a vivid picture of modern society .The permeating of ration may confer mechanism with a distinctive humanistic spirit and mouldable imaginary space .Based on the mechanism as a core category to grasp the law and control the proposition , this arti-cle makes a searching analysis of the three levels of inherent mechanisms of inter -net public opinions , and then , aimed at China ’s prison , three levels of external regulation mechanisms and a package of concrete measures are brought forth corre -spondingly to construct a healthy network public opinion environment , hoped to benefit the innovation of management of China ’s prison .%涉监网络舆情的波动与序变,闪烁着理性吊诡的缩影与片段。工具理性的横肆与价值理性的斑驳,交织而成了现代社会的生动图景。理性的渗入可赋予机制以鲜明的人文精神与型塑的想象空间。本文以机制作为把握规律、驾驭命题的核心范畴,通过对网络舆情的三种层级的内在生成机制的抽丝剥茧,进而上呼下应,驻足于中国监狱的向度,提出了建构健康网络舆情环境的三个层次的外在调控机制及一揽子的具体举措,期冀对创新我国监狱管理有所裨益。

  2. Research on the Propagation of Internet Public Opinion Events Based on System Dynamics%基于系统动力学的网络舆情事件传播研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈福集; 游丹丹

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, combing SIR model, we construct a system dynamic somulation model to analyze the spread of public opinion of internet. Then we drawe a causal loop diagram,establish flow diagram and use Vensim PLE to simulate the model. It explores the internet public opinion events evolutinal process,influence factors and stable equilibrium points keeping system stable. The results show that, con-tact rate, control and guide rate of the government, the number of susceptible people and so on, play a vitial role in the spread of public opinion of internet. Finally, acording above research, we put forward some prescriptions to control internet public opinion.%结合SIR模型,建立系统动力学仿真模型对网络舆情事件传播过程进行系统分析,绘制因果回路图,建立存量流量图,利用Vensim PLE进行模拟仿真,探索网络舆情的传播规律、影响因素及保持传播系统稳定的平衡点。结果表明,接触速率、政府管控引导速率、易感疑惑人群数量等因素对网络舆情事件传播起到至关重要的作用,进而在此结论上为相关政府部门提出相应的对策建议。

  3. Trust in Internet Election

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Randi; Ronquillo, Lorena; Schürmann, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the Decryption and Counting Ceremony held in conjunction with the internet voting trial on election day in the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development of Norway in 2013. We examine the organizers' ambition of making the decryption and counting of electronic votes...... public in order to sustain trust in internet voting. We introduce a pragmatic approach to trust that emphasises the inseparability of truth from witnessing it. Based on this and on a description of how the event was made observable and how the complexities in the counting process were disclosed, we...... discuss what we term economy of truth from the perspective of the IT community involved in the ceremony. We claim that broadening the economy of truth by including more explicitly social and political perspectives in the ceremony, and in internet elections in general, and how witnessing is brought about...

  4. Internet Resources for Radio Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andernach, H.

    A subjective overview of Internet resources for radio-astronomical information is presented. Basic observing techniques and their implications for the interpretation of publicly available radio data are described, followed by a discussion of existing radio surveys, their level of optical identification, and nomenclature of radio sources. Various collections of source catalogues and databases for integrated radio source parameters are reviewed and compared, as well as the web interfaces to interrogate the current and ongoing large-area surveys. Links to radio observatories with archives of raw (uv-) data are presented, as well as services providing images, both of individual objects or extracts (``cutouts'') from large-scale surveys. While the emphasis is on radio continuum data, a brief list of sites providing spectral line data, and atomic or molecular information is included. The major radio telescopes and surveys under construction or planning are outlined. A summary is given of a search for previously unknown optically bright radio sources, as performed by the students as an exercise, using Internet resources only. Over 200 different links are mentioned and were verified, but despite the attempt to make this report up-to-date, it can only provide a snapshot of the situation as of mid-1998.

  5. INTERNET ETHICS

    OpenAIRE

    Laurentiu Fratila

    2008-01-01

    In our age, Internet is the biggest information network in the world; it consists of a set of heterogeneous networks from over 100 countries displaying huge amounts of virtual resources; it provides facilities such as email, file transmission protocol (ftp), workgroups discussion or chat, information and dissemination of information (www – world wide web). Internet has a major impact over all activity fields: political, social, economic and private life of users, as well. Newly developed, mod...

  6. Internet and Surveillance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The Internet has been transformed in the past years from a system primarily oriented on information provision into a medium for communication and community-building. The notion of “Web 2.0”, social software, and social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace have emerged...... institutions have a growing interest in accessing this personal data. Here, contributors explore this changing landscape by addressing topics such as commercial data collection by advertising, consumer sites and interactive media; self-disclosure in the social web; surveillance of file-sharers; privacy...... in the age of the internet; civil watch-surveillance on social networking sites; and networked interactive surveillance in transnational space. This book is a result of a research action launched by the intergovernmental network COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology)....

  7. 国有企业应对网络舆情事件的思考%Thinking on Replying Internet Public Opinion Event of State-owned Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈坦

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,internet public opinion(IPO) event connected to state-owned enterprise has often occurred.IPO event features scattered personnel,rapid explosion,broad range and hard to control.To effectively reply IPO event for the state-owned enterprise,we have to follow human-oriented principle,open principle,in time principle and persuasion principle,we should improve the ability to handle IPO event in terms of paying attention to collection and study of maintaining stable information,constructing and perfecting control and leading system,strengthening response to IPO event,further elevating employee's legal consciousness and moral quality,improving ourselves%近年来,与国有企业相关的网络舆情事件频发。网络舆情事件具有人员分散、爆发迅速、范围广泛、难以控制等特点。国有企业要有效应对网络舆情事件,需要遵循人本原则、公开原则、及时原则及疏导原则,并从重视舆情维稳信息的收集与研判、建立健全舆情控制与引导机制、加强对网络舆情事件的处置、进一步提高职工法制意识和道德素质、炼好自身内功等5个方面,提升处置网络舆情事件的水平与能力。

  8. Internet resources for diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadav Hariom

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet is transforming lives of many people in the world. Nowadays Internet has become one of the most common media to extract information of interest to researchers. The Internet is composed of a large number of smaller interconnected networks called Intranets. These Intranets connect thousands computers enabling them to share information with each other and to share various resources such as powerful super computers, software and databases of information. It has made it possible for people all over the world to effectively and inexpensively communicate with each other. The Internet has become world′s biggest library where retrieval of scientific resources is only a mouse click away. The geometric growth in Internet usage is mainly due to the great success of "World Wide Web". Various useful databases on diabetes are already on ′the Net′ and many more being added regularly. The present article is an attempt to provide a review of several sites that may be of great significance to the diabetes researchers before execution for new assignment/project.

  9. Discussion on the Countermeasures for the Persuasion and Management of Network Public Opinions from the Harm of Internet Rumors%从网谣的危害探讨网络舆情的疏导和管理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨蔚琪

    2015-01-01

    This paper expounds the current status of the Internet rumors in China, analyzes the features and potential hazards of the network public opinions in China, and puts forward some strategies for the construction of the persuasion and management mechanism for network public opinions.%阐述了我国“网谣”的现状,分析了我国网络舆情的特点及其潜在危害,提出了网络舆情疏导及管理机制的构建策略。

  10. Development of Internet Public Opinion Monitoring System Based on the Information Mining in College%基于信息挖掘的高校网络舆情监测系统开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于琨; 孙新领

    2012-01-01

    受网上各种信息的影响,高校大学生对社会诸多现象、现实和问题等反应敏感,易受到错误言论的蒙蔽和误导。针对高校网络舆情监测与预警手段方面的严重不足,开发了一个基于网络信息挖掘技术的高校网络舆情监测系统,系统利用网络蜘蛛技术、中文分词技术和文本聚类技术,通过对互联网信息进行采集、处理,舆情识别分析,实现了舆情热点与话题信息的推送与跟踪功能,可进一步分析舆情内容的观点与态度问题,筛选并判定各级别网络舆情的发生,从而进行公共危机和热点事件的监测和预警。%As the scale expansion of the Internet users of college,many college students are vulnerable to errors and misleading statements to deceive,in that they are sensitive to reality,phenomena,and problems of social.In order to improve Internet public opinion monitoring and early warning technical systems,this paper developed a Internet public opinion monitoring system based on the information mining technology in college,which adopted web spiders technology,the Chinese word segmentation technology,and text clustering technique.By the Internet information collecting,processing,public opinion recognition analyzing,the system can push and track the hot topic of the information with public opinion,can further analyzes of the contents of the public opinion and attitude to view,Screening and to judge the happening of different levels of public opinions,and thus can monitor and warn the public crisis and hot issues.This has an important application value and meaning for colleges and universities to make full use of network public opinion,strengthen propaganda and the management of the spread of information security,build a harmonious campus.

  11. What determines the survival of internet IPOs?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Goot, T.; van Giersbergen, N.; Botman, M.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines whether the variables that are significant in noninternet initial public offering (IPOs) play a similar role for internet IPOs. To this end, we analyse the determinants of survival of internet firms that have gone public at the NASDAQ stock exchange from December 1996 through F

  12. Internet gambling is a predictive factor of Internet addictive behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Critselis, Elena; Janikian, Mari; Paleomilitou, Noni; Oikonomou, Despoina; Kassinopoulos, Marios; Kormas, George; Tsitsika, Artemis

    2013-12-01

    Adolescent Internet gambling is associated with concomitant addictive behaviors. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of Internet gambling practices, its impact upon psychosocial development and to evaluate the association between gambling practices and Internet addictive behavior among Cypriot adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a convenience sample (n = 805) of adolescents attending selected public schools (9th and 10th grades) in Cyprus. Anonymous self-completed questionnaires were used including the Internet Addiction Test and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Among the study population (n = 805), approximately one third (n = 28; 34.9%) reported Internet gambling. Internet gamblers were twice as likely to utilize Internet café portals (adjusted odds ratio for gender and age, AOR: 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 1.56-2.91) for interactive game-playing (AOR: 6.84; 95% CI: 4.23-11.07), chat-rooms (AOR: 2.57; 95% CI: 1.31-4.85), and retrieval of sexual information (AOR: 1.99; 95% CI: 1.42-2.81). Among Internet gamblers 26.0% (n = 73) reported borderline addictive Internet use and 4.3% (n = 12) addictive behavior. Internet gamblers more often had comprehensive psychosocial and emotional maladjustment (AOR: 4.00; 95% CI: 1.97-8.13), including Abnormal Conduct Problems (AOR: 3.26; 95% CI: 2.00-5.32), Emotional Symptoms (AOR: 1.78; 95% CI: 1.02-3.11), and Peer Problems (AOR: 2.44; 95% CI: 1.08-5.48) scores. The multivariate regression analyses indicated that the single independent predictor associated with Internet addictive behavior was Internet gambling (AOR: 5.66; 95% CI: 1.45-22.15). Internet gambling is associated with addictive Internet use, as well as emotional maladjustment and behavioral problems, among Cypriot adolescents. Longitudinal studies are needed to elucidate whether Internet gambling constitutes a risk factor for the development of Internet addictive behavior among adolescents.

  13. Research of public security platform cloud computing architecture based on internet of things%基于物联网的公共安全云计算平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白蛟; 全春来; 郭镇

    2011-01-01

    Internet of things is introduced into the field of public safety technology, and the applications of the distributed computing, virtualized storage and cloud computing technology are discussed. To overcome the disadvantages of the existing public security platform, Internet of things five layers the public safety platform architecture is designed, and all levels of features and technology application are described, which provides a new way for the future construction of Internet of things for police. In order to achieve the business data sharing and security, based on this architecture the data supporting platform is proposed based on cloud computing, which supports vir-tualization of data storage and management, and meanwhile offers high performance computing power and storage equipment dynamic expansion ability. Security and computing power of Internet of things are improved.%将物联网技术引入到公共安全领域,重点研究了分布式计算和虚拟化存储及云计算的技术特点和应用,针对目前公共安全平台的不足,设计了5层的物联网公共安全平台架构,为以后警用物联网的建设提供了新的思路,同时结合该架构,提出了一种基于云计算的数据支撑平台,为该公共安全平台提供虚拟化的数据存储和管理,以实现各业务数据的共享和安全,提高了物联网应用的安全和计算能力.

  14. Sexuality and the Internet: A Study of the Perspectives of Turkish University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucar, Tuba; Golbasi, Zehra; Senturk Erenel, Ayten

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine Turkish university students' uses of and attitudes toward the Internet concerning sexuality. The study was conducted in two public universities in the Central Anatolia and Eastern Anatolia regions of Turkey. Among the students invited to take part in the study, 1,330 students agreed to do so. The study data were collected using a questionnaire designed by researchers to determine participants' personal characteristics, computer and Internet uses in general, and for sexual matters. The findings suggest that approximately half of the students (51%) reported using the Internet to obtain information about sexuality. Among the students, 30.5% said that they visit erotic and pornographic Web sites, 21.1% said that they chat on the Internet about sexuality, and 9.3% said that they bought sexual products online. Compared to the female students, the male students, statistically, more frequently show behaviors such as obtaining sexual information on the Internet, online sexual shopping, chatting on the Internet about sexuality, and visiting pornographic and erotic Web sites. In addition, female students have more negative attitudes toward using the Internet for sexual purposes. This study discusses its results along with the literature from Turkey and other countries.

  15. Caracterización de las publicaciones periódicas de la enfermería en Colombia visibles en Internet Caracterização das publicações periódicas da enfermagem na Colómbia visíveis na Internet Characterization of periodical publications on nursing in Colombia, visible in the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Mesa Melgarejo

    2011-07-01

    ção da produção científica dos profissionais de enfermagem na Colómbia. Método: estudo descritivo. Fizeram-se buscas on line em diferentes bancos de dados para encontrar as revistas e publicações editadas por organizações ou instituições de enfermagem colombianas que se visibilizam a través da internet. Resultados: as buscas na rede exibiram um total de 18 publicações, sendo que 12 (67% correspondem a edições de faculdades e escolas de enfermagem de universidades nacionais públicas e privadas; 3 (17% são boletins informativos; 2 (11% são revistas de organizações sindicais e 1 (5% é uma publicação editada por um hospital universitário. Discussão: a busca das revistas que fizeram parte deste estudo foi um caminho complexo; a visibilidade de muitas publicações, mesmo em buscadores genéricos, é baixa, quase nula, situação que estaria de acordo com a chamada "cultura do enclaustramento", implicando que, a pesar da grande quantidade de artigos de interesse e de qualidade que estas revistas publicam, as contribuições teórico-metodológicas delas à disciplina de enfermagem não têm maior impacto.Publishing scientific production is crucial for the discipline's growth. Periodical publications are the most effective and valid mechanism to disseminate scientific texts. The study had the purpose ofcharacterizing and describing existing Colombian nursing periodical publications and contextualizing dissemination possibilities of scientific production of nursing professionals in Colombia. Method: descriptive study. On-line search was carried out in different databases to find magazines and publications published by Colombian nursing organizations or institutions, visible in the Internet. Results: web searches showed a total of 18 publications, ofwhich 12 (67% correspond to editions ofnational public and private nursing faculties and schools; 3 (17% are informative newsletters and 1 (5% is a publication edited by a University Hospital. Discussion

  16. EDITORIAL: The Internet and physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Paul

    1998-05-01

    , it is true for this edition of Physics Education: all the sites given were checked before publication. However, we cannot be held responsible for non-availability of a site, should the service provider decide to remove or archive that particular page. Any user surfing the net must be prepared for the message File Not Found. The requested URL was not found on this server. Why is looking for information on the Internet referred to as surfing? It has been suggested that you are looking for the ultimate wave/site - the one that answers your questions or gives you that special information. It is certainly addictive, and when a good site is found it is very rewarding. I find the analogy with surfing particularly accurate, as most of my time is spent in the water splashing around! When you do get on the board, the thought of jumping from country to country as you click on each hypertext link is quite exhilarating. The wealth of information you have access to is awesome, defying comprehension. Finding a good book, article, reference or person to help you, makes it more than justify its existence. Looking for fellow teachers of physics could not be easier. PEERS (Physics Encyclopaedia of E-mail Records), the database of physicists maintained by IOP, should be a wonderful resource for teachers, industrialists or anyone linked with physics. I decided to find out how many schools had registered themselves with PEERS. I constructed a search of Type of Institution: School and found 113 records, but then refined my search to Country: UK and Subject: Physics and was amazed to find only 23 records. Rest of the world 90, UK 23! I suggest the moment you put this journal down you go and register with PEERS (http://www.iop.org/cgi-bin/PEERS/main); it is FREE! At a recent IOP update course in Oxford, I was pleased to see most lecturers using laptops linked to video projectors to give their presentations, and references were made to sources of information on the WWW. With the availability

  17. The Public Sphere Characteristics of the Internet Discourse Power and the Realization of Discourse Democracy%网络话语权的公共领域特征与话语民主的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司林波

    2012-01-01

    The internet as an important platform of the public opinion,which makes the citizens' discourse power gets a new realization completely in cyberspace.The characteristics including anonymous,open,interactive,etc.what the discourse express has owned in the internet public sphere,which makes the internet discourse power have more unparalleled advantages than traditional media,and become an important form of the citizen accountability and the discourse democracy practice.%网络作为公共舆论的重要平台,使得公民的话语权在网络空间得到全新的实现。网络公共领域的话语表达所表现出的匿名性、开放性、互动性等特点,使得网络话语权的行使具有传统媒体无可比拟的优势,成为公民问责和实践话语民主的重要形式。

  18. 基于系统动力学的网络舆情事件演化研究%System Dynamics-based Study on Evolution of Internet Public Opinion Events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向江燕

    2015-01-01

    The paper systematically analyses evolutional process of Internet public opinion events by using system dynamics, does modeling and simulation on internet pubic opinion events evolutional process by using VenSim PLE software from aspects of integrated actions of event itself, media, government and netizens. The results show that, severity of event itself, guiding role of media and role of government play a vital role in development of Internet public opinion.%应用系统动力学原理对网络舆情事件演化过程进行系统分析,从事件本身、媒体、政府和网民4个方面的综合作用出发,通过VenSim PLE软件对网络舆情事件的演化过程进行建模与仿真。结果表明,事件本身的严重程度、媒体的引导作用和政府作用都会对网络舆情的发展起到至关重要的作用。

  19. Commercial Security on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddy, Carrie

    1996-01-01

    Discusses commercial security on the Internet and explains public key technology as successfully melding the conflicting requirements of openness for practical business applications and isolation and confidentiality for protection of data. Examples of public key value-added products are described, including encryption, digital signature and…

  20. Qualidade das informações sobre aleitamento materno e alimentação complementar em sites brasileiros de profissionais de saúde disponíveis na internet The quality of information on maternal breast feeding and complementary feeding on Brazilian internet sites available for health professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Quirino da Silva

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: analisar as informações de sites da internet sobre o aleitamento materno e alimentação complementar de acordo com a adequação às recomendações do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. MÉTODOS: realizado estudo transversal, com amostra de 103 sites de profissionais de saúde. Analisaram-se informações sobre aleitamento materno (AM e alimentação complementar (AC. As informações foram quantificadas e analisadas qualitativamente. RESULTADOS: as recomendações relativas ao AM foram: exclusivo até 6º mês (64,1%; sem água e chá (31,1%; duração de dois anos ou mais (36,9%; e não utilizar mamadeira e chupeta (33%. Para a AC foi utilizada a terminologia desmame (30,1%, recomendada a introdução alimentar no 6º mês (47,9%, introdução da primeira papa com fruta (11,6% ou suco (9,7%; e a oferta de sopa (14,6% como refeição. Na análise qualitativa, entre as informações incorretas, constavam recomendações de consumo de carne no 12º mês, horários regulares para refeições, introdução de alimentos no 7º mês e consumo de leite de vaca no 6º mês. CONCLUSÕES: a maior parte das informações sobre aleitamento materno está de acordo com o preconizado pelo Ministério da Saúde, mas são insuficientes para estimular a prática do aleitamento materno. Já as informações sobre alimentação complementar na sua maioria divergem do recomendado.OBJECTIVES: to analyze the information available on internet sites regarding maternal breast feeding and complementary feeding according to the recommendations of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. METHODS: a cross-sectional study was carried out using a sample of 103 sites for professional healthcare workers. Information was analyzed on maternal breast feeding (MB and complementary feeding (CF. The information was quantified and analyzed qualitatively. RESULTS: the recommendations for MB were: that it should be exclusive up to the 6th month of life (64.1%; that no water or tea

  1. EDUCATING THE PUBLIC ABOUT ON-SITE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MAINTENANCE AND WATERSHED PROTECTION (R823466)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  2. Rates and determinants of uptake and use of an internet physical activity and weight management program in office and manufacturing work sites in England: Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Internet-based physical activity (PA) and weight management programs have the potential to improve employees' health in large occupational health settings. To be successful, the program must engage a wide range of employees, especially those at risk of weight gain or ill health. The aim of the study...

  3. Everyone's Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO BIN

    2010-01-01

    @@ After more than 20 years, the Internet in China has become a big success. The country has the world's largest Intemet population that topped 420 million at the end of June. In the first six months of this year, China's Internet market reached 74.3 billion yuan ($10.9 billion), the equivalent of 2009's total. Local businesses have risen to leaders on the Chinese market, as Chinese language search, instant messaging and online auction service providers have overwhelming advantages over foreign rivals.

  4. Internet Sexualities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Döring, Nicola

    The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services and applications (e.g., websites, online chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks). If an even broader range of computer networks - such as the Usenet or bulletin board systems - is included in this extensional definition, one speaks of “online sexuality” or “cybersexuality.”

  5. Internet experiments: methods, guidelines, metadata

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reips, Ulf-Dietrich

    2009-02-01

    The Internet experiment is now a well-established and widely used method. The present paper describes guidelines for the proper conduct of Internet experiments, e.g. handling of dropout, unobtrusive naming of materials, and pre-testing. Several methods are presented that further increase the quality of Internet experiments and help to avoid frequent errors. These methods include the "seriousness check", "warm-up," "high hurdle," and "multiple site entry" techniques, control of multiple submissions, and control of motivational confounding. Finally, metadata from sites like WEXTOR (http://wextor.org) and the web experiment list (http://genpsylab-wexlist.uzh.ch/) are reported that show the current state of Internet-based research in terms of the distribution of fields, topics, and research designs used.

  6. The Journal, the Internet, and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-11-01

    ://www.utexas.edu/cons/jchemed/. The Computer Series article by Pospisil, Zalis, and Fanelli incorporates several fractal diagrams that are available in color on our Web site. We expect future issues of this print Journal to have similar electronic components. Look for them if you have access to the Internet. In addition, we begin publication of the abstracts of the papers that appear in the Journal. Abstracts starting with the July 1995 issue are currently available on-line along with the full text of a few articles. We intend to publish the abstracts for a given issue on the date the Journal is released to be printed, providing a preview of the Journal each month and a way of introducing potential subscribers to our wide range of interesting material for teachers.

  7. 基于互联网用户心理挖掘的网站深翻系统%Site Deep-digger System Based on Internet Client Psychology Mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王征; 徐培文

    2012-01-01

    基于人工检索和顶置的网站优化系统工作效率低下,响应速度慢.为消除上述问题,提出并设计了基于互联网用户心理挖掘的网站深翻系统.该系统通过相关网站及自身的观点挖掘活动,检索近期网络热点,并根据历史信息对客户需求进行测度和提取;最终将按照客户的观点需求和当前热点,从历史数据库中提取既往信息进行网站优化.仿真实验表明,该系统能够较好地实现互联网用户心理挖掘及网站的搜索引擎优化,提高网站点击率.%Site optimization systems based on artificial retrieval and topping work slowly and inefficiently. In order to deal with these problems,a site deep-digger system was proposed with internet client psychology mining. The system u-tilizes Web opinion mining technologies to search Internet hot points. And it can extract and estimate client requests from historic data. According to these requests and historic information, it optimizes the site by creating related Webs. Simulation results show that the system can perform better to mine internet opinions and do SEO (search engine optimization) better than the traditional methods do so.

  8. Social Psychological Analysis and Implications of Internet Public Opinion on Hospital Violence%医院暴力事件网络舆情的社会心理学分析与启示∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦晓强; 尹文强; 黄冬梅

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the public attitudes towards violence incidents from the perspective of in-ternet users, by the means of collecting the hospital violence incidents on the internet. Methods:Selected 7 cases of typical hospital violence and divided those comments into three categories, namely,"support the medical side","support the patient side" and "other". The proportions of all kinds of attitudes were analyzed. Summarize the in-centives of hospital violence and analyze the attitudes of internet users from the perspective of social psychology. Results:Internet users had different attitudes to these 7 cases of hospital violence incidents. The proportion of "support the medical side" was from 0 . 66% to 95 . 82%, and the proportion of"support the patient side" was from 0. 18% to 81. 25%. This was mainly due to the in-group favoritism, stereotypes, moral judgment and emotional tendencies of internet public opinion and media-induced and other factors. In internet users' view, the low profes-sional ethical quality is considered the most important incentives, and the proportion was 43. 05%. Conclusions:The tendency of the media coverage has an important influence on the attitude of internet users. Policy makers should correctly treat with the two sides of network public opinions, the hospitals should improve the ability to re-spond to public opinion, the media should regulate coverage and publicity.%目的:通过收集网络上的医院暴力新闻事件,从网民角度分析公众对暴力伤医事件的态度。方法将所选取新闻事件的热门跟帖分为三类,即“支持医方”、“支持患方”和“其他”,分析各类态度所占的比例,挑选归纳有效跟帖,总结网民视角下医院暴力的诱因,并从社会心理学角度对网民态度进行解析。结果网民对研究选取的7例医院暴力事件的态度为:支持医方者所占比例最小为0.66%,最大为95.82%;支持患方者所占比例最小为0

  9. [Internet addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Hideki; Higuchi, Susumu

    2015-09-01

    Internet technologies have made a rapid progress, bringing convenience to daily life. On the other hand, internet use disorder and internet addiction (IA) have become reportedly serious health and social problems. In 2013, internet gaming disorder criteria have been proposed in the section of Conditions for Further Study of DSM-5. Existing epidemiological studies by questionnaire methods have reported that the prevalence of IA ranges between 2.8% and 9.9% among youths in Japan. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), sleeping disorders, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, and phobic anxiety disorder are extremely common comorbid mental disorders with IA. Some psychotherapies (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing) and medical treatments (e.g., antidepressant drugs, methylphenidate) for comorbid mental disorders as well as rehabilitation (e.g., treatment camp) are effective for IA remission. However, some serious cases of IA may be difficult to treat, and prevention is very important. In future, the prevention, rehabilitations and treatments for IA will be more required in Japan.

  10. Internet Shopping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪毓

    2004-01-01

    Nowadays you no longer need to walk round hundreds of shops looking for the items you need. You can shop for just about anything from your armchair. All you need is a computer and access(进入) to the Internet.

  11. Controlling Citizen’s Cyber Viewing Using Enhanced Internet Content Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shafi’í Muhammad ABDULHAMID

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Information passing through internet is generally unrestricted and uncontrollable and a good web content filter acts very much like a sieve. This paper looks at how citizens’ internet viewing can be controlled using content filters to prevent access to illegal sites and malicious contents in Nigeria. Primary data were obtained by administering 100 questionnaires. The data was analyzed by a software package called Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS. The result of the study shows that 66.4% of the respondents agreed that the internet is been abused and the abuse can be controlled by the use of content filters. The PHP, MySQL and Apache were used to design a content filter program. It was recommended that a lot still need to be done by public organizations, academic institutions, government and its agencies especially the Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC in Nigeria to control the internet abuse by the under aged and criminals.

  12. A case-control study evaluating the role of internet meet-up sites and mobile telephone applications in influencing a syphilis outbreak: Multnomah County, Oregon, USA 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSilva, Malini; Hedberg, Katrina; Robinson, Byron; Toevs, Kim; Neblett-Fanfair, Robyn; Petrosky, Emiko; Hariri, Susan; Schafer, Sean

    2016-08-01

    Early syphilis in Multnomah County, Oregon, USA, increased 16-fold during 2007-2013. Cases predominantly occurred among men who have sex with men (MSM); 55% were HIV coinfected. We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the association between meeting sex partners online and early syphilis. Cases subjects (cases) were Multnomah County resident, English speaking, MSM, aged ≥18 years with laboratory-confirmed early syphilis reported 1 January to 31 December 2013. We recruited two MSM controls subjects (controls) per case, frequency matched by HIV status and age. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires. We performed multivariable logistic regression. Seventy per cent (40/57) of cases and 42% (50/119) of controls met partners online (ponline (adjusted OR (aOR)=3.0; 95% CI 1.2 to 6.7), controlling for presumptive confounders. Cases reported more partners than controls (medians 5, 2; ponline. We believe this association may be related to number of sex partners acting as an intermediate variable between use of online resources to meet sex partners and early syphilis. Online meet-up sites might represent areas for public health interventions targeting at-risk individuals. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  13. Comparing first and second generation digital natives' Internet use, Internet anxiety, and Internet identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joiner, Richard; Gavin, Jeff; Brosnan, Mark; Cromby, John; Gregory, Helen; Guiller, Jane; Maras, Pam; Moon, Amy

    2013-07-01

    The aim of the study was to compare first and second generation Digital Natives' attitudes toward and use of the Internet. The sample of first generation Digital Natives consisted of 558 students who we surveyed in 2002 and who were born after 1980. The sample of second generation Digital Natives consisted of a sample of 458 students who we surveyed in 2012 and were born after 1993. They completed a questionnaire in the first semester of their first academic year, which consisted of a measure of Internet experience, an Internet anxiety scale, and an Internet identification scale. Second generation Digital Natives had more positive attitudes toward the Internet than first generation Digital Natives. They had higher scores on the Internet identification scale and lower scores on the Internet anxiety scale compared with first generation Digital Natives. Furthermore, we found that second generation Digital Natives used the Internet more than first generation Digital Natives. E-mail was the most popular activity for both generations, although second generation Digital Natives used it significantly more than first generation Digital Natives. Social networking sites emerged as very popular for second generation Digital Natives. Both generations reported low use of Web 2.0 technologies.

  14. An examination of the patterns of access and use of the internet by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An examination of the patterns of access and use of the internet by youth: the ... as a communication and entertainment tool; the use of Internet for business and ... criminal networks and prostitution sites and that it leads to Internet addiction.

  15. Public administration GI-based web-sites for spatial planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campagna, Michele; Arleth, Mette

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an ongoing comparative study on the accessibility of Geographic Information at public authorities’ websites in Denmark and Italy. Qualitative and quantitative mappings of the level of accessibility to GI in the two countries are made and the results are compared...

  16. Internet-Based Share Dealing in the New Global Marketplace

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Stock brokering services are available via the Internet and investors in many countries can currently experience the benefits of Web-based share trading. Internet-based share trading is far more than completing the same transaction over the Internet. The Internet contains a wealth of information and many sites provide sophisticated facilities that allow the investor to research and monitor investments. This paper examines how Internet-based share trading differs from more traditional forms of...

  17. Information science. Going, going, gone: lost Internet references.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellavalle, Robert P; Hester, Eric J; Heilig, Lauren F; Drake, Amanda L; Kuntzman, Jeff W; Graber, Marla; Schilling, Lisa M

    2003-10-31

    The use of Internet references in academic literature is common, and Internet references are frequently inaccessible. The extent of Internet referencing and Internet reference activity in medical or scientific publications was systematically examined in more than 1000 articles published between 2000 and 2003 in the New England Journal of Medicine, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and Science. Internet references accounted for 2.6% of all references (672/25548) and in articles 27 months old, 13% of Internet references were inactive. Publishers, librarians, and readers need to reassess policies, archiving systems, and other resources for addressing Internet reference attrition to prevent further information loss.

  18. Perceptions of Justice after Recovery Efforts in Internet Purchasing: the Impact on Consumer Trust and Loyalty toward Retailing Sites and Online Shopping in General

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Pizzutti dos Santos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to extend the traditional theoretical model of service recovery to the online purchasing environment by investigating the impact of perceptions of justice after recovery efforts toward unsatisfactory Internet purchasing on customer trust and loyalty. The authors develop a theoretical model focusing on interrelationships among complaint handling evaluations, quality of prior experience, familiarity, trust, perceived value and loyalty. To test this model, 3,339 customers from all over Brazil who had been engaged in complaint processes about online purchases within the past 6 months answered an online questionnaire. Findings indicate that interpersonal treatment by the e-retailer improves consumer perceptions of the online recovery process. Consumer trust in the firm's website is strongly influenced by satisfaction with complaint handling, familiarity and the quality of prior experiences with the website, while consumer trust in Internet shopping is mainly affected by familiarity and the quality of prior experiences with Internet purchasing. These two dimensions of trust are distinct and represent discrete facets, as they do not impact each other. Moreover, repurchase intentions and word-of-mouth communication are influenced by consumer trust.

  19. 41 CFR 102-173.5 - What is Internet GOV Domain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is Internet GOV... Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS 173-INTERNET GOV DOMAIN General § 102-173.5 What is Internet GOV Domain? Internet GOV Domain refers to the Internet...

  20. Public involvement in the siting of contentious facilities; Lessons from the radioactive waste repository siting programmes in Canada and the United States, with special reference to the Swedish repository siting process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richardson, P.J. [Geosciences for Development and the Environment (United Kingdom)

    1997-08-01

    This report describes the conclusion of a two-part programme, begun in 1994 with the overall aim of assisting in the development of an acceptable public participation strategy for use in Sweden for the siting of contentious facilities, with particular reference to the ongoing siting programme for a deep repository for spent nuclear fuel. The first part of the work programme, a global review of siting practice, was reported as SSI Rapport 94-15, in November 1994. This recommended further detailed studies of at least two individual programmes, which have now been carried out in Canada and the United States, and are reported on here. They involved face to face meetings with many of the main stake holders in the two programmes and enabled valuable insight to be gained into the potential problems associated with increased public participation, as well as identifying good practice where it exists. The lessons learned have then been applied to the evolving repository siting process in Sweden. 35 refs.

  1. 网络舆情引导对高校学生工作的现实价值%THE REALITY VALUE OF THE ORIENTATION OF INTERNET PUBLIC OPINION TO COLLEGE STUDENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭民工

    2011-01-01

    网络舆情引导作为新时期学生工作的重要方法,是现代心理学、教育学、社会学、运筹学等多学科理论与学校教育实践相结合的产物;是学生工作者向大学生传播信息、沟通意见的基本方法;是学生工作以人为本的具体体现;是构建和谐校园的重要途径。网络舆情引导对高校学生工作具有导向价值、调节价值和凝聚价值。%Orientation of Internet public opinion,which is developed by combining multiple subjects such as modern psychology,education science,sociology and operational research with practice of school education,is one of the most important means of students education and management in the new era.It is the basic method used by staffs of students education and management to transmit information and communicate with college students.People-oriented principle is embodied concretely in students education and management by orientation of Internet public opinion.At the same time,it is the significant means to build harmonious campus.Orientation of Internet public opinion has direction value,adjustment value and cohesion value to student education and management of universities.

  2. 农产品质量安全网络舆情风险监控探析%Analysis on Risk Monitoring of Public Opinion on Internet toward Quality and Safety of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐学荣; 赖永波

    2014-01-01

    The risk monitoring of public opinion on internet toward the quality and safety of agricultural products has the characteristics of complex social systems . Applying the system engineering methodology of Hall’s three dimensional structure ,the author builds a three-dimensional structure model of the risk monitoring of public opinion on internet toward the quality and safety of agricultural products ,including time dimension ,logic dimension and knowledge dimension .The time dimension is divided into six stages , the logic dimension includes seven steps and the knowledge dimension includes seven areas .Based on the analysis of the three-dimensional structure ,the measures of risk monitoring of public opinion on Internet toward the quality of agricultural products are put forward from the four stages :risk identification ,risk measurement ,risk analysis and risk response .%农产品质量安全网络舆情风险监控具有复杂的社会系统特征,应用霍尔三维结构的系统工程方法论,可以构建农产品质量安全网络舆情风险监控的时间维、逻辑维和知识维三维结构模型。其中时间维分为6个阶段,逻辑维包括7个步骤,知识维涵盖7个领域。在三维结构分析的基础上,结合风险管理流程,从风险识别、风险衡量、风险分析和风险应对四个环节,提出农产品质量安全网络舆情风险监控措施。

  3. A Preliminary Study on the Constructional Function of the Traditional Media to the Public Opinion in Internet%传统媒体对网络舆情的建构功能初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林荧章

    2016-01-01

    A pessimistic opinion was popular in Chinese relative research field that traditional media can not catch up with the pub⁃lic opinion in internet and became the "followers" to the internet media. In fact, from the view of the Constructivist Theory, public o⁃pinion in internet is constructed by different social subjects in results including the traditional media which can recognize the public o⁃pinion, set the agenda, secondarily check the information, and balance different subjects dynamically with the advantages of informa⁃tion literacy, specialization and power. The"rediscovery" about the construction to public opinion in internet will promote the recogni⁃tion about the function in traditional media, reconstruct the value of the media and provide a new theoretical perspective and methodo⁃logical innovation to guiding public opinion in the new media environment.%在网络舆情的研究中,有一种悲观的论调认为,传统媒体落后于网络舆情的发展,沦落为网络媒体的“跟随者”。实际上,从建构主义理论的视角来看,网络舆情是各方力量共同建构的结果,传统媒体作为建构主体之一,拥有着信源、专业化以及权力等优势,在网络舆情建构过程中具有不可替代性,其舆情建构功能包括识别舆情、设置议题、二次把关、动态平衡等。舆情建构功能的“再发现”,有利于完善对于新媒体环境下传统媒体功能的认识,重构其媒体价值,并为舆情引导提供新的理论视角和方法论上的创新。

  4. Photograph use on social network sites among South Korean college students: the role of public and private self-consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Minsun; Lee, Min Ju; Park, Sang Hee

    2008-08-01

    This study challenges theories of computer-mediated communication (CMC) that typically assume a lack of visual cues in CMC and conceptualize them as a situational factor. We examine individual differences in photo use on social network sites and link them to the dispositional tendency of self-consciousness (SC). Included were 231 students from one university in South Korea, who owned and maintained Cyworld profiles (called "mini-homepages"). Findings suggest that public SC, but not private SC, was positively associated with the higher frequency of posting photos, replying to comments on the photos, and scrapping photos on their mini-homepages. The frequency of posting specific content types of photos (concerning social relationships or life events) was also determined by participants' public SC but not by private SC. Implications of the findings for CMC theories are discussed.

  5. Achieving healthy school siting and planning policies: understanding shared concerns of environmental planners, public health professionals, and educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Alison

    2010-01-01

    Policy decisions regarding the quality of the physical school environment-both, school siting and school facility planning policies-are often considered through the lens of environmental planning, public health, or education policy, but rarely through all three. Environmental planners consider environmental justice issues on a local level and/or consider the regional impact of a school. Public health professionals focus on toxic exposures and populations particularly vulnerable to negative health outcomes. Educators and education policymakers emphasize investing in human capital of both students and staff. By understanding these respective angles and combining these efforts around the common goals of achieving adequacy and excellence, we can work toward a regulatory system for school facilities that recognizes children as a uniquely vulnerable population and seeks to create healthier school environments in which children can learn and adults can work.

  6. Internet censorship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-27

    The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review a lower court ruling that found the Communications Decency Act to be an unconstitutional infringement on free speech. The judges from the U.S. District Court in Philadelphia said that parents should monitor material that children are exposed to on the Internet. AIDS groups that publish information on safer sex, HIV prevention and AIDS treatments are not responsible for censoring content.

  7. Internet Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Veiga

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It has now become quite obvious that the Internet has brought significant changes to our society and a break on how we lived before its emergence. It is still too early to assess the impact on society of the new services at our disposal, such as the capacity to communicate faster and cheaper on a global scale, access information and, perhaps more importantly, to produce and disseminate information in a way that is accessible to all.It is clear that the advent of the Information Society implies changes in our society that constitute a point of no return. However, contrary to what happened when we entered the Industrial Age about three centuries ago, when the changing process was slow and led by older individuals, these days the entrance into the Information Society is taking place rapidly and the decisive players are younger people. The global nature of the Internet, the possibility of producing and distributing any type of content in digital form at almost zero cost, as well as the vast number of people who use the web, have highlighted the need for new forms of intervention in a sector where there are many types of players. It is in this context that the problem of Internet Governance becomes a very current issue, inasmuch as one feels the need to guarantee a diversity of rights and duties, which may appear difficult to reconcile.This paper presents a brief overview of the main players and initiatives which, in the field of Internet Governance, have tried to contribute to turning this network into a factor for social development and democraticity on a global scale.

  8. Performance of a rapid, on-site human immunodeficiency virus antibody assay in a public health setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassler, W J; Haley, C; Jones, W K; Gerber, A R; Kennedy, E J; George, J R

    1995-11-01

    Rapid, on-site human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing has the potential to improve the delivery of prevention services in publicly funded counseling and testing sites. The Single Use Diagnostic System (SUDS) HIV-1 is the only rapid enzyme immunoassay (EIA) approved for diagnostic use in the United States. To evaluate the feasibility of using SUDS in public clinics and to validate the test's performance in a public health laboratory, we conducted blinded SUDS testing on plasma sent for HIV testing. From 19 March through 30 June 1993, 1,923 consecutive samples from a sexually transmitted diseases clinic and an HIV counseling and testing clinic were tested on site with SUDS. Tests done in the first two weeks with a malfunctioning centrifuge n = 402) and those done when there were excessively high temperatures in the laboratory (n = 53) were analyzed separately. Of 1,466 tests, 39 were positive by both SUDS and EIA (with Western blot [immunoblot] confirmation) and 7 were SUDS positive and EIA negative. Western blotting was used as the "gold standard" to adjudicate these discrepancies. There were no SUDS-negative and EIA-positive tests. Compared with that of EIA (with Western blot confirmation), the sensitivity of SUDS was 100% (95% confidence interval, 88.8 to 100%) and the specificity was 99.5% (95% confidence interval, 98.9 to 99.8%). The positive predictive value of SUDS was 88% in the STD clinic and 81% in the HIV counseling and testing clinic. There was a 7.7-fold increase in false positives, from 0.48 to 3.7%, when there was inadequate centrifugation and when the temperature exceeded the manufacturer's recommendations. Rapid, on-site HIV testing by the SUDS assay is feasible and practical in public health settings. The test can be performed accurately, at reasonable cost, and within the time frame of a typical clinic visit. Caution should be used, however, as two conditions adversely affected the accuracy of this test: inadequate specimen preparation and

  9. Internet marketing 101.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Ryan J

    2010-11-01

    In an era when social media sites like YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter dominate the popular press, many surgeons overlook the foundational tactics and strategies necessary for long-term practice development and lead generation on the Internet. This article analyzes common errors made by surgeons during the development and implementation of Web site projects, focusing on the areas of strategy development; domain name identification; site plan creation; design considerations; content development; vendor selection; and launch, promotion, and staff training. The article emphasizes that, because the Web site remains the foundation of a surgeon's branding message, minimizing errors during development and construction is critical, particularly in highly competitive or saturated markets, for today's facial plastic surgery practice.

  10. Site selection process for new nuclear power plants - a method to support decision making and improving public participation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, Vivian B.; Cunha, Tatiana S. da; Simoes Filho, Francisco Fernando Lamego, E-mail: vbmartins@ien.gov.br, E-mail: flamego@ien.gov.br [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Laboratorio de Impactos Ambientais; Lapa, Celso Marcelo F., E-mail: lapa@ien.gov.br [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia e Tecnologia Nucleares

    2011-07-01

    The Brazilian Energy Plan (PNE 2030) that guides the Government in formulating its strategy for expanding energy supply by 2030 highlights the need for the Brazilian electrical system have more than 4,000 MW from nuclear sources by 2025. Therefore, the Government presented a proposal to build four more nuclear power plants with capacity of 1,000 MW each, at first, two in the Northeast and two in Southeast. The selection and site assessment are key parts of the installation process of a nuclear plant and may significantly affect the cost, public acceptance and safety of the facility during its entire life cycle. The result of this initial stage, it can even seriously affect program success. Wrong decisions in the process of site selection may also require a financial commitment to higher planned in a later phase of the project, besides causing extensive and expensive downtime. Select the location where these units will be built is not a trivial process, because involves the consideration of multiple criteria and judgments in addition to obtaining, organizing and managing a diverse range of data, both qualitative and quantitative, to assist in decision making and ensure that the site selected is the most appropriate in relation to safety and technical, economic and environmental feasibility. This paper presents an overview of the site selection process and its stages, the criteria involved in each step, the tools to support decision making that can be used and the difficulties in applying a formal process of decision making. Also discussed are ways to make the process more transparent and democratic, increasing public involvement as a way to improve acceptance and reduce opposition from various sectors of society, trying to minimize the expense and time involved in the implementation of undertakings of this kind. (author)

  11. Synergistic cellular automata model for dissemination of Internet public opinion%因特网舆情传播的协同元胞自动机模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方薇; 何留进; 宋良图

    2012-01-01

    现有的因特网舆情传播研究或者从话题文本增长一消亡过程的数学统计或智能学习出发,或者采用元胞自动机或隐马尔可夫模型(HMM)分析主题倾向度的演化过程.但这些研究均缺乏有关舆情主体属性对因特网舆情传播影响的分析.基于因特网舆情空间的系统协同性,首先计算元胞状态协同转移概率,同时将整体协同转移概率与中心元胞之九邻居局域状态概率比较,确定中心元胞状态是否转换.经过若干次时间序列的迭代计算,获得舆情整体传播趋向“+”或“-”的程度(磁化率).通过观察磁化率一时间变化曲线,能清楚地了解舆情传播的演化.在此基础上,提出一个扩展的协同元胞自动机模型及算法.仿真结果表明环境适应度参变量表达了网络舆情主体从众心理,其变化影响磁化率向多数人意见靠拢;而偏好参变量使网络舆情整体快速向“偏好”方向传播.该模型比较接近现实社会网络的舆情传播方式.%As for the present research on the dissemination of Internet Public Opinion ( IPO), some research use mathematic statistics or intelligent learning to analyze the growing or descending process of a topic related text, and some use cellular automata or Hidden Markov Model ( HMM) to find the tendency propagation of the subject of IPO. However, all of them lack the analyses of the impacts of the subject attributes in IPO on its tendency propagation. Based on the systematic synergy of IPO space, the synergistic transition probability between states on whole cells space of discussed IPO was computed firstly, and then it was compared with a local state probability in 9 neighbors of a central cell to decide whether the state of central cell should be converted. After several iterative operations, the degree (magnetisability) which expressed the tendency propagation upon to " + " or " - " was obtained. Through observing the magnetisability

  12. Internet safety education for youth: stakeholder perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Megan A; Egan, Katie G; Bare, Kaitlyn; Young, Henry N; Cox, Elizabeth D

    2013-06-05

    Internet use is nearly ubiquitous among US youth; risks to internet use include cyberbullying, privacy violations and unwanted solicitation. Internet safety education may prevent these negative consequences; however, it is unclear at what age this education should begin and what group is responsible for teaching this topic. Surveys were distributed to key stakeholders in youth safety education including public school teachers, clinicians, parents and adolescents. Surveys assessed age at which internet safety education should begin, as well as experiences teaching and learning internet safety. Surveys of adults assessed willingness to teach internet safety. Finally, participants were asked to identify a group whose primary responsibility it should be to teach internet safety. A total of 356 participants completed the survey (93.4% response rate), including 77 teachers, 111 clinicians, 72 parents and 96 adolescents. Stakeholders felt the optimal mean age to begin teaching internet safety was 7.2 years (SD = 2.5), range 2-15. Internet safety was regularly taught by some teachers (20.8%), few clinicians (2.6%) and many parents (40.3%). The majority of teachers, clinicians and parents were willing to teach internet safety, but all groups surveyed identified parents as having primary responsibility for teaching this topic. Findings suggest agreement among key stakeholders for teaching internet safety at a young age, and for identifying parents as primary teachers of this topic. Clinicians have a unique opportunity to support parents by providing resources, guidance and support.

  13. The role of the Internet in doctor performance rating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Jeffrey

    2009-01-01

    Historically, if a patient was dissatisfied with care, he or she could tell his or her friends and family. The criticism was limited to a small circle of people. If the patient was injured negligently, he or she could hire an attorney to prosecute a lawsuit. The threshold for finding an attorney and prevailing posed a significant barrier for the patient achieving redress. With the Internet, if a patient is unhappy he or she needs do little more than access a growing number of Internet physician rating sites. Such criticism can be rendered anonymously. The posts are disseminated worldwide, and once posted, the criticism rarely comes down. While transparency is a laudable goal, such sites often lack accountability. More formal sites run by authoritative bodies, such as medical licensing boards, also provide data about physicians, but such data is often unfiltered, making it difficult for the public to properly interpret. Given how important reputation is to physicians, the traditional remedy of suing for defamation because of libelous posts is ordinarily ineffective. First, many patients who post libelous comments, do so anonymously. Next, the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) hosting such sites are generally immune from liability for defamation. Finally, the law has a very formal definition for libel, and a negative rating does not necessarily equate to "defamation." A novel method of addressing un-policed physician rating sites in the Internet age is described. The system embraces the use of mutual privacy contracts to provide physicians a viable remedy to anonymous posts. In exchange, patients receive additional privacy protections above and beyond that mandated by law.

  14. Internet gaming addiction: current perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuss, Daria J

    2013-01-01

    In the 2000s, online games became popular, while studies of Internet gaming addiction emerged, outlining the negative consequences of excessive gaming, its prevalence, and associated risk factors. The establishment of specialized treatment centers in South-East Asia, the US, and Europe reflects the growing need for professional help. It is argued that only by understanding the appeal of Internet gaming, its context, and neurobiologic correlates can the phenomenon of Internet gaming addiction be understood comprehensively. The aim of this review is to provide an insight into current perspectives on Internet gaming addiction using a holistic approach, taking into consideration the mass appeal of online games, the context of Internet gaming addiction, and associated neuroimaging findings, as well as the current diagnostic framework adopted by the American Psychiatric Association. The cited research indicates that the individual’s context is a significant factor that marks the dividing line between excessive gaming and gaming addiction, and the game context can gain particular importance for players, depending on their life situation and gaming preferences. Moreover, the cultural context is significant because it embeds the gamer in a community with shared beliefs and practices, endowing their gaming with particular meaning. The cited neuroimaging studies indicate that Internet gaming addiction shares similarities with other addictions, including substance dependence, at the molecular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels. The findings provide support for the current perspective of understanding Internet gaming addiction from a disease framework. The benefits of an Internet gaming addiction diagnosis include reliability across research, destigmatization of individuals, development of efficacious treatments, and the creation of an incentive for public health care and insurance providers. The holistic approach adopted here not only highlights empirical research that

  15. Internet gaming addiction: current perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuss, Daria J

    2013-01-01

    In the 2000s, online games became popular, while studies of Internet gaming addiction emerged, outlining the negative consequences of excessive gaming, its prevalence, and associated risk factors. The establishment of specialized treatment centers in South-East Asia, the US, and Europe reflects the growing need for professional help. It is argued that only by understanding the appeal of Internet gaming, its context, and neurobiologic correlates can the phenomenon of Internet gaming addiction be understood comprehensively. The aim of this review is to provide an insight into current perspectives on Internet gaming addiction using a holistic approach, taking into consideration the mass appeal of online games, the context of Internet gaming addiction, and associated neuroimaging findings, as well as the current diagnostic framework adopted by the American Psychiatric Association. The cited research indicates that the individual's context is a significant factor that marks the dividing line between excessive gaming and gaming addiction, and the game context can gain particular importance for players, depending on their life situation and gaming preferences. Moreover, the cultural context is significant because it embeds the gamer in a community with shared beliefs and practices, endowing their gaming with particular meaning. The cited neuroimaging studies indicate that Internet gaming addiction shares similarities with other addictions, including substance dependence, at the molecular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels. The findings provide support for the current perspective of understanding Internet gaming addiction from a disease framework. The benefits of an Internet gaming addiction diagnosis include reliability across research, destigmatization of individuals, development of efficacious treatments, and the creation of an incentive for public health care and insurance providers. The holistic approach adopted here not only highlights empirical research that

  16. Supervision Advantage and Scientific Management of the Public Opinions Related to Corruption on Internet%网络涉腐舆情的监督优势及科学化管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖洪兰

    2013-01-01

    网络涉腐舆情的形成是一个动态过程,具有敏感诱发性、随意偶发性、主观猜测性、虚拟隐匿性等特点,表达了民众对公权公正、廉洁的政治诉求。网络涉腐舆情具有高效高质监督、保护参与个体安全等优势,同时也存在网络暴力倾向、规范性合法性不足等问题。要加强网络反腐的法律法规建设,逐步建立政府及时回应机制和政府、网络与传统媒体的合作机制,完善网络涉腐舆情信息工作体系,加强对网民和网站的培育监督,以实现对网络涉腐舆情的科学化管理。%The formation of the public opinions related to corruption on internet is a dynamic process. It has some distinguish-ing features such as impressible inducement, random occurrence, subjective speculation, suppositional secretiveness and so on, and it expresses the public’s demands for the justice of power and the clean politics. It has supervision advantages such as the supervision with high efficiency and quality, and the protection of the participators’safety. Meanwhile, it also has some disad-vantages such as the tendency of internet violence, and the insufficiency of normalization and legality. To scientifically manage the public opinions related to corruption on internet, we need establish a government’s immediate response mechanism, gradu-ally set up a cooperative mechanism among the government, network and tradition media, perfect the information system, and strengthen the supervision of netizens and websites. In this way, we can realize the scientific management of the public opinions related to corruption on internet.

  17. The Formation, Transmission of Internet Rumors and Guidance Mechanism of the Public Opinion%网络谣言的形成、传导与舆情引导机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜胜洪

    2012-01-01

    While the rapid development of the network bring the convenient in the information communication, it has also make the rumor "on the wings of". With the aid of modern information technology, Internet rumors are not limited to specific groups, specific time, specific scope dissemination, the propagation speed and the area of affection increasing by geometric series. Internet rumors fundamentally undermine the public trust to the government, society and politics, and have caused serious confusion. Therefore, we must strive to grasp the formation mechanism and its transmission mechanism of the Internet rumors. Party committees and governments at all levels should innovate and strengthen social management, strengthening the network public opinion analysis, safeguard the people's livelihood needs, safeguard the interests of the masses, insist on information transparency principle, timely disclosure of accurate information, to improve the government's credibility, speeding up the training of micro-blog opinion leader. The media should take the responsibility and obligation to clear network rumor, strengthen the legal system propaganda, improve the public rumor immunity, and build the lasting effect mechanism of dealing with Internet rumors.%借助现代信息技术,网络谣言不再局限于特定人群、特定时空、特定范围的传播,其传播速度与影响范围呈几何级数增长。降低网络谣言的危害,必须努力把握其形成机理及其传导机制。各级党委和政府应创新和加强社会管理,强化网络舆情分析研判,保障民生需求,维护群众利益;坚持信息透明原则,及时公布准确信息;提高政府的公信度;加快培养微博意见领袖。媒体应该自觉承担清除网络谣言的责任与义务;加大法制宣传力度,提高民众的谣言免疫力,从而构建起应对网络谣言的长效机制。

  18. Public Responses to CO2 Storage Sites. Lessons from Five European Cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oltra, C.; Boso, A. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Upham, P. [Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki and Centre for Integrated Energy Research, University of Leeds, Leeds (United Kingdom); Riesch, H. [Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom); Brunsting, S. [ECN Policy Studies, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands ECN, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Duetschke, E. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung ISI, Karlsruhe (Germany); Lis, A. [Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Central European University, Budapest (Hungary)

    2012-05-24

    Studies of the factors involved in public perceptions of CO2 storage projects reveal a level of complexity and diversity that arguably confounds a comprehensive theoretical account. To some extent, a conceptual approach that simply organises the relevant social scientific knowledge thematically, rather than seeking an integrated explanation, is as useful as any single account that fails to do justice to the contingencies involved. This paper reviews and assembles such knowledge in terms of six themes and applies these themes to five European cases of carbon capture and storage (CCS) implementation. We identify the main factors involved in community responses to CCS as relating to: the characteristics of the project; the engagement process; risk perceptions; the actions of the stakeholders; the characteristics of the community, and the socio-political context.

  19. Further development of public participation in the site-selection and approval process of a final repository in Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barth, Regine; Kallenbach-Herbert, Beate [OeEo-Institute e.V., Inst. for Applied Ecology, Darmstadt (Germany); Arens, Georg [Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), Salzgitter (Germany)

    2006-09-15

    This paper reflects the first findings of a current research project funded by the German Federal Office for Radiation Protection and conducted by an interdisciplinary working group of the OEko-Institute. One focus of this project is the systematic analysis of past and existing participatory processes in different nuclear and non-nuclear projects. On the basis of this analysis and a literature review a specific concept for public participation in the site-selection and approval process of a repository for high radioactive waste (HAW repository) in Germany will be derived. The concept shall foster transparency and acceptance. The working group of the OEko-Institute combines long standing research experience and an intimate knowledge of radioactive waste management including political, technical, management and social problems of final disposal on the one hand. On the other hand members play an active role in stakeholder processes of different non-nuclear projects as well as experience with a wide range of participative measures and their impact. This allows an approach which integrates the specific features of radioactive waste disposal with a wider perspective on the demands and opportunities of stakeholder processes. The procedure of site selection for a HAW repository in Germany still has to be specified. The procedure introduced by the 'Committee on a Site Selection Procedure for Repository Sites' (Arbeitskreis Auswahlverfahren Endlagerstandorte - AkEnd) has not been adopted. The Committee had suggested installing a negotiation group to discuss the AkEnd proposals in the so called 'Phase II'. This suggestion could not be followed because not all relevant stakeholders were willing to participate. An internal draft for a federal law implementing main elements of the AkEnd findings was developed by the Ministry for Environment in 2005, but has never been brought to the cabinet. Due to the change of Government in Germany, the next steps still are

  20. Internet Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... lives. They browse the Web for information, use social networking sites, text, and chat. But there can also be ... Never send sexually explicit photographs or messages On social networking sites, use privacy controls and only friend people that ...

  1. On Association Between the Internet Public Opinions and the Validity of Ideological Education%网络舆情与思想教育有效性的关联性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永林

    2012-01-01

    本文提出网络舆情可成为高职生自我教育的平台与反映其思想特点及发展规律的媒介,并在此基础上就网络舆情视域中的思想教育功能展开了相关探讨。%With the development of information technology, the mternet public opinions nave Become a new carrier of Ideological Education. The article puts forward the internet public opinions can be the platform of Higher Vocational College Students' self education and the media of reflecting the thought characteristic and the law of development. On this basis, we explore the function of Ideological Education.

  2. Briefly Comment on the Establishment and Perfection of the Legal System to Control Internet Public Opinions in China%中外互联网舆情管控法律体系比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳旭; 魏志强; 程洁

    2012-01-01

    Internet public opinions as a sword with double edges bring about convenience to our life but also huge negative effects. Nowadays, Internet criminals have nothing to fear, rumors incite people, pornography is rampant and fraudulent means are continually renewed. As such, in order to maintain the national political safety and safeguard the people's interests, the functional departments are obliged to strengthen the Interact public opinion control and perfect related legal regulations.%网络舆情作为一把双刃剑,在给人们工作、生活带来快捷便利的同时,也会产生巨大的负面效应。为此各国纷纷制订实施相关法律法规,以加强对互联网舆情的依法管控。当前我国网络舆情衍生出的网络犯罪有恃无恐、网络谣言蛊惑人心、网络色情泛滥、网络欺诈手段不断翻新。因此,为了维护国家政治安全和社会稳定、保障公民个人权益,职能部门必须加强对网络舆情的依法管控并且完善相关法律法规。

  3. 基于互联网信息的公共卫生监测进展%A review on the advancement of internet-based public health surveillance program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵永谦; 马文军

    2017-01-01

    互联网数据因其更新快和数据量丰富的特点被引入公共卫生监测领域.通过挖掘分析互联网中丰富的健康相关信息,研究者建立基于互联网的公共卫生监测系统,以快速估计人群中健康相关事件的分布.基于互联网的公共卫生监测系统根据信息来源不同可分为主动式监测系统和被动式监测系统.相较于传统监测系统,基于互联网的监测系统具有及时性佳和成本低的优点,还可在健康相关行为监测和卫生政策评价等传统监测力所不逮的领域发挥作用.但由于假阳性消息的存在,基于互联网的监测系统存在准确性不佳的缺点.本文介绍基于互联网的公共卫生监测进展及其在疾病预警中的应用,为我国开展相关工作提供参考.%Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume.Mining and analyzing internet data,researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events.There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems,i.e.active and passive,which are distinguished by the sources of information.Through passive surveillance system,information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers.Except for serving as a real-time and convenient complementary approach to traditional disease,food safety and adverse drug reaction surveillance program,Internet-based surveillance system can also play a role in health-related behavior surveillance and policy evaluation.Although several techniques have been applied to filter information,the accuracy of internet-based surveillance system is still bothered by the false positive information.In this article,we have summarized the development and application of internet-based surveillance system in public health to provide reference for a better surveillance

  4. 43 CFR 2.4 - How do I obtain information routinely available to the public?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Internet, the FOIA Contact should refer you to the appropriate Web site. If the reading room materials are... policies, procedures, and organizational descriptions. The following guidance will help you obtain this... part). The Library is open to the public for on-site reference use from 7:45 a.m.-5:00 p.m., Monday...

  5. Public Community Support and Involvement around Vandellos ITER Site (EISS-Vandellos 2002/2003). Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sola, R.; Prades, A.; Riba, D.; Doval, E.; Munoz, J.; Garay, A.; Viladrich, C.

    2006-07-01

    The Report summarizes a year and a half research on the social perception and expectations regarding the possible sitting of ITER in Vandellos carried out in the framework of the European ITER Site Studies (EISS). The aims were to examine the needs and preferences in terms of public information and communication; to explore the risks and benefits the community links to the Centre; and to analyse the local expectations concerning public participation. A methodological strategy integrating qualitative methodologies [semi structured interviews to key informants at the local level, and to key research groups in the surrounding area, together with a focus group with local opinion leaders], and quantitative techniques [Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) applied to a sample of 400 participants] was implemented. The local community has lived with complex and high risk facilities for decades, thus local people has a strong familiarity with technological and energy production systems, but no experience with large research installations. In such a context the global opinion towards the possibility of hosting ITER was clearly favourable, and linked to a strong demand in terms of public information and participation. (Author) 45 refs.

  6. Internet-Based Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gernsbacher, Morton Ann

    2014-01-01

    Google the question, "How is the Internet changing the way we communicate?," and you will find no shortage of opinions, or fears, about the Internet altering the way we communicate. Although the Internet is not necessarily making communication briefer (neither is the Internet making communication less formal), the Internet is manifesting…

  7. Internet-Based Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gernsbacher, Morton Ann

    2014-01-01

    Google the question, "How is the Internet changing the way we communicate?," and you will find no shortage of opinions, or fears, about the Internet altering the way we communicate. Although the Internet is not necessarily making communication briefer (neither is the Internet making communication less formal), the Internet is manifesting…

  8. 基于系统动力学的网络舆情风险模型仿真研究%Research on Modeling and Simulation of Risk of Internet Public Opinion Based on System Dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高航; 丁荣贵

    2014-01-01

    Network dissemination has the features of high-speed, interaction and wide-ranging. The rising risk of public opinion in the promotion of network dissemination would negatively affect social stability. This paper analyzes the various influences on risk of internet public opinion of diffusion efficiency of information, transmission capacity of subject, action level of network media and resonance degree of audience, and conducts a simulation based on the system dynamics model built around the above-mentioned dimensions applying Ven-sim PLE. The simulation results show that public opinion sensitivity, activity level of subject, influence of media and participation degree of audience have important influence on risk of internet public opinion.%舆情事件在网络传播的迅捷性、互动性与广泛性等特征催化下,风险不断上升,对社会稳定造成重大负面影响。鉴于网络舆情风险是多因素互动的结果,从舆情信息扩散效率、舆情主体传播能力、网络媒体作用水平、舆情受众共鸣程度等模块建立了系统动力学模型,并利用Vensim PLE进行了模拟仿真。仿真结果表明,舆情敏感度、主体活跃度、媒体影响力、受众参与度等变量与网络舆情风险存在较强互动关系,能够对后者产生较大影响。

  9. Internet Information Search Based Approach to Enriching Textual Descriptions for Public Web Services%基于网络信息搜索的Web Service文本描述信息扩充方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立杰; 李萌; 蔡斯博; 李戈; 谢冰; 杨芙清

    2012-01-01

    随着Web服务技术的不断成熟和发展,互联网上出现了大量的公共Web服务.在使用Web服务开发软件系统的过程中,其文本描述信息(例如简介和使用说明等)可以帮助服务消费者直观有效地识别和理解Web服务并加以利用.已有的研究工作大多关注于从Web服务的WSDL文件中获取此类信息进行Web服务的发现或检索,调研发现,互联网上大部分Web服务的WSDL文件中普遍缺少甚至没有此类信息.为此,提出一种基于网络信息搜索的从WSDL文件之外的信息源为Web服务扩充文本描述信息的方法.从互联网上收集包含目标Web服务特征标识的相关网页,基于从网页中抽取出的信息片段,利用信息检索技术计算信息片段与目标Web服务的相关度,并选取相关度较高的文本片段为Web服务扩充文本描述信息.基于互联网上的真实数据进行的实验,其结果表明,可为约51%的互联网上的Web服务获取到相关网页,并为这些Web服务中约88%扩充文本描述信息.收集到的Web服务及其文本描述信息数据均已公开发布.%With the development of Web services technologies, more and more public Web services have been published on the Internet. During the searching and utilizing of these public services, services' textual descriptions (such as introduction and user manual), which are generally expressed in natural language, provide great help for service consumers to locate, understand, and utilize proper Web services. Existing methods for services discovery usually try to obtain such descriptions only from services' WSDL files. However, according to this investigation, lots of Web services do not contain enough textual descriptions in their WSDL files. This paper proposes an approach to enriching textual descriptions for public Web services on the Internet using the information sources outside of WSDL files. Given a Web service, the study collects related Web pages containing

  10. [Managing the difficult balance between employment needs and public health in large industrial sites].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conversano, M

    2014-01-01

    Environmental pressures affecting Taranto area led institutional commitment to the local Health (LHA) and Environment Agency, which have helped to provide data in support of epidemiological and health impacts evidence.This is relevant in view of the issues related to the public health which led the Apulia Region to enact measures for environmental monitoring of dioxins (Regional Law 44/2008) and protection of food safety (Regional Council Deliberation 1442/2009). The LHA investigated three lines of development: monitoring of food matrices, studies of human biomonitoring and the establishment of local Cancer Registry. Same time to the actions of the Taranto Judiciary, Apulia Region has enacted the RL 24/12, integrating the legislative gap present into the Environmental Authorization procedures, which will allow the Health Damage Assessment, through the correlation between environmental monitoring data, biomonitoring and Cancer Registry. The next step will see the LHA involved in managing effective and feasible prevention initiatives. The Special Health and Environment Plan objective is to monitor the Taranto population health status, to screen the health determinants, to estimate the toxicologically relevant indicators of possible contamination and, if possible, to modify the correlations between risk factors, body burden, and specific diseases.

  11. Webometrics: Can we measure the Internet?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaliczynska, Malgorzata

    2004-07-01

    This paper refers issues connected with webometrics -- science, which allow conducting various researches over model and content of the Internet, especially WWW sites. Webometrics methodology connections with other disciplines and numerous examples of various, sometimes completely different Internet measures were shown. This paper presents the state of the art in webometrics.

  12. Internet resources for psychiatry and neuropsychiatry

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, J.; Sharpe, M

    2003-01-01

    Some of the most useful internet resources relevant to psychiatry and neuropsychiatry are summarised. Web sites recommended for professionals and patients are detailed, including where to find evidence based psychiatry, psychiatry news, and professional organisations. Some thoughts on "cyberchondria" and the opportunities that the internet offers for illness transmission are also considered.

  13. Internet resources for psychiatry and neuropsychiatry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, J; Sharpe, M

    2003-01-01

    Some of the most useful internet resources relevant to psychiatry and neuropsychiatry are summarised. Web sites recommended for professionals and patients are detailed, including where to find evidence based psychiatry, psychiatry news, and professional organisations. Some thoughts on "cyberchondria" and the opportunities that the internet offers for illness transmission are also considered. PMID:12486258

  14. Teaching Marketing Research with the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Wai-Sum; Chau, Lewis Long-Fung

    1998-01-01

    A Web site used to teach business students to use the Internet for marketing research was evaluated by 54 students. They thought its information content was useful but wanted it to be easier to use. Educators should identify students' level of Internet literacy and develop online materials accordingly. (SK)

  15. Internet-Based Public Health E-Learning Student Perceptions: An Evaluation from the People's Open Access Education Initiative (Peoples-uni)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awofeso, Niyi; Philip, Keir; Heller, Richard F.

    2012-01-01

    Current public health training infrastructure and facilitators in most developing nations are insufficient relative to public health service delivery needs. We examined five areas of student perceptions of a web-based public health learning initiative, the Peoples-uni, which focused on: reasons for enrolling, learning expectations; technical…

  16. Internet addiction: a 21st century epidemic?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christakis Dimitri A

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Internet addiction, while not yet officially codified within a psychopathological framework, is growing both in prevalence and within the public consciousness as a potentially problematic condition with many parallels to existing recognized disorders. The rapid and unfettered increase in the number of people accessing a relatively unrestricted internet substantially increases the possibility that those suffering with an underlying psychological comorbidity may be at serious risk of developing an addiction to the internet, lending further credence to this hitherto understudied condition. In this commentary, I outline my recommendations for improved diagnosis, study and prevention of internet addiction.

  17. Internet Adaptation for Colour-Blind Persons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rytė Žiūrienė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Of all human race about 8% of males and 0,5% of females are colour-blind. It is estimated that in 2011 or 2012 there will be around 2 billion Internet users worldwide, so the number of colour-blind Internet users can reach about 200 million. Authors of this publication analyse issues that arise for colour-blind persons on the Internet and deliver the ways to make the Internet more comfortable. The special software is proposed as one of the ways together with comparison of its advantages.

  18. Internet dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukose, Rajan Mathew

    The World Wide Web and the Internet are rapidly expanding spaces, of great economic and social significance, which offer an opportunity to study many phenomena, often previously inaccessible, on an unprecedented scale and resolution with relative ease. These phenomena are measurable on the scale of tens of millions of users and hundreds of millions of pages. By virtue of nearly complete electronic mediation, it is possible in principle to observe the time and ``spatial'' evolution of nearly all choices and interactions. This cyber-space therefore provides a view into a number of traditional research questions (from many academic disciplines) and creates its own new phenomena accessible for study. Despite its largely self-organized and dynamic nature, a number of robust quantitative regularities are found in the aggregate statistics of interesting and useful quantities. These regularities can be understood with the help of models that draw on ideas from statistical physics as well as other fields such as economics, psychology and decision theory. This thesis develops models that can account for regularities found in the statistics of Internet congestion and user surfing patterns and discusses some practical consequences. practical consequences.

  19. Institutional delivery in public and private sectors in South Asia: A comparative analysis of prospective data from four demographic surveillance sites

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Das (Sushmita); G. Alcock (Glyn); K. Azad (Kishwar); A. Kuddus (Abdul); A. Manandhar; B. Shrestha (Bhim); N. Nair (Nirmala); S. Rath (Santosh); N.S. More (Neena Shah); N. Saville (Naomi); A.J. Houweling (Tanja); D. Osrin (David)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstract__Background:__ Maternity care in South Asia is available in both public and private sectors. Using data from demographic surveillance sites in Bangladesh, Nepal and rural and urban India, we aimed to compare institutional delivery rates and public-private share. __Methods:__ We us

  20. Meaningful public participation in scientific research: How to build an effective site-based long-term education program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, L.

    2013-12-01

    Many site-based educators (Wildlife Refuges, nature centers, Cooperative Extension Programs, schools, arboretums) struggle with developing and implementing cohesive long-term scientific monitoring projects into their existing outreach programming. Moreover, projects that are not meaningful to participants often have little or no sustainable long-term impact. Programs proven most effective are those which 1.) engage the participants in the study design and implementation process, 2.) answer a scientific question posed by site leaders; the data collected supports USA-NPN efforts as well as related site management and monitoring questions, 3.) are built into existing outreach and education programs, using phenology as a lens for understanding both natural and cultural history, and 4.) consistently share outcomes and results with the participants. The USA National Phenology Network's (USA-NPN) Education Program provides phenology curriculum and outreach to educators in formal, non-formal, and informal settings. Materials are designed to serve participants in grades 5-12, higher education, and adult learners. Phenology, used as a lens for place-based education, can inform science, environmental, and climate literacy, as well as other subject areas including cultural studies, art, and language arts. The USA-NPN offers consultation with site leaders on how to successfully engage site-based volunteers and students in long-term phenological studies using Nature's Notebook (NN), the professional and citizen science phenology monitoring program. USA-NPN education and educator instruction materials are designed and field-tested to demonstrate how to implement a long-term NN phenology-monitoring program at such sites. These curricula incorporate monitoring for public visitors, long-term volunteers, and school groups, while meeting the goals of USA-NPN and the site, and can be used as a model for other public participation in science programs interested in achieving similar

  1. Internet Use in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Salzman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este documento analiza el desarrollo del uso de Internet en América Latina. Los análisis exploran las expectativas y realidades macro y micro sociales del uso de Internet en la región. Mientras se conjetura tanto acerca de la penetración de Internet en América Latina, este documento establece las tasas reales de penetración, e intenta comprender qué ha fomentado su crecimiento en la región. Diferentes niveles de desarrollo económico, tecnológico y gubernamental impulsan la expansión de la penetración de Internet en la región. Al observar el consumo en un nivel micro, esta investigación emplea datos de encuestas de varios años del Proyecto de Opinión Pública de América Latina (Latin American Public Opinion Project y ofrece un análisis inicial de los factores determinantes del uso de Internet. En comparación con otras formas de consumo de medios de comunicación, los usuarios de Internet son más jóvenes y más escépticos a los medios de prensa locales.

  2. Health literacy, health information seeking behaviors and internet use among patients attending a private and public clinic in the same geographic area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Natalia; Kindratt, Tiffany B; Pagels, Patti; Foster, Barbara; Gimpel, Nora E

    2014-02-01

    Despite the growing body of health information available online, patients with limited health literacy may lack either internet access or skills necessary to utilize this information. Nonetheless, patients at all health literacy levels may prefer other primary sources to obtain health information. We conducted a cross-sectional study to measure health literacy of patients attending two clinics in Dallas, TX and determine associations between health literacy, health information access and internet usage before and after controlling for confounders. Patients from both clinics (county N = 265; private N = 233) completed a brief survey which included sociodemographics, internet patterns, confidence in filling out medical forms and a self-administered Newest Vital Sign to measure health literacy. In the county clinic, most patients (61.5 %) were Hispanic, had low income (literacy (68.5 %). In the private clinic, participants were mostly black (40.4 %) or white (38.6 %), had higher incomes (≥$46,000), higher education (technical college or college) and adequate health literacy (75.1 %). The primary source of obtaining health information in both clinics was their health care professional (50.6 % county; 40.1 % private). In multivariate analyses to determine differences by health literacy level, there were no statistically significant differences between patients with limited and adequate health literacy and their primary information source. Regardless of health literacy, patients rely on their health care providers to obtain health information. These results showcase the importance of providers' effective communication with patients to make shared decisions about their health regardless of other factors.

  3. The effects of a Dutch version of an Internet-based treatment program for fear of public speaking: A controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Gallego

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación es un estudio controlado en el cual los efectos de la versión holandesa de «Háblame», un tratamiento cognitivo-conductual vía Internet para el miedo a hablar en público, fueron investigados. Cuarenta y un participantes con un diagnóstico de fobia social se asignaron aleatoriamente a «Háblame» o a un grupo control lista de espera. El grupo de tratamiento cognitivo-conductual vía Internet mejoró significativamente del pre-test al pos-test en todas las medidas de fobia social y en las de interferencia en el área social y laboral. «Háblame» fue significativamente más efectivo que el grupo control en medidas de miedo y evitación a las conductas objetivo, miedo a hablar en público e interferencia en el área laboral. Por lo que respecta al tamaño del efecto (Cohen-d para las medidas de fobia social el tratamiento vía Internet obtuvo un tamaño del efecto alto intragrupo (d = 1.13 y entre grupos (d = .86. Los resultados obtenidos por el programa «Háblame» son comparables a los obtenidos por el tratamiento cara a cara para la fobia social. Finalmente, es importante enfatizar que «Háblame» fue bien aceptado por los participantes.

  4. Internet privacy options for adequate realisation

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    A thorough multidisciplinary analysis of various perspectives on internet privacy was published as the first volume of a study, revealing the results of the achatech project "Internet Privacy - A Culture of Privacy and Trust on the Internet." The second publication from this project presents integrated, interdisciplinary options for improving privacy on the Internet utilising a normative, value-oriented approach. The ways in which privacy promotes and preconditions fundamental societal values and how privacy violations endanger the flourishing of said values are exemplified. The conditions which must be fulfilled in order to achieve a culture of privacy and trust on the internet are illuminated. This volume presents options for policy-makers, educators, businesses and technology experts how to facilitate solutions for more privacy on the Internet and identifies further research requirements in this area.

  5. Evaluation of Internet Information About Rotator Cuff Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Kevin A; Codella, Stephen; Ciccotti, Michael G; Kane, Patrick W; Duncan, Ian C; Cohen, Steven B

    2016-01-01

    The content and quality of Internet websites are not governed or regulated. Therefore, patients who consult the Internet may receive outdated or incorrect medical information. Researchers have analyzed the quality of web information about various orthopedic surgeries, but no such analysis has been performed on websites covering rotator cuff repair. We conducted a study to evaluate and analyze rotator cuff repair information available to the general public through the Internet; to assess changes in the quality of information over time; to determine if sites sponsored by academic institutions offered higher-quality information; and to assess whether the readability of the material varied according to DISCERN scores. Two Internet searches were conducted, in 2011 and 2014. The 3 most commonly used search engines were used to search for rotator cuff repair. The first 50 websites from each search engine were evaluated for authorship and content. The DISCERN instrument was used to analyze the quality of each website's health information. The 2011 search revealed 21% of websites were associated with an academic institution, 38% were authored by a hospital or physician group, and 11.5% were industry-sponsored. The 2014 search revealed a similar distribution of contributors. The highest DISCERN scores were given to academic institution websites (51.6) and public education websites (49). There was no correlation between readability and DISCERN scores. Websites associated with academic institutions produced the highest-quality medical information. Over the past few years, authorship and content have changed little with respect to Internet information about rotator cuff repair.

  6. 新媒体时代高校网络舆情的干预机制研究%Intervention Mechanism Research of Public Opinion on Universities′Internet in the New Media Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏铁山

    2015-01-01

    In the new media era,social opinions permeate campus life through mew media.And further sociali-zation of public opinion on campus internet threw out a new challenge to the supervision of universities′net-work public opinion and the ideological and political education.Ideological and political education workers to guide public opinion,to prevent campus crisis,we must fully understand the significance of university network public opinion intervention mechanism,the main characteristics of the university network public opinion,clear development regularity and characteristics of network public opinion, to establish scientific and reasonable mechanism of network public opinion intervention,so as to promote the harmonious and stable development of colleges and universities.%新媒体时代,社会舆论通过新媒体渠道向校园渗透,高校网络舆论环境进一步社会化,给高校网络舆情管控与大学生思想政治教育工作带来了新的挑战。高校学生思政政治工作者,要想引导舆论、预防校园危机事件,就必须全面了解高校网络舆情干预机制的研究意义和主要特征,摸清网络舆情的发展规律和特点,建立科学合理的网络舆情干预机制,从而促进高校的和谐稳定发展。

  7. A Search on the Internet for Evidence of Time Travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemiroff, Robert J.; Wilson, T.

    2014-01-01

    Time travel has captured the public imagination for much of the past century, but few searches for evidence of time travel have ever been done. Here three searches on the Internet for evidence of time travel are described, all three seeking a prescient mention of information not available before a given date. The first investigation sought prescient content placed on the Internet, highlighted by a comprehensive search for specific terms in tweets on Twitter. The second investigation sought prescient inquiries submitted to a search engine, highlighted by a comprehensive search for specific search terms submitted to the Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) web site. The third investigation involved a request for a direct Internet communication, either by email or tweet, pre-dating to the time of the inquiry. Given practical verifiability concerns, only time travel from the future was investigated. The main terms searched for involved Comet ISON and Pope Francis, as they became popular during our search window -- between 2006 and 2013. No evidence for time travel was discovered. Although these negative results do not disprove time travel, given the great reach of the Internet, this search is perhaps the most comprehensive to date.

  8. 网络舆情对政府治理影响的正效应分析%Positive Effects Analysis of the Impact of Internet Public Opinion on Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛雨

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development and wide spread of internet, the network monitoring increasingly becomes a new supervision by public opinion with fast response, high-impact, and broad participation. Online public opinion provides a comprehensive understanding of the true public sentiment for the government, and an access to comprehensive information on public opportunities. Meanwhile in the process the governance plays a role in the capability of promoting the government reform. Some local governments have undergone profound changes in the concept of governance, decision-making mechanism for governance, democratic management, and image management, etc.%随着互联网的快速发展和广泛普及,网络监督日益成为一种反应快、影响大、参与面广的新兴舆论监督方式。网上舆论监督在为政府提供一个全面了解真实民情,获得全面信息机会的同时,也在此过程中促进了政府治理能力的提高,进而对政府管理体制改革起到推动作用。一些地方的政府在治理理念、决策机制政务管理、民主管理、形象管理等方面都发生了深刻的变化。

  9. 46 CFR 503.24 - Information available via the internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information available via the internet. 503.24 Section... Information Act Procedures § 503.24 Information available via the internet. (a) The Commission maintains an internet web site. The Commission home page may be found at http://www.fmc.gov. (b) The following...

  10. Telemedical Education: Teaching Spirometry on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lum, Esther H.; Gross, Thomas J.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the development and evaluation of an Internet-based tutorial for teaching spirometry interpretation to nonpulmonologists. Concludes that computer-based tutorials can effectively train off-site practitioners in spirometry interpretation. Contains 23 references. (Author/WRM)

  11. Internet gaming addiction: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuss DJ

    2013-11-01

    for public health care and insurance providers. The holistic approach adopted here not only highlights empirical research that evidences neurobiologic correlates of Internet gaming addiction and the establishment of a preliminary diagnosis, but also emphasizes the necessity of an indepth understanding of the meaning, context, and practices associated with gaming.Keywords: Internet gaming, Internet gaming addiction, current perspectives, context, neuroimaging, diagnosis

  12. [Salvia divinorum--representation of a new drug in the Internet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siemann, H; Specka, M; Schifano, F; Deluca, P; Scherbaum, N

    2006-05-01

    The German pages of the Internet were searched for the presence of the hallucinogenic herbal drug Salvia divinorum, which is not dealt with in current addiction medicine or psychiatric text books. The investigation is part of the EU sponsored project "Psychonaut" as preparatory work for the development of an Internet-based early warning system. The first 100 websites of the search using "Salvia divinorum" were compared with the search results for "cannabis" and "LSD". The following aspects of the sites were especially analyzed: the originator, marketing of drugs, and the attitude towards drug use. Salvia was offered for sale on approximately a third of the sites (29%); cannabis and LSD were not marketed on any sites. Official websites such as those from governmental organizations or universities were seldom found when searching for "Salvia divinorum", and then only under the last hits. The percentage of institutional sites (e. g. public organizations) were 12% with Salvia, 21% with cannabis, and 38% with LSD. A drug-friendly attitude was found at 64 % of the sites with regard to Salvia, 58% for cannabis, and 24% for LSD. The drug help system must be aware of that the Internet is a source of drug-related information, and of drug trade. As this investigation shows, sites often have a drug-friendly attitude. The low availability of official information on Salvia divinorum (also outside the Internet) relative to the presence of drug-friendly or drug trading sites is an indication that new trends of drug consumption can be tracked in the Internet before they will be found in official literature.

  13. Improving Public Reporting and Data Validation for Complex Surgical Site Infections After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery and Hip Arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderwood, Michael S.; Kleinman, Ken; Murphy, Michael V.; Platt, Richard; Huang, Susan S.

    2014-01-01

    Background  Deep and organ/space surgical site infections (D/OS SSI) cause significant morbidity, mortality, and costs. Rates are publicly reported and increasingly used as quality metrics affecting hospital payment. Lack of standardized surveillance methods threaten the accuracy of reported data and decrease confidence in comparisons based upon these data. Methods  We analyzed data from national validation studies that used Medicare claims to trigger chart review for SSI confirmation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and hip arthroplasty. We evaluated code performance (sensitivity and positive predictive value) to select diagnosis codes that best identified D/OS SSI. Codes were analyzed individually and in combination. Results  Analysis included 143 patients with D/OS SSI after CABG and 175 patients with D/OS SSI after hip arthroplasty. For CABG, 9 International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis codes identified 92% of D/OS SSI, with 1 D/OS SSI identified for every 4 cases with a diagnosis code. For hip arthroplasty, 6 ICD-9 diagnosis codes identified 99% of D/OS SSI, with 1 D/OS SSI identified for every 2 cases with a diagnosis code. Conclusions  This standardized and efficient approach for identifying D/OS SSI can be used by hospitals to improve case detection and public reporting. This method can also be used to identify potential D/OS SSI cases for review during hospital audits for data validation. PMID:25734174

  14. [The Concept and Treatment of Internet Addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsalhy, Muhammad; Muramatsu, Taro; Higuchi, Susumu; Mimura, Masaru

    2016-10-01

    The Internet now plays a very important role in our lives. However, for some people, Internet use can lead to a state that appears to meet the DSM definition for a mental disorder. In this review, we briefly discuss definition, symptoms, risk factors, prevalence, comorbidities, and personality traits of people who are susceptible to becoming addicts. In the second section of the article, various types of Internet addiction are discussed, focusing mainly on Internet Gaming Disorder and social networking survices (SNS) addiction. Regarding Internet Gaming Disorder, we discuss various types of the newly emerged Massive Multiplayer Online Games (MMO), as well as theories about why people become addicted to them. We do the same for the SNS Addiction for sites like Facebook and LINE; again, different types, as well as theories about why some people become addicts to such sites are discussed. Finally, preventive measures are introduced, focusing on a number of commonly used treatment methods, perticulary cognitive behavioral therapy and family therapy.

  15. Proposed siting of a HLW Repository to the Municipality of Oskarshamn - Dialogue with the public and how it responds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlsson, Torsten; Hallberg, Krister [Municipality of Oskarshamn (Sweden); Andersson, Kjell [Karinta-Konsult, Taeby (Sweden); Aahagen, Harald [Aahagen and Co., Vaederstad (Sweden); Braakenhielm, Carl-Reinhold [Univ. of Uppsala (Sweden). Dept. of Theology

    2001-07-01

    The Swedish High Level Nuclear Waste programme is in a decision making phase where the issue is if three site investigations in three municipalities are to be initiated or not. In Oskarshamn the answer to this question is currently being prepared by three newly formed working groups. The task for these groups is to prepare reports to the Municipality Council with recommendations how this question should be answered. The work is conducted following the 'Oskarshamn Model'. The municipality is expected to answer this question early 2002. The major challenge during 2001 for the municipality is to form a dialogue with the region, the Oskarshamn public and in particular the land owners and neighbours (the most effected parties) to the proposed area of investigation. With the dialogue, the municipality should be able to continue to take decisions and post possible conditions that are supported and recognised by a large majority of the people in Oskarshamn. Should site investigations be accepted, the experience from the work conducted to date and the 'Oskarshamn Model' will continue to form a strong base for the municipality participation in the six to seven year long investigation phase.

  16. 在线零售站点的自适应和商业智能的发现%Adaptive Online Retail Web Site and Discovering Internet Marketing Intelligence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王实; 高文; 郎金文; 李锦涛

    2002-01-01

    There are two important problems in online retail:1)The conflict between the different interest of all customers to the different commodities and the commodity classification structure of Web site;2)Many customers will simultaneously buy both the beer and the diaper that are classified in different classes and levels in the Web site,which is the typical problem in data mining.The two problems will make majority customers access overabundant Web pages.To sove these problems,we mine the Web page data,server data,and marketing data to build an adaptive model.In this model,the frequently purchased commodities and their association commodity sets that are discovered by the association rule discovery will be put into the suitable Web page according to the placing method and the backing off method.At last the navigation Web pages become the navigation content Web pages.The Web site can be adaptive according to the users''''''''accesa and purchase information.In online retail,the designers require to understand the latent users''''''''interest in order to convert the latent users to purchase users.In this paper,we give the approach to discover the Internet marketing intelligence through OLAP in order to help the designers to improve their service.

  17. Nonprescription steroids on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, Christen L; Marlowe, Douglas B; Patapis, Nicholas S; Festinger, David S; Forman, Robert F

    2012-02-01

    This study evaluated the degree to which anabolic-androgenic steroids are proffered for sale over the Internet and how they are characterized on popular Web sites. Searches for specific steroid product labels (e.g., Dianabol) between March 2006 and June 2006 revealed that approximately half of the Web sites advocated their "safe" use, and roughly one third offered to sell them without prescriptions. The Web sites frequently presented misinformation about steroids and minimized their dangers. Less than 5% of the Web sites presented accurate health risk information about steroids or provided information to abusers seeking to discontinue their steroid use. Implications for education, prevention, treatment, and policy are discussed.

  18. The Age of the Internet Network Public Opinion Guiding Mechanism Research%互联网时代网络舆论引导机制的构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄立新

    2012-01-01

    The Internet has become the important ideological and cultural information center and public opinion amplifier,of social life is the expression of public opinion,smooth feelings,the people together important channel,its influence more and more.Therefore,there is an urgent need to strengthen the construction of network public opinion guiding mechanism.In the new situation,in the light of our country network public opinion guiding mechanism existing problems,further improve the network public opinion guidance work,must be followed in the flexible management,the first time,mainstream guide and scanty block union principle,accelerate the establishment of rapid response network public opinion guiding mechanism.%互联网是社会生活中表达民意、畅通民情、汇聚民智的重要渠道,其影响力越来越大。因此,迫切需要加强网络舆论引导机制建设。在新形势下,针对我国网络舆论引导机制存在的一些问题,进一步做好网络舆论引导工作,必须在遵循柔性管理、第一时间、主流引导和疏堵结合原则的前提下,加快建立快速反应的网络舆论引导机制。

  19. Investigating teachers’ exploration of a professional development website: An innovative approach to understanding the factors that motivate teachers to use Internet-based resources / Investigation de l’exploration par les enseignants d’un site Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Beach

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This qualitative study examined an innovative methodology, combining screen capture technology and a retrospective think aloud, for exploring the use of Internet-based resources by elementary teachers. Pre-service and in-service teachers explored The Balanced Literacy Diet, a free, interactive, and evidenced-informed professional development website. As participants navigated through this complex site, each visual step was captured using Camtasia Studio, a screen recording computer software program developed by TechSmith. Immediately following their 10-minute exploration, participants revisited their online choices virtually and verbalized their thoughts while viewing their screen recording. Qualitative analysis confirmed the usefulness of the methodology and provided insights about the factors that motivate teachers to use professional development websites. Results of the analysis can contribute to the ongoing development of high quality online learning environments. Cette étude qualitative s’est penchée sur une méthodologie innovatrice combinant les technologies de saisie d’écran et la pensée rétrospective à voix haute pour l’exploration de l’utilisation des ressources dans Internet par les enseignants de l’élémentaire. Des enseignants en formation initiale et des enseignants sur place ont exploré The Balanced Literacy Diet, un site Web de perfectionnement professionnel gratuit, interactif et s’appuyant sur des données probantes. Tandis que les participants naviguaient dans ce site complexe, chaque étape visuelle était captée à l’aide de Camtasia Studio, un logiciel d’enregistrement de l’écran développé par TechSmith. Immédiatement après leur exploration de 10 minutes, les participants ont revisité virtuellement leurs choix en ligne et ont verbalisé leurs réflexions en regardant l’enregistrement de l’écran. L’analyse qualitative a confirmé l’utilité de la méthodologie et a fourni des

  20. The Impact of Internet Knowledge on College Students' Intention to Continue to Use the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Lu; Zhang, Mingxin

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: Examines the effect of Internet knowledge on college students' intention to continue using the Internet. Method: Students at four public institutions in Wuhan, China, were surveyed. They completed a questionnaire during the class hours. Analysis: Psychometric analysis was performed to assess the internal consistency, convergent and…

  1. 公益宣传海报在互联网传播中的思维建构%Public welfare propaganda posters in the Internet dissemination of thinking construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文悦

    2013-01-01

      本文从认知角度对语言在互联网传播中的构建进行了研究。心理空间和思维整合对静态广告的动态构建具有很强的解释意义。本文在概念整合理论的指导下分析了公益广告海报的互联网在线思维建构过程。%This paper studies the language constructs in Internet communication from the cognitive perspective.Construction has strong explanatory significance of dynamic psychological space and Thinking on the integration of static advertising.In this paper,the conceptual integration theory under the guidance of online public service advertising posters of the construction process of thinking.

  2. POTENTIALITIES AND RISKS OF BIOCHEMICAL EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH VIA INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C. Gomes

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The internet is more and more present in worldwide education. There are innumerable projects thatstimulate its usage for aiding the teaching-learning process. This new trend modies the reality of thewhole school. However, many copies of identical information are found in several sites: graphs, gures,texts, links and even errors. The aim of this work is to analyse the biochemical issues photosynthesisand cellular respiration available in web pages, taking into account contents quality, trustworthinessand eectiveness. Firstly, 6th secondary level students were inquired by a questionnaire on their use ofinternet resources. More than 80 percent of them were regular users. The result conrms the alreadyknown potential of internet in education. Fourteen sites were analysed regarding to contents, presenceof bibliographical references, authorship, titles of responsibles and adequacy to the target public. Inrelation to contents, presence of conceptual errors, illustrations and other stimulant elements wereanalysed. None of the sites presented biblioghraphic references; less than half divulged responsiblenames and their graduation. The great majority do not mention intended public target. In general,the sites did not contained grave conceptual errors, except for two that mention estoma insteadestroma, cilica/acilica phosphorylation (for cyclic and acyclic, grama (for grana and place oxygenas essential for anaerobic respiration. However, one of these sites was the only one that mentionedenzymes and regulation steps of cellular respiration. Half of the sites presented identical texts andgures. None used livened up resources. The majority showed contents as virtual versions of printedbooks. Illustrations did not present necessary legends. None of the analysed sites, thus, was consideredexcellent. Trustworthiness is also questionable as much of the contents arte clearly copies of otherpages, recurrent even on the errors. Our data strengthen the need for

  3. Potencialidades del microrrelato en Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira, Ana Sofia Marques Viana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The criticism generated around the short short story has shown that this literary text category is paradigmatic of contemporary human being’s way of being and thinking. Its brief, quick, suggestive and hybrid nature allows it to absorb other speeches from other areas, as well as to enter into dialogue with them. Concurrently, its dissemination through the Internet in recent years and through different circuits proves that it is on the Internet that this kind of fiction finds the ideal habitat to develop its potential. Internet publication also contributes to its current popularity. From this approach, it is very important to address this discourse on the premise that without being born in the technological world as we conceive it today, the short short story has taken advantage of the features of the virtual sphere to spread and become a highly democratized phenomenon, especially from the perspective of their creators.

  4. The Internet and tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Verner, Zbyněk

    2012-01-01

    This work concentrates on Internet and its influence on tourism. It describes history of Internet, tourism and interactions among them. Next this work deals with the newest trends of Internet and their influence on tourism. Last but not least, it analyzes the influence of Internet on demand in tourism in Czech Republic.

  5. Internet Addiction among Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargin, Nurten

    2012-01-01

    Each innovation brings along many risks. One of the risks related with the Internet use is Internet addiction. The aim of this study is to examine Internet addiction in adolescence in terms of gender, Internet access at home and grades. The research design used was survey method. The study population consisted of second stage students attending…

  6. The Internet and tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Verner, Zbyněk

    2010-01-01

    This work concentrates on Internet and its influence on tourism. It describes history of Internet, tourism and interactions among them. Next this work deals with the newest trends of Internet and their influence on tourism. Last but not least, it analyzes the influence of Internet on demand in tourism in Czech Republic.

  7. Internet: um meio desmassificado

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Ivo Dias de

    2016-01-01

    Objetivos Identificar as diferentes fases de evolução da Internet. Perceber a Internet como um meio desmassificado. Entender o conceito de hipertexto e a sua evolução. Saber os diferentes tipos de utilização da Internet. Compreender as diferentes dimensões da presença na Internet. N/A

  8. Internet Addiction among Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargin, Nurten

    2012-01-01

    Each innovation brings along many risks. One of the risks related with the Internet use is Internet addiction. The aim of this study is to examine Internet addiction in adolescence in terms of gender, Internet access at home and grades. The research design used was survey method. The study population consisted of second stage students attending…

  9. On the Mobile Internet Technology in Intelligent Transportation Public Services Among%浅析移动互联网技术在智能交通公共服务当中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋斌

    2015-01-01

    With the development of economy, society and the information age, gradually showing a wide mass appeal demand, diversify, express liberalization, strong defenders of features. Trafifc police departments on how to adapt to the requirements of the times, innovation and social management, information technology means people's livelihood, to resolve grievances, anytime, anywhere to understand the requirements and expectations of the masses, the effort to solve their dififculties and problems, has been a problem it faces. As mobile Internet technology constantly updated, especially the popularity of smartphones, making use of technology to build mobile Internet service platform for public trafifc as possible. This paper mainly study the construction of a city public information service platform for intelligent transportation.%随着经济社会和信息时代的不断发展,群众诉求逐渐呈现出需求多元化、渠道多样化、表达自由化、维权强烈化的特点。交警部门如何适应时代要求,创新社会管理,以信息化手段关注民生、化解民怨,随时随地了解群众的要求和期盼,倾力解决群众的困难和问题,一直是其面临的问题。随着移动互联网技术的不断更新,尤其是智能手机的普及,使得利用移动互联网技术建设交警公共服务平台成为了可能。文章主要研究建设一个城市智能交通公共信息服务平台。

  10. Internet-kulttuuri nykytaiteessa

    OpenAIRE

    Höyssä, Timo

    2016-01-01

    Internet-kulttuuri nykytaiteessa Tutkimuksessa tarkastellaan internet-taiteen historiaa ja nykyisiä esityskäytäntöjä sekä sitä miten globaali internet-kulttuuri on muokannut nykytaidetta sekä galleriassa että webissä. Tutkimuksessa kysytään miten internetin kehitys on vaikuttanut internet-taiteeseen sekä post-internet-taiteen syntyyn? Mikä on internetin paikka nykytaiteessa sekä populaarikulttuurissa? Internet culture in contemporary art A study on the history of Internet art and it’...

  11. The Research on Distribution Mode of Internet+ Public Elder Care Beds-- The Analysis Based on Data of Public Elder Care Beds Assignment in Guangzhou%“互联网+”公办养老机构床位分配模式研究--基于广州市公办养老机构床位轮候数据的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓庆

    2015-01-01

    Guangzhou City is the first to establish Internet+ public elder care beds assignment mode in China. Through the analysis of public elder care beds assignment data and the evaluation of the effect of policy implementation, the paper points out the defects of system implementation, and makes corresponding suggestion to improve Internet+ public elder care beds distribution model.%广州市率先在全国建立起“互联网+”公办养老机构床位分配模式。通过对广州市公办养老机构床位轮候数据的分析,初步评估轮候政策的实施效果,发现制度实施过程中存在的不足,并提出相应建议,旨在完善“互联网+”公办养老机构床位分配模式。

  12. Internet resources for the anaesthesiologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Edward

    2012-05-01

    There is considerable useful information about anaesthesia available on the World Wide Web. However, at present, it is very incomplete and scattered around many sites. Many anaesthetists find it difficult to get the right information they need because of the sheer volume of information available on the internet. This article starts with the basics of the Internet, how to utilize the search engine at the maximum and presents a comprehensive list of important websites. These important websites, which are felt to offer high educational value for the anaesthesiologists, have been selected from an extensive search on the Internet. Top-rated anaesthesia websites, web blogs, forums, societies, e-books, e-journals and educational resources are elaborately discussed with relevant URLs.

  13. 75 FR 32372 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... in the Internet Economy AGENCY: National Telecommunications and Information Administration, U.S... between privacy policy and innovation in the Internet economy.\\1\\ In addition, the Department announced... Public Review of Privacy Policy and Innovation in the Internet Economy, Launches Internet Policy...

  14. Reconsidering Architecture for Future Ubiquitous Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhangfeng Hu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Internet was designed about thirty years ago, and used as an academic communication and research platform for researchers at universities and research agencies of the United States at that time. However, with the great development and improvement of science and technology and many surprising inventions like desktop, laptop, mobile phone, PDA, intelligent sensor and so forth, Internet has evolved from being an academic communication and research platform to a huge ubiquitous information platform. The number of users of the Internet and the number of applications running on the Internet are both getting larger and larger, which have brought many challenges to the Internet itself. These challenges include the super-linear growth of routing table size in the Internet core routers which is also called routing scalability, mobility support for end host, multi-homing technology that provides the capability for a network site to be connected to more than one Internet Service Providers, and traffic engineering for a multi-homed site. These challenges are assumed to be caused from the primitive design principle’s contradiction with more and more newly developed applications over Internet. Many proposals have been published in the past few years to address these challenges, and these proposals can be divided into two categories, “evolutionary” and “revolutionary”, which are completely two different ways to consider the future of ubiquitous Internet. In this paper we reconsider the challenges faced by current Internet, and then propose a “clean-slate” and ID/Locator separation based architecture for future ubiquitous Internet (AFUI.

  15. Trends in Internet Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Panchanathan, Nitin

    2005-01-01

    Internet marketing involves the usage of the Internet to market and sell goods or services. In this thesis we wished to seek answers for the following questions with the help of web, email surveys taking into consideration consumer perspective, company perspective and 3rd party internet marketing agency perspective. Our survey sample was based on a small set of companies, consumers and internet marketing agencies. The survey results helped us in predicting the trends in internet marketing. We...

  16. SATNET Development and Operation. Pluribus Satellite IMP Development, Remote Site Maintenance. Internet Development. Mobile Access Terminal Network, TCP for the HP3000, TCP-TAC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    7.2.3.4 Network Buffer Resources List Structures .... 64 8 TCP-TAC ............ . . . ............ 66 Report No. 4474 Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc. 1...circuit appeared to be due to a troublesome 9600 baud Codex modem at the London TIP. When malfunctioning, the modem hangs up in such a way that it performs...the modem momentarily in loopback mode. Site personnel have since replaced the Codex modem on the circuit in hopes of eliminating the problem. The high

  17. 当下中国的网络公共领域:形态、成因与秩序建构%Internet Public Sphere in China:Form,Causes and Order Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亮; 邹旭怡

    2014-01-01

    Cyberspace is the extension of social space to the online world,which opens a new discourse space for people.Based on the theory of“public sphere”,this article researches on the form,causes and order construction of internet public sphere in China.Through the study of this three aspects:the op-portunities brought by new media technology,participation in cyberspace and the possibility of see-king consensus,some concrete space with characteristics of public sphere is found in cyberspace.Mean-while,some problems obstruct its healthy development.In view of the above situation,we consider that system should be constructed to maintain public order in cyberspace and promote internet political participation which will be conducive to China's political development.%网络空间是社会空间向线上世界的延伸,为人们敞开了一个新的话语空间。运用“公共领域”的理论,基于对哈贝马斯和查尔斯·泰勒关于“公共领域”含义的综合理解,研究当下中国网络公共领域的形态、成因及秩序构建。通过对新媒介技术带来的机遇、网络空间中的参与状况、寻求共识的可能性三个方面进行考察,发现在中国的网络空间中,存在一些具有公共领域特征或公共领域理想的具体场域,但同时也存在诸多问题阻挠网络公共领域的健康发展。因此,需要我们通过完善制度建设来维护网络公共领域的秩序,推动有序的网络政治参与,从而有利于中国的政治发展。

  18. Analysis of Effective Fusion of Multi Dimension Network Public Opinion of Internet Big Data%互联网大数据的多维度网络舆情有效融合分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立平; 陈政; 梁超

    2016-01-01

    近年来,基于大数据技术对多维度的网络舆情进行融合与分析的技术已经进入到各方的事业当中来。在这一背景下,通过对于互联网大数据的多维度网络舆情的全面剖析,找出其中最有效的融合途径与方法,并通过这一有效途径,为今后多维度网络舆情的有效融合及其相关管理与融合体系的建立提供必要的理论基础与实践指导。此种有效融合途径的实现不仅改变了网络信息的传播途径,极大的增加了传播数据,更是能够从数据底层获取其数据传播的节点信息,无论是对自身信息的融合还是舆情的管理与预判均具有积极意义。%In recent years, the technology of fusion and analyzing the multi dimension network network public opinion based on the big data technology has come into all industries. Under the background of the above, by completely analyzing the multi dimension network public opinion of internet big date, the most effective fusion approaches are found, and by these effective approaches, the necessary theoretic foundation and practical guidance are provided for the effective fusion and the construction of management and fusion system of the multi dimension network public opinion. The realization of this effective fusion approach not only changes the transmission approach of internet information and greatly increases the transmission data, but also obtains the node information of the data transmission from the data basement, which is significant for the information fusion and the management and prognosis of public opinion.

  19. A Topic Tracking Method of Internet Public Opinion Based on Link Network Diagram%基于链接网络图的互联网舆情话题跟踪方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱恒民; 苏新宁; 张相斌

    2011-01-01

    互联网舆情演化具有的衍生性和动态性特点,使得舆情话题的跟踪分析相当复杂.为了及时、准确地跟踪舆情的衍生话题,本文在分析网页间的链接关系与网页内容关联性的基础上,提出了舆情演化的链接网络图概念,以及网络图中节点与舆情话题的相关度计量和更新方法,基于此提出了基于链接网络图的舆情话题跟踪方法.实验结果表明,基于链接网络图的舆情话题跟踪方法能够在保持较高准确率的前提下,显著地提高舆情话题跟踪的召回率,并能够从网页的链接中发掘出与舆情话题相关的网页.%The topic tracking of Internet public opinion becomes rather complex because the evolution of publicopinion has derivative and dynamic characteristics. In order to timely and accurately track derivative topic of public opinion, a topic tracking method of internet public opinion based on link network diagram is proposed. The relation between links among web pages and their contents is analyzed firstly in this paper. Based on this, the concept of link network diagram and methods for computing and modifying the degree of association between the node of network diagram and the topic of public opinion are proposed. The result of experiment shows that the topic tracking method based on link network diagram can remarkably improve the recall ratio with slight loss of precision comparing with the method of content computing only, and it can even detect some relevant pages from the links of Web pages.

  20. 网络舆情对球迷群体性事件的影响及应对策略研究%Study of the Impact of Internet Public Opinions on Mass Incidents and Coping Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田庆柱

    2014-01-01

    Based on the perspective of social mentality analysis ,we studied the relevance between Internet public opinions and mass incidents and their causes ,characteristics and countermeasures using documents ,logical analysis and other methods .We hold that :the Internet public opinions and mass incidents have a certain relevance because the Internet has become an important platform for modern people to express their views and opinions ;the opinion superposition effects of network media transmission have aggravated contradictions and created the conditions for the outbreak of mass incidents ,and the appearance of mass polarization phenomena and virtual scenes special under special circumstances have triggered mass incidents .After further study ,we hold that bad social mentali-ty is the main cause of mass indicants ,and bad social mentality mainly covers the three aspects :irrational mentality for win and loss , transplantation of mass resentment ,and anxiety and doubt .To cope with mass incidents ,we should establish an early warning mechanism for Internet public opinions and mass polarization for warning of mass incidents and form a mechanism for psychological counseling ,advisory and opinion expression for fans ;strengthen system construction ,promote the process of sports marketization and create a fair social environment and competition environment ;and timely introduce the social control forces to effectively control mass incidents .%基于社会心态分析视角,采用文献资料与逻辑分析等研究方法对网络舆情与球迷群体性事件的关联性、产生机理、表现与应对策略进行研究。认为:网络舆情与球迷群体性事件有着一定的关联,原因在于网络已经成为现代社会民众表达意见和发表观点的重要平台;网络媒介传播的舆论叠加效应促使矛盾加剧,为群体性事件的爆发创造了条件;特殊场域下群体极化现象和虚拟场景的出现引发了球迷的群体性事